Sample records for nuclear physics infn

  1. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 360 (1995) 189-192 INSTRUMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramello, Luciano

    ELSEVIER Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 360 (1995) 189-192 NUCLEARFaculty ofPhysics and Nuclear Techniques Academy ofMining and Metallurgy, Cracow, Poland h INFN, Torino INSTRUMENTS 8 METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SectIonA A fast, high-granularity silicon multiplicity detector

  2. Nuclear Physics A549 (1992) 439-460 North-Holland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lagaris, Isaac

    Nuclear Physics A549 (1992) 439-460 North-Holland odel calculations of doubly closed shell nuclei PHYSICS R In recent years much progress has been made in the development of the non- relativistic nuclear theory (1) A. Fabrocini Department ofPhysics, University of Pisa and INFN, Sezione di Pisa, I-56100 Pisa

  3. Nuclear Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  4. ARTICLE IN PRESS Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 587 (2008) 4651

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, Sujoy

    ARTICLE IN PRESS Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 587 (2008) 46­51 Discovery. Visnjica , R. Vondrasekq , A. Yushkovl a Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 INFN and Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, University of Pavia, Pavia 27100, Italy k School

  5. Nuclear Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Underground Research Facility in South Dakota, which will search for neutrinoless double-beta decay. Strong Los Alamos programs in nuclear data and nuclear theory supports...

  6. Whither Nuclear Physics ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Syed Afsar Abbas

    2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear Physics has had its ups and downs. However in recent years, bucked up by some new and often puzzling data, it has become a potentially very rich field. We review some of these exciting developments in a few important sectors of nuclear physics. Emphasis shall be on the study of exotic nuclei and the new physics that these nuclei are teaching us.

  7. Nuclear Physics from QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. van Kolck

    2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Effective field theories provide a bridge between QCD and nuclear physics. I discuss light nuclei from this perspective, emphasizing the role of fine-tuning.

  8. Nuclear physics and cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coc, Alain [Centre de Sciences Nuclťaires et de Sciences de la MatiŤre (CSNSM), CNRS/IN2P3, Universitť Paris Sud 11, UMR 8609, B‚timent 104, F-91405 Orsay Campus (France)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    There are important aspects of Cosmology, the scientific study of the large scale properties of the universe as a whole, for which nuclear physics can provide insights. Here, we will focus on Standard Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis and we refer to the previous edition of the School [1] for the aspects concerning the variations of constants in nuclear cosmo-physics.

  9. Panel report: nuclear physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, Joseph A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hartouni, Edward P [LLNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear science is at the very heart of the NNSA program. The energy produced by nuclear processes is central to the NNSA mission, and nuclear reactions are critical in many applications, including National Ignition Facility (NIF) capsules, energy production, weapons, and in global threat reduction. Nuclear reactions are the source of energy in all these applications, and they can also be crucial in understanding and diagnosing the complex high-energy environments integral to the work of the NNSA. Nuclear processes are complex quantum many-body problems. Modeling and simulation of nuclear reactions and their role in applications, coupled tightly with experiments, have played a key role in NNSA's mission. The science input to NNSA program applications has been heavily reliant on experiment combined with extrapolations and physical models 'just good enough' to provide a starting point to extensive engineering that generated a body of empirical information. This body of information lacks the basic science underpinnings necessary to provide reliable extrapolations beyond the domain in which it was produced and for providing quantifiable error bars. Further, the ability to perform additional engineering tests is no longer possible, especially those tests that produce data in the extreme environments that uniquely characterize these applications. The end of testing has required improvements to the predictive capabilities of codes simulating the reactions and associated applications for both well known and well characterized cases as well as incompletely known cases. Developments in high performance computing, computational physics, applied mathematics and nuclear theory have combined to make spectacular advances in the theory of fission, fusion and nuclear reactions. Current research exploits these developments in a number of Office of Science and NNSA programs, and in joint programs such as the SciDAC (Science Discovery through Advanced Computing) that supports the project Building a Universal Nuclear Energy Density Fuctional whose goals are to provide the unified approach to calculating the properties of nuclei. The successful outcome of this, and similar projects is a first steps toward a predictive nuclear theory based on fundamental interactions between constituent nucleons. The application of this theory to the domain of nuclei important for national security missions will require computational resources at the extreme scale, beyond what will be available in the near term future.

  10. Nuclear Physics Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker-Loud, Andre

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Anchoring low-energy nuclear physics to the fundamental theory of strong interactions remains an outstanding challenge. I review the current progress and challenges of the endeavor to use lattice QCD to bridge this connection. This is a particularly exciting time for this line of research as demonstrated by the spike in the number of different collaborative efforts focussed on this problem and presented at this conference. I first digress and discuss the 2013 Ken Wilson Award.

  11. The Department of PhysicsPRESENTS Nuclear Physics & Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    The Department of PhysicsPRESENTS Nuclear Physics & Society A free, four-day short course on nuclear physics and public policy for anyone who wants to better understand nuclear power nuclear weapons P.M. Applications of Nuclear Physics on Earth: Nuclear power, weapons, and nuclear medicine. Topics

  12. X WORKSHOP ON NUCLEAR PHYSICS (WONP 2005)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    First Call X WORKSHOP ON NUCLEAR PHYSICS (WONP¬ī 2005) The X International Workshop on Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Physics, Particles and Fields, Physics of Beams, Radiation Physics, Radiation Protection Manso Guevara Nuclear Physics Department Instituto Superior de Tecnologias y Ciencias Aplicadas (In

  13. Nuclear Physics of Neutron Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Piekarewicz

    2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the equation of state (EOS) of cold nuclear matter, namely, the relation between the pressure and energy density, is a central goal of nuclear physics that cuts across a variety of disciplines. Indeed, the limits of nuclear existence, the collision of heavy ions, the structure of neutron stars, and the dynamics of core-collapse supernova, all depend critically on the equation of state of hadronic matter. In this contribution I will concentrate on the special role that nuclear physics plays in constraining the EOS of cold baryonic matter and its impact on the properties of neutron stars.

  14. Nuclear Physics with Electroweak Probes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omar Benhar

    2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the italian theoretical Nuclear Physics community has played a leading role in the development of a unified approach, allowing for a consistent and fully quantitative description of the nuclear response to electromagnetic and weak probes. In this paper I review the main achievements in both fields, point out some of the open problems, and outline the most promising prospects.

  15. Nuclear Physics: Experiment Research

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  16. Physics 129 Nuclear and Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    , homework solutions, handouts and announcements will be posted at my course web site: http://scipp.ucsc.edu/daw/phys129/enrolled This web site is password protected. The username and password will be announced materials will be distributed on the web site above. Nine texts on nuclear and particle physics, all

  17. Announcement of selection for Doctoral positions Doctoral School in PHYSICS 25th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE RECTOR Given Law no. 210 of the 3 rd of July 1998 and in particular, art. 4, which assigns, mathematical methods and models Physics of Matter Nuclear and Sub nuclear Physics Applied Physics Teaching) concerning the following topic "Nanotecnologies"; 1 grant Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN

  18. Neutrinos in Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. D. McKeown

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the discovery of nuclear beta decay, nuclear physicists have studied the weak interaction and the nature of neutrinos. Many recent and current experiments have been focused on the elucidation of neutrino oscillations and neutrino mass. The quest for the absolute value of neutrino mass continues with higher precision studies of the tritium beta decay spectrum near the endpoint. Neutrino oscillations are studied through measurements of reactor neutrinos as a function of baseline and energy. And experiments searching for neutrinoless double beta decay seek to discover violation of lepton number and establish the Majorana nature of neutrino masses.

  19. Neutrinos in Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKeown, R D

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the discovery of nuclear beta decay, nuclear physicists have studied the weak interaction and the nature of neutrinos. Many recent and current experiments have been focused on the elucidation of neutrino oscillations and neutrino mass. The quest for the absolute value of neutrino mass continues with higher precision studies of the tritium beta decay spectrum near the endpoint. Neutrino oscillations are studied through measurements of reactor neutrinos as a function of baseline and energy. And experiments searching for neutrinoless double beta decay seek to discover violation of lepton number and establish the Majorana nature of neutrino masses.

  20. Nuclear Physics Program

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  1. Nuclear Physics | Jefferson Lab

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  2. Nuclear Physics Jobs

    Office of Science (SC) Website

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  3. Lattice QCD and Nuclear Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konstantinos Orginos

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A steady stream of developments in Lattice QCD have made it possible today to begin to address the question of how nuclear physics emerges from the underlying theory of strong interactions. Central role in this understanding play both the effective field theory description of nuclear forces and the ability to perform accurate non-perturbative calculations in lo w energy QCD. Here I present some recent results that attempt to extract important low energy constants of the effective field theory of nuclear forces from lattice QCD.

  4. Theoretical nuclear physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rost, E.; Shephard, J.R.

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following topics: Exact 1-loop vacuum polarization effects in 1 + 1 dimensional QHD; exact 1-fermion loop contributions in 1 + 1 dimensional solitons; exact scalar 1-loop contributions in 1 + 3 dimensions; exact vacuum calculations in a hyper-spherical basis; relativistic nuclear matter with self- consistent correlation energy; consistent RHA-RPA for finite nuclei; transverse response functions in the {triangle}-resonance region; hadronic matter in a nontopological soliton model; scalar and vector contributions to {bar p}p {yields} {bar {Lambda} {Lambda}} reaction; 0+ and 2+ strengths in pion double-charge exchange to double giant-dipole resonances; and nucleons in a hybrid sigma model including a quantized pion field.

  5. Nuclear physics frontier at RCNP, Osaka University

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ong, H. J. [10-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan)

    2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Cyclotron accelerator facility and research activities at Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, are presented. A special focus is given on several topics in nuclear physics where interesting and important experiment results relevant to the nuclear structure as well as the nuclear astrophysics have been reported.

  6. PHYSICS 237 SPRING 2006 Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . K. Robinson Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences QA278 .B48 2003 J. M. BlattPHYSICS 237 SPRING 2006 Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics BOOKS ON RESERVE IN CRERAR LIBRARY 1987 K. S. Krane Introductory Nuclear Physics QC777.K730 1988 Useful references P. R. Bevington and D

  7. Anthropic considerations in nuclear physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulf-G. MeiŖner

    2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In this short review, I discuss the sensitivity of the generation of the light and the life-relevant elements like carbon and oxygen under changes of the parameters of the Standard Model pertinent to nuclear physics. Chiral effective field theory allows for a systematic and precise description of the forces between two, three, and four nucleons. In this framework, variations under the light quark masses and the electromagnetic fine structure constant can also be consistently calculated. Combining chiral nuclear effective field theory with Monte Carlo simulations allows to further calculate the properties of nuclei, in particular of the Hoyle state in carbon, that plays a crucial role in the generation of the life-relevant elements in hot, old stars. The dependence of the triple-alpha process on the fundamental constants of Nature is calculated and some implications for our anthropic view of the Universe are discussed.

  8. Laboratory I | Nuclear Physics Division

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  9. List of Publications A. Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamasundar, R.K.

    List of Publications (2011-) A. Nuclear Physics B. Atomic and Condensed matter Physics C. Interdisciplinary Areas and Applications #12;A. Nuclear Physics 1. Investigation of cluster structure of 9 Be from, Tripathy S P, Lahiri C, Joshi D S, Sarkar P K, Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 143, 4 (2011) 3. Structural change

  10. L. Baggio, E. Rocco, G.A. Prodi, S. Vitale (Univ. of Trento and INFN) M. Cerdonio (Univ. of Padova and INFN) A. Ortolan, G. Vedovato (INFN LNL) I.S. Heng (LSU)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and INFN) A. Ortolan, G. Vedovato (INFN LNL) I.S. Heng (LSU) IGEC toolbox for coincidence search The basic

  11. Nuclear & Particle Physics, Astrophysics, Cosmology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    production, nuclear weapons, and nuclear threat reduction Proton radiography, muon tomography, proton active interrogation, wide-angle, fast-response optical telescopes, and...

  12. Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science at NERSC HPC Requirements Reviews Requirements for Science: Target 2014 Nuclear Physics (NP) Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics:...

  13. Overview of Nuclear Physics at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKeown, Robert D. [JLAB

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) and associated experimental equipment at Jefferson Lab comprise a unique facility for experimental nuclear physics. This facility is presently being upgraded, which will enable a new experimental program with substantial discovery potential to address important topics in nuclear, hadronic, and electroweak physics. Further in the future, it is envisioned that the Laboratory will evolve into an electron-ion colliding beam facility.

  14. Nuclear Physics from Lattice QCD

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  15. Research in Theoretical Nuclear Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Capstick, Simon; Robson, Don

    2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A theoretical study of problems relevant to the hadron physics program at Jefferson Laboratory and at other laboratories around the world.

  16. ANNUAL WINTER SCHOOLANNUAL WINTER SCHOOL Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titov, Anatoly

    ANNUAL WINTER SCHOOLANNUAL WINTER SCHOOL Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute National Research February ­ 1 March, 2014 Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) conducts the XLVIII Annual Winter Physics · Theoretical Physics School · School on Nuclear Reactor Physics · Accelerator Physics School

  17. Nuclear Physics Technology Saves Lives | Jefferson Lab

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  18. American particle and nuclear physics planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montgomery, Hugh E. [JLAB

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the United States the planning process relevant to future deep inelastic scattering involves both the high energy physics and nuclear physics funding and the two communities. In Canada there is no such split between the communities. Within the past two years there have been several planning initiatives and there may be more to come. We review the current status of both the planning and the plans.

  19. The nuclear physics of neutron stars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piekarewicz, J. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4350 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the unique and fascinating structure of neutron stars. Although neutron stars are of interest in many areas of Physics, our aim is to provide an intellectual bridge between Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics. We argue against the naive perception of a neutron star as a uniform assembly of neutrons packed to enormous densities. Rather, by focusing on the many exotic phases that are speculated to exist in a neutron star, we show how the reality is different and far more interesting.

  20. Nuclear physics aspects of double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petr Vogel

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Comprehensive description of the phenomenology of the $\\beta\\beta$ decay is given, with emphasis on the nuclear physics aspects. After a brief review of the neutrino oscillation results and of motivation to test the lepton number conservation, the mechanism of the $0\

  1. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    . No oil was expected this time because there had been no accidental trapping of tank gas in the oilerAUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS l4Uti TANK OPENING REPORT NO.24 9th January, 1981 (1 day open) REFERENCES: Earlier Tank Opening Reports are referenced by the notation 12

  2. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    must be made during the long tank opening scheduled for February 6. 2/ .. #12;#12;2 - A patch of oil~ While it was possible that the oil had come from the gas handling system it was assumed to be due to ourAUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS l4UD TANK OPENING REPORT NO. 10 Two

  3. RELATIVISTIC HEAVY-ION PHYSICS WITHOUT NUCLEAR CONTACT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    RELATIVISTIC HEAVY-ION PHYSICS WITHOUT NUCLEAR CONTACT The large electromagnetic field generated physics research--for example, for investigating nuclear structure, hadronic structure, atomic physics Berkeley Laboratory--it became clear that heavy-ion physics without nuclear contact could be very useful

  4. Input to review of STFC UK Nuclear Physics Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    Input to review of STFC UK Nuclear Physics Community Introduction STFC covers essentially and project funding for Astronomy, Nuclear Physics, Particle Physics and Space Science Since STFC was formed programme. Grant funding Nuclear Physics grant funding was in EPSRC until 2007 and then moved to STFC

  5. 22.101 Applied Nuclear Physics, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yip, Sidney

    Fundamentals of nuclear physics for engineering students. Basic properties of the nucleus and nuclear radiations. Elementary quantum mechanical calculations of bound-state energies and barrier transmission probability. ...

  6. Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Richard A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low-Energy Nuclear Physics National Joseph Carlson / HPC Initiative: Building a Universal Joseph Carlson Jonathan Engel Nuclear Energy Density Functional Structure and Reactions

  7. Physics -Particle and Nuclear Physics | Theory of Nuclear Fission Springer is part of Springer Science+Business Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomorski, Krzysztof

    Physics - Particle and Nuclear Physics | Theory of Nuclear Fission © Springer is part of Springer Science+Business Media Theory of Nuclear Fission A Textbook Series: Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 838 v arious aspects of the nuclear f ission phenomenon discov ered by Hahn, Strassmann and Meitner

  8. KRNFYSIK, FRDJUPNINGSKURS FKF 021 Nuclear Physics, Advanced Course I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K√?RNFYSIK, F√?RDJUPNINGSKURS FKF 021 Nuclear Physics, Advanced Course I Antal po√§ng: 5.0. Valfri f√∂r. Partikelfysik. Laborationerna √§r obligatoriska. Litteratur Krane, K.S.: Introductory Nuclear Physics

  9. KRNFYSIK, FRDJUPNINGSKURS FKF021 Nuclear Physics, Advanced Course I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K√?RNFYSIK, F√?RDJUPNINGSKURS FKF021 Nuclear Physics, Advanced Course I Po√§ng: 5.0 Betygskala: TH. Partikelfysik. Laborationerna √§r obligatoriska. Litteratur: Krane, K.S.: Introductory Nuclear Physics

  10. RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH Compiled by A.V. Zaytseva,b a Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia b Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia c Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS #12; Preface 5 1 General surveys

  11. RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH V.S. Fadin, R of Nuclear Physics, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia, and Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia, Gruppo collegato di Cosenza, Arcavacata di Rende, I-87036 Cosenza, Italy c Petersburg Nuclear Physics

  12. RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH V.S. Fadin, R of colours V.S. Fadina , R. Fioreb a Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, and Novosibirsk State University of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS #12;. 1 Introduction In the BFKL approach [1], impact factors appear

  13. Postdoctoral Position in Theoretical Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    Postdoctoral Position in Theoretical Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics Indiana University The Nuclear Theory group at the Physics Department of Indiana University invites ap- plications for a postdoctoral position in the fields of Nuclear Theory and Elementary Particle Physics, broadly defined

  14. Reprinted from Nuclear Physics A654 (1999) 436~457~

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reprinted from YSICS A Nuclear Physics A654 (1999) 436~457~ www.eIsevier.nl/locate/npe Accelerator-driven Transmutation Projects. The Importance of Nuclear Physics Research for Waste Transmutation. Waclaw Gudowsk? aRoyal Institute of Technology,Stockholm, Sweden ELSEVIER #12;International Nuclear Physics Conference 1998 UNESCO

  15. INT Summer School Proposal Lattice QCD for Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    INT Summer School Proposal Lattice QCD for Nuclear Physics Organizers Huey-Wen Lin Department of Nuclear Physics, Johann-Joachim-Becher-Weg 45 55099 Mainz, Germany meyerh@kph.uni-mainz.de David Richards techniques to the study of nuclear physics. The goal of this summer school is to educate and prepare the next

  16. Nuclear Physics Explained in Simple Terms Ernest M. Henley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Alejandro

    Nuclear Physics Explained in Simple Terms Ernest M. Henley University of Washington Alejandro Garc challenges that the human mind has ever undertaken. Nuclear physics is a mature science, more than one be understood. We wrote this book to address the curiosity of the lay person with respect to nuclear physics

  17. Integration of Ab Initio Nuclear Physics Calculations with Optimization Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sosonkina, Masha

    Integration of Ab Initio Nuclear Physics Calculations with Optimization Techniques Masha Sosonkina1 into the field of nuclear physics calculations where the objective functions are very complex and computationally the ab initio nuclear physics code MFDn and the VTDIRECT95 code for derivative-free op- timization. We

  18. RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH D.S. Gurov, P.V. Martyshkin, V.V. Petrov, V.V. Zuev Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia M are included. @ Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS #12

  19. Quantum Monte Carlo methods for nuclear physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Carlson; S. Gandolfi; F. Pederiva; Steven C. Pieper; R. Schiavilla; K. E. Schmidt; R. B. Wiringa

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum Monte Carlo methods have proved very valuable to study the structure and reactions of light nuclei and nucleonic matter starting from realistic nuclear interactions and currents. These ab-initio calculations reproduce many low-lying states and transition moments in light nuclei, and simultaneously predict many properties of light nuclei and neutron matter over a rather wide range of energy and momenta. We review the nuclear interactions and currents, and describe the continuum Quantum Monte Carlo methods used in nuclear physics. These methods are similar to those used in condensed matter and electronic structure but naturally include spin-isospin, tensor, spin-orbit, and three-body interactions. We present a variety of results including the low-lying spectra of light nuclei, nuclear form factors, and transition matrix elements. We also describe low-energy scattering techniques, studies of the electroweak response of nuclei relevant in electron and neutrino scattering, and the properties of dense nucleonic matter as found in neutron stars. A coherent picture of nuclear structure and dynamics emerges based upon rather simple but realistic interactions and currents.

  20. Nuclear physics and heavy element research at LLNL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoyer, M A; Ahle, L E; Becker, J A; Bernstein, L A; Bleuel, D L; Burke, J T; Dashdorj, D; Henderson, R A; Hurst, A M; Kenneally, J M; Lesher, S R; Moody, K J; Nelson, S L; Norman, E B; Pedretti, M; Scielzo, N D; Shaughnessy, D A; Sheets, S A; Stoeffl, W; Stoyer, N J; Wiedeking, M; Wilk, P A; Wu, C Y

    2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper highlights some of the current basic nuclear physics research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The work at LLNL concentrates on investigating nuclei at the extremes. The Experimental Nuclear Physics Group performs research to improve our understanding of nuclei, nuclear reactions, nuclear decay processes and nuclear astrophysics; an expertise utilized for important laboratory national security programs and for world-class peer-reviewed basic research.

  1. MICHAEL L. CORRADINI Wisconsin Distinguished Professor Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics, Chair, Engineering Physics Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volpe, Francesco

    MICHAEL L. CORRADINI Wisconsin Distinguished Professor Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics.S. Mechanical Engineering - 1975 Marquette University, Milwaukee WI M.S. Nuclear Engineering - 1976 Massachusetts Institute of Technology PhD Nuclear Engineering - 1978 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  2. DOE fundamentals handbook: Nuclear physics and reactor theory. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of nuclear physics and reactor theory. The handbook includes information on atomic and nuclear physics; neutron characteristics; reactor theory and nuclear parameters; and the theory of reactor operation. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the scientific principles that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

  3. DOE fundamentals handbook: Nuclear physics and reactor theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of nuclear physics and reactor theory. The handbook includes information on atomic and nuclear physics; neutron characteristics; reactor theory and nuclear parameters; and the theory of reactor operation. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the scientific principles that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

  4. DOE fundamentals handbook: Nuclear physics and reactor theory. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of nuclear physics and reactor theory. The handbook includes information on atomic and nuclear physics; neutron characteristics; reactor theory and nuclear parameters; and the theory of reactor operation. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the scientific principles that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

  5. Nuclear Physics A 770 (2006) 131 Relativistic nuclear energy density functional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weise, Wolfram

    Nuclear Physics A 770 (2006) 1­31 Relativistic nuclear energy density functional constrained by low-energy 10 February 2006 Available online 3 March 2006 Abstract A relativistic nuclear energy density nuclear physics: the relationship between low-energy, non- perturbative QCD and the rich structure

  6. Nuclear Physics and National Security in an Age of Terrorism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    Nuclear Physics and National Security in an Age of Terrorism Jerry Gilfoyle Physics Department, University of Richmond, Virginia Outline: 1. How do we assess the threat? 1. Nuclear Weapons 101 2. Catching to the threat? ­ prevention ­ mitigation (i.e. cleanup, cures, etc.) ­ retaliation #12;Nuclear Weapons 101 What

  7. Office of Nuclear Physics Jehanne Simon-Gillo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Office of Nuclear Physics Jehanne Simon-Gillo Acquisition Executive (Acting) Office of Nuclear Physics Jehanne Simon-Gillo Program Manager BNL Site Office Nand Narain Federal Project Director NASA A. McNerney Physics Support D. Raparia E. Beebe A. Kponou M. Okamura A. Pikin #12;

  8. Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Rodney

    Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs The George W. Woodruff School #12 Engineering Industry Graduate School DOE National Labs Nuclear Navy #12; 104 Operating Nuclear Power plants one of the highest among all engineers #12;Westinghouse AP1000 Areva EPR GE Nuclear ESBWR B&W m

  9. Job advertisement Faculty 08 (Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science), Institute of Nuclear Physics, has an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Straten, Duco

    Job advertisement Faculty 08 (Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science), Institute of Nuclear and astroparticle physics, nuclear chemistry and precision physics with ultracold neutrons and ion traps. We Physics, has an opening within the framework of the Cluster of Excellence PRISMA for a University

  10. Summaries of FY 1992 research in nuclear physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the research projects supported by the Division of Nuclear Physics in the Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics during FY 1992. This Division is a component of the Office of Energy Research and provides about 85% of the funding for nuclear physics research in the United States. The objectives of the Nuclear Physics Program are two-fold: (1) to understand the interactions and structures of atomic nuclei and nuclear matter and the fundamental forces of nature as manifested in nuclear matter and (2) to foster application of this knowledge to other sciences and technical disciplines. These summaries are intended to provide a convenient guide for those interested in the research supported by the Division of Nuclear Physics. We remind the readers that this compilation is just an overview of the Nuclear Physics Program. What we attempt to portray correctly is the breadth of the program and level of activity in the field of nuclear physics research as well as the new capabilities and directions that continually alter the public face of the nuclear sciences. We hope that the limitations of space, constraints of fon-nat, and rigors of editing have not extinguished the excitement of the science as it was originally portrayed.

  11. Radioactive target needs for nuclear reactor physics and nuclear astrophysics , G. Barreau1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Radioactive target needs for nuclear reactor physics and nuclear astrophysics B.Jurado1* , G Gradignan, France 2 IPN, CNRS/IN2P3, Univ. Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay, France Abstract: Nuclear reaction cross sections of short-lived nuclei are key inputs for new generation nuclear reactor simulations and for models

  12. Nuclear Thermal Rockets: The Physics of the Fission Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Shane

    Nuclear Thermal Rockets: The Physics of the Fission Reactor Shane D. Ross Control and Dynamical heats up when it passes through a nuclear reactor, where controlled fission of some fissionable material, with the nuclear fission reactor as a heat source [Lawrence, Witter, and Humble, 1992]. it works essentially

  13. Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Spin Echoes MIT Department of Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seager, Sara

    Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Spin Echoes MIT Department of Physics (Dated: February 5, 2014) In this experiment, the phenomenon of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is used to determine the magnetic moments-factor in atomic spectroscopy and is given by g = (¬Ķ/¬ĶN )/I, (2) and ¬ĶN is the nuclear magneton, e /2mp

  14. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 360 (1995) 17-21 INSTRUMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morselli, Aldo

    , W. Menn k, M. Simon k a Dipartimento di Fisica and Sezione I.N.F.N. dell'Universitir di Trieste, Italy b Dipartimento di Fisica and Sezione I.N.F.N. dell'llnioersita di "Tar Vergata", Roma, Italy ' Dipartimento di Fisica and Sezione I.N.F.N. dell'llniversita di Firenze, Italy ' I.N.F.N. Laboratori Nazionali

  15. NUCLEAR PHYSICS THIRD SERIES, VOLUME 32, NUMBER 6 DECEMBER 1985

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsch George F.

    NUCLEAR PHYSICS THIRD SERIES, VOLUME 32, NUMBER 6 DECEMBER 1985 Coulomb energy systematics and the missing J =--, ' + state in 98 R. Sherr Department ofPhysics, Princeton University, Princeton, Xeiv Jersey 08544 Cr. Bertsch Department ofPhysics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (Received 22

  16. High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dart, Eli; Bauerdick, Lothar; Bell, Greg; Ciuffo, Leandro; Dasu, Sridhara; Dattoria, Vince; De, Kaushik; Ernst, Michael; Finkelson, Dale; Gottleib, Steven; Gutsche, Oliver; Habib, Salman; Hoeche, Stefan; Hughes-Jones, Richard; Ibarra, Julio; Johnston, William; Kisner, Theodore; Kowalski, Andy; Lauret, Jerome; Luitz, Steffen; Mackenzie, Paul; Maguire, Chales; Metzger, Joe; Monga, Inder; Ng, Cho-Kuen; Nielsen, Jason; Price, Larry; Porter, Jeff; Purschke, Martin; Rai, Gulshan; Roser, Rob; Schram, Malachi; Tull, Craig; Watson, Chip; Zurawski, Jason

    2014-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of SC programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements needed by instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 25 years. In August 2013, ESnet and the DOE SC Offices of High Energy Physics (HEP) and Nuclear Physics (NP) organized a review to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by the HEP and NP program offices. Several key findings resulted from the review. Among them: 1. The Large Hadron Collider?s ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC Apparatus) and CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) experiments are adopting remote input/output (I/O) as a core component of their data analysis infrastructure. This will significantly increase their demands on the network from both a reliability perspective and a performance perspective. 2. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments (particularly ATLAS and CMS) are working to integrate network awareness into the workflow systems that manage the large number of daily analysis jobs (1 million analysis jobs per day for ATLAS), which are an integral part of the experiments. Collaboration with networking organizations such as ESnet, and the consumption of performance data (e.g., from perfSONAR [PERformance Service Oriented Network monitoring Architecture]) are critical to the success of these efforts. 3. The international aspects of HEP and NP collaborations continue to expand. This includes the LHC experiments, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) experiments, the Belle II Collaboration, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), and others. The international nature of these collaborations makes them heavily reliant on transoceanic connectivity, which is subject to longer term service disruptions than terrestrial connectivity. The network engineering aspects of undersea connectivity will continue to be a significant part of the planning, deployment, and operation of the data analysis infrastructure for HEP and NP experiments for the foreseeable future. Given their critical dependency on networking services, the experiments have expressed the need for tight integration (both technically and operationally) of the domestic and the transoceanic parts of the network infrastructure that supports the experiments. 4. The datasets associated with simulations continue to increase in size, and the need to move these datasets between analysis centers is placing ever-increasing demands on networks and on data management systems at the supercomputing centers. In addition, there is a need to harmonize cybersecurity practice with the data transfer performance requirements of the science. This report expands on these points, and addresses others as well. The report contains a findings section in addition to the text of the case studies discussed during the review.

