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Sample records for nova scotia power

  1. An Examination of Nova Scotia Power Incorporated's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    1 An Examination of Nova Scotia Power Incorporated's Green Power Rider Larry Hughes Department (NSPI) made application to the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board for an Optional Green Power Rider to be added to their existing Domestic (that is, residential) Services Rates [1]. The proposed Green Power

  2. NSUARB -NSPI -P-887 NOVA SCOTIA UTILITY AND REVIEW BOARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    it to purchase electricity from out-of-province suppliers such as NB Power or Quebec Hydro. These higher costs ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM (FAM) FOR NOVA SCOTIA POWER INCORPORATED Comments on FAM Proposals Filed 5 March 2007 Background Unlike most other Canadian utilities, Nova Scotia Power Incorporated relies on fossil energy

  3. Nova Scotia Department of Energy's "Nova Scotia Energy Strategy -Progress Report II"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    Review of Nova Scotia Department of Energy's "Nova Scotia Energy Strategy - Progress Report II" Larry Hughes Energy Research Group Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Dalhousie University 30 April 2004 Abstract Early in March 2004, the Nova Scotia Department of Energy released its

  4. Energy Security in Nova Scotia Larry Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    of energy) PV ­ Photovoltaic (usually solar panels that generate electricity from the sun) RES ­ RenewableERG/200703 Energy Security in Nova Scotia Larry Hughes Energy Research Group Department: Energy Security in Nova Scotia 1 Glossary b/d ­ barrels per day BCF ­ Billion Cubic Feet CAPP ­ Canadian

  5. Efficiency Nova Scotia Releases Energy Efficiency Mobile App...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    chairs, and a window looking outside. Better Buildings Residential Network member Efficiency Nova Scotia recently released Spot it-an energy efficiency game app for mobile...

  6. Nova Scotia Research and Innovation Graduate Scholarships Information Sheet May 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · ICT · Life Sciences · Ocean Science and Tecnology #12;Nova Scotia Research and Innovation Graduate

  7. Towards a new energy strategy for Nova Scotia Response to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada larry.hughes@dal.ca http://lh.ece.dal.ca/enen 19 December 2007 Natural gas RPP Coal (imp) Coal (dom) Renewables (non-utility) Secure Low carbon High carbon Insecure #12

  8. Energy Security in Nova Scotia Larry Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    ;Energy security: Examples · UK: ­ North Sea oil and natural gas have peaked ­ Relying on Russia (pipeline.3% Coal 25.1% Natural gas 20.9% Biomass 10.6% Nuclear 6.5% Hydro 2.2% Other 0.4% · Energy: ­ Over 98, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland · Natural gas: ­ B.C., Alberta, Saskatchewan, Frontier · Coal: ­ B.C., Alberta, Nova

  9. Dendrochronological dating of coal mine workings at the Joggins Fossil Cliffs, Nova Scotia, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Bradley B.

    Dendrochronological dating of coal mine workings at the Joggins Fossil Cliffs, Nova Scotia, Canada, New Brunswick E4L 1A7, Canada 2. Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Holloway, University of London, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada * Corresponding author Date received 4 May 2010 ¶ Date

  10. An Analysis of Likely Scalants in the Treatment of Produced Water from Nova Scotia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theil, Gregory P.

    A significant barrier to further use of hydraulic fracturing to recover shale oil and/or gas is the treatment and/or disposal of hypersaline produced water. This work is an analysis of produced water from Nova Scotia, with ...

  11. NOVA SCOTIA UTILITY AND REVIEW BOARD IN THE MATTER OF: The Public Utilities Act, R.S.N.S. 1989, c.380 as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    itself differently from the Independent Power Producers who were competing for11 contracts.12 I have also.S.N.S. 1989, c.380 as amended - and - IN THE MATTER OF: An Application by Nova Scotia Power Incorporated of the7 provincial legislature.8 I have also examined NSPI's Green Power Rider, which was subsequently

  12. Space Heating Trends in Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia1 Mandeep Dhaliwal and Larry Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    ERG/200604 Space Heating Trends in Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia1 Mandeep Dhaliwal and Larry in a northern country such as Canada. Residential space heating is of particular interest in Prince Edward (NRCan) suggests that despite their similarities, the space heating requirements for Prince Edward Island

  13. EIS-0339: Presidential Permit Application, GenPower 500 kV Submarine Electric Transmission Cable from Nova Scotia to New York

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) announced its intent to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) for GenPower New York, L.L.C.’s (GenPower) request for a Presidential permit for a proposed international electric transmission line.

  14. Does Nova Scotia have an electric future? Response to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    and radical changes in energy markets (IEA, 2007a; NPC, 2007). The cost and availability of crude oil, and electricity (IEA, 2007b). Jurisdictions that rely on supplies of crude oil, coal, and natural gas will be particularly vulnerable to cost increases and supply shortfalls (IEA, 2007b). One such jurisdiction is Nova

  15. Efficiency Nova Scotia Releases Energy Efficiency Mobile App | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EVthe nextofof Energy Efficiency Nova

  16. Chronology and stratigraphy of the Fundy and related Nova Scotia offshore basins and Morocco based on core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen, Paul E.

    #12;51 Chronology and stratigraphy of the Fundy and related Nova Scotia offshore basins and Morocco and provided a basis for the development of a complete lithological and paleomagnetic reversal stratigraphy for the Blomidon Formation (Kent and Olsen, 2000). The paleomagnetic polarity stratigraphy of the outcropping

  17. NOVA SCOTIA UTILITY AND REVIEW BOARD IN THE MATTER OF: The Public Utilities Act, R.S.N.S. 1989, c.380 as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3J 2X4, Canada larry.hughes@dal.ca 24 November 2004 Abstract Energy suppliers-subsidization, and does not allow the energy supplier to create price signals. Although other, more progressive billing schemes, such as time-of-usage billing, exist, some energy suppliers and their customers are reluctant

  18. Dalhousie Medical School Cancer Researcher Seeks Biomarkers of Treatment Success HALIFAX,NOVA SCOTIA | CANADA B3H 4H7 | +1 (902) 494-2756

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dellaire, Graham

    ,NOVA SCOTIA | CANADA B3H 4H7 | +1 (902) 494-2756 FACULTY OF MEDICINE COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE NEWS & FEATURE are like the canary in the coal mine, alerting us to potentially cancer-causing changes in the cell and testing biomarkers for early detection of cancer in Atlantic Canada. "My work to locate biomarkers

  19. Text and slides of presentation originally presented to the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board regarding the province's Demand Side Management program,19 April 2010.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    households, heats his home with oil (Nova Scotia Finance 2007). When we discussed the issue of oil sources (APERC 2007, Hughes and Shupe 2010). We now live in an age of rising competition for oil products: China and other emerging market economies are increasing their consumption of oil at breathtaking speed

  20. Professor Paul S. Hill Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taggart, Christopher

    /OETR Nearfield effects of tidal power 2009-2012 $208,344 U. S. ONR OASIS II 2010-2011 $142,000 OEER/OETR Farfield effects of tidal power generation 2006-2011: $134,500 NSERC Discovery Oil-mineral aggregation in coastal in the Bay of Fundy #12;2010-2012 $109,329 U. S. ONR Tidal Flats DRI II 2010-2012 $182,300 OEER

  1. Response to P-887 Adoption of a Fuel Adjustment Mechanism (FAM) for Nova Scotia Power Incorporated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    as estimated by utility Less than estimated Higher than estimated Consumer Pays more per unit of electricity in the price of electricity paid by the consumer. Rather than periodic rate cases, the utility passes fuels companies, regulated utilities are often intended to set rates that will remain in effect for lengthy

  2. Pulsed power supply for Nova Upgrade. Final report, August 1, 1991 to March 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bacon, J.L.; Kajs, J.P.; Walls, A.; Weldon, W.F.; Zowarka, R.C.

    1992-12-31

    This report describes work carried out at the Center for Electromechanics at The University of Texas at Austin (CEM-UT). A baseline design of the Nova Upgrade has been completed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The Nova Upgrade is an 18 beamline Nd: glass laser design utilizing fully relayed 4x4 30 cm aperture segmented optical components. The laser thus consists of 288 independent beamlets nominally producing 1.5 to 2.0 MJ of 0.35 {mu}m light in a 3 to 5 ns pulse. The laser design is extremely flexible and will allow a wide range of pulses to irradiate ICF targets. This facility will demonstrate ignition/gain and the scientific feasibility of ICF for energy and defense applications. The pulsed power requirements for the Nova Upgrade are given. CEM-UT was contracted to study and develop a design for a homopolar generator/inductor (HPG/inductor) opening switch system which would satisfy the pulsed power supply requirements of the Nova Upgrade. The Nd:glass laser amplifiers used in the Nova Upgrade will be powered by light from xenon flashlamps. The pulsed power supply for the Nova Upgrade powers the xenon flashlamps. This design and study was for a power supply to drive flashlamps.

  3. Nova Scotia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNewSt. Louis, Minnesota: EnergyOhio: EnergyNottingham,

  4. Shock-powered radio emission from V5589 Sagittarii (Nova Sgr 2012 #1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Jennifer H S; Chomiuk, Laura; Linford, Justin D; Nelson, Thomas; Mukai, Koji; Finzell, Tom; Mioduszewski, Amy; Rupen, Michael P; Walter, Frederick M

    2015-01-01

    Since the Fermi discovery of $\\gamma$-rays from novae, one of the biggest questions in the field has been how novae generate such high-energy emission. Shocks must be a fundamental ingredient. Six months of radio observations of the 2012 nova V5589 Sgr with the VLA and 15 weeks of X-ray observations with Swift/XRT show that the radio emission consisted of: 1) a shock-powered, non-thermal flare; and 2) weak thermal emission from $10^{-5}$ M$_\\odot$ of freely expanding, photoionized ejecta. Absorption features in the optical spectrum and the peak optical brightness suggest that V5589 Sgr lies at 4 kpc (3.2-4.6 kpc). The shock-powered flare was the dominant component in the radio light curve at low frequencies before day 100. The spectral evolution of the flare, its high radio brightness temperature, the presence of unusually hard ($kT_x > 33$ keV) X-rays, and the ratio of radio to X-ray flux near the peak of the flare all support the conclusions that the flare is shock-powered and non-thermal. Unlike other nova...

