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1

Observational constraints of stellar collapse: Diagnostic probes of nature's extreme matter experiment  

SciTech Connect

Supernovae are Nature's high-energy, high density laboratory experiments, reaching densities in excess of nuclear densities and temperatures above 10 MeV. Astronomers have built up a suite of diagnostics to study these supernovae. If we can utilize these diagnostics, and tie them together with a theoretical understanding of supernova physics, we can use these cosmic explosions to study the nature of matter at these extreme densities and temperatures. Capitalizing on these diagnostics will require understanding a wide range of additional physics. Here we review the diagnostics and the physics neeeded to use them to learn about the supernova engine, and ultimate nuclear physics.

Fryer, Chris L., E-mail: fryer@lanl.gov; Even, Wesley [CCS Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)] [CCS Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Grefenstette, Brian W. [Space Radiation Lab, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)] [Space Radiation Lab, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Wong, Tsing-Wai [Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States) [Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Can a Pump-probe Experiment be Simulated Efficiently?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can a Pump-probe Experiment be Simulated Efficiently? Thesis Submitted for the Degree Doctor things in the world. #12;i ABSTRACT Measuring a quantum system disturbs its evolution. A pump-probe exper measurements. Modeling the evolution of observables in the pump-probe experiment is an essential ingredient

Kosloff, Ronnie

3

The Muon g-2 Experiment The NMR Probe Circuitry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Muon g-2 Experiment The NMR Probe Circuitry Upgrading the Circuit Building the Circuit Future Work Updating NMR Probe Electronics in the Muon g-2 Experiment Audrey Kvam University of Washington September 1, 2014 Audrey Kvam Updating NMR Probe Electronics in the Muon g-2 Experiment #12;The Muon g-2

Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

4

New probe at EMSL observes interface kinetics | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

new microfluidic E probe, developed at PNNL and available at EMSL, in position on a ToF-SIMS instrument. A new imaging capability provides direct probing of the solid...

5

Analysis of cylindrical Langmuir probe using experiment and different theories  

SciTech Connect

Cylindrical probe data have been analyzed using different theories in order to determine some plasma parameters (electron temperature and electron and ion densities). Langmuir probe data are obtained in a cylindrical DC glow discharge in the positive column plasma at argon gas pressures varied from 0.5 to 6 Torr and at constant discharge current equal to 10 mA. The electron density has calculated from the electron current at the space potential and from Orbital Motion Limited (OML) collisionless theory. Ion density has obtained from the OML analysis of the ion saturation currents. In addition, the electron temperature has measured by three different methods using probe and electrons currents. The electron temperature T{sub e}, plasma density n{sub e}, and space potential V{sub s}, have been obtained from the measured single cylindrical probe I-V characteristic curves. The radial distribution of the electron temperature and plasma density along the glow discharge are measured and discussed. Using the collisionless theories by Langmuir cylindrical probe and up to several Torr argon gas pressures the differences between the values of electron temperature and electron and ion densities stay within reasonable error limits.

Hassouba, M. A., E-mail: hassouba@yahoo.com [Benha University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science (Egypt); Galaly, A. R. [Umm Al-Qura University, Engineering Science Department, Faculty of Community (Saudi Arabia)] [Umm Al-Qura University, Engineering Science Department, Faculty of Community (Saudi Arabia); Rashed, U. M. [Alazhar University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science (Egypt)] [Alazhar University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science (Egypt)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

6

On interrelating laboratory experiments and geoplasma observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The history, benefits, suitability and limitations of laboratory simulation of space plasma processes are reviewed. Aspects of waves, instabilities, nonlinearities, particle transport, reconnection and hydrodynamics are addressed in terms of interrelated experiments performed in space and in the laboratory. Over time, the degree to which the interrelated experiments can be compared has increased, thanks to improved diagnostic techniques in space and closer attention to matching dimensionless space parameters in the laboratory.

M E Koepke

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Probing light sterile neutrinos in medium baseline reactor experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Medium-baseline reactor experiments (Double Chooz, Daya Bay and RENO) provide a unique opportunity to test the presence of light sterile neutrinos. We analyze the data of these experiments in the search of sterile neutrinos and also test the robustness of ?13 determination in the presence of sterile neutrinos. We show that existence of a light sterile neutrino state improves the fit to these data moderately. We also show that the measured value of ?13 by these experiments is reliable even in the presence of sterile neutrinos, and the reliability owes significantly to the Daya Bay and RENO data. From the combined analysis of the data of these experiments, we constrain the mixing of a sterile neutrino with ?m412?(10-3–10-1)??eV2 to sin?22?14?0.1 at 95% C.L.

Arman Esmaili; Ernesto Kemp; O. L. G. Peres; Zahra Tabrizi

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

8

Adsorption of probe molecules in pillared interlayered clays: Experiment and computer simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the adsorption of various probe molecules in order to characterize the porous structure of a series of pillared interlayered clays (PILC). To that aim volumetric and microcalorimetric adsorption experiments were performed on various Zr PILC samples using nitrogen toluene and mesitylene as probe molecules. For one of the samples neutron scattering experiments were also performed using toluene as adsorbate. Various structural models are proposed and tested by means of a comprehensive computer simulation study using both geometric and percolation analysis in combination with Grand Canonical Monte Carlo simulations in order to model the volumetric and microcalorimetric isotherms. On the basis of this analysis we propose a series of structural models that aim at accounting for the adsorption experimental behavior and make possible a microscopic interpretation of the role played by the different interactions and steric effects in the adsorption processes in these rather complex disordered microporous systems.

A. Gallardo; J. M. Guil; E. Lomba; N. G. Almarza

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

NINE-YEAR WILKINSON MICROWAVE ANISOTROPY PROBE (WMAP) OBSERVATIONS: FINAL MAPS AND RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

We present the final nine-year maps and basic results from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) mission. The full nine-year analysis of the time-ordered data provides updated characterizations and calibrations of the experiment. We also provide new nine-year full sky temperature maps that were processed to reduce the asymmetry of the effective beams. Temperature and polarization sky maps are examined to separate cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy from foreground emission, and both types of signals are analyzed in detail. We provide new point source catalogs as well as new diffuse and point source foreground masks. An updated template-removal process is used for cosmological analysis; new foreground fits are performed, and new foreground-reduced CMB maps are presented. We now implement an optimal C {sup –1} weighting to compute the temperature angular power spectrum. The WMAP mission has resulted in a highly constrained ?CDM cosmological model with precise and accurate parameters in agreement with a host of other cosmological measurements. When WMAP data are combined with finer scale CMB, baryon acoustic oscillation, and Hubble constant measurements, we find that big bang nucleosynthesis is well supported and there is no compelling evidence for a non-standard number of neutrino species (N {sub eff} = 3.84 ± 0.40). The model fit also implies that the age of the universe is t {sub 0} = 13.772 ± 0.059 Gyr, and the fit Hubble constant is H {sub 0} = 69.32 ± 0.80 km s{sup –1} Mpc{sup –1}. Inflation is also supported: the fluctuations are adiabatic, with Gaussian random phases; the detection of a deviation of the scalar spectral index from unity, reported earlier by the WMAP team, now has high statistical significance (n{sub s} = 0.9608 ± 0.0080); and the universe is close to flat/Euclidean (?{sub k} = -0.0027{sup +0.0039}{sub -0.0038}). Overall, the WMAP mission has resulted in a reduction of the cosmological parameter volume by a factor of 68,000 for the standard six-parameter ?CDM model, based on CMB data alone. For a model including tensors, the allowed seven-parameter volume has been reduced by a factor 117,000. Other cosmological observations are in accord with the CMB predictions, and the combined data reduces the cosmological parameter volume even further. With no significant anomalies and an adequate goodness of fit, the inflationary flat ?CDM model and its precise and accurate parameters rooted in WMAP data stands as the standard model of cosmology.

Bennett, C. L.; Larson, D.; Weiland, J. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218-2686 (United States); Jarosik, N.; Page, L. [Department of Physics, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544-0708 (United States); Hinshaw, G.; Halpern, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Odegard, N.; Hill, R. S. [ADNET Systems, Inc., 7515 Mission Drive, Suite A100, Lanham, MD 20706 (United States); Smith, K. M. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Gold, B. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Komatsu, E. [Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild Str. 1, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Nolta, M. R. [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada); Spergel, D. N. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544-1001 (United States); Wollack, E.; Kogut, A. [Code 665, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Dunkley, J. [Oxford Astrophysics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Limon, M. [Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, 550 West 120th Street, Mail Code 5247, New York, NY 10027-6902 (United States); Meyer, S. S. [Departments of Astrophysics and Physics, KICP and EFI, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Tucker, G. S., E-mail: cbennett@jhu.edu [Department of Physics, Brown University, 182 Hope Street, Providence, RI 02912-1843 (United States); and others

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Lab-frame observables for probing the top-Higgs interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate methods to explore the CP nature of the $ t\\bar{t}h $ coupling at the LHC, focusing on associated production of the Higgs with a $t \\bar{t}$ pair. We first discuss the constraints implied by low-energy observables and by the Higgs-rate information from available LHC data, emphasizing that they cannot provide conclusive evidence on the nature of this coupling. We then investigate kinematic observables that could probe the $ t\\bar{t}h $ coupling directly, in particular quantities that can be constructed out of just lab-frame kinematics. We define one such observable by exploiting the fact that $t \\bar{t}$ spin correlations do also carry information about the CP-nature of the $ t\\bar{t}h $ coupling. Finally, we introduce a CP-odd quantity and a related asymmetry, able to probe CP violation in the $ t\\bar{t}h $ coupling and likewise constructed out of lab-frame momenta only.

Boudjema, Fawzi; Guadagnoli, Diego; Mohan, Kirtimaan A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Probing braneworld hypothesis with a "neutron-shining-through-a-wall" experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility for our visible world to be a 3-brane embedded in a multidimensional bulk is at the heart of many theoretical edifices in high energy physics. Probing the braneworld hypothesis is then a major experimental challenge. Following recent theoretical works showing that matter swapping can occur between braneworlds, we propose a "neutron-shining-through-a-wall" experiment. We first show that an intense neutron source such as a nuclear reactor core can induce a hidden neutron flux in an adjacent hidden braneworld. We then describe how a low background detector can detect neutrons arising from the hidden world and we quantify the expected sensitivity to the swapping probability. As a proof of concept, a constraint is derived from previous experiments.

Sarrazin, Michael; Lamblin, Jacob; Petit, Fabrice; Terwagne, Guy; Nesvizhevsky, Valery V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Report on Physics of Channelization: Theory, Experiment, and Observation  

SciTech Connect

The project involved a study of physical processes that create eroded channel and drainage networks. A particular focus was on how the shape of the channels and the network depended on the nature of the fluid flow. Our approach was to combine theoretical, experimental, and observational studies in close collaboration with Professor Daniel Rothman of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Laboratory -scaled experiments were developed and quantitative data on the shape of the pattern and erosion dynamics are obtained with a laser-aided topography technique and fluorescent optical imaging techniques.

Kudrolli, Arshad [Clark University] [Clark University

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

13

Bubbly Flow Experiment in Channel Using an Optical Probe and Tracking Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

communication between the computer and optoelectronic unit. The probe takes advantage of the physics between two mediums, air and water (Fig. 8). The optical fiber, manufactured from glass, relays the signal in the probe. Internal reflection allows...

Khan, Abdul

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

14

OBSERVATIONS OF THERMAL FLARE PLASMA WITH THE EUV VARIABILITY EXPERIMENT  

SciTech Connect

One of the defining characteristics of a solar flare is the impulsive formation of very high temperature plasma. The properties of the thermal emission are not well understood, however, and the analysis of solar flare observations is often predicated on the assumption that the flare plasma is isothermal. The EUV Variability Experiment (EVE) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory provides spectrally resolved observations of emission lines that span a wide range of temperatures (e.g., Fe XV-Fe XXIV) and allow for thermal flare plasma to be studied in detail. In this paper we describe a method for computing the differential emission measure distribution in a flare using EVE observations and apply it to several representative events. We find that in all phases of the flare the differential emission measure distribution is broad. Comparisons of EVE spectra with calculations based on parameters derived from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites soft X-ray fluxes indicate that the isothermal approximation is generally a poor representation of the thermal structure of a flare.

Warren, Harry P.; Doschek, George A. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Mariska, John T. [School of Physics, Astronomy, and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

15

Probing the mechanism of rubredoxin thermal unfolding in the absence of salt bridges by temperature jump experiments  

SciTech Connect

Rubredoxins are the simplest type of iron-sulphur proteins and in recent years they have been used as model systems in protein folding and stability studies, especially the proteins from thermophilic sources. Here, we report our studies on the rubredoxin from the hyperthermophile Methanococcus jannaschii (T {sub opt} = 85 deg C), which was investigated in respect to its thermal unfolding kinetics by temperature jump experiments. Different spectroscopic probes were used to monitor distinct structural protein features during the thermal transition: the integrity of the iron-sulphur centre was monitored by visible absorption spectroscopy, whereas tertiary structure was followed by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence and exposure of protein hydrophobic patches was sensed by 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulphonate fluorescence. The studies were performed at acidic pH conditions in which any stabilising contributions from salt bridges are annulled due to protonation of protein side chain groups. In these conditions, M. jannaschii rubredoxin assumes a native-like, albeit more flexible and open conformation, as indicated by a red shift in the tryptophan emission maximum and 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulphonate binding. Temperature jumps were monitored by the three distinct techniques and showed that the protein undergoes thermal denaturation via a simple two step mechanism, as loss of tertiary structure, hydrophobic collapse, and disintegration of the iron-sulphur centre are concomitant processes. The proposed mechanism is framed with the multiphasic one proposed for Pyrococcus furiosus rubredoxin, showing that a common thermal unfolding mechanism is not observed between these two closely related thermophilic rubredoxins.

Henriques, Barbara J. [Instituto Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal); Saraiva, Ligia M. [Instituto Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal); Gomes, Claudio M. [Instituto Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal)]. E-mail: gomes@itqb.unl.pt

2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

16

Theoretical Simulations and Ultrafast Pump-probe Spectroscopy Experiments in Pigment-protein Photosynthetic Complexes  

SciTech Connect

Theoretical simulations and ultrafast pump-probe laser spectroscopy experiments were used to study photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes and antennae found in green sulfur bacteria such as Prosthecochloris aestuarii, Chloroflexus aurantiacus, and Chlorobium tepidum. The work focused on understanding structure-function relationships in energy transfer processes in these complexes through experiments and trying to model that data as we tested our theoretical assumptions with calculations. Theoretical exciton calculations on tubular pigment aggregates yield electronic absorption spectra that are superimpositions of linear J-aggregate spectra. The electronic spectroscopy of BChl c/d/e antennae in light harvesting chlorosomes from Chloroflexus aurantiacus differs considerably from J-aggregate spectra. Strong symmetry breaking is needed if we hope to simulate the absorption spectra of the BChl c antenna. The theory for simulating absorption difference spectra in strongly coupled photosynthetic antenna is described, first for a relatively simple heterodimer, then for the general N-pigment system. The theory is applied to the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) BChl a protein trimers from Prosthecochloris aestuarii and then compared with experimental low-temperature absorption difference spectra of FMO trimers from Chlorobium tepidum. Circular dichroism spectra of the FMO trimer are unusually sensitive to diagonal energy disorder. Substantial differences occur between CD spectra in exciton simulations performed with and without realistic inhomogeneous distribution functions for the input pigment diagonal energies. Anisotropic absorption difference spectroscopy measurements are less consistent with 21-pigment trimer simulations than 7-pigment monomer simulations which assume that the laser-prepared states are localized within a subunit of the trimer. Experimental anisotropies from real samples likely arise from statistical averaging over states with diagonal energies shifted by in homogeneous broadening and as such, are quite sensitive to diagonal energy disorder. The experimental anisotropies exhibit strong oscillations with {approximately}220 fs period for certain wavelengths in one-color absorption difference experiments. The oscillations only appear when the laser pulse spectrum overlaps both of the lowest-energy groups of exciton levels clustered near 815 and 825 nm. Results suggest that the oscillations stem from quantum beating between exciton levels, rather than from coherent nuclear motion.

Buck, D.R.

2000-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

17

THE HUYGENS DOPPLER WIND EXPERIMENT Titan Winds Derived from Probe Radio Frequency Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Doppler calibrations conducted with simulated Huygens signals uplinked from ground (Probe Relay Tests to the longer free-space propagation distance. Specific secondary science objectives of DWE include measurements

18

Probing dark energy and neutrino mass from upcoming lensing experiments of CMB and galaxies  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the synergy of the cosmic shear and CMB lensing experiments to simultaneously constrain the neutrino mass and dark energy properties. Taking fully account of the CMB lensing, cosmic shear, CMB anisotropies, and their cross correlation signals, we clarify a role of each signal, and investigate the extent to which the upcoming observations by a high-angular resolution experiment of CMB and deep galaxy imaging survey can tightly constrain the neutrino mass and dark energy equation-of-state parameters. Including the primary CMB information as a prior cosmological information, the Fisher analysis reveals that the time varying equation-of-state parameters, given by w(a) = w{sub 0}+w{sub a}(1?a), can be tightly constrained with the accuracies of 5% for w{sub 0} and 15% for w{sub a}, which are comparable to or even better than those of the stage-III type surveys neglecting the effect of massive neutrinos. In other words, including the neutrino mass in the parameter estimation would not drastically alter the figure-of-Merit estimates of dark energy parameters from the weak lensing measurements. For the neutrino mass, a clear signal for total neutrino mass with ? 0.1 eV can be detected with ? 2-? significance. The robustness and sensitivity of these results are checked in detail by allowing the setup of cosmic shear experiment to vary as a function of observation time or exposure time, showing that the improvement of the constraints very weakly depends on the survey parameters, and the results mentioned above are nearly optimal for the dark energy parameters and the neutrino mass.

Namikawa, Toshiya; Saito, Shun [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Taruya, Atsushi, E-mail: namikawa@utap.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: ssaito@astro.berkeley.edu, E-mail: ataruya@utap.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Research Center for the Early Universe, School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropy probe observations Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

anisotropies are significantly higher than... anisotropies of 2D and 3D ran- dom resistor networks, Labendz (1999) only observed dependence on models... , is better observed...

20

A 4 K cryogenic probe for use in magnetic resonance force microscopy experiments  

SciTech Connect

The detailed design of a mechanically detected nuclear magnetic resonance probe using the SPAM (Springiness Preservation by Aligning Magnetization) geometry, operating at 4 K, in vacuum, and a several-Tesla magnetic field is described. The probe head is vibration-isolated well enough from the environment by a three-spring suspension system that the cantilever achieves thermal equilibrium with the environment without the aid of eddy current damping. The probe uses an ultra-soft Si cantilever with a Ni sphere attached to its tip, and magnetic resonance is registered as a change in the resonant frequency of the driven cantilever. The RF system uses frequency sweeps for adiabatic rapid passage using a 500 ?m diameter RF coil wound around a sapphire rod. The RF coil and optical fiber of the interferometer used to sense the cantilever's position are both located with respect to the cantilever using a Garbini micropositioner, and the sample stage is mounted on an Attocube nanopositioner.

Smith, Doran D.; Alexson, Dimitri A. [U.S. Army Research Laboratory, 2800 Powder Mill Road, Adelphi, Maryland 20783 (United States)] [U.S. Army Research Laboratory, 2800 Powder Mill Road, Adelphi, Maryland 20783 (United States); Garbini, Joseph L. [Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Nutrient Amendments in Soil DNA Stable Isotope Probing Experiments Reduce the Observed Methanotroph Diversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...populations in the natural environment...organisms that drive biogeochemical...injected with a gas-tight syringe...was adjusted to natural moisture content...pure; Linde Gases). Soil slurries...consumption) by gas chromatography...CH4) for the natural moisture content...

Aurélie Cébron; Levente Bodrossy; Nancy Stralis-Pavese; Andrew C. Singer; Ian P. Thompson; James I. Prosser; J. Colin Murrell

2006-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

22

The waves observed in the ARAKS-East experiment  

SciTech Connect

Data obtained during the second launch of the ARAKS (02.15.1975) regarding wave measurements over a frequency range of 0.1-5.0 MHz, are analyzed and compared with data of the first launch. Results indicate that the difference was mainly attributable to a difference in the rocket flight trajectory planes, the first directed toward the magnetic North, and the second toward the magnetic East. The maximum whistler mode spectra was seen in the 650 kHz vicinity for the second launch, while 150 kHz were recorded during the first. The plasma mode frequency (East launch) showed average levels of signals at receiver input of 0.5-1 mV, which slightly exceeded the level of the plasma mode in the North launch (about 200 micron V). Bernstein modes spectra showed emissions in the vicinity of electron gyrofrequency harmonics which exceeded those of the local plasma frequency, and several phenomena have been observed during electron injection pauses correlated with electron gun operation.

Kushnerevskii, Iu.V.; Pulinets, S.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Spider Optimization: Probing the Systematics of a Large Scale B-Mode Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spider is a long-duration, balloon-borne polarimeter designed to measure large scale Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization with very high sensitivity and control of systematics. The instrument will map over half the sky with degree angular resolution in I, Q and U Stokes parameters, in four frequency bands from 96 to 275 GHz. Spider's ultimate goal is to detect the primordial gravity wave signal imprinted on the CMB B-mode polarization. One of the challenges in achieving this goal is the minimization of the contamination of B-modes by systematic effects. This paper explores a number of instrument systematics and observing strategies in order to optimize B-mode sensitivity. This is done by injecting realistic-amplitude, time-varying systematics in a set of simulated time-streams. Tests of the impact of detector noise characteristics, pointing jitter, payload pendulations, polarization angle offsets, beam systematics and receiver gain drifts are shown. Spider's default observing strategy is to spin continuously in azimuth, with polarization modulation achieved by either a rapidly spinning half-wave plate or a rapidly spinning gondola and a slowly stepped half-wave plate. Although the latter is more susceptible to systematics, results shown here indicate that either mode of operation can be used by Spider.

C. J. MacTavish; P. A. R. Ade; E. S. Battistelli; S. Benton; R. Bihary; J. J. Bock; J. R. Bond; J. Brevik; S. Bryan; C. R. Contaldi; B. P. Crill; O. Doré; L. Fissel; S. R. Golwala; M. Halpern; G. Hilton; W. Holmes; V. V. Hristov; K. Irwin; W. C. Jones; C. L. Kuo; A. E. Lange; C. Lawrie; T. G. Martin; P. Mason; T. E. Montroy; C. B. Netterfield; D. Riley; J. E. Ruhl; A. Trangsrud; C. Tucker; A. Turner; M. Viero; D. Wiebe

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Observer-based control of a tethered wing wind power system: indoor real-time experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observer-based control of a tethered wing wind power system: indoor real-time experiment Ahmad, a novel wind power system based on a tethered wing is presented. An observer-based control strategy WindPower, Joby energy [8] or Makani Power [9], is composed of one or several airborne wind turbines

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

Channel probe measurements for the American sector clutter experiment, January, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The ionospheric phenomenon called Equatorial Spread F encompasses a variety of effects associated with plasma irregularities occurring in the post-sunset and nighttime ionosphere near the magnetic equator. These irregularities can seriously degrade the performance of systems which involve either of necessity or inadvertently radio propagation through the equatorial ionosphere. One such system is Over-the-Horizon (OTH) radars which operate in the high-frequency (hf) band and use ionospheric reflection for forward and backscatter propagation to ranges of thousands of kilometers. When such radars are directed towards the equator, Spread F irregularities can cause scintillation effects which may be aliased into the ranges of interest and have the effect of causing, excess clutter in which targets may be hidden. In January, 1994 Los Alamos participated in a campaign to measure Spread F effects on OTH propagation from the United States looking towards South America in conjunction with local diagnostics in Peru. During the campaign Los Alamos fielded a 1600 km bistatic path between Piura, Peru, and Arequipa, Peru-, the one-hop reflection region for this path was near the magnetic equator, We obtained four types of measurements: an oblique ionogram between Piura and Arequipa every three minutes; Doppler spread and spatial correlation for a single frequency cw path between Piura and Arequipa; Doppler spread, time-delay spread, and spatial coherence for a 10 kHz bandwidth path between Piura and Arequipa-, and Doppler spread and time-delay spread for the one-way path between the AVA radar in New York and Arequipa, Peru. This report describes the diagnostic experiments that we carried out and gives a brief description of some of the data we obtained.

Fitzgerald, T.J.

1994-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

Measurements of hard probes of the quark-gluon plasma with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATLAS results on the production of high-transverse momentum probes in Pb+Pb and p+Pb collisions at the LHC are presented. The focus is on the jet measurements, which provide a useful tool to study the hot, dense and coloured matter created in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. The ATLAS experiment has measured inclusive jet yields in pp and Pb+Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV and in p+Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 5.02 TeV. The jet nuclear modification factor, RAA, is shown as a function of jet pT, rapidity and collision centrality. The RAA weakly increases with pT, shows no dependence on rapidity and smoothly decreases with the collision centrality. In 10% of the most central collisions, jet production is suppressed by a factor of two relative to pp yields scaled by the number of binary nucleonnucleon collisions. Charged-particle fragmentation functions of jets are also measured and ratios of fragmentation functions between di erent centrality intervals show a centrality-dependent modification. T...

Wosiek, B; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Experiments with probe masses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...generated by very high energy muons will pass through the mirror...much more frequent low-energy muons of cosmic origin. At the...experimentalist should expect ?20 muons per sec hitting the mirror (within the energy range 0.2 GeV < ?...

V. B. Braginsky

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Experiments with probe masses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...measure the PM kinetic energy with the error...Earth orbit. The solar light pressure force...acceleration. Both (A solar ) DC and (A solar ) AC have to be compensated...may be a serious obstacle along the route toward...generated by very high energy muons will pass through...

V. B. Braginsky

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Experiments with probe masses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and R. Weiss from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology...14 megaparsecs away from our solar system. Initially, LIGO was a project...along the Earth orbit. The solar light pressure force F solar produces a DC acceleration...

V. B. Braginsky

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Observation of photoassisted polarization switching in BiFeO3 thin films probed by terahertz radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radiation Kouhei Takahashi and Masayoshi Tonouchia Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan Received 16 October 2006; accepted 1 January 2007; published online film using terahertz radiation as the probe. The illumination of femtosecond laser pulses with a center

Tonouchi, Masayoshi

31

NASA Cold Land Processes Experiment (CLPX 2002/03): Local Scale Observation Site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The local scale observation site (LSOS) is the smallest study site (0.8 ha) of the 2002/03 Cold Land Processes Experiment (CLPX) and is located within the Fraser mesocell study area. It was the most intensively measured site of the CLPX, and ...

Janet Hardy; Robert Davis; Yeohoon Koh; Don Cline; Kelly Elder; Richard Armstrong; Hans-Peter Marshall; Thomas Painter; Gilles Castres Saint-Martin; Roger DeRoo; Kamal Sarabandi; Tobias Graf; Toshio Koike; Kyle McDonald

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Experiment Design and First Season Observations with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the instrumentation, experiment design and data reduction for the first season of observations with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer (DASI), a compact microwave interferometer designed to measure anisotropy in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) on degree and sub-degree scales (l=100--900). The telescope was deployed at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole research station during the 1999--2000 austral summer and conducted observations of the CMB throughout the following austral winter. In its first season of observations, DASI has mapped CMB fluctuations in 32 fields, each 3.4 deg across, with high sensitivity.

E. M. Leitch; C. Pryke; N. W. Halverson; J. Kovac; G. Davidson; S. LaRoque; E. Schartman; J. Yamasaki; J. E. Carlstrom; W. L. Holzapfel; M. Dragovan; J. K. Cartwright; B. S. Mason; S. Padin; T. J. Pearson; M. C. Shepherd; A. C. S. Readhead

2001-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

33

Discovery potential of xenon-based neutrinoless double beta decay experiments in light of small angular scale CMB observations  

SciTech Connect

The South Pole Telescope (SPT) has probed an expanded angular range of the CMB temperature power spectrum. Their recent analysis of the latest cosmological data prefers nonzero neutrino masses, with ?m{sub ?} = (0.32±0.11) eV. This result, if confirmed by the upcoming Planck data, has deep implications on the discovery of the nature of neutrinos. In particular, the values of the effective neutrino mass m{sub ??} involved in neutrinoless double beta decay (??0?) are severely constrained for both the direct and inverse hierarchy, making a discovery much more likely. In this paper, we focus in xenon-based ??0? experiments, on the double grounds of their good performance and the suitability of the technology to large-mass scaling. We show that the current generation, with effective masses in the range of 100 kg and conceivable exposures in the range of 500 kg·year, could already have a sizeable opportunity to observe ??0? events, and their combined discovery potential is quite large. The next generation, with an exposure in the range of 10 ton·year, would have a much more enhanced sensitivity, in particular due to the very low specific background that all the xenon technologies (liquid xenon, high-pressure xenon and xenon dissolved in liquid scintillator) can achieve. In addition, a high-pressure xenon gas TPC also features superb energy resolution. We show that such detector can fully explore the range of allowed effective Majorana masses, thus making a discovery very likely.

Gómez-Cadenas, J.J.; Martín-Albo, J.; Vidal, J. Muñoz; Peña-Garay, C., E-mail: gomez@mail.cern.ch, E-mail: jmalbos@ific.uv.es, E-mail: jmunoz@ific.uv.es, E-mail: penya@ific.uv.es [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC and Universitat de Valencia Calle Catedrático José Beltrán, 2, 46090 Paterna, Valencia (Spain)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

New phenomena observed by EISCAT during an RF ionospheric modification experiment  

SciTech Connect

An ionospheric RF-modification experiment was carried out using the MPI heating facility and the EISCAT 933-MHz incoherent scatter radar (ISR). The MPI heater was normally operated at 4.04 MHz and modulated 20-s on, 40-s off. The ISR observed waves propagating parallel to B0, and chirped as well as normal plasma line observations were performed. Heater-induced plasma lines were observed only in the first 10-s integration interval, indicating a strong overshoot. These lines are unusual in that multiple simultaneous lines were observed, normally originating within one kilometer of the critical region but sometimes from lower heights, and that the frequency of the most common line is offset some 250 kHz from the heating frequency, with the other lines occurring at greater frequency offsets. Ion power profile observations show the existence of a topside enhanced ion line at the critical density corresponding to the heater frequency. 9 refs.

Isham, B.; Hagfors, T.; Kofman, W.; Thide, B.; Nordling, J. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (USA) Centre d'Etudes des Phenomenes Aleatoires et Geophysiques, Saint-Martin-d'Heres (France) Institutet for Rymdfysik, Uppsala (Sweden))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Recent AGN Observations by the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE) is a ground?based atmospheric Cherenkov telescope for the detection of very high energy gamma rays from Galactic and extra?galactic sources. By utilizing the large collection area provided by the solar mirrors of the National Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque New Mexico STACEE achieves a low energy threshold around 100 GeV for the detection of gamma rays. We briefly describe the STACEE detector and detail recent observations of Active Galactic Nuclei.

J. Kildea; A. Alabiso; D. A. Bramel; J. Carson; C. E. Covault; D. Driscoll; P. Fortin; D. M. Gingrich; D. S. Hanna; A. Jarvis; T. Lindner; R. Mukherjee; C. Mueller; R. A. Ong; R. A. Scalzo; D. A. Williams; J. Zweerink

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Observations of small-scale plasma density depletions in arecibo HF heating experiments  

SciTech Connect

Observations of incoherent scattering of electromagnetic waves at UHF from Langmuir waves by a new scheme involving linear frequency modulation (chirping) of a UHF transmitter and the demodulation (dechirping) of the received signals have been applied during HF heating experiments. These observations show that the high power HF wave used for ionospheric modification creates small-scale plasma depletions instantly on a time scale of 5 ms. For a plasma frequency of 5.1 MHz, plasma frequency gradient of the order of 50 kHz/km, and power density input of the HF heater wave of 8.0 x 10/sup -5/ W/m/sup 2/ the depletion ranged from 3 to 5%. This appears to provide direct evidence that the HF-induced modifications involve Langmuir waves trapped in density cavities. copyrightAmerican Geophysical Union 1987

Isham, B.; Birkmayer, W.; Hagfors, T.; Kofman, W.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

New Revelation of Lightning Ball Observation and Proposal for a Nuclear Reactor Fusion Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the author brings further details regarding his Lightning Ball observation that were not mentioned in the first one (Ref.1-2). Additionally, he goes more into detail as the three forces that are necessary to allow the residual crescent form the hydrodynamic vortex ring to shrink into a sphere.Further topics are the similarities and analogies between the Lightning Ball formation's theory and the presently undertaken Tokamak-Stellarator-Spheromak fusion reactor experiments. A new theory and its experimental realisation are proposed as to make the shrinking of the hot plasma of reactors into a ball possible by means of the so called long range electromagnetic forces. In this way,the fusion ignition temperature could possibly atteined.

Tar, Domokos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Radial space potential measurements in the central cell of the tandem mirror experiment with a heavy-ion-beam probe  

SciTech Connect

Spatial and temporal profiles of the space potential in the central-cell midplane of TMX have been obtained with a heavy-ion-beam probe. The absolute accuracy of measurements is +- 25 volts (with respect to the machine vacuum walls) with a resolution of approx. 2 volts. During moderate fueling with the gas boxes (i/sub gas/ approx. = 1200 Atom-Amperes D/sub 2/), the plasma potential is parabolic to at least 25 cm radius, with phi/sub e/ approx. = phi/sub max/(1-(r/32)/sup 2/) and 300 < phi/sub max/ <450 volts. With puffer-valve fueling, the space potential is relatively flat to at least 27 cm radius, with 250 < phi/sub e/ < 350 volts.

Hallock, G.A.

1983-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

39

FIRST KECK NULLING OBSERVATIONS OF A YOUNG STELLAR OBJECT: PROBING THE CIRCUMSTELLAR ENVIRONMENT OF THE HERBIG Ae STAR MWC 325  

SciTech Connect

We present the first N-band nulling plus K- and L-band V{sup 2} observations of a young stellar object, MWC 325, taken with the 85 m baseline Keck Interferometer. The Keck nuller was designed for the study of faint dust signatures associated with debris disks, but it also has a unique capability for studying the temperature and density distribution of denser disks found around young stellar objects. Interferometric observations of MWC 325 at K, L, and N encompass a factor of five in spectral range and thus, especially when spectrally dispersed within each band, enable characterization of the structure of the inner disk regions where planets form. Fitting our observations with geometric models such as a uniform disk or a Gaussian disk show that the apparent size increases monotonically with wavelength in the 2-12 {mu}m wavelength region, confirming the widely held assumption based on radiative transfer models, now with spatially resolved measurements over a broad wavelength range, that disks are extended with a temperature gradient. The effective size is a factor of about 1.4 and 2.2 larger in the L band and N band, respectively, compared to that in the K band. The existing interferometric measurements and the spectral energy distribution can be reproduced by a flat disk or a weakly shadowed nearly flat disk model, with only slight flaring in the outer regions of the disk, consisting of representative 'sub-micron' (0.1 {mu}m) and 'micron' (2 {mu}m) grains of a 50:50 ratio of silicate and graphite. This is in marked contrast to the disks previously found in other Herbig Ae/Be stars, suggesting a wide variety in the disk properties among Herbig Ae/Be stars.

Ragland, S.; Hrynevich, M. [W. M. Keck Observatory, Kamuela, HI 96743 (United States); Ohnaka, K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Hillenbrand, L. [Astrophysics Department, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Ridgway, S. T. [National Optical Astronomy Observatories, Tucson, AZ 85726-6732 (United States); Colavita, M. M.; Traub, W. A. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena CA, 91109 (United States); Akeson, R. L.; Millan-Gabet, R. [NExScI, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Cotton, W. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903-2475 (United States); Danchi, W. C., E-mail: sragland@keck.hawaii.edu [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Exoplanets and Stellar Astrophysics, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

40

Direct Observation of Mass Transfer at Solid?Liquid Interface by Laser Flash Photolysis of the Interface Probe Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oscillations in transient absorbance kinetics are also observed, which can be attributed to the coupling between the interfacial chemical reactions and a photoacoustic effect; oscillation due to a single physical process arising from the schlieren effect under certain condition is also discussed. ... The monitoring light was from a 300 W cw Xenon?halogen lamp having a beam profile of ca. 1 cm in diameter. ... First, by applying intense sound fields direct effects of ultrasound on electrode surfaces such as depassivation and erosion can be induced in cavitation events, violent collapses of oscillating bubbles. ...

Yu-Xiang Weng; Hong Xiao; Kwok-Chu Chan; Chi-Ming Che

2000-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Probing the Climatological Impact of a Cosmic Ray-Cloud Connection through Low-Frequency Radio Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been proposed that cosmic ray events could have a causal relationship with cloud formation rates. Given the weak constraints on the role that cloud formation plays in climate forcing it is essential to understand the role such a relationship could have in shaping the Earth's climate. This issue has been previously investigated in the context of the long-term effect of cosmic ray events on climate. However, in order to establish whether or not such a relationship exists, measurements of short-timescale solar events, individual cosmic ray events, and spatially correlated cloud parameters could be of great significance. Here we propose such a comparison using observations from a pair of radio telescopes arrays, the Long Wavelength Array (LWA) and the Eight-meter-wavelength Transient Array (ETA). These low-frequency radio arrays have a unique ability to simultaneously conduct solar, ionospheric and cosmic rays observations and are thus ideal for such a comparison. We will outline plans for a comparison usi...

Magee, Nathan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Recognition of micro-scale deformation structures in glacial sediments pattern perception, observer bias and the influence of experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recognition of micro-scale deformation structures in glacial sediments ­ pattern perception structures in glacial sediments ­ pattern perception, observer bias and the influence of experience. Boreas is the micromor- phology of glacial sediments. In this paper we investigate the role of an analyst's experience

Weidemann, Christoph

43

Very high-energy observations of the Crab nebula with the GRAAL experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ``Gamma Ray Astronomy at ALmeria'' (GRAAL) experiment uses 63 heliostat-mirrors with a total mirror area of ~ 2500 m2 from the CESA-1 field to collect Cherenkov light from airshowers. The detector is located in a central solar tower and detects photon-induced showers with an energy threshold of 250 +- 110 GeV and an asymptotic effective detection area of about 15000 m2. Data sets taken in the period September 1999 - September 2000 in the direction of the Crab pulsar were analysed for high energy gamma-ray emission. Evidence for gamma-ray flux from the Crab pulsar with an integral flux of 2.2 +- 0.4 (stat) $^{+1.9}_{-1.5}$ (syst) x 10$^{-9}$ cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ above threshold and a significance of 4.5 sigma in a total (usable) observing time of 7 hours and 10 minutes on source was found. No evidence for emission from the other sources was seen. The effect of field-of-view restricted to the central part of a detected airshower on the lateral distribution and timing properties of Cherenkov light and their ef...

Arqueros, F; Berenguel, M; Borque, D M; Camacho, E F; Díaz, M; Enriquez, R P; Gebauer, H J; Plaga, R

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Very high-energy observations of the Crab nebula with the GRAAL experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ``Gamma Ray Astronomy at ALmeria'' (GRAAL) experiment uses 63 heliostat-mirrors with a total mirror area of ~ 2500 m2 from the CESA-1 field to collect Cherenkov light from airshowers. The detector is located in a central solar tower and detects photon-induced showers with an energy threshold of 250 +- 110 GeV and an asymptotic effective detection area of about 15000 m2. Data sets taken in the period September 1999 - September 2000 in the direction of the Crab pulsar were analysed for high energy gamma-ray emission. Evidence for gamma-ray flux from the Crab pulsar with an integral flux of 2.2 +- 0.4 (stat) $^{+1.9}_{-1.5}$ (syst) x 10$^{-9}$ cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ above threshold and a significance of 4.5 sigma in a total (usable) observing time of 7 hours and 10 minutes on source was found. No evidence for emission from the other sources was seen. The effect of field-of-view restricted to the central part of a detected airshower on the lateral distribution and timing properties of Cherenkov light and their effect on an efficient gamma-hadron separation are discussed.

F. Arqueros; J. Ballestrin; M. Berenguel; D. M. Borque; E. F. Camacho; M. Diaz; R. Enriquez; H. -J. Gebauer; R. Plaga

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

45

Probing the Quark-Gluon Phase Transition with Correlations and Fluctuations in Heavy Ion Collisions from the STAR Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The measurement of particle correlations and fluctuations has been suggested as a method to search for the existence of a phase transition in relativistic heavy ion collisions. If quark-gluon matter is formed in the collision of relativistic heavy ions, measuring these correlations could lead to a determination of the presence of partonic degrees of freedom within the collision. Additionally, non-statistical fluctuations in global quantities such as baryon number, strangeness, or charge may be observed near a QCD critical point. Results for short and long-range multiplicity correlations (forward-backward) are presented for several systems (Au+Au and Cu+Cu) and energies (e.g. $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200, 62.4, and 22.4 GeV). For the highest energy central A+A collisions, the correlation strength maintains a constant value across the measurement region. In peripheral collisions, at lower energies, and in pp data, the maximum appears at midrapidity. Comparison to models with short-range (HIJING) and both short and long-range interactions (Parton String Model) do not fully reproduce central Au+Au data. Preliminary results for K/$\\pi$ fluctuations are also shown as a function of centrality in Cu+Cu collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 22.4 GeV.

Terence J. Tarnowsky; for the STAR Collaboration

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

46

Chemical behavior of the tropopause observed during the Stratosphere-Troposphere Analyses of Regional Transport experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Regional Transport experiment L. L. Pan,1 K. P. Bowman,2 M. Shapiro,3,4 W. J. Randel,1 R. S. Gao,5 T. Campos,1 C. Davis,1 S. Schauffler,1 B. A. Ridley,1 J. C. Wei,6 and C. Barnet7 Received 9 March 2007

Pan, Laura

47

An Ocean Observing and Prediction Experiment in Prince William Sound, Alaska  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The observing and forecasting conditions of coastal oceans in Alaska is technically challenging because of the mountainous terrain, the notoriously stormy seas, and a complex hydrological system of freshwater from rivers and glaciers. The Alaska Ocean ...

G. Carl Schoch; Yi Chao; Francois Colas; John Farrara; Molly McCammon; Peter Olsson; Gaurav Singhal

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Very highenergy ray observations of the Crab nebula and other potential sources with the GRAAL experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ``Gamma Ray Astronomy at ALmerâ??�a'' (GRAAL) experiment uses 63 heliostat­mirrors with a total mirror area of an existing tower solar­power plant for this purpose. 2 The GRAAL detector CESA­1 is a heliostat field, 2 Ã? .360 W) at a height a.s.l. of 505 m. The 63 heliostats used for GRAAL have a mirror area of 39

49

Inversion Skill for LimitedArea Shelf Modeling --Observational System Simulation Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­scale climatology serves as Truth for the sampling and for the skill assessment. The simulation model is 3­D Truth to within observational error at the data points, within them, and shoreward from them. Skill estimation and forecasting, with many consequences. Significant practical progress has been made. Here we

50

A way forward in the study of the symmetry energy: experiment, theory, and observation  

SciTech Connect

The symmetry energy describes how the energy of nuclear matter rises as one goes away from equal numbers of neutrons and protons. This is very important to describe neutron rich matter in astrophysics. This article reviews our knowledge of the symmetry energy from theoretical calculations, nuclear structure measurements, heavy ion collisions, and astronomical observations. We then present a roadmap to make progress in areas of relevance to the symmetry energy that promotes collaboration between astrophysics and the nuclear physics communities.

