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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Improving transparency: extracting, visualising and analysing corporate relationships from SEC 10-K documents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a system to extract, visualise and analyse inter-corporation relationships disclosed by public companies in their annual reports to the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). In improving the transparency of these disclosures, we allow policymakers, analysts, investors and the general public to analyse these relationships at both the firm level and the industry level. Using probabilistic information retrieval and extraction techniques, we automatically extract a dataset of 45,000 relationships between 26,000 companies from over 15 GB of SEC 10-K documents. These relationships range from ownerships, agreements and personal connections to competition and legal disagreements. Information visualisation and social network analytic techniques can then be applied to explore and analyse the dataset.

Michael Gebbie; Kim Norlen; Gabriel Lucas; John Chuang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysing partitive objects Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Systems Waseem Ahmed1 Summary: objects that constitute the system. For a single Code Analysis of Code Compile, estimate amd analyse... objects. Efficient partitioning in the...

3

TRANSPARENCY RECYCLING PROGRAM PROCEDURES  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

used overhead transparencies RECYCLE them for REUSE. It's Easy Follow these simple procedures: 1.) COLLECT used transparencies to be recycled. 2.) SEPARATE the transparencies...

4

TRANSPARENCY RECYCLING PROGRAM PROCEDURES  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TRANSPARENCY RECYCLING Don't throw out your used overhead transparencies! RECYCLE them for REUSE. It's Easy! Follow these simple procedures: 1.) COLLECT used transparencies to be recycled. 2.) SEPARATE the transparencies from ringed binders, plastic or paper folders, envelopes, and/or files. 3.) PLACE the transparencies (only) into an intra-laboratory mail envelope. 4.) SEND the envelope to: Terri Schneider, Building 201, 1D-10. Terri will prepare a

5

Flexible and Transparent Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. L. Wang. , “Robust Bi-Stable Memory Operation in Single-Graphene Ferroelectric Memory,” Appl. Phy. Lett. , 99 (4),Flexible and Transparent Memory” IEEE International Memory

KIM, SUNG MIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

A Dictionary for Transparency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are many terms that are used in association with the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) Transparency Project associated with the Mayak Fissile Materials Storage Facility. This is a collection of proposed definitions of these terms.

Kouzes, Richard T.

2001-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Zinc oxyfluoride transparent conductor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Transparent, electrically conductive and infrared-reflective films of zinc oxyfluoride are produced by chemical vapor deposition from vapor mixtures of zinc, oxygen and fluorine-containing compounds. The substitution of fluorine for some of the oxygen in zinc oxide results in dramatic increases in the electrical conductivity. For example, diethyl zinc, ethyl alcohol and hexafluoropropene vapors are reacted over a glass surface at 400.degree. C. to form a visibly transparent, electrically conductive, infrared reflective and ultraviolet absorptive film of zinc oxyfluoride. Such films are useful in liquid crystal display devices, solar cells, electrochromic absorbers and reflectors, energy-conserving heat mirrors, and antistatic coatings.

Gordon, Roy G. (Cambridge, MA)

1991-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

8

Scientists produce transparent, light-harvesting material  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transparent, light-harvesting material Scientists produce transparent, light-harvesting material The material could be used in development of transparent solar panels. November 3,...

9

This document contains the supplementary appendix and auxiliary analyses for the following paper: Alvarez, G. A., & Scholl, B. J. (in press). How does attention select and track spatially extended objects?: New effects of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document contains the supplementary appendix and auxiliary analyses for the following paper: Alvarez, G. A., & Scholl, B. J. (in press). How does attention select and track spatially extended objects probability and tracking accuracy across experiments, some of the cells for Experiments 2-4 were empty or had

Alvarez, George A.

10

Methods | Transparent Cost Database  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methods Methods Disclaimer The data gathered here are for informational purposes only. Inclusion of a report in the database does not represent approval of the estimates by DOE or NREL. Levelized cost calculations DO NOT represent real world market conditions. The calculation uses a single discount rate in order to compare technology costs only. About the Cost Database For emerging energy technologies, a variety of cost and performance numbers are cited in presentations and reports for present-day characteristics and potential improvements. Amid a variety of sources and methods for these data, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's technology development programs determine estimates for use in program planning. The Transparent Cost Database collects program cost and performance

11

Plasmonic graphene transparent conductors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmonic graphene is fabricated using thermally assisted self-assembly of silver nanoparticles on graphene. The localized surface-plasmonic effect is demonstrated with the resonance frequency shifting from 446 to 495 nm when the lateral dimension of the Ag nanoparticles increases from about 50 to 150 nm. Finite-difference time-domain simulations are employed to confirm the experimentally observed light-scattering enhancement in the solar spectrum in plasmonic graphene and the decrease of both the plasmonic resonance frequency and amplitude with increasing graphene thickness. In addition, plasmonic graphene shows much-improved electrical conductance by a factor of 2-4 as compared to the original graphene, making the plasmonic graphene a promising advanced transparent conductor with enhanced light scattering for thin-film optoelectronic devices.

Xu, G.; Liu, J.; Wang, Q.; Hui, R.; Chen, Z.; Maroni, V. A.; Wu, J. (Materials Science Division); (Univ. Kansas)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

CIS 677 LAB IV: Transparent Bridge To understand the transparent bridge concept.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CIS 677 LAB IV: Transparent Bridge 1 Goals To understand the transparent bridge concept. To implement a simpli ed transparent bridge algorithm. 2 Features of Transparent Bridges The three features of transparent bridges are: 1. The promiscuous listen and the store and forwarding capabilities. 2. Learning

Jain, Raj

13

Efficient Applications in User Transparent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7 Efficient Applications in User Transparent Parallel Image Processing "Thy will by my parallel image processing. First, in Chapter 2 we have discussed the need for the availability is a sustainable software library consisting of an extensive set of operations commonly applied in state

Seinstra, Frank J.

14

Transparent lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...computers). Typically, a battery is composed of electrode...nanotubes (5, 7), graphene (11), and organic...is not suitable for batteries, because, to our knowledge...production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes...rechargeable lithium batteries . Nature 414 : 359 – 367...

Yuan Yang; Sangmoo Jeong; Liangbing Hu; Hui Wu; Seok Woo Lee; Yi Cui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Transparent Cost Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transparent Cost Database Transparent Cost Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Transparent Cost Database Agency/Company /Organization: Department of Energy Partner: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar, Transportation Topics: Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Web Application Link: en.openei.org/apps/TCDB/ Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Featured Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/united-states-transparent-cost-databa Language: English The Transparent Cost Database collects program cost and performance

16

Transparency Homework: C. Scott Ananian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ici:pA:hkim ** c. nIci:pa:hkim b ? c * d. nici:pa:hkim f ? d c ? d e. nIcI:pA:hkIm *! a ? e f. nici:pA:hkim b ? fTransparency Homework: Menomini C. Scott Ananian March 5, 2001 Menomini summary: iterative regressive (right­to­left) assimilation of long high [­ATR] vowels ([I:] and [U:]) with following high [+ATR

Ananian, C. Scott

17

Optical precursors in transparent media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We theoretically study the linear propagation of a stepwise pulse through a dilute dispersive medium when the frequency of the optical carrier coincides with the center of a natural or electromagnetically induced transparency window of the medium (slow-light systems). We obtain fully analytical expressions of the entirety of the step response and show that, for parameters representative of real experiments, Sommerfeld-Brillouin precursors, main field and second precursors (“postcursors”) can be distinctly observed, all with amplitudes comparable to that of the incident step. This behavior strongly contrasts with that of the systems generally considered up to now.

Bruno Macke and Bernard Ségard

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

18

High temperature, optically transparent plastics from biomass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

temperature, optically transparent plastics from biomass At a Glance Rapid, selective catalytic system to produce vinyl plastics from renewable biomass Stereoregular...

19

Angular selective semi-transparent photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conventional semi-transparent photovoltaics suffer from an inherent tradeoff between the amount of visible light transmitted versus absorbed, reducing energy conversion efficiency when...

Roberts, Brian; Nanditha, D M; Dissanayake, M; Ku, P -C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Transparant ductility: Reinforcing a structural glass girder:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Transparency and light are hot items in building design and massive structural elements often form an unwelcome necessity for architects. The structural use of glass… (more)

Rademakers, M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Market Analyses  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Need information on the market potential for combined heat and power (CHP) in the U.S.? These assessments and analyses cover a wide range of markets including commercial and institutional buildings and facilities, district energy, and industrial sites. The market potential for CHP at federal sites and in selected states/regions is also examined.

22

Optically Transparent, Electrically Conductive Composite Medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...found below and above these two lower shale beds. Although it is possible that reworking...by the three shocked quartz-bearing shales, but there are at least 250 m of Norian...of the transparent composite medium. anisotropic. The transparency along the ver-tical...

S. JIN; T. H. TIEFEL; R. WOLFE; R. C. SHERWOOD; J. J. MOTTINE JR.

1992-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

Transparent lithium-ion batteries , Sangmoo Jeongb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and solar cells; however, transparent batteries, a key component in fully integrated transparent devices by a microfluidics-assisted method. The feature dimension in the electrode is below the resolution limit of human (11), and solar cells (12­14). However, the battery, a key component in portable electronics, has

Cui, Yi

24

Designing Transparency Systems for Medical Care Prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...back to a hospital could not be "reverse-engineered" to determine the prices charged by competing hospitals to any particular payer. Health care is not the only industry in which price transparency and MFN agreements have led to higher prices. In response to concerns that the highly concentrated suppliers... In the contentious political environment surrounding health care reform, calls for increased price transparency in health care are among the few areas of general agreement. But the wrong kind of transparency could actually harm patients, rather than help them.

Cutler D.; Dafny L.

2011-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

25

Scientists produce transparent, light-harvesting material  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transparent, light-harvesting material Transparent, light-harvesting material Scientists produce transparent, light-harvesting material The material could be used in development of transparent solar panels. November 3, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact James E. Rickman Communications Office (505) 665-9203

26

Beyond transparency : collective engagement in sustainable design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a timely answer to the question of sustainability, or how to provide for future generations, there needs to be shared accounting of our social and physical resources. Supply chain transparency makes it possible to map ...

Bonanni, Leonardo Amerigo, 1977-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

The erosion resistance of infrared transparent materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article The erosion resistance of infrared transparent materials E.J. Coad C.S...discussed. erosion resistance|infrared materials|liquid impact...Keywords: erosion resistance; infrared materials; liquid impact...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Subtask 5: Functional nanostructured transparent electrode materials...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5: Functional nanostructured transparent electrode materials All papers by year Subtask 1 Subtask 2 Subtask 3 Subtask 4 Subtask 5 Jeon, K.-W. and Seo, D.-K.(2014)Concomitant...

29

High Transparency of Classically Opaque Metallic Films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is demonstrated, both theoretically and experimentally, that a classically opaque metallic film can appear highly transparent when the conditions are established for the incident electromagnetic wave to excite coupled surface modes on both sides of the film.

R. Dragila; B. Luther-Davies; S. Vukovic

1985-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

30

Transparent conducting oxides and production thereof  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transparent conducting oxides and production thereof are disclosed. An exemplary method of producing a transparent conducting oxide (TCO) material may comprise: providing a TCO target doped with either a high-permittivity oxide or a low-permittivity oxide in a process chamber. The method may also comprise depositing a metal oxide on the target in the process chamber to form a thin film having enhanced optical properties without substantially decreasing electrical quality.

Gessert, Timothy A.; Yoshida, Yuki; Coutts, Timothy J.

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

31

Transparent conducting oxides and production thereof  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transparent conducting oxides and production thereof are disclosed. An exemplary method of producing a transparent conducting oxide (TCO) material may comprise: providing a TCO target (110) doped with either a high-permittivity oxide or a low-permittivity oxide in a process chamber (100). The method may also comprise depositing a metal oxide on the target (110) to form a thin film having enhanced optical properties without substantially decreasing electrical quality.

Gessert, Timothy A; Yoshida, Yuki; Coutts, Timothy J

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

32

Fabrication of transparent ceramics using nanoparticles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of fabrication of a transparent ceramic using nanoparticles synthesized via organic acid complexation-combustion includes providing metal salts, dissolving said metal salts to produce an aqueous salt solution, adding an organic chelating agent to produce a complexed-metal sol, heating said complexed-metal sol to produce a gel, drying said gel to produce a powder, combusting said powder to produce nano-particles, calcining said nano-particles to produce oxide nano-particles, forming said oxide nano-particles into a green body, and sintering said green body to produce the transparent ceramic.

Cherepy, Nerine J; Tillotson, Thomas M; Kuntz, Joshua D; Payne, Stephen A

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

33

A framework and methodology for nuclear fuel cycle transparency.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key objective to the global deployment of nuclear technology is maintaining transparency among nation-states and international communities. By providing an environment in which to exchange scientific and technological information regarding nuclear technology, the safe and legitimate use of nuclear material and technology can be assured. Many nations are considering closed or multiple-application nuclear fuel cycles and are subsequently developing advanced reactors in an effort to obtain some degree of energy self-sufficiency. Proliferation resistance features that prevent theft or diversion of nuclear material and reduce the likelihood of diversion from the civilian nuclear power fuel cycle are critical for a global nuclear future. IAEA Safeguards have been effective in minimizing opportunities for diversion; however, recent changes in the global political climate suggest implementation of additional technology and methods to ensure the prompt detection of proliferation. For a variety of reasons, nuclear facilities are becoming increasingly automated and will require minimum manual operation. This trend provides an opportunity to utilize the abundance of process information for monitoring proliferation risk, especially in future facilities. A framework that monitors process information continuously can lead to greater transparency of nuclear fuel cycle activities and can demonstrate the ability to resist proliferation associated with these activities. Additionally, a framework designed to monitor processes will ensure the legitimate use of nuclear material. This report describes recent efforts to develop a methodology capable of assessing proliferation risk in support of overall plant transparency. The framework may be tested at the candidate site located in Japan: the Fuel Handling Training Model designed for the Monju Fast Reactor at the International Cooperation and Development Training Center of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

McClellan, Yvonne; York, David L.; Inoue, Naoko (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Ibaraki, Japan); Love, Tracia L.; Rochau, Gary Eugene

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

E#cient Applications in User Transparent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7 E#cient Applications in User Transparent Parallel Image Processing # ''Thy will by my parallel image processing. First, in Chapter 2 we have discussed the need for the availability is a sustainable software library consisting of an extensive set of operations commonly applied in state

Seinstra, Frank J.

35

Nanostructured Transparent Conducting Oxides via Blockcopolymer Patterning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for transparent electrodes in optoelectronic devices. However, the high cost and scarcity of indium as well as di#0;culties of processing ITO has motivated a search for other materials that can potentially replace ITO as demand grows. Com- monly investigated...

Kim, Joung Youn Ellie

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

36

Systems and Industry Analyses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

systems and industry analyses News Gasifipedia Gasifier Optimization Feed Systems Syngas Processing Systems Analyses Gasification Plant Databases International Activity Program...

37

CNM Highlight: Quantum Dot-Induced Transparency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quantum Dot-Induced Transparency Quantum Dot-Induced Transparency Using rigorous and realistic numerical simulations, staff in the Nanophotonics and Theory and Modeling groups have recently demonstrated that a single semiconductor nanocrystal, or quantum dot, can cancel the scattering and absorption by a much larger metal nanostructure. Placing a quantum dot near a metal is known to strongly modify the rate at which the dot emits light. If the interaction between the dot and the metal is strong enough, scattering and absorption by the metal can be nearly eliminated at the quantum-dot resonance frequency, according to the simulations. This occurs even though the dot by itself simply absorbs light, and even though this absorption is nearly 100,000 times smaller than absorption by the metal nanostructure.

38

Theory of Dipole Induced Electromagnetic Transparency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed theory describing linear optics of vapors comprised of interacting multi-level quantum emitters is proposed. It is shown both by direct integration of Maxwell-Bloch equations and using a simple analytical model that at large densities narrow transparency windows appear in otherwise completely opaque spectra. The existence of such windows is attributed to overlapping resonances. This effect, first introduced for three-level systems in [R. Puthumpally-Joseph, M. Sukharev, O. Atabek and E. Charron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 163603 (2014)], is due to strongly enhanced dipole-dipole interactions at high emitters' densities. The presented theory extends this effect to the case of multilevel systems. The theory is applied to the D1 transitions of interacting Rb-85 atoms. It is shown that at high atomic densities, Rb-85 atoms can behave as three-level emitters exhibiting all the properties of dipole induced electromagnetic transparency. Applications including slow light and laser pulse shaping are also propose...

Puthumpally-Joseph, Raiju; Sukharev, Maxim; Charron, Eric

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

PT-Symmetric Optomechanically-Induced Transparency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optomechanically-induced transparency (OMIT) and the associated slow-light propagation provide the basis for storing photons in nanofabricated phononic devices. Here we study OMIT in parity-time (PT)-symmetric microresonators with a tunable gain-to-loss ratio. This system features a reversed, non-amplifying transparency: inverted-OMIT. When the gain-to-loss ratio is steered, the system exhibits a transition from the PT-symmetric phase to the broken-PT-symmetric phase. We show that by tuning the pump power at fixed gain-to-loss ratio or the gain-to-loss ratio at fixed pump power, one can switch from slow to fast light and vice versa. Moreover, the presence of PT-phase transition results in the reversal of the pump and gain dependence of transmission rates. These features provide new tools for controlling light propagation using optomechanical devices.

H. Jing; S. K. Özdemir; Z. Geng; J. Zhang; X. -Y. Lü; B. Peng; L. Yang; F. Nori

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

40

Transparent heat-spreader for optoelectronic applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optoelectronic cooling system is equally applicable to an LED collimator or a photovoltaic solar concentrator. A transparent fluid conveys heat from the optoelectronic chip to a hollow cover over the system aperture. The cooling system can keep a solar concentrator chip at the same temperature as found for a one-sun flat-plate solar cell. Natural convection or forced circulation can operate to convey heat from the chip to the cover.

Minano, Juan Carlos; Benitez, Pablo

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Promoting NEPA Transparency and Public Engagement | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Promoting NEPA Transparency and Public Engagement Promoting NEPA Transparency and Public Engagement Promoting NEPA Transparency and Public Engagement June 3, 2011 - 1:14pm Addthis "NEPA is, at its core, a transparency statute," said Katie Scharf, Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) Deputy General Counsel, in opening a panel discussion on using information technology to support open government initiatives, engage the public, and add value to NEPA analysis. At the March 9, 2011, event - hosted by CEQ for Federal NEPA and legal staff - speakers promoted the benefits of enhancing transparency and offered practical implementation advice. Ms. Scharf asked the speakers to address why transparency is essential to the NEPA process and describe innovative approaches and achievements. NEPA's value, especially with regard to EISs, is based on transparency,

42

UCSB researchers uncover fundamental limits on optical transparency...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

are used as transparent contacts in a wide range of optoelectronic devices, such as solar cells, light-emitting diodes, and LCD touch screens. These materials can conduct...

43

Electromagnetically induced transparency controlled by a microwave field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interferences in electromagnetically induced transparency. A simple theoretical model and a numerical simulation have been developed to explain the observed experimental results....

Li, Hebin; Sautenkov, Vladimir A.; Rostovtsev, Yuri V.; Welch, George R.; Hemmer, Philip R.; Scully, Marlan O.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Cation Defects and Conductivity in Transparent Oxides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High quality doped zinc oxide and mixed transition metal spinel oxide films have been deposited by means of sputter deposition from metal and metal oxide targets, and by spin casting from aqueous or alcoholic precursor solutions. Deposition conditions and post-deposition processing are found to alter cation oxidation states and their distributions in both oxide materials resulting in marked changes to both optical transmission and electrical response. For ZnO, partial reduction of the neat or doped material by hydrogen treatment of the heated film or by electrochemical processing renders the oxide n-type conducting. Continued reduction was found to diminish conductivity. In contrast, oxidation of the infrared transparent p-type spinel conductors typified by NiCo2O4 was found to increase conductivity. The disparate behavior of these two materials is caused in part by the sign of the charge carrier and by the existence of two different charge transport mechanisms that are identified as free carrier conduction and polaron hopping. While much work has been reported concerning structure/property relationships in the free carrier conducting oxides, there is a significantly smaller body of information on transparent polaron conductors. In this paper, we identify key parameters that promote conductivity in mixed metal spinel oxides and compare their behavior with that of the free carrier TCO’s.

Exarhos, Gregory J.; Windisch, Charles F.; Ferris, Kim F.; Owings, Robert R.

2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

45

Variable g value of transparent façade collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transparent solar thermal collectors (TSTC) represent a new development. An adequate model is needed to predict their performance. This paper presents a collector model with an advanced calculation of the transmission of diffuse radiation and a connection to the building which allows analysis of the collector gains and of the g value, also called “solar factor”, “solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC)” or “total solar energy transmittance”. The model is implemented as a TRNSYS Type and a coupled simulation between a collector and a room is presented for different façade constructions. Façade areas with glazing and venetian blinds are simulated with a second new TRNSYS Type which introduces high modelling accuracy for façades with solar control systems. An HVAC system is presented together with a first estimate of possible reductions of primary energy. It indicates primary energy savings of about 30% by replacing opaque walls with transparent collectors. The g values prove to depend not only on the irradiation, but also on the operation of the solar collectors and vary e.g. between 0.04 and 0.21. Detailed modelling of active façades like TSTC is therefore essential for accurate predictions of the collector gain, the heating and cooling loads and the thermal comfort.

Christoph Maurer; Tilmann E. Kuhn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Nanopatterned Metallic Films for Use As Transparent Conductive Electrodes in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanopatterned Metallic Films for Use As Transparent Conductive Electrodes in Optoelectronic Devices metallic films as transparent conductive electrodes in optoelectronic devices. We find that the physics electrodes are critical to the operation of optoelectronic devices. Effective elec- trodes need to combine

Fan, Shanhui

47

Modeling transparency and collaborativeness in distributed work groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transparency and collaborativeness are two essential features required for dependability. These two issues in social groups are not well studied. The present paper studies these two aspects in distributed work group environment such as Self Help Groups ... Keywords: SHG, collaboration, distributed work groups, self help group, transparency

A. B. Sagar

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Gravitational Lensing Characteristics of the Transparent Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transparent Sun is modeled as a spherically symmetric and centrally condensed gravitational lens using recent Standard Solar Model (SSM) data. The Sun's minimum focal length is computed to a refined accuracy of 23.5 +/- 0.1 AU, just beyond the orbit of Uranus. The Sun creates a single image of a distant point source visible to observers inside this minimum focal length and to observers sufficiently removed from the line connecting the source through the Sun's center. Regions of space are mapped where three images of a distant point source are created, along with their associated magnifications. Solar caustics, critical curves, and Einstein rings are computed and discussed. Extremely high gravitational lens magnifications exist for observers situated so that an angularly small, unlensed source appears near a three-image caustic. Types of radiations that might undergo significant solar lens magnifications as they can traverse the core of the Sun, including neutrinos and gravitational radiation, are discussed.

Bijunath Patla; Robert J. Nemiroff

2007-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

49

Systems and Industry Analyses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gasifipedia Gasifier Optimization Feed Systems Syngas Processing Systems Analyses Gasification Plant Databases International Activity Program Plan Project Portfolio Project...

50

A Nested Approach to REDD+: Structuring Effective and Transparent Incentive  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A Nested Approach to REDD+: Structuring Effective and Transparent Incentive A Nested Approach to REDD+: Structuring Effective and Transparent Incentive Mechanisms for REDD+ Implementation at Multiple Scales Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: A Nested Approach to REDD+: Structuring Effective and Transparent Incentive Mechanisms for REDD+ Implementation at Multiple Scales Agency/Company /Organization: Forest Carbon Portal Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.forestcarbonportal.com/resource/nested-approach-redd-structuring-e A Nested Approach to REDD+: Structuring Effective and Transparent Incentive Mechanisms for REDD+ Implementation at Multiple Scales Screenshot References: A Nested Approach to REDD+: Structuring Effective and Transparent Incentive Mechanisms for REDD+ Implementation at Multiple Scales[1]

51

Recent progress in transparent oxide semiconductors: Materials and device application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reviews our recent research progress on new transparent conductive oxide (TCO) materials and electronic and optoelectronic devices based on these materials. First, described are the materials including p-type materials, deep-UV transparent TCO(?-Ga2O3), epitaxially grown ITO with atomically flat surface, transparent electrochromic oxide (NbO2F), amorphous TCOs, and nanoporous semiconductor 12CaO · 7Al2O3. Second, presented are TCO-based electronic/optoelectronic devices realized to date, UV/blue LED and UV-sensors based on transparent pn junction and high performance transparent TFT using n-type TCO as an n-channel. Finally, unique optoelectronic properties (p-type degenerate conduction, transfer doping of carriers, RT-stable exciton, and large optical nonlinearity) originating from 2D-electronic nature in p-type layered oxychalcogenides are summarized along with the fabrication method of epitaxial thin films of these materials.

Hideo Hosono

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

E-Print Network 3.0 - al transparent conducting Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Consumer Summary: ISSN 1745-9648 Price Transparency and Consumer Naivety in a Competitive Market by Luke Garrod ESRC... , obfuscation, price transparency Acknowledgements: I am...

53

ORISE: Radiochemical analyses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiochemical analyses Radiochemical analyses ORISE techinican performs a radiochemical analysis To complement our environmental assessment and health physics capabilities, the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) maintains a radiochemistry laboratory that facilitates the analysis of environmental samples and unique matrices. ORISE performs radiochemical analyses exclusively for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), as well as provides support to the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and other federal agencies and state governments. Key laboratory capabilities include: Alpha spectroscopy Gamma spectroscopy Liquid scintillation spectroscopy Low-background gross alpha and beta assays Radiochemical analyses for alpha and beta emitters

54

Anatomy of an transparent optical circulator.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An optical circulator is a multi-port, nonreciprocal device that routes light from one specific port to another. Optical circulators have at least 3 or 4 ports, up to 6 port possible (JDS Uniphase, Huihong Fiber) Circulators do not disregard backward propagating light, but direct it to another port. Optical circulators are commonly found in bi-directional transmission systems, WDM networks, fiber amplifiers, and optical time domain reflectometers (OTDRs). 3-Port optical circulators are commonly used in PDV systems. 1550 nm laser light is launched into Port 1 and will exit out of Port 2 to the target. Doppler-shifted light off the moving surface is reflected back into Port 2 and exits out of Port 3. Surprisingly, a circulator requires a large number of parts to operate efficiently. Transparent circulators offer higher isolation than those of the reflective style using PBSs. A lower PMD is obtained using birefringent crystals rather than PBSs due to the similar path lengths between e and o rays. Many various circulator designs exist, but all achieve the same non-reciprocal results.

Podsednik, Jason W.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Improving the Transparency of IAEA Safeguards Reporting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008, the Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation (SAGSI) indicated that the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Safeguards Implementation Report (SIR) has not kept pace with the evolution of safeguards and provided the IAEA with a set of recommendations for improvement. The SIR is the primary mechanism for providing an overview of safeguards implementation in a given year and reporting on the annual safeguards findings and conclusions drawn by the Secretariat. As the IAEA transitions to State-level safeguards approaches, SIR reporting must adapt to reflect these evolutionary changes. This evolved report will better reflect the IAEA's transition to a more qualitative and information-driven approach, based upon State-as-a-whole considerations. This paper applies SAGSI's recommendations to the development of multiple models for an evolved SIR and finds that an SIR repurposed as a 'safeguards portal' could significantly enhance information delivery, clarity, and transparency. In addition, this paper finds that the 'portal concept' also appears to have value as a standardized information presentation and analysis platform for use by Country Officers, for continuity of knowledge purposes, and the IAEA Secretariat in the safeguards conclusion process. Accompanying this paper is a fully functional prototype of the 'portal' concept, built using commercial software and IAEA Annual Report data.

Toomey, Christopher; Hayman, Aaron M.; Wyse, Evan T.; Odlaug, Christopher S.

2011-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

56

The new geospatial tools: global transparency enhancing safeguards verification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the importance and potential role of the new, freely available, geospatial tools for enhancing IAEA safeguards and how, together with commercial satellite imagery, they can be used to promote 'all-source synergy'. As additional 'open sources', these new geospatial tools have heralded a new era of 'global transparency' and they can be used to substantially augment existing information-driven safeguards gathering techniques, procedures, and analyses in the remote detection of undeclared facilities, as well as support ongoing monitoring and verification of various treaty (e.g., NPT, FMCT) relevant activities and programs. As an illustration of how these new geospatial tools may be applied, an original exemplar case study provides how it is possible to derive value-added follow-up information on some recent public media reporting of a former clandestine underground plutonium production complex (now being converted to a 'Tourist Attraction' given the site's abandonment by China in the early 1980s). That open source media reporting, when combined with subsequent commentary found in various Internet-based Blogs and Wikis, led to independent verification of the reporting with additional ground truth via 'crowdsourcing' (tourist photos as found on 'social networking' venues like Google Earth's Panoramio layer and Twitter). Confirmation of the precise geospatial location of the site (along with a more complete facility characterization incorporating 3-D Modeling and visualization) was only made possible following the acquisition of higher resolution commercial satellite imagery that could be correlated with the reporting, ground photos, and an interior diagram, through original imagery analysis of the overhead imagery.

Pabian, Frank Vincent [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

57

The Transparent Cost Database (TCDB) | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Transparent Cost Database (TCDB) The Transparent Cost Database (TCDB) Home > Blogs > Graham7781's blog Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 2 August, 2012 - 13:30 advanced vehicles electric generation NREL OpenEI renewables tcdb This new web application collects cost and performance estimates and makes it available to everyone to perform analysis. Utilities, policy makers, consumers, and academics can all take advantage of the app that makes electric generation, advanced vehicles, and renewable fuel technologies' performance estimates transparent and open. The Obama Administration has been committed to making data open and transparent. As part, the DOE developed the TCDB through a grant from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The platform that hosts

58

Powerpedia - Using Technology to Increase Transparancy | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Using Technology to Increase Transparancy - Using Technology to Increase Transparancy Powerpedia - Using Technology to Increase Transparancy May 18, 2011 - 4:42pm Addthis The OCIO established a Department-wide wiki, Powerpedia, in early 2010 to help facilitate knowledge capture, collaboration, and increased efficiency. Leveraging many of the lessons learned from the intelligence community's Intellipedia effort, the Department implemented Powerpedia to increase the level of transparency and connect people and information together. Built on the same open source software underpinning Wikipedia, called MediaWiki, the Department is rapidly building a large corpus of information that is enabling the organization to "know what it knows". As of May 2011, Powerpedia has over 7,500 total pages and 45,000 page

59

Highly transparent and flexible triboelectric nanogenerators: performance improvements and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of mobile electronics and optoelectronic devices. Here, based on the first generation of the transparent and optoelectronic devices.1­4 A suitable energy source is a vital part for realizing fully self-pow- ered systems

Wang, Zhong L.

60

Results From a Transparent Open-Core Downdraft Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A transparent quartz reactor has allowed observations on the process of gasification of biomass within an open-core gasifier. This has enabled the individual stages in ... and quantitatively described. Results ac...

J. B. Milligan; G. D. Evans…

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Factors in multinational valuations: Transparency, political risk and diversification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the role of geographic diversification, transparency, and political risk, in the determination of the value of multinational corporations (MNCs). Using alternative measures for geographic diversification, this paper finds the evidence supporting the positive effect of the degree of multinationality on the firm value. The evidence also provides support for the theories that argue that political risk and transparency have negative impact on the MNC value.

NyoNyo A. Kyaw; John Manley; Anand Shetty

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

NEPA Success Stories: Celebrating 40 Years of Transparency and Open Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

NEPA Success Stories: Celebrating 40 Years of Transparency and Open Government, Environmental Law Institute, 2010.

63

Nuclear transparency in 90c.m. quasielastic A,,p,2p... reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear transparency in 90c.m. ° quasielastic A,,p,2p... reactions J. Aclander,7 J. Alster,7 G Synchrotron of BNL to measure the nuclear transparency of nuclei measured in the A p,2p quasielastic of the energy dependence of the nuclear transparency. In E850 the angular dependence of the nuclear transparency

Christensen, Nelson

64

Nanostructured Transparent Conductors Have Potential for Thin-Film Photovoltaics (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Possible alternatives to transparent conductors show promise for enabling new processes and reducing costs.

Not Available

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Novel transparent electrodes allow sustainable production of electronic devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel technique for fabricating inexpensive, transparent electrodes from common metals has been developed by engineers and scientists at Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory. They exhibit very high transparency and are very good electrical conductors. This is a combination of properties that is difficult to achieve with common materials. The most frequently used transparent electrode in today's high-technology devices (such as LCD screens) is indium tin oxide (ITO). While ITO performs well in these applications, the supply of indium is very limited. In addition, it is rapidly decreasing as consumer demand for flat-panel electronics is skyrocketing. According to a 2004 US Geological Survey report, as little as 14 years exploitation of known indium reserves remains. In addition to increasing prices, the dwindling supply of indium suggests its use is not sustainable for future generations of electronics enthusiasts. Solar cells represent another application where transparent electrodes are used. To make solar-energy collection economically feasible, all parts of solar photovoltaics must be made more efficient and cost-effective. Our novel transparent electrodes have the potential to do both. In addition, there is much interest in developing more efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly lighting. Incandescent light bulbs are very inefficient, because most of their energy consumption is wasted as heat. Fluorescent lighting is much more efficient but still uses mercury, an environmental toxin. An attractive alternative is offered by LEDs, which have very high efficiencies and long lifetimes, and do not contain mercury. If made bright enough, LED use for general lighting could provide a viable alternative. We have fabricated electrodes from more commonly available materials, using a technique that is cost effective and environmentally friendly. Most of today's electronic devices are made in specialized facilities equipped with low-particle-count clean-room facilities and multimillion-dollar equipment. On the other hand, the novel process we developed uses a method that makes use of polymer molds and standard deposition techniques in an ambient laboratory environment. The final structure consists of tall ribbons of metal (standing on edge) that are so thin that they do not block light but are very good conductors. The advantage of this design is that it avoids the competition between conductivity and transparency inherent in transparent oxide electrodes. By making the structure taller, conductivity can be increased without impacting transparency. We have measured both electrical conductivity and transparency for these structures. We performed two-wire electrical measurements to quantify the structures resistance using metal contacts deposited on each end. The total sample area was 4 x 4mm{sup 2}. We measured a resistance of structures with 40nm gold sidewalls of 7.3{Omega}, which is lower than that of ITO glass (which has a sheet resistance around 10O/square). We investigated the structures optical properties based on both specular- and total-transmission measurements. Specular transmission is measured by collecting the transmitted light at normal incidence, while total transmission is obtained by collecting transmitted light at normal incidence and diffracted light using an integrating sphere. Figure 3 shows the total transmission of a grating with 40nm gold or silver sidewalls on a glass substrate compared to that of ITO. Additionally, the transparency changes very little within 30{sup o} off normal incidence. This high visible-light transmission of our metal-patterned structures is very promising for their application as transparent electrodes, because most visible light was allowed to propagate through the patterned metallic/polymeric structures. Researchers in our group continue to refine the fabrication methods and are investigating methods to make large-scale structures for use in a variety of applications that require both transparency and high electrical conductivity. We are also applying these fab

Constant, Kristen

2010-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

66

Building Energy Transparency: A Framework for Implementing... Energy Rating  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transparency: A Framework for Implementing... Transparency: A Framework for Implementing... Energy Rating & Disclosure Policy Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

67

Microsoft PowerPoint - IPRC_Transparent_Phongikaroon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experimental Experimental Studies of Oxygen Sparging in Molten Salt Through a Transparent Furnace Experimental Studies of Oxygen Sparging in Molten Salt Through a Transparent Furnace Ryan W. Bezzant and Supathorn Phongikaroon Chemical Engineering Department and Nuclear Engineering Program University of Idaho, Idaho Falls Center for Advanced Energy Studies Michael F. Simpson Pyroprocessing Technology Department, Idaho National Laboratory Ryan W. Bezzant and Supathorn Phongikaroon Chemical Engineering Department and Nuclear Engineering Program University of Idaho, Idaho Falls Center for Advanced Energy Studies Michael F. Simpson Pyroprocessing Technology Department, Idaho National Laboratory Alternative Proposed Processes Chopped Fuel Uranium Metal Metal Waste Ceramic Waste Electrorefiner and Product Refinement Ion Exchange Zone Freezing High Purity Electrolyte High

68

Magnetically coupled electromagnetically induced transparency analogy of dielectric metamaterial  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this manuscript, we experimentally demonstrate magnetically coupled electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) analogy effect inside dielectric metamaterial. In contrast to previous studies employed different metallic topological microstructures to introduce dissipation loss change, barium strontium titanate, and calcium titanate (CaTiO{sub 3}) are chosen as the bright and dark EIT resonators, respectively, due to their different intrinsic dielectric loss. Under incident magnetic field excitation, dielectric metamaterial exhibits an EIT-type transparency window around 8.9?GHz, which is accompanied by abrupt change of transmission phase. Numerical calculations show good agreement with experiment spectra and reveal remarkably increased group index, indicating potential application in slow light.

Zhang, Fuli, E-mail: fuli.zhang@nwpu.edu.cn; He, Xuan [Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Department of Applied Physics, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072 (China); Zhao, Qian [State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Lan, Chuwen; Zhou, Ji [State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhang, Weihong, E-mail: zhangwh@nwpu.edu.cn; Qiu, Kepeng [School of Mechanical Engineering, P.O. Box 552, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072 (China)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

69

Electromagnetically Induced Transparency from a Single Atom in Free Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report an absorption spectroscopy experiment and the observation of electromagnetically induced transparency from a single trapped atom. We focus a weak and narrowband Gaussian light beam onto an optically cooled Barium ion using a high numerical aperture lens. Extinction of this beam is observed with measured values of up to 1.3 %. We demonstrate electromagnetically induced transparency of the ion by tuning a strong control beam over a two-photon resonance in a three-level lambda-type system. The probe beam extinction is inhibited by more than 75 % due to population trapping.

L. Slodicka; G. Hetet; S. Gerber; M. Hennrich; R. Blatt

2010-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

70

Federated Clusters Using the Transparent Remote Execution (TREx) Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Federated Clusters Using the Transparent Remote Execution (TREx) Environment Richert Wang1 University of California, Irvine 442 Computer Science Building Irvine, CA 92697-3435 rkwang@ics.uci.edu Enrique Cauich University of California, Irvine 442 Computer Science Building Irvine, CA 92697

Scherson, Isaac D.

71

Exploring the Design Space of LUT-based Transparent Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring the Design Space of LUT-based Transparent Accelerators Sami Yehia1 , Nathan Clark2.flautner}@arm.com {ntclark, mahlke}@umich.edu ABSTRACT Instruction set customization accelerates the performance of appli resources. With instruction set customization, specialized accelerators are added to a conventional

Mahlke, Scott A.

72

Avaki Data Grid Secure Transparent Access to Data Andrew Grimshaw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 of 27 Avaki Data Grid ­ Secure Transparent Access to Data Andrew Grimshaw Mike Herrick Anand and development by the Grid community we see Grids (then called Metasystems [3]) being deployed around the world both in academic settings, and more tellingly, in production commercial settings. What is a Grid? What

Grimshaw, Andrew

73

Integral energy performance characterization of semi-transparent photovoltaic elements for building integration under real operation conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a methodology for the integral energy performance characterization (thermal, daylighting and electrical behavior) of semi-transparent photovoltaic modules (STPV) under real operation conditions is presented. An outdoor testing facility to analyze simultaneously thermal, luminous and electrical performance of the devices has been designed, constructed and validated. The system, composed of three independent measurement subsystems, has been operated in Madrid with four prototypes of a-Si STPV modules, each one corresponding to a specific degree of transparency. The extensive experimental campaign, continued for a whole year rotating the modules under test, has validated the reliability of the testing facility under varying environmental conditions. The thermal analyses show that both the solar protection and insulating properties of the laminated prototypes are lower than those achieved by a reference glazing whose characteristics are in accordance with the Spanish Technical Building Code. Daylighting analysis shows that STPV elements have an important lighting energy saving potential that could be exploited through their integration with strategies focused to reduce illuminance values in sunny conditions. Finally, the electrical tests show that the degree of transparency is not the most determining factor that affects the conversion efficiency.