  5. Radiological Scoping Survey of the Scotia Depot, Scotia, NY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, E. N.

    2008-02-25

    The objectives of the radiological scoping survey were to collect adequate field data for use in evaluating the radiological condition of Scotia Depot land areas, warehouses, and support buildings.

  6. GRB 080503 late afterglow re-brightening: signature of a magnetar powered merger-nova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, He; Wu, Xue-Feng; Dai, Zi-Gao; Zhang, Bing

    2015-01-01

    GRB 080503 is a short gamma-ray burst (GRB) detected by \\emph{Swift} and has been classified as a compact-star-merger-origin GRB. The soft extended emission and the simultaneous late re-brightening in both the X-ray and optical afterglow lightcurves raise interesting questions regarding its physical origin. We show that the broad-band data of GRB 080503 can be well explained within the framework of the double neutron star merger model, provided that the merger remnant is a rapidly-rotating massive neutron star with an extremely high magnetic field (i.e. a millisecond magnetar). We show that the late optical re-brightening is consistent with the emission from a magnetar-powered "merger-nova". This adds one more case to the growing sample of merger-novae associated with short GRBs. The soft extended emission and the late X-ray excess emission are well connected through a magnetar dipole spin-down luminosity evolution function, suggesting that direct magnetic dissipation is the mechanism to produce these X-rays....

  7. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-355 Scotia...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Scotia Capital Energyto export electric energy to Canada Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No EA-355 Scotia Capital Energy More Documents & Publications EA-355 Scotia...

  8. Air Quality (Nova Scotia, Canada) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Multi-Family Residential MunicipalPublic Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider...

  9. Acadia University Wolfville, Nova Scotia BOP 1XO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLeod, Ian

    : · Chawla, J.S. (1988), A Note on General Ridge Estimator. Communications in Statistics A, 17. #12;2 ACADIA, Multivariate Analysis, Em- pirical Bayes Theory, Distribution Theory, Statistical Modelling, Robust Inference Department offers an undergraduate degree (Honours or general) in statistics. Students are trained in the use

  10. Surviving racism: African Nova Scotian women talk about the daily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    Surviving racism: African Nova Scotian women talk about the daily racism they've experienced a discussion Wednesday as part of Dalhousie's Global Health Rounds. Titled "Surviving Racism and its Impact Scotia #12;does not still have a history of racism and I can assure you that that history is strong

  11. Securing our energy future? A review of Nova Scotia's energy sector in 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    " .......................................................................................... 7 1.4. Liquefied Natural Gas ...........................................................................................4 1. Natural Gas .............................................................................................20 List of figures and tables Figure 1: Monthly offshore natural gas production to May 2005

  12. Freezing in the dark: Energy security and heating emergencies in Nova Scotia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    · Demand side management · Natural gas · Wind and tidal · Grid upgrade · Lower Churchill #12;What Canada, Survey of Household Spending in 2005, 2005 #12;Cost of fuel by quintile 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25 assistance programs: ­ "Your energy rebate" ­ Heating Assistance Rebate Program (HARP) ­ Heat Smart

  13. Assessing Success in Aquaculture from the Farmer Perspective: The Case of Nova Scotia, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles, Anthony

    (Statistics Canada, 2003). Prince Edward Island in the past 25 years has developed a cultivated mussel

  14. MHK Projects/OpenHydro Bay of Fundy Nova Scotia CA | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5 < MHK ProjectsHawaiiInformation Bay of Fundy

  15. Nucleosynthesis in classical novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Hernanz; J. Jose; A. Coc

    2001-01-19

    A general review of the relevance of classical novae for the chemical evolution of the Galaxy, as well as for Galactic radioactivity is presented. A special emphasis is put on the pioneering work done by Jim Truran in this field of research. The impact of recent developments in nuclear astrophysics on nova nucleosynthesis, together with the prospects for observability of novae radioactivities with the INTEGRAL satellite are discussed.

  16. Evolution of the Deep and Bottom Waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 19952005*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Gregory C.

    Evolution of the Deep and Bottom Waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 1995 the eastern Scotia Sea occupied in 1995, 1999, and 2005 reveals significant variability in the deep and bottom 1995 and 1999 reversed through to 2005, reflecting changes seen earlier upstream in the Weddell Sea

  17. EA-355 Scotia Capital Energy, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus, LLC to exportEndure Energy, L.L.C. to export electricScotia

  18. Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ecodrain, Inc. Ecova Efficiency Nova Scotia Elevate Energy emPower Central Coast Energy Coordinating Agency of Philadelphia Energy Efficiency Specialists Environmental Design...

  19. On the last mile : the effects of telecommunications regulation and deregulation in the rural western United States and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozak, Nadine Irène

    2010-01-01

    Atlantic Provinces are Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia,Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and

  20. On the last mile : the effects of telecommunications regulation and deregulation in the rural western United States and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozak, Nadine Irène

    2010-01-01

    Provinces are Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and NewNova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and

  1. MONITORING STRATIFICATION AND CURRENTS AT THE CONTINENTAL SLOPE OF THE SCOTIA SEA, ANTARCTICA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Melanie 1989-

    2011-05-02

    fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by MELANIE R. THORNTON MONITORING STRATIFICATION AND CURRENTS AT THE CONTINENTAL SLOPE OF THE SCOTIA SEA, ANTARCTICA Approved by... of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by MELANIE R. THORNTON iii ABSTRACT Monitoring Stratification and Currents at the Continental Slope of the Scotia Sea, Antarctica. (April 2011...

  2. THE IMPRINT OF NOVA NUCLEOSYNTHESIS IN PRESOLAR GRAINS Jordi Jose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into the interstellar medium by a thermonuclear runaway. In this paper we present isotopic ratios of intermediate Classical novae are powered by thermonuclear runaways (TNRs) that occur on the white dwarf (WD) component

  3. Response to Electricity Review Report Draft 18 February 2015 Larry Hughes, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    to the retail market. One of the first outcomes of the public consultations was the Electricity Review Report and organizations have successfully pressured both the provincial government and Nova Scotia Power to address some thermal-coal based electricity supplier, Nova Scotia Power, although still heavily reliant on coal

  4. AT Cnc: A SECOND DWARF NOVA WITH A CLASSICAL NOVA SHELL Shara...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and that at least some classical novae become dwarf novae long after their nova thermonuclear outbursts, in accord with the hibernation scenario of cataclysmic binaries. Here...

  5. Projected impacts of climate change on species distribution in the Acadian Forest region of eastern Nova Scotia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .e., hydrological cycle and earth- sun geometry. Growing degree days and mean air temperature are basedProjected impacts of climate change on species distribution in the Acadian Forest region of eastern on processing remote sensing data, mean air temperatures serves as one of several inputs to model calculation

  6. Graphics Interface Conference 2015, 35 June, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Penny Pincher: A Blazing Fast, Highly Accurate $-Family Recognizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pattanaik, Sumanta N.

    Penny Pincher: A Blazing Fast, Highly Accurate $-Family Recognizer Eugene M. Taranta II Department in certain cases. Our recognizer Penny Pincher achieves high accuracy by being able to process a large number outperform its rival recognizers. Penny Pincher achieves this goal by reducing the template matching process

  7. Some electric myths Larry Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    in residential electricity demand (133 GWh). If these trends continue into the fourth quarter, Nova Scotia Power of the rise in residential electricity demand is the result of the increased use of electricity for space of coal and Nova Scotia's demand for electricity, both of which are based, in part, upon the arguments

  8. Evolution of the Deep and Bottom Waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 19952005*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naveira Garabato, Alberto

    Evolution of the Deep and Bottom Waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 1995. The volume of deep waters with potential temperature less than 0°C decreased during 1995­2005, though. These changes are best explained by interannual variations in the deep waters exiting the Weddell Sea

  9. Argonne's Vilas Pol on NOVA!

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-04-19

    Can innovations in materials science help clean up our world? Argonne's material scientist Vilas Pol guest starred on NOVA's "Making Stuff: Cleaner," where David Pogue explored the rapidly-developing science and business of clean energy.

  10. NOvA Experiment - The Local Community

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Deb Wieber

    2010-01-08

    Local proprietors Steve and Deb Wieber discuss the impact of the NOvA experiment on their community.