  17. Accelerator mass spectrometry: from nuclear physics to dating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kutschera, W.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The discussion reviews the use of accelerators originally intended for nuclear physics to do high resolution mass spectrometry for the purpose of isotope dating and age estimation of materials. (GHT)

  18. MHTGR NUCLEAR PHYSICS BENCHMARKS Issued By: General Atomics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    no furth the report without prior en no longer needed, document has been MHTGR NUCLEAR PHYSICS BENCHMARKS Issued By: General Atomics P.O. Box85608 San Diego, California 92186-9784...

  19. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH European Laboratory for Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH European Laboratory for Particle Physics Internal Note performance of the counter for the detection of one MIP 3 #12;(Minimum Ionizing Particle). Their hardness

  20. The Future of High Energy Nuclear Physics in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Schukraft

    2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In less than two years from now, the LHC at CERN will start operating with protons and later with heavy ions in the multi TeV energy range. With its unique physics potential and a strong, state-of-the complement of detectors, the LHC will provide the European, and in fact worldwide Nuclear Physics community, with a forefront facility to study nuclear matter under extreme conditions well into the next decade.

  1. Charged-Particle Thermonuclear Reaction Rates: III. Nuclear Physics Input

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Iliadis; Richard Longland; Art Champagne; Alain Coc

    2010-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear physics input used to compute the Monte Carlo reaction rates and probability density functions that are tabulated in the second paper of this series (Paper II) is presented. Specifically, we publish the input files to the Monte Carlo reaction rate code RatesMC, which is based on the formalism presented in the first paper of this series (Paper I). This data base contains overwhelmingly experimental nuclear physics information. The survey of literature for this review was concluded in November 2009.

  2. * This reference number refers to the recommendation number given in the EPSRC/STFC Review of Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering Report Action Plan for the EPSRC/STFC Review of Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering Report Action Plan for the EPSRC/STFC Review of Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering Preface This document will outline the recommendations in order of importance skills provision in nuclear engineering and related areas. Although these two areas have significant

  3. Future directions in particle and nuclear physics at multi-GeV hadron beam facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geesaman, D.F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [ed.

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains papers on the following topics in particle and nuclear physics: hadron dynamics; lepton physics; spin physics; hadron and nuclear spectroscopy; hadronic weak interactions; and Eta physics. These papers have been indexed separately elsewhere.

  4. KRNFYSIK AK FKF011 Nuclear Physics, Basic Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K√?RNFYSIK AK FKF011 Nuclear Physics, Basic Course Po√§ng: 3.0 Betygskala: TH Obligatorisk f√∂r: F3 Valfri f√∂r: E4 Kursansvarig: Docent Per Kristiansson, per.kristiansson@nuclear.lu.se F√∂rkunskapskrav

  5. KRNFYSIK AK FKF 011 Nuclear Physics, Basic Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K√?RNFYSIK AK FKF 011 Nuclear Physics, Basic Course Antal po√§ng: 3.0. Obligatorisk f√∂r: F3. Valfri f√∂r: E4. Kursansvarig: Docent Per Kristiansson, per.kristiansson@nuclear.lu.se F√∂rkunskapskrav

  6. Nuclear Physics: User/Researcher Information

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the ContributionsArms Control R&D ConsortiumNuclear PairsNuclear

  7. Nuclear physics from strong coupling QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Fromm; Philippe de Forcrand

    2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The strong coupling limit (beta_gauge = 0) of QCD offers a number of remarkable research possibilities, of course at the price of large lattice artifacts. Here, we determine the complete phase diagram as a function of temperature T and baryon chemical potential mu_B, for one flavor of staggered fermions in the chiral limit, with emphasis on the determination of a tricritical point and on the T ~ 0 transition to nuclear matter. The latter is known to happen for mu_B substantially below the baryon mass, indicating strong nuclear interactions in QCD at infinite gauge coupling. This leads us to studying the properties of nuclear matter from first principles. We determine the nucleon-nucleon potential in the strong coupling limit, as well as masses m_A of nuclei as a function of their atomic number A. Finally, we clarify the origin of nuclear interactions at strong coupling, which turns out to be a steric effect.

  8. Nuclear and Plasma Physics Heriot-Watt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    and nano-diamond for fusion reactors" Romanian J Physics, 56 Supplement, 15-22, 2011 5. D. A. J. Moran, D

  9. Testing the Physics of Nuclear Isomers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hazi, A

    2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    For much of the past century, physicists have searched for methods to control the release of energy stored in an atom's nucleus. Nuclear fission reactors have been one successful approach, but finding other methods to capitalize on this potential energy source have been elusive. One possible source being explored is nuclear isomers. An isomer is a long-lived excited state of an atom's nucleus--a state in which decay back to the nuclear ground state is inhibited. The nucleus of an isomer thus holds an enormous amount of energy. If scientists could develop a method to release that energy instantaneously in a gamma-ray burst, rather than slowly over time, they could use it in a nuclear battery. Research in the late 1990s indicated that scientists were closer to developing such a method--using x rays to trigger the release of energy from the nuclear isomer hafnium-178m ({sup 178m}Hf). To further investigate these claims, the Department of Energy (DOE) funded a collaborative project involving Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, and Argonne national laboratories that was designed to reproduce those earlier results.

  10. University of Washington, Nuclear Physics Laboratory annual report, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Physics Laboratory of the University of Washington supports a broad program of experimental physics research. The current program includes in-house research using the local tandem Van de Graff and superconducting linac accelerators and non-accelerator research in double beta decay and gravitation as well as user-mode research at large accelerator and reactor facilities around the world. This book is divided into the following areas: nuclear astrophysics; neutrino physics; nucleus-nucleus reactions; fundamental symmetries and weak interactions; accelerator mass spectrometry; atomic and molecular clusters; ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions; external users; electronics, computing, and detector infrastructure; Van de Graff, superconducting booster and ion sources; nuclear physics laboratory personnel; degrees granted for 1994--1995; and list of publications from 1994--1995.

  11. Nuclear Physics Division Theoretical Study Division

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the ContributionsArms Control R&D ConsortiumNuclear Pairs High-ResolutionCEBIT 67-18

  12. Nuclear Physics Long Range Plan | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the ContributionsArms Control R&D ConsortiumNuclear Pairs High-ResolutionCEBIT

  13. Nuclear Physics: User/Researcher Information

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | NationalJohnSecurityControls |Navy Nuclear NavyNuclearAdvisors

  14. Intermediate/high energy nuclear physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vary, J.P.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses progress on the following research: quark cluster model; solving quantum field theories in non-perturbative regime;relativistic wave equations, quarkonia and electron-positron resonances; nuclear dependence at large transverse momentum; factorization at the order of power corrections; single-spin asymmetries; and hadronic photon production. (LSP)

  15. Research in heavy-ion nuclear physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanders, S.J.; Prosser, F.W.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following topics: Fusion-fission in light nuclear systems; High-resolution Q-value measurement for the {sup 24}Mg+{sup 24}Mg reaction; Heavy-ion reactions and limits to fusion; and Hybrid MWPC-Bragg curve detector development.

  16. Resource Letter FNP-1: Frontiers of nuclear physics G. F. Bertscha)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsch George F.

    Resource Letter FNP-1: Frontiers of nuclear physics G. F. Bertscha) Department of Physics activities in nuclear physics and also a guide for finding useful nuclear data. The major areas included, and nuclear instrumentation. © 2004 American Association of Physics Teachers. DOI: 10.1119/1.1763174 I

  17. Dynamic adaptations in ab-initio nuclear physics calculations on multicore computer architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sosonkina, Masha

    Dynamic adaptations in ab-initio nuclear physics calculations on multicore computer architectures application MFDn (Many Fermion Dynamics for nuclear structure) used for ab-initio nuclear physics calcu of the quantum many-body problem transcends several areas of physics and chemistry. Nuclear physics faces

  18. Nuclear Science--A Guide to the Nuclear Science Wall Chart 2003 Contemporary Physics Education Project (CPEP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear Science--A Guide to the Nuclear Science Wall Chart ©2003 Contemporary Physics Education Project (CPEP) 7-1 Chapter 7 Nuclear Reactions Nuclear reactions and nuclear scattering are used, protons, alphas, or "heavy ions"), creates these reactions when they strike a target nucleus. Nuclear

  19. Accelerating Innovation: How Nuclear Physics Benefits Us All

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From fighting cancer to assuring food is safe to protecting our borders, nuclear physics impacts the lives of people around the globe every day. In learning about the nucleus of the atom and the forces that govern it, scientists develop a depth of knowledge, techniques and remarkable research tools that can be used to develop a variety of often unexpected, practical applications. These applications include devices and technologies for medical diagnostics and therapy, energy production and exploration, safety and national security, and for the analysis of materials and environmental contaminants. This brochure by the Office of Nuclear Physics of the USDOE Office of Science discusses nuclear physics and ways in which its applications fuel our economic vitality, and make the world and our lives safer and healthier.

  20. Theoretical Nuclear Physics - Research - Cyclotron Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAboutManusScienceThe LifeNew class ofTheoretical Nuclear

  1. physical security | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrective Actions Program LANL TRU

  2. Nuclear energy | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | NationalJohnSecurityControls |NavyNuclearLife Cycleenergy

  3. Nuclear safety | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | NationalJohnSecurityControls |NavyNuclearLife Cycleenergysafety

  4. Nuclear & Particle Physics, Astrophysics, Cosmology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Regionat Cornell BatteriesArchives Events/NewsYou areCleanNuMatNuclear

  5. National Nuclear Physics Summer School (NNPSS) 2011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNational Library of Energy Login The National Library

  6. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - Nuclear energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for4-16 FOR Primary Author Lastenergy Energy that originates

  7. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - Nuclear safety

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for4-16 FOR Primary Author Lastenergy Energy that

  8. Nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology (NPAC) capability review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redondo, Antonio [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present document represents a summary self-assessment of the status of the Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology (NPAC) capability across Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). For the purpose of this review, we have divided the capability into four theme areas: Nuclear Physics, Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology, and Applied Physics. For each theme area we have given a general but brief description of the activities under the area, a list of the Laboratory divisions involved in the work, connections to the goals and mission of the Laboratory, a brief description of progress over the last three years, our opinion of the overall status of the theme area, and challenges and issues.

  9. Theoretical nuclear physics. 1998 progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of progress made on the following topics are given: (1) nonresonant contributions to inelastic N{r_arrow}{Delta}(1232) parity violation; (2) neutron distribution effects in elastic nuclear parity violation; (3) Wilson RG for scalar-plus-fermion field theories at finite density; (4) Perturbation theory for spin ladders using angular momentum coupled bases; (5) mean-field theory for spin ladders using angular momentum density; (6) finite temperature renormalization group effective potentials for the linear Sigma model; (7) negative-parity baryon resonances from lattice QCD; (8) the N{r_arrow}{Delta} electromagnetic transition amplitudes from QCD sum rules; and (9) higher nucleon resonances in exclusive reactions ({gamma}, {pi}N) on nuclei.

  10. Physical Security Systems | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxfordVeteransAdministrationPhysical Security Systems |

  11. Nuclear Physics A 587 (1995) 787-801 (3He,t) reactions on unstable nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

    ELSEVIER NUCLEAR PHYSICS A Nuclear Physics A 587 (1995) 787-801 (3He,t) reactions on unstable,t) reactions on unstable nuclei theoretically. Since this charge-exchange reaction takes place on the nuclear in nuclear physics since we got a new tool, "beams of unstable nuclei" [1,2]. Many experimentalists have

  12. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 356 (1995) l-4 INSTRUMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutz, Hartmut

    ELSEVIER Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 356 (1995) l-4 NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS 8 METHODS IN PHYSICS REgtR?n Thermodynamics of dynamic nuclear polarization W.Th. Wenckebach Faculty ofApplied Physics, Delfr Unicersity of Technology, P.O.B. 5046, 2600 GA De& The Netherlands Abstract Dynamic nuclear

  13. Physics of Nuclear Collisions at High Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwa, Rudolph C.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A wide range of problems has been investigated in the research program during the period of this grant. Although the major effort has been in the subject of heavy-ion collisions, we have also studied problems in biological and other physical systems. The method of analysis used in reducing complex data in multiparticle production to simple descriptions can also be applied to the study of complex systems of very different nature. Phase transition is an important phenomenon in many areas of physics, and for heavy-ion collisions we study the fluctuations of multiplicities at the critical point. Human brain activities as revealed in EEG also involve fluctuations in time series, and we have found that our experience enables us to find the appropriate quantification of the fluctuations in ways that can differentiate stroke and normal subjects. The main topic that characterizes the research at Oregon in heavy-ion collisions is the recombination model for the treatment of the hadronization process. We have avoided the hydrodynamical model partly because there is already a large community engaged in it, but more significantly we have found the assumption of rapid thermalization unconvincing. Recent results in studying LHC physics lead us to provide more evidence that shower partons are very important even at low p_T, but are ignored by hydro. It is not easy to work in an environment where the conventional wisdom regards our approach as being incorrect because it does not adhere to the standard paradigm. But that is just what a vibrant research community needs: unconventional approach may find evidences that can challenge the orthodoxy. An example is the usual belief that elliptic flow in fluid dynamics gives rise to azimuthal anisotropy. We claim that it is only sufficient but not necessary. With more data from LHC and more independent thinkers working on the subject what is sufficient as a theory may turn out to be incorrect in reality. Another area of investigation that has long been associated with this PI is the study of quark-hadron phase transition in heavy-ion collisions. Finally, at LHC enough particles are produced to make feasible the investigation of intermittency and erraticity indices that we have proposed as signatures of that phase transition.

  14. Nuclear and fundamental physics instrumentation for the ANS project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, S.J. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics; Raman, S.; Arterburn, J.; McManamy, T.; Peretz, F.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Faust, H. [Institut Laue-Langevin, 38 - Grenoble (France); Piotrowski, A.E. [Soltan Inst. for Nuclear Studies, Otwock-Swierk (Poland)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes work carried out during the period 1991-1995 in connection with the refinement of the concepts and detailed designs for nuclear and fundamental physics research instrumentation at the proposed Advanced Neutron source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Initially, emphasis was placed on refining the existing System Design Document (SDD-43) to detail more accurately the needs and interfaces of the instruments that are identified in the document. The conceptual designs of these instruments were also refined to reflect current thinking in the field of nuclear and fundamental physics. In particular, the on-line isotope separator (ISOL) facility design was reconsidered in the light of the development of interest in radioactive ion beams within the nuclear physics community. The second stage of this work was to define those instrument parameters that would interface directly with the reactor systems so that these parameters could be considered for the ISOL facility and particularly for its associated ion source. Since two of these options involved ion sources internal to the long slant beam tube, these were studied in detail. In addition, preliminary work was done to identify the needs for the target holder and changing facility to be located in the tangential through-tube. Because many of the planned nuclear and fundamental physics instruments have similar needs in terms of detection apparatus, some progress was also made in defining the parameters for these detectors. 21 refs., 32 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Self-consistent methods in nuclear structure physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobaczewski, J. [Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics][Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Joint Inst. for Heavy Ion Research]|[Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present a very brief description of the Hartree Fock method in nuclear structure physics, discuss the numerical methods used to solve the self-consistent equations, and analyze the precision and convergence properties of solutions. As an application, they present results pertaining to quadrupole moments and single-particle quadrupole polarizations in superdeformed nuclei with A {approximately} 60.

  16. Nuclear and Particle Physics Conference 2631 May, 2003, Dubrovnik, Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear and Particle Physics Conference 26­31 May, 2003, Dubrovnik, Croatia Hard Exclusive all kinematic region A. Borissov, NAPP 2003, May 28, Dubrovnik, Croatia #12; The Target and Beam, Dubrovnik, Croatia #12; Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) Orbital Angular Momentum Lq Compton (DVCS

  17. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH European Laboratory for Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH European Laboratory for Particle Physics THERMAL components linking the cold mass to the vacuum vessel such as support posts and an insulation vacuum barrier aluminium thermal shield. The recent commissioning and operation of two SSS prototypes in the LHC Test

  18. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPART~ffiNT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPART~ffiNT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS 14UD Tfu~K OPENING REPORT No.4l 15th that came to us, (including fuzzballs), and tests that we carried out (40/8). Later, we evaluated that we were unable to pull open the door of the storage vessel because of partial vacuum inside

  19. DEPARTMENf OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS TANK OPENING REPORT NO 62

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    DEPARTMENf OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS TANK OPENING REPORT NO 62 This report covers three tank openings; 2 history. We were plagued throughout these tank openings by poor beam transmission and spent most of our have, were manufactured and installed. The first tank opening2 May t.o 6 May 1988. This tank opening

  20. NP2010: An Assessment and Outlook for Nuclear Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lancaster, James

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This grant provided partial support for the National Research Councilís (NRC) decadal survey of nuclear physics. This is part of NRCís larger effort to assess and discuss the outlook for different fields in physics and astronomy, Physics 2010, which takes place approximately every ten years. A report has been prepared as a result of the study that is intended to inform those who are interested about the current status of research in this area and to help guide future developments of the field. A pdf version of the report is available for download, for free, at http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13438. Among the principal conclusions reached in the report are that the nuclear physics program in the United States has been especially well managed, principally through a recurring long-range planning process conducted by the community, and that current opportunities developed pursuant to that planning process should be exploited. In the section entitled ďBuilding the Foundation for the Future,Ē the report notes that attention needs to be paid to certain elements that are essential to the continued vitality of the field. These include ensuring that education and research at universities remain a focus for funding and that a plan be developed to ensure that forefront-computing resources, including exascale capabilities when developed, be made available to nuclear science researchers. The report also notes that nimbleness is essential for the United States to remain competitive in a rapidly expanding international nuclear physics arena and that streamlined and flexible procedures should be developed for initiating and managing smaller-scale nuclear science projects.

  1. Physical Mechanism of Nuclear Reactions at Low Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. P. Oleinik; Yu. D Arepjev

    2003-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The physical mechanism of nuclear reactions at low energies caused by spatial extension of electron is considered. Nuclear reactions of this type represent intra-electronic processes, more precisely, the processes occurring inside the area of basic localization of electron. Distinctive characteristics of these processes are defined by interaction of the own field produced by electrically charged matter of electron with free nuclei. Heavy nucleus, appearing inside the area of basic localization of electron, is inevitably deformed because of interaction of protons with the adjoining layers of electronic cloud, which may cause nuclear fission. If there occur "inside" electron two or greater number of light nuclei, an attractive force appears between the nuclei which may result in the fusion of nuclei. The intra-electronic mechanism of nuclear reactions is of a universal character. For its realization it is necessary to have merely a sufficiently intensive stream of free electrons, i.e. heavy electric current, and as long as sufficiently great number of free nuclei. This mechanism may operate only at small energies of translational motion of the centers of mass of nuclei and electron. Because of the existence of simple mechanism of nuclear reactions at low energies, nuclear reactor turns out to be an atomic delayed-action bomb which may blow up by virtue of casual reasons, as it has taken place, apparently, in Chernobyl. The use of cold nuclear reactions for production of energy will provide mankind with cheap, practically inexhaustible, and non-polluting energy sources.

  2. The Auxiliary Field Diffusion Monte Carlo Method for Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Gandolfi

    2007-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I discuss the use of the Auxiliary Field Diffusion Monte Carlo method to compute the ground state of nuclear Hamiltonians, and I show several applications to interesting problems both in nuclear physics and in nuclear astrophysics. In particular, the AFDMC algorithm is applied to the study of several nuclear systems, finite, and infinite matter. Results about the ground state of nuclei ($^4$He, $^8$He, $^{16}$O and $^{40}$Ca), neutron drops (with 8 and 20 neutrons) and neutron rich-nuclei (isotopes of oxygen and calcium) are discussed, and the equation of state of nuclear and neutron matter are calculated and compared with other many-body calculations. The $^1S_0$ superfluid phase of neutron matter in the low-density regime was also studied.

  3. Introduction A major goal in nuclear physics is to understand how

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihaila, Bogdan

    Introduction A major goal in nuclear physics is to understand how nuclear binding, stability article 20 Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2003 Ab Initio Calcula the accurate calculation of nuclear matrix ele- ments needed for some tests of the standard model

  4. BNL Strategic Plan for Nuclear Physics T. Kirk, Associate Laboratory Director, HENP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BNL Strategic Plan for Nuclear Physics T. Kirk, Associate Laboratory Director, HENP January 3, 2005 Abstract: The strategic plan for Nuclear Physics at Brookhaven National Laboratory seeks to align itself of the Laboratory to the advance of nuclear physics. To accomplish these guiding principles, we seek to identify

  5. Reprinted from Nuclear Physics A663&664 (2000) 169c-182c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .eIsevier.nl/locate/npe Transmutation of Nuclear Waste Waclaw Gudowski aRoyal Institute of Technology,Stockholm, Sweden ELSEVIER #12;Nuclear Physics A663&664 (2000) 169c-182c Transmutation of Nuclear Waste Waclaw Gudowski Royal Institute at the dawn of nuclear era in 1940 anticipated that management of radioactive materials and nuclear waste

  6. Daniel E. Archer Ph.D., Experimental Nuclear Structure Physics, Florida State University, 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel E. Archer Ph.D., Experimental Nuclear Structure Physics, Florida State University, 1996 M with particular expertise in experimental nuclear physics, including "hands-on" laboratory experience · Leadership.S., Physics, Florida State University, 1993 B.S., Physics (Major), Computer Based Honors Program (Minor

  7. Application of AdS/CFT in Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. R. Pahlavani; R. Morad

    2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We review some recent progress in studying the nuclear physics especially nucleon-nucleon (NN) force within the gauge-gravity duality, in context of noncritical string theory. Our main focus is on the holographic QCD model based on the $AdS_6$ background. We explain the noncritical holography model and obtain the vector-meson spectrum and pion decay constant. Also, we study the NN interaction in this frame and calculate the nucleon-meson coupling constants. A further topic covered is a toy model for calculating the light nuclei potential. In particular, we calculate the light nuclei binding energies and also excited energies of some available excited states. We compare our results with the results of other nuclear models and also with the experimental data. Moreover, we describe some other issues which are studied using the gauge-gravity duality.

  8. 288 Int. J. Nuclear Energy Science and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2013 Multi-physics modelling of nuclear reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demazière, Christophe

    288 Int. J. Nuclear Energy Science and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2013 Multi-physics modelling practices in a nutshell', Int. J. Nuclear Energy Science and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp.288 Energy and Nuclear Applications', Göteborg, Sweden, 13­14 October 2011 Copyright © 2013 Inderscience

  9. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 474 (2001) 273284 Optimal coded aperture patterns for improved SNR in nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schettini, Raimondo

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 474 (2001) 273≠284 Optimal coded aperture patterns for improved SNR in nuclear medicine imaging Roberto Accorsia , Francesca Gasparinib , Richard C. Lanzaa, * a Nuclear Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Room NW13-221, 77

  10. Problemi di Ricerca relativi all'uso di ICT e Tecnologie Didattiche (TD) nella Ricerca in Didattica della Fisica Elena Sassi Dip. Scienze Fisiche Universit "Federico II" Napoli sassi@na.infn.it

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    della Fisica (PER) Elena Sassi Dip. Scienze Fisiche Università "Federico II" Napoli sassi@na.infn.it ALCUNE NOTE SULLA PRESENTAZIONE DEL 19/06/2006 Pg 1 Alla ricerca in didattica della fisica (Physics; problemi attuali da risolvere; ... Le ricerche in didattica della fisica sono iniziate una quarantina di

  11. Physics of Nuclear Medicine Polytechnic Institute of NYU, Brooklyn, NY 11201

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suel, Torsten

    to undergo radioactive decay, which gives off energy and results in a more stable nucleus #12;EL5823 NuclearPhysics of Nuclear Medicine Yao Wang Polytechnic Institute of NYU, Brooklyn, NY 11201 Based on J. L are from the textbook. #12;EL5823 Nuclear Physics Yao Wang, Polytechnic U., Brooklyn 2 Lecture Outline

  12. Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health Physics Program Outcomes Ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health Physics Program Outcomes · Ability to apply knowledge for engineering practice · Ability to apply knowledge of atomic and nuclear physics to nuclear and radiological of mathematics, science, and engineering · Ability to design and conduct experiments as well as analyze

  13. Pyroelectric Crystal Accelerator In The Department Of Physics And Nuclear Engineering At West Point

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Pyroelectric Crystal Accelerator In The Department Of Physics And Nuclear Engineering At West Point , Yaron Danonc , Brian Morettia , and Jeffrey Muskb a Department of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, United States Military Academy, West Point, NY 10996 b Nuclear Science and Engineering Research Center

  14. The r-process nucleosynthesis: Nuclear physics challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goriely, S. [Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles Campus de la Plaine, CP 226, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    About half of the nuclei heavier than iron observed in nature are produced by the socalled rapid neutron capture process, or r-process, of nucleosynthesis. The identification of the astrophysics site and the specific conditions in which the r-process takes place remains, however, one of the still-unsolved mysteries of modern astrophysics. Another underlying difficulty associated with our understanding of the r-process concerns the uncertainties in the predictions of nuclear properties for the few thousands exotic neutron-rich nuclei involved and for which essentially no experimental data exist. The present contribution emphasizes some important future challenges faced by nuclear physics in this problem, particularly in the determination of the nuclear structure properties of exotic neutron-rich nuclei as well as their radiative neutron capture rates and their fission probabilities. These quantities are particularly relevant to determine the composition of the matter resulting from the r-process. Their impact on the r-abundance distribution resulting from the decompression of neutron star matter is discussed.

  15. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 499 (2003) 437468 The BRAHMS experiment at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 499 (2003) 437­468 The BRAHMS experiment, USA f H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krak!ow, Poland g Cyclotron Institute, Texas A. Wadag , J. Westergaardb , A. Wielocha , I.S. Zgurad a M. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian

  16. Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics 73 (2013) 134 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcdonough, William F.

    Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics 73 (2013) 1­34 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/ppnp Review Geo field between Geology and Physics: the study of the Earth's geo-neutrino flux. We describe competing

  17. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxon, D.S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STRUCTURE OF NUCLEAR REACTION INDUCED BY LOW ENERGY DEUTERONin the nuclear reaction induced by low energy deuteron on

  18. Mini-Proceedings ECT*: Speakable in quantum mechanics: atomic, nuclear and subnuclear physics tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Curceanu; J. Marton; E. Milotti

    2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Mini-Proceedings ECT*: Speakable in quantum mechanics: atomic, nuclear and subnuclear physics tests, ECT*-Trento, 29 August - 2 September, 2011

  19. Investigating Biological Matter with Theoretical Nuclear Physics Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pietro Faccioli

    2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The internal dynamics of strongly interacting systems and that of biomolecules such as proteins display several important analogies, despite the huge difference in their characteristic energy and length scales. For example, in all such systems, collective excitations, cooperative transitions and phase transitions emerge as the result of the interplay of strong correlations with quantum or thermal fluctuations. In view of such an observation, some theoretical methods initially developed in the context of theoretical nuclear physics have been adapted to investigate the dynamics of biomolecules. In this talk, we review some of our recent studies performed along this direction. In particular, we discuss how the path integral formulation of the molecular dynamics allows to overcome some of the long-standing problems and limitations which emerge when simulating the protein folding dynamics at the atomistic level of detail.

  20. The Institute for Nuclear and Particle Physics at the Department of Physics in the Faculty of Science has the following immediate openings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    experi- mental methods of nuclear physics (e.g. the neutrinoless double beta decay or the direct search

  1. RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCE G.I. BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCE G.I. BUDKER INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS SIBERIAN BRANCH I.I. Averbukh.V. Shikhovtseva,b a Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics b Novosibirsk State University 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia- tained during the ion source testing. 70 mA, 50 keV .. , .. , .. a,b , .. a,b , .. a

  2. Nuclear Physics from QCD : The Anticipated Impact of Exa-Scale Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin J. Savage

    2010-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    I discuss highlights in the progress that is being made toward calculating processes of importance in nuclear physics from QCD using high performance computing. As exa-scale computing resources are expected to become available around 2017, I present current estimates of the computational resources required to accomplish central goals of nuclear physics.

  3. ELSEYIER Nuclear Physics A73 1 (2004) 3 19-326 www.elsevier.comilocate/npe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomorski, Krzysztof

    ELSEYIER Nuclear Physics A73 1 (2004) 3 19-326 www.elsevier.comilocate/npe Evidence for the JacobiThe Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Siences, Radzikowskiego 152, PL-31342 Krakow The y-rays from the decay of the GDR in the compound nucleus reaction 1sO+28Si at bombarding enery

  4. Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerber, Richard A.; Wasserman, Harvey J.

    2012-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    IThe National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is the primary computing center for the DOE Office of Science, serving approximately 4,000 users and hosting some 550 projects that involve nearly 700 codes for a wide variety of scientific disciplines. In addition to large-scale computing resources NERSC provides critical staff support and expertise to help scientists make the most efficient use of these resources to advance the scientific mission of the Office of Science. In May 2011, NERSC, DOEís Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) and DOEís Office of Nuclear Physics (NP) held a workshop to characterize HPC requirements for NP research over the next three to five years. The effort is part of NERSCís continuing involvement in anticipating future user needs and deploying necessary resources to meet these demands. The workshop revealed several key requirements, in addition to achieving its goal of characterizing NP computing. The key requirements include: 1. Larger allocations of computational resources at NERSC; 2. Visualization and analytics support; and 3. Support at NERSC for the unique needs of experimental nuclear physicists. This report expands upon these key points and adds others. The results are based upon representative samples, called ďcase studies,Ē of the needs of science teams within NP. The case studies were prepared by NP workshop participants and contain a summary of science goals, methods of solution, current and future computing requirements, and special software and support needs. Participants were also asked to describe their strategy for computing in the highly parallel, ďmulti-coreĒ environment that is expected to dominate HPC architectures over the next few years. The report also includes a section with NERSC responses to the workshop findings. NERSC has many initiatives already underway that address key workshop findings and all of the action items are aligned with NERSC strategic plans.