L. Olivieri; E. Caamaño-Martin; F .Olivieri; J. Neila

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Transparent and Conductive Carbon Nanotube Multilayer Thin Films Suitable as an Indium Tin Oxide Replacement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transparent electrodes made from metal oxides suffer from poor flexibility and durability. Highly transparent and electrically conductive thin films based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were assembled as a potential indium tin oxide (ITO) replacement...

Park, Yong Tae

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

75

BPA Strategic Objectives  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BPA Strategic Objectives Updated February 2012 OVERVIEW The purpose of this document is to describe BPA's long-term strategic objectives and their use. Definition Strategic...

76

The Effects of Price Transparency Regulation on Prices in the Healthcare Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effects of Price Transparency Regulation on Prices in the Healthcare Industry Hans B Policymakers have enacted price transparency regulations in over thirty states during the past decade-state variation to address endogeneity concerns, we find that price transparency regulations reduce the price

Mateo, Jill M.

77

Effect of geometric lattice design on optical/electrical properties of transparent silver grid for organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Silver (Ag) grid transparent electrode is one of the most promising transparent conducting electrodes (TCEs) to replace conventional indium tin oxide (ITO). We systematically...

Lim, Ju Won; Lee, Young Tack; Pandey, Rina; Yoo, Tae-Hee; Sang, Byoung-In; Ju, Byeong-Kwon; Hwang, Do Kyung; Choi, Won Kook

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Statement of Project Objectives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Statement of Project Objectives, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

79

EEG analyses with SOBI.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The motivating vision behind Sandia's MENTOR/PAL LDRD project has been that of systems which use real-time psychophysiological data to support and enhance human performance, both individually and of groups. Relevant and significant psychophysiological data being a necessary prerequisite to such systems, this LDRD has focused on identifying and refining such signals. The project has focused in particular on EEG (electroencephalogram) data as a promising candidate signal because it (potentially) provides a broad window on brain activity with relatively low cost and logistical constraints. We report here on two analyses performed on EEG data collected in this project using the SOBI (Second Order Blind Identification) algorithm to identify two independent sources of brain activity: one in the frontal lobe and one in the occipital. The first study looks at directional influences between the two components, while the second study looks at inferring gender based upon the frontal component.

Glickman, Matthew R.; Tang, Akaysha (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Joint DOE-PNC research on the use of transparency in support of nuclear nonproliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PNC and LANL collaborated in research on the concept of transparency in nuclear nonproliferation. The research was based on the Action Sheet No. 21, which was signed in February 1996, ``The Joint Research on Transparency in Nuclear Nonproliferation`` under the ``Agreement between the Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation of Japan (PNC) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) for Cooperation in Research and Development Concerning Nuclear Material Control and Accounting Measures for Safeguards and Nonproliferation``. The purpose of Action Sheet 21 is to provide a fundamental study on Transparency to clarify the means to improve worldwide acceptability for the nuclear energy from the nuclear nonproliferation point of view. This project consists of independent research and then joint discussion at workshops that address a series of topics and issues in transparency. The activities covered in Action Sheet 21 took place over a period of 18 months. Three workshops were held; the first and the third hosted by PNC in Tokyo, Japan and the second hosted by LANL in Los Alamos, New Mexico, US. The following is a summary of the three workshops. The first workshop addressed the policy environment of transparency. Each side presented its perspective on the following issues: (1) a definition of transparency, (2) reasons for transparency, (3) detailed goals of transparency and (4) obstacles to transparency. The topic of the second workshop was ``Development of Transparency Options.`` The activities accomplished were (1) identify type of facilities where transparency might be applied, (2) define criteria for applying transparency, and (3) delineate applicable transparency options. The goal of the third workshop, ``Technical Options for Transparency,`` was to (1) identify conceptual options for transparency system design; (2) identify instrumentation, measurement, data collection and data processing options; (3) identify data display options; and (4) identify technical options for reprocessing, enrichment, and MOX fuel fabrication facilities.

Mochiji, Toshiro; Keeney, R.; Tazaki, Makiko [Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corp. (Japan). Office of Nuclear Nonproliferation; Nakhleh, C.; Puckett, J.; Stanbro, W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Safeguards System Group

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Two-phase flow visualization in a transparent, atmospheric pressure, boiling water loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Simulant Boiling Flow Visualization (SBFV) loop, a transparent, atmospheric pressure test apparatus employing boiling water as a simulant for boiling liquid sodium, has been designed and operated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The objective of testing in this loop has been to study two-phase flow behavior that is phenomenologically similar to that observed in sodium boiling experiments, as part of the US Department of Energy Breeder Reactor Safety Program. A detailed description of the design of the SBFV loop is presented, as well as experimental results that show the similarity between low-power boiling behavior in water and liquid sodium. Future tests are planned in a seven-pin flow visualization bundle that will be installed in the SBFV loop. The design of this bundle is also discussed.

Levin, A.E.; Carbajo, J.J.; Montgomery, B.H.; Wantland, J.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing Practices on Residential Water Use Speaker(s): Sylvestre Gaudin Date: November 29, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: John Busch Jr. Economic Research shows overwhelmingly that residential consumers do not pay much attention to price changes when they make decisions about water use. This weak price sensitivity is often attributed to the intrinsic nature of water as a necessity. However, a large part of water use is the result of choices that could easily be altered without affecting basic welfare. Economic theory points to at least two other reasons why consumers would not be responsive to price changes for water use: the fact that water bills constitute a small portion of their budgets, and the fact that price

83

Compound transparent ceramics and methods of preparation thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

According to one embodiment, a method for forming a composite transparent ceramic preform includes forming a first suspension of oxide particles in a first solvent which includes a first dispersant but does not include a gelling agent, adding the first suspension to a first mold of a desired shape, and uniformly curing the first suspension in the first mold until stable. The method also includes forming a second suspension of oxide particles in a second solvent which includes a second dispersant but does not include a gelling agent, adding the second suspension to the stable first suspension in a second mold of a desired shape encompassing the first suspension and the second suspension, and uniformly curing the second suspension in the second mold until stable. Other methods for forming a composite transparent ceramic preform are also described according to several other embodiments. Structures are also disclosed.

Hollingsworth, Joel P.; Kuntz, Joshua D.; Soules, Thomas F.; Landingham, Richard L.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

84

Transparent runtime parallelization of the R scripting language  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Scripting languages such as R and Matlab are widely used in scientific data processing. As the data volume and the complexity of analysis tasks both grow, sequential data processing using these tools often becomes the bottleneck in scientific workflows. We describe pR, a runtime framework for automatic and transparent parallelization of the popular R language used in statistical computing. Recognizing scripting languages interpreted nature and data analysis codes use pattern, we propose several novel techniques: (1) applying parallelizing compiler technology to runtime, whole-program dependence analysis of scripting languages, (2) incremental code analysis assisted with evaluation results, and (3) runtime parallelization of file accesses. Our framework does not require any modification to either the source code or the underlying R implementation. Experimental results demonstrate that pR can exploit both task and data parallelism transparently and overall has better performance as well as scalability compared to an existing parallel R package that requires code modification.

Yoginath, Srikanth B [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Three Successful Tests of Color Transparency and Nuclear Filtering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the theoretical formalism for hard exclusive processes in a nuclear medium. Theory suggests that these processes will show the very interesting phenomena of color transparency and nuclear filtering. The survival probability in nuclear media has also been predicted to show a scaling behavior at large momentum and large nuclear number. We show that all of these effects may have already been seen experimentally.

Pankaj Jain; John P. Ralston

1993-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

86

Development of a nuclear fuel cycle transparency framework.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear fuel cycle transparency can be defined as a confidence building approach among political entities to ensure civilian nuclear facilities are not being used for the development of nuclear weapons. Transparency concepts facilitate the transfer of nuclear technology, as the current international political climate indicates a need for increased methods of assuring non-proliferation. This research develops a system which will augment current non-proliferation assessment activities undertaken by U.S. and international regulatory agencies. It will support the export of nuclear technologies, as well as the design and construction of Gen. IV energy systems. Additionally, the framework developed by this research will provide feedback to cooperating parties, thus ensuring full transparency of a nuclear fuel cycle. As fuel handling activities become increasingly automated, proliferation or diversion potential of nuclear material still needs to be assessed. However, with increased automation, there exists a vast amount of process data to be monitored. By designing a system that monitors process data continuously, and compares this data to declared process information and plant designs, a faster and more efficient assessment of proliferation risk can be made. Figure 1 provides an illustration of the transparency framework that has been developed. As shown in the figure, real-time process data is collected at the fuel cycle facility; a reactor, a fabrication plant, or a recycle facility, etc. Data is sent to the monitoring organization and is assessed for proliferation risk. Analysis and recommendations are made to cooperating parties, and feedback is provided to the facility. The analysis of proliferation risk is based on the following factors: (1) Material attractiveness: the quantification of factors relevant to the proliferation risk of a certain material (e.g., highly enriched Pu-239 is more attractive than that of lower enrichment) (2) The static (baseline) risk: the quantification of risk factors regarding the expected value of proliferation risk under normal (not proliferating) operations. (3) The dynamic (changing) risk: the quantification of risk factors regarding the observed value of proliferation risk, based on monitor signals from facility operations. This framework could be implemented at facilities which have been exported (for instance, to third world countries), or facilities located in sensitive countries. Sandia National Laboratories is currently working with the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) to implement a demonstration of nuclear fuel cycle transparency technology at the Fuel Handling Training Model designed for the Monju Fast Reactor at the International Cooperation and Development Training Center in Japan. This technology has broad applications, both in the U.S. and abroad. Following the demonstration, we expect to begin further testing of the technology at an Enrichment Facility, a Fast Reactor, and at a Recycle Facility.

Love, Tracia L.

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Rapid process for producing transparent, monolithic porous glass  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for making transparent porous glass monoliths from gels. The glass is produced much faster and in much larger sizes than present technology for making porous glass. The process reduces the cost of making large porous glass monoliths because: 1) the process does not require solvent exchange nor additives to the gel to increase the drying rates, 2) only moderate temperatures and pressures are used so relatively inexpensive equipment is needed, an 3) net-shape glass monoliths are possible using this process. The process depends on the use of temperature to control the partial pressure of the gel solvent in a closed vessel, resulting in controlled shrinking during drying.

Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA)

2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

88

Radio-transparent multi-layer insulation for radiowave receivers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the field of radiowave detection, enlarging the receiver aperture to enhance the amount of light detected is essential for greater scientific achievements. One challenge in using radio transmittable apertures is keeping the detectors cool. This is because transparency to thermal radiation above the radio frequency range increases the thermal load. In shielding from thermal radiation, a general strategy is to install thermal filters in the light path between aperture and detectors. However, there is difficulty in fabricating metal mesh filters of large diameters. It is also difficult to maintain large diameter absorptive-type filters in cold because of their limited thermal conductance. A technology that maintains cold conditions while allowing larger apertures has been long-awaited. We propose radio-transparent multi-layer insulation (RT-MLI) composed from a set of stacked insulating layers. The insulator is transparent to radio frequencies, but not transparent to infrared radiation. The basic idea for cooling is similar to conventional multi-layer insulation. It leads to a reduction in thermal radiation while maintaining a uniform surface temperature. The advantage of this technique over other filter types is that no thermal links are required. As insulator material, we used foamed polystyrene; its low index of refraction makes an anti-reflection coating unnecessary. We measured the basic performance of RT-MLI to confirm that thermal loads are lowered with more layers. We also confirmed that our RT-MLI has high transmittance to radiowaves, but blocks infrared radiation. For example, RT-MLI with 12 layers has a transmittance greater than 95% (lower than 1%) below 200 GHz (above 4 THz). We demonstrated its effects in a system with absorptive-type filters, where aperture diameters were 200 mm. Low temperatures were successfully maintained for the filters. We conclude that this technology significantly enhances the cooling of radiowave receivers, and is particularly suitable for large-aperture systems. This technology is expected to be applicable to various fields, including radio astronomy, geo-environmental assessment, and radar systems.

Choi, J. [Korea University, Anam-dong Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea University, Anam-dong Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Ishitsuka, H. [Department of Particle and Nuclear Physics, School of High Energy Accelerator Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Shonan Village, Hayama, Kanagawa 240-0193 (Japan)] [Department of Particle and Nuclear Physics, School of High Energy Accelerator Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Shonan Village, Hayama, Kanagawa 240-0193 (Japan); Mima, S. [Terahertz Sensing and Imaging Team, Terahertz-wave Research Group, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)] [Terahertz Sensing and Imaging Team, Terahertz-wave Research Group, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Oguri, S., E-mail: shugo@post.kek.jp [Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Takahashi, K. [Terahertz Sensing and Imaging Team, Terahertz-wave Research Group, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan) [Terahertz Sensing and Imaging Team, Terahertz-wave Research Group, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan); Tajima, O. [Department of Particle and Nuclear Physics, School of High Energy Accelerator Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Shonan Village, Hayama, Kanagawa 240-0193 (Japan) [Department of Particle and Nuclear Physics, School of High Energy Accelerator Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Shonan Village, Hayama, Kanagawa 240-0193 (Japan); Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Electromagnetically induced transparency in mechanical effects of light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the dynamical behavior of a nanomechanical mirror in a high-quality cavity under the action of a coupling laser and a probe laser. We demonstrate the existence of the analog of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in the output field at the probe frequency. Our calculations show explicitly the origin of EIT-like dips as well as the characteristic changes in dispersion from anomalous to normal in the range where EIT dips occur. Remarkably the pump-probe response for the optomechanical system shares all the features of the {Lambda} system as discovered by Harris and collaborators.

Agarwal, G. S.; Huang, Sumei [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Electromagnetically induced transparency with quantized fields in optocavity mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) using quantized fields in optomechanical systems. The weak probe field is a narrowband squeezed field. We present a homodyne detection of EIT in the output quantum field. We find that the EIT dip exists even though the photon number in the squeezed vacuum is at the single-photon level. The EIT with quantized fields can be seen even at temperatures on the order of 100 mK, thus paving the way for using optomechanical systems as memory elements.

Huang Sumei; Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Spectroscopy of strontium Rydberg states using electromagnetically induced transparency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the all-optical detection of Rydberg states in a effusive atomic beam of strontium atoms using electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). Using narrow-linewidth CW lasers we obtain an EIT linewidth of 5 MHz. To illustrate the high spectroscopic resolution offered by this method, we have measured isotope shifts of the 5s18d ^1D_2 and 5s19s ^1S_0 Rydberg states. This technique could be applied to high-resolution, non-destructive measurements of ultra-cold Rydberg gases and plasmas.

S. Mauger; J. Millen; M. P. A. Jones

2007-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

92

Object Management Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Object-Oriented Database Management Systems for EngineeringR. Cassel. Distribution Management Systems: Functions and8-PWR 1988. Network Management Systems 52 Subodh Bapat.

Gollu, Aleks Ohannes

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Energy Analyses | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Science & Innovation » Clean Coal » Crosscutting Research » Science & Innovation » Clean Coal » Crosscutting Research » Energy Analyses Energy Analyses The Office of Fossil Energy conducts energy analyses to assess the economics of advanced process concepts in support of near-zero emissions power plants. Environmental Activities. These analyses include the potential impact on health and climate change of particulates and linkages to fossil fuel use, barriers to and environmental impacts of large-scale deployment of carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technologies, and life cycle environmental emissions analysis for existing and advanced fossil fuel technologies. Technical and Economic Analyses. Analyses in this area crosscuts all Fossil Energy programs and supports multi-year program and strategic planning

94

Recent development of transparency and access to information at the federal level in Mexico.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Transparency and access to information have become important elements of the Mexican political transition. The goal of this study is to contribute to the debate… (more)

Arteaga Cano, Issac Armando.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Optical design of transparent metal grids for plasmonic absorption enhancement in ultrathin organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transparent metal grid combining with plasmonic absorption enhancement is a promising replacement to indium tin oxide thin films. We numerically demonstrate metal grids in one or two...

Kim, Inho; Lee, Taek Seong; Jeong, Doo Seok; Lee, Wook Seong; Kim, Won Mok; Lee, Kyeong-Seok

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Preparation of superhydrophobic and transparent micro-nano hybrid coatings from polymethylhydroxysiloxane and silica ormosil aerogels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superhydrophobic and transparent polymethylhydroxysiloxane (PMHOS)/silica ormosil aerogel hybrids were prepared successfully by mixing of PMHOS with various weight percentages of silica ormosil aerogels (as sy...

Saravanan Nagappan; Jin Joo Park; Sung Soo Park; Chang-Sik Ha

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced transparency framework Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the image into estimates of illumination, ... Source: Winawer, Jonathan - Department of Psychology, Stanford University Collection: Biology and Medicine 25 Mapping Transparency...

98

Discovery-based design of transparent conducting oxide films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The properties of TCO materials derive from the nature, number, and atomic arrangements of metal cations in crystalline or amorphous oxide structures, from the resident morphology, and from the presence of intrinsic or intentionally introduced defects. An enormous body of literature can be accessed from which empirical relationships between structure, composition, charge transport, and transparency have been developed. Previous reviews of this subject have indicated how such information may be used for engineering TCO properties; however, application of more rigorous science-based approaches to the design of materials with superior properties has only recently been tackled. This article summarizes current TCO research results, reviews processing approaches, presents a microscopic description of electronic conductivity in transparent metal oxide systems, and offers guidelines for the design and subsequent development of new materials. The review concludes with a glimpse of some recent work where impedance matching and quantum mechanical tunneling approaches would seem to provide future directions for improving transmissivity in these and similar conducting oxide systems.

Gregory J. Exarhos; Xiao-Dong Zhou

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Plasmonic Metamaterials and Nanocomposites with the Narrow Transparency Window Effect in Broad Extinction Spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasmonic Metamaterials and Nanocomposites with the Narrow Transparency Window Effect in Broad from 400 nm to 5 m but exhibit a narrow transparency window centered at a given wavelength. The main be designed as a solution, nanocomposite film or metastructure. The principle of the formation

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

100

Graphene growth on glass 1 Synthesis of conducting transparent few-layer graphene directly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene growth on glass 1 Synthesis of conducting transparent few-layer graphene directly on glass major hurdles that research has to overcome to get graphene out of research laboratories. Here, using transparent graphene layers at temperatures as low as 450 °C. Our few-layer graphene grows at the interface

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Transparent conductive grids via direct writing of silver nanoparticle inks Bok Yeop Ahn,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Using this approach, microscale features ($1 mm) in one-dimensional (1D) to three-dimensional (3D transparency and electrical conductivity.6 Recent efforts have focused on printing and other solution routes and co-workers have produced transparent conductive arrays by inkjet printing of dilute silver

Lewis, Jennifer

102

Erbium-doped transparent glass ceramic optical Characterization using mass spectroscopy and molecular dynamics modeling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Erbium-doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibres: Characterization using mass spectroscopy) doped silica-based optical fibres with transparent glass ceramic (TGC) core were fabricated through properties of the erbium ions embedded within the phospho-silicate DNP. These results permit to get more

Boyer, Edmond

103

A Metal That Becomes Transparent under Pressure | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Under Pressure, Atoms Make Unlikely Alloys Under Pressure, Atoms Make Unlikely Alloys Slowing Down Near the Glass Transition New Light on Improving Engine Efficiencies The Crystal Structure of a Meta-stable Intermediate Particle in Virus Assembly Increasing Magnetic Response of Ferromagnetic Semiconductors under High Pressure Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed A Metal That Becomes Transparent under Pressure APRIL 20, 2009 Bookmark and Share Sodium clamped in a metallic rhenium gasket between diamond anvils. The photographs were taken through a diamond anvil under combined transmitted and reflected illumination. Sodium, a white metal at pressures below 1.1 Mbar (1 Mbar = 1 million atm), turns black at 1.3 Mbar and becomes

104

Microscopic modulation of mechanical properties in transparent insect wings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the measurement of local friction and adhesion of transparent insect wings using an atomic force microscope cantilever down to nanometre length scales. We observe that the wing-surface is decorated with 10??m long and 2??m wide islands that have higher topographic height. The friction on the islands is two orders of magnitude higher than the back-ground while the adhesion on the islands is smaller. Furthermore, the high islands are decorated with ordered nano-wire-like structures while the background is full of randomly distributed granular nano-particles. Coherent optical diffraction through the wings produce a stable diffraction pattern revealing a quasi-periodic organization of the high islands over the entire wing. This suggests a long-range order in the modulation of friction and adhesion which is directly correlated with the topography. The measurements unravel novel functional design of complex wing surface and could find application in miniature biomimetic devices.

Arora, Ashima; Kumar, Pramod; Bhagavathi, Jithin; Singh, Kamal P., E-mail: kpsingh@iisermohali.ac.in; Sheet, Goutam, E-mail: goutam@iisermohali.ac.in [Department of Physical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali, Punjab 140306 (India)

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

105

Measurement of Dicke Narrowing in Electromagnetically Induced Transparency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dicke narrowing is a phenomena that dramatically reduces the Doppler width of spectral lines, due to frequent velocity-changing collisions. A similar phenomena occurs for electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) resonances, and facilitates ultra-narrow spectral features in room-temperature vapor. We directly measure the Dicke-like narrowing by studying EIT line-shapes as a function of the angle between the pump and the probe beams. The measurements are in good agreement with an analytic theory with no fit parameters. The results show that Dicke narrowing can increase substantially the tolerance of hot-vapor EIT to angular deviations. We demonstrate the importance of this effect for applications such as imaging and spatial solitons using a single-shot imaging experiment, and discuss the implications on the feasibility of storing images in atomic vapor.

M. Shuker; O. Firstenberg; R. Pugatch; A. Ben-Kish; A. Ron; N. Davidson

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

106

Angular dependence of Dicke-narrowed electromagnetically induced transparency resonances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dicke narrowing is a phenomenon that dramatically reduces the Doppler width of spectral lines, due to frequent velocity-changing collisions. A similar phenomenon occurs for electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) resonances, and facilitates ultranarrow spectral features in room-temperature vapor. We directly measure the Dicke-like narrowing by studying EIT line shapes as a function of the angle between the pump and probe beams. The measurements are in good agreement with an analytic theory with no fit parameters. The results show that Dicke narrowing can increase substantially the tolerance of hot-vapor EIT to angular deviations. We demonstrate the importance of this effect for applications such as imaging and spatial solitons using a single-shot imaging experiment, and discuss the implications for the feasibility of storing images in atomic vapor.

Shuker, M.; Firstenberg, O.; Ben-Kish, A.; Ron, A. [Department of Physics, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel); Pugatch, R.; Davidson, N. [Department of Physics of Complex Systems, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

Factorial design preparation of transparent conducting oxide thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transparent and conducting properties of Cd2SnO4 films deposited onto glass substrates by the dip coating technique have been obtained using a 24 factorial design. All films were well adhered onto their substrates, presented porous morphology and inverse spinel structure. Statistical factorial design analysis showed that only substrate withdrawal rate and precursor solution concentration had significant effects on average transmission of the films. Cumulative probability graphs of factorial design model coefficients showed that none of the factor levels have significant effects on resistivity. However the films presented significantly higher resistivities using low withdrawal rates and low concentration levels. This indicates resistivity is a more complex function of the factor variables than transmission. From the factorial design experiments and statistical analysis of their results a highest average transmission of 88% and lowest resistivity of 2.43 × 10? 4 ? m were found.

Célia M. Ronconi; Oswaldo L. Alves; Roy E. Bruns

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Semi-transparent solar energy thermal storage device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A visually transmitting solar energy absorbing thermal storage module includes a thermal storage liquid containment chamber defined by an interior solar absorber panel, an exterior transparent panel having a heat mirror surface substantially covering the exterior surface thereof and associated top, bottom and side walls. Evaporation of the thermal storage liquid is controlled by a low vapor pressure liquid layer that floats on and seals the top surface of the liquid. Porous filter plugs are placed in filler holes of the module. An algicide and a chelating compound are added to the liquid to control biological and chemical activity while retaining visual clarity. A plurality of modules may be supported in stacked relation by a support frame to form a thermal storage wall structure.

McClelland, John F. (Ames, IA)

1986-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

109

Semi-transparent solar energy thermal storage device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A visually transmitting solar energy absorbing thermal storage module includes a thermal storage liquid containment chamber defined by an interior solar absorber panel, an exterior transparent panel having a heat mirror surface substantially covering the exterior surface thereof and associated top, bottom and side walls, Evaporation of the thermal storage liquid is controlled by a low vapor pressure liquid layer that floats on and seals the top surface of the liquid. Porous filter plugs are placed in filler holes of the module. An algicide and a chelating compound are added to the liquid to control biological and chemical activity while retaining visual clarity. A plurality of modules may be supported in stacked relation by a support frame to form a thermal storage wall structure.

McClelland, John F. (Ames, IA)

1985-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

110

Transparency in nuclear arms: Toward a nuclear weapons register  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In his press conference to present a {open_quotes}10-point non-proliferation initiative{close_quotes} last December, German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel included a proposal calling for an international register for nuclear weapons, analogous to the UN Conventional Arms Register. When German diplomats explained the initiative to their allies in London, Paris and Washington, they were sharply rebuffed. Apparently the three nuclear-weapon states were strongly opposed to the idea and therefore discouraged Germany from pursuing it further in the Conference on Disarmament (CD) in Geneva, where the ad hoc group on transparency in armaments would be an appropriate forum for further discussion. Faced with these cold responses, German diplomats shelved the idea for the time being and concentrated on initiatives that promised better chances for agreement, such as the comprehensive test ban (CTB) treaty currently under discussion, a fissile material cutoff agreement and an international plutonium management regime.

Mueller, H. [Peace Research Institute, Frankfurt (Germany)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Smarter objects : programming physical objects with AR technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a system that associates a virtual object with each physical object. These objects are connected to support a flexible and easy means of modifying the interface and behavior of a physical object. It ...

Heun, Valentin Markus Josef

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Market Analyses | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Market Analyses Market Analyses Market Analyses November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis Need information on the market potential for combined heat and power (CHP) in the U.S.? These assessments and analyses cover a wide range of markets including commercial and institutional buildings and facilities, district energy, and industrial sites. The market potential for CHP at federal sites and in selected states/regions is also examined. Commercial CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants Part I, 17 pp and Part II, 28 pp, Nov. 2007 Cooling, Heating, and Power for Commercial Buildings: Benefits Analysis, 310 pp, April 2002 Engine Driven Combined Heat and Power: Arrow Linen Supply, 21 pp, Dec. 2008 Integrated Energy Systems for Buildings: A Market Assessment, 77 pp,

113

Do More Transparent Corporate Actions Following a Restatement Influence the SEC's Decision to Issue an Enforcement Action?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examines whether corporate transparency about a restatement influences the Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) decision to issue an enforcement action. I consider corporate transparency to be higher when firms initiate...

Files, Rebecca Lynn

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

114

Functional Objects Matthias Felleisen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. (1993) Favor immutability. (2001) Use value objects when possible. (2001) #12;The Problem � UFO � an anti-UFO battery � a bunch of shots #12;OO Analysis World of UFOs UFO AUP Shot Shot Shot * * * fire hit Events (Clock, Mouse, Keys) move #12;OO Design UFO World AUP Shot UFO Shot Shot * * * * Events #12;class

Strickland, Stevie

115

Dimension-sensitive optical responses of electromagnetically induced transparency vapor in a waveguide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three-level EIT (electromagnetically induced transparency) vapor is used to manipulate the transparency and absorption properties of the probe light in a waveguide. The most remarkable feature of the present scheme is such that the optical responses resulting from both electromagnetically induced transparency and large spontaneous emission enhancement are very sensitive to the frequency detunings of the probe light as well as to the small changes of the waveguide dimension. The potential applications of the dimension- and dispersion-sensitive EIT responses are discussed, and the sensitivity limits of some waveguide-based sensors, including electric absorption modulator, optical switch, wavelength sensor, and sensitive magnetometer, are analyzed.

Jian Qi Shen and Sailing He

2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

116

Magnetic Pair Creation Transparency in Gamma-Ray Pulsars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic pair creation $\\gamma \\to e^+e^-$ has been at the core of radio pulsar paradigms and central to polar cap models of gamma-ray pulsars for over three decades. The Fermi gamma-ray pulsar population now exceeds 140 sources and has defined an important part of Fermi's science legacy. Among the population characteristics well established is the common occurrence of exponential turnovers in their spectra in the 1--10 GeV range. These turnovers are too gradual to arise from magnetic pair creation in the strong magnetic fields of pulsar inner magnetospheres. By demanding insignificant photon attenuation precipitated by such single-photon pair creation, the energies of these turnovers for Fermi pulsars can be used to compute lower bounds for the typical altitude of GeV band emission. This paper explores such pair transparency constraints below the turnover energy, and updates earlier altitude bound determinations of that have been deployed in various Fermi pulsar papers. For low altitude emission locales, gen...

Story, Sarah A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Colour transparency: a novel test of QCD in nuclear interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colour transparency is a cute and indispensable property of QCD as the gauge theory of strong interaction. CT tests of QCD consist of production of the perturbative small-sized hadronic state and measuring the strngth of its non-perturbative diffraction nteraction in a nuclear matter. The energy depenednce of the final- state interaction in a nuclear matter probes a dynamical evolution from the perturbative small-sized state to the full-sized nonperturbative hadron. QCD observables of CT experiments correspond to a novel mechanism of scanning of hadronic wave functions from the large nonperturbative to the small perturbative size. In these lectures, which are addressed to experimentalists and theorists, I discuss the principle ideas of CT physics and the physics potential of the hadron and electron facilities in the > 10 GeV energy range. The special effort was made to present the material in the pedagigical and self-consistent way, with an emphasis on the underlying rich quantum-mechanical interference phenomena.

N. N. Nikolaev

1993-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

118

Encapsulating objects with confined types  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Object-oriented languages provide little support for encapsulating objects. Reference semantics allows objects to escape their defining scope. The pervasive aliasing that ensues remains a major source of software defects. This paper introduces Kacheck/J ...

Christian Grothoff; Jens Palsberg; Jan Vitek

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Transparent, near-infrared organic photovoltaic solar cells for window and energy-scavenging applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We fabricate near-infrared absorbing organic photovoltaics that are highly transparent to visible light. By optimizing near-infrared optical-interference, we demonstrate power efficiencies of 1.3±0.1% with simultaneous ...

Lunt, Richard R.

120

Synthesis and characterization of transparent silica-based aerogels using methyltrimethoxysilane precursor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Silica-based aerogels with high transparency and high bending strength were prepared using methyltrimethoxysilane and non-ionic surfactant under supercritical drying condition of CO2. Non-ionic surfactant, ethyle...

Masayuki Nogami; Shohei Hotta…

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

High figure-of-merit ultrathin metal transparent electrodes incorporating a conductive grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is known that ultrathin (<10 nm) metal films (UTMFs) can achieve high level of optical transparency at the expense of the electrical sheet resistance. In this letter, we propose a design, the incorporation of an ad hoc conductive grid, which can significantly reduce the sheet resistance of UTMF based transparent electrodes, leaving practically unchanged their transparency. The calculated highest figure-of-merit corresponds to a filling factor and a grid spacing-to-linewidth ratio of 0.025 and 39, respectively. To demonstrate the capability of the proposed method the sheet resistance of a continuous 2 nm Ni film (>950 OMEGA/square) is reduced to approx6.5 OMEGA/square when a 100 nm thick Cu grid is deposited on it. The transparency is instead maintained at values exceeding 75%. These results, which can be further improved by making thicker grids, already demonstrate the potential in applications, such as photovoltaic cells, optical detectors and displays.

Ghosh, D. S.; Chen, T. L. [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Barcelona, 08860 Catalunya (Spain); Pruneri, V. [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Barcelona, 08860 Catalunya (Spain); ICREA-Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, 08010 Barcelona (Spain)

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

122

Polymer material selection and testing of resistive wire arrangement for a transparent infant warming blanket  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ThermoCloud was designed as a portable, scalable, transparent electrical blanket to warm and insulate infants, while permitting hassle-free medical transportation and maximum visualization of a patient's thorax and ...

Salazar, Madeline

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Programmable window : a large-scale transparent electronic display using SPD film  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research demonstrates that Suspended Particle Device (SPD) film is a viable option for the development of large-scale transparent display systems. The thesis analyzes the SPD film from an architectural display application ...

Ramos, Martin (Ramos Rizo-Patron)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Patternable transparent carbon nanotube films for electrochromic devices Liangbing Hu and George Grunera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patternable transparent carbon nanotube films for electrochromic devices Liangbing Hu and George nanotube films on polyethylene terephthalate as flexible electrodes in electrochromic devices using. Electrochromic devices attract much interest due to their potential use in applications such as smart windows

Gruner, George

125

Factors Affecting Carbohydrate Production and the Formation of Transparent Exopolymer Particles (TEP) by Diatoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diatoms exude large amounts of exopolymers (EPS), which are predominantly composed of carbohydrates. EPS may coagulate into transparent exopolymer particles (TEP). Sticky TEP affects the formation of aggregates and marine snow, and consequently...

Chen, Jie

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

126

Heat power capacity of the internal source in light-transparent coatings of planar solar collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results are presented of numerical determination of the heat power capacity of the internal source in light-transparent coatings of planar solar collectors; the power results from partial absorption ... of th...

R. R. Avezov; N. R. Avezova; S. L. Lutpullaev; K. A. Samiev…

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effects of Icon Concreteness and Complexity on Semantic Transparency: Younger vs. Older Users  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The semantic transparency of icons in mobile devices was investigated using 48 icons for 12 mobile phone functions. Icons included original ones as well as icons specifically designed for experimental purposes. I...

Sabine Schröder; Martina Ziefle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Gain to Absorption Ratio of Self-Induced Transparency Modelocked Quantum Cascade Lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model to calculate the gain to absorption ratio of self-induced transparency modelocked quantum cascade lasers is presented and then used to find the gain to absorbing periods ratio...

Talukder, Muhammad; Menyuk, Curtis

129

Sanitizable signatures in XML signature: performance, mixing properties, and revisiting the property of transparency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the performance measures of our Java Cryptography Architecture (JCA) implementation that integrates sanitizable signature schemes into the XML Signature Specification. Our implementation shows mostly negligible performance impacts when using ... Keywords: XML signature framework, performance, sanitizable signatures, transparency

Henrich C. Pöhls; Kai Samelin; Joachim Posegga

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

GC Commits to Transparency on Nuclear Waste Fund Fee Adequacy Decisions |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GC Commits to Transparency on Nuclear Waste Fund Fee Adequacy GC Commits to Transparency on Nuclear Waste Fund Fee Adequacy Decisions GC Commits to Transparency on Nuclear Waste Fund Fee Adequacy Decisions February 26, 2010 - 3:17pm Addthis Consistent with the Administration's commitment to transparency, DOE General Counsel Scott Blake Harris has decided that all future determinations as to the adequacy of the Nuclear Waste Fund fee will be made available to the public on DOE's website shortly after DOE makes a determination. The report relied upon in determining fee adequacy for 2008, the most recent year for which DOE has made a determination, is available here: (2008 Fee Adequacy Letter Report). Addthis Related Articles DOE Completes Annual Determination of the Adequacy of the Nuclear Waste Fund Fee Department of Energy Files Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain License

131

PRECLOSURE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSES FOR LICENSE APPLICATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiological consequence analyses are performed for potential releases from normal operations in surface and subsurface facilities and from Category 1 and Category 2 event sequences during the preclosure period. Surface releases from normal repository operations are primarily from radionuclides released from opening a transportation cask during dry transfer operations of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in Dry Transfer Facility 1 (DTF 1), Dry Transfer Facility 2 (DTF 2), the Canister Handling facility (CHF), or the Fuel Handling Facility (FHF). Subsurface releases from normal repository operations are from resuspension of waste package surface contamination and neutron activation of ventilated air and silica dust from host rock in the emplacement drifts. The purpose of this calculation is to demonstrate that the preclosure performance objectives, specified in 10 CFR 63.111(a) and 10 CFR 63.111(b), have been met for the proposed design and operations in the geologic repository operations area. Preclosure performance objectives are discussed in Section 6.2.3 and are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

S. Tsai

2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

132

ORISE: Statistical Analyses of Worker Health  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Statistical Analyses Statistical analyses at the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) support ongoing programs involving medical surveillance of workers and other...

133

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Construction Management | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Construction Management FAQS Job Task Analyses - Construction Management FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task...

134

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Environmental Restoration | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmental Restoration FAQS Job Task Analyses - Environmental Restoration FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task...

135

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Facility Representative | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Facility Representative FAQS Job Task Analyses - Facility Representative FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task...

136

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Environmental Compliance | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmental Compliance FAQS Job Task Analyses - Environmental Compliance FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task...

137

Review: The Object Database Handbook  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Review: The Object Database Handbook Reviewed by Mike Jackson School...ac.uk The Object Database Handbook Douglas K Barry John Wiley...ac.uk The Object Database Handbook Douglas K Barry John Wiley...object-based approach, the book does not outline any circumstances......

Mike Jackson

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

UCSD Stroke Fellowship Goals and Objectives GOALS AND OBJECTIVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCSD Stroke Fellowship Goals and Objectives GOALS AND OBJECTIVES During the one-year training of clinical situation related to stroke. The overall objective for our Vascular Neurology fellowship training and prevention. 2. Management of critically-ill cerebrovascular patients, such as those with ischemic stroke

139

SIID Tangible CONTROLLED OBJECT CODES: CAPITALIZED OBJECT CODES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehicle 1811 - Motor Vehicle Other 1812 - Aircraft 1813 - Motor Vehicle (Natural Gas conversion -Passengers Cars 1814 - Motor Vehicles - Natural Gas Conversion-other 1820 - Boats 1841- Software > 100kSIID Tangible CONTROLLED OBJECT CODES: CAPITALIZED OBJECT CODES: Capital Objects Codes That Do

Hofmann, Hans A.

140

Support for Cost Analyses on  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 Hartwell Ave 5 Hartwell Ave Lexington, MA 02421 Support for Cost Analyses on Solar-Driven High Temperature Thermochemical Water-Splitting Cycles Final Report to: Department of Energy Order DE-DT0000951 Report prepared by TIAX LLC Reference D0535 February 22, 2011 Matt Kromer (Principal Investigator) Kurt Roth Rosalind Takata Paul Chin Copyright 2011, TIAX LLC Notice: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Nitrogen-doped graphene as transparent counter electrode for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? NG sheets are prepared through a hydrothermal reduction of graphite oxide. ? The transparent NG counter electrodes of DSCs are fabricated at room temperature. ? Transparent NG electrode exhibits excellent catalytic activity for the reduction of I{sub 3}{sup ?}. ? The DSC with NG electrode achieves a comparable efficiency to that of the Pt-based cell. ? The efficiency of rear illumination is about 85% that of front illumination. -- Abstract: Nitrogen-doped graphene sheets are prepared through a hydrothermal reduction of graphite oxide in the presence of ammonia and applied to fabricate the transparent counter electrode of dye-sensitized solar cells. The atomic percentage of nitrogen in doped graphene sample is about 2.5%, and the nitrogen bonds display pyridine and pyrrole-like configurations. Cyclic voltammetry studies demonstrate a much higher electrocatalytic activity toward I{sup ?}/I{sub 3}{sup ?} redox reaction for nitrogen-doped graphene, as compared with pristine graphene. The dye-sensitized solar cell with this transparent nitrogen-doped graphene counter electrode shows conversion efficiencies of 6.12% and 5.23% corresponding to front-side and rear-side illumination, respectively. Meanwhile, the cell with a Pt counter electrode shows a conversion efficiency of 6.97% under the same experimental condition. These promising results highlight the potential application of nitrogen-doped graphene in cost-effective, transparent dye-sensitized solar cells.