  11. DOE/CETC/CANDRA Workshop on Microturbine Applications January 21-23, 2003 ~ Calgary, Alberta, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Energy General Hospital 30 kW Mariah CHP operating on Light Fuel Oil Chuck Faulkner, Nova Scotia Power Inc Alliance Canada #12;January 21 DOE/CETC/CANDRA Workshop on Microturbine Applications Agenda Wednesday

  12. NOVA Making Stuff Season 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leombruni, Lisa; Paulsen, Christine Andrews

    2014-12-12

    Over the course of four weeks in fall 2013, 11.7 million Americans tuned in to PBS to follow host David Pogue as he led them in search of engineering and scientific breakthroughs poised to change our world. Levitating trains, quantum computers, robotic bees, and bomb-detecting plants—these were just a few of the cutting-edge innovations brought into the living rooms of families across the country in NOVA’s four-part series, Making Stuff: Faster, Wilder, Colder, and Safer. Each of the four one-hour programs gave viewers a behind-the-scenes look at novel technologies poised to change our world—showing them how basic research and scientific discovery can hold the keys to transforming how we live. Making Stuff Season 2 (MS2) combined true entertainment with educational value, creating a popular and engaging series that brought accessible science into the homes of millions. NOVA’s goal to engage the public with such technological innovation and basic research extended beyond the broadcast series, including a variety of online, educational, and promotional activities: original online science reporting, web-only short-form videos, a new online quiz-game, social media engagement and promotion, an educational outreach “toolkit” for science educators to create their own “makerspaces,” an online community of practice, a series of nationwide Innovation Cafés, educator professional development, a suite of teacher resources, an “Idealab,” participation in national conferences, and specialized station relation and marketing. A summative evaluation of the MS2 project indicates that overall, these activities helped make a significant impact on the viewers, users, and participants that NOVA reached. The final evaluation conducted by Concord Evaluation Group (CEG) confidently concluded that the broadcast, website, and outreach activities were successful at achieving the project’s intended impacts. CEG reported that the MS2 series and website content were successful in raising awareness and sparking interest in innovation, and increased public awareness that basic research leads to technological innovation; this interest was also sustained over a six month period. Efforts to create an online community of practice were also successful: the quality of collaboration increased, and community members felt supported while using Maker pedagogy. These findings provide clear evidence that large-scale science media projects like MS2 are an effective means of “moving the needle” on attitudes about and excitement for science. NOVA’s broadcast audience and ratings have always indicated that a large portion of the population is interested in and engages with educational science media on a weekly basis. Yet these evaluation results provide the empirical evidence that beyond being capable of attracting, maintaining, and growing a dedicated group of citizens interested in science, these shows—with their diverse content provided on a variety of media channels—are capable of sparking new interest in science, raising public awareness of the importance of science, and maintaining and growing that interest over time. In a country where approximately a quarter of the population doesn’t know the earth rotates around the sun,1 roughly half still don’t accept evolution,2 and about 20% don’t think climate change is happening,3 the importance of these findings cannot be overstated. The success of MS2 suggests that large-scale media projects dedicated to and linked by coverage of scientific “big ideas” are an effective means of shifting public opinion on—and improving understanding of—science. REFERENCES 1, 2 National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators (2014). Chapter 7: Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Understanding. 3 Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., Feinberg, G., & Rosenthal, S. (2014) Climate change in the American mind: April, 2014. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.

  13. Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope Observations of Nova Circini 1995 and Nova Aquilae 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope Observations of Nova Circini 1995 and Nova Aquilae 1995 Bradford W 1995 and Nova Aql 1995 with the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope during the Astro­2 space shuttle mission in 1995 March. The spectra cover the wavelength range from 820 š A to 1840 š A with a spectral resolution

  14. NOVA Portal: Submit VASP Jobs to Carver via the Web

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NOVA Portal: Submit VASP Jobs to Carver via the Web NOVA Portal: Submit VASP Jobs to Carver via the Web May 11, 2012 by Francesca Verdier NOVA is an experimental web application...

  15. Title: Canadian Soil Information System (CanSIS) Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon

  16. Title: Canada Land Inventory: Land Capability for Recreation Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan Keywords (Subject): Lakes

  17. library.dal.ca University Archives &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotze, Heike K.

    and shipping registers from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. special collections features

  18. Title: ArcCanada 3.0: National Data Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon #12

  19. Title: Surficial Materials of Canada (Map 1880A) Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Keywords

  20. Title: CanVec Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon #12;Keywords

  1. Title: CanMatrix Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan

  2. Title: Enhanced Points of Interest: Canada Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon #12;Keywords

  3. Title: Platinum Postal Suite Local Delivery Unit (LDU): Canada Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon

  4. Title: Canada Land Inventory: Land Capability for Waterfowl Wildlife Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan Keywords (Subject

  5. Title: Landsat 7 Orthorectified Imageries over Canada Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec

  6. For Immediate Release April 7, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Law, Wayne

    with provincial and federal governments in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and several other Canadian provinces

  7. Title: GeoPinpoint Suite Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan

  8. Near Infrared studies during maximum and early decline of Nova Cephei 2014 and Nova Scorpii 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Mudit K; Banerjee, D P K; Sand, D

    2015-01-01

    We present multi-epoch near-infrared photo-spectroscopic observations of Nova Cephei 2014 and Nova Scorpii 2015, discovered in outburst on 2014 March 8.79 UT and 2015 February 11.84 UT respectively. Nova Cep 2014 shows the conventional NIR characteristics of a Fe II class nova characterized by strong CI, HI and O I lines, whereas Nova Sco 2015 is shown to belong to the He/N class with strong He I, HI and OI emission lines. The highlight of the results consists in demonstrating that Nova Sco 2015 is a symbiotic system containing a giant secondary. Leaving aside the T CrB class of recurrent novae, all of which have giant donors, Nova Sco 2015 is shown to be only the third classical nova to be found with a giant secondary. The evidence for the symbiotic nature is three-fold; first is the presence of a strong decelerative shock accompanying the passage of the nova's ejecta through the giant's wind, second is the H$\\alpha$ excess seen from the system and third is the spectral energy distribution of the secondary i...

  9. Shortest recurrence periods of novae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kato, Mariko [Department of Astronomy, Keio University, Hiyoshi, Yokohama 223-8521 (Japan); Saio, Hideyuki [Astronomical Institute, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Hachisu, Izumi [Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, College of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902 (Japan); Nomoto, Ken'ichi, E-mail: mariko@educ.cc.keio.ac.jp [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan)

    2014-10-01

    Stimulated by the recent discovery of the 1 yr recurrence period nova M31N 2008-12a, we examined the shortest recurrence periods of hydrogen shell flashes on mass-accreting white dwarfs (WDs). We discuss the mechanism that yields a finite minimum recurrence period for a given WD mass. Calculating the unstable flashes for various WD masses and mass accretion rates, we identified a shortest recurrence period of about two months for a non-rotating 1.38 M {sub ?} WD with a mass accretion rate of 3.6 × 10{sup –7} M {sub ?} yr{sup –1}. A 1 yr recurrence period is realized for very massive (? 1.3 M {sub ?}) WDs with very high accretion rates (? 1.5 × 10{sup –7} M {sub ?} yr{sup –1}). We revised our stability limit of hydrogen shell burning, which will be useful for binary evolution calculations toward Type Ia supernovae.

  10. The NOvA Technical Design Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayres, D.S.; Drake, G.R.; Goodman, M.C.; Grudzinski, J.J.; Guarino, V.J.; Talaga, R.L.; Zhao, A.; Stamoulis, P.; Stiliaris, E.; Tzanakos, G.; Zois, M.; /Athens U. /Caltech /UCLA /Fermilab /College de France /Harvard U. /Indiana U. /Lebedev Inst. /Michigan State U. /Minnesota U., Duluth /Minnesota U.

    2007-10-08

    Technical Design Report (TDR) describes the preliminary design of the NOvA accelerator upgrades, NOvA detectors, detector halls and detector sites. Compared to the March 2006 and November 2006 NOvA Conceptual Design Reports (CDR), critical value engineering studies have been completed and the alternatives still active in the CDR have been narrowed to achieve a preliminary technical design ready for a Critical Decision 2 review. Many aspects of NOvA described this TDR are complete to a level far beyond a preliminary design. In particular, the access road to the NOvA Far Detector site in Minnesota has an advanced technical design at a level appropriate for a Critical Decision 3a review. Several components of the accelerator upgrade and new neutrino detectors also have advanced technical designs appropriate for a Critical Decision 3a review. Chapter 1 is an Executive Summary with a short description of the NOvA project. Chapter 2 describes how the Fermilab NuMI beam will provide a narrow band beam of neutrinos for NOvA. Chapter 3 gives an updated overview of the scientific basis for the NOvA experiment, focusing on the primary goal to extend the search for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations and measure the sin{sup 2}(2{theta}{sub 13}) parameter. This parameter has not been measured in any previous experiment and NOvA would extend the search by about an order of magnitude beyond the current limit. A secondary goal is to measure the dominant mode oscillation parameters, sin{sup 2}(2{theta}{sub 23}) and {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2} to a more precise level than previous experiments. Additional physics goals for NOvA are also discussed. Chapter 4 describes the Scientific Design Criteria which the Fermilab accelerator complex, NOvA detectors and NOvA detector sites must satisfy to meet the physics goals discussed in Chapter 3. Chapter 5 is an overview of the NOvA project. The changes in the design relative to the NOvA CDR are discussed. Chapter 6 summarizes the NOvA design performance relative to the Design Criteria set out in Chapter 4. Chapter 7 presents the Work Breakdown Structure dictionary at Level 3 and the Milestone dictionary. Chapters 8 through 17 then take each Level 2 WBS element of the NOvA project and present each part of the design in more detail than the overview given in Chapter 5. Specific technical design criteria are delineated for each part of the project in addition to the scientific design criteria outlined in Chapter 4. Changes in the design since the NOvA CDR are discussed in detail. The work remaining to bring each part of this preliminary design to a final design is outlined. Appendix A is a guide to other NOvA Project documentation with links to those documents.

  11. Toll free 1-877-867-StFX(7839) PO Box 5000, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada B2G 2W5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .6 Admission from Other Systems of Education 4 1.7 Admission to the Bachelor of Science in Nursing 4 1 of Education Professional Conduct 22 6.6 BachelorofEducationCertification 22 6.7 Diploma in Adult Education 22. Department and Programs ................................30 9.1 Adult Education 30 9.2 Anthropology 30 9

  12. HelioNova S L | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen River PowerHeckert BXT SolarHelioNova S L Jump to:

  13. Cataventos Novas Energias Brasil Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL JumpCMNA PowerCataventos Novas Energias

  14. FEI Nova 200 Dual-Beam SEM/FIB

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesofExtrans - Permeation Measurement2TargetedFEHM (Finite Nova

  15. BRIGHT 'MERGER-NOVA' FROM THE REMNANT OF A NEUTRON STAR BINARY MERGER: A SIGNATURE OF A NEWLY BORN, MASSIVE, MILLISECOND MAGNETAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Yun-Wei [Institute of Astrophysics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079 (China)] [Institute of Astrophysics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079 (China); Zhang, Bing; Gao, He, E-mail: yuyw@mail.ccnu.edu.cn, E-mail: zhang@physics.unlv.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154 (United States)

    2013-10-20

    A massive millisecond magnetar may survive the merger of a neutron star (NS) binary, which would continuously power the merger ejecta. We develop a generic dynamic model for the merger ejecta with energy injection from the central magnetar. The ejecta emission (the {sup m}erger-nova{sup )} powered by the magnetar peaks in the UV band and the peak of the light curve, progressively shifts to an earlier epoch with increasing frequency. A magnetar-powered merger-nova could have an optical peak brightness comparable to a supernova, which is a few tens or hundreds times brighter than the radioactive-powered merger-novae (the so-called macro-nova or kilo-nova). On the other hand, such a merger-nova would peak earlier and have a significantly shorter duration than that of a supernova. An early collapse of the magnetar could suppress the brightness of the optical emission and shorten its duration. Such millisecond-magnetar-powered merger-novae may be detected from NS-NS merger events without an observed short gamma-ray burst, and could be a bright electromagnetic counterpart for gravitational wave bursts due to NS-NS mergers. If detected, it suggests that the merger leaves behind a massive NS, which has important implications for the equation-of-state of nuclear matter.