  5. http://arXiv.org/physics/0507088 Teaching About Nature's Nuclear Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Learned, John

    http://arXiv.org/physics/0507088 Teaching About Nature's Nuclear Reactors J. Marvin Herndon reactors existed in uranium deposits on Earth long before Enrico Fermi built the first man-made nuclear reactors. The subject of planetocentric nuclear fission reactors can be a jumping off point for stimulating

  6. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 87, 064608 (2013) Nuclear meson transparency in a relativistic Glauber model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    interactions (FSI) between the tagged hadron and the nuclear environment vanish. The SSC can also be produced be of the order of the nuclear radius (lf RA). Observation of the onset of CT at a certain energy scale can teach traditional nuclear-physics calculations. The measurement of the onset and magnitude of the CT effect allows

  7. Nuclear Physics A471 (1987) 604-612 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Wolfgang

    Nuclear Physics A471 (1987) 604-612 North-Holland, Amsterdam LIGHT PARTICLE CORRELATIONS IN HEAVY of the importance of this conservation law for light particle correlations. In this paper we modify the equations-body limit yields a nuclear matter binding energy of -15.75 MeV, saturates at p = po, and yields a nuclear

  8. Nuclear Physics A452 (19X6) 699-722 V'North-Holland Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Wolfgang

    Nuclear Physics A452 (19X6) 699-722 V'North-Holland Publishing Company THE NUCLEAR LATTICE MODEL the essential features of the mass-yield curves, such as their U-shape and their power-law dependence for low. Introduction The production of complex fragments in nuclear collisions at intermediate and high energies

  9. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 76, 054603 (2007) Zipf's law in nuclear multifragmentation and percolation theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Wolfgang

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C 76, 054603 (2007) Zipf's law in nuclear multifragmentation and percolation theory investigate the average sizes of the n largest fragments in nuclear multifragmentation events near the critical point of the nuclear matter phase diagram. We perform analytic calculations employing Poisson

  10. Nuclear Physics A531 (1991) 253-284 North-Holland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seevinck, Michiel

    Nuclear Physics A531 (1991) 253-284 North-Holland F E ATIO SINGLE-PARTICLE STRENGTH A E VA SHELL with what is expected from depletions calculated in infinite nuclear matter. Inclusion of higher order terms interacting Fermi systems. The interest in nuclear spectral functions has been revived by recent accurate (,e

  11. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 72, 025806 (2005) Nuclear fusion in dense matter: Reaction rate and carbon burning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C 72, 025806 (2005) Nuclear fusion in dense matter: Reaction rate and carbon August 2005) In this paper we analyze the nuclear fusion rates among equal nuclei for all five different nuclear burning regimes in dense matter (two thermonuclear regimes, two pycnonuclear ones

  12. Oregon State University Department of Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health Physics NeutronSpring 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    THE Oregon State University Department of Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health Physics Neutron's Study Abroad Program. Arnold will earn a B.S. in Nuclear Engineering with a minor in French when she graduates this spring. INSIDE Why would a nuclear engineering student add a French minor to an already

  13. PHYSICS AND ENGINEERING OF NUCLEAR REACTORS AT THE ECOLE NATIONALE SUPRIEURE DE PHYSIQUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    PHYSICS AND ENGINEERING OF NUCLEAR REACTORS AT THE ECOLE NATIONALE SUP√?RIEURE DE PHYSIQUE DE IV International Forum. The Energy and Nuclear Engineering (GEN) curriculum of the Ecole Nationale. The objective is to train engineers who shall master not only nuclear engineering for the production

  14. Thin-thick hydrogen target for nuclear physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gheller, J.-M.; Juster, F.-P.; Authelet, G. [CEA Saclay, Irfu/SACM, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette cedex (France); Vinyar, I. [PELIN Limited Liability Company 27 A, Gzhatskaya Str, office 103 St. Petersbourg 195220 (Russian Federation); Relland, J. [CEA Saclay, Irfu/SIS, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette cedex (France); Commeaux, C. [Institut de Physique Nuclťaire, campus Universitaire-Bat 103, 91406 Orsay cedex (France)

    2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In spectroscopic studies of unstable nuclei, hydrogen targets are of key importance. The CHyMENE Project aims to provide to the nuclear physics community a thin and pure solid windowless hydrogen or deuterium target. CHyMENE project must respond to this request for the production of solid Hydrogen. The solid hydrogen target is produced in a continuous flow (1 cm/s) by an extrusion technique (developed with the PELIN laboratory) in a vacuum chamber. The shape of the target is determined by the design of the nozzle at the extrusion process. For the purpose, the choice is a rectangular shape with a width of 10 mm and a thickness in the range of 30-50 microns necessary for the physics objectives. The cryostat is equipped with a GM Cryocooler with sufficient power for the solidification of the hydrogen in the lower portion of the extruder. In the higher part of the cryostat, the hydrogen gas is first liquefied and partially solidified. It is then compressed at 100 bars in the cooled extruder before expulsion of the film through the nozzle at the center of the reaction vacuum chamber. After the previous step, the solid hydrogen ribbon falls by gravity into a dedicated chamber where it sublimes and the gas is pumped and evacuated in a exhaust line. This paper deals with the design of the cryostat with its equipment, with the sizing of the thermal bridge (Aluminum and copper), with the results regarding the contact resistance as well as with the vacuum computations of the reaction and recovery hydrogen gas chambers.

  15. computational infrastructure for nuclear astrophysics Michael Smith, Physics Division, Oak Ridge Na:onal Lab coordinator@nucastrodata.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    computational infrastructure for nuclear astrophysics Michael Smith, Physics Division, Oak Ridge Na:onal Lab coordinator@nucastrodata.org #12;computational infrastructure for nuclear astrophysics system overview ·work with nuclear information, reaction rates, & simulations ·operates "in

  16. JET Papers Presented at International Atomic Energy Agency 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Papers Presented at International Atomic Energy Agency 10th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Research

  17. Nuclear Physics Science Network Requirements Workshop, May 2008 - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tierney, Ed., Brian L; Dart, Ed., Eli; Carlson, Rich; Dattoria, Vince; Ernest, Michael; Hitchcock, Daniel; Johnston, William; Kowalski, Andy; Lauret, Jerome; Maguire, Charles; Olson, Douglas; Purschke, Martin; Rai, Gulshan; Watson, Chip; Vale, Carla

    2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States of America. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In May 2008, ESnet and the Nuclear Physics (NP) Program Office of the DOE Office of Science organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by the NP Program Office. Most of the key DOE sites for NP related work will require significant increases in network bandwidth in the 5 year time frame. This includes roughly 40 Gbps for BNL, and 20 Gbps for NERSC. Total transatlantic requirements are on the order of 40 Gbps, and transpacific requirements are on the order of 30 Gbps. Other key sites are Vanderbilt University and MIT, which will need on the order of 20 Gbps bandwidth to support data transfers for the CMS Heavy Ion program. In addition to bandwidth requirements, the workshop emphasized several points in regard to science process and collaboration. One key point is the heavy reliance on Grid tools and infrastructure (both PKI and tools such as GridFTP) by the NP community. The reliance on Grid software is expected to increase in the future. Therefore, continued development and support of Grid software is very important to the NP science community. Another key finding is that scientific productivity is greatly enhanced by easy researcher-local access to instrument data. This is driving the creation of distributed repositories for instrument data at collaborating institutions, along with a corresponding increase in demand for network-based data transfers and the tools to manage those transfers effectively. Network reliability is also becoming more important as there is often a narrow window between data collection and data archiving when transfer and analysis can be done. The instruments do not stop producing data, so extended network outages can result in data loss due to analysis pipeline stalls. Finally, as the scope of collaboration continues to increase, collaboration tools such as audio and video conferencing are becoming ever more critical to the productivity of scientific collaborations.

  18. MRI: Acquisition of a computing cluster for nuclear physics and astrophysics research at the University of Richmond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    MRI: Acquisition of a computing cluster for nuclear physics and astrophysics research, 23173 USA January 25, 2007 1 #12;2 Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Nuclear Physics 1 2.1 Out.5 Role of Senior Personnel in Nuclear Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3

  19. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 544 (2005) 171178 Simulation of long-distance beam propagation in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilson, Erik

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 544 (2005) 171­178 Simulation of long. Davidson, Philip C. Efthimion, Richard Majeski, Edward A. Startsev Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, spallation neutron sources, high energy and nuclear physics experiments, and nuclear ARTICLE IN PRESS www

  20. A program in Medium-Energy Nuclear Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, B.L.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses research on the following topics: single electron scattering; coincidence electron scattering; photonuclear reactions; pion scattering; and the GWU nuclear detector. (LSP).

  1. A program in Medium-Energy Nuclear Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, B.L.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses research on the following topics: single electron scattering; coincidence electron scattering; photonuclear reactions; pion scattering; and the GWU nuclear detector. (LSP).

  2. Nuclear Physics B264 (1986) 487-492 North-Holland Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Nuclear Physics B264 (1986) 487-492 © North-Holland Publishing Company GRAVITON PRODUCTION law or any other form of inflation [4]. The gravitational waves can also affect pulsar timing

  3. Nuclear Physics B296 (1988) 710-716 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Nuclear Physics B296 (1988) 710-716 North-Holland, Amsterdam INTEGRAL CONSTRAINTS IN GENERAL with boundary 3 G. Eq. (4) is a general-relativistic analogue of Gauss' law. This sort of relation between

  4. Nuclear Physics B244 (1984) 541-548 North-Holland Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Nuclear Physics B244 (1984) 541-548 © North-Holland Publishing Company CONSTRAINTS ON GENERALIZED inflationary cosmologies. Models with power law inflation (R ~ P') are considered in detail and the maximum

  5. Physics of Nuclear Reactors, March,21 2011 What do we know ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Dr. Danon Physics of Nuclear Reactors, March,21 2011 #12;What do we know ? All the information we have is from the media. More reliable; nuclear related information: www.nei.org www.iaea.org THE REST IS INTERPRETATION OF THIS DATA #12;BWR Reactor (Mark I containment) #12;BWR containment in more

  6. Nuclear Physics A 781 (2007) 317341 Symmetry energies, pairing energies, and mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Nuclear Physics A 781 (2007) 317­341 Symmetry energies, pairing energies, and mass equations J of the respective mass equation since symmetry energies are related to the curvature of the nuclear mass surface and pairing energies of atomic nuclei are related to the differences between the excitation energies

  7. www.physicstoday.org November 2012 Physics Today 59 Nuclear energy can provide great

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    www.physicstoday.org November 2012 Physics Today 59 Nuclear energy can provide great The Nuclear on keeping costs and book length in check. For example, most of the graphics use gray- scale, with only a few pages in the cen- ter providing color plates. In addition, in many places additional graphics could have

  8. A program in medium-energy nuclear physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, B.L.; Dhuga, K.S.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following topics: electron-scattering nuclear-structure studies; coincidence electrodisintegration studies of light nuclei; pion scattering and reactions on the three-body nuclei; and pion scattering from shell-model nuclei.

  9. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 559 (2006) 207210 High precision numerical accuracy in physics research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villard, Gilles

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 559 (2006) 207≠210 High precision numerical by physicists. However, current com- puters are able to perform billions of FP operations each second, and some in the near future. They are reviewed in Section 3, with an evaluation of their performance overhead

  10. Nuclear Data Measurements for 21st Century Reactor Physics Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rahmat Aryaeinejad; Jerald D. Cole; Mark W. Drigert; James K. Jewell; Christopher A. McGrath; David W. Nigg; Edward L. Reber

    2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) has embarked on a long-term program to significantly advance the science and technology of nuclear energy. This is in response to the overall national plan for accelerated development of domestic energy resources on several fronts, punctuated by recent dramatic events that have emphasized the need for the US to reduce its dependence on foreign petroleum supplies. Key aspects of the DOE-NE agenda are embodied in the Generation-IV (Gen-IV) advanced nuclear energy systems development program and in the Advanced Fuel Cycle (AFC) program. The planned efforts involve near-term and intermediate-term improvements in fuel utilization and recycling in current nuclear power reactor systems as well as the longer-term development of new nuclear energy systems that offer much improved fuel utilization and proliferation resistance, along with continued advances in operational safety. The success of the overall NE effort will depend not only on sophisticated system development and engineering, but also on the advances in the supporting sciences and technologies. Of these, one of the most important is the improvement of the relevant fundamental nuclear science data bases, especially the evaluated neutron interaction cross section files that serve as the foundation of all reactor system designs, operating strategies, and fuel cycle engineering activities. The new concepts for reactors and fuel cycles involve the use of transuranic nuclides that were previously of little interest, and where experimentally measured information is lacking. The current state of the cross section database for some of these nuclides is such that design computations for advanced fast-spectrum reactor systems and fuel cycles that incorporate such materials in significant quantities are meaningful only for approximate conceptual applications. No actual system could reliably be designed according to currently accepted standards, nor could such a system be safely and efficiently operated, with the limited nuclear data and related information now available.

  11. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS G: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 32 (2006) S61S68 doi:10.1088/0954-3899/32/12/S07

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS G: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS J. Phys. G: Nucl of longitudinal dynamics at RHIC J H Lee (for the BRAHMS Collaboration1 ) Physics Department, Brookhaven NationalQGP', that we have searched for. In order to characterize the nature of the created nuclear (partonic

  12. Accelerating Ab Initio Nuclear Physics Calculations with GPUs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hugh Potter; Dossay Oryspayev; Pieter Maris; Masha Sosonkina; James Vary; Sven Binder; Angelo Calci; Joachim Langhammer; Robert Roth; ‹mit «atalyŁrek; Erik Saule

    2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes some applications of GPU acceleration in ab initio nuclear structure calculations. Specifically, we discuss GPU acceleration of the software package MFDn, a parallel nuclear structure eigensolver. We modify the matrix construction stage to run partly on the GPU. On the Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, this produces a speedup of approximately 2.2x - 2.7x for the matrix construction stage and 1.2x - 1.4x for the entire run.

  13. Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research | National Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNational Nuclear SecurityNationalApply for Our Jobs / How toNuclear SecuritySecurity

  14. Nuclear Many-Body Physics Where Structure And Reactions Meet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naureen Ahsan; Alexander Volya

    2009-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The path from understanding a simple reaction problem of scattering or tunneling to contemplating the quantum nuclear many-body system, where structure and continuum of reaction-states meet, overlap and coexist, is a complex and nontrivial one. In this presentation we discuss some of the intriguing aspects of this route.

  15. Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    role increasing the ``cold fusion'' probability in electronic molecules whose nuclear constituents have. Therefore, widths of such resonances giving a probability of a fusion of the nu­ clear constituents for the molecules LiD and H 2 O. There exists also a well­known exam­ ple [?] of muon catalyzed fusion of deuteron

  16. TEI Piraeus students' knowledge on the beneficial applications of nuclear physics: Nuclear energy, radioactivity - consequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilakouta, Mirofora

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent nuclear accident in Japan revealed the confusion and the inadequate knowledge of the citizens about the issues of nuclear energy, nuclear applications, radioactivity and their consequences In this work we present the first results of an ongoing study which aims to evaluate the knowledge and the views of Greek undergraduate students on the above issues. A web based survey was conducted and 131 students from TEI Piraeus answered a multiple choice questionnaire with questions of general interest on nuclear energy, nuclear applications, radioactivity and their consequences. The survey showed that students, like the general population, have a series of faulty views on general interest nuclear issues. Furthermore, the first results indicate that our educational system is not so effective as source of information on these issues in comparison to the media and internet

  17. Nuclear physics information needed for accelerator driven transmutation of nuclear waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lisowski, P.W.; Bowman, C.D.; Arthur, E.D.; Young, P.G.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is renewed interest in using accelerator driven neutron sources to address the problem of high-level long-lived nuclear waste. Several laboratories have developed systems that may have a significant impact on the future use of nuclear power, adding options for dealing with long-lived actinide wastes and fission products, and for power production. This paper describes a new Los Alamos concept using thermal neutrons and examines the nuclear data requirements. 7 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  18. PHYSICS OF NUCLEAR REACTORS Nuclear reactions and cross sections 1-10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    neutron wavelength, D is given by: cE mM Mm 2 + = h D , (1.22) 1 Bell and Glasstone, Nuclear Reactor

  19. July 20 2011 Roma Aldo Morselli, INFN Roma Tor Vergata 1 Aldo Morselli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morselli, Aldo

    solar flare) · # Autonomous Repoint Requests (ARR):58 · Highest-z LAT GRB: 4.35 · Highest-energy photon Aldo Morselli, INFN Roma Tor Vergata 18 DAQ Electronics Grid Tracker Calorimeter ACD Thermal BlanketAnticoincidence Shield Silicon Tracker tower 18 planes of X Y silicon detectors + converters 12 trays with 2.5% R

  20. Scineghe08 8-11/10/08 Aldo Morselli, INFN Roma Tor Vergata 1 Aldo Morselli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morselli, Aldo

    Dark Matter from Space #12;Scineghe08 8-11/10/08 Aldo Morselli, INFN Roma Tor Vergata 2 Dark Energy 76% CDM Baryons 4%Cold Dark Matter 20% Dark Matter in the era of precision cosmology CDM ~ 5 b #12: primary spectra injection index implemented in Galprop ( Strong & Moskalenko, available on the Web) #12

  1. Nuclear Science and Technology, November 2000. NEUTRON CROSS SECTION EVALUATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear Science and Technology, November 2000. 1 NEUTRON CROSS SECTION EVALUATIONS FOR 238 U UP and Power Engineering, 249020 Obninsk, Russia A.Ventura ENEA, Nuclear Data Center and INFN, Bologna Section of the statistical description that includes direct, pre-equilibrium and equilibrium mechanisms of nuclear reactions

  2. NNSA conducts second seismic source physics experiment | National Nuclear

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | National Nuclear Security AdministrationSecurity

  3. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 542 (2005) 134141 Study of water distribution and transport in a polymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 542 (2005) 134­141 Study of water has been developed at the Penn State Breazeale Nuclear Reactor. Neutron images allow us to visualize

  4. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 533 (2004) 612 Erratum to ``Dead time and pileup in pulsed parametric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 533 (2004) 612 Erratum Erratum to ``Dead time Danon√?, Bryndol Sones, Robert Block Department of Mechanical Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering

  5. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A ] (

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the '80s by Fiorini and Niinikoski for searching rare events like neutrinoless double beta decay (bb-0n.60.Pq; 29.40.Vj; 95.35.√ĺd; 7.20.Mc Keywords: Cryogenic detectors; Neutrino mass; Neutrinoless double beta decay; Dark matter; WIMPs; Fundamental physics 1. Introduction Cryogenic detectors were proposed

  6. Probing particle and nuclear physics models of neutrinoless double beta decay with different nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. M. Rotunno

    2009-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Half-life estimates for neutrinoless double beta decay depend on particle physics models for lepton flavor violation, as well as on nuclear physics models for the structure and transitions of candidate nuclei. Different models considered in the literature can be contrasted - via prospective data - with a "standard" scenario characterized by light Majorana neutrino exchange and by the quasiparticle random phase approximation, for which the theoretical covariance matrix has been recently estimated. We show that, assuming future half-life data in four promising nuclei (Ge-76, Se-82, Te-130, and Xe-136), the standard scenario can be distinguished from a few nonstandard physics models, while being compatible with alternative state-of-the-art nuclear calculations (at 95% C.L.). Future signals in different nuclei may thus help to discriminate at least some decay mechanisms, without being spoiled by current nuclear uncertainties. Prospects for possible improvements are also discussed.

  7. Probing particle and nuclear physics models of neutrinoless double beta decay with different nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fogli, G. L.; Rotunno, A. M. [Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica 'Michelangelo Merlin', Via Amendola 173, 70126 Bari (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari (Italy); Lisi, E. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari (Italy)

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Half-life estimates for neutrinoless double beta decay depend on particle physics models for lepton-flavor violation, as well as on nuclear physics models for the structure and transitions of candidate nuclei. Different models considered in the literature can be contrasted - via prospective data - with a 'standard' scenario characterized by light Majorana neutrino exchange and by the quasiparticle random phase approximation, for which the theoretical covariance matrix has been recently estimated. We show that, assuming future half-life data in four promising nuclei ({sup 76}Ge, {sup 82}Se, {sup 130}Te, and {sup 136}Xe), the standard scenario can be distinguished from a few nonstandard physics models, while being compatible with alternative state-of-the-art nuclear calculations (at 95% C.L.). Future signals in different nuclei may thus help to discriminate at least some decay mechanisms, without being spoiled by current nuclear uncertainties. Prospects for possible improvements are also discussed.

  8. LANL | Physics | Nuclear Weapons and Global Security Data Analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathanMultimaterial2Recovery ActNuclear Weapons and Global

  9. SciTech Connect: Nuclear Physics: The Ultracold Neutron Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) Sr (2) Ca (2) CuFuture(and other)EmissionNovel Solvent

  10. Physics and Engineering Models | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxfordVeteransAdministrationPhysical Security Systemsand

  11. Charged particle assisted nuclear reactions in solid state environment: renaissance of low energy nuclear physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KŠlmŠn, Pťter

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The features of electron assisted neutron exchange processes in crystalline solids are survayed. It is stated that, contrary to expectations, the cross section of these processes may reach an observable magnitude even in the very low energy case because of the extremely huge increment caused by the Coulomb factor of the electron assisted processes and by the effect of the crystal-lattice. The features of electron assisted heavy charged particle exchange processes, electron assisted nuclear capure processes and heavy charged particle assisted nuclear processes are also overviewed. Experimental observations, which may be related to our theoretical findings, are dealt with. The anomalous screening phenomenon is related to electron assisted neutron and proton exchange processes in crystalline solids. A possible explanation of observations by Fleischmann and Pons is presented. The possibility of the phenomenon of nuclear transmutation is qualitatively explained with the aid of usual and charged particle assisted r...

  12. w x Z .Nuclear Physics B 570 FS 2000 525589 www.elsevier.nlrlocaternpe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Paul A.

    w x Z .Nuclear Physics B 570 FS 2000 525­589 www.elsevier.nlrlocaternpe Boundary conditions emphasizing the role of a triplet of algebras: the Verlinde, graph fusion and Pasquier algebras. We show the current Z .status for WZW sl 3 theories. Finally, a systematic generalisation of the formalism of Cardy

  13. NETWORKING FOR HIGH ENERGY AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS AS GLOBAL E-SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    an overview of the status and outlook for the world's research networks, technology advances, and the problemNETWORKING FOR HIGH ENERGY AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS AS GLOBAL E-SCIENCE Harvey B Newman, California are vital for every phase of high energy physicists' work. Our bandwidth usage, and the typical capacity

  14. Nuclear Physics A 635 (1998) 4701483 Boson forbidden low-energy E1-transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ponomarev, Vladimir

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear Physics A 635 (1998) 4701483 Boson forbidden low-energy E1-transitions in spherical nuclei; accepted 23 March 1998 Abstract Low-energy E1-transitions in spherical nuclei forbidden in the ideal boson.V. PACS: 21.60.-n; 21.60.Jz; 23.20.-g Keywords: Low-energy E1-transitions; Fermion structure of phonons

  15. Nuclear Physics A 757 (2005) 127 Quarkgluon plasma and color glass condensate at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear Physics A 757 (2005) 1­27 Quark­gluon plasma and color glass condensate at RHIC hadronic and partonic matter produced in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions at RHIC. A particular focus, the so-called quark­gluon plasma (QGP). We also discuss evidence for a possible precursor state

  16. Nuclear Physics A 717 (2003) 199213 www.elsevier.com/locate/npe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    nucleus C.A. Bertulani , P. Danielewicz National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State: bertulani@nscl.msu.edu (C.A. Bertulani), danielewicz@nscl.msu.edu (P. Danielewicz). 0375-9474/03/$ ­ see;200 C.A. Bertulani, P. Danielewicz / Nuclear Physics A 717 (2003) 199­213 Under some circumstances

  17. Elsevier Editorial System(tm) for Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A Manuscript Draft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frisch, Henry

    Elsevier Editorial System(tm) for Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A Manuscript DraftD; Henry J Frisch, PhD; Stephen Mrenna, PhD Abstract: We investigate the impact of theoretical on the predicted jet energies. The distributions produced at the CDF environment are intended for comparison

  18. LOW-ENERGY NUCLEAR PHYSICS NATIONAL HPC INITIATIVE: BUILDING A UNIVERSAL NUCLEAR ENERGY DENSITY FUNCTIONAL (UNEDF)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bulgac, A

    2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a summary of the physics research carried out by the University of Washington centered group. Attached are reports for the previous years as well as the full exit report of the entire UNEDF collaboration.

  19. Nuclear Physics: A Key Ingredient in Astrophysical Modeling F.-K. Thielemann, D. Argast, F. Brachwitz, J.L. Fisker, C. Frohlich, R. Hirschi, E.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rauscher, Thomas

    1 Nuclear Physics: A Key Ingredient in Astrophysical Modeling F.-K. Thielemann, D. Argast, F of Physics & Astronomy, Univ. of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland Nuclear physics. In this review we will survey how these aspects of nuclear physics enter the modeling of astrophysical objects. 1

  20. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 467468 (2001) 202205 Control and data acquisition systems for high field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozak, Victor R.

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 467­468 (2001) 202­205 Control and data, Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics of SBRAS, Lavrentyeva 11, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia Abstract for installation at Bessy-II (Germany). The second one controls a 10 T wiggler which is under testing now

  1. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 478 (2002) 158162 Study of high-pressure hydrogen-operated wire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammel, Peter

    diameter, 1 mm wire spacing. Anode­cathode gaps: 3:5 mm The chambers were tested in a vessel filledNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 478 (2002) 158­162 Study of high. Sorokaa , A.A. Vorobyova , N.I. Voropaeva a High Energy Physics Division (HEPD), Petersburg Nuclear

  2. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 554 (2005) 494499 Micro-pocket fission detectors (MPFD) for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shultis, J. Kenneth

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 554 (2005) 494­499 Micro-pocket fission, A.S.M. Sabbir Ahmed, J. Kenneth Shultis S.M.A.R.T. Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear and tested as in-core flux monitors in the 250 kW TRIGA nuclear reactor at Kansas State University

  3. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 503 (2003) 276278 Neutrino studies in nuclei and intense neutrino sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 503 (2003) 276­278 Neutrino studies in nuclei interactions. Nuclear responses for neutrinos are crucial for neutrino studies in nuclei. The responses, which are mainly nuclear spin isospin responses, are studied indirectly by charge exchange hadronic reactions

  4. Charged particle assisted nuclear reactions in solid state environment: renaissance of low energy nuclear physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pťter KŠlmŠn; TamŠs Keszthelyi

    2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The features of electron assisted neutron exchange processes in crystalline solids are survayed. It is stated that, contrary to expectations, the cross section of these processes may reach an observable magnitude even in the very low energy case because of the extremely huge increment caused by the Coulomb factor of the electron assisted processes and by the effect of the crystal-lattice. The features of electron assisted heavy charged particle exchange processes, electron assisted nuclear capure processes and heavy charged particle assisted nuclear processes are also overviewed. Experimental observations, which may be related to our theoretical findings, are dealt with. The anomalous screening phenomenon is related to electron assisted neutron and proton exchange processes in crystalline solids. A possible explanation of observations by Fleischmann and Pons is presented. The possibility of the phenomenon of nuclear transmutation is qualitatively explained with the aid of usual and charged particle assisted reactions. The electron assisted neutron exchange processes in pure $Ni$ and $Li-Ni$ composite systems (in the Rossi-type E-Cat) are analyzed and it is concluded that these reactions may be responsible for recent experimental observations.

  5. UCLA Intermediate Energy Nuclear and Particle Physics Research: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B.M.K. Nefkens (Principal Investigator, ed.); J. Goetz; A. Lapik; M. Korolija; S. Prakhov; A. Starostin (ed.)

    2011-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This project covers the following research: (a) Investigations into the structure of the proton and neutron. This is done by investigating the different resonance states of nucleons with beams of tagged, polarized photons, linearly as well as circularly, incident on polarized hydrogen/deuterium targets and measuring the production of {pi}{sup #25;0}, 2{pi}{sup #25;}0, 3{pi}{sup #25;0}, {eta}#17;, {eta}', {omega}, etc. The principal detector is the Crystal Ball multiphoton spectrometer which has an acceptance of nearly 4#25;. It has been moved to the MAMI accelerator facility of the University of Mainz, Germany. We investigate the conversion of electromagnetic energy into mesonic matter and conversely. (b) We investigate the consequences of applying the "standard" symmetries of isospin, G√ʬ?¬?parity, charge conjugation, C, P, T, and chirality using rare and forbidden decays of light mesons such as the {eta}#17;,{eta}' and {omega}. We also investigate the consequences of these symmetries being slightly broken symmetries. We do this by studying selected meson decays using the Crystal Ball detector. (c) We determine the mass, or more precisely the mass difference of the three light quarks (which are inputs to Quantum Chromodynamics) by measuring the decay rate of specially selected {eta}#17; and {eta}' decay modes, again we use the Crystal Ball. (d)We have started a new program to search for the 33 missing cascade baryons using the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson Laboratory. Cascade resonances are very special: they have double strangeness and are quite narrow. This implies that they can be discovered by the missing mass technique in photoproduction reactions such as in {gamma}p{yields}{Xi}{sup #4;√ʬ?¬?}K{sup +}K{sup +}. The cascade program is of particular importance for the upgrade to 12 GeV of the CLAS detector and for design of the Hall D at JLab. (e) Finally, we are getting more involved in a new program to measure the hadronic matter form factor of complex nuclei, in particular the "neutron skin" of {sup 208}Pb, which is of great interest to astroparticle physics for determining the properties of neutron stars. Processes of study are coherent and non√ʬ?¬?coherent #25;0 photoproduction. The Crystal Ball is uniquely suited for these studies because of the large acceptance, good direction and energy resolution and it is an inclusive detector for the #25;{pi}{sup 0} final state and exclusive for background such as 2#25;{pi}{sup 0}.

