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  1. Westinghouse Reactor Protection System Unavailability, 1984--1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eide, Steven Arvid; Calley, Michael Brennan; Gentillon, Cynthia Ann; Wierman, Thomas Edward; Rasmuson, D.; Marksberry, D.

    1999-08-01

    An analysis was performed of the safety-related performance of the reactor protection system (RPS) at U. S. Westinghouse commercial reactors during the period 1984 through 1995. RPS operational data were collected from the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System and Licensee Event Reports. A risk-based analysis was performed on the data to estimate the observed unavailability of the RPS, based on a fault tree model of the system. Results were compared with existing unavailability estimates from Individual Plant Examinations and other reports.

  2. Westinghouse Reactor Protection System Unavailability, 1984-1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. D. Gentillon; D. Marksberry (USNRC); D. Rasmuson; M. B. Calley; S. A. Eide; T. Wierman (INEEL)

    1999-08-01

    An analysis was performed of the safety-related performance of the reactor protection system (RPS) at U.S. Westinghouse commercial reactors during the period 1984 through 1995. RPS operational data were collected from the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System and Licensee Event Reports. A risk-based analysis was performed on the data to estimate the observed unavailability of the RPS, based on a fault tree model of the system. Results were compared with existing unavailability estimates from Individual Plant Examinations and other reports.

  3. Quantifying the Impact of Unavailability in Cyber-Physical Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aissa, Anis Ben; Abercrombie, Robert K; Sheldon, Federick T.; Mili, Ali

    2014-01-01

    The Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system discussed in this work manages a distributed control network for the Tunisian Electric & Gas Utility. The network is dispersed over a large geographic area that monitors and controls the flow of electricity/gas from both remote and centralized locations. The availability of the SCADA system in this context is critical to ensuring the uninterrupted delivery of energy, including safety, security, continuity of operations and revenue. Such SCADA systems are the backbone of national critical cyber-physical infrastructures. Herein, we propose adapting the Mean Failure Cost (MFC) metric for quantifying the cost of unavailability. This new metric combines the classic availability formulation with MFC. The resulting metric, so-called Econometric Availability (EA), offers a computational basis to evaluate a system in terms of the gain/loss ($/hour of operation) that affects each stakeholder due to unavailability.

  4. Submitted to DOI: 10.1002/aenm.((please add manuscript number))

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Submitted to 1 1 DOI: 10.1002/aenm.((please add manuscript number)) Article type: Full paper Morphology and Efficiency: The case of polymer/ZnO solar cells L. Jan Anton Koster*, Ole Stenzel, Stefan D cells; zinc oxide #12;Submitted to 2 2 ABSTRACT The performance of polymer solar cells critically

  5. 503 Service Temporarily Unavailable

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of rare Kaonforsupernovae modelsearch this siteSearch Go! USU.S.Temporarily

  6. Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.200604112

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Lula

    Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.200604112 Fluorescence-Lifetime Imaging of DNA­Dye Interactions within Continuous-Flow Microfluidic Systems** Richard K. P. Benninger, Oliver Hofmann, Björn Önfelt, Ian compared to macroscale instruments, microfluidic systems engender a number of distinct advantages

  7. Epinephrine for Anaphylaxis: Underutilized and Unavailable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudley, Larissa S.; Mansour, Madonna I.; Merlin, Mark A.

    2015-01-01

    commonly triggered by foods, medications, and insect stings.food reactions averaged 25-30 minutes, 10-15 minutes for insectfoods that cause respiratory symptoms, while anaphylaxis in the elderly manifests with cardiovascular symptoms, most often triggered by medications or insect

  8. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 675 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.42

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number declared no competing interests. ORAL POSTERS ­ PRE-CLINICAL The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS

  9. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 685 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.53

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number of ECTS and IBMS Rotterdam, The Netherlands 25­28 April 2015 POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS, DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS

  10. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 679 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.46

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number `Defining the Bone Metastasis Niche'. CABS ORAL COMMUNICATIONS The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS

  11. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 680 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.47

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number PARALLEL PROGRAMME The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS Rotterdam, The Netherlands 25­28 April 2015 CABS

  12. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 677 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.44

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS Rotterdam, The Netherlands 25­28 April 2015 OC1.1 Wnt16 Promotes

  13. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 676 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.43

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number and IBMS Rotterdam, The Netherlands 25­28 April 2015 OP1 (P16) HR-pQCT and DXA Changes in Bone Density

  14. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 684 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.52

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number Meeting of ECTS and IBMS Rotterdam, The Netherlands 25­28 April 2015 CECR 1 Which Came First: Parathyroid

  15. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 674 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.41

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number POSTERS - CABS The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS Rotterdam, The Netherlands 25­28 April 2015 CABS OP1

  16. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 3, Article number: 673 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.40

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 3, Article number.86 [95% CI=0.78-0.94]) and THR POSTER PRESENTATIONS The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS Rotterdam

  17. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 682 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.50

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number of ECTS and IBMS Rotterdam, The Netherlands 25­28 April 2015 D1.1 Abstract not available D1.2 This House

  18. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 681 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.49

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number reserved 1940-8692/15 www.nature.com/bonekey WORKSHOP ABSTRACTS The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS

  19. IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number: 683 (2015) | doi:10.1038/bonekey.2015.51

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    2015-01-01

    IBMS BoneKEy | The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS 1 Citation: IBMS BoneKEy 13, Article number ABSTRACTS The 4th Joint Meeting of ECTS and IBMS Rotterdam, The Netherlands 25­28 April 2015 S1.1 Abstract

  20. Change Number

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene Network ShapingDate: M-16-04-04 Federal FacilityChange Number

  1. MATHEMATICAL BIOSCIENCES doi:10.3934/mbe.2011.8.503 AND ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinow, Peter

    MATHEMATICAL BIOSCIENCES doi:10.3934/mbe.2011.8.503 AND ENGINEERING Volume 8, Number 2, April 2011´ozsef Z. Farkas Department of Computing Science and Mathematics University of Stirling Stirling, FK9 4LA

  2. Carter, G.S., O.B. Fringer, and E.D. Zaron. 2012. Regional models of internal tides. Oceanography 25(2):5665, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.42.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fringer, Oliver B.

    . Oceanography 25(2):56­65, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.42. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.42 COPYRIGHT This article has been published in Oceanography, Volume 25, Number 2, a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright 2012 by The Oceanography Society. All rights reserved. USAGE Permission

  3. Lumpkin, R., and P.J. Flament. 2013. Extent and energetics of the Hawaiian Lee Countercurrent. Oceanography 26(1):5865, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2013.05.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Countercurrent. Oceanography 26(1):58­65, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2013.05. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2013.05 COPYRIGHT This article has been published in Oceanography, Volume 26, Number 1, a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright 2013 by The Oceanography Society. All rights

  4. Smyth, W.D., and J.N. Moum. 2012. Ocean mixing by Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. Oceanography 25(2):140149, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.49.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Oceanography 25(2):140­149, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.49. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.49 COPYRIGHT This article has been published in Oceanography, Volume 25, Number 2, a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright 2012 by The Oceanography Society. All rights reserved

  5. Solar Cells DOI: 10.1002/ange.201203330

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under award number DE-SC0001085) and the FENA (Grant 2009-NTSolar Cells DOI: 10.1002/ange.201203330 A Supramolecular Complex in Small-Molecule Solar Cells is surrounded by the electron-rich aromatic compound. When these materials are deposited as either bilayered

  6. Natural Products DOI: 10.1002/anie.200800086

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, David W. C.

    Natural Products DOI: 10.1002/anie.200800086 Total Synthesis and Structural Revision of structurally complex and diverse natural products with intriguing biological activity. In 1996 and 1997 Minale antitumor and antiviral agents from marine sponge extracts has resulted in the identification of a number

  7. Volume 14, Number 5 doi:10.1002/ggge.20105

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toomey, Doug

    spreading center, which included earthquakes in West Valley, the northern portion of the Endeavour segment on the propagating tip of the West Valley segment in both swarms. The dike on the northern Endeavour propagated

  8. Volume 14, Number 5 doi:10.1002/ggge.20104

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    has been escaping along the Little Grand Wash and Salt Wash grabens for at least 400,000 years, based on U-Th dating of surface car- bonate deposits. [Kampman et al., 2012; Dockrill and Shipton, 2010]. Near the town of Green River, Utah, the red-bed Entrada sandstone, exposed by the Salt Wash graben

  9. Estimation of the reproduction number of dengue fever from spatial epidemic data q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowell, Gerardo

    Estimation of the reproduction number of dengue fever from spatial epidemic data q G. Chowell a et al., Estimation of the reproduction number of dengue fever ..., Math. Biosci. (2007), doi:10; Mexico 1. Introduction Dengue, a mosquito-borne disease, is endemic in many countries in Africa

  10. On Ramsey Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhananjay P. Mehendale

    2006-05-24

    In this paper we define new numbers called the Neo-Ramsay numbers. We show that these numbers are in fact equal to the Ramsay numbers. Neo-Ramsey numbers are easy to compute and for finding them it is not necessary to check all possible graphs but enough to check only special kind of graphs having a well-defined adjacency pattern.

  11. 1 -Routing Number 2 -Account Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    you will need: · Your Harvard University Id Number (HUID) · Your HUID pin number · Your Checking/Savings on the right side of the screen under Payroll and Compensation. #12;*Please, in an effort to save paper and if you do not wish to receive a paper copy of the check. Click the small box above the SAVE button. CLICK

  12. Shannon Capacity Ramsey Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    Shannon Capacity Ramsey Numbers Old links between Shannon and Ramsey New links between Shannon and Ramsey Bounds on Shannon Capacity and Ramsey Numbers from Product of Graphs Xiaodong Xu1 Stanislaw Institute of Technology, NY, USA March 2014 1/24 #12;Shannon Capacity Ramsey Numbers Old links between

  13. The Thermal Conductivity of Rocks and Its Dependence Upon Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    unavailable. Authors F. Birch and H. Clark Published Journal American Journal of Science, 1940 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online...

  14. Unavailable Data Sources in Mediator Based Applications Philippe Bonnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomasic, Anthony

    information system a mediator accesses data sources located in the di erent services to provide doctors a network of public and private institutions a mediator accesses the data sources located in each in the application. New data sources are needed due to the evolution of the hospital information system: services

  15. The Number of Scholarly Documents on the Public Web Madian Khabsa1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    The Number of Scholarly Documents on the Public Web Madian Khabsa1 , C. Lee Giles1,2 * 1 Computer of Scholarly Documents on the Public Web. PLoS ONE 9(5): e93949. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093949 Editor: Ren to the public and others limited to subscribers. Numerous databases and search engines such as Google Scholar

  16. A Microfluidic Rectifier: Anisotropic Flow Resistance at Low Reynolds Numbers Alex Groisman* and Stephen R. Quake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    A Microfluidic Rectifier: Anisotropic Flow Resistance at Low Reynolds Numbers Alex Groisman are reversible. In microfluidic devices, where Re is essentially always low, this implies that flow resistance as a dynamic valve and may find applications in microfluidic pumps and other integrated devices. DOI: 10

  17. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH Volume 24, Number 2, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH Volume 24, Number 2, 2009 Published online on October 13, 2008; doi: 10.1359/JBMR.81005 Ó 2009 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Prolonged Treatments With Antiresorptive Agents and PTH Have Different Effects on Bone Strength and the Degree of Mineralization in Old

  18. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH Volume 24, Number 11, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgoyne, Chris

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH Volume 24, Number 11, 2009 Published online on May 4, 2009; doi: 10.1359/JBMR.090504 Ó 2009 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Femoral Neck Trabecular fracture cases have sufficient trabecular bone for anabolic therapies to build on. J Bone Miner Res 2009;24:1808

  19. Number Theory Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $author.value

    2014-12-03

    Dec 3, 2014 ... TBA, Rachel Davis ... September 26, Rachel Davis .... Dessins d'Enfants · Indiana Pi Bill · Notes and Publications · Number Theory Seminar ...

  20. DISCRETE AND CONTINUOUS doi:10.3934/dcds.2009.23.1169 DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    an hour or even shorter as in the cases of tsunami so proper warn- ing can be issued. Furthermore, in manyDISCRETE AND CONTINUOUS doi:10.3934/dcds.2009.23.1169 DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS Volume 23, Number 4, April 2009 pp. 1169­1190 NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF A TWO-DIMENSIONAL BOUSSINESQ SYSTEM Min Chen Department

  1. JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL AND doi:10.3934/jimo.2010.6.xx MANAGEMENT OPTIMIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Aurélio R. L.

    JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL AND doi:10.3934/jimo.2010.6.xx MANAGEMENT OPTIMIZATION Volume 6, Number 2, C.P. 6101 Campinas, SP, Brazil (Communicated by Liqun Qi) Abstract. This paper presents such as the inclusion of new control vari- ables representing facts devices and the corresponding adaptation of the load

  2. Big Numbers | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with a length of 35 cm, which certainly helps . With Avogadro's number and the density of liquid hydrogen, we have about 1024 protons per cm2. We then take the beam of 160...

  3. KPA Activity Number

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    September 2002 Page 1 KPA Activity Number KPA Activity SEM Section SME Work Product SQSE Web Site http:cio.doe.govsqse REQUIREMENTS MANAGEMENT RM-1 The software engineering...

  4. Report number codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, R.N.

    1985-05-01

    This publication lists all report number codes processed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. The report codes are substantially based on the American National Standards Institute, Standard Technical Report Number (STRN)-Format and Creation Z39.23-1983. The Standard Technical Report Number (STRN) provides one of the primary methods of identifying a specific technical report. The STRN consists of two parts: The report code and the sequential number. The report code identifies the issuing organization, a specific program, or a type of document. The sequential number, which is assigned in sequence by each report issuing entity, is not included in this publication. Part I of this compilation is alphabetized by report codes followed by issuing installations. Part II lists the issuing organization followed by the assigned report code(s). In both Parts I and II, the names of issuing organizations appear for the most part in the form used at the time the reports were issued. However, for some of the more prolific installations which have had name changes, all entries have been merged under the current name.

  5. UCGE Reports Number 20284

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    ABSTRACT Oil and gas are global fuels obtained primarily from drilling wells in underground terrestrial reservoirs. Vertical drilling is preferred because of its simplicity and therefore low cost, but subsurfaceUCGE Reports Number 20284 Department of Geomatics Engineering Continuous Measurement-While-Drilling

  6. Student Code Number: Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeny, Brian

    Student Code Number: Thermodynamics Ph.D. Qualifying Exam Department of Mechanical Engineering;Thermodynamics Qualifier January 2013 Problem 1 Air is compressed in an axial-flow compressor operating at steady of exergy destruction within the compressor, in kJ per kg of air flowing. #12;Thermodynamics Qualifier

  7. UCGE Reports Number 20146

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    in considerable operational cost savings for many exploration and open-pit mining companies in the energy sectorUCGE Reports Number 20146 Department of Geomatics Engineering Development of a Mobile Equipment Equipment Management System solution. In the open-pit mining industries there is a need for these companies

  8. Australia NO REGISTRATION NUMBER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Turkey UK USA Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece#12;#12;Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece Ireland Italy Japan Macedonia Ireland Italy Japan Macedonia Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Turkey UK USA #12;NO REGISTRATION NUMBER 1

  9. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 89, 013019 (2014) Confined rotating convection with large Prandtl number: Centrifugal effects on wall modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marques, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    : Centrifugal effects on wall modes Jezabel Curbelo Instituto de Ciencias Matem´aticas (CSIC-UAM-UC3M-to-height aspect ratio of = 4 for fluids with large Prandtl number is studied numerically. Centrifugal buoyancy of the centrifugal buoyancy effects with significant dynamical consequences, which are detailed. DOI: 10.1103/Phys

  10. doi: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2005.00224.x Population Structure in the Mediterranean Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    doi: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2005.00224.x Population Structure in the Mediterranean Basin: A Y Department of Human Genetics, Universit´e Paris, Paris, France Summary The Mediterranean region has been. Introduction The Mediterranean basin has witnessed a number of dramatic demographic events throughout time

  11. Quantum random number generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Stipcevic; B. Medved Rogina

    2007-01-01

    We report upon a novel principle for realization of a fast nondeterministic random number generator whose randomness relies on intrinsic randomness of the quantum physical processes of photonic emission in semiconductors and subsequent detection by the photoelectric effect. Timing information of detected photons is used to generate binary random digits-bits. The bit extraction method based on restartable clock theoretically eliminates both bias and autocorrelation while reaching efficiency of almost 0.5 bits per random event. A prototype has been built and statistically tested.

  12. Neither Name, Nor Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federico Holik

    2011-12-20

    Since its origins, Quantum mechanics has presented problems with the concept of individuality. It is argued that quantum particles do not have individuality, and so, one can speak about "entities without identity". On the contrary, we claim that the problem of quantum non individuality goes deeper, and that one of its most important features is the fact that there are quantum systems for which particle number is not well defined. In this work, we continue this discussion in relation to the problem about the one and the many.

  13. On Some Zarankiewicz Numbers and Bipartite Ramsey Numbers for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    On Some Zarankiewicz Numbers and Bipartite Ramsey Numbers for Quadrilateral Janusz Dybizba Ramsey number b(n1, · · · , nk) is the least positive integer b such that any coloring of the edges of Kb Ramsey numbers avoiding quadrilateral. In particular, we prove that b4(2) = 19, and establish new general

  14. Solar Phys (2011) 274:321344 DOI 10.1007/s11207-011-9737-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    2011-01-01

    Solar Phys (2011) 274:321­344 DOI 10.1007/s11207-011-9737-2 THE SUN­EARTH CONNECTION NEAR SOLAR MINIMUM Comparing Solar Minimum 23/24 with Historical Solar Wind Records at 1 AU L.K. Jian · C.T. Russell on the variations of sunspot numbers, we choose a 1-year interval at each solar minimum from the beginning

  15. Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.201301524

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weibel, Douglas B.

    Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.201301524 Bacterial Growth and Adaptation in Microdroplet* We describe herein microfluidic technology for manipulating and monitoring continuous growth and the significant operational chal- lenges of traditional chemostats limit their use. Single-phase, microfluidic

  16. The Distribution of Ramsey Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane Clark; Frank Gaitan

    2014-11-10

    We prove that the number of integers in the interval [0,x] that are non-trivial Ramsey numbers r(k,n) (3 <= k <= n) has order of magnitude (x ln x)**(1/2).

  17. DOI Approves Three Renewable Energy Projects in Arizona and Nevada...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    collaboration with its sister agencies at DOI:-the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the National Park Service. See the DOI press release. Addthis...

  18. Ordered Ramsey numbers David Conlon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Jacob

    Ordered Ramsey numbers David Conlon Jacob Fox Choongbum Lee Benny Sudakov§ Abstract Given a labeled graph H with vertex set {1, 2, . . . , n}, the ordered Ramsey number r with vertices appearing in the same order as in H. The ordered Ramsey number of a labeled graph H is at least

  19. Hypergraph Ramsey numbers David Conlon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Jacob

    Hypergraph Ramsey numbers David Conlon Jacob Fox Benny Sudakov Abstract The Ramsey number rk(s, n). In this paper we obtain new estimates for several basic hypergraph Ramsey problems. We give a new upper bound-color Ramsey number r3(n, n, n), which is the minimum N such that every 3-coloring of the triples

  20. Data Compression with Prime Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon Chalmers

    2005-11-16

    A compression algorithm is presented that uses the set of prime numbers. Sequences of numbers are correlated with the prime numbers, and labeled with the integers. The algorithm can be iterated on data sets, generating factors of doubles on the compression.

  1. The Rockefeller University Press, 0021-9525/2001/07/403/12 $5.00 The Journal of Cell Biology, Volume 154, Number 2, July 23, 2001 403414

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baillie, David

    The Rockefeller University Press, 0021-9525/2001/07/403/12 $5.00 The Journal of Cell Biology, Volume 154, Number 2, July 23, 2001 403­414 http://www.jcb.org/cgi/doi/10.1083/jcb.200007075 JCBArticle 403 MUP-4 is a novel transmembrane protein with functions in epithelial cell adhesion

  2. Compendium of Experimental Cetane Numbers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yanowitz, J.; Ratcliff, M. A.; McCormick, R. L.; Taylor, J. D.; Murphy, M. J.

    2014-08-01

    This report is an updated version of the 2004 Compendium of Experimental Cetane Number Data and presents a compilation of measured cetane numbers for pure chemical compounds. It includes all available single compound cetane number data found in the scientific literature up until March 2014 as well as a number of unpublished values, most measured over the past decade at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This Compendium contains cetane values for 389 pure compounds, including 189 hydrocarbons and 201 oxygenates. More than 250 individual measurements are new to this version of the Compendium. For many compounds, numerous measurements are included, often collected by different researchers using different methods. Cetane number is a relative ranking of a fuel's autoignition characteristics for use in compression ignition engines; it is based on the amount of time between fuel injection and ignition, also known as ignition delay. The cetane number is typically measured either in a single-cylinder engine or a constant volume combustion chamber. Values in the previous Compendium derived from octane numbers have been removed, and replaced with a brief analysis of the correlation between cetane numbers and octane numbers. The discussion on the accuracy and precision of the most commonly used methods for measuring cetane has been expanded and the data has been annotated extensively to provide additional information that will help the reader judge the relative reliability of individual results.

  3. IOP PUBLISHING FLUID DYNAMICS RESEARCH Fluid Dyn. Res. 41 (2009) 065001 (24pp) doi:10.1088/0169-5983/41/6/065001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Pascal

    2009-01-01

    be encountered as a function of the Ohnesorge number. For large values, a laminar flow is encountered insideIOP PUBLISHING FLUID DYNAMICS RESEARCH Fluid Dyn. Res. 41 (2009) 065001 (24pp) doi:10 Abstract This work presents current advances in the numerical simulation of two- phase flows using a volume

  4. American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings 2015, 105(5): 396401 http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.p20151049

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    .1257/aer.p20151049 The United States, despite its affluence, faces a number of daunting policy challenges://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.p20151049 to visit the article page for additional materials and author disclo- sure

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 582, pp. 341376. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007005903 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2007-01-01

    J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 582, pp. 341­376. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S of this instability is performed. Effects of Reynolds number, the density ratio of ambient- to-jet fluid (S1), shear repeated for different fuel types (methane, propylene and propane), transitional and turbulent microgravity

  6. ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 2001, 62, 10391045 doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1848, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 2001, 62, 1039­1045 doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1848, available online at http KELLER Institute of Ecology, University of Lausanne (Received 2 May 2001; initial acceptance 21 June 2001; final acceptance 6 August 2001; MS. number: 6931) We investigated how queens share parentage (skew

  7. IOP PUBLISHING PLASMA SOURCES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 18 (2009) 045003 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0963-0252/18/4/045003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    uranium is produced by the gas centrifuge method [7], a significant number of isotopes are still produced (6pp) doi:10.1088/0963-0252/18/4/045003 Wave-driven countercurrent plasma centrifuge Abraham J centrifuge is described. The rotation is produced by radiofrequency waves near the cyclotron resonance

  8. Number

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the Weldon Spring,7=cr5rnP 7694 i+lJNew York,' , /v-i 2

  9. Pipeline MT Instructions Identification Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Don

    Pipeline MT Instructions Identification Number For identification purposes, you will be assigned a special identification number. M# You can activate your MT email, login to PipelineMT to register for classes or pay tuition and fees. Activating the MTSU Email and PipelineMT accounts: Visit the website

  10. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Colsant, J.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-03-01

    Contents include articles entitled: California DHS sues US Interior Department to compel land transfer; LLW Forum holds winter meeting; LLW Forum waste information working group meets; LLW Forum regulatory issues discussion group meets; Envirocare investigation transferred to feds; Host state TCC meets in Laughlin, Nevada; BLM to require new permit for California site testing; Federal agencies and committees; Pena sworn in as Energy Secretary, Grumbly departs DOE; U.S. Supreme Court tackles property rights issues; GAO to study DOI`s actions; Congress scrutinizes FY `98 budget requests; and Senate committee passes high-level waste bill: Clinton threatens to veto.