Wang, Guiqiang, E-mail: wgqiang123@163.com [School of Chemical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049 (China)] [School of Chemical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049 (China); Fang, Yanyan; Lin, Yuan [Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100080 (China)] [Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100080 (China); Xing, Wei; Zhuo, Shuping [School of Chemical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049 (China)] [School of Chemical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Baselining Studies and Analyses Brett Amidan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analyses Analyses Brett Amidan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory b.amidan@pnnl.gov 27 June 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program Project Objectives  Investigate power grid data (Eastern Interconnect State Estimator Data at this time), including phase angle differences between site pairs (both within an ISO and between ISOs), current, voltage, frequency, and possibly derived variables, like mode meter and oscillation.  Identify atypical events and characterize typical patterns.  Recommend upper and lower limits for "normal" operation. 2 Major Technical Accomplishments to be Completed this Year  Receive a new list of phase angle pairs from PJM and implement them into the process / analysis.  Run updated analyses including the new pairs, and other

143

NREL: Awards and Honors - PowerView Semi-Transparent Photovoltaic Module  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PowerView(tm) Semi-Transparent Photovoltaic Module PowerView(tm) Semi-Transparent Photovoltaic Module Developers: Harrin Ullal, Ken Zweibel, and Bolko von Roedern, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Robert S. Oswald and Frank Liu, BP Solar The PowerView(tm) module - a BP Solar commercial product - represents the coming of a new era in photovoltaics for buildings. Because it is semi-transparent, it can be used in lieu of architectural glass for many applications, particularly for those that call for sloped glazing, such as awnings, canopies, or slanted roofs. And because it is photovoltaics, the module uses sunlight to generate clean electricity to power a building's electrical needs. As testimony to the PowerView's utility BP Solar has already installed it on canopies of hundreds of its Connect stores -

144

Proposal for broader United States-Russian transparency of nuclear arms reductions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the January 1994 Summit Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin agreed on the goal of ensuring the ``transparency and irreversibility`` of the nuclear arms reduction process. As a result, negotiations are presently underway between the United States Government and the Russian Federation to confirm the stockpiles of plutonium and highly enriched uranium removed from nuclear weapons. In December 1994 the United States presented a paper to the Russian Federation proposing additional measures to provide broader transparency of nuclear arms reduction. The US Department of Energy is studying the implementation of these broader transparency measures at appropriate DOE facilities. The results of the studies include draft protocols for implementation, assessments of the implementation procedures and the impacts on the facilities and estimates of the cost to implement these measures at various facilities.

Percival, C.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ingle, T.H.; Bieniawski, A.J. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Energy Dependence of Nuclear Transparency in C(p,2p) Scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transparency of carbon for (p,2p) quasi-elastic events was measured at beam energies ranging from 6 to 14.5 GeV at 90 degrees c.m. The four momentum transfer squared q*q ranged from 4.8 to 16.9 (GeV/c)**2. We present the observed energy dependence of the ratio of the carbon to hydrogen cross sections. We also apply a model for the nuclear momentum distribution of carbon to normalize this transparency ratio. We find a sharp rise in transparency as the beam energy is increased to 9 GeV and a reduction to approximately the Glauber level at higher energies.

A. Leksanov; J. Alster; G. Asryan; Y. Averichev; D. Barton; V. Baturin; N. Bukhtoyarova; A. Carroll; S. Heppelmann; T. Kawabata; Y. Makdisi; E. Minina; I. Navon; A. Malki; H. Nicholson; A. Ogawa; Yu. Panebratsev; E. Piasetzky; A. Schetkovsky; S. Shimanskiy; A. Tang; J. W. Watson; H. Yoshida; D. Zhalov

2001-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

146

Computer Analyses of Rohrer's Coefficients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the field of respiratory physiology computers have been used for theoretical and automatic analyses of the test results. The purpose of this paper is to clarify whether computers are available in measurement of the nasal resistance. The nasal cavities, simulated by an acryl resin model, were ventilated at various volumes and speeds. The pressure and flow changes were recorded by a data recorder and analyzed by a minicomputer according to the prescribed situations. Rohrer's formula P = K 1 V ? + K 2 V ? 2 and its modification R = K 1 + K 2 V ? were used for calculation of K1 and K2. The calculated values differed significantly when sampling was made on a particular part of the respiratory excursion or sampling time was extraordinarily prolonged. They were also different from the ordinary values when too slow or too rapid ventilatory speed was applied. It was concluded that more than twenty samplings were necessary at regular intervals in a normal inspiratory or expiratory phase. Too slow and too rapid respiration should be avoided because of functional limitations of the measuring apparatus.

Tokuji Unno; Hiroshi Horikawa; Hiroshi Yazima; Masaru Shirato; Yoshikazu Yoshida

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Electromagnetically induced transparency from two-phonon processes in quadratically coupled membranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe how electromagnetically induced transparency can arise in quadratically coupled optomechanical systems. Due to quadratic coupling, the underlying optical process involves a two-phonon process in an optomechanical system, and this two-phonon process makes the mean displacement, which plays the role of atomic coherence in traditional electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), zero. We show how the fluctuation in displacement can play a role similar to atomic coherence and can lead to EIT-like effects in quadratically coupled optomechanical systems. We show how such effects can be studied using the existing optomechanical systems.

Huang, Sumei; Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Electrode with transparent series resistance for uniform switching of optical modulation devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Switching uniformity of an optical modulation device for controlling the propagation of electromagnetic radiation is improved by use of an electrode comprising an electrically resistive layer that is transparent to the radiation. The resistive layer is preferably an innerlayer of a wide-bandgap oxide sandwiched between layers of indium tin oxide or another transparent conductor, and may be of uniform thickness, or may be graded so as to provide further improvement in the switching uniformity. The electrode may be used with electrochromic and reversible electrochemical mirror (REM) smart window devices, as well as display devices based on various technologies.

Tench, D. Morgan (Camarillo, CA); Cunningham, Michael A. (Thousand Oaks, CA); Kobrin, Paul H. (Newbury Park, CA)

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

149

Impact of transparent electrode on photoresponse of ZnO-based phototransistor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ZnO-based photo-thin film transistors with enhanced photoresponse were developed using transparent conductive oxide contacts. Changing the electrode from opaque Mo to transparent In-Zn-O increases the photocurrent by five orders of magnitude. By changing the opacity of each source and drain electrode, we could observe how the photoresponse is affected. We deduce that the photocurrent generation mechanism is based on an energy band change due to the photon irradiation. More importantly, we reveal that the photocurrent is determined by the energy barrier of injected electrons at the interface between the source electrode and the active layer.

Lee, Seunghyup; Ahn, Seung-Eon, E-mail: seungeon.ahn@samsung.com; Jeon, Yongwoo; Ahn, Ji-Hoon; Song, Ihun; Kim, Jungwoo; Choi, Hyung; Chung, U-in; Park, Jaechul [Advanced Device Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Samsung Electronics Corporation, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)] [Advanced Device Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Samsung Electronics Corporation, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Sanghun [Department of Display and Semiconductor Physics and Department of Applied Physics, Korea University, 2511, Sejongro, Sejong, 339–700 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Display and Semiconductor Physics and Department of Applied Physics, Korea University, 2511, Sejongro, Sejong, 339–700 (Korea, Republic of); Yun, Dong-Jin [Analytical Science Group, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Samsung Electronics Corporation, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)] [Analytical Science Group, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Samsung Electronics Corporation, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

150

The Use of Large Transparent Ceramics in a High Powered, Diode Pumped Solid State Laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The advent of large transparent ceramics is one of the key enabling technological advances that have shown that the development of very high average power compact solid state lasers is achievable. Large ceramic neodymium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) amplifier slabs are used in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's (LLNL) Solid State Heat Capacity Laser (SSHCL), which has achieved world record average output powers in excess of 67 kilowatts. We will describe the attributes of using large transparent ceramics, our present system architecture and corresponding performance; as well as describe our near term future plans.

Yamamoto, R; Bhachu, B; Cutter, K; Fochs, S; Letts, S; Parks, C; Rotter, M; Soules, T

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

151

Disorder-induced transparency in a one-dimensional waveguide side coupled with optical cavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disorder influence on photon transmission behavior is theoretically studied in a one-dimensional waveguide side coupled with a series of optical cavities. For this sake, we propose a concept of disorder-induced transparency appearing on the low-transmission spectral background. Two kinds of disorders, namely, disorders of optical cavity eigenfrequencies and relative phases in the waveguide side coupled with optical cavities are considered to show the disorder-induced transparency. They both can induce the optical transmission peaks on the low-transmission backgrounds. The statistical mean value of the transmission also increases with increasing the disorders of the cavity eigenfrequencies and relative phases.

Zhang, Yongyou, E-mail: yyzhang@bit.edu.cn; Dong, Guangda; Zou, Bingsuo [Beijing Key Lab of Nanophotonics and Ultrafine Optoelectronic Systems and School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

152

Utilizing object-object and object-scene context when planning to find things  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, our goal is to search for a novel object, where we have a prior map of the environment and knowledge of some of the objects in it, but no information about the location of the specific novel object. We develop ...

Kollar, Thomas Fleming

153

Predicting the time course of individual objects with MEG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

objects (C1 matrix dimensions, 302 x 28608, C2 matrix dimensions 302 x 2000). Principal components analyses were then performed on each matrix (using the MATLAB function princomp). The number of components used in the final model was determined based...

Clarke, Alex; Devereux, Barry J.; Randall, Billi; Tyler, Lorraine K.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES 4 page 1 LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes 0F00 Foundation - Balance Forward 0F01 Foundation - Other Contributions 0F02 Foundation - State of Louisiana 0F03 Foundation - Corporate Contributions 0F04 Foundation - Corporate Match Contributions 0F05 Foundation - Individual

Harms, Kyle E.

155

Allowing Atomic Objects to Coexist with Sequentially Consistent Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) sequential consistency orders all write operations, while causal consistency does not require to order the operations on all the concurrent objects be totally ordered in such a way that each read operation obtains the last value written into the corresponding object. They differ in the meaning of the word "last

Roy, Matthieu

156

Promoting Transparency and Strengthening Public Trust in Government through Information Communication Technologies?: A Study of Ghana's E-Governance Initiative  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper attempts to examine Ghana's quest to use ICT as a tool to enhance transparency and build public trust in government. The questions the paper attempts to answer are: what are the main challenges confronting the government's e-governance initiative ... Keywords: ICT, Public Sector, Transparency, Trust, eGhana

Frank L. K. Ohemeng, Kwaku Ofosu-Adarkwa

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Objective-First Nanophotonic Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce an "objective-first" strategy for designing nanophotonic devices, and we demonstrate the design of nanophotonic coupler, cloak, and mimic devices.

Jesse Lu; Jelena Vuckovic

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

158

THE ONE-DIMENSIONAL SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS WITH TRANSPARENT BOUNDARY CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ONE-DIMENSIONAL SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS WITH TRANSPARENT BOUNDARY CONDITIONS MADALINA PETCU the question of the local in time well-posedness of the one-dimensional Shallow Water on an interval, these equations being supplemented with suitable boundary conditions. The flows considered are subcritical

Temam, Roger

159

Transparency portals versus open government data: an assessment of openness in Brazilian municipalities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since the launch of the Open Government Partnership, several countries have acceded to this multilateral agreement to develop and to implement ambitious reforms to make their governments more open. Brazil, as one of the eight founding countries, has ... Keywords: e-Government, internet portals, open data, transparency

Andreiwid Sheffer Corrêa; Pedro Luiz Pizzigatti Corrêa; Flávio Soares Corrêa da Silva

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Measurement of Nuclear Transparency for the Ae; e0 B. Clasie,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Universities Nuclear Laboratory, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA 3 Argonne National LaboratoryMeasurement of Nuclear Transparency for the Ae; e0 Reaction B. Clasie,1 X. Qian,2 J. Arrington,3 for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA 2 Triangle

Gent, Universiteit

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

An X-ray transparent microfluidic platform for screening of the phase behavior of lipidic mesophases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An X-ray transparent microfluidic platform for screening of the phase behavior of lipidic are significant obstacles in such studies. Here we report a microfluidic platform that facilitates investigations platform was comprised of thin polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) layers sandwiched between cyclic olefin

Kenis, Paul J. A.

162

Integration of Laser-Welded Ag Nanowire Transparent Conducting Layers on Photovoltaic Devices (DMR-0819860)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integration of Laser-Welded Ag Nanowire Transparent Conducting Layers on Photovoltaic Devices (DMR conducting layers in applications ranging from organic flexible electronics to rigid photovoltaics. However of a hybrid organic photovoltaic device [1]. The NWs are dispersed on the device and the network is welded

Petta, Jason

163

Highly transparent Nb-doped indium oxide electrodes for organic solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors investigated the characteristics of Nb-doped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} (INbO) films prepared by co-sputtering of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} and In{sub 2}O{sub 3} for use in transparent anodes for organic solar cells (OSCs). To optimize the Nb dopant composition in the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} matrix, the effect of the Nb doping power on the resistivity and transparency of the INbO films were examined. The electronic structure and microstructure of the INbO films were also investigated using synchrotron x-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction examinations in detail. At the optimized Nb co-sputtering power of 30?W, the INbO film exhibited a sheet resistance of 15??/sq, and an optical transmittance of 86.04% at 550?nm, which are highly acceptable for the use as transparent electrodes in the fabrication of OSCs. More importantly, the comparable power conversion efficiency (3.34%) of the OSC with an INbO anode with that (3.31%) of an OSC with a commercial ITO anode indicates that INbO films are promising as a transparent electrode for high performance OSCs.

Kim, Jun Ho; Seong, Tae-Yeon [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Na, Seok-In [Professional Graduate School of Flexible and Printable Electronics, Chonbuk National University, 664-14, Deokjin-dong, Jeongju-si, Jellabuk-do 561-756 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Kwun-Bum [Department of Physics, Dankook University, Mt. 29, Anseo-Dong, Chenan 330-714 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Hye-Min; Kim, Han-Ki, E-mail: imdlhkkim@khu.ac.kr [Department of Advanced Materials Engineering for Information and Electronics, Kyung Hee University, 1 Seocheon-dong, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

164

Magnetically Mediated Transparent Conductors: In2O3 Doped with Mo J. E. Medvedeva*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetically Mediated Transparent Conductors: In2O3 Doped with Mo J. E. Medvedeva* Department August 2006) First-principles band structure investigations of the electronic, optical, and magnetic properties of Mo- doped In2O3 reveal the vital role of magnetic interactions in determining both

Medvedeva, Julia E.

165

Highly ordered TiO2 macropore arrays as transparent photocatalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highly ordered transparent TiO2 macropore arrays were synthesized via a simple glass-clamping method at room temperature. The as-synthesized TiO2 macropore arrays show high transmittance in the visible light region and can be used ...

Yuan Dong; Junfeng Chao; Zhong Xie; Xin Xu; Zhuoran Wang; Di Chen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Silver nanowire transparent electrodes for liquid crystal-based smart windows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

privacy glass or as energy saving windows through the modulation of solar heat gain [1,3,4]. The operating sheet resistance, and low-cost. While the benefits of increased transparency and low-cost are obvious Polymer dispersed liquid crystal Smart window a b s t r a c t A significant manufacturing cost of polymer

Goldthorpe, Irene

167

Transparent Cockpit: Visual Assistance System for Vehicle Using Retro-reflective Projection Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transparent Cockpit: Visual Assistance System for Vehicle Using Retro-reflective Projection is displayed on the inner wall of the vehicle using a retro-reflective projection technology. In this system, such as the traffic sign detection system[l, 2], blind spot monitor[5, 11], night view system[13], and using a retro

Tachi, Susumu

168

Distributed XML Repositories: Top-down Design and Transparent Query Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed XML Repositories: Top-down Design and Transparent Query Processing Michael Gertz Jan over the Web. However, design and query processing models for distributed XML data have not yet been studied in detail. The goal of this paper is to study the design and management of distributed XML

Gertz, Michael

169

Transparent adaptation of single-user applications for multi-user real-time collaboration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single-user interactive computer applications are pervasive in our daily lives and work. Leveraging single-user applications for supporting multi-user collaboration has the potential to significantly increase the availability and improve the usability ... Keywords: Application sharing, CoPowerPoint, CoWord, computer-supported cooperative work, operational transformation, transparent adaptation

Chengzheng Sun; Steven Xia; David Sun; David Chen; Haifeng Shen; Wentong Cai

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Power broadening effects on Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in $^{20}$Ne vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report here the first observation of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in $^{20}$Ne. The power broadening of the EIT linewidth is measured as a function of neon pressure and RF excitation power. Doppler effects on the EIT broadening are found even at low pressures and low intensities, where the linewidth should be governed only by homogeneous effects.

Lubotzky, Boaz; Kong, Tao; Katz, Nadav; Ron, Guy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Power broadening effects on Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in $^{20}$Ne vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report here the first observation of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in $^{20}$Ne. The power broadening of the EIT linewidth is measured as a function of neon pressure and RF excitation power. Doppler effects on the EIT broadening are found even at low pressures and low intensities, where the linewidth should be governed only by homogeneous effects.

Boaz Lubotzky; David Shwa; Tao Kong; Nadav Katz; Guy Ron

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

172

Standardised and transparent model descriptions for agent-based models: Current status and prospects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agent-based models are helpful to investigate complex dynamics in coupled human-natural systems. However, model assessment, model comparison and replication are hampered to a large extent by a lack of transparency and comprehensibility in model descriptions. ... Keywords: Agent-based modelling, Domain specific languages, Graphical representations, Model communication, Model comparison, Model design, Model development, Model replication, Standardised protocols

Birgit Müller, Stefano Balbi, Carsten M. Buchmann, Luís De Sousa, Gunnar Dressler, Jürgen Groeneveld, Christian J. Klassert, Quang Bao Le, James D. A. Millington, Henning Nolzen, Dawn C. Parker, J. Gary Polhill, Maja Schlüter, Jule Schulze, Nina Schwarz, Zhanli Sun, Patrick Taillandier, Hanna Weise

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

TRANSPARENCY: Tracking Uranium under the U.S. / Russian HEU Purchase Agreement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By the end of August, 2005, the Russia Federation delivered to the United States (U.S.) more than 7,000 metric tons (MT) of low enriched uranium (LEU) containing approximately 46 million SWU and 75,000 MT of natural uranium. This uranium was blended down from weapons-grade (nominally enriched to 90% {sup 235}U) highly enriched uranium (HEU) under the 1993 HEU Purchase Agreement that provides for the blend down of 500 MT HEU into LEU for use as fuel in commercial nuclear reactors. The HEU Transparency Program, under the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), monitored the conversion and blending of the more than 250 MT HEU used to produce this LEU. The HEU represents more than half of the 500 MT HEU scheduled to be blended down through the year 2013 and is equivalent to the elimination of more than 10,000 nuclear devices. The HEU Transparency Program has made considerable progress in its mission to develop and implement transparency measures necessary to assure that Russian HEU extracted from dismantled Russian nuclear weapons is blended down into LEU for delivery to the United States. U.S. monitor observations include the inventory of in process containers, observation of plant operations, nondestructive assay measurements to determine {sup 235}U enrichment, as well as the examination of Material Control and Accountability (MC&A) documents. During 2005, HEU Transparency Program personnel will conduct 24 Special Monitoring Visits (SMVs) to four Russian uranium processing plants, in addition to staffing a Transparency Monitoring Office (TMO) at one Russian site.

Benton, J B; Decman, D J; Leich, D A

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

174

Application of Developed APCVD Transparent Conducting Oxides and Undercoat Technologies for Economical OLED Lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economics is a key factor for application of organic light emitting diodes (OLED) in general lighting relative to OLED flat panel displays that can handle high cost materials such as indium tin oxide (ITO) or Indium zinc oxide (IZO) as the transparent conducting oxide (TCO) on display glass. However, for OLED lighting to penetrate into general illumination, economics and sustainable materials are critical. The issues with ITO have been documented at the DOE SSL R&D and Manufacturing workshops for the last 5 years and the issue is being exacerbated by export controls from China (one of the major sources of elemental indium). Therefore, ITO is not sustainable because of the fluctuating costs and the United States (US) dependency on other nations such as China. Numerous alternatives to ITO/IZO are being evaluated such as Ag nanoparticles/nanowires, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and other metal oxides. Of these other metal oxides, doped zinc oxide has attracted a lot of attention over the last 10 years. The volume of zinc mined is a factor of 80,000 greater than indium and the US has significant volumes of zinc mined domestically, resulting in the ability for the US to be self-sufficient for this element that can be used in optoelectronic applications. The costs of elemental zinc is over 2 orders of magnitude less than indium, reflecting the relative abundance and availability of the elements. Arkema Inc. and an international primary glass manufacturing company, which is located in the United States, have developed doped zinc oxide technology for solar control windows. The genesis of this DOE SSL project was to determine if doped zinc oxide technology can be taken from the commodity based window market and translate the technology to OLED lighting. Thus, Arkema Inc. sought out experts, Philips Lighting, Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL) and National Renewable Research Laboratories (NREL), in OLED devices and brought them into the project. This project had a clear focus on economics and the work plan focused both on doped ZnO process and OLED device structure that would be consistent with the new TCO. The team successfully made 6 inch OLEDs with a serial construction. More process development is required to optimize commercial OLED structures. Feasibility was demonstrated on two different light extraction technologies: 1/4 lambda refractive index matching and high-low-high band pass filter. Process development was also completed on the key precursors for the TCO, which are ready for pilot-plant scale-up. Subsequently, Arkema has developed a cost of ownership model that is consistent with DOE SSL R&D Manufacturing targets as outlined in the DOE SSL R&D Manufacturing 2010 report. The overall outcome of this project was the demonstration that doped zinc oxide can be used for OLED devices without a drop-off in performance while gaining the economic and sustainable benefits of a more readily available TCO. The broad impact of this project, is the facilitation of OLED lighting market penetration into general illumination, resulting in significant energy savings, decreased greenhouse emissions, with no environmental impact issues such as mercury found in Fluorescent technology. The primary objective of this project was to develop a commercially viable process for 'Substrates' (Substrate/ undercoat/ TCO topcoat) to be used in production of OLED devices (lamps/luminaries/modules). This project focused on using Arkema's recently developed doped ZnO technology for the Fenestration industry and applying the technology to the OLED lighting industry. The secondary objective was the use of undercoat technology to improve light extraction from the OLED device. In optical fields and window applications, technology has been developed to mitigate reflection losses by selecting appropriate thicknesses and refractive indices of coatings applied either below or above the functional layer of interest. This technology has been proven and implemented in the fenestration industry for more than 15 years. Successful completion of

Martin Bluhm; James Coffey; Roman Korotkov; Craig Polsz; Alexandre Salemi; Robert Smith; Ryan Smith; Jeff Stricker; Chen Xu; Jasmine Shirazi; George Papakonstantopulous; Steve Carson; Claudia Goldman; Soren Hartmann; Frank Jessen; Bianca Krogmann; Christoph Rickers; Manfred Ruske; Holger Schwab; Dietrich Bertram

2011-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

175

Overview of DOE-Supported Infrastructure Analyses Webinar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Overview of DOE-Supported Overview of DOE-Supported Infrastructure Analyses Webinar U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Office July 24, 2013 2 | Fuel Cell Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Introduction and webinar objectives * Analyses and Models * Examples * Component-level Models * Market Penetration * Transition Scenarios * Financial Models * Impact of Policies * Regional Models * Model enhancements * Next steps Agenda 3 | Fuel Cell Technologies Office eere.energy.gov H 2 USA is being formed as a public/private partnership among DOE and other Federal Agencies, automakers, hydrogen and industrial gas suppliers, state governments, academic institutions, and additional stakeholders to promote the widespread adoption of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs).

176

Social networks for lonely objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Visions of ubiquitous computing describe a network of devices that quietly supports human goals, but this may also add complexity to an already frustrating relationship between humans and their electronic objects. As we ...

Kestner, John Anthony

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Detection of a concealed object  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are systems, methods, devices, and apparatus to determine if a clothed individual is carrying a suspicious, concealed object. This determination includes establishing data corresponding to an image of the individual through interrogation with electromagnetic radiation in the 200 MHz to 1 THz range. In one form, image data corresponding to intensity of reflected radiation and differential depth of the reflecting surface is received and processed to detect the suspicious, concealed object.

Keller, Paul E. (Richland, WA); Hall, Thomas E. (Kennewick, WA); McMakin, Douglas L. (Richland, WA)

2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

178

Representational Similarity Analysis Reveals Commonalities and Differences in the Semantic Processing of Words and Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), in addition to object- and word-specific semantic processing in ventral temporal cortex and more anterior MTG, respectively. To explore differences in representational content across regions and modalities, we developed novel data-driven analyses, based on k...

Devereux, Barry J.; Clarke, Alex; Marouchos, Andreas; Tyler, Lorraine K.

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

179

FAQS Job Task Analyses- DOE Aviation Manager  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

180

Functional Area Qualification Standard Job Task Analyses  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

FAQS Job Task Analyses- Weapons Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

182

FAQS Job Task Analyses- Radiation Protection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

183

FAQS Job Task Analyses- Deactivation and Decommissioning  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

184

FAQS Job Task Analyses- Nuclear Safety Specialist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

185

FAQS Job Task Analyses- Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

186

Program Objectives | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

National Laser Users' Facility Grant Program Program Objectives Program Objectives National Laser Users' Facility Grant Program Objectives The primary purpose of the National...

187

Program Objectives | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Stewardship Science Academic Alliances Program Program Objectives Program Objectives Stewardship Science Academic Alliances (SSAA) Program Objectives Support the U.S. scientific...

188

Transparent Symmetric Active/Active Replication for Service-Level High Availability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As service-oriented architectures become more important in parallel and distributed computing systems, individual service instance reliability as well as appropriate service redundancy becomes an essential necessity in order to increase overall system availability. This paper focuses on providing redundancy strategies using service-level replication techniques. Based on previous research using symmetric active/active replication, this paper proposes a transparent symmetric active/active replication approach that allows for more reuse of code between individual service-level replication implementations by using a virtual communication layer. Service- and client-side interceptors are utilized in order to provide total transparency. Clients and servers are unaware of the replication infrastructure as it provides all necessary mechanisms internally.

Engelmann, Christian [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL; Leangsuksun, Chokchai [Louisiana Tech University; He, X. [Tennessee Technological University

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Thickness measurement system for transparent plates using dual digital versatile disc (DVD) pickups  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A low-cost high-precision thickness measurement system for transparent plates that uses dual digital versatile disc (DVD) pickups is proposed. The two DVD pickups are used as the transmitter and the receiver in the measurement system, respectively. One of the DVD pickups emits a laser to the other DVD pickup (receiver) and projects on the photodiode integrated circuit of the receiver. The transparent plate is placed in the optical path to change the focused point that will affect the focusing error signal (FES) of the receiver. Using the FES, a mathematical model for thickness measurement based on the geometric optical method is developed. The experimental results show that the accuracy is 1.5 {mu}m, and the uncertainty is estimated to be {+-}1.37 {mu}m for the measured thickness of 150{mu}m.

Liu, Chien-Hung; Yeh, Shien-Chang; Huang, Hsueh-Liang

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Electromagnetically induced transparency with Laguerre-Gaussian modes in ultracold rubidium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate electromagnetically induced transparency with the control laser in a Laguerre-Gaussian mode. The transmission spectrum is studied in an ultracold gas for the D2 line in both $^{85}$Rb and $^{87}$Rb, where the decoherence due to diffusion of the atomic medium is negligible. We compare these results to a similar configuration, but with the control laser in the fundamental laser mode. We model the transmission of a probe laser under both configurations, and we find good agreement with the experiment. We conclude that the use of Laguerre-Gaussian modes in electromagnetically induced transparency results in narrower resonance linewidths as compared to uniform control laser intensity. The narrowing of the linewidth is caused by the spatial distribution of the Laguerre-Gaussian intensity profile.

Akin, T G; Marino, A M; Abraham, E R I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Transparent Slippery Surfaces Made with Sustainable Porous Cellulose Lauroyl Ester Films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(c) Transparency of various nanoporous CLE films (dotted lines) and corresponding slippery CLE films (solid lines). ... The critical magnetic field required to start the drop in motion was 0.06 T (measured at a 20 mm drop–magnet distance by a Teslameter, Projekt Elektronik GmbH, Berlin). ... (c) Magnetic glycerol drop (60 ?L) divided into two droplets by two magnets applied beside the drop. ...

Longquan Chen; Andreas Geissler; Elmar Bonaccurso; Kai Zhang

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

192

Electromagnetically Induced Transparency and Light Storage in an Atomic Mott Insulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally demonstrate electromagnetically induced transparency and light storage with ultracold 87Rb atoms in a Mott insulating state in a three dimensional optical lattice. We have observed light storage times of about 240 ms, to our knowledge the longest ever achieved in ultracold atomic samples. Using the differential light shift caused by a spatially inhomogeneous far detuned light field we imprint a "phase gradient" across the atomic sample, resulting in controlled angular redirection of the retrieved light pulse.

U. Schnorrberger; J. D. Thompson; S. Trotzky; R. Pugatch; N. Davidson; S. Kuhr; I. Bloch

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

An Original Route to Immobilize an Organic Biocide onto a Transparent Tin Dioxide Electrode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An Original Route to Immobilize an Organic Biocide onto a Transparent Tin Dioxide Electrode ... Chloramine is increasingly being considered as an alternative final disinfectant to chlorine in drinking water treatment even if it is generally not as potent as free chlorine against planktonic organisms. ... Moreover, the detection of chlorine by XPS (surface sensitive) and by EDX (bulk sensitive) indicates that the organic deposit is chlorinated throughout its thickness. ...

Catherine Debiemme-Chouvy; Sanae Haskouri; Guy Folcher; Hubert Cachet

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

194

Object technology: A white paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Object-Oriented Technology (OOT), although not a new paradigm, has recently been prominently featured in the trade press and even general business publications. Indeed, the promises of object technology are alluring: the ability to handle complex design and engineering information through the full manufacturing production life cycle or to manipulate multimedia information, and the ability to improve programmer productivity in creating and maintaining high quality software. Groups at a number of the DOE facilities have been exploring the use of object technology for engineering, business, and other applications. In this white paper, the technology is explored thoroughly and compared with previous means of developing software and storing databases of information. Several specific projects within the DOE Complex are described, and the state of the commercial marketplace is indicated.

Jordan, S.R.; Arrowood, L.F.; Cain, W.D.; Stephens, W.M.; Vickers, B.D.

1992-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

195

Photocatalytic remediation of indoor pollution by transparent TiO2 films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Transparent, mechanically robust TiO2 films obtained by an innovative electrochemically assisted procedure are presented as effective photocatalysts for environmental remediation and self-cleaning. The film morphology and optical properties were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and UV–vis spectroscopy. Mechanical tests (Wolff Wilborn hardness and adhesion tests) proved the high robustness of the layer. The film thickness could be modulated by varying the number of deposited layers (from 1 to 5) without altering the film transparency. A fast light-induced superhydrophilicity is observed even under solar irradiation. The photocatalytic remediation activity of the films was tested under UV and solar irradiation towards two different systems: the gas phase degradation of volatile organic compounds, \\{VOCs\\} (ethanol and acetaldehyde) and the degradation of dry stains of long chain organic molecules (siloxanes) adsorbed at the film surface to simulate the staining by fingerprints/oily liquids. The titania layers showed excellent photocatalytic activity in both tested systems under UV and simulated solar irradiation. The photocatalyst deactivation upon repeated degradation tests was observed to be very limited. The presented stable and transparent TiO2 layers represent promising materials for photocatalytic windows and coatings.

Alice Antonello; Guido Soliveri; Daniela Meroni; Giuseppe Cappelletti; Silvia Ardizzone

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Copper and Transparent-Conductor Reflectarray Elements on Thin-Film Solar Cell Panels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work addresses the integration of reflectarray antennas (RA) on thin film Solar Cell (SC) panels, as a mean to save real estate, weight, or cost in platforms such as satellites or transportable autonomous antenna systems. Our goal is to design a good RA unit cell in terms of phase response and bandwidth, while simultaneously achieving high optical transparency and low microwave loss, to preserve good SC and RA energy efficiencies, respectively. Since there is a trade-off between the optical transparency and microwave surface conductivity of a conductor, here both standard copper and transparent conductors are considered. The results obtained at the unit cell level demonstrates the feasibility of integrating RA on a thin-film SC, preserving for the first time good performance in terms of both SC and RA efficiency. For instance, measurement at X-band demonstrate families of cells providing a phase range larger than 270{\\deg} with average microwave loss of -2.45dB (resp. -0.25dB) and average optical transpa...

Dreyer, Philippe; Nicolay, Sylvain; Ballif, Christophe; Perruisseau-Carrier, Julien

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The nature of X-ray selected extremely red objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the effective areas of the individual...periods of good atmospheric transparency...and 450-mum atmospheric passbands. The...in azimuth. Atmospheric transparency...with the Very Large Array (VLA...s in 3.25-MHz channels, 28...optically-thin thermal plasma model with Galactic......

J. A. Stevens; M. J. Page; R. J. Ivison; Ian Smail; I. Lehmann; G. Hasinger; G. Szokoly

2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

198

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Security FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of:...

199

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Emergency Management | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emergency Management FAQS Job Task Analyses - Emergency Management FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses...

200

Supporting the President's Arms Control and Nonproliferation Agenda: Transparency and Verification for Nuclear Arms Reductions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The President's arms control and nonproliferation agenda is still evolving and the details of initiatives supporting it remain undefined. This means that DOE, NNSA, NA-20, NA-24 and the national laboratories can help define the agenda, and the policies and the initiatives to support it. This will require effective internal and interagency coordination. The arms control and nonproliferation agenda is broad and includes the path-breaking goal of creating conditions for the elimination of nuclear weapons. Responsibility for various elements of the agenda will be widely scattered across the interagency. Therefore an interagency mapping exercise should be performed to identify the key points of engagement within NNSA and other agencies for creating effective policy coordination mechanisms. These can include informal networks, working groups, coordinating committees, interagency task forces, etc. It will be important for NA-20 and NA-24 to get a seat at the table and a functional role in many of these coordinating bodies. The arms control and nonproliferation agenda comprises both mature and developing policy initiatives. The more mature elements such as CTBT ratification and a follow-on strategic nuclear arms treaty with Russia have defined milestones. However, recent press reports indicate that even the START follow-on strategic arms pact that is planned to be complete by the end of 2009 may take significantly longer and be more expansive in scope. The Russians called for proposals to count non-deployed as well as deployed warheads. Other elements of the agenda such as FMCT, future bilateral nuclear arms reductions following a START follow-on treaty, nuclear posture changes, preparations for an international nuclear security summit, strengthened international safeguards and multilateral verification are in much earlier stages of development. For this reason any survey of arms control capabilities within the USG should be structured to address potential needs across the near-term (1-4) years and longer-term (5-10) years planning horizons. Some final observations include acknowledging the enduring nature of several key objectives on the Obama Administration's arms control and nonproliferation agenda. The CTBT, FMCT, bilateral nuclear arms reductions and strengthening the NPT have been sought by successive U.S. Administrations for nearly thirty years. Efforts towards negotiated arms control, although de-emphasized by the G.W. Bush Administration, have remained a pillar of U.S. national security strategy for decades and are likely to be of enduring if not increasing importance for decades to come. Therefore revitalization and expansion of USG capabilities in this area can be a positive legacy no matter what near-term arms control goals are achieved over the next four years. This is why it is important to reconstruct integrated bureaucratic, legislative, budgetary and diplomatic strategies to sustain the arms control and nonproliferation agenda. In this endeavor some past lessons must be taken to heart to avoid bureaucratic overkill and keep interagency policy-making and implementation structures lean and effective. On the Technical side a serious, sustained multilateral program to develop, down select and performance test nuclear weapons dismantlement verification technologies and procedures should be immediately initiated. In order to make this happen the United States and Russia should join with the UK and other interested states in creating a sustained, full-scale research and development program for verification at their respective nuc1ear weapons and defense establishments. The goals include development of effective technologies and procedures for: (1) Attribute measurement systems to certify nuclear warheads and military fissile materials; (2) Chain-of-custody methods to track items after they are authenticated and enter accountability; (3) Transportation monitoring; (4) Storage monitoring; (5) Fissile materials conversion verification. The remainder of this paper focuses on transparency and verification for nuclear arms a

Doyle, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Meek, Elizabeth [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

In0,53Ga0.47Asp-i-n photodiodes with transparent cadmium tin oxide contacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In0,53Ga0.47Asp-i-n photodiodes with transparent cadmium tin oxide contacts Paul R. Berger,a) Niloy for publication 28 July 1992) A new type of p-i-n In,,,,GaO,,,As photodiode having an optically transparent into the i-region is not relevant avoiding an increased dark current. The photodiodes exhibited leakage

202

Name Management and Object Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to improve practical application of name manage­ ment approaches in various computing domains. One domainName Management and Object Technology for Advanced Software Alan Kaplan Jack C. Wileden {kaplan,wileden}@cs.umass.edu CMPSCI Technical Report 93--83 November 1993 Software Development Laboratory Computer Science Department

Siegelmann , Hava T

203

REUSABLE LEARNING OBJECTS (RLOs) INSTRUCTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Water Science Department, University of Florida, 2181 McCarty Hall, PO Box 110290, Gainesville, FL: An Reusable Learning Object (RLO) is a small digital learning unit that can be reused, scaled, and shared be selected from the following disciplines: Environmental sciences (including soil, water, climate, policy

Ma, Lena

204

Neural Representations for Object Perception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Charles E. Connor2 1 School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT will depend on more effective sampling of the object domain and direct comparison of these competing that visual motion is represented by populations of neurons tuned for direction and speed in areas MT (middle

Kourtzi, Zoe

205

Quantitative Elemental Analyses by Plasma Emission Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Elemental Analyses by Plasma Emission Spectroscopy...Argon-supported inductively coupled plasmas operated at atmospheric pressures are excellent...HIGH-FREQUENCY ARGON PLASMA FOR OPTICAL EMISSION...EXPERIMENTAL-STUDY OF A 1-KW, 50-MHZ RF INDUCTIVELY COUPLED...

Velmer A. Fassel

1978-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

206

Quantitative Elemental Analyses by Plasma Emission Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Elemental Analyses by Plasma Emission Spectroscopy...inductively coupled plasmas operated at atmospheric...INDUCTIVELY-COUPLED HIGH-FREQUENCY ARGON PLASMA FOR OPTICAL EMISSION...1-KW, 50-MHZ RF INDUCTIVELY COUPLED...STUDIES OF A RADIO-FREQUENCY INDUCTIVELY COUPLED...

Velmer A. Fassel

1978-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

207

Integrated genomic analyses of ovarian carcinoma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A catalogue of molecular aberrations that cause ovarian cancer is critical for developing and deploying therapies that will improve patients’ lives. The Cancer Genome Atlas project has analysed messenger RNA expression, ...

Lander, Eric S.

208

Dam choices: Analyses for multiple needs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and biodiversity, whereas developers worry about energy and capital for growth. The problem is that unnecessary costs are inflicted...when decision makers consider other energy sources such as natural gas or renewables. These analyses would recognize that fisheries...