  16. WZ Sge-Type Dwarf Novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kato, Taichi

    2015-01-01

    We have summarized the current understanding and recently obtained findings about WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. We also reviewed the historical development of the understanding of these objects, provided the modern criteria, and reviewed the past research in relation to superhumps, early superhumps and the outburst mechanism. We regard that the presence of early superhumps (reflecting the 2:1 resonance) and long or multiple rebrightenings are the best distinguishing properties of WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. We provided the updated list of nearly 100 WZ Sge-type dwarf novae mainly based on the data obtained by the VSNET Collaboration up to Kato et al. (2015, arXiv/1507.05610) and discussed the statistics. We could detect early superhumps with amplitude larger than 0.02 mag in 63% of the studied WZ Sge-type dwarf novae, which makes early superhumps a useful distinguishing feature for WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. Theoretical light curves of early superhumps generally appear to reproduce the existence of many low-amplitude o...

  17. The Expanding Fireball of Nova Delphini 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, G H; Gies, D R; Farrington, C D; Kloppenborg, B; Chesneau, O; Monnier, J D; Ridgway, S T; Scott, N; Tallon-Bosc, I; McAlister, H A; Boyajian, T; Maestro, V; Mourard, D; Meilland, A; Nardetto, N; Stee, P; Sturmann, J; Vargas, N; Baron, F; Ireland, M; Baines, E K; Che, X; Jones, J; Richardson, N D; Roettenbacher, R M; Sturmann, L; Turner, N H; Tuthill, P; van Belle, G; von Braun, K; Zavala, R T; Banerjee, D P K; Ashok, N M; Joshi, V; Becker, J; Muirhead, P S

    2015-01-01

    A classical nova occurs when material accreting onto the surface of a white dwarf in a close binary system ignites in a thermonuclear runaway. Complex structures observed in the ejecta at late stages could result from interactions with the companion during the common envelope phase. Alternatively, the explosion could be intrinsically bipolar, resulting from a localized ignition on the surface of the white dwarf or as a consequence of rotational distortion. Studying the structure of novae during the earliest phases is challenging because of the high spatial resolution needed to measure their small sizes. Here we report near-infrared interferometric measurements of the angular size of Nova Delphini 2013, starting from one day after the explosion and continuing with extensive time coverage during the first 43 days. Changes in the apparent expansion rate can be explained by an explosion model consisting of an optically thick core surrounded by a diffuse envelope. The optical depth of the ejected material changes ...

  18. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 2013: NOvA Photos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NOvA collaboration. Med Res | Hi Res The NOvA detector, currently under construction in Ash River, Minn., stands about 50 feet tall and 50 feet wide. The completed detector will...

  19. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | February 2014: NOvA Images

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NOvA collaboration Med Res | Hi Res The NOvA detector, currently under construction in Ash River, Minn., stands about 50 feet tall and 50 feet wide. The completed detector will...

  20. Revista Electrnica Nova Scientia Propagacin temporal de algunas enfermedades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cipolatti, Rolci

    Revista Electrónica Nova Scientia Propagación temporal de algunas enfermedades bacterianas: un: a mathematical model Revista Electrónica Nova Scientia, Nº 8 Vol. 4 (2), 2012. ISSN 2007 - 0705. pp: 42 - 65 - 43;Cipolatti, R. et al. Revista Electrónica Nova Scientia, Nº 8 Vol. 4 (2), 2012. ISSN 2007 - 0705. pp: 42 ­ 65

  1. NOvA: Exploring Neutrino Mysteries

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Vahle, Tricia; Messier, Mark

    2014-08-12

    Neutrinos are a mystery to physicists. They exist in three different flavors and mass states and may be able to give hints about the origins of the matter-dominated universe. A new long-baseline experiment led by Fermilab called NOvA may provide some answers.

  2. THE DWARF NOVA OUTBURSTS OF NOVA HER 1960 (=V446 HER)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Honeycutt, R. K.; Robertson, J. W.; Kafka, S. E-mail: jrobertson@atu.edu

    2011-04-15

    V446 Her is the best example of an old nova which has developed dwarf nova (DN) eruptions in the post-nova state. We report on observed properties of the long-term light curve of V446 Her, using photometry over 19 years. Yearly averages of the outburst (OB) magnitudes show a decline of {approx}0.013 mag yr{sup -1}, consistent with the decline of other post-novae that do not have DN OBs. Previous suggestions of bimodal distributions of the amplitudes and widths of the OBs are confirmed. The OBs occur at a mean spacing of 18 days but the range of spacings is large (13-30 days). From simulations of DN OBs, it has been predicted that the OB spacing in V446 Her will increase as M-dot from the red dwarf companion slowly falls following the nova; however, the large intrinsic scatter in the spacings serves to hide any evidence of this effect. We do find a systematic change in the OB pattern in which the brighter, wider type of OBs disappeared after late 2003, and this phenomenon is suggested to be due to falling M-dot following the nova.

  3. The Imprint of Nova Nucleosynthesis in Presolar Grains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordi Jose; Margarita Hernanz; Sachiko Amari; Katharina Lodders; Ernst Zinner

    2004-05-17

    Infrared and ultraviolet observations of nova light curves have confirmed grain formation in their expanding shells that are ejected into the interstellar medium by a thermonuclear runaway. In this paper, we present isotopic ratios of intermediate-mass elements up to silicon for the ejecta of CO and ONe novae, based on 20 hydrodynamic models of nova explosions. These theoretical estimates will help to properly identify nova grains in primitive meteorites. In addition, equilibrium condensation calculations are used to predict the types of grains that can be expected in the nova ejecta, providing some hints on the puzzling formation of C-rich dust in O>C environments. These results show that SiC grains can condense in ONe novae, in concert with an inferred (ONe) nova origin for several presolar SiC grains.

  4. Improved optical diagnostics for the NOVA laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, J.C.; Berggren, R.R.; Bradley, K.S.; Hsing, W.W.; Gomez, C.C.; Cobble, J.A.

    1994-07-01

    This paper describes three diagnostics for detecting optical scatter from NOVA laser targets. Detecting such scatter can help not only the authors` understanding of plasma instabilities in laser plasmas, but also their efforts at plasma characterization, particularly hohlraum plasmas. These diagnostics are: the Full Aperture Backscatter Station (FABS), presently being built; the Oblique Scatter Array (OSA), just starting operation; and the Axial Imager, also just starting operation. FABS will allow imaging at high resolution of Brillouin and Raman backscatter. The OSA allows a quantitative measurement of Brillouin and Raman scatter in many directions (assuming the target allows the scatter to escape). The axial imager allows high-resolution imaging of Brillouin, Two-Plasmon Decay and Raman scatter emitted towards the East direction, which is along the symmetry axis of the NOVA laser beams.

  5. Improved optical diagnostics for the NOVA laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, J.C.; Berggren, R.R.; Bradley, K.S.; Hsing, W.W.; Gomez, C.C.; Cobble, J.A.; Wilke, M.D. )

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes three diagnostics detecting optical scatter from NOVA laser targets. Detecting such scatter can help to understand instabilities in laser plasmas and to characterize such plasmas, particularly hohlraum plasmas. These diagnostics are the full aperture backscatter station (FABS), presently being built; the oblique scatter array (OSA), just starting operation; and the axial imager, also just starting operation. FABS will allow imaging at high resolution of Brillouin and Raman backscatter. The OSA provides a quantitative measurement of Brillouin and Raman scatter in many directions. The axial imager allows high-resolution imaging of Brillouin, two-plasmon decay and Raman scatter emitted toward the direction of the symmetry axis of the NOVA laser beams.

  6. Hubble Space Telescope Observations of Novae in M49

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Ferrarese; Patrick Cote; Andres Jordan

    2003-09-30

    A search for novae in M49 (NGC 4472) has been undertaken with the Hubble Space Telescope. A 55-day observing campaign in F555W (19 epochs) and F814W (five epochs) has led to the discovery of nine novae. We find that M49 may be under-abundant in slow, faint novae relative to the Milky Way and M31. Instead, the decline rates of the M49 novae are remarkably similar to those of novae in the LMC. This fact argues against a simple classification of novae in "bulge" and "disk" sub-classes. We examine the Maximum-Magnitude versus Rate of Decline (MMRD) relation for novae in M49, finding only marginal agreement with the Galactic and M31 MMRD relations. A recalibration of the Buscombe-de Vaucouleurs relation gives an absolute magnitude 15 days past maximum of M_{V,15} = -6.36+/-0.19, which is substantially brighter than previous calibrations based on Galactic novae. Monte Carlo simulations yield a global nova rate for M49 of 100{+35}{-30} per year, and a luminosity-specific nova rate in the range \

  7. Getting to know Classical Novae with Swift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborne, Julian P

    2015-01-01

    Novae have been reported as transients for more than two thousand years. Their bright optical outbursts are the result of explosive nuclear burning of gas accreted from a binary companion onto a white dwarf. Novae containing a white dwarf close to the Chandrasekhar mass limit and accreting at a high rate are potentially the unknown progenitors of the type Ia supernovae used to measure the acceleration of the Universe. Swift X-ray observations have radically transformed our view of novae by providing dense monitoring throughout the outburst, revealing new phenomena in the super-soft X-rays from the still-burning white dwarf such as early extreme variability and half- to one-minute timescale quasi-periodic oscillations. The distinct evolution of this emission from the harder X-ray emission due to ejecta shocks has been clearly delineated. Soft X-ray observations allow the mass of the white dwarf, the mass burned and the mass ejected to be estimated. In combination with observations at other wavelengths, includi...