  11. doi:10.1038/90785 August 2001 Volume 19 Number 8 p 739

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miao, Jianwei "John"

    and soluble in water, it represents a significant environmental hazard for humans. To date, the aromatic not support the benzene-degrading Pseudomonas putida strains that require oxygen used in bioremediation, these strains should prove useful in bioremediation efforts. JB ES cells leave their imprint Animals produced

  12. Submitted to DOI: 10.1002/adma.((please add manuscript number))

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -cleaning surfaces,[11] liquid-liquid separation membranes,[12] and anti-fogging films.[13] Various research groups

  13. DOI: 10.1002/ ((please add manuscript number)) Article type: Full Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,* and Gareth H. McKinley* Dr. Hossein Sojoudi, Prof. Karen K. Gleason Department of Chemical Engineering@mit.edu Dr. Hossein Sojoudi, Prof. Gareth H. McKinley Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts and small gas (e.g., methane, ethane, carbon dioxide, propane) or liquid (e.g., cyclopentane

  14. Types of random numbers and Monte Carlo Methods Pseudorandom number generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mascagni, Michael

    Types of random numbers and Monte Carlo Methods Pseudorandom number generation Quasirandom number generation Conclusions WE246: Random Number Generation A Practitioner's Overview Prof. Michael Mascagni #12;Types of random numbers and Monte Carlo Methods Pseudorandom number generation Quasirandom number

  15. Motion at low Reynolds number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Daniel See Wai, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    The work described in this thesis centers on inertialess motion at low Reynolds numbers at the crossroad between biofluids and microfluids. Here we address questions regarding locomotion of micro-swimmers, transport of ...

  16. Departmental Business Instrument Numbering System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-01-27

    The Order prescribes the procedures for assigning identifying numbers to all Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) business instruments. Cancels DOE O 540.1. Canceled by DOE O 540.1B.

  17. Departmental Business Instrument Numbering System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-12-05

    To prescribe procedures for assigning identifying numbers to all Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration, business instruments. Cancels DOE 1331.2B. Canceled by DOE O 540.1A.

  18. MOTOR POOL RESERVATIONS Reservation Number:_______________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    of Department Chair or Organization Advisor: ________________________________________ Chart String Number: Fund: ______________________________________________________________________ Name of Department or Organization: _____________________________________________________ Name reservations require the "Organization Authorization for University Vehicles" form to be faxed to Motor Pool

  19. Kentucky Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Kentucky Natural Gas Number

  20. TRANSPORT NUMBER GRADIENTS AND SOLID ELECTROLYTE DEGRADATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Jonghe, Lutgard C.

    2014-01-01

    NUMBER GRADIENTS AND SOLID ELECTROLYTE DEGRADATION LutgardNUMBER GRADIENTS AND SOLID ELECTROLYTE DEGRADATION LutgardNUMBER GRADIENTS AND SOLID ELECTROLYTE DEGRADATION Lutgard

  1. TRANSPORT NUMBER GRADIENTS AND SOLID ELECTROLYTE DEGRADATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Jonghe, Lutgard C.

    2012-01-01

    NUMBER GRADIENTS AND SOLID ELECTROLYTE DEGRADATION LutgardNUMBER GRADIENTS AND SOLID ELECTROLYTE DEGRADATION LutgardNUMBER GRADIENTS AND SOLID ELECTROLYTE DEGRADATION Lutgard

  2. Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/----

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/·····-···-···-····-· Solar Chemical Abundances Determined with a CO5BOLD Springer ···· Abstract In the last decade, the photospheric solar metallicity as determined from atmospheres seemed to play a role. This "decrease" with time of the metallicity of the solar photosphere

  3. Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/----

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudson, Hugh

    Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/·····-···-···-····-· Momentum Distribution in Solar Flare Processes H discuss the consequences of momentum conservation in processes related to solar flares and coronal mass considered in dis- cussions of the dynamics of solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). The exception

  4. Nanodiamonds DOI: 10.1002/anie.201209192

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tománek, David

    #12;Nanodiamonds DOI: 10.1002/anie.201209192 Evidence of Diamond Nanowires Formed inside Carbon crystalline carbon, and a variety of 3D sp3 (nanodiamond) nanostructures were discovered successively petroleum only about a decade ago.[6] The growth of diamond from such nanodiamonds[7] was only just recently

  5. Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.200805225

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.200805225 Plug-Based Microfluidics with Defined Surface Chemistry Choi, Eric M. Norstrom, Sangram S. Sisodia, and Rustem F. Ismagilov* We present a microfluidic method such experiments can be performed by using a microfluidic system. To miniaturize aggregation experiments while

  6. Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.200602946

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.200602946 Time-Controlled Microfluidic Seeding in nL- Volume-controlled seeding to separate the stages of nucleation and growth in protein crystallization using a microfluidic device. We quantified microfluidic seeding using a model protein, developed a [*] C. J. Gerdts, Prof. R

  7. Mesostructures DOI: 10.1002/anie.201310748

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ihee, Hyotcherl

    crystalline mesostruc- tures of various inorganic materials without requiring a com- plicated synthesisMesostructures DOI: 10.1002/anie.201310748 Random-Graft Polymer-Directed Synthesis of Inorganic for mesostructured materials composed of ultrathin inorganic frameworks using amorphous linear-chain polymers

  8. Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/smll.200700238

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Mara

    Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/smll.200700238 Synthesis of Composite Emulsions and Complex Foams with the use of Microfluidic Flow-Focusing Devices Michinao Hashimoto, Piotr Garstecki, and George M and droplets. A system of two or three microfluidic flow- focusing units is coupled to a single outlet channel

  9. Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/----

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/·····-···-···-····-· Magnetography of Solar Flaring Loops with Microwave developed a general framework for modeling gyrosynchrotron and free-free emission from solar flaring loops be deduced from spatially resolved microwave spectropolarimetry data. In this paper we show quantitative

  10. Experimental determination of Ramsey numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhengbing Bian; Fabian Chudak; William G. Macready; Lane Clark; Frank Gaitan

    2013-08-14

    Ramsey theory is a highly active research area in mathematics that studies the emergence of order in large disordered structures. Ramsey numbers mark the threshold at which order first appears and are extremely difficult to calculate due to their explosive rate of growth. Recently, an algorithm that can be implemented using adiabatic quantum evolution has been proposed that calculates the two-color Ramsey numbers $R(m,n)$. Here we present results of an experimental implementation of this algorithm and show that it correctly determines the Ramsey numbers R(3,3) and $R(m,2)$ for $4\\leq m\\leq 8$. The R(8,2) computation used 84 qubits of which 28 were computational qubits. This computation is the largest experimental implementation of a scientifically meaningful adiabatic evolution algorithm that has been done to date.

  11. Memorandum of Understanding between DOI and DOA - Implementation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Understanding between DOI and DOA - Implementation of Section 225 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 Regarding Geothermal Leasing and Permitting Jump to: navigation, search...

  12. Constrained Ramsey Numbers of Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Tao

    Constrained Ramsey Numbers of Graphs Robert E. Jamison,1 Tao Jiang,2* and Alan C. H. Ling3 1-like trees. � 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Graph Theory 42: 1­16, 2003 Keywords: Ramsey; monochromatic edges have the same color and rainbow iff all of its edges have different colors. In classical Ramsey

  13. Swimming by numbers QUANTUM CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahadevan, L.

    flow, providing key qualitative insight in fluid mechanics. For example, the so-called Reynolds number be described by a universal mechanical principle seems optimistic -- if not entirely unrealistic. Now, however and pressure forces relevant for net propulsion. A measure of the thrust force is given by the mass

  14. Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential Consumers (Number of33Cubic Foot)Year Jan

  15. California Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4 ArizonaResidential Consumers (Number of Elements)

  16. Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,Decade Year-03.823,172 3,009165,360Industrial Consumers (Number of

  17. Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,Decade Year-03.823,172 3,009165,360Industrial Consumers (Number

  18. North Dakota Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYear Jan FebElements) Industrial Consumers (Number of

  19. North Dakota Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYear Jan FebElements) Industrial Consumers (Number

  20. VOLUME 87, NUMBER 25 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 17 DECEMBER 2001 Ion-Trap Quantum Logic Using Long-Wavelength Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunderlich, Christof

    radiation in the radiofrequency or microwave regime. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.257904 PACS numbers: 03 Logic Using Long-Wavelength Radiation Florian Mintert1 and Christof Wunderlich2,* 1 I. Institut fĂĽr radiation; the atom with mass m is trapped in a harmonic potential characterized by angular frequency vl

  1. VOLUME 86, NUMBER 2 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 8 JANUARY 2001 Stretch-Induced Hairpin-Coil Transitions in Designed Polynucleotide Chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yang

    the statistical weights of elementary nucleotide arrangements is by single-macromolecular mechanical measurements-Induced Hairpin-Coil Transitions in Designed Polynucleotide Chains Haijun Zhou,* Yang Zhang, and Zhong-Can Ou on specifically designed polynucleotides. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.356 PACS numbers: 87.15.By, 05.50.+q, 64

  2. UNCORRECTEDPROOF Please cite this article in press as: Chen, H. et al., Nanonization strategies for poorly water-soluble drugs, Drug Discov Today (2010), doi:10.1016/j.drudis.2010.02.009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jinming

    2010-01-01

    , Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Poor water solubility for poorly water-soluble drugs, Drug Discov Today (2010), doi:10.1016/j.drudis.2010.02.009 Drug Discovery Today Volume 00, Number 00 March 2010 REVIEWS Nanonization strategies for poorly water-soluble drugs

  3. Boss, E., and J. Loftin. 2012. Spotlight on education--Engineering literacy for undergraduates in marine science: A case for hands on. Oceanography 25(2):219221, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boss, Emmanuel S.

    for undergraduates in marine science: A case for hands on. Oceanography 25(2):219­221, http://dx.doi.org/10 in Oceanography, Volume 25, Number 2, a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright 2012 by The Oceanography Society. All rights reserved. USAGE Permission is granted to copy this article for use in teaching

  4. The Fermat and Mersenne Numbers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowlin, W. D.

    1960-01-01

    . (Throughout this thesis, F will always denote a Feraat nmaber and M a Mersenne nuuber. ) The problea of deternining p which of the Fernat and Mersenne nmabers are prius has concerned uany matheuaticians during the last two centuries. This research has... or a Fermat, number. Next? Froth~a theorem, of which Pepin's test is a special case, is stated and proved. In the last section the theory of recurring series is used to establish primality tests of the Lucas type for both the Fermat and Mersenne...

  5. DRAFT CRUISE REPORT Cruise Number: DY0807

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuston (Neu) 68 Deployment of satellite buoy (SatBuoy) 3 Samples Collected Tows Number Number of larvae of buoy or mooring (Deploy) 3 3 Stimulated fluorescence collected during CTD casts (Fluor) 18 Number

  6. Ramsey numbers of sparse hypergraphs David Conlon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Jacob

    Ramsey numbers of sparse hypergraphs David Conlon Jacob Fox Benny Sudakov Abstract We give a short proof that any k-uniform hypergraph H on n vertices with bounded degree has Ramsey number at most c(, k on the Ramsey number of hypergraphs with at most m edges. 1 Introduction For a graph H, the Ramsey number r

  7. Department for Analysis and Computational Number Theory Additive functions and number systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department for Analysis and Computational Number Theory Additive functions and number systems systems April 7, 2010 1 / 35 #12;Department for Analysis and Computational Number Theory Outline Number and Computational Number Theory Number systems Let R be an integral domain, b R, and N = {n1, . . . , nm} R

  8. ARM - DOI Guidance for ARM Facility Datastreams

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us agovInstrumentswrf-chemMeetingsCover CompetitionDocumentationDOI

  9. Property:DOI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to: navigation, search Property Name DIA/Topics/EnvironmentalDOI Jump to:

  10. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Gedden, R.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-12-31

    Contents include articles entitled: Chem-Nuclear documents new plan for Barnwell; Nebraska releases technical analysis of LLRW facility; Southeast Compact suspends funding for NC facility development; NC governor and Southeast Compact differ on proposed MOU; Midwest Compact to return export fees; State legislators` group revises radioactive waste policy; Internal documents discuss administration`s policy on Ward Valley; BLM issues EA for Ward Valley testing; California DHS, NRC criticize DOI`s testing protocols; Army removes training mines from Ward Valley site; The 1997 gubernatorial elections and a look ahead to 1998; Court throws out case challenging Pennsylvania`s siting law; DOE files notice of appeal in WCS suit; Central Compact moves to dismiss ``Veto`` authority suit; Congress exempts NAS from FACA; Judge sets schedule for Ward Valley case; Court won`t order DOE to accept spent fuel by deadline; NRC chairman expresses concern re CERCLA reauthorization; Senators question EPA`s guidance on remediation; EPA issues guidance, criticizes NRC decommissioning rule; Members of Congress clarify FUSRAP transfer; HLW legislation passes House by wide margin; Takings legislation passes House; Energy and water bill signed into law; and Senate confirms 5 of 6 DOE appointees.

  11. Electronic Prehospital Records are Often Unavailable for Emergency Department Medical Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bledsoe, Bryan E; Wasden, Chad; Johnson, Larry

    2013-01-01

    of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) email lists. As a result,of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). The study was limited to

  12. Prime number generation and factor elimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vineet Kumar

    2014-10-06

    We have presented a multivariate polynomial function termed as factor elimination function,by which, we can generate prime numbers. This function's mapping behavior can explain the irregularities in the occurrence of prime numbers on the number line. Generally the different categories of prime numbers found till date, satisfy the form of this function. We present some absolute and probabilistic conditions for the primality of the number generated by this method. This function is capable of leading to highly efficient algorithms for generating prime numbers.

  13. Salt Wells Geothermal Exploratory Drilling Program EA(DOI-BLM...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Salt Wells Geothermal Exploratory Drilling Program EA (DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2009-0006-EA) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Salt Wells...

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Good, Jeffrey M.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12500 Parent-of-origin growth effects and the evolution of hybrid. Considerable progress has been made on understanding the evo- lution of genetic interactions that lead

  15. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12444

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhindsa, Rajinder

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12444 COMPARATIVE FUNCTIONAL ANALYSES OF ULTRABITHORAX REVEAL habitats may often require the evo- lution of novel morphologies to meet the challenges and exploit

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brodie III, Edmund D.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12100 CONVERGENT EVOLUTION OF SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN SKULL SHAPE of morphological diversity among Anolis lizards. KEY WORDS: Allometry, Anolis, craniofacial, evo-devo, face length

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12466

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12466 A BIOLOGICAL MARKET ANALYSIS OF THE PLANT. Mutualistic cooperation between species poses a problem for evo- lutionary theory (Sachs et al. 2004; Foster

  18. Memorandum of Understanding between DOD and DOI on Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Memorandum of Understanding between DOD and DOI on Renewable Energy and a Renewable Energy Partnership Plan Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal...

  19. Lithium Reagents DOI: 10.1002/anie.200603038

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collum, David B.

    Lithium Reagents DOI: 10.1002/anie.200603038 Lithium Diisopropylamide: Solution Kinetics Keywords: kinetics · lithium diisopropylamide · metalation · solvent effects · synthesis design D. B: lithium diiso- propylamide (LDA). LDA has played a profound role in organic synthesis, serving as the base

  20. Turing's normal numbers: towards randomness Veronica Becher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    presumably in 1938 Alan Turing gave an algorithm that produces real numbers normal to every integer base- putable normal numbers, and this result should be attributed to Alan Turing. His manuscript entitled "A

  1. International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology 2007 DOI: 10.1051/ndata:07756

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology 2007 DOI: 10.1051/ndata:07756 at http://nd2007.edpsciences.org or http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/ndata:07756 #12;402 International Conference

  2. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 2013 DOI: 10.7550/rmb.31569

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matheny, P. Brandon

    Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 2013 DOI: 10.7550/rmb.31569 Fecha de publicación: 22 de mayo de 2013 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 2013 DOI: 10.7550/rmb.31569 Fecha de publicación: 22 de mayo de

  3. Small Ramsey Numbers Stanislaw P. Radziszowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    Small Ramsey Numbers Stanislaw P. Radziszowski Department of Computer Science Rochester Institute Ramsey numbers, where the avoided graphs are complete or complete without one edge. Many results per behavior of Ramsey numbers, but rather we concentrate on their specific values. Mathematical Reviews

  4. Ramsey Numbers Involving Cycles Stanislaw P. Radziszowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    Ramsey Numbers Involving Cycles Stanislaw P. Radziszowski Department of Computer Science Rochester and data on Ramsey numbers involving cycles. This survey is based on the author's 2009 revi- sion #12 of the Dynamic Survey DS1, "Small Ramsey Numbers", at the Electronic Journal of Combinatorics. Table of Contents

  5. SHARP THRESHOLDS FOR HYPERGRAPH REGRESSIVE RAMSEY NUMBERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Gyesik

    SHARP THRESHOLDS FOR HYPERGRAPH REGRESSIVE RAMSEY NUMBERS LORENZO CARLUCCI, GYESIK LEE, AND ANDREAS WEIERMANN Abstract. The f-regressive Ramsey number Rreg f (d, n) is the minimum N such that every colouring regressive Ramsey numbers as defined by Kanamori and McAloon. In this paper we classifiy the growth

  6. Motivation Examples Star Avoiding Ramsey Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaak, Garth

    Motivation Examples Star Avoiding Ramsey Numbers Jonelle Hook, Garth Isaak Department and Cryptography Jonelle Hook, Garth Isaak Star Avoiding Ramsey Numbers #12;Motivation Examples Graph Ramsey-coloring of K13 has a red C5 or a blue K4. Jonelle Hook, Garth Isaak Star Avoiding Ramsey Numbers #12

  7. Diagonal Ramsey Numbers in Multipartite Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Diagonal Ramsey Numbers in Multipartite Graphs AP Burger , PJP Grobler , EH Stipp & JH van Vuuren September 17, 2003 Abstract The notion of a graph theoretic Ramsey number is generalised by assuming definition. Some small multipartite Ramsey numbers are found, while upper and lower bounds are established

  8. Diagonal Ramsey Numbers in Multipartite Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Diagonal Ramsey Numbers in Multipartite Graphs AP Burger + , PJP Grobler # , EH Stipp # & JH van Vuuren # September 17, 2003 Abstract The notion of a graph theoretic Ramsey number is generalised as in the classical definition. Some small multipartite Ramsey numbers are found, while upper and lower bounds

  9. Number of peer-reviewed publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ·Number of peer- reviewed publications produced per year ·Data accurate as of 02 April 2012 · Number of publications produced per institution (top 10) ·Collaborations counted multiple times · Non-cumulative number of citations received by OER publications per year ·Data accurate as of 02 April 2012 · The work

  10. Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2014 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Strategic number 58579551 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Strategic Report For the year ended 30 September 2014

  11. KIAS SEOUL, February 2004 Transcendental Number Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    ) ­ Introductio in Analysin Infinitorum. Suggests the transcendence of log 1/ log 2 when this number is irrational in Analysin Infinitorum. Suggests the transcendence of log 1/ log 2 when this number is irrational (for this number is irrational (for algebraic 1 and 2). http://www.math.jussieu.fr/miw/ 14 #12;Euler (1748

  12. Number Theory I: Tools and Diophantine Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Henri

    covered by two other books of the author [Coh0] and [Coh1]. The central (although not unique) theme in integers, rational numbers, or more generally in algebraic numbers. This theme is in particular the central of the reader that he or she is familiar with the standard basic theory of number fields, up to and including

  13. Clar number of catacondensed benzenoid hydrocarbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klavzar, Sandi

    Clar number of catacondensed benzenoid hydrocarbons Sandi KlavŸzar a,# , Petra Ÿ Zigert a , Ivan hydrocarbon: CL is equal to the minimum number of straight lines required to intersect all hexagons theory; Clar formula; Clar number; Resonance graph; Benzenoid hydrocarbons 1. Introduction Within

  14. doi: 10.1130/G35342.1 published online 10 January 2014;Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    Geology doi: 10.1130/G35342.1 published online 10 January 2014;Geology Burch Fisher, Adrien Moulin for publication but have not © Geological Society of America as doi:10.1130/G35342.1Geology, published online on 10 January 2014 as doi:10.1130/G35342.1Geology, published online on 10 January 2014 #12;GEOLOGY

  15. doi: 10.1130/G35915.1 published online 15 September 2014;Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    Geology doi: 10.1130/G35915.1 published online 15 September 2014;Geology and Anson W. Mackay Katy E for publication but have not © Geological Society of America as doi:10.1130/G35915.1Geology, published online on 15 September 2014 as doi:10.1130/G35915.1Geology, published online on 15 September 2014 #12;GEOLOGY

  16. Tip sheet: Expanded Library of Congress Call Number Classification system Call Number Subject Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    Tip sheet: Expanded Library of Congress Call Number Classification system Call Number Subject R: Medicine T: Technology U: Military Science Z: Bibliography. Library Science. Information

  17. Toner, B.M., M.A. Marcus, K.J. Edwards, O. Rouxel, and C.R. German. 2012. Measuring the form of iron in hydrothermal plume particles. Oceanography 25(1):209212, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the form of iron in hydrothermal plume particles. Oceanography 25(1):209­212, http://dx.doi.org/10 in Oceanography, Volume 25, Number 1, a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright 2012 by The Oceanography Society. All rights reserved. USAGE Permission is granted to copy this article for use in teaching

  18. Klymak, J.M., S. Legg, M.H. Alford, M. Buijsman, R. Pinkel, and J.D. Nash. 2012. The direct breaking of internal waves at steep topography. Oceanography 25(2):150159, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The direct breaking of internal waves at steep topography. Oceanography 25(2):150­159, http://dx.doi.org/10 in Oceanography, Volume 25, Number 2, a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright 2012 by The Oceanography Society. All rights reserved. USAGE Permission is granted to copy this article for use in teaching

  19. Bounds on Some Ramsey Numbers Involving Quadrilateral +

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    Bounds on Some Ramsey Numbers Involving Quadrilateral + Xiaodong Xu Guangxi Academy of Sciences@cs.rit.edu Abstract. For graphs G 1 , G 2 , · · · , Gm , the Ramsey number R(G 1 , G 2 , · · · , Gm ) is defined Ramsey numbers involving quadrilateral C 4 , including R(C 4 , K 9 ) # 32, 19 # R(C 4 , C 4 , K 4 ) # 22

  20. Predicting landfalling hurricane numbers from basin hurricane numbers: basic statistical analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laepple, T; Penzer, J; Bellone, E; Nzerem, K; Laepple, Thomas; Jewson, Stephen; Penzer, Jeremy; Bellone, Enrica; Nzerem, Kechi

    2007-01-01

    One possible method for predicting landfalling hurricane numbers is to first predict the number of hurricanes in the basin and then convert that prediction to a prediction of landfalling hurricane numbers using an estimated proportion. Should this work better than just predicting landfalling hurricane numbers directly? We perform a basic statistical analysis of this question in the context of a simple abstract model.