  6. Nuclear physics research at the University of Richmond. Progress report, November 1, 1994--October 31, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, M.F.; Gilfoyle, G.P.; Major, R.W.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Summarized in this report is the progress achieved during the period from November 1, 1994 to October 31, 1995. The experimental work described in this report is in electromagnetic and heavy-ion nuclear physics. The effort in electromagnetic nuclear physics is in preparation for the research program at the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) and is focused on the construction and use of the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The heavy-ion experiments were performed at the Argonne National Laboratory ATLAS facility and SUNY, Stony Brook. The physics interests driving these efforts at CEBAF are in the study of the structure, interactions, and nuclear-medium modifications of mesons and baryons. This year, an extension of the experiment to measure the magnetic form factor of the neutron was approved by the CEBAF Program Advisory Committee Nine (PAC9) for beam at 6 GeV. The authors also submitted updates to PAC9 on the experiments to measure inclusive {eta} photoproduction in nuclei and electroproduction of the {Lambda}, {Lambda}*(1520), and f{sub 0}(975). In addition to these experiments, the authors collaborated on a proposal to measure rare radiative decays of the {phi} meson which was also approved by PAC9. Their contributions to the construction of the CLAS include the development of the drift-chamber gas system, drift-chamber software, and controls software. Major has been leading the effort in the construction of the gas system. In the last year, the Hall B gas shed was constructed and the installation of the gas system components built at the University of Richmond has begun. Over the last six years, the efforts in low-energy heavy-ion physics have decreased due to the change in focus to electromagnetic nuclear physics at CEBAF. Most of the heavy-ion work is completed and there are now new experiments planned. Included in this report are two papers resulting from collaborations on heavy-ion experiments.

  7. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 90, 063412 (2014) Effect of nuclear vibration on high-order-harmonic generation of aligned H2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I

    PHYSICAL REVIEW A 90, 063412 (2014) Effect of nuclear vibration on high-order-harmonic generation of aligned H2 + molecules Dmitry A. Telnov,1,* John Heslar,2, and Shih-I Chu2,3, 1 Department of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg 198504, Russia 2 Department of Physics, Center for Quantum

  8. 46 March 2012 Physics Today www.physicstoday.org he kind of neutrinos emitted in nuclear beta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcdonough, William F.

    46 March 2012 Physics Today www.physicstoday.org T he kind of neutrinos emitted in nuclear beta of intriguing applications beyond fun- damental particle-physics research. Like all neutrinos, they're very begun providing valuable clues about the origin and thermal history of Earth (see PHYSICS TODAY

  9. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 155319 (2011) Nonequilibrium nuclear polarization and induced hyperfine and dipolar magnetic fields in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flatte, Michael E.

    PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 155319 (2011) Nonequilibrium nuclear polarization and induced hyperfine Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University, Fullerton, California 92835, USA 2 Department of Physics and Astronomy and Optical Science and Technology Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City

  10. Large-x connections of nuclear and high-energy physics

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Accardi, Alberto [Hampton U., JLAB

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I discuss how global QCD fits of parton distribution functions can make the somewhat separated fields of high-energy particle physics and lower energy hadronic and nuclear physics interact to the benefit of both. I review specific examples of this interplay from recent works of the CTEQ-Jefferson Lab collaboration, including hadron structure at large parton momentum and gauge boson production at colliders. I devote particular attention to quantifying theoretical uncertainties arising in the treatment of large partonic momentum contributions to deep inelastic scattering observables, and to discussing the experimental progress needed to reduce these.

  11. Final Report 10th Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshak, Marvin L. [University of Minnesota] [University of Minnesota

    2013-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The 10th Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics was held in LaJolla, California on May 26 to May 31, 2009. The Conference Proceedings are published by the American Institute of Physics in Volume 1182 of the AIP Conference Proceedings (ISBN: 978-0-7354-0723-7). The Proceedings include papers from each of the Conference Presenters and a detailed schedule of talks at the Conference. The Table of Contents of the Conference Proceedings is available at http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/proceeding/aipcp/1182. Support by the U.S. Department of Energy and by DOE Laboratories was essential to the success of the Conference.

  12. Theoretical studies in hadronic and nuclear physics. Progress report, December 1, 1992--June 30 , 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, J.J.; Cohen, T.D.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research in the Maryland Nuclear Theory Group focusses on problems in four basic areas of current relevance. The section on Hadrons in Nuclei reports research into the ways in which the properties of nucleons and the mesons which play a role in the nuclear force are modified in the nuclear medium. QCD sum rules supply a new insight into the decrease of the nucleon`s mass in the nuclear medium. The quark condensate decreases in nuclear matter, and this is responsible for the decrease of the nucleon`s mass. The section on the Structure of Hadrons reports progress in understanding the structure of the nucleon. These results cover widely different approaches -- lattice gauge calculations, QCD sum rules, quark-meson models with confinement and other hedgehog models. Progress in Relativistic Nuclear Physics is reported on electromagnetic interactions in a relativistic bound state formalism, with applications to elastic electron scattering by deuterium, and on application of a two-body quasipotential equation to calculate the spectrum of mesons formed as bound states of a quark and antiquark. A Lorentz-invariant description of the nuclear force suggests a decrease of the nucleon`s mass in the nuclear medium similar to that found from QCD sum rules. Calculations of three-body bound states with simple forms of relativistic dynamics are also discussed. The section on Heavy Ion Dynamics and Related Processes describes progress on the (e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}) problem and heavy-on dynamics. In particular, the sharp electrons observed in {beta}{sup +} irradiation of heavy atoms have recently been subsumed into the ``Composite Particle Scenario,`` generalizing the ``(e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}-Puzzle`` of the pairs from heavy ion collisions to the ``Sharp Lepton Problem.``

  13. Nuclear PhysicsB278(1986)721-737 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Hue Sun

    Nuclear PhysicsB278(1986)721-737 North-Holland, Amsterdam DIAGRAMMATIC EXPANSIONS FOR THE YANGSdinger equation with the Gauss' law constraint. However, his method involves certain ans~itze already at firstSdinger equation ~A~(x) 8A;(x~ +BT(x)BT(x) +.[AI = E,,+.[A] (:2.6) and the Gauss' law condition $ D~bz--z~+,[Al= 0

  14. Vol. 18, No. 3, 2008, Nuclear Physics News 3 The views expressed here do not represent the views and policies of NuPECC except where explicitly identified.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    editorial Vol. 18, No. 3, 2008, Nuclear Physics News 3 The views expressed here do not represent, nuclear physics seemed to be lacking in the theoretical tools required to go beyond a qualitative. Furthermore, rather than borrowing freely from related fields of research, nuclear physics drifted in the dol

  15. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 565 (2006) 543550 The timing system for the CDF electromagnetic calorimeters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toback, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the EMTiming system is optimized for searches for production of new particles that decay into high-energy. Miscettic , R. Wagnerd a Texas A&M University, USA b University of Chicago, USA c INFN-Frascati, Italy d). The system will be used in searches for rare events with high-energy photons to verify that the photon

  16. Colloquium: Majorana Fermions in nuclear, particle and solid-state physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. R. Elliott; M. Franz

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ettore Majorana (1906-1938) disappeared while traveling by ship from Palermo to Naples in 1938. His fate has never been fully resolved and several articles have been written that explore the mystery itself. His demise intrigues us still today because of his seminal work, published the previous year, that established symmetric solutions to the Dirac equation that describe a fermionic particle that is its own anti-particle. This work has long had a significant impact in neutrino physics, where this fundamental question regarding the particle remains unanswered. But the formalism he developed has found many uses as there are now a number of candidate spin-1/2 neutral particles that may be truly neutral with no quantum number to distinguish them from their anti-particles. If such particles exist, they will influence many areas of nuclear and particle physics. Most notably the process of neutrinoless double beta decay can only exist if neutrinos are massive Majorana particles. Hence, many efforts to search for this process are underway. Majorana's influence doesn't stop with particle physics, however, even though that was his original consideration. The equations he derived also arise in solid state physics where they describe electronic states in materials with superconducting order. Of special interest here is the class of solutions of the Majorana equation in one and two spatial dimensions at exactly zero energy. These Majorana zero modes are endowed with some remarkable physical properties that may lead to advances in quantum computing and, in fact, there is evidence that they have been experimentally observed. This review first summarizes the basics of Majorana's theory and its implications. It then provides an overview of the rich experimental programs trying to find a fermion that is its own anti-particle in nuclear, particle, and solid state physics.

  17. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A262 (1987) 353-358 353 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Souza, Romualdo T.

    UK D.B. SYME and G. HUXTABLE Nuclear Physics Division, AERE, Harwell, Oxfordshire, UK Received6 July of the detector was evaluated using the IBIS (intense bunched ion source) accelerator at AERE, Harwell

  18. GKTC ACTIVITIES TO PROVIDE NUCLEAR MATERIAL PHYSICAL PROTECTION, CONTROL AND ACCOUNTING TRAINING FOR 2011-2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romanova, Olena; Gavrilyuk, Victor I.; Kirischuk, Volodymyr; Gavrilyuk-Burakova, Anna; Diakov, Oleksii; Drapey, Sergiy; Proskurin, Dmitry; Dickman, Deborah A.; Ferguson, Ken

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The GKTC was created at the Kyiv Institute of Nuclear Research as a result of collaborative efforts between the United States and Ukraine. The GKTC has been designated by the Ukrainian Government to provide the MPC&A training and methodological assistance to nuclear facilities and nuclear specialists. In 2010 the GKTC has conducted the planned assessment of training needs of Ukrainian MPC&A specialists. The objective of this work is to acquire the detailed information about the number of MPC&A specialists and guard personnel, who in the coming years should receive the further advanced training. As a result of the performed training needs evaluation the GKTC has determined that in the coming years a number of new training courses need to be developed. Some training courses are already in the process of development. Also taking into account the specific of activity on the guarding of nuclear facilities, GKTC has begun to develop the specialized training courses for the guarding unit personnel. The evaluation of needs of training of Ukrainian specialists on the physical protection shows that without the technical base of learning is not possible to satisfy the needs of Ukrainian facilities, in particular, the need for further training of specialists who maintains physical protection technical means, provides vulnerability assessment and testing of technical means. To increase the training effectiveness and create the basis for specialized training courses holding the GKTC is now working on the construction of an Interior (non-classified) Physical Protection Training Site. The objective of this site is to simulate the actual conditions of the nuclear facility PP system including the complex of engineering and technical means that will help the GKTC training course participants to consolidate the knowledge and gain the practical skills in the work with PP system engineering and technical means for more effective performance of their official duties. This paper briefly describes the practical efforts applied to the provision of physical protection specialists advanced training in Ukraine and real results on the way to implement such efforts in 2011-2012.

  19. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 476 (2002) 565568 Bistable damage in neutron-irradiated silicon diodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavrtanik, Marko

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 476 (2002) 565­568 Bistable damage in neutronE15 kO cm) diodes was irradiated at room temperature with neutrons from a nuclear reactor to fluences about neutron spectrum, dosimetry and irradiation facility can be found elsewhere [9]. After

  20. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B28 (1987) 175-184 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghoniem, Nasr M.

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B28 (1987) 175-184 North-Holland, Amsterdam 175.M. GHONIEM Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering Department University of California, Los Angeles code uses both power-law cross sections and a newly developed solution to the scattering integral

  1. Some physical and biological properties of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of Heliothis zea (Boddie) and Heliothis virescens (Fabricius)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacFarlane, Johnny James

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University Directed by: Dr. L. L. Keeley Laboratory investi ations were conducted into so ie of the physical and biological properties of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus ("!PV) of Heliothis zea (Boddie) and Peiiothi s virescens (Fabricius). information... the ranges of shapes and. sizes reported f' or other insect nuclear viruses. In contrast, the strength of alkali and dis- solving period necessary to dissolve Heliothis nuclear polyhedra are somewhat higher than those reported for other insect polyhedra...

  2. Nuclear Double Beta Decay, Fundamental Particle Physics, Hot Dark Matter, And Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hans V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus; Irina V. Krivosheina

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear double beta decay, an extremely rare radioactive decay process, is - in one of its variants - one of the most exciting means of research into particle physics beyond the standard model. The large progress in sensitivity of experiments searching for neutrinoless double beta decay in the last two decades - based largely on the use of large amounts of enriched source material in "active source experiments" - has lead to the observation of the occurrence of this process in nature (on a 6.4 sigma level), with the largest half-life ever observed for a nuclear decay process (2.2 x 10^{25} y). This has fundamental consequences for particle physics - violation of lepton number, Majorana nature of the neutrino. These results are independent of any information on nuclear matrix elements (NME)*. It further leads to sharp restrictions for SUSY theories, sneutrino mass, right-handed W-boson mass, superheavy neutrino masses, compositeness, leptoquarks, violation of Lorentz invariance and equivalence principle in the neutrino sector. The masses of light-neutrinos are found to be degenerate, and to be at least 0.22 +- 0.02 eV. This fixes the contribution of neutrinos as hot dark matter to >=4.7% of the total observed dark matter. The neutrino mass determined might solve also the dark energy puzzle. *(It is briefly discussed how important NME for 0nubb decay really are.)

  3. A nuclear physics program at the Rare Isotope Beams Accelerator Facility in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moon, Chang-Bum, E-mail: cbmoon@hoseo.edu [Hoseo University, Asan, Chung-Nam 336-795 (Korea, Republic of)] [Hoseo University, Asan, Chung-Nam 336-795 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines the new physics possibilities that fall within the field of nuclear structure and astrophysics based on experiments with radioactive ion beams at the future Rare Isotope Beams Accelerator facility in Korea. This ambitious multi-beam facility has both an Isotope Separation On Line (ISOL) and fragmentation capability to produce rare isotopes beams (RIBs) and will be capable of producing and accelerating beams of wide range mass of nuclides with energies of a few to hundreds MeV per nucleon. The large dynamic range of reaccelerated RIBs will allow the optimization in each nuclear reaction case with respect to cross section and channel opening. The low energy RIBs around Coulomb barrier offer nuclear reactions such as elastic resonance scatterings, one or two particle transfers, Coulomb multiple-excitations, fusion-evaporations, and direct capture reactions for the study of the very neutron-rich and proton-rich nuclides. In contrast, the high energy RIBs produced by in-flight fragmentation with reaccelerated ions from the ISOL enable to explore the study of neutron drip lines in intermediate mass regions. The proposed studies aim at investigating the exotic nuclei near and beyond the nucleon drip lines, and to explore how nuclear many-body systems change in such extreme regions by addressing the following topics: the evolution of shell structure in areas of extreme proton to neutron imbalance; the study of the weak interaction in exotic decay schemes such as beta-delayed two-neutron or two-proton emission; the change of isospin symmetry in isobaric mirror nuclei at the drip lines; two protons or two neutrons radioactivity beyond the drip lines; the role of the continuum states including resonant states above the particle-decay threshold in exotic nuclei; and the effects of nuclear reaction rates triggered by the unbound proton-rich nuclei on nuclear astrophysical processes.

  4. BFS, a Legacy to the International Reactor Physics, Criticality Safety, and Nuclear Data Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Blair Briggs; Anatoly Tsibulya; Yevgeniy Rozhikhin

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interest in high-quality integral benchmark data is increasing as efforts to quantify and reduce calculational uncertainties accelerate to meet the demands of next generation reactor and advanced fuel cycle concepts. Two Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) activities, the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP), initiated in 1992, and the International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP), initiated in 2003, have been identifying existing integral experiment data, evaluating those data, and providing integral benchmark specifications for methods and data validation for nearly two decades. Thus far, 14 countries have contributed to the IRPhEP, and 20 have contributed to the ICSBEP. Data provided by these two projects will be of use to the international reactor physics, criticality safety, and nuclear data communities for future decades The Russian Federation has been a major contributor to both projects with the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE) as the major contributor from the Russian Federation. Included in the benchmark specifications from the BFS facilities are 34 critical configurations from BFS-49, 61, 62, 73, 79, 81, 97, 99, and 101; spectral characteristics measurements from BFS-31, 42, 57, 59, 61, 62, 73, 97, 99, and 101; reactivity effects measurements from BFS-62-3A; reactivity coefficients and kinetics measurements from BFS-73; and reaction rate measurements from BFS-42, 61, 62, 73, 97, 99, and 101.

  5. Propagation of Cosmic Rays: Nuclear Physics in Cosmic-Ray Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moskalenko, Igor V. [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Joint Center for Astrophysics/University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States); Strong, Andrew W. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1603, D-85740 Garching (Germany); Mashnik, Stepan G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87544 (United States)

    2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclei fraction in cosmic rays (CR) far exceeds the fraction of other CR species, such as antiprotons, electrons, and positrons. Thus the majority of information obtained from CR studies is based on interpretation of isotopic abundances using CR propagation models where the nuclear data and isotopic production cross sections in p- and {alpha}-induced reactions are the key elements. This paper presents an introduction to the astrophysics of CR and diffuse {gamma}-rays and discusses some of the puzzles that have emerged recently due to more precise data and improved propagation models. Merging with cosmology and particle physics, astrophysics of CR has become a very dynamic field with a large potential of breakthrough and discoveries in the near future. Exploiting the data collected by the CR experiments to the fullest requires accurate nuclear cross sections.

  6. The Physics and Nuclear Nonproliferation Goals of WATCHMAN: A WAter CHerenkov Monitor for ANtineutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Askins, M; Bernstein, A; Dazeley, S; Dye, S T; Handler, T; Hatzikoutelis, A; Hellfeld, D; Jaffke, P; Kamyshkov, Y; Land, B J; Learned, J G; Marleau, P; Mauger, C; Gann, G D Orebi; Roecker, C; Rountree, S D; Shokair, T M; Smy, M B; Svoboda, R; Sweany, M; Vagins, M R; van Bibber, K A; Vogelaar, R B; Wetstein, M J; Yeh, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes the physics and nonproliferation goals of WATCHMAN, the WAter Cherenkov Monitor for ANtineutrinos. The baseline WATCHMAN design is a kiloton scale gadolinium-doped (Gd) light water Cherenkov detector, placed 13 kilometers from a civil nuclear reactor in the United States. In its first deployment phase, WATCHMAN will be used to remotely detect a change in the operational status of the reactor, providing a first- ever demonstration of the potential of large Gd-doped water detectors for remote reactor monitoring for future international nuclear nonproliferation applications. During its first phase, the detector will provide a critical large-scale test of the ability to tag neutrons and thus distinguish low energy electron neutrinos and antineutrinos. This would make WATCHMAN the only detector capable of providing both direction and flavor identification of supernova neutrinos. It would also be the third largest supernova detector, and the largest underground in the western hemisphere. In a...

  7. Intermediate/high energy nuclear physics. Technical progress report, June 15, 1992--June 14, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vary, J.P.

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Progress during the last year is reviewed under the following topics: relativistic hadron--nucleus and nucleus--nucleus collisions (heavy meson production, photon production and fragmentation functions--direct photon production with the QCM and photon fragmentation functions, Cronin efffect and multiple scattering, effective nuclear parton distributions); solving quantum field theories in nonperturbative regime; light-front dynamics and high-spin states (soft form factor of the pion and nucleon for transverse and longitudinal momentum transfers, light front spinors for high-spin objects); high-energy spin physics; relativistic wave equations, quarkonia, and e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} resonances; associated production of Higgs boson at collider energies, and microscopic nuclear many-body theory and reactions. 135 refs.

  8. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS G: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 27 (2001) 20512064 PII: S0954-3899(01)24272-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morselli, Aldo

    Corporation `Energia', Korolev, Moscow Region, Russia 6 University of Trieste and INFN Sezione Trieste, Italy­2000, also measuring several solar particle events. In this work we present the in-flight performance-3899/01/102051+14$30.00 © 2001 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK 2051 #12;2052 V Bidoli et al solar activity at low energies

  9. 560 Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B43 (1989) 560-564 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodall, Jerry M.

    560 Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B43 (1989) 560-564 North-Holland, Amsterdam curve (XRC) and Raman 0168-583X/89/$03.50 0 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (North-Holland Physics

  10. Reactor Physics and Criticality Benchmark Evaluations for Advanced Nuclear Fuel - Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Anderson; James Tulenko; Bradley Rearden; Gary Harms

    2008-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear industry interest in advanced fuel and reactor design often drives towards fuel with uranium enrichments greater than 5 wt% 235U. Unfortunately, little data exists, in the form of reactor physics and criticality benchmarks, for uranium enrichments ranging between 5 and 10 wt% 235U. The primary purpose of this project is to provide benchmarks for fuel similar to what may be required for advanced light water reactors (LWRs). These experiments will ultimately provide additional information for application to the criticality-safety bases for commercial fuel facilities handling greater than 5 wt% 235U fuel.

  11. Intermediate/high energy nuclear physics. [Iowa State Univ. , Ames, Iowa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vary, J.P.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Progress during the last year is reviewed under the following topics: relativistic hadron--nucleus and nucleus--nucleus collisions (heavy meson production, photon production and fragmentation functions--direct photon production with the QCM and photon fragmentation functions, Cronin efffect and multiple scattering, effective nuclear parton distributions); solving quantum field theories in nonperturbative regime; light-front dynamics and high-spin states (soft form factor of the pion and nucleon for transverse and longitudinal momentum transfers, light front spinors for high-spin objects); high-energy spin physics; relativistic wave equations, quarkonia, and e[sup +]e[sup [minus

  12. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory and Modeling Los AlamosAerosol.Physics

  13. arXiv:1004.0373v3[physics.ins-det]8May2012 Measurement of scintillation efficiency for nuclear recoils in liquid argon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    arXiv:1004.0373v3[physics.ins-det]8May2012 Measurement of scintillation efficiency for nuclear results for nuclear recoil energies between 10 and 250 keVr at zero electric field. II. REVIEW OF PHYSICAL University, New Haven, CT (Dated: May 9, 2012) The scintillation light yield of liquid argon from nuclear

  14. Originally from Venice, Italy Martina studied in Liverpool (UK) for her PhD in Nuclear Physics. In 2003 she started a post-doc at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, working on the development of gamma-ray tracking detectors for nuclear physics exp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouliot, Jean

    Originally from Venice, Italy Martina studied in Liverpool (UK) for her PhD in Nuclear Physics of gamma-ray tracking detectors for nuclear physics experiments. Since May 2005, she is a postdoctoral and, the department! Martina Descovich PhD Education Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics (2003) University

  15. LANL | Physics | Nuclear Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathanMultimaterial2Recovery Act

  16. EVALUATION METHODOLOGY FOR PROLIFERATION RESISTANCE AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF GENERATION IV NUCLEAR ENERGY SYSTEMS: AN OVERVIEW.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BARI, R.; ET AL.

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an overview of the methodology approach developed by the Generation IV International Forum Expert Group on Proliferation Resistance & Physical Protection for evaluation of Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection robustness of Generation IV nuclear energy systems options. The methodology considers a set of alternative systems and evaluates their resistance or robustness to a collection of potential threats. For the challenges considered, the response of the system to these challenges is assessed and expressed in terms of outcomes. The challenges to the system are given by the threats posed by potential proliferant States and sub-national adversaries on the nuclear systems. The characteristics of the Generation IV systems, both technical and institutional, are used to evaluate their response to the threats and determine their resistance against the proliferation threats and robustness against sabotage and theft threats. System response encompasses three main elements: (1) System Element Identification. The nuclear energy system is decomposed into smaller elements (subsystems) at a level amenable to further analysis. (2) Target Identification and Categorization. A systematic process is used to identify and select representative targets for different categories of pathways, within each system element, that actors (proliferant States or adversaries) might choose to use or attack. (3) Pathway Identification and Refinement. Pathways are defined as potential sequences of events and actions followed by the proliferant State or adversary to achieve its objectives (proliferation, theft or sabotage). For each target, individual pathway segments are developed through a systematic process, analyzed at a high level, and screened where possible. Segments are connected into full pathways and analyzed in detail. The outcomes of the system response are expressed in terms of PR&PP measures. Measures are high-level characteristics of a pathway that include information important to the evaluation methodology users and to the decisions of a proliferant State or adversary. They are first evaluated for segments and then aggregated for complete pathways. Results are aggregated as appropriate to permit pathway comparisons and system assessment. The paper highlights the current achievements in the development of the Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection Evaluation Methodology. The way forward is also briefly presented together with some conclusions.

  17. Evaluation Methodology For Proliferation Resistance And Physical Protection Of Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems: An Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T. Bjornard; R. Bari; R. Nishimura; P. Peterson; J. Roglans; D. Bley; J. Cazalet; G.G.M. Cojazzi; P. Delaune; M. Golay; G. Rendad; G. Rochau; M. Senzaki; I. Therios; M. Zentner

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an overview of the methodology approach developed by the Generation IV International Forum Expert Group on Proliferation Resistance & Physical Protection for evaluation of Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection robustness of Generation IV nuclear energy systems options. The methodology considers a set of alternative systems and evaluates their resistance or robustness to a collection of potential threats. For the challenges considered, the response of the system to these challenges is assessed and expressed in terms of outcomes. The challenges to the system are given by the threats posed by potential proliferant States and sub-national adversaries on the nuclear systems. The characteristics of the Generation IV systems, both technical and institutional, are used to evaluate their response to the threats and determine their resistance against the proliferation threats and robustness against sabotage and theft threats. System response encompasses three main elements: 1.System Element Identification. The nuclear energy system is decomposed into smaller elements (subsystems) at a level amenable to further analysis. 2.Target Identification and Categorization. A systematic process is used to identify and select representative targets for different categories of pathways, within each system element, that actors (proliferant States or adversaries) might choose to use or attack. 3.Pathway Identification and Refinement. Pathways are defined as potential sequences of events and actions followed by the proliferant State or adversary to achieve its objectives (proliferation, theft or sabotage). For each target, individual pathway segments are developed through a systematic process, analyzed at a high level, and screened where possible. Segments are connected into full pathways and analyzed in detail. The outcomes of the system response are expressed in terms of PR&PP measures. Measures are high-level characteristics of a pathway that include information important to the evaluation methodology users and to the decisions of a proliferant State or adversary. They are first evaluated for segments and then aggregated for complete pathways. Results are aggregated as appropriate to permit pathway comparisons and system assessment. The paper highlights the current achievements in the development of the Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection Evaluation Methodology. The way forward is also briefly presented together with some conclusions.

  18. The design, creation, and performance of the parallel multiprocessor nuclear physics data acquisition system, DAPHNE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Welch, L.C.; Moog, T.H.; Daly, R.T.; Videbaek, F.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ever increasing complexity of nuclear physics experiments places severe demands on computerized data acquisition systems. A natural evolution of these system, taking advantage of the independent nature of ''events'', is to use identical parallel microcomputers in a front end to simultaneously analyze separate events. Such a system has been developed at Argonne to serve the needs of the experimental program of ATLAS, a new superconducting heavy-ion accelerator and other on-going research. Using microcomputers based on the National Semiconductor 32016 microprocessor housed in a Multibus I cage, multi-VAX cpu power is obtained at a fraction of the cost of one VAX. The front end interfaces to a VAX 750 on which an extensive user friendly command language based on DCL resides. The whole system, known as DAPHNE, also provides the means to replay data using the same command language. Design concepts, data structures, performance, and experience to data are discussed. 5 refs., 2 figs.

  19. Precision physics of simple atoms: QED tests, nuclear structure and fundamental constants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savely G. Karshenboim

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum electrodynamics is the first successful and still the most successful quantum field theory. Simple atoms, being essentially QED systems, allow highly accurate theoretical predictions. Because of their simple spectra, such atoms have been also efficiently studied experimentally frequently offering the most precisely measured quantities. Our review is devoted to comparison of theory and experiment in the field of precision physics of light simple atoms. In particular, we consider the Lamb shift in the hydrogen atom, the hyperfine structure in hydrogen, deuterium, helium-3 ion, muonium and positronium, as well as a number of other transitions in positronium. Additionally to a spectrum of unperturbed atoms, we consider annihilation decay of positronium and the g factor of bound particles in various two-body atoms. Special attention is paid to the uncertainty of the QED calculations due to the uncalculated higher-order corrections and effects of the nuclear structure. We also discuss applications of simple atoms to determination of several fundamental constants.

  20. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lombardi, John R.

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 32100 Modern Physics for Engineers Designation to one- electron atoms, atomic shell structure and periodic table; nuclear physics, relativity. Prerequisites: Prereq.: Physics 20800 or equivalent, Math 20300 or 20900 (elective for Engineering students

  1. The Physics and Nuclear Nonproliferation Goals of WATCHMAN: A WAter CHerenkov Monitor for ANtineutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Askins; M. Bergevin; A. Bernstein; S. Dazeley; S. T. Dye; T. Handler; A. Hatzikoutelis; D. Hellfeld; P. Jaffke; Y. Kamyshkov; B. J. Land; J. G. Learned; P. Marleau; C. Mauger; G. D. Orebi Gann; C. Roecker; S. D. Rountree; T. M. Shokair; M. B. Smy; R. Svoboda; M. Sweany; M. R. Vagins; K. A. van Bibber; R. B. Vogelaar; M. J. Wetstein; M. Yeh

    2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes the physics and nonproliferation goals of WATCHMAN, the WAter Cherenkov Monitor for ANtineutrinos. The baseline WATCHMAN design is a kiloton scale gadolinium-doped (Gd) light water Cherenkov detector, placed 13 kilometers from a civil nuclear reactor in the United States. In its first deployment phase, WATCHMAN will be used to remotely detect a change in the operational status of the reactor, providing a first- ever demonstration of the potential of large Gd-doped water detectors for remote reactor monitoring for future international nuclear nonproliferation applications. During its first phase, the detector will provide a critical large-scale test of the ability to tag neutrons and thus distinguish low energy electron neutrinos and antineutrinos. This would make WATCHMAN the only detector capable of providing both direction and flavor identification of supernova neutrinos. It would also be the third largest supernova detector, and the largest underground in the western hemisphere. In a follow-on phase incorporating the IsoDAR neutrino beam, the detector would have world-class sensitivity to sterile neutrino signatures and to non-standard electroweak interactions (NSI). WATCHMAN will also be a major, U.S. based integration platform for a host of technologies relevant for the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) and other future large detectors. This white paper describes the WATCHMAN conceptual design,and presents the results of detailed simulations of sensitivity for the project's nonproliferation and physics goals. It also describes the advanced technologies to be used in WATCHMAN, including high quantum efficiency photomultipliers, Water-Based Liquid Scintillator (WbLS), picosecond light sensors such as the Large Area Picosecond Photo Detector (LAPPD), and advanced pattern recognition and particle identification methods.