  8. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Community Feed-in Tariff (Nova Scotia, Canada) The Community Feed-In Tariff Program (COMFIT) is designed to increase local ownership of small-scale energy projects in Nova Scotia....

  9. DEFINITIONS Alumni Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    representation of members, consisting of Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Newfoundland-1; Nova Scotia-4; New Brunswick-2; Prince Edward Island-1; Quebec-1; Ontario-3; Prairies-2

  10. A Computationally Stable Approach to Gaussian Process Interpolation of Deterministic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranjan, Pritam

    extractable tidal power as a function of the turbine locations in the Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia, Canada. The deter- ministic computer simulator for the tidal power model is a nu- merical solver of a complex system of partial differential equa- tions, and we accept the simulator as a valid representation of the tidal power

  11. Spectra Nova Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation,SouthwoodJump to:NewSpecialSpectra Nova

  12. Api Nova Energia Srl | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to: navigation,Summaries | Open EnergyRoadmap andApi Nova

  13. NovaTorque | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd|Northfork Electric Coop, IncUSA(TXR150000)NovaTorque

  14. Petra Nova Project Breaks Ground on World's Largest Post-Combustion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Petra Nova Project Breaks Ground on World's Largest Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Project Petra Nova Project Breaks Ground on World's Largest Post-Combustion Carbon Capture...

  15. Nuclear Ashes: Reviewing Thirty Years of Nucleosynthesis in Classical Novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordi Jose

    2002-09-10

    One of the observational evidences in support of the "thermonuclear runaway model" for the classical nova outburst relies on the accompanying nucleosynthesis. In this paper, we stress the relevant role played by nucleosynthesis in our understanding of the nova phenomenon by constraining models through a comparison with both the atomic abundance determinations from the ejecta and the isotopic ratios measured in presolar grains of a likely nova origin. Furthermore, the endpoint of nova nucleosynthesis provides hints for the understanding of the mixing process responsible for the enhanced metallicities found in the ejecta, and reveals also information on the properties of the underlying white dwarf (mass, luminosity...). We discuss first the interplay between nova outbursts and the Galactic chemical abundances: Classical nova outbursts are expected to be the major source of 13C, 15N and 17O in the Galaxy, and to contribute to the abundances of other species with A < 40, such as 7Li or 26Al. We describe the main nuclear path during the course of the explosion, with special emphasis on the synthesis of radioactive species, of particular interest for the gamma-ray output predicted from novae (7Li, 18F, 22Na, 26Al). An overview of the recent discovery of presolar nova candidate grains, as well as a discussion of the role played by nuclear uncertainties associated with key reactions of the NeNa-MgAl and Si-Ca regions, are also given.

  16. GUARANTEED ADMISSION AGREEMENT Northern Virginia Community College (NOVA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    1 GUARANTEED ADMISSION AGREEMENT Between Northern Virginia Community College (NOVA) And Virginia admission agreement (GAA) establishes a collaborative arrangement between NOVA and VCU for the benefit in Liberal Studies for Early and Elementary Education (LSEE) and Master of Teaching degree in Elementary

  17. The NOvA Experiment: Status and Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. B. Patterson; for the NOvA Collaboration

    2012-09-04

    The NOvA long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment is currently under construction and will use an upgraded NuMI neutrino source at Fermilab and a 14-kton detector at Ash River, Minnesota to explore the neutrino sector. NOvA uses a highly active, finely segmented detector design that offers superb event identification capability, allowing precision measurements of \

  18. Cimpor inventa nova frmula para reduzir pegada de CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Cimpor inventa nova fórmula para reduzir pegada de CO2 CIMENTO. A Cimpor descobriu uma nova fórmula para produzir ci- mento que lhe permitirá reduzir a pegada de CO 2 em 25%. Segundo as contas da as fábricas do grupo, seriam emitidos menos quatro milhões de toneladas de CO 2 por ano, o que permitiria uma

  19. Quark Nova Model for Fast Radio Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachary Shand; Amir Ouyed; Nico Koning; Rachid Ouyed

    2015-05-29

    FRBs are puzzling, millisecond, energetic radio transients with no discernible source; observations show no counterparts in other frequency bands. The birth of a quark star from a parent neutron star experiencing a quark nova - previously thought undetectable when born in isolation - provides a natural explanation for the emission characteristics of FRBs. The generation of unstable r-process elements in the quark nova ejecta provides millisecond exponential injection of electrons into the surrounding strong magnetic field at the parent neutron star's light cylinder via $\\beta$-decay. This radio synchrotron emission has a total duration of hundreds of milliseconds and matches the observed spectrum while reducing the inferred dispersion measure by approximately 200 cm$^{-3}$ pc. The model allows indirect measurement of neutron star magnetic fields and periods in addition to providing astronomical measurements of $\\beta$-decay chains of unstable neutron rich nuclei. Using this model, we can calculate expected FRB average energies ($\\sim$ 10$^{41}$ ergs), spectra shapes and provide a theoretical framework for determining distances.

  20. Contingent Valuation, Hypothetical Bias and Experimental Economics JAMES J. MURPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, James J.

    of Massachusetts-Amherst Prepared for the NAREA-CAES Conference June 20-23, 2004 Halifax, Nova Scotia Abstract

  1. VALUE OF 1970 LANDINGS IN MARITIME PROVINCES SETS RECORD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    s and Forestry. The Maritimes are Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. Preliminary data show

  2. INCIDENCE OF CULL LOBSTERS, HOMARUS AMERICANUS, IN COMMERCIAL AND RESEARCH CATCHES OFF THE MAINE COASTI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that commercially caught lobsters from ports off Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island had incidences of missing

  3. TIDAL NOVAE IN COMPACT BINARY WHITE DWARFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuller, Jim; Lai Dong [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850 (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Compact binary white dwarfs (WDs) undergoing orbital decay due to gravitational radiation can experience significant tidal heating prior to merger. In these WDs, the dominant tidal effect involves the excitation of outgoing gravity waves in the inner stellar envelope and the dissipation of these waves in the outer envelope. As the binary orbit decays, the WDs are synchronized from outside in (with the envelope synchronized first, followed by the core). We examine the deposition of tidal heat in the envelope of a carbon-oxygen WD and study how such tidal heating affects the structure and evolution of the WD. We show that significant tidal heating can occur in the star's degenerate hydrogen layer. This layer heats up faster than it cools, triggering runaway nuclear fusion. Such 'tidal novae' may occur in all WD binaries containing a CO WD, at orbital periods between 5 minutes and 20 minutes, and precede the final merger by 10{sup 5}-10{sup 6} years.

  4. Recycler Chromaticities and End Shims for NOvA at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, M.; /Fermilab

    2012-05-01

    In era of NOvA operation, it is planned to slip-stack six on six Booster proton batches in the Recycler ring for a total intensity of 5 x 10{sup 13} protons/cycle. During the slip-stacking, the chromaticities are required to be jumped from (-2,-2) to (-20,-20). However, with the existing 2 families of powered sextupoles in the lattice, the chromaticities can only be adjusted to (-12,-12) from (-2,-2). On the other hand, the presently designed Recycler lattice for Nova replaces the 30 straight section with 8 'D-D half FODO cells'. With the limit of the feasible quad strength, 3 quads in a half-cell were used to obtain the working point under, and the maximum beta-functions in this section cannot be less than 80 m. In this paper, we re-designed the end shims of the permanent magnets in the ring lattice with appropriate quadrupole and sextupole components to meet both chromaticity and tune requirements. We are able to use 2 quads in a half cell in RR30 straight section within feasible quad strength. The maximum beta-functions are also lowered to around 55 m. The dynamic aperture tracking has been done using MAD to simulate the scenario of beam injection into the Recycler ring for Nova.

  5. Gamma-ray novae as probes of relativistic particle acceleration at non-relativistic shocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metzger, Brian D; Vurm, Indrek; Hascoet, Romain; Beloborodov, Andrei M; Chomiuk, Laura

    2015-01-01

    The Fermi LAT discovery that classical novae produce >100 MeV gamma-rays establishes that shocks and relativistic particle acceleration are key features of these events. These shocks are likely to be radiative due to the high densities of the nova ejecta at early times coincident with the gamma-ray emission. Thermal X-rays radiated behind the shock are absorbed by neutral gas and reprocessed into optical emission, similar to Type IIn (interacting) supernovae. The ratio of gamma-ray and optical luminosities, L_gam/L_opt, thus sets a lower limit on the fraction of the shock power used to accelerate relativistic particles, e_nth. The measured values of L_gam/L_opt for two classical novae, V1324 Sco and V339 Del, constrains e_nth > 1e-2 and > 1e-3, respectively. Inverse Compton models for the gamma-ray emission are disfavored given the low electron acceleration efficiency, e_nth ~ 1e-4-1e-3, inferred from observations of Galactic cosmic rays and particle-in-cell (PIC) numerical simulations. Recent hybrid PIC simu...

  6. Liquid scintillator production for the NOvA experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Mufson; B. Baugh; C. Bower; T. E. Coan; J. Cooper; L. Corwin; J. A. Karty; P. Mason; M. D. Messier; A. Pla-Dalmau; M. Proudfoot

    2015-06-30

    The NOvA collaboration blended and delivered 8.8 kt (2.72M gal) of liquid scintillator as the active detector medium to its near and far detectors. The composition of this scintillator was specifically developed to satisfy NOvA's performance requirements. A rigorous set of quality control procedures was put in place to verify that the incoming components and the blended scintillator met these requirements. The scintillator was blended commercially in Hammond, IN. The scintillator was shipped to the NOvA detectors using dedicated stainless steel tanker trailers cleaned to food grade.