Peter M. Kareiva

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

NETL: Gasification Systems and Industry Analyses Studies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analyses Studies Analyses Studies Gasification Systems Reference Shelf – Systems and Industry Analyses Studies Table of Contents Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants Studies Gasification Systems Program's Systems and Industry Analyses Studies DOE/NETL possesses strong systems analysis and policy-support capabilities. Systems analysis in support of the Gasification Systems Program consists of conducting various energy analyses that provide input to decisions on issues such as national plans and programs, resource use, environmental and energy security policies, technology options for research and development programs, and paths to deployment of energy technology. Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants Studies The Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants studies establish up-to-date estimates for the cost and performance of combustion and gasification based power plants as well as options for co-generating synthetic natural gas and fuels, all with and without carbon dioxide capture and storage. Several ranks of coal are being assessed in process configurations that are based on technology that could be constructed today such that the plant could be operational in the 2010 - 2015 timeframe. The analyses were performed on a consistent technical and economic basis that accurately reflects current market conditions.

210

Color transparency and the structure of the proton in quantum chromodynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many anomalies suggest that the proton itself is a much more complex object than suggested by simple non-relativistic quark models. Recent analyses of the proton distribution amplitude using QCD sum rules points to highly-nontrivial proton structure. Solutions to QCD in one-space and one-time dimension suggest that the momentum distributions of non-valence quarks in the hadrons have a non-trivial oscillatory structure. The data seems also to be suggesting that the intrinsic'' bound state structure of the proton has a non-negligible strange and charm quark content, in addition to the extrinsic'' sources of heavy quarks created in the collision itself. As we shall see in this lecture, the apparent discrepancies with experiment are not so much a failure of QCD, but rather symptoms of the complexity and richness of the theory. An important tool for analyzing this complexity is the light-cone Fock state representation of hadron wavefunctions, which provides a consistent but convenient framework for encoding the features of relativistic many-body systems in quantum field theory. 121 refs., 44 figs., 1 tab.

Brodsky, S.J.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Supplement Analyses (SA) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Services » NEPA Documents » Supplement Analyses (SA) Services » NEPA Documents » Supplement Analyses (SA) Supplement Analyses (SA) A document that DOE prepares in accordance with DOE NEPA regulations (10 CFR 1021.314(c)) to determine whether a supplemental or new EIS should be prepared pursuant to CEQ NEPA regulations (40 CFR 1502.9(c). If you have any trouble finding a specific document, please contact AskNEPA@hq.doe.gov for assistance. Documents Available for Download October 10, 2013 EA-1812: Final Supplement Analysis Haxtun Wind Energy Project, Logan and Phillips Counties, CO September 10, 2013 EIS-0310-SA-02: Supplement Analysis Nuclear Infrastructure Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Supplement Analysis Determination for Plutonium-238 Production for Radioisotope Power Systems June 14, 2013 EA-1562-SA-1: Supplement Analysis

212

A Job Pause Service under LAM/MPI+BLCR for Transparent Fault Tolerance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Checkpoint/restart (C/R) has become a requirement for long-running jobs in large-scale clusters due to a meantime- to-failure (MTTF) in the order of hours. After a failure, C/R mechanisms generally require a complete restart of an MPI job from the last checkpoint. A complete restart, however, is unnecessary since all but one node are typically still alive. Furthermore, a restart may result in lengthy job requeuing even though the original job had not exceeded its time quantum. In this paper, we overcome these shortcomings. Instead of job restart, we have developed a transparent mechanism for job pause within LAM/MPI+BLCR. This mechanism allows live nodes to remain active and roll back to the last checkpoint while failed nodes are dynamically replaced by spares before resuming from the last checkpoint. Our methodology includes LAM/MPI enhancements in support of scalable group communicationwith fluctuating number of nodes, reuse of network connections, transparent coordinated checkpoint scheduling and a BLCR enhancement for job pause. Experiments in a cluster with the NAS Parallel Benchmark suite show that our overhead for job pause is comparable to that of a complete job restart. A minimal overhead of 5.6% is only incurred in case migration takes place while the regular checkpoint overhead remains unchanged. Yet, our approach alleviates the need to reboot the LAM run-time environment, which accounts for considerable overhead resulting in net savings of our scheme in the experiments. Our solution further provides full transparency and automation with the additional benefit of reusing existing resources. Executing continues after failures within the scheduled job, i.e., the application staging overhead is not incurred again in contrast to a restart. Our scheme offers additional potential for savings through incremental checkpointing and proactive diskless live migration, which we are currently working on.

Wang, Chao [North Carolina State University; Mueller, Frank [North Carolina State University; Engelmann, Christian [ORNL; Scott, Steven L [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Relativistic Plasma Polarizer: Impact of Temperature Anisotropy on Relativistic Transparency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D particle-in-cell simulations demonstrate that the enhanced transparency of a relativistically hot plasma is sensitive to how the energy is partitioned between different degrees of freedom. For an anisotropic electron distribution, propagation characteristics, like the critical density, will depend on the polarization of the electromagnetic wave. Despite the onset of the Weibel instability in such plasmas, the anisotropy can persist long enough to affect laser propagation. This plasma can then function as a polarizer or a waveplate to dramatically alter the pulse polarization.

Stark, David J; Arefiev, Alexey V; Hazeltine, R D; Mahajan, S M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Nondegenerate phase-conjugate wave via stored atomic coherence based on electromagnetically induced transparency in solids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nondegenerate phase-conjugate wave was generated via stored atomic coherence in a Pr{sup 3+}:Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} crystal based on the electromagnetically induced transparency effect, and its capability for wave-front reconstruction of phase distortion was demonstrated experimentally. The phase-matching condition during the storage-retrieval process of the phase-conjugate wave was characterized both experimentally and theoretically in detail. Theoretical simulations fit the experimental data very well. Such a scheme of storage and retrieval of the phase-conjugate wave may have potential applications in optical signal processing and information security.

Zhai Zhaohui; Dou Yiling; Xu Jingjun; Zhang Guoquan [MOE Key Laboratory of Weak Light Nonlinear Photonics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457 (China); School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China) and Applied Physics School, TEDA College, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457 (China)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Amorphous semiconducting and conducting transparent metal oxide thin films and production thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Metal oxide thin films and production thereof are disclosed. An exemplary method of producing a metal oxide thin film may comprise introducing at least two metallic elements and oxygen into a process chamber to form a metal oxide. The method may also comprise depositing the metal oxide on a substrate in the process chamber. The method may also comprise simultaneously controlling a ratio of the at least two metallic elements and a stoichiometry of the oxygen during deposition. Exemplary amorphous metal oxide thin films produced according to the methods herein may exhibit highly transparent properties, highly conductive properties, and/or other opto-electronic properties.

Perkins, John (Boulder, CO); Van Hest, Marinus Franciscus Antonius Maria (Lakewood, CO); Ginley, David (Evergreen, CO); Taylor, Matthew (Golden, CO); Neuman, George A. (Holland, MI); Luten, Henry A. (Holland, MI); Forgette, Jeffrey A. (Hudsonville, MI); Anderson, John S. (Holland, MI)

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

216

Broadband light absorption enhancement in polymer photovoltaics using metal nanowall gratings as transparent electrodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors investigate light absorption in organic solar cells in which indium tin oxide (ITO) is replaced by a new metallic architecture (grating) as a transparent electrode. Different from typical metal nanowire gratings, our gratings consist of metal nanowalls with nanoscale footprint and (sub)microscale height [Adv. Mater. 23, 2469 (2011)], thus ensuring high optical transmittance and electrical conductivity. Simulations reveal that a broadband and polarization-insensitive light absorption enhancement is achieved via two mechanisms, when such silver nanowall gratings are employed in P3HT:PCBM based solar cells. Overall absorption enhanced by ~23% compared to a reference cell with ITO electrode.

Ye, Zhuo; Chaudhary, Sumit; Kuang, Ping; Ho, Kai-Ming

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Doping stability and opto-electronic performance of CVD graphene on transparent flexible substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dimensional honeycomb of single carbon atoms, has a myriad of impressive, novel optical and electrical properties [1, 2]. As such, it has attracted much attention as a promising material to complement indium tin oxide in large area transparent electrodes for many... transferred to laminate and PET substrates (ATI, Unicam UV2). The transmittance (550 nm) of graphene on PET and on laminate was 10% and 12% lower than the as-received PET and laminate, respectively. The high optical absorption suggests around four layer...

Kang, Moon Hyo; Milne, William I.; Cole, Matthew T.

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Theory of Thermal Motion in Electromagnetically Induced Transparency: Diffusion, Doppler, Dicke and Ramsey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theoretical model for electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in vapor, that incorporates atomic motion and velocity-changing collisions into the dynamics of the density-matrix distribution. Within a unified formalism we demonstrate various motional effects, known for EIT in vapor: Doppler-broadening of the absorption spectrum; Dicke-narrowing and time-of-flight broadening of the transmission window for a finite-sized probe; Diffusion of atomic coherence during storage of light and diffusion of the light-matter excitation during slow-light propagation; and Ramsey-narrowing of the spectrum for a probe and pump beams of finite-size.

O. Firstenberg; M. Shuker; R. Pugatch; D. R. Fredkin; N. Davidson; A. Ron

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

219

Turning ultraviolet-green into red light in transparent phosphate glasses for greenhouses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sb3+/Mn2+ co-doped phosphate glasses were prepared by high temperature melting method. The absorption excitation and emission spectra of the glasses were investigated. The glasses are transparent in the visible light region and can emit strong red light under 275 360 415 or 520?nm excitation. Under 275?nm excitation the emission colors of the glasses can vary from blue to red with the increasing of Mn2+ ion concentration. The materials will be helpful in developing glass greenhouse for the green plants.

Chengguo Ming; Feng Song; Liqun An; Xiaobin Ren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Highly Transparent, Flexible, and Thermally Stable Superhydrophobic ORMOSIL Aerogel Thin Films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(9, 22) On the other hand, ORMOSIL aerogel thin films produced in this work are highly transparent, do not need any pre or post surface treatments and can be applied on a variety of substrates including glass, wood, and plastics at ambient conditions with common thin-film deposition methods such as spin, dip, and spray coating. ... (b) Photographs of ORMOSIL aerogel thin films coated on glass substrates. ... This makes it possible to coat superhydrophobic aerogels on many different surfaces other than glass, including wood, wall tile, aluminum slab, cotton cloth, and plastics, which enables fast and easy production of large-scale superhydrophobic coatings. ...

Hulya Budunoglu; Adem Yildirim; Mustafa O. Guler; Mehmet Bayindir

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A stable frequency comb directly referenced to rubidium electromagnetically induced transparency and two-photon transitions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate an approach to create a stable erbium-fiber-based frequency comb at communication band by directly locking the combs to two rubidium atomic transitions resonances (electromagnetically induced transparency absorption and two-photon absorption), respectively. This approach directly transfers the precision and stability of the atomic transitions to the comb. With its distinguishing feature of compactness by removing the conventional octave-spanning spectrum and f-to-2f beating facilities and the ability to directly control the comb's frequency at the atomic transition frequency, this stable optical comb can be widely used in optical communication, frequency standard, and optical spectroscopy and microscopy.

Hou, Dong; Wu, Jiutao; Zhang, Shuangyou; Ren, Quansheng; Zhang, Zhigang; Zhao, Jianye, E-mail: zhaojianye@pku.edu.cn [Department of Electronics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (China)

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

222

Review: Object-Oriented Programming in Java  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and, with object technology at its current state...IBM European Object Technology Practice Unix...Information on a Corporate Intranet Bryan Hopkins ISBN...electronic delivery. As intranets are increasingly being...IBM European Object Technology Practice Chairman......

Martin West

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Analyses of Compressed Hydrogen On-Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analyses based on new carbon fiber winding/placement processes and/orlower cost fibers Planned, FY'11 (TBD designs and cost inputs for the fuel cycle to project: 1) Refueling cost 2) Well-to-Tank energy use and GHG emissions (ANL lead) This project provides an independent cost assessment of the hydrogen storage

224

Chemical Analyses of Silicon Aerogel Samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After five years of operating, two Aerogel counters: A1 and A2, taking data in Hall A at Jefferson Lab, suffered a loss of performance. In this note possible causes of degradation have been studied. In particular, various chemical and physical analyses have been carried out on several Aerogel tiles and on adhesive tape in order to reveal the presence of contaminants.

van der Werf, I.; Palmisano, F.; De Leo, Raffaele; Marrone, Stefano

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Incorporation of a risk analysis approach for the nuclear fuel cycle advanced transparency framework.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proliferation resistance features that reduce the likelihood of diversion of nuclear materials from the civilian nuclear power fuel cycle are critical for a global nuclear future. A framework that monitors process information continuously can demonstrate the ability to resist proliferation by measuring and reducing diversion risk, thus ensuring the legitimate use of the nuclear fuel cycle. The automation of new nuclear facilities requiring minimal manual operation makes this possible by generating instantaneous system state data that can be used to track and measure the status of the process and material at any given time. Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) are working in cooperation to develop an advanced transparency framework capable of assessing diversion risk in support of overall plant transparency. The ''diversion risk'' quantifies the probability and consequence of a host nation diverting nuclear materials from a civilian fuel cycle facility. This document introduces the details of the diversion risk quantification approach to be demonstrated in the fuel handling training model of the MONJU Fast Reactor.

Mendez, Carmen Margarita (Sociotecnia Solutions, LLC); York, David L.; Inoue, Naoko (Japan Atomic Energy Agency); Kitabata, Takuya (Japan Atomic Energy Agency); Vugrin, Eric D.; Vugrin, Kay White; Rochau, Gary Eugene; Cleary, Virginia D.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

U.S. Transparency monitoring under the U.S./Russian HEU purchase agreement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conversion of Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) metal to low enriched uranium (LEU) takes place at four Russian sites. HEU metal to oxide processing began in 1994 with shipments of HEU oxide from the Siberian Chemical Enterprise (SChE) to the Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant (UEIP) fluorination and blending facility. U.S. transparency monitoring at these facilities began in February 1996. In 1996, fluorination and blending operations began at the Electrochemical Plant (ECP). In 1997, additional HEU metal to oxide was added at the Mayak Production Association (MPA), and additional fluorination and blending operations have been performed at SChE. U.S. transparency monitoring at these facilities is intended to provide confidence that HEU weapons components are received, that the HEU metal is converted to HEU oxide, and that the HEU is blended to LEU prior to shipment to the U.S. Enrichment Corporation (USEC). The monitoring begins with observation of HEU weapon components in sealed containers, including confirmation of the {sup 235}U enrichment using U.S. nondestructive assay (NDA) equipment. The feeding of HEU metal shavings to the oxidation process and the subsequent packaging of the HEU oxide for shipment to the fluorination and blending facilities are then monitored. At those facilities, monitors are allowed to witness the fluorination and blending of the HEU into LEU. Monitors are allowed to use the NDA instrumentation to confirm that HEU is being processed. A series of process and material accountancy documents are provided to U.S. monitors.

Benton, J; Dougherth, D R; Glaser, J W; Thomas, D C

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

227

Deployment of the National Transparent Optical Network around the San Francisco Bay Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the deployment and initial operation of the National Transparent Optical Network, an experimental WDM network testbed around the San Francisco Bay Area, during the Optical Fiber Conference (OFC`96) held in San Jose, CA. The deployment aspects of the physical plant, optical and SONET layers are examined along with a discussion of broadband applications which utilized the network during the OFC`96 demonstration. The network features dense WDM technology, transparent optical routing technology using acousto- optic tunable filter based switches, and network modules with add/drop, multicast, and wavelength translation capabilities. The physical layer consisted of over 300 km of Sprint and Pacific Bell conventional single mode fiber which was amplified with I I optical amplifiers deployed in pre-amp, post-amp, and line amp configurations. An out-of-band control network provided datacom channels from remote equipment sites to the SONET network manager deployed at the San Jose Convention Center for the conference. Data transport over five wavelengths was achieved in the 1550 nm window using a variety of signal formats including analog and digital signal transmission on different wavelengths on the same fiber. The network operated throughout the week of OFC`96 and is still in operation today.

McCammon, K.; Haigh, R.; Armstrong, G. [and others

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Summary of On-Board Storage Models and Analyses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

On-Board Storage On-Board Storage Models and Analyses R.K. Ahluwalia, T. Q. Hua and J-K Peng Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Meeting FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership Delivery, Storage and Hydrogen Pathways Tech Teams May 8-9, 2007 Columbia, MD 2 Objective: To determine the performance of the on-board system relative to the storage targets (capacity, efficiency, etc) 1. On-Board System Configuration 2. Dehydrogenation Reactor Dehydrogenation kinetics Trickle bed hydrodynamics Dehydrogenation reactor model Reactor performance with pelletized and supported catalysts 3. System Performance Storage efficiency Storage capacity On-Board Hydrogen Storage System with a Liquid Carrier 3 Fuel Cell System with H 2 Stored in a Liquid Carrier Enthalpy Wheel Spent H 2 Fuel cell Stack Stack Coolant

229

Analyses of two-stage coal liquefaction processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this study was to identify the most promising coal liquefaction configuration. Investigators evaluated six process configurations that have been tested at the Wilsonville facility and Lummus Crest. Plants with one- and two-reactor stages were included. The investigators evaluated both nonintegrated and integrated (interstate recycle) versions of the two-stage concept. They also looked at variations of the integrated mode, including short contact time versus back-mixed first stages, antisolvent versus critical solvent de-ashing, and coupled reactors versus interstage de-ashing. They performed sensitivity analyses to determine the effects of reducing the number of hydrotreater (second-stage) reactors either by increasing the catalyst replacement rate or by using a catalytic first-stage reactor in place of a thermal first-stage reactor. 15 figs., 54 tabs.

Peluso, M. (Lummus Crest, Inc., Bloomfield, NJ (USA))

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Report to Congress on the Use of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant to Develop and Demonstrate Transparency Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the the Use of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant to Develop and Demonstrate Transparency Technologies Introduction This report describes the Department of Energy's plan for evaluating the use of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) repository system to develop transparency technologies. This report fulfills the requirement of Senate Report 106-50 on the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 for the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a plan to establish a nuclear waste disposal demonstration test bed facility. Congressional Request In Report 106-50 the Senate Armed Services Committee directed DOE to develop a plan to establish a demonstration and training program using the WIPP repository system as a test bed facility to develop transparent monitoring technologies for waste storage

231

MOOSE: Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview of Idaho National Laboratory's MOOSE: Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment

Gaston, Derek

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

232

MOOSE: Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

An overview of Idaho National Laboratory's MOOSE: Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment

Gaston, Derek

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

233

Affective objectives in a programming languages course  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses the use of affective objectives in upper-level computer science courses. The use of affective objectives can enrich student experiences, support student motivation, and enhance the achievement of the cognitive objectives. The paper ... Keywords: BNF, affective objectives, internalization, memory models, parameter passing, programming languages, syntax diagrams, value

David Langan; Leo F. Denton; Dawn McKinney

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Renewable Energy Development: Databases, Tools, and Analyses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Development: Databases, Tools, and Analyses Renewable Energy Development: Databases, Tools, and Analyses For over 20 years, EVS has used geospatial databases and technologies for environmental analysis of energy technologies and programs, with a focus on renewable energy. EVS has developed extensive geospatial libraries of energy and environmental data to support our work, partnered with a multi-disciplinary team of scientists and engineers to analyze impacts of potential projects and programs, created models to simulate energy and environmental processes, and produced web-based and desktop tools to help stakeholders understand issues and participate in decision making. The geographic context of energy and environmental issues is so fundamental to decision making that many of our projects routinely involve geospatial

235

Cost objective PLM and CE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concurrent engineering taking into account product life-cycle factors seems to be one of the industrial challenges of the next years. Cost estimation and management are two main strategic tasks that imply the possibility of managing costs at the earliest stages of product development. This is why it is indispensable to let people from economics and from industrial engineering collaborates in order to find the best solution for enterprise progress for economical factors mastering. The objective of this paper is to present who we try to adapt costing methods in a PLM and CE point of view to the new industrial context and configuration in order to give pertinent decision aid for product and process choices. A very important factor is related to cost management problems when developing new products. A case study is introduced that presents how product development actors have referenced elements to product life-cycle costs and impacts, how they have an idea bout economical indicators when taking decisions during the progression of the project of product development.

Nicolas Perry; Alain Bernard

2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

236

Final report for confinement vessel analysis. Task 2, Safety vessel impact analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes two sets of finite element analyses performed under Task 2 of the Confinement Vessel Analysis Program. In each set of analyses, a charge is assumed to have detonated inside the confinement vessel, causing the confinement vessel to fail in either of two ways; locally around the weld line of a nozzle, or catastrophically into two hemispheres. High pressure gases from the internal detonation pressurize the inside of the safety vessel and accelerate the fractured nozzle or hemisphere into the safety vessel. The first set of analyses examines the structural integrity of the safety vessel when impacted by the fractured nozzle. The objective of these calculations is to determine if the high strength bolt heads attached to the nozzle penetrate or fracture the lower strength safety vessel, thus allowing gaseous detonation products to escape to the atmosphere. The two dimensional analyses predict partial penetration of the safety vessel beneath the tip of the penetrator. The analyses also predict maximum principal strains in the safety vessel which exceed the measured ultimate strain of steel. The second set of analyses examines the containment capability of the safety vessel closure when impacted by half a confinement vessel (hemisphere). The predicted response is the formation of a 0.6-inch gap, caused by relative sliding and separation between the two halves of the safety vessel. Additional analyses with closure designs that prevent the gap formation are recommended.

Murray, Y.D. [APTEK, Inc., Colorado Springs, CO (United States)

1994-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

237

A NEW VIDEO-OBJECT WATERMARKING SCHEME ROBUST TO OBJECT MANIPULATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A NEW VIDEO-OBJECT WATERMARKING SCHEME ROBUST TO OBJECT MANIPULATION P. Bas and B. Macq presents a watermarking scheme for image or video objects. The watermarking of video objects implies such as Mpeg-4 and Jpeg-2000, the notion of video-object or image- object is more and more widespread [1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

238

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Electrical Systems and Safety Oversight...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Electrical Systems and Safety Oversight FAQS Job Task Analyses - Electrical Systems and Safety Oversight FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification...

239

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Instrument and Controls | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Instrument and Controls FAQS Job Task Analyses - Instrument and Controls FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task...

240

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

FAQS Job Task Analyses - NNSA Package Certification Engineer...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NNSA Package Certification Engineer FAQS Job Task Analyses - NNSA Package Certification Engineer FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards....

242

Atomic Physics Effects on Convergent, Child-Langmuir Ion Flow between Nearly Transparent Electrodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research during this project at the University of Wisconsin Fusion Technology Institute (UW FTI) on ion and neutral flow through an arbitrary, monotonic potential difference created by nearly transparent electrodes accomplished the following: (1) developed and implemented an integral equation approach for atomic physics effects in helium plasmas; (2) extended the analysis to coupled integral equations that treat atomic and molecular deuterium ions and neutrals; (3) implemented the key deuterium and helium atomic and molecular cross sections; (4) added negative ion production and related cross sections; and (5) benchmarked the code against experimental results. The analysis and codes treat the species D0, D20, D+, D2+, D3+, D and, separately at present, He0 and He+. Extensions enhanced the analysis and related computer codes to include He++ ions plus planar and cylindrical geometries.

Santarius, John F. [University of Wisconsin-Madison] [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Emmert, Gilbert A. [University of Wisconsin-Madison] [University of Wisconsin-Madison

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

243

Line narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency in Rb with a longitudinal magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) experiments in ?-type systems benefit from the use of hot vapor where the thermal averaging results in reducing the width of the EIT resonance well below the natural linewidth. Here, we demonstrate a technique for further reducing the EIT width in room-temperature vapor by the application of a small longitudinal magnetic field. The Zeeman shift of the energy levels results in the formation of several shifted subsystems; the net effect is to create multiple EIT dips each of which is significantly narrower than the original resonance. We observe a reduction by a factor of 3 in the D2 line of Rb87 with a field of 3.2G.

S. M. Iftiquar and Vasant Natarajan

2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

244

Calculation of the microscopic parameters of a self-induced transparency modelocked quantum cascade laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model to calculate the microscopic parameters of self-induced transparency (SIT) modelocked quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) is presented and the parameters are then calculated for a particular structure. These parameters are then used to calculate the gain to absorption ratio that is required to determine the required ratio of gain periods to absorbing periods that must be grown in order to obtain stable modelocked pulses. The modelocked pulse parameters, along with the stability limits are then calculated as the ratio of gain to absorption varies. For the SIT modelocked QCL design that we examined, we found that three to five gain periods must be grown for each absorbing period in order to ensure stable operation.

Muhammad Anisuzzaman Talukder; Curtis R. Menyuk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Laser frequency stabilization to excited state transitions using electromagnetically induced transparency in a cascade system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate laser frequency stabilization to excited state transitions using cascade electromagnetically induced transparency. Using a room temperature Rb vapor cell as a reference, we stabilize a first diode laser to the D{sub 2} transition and a second laser to a transition from the intermediate 5P{sub 3/2} state to a highly excited state with principal quantum number n=19-70. A combined laser linewidth of 280{+-}50 kHz over a 100 {mu}s time period is achieved. This method may be applied generally to any cascade system and allows laser stabilization to an atomic reference in the absence of a direct absorption signal.

Abel, R. P.; Mohapatra, A. K.; Bason, M. G.; Pritchard, J. D.; Weatherill, K. J.; Raitzsch, U.; Adams, C. S. [Department of Physics, Durham University, Rochester Building, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

2009-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

246

Resolution of hyperfine transitions in metastable 83Kr using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Narrow linewidth signals of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency (EIT) in the metastable 83Kr have been observed for the first time. Various hyperfine transitions in 4p55s[3/2]2 to 4p55p[5/2]3 manifolds of 83Kr have been identified through the experimentally observed EIT signals. Some unresolved or poorly resolved hyperfine transitions in saturated absorption spectroscopy (SAS) are clearly resolved in the present work. Using the spectral separation of these EIT identified hyperfine transitions, the magnetic hyperfine constant (A) and the electric quadrupole hyperfine constant (B) are determined with improved accuracy for 4p55s[3/2]2 and 4p55p[5/2]3 manifolds.

Kale, Y B; Tiwari, V B; Singh, S; Rawat, H S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Transparent Conducting Electrodes based on 1D and 2D Ag Nanogratings for Organic Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optical and electrical properties of optically-thin one-dimensional (1D) Ag nanogratings and two-dimensional (2D) Ag nanogrids are studied, and their use as transparent electrodes in organic photovoltaics are explored. A large broadband and polarization-insensitive optical absorption enhancement in the organic light-harvesting layers is theoretically and numerically demonstrated using either single-layer 2D Ag nanogrids or two perpendicular 1D Ag nanogratings, and is attributed to the excitation of surface plasmon resonances and plasmonic cavity modes. Total photon absorption enhancements of 150% and 200% are achieved for the optimized single-layer 2D Ag nanogrids and double (top and bottom) perpendicular 1D Ag nanogratings, respectively.

Zeng, Beibei; Bartoli, Filbert J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Electromagnetically induced transparency and dark fluorescence in a cascade three-level diatomic lithium system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Following our previous brief report [Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173003 (2002)], we report here a detailed study of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and dark fluorescence in a cascade three-level diatomic lithium system using optical-optical double resonance (OODR) spectroscopy for both resonance and off resonance coupling. When a strong coupling laser couples the intermediate state A?u+1(v=13,J=14) to the upper state G?g1(v=11,J=14) of Li27, the fluorescence from both A?u+1 and G?g1 states was drastically reduced as the weak probe laser was tuned through the resonance transition between the ground state X?g+1(v=4,J=15) and the excited state A?u+1(v=13,J=14). The strong coupling laser makes an optically thick medium transparent for the probe transition. In addition, the fact that fluorescence from the upper state G?g1(v=11,J=14) was also dark when both lasers were tuned at resonance implies that the molecules were trapped in the ground state. We used density matrix methods to simulate the response of an open molecular three-level system to the action of a strong coupling field and a weak probe field. The analytical solutions were obtained under the steady-state condition. We have incorporated the magnetic sublevel (M) degeneracy of the rotational levels in the line shape analysis and report ?M? dependent line shape splitting. Our theoretical calculations are in excellent agreement with the observed fluorescence spectra. We show that the coherence is remarkably preserved even when the coupling field was detuned far from the resonance.

Jianbing Qi and A. Marjatta Lyyra

2006-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

249

Improved photovoltaic performance of InGaN/GaN solar cells with optimized transparent current spreading layers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In0.135Ga0.865N/GaN p–i–n solar cells are fabricated and investigated with three types of transparent current spreading layers (TCSLs): Ni/Au layer type (Ni/Au-L), Ni/Au grid type (Ni/Au-G), and ITO layer type (I...

X. M. Cai; Y. Wang; Z. D. Li; X. Q. Lv; J. Y. Zhang; L. Y. Ying…

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Three-Dimensional Bicomponent Supramolecular Nanoporous Self-Assembly on a Hybrid All-Carbon Atomically Flat and Transparent Platform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three-Dimensional Bicomponent Supramolecular Nanoporous Self-Assembly on a Hybrid All-Carbon Atomically Flat and Transparent Platform ... We thank Ueli Heiz for providing experimental infrastructure at the Institute of Physical Chemistry at TUM. ... electronics are based on conjugated systems predominantly made up of sp2-hybridized carbon, such as graphene nanoribbons. ...

Juan Li; Sarah Wieghold; Murat Anil Öner; Patrick Simon; Moritz V. Hauf; Emanuela Margapoti; Jose A. Garrido; Friedrich Esch; Carlos-Andres Palma; Johannes V. Barth

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Co-sputtered Aluminum Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Film as Transparent Anode for Organic Light-emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Co-sputtered Aluminum Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Film as Transparent Anode for Organic Light and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China ABSTRACT Aluminum doped zinc oxide (AZO that MTDATA matches better with AZO than CuPc, which served as hole injection layer. Keywords: Aluminum doped

252

Used Fuel Management System Interface Analyses - 13578  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary system-level analyses of the interfaces between at-reactor used fuel management, consolidated storage facilities, and disposal facilities, along with the development of supporting logistics simulation tools, have been initiated to provide the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and other stakeholders with information regarding the various alternatives for managing used nuclear fuel (UNF) generated by the current fleet of light water reactors operating in the United States. An important UNF management system interface consideration is the need for ultimate disposal of UNF assemblies contained in waste packages that are sized to be compatible with different geologic media. Thermal analyses indicate that waste package sizes for the geologic media under consideration by the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign may be significantly smaller than the canisters being used for on-site dry storage by the nuclear utilities. Therefore, at some point along the UNF disposition pathway, there could be a need to repackage fuel assemblies already loaded and being loaded into the dry storage canisters currently in use. The implications of where and when the packaging or repackaging of commercial UNF will occur are key questions being addressed in this evaluation. The analysis demonstrated that thermal considerations will have a major impact on the operation of the system and that acceptance priority, rates, and facility start dates have significant system implications. (authors)

Howard, Robert; Busch, Ingrid [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Bldg. 5700, MS-6170, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Bldg. 5700, MS-6170, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Nutt, Mark; Morris, Edgar; Puig, Francesc [Argonne National Laboratory (United States)] [Argonne National Laboratory (United States); Carter, Joe; Delley, Alexcia; Rodwell, Phillip [Savannah River National Laboratory (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory (United States); Hardin, Ernest; Kalinina, Elena [Sandia National Laboratories (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Clark, Robert [U.S. Department of Energy (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy (United States); Cotton, Thomas [Complex Systems Group (United States)] [Complex Systems Group (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Probabilistic geometric grammars for object recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a generative three-dimensional (3D) representation and recognition framework for classes of objects. The framework uses probabilistic grammars to represent object classes recursively in terms of their ...

Aycinena, Margaret Aida

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

User interface handles for web objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the desktop, users are accustomed to having visible handles to objects that they can organize, share, and manipulate. Web applications today feature many loosely defined classes of such objects, like flight itineraries, ...

Pham, Hubert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Context in object and scene perception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the world, objects and settings tend to co-occur. Cars usually appear on streets with other vehicles, not in kitchens next to refrigerators. The present studies provide evidence that the semantic consistency of an object ...

Davenport, Jodi L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The Projective Approach to Object Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A methodology is presented for generating descriptions of objects from line drawings. Using projection of planes, objects in a scene can be parsed and described at the same time. The descriptions are hierarchical, and lend ...

Hollerbach, John M.

1972-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Building Groupwares over Duplicated Object Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Groupware toolkits let developers build applications for synchronous and distributed computer-based conferencing. Duplicated object systems (or DoS), on the other hand, manage distributed objects over the Internet and, since they include high-level features ...

Hechmi Khlifi; Jocelyn Desbiens; Mohamed Cheriet

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Video Object Segmentation through Spatially Accurate and Temporally Dense Extraction of Primary Object Regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Video Object Segmentation through Spatially Accurate and Temporally Dense Extraction of Primary primary object segments in videos in the `object proposal' domain. The extracted primary object regions are then used to build object models for optimized video segmentation. The proposed approach has several

Wu, Shin-Tson

259

1 Introduction Objectives 1-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Objectives 1-1 1 1 Introduction Objectives 1-1 History 1-2 Applications 1-5 Biological Inspiration 1-8 Further Reading 1-10 Objectives As you read these words you are using a complex biological and their training. #12;1 Introduction 1-2 History The history of artificial neural networks is filled with colorful

Hagan, Martin

260

WHAT IS THE OBJECTIVE? Brown Bag Luncheon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WHAT IS THE OBJECTIVE? Brown Bag Luncheon Assessment Series #12;Student learning objectives periods of time, usually an entire program #12;·Objectives are based on two fundamental questions: ·What do you want your students to learn? ·What do you want your students to be able to do with what

Hemmers, Oliver

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Learning Object Behaviour Models Neil Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning Object Behaviour Models by Neil Johnson Submitted in accordance with the requirements in the following articles: N. Johnson and D. Hogg. ``Learning the Distribution of Object Trajectories for Event 1995. N. Johnson and D. Hogg. ``Learning the distribution of object trajectories for event recognition

Hogg, David

262

Program Objectives | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Program Objectives Program Objectives Home > Stewardship Science Academic Alliances Program > Program Objectives Program Objectives Stewardship Science Academic Alliances (SSAA) Program Objectives Support the U.S. scientific community by funding research projects at universities that conduct fundamental science and technology research that is of relevance to Stockpile Stewardship, namely; materials under extreme conditions (condensed matter physics and materials science, hydrodynamics, and fluid dynamics); low energy nuclear science, high energy density physics, and radiochemistry. Provide opportunities for intellectual challenge and collaboration by promoting scientific interactions between the academic community and scientists at the DOE/NNSA's laboratories. Develop and maintain a long-term recruiting pipeline to the DOE/NNSA

263

System and method for disrupting suspect objects  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for disrupting at least one component of a suspect object is provided. The system includes a source for passing radiation through the suspect object, a screen for receiving the radiation passing through the suspect object and generating at least one image therefrom, a weapon having a discharge deployable therefrom, and a targeting unit. The targeting unit displays the image(s) of the suspect object and aims the weapon at a disruption point on the displayed image such that the weapon may be positioned to deploy the discharge at the disruption point whereby the suspect object is disabled.

Gladwell, T. Scott; Garretson, Justin R; Hobart, Clinton G; Monda, Mark J

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

264

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Fire Protection Engineering  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Job Task Analysis and Competency Review Job Task Analysis and Competency Review for All Level Competencies Fire Protection Engineering FAQS Initially conducted (expert competencies): August 2010 Updated (includes ALL Competencies): April 2011 Updated (includes ALL Competencies): October 2012 STEP 1: Job Task Analysis for Tasks Task (and Number) Source Importance Frequency Serve as the subject matter expert in the area of fire protection, life safety, and fire department emergency related services. FAQS Duties and Responsibilities Paragraph A 5 4 Review fire hazard analyses, assessments, and other fire safety documentation for compliance with applicable requirements. FAQS Duties and Responsibilities Paragraph B 5 3 Evaluate the adequacy of site emergency services. This includes all facets of the fire

265

Evolutionary analyses of nonfamily genes in plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

73 73 © 2012 The Authors. The Plant Journal © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Received Date : 11-May-2012 Revised Date : 16-Oct-2012 Accepted Date : 07-Nov-2012 Article type : Original Article Evolutionary analyses of non-family genes in plants Chu-Yu Ye 1,2,3,4 , Ting Li 1,3,4 , Hengfu Yin 1 , David J. Weston 1 , Gerald A. Tuskan 1,2 , Timothy J. Tschaplinski 1,2 , Xiaohan Yang 1,2,* 1 Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA 2 BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA 3 Present addresses: Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China (C.-Y.Y.); Pioneer Hi- Bred International, Johnston, IA 50131, USA (T.L.) 4 These authors contributed equally to this work. * Corresponding author:

266

Atmospheric Dispersion Modeling in Safety Analyses; GENII  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Workshop to Discuss Issues Regarding Deposition Workshop to Discuss Issues Regarding Deposition Velocity June 5-6, 2012 Jeremy Rishel Bruce Napier Atmospheric Dispersion Modeling in Safety Analyses: GENII Today's Presentation.... Will provide a high-level overview of the GENII codes. Will cover basic aspects of GENII's acute atmospheric transport model. Will review the GENII deposition model that is used to estimate the deposition velocity used in plume depletion. 2 GENII Development History 1988 - GENII V1 released ICRP-26/30/48 dosimetry 1990 - GENII V1.485 stabilized Current DOE Toolbox Version 1992 - GENII-S stochastic version 2004 - GENII V2 ICRP-72 age-dependent dosimetry Federal Guidance Report 13 risk factors

267

Method for imaging a concealed object  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for imaging a concealed object is described and which includes a step of providing a heat radiating body, and wherein an object to be detected is concealed on the heat radiating body; imaging the heat radiating body to provide a visibly discernible infrared image of the heat radiating body; and determining if the visibly discernible infrared image of the heat radiating body is masked by the presence of the concealed object.

Davidson, James R [Idaho Falls, ID; Partin, Judy K [Idaho Falls, ID; Sawyers, Robert J [Idaho Falls, ID

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

268

LIGHT CURVES OF 32 LARGE TRANSNEPTUNIAN OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present observations of 32 primarily bright, newly discovered Transneptunian objects (TNOs) observable from the Southern Hemisphere during 39 nights of observation with the Irenee du Pont 2.5 m telescope at Las Campanas Observatory. Our dataset includes objects in all dynamical classes, but is weighted toward scattered objects. We find 15 objects for which we can fit periods and amplitudes to the data, and place light curve amplitude upper limits on the other 17 objects. Combining our sample with the larger light curve sample in the literature, we find a 3{sigma} correlation between light curve amplitude and absolute magnitude with fainter objects having larger light curve amplitudes. We looked for correlations between light curve and individual orbital properties, but did not find any statistically significant results. However, if we consider light curve properties with respect to object dynamical classification, we find statistically different distributions between the classical-scattered and classical-resonant populations at the 95.60% and 94.64% level, respectively, with the classical objects having larger amplitude light curves. The significance is 97.05% if the scattered and resonant populations are combined. The properties of binary light curves are largely consistent with the greater TNO population except in the case of tidally locked systems. All the Haumea family objects measured so far have light curve amplitudes and rotation periods {<=}10 hr, suggesting that they are not significantly different from the larger TNO population. We expect multiple factors are influencing object rotations: object size dominates light curve properties except in the case of tidal, or proportionally large collisional interactions with other TNOs, the influence of the latter being different for each TNO sub-population. We also present phase curves and colors for some of our objects.