  1. Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantum number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bousso, Raphael

    2009-01-01

    LBNL- 57239 Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantumhep-th/0310223 UCB-PTH-03/26 Harmonic resolution as aquantum number, the harmonic resolution K. The Bekenstein

  2. REFINED BOUNDS ON THE NUMBER OF CONNECTED ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-04-06

    Apr 6, 2011 ... Smith inequality (see Theorem 2.5) a bound on the number of semi- ... then using Smith inequality, have been used before in several different ...

  3. Call Numbers** A, B, C 3rd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Call Numbers** A, B, C 3rd Floor Southeast . D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L 3rd Floor West . . . . . P 3rd Floor West . Q, R

  4. Numbers, proof and 'all that jazz'.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-08

    CHAPTER 1. Numbers, proof and 'all that jazz'. There is a fundamental difference between mathematics and other sciences. In most sciences, one does ...

  5. A Thermodynamic Classification of Real Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Garrity

    2009-03-15

    A new classification scheme for real numbers is given, motivated by ideas from statistical mechanics in general and work of Knauf and of Fiala and Kleban in particular. Critical for this classification of a real number will be the Diophantine properties of its continued fraction expansion.

  6. Circular Chromatic Ramsey Number Kyle F. Jao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    Circular Chromatic Ramsey Number Kyle F. Jao , Claude Tardif , Douglas B. West , Xuding Zhu, the circular chromatic Ramsey number Rc (F, G) is the infimum of c(H) over graphs H such that every red of a Ramsey problem for the families of homomorphic images of F and G. Letting zk = 3 - 2-k, we prove that zk

  7. 2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers & Detailed Definitions #12;2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation January 2003 #12;PREFACE This report presents the 2001 traffic zone numbers by local municipalities in the 2001 TTS survey area. The second part presents detailed

  8. Real numbers and other completions Fred Richman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richman, Fred

    Real numbers and other completions Fred Richman Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, FL 33431 11 March 2007 Abstract A notion of completeness and completion suitable for use in the absence of countable choice is developed. This encompasses the con- struction of the real numbers as well as the completion

  9. Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2012 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Directors Trust Finance plc Directors' Report for the year ended 30 September 2012 Report of the Directors

  10. Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2013 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Directors Trust Finance plc Directors' Report For the year ended 30 September 2013 Report of the Directors

  11. RNG: A Practitioner's Overview Random Number Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mascagni, Michael

    -Kac/path integral methods to solve partial differential equations with random walks Defense: neutronics, nuclear random numbers 1. Each calculation is a numerical experiment Subject to known and unknown sources a calculation with the same numbers Across different machines (modulo arithmetic issues) Parallel

  12. Resolution-Stationary Random Number Generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L'Ecuyer, Pierre

    of successive output values over their entire period length. For F2-linear generators, the commonly adopted efficient ways of implementing high-quality and long-period Tausworthe generators. Key words: random number un [0, 1) is the output of the generator at step n and the number of bits in this output, L

  13. enter part number BNC / RP-BNC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    enter part number Products 7/16 1.0/2.3 1.6/5.6 AFI AMC BNC / RP-BNC C FAKRA SMB FME HN MCX Mini ------- Product Search ------- Inventory Search Search Results for: 31-10152-RFX Results: 1 - 1 of 1 Part Number. All rights reserved. Copyright | Terms & Conditions | RF E-Mail Client | Contact Us | Amphenol

  14. Ramsey numbers and adiabatic quantum computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank Gaitan; Lane Clark

    2012-01-08

    The graph-theoretic Ramsey numbers are notoriously difficult to calculate. In fact, for the two-color Ramsey numbers $R(m,n)$ with $m,n\\geq 3$, only nine are currently known. We present a quantum algorithm for the computation of the Ramsey numbers $R(m,n)$. We show how the computation of $R(m,n)$ can be mapped to a combinatorial optimization problem whose solution can be found using adiabatic quantum evolution. We numerically simulate this adiabatic quantum algorithm and show that it correctly determines the Ramsey numbers R(3,3) and R(2,s) for $5\\leq s\\leq 7$. We then discuss the algorithm's experimental implementation, and close by showing that Ramsey number computation belongs to the quantum complexity class QMA.

  15. VOLUME 88, NUMBER 20 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 20 MAY 2002 Pseudorapidity Distributions of Charged Particles from Au 1 Au Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of particle production at the highest RHIC energy. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.202301 PACS numbers: 25.75.Dw Distributions of Charged Particles from Au 1 Au Collisions at the Maximum RHIC Energy, p sNN p sNN p sNN 5 200 Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark 8 Texas A&M University, College

  16. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H.; Gedden, R.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-07-01

    Contents include articles entitled: GAO concludes most Ward Valley SEIS issues previously addressed; Midwest compact halts facility development; Texas publishes proposal to issue WCS radioactive materials license; Central Compact issues export authorizations over NE`s objection; Nebraska governor to host LLRW summit; California regulators reassured re US ecology facility in WA; Southeast Compact augments funding for North Carolina; State and compact calendar of events; IAEA Director General to UN: reexamine nuclear power; DOI convenes meetings on Ward Valley Title VI complaint; California BLM: Tribes fully represented and consulted; MW, NE, and SW file amici curiae briefs in Ward Valley suit; Court denies state`s motion for protective order; WCS files suit against Envirocare and others; States attack DOE`s claim re lack of authority to store spent fuel; House committee passes Texas legislation; Ward Valley land transfer bill introduced in Senate; Senate committee holds hearing on Ward Valley legislation and related GAO report; NRDC threatens to sue DOE re Envirocare; NRC chair criticizes Deputy Interior Secretary`s use of Ward Valley fact sheet; Utility consortium submits license application for storage on Goshute land to NRC; Envirocare cited for SNM violation; EPA begins audit; and EPA rejects Title VI claim re Texas site.

  17. Position Number: (Assigned when added to Library)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Position Number: (Assigned when added to Library) 02016240 Dept: INST OF TRANSPORTATION STUDIES distributions to social media and trade media. 20% WEBSITE, SOCIAL MEDIA AND MEDIA MONITORING Monitor trends

  18. Polygonal Numbers, Primes and Ternary Quadratic Forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Zhi-Wei

    Polygonal Numbers, Primes and Ternary Quadratic Forms Zhi-Wei Sun Nanjing University Nanjing 210093 three papers: Z. W. Sun [Acta Arith. 2007], S. Guo, H. Pan & Z. W. Sun [Integers, 2007], and B. K. Oh

  19. High speed optical quantum random number generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinfurter, Harald

    High speed optical quantum random number generation Martin F¨urst1,2,, Henning Weier1,2, Sebastian/publicationFile/30276/ais20 pdf.pdf (1999). 2. "Fips 140-2, security requirements for cryptographic modules

  20. Unpredictability and the transmission of numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, John M

    2015-01-01

    Curiously overlooked in physics is its dependence on the transmission of numbers. For example the transmission of numerical clock readings is implicit in the concept of a coordinate system. The transmission of numbers and other logical distinctions is often achieved over a computer-mediated communications network in the face of an unpredictable environment. By unpredictable we mean something stronger than the spread of probabilities over given possible outcomes, namely an opening to unforeseeable possibilities. Unpredictability, until now overlooked in theoretical physics, makes the transmission of numbers interesting. Based on recent proofs within quantum theory that provide a theoretical foundation to unpredictability, here we show how regularities in physics rest on a background of channels over which numbers are transmitted. As is known to engineers of digital communications, numerical transmissions depend on coordination reminiscent of the cycle of throwing and catching by players tossing a ball back and...

  1. Department.: Music Department Course number: 210W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Music Department Course number: 210W Course title: Music, History, and Ideas Credits: 3 Contact Person: Alain Frogley Catalog Copy: MUSI 210W. Music, History, and Ideas Either semester

  2. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 210W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 210W Course Title: Lab in Cognition Credits: 3 Contact in these experiments, the writing assignments provide a richer and fuller of the nature of psychological inquiry

  3. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 244W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 244W Course Title: Laboratory in Personality Credits: 3 Psychological Association. The total report is at least 15 pages in length. The final report is the primary

  4. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 263W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 263W Course Title: Laboratory in Animal Learning or 253 , and consent of instructor; ENGL 105 or 110 or 111 or 250 . W Criteria: Psychology 263W is a lab

  5. Student ID (R) Number ________________________ Semester/Year______ ________________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Student ID (R) Number ________________________ Semester/Year______ ________________________ THIRD: ______________________________________________________ CHECK ALL THAT APPLY: _____First-time Third Party Student _____TTU Campus Student _____Non sponsor and the Third Party Sponsor Agreement prior to the due date to ensure timely posting of third

  6. Computing the Betti Numbers of Arrangements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-08-29

    To our knowledge ... on ?. Categories and Subject Descriptors ... sets defined in terms of such hypersurfaces can be topolog- ... The first bounds on the individual Betti numbers of semi- .... The idea of using filtrations for computing Betti num-.

  7. Dynamical real numbers and living systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhurjati Prasad Datta

    2010-01-11

    Recently uncovered second derivative discontinuous solutions of the simplest linear ordinary differential equation define not only an nonstandard extension of the framework of the ordinary calculus, but also provide a dynamical representation of the ordinary real number system. Every real number can be visualized as a living cell -like structure, endowed with a definite evolutionary arrow. We discuss the relevance of this extended calculus in the study of living systems. We also present an intelligent version of the Newton's first law of motion.

  8. JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY Volume 14, Number 9, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xin

    ­1175 DOI: 10.1089/cmb.2007.0048 MSOAR: A High-Throughput Ortholog Assignment System Based on Genome The assignment of orthologous genes between a pair of genomes is a fundamental and chal- lenging problem in comparative genomics, since many computational methods for solving various biological problems critically rely

  9. J BIOCHEM MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY Volume 20, Number 3, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    chemicals, including the ubiquitous environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Here, we competi- tively bound to the guinea pig hepatic cytosolic AhR, inhibited 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/jbt.20126 KEYWORDS: 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; TCDD; Ah Receptor; Diuron; Urea

  10. Advances in Environmental Research, Vol. 2, No. 2 (2013) 81-98 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/aer.2013.2.2.081 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Advances in Environmental Research, Vol. 2, No. 2 (2013) 81-98 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/aer.2013.2.2.081 81 Copyright © 2013 Techno-Press, Ltd. http://www.techno-press.org/?journal=aer&subpage=7

  11. Journals Energy & Environmental Science Advance Articles DOI: 10.1039/b811608c Energy Environ. Sci., 2009 DOI: 10.1039/b811608c Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrag, Daniel

    -backed alternative-energy company. Additionally, he cofounded the Harvard Energy Journal Club to facilitate crossJournals Energy & Environmental Science Advance Articles DOI: 10.1039/b811608c Energy Environ. Sci., 2009 DOI: 10.1039/b811608c Perspective Energy & Environmental Science The energy penalty of post

  12. Conjugated Materials DOI: 10.1002/anie.201310290

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Peter

    Conjugated Materials DOI: 10.1002/anie.201310290 Dithiolodithiole as a Building Block for Conjugated Materials** Derek J. Schipper, Lionel C. H. Moh, Peter Müller, and Timothy M. Swager* Abstract as a conjugated building block for organic materials is described. The resulting materials exhibit complimentary

  13. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION doi: 10.1038/nature05508

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noone, David

    , and for this study, the hydrological cycle. TES is an infrared, high resolution, Fourier transform spectrometer-mean. The forward model is evaluated by the atmospheric state vector, x !!M . In this study we define the full state the radiance for the TES sensors. www.nature.com/nature 2 #12;doi: 10.1038/nature05508 SUPPLEMENTARY

  14. DOI: 10.1002/ijch.201310004 Databases and Bioinformatics Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussman, Joel L.

    DOI: 10.1002/ijch.201310004 Databases and Bioinformatics Tools Bioinformatics is a field at the crossroads of Chemistry and Biology encompassing databases and computational tools for the analysis as to their effect on protein function (Unger), protein-protein interactions (Wolfson), tools for prediction of metal

  15. Plant Ecology doi: 10.1093/jpe/rts010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    atmospheric carbon dioxide (Cleland et al. 2007), (iii) forest ecohydrology, e.g. evapotranspiration, preJournal of Plant Ecology PAGES 1­8 doi: 10.1093/jpe/rts010 Applicability of remote sensing- based and its ability of exchanging atmospheric carbon diox- ide, forest ecohydrology, risk of insect

  16. Carbon Dioxide Capture DOI: 10.1002/anie.200902836

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paik Suh, Myunghyun

    Carbon Dioxide Capture DOI: 10.1002/anie.200902836 Highly Selective CO2 Capture in Flexible 3D Coordination Polymer Networks** Hye-Sun Choi and Myunghyun Paik Suh* Carbon dioxide capture has been capture, storage, and sensing. Compounds 1 and 2 are the first 3D pillared networks assembled from Ni

  17. Solar Cells DOI: 10.1002/anie.200904492

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Solar Cells DOI: 10.1002/anie.200904492 Optical Fiber/Nanowire Hybrid Structures for Efficient Three- Dimensional Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells** Benjamin Weintraub, Yaguang Wei, and Zhong Lin Wang* Renewable and green energy are the technological drivers of the future economy. Solar cells (SCs) are one

  18. Molecular Solar Cells DOI: 10.1002/anie.200904725

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGehee, Michael

    Molecular Solar Cells DOI: 10.1002/anie.200904725 Panchromatic Response in Solid-State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Containing Phosphorescent Energy Relay Dyes** Jun-Ho Yum, Brian E. Hardin, Soo-Jin Moon-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) based on nanocrystalline semiconductors have been intensively studied because

  19. Benzene Dimer DOI: 10.1002/anie.201300653

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benzene Dimer DOI: 10.1002/anie.201300653 Structure of the Benzene Dimer--Governed by Dynamics van der Avoird* The benzene dimer is a prototypical system for studying noncovalent interactions in the structure and dynamic behavior of proteins and DNA. The first (1975) experimental study of the benzene dimer

  20. Catalytic Oxidation Hot Paper DOI: 10.1002/anie.201400134

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    Catalytic Oxidation Hot Paper DOI: 10.1002/anie.201400134 Trinuclear Pd3O2 Intermediate in Aerobic* Abstract: The activation of O2 is a key step in selective catalytic aerobic oxidation reactions mediated aerobic oxidation of alcohols. The formation and catalytic activity of the trinuclear Pd3O2 species

  1. Molecular Motors DOI: 10.1002/anie.201006946

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, David A.

    Molecular Motors DOI: 10.1002/anie.201006946 Synthetic Molecular Bipeds** Emilio M. PŘrez* dynamic covalent chemistry · macrocycles · molecular devices · molecular motors · photo- chemistry unawareness of Aus- tralian fauna, led Plato to famously define humans as "featherless bipeds".[1] Among motor

  2. Water Reduction DOI: 10.1002/anie.201409813

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, H. Bernhard

    Water Reduction DOI: 10.1002/anie.201409813 Ligand Transformations and Efficient Proton/Water converted into an amide complex 4 in presence of adventitious water. Introduction of an N-methyl protecting and CoII 5 show electrocatalytic H2 generation in weakly acidic media as well as in water. Mechanisms

  3. Water Splitting DOI: 10.1002/anie.201203174

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javey, Ali

    Water Splitting DOI: 10.1002/anie.201203174 p-Type InP Nanopillar Photocathodes for Efficient Solar, Junghyo Nah, Tyler S. Matthews, Yu-Lun Chueh, Joel W. Ager,* and Ali Javey* Water splitting by using to the terrestrial solar spectrum and a significant fraction of the 1.23 eV free energy required to split water

  4. Molecular motors DOI: 10.1002/smll.200500223

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, William O.

    the success of various self-assembly processes, organization of these nanoparticles into configu- rations farMolecular motors DOI: 10.1002/smll.200500223 Transport of Semiconductor Nanocrystals by Kinesin Molecular Motors** Gayatri Muthukrishnan, Benjamin M. Hutchins, Mary Elizabeth Williams,* and William O

  5. (DOI: will be inserted by hand later) Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later) c ESO 2011 Astronomy & Astrophysics First stars XIV. Sulfur of the Galaxy. In particular the site of the formation remains uncertain because, at low metallicity, the trend of this -element versus [Fe/H] remains unclear. Moreover, although sulfur is not bound significantly in dust grains

  6. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200601748 Carbon Nanotube Aerogels**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200601748 Carbon Nanotube Aerogels** By Mateusz B. Bryning, Daniel E. Milkie, Mohammad F. Islam, Lawrence A. Hough, James M. Kikkawa, and Arjun G. Yodh* Aerogels are ultralight, highly. Microscopically, aerogels are composed of tenuous networks of clustered nanoparticles, and the materials often

  7. Hybrid Interfaces DOI: 10.1002/anie.201000984

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmann, Michael

    Hybrid Interfaces DOI: 10.1002/anie.201000984 Microscopic Mechanism of Specific Peptide Adhesion Irbäck, and Wolfhard Janke In the past few years, the interest in hybrid interfaces formed by soft of hybrid systems and potential applications.[1,2] One particularly important problem is the self

  8. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200602223 Inorganic Semiconductors for Flexible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200602223 Inorganic Semiconductors for Flexible Electronics** By Yugang Sun* and John A. Rogers* 1. Introduction Electronic systems that can cover large areas on flexible substrates of applications that lie outside those easily addressed with wafer-based electron- ics. Examples include flexible

  9. Droplet-Based Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.200601554

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Droplet-Based Microfluidics DOI: 10.1002/anie.200601554 Reactions in Droplets in Microfluidic · interfaces · microfluidics · microreactors · plugs R. F. Ismagilov et al.Reviews 7336 www;1. Introduction: Reactions in Droplets This Review discusses the use of droplets in microfluidic channels

  10. Hydrogen Bonding DOI: 10.1002/anie.200501349

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    Hydrogen Bonding DOI: 10.1002/anie.200501349 Observation of Weak C�H···O Hydrogen Bonding to Unactivated Alkanes** Xue-Bin Wang, Hin-Koon Woo, Boggavarapu Kiran, and Lai-Sheng Wang* The hydrogen bond carbon can also behave as a proton donor to form C�H···O-type hydrogen bonds has been the subject

  11. MOF Membranes DOI: 10.1002/anie.201006141

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    MOF Membranes DOI: 10.1002/anie.201006141 A High-Performance Gas-Separation Membrane Containing are predicted to be highly attractive for application in gas-separation membranes[2] and also have a range,[5] and sensing.[6] Recently, thin continuous MOF membranes for gas separation have been reported

  12. Natural Silicon Complexes DOI: 10.1002/anie.201005792

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baik, Mu-Hyun

    examples of silicon complexes of natural products that are stable under physio- logical conditionsNatural Silicon Complexes DOI: 10.1002/anie.201005792 The E. coli Siderophores Enterobactin of soluble iron is as low as 10Ŕ10 m at pH 7.4.[1a] To extract iron from the environment, bacteria and fungi

  13. ARTICLE OPEN doi:10.1038/nature13992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    ARTICLE OPEN doi:10.1038/nature13992 A comparative encyclopedia of DNA elements in the mouse genome into mammalian biology and mechanisms of human diseases. Despite the widespread use of mouse models in biomedical biological pathways show consider- able divergence from their human orthologues. . A large portion of the cis-regulato

  14. Staudinger ligation DOI: 10.1002/anie.201206533

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawson, Catherine L.