  7. THE INTER-ERUPTION TIMESCALE OF CLASSICAL NOVAE FROM EXPANSION...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    than 1000 years. The intriguing suggestion that Z Cam was a bright nova, recorded by Chinese imperial astrologers in October-November 77 B.C.E., is consistent more with our...

  8. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | October 6, 2014: NOvA...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    courtesy of Fermilab Med Res | Hi Res A view across the top of the NOvA far detector in Ash River, Minnesota. Electronics that make up part of the data acquisition system are...

  9. The transition phase in Nova Muscae 1998, the dust formation in classical novae and a possible link to intermediate polar systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Retter; W. Liller; G. Garradd

    1999-05-28

    We present results of continuous CCD photometry of Nova Muscae 1998 during 17 nights obtained mainly during the transition phase in the light curve of the young nova. We discovered a periodical oscillation with the period 0.16930 day. This result is important for understanding this peculiar stage in the light curve of certain classical novae. We also note a possible connection between the transition / dust phase in nova light curves and intermediate polar systems.

  10. Radio frequency models of novae in eruption. I. The free-free process in bipolar morphologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ribeiro, V. A. R. M.; Simon, T.; Woudt, P. A.; Chomiuk, L.; Munari, U.; Steffen, W.; Koning, N.; O'Brien, T. J.; Bode, M. F.

    2014-09-01

    Observations of novae at radio frequencies provide us with a measure of the total ejected mass, density profile, and kinetic energy of a nova eruption. The radio emission is typically well characterized by the free-free emission process. Most models to date have assumed spherical symmetry for the eruption, although for as long as there have been radio observations of these systems, it has been known that spherical eruptions are too simplistic a geometry. In this paper, we build bipolar models of the nova eruption, assuming the free-free process, and show the effects of varying different parameters on the radio light curves. The parameters considered include the ratio of the minor- to major-axis, the inclination angle, and shell thickness. We also show the uncertainty introduced when fitting spherical-model synthetic light curves to bipolar-model synthetic light curves. We find that the optically thick phase rises with the same power law (S {sub ?}?t {sup 2}) for both the spherical and bipolar models. In the bipolar case, there is a 'plateau' phase—depending on the thickness of the shell as well as the ratio of the minor- to major-axis—before the final decline, which follows the same power law (S {sub ?}?t {sup –3}) as in the spherical case. Finally, fitting spherical models to the bipolar-model synthetic light curves requires, in the worst-case scenario, doubling the ejected mass, more than halving the electron temperature, and reducing the shell thickness by nearly a factor of 10. This implies that in some systems we have been over-predicting the ejected masses and under-predicting the electron temperature of the ejecta.

  11. Meeting NSPI's 2010 SO2 emission reduction cap Larry Hughes, Mandeep Dhaliwal, and Nikita Sheth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    is the principal fuel used by NSPI (see Table 2). Table 2: NSPI's generation by fuel type (MWh) (Toner, 2006) Coal of the highest in the country is Nova Scotia Power's reliance on coal for electrical generation. Given NSPI into the industrial and utility sector, and the continued use of low-sulphur coal. With the Sable Offshore Energy

  12. Short-period X-ray oscillations in super-soft novae and persistent SSS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ness, J -U; Osborne, J P; Kuulkers, E; Henze, M; Piro, A L; Drake, J J; Dobrotka, A; Schwarz, G; Starrfield, S; Kretschmar, P; Hirsch, M; Wilms, J

    2015-01-01

    Transient short-period <100s oscillations have been found in the X-ray light curves of three novae during their SSS phase and in one persistent SSS. We pursue an observational approach to determine possible driving mechanisms and relations to fundamental system parameters such as the white dwarf mass. We performed a systematic search for short-period oscillations in all available XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray light curves of persistent SSS and novae during their SSS phase. To study time evolution, we divided each light curve into short time segments and computed power spectra. We then constructed dynamic power spectra from which we identified transient periodic signals even when only present for a short time. From all time segments of each system, we computed fractions of time when periodic signals were detected. In addition to the previously known systems with short-period oscillations, RS Oph (35s), KT Eri (35s), V339 Del (54s), and Cal 83 (67s), we found one additional system, LMC 2009a (33s), and also c...

  13. Multi-Dimensional Modeling of Nova with Realistic Nuclear Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zingale, M; Hoffman, R D

    2011-01-27

    This contract covered the period from 03/09/2010 to 09/30/2010. Over this period, we adapted the low Mach number hydrodynamics code MAESTRO to perform simulations of novae. A nova is the thermonuclear runaway of an accreted hydrogen layer on the surface of a white dwarf. As the accreted layer grows in mass, the temperature and density at the base increase to the point where hydrogen fusion can begin by the CNO cycle - a burning process that uses carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen to complete the fusion of four hydrogen nuclei into one helium-4 nucleus. At this point, we are running initial models of nova, exploring the details of the convection. In the follow-on contract to this one, we will continue this investigation.

  14. nova.tex, 781996. SCATTERING OF LIGHT BY FREE ELECTRONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Carlos

    nova.tex, 7­8­1996. SCATTERING OF LIGHT BY FREE ELECTRONS as a Test of Quantum Theory \\Lambda E. T. RELATIVISTIC BASIS OF THE SCHR ¨ ODINGER EQUATION 9 8. NON--ARISTOTELIAN SCATTERING OF LIGHT BY ELECTRONS 10 9 dominates every home and office. But on the other hand, this very fact makes it seem strange that a meeting

  15. CCD Photometry of Nova V1500 Cygni Twenty Years After

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Semeniuk; A. Olech; M. Nalezyty

    1995-12-14

    We report on CCD photometry of Nova V1500 Cygni obtained in July 1995 to show that twenty years after outburst, being of about 18~mag, the star can still be observed with small telescopes. The 0.1396 day period continues to be stable.

  16. NOvA: Building a Next Generation Neutrino Experiment

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Perko, John; Williams, Ron; Miller, Bill;

    2014-05-30

    The NOvA neutrino experiment is searching for the answers to some of the most fundamental questions of the universe. This video documents how collaboration between government research institutions like Fermilab, academia and industry can create one of the largest neutrino detectors in the world.

  17. VERITAS Observations of the Nova in V407 Cygni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aliu, E; Arlen, T; Aune, T; Beilicke, M; Benbow, W; Bouvier, A; Bradbury, S M; Buckley, J H; Bugaev, V; Byrum, K; Cannon, A; Cesarini, A; Ciupik, L; Collins-Hughes, E; Connolly, M P; Cui, W; Decerprit, G; Dickherber, R; Duke, C; Dumm, J; Dwarkadas, V V; Errando, M; Falcone, A; Feng, Q; Finley, J P; Finnegan, G; Fortson, L; Furniss, A; Galante, N; Gall, D; Godambe, S; Griffin, S; Grube, J; Gyuk, G; Hanna, D; Holder, J; Huan, H; Hughes, G; Humensky, T B; Kaaret, P; Karlsson, N; Kertzman, M; Khassen, Y; Kieda, D; Krawczynski, H; Krennrich, F; Lang, M J; Lee, K; Maier, G; Majumdar, P; McArthur, S; McCann, A; Millis, J; Moriarty, P; Mukherjee, R; Nuñez, P D; Ong, R A; Orr, M; Otte, A N; Pandel, D; Park, N; Perkins, J S; Pohl, M; Prokoph, H; Quinn, J; Ragan, K; Reyes, L C; Reynolds, P T; Roache, E; Rose, H J; Ruppel, J; Saxon, D B; Schroedter, M; Sembroski, G H; Skole, C; Smith, A W; Staszak, D; Telezhinsky, I; Teši?, G; Theiling, M; Thibadeau, S; Tsurusaki, K; Tyler, J; Varlotta, A; Vincent, S; Vivier, M; Wakely, S P; Ward, J E; Weekes, T C; Weinstein, A; Weisgarber, T; Welsing, R; Williams, D A; Zitzer, B

    2012-01-01

    We report on very high energy (E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray observations of V407 Cygni, a symbiotic binary that underwent a nova outburst producing 0.1-10 GeV gamma rays during 2010 March 10-26. Observations were made with the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System during 2010 March 19-26 at relatively large zenith angles, due to the position of V407 Cyg. An improved reconstruction technique for large zenith angle observations is presented and used to analyze the data. We do not detect V407 Cygni and place a differential upper limit on the flux at 1.6 TeV of 2.3 \\times 10^(-12) erg cm^(-2) s^(-1) (at the 95% confidence level). When considered jointly with data from Fermi-LAT, this result places limits on the acceleration of very high energy particles in the nova.

  18. On the C/O Enrichment of Novae Ejecta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Rosner; A. Alexakis; Y. Young; J. Truran; W. Hillebrandt

    2001-10-31

    Using the results of recent work in shear instabilities in stratified fluids, we show that the resonant interaction between large-scale flows in the accreted H/He envelope of white dwarf stars and interfacial gravity waves can mix with the star's envelope with the white dwarf's surface material, leading to the enhancement of the envelope's C/O abundance to levels required by extant models for nova outbursts.

  19. SWIFT X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF CLASSICAL NOVAE. II. THE SUPER SOFT SOURCE SAMPLE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwarz, Greg J.; Ness, Jan-Uwe; Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Evans, P. A.; Beardmore, A. P.; Walter, Frederick M.; Andrew Helton, L.; Woodward, Charles E.; Bode, Mike; Starrfield, Sumner; Drake, Jeremy J.