  2. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 428 (1999) 593}607 Radio-controlled xenon #ashers for atmospheric monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 428 (1999) 593}607 Radio-controlled xenon 84119, USA. Now at: University of Kansas, Department of Physics, Law- rence, KS 66045, USA. Now at: Wave

  3. Neutron and nuclear data revised for the 1997/98 handbook of chemistry and physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holden, N.E. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Reactor Div.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1997/98 Handbook of Chemistry and Physics will contain revised nuclear data information dealing with scattering and absorption properties of neutrons. All of these nuclear data were recently reevaluated. The 2,200 meter per second neutron cross sections and the neutron resonance integrals evaluation was performed in conjunction with the 1997 KAPL Wall-Chart of the Nuclides to insure consistency in the recommended values in the Handbook and on the Chart. The 2,200 meters per second neutron cross sections presented in the Handbook correspond to room temperature neutrons, 20.43 C, or a thermal neutron energy of 0.0253 electron volts, (eV). Neutron resonance integrals are defined over the energy range from 0.5 eV up to 0.1 {times} 10{sup 6} eV. They are averaged over a flux spectrum with a 1/E shape. Evaluated experimental data are derived from either a direct measurement or from 1/E spectrum averaged resonance parameter information. Resonance integrals are presented for neutron capture, charged particle or neutron fission reactions. Thermal neutron scattering is used for the investigation of the static and dynamic properties of condensed matter and it requires a knowledge of neutron scattering lengths. The Handbook presents bound atom neutron coherent scattering lengths in units of fentometers. Stellar slow neutron capture processes occur in a thermal neutron spectrum with temperatures approximately 30 keV. 30 keV Maxwellian averaged neutron cross sections for astrophysical applications are a new parameter presented in the 78th edition of the Handbook. No new parameters will be added to the Table of Isotopes` nuclear information but revised values will be provided for parameters of all known nuclides of the 112 chemical elements.

  4. Progress on an integrated multi-physics simulation predictive capability for plasma chamber nuclear components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Ying; M. Abdou; H. Zhang; R. Munipalli; M. Ulrickson; M. Sawan; B. Merrill

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the behavior of a plasma chamber component in the fusion environment requires a simulation technique that is capable of integrating multi-disciplinary computational codes while appropriately treating geometric heterogeneity and complexity. Such a tool should be able to interpret phenomena from mutually dependent scientific disciplines and predict performance with sufficient accuracy and consistency. Integrated multi-physics simulation predictive capability (ISPC) relies upon advanced numerical simulation techniques and is being applied to ITER first wall/shield and Test Blanket Module (TBM) designs. In this paper, progress in ISPC development is described through the presentation of a number of integrated simulations. The simulations cover key physical phenomena encountered in a fusion plasma chamber system, including tritium permeation, fluid dynamics, and structure mechanics. Interface engines were developed in order to pass field data, such as surface deformation or nuclear heating rate, from the structural analysis to the thermo-fluid MHD analysis code for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) velocity profile assessments, or from the neutronics analysis to the thermo-fluid analysis for temperature calculations, respectively. Near-term effort toward further ISPC development is discussed.

  5. Neutrinoless double beta decay in deformed nuclei: its implications in particle and nuclear physics .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, DongLiang

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??In my thesis, we calculated the Nuclear Matrix Elements (NME) for neutrinoless double beta decay (0??? decay). Neutrinoless double beta decay is a rare nuclearÖ (more)

  6. THE KLOE COLLABORATION members -19/05/2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)

    ¨at Karlsruhe, Germany. e Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Universit`a e Sezione INFN, Lecce, Italy. f Permanent Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia i Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Universit`a e Sezione INFN di Fisica dell'Universit`a "La Sapienza" e Sezione INFN, Roma, Italy l Dipartimento di Fisica dell

  7. Canada's national laboratory for particle and nuclear physics Laboratoire national canadien pour la recherche en physique nuclaire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeff

    Canada's national laboratory for particle and nuclear physics Laboratoire national canadien pour la | Canada | Tel 604.222.1047 | Fax 604.222.1074 | www.triumf.ca Accelerating Science for Canada | Un welcomes the investment by Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) through the Isotope Technology Acceleration

  8. Workshop materials from the 2nd international training course on physical protection of nuclear facilities and materials, Module 13

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, F. P. [ed.

    1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This course is intended for representatives of countries where nuclear power is being developed and whose responsibilities include the preparation of regulation and the design and evaluation of physical protection systems. This is the second of two volumes; the first volume is SAND-79-1090. (DLC)

  9. Paul Sellin, Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Physics Charge transport and mobility mapping in CdTe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sellin, Paul

    Paul Sellin, Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Physics Charge transport and mobility mapping in CdTe, JAP 92 (2002) 3198-3206 Introduction Motivation for this Work: r THM-grown CdTe supplied by Eurorad signal response? r Pulse shape analysis can identify regions of trapping or reduced mobility r Does CdTe

  10. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 422 (1999) 756--760 Dose mapping of inhomogeneities positioned in radiosensitive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 422 (1999) 756--760 Dose mapping reserved. Keywords: PAG; Dosimetry; Magnetic resonance imaging; Polyacrylamide gel; Gel dosimetry 1 0 3 1 - 6 #12;light attenuation have been proposed [4]. The ap- plications of gel dosimetry so far

  11. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 545 (2005) 427435 CYBPET: a cylindrical PET system for breast imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Chris

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 545 (2005) 427­435 CYBPET: a cylindrical PET January 2005 Available online 28 March 2005 Abstract We propose a Cylindrical Breast PET (CYBPET) system of scattered photons from the other breast and the rest of the body. To compare the CYBPET with whole-body PET

  12. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 476 (2002) 522526 A gamma-ray spectrometer system for fusion applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martín-Solís, José Ramón

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 476 (2002) 522­526 A gamma-ray spectrometer electrons hitting the inconel poloidal limiter and/or the vessel; and (b) neutron capture gamma the bremsstrahlung spectra is in agreement with the runaway energy predicted by a test particle model of runaway

  13. ScienceDirect -Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Researc... 1 of 2 3/16/05 4:36 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Chung-Sang

    ScienceDirect - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Researc... 1 of 2 3/16/05 4:36 PM: Quick Search: within All Full-text SourcesAll Full-text Sources 2 of 2 Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment Volume 407

  14. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 513 (2003) 585595 The RPI multiplicity detector response to g-ray cascades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 513 (2003) 585­595 The RPI multiplicity Physics, School of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, People's Republic of China b Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselear Polytechnic

  15. The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000, Upton NY 11973 631 344-2345 www.bnl.gov Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Office of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science, RHIC gives physicists of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science Total Upgrade Cost: $ 700 millionThe U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory · P.O. Box 5000, Upton NY 11973

  16. International Conference on the Physics of Reactors "Nuclear Power: A Sustainable Resource" Casino-Kursaal Conference Center, Interlaken, Switzerland, September 14-19, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    International Conference on the Physics of Reactors "Nuclear Power: A Sustainable Resource" Casino International Forum for the new nuclear energy systems, we have developed a new concept of molten salt reactor Products which poison the core can be extracted without stopping reactor operation; nuclear waste

  17. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 555 (2005) 340346 Calculation of gamma multiplicities in a multiplying sample for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P√°zsit, Imre

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 555 (2005) 340¬≠346 Calculation of gamma multiplicities in a multiplying sample for the assay of nuclear materials Imre Pa¬ī zsita,√?, Sara A. Pozzib a Department of Nuclear Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Fysikgra¬®nd 3, SE-412 96 Go

  18. BornOppenheimer invariants along nuclear configuration paths Department of Physical Chemistry and the Lise Meitner Minerva Center for Quantum Chemistry,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baer, Roi

    Born­Oppenheimer invariants along nuclear configuration paths Roi Baera) Department of Physical of the wave function. This is done for each calculated state at each nuclear position. Thus he defines a Born to an arbitrary path in nuclear configuration space. We identify invariant electronic states along these paths

  19. The MaPLE device of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics: Construction and its plasma aspects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pal, Rabindranath; Biswas, Subir; Basu, Subhasis; Chattopadhyay, Monobir; Basu, Debjyoti; Chaudhuri, Manis [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Magnetized Plasma Linear Experimental (MaPLE) device is a low cost laboratory plasma device at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics fabricated in-house with the primary aim of studying basic plasma physics phenomena such as plasma instabilities, wave propagation, and their nonlinear behavior in magnetized plasma regime in a controlled manner. The machine is specially designed to be a versatile laboratory device that can provide a number of magnetic and electric scenario to facilitate such studies. A total of 36 number of 20-turn magnet coils, designed such as to allow easy handling, is capable of producing a uniform, dc magnetic field of about 0.35 T inside the plasma chamber of diameter 0.30 m. Support structure of the coils is planned in an innovative way facilitating straightforward fabrication and easy positioning of the coils. Further special feature lies in the arrangement of the spacers between the coils that can be maneuvered rather easily to create different magnetic configurations. Various methods of plasma production can be suitably utilized according to the experimental needs at either end of the vacuum vessel. In the present paper, characteristics of a steady state plasma generated by electron cyclotron resonance method using 2.45 GHz microwave power are presented. Scans using simple probe drives revealed that a uniform and long plasma column having electron density {approx}3-5x10{sup 10} cm{sup -3} and temperature {approx}7-10 eV, is formed in the center of the plasma chamber which is suitable for wave launching experiments.

  20. Physical and functional interactions of human papillomavirus E2 protein with nuclear receptor coactivators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, M.-H. [Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City 114, Taiwan (China); Huang, C.-J. [Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry Laboratory, Cathay Medical Research Institute, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei County 221, Taiwan (China); Department of Biochemistry, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City 114, Taiwan (China); Liu, S.-T. [Department of Biochemistry, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City 114, Taiwan (China); Liu, P.-Y. [Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City 114, Taiwan (China); Ho, C.-L. [Division of Hematology/Oncology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City 114, Taiwan (China); Huang, S.-M. [Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City 114, Taiwan (China) and Department of Biochemistry, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City 114, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: shihming@ndmctsgh.edu.tw

    2007-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In addition to the human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced immortalization of epithelial cells, which usually requires integration of the viral DNA into the host cell genome, steroid hormone-activated nuclear receptors (NRs) are thought to bind to specific DNA sequences within transcriptional regulatory regions on the long control region to either increase or suppress transcription of dependent genes. In this study, our data suggest that the NR coactivator function of HPV E2 proteins might be mediated through physical and functional interactions with not only NRs but also the NR coactivators GRIP1 (glucocorticoid receptor-interacting protein 1) and Zac1 (zinc-finger protein which regulates apoptosis and cell cycle arrest 1), reciprocally regulating their transactivation activities. GRIP1 and Zac1 both were able to act synergistically with HPV E2 proteins on the E2-, androgen receptor-, and estrogen receptor-dependent transcriptional activation systems. GRIP1 and Zac1 might selectively function with HPV E2 proteins on thyroid receptor- and p53-dependent transcriptional activation, respectively. Hence, the transcriptional function of E2 might be mediated through NRs and NR coactivators to regulate E2-, NR-, and p53-dependent transcriptional activations.

  1. Physical protection: threat response and performance goals as applied at the nuclear material inspection and storage (NMIS) building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanford, T.H.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Only one aspect of nuclear security has been discussed here, a disciplined approach to physical protection systems (PPS) design. The best security against a multitude of threats to the nuclear industry is a dynamic and multifaceted safeguards program. It is one that combines PPS design with employee screening, reliability or behavioral observation programs, procedural control, assessment techniques, response capabilities, and security hardware. To be effective, such a program must be supported by management and applied uniformly to all personnel, including the safeguards and security staff.

  2. Nuclear Physics B (Proc. Suppl.) 77 (1999) 64--72 Standard Solar Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahcall, John

    reactions. Thirty­nine experts in low energy nuclear ex­ periments and theory, representing many di#er­ ent In this section, I will first summarize the new and relevant results on nuclear fusion reactions and on the screening of nuclear reactions and then summarize the situation with respect to neu­ trino cross sections

  3. Nuclear Physics A369 (1981) 47082 North-Holland Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lagaris, Isaac

    ) Abstract: We report on variational calculations of the energy E(p, √?) of asymmetric nuclear matter having p-dependence of various contributions to the nuclear matter energy show that at p the correct energy, density and compressibility of nuclear matter. The contribution of TNI to the ground state

  4. Theoretical nuclear physics: Final report for period February 1, 1984 to January 31, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rost, E.; Kunz, P.D.

    1987-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear theory at the University of Colorado emphasizes the study of nuclear structure through the use of nuclear reactions. Recent efforts have been focussed on the role of relativistic models in nucleon-nucleus scattering and reactions. Further work delves into the underlying bases of the reaction theory itself.

  5. Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Software Engineering and Artificial Intelligence for High Energy and Nuclear Physics, eds. B. Denby and D. PerretGallix, International Journal of Modern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Carsten

    Intelligence for High Energy and Nuclear Physics, eds. B. Denby and D. Perret­Gallix, International Journal on Software Engineering and Artificial Intelligence for High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Pisa, Italy, April 3

  6. Summary report on transportation of nuclear fuel materials in Japan : transportation infrastructure, threats identified in open literature, and physical protection regulations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell; Ouchi, Yuichiro (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan); Furaus, James Phillip; Marincel, Michelle K.

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the results of three detailed studies of the physical protection systems for the protection of nuclear materials transport in Japan, with an emphasis on the transportation of mixed oxide fuel materials1. The Japanese infrastructure for transporting nuclear fuel materials is addressed in the first section. The second section of this report presents a summary of baseline data from the open literature on the threats of sabotage and theft during the transport of nuclear fuel materials in Japan. The third section summarizes a review of current International Atomic Energy Agency, Japanese and United States guidelines and regulations concerning the physical protection for the transportation of nuclear fuel materials.

  7. Research in heavy-ion nuclear physics. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, The Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanders, S.J.; Prosser, F.W.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Attention was focused on the fission process in light nuclear systems. A model calculation based on the transition-state model of nuclear fission was applied to [sup 47]V fission as populated through multiple entrance channels and to fusion-fission cross sections for production of [sup 28]Al through three different entrance channels. Angular distributions are shown for different mass channels of the [sup 29]Si+[sup 27]Al reaction at E[sub lab] = 125 MeV. Pronounced structure is seen in the symmetric and near-symmetric fission channels from the [sup 24]Mg+[sup 24]Mg reaction; cross sections for binary fragment emission are shown for E[sub lab] = 90 MeV. A large Bragg-curve detector was used in this experiment. Ways to optimize detector response were studied; in addition, the Bragg detector was instrumented with an internal position-sensitive multiwire proportional counter.

  8. Nuclear Science and Physics Data from the Isotopes Project, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Isotopes Project pages at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have been a source of nuclear data and reference information since the mid-nineties. Almost all of the data, the results of analyses, the specialized charts and interfaces, and the extensive bibiographic references are fed to the National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory and maintained there. The Isotope Project pages at LBNL provide a glimpse of early versions for many of the nuclear data resources.

  9. Nuclear Physics User Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    link The 88-Inch Cyclotron, located at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) External link , supports ongoing research programs in nuclear structure, astrophysics,...

  10. Safeguards-by-Design: Early Integration of Physical Protection and Safeguardability into Design of Nuclear Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T. Bjornard; R. Bean; S. DeMuth; P. Durst; M. Ehinger; M. Golay; D. Hebditch; J. Hockert; J. Morgan

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The application of a Safeguards-by-Design (SBD) process for new nuclear facilities has the potential to minimize proliferation and security risks as the use of nuclear energy expands worldwide. This paper defines a generic SBD process and its incorporation from early design phases into existing design / construction processes and develops a framework that can guide its institutionalization. SBD could be a basis for a new international norm and standard process for nuclear facility design. This work is part of the U.S. DOEís Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), and is jointly sponsored by the Offices of Non-proliferation and Nuclear Energy.

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - applied nuclear physics Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    simulations (2003) Nucleosynthesis Nucleosynthesis in massive pop... of neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matric elements (2003,2006) Low energy precision electroweak...

  12. Nuclear Physics A462 (1987) 252-268 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomorski, Krzysztof

    -Holland Physics ~blishing Division) #12;B. Nerlo-Porno&a et al. / Multipole moments 253 simple consistency

  13. Propagation of Cosmic Rays: Nuclear Physics in Cosmic-Ray Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moskalenko, Igor V.

    -Planck-Institut f√ľr extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1603, D-85740 Garching, Germany Los Alamos National where the nuclear data and isotopic production cross sections in p- and -induced reactions are the key by the CR experiments to the fullest requires accurate nuclear cross sections. INTRODUCTION The origin of CR

  14. Nuclear Physics and National Security in an Age of Jerry Gilfoyle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    Bombs How does it hurt me? Massive release of energy (blast, light) that can cause hundreds of thousands;Nuclear Weapons 101 What Is Radiation? Emission or release of energy from atomic nuclei in the form of sub with unmatched speed. food processing. waste stream treatment. F&M - June 6, 2009 ­ p. 3/2 #12;Nuclear Weapons

  15. PHYSICAL REVIEW B VOLUME 48, NUMBER 13 1 OCTOBER 1993-1 Determination of the absolute sign of nuclear quadrupole interactions by laser radio-frequency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suter, Dieter

    PHYSICAL REVIEW B VOLUME 48, NUMBER 13 1 OCTOBER 1993-1 Determination of the absolute sign of nuclear quadrupole interactions by laser radio-frequency double-resonance experiments Tilo Blasberg the quadrupole moment of nuclear spins I > + with the electric-field-gradient (EFG) tensor leads to a splitting

  16. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 540 (2005) 464469 Fusion neutron detector calibration using a table-top laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ditmire, Todd

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 540 (2005) 464­469 Fusion neutron detector is designed for observing fusion neutrons at the Z accelerator in Sandia National Laboratories. Nuclear fusion Keywords: Cluster; Laser; Fusion; Neutron; Calibration; Detector 1. Introduction One of the principal

  17. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 547 (2005) 663678 Determining axial fuel-rod power-density profiles from in-core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shultis, J. Kenneth

    is proposed for determining power-density profiles in nuclear reactor fuel rods from neutron flux measurementsNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 547 (2005) 663¬≠678 Determining axial fuel-rod power-density profiles from in-core neutron flux measurements J. Kenneth Shultis√? Department

  18. Reactor Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reactor Physics Reactor and nuclear physics is a key area of research at INL. Much of the research done in reactor physics can be separated into one of three categories:...

  19. High Energy Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Basic Energy Science Biological and Environmental Research Fusion Energy Sciences High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Advanced Scientific Computing Research Pioneering...

  20. Theoretical research in intermediate-energy nuclear physics. [Technical progress report, April 1, 1993--March 31, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, R.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses progress that has been made on the following seven problems: (1) (e, e{prime}p) at high momentum transfer; (2) post,acceleration effects in two-nucleon interferometry of heavy-ion collisions; (3) pion-nucleus interactions above 0.5 GeV; (4) chiral symmetry breaking in nuclei and picnic atom anomaly; (5) atomic screening on nuclear astronomical reactions; (6) QCD related work (coherent pion production from skyrmion-antiskyrmion annihilation, QCD in 1 + 1 dimensions, and correlation functions in the QCD vacuum), and (7) kaonic hydrogen atom experiment. The problems deal with various topics mostly in intermediate-energy nuclear physics. We place priority on (1) and (2), and describe them somewhat in detail below. Other problems are our on-going projects, but we are placing lower priority on them in the second and third year.

  1. Enabling pulse compression and proton acceleration in a modular ICF driver for nuclear and particle physics applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Terranova; S. V. Bulanov; J. L. Collier; H. Kiriyama; F. Pegoraro

    2005-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The existence of efficient ion acceleration regimes in collective laser-plasma interactions opens up the possibility to develop high-energy physics facilities in conjunction with projects for inertial confinement nuclear fusion (ICF) and neutron spallation sources. In this paper, we show that the pulse compression requests to make operative these acceleration mechanisms do not fall in contradiction with current technologies for high repetition rate ICF drivers. In particular, we discuss explicitly a solution that exploits optical parametric chirped pulse amplification and the intrinsic modularity of the lasers aimed at ICF.

  2. Physical fitness training reference manual for security force personnel at fuel cycle facilities possessing formula quantities of special nuclear materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arzino, P.A.; Caplan, C.S.; Goold, R.E. (California State Univ., Hayward, CA (United States). Foundation)

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recommendations contained throughout this NUREG are being provided to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) as a reference manual which can be used by licensee management as they develop a program plan for the safe participation of guards, Tactical Response Team members (TRTs), and all other armed response personnel in physical fitness training and in physical performance standards testing. The information provided in this NUREG will help licensees to determine if guards, TRTs, and other armed response personnel can effectively perform their normal and emergency duties without undue hazard to themselves, to fellow employees, to the plant site, and to the general public. The recommendations in this NUREG are similar in part to those contained within the Department of Energy (DOE) Medical and Fitness Implementation Guide which was published in March 1991. The guidelines contained in this NUREG are not requirements, and compliance is not required. 25 refs.

  3. HARD PARTON PHYSICS IN HIGH ENERGY NUCLEAR COLLISIONS. PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP, VOLUME 17

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CARROLL,J.

    1999-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The RIKEN-BNL center workshop on ''Hard parton physics in high energy nuclear collisions'' was held at BNL from March 1st-5th! 1999. The focus of the workshop was on hard probes of nucleus-nucleus collisions that will be measured at RHIC with the PHENIX and STAR detectors. There were about 45 speakers and over 70 registered participants at the workshop, with roughly a quarter of the speakers from overseas. About 60% of the talks were theory talks. A nice overview of theory for RHIC was provided by George Sterman. The theoretical talks were on a wide range of topics in QCD which can be classified under the following: (a) energy loss and the Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal effect; (b) minijet production and equilibration; (c) small x physics and initial conditions; (d) nuclear parton distributions and shadowing; (e) spin physics; (f) photon, di-lepton, and charm production; and (g) hadronization, and simulations of high pt physics in event generators. Several of the experimental talks discussed the capabilities of the PHENIX and STAR detectors at RHIC in measuring high pt particles in heavy ion collisions. In general, these talks were included in the relevant theory sessions. A session was set aside to discuss the spin program at RHIC with polarized proton beams. In addition, there were speakers from 08, HERA, the fixed target experiments at Fermilab, and the CERN fixed target Pb+Pb program, who provided additional perspective on a range of issues of relevance to RHIC; from jets at the Tevatron, to saturation of parton distributions at HERA, and recent puzzling data on direct photon production in fixed target experiments, among others.

  4. Nuclear Physics Related Brochures | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman, 1960 The ErnestLouisMichaelNorman Rasmussen,Nuclear

  5. Quantum Chromodynamics and nuclear physics at extreme energy density. Progress report, May 1992--April 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mueller, B.

    1993-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses research in the following topics: Hadron structure physics; relativistic heavy ion collisions; finite- temperature QCD; real-time lattice gauge theory; and studies in quantum field theory.

  6. Research in heavy-ion nuclear physics. Annual progress report, May 1, 1991--April 30, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanders, S.J.; Prosser, F.W.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following topics: Fusion-fission in light nuclear systems; High-resolution Q-value measurement for the {sup 24}Mg+{sup 24}Mg reaction; Heavy-ion reactions and limits to fusion; and Hybrid MWPC-Bragg curve detector development.

  7. Intermediate/high energy nuclear physics. Technical progress report, June 15, 1991--June 14, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vary, J.P.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses progress on the following research: quark cluster model; solving quantum field theories in non-perturbative regime;relativistic wave equations, quarkonia and electron-positron resonances; nuclear dependence at large transverse momentum; factorization at the order of power corrections; single-spin asymmetries; and hadronic photon production. (LSP)

  8. Paul Sellin, Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Physics Recent developments in compound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sellin, Paul

    in large-area thick film materials: Y polycrystalline and epitaxial CdZnTe/CdTe thick films Y Heavy element materials: Y CdMnTe Y GaN Y Synthetic diamond r Conclusion #12;Paul Sellin, Centre for Nuclear and Radiation-grain polycrystalline, with improved single-crystal yield r Reduced concentration of twins r Secondary grain nucleation

  9. [Electroweak and other interactions in medium-energy nuclear physics]. Progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhyay, N.C.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following topics: spectrum generating algebra; vibrational spectra in the heavy quarkonia; chiral soliton model; pion neutral photoproduction from proton with polarized photons in the delta-1232 region; compton scattering in the delta- 1232 region; nucleon magnetic polarizability and the role of the delta resonance; eta photo- and electroproduction; perturbative QCD; and nuclear muon capture.

  10. ELSEVIER Nuclear Physics A 657 (1999) 59-72 www.elsevier.nl/locate/npe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsch George F.

    of excitation has been predicted since the introduction of collective models [ 1]. Examples of low-lying nuclear- fluence heavy-ion fusion reactions at energies near and below the Coulomb barrier [9], through the so stems from heavy-ion reactions at intermediate energy [ 15,16], pion-induced double charge exchange

  11. Nuclear Physics A 712 (2002) 3758 www.elsevier.com/locate/npe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    consequences for low-energy reaction rates in nuclear astrophysics. One example is the reaction p + 7Be 8B to the nucleon drip lines. They are characterized by a very low separation energy of the valence nucleon (or can be expanded in powers of kR. All short-distance effects are systematically absorbed into a few low-energy

  12. Research in heavy-ion nuclear physics. Annual progress report, May 1, 1992--April 30, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanders, S.J.; Prosser, F.W.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Attention was focused on the fission process in light nuclear systems. A model calculation based on the transition-state model of nuclear fission was applied to {sup 47}V fission as populated through multiple entrance channels and to fusion-fission cross sections for production of {sup 28}Al through three different entrance channels. Angular distributions are shown for different mass channels of the {sup 29}Si+{sup 27}Al reaction at E{sub lab} = 125 MeV. Pronounced structure is seen in the symmetric and near-symmetric fission channels from the {sup 24}Mg+{sup 24}Mg reaction; cross sections for binary fragment emission are shown for E{sub lab} = 90 MeV. A large Bragg-curve detector was used in this experiment. Ways to optimize detector response were studied; in addition, the Bragg detector was instrumented with an internal position-sensitive multiwire proportional counter.

  13. DOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS, Subprogramme PHYSICS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?umer, Slobodan

    Slovenia is producing a significant share of its electricity in nuclear power plant. The doctoral programme of nuclear engineering stems from the requirements of the Nuclear power plant Krsko, Slovenian Nuclear SafetyDOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS, Subprogramme PHYSICS, Module NUCLEAR ENGINEERING

  14. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearch Welcome to theNews & Blog ¬ĽPhysics Physics Print Because

  15. Collisions induced by halo and weakly bound nuclei around the Coulomb barrier: Results at INFN-LNS Catania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Figuera, Pierpaolo [INFN Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud, Via S.Sofia 62, I95123 Catania (Italy)

    2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of collisions around the Coulomb barrier induced by halo and/or weakly bound nuclei has been the object of many publications in the last years, since the peculiar structure of such nuclei can strongly affect the reaction dynamics. In this paper we will summarize some results on the above topic obtained by our group at INFN-LNS Catania. Results concerning the study of elastic scattering and different reaction mechanisms in collisions induced by the halo nuclei {sup 11}Be and {sup 6}He and by the weakly bound stable nuclei {sup 6,7}Li on a {sup 64}Zn target, at energies around the Coulomb barrier, will be presented. The conclusions of our studies will be compared with the ones of other authors, in order to show if clear systematic conclusions can be drawn from the different papers published in the literature so far.

  16. FPGA-based Cherenkov Ring Recognition in Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jantsch, Axel

    and particle physics experiments, for example HADES [2] and PANDA [3] at GSI Germany, BESIII [4] at IHEP China the exploded view of the HADES detector system as an example. The Cherenkov effect was discovered view of the HADES detector system (RICH detector for Cherenkov ring recognition) material with a speed

  17. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A'Hearn, Michael F. - Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland at College Park Aalberts, Daniel P. - Department...

  18. Derivative-free optimization for parameter estimation in computational nuclear physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan M. Wild; Jason Sarich; Nicolas Schunck

    2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider optimization problems that arise when estimating a set of unknown parameters from experimental data, particularly in the context of nuclear density functional theory. We examine the cost of not having derivatives of these functionals with respect to the parameters. We show that the POUNDERS code for local derivative-free optimization obtains consistent solutions on a variety of computationally expensive energy density functional calibration problems. We also provide a primer on the operation of the POUNDERS software in the Toolkit for Advanced Optimization.

  19. Physical protection solutions for security problems at nuclear power plants. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darby, J.L.; Jacobs, J.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under Department of Energy sponsorship, Sandia National Laboratories has developed a broad technological base of components and integrated systems to address security concerns at facilities of importance, including nuclear reactors. The primary security concern at a light water reactor is radiological sabotage, a deliberate set of actions at a plant which could expose the public to a significant amount of radiation (on the order of 10 CFR 100 limits). (Also of importance to plant operators are acts of industrial sabotage that could prevent a plant from producing electrical power).

  20. Nuclear Physics (NP) Homepage | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial CarbonArticles News News Home Featured ArticlesScience

  1. Patrizia Rossi is the Deputy Associate Director for Nuclear Physics at

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 TheSteven AshbyDepartment ofGE's E.Gilman About Us PatrickPatrizia

  2. Processing experimental data and analysis of simulation codes from Nuclear Physics using distributed and parallel computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niculescu, Mihai; Hristov, Peter

    In this thesis we tried to show the impact of new technologies on scientific work in the large field of heavy ion physics and as a case study, we present the implementation of the event plane method, on a highly parallel technology: the graphic processor. By the end of the thesis, a comparison of the analysis results with the elliptic flow published by ALICE is made. In Chapter 1 we presented the computing needs at the heavy ion physics experiment ALICE and showed the current state of software and technologies. The new technologies available for some time, Chapter 2, present new performance capabilities and generated a trend in preparing for the new wave of technologies and software, which most indicators show will dominate the future. This was not disregarded by the scientific community and in consequence section 2.2 shows the rising interest in the new technologies by the High Energy Physics community. A real case study was needed to better understand how the new technologies can be applied in HEP and aniso...