Benecchi, Susan D.; Sheppard, Scott S., E-mail: sbenecchi@dtm.ciw.edu [Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, 5241 Broad Branch Road, NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

A transparent Pyrex ?-reactor for combined in situ optical characterization and photocatalytic reactivity measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new Pyrex-based ?-reactor for photocatalytic and optical characterization experiments is presented. The reactor chamber and gas channels are microfabricated in a thin poly-silicon coated Pyrex chip that is sealed with a Pyrex lid by anodic bonding. The device is transparent to light in the UV-vis-near infrared range of wavelengths (photon energies between ?0.4 and ?4.1 eV). The absorbance of a photocatalytic film obtained with a light transmission measurement during a photocatalytic reaction is presented as a proof of concept of a photocatalytic reactivity measurement combined with in situ optical characterization. Diffuse reflectance measurements of highly scattering photocatalytic nanopowders in a sealed Pyrex ?-reactor are also possible using an integrating sphere as shown in this work. These experiments prove that a photocatalyst can be characterized with optical techniques after a photocatalytic reaction without removing the material from the reactor. The catalyst deposited in the cylindrical reactor chamber can be illuminated from both top and bottom sides and an example of application of top and bottom illumination is presented.

Dionigi, F.; Hansen, O. [CINF, Department of Physics, Building 312, Fysikvej, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark) [CINF, Department of Physics, Building 312, Fysikvej, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Nanotech, Building 345 East, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Nielsen, M. G.; Chorkendorff, I.; Vesborg, P. C. K. [CINF, Department of Physics, Building 312, Fysikvej, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)] [CINF, Department of Physics, Building 312, Fysikvej, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Pedersen, T. [Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Nanotech, Building 345 East, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)] [Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Nanotech, Building 345 East, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Improving Transparency in the Reporting of Safeguards Implementation: FY11 Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008, the Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation (SAGSI) indicated that the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Safeguards Implementation Report (SIR) has not kept pace with the evolution of safeguards and provided the IAEA with a set of recommendations for improvement. The SIR is the primary mechanism for providing an overview of safeguards implementation in a given year and reporting on the annual safeguards findings and conclusions drawn by the Secretariat. As the IAEA transitions to State-level safeguards approaches, SIR reporting must adapt to reflect these evolutionary changes. This evolved report will better reflect the IAEA's transition to a more qualitative and information-driven approach, based upon State-as-a-whole considerations. This paper applies SAGSI's recommendations to the development of multiple models for an evolved SIR and finds that an SIR repurposed as a 'safeguards portal' could significantly enhance information delivery, clarity, and transparency. In addition, this paper finds that the 'portal concept' also appears to have value as a standardized information presentation and analysis platform for use by Country Officers, for continuity of knowledge purposes, and the IAEA Secretariat in the safeguards conclusion process. Accompanying this paper is a fully functional prototype of the 'portal' concept, built using commercial software and IAEA Annual Report data and available for viewing at http://safeguardsportal.pnnl.gov.

Toomey, Christopher; Odlaug, Christopher S.; Wyse, Evan T.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

271

Low-resistivity photon-transparent window attached to photo-sensitive silicon detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention comprises a combination of a low resistivity, or electrically conducting, silicon layer that is transparent to long or short wavelength photons and is attached to the backside of a photon-sensitive layer of silicon, such as a silicon wafer or chip. The window is applied to photon sensitive silicon devices such as photodiodes, charge-coupled devices, active pixel sensors, low-energy x-ray sensors and other radiation detectors. The silicon window is applied to the back side of a photosensitive silicon wafer or chip so that photons can illuminate the device from the backside without interference from the circuit printed on the frontside. A voltage sufficient to fully deplete the high-resistivity photosensitive silicon volume of charge carriers is applied between the low-resistivity back window and the front, patterned, side of the device. This allows photon-induced charge created at the backside to reach the front side of the device and to be processed by any circuitry attached to the front side. Using the inventive combination, the photon sensitive silicon layer does not need to be thinned beyond standard fabrication methods in order to achieve full charge-depletion in the silicon volume. In one embodiment, the inventive backside window is applied to high resistivity silicon to allow backside illumination while maintaining charge isolation in CCD pixels.

Holland, Stephen Edward (Hercules, CA)

2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Studies on transparent spinel magnesium indium oxide thin films prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ternary semiconducting oxide compound magnesium indium oxide films (MgIn2O4), manifesting high transparency were prepared by metal organic chemical spray pyrolysis technique. Precursors prepared for various cationic ratios of Mg/In = 0.35, 0.40, 0.45 and 0.50 were thermally sprayed onto quartz substrates, decomposed at 450 °C and the spinel phase evolution was studied. X-ray diffraction, Rutherford backscattering and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies have been conducted to confirm the formation of single-phase MgIn2O4 films with Mg/In ratio 0.50. From optical transmission studies, the observed optical band gaps varied from 3.18 to 3.86 eV (0.35 < Mg/In < 0.5). The electrical conductivity variations of these films were measured in the temperature range between 30 and 150 °C by four-probe technique (34.07–1.44 × 10? 5 S cm? 1) and the Hall coefficient showed n-type electrical conduction and high carrier concentration (0.16 × 1020–0.89 × 17 cm? 3).

A. Moses Ezhil Raj; V. Senthilkumar; V. Swaminathan; Joachim Wollschläger; M. Suendorf; M. Neumann; M. Jayachandran; C. Sanjeeviraja

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A narrow window of Rabi frequency for competition between electromagnetically induced transparency and Raman absorption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This investigation clarifies the transition phenomenon between the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and Raman absorption in a ladder-type system of Doppler-broadened cesium vapor. A competition window of this transition was found to be as narrow as 2 MHz defined by the probe Rabi frequency. For a weak probe, the spectrum of EIT associated with quantum interference suggests that the effect of the Doppler velocity on the spectrum is negligible. When the Rabi frequency of the probe becomes comparable with the effective decay rate, an electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) dip emerges at the center of the power broadened EIT peak. While the Rabi frequency of the probe exceeds the effective decay rate, decoherence that is generated by the intensified probe field occurs and Raman absorption dominates the interaction process, yielding a pure absorption spectrum; the Doppler velocity plays an important role in the interaction. A theory that is based on density matrix simulation, with or without the Doppler effect, can qualitatively fit the experimental data. In this work, the coherence of atom-photon interactions is created or destroyed using the probe Rabi frequency as a decoherence source.

Chang, Ray-Yuan; Fang, Wei-Chia; Lee, Ming-Tsung; He, Zong-Syun; Ke, Bai-Cian [Department of Physics, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Lee, Yi-Chi [Institute of Electro-Optical Science and Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Tsai, Chin-Chun [Department of Physics, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Institute of Electro-Optical Science and Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

Autler-Townes triplet absorption spectroscopy, controllable electromagnetically induced transparency and nonlinear coherence Kerr effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Field Generated Coherence (FGC)' based 3-field cyclically-driven 4-level atomic system, which is an extended version of $\\Lambda$ type schemes, is investigated for Autler-Townes Triplet (ATT) absorption spectroscopy. Two dark lines which appear in the ATT spectrum, are the essence of the generated multiple controllable Electromagnetically Induced Transparency (EIT) windows for a superluminal Gaussian light pulse. We also investigate enhancement in the group advance time for a probe superluminal Gaussian light pulse even with no additional losses while generating nonlinear coherence Kerr effect through an intense monochrmatic laser field. Consequently, the pulse leaves the steep anomalous region of the medium by $38 \\mu s$ sooner than the pulse when retrieved from the Kerr-free system. A co-linear propagation of the driving fields is suggested to minimize our explored incoherence Doppler broadening effect on the probe pulse. Indeed, the analytically observed undistorted retrieved Gaussian light pulse, which is a necessary and useful requirement for realization of the results in laboratory, is also shown and analyzed explicitly.

Bakht Amin Bacha; Fazal Ghafoor; Rashid G Nazmidinov

2014-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

275

Linear and nonlinear light propagations in a Doppler-broadened medium via electromagnetically induced transparency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a systematic theoretical study to deal with linear and nonlinear light propagations in a Doppler-broadened three-level {Lambda} system via electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), with incoherent population exchange between two lower energy levels taken into account. Through a careful analysis of base state and linear excitation, we show that the EIT condition of the system is given by |{Omega}{sub c}|{sup 2{gamma}}{sub 31}>>2{gamma}{sub 21{Delta}{omega}D}{sup 2}, where {Omega}{sub c} is half the Rabi frequency of the control field, {Delta}{omega}{sub D} is the Doppler width, and {gamma}{sub jl} is the decay rate of the coherence between states |j> and |l>. Under this condition, the effect of incoherent population exchange is insignificant, while dephasing dominates the decoherence of the system. This condition also ensures the validity of the weak nonlinear perturbation theory used in this work for solving the Maxwell-Bloch equations with inhomogeneous broadening. We then investigate the nonlinear propagation of the probe field and show that it is possible to form temporal optical solitons in the Doppler-broadened medium. Such solitons have ultraslow propagating velocity and can be generated in very low light power. The possibility of realizing (1+1)-dimensional and (2+1)-dimensional spatial optical solitons in the adiabatic regime of the system is also discussed.

Li Liang; Huang Guoxiang [Department of Physics and Institute of Theoretical Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China and Institute of Nonlinear Physics, Zhejiang Normal University, Zhejiang 321004 (China)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

Structural stability of transparent conducting films assembled from length purified single-wall carbon nanotubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) films show significant promise for transparent electronics applications that demand mechanical flexibility, but durability remains an outstanding issue. In this work, thin membranes of length purified single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are uniaxially and isotropically compressed by depositing them on prestrained polymer substrates. Upon release of the strain, the topography, microstructure, and conductivity of the films are characterized using a combination of optical/fluorescence microscopy, light scattering, force microscopy, electron microscopy, and impedance spectroscopy. Above a critical surface mass density, films assembled from nanotubes of well-defined length exhibit a strongly nonlinear mechanical response. The measured strain dependence reveals a dramatic softening that occurs through an alignment of the SWCNTs normal to the direction of prestrain, which at small strains is also apparent as an anisotropic increase in sheet resistance along the same direction. At higher strains, the membrane conductivities increase due to a compression-induced restoration of conductive pathways. Our measurements reveal the fundamental mode of elasto-plastic deformation in these films and suggest how it might be suppressed.

J. M. Harris; G. R. S. Iyer; D. O. Simien; J. A. Fagan; J. Y. Huh; J. Y. Chung; S. D. Hudson; J. Obrzut; J. F. Douglas; C. M. Stafford; E. K. Hobbie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Objective determination of optimal power line designs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Includes abstract. The thesis investigated the possibility of overhead power line designs being decided by using an objective rather thana subjective method. Power lines are… (more)

Stephen, Robert G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Optimization problems with value function objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

max programming problem and the bilevel optimization problem. In this paper, we ... 1. Introduction. An optimization problem with value function objective is a.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

See-through amorphous silicon solar cells with selectively transparent and conducting photonic crystal back reflectors for building integrated photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin semi-transparent hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) solar cells with selectively transparent and conducting photonic crystal (STCPC) back-reflectors are demonstrated. Short circuit current density of a 135?nm thick a-Si:H cell with a given STCPC back-reflector is enhanced by as much as 23% in comparison to a reference cell with an ITO film functioning as its rear contact. Concurrently, solar irradiance of 295?W/m{sup 2} and illuminance of 3480 lux are transmitted through the cell with a given STCPC back reflector under AM1.5 Global tilt illumination, indicating its utility as a source of space heating and lighting, respectively, in building integrated photovoltaic applications.

Yang, Yang [The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Room GB254B, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4 (Canada)] [The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Room GB254B, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4 (Canada); O’Brien, Paul G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Toronto, 184 College Street, Room 140, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E4 (Canada) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Toronto, 184 College Street, Room 140, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E4 (Canada); Materials Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, 80 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H6 (Canada); Ozin, Geoffrey A., E-mail: gozin@chem.utoronto.ca, E-mail: kherani@ecf.utoronto.ca [Materials Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, 80 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H6 (Canada); Kherani, Nazir P., E-mail: gozin@chem.utoronto.ca, E-mail: kherani@ecf.utoronto.ca [The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Room GB254B, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4 (Canada); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Toronto, 184 College Street, Room 140, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E4 (Canada)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

280

HEFA and Fischer-Tropsch Jet Fuel Cost Analyses | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

HEFA and Fischer-Tropsch Jet Fuel Cost Analyses HEFA and Fischer-Tropsch Jet Fuel Cost Analyses This is a presentation from the November 27, 2012, Sustainable Alternative Fuels...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

ChemCam laser first analyses yield beautiful results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ChemCam laser first analyses ChemCam laser first analyses yield beautiful results The laser instrument has fired nearly 500 shots so far that have produced strong, clear data about...

282

Analyses of Hydrogen Storage Materials and On-Board Systems ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analyses of Hydrogen Storage Materials and On-Board Systems Analyses of Hydrogen Storage Materials and On-Board Systems Presentation by Stephen Lasher of TIAX for Joint Meeting on...

283

Nuclear correlation and finite interaction-range effects in high-energy $(e,e'p)$ nuclear transparency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear transparency is calculated for high-energy, semi-inclusive $(e,e'p)$ reactions, by accounting for all orders of Glauber multiple-scattering and by using realistic finite-range $p N$ interaction and (dynamically and statistically) correlated nuclear wave functions. The nuclear correlation effect is reduced due to the $p N$ finite-range effect. The net effect is small, and depends sensitively on details of the nuclear correlations in finite nuclei, which are poorly known at present.

Ryoichi Seki; T. D. Shoppa; Akihisa Kohama; Koichi Yazaki

1995-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

284

El Paso Electric photovoltaic-system analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four analyses were performed on the Newman Power Station PV system. Two were performed using the Photovoltaic Transient Analysis Program (PV-TAP) and two with the SOLCEL II code. The first was to determine the optimum tilt angle for the array and the sensitivity of the annual energy production to variation in tilt angle. The optimum tilt angle was found to be 28/sup 0/, and variations of 2/sup 0/ produce losses of only 0.06% in the annual energy production. The second analysis assesses the power loss due to cell-to-cell variations in short circuit current and the degree of improvement attainable by sorting cells and matching modules. Typical distributions on short circuit current can cause losses of about 9.5 to 11 percent in peak array power, and sorting cells into 4 bins prior to module assembly can reduce the losses to about 6 to 8 percent. Using modules from the same cell bins in building series strings can reduce the losses to about 4.5 to 6 percent. Results are nearly the same if the array is operated at a fixed votage. The third study quantifies the magnitude and frequency of occurrence of high cell temperatures due to reverse bias caused by shadowing, and it demonstrates that cell temperatures achieved in reverse bias are higher for cells with larger shunt resistance. The last study assesses the adequacy of transient protection devices on the dc power lines to transients produced by array switching and lightning. Large surge capacitors on the dc power line effectively limit voltage excursions at the array and at the control room due to lightning. Without insertion of series resistors, the current may be limited only by cable and switch impedances, and all elements could be severely stressed. (LEW)

Not Available

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Nuclear transparency and effective kaon-nucleon cross section from the A(e, e'K+) reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have determined the transparency of the nuclear medium to kaons from $A(e,e^{'} K^{+})$ measurements on $^{12}$C, $^{63}$Cu, and $^{197}$Au targets. The measurements were performed at the Jefferson Laboratory and span a range in four-momentum-transfer squared Q$^2$=1.1 -- 3.0 GeV$^2$. The nuclear transparency was defined as the ratio of measured kaon electroproduction cross sections with respect to deuterium, ($\\sigma^{A}/\\sigma^{D}$). We further extracted the atomic number ($A$) dependence of the transparency as parametrized by $T= (A/2)^{\\alpha-1}$ and, within a simple model assumption, the in-medium effective kaon-nucleon cross sections. The effective cross sections extracted from the electroproduction data are found to be smaller than the free cross sections determined from kaon-nucleon scattering experiments, and the parameter $\\alpha$ was found to be significantly larger than those obtained from kaon-nucleus scattering. We have included similar comparisons between pion- and proton-nucleon effective cross sections as determined from electron scattering experiments, and pion-nucleus and proton-nucleus scattering data.

Nuruzzaman; D. Dutta; J. Arrington; R. Asaturyan; F. Benmokhtar; W. Boeglin; P. Bosted; A. Bruell; B. Clasie; M. E. Christy; E. Chudakov; M. M. Dalton; A. Daniel; D. Day; L. El Fassi; R. Ent; H. C. Fenker; J. Ferrer; N. Fomin; H. Gao; K. Garrow; D. Gaskel; C. Gray; T. Horn; G. M. Huber; M. K. Jones; N. Kalantarians; C. E. Keppel; K. Kramer; Y. Li; Y. Liang; A. F. Lung; S. Malace; P. Markowitz; A. Matsumura; D. G. Meekins; T. Mertens; T. Miyoshi; H. Mkrtchyan; R. Monson; T. Navasardyan; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; Y. Okayasu; A. K. Opper; C. Perdrisat; V. Punjabi; X. Qian; A. W. Rauf; V. M. Rodriquez; D. Rohe; J. Seely; E. Segbefia; G. R. Smith; M. Sumihama; V. Tadevosyan; L. Tang; V. Tvaskis; W. F. Vulcan; F. R. Wesselmann; S. A. Wood; L. Yuan; X. C. Zheng

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

286

Object Exploration By Purposive, Dynamic Viewpoint Adjustment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Unlike previous approaches where exploration is cast as a discrete process (i.e., asking where to look on the object surface that are occluded when the exploration process is initiated. Our goal is to designObject Exploration By Purposive, Dynamic Viewpoint Adjustment Kiriakos N. Kutulakos Charles R. Dyer

Dyer, Charles R.

287

Materials Science and Engineering Program Objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmentalMaterials Science and Engineering Program Objectives Within the scope of the MSE mission, the objectives of the Materials Engineering Program are to produce graduates who: A. practice materials

Lin, Zhiqun

288

Multi-Objective Hardware/Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Multi-Objective Hardware/Software Co-Exploration CristinaCristina SilvanoSilvano silvano et al. CASES-02] ­ Architectural and Compiler techniques for energy reduction [Bellas et al. TVLSI-00-Objective Optimization Problem: Solutions Comparison · Is A-Curve better than B-Curve? How much? · Different techniques

Silvano, Cristina

289

What about Bulk Objects? "All things glow"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy emission T = temperature of the object As T , max As T , TOTAL[E] P = E/t =AT4 = object, trapping energy from the sun" (www.ucar.edu) #12;Note: 1) Atmospheric convection should increase in global to the "Encounter with Energy"...! ! How Is Energy Encountered... or Transferred? 1. Electromagnetic Waves (just

290

Controlling search in constrained-object models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A constrained-object model is a collection of classes parameterized by constraints and connected through composition and inheritance relations. A class is classically a factory of objects, that correctly linked are able to smoothly capture the inherent ... Keywords: constraint satisfaction, search

Ricardo Soto

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

A low-cost X-ray-transparent experimental cell for synchrotron-based X-ray microtomography studies under geological reservoir conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An X-ray-transparent experimental environment that allows time-resolved studies of porous rocks under geological reservoir conditions using high-energy synchrotron X-ray microtomography is presented.

Fusseis, F.

2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

292

A development strategy for connecting first-world consumers to third-world producers : integrating value chain transparency into E-commerce design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Value chain transparency, such as publishing member biographies and profit distribution, can be a powerful tool in increasing consumer trust and consumer loyalty. This thesis provides a methodology for integrating value ...

Dossa, Zahir (Zahir A.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Generation of high-energy vacuum UV femtosecond pulses by multiple-beam cascaded four-wave mixing in a transparent solid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The generation of ultrashort vacuum UV (VUV) pulses by nondegenerate cascaded four-wave mixing of femtosecond pulses in a thin slide of a large band-gap transparent solid is...

Silva, João L; Crespo, Helder M; Weigand, Rosa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

FY01 Supplemental Science and Performance Analyses, Volume 1: Scientific Bases and Analyses, Rev 00  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is considering the possible recommendation of a site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, for development as a geologic repository for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. To facilitate public review and comment, in May 2001 the DOE released the Yucca Mountain Science and Engineering Report (S&ER) (DOE 2001 [DIRS 153849]), which presents technical information supporting the consideration of the possible site recommendation. The report summarizes the results of more than 20 years of scientific and engineering studies. A decision to recommend the site has not been made: the DOE has provided the S&ER and its supporting documents as an aid to the public in formulating comments on the possible recommendation. When the S&ER (DOE 2001 [DIRS 153849]) was released, the DOE acknowledged that technical and scientific analyses of the site were ongoing. Therefore, the DOE noted in the Federal Register Notice accompanying the report (66 FR 23 013 [DIRS 155009], p. 2) that additional technical information would be released before the dates, locations, and times for public hearings on the possible recommendation were announced. This information includes: (1) the results of additional technical studies of a potential repository at Yucca Mountain, contained in this FY01 Supplemental Science and Performance Analyses: Vol. 1, Scientific Bases and Analyses; and FY01 Supplemental Science and Performance Analyses: Vol. 2, Performance Analyses (McNeish 2001 [DIRS 155023]) (collectively referred to as the SSPA) and (2) a preliminary evaluation of the Yucca Mountain site's preclosure and postclosure performance against the DOE's proposed site suitability guidelines (10 CFR Part 963 [64 FR 67054] [DIRS 124754]). By making the large amount of information developed on Yucca Mountain available in stages, the DOE intends to provide the public and interested parties with time to review the available materials and to formulate and submit comments. Before determining whether to recommend the Yucca Mountain site, the Secretary will consider public and stakeholder comments, as well as the available technical information.

David Dobson

2001-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

295

Lifecycle Assessments and Sustainability Analyses | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lifecycle Assessments and Sustainability Analyses Lifecycle Assessments and Sustainability Analyses Jump to: navigation, search The National Renewable Energy Laboratory performs lifecycle and technoeconomic analyses to promote sustainable energy development. Conducting full life-cycle assessments for biomass products, including electricity, biodiesel, and ethanol, is important for determining environmental benefits. NREL analysts use a life-cycle inventory modeling package and supporting databases to conduct life-cycle assessments. These tools can be applied on a global, regional, local, or project basis. Integrated system analyses, technoeconomic analyses, life-cycle assessments (LCAs), and other analysis tools are essential to our research and development efforts. They provide an understanding of the economic,

296

Optimization of transparent and reflecting electrodes for amorphous silicon solar cells. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transparent conducting fluorine doped zinc oxide was deposited as thin films on soda lime glass substrates by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (CVD) at substrate temperatures of 460 to 500 degrees C. The precursors diethylzinc, tetramethylethylenediamine and benzoyl fluoride were dissolved in xylene. This solution was nebulized ultrasonically and then flash vaporized by a carrier gas of nitrogen preheated to 150 degrees C. Ethanol was vaporized separately, and these vapors were then mixed to form a homogeneous vapor mixture. Good reproducibility was achieved using this new CVD method. Uniform thicknesses were obtained by moving the heated glass substrates through the deposition zone. The best electrically and optical properties were obtained when the precursor solution was aged for more than a week before use. The films were polycrystalline and highly oriented with the c-axis perpendicular to the substrate. More than 90% of the incorporated fluorine atoms were electrically active as n-type dopants. The electrical resistivity of the films was as low as 5 x 10/sup -4/ Omega cm. The mobility was about 45 cm ²/Vs. The electron concentration was up to 3 x 10 %sup20;/cm³. The optical absorption of the films was about 3-4% at a sheet resistance of 7 ohms/square. The diffuse transmittance was about 10% at a wavelength of 650 nm. Amorphous ilicon solar cells were deposited using the textured fluorine doped zinc oxide films as a front electrode. The short circuit current was increased over similar cells made with fluorine doped tin oxide, but the open circuit voltages and fill factors were reduced. The voltage was restored by overcoating the fluorine-doped zinc oxide with a thin layer of fluorine-doped tin oxide.

Gordon, R.G.; Kramer, K.; Liang, H.; Liu, X.; Pang, D.; Teff, D.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Streamlined life cycle assessment of transparent silica aerogel made by supercritical drying  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When developing sustainable building fabric technologies, it is essential that the energy use and CO2 burden arising from manufacture does not outweigh the respective in-use savings. This study investigates this paradigm by carrying out a streamlined life cycle assessment (LCA) of silica aerogel. This unique, nanoporous translucent insulation material has the lowest thermal conductivity of any solid, retaining up to four times as much heat as conventional insulation, whilst being highly transparent to light and solar radiation. Monolithic silica aerogel has been cited as the ‘holy grail’ of future glazing technology. Alternatively, translucent granular aerogel is now being produced on a commercial scale. In each case, many solvents are used in production, often accompanied by intensive drying processes, which may consume large amounts of energy and CO2. To date, there has been no peer-reviewed LCA of this material conducted to the ISO 14000 standard. Primary data for this ‘cradle-to-factory gate’ LCA is collected for silica aerogel made by low and high temperature supercritical drying. In both cases, the mass of raw materials and electricity usage for each process is monitored to determine the total energy use and CO2 burden. Findings are compared against the predicted operational savings arising from retrofitting translucent silica aerogel to a single glazed window to upgrade its thermal performance. Results should be treated as a conservative estimate as the aerogel is produced in a laboratory, which has not been developed for mass manufacture or refined to reduce its environmental impact. Furthermore, the samples are small and assumptions to upscale the manufacturing volume occur without major changes to production steps or equipment used. Despite this, parity between the CO2 burden and CO2 savings is achieved in less than 2 years, indicating that silica aerogel can provide a measurable environmental benefit.

Mark Dowson; Michael Grogan; Tim Birks; David Harrison; Salmaan Craig

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Predicting optical and thermal characteristics of transparent single-glazed domed skylights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical and thermal characteristics of domed skylights are important to solve the trade-off between daylighting and thermal design. However, there is a lack of daylighting and thermal design tools for domed skylights. Optical and thermal characteristics of transparent single-glazed hemispherical domed skylights under sun and sky light are evaluated based on an optical model for domed skylights. The optical model is based on tracing the beam and diffuse radiation transmission through the dome surface. A simple method is proposed to replace single-glazed hemispherical domed skylights by optically and thermally equivalent single-glazed planar skylights to accommodate limitations of energy computer programs. Under sunlight, single-glazed hemispherical domed skylights yield slightly lower equivalent solar transmittance and solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) at near normal zenith angles than those of single-glazed planar skylights. However, single-glazed hemispherical domed skylights yield substantially higher equivalent solar transmittance and SHGC at high zenith angles and around the horizon. Under isotropic skylight, single-glazed hemispherical domed skylights yield slightly lower equivalent solar transmittance and SHGC than those of single-glazed planar skylights. Daily solar heat gains of single-glazed hemispherical domed skylights are higher than those of single-glazed horizontal planar skylights in both winter and summer. In summer, the solar heat gain of single-glazed hemispherical domed skylights can reach 3% to 9% higher than those of horizontal single-glazed planar skylights for latitudes varying between 0 and 55{degree} (north/south). In winter, however, the solar heat gains of single-glazed hemispherical domed skylights increase significantly with the increase of the site latitude and can reach 232% higher than those of horizontal single-glazed planar skylights, particularly for high latitude countries.

Laouadi, A.; Atif, M.R.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES Foundation FOUNDATION EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES are used primarily by Accounting Services for Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES ­ Foundation 2-J page 1 FOUNDATION EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES are used primarily by Accounting Services for Foundation transactions. 3080 Foundation Service Fee: Allocation of administrative costs to Foundation beneficiary departmental accounts. 3120 LSU Magazine Costs - Foundation

Harms, Kyle E.

300

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Objectives & Targets Rev. 7/17/13 Objectives & Targets Rev. 7/17/13 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS 2012 PROGRESS REPORT for SOUTHWESTERN POWER ADMINISTRATION Activity Legal Requirement Aspect Objective Target** see important note Target Achieved Details Real Estate Management DOE O 436.1 E.O. 13423 & 13514 EPAct 1992 and 2005 EISA 2007 NECPA 1978 Natural resource depletion and GHG emissions from resource intensive facilities Increase sustainability of facility resources, reduce energy and water consumption, reduce impacts to natural resources from facility usage 1) Meter 90% of electricity by September 2012 2) Meter 90% of gas, steam, and water by September 2015 3) 30% energy intensity reduction by 2015 from baseline 2003 4) Reduce water consumption intensity 2%

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Object-Oriented Modelling of Flexible Beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper the problem of modelling flexible thin beams in multibody systems is tackled. The proposed model, implemented with the object-oriented modelling language Modelica, is completely modular, allowing th...

Francesco Schiavo; Luca Viganò; Gianni Ferretti

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Using Enhanced Spherical Images for Object Representation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The processes involved in vision, manipulation, and spatial reasoning depend greatly on the particular representation of three-dimensional objects used. A novel representation, based on concepts of differential geometry, ...

Smith, David A.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Renewable, Recycled and Conserved Energy Objective  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In February 2008, South Dakota enacted legislation (HB 1123) establishing an objective that 10% of all retail electricity sales in the state be obtained from renewable and recycled energy by 2015....

304

Refinement in Object-Z and CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we explore the relationship between refinement in Object-Z and refinement in CSP. We prove with a simple counter-example ... , does not imply failures-divergences refinement in CSP. This contradicts...

Christie Bolton; Jim Davies

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Combining CSP and Object-Z  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter starts the discussion of formal notations that combine state-based modelling as in (Object-)Z, with the modelling of behaviour. Our particular choice for a behavioural notation is CSP, thus this chap...

John Derrick; Eerke A. Boiten

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Objectivity From Quanta Via State Information Broadcasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In spite of all of its successes, quantum mechanics leaves us with a central problem: How does Nature create a ''foot-bridge'' from fragile quanta to the objective world of everyday experience? Here we identify within quantum mechanics a fundamental process leading to the perceived objectivity and called state information broadcasting. This is the trick that Nature uses instead of a simple cloning. We uncover it basing on minimal assumptions, without referring to any dynamical details or a concrete model. More specifically, we show how a crucial for quantum mechanics notion of non-disturbance due to Bohr and a natural definition of objectivity lead to a canonical structure of a quantum system-environment state, reflecting objective information records about the system stored in the environment.

R. Horodecki; J. K. Korbicz; P. Horodecki

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

307

Geometric Aspects of Visual Object Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents there important results in visual object recognition based on shape. (1) A new algorithm (RAST; Recognition by Adaptive Sudivisions of Tranformation space) is presented that has lower average-case ...

Breuel, Thomas M.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Object schemas for responsive robotic language use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of natural language should be added to a robot system without sacrificing responsiveness to the environment. In this paper, we present a robot that manipulates objects on a tabletop in response to verbal interaction. ...

Hsiao, Kai-yuh

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Forward engineering object recognition : a scalable approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ease with which we recognize visual objects belies the computational difficulty of this feat. Despite the concerted efforts of both biological and computer vision research communities over the last forty years, human-level ...

Pinto, Nicolas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Arbitrary cutting of deformable tetrahedralized objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a flexible geometric algorithm for placing arbitrary cracks and incisions on tetrahedralized deformable objects. Although techniques based on remeshing can also accommodate arbitrary fracture patterns, this flexibility comes at the risk of ...

Eftychios Sifakis; Kevin G. Der; Ronald Fedkiw

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Storied objects: design thinking with time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The traditional approach to the design of everyday objects is articulated by form and function. This thesis aims to model an approach to design thinking that extends the praxis of form and function to include the expression ...

Lee, Hyun-Yeul.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Object calculus and the object-oriented analysis and design of an error-sensitive GIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Object calculus and the object-oriented analysis and design of an error-sensitive GIS MATT DUCKHAM of an error-sensitive GIS Abstract. The use of object-oriented analysis and design (OOAD) in GIS research of the key contemporary issues in GIS. This paper examines the application of one particular OO formalism

Duckham, Matt

313

Use of a temporal approach to the three-dimensional image formation of a distant rough nonplanar object  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is proposed to reconstruct three-dimensional images of a distant nonplanar rough object by the speckle pattern of its flat image, which is calculated using the temporal approach based on the time correlation function of probe radiation with a coherence length smaller than the size of the probed object. We analyse the influence of the angular resolution of the optical system, forming an image of the object, and additive noises on the reconstruction accuracy of the object surface shape using the proposed method. (imaging)

Mandrosov, V I [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Aligned Rank Transform for Nonparametric Factorial Analyses Using Only ANOVA Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nonparametric analyses. Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis Can perform nonparametric analyses, but cannot handle

Findlater, Leah

315

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safeguards and Security General Technical Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies. FAQS JTA - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base More Documents & Publications FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security

316

SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS FOR SALTSTONE DISPOSAL UNIT COLUMN DEGRADATION ANALYSES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PORFLOW related analyses supporting a Sensitivity Analysis for Saltstone Disposal Unit (SDU) column degradation were performed. Previous analyses, Flach and Taylor 2014, used a model in which the SDU columns degraded in a piecewise manner from the top and bottom simultaneously. The current analyses employs a model in which all pieces of the column degrade at the same time. Information was extracted from the analyses which may be useful in determining the distribution of Tc-99 in the various SDUs throughout time and in determining flow balances for the SDUs.

Flach, G.

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

317

Ch. III, Interpretation of water sample analyses Waunita Hot...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

analyses Waunita Hot Springs area Gunnison County, Colorado Author R. H. Carpenter Editor T. G. Zacharakis Published Colorado Geological Survey in Cooperation with the U.S....

318

Analyse der Übergangsresonanz des auf Federisolierung gestützten Sägegatterfundaments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Die Arbeit zeigt die Ergebnisse einer theoretischen Verhaltens-analyse des Gatterfundaments während der Inbetriebnahme. Es wurde die Abhängigkeit der maximalen Resonanzamplituden von der Anlaufzeit des Motors und...

M. Dembinski

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysing neighbourhood characteristics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

field intensity at the cut-off neighbourhood, where the WKB approxi- mation fails, Brueckner... analytically analysed a steady-state spherical model solving plasma continuity...

320

Enhancing geothermal heat pump systems with parametric performance analyses.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Parametric performance analyses and comparison of a basic geothermal heat pump, a heat pump cycle with motor cooling/refrigerant preheating, and a heat pump cycle utilizing… (more)

Self, Stuart

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

FAQS Job Task Analyses Form | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Form FAQS Job Task Analyses Form Step 1, Identify and evaluate tasks; Step 2, Identify and evaluate competencies; and Step 3, Evaluate linkage between tasks and competencies....

322

Naval Spent Fuel Rail Shipment Accident Exercise Objectives ...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Naval Spent Fuel Rail Shipment Accident Exercise Objectives Naval Spent Fuel Rail Shipment Accident Exercise Objectives Naval Spent Fuel Rail Shipment Accident Exercise Objectives...

323

Glass and glass-ceramics transparent from the visible range to the mid-infrared for night vision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many papers report studies on oxyfluorides glass-ceramics combining the optical advantage of fluoride environment for rare earth with the thermal and chemical advantages of oxide glasses [1â??7], or on oxide-based glass-ceramics exhibiting exceptional thermo-mechanical properties such as zero thermal expansion coefficient. The transparency of these glass-ceramics is limited in the infrared region up to 4 µm [8â??12]. In this paper, we report the last results on totally new infrared transmitting chalcogenide glass-ceramics which are transparent up to 11 µm for sulphur based glass or up to 16 µm for selenium based glass. By selecting appropriate glass composition in several Ge-(Sb/Ga)-(S/Se)-MX (MX: alkali halide) systems, glass-ceramics with different microcrystals volume fraction can be reproducibly obtained by controlling nucleation and crystallisation annealing time and temperatures. It has been demonstrated that crystals smaller than 200 nm induce some additional losses only in the short wavelength region. The glass ceramics keep the same transmission as the original glass from 1 µm up to 11 µm or 16 µm. Sulphur based glass-ceramics are still transparent in the second for glass and selenium based glass-ceramics keep an excellent transmission in the second and third atmospheric window. The obtained glass-ceramics exhibit much better resistance to cracks propagation than the corresponding pure glass matrix. Observations under electronic microscopy as well as X-ray diffraction have been used to determinate crystals size, density and crystalline phase. The possibility of combining the ceramisation process and the shaping by moulding has also been demonstrated.

L. Calvez; H-L. Ma; J. Lucas; X.H. Zhang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Resolving the ambiguity of real-time multiple object tracking using static cameras  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently, because of its importance in computer vision and surveillance systems, object tracking has progressed rapidly. In this paper a novel strategy for tracking multiple objects using static cameras is introduced, which can be used to grant a cheap, easy installation, and robust tracking system. The proposed tracking strategy is based on scenes captured by static video cameras. Each camera is attached to a workstation that analyses its stream. All workstations are connected to a tracking server, which harmonises the system, collects the data, and creates the output spatial-tempo database. Our contribution comes in two issues. The first is to present a new methodology for transforming the image coordinates of an object to its real coordinates. The second is to offer a flexible event-based object tracking strategy, which has been tested over a CAD of soccer game environment. Preliminary experimental results show the robust performance of the proposed tracking strategy.

A.I. Saleh; A.M. Sarhan; R.K. Elsadek

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Property:Geothermal/Objectives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Objectives Objectives Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Geothermal/Objectives Property Type Text Description Objectives Pages using the property "Geothermal/Objectives" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Geothermal Project + Apply three-dimensional/three-component (3D-3C) reflection seismic technology to define transmissive geothermal structures at the Soda Lake Geothermal area, Churchill County, NV. A Demonstration System for Capturing Geothermal Energy from Mine Waters beneath Butte, MT Geothermal Project + Install a heat-pump system in Montana Tech's new Natural Resources Building that will (a) provide efficient, geothermally based, climate control for the building, and (b) demonstrate the efficacy of using mine waters for heat pump systems. At a minimum, the system capacity will be in the 50- to 100-ton range, but could be larger if economics warrant.

326

Fabrication of highly transparent diamond-like carbon anti-reflecting coating for Si solar cell application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ARC grade highly transparent unhydrogenated diamond-like carbon (DLC) films were produced, directly from a-C target, using RF magnetron sputtering deposition technique, for optoelectronic applications. Optical band gap, transmittance, reflectance, sp{sup 3} fraction, I{sub D}/I{sub G}, density, and refractive index of the films have been estimated with the help of optical tools like Uv-vis spectrophotometer, ellipsometer and micro-Raman. Optimum ARC-qualities have been identified in low-temperature grown DLC films at an Ar pressure of 4 mTorr in the reactor, accomplishing its key requirements for use in silicon solar cells.

Banerjee, Amit, E-mail: erdd@iacs.res.in; Das, Debajyoti, E-mail: erdd@iacs.res.in [Nano-Science Group, Energy Research Unit, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata-700032 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

327

GaN nanorod light emitting diodes with suspended graphene transparent electrodes grown by rapid chemical vapor deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ordered and dense GaN light emitting nanorods are studied with polycrystalline graphene grown by rapid chemical vapor deposition as suspended transparent electrodes. As the substitute of indium tin oxide, the graphene avoids complex processing to fill up the gaps between nanorods and subsequent surface flattening and offers high conductivity to improve the carrier injection. The as-fabricated devices have 32% improvement in light output power compared to conventional planar GaN-graphene diodes. The suspended graphene remains electrically stable up to 300?°C in air. The graphene can be obtained at low cost and high efficiency, indicating its high potential in future applications.

Xu, Kun; Xu, Chen, E-mail: xuchen58@bjut.edu.cn; Deng, Jun; Zhu, Yanxu; Guo, Weiling; Mao, Mingming; Xun, Meng; Chen, Maoxing; Zheng, Lei [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China); Xie, Yiyang [State Key Laboratory of Integrated Optoelectronics, Institute of Semiconductor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Integrated Optoelectronics, Institute of Semiconductor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Sun, Jie, E-mail: jie.sun@chalmers.se [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China) [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China); Mikroteknologi och Nanovetenskap, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola AB, Göteborg 41296 (Sweden)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

328

Three-photon near-infrared quantum cutting in Tm{sup 3+}-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient three-step sequential three-photon near-infrared (NIR) quantum cutting in Tm{sup 3+}-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics has been demonstrated, where an absorbed blue photon could be cut into three NIR photons at 1190, 1460, and 1800 nm with quantum yield greater than unity. On the basis of static and dynamic photoemission, monitored excitation, and time-resolved fluorescence spectra, we investigate in detail the underlying optoelectronic mechanism. Further development of an efficient triply-cutting material might open up a path towards ultra-efficient photonic devices, which enables more photons emitted than absorbed in the excitation process.