    Staudinger ligation DOI: 10.1002/anie.201206533 Phosphine-Based Redox Catalysis in the Direct of stoichiometric by-products (e.g., R3P=O) often complicates efforts to isolate products, leads to waste disposal-catalyzed Staudinger ligation involving the direct coupling of carboxylic acids and azides would concomitantly minimize

  15. Cancer Cells DOI: 10.1002/anie.201103189

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Liangfang

    Cancer Cells DOI: 10.1002/anie.201103189 Self-Propelled Microrockets to Capture and Isolate Circulating Tumor Cells Weiwei Gao and Omid C. Farokhzad* cancer · micromachines · nanorobots · nanotechnology metastatic cancer.[1] Since then cancer research has proved the critical roles played by CTC

  16. PET/NIR Imaging DOI: 10.1002/anie.201205271

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Jianjun

    PET/NIR Imaging DOI: 10.1002/anie.201205271 Aptamer-Functionalized, Ultra-Small, Monodisperse staging.[5] Various techniques for sentinel LN imaging have been investigated, such as near-infrared (NIR of monodisperse, size-controlled silica NC probes for dual- modal LN imaging using PET and NIR fluorescence. Mono

  17. Uranium Cluster Chemistry DOI: 10.1002/anie.200906605

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uranium Cluster Chemistry DOI: 10.1002/anie.200906605 Tetranuclear Uranium Clusters by Reductive in the coordination chemistry and small-molecule reactivity of uranium. Among the intriguing reactivity patterns of tetravalent uranium with 3,5-dimethylpyrazolate (Me2PzŔ ) led to forma- tion of an unprecedented homoleptic

  18. Hydrogen Storage DOI: 10.1002/anie.200801488

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paik Suh, Myunghyun

    Hydrogen Storage DOI: 10.1002/anie.200801488 A Comparison of the H2 Sorption Capacities MOFs with accessible metal sites (AMSs) should have a higher hydrogen storage capacity than those be accommodated are of particular interest because they can be applied in gas storage[1­4] and separation,[4

  19. Hydrogen Storage DOI: 10.1002/anie.200805494

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paik Suh, Myunghyun

    Hydrogen Storage DOI: 10.1002/anie.200805494 Enhanced Hydrogen Storage by Palladium Nanoparticles. However, a major problem is the lack of efficient hydrogen storage methods. The United States Department of Energy has established a multistage target for development of hydrogen storage materials that are able

  20. Hydrogen Storage DOI: 10.1002/anie.200700303

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Hydrogen Storage DOI: 10.1002/anie.200700303 Improved Designs of Metal­Organic Frameworks for Hydrogen Storage** Sang Soo Han, Wei-Qiao Deng, and William A. Goddard, III* Hydrogen fuel is considered% reversible hydrogen storage by 2010, but current mate- rials fall far short of this goal. Consequently, many

  1. Hydrogen Storage DOI: 10.1002/anie.201206055

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paik Suh, Myunghyun

    Hydrogen Storage DOI: 10.1002/anie.201206055 Magnesium Nanocrystals Embedded in a Metal­Organic Framework: Hybrid Hydrogen Storage with Synergistic Effect on Physi- and Chemisorption** Dae-Woon Lim, Ji carrier for the future. In order to use it as a fuel, a compact, safe, and efficient hydrogen storage

  2. Microfluidic design DOI: 10.1002/smll.200600211

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Mara

    Microfluidic design DOI: 10.1002/smll.200600211 Flowing Lattices of Bubbles as Tunable, Self demonstrate tunable, fluidic, two-dimensional diffraction gratings based on a microfluidic platform comprising with a wavelength of 632 nm. Keywords: · bubbles · diffraction gratings · flow focusing · microfluidics · self

  3. Petroleum Geology Conference series doi: 10.1144/0070921

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Petroleum Geology Conference series doi: 10.1144/0070921 2010; v. 7; p. 921-936Petroleum Geology Collection to subscribe to Geological Society, London, Petroleum Geologyhereclick Notes on January 5, 2011Downloaded by by the Geological Society, London © Petroleum Geology Conferences Ltd. Published #12;An

  4. Palladium-Catalyzed Hydrogenation DOI: 10.1002/anie.200600263

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xumu

    Palladium-Catalyzed Hydrogenation DOI: 10.1002/anie.200600263 A Highly Enantioselective, Pd­TangPhos- Catalyzed Hydrogenation of N-Tosylimines** Qin Yang, Gao Shang, Wenzhong Gao, Jingen Deng, and Xumu Zhang to the asymmetric hydrogenation of imines. However, this method has been less successful than the hydrogenation

  5. Colloidal Crystal Templating DOI: 10.1002/anie.200705403

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi, Limin

    Angewandte Chemie Colloidal Crystal Templating DOI: 10.1002/anie.200705403 Bioinspired Fabrication or nanometer scale have not, to date, been built within a calcite single crystal. Colloidal crystals of 3D Ordered Macroporous Single Crystals of Calcite from a Transient Amorphous Phase** Cheng Li

  6. Nanoscale LEDs DOI: 10.1002/smll.200600628

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odom, Teri W.

    of macroscale organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) for full-color dis- plays have created interestNanoscale LEDs DOI: 10.1002/smll.200600628 Addressable, Large-Area Nanoscale Organic Light in generating OLEDs at the nanoscale.[1,2] Reducing the size of an OLED can produce higher device densities per

  7. True random numbers from amplified quantum vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Jofre; M. Curty; F. Steinlechner; G. Anzolin; J. P. Torres; M. W. Mitchell; V. Pruneri

    2011-10-17

    Random numbers are essential for applications ranging from secure communications to numerical simulation and quantitative finance. Algorithms can rapidly produce pseudo-random outcomes, series of numbers that mimic most properties of true random numbers while quantum random number generators (QRNGs) exploit intrinsic quantum randomness to produce true random numbers. Single-photon QRNGs are conceptually simple but produce few random bits per detection. In contrast, vacuum fluctuations are a vast resource for QRNGs: they are broad-band and thus can encode many random bits per second. Direct recording of vacuum fluctuations is possible, but requires shot-noise-limited detectors, at the cost of bandwidth. We demonstrate efficient conversion of vacuum fluctuations to true random bits using optical amplification of vacuum and interferometry. Using commercially-available optical components we demonstrate a QRNG at a bit rate of 1.11 Gbps. The proposed scheme has the potential to be extended to 10 Gbps and even up to 100 Gbps by taking advantage of high speed modulation sources and detectors for optical fiber telecommunication devices.

  8. Unpredictability and the transmission of numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John M. Myers; F. Hadi Madjid

    2015-08-05

    Curiously overlooked in physics is its dependence on the transmission of numbers. For example the transmission of numerical clock readings is implicit in the concept of a coordinate system. The transmission of numbers and other logical distinctions is often achieved over a computer-mediated communications network in the face of an unpredictable environment. By unpredictable we mean something stronger than the spread of probabilities over given possible outcomes, namely an opening to unforeseeable possibilities. Unpredictability, until now overlooked in theoretical physics, makes the transmission of numbers interesting. Based on recent proofs within quantum theory that provide a theoretical foundation to unpredictability, here we show how regularities in physics rest on a background of channels over which numbers are transmitted. As is known to engineers of digital communications, numerical transmissions depend on coordination reminiscent of the cycle of throwing and catching by players tossing a ball back and forth. In digital communications, the players are computers, and the required coordination involves unpredictably adjusting "live clocks" that step these computers through phases of a cycle. We show how this phasing, which we call `logical synchronization,' constrains number-carrying networks, and, if a spacetime manifold in invoked, put "stripes" on spacetime. Via its logically synchronized channels, a network of live clocks serves as a reference against which to locate events. Such a network in any case underpins a coordinate frame, and in some cases the direct use of a network can be tailored to investigate an unpredictable environment. Examples include explorations of gravitational variations near Earth.

  9. Baryon Number as the Fourth Color

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fornal, Bartosz; Tait, Tim M P

    2015-01-01

    We propose an extension of the Standard Model in which baryon number is promoted to be part of a non-Abelian gauge symmetry at high energies. Specifically, we consider the gauge group SU(4) x SU(2)_L x U(1)_X, where the SU(4) unifies baryon number and color. This symmetry is spontaneously broken down to the Standard Model gauge group at a scale which can be as low as a few TeV. The SU(4) structure implies that each SM quark comes along with an uncolored quark partner, the lightest of which is stabilized by the generalized baryon number symmetry and can play the role of dark matter. We explore circumstances under which one can realize a model of asymmetric dark matter whose relic abundance is connected to the observed baryon asymmetry, and discuss unique signatures that can be searched for at the LHC.

  10. Hypergraph Ramsey Numbers and Adiabatic Quantum Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ri Qu; Yan-ru Bao

    2012-07-18

    Gaitan and Clark [Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 010501 (2012)] have recently presented a quantum algorithm for the computation of the Ramsey numbers R(m, n) using adiabatic quantum evolution. We consider that the two-color Ramsey numbers R(m, n; r) for r-uniform hypergraphs can be computed by using the similar ways in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 010501 (2012)]. In this comment, we show how the computation of R(m, n; r) can be mapped to a combinatorial optimization problem whose solution be found using adiabatic quantum evolution.

  11. Probing lepton number violation on three frontiers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deppisch, Frank F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London (United Kingdom)

    2013-12-30

    Neutrinoless double beta decay constitutes the main probe for lepton number violation at low energies, motivated by the expected Majorana nature of the light but massive neutrinos. On the other hand, the theoretical interpretation of the (non-)observation of this process is not straightforward as the Majorana neutrinos can destructively interfere in their contribution and many other New Physics mechanisms can additionally mediate the process. We here highlight the potential of combining neutrinoless double beta decay with searches for Tritium decay, cosmological observations and LHC physics to improve the quantitative insight into the neutrino properties and to unravel potential sources of lepton number violation.

  12. Determine Ramsey numbers on a quantum computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hefeng Wang

    2015-10-07

    We present a quantum algorithm for computing the Ramsey numbers whose computational complexity grows super-exponentially with the number of vertices of a graph on a classical computer. The problem is mapped to a decision problem on a quantum computer, a probe qubit is coupled to a register that represents the problem and detects the energy levels of the problem Hamiltonian. The decision problem is solved by determining whether the probe qubit exhibits resonance dynamics. The algorithm shows a quadratic speedup over its classical counterparts, and the degenerate ground state problem in the adiabatic quantum evolution algorithm for this problem is avoided.

  13. Compare Activities by Number of Employees

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep3,118,592Number of ComputersNumber

  14. Evidence that 5-HT2A Receptors in the Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus Mediate Neuroendocrine Responses to (-)DOI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yahong; Damjanoska, Katerina J.; Carrasco, Gonzalo A.; Dudas, Bertalan; D'Souza, Deborah N.; Tetzlaff, Julie; Garcia, Francisca; Hanley, Nicole R. Sullivan; Scripathirathan, Kumar; Peterson, Brett R.; Gray, Thackery S.; Battaglia, George; Muma, Nancy A.; Van de Kar, Louis D.

    2002-11-01

    ]carbamoyl]-indoline), or vehicle were microinjected bilaterally through a chronically implanted double-barreled cannula into the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus 15 min before a peripheral injection of (?)DOI in conscious rats. (?)DOI significantly elevated plasma levels...

  15. Nature Methods: doi:10.1038/nmeth.3395 Supplementary Figure 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    ;Nature Methods: doi:10.1038/nmeth.3395 Supplementary Figure 12 Dispensing manifold, basic engineering; additional engineering diagrams with more detailed specifications are available upon request. #12;Nature

  16. The New Element Curium (Atomic Number 96)

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Seaborg, G. T.; James, R. A.; Ghiorso, A.

    1948-00-00

    Two isotopes of the element with atomic number 96 have been produced by the helium-ion bombardment of plutonium. The name curium, symbol Cm, is proposed for element 96. The chemical experiments indicate that the most stable oxidation state of curium is the III state.

  17. Department .: Sociology Course number : Soci 290W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department .: Sociology Course number : Soci 290W Title : Social Movements and Social Change Credits : 3 Contact Person : Brad Wright Catalog Copy : Soci 290. Social Movements and Social Change, and escapist movements. Soci 290W. Social Movements and Social Change. Prerequisite: Engl 110 or 111 or 250. W

  18. Department .: Sociology Course number : Soci 227W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department .: Sociology Course number : Soci 227W Title : Revolutionary Social Movements Around the World Credits : 3 Contact Person : Brad Wright Catalog Copy : Soci 227. Revolutionary Social Movements, and Nicaraguan revolutions and movements in South Africa and the Middle East. Soci 227W. Revolutionary Social

  19. Entropy Numbers, Operators and Support Vector Kernels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    feature of the present paper is the manner in which we directly bound the covering numbers of interest Supported by the Australian Research Council and the DFG (# Ja 379/71). P. Fischer and H.U. Simon (Eds.): EuroCOLT'99, LNAI 1572, pp. 285­298, 1999. c Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999 #12;286 Robert C

  20. Code Number: Department of Mechanical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeny, Brian

    that the drag force on a plate of length L is given by = L wallD wdxxF 0 )( , calculate the overall drag if the Reynolds number ReL is large making the drag coefficient small, the drag force FD becomes large. Use of a falling sphere depends on the sphere diameter, sphere density, fluid density, fluid viscosity

  1. Department: HISTORY Course number: 3551 W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department: HISTORY Course number: 3551 W Course title: Topics in U.S. Legal History Credits: 3 Contact Person: Sherri Olson Q/W: W Catalog Copy:HIST 3551W [248W]. Topics in U.S.Legal History. 3 credits

  2. Department: HISTORY Course number: 3412 W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department: HISTORY Course number: 3412 W Course title: Intellectual and Social History of Europe]. Intellectual and Social History of Europe in the Nineteenth Century LANSING, DINTENFASS Prerequisite: ENGL 105 or 110 or 111 or 250. Course Information: The course explores the history of European thought in its

  3. QUARTERLY OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS VOLUME , NUMBER 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Song Chun

    reweighting the energy function. We construct ELMs in the model space for two classic statistical learning, two-step EM and Swendsen-Wang cuts, in the energy landscapes. 1. Introduction. In many statisticalQUARTERLY OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS VOLUME , NUMBER 0 XXXX XXXX, PAGES 000­000 MAPPING ENERGY

  4. Maine Number of Natural Gas Consumers

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    20,806 21,142 22,461 23,555 24,765 27,047 1987-2014 Sales 21,141 22,461 23,555 24,765 27,047 1997-2014 Transported 1 0 0 0 0 2010-2014 Commercial Number of Consumers 8,815 9,084...

  5. Department.: Marketing Course number: MKTG 4997W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Marketing Course number: MKTG 4997W Course title: Senior Thesis in Marketing Credits that it become a 'W' course: 4997. Senior Thesis in Marketing (296) Either semester. Three credits. Hours by arrangement. Prerequisite: Open only to Marketing Department Honor Students with consent of instructor

  6. Materials Science Volume 7, Number 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    Materials Science TM Volume 7, Number 4 Technologies for a changing world Nanomaterials for Energy Conversion and Storage Electrode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries Surface-enhanced Solar Energy Convesion Changing the Landscape of Environmental and Energy Research Through Novel Nanoscale Materials #12

  7. Department: Art History Course number: 3050W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department: Art History Course number: 3050W Course title: African American Art Credits: 3 Contact Person:Jean Givens Content Area: Q/W: W only Catalog Copy:ARTH 3050W African American Art, Either semester. 3 credits The artistic and social legacy of African American art from the eighteenth century

  8. Department: Art & Art History Course number: 3375

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department: Art & Art History Course number: 3375 Course title: Indian Art and Popular Culture Copy: ART 244/3375: Indian Art and Popular Culture: Independence to the Present, 3 credits. Either semester. Instructor: Myers. An interdisciplinary studio art course introducing modern, contemporary, folk

  9. Department: Journalism Course number: 3045W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department: Journalism Course number: 3045W Course title: Specialized Reporting Credits: 3 Contact Person: Wayne Worcester Q/W: W Catalog Copy: JOUR 245W. Specialized Journalism Either semester. Three and feature stories and journalism that demands unswerving accuracy, uncommon grace and thoughtful context

  10. Ramsey numbers of cubes versus cliques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conlon, David

    The cube graph Q[subscript n] is the skeleton of the n-dimensional cube. It is an n-regular graph on 2[superscript n] vertices. The Ramsey number r(Q[subscript n] ;K[subscript s]) is the minimum N such that every graph of ...

  11. Department: Statistics Course number: STAT 202W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department: Statistics Course number: STAT 202W Title: Undergraduate Seminar II Credits: 1 Contact, and choose one statistical topic to investigate in detail. The student will write a well revised will attend 6-8 seminars per semester, and choose one statistical topic to investigate in detail. The student

  12. Family Name: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Names: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ID Number: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; } double price = 54.70 + numberComponents 18.36; return price; } (a) [1 mark] What is the name using BlueJ and enter "Yes" in the dialog box asking for the value of ans). What will it print out? HintStuffOut(String ans){ System.out.println("printStuffOut(" + ans + "):"); String first = "Maybe"; String third = ans

  13. Washington Number of Natural Gas Consumers

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    059,239 1,067,979 1,079,277 1,088,762 1,102,318 1,118,193 1987-2014 Sales 1,067,979 1,079,277 1,088,762 1,102,318 1,118,193 1997-2014 Commercial Number of Consumers 98,965 99,231...

  14. Building Grassmann Numbers from PI-Algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo M. Bentin; Sergio Mota

    2012-04-06

    This works deals with the formal mathematical structure of so called Grassmann Numbers applied to Theoretical Physics, which is a basic concept on Berezin integration. To achieve this purpose we make use of some constructions from relative modern Polynomial Identity Algebras (PI-Algebras) applied to the special case of the Grassmann algebra.

  15. The 17 GHz active region number

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selhorst, C. L.; Pacini, A. A.; Costa, J. E. R.; Giménez de Castro, C. G.; Valio, A.; Shibasaki, K.

    2014-08-01

    We report the statistics of the number of active regions (NAR) observed at 17 GHz with the Nobeyama Radioheliograph between 1992, near the maximum of cycle 22, and 2013, which also includes the maximum of cycle 24, and we compare with other activity indexes. We find that NAR minima are shorter than those of the sunspot number (SSN) and radio flux at 10.7 cm (F10.7). This shorter NAR minima could reflect the presence of active regions generated by faint magnetic fields or spotless regions, which were a considerable fraction of the counted active regions. The ratio between the solar radio indexes F10.7/NAR shows a similar reduction during the two minima analyzed, which contrasts with the increase of the ratio of both radio indexes in relation to the SSN during the minimum of cycle 23-24. These results indicate that the radio indexes are more sensitive to weaker magnetic fields than those necessary to form sunspots, of the order of 1500 G. The analysis of the monthly averages of the active region brightness temperatures shows that its long-term variation mimics the solar cycle; however, due to the gyro-resonance emission, a great number of intense spikes are observed in the maximum temperature study. The decrease in the number of these spikes is also evident during the current cycle 24, a consequence of the sunspot magnetic field weakening in the last few years.

  16. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 239W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 239W Course Title: Current Topics in Developmental Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: Current Topics in Developmental Psychology Division of the Department of Psychology, the faculty have used this "Current Topics" course to fulfill

  17. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 242W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 242W Course Title: Laboratory in Social Psychology ; PSYC 240 , and consent of instructor. Methods and techniques of research in social psychology psychology in order to be the best resources to the students, given the subject matter. #12;

  18. Department :PSYCHOLOGY Course number: 3370 W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department :PSYCHOLOGY Course number: 3370 W Course title: Current Topics in Clinical Psychology Psychology. Three credits. Either semester. Prerequisite: PSYC 243 or PSYC 245 or PSYC 245W or consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit with a change in topic. Justification: Clinical psychology is an area

  19. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 245W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 245W Course Title: Abnormal Psychology Credits: 3 Criteria: 1. This course covers topics in abnormal psychology, including specific syndromes in several ways. First, the students must read relevant chapters of the Psychology Student Writer's Manual

  20. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 282W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 282W Course Title: Social-Organizational Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: PSYC 282W. Social-Organizational Psychology. Either semester. Three credits. Prerequisite: PSYC 268 or PSYC 240. Barnes-Farell, Magley. Social psychological

  1. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 202QW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 202QW Course Title: Principles of Research in Psychology Credits: 4 Contact Person: Charles A. Lowe, Department Head Catalog Copy : PSYC 202QW. Principles of Research in Psychology Either semester. Four credits. Three 1-hour lecture periods and one 2-hour

  2. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 296W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 296W Course Title: Senior Thesis in Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: Senior Thesis in Psychology. Either semester. ThreeW is an Honors course taken by Psychology majors in their last semester of study; the purpose

  3. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 232W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 232W Course Title: Laboratory in Developmental Credits psychological research on young children; advanced topics. W Criteria: - The students will perform both as laboratory reports after each is completed. The reports will follow American Psychological Association

  4. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 280W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 280W Course Title: Current Topics in Industrial/Organizational Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Competency Group: W only Catalog Copy: PSYC 280W. Current Topics in Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Three credits. Either semester. Prerequisites: PSYC 135

  5. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 241W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 241W Course Title: Current Topics in Social Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: 241W. Current Topics in Social Psychology. Semester of bias, communication of prejudice, self-in social psychology, psychosocial aspects of the HIV epidemic

  6. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 291W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 291W Course Title: The History and Systems of Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: PSYC 291W. The History and Systems of Psychology. Prerequisite: PSYC 135 or 133; ENGL 105 or 110 or 111 or 250. W Criteria: 1. The History

  7. Data Conversion in Residue Number System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilic, Zeljko

    ;2 Abstract This thesis tackles the problem of data conversion in the Residue Number System (RNS). The RNS has the use of RNS at the applications. In this thesis, we aim at developing efficient schemes for the conversion from the conventional representation to the RNS representation and vice versa. The conventional

  8. Customer Service Specialist Job Number: 54844874

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Customer Service Specialist Job Number: 54844874 Company Name: Baxter International, Inc Job to the customer and/or the sales team including any corrective actions needed to prevent the failure in the future: Medical Information, Distribution Centers, Planning and Deployment, Credit and Collections, Customer

  9. Integrality of L2 -Betti numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schick, Thomas

    Integrality of L2 -Betti numbers Thomas Schick FB Mathematik -- Universit¨at M¨unster Germany Last algebraic question: e-mail: thomas.schick@math.uni-muenster.de www: http://www.math.uni-muenster.de/u/schickt/ Fax: ++49 -251/83 38370 1 #12;2 Thomas Schick 1.2 Definition. Let Z Q be an additive subgroup

  10. Code Number :.............. HEAT TRANSFER QUALIFYING EXAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeny, Brian

    is at 40 °C, estimate the heat transfer per unit length by radiation and convection between the twoCode Number :.............. HEAT TRANSFER QUALIFYING EXAM January 2010 OPEN BOOK (only one book) The heat transfer coefficient c) The length of pipe needed for a 35 °C increase in mean temperature d

  11. Policy Title: Policy Number: Federal Student Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco, John

    . All such officials shall further distribute the Code to their direct and indirect reports who havePolicy Title: Policy Number: Federal Student Aid Code of Conduct 1.3.3 Category: Administrative Office of the Bursar University of Cincinnati Federal Student Aid Code of Conduct, page 1 of 5 Background

  12. NUMBER: 1530 TITLE: Code of Student Conduct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . For the purposes of this Code, the term "University Official" is inclusive of "Faculty Member" as defined in IV 1530 1 NUMBER: 1530 TITLE: Code of Student Conduct APPROVED: August 27, 1970; Revised June 14, 2012 I. BASIS AND RATIONALE FOR A CODE OF STUDENT CONDUCT Old Dominion University

  13. TEXAS MEMORIAL MUSEUM Speleological Monographs, Number 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suarez, Andrew V.

    TEXAS MEMORIAL MUSEUM Speleological Monographs, Number 7 Studies on the CAVE AND ENDOGEAN FAUNA Science Research Laboratory Museum of Texas Tech University, 3301 4th Street Lubbock, Texas 79409 U.S.A. Email: james.cokendolpher@ttu.edu and James R. Reddell Texas Natural Science Center The University

  14. Random Numbers Certified by Bell's Theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Pironio; A. Acin; S. Massar; A. Boyer de la Giroday; D. N. Matsukevich; P. Maunz; S. Olmschenk; D. Hayes; L. Luo; T. A. Manning; C. Monroe

    2010-10-19

    Randomness is a fundamental feature in nature and a valuable resource for applications ranging from cryptography and gambling to numerical simulation of physical and biological systems. Random numbers, however, are difficult to characterize mathematically, and their generation must rely on an unpredictable physical process. Inaccuracies in the theoretical modelling of such processes or failures of the devices, possibly due to adversarial attacks, limit the reliability of random number generators in ways that are difficult to control and detect. Here, inspired by earlier work on nonlocality based and device independent quantum information processing, we show that the nonlocal correlations of entangled quantum particles can be used to certify the presence of genuine randomness. It is thereby possible to design of a new type of cryptographically secure random number generator which does not require any assumption on the internal working of the devices. This strong form of randomness generation is impossible classically and possible in quantum systems only if certified by a Bell inequality violation. We carry out a proof-of-concept demonstration of this proposal in a system of two entangled atoms separated by approximately 1 meter. The observed Bell inequality violation, featuring near-perfect detection efficiency, guarantees that 42 new random numbers are generated with 99% confidence. Our results lay the groundwork for future device-independent quantum information experiments and for addressing fundamental issues raised by the intrinsic randomness of quantum theory.