Horowitz, Charles; Brown, E F.; Kim, Y.; Lynch, W G.; Michaels, Robert; Ono, A.; Piekarewicz, Jorge; Tsang, M B.; Wolter, H H.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

High Energy Gamma-Ray Observations of the Crab Nebula and Pulsar with the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE) is a new ground-based atmospheric Cherenkov telescope for gamma-ray astronomy. STACEE uses the large mirror area of a solar heliostat facility to achieve a low energy threshold. A prototype experiment which uses 32 heliostat mirrors with a total mirror area of ~ 1200\\unit{m^2} has been constructed. This prototype, called STACEE-32, was used to search for high energy gamma-ray emission from the Crab Nebula and Pulsar. Observations taken between November 1998 and February 1999 yield a strong statistical excess of gamma-like events from the Crab, with a significance of $+6.75\\sigma$ in 43 hours of on-source observing time. No evidence for pulsed emission from the Crab Pulsar was found, and the upper limit on the pulsed fraction of the observed excess was E_{th}) = (2.2 \\pm 0.6 \\pm 0.2) \\times 10^{-10}\\unit{photons cm^{-2} s^{-1}}. The observed flux is in agreement with a continuation to lower energies of the power law spectrum seen at TeV energies.

STACEE Collaboration; S. Oser; D. Bhattacharya; L. M. Boone; M. C. Chantell; Z. Conner; C. E. Covault; M. Dragovan; P. Fortin; D. T. Gregorich; D. S. Hanna; R. Mukherjee; R. A. Ong; K. Ragan; R. A. Scalzo; D. R. Schuette; C. G. Theoret; T. O. Tumer; D. A. Williams; J. A. Zweerink

2000-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

52

Observations of the Pulsar PSR B1951+32 with the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the analysis and results of 12.5 hours of high-energy gamma-ray observations of the EGRET-detected pulsar PSR B1951+32 using the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE). STACEE is an atmospheric Cherenkov detector, in Albuquerque, New Mexico, that detects cosmic gamma rays using the shower-front-sampling technique. STACEE's sensitivity to astrophysical sources at energies around 100 GeV allows it to investigate emission from gamma-ray pulsars with expected pulsed emission cutoffs below 100 GeV. We discuss the observations and analysis of STACEE's PSR 1951+32 data, accumulated during the 2005 and 2006 observing seasons.

J. Kildea; J. Zweerink; J. Ball; J. E. Carson; C. E. Covault; D. D. Driscoll; P. Fortin; D. M. Gingrich; D. S. Hanna; A. Jarvis; T. Lindner; C. Mueller; R. Mukherjee; R. A. Ong; K. Ragan; D. A. Williams

2007-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

53

Observations of the Pulsar PSR B1951+32 with the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the analysis and results of 12.5 hours of high-energy gamma-ray observations of the EGRET-detected pulsar PSR B1951+32 using the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE). STACEE is an atmospheric Cherenkov detector, in Albuquerque, New Mexico, that detects cosmic gamma rays using the shower-front-sampling technique. STACEE's sensitivity to astrophysical sources at energies around 100 GeV allows it to investigate emission from gamma-ray pulsars with expected pulsed emission cutoffs below 100 GeV. We discuss the observations and analysis of STACEE's PSR 1951+32 data, accumulated during the 2005 and 2006 observing seasons.

Kildea, J; Ball, J; Carson, J E; Covault, C E; Driscoll, D D; Fortin, P; Gingrich, D M; Hanna, D S; Jarvis, A; Lindner, T; Müller, C; Mukherjee, R; Ong, R A; Ragan, K; Williams, D A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Precipitation and soil impacts on partitioning of subsurface moisture in Avena barbata: Observations from a greenhouse experiment  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this study was to assess the impact of two grassland soils and precipitation regimes on soil-moisture dynamics. We set up an experiment in a greenhouse, and monitored soil moisture dynamics in mesocosms planted with Avena barbata, an annual species found in California grasslands. By repeating the precipitation input at regular intervals, we were able to observe plant manipulation of soil moisture during well-defined periods during the growing season. We found that the amount of water partitioned to evapotranspiration, seepage, and soil storage varied among different growth stages. Further, both soil type and precipitation regimes had a significant impact on redistributing soil moisture. Whereas in the low-precipitation treatments most water was released to the atmosphere as evapotranspiration, major losses from the high-precipitation treatment occurred as gravity drainage. Observations from this study emphasize the importance of understanding intra-seasonal relationships between vegetation, soil, and water.

Salve, R.; Torn, M.S.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Experiences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiences Experiences with 100Gbps Network Applications Mehmet Balman, Eric Pouyoul, Yushu Yao, E. Wes Bethel Burlen Loring, Prabhat, John Shalf, Alex Sim, and Brian L. Tierney Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA {mbalman,epouyoul,yyao,ewbethel,bloring,prabhat,jshalf,asim,btierney}@lbl.gov ABSTRACT 100Gbps networking has finally arrived, and many research and educational institutions have begun to deploy 100Gbps routers and services. ESnet and Internet2 worked together to make 100Gbps networks available to researchers at the Supercomputing 2011 con- ference in Seattle Washington. In this paper, we describe two of the first applications to take advantage of this network. We demon- strate a visualization application that enables remotely located sci- entists to gain insights from large datasets. We also demonstrate climate

56

Two-dimensional Vortex Behavior in Highly Underdoped YBa2Cu3O6 x Observed by Scanning Hall Probe Microscopy  

SciTech Connect

We report scanning Hall probe microscopy of highly underdoped superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} with T{sub c} ranging from 5 to 15 K which showed distinct flux bundles with less than one superconducting flux quantum ({Iota}{sub 0}) through the sample surface. The sub-{Iota}{sub 0} features occurred more frequently for lower T{sub c}, were more mobile than conventional vortices, and occurred more readily when the sample was cooled with an in-plane field component. We show that these features are consistent with kinked stacks of pancake vortices.

Guikema, J.W.

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

57

Two-dimensional Vortex Behavior in Highly Underdoped YBa_2Cu_3O_{6+x} Observed byScanning Hall Probe Microscopy  

SciTech Connect

We report scanning Hall probe microscopy of highly underdoped superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+z} with T{sub c} ranging from 5 to 15 K which showed distinct flux bundles with less than one superconducting flux quantum ({Phi}{sub 0}) through the sample surface. The sub-{Phi}{sub 0} features occurred more frequently for lower T{sub c}, were more mobile than conventional vortices, and occurred more readily when the sample was cooled with an in-plane field component. We show that these features are consistent with kinked stacks of pancake vortices.

Guikema, J.W.; Bluhm, Hendrik; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.; Bonn, D.A.; Liang, Ruixing; Hardy, W.N.; /British Columbia U.; Moler, K.A.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

58

Atom Probe Tomography | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atom Probe Tomography Atom Probe Tomography The LEAP 4000 XHR local electrode atom probe tomography instrument enabled the first-ever comprehensive and accurate 3-D chemical...

59

AMIE (ARM MJO Investigation Experiment): Observations of the Madden-Julian Oscillation for Modeling Studies Science Plan  

SciTech Connect

Deep convection in the tropics plays an important role in driving global circulations and the transport of energy from the tropics to the mid-latitudes. Understanding the mechanisms that control tropical convection is a key to improving climate modeling simulations of the global energy balance. One of the dominant sources of tropical convective variability is the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), which has a period of approximately 30–60 days. There is no agreed-upon explanation for the underlying physics that maintain the MJO. Many climate models do not show well-defined MJO signals, and those that do have problems accurately simulating the amplitude, propagation speed, and/or seasonality of the MJO signal. Therefore, the MJO is a very important modeling target for the ARM modeling community geared specifically toward improving climate models. The ARM MJO Investigation Experiment (AMIE) period coincides with a large international MJO initiation field campaign called CINDY2011 (Cooperative Indian Ocean experiment on intraseasonal variability in the Year 2011) that will take place in and around the Indian Ocean from October 2011 to January 2012. AMIE, in conjunction with CINDY2011 efforts, will provide an unprecedented data set that will allow investigation of the evolution of convection within the framework of the MJO. AMIE observations will also complement the long-term MJO statistics produced using ARM Manus data and will allow testing of several of the current hypotheses related to the MJO phenomenon. Taking advantage of the expected deployment of a C-POL scanning precipitation radar and an ECOR surface flux tower at the ARM Manus site, we propose to increase the number of sonde launches to eight per day starting in about mid-October of the field experiment year, which is climatologically a period of generally suppressed conditions at Manus and just prior to the climatologically strongest MJO period. The field experiment will last until the end of the MJO season (typically March), affording the documentation of conditions before, during, and after the peak MJO season. The increased frequency of sonde launches throughout the experimental period will provide better diurnal understanding of the thermodynamic profiles, and thus a better representation within the variational analysis data set. Finally, a small surface radiation and ceilometer system will be deployed at the PNG Lombrum Naval Base about 6 km away from the ARM Manus site in order to provide some documentation of scale variability with respect to the representativeness of the ARM measurements.

Long, C; Del Genio, A; Gustafson, W; Houze, R; Jakob, C; Jensen, M; Klein, S; Leung, L Ruby; Liu, X; Luke, E; May, P; McFarlane, S; Minnis, P; Schumacher, C; Vogelmann, A; Wang, Y; Wu, X; Xie, S

2010-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

60

Probing First Galaxies and Their Impact on the Intergalactic Medium through the 21-cm Observation of the Cosmic Dawn with the SKA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an overview of the theory of high-redshift star and X-ray source formation, and how they affect the 21-cm background. Primary focus is given to Lyman alpha pumping and X-ray heating mechanisms at cosmic dawn, opening a new observational window for high-redshift astrophysics by generating sizable fluctuations in the 21-cm background. We describe observational prospects for power spectrum analysis and 3D tomography (imaging) of the signature of these early astrophysical sources by SKA1-LOW and SKA2.

Ahn, Kyungjin; Alvarez, Marcelo A; Chen, Xuelei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Near-Infrared [Fe II] and H2 Line Observations of the Supernova Remnant 3C 396: Probing the Pre-supernova Circumstellar Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of near-infrared [Fe II] and H2 line imaging and spectroscopic observations of the supernova remnant 3C 396 using the Palomar 5 m Hale telescope. We detect long, filamentary [Fe II] emission delineating the inner edge of the radio emission in the western boundary of the remnant in imaging observations, together with a bright [Fe II] emission clump close to the remnant center. There appears to be faint, diffuse [Fe II] emission between the central clump and the western filamentary emission. The spectroscopic observations determine the expansion velocity of the central clump to be ~56 km/s. This is far smaller than the expansion velocity of 3C 396 obtained from X-ray observations, implying the inhomogeneity of the ambient medium. The electron number density of the [Fe II] emission gas is < 2,000 cm-3. The H2 line emission, on the other hand, lies slightly outside the filamentary [Fe II] emission in the western boundary, and forms a rather straight filament. We suggest that the [Fe II] ...

Lee, Ho-Gyu; Koo, Bon-Chul; Lee, Jae-Joon; Matthews, Keith

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Near-Infrared [Fe II] and H2 Line Observations of the Supernova Remnant 3C 396: Probing the Pre-supernova Circumstellar Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of near-infrared [Fe II] and H2 line imaging and spectroscopic observations of the supernova remnant 3C 396 using the Palomar 5 m Hale telescope. We detect long, filamentary [Fe II] emission delineating the inner edge of the radio emission in the western boundary of the remnant in imaging observations, together with a bright [Fe II] emission clump close to the remnant center. There appears to be faint, diffuse [Fe II] emission between the central clump and the western filamentary emission. The spectroscopic observations determine the expansion velocity of the central clump to be ~56 km/s. This is far smaller than the expansion velocity of 3C 396 obtained from X-ray observations, implying the inhomogeneity of the ambient medium. The electron number density of the [Fe II] emission gas is < 2,000 cm-3. The H2 line emission, on the other hand, lies slightly outside the filamentary [Fe II] emission in the western boundary, and forms a rather straight filament. We suggest that the [Fe II] emission represents dense clumps in the wind material from the red supergiant phase of a Type IIL/b progenitor of 3C 396 which have been swept up by the supernova remnant shocks. The H2 emission may represent either the boundary of a wind bubble produced during the main-sequence phase of the progenitor or molecular clumps left over inside the bubble. We propose that the near-infrared [Fe II] and H2 emission observed in several supernova remnants of Type IIL/b SNe likely has the same origin.

Ho-Gyu Lee; Dae-Sik Moon; Bon-Chul Koo; Jae-Joon Lee; Keith Matthews

2008-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

63

Chemistry: Mechanism and Experiment - Combustion Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemistry: Mechanism and Experiment Chemistry: Mechanism and Experiment The Mechanism and Experiment DWG uses an array of advanced experimental apparatus to probe the combustion...

64

INNOVATIVE EDDY CURRENT PROBE FOR MICRO DEFECTS  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports the development of an innovative eddy current (EC) probe, and its application to micro-defects on the root of the Friction Stir Welding (FSW). The new EC probe presents innovative concept issues, allowing 3D induced current in the material, and a lift-off independence. Validation experiments were performed on aluminium alloys processed by FSW. The results clearly show that the new EC probe is able to detect and sizing surface defects about 60 microns depth.

Santos, Telmo G.; Vilaca, Pedro; Quintino, Luisa [IDMEC, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal); Santos, Jorge dos [GKSS, Max-Planck-Street 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany); Rosado, Luis [IST, UTL, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

65

Electromagnetic Probes in PHENIX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic probes are arguably the most universal tools to study the different physics processes in high energy hadron and heavy ion collisions. In this paper we summarize recent measurements of real and virtual direct photons at central rapidity by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC in p+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions. We also discuss the impact of the results and the constraints they put on theoretical models. At the end we report on the immediate as well as on the mid-term future of photon measurements at RHIC.

Gabor David

2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

66

PROBING THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM OF z {approx} 1 ULTRALUMINOUS INFRARED GALAXIES THROUGH INTERFEROMETRIC OBSERVATIONS OF CO AND SPITZER MID-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY  

SciTech Connect

We explore the relationship between gas, dust, and star formation in a sample of 12 ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs) at high-redshift compared to a similar sample of local galaxies. We present new CO observations and/or Spitzer mid-IR spectroscopy for six 70 {mu}m selected galaxies at z {approx} 1 in order to quantify the properties of the molecular gas reservoir, the contribution of an active galactic nucleus (AGN) to the mid-IR luminosity, and the star formation efficiency (SFE = L{sub IR}/L{sup '}{sub CO}). The mid-IR spectra show strong polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission, and our spectral decomposition suggests that the AGN makes a minimal contribution (<25%) to the mid-IR luminosity. The 70 {mu}m selected ULIRGs, which we find to be spectroscopic close pairs, are observed to have high SFE, similar to local ULIRGs and high-redshift submillimeter galaxies, consistent with enhanced IR luminosity due to an ongoing major merger. Combined with existing observations of local and high-redshift ULIRGs, we further compare the PAH, IR, and CO luminosities. We show that the ratio L{sub PAH,6.2}/L{sub IR} decreases with increasing IR luminosity for both local and high-redshift galaxies, but the trend for high-redshift galaxies is shifted to higher IR luminosities; the average L{sub PAH,6.2}/L{sub IR} ratio at a given L{sub IR} is {approx}3 times higher at high-redshift. When we normalize by the molecular gas, we find this trend to be uniform for galaxies at all redshifts and that the molecular gas is correlated with the PAH dust emission. The similar trends seen in the [C II] to molecular gas ratios in other studies suggests that PAH emission, like [C II], continues to be a good tracer of photodissociation regions even at high-redshift. Together the CO, PAH, and far-IR fine structure lines should be useful for constraining the interstellar medium conditions in high-redshift galaxies.

Pope, Alexandra; Kirkpatrick, Allison [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Wagg, Jeff [European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago (Chile); Frayer, David [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 2, Green Bank, WV 24944 (United States); Armus, Lee; Chary, Ranga-Ram; Desai, Vandana [Spitzer Science Center, MS 220-6, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Daddi, Emanuele; Elbaz, David; Gabor, Jared [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot, DAPNIA/Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Dickinson, Mark E., E-mail: pope@astro.umass.edu [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Explaining the observed long coherence effects by 2D photon echo experiments in photosynthetic EET : Two-Component Phonon Spectrum model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a simple stochastic model which successfully explains the long coherence effects observed in photosynthetic Excitation Energy Transport (EET) by 2D photon echo experiments of G. S. Engel et. al. (Nature, {\\bf 446} 782, (2007)). Our Two-Component Phonon Spectrum (TCPS) model is based upon the division of phonon degrees of freedom into a systematic component which is treated through polaron transformation and a stochastic component which is treated through dynamical disorder. This model successfully explains the observed long coherence upto $ \\sim 600 fsec$ in EET experiments.

Singh, Navinder; Amritkar, R E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Regional-scale chemical transport modeling in support of the analysis of observations obtained during the TRACE-P experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during the TRACE-P experiment G. R. Carmichael,1 Y. Tang,1 G. Kurata,3 I. Uno,2 D. Streets,4 J.-H. Woo,1 H. Huang,1 J. Yienger,1 B. Lefer,5 R. Shetter,5 D. Blake,6 E. Atlas,5 A. Fried,5 E. Apel,5 F. Eisele the TRACE-P experiment is used to evaluate how well the CFORS/STEM-2K1 regional-scale chemical transport

Clarke, Antony

69

Hydrodynamic ultrasonic probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved probe for in-service ultrasonic inspection of long lengths of a workpiece, such as small diameter tubing from the interior. The improved probe utilizes a conventional transducer or transducers configured to inspect the tubing for flaws and/or wall thickness variations. The probe utilizes a hydraulic technique, in place of the conventional mechanical guides or bushings, which allows the probe to move rectilinearly or rotationally while preventing cocking thereof in the tube and provides damping vibration of the probe. The probe thus has lower friction and higher inspection speed than presently known probes.

Day, Robert A. (Livermore, CA); Conti, Armond E. (San Jose, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Very high-energy c-ray observations of the Crab nebula and other potential sources with the GRAAL experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Almeria'' (GRAAL) experiment uses 63 heliostat-mirrors with a total mirror area of %2500 m2 from the CESA of heliostat fields for c-ray astronomy are pointed out. In particular the effect of field- of-view restricted-rays from cosmic sources. In addition some gen- eral lessons we learnt about the heliostat-field approach

71

An Observing System Simulation Experiment for the Unmanned Aircraft System Data Impact on Tropical Cyclone Track Forecasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-altitude, long-endurance unmanned aircraft systems (HALE UAS) are capable of extended flights for atmospheric sampling. A case study was conducted to evaluate the potential impact of dropwindsonde observations from HALE UAS on tropical ...

N. C. Privé; Yuanfu Xie; Steven Koch; Robert Atlas; Sharanya J. Majumdar; Ross N. Hoffman

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Probing Dark Energy with Theory and Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dark energy) before, what really changed everything was the discoveryDiscoveries of Type Ia Super- novae at z > 1: Narrowing Constraints on the Early Behavior of Dark Energy.of Dark Energy . . . 1.2 Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . .

de Putter, Roland

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Probing Dark Energy with Theory and Observations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The discovery of cosmic acceleration twelve years ago impliesthat our universe is dominated bydark energy, which is either a tiny cosmological constantor a mysterious fluid… (more)

de Putter, Roland

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Probing Dark Energy with Theory and Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wyder. The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Direct constraints onsensitivities of dark energy surveys. Phys.Rev.D, 73(8):A Galaxy Redshift Survey Measure Dark Energy Clus- tering?

de Putter, Roland

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Trapping and Probing Antihydrogen  

SciTech Connect

Precision spectroscopy of antihydrogen is a promising path to sensitive tests of CPT symmetry. The most direct route to achieve this goal is to create and probe antihydrogen in a magnetic minimum trap. Antihydrogen has been synthesized and trapped for 1000s at CERN by the ALPHA Collaboration. Some of the challenges associated with achieving these milestones will be discussed, including mixing cryogenic positron and antiproton plasmas to synthesize antihydrogen with kinetic energy less than the trap potential of .5K. Recent experiments in which hyperfine transitions were resonantly induced with microwaves will be presented. The opportunity for gravitational measurements in traps based on detailed studies of antihydrogen dynamics will be described. The talk will conclude with a discussion future antihydrogen research that will use a new experimental apparatus, ALPHA-I.

Wurtele, Jonathan [UC Berkeley and LBNL

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

76

Observations of Large Scale Sidereal Anisotropy in 1 and 11 TeV cosmic rays from the MINOS experiment  

SciTech Connect

The MINOS Near and Far Detectors are two large, functionally-identical, steel-scintillating sampling calorimeters located at depths of 220 mwe and 2100 mwe respectively. The detectors observe the muon component of hadronic showers produced from cosmic ray interactions with nuclei in the earth's atmosphere. From the arrival direction of these muons, the anisotropy in arrival direction of the cosmic ray primaries can be determined. The MINOS Near and Far Detector have observed anisotropy on the order of 0.1% at 1 and 11 TeV respectively. The amplitude and phase of the first harmonic at 1 TeV are 8.2 {+-} 1.7(stat.) x 10{sup -4} and (8.9 {+-} 12.1(stat.)){sup o}, and at 11 TeV are 3.8 {+-} 0.5(stat.) x 10{sup -4} and (27.2 {+-} 7.2(stat.)){sup o}.

de Jong, J.K.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

MagLab Audio Dictionary: Probe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probe? Now Playing: What's a Probe? Enable Javascript and Flash to stream the Magnet Minute Greg Boebinger Associated Links Meet the Probes What's a Probe? Probe Development for...

78

Very high-energy gamma-ray observations of the Crab nebula and other potential sources with the GRAAL experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ``Gamma Ray Astronomy at ALmeria'' (GRAAL) experiment uses 63 heliostat-mirrors with a total mirror area of ~ 2500 m2 from the CESA-1 field at the ``Plataforma Solar de Almeria'' (PSA) to collect Cherenkov light from air showers. The detector is located in a central solar tower and detects photon-induced showers with an energy threshold of 250 +- 110 GeV and an asymptotic effective detection area of about 15000 m2. A comparison between the results of detailed Monte-Carlo simulations and data is presented. Data sets taken in the period September 1999 - September 2000 in the direction of the Crab pulsar, the active galaxy 3C 454.3, the unidentified gamma-ray source 3EG 1835+35 and a ``pseudo source'' were analyzed for high energy gamma-ray emission.Evidence for a gamma-ray flux from the Crab pulsar with an integral flux of 2.2 +- 0.4 (stat) ^+1.7_-1.3 (syst) x 10^-9 cm^-2 sec^-1 above threshold and a significance of 4.5 sigma in a total measuring time of 7 hours and 10 minutes on source was found. No eviden...

Arqueros, F; Berenguel, M; Borque, D M; Camacho, E F; Díaz, M; Gebauer, H J; Enriquez, R P; Plaga, R

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Very high-energy gamma-ray observations of the Crab nebula and other potential sources with the GRAAL experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ``Gamma Ray Astronomy at ALmeria'' (GRAAL) experiment uses 63 heliostat-mirrors with a total mirror area of ~ 2500 m2 from the CESA-1 field at the ``Plataforma Solar de Almeria'' (PSA) to collect Cherenkov light from air showers. The detector is located in a central solar tower and detects photon-induced showers with an energy threshold of 250 +- 110 GeV and an asymptotic effective detection area of about 15000 m2. A comparison between the results of detailed Monte-Carlo simulations and data is presented. Data sets taken in the period September 1999 - September 2000 in the direction of the Crab pulsar, the active galaxy 3C 454.3, the unidentified gamma-ray source 3EG 1835+35 and a ``pseudo source'' were analyzed for high energy gamma-ray emission.Evidence for a gamma-ray flux from the Crab pulsar with an integral flux of 2.2 +- 0.4 (stat) ^+1.7_-1.3 (syst) x 10^-9 cm^-2 sec^-1 above threshold and a significance of 4.5 sigma in a total measuring time of 7 hours and 10 minutes on source was found. No evidence for emission from the other sources was found. Some difficulties with the use of heliostat fields for gamma-ray astronomy are pointed out. In particular the effect of field-of-view restricted to the central part of a detected air shower on the lateral distribution and timing properties of Cherenkov light are discussed. Upon restriction the spread of the timing front of proton induced showers sharply decreases and the reconstructed direction becomes biased towards the pointing direction. This is shown to make efficient gamma-hadron separation difficult.

F. Arqueros; J. Ballestrin; M. Berenguel; D. M. Borque; E. F. Camacho; M. Diaz; H. -J. Gebauer; R. Enriquez; R. Plaga

2001-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

80

Hanford prototype corrosion probe operational experience  

SciTech Connect

High-level nuclear wastes at the Hanford Site are stored underground in carbon steel double-shell and single-shell tanks. The installation of a prototype corrosion monitoring system into double- shell tank 241-AZ-101 was completed in August, 1996. The system monitors fluctuations in corrosion current and potential (electrochemical noise) occurring on three electrode arrays immersed in the waste liquid and in the vapor space above the waste. The system also supports the use of Tafel and linear polarization resistance testing. By monitoring and analyzing the data from these techniques, changes; in the corrosive characteristics of the waste have been rapidly detected and correlated with operational changes in the tank.

Edgemon, G.L.

1996-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Hanford prototype corrosion probe operational experience  

SciTech Connect

High-level nuclear wastes at the Hanford Site are stored underground in carbon steel double-shell and single-shell tanks. The installation of a prototype corrosion monitoring system into double-shell tank 241-AZ-101 was completed in August, 1996. The system monitors fluctuations in corrosion current and potential (electrochemical noise) occurring on three electrode arrays immersed in the waste liquid and in the vapor space above the waste. The system also supports the use of Tafel and linear polarization resistance testing. By monitoring and analyzing the data from these techniques, changes in the corrosive characteristics of the waste have been rapidly detected and correlated with operational changes in the tank.

Edgemon, G.L.; Nelson, J.L.; Ohl, P.C. [Lockheed Martin Hanford Corp., Richland, WA (United States); Bell, G.E.C. [M.J. Schiff and Associates, Inc., Claremont, CA (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Individual quantum probes for optimal thermometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The unknown temperature of a sample may be estimated with minimal disturbance by putting it in thermal contact with an individual quantum probe. If the interaction time is sufficiently long so that the probe thermalizes, the temperature can be read out directly from its steady state. Here we prove that the optimal quantum probe, acting as a thermometer with maximal thermal sensitivity, is an effective two-level atom with a maximally degenerate excited state. When the total interaction time is insufficient to produce full thermalization, we optimize the estimation protocol by breaking it down into sequential stages of probe preparation, thermal contact and measurement. We observe that frequently interrogated probes initialized in the ground state achieve the best performance. For both fully and partly thermalized thermometers, the sensitivity grows significantly with the number of levels, though optimization over their energy spectrum remains always crucial.

Luis A. Correa; Mohammad Mehboudi; Gerardo Adesso; Anna Sanpera

2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

83

Probing SZ Source Detection with Gasdynamical Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The huge worldwide investment in CMB experiments should make the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect a key probe of the cosmic web in the near future. For the promise to be realized, substantial development of simulation and analysis tools to relate observation to theory is needed. The high nonlinearity and dissipative/feedback gas physics lead to highly non-Gaussian patterns that are much more difficult to analyze than Gaussian primary anisotropies for which the procedures are reasonably well developed. Historical forecasts for what CMB experiments might see used semi-analytic tools, including large scale map constructions, with localized and simplified pressure structures distributed on a point process of (clustered) sources. Hydro studies beyond individual cluster/supercluster systems were inadequate, but now large-volume simulations with high resolution are beginning to shift the balance. We illustrate this by applying ``Gasoline'' (parallelized Tree+SPH) computations to construct SZ maps and derive statistical measures. We believe rapid Monte Carlo simulations using parameterized templates centered on point processes informed by optical and other means on the observational side, and by hydro simulations on the theory side, should play an important role in pipelines to analyze the new SZ field data. We show that localized sources should dominate upcoming SZ experiments, identify sources in the maps under filtering and noise levels expected for these experiments, use the RCS photometric optical survey as an example of redshift localization, and discuss whether cosmic web patterns such as superclusters can be enhanced when such extra source information is supplied.

J. Richard Bond; Marcelo I. Ruetalo; James W. Wadsley; Michael D. Gladders

2001-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

84

Downhole probes evaluate cavern integrity  

SciTech Connect

Obtaining natural-gas storage caverns` pressures and temperatures with downhole probes has allowed TransGas Ltd., Regina, to monitor and evaluate cavern integrity. TransGas has more than 5 years` experience with the devices. The acquired data have also helped determine gas-in-place inventory and confirm and assess changes in spatial volumes. These changes may have resulted from cavern creep (shrinkage or closure) or downhole abnormality such as fluid infill or collapse of the side walls or roof. This first of two articles presents background and many of the details and lessons to date of TransGas` cavern gas-storage probe program; the conclusion describes a specific storage site with some results.

Crossley, N.G. [TransGas Ltd., Regina, Saskatchewan (Canada)

1997-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

85

Observation of strong electromagnetic fields around laser-entrance holes of ignition-scale hohlraums in inertial-confinement fusion experiments at the National Ignition Facility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy spectra and spectrally resolved one-dimensional fluence images of self-emitted charged-fusion products (14.7 MeV D3He protons) are routinely measured from indirectly driven inertial-confinement fusion (ICF) experiments utilizing ignition-scaled hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). A striking and consistent feature of these images is that the fluence of protons leaving the ICF target in the direction of the hohlraum's laser entrance holes (LEHs) is very nonuniform spatially, in contrast to the very uniform fluence of protons leaving through the hohlraum equator. In addition, the measured nonuniformities are unpredictable, and vary greatly from shot to shot. These observations were made separately at the times of shock flash and of compression burn, indicating that the asymmetry persists even at ~0.5–2.5 ns after the laser has turned off. These phenomena have also been observed in experiments on the OMEGA laser facility with energy-scaled hohlraums, suggesting that the underlying physics is similar. Comprehensive data sets provide compelling evidence that the nonuniformities result from proton deflections due to strong spontaneous electromagnetic fields around the hohlraum LEHs. Although it has not yet been possible to uniquely determine whether the fields are magnetic (B) or electric (E), preliminary analysis indicates that the strength is ~1 MG if B fields or ~109 V cm?1 if E fields. These measurements provide important physics insight into the ongoing ignition experiments at the NIF. Understanding the generation, evolution, interaction and dissipation of the self-generated fields may help to answer many physics questions, such as why the electron temperatures measured in the LEH region are anomalously large, and may help to validate hydrodynamic models of plasma dynamics prior to plasma stagnation in the center of the hohlraum.

C K Li; A B Zylstra; J A Frenje; F H Séguin; N Sinenian; R D Petrasso; P A Amendt; R Bionta; S Friedrich; G W Collins; E Dewald; T Döppner; S H Glenzer; D G Hicks; O L Landen; J D Kilkenny; A J Mackinnon; N Meezan; J Ralph; J R Rygg; J Kline; G Kyrala

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

High temperature probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature probe for sampling, for example, smokestack fumes, and is able to withstand temperatures of 3000.degree. F. The probe is constructed so as to prevent leakage via the seal by placing the seal inside the water jacket whereby the seal is not exposed to high temperature, which destroys the seal. The sample inlet of the probe is also provided with cooling fins about the area of the seal to provide additional cooling to prevent the seal from being destroyed. Also, a heated jacket is provided for maintaining the temperature of the gas being tested as it passes through the probe. The probe includes pressure sensing means for determining the flow velocity of an efficient being sampled. In addition, thermocouples are located in various places on the probe to monitor the temperature of the gas passing there through.

Swan, Raymond A. (Fremont, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Probing Mercury's Partnering Preferences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Preferences Probing Mercury's Partnering Preferences Merc.gif Why it Matters: Mercury (Hg) is a major global pollutant arising from both natural and anthropogenic sources....

88

Probing metal solidification nondestructively  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing metal solidification nondestructively This is the first time that high-energy protons have been used to nondestructively image a large metal sample during melting and...

89

Probing metal solidification nondestructively  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing metal solidification nondestructively This is the first time that high-energy protons have been used to nondestructively image a large metal sample during melting...

90

Observations of internal tide variability in the far field of the Hawaiian Ridge: The far field component of the Hawaii Ocean Mixing Experiment (HOME)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of the Hawaii Ocean Mixing Experiment (HOME) observations of internal tides in two regions on either side of the Hawaiian Ridge were obtained by tomography thermistors and CTD casts from FLIP. The tomographic observations detect radiation of low internal?tide modes in broad areas while the thermistors and CTD casts measure the ‘‘local’’ internal?tide variability. These observations are used to estimate the amount of energy carried away from the Ridge by the internal tides to estimate the relative energies of low? and high?mode internal tides and to test numerical models of internal?tide generation. Barotropic currents and pressure were also measured by tomography electromagnetic and pressure sensors so that with careful modeling the energy lost from the barotropic tides at the Ridge can be determined. Thermistor data obtained on one mooring showed that the M2 mode?1 internal tide was mainly phase?locked and carried 1.3 kW/m of energy. Modes 2 and 3 had amplitudes comparable to mode?1 but they were not phase locked. Energy fluxes at three other moorings were 1.2 2.0 and 6.7 kW/m. Energy fluxes obtained by tomography were 0 (1 kW/m) or less; the line?integral data are less susceptible to the interference effects in the outgoing internal waves.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

ARM Cloud Aerosol Precipitation Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Satellite Observation CAS Cloud Aerosol Spectrometer CCN Cloud Condensation Nuclei CIP Cloud Imaging Probe CPC Condensation Particle Counter CSPHOT Cimel sunphotometer CVI...

92

Observations of the Icy Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Freeze-out of the gas phase elements onto cold grains in dense interstellar and circumstellar media builds up ice mantles consisting of molecules that are mostly formed in situ (H2O, NH3, CO2, CO, CH3OH, and more). This review summarizes the detected infrared spectroscopic ice features and compares the abundances across Galactic, extragalactic, and solar system environments. A tremendous amount of information is contained in the ice band profiles. Laboratory experiments play a critical role in the analysis of the observations. Strong evidence is found for distinct ice formation stages, separated by CO freeze out at high densities. The ice bands have proven to be excellent probes of the thermal history of their environment. The evidence for the long-held idea that processing of ices by energetic photons and cosmic rays produces complex molecules is weak. Recent state of the art observations show promise for much progress in this area with planned infrared facilities.

Boogert, Adwin; Whittet, Douglas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

New Insights into the 243Am 48Ca Reaction Products Previously Observed in the Experiments on Elements 113, 115, and 117  

SciTech Connect

Results of a new series of experiments on the study of production cross sections and decay properties of the isotopes of element 115 in the reaction {sup 243}Am + {sup 48}Ca are presented. Twenty-one new decay chains originating from {sup 288}115 were established as the product of the 3n-evaporation channel by measuring the excitation function at three excitation energies of the compound nucleus {sup 291}115. The decay properties of all newly observed nuclei are in full agreement with those we measured in 2003. At the lowest excitation energy E* = 33 MeV, for the first time we registered the product of the 2n-evaporation channel, {sup 289}115, which was also observed previously in the reaction {sup 249}Bk + {sup 48}Ca as the daughter nucleus of the decay of {sup 293}117. The maximum cross section for the production of {sup 288}115 is found to be 8.5 pb at E* {approx} 36 MeV.

Oganessian, Yuri Ts. [FLNR-JINR, Russia; Abdullin, F. Sh. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Dmitriev, S. [FLNR-JINR, Russia; Gostic, J. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Hamilton, Joseph [Vanderbilt University; Henderson, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Itkis, M. G. [FLNR-JINR, Russia; Moody, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Polyakov, A. N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Ramayya, A. V. [Vanderbilt University; Roberto, James B [ORNL; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr [ORNL; Sagaidak, R. N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Shaughnessy, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Shirokovsky, I. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Stoyer, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Subbotin, V. G. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Sukhov, A. M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Tsyganov, Yu. S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Utyonkov, V. [FLNR-JINR, Russia; Voinov, A. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Vostokin, G. K. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Chemical sensing flow probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new chemical probe determines the properties of an analyte using the light absorption of the products of a reagent/analyte reaction. The probe places a small reaction volume in contact with a large analyte volume. Analyte diffuses into the reaction volume. Reagent is selectively supplied to the reaction volume. The light absorption of the reaction in the reaction volume indicates properties of the original analyte. The probe is suitable for repeated use in remote or hostile environments. It does not require physical sampling of the analyte or result in significant regent contamination of the analyte reservoir.

Laguna, George R. (Albuquerque, NM); Peter, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM); Butler, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Phylogenetic analysis and development of probes for differentiating methylotrophic bacteria.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...accurately determine its phylogenetic relation- ship with other methanotrophs. Probes 1035-RuMP...numerous blotting experiments. The nonradioactive detection system performed reliably with detection down to 10 ng of RNA from pure cultures. The...

G A Brusseau; E S Bulygina; R S Hanson

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The gridded electromagnet probe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We attempted to measure the anisotropy in the electron distribution function in magnetized plasma by exploiting the adiabatic invariance of the electron's magnetic moment with a probe comprising a grid, a collector, and ...

Shadman, K. (Khashayar), 1972-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

CORRELATIONS OF THE ARRIVAL DIRECTIONS OF ULTRA-HIGH ENERGY COSMIC RAYS WITH EXTRAGALACTIC OBJECTS AS OBSERVED BY THE TELESCOPE ARRAY EXPERIMENT  

SciTech Connect

We search for correlations between the positions of extragalactic objects and the arrival directions of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) with primary energy E ? 40 EeV as observed by the surface detector array of the Telescope Array (TA) experiment during the first 40 months of operation. We examine several public astronomical object catalogs, including the Veron-Cetty and Veron catalog of active galactic nuclei. We count the number of TA events correlated with objects in each catalog as a function of three parameters: the maximum angular separation between a TA event and an object, the minimum energy of the events, and the maximum redshift of the objects. We determine the combination of these parameters that maximizes the correlations, and we calculate the probability of having the same levels of correlations from an isotropic distribution of UHECR arrival directions. No statistically significant correlations are found when penalties for scanning over the above parameters and for searching in several catalogs are taken into account.

Abu-Zayyad, T.; Allen, M.; Anderson, R.; Barcikowski, E.; Belz, J. W.; Bergman, D. R.; Blake, S. A.; Cady, R.; Hanlon, W. [High Energy Astrophysics Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Aida, R. [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Yamanashi (Japan); Azuma, R.; Fukuda, T. [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo (Japan); Cheon, B. G.; Cho, E. J. [Department of Physics and The Research Institute of Natural Science, Hanyang University, Seongdong-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Chiba, J. [Department of Physics, Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba (Japan); Chikawa, M. [Department of Physics, Kinki University, Higashi Osaka, Osaka (Japan); Cho, W. R. [Department of Physics, Yonsei University, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Fujii, H. [Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, KEK, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Fujii, T. [Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka (Japan); Fukushima, M. [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba (Japan); and others

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

98

REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 82, 033510 (2011) Calibrated cylindrical Mach probe in a plasma wind tunnel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a simple "Gundestrup- type" Mach probe5,7,8 used in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX).9 An accurate

Brown, Michael R.

99

Convective heat flow probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A convective heat flow probe device is provided which measures heat flow and fluid flow magnitude in the formation surrounding a borehole. The probe comprises an elongate housing adapted to be lowered down into the borehole; a plurality of heaters extending along the probe for heating the formation surrounding the borehole; a plurality of temperature sensors arranged around the periphery of the probe for measuring the temperature of the surrounding formation after heating thereof by the heater elements. The temperature sensors and heater elements are mounted in a plurality of separate heater pads which are supported by the housing and which are adapted to be radially expanded into firm engagement with the walls of the borehole. The heat supplied by the heater elements and the temperatures measured by the temperature sensors are monitored and used in providing the desired measurements. The outer peripheral surfaces of the heater pads are configured as segments of a cylinder and form a full cylinder when taken together. A plurality of temperature sensors are located on each pad so as to extend along the length and across the width thereof, with a heating element being located in each pad beneath the temperature sensors. An expansion mechanism driven by a clamping motor provides expansion and retraction of the heater pads and expandable packet-type seals are provided along the probe above and below the heater pads.

Dunn, J.C.; Hardee, H.C.; Striker, R.P.

1984-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

100

Multispectral imaging probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multispectral imaging probe delivers a range of wavelengths of excitation light to a target and collects a range of expressed light wavelengths. The multispectral imaging probe is adapted for mobile use and use in confined spaces, and is sealed against the effects of hostile environments. The multispectral imaging probe comprises a housing that defines a sealed volume that is substantially sealed from the surrounding environment. A beam splitting device mounts within the sealed volume. Excitation light is directed to the beam splitting device, which directs the excitation light to a target. Expressed light from the target reaches the beam splitting device along a path coaxial with the path traveled by the excitation light from the beam splitting device to the target. The beam splitting device directs expressed light to a collection subsystem for delivery to a detector. 8 figs.

Sandison, D.R.; Platzbecker, M.R.; Descour, M.R.; Armour, D.L.; Craig, M.J.; Richards-Kortum, R.

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Multispectral imaging probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multispectral imaging probe delivers a range of wavelengths of excitation light to a target and collects a range of expressed light wavelengths. The multispectral imaging probe is adapted for mobile use and use in confined spaces, and is sealed against the effects of hostile environments. The multispectral imaging probe comprises a housing that defines a sealed volume that is substantially sealed from the surrounding environment. A beam splitting device mounts within the sealed volume. Excitation light is directed to the beam splitting device, which directs the excitation light to a target. Expressed light from the target reaches the beam splitting device along a path coaxial with the path traveled by the excitation light from the beam splitting device to the target. The beam splitting device directs expressed light to a collection subsystem for delivery to a detector.

Sandison, David R. (Moriarty, NM); Platzbecker, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Descour, Michael R. (Tucson, AZ); Armour, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Craig, Marcus J. (Albuquerque, NM); Richards-Kortum, Rebecca (Austin, TX)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Plasma probe characteristics in low density hydrogen pulsed plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probe theories are only applicable in the regime where the probe's perturbation of the plasma can be neglected. However, it is not always possible to know, a priori, that a particular probe theory can be successfully applied, especially in low density plasmas. This is especially difficult in the case of transient, low density plasmas. Here, we applied probe diagnostics in combination with a 2D particle-in-cell model, to an experiment with a pulsed low density hydrogen plasma. The calculations took into account the full chamber geometry, including the plasma probe as an electrode in the chamber. It was found that the simulations reproduce the time evolution of the probe IV characteristics with good accuracy. The disagreement between the simulated and probe measured plasma density is attributed to the limited applicability of probe theory to measurements of low density pulsed plasmas. Indeed, in the case studied here, probe measurements would lead to a large overestimate of the plasma density. In contrast, the ...