Yu, D. C.; Zhang, J. P.; Chen, Q. J.; Zhang, W. J.; Yang, Z. M.; Zhang, Q. Y. [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence Materials and Devices, and Institute of Optical Communication Materials, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641 (China)

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

329

WEIGHTED GUIDELINES PROFIT/FEE OBJECTIVE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WEIGHTED GUIDELINES PROFIT/FEE OBJECTIVE WEIGHTED GUIDELINES PROFIT/FEE OBJECTIVE DOE F 4220.23 (06-95) U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 1. CONTRACTOR IDENTIFICATION 2. TYPE OF ACQUISTION ACTION (REFER TO OFPP MANUAL, FEDERAL PROCUREMENT DATA SYSTEMS - PRODUCT AND SERVICE CODES. APRIL 1980) a. Name c. Street address b. Division (If any) d. City e. State f. Zip code a. SUPPLIES & EQUIPMENT b. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT c. SERVICES: (1) ARCHITECT-ENGINEER: (2) MANAGEMENT SERVICES: (3) MEDICAL: (4) OTHER (e.g., SUPPORT SERVICES) 3. ACQUISITION INFORMATION a. Purchasing Offices b. Contract type d. FY c. RFP/RFQ No. e. Contract No. PROFIT/FEE OBJECTIVE COMPUTATION PROFIT/FEE CONSIDERATIONS a. MEASUREMENT BASE b. PROFIT/FEE WEIGHT RANGES (%) c. ASSIGNED

330

FAQS Job Task Analyses- Civil/Structural Engineering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

331

FAQS Job Task Analyses- Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

332

Ris-R-1565(EN) Analyses of Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-R-1565(EN) Analyses of Demand Response in Denmark Frits Møller Andersen Stine Grenaa Jensen. Larsen, Peter Meibom, Hans Ravn, Klaus Skytte, Mikael Togeby Title: Analyses of Demand Response and security of supply, the report describes demand response from a microeconomic perspective and provides

333

Analysing the Entire Wikipedia History with Database Supported Haskell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysing the Entire Wikipedia History with Database Supported Haskell George Giorgidze1 , Torsten the entire Wikipedia history. DSH is a novel high-level database query facility allowing for the for on our experience of using Database Supported Haskell (DSH) [4] for analysing the entire history

Grust, Torsten

334

FAQS Job Task Analyses- DOE Aviation Safety Officer  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

335

FAQS Job Task Analyses- Confinement Ventilation and Process Gas Treatment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies.

336

The Cherokee and Crawford County Coal Field With Analyses of the Coal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The most serious objection to this method is the claim that certain non-coking coals suffer mechanical loss from the rapid heating. No evidence to support this con- tention has been submitted. 51. ASH. In the determination of ash, either a new sample... in the purchase of fuel on the B .t .u . basis. This method is used in the fuel inspection laboratory of the Bureau of Mines. ( Methods of analysing Coal and Coke, Bureau of Mines, Technical paper #8 . ) 35, CALORIFIC VALUE OF DETERMINATION. T£e calorific...

Carpenter, C.B.; Brown, H.R.

1915-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) Agency/Company /Organization: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, University of Maryland, Joint Global Change Research Institute Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Forestry, Hydrogen, Transportation Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application

338

RAPID RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSES IN SUPPORT OF FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR ACCIDENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is an increasing need to develop faster analytical methods for emergency response, including emergency soil and air filter samples. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) performed analyses on samples received from Japan in April, 2011 as part of a U.S. Department of Energy effort to provide assistance to the government of Japan, following the nuclear event at Fukushima Daiichi, resulting from the earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011. Of particular concern was whether it was safe to plant rice in certain areas (prefectures) near Fukushima. The primary objectives of the sample collection, sample analysis, and data assessment teams were to evaluate personnel exposure hazards, identify the nuclear power plant radiological source term and plume deposition, and assist the government of Japan in assessing any environmental and agricultural impacts associated with the nuclear event. SRNL analyzed approximately 250 samples and reported approximately 500 analytical method determinations. Samples included soil from farmland surrounding the Fukushima reactors and air monitoring samples of national interest, including those collected at the U.S. Embassy and American military bases. Samples were analyzed for a wide range of radionuclides, including strontium-89, strontium-90, gamma-emitting radionuclides, and plutonium, uranium, americium and curium isotopes. Technical aspects of the rapid soil and air filter analyses will be described. The extent of radiostrontium contamination was a significant concern. For {sup 89,90}Sr analyses on soil samples, a rapid fusion technique using 1.5 gram soil aliquots to enable a Minimum Detectable Activity (MDA) of <1 pCi {sup 89,90} Sr /g of soil was employed. This sequential technique has been published recently by this laboratory for actinides and radiostrontium in soil and vegetation. It consists of a rapid sodium hydroxide fusion, pre-concentration steps using iron hydroxide and calcium fluoride precipitations, followed by Sr-Resin separation and gas flow proportional counting. To achieve a lower detection limit for analysis of some of the Japanese soil samples, a 10 gram aliquot of soil was taken, acid-leached and processed with similar preconcentration chemistry. The MDA using this approach was ~0.03 pCi/g (1.1 mBq/g)/, which is less than the 0.05-0.10 pCi/g {sup 90}Sr levels found in soil as a result of global fallout. The chemical yields observed for the Japanese soil samples was typically 75-80% and the laboratory control sample (LCS) and matrix spike (MS) results looked very good for this work Individual QC results were well within the ± 25% acceptable range and the average of these results does not show significant bias. Additional data for a radiostrontium in soil method for 50 gram samples will also be presented, which appears to be a significant step forward based on looking at the current literature, with higher chemical yields for even larger sample aliquots and lower MDA. Hou et al surveyed a wide range of separation methods for Pu in waters and environmental solid samples. While there are many actinide methods in the scientific literature, few would be considered rapid due to the tedious and time-consuming steps involved. For actinide analyses in soil, a new rapid method for the determination of actinide isotopes in soil samples using both alpha spectrometry and inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry was employed. The new rapid soil method utilizes an acid leaching method, iron/titanium hydroxide precipitation, a lanthanum fluoride soil matrix removal step, and a rapid column separation process with TEVA Resin. The large soil matrix is removed easily and rapidly using these two simple precipitations with high chemical recoveries and effective removal of interferences. Vacuum box technology and rapid flow rates were used to reduce analytical time. Challenges associated with the mineral content in the volcanic soil will be discussed. Air filter samples were reported within twenty-four (24) hours of receipt using rapid techniques published previously. The r

Maxwell, S.

2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

Rapid Radiochemical Analyses in Support of Fukushima Nuclear Accident - 13196  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is an increasing need to develop faster analytical methods for emergency response, including emergency soil and air filter samples [1, 2]. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) performed analyses on samples received from Japan in April, 2011 as part of a U.S. Department of Energy effort to provide assistance to the government of Japan, following the nuclear event at Fukushima Daiichi, resulting from the earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011. Of particular concern was whether it was safe to plant rice in certain areas (prefectures) near Fukushima. The primary objectives of the sample collection, sample analysis, and data assessment teams were to evaluate personnel exposure hazards, identify the nuclear power plant radiological source term and plume deposition, and assist the government of Japan in assessing any environmental and agricultural impacts associated with the nuclear event. SRNL analyzed approximately 250 samples and reported approximately 500 analytical method determinations. Samples included soil from farmland surrounding the Fukushima reactors and air monitoring samples of national interest, including those collected at the U.S. Embassy and American military bases. Samples were analyzed for a wide range of radionuclides, including strontium-89, strontium-90, gamma-emitting radionuclides, and plutonium, uranium, americium and curium isotopes. Technical aspects of the rapid soil and air filter analyses will be described. The extent of radiostrontium contamination was a significant concern. For {sup 89,90}Sr analyses on soil samples, a rapid fusion technique using 1.5 gram soil aliquots to enable a Minimum Detectable Activity (MDA) of <1 pCi {sup 89,90}Sr /g of soil was employed. This sequential technique has been published recently by this laboratory for actinides and radiostrontium in soil and vegetation [3, 4]. It consists of a rapid sodium hydroxide fusion, pre-concentration steps using iron hydroxide and calcium fluoride precipitations, followed by Sr-Resin separation and gas flow proportional counting. To achieve a lower detection limit for analysis of some of the Japanese soil samples, a 10 gram aliquot of soil was taken, acid-leached and processed with similar preconcentration chemistry. The MDA using this approach was ?0.03 pCi/g (1.1 mBq/g)/, which is less than the 0.05-0.10 pCi/g {sup 90}Sr levels found in soil as a result of global fallout. The chemical yields observed for the Japanese soil samples was typically 75-80% and the laboratory control sample (LCS) and matrix spike (MS) results looked very good for this work Individual QC results were well within the ± 25% acceptable range and the average of these results does not show significant bias. Additional data for a radiostrontium in soil method for 50 gram samples will also be presented, which appears to be a significant step forward based on looking at the current literature, with higher chemical yields for even larger sample aliquots and lower MDA [5, 6, 7] Hou et al surveyed a wide range of separation methods for Pu in waters and environmental solid samples [8]. While there are many actinide methods in the scientific literature, few would be considered rapid due to the tedious and time-consuming steps involved. For actinide analyses in soil, a new rapid method for the determination of actinide isotopes in soil samples using both alpha spectrometry and inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry was employed. The new rapid soil method utilizes an acid leaching method, iron/titanium hydroxide precipitation, a lanthanum fluoride soil matrix removal step, and a rapid column separation process with TEVA Resin. The large soil matrix is removed easily and rapidly using these two simple precipitations with high chemical recoveries and effective removal of interferences. [9, 10] Vacuum box technology and rapid flow rates were used to reduce analytical time. Challenges associated with the mineral content in the volcanic soil will be discussed. Air filter samples were reported within twenty-four (24) hours of receipt using rapid te

Maxwell, Sherrod L.; Culligan, Brian K.; Hutchison, Jay B. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Building 735-B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Building 735-B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

DISPLAYING AND INTERPRETING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY ANALYSES ON MUDLOG  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DISPLAYING AND INTERPRETING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY ANALYSES ON MUDLOG DISPLAYING AND INTERPRETING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY ANALYSES ON MUDLOG GRAPHS Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: DISPLAYING AND INTERPRETING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY ANALYSES ON MUDLOG GRAPHS Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: This is the fourth paper in a series on developing fluid inclusion stratigraphy (FIS) as a logging tool for geothermal bore holes. Here we address methods of displaying analyses and plotting gas ratios used for data interpretation on mudlog plots. The goal is to develop a rapid method of data display and interpretation for the up to 10,000 analyses returned by a geothermal well FIS analysis. Author(s): Norman, D.I.; Dilley, L.M.; McCulloch, J. Published: PROCEEDINGS, Thirtieth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir

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341

Description of Transmutation Library for Fuel Cycle System Analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the Transmutation Library that is used in Fuel Cycle System Analyses. This version replaces the 2008 version.[Piet2008] The Transmutation Library has the following objectives: • Assemble past and future transmutation cases for system analyses. • For each case, assemble descriptive information such as where the case was documented, the purpose of the calculation, the codes used, source of feed material, transmutation parameters, and the name of files that contain raw or source data. • Group chemical elements so that masses in separation and waste processes as calculated in dynamic simulations or spreadsheets reflect current thinking of those processes. For example, the CsSr waste form option actually includes all Group 1A and 2A elements. • Provide mass fractions at input (charge) and output (discharge) for each case. • Eliminate the need for either “fission product other” or “actinide other” while conserving mass. Assessments of waste and separation cannot use “fission product other” or “actinide other” as their chemical behavior is undefined. • Catalog other isotope-specific information in one place, e.g., heat and dose conversion factors for individual isotopes. • Describe the correlations for how input and output compositions change as a function of UOX burnup (for LWR UOX fuel) or fast reactor (FR) transuranic (TRU) conversion ratio (CR) for either FR-metal or FR-oxide. This document therefore includes the following sections: • Explanation of the data set information, i.e., the data that describes each case. In no case are all of the data presented in the Library included in previous documents. In assembling the Library, we return to raw data files to extract the case and isotopic data, into the specified format. • Explanation of which isotopes and elements are tracked. For example, the transition metals are tracked via the following: two Zr isotopes, Zr-other, Tc99, Tc-other, two Mo-Ru-Rh-Pd isotopes, Mo-Ru-Rh-Pd-other, four other specific TM isotopes, and TM-other. Mo-Ru-Rh-Pd are separated because their content constrains the loading of waste in glass, so we have to know the mass of those elements independent of others. • Rules for collapsing long lists of isotopes (~1000) to the 81 items in the library. For each tracked isotope, we define which short-lived isotopes’ mass (at t=0) is included with the mass of the tracked isotope at t=0, which short-lived radioactive progeny must be accounted for when the tracked isotope decays, and to which of the other 80 items the mass of the tracked isotope goes when it decays. • Explanation of where raw data files can be found on the fuel cycle data portal. • Explanation of generic cross section sets • Explanation of isotope-specific parameters such as heat and dose conversion factors • Explanation of the LWR UOX burnup and FR TRU CR correlations.

Steven J. Piet; Samuel E. Bays; Edward A. Hoffman

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Object-oriented programming for the biosciences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Ecol. Model., 58(1-4), 55-89. Shin,D.-G., Lee.C, Zhang.J., Rudd.K.E. and Berg,C.M. (1992) Rede- signing, implementing and integrating Eschericia coli genome software tools with an object-oriented database system. Comput......

W. Wiechert; B. Joksch; R. Wittig; A. Hartbrich; T. Höner; M. Möllney

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Object Oriented Artificial Neural Network Implementations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Object Oriented Artificial Neural Network Implementations W. Curt Lefebvre Jose C. Principe Neuro artificial neural networks (ANNs). The conven- tion for ANN simulation has been a direct implementation to develop a graphical artificial neural network simulation environment motivated towards the pro- cessing

Slatton, Clint

344

Creating a programmable object storage stack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current file system and storage stack is restricted in the amount of information that flows from application to storage and from storage to application. This limits the ability of applications to tailor the storage system to particular needs of the ... Keywords: filesystems, object storage

Orko Momin, Cengiz Karakoyunlu, Michael T. Runde, John A. Chandy

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Objective Bayesian Analysis of Spatially Correlated Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Objective Bayesian Analysis of Spatially Correlated Data James O. Berger a , Victor De Oliveira b the reference prior is improper. An illustration is given using a spatial data set of topographic elevations #12;elds are powerful probabilistic tools for modeling spatial data and making inference about

West, Mike

346

Object Detection Combining Recognition and Segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

segmentation. There are two main steps in this method: a hypothesis generation step and a verification step. In the top-down hy- pothesis generation step, we design an improved Shape Context feature, which is more. We develop an object detection method combining top-down recog- nition with bottom-up image

Plotkin, Joshua B.

347

MACHO (MAssive Compact Halo Objects) Data  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The primary aim of the MACHO Project is to test the hypothesis that a significant fraction of the dark matter in the halo of the Milky Way is made up of objects like brown dwarfs or planets: these objects have come to be known as MACHOs, for MAssive Compact Halo Objects. The signature of these objects is the occasional amplification of the light from extragalactic stars by the gravitational lens effect. The amplification can be large, but events are extremely rare: it is necessary to monitor photometrically several million stars for a period of years in order to obtain a useful detection rate. For this purpose MACHO has a two channel system that employs eight CCDs, mounted on the 50 inch telescope at Mt. Stromlo. The high data rate (several GBytes per night) is accommodated by custom electronics and on-line data reduction. The Project has taken more than 27,000 images with this system since June 1992. Analysis of a subset of these data has yielded databases containing light curves in two colors for 8 million stars in the LMC and 10 million in the bulge of the Milky Way. A search for microlensing has turned up four candidates toward the Large Magellanic Cloud and 45 toward the Galactic Bulge. The web page for data provides links to MACHO Project data portals and various specialized interfaces for viewing or searching the data. (Specialized Interface)

348

Homodyne impulse radar hidden object locator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electromagnetic detector is designed to locate an object hidden behind a separator or a cavity within a solid object. The detector includes a PRF generator for generating 2 MHz pulses, a homodyne oscillator for generating a 2 kHz square wave, and for modulating the pulses from the PRF generator. A transmit antenna transmits the modulated pulses through the separator, and a receive antenna receives the signals reflected off the object. The receiver path of the detector includes a sample and hold circuit, an AC coupled amplifier which filters out DC bias level shifts in the sample and hold circuit, and a rectifier circuit connected to the homodyne oscillator and to the AC coupled amplifier, for synchronously rectifying the modulated pulses transmitted over the transmit antenna. The homodyne oscillator modulates the signal from the PRF generator with a continuous wave (CW) signal, and the AC coupled amplifier operates with a passband centered on that CW signal. The present detector can be used in several applications, including the detection of metallic and non-metallic objects, such as pipes, studs, joists, nails, rebars, conduits and electrical wiring, behind wood wall, ceiling, plywood, particle board, dense hardwood, masonry and cement structure. The detector is portable, light weight, simple to use, inexpensive, and has a low power emission which facilitates the compliance with Part 15 of the FCC rules.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Oil To Biofuels Case Study Objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil To Biofuels Case Study Objectives - Critically evaluate the nature of certain societal process and scientific solutions to problems. Inception. - Gulf Oil Spill case study. - Lawrence Livermore? - Estimate the amount of your biofuel required to replace a fossil fuel of your choice (coal, oil, etc

Auerbach, Scott M.

350

Data quality objectives for PUREX deactivation flushing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Data Quality Objection (DQO) defines the sampling and analysis requirements necessary to support the deactivation of the Plutonium-Uranium Extraction (PUREX) facility vessels that are regulated by WAC 173-303. Specifically, sampling and analysis requirements are identified for the flushing operations that are a major element of PUREX deactivation.

Bhatia, R.K.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

description of the complete inputs see "Model Documentation for the MiniCAM" (Brenkert, Smith, Kim, and Pitcher, 2003). Case Studies Examples of how Object-Oriented Energy,...

352

Application of Developed APCVD Transparent Conducting Oxides and Undercoat Technologies for Economical OLED Lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economics is a key factor for application of organic light emitting diodes (OLED) in general lighting relative to OLED flat panel displays that can handle high cost materials such as indium tin oxide (ITO) or Indium zinc oxide (IZO) as the transparent conducting oxide (TCO) on display glass. However, for OLED lighting to penetrate into general illumination, economics and sustainable materials are critical. The issues with ITO have been documented at the DOE SSL R&D and Manufacturing workshops for the last 5 years and the issue is being exaserbated by export controls from China (one of the major sources of elemental indium). Therefore, ITO is not sustainable because of the fluctuating costs and the United States (US) dependency on other nations such as China. Numerous alternatives to ITO/IZO are being evaluated such as Ag nanoparticles/nanowires, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and other metal oxides. Of these other metal oxides, doped zinc oxide has attracted a lot of attention over the last 10 years. The volume of zinc mined is a factor of 80,000 greater than indium and the US has significant volumes of zinc mined domestically, resulting in the ability for the US to be self-sufficient for this element that can be used in optoelectonic applications. The costs of elemental zinc is over 2 orders of magnitude less than indium, reflecting the relative abundance and availablility of the elements. Arkema Inc. and an international primary glass manufacturing company, which is located in the United States, have developed doped zinc oxide technology for solar control windows. The genesis of this DOE SSL project was to determine if doped zinc oxide technology can be taken from the commodity based window market and translate the technology to OLED lighting. Thus, Arkema Inc. sought out experts, Philips Lighting, Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL) and National Renewable Research Laboratories (NREL), in OLED devices and brought them into the project. This project had a clear focus on economics and the work plan focused both on doped ZnO process and OLED device structure that would be consistent with the new TCO. The team successfully made 6 inch OLEDs with a serial construction. More process development is required to optimize commercial OLED structures. Feasibility was demonstrated on two different light extraction technologies: 1/4 lambda refractive index matching and high-low-high band pass filter. Process development was also completed on the key precursors for the TCO, which are ready for pilot-plant scale-up. Subsequently, Arkema has developed a cost of ownership model that is consistent with DOE SSL R&D Manufacturing targets as outlined in the DOE SSL R&D Manufacturing 2010 report. The overall outcome of this project was the demonstration that doped zinc oxide can be used for OLED devices without a drop-off in performance while gaining the economic and sustainable benefits of a more readily available TCO. The broad impact of this project, is the facilitation of OLED lighting market penetration into general illumination, resulting in significant energy savings, decreased greenhouse emissions, with no environmental impact issues such as mercury found in Fluorescent technology.

Gary Silverman; Bluhm, Martin; Coffey, James; Korotkov, Roman; Polsz, Craig; Salemi, Alexandre; Smith, Robert; Smith, Ryan; Stricker, Jeff; Xu,Chen; Shirazi, Jasmine; Papakonstantopulous, George; Carson, Steve Philips Lighting GmbH Goldman, Claudia; Hartmann, Sören; Jessen, Frank; Krogmann, Bianca; Rickers, Christoph; Ruske, Manfred, Schwab, Holger; Bertram, Dietrich

2011-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

353

The IRMIS object model and services API.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relational model developed for the Integrated Relational Model of Installed Systems (IRMIS) toolkit has been successfully used to capture the Advanced Photon Source (APS) control system software (EPICS process variables and their definitions). The relational tables are populated by a crawler script that parses each Input/Output Controller (IOC) start-up file when an IOC reboot is detected. User interaction is provided by a Java Swing application that acts as a desktop for viewing the process variable information. Mapping between the display objects and the relational tables was carried out with the Hibernate Object Relational Modeling (ORM) framework. Work is well underway at the APS to extend the relational modeling to include control system hardware. For this work, due in part to the complex user interaction required, the primary application development environment has shifted from the relational database view to the object oriented (Java) perspective. With this approach, the business logic is executed in Java rather than in SQL stored procedures. This paper describes the object model used to represent control system software, hardware, and interconnects in IRMIS. We also describe the services API used to encapsulate the required behaviors for creating and maintaining the complex data. In addition to the core schema and object model, many important concepts in IRMIS are captured by the services API. IRMIS is an ambitious collaborative effort for defining and developing a relational database and associated applications to comprehensively document the large and complex EPICS-based control systems of today's accelerators. The documentation effort includes process variables, control system hardware, and interconnections. The approach could also be used to document all components of the accelerator, including mechanical, vacuum, power supplies, etc. One key aspect of IRMIS is that it is a documentation framework, not a design and development tool. We do not generate EPICS control system configurations from IRMIS, and hence do not impose any additional requirements on EPICS developers.

Saunders, C.; Dohan, D. A.; Arnold, N. D.; Accelerator Systems Division (APS)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Small object transporter. [Patent: for objects 0. 01 to 2. 00 mm dia  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a small object transporter. Gas is passed through a conduit having a venturi. Small objects are picked up at a first location by a pickup tube in communication with the venturi and are forced out one end of the conduit at a desired second location.

Winkler, M.A.

1980-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

355

Object-oriented software development effort prediction using design patterns from object interaction analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-like approach, named Pattern Point, which was conceived to estimate the size of object-oriented products using the design patterns found in object interaction modeling from the late OO analysis phase. In particular, two measures are proposed (PP1 and PP2...

Adekile, Olusegun

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

356

Efficient data exchange: Integrating a vector GIS with an object-oriented, 3-D visualization system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A common problem encountered in Geographic Information System (GIS) modeling is the exchange of data between different software packages to best utilize the unique features of each package. This paper describes a project to integrate two systems through efficient data exchange. The first is a widely used GIS based on a relational data model. This system has a broad set of data input, processing, and output capabilities, but lacks three-dimensional (3-D) visualization and certain modeling functions. The second system is a specialized object-oriented package designed for 3-D visualization and modeling. Although this second system is useful for subsurface modeling and hazardous waste site characterization, it does not provide many of the, capabilities of a complete GIS. The system-integration project resulted in an easy-to-use program to transfer information between the systems, making many of the more complex conversion issues transparent to the user. The strengths of both systems are accessible, allowing the scientist more time to focus on analysis. This paper details the capabilities of the two systems, explains the technical issues associated with data exchange and how they were solved, and outlines an example analysis project that used the integrated systems.

Kuiper, J.; Ayers, A.; Johnson, R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Tolbert-Smith, M. [USDOE Germantown, Maryland (United States). Office of Program Integration

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Help:SubObjects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SubObjects SubObjects Jump to: navigation, search Subobjects are a nifty way to create any number sets of fields on a page. For example, you might have pages describing movies, the actors in them and reviews. The basic information about the movie just goes in the movie template. The actors can be combined into a single field and their information looked up as needed (you'd have a different type of page for each actor). But for the reviews, you want to have the person making the review, the number of stars, the actual review, and maybe something else. Having a separate page for each review just doesn't make sense - that's where subobjects come in. The subobject would be the combination of required fields (name, stars, review) and people could easily add another review right from the form. And as you'll see, you can do things like

358

Chemistry of Low Mass Substellar Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Brown dwarfs" is the collective name for objects more massive than giant planets such as Jupiter but less massive than M dwarf stars. This review gives a brief description of the classification and chemistry of low mass dwarfs. The current spectral classification of stars includes L and T dwarfs that encompass the coolest known stars and substellar objects. The relatively low atmospheric temperatures and high total pressures in substellar dwarfs lead to molecular gas and condensate chemistry. The chemistry of elements such as C, N, O, Ti, V, Fe, Cr, and the alkali elements play a dominant role in shaping the optical and infrared spectra of the "failed" stars. Chemical diagnostics for the subclassifications are described.

Katharina Lodders; Bruce Fegley, Jr

2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

359

Vehicle for carrying an object of interest  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A vehicle for carrying an object of interest across a supporting surface including a frame having opposite first and second ends; a first pair of wheels fixedly mounted on the first end of the frame; a second pair of wheels pivotally mounted on the second end of the frame; and a pair of motors borne by the frame, each motor disposed in driving relation relative to one of the pairs of wheels, the motors propelling the vehicle across the supporting surface. 8 figs.

Zollinger, W.T.; Ferrante, T.A.

1998-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

360

Infrared system for monitoring movement of objects  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for monitoring moving objects, such as the flight of honeybees and other insects, using a pulsed laser light source. This system has a self-powered micro-miniaturized transmitting unit powered, in the preferred embodiment, with an array solar cells. This transmitting unit is attached to the object to be monitored. These solar cells provide current to a storage energy capacitor to produce, for example, five volts for the operation of the transmitter. In the simplest embodiment, the voltage on the capacitor operates a pulse generator to provide a pulsed energizing signal to one or more very small laser diodes. The pulsed light is then received at a receiving base station using substantially standard means which converts the light to an electrical signal for processing in a microprocessor to create the information as to the movement of the object. In the case of a unit for monitoring honeybees and other insects, the transmitting unit weighs less than 50 mg, and has a size no larger than 1.times.3.times.5 millimeters. Also, the preferred embodiment provides for the coding of the light to uniquely identify the particular transmitting unit that is being monitored. A "wake-up" circuit is provided in the preferred embodiment whereby there is no transmission until the voltage on the capacitor has exceeded a pre-set threshold. Various other uses of the motion-detection system are described.

Valentine, Kenneth H. (San Diego, CA); Falter, Diedre D. (Knoxville, TN); Falter, Kelly G. (Knoxville, TN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Infrared system for monitoring movement of objects  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system is described for monitoring moving objects, such as the flight of honeybees and other insects, using a pulsed laser light source. This system has a self-powered micro-miniaturized transmitting unit powered, in the preferred embodiment, with an array of solar cells. This transmitting unit is attached to the object to be monitored. These solar cells provide current to a storage energy capacitor to produce, for example, five volts for the operation of the transmitter. In the simplest embodiment, the voltage on the capacitor operates a pulse generator to provide a pulsed energizing signal to one or more very small laser diodes. The pulsed light is then received at a receiving base station using substantially standard means which converts the light to an electrical signal for processing in a microprocessor to create the information as to the movement of the object. In the case of a unit for monitoring honeybees and other insects, the transmitting unit weighs less than 50 mg, and has a size no larger than 1[times]3[times]5 millimeters. Also, the preferred embodiment provides for the coding of the light to uniquely identify the particular transmitting unit that is being monitored. A wake-up' circuit is provided in the preferred embodiment whereby there is no transmission until the voltage on the capacitor has exceeded a pre-set threshold. Various other uses of the motion-detection system are described. 4 figures.

Valentine, K.H.; Falter, D.D.; Falter, K.G.

1991-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

362

Objective analysis of toolmarks in forensics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the 1993 court case of Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. the subjective nature of toolmark comparison has been questioned by attorneys and law enforcement agencies alike. This has led to an increased drive to establish objective comparison techniques with known error rates, much like those that DNA analysis is able to provide. This push has created research in which the 3-D surface profile of two different marks are characterized and the marks’ cross-sections are run through a comparative statistical algorithm to acquire a value that is intended to indicate the likelihood of a match between the marks. The aforementioned algorithm has been developed and extensively tested through comparison of evenly striated marks made by screwdrivers. However, this algorithm has yet to be applied to quasi-striated marks such as those made by the shear edge of slip-joint pliers. The results of this algorithm’s application to the surface of copper wire will be presented. Objective mark comparison also extends to comparison of toolmarks made by firearms. In an effort to create objective comparisons, microstamping of firing pins and breech faces has been introduced. This process involves placing unique alphanumeric identifiers surrounded by a radial code on the surface of firing pins, which transfer to the cartridge’s primer upon firing. Three different guns equipped with microstamped firing pins were used to fire 3000 cartridges. These cartridges are evaluated based on the clarity of their alphanumeric transfers and the clarity of the radial code surrounding the alphanumerics.

Grieve, Taylor N. [Ames Laboratory

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Revised accident progression and risk analyses for NUREG-1150  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary III PRA analyses that support preparation of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Reactor Risk Reference Document (NUREG-1150) have been conducted at Sandia National Laboratories for four plants: Surry, Sequoyah, Peach Bottom and Grand Gulf. Brookhaven National Laboratories conducted the analysis for the Zion plant. Review of the preliminary analyses produced comments and criticisms from two committees (Kouts Committee and Kastenberg Committee), from industry, and from a variety of other sources. As a result, the final analyses currently under way at Sandia and Brookhaven will contain several improvements over the preliminary analyses. Of these the most significant improvement is in the methodology used to elicit expert opinion concerning highly uncertain questions about severe accident phenomena. 17 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Gorham-Bergeron, E.D.; Haskin, F.E.; Hora, S.C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Analyse des erreurs orthographiques des étudiants iraniens en langue française.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??L’objectif de cette recherche consiste à décrire les types d’erreurs d’orthographe des étudiants iraniens en langue française et à mener une analyse qualitative et quantitative… (more)

Katoozian, Katayoon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

A Retarding-Accelerating Energy Analyser for SIMS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is well known that secondary ion energy spectra can give us much interesting information. As a very high energy resolution is not needed for most cases, the retarding-accelerating energy analyser (derived from...

Cha Liang-Zhen; Xue Zu-Qing; Zheng Zhao-Jia…

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Abstract LB-317: Interactive pipeline for reproducible genomics analyses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Interactive pipeline for reproducible genomics analyses Michael Considine 1 Hilary S...Jersey, Ewing Township, NJ. Automated Genomics Analysis (AGA) is a program to analyze...to interactively perform reproducible genomics analysis using clinical covariates in...

Michael Considine; Hilary S. Parker; Yingying Wei; Xiao X. Xia; Leslie Cope; Michael F. Ochs; Elana J. Fertig

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Object-oriented inventory classes: Comparison of implementations in KEE and CLOS (Common Lisp Object System)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The modeling of manufacturing processes can be cast in a form which relies heavily on stores to and draws from object-oriented inventories, which contain the functionalities imposed on them by the other objects (including other inventories) in the model. These concepts have been implemented, but with some difficulties, for the particular case of pyrochemical operations at the DOE's Rocky Flats Plant using KEE, a frame-oriented expert system shell. An alternative implementation approach using CLOS (the emerging Common Lisp Object System) has been explored and found to give significant simplifications. 8 refs., 1 fig.

Silbar, R.R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Accelerated safety analyses - structural analyses Phase I - structural sensitivity evaluation of single- and double-shell waste storage tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accelerated Safety Analyses - Phase I (ASA-Phase I) have been conducted to assess the appropriateness of existing tank farm operational controls and/or limits as now stipulated in the Operational Safety Requirements (OSRs) and Operating Specification Documents, and to establish a technical basis for the waste tank operating safety envelope. Structural sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the response of the different waste tank configurations to variations in loading conditions, uncertainties in loading parameters, and uncertainties in material characteristics. Extensive documentation of the sensitivity analyses conducted and results obtained are provided in the detailed ASA-Phase I report, Structural Sensitivity Evaluation of Single- and Double-Shell Waste Tanks for Accelerated Safety Analysis - Phase I. This document provides a summary of the accelerated safety analyses sensitivity evaluations and the resulting findings.

Becker, D.L.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Electromagnetically induced transparency inside the laser cavity: Switch between first-order and second-order phase transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetically induced transparency inside the laser cavity: Switch between first-order and second-order phase transitions Qingqing Sun,1,2 M. Selim Shahriar,3 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,2 1Department of Physics and Institute of Quantum Studies.... #1;b#2; The level structure for the three-level atoms. SUN, SHAHRIAR, AND ZUBAIRY PHYSICAL REVIEW A 78, 013805 #1;2008#2; 013805-2 #6;?ca = ? #1;i#11;ca + #12;ca#2;#6;ca + i2 #5;e i #5;ei#4;#5;t#1;#6;aa ? #6;cc#2; ? i#1;baE#1; 2#8; ei#4;t#6;cb...

Sun, Qingqing; Shahriar, M. Selim; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Methods of forming aluminum oxynitride-comprising bodies, including methods of forming a sheet of transparent armor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention includes methods of forming an aluminum oxynitride-comprising body. For example, a mixture is formed which comprises A:B:C in a respective molar ratio in the range of 9:3.6-6.2:0.1-1.1, where "A" is Al.sub.2O.sub.3, "B" is AlN, and "C" is a total of one or more of B.sub.2O.sub.3, SiO.sub.2, Si--Al--O--N, and TiO.sub.2. The mixture is sintered at a temperature of at least 1,600.degree. C. at a pressure of no greater than 500 psia effective to form an aluminum oxynitride-comprising body which is at least internally transparent and has at least 99% maximum theoretical density.

Chu, Henry Shiu-Hung [Idaho Falls, ID; Lillo, Thomas Martin [Idaho Falls, ID

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

371

Effect of the thickness and hydrogen treatment on the properties of Ga-doped ZnO transparent conductive films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined effects of the thickness and hydrogen post-annealing treatment on the structural, electrical, and optical properties of Ga-doped ZnO (GZO) films were investigated as a potential substitute for indium tin oxide transparent conductive oxide. In the as-deposited films, microstructural evolution initially improved the crystallinity up to the thickness of 160 nm accompanying enhanced electrical and optical properties, but further thickness increase resulted in the deterioration of these properties attributable to the development of ZnGa2O4 and Ga2O3 phases originating from the excessive amount of the Ga dopant. Post-annealing treatment of the GZO films in a hydrogen atmosphere improved the electrical and optical properties substantially through possible reduction of the oxide phases and passivation of the surfaces and grain boundaries. In this case, electrical and optical properties remained almost similar for the thickness above 160 nm indicating that there exists a certain optimal film thickness.

Min-Jung Lee; Jinhyong Lim; Jungsik Bang; Woong Lee; Jae-Min Myoung

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Chapter 14 - Does Asia Really have Poorer Governance? Evidence from International Variations in Self-Dealing Transparency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Prior literature contending that corporate governance in Asia is poor ignores disclosure of self-dealing. This chapter overcomes this deficiency as it examines the determinants of measures against self-dealing in corporate activity in 60 countries, focusing especially on Asian countries controlling for national culture and economic variables. We document that higher self-dealing transparency is positively associated with the Asian region other poorer aspects of governance. We also find that governance disclosure is negatively associated with uncertainty avoidance and positively associated with an English legal origin and greater economic inequality. Given that the Asian region has often been regarded as having poorer governance, our study will be of considerable interest to managers and policy makers.

Raj Aggarwal; John W. Goodell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Hungarian object agreement with personal pronouns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the external argument. Béjar & Rezac (2009:46) suggest that their person licensing constraint (PLC) rules out derivations in which the external argument does not enter into an Agree relation. More generally, the PLC states that a feature F in a feature... -? see-3SG.SUBJ téged. you.SG.ACC ‘S/he sees you.’ (27) raises a question, however: if the subject has to enter an Agree relation (cf. the PLC), why does this not hold for the object? Béjar & Rezac (2009) (among others) relate their person licensing...

Bárány, András

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Time-resolved electron thermal conduction by probing of plasma formation in transparent solids with high power subpicosecond laser pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation work includes a series of experimental measurements in a search for better understanding of high temperature (10{sup 4}-10{sup 6}K) and high density plasmas (10{sup 22}-10{sup 24}cm{sup {minus}3}) produced by irradiating a transparent solid target with high intensity (10{sup 13} - 10{sup 15}W/cm{sup 2}) and subpicosecond (10{sup {minus}12}-10{sup {minus}13}s) laser pulses. Experimentally, pump and probe schemes with both frontside (vacuum-plasma side) and backside (plasma-bulk material side) probes are used to excite and interrogate or probe the plasma evolution, thereby providing useful insights into the plasma formation mechanisms. A series of different experiments has been carried out so as to characterize plasma parameters and the importance of various nonlinear processes. Experimental evidence shows that electron thermal conduction is supersonic in a time scale of the first picosecond after laser irradiation, so fast that it was often left unresolved in the past. The experimental results from frontside probing demonstrate that upon irradiation with a strong (pump) laser pulse, a thin high temperature ({approximately}40eV) super-critical density ({approximately}10{sup 23}/cm{sup 3}) plasma layer is quickly formed at the target surface which in turn becomes strongly reflective and prevents further transmission of the remainder of the laser pulse. In the bulk region behind the surface, it is also found that a large sub-critical ({approximately}10{sup 18}/cm{sup 3}) plasma is produced by inverse Bremsstrahlung absorption and collisional ionization. The bulk underdense plasma is evidenced by large absorption of the backside probe light. A simple and analytical model, modified from the avalanche model, for plasma evolution in transparent materials is proposed to explain the experimental results. Elimination of the bulk plasma is then experimentally illustrated by using targets overcoated with highly absorptive films.

Vu, B.T.V.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Comparative study of the thermal and power performances of a semi-transparent photovoltaic façade under different ventilation modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studied the thermal and power performances of a ventilated photovoltaic façade under different ventilation modes, and appropriate operation strategies for different weather conditions were proposed accordingly to maximize its energy conversion efficiency. This ventilated PV double-skin façade (PV-DSF) consists of an outside layer of semi-transparent amorphous silicon (a-Si) PV laminate, an inward-openable window and a 400 mm airflow cavity. Before installation, the electrical characteristics under standard testing conditions (STC) and the temperature coefficients of the semi-transparent PV module were tested and determined in the laboratory. Field measurements were carried out to investigate the impact of different ventilation modes, namely, ventilated, buoyancy-driven ventilated and non-ventilated, on the thermal and power performances of this PV-DSF. The results show that the ventilated PV-DSF provides the lowest average solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) and the non-ventilated PV-DSF provides the best thermal insulation performance. In terms of power performance, the energy output of the ventilated PV-DSF is greater than those of the buoyancy-driven ventilated and non-ventilated PV-DSFs by 1.9% and 3%, respectively, due to its much lower operating temperature. Based on the experimental results, a conclusion was drawn that the ventilation design can not only reduce the heat gain of PV-DSF but also improve the energy conversion efficiency of PV modules by bringing down their operating temperature. In addition, an optimum operation strategy is recommended for this kind of PV-DSF to maximize its overall energy efficiency under different weather conditions.