  3. Modeling of Some Physical Properties of Zirconium Alloys for Nuclear Applications in Support of UFD Campaign

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael V. Glazoff

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zirconium-based alloys Zircaloy-2 and Zircaloy-4 are widely used in the nuclear industry as cladding materials for light water reactor (LWR) fuels. These materials display a very good combination of properties such as low neutron absorption, creep behavior, stress-corrosion cracking resistance, reduced hydrogen uptake, corrosion and/or oxidation, especially in the case of Zircaloy-4. However, over the last couple of years, in the post-Fukushima Daiichi world, energetic efforts have been undertaken to improve fuel clad oxidation resistance during off-normal temperature excursions. Efforts have also been made to improve upon the already achieved levels of mechanical behavior and reduce hydrogen uptake. In order to facilitate the development of such novel materials, it is very important to achieve not only engineering control, but also a scientific understanding of the underlying material degradation mechanisms, both in working conditions and in storage of used nuclear fuel. This report strives to contribute to these efforts by constructing the thermodynamic models of both alloys; constructing of the respective phase diagrams, and oxidation mechanisms. A special emphasis was placed upon the role of zirconium suboxides in hydrogen uptake reduction and the atomic mechanisms of oxidation. To that end, computational thermodynamics calculations were conducted concurrently with first-principles atomistic modeling.

  4. Interplay of particle, nuclear and atomic physics in rare weak decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suhonen, Jouni [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutrinoless double beta decays of atomic nuclei are considered at the present the most viable way to access the fundamental nature and absolute mass scale of the neutrino. Recently one sub-class of these decays, the neutrinoless double electron capture (0{nu}ECEC), has attracted a lot of attention due to its potential of detection. In particular, the resonant 0{nu}ECEC is of interest owing to the possible huge enhancement of the corresponding decay rate by a resonance condition. At present the mass differences of the involved atom pairs are being measured by the Penning trap technique for several potential resonant 0{nu}ECEC decays. By evaluating the associated nuclear matrix elements using nuclear-structure models one can access the half-lives of these decays and thus predict their detection potential in underground experiments in the future. The absolute mass scale of the neutrino can also be accessed through beta decays of small decay energy. In these cases the effects of atomic origin may introduce non-negligible, even dramatic effects for Q values in the regime of few hundreds of eV and below.

  5. Progress in development of silica aerogel for particle- and nuclear-physics experiments at J-PARC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makoto Tabata; Hideyuki Kawai

    2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This study presents the advancement in hydrophobic silica aerogel development for use as Cherenkov radiators and muonium production targets. These devices are scheduled for use in several particle- and nuclear-physics experiments that are planned in the near future at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. Our conventional method to produce aerogel tiles with an intermediate index of refraction of approximately 1.05 is extended so that we can now produce aerogel tiles with lower indices of refraction (i.e., 1.03-1.04) and higher indices of refraction (i.e., 1.075-1.08); each with excellent transparency. A new production method, called pin drying, was optimized to produce larger area aerogels consistently with an ultrahigh index of refraction (>1.10). In addition, for use as a thermal-muonium-emitting material at room temperature, dedicated low-density aerogels were fabricated using the conventional method.

  6. Progress in development of silica aerogel for particle- and nuclear-physics experiments at J-PARC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabata, Makoto

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study presents the advancement in hydrophobic silica aerogel development for use as Cherenkov radiators and muonium production targets. These devices are scheduled for use in several particle- and nuclear-physics experiments that are planned in the near future at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. Our conventional method to produce aerogel tiles with an intermediate index of refraction of approximately 1.05 is extended so that we can now produce aerogel tiles with lower indices of refraction (i.e., 1.03-1.04) and higher indices of refraction (i.e., 1.075-1.08); each with excellent transparency. A new production method, called pin drying, was optimized to produce larger area aerogels consistently with an ultrahigh index of refraction (>1.10). In addition, for use as a thermal-muonium-emitting material at room temperature, dedicated low-density aerogels were fabricated using the conventional method.

  7. PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL METALLURGY OF ZIRCONIUM ALLOYS FOR NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS: A MULTI-SCALE COMPUTATIONAL STUDY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glazoff, Michael Vasily [Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the post-Fukushima world, the stability of materials under extreme conditions is an important issue for the safety of nuclear reactors. Because the nuclear industry is going to continue using advanced zirconium cladding materials in the foreseeable future, it become critical to gain fundamental understanding of the several interconnected problems. First, what are the thermodynamic and kinetic factors affecting the oxidation and hydrogen pick-up by these materials at normal, off-normal conditions, and in long-term storage? Secondly, what protective coatings (if any) could be used in order to gain extremely valuable time at off-normal conditions, e.g., when temperature exceeds the critical value of 2200įF? Thirdly, the kinetics of oxidation of such protective coating or braiding needs to be quantified. Lastly, even if some degree of success is achieved along this path, it is absolutely critical to have automated inspection algorithms allowing identifying defects of cladding as soon as possible. This work strives to explore these interconnected factors from the most advanced computational perspective, utilizing such modern techniques as first-principles atomistic simulations, computational thermodynamics of materials, diffusion modeling, and the morphological algorithms of image processing for defect identification. Consequently, it consists of the four parts dealing with these four problem areas preceded by the introduction and formulation of the studied problems. In the 1st part an effort was made to employ computational thermodynamics and ab initio calculations to shed light upon the different stages of oxidation of ziraloys (2 and 4), the role of microstructure optimization in increasing their thermal stability, and the process of hydrogen pick-up, both in normal working conditions and in long-term storage. The 2nd part deals with the need to understand the influence and respective roles of the two different plasticity mechanisms in Zr nuclear alloys: twinning (at low T) and crystallographic slip (higher Tís). For that goal, a description of the advanced plasticity model is outlined featuring the non-associated flow rule in hcp materials including Zr. The 3rd part describes the kinetic theory of oxidation of the several materials considered to be perspective coating materials for Zr alloys: SiC and ZrSiO4. In the 4th part novel and advanced projectional algorithms for defect identification in zircaloy coatings are described. In so doing, the author capitalized on some 12 years of his applied industrial research in this area. Our conclusions and recommendations are presented in the 5th part of this work, along with the list of used literature and the scripts for atomistic, thermodynamic, kinetic, and morphological computations.

  8. Theoretical nuclear physics. Progress report, October 1, 1991--August 1, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rost, E.; Shephard, J.R.

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following topics: Exact 1-loop vacuum polarization effects in 1 + 1 dimensional QHD; exact 1-fermion loop contributions in 1 + 1 dimensional solitons; exact scalar 1-loop contributions in 1 + 3 dimensions; exact vacuum calculations in a hyper-spherical basis; relativistic nuclear matter with self- consistent correlation energy; consistent RHA-RPA for finite nuclei; transverse response functions in the {triangle}-resonance region; hadronic matter in a nontopological soliton model; scalar and vector contributions to {bar p}p {yields} {bar {Lambda} {Lambda}} reaction; 0+ and 2+ strengths in pion double-charge exchange to double giant-dipole resonances; and nucleons in a hybrid sigma model including a quantized pion field.

  9. PROCEEDINGS OF THE RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ON LARGE SCALE COMPUTATIONS IN NUCLEAR PHYSICS USING THE QCDOC, SEPTEMBER 26 - 28, 2002.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AOKI,Y.; BALTZ,A.; CREUTZ,M.; GYULASSY,M.; OHTA,S.

    2002-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The massively parallel computer QCDOC (QCD On a Chip) of the RIKEN BNL Research Center (RI3RC) will provide ten-teraflop peak performance for lattice gauge calculations. Lattice groups from both Columbia University and RBRC, along with assistance from IBM, jointly handled the design of the QCDOC. RIKEN has provided $5 million in funding to complete the machine in 2003. Some fraction of this computer (perhaps as much as 10%) might be made available for large-scale computations in areas of theoretical nuclear physics other than lattice gauge theory. The purpose of this workshop was to investigate the feasibility and possibility of using a supercomputer such as the QCDOC for lattice, general nuclear theory, and other calculations. The lattice applications to nuclear physics that can be investigated with the QCDOC are varied: for example, the light hadron spectrum, finite temperature QCD, and kaon ({Delta}I = 1/2 and CP violation), and nucleon (the structure of the proton) matrix elements, to name a few. There are also other topics in theoretical nuclear physics that are currently limited by computer resources. Among these are ab initio calculations of nuclear structure for light nuclei (e.g. up to {approx}A = 8 nuclei), nuclear shell model calculations, nuclear hydrodynamics, heavy ion cascade and other transport calculations for RHIC, and nuclear astrophysics topics such as exploding supernovae. The physics topics were quite varied, ranging from simulations of stellar collapse by Douglas Swesty to detailed shell model calculations by David Dean, Takaharu Otsuka, and Noritaka Shimizu. Going outside traditional nuclear physics, James Davenport discussed molecular dynamics simulations and Shailesh Chandrasekharan presented a class of algorithms for simulating a wide variety of femionic problems. Four speakers addressed various aspects of theory and computational modeling for relativistic heavy ion reactions at RHIC. Scott Pratt and Steffen Bass gave general overviews of how qualitatively different types of physical processes evolve temporally in heavy ion reactions. Denes Molnar concentrated on the application of hydrodynamics, and Alex Krasnitz on a classical Yang-Mills field theory for the initial phase. We were pleasantly surprised by the excellence of the talks and the substantial interest from all parties. The diversity of the audience forced the speakers to give their talks at an understandable level, which was highly appreciated. One particular bonus of the discussions could be the application of highly developed three-dimensional astrophysics hydrodynamics codes to heavy ion reactions.

  10. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar Home Design Passive SolarCenter |Photoinduced2Zoe Martin'sPhysics Print

  11. Nuclear Simulation and Radiation Physics Investigations of the Target Station of the European Spallation Neutron Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filges, Detlef; Neef, Ralf-Dieter; Schaal, Hartwig [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany)

    2000-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The European Spallation Neutron Source (ESS) delivers high-intensity pulsed particle beams with 5-MW average beam power at 1.3-GeV incident proton energy. This causes sophisticated demands on material and geometry choices and a very careful optimization of the whole target system. Therefore, complex and detailed particle transport models and computer code systems have been developed and used to study the nuclear assessment of the ESS target system. The purpose here is to describe the methods of calculation mainly based on the Monte Carlo code to show the performance of the ESS target station. The interesting results of the simulations of the mercury target system are as follows: time-dependent neutron flux densities, energy deposition and heating, radioactivity and afterheat, materials damage by radiation, and high-energy source shielding. The results are discussed in great detail. The validity of codes and models, further requirements to improve the methods of calculation, and the status of running and planned experiments are given also.

  12. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 517 (2004) 180188 Spectral identification of thin-film-coated and solid-form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shultis, J. Kenneth

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 517 (2004) 180­188 Spectral identification or solid-form bulk detectors. There have been many attempts to fabricate boron-based solid-form detectors as solid- form bulk detectors. Hence, a method to distinguish between the two devices is necessary

  13. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING and INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY NUCLEAR FUSION Nucl. Fusion 43 (2003) 16931709 PII: S0029-5515(03)67272-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghoniem, Nasr M.

    INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING and INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY NUCLEAR FUSION Nucl. Fusion 43 (2003) 1693­1709 PII: S0029-5515(03)67272-8 Fusion energy with lasers, direct drive targets.iop.org/NF/43/1693 Abstract A coordinated, focused effort is underway to develop Laser Inertial Fusion Energy

  14. J. H. Scofield and D. M. Fleetwood, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science NS-38, 1567-77 (December 1991). PHYSICAL BASIS FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTS OF MOS RADIATION HARDNESS*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scofield, John H.

    J. H. Scofield and D. M. Fleetwood, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science NS-38, 1567-77 (December 1991). PHYSICAL BASIS FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTS OF MOS RADIATION HARDNESS* John H. Scofield Department noise and channel mobility measurements may be useful in defining nondestructive hardness assurance test

  15. Canada's National Laboratory for Particle and Nuclear Physics Laboratoire national canadien pour la recherche en physique nuclaire et en physique des particules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Accelerator Science 19 May 2009 Stan Schriber (center) with student poster prize recipients (from left of Vancouver welcomed over 1300 accelerator scientists, engineers, students, and exhibitors from around physics, and jointly sponsored by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), the Nuclear

  16. RENATA REd NAcional Temtica de Astropartculas, Alcala, June 23 2009 Aldo Morselli, INFN Roma Tor Vergata 1 Multifrequency tests of Dark Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morselli, Aldo

    RENATA REd NAcional Temática de Astropartículas, Alcala, June 23 2009 Aldo Morselli, INFN Roma Tor WORKSHOP 2009, Silver Jubilee May 25-30, VulcanoRENATA REd NAcional Temática de Astropartículas , Alcala in the sky in the Fermi and Pamela era. June 23 2009 #12;RENATA REd NAcional Temática de Astropartículas

  17. International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods & Reactor Physics (M&C 2009) Saratoga Springs, New York, May 3-7, 2009, on CD-ROM, American Nuclear Society, LaGrange Park, IL (2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vialle, Stéphane

    operator such as EDF, the time required to compute nuclear reactor core simulations is rather critical. Introduction As operator of nuclear power plants, EDF needs many nuclear reactor core simulationsInternational Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods & Reactor Physics (M&C 2009

  18. Michael L. Corradini Nuclear Engineering & Engineering Physics -Birthdate -8/6/52, US Citizen 1500 Engineering Drive, Madison WI -Phone: 608-263-1648 -Email: Corradini@engr.wisc.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volpe, Francesco

    Michael L. Corradini ­ Nuclear Engineering & Engineering Physics - Birthdate - 8/6/52, US Citizen Distinguished Professor, Nuclear Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison EDUCATION B.S. - 1975 - Mechanical Engineering Marquette University, Milwaukee WI M.S. - 1976 - Nuclear Engineering Massachusetts Institute

  19. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 518 (2004) 775798 CUORE: a cryogenic underground observatory for rare events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -67010 Assergi (L'Aquila), Italy f Laboratorio de Fisica Nuclear y Altas Energias, Universid"ad de of 130 Te (33.8% abundance), cold dark matter, solar axions, and rare nuclear decays. A preliminary

  20. ORISE: Health physics services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas...

  1. Faculty Position Therapeutic Medical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    spectroscopy, fluoroscopy, ultrasound, digital radiography, and nuclear medicine. The Colorado State University of subjects in Radiation Therapy Physics, Medical Imaging Physics, and Radiological Physics and Dosimetry

  2. RELATIVISTIC NUCLEAR COLLISIONS: THEORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyulassy, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effects in Relativistic Nuclear Collisions", Preprint LBL-Pion Interferometry of Nuclear Collisions. 18.1 M.Gyulassy,was supported by the Office of Nuclear Physics of the U.S.

  3. Physical features of small disperse coal dust fraction transportation and structurization processes in iodine air filters of absorption type in ventilation systems at nuclear power plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledenyov, Oleg P; Poltinin, P Ya; Fedorova, L I

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The research on the physical features of transportation and structurization processes by the air-dust aerosol in the granular filtering medium with the cylindrical coal adsorbent granules in an air filter of the adsorption type in the heating ventilation and cooling (HVAC) system at the nuclear power plant is completed. The physical origins of the coal dust masses distribution along the absorber with the granular filtering medium with the cylindrical coal granules during the air-dust aerosol intake process in the near the surface layer of absorber are researched. The quantitative technical characteristics of air filtering elements, which have to be considered during the optimization of air filters designs for the application in the ventilation systems at the nuclear power plants, are obtained.

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - astronomy nuclear transition Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering Summary: EPSRCSTFC Review of Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering A report prepared for EPSRC and STFC... of the scope of RCUK funded...

  5. Nuclear Physics using NIF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernstein, L A; Bleuel, D L; Caggiano, J A; Cerjan, C; Gostic, J; Hatarik, R; Hartouni, E; Hoffman, R D; Sayre, D; Schneider, D G; Shaughnessy, D; Stoeffl, W; Yeamans, C; Greife, U; Larson, R; Hudson, M; Herrmann, H; Kim, Y H; Young, C S; Mack, J; Wilson, D; Batha, S; Hoffman, N; Langenbrunner, J; Evans, S

    2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is the world's premier inertial confinement fusion facility designed to achieve sustained thermonuclear burn (ignition) through the compression of hydrogen isotopic fuels to densities in excess of 10{sup 3} g/cm{sup 3} and temperatures in excess of 100 MK. These plasma conditions are very similar to those found in the cores of Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars where the s-process takes place, but with a neutron fluence per year 10{sup 4} times greater than a star. These conditions make NIF an excellent laboratory to measure s-process (n,{gamma}) cross sections in a stellar-like plasma for the first time. Starting in Fall 2009, NIF has been operating regularly with 2-4 shots being performed weekly. These experiments have allowed the first in situ calibration of the detectors and diagnostics needed to measure neutron capture, including solid debris collection and prompt {gamma}-ray detection. In this paper I will describe the NIF facility and capsule environment and present two approaches for measuring s-process neutron capture cross sections using NIF.

  6. Research in nuclear physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozub, R.L.; Hindi, M.M.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following topics: electron capture decay of {sup 179}Ta; search for 17-keV neutrinos in the Internal Bremsstrahlung Spectrum of {sup 125}I; and {beta}{sup +} decay and cosmic-ray half-life of {sup 91}Nb.

  7. Nuclear Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carl R. Brune

    2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear physics has a long and productive history of application to astrophysics which continues today. Advances in the accuracy and breadth of astrophysical data and theory drive the need for better experimental and theoretical understanding of the underlying nuclear physics. This paper will review some of the scenarios where nuclear physics plays an important role, including Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, neutrino production by our sun, nucleosynthesis in novae, the creation of elements heavier than iron, and neutron stars. Big-bang nucleosynthesis is concerned with the formation of elements with A nuclear physics inputs required are few-nucleon reaction cross sections. The nucleosynthesis of heavier elements involves a variety of proton-, alpha-, neutron-, and photon-induced reactions, coupled with radioactive decay. The advent of radioactive ion beam facilities has opened an important new avenue for studying these processes, as many involve radioactive species. Nuclear physics also plays an important role in neutron stars: both the nuclear equation of state and cooling processes involving neutrino emission play a very important role. Recent developments and also the interplay between nuclear physics and astrophysics will be highlighted.

  8. Physical features of accumulation and distribution processes of small disperse coal dust precipitations and absorbed radioactive chemical elements in iodine air filter at nuclear power plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledenyov, Oleg P; Poltinin, P Ya; Fedorova, L I

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The physical features of absorption process of radioactive chemical elements and their isotopes in the iodine air filters of the type of AU-1500 at the nuclear power plants are researched. It is shown that the non-homogenous spatial distribution of absorbed radioactive chemical elements and their isotopes in the iodine air filter, probed by the gamma-activation analysis method, is well correlated with the spatial distribution of small disperse coal dust precipitations in the iodine air filter. This circumstance points out to an important role by the small disperse coal dust fractions of absorber in the absorption process of radioactive chemical elements and their isotopes in the iodine air filter. The physical origins of characteristic interaction between the radioactive chemical elements and the accumulated small disperse coal dust precipitations in an iodine air filter are considered. The analysis of influence by the researched physical processes on the technical characteristics and functionality of iodine ...

  9. Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of Albania concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of Albania concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

  10. Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of People's Republic of Bangladesh concerning Education, Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of People's Republic of Bangladesh concerning Education, Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

  11. Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of Mongolia concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of Mongolia concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

  12. The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melville, Jonathan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2012). NRC: Nuclear Security and Safeguards.nrc.gov.in nuclear reactor maintenance and security. However, when aof nuclear power plants, as well as physical security to

  13. Reactor Physics Parametric and Depletion Studies in Support of TRISO Particle Fuel Specification for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James W. Sterbentz; Bren Phillips; Robert L. Sant; Gray S. Chang; Paul D. Bayless

    2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reactor physics calculations were initiated to answer several major questions related to the proposed TRISO-coated particle fuel that is to be used in the prismatic Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) or the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP). These preliminary design evaluation calculations help ensure that the upcoming fuel irradiation tests will test appropriate size and type of fuel particles for a future NGNP reactor design. Conclusions from these calculations are expected to confirm and suggest possible modifications to the current particle fuel parameters specified in the evolving Fuel Specification. Calculated results dispel the need for a binary fuel particle system, which is proposed in the General Atomics GT-MHR concept. The GT-MHR binary system is composed of both a fissile and fertile particle with 350- and 500- micron kernel diameters, respectively. For the NGNP reactor, a single fissile particle system (single UCO kernel size) can meet the reactivity and power cycle length requirements demanded of the NGNP. At the same time, it will provide substantial programmatic cost savings by eliminating the need for dual particle fabrication process lines and dual fuel particle irradiation tests required of a binary system. Use of a larger 425-micron kernel diameter single fissile particle (proposed here), as opposed to the 350-micron GT-MHR fissile particle size, helps alleviate current compact particle packing fractions fabrication limitations (<35%), improves fuel block loading for higher n-batch reload options, and tracks the historical correlation between particle size and enrichment (10 and 14 wt% U-235 particle enrichments are proposed for the NGNP). Overall, the use of the slightly larger kernel significantly broadens the NGNP reactor core design envelope and provides increased design margin to accommodate the (as yet) unknown final NGNP reactor design. Maximum power-peaking factors are calculated for both the initial and equilibrium NGNP cores. Radial power-peaking can be fully controlled with particle packing fraction zoning (no enrichment zoning required) and discrete burnable poison rods. Optimally loaded NGNP cores can expect radial powerpeaking factors as low as 1.14 at beginning of cycle (BOC), increasing slowly to a value of 1.25 by end of cycle (EOC), an axial power-peaking value of 1.30 (BOC), and for individual fuel particles in the maximum compact <1.05 (BOC) and an approximate value of 1.20 (EOC) due to Pu-239 buildup in particles on the compact periphery. The NGNP peak particle powers, using a conservative total power-peaking factor (~2.1 factor), are expected to be <150 mW/particle (well below the 250 mW/particle limit, even with the larger 425-micron kernel size).

  14. International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods & Reactor Physics (M&C 2009) Saratoga Springs, New York, May 3-7, 2009, on CD-ROM, American Nuclear Society, LaGrange Park, IL (2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods & Reactor Physics (M&C 2009) Saratoga Springs, New York, May 3-7, 2009, on CD-ROM, American Nuclear Society, LaGrange Park, IL (2009 and Nuclear Engineering Troy, New York, 12180 D.P. Barry, G. Leinweber, N.J. Drindak (ret.), J.G. Hoole Knolls

  15. International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods & Reactor Physics (M&C 2009) Saratoga Springs, New York, May 3-7, 2009, on CD-ROM, American Nuclear Society, LaGrange Park, IL (2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods & Reactor Physics (M&C 2009) Saratoga Springs, New York, May 3-7, 2009, on CD-ROM, American Nuclear Society, LaGrange Park, IL (2009.P. Barry Department of Mechanical Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 110 8

  16. Physical Protection

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of interests under the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) purview ranging from facilities, buildings, Government property, and employees to national security interests such as classified information, special nuclear material (SNM), and nuclear weapons. Cancels Section A of DOE M 470.4-2 Chg 1. Canceled by DOE O 473.3.

  17. Fundamentals of Plasma Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callen, James D.

    of students (from physics, engineering physics, elec- trical engineering, nuclear engineering and other un;PREFACE Plasma physics is a relatively new branch of physics that became a mature science over the last). Thus, plasma physics has developed in large part as a branch of applied or engineering physics

  18. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS G: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 29 (2003) 769775 PII: S0954-3899(03)58133-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    distributions of the fragments, knock-out and stripping reactions, Coulomb excitation, etc. Rare nuclear experiments. Correlation experiments with low-energy proton­proton 0954-3899/03/040769+07$30.00 © 2003 IOP. The same happens in nuclear interactions in peripheral collisions, when little energy is transferred

  19. Physics high-ranking Journals (category 2) Advances in Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physics high-ranking Journals (category 2) Advances in Physics Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science Applied Physics Letters Astronomy & Astrophysics Astronomy and Astrophysics Review Astrophysical Journal European Physical Journal D. Atomic, Molecular

  20. Proceedings of the workshop on nuclear and particle physics at energies up to 31 GeV: new and future aspects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowman, J.D.; Kisslinger, L.S.; Silbar, R.R. (eds.)

    1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains the proceedings of the LAMPF Workshop on Nuclear and Particle Physics at Energies up to 31 GeV, New and Future Aspects, held in Los Alamos, January 5 to 8, 1981. Included are invited talks and contributed papers covering recent developments in (a) weak and unified interactions (including discussions of neutrino oscillations), (b) the hadronic description of strong interactions, (c) the quark description of strong interactions, (d) hypernuclei, and (e) new facilities and proposed experiments. One of the motivations for the Workshop was to explore physics justifications for a future high-intensity proton accelerator in this energy regime. Separate abstracts were prepared for papers from this meeting. Six papers were previously included in the data base.

  1. Standard guide for application of radiation monitors to the control and physical security of special nuclear material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1.1 This guide briefly describes the state-of-the-art of radiation monitors for detecting special nuclear material (SNM) (see 3.1.11) in order to establish the context in which to write performance standards for the monitors. This guide extracts information from technical documentation to provide information for selecting, calibrating, testing, and operating such radiation monitors when they are used for the control and protection of SNM. This guide offers an unobtrusive means of searching pedestrians, packages, and motor vehicles for concealed SNM as one part of a nuclear material control or security plan for nuclear materials. The radiation monitors can provide an efficient, sensitive, and reliable means of detecting the theft of small quantities of SNM while maintaining a low likelihood of nuisance alarms. 1.2 Dependable operation of SNM radiation monitors rests on selecting appropriate monitors for the task, operating them in a hospitable environment, and conducting an effective program to test, calibrat...

  2. Rapid prediction of various physical properties for middle distillate fuel utilizing directly coupled liquid chromatography//sup 1/H nuclear magnetic resonance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caswell, K.A.; Glass, T.E.; Swann, M.; Dorn, H.C.

    1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A group property approach has been developed to predict 17 physical properties of middle distillate (e.g., jet and diesel) fuels from experimentally derived liquid chromatography//sup 1/H nuclear magnetic resonance (LC//sup 1/H NMR) data. In the LC//sup 1/H NMR technique, the fuel is separated according to chemical class and the average molecular structure for each chemical class is then calculated. These average molecular structures form a basis set to predict the physical properties of the fuel. The physical properties that can be obtained in this manner are cetane number, cetane index, density, specific gravity, pour point, flash point, viscosity, filterability, heat of combustion, cloud point, volume percent aromatics, residual carbon content, and the initial, 10%, 50%, 90%, and end boiling points. Fourteen of the correlation coefficients for the predictions are better than 0.90 with 11 of the predictions falling either within or approximately equal to the ASTM method reproducibility for the measurement of the fuel property. The present method also provides chemical insight concerning the influence of chemical structural changes on the physical properties of the fuel as well as requiring much less analysis time and sample volume than corresponding ASTM methods.

  3. Co-operation Agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research and the Department of Energy of the United States of America and the National Science Foundation of the United States of America concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in Nuclear and Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co-operation Agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research and the Department of Energy of the United States of America and the National Science Foundation of the United States of America concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in Nuclear and Particle Physics

  4. Announcement of selection for Doctoral positions Doctoral School in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . THE RECTOR Given Law no. 210 of the 3rd of July 1998 and in particular, art. 4, which assigns methods and models Physics of Matter Nuclear and Sub nuclear Physics Applied Physics Teaching and History grant Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) concerning the following topic "Physics

  5. 20th International Training Course (ITC-20) on the physical protection of nuclear facilities and materials evaluation report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramirez, Amanda Ann

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this evaluation report is to provide the information necessary to improve the effectiveness of the ITC provided to the International Atomic Energy Agency Member States. This report examines ITC-20 training content, delivery methods, scheduling, and logistics. Ultimately, this report evaluates whether the course provides the knowledge and skills necessary to meet the participants needs in the protection of nuclear materials and facilities.

  6. 342 Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B58 (1991) 342-346 North-Holland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Carl

    of the Mn-based, ternary Heusler alloy PtMnSb 112,131, which is a very promising material for normal to investigate physical prop- erties of surfaces, in particular, the electronic, magnetic and chemical properties- and short-ranged surface magnetic order in ferro- magnetic samples. In addition, grazing-angle particle

  7. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 559 (2006) 352354 Further developments in the CUORICINO experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on neutrinoless Double Beta Decay (DBD) of 130 Te consisting of an array of 62 TeO2 crystals with a total active discovery in the field of particle physics. The discovery of the neutrinoless Double Beta Decay (0n- DBD

  8. arXiv:submit/0451583[physics.gen-ph]8Apr2012 Including Nuclear Degrees of Freedom in a Lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian C.

    of condensed matter physics. In the Fleischmann­Pons excess heat effect [4, 5], a great deal of energy Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA E-mail: plh@mit.edu 2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology. Lahore, Pakistan Abstract. Motivated by many

  9. Summary of the Activities of the Experimental Section of the Nuclear Physics Division in the Past Month

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium OxideSumin Kim Sumin Kim SuminAugust 27 -Summary of-a!!

  10. QCD Thermodynamics at High Temperature Peter Petreczky Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics (NP),

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedlesAdvancedJanuary 13,Putting veterans to8 (ReleasedQA/QCQCD

  11. Engineering and Physics Optimization of Breed and Burn Fast Reactor Systems; NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH INITIATIVE (NERI) QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ERROR, [value too long for type character varying(50); Hejzlar, Pavel; Yarsky, Peter; Driscoll, Mike; Wachs, Dan; Weaver, Kevan; Czerwinski, Ken; Pope, Mike; Parry, James; Marshall, Theron D.; Davis, Cliff B.; Crawford, Dustin; Hartmann, Thomas; Saha, Pradip

    2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This project is organized under four major tasks (each of which has two or more subtasks) with contributions among the three collaborating organizations (MIT, INEEL and ANL-West): Task A: Core Physics and Fuel Cycle; Task B: Core Thermal Hydraulics; Task C: Plant Design; Task D: Fuel Design The lead PI, Michael J. Driscoll, has consolidated and summarized the technical progress submissions provided by the contributing investigators from all sites, under the above principal task headings.