  15. MARINE RESEARCH Volume 66, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of MARINE RESEARCH Volume 66, Number 1 Mean energy balance in the tropical Pacific Ocean requires energy input from the wind. Previous studies estimate that the mean rate of wind work (or wind global energy input into the ocean circulation, it is also critical in maintaining the east-west tilt

  16. MARINE RESEARCH Volume 56, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balmforth, Neil

    Journal of MARINE RESEARCH Volume 56, Number 1 Enhanced dispersion of near-inertial waves at San Diego, La Jolla, California, 92093- 0230, U.S.A. Journal of Marine Research, 56, 1­40, 1998 1 #12 the near-inertial energy in the mixed layer returns to backgroundlevels on a time scale of ten to twenty

  17. NUMBER: 1626 TITLE: Information Technology Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cost of more than $100,000 but less than $1 million. E. University Advisory Council on Technology (UACT technology project estimated to cost $1 million or more or deemed to be mission-critical. VI. Designated1626 - 1 NUMBER: 1626 TITLE: Information Technology Management APPROVED: September 9, 2005 I

  18. Clar number of catacondensed benzenoid hydrocarbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klavzar, Sandi

    Clar number of catacondensed benzenoid hydrocarbons Sandi Klavzara, , Petra Zigerta , Ivan Gutmanb sextets in any of the Clar formulae) of a catacondensed benzenoid hydrocarbon: CL is equal to the minimum; Resonance graph; Benzenoid hydrocarbons 1. Introduction Within the theory that was formulated [1, 2

  19. PROCESSING STUDENT RECORDS Generating Permission Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    Numbers Find an Existing Value page appears. Enter the desired Term and Subject Area codes in the fields provided or click on the magnifying glass icon to lookup a term or subject (to narrow your search, type to Records and Enrollment, Term Processing, Class Permissions, Class Permissions. The Class Permission

  20. IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 165201 (4pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/16/165201

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München

    2008-01-01

    IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 165201 (4pp) doi:10 in the UK1 #12;Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 16

  1. Page 1 of 33 3 STYLE HEADING NUMBER FOR CHP. (USED FOR FIG. NUMBERING)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Jack W.

    Page 1 of 33 3 STYLE HEADING NUMBER FOR CHP. (USED FOR FIG. NUMBERING) ACCOUNTING FOR GROUND MOTION intensities considered in the original building design. For modern buildings in the western United States for this spectral shape effect is through selection of a set of ground motions that is specific to the building

  2. Call Numbers Explained 1 8/23/2012 Call Numbers Explained

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    . In the library, books are organized by call number. 3. A call number classifies a book by its subject and tells in the library. 6. The King Library is unusual because it is both a public library and a university library. Because of this, it uses two different classification systems. That is, two different types of call

  3. Sensitivity in risk analyses with uncertain numbers.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tucker, W. Troy; Ferson, Scott

    2006-06-01

    Sensitivity analysis is a study of how changes in the inputs to a model influence the results of the model. Many techniques have recently been proposed for use when the model is probabilistic. This report considers the related problem of sensitivity analysis when the model includes uncertain numbers that can involve both aleatory and epistemic uncertainty and the method of calculation is Dempster-Shafer evidence theory or probability bounds analysis. Some traditional methods for sensitivity analysis generalize directly for use with uncertain numbers, but, in some respects, sensitivity analysis for these analyses differs from traditional deterministic or probabilistic sensitivity analyses. A case study of a dike reliability assessment illustrates several methods of sensitivity analysis, including traditional probabilistic assessment, local derivatives, and a ''pinching'' strategy that hypothetically reduces the epistemic uncertainty or aleatory uncertainty, or both, in an input variable to estimate the reduction of uncertainty in the outputs. The prospects for applying the methods to black box models are also considered.

  4. Diophantine Equations and Congruent Number Equation Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamuka Meskhishvili

    2015-04-16

    By using pairs of nontrivial rational solutions of congruent number equation $$ C_N:\\;\\;y^2=x^3-N^2x, $$ constructed are pairs of rational right (Pythagorean) triangles with one common side and the other sides equal to the sum and difference of the squares of the same rational numbers. The parametrizations are found for following Diophantine systems: \\begin{align*} (p^2\\pm q^2)^2-a^2 & =\\square_{1,2}\\,, \\\\[0.2cm] c^2-(p^2\\pm q^2)^2 & =\\square_{1,2}\\,, \\\\[0.2cm] a^2+(p^2\\pm q^2)^2 & =\\square_{1,2}\\,, \\\\[0.2cm] (p^2\\pm q^2)^2-a^2 & =(r^2\\pm s^2)^2. \\end{align*}

  5. Cost Center: 9417 Job Number: 5501

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Cost Center: 9417 Job Number: 5501 Job Title: Coil Bus Runs Job Manager: Mark Smith Estimate (user input) SCHEDULE FY09$K HOURS (priced at FY09 rates) ` % USER INPUT TASKS AND DESCRIPTIONS USER INPU $1**EM(analysisengr) EA**(Designer) EC**EM(computingEng EC**SB(ComputingTec EC**TB(ComputingTec EE**EM(ElctrEngr) EE**SM(SeniorElectr

  6. Automatic Sets of Rational Numbers Eric Rowland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowland, Eric

    Automatic Sets of Rational Numbers Eric Rowland Universit´e de Li`ege D´epartement de Math Abstract The notion of a k-automatic set of integers is well-studied. We develop a new notion -- the k-automatic recall a well-studied concept, that of k-automatic set (see, e.g., [8, 9, 2]): Definition 1. We say

  7. Automatic Sets of Rational Numbers Eric Rowland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowland, Eric

    Automatic Sets of Rational Numbers Eric Rowland Universitâ??e de Liâ??ege Dâ??epartement de Math Abstract The notion of a k­automatic set of integers is well­studied. We develop a new notion --- the k­automatic, as follows: [L] k = {[w] k : w # L}. (2) We now recall a well­studied concept, that of k­automatic set (see

  8. Fractal sets of dual topological quantum numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellington da Cruz

    2004-06-18

    The universality classes of the quantum Hall transitions are considered in terms of fractal sets of dual topological quantum numbers filling factors, labelled by a fractal or Hausdorff dimension defined into the interval $1 < h < 2$ and associated with fractal curves. We show that our approach to the fractional quantum Hall effect-FQHE is free of any empirical formula and this characteristic appears as a crucial insight for our understanding of the FQHE. According to our formulation, the FQHE gets a fractal structure from the connection between the filling factors and the Hausdoff dimension of the quantum paths of particles termed fractons which obey a fractal distribution function associated with a fractal von Neumann entropy. This way, the quantum Hall transitions satisfy some properties related to the Farey sequences of rational numbers and so our theoretical description of the FQHE establishes a connection between physics, fractal geometry and number theory. The FQHE as a convenient physical system for a possible prove of the Riemann hypothesis is suggested.

  9. About the logic of the prime number distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry K. Hahn

    2008-01-28

    There are two basic number sequences which play a major role in the prime number distribution. The first Number Sequence SQ1 contains all prime numbers of the form 6n+5 and the second Number Sequence SQ2 contains all prime numbers of the form 6n+1. All existing prime numbers seem to be contained in these two number sequences, except of the prime numbers 2 and 3. Riemanns Zeta Function also seems to indicate, that there is a logical connection between the mentioned number sequences and the distribution of prime numbers. This connection is indicated by lines in the diagram of the Zeta Function, which are formed by the points s where the Zeta Function is real. Another key role in the distribution of the prime numbers plays the number 5 and its periodic occurrence in the two number sequences SQ1 and SQ2. All non-prime numbers in SQ1 and SQ2 are caused by recurrences of these two number sequences with increasing wave-lengths in themselves, in a similar fashion as Overtones (harmonics) or Undertones derive from a fundamental frequency. On the contrary prime numbers represent spots in these two basic Number Sequences SQ1 and SQ2 where there is no interference caused by these recurring number sequences. The distribution of the non-prime numbers and prime numbers can be described in a graphical way with a -Wave Model- (or Interference Model) -- see Table 2.

  10. EPJ Web of Conferences 19, 08008 (2012) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20121908008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciotti, Luca

    2012-01-01

    EPJ Web of Conferences 19, 08008 (2012) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20121908008 C Owned by the authors://dx.doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20121908008 #12;EPJ Web of Conferences 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60

  11. Journal of the Geological Society doi: 10.1144/0016-76492011-007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    Journal of the Geological Society doi: 10.1144/0016-76492011-007 2011; v. 168; p. 1285-1295Journal or part of this articlehereclick Subscribe Collection to subscribe to Journal of the Geological Society #12;Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 168, 2011, pp. 1285­1295. doi: 10

  12. Journal of Experimental Botany doi:10.1093/jxb/erp002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Experimental Botany doi:10.1093/jxb/erp002 60:719-726, 2009. First published 12 Feb 2009. 719­726, 2009 doi:10.1093/jxb/erp002 DARWIN REVIEW A Darwinian view of metabolism: molecular

  13. Halo occupation numbers and galaxy bias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. A. Peacock; R. E. Smith

    2000-06-30

    We propose a heuristic model that displays the main features of realistic theories for galaxy bias. We show that the low-order clustering statistics of the dark-matter distribution depend almost entirely on the locations and density profiles of dark-matter haloes. A hypothetical galaxy catalogue depends on (i) the efficiency of galaxy formation, as manifested by the halo occupation number -- the number of galaxies brighter than some sample limit contained in a halo of a given mass; (ii) the location of these galaxies within their halo. The first factor is constrained by the empirical luminosity function of groups. For the second factor, we assume that one galaxy marks the halo centre, with any remaining galaxies acting as satellites that trace the halo mass. These simple assumptions amount to a recipe for non-local bias, in which the probability of finding a galaxy is not a simple function of its local mass density. We have applied this prescription to some CDM models of current interest, and find that the predictions are close to the observed galaxy correlations for a flat $\\Omega=0.3$ model ($\\Lambda$CDM), but not for an $\\Omega=1$ model with the same power spectrum ($\\tau$CDM). This is an inevitable consequence of cluster normalization for the power spectra: cluster-scale haloes of given mass have smaller core radii for high $\\Omega$, and hence display enhanced small-scale clustering. Finally, the pairwise velocity dispersion of galaxies in the $\\Lambda$CDM model is lower than that of the mass, allowing cluster-normalized models to yield a realistic Mach number for the peculiar velocity field. This is largely due to the strong variation of galaxy-formation efficiency with halo mass that is required in this model.

  14. Texas Rice, Volume II, Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01

    Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center Beaumont, Texas June 2002 Volume II Number 4 Texas Rice A Tribute to David Wintermann 28th Annual Field Day at Eagle Lake David Wintermann’s active in- volvement... Sugar Refinery near Eagle Lake and in 1909 he, along with other investors, in- corporated Lakeside Irrigation Co. (previously Eagle Lake Ir- rigation Co.) When R.J. died in 1910, he left all his prop- erty to his wife Louise, and $25,000 to each of his...

  15. Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center Beaumont, Texas September 2007 Volume VII Number 7 Texas Rice Nobel Peace Prize Recipient Dr. Norman Borlaug continued on page 4 September of 2003 was a time etched... Tabien, and Dr. Lee Tarpley. Four years ago this month, the Texas A&M Research and Exten- sion Center at Beaumont was hon- ored to welcome one of the most influential people in agriculture. Nobel Peace Prize recipient, Dr. Norman Borlaug, has a long...

  16. Health Code Number (HCN) Development Procedure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petrocchi, Rocky; Craig, Douglas K.; Bond, Jayne-Anne; Trott, Donna M.; Yu, Xiao-Ying

    2013-09-01

    This report provides the detailed description of health code numbers (HCNs) and the procedure of how each HCN is assigned. It contains many guidelines and rationales of HCNs. HCNs are used in the chemical mixture methodology (CMM), a method recommended by the department of energy (DOE) for assessing health effects as a result of exposures to airborne aerosols in an emergency. The procedure is a useful tool for proficient HCN code developers. Intense training and quality assurance with qualified HCN developers are required before an individual comprehends the procedure to develop HCNs for DOE.

  17. Compare Activities by Number of Computers

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep3,118,592Number of Computers

  18. Property:PhoneNumber | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLCALLETE Inc dEA EIS ReportNumberOfUnitsOwners

  19. Climate Zone Number 4 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to:NewMinnesota:Protection Action2BZone Number 4 Jump

  20. Climate Zone Number 6 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to:NewMinnesota:Protection Action2BZone Number 4

  1. Climate Zone Number 7 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to:NewMinnesota:Protection Action2BZone Number 4Climate

  2. Climate Zone Number 8 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to:NewMinnesota:Protection Action2BZone Number

  3. Climate Zone Number 2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation, search Name:Climate Zone Number 2 Jump to:

  4. Climate Zone Number 3 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation, search Name:Climate Zone Number 2 Jump

  5. Climate Zone Number 5 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to: navigation, search Name:Climate Zone Number 2

  6. Grammatical morphology as a source of early number word meanings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    to counting is important to learning number word meanings,hearing number words used outside of these routines—in thewere given two tests of number word knowledge. The Give-a-

  7. Why is number word learning hard? Evidence from bilingual learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Katie; Kimura, Katherine; Cheung, Pierina; Barner, David

    2015-01-01

    s acquisition of the number words and the counting system.as a source of early number word meanings. PNAS, 110(46),the acquisition of number words. Journal of Child Language,

  8. Pure and Applied Mathematics Quarterly Volume 2, Number 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Keywords: Periods, transcendental numbers, irrationality, integrals, series, Diophantine approximation, irrationality measures, transcendence measures, measures of algebraic independence, Gamma function, Beta: to decide whether a period is a rational number, an irrational algebraic number or else a tran- scendental

  9. The New Element Californium (Atomic Number 98)

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Seaborg, G. T.; Thompson, S. G.; Street, K. Jr.; Ghiroso, A.

    1950-06-19

    Definite identification has been made of an isotope of the element with atomic number 98 through the irradiation of Cm{sup 242} with about 35-Mev helium ions in the Berkeley Crocker Laboratory 60-inch cyclotron. The isotope which has been identified has an observed half-life of about 45 minutes and is thought to have the mass number 244. The observed mode of decay of 98{sup 244} is through the emission of alpha-particles, with energy of about 7.1 Mev, which agrees with predictions. Other considerations involving the systematics of radioactivity in this region indicate that it should also be unstable toward decay by electron capture. The chemical separation and identification of the new element was accomplished through the use of ion exchange adsorption methods employing the resin Dowex-50. The element 98 isotope appears in the eka-dysprosium position on elution curves containing berkelium and curium as reference points--that is, it precedes berkelium and curium off the column in like manner that dysprosium precedes terbium and gadolinium. The experiments so far have revealed only the tripositive oxidation state of eka-dysprosium character and suggest either that higher oxidation states are not stable in aqueous solutions or that the rates of oxidation are slow. The successful identification of so small an amount of an isotope of element 98 was possible only through having made accurate predictions of the chemical and radioactive properties.

  10. Modeling the Number of Ignitions Following an Earthquake: Developing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Modeling the Number of Ignitions Following an Earthquake: Developing Prediction Limits for Overdispersed Count Data Modeling the Number of Ignitions Following an Earthquake:...

  11. Navigating the Numbers: Greenhouse Gas Data and International...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Navigating the Numbers: Greenhouse Gas Data and International Climate Policy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Navigating the Numbers: Greenhouse Gas Data...

  12. The Number of Planets Around Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noam Soker

    1997-06-24

    Based on the large number of elliptical planetary nebulae I argue that about 55 per cent of all progenitors of planetary nebulae have planets around them. The planets spin up the stars when the later evolve along the red giant branch or along the asymptotic giant branch. The arguments, which were presented in several of my earlier works, and are summarized in the paper, suggest that the presence of four gas-giant planets in the solar system is the generality rather than the exception. I here continue and: (1) examine the possibility of detecting signatures of surviving Saturn-like planets inside planetary nebulae, and, (2) propose a model by which the second parameter of the horizontal branch, which determines the distribution of horizontal branch stars in the HR diagram, is the presence of planets. A red giant branch star that interacts with a planet will lose a large fraction of its envelope and will become a blue horizontal branch star.

  13. txH2O: Volume 2, Number 3 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2006-01-01

    of bed profiles in alluvial channels Gokmen Tayfur 1 and Vijay P. Singh 2 Received 7 March 2005; revised 23 February 2006; accepted 10 March 2006; published 21 June 2006. [1] A mathematical model, based on the kinematic wave (KW) theory, is developed... concentration (maximum bed form elevation) strongly affect transient bed profiles. Citation: Tayfur, G., and V. P. Singh (2006), Kinematic wave model of bed profiles in alluvial channels, Water Resour. Res., 42, W06414, doi:10.1029/2005WR004089. 1. Introduction...

  14. Bipartite Ramsey Numbers and Zarankiewicz Wayne Goddard 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard, Wayne

    Bipartite Ramsey Numbers and Zarankiewicz Numbers Wayne Goddard 1 School of Geological and Computer Ramsey number b(m, n) is the least positive integer b such that if the edges of K(b, b) are coloured are used to bound b(m, n) for m, n 6. Key words: Graphs, bipartite Ramsey numbers, Zarankiewicz, bicliques

  15. Degree Ramsey and On-Line Degree Ramsey Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    Degree Ramsey and On-Line Degree Ramsey Numbers Douglas B. West Department of Mathematics;Parameter Ramsey Numbers Def. H G means every 2-coloring of E(H) gives a monochromatic G. Ramsey's Theorem H exists. Ramsey number R(G) = min{n: Kn G}. #12;Parameter Ramsey Numbers Def. H G means every 2

  16. Classifying the phase transition threshold for unordered regressive Ramsey numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiermann, Andreas

    Classifying the phase transition threshold for unordered regressive Ramsey numbers Florian the notion of unordered regressive Ramsey numbers or unordered Kanamori-McAloon numbers. We show that these are of Ackermannian growth rate. For a given number- theoretic function f we consider unordered f-regressive Ramsey

  17. Degree Ramsey and On-Line Degree Ramsey Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    Degree Ramsey and On-Line Degree Ramsey Numbers Douglas B. West Department of Mathematics Stocker #12;Parameter Ramsey Numbers Def. H G means every 2-coloring of E(H) gives a monochromatic G. Ramsey's Theorem H exists. Ramsey number R(G) = min{n: Kn G}. #12;Parameter Ramsey Numbers Def. H G

  18. AERODYNAMICS AND DESIGN FOR ULTRA-LOW REYNOLDS NUMBER FLIGHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    AERODYNAMICS AND DESIGN FOR ULTRA-LOW REYNOLDS NUMBER FLIGHT A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED at Reynolds numbers below 10,000, here termed ultra-low Reynolds numbers. The effects of airfoil geometry at ultra-low Reynolds numbers. To further explore this design space, the flow solver has been coupled

  19. Report Number R99/0497 Report Title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, Helene

    Report Number R99/0497 Report Title IMPROVING THE ACCURACY OF AERIAL SURVEYS FOR DUGONGS. Report Date December 2004 #12;AFMA Report Number R99/0497 2 IMPROVING THE ACCURACY OF AERIAL SURVEYS, Raleigh, NC 27695-8203, USA AFMA Project Number R 99/0497 December 2004 #12;AFMA Report Number R99/0497 3

  20. Scaling an RNS number using the core function Neil Burgess,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklobdzija, Vojin G.

    Scaling an RNS number using the core function Neil Burgess, Cardiff School of Engineering, Cardiff for extracting the core of a Residue Number System (RNS) number within the RNS, this affording a new method for scaling RNS numbers. Suppose an RNS comprises a set of co-prime moduli, mi, with mi = M. This paper

  1. 90 Los Alamos Science Number 23 1995 Number 23 1995 Los Alamos Science 91

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massey, Thomas N.

    in the photo at left graphically portray the rate of can- cer mortality in the United States. On average, one. The purple cir- cles represent excess cancer deaths above the normal rate. The job of the radiation epidemiologist is to determine the number of ex- cess cancer deaths among a group that has been exposed

  2. MIXMAX random number generator. Generalised parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savvidy, Konstantin

    2015-01-01

    We are exploring the parameter space of the MIXMAX random number generator, which is based on Kolmogorov-Anosov C-system defined on a torus. For a two-parameter family of C-system operators A(N,s), parametrised by the integers N and s, we found new larger values of N. One can deduce from this data that the entropy and the period are sharply increasing with N. For all of these parameters, the sequence passes all tests in the BigCrush suite. For the largest of them, N=44851, the period approaches million digits. The generator with N=256 and s=487013230256099064 has the best combination of speed, reasonable size of the state and availability for implementing the parallelisation and is currently the default generator in the ROOT software package at CERN. A three-parameter generator A(N,s,m) of the MIXMX family of generators is also presented, and it provides high quality statistical properties for small values of N.

  3. File:DOD DOI MOU.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto ElectricMonasterwind crossword.pdf Jump to:DOD DOI MOU.pdf Jump

  4. Theor Appl Genet DOI 10.1007/s00122-007-0605-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, John M.

    Theor Appl Genet DOI 10.1007/s00122-007-0605-2 123 ORIGINAL PAPER Universal markers for comparative Blvd, Boston, MA 02125, USA #12;Theor Appl Genet 123 genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana (e

  5. OUTLOOK ON EVOLUTION AND SOCIETY doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.00947.x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    OUTLOOK ON EVOLUTION AND SOCIETY doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.00947.x EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY. Evolution 64-5: 1517­1528 #12;OUTLOOK ON EVOLUTION AND SOCIETY Evolutionary biologists have long endeavored

  6. Sustainability 2012, 4, 210-226; doi:10.3390/su4020210 sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainability 2012, 4, 210-226; doi:10.3390/su4020210 sustainability ISSN 2071-1050 www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability accounting. Keywords: climate policy; burden sharing; negative emissions OPEN ACCESS #12;Sustainability 2012

  7. EPJ Web of Conferences 43, 05004 (2013) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20134305004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciel, Walter Junqueira

    2013-01-01

    EPJ Web of Conferences 43, 05004 (2013) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20134305004 C Owned by the authors/20134305004 #12;EPJ Web of Conferences rotation curve c(R), the difference between the measured and expected

  8. EPJ Web of Conferences 57, 03005 (2013) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20135703005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orozco, Luis A.

    2013-01-01

    EPJ Web of Conferences 57, 03005 (2013) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20135703005 C Owned by the authors/20135703005 #12;EPJ Web of Conferences of the system. That previous protocol depended critically

  9. EPJ Web of Conferences 73, 05012 (2014) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20147305012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weise, Wolfram

    2014-01-01

    EPJ Web of Conferences 73, 05012 (2014) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20147305012 C Owned by the authors. #12;EPJ Web of Conferences Figure 1. Feynman diagrams contributing at leading and next

  10. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200601882 Spontaneous Formation of Mesoscale Polymer Patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200601882 Spontaneous Formation of Mesoscale Polymer Patterns in an Evaporating of intriguing, ordered structures. Herein, we report on the spontaneous formation of well-or- ganized mesoscale

  11. DOI Strategic Sciences Working Group Mississippi Canyon 252/Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DOI Strategic Sciences Working Group Mississippi Canyon 252/Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Strategic Sciences Working Group Mississippi Canyon 252/Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Progress Report Executive Summary Introduction and Objectives The Mississippi Canyon 252/Deepwater Horizon (MS252) oil spill

  12. doi:10.1111/evo.12501 Shape-shift: Semicircular canal morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzman, Wendy

    doi:10.1111/evo.12501 Shape-shift: Semicircular canal morphology responds to selective breeding. An experimental evo- lutionary mouse model was used to test the hypotheses that semicircular canal morphology (1

  13. Biomaterials Cite this: DOI: 10.1039/c3bm60214a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lagrée, Pierre-Yves

    Biomaterials Science PAPER Cite this: DOI: 10.1039/c3bm60214a Received 17th September 2013 Silica nanoparticles are widely used nanomaterials, e.g. fillers in cosmetics, food additives or dental

  14. Distrib. Comput. (2010) 22:249267 DOI 10.1007/s00446-010-0099-z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Distrib. Comput. (2010) 22:249­267 DOI 10.1007/s00446-010-0099-z Towards worst-case churn resistant peer degree and network diameter. Keywords Churn · Dynamic networks · Fault-tolerance · Overlay network

  15. Journal of Heredity 2011:102(1):4754 doi:10.1093/jhered/esq101

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steury, Todd D.

    email: journals.permissions@oup.com. Population Structure and Comparative Phylogeography of Jack SpeciesJournal of Heredity 2011:102(1):47­54 doi:10.1093/jhered/esq101 Advance Access publication

  16. Journal of Micropalaeontology doi: 10.1144/0262-821X10-016

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminski, Michael A.