Jinqing Peng; Lin Lu; Hongxing Yang; Tao Ma

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Hybrid rapid manufacturing of metallic objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While CNC machining, the subtractive method, is the only option when it comes to high quality components, the need for human intervention to generate the CNC programs makes it a slow and costly route. On the other hand, rapid prototyping (RP), the additive method, is able to convert the design into the physical objects without any human intervention but its total automation comes with compromises in the qualities of geometry and material. A balance between these two extremes is hybrid rapid manufacturing (HRM). In HRM, the near-net shape of the component is built in layers (additive method) and the same is finish-machined (subtractive method). While the priority during material addition is material integrity, the same is on geometric quality during material subtraction. As the focuses in both these steps are different, they are very fast. The existing HRM processes for metallic objects are reviewed in this paper followed by a brief description of ArcHLM under development at IIT Bombay. The generic ArcHLM facility or Hybrid FMS will be able to demonstrate its various applications of for fresh manufacture and repair of tools and components.

K.P. Karunakaran; S. Suryakumar; U. Chandrasekhar; A. Bernard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Thermodynamics of magnetized binary compact objects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Binary systems of compact objects with electromagnetic field are modeled by helically symmetric Einstein-Maxwell spacetimes with charged and magnetized perfect fluids. Previously derived thermodynamic laws for helically symmetric perfect-fluid spacetimes are extended to include the electromagnetic fields, and electric currents and charges; the first law is written as a relation between the change in the asymptotic Noether charge {delta}Q and the changes in the area and electric charge of black holes, and in the vorticity, baryon rest mass, entropy, charge and magnetic flux of the magnetized fluid. Using the conservation laws of the circulation of magnetized flow found by Bekenstein and Oron for the ideal magnetohydrodynamic fluid, and also for the flow with zero conducting current, we show that, for nearby equilibria that conserve the quantities mentioned above, the relation {delta}Q=0 is satisfied. We also discuss a formulation for computing numerical solutions of magnetized binary compact objects in equilibrium with emphasis on a first integral of the ideal magnetohydrodynamic-Euler equation.

Uryu, Koji [Department of Physics, University of the Ryukyus, Senbaru, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213 (Japan); Gourgoulhon, Eric [Laboratoire Univers et Theories, UMR 8102 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Universite Paris Diderot, F-92190 Meudon (France); Markakis, Charalampos [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Post Office Box 413, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

RF-compass: Robot object manipulation using RFIDs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modern robots have to interact with their environment, search for objects, and move them around. Yet, for a robot to pick up an object, it needs to identify the object's orientation and locate it to within centimeter-scale ...

Wang, Jue

379

335Nanostructured ZnO and ZAO transparent thin films by sputteringsurface characterization Corresponding author: M. Suchea, e-mail: mirasuchea@iesl.forth.gr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as transparent electrode in solar cells and flat panel displays as well as for the fabrication of gratings as candidate materials for organic electroluminescence displays [5]. Furthermore, as expected, the physi- cal [8]. Many deposition techniques [1,3,4] have been applied for the production of ZnO films in order

380

Preparation of Highly Transparent TiO2-based Thin Film Photocatalysts by an Ion Engineering Method: Ionized Cluster Beam Deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highly transparent TiO2 and TiO2-based binary oxide (TiO2/SiO2 and TiO2/B2O3) thin films of different TiO2 contents were successfully prepared by using an ion engineering technique as a dry process. These transpa...

Masato Takeuchi; Masakazu Anpo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

T-557: Microsoft Office Excel Office Art Object Parsing Remote...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7: Microsoft Office Excel Office Art Object Parsing Remote Code Execution Vulnerability T-557: Microsoft Office Excel Office Art Object Parsing Remote Code Execution Vulnerability...

382

Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Objectives Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives Many program administrators start "marketing" as soon as they can, without having done the necessary homework to shape their...

383

The role of SEA in integrating and balancing high policy objectives in European cohesion funding programmes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Funding programmes for European cohesion policy are a crucial tool to support the sustainability goals of the European Union and national policies of its member states. All these funding programmes require a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) to enhance sustainable development. This article compares five first SEA applications at cohesion policy level to discuss challenges, limitations and benefits of this instrument. In order to support the SEA-process a 'Handbook on SEA for Cohesion Policy 2007-13' (GRDP 2006) was developed. The paper examines the special requirements and challenges at the programme level given the special conditions for stakeholder involvement, integration of SEA in the programme development process and strategies to cope with uncertainties to ensure real compatibility with policy goals. Using action research and in-depth interviews with SEA planners and programme managers enabled us to analyse the suitability of the methodology proposed by the handbook. The results show that some recommendations of the handbook should be changed in order to increase the transparency and to enhance the standard and comparability of the SEA-documents. Overall the SEA proved to be a rather successful tool for the integration of sustainability goals at the EU and national policy levels. Its particular strengths emerged as the process makes uncertainties visible and leads to possible redefinitions while maintaining actual policy goals. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Comparing five case studies of first applications of SEA at cohesion policy level. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Overall the SEA proved to be a rather successful tool for the integration of sustainability goals. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The study makes uncertainties visible and shows how SEA could lead to possible redefinitions.

Jiricka, Alexandra, E-mail: alexandra.jiricka@boku.ac.at; Proebstl, Ulrike, E-mail: ulrike.proebstl@boku.ac.at

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

Magnetic levitation system for moving objects  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Repelling magnetic forces are produced by the interaction of a flux-concentrated magnetic field (produced by permanent magnets or electromagnets) with an inductively loaded closed electric circuit. When one such element moves with respect to the other, a current is induced in the circuit. This current then interacts back on the field to produce a repelling force. These repelling magnetic forces are applied to magnetically levitate a moving object such as a train car. The power required to levitate a train of such cars is drawn from the motional energy of the train itself, and typically represents only a percent or two of the several megawatts of power required to overcome aerodynamic drag at high speeds. 7 figs.

Post, R.F.

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

385

Magnetic levitation system for moving objects  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Repelling magnetic forces are produced by the interaction of a flux-concentrated magnetic field (produced by permanent magnets or electromagnets) with an inductively loaded closed electric circuit. When one such element moves with respect to the other, a current is induced in the circuit. This current then interacts back on the field to produce a repelling force. These repelling magnetic forces are applied to magnetically levitate a moving object such as a train car. The power required to levitate a train of such cars is drawn from the motional energy of the train itself, and typically represents only a percent or two of the several megawatts of power required to overcome aerodynamic drag at high speeds.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Fragment Mass Distribution of Platelike Objects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fragment mass distributions of platelike objects are investigated by conducting two types of experiments. The first is a {open_quotes}sandwich{close_quote}{close_quote} experiment in which thin glass and plaster plates are inserted between two larger stainless steel plates and an iron projectile is dropped onto the target plate at normal incidence. The second is a {open_quotes}lateral impact{close_quote}{close_quote} experiment in which a hypervelocity nylon projectile collides at the side of the plaster plates. There is a discrepancy in the power-law exponent of fragment mass distribution between the sandwich experiment and the lateral impact experiment. A model that agrees with the experimental results is proposed. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Kadono, T. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa 229 (Japan)] [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa 229 (Japan); [and Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 (Japan)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

NREL: State and Local Activities - Clean Energy Policy Analyses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Clean Energy Policy Analyses Clean Energy Policy Analyses Want notifications of new reports and data? Subscribe to E-mail Updates NREL's Clean Energy Policy Analyses (CEPA) project seeks to quantify the connection between state and local policies and clean energy market development, and analyze the impacts of state policy on decision makers. The project brings together U.S. state and local policy stakeholders to consider all of the factors that make up effective state and local energy policies and to identify barriers that impede them. Learn more about clean energy policy basics and CEPA's activities to analyze: State policies Region-specific policies Local policies Innovative policies. This NREL-managed project is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program. A voluntary technical

388

The Foreseer Tool - Analysing Energy, Land and Water Resource Futures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Foreseer Tool - Analysing Energy, Land and Water Resource Futures The Foreseer Tool - Analysing Energy, Land and Water Resource Futures through Sankey Diagrams Speaker(s): Bojana Bajzelj Grant Kopec Julian Allwood Liz Curmi Date: November 10, 2011 - 1:30pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Anita Estner Larry Dale The BP funded Foreseer project at the University of Cambridge is creating a tool to visualise the influence of future demand and policy choices on the coupled physical requirements for energy, water and land resources in a region of interest. The basis of the tool is a set of linked physical descriptions of energy, water and land, plus the technologies that transform those resources into final services - e.g. housing, food, transport and goods. The tool has a modular structure, with the potential to incorporate specialised analyses or models to calculate future demand,

389

Interpretation of chemical analyses of waters collected from two geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interpretation of chemical analyses of waters collected from two geothermal Interpretation of chemical analyses of waters collected from two geothermal wells at Coso, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Interpretation of chemical analyses of waters collected from two geothermal wells at Coso, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Wellhead and downhole water samples were collected and analyzed from a 114.3-m well at Coso Hot Springs (Coso No. 1) and a 1477-m well (CGEH No. 1) 3.2 km to the west. The same chloride concentration is present in hot waters entering both wells (about 2350 mg/kg), indicating that a hot-water-dominated geothermal system is present. The maximum measured temperatures are 142 degrees C in the Coso No. 1 well and 195 degrees C in the CGEH No. 1 well. Cation and sulfate isotope geothermometers indicate

390

Chemical analyses and preliminary interpretation of waters collected from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

analyses and preliminary interpretation of waters collected from analyses and preliminary interpretation of waters collected from the CGEH No. 1 geothermal well at Coso, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Chemical analyses and preliminary interpretation of waters collected from the CGEH No. 1 geothermal well at Coso, California Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: The chloride-rich water obtained in 1967 from the shallow (114.3 m) Coso Hot Springs well No. 1 comes from a deep aquifer with a temperature at least as high as about 240 C and possibly higher than 275 C. Similar, but slightly diluted and cooled chloride-rich water enters the 1477-meter deep CGEH No. 1 well drilled in 1977 about 3.2 km to the west of the 1967 well. From the data in hand the Coso geothermal system appears to be a hot

391

Functional Area Qualification Standard Job Task Analyses | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Services » Assistance » Federal Technical Capability Program » Services » Assistance » Federal Technical Capability Program » Functional Area Qualification Standard Job Task Analyses Functional Area Qualification Standard Job Task Analyses DOE Aviation Manager DOE Aviation Safety Officer Chemical Processing Civil/Structural Engineering Confinement Ventilation and Process Gas Treatment Construction Management Deactivation and Decommissioning Electrical Systems and Safety Oversight Emergency Management Environmental Compliance Environmental Restoration Facility Representative Fire Protection Engineering General Technical Base Industrial Hygiene Instrument and Controls NNSA Package Certification Engineer Nuclear Explosive Safety Study Nuclear Safety Specialist Quality Assurance Radiation Protection Safeguards and Security Safeguards and Security General Technical Base

392

Tornado identification from analyses of digital radar data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Yukon, 40 km north- west of NSSL. Later, a cell to the northwest of Oklahoma City developed to str'ong intensity and a funnel cloud was reported over Tinker AFB at 1930 CST. Hist~or of the Yukon Storm During the afternoon, the squall line moved... signature 1n analyses of digital radar data from ceni;ra 1 Oklahoma during the Spring. The data were collected by the l0-cm WSR-57 radar at the National Severe S torms Laboratory at Ilorman, Oklahoma. Three types of numerical analyses were used in th1s...

Pittman, Donald Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

393

Utilization of neutron activation analysis in groundwater analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although work at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Nuclear Reactor Laboratory is basically research oriented, over the past number of years, numerous neutron activation analyses (NAAs) have been performed for commercial purposes. This has been true particularly in cases where other analytical techniques have been found to be insufficient or in cases where special sample considerations are involved. The requests for these analyses came from a wide range of institutions, including government laboratories, medical centers, utilities, and commercial companies. In most cases, instrumental NAA (INAA) was the method of choice because of the method's extremely low detection limits, multielement characteristics, nondestructive nature, and ability to work with different sample sizes.

Beal, J.W. (Fairfield Univ., CT (United States)); Olmez, I. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Objectives of the Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Engineering at NJIT Objective A) The overall educational objective of the Bachelor of Science Biomedical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Objectives of the Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Engineering at NJIT Objective A) The overall educational objective of the Bachelor of Science Biomedical Engineering Program is to prepare students for productive careers related broadly to biomedical engineering. It is anticipated that BME graduates

Bieber, Michael

395

Comparison of the IOFFE neutral particle analyser with the Princeton analyser on the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Charge exchange-neutral particle analysis (CX-NPA) will be applied for determining the ion temperature in the stellarator Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X), which is under construction, now, at the Max-Planck-Institute of Plasma Physics, Greifswald, Germany. Three ACORD-type analyser and one compact analyser (CNPA) are foreseen for the active NPA diagnostics at W7-X, i.e. NPA in combination with a 60 keV neutral beam injector, thus enabling locally resolved CX-NPA measurements. For an intermediate period the CNPA is now installed on the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) in Culham Science Centre, UK. The arrangement of the CNPA on MAST and results of energy spectra of plasma ions in MAST are presented. They are in a good agreement with measurements by the Princeton particle analyser.

W. Schneider; M.R. Turnyanskiy; F.V. Chernyshev; V.I. Afanasyev; M. Kick; T. Richert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Understanding objects in use-oriented Olav W. Bertelsen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. One of the basic concepts in object-orientation is physical modelling, i.e. structuring computer is an investigation into the relation between use-oriented design and object-oriented methods. Based on the notions of boundary objects, it is argued that object-oriented descriptions should be understood as transformations

Bertelsen, Olav W.

397

Lead isotope analyses on Late Republican sling bullets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forty-two lead objects (mainly sling bullets) from archaeological sites in Spain and Italy, dating into the late Roman Republican period, two ore samples from Portman (Cartagena region) and one further ore sam...

R. Müller; G. P. Brey; H.-M. Seitz; S. Klein

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Cost Analyses of Fuel Cell Stacks/Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Analyses of Fuel Cell Stacks/Systems DE-FC02-99EE50587 TIAX LLC Acorn Park Cambridge in the development of fuel cell system technologies by providing cost and manufacturing analysis. · To develop ­ Presented results to the fuel cell industry for feedback and incorporated this into a revised baseline cost

399

Analysing Web-Orchestrations Under Stress Using Uncertainty Profiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Section A ORIGINAL ARTICLES Analysing Web-Orchestrations Under Stress Using Uncertainty...In practice, the responsiveness of a web-service fluctuates with demand; during...effects of stress on an orchestration of web-services; it describes a strategic situation......

Joaquim Gabarro; Maria Serna; Alan Stewart

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

The tropopause inversion layer in models and analyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in data assimilation mode CMAM exhibits a much weaker TIL, especially in the Southern Hemisphere where only coarse satellite data are available. The discrepancy between the analyses and the GCM is thus hypothesized to be mainly due to data assimilation acting to smooth the observed strong curvature

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

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401

Analysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Contents List of Publications 7 Abbreviations 9 1 Introduction 11 1.1 Climate change and the foodAnalysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication Elin Röös Faculty of Food. Insights for Consumer Communication. Abstract In Europe, food consumption is responsible

402

Journal self-citations -analysing the JIF mechanism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

perpetuate one's interpretations or opinions of specific research findings or general constructs. According it to their journal's advantage (Jennings, 2001). Miller (2002), Neuberger & Counsell (2002) and Sevinc (2004) all-citations in analyses and evaluations has been discussed heavily and relates to how we should interpret self

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

403

2010 oil spill: trajectory projections based on ensemble drifter analyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 oil spill: trajectory projections based on ensemble drifter analyses Yu-Lin Chang & Leo Oey # Springer-Verlag 2011 Abstract An accurate method for long-term (weeks to months) projections of oil spill released at the northern Gulf of Mexico spill site is demonstrated during the 2010 oil spill

404

PROBLEM APPLICATIONS: EXERCISE SESSION ON ANALYSES OF EXTREMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROBLEM APPLICATIONS: EXERCISE SESSION ON ANALYSES OF EXTREMES Rick Katz Institute for Study exercises) serves as a companion to the lecture by Richard Smith on Extreme Value Theory. It consists of two parts, the first focuses on climate applications of extreme value theory under stationarity, the second

Katz, Richard

405

Next-generation tools for evolutionary invasion analyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW Next-generation tools for evolutionary invasion analyses Amy Hurford1,*, Daniel Cownden1 on so-called `next-generation' matrices. Although this next-generation matrix approach has sometimes to a wider evolutionary audience in two ways. First, we review the next-generation matrix approach

Day, Troy

406

Enabling Detailed Energy Analyses via the Technology Performance Exchange: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the key tenets to increasing adoption of energy efficiency solutions in the built environment is improving confidence in energy performance. Current industry practices make extensive use of predictive modeling, often via the use of sophisticated hourly or sub-hourly energy simulation programs, to account for site-specific parameters (e.g., climate zone, hours of operation, and space type) and arrive at a performance estimate. While such methods are highly precise, they invariably provide less than ideal accuracy due to a lack of high-quality, foundational energy performance input data. The Technology Performance Exchange was constructed to allow the transparent sharing of foundational, product-specific energy performance data, and leverages significant, external engineering efforts and a modular architecture to efficiently identify and codify the minimum information necessary to accurately predict product energy performance. This strongly-typed database resource represents a novel solution to a difficult and established problem. One of the most exciting benefits is the way in which the Technology Performance Exchange's application programming interface has been leveraged to integrate contributed foundational data into the Building Component Library. Via a series of scripts, data is automatically translated and parsed into the Building Component Library in a format that is immediately usable to the energy modeling community. This paper (1) presents a high-level overview of the project drivers and the structure of the Technology Performance Exchange; (2) offers a detailed examination of how technologies are incorporated and translated into powerful energy modeling code snippets; and (3) examines several benefits of this robust workflow.

Studer, D.; Fleming, K.; Lee, E.; Livingood, W.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

GAO report recommends review of goals, objectives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article highlights a recent GAO study titled Nuclear Waste: Yucca Mountain Project Behind Schedule and Facing Major Scientific Uncertainties. The study was undertaken at the request of the former chairman of the Subcommittee on Nuclear Regulation, the predecessor of the current Subcommittee on Clean Air and Nuclear Regulation of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. The report concludes that the level of funding DOE is requesting is not adequate to complete the goals of the project within the established timeline, and questions whether the changes being recommended by DOE to streamline the project will save money at the cost of safety. The GAO report recommends that the Secretary of Energy {open_quotes}...review the program`s goals and objectives in the context of the program`s priority for funding.{close_quotes} It also recommends that Congress not consider any funding changes until the Secretary`s report is in and an independent review by the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board is also available.

NONE

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Object-oriented modelling and simulation for the ALFRED dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a control-oriented modelling and simulation tool for the study of the Advanced Lead-cooled Fast Reactor European Demonstrator (ALFRED) plant dynamics is presented. It has been developed in order to perform design-basis transient analyses aimed at providing essential feedbacks for the system design finalization. The simulator has been meant to be modular, open and efficient. In this perspective, an object-oriented modelling approach has been adopted, by employing the reliable, tested and well-documented Modelica language. Simulation of core behaviour is based on point kinetics for neutronics and one-dimensional heat transfer models for thermal-hydraulics, coherently with ALFRED specifications. An effort has been spent to model the bayonet-tube Steam Generator (SG) foreseen to be installed within the reactor vessel. The primary loop model has been built by connecting the above-mentioned components (taking into account suitable time delays) and by incorporating the cold pool, which has revealed to be fundamental for an accurate definition of the time constants characteristic of the system because of its large thermal inertia. The description of the overall plant has been finalized by connecting standard turbine, condenser and other components of the balance of plant. Afterwards, the reactor responses to three typical transient initiators have been simulated (i.e., reduction of feedwater mass flow rate, variation of the turbine admission valve coefficient and transient of overpower). Simulation outcomes confirm the strong coupling between core and SG, besides showing the characteristic time constants of the various component responses. Results of the present study constitute a starting point in the definition of plant control strategies, laying the basis for investigation and development of a model-based control-system design.

Roberto Ponciroli; Andrea Bigoni; Antonio Cammi; Stefano Lorenzi; Lelio Luzzi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

A flexible object-oriented software framework for developing complex multimedia simulations.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Decision makers involved in brownfields redevelopment and long-term stewardship must consider environmental conditions, future-use potential, site ownership, area infrastructure, funding resources, cost recovery, regulations, risk and liability management, community relations, and expected return on investment in a comprehensive and integrated fashion to achieve desired results. Successful brownfields redevelopment requires the ability to assess the impacts of redevelopment options on multiple interrelated aspects of the ecosystem, both natural and societal. Computer-based tools, such as simulation models, databases, and geographical information systems (GISs) can be used to address brownfields planning and project execution. The transparent integration of these tools into a comprehensive and dynamic decision support system would greatly enhance the brownfields assessment process. Such a system needs to be able to adapt to shifting and expanding analytical requirements and contexts. The Dynamic Information Architecture System (DIAS) is a flexible, extensible, object-oriented framework for developing and maintaining complex multidisciplinary simulations of a wide variety of application domains. The modeling domain of a specific DIAS-based simulation is determined by (1) software objects that represent the real-world entities that comprise the problem space (atmosphere, watershed, human), and (2) simulation models and other data processing applications that express the dynamic behaviors of the domain entities. Models and applications used to express dynamic behaviors can be either internal or external to DIAS, including existing legacy models written in various languages (FORTRAN, C, etc.). The flexible design framework of DIAS makes the objects adjustable to the context of the problem without a great deal of recoding. The DIAS Spatial Data Set facility allows parameters to vary spatially depending on the simulation context according to any of a number of 1-D, 2-D, or 3-D topologies. DIAS is also capable of interacting with other GIS packages and can import many standard spatial data formats. DIAS simulation capabilities can also be extended by including societal process models. Models that implement societal behaviors of individuals and organizations within larger DIAS-based natural systems simulations allow for interaction and feedback among natural and societal processes. The ability to simulate the complex interplay of multimedia processes makes DIAS a promising tool for constructing applications for comprehensive community planning, including the assessment of multiple development and redevelopment scenarios.

Sydelko, P. J.; Dolph, J. E.; Christiansen, J. H.

2002-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

410

Object detectability at increased ambient lighting conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under typical dark conditions encountered in diagnostic reading rooms, a reader's pupils will contract and dilate as the visual focus intermittently shifts between the high luminance display and the darker background wall, resulting in increased visual fatigue and the degradation of diagnostic performance. A controlled increase of ambient lighting may, however, reduce the severity of these pupillary adjustments by minimizing the difference between the luminance level to which the eyes adapt while viewing an image (L{sub adp}) and the luminance level of diffusely reflected light from the area surrounding the display (L{sub s}). Although ambient lighting in reading rooms has conventionally been kept at a minimum to maintain the perceived contrast of film images, proper Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) calibration of modern medical-grade liquid crystal displays can compensate for minor lighting increases with very little loss of image contrast. This paper describes two psychophysical studies developed to evaluate and refine optimum reading room ambient lighting conditions through the use of observational tasks intended to simulate real clinical practices. The first study utilized the biologic contrast response of the human visual system to determine a range of representative L{sub adp} values for typical medical images. Readers identified low contrast horizontal objects in circular foregrounds of uniform luminance (5, 12, 20, and 30 cd/m{sup 2}) embedded within digitized mammograms. The second study examined the effect of increased ambient lighting on the detection of subtle objects embedded in circular foregrounds of uniform luminance (5, 12, and 35 cd/m{sup 2}) centered within a constant background of 12 cd/m{sup 2} luminance. The images were displayed under a dark room condition (1 lux) and an increased ambient lighting level (50 lux) such that the luminance level of the diffusely reflected light from the background wall was approximately equal to the image L{sub adp} value of 12 cd/m{sup 2}. Results from the first study demonstrated that observer true positive and false positive detection rates and true positive detection times were considerably better while viewing foregrounds at 12 and 20 cd/m{sup 2} than at the other foreground luminance levels. Results from the second study revealed that under increased room illuminance, the average true positive detection rate improved a statistically significant amount from 39.3% to 55.6% at 5 cd/m{sup 2} foreground luminance. Additionally, the true positive rate increased from 46.4% to 56.6% at 35 cd/m{sup 2} foreground luminance, and decreased slightly from 90.2% to 87.5% at 12 cd/m{sup 2} foreground luminance. False positive rates at all foreground luminance levels remained approximately constant with increased ambient lighting. Furthermore, under increased room illuminance, true positive detection times declined at every foreground luminance level, with the most considerable decrease (approximately 500 ms) at the 5 cd/m{sup 2} foreground luminance. The first study suggests that L{sub adp} of typical mammograms lies between 12 and 20 cd/m{sup 2}, leading to an optimum reading room illuminance of approximately 50-80 lux. Findings from the second study provide psychophysical evidence that ambient lighting may be increased to a level within this range, potentially improving radiologist comfort, without deleterious effects on diagnostic performance.

Pollard, Benjamin J.; Chawla, Amarpreet S.; Delong, David M.; Hashimoto, Noriyuki; Samei, Ehsan [Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Eizo Nanao Technologies, Inc., Cypress, California 90630 (United States); Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Departments of Radiology, Physics, and Biomedical Engineering, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

From automation to tangible interactive objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Automation led to many innovations for a long time, most of them were developed during the twentieth century. It was commonly thought as a layer on top of a mechanical system. It promoted system management over low-level control. The more information technology evolves, the more it takes a fundamental part in our lives. This article describes a paradigm shift where automation will no longer be an add-on, and where software supports the definition, implementation and operationalization of functions and structures of products from the beginning of the design process. Any design today starts by using computer-aided design tools that enable us to easily draw, modify and fine-tune any kind of system. We can fully develop an airplane and literally fly it as a complex piece of software. Usability and usefulness can be tested before anything physical is built. Consequently, human-centered design (HCD) is now not only feasible but also can drive the overall engineering of products. We have started to design products from outside in, i.e., from usages and purposes to means. We even can 3D print mechanical parts from the software-designed parts with ease. In human–computer interaction, specific research efforts are carried out on tangible objects, which define this inverted view of automation. We now design and develop by using information technology to do mechanical things, and therefore redefine the essence of a new kind of cognitive mechanical engineering. This article is about the revolution that is currently happening in engineering and industrial design due to the immersive influence of computers in our everyday life, and the expansion of HCD.

Guy André Boy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Environmental Aspects, Objectives and Targets Identification Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the environmental aspects and associated environmental impacts of the Bechtel SAIC Company (BSC) scope of work, evaluate the significance of those environmental aspects based on established criteria, and establish environmental objectives and targets for specific environmental aspects. This report is intended to be used by environmental staff in the evaluation of BSC work packages during the annual risk-based planning process. This report shall be fully reviewed and revised annually during the annual work planning process to reflect changes in BSC operations, facilities, and scope of work. Planned BSC work will be evaluated to determine if the work is covered by a previously defined activity, product or service (see Table 2); if work activities require redefinition or addition of a new activity; and if the significant evaluation for each environment aspect is still valid based on scope of planned work. New workscope initiated during the fiscal year through the Baseline Change Proposal process (i.e., not as part of the annual work plan) also will be reviewed for new environmental aspects and determination of whether the new workscope would change the significance rating of any environmental aspect. If a new environmental aspect is identified in a new work activity, product, or service but the aspect is not determined to be significant (see Section 4), then this report can be changed through an interim change notice (ICN). This report can be changed five times through an ICN before a full revision is required. However, if new workscope causes an environmental aspect to be graded as significant using the evaluation process in Section 4, this report shall be revised though a full review and revision.

R. Green

2002-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

413

Tracking target objects orbiting earth using satellite-based telescopes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for tracking objects that are in earth orbit via a constellation or network of satellites having imaging devices is provided. An object tracking system includes a ground controller and, for each satellite in the constellation, an onboard controller. The ground controller receives ephemeris information for a target object and directs that ephemeris information be transmitted to the satellites. Each onboard controller receives ephemeris information for a target object, collects images of the target object based on the expected location of the target object at an expected time, identifies actual locations of the target object from the collected images, and identifies a next expected location at a next expected time based on the identified actual locations of the target object. The onboard controller processes the collected image to identify the actual location of the target object and transmits the actual location information to the ground controller.

De Vries, Willem H; Olivier, Scot S; Pertica, Alexander J

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

414

Ingrain and grain boundary scattering effects on electron mobility of transparent conducting polycrystalline Ga-doped ZnO films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transparent conducting polycrystalline Ga-doped ZnO (GZO) films with different thicknesses were deposited on glass substrates at a substrate temperature of 200 deg. C by ion-plating deposition with direct current arc-discharge. The dependences of crystal structure, electrical, and optical properties of the GZO films on thickness have been systematically studied. Optical response due to free electrons of the GZO films was characterized in the photon energy range from 0.73 to 3.8 eV by spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). The free electron response was expressed by the simple Drude model combined with the Tauc-Lorentz model. From the SE analysis and the results of Hall measurements, electron effective mass, m{sup *}, and optical mobility, {mu}{sub opt}, of the GZO films were determined, based on the assumptions that the films are homogeneous and optically isotropic. By comparing the {mu}{sub opt} and Hall mobility, {mu}{sub Hall}, an indication on the effect of ingrain and grain boundary scattering limiting the electron mobility has been obtained. Moreover, the variation in scattering mechanism causing thickness dependence of {mu}{sub Hall} was correlated with the development of polycrystalline grain structure.

Yamada, Takahiro; Makino, Hisao; Yamamoto, Naoki; Yamamoto, Tetsuya [Materials Design Center, Research Institute, Kochi University of Technology, 185 Miyanokuchi, Tosayamada-cho, Kami-shi, Kochi 782-8502 (Japan)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Electromagnetically-induced-transparency plasmonics: Quantum-interference-assisted tunable surface-plasmon-polariton resonance and excitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimentally feasible configuration of a prism coupler with an electromagnetically-induced-transparency (EIT) medium layer, e.g., a semiconductor-quantum-dot (SQD) medium, deposited upon its prism base is suggested for generating tunable surface-plasmon-polariton resonance. Such surface-plasmon-polariton resonance and optical excitation of a surface plasmon wave can be manipulated by switchable quantum interference among SQD multilevel transitions driven by two external control fields. When an incident probe field is coupled into a surface plasmon wave excitation mode, the surface-plasmon-polariton (SPP) resonance at the interface between the SQD medium layer and the substrate will arise, and the quantum-coherently controllable reflection spectrum of the probe field on the prism base can be achieved. In this process, destructive and constructive quantum interference (determined by the intensity ratio of the two external control fields) in the SQD multilevel system plays a key role for achieving the tunable reflection spectrum. The EIT-based surface-plasmon-polariton resonance presented here will have three characteristics (some of them would be attractive): (i) switchable quantum interference exhibited by surface plasmon wave excitation, (ii) quantum-coherently controllable surface plasmon polaritons by external optical fields, (iii) surface wave sensitive to dispersion of the SQD quantum coherent medium. Such an effect of controllable optical response based on the quantum-interference switchable surface-plasmon-polariton resonance in the EIT-prism coupler may find some potential applications in design of new photonic and quantum optical devices.

Jian Qi Shen

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

416

An object-oriented approach to data routing in a network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a suitable generalised object-oriented formulation is devised to find the shortest paths between machines for all types of networks. Modelling the network in an object-oriented paradigm allows greater flexibility to the analyser since each class is modelled using the physical parameters of a network. Moreover, it is easier to visualise the operations in the routing algorithm. The same algorithm can also be run without any modification, even if network characteristics and topology change. Addition or subtraction of routers and links can be achieved by simple addition and subtraction of nodes and edges. In addition, for this algorithm the weighting function just needs to be changed to incorporate the requisite changes for different types of subnets. Finally, the algorithm is aptly illustrated by means of two representative case studies.

Priyam Chatterjee; Suman Chakraborty

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Analyses of Hydrogen Storage Materials and On-Board Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Analyses of Hydrogen Hydrogen Analyses of Hydrogen Storage Materials and On Storage Materials and On - - Board Systems Board Systems TIAX LLC 15 Acorn Park Cambridge, MA 02140-2390 Tel. 617- 498-6108 Fax 617-498-7054 www.TIAXLLC.com Reference: D0268 © 2007 TIAX LLC Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Meeting May 8, 2007 Stephen Lasher Kurtis McKenney Yong Yang Bob Rancatore Stefan Unnasch Matt Hooks This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information Overview 1 SL/042007/D0268 ST32_Lasher_H2 Storage_v1.ppt Start date: June 2004 End date: Sept 2009 41% Complete Timeline Barriers addressed B. Cost C. Efficiency K. System Life Cycle Assessments Barriers Total project funding DOE share = $1.5M No cost share FY06 = $275k FY07 = $300k (plan) Budget Argonne and other National

418

I I Hydrological/Geological Studies Radiochemical Analyses of Water  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

' ' Hydrological/Geological Studies Radiochemical Analyses of Water Samples from Selected Streams, Wells, Springs and Precipitation Collected Prior to Re-Entry . , Drilling, Project Rulison-6, 197 1 HGS 7 ' DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. Prepared Under Agreement No. AT(29-2)-474 f o r the Nevada Operations Office U.S. Atomic Energy Commission PROPERTY OF U. S. GOVERNMENT -UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY - F e d e r a l . C e n t e r , D e n v e r , C o l o r a d o 80225 RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSES OF WATER FROM SELECTED STREAMS, WELLS, SPRINGS, AND PRECIPITATION COLLECTED PRIOR TO REENTRY DRILLING, PROJECT RULISON I , BY Paul T. - V o e g e l i

419

MANAGEMENT DE TRANSITION : ANALYSE D'UNE PRATIQUE EN EMERGENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANAGEMENT DE TRANSITION : ANALYSE D'UNE PRATIQUE EN EMERGENCE Karima LAHMOUZ, Maître de, portable : 06 73 93 49 48, fax : + 33 (0)3 89 33 74 55. Résumé : Le management de transition est apparu en pratiques du management de transition » au sein de l'Académie des Sciences Comptables et Financières ont

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

420

MAT 6113 ANALYSE FONCTIONNELLE II Plan de cours  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Banach et de Hilbert, th´eor`eme de l'application ouverte, topologies faibles, op´erateurs compacts. Analyse complexe : fonctions analytiques, th´eor`emes de Cauchy, s´eries de Laurent, th´eor`eme fondamental des r´esidus. Th´eorie de la mesure et int´egration : espaces Lp, th´eor`emes de la convergence

Leclercq, Remi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Analyses of Oxyanion Materials by Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA) has been used to analyze metal ion oxyanion materials that have multiple applications, including medicine, materials, catalysts, and electronics. The significance for the need for accurate, highly sensitive analyses for the materials is discussed in the context of quality control of end products containing the parent element in each material. Applications of the analytical data for input to models and theoretical calculations related to the electronic and other properties of the materials are discussed.

Firestone, Richard B; Perry, D.L.; English, G.A.; Firestone, R.B.; Leung, K.-N.; Garabedian, G.; Molnar, G.L.; Revay, Zs.

2008-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

422

Projet Traitement du Signal : Analyse de Signaux ECG 1 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Projet Traitement du Signal : Analyse de Signaux ECG 1 Introduction 1.1 Contenu des signaux ECG, description du contenu temporel/fréquentiel des ECG, cas nominaux et pathologiques L'électrocardiogramme (ECG) est un signal qui représente l'activité électrique du coeur. L'ECG est un élément essentiel que ce

Dobigeon, Nicolas

423

REVIEW OF CHARM DALITZ-PLOT ANALYSES Written November  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CHARM CHARM DALITZ-PLOT ANALYSES Written November 2003 by D. Asner (University of Pittsburgh) Weak nonleptonic decays of charm mesons are expected to proceed dominantly through resonant two-body decays in several theoretical models [1]. The Dalitz-plot analysis tech- nique [2,3] has been applied to the decays D → rc, r → ab where the decay products a, b, and c are K or π and the intermediate state r is a scalar, vector, or tensor meson. Ta- ble 1 lists published analyses of D → Kππ, → πππ, → KKπ, and → KKK decays. The analyses include studies of dou- bly Cabibbo-suppressed decays [4,5], searches for CP violation [5-8], properties of established light mesons [9-11], and prop- erties of ππ [4,11,12] and Kπ [13] S-wave states. Future studies could improve sensitivity to D 0 -D 0 mixing [14]. The amplitude of the process, D → rc, r → ab, is given by the product of three factors:

424

E-Print Network 3.0 - association study analyses Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

These analyses have come under critique because... for Contagion Effects in Social Networks Analyses of social network data have suggested that obesity, smoking... of the...

425

E-Print Network 3.0 - accurately analysing pb Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: for in situ U-Pb isotopic analyses by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) has been developed for uranium... isotopic analyses due to mixing of different...

426

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic cough analyser Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cough analyser Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automatic cough analyser Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Flow Dynamics and...

427

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1: Set 1: Set Goals and Objectives to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on AddThis.com... Getting Started Driving Demand Set Goals & Objectives Create an Evaluation Plan Conduct Audience Research Identify Target Audiences & Behavior Changes

428

Object-oriented programming and software development: a critical assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In software engineering, object-oriented development is today the most popular programming, design and analysis approach. However, object orientation does not manage to address the needs of today's software construction in as radical and fundamental ...

Manfred Broy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

113 Lab Learning Objectives Week 5: synthetic lab #4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

113 Lab Learning Objectives Week 5: synthetic lab #4 Learning Objectives for Promoter Discovery the information contained within promoters. · Use protocols for molecular biology to clone DNA. · Interpret

Campbell, A. Malcolm

430

113 Lab Learning Objectives Week 8: synthetic lab #7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

113 Lab Learning Objectives Week 8: synthetic lab #7 Learning Objectives for Promoter Discovery Selection Skills · Read DNA sequence and search for SNPs using ApE software. · Determine your PTC tasting

Campbell, A. Malcolm

431

Optimal Direction of Grasped Object Minimizing Contact Forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Optimization I. INTRODUCTION Grasping is one of important motions for robots to achieve given tasks, when we paint the object, limited parts of the surface are allowed for touching. If a part of object

Ito, Satoshi

432

Manipulation-based active search for occluded objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Object search is an integral part of daily life, and in the quest for competent mobile manipulation robots it is an unavoidable problem. Previous approaches focus on cases where objects are in unknown rooms but lying out ...

Lozano-Perez, Tomas

433

Weighted geometric grammars for object detection in context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis addresses the problem of detecting objects in images of complex scenes. Strong patterns exist in the types and spatial arrangements of objects that occur in scenes, and we seek to exploit these patterns to ...

Lippow, Margaret Aycinena

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Pattern-driven Partitioning in Designing Distributed Object Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pattern-driven Partitioning in Designing Distributed Object Applications Widayashanti P. Sardjono of the fundamental challenges in designing distributed object applications (DOAs) is application partitioning, particularly distributable ones, are discovered. This research proposes a technique to help designers

Simons, Anthony J. H.

435

Active Estimation of Object Dynamics Parameters with Tactile Sensors   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The estimation of parameters that affect the dynamics of objects—such as viscosity or internal degrees of freedom—is an important step in autonomous and dexterous robotic manipulation of objects. However, accurate and ...

Saal, Hannes; Ting, Jo-Anne; Vijayakumar, Sethu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Graphical models for visual object recognition and tracking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop statistical methods which allow effective visual detection, categorization, and tracking of objects in complex scenes. Such computer vision systems must be robust to wide variations in object appearance, the ...

Sudderth, Erik B. (Erik Blaine), 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Studies of the velocity fields near a submerged rectangular object  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the time periodic waves past a submerged rectangular object. For sotne wave conditions, large energy dissipation occurred at the submerged object due to vortex generation. The amount of energy dissipation was examined by comparing incident wave energy... object. A two component laser-Doppler anemometer (LDA) was used to obtain detailed measurements of the instantaneous velocity field and flow visualization was conducted to study the vortex structure around the submerged object. The measured wave...