  12. Announcement of selection for Doctoral positions Doctoral School in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE RECTOR Given Law no. 210 of the 3rd of July 1998 and in particular, art. 4, which assigns, mathematical methods and models Physics of Matter Nuclear and Sub nuclear Physics Applied Physics Teaching specifically "Silicon photonics" 2 grants Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) in topics concerning

  13. Physics Division annual report - 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries are given of progress accomplished for the year in the following areas: (1) Heavy-Ion Nuclear Physics Research; (2) Operation and Development of Atlas; (3) Medium-Energy Nuclear Physics Research; (4) Theoretical Physics Research; and (5) Atomic and Molecular Physics Research.

  14. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY DIV. ANNUAL REPORT 1980-81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerny, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polarization Phenomena in Nuclear Physics-1980, AIP Conf.Barrett and D.F. Jackson, Nuclear Sizes and Structure, (K Production in Relativistic Nuclear Collisions A. Shor, K.

  15. Canadian Nuclear Astrophysics Institute Letter of Intent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herwig, Falk

    nuclear physics data as well as astronomical observations, both of which are critically needed in order 1 Canadian Nuclear Astrophysics Institute Letter of Intent Final version April 29, 2011), astrophysics and nuclear physics theory and computational simulation (TC) as well as nuclear physics

  16. 22.101 Applied Nuclear Physics (Fall 2006) Lecture 8 (10/4/06) Neutron-Proton Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    We continue the study of the neutron-proton system by taking up the well-known problem of neutron scattering in hydrogen. The scattering cross section has been carefully measured to be 20.4 barns over a wide energy range. Our intent is to apply the method of phase shifts summarized in the preceding lecture to this problem. We see very quickly that the s-wave approximation (the condition of interaction at low energy) is very well justified in the neutron energy range of 1- 1000 eV. The scattering-state solution, with E> 0, gives us the phase shift or equivalently the scattering length. This calculation yields a cross section of 2.3 barns which is considerably different from the experimental value. The reason for the discrepancy lies in the fact that we have not taken into account the spin-dependent nature of the n-p interaction. The neutron and proton spins can form two distinct spin configurations, the two spins being parallel (triplet state) or anti-parallel (singlet), each giving rise to a scattering length. When this is taken into account, the new estimate is quite close to the experimental value. The conclusion is therefore that n-p interaction is spin-dependent and that the anomalously large value of the hydrogen scattering cross section for neutrons is really due to this aspect of the nuclear force. For the scattering problem our task is to solve the radial wave equation for s-wave for solutions with E> 0. The interior and exterior solutions have the form ur () = Bsin ( Kr ' ) , r < ro (8.1) and ur () = C sin(

  17. Publisher's Note: ''The MaPLE device of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics: Construction and its plasma aspects'' [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 073507 (2010)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pal, Rabindranath; Biswas, Subir; Basu, Subhasis; Chattopadhyay, Monobir; Basu, Debjyoti; Chaudhuri, Manis [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Magnetized Plasma Linear Experimental (MaPLE) device is a low cost laboratory plasma device at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics fabricated in-house with the primary aim of studying basic plasma physics phenomena such as plasma instabilities, wave propagation, and their nonlinear behavior in magnetized plasma regime in a controlled manner. The machine is specially designed to be a versatile laboratory device that can provide a number of magnetic and electric scenario to facilitate such studies. A total of 36 number of 20-turn magnet coils, designed such as to allow easy handling, is capable of producing a uniform, dc magnetic field of about 0.35 T inside the plasma chamber of diameter 0.30 m. Support structure of the coils is planned in an innovative way facilitating straightforward fabrication and easy positioning of the coils. Further special feature lies in the arrangement of the spacers between the coils that can be maneuvered rather easily to create different magnetic configurations. Various methods of plasma production can be suitably utilized according to the experimental needs at either end of the vacuum vessel. In the present paper, characteristics of a steady state plasma generated by electron cyclotron resonance method using 2.45 GHz microwave power are presented. Scans using simple probe drives revealed that a uniform and long plasma column having electron density {approx} 3-5 Multiplication-Sign 1010 cm-3 and temperature {approx} 7-10 eV, is formed in the center of the plasma chamber which is suitable for wave launching experiments.

  18. Testing two nuclear physics approximations used in the standard leaky box model for the spallogenic production of LiBeB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Kneller; J. R. Phillips; T. P. Walker

    2003-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The spallative production rates of Lithium, Beryllium and Boron (LiBeB) are a necessary component in any calculation of the evolution of these nuclei in the Galaxy. Previous calculations of these rates relied on two assumptions relating to the nuclear physics aspects: the straight-ahead approximation that describes the distribution of fragment energies and the assumption that the major contributor to the production rate arises from single-step reactions between primary cosmic ray projectiles and interstellar medium targets. We examine both assumptions by using a semi-empirical description for the spall's energy distribution and by including the reactions that proceed via intermediary fragments. After relaxing the straight-ahead approximation we find the changes in the production rates and emerging fluxes are small and do not warrant rejection of this approximation. In contrast we discover that two-step reactions can alter the production rate considerably leading to noticeable increases in the efficiency of producing the LiBeB nuclei. Motivated by this result we introduce a cascade technique to compute the production rates exactly and find that the results differ only slightly from those of our two-step calculations. We thus conclude that terminating the reaction network at the two-step order is sufficiently accurate for current studies of spallation.

  19. Z Machine | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    use for the nuclear weapons mission as well as increased interest by researchers in high energy density physics, condensed matter physics, planetary science, and laboratory...

  20. Nuclear Systems Modeling & Simulation | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Systems Modeling and Simulation SHARE Nuclear Systems Modeling and Simulation Reactor physics depletion model for the Advanced Test Reactor Reactor physics depletion model for the...

  1. Nuclear Systems Modeling, Simulation & Validation | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Systems Modeling and Simulation SHARE Nuclear Systems Modeling, Simulation and Validation Reactor physics depletion model for the Advanced Test Reactor Reactor physics depletion...

  2. MASTER'S OF ADVANCED STUDIES IN MEDICAL PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Physiology as applied to Medical Physics · Radiobiology · Radiation Physics · Radiation Dosimetry · Physics of Nuclear Medicine · Medical Physics Imaging Fundamentals · Physics of Diagnostic and Interventional radiology, nuclear medicine and radiation protection in a hospital of the clinical network (hospitals

  3. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING and INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY NUCLEAR FUSION Nucl. Fusion 46 (2006) 477486 doi:10.1088/0029-5515/46/4/008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dewar, Robert L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , The Australian National University, Canberra 2600, Australia Received 9 November 2005, accepted for publication 1, Australia 2 Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering

  4. Proposal for a High Energy Nuclear Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, David A.; Vogt, Ramona

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposal for a High Energy Nuclear Database David A. Brown 1it requires the high-energy nuclear physics com- munityís ?compilations of high-energy nuclear data for applications

  5. Nuclear scales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friar, J.L.

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear scales are discussed from the nuclear physics viewpoint. The conventional nuclear potential is characterized as a black box that interpolates nucleon-nucleon (NN) data, while being constrained by the best possible theoretical input. The latter consists of the longer-range parts of the NN force (e.g., OPEP, TPEP, the {pi}-{gamma} force), which can be calculated using chiral perturbation theory and gauged using modern phase-shift analyses. The shorter-range parts of the force are effectively parameterized by moments of the interaction that are independent of the details of the force model, in analogy to chiral perturbation theory. Results of GFMC calculations in light nuclei are interpreted in terms of fundamental scales, which are in good agreement with expectations from chiral effective field theories. Problems with spin-orbit-type observables are noted.

  6. Physics Division progress report for period ending September 30, 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research and development activities are summarized in the following areas: Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility, nuclear physics, the UNISOR program, accelerator-based atomic physics, theoretical physics, nuclear science applications, atomic physics and plasma diagnostics for fusion program, high-energy physics, the nuclear data project, and the relativistic heavy-ion collider study. Publications and papers presented are listed. (WHK)

  7. Physical Protection

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B.

  8. Physical Protection

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Chg 1, dated 3/7/06. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B

  9. Intermediate Energy Nuclear Physics Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunne, James, A.

    2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The originally proposed and funded research activities followed two major areas of study: semileptonic probes of the hadronic neutral current and charm production. The charm production work revolved around the Jefferson Lab experiment E03-008, 'Sub-threshold J/psi Photoprouction', which ran in late 2004. The PI was a co-spokesperson for the experiment. For the three year renewal proposal starting in 2007, the scope and size of the research project changed and increased. In addition to the parity violating studies, the PI had well defined lead roles in a series experiments nucleon spin-structure functions.

  10. About Nuclear Physics | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearch Highlights MediaFuel Production ASUEMSL

  11. Physics Division annual review, April 1, 1991--March 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henning, W.F.

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains brief discusses on topics in the following areas: Research at atlas; operation and development of atlas; medium-energy nuclear physics and weak interactions; theoretical nuclear physics; and atomic and molecular physics research.

  12. Physics division annual report 2006.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glover, J.; Physics

    2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This report highlights the activities of the Physics Division of Argonne National Laboratory in 2006. The Division's programs include the operation as a national user facility of ATLAS, the Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System, research in nuclear structure and reactions, nuclear astrophysics, nuclear theory, investigations in medium-energy nuclear physics as well as research and development in accelerator technology. The mission of nuclear physics is to understand the origin, evolution and structure of baryonic matter in the universe--the core of matter, the fuel of stars, and the basic constituent of life itself. The Division's research focuses on innovative new ways to address this mission.

  13. Nuclear Structure Aspects in Nuclear Astrophysics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear Astrophysics as a broad and diverse field of study can be viewed as a magnifier of the impact of microscopic processes on the evolution of macroscopic events. One of the primary goals in Nuclear Astrophysics is the understanding of the nucleosynthesis processes that take place in the cosmos and the simulation of the correlated stellar and explosive burning scenarios. These simulations are strongly dependent on the input from Nuclear Physics which sets the time scale for all stellar dynamic processes--from giga-years of stellar evolution to milliseconds of stellar explosions--and provides the basis for most of the signatures that we have for the interpretation of these events--from stellar luminosities, elemental and isotopic abundances to neutrino flux from distant supernovae. The Nuclear Physics input comes through nuclear structure, low energy reaction rates, nuclear masses, and decay rates. There is a common perception that low energy reaction rates are the most important component of the required nuclear physics input; however, in this article we take a broader approach and present an overview of the close correlation between various nuclear structure aspects and their impact on nuclear astrophysics. We discuss the interplay between the weak and the strong forces on stellar time scales due to the limitations they provide for the evolution of slow and rapid burning processes. The effects of shell structure in nuclei on stellar burning processes as well as the impact of clustering in nuclei is outlined. Furthermore we illustrate the effects of the various nuclear structure aspects on the major nucleosynthesis processes that have been identified in the last few decades. We summarize and provide a coherent overview of the impact of all aspects of nuclear structure on nuclear astrophysics.

  14. APPLIED PHYSICS APPLIED PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    MSc APPLIED PHYSICS #12;MSc APPLIED PHYSICS This taught Masters course is based on the strong research in Applied Physics in the University's Department of Physics. The department has an impressive photonics and quantum optics, Physics and the Life Sciences, and solid state physics. The knowledge gained

  15. The elements of nuclear power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennet, D.J.; Thomson, J.R.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An introduction to the principles of nuclear fission power generation. Describes the physical processes which occur in a nuclear reactor and discusses the theory behind the calculations. Also covers heat transfer in reactors, thermodynamic power cycles, reactor operators, and radiation shielding. Material covered includes topics on the effects of nuclear radiation on humans, the safety of nuclear reactors and of those parts of the nuclear fuel cycle which deal with fuel element manufacture and the reprocessing of irradiated fuel.

  16. Nuclear Physics A346 (1980) 191-215; @ North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam Not to be reproduced by photoprint or microfilm without written permission from the publisher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomorski, Krzysztof

    of such reactions possess an appreciable excitation energy dissipated among many nuclear degrees of freedom 2 of the nuclear self-consistent field and especially the shape parameters, and the deformation energy of the density of neutron resonances and of the strength functions for reactions in which the low-spin states

  17. Between the poles : locating physics majors in the expert-novice continuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gire, Elizabeth Ellen

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nuclear physics and astrophysics; advanced thermodynamics, the third law,nuclear, and elementary particle physics. 100A. Electromagnetism: Coulombí s law,

  18. Pioneering the nuclear age

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seaborg, G.T.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the historical aspects of nuclear physics. The scientific aspects of the early transuranium elements are discussed and arms control measures are reviewed. 11 refs., 14 figs. (LSP)

  19. For more information please visit the programme website: http://www.ictp.it/programmes/mmp.aspx MASTER'S OF ADVANCED STUDIES IN MEDICAL PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Radiobiology - Radiation Physics - Radiation Dosimetry - Physics of Nuclear Medicine - Medical Physics Imaging in radiotherapy, diagnostic and interventional radiology, nuclear medicine and radiation protection in a hospital

  20. Global Nuclear Energy Initiative at LBNL | U.S. DOE Office of...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Global Nuclear Energy Initiative at LBNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Applications of Nuclear Science Applications of...

  1. NUCLEAR SPIN ISOSPIN RESPONSES FOR LOW-ENERGY NEUTRINOS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    NUCLEAR SPIN ISOSPIN RESPONSES FOR LOW-ENERGY NEUTRINOS Hiroyasu EJIRI Nuclear Physics Laboratory@rcnp.osaka-u.ac.jp (H. Ejiri). Physics Reports 338 (2000) 265}351 Nuclear spin isospin responses for low-energy Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567 Japan. E-mail address: ejiri

  2. Constraints on Non-Standard Neutrino Interactions and Unparticle Physics with Neutrino-Electron Scattering at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Deniz er al.; TEXONO Collaboration

    2010-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino-electron scatterings are purely leptonic processes with robust Standard Model (SM) predictions. Their measurements can therefore provide constraints to physics beyond SM. The $\

  3. Neutron Detectors for Detection of Nuclear Materials at LANL...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26Germantown Building 1000 Independence...

  4. NUCLEAR DATA RESOURCES FOR ADVANCED ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PRITYCHENKO, B.

    2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of the National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) includes collection, evaluation, and dissemination of nuclear physics data for basic nuclear research and applied nuclear technologies. In 2004, to answer the needs of nuclear data users, NNDC completed a project to modernize storage and management of its databases and began offering new nuclear data Web services. Examples of nuclear reaction, nuclear structure and decay database applications along with a number of nuclear science codes are also presented.

  5. INFN - LABORATORI NAZIONALI DI FRASCATI

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinan antagonist Journal Article: Crystal structureComposite--FORRemarksHEATINGI _ _ ORNL-6161Annual01291 -

  6. Symmetries in physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roelof Bijker

    2005-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of symmetries in physics is briefly reviewed. In the first part of these lecture notes, some of the basic mathematical tools needed for the understanding of symmetries in nature are presented, namely group theory, Lie groups and Lie algebras, and Noether's theorem. In the second part, some applications of symmetries in physics are discussed, ranging from isospin and flavor symmetry to more recent developments involving the interacting boson model and its extension to supersymmetries in nuclear physics.

  7. Nuclear technology for the year 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eighteen papers and abstracts are presented under the following session headings: space nuclear power, health physics and dosimetry, nuclear design and thermal hydraulics, nuclear diagnostics, and fusion technology and plasma physics. The papers were processed separately for the data base. (DLC)

  8. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 425 (1999) 480--487 A decommissioned LHC model magnet as an axion telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    Laboratorio de Fisica Nuclear y Atlas Energias, Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, E50009 Zaragoza LHC bending magnet can be utilized as a macroscopic coherent solar axion-to-photon converter.V. All rights reserved. PACS: 41.85.Lc; 85.25.Ly; 14.80.-j; 14.80.Mz; 92.60.Vb; 95 Keywords: Solar axions

  9. Physics Division progress report for period ending June 30, 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Progress is reported in detail in the following areas: Holifield Heavy-Ion Research Facility, nuclear physics, the UNISOR program, neutron physics, theoretical physics, the Nuclear Data Project, atomic and plasma physics, and high energy physics. Publications are listed. Separate abstracts were prepared for 34 papers. (WHK)

  10. Nuclear Science References Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Pritychenko; E. B?tŠk; B. Singh; J. Totans

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

  11. In support of the Department of Physics, enclosed is my gift of $1000 $500 $250 $100 $_________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Matthew

    for Excellence in Nuclear Engineering and Nuclear Physics (771021) Gerald M. Almy Memorial Fund (775153) A. C. Pandharipande Prize in Nuclear Physics Fund 773489) Ralph O. Simmons Fund (771299) Robert A. Stein Endowed Fund deductible as allowed by law. #12;

  12. Cold nuclear fusion and muon-catalyzed fusion. (Latest citations from the INSPEC: Information services for the Physics and Engineering Communities data base). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bibliography contains citations concerning a nuclear fusion process which occurs at lower temperatures and pressures than conventional fusion reactions. The references describe theoretical and experimental results for a proposed muon-catalyzed fusion reactor, and for studies on muon sticking and reactivation. The temperature dependence of fusion rates, and resolution of some engineering challenges are also discussed. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  13. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNEP/2002104

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN≠EP/2002≠104 November 7, 2002 Performance Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, RU-630090 Novosibirsk, Russia. E. Augīe, C. Bourdarios, D. Breton, W

  14. University of Surrey FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    for research in low-energy nuclear physics. Basic knowledge of many-body and quantum field theories and Facilities Council to promote advance in Nuclear Structure and Reactions. The Nuclear Physics Group of Surrey in both theory and experiment. Members of the group actively nuclear structure and reaction theory

  15. Proceedings of the international conference on nuclear physics, August 24-30, 1980, Berkeley, California. Volume 1. Abstracts. [Berkeley, California, August 24-30, 1980 (abstracts only)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume contains all abstracts (931) received by the conference organizers before June 20, 1980. The abstracts are grouped according to the following topics: nucleon-nucleon interactions, free and in nuclei; distribution of matter, charge, and magnetism; exotic nuclei and exotic probes; giant resonances and other high-lying excitations; applications of nuclear science; nuclei with large angular momentum and deformation; heavy-ion reactions and relaxation phenomena; new techniques and instruments; pion absorption and scattering by nuclei; and miscellaneous. Some of these one-page abstracts contain data. A complete author index is provided. (RWR)

  16. Quantum Condensates in Nuclear Matter: Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Ropke; D. Zablocki

    2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In connection with the contribution "Quantum Condensates in Nuclear Matter" some problems are given to become more familiar with the techniques of many-particle physics.

  17. Accident Response Group | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    involving nuclear weapons. The ARG staff includes scientists, engineers, technicians, health physics and safety specialist from NNSA's and the Department of Energy's national...

  18. Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence for Nuclear Materials Assay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quiter, Brian Joseph

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Potential of Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence . . . . . . . .2.9.1 Nuclear ThomsonSections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nuclear Resonance

  19. Nuclear Databases: National Resource Nuclear databases consists of carefully organized scientific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Nuclear Databases: National Resource Nuclear databases consists of carefully organized scientific information that has been gathered over 50 years of low-energy nuclear physics research worldwide. These powerful databases have enormous value and they represent a genuine national resource. Six core nuclear

  20. Post detonation nuclear forensics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Jay [The Hertz Foundation, 2300 First Street, Suite 250, Livermore, California (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of working backwards from the debris of a nuclear explosion to attempt to attribute the event to a particular actor is singularly difficult technically. However, moving from physical information of any certainty through the political steps that would lead to national action presents daunting policy questions as well. This monograph will outline the operational and physical components of this problem and suggest the difficulty of the policy questions that remain.

  1. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 21900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lombardi, John R.

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 21900 Physics for Architecture Students Designation suggested material: Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications (6th ed.) (required), Prentice Hall Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications, Student Guide (6th ed.) (optional), Prentice Hall Course

  2. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 20300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lombardi, John R.

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 20300 General Physics Designation: Required Undergraduate Catalog description: For majors in the life sciences (biology, medicine, dentistry, psychology, physical therapy) and for liberal arts students. Fundamental ideas and laws of physics from mechanics to modern

  3. Nuclear Nonproliferation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Nonproliferation As more countries embrace nuclear power as a cost-effective and clean alternative to fossil fuels, the need exists to ensure that the nuclear fuel cycle is...

  4. Nuclear Engineering Nuclear Criticality Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    Nuclear Engineering Nuclear Criticality Safety The Nuclear Engineering Division (NE) of Argonne National Laboratory is experienced in performing criticality safety and shielding evaluations for nuclear, and neutron spectra. The NE nuclear criticality safety (NCS) capabilities are based on a staff with decades

  5. Nuclear Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Energy Idaho National Laboratory is the Department of Energy's lead nuclear energy research and development facility. Building upon its legacy responsibilities,...

  6. Selected topics in nuclear astrophysics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez-Pinedo, Gabriel [Institut fuer Kernphysik (Theoriezentrum), Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Schlossgartenstrasse 2, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany and GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerioneneforschung, Planckstrasse 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this lectures after a brief introduction to stellar reaction rates and its implementation in nuclear networks, I discuss the nuclear physics aspects of core collapse supernova and explosive nucleosynthesis and their significance for the production of heavy elements by the rapid neutron capture process and potentially also by the recently discovered {nu}p process.

  7. Nuclear pairing: basic phenomena revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. F. Bertsch

    2012-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    I review the phenomena associated with pairing in nuclear physics, most prominently the ubiquitous presence of odd-even mass differences and the properties of the excitation spectra, very different for even-even and odd-A nuclei. There are also significant dynamical effects of pairing, visible in the inertias associated with nuclear rotation and large-amplitude shape deformation.

  8. Computational Infrastructure for Nuclear Astrophysics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Michael S.; Hix, W. Raphael; Bardayan, Daniel W.; Blackmon, Jeffery C. [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831-6354 (United States); Lingerfelt, Eric J.; Scott, Jason P.; Nesaraja, Caroline D. [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831-6354 (United States); Dept. Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-1200 (United States); Chae, Kyungyuk; Guidry, Michael W. [Dept. Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-1200 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831-6354 (United States); Koura, Hiroyuki [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Meyer, Richard A. [RAME' Inc., Teaticket, MA, 02536 (United States)

    2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A Computational Infrastructure for Nuclear Astrophysics has been developed to streamline the inclusion of the latest nuclear physics data in astrophysics simulations. The infrastructure consists of a platform-independent suite of computer codes that is freely available online at nucastrodata.org. Features of, and future plans for, this software suite are given.

  9. Theoretical studies in nuclear reactions and nuclear structure. Progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research in the Maryland Nuclear Theory Group focusses on problems in four basic areas of current relevance. Hadrons in nuclear matter; the structure of hadrons; relativistic nuclear physics and heavy ion dynamics and related processes. The section on hadrons in nuclear matter groups together research items which are aimed at exploring ways in which the properties of nucleons and the mesons which play a role in the nuclear force are modified in the nuclear medium. A very interesting result has been the finding that QCD sum rules supply a new insight into the decrease of the nucleon`s mass in the nuclear medium. The quark condensate, which characterizes spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking of the late QCD vacuum, decreases in nuclear matter and this is responsible for the decrease of the nucleon`s mass. The section on the structure of hadrons contains progress reports on our research aimed at understanding the structure of the nucleon. Widely different approaches are being studied, e.g., lattice gauge calculations, QCD sum rules, quark-meson models with confinement and other hedgehog models. A major goal of this type of research is to develop appropriate links between nuclear physics and QCD. The section on relativistic nuclear physics represents our continuing interest in developing an appropriate relativistic framework for nuclear dynamics. A Lorentz-invariant description of the nuclear force suggests a similar decrease of the nucleon`s mass in the nuclear medium as has been found from QCD sum rules. Work in progress extends previous successes in elastic scattering to inelastic scattering of protons by nuclei. The section on heavy ion dynamics and related processes reports on research into the e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} problem and heavy ion dynamics.

  10. Theoretical studies in nuclear reactions and nuclear structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research in the Maryland Nuclear Theory Group focusses on problems in four basic areas of current relevance. Hadrons in nuclear matter; the structure of hadrons; relativistic nuclear physics and heavy ion dynamics and related processes. The section on hadrons in nuclear matter groups together research items which are aimed at exploring ways in which the properties of nucleons and the mesons which play a role in the nuclear force are modified in the nuclear medium. A very interesting result has been the finding that QCD sum rules supply a new insight into the decrease of the nucleon's mass in the nuclear medium. The quark condensate, which characterizes spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking of the late QCD vacuum, decreases in nuclear matter and this is responsible for the decrease of the nucleon's mass. The section on the structure of hadrons contains progress reports on our research aimed at understanding the structure of the nucleon. Widely different approaches are being studied, e.g., lattice gauge calculations, QCD sum rules, quark-meson models with confinement and other hedgehog models. A major goal of this type of research is to develop appropriate links between nuclear physics and QCD. The section on relativistic nuclear physics represents our continuing interest in developing an appropriate relativistic framework for nuclear dynamics. A Lorentz-invariant description of the nuclear force suggests a similar decrease of the nucleon's mass in the nuclear medium as has been found from QCD sum rules. Work in progress extends previous successes in elastic scattering to inelastic scattering of protons by nuclei. The section on heavy ion dynamics and related processes reports on research into the e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} problem and heavy ion dynamics.

  11. National Center for Nuclear Security: The Nuclear Forensics Project (F2012)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klingensmith, A. L.

    2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    These presentation visuals introduce the National Center for Nuclear Security. Its chartered mission is to enhance the Nationís verification and detection capabilities in support of nuclear arms control and nonproliferation through R&D activities at the NNSS. It has three focus areas: Treaty Verification Technologies, Nonproliferation Technologies, and Technical Nuclear Forensics. The objectives of nuclear forensics are to reduce uncertainty in the nuclear forensics process & improve the scientific defensibility of nuclear forensics conclusions when applied to nearsurface nuclear detonations. Research is in four key areas: Nuclear Physics, Debris collection and analysis, Prompt diagnostics, and Radiochemistry.

  12. Nuclear Matter and Nuclear Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M Colonna

    2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights on the recent research activity, carried out by the Italian Community involved in the "Nuclear Matter and Nuclear Dynamics" field, will be presented.

  13. Safety Culture in the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Reactor Oversight Process

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presenter: Undine Shoop, Chief, Health Physics and Human Performance Branch, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

  14. Nuclear Wallet Cards at BNL | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26Germantown Building 1000 Independence...

  15. Nuclear Reaction Cross Sections Database at BNL | U.S. DOE Office...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26Germantown Building 1000 Independence...

  16. Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence at MIT | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26Germantown Building 1000 Independence...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - astrophysical nuclear reactions Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics 2 Nuclear data for astrophysics Michael S. Smitha Summary: to determine thermonuclear reaction rates and Q-values to determine releases of nuclear energy. Astrophysical...

  18. Primer on nuclear exchange models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hafemeister, David [Physics Department, Cal Poly University, San Luis Obispo, California (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Basic physics is applied to nuclear force exchange models between two nations. Ultimately, this scenario approach can be used to try and answer the age old question of 'how much is enough?' This work is based on Chapter 2 of Physics of Societal Issues: Calculations on National Security, Environment and Energy (Springer, 2007 and 2014)

  19. Theories of Low Energy Nuclear Transmutations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. N. Srivastava; A. Widom; J. Swain

    2012-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Employing concrete examples from nuclear physics it is shown that low energy nuclear reactions can and have been induced by all of the four fundamental interactions (i) (stellar) gravitational, (ii) strong, (iii) electromagnetic and (iv) weak. Differences are highlighted through the great diversity in the rates and similarity through the nature of the nuclear reactions initiated by each.

  20. THE NUCLEAR SURFACE D. F. JACKSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    THE NUCLEAR SURFACE D. F. JACKSON Dept. of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, U.K. Abstract. -- Nuclear scattering and reactions which give information on the nuclear surface are described. These processes include elastic scattering of electrons and of high energy protons, pion reactions with nuclei

  1. International Nuclear Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doyle, James E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation discusses: (1) Definitions of international nuclear security; (2) What degree of security do we have now; (3) Limitations of a nuclear security strategy focused on national lock-downs of fissile materials and weapons; (4) What do current trends say about the future; and (5) How can nuclear security be strengthened? Nuclear security can be strengthened by: (1) More accurate baseline inventories; (2) Better physical protection, control and accounting; (3) Effective personnel reliability programs; (4) Minimize weapons-usable materials and consolidate to fewer locations; (5) Consider local threat environment when siting facilities; (6) Implement pledges made in the NSS process; and (7) More robust interdiction, emergency response and special operations capabilities. International cooperation is desirable, but not always possible.

  2. ASSOCIATED LABORATORY PLASMA PHYSICS AND ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

    and approved by the "Consultative Committee for the Specific Research and Training Programme on Nuclear Energy in the frame of the so-called Broader Approach to Fusion Energy; · Collaboration on Nuclear FusionASSOCIATED LABORATORY ON PLASMA PHYSICS AND ENGINEERING Centro de Fusão Nuclear Centro de Física

  3. Physics of Neutron Star Crusts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Chamel; P. Haensel

    2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The physics of neutron star crusts is vast, involving many different research fields, from nuclear and condensed matter physics to general relativity. This review summarizes the progress, which has been achieved over the last few years, in modeling neutron star crusts, both at the microscopic and macroscopic levels. The confrontation of these theoretical models with observations is also briefly discussed.

  4. @Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    @Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major. From the basic laws of physics to the resulting emergent behavior, physics studies what the universe is made of and how it works. As a Physics major that surrounds us, to the structure and evolution of the entire universe. We offer three degrees in Physics

  5. Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Density Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, R. C.; Katsouleas, T.; Arons, J.; Baring, M.; Deeney, C.; Di Mauro, L.; Ditmire, T.; Falcone, R.; Hammer, D.; Hill, W.; Jacak, B.; Joshi, C.; Lamb, F.; Lee, R.; Logan, B. G.; Melissinos, A.; Meyerhofer, D.; Mori, W.; Murnane, M.; Remington, B.; Rosner, R.; Schneider, D.; Silvera, I.; Stone, J.; Wilde, B.; Zajc. W.