Astakhov, D I; Lee, C J; Ivanov, V V; Krivtsun, V M; Zotovich, A I; Zyryanov, S M; Lopaev, D V; Bijkerk, F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Probing Planck scale physics with IceCube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutrino oscillations can be affected by decoherence induced e.g. by Planck scale suppressed interactions with the space-time foam predicted in some approaches to quantum gravity. We study the prospects for observing such effects at IceCube, using the likely flux of TeV antineutrinos from the Cygnus spiral arm. We formulate the statistical analysis for evaluating the sensitivity to quantum decoherence in the presence of the background from atmospheric neutrinos, as well as from plausible cosmic neutrino sources. We demonstrate that IceCube will improve the sensitivity to decoherence effects of O(E2/MPl) by 17 orders of magnitude over present limits and, moreover, that it can probe decoherence effects of O(E3/MPl2) which are well beyond the reach of other experiments.

Luis A. Anchordoqui; Haim Goldberg; M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; Francis Halzen; Dan Hooper; Subir Sarkar; Thomas J. Weiler

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

104

The Impacts of Representing the Correlation of Errors in Radar Data Assimilation. Part I: Experiments with Simulated Background and Observation Estimates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In radar data assimilation, statistically optimal analyses are sought by minimizing a cost function in which the variance and covariance of background and observation errors are correctly represented. Radar observations are particular in that they ...

Dominik Jacques; Isztar Zawadzki

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Intercomparison of Variational Data Assimilation and the Ensemble Kalman Filter for Global Deterministic NWP. Part I: Description and Single-Observation Experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An intercomparison of the Environment Canada variational and ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) data assimilation systems is presented in the context of global deterministic NWP. In an EnKF experiment having the same spatial resolution as the inner ...

Mark Buehner; P. L. Houtekamer; Cecilien Charette; Herschel L. Mitchell; Bin He

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A laboratory on the four-point probe technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe how a classic electrostaticsexperiment can be modified to be a four-point probe lab experiment. Students use the four-point probe technique to investigate how the measured resistance varies as a function of the position of the electrodes with respect to the edge of the sample. By using elementary electromagnetism concepts such as the superposition principle the continuity equation the relation between electric field and electric potential and Ohm’s law a simple model is derived to describe the four-point probe technique. Although the lab introduces the students to the ideas behind the Laplace equation and the methods of images advanced mathematics is avoided so that the experiment can be done in trigonometry and algebra based physics courses. In addition the experiment introduces the students to a standard measurement technique that is widely used in industry and thus provides them with useful hands-on experience.

Andrew P. Schuetze; Wayne Lewis; Chris Brown; Wilhelmus J. Geerts

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Hyperfine-interaction parameters for a Cd probe atom at the Fe/Kr interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polycrystalline iron foils implanted to high krypton doses, in order to produce rare-gas inclusions, were doped with In111 and the magnetic hyperfine field as well as the electric-field gradient was measured. Time-differential perturbed angular correlation experiments were performed in the as-implanted and the annealed sample condition. We observed a substantial fraction of probe atoms in a ‘‘defect site,’’ characterized by the hyperfine interaction parameters ??Bhf?=-6.89(4)% and Vzz?2.6×1017 V/cm2, in close similarity with those expected for the Kr/Fe interface. The impact of the present approach for metal surface studies is stressed.

P. Decoster; G. De Doncker; M. Rots

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Dark Energy Probes of Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19/12/2013 1 Dark Energy Probes of Dark Energy Probes Dark Energy Supernovae Ia probing luminosity (Betti numbers) #12;19/12/2013 2 Dark Energy Probes: Comparison Method Strengths Weaknesses Systematics

Weijgaert, Rien van de

109

High temperature electrochemical corrosion rate probes  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion occurs in the high temperature sections of energy production plants due to a number of factors: ash deposition, coal composition, thermal gradients, and low NOx conditions, among others. Electrochemical corrosion rate (ECR) probes have been shown to operate in high temperature gaseous environments that are similar to those found in fossil fuel combustors. ECR probes are rarely used in energy production plants at the present time, but if they were more fully understood, corrosion could become a process variable at the control of plant operators. Research is being conducted to understand the nature of these probes. Factors being considered are values selected for the Stern-Geary constant, the effect of internal corrosion, and the presence of conductive corrosion scales and ash deposits. The nature of ECR probes will be explored in a number of different atmospheres and with different electrolytes (ash and corrosion product). Corrosion rates measured using an electrochemical multi-technique capabilities instrument will be compared to those measured using the linear polarization resistance (LPR) technique. In future experiments, electrochemical corrosion rates will be compared to penetration corrosion rates determined using optical profilometry measurements.

Bullard, Sophie J.; Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Future high precision experiments and new physics beyond Standard Model  

SciTech Connect

High precision (< 1%) electroweak experiments that have been done or are likely to be done in this decade are examined on the basis of Standard Model (SM) predictions of fourteen weak neutral current observables and fifteen W and Z properties to the one-loop level, the implications of the corresponding experimental measurements to various types of possible new physics that enter at the tree or loop level were investigated. Certain experiments appear to have special promise as probes of the new physics considered here.

Luo, Mingxing.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Future high precision experiments and new physics beyond Standard Model  

SciTech Connect

High precision (< 1%) electroweak experiments that have been done or are likely to be done in this decade are examined on the basis of Standard Model (SM) predictions of fourteen weak neutral current observables and fifteen W and Z properties to the one-loop level, the implications of the corresponding experimental measurements to various types of possible new physics that enter at the tree or loop level were investigated. Certain experiments appear to have special promise as probes of the new physics considered here.

Luo, Mingxing

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Observation of strong electromagnetic fields around laser-entrance holes of ignition-scale hohlraums in inertial-confinement fusion experiments at the National Ignition Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA 2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94550 USA 3 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM) experiments utilizing ignition-scaled hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). A striking

113

Probing the curvature and dark energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two new one-parameter tracking behavior dark energy representations ?=?0/(1+z) and ?=?0ez/(1+z)/(1+z) are used to probe the geometry of the Universe and the property of dark energy. The combined type Ia supernova, Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe data indicate that the Universe is almost spatially flat and that dark energy contributes about 72% of the matter content of the present universe. The observational data also tell us that ?(0)?-1. It is argued that the current observational data can hardly distinguish different dark energy models to the zeroth order. The transition redshift when the expansion of the Universe changed from deceleration phase to acceleration phase is around zT?0.6 by using our one-parameter dark energy models.

Yungui Gong and Yuan-Zhong Zhang

2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

114

Probing the curvature and dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two new one-parameter tracking behavior dark energy representations $\\omega=\\omega_0/(1+z)$ and $\\omega=\\omega_0 e^{z/(1+z)}/(1+z)$ are used to probe the geometry of the Universe and the property of dark energy. The combined type Ia supernova (SN Ia), Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), and Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) data indicate that the Universe is almost spatially flat and that dark energy contributes about 72% of the matter content of the present universe. The observational data also tell us that $\\omega(0)\\sim -1$. It is argued that the current observational data can hardly distinguish different dark energy models to the zeroth order. The transition redshift when the expansion of the Universe changed from deceleration phase to acceleration phase is around $z_{\\rm T}\\sim 0.6$ by using our one-parameter dark energy models.

Yungui Gong; Yuan-Zhong Zhang

2005-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

115

Robot to probe inside Antarctic volcano  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Robot to probe inside Antarctic volcano ... The first robotic observations inside the crater of a live volcano—using a unique, eight-legged robot called Danteare slated to start next week in Antarctica. ... A team of U.S. researchers will lower the spiderlike robot into Mount Erebus (pronounced "AIR-a-bus"), a 12,447-foot-high volcano on Ross Island, about 800 miles from the South Pole. ...

RICHARD SELTZER

1992-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

116

Site tests validate benefits of cavern probes  

SciTech Connect

More than 5 years` experience with downhole probes has allowed TransGas Ltd., Regina, to monitor and evaluate cavern integrity. The devices access natural-gas storage caverns` pressures and temperatures. Acquired data have helped determine gas-in-place inventory volumes, confirm spatial volumes, and assess changes in spatial volumes that may have resulted from cavern creep (shrinkage or closure) or downhole abnormality such as fluid infill or collapse of the side walls or roof areas. This conclusion of two articles presents details and results of a specific storage-site. The first article presented background and many of the details and lessons of TransGas` cavern gas-storage probe program.

Crossley, N.G. [TransGas Ltd., Regina, Saskatchewan (Canada)

1997-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

117

Variable path length spectrophotometric probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact, variable pathlength, fiber optic probe for spectrophotometric measurements of fluids in situ. The probe comprises a probe body with a shaft having a polished end penetrating one side of the probe, a pair of optic fibers, parallel and coterminous, entering the probe opposite the reflecting shaft, and a collimating lens to direct light from one of the fibers to the reflecting surface of the shaft and to direct the reflected light to the second optic fiber. The probe body has an inlet and an outlet port to allow the liquid to enter the probe body and pass between the lens and the reflecting surface of the shaft. A linear stepper motor is connected to the shaft to cause the shaft to advance toward or away from the lens in increments so that absorption measurements can be made at each of the incremental steps. The shaft is sealed to the probe body by a bellows seal to allow freedom of movement of the shaft and yet avoid leakage from the interior of the probe.

O'Rourke, Patrick E. (157 Greenwood Dr., Martiney, GA 30907); McCarty, Jerry E. (104 Recreation Dr., Aiken, SC 29803); Haggard, Ricky A. (1144 Thornwood Drive, North Augusta, SC 29891)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Probing lepton number violation on three frontiers  

SciTech Connect

Neutrinoless double beta decay constitutes the main probe for lepton number violation at low energies, motivated by the expected Majorana nature of the light but massive neutrinos. On the other hand, the theoretical interpretation of the (non-)observation of this process is not straightforward as the Majorana neutrinos can destructively interfere in their contribution and many other New Physics mechanisms can additionally mediate the process. We here highlight the potential of combining neutrinoless double beta decay with searches for Tritium decay, cosmological observations and LHC physics to improve the quantitative insight into the neutrino properties and to unravel potential sources of lepton number violation.

Deppisch, Frank F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London (United Kingdom)

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

119

Probing the time dependence of dark energy  

SciTech Connect

A new method to investigate a possible time-dependence of the dark energy equation of state w is proposed. We apply this methodology to a combination of data involving one of the most recent type Ia supernova sample (SNLS3) along with the current baryon acoustic oscillation and H(z) measurements. We show that current observations cannot rule out a non-evolving dark energy component (dw/dz = 0). The approach developed here reduces considerably the so-called smearing effect on w determinations and may be useful to probe a possible evolving dark energy component when applied to upcoming observational data.

Barboza Edésio Jr, M. [Departamento de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Rua Professor Antônio Campos s/n, Mossoró (Brazil); Alcaniz, J.S., E-mail: edesiobarboza@uern.br, E-mail: alcaniz@on.br [Departamento de Astronomia, Observatório Nacional, Rua General José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Rotating concave eddy current probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotating concave eddy current probe for detecting fatigue cracks hidden from view underneath the head of a raised head fastener, such as a buttonhead-type rivet, used to join together structural skins, such as aluminum aircraft skins. The probe has a recessed concave dimple in its bottom surface that closely conforms to the shape of the raised head. The concave dimple holds the probe in good alignment on top of the rivet while the probe is rotated around the rivet's centerline. One or more magnetic coils are rigidly embedded within the probe's cylindrical body, which is made of a non-conducting material. This design overcomes the inspection impediment associated with widely varying conductivity in fastened joints.

Roach, Dennis P. (Albuquerque, NM); Walkington, Phil (Albuquerque, NM); Rackow, Kirk A. (Albuquerque, NM); Hohman, Ed (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Using phylogenetic probes for quantification of stable isotope labeling and microbial community analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Herein is described methods for a high-sensitivity means to measure the incorporation of stable isotope labeled substrates into RNA following stable isotope probing experiments (SIP). RNA is hybridized to a set of probes such as phylogenetic microarrays and isotope incorporation is quantified such as by secondary ion mass spectrometer imaging (NanoSIMS).

Brodie, Eoin L; DeSantis, Todd Z; Karaoz, Ulas; Andersen, Gary L

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

122

Water at the Surfaces of Aligned Phospholipid Multibilayer Model Membranes Probed with Ultrafast Vibrational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water at the Surfaces of Aligned Phospholipid Multibilayer Model Membranes Probed with Ultrafast@stanford.edu Abstract: The dynamics of water at the surface of artificial membranes composed of aligned multibilayers pump-probe spectroscopy. The experiments are performed at various hydration levels, x ) 2 - 16 water

Fayer, Michael D.

123

Probing dark energy dynamics from current and future cosmological observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the constraints on the dark energy equation-of-state w(z) using the latest “Constitution” SNe sample combined with the WMAP5 and Sloan Digital Sky Survey data. Assuming a flat Universe, and utilizing the localized principal component analysis and the model selection criteria, we find that the ?CDM model is generally consistent with the current data, yet there exists a weak hint of the possible dynamics of dark energy. In particular, a model predicting w(z)-1 at z?[0.5,0.75), which means that w(z) crosses -1 in the range of z?[0.25,0.75), is mildly favored at 95% confidence level. Given the best fit model for current data as a fiducial model, we make future forecast from the joint data sets of Joint Dark Energy Mission, Planck, and Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, and we find that the future surveys can reduce the error bars on the w bins by roughly a factor of 10 for a 5-w-bin model.

Gong-Bo Zhao and Xinmin Zhang

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

Probing dark energy dynamics from current and future cosmological observations  

SciTech Connect

We report the constraints on the dark energy equation-of-state w(z) using the latest 'Constitution' SNe sample combined with the WMAP5 and Sloan Digital Sky Survey data. Assuming a flat Universe, and utilizing the localized principal component analysis and the model selection criteria, we find that the {Lambda}CDM model is generally consistent with the current data, yet there exists a weak hint of the possible dynamics of dark energy. In particular, a model predicting w(z)<-1 at z is an element of [0.25,0.5) and w(z)>-1 at z is an element of [0.5,0.75), which means that w(z) crosses -1 in the range of z is an element of [0.25,0.75), is mildly favored at 95% confidence level. Given the best fit model for current data as a fiducial model, we make future forecast from the joint data sets of Joint Dark Energy Mission, Planck, and Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, and we find that the future surveys can reduce the error bars on the w bins by roughly a factor of 10 for a 5-w-bin model.

Zhao Gongbo [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6 (Canada); Zhang Xinmin [Theoretical Physics Division, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 918-4, Beijing 100049 (China); Theoretical Physics Center for Science Facilities (TPCSF), Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Conducted Electrical Weapon Deployed Probe Wounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deployment of probes is a common method of use for some handheld conducted electrical weapons (CEWs). Probe deployment allows for greater...

Donald M. Dawes M.D.; Jeffrey D. Ho M.D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Wednesday, 26 July 2006 00:00 Silicon-based transistors are well-understood,...

127

Neutron Scattering Experiment on Solid 3He  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic neutron scattering probes the order parameter symmetry and magnitude ... as well as exchange parameters in a critical scattering experiment above the ordering temperature. Therefore we propose an experim...

Stephan Schöttl; Konrad Siemensmeyer; Vitaliy Boyko…

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Solar probe technology challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mission close to the sun is only possible if new spacecraft technologies can be developed and incorporated into a state?of?the?art spacecraft concept. The perihelion goal of 4 solar radii requires a shielded spacecraft that can tolerate the almost 3000 suns solar flux while maintaining the electronics components at room temperature. In addition the shield surface should sublimate at a rate of less than 3mg/s at perihelion. Many shield configuration designs have been studied and the most promising is a parabolic shape that functions as both a shield and a large high gain antenna. The shield material chosen for this design is a carbon?carbon material with highly emissive surface properties. A mission requirement for a high telecommunications power stems from the expected interference when attempting to transmit data through the solar corona. It is expected that the large carbon?carbon shield/antenna will have a high power gain even at high temperatures and will return adequate telemetry at the X?band radio frequency chosen for the Solar Probe mission. Other key technology needs include a non?nuclear power subsystem that can function in the extreme environments of the mission from Earth to Jupiter and onward to a 4 solar radii perihelion.

James E. Randolph; Robert N. Miyake; Bill J. Nesmith; Ray B. Dirling Jr.; Richard J. Howard

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Long duration ash probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A long duration ash probe includes a pressure shell connected to a port in a combustor with a sample coupon mounted on a retractable carriage so as to retract the sample coupon within the pressure shell during sootblowing operation of the combustor. A valve mounted at the forward end of the pressure shell is selectively closeable to seal the sample coupon within the shell, and a heating element in the shell is operable to maintain the desired temperature of the sample coupon while retracted within the shell. The carriage is operably mounted on a pair of rails within the shell for longitudinal movement within the shell. A hollow carrier tube connects the hollow cylindrical sample coupon to the carriage, and extends through the carriage and out the rearward end thereof. Air lines are connected to the rearward end of the carrier tube and are operable to permit coolant to pass through the air lines and thence through the carrier tube to the sample coupon so as to cool the sample coupon.

Hurley, John P. (Grand Forks, ND); McCollor, Don P. (Grand Forks, ND); Selle, Stanley J. (Grand Forks, MN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Long duration ash probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A long duration ash probe includes a pressure shell connected to a port in a combustor with a sample coupon mounted on a retractable carriage so as to retract the sample coupon within the pressure shell during soot blowing operation of the combustor. A valve mounted at the forward end of the pressure shell is selectively closeable to seal the sample coupon within the shell, and a heating element in the shell is operable to maintain the desired temperature of the sample coupon while retracted within the shell. The carriage is operably mounted on a pair of rails within the shell for longitudinal movement within the shell. A hollow carrier tube connects the hollow cylindrical sample coupon to the carriage, and extends through the carriage and out the rearward end thereof. Air lines are connected to the rearward end of the carrier tube and are operable to permit coolant to pass through the air lines and thence through the carrier tube to the sample coupon so as to cool the sample coupon. 8 figs.

Hurley, J.P.; McCollor, D.P.; Selle, S.J.

1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

131

Exact probes of orientifolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the exact vacuum expectation value of circular Wilson loops for Euclidean ${\\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills with $G=SO(N),Sp(N)$, in the fundamental and spinor representations. These field theories are dual to type IIB string theory compactified on $AdS_5\\times {\\mathbb R} {\\mathbb P}^5$ plus certain choices of discrete torsion, and we use our results to probe this holographic duality. We first revisit the LLM-type geometries having $AdS_5\\times {\\mathbb R} {\\mathbb P}^5$ as ground state. Our results clarify and refine the identification of these LLM-type geometries as bubbling geometries arising from fermions on a half harmonic oscillator. We furthermore identify the presence of discrete torsion with the one-fermion Wigner distribution becoming negative at the origin of phase space. We then turn to the string world-sheet interpretation of our results and argue that for the quantities considered they imply two features: first, the contribution coming from world-sheets with a single crosscap is closely ...

Fiol, Bartomeu; Torrents, Genis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Differential probes aid flow measurement  

SciTech Connect

Nonconstricting differential pressure flow probes which help solve the problems of clogging, wear, and pressure loss at the Seawater Filtration Facility in Saudi Arabia are described. Treated seawater is pumped into oil-bearing formations for secondary recovery. Figures showing principle of operation for probes, installation schematic and long-term accuracy results (flow probes vs. orifice meters) are presented. The new diamond-shaped design flow sensor offers accurate flow measurement with low permanent pressure loss, which translates into cost savings for the operator.

Mesnard, D.R.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Optic probe for semiconductor characterization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described herein is an optical probe (120) for use in characterizing surface defects in wafers, such as semiconductor wafers. The optical probe (120) detects laser light reflected from the surface (124) of the wafer (106) within various ranges of angles. Characteristics of defects in the surface (124) of the wafer (106) are determined based on the amount of reflected laser light detected in each of the ranges of angles. Additionally, a wafer characterization system (100) is described that includes the described optical probe (120).

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO); Hambarian, Artak (Yerevan, AM)

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

134

Probing nuclear matter with jet conversions  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the flavor of leading jet partons as a valuable probe of nuclear matter. We point out that the coupling of jets to nuclear matter naturally leads to an alteration of jet chemistry even at high transverse momentum p{sub T}. In particular, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) jets coupling to a chemically equilibrated quark gluon plasma in nuclear collisions will lead to hadron ratios at high transverse momentum p{sub T} that can differ significantly from their counterparts in p+p collisions. Flavor measurements could complement energy loss as a way to study interactions of hard QCD jets with nuclear matter. Roughly speaking they probe the inverse mean free path 1/{lambda} while energy loss probes the average squared momentum transfer {mu}{sup 2}/{lambda}. We present some estimates for the rate of jet conversions in a consistent Fokker-Planck framework and their impact on future high-p{sub T} identified hadron measurements at RHIC and LHC. We also suggest some novel observables to test flavor effects.

Liu, W. [Cyclotron Institute and Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Fries, R. J. [Cyclotron Institute and Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); RIKEN/BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

135

Electron and Scanning Probe Microscopies | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron and Scanning Probe Microscopies Electron and Scanning Probe Microscopies Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Electron and Scanning Probe Microscopies Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports basic research in condensed matter physics and materials physics using electron scattering and microscopy and scanning probe techniques. The research includes experiments and theory to understand the atomic, electronic, and magnetic structures of materials.

136

PDF Rotating Probe VW Dwg  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7.350 PDF Rotating Probe Drawing 45 T 32 mm bore Top Loading into mixture dilution refrigerator 30 mK< T < 900 mK Heater & Thermometer location 24 pin SIP connector BeCu Spring...

137

Switchable stiffness scanning microscope probe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) has rapidly gained widespread utilization as an imaging device and micro/nano-manipulator during recent years. This thesis investigates the new concept of a dual stiffness scanning probe with ...

Mueller-Falcke, Clemens T. (Clemens Tobias)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

President's panel probes sustainable development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

President's panel probes sustainable development ... The President's Council on Sustainable Development, a blue-ribbon advisory panel established by President Bill Clinton last June, held its first meeting outside the nation's capital earlier this month in the Seattle. ...

DEBORAH ILLMAN

1994-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

139

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print The behavior of the core hole created in molecular x-ray photoemission experiments has provided molecular scientists with a valuable window through which to probe the electronic structure and dynamics of molecules. But the answer to one fundamental quantum question-whether the core hole is localized or delocalized-has remained elusive for diatomic molecules in which both atoms are the same element. An international team of scientists from the University of Frankfurt in Germany, Berkeley Lab, Kansas State University, and Auburn University has now resolved the issue with an appropriate twist of quantum fuzziness. By means of coincident detection of the photoelectron ejected from molecular nitrogen and the Auger electron emitted femtoseconds later, the team found that how the measurements are done determines which description-localized or delocalized-is valid.

140

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print The behavior of the core hole created in molecular x-ray photoemission experiments has provided molecular scientists with a valuable window through which to probe the electronic structure and dynamics of molecules. But the answer to one fundamental quantum question-whether the core hole is localized or delocalized-has remained elusive for diatomic molecules in which both atoms are the same element. An international team of scientists from the University of Frankfurt in Germany, Berkeley Lab, Kansas State University, and Auburn University has now resolved the issue with an appropriate twist of quantum fuzziness. By means of coincident detection of the photoelectron ejected from molecular nitrogen and the Auger electron emitted femtoseconds later, the team found that how the measurements are done determines which description-localized or delocalized-is valid.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

Probing the Temperature Profile of Energy Production in the Sun  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The particle kinetic energies of thermonuclear pp fusion in the Sun (Gamow energy) produce small changes in the energies of pp solar neutrinos relative to those due only to exothermal energetics. This effect may be observable via the unique tools of the LENS solar neutrino detector. The temperature profile of energy production in the Sun may thus be directly probed for the first time.

Christian Grieb and R. S. Raghavan

2007-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

142

Strange experiments at the AGS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this review is to report recent progress in nuclear experiments involving strangeness which have been carried out at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron over the past three years. These recent developments are noted in three areas: few body systems and dibaryons; strange probes of the nucleus; and associated production of hypernuclei. 9 refs., 3 figs.

Chrien, R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Neutrino Oscillations Experiments at Fermilab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutrino oscillations provide an unique opportunity to probe physics beyond the Standard Model. Fermilab is constructing two new neutrino beams to provide a decicive test of two of the recent positive indications for neutrino oscillations: MiniBOONE experiment will settle the LSND controversy, MINOS will provide detailed studies of the region indicated by the SuperK results.

Adam Para

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Probing navigation strategies of honeybees landmark experiments and simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Several robotic implementations have proven that a snapshot-based homing is indeed feasible, at least. During testing, bees were marked individually with small dots of paint and approach flights were recorded

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

Probing the black box : experiments in design and design education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional analysis and design methods based on preexisting methods and assumptions preconditions and limits the designer's level of engagement with the specific context that is under investigation. A structural analysis ...

Mulvey, Christopher P. (Christopher Paul), 1975-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Remote Sensing and In-Situ Observations of Arctic Mixed-Phase and Cirrus Clouds Acquired During Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Uninhabited Aerospace Vehicle Participation  

SciTech Connect

The Atmospheric Radiation Monitor (ARM) uninhabited aerospace vehicle (UAV) program aims to develop measurement techniques and instruments suitable for a new class of high altitude, long endurance UAVs while supporting the climate community with valuable data sets. Using the Scaled Composites Proteus aircraft, ARM UAV participated in Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE), obtaining unique data to help understand the interaction of clouds with solar and infrared radiation. Many measurements obtained using the Proteus were coincident with in-situ observations made by the UND Citation. Data from M-PACE are needed to understand interactions between clouds, the atmosphere and ocean in the Arctic, critical interactions given large-scale models suggest enhanced warming compared to lower latitudes is occurring.

McFarquhar, G.M.; Freer, M.; Um, J.; McCoy, R.; Bolton, W.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

147

Argonne CNM: Proximal Probes Capabilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proximal Probes Proximal Probes Capabilities Omicron VT-AFM XA microscope scanning tunneling microscope VIew high-resolution image. Variable-temperature, ultra-high-vacuum, atomic force microscope/scanning tunneling microscope: Omicron VT-AFM XA (N. Guisinger, Electronic & Magnetic Materials & Devices Group) Measurement modes include: Contact and non-contact AFM Magnetic force microscopy (MFM) Scanning tunneling spectroscopy Preparation tools include: Resistive sample heating Direct current heating E-beam heating Sputter ion etching Gas dosing E-beam evaporation An analysis chamber contains combined four-grid LEED/Auger optics Omicron nanoprobe View high-resolution image Scanning probe/scanning electron microscopy: Omicron UHV Nanoprobe (N. Guisinger, Electronic & Magnetic Materials & Devices Group)

148

Hand-held survey probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for providing operational feedback to a user of a detection probe may include an optical sensor to generate data corresponding to a position of the detection probe with respect to a surface; a microprocessor to receive the data; a software medium having code to process the data with the microprocessor and pre-programmed parameters, and making a comparison of the data to the parameters; and an indicator device to indicate results of the comparison. A method of providing operational feedback to a user of a detection probe may include generating output data with an optical sensor corresponding to the relative position with respect to a surface; processing the output data, including comparing the output data to pre-programmed parameters; and indicating results of the comparison.

Young, Kevin L. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID; Hungate, Kevin E. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

149

Heavy-Quarkonia in the Star Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy Quarkonium states modifications in relativistic heavy ion collisions have been of great interest since the proposal by Matsui and Satz of J/psi suppression as a signature of Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) formation. Recent studies suggest that the excited states chi_c, psi(2S) and Upsilon(3S) melt sequentially[1,2] and the amount of observed suppression depends on the state and medium conditions. Therefore, this suppression pattern may be used as a probe of the medium temperature. In this work we present preliminary results on the charmonium and bottomnium measurements performed by the STAR experiment at RHIC for p+p and Cu+Cu collisions at sqrt(s_{NN})=200GeV

Mauro R. Cosentino

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

150

Probing Quintessence Potential with Future Cosmological Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quintessence, a scalar field model, has been proposed to account for the acceleration of the Universe at present. We discuss how accurately quintessence models are discriminated by future cosmological surveys, which include experiments of CMB, galaxy clustering, weak lensing, and the type Ia SNe surveys, by making use of the conventional parameterized dark energy models. We can see clear differences between the thawing and the freezing quintessence models at more than $1\\sigma$ ($2\\sigma$) confidence level as long as the present equation of state for quintessence is away from $-1$ as $w_X \\gtrsim -0.95 (-0.90)$. However, it is found to be difficult to probe the effective mass squared for the potential in thawing models, whose signs are different between the quadratic and the cosine-type potentials. This fact may require us to invent a new estimator to distinguish quintessence models beyond the thawing and the freezing ones.

Takeuchi, Yoshitaka; Takahashi, Tomo; Yamaguchi, Masahide

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Probing Quintessence Potential with Future Cosmological Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quintessence, a scalar field model, has been proposed to account for the acceleration of the Universe at present. We discuss how accurately quintessence models are discriminated by future cosmological surveys, which include experiments of CMB, galaxy clustering, weak lensing, and the type Ia SNe surveys, by making use of the conventional parameterized dark energy models. We can see clear differences between the thawing and the freezing quintessence models at more than $1\\sigma$ ($2\\sigma$) confidence level as long as the present equation of state for quintessence is away from $-1$ as $w_X \\gtrsim -0.95 (-0.90)$. However, it is found to be difficult to probe the effective mass squared for the potential in thawing models, whose signs are different between the quadratic and the cosine-type potentials. This fact may require us to invent a new estimator to distinguish quintessence models beyond the thawing and the freezing ones.

Yoshitaka Takeuchi; Kiyotomo Ichiki; Tomo Takahashi; Masahide Yamaguchi

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

152

Application of electrostatic Langmuir probe to atmospheric arc plasmas producing nanostructures  

SciTech Connect

The temporal evolution of a high pressure He arc producing nanotubes was considered and the Langmuir probe technique was applied for plasma parameter measurements. Two modes of arc were observed: cathodic arc where discharge is supported by erosion of cathode material and anodic arc which is supported by ablation of the anode packed with carbon and metallic catalysts in which carbon nanotubes are synthesized. Voltage-current (V-I) characteristics of single probes were measured and unusually low ratio of saturation current on positively biased probe to that on negatively biased of about 1-4 was observed. This effect was explained by increase of measured current at the negatively biased probe above the level of ion saturation current due to secondary electron emission from the probe surface. Since utilization of standard collisionless approach to determine plasma parameters from the measured V-I characteristic is not correct, the electron saturation current was used to estimate the plasma density.

Shashurin, A.; Li, J.; Zhuang, T.; Keidar, M. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, School of Engineering and Applied Science, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia 20052 (United States); Beilis, I. I. [School of Electrical Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978 (Israel)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Cosmological Parameters from Cosmic Background Imager Observations and Comparisons with BOOMERANG, DASI, and MAXIMA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the cosmological parameters derived from observations with the Cosmic Background Imager (CBI), covering 40 square degrees and the multipole range 300 < l < 3500. The angular scales probed by the CBI correspond to structures which cover the mass range from 10^14 to 10^17 M_sun, and the observations reveal, for the first time, the seeds that gave rise to clusters of galaxies. These unique, high-resolution observations also show damping in the power spectrum to l ~ 2000, which we interpret as due to the finite width of the photon-baryon decoupling region and the viscosity operating at decoupling. Because the observations extend to much higher l the CBI results provide information complementary to that probed by the Boomerang, DASI, Maxima, and VSA experiments. As the observations are pushed to higher multipoles no anomalies relative to standard models appear, and extremely good consistency is found between the cosmological parameters derived for the CBI observations over the range 610 < l < 2000 and observations at lower l [abridged].

J. L. Sievers; J. R. Bond; J. K. Cartwright; C. R. Contaldi; B. S. Mason; S. T. Myers; S. Padin; T. J. Pearson; U. -L. Pen; D. Pogosyan; S. Prunet; A. C. S. Readhead; M. C. Shepherd; P. S. Udomprasert; L. Bronfman; W. L. Holzapfel; J. May

2002-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

154

Nuclear Physics with Electroweak Probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the italian theoretical Nuclear Physics community has played a leading role in the development of a unified approach, allowing for a consistent and fully quantitative description of the nuclear response to electromagnetic and weak probes. In this paper I review the main achievements in both fields, point out some of the open problems, and outline the most promising prospects.

Omar Benhar

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

155

Scanning Probe Alloying Nanolithography (SPAN)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or silicon nitride. Probes shapes can be pyramidal or conical and may be sharpened. Figure 1.8. Two kinds of cantilevers; triangle and rectangle shapes. (Courtesy of PNI) 1.2.7. Mode The AFM become much more versatile and capable than before...

Lee, Hyungoo

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

156

Cantilevered probe detector with piezoelectric element  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A disclosed chemical detection system for detecting a target material, such as an explosive material, can include a cantilevered probe, a probe heater coupled to the cantilevered probe, and a piezoelectric element disposed on the cantilevered probe. The piezoelectric element can be configured as a detector and/or an actuator. Detection can include, for example, detecting a movement of the cantilevered probe or a property of the cantilevered probe. The movement or a change in the property of the cantilevered probe can occur, for example, by adsorption of the target material, desorption of the target material, reaction of the target material and/or phase change of the target material. Examples of detectable movements and properties include temperature shifts, impedance shifts, and resonant frequency shifts of the cantilevered probe. The overall chemical detection system can be incorporated, for example, into a handheld explosive material detection system.

Adams, Jesse D; Sulchek, Todd A; Feigin, Stuart C

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

157

Spring Semester, Course Title: Scanned Probe Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: a fundamental understanding of the theoretical underpinnings behind each scanned probe technique Probe Microscopy: Atomic Scale Engineering by Forces and Currents - Adam Foster and Werner Hofer Applied Scanning Probe Methods (Vol. 1-13) ­ Bharat Bhushan, ed. Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology - Bharat

Sherrill, David

158

Probing black holes with constellation-X  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Constellation-X is a premiere X-ray spectroscopy mission due to launch within the next decade. With a factor of 100 increase in sensitivity over current X-ray spectroscopy missions and an excellent energy resolution of 2 eV at 6 keV one of the prime science goals of the mission will be to observe activity near the black hole event horizon by measuring changes in the Fe K? fluorescence emission line profile and time-linked intensity changes between the line and the continuum. Detailed variability studies with Constellation-X will allow us to reconstruct “images” of the accretion disk probe the effects of strong gravity in the vicinity of black holes and measure black hole mass and spin via deconvolution of the line profile.

Kimberly A. Weaver

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Few-cycle optical probe-pulse for investigation of relativistic laser-plasma interactions  

SciTech Connect

The development of a few-cycle optical probe-pulse for the investigation of laser-plasma interactions driven by a Ti:sapphire, 30 Terawatt (TW) laser system is described. The probe is seeded by a fraction of the driving laser's energy and is spectrally broadened via self-phase modulation in a hollow core fiber filled with a rare gas, then temporally compressed to a few optical cycles via chirped mirrors. Shadowgrams of the laser-driven plasma wave created in relativistic electron acceleration experiments are presented with few-fs temporal resolution, which is shown to be independent of post-interaction spectral filtering of the probe-beam.

Schwab, M. B.; Sävert, A.; Polz, J.; Schnell, M.; Rinck, T.; Möller, M.; Hansinger, P. [Insitut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany)] [Insitut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Jäckel, O.; Paulus, G. G.; Kaluza, M. C. [Insitut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany) [Insitut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Fröbelstieg 3, 07743 Jena (Germany); Veisz, L. [Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

160

Ethics of reproductive technologies probed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ethics of reproductive technologies probed ... Creation of human reproductive technologies—such as in-vitro fertilization, cryopreservation of embryos, and surrogate motherhood— has advanced far more rapidly than development of legal, social, and ethical frameworks to deal with the wave of issues raised. ... The 11-member panel, chaired by Howard W. Jones Jr. of Eastern Virginia Medical School, includes physicians, scientists, lawyers, a theologian, and an ethicist. ...

1986-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

pH Meter probe assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An assembly for mounting a pH probe in a flowing solution, such as a sanitary sewer line, which prevents the sensitive glass portion of the probe from becoming coated with grease, oil, and other contaminants, whereby the probe gives reliable pH indication over an extended period of time. The pH probe assembly utilizes a special filter media and a timed back-rinse feature for flushing clear surface contaminants of the filter. The flushing liquid is of a known pH and is utilized to check performance of the probe.

Hale, Charles J. (San Jose, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Core-Hole Localization Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 The behavior of the core hole created in molecular x-ray photoemission experiments has provided molecular scientists with a valuable window through which to probe the electronic structure and dynamics of molecules. But the answer to one fundamental quantum question-whether the core hole is localized or delocalized-has remained elusive for diatomic molecules in which both atoms are the same element. An international team of scientists from the University of Frankfurt in Germany, Berkeley Lab, Kansas State University, and Auburn University has now resolved the issue with an appropriate twist of quantum fuzziness. By means of coincident detection of the photoelectron ejected from molecular nitrogen and the Auger electron emitted femtoseconds later, the team found that how the measurements are done determines which description-localized or delocalized-is valid.

163

Focusing in Arthurs-Kelly-type Joint Measurements with Correlated Probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint approximate measurement schemes of position and momentum provide us with a means of inferring pieces of complementary information if we allow for the irreducible noise required by quantum theory. One such scheme is given by the Arthurs-Kelly model, where information about a system is extracted via indirect probe measurements. So far, only separable uncorrelated probes have been considered. Here, following Di Lorenzo (PRL 110, 120403 (2013)), we extend this model to both entangled and classically correlated probes, achieving full generality. We find the measured observable of the system under consideration to be covariant under phase space translations, and show that correlated probes can produce more precise joint measurement outcomes of position and momentum than the same probes can achieve if applied alone to realize a position or momentum measurement. Contrary to Di Lorenzo's claim, we find that nevertheless there are no violations of Heisenberg's measurement uncertainty relations in these generalized Arthurs-Kelly models.

Thomas J Bullock; Paul Busch

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

164

Probing Dark Energy with Constellation-X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constellation-X (Con-X) will carry out two powerful and independent sets of tests of dark energy based on X-ray observations of galaxy clusters, providing comparable accuracy to other leading dark energy probes. The first group of tests will measure the absolute distances to clusters, primarily using measurements of the X-ray gas mass fraction in the largest, dynamically relaxed clusters, but with additional constraining power provided by follow-up observations of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect. As with supernovae studies, such data determine the transformation between redshift and true distance, d(z), allowing cosmic acceleration to be measured directly. The second, independent group of tests will use the exquisite spectroscopic capabilities of Con-X to determine scaling relations between X-ray observables and mass. Together with forthcoming X-ray and SZ cluster surveys, these data will help to constrain the growth of structure, which is also a strong function of cosmological parameters.

Rapetti, D; Rapetti, David; Allen, Steven W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Probing Dark Energy with Constellation-X  

SciTech Connect

Constellation-X (Con-X) will carry out two powerful and independent sets of tests of dark energy based on X-ray observations of galaxy clusters, providing comparable accuracy to other leading dark energy probes. The first group of tests will measure the absolute distances to clusters, primarily using measurements of the X-ray gas mass fraction in the largest, dynamically relaxed clusters, but with additional constraining power provided by follow-up observations of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect. As with supernovae studies, such data determine the transformation between redshift and true distance, d(z), allowing cosmic acceleration to be measured directly. The second, independent group of tests will use the exquisite spectroscopic capabilities of Con-X to determine scaling relations between X-ray observables and mass. Together with forthcoming X-ray and SZ cluster surveys, these data will help to constrain the growth of structure, which is also a strong function of cosmological parameters.

Rapetti, David; Allen, Steven W.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

166

Probing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the understanding of this family of compounds is YMnO 3 , which has a ferrielectric transition at T C 900 K. 3-5 This gives rise to a small distortion of the two-dimensional...

167

Probing cosmic acceleration by using the SNLS3 SNIa dataset  

SciTech Connect

We probe the cosmic acceleration by using the recently released SNLS3 sample of 472 type Ia supernovae. Combining this type Ia supernovae dataset with the cosmic microwave background anisotropy data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 7-yr observations, the baryon acoustic oscillation results from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data release 7, and the Hubble constant measurement from the Wide Field Camera 3 on the Hubble Space Telescope, we measure the dark energy equation of state w and the deceleration parameter q as functions of redshift by using the Chevallier-Polarski-Linder parametrization. Our result is consistent with a cosmological constant at 1? confidence level, without evidence for the recent slowing down of the cosmic acceleration. Furthermore, we consider three binned parametrizations (w is piecewise constant in redshift z) based on different binning methods. The similar results are obtained, i.e., the ?CDM model is still nicely compatible with current observations.

Li, Xiao-Dong; Wang, Shuang; Zhang, Wen-Shuai [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Li, Song; Huang, Qing-Guo; Li, Miao, E-mail: renzhe@mail.ustc.edu.cn, E-mail: sli@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: swang@mail.ustc.edu.cn, E-mail: wszhang@mail.ustc.edu.cn, E-mail: huangqg@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: mli@itp.ac.cn [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100080 (China)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Probing the Temperature Profile of Energy Production in the Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The particle kinetic energies of pp fusion in the sun (Gamow Energy) produce small changes in the energies of pp solar neutrinos relative to those due only to exothermal energetics. Observation of this effect may be possible via the unique tools of the upcoming LENS solar neutrino detector. The temperature profile of energy production in the sun may thus be directly probed for the first time.

Christian Grieb; R. S. Raghavan

2006-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

169

Pump probe spectroscopy of quasiparticle dynamics in cuprate superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Pump probe spectroscopy is used to examine the picosecond response of a BSCCO thin film, and two YBCO crystals in the near infrared. The role of pump fluence and temperature have been closely examined in an effort to clarify the mechanism by which the quasiparticles rejoin the condensate. BSCCO results suggest that the recombination behavior is consistent with the d-wave density of states in that quasiparticles appear to relax to the nodes immediately before they rejoin the condensate. The first substantial investigation of polarized pump probe response in detwinned YBCO crystals is also reported. Dramatic doping dependent anisotropies along the a and b axes are observed in time and temperature resolved studies. Among many results, we highlight the discovery of an anomalous temperature and time dependence of a- axis response in optimally doped YBCO. We also report on the first observation of the photoinduced response in a magnetic field. We find the amplitude of the response, and in some cases, the dynamics considerably changed with the application of a 6T field. Finally, we speculate on two of the many theoretical directions stimulated by our results. We find that the two-fluid model suggests a mechanism to explain how changes at very low energies are visible to a high-energy probe. Also discussed are basic recombination processes which may play a role in the observed decay.

Segre, Gino P.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The Future of Hard and Electromagnetic Probes at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Potential near- and long-term physics opportunities with jets, heavy flavors and electromagnetic probes at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are presented. Much new physics remains to be unveiled using these probes, due to their sensitivity to the initial high density stage of RHIC collisions, when quark-gluon plasma (QGP) formation is expected. Additional physics will include addressing deconfinement, chiral symmetry restoration, properties of the strongly-coupled QGP and a possible weakly-interacting QGP, color glass condensate in the initial state, and hadronization. To fully realize the physics prospects of the RHIC energy regime, new detector components must be added to existing experiments, the RHIC machine luminosity upgraded, and a possible new detector with significantly extended coverage and capabilities added.

John W. Harris

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

171

Theoretical study of four-probe resistance in nanoscale measurements: Monatomic carbon chains and (5,5)-carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulations of four-probe resistance measurements of monatomic carbon chains and (5,5)-carbon nanotubes were carried out using the self-consistent charge density-functional tight-binding method and the Green’s function method. The four-probe resistance spectra show oscillations depending on the probe geometries and become negative at specific electron energies. These features coincide qualitatively with those experimentally observed by Gao et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 196802 (2005)]. It is shown that the resistance oscillations can be attributed to the interference of electron waves between the two voltage probes.