    Journal of Micropalaeontology doi: 10.1144/0262-821X10-016 2011; v. 30; p. 7-10Journal to re-use all or part of this articlehereclick Subscribe Collection to subscribe to Journal

  17. LETTER doi:10.1038/nature13436 Tracking photon jumps with repeated quantum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoret, Michel H.

    LETTER doi:10.1038/nature13436 Tracking photon jumps with repeated quantum non-demolition parity measurements L. Sun1 {, A. Petrenko1 , Z. Leghtas1 , B. Vlastakis1 , G. Kirchmair1 {, K. M. Sliwa1 , A. Narla1

  18. Published in 2001 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2001, Vol.1, 331-338 -DOI 10.1109/AERO.2001.931724 Designing a Water-Quality Monitor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kounaves, Samuel P.

    Published in 2001 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2001, Vol.1, 331-338 - DOI 10.1109/AERO.2001 Aerospace Conference, 2001, Vol.1, 331-338 - DOI 10.1109/AERO.2001.931724 membrane, on the other hand

  19. Geophysical Prospecting, 2015 doi: 10.1111/1365-2478.12211 Geomechanical property estimation of unconventional reservoirs using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jinsong

    Geophysical Prospecting, 2015 doi: 10.1111/1365-2478.12211 Geomechanical property estimation rock property for the geomechanical response of unconventional reservoir fracking) is demonstrated

  20. IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 115707 (8pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/11/115707

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Harold S.

    2007-01-01

    IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 115707 (8pp) doi:10 building blocks of future nanotechnologies. The interest in such low-dimensional nanomaterials is largely

  1. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 54355440 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/21/025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    2006-01-01

    INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 5435­5440 doi:10 Biomedical Engineering Department, Institute for BioNanotechnology in Medicine, Northwestern University, Room

  2. The Differential Approach to Superlative Index Number Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, William A.; Choi, Ki-Hong; Sinclair, Tara M.

    2003-09-01

    Diewert’s “superlative” index numbers, defined to be exact for second-order aggregator functions, unify index number theory with aggregation theory but have been difficult to identify. We present a new approach to finding ...

  3. ADDITIVITY PROPERTIES OF GENERALIZED BRIDGE NUMBERS OF KNOTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Later, Helmut Doll generalized the the notion of bridge number of a knot. Schubert's notion of bridge splitting of S 3 , whereas Doll's more general notion of bridge number can be formulated in terms of a nice

  4. Grammatical morphology as a source of early number word meanings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almoammer, Alhanouf

    How does cross-linguistic variation in linguistic structure affect children’s acquisition of early number word meanings? We tested this question by investigating number word learning in two unrelated languages that feature ...

  5. Numbers and Arithmetic: Neither Hardwired Nor Out There

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuńez, Rafael

    Numbers and Arithmetic: Neither Hardwired Nor Out There Rafael N ´u ~nez Department of Cognitive that number concepts and arithmetic are neither hard- wired in the brain, nor do they exist out

  6. Stern-Gerlach Experiments and Complex Numbers in Quantum Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Sivakumar

    2012-07-09

    It is often stated that complex numbers are essential in quantum theory. In this article, the need for complex numbers in quantum theory is motivated using the results of tandem Stern-Gerlach experiments

  7. Certification of Taxpayer Identification Number for Individuals Please check one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zallen, Richard

    Substitute Form W-9 Certification of Taxpayer Identification Number for Individuals Please check: ________________________ Middle: _____________________ Last: _______________________________ 2. U.S. taxpayer identification statements are true, correct, and complete and that: 1. The number shown on this form is my correct taxpayer

  8. ORISE: Report shows number of health physics degrees for 2010

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    report shows number of health physics degrees increased for graduates, decreased for undergraduates in 2010 Decreased number of B.S. degrees remains higher than levels in the early...

  9. On the size-Ramsey number of hypergraphs Andrzej Dudek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mubayi, Dhruv

    On the size-Ramsey number of hypergraphs Andrzej Dudek Steven La Fleur Dhruv Mubayi Vojtech R¨odl§ March 20, 2015 Abstract The size-Ramsey number of a graph G is the minimum number of edges in a graph H such that every 2-edge-coloring of H yields a monochromatic copy of G. Size-Ramsey numbers of graphs have been

  10. MULTI-DEGREE BOUNDS ON THE BETTI NUMBERS OF REAL ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-07-28

    Jul 28, 2015 ... Multidegree bounds, Betti numbers, Smith inequalities, semi-algebraic sets, polynomial partitioning, incidence problems. Basu was partially ...

  11. Experiment Number 19 The Transmission of -Radiation Through Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is the Avogadro's number is the density so that the probability of a certain electron being scattered is very

  12. Radio Number for Trees Daphne Der-Fen Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Daphne Der-Fen

    Radio Number for Trees Daphne Der-Fen Liu Department of Mathematics California State University be a connected graph with diameter diam(G). The radio number for G, denoted by rn(G), is the smallest integer k bound for the radio number of trees, and characterize the trees achiev- ing this bound. Moreover, we

  13. Small Ramsey Numbers Stanisl/aw P. Radziszowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    Small Ramsey Numbers Stanisl/aw P. Radziszowski Department of Computer Science Rochester Institute Ramsey numbers, where the avoided graphs are complete or complete without one edge. Many results per behavior of Ramsey numbers, but rather we concentrate on their specific values. Mathematical Reviews

  14. Constructive Lower Bounds on Classical Multicolor Ramsey Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    Constructive Lower Bounds on Classical Multicolor Ramsey Numbers Xu Xiaodong and Xie Zheng bounds for classical multicolor Ramsey numbers, first by giving a short overview of past results-diagonal multicolor Ramsey numbers. In particular, we improve several lower bounds for Rk(4) and Rk(5) for some small

  15. Constructive Lower Bounds on Classical Multicolor Ramsey Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    Constructive Lower Bounds on Classical Multicolor Ramsey Numbers Xu Xiaodong and Xie Zheng studies lower bounds for classical multicolor Ramsey numbers, #12;rst by giving a short overview of past diagonal and o#11;-diagonal multicolor Ramsey numbers. In particular, we improve several lower bounds for R

  16. Ramsey Numbers for Triangles Almost-Complete Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    Ramsey Numbers for Triangles versus Almost-Complete Graphs To the fond memory of Paul Erd on the corresponding Ramsey number, R(K 3 ; K 10 e) #20; 38. The new lower bound of 37 for this number is established by one the best previously known lower and upper bounds. We also give the bounds for the next Ramsey

  17. Bounds for Ramsey numbers in multipartite Eugene Heinz Stipp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Bounds for Ramsey numbers in multipartite graphs Eugene Heinz Stipp Submitted in partial fulfilment-Committee B. #12;iv ­ ABSTRACT ­ The notion of a classical graph theoretic Ramsey number is generalized as in the standard definition. Some small multipartite Ramsey numbers are found, while upper- and lower bounds

  18. New Computational Upper Bounds for Ramsey Numbers R(3, k)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    New Computational Upper Bounds for Ramsey Numbers R(3, k) Jan Goedgebeur Department of Applied computational techniques we derive six new upper bounds on the classical two- color Ramsey numbers: R(3, 10) 42) 42. Keywords: Ramsey number; upper bound; computation the electronic journal of combinatorics XX

  19. Shannon Capacity and Ramsey Numbers from Product of Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    Bounds on Shannon Capacity and Ramsey Numbers from Product of Graphs Xiaodong Xu Guangxi Academy Abstract In this paper we study Shannon capacity of channels in the context of classical Ramsey numbers. We by Abbott and Song and thus establish new lower bounds for a special type of multicolor Ramsey numbers. We

  20. Bounds for Ramsey numbers in multipartite Eugene Heinz Stipp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Bounds for Ramsey numbers in multipartite graphs Eugene Heinz Stipp Submitted in partial ful#12 theoretic Ramsey number is generalized by assuming that both the original graph whose edges are arbitrarily of complete graphs as in the standard de#12;nition. Some small multipartite Ramsey numbers are found, while

  1. Degree Ramsey Number of Cycles Douglas B. West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    Degree Ramsey Number of Cycles Douglas B. West Department of Mathematics University of Illinois Jiang, Bill Kinnersley, and Kevin Milans #12;Parameter Ramsey Numbers Def. H G means every 2-coloring of E(H) gives a monochromatic G. Ramsey's Theorem H exists. Ramsey number R(G) = min{n: Kn G}. #12

  2. Comparative estimation of the reproduction number for pandemic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowell, Gerardo

    -8523, Japan The reproduction number, R, defined as the average number of secondary cases generated notifications during the autumn wave of the influenza pandemic (Spanish flu) in the city of San Francisco.07, 2.65) for the entire autumn wave. We conclude that the reproduction number for pandemic influenza

  3. Compact floating-gate true random number generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    Compact floating-gate true random number generator P. Xu, Y.L. Wong, T.K. Horiuchi and P.A. Abshire A compact true random number generator (RNG) integrated circuit with adjustable probability is presented. Introduction: Random number generation is indispensable in crypto- graphy, scientific computing and stochastic

  4. SPICE Simulation of a "Provably Secure" True Random Number Generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    SPICE Simulation of a "Provably Secure" True Random Number Generator Markus Dichtl, Bernd Meyer True Random Number Generator with Built-in Tolerance to Active Attacks", B. Sunar, W. Mar- tin, and D. Stinson propose a design for a true random number generator. Using SPICE simulation we study the behaviour

  5. Number of Jacobi quartic curves over finite Rongquan Feng1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Number of Jacobi quartic curves over finite fields Rongquan Feng1 , Hongfeng Wu2 1 LMAM, School@gmail.com Abstract In this paper the number of Fq-isomorphism classes of Jacobi quar- tic curves, i.e., the number of Jacobi quartic curves with distinct j- invariants, over finite field Fq is enumerated. Keywords: Elliptic

  6. TRANSCENDENCE OF THE GAUSSIAN LIOUVILLE NUMBER AND RELATIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borwein, Peter

    TRANSCENDENCE OF THE GAUSSIAN LIOUVILLE NUMBER AND RELATIVES PETER BORWEIN AND MICHAEL COONS to that of Dekking's proof of the transcendence of the Thue­Morse number [7] as well as a theorem of Mahler's [16 is that l is irrational. Theorem 1. If l is the Liouville number, then l / Q. Proof. See proof

  7. MU student numberVISITING STUDENT APPLICATION UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Jerry

    (area code) Telephone number (area code) Cellphone number (area code) Fax number (if available) Student officials, and the completed application is to be sent to the Director of Admissions, University of Missouri, 230 Jesse Hall, Columbia, MO 65211-1300. Because this certification is in lieu of an official

  8. Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells (Number of

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential Consumers (Number of33Cubic Foot)Year Jan FebYear

  9. U.S. Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers - Sales (Number of

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0Proved ReservesData2009 2010Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun (Number

  10. U.S. Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers - Sales (Number of

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0Proved ReservesData2009 2010Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May (Number

  11. U.S. Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers - Sales (Number of

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0Proved ReservesData2009 2010Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May (Number

  12. U.S. Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal,Demand Module of the NationalSalesof(MillionIndustrial Consumers (Number of

  13. U.S. Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal,Demand Module of the NationalSalesof(MillionIndustrial Consumers (Number

  14. Grant Title: INITIATIVE FOR MAXIMIZING STUDENT DEVELOPMENT (IMSD) (R25) Funding Opportunity Number: PAR-13-082. CFDA Number(s): 93.859.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    : PAR-13-082. CFDA Number(s): 93.859. Agency/Department: National Institutes of Health (NIH), National skills, communication skills, time-management, group learning opportunities, independent library or bench career choices with appropriate role models. The proposed research education prog

  15. To link to this article: DOI:10.1016/j.energy.2009.10.032 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2009.10.032

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mailhes, Corinne

    , there is a concentrated effort in the scientific world to find alternative sources of energy. Current emphasis is on renew these alternatives are long-term solutions. The projections of the Energy Information Administration (EIATo link to this article: DOI:10.1016/j.energy.2009.10.032 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2009

  16. Export support of renewable energy industries, grant number 1, deliverable number 3. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-14

    The United States Export Council for Renewable Energy (US/ECRE), a consortium of six industry associations, promotes the interests of the renewable energy and energy efficiency member companies which provide goods and services in biomass, geothermal, hydropower, passive solar, photovoltaics, solar thermal, wind, wood energy, and energy efficiency technologies. US/ECRE`s mission is to catalyze export markets for renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies worldwide. Under this grant, US/ECRE has conducted a number of in-house activities, as well as to manage activities by member trade associations, affiliate organizations and non-member contractors and consultants. The purpose of this document is to report on grant coordination and effectiveness.

  17. Export support of renewable energy industries. Task number 1, deliverable number 3. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-14

    The United States Export Council for Renewable Energy (US/ECRE), a consortium of six industry associations, promotes the interests of the renewable energy and energy efficiency member companies which provide goods and services in biomass, geothermal, hydropower, passive solar, photovoltaics, solar thermal, wind, wood energy, and energy efficiency technologies. US/ECRE`s mission is to catalyze export markets for renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies worldwide. Under this grant, US/ECRE has conducted a number of in-house activities, as well as to manage activities by member trade associations, affiliate organizations and non-member contractors and consultants. The purpose of this document is to report on task coordination and effectiveness.

  18. Ramsey number of a connected triangle matching Andras Gyarfas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkozy, Gabor

    Ramsey number of a connected triangle matching Andr´as Gy´arf´as Alfr´ed R´enyi Institute Ramsey number of a connected triangle match- ing c(nK3) which is a graph with n vertex disjoint triangles matching, R(nK3, nK3) = 5n. The motivation is to determine the Ramsey number R(C2 n, C2 n) of the square

  19. To link to this article: DOI: 10.1063/1.3616147 URL : http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3616147

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mailhes, Corinne

    of the 3d electron configurations implies im- portant changes of material properties including magnetic can be exploited as a non-volatile (read-only) memory effect. [doi:10.1063/1.3616147] Certain 3d4 -3d7, structural, optical, and electrical properties. Up to now, this latter property has received much less

  20. MULTI-DEGREE BOUNDS ON THE BETTI NUMBERS OF REAL ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-07-28

    Jul 28, 2015 ... problem posed in their paper – on extending their bounds on the number of connected ... sets, polynomial partitioning, incidence problems.

  1. The Chern-Simons Number as a Dynamical Variable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tye, S -H Henry

    2016-01-01

    In the standard electroweak theory that describes nature, the Chern-Simons number associated with the vacua as well as the unstable sphaleron solutions play a crucial role in the baryon number violating processes. We recall why the Chern-Simons number should be generalized from a set of discrete values to a dynamical (quantum) variable. Via the construction of an appropriate Hopf invariant and the winding number, we discuss how the geometric information in the gauge fields is also captured in the Higgs field. We then discuss the choice of the Hopf variable in relation to the Chern-Simons variable.

  2. Request for Proposals Number RHB-5-52483

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 National Renewable Energy Laboratory Managed and Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Request for Proposals Number RHB-5-52483 "Subsurface Utility Engineering...

  3. Chicago Office NEPA Tracking Number U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CH F 560-ACQ (1105) Previous editions are obsolete. Chicago Office NEPA Tracking Number U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF SCIENCE -- CHICAGO OFFICE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL...

  4. Reducing the Particulate Emission Numbers in DI Gasoline Engines...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Emission Numbers in DI Gasoline Engines Formation of droplets was minimized through optimization of fuel vaporization and distribution avoiding airfuel zones richer than...

  5. bounding the number of stable homotopy types of a parametrized ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He obtained a full topological classification of such varieties making ... Wall obtains as a consequence of his classification theorem, that the number of different ...

  6. A multichain polymer slip-spring model with fluctuating number...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A multichain polymer slip-spring model with fluctuating number of entanglements for linear and nonlinear rheology Citation Details In-Document Search This content will become...

  7. Fleet Management Procedure Policy number 001 -September 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    Fleet Management Procedure Policy number 001 - September 2013 Complete Policy Title: Facility Services Fleet and Non- Fleet Maintenance/Operations Policy Number: 001 Approved by: VP Administration Date program that will extend the safety, quality and longevity of all vehicles and equipment owned

  8. The distribution of prime numbers on the square root spiral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry K. Hahn; Robert Sachs

    2008-01-09

    Prime Numbers clearly accumulate on defined spiral graphs,which run through the Square Root Spiral. These spiral graphs can be assigned to different spiral-systems, in which all spiral-graphs have the same direction of rotation and the same -second difference- between the numbers, which lie on these spiral-graphs. A mathematical analysis shows, that these spiral graphs are caused exclusively by quadratic polynomials. For example the well known Euler Polynomial x2+x+41 appears on the Square Root Spiral in the form of three spiral-graphs, which are defined by three different quadratic polynomials. All natural numbers,divisible by a certain prime factor, also lie on defined spiral graphs on the Square Root Spiral (or Spiral of Theodorus, or Wurzelspirale). And the Square Numbers 4, 9, 16, 25, 36 even form a highly three-symmetrical system of three spiral graphs, which divides the square root spiral into three equal areas. Fibonacci number sequences also play a part in the structure of the Square Root Spiral. With the help of the Number-Spiral, described by Mr. Robert Sachs, a comparison can be drawn between the Square Root Spiral and the Ulam Spiral. The shown sections of his study of the number spiral contain diagrams, which are related to my analysis results, especially in regards to the distribution of prime numbers.

  9. Brandeis University Environmental Studies current number of majors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Timothy J.

    and government agencies to tackle environmental health problems facing primarily low-income residents in areasBrandeis University Environmental Studies fast facts current number of majors and minors: 61 Number- engaged learning Popular second majors: American studies, biology, international and global studies

  10. Heating Season Has Ended An Update On The Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . An Update On The Numbers The attached graphics illustrate electricity consumption over a number of years. As a reference point, electricity comprises 2/3rds of our total fuel costs. Consumption will vary from year)/May and September/October time-frames represent seasonal transition and an opportunity to save on fuel consumption

  11. Submitted to Operations Research manuscript (Please, provide the manuscript number!)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    , geothermal and biomass, Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPSs) have been implemented in a number of states attributed to the artificial vertical demand curve imposed by regulations. A number of papers (such as Felder arising from a vertical demand curve (or a cliff policy) such as an uncompetitive market, volatile

  12. 142 Los Alamos Science Number 29 2005 Direct Numerical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurien, Susan

    142 Los Alamos Science Number 29 2005 Direct Numerical Simulations of Turbulence Data Generation visualization tools. Los Alamos scientists have been able to simulate flows of Reynolds numbers up to 105 subdomain of the 20483 turbulence simulation performed on the ASC Q machine at Los Alamos. The ASC Q machine

  13. On Pattern Ramsey Numbers of Graphs Robert E. Jamison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    On Pattern Ramsey Numbers of Graphs Robert E. Jamison Mathematical Sciences Clemson University is a Ramsey family if there is some integer N such that every edge- coloring of KN has a copy of some pattern in F. The smallest such N is the (pattern) Ramsey number R(F) of F. The classical Canonical Ramsey

  14. Computing Hypergraph Ramsey Numbers by Using Quantum Circuit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ri Qu; Zong-shang Li; Juan Wang; Yan-ru Bao; Xiao-chun Cao

    2012-10-12

    Gaitan and Clark [Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 010501 (2012)] have recently shown a quantum algorithm for the computation of the Ramsey numbers using adiabatic quantum evolution. We present a quantum algorithm to compute the two-color Ramsey numbers for r-uniform hypergraphs by using the quantum counting circuit.