    2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The report is intended to identify the compelling research opportunities of high intellectual value in high energy density physics. The opportunities for discovery include the broad scope of this highly interdisciplinary field that spans a wide range of physics areas including plasma physics, laser and particle beam physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, atomic and molecular physics, materials science and condensed matter physics, intense radiation-matter interaction physics, fluid dynamics, and magnetohydrodynamics

  6. C Produced by Nuclear Power Reactors Generation and Characterization of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haviland, David

    14 C Produced by Nuclear Power Reactors ¬≠ Generation and Characterization of Gaseous, Liquid and process water from nuclear reactors ¬≠ A method for quantitative determination of organic and inorganic and Solid Waste √?sa Magnusson Division of Nuclear Physics Department of Physics 2007 Akademisk avhandling

  7. Exploring medium effects on the nuclear force

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F. Sammarruca

    2004-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This STI product contains a description of results from theoretical studies in nuclear physics. The goal is a systematic investigation of the nuclear force in the nuclear medium. The problems addressed are: density-dependent effective interactions as seen through proton-nucleus reactions, nuclear matter with unequal densities of protons and neutrons, applications to asymmetric nuclei through predictions of neutron radii and neutron skins.

  8. Nuclear spectroscopic studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bingham, C.R.; Guidry, M.W.; Riedinger, L.L.; Sorensen, S.P.

    1993-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Physics group at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville is involved in several aspects of heavy-ion physics including both nuclear structure and reaction mechanisms. While our main emphasis is on experimental problems involving heavy-ion accelerators, we have maintained a strong collaboration with several theorists in order to best pursue the physics of our measurements. During the last year we have led several experiments at the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility and participated in others at Argonne National Laboratory. Also, we continue to be very active in the collaboration to study ultra-relativistic heavy ion physics utilizing the SPS accelerator at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland and in a RHIC detector R D project. Our experimental work is in four broad areas: (1) the structure of nuclei at high angular momentum, (2) heavy-ion induced transfer reactions, (3) the structure of nuclei far from stability, and (4) ultra-relativistic heavy-ion physics. The results of studies in these particular areas will be described in this document in sections IIA, IIB, IIC, and IID, respectively. Areas (1), (3), and (4) concentrate on the structure of nuclear matter in extreme conditions of rotational motion, imbalance of neutrons and protons, or very high temperature and density. Area (2) pursues the transfer of nucleons to states with high angular momentum, both to learn about their structure and to understand the transfer of particles, energy, and angular momentum in collisions between heavy ions. An important component of our program is the strong emphasis on the theoretical aspects of nuclear structure and reactions.

  9. Nuclear Masses in Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christine Weber; Klaus Blaum; Hendrik Schatz

    2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Among all nuclear ground-state properties, atomic masses are highly specific for each particular combination of N and Z and the data obtained apply to a variety of physics topics. One of the most crucial questions to be addressed in mass spectrometry of unstable radionuclides is the one of understanding the processes of element formation in the Universe. To this end, accurate atomic mass values of a large number of exotic nuclei participating in nucleosynthesis are among the key input data in large-scale reaction network calculations. In this paper, a review on the latest achievements in mass spectrometry for nuclear astrophysics is given.

  10. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lombardi, John R.

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 32300 Quantum Mechanics for Engineers Designation: required for Physics majors in the Applied Physics Option Undergraduate Catalog description: Basic experiments, wave: Physics 20700 and 20800, Math 39100 and Math 39200 Textbook and other suggested material: Scherrer

  11. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 42200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lombardi, John R.

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 42200 Biophysics Designation: Undergraduate Catalog and membranes. In depth study of the physical basis of selected systems including vision, nerve transmission. Prerequisites: Prereq.: 1 yr. of Math, 1 yr. of Physics (elective for Physics Majors and Biomedical Engineering

  12. Physics Division annual review, April 1, 1988--March 31, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thayer, K.J. (ed.)

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document discusses the following main topics: Research at Atlas; Operation and Development of Atlas; Medium-Energy Nuclear Physics and Weak Interactions; Theoretical Nuclear Physics; Interactions of Fast Atomic and Molecular Ions with Solid and Gaseous Targets; Atomic Physics at Synchrotron Light Sources; Atomic Physics at Atlas and the ECR Source; Theoretical Atomic Physics; High-Resolution Laser-rf Spectroscopy of Atomic and Molecular Beams; and Fast Ion-Beam/Laser Studies of Atomic and Molecular Structure.

  13. Physics Division annual report, April 1, 1993--March 31, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thayer, K.J. [ed.; Henning, W.F.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the Argonne National Laboratory Physics Division Annual Report for the period April 1, 1993 to March 31, 1994. It summarizes work done in a number of different fields, both on site, and at other facilities. Chapters describe heavy ion nuclear physics research, operation and development of the ATLAS accelerator, medium-energy nuclear physics research, theoretical physics, and atomic and molecular physics research.

  14. Presented at 1998 Symposium on Radiation Measurements and Applications, May 11-14, 1998, Ann Arbor, MI. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 422 (1999) 505-509.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becchetti, Fred

    (or Polarized) Low-Energy Radioactive Beams via Two Successive Nuclear Reactions: Tertiary Beams F to 100/s) of low-energy, very neutron-, proton-rich or highly-polarized radioactive nuclear beams (RNBs nuclear beams (RNBs) via fragmen- tation reactions [1-4] of high-energy stable beams (18 O, 22 Ne, 44 Ar

  15. Physics division progress report for period ending September 30 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livingston, A.B. (ed.)

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses research being conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in physics. The areas covered are: Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility; low/medium energy nuclear physics; high energy experimental physics; the Unisor program; experimental atomic physics; laser and electro-optics lab; theoretical physics; compilations and evaluations; and radioactive ion beam development. (LSP)

  16. SciTech Connect: Some past and present uses of nuclear-explosion...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Some past and present uses of nuclear-explosion sources in physics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Some past and present uses of nuclear-explosion sources in physics...

  17. Background Long history of research and education in "nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemurell, Stefan

    · Degradation Nuclear Materials · Multi physics modelling · Severe nuclear accidents · Non destructive testing#12;Background · Long history of research and education in "nuclear engineering" at Chalmers. · "Nuclear engineering" = multi-disciplinary research area. #12;Background Establishment of the Sustainable

  18. Nuclear Engineer (Nuclear Safety Specialist)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A successful candidate of this position will serve as a Nuclear Engineer (Nuclear Safety Specialist) responsible for day-to-day technical monitoring, and evaluation of aspects of authorization...

  19. Progress at LAMPF (Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility), January--December 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poelakker, K. (ed.)

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains brief papers on research conducted at the lampf facility in the following areas: nuclear and particle physics; astrophysics; atomic and molecular physics; materials science; nuclear chemistry; radiation effects and radioisotope production.

  20. Basic Research for an Era of Nuclear Energy at LBNL, LLNL, AND...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Basic Research for an Era of Nuclear Energy at LBNL, LLNL, AND LANL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Applications of Nuclear...

  1. Physics Flash Newsletter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory and Modeling LosPhysics Links Jobs in Physics

  2. 18January 1996 PhysicsLettersB 367(1996)55-59

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsch George F.

    particle production G.F. Bertsch a, I? Danielewicz b aPhysics Department and Institutejbr Nuclear Theory

  3. Part I STATISTICAL PHYSICS 1 Statistical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    In this first part of the book we shall study aspects of classical statistical physics that every physicist should know, but are not usually treated in elementary thermodynamics courses. Our study will lay the microphysical (particle-scale) foundations for the continuum physics of Parts IIóVI. As a central feature of our approach, we shall emphasize the intimate connections between the relativistic formulation of statistical physics and its nonrelativistic limit, and between quantum statistical physics and the classical theory. Throughout, we shall presume that the reader is familiar with elementary thermodynamics, but not with other aspects of statistical physics. In Chap. 2 we will study kinetic theory ó the simplest of all formalisms for analyzing systems of huge numbers of particles (e.g., molecules of air, or neutrons diffusing through a nuclear reactor, or photons produced in the big-bang origin of the Universe). In kinetic theory the key concept is the ďdistribution function Ē or ďnumber density of particles in phase spaceĒ, N; i.e., the number of particles per unit 3-dimensional volume of ordinary space and per unit 3-dimensional volume of momentum space. Despite first appearances, N turns out to be a geometric, frame-independent entity. This N and the frame-independent laws it

  4. Part I STATISTICAL PHYSICS 1 Statistical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this first part of the book we shall study aspects of classical statistical physics that every physicist should know, but are not usually treated in elementary thermodynamics courses. Our study will lay the microphysical (particle-scale) foundations for the continuum physics of Parts IIóVI. As a central feature of our approach, we shall emphasize the intimate connections between the relativistic formulation of statistical physics and its nonrelativistic limit, and between quantum statistical physics and the classical theory. Throughout, we shall presume that the reader is familiar with elementary thermodynamics, but not with other aspects of statistical physics. In Chap. 2 we will study kinetic theory ó the simplest of all formalisms for analyzing systems of huge numbers of particles (e.g., molecules of air, or neutrons diffusing through a nuclear reactor, or photons produced in the big-bang origin of the Universe). In kinetic theory the key concept is the ďdistribution function Ē or ďnumber density of particles in phase spaceĒ, N; i.e., the number of particles per unit 3-dimensional volume of ordinary space and per unit 3-dimensional volume of momentum space. Despite first appearances, N turns out to be a geometric, frame-independent entity. This N and the frame-independent laws it

  5. Part I STATISTICAL PHYSICS 1 Statistical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    In this first part of the book we shall study aspects of classical statistical physics that every physicist should know but are not usually treated in elementary thermodynamics courses. This study will lay the microphysical (particle-scale) foundations for the continuum physics of Parts IIóVI. Throughout, we shall presume that the reader is familiar with elementary thermodynamics, but not with other aspects of statistical physics. As a central feature of our approach, we shall emphasize the intimate connections between the relativistic formulation of statistical physics and its nonrelativistic limit, and between quantum statistical physics and the classical theory. Chapter 2 will deal with kinetic theory, which is the simplest of all formalisms for studying systems of huge numbers of particles (e.g., molecules of air, or neutrons diffusing through a nuclear reactor, or photons produced in the big-bang origin of the Universe). In kinetic theory the key concept is the ďdistribution function Ē or ďnumber density of particles in phase spaceĒ, N; i.e., the number of particles per unit 3-dimensional volume of ordinary space and per unit 3-dimensional volume of momentum space. Despite first appearances, N turns out to be a geometric, frame-independent entity. This N and the laws it obeys provide

  6. Alexey Anisyonkov Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to manage data Userfriendly Web interface to control and to manage stored configuration data Command line interface for base functionalities to retrieve and to modify data Web I/F, python API to query and browsing database information #12;AGIS stores as external data as own data managed through API/WEB I

  7. Use of Effective Theories in Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inoue, Satoru

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    + l ? 1/2)e r /2 R n?1,l (r)Y lm (?), (B.18) a more generalexpression p p e r R nl (r)Y lm (?) (n ? 1)! ?(n + l +l + 1/2 ? p) e r R n?p,l (r)Y lm (?) (B.19) can be derived.

  8. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERTY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    and metering tests were performed. The machine was closed, even though a platform cable bolt hole stripped on the surface of the resistor during manufacture is sometimes slightly flawed. In these cases close inspection as a replacement. The box was taken outside for electrical modifications and to fit the old fine valve in place

  9. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    that this failure is likely due to the manufacturing process perhaps exacerbated by electric stress during the 20 dust free, but with some oil film in the HE end. 7-04-08 · Mechanical and electrical tests were. · The column was wiped using RBS and water. · The terminal was opened to check the Ion Pump supplies and cables

  10. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    later in the year. · Test the emergency lights · Perform electrical and mechanical tests and inspect all protection resistor had failed and was open circuit. · It was decided to commence manufacture of a new nylon opened for ventilating the tank overnight · The platform cable/sealing fasteners were released ready

  11. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    to be the most likely place to find a fault since the terminal had been reliable for ten years. The Mid Section-06-06 · The HE Mid section was reassembled and the machine closed for evacuation. MID SECTION The tank pressure was at approximately 60 PSIA when it was realised that control of the mid section had been lost and that temperature

  12. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    alignment device which we had made and found to be very successful. In a recent letter to us, N.E.C. pointed out that they had made a similar device and used it on the Sao Paolo machine as long ago as 1975. We). There was spark damage on the new tyres in all three driving positions. In places, the tyre lip was penetrated

  13. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    is compiled by: A. Cooper Tank crew: A. Cooper, Gareth Crook, J. Heighway, T. Kitchen, N. Lobanov, A. MuirheadV insulation test of the column. Perform electrical and mechanical tests and inspect all idlers, chains the 14UD was OK and compliant with the Confined Space regulations. · The platform was deployed

  14. National Nuclear Physics Summer School (NNPSS) 2011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | NationalJohn F.DemonstrateScientistsResourceTopics and Lecturers

  15. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    that there was a slight vibration in the LE shaft. This was felt to be in the region of the motor. The HE shaft had a very to be noisy and vibrating slightly. Thorough investigation of all three motor pulley sets allayed immediate slight noise between U17 and U18. No action was deemed necessary. · The HV gap test found no problems

  16. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    with continuation of the schedule, so a tank opening was decided on. Tank Opening 26 June 89 Half the gas taken out 89 to 30 June 89 D.C. Weisser R. Turkentine Reason for Tank Opening Sparking in Unit 9 Preamble Machine closed on 23 May 1989. The immediate problem was chain slippage due to excessive oil. Running

  17. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY. ' . . . DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    time,- excluding the days for gas-transfer. THE-FIRST-TANK-OPENING -Exp16rat6ryt6ur. We are now -very sensitive to anything relating to the _condition of our tank gas and as soon as .the doors are opened, first as at the last tank opening, (smell not reported). There was a,lot of oil in the bottom of the tank; much more

  18. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    contributed to the nylon rod failure. Contact was removed and all mating surfaces cleaned with Carborundum

  19. Jefferson Lab Nuclear Physics Events: Seminars

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJefferson Lab Click onLaser Twinkles inPEM Thisthe LaserEvents

  20. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 35400

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lombardi, John R.

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 35400 Electricity and Magnetism II Designation potentials and radiation, special relativity. 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR. Prerequisites: Prereq.: Physics 35300; pre- or coreq.: Math 39200 (required for Physics majors, except those in the Biomedical Option). Textbook

  1. Nuclear Counterterrorism

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Order defines requirements for the protection of sensitive improvised nuclear device information and provides a framework to support DOE activities related to nuclear counterterrorism. (A supplemental DOE Manual, Control of and Access to Improvised Nuclear Device Information, provides requirements and procedures for protecting Sigma 20 information.) Appendices A and B are Official Use Only. Point of contact is Adam Boyd (NA-82), 202-586-0010. Cancels DOE O 457.1 and DOE M 457.1-1.

  2. analysis nuclear deterrence: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sassot; Marco Stratmann; Pia Zurita 2011-12-29 20 Mycle Schneider Consulting Independent Analysis on Energy and Nuclear Policy Physics Websites Summary: Mycle Schneider Consulting...

  3. applied nuclear science: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    & Radiation Health Physics Program Outcomes Ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Nuclear...

  4. advanced nuclear engineering: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    engineering leaders from industry, government de Weck, Olivier L. 8 Nuclear Science & Engineering Plasma Physics and Fusion Websites Summary: Center Massachusetts Institute of...

  5. australian nuclear science: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Volume6No.5 Science Magazine of the australian national Chen, Ying 3 Nuclear Science & Engineering Plasma Physics and Fusion Websites Summary: Center Massachusetts Institute of...

  6. apex nuclear fuel: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fuel fabrication, in-core physics and fuel management of uranium, thorium and other fuel types, ... Kazimi, Mujid S. 19 Nuclear Waste Imaging and Spent Fuel Verification by...

  7. nuclear controls

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    the Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NIS) is to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons, materials, technology, and expertise. NIS applies technical...

  8. alignment essential physical: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Physics Performance Results Nuclear Experiment (arXiv) Summary: The ALICE detector was designed to track and identify particles in a wide transverse momentum range,...

  9. The Extreme Physics Explorer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Elvis

    2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Some tests of fundamental physics - the equation of state at supra-nuclear densities, the metric in strong gravity, the effect of magnetic fields above the quantum critical value - can only be measured using compact astrophysical objects: neutron stars and black holes. The Extreme Physics Explorer is a modest sized (~500 kg) mission that would carry a high resolution (R ~300) X-ray spectrometer and a sensitive X-ray polarimeter, both with high time resolution (~5 ?s) capability, at the focus of a large area (~5 sq.m), low resolution (HPD~1 arcmin) X-ray mirror. This instrumentation would enable new classes of tests of fundamental physics using neutron stars and black holes as cosmic laboratories.

  10. physics | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    physics physics Leads No leads are available at this time. 15N2 formation and fast oxygen isotope exchange during pulsed 15N18O exposure of MnOxCeO2. Abstract: Pulsing 15N18O onto...

  11. PROBING DENSE NUCLEAR MATTER VIA NUCLEAR COLLISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, H.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University of California. LBL-12095 Probing Dense NuclearMatter Nuclear Collisions* v~a H. Stocker, M.Gyulassy and J. Boguta Nuclear Science Division Lawrence

  12. Electroweak Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Hollik

    2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Work on electroweak precision calculations and event generators for electroweak physics studies at current and future colliders is summarized.

  13. Graphite in Science and Nuclear Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhmurikov, E I; Pokrovsky, A S; Harkov, D V; Dremov, V V; Samarin, S I

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The monograph is devoted to the application of graphite and graphite composites in science and technology. The structure and electrical properties, the technological aspects of production of high-strength synthetic graphites, the dynamics of the graphite destruction, traditionally used in the nuclear industry are discussed. It is focuses on the characteristics of graphitization and properties of graphite composites based on carbon isotope 13C. The book is based, generally, on the original results, and concentrated on the actual problems of application and testing of graphite materials in modern nuclear physics, in scientific and technical applications. For scientists and engineers specializing in nuclear physics and engineering, physics of nuclear reactors, condensed matter, for undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate students of universities physical specialties.

  14. Graphite in Science and Nuclear Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. I. Zhmurikov; I. A. Bubnenkov; A. S. Pokrovsky; D. V. Harkov; V. V. Dremov; S. I. Samarin

    2013-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The monograph is devoted to the application of graphite and graphite composites in science and technology. The structure and electrical properties, the technological aspects of production of high-strength synthetic graphites, the dynamics of the graphite destruction, traditionally used in the nuclear industry are discussed. It is focuses on the characteristics of graphitization and properties of graphite composites based on carbon isotope 13C. The book is based, generally, on the original results, and concentrated on the actual problems of application and testing of graphite materials in modern nuclear physics, in scientific and technical applications. For scientists and engineers specializing in nuclear physics and engineering, physics of nuclear reactors, condensed matter, for undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate students of universities physical specialties.

  15. Physics Division progress report for period ending September 30, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livingston, A.B. (ed.)

    1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses topics in the following areas: Holifield heavy ion research; Experimental Nuclear physics; The Uniser program; Experimental Atomic Physics; Theoretical Physics; Laser and electro-optics lab; High Energy Physics; compilations and evaluations; and accelerator design and development. (FI)

  16. Nuclear Technology Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, J.E. (ed.)

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document reports on the work done by the Nuclear Technology Programs of the Chemical Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, in the period April--September 1988. These programs involve R D in three areas: applied physical chemistry, separation science and technology, and nuclear waste management. The work in applied physical chemistry includes investigations into the processes that control the release and transport of fission products under accident-like conditions, the thermophysical properties of selected materials in environments simulating those of fusion energy systems. In the area of separation science and technology, the bulk of the effort is concerned with developing and implementing processes for the removal and concentration of actinides from waste streams contaminated by transuranic elements. Another effort is concerned with examining the feasibility of substituting low-enriched for high-enriched uranium in the production of fission-product {sup 99}Mo. In the area of waste management, investigations are underway on the performance of materials in projected nuclear repository conditions to provide input to the licensing of the nation's high-level waste repositories.

  17. Key features of INTOR nuclear systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdou, M.A.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The conceptual design effort for INTOR was broadly defined in three areas: (1) Plasma Physics, (2) Engineering, and (3) Nuclear Systems. This paper is devoted to a summary of the Nuclear Systems effort. The emphasis is placed on the First Wall, Breeding Blanket, and Divertor.

  18. Texas A and M University student/professional nuclear science and engineering conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstracts of papers presented at the meeting are included. Topics discussed include: reactor engineering; space nuclear power systems; health physics and dosimetry; fusion engineering and physics; and reactor physics and theory.

  19. Physical Sciences 2007 Science & Technology Highlights

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hazi, A U

    2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Physical Sciences Directorate applies frontier physics and technology to grand challenges in national security. Our highly integrated and multidisciplinary research program involves collaborations throughout Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Department of Energy, and with academic and industrial partners. The Directorate has a budget of approximately $150 million, and a staff of approximately 350 employees. Our scientists provide expertise in condensed matter and high-pressure physics, plasma physics, high-energy-density science, fusion energy science and technology, nuclear and particle physics, accelerator physics, radiation detection, optical science, biotechnology, and astrophysics. This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical Sciences Directorate that made news in 2007. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2007.

  20. Nuclear Counterterrorism

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Order defines requirements for the protection of sensitive improvised nuclear device information and provides a framework to support DOE activities related to nuclear counterterrorism. (A supplemental DOE Manual, Control of and Access to Improvised Nuclear Device Information, provides requirements and procedures for protecting Sigma 20 information. The Manual is Official Use Only, and is not available on the Directives Portal. The point of contact for the Manual is Randall Weidman, NA-121.2, 202-586-4582.) Canceled by DOE O 457.1A

  1. Countering Nuclear Terrorism and Trafficking | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Countering Nuclear Terrorism and Trafficking | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

  2. NUCLEAR PLANT OPERATIONS AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PŠzsit, Imre

    NUCLEAR PLANT OPERATIONS AND CONTROL KEYWORDS: neutron flux, cur- rent noise, vibration diagnostics: Swedish Nuclear Powe

  3. Space Nuclear

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Space Nuclear Today the INL is preparing to assist with the Multi-Mission RTG (MMRTG). The INL is assigned the final assembly and testing of the RTG for the project which is...

  4. Nuclear Golf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2006-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Broadcast Transcript: Pay no attention to that nuclear warhead behind the 18th hole; just shout "Fore!" and drive your Titleist down the fairway. In a development that is bizarre even by North Korean standards, the country ...

  5. Nuclear Hydrogen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrogen High temperature options for nuclear generation of hydrogen on a commercial basis are several years in the future. Thermo-chemical water splitting has been proven to be...

  6. Nuclear forces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Machleidt, R. [Department of Physics, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844 (United States)

    2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    These lectures present an introduction into the theory of nuclear forces. We focus mainly on the modern approach, in which the forces between nucleons emerge from low-energy QCD via chiral effective field theory.

  7. Nuclear Reactions from Lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raķl A. BriceŮo; Zohreh Davoudi; Thomas C. Luu

    2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the overarching goals of nuclear physics is to rigorously compute properties of hadronic systems directly from the fundamental theory of strong interactions, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In particular, the hope is to perform reliable calculations of nuclear reactions which will impact our understanding of environments that occur during big bang nucleosynthesis, the evolution of stars and supernovae, and within nuclear reactors and high energy/density facilities. Such calculations, being truly ab initio, would include all two-nucleon and three- nucleon (and higher) interactions in a consistent manner. Currently, lattice QCD provides the only reliable option for performing calculations of some of the low- energy hadronic observables. With the aim of bridging the gap between lattice QCD and nuclear many-body physics, the Institute for Nuclear Theory held a workshop on Nuclear Reactions from Lattice QCD on March 2013. In this review article, we report on the topics discussed in this workshop and the path planned to move forward in the upcoming years.

  8. Nuclear reactions from lattice QCD

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Briceno, Raul A. [JLAB; Davoudi, Zohreh; Luu, Thomas C.

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the overarching goals of nuclear physics is to rigorously compute properties of hadronic systems directly from the fundamental theory of strong interactions, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In particular, the hope is to perform reliable calculations of nuclear reactions which will impact our understanding of environments that occur during big bang nucleosynthesis, the evolution of stars and supernovae, and within nuclear reactors and high energy/density facilities. Such calculations, being truly ab initio, would include all two-nucleon and three- nucleon (and higher) interactions in a consistent manner. Currently, lattice QCD provides the only reliable option for performing calculations of some of the low- energy hadronic observables. With the aim of bridging the gap between lattice QCD and nuclear many-body physics, the Institute for Nuclear Theory held a workshop on Nuclear Reactions from Lattice QCD on March 2013. In this review article, we report on the topics discussed in this workshop and the path planned to move forward in the upcoming years.

  9. Emergency Response Health Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mena, RaJah [National Security Technologies, LLC, Remote Sensing LaboratoryĖNellis; Pemberton, Wendy [National Security Technologies, LLC, Remote Sensing LaboratoryĖNellis; Beal, William [Remote Sensing Laboratory at Andrews

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Health physics is an important discipline with regard to understanding the effects of radiation on human health; however, there are major differences between health physics for research or occupational safety and health physics during a large-scale radiological emergency. The deployment of a U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) monitoring and assessment team to Japan in the wake of the March 2011 accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant yielded a wealth of lessons on these difference. Critical teams (CMOC (Consequence Management Outside the Continental U.S.) and CMHT (Consequence Management Home Team) ) worked together to collect, compile, review, and analyze radiological data from Japan to support the response needs of and answer questions from the Government of Japan, the U.S. military in Japan, the U.S. Embassy and U.S. citizens in Japan, and U.S. citizens in America. This paper addresses the unique challenges presented to the health physicist or analyst of radiological data in a large-scale emergency. A key lesson learned was that public perception and the availability of technology with social media requires a diligent effort to keep the public informed of the science behind the decisions in a manner that is meaningful to them.

  10. Physics Fellow

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as Institute of Physics Fellow January 18, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, January 18, 2011-Alan Bishop, Los Alamos National Laboratory's associate director for theory, simulation,...

  11. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/9782

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN≠PPE/97≠82 14 July 1997 Search for new physics in energetic single photon production in e + e \\Gamma annihilation at the Z resonance L3 Collaboration Abstract at the Z resonance is sensitive to new physics. Processes contributing to the invisible width \\Gamma inv

  12. NUCLEAR SCIENCE PUBLICATIONS OF ROBERT B. WEISENMILLER, PH.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 NUCLEAR SCIENCE PUBLICATIONS OF ROBERT B. WEISENMILLER, PH.D. 1. Two-proton Pickup Studies, K. H. Wilcox, G. J. Wozniak, M. S. Zisman, and J. Cerny. Nuclear Physics A 280, 217. 1977. 3 Spectroscopic Measurement via Exotic Nuclear Rearrangement: The Reaction 26 Mg (7 Li, 8 B), 25 Ne. With K. H

  13. Nuclear fission and nuclear safeguards: Common technologies and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keepin, G.R.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear fission and nuclear safeguards have much in common, including the basic physical phenomena and technologies involved as well as the commitments and challenges posed by expanding nuclear programs in many countries around the world. The unique characteristics of the fission process -- such as prompt and delayed neutron and gamma ray emission -- not only provide the means of sustaining and controlling the fission chain reaction, but also provide unique ''signatures'' that are essential to quantitative measurement and effective safeguarding of key nuclear materials (notably /sup 239/Pu and /sup 235/U) against theft, loss, or diversion. In this paper, we trace briefly the historical emergence of safeguards as an essential component of the expansion of the nuclear enterprise worldwide. We then survey the major categories of passive and active nondestructive assay techniques that are currently in use or under development for rapid, accurate measurement and verification of safe-guarded nuclear materials in the many forms in which they occur throughout the nuclear fuel cycle. 23 refs., 14 figs.

  14. DOE Fundamentals Handbook: Classical Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Classical Physics Fundamentals Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors provide operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of physical forces and their properties. The handbook includes information on the units used to measure physical properties; vectors, and how they are used to show the net effect of various forces; Newton`s Laws of motion, and how to use these laws in force and motion applications; and the concepts of energy, work, and power, and how to measure and calculate the energy involved in various applications. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the basic operation of various types of DOE nuclear facility systems and equipment.

  15. DOE Fundamentals Handbook: Classical Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Classical Physics Fundamentals Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors provide operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of physical forces and their properties. The handbook includes information on the units used to measure physical properties; vectors, and how they are used to show the net effect of various forces; Newton's Laws of motion, and how to use these laws in force and motion applications; and the concepts of energy, work, and power, and how to measure and calculate the energy involved in various applications. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the basic operation of various types of DOE nuclear facility systems and equipment.

  16. DANE TECHNICAL NOTE INFN -LNF, Accelerator Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)

    centimeter, of a Titanium layer, for Carbon monoxide, at room temperature is: S = 9 liters sec.cm2 therefore DANE VACUUM SYSTEM The use of Titanium Sublimation Pumps (TSP) V. Chimenti The vacuum chamber 20000 9 = 2200 square centimeters must be seen by the evaporator(s). Titanium reacts with CO giving

  17. DANE TECHNICAL NOTE INFN -LNF, Accelerator Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)

    . PUMPING SPEEDS FOR THE DESORBED GASES Carbon monoxide This gas is efficiently pumped by Titanium to Titanium triode ion pumps since they efficiently pump methane (vendors will be requested to provide

  18. DANE TECHNICAL NOTE INFN -LNF, Accelerator Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)

    In spite of some unexpected difficulties and delays, much progress has been made: the superconducting coil at the end of '96. The cooling of the coil in the DANE hall cannot be before May '97 (expected delivery production more difficult and caused some delay: it is foreseen that by Spring '97 only one half cylinder

  19. DANE TECHNICAL NOTE INFN -LNF, Accelerator Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)

    , and desorption will be produced in Al by photoelectrons created in the copper. The only differences are VUV. The latter will be remedied by opening the vertical aperture. There are two possible set-ups differing isolated and water cooled Cu block would be in- serted into an aluminum T including some instrumentation

  20. DANE TECHNICAL NOTE INFN -LNF, Accelerator Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)

    of possible high power loss. Another potential danger is creation of dust particles between the sliding of the coupling of the power spectrum lines to the HOMs is not negligible. The power loss in case of the full coupling can be of the order of some thousand watts. In order to estimate the possible power loss we can