    2011-12-01

    The Swift gamma-ray burst satellite is an excellent facility for studying novae. Its rapid response time and sensitive X-ray detector provides an unparalleled opportunity to investigate the previously poorly sampled evolution of novae in the X-ray regime. This paper presents Swift observations of 52 Galactic/Magellanic Cloud novae. We included the X-Ray Telescope (0.3-10 keV) instrument count rates and the UltraViolet and Optical Telescope (1700-8000 A) filter photometry. Also included in the analysis are the publicly available pointed observations of 10 additional novae the X-ray archives. This is the largest X-ray sample of Galactic/Magellanic Cloud novae yet assembled and consists of 26 novae with Super Soft X-ray emission, 19 from Swift observations. The data set shows that the faster novae have an early hard X-ray phase that is usually missing in slower novae. The Super Soft X-ray phase occurs earlier and does not last as long in fast novae compared to slower novae. All the Swift novae with sufficient observations show that novae are highly variable with rapid variability and different periodicities. In the majority of cases, nuclear burning ceases less than three years after the outburst begins. Previous relationships, such as the nuclear burning duration versus t{sub 2} or the expansion velocity of the eject and nuclear burning duration versus the orbital period, are shown to be poorly correlated with the full sample indicating that additional factors beyond the white dwarf mass and binary separation play important roles in the evolution of a nova outburst. Finally, we confirm two optical phenomena that are correlated with strong, soft X-ray emission which can be used to further increase the efficiency of X-ray campaigns.

  20. Intial performance from the NOvA surface prototype detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muether, M.; /Fermilab; ,

    2011-09-01

    NOvA, the NuMI Off-Axis {nu}{sub e} Appearance experiment, will study {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations characterized by the mixing angle {Theta}{sub 13}. Provided {Theta}{sub 13} is large enough, NOvA may ultimately determine the ordering of the neutrino masses and measure CP violation in neutrino oscillations. A complementary pair of detectors will be constructed {approx}14 mrad off beam axis to optimize the energy profile of the neutrinos. This system consists of a surface based 14 kTon liquid scintillator tracking volume located 810 km from the main injector source (NuMI) in Ash River, Minnesota and a smaller underground 222 Ton near detector at the Fermilab. The first neutrino signals at the Ash River Site are expected prior to the 2012 accelerator shutdown. In the meantime, a near detector surface prototype has been completed and neutrinos from two Fermilab sources have been observed using the same highly segmented PVC and liquid scintillator detector system that will be deployed in the full scale experiment. Design and initial performance characteristics of this prototype system are being fed back into the design for the full NOvA program.

  1. Novae as Tevatrons: Prospects for CTA and IceCube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metzger, Brian D; Vurm, Indrek; Beloborodov, Andrei; Bartos, Imre; Vlasov, Andrey

    2015-01-01

    The discovery of novae as sources of ~GeV gamma-rays highlights the key role of shocks and relativistic particle acceleration in these transient systems. Although there is evidence for a spectral cut-off above energies ~1-100 GeV at particular epochs in some novae, the maximum particle energy achieved in these accelerators has remained an open question. The high densities of the nova ejecta (~10 orders of magnitude larger than in supernova remnants) render the gas far upstream of the shock neutral and shielded from ionizing radiation. The amplification of the magnetic field needed for diffusive shock acceleration requires ionized gas, thus confining the acceleration process to a narrow photo-ionized layer immediately ahead of the shock. Based on the growth rate in this layer of the hybrid non-resonant cosmic ray current-driven instability (considering also ion-neutral damping), we quantify the maximum particle energy, Emax, across the range of shock velocities and upstream densities of interest. We find value...

  2. THE DUSTY NOVA V1065 CENTAURI (NOVA CEN 2007): A SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF ABUNDANCES AND DUST PROPERTIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, L. Andrew; Woodward, Charles E.; Gehrz, Robert D.; Walter, Frederick M.; Vanlandingham, Karen; Schwarz, Greg J.; Evans, Aneurin; Ness, Jan-Uwe; Geballe, Thomas R.; Greenhouse, Matthew; Krautter, Joachim; Liller, William; Lynch, David K.; Rudy, Richard J.; Shore, Steven N.; Starrfield, Sumner; Truran, Jim

    2010-11-15

    We examine the ejecta evolution of the classical nova V1065 Centauri, constructing a detailed picture of the system based on spectrophotometric observations obtained from 9 to approximately 900 days post-outburst with extensive coverage from optical to mid-infrared wavelengths. We estimate a reddening toward the system of E(B-V) = 0.5 {+-} 0.1, based upon the B - V color and analysis of the Balmer decrement, and derive a distance estimate of 8.7{sup +2.8}{sub -2.1} kpc. The optical spectral evolution is classified as P {sup o}{sub fe} N{sub ne} A{sub o} according to the CTIO Nova Classification system of Williams et al. Photoionization modeling yields absolute abundance values by number, relative to solar of He/H = 1.6 {+-} 0.3, N/H = 144 {+-} 34, O/H = 58 {+-} 18, and Ne/H = 316 {+-} 58 for the ejecta. We derive an ejected gas mass of M{sub g} = (1.6 {+-} 0.2) x 10{sup -4} M{sub sun}. The infrared excess at late epochs in the evolution of the nova arises from dust condensed in the ejecta composed primarily of silicate grains. We estimate a total dust mass, M{sub d} , of order (0.2-3.7) x 10{sup -7} M{sub sun}, inferred from modeling the spectral energy distribution observed with the Spitzer IRS and Gemini-South GNIRS spectrometers. Based on the speed class, neon abundance, and the predominance of silicate dust, we classify V1065 Cen as an ONe-type classical nova.

  3. The dusty nova V1065 centauri (nova cen 2007) : a spectroscopic analysis of abundances and dust properties.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, L. A.; Woodward, C. E.; Walter, F. M.; Vanlandingham, K.; Schwarz, G. J.; Evans, A.; Ness, J.-U.; Geballe, T. R.; Gehrz, R. D.; Greenhouse, M.; Krautter, J.; Liller, W.; Lynch, D. K.; Rudy, R. J.; Shore, S. N.; Starrfield, S.; Truran, J. (Physics); (Univ. of Minnesota); (Stony Brook Univ.); (West Chester Univ.); (American Astronomical Society); (Keele Univ.); (European Space Astroomy Centre); (Gemini Observatory); (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center); (Landessternwarte-Zebtrum fur Astronomie der Univ.); (Inst. for Nova Studies); (The Aerospace Corp.); (Univ. di Pisa); (Arizona State Univ.); (Univ. of Chicago)

    2010-10-14

    We examine the ejecta evolution of the classical nova V1065 Centauri, constructing a detailed picture of the system based on spectrophotometric observations obtained from 9 to approximately 900 days post-outburst with extensive coverage from optical to mid-infrared wavelengths. We estimate a reddening toward the system of E(B-V) = 0.5 {+-} 0.1, based upon the B-V color and analysis of the Balmer decrement, and derive a distance estimate of 8.7{sub -2.1}{sup +2.8} kpc. The optical spectral evolution is classified as P{sub fe}{sup o} N{sub ne}A{sub 0} according to the CTIO Nova Classification system of Williams et al. Photoionization modeling yields absolute abundance values by number, relative to solar of He/H = 1.6 {+-} 0.3, N/H = 144 {+-} 34, O/H = 58 {+-} 18, and Ne/H = 316 {+-} 58 for the ejecta. We derive an ejected gas mass of M{sub g} = (1.6 {+-} 0.2) x 10{sup -4} M{circle_dot}. The infrared excess at late epochs in the evolution of the nova arises from dust condensed in the ejecta composed primarily of silicate grains. We estimate a total dust mass, Md , of order (0.2-3.7) x 10{sup -7} M{circle_dot}, inferred from modeling the spectral energy distribution observed with the Spitzer IRS and Gemini-South GNIRS spectrometers. Based on the speed class, neon abundance, and the predominance of silicate dust, we classify V1065 Cen as an ONe-type classical nova.

  4. Thermonuclear Runaways on Accreting White Dwarfs: Models of Classical Novae Explosions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margarita Hernanz; Jordi Jose

    2000-01-11

    The mechanism of classical novae explosions is explained, together with some of their observational properties. The scarce but not null impact of novae in the chemical evolution of the Milky Way is analyzed, as well as their relevance for the radioactivity in the Galaxy. A special emphasis is given to the predicted gamma-ray emission from novae and its relationship with the thermonuclear model itself and its related nucleosynthesis.

  5. Nucleosynthesis in novae: experimental progress in the determination of nuclear reaction rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alain Coc

    2008-01-18

    The sources of nuclear uncertainties in nova nucleosynthesis have been identified using hydrodynamical nova models. Experimental efforts have followed and significantly reduced those uncertainties. This is important for the evaluation of nova contribution to galactic chemical evolution, gamma--ray astronomy and possibly presolar grain studies. In particular, estimations of expected gamma-ray fluxes are essential for the planning of observations with existing or future satellites.

  6. IGR J17098-3628: an X-ray Nova discovered by INTEGRAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. A. Grebenev; S. V. Molkov; M. G. Revnivtsev; R. A. Sunyaev

    2007-09-14

    We report the discovery with INTEGRAL on March 24, 2005, and follow-up observations of the distant Galactic X-ray nova IGR J17098-3628.

  7. Detecting Neutrinos with the NOvA Detectors (Other) | SciTech...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    PARTICLES AND FIELDS NOVA; NEUTRINO; NEUTRINO DETECTOR; DETECTOR; COSMIC RAY; NEUTRINO INTERACTION Word Cloud More Like This Multimedia File size NAView Multimedia View Multimedia...

  8. 1360 Barrington Street P.O. Box 1000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    Outhouse, Counsel, Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board, 1601 Lower Water Street, 3rd Floor, Halifax, Nova little to help Nova Scotia obtain energy security or reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. In our Privatization Act of 1992, which states that "the Company shall not construct a generating plant that utilizes

  9. CCD Photometry of Dwarf Nova AL Com in Superoutburst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Pych; A. Olech

    1995-09-20

    We report a CCD optical photometry of a dwarf nova AL Com in superoutburst. Before superhumps occurred the light curve was highly variable with dominant periods about 41 minutes and 81.5 minutes for different nights. The period of observed superhumps is 82.5 minutes and seems to be stable. The first harmonic of the basic period is also present. We detected a weak signal corresponding to period 78.1 minutes. One of the periods 78.1 or 81.5 is suspected to be a possible signature of orbital motion in the system.