Kim, Young-Ki

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

438

Parallel Multi-Objective Branch and Kongens Lyngby 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOMIP(Single-Objective- Mixed-Integer-Programming) is notoriously hard to solve, MOMIP is even harder

Liblit, Ben

439

Electrostatic Sensing for Underwater Object Detection and Localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equivalent Resistance and Objectelectrodes. Equivalent Resistance and Object Detection Forincrease in the equivalent resistance, while those away,

Herman, Henry Edward

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

ADDITIONAL STRESS AND FRACTURE MECHANICS ANALYSES OF PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR PRESSURE VESSEL NOZZLES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In past years, the authors have undertaken various studies of nozzles in both boiling water reactors (BWRs) and pressurized water reactors (PWRs) located in the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) adjacent to the core beltline region. Those studies described stress and fracture mechanics analyses performed to assess various RPV nozzle geometries, which were selected based on their proximity to the core beltline region, i.e., those nozzle configurations that are located close enough to the core region such that they may receive sufficient fluence prior to end-of-life (EOL) to require evaluation of embrittlement as part of the RPV analyses associated with pressure-temperature (P-T) limits. In this paper, additional stress and fracture analyses are summarized that were performed for additional PWR nozzles with the following objectives: To expand the population of PWR nozzle configurations evaluated, which was limited in the previous work to just two nozzles (one inlet and one outlet nozzle). To model and understand differences in stress results obtained for an internal pressure load case using a two-dimensional (2-D) axi-symmetric finite element model (FEM) vs. a three-dimensional (3-D) FEM for these PWR nozzles. In particular, the ovalization (stress concentration) effect of two intersecting cylinders, which is typical of RPV nozzle configurations, was investigated. To investigate the applicability of previously recommended linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) hand solutions for calculating the Mode I stress intensity factor for a postulated nozzle corner crack for pressure loading for these PWR nozzles. These analyses were performed to further expand earlier work completed to support potential revision and refinement of Title 10 to the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 50, Appendix G, Fracture Toughness Requirements, and are intended to supplement similar evaluation of nozzles presented at the 2008, 2009, and 2011 Pressure Vessels and Piping (PVP) Conferences. This work is also relevant to the ongoing efforts of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel (B&PV) Code, Section XI, Working Group on Operating Plant Criteria (WGOPC) efforts to incorporate nozzle fracture mechanics solutions into a revision to ASME B&PV Code, Section XI, Nonmandatory Appendix G.

Walter, Matthew [Structural Integrity Associates, Inc.; Yin, Shengjun [ORNL; Stevens, Gary [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Sommerville, Daniel [Structural Integrity Associates, Inc.; Palm, Nathan [Westinghouse Electric Company, Cranberry Township, PA; Heinecke, Carol [Westinghouse Electric Company, Cranberry Township, PA

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Timed CSP and Object-Z John Derrick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Timed CSP and Object-Z John Derrick Computing Laboratory, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NF a simple integration of timed CSP and Object-Z. Following existing work, the components in such an inte- gration are written as either Object-Z classes, or timed CSP processes, and are combined together using

Kent, University of

442

Specification of composite objects based on the ODP Reference Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specification of composite objects based on the ODP Reference Model D. Ramazani and G. v. Bochmann}@iro.umontreal.ca Abstract In this paper, we describe our experience in using the RM-ODP to specify composite objects. The concept of a composite object as defined in RM-ODP does not take into account its dynamic structure

von Bochmann, Gregor

443

Ultra-tangibles: creating movable tangible objects on interactive tables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tangible objects placed on interactive surfaces allow users to employ a physical object to manipulate digital content. However, creating the reverse effect - having digital content manipulate a tangible object placed on the surface - is a more challenging ... Keywords: actuated tabletops, feedback, tangible interface, ultrasound, user interface device

Mark Marshall; Thomas Carter; Jason Alexander; Sriram Subramanian

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMISATION APPLIED TO INDUSTRIAL ENERGY PROBLEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMISATION APPLIED TO INDUSTRIAL ENERGY PROBLEMS TH `ESE N XXXX (2002) PR ´ESENT related to optimising energy systems. Multi-objective optimisation techniques provide the information, if a product must be both inexpensive and high quality, the multi-objective optimiser will provide a range

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

445

Bringing Object-Oriented Technology to the Web David Ingham  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

become encapsulated as objects, with well-defined interfaces through which all interactions occur. The interfaces and their implementations can be inherited by builders of objects, and methods (operations) can be redefined to better suit the object. New characteristics, such as concurrency control and persistence, can

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

446

AUTOMATIC PARALLELIZATION OF OBJECT ORIENTED MODELS ACROSS METHOD AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Modelica Modelica is a rather new language for equation-based object-oriented mathematical modeling which object- oriented modeling languages. Modelica is intended to become a de facto standard. It allowsAUTOMATIC PARALLELIZATION OF OBJECT ORIENTED MODELS ACROSS METHOD AND SYSTEM HÃ¥kan Lundvall

Zhao, Yuxiao

447

Nine objectives are being implemented to achieve the wetlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 3 OBJECTIVES Nine objectives are being implemented to achieve the wetlands goal. The action the Interagency Wetlands Committee recognized the validity of these objectives and the need for their continued the state's wetlands resource base more completely and identify the critical functions of the major types

Gray, Matthew

448

Solar heat gain coefficient measurement of semi-transparent photovoltaic modules with indoor calorimetric hot box and solar simulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In tropical Singapore, buildings receive a high amount of solar radiation. Windows should therefore consist of solar control glazing with a low solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) and high visible light transmittance to reduce the energy consumption for air-conditioning and electrical lighting respectively. Due to the rising demand for on-site electricity generation, photovoltaic modules are increasingly used in buildings, initially as roof-top systems, but in recent years there are also semi-transparent photovoltaic (STPV) being integrated into the façade or overhead glazing. However, their SHGC is usually not reported, potentially preventing STPV from widespread adoption. The paper presents measurements and novel presentations of SHGC for selected thin-film STPV glazing. It introduces SERIS’ indoor calorimetric hot box and solar simulator including a documentation of environmental conditions and calibrations. A sensitivity analysis concluded that the SHGC measurement is mainly sensitive to the spectrum of the solar simulator and reflection properties of the absorber plate. A correction factor was introduced and the measured results compare well with simulations. In addition, SHGC values for selected STPV are presented as (a) angular dependent and (b) load dependent. The results show that the SHGC is sensitive to the incident angle of solar radiation. Particularly for incident angles above 45°, which would be typical for facades in the tropics, the SHGC reduces significantly, compared to the default at 0°. The SHGC reduces only marginally when an electrical load is connected. Higher PV efficiencies would result in more energy being converted into electricity and not into re-radiating heat and therefore producing a lower SHGC.

Fangzhi Chen; Stephen K. Wittkopf; Poh Khai Ng; Hui Du

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

NEP for a Kuiper Belt Object Rendezvous Mission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) are a recently-discovered set of solar system bodies which lie at about the orbit of Pluto (40 AU) out to about 100 astronomical units (AU). There are estimated to be about 100,000 KBOS with a diameter greater than 100 km. KBOS are postulated to be composed of the pristine material which formed our solar system and may even have organic materials in them. A detailed study of KBO size, orbit distribution, structure, and surface composition could shed light on the origins of the solar system and perhaps even on the origin of life in our solar system. A rendezvous mission including a lander would be needed to perform chemical analysis of the surface and sub-surface composition of KBOS. These requirements set the size of the science probe at around a ton. Mission analyses show that a fission-powered system with an electric thruster could rendezvous at 40 AU in about 13.0 years with a total {Delta}V of 46 krnk. It would deliver a 1000-kg science payload while providing ample onboard power for relaying data back to earth. The launch mass of the entire system (power, thrusters, propellant, navigation, communication, structure, science payload, etc.) would be 7984 kg if it were placed into an earth-escape trajectory (C=O). Alternatively, the system could be placed into a 700-km earth orbit with more propellant,yielding a total mass in LEO of 8618 kg, and then spiral out of earth orbit to arrive at the KBO in 14.3 years. To achieve this performance, a fission power system with 100 kW of electrical power and a total mass (reactor, shield, conversion, and radiator) of about 2350 kg. Three possible configurations are proposed: (1) a UZrH-fueled, NaK-cooled reactor with a steam Rankine conversion system, (2) a UN-fueled gas-cooled reactor with a recuperated Brayton conversion system, and (3) a UN-fueled heatpipe-cooled reactor with a recuperated Brayton conversion system. (Boiling and condensation in the Rankine system is a technical risk at present.) All three of these systems have the potential to meet the weight requirement for the trip and to be built in the near term.

HOUTS,MICHAEL G.; LENARD,ROGER X.; LIPINSKI,RONALD J.; PATTON,BRUCE; POSTON,DAVID I.; WRIGHT,STEVEN A.

1999-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

450

Electrical Safety - Monthly Analyses of Electrical Safety Occurrences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office of Analysis Office of Analysis Operating Experience Committee Safety Alerts Safety Bulletins Annual Reports Special Operations Reports Safety Advisories Special Reports Causal Analysis Reviews Contact Us HSS Logo Electrical Safety Monthly Analyses of Electrical Safety Occurrences 2013 September 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences August 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences July 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences June 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences May 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences April 2013 Electrical Safety Occurrences March Electrical Safety Occurrence February Electrical Safety Occurrence January Electrical Safety Occurrence 2012 December Electrical Safety Occurrence November Electrical Safety Occurrence October Electrical Safety Occurrence September Electrical Safety Occurrence

451

Radiochemical Analyses of Water Samples from Selected Streams  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

> > : , - ' and Precipitation Collected in - Connection with Calibration-Test Flaring of Gas From Test Well, - I August 15-October 13, 197,0,, Project Rulison-8, 197 1 HGS 9 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Federal center, Denver, Colorado 80225 RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSES OF WATER SAMPLES FROM SELECTED STREAMS AND PRECIPITATION COLLECTED IN CONNECTION WITH CALIBRATION-TEST FLARING OF GAS FROM TEST WELL, AUGUST.15-OCTDBER 13, 1970 PROJECT RULISON Hans C. Claassen and Paul T. Voegeli, Sr. CONTENTS Page Introduction..................... ................................... 1 Results.

452

Overview of methodology used for NUREG-1150 risk analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Five probabilistic risk assessment (PRAs) form the basis for the conclusions in the recent Nuclear Regulatory Commission's report ''Severe Accident Risks: An Assessment for Five US Nuclear Power Plants'' (NUREG-1150). Four of the five PRAs were conducted at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); the fifth was conducted at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory and Brookhaven National Laboratory. The analysis methods used for the risk analyses were developed at SNL. This paper describes those methods and how they differ from methods used in other PRAs. 16 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Bergeron, E.D.; Breeding, R.J.; Helton, J.C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Nanergy Inc formerly ObjectSoft Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nanergy Inc formerly ObjectSoft Corporation Nanergy Inc formerly ObjectSoft Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Nanergy Inc (formerly ObjectSoft Corporation) Place New York, New York Zip 8852 Sector Carbon, Hydro, Hydrogen Product A development-stage company working on nanotechnology products, particularly photovoltaic nanofilms and hydrogen storage using carbon nanotubes. References Nanergy Inc (formerly ObjectSoft Corporation)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Nanergy Inc (formerly ObjectSoft Corporation) is a company located in New York, New York . References ↑ "Nanergy Inc (formerly ObjectSoft Corporation)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Nanergy_Inc_formerly_ObjectSoft_Corporation&oldid=349005"

454

Analyses of Compressed Hydrogen On-Board Storage Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Compressed Compressed Hydrogen On-Board Storage Systems © 2010 TIAX LLC Compressed and Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage Workshop February 14, 2011 Jeff Rosenfeld Karen Law Jayanti Sinha TIAX LLC 35 Hartwell Ave Lexington, MA 02421-3102 Tel. 781-879-1708 Fax 781-879-1201 www.TIAXLLC.com Reference: D0268 Overview Project Objectives Project Objectives Description Overall Help guide DOE and developers toward promising R&D and commercialization pathways by evaluating the status of the various on-board hydrogen storage technologies on a consistent basis On-Board Storage System Assessment Evaluate or develop system-level designs for the on-board storage system to project bottom-up factory costs Off-Board Fuel Cycle Assessment Evaluate or develop designs and cost inputs for the fuel cycle to

455

3-D Finite Element Analyses of the Egan Cavern Field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three-dimensional finite element analyses were performed for the two gas-filled storage caverns at the Egan field, Jennings dome, Louisiana. The effects of cavern enlargement on surface subsidence, storage loss, and cavern stability were investigated. The finite element model simulated the leaching of caverns to 6 and 8 billion cubic feet (BCF) and examined their performance at various operating conditions. Operating pressures varied from 0.15 psi/ft to 0.9 psi/ft at the bottom of the lowest cemented casing. The analysis also examined the stability of the web or pillar of salt between the caverns under differential pressure loadings. The 50-year simulations were performed using JAC3D, a three dimensional finite element analysis code for nonlinear quasistatic solids. A damage criterion based on onset of dilatancy was used to evaluate cavern instability. Dilation results from the development of microfractures in salt and, hence, potential increases in permeability onset occurs well before large scale failure. The analyses predicted stable caverns throughout the 50-year period for the range of pressures investigated. Some localized salt damage was predicted near the bottom walls of the caverns if the caverns are operated at minimum pressure for long periods of time. Volumetric cavern closures over time due to creep were moderate to excessive depending on the salt creep properties and operating pressures. However, subsidence above the cavern field was small and should pose no problem, to surface facilities.

Klamerus, E.W.; Ehgartner, B.L.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Methods | Transparent Cost Database  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

information NREL has developed the following cost of energy tools: System Advisor Model (SAM): https:sam.nrel.gov SAM makes performance predictions and cost of...

457

Flexible and Transparent Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electrical characteristics under flex. (a) Normalized resistance vs.electrical characteristics under flex. (a) Normalized resistance vs.

KIM, SUNG MIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Transparent access to multiple  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

form for private use is permitted with- out payment of royalty provided that (1) each reproduction royalty free without further permission by computer-based and other information-service systems

Stevens, Robert

459

?2 analyses of data on relativistic anomalous projectile fragments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear emulsion data from four experimental groups are now available on the interactions of relativistic anomalous projectile fragments. In the present paper we systematically combine these data together to form several different data sets, which are used to carry out a series of ?2 parameter studies. The anomalous particle fragment component in the relativistic nuclear beam has been characterized previously in terms of the parameters f and ?, where f is the anomalous particle fragment fraction in the secondary beam and ? is the average anomalous particle fragment mean free path in the emulsion. We extend this result here by setting ?=?0(2Z)-?, where Z is the nuclear charge of the anomalous particle fragment, so that we can investigate the Z dependence of ?. We also investigate isotopic effects in the equations used to describe "normal" secondary beam nuclei, and we examine the problem of optimizing the bin sizes used to represent the data. A series of (f, ?0, ?) parameter studies leads to the conclusion that the "anomalous particle fragment effect" exists for all Z values in the range Z=3-26 included in the ?2 analyses. These ?2 analyses also indicate that ?>0, so that the anomalous particle fragment ?'s are Z dependent, but the data are not sufficient to pin down a definite value of ?. In order to assess the physical content of these results, we define a domain within which nuclear mean free paths can be accounted for by conventional nuclear forces (but not necessarily by conventional nuclear structure). The Z-dependent anomalous particle fragment mean free paths lie approximately on the boundary of this domain. To conclude these studies, we use the anomalous particle fragment data sets and ?2 analyses to investigate some proposed theoretical models of anomalous particle fragment structure, and we mention some recent experiments using plastic or propane track detectors rather than nuclear emulsions that also provide evidence for the existence of the "anomalous particle fragment effect." On the basis of the present nuclear emulsion studies, the null hypothesis (the hypothesis of no anomalous particle fragment effect) is rejected by more than seven standard deviations, using either a Z-dependent or a pathlength-dependent representation of the data.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Heavy ion; analysis of anomalous projectile fragment production in emulsions and plastics; Z dependence of mean free paths.

Malcolm H. MacGregor

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Large-Scale Analyses of Glycosylation in Cellulases  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Article Article Large-Scale Analyses of Glycosylation in Cellulases Fengfeng Zhou 1,2 , Victor Olman 1,2 , and Ying Xu 1,2 * 1 Computational Systems Biology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology / Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7229, USA; 2 BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37830-8050, USA. *Corresponding author. E-mail: xyn@bmb.uga.edu DOI: 10.1016/S1672-0229(08)60049-2 Cellulases are important glycosyl hydrolases (GHs) that hydrolyze cellulose poly- mers into smaller oligosaccharides by breaking the cellulose β (1→4) bonds, and they are widely used to produce cellulosic ethanol from the plant biomass. N-linked and O-linked glycosylations were proposed to impact the catalytic ef f iciency, cel- lulose binding af f inity and the stability of cellulases based on observations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "objective transparent analyses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

H2A Delivery Scenario Model and Analyses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

H2A Delivery Scenario Model H2A Delivery Scenario Model and Analyses Marianne Mintz and Jerry Gillette DOE Hydrogen Delivery Analysis and High Pressure Tanks R&D Project Review Meeting February 8, 2005 2 Pioneering Science and Technology Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Topics * Delivery Scenarios - Current status - Future scenarios * Delivery Scenarios model - Approach - Structure - Current status - Results * Pipeline modeling - Approach - Key assumptions - Results * Next Steps 3 Pioneering Science and Technology Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Delivery Scenarios 4 Pioneering Science and Technology Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Three-Quarters of the US Population Reside in Urbanized Areas East of the Mississippi there are many large, proximate urban areas. In the West

462

Uncertainty quantification and validation of combined hydrological and macroeconomic analyses.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Changes in climate can lead to instabilities in physical and economic systems, particularly in regions with marginal resources. Global climate models indicate increasing global mean temperatures over the decades to come and uncertainty in the local to national impacts means perceived risks will drive planning decisions. Agent-based models provide one of the few ways to evaluate the potential changes in behavior in coupled social-physical systems and to quantify and compare risks. The current generation of climate impact analyses provides estimates of the economic cost of climate change for a limited set of climate scenarios that account for a small subset of the dynamics and uncertainties. To better understand the risk to national security, the next generation of risk assessment models must represent global stresses, population vulnerability to those stresses, and the uncertainty in population responses and outcomes that could have a significant impact on U.S. national security.

Hernandez, Jacquelynne; Parks, Mancel Jordan; Jennings, Barbara Joan; Kaplan, Paul Garry; Brown, Theresa Jean; Conrad, Stephen Hamilton

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Betting on Chinese electric cars? – analysing BYD's capacity for innovation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article will examine some of the reasons why the automobile industry in China has become the subject of so much interest in recent years. In particular, it will focus on its capacity for innovation through an in-depth study of one company: the BYD group. The article will examine the growth of the group and trace the development of the innovative strategies that have helped it to become a significant player in the electric car market. It will highlight three particular levels at which innovation has taken place, the organisational, human resource management and technological levels, and will analyse how these innovations interrelate to the overall breakthrough strategy of BYD. The article concludes with some observations about the capacity of BYD to continue to innovate, prosper and grow using its existing strategy.

Hua Wang; Chris Kimble

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Improvements to the original NUREG-1150 accident sequence analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the accident sequence analyses to support the draft NUREG-1150 were published (NUREG/CR-4550), comments have been received from the utilities, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the nuclear industry, and the public. It is the intent to incorporate comments to the extent possible, along with anticipated changes produced by the analysis teams. The purpose of this paper is to identify the important comments and issues that will be addressed for each plant during the reanalysis. There are a few general changes in the methodology that apply to all of the plants. The most important change is an improved uncertainty analysis, including a more comprehensive treatment of uncertainty issues and a more defensible approach to eliciting expert opinion on these issues. Another important change is the addition of external events to the analysis of the Surry and Peach Bottom plants. These and other changes are discussed in this paper. 8 refs.

Cramond, W.R.; Camp, A.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Experiment-specific analyses in support of code development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiment-specific models have been developed since 1986 by Oak Ridge National Laboratory Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) severe accident analysis programs for the purpose of BWR experimental planning and optimum interpretation of experimental results. These experiment-specific models have been applied to large integral tests (ergo, experiments) which start from an initial undamaged core state. The tests performed to date in BWR geometry have had significantly different-from-prototypic boundary and experimental conditions because of either normal facility limitations or specific experimental constraints. These experiments (ACRR: DF-4, NRU: FLHT-6, and CORA) were designed to obtain specific phenomenological information such as the degradation and interaction of prototypic components and the effects on melt progression of control-blade materials and channel boxes. Applications of ORNL models specific to the ACRR DF-4 and KfK CORA-16 experiments are discussed and significant findings from the experimental analyses are presented. 32 refs., 16 figs.

Ott, L.J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

EIA- Energy Efficiency Related Links: EIA Reports and Analyses  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Reports Reports Energy-Efficiency Related: EIA Reports and Analyses Released Release Date: October 1999 Last Updated: August 2010 End Users: Commercial Buildings / Manufacturing / Residential / Transportation Energy Source: Coal / Electricity / Natural Gas / Nuclear / Petroleum / Renewable / All Sectors Commercial Buildings 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables, most recent data on building characteristics and consumption expenditures 2003 Building Characteristics Overview, the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) estimates that there were nearly 4.9 million commercial buildings and more than 71.6 billion square feet of commercial floorspace in the U. S. in 2003 1999 Building Characteristics Overview, the 1999 CBECS collected information about HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning) system, building shell, and lighting conservation features and practices plus information on off-hour reduction of end-use equipment. In general, commercial buildings that were larger than average were more likely to have used these conservation features or measures (May 2002)

467

Interrogation of an object for dimensional and topographical information  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are systems, methods, devices, and apparatus to interrogate a clothed individual with electromagnetic radiation to determine one or more body measurements at least partially covered by the individual's clothing. The invention further includes techniques to interrogate an object with electromagnetic radiation in the millimeter and/or microwave range to provide a volumetric representation of the object. This representation can be used to display images and/or determine dimensional information concerning the object.

McMakin, Doug L [Richland, WA; Severtsen, Ronald H [Richland, WA; Hall, Thomas E [Richland, WA; Sheen, David M [Richland, WA

2003-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

Distributed parameter hydrologic modeling usinsg object-oriented simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISTRIBUTED PARAMETER HYDROLOGIC MODELING USING OBJECT-ORIENTED SIMULATION A Thesis by KENNETH RAY KLANIKA Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfilhnent of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style...). The Geographic Object-Oriented Simulation Environment [GOOSE] is linked with GRASS, and is used to create the basic patch network from GRASS ASCII vector and attribute files. The model, written in Common Lisp Object System [CLOS] language, was designed around...

Klanika, Kenneth Ray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

469

Step 2: Define Finance Program Objectives | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

may also want to consider a set of secondary objectives. These could include: Building brand awareness for energy upgrade programs Transforming programs in the marketplace so...

470

Further comparisons between the conventional and the modified Schwarzschild objectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of the modified Schwarzschild objective configuration in comparison with the ordinary ... tolerances of the two configurations to lateral and mirrors’ axial misalignments. Also, the nonconcentric

S. Bollanti; P. Di Lazzaro; F. Flora; L. Mezi; D. Murra; A. Torre

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Three Nonlinear NDE Techniques On Three Diverse Objects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Non-Destructive Evaluation has been carried out on three different test objects, with three different methods based on exhibits of slow dynamics and nonlinear effects. The… (more)

Haller, Kristian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Identification of LAMBDA-like systems in Er{sup 3+}:Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} and observation of electromagnetically induced transparency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) is reported in a solid-state material doped with erbium ions. In this paper we introduce the spectroscopic investigations we have conducted in order to identify the adequate LAMBDA-like three-level systems in Er{sup 3+}:Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} crystal, relevant for the demonstration of EIT. These results pave the way for nonlinear and quantum optics applications based on EIT at the telecom wavelength around 1.5 mum.

Baldit, E.; Bencheikh, K.; Monnier, P.; Briaudeau, S.; Levenson, J. A.; Crozatier, V.; Lorgere, I.; Bretenaker, F.; Le Goueet, J. L.; Guillot-Noeel, O.; Goldner, Ph. [Laboratoire de Photonique et de Nanstructures, CNRS-UPR 20, 91460 Marcoussis (France); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS-UPR 3321, University Paris-Sud, Bat. 505, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Laboratoire de Chimie de la Matiere Condensee de Paris, CNRS-UMR 7574, ENSCP, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Competitive Coevolution versus Objective Fitness for an Autonomous Motorcycle Pilot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the fitness function. For some applications, this factor is not easy to compute and coevolution represents as a performance measure instead of an objective function, when the nature of the problem al- lows it compare to the evolution drive of an objective fitness function. In this experiment we are using a genetic

Vrajitoru, Dana

474

Robust Multi-Objective Optimization in Aerodynamics using MGDA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Multi-Objective Optimization in Aerodynamics using MGDA Daigo Maruyama N° 8428-00919215,version1-16Dec2013 #12;Robust Multi-Objective Optimization in Aerodynamics using MGDA Daigo: This study deals with robust design optimization strategies in aerodynamics

Boyer, Edmond

475

An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification Peter Csaba ()lveczky, Poland Abstract. In this paper an object-oriented algebraic solution of the steam-boiler specification Introduction The steam-boiler control specification problem has been proposed as a challenge for different

Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

476

An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification.In this paper an object-oriented algebraic solution of the steam-boiler specification problem is presented computations cannot happen. 1 Introduction The steam-boiler control specification problem has been

Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

477

Multi-objective gene-pool optimal mixing evolutionary algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recently introduced Gene-pool Optimal Mixing Evolutionary Algorithm (GOMEA), with a lean, but sufficient, linkage model and an efficient variation operator, has been shown to be a robust and efficient methodology for solving single objective (SO) ... Keywords: clustering, linkage tree genetic algorithm, multi-objective optimization, optimal mixing

Ngoc Hoang Luong; Han La Poutré; Peter A.N. Bosman

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Structural Fidelity vs. Naturalness -Objective Assessment of Tone Mapped Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural Fidelity vs. Naturalness - Objective Assessment of Tone Mapped Images Hojatollah Yeganeh assessment methods pro- vide useful references, they are expensive and time-consuming, and are difficult to be embedded into optimization frameworks. In this paper, we propose a novel objective assessment method

Wang, Zhou

479

Training Samples in Objective Bayesian Model Selection 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training Samples in Objective Bayesian Model Selection 1 by James O. Berger Duke University North Central to several objective approaches to Bayesian model selection is the use of training samples prescription for choosing training samples is to choose them to be as small as possible, subject to yielding

West, Mike

480

Mobile Interaction with Web Services through Associated Real World Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobile Interaction with Web Services through Associated Real World Objects 1 Gregor Broll, 2 John to access and interact with Web Services through mobile interaction with real world objects. The demonstration will put a focus on the front-end of the framework that comprises augmented posters for mobile

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481

September 25, 2013 AFSCME Continues to Object to Pension Reform;  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

September 25, 2013 AFSCME Continues to Object to Pension Reform; UC Implements Latest Bargaining working conditions and reasonable pension reform. However, AFSCME has rejected UC's proposals. From the start, AFSCME leadership has objected to UC's responsible pension reform -- the kind of reform that

Leistikow, Bruce N.

482

Distinct neural systems subserve person and object knowledge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distinct neural systems subserve person and object knowledge Jason P. Mitchell* , Todd F semantic knowledge for different classes of inanimate objects (e.g., tools, musical instruments, and houses). What this work has yet to consider, however, is how conceptual knowledge about people may be organized

Mitchell, Jason

483

Enhancing Single-Objective Projective Clustering Ensembles Francesco Gullo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ensembles (PCE) has re- cently been formulated to solve the problem of deriving a robust projective consensus clustering from an ensemble of projective clustering solutions [1]. PCE is formalized. A major result in [1] is that single-objective PCE outperforms two-objective PCE in terms of efficiency

Domeniconi, Carlotta

484

Guide to good practices for developing learning objectives. DOE Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guide to good practices provides information and guidance on the types of and development of learning objectives in a systematic approach to training program. This document can serve as a reference during the development of new learning objectives or refinement of existing ones.

NONE

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Ultra-fast Object Recognition from Few Spikes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-01A1. Additional support was provided by: Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, and Toyota Motor Corporation. 1 #12;Primates can recognize and categorize objects as quickly as 200 ms after stimulus onset (1, 2). This remarkable ability underscores the high speed and efficiency of the object

Poggio, Tomaso

486

Emergence of Straight-Line Trajectory in Cooperative Object Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the object can be moved together with the robot. Ex- amples include the use of a robot arm equipped be accomplished by a single robot working in isolation. Obvious examples include transportation of large objects. Multiple robot coop- eration is therefore a natural choice for overcoming limited capabilities

Sudsang, Attawith

487

Evolutionary multi objective optimization for rule mining: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evolutionary multi objective optimization (EMOO) systems are evolutionary systems which are used for optimizing various measures of the evolving system. Rule mining has gained attention in the knowledge discovery literature. The problem of discovering ... Keywords: Evolutionary systems, Genetic algorithms, Genetic programming, Multi Objective Optimization, Rule mining

Sujatha Srinivasan; Sivakumar Ramakrishnan

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Dataset Issues in Object Recognition J. Ponce1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dataset Issues in Object Recognition J. Ponce1,2 , T.L. Berg3 , M. Everingham4 , D.A. Forsyth1 , M of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Abstract. Appropriate datasets are required at all stages of object recognition datasets are lacking in several respects, and this paper discusses some of the lessons learned from

Everingham, Mark

489

3D Keypoints Detection for Objects Recognition Ayet Shaiek1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Keypoints Detection for Objects Recognition Ayet Shaiek1 , and Fabien Moutarde1 1 Robotics a new 3D object recognition method that employs a set of 3D local features extracted from point cloud representation of 3D views. The method makes use of the 2D organization of range data produced by 3D sensor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

490

Differential and Numerically Invariant Signature Curves Applied to Object Recognition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce a new paradigm, the differential invariant signature curve or manifold, for the invariant recognition of visual objects. A general theorem of É. Cartan implies that two curves are related by a group transformation if and only if ... Keywords: Euclidean group, curve shortening flow, differential invariant, equi-affine group, joint invariant, numerical approximation, object recognition, signature curve, snake, symmetry group

Eugenio Calabi; Peter J. Olver; Chehrzad Shakiban; Allen Tannenbaum; Steven Haker

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Nested Queries in Object Bases Sophie Cluet Guido Moerkotte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nested Queries in Object Bases Sophie Cluet Guido Moerkotte INRIA Lehrstuhl f¨ur Informatik III BP for object­oriented (oo) databases allow nested subqueries. This paper contains (1) the first algebra which is capable of handling arbitrary nested queries and (2) the first complete classification of oo nested

Mannheim, Universität

492

An Object-Based Audio Rendering System using Spatial Parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Object-Based Audio Rendering System using Spatial Parameters Kuo-Lun Huang, Tai-Ming Chang, and Pao-Chi Chang Department of Communication Engineering National Central University Jhongli, Taiwan {klhuang, tmchang, pcchang}@vaplab.ce.ncu.edu.tw Abstract--In this paper, we propose an object-based audio

Chang, Pao-Chi

493

Multimodal presentation of dynamic object scenarios on the web  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a Web based presentation system for dynamic object scenarios. The system produces multimodal presentations based on 3D interactive animations, coordinated with adaptive spoken comments. User profiling and comments production are performed ... Keywords: 3D graphics, VRML, adaptive interfaces, dynamic object environments, multimodal presentation, natural language generation, sail racing

Andrea Esuli; Antonio Cisternino; Giuliano Pacini; Maria Simi

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Summary of Fast Pyrolysis and Upgrading GHG Analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 established new renewable fuel categories and eligibility requirements (EPA 2010). A significant aspect of the National Renewable Fuel Standard 2 (RFS2) program is the requirement that the life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of a qualifying renewable fuel be less than the life cycle GHG emissions of the 2005 baseline average gasoline or diesel fuel that it replaces. Four levels of reduction are required for the four renewable fuel standards. Table 1 lists these life cycle performance improvement thresholds. Table 1. Life Cycle GHG Thresholds Specified in EISA Fuel Type Percent Reduction from 2005 Baseline Renewable fuel 20% Advanced biofuel 50% Biomass-based diesel 50% Cellulosic biofuel 60% Notably, there is a specialized subset of advanced biofuels that are the cellulosic biofuels. The cellulosic biofuels are incentivized by the Cellulosic Biofuel Producer Tax Credit (26 USC 40) to stimulate market adoption of these fuels. EISA defines a cellulosic biofuel as follows (42 USC 7545(o)(1)(E)): The term “cellulosic biofuel” means renewable fuel derived from any cellulose, hemicellulose, or lignin that is derived from renewable biomass and that has lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, as determined by the Administrator, that are at least 60 percent less than the baseline lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions. As indicated, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has sole responsibility for conducting the life cycle analysis (LCA) and making the final determination of whether a given fuel qualifies under these biofuel definitions. However, there appears to be a need within the LCA community to discuss and eventually reach consensus on discerning a 50–59 % GHG reduction from a ? 60% GHG reduction for policy, market, and technology development. The level of specificity and agreement will require additional development of capabilities and time for the sustainability and analysis community, as illustrated by the rich dialogue and convergence around the energy content and GHG reduction of cellulosic ethanol (an example of these discussions can be found in Wang 2011). GHG analyses of fast pyrolysis technology routes are being developed and will require significant work to reach the levels of development and maturity of cellulosic ethanol models. This summary provides some of the first fast pyrolysis analyses and clarifies some of the reasons for differing results in an effort to begin the convergence on assumptions, discussion of quality of models, and harmonization.

Snowden-Swan, Lesley J.; Male, Jonathan L.

2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

495

Comparison of 2D and 3D gamma analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: As clinics begin to use 3D metrics for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) quality assurance, it must be noted that these metrics will often produce results different from those produced by their 2D counterparts. 3D and 2D gamma analyses would be expected to produce different values, in part because of the different search space available. In the present investigation, the authors compared the results of 2D and 3D gamma analysis (where both datasets were generated in the same manner) for clinical treatment plans. Methods: Fifty IMRT plans were selected from the authors’ clinical database, and recalculated using Monte Carlo. Treatment planning system-calculated (“evaluated dose distributions”) and Monte Carlo-recalculated (“reference dose distributions”) dose distributions were compared using 2D and 3D gamma analysis. This analysis was performed using a variety of dose-difference (5%, 3%, 2%, and 1%) and distance-to-agreement (5, 3, 2, and 1 mm) acceptance criteria, low-dose thresholds (5%, 10%, and 15% of the prescription dose), and data grid sizes (1.0, 1.5, and 3.0 mm). Each comparison was evaluated to determine the average 2D and 3D gamma, lower 95th percentile gamma value, and percentage of pixels passing gamma. Results: The average gamma, lower 95th percentile gamma value, and percentage of passing pixels for each acceptance criterion demonstrated better agreement for 3D than for 2D analysis for every plan comparison. The average difference in the percentage of passing pixels between the 2D and 3D analyses with no low-dose threshold ranged from 0.9% to 2.1%. Similarly, using a low-dose threshold resulted in a difference between the mean 2D and 3D results, ranging from 0.8% to 1.5%. The authors observed no appreciable differences in gamma with changes in the data density (constant difference: 0.8% for 2D vs 3D). Conclusions: The authors found that 3D gamma analysis resulted in up to 2.9% more pixels passing than 2D analysis. It must be noted that clinical 2D versus 3D datasets may have additional differences—for example, if 2D measurements are made with a different dosimeter than 3D measurements. Factors such as inherent dosimeter differences may be an important additional consideration to the extra dimension of available data that was evaluated in this study.

Pulliam, Kiley B.; Huang, Jessie Y.; Howell, Rebecca M.; Followill, David; Kry, Stephen F., E-mail: sfkry@mdanderson.org [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Bosca, Ryan [Department of Imaging Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Imaging Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); O’Daniel, Jennifer [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Renewable and Recycled Energy Objective | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable and Recycled Energy Objective Renewable and Recycled Energy Objective Renewable and Recycled Energy Objective < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Wind Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standard Provider North Dakota Public Service Commission In March 2007, the North Dakota enacted legislation (H.B. 1506) establishing an ''objective'' that 10% of all retail electricity sold in the state be obtained from renewable energy and recycled energy by 2015. The objective must be measured by qualifying megawatt-hours (MWh) delivered at retail, or by credits purchased and retired to offset non-qualifying

497

Cognitive objectives vs Affective objectives in Sustainability curriculum In exploring for the general goals of an academic program in sustainability, even if only  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive objectives vs Affective objectives in Sustainability curriculum In exploring to follow Bloom's distinction between cognitive objectives and affective objectives: Remember: Demonstrate goals, while England chooses language to emphasize cognitive learning goals. Australia: Understand

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

498

Reviewing PSA-based analyses to modify technical specifications at nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Changes to Technical Specifications (TSs) at nuclear power plants (NPPs) require review and approval by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC). Currently, many requests for changes to TSs use analyses that are based on a plant`s probabilistic safety assessment (PSA). This report presents an approach to reviewing such PSA-based submittals for changes to TSs. We discuss the basic objectives of reviewing a PSA-based submittal to modify NPP TSs; the methodology of reviewing a TS submittal, and the differing roles of a PSA review, a PSA Computer Code review, and a review of a TS submittal. To illustrate this approach, we discuss our review of changes to allowed outage time (AOT) and surveillance test interval (STI) in the TS for the South Texas Project Nuclear Generating Station. Based on this experience gained, a check-list of items is given for future reviewers; it can be used to verify that the submittal contains sufficient information, and also that the review has addressed the relevant issues. Finally, recommended steps in the review process and the expected findings of each step are discussed.

Samanta, P.K.; Martinez-Guridi, G. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Vesely, W.E. [Science Applications International Corporation, Dublin, OH (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Senior Technical Safety Manager  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Worksheet For Duties and Responsibilities Worksheet For Duties and Responsibilities Ratings were arrived at by analyzing all rating inputs Importance Scale Frequency How important is this task to the job? How often is the task performed? 0 = Not Performed 0 = Not Performed 1 = Not Important 1 = Every few months to yearly 2 = Somewhat Important 2 = Every few weeks to monthly 3 = Important 3 = Every few days to weekly 4 = Very Important 4 = Every few hours to daily 5 = Extremely Important 5 = Hourly to many times each hour Duties and Responsibilities Source Importance Frequency #1 - Integrate safety into management and work practices to accomplish mission objectives, while ensuring worker and public health and safety, and the protection of the environment. This includes

500

Human factors issues in qualitative and quantitative safety analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Humans are a critical and integral part of any operational system, be it a nuclear reactor, a facility for assembly or disassembling hazardous components, or a transportation network. In our concern over the safety of these systems, we often focus our attention on the hardware engineering components of such systems. However, experience has repeatedly demonstrated that it is often the human component that is the primary determinant of overall system safety. Both the nuclear reactor accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island and shipping disasters such as the Exxon Valdez and the Herald of Free Enterprise accidents are attributable to human error. Concern over human contributions to system safety prompts us to include reviews of human factors issues in our safety analyses. In the conduct of Probabilistic Risk Assessments (PRAs), human factors issues are addressed using a quantitative method called Human Reliability Analysis (HRA). HRAs typically begin with the identification of potential sources of human error in accident sequences of interest. Human error analysis often employs plant and/or procedures walk-downs in which the analyst considers the ``goodness`` of procedures, training, and human-machine interfaces concerning their potential contribution to human error. Interviews with expert task performers may also be conducted. In the application of HRA, once candidate sources of human error have been identified, error probabilities are developed.

Hahn, H.A.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z