Asako Terasawa; Tomofumi Tada; Satoshi Watanabe

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

172

Microsoft Word - PumpProbe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pump/Probe Pump/Probe Resources Available - BE Current Mid 2014 Mid 2016 Beamline X-ray Source Total Total Total NSLS-I 0.25 0.15 0 U4B Bend 0.05 0 0 U4IR Bend 0.2 0.15 0 APS 4.75 4.75 4.75 4-ID-C CPU 0 0 0 7-ID-C&D Undulator 1 1 1 7-BM-B Bend 1 1 1 10-ID-B Undulator 0.5 0.5 0.5 11-ID-D Undulator 1 1 1 14-ID-B Undulator 1 1 1 20-ID Undulator 0.25 0.25 0.25 ALS 3 3 3 4.0.2 EPU 0 0 0 6.0.1 Undulator 1 1 1 6.0.2 Undulator 1 1 1 6.1.2 Bend 0 0 0 9.0.2 Undulator 1 1 1 11.0.1 EPU 0 0 0 11.0.2 EPU 0 0 0 SSRL 0.15 0.45 0.45

173

EPR investigations of phase transitions in amphiphilic systems using hydrophilic spin probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1653 EPR investigations of phase transitions in amphiphilic systems using hydrophilic spin probes D technique de sonde EPR a été utilisée pour étudier les transitions coagel-gel et gel-cristal liquide dans de phase est observée à ~ 120 °C. Abstract. - The EPR spin probe technique was used to study coagel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

Synthetic investigation of small-molecule probes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A series of small molecules was synthesized to probe three protein targets in order to elucidate the key small molecule-protein interactions required for potency. Triclosan… (more)

Bromba, Caleb

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams  

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Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Silicon-based transistors are well-understood, basic components of contemporary electronic technology. In contrast, there is...

176

Potential Distribution in Functionalized Graphene Devices Probed by Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

graphene sheet (FGS) [1] can be utilized in sensor technology, batteries and supercapacitors becausePotential Distribution in Functionalized Graphene Devices Probed by Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy Institute of Physics. Related Articles Ferromagnetic fluctuation in doped armchair graphene nanoribbons J

Aksay, Ilhan A.

177

Modeling of current characteristics of segmented Langmuir probe on DEMETER  

SciTech Connect

We model the current characteristics of the DEMETER Segmented Langmuir probe (SLP). The probe is used to measure electron density and temperature in the ionosphere at an altitude of approximately 700 km. It is also used to measure the plasma flow velocity in the satellite frame of reference. The probe is partitioned into seven collectors: six electrically insulated spherical segments and a guard electrode (the rest of the sphere and the small post). Comparisons are made between the predictions of the model and DEMETER measurements for actual ionospheric plasma conditions encountered along the satellite orbit. Segment characteristics are computed numerically with PTetra, a three-dimensional particle in cell simulation code. In PTetra, space is discretized with an unstructured tetrahedral mesh, thus, enabling a good representation of the probe geometry. The model also accounts for several physical effects of importance in the interaction of spacecraft with the space environment. These include satellite charging, photoelectron, and secondary electron emissions. The model is electrostatic, but it accounts for the presence of a uniform background magnetic field. PTetra simulation results show different characteristics for the different probe segments. The current collected by each segment depends on its orientation with respect to the ram direction, the plasma composition, the magnitude, and the orientation of the magnetic field. It is observed that the presence of light H{sup +} ions leads to a significant increase in the ion current branch of the I-V curves of the negatively polarized SLP. The effect of the magnetic field is demonstrated by varying its magnitude and direction with respect to the reference magnetic field. It is found that the magnetic field appreciably affects the electron current branch of the I-V curves of certain segments on the SLP, whereas the ion current branch remains almost unaffected. PTetra simulations are validated by comparing the computed characteristics and their angular anisotropy with the DEMETER measurements, as simulation results are found to be in good agreement with the measurements.

Imtiaz, Nadia; Marchand, Richard [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1 (Canada); Lebreton, Jean-Pierre [Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace (LPC2E), CNRS-Université d'Orléans, Orléans Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace (LPC2E), CNRS-Université d'Orléans, Orléans Cedex (France)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Ash chemistry and mineralogy of an Indonesian coal during combustion: Part II — Pilot scale observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports on combustion experiments carried out in a pilot scale furnace as a follow-up to research previously carried out using a drop-tube furnace to investigate the combustion behaviour of an Indonesian coal, in particular the effects of additives on ash chemistry, mineralogy and ash deposit formation. Combustion experiments were carried out in a pilot scale furnace to test the effectiveness of bauxite addition in reducing ash build-up. Samples collected from deposits on the slagging panels and fouling probe tubes, electrostatic precipitator fly ash, the furnace ash and tunnel ash were fully characterized using various analytical techniques. Experimental results substantiated earlier drop-tube observations suggesting that the use of raw coal with an addition of 3 wt.% bauxite would appear to offer the best performance with respect to slagging and fouling propensity in comparison to use of the raw coal alone. Observations on the reduction in glass content resulting from the addition of bauxite during PSF test runs support the earlier findings of the drop-tube tests. The reduction in glass content found in the slagging panel and fouling probe samples is comparable to that found in ash formation experiments conducted at 1400 °C despite the observed differences in mineralogy. Although deposits are still likely to form as indicated by the PSF runs they appear to be more friable and hence amenable to removal by conventional methods such as frequent soot blowing. These findings demonstrate how the results of laboratory experiments can be combined with those of pilot scale trials to provide data for full-scale trials on the effects of additives in the remediation of ash problems associated with the firing low-rank coals.

H.B. Vuthaluru; D. French

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Ignition Experiments  

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Ignition Experiments The goal of many NIF experiments is to create a self-sustaining "burn" of fusion fuel (the hydrogen isotopes deuterium and tritium) that produces as much or...

180

Optimizing New Dark Energy Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Next generation “Stage IV” dark energy experiments under design during this grant, and now under construction, will enable the determination of the properties of dark energy and dark matter to unprecedented precision using multiple complementary probes. The most pressing challenge in these experiments is the characterization and understanding of the systematic errors present within any given experimental configuration and the resulting impact on the accuracy of our constraints on dark energy physics. The DETF and the P5 panel in their reports recommended “Expanded support for ancillary measurements required for the long-term program and for projects that will improve our understanding and reduction of the dominant systematic measurement errors.” Looking forward to the next generation Stage IV experiments we have developed a program to address the most important potential systematic errors within these experiments. Using data from current facilities it has been feasible and timely to undertake a detailed investigation of the systematic errors. In this DOE grant we studied of the source and impact of the dominant systematic effects in dark energy measurements, and developed new analysis tools and techniques to minimize their impact. Progress under this grant is briefly reviewed in this technical report. This work was a necessary precursor to the coming generations of wide-deep probes of the nature of dark energy and dark matter. The research has already had an impact on improving the efficiencies of all Stage III and IV dark energy experiments.

Tyson, J. Anthony [University of California, Davis

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

Macroscopic observables  

SciTech Connect

We study macroscopic observables defined as the total value of a physical quantity over a collection of quantum systems. We show that previous results obtained for an infinite ensemble of identically prepared systems lead to incorrect conclusions for finite ensembles. In particular, exact measurement of a macroscopic observable significantly disturbs the state of any finite ensemble. However, we show how this disturbance can be made arbitrarily small when the measurements are of finite accuracy. We demonstrate a general trade-off between state disturbance and measurement coarseness as a function of the size of the ensemble. Using this trade-off, we show that the histories generated by any sequence of finite accuracy macroscopic measurements always generate a consistent family in the absence of large-scale entanglement for sufficiently large ensembles. Hence, macroscopic observables behave 'classically' provided that their accuracy is coarser than the quantum correlation length scale of the system. The role of these observable is also discussed in the context of NMR quantum information processing and bulk ensemble quantum state tomography.

Poulin, David [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Macroscopic observables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study macroscopic observables defined as the total value of a physical quantity over a collection of quantum systems. We show that previous results obtained for an infinite ensemble of identically prepared systems lead to incorrect conclusions for finite ensembles. In particular, exact measurement of a macroscopic observable significantly disturbs the state of any finite ensemble. However, we show how this disturbance can be made arbitrarily small when the measurements are of finite accuracy. We demonstrate a general trade-off between state disturbance and measurement coarseness as a function of the size of the ensemble. Using this trade-off, we show that the histories generated by any sequence of finite accuracy macroscopic measurements always generate a consistent family in the absence of large-scale entanglement for sufficiently large ensembles. Hence, macroscopic observables behave “classically” provided that their accuracy is coarser than the quantum correlation length scale of the system. The role of these observable is also discussed in the context of NMR quantum information processing and bulk ensemble quantum state tomography.

David Poulin

2005-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

183

Millimeter-wave active probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A millimeter-wave active probe for use in injecting signals with frequencies above 50GHz to millimeter-wave and ultrafast devices and integrated circuits including a substrate upon which a frequency multiplier consisting of filter sections and impedance matching sections are fabricated in uniplanar transmission line format. A coaxial input and uniplanar 50 ohm transmission line couple an approximately 20 GHz input signal to a low pass filter which rolls off at approximately 25 GHz. An input impedance matching section couples the energy from the low pass filter to a pair of matched, antiparallel beam lead diodes. These diodes generate odd-numberd harmonics which are coupled out of the diodes by an output impedance matching network and bandpass filter which suppresses the fundamental and third harmonics and selects the fifth harmonic for presentation at an output.

Majidi-Ahy, Gholamreza (Sunnyvale, CA); Bloom, David M. (Portola Valley, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

MERIT Pump/Probe Data OutlineOutline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MERIT Pump/Probe Data Analysis OutlineOutline The pump/probe program Particle detector response correction Pump/probe analysis results NFMCC Collaboration Meeting , LBNL, January 26, 2009 Ilias Efthymiopoulos - CERN #12;The pump/probe program #12;The pump/probe program Use of the CERN PS flexibility

McDonald, Kirk

185

Scanning Probe Microscopy Studies of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scanning Probe Microscopy Studies of Carbon Nanotubes Teri Wang Odom1 , Jason H. Hafner1 relationship between Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWNT) atomic structure and electronic properties, (2, properties and application of carbon nanotube probe microscopy tips to ultrahigh resolution and chemically

Odom, Teri W.

186

Nuclear Imaging Probes: from Bench to Bedside  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...specific imaging probes is the nuclear fuel for molecular imaging by positron emission...cancer. Cancer Res 2001;61:110-7. 24 Price DT, Coleman RE, Liao RP, Robertson CN...specific imaging probes is the nuclear fuel for molecular imaging by positron emission...

Hans-Jürgen Wester

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Intermediate energy semileptonic probes of the hadronic neutral current  

SciTech Connect

The present status and future prospects of intermediate-energy semileptonic neutral current studies are reviewed. Possibilities for using parity-violating electron scattering from nucleons and nuclei to study hadron structure and nuclear dynamics are emphasized, with particular attention paid to probes of strangeness content in the nucleon. Connections are drawn between such studies and tests of the electroweak gauge theory using electron or neutrino scattering. Outstanding theoretical issues in the interpretation of semileptonic neutral current measurements are highlighted and the prospects for undertaking parity-violating electron or neutrino scattering experiments in the near future are surveyed.

Musolf, M.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)]|[Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States). Dept. of Physics]|[CEBAF Theory Group, Newport News, VA (United States); Donnelly, T.W. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States); Dubach, J. [Massachusetts Univ., Amherst, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Pollock, S.J. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory]|[Nationaal Inst. voor Kernfysica en Hoge-Energiefysica (NIKHEF), Amsterdam (Netherlands). Sectie K; Kowalski, S. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States); Beise, E.J. [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States). W.K. Kellogg Radiation Lab.]|[Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Physics

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Proximal Probes | Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proximal Probes Facility Proximal Probes Facility proximal probes The Proximal Probes Facility consists of laboratories for microscopy, spectroscopy, and probing of nanostructured materials and their functional properties. At the core of the facility is a suite of instruments for in-situ microscopy of surfaces and nanostructures under extreme conditions, e.g., in reactive gases, and at high or low temperatures. Unique instruments enable in-situ and in-operando studies of surface chemistry and catalysis at pressures from ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) to 5 bar via complementary scanning tunneling microscopy imaging and photoelectron spectroscopy, coupled with real-time gas analysis. Several UHV systems are available for scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy, as well as low-energy electron microscopy and synchrotron photoelectron microscopy. A

189

Rugged fiber optic probe for raman measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical probe for conducting light scattering analysis is disclosed. The probe comprises a hollow housing and a probe tip. A fiber assembly made up of a transmitting fiber and a receiving bundle is inserted in the tip. A filter assembly is inserted in the housing and connected to the fiber assembly. A signal line from the light source and to the spectrometer also is connected to the filter assembly and communicates with the fiber assembly. By using a spring-loaded assembly to hold the fiber connectors together with the in-line filters, complex and sensitive alignment procedures are avoided. The close proximity of the filter assembly to the probe tip eliminates or minimizes self-scattering generated by the optical fiber. Also, because the probe can contact the sample directly, sensitive optics can be eliminated.

O'Rourke, Patrick E. (Martinez, GA); Toole, Jr., William R. (Aiken, SC); Nave, Stanley E. (Evans, GA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Simulation of Coal Ash Particle Deposition Experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulation of Coal Ash Particle Deposition Experiments† ... Ichikawa et al.(7) measured deposition behavior for ash particles from ashing tests for a series of five coals, using a nominally 1 m tall × 60 mm diameter ash-heating tube that was fitted with a cooled, temperature-controlled particle impact probe oriented at a 30° angle to the atmospheric pressure air flow. ...

Weiguo Ai; John M. Kuhlman

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

191

Galaxy peculiar velocities from large-scale supernova surveys as a dark energy probe  

SciTech Connect

Upcoming imaging surveys such as the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope will repeatedly scan large areas of sky and have the potential to yield million-supernova catalogs. Type Ia supernovae are excellent standard candles and will provide distance measures that suffice to detect mean pairwise velocities of their host galaxies. We show that when combining these distance measures with photometric redshifts for either the supernovae or their host galaxies, the mean pairwise velocities of the host galaxies will provide a dark energy probe which is competitive with other widely discussed methods. Adding information from this test to type Ia supernova photometric luminosity distances from the same experiment, plus the cosmic microwave background power spectrum from the Planck satellite, improves the Dark Energy Task Force figure of merit by a factor of 1.8. Pairwise velocity measurements require no additional observational effort beyond that required to perform the traditional supernova luminosity distance test, but may provide complementary constraints on dark energy parameters and the nature of gravity. Incorporating additional spectroscopic redshift follow-up observations could provide important dark energy constraints from pairwise velocities alone. Mean pairwise velocities are much less sensitive to systematic redshift errors than the luminosity distance test or weak lensing techniques, and also are only mildly affected by systematic evolution of supernova luminosity.

Bhattacharya, Suman; Kosowsky, Arthur; Newman, Jeffrey A.; Zentner, Andrew R. [T-2, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Probing resonant leptogenesis at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore direct collider probes of the resonant leptogenesis mechanism for the origin of matter. We work in the context of theories where the standard model (SM) is extended to include an additional gauged U(1) symmetry broken at the TeV scale, and where the light neutrinos obtain mass through a type I seesaw at this scale. The CP asymmetry that generates the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry manifests itself in a difference between the number of positive and negative like-sign dileptons N(?+?+)-N(?-?-) that arise in the decay of the new Z? gauge boson to two right-handed neutrinos N, and their subsequent decay to leptons. The relatively low efficiency of resonant leptogenesis in this class of models implies that the CP asymmetry, ?, is required to be sizable, i.e., of order one. In particular, from the sign of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe, an excess of antileptons is predicted. We identify the domains in MZ?-MN space where such a direct test is possible and find that with 300??fb-1 of data and no excess found, the LHC can set the 2? exclusion limit ??0.22.

Steve Blanchet; Z. Chacko; Solomon S. Granor; Rabindra N. Mohapatra

2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

193

MagLab - MagLab Dictionary: Probe (Transcript)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

means, "stick on which you put the sample," but probe sounds more scientific Listen Audio version Related Links Meet the Probes A magnet without a probe is like a drill without...

194

Digestion Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blank in Bulletin] BULLETIN NO. 291 FEBRUARY, 1922 DIGESTION EXPERIMENTS This is the sixth bulletin in a series whose object is to ascertain the Aceding value of Texas feeding stuffs by means of digestion experiments. Previous bulletins... The productive values and the values for digestible protein in t Bulletin have been calculated from the results of digestion esperiine? with sheep. The method of conducting the experiments is described Bulletins Nos. 147 and 166 of this Station. The production...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Probing Fukushima with cosmic rays should help speed cleanup...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Fukushima with cosmic rays Probing Fukushima with cosmic rays should help speed cleanup of damaged plant The initiative could reduce the time required to clean up the...

196

Using Rare Gas Permeation to Probe Methanol Diffusion near the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rare Gas Permeation to Probe Methanol Diffusion near the Glass Transition Temperature. Using Rare Gas Permeation to Probe Methanol Diffusion near the Glass Transition Temperature....

197

Contribution of atom-probe tomography to a better understanding...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

atom-probe tomography to a better understanding of glass alteration mechanisms: application to a nuclear glass Contribution of atom-probe tomography to a better understanding of...

198

Understanding Atom Probe Tomography of Oxide-Supported Metal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atom Probe Tomography of Oxide-Supported Metal Nanoparticles by Correlation with Atomic Resolution Electron Understanding Atom Probe Tomography of Oxide-Supported Metal...

199

Spin observables in nucleon-nucleus scattering  

SciTech Connect

The curse of inelastic nucleon scattering and charge exchange has always been the enormous complexity of the nucleon-nucleon (N-N) interaction. This complexity, however, can also be viewed as the ultimate promise of nucleons as probes of nuclear structure. Given an adequate theoretical basis, inelastic nucleon scattering is capable of providing information not obtainable with other probes. Recently a revolution of experimental technique has taken place that makes it desirable to re-examine the question of what physics is ultimately obtainable from inelastic nucleon scattering. It is now feasible to perform complete polarization transfer (PT) experiments for inelastic proton scattering with high efficiency and excellent energy resolution. Programs to measure PT obsevables are underway at several laboratories, and results are beginning to appear. Objectives of this presentation are to examine how such experiments are done, and what physics is presently obtained and may ultimately be learned from them.

Moss, J.M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Instrument Series: Microscopy Atom Probe The LEAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atom Probe Atom Probe The LEAP ® 4000 XHR local electrode atom probe tomography instrument enabled the first- ever comprehensive and accurate 3-D chemical imaging studies of low electrical conductivity materials, such as ceramics, semiconductors and oxides. The LEAP capability is assisting EMSL's efforts to further scientific advancements in interface analysis and microstructural characterization, providing a new tool for understanding the relationship between the nanoscale structure of materials and their macroscopic properties. Research Applications Geochemistry - Studying chemical processes that compose rocks and soils has long been used to determine matter cycles and transport in the environment, which supports critical EMSL research in areas including bioremediation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Characterization of Fiber Optic CMM Probe System  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a study completed on the fiber optic probe system that is a part of the Werth optical CMM. This study was necessary due to a lack of documentation from the vendor for the proper use and calibration of the fiber probe, and was performed in support of the Lithographie Galvanoformung Abformung (LIGA) development program at the FM&T. As a result of this study, a better understanding of the fiber optic probe has been developed, including guidelines for its proper use and calibration.

K.W.Swallow

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Acoustic probing of salt using sonar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACOUSTIC PROBING OF SALT USING SONAR A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN BUTLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Oecember 1977 Major Subject...: Geophysics ACOUSTIC PROBING OF SALT USING SONAR A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN BUTLER Approved as to style and content by: C airman of Com ttee ea of e r nt em er ember December 1977 ABSTRACT Acoustic Probing of Salt Using Sonar. (December 1977...

Butler, Kenneth Bryan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

203

Will multiple probes of dark energy find modified gravity?  

SciTech Connect

One of the most pressing issues in cosmology is whether general relativity (GR) plus a dark sector is the underlying physical theory or whether a modified gravity model is needed. Upcoming dark energy experiments designed to probe dark energy with multiple methods can address this question by comparing the results of the different methods in constraining dark energy parameters. Disagreement would signal the breakdown of the assumed model (GR plus dark energy). We study the power of this consistency test by projecting constraints in the w{sub 0}-w{sub a} plane from the four different techniques of the Dark Energy Survey in the event that the underlying true model is modified gravity. We find that the standard technique of looking for overlap has some shortcomings, and we propose an alternative, more powerful Multidimensional Consistency Test. We introduce the methodology for projecting whether a given experiment will be able to use this test to distinguish a modified gravity model from GR.

Shapiro, Charles [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); Dodelson, Scott [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Hoyle, Ben [Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Barcelona (Spain); Samushia, Lado [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); National Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia State University, 2A Kazbegi Ave, GE-0160 Tbilisi (Georgia); Flaugher, Brenna [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

Isentropic compression of hydrogen: Probing conditions deep in planetary interiors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We perform ab initio calculations for the equation of state of dense liquid hydrogen and deuterium using quantum molecular dynamics simulations based on finite-temperature density functional theory. This extensive data set allows us to determine specific density-temperature-pressure tracks such as the cold curve, precompressed and principal Hugoniot curves, and isentropes which are essential for the analysis and interpretation of high-pressure experiments. In this study we focus on conditions probed by recent quasi-isentropic shock compression experiments that have reached a so-far unprecedented 108-fold compression of gaseous deuterium. As these states of matter are relevant for the deep interior of Jupiter-like exoplanets we simultaneously give predictions for their isentropes.

Andreas Becker, Nadine Nettelmann, Bastian Holst, and Ronald Redmer

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

205

Will multiple probes of dark energy find modified gravity?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most pressing issues in cosmology is whether general relativity (GR) plus a dark sector is the underlying physical theory or whether a modified gravity model is needed. Upcoming dark energy experiments designed to probe dark energy with multiple methods can address this question by comparing the results of the different methods in constraining dark energy parameters. Disagreement would signal the breakdown of the assumed model (GR plus dark energy). We study the power of this consistency test by projecting constraints in the w0-wa plane from the four different techniques of the Dark Energy Survey in the event that the underlying true model is modified gravity. We find that the standard technique of looking for overlap has some shortcomings, and we propose an alternative, more powerful Multidimensional Consistency Test. We introduce the methodology for projecting whether a given experiment will be able to use this test to distinguish a modified gravity model from GR.

Charles Shapiro; Scott Dodelson; Ben Hoyle; Lado Samushia; Brenna Flaugher

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

206

Enabling direct nanoscale observations of biological reactions with dynamic TEM  

SciTech Connect

Biological processes can occur over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales; from femtoseconds to hours and from angstroms to meters. Although no single experimental method can fully cover this entire phase space, many new biological insights can be expected from a better understanding of the processes that occur on the very fast timescales and very small length scales. In this regard, new instruments that use fast x-ray or electron pulses are now available that are expected to reveal new mechanistic insights for macromolecular protein dynamics. To ensure that any observed conformational change is physiologically relevant and not constrained by three-dimensional crystal packing, it would be preferable for experiments to utilize smaller protein samples such as single particles or two-dimensional crystals that mimic the target protein’s native environment. These samples aren’t typically amenable to x-ray analysis, but transmission electron microscopy has successfully imaged such sample geometries for over 40 years and permits data acquisition using both direct imaging and diffraction modes. While conventional transmission electron microscopes (TEM) have only visualized biological samples with atomic resolution in an arrested or frozen state, the recent development of the dynamic TEM (DTEM) extends electron microscopy capabilities into dynamics. A new 2nd generation DTEM that is currently being constructed has the potential to observe live biological processes with unprecedented spatiotemporal resolution by using pulsed electron packets to probe the sample on the micro- and nanosecond timescale. In addition to the enhanced temporal resolution, the DTEM also operates in the pump-probe regime that can permit visualizing reactions propagating in real-time. This article reviews the experimental parameters necessary for coupling DTEM with in situ liquid microscopy to allow direct imaging of protein conformational dynamics in a fully hydrated environment.

Evans, James E.; Browning, Nigel D.

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

207

Topographically induced internal solitary waves in a pycnocline: Ultrasonic probes and stereo-correlation measurements  

SciTech Connect

Internal solitary waves (ISWs) are large amplitude stable waves propagating in regions of high density gradients such as the ocean pycnocline. Their dynamics has often been investigated in two-dimensional approaches, however, their three-dimensional evolution is still poorly known. Experiments have been conducted in the large stratified water tank of CNRM-GAME to study the generation of ISWs in two academic configurations inspired by oceanic regimes. First, ultrasonic probes are used to measure the interfacial displacement in the two configurations. In the primary generation case for which the two layers are of constant density, the generation of ISWs is investigated in two series of experiments with varying amplitude and forcing frequency. In the secondary generation case for which the lower layer is stratified, the generation of ISWs from the impact of an internal wave beam on the pycnocline and their subsequent dynamics is studied. The dynamics of ISWs in these two regimes accords well with analytical approaches and numerical simulations performed in analogous configurations. Then, recent developments of a stereo correlation technique are used to describe the three-dimensional structure of propagating ISWs. In the primary generation configuration, small transverse effects are observed in the course of the ISW propagation. In the secondary generation configuration, larger transverse structures are observed in the interfacial waves dynamics. The interaction between interfacial troughs and internal waves propagating in the lower stratified layer are a possible cause for the generation of these structures. The magnitude of these transverse structures is quantified with a nondimensional parameter in the two configurations. They are twice as large in the secondary generation case as in the primary generation case.

Dossmann, Yvan, E-mail: yvan.dossmann@anu.edu.au [Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200 (Australia) [Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200 (Australia); CNRM-GAME, UMR3589 METEO-FRANCE and CNRS, 42 avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse Cedex 01 (France); Laboratoire d’Aérologie, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse (France); Paci, Alexandre [CNRM-GAME, UMR3589 METEO-FRANCE and CNRS, 42 avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse Cedex 01 (France)] [CNRM-GAME, UMR3589 METEO-FRANCE and CNRS, 42 avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse Cedex 01 (France); Auclair, Francis [Laboratoire d’Aérologie, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse (France)] [Laboratoire d’Aérologie, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse (France); Lepilliez, Mathieu [CNRM-GAME, UMR3589 METEO-FRANCE and CNRS, 42 avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse Cedex 01 (France) [CNRM-GAME, UMR3589 METEO-FRANCE and CNRS, 42 avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse Cedex 01 (France); Laboratoire d’Aérologie, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse (France); Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse, 2 Allée Camille Soula, F-31400 Toulouse (France); Cid, Emmanuel [Laboratoire de Génie Chimique, UMR5503 INPT, UPS, CNRS, 4, Allée Emile Monso, F-31030 Toulouse (France)] [Laboratoire de Génie Chimique, UMR5503 INPT, UPS, CNRS, 4, Allée Emile Monso, F-31030 Toulouse (France)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

2-M Probe Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-M Probe Survey 2-M Probe Survey (Redirected from 2-M Probe) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: 2-M Probe Survey Details Activities (27) Areas (21) Regions (0) NEPA(3) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Field Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Data Collection and Mapping Parent Exploration Technique: Data Collection and Mapping Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Identify and delineate shallow thermal anomalies Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 200.0020,000 centUSD 0.2 kUSD 2.0e-4 MUSD 2.0e-7 TUSD / station Median Estimate (USD): 300.0030,000 centUSD 0.3 kUSD 3.0e-4 MUSD 3.0e-7 TUSD / station High-End Estimate (USD): 500.0050,000 centUSD 0.5 kUSD 5.0e-4 MUSD

209

Modulated microwave microscopy and probes used therewith  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave microscope including a probe tip electrode vertically positionable over a sample and projecting downwardly from the end of a cantilever. A transmission line connecting the tip electrode to the electronic control system extends along the cantilever and is separated from a ground plane at the bottom of the cantilever by a dielectric layer. The probe tip may be vertically tapped near or at the sample surface at a low frequency and the microwave signal reflected from the tip/sample interaction is demodulated at the low frequency. Alternatively, a low-frequency electrical signal is also a non-linear electrical element associated with the probe tip to non-linearly interact with the applied microwave signal and the reflected non-linear microwave signal is detected at the low frequency. The non-linear element may be semiconductor junction formed near the apex of the probe tip or be an FET formed at the base of a semiconducting tip.

Lai, Keji; Kelly, Michael; Shen, Zhi-Xun

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

210

Surface sampling concentration and reaction probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of analyzing a chemical composition of a specimen is described. The method can include providing a probe comprising an outer capillary tube and an inner capillary tube disposed co-axially within the outer capillary tube, where the inner and outer capillary tubes define a solvent capillary and a sampling capillary in fluid communication with one another at a distal end of the probe; contacting a target site on a surface of a specimen with a solvent in fluid communication with the probe; maintaining a plug volume proximate a solvent-specimen interface, wherein the plug volume is in fluid communication with the probe; draining plug sampling fluid from the plug volume through the sampling capillary; and analyzing a chemical composition of the plug sampling fluid with an analytical instrument. A system for performing the method is also described.

Van Berkel, Gary J; Elnaggar, Mariam S

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

211

Variable Temperature Scanning Probe Microscope | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EMSL's ultra-high vacuum, variable-temperature scanning probe microscope system, or UHV VT SPM, is a state-of-the-art surface science tool comprising multiple complementary...

212

Interferometric Probes of Many-Body Localization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a method for detecting many-body localization (MBL) in disordered spin systems. The method involves pulsed coherent spin manipulations that probe the dephasing of a given spin due to its entanglement with a set ...

Knap, M.

213

Catheter based magnetic resonance compatible perfusion probe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neurosurgeons are using a thermal based technique to quantify brain perfusion. The thermal diffusion probe (TDP) technology measures perfusion in a relatively small volume of brain tissue. The neurosurgeon chooses the ...

Toretta, Cara Lynne

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

LCLS CDR Chapter 3 - Scientific Experiments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Scientific Basis for Optical Systems TECHNICAL SYNOPSIS The LCLS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) has recommended experiments in five scientific disciplines for the initial operation of the LCLS. These experiments cover a variety of scientific disciplines: atomic physics, plasma physics, chemistry, biology and materials science. The x-ray optics and detectors needed to verify the LCLS capability to address these five disciplines will be constructed and installed as part of the LCLS project. The experiments are described in detail in the document "LCLS: The First Experiments" referenced earlier. Two classes of experiments are proposed for the LCLS. The first class consists of experiments where the x-ray beam is used to probe the sample, as is done in most experiments at current

215

Gamma ray bursts as probes of the first stars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The redshift where the first stars formed is an important and unknown milestone in cosmological structure formation. The evidence linking gamma ray bursts (GRBs) with star formation activity implies that the first GRBs occurred shortly after the first stars formed. Gamma ray bursts and their afterglows may thus offer a unique probe of this epoch because they are bright from gamma ray to radio wavelengths and should be observable to very high redshift. Indeed our ongoing near-IR followup programs already have the potential to detect bursts at redshift z?10. In these proceedings we discuss two distinct ways of using GRBs to probe the earliest star formation. First direct GRB counts may be used as a proxy for star formation rate measurements. Second high energy cutoffs in the GeV spectra of gamma ray bursts due to pair production with high redshift optical and ultraviolet background photons contain information on early star formation history. The second method is observationally more demanding but also more rewarding because each observed pair creation cutoff in a high redshift GRB spectrum will tell us about the integrated star formation history prior to the GRB redshift.

James E. Rhoads

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

AdHoc Probe: End-to-end Capacity Probing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AdHoc Probe: End-to-end Capacity Probing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Ling-Jyh Chen1 , Tony Sun2 and systematic study in ad hoc, multihop wireless networks is still lacking. Yet the rate of a wireless link can deployment. In this paper, we present AdHoc Probe, a packet-pair based technique, to estimate end-to-end path

Chen, Ling-Jyh

217

Hydronuclear experiments  

SciTech Connect

Hydronuclear experiments, a method for assessing some aspects of nuclear weapon safety, were conducted at Los Alamos during the 1958 to 1961 moratorium on nuclear testing. The experiments resulted in subcritical multiplying assemblies or a very slight degree of supercriticality and, in some cases, involved a slight, but insignificant, fission energy release. These experiments helped to identify so-called one-point safety problems associated with some of the nuclear weapons systems of that time. The need for remedial action was demonstrated, although some of the necessary design changes could not be made until after the resumption of weapons testing at the end of 1961.

Thorn, R.N.; Westervelt, D.R.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman- scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, S.E.; Livingston, R.R.; Prather, W.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman-scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, Stanley E. (Evans, GA); Livingston, Ronald R. (Aiken, SC); Prather, William S. (Augusta, GA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Graphene-coated tapered nanowire infrared probe: a comparison with metal-coated probes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose in this paper a graphene-coated tapered nanowire probe providing strong field enhancement in the infrared regimes. The analytical field distributions and characteristic...

Zhu, Bofeng; Ren, Guobin; Gao, Yixiao; Yang, Yang; Lian, Yudong; Jian, Shuisheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

First Observation of Plasmarons in Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

First Observation of Plasmarons in Graphene Print An international team of scientists performing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments at ALS Beamline 7.0.1...

222

ATLAS APPROVED EXPERIMENTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8MAY98 8MAY98 Exp # Spokesperson Experiment Title Days 433-9 Miller Ion Irradiations of Anisotropic High-Tc Superconductors: Probing Dynamics of Magnetic Vortices 2 651-2 Paul Accelerator-Mass-Spectrometry Measurements of Natural 236U Concentrations with the ECR-ATLAS System 4 667-2 Janssens Unsafe Coulex of the 238,239Pu Nuclei 4 669-2 Carpenter Excited States Associated with Different Shapes in 178Hg and Neighboring Odd-A Nuclei 4 673-2 Lister A Study of Radiative Decay from High Lying States in 24Mg 5 689-2 Freeman Spectroscopy of Odd Tin Isotopes Approaching 100Sn 5 693-2 Reiter Structure and Formation Mechanism of Heavy Elements - Request for additional beam time for Experiment 693 - 6 706 Kwok Heavy-Ion Lithography on High Temperature Superconductors 2 708 Yu In-Beam Spectroscopy Study of the Proton Emitter 109I with Recoil-Decay Tagging Technique

223

Ramsey Experiments Using Neutron Beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ramsey's technique of separated oscillatory fields adapted to cold neutron beams is a very sensitive method to probe for spin- dependent interactions of neutrons with magnetic and pseudomagnetic fields. In the last couple of years several distinctive experiments using this technique have been performed, e.g. to determine the incoherent neutron scattering length of the deuteron, to perform polarized neutron imaging of magnetic fields and samples, and lately, to search for new light spin-1 bosons. Here, some of these results are reviewed and possible future measurements with respect to a pulsed neutron source are presented.

Florian M. Piegsa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Mach flow angularity probes for scramjet engine flow path diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

Mach-flow angularity (MFA) probes were developed for use in scramjet flow path probe rakes. Prototype probes were fabricated to demonstrate the assembly processes (numerical control machining, furnace brazing, and electron beam welding). Tests of prototype probes confirmed the thermal durability margins and life cycle. Selected probes were calibrated in air at Mach numbers from 1.75 to 6.0. Acceptance criteria for the production probes stressed thermal durability and pressure (and, consequently, Mach number) measurement quality. This new water-cooled MFA probe has 0.397-cm shaft diameter and is capable of withstanding heat fluxes of 2.724 kW/sq cm.

Jalbert, P.A.; Hiers, R.S. Jr. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Arnold AFS, TN (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

225

Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with the CUORE experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CUORE is a next generation experiment aimed at the detection of neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of the nuclide 130 Te . The experiment which will take place in the Gran Sasso National Laboratory (Italy) will look for this rare decay using the macrobolometric technique with a prospected array of 988 detectors. Each bolometer will be constituted by a 5×5×5? cm 3 TeO 2 crystal for a total mass of about 200 kg of 130 Te and will be maintained at a temperature of 10 mK. CUORE will probe the effective mass of the neutrino with a sensitivity of a few tens of meV. If an excess of counts are observed above background at the 2.5 MeV corresponding to the Q?value of the decay CUORE will answer several questions that are still open in the field of neutrino physics such as the determination of the particle’s Majorana nature and of the absolute mass scale. A prototype for CUORE in Gran Sasso named CUORICINO has just closed after five years proving its importance as a stand?alone experiment.

P. Gorla; CUORE collaboration

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Experimental Parameters for a Cerium 144 Based Intense Electron Antineutrino Generator Experiment at Very Short Baselines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard three-neutrino oscillation paradigm, associated with small squared mass splittings > 0.01 eV^2, and being insensitive to standard weak interactions. Precision measurements at very short baselines (5 to 15 m) with intense MeV electronic antineutrino emitters can be used to probe these anomalies. In this article, the expected antineutrino signal and backgrounds of a generic experiment which consists of deploying an intense beta minus radioactive source inside or in the vicinity of a large liquid scintillator detector are studied. The technical challenges to perform such an experiment are identified, along with quantifying the possible source and detector induced systematics, and their impact on the sensitivity to the observation of neutrino oscillations at short baselines.

Gaffiot, J; Mention, G; Vivier, M; Cribier, M; Durero, M; Fischer, V; Letourneau, A; Dumonteil, E; Saldikov, I S; Tikhomirov, G V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Climbing the Jaynes-Cummings Ladder and Observing its Sqrt(n) Nonlinearity in a Cavity QED System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The already very active field of cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED), traditionally studied in atomic systems, has recently gained additional momentum by the advent of experiments with semiconducting and superconducting systems. In these solid state implementations, novel quantum optics experiments are enabled by the possibility to engineer many of the characteristic parameters at will. In cavity QED, the observation of the vacuum Rabi mode splitting is a hallmark experiment aimed at probing the nature of matter-light interaction on the level of a single quantum. However, this effect can, at least in principle, be explained classically as the normal mode splitting of two coupled linear oscillators. It has been suggested that an observation of the scaling of the resonant atom-photon coupling strength in the Jaynes-Cummings energy ladder with the square root of photon number n is sufficient to prove that the system is quantum mechanical in nature. Here we report a direct spectroscopic observation of this characteristic quantum nonlinearity. Measuring the photonic degree of freedom of the coupled system, our measurements provide unambiguous, long sought for spectroscopic evidence for the quantum nature of the resonant atom-field interaction in cavity QED. We explore atom-photon superposition states involving up to two photons, using a spectroscopic pump and probe technique. The experiments have been performed in a circuit QED setup, in which ultra strong coupling is realized by the large dipole coupling strength and the long coherence time of a superconducting qubit embedded in a high quality on-chip microwave cavity.

J. M. Fink; M. Goeppl; M. Baur; R. Bianchetti; P. J. Leek; A. Blais; A. Wallraff

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

228

Decaying dark matter as a probe of unification and TeV spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In supersymmetric unified theories the dark matter particle can decay, just like the proton, through grand unified interactions with a lifetime of order of ?1026??sec. Its decay products can be detected by several experiments—including Fermi, HESS, PAMELA, ATIC, and IceCube—opening our first direct window to physics at the TeV scale and simultaneously at the unification scale ?1016??GeV. We consider possibilities for explaining the electron/positron spectra observed by HESS, PAMELA, and ATIC, and the resulting predictions for the gamma-ray, electron/positron, and neutrino spectra as will be measured, for example, by Fermi and IceCube. The discovery of an isotropic, hard gamma ray spectral feature at Fermi would be strong evidence for dark matter and would disfavor astrophysical sources such as pulsars. Substructure in the cosmic ray spectra probes the spectroscopy of new TeV-mass particles. For example, a preponderance of electrons in the final state can result from the lightness of selectrons relative to squarks. Decaying dark matter acts as a sparticle injector with an energy reach potentially higher than the LHC. The resulting cosmic ray flux depends only on the values of the weak and unification scales.

Asimina Arvanitaki; Savas Dimopoulos; Sergei Dubovsky; Peter W. Graham; Roni Harnik; Surjeet Rajendran

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

229

Very high energy emission as a probe of relativistic magnetic reconnection in pulsar winds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The population of gamma-ray pulsars, including Crab observed in the TeV range, and Vela detected above 50 GeV, challenges existing models of pulsed high-energy emission. Such models should be universally applicable, yet they should account for spectral differences among the pulsars. We show that the gamma-ray emission of Crab and Vela can be explained by synchrotron radiation from the current sheet of a striped wind, expanding with a modest Lorentz factor $\\Gamma\\lesssim100$ in the Crab case, and $\\Gamma\\lesssim50$ in the Vela case. In the Crab spectrum a new synchrotron self-Compton component is expected to be detected by the upcoming experiment CTA. We suggest that the gamma-ray spectrum directly probes the physics of relativistic magnetic reconnection in the striped wind. In the most energetic pulsars, like Crab, with $\\dot{E}_{38}^{3/2}/P_{-2}\\gtrsim0.002$ (where $\\dot{E}$ is the spin down power, $P$ is the pulsar period, and $X=X_i\\times10^i$ in CGS units), reconnection proceeds in the radiative cooling ...

Mochol, Iwona

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Combining weak lensing tomography with halo clustering to probe dark energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two methods of constraining the properties of dark energy are weak lensing tomography and cluster counting. Uncertainties in mass calibration of clusters can be reduced by using the properties of halo clustering (the clustering of clusters). However, within a single survey, weak lensing and halo clustering probe the same density fluctuations. We explore the question of whether this information can be used twice—once in weak lensing and then again in halo clustering to calibrate cluster masses—or whether the combined dark energy constraints are weaker than the sum of the individual constraints. For a survey like the Dark Energy Survey (DES), we find that the cosmic shearing of source galaxies at high redshifts is indeed highly correlated with halo clustering at lower redshifts. Surprisingly, this correlation does not degrade cosmological constraints for a DES-like survey, and in fact, constraints are marginally improved since the correlations themselves act as additional observables. This considerably simplifies the analysis for a DES-like survey: when weak lensing and halo clustering are treated as independent experiments, the combined dark energy constraints (cluster counts included) are accurate if not slightly conservative. Our findings mirror those of Takada and Bridle, who investigated correlations between the cosmic shear and cluster counts.

Charles Shapiro and Scott Dodelson

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

231

Geek-Up[2.11.2011]: Fuels from Fungi & Medical Probes from Fireflies |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2.11.2011]: Fuels from Fungi & Medical Probes from 2.11.2011]: Fuels from Fungi & Medical Probes from Fireflies Geek-Up[2.11.2011]: Fuels from Fungi & Medical Probes from Fireflies February 11, 2011 - 5:34pm Addthis Bioluminescent signal from firefly luciferase lights up a mouse 30 minutes after injection with PCL-1. Source: Christopher Chang Bioluminescent signal from firefly luciferase lights up a mouse 30 minutes after injection with PCL-1. Source: Christopher Chang Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs Scientists at Sandia National Lab, in collaboration with Montana State University Professor Gary Strobel, are working to advance fuels from fungi. More specifically, to modify a class of fungi - endrophytes - to produce biofuels for internal combustion engines.

232

Calibration of magnetic probes in the vicinity of a conducting well  

SciTech Connect

Measuring magnetic fields near the edge of a plasma device can be complicated by the geometric effects of the ports through which such measurements are made. The primary effect is an attenuation of the magnetic field at the probe coil due to the field expanding into the finite sized conducting well of the port. In addition, it is possible to determine the correspondence between the location of a field line as it intersects the probe coil inside the well, with its location far from the perturbation of the well. Here we explore several methods of experimentally characterizing the magnetic fields in the vicinity of the magnetic probe ports of a vacuum vessel, with the aim of improving the interpretation of magnetic measurements needed for experiments in plasma physics.