  15. Planar Ramsey Numbers for Small Graphs Andrzej Dudek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruciñski, Andrzej

    Planar Ramsey Numbers for Small Graphs Andrzej Dudek Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Adam Mickiewicz University Pozna´n, Poland Abstract Given two graphs G1 and G2, the planar Ramsey a copy of G1 or its complement contains a copy of G2. So far, the planar Ramsey numbers have been deter

  16. On Pattern Ramsey Numbers of Graphs Robert E. Jamison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    On Pattern Ramsey Numbers of Graphs Robert E. Jamison Mathematical Sciences Clemson University is a Ramsey family if there is some integer N such that every edge- coloring of KN has a copy of some pattern in F . The smallest such N is the (pattern) Ramsey number R(F ) of F . The classical Canonical Ramsey

  17. New Computational Upper Bounds for Ramsey Numbers R(3, k)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    New Computational Upper Bounds for Ramsey Numbers R(3, k) Jan Goedgebeur Department of Applied@cs.rit.edu Kolloquium ĂĽber Kombinatorik Berlin, November 16, 2012 1/25 Avoiding Triangles in Ramsey Graphs or independence in triangle-free graphs 1 Ramsey Numbers R(3, k) Asymptotics Some background and history Lower

  18. More Constructive Lower Bounds on Classical Ramsey Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    More Constructive Lower Bounds on Classical Ramsey Numbers Xiaodong Xu Guangxi Academy of Sciences Abstract. We present several new constructive lower bounds for classical Ramsey numbers. In particular that for all integers k, l, with k 5 and l 3, the connectivity of any Ramsey-critical (k, l

  19. Unsteady Aerodynamic Models for Agile Flight at Low Reynolds Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    for Wagner's and Theodorsen's models, making them compatible with modern control-system analysis. A number thanks are to my advisor, Clancy Rowley, who has been both a role model and a source of encouragementUnsteady Aerodynamic Models for Agile Flight at Low Reynolds Numbers Steven L. Brunton

  20. Page 1 of 7 (page number not for citation purposes)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page 1 of 7 (page number not for citation purposes) Chemistry Central Journal Open Access operations during large-scale virtual screening jobs. We also implemented an algorithm to output docked in a number of therapeutic programs at the lead discovery stage [1]. Published: 8 September 2008 Chemistry

  1. COMPLETENESS NUMBER OF FAMILIES OF SUBSETS OF CONVERGENCE SPACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolecki, Szymon

    COMPLETENESS NUMBER OF FAMILIES OF SUBSETS OF CONVERGENCE SPACES SZYMON DOLECKI In honor, triquotient maps and extensions of the Choquet active boundary theorem. The completeness number of a family in a convergence space is the least cardinality of collections of covers for which the family becomes complete. 0

  2. Reducing the Cost of Generating APH-distributed Random Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telek, Miklós

    Reducing the Cost of Generating APH-distributed Random Numbers Philipp Reinecke1 , Mikl´os Telek2 from PH distributions and propose two algorithms for reducing the cost associated with generating representation that minimises the cost associated with generating random numbers. In this paper we study

  3. Effective Reverse Conversion in Residue Number System Processors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    propose effective Residue Number System (RNS) to Weighted Number System conversion techniques with k being the num- ber of moduli. First, we introduce an RNS to MRC technique, which ad- dresses in an RNS to MRC with an asymptotic complexity, in terms of arithmetic operations, in the order of O

  4. Modular Arithmetic Implementation with the Residue Number System (RNS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sousa, Leonel

    Modular Arithmetic Implementation with the Residue Number System (RNS) Samuel Antăo and Leonel are the addition/subtraction, multiplication and reduction as well as the conversion of Residue Number System (RNS discussed in the following. 1 RNS Forward/Reverse Conversions Forward conversion corresponds

  5. THEORETICAL CRYPTANALYSIS OF THE KLIMOVSHAMIR NUMBER GENERATOR TF1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    THEORETICAL CRYPTANALYSIS OF THE KLIMOV­SHAMIR NUMBER GENERATOR TF­1 BOAZ TSABAN Abstract generator TF­1 was introduced in [2] and is based on the methods developed in [1] and references therein. This is an iterative pseudorandom number generator. Its internal state consists of 4 words a, b, c, d, of size w bits

  6. Analysis of the Linux Random Number Generator Zvi Gutterman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Analysis of the Linux Random Number Generator Zvi Gutterman Safend and The Hebrew University Abstract Linux is the most popular open source project. The Linux random number generator is part of the kernel of all Linux distributions and is based on generating randomness from entropy of operating system

  7. Jacobi forms over totally real number elds Howard Skogman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogman, Howard

    Jacobi forms over totally real number #12;elds Howard Skogman 0 2000 Mathematics Subject Classi#12;cation: 11F50 1 #12; Abstract We de#12;ne Jacobi forms over a totally real algebraic number #12;eld K upper half space respectively. Then symplectic modular forms are created and Jacobi forms arise

  8. SHIFTED JACOBI POLYNOMIALS AND DELANNOY NUMBERS GABOR HETYEI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jiancheng

    SHIFTED JACOBI POLYNOMIALS AND DELANNOY NUMBERS G´ABOR HETYEI `A la m´emoire de Pierre Leroux Abstract. We express a weigthed generalization of the Delannoy numbers in terms of shifted Jacobi Jacobi polynomials. Another specializa- tion provides a weighted lattice path enumeration model

  9. Jacobi Forms over Imaginary Quadratic Number Fields Howard Skogman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogman, Howard

    Jacobi Forms over Imaginary Quadratic Number Fields Howard Skogman University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA 1 #12; Abstract We de#12;ne Jacobi Forms over an imaginary quadratic number #12;eld K half space respectively. We then create symplectic modular forms and create Jacobi forms by taking

  10. True Random Number Generators Secure in a Changing Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaltiel, Ronen

    , which is applied to the high­entropy source in order to obtain an output string that is shorterTrue Random Number Generators Secure in a Changing Environment Boaz Barak, Ronen Shaltiel, and Eran, ISRAEL Email: {boaz,ronens,tromer}@wisdom.weizmann.ac.il Abstract. A true random number generator (TRNG

  11. Combinatorial Number Theory in China Zhi-Wei Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Zhi-Wei

    Combinatorial Number Theory in China Zhi-Wei Sun Nanjing University Nanjing 210093, P. R. China as number theorists. Zhi-Wei Sun's School: Study covers of the integers or groups, restricted sumsets via Combinatorial Nullstellensatz, and various combinatorial congruences. Remark. Sun and his students view

  12. Convexity in partial cubes: the hull number Marie Albenque1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felsner, Stefan

    that the combinatorial optimization problem of de- termining the hull number of a partial cube is NP-complete. This makesConvexity in partial cubes: the hull number Marie Albenque1 and Kolja Knauer2 1 LIX UMR 7161 partial cubes the minimal graph class for which NP-completeness of this problem is known and improves some

  13. A Nonempirical Test on the Weight of Pseudorandom Number Generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsumoto, Makoto

    . In middle 80's, physicists began to find the failure of these generators in simulations of physical modelsA Nonempirical Test on the Weight of Pseudorandom Number Generators Makoto Matsumoto1 and Takuji introduce a theoretical test, named weight discrepancy test, on pseu- dorandom number generators. This test

  14. REGULAR POLES AND -NUMBERS IN THE THEORY OF HOLOMORPHIC SEMIGROUPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bracci, Filippo

    REGULAR POLES AND -NUMBERS IN THE THEORY OF HOLOMORPHIC SEMIGROUPS FILIPPO BRACCI, MANUEL D. CONTRERAS, AND SANTIAGO D´IAZ-MADRIGAL Abstract. We introduce the notion of regular (boundary) poles- ular poles in terms of -points (i.e. pre-images of values with positive Carleson-Makarov -numbers

  15. Seismological Research Letters Volume 82, Number 2 March/April 2011 227doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.2.227 A second Opinion on "Operational Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .2.227 A second Opinion on "Operational Earthquake forecasting: some Thoughts on Why and How," by Thomas H. Jordan and recommendations of the International Commission on Earthquake Forecasting (ICEF) for operational earthquake forecasting convened by the Italian government following the 6 April 2009 L'Aquila Mw 6.3 earthquake, which

  16. 748 Seismological Research Letters Volume 80, Number 5 September/October 2009 doi: 10.1785/gssrl.80.5.748 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heaton, Thomas H.

    ground motions, automatic emergency actions can be initiated such as slowing down high speed trains or shutting down com- puters or gas distribution, for instance (Goltz 2002). EEW systems are of two main types

  17. 748 Seismological Research Letters Volume 80, Number 5 September/October 2009 doi: 10.1785/gssrl.80.5.748 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Richard M.

    be initiated such as slowing down high speed trains or shutting down com- puters or gas distribution can be issued seconds before the onset of the strong ground motions, automatic emergency actions can

  18. Twin Research and Human Genetics Volume 16 Number 2 pp. 581589 C The Authors 2013 doi:10.1017/thg.2012.150

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helle, Samuli

    , Finland 2 Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Finland 3 Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland 4 Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland 5 Institute for Molecular Medicine FIMM

  19. Seismological Research Letters Volume 80, Number 5 September/October 2009 707doi: 10.1785/gssrl.80.5.707 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Richard M.

    arrive. been no evaluation of it that takes into account both the seis- mological and the social impact responsibility. e survey and the catalog of SAS users were used in the evaluation to measure the social impact Alert System (SAS) in Mexico City: A Seismological and a Social Perspective Gerardo Suárez, David Novelo

  20. 638 Seismological Research Letters Volume 82, Number 5 September/October 2011 doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.5.638 Verifying a computational method for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunham, Eric M.

    structure has been the high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This structure has). The problem of predicting the maximum possible ground motion in the Yucca Mountain region has been studied applied to scenario earthquakes on the faults on and near Yucca Mountain (Andrews etal. 2007

  1. New Paradigm for Baryon and Lepton Number Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavel Fileviez Perez

    2015-08-17

    The possible discovery of proton decay, neutron-antineutron oscillation, neutrinoless beta decay in low energy experiments, and exotic signals related to the violation of the baryon and lepton numbers at collider experiments will change our understanding of the conservation of fundamental symmetries in nature. In this review we discuss the rare processes due to the existence of baryon and lepton number violating interactions. The simplest grand unified theories and the neutrino mass generation mechanisms are discussed. The theories where the baryon and lepton numbers are defined as local gauge symmetries spontaneously broken at the low scale are discussed in detail. The simplest supersymmetric gauge theory which predicts the existence of lepton number violating processes at the low scale is investigated. The main goal of this review is to discuss the main implications of baryon and lepton number violation in physics beyond the Standard Model.

  2. A Proposed Exact Integer Value for Avogadro's Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronald F. Fox; Theodore P. Hill

    2007-04-28

    An exact value for Avodagro's number, namely NA* = (84446888)^3, is proposed. The number 84446888 represents the side length of a cube of atoms whose volume is closest, among all integral side lengths, to the current official NIST value of Avogadro's number. This value NA* is nearly dead center of the estimated range for the value of Avogadro's number, and is within the official standard level of uncertainty. Adoption of this value as the fixed value for NA would eliminate the current time-dependent definition of Avogadro's number, which depends on the definition of kilogram via an unstable physical artifact. It would also eliminate the need for the kilogram artifact altogether, since then, by definition, a kilogram would be exactly 1000/12 the mass of NA* atoms of carbon-12.

  3. Lepton Number Violation and the Baryon Asymmetry of the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harz, Julia; Päs, Heinrich

    2015-01-01

    Neutrinoless double beta decay, lepton number violating collider processes and the Baryon Asymmetry of the Universe (BAU) are intimately related. In particular lepton number violating processes at low energies in combination with sphaleron transitions will typically erase any pre-existing baryon asymmetry of the Universe. In this contribution we briefly review the tight connection between neutrinoless double beta decay, lepton number violating processes at the LHC and constraints from successful baryogenesis. We argue that far-reaching conclusions can be drawn unless the baryon asymmetry is stabilized via some newly introduced mechanism.

  4. Examining A Hypersonic Turbulent Boundary Layer at Low Reynolds Number 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semper, Michael Thomas

    2013-05-15

    The purpose of the current study was to answer several questions related to hypersonic, low Reynolds number, turbulent boundary layers, of which available data related to turbulence quantities is scarce. To that end, a ...

  5. Prediction of Thermoacoustic Instabilities: Numerical Study of Mach number Effects.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicoud, Franck

    Prediction of Thermoacoustic Instabilities: Numerical Study of Mach number Effects. K. Wieczorek equations. I. Introduction In the calculation of thermoacoustic instabilities, an assumption lead to significant changes in the evaluation of the thermo-acoustic modes present in the combustion

  6. Regulation Indentifier Number Title/Subject/Purpose Rule Type

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of a specific rule, please see the Federal Register at https:www.regulations.gov. Regulation Indentifier Number TitleSubjectPurpose Rule Type Status 1991-AB82 Acquisition...

  7. CRUISE REPORT Cruise Number: DY10-04

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of satellite buoy (SatBuoy) 1 Transect (Trans) 3 Samples Collected Tows Number misc species in EtOH (AMGEN) 17 of buoy or mooring (Deploy) 1 1 Stimulated fluorescence collected during CTD casts (Fluor) 12 Any other

  8. To ASME Journal of Mechanical Design Manuscript Number 20302

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wei

    To ASME Journal of Mechanical Design Revision Manuscript Number 20302 Sequential Optimization and Reliability Assessment Method for Efficient Probabilistic Design Xiaoping Du, Assistant Professor Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics University of Missouri ­ Rolla Rolla, Missouri

  9. Computing the stability number of a graph via semidefinite and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-04-27

    then the vertices of G can be numbered so that E(G8) ? E(G ). Thus G8 is the smallest graph G such that ?(1)(G) > ?(G) = 3. We can extend the above reasoning ...

  10. Copositivity cuts for improving SDP bounds on the clique number ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-11-13

    ?(1)(G8) = 3.04328 while cutting with K4-free graphs trivially delivers the exact clique number since G8 itself is K4-free. See Subsection 6.1 below for.

  11. NUMBER: BUSF 1.08 SECTION: Business and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    NUMBER: BUSF 1.08 SECTION: Business and Finance SUBJECT: Relocation Expenses DATE: November 1, 2006 can claim reimbursement for your actual expenses such as gas and oil or the standard mileage rate (for

  12. MUS 122: Survey of Jazz Number of Credits 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MUS 122: Survey of Jazz Number of Credits 3 Instructor Peter Epstein Catalog Description'" (1959) Bessie Smith, "Back Water Blues" (1927) [Count Basie, "One O'Clock Jump" (1937)] Reading: New

  13. Investment dynamics and the timeliness properties of accounting numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadakis, George, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the properties of accounting numbers using a real investment framework that predicts asymmetric timeliness of both investment and its outcomes (i.e. sales, earnings and operating cash flows) even in the ...

  14. A SHARPER ESTIMATE ON THE BETTI NUMBERS OF SETS ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-10-31

    Oct 31, 2006 ... this paper also apply to the ordinary Betti numbers. (The use of Z2 coefficients is necessitated by our use of Smith inequalities in the proof of the ...

  15. A Taxonomy of Number Entry Error Sarah Wiseman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Paul

    an incorrect number is entered when programming a medical infusion pump or when entering financial information. If a medic programs an infusion pump incorrectly the patient may suffer ill consequences or even die

  16. Particle number density fluctuations and pressure effects on structure formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. R. Matravers; J. Triginer

    2001-09-21

    We provide a covariant and gauge-invariant approach to the question of how a first order pressure can be incorporated self-consistently in a cosmological scenario. The approximation is relevant, in the linear regime, to weakly self-interacting or warm dark matter models. We also derive number density fluctuations in which new modes appear because the number density fluctuations are no longer simply proportional to the density fluctuations.

  17. Exploration of photon-number entangled states using weak nonlinearities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yingqiu He; Dong Ding; Fengli Yan; Ting Gao

    2015-04-03

    A method for exploring photon-number entangled states with weak nonlinearities is described. We show that it is possible to create and detect such entanglement at various scales, ranging from microscopic to macroscopic systems. In the present architecture, we suggest that the maximal phase shift induced in the process of interaction between photons is proportional to photon numbers. Also, in the absence of decoherence we analyze maximum error probability and show its feasibility with current technology.

  18. A Conjecture about the Density of Prime Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. A. Amarante Ribeiro

    2008-03-04

    We present in this work a heuristic expression for the density of prime numbers. Our expression leads to results which possesses approximately the same precision of the Riemann's function in the domain that goes from 2 to 1010 at least. Instead of using a constant as was done by Legendre and others in the formula of Gauss, we try to adjust the data through a function. This function has the remarkable property: its points of discontinuity are the prime numbers.

  19. Nearest neighbor spacing distribution of prime numbers and quantum chaos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Wolf

    2014-01-07

    We give heuristic arguments and computer results to support the hypothesis that, after appropriate rescaling, the statistics of spacings between adjacent prime numbers follows the Poisson distribution. The scaling transformation removes the oscillations in the NNSD of primes. These oscillations have the very profound period of length six. We also calculate the spectral rigidity $\\Delta_3$ for prime numbers by two methods. After suitable averaging one of these methods gives the Poisson dependence $\\Delta_3(L)=L/15$.

  20. Nucleon semimagic numbers and low-energy neutron scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Zaikin; I. V. Surkova

    2010-04-09

    It is shown that experimental values of the cross sections of inelastic low-energy neutron scattering on even-even nuclei together with the description of these cross sections in the framework of the coupled channel optical model may be considered as a reliable method for finding nuclei with a semimagic number (or numbers) of nucleons. Some examples of the application of this method are considered.

  1. On Measurements, Numbers and p-Adic Mathematical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Branko Dragovich

    2012-05-23

    In this short paper I consider relation between measurements, numbers and p-adic mathematical physics. p-Adic numbers are not result of measurements, but nevertheless they play significant role in description of some systems and phenomena. We illustrate their ability for applications referring to some sectors of p-adic mathematical physics and related topics, in particular, to string theory and the genetic code.

  2. Winding number order in the Haldane model with interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emilio Alba; Jiannis Pachos; Juan Jose Garcia-Ripoll

    2015-05-02

    We study the Haldane model with nearest-neighbor interactions. This model is physically motivated by the associated ultracold atoms implementation. We show that the topological phase of the interacting model can be characterized by a physically observable winding number. The robustness of this number extends well beyond the topological insulator phase towards attractive and repulsive interactions that are comparable to the kinetic energy scale of the model. We identify and characterize the relevant phases of the model.

  3. CRUISE REPORT Cruise Number: SU-9503 Leg-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CRUISE REPORT Cruise Number: SU-9503 Leg-1 FOCI Number: FOCI NOAA Ship: SURVEYOR Area of Operations 166° 03.1' W Line XIV, Station 86 0927 CTD011 11 182 54° 48.4' N '". 165° 51.3' W Line XIV, Station 0803 CTD018 18 5579 51° 01.1' N 173° 32.7' W Line Station 2 1133 CTD019 19 4741 51° 13.9' N 173° 31

  4. International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials V olume 20, Number 10, October 2013, Page 941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volinsky, Alex A.

    routes have been employed to remove oil from industrial solid wastes, including landfill, incineration, Page 941 DOI: 10.1007/s12613-013-0818-0 Recycle of valuable products from oily cold rolling mill sludge + hydrogen reduction" were employed for the recycle of oily cold rolling mill sludge. First, the sludge

  5. INTEGERS: ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF COMBINATORIAL NUMBER THEORY 7 (2007), #A56 MIXED SUMS OF SQUARES AND TRIANGULAR NUMBERS (II)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Zhi-Wei

    2007-01-01

    AND TRIANGULAR NUMBERS (II) Song Guo Department of Mathematics, Huaiyin Teachers College, Huaian 223001, P. R 200240, P. R. China haopan79@yahoo.com.cn Zhi-Wei Sun1 Department of Mathematics, Nanjing University

  6. PCF extended with real numbers: a domain-theoretic approach to higher-order exact real number computation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escardó, Martín H

    We develop a theory of higher-order exact real number computation based on Scott domain theory. Our main object of investigation is a higher-order functional programming language, Real PCF, which is an extension of PCF ...

  7. LETTER doi:10.1038/nature09407 Global metabolic impacts of recent climate warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huey, Raymond B.

    LETTER doi:10.1038/nature09407 Global metabolic impacts of recent climate warming Michael E. Dillon and projected climate warming2,13,14 . Global warming is probably having profound and diverse effects phenology3,4 , community interactions5 , genetics3,6 and extinctions7 have been attributed to recent global

  8. Math Geosci DOI 10.1007/s11004-013-9473-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    properties, which is the central theme in petrophysical characterization of reservoir rocks (Archie 1950. 2011) reported the use of multiple Thomeer's hyperbolas to characterize complex carbonate rock pore sysMath Geosci DOI 10.1007/s11004-013-9473-2 Pore System Characterization and Petrophysical Rock

  9. Solar Phys (2007) 243: 171191 DOI 10.1007/s11207-007-0450-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priest, Eric

    2007-01-01

    flux, eventually annihilating it 2 ­ 3 years after solar maximum, and continues to build upSolar Phys (2007) 243: 171­191 DOI 10.1007/s11207-007-0450-0 Topological Aspects of Global Magnetic Field Reversal in the Solar Corona R.C. Maclean · E.R. Priest Received: 20 March 2007 / Accepted: 6 June

  10. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200701956 Geometric Considerations of Micro-to Nanoscale Elastomeric Post

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Christopher S.

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200701956 Geometric Considerations of Micro- to Nanoscale Elastomeric Post Arrays cultured on this substrate deflect underlying posts as they contract. Trac- tion forces could be calculated from these post deflections using a simple force-displacement relationship for pure bend- ing

  11. NISTIR 8056 http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.8056

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary of Activities for Fiscal Year 2014 #12;#12;NISTIR 8056 Applied and Computational Mathematics Division Summary of Activities for Fiscal Year 2014 Ronald F. Boisvert, Editor Applied and Computational Mathematics Division Information Technology Laboratory http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.8056 April 2015 U

  12. Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s101070000137 Math. Program., Ser. A 88: 6183 (2000)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Renato

    2000-01-01

    Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s101070000137 Math. Program., Ser. A 88: 61­83 (2000.ac.jp This research is supported in part by the Grant-in-Aid for Encouragement of Young Scientists (A) 09780417 (1997) of the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan. Mathematics Subject Classification (1991): 65K05, 90C

  13. Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s002090100408 Math. Z. 241, 101125 (2002)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergeron, Nicolas

    2002-01-01

    Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s002090100408 Math. Z. 241, 101­125 (2002) Asymptotique de in certain locally symmetric spaces. Mathematics Subject Classification (2000):53C22, 57R19 Introduction Soit vari´et´e ambiante `a l'aide de la seminorme ||.||(2). Dans l'esprit des th´eor`e- mes de Yeung et L

  14. DOI 10.1007/s10032-006-0020-2 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blostein, Dorothea

    classification is an impor- tant step in Office Automation, Digital Libraries, and other document image analysisIJDAR DOI 10.1007/s10032-006-0020-2 ORIGINAL ARTICLE A survey of document image classification and classification algorithms. We survey this diverse literature using three components: the prob- lem statement

  15. Journal of Classification 27 (2010) DOI: 10.1007/s00357-010--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wand, Matt

    2010-01-01

    on digitized images and financial credit approval based on applicant attributes. Classification has an enormousJournal of Classification 27 (2010) DOI: 10.1007/s00357-010- - Parsimonious Classification Via a classification algorithm based on generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) technology. The algorithm incorporates

  16. Space Sci Rev (2010) 153: 485510 DOI 10.1007/s11214-010-9646-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    2010-01-01

    Space Sci Rev (2010) 153: 485­510 DOI 10.1007/s11214-010-9646-y Subsurface Water Oceans on Icy. The existence of potentially habitable liquid water reservoirs on icy satellites is dependent on the radiogenic heating of the rock compo- nent, additional contributions such as the dissipation of tidal energy

  17. DOI: 10.1002/cphc.200800703 How Does a Membrane Protein Achieve a Vectorial Proton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerwert, Klaus

    DOI: 10.1002/cphc.200800703 How Does a Membrane Protein Achieve a Vectorial Proton Transfer Via Water Molecules? Steffen Wolf, Erik Freier, and Klaus Gerwert*[a] Introduction How protons migrate Grotthuss[1] proposed the transfer along water molecule chains and Eigen[2] identified fast proton

  18. Appl Phys B (2009) 95: 813824 DOI 10.1007/s00340-008-3306-x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    infrared QEPAS based ethylene sensor S. Schilt · A.A. Kosterev · F.K. Tittel Received: 29 October 2008Appl Phys B (2009) 95: 813­824 DOI 10.1007/s00340-008-3306-x Performance evaluation of a near / Published online: 2 December 2008 © Springer-Verlag 2008 Abstract A sensor based on quartz

  19. DOI 10.1007/s11207-010-9614-4 Radio Emission from Masuda Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -ray and radio observations can allow unambiguous distinction between the competing Masuda source models top source is considered as non-thermal HXR emission of high energy particles (see, e.g., AlexanderSolar Phys DOI 10.1007/s11207-010-9614-4 Radio Emission from Masuda Sources S.-H. Park · G

  20. Risk Analysis DOI: 10.1111/risa.12085 Quantifying the Hurricane Catastrophe Risk to Offshore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaramillo, Paulina

    to generate 20% of its electricity from wind. Developers are actively planning offshore wind farms along the URisk Analysis DOI: 10.1111/risa.12085 Quantifying the Hurricane Catastrophe Risk to Offshore Wind of Energy has estimated that over 50 GW of offshore wind power will be required for the United States

  1. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 31 JULY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1211 Carbon emission from hydroelectric reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cole, Jonathan J.

    LETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 31 JULY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1211 Carbon emission from hydroelectric * Hydroelectric reservoirs cover an area of 3.4 × 105 km2 and comprise about 20% of all reservoirs. In addition dioxide and methane from hydroelectric reservoirs, on the basis of data from 85 globally distributed

  2. Geophysical Journal International Geophys. J. Int. (2013) doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt425

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nore, Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Geophysical Journal International Geophys. J. Int. (2013) doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt425 GJIGeomagnetismInstitute of Geophysics, ETH Zurich, Zurich 8092, Switzerland. E-mail: ajackson@ethz.ch 2Institute of Geophysics, University of G¨ottingen, D-37077 G¨ottingen, Germany 3Solar Physics, Hansen Experimental Physics

  3. Sustainability 2012, 4, 141-153; doi:10.3390/su4010141 sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Psarrakos, Panayiotis

    Sustainability 2012, 4, 141-153; doi:10.3390/su4010141 sustainability ISSN 2071-1050 www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability Article Sustainable and Integrated Development--A Critical Analysis Christopher J. Koroneos * and Dimitri "Sustainable Development" are frequently used by very lightly, to the extent that they have lost their meaning

  4. Sustainability 2010, 2, 2686-2706; doi:10.3390/su2082686 sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Sustainability 2010, 2, 2686-2706; doi:10.3390/su2082686 sustainability ISSN 2071-1050 www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability-Mail: meetingchallenges@prodigy.net 6 University of Minnesota Regional Sustainable Development Partnerships, 411 Borlaug leaders in making strategic decisions that would make their communities sustainable; second, to identify

  5. J Supercomput (2008) 43: 105106 DOI 10.1007/s11227-007-0127-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Minyi

    2008-01-01

    in the broad area of high performance computing. These pa- pers have been selected as extended and revised for supporting high performance computing in Java. They evaluated their library using a multi-grid applicationJ Supercomput (2008) 43: 105­106 DOI 10.1007/s11227-007-0127-3 Advances in high performance

  6. Int J Soc Robot DOI 10.1007/s12369-013-0189-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mataric, Maja J.

    of feature repre- sentations for analyzing human spatial behavior (proxemics) motivated by metrics usedInt J Soc Robot DOI 10.1007/s12369-013-0189-8 Automated Proxemic Feature Extraction and Behavior Recognition: Applications in Human-Robot Interaction Ross Mead · Amin Atrash · Maja J. Matari´c Accepted: 2

  7. Water Resour Manage DOI 10.1007/s11269-010-9598-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    excess sediment, nutrient, and bacteria. The sources of the pollutants are improperly managed cropland. Several best management practices (BMPs) have been proposed for pollution reduction and watershed protecWater Resour Manage DOI 10.1007/s11269-010-9598-8 Simulation of Agricultural Management

  8. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200801764 Low-Temperature Deterministic Growth of Ge Nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Moon-Ho

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200801764 Low-Temperature Deterministic Growth of Ge Nanowires Using Cu Solid-dimensional crystal growth essentially exploits the highly asymmetric growth kinetics in the radial and axial and the subsequent one-dimensional crystal growth.[1­3] One of the earliest and prevailing examples of such one

  9. Polymer International Polym Int 55:292298 (2006) DOI: 10.1002/pi.1951

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Siqun

    2006-01-01

    Polymer International Polym Int 55:292­298 (2006) DOI: 10.1002/pi.1951 Crystallization behaviour of cellulose acetate butylate/poly(butylene succinate)-co-(butylene carbonate) blends Seung-Hwan Lee and Siqun(butylene succinate)-co-(butylene carbonate) (PBS-co-BC) and its blends with cellulose acetate butylate (CAB) (10

  10. ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature11543 A physical, genetic and functional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lonardi, Stefano

    recently been classified as a true functional food. Barley grain is particularly high in soluble dietaryARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature11543 A physical, genetic and functional sequence assembly of the barley of 5.1 gigabases (Gb). Here we present an integrated and ordered physical, genetic and functional

  11. DOI: 10.1002/celc.201402124 Biotemplated Palladium Catalysts Can Be Stabilized on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DOI: 10.1002/celc.201402124 Biotemplated Palladium Catalysts Can Be Stabilized on Different Support as a biotemplate to form a nanoporous catalytic palladium structure that was directly at- tached to an electrode templating materials . The biotemplated palladium structure had a higher catalytic activity than

  12. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 13 NOVEMBER 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NMAT3168 Magnetoelastic metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 13 NOVEMBER 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NMAT3168 Magnetoelastic metamaterials electromagnetic materials, known as metamaterials, provides a link from material sci- ence to theoretical negative refraction1,2 , the concept of metamaterials quickly covered a much broader range of applications

  13. Sensors 2011, 11, 1229-1242; doi:10.3390/s110101229 OPEN ACCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halgamuge, Malka N.

    Sensors 2011, 11, 1229-1242; doi:10.3390/s110101229 OPEN ACCESS sensors ISSN 1424-8220 www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors Article Intelligent Sensing in Dynamic Environments Using Markov Decision Process Thrishantha Nanayakkara January 2011 Abstract: In a network of low-powered wireless sensors, it is essential to capture as many

  14. Sensors 2011, 11, 10220-10265; doi:10.3390/s111110220 ISSN 1424-8220

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Zygmunt J.

    Sensors 2011, 11, 10220-10265; doi:10.3390/s111110220 sensors ISSN 1424-8220 www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors October 2011 Abstract: In order to perform sensing tasks, most current Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) rely on expensive sensors, which offer only limited functionality. A more recent trend consists

  15. DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201000006 The Role of Surface Oxides in NOx Storage Reduction Catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201000006 The Role of Surface Oxides in NOx Storage Reduction Catalysts Jelena which a reductant is injected into the exhaust stream and reacts with the stored NOx, possi- bly catalyst is that the catalyst must be active for both NO oxidation and NOx reduction. In recent years

  16. Industrial and Corporate Change, pp. 128 doi:10.1093/icc/dtu012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balland, Pierre-Alexandre

    Industrial and Corporate Change, pp. 1­28 doi:10.1093/icc/dtu012 Relatedness and technological of Associazione ICC. All rights reserved. Industrial and Corporate Change Advance Access published May 9, 2014 at that the existing set of capabilities in a country determines which new industries will be feasible, and most likely

  17. LETTER doi:10.1038/nature14288 Reducing the energy cost of human walking using an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Steven H.

    LETTER doi:10.1038/nature14288 Reducing the energy cost of human walking using an unpowered or electrical energy and deli- versno net positive mechanical work, yet reduces the metabolic cost of walking that minimize energy cost. Nearly any change to the human musculoskeletal system or its pattern of coordination

  18. DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201300401 New Insights into the Oxidative Coupling of Methane from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senkan, Selim M.

    DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201300401 New Insights into the Oxidative Coupling of Methane from Spatially coupling of methane (OCM) is a high-temperature process involving the transformation of methane into ethane oxidation of methane to produce CO and H2 in a Pt- and Rh-coated a-Al2O3 foam.[11­13] Experiments were

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.00965.x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Bryan D.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.00965.x TEMPORAL VARIATION AT THE MHC CLASS IIB, temporal variation in selection pressure has rarely been examined. We examine temporal variation in MHC to the change in the proportion of individuals infected by a common parasite, indicating a link between genetic

  20. DOI: 10.1002/adem.201100211 Atomistic Simulation of the Explosion Welding Process**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordlund, Kai

    DOI: 10.1002/adem.201100211 Atomistic Simulation of the Explosion Welding Process** By Ossi Saresoja, Antti Kuronen* and Kai Nordlund Explosive welding (EXW) is an industrial process used to join. In the process, welding occurs in a high velocity collision between metal plates, achieved by using chemical

  1. Algorithmica DOI 10.1007/s00453-013-9797-9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suri, Subhash

    form. We transform the d-dimensional problem into one of maintaining its (d - 1)-dimensional cross-section of solving the cross-section problem directly in (d - 1)-space, we exploit the grounding propertyAlgorithmica DOI 10.1007/s00453-013-9797-9 Computing Klee's Measure of Grounded Boxes Hakan Yildiz

  2. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1849-1868; doi:10.3390/su2071849 sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Sustainability 2010, 2, 1849-1868; doi:10.3390/su2071849 sustainability ISSN 2071-1050 www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability consumerism. This contribution explores the possibilities and limits of consumer involvement in sustainable to be rather more efficient. Keywords: political consumerism; sustainability; consumption 1. Introduction Since

  3. Solar Phys (2009) 256: 269284 DOI 10.1007/s11207-009-9339-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    Solar Phys (2009) 256: 269­284 DOI 10.1007/s11207-009-9339-4 STEREO SCIENCE RESULTS AT SOLAR MINIMUM Solar ­ Terrestrial Simulation in the STEREO Era: The 24 ­ 25 January 2007 Eruptions N. Lugaz · A and with the structured solar wind. We make a de- tailed comparison between the observations and synthetic images from our

  4. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering (DOI 10.1007/s10518-013-9495-7)

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    Rau-Chaplin, Andrew

    Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering (DOI 10.1007/s10518-013-9495-7) Developing and Testing the Automated Post-Event Earthquake Loss Estimation and Visualisation (APE-ELEV) Technique Anthony Astoul source relying and globally applicable earthquake loss model and visualiser is desirable for post

  5. Bull Earthquake Eng DOI 10.1007/s10518-009-9147-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Bull Earthquake Eng DOI 10.1007/s10518-009-9147-0 ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER The seismic future occurred during a time that is short compared to the return time of damaging earthquakes. In the next century, therefore, earthquakes that had little impact on villages and towns, will be shaking urban

  6. Space Sci Rev (2008) 136: 227239 DOI 10.1007/s11214-007-9174-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    2008-01-01

    Space Sci Rev (2008) 136: 227­239 DOI 10.1007/s11214-007-9174-6 The IMPACT Solar Wind Electron. 2007 Abstract SWEA, the solar wind electron analyzers that are part of the IMPACT in situ in of the interplanetary electron populations at the two STEREO spacecraft locations. Keywords Solar wind · CME · Electrons

  7. Space Sci Rev (2008) 136: 241255 DOI 10.1007/s11214-008-9330-7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    2008-01-01

    investigation on the Wind spacecraft (Lin et al. 1995) and the SWEA (Solar Wind Electron Analyzer) detectorSpace Sci Rev (2008) 136: 241­255 DOI 10.1007/s11214-008-9330-7 The STEREO IMPACT Suprathermal The Suprathermal Electron (STE) instrument, part of the IMPACT investigation on both spacecraft of NASA's STEREO

  8. REVIEW ARTICLE PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2 JUNE 2015 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS3347

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    REVIEW ARTICLE PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2 JUNE 2015 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS3347 Magnon spintronics A. V. Chumak*, V. I. Vasyuchka, A. A. Serga and B. Hillebrands Magnon spintronics is the field of spintronics with the flip of a single spin. The usage of magnonic approaches in the field of spintronics, hitherto dealing

  9. REVIEW ARTICLES PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2 APRIL 2015 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS3242

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    REVIEW ARTICLES PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2 APRIL 2015 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS3242 Superconducting spintronics Jacob Linder1 * and Jason W. A. Robinson2 * Traditional studies that combine spintronics on identifying materials combinations that merge superconductivity and spintronics to enhance device

  10. Risk and Decision Analysis 1 (2009) 2133 21 DOI 10.3233/RDA-2008-0002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kantarcioglu, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Risk and Decision Analysis 1 (2009) 21­33 21 DOI 10.3233/RDA-2008-0002 IOS Press A risk management consists of two main components as risk as- sessment (analysis) and risk control, where the former are still prone to illegitimate access attempts: in RBAC, users potentially carry the risk of illegal access

  11. Risk Analysis, Vol. , No. , DOI: Mean-Deviation Analysis in The Theory of Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Risk Analysis, Vol. , No. , DOI: Mean-Deviation Analysis in The Theory of Choice Bogdan Grechuk: mean-deviation analysis, theory of choice, deviation measures, coherent risk measures 1. INTRODUCTION for Risk Analysis #12;2 B. Grechuk, A. Molyboha, M. Zabarankin r.v. PC such that PC > PB with probability 1

  12. Risk Analysis DOI: 10.1111/risa.12203 Public Support for Policies to Reduce Risk After

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broccoli, Anthony J.

    Risk Analysis DOI: 10.1111/risa.12203 Public Support for Policies to Reduce Risk After Hurricane-circulation newspaper in New Jersey, James 1 0272-4332/14/0100-0001$22.00/1 C 2014 Society for Risk Analysis #12

  13. Water 2010, 2, 381-410; doi:10.3390/w2030381 ISSN 2073-4441

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podgornik, Rudolf

    Water 2010, 2, 381-410; doi:10.3390/w2030381 water ISSN 2073-4441 www.mdpi.com/journal/water Review Can a Century Old Experiment Reveal Hidden Properties of Water? Elmar C. Fuchs Wetsus--Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands; E-Mail: elmar.fuchs@wetsus.nl; Tel

  14. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 6 OCTOBER 2013 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2766 Spintronic magnetic anisotropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES PUBLISHED ONLINE: 6 OCTOBER 2013 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2766 Spintronic magnetic anisotropy to ferromagnets, a quadrupolar spintronic exchange field is generated locally. It is observable by means. Analogously to the spintronic dipolar exchange field, giving rise to a local spin torque, the effect

  15. Nanotechnology Nanotechnology 25 (2014) 155303 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/15/155303

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ihee, Hyotcherl

    2014-01-01

    Nanotechnology Nanotechnology 25 (2014) 155303 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/15/155303 Anti-4484/14/155303+07$33.00 1 c 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK #12;Nanotechnology 25 (2014) 155303 J Kim et al we

  16. Space Sci Rev (2008) 136: 487528 DOI 10.1007/s11214-007-9298-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    2008-01-01

    Space Sci Rev (2008) 136: 487­528 DOI 10.1007/s11214-007-9298-8 S/WAVES: The Radio and Plasma Wave introduces and describes the radio and plasma wave investigation on the STEREO Mission: STEREO/WAVES or S/WAVES include: (i) remote observation and measurement of radio waves excited by energetic particles throughout

  17. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 1427-1446; doi:10.3390/rs3071427 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeton, William S.

    carbon dioxide and potentially complex interactions with other anthropogenic stressors [4,5] requireRemote Sens. 2011, 3, 1427-1446; doi:10.3390/rs3071427 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing Article Evaluating the Remote Sensing and Inventory-Based Estimation of Biomass in the Western Carpathians

  18. MetalOrganic Frameworks Hot Paper DOI: 10.1002/anie.201404265

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paik Suh, Myunghyun

    of their various potential applica- tions such as hydrogen storage,[1] carbon dioxide capture,[2] gas separation,[3Metal­Organic Frameworks Hot Paper DOI: 10.1002/anie.201404265 Hydrogen Storage in a Potassium) for hydrogen storage, SNU-200 incorporating a 18-crown-6 ether moiety as a specific binding site for selected

  19. Computational and Systems Biology DOI: 10.1039/b921381n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    Computational and Systems Biology DOI: 10.1039/b921381n Over the last few decades, we have all in this themed issue of Molecular BioSystems entitled ``Computational and Systems Biology''. The excitement contains papers that use contemporary computational and systems approaches that involve analysis

  20. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200600489 Accurate Measurement and Characterization of Organic Solar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    source for clean and renewable energy.[1­6] Organic solar cells are divided into two main categories, Dr. G. Li, Y. Yao Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of California, LosDOI: 10.1002/adfm.200600489 Accurate Measurement and Characterization of Organic Solar Cells

  1. Energy Syst (2011) 2: 83111 DOI 10.1007/s12667-011-0027-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    2011-01-01

    , what went wrong, the second stage of reform and the move to- wards energy supply auctions, energyEnergy Syst (2011) 2: 83­111 DOI 10.1007/s12667-011-0027-8 ORIGINAL PAPER Latin America: market mechanisms and supply adequacy in power sector reforms T.J. Hammons · L.A. Barroso · H. Rudnick Received: 16

  2. EPJ Web of Conferences 79, 01008 (2014) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20147901008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blasone, Massimo

    2014-01-01

    EPJ Web of Conferences 79, 01008 (2014) DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20147901008 C Owned by the authors;EPJ Web of Conferences p(t) h(t) q(t) S Figure 1. Schematic representation of the "leaking bucket

  3. Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells DOI: 10.1002/anie.201104786

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells DOI: 10.1002/anie.201104786 Low-Cost Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Counter, and Zhiqun Lin* Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are among the most promising photovoltaic devices for low-cost Electrodes for High- Efficiency Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells** Xukai Xin, Ming He, Wei Han, Jaehan Jung

  4. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200702781 Aerogel Templated ZnO Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200702781 Aerogel Templated ZnO Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells** By Thomas W. Hamann, Alex B. F. Martinson, Jeffrey W. Elam, Michael J. Pellin, and Joseph T. Hupp* Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) based on nanocrystalline TiO2 have exhibited solar energy-conversion efficiencies of over

  5. DOI 10.1007/s11548-009-0381-3 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Int J CARS DOI 10.1007/s11548-009-0381-3 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Hybrid 3D pregnant woman and fetus Bloch Received: 11 January 2009 / Accepted: 8 June 2009 © CARS 2009 Abstract Purpose Numerical insta- bilities during dose propagation simulations. They also need 123 #12;Int J CARS to be realistic

  6. LETTER doi:10.1038/nature13275 Uplift and seismicity driven by groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blewitt, Geoffrey

    LETTER doi:10.1038/nature13275 Uplift and seismicity driven by groundwater depletion in central of rock uplift of up to 1­3 mm per year surrounds the southern San Joaquin Valley andpeaksduringthedrylatesummerandautumn,outofphasewith uplift of the valley floor during wetter months. Our results suggest that long

  7. doi:10.1038/nature04507 Uplift, Thermal Unrest, and Magma Intrusion at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    doi:10.1038/nature04507 1 Uplift, Thermal Unrest, and Magma Intrusion at Yellowstone Caldera the last eruption, Yellowstone has remained restless, with high seismicity, continuing uplift infer that the observed pattern of uplift and subsidence results from variations in the movement

  8. DOI: 10.1002/asia.200800427 Chemical Modification of Proteins at Cysteine: Opportunities in Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Ben G.

    ;Abstract: Chemical modification of proteins is a rapidly expanding area in chemical biology. SelectiveDOI: 10.1002/asia.200800427 Chemical Modification of Proteins at Cysteine: Opportunities and macromolecular func- tion. In other cases such chemical alterations have changed the protein function entirely

  9. Energy and Work Citation: The Physics Teacher 42, 260 (2004); doi: 10.1119/1.1737951

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Art

    2004-01-01

    Energy and Work Art Hobson Citation: The Physics Teacher 42, 260 (2004); doi: 10 Lettersto the Editor Energy and Work Energy is one of the most perva- sive and useful concepts in physics energy undefined. It is not difficult to define energy. It's the ability to do work. Quantita- tively

  10. DOI: 10.1002/cbic.200500261 Direct Conversion of Ethane to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Frances H.

    DOI: 10.1002/cbic.200500261 Direct Conversion of Ethane to Ethanol by Engineered Cytochrome P450 BM] selective conversion of ethane and methane mainly to their correspond- ing alcohols has yet to be demonstrated.[2] For example, limit- ed (i.e.ethane oxidation is sup- ported

  11. DOI: 10.1002/celc.201402182 Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide on Cu/CuO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    DOI: 10.1002/celc.201402182 Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide on Cu/CuO Core/Shell Catalysts Yangchun Lan,[a, b] Chao Gai,[c] Paul J. A. Kenis,*[b] and Jiaxing Lu*[a] 1. Introduction Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most notorious greenhouse gas, which is released by both natural and artificial

  12. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erf069 The hydraulic conductance of the angiosperm leaf lamina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holbrook, N. Michele

    , high- pressure method, hydraulic conductance, leaves, vacuum pump method. Introduction As liquid movesDOI: 10.1093/jxb/erf069 The hydraulic conductance of the angiosperm leaf lamina: a comparison the leaf lamina hydraulic conductance (Klamina) for detached mature leaves of six woody temperate

  13. Auton Robot (2006) 20:113123 DOI 10.1007/s10514-006-5943-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huntsberger, Terry

    2006-01-01

    Auton Robot (2006) 20:113­123 DOI 10.1007/s10514-006-5943-4 Sustainable cooperative robotic such as computation, power, communi- cation, and sensing. A behavior-based architecture provides adaptability The current NASA vision for space exploration calls for sustained human and robotic presence in the solar

  14. DOI: 10.1126/science.1150690 , 1651 (2008);319Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glotch, Timothy D.

    2008-01-01

    differences across mountain chains [e.g., (2, 23)]. Another assumption that bears further examinationDOI: 10.1126/science.1150690 , 1651 (2008);319Science , et al.M. M. Osterloo Chloride-Bearing-high mountain chains on Titan (22) and that a pressure field can exert a torque on the surface via pressure

  15. Theor. Comput. Fluid Dyn. DOI 10.1007/s00162-013-0302-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Subrata

    Theor. Comput. Fluid Dyn. DOI 10.1007/s00162-013-0302-5 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Mark Riherd · Subrata Roy The process of a flow's transition to turbulence has long been a topic of study in fluid mechanics operation, along with the associated benefits of reduced fuel consumption. Stabilization or destabilization

  16. Food Biophysics (2011) 6:186198 DOI 10.1007/s11483-010-9198-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franzese, Giancarlo

    2011-01-01

    Food Biophysics (2011) 6:186­198 DOI 10.1007/s11483-010-9198-4 SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Water Abstract Water is essential for the activity of proteins. However, the effect of the properties of water the rela- tion between the dynamics of the hydration water and the dynamics of protein. These works have

  17. LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11718 Evaporative cooling of the dipolar hydroxyl radical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11718 Evaporative cooling of the dipolar hydroxyl radical Benjamin K cooling of neutral hydroxyl (OH. ) molecules loaded from a Stark-decelerated beam into an extremely high challenged it23­25 . Hydroxyl (OH. , referred to here as OH) would not, at first glance, seem

  18. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200601787 Microsolidics: Fabrication of Three-Dimensional Metallic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Mara

    in flexible sensors and displays has fueled the development of polymer­metal composites. Re- searchDOI: 10.1002/adma.200601787 Microsolidics: Fabrication of Three-Dimensional Metallic. Whitesides* This Communication describes a method of fabricating complex metallic microstructures in 3D

  19. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 31 JULY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2053 A Josephson quantum electron pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    LETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 31 JULY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2053 A Josephson quantum electron pump Governale2 and Lucia Sorba1 Mesoscopic charge pumping, a transport mechanism that relies on the explicit ago1­4 . So far, nanoscale pumps have been realized only in systems exhibiting strong Coulombic

  20. PUBLISHED ONLINE: XX MONTH XXXX | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2361 Accelerated microbial turnover but constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allison, Steven D.

    , as warming limits microbial growth41 by increasing the energy cost of maintaining existing biomass8 .42LETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: XX MONTH XXXX | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2361 Accelerated microbial turnover understood, including how temperature a ects microbial4 enzyme kinetics, growth e ciency (MGE), and turnover4