Howard, S. J.; Horton, R. D.; Hwang, D. Q.; Evans, R. W.; Brockington, S. J. [Department of Applied Science, UC Davis, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

TiO2 Nanoparticles as a Soft X-ray Molecular Probe  

SciTech Connect

With the emergence of soft x-ray techniques for imaging cells, there is a pressing need to develop protein localization probes that can be unambiguously identified within the region of x-ray spectrum used for imaging. TiO2 nanocrystal colloids, which have a strong absorption cross-section within the "water-window" region of x-rays, areideally suited as soft x-ray microscopy probes. To demonstrate their efficacy, TiO2-streptavidin nanoconjugates were prepared and subsequently labeled microtubules polymerized from biotinylated tubulin. The microtubules were imaged using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM), and the TiO2 nanoparticle tags were specifically identified using x-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES). These experiments demonstrate that TiO2 nanoparticles are potential probes for protein localization analyses using soft x-ray microscopy.

Larabell, Carolyn; Ashcroft, Jared M.; Gu, Weiwei; Zhang, Tierui; Hughes, Steven M.; Hartman, Keith B.; Hofmann, Cristina; Kanaras, Antonios G.; Kilcoyne, David A.; Le Gros, Mark; Yin, Yadong; Alivisatos, A. Paul; Larabell, Carolyn A.

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

234

Broadband calibration for magnetic probes for use in the Maryland spheromak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic probes are commonly used in plasma experiments to measure the magnetic and plasma properties of the configuration. Probes consisting of coils of copper wire encased in one or more layers of stainless?steel tubing are used both inside and outside the plasma to measure the magnetic field in the Maryland spheromak. A technique has been developed to calibrate the probes over a large frequency bandwidth using digital computer signal processing. The frequency?dependent effects of the stainless?steel tubing and the self?inductance of the coils on the recorded signal are taken into account over the entire bandwidth. This technique may also be used to take into account the eddy currents present in the metal vessel walls.

R. S. Shaw; J. H. Booske; M. J. McCarrick

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

In situ observations of the ionized environment of Mars: the antenna impedance measurements experiment, AIM, proposed as part of the Mars advanced radar for subsurface and ionospheric sounding, MARSIS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although the priority is not very high, one of the scientific objectives of the Mars Express mission is to study the interaction of the Martian atmosphere with the interplanetary medium. Regarding Mars, the term “atmosphere” must be interpreted in its broadest sense, that is including the exospheric neutral and charged particles of planetary origin, which both extend deeply into the interplanetary medium and strongly interact with it. The antenna impedance measurements (AIM) experiment has been proposed within this framework. The main idea was to take advantage of the presence of a radar antenna onboard the Mars Express Orbiter and to measure its self-impedance in a frequency bandwidth that contains the plasma frequency. Both the real and imaginary parts of the antenna impedance are functions of the total plasma density and electron temperature. Consequently, with about 700 g of electronics, box, cables, and a rather simple interface to the radar antenna it becomes possible to monitor two local aeronomical parameters that play a fundamental role in the interaction between the Martian environment and the solar wind. Due to its lower-frequency bandwidth (8 kHz–2 MHz), which allows a full coverage from the shocked solar wind down to the ionosphere, its capability of measuring the electron temperature, and the reliability of its measurements the AIM experiment perfectly complements the Mars advanced radar for subsurface and ionospheric sounding (MARSIS) ionospheric investigations. In particular, careful computations show that the electron temperature can hardly be derived from the passive electric field measurements planned to be made by MARSIS. Unfortunately, due to a too late decision about the additional payload selection, the proposal of AIM as part of the MARSIS has been rejected.

J.G Trotignon; H.-C Séran; C Béghin; N Meyer–Vernet; R Manning; R Grard; H Laakso

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Probing reheating with primordial spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the impacts of reheating temperature on the inflationary predictions of the spectral index and tensor-to-scalar ratio. Assuming that reheating process is very fast, the reheating temperature can be constrained for sinusoidal oscillation within a factor of 10 - 100 or even better with the prospect of future observations. Beyond this, we find that the predictions can also be insensitive to the reheating temperature in certain models, including the Higgs inflation.

Gong, Jinn-Ouk; Leung, Godfrey

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The technology development status of the Solar Probe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The continuing development of new spacecraft technologies promises to enable the Solar Probe to be the first mission to travel in the atmosphere or corona of the sun. The most significant technology challenge is the thermal shield that would protect the spacecraft from the flux of 3000 suns (400? W/cm ? ** ??2) at the perihelion radius of 4 solar radii while allowing the spacecraft subsystems to operate at near room temperature. One of the key design issues of the shield is not simply surviving but operating at temperatures well above 2000K while minimizing the sublimation from the shield surface. Excessive sublimation could cause interference with the plasma science experiments that are fundamental to the Solar Probe’s scientific objectives of measuring the birth and development of the solar wind. The selection of a special type of carbon-carbon as the shield material seems assured at this time. Tests of this material in late 1996 were designed to confirm its optical surface properties and mass loss characteristics and the results are encouraging. The shield concept incorporates dual functions as a thermal shield and as a large high gain antenna. This latter function is important because of the difficult communications environment encountered within the solar corona. A high temperature feed concept under development is discussed here. The NASA guideline requiring non-nuclear power sources has introduced the requirement for alternative power sources. The current concept uses high temperature photovoltaic arrays as well as high energy low mass batteries to provide power during the perihelion phase of the mission. Testing of photovoltaic cells at high sun angles was completed in 1996 and the results are presented here. Finally a miniaturized science payload which relies on the latest advances in analyzer and detector technologies will be developed to minimize mass and power requirements.

James E. Randolph; Juan A. Ayon; Geoffrey D. Harvey; William A. Imbriale; Robert N. Miyake; Robert L. Mueller; Bill J. Nesmith; P. Richard Turner; Ray B. Dirling Jr.; Jeffrey C. Preble; Suraj Rawal; Wallace L. Vaughn

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Did last-minute change cause loss of $l-billion Mars probe?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , Mars Observer project manager. It was NASA's concern about shock-waves from these pyrotechnic valves - equivalent to "tapping the probe with a ham-mer", according to ... fuel just before the final boost into the Mars orbit, by releas-ing the four pyrotechnic valves (two on each helium pipe). The team took this action because they ...

Colin Macilwain

1993-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

239

Emplacing experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose that understandings of the role of space and place in everyday life are of value to designing the environment of Role Playing Games (RPGs). We compare aspects of space and place in spatial experiences while moving through terrains in physical ... Keywords: place, space, video games

David Browning; Steven Stanley; Michael Fryer; Nicola J Bidwell

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere Researchers have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. April 11, 2013 Lightning. Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) The team found that the electron density in the lower ionosphere decreased in response to lightning discharges. Thunderstorms, and the resulting partially ionized plasma of the ionosphere, can distort radio signals traveling to satellites important to communications, navigation or national security Los Alamos researchers and a collaborator have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. This study supports one theory for how tropospheric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Silicon-based transistors are well-understood, basic components of contemporary electronic technology. In contrast, there is growing need for the development of electronic devices based on organic polymer materials. Organic field-effect transistors (FETs) are ideal for special applications that require large areas, light weight, and structural flexibility. They also have the advantage of being easy to mass-produce at very low cost. However, even though this class of devices is finding a growing number of applications, electronic processes in organic materials are still not well understood. A group of researchers from the University of California and the ALS has succeeded in probing the intrinsic electronic properties of the charge carriers in organic FETs using infrared spectromicroscopy. The results of their study could help in the future development of sensors, large-area displays, and other plastic electronic components.

242

Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere Researchers have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. April 11, 2013 Lightning. Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) The team found that the electron density in the lower ionosphere decreased in response to lightning discharges. Thunderstorms, and the resulting partially ionized plasma of the ionosphere, can distort radio signals traveling to satellites important to communications, navigation or national security Los Alamos researchers and a collaborator have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. This study supports one theory for how tropospheric

243

Gamma-ray blind beta particle probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An intra-operative beta particle probe is provided by placing a suitable photomultiplier tube (PMT), micro channel plate (MCP) or other electron multiplier device within a vacuum housing equipped with: 1) an appropriate beta particle permeable window; and 2) electron detection circuitry. Beta particles emitted in the immediate vicinity of the probe window will be received by the electron multiplier device and amplified to produce a detectable signal. Such a device is useful as a gamma insensitive, intra-operative, beta particle probe in surgeries where the patient has been injected with a beta emitting radiopharmaceutical. The method of use of such a device is also described, as is a position sensitive such device.

Weisenberger, Andrew G. (Grafton, VA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

2-M Probe Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-M Probe Survey 2-M Probe Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: 2-M Probe Survey Details Activities (27) Areas (21) Regions (0) NEPA(3) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Field Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Data Collection and Mapping Parent Exploration Technique: Data Collection and Mapping Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Identify and delineate shallow thermal anomalies Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 200.0020,000 centUSD 0.2 kUSD 2.0e-4 MUSD 2.0e-7 TUSD / station Median Estimate (USD): 300.0030,000 centUSD 0.3 kUSD 3.0e-4 MUSD 3.0e-7 TUSD / station High-End Estimate (USD): 500.0050,000 centUSD 0.5 kUSD 5.0e-4 MUSD 5.0e-7 TUSD / station

245

Results from Neutrino Oscillations Experiments  

SciTech Connect

The interpretation of the results of early solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments in terms of neutrino oscillations has been verified by several recent experiments using both, natural and man-made sources. The observations provide compelling evidence in favor of the existence of neutrino masses and mixings. These proceedings give a general description of the results from neutrino oscillation experiments, the current status of the field, and some possible future developments.

Aguilar-Arevalo, Alexis [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico, D.F., 04510 (Mexico)

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

246

Probing deformed commutators with macroscopic harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A minimal observable length is a common feature of theories that aim to merge quantum physics and gravity. Quantum mechanically, this concept is associated to a nonzero minimal uncertainty in position measurements, which is encoded in deformed commutation relations. In spite of increasing theoretical interest, the subject suffers from the complete lack of dedicated experiments and bounds to the deformation parameters are roughly extrapolated from indirect measurements. As recently proposed, low-energy mechanical oscillators could allow to reveal the effect of a modified commutator. Here we analyze the free evolution of high quality factor micro- and nano-oscillators, spanning a wide range of masses around the Planck mass $m_{\\mathrm{P}}$ (${\\approx 22\\,\\mu\\mathrm{g}}$), and compare it with a model of deformed dynamics. Previous limits to the parameters quantifying the commutator deformation are substantially lowered.

Mateusz Bawaj; Ciro Biancofiore; Michele Bonaldi; Federica Bonfigli; Antonio Borrielli; Giovanni Di Giuseppe; Lorenzo Marconi; Francesco Marino; Riccardo Natali; Antonio Pontin; Giovanni A. Prodi; Enrico Serra; David Vitali; Francesco Marin

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

247

Probing deformed commutators with macroscopic harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A minimal observable length is a common feature of theories that aim to merge quantum physics and gravity. Quantum mechanically, this concept is associated to a nonzero minimal uncertainty in position measurements, which is encoded in deformed commutation relations. In spite of increasing theoretical interest, the subject suffers from the complete lack of dedicated experiments and bounds to the deformation parameters are roughly extrapolated from indirect measurements. As recently proposed, low-energy mechanical oscillators could allow to reveal the effect of a modified commutator. Here we analyze the free evolution of high quality factor micro- and nano-oscillators, spanning a wide range of masses around the Planck mass $m_{\\mathrm{P}}$ (${\\approx 22\\,\\mu\\mathrm{g}}$), and compare it with a model of deformed dynamics. Previous limits to the parameters quantifying the commutator deformation are substantially lowered.

Bawaj, Mateusz; Bonaldi, Michele; Bonfigli, Federica; Borrielli, Antonio; Di Giuseppe, Giovanni; Marconi, Lorenzo; Marino, Francesco; Natali, Riccardo; Pontin, Antonio; Prodi, Giovanni A; Serra, Enrico; Vitali, David; Marin, Francesco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Nuclear structure studies with medium energy probes. [Northwestern Univ  

SciTech Connect

Progress in the continuing program of experimental research in nuclear structure with medium-energy probes during the year 1979-1980 is reviewed, and the research activities planned for the year 1980-1981 are discussed. In the study of pion-induced reactions emphasis is placed on investigation of isovector characteristics of nuclear excitations and on double charge exchange reactions. Pion production studies form the major part of the program of experiments with proton beams of 400 to 800 MeV at LAMPF. Current emphasis is on the bearing of these investigations on di-baryon existence. The study of high-spin states and magnetic scattering constitute the main goals of the electron scattering program at Bates. Representative results are presented; completed work is reported in the usual publications. (RWR)

Seth, Kamal K.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Ash chemistry and mineralogy of an Indonesian coal during combustion: Part 1 Drop-tube observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper reports a systematic and comprehensive laboratory investigation into the ash chemistry and mineralogical changes undergone by a low-rank Indonesian coal during combustion. Combustion experiments conducted in a drop-tube furnace included ash formation experiments (using cyclone and filter arrangement) under closely controlled conditions in the range of 1200–1400 °C and deposition experiments at a probe temperature of 750 °C. Tests conducted with raw coal, coal/additive mixtures and washed coal indicated significant changes in ash characteristics. Of the ash formation and deposit samples examined, the raw coal + bauxite showed the lowest glass content and high contents of corundum indicating low ash deposition propensities. When compared to the ash formation samples, the deposit samples showed even significantly lower glass contents and were enriched in quartz. With the exception of the raw coal + bauxite sample, all are characterized by high silica and iron and moderate aluminium contents. In contrast, the raw coal + bauxite sample have low silica and much higher alumina contents which is in agreement with XRD observations. QEMSCAN™ results showed that the ash particles are sparsely distributed suggesting lack of a deposit initiation layer. Experimental observations suggest that the use of raw coal with bauxite would appear to offer the best performance with respect to handling ash-related issues. Present findings are of practical significance to power utilities employing Indonesian coal as there is no comprehensive work reported in the literature on ash chemistry and mineralogy of such coals.

H.B. Vuthaluru; D. French

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Building Knowledge through Families of Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building Knowledge through Families of Experiments Victor R. Basili, Fellow, IEEE, Forrest Shull, and build models that represent the common observations about the discipline. This paper discusses building knowledge in an incremental manner through the replication of experiments within families

Basili, Victor R.

251

Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Organic Transistors with Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Wednesday, 26 July 2006 00:00 Silicon-based transistors are well-understood, basic components of contemporary electronic technology. In contrast, there is growing need for the development of electronic devices based on organic polymer materials. Organic field-effect transistors (FETs) are ideal for special applications that require large areas, light weight, and structural flexibility. They also have the advantage of being easy to mass-produce at very low cost. However, even though this class of devices is finding a growing number of applications, electronic processes in organic materials are still not well understood. A group of researchers from the University of California and the ALS has succeeded in probing the intrinsic electronic properties of the charge carriers in organic FETs using infrared spectromicroscopy. The results of their study could help in the future development of sensors, large-area displays, and other plastic electronic components.

252

Complementarity of future dark energy probes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......alternative to the standard figure of merit of a survey (Albrecht et al...actually a better figure of merit than the one put forward by...probes discussed have their merits, but weak lensing and baryon...simulation data. We sincerely thank Nick Kaiser for providing us information......

Jiayu Tang; Filipe B. Abdalla; Jochen Weller

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

253

Magnetic dipole discharges. II. Cathode and anode spot discharges and probe diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

The high current regime of a magnetron-type discharge has been investigated. The discharge uses a permanent magnet as a cold cathode which emits secondary electrons while the chamber wall or a grounded electrode serves as the anode. As the discharge voltage is increased, the magnet develops cathode spots, which are short duration arcs that provide copious electrons to increase the discharge current dramatically. Short (1 ?s), high current (200 A) and high voltage (750 V) discharge pulses are produced in a relaxation instability between the plasma and a charging capacitor. Spots are also observed on a negatively biased plane Langmuir probe. The probe current pulses are as large as those on the magnet, implying that the high discharge current does not depend on the cathode surface area but on the properties of the spots. The fast current pulses produce large inductive voltages, which can reverse the electrical polarity of the magnet and temporarily operate it as an anode. The discharge current may also oscillate at the frequency determined by the charging capacitor and the discharge circuit inductance. Each half cycle of high-current current pulses exhibits a fast (?10 ns) current rise when a spot is formed. It induces high frequency (10–100 MHz) transients and ringing oscillations in probes and current circuits. Most probes behave like unmatched antennas for the electromagnetic pulses of spot discharges. Examples are shown to distinguish the source of oscillations and some rf characteristics of Langmuir probes.

Stenzel, R. L.; Urrutia, J. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1547 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1547 (United States); Ionita, C.; Schrittwieser, R. [Institute for Ion Physics and Applied Physics, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)] [Institute for Ion Physics and Applied Physics, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Probing the puncture for black hole simulations  

SciTech Connect

With the puncture method for black hole simulations, the second infinity of a wormhole geometry is compactified to a single 'puncture point' on the computational grid. The region surrounding the puncture quickly evolves to a trumpet geometry. The computational grid covers only a portion of the trumpet throat. It ends at a boundary whose location depends on resolution. This raises the possibility that perturbations in the trumpet geometry could propagate down the trumpet throat, reflect from the puncture boundary, and return to the black hole exterior with a resolution-dependent time delay. Such pathological behavior is not observed. This is explained by the observation that some perturbative modes propagate in the conformal geometry, others propagate in the physical geometry. The puncture boundary exists only in the physical geometry. The modes that propagate in the physical geometry are always directed away from the computational domain at the puncture boundary. The finite difference stencils ensure that these modes are advected through the boundary with no coupling to the modes that propagate in the conformal geometry. These results are supported by numerical experiments with a code that evolves spherically symmetric gravitational fields with standard Cartesian finite difference stencils. The code uses the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura formulation of Einstein's equations with 1+log slicing and gamma-driver shift conditions.

Brown, J. David [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Electromagnetic probes of the QGP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of the QCD matter across the deconfinement phase transition in the scope of the parton-hadron string dynamics (PHSD) transport approach. We present here in particular the results on the electromagnetic radiation, i.e. photon and dilepton production, in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. By comparing our calculations for the heavy-ion collisions to the available data, we determine the relative importance of the various production sources and address the possible origin of the observed strong elliptic flow $v_2$ of direct photons. We argue that the different centrality dependence of the hadronic and partonic sources for direct photon production in nucleus-nucleus collisions can be employed to shed some more light on the origin of the photon $v_2$ "puzzle". While the dilepton spectra at low invariant mass show in-medium effects like an enhancement from multiple baryonic resonance formation or a collisional broadening of the vector meson spectral functions, the dilepton yield at high...

Bratkovskaya, E L; Cassing, W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Electromagnetic probes of the QGP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of the QCD matter across the deconfinement phase transition in the scope of the parton-hadron string dynamics (PHSD) transport approach. We present here in particular the results on the electromagnetic radiation, i.e. photon and dilepton production, in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. By comparing our calculations for the heavy-ion collisions to the available data, we determine the relative importance of the various production sources and address the possible origin of the observed strong elliptic flow $v_2$ of direct photons. We argue that the different centrality dependence of the hadronic and partonic sources for direct photon production in nucleus-nucleus collisions can be employed to shed some more light on the origin of the photon $v_2$ "puzzle". While the dilepton spectra at low invariant mass show in-medium effects like an enhancement from multiple baryonic resonance formation or a collisional broadening of the vector meson spectral functions, the dilepton yield at high invariant masses (above 1.1 GeV) is dominated by QGP contributions for central heavy-ion collisions at ultra-relativistic energies. This allows to have an independent view on the parton dynamics via their electromagnetic massive radiation.

E. L. Bratkovskaya; O. Linnyk; W. Cassing

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Semiconductor nanocrystal probes for biological applications and process for making and using such probes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A semiconductor nanocrystal compound and probe are described. The compound is capable of linking to one or more affinity molecules. The compound comprises (1) one or more semiconductor nanocrystals capable of, in response to exposure to a first energy, providing a second energy, and (2) one or more linking agents, having a first portion linked to the one or more semiconductor nanocrystals and a second portion capable of linking to one or more affinity molecules. One or more semiconductor nanocrystal compounds are linked to one or more affinity molecules to form a semiconductor nanocrystal probe capable of bonding with one or more detectable substances in a material being analyzed, and capable of, in response to exposure to a first energy, providing a second energy. Also described are processes for respectively: making the semiconductor nanocrystal compound; making the semiconductor nanocrystal probe; and treating materials with the probe.

Weiss, Shimon; Bruchez, Marcel; Alivisatos, Paul

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

258

Steady and unsteady calibration of multi-hole probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the development of a data crographics. reduction algorithm for multi-hole pressure probes. The algorithm has been developed for the reduction of calibration data from miniature non-nulling multi-hole probes in compressible...

Johansen, Espen S

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Lens-array PDV Probe Using a Pyramid Prism  

SciTech Connect

A bug eye probe is shown using a pyramid prism, and its advantages and disadvantages are enumerated. Also shown is abug eye imaging probe, with its advantages and disadvantages enumerated.

Malone, R. M., Kaufman, M. I., Cox, B., Romero, V., Cata B., Sorenson, D. Pazuchanics, P.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

In situ chemical probing of the electrode-electrolyte interface...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

chemical probing of the electrode-electrolyte interface by ToF-SIMS. In situ chemical probing of the electrode-electrolyte interface by ToF-SIMS. Abstract: A portable vacuum...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Investigations of Probe Induced Perturbations in a Hall Thruster  

SciTech Connect

An electrostatic probe used to measure spatial plasma parameters in a Hall thruster generates perturbations of the plasma. These perturbations are examined by varying the probe material, penetration distance, residence time, and the nominal thruster conditions. The study leads us to recommendations for probe design and thruster operating conditions to reduce discharge perturbations, including metal shielding of the probe insulator and operation of the thruster at lower densities.

D. Staack; Y. Raitses; N.J. Fisch

2002-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

262

Probing Single-Molecule Protein Conformational Dynamics. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Single-Molecule Protein Conformational Dynamics. Probing Single-Molecule Protein Conformational Dynamics. Abstract: Protein conformational fluctuations and dynamics, often...

263

Dynamics of positive probes in underdense, strongly magnetized, E×B drifting plasma: Particle-in-cell simulations  

SciTech Connect

Electron trapping, electron heating, space-charge wings, wake eddies, and current collection by a positive probe in E×B drifting plasma were studied in three-dimensional electromagnetic particle-in-cell simulations. In these simulations, electrons and ions were magnetized with respect to the probe and the plasma was underdense (?{sub pe}probe was created with background electric and magnetic fields. Four distinct regions developed in the presences of the positive probe: a quasi-trapped electron region, an electron-depletion wing, an ion-rich wing, and a wake region. We report on the observations of strong electron heating mechanisms, space-charge wings, ion cyclotron charge-density eddies in the wake, electron acceleration due to a magnetic presheath, and the current-voltage relationship.

Heinrich, Jonathon R.; Cooke, David L. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico 87117 (United States)] [Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico 87117 (United States)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

High energy imploding liner experiment HEL-1: Experimental results  

SciTech Connect

Magnetically driven imploding liner systems can be used as a source of shock energy for materials equation of state studies, implosion driven magnetized plasma fusion experiments, and other similar applications. The imploding liner is a cylinder of conducting material through which a current is passed in the longitudinal direction. Interaction of the current with its own magnetic field causes the liner to implode. Sources of electrical energy for imploding liner systems are capacitor banks or explosive pulse power systems seeded by capacitor banks. In August, 1996, a high energy liner experiment (HEL-1) was conducted at the All-Russia Scientific Research Institute (VNIIEF) in Sarov, Russia. A 5 tier 1 meter diameter explosive disk generator provided electrical energy to drive a 48 cm outside diameter, 4 mm thick, aluminum alloy liner having a mass of about 11kg onto an 11 cm diameter diagnostic package. The purpose of the experiment was to measure performance of the explosive pulse power generator and the heavy imploding liner. Electrical performance diagnostics included inductive (B-dot) probes, Faraday Rotation current measurement, Rogowski total current measurement, and voltage probes. Flux loss and conductor motion diagnostics included current-joint voltage measurements and motion sensing contact pins. Optical and electrical impact pins, inductive (B-dot) probes, manganin pressure probes, and continuously recording resistance probes in the Central Measuring Unit (CMU) and Piezo and manganin pressure probes, optical beam breakers, and inductive probes located in the glide planes were used as liner symmetry and velocity diagnostics. Preliminary analysis of the data indicate that a peak current of more than 100 MA was attained and the liner velocity was between 6.7 km/sec and 7.5 km/sec. Liner kinetic energy was between 22 MJ and 35 MJ. 4 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Clark, D.A.; Anderson, B.G.; Ekdahl, C.A. [and others

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Supernova observations for neutrino mixing parameters  

SciTech Connect

The neutrino spectra from a future galactic core collapse supernova could reveal information on the neutrino mixing pattern, especially on {theta}{sub 13} and the mass hierarchy. I briefly outline our current understanding of neutrino flavor conversions inside a supernova, and point out possible signatures of various neutrino mixing scenarios that the neutrino detectors should look for. Supernova neutrinos provide a probe for {theta}{sub 13} and mass hierarchy that is complementary to, and sometimes even better than, the current and proposed terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments.

Dighe, Amol [Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

266

SYSTEMATIC EFFECTS IN INTERFEROMETRIC OBSERVATIONS OF THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND POLARIZATION  

SciTech Connect

The detection of the primordial B-mode spectrum of the polarized cosmic microwave background (CMB) signal may provide a probe of inflation. However, observation of such a faint signal requires excellent control of systematic errors. Interferometry proves to be a promising approach for overcoming such a challenge. In this paper we present a complete simulation pipeline of interferometric observations of CMB polarization, including systematic errors. We employ two different methods for obtaining the power spectra from mock data produced by simulated observations: the maximum likelihood method and the method of Gibbs sampling. We show that the results from both methods are consistent with each other as well as, within a factor of six, with analytical estimates. Several categories of systematic errors are considered: instrumental errors, consisting of antenna gain and antenna coupling errors; and beam errors, consisting of antenna pointing errors, beam cross-polarization, and beam shape (and size) errors. In order to recover the tensor-to-scalar ratio, r, within a 10% tolerance level, which ensures the experiment is sensitive enough to detect the B-signal at r = 0.01 in the multipole range 28 < l < 384, we find that, for a QUBIC-like experiment, Gaussian-distributed systematic errors must be controlled with precisions of |g{sub rms}| = 0.1 for antenna gain, |{epsilon}{sub rms}| = 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} for antenna coupling, {delta}{sub rms} Almost-Equal-To 0. Degree-Sign 7 for pointing, {zeta}{sub rms} Almost-Equal-To 0. Degree-Sign 7 for beam shape, and {mu}{sub rms} = 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} for beam cross-polarization. Although the combined systematic effects produce a tolerance level on r twice as large for an experiment with linear polarizers, the resulting bias in r for a circular experiment is 15% which is still on the level of desirable sensitivity.

Karakci, Ata; Korotkov, Andrei; Tucker, Gregory S. [Department of Physics, Brown University, 182 Hope Street, Providence, RI 02912 (United States); Zhang Le; Timbie, Peter [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Sutter, P. M.; Wandelt, Benjamin D. [Department of Physics, 1110 W. Green Street, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Bunn, Emory F., E-mail: ata_karakci@brown.edu [Physics Department, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA 23173 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Scanning Hall probe microscopy of a diluted magnetic semiconductor  

SciTech Connect

We have measured the micromagnetic properties of a diluted magnetic semiconductor as a function of temperature and applied field with a scanning Hall probe microscope built in our laboratory. The design philosophy for this microscope and some details are described. The samples analyzed in this work are Ga{sub 0.94}Mn{sub 0.06}As films grown by molecular beam epitaxy. We find that the magnetic domains are 2-4 mum wide and fairly stable with temperature. Magnetic clusters are observed above T{sub C}, which we ascribe to MnAs defects too small and sparse to be detected by a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer.

Kweon, Seongsoo [Materials Science and Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Samarth, Nitin [Physics Department, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Lozanne, Alex de [Materials Science and Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Magnetic Force Between Magnetic Nano Probes at Optical Frequency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic force microscopy based on the interaction of static magnetic materials was demonstrated in the past with resolutions in the order of nanometers. Measurement techniques based on forces between electric dipoles oscillating at optical frequencies have been also demonstrated leading to the standard operation of the scanning force microscope (SFM). However the investigations of a SFM based on the magnetic force generated by magnetic dipole moments oscillating at optical frequencies has not been tackled yet. With this goal in mind we establish a theoretical model towards observable magnetic force interaction between two magnetically polarizable nanoparticles at optical frequency and show such a force to be in the order of piconewtons which could be in principle detected by conventional microscopy techniques. Two possible principles for conceiving magnetically polarizable nano probes able to generate strong magnetic dipoles at optical frequency are investigated based on silicon nanoparticles and on clusters...

Guclu, Caner; Capolino, Filippo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

On ion probes and traps, barium tagging for the EXO double beta decay detector.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Enriched Xenon Observatory seeks to measure neutrino mass through observation of neutrinoless double beta decay. A new generation of ton-scale experiments are being developed,… (more)

Stanford University, Dept. of Physics

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Highly controlled fabrication of carbon nanotube based probes for atomic force microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phase images taken with the CNC MFM probe. 5.7 References J.silicon substrate using (a) A CNC probe. (b) A commercial Sithe Si MFM probe, and (b) the CNC MFM probe ……..…. ………. …94

Chen, I-Chen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Probing Nano-Mechanical QED Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and study an "intrinsic probing" approach, without introducing any external detector, to mimic cavity QED effects in a qubit-nanomechanical resonator system. This metallic nanomechanical resonator can act as an intrinsic detector when a weak driving current passes through it. The nanomechanical resonator acts as both the cavity and the detector. A cavity QED-like effect is demonstrated by the correlation spectrum of the electromotive force between the two ends of the nanomechanical resonator. Using the quantum regression theorem and perturbation theory, we analytically calculate the correlation spectrum. In the weak driving limit, we study the effect on the vacuum Rabi splitting of both the strength of the driving as well as the frequency-detuning between the charge qubit and the nanomechanical resonator. Numerical calculations confirm the validity of our intrinsic probing approach.

Y. B. Gao; S. Yang; Yu-xi Liu; C. P. Sun; Franco Nori

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Regenerable activated bauxite adsorbent alkali monitor probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerable activated bauxite adsorber alkali monitor probe for field applications to provide reliable measurement of alkali-vapor concentration in combustion gas with special emphasis on pressurized fluidized-bed combustion (PFBC) off-gas. More particularly, the invention relates to the development of a easily regenerable bauxite adsorbent for use in a method to accurately determine the alkali-vapor content of PFBC exhaust gases. 6 figs.

Lee, S.H.D.

1992-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

273

Fireside corrosion probes for fossil fuel combustion  

SciTech Connect

Electrochemical corrosion rate probes have been constructed and tested along with mass loss coupons in environments consisting of N2/O2/CO2/SO2 plus water vapor. Temperatures ranged from 450° to 700°C. Results show that electrochemical corrosion rates for ash-covered mild steel are a function of time, temperature, and gaseous environment. Correlation between the electrochemical and mass loss corrosion rates was poor.

Covino, B.S., Jr.; Bullard, S.J.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Holcomb, G.R.; Eden, D.A. (Intercorr International, Houston, TX)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Use of a fiber optic probe for organic species determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic probe for remotely detecting the presence and concentration organic species in aqueous solutions. The probe includes a cylindrical housing with an organic species indicator, preferably diaminonaphthyl sulfonic acid adsorbed in a silica gel (DANS-modified gel), contained in the probe's distal end. The probe admits aqueous solutions to the probe interior for mixing within the DANS-modified gel. An optical fiber transmits light through the DANS-modified gel while the indicator reacts with organic species present in the solution, thereby shifting the location of the fluorescent peak. The altered light is reflected to a receiving fiber that carries the light to a spectrophotometer or other analysis device.

Ekechukwu, Amy A. (Augusta, GA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Probing nonlinear magnetization dynamics in Fe/MgO(001) film by all optical pump-probe technique  

SciTech Connect

An all-optical pump-probe technique has been employed to investigate the nonlinear magnetization dynamics of a 10?nm Fe/MgO(001) thin film in time domain. The magnetization precession was excited by pump-laser pulses and modulated by laser fluence variations. With increasing the laser fluence up to 7.1 mJ/cm{sup 2}, in addition to the uniform precession mode, a second harmonic signal was detected. The time evolution of the second harmonic signal was obtained in time-frequency domain. Based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation, the numerical simulation was performed to reproduce the observed the frequency doubling behaviors in Fe/MgO(001) film.

He, Wei; Hu, Bo; Zhang, Xiang-Qun; Cheng, Zhao-Hua, E-mail: zhcheng@iphy.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Magnetism and Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Zhan, Qing-Feng [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315201 (China)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

276

VIBRATIONALLY EXCITED HCN AROUND AFGL 2591: A PROBE OF PROTOSTELLAR STRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect

Vibrationally excited molecules with submillimeter rotational transitions are potentially excellent probes of physical conditions near protostars. This study uses observations of the v = 1 and v = 2 ro-vibrational modes of HCN (4-3) to probe this environment. The presence or absence and relative strengths of these ro-vibrational lines probe the gas excitation mechanism and physical conditions in warm, dense material associated with protostellar disks. We present pilot observations from the Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope and follow-up observations from the Submillimeter Array. All vibrationally excited HCN (4-3) v = 0, v = 1, and v = 2 lines were observed. The existence of the three v = 2 lines at approximately equal intensity imply collisional excitation with a density of greater than (10{sup 10} cm{sup -3}) and a temperature of >1000 K for the emitting gas. This warm, high-density material should directly trace structures formed in the protostellar envelope and disk environment. Further, the line shapes of the v = 2 emission may suggest a Keplerian disk. This Letter demonstrates the utility of this technique which is of particular interest due to the recent inauguration of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array.

Veach, Todd J. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 (United States); Groppi, Christopher E. [School for Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 (United States); Hedden, Abigail, E-mail: tveach@asu.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-78, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

277

Definition: 2-M Probe Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: 2-M Probe Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png 2-M Probe Survey Probe surveys are used to physically identify and delineate thermal anomalies. A 2-m long hollow steel tube with a tungsten-carbide alloy tip is driven into the ground using a hammer drill. Then a high-precision resistive-temperature device is inserted into the tube. The probe is then left in place for at least one hour.[2] Also Known As Probe Survey, 30-cm Probe Survey, (Temperature) Probe Survey References ↑ Mark F. Coolbaugh,Chris Sladek,James E. Faulds,Richard E. Zehner,Gary L. Oppliger. 2007. Use of Rapid Temperature Measurements at a 2-Meter Depth to Augment Deeper Temperature Gradient Drilling. In:

278

Magnetic field probes for use in radio frequency plasma  

SciTech Connect

An impedance analyzer has been used in the characterization of a magnetic induction probe (B-dot probe) for use in plasma. The role of the impedance analyzer was to determine the frequency response of a B-dot probe up to 100 MHz. The probe was specifically designed to take measurements in rf plasma driven at 13.56 MHz. Probe sensitivity and calibration are considered based on the impedance values obtained when a B-dot probe is swept over a wide frequency range. Effects such as unbalanced loads based on transmission line inductances and termination impedance are shown to be limiting factors on the probes useful frequency range. The use of an impedance analyzer allows these effects to readily be characterized.

Reilly, Michael P.; Miley, George H. [Department of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 104 S. Wright Street, 216 Talbot Laboratory, MC-234 Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Lewis, William [ERC Inc. Knight High School, 37423 70th Street East, Palmdale, California 93552 (United States)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Observation of relativistic antihydrogen atoms  

SciTech Connect

An observation of relativistic antihydrogen atoms is reported in this dissertation. Experiment 862 at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory observed antihydrogen atoms produced by the interaction of a circulating beam of high momentum (3 < p < 9 GeV/c) antiprotons and a jet of molecular hydrogen gas. Since the neutral antihydrogen does not bend in the antiproton source magnets, the detectors could be located far from the interaction point on a beamline tangent to the storage ring. The detection of the antihydrogen is accomplished by ionizing the atoms far from the interaction point. The positron is deflected by a magnetic spectrometer and detected, as are the back to back photons resulting from its annihilation. The antiproton travels a distance long enough for its momentum and time of flight to be measured accurately. A statistically significant sample of 101 antihydrogen atoms has been observed. A measurement of the cross section for {bar H}{sup 0} production is outlined within. The cross section corresponds to the process where a high momentum antiproton causes e{sup +} e{sup -} pair creation near a nucleus with the e{sup +} being captured by the antiproton. Antihydrogen is the first atom made exclusively of antimatter to be detected. The observation experiment's results are the first step towards an antihydrogen spectroscopy experiment which would measure the n = 2 Lamb shift and fine structure.

Blanford, Glenn DelFosse

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Modelling the non-gravitational acceleration during Cassini's gravitation experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we present a computation of the thermally generated acceleration on the Cassini probe during its solar conjunction experiment, obtained from a model of the spacecraft. We use a point-like source method to build a thermal model of the vehicle and find that the results are in close agreement with the estimates of this effect performed through Doppler data analysis.

Bertolami, O; Gil, P J S; Páramos, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

High-Throughput Mode Liquid Microjunction Surface Sampling Probe  

SciTech Connect

A simple and automated spot sampling operation mode for a liquid microjunction surface sampling probe/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LMJ-SSP/ESI-MS) system is reported. Prior manual and automated spot sampling methods with this probe relied on a careful, relatively slow alignment of the probe and surface distance (<20 m spacing) to form the probe-to-surface liquid microjunction critical to successful surface sampling. Moreover, sampling multiple spots required retraction of the surface from the probe and a repeat of this careful probe-to-surface distance alignment at the next sampling position. With the method described here, the probe was not positioned as close to the surface, the exact probeto-surface positioning was found to be less critical (spanning distances from about 100-300 m), and this distance was not altered during the sampling of an entire array of sample spots. With the probe positioned within the appropriate distance from the surface, the liquid microjunction was formed by letting the liquid from the sampling end of the probe extend out from the probe to the surface. This was accomplished by reducing the selfaspiration liquid flow rate of the probe to a value less than the volume flow rate pumped into the probe. When the self-aspiration rate of the probe was subsequently increased, analytes on the surface that dissolved at the liquid microjunction were aspirated back into the probe with the liquid that created the liquid microjunction and electrosprayed. Presented here are the basics of this new sampling mode, as well as data that illustrate the potential analytical capabilities of the device to conduct highthroughput quantitative analysis.

Van Berkel, Gary J [ORNL; Kertesz, Vilmos [ORNL; King, Richard C. [PharmaCadence

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Ocean Observing Ocean Observing Systems (OOS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, national, and global scales. · Ocean Observing Systems serve: Fishing industry National security Coastal properties, such as salinity, temperature, and waves Satellite maps of sea surface temperature NATIONAL Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) 11 REGIONAL Systems, including: MANY LOCAL Systems

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

283

The Compressed Baryonic Matter Experiment at FAIR: Progress with feasibility studies and detector developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment is being planned at the international research center FAIR, under realization next to the GSI laboratory in Darmstadt, Germany. Its physics programme addresses the QCD phase diagram in the region of highest net baryon densities. Of particular interest are the expected first order phase transition from partonic to hadronic matter, ending in a critical point, and modifications of hadron properties in the dense medium as a signal of chiral symmetry restoration. Laid out as a fixed-target experiment at the heavy-ion synchrotrons SIS-100/300, the detector will record both proton-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at beam energies between 10 and 45$A$ GeV. Hadronic, leptonic and photonic observables have to be measured with large acceptance. The interaction rates will reach 10 MHz to measure extremely rare probes like charm near threshold. Two versions of the experiment are being studied, optimized for either electron-hadron or muon identification, combined with silicon detector based charged-particle tracking and micro-vertex detection. The CBM physics requires the development of novel detector sytems, trigger and data acquisition concepts as well as innovative real-time reconstruction techniques. Progress with feasibility studies of the CBM experiment and the development of its detector systems are reported.

Johann M. Heuser; for the CBM collaboration

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

RESULTS OF THE EXAMINATION OF ELECTROCHEMICAL NOISE PROBE SPECIMENS REMOVED FROM TANK 241-AN-107 JUNE 2010  

SciTech Connect

An Integrated Multi-function Corrosion Probe (IMCP) was installed in Tank 241-AN-107 on September 20, 2006. A portion of the probe was retrieved on June 8, 2010 and the sections holding the detectors were delivered to the 222-S Laboratory for analysis. The examination and disassembly of the probe sections encountered a number of challenges. However, disassembly and relevant analyses were successfully completed. The following summarizes our observations. Brittle failure of the fiberglass probe in the middle of detector 2 resulted in the recovery of only three vapor space C-rings and six supernatant bullet specimens. The design of the bullets and how they were attached to the probe made the recovery of the components more difficult. The use of glue/epoxy on the bullets and the attachment of the flat bottom of the bullets to the curved surface of the fiberglass probe body meant that weight loss on cleaning and surface area of the specimens could not be determined with acceptable accuracy. Macrophotography of all specimens reveals that corrosion was slight in the vapor space and extremely slight in the supernatant. The one pre-cracked C-ring recovered from the vapor space still had the stress bulge visible on the polished surface, indicating that crack propagation had not occurred in the tank. No photographs were taken of the C-ring before deployment. No further analysis was conducted on this specimen. A detailed discussion and photographic documentation are provided in this report.

COOKE GA; WYRWAS RB; DUNCAN JB

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

285

The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research and the Compressed Baryonic Matter Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment will be one of the major scientific activities at the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt. The goal of the CBM research program is to explore the QCD phase diagram in the region of high baryon densities using high?energy nucleus?nucleus collisions. This includes the study of the equation?of?state of nuclear matter at high densities and the search for the deconfinement and chiral phase transitions. The CBM detector is designed to measure both bulk observables with large acceptance and rare diagnostic probes such as charmed particles and vector mesons decaying into lepton pairs. The layout and the physics performance of the proposed CBM experimental facility will be discussed.

P. Senger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Pump-probe model for the Kramers-Kronig relations in a laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study theoretically a pump-probe model for the Kramers-Kronig (KK) relations during laser operation. A laser gain medium at steady state becomes saturated and the lasing field experiences a flat gain equal to the cavity loss. A solution of the laser equations reveals that the lasing frequency experiences a dispersion that is linear over the allowed bandwidth. However, outside this band, the lasing stops, so that the dispersion is that of the unsaturated gain medium. The combined profile is therefore non-analytical, and cannot be explained in terms of the KK relations. In order to interpret this situation, it is important to consider carefully the physical basis of the KK relations and its connection to causality. We conclude that the KK relation is expected to apply only to an independent probe applied to the medium, which is under excitation by the pump producing the gain as well as the lasing mode. The absorption/gain and dispersion profiles are then analytical, and satisfy the KK-relations. Specifically, these are variants of the so-called Mollow-Ezekiel spectra of probe absorption/gain and dispersion in the presence of a pump, with the exception that in this case the medium is inverted.

Honam Yum; Selim M. Shahriar

2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

287

3D-Spectroscopy of extragalactic planetary nebulae as diagnostic probes for galaxy evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In addition to study extragalactic stellar populations in their integrated light, the detailed analysis of individual resolved objects has become feasible, mainly for luminous giant stars and for extragalactic planetary nebulae (XPNe) in nearby galaxies. A recently started project at the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam (AIP), called ``XPN--Physics'', aims to verify if XPNe are useful probes to measure the chemical abundances of their parent stellar population. The project involves theoretical and observational work packages.

Andreas Kelz; Ana Monreal-Ibero; Martin M. Roth; Christer Sandin; Detlef Schoenberner; Matthias Steffen

2006-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

288

Titan Imagery with Keck AO during and after Probe Entry  

SciTech Connect

We present adaptive optics data from the 10-m W.M. Keck telescope that were taken during the time the Huygens probe descended through Titan's atmosphere, and on the days following touch-down. The spatial resolution of the images is typically {approx}0.04-inch, or {approx}240 km on Titan (60 km/pixel). No probe entry signal was detected at levels exceeding 0.8 {micro}Jy (3-{sigma}) per pixel (0.01-inch), which although within the range of predicted flux levels, cannot constrain any models. We present data on Titan's surface, troposphere and stratosphere during the days following probe entry, when the solar phase angle varied from 0.05{sup o} up to 0.8{sup o}, with the Sun in the West. Contrary to expectation, the data often showed the East side to be brightest. Adding data obtained with Keck and Gemini over the past few years reveals that the East-West asymmetry can be explained by a combination of the solar phase angle effect together with a general preponderance of haze on Titan's East or morning hemisphere. The troposphere was characterized by quiescent weather; only a few small clouds were present near the south pole, at typical altitudes of 30-40 km. While stratospheric haze was prominent over the northern hemisphere, tropospheric haze dominated the south, from the S. pole up to latitudes of {approx} -45{sup o}. An intriguing observation is that obtained at 1.22 {micro}m, which revealed haze in the form of a collar at -60{sup o}, in contrast to the polar haze cap as usually seen. A comparison of narrow band JHK images of Titan's surface with that obtained by Cassini ISS shows a striking resemblance in small-scale features. After a decent attempt to remove the atmosphere from the images, the surface contrast between dark and bright areas may be larger at 2 {micro}m than at 1.6 and 1.3 {micro}m. If true, this could imply that the dark areas on Titan's surface are covered by a coarser grained frost than the bright areas, and/or that there are more absorbers, such as NH{sub 3}/NH{sub 4}SH frost, in these dark areas.

de Pater, I; Adamkovics, M; Bouchez, A H; Brown, M E; Gibbard, S G; Marchis, F; Roe, H G; Schaller, E L; Young, E

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

289

Radar and sonar probing of potash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system Determination of the sylvinite and halite acoustic velocities using sonar 50 56 Samples Velocity measurements 56 57 TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTINUED) CHAPTER Page V PROBING RESEARCH CONDUCTED IN THE IMC K-2 POTASH MINE 62 Geology... sylvinite and halite test samples 26 7 Schematic diagram of the 250 kHz sonar system used to measure the one-way travel time through sylvinite and halite test samples 26 8 Map showing the location of the Foxtrot and Bravo radar stations in the Petromisa...

Lopez Aguilar, Luis Felipe

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

290

Ionization probes of molecular structure and chemistry  

SciTech Connect

Various photoionization processes provide very sensitive probes for the detection and understanding of the spectra of molecules relevant to combustion processes. The detection of ionization can be selective by using resonant multiphoton ionization or by exploiting the fact that different molecules have different sets of ionization potentials. Therefore, the structure and dynamics of individual molecules can be studied even in a mixed sample. The authors are continuing to develop methods for the selective spectroscopic detection of molecules by ionization, and to use these methods for the study of some molecules of combustion interest.

Johnson, P.M. [State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

A shrouded probe aerosol sampling cyclone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the air stream. In the present design, three concentric shrouds and a probe will be attached to the entrance of the cyclone. The shroud concept was first used in an aircraft-horne sampling device for collecting tropospheric aerosol particles... by A. R. McFarland and S. A. Batterman. College Station, Texas: 1989. 5. Strauss, W. and S. J. Nainwaring: Air Pollution. London, Baltimore, Maryland: Edward Arnold, 1984. pp. 95-96. 6. Moore, N. E. , and A. R. NcFarland: Stairmand-Type Sampling...

Little, Stewart Craig

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

292

Probing leptoquark production at IceCube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We emphasize the inelasticity distribution of events detected at the IceCube neutrino telescope as an important tool for revealing new physics. This is possible because the unique energy resolution at this facility allows to separately assign the energy fractions for emergent muons and taus in neutrino interactions. As a particular example, we explore the possibility of probing second and third generation leptoquark parameter space (coupling and mass). We show that production of leptoquarks with masses ?250??GeV and diagonal generation couplings of O(1) can be directly tested if the cosmic neutrino flux is at the Waxman-Bahcall level.

Luis A. Anchordoqui; Carlos A. García Canal; Haim Goldberg; Daniel Gomez Dumm; Francis Halzen

2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

293

Red Supergiant Stars as Cosmic Abundance Probes: KMOS Observations in NGC 6822  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present near-IR spectroscopy of red supergiant (RSG) stars in NGC 6822, obtained with the new VLT-KMOS instrument. From comparisons with model spectra in the J-band we determine the metallicity of 11 RSGs, finding a mean value of [Z] = -0.52 $\\pm$ 0.21 which agrees well with previous abundance studies of young stars and HII regions. We also find an indication for a low-significance abundance gradient within the central 1 kpc. We compare our results with those derived from older stellar populations and investigate the difference using a simple chemical evolution model. By comparing the physical properties determined for RSGs in NGC 6822 with those derived using the same technique in the Galaxy and the Magellanic Clouds, we show that there appears to be no significant temperature variation of RSGs with respect to metallicity, in contrast with recent evolutionary models.

Patrick, L R; Davies, B; Kudritzki, R-P; Gazak, J Z; Bergemann, M; Plez, B; Ferguson, A M N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Probing top-Z dipole moments at the LHC and ILC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the weak electric and magnetic dipole moments of top quark-Z boson interactions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the International Linear Collider (ILC). Their vanishingly small magnitude in the Standard Model makes these couplings ideal for probing New Physics interactions and for exploring the role of top quarks in electroweak symmetry breaking. In our analysis, we consider the production of two top quarks in association with a Z boson at the LHC, and top quark pairs mediated by neutral gauge bosons at the ILC. These processes yield direct sensitivity to top quark-Z boson interactions and complement indirect constraints from electroweak precision data. Our computation is accurate to next-to-leading order in QCD, we include the full decay chain of top quarks and the Z boson, and account for theoretical uncertainties in our constraints. We find that LHC experiments will soon be able to probe weak dipole moments for the first time.

Raoul Röntsch; Markus Schulze

2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

295

Probing top-Z dipole moments at the LHC and ILC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the weak electric and magnetic dipole moments of top quark-Z boson interactions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the International Linear Collider (ILC). Their vanishingly small magnitude in the Standard Model makes these couplings ideal for probing New Physics interactions and for exploring the role of top quarks in electroweak symmetry breaking. In our analysis, we consider the production of two top quarks in association with a Z boson at the LHC, and top quark pairs mediated by neutral gauge bosons at the ILC. These processes yield direct sensitivity to top quark-Z boson interactions and complement indirect constraints from electroweak precision data. Our computation is accurate to next-to-leading order in QCD, we include the full decay chain of top quarks and the Z boson, and account for theoretical uncertainties in our constraints. We find that LHC experiments will soon be able to probe weak dipole moments for the first time.

Röntsch, Raoul

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Los Alamos provides HOPE for radiation belt storm probes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HOPE for radiation belt storm probes HOPE for radiation belt storm probes Los Alamos provides HOPE for radiation belt storm probes The HOPE analyzer is one of a suite of instruments that was successfully launched as part of the Radiation Belt Storm Probe mission. August 30, 2012 Artist's rendering showing two spacecraft representing the not-yet-designed Radiation Belt Storm Probes that will study the sun and its effects on Earth. PHOTO CREDIT: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Artist's rendering showing two spacecraft representing the not-yet-designed Radiation Belt Storm Probes that will study the sun and its effects on Earth. PHOTO CREDIT: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Contact James E. Rickman Communications Office (505) 665-9203 Email "Today we are boldly going where no spacecraft ever wants to go."

297

Electrical probe diagnostics for the laminar flame quenching distance  

SciTech Connect

A simplified theory, previously developed for the general case of weakly ionized gas flow, is used to predict electrical probe response when the flame is quenched on the probe surface. This theory is based on the planar model of space charge sheaths around the measuring electrode. For the flame quenching case, by assuming that the sheath thickness is comparable with the thermal boundary layer thickness, probe current can be related to flame quenching distance. The theoretical assumptions made to obtain the analytical formulation of probe current were experimentally proved by using direct visualization and high-frequency PIV. The direct visualization method was also used to validate the results of flame quenching distance values obtained with electrical probe. The electrical probe diagnostics have been verified for both head-on and sidewall flame quenching regimes and for stoichiometric methane/air and propane/air mixtures in a pressure range of 0.05-0.6 MPa. (author)

Karrer, Maxime; Makarov, Maxime [Renault Technocentre, 78288 Guyancourt Cedex (France); Bellenoue, Marc; Labuda, Sergei; Sotton, Julien [Laboratoire de Combustion et de Detonique, CNRS, 86961 Futuroscope Chasseneuil (France)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Electrochemical corrosion rate probes for high temperature energy applications  

SciTech Connect

Electrochemical corrosion rate (ECR) probes were constructed and exposed along with mass loss coupons in a N2/O2/CO2/H2O environment to determine ECR probe operating characteristics. Temperatures ranged from 450 to 800 C and both ECR probes and mass loss coupons were coated with ash. Results are presented in terms of the probe response to temperature, the measured zero baseline, and the quantitative nature of the probes. The effect of Stern-Geary constant and the choice of electrochemical technique used to measure the corrosion rate are also discussed. ECR probe corrosion rates were a function of time, temperature, and process environment and were found to be quantitative for some test conditions. Measured Stern-Geary constants averaged 0.0141 V/decade and the linear polarization technique was found to be more quantitative than the electrochemical noise technique.

Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Bullard, Sophie J.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Cayard, M.S. (InterCorr International Inc.); Eden, D.A. (InterCorr International Inc.)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Corrosion probes for fireside monitoring in coal-fired boilers  

SciTech Connect

Electrochemical corrosion rate (ECR) probes were constructed and exposed along with mass loss coupons in a N2/O2/CO2/H2O environment to determine ECR probe operating characteristics. Temperatures ranged from 450 to 600 C and both ECR probes and mass loss coupons were coated with ash. Results are presented in terms of the probe response to temperature, the measured zero baseline, and the quantitative nature of the probes. The effect of Stern-Geary constant and the choice of electrochemical technique used to measure the corrosion rate are also discussed. ECR probe corrosion rates were a function of time, temperature, and process environment and were found to be quantitative for some test conditions. Measured Stern-Geary constants averaged 0.0141 V/decade and the linear polarization technique was found to be more quantitative than the electrochemical noise technique.

Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Bullard, Sophie J.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret; Eden, David A. (Intercorr International Inc.); Cayard, Michael S. (Intercorr International Inc.)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Dynamic force spectroscopy on multiple bonds: experiments and model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We probe the dynamic strength of multiple biotin-streptavidin adhesion bonds under linear loading using the biomembrane force probe setup for dynamic force spectroscopy. Measured rupture force histograms are compared to results from a master equation model for the stochastic dynamics of bond rupture under load. This allows us to extract the distribution of the number of initially closed bonds. We also extract the molecular parameters of the adhesion bonds, in good agreement with earlier results from single bond experiments. Our analysis shows that the peaks in the measured histograms are not simple multiples of the single bond values, but follow from a superposition procedure which generates different peak positions.

T. Erdmann; S. Pierrat; P. Nassoy; U. S. Schwarz

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Vibrational coherence in the excited state dynamics of Cr(acac)3: probing the reaction coordinate for ultrafast intersystem crossing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vibrational coherence in the excited state dynamics of Cr(acac)3: probing the reaction coordinateCusker* Received 12th April 2010, Accepted 29th May 2010 DOI: 10.1039/c0sc00262c Vibrational coherence was observed coherence; the timescale of the event suggests that this vibrational coherence is retained during the 4 T2

McCusker, James K.

302

Probing color octet electrons at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Models with quark and lepton compositeness predict the existence of colored partners of the Standard Model leptons. In this paper we study the LHC phenomenology of a charged colored lepton partner, namely the color octet electron, e8, in an effective theory framework. We explore various mechanisms for resonant production of e8’s. With the pair production channel, the 14 TeV LHC can probe e8’s with masses up to 2.5 TeV (2.8 TeV) with 100??fb-1 (300??fb-1) of integrated luminosity. A common feature in all the resonant production channels is the presence of two high-pT electrons and at least one high-pT jet in the final state. Using this feature, we implement a search method where the signal is a combination of pair and single production events. This method has potential to increase the LHC’s reach significantly. Using the combined signal, we estimate the LHC discovery potential for the e8’s. Our analysis shows that the LHC with 14 TeV center-of-mass energy and 100??fb-1 (300??fb-1) of integrated luminosity can probe e8’s with masses up to 3.4 TeV (4 TeV) for the compositeness scale of 5 TeV.

Tanumoy Mandal and Subhadip Mitra

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

303

Measurement of ion and electron temperatures in plasma blobs by using an improved ion sensitive probe system and statistical analysis methods  

SciTech Connect

We have measured ion temperature as well as electron temperature in plasma blobs observed in a linear plasma device by using an improved ion sensitive probe. Current-voltage characteristics of the ion sensitive probe inside and outside plasma blobs were re-constructed with a conditional sampling method. It is clearly found that both ion and electron temperatures in plasma blobs decrease more slowly in a cross-field direction than those in a bulk plasma without plasma blobs.

Okazaki, K.; Tanaka, H.; Ohno, N.; Tsuji, Y. [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603 (Japan); Ezumi, N. [Nagano National College of Technology, Nagano 381-8550 (Japan); Kajita, S. [EcoTopia Science Institute, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603 (Japan)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Probing the Degradation Mechanisms in Electrolyte Solutions for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Degradation Mechanisms in Electrolyte Solutions for Li-ion Batteries by In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy. Probing the Degradation Mechanisms in Electrolyte Solutions for...

305

Probing Emissions of Military Cargo Aircraft: Description of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissions of Military Cargo Aircraft: Description of a Joint Field Measurement Strategic Environmental Research and Probing Emissions of Military Cargo Aircraft: Description of a...

306

Test probe for surface mounted leadless chip carrier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A test probe for a surface mounted leadless chip carrier is disclosed. The probe includes specially designed connector pins which allow size reductions in the probe. A thermoplastic housing provides spring action to ensure good mechanical and electrical contact between the pins and the contact strips of a leadless chip carrier. Other features include flexible wires molded into the housing and two different types of pins alternately placed in the housing. These features allow fabrication of a smaller and simpler test probe. 1 fig.

Meyer, K.L.; Topolewski, J.

1987-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

307

Probing the Mobility of Supercooled Liquid 3-Methylpentane at...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mobility of Supercooled Liquid 3-Methylpentane at Temperatures Near the Glass Transition Using Rare Gas Permeation. Probing the Mobility of Supercooled Liquid 3-Methylpentane at...

308

Probing Molecular Associations of Field-Collected and Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Associations of Field-Collected and Laboratory-Generated SOA with Nano-DESI High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Probing Molecular Associations of Field-Collected and...

309

Probing potassium in the atmosphere of HD 80606b with tunable filter transit spectrophotometry from the Gran Telescopio Canarias  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report observations of HD 80606 using the 10.4-m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) and the OSIRIS tunable filter imager. We acquired very-high-precision, narrow-band photometry in four bandpasses around the K I absorption feature during the January 2010 transit of HD 80606b and during out-of-transit observations conducted in April 2010. We obtained differential photometric precisions as small as ~ 2.9 x 10^(-5). We find no significant difference between observations at 768.76 and 769.91 nm, which probe the K I line core. Yet, we observe significant differences [3.08 +/- 0.53 x 10^(-4) and 7.00 +/- 0.40 x 10^(-4)] between these observations and observations at two longer wavelengths that probe the K I wing (773.66 and 777.36 nm). The large change in the apparent planetary radius with wavelength (~3.6%) is much larger than the atmospheric scale height. This implies the observations probed the atmosphere at low pressures as well as a dramatic change in the pressure at which the slant optical depth reaches unity ...

Colon, Knicole D; Redfield, Seth; Fortney, Jonathan J; Shabram, Megan; Deeg, Hans J; Mahadevan, Suvrath

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Observing dynamos in cool stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main aim of this paper is to introduce the most important observables that help us to investigate stellar dynamos and compare those to the modeling results. We give an overview of the available observational methods and data processing techniques that are suitable for such purposes, with touching upon examples of inadequate interpretations as well. Stellar observations are compared to the solar data in such a way, which ensures that the measurements are comparable in dimension, wavelength, and timescale. A brief outlook is given to the future plans and possibilities. A thorough review of this topic was published nearly a decade ago (Berdyugina 2005), now we focus on the experience that have been gathered since that time.

Kovari, Zsolt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

The Square Kilometre Array: A new probe of cosmic magnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic fields are a fundamental part of many astrophysical phenomena, but the evolution, structure and origin of magnetic fields are still unresolved problems in physics and astrophysics. When and how were the first fields generated? Are present-day magnetic fields the result of standard dynamo action, or do they represent rapid or recent field amplification through other processes? What role do magnetic fields play in turbulence, cosmic ray acceleration and structure formation? I explain how the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), a next-generation radio telescope, can deliver stunning new data-sets that will address these currently unanswered issues. The foundation for these experiments will be an all-sky survey of rotation measures, in which Faraday rotation toward >10^7 background sources will provide a dense grid for probing magnetism in the Milky Way, nearby galaxies, and in distant galaxies, clusters and protogalaxies. Using these data, we can map out the evolution of magnetized structures from redshifts z > 3 to the present, can distinguish between different origins for seed magnetic fields in galaxies, and can develop a detailed model of the magnetic field geometry of the intergalactic medium and of the overall Universe. In addition, the SKA will certainly discover new magnetic phenomena beyond what we can currently predict or imagine.

Bryan M. Gaensler

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

312

In Situ Analytical Electron Microscopy for Probing Nanoscale Electrochemistry  

SciTech Connect

Oxides and their tailored structures are at the heart of electrochemical energy storage technologies and advances in understanding and controlling the dynamic behaviors in the complex oxides, particularly at the interfaces, during electrochemical processes will catalyze creative design concepts for new materials with enhanced and better-understood properties. Such knowledge is not accessible without new analytical tools. New innovative experimental techniques are needed for understanding the chemistry and structure of the bulk and interfaces, more importantly how they change with electrochemical processes in situ. Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) is used extensively to study electrode materials ex situ and is one of the most powerful tools to obtain structural, morphological, and compositional information at nanometer scale by combining imaging, diffraction and spectroscopy, e.g., EDS (energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry) and Electron Energy Loss Spectrometry (EELS). Determining the composition/structure evolution upon electrochemical cycling at the bulk and interfaces can be addressed by new electron microscopy technique with which one can observe, at the nanometer scale and in situ, the dynamic phenomena in the electrode materials. In electrochemical systems, for instance in a lithium ion battery (LIB), materials operate under conditions that are far from equilibrium, so that the materials studied ex situ may not capture the processes that occur in situ in a working battery. In situ electrochemical operation in the ultra-high vacuum column of a TEM has been pursued by two major strategies. In one strategy, a 'nano-battery' can be fabricated from an all-solid-state thin film battery using a focused ion beam (FIB). The electrolyte is either polymer based or ceramic based without any liquid component. As shown in Fig. 1a, the interfaces between the active electrode material/electrolyte can be clearly observed with TEM imaging, in contrast to the composite electrodes/electrolyte interfaces in conventional lithium ion batteries, depicted in Fig.1b, where quantitative interface characterization is extremely difficult if not impossible. A second strategy involves organic electrolyte, though this approach more closely resembles the actual operation conditions of a LIB, the extreme volatility In Situ Analytical Electron Microscopy for Probing Nanoscale Electrochemistry by Ying Shirley Meng, Thomas McGilvray, Ming-Che Yang, Danijel Gostovic, Feng Wang, Dongli Zeng, Yimei Zhu, and Jason Graetz of the organic electrolytes present significant challenges for designing an in situ cell that is suitable for the vacuum environment of the TEM. Significant progress has been made in the past few years on the development of in situ electron microscopy for probing nanoscale electrochemistry. In 2008, Brazier et al. reported the first cross-section observation of an all solid-state lithium ion nano-battery by TEM. In this study the FIB was used to make a 'nano-battery,' from an all solid-state battery prepared by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). In situ TEM observations were not possible at that time due to several key challenges such as the lack of a suitable biasing sample holder and vacuum transfer of sample. In 2010, Yamamoto et al. successfully observed changes of electric potential in an all-solid-state lithium ion battery in situ with electron holography (EH). The 2D potential distribution resulting from movement of lithium ions near the positive-electrode/electrolyte interface was quantified. More recently Huang et al. and Wang et al. reported the in situ observations of the electrochemical lithiation of a single SnO{sub 2} nanowire electrode in two different in situ setups. In their approach, a vacuum compatible ionic liquid is used as the electrolyte, eliminating the need for complicated membrane sealing to prevent the evaporation of carbonate based organic electrolyte into the TEM column. One main limitation of this approach is that EELS spectral imaging is not possible due to the high plasmon signal of the ionic li

Graetz J.; Meng, Y.S.; McGilvray, T.; Yang, M.-C.; Gostovic, D.; Wang, F.; Zeng, D.; Zhu, Y.

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

313

Modeling Scattering Polarization for Probing Solar Magnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers the problem of modeling the light polarization that emerges from an astrophysical plasma composed of atoms whose excitation state is significantly influenced by the anisotropy of the incident radiation field. In particular, it highlights how radiative transfer simulations in three-dimensional models of the quiet solar atmosphere may help us to probe its thermal and magnetic structure, from the near equilibrium photosphere to the highly non-equilibrium upper chromosphere. The paper finishes with predictions concerning the amplitudes and magnetic sensitivities of the linear polarization signals produced by scattering processes in two transition region lines, which should encourage us to develop UV polarimeters for sounding rockets and space telescopes with the aim of opening up a new diagnostic window in astrophysics.

Bueno, Javier Trujillo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Chemical sensor with oscillating cantilevered probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides a method of detecting a chemical species with an oscillating cantilevered probe. A cantilevered beam is driven into oscillation with a drive mechanism coupled to the cantilevered beam. A free end of the oscillating cantilevered beam is tapped against a mechanical stop coupled to a base end of the cantilevered beam. An amplitude of the oscillating cantilevered beam is measured with a sense mechanism coupled to the cantilevered beam. A treated portion of the cantilevered beam is exposed to the chemical species, wherein the cantilevered beam bends when exposed to the chemical species. A second amplitude of the oscillating cantilevered beam is measured, and the chemical species is determined based on the measured amplitudes.

Adams, Jesse D

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

315

Probing light stop pairs at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, we study the light stop pair signals at the LHC. We explore the supersymmetry parameter space with nonuniversal gaugino and third-generation masses at the grand unified theory scale. Recent LHC supersymmetry search results based on 35??pb-1 and 1??fb-1 of data are implemented to put the limits on stop pair events. The dark matter relic density and direct detection constraints are also taken into account. Detailed simulations on the signals and background for some benchmark points are performed, and it is found that the stop pair signals usually escape the LHC search if the present cut conditions are used. We also explore the potential and sensitivity of ILC to probe such scenarios. It is found that the ILC can detect them with an integrated luminosity of a few tens of fb-1.

Xiao-Jun Bi; Qi-Shu Yan; Peng-Fei Yin

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

316

The Compressed Baryonic Matter Experiment at FAIR: Progress with feasibility studies and detector developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment is being planned at the international research center FAIR, under realization next to the GSI laboratory in Darmstadt, Germany. Its physics programme addresses the QCD phase diagram in the region of highest net baryon densities. Of particular interest are the expected first order phase transition from partonic to hadronic matter, ending in a critical point, and modifications of hadron properties in the dense medium as a signal of chiral symmetry restoration. Laid out as a fixed-target experiment at the heavy-ion synchrotrons SIS-100/300, the detector will record both proton-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at beam energies between 10 and 45$A$ GeV. Hadronic, leptonic and photonic observables have to be measured with large acceptance. The interaction rates will reach 10 MHz to measure extremely rare probes like charm near threshold. Two versions of the experiment are being studied, optimized for either electron-hadron or muon identification, combined with s...

Heuser, Johann M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

2-M Probe Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7) 7) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique 2-M Probe Survey Activity Date 1977 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Compare directly shallow temperature results with standard geothermal exploration techniques. Notes Shallow soil temperature data (2m) were collected at 102 sites at Coso. Close geometrical similarity between the shallow soil temperature has been observed with the 30-m contour data for Coso using computer program. References Leschack, L. A.; Lewis, J. E.; Chang, D. C. (1 December 1977) Rapid reconnaissance of geothermal prospects using shallow temperature surveys. Semi-annual technical report Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=2-M_Probe_Survey_At_Coso_Geothermal_Area_(1977)&oldid=47367

318

In Situ X-Ray Probing Reveals Fingerprints of Surface Platinum Oxide  

SciTech Connect

In situ x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) at the Pt L{sub 3} edge is a useful probe for Pt-O interactions at polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) cathodes. We show that XAS using the high energy resolution fluorescence detection (HERFD) mode, applied to a well-defined monolayer Pt/Rh(111) sample where the bulk penetrating hard x-rays probe only surface Pt atoms, provides a unique sensitivity to structure and chemical bonding at the Pt-electrolyte interface. Ab initio multiple-scattering calculations using the FEFF8 code and complementary extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) results indicate that the commonly observed large increase of the white-line at high electrochemical potentials on PEMFC cathodes originates from platinum oxide formation, whereas previously proposed chemisorbed oxygen-containing species merely give rise to subtle spectral changes.

Friebel, Daniel

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

Medium probes: exploring the medium not the message  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Frequently in information design, we lean toward selecting a platform based upon our knowledge, values, and interests, independent of our audience's practices with information. We found ourselves facing this issue when seeking a technology platform to ... Keywords: cultural probes, reflective hci, technology probes

Betsy DiSalvo, Parisa Khanipour Roshan

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Towards Optimization of Probe Placement for Radio-Frequency Ablation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's electric potential and of the steady state of the heat distribution during RF ablation. The optimization with mono- or bipolar systems: A probe, connected to an electric generator, is placed inside the malignant tissue, such that an electric current flows through the body and heats the tissue near the probe up

Preusser, Tobias

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Nanoparticle delivery Nanofountain-Probe-Based High-Resolution Patterning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoparticle delivery Nanofountain-Probe-Based High-Resolution Patterning and Single-Cell Injection these nanoparticles will require unrealized spatial control. Furthermore, single-cell in vitro transfection methods of functionalized diamond nanoparticles are demonstrated using a broadly applicable nanofountain probe, a tool

Espinosa, Horacio D.

322

Invisible $Z\\prime$ as a probe of extra dimensions at the CERN LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A class of extra dimensional models with a warped metric predict tunneling of a massive particle localized on our brane and escaping into additional dimensions. The experimental signature of this effect is the disappearance of the particle from our world, i.e. the particle $\\to invisible$ decay. We point out that measurements of $Z\\prime \\to invisible$ decay width of a new heavy gauge boson $Z\\prime$ at the CERN LHC can be effectively used to probe the existence of large extra dimensions. This result enhances motivations for a more sensitive search and study for this decay mode and suggests additional direction for testing extra dimensions in collider experiments.

S. N. Gninenko; N. V. Krasnikov; V. A. Matveev

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

323

Collective flow as a probe of heavy-ion reaction dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Collective flow of nuclear matter probes the dynamics of heavy-ion reactions and can provide information about the nuclear-matter equation of state. In particular, the incident energy dependences of collective flow may be a sensitive means to deduce the existence of a Quark Gluon Plasma phase in the equation of state. Collective flow measurements from 30 A MeV to 200 A GeV incident energies are briefly reviewed. Preliminary results on collective flow from the WA98 experiment at the CERN SPS are presented.

Awes, T.C.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons Los Alamos researchers believe they have solved a lingering mystery about how electrons within Earth's radiation belt can suddenly become energetic enough to kill orbiting satellites. July 25, 2013 Artist's rendering of mechanism within Van Allen radiation belts An artist's rendering of a mechanism within the Van Allen radiation belts that can accelerate electrons to satellite-killing energies. The mechanism was discovered by a group of scientists using data from NASA's Van Allen Probes (formerly known as the Radiation Belt Storm Probes). Researchers, led by Los Alamos National laboratory space physicist Geoffrey Reeves, believe that electromagnetic waves within the Van Allen belts themselves

325

The edge observed : island landscape for a marine biology facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the concept of edges through observation and design. The intent of the observation/design is to understand and to illustrate possibilities for design that will enrich the experience of the built ...

Stringer, Geraldine A

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Deducing fast electron density changes in randomly orientated uncrystallized biomolecules in a pump–probe experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...usually done in protein crystallography...scatter off the protein solution. Initially...information from disordered ensembles of molecules...structure of a disordered ensemble of photoexcited...photoactive yellow protein from nanoseconds...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Temperature-dependent vibrational relaxation in polyatomic liquids: Picosecond infrared pump-probe experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stretching vibration (-1980 cm-`) of Cr(CO), and W(CO& dissolved in carbon tetrachloride (Ccl hexacarbonyl [W(CO),] and chromium hexacarbonyl [Cr(CO),] in two solvents, carbon tetrachloride (CC14

Fayer, Michael D.

328

Femtosecond Pump–Push–Probe and Pump–Dump–Probe Spectroscopy of Conjugated Polymers: New Insight and Opportunities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Femtosecond Pump–Push–Probe and Pump–Dump–Probe Spectroscopy of Conjugated Polymers: New Insight and Opportunities ... In 2014, Tapping and Kee reported charge carrier generation by optical pumping of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) singlet excitons. ... PBDTTPD is sol. in CHCl3, and in o-dichlorobenzene upon heating, and shows a broad absorption in the visible region. ...

Tak W. Kee

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

329

PROBING THE HALO FROM THE SOLAR VICINITY TO THE OUTER GALAXY: CONNECTING STARS IN LOCAL VELOCITY STRUCTURES TO LARGE-SCALE CLOUDS  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the first potential connections made between two local features in velocity space found in a survey of M giant stars and stellar spatial inhomogeneities on global scales. Comparison to cosmological, chemodynamical stellar halo models confirms that the M giant population is particularly sensitive to rare, recent and massive accretion events. These events can give rise to locally observed velocity sequences-each made from a small fraction of debris from a massive progenitor, passing at high velocity through the survey volume, near the pericenter of the eccentric orbit of the system. The majority of the debris is found in much larger structures, whose morphologies are more cloud-like than stream-like and which lie at the orbital apocenters. Adopting this interpretation, the full-space motions represented by the observed M giant velocity features are derived under the assumption that the members within each sequence share a common space velocity. Orbit integrations are then used to trace the past and future trajectories of these stars across the sky revealing plausible associations with large, previously discovered, cloud-like structures. The connections made between nearby velocity structures and these distant clouds represent preliminary steps toward developing coherent maps of such giant debris systems. These maps promise to provide new insights into the origin of debris clouds, new probes of Galactic history and structure, and new constraints on the high-velocity tails of the local dark matter distribution that are essential for interpreting direct dark matter particle detection experiments.

Johnston, Kathryn V.; Sheffield, Allyson A. [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Majewski, Steven R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-0818 (United States); Sharma, Sanjib [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Rocha-Pinto, Helio J., E-mail: kvj@astro.columbia.edu [Observatorio do Valongo, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

330

Multiple, distant (401) in situ observations of a magnetic cloud and a corotating interaction region complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ejections (CMEs) were observed at the Sun; the energy densities of the solar wind, both magnetic as well Space Sciences Laboratory, University of Berkeley, Berkeley, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history report a comprehensive analysis of in situ observations made by Wind and the STEREO probes (STA, STB

California at Berkeley, University of

331

GRBs as Probes of Massive Stars Near and Far  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-duration gamma-ray bursts are the manifestations of massive stellar death. Due to the immense energy release they are detectable from most of the observable universe. In this way they allow us to study the deaths of single (or binary) massive stars possibly throughout the full timespan massive stars have existed in the Universe. GRBs provide a means to infer information about the environments and typical galaxies in which massive stars are formed. Two main obstacles remain to be crossed before the full potential of GRBs as probes of massive stars can be harvested: i) we need to build more complete and well understood samples in order not to be fooled by biases, and ii) we need to understand to which extent GRBs may be intrinsically biased in the sense that they are only formed by a limited subset of massive stars defined by most likely a restricted metallicity interval. We describe the status of an ongoing effort to build a more complete sample of long-duration GRBs with measured redshifts. Already now we can conclude that the environments of GRB progenitors are very diverse with metallicities ranging from solar to a hundredth solar and extinction ranging from none to A_V>5 mag. We have also identified a sightline with significant escape of Lyman continuum photons and another with a clear 2175AA extinction bump.

J. Fynbo; D. Malesani

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

332

Probing stellar accretion with mid-infrared hydrogen lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the origin of the mid-infrared (IR) hydrogen recombination lines for a sample of 114 disks in different evolutionary stages (full, transitional and debris disks) collected from the {\\it Spitzer} archive. We focus on the two brighter {H~{\\sc i}} lines observed in the {\\it Spitzer} spectra, the {H~{\\sc i}}(7-6) at 12.37$\\mu$m and the {H~{\\sc i}}(9-7) at 11.32$\\mu$m. We detect the {H~{\\sc i}}(7-6) line in 46 objects, and the {H~{\\sc i}}(9-7) in 11. We compare these lines with the other most common gas line detected in {\\it Spitzer} spectra, the {[Ne~{\\sc iii}]} at 12.81$\\mu$m. We argue that it is unlikely that the {H~{\\sc i}} emission originates from the photoevaporating upper surface layers of the disk, as has been found for the {[Ne~{\\sc iii}]} lines toward low-accreting stars. Using the {H~{\\sc i}}(9-7)/{H~{\\sc i}}(7-6) line ratios we find these gas lines are likely probing gas with hydrogen column densities of 10$^{10}$-10$^{11}$~cm$^{-3}$. The subsample of objects surrounded by ...

Rigliaco, Elisabetta; Duchene, G; Edwards, S; Ardila, D R; Grady, C; Mendigutía, I; Montesinos, B; Mulders, G D; Najita, J R; Carpenter, J; Furlan, E; Gorti, U; Meijerink, R; Meyer, M R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Measurements of radial profiles of ion cyclotron resonance heating on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

A small Radial Energy Analyzer (REA) was used on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U), at Lawerence Livermore National Laboratory, to investigate the radial profiles of ion temperature, density, and plasma potential during Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ICRH). The probe has been inserted into the central-cell plasma at temperatures of 200 eV and densities of 3 x 10/sup 12/cm/sup /minus 3// without damage to the probe, or major degradation of the plasma. This analyzer has indicated an increase in ion temperature from near 20 eV before ICRH to near 150 eV during ICRH, with about 60 kW of broadcast power. The REA measurements were cross-checked against other diagnostics on TMX-U and found to be consistent. The ion density measurement was compared to the line-density measured by microwave interferometry and found to agree within 10 to 20%. A radial intergral of n/sub i/T/sub i/ as measured by the REA shows good agreement with the diamagnetic loop measurement of plasma energy. The radial density profile is observed to broaden during the RF heating pulses, without inducing additional radial losses in the core plasma. The radial profile of plasma is seen to vary from axially peaked, to nearly flat as the plasma conditions carried over the series of experiments. To relate the increase in ion temperature to power absorbed by the plasma, a power balance as a function of radius was performed. The RF power absorbed is set equal to the sum of the losses during ICRH, minus those without ICRH. This method accounts for more than 70% of the broadcast power using a simple power balance model. The measured radial profile of the RF heating was compared to the calculations of two codes, ANTENA and GARFIELD, to test their effectiveness as predictors of power absorption profiles for TMX-U. 62 refs., 63 figs., 7 tabs.

Falabella, S.

1988-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

334

Optimization of a rapid nonisotopic DNA probe assay for Plasmodium falciparum in the Gambia.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Urbana 61801. An enzyme-linked synthetic DNA probe which hybridizes to repetitive...Gambia. | An enzyme-linked synthetic DNA probe which hybridizes to repetitive...April 1991 An enzyme-linked synthetic DNA probe which hybridizes to repetitive...

G L McLaughlin; C Decrind; R Dayal-Drager; M Hassan-King; S Subramanian; B M Greenwood

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Synthetic DNA probes for detection of enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens strains isolated from outbreaks of food poisoning.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Article Synthetic DNA probes for detection of enterotoxigenic...potential to produce enterotoxin. Synthetic DNA probes for detection of enterotoxigenic...American Society for Microbiology Synthetic DNA Probes for Detection of Enterotoxigenic...

M Van Damme-Jongsten; J Rodhouse; R J Gilbert; S Notermans

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplitude modulated probes Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UNDER CONTRACT DE-AC02-76CH03073 Summary: of the probe signal. The suppression of the high-frequency modulation of the probe signal by limiting... by the first probe (at the...

337

Langmuir probe diagnostics of an atmospheric pressure, vortex–stabilized nitrogen plasma jet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Langmuir probemeasurements in an atmospheric pressure direct current (dc) plasma jet are reported. Sweeping probes were used. The experiment was carried out using a dc non–transferred arc torch with a rod–type cathode and an anode of 5?mm diameter. The torch was operated at a nominal power level of 15?kW with a nitrogen flow rate of 25 Nl min?1. A flat ion saturation region was found in the current–voltage curve of the probe. The ion saturation current to a cylindrical probe in a high–pressure non local thermal equilibrium (LTE)plasma was modeled. Thermal effects and ionization/recombination processes inside the probe perturbed region were taken into account. Averaged radial profiles of the electron and heavy particle temperatures as well as the electron density were obtained. An electron temperature around 11?000?K a heavy particle temperature around 9500?K and an electron density of about 4?×?1022?m?3 were found at the jet centre at 3.5?mm downstream from the torch exit. Large deviations from kinetic equilibrium were found throughout the plasma jet. The electron and heavy particle temperature profiles showed good agreement with those reported in the literature by using spectroscopic techniques. It was also found that the temperature radial profile based on LTE was very close to that of the electrons. The calculations have shown that this method is particularly useful for studying spraying–type plasma jets characterized by electron temperatures in the range 9000–14 000?K.

L. Prevosto; H. Kelly; B. R. Mancinelli

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Nano-scale optical and electrical probes of materials and processes.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the investigations and milestones of the Nano-Scale Optical and Electrical Probes of Materials and Processes Junior/Senior LDRD. The goal of this LDRD was to improve our understanding of radiative and non-radiative mechanisms at the nanometer scale with the aim of increasing LED and solar cell efficiencies. These non-radiative mechanisms were investigated using a unique combination of optical and scanning-probe microscopy methods for surface, materials, and device evaluation. For this research we utilized our new near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) system to aid in understanding of defect-related emission issues for GaN-based materials. We observed micrometer-scale variations in photoluminescence (PL) intensity for GaN films grown on Cantilever Epitaxy pattern substrates, with lower PL intensity observed in regions with higher dislocation densities. By adding electrical probes to the NSOM system, the photocurrent and surface morphology could be measured concurrently. Using this capability we observed reduced emission in InGaN MQW LEDs near hillock-shaped material defects. In spatially- and spectrally-resolved PL studies, the emission intensity and measured wavelength varied across the wafer, suggesting the possibility of indium segregation within the InGaN quantum wells. Blue-shifting of the InGaN MQW wavelength due to thinning of quantum wells was also observed on top of large-scale ({micro}m) defect structures in GaN. As a direct result of this program, we have expanded the awareness of our new NSOM/multifunctional SPM capability at Sandia and formed several collaborations within Sandia and with NINE Universities. Possible future investigations with these new collaborators might include GaN-based compound semiconductors for green LEDs, nanoscale materials science, and nanostructures, novel application of polymers for OLEDs, and phase imprint lithography for large area 3D nanostructures.

Bogart, Katherine Huderle Andersen

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Improvements in 500-kHz Ultrasonic Phased-Array Probe Designs for Evaluation of Thick Section Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Welds  

SciTech Connect

PNNL has been studying and performing confirmatory research on the inspection of piping welds in coarse-grained steels for over 30 years. More recent efforts have been the application of low frequency phased array technology to this difficult to inspect material. The evolution of 500 kHz PA probes and the associated electronics and scanning protocol are documented in this report. The basis for the probe comparisons are responses from one mechanical fatigue crack and two thermal fatigue cracks in large-bore cast mockup specimens on loan from the Electric Power Research Institution. One of the most significant improvements was seen in the use of piezo-composite elements in the later two probes instead of the piezo-ceramic material used in the prototype array. This allowed a reduction in system gain of 30 dB and greatly reduced electronic noise. The latest probe had as much as a 5 dB increase in signal to noise, adding to its flaw discrimination capability. The system electronics for the latest probe were fully optimized for a 500 kHz center frequency, however significant improvements were not observed in the center frequency of the flaw responses. With improved scanner capabilities, smaller step sizes were used, allowing both line and raster data improvements to be made with the latest probe. The small step sizes produce high resolution images that improve flaw discrimination and, along with the increased signal-to-noise ratio inherent in the latest probe design, enhanced detection of the upper regions of the flaw make depth sizing more plausible. Finally, the physical sizes of the probes were progressively decreased allowing better access to the area of interest on specimens with weld crowns, and the latest probe was designed with non-integral wedges providing flexibility in focusing on different specimen geometries.

Crawford, Susan L.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Moran, Traci L.; Anderson, Michael T.; Diaz, Aaron A.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Predictions for Observing Protostellar Outflows with ALMA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protostellar outflows provide a means to probe the accretion process of forming stars and their ability to inject energy into their surroundings. However, conclusions based on outflow observations depend upon the degree of accuracy with which their properties can be estimated. We examine the quality of Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of protostellar outflows by producing synthetic $^{12}$CO(1-0) and $^{13}$CO(1-0) observations of numerical simulations. We use various ALMA configurations, observational parameters, and outflow inclinations to assess how accurately different assumptions and setups can recover underlying properties. We find that more compact arrays and longer observing times can improve the mass and momentum recovery by a factor of two. During the first $\\sim$0.3 Myr of evolution, $^{12}$CO(1-0) is optically thick, even for velocities $|v|\\ge 1$ km s$^{-1}$, and outflow mass is severely underestimated without an optical depth correction. Likewise, $^{13}$CO(1-0) i...

Bradshaw, C; Arce, H G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Observables of Macdonald processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a framework for computing averages of various observables of Macdonald processes. This leads to new contour--integral formulas for averages of a large class of multilevel observables, as well as Fredholm determinants for averages of two different single level observables.

Alexei Borodin; Ivan Corwin; Vadim Gorin; Shamil Shakirov

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

342

Methoden Wetenschappelijk and Observational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methoden Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Fact-free and Observational Science #12;Data · Part of modern science is based on observation ­How do we do this? ­And what are the pitfalls? · Knowing how to observe is an important step in experimental design #12;Three kinds of science · There are (in my view) three ways

Steels, Luc

343

Observations of the Askaryan Effect in Ice  

SciTech Connect

We report on the first observations of the Askaryan effect in ice: coherent impulsive radio Cherenkov radiation from the charge asymmetry in an electromagnetic (EM) shower. Such radiation has been observed in silica sand and rock salt, but this is the first direct observation from an EM shower in ice. These measurements are important since the majority of experiments to date that rely on the effect for ultra-high energy neutrino detection are being performed using ice as the target medium. As part of the complete validation process for the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) experiment, we performed an experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in June 2006 using a 7.5 metric ton ice target, yielding results fully consistent with theoretical expectations.

Gorham, P.W.

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

344

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropy probe 5-yr Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SAMPLING Summary: probe, including permeability, porosity, anisotropy, presence of a shale boundary, rate of mud... and probe pressures to estimate formation permeability,...

345

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropy probe five-year Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SAMPLING Summary: probe, including permeability, porosity, anisotropy, presence of a shale boundary, rate of mud... and probe pressures to estimate formation permeability,...

346

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropy probe wmapobservations Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SAMPLING Summary: probe, including permeability, porosity, anisotropy, presence of a shale boundary, rate of mud... and probe pressures to estimate formation permeability,...

347

Synthesis of a Targeted Biarsenical Cy3-Cy5 Affinity Probe for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Targeted Biarsenical Cy3-Cy5 Affinity Probe for Superresolution Fluorescence Imaging. Synthesis of a Targeted Biarsenical Cy3-Cy5 Affinity Probe for Superresolution Fluorescence...

348

A Red Cy3-Based Biarsenical Fluorescent Probe Targeted to a Complement...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Red Cy3-Based Biarsenical Fluorescent Probe Targeted to a Complementary Binding Peptide. A Red Cy3-Based Biarsenical Fluorescent Probe Targeted to a Complementary Binding Peptide....

349

E-Print Network 3.0 - active oxygen probe Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OXYGEN PROBES FOR RESPIROMETRY S. Marsili Libelli *, C. Barresi... oxygen, ideally the measuring probe should be able to follow DO variations without introducing any... by...

350

E-Print Network 3.0 - atom-probe field ion Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

au Journalde Physique 111,Volume 3, novembre 1993 Atom-probe... to the ductility properties of these alloys. This paper present an atom probe determination of oxygen...

351

Observing a Quantum Phase Transition by Measuring a Single Spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the ground-state quantum correlations of an Ising model can be detected by monitoring the time evolution of a single spin alone, and that the critical point of a quantum phase transition is detected through a maximum of a suitably defined observable. A proposed implementation with trapped ions realizes an experimental probe of quantum phase transitions which is based on quantum correlations and scalable for large system sizes.

Manuel Gessner; Michael Ramm; Hartmut Haeffner; Andreas Buchleitner; Heinz-Peter Breuer

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

352

Testing quantum correlations with nuclear probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigated the feasibility of quantum-correlation measurements in nuclear physics experiments. In a first approach, we measured spin correlations of singlet-spin (1S0) proton pairs, which were generated in 1H(d,2He) and 12C(d,2He) nuclear charge-exchange reactions. The experiment was optimized for a clean preparation of the 2He singlet state and offered a 2pi detection geometry for both protons in the exit channel. Our results confirm the effectiveness of the setup for theses studies, despite limitations of a small data sample recorded during the feasibility studies.

S. Hamieh; H. J. Woertche; C. Baeumer; A. M. van den Berg; D. Frekers; M. N. Harakeh; J. Heyse; M. Hunyadi; M. A. de Huu; C. Polachic; S. Rakers; C. Rangacharyulu

2003-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

353

Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Nonmetallic Plastic Pipe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Nonmetallic Plastic Pipe Opportunity The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is seeking collaborative research and licensing partners interested in implementing United States Patent Number 7,839,282 entitled "Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Nonmetallic Plastic Pipe." Disclosed in this patent is an analysis of materials using a capacitive sensor to detect anomalies in nonmetallic plastic pipe through comparison of measured capacitances. The capacitive sensor is used in conjunction with a capacitance measurement device, a location device, and a processor to generate a capacitance versus location output for the detection and localization of anomalies

354

Development of Micromachined Probes for Bio-Nano Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nitride and a thin gold coating. The tip profile and radius of curvature is tightly controlled in the probe fabrication to ensure a predictable tip-substrate contact. By scanning a fabricated probe on a single crystal silicon surface in ambient... of the magnetic core on the chip and placement of the top conductors with wire bonding. 1) To fabricate the probe substrate with bottom conductors, a layer of chromium (10 nm thick) and gold (300 nm thick) is deposited onto a nitride coated silicon wafer...

Yapici, Murat K.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

355

Observational Studies of Drizzle in Marine Stratocumulus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Cloud Imaging Probe (CIP) during four days of the Marinedistribution (DSD) measured from CIP/PDI and derived fromthe Cloud Imaging Probe (CIP) are merged with those from the

Rossiter, Dione Lee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Tracking and coupled dark energy as seen by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The satellite experiment, the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), has produced for the first time a high-coverage, high-resolution survey of the microwave sky, releasing publicly available data that are likely to remain unrivaled for years to come. Here we compare the WMAP temperature power spectrum, along with an exhaustive compilation of previous experiments, to models of dark energy that allow for a tracking epoch at the present, deriving updated bounds on the dark energy equation of state and the other cosmological parameters. Moreover, we complement the analysis by including a coupling of the dark energy to dark matter. The main results are (a) the WMAP data alone constrain the equation of state of tracking dark energy to be w?-1), which implies for an inverse power-law potential an exponent ?dark matter is |?|dark energy equation of state.

Luca Amendola and Claudia Quercellini

2003-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

357

Probe keeps keen eye on Sun  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... starting around 2003. That was the year NASA's Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) was launched (see 'Mission control'), carrying a new type of sensor developed ... s measurements of solar radiation, expected to be three times more precise than those from SORCE. ...

Jeff Tollefson

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

358

Scanning probe microscopy with inherent disturbance suppression using micromechanical systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All scanning probe microscopes (SPMs) are affected by disturbances, or mechanical noise, in their environments which can limit their imaging resolution. This thesis introduces a general approach for suppressing out-of-plane ...

Sparks, Andrew William, 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Current mission design of the solar probe mission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar Probe mission is now a part of the NASA Earth–Sun connection theme under the Living With a Star program. A concept study was completed recently, and the latest conceptual mission design for the Solar Probe mission is presented in this paper. Present trajectory design provides a mission scenario that offers repeated pole-to-pole near Sun flybys at perihelion of 4 solar radii with favorable quadrature geometry that permits continuous real-time data transmission during all solar passes. Solar Probe is to be delivered to the solar polar orbit through a direct Jupiter gravity assist trajectory that has launch opportunities every 13 months. The first solar flyby occurs 3.1 years after launch, and the subsequent solar flybys come every 4 years periodically, providing 3 unique opportunities to probe the Sun in one solar cycle.

Yanping Guo; Robert W Farquhar

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Application of FRET probes in the analysis of neuronal plasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Breakthroughs in imaging techniques and optical probes in recent years have revolutionized the field of life sciences in ways that traditional methods could never match. The spatial and temporal regulation of molecular ...

Ueda, Yoshibumi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Phonon Transport and Thermodynamics Probed with Neutron Scattering...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phonon Transport and Thermodynamics Probed with Neutron Scattering Oct 22 2014 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM Olivier Delaire, Scattering and Thermophysics Group, MSTD, ORNL, Oak Ridge...

362

Isotope and Temperature Effects in Liquid Water Probed by Soft...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Isotope and Temperature Effects in Liquid Water Probed by Soft X Rays Print The geometric structure of liquid water has been investigated in detail by many techniques, but many...

363

Neural network calibration for miniature multi-hole pressure probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A robust and accurate neural network based algorithm phics. for the calibration of miniature multi-hole pressure probes has been developed and a detailed description of its features and use is presented. The code that was developed was intended...

Vijayagopal, Rajesh

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Probing Aqueous Surfaces by ToF-SIMS. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

beneath it. This window supports the liquid against the vacuum by the liquid’s surface tension and limits the high-density vapor region traversed by the probe beams to...

365

Effect of filament supports on emissive probe measurements  

SciTech Connect

We have constructed an emissive probe with a thin tungsten filament spot-welded across two nickel wires insulated with ceramic paint. We show that the ceramic supports covering the nickel wires have a large effect on the potential measurements in low-density plasmas. It is found that the potential measured by the emissive probe is more negative than the potential derived from a Langmuir probe current-voltage (I-V) characteristic curve when the plasma density is so low that the emitting filament remains immersed in the sheaths of the ceramic supports. The length of the filament L needs to be larger than about 2 Debye lengths (L > 2{lambda}{sub De}) in order to avoid the influence of the ceramic supports and to achieve reliable plasma potential measurements using emissive probes.

Wang, X.; Howes, C. T. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); NASA Lunar Science Institute: Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Horanyi, M. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); NASA Lunar Science Institute: Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Robertson, S. [NASA Lunar Science Institute: Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Robustness to systematics for future dark energy probes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......acoustic oscillation (BAO) surveys. For the simplified systematic...somewhat more robust probe of dark energy parameters than the BAO. We...upcoming large-scale cosmological surveys, such as Dark Energy Survey (DES),1 Baryon Oscillation......

Marisa C. March; Roberto Trotta; Luca Amendola; Dragan Huterer

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

367

Dynamic study of tunable stiffness scanning microscope probe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines the dynamic characteristics of the in-plane tunable stiffness scanning microscope probe for an atomic force microscope (AFM). The analysis was carried out using finite element analysis (FEA) methods for ...

Vega González, Myraida Angélica

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Parylene Coated Silicon Probes for Neural Prosthesis Ray Huang1*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

breakage. However, manufacturing limitations have prevented a strong and biocompatible silicon electrode as well as the in vitro electrical characterization of the gold and platinum micro electrodes. Keywords - parylene cable; neural prosthesis; silicon probe I. INTRODUCTION An important

Andersen, Richard

369

Matter wave optical techniques for probing many-body targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reports on our investigation of the uses of matter waves to probe many-body targets. We begin by discussing decoherence in an atom interferometer, in which a free gas acts as a refractive medium for a matter ...

Sanders, Scott Nicholas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Observational learning in horses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING IN HORSES A Thesis by KATHERINE LOUISE BAER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1979 Major Subject: Animal... Science OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING IN HORSES A Thesis by KATHERINE LOUISE BAER Approved as to style and content by: L7 . 5+~ (Chairma of . C mmittee) ) c r (Mem ) YiNicc CJ ~- (Membeh) (Head of Department May 1979 ABSTRACT Observational...

Baer, Katherine Louise

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Probing Pulsar Winds Using Inverse Compton Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of inverse Compton scattering by electrons and positrons in the unshocked winds of rotationally-powered binary pulsars. This process can scatter low energy target photons to produce gamma rays with energies from MeV to TeV. The binary radio pulsars PSR B1259-63 and PSR J0045-73 are both in close eccentric orbits around bright main sequence stars which provide a huge density of low energy target photons. The inverse Compton scattering process transfers momentum from the pulsar wind to the scattered photons, and therefore provides a drag which tends to decelerate the pulsar wind. We present detailed calculations of the dynamics of a pulsar wind which is undergoing inverse Compton scattering, showing that the deceleration of the wind of PSR B1259-63 due to `inverse Compton drag' is small, but that this process may confine the wind of PSR J0045-73 before it attains pressure balance with the outflow of its companion star. We calculate the spectra and light curves of the resulting inverse Compton emission from PSR B1259-63 and show that if the size of the pulsar wind nebula is comparable to the binary separation, then the gamma-ray emission from the unshocked wind may be detectable by atmospheric Cerenkov detectors or by the new generation of satellite-borne gamma-ray detectors such as INTEGRAL and GLAST. This mechanism may therefore provide a direct probe of the freely-expanding regions of pulsar winds, previously thought to be invisible.

Lewis Ball; J. G. Kirk

1999-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

372

Probing interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we place observational constraints on the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model. We consider three kinds of phenomenological interactions between holographic dark energy and matter, i.e., the interaction term Q is proportional to the energy densities of dark energy (?{sub ?}), matter (?{sub m}), and matter plus dark energy (?{sub m}+?{sub ?}). For probing the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model, we use the latest observational data including the type Ia supernovae (SNIa) Constitution data, the shift parameter of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) given by the five-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP5) observations, and the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurement from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Our results show that the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model are both rather small. Besides, it is interesting to find that there exists significant degeneracy between the phenomenological interaction and the spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model.

Li, Miao [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Li, Xiao-Dong [Interdisciplinary Center for Theoretical Study, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Wang, Shuang [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Wang, Yi [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, H3A2T8 (Canada); Zhang, Xin, E-mail: mli@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: renzhe@mail.ustc.edu.cn, E-mail: swang@mail.ustc.edu.cn, E-mail: wangyi@hep.physics.mcgill.ca, E-mail: zhangxin@mail.neu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, College of Sciences, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004 (China)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Probing interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we place observational constraints on the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model. We consider three kinds of phenomenological interactions between holographic dark energy and matter, i.e., the interaction term $Q$ is proportional to the energy densities of dark energy ($\\rho_{\\Lambda}$), matter ($\\rho_{m}$), and matter plus dark energy ($\\rho_m+\\rho_{\\Lambda}$). For probing the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model, we use the latest observational data including the type Ia supernovae (SNIa) Constitution data, the shift parameter of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) given by the five-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP5) observations, and the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurement from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Our results show that the interaction and spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model are both rather small. Besides, it is interesting to find that there exists significant degeneracy between the phenomenological interaction and the spatial curvature in the holographic dark energy model.

Miao Li; Xiao-Dong Li; Shuang Wang; Yi Wang; Xin Zhang

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

374

Atomic Collapse Observed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists Observe Atomic Collapse State Quantum Mechanics Prediction Confirmed in Graphene Using NERSC's Hopper April 26, 2013 | Tags: Hopper, Materials Science Contact: Linda...

375

Hot Pot Field Observations  

SciTech Connect

Map of field observations including depressions, springs, evidence of former springs, travertine terraces and vegetation patterns. Map also contains interpretation of possible spring alignments.

Lane, Michael

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

376

Hot Pot Field Observations  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Map of field observations including depressions, springs, evidence of former springs, travertine terraces and vegetation patterns. Map also contains interpretation of possible spring alignments.

Lane, Michael

377

Comparison of linear and nonlinear acoustic probing of rock salt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPARISON OF LINEAR AND NONLINEAR ACOUSTIC PROBING OF ROCK SALT A Thesis by ALBERT MIN-HAO WANG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1980 Major Subject: Geophysics COMPARISON OF LINEAR AND NONLINEAR ACOUSTIC PROBING OF ROCK SALT A Thesis by ALBERT MIN-HAO 'RANG Approved as to style and content by: l('-/c~k~&(. Chairman o Comm ' ee Member) Member / I Member Head...

Wang, Albert Min-Hao

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

378

Band excitation method applicable to scanning probe microscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus are described for scanning probe microscopy. A method includes generating a band excitation (BE) signal having finite and predefined amplitude and phase spectrum in at least a first predefined frequency band; exciting a probe using the band excitation signal; obtaining data by measuring a response of the probe in at least a second predefined frequency band; and extracting at least one relevant dynamic parameter of the response of the probe in a predefined range including analyzing the obtained data. The BE signal can be synthesized prior to imaging (static band excitation), or adjusted at each pixel or spectroscopy step to accommodate changes in sample properties (adaptive band excitation). An apparatus includes a band excitation signal generator; a probe coupled to the band excitation signal generator; a detector coupled to the probe; and a relevant dynamic parameter extractor component coupled to the detector, the relevant dynamic parameter extractor including a processor that performs a mathematical transform selected from the group consisting of an integral transform and a discrete transform.

Jesse, Stephen; Kalinin, Sergei V

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

379

A new seismic probe for coal seam hazard detection  

SciTech Connect

An experimental hole-to-hole seismic probe system has been developed for use in coal measure geology as a means of determining the structural conditions of coal seams. The source probe produces a 500-joule electric arc discharge whose seismic wavelet has a spectrum in the 200 to 2,000 Hz frequency range. Low compliance hydrophones contained in the source probe as well as in a separate seismic detector probe are matched to the frequency range of the source. Both probes are constructed with 5.72 cm diameter housings. The transducers in the probes are equipped with fluid-inflatable boots to permit operation in either wet or dry boreholes. Preliminary tests in vertical boreholes drilled 213 m apart in sedimentary rock formations show reliable operation and useful seismic propagation measurements along horizontal and oblique paths up to 232 m in length. Because the seismic wavelet has an accurately repeatable waveshape, multiple shots and signal averaging techniques can be used to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio and extend the transmission distances.

Peters, W.R.; Owen, T.E.; Thill, R.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Situ soil sampling probe system with heated transfer line  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed both to an improved in situ penetrometer probe and to a heated, flexible transfer line. The line and probe may be implemented together in a penetrometer system in which the transfer line is used to connect the probe to a collector/analyzer at the surface. The probe comprises a heater that controls a temperature of a geologic medium surrounding the probe. At least one carrier gas port and vapor collection port are located on an external side wall of the probe. The carrier gas port provides a carrier gas into the geologic medium, and the collection port captures vapors from the geologic medium for analysis. In the transfer line, a flexible collection line that conveys a collected fluid, i.e., vapor, sample to a collector/analyzer. A flexible carrier gas line conveys a carrier gas to facilitate the collection of the sample. A system heating the collection line is also provided. Preferably the collection line is electrically conductive so that an electrical power source can generate a current through it so that the internal resistance generates heat.

Robbat, Jr., Albert (Andover, MA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Improved analysis techniques for cylindrical and spherical double probes  

SciTech Connect

A versatile double Langmuir probe technique has been developed by incorporating analytical fits to Laframboise's numerical results for ion current collection by biased electrodes of various sizes relative to the local electron Debye length. Application of these fits to the double probe circuit has produced a set of coupled equations that express the potential of each electrode relative to the plasma potential as well as the resulting probe current as a function of applied probe voltage. These equations can be readily solved via standard numerical techniques in order to determine electron temperature and plasma density from probe current and voltage measurements. Because this method self-consistently accounts for the effects of sheath expansion, it can be readily applied to plasmas with a wide range of densities and low ion temperature (T{sub i}/T{sub e} Much-Less-Than 1) without requiring probe dimensions to be asymptotically large or small with respect to the electron Debye length. The presented approach has been successfully applied to experimental measurements obtained in the plume of a low-power Hall thruster, which produced a quasineutral, flowing xenon plasma during operation at 200 W on xenon. The measured plasma densities and electron temperatures were in the range of 1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12}-1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 17} m{sup -3} and 0.5-5.0 eV, respectively. The estimated measurement uncertainty is +6%/-34% in density and +/-30% in electron temperature.

Beal, Brian; Brown, Daniel; Bromaghim, Daron [Air Force Research Laboratory, 1 Ara Rd., Edwards Air Force Base, California 93524 (United States); Johnson, Lee [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, California 91109 (United States); Blakely, Joseph [ERC Inc., 1 Ara Rd., Edwards Air Force Base, California 93524 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Global Lightning Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flash Rate Global distribution of lightning from a combined nine years of observations of the NASA OTDGlobal Lightning Observations #12;Optical Transient Detector ( launched April, 1995 ) Lightning Imaging Sensor ( launched November, 1997 ) Lightning Detection from Low Earth Orbit #12;LIS on TRMM #12

California at Berkeley, University of

383

Negative compressibility observed in graphene containing resonant impurities  

SciTech Connect

We observed negative compressibility in monolayer graphene containing resonant impurities under different magnetic fields. Hydrogenous impurities were introduced into graphene by electron beam (e-beam) irradiation. Resonant states located in the energy region of {+-}0.04 eV around the charge neutrality point were probed in e-beam-irradiated graphene capacitors. Theoretical results based on tight-binding and Lifshitz models agreed well with experimental observations of graphene containing a low concentration of resonant impurities. The interaction between resonant states and Landau levels was detected by varying the applied magnetic field. The interaction mechanisms and enhancement of the negative compressibility in disordered graphene are discussed.

Chen, X. L.; Wang, L.; Li, W.; Wang, Y.; He, Y. H.; Wu, Z. F.; Han, Y.; Zhang, M. W.; Xiong, W.; Wang, N. [Department of Physics and The William Mong Institute of Nano Science and Technology, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)] [Department of Physics and The William Mong Institute of Nano Science and Technology, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

384

Gamma Ray Burst Neutrinos Probing Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Very high energy, short wavelength, neutrinos may interact with the space-time foam predicted by theories of quantum gravity. They would propagate like light through a crystal lattice and be delayed, with the delay depending on the energy. This will appear to the observer as a violation of Lorenz invariance. Back of the envelope calculations imply that observations of neutrinos produced by gamma ray bursts may reach Planck-scale sensitivity. We revisit the problem considering two essential complications: the imprecise timing of the neutrinos associated with their poorly understood production mechanism in the source and the indirect nature of their energy measurement made by high energy neutrino telescopes.

M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; F. Halzen

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

385

Filename: FVB Invo2 Forced 121061.CHP Probe Array Type: MG_U74Av2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

121061.CHP Probe Array Type: MG_U74Av2 Algorithm: Statistical Probe Pair Thr: 8 Controls: Antisense.13 ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Filename: FVB Invo2 Forced 121062.CHP Probe Array Type: MG_U74Av2 Algorithm: Statistical Probe Pair Thr: 8

Betz, William J.

386

Observations on European Agriculture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

attempted to save as much as possime or tne the r )f applying it to the land. nure pilc ing or pi .. 7 3s run in reserving ,. ., Fig. 2-Manure pile, Grignon (France) Experiment Station. The pump for elevating the liquids is at the left, to the rear... attempted to save as much as possime or tne the r )f applying it to the land. nure pilc ing or pi .. 7 3s run in reserving ,. ., Fig. 2-Manure pile, Grignon (France) Experiment Station. The pump for elevating the liquids is at the left, to the rear...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1911-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

COR Summary of Experience  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COR SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE COR SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE Effective January 1, 2012 CORs who are applying for certification must demonstrate past contracting, acquisition, procurement, program/project management, and general business experience. This experience is based on a set of competencies. Some of the competencies are listed below to use as a reference when you are documenting your previous experience. Use this template to document your experience. Experience should be supported by a written confirmation from the cognizant Contracting Officer/Contract Specialist showing the contract number, title and date(s) to which the experience applied. Once you have completed this document, please forward it and its supporting statement(s) to your Site Acquisition Career Manager (SACM) as part of your application for COR certification.

388

Observational Neutrino Astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...models and nu-clear energy generation in stars...from stars, high-energy neutrino experiments...an Olympic-sized swimming pool. The most impor-tant...VOL. 147 percent efficiency) by the simple pro-cedure...neu-trino of a given energy, incident on a Cl...

John N. Bahcall

1965-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

389

Time-resolved electron thermal conduction by probing of plasma formation in transparent solids with high power subpicosecond laser pulses  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation work includes a series of experimental measurements in a search for better understanding of high temperature (10{sup 4}-10{sup 6}K) and high density plasmas (10{sup 22}-10{sup 24}cm{sup {minus}3}) produced by irradiating a transparent solid target with high intensity (10{sup 13} - 10{sup 15}W/cm{sup 2}) and subpicosecond (10{sup {minus}12}-10{sup {minus}13}s) laser pulses. Experimentally, pump and probe schemes with both frontside (vacuum-plasma side) and backside (plasma-bulk material side) probes are used to excite and interrogate or probe the plasma evolution, thereby providing useful insights into the plasma formation mechanisms. A series of different experiments has been carried out so as to characterize plasma parameters and the importance of various nonlinear processes. Experimental evidence shows that electron thermal conduction is supersonic in a time scale of the first picosecond after laser irradiation, so fast that it was often left unresolved in the past. The experimental results from frontside probing demonstrate that upon irradiation with a strong (pump) laser pulse, a thin high temperature ({approximately}40eV) super-critical density ({approximately}10{sup 23}/cm{sup 3}) plasma layer is quickly formed at the target surface which in turn becomes strongly reflective and prevents further transmission of the remainder of the laser pulse. In the bulk region behind the surface, it is also found that a large sub-critical ({approximately}10{sup 18}/cm{sup 3}) plasma is produced by inverse Bremsstrahlung absorption and collisional ionization. The bulk underdense plasma is evidenced by large absorption of the backside probe light. A simple and analytical model, modified from the avalanche model, for plasma evolution in transparent materials is proposed to explain the experimental results. Elimination of the bulk plasma is then experimentally illustrated by using targets overcoated with highly absorptive films.

Vu, B.T.V.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Experimental observation of correlated magnetic reconnection and Alfvénic ion jets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Correlations between magnetic reconnection and energetic ion flow events have been measured with merging force free spheromaks at the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment. The reconnection layer is measured with a linear probe array and ion flow is directly measured with a retarding grid energy analyzer. Flow has been measured both in the plane of the reconnection layer and out of the plane. The most energetic events occur in the reconnection plane immediately after formation as the spheromaks dynamically merge. The outflow velocity is nearly Alfvénic. As the spheromaks form equilibria and decay, the flow is substantially reduced.

T. W. Kornack; P. K. Sollins; M. R. Brown

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Vibrational Stark Spectroscopy in Proteins: A Probe and Calibration for Electrostatic Eun Sun Park, Steven S. Andrews, Robert B. Hu, and Steven G. Boxer*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shifts).15,16 Electrochromic band shifts in a protein result from the inter- action between a probe, and the observed electrochromic band shift is E ) hcj ) -µ,Fmatrix, where µ is the change in dipole moment associated with a spectroscopic transition. To interpret or calculate the electrochromic band shift in terms

Boxer, Steven G.

392

Probing the QCD phase diagram with fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relevance of higher order cumulants of conserved charges for the analysis of freeze-out and critical conditions in heavy ion collisions at LHC and RHIC is discussed. Using properties of $O(4)$ scaling functions, the generic structure of these higher cumulants at vanishing baryon chemical potential is discussed. Chiral model calculations are then used to study their properties at non-zero baryon chemical potential. It is argued that the rapid variation of sixth and higher order cumulants at the phase boundary may be used to explore the QCD phase diagram in experiment. Moreover, results for the Polyakov loop susceptibilities in SU(3) lattice gauge theory as well as in (2+1) flavor lattice QCD are discussed. An analysis of the ratios of susceptibilities indicates that the deconfinement transition is reflected in characteristic modifications of these ratios.

Friman, Bengt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Observations of the Eyewall Structure of Typhoon Sinlaku (2008) during the Transformation Stage of Extratropical Transition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A unique dataset observing the life cycle of Typhoon Sinlaku was collected during The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment (THORPEX) Pacific Asian Regional Campaign (T-PARC) in 2008. In this study observations of the ...

Annette M. Foerster; Michael M. Bell; Patrick A. Harr; Sarah C. Jones

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The Analysis of Underexpanded Jet Flows for Hypersonic Aerodynamic Experiments in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Analysis of Underexpanded Jet Flows for Hypersonic Aerodynamic Experiments in Vacuum Chambers V of rarefied-gas flows [1]- [3] and aerodynamics of hypersonic probes in wind tunnels [4]-[7]. The objective using quantum concepts [9], [10]. Aerodynamic characteristics of wedges, disks, and plates are studied

Riabov, Vladimir V.

395

Selective probe of the morphology and local vibrations at carbon nanoasperities  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a way to selectively probe local vibration modes at nanostructured asperities such as tips of carbon nanohorns. Our observations benefit from signal amplification in surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) at sites near a silver surface. We observe nanohorn tip vibration modes in the range 200-500 cm{sup -1}, which are obscured in regular Raman spectra. Ab initio density functional calculations assign modes in this frequency range to local vibrations at the nanohorn cap resembling the radial breathing mode of fullerenes. Careful interpretation of our SERS spectra indicates presence of caps with 5 or 6 pentagons, which are chemically the most active sites. Changes in the peak intensities and frequencies with time indicate that exposure to laser irradiation may cause structural rearrangements at the cap.

Fujimori, Toshihiko; Endo, Morinobu; Kaneko, Katsumi [Research Center for Exotic Nanocarbons (JST), Shinshu University, 4-17-1, Wakasato, Nagano-city 380-8553 (Japan); Urita, Koki; Moriguchi, Isamu [Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki 852-8521 (Japan); Tomanek, David [Physics and Astronomy Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Ohba, Tomonori [Department of Chemistry, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

396

Parity Dependence in Strong Lens Systems as a Probe of Dark Matter Substructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The amount of mass in small, dark matter clumps within galaxies (substructure) is an important test of cold dark matter. One approach to measuring the substructure mass fraction is to analyze the fluxes of images that have been strongly lensed by a galaxy. Flux ratios between images that are anomalous with respect to smooth (no substructure) models have previously suggested that there is a greater amount of substructure than found in dark matter simulations. One measure of anomalous flux ratios is parity dependence -- that the fluxes of different images of a source are perturbed differently. In this paper, we discuss parity dependence as a probe of dark matter substructure. We find that reproducing the observed parity dependence requires a significant alignment between concentrated dark matter clumps and images. The results may imply a larger fraction of mass in substructures than suggested by some dark matter simulations and that the observed parity dependence is unlikely to be reproduced by luminous satellites of lens galaxies.

Jacqueline Chen

2008-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

397

Probing Strain-Induced Changes in Electronic Structure with XMCD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Strain-Induced Changes Probing Strain-Induced Changes in Electronic Structure with XMCD Probing Strain-Induced Changes in Electronic Structure with XMCD Print Wednesday, 30 March 2011 00:00 The difference in the lattice constant of a substrate compared to a thin film deposited on top of it or a matrix compared to a nanocolumn embedded in it induces a lattice distortion-i.e., strain-in the nanostructure as compared to the bulk. The strong coupling of electronic properties with structural parameters in transition-metal oxides then allows tuning and ultimately controlling the physical characteristics of nanoarchitectures through strain. A research team from the UK and Berkeley has now demonstrated that soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) techniques are uniquely suited to provide detailed information about the impact of strain on the electronic properties of magnetic oxide nanoarchitectures.

398

High Bandwidth Differential Amplifier for Shock Experiments  

SciTech Connect

We developed a high bandwidth differential amplifier for gas gun shock experiments. The circuit has a bandwidth up to 1 GHz, and is capable of measuring signals of ?1.5 V with a common mode rejection of 250 V. Conductivity measurements of gas gun targets are measured by flowing high currents through the targets. The voltage is measured across the target using a technique similar to a four-point probe. Because of the design of the current source and load, the target voltage is approximately 250 V relative to ground. Since the expected voltage change in the target is < 1 V, the differential amplifier must have a large common mode rejection. Various amplifying designs are shown, although the increased amplification decreases bandwidth. Bench tests show that the amplifier can withstand significant common mode DC voltage and measure 10 ns, and 50 mV signals.

Ross, P., Tran, V., Chau, R.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

High Bandwidth Differential Amplifier for Shock Experiments  

SciTech Connect

We developed a high bandwidth differential amplifier for gas gun shock experiments/applications. The circuit has a bandwidth > 1 GHz, and is capable of measuring signals of ?1.5 V with a common mode rejection of 250 V. Conductivity measurements of gas gun targets are measured by flowing high currents through the targets. The voltage is measured across the target using a technique similar to a four-point probe. Because of the design of the current source and load, the target voltage is approximately 250 V relative to ground. Since the expected voltage change in the target is < 1 V, the differential amplifier must have a large common mode rejection. High pass filters suppress internal ringing of operational amplifiers. Results of bench tests are shown.

Ross, P. W., Tran, V., Chau, R.

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

400

Probing dark energy with future surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review the observational prospects to constrain the equation of state parameter of dark energy and I discuss the potential of future imaging and redshift surveys. Bayesian model selection is used to address the question of the level of accuracy on the equation of state parameter that is required before explanations alternative to a cosmological constant become very implausible. I discuss results in the prediction space of dark energy models. If no significant departure from w=-1 is detected, a precision on w of order 1% will translate into strong evidence against fluid-like dark energy, while decisive evidence will require a precision of order 10^-3.

Roberto Trotta

2006-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Probing the flavor violating scalar top quark signal at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has completed its run at 8 TeV with the experiments ATLAS and CMS having collected about 25??fb?1 of data each. Discovery of a light Higgs boson coupled with lack of evidence for supersymmetry at the LHC so far, has motivated studies of supersymmetry in the context of naturalness with the principal focus being the third generation squarks. In this work, we analyze the prospects of the flavor violating decay mode t˜1?c?10 at 8 and 13 TeV center-of-mass energy at the LHC. This channel is also relevant in the dark matter context for the stop-coannihilation scenario, where the relic density depends on the mass difference between the lighter stop quark (t˜1) and the lightest neutralino (?10) states. This channel is extremely challenging to probe, especially for situations when the mass difference between the lighter stop quark and the lightest neutralino is small. Using certain kinematical properties of signal events we find that the level of backgrounds can be reduced substantially. We find that the prospect for this channel is limited due to the low production cross section for top squarks and limited luminosity at 8 TeV, but at the 13 TeV LHC with 100??fb?1 luminosity, it is possible to probe top squarks with masses up to ?450??GeV. We also discuss how the sensitivity could be significantly improved by tagging charm jets.

Genevieve Belanger; Diptimoy Ghosh; Rohini Godbole; Monoranjan Guchait; Dipan Sengupta

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

402

Scanning Hall Probe Microscopy of Magnetic Vortices inVery Underdoped yttrium-barium-copper-oxide  

SciTech Connect

Since their discovery by Bednorz and Mueller (1986), high-temperature cuprate superconductors have been the subject of intense experimental research and theoretical work. Despite this large-scale effort, agreement on the mechanism of high-T{sub c} has not been reached. Many theories make their strongest predictions for underdoped superconductors with very low superfluid density n{sub s}/m*. For this dissertation I implemented a scanning Hall probe microscope and used it to study magnetic vortices in newly available single crystals of very underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} (Liang et al. 1998, 2002). These studies have disproved a promising theory of spin-charge separation, measured the apparent vortex size (an upper bound on the penetration depth {lambda}{sub ab}), and revealed an intriguing phenomenon of ''split'' vortices. Scanning Hall probe microscopy is a non-invasive and direct method for magnetic field imaging. It is one of the few techniques capable of submicron spatial resolution coupled with sub-{Phi}{sub 0} (flux quantum) sensitivity, and it operates over a wide temperature range. Chapter 2 introduces the variable temperature scanning microscope and discusses the scanning Hall probe set-up and scanner characterizations. Chapter 3 details my fabrication of submicron GaAs/AlGaAs Hall probes and discusses noise studies for a range of probe sizes, which suggest that sub-100 nm probes could be made without compromising flux sensitivity. The subsequent chapters detail scanning Hall probe (and SQUID) microscopy studies of very underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} crystals with T{sub c} {le} 15 K. Chapter 4 describes two experimental tests for visons, essential excitations of a spin-charge separation theory proposed by Senthil and Fisher (2000, 2001b). We searched for predicted hc/e vortices (Wynn et al. 2001) and a vortex memory effect (Bonn et al. 2001) with null results, placing upper bounds on the vison energy inconsistent with the theory. Chapter 5 discusses imaging of isolated vortices as a function of T{sub c}. Vortex images were fit with theoretical magnetic field profiles in order to extract the apparent vortex size. The data for the lowest T{sub c}'s (5 and 6.5 K) show some inhomogeneity and suggest that {lambda}{sub ab} might be larger than predicted by the T{sub c} {proportional_to} n{sub s}(0)/m* relation first suggested by results of Uemura et al. (1989) for underdoped cuprates. Finally, Chapter 6 examines observations of apparent ''partial vortices'' in the crystals. My studies of these features indicate that they are likely split pancake vortex stacks. Qualitatively, these split stacks reveal information about pinning and anisotropy in the samples. Collectively these magnetic imaging studies deepen our knowledge of cuprate superconductivity, especially in the important regime of low superfluid density.

Guikema, Janice Wynn; /SLAC, SSRL

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

403

Final Report: Levitated Dipole Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Since the very first experiments with the LDX, research progress was rapid and significant. Initial experiments were conducted with the high-field superconducting coil suspended by three thin rods. These experiments produced long-pulse, quasi-steady-state microwave discharges, lasting more than 10 s, having peak beta values of 20% [Garnier et al., Physics of Plasmas, 13 (2006) 056111]. High- beta, near steady-state discharges have been maintained in LDX for more than 20 seconds, and this capability made LDX the longest pulse fusion confinement experiment operating in the U.S. fusion program. A significant measure of progress in the LDX research program was the routine investigation of plasma confinement with a magnetically-levitated dipole and the resulting observations of confinement improvement. In both supported and levitated configurations, detailed measurements were made of discharge evolution, plasma dynamics and instability, and the roles of gas fueling, microwave power deposition profiles, and plasma boundary shape. High-temperature plasma was created by multi frequency electron cyclotron resonance heating at 2.45 GHz, 6.4 GHz, 10.5 GHz and 28 GHz allowing control of heating profiles. Depending upon neutral fueling rates, the LDX discharges contain a fraction of energetic electrons, with mean energies above 50 keV. Depending on whether or not the superconducting dipole was levitated or supported, the peak thermal electron temperature was estimated to exceed 500 eV and peak densities to approach 1e18 m?3. We have found that levitation causes a strong inwards density pinch [Boxer et al., Nature Physics, 6 (2010) 207] and we have observed the central plasma density increase dramatically indicating a significant improvement in the confinement of a thermal plasma species.

Kesner, Jay [Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Mauel, Michael [Columbia University

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

404

Single-molecule spectroscopy of the 2 adrenergic receptor: Observation of conformational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single-molecule spectroscopy of the 2 adrenergic receptor: Observation of conformational substates by Richard N. Zare, May 15, 2001 Single-molecule studies of the conformations of the intact 2 adrenergic single molecules diffusing across the probe volume of a confocal microscope. The effects of molecular

Kobilka, Brian

405

THE NEW CANGAROO TELESCOPE AND THE PROSPECT OF VHE GAMMA RAY OBSERVATION AT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

astronomy that provides us with the probe for the nonthermal high energy phenomena in the Universe. Gamma of the observations of very high energy gamma rays at Woomera, South Australia is presented to discuss the current status and prospect of gamma ray astronomy. Emission of gamma rays are due to copious production

Enomoto, Ryoji

406

Capacitively coupled RF voltage probe having optimized flux linkage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An RF sensor having a novel current sensing probe and a voltage sensing probe to measure voltage and current. The current sensor is disposed in a transmission line to link all of the flux generated by the flowing current in order to obtain an accurate measurement. The voltage sensor is a flat plate which operates as a capacitive plate to sense voltage on a center conductor of the transmission line, in which the measured voltage is obtained across a resistance leg of a R-C differentiator circuit formed by the characteristic impedance of a connecting transmission line and a capacitance of the plate, which is positioned proximal to the center conductor.

Moore, James A. (Powell, TN); Sparks, Dennis O. (Maryville, TN)

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

407

A nuclear magnetic resonance probe of group IV clathrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE PROBE OF GROUP IV CLATHRATES A Dissertation by WEIPING GOU Submitted to the O–ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2008... Major Subject: Physics A NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE PROBE OF GROUP IV CLATHRATES A Dissertation by WEIPING GOU Submitted to the O–ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR...

Gou, Weiping

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

408

EBONEEUROPEAN BIODIVERSITY OBSERVATION NETWORK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EBONEEUROPEAN BIODIVERSITY OBSERVATION NETWORK Geert De Blust, Guy Laurijssens, Hans Van Calster of biodiversity monitoring through close collaboration of users and data providers #12;#12;Design of a monitoring-effectiveness Optimization of biodiversity monitoring through close collaboration of users and data providers Geert De Blust1

409

Application of Stereo Vision to the Reconnection Scaling Experiment  

SciTech Connect

The measurement and simulation of the three-dimensional structure of magnetic reconnection in astrophysical and lab plasmas is a challenging problem. At Los Alamos National Laboratory we use the Reconnection Scaling Experiment (RSX) to model 3D magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) relaxation of plasma filled tubes. These magnetic flux tubes are called flux ropes. In RSX, the 3D structure of the flux ropes is explored with insertable probes. Stereo triangulation can be used to compute the 3D position of a probe from point correspondences in images from two calibrated cameras. While common applications of stereo triangulation include 3D scene reconstruction and robotics navigation, we will investigate the novel application of stereo triangulation in plasma physics to aid reconstruction of 3D data for RSX plasmas. Several challenges will be explored and addressed, such as minimizing 3D reconstruction errors in stereo camera systems and dealing with point correspondence problems.

Klarenbeek, Johnny [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sears, Jason A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gao, Kevin W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Intrator, Thomas P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Weber, Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

410

Fertilizer Experiments with Cotton.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIBRARY. A & M COLLEGE, CAMPUS I TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS BULLETIN NO. 469 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY Fertilizer Experiments with Cotton AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE... of seven years experiments with fertilizers on cotton at Troup, Nacogdoches, Angleton, College Station, Beeville, Tem- ple, and Denton, Texas, are reported in this Bulletin. The Kirvin fine sandy loam at Troup and the Nacogdoches and Ruston fine sandy...

Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Irish Potato Fertilizer Experiments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. BULLETIN NO 101 January, 1908. ish Potato Fertilizer Experiments - Postoffice, COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS OFFICERS. GOVERNING BOARD. (Board of Directors... was sc Be Irish Potato Fl nents W. S. Hotchkiss and E. J. Kyle. e fertilizer work with the Irish potato at Troupe was first planned fall of 1902. The results which were gotten upon harvesting the the spring of 1903 were so opposed, especially...

Hotchkiss, W.S.; Kyle, E. J. (Edwin Jackson)

1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

A Simple Eclipse Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the experiment above cited may be produced in one of three ways: first, by roughening the surface of the pin's head; secondly, by dust on the edges of ...

W. G. ROYAL-DAWSON

1912-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

413

CASL Test Stand Experience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industry Test Stand Experience Stephen Hess, EPRI Heather Feldman, EPRI Brenden Mervin, EPRI Martin Pytel, EPRI Rose Montgomery, TVA Bill Bird, TVA Fausto Franceschini,...

414

Operating Experience Committee Charter  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and the ability to learn from experience are attributes consistently evident in High Reliability Organizations. These organizations are learning organizations, which have...

415

Cosmological and Astrophysical Probes of Vacuum Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vacuum energy changes during cosmological phase transitions and becomes relatively important at epochs just before phase transitions. For a viable cosmology the vacuum energy just after a phase transition must be set by the critical temperature of the next phase transition, which exposes the cosmological constant problem from a different angle. Here we propose to experimentally test the properties of vacuum energy under circumstances different from our current vacuum. One promising avenue is to consider the effect of high density phases of QCD in neutron stars. Such phases have different vacuum expectation values and a different vacuum energy from the normal phase, which can contribute an order one fraction to the mass of neutron stars. Precise observations of the mass of neutron stars can potentially yield information about the gravitational properties of vacuum energy, which can significantly affect their mass-radius relation. A more direct test of cosmic evolution of vacuum energy could be inferred from a ...

Bellazzini, Brando; Hubisz, Jay; Serra, Javi; Terning, John

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Measurement of effective sheath width around cutoff probe in low-pressure plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Previous studies indicated that the measurement results of microwave probes can be improved by applying the adequate sheath width to their measurement models, and consequently the sheath width around the microwave probe tips has become very important information for microwave probe diagnostics. In this paper, we propose a method for measuring the argon plasma sheath width around the cutoff probe tips by applying the circuit model to the cutoff probe phase spectrum. The measured sheath width of the cutoff probe was found to be in good agreement with the floated sheath width calculated from the Child-Langmuir sheath law. The physical reasons for a discrepancy between the two measurements are also discussed.

Kim, D. W.; Oh, W. Y. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); You, S. J., E-mail: sjyou@kriss.re.kr; Kim, J. H. [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-306 (Korea, Republic of)] [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-306 (Korea, Republic of); Chang, H. Y. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Experiment Profile: Mu2e  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mu2e Mu2e NAME: Muon-to-electron conversion, or Mu2e WHAT IS THE EXPERIMENT LOOKING FOR? A muon that does not follow the traditional weak- force decay pattern into a lighter electron and two neutrinos, but converts wholly into an electron. WHAT WILL THIS TELL US ABOUT THE WORLD? * Observing Mu2e conversion would point the way to a unification of all the forces of nature controlling the interactions of matter. This unification of the four existing forces we observe today - gravity, the electromagnetic force, and the weak and strong forces - is considered Albert Einstein's dream of "grand unification. * Finding signs of this "grand unification" could explain how the universe evolved from being

418

The BaR-SPOrt experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

BaR-SPOrt (Balloon-borne Radiometer for Sky Polarization Observations) is an experiment to measure the linearly polarized emission of sky patches aboard a long duration stratospheric balloon. It consists of high sensitivity correlation polarimeters operating in the millimeter wavelength region and coupled to a telescope to obtain a sub-degree angular resolution for direct measurements of the Q and U Stokes parameters. This project shares most of the know-how and sophisticated technology developed for the SPOrt experiment aboard the International Space Station. The instrument design the various solutions to reduce the systematics and the observing strategy are here described.

M. Zannoni; M. Baralis; G. Bernardi; G. Boella; S. Bonometto; A. Boscaleri; E. Carretti; S. Cecchini; S. Cortiglioni; R. Fabbri; M. Gervasi; C. Macculi; J. Monari; E. Morelli; V. Natale; R. Nesti; L. Nicastro; E. Pascale; O. Peverini; S. Poppi; C. Sbarra; G. Sironi; R. Tascone; M. Tucci; G. Ventura

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

First Direct Observation of Spinons and Holons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

First Direct Observation of Spinons and Holons Print First Direct Observation of Spinons and Holons Print Spin and charge are inseparable traits of an electron, but in one-dimensional solids, a 40-year-old theory predicts their separation into "collective" modes-as independent excitation quanta called spinons and holons. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) should provide the most direct evidence of this spin-charge separation, as the single quasiparticle peak splits into a spinon-holon two-peak structure. However, despite extensive ARPES experiments, the unambiguous observation of the two-peak structure has remained elusive. Working at the ALS, a team of researchers from Korea, Japan, and the U.S. has now observed electron spin-charge separation in a one-dimensional solid. These results hold implications for future developments in several key areas of advanced technology, including high-temperature superconductors, nanowires, and spintronics.

420

First Direct Observation of Spinons and Holons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

First Direct Observation of Spinons and Holons Print First Direct Observation of Spinons and Holons Print Spin and charge are inseparable traits of an electron, but in one-dimensional solids, a 40-year-old theory predicts their separation into "collective" modes-as independent excitation quanta called spinons and holons. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) should provide the most direct evidence of this spin-charge separation, as the single quasiparticle peak splits into a spinon-holon two-peak structure. However, despite extensive ARPES experiments, the unambiguous observation of the two-peak structure has remained elusive. Working at the ALS, a team of researchers from Korea, Japan, and the U.S. has now observed electron spin-charge separation in a one-dimensional solid. These results hold implications for future developments in several key areas of advanced technology, including high-temperature superconductors, nanowires, and spintronics.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

First Observation of Plasmarons in Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

First Observation of Plasmarons First Observation of Plasmarons in Graphene First Observation of Plasmarons in Graphene Print Wednesday, 30 June 2010 00:00 An international team of scientists performing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments at ALS Beamline 7.0.1 have found that composite particles called plasmarons play a vital role in determining graphene's properties. A plasmaron consists of a charge carrier (electron or hole) coupled with a plasmon-an electron density wave. Although plasmarons were proposed theoretically in the late 1960s, and indirect evidence of them has been found, this work is the first observation of their distinct energy bands in graphene, or indeed in any material. The discovery may hasten the day when graphene can be used for "plasmonics" to build ultrafast computers-perhaps even room-temperature quantum computers-plus a wide range of other tools and applications.

422

First Direct Observation of Spinons and Holons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

First Direct Observation of Spinons and Holons Print First Direct Observation of Spinons and Holons Print Spin and charge are inseparable traits of an electron, but in one-dimensional solids, a 40-year-old theory predicts their separation into "collective" modes-as independent excitation quanta called spinons and holons. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) should provide the most direct evidence of this spin-charge separation, as the single quasiparticle peak splits into a spinon-holon two-peak structure. However, despite extensive ARPES experiments, the unambiguous observation of the two-peak structure has remained elusive. Working at the ALS, a team of researchers from Korea, Japan, and the U.S. has now observed electron spin-charge separation in a one-dimensional solid. These results hold implications for future developments in several key areas of advanced technology, including high-temperature superconductors, nanowires, and spintronics.

423

Spectroscopy of triplet states of Rb{sub 2} by femtosecond pump-probe photoionization of doped helium nanodroplets  

SciTech Connect

The dynamics of vibrational wave packets in triplet states of rubidium dimers (Rb{sub 2}) formed on helium nanodroplets are studied using femtosecond pump-probe photoionization spectroscopy. Due to fast desorption of the excited Rb{sub 2} molecules off the droplets and due to their low internal temperature, wave-packet oscillations can be followed up to very long pump-probe delay times > or approx. 1.5 ns. In the first-excited triplet state (1){sup 3}{sigma}{sub g}{sup +}, full and fractional revivals are observed with high contrast. Fourier analysis provides high-resolution vibrational spectra which are in excellent agreement with ab initio calculations.

Mudrich, M.; Heister, Ph.; Hippler, T.; Giese, Ch.; Stienkemeier, F. [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg (Germany); Dulieu, O. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud, Batiment 505, 91405 Orsay (France)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

Observable fast kinetic eigenmode in binary noble-gas mixtures  

SciTech Connect

It is suggested that a fast kinetic mode should be observable in a whole class of disparate mass fluid mixtures, such as gaseous He-Xe, by neutron scattering experiments, at not too high densities and Xe concentrations.

Campa, A.; Cohen, E.G.D.

1988-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Atom probe field-ion microscopy investigation of nickel base superalloy welds  

SciTech Connect

Microstructure development and elemental partitioning between {gamma} and {gamma}{prime} were measured in PWA-1480 electron beam welds and CMSX-4 pulsed-laser welds. In PWA-1480 EB welds, eutectic {gamma}{prime} phases were observed along the dendritic boundaries. The elemental partitioning between {gamma} and {gamma}{prime} was found to be similar to that in PWA-1480 base metal. In CMSX-4 pulsed laser welds, negligible eutectic {gamma}{prime} was observed. In addition, fine and irregularly shaped {gamma}{prime} precipitates were observed. The elemental partitioning between {gamma} and {gamma}{prime} was found to be different from that measured in the base metal. Large concentration gradients were observed in the {gamma} phase. The {gamma}{prime} precipitation kinetics in CM247DS alloy was measured using dilatometry and showed differences with different cooling rates. The microstructural investigations showed that at large undercoolings the number density of {gamma}{prime} precipitates increased and led to a finer size. This supports the microstructure development observations in PWA-1480 and CMSX-4 welds. Thermodynamic and kinetic calculations for the Ni-Al-Cr alloy system showed that as the cooling rate increases, the {gamma}{prime} growth leads to large concentration gradients in the {gamma} phase. The calculations agree with the atom probe results from PWA-1480 and CMSX-4 welds.

Babu, S.S.; David, S.A.; Vitek, J.M.; Miller, M.K.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Probing the mass loss history of carbon stars using CO line and dust continuum emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An extensive modelling of CO line emission from the circumstellar envelopes around a number of carbon stars is performed. By combining radio observations and infrared observations obtained by ISO the circumstellar envelope characteristics are probed over a large radial range. In the radiative transfer analysis the observational data are consistently reproduced assuming a spherically symmetric and smooth wind expanding at a constant velocity. The combined data set gives better determined envelope parameters, and puts constraints on the mass loss history of these carbon stars. The importance of dust in the excitation of CO is addressed using a radiative transfer analysis of the observed continuum emission, and it is found to have only minor effects on the derived line intensities. The analysis of the dust emission also puts further constraints on the mass loss rate history. The stars presented here are not likely to have experienced any drastic long-term mass loss rate modulations, at least less than a factor of about 5, over the past thousands of years. Only three, out of nine, carbon stars were observed long enough by ISO to allow a detection of CO far-infrared rotational lines.

F. L. Schoeier; N. Ryde; H. Olofsson

2002-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

427

FINAL ANALYTICAL RESULTS FROM THE EXAMINATION OF CORROSION ON SECTIONS OF CORROSION PROBE REMOVED FROM TANK 241-AN-107 ON 08/10/2006  

SciTech Connect

Tank Farms Operations removed an electrochemical noise probe from Tank 241-AN-107. In the field, the probe was cut into four sections, wrapped, and placed in a 55-gallon drum, This drum was delivered to the 222-S Laboratory. The 222 S Laboratory unpackaged the sections of the AN-107 electrochemical noise probe and examined the material for evidence of corrosion. Each of the four sections contained three C-ring and three bullet specimens. The specimens were examined for pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking. No evidence of stress corrosion cracking was found in the stressed C-ring specimens. Minor pitting was evident on some surfaces. Crevice corrosion was the dominant type of corrosion observed.

DUNCAN JB; COOKE GA

2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

428

Proximal Probes based Nanorobotic Drawing of Polymer Micro/Nanofibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Proximal Probes based Nanorobotic Drawing of Polymer Micro/Nanofibers Amrinder S. Nain, Cristina cantilevers, custom 3D fibers, and fiber networks, are proposed to be fabricated. Poly(methyl methacrylate with diameters from few microns to 200 nm. Fabrication of crossed and linear networks of fibers is also

Sitti, Metin

429

Electron Probe Micro-Analysis Nilanjan Chatterjee, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electron Probe Micro-Analysis Nilanjan Chatterjee, Ph.D. Principal Research Scientist Electron of Technology #12;What we do with the Electron Microprobe Imaging and EDS qualitative analysis: ·Secondary electron (surface relief) ·Backscattered electron (composition) ·Cathodoluminescence ·Low resolution X

Rothman, Daniel

430

Probing scale interaction in brain dynamics through synchronization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Theme Issue Complex network theory and the brain compiled and edited by David Papo, Javier...Bullmore Probing scale interaction in brain dynamics through synchronization Alessandro...Theme Issue Complex network theory and the brain . The mammalian brain operates in multiple...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Equilibrium Isotope Effects as a Probe of Nonbonding Attractions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Equilibrium Isotope Effects as a Probe of Nonbonding Attractions ... Nonbonding interactions that occur in host?guest systems and the active sites of enzymes are altered by isotopic substitutions.1 For example, the binding affinities of caffeine isotopomers to human serum albumin vary considerably. ...

Yi-Lei Zhao; K. N. Houk; Dalit Rechavi; Alessandro Scarso; Julius Rebek, Jr.

2004-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

432

Methods for making nucleotide probes for sequencing and synthesis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Compositions and methods for making a plurality of probes for analyzing a plurality of nucleic acid samples are provided. Compositions and methods for analyzing a plurality of nucleic acid samples to obtain sequence information in each nucleic acid sample are also provided.

Church, George M; Zhang, Kun; Chou, Joseph

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

433

Construction and testing of a flue-gas corrosion probe  

SciTech Connect

The selection of suitable materials for industrial, waste-heat- recovery systems requires assessment of corrosion of materials in various flue-gas environments. Such assessments involve exposing candidate materials to high-temperature flue gases and analyzing the effects of the exposure conditions. Because corrosion is related to flue-gas chemical composition and temperature, variations in temperature complicate the determination of corrosion rates and corrosion mechanisms. Conversely, a relatively constant temperature allows a more accurate determination of the effects of exposure conditions. For this reason, controlled-temperature flue-gas corrosion probes were constructed and tested for exposure tests of materials. A prototype probe consisted of a silicon carbide tube specimen, supporting hardware, and instrumentation for controlling temperature by internal heating and cooling. An advanced probe included other tubular specimens. Testing of the probes in an industrial-type furnace at a nominal flue-gas temperature of 1200{degree}C revealed that temperature control was inadequate. The cooling mode imposed a substantial axial-temperature gradient on the specimens; while the heating mode imposed a smaller gradient, the heating capacity was very limited. 10 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

Federer, J.I.; McEvers, J.A.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Probing dark energy with the shear-ratio geometric test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......CMB) we design an optimal survey for probing dark energy. This shows that a targeted...Belfiore et al. 2005), the Dark Energy Survey on the CTIO (Wester 2005...case for, for example, the Dark Energy Survey on the CTIO Blanco telescope......

A. N. Taylor; T. D. Kitching; D. J. Bacon; A. F. Heavens

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Probing Metagenomics by Rapid Cluster Analysis of Very Large Datasets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probing Metagenomics by Rapid Cluster Analysis of Very Large Datasets Weizhong Li1 , John C. Wooley PLoS Biol 5, e16). Such datasets, not only by their sheer size, but also by many other features, defy datasets by advanced clustering strategies using the newly modified CD-HIT algorithm. We performed

Weitz, Joshua S.

436

Drop test of the Huygens Probe from a stratospheric balloon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Huygens is an atmospheric Probe designed for the in-situ exploration of the atmosphere of Titan. Huygens is the ESA-provided element of the joint NASA/ESA Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn and Titan. The Cassini-Huygens launch is foreseen in October 1997. After a 7-year journey through the Solar system, Huygens will separate from the mother spacecraft, the Cassini Saturn Orbiter, in early November 2004. About 3 weeks after separation, the Huygens Probe will enter into the upper atmosphere of Titan protected by its heat shield. Following the ejection of the heat shield, the parachute will be deployed for controlling the descent through the atmosphere of Titan down to the surface. The descent will last between 2 and 212 hours. For the drop test, a full scale model of the Huygens Probe, which included all flight-like mechanisms and parachutes, was developed. The main objective of the test was to demonstrate the parachute deployment sequence; a secondary objective was to characterise the science-driven probe stability and spin design features during the parachute descent phase.

E. Jäkel; P. Rideau; P.R. Nugteren; J. Underwood; P. Faucon; J-P. Lebreton

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Compact endocavity diagnostic probes for nuclear radiation detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the field of radiation imaging. In particular, the invention relates to an apparatus and a method for imaging tissue or an inanimate object using a novel probe that has an integrated solid-state semiconductor detector and complete readout electronics circuitry.

Cui, Yonggang; James, Ralph; Bolotnikov, Aleksey

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

438

Ultra-Fast Pump-Probe Detection Using Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The temporal resolution of pump-flash interactions in the femtosecond-attosecond (fs-as) regime is limited by the characteristic time constants of the excited states in the detector material. If the relaxation time constant is appreciably longer that the time interval between the pump and probe signals the response of the detector material to the probe represents a temporal convolution with the pump and probe responses, setting a lower limit on the resolution to which the interval between the two pulses can be measured. In most of the solid state ultrafast detection schemes that are being considered for the ultrashort pulse x-ray sources under current development at SLAC and elsewhere the characteristic time constants are related to the bound states of the atoms comprising the material or to the relaxation times of phase transitions or charge carrier populations of the lattice, setting a probable lower limit on the attainable resolution on the order of {approx}0.1 ps. In this paper we consider a novel detection principle based on the excitation of specially prepared unbound states in an ionized plasma with high pump and probe fields, and estimate its potential for extending the lower limit of resolution into the attosecond (as) regime.

Tatchyn, R.; /SLAC

2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

439

Bubble Colloidal AFM Probes Formed from Ultrasonically Generated Bubbles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Letters Bubble Colloidal AFM Probes Formed from Ultrasonically Generated Bubbles Ivan U. Vakarelski forces between two small bubbles (80-140 µm) in aqueous solution during controlled collisions) was extended to measure interaction forces between a cantilever-attached bubble and surface-attached bubbles

Chan, Derek Y C

440

Note: Folded optical system for narrow forward looking probe  

SciTech Connect

An optical system is described in which a laser beam makes three passes through a single graded index lens, forming a focus along the optic axis. It has important applications in endoscopic probes, where the forward looking characteristic permits the avoidance of obstacles and the narrow structure makes it minimally invasive.

Hou, Hsuan-Chao; Hah, Dooyoung; Kim, Jeonghwan; Feldman, M., E-mail: mfeldm1@lsu.edu [Division of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Rotary union for use with ultrasonic thickness measuring probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotary union for rotatably supporting an ultrasonic probe operable to nondestructively measure the thickness of steam generator tubes to determine the amount of corrosion experienced by the tubes includes a stationary body having a bore therethrough and an outlet drain, and a fitting rotatably mounted within the upper end of the body. The fitting has a bore aligned with the bore of the body. An electrical cable positioned within a water supply tube in an annular arrangement passes through the bore of the body and the bore of the fitting. This annular arrangement, in turn, is positioned within a connector element which extends outwardly from the fitting bore and is connected to the ultrasonic probe. An elastomeric lower bushing seals the annular arrangement to the lower end of the rotary union body and an elastomeric upper bushing seals the connector element to the fitting to permit the connector element and the ultrasonic probe connected thereto to rotate with the fitting relative to the body. The lower and upper bushings permit water to be passed through the annular arrangement and into the ultrasonic probe and thereafter discharged between the annular arrangement and the connector element to the outlet drain of the rotary union body. 5 figs.

Nachbar, H.D.

1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

Femtosecond photoelectron and photoion spectrometer with vacuum ultraviolet probe pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a setup to study ultrafast dynamics in gas-phase molecules using time-resolved photoelectron and photoion spectroscopy. The vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) probe pulses are generated via strong field high-order harmonic generation from infrared femtosecond laser pulses. The band pass characteristic in transmission of thin indium (In) metal foil is exploited to isolate the $9^{\\text{th}}$ harmonic of the 800 nm fundamental (H9, 14 eV, 89 nm) from all other high harmonics. The $9^{\\text{th}}$ harmonic is obtained with high conversion efficiencies and has sufficient photon energy to access the complete set of valence electron levels in most molecules. The setup also allows for direct comparison of VUV single-photon probe with 800 nm multi-photon probe without influencing the delay of excitation and probe pulse or the beam geometry. We use a magnetic bottle spectrometer with high collection efficiency for electrons, serving at the same time as a time of flight spectrometer for ions. Characterization measurem...

Koch, Markus; Grilj, Jakob; Sistrunk, Emily; Gühr, Markus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Technical Note Ultrasound Probe with Integrated ECG Lead: Feasibility Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technical Note Ultrasound Probe with Integrated ECG Lead: Feasibility Study ARCHANA RAMIREDDY 27708 stephen.w.smith@duke.edu We integrated electrocardiogram (ECG) leads onto the face of a cardiac of devices needed to col- lect cardiac information. Since the ECG leads were not placed on their standard

Smith, Stephen

444

The DITE Tokamak Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...April 1981 research-article The DITE Tokamak Experiment J. W. M. Paul W. H. M...magnetic containment of hot plasma in the tokamak toroidal configuration, and plasma heating...these concepts in the Divertor Injection Tokamak Experiment (DITE) at Culham Laboratory...

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Practical Experiments in Statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An simple and inexpensive experiment in radioactive decay that can be applied to any field that requires a knowledge of statistics; the primary goal is to familiarize students with probability distributions. ... A Didactic Experience of Statistical Analysis for the Determination of Glycine in a Nonaqueous Medium Using ANOVA and a Computer Program ...

Craig A. Stone; Lorin D. Mumaw

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Conference: Synergy Between Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kaxiras (Harvard) Synopsis ­ Society's ceaseless demand for clean, renewable energy resources on rapidly developing areas of nanoscale computation, will hold a conference on energy research, experimentAn NNIN/C Conference: Synergy Between Experiment and Computation in Energy ­ Looking to 2030. Yu

Heller, Eric

447

Microscopic observations on a kinetic Ising model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We comment on the practical realization and physical relevance of a k i n e t i cIsing model which has played an important role during the last decade as a guide for real experiments and for the development of theory. We stress the possibility of performing m i c r o s c o p i c observations during the computer evolution of the model system. This is illustrated by discussing the observed behavior of some general concepts of physics such as energy specific heat and metastable states.

J. Marro; R. Toral

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Direct observation of time reversal violation  

SciTech Connect

A direct evidence for Time Reversal Violation (TRV) means an experiment that, considered by itself, clearly shows TRV independent of, and unconnected to, the results for CP Violation. No existing result before the recent BABAR experiment with entangled neutral B mesons had demonstrated TRV in this sense. There is a unique opportunity for a search of TRV with unstable particles thanks to the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) Entanglement between the two neutral mesons in B, and PHI, Factories. The two quantum effects of the first decay as a filtering measurement and the transfer of information to the still living partner allow performing a genuine TRV asymmetry with the exchange of 'in' and 'out' states. With four independent TRV asymmetries, BABAR observes a large deviation of T-invariance with a statistical significance of 14 standard deviations, far more than needed to declare the result as a discovery. This is the first direct observation of TRV in the time evolution of any system.

Bernabeu, J. [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Valencia, and IFIC, Joint Centre Univ. Valencia-CSIC (Spain)

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

449

COR Summary of Experience  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COR SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE Effective January 1, 2012, the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) added a requirement for past COR experience to qualify for FAC-COR Level II (journeyman level) and III (senior/expert level). At least 1 year of COR experience is required to qualify for Level II; 2 years for Level III. OFPP strongly advises that applicants for Level III have prior experience at Level II. Applicants with no prior experience as an appointed COR must demonstrate proficiency in the specific competencies listed below for the same time period, validated by a cognizant Contracting Officer or Contract Specialist by signature below or an accompanying e-mail. Submit this form to your Site Acquisition Career Manager (SACM) as part of your application

450

Quantitatively Probing the Al Distribution in Zeolites  

SciTech Connect

The degree of substitution of Si4+ by Al3+ in the oxygen-terminated tetrahedra (Al T-sites) of zeolites determines the concentration of ion-exchange and Brønsted acid sites. As the location of the tetrahedra and the associated subtle variations in bond angles influence the acid strength, quantitative information about Al T-sites in the framework is critical to rationalize catalytic properties and to design new catalysts. A quantitative analysis is reported that uses a combination of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis and 27Al MAS NMR spectroscopy supported by DFT-based molecular dynamics simulations. To discriminate individual Al atoms, sets of ab initio EXAFS spectra for various T-sites are generated from DFT-based molecular dynamics simulations allowing quantitative treatment of the EXAFS single- and multiple-photoelectron scattering processes out to 3-4 atom shells surrounding the Al absorption center. It is observed that identical zeolite types show dramatically different Al-distributions. A preference of Al for T-sites that are part of one or more 4-member rings in the framework over those T-sites that are part of only 5- and 6-member rings in the HBEA150 sample has been determined from a combination of these methods. This work was supported by the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences.

Vjunov, Aleksei; Fulton, John L.; Huthwelker, Thomas; Pin, Sonia; Mei, Donghai; Schenter, Gregory K.; Govind, Niranjan; Camaioni, Donald M.; Hu, Jian Z.; Lercher, Johannes A.

2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

451

ELECTRON CLOUD OBSERVATIONS AND CURES IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

Since 2081 MIC has experienced electron cloud effects, which have limited the beam intensity. These include dynamic pressure rises - including pressure instabilities, tune shifts: electrons, a reduction of the stability threshold for bunches crossing the transition energy, and possibly slow emittance growth. We summarize the main observations in operation and dedicated experiments, as well as countermeasures including baking, NEG coated warm beam pipes, solenoids, bunch patterns, anti-grazing rings, pre-pumped cold beam pipes, and scrubbing.

FISCHER,W.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; HUAN, H.; HSEUH, H.C.; PTITSYN, V.; ROSER, T.; THIEBERGER, P.; TRBOJEVIC, D.; WEI, J.; ZHANG, S.Y.; IRISO, U.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

ELECTRON CLOUD OBSERVATIONS AND CURES IN RHIC  

SciTech Connect

Since 2001 RHIC has experienced electron cloud effects, which have limited the beam intensity. These include dynamic pressure rises - including pressure instabilities, tune shifts, a reduction of the stability threshold for bunches crossing the transition energy, and possibly incoherent emittance growth. We summarize the main observations in operation and dedicated experiments, as well as countermeasures including baking, NEG coated warm beam pipes, solenoids, bunch patterns, anti-grazing rings, pre-pumped cold beam pipes, scrubbing, and operation with long bunches.

FISCHER,W.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; HUANG, H.; HSEUH, H.C.; ET AL.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

453

Absorption, photoluminescence, and resonant Rayleigh scattering probes of condensed microcavity polaritons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate and compare different optical probes of a condensed state of microcavity polaritons in expected experimental conditions of nonresonant pumping. We show that the energy- and momentum-resolved resonant Rayleigh signal provides a distinctive probe of condensation as compared to, e.g., photoluminescence emission. In particular, the presence of a collective sound mode both above and below the chemical potential can be observed, as well as features directly related to the density of states of particle-hole-like excitations. Both resonant Rayleigh response and the absorption and photoluminescence are affected by the presence of quantum well disorder, which introduces a distribution of oscillator strengths between quantum well excitons at a given energy and cavity photons at a given momentum. As we show, this distribution makes it important that in the condensed regime, scattering by disorder is taken into account to all orders. We show that, in the low-density linear limit, this approach correctly describes inhomogeneous broadening of polaritons. In addition, in this limit, we extract a linear blueshift of the lower polariton versus density, with a coefficient determined by temperature and by a characteristic disorder length.

F. M. Marchetti, J. Keeling, M. H. Szyma?ska, and P. B. Littlewood

2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

454

Introduction of the CDEX experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are the candidates of dark matter in our universe. Up to now any direct interaction of WIMP with nuclei has not been observed yet. The exclusion limits of the spin-independent cross section of WIMP-nucleon which have been experimentally obtained is about 10^{-7}pb at high mass region and only 10^{-5}pb} at low mass region. China Jin-Ping underground laboratory CJPL is the deepest underground lab in the world and provides a very promising environment for direct observation of dark matter. The China Dark Matter Experiment (CDEX) experiment is going to directly detect the WIMP flux with high sensitivity in the low mass region. Both CJPL and CDEX have achieved a remarkable progress in recent two years. The CDEX employs a point-contact germanium semi-conductor detector PCGe whose detection threshold is less than 300 eV. We report the measurement results of Muon flux, monitoring of radioactivity and Radon concentration carried out in CJPL, as well describe the structure ...

Kang, Ke-Jun; Li, Jin; Li, Yuan-Jing; Yue, Qian; Bai, Yang; Bi, Yong; Chang, Jian-Ping; Chen, Nan; Chen, Ning; Chen, Qing-Hao; Chen, Yun-Hua; Deng, Zhi; Du, Qiang; Gong, Hui; Hao, Xi-Qing; He, Hong-Jian; He, Qing-Ju; Hu, Xin-Hui; Huang, Han-Xiong; Jiang, Hao; Li, Jian-Min; Li, Xia; Li, Xin-Ying; Li, Xue-Qian; Li, Yu-Lan; Liu, Shu-Kui; Liu, Ya-Bin; Lu, Lan-Chun; Ma, Hao; Qin, Jian-Qiang; Ren, Jie; Ren, Jing; Ruan, Xi-Chao; Shen, Man-Bin; Su, Jian; Tang, Chang-Jian; Tang, Zhen-Yu; Wang, Ji-Min; Wang, Qing; Wang, Xu-Feng; Wu, Shi-Yong; Wu, Yu-Cheng; Xianyu, Zhong-Zhi; Xing, Hao-Yang; Xu, Xun-Jie; Xu, Yin; Xue, Tao; Yang, Li-Tao; Yi, Nan; Yu, Hao; Yu, Chun-Xu; Zeng, Xiong-Hui; Zeng, Zhi; Zhang, Lan; Zhang, Guang-Hua; Zhao, Ming-Gang; Zhong, Su-Ning; Zhou, Jin; Zhou, Zu-Ying; Zhu, Jing-Jun; Zhu, Wei-Bin; Zhu, Xue-Zhou; Zhu, Zhong-Hua

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

New Physics Search with Precision Experiments: Theory Input  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The best way to search for new physics is by using a diverse set of probes - not just experiments at the energy and the cosmic frontiers, but also the low-energy measurements relying on high precision and high luminosity. One example of such ultra-precision experiments is the MOLLER experiment planned at JLab, which will measure the parity-violating electron-electron scattering asymmetry and allow a determination of the weak mixing angle with a factor of five improvement in precision over its predecessor, E-158. At this precision, any inconsistency with the Standard Model should signal new physics. The paper will explore how new physics particles enter at the next-to-leading order one-loop level. For MOLLER we analyze the effects of dark Z'-boson on the total calculated asymmetry, and show how this new physics interaction carriers may influence the analysis of the future experimental results.

Aleksejevs, A; Wu, S; Zykunov, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

T-698: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks T-698: Adobe ColdFusion Input Validation Flaw in 'probe.cfm' Permits Cross-Site Scripting...

457

The Electric Field and Waves Instruments on the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Electric Fields and Waves (EFW) Instruments on the two Radiation Belt Storm Probe (RBSP) spacecraft (recently renamed the Van Allen Probes) are designed to measure three dimensional quasi-static and low frequency ...

Wygant, J. R.

458

Development of a microfluidic device for patterning multiple species by scanning probe lithography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scanning Probe Lithography (SPL) is a versatile nanofabrication platform that leverages microfluidic “ink” delivery systems with Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM) for generating surface-patterned chemical functionality on the sub-100 nm length scale...

Rivas Cardona, Juan Alberto

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

459

Cell-Trappable Fluorescent Probes for Nitric Oxide Visualization in Living Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two new cell-trappable fluorescent probes for nitric oxide (NO) are reported based on either incorporation of hydrolyzable esters or conjugation to aminodextran polymers. Both probes are highly selective for NO over other ...

Pluth, Michael D.

460

The Architecture of the Qo Site of Cytochrome bc1 Complex Probed...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Architecture of the Qo Site of Cytochrome bc1 Complex Probed by Superoxide Production. The Architecture of the Qo Site of Cytochrome bc1 Complex Probed by Superoxide Production....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Seminaphthofluorescein-Based Fluorescent Probes for Imaging Nitric Oxide in Live Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent turn-on probes for nitric oxide based on seminaphthofluorescein scaffolds were prepared and spectroscopically characterized. The Cu(II) complexes of these fluorescent probes react with NO under anaerobic ...

Pluth, Michael D.

462

Overview of LHD Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Experimental studies on the Large Helical Device during the last two years are reviewed. After the start of LHD experiment in 1998, the magnetic field has been gradually raised up to 2.89 T. The heating power has been increased, up to 4.2 MW for NBI, 1.3 MW for ICRF, and 0.9 MW for ECRH. Upgrading the key hardware systems has led to the extension of the plasma parameters to (i) higher Te [ Te(0) = 4.4 keV at = 5.3 x 1018 m-3 and Pabs = 1.8 MW ], (ii) higher confinement [ tE = 0.3 s, Te(0) = 1.1 keV at = 6.5 x 1019 m-3 and Pabs = 2.0 MW ] and (iii) higher stored energy Wp dia = 880 kJ. High performance plasmas have been realized in the inward shifted magnetic axis configuration (R=3.6m) where the helical symmetry is recovered and the particle orbit properties are improved by trade off of MHD stability properties due to the appearance of the magnetic hill. The energy confinement was systematically higher than that predicted by the International Stellerator Scaling 95 up to a factor of 1.6 and was comparable with ELMy H-mode confinement capability in tokamaks. This confinement improvement is attributed to the configuration control (the inward shift of magnetic axis) and to the formation of the high edge temperature. The achieved average beta value reached 2.4 % at B=1.3 T, the highest beta value ever obtained in helical devices, and so far no degradation of confinement by MHD phenomenon is observed. The inward shifted configuration has also led to successful ICRF minority ion heating. ICRF power up to 1.3 MW was reliably injected into the plasma without significant impurity contamination and a plasma with a stored energy of 200 kJ was sustained for 5 sec by ICRF alone. As another important result long pulse discharges of more than 1 minute were successfully achieved separately with NBI heating of 0.5 MW and with ICRF heating of 0.85 MM.

Fujiwara, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Kawahata, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Ohyabu, N. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Kaneko, O. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Komori, A. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Yamada, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Ashikawa, N. [Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Japan; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL; DeVries, P. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Emoto, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Ejiri, E. [University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Fisher, Paul W [ORNL; Funaba, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Goto, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Hartmann, D. [Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Garching, Germany; Ida, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Idei, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Iio, S. [Tokyo Institute of Technology; Ikeda, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Inagaki, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Inoue, N. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Isobe, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Kado, S, [University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Khlopenkov, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Kobuchi, T. [Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Japan; Krasilnikov, A. V. [Troitsk Institute of Nuclear Physics (TRINITI), Russia; Kubo, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Kumazawa, R. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Leuterer, F. [Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Garching, Germany; Liang, Y. [Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Japan; Lyon, James F [ORNL; Masuzaki, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Minami, T. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Miyajima, J. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Morisaki, T. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Morita, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Murakami, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Muto, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Mutoh, T. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Nagayama, Y. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Nakajima, N. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Nakamura, Y. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Nakanishi, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Narihara, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Nishimura, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Noda, N. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Notake, T. [Nagoya University, Japan; Ohdachi, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Oka, Y. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Okajima, S. [Chuba University, Japan; Okamoto, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Osakabe, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Ozaki, T. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Pavlichenko, R. O. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Peterson, B. J. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Sagara, A. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Saito, K. [Nagoya University, Japan; Sakakibara, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Sakamoto, R. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Sanuki, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Sasao, H. [Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Japan; Sasao, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; Sato, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Japan; et al.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Use of Synthetic DNA Probes for the Field Identification of Members of the Anopheles gambiae Complex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The series of cloned DNA probes were sequenced in order to define ... invariant within each species were used to prepare synthetic oligonucleotide probes to replace the cloned DNA probes (Table 2) (19,20...). The...

Susannah M. Hill; Julian M. Crampton

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Polymerase chain reaction and synthetic DNA probes: a means of distinguishing the causative agents of syphilis and yaws?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Polymerase chain reaction and synthetic DNA probes: a means of distinguishing...Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Synthetic DNA probes specific for either the...Polymerase chain reaction and synthetic DNA probes: a means of distinguishing...

G T Noordhoek; B Wieles; J J van der Sluis; J D van Embden

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Minisuperspaces: Observables and Quantization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A canonical transformation is performed on the phase space of a number of homogeneous cosmologies to simplify the form of the scalar (or, Hamiltonian) constraint. Using the new canonical coordinates, it is then easy to obtain explicit expressions of Dirac observables, i.e.\\ phase space functions which commute weakly with the constraint. This, in turn, enables us to carry out a general quantization program to completion. We are also able to address the issue of time through ``deparametrization'' and discuss physical questions such as the fate of initial singularities in the quantum theory. We find that they persist in the quantum theory {\\it inspite of the fact that the evolution is implemented by a 1-parameter family of unitary transformations}. Finally, certain of these models admit conditional symmetries which are explicit already prior to the canonical transformation. These can be used to pass to quantum theory following an independent avenue. The two quantum theories --based, respectively, on Dirac observables in the new canonical variables and conditional symmetries in the original ADM variables-- are compared and shown to be equivalent.

Abhay Ashtekar; Ranjeet S. Tate; Claes Uggla

1993-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

466

The Neutron EDM Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutron EDM experiment has played an important part over many decades in shaping and constraining numerous models of CP violation. This review article discusses some of the techniques used to calculate EDMs under various theoretical scenarios, and highlights some of the implications of EDM limits upon such models. A pedagogical introduction is given to the experimental techniques employed in the recently completed ILL experiment, including a brief discussion of the dominant systematic uncertainties. A new and much more sensitive version of the experiment, which is currently under development, is also outlined.

P. G. Harris

2007-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

467

Probing QCD with jets, photons and weak bosons at the LHC with ATLAS  

SciTech Connect

A summary of ATLAS measurements that probe 'hard' QCD interactions in the protonproton collisions of the LHC are presented.

Cooper, Ben [University College London, London (United Kingdom); Collaboration: ATLAS Collaboration

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

468

Development of natural and synthetic DNA probes for OXA-2 and TEM-1 beta-lactamases.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Article Development of natural and synthetic DNA probes for OXA-2 and TEM-1...polymorphism. Development of natural and synthetic DNA probes for OXA-2 and TEM-1...5 Development of Natural and Synthetic DNA Probes for OXA-2 and TEM-1...

M Boissinot; J Mercier; R C Levesque

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

BNL | Completed ATF Experiments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Completed / Terminated ATF Experiments Completed / Terminated ATF Experiments AE01 - Micro-undulator FEL Experiment. Spokesperson: I. Ben-Zvi, BNL. (1992 - 1997) AE02. - Inverse FEL Accelerator. Spokesperson: A. van Steenbergen, BNL. [Yale, Columbia]. (1992-1997) AE03 - Laser Grating Accelerator Experiment. Spokesperson: R. Fernow, BNL. [Princeton, LANL]. (1992- 1996) AE05 - Nonlinear-Compton Scattering. Spokesperson: K. McDonald, Princeton (1992-) AE06 - Inverse Cherenkov Acceleration. Spokesperson: W. Kimura, STI Optronics. [UCSB,BNL]. (1992-1997) AE08 - Far Infrared Radiation Source. Spokesperson J. Walsh, Dartmouth. [Oxford, BNL]. (1992 - 1994) AE09. - Photocathode R&D. Spokesperson: T. Rao, BNL. (1992 - ) AE10. - High Gain Harmonic Generation FEL. Spokesperson: L.H. Yu, BNL. [ANL] (1992 - 2001)

470

The Colorado FRC Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new experiment is under development for the study of turbulence, flow, and cross-field transport in a field-reversed configuration. The facility is a merged-spheromak device driven by magnetized coaxial plasma ...

T. Munsat; C. L. Ellison; A. Light; J. Nuger; W. Willcockson…

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Corporate Operating Experience Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The DOE Corporate Operating Experience Program helps to prevent the recurrence of significant adverse events/trends by sharing performance information, lessons learned and good practices across the DOE complex.

472

General relativity and experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The confrontation between Einstein's theory of gravitation and experiment is summarized. Although all current experimental data are compatible with general relativity, the importance of pursuing the quest for possible deviations from Einstein's theory is emphasized.

T. Damour

1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

473

Some Experiments in Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 January 1904 research-article Some Experiments in Magnetism T. C. Porter The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. www.jstor.org

1904-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Observations of Edge Turbulence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Edge Turbulence Edge Turbulence near the X-point of Alcator C-Mod APS-2007 (1) J.L. Terry, S.J. Zweben*, B. LaBombard, I. Cziegler, O. Grulke + , D.P. Stotler* MIT - Plasma Science and Fusion Center *Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory + MPI for Plasma Physics, EURATOM Assoc., Greifswald, Germany American Physical Society - Div. of Plasma Physics Orlando, FL Nov. 12 - Nov. 16, 2007 APS-2007 (2) Background and Motivation for "Xpt-region" View Strong edge turbulence has been observed in nearly all magnetic confinement devices. Desire predictive capability Most previous measurements made near outboard midplane where the turbulence has the following main features: - generation is ballooning-like (absent at inboard midplane, etc.) - filaments/blobs moves radially outward with some poloidal motion

475

Solar neutrino experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main results of solar neutrino experiments are presented, ranging from the pioneering Cl - Ar experiment up to the most recent Borexino data. Solar neutrino fluxes and spectra are given for two versions of the standard solar model, and radiochemical and electronic detectors are briefly described. The results of Be- and pep-neutrino detection by Borexino are presented. The LMA-MSW oscillation solution of the solar neutrino problem is considered.

A V Derbin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The MAJORANA Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MAJORANA collaboration is actively pursuing research and development aimed at a tonne-scale 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay) experiment. The current, primary focus is the construction of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR experiment, an R&D effort that will field approximately 40kg of germanium detectors with mixed enrichment levels. This article provides a status update on the construction of the DEMONSTRATOR.

The MAJORANA Collaboration

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

477

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print User Safety Overview The steps for authorization of your experiment are described below. The ALS Experiment Coordinators are available to support you through this process. Please This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it at any stage if you have questions or need more information. Prior to Your Arrival at the ALS 1. Complete or Update and Experiment Safety Sheet If you did not submit a General User Proposal, you must submit an ESS one month prior to arrival at the ALS. 2. Biological, Radioactive, Hazardous, and Electrical Materials, and Lasers If your experiment involves the use of any of the above materials-no matter how small the quantities are or how innocuous the sample may be-additional authorization may be required. Please submit your ESS early and clearly identify your materials. Our staff will assess the hazards and contact you about any necessary supplementary documentation.

478

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print User Safety Overview The steps for authorization of your experiment are described below. The ALS Experiment Coordinators are available to support you through this process. Please This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it at any stage if you have questions or need more information. Prior to Your Arrival at the ALS 1. Complete or Update and Experiment Safety Sheet If you did not submit a General User Proposal, you must submit an ESS one month prior to arrival at the ALS. 2. Biological, Radioactive, Hazardous, and Electrical Materials, and Lasers If your experiment involves the use of any of the above materials-no matter how small the quantities are or how innocuous the sample may be-additional authorization may be required. Please submit your ESS early and clearly identify your materials. Our staff will assess the hazards and contact you about any necessary supplementary documentation.

479

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print User Safety Overview The steps for authorization of your experiment are described below. The ALS Experiment Coordinators are available to support you through this process. Please This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it at any stage if you have questions or need more information. Prior to Your Arrival at the ALS 1. Complete or Update and Experiment Safety Sheet If you did not submit a General User Proposal, you must submit an ESS one month prior to arrival at the ALS. 2. Biological, Radioactive, Hazardous, and Electrical Materials, and Lasers If your experiment involves the use of any of the above materials-no matter how small the quantities are or how innocuous the sample may be-additional authorization may be required. Please submit your ESS early and clearly identify your materials. Our staff will assess the hazards and contact you about any necessary supplementary documentation.

480

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print User Safety Overview The steps for authorization of your experiment are described below. The ALS Experiment Coordinators are available to support you through this process. Please This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it at any stage if you have questions or need more information. Prior to Your Arrival at the ALS 1. Complete or Update and Experiment Safety Sheet If you did not submit a General User Proposal, you must submit an ESS one month prior to arrival at the ALS. 2. Biological, Radioactive, Hazardous, and Electrical Materials, and Lasers If your experiment involves the use of any of the above materials-no matter how small the quantities are or how innocuous the sample may be-additional authorization may be required. Please submit your ESS early and clearly identify your materials. Our staff will assess the hazards and contact you about any necessary supplementary documentation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "observation experiment probe" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.