  10. The peculiar dust shell of Nova DZ Cru (2003).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, A.; Gehrz, R. D.; Woodward, C. E.; Helton, L. A.; Rushton, M. T.; Bode, M. F.; Krautter, J.; Lyke, J.; Lynch, D. K.; Ness, J.-U.; Starrfield, S.; Truran, J. W.; Wagner, R. M.; Physics; Keele Univ.; Univ. of Minnesota; Univ. of Central Lancashire; Liverpool John Moores Univ.; Zentrum fur Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg; M. W. Keck Observatory; The Aerospace Corp.; European Space Astronomy Centre; Arizona State Univ.; Univ. of Chicago; Large Binocular Telscope Observatory

    2010-01-01

    We present Spitzer Space Telescope observations of the 'peculiar variable' DZ Cru, identified by Rushton et al. as a classical nova. A dust shell, on which are superimposed a number of features, is prominent in the 5-35 {micro}m range some 4 yr after eruption. We suggest that the dust in DZ Cru is primarily hydrogenated amorphous carbon in which aliphatic bands currently predominate and which may become either predominantly aromatic as the dust is photoprocessed by ultraviolet radiation from the stellar remnant or more likely completely destroyed.

  11. Better Buildings Network View, October 2014

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Peer Exchange Calls Residential Network Online Group Welcomes 100th Member Outlining Data Needs Optimizes Evaluation Efficiency Nova Scotia Releases Mobile App California...

  12. Better Buildings Residential Network Multifamily & Low-Income...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    County of San Francisco, CA Community Office for Resource Efficiency (Aspen, CO) Davis Energy Group Efficiency Nova Scotia Elevate Energy (Energy Impact Illinois)...

  13. The Class Idea: Politics, Ideology, and Class Formation in the United States and Canada in the Twentieth Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eidlin, Barry

    2012-01-01

    and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, NewManitoba, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Quebec.An eighth jurisdiction, Prince Edward Island, adopted first

  14. BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 125 With reference to the quantity packed in.the maritime provinces an-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that of the previous year by 1,000,000 cans, that of Nova Scotia by 500,000, and Prince Edward Island by 500,000. Cases

  15. Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in North America: Canada and the United States of America — 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olin, Paul G.; Smith, James; Nabi, Rashed

    2012-01-01

    26 percent), followed by Prince Edward Island (12 percent),and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newthe Atlantic province of Prince Edward Island supplies more

  16. The Class Idea: Politics, Ideology, and Class Formation in the United States and Canada in the Twentieth Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eidlin, Barry

    2012-01-01

    and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, NewNew Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Quebec. Prior toAn eighth jurisdiction, Prince Edward Island, adopted first

  17. Title: Platinum Postal Suite Multiple Enhanced Postal Codes (MEP): Canada Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Keywords (Subject): Boundaries, Postal Codes, Multiple, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince

  18. Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in North America: Canada and the United States of America — 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olin, Paul G.; Smith, James; Nabi, Rashed

    2012-01-01

    followed by Prince Edward Island (12 percent), Figure 4:and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and NewAtlantic province of Prince Edward Island supplies more than

  19. Metadata Template (Vector and Images) Title: DMTI Census Geography Files 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Keywords (Subject): Census; Boundaries Restrictions: Data, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince

  20. V723 Cas: A dying nova or a new-born SSS? 1 V723 Cas: A dying nova or a new-born SSS?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ness, Jan-Uwe

    V723 Cas: A dying nova or a new-born SSS? 1 V723 Cas: A dying nova or a new-born SSS? J.-U. Ness, S-rays with Swift and found a clear detection (Ness et al. 2006; 8). There are two possible ex- planations why V723). It can be seen that we have enough sig- #12;2 J.-U. Ness, S.

  1. Submitted to ApJ Letters, June 29, 2005 Are Presolar Silicon Carbide Grains from Novae Actually from Supernovae?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nittler, Larry R.

    of nucleosynthesis in ONe novae, thermonuclear runaways that occur on O- and Ne-rich white dwarfs in close binary

  2. Swift X-ray and UV monitoring of the Classical Nova V458 Vul (Nova Vul 2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ness, J -U; Beardmore, A P; Boyd, D; Bode, M F; Brady, S; Evans, P A; Gänsicke, B T; Kitamoto, S; Knigge, C; Miller, I; Osborne, J P; Page, K L; Rodríguez-Gil, P; Schwarz, G; Staels, B; Steeghs, D; Takei, D; Tsujimoto, M; Wesson, R; Zijlstra, A

    2009-01-01

    We describe the highly variable X-ray and UV emission of V458 Vul (Nova Vul 2007), observed by Swift between 1 and 422 days after outburst. Initially bright only in the UV, V458 Vul became a variable hard X-ray source due to optically thin thermal emission at kT=0.64 keV with an X-ray band unabsorbed luminosity of 2.3x10^{34} erg s^{-1} during days 71-140. The X-ray spectrum at this time requires a low Fe abundance (0.2^{+0.3}_{-0.1} solar), consistent with a Suzaku measurement around the same time. On day 315 we find a new X-ray spectral component which can be described by a blackbody with temperature of kT=23^{+9}_{-5} eV, while the previous hard X-ray component has declined by a factor of 3.8. The spectrum of this soft X-ray component resembles those typically seen in the class of supersoft sources (SSS) which suggests that the nova ejecta were starting to clear and/or that the WD photosphere is shrinking to the point at which its thermal emission reaches into the X-ray band. We find a high degree of varia...

  3. Quark-Novae in massive binaries : a model for double-humped, hydrogen-poor, superluminous Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouyed, Rachid; Koning, Nico

    2015-01-01

    LSQ14bdq and SN 2006oz are super-luminous, hydrogen-poor, SNe with double-humped light curves. We show that a Quark-Nova (QN; explosive transition of the neutron star to a quark star) occurring in a massive binary, experiencing two Common Envelope (CE) phases, can quantitatively explain the light curves of LSQ14bdq and SN 2006oz. The more massive component (A) explodes first as a normal SN, yielding a Neutron Star which ejects the hydrogen envelope of the companion when the system enters its first CE phase. During the second CE phase, the NS spirals into and inflates the second He-rich CE. In the process it gains mass and triggers a Quark-Nova, outside of the CO core, leaving behind a Quark Star. The first hump in our model is the QN shock re-energizing the expanded He-rich CE. Subsequent merging of the Quark Star with the CO core of component B turns the Quark star to a Black Hole. The ensuing Black Hole accretion provides sufficient power for the second brighter and long lasting hump. Our model suggests a p...

  4. NOVA-NREL Optimal Vehicle Acquisition Analysis (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blakley, H.

    2011-03-01

    Federal fleet managers face unique challenges in accomplishing their mission - meeting agency transportation needs while complying with Federal goals and mandates. Included in these challenges are a variety of statutory requirements, executive orders, and internal goals and objectives that typically focus on petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions, alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) acquisitions, and alternative fuel use increases. Given the large number of mandates affecting Federal fleets and the challenges faced by all fleet managers in executing day-to-day operations, a primary challenge for agencies and other organizations is ensuring that they are as efficient as possible in using constrained fleet budgets. An NREL Optimal Vehicle Acquisition (NOVA) analysis makes use of a mathematical model with a variety of fleet-related data to create an optimal vehicle acquisition strategy for a given goal, such as petroleum or GHG reduction. The analysis can helps fleets develop a vehicle acquisition strategy that maximizes petroleum and greenhouse gas reductions.

  5. NOvA (Fermilab E929) Official Plots and Figures

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The NOvA collaboration, consisting of 180 researchers across 28 institutions and managed by the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), is developing instruments for a neutrino-focused experiment that will attempt to answer three fundamental questions in neutrino physics: 1) Can we observe the oscillation of muon neutrinos to electron neutrinos; 2) What is the ordering of the neutrino masses; and 3) What is the symmetry between matter and antimatter? The collaboration makes various data plots and figures available. These are grouped under five headings, with brief descriptions included for each individual figure: Neutrino Spectra, Detector Overview, Theta12 Mass Hierarchy CP phase, Theta 23 Delta Msqr23, and NuSterile.

  6. Measurement of ICF fuel ion temperature on Nova

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, D.B.; Chrien, R.E.

    1994-02-01

    A new diagnostic for measuring the average fuel ion temperature in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) targets at the time of peak burn has been constructed by Los Alamos and installed on the Nova Laser System at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This ion-temperature diagnostic measures the time-of-flight of fusion neutrons and determines the thermonuclear-reaction-weighted ion temperature through the time-of-arrival distribution. Preliminary experiments have been designed and performed to test the diagnostic. These tests measured the ion temperature of targets designed to have varying temperatures and yields. Additionally, an experiment has been designed to examine the cause of the increase in yield degradation (compared to clean 1-D calculations) as the capsule convergence is increased. Understanding the cause of yield degradation in high convergence implosions is necessary to increase the confidence of the target performance for the next generation National Ignition Facility planned by the US ICF Program.

  7. The {sup 30}P(p, ?){sup 31}S reaction in classical novae: progress and prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wrede, C., E-mail: wrede@nscl.msu.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

    2014-04-15

    The unknown thermonuclear rate of the {sup 30}P(p, ?){sup 31}S reaction at classical-nova temperatures currently prohibits the accurate modeling of nova nucleosynthesis in the A ? 30 region. This is hindering the calibration of nova thermometers based on observed O/S, S/Al, O/P, and P/Al abundance ratios in nova ejecta, the calibration of a meter to probe mixing at the core-envelope interface in novae based on the observed Si/H abundance ratio, and the identification of candidate pre-solar nova grains found in primitive meteorites based on laboratory measurements of their {sup 30}Si/{sup 28}Si isotopic ratios. Each of these diagnostics could address key questions in our understanding of classical novae if the {sup 30}P(p, ?){sup 31}S rate were known. We review progress on the determination of the {sup 30}P(p, ?){sup 31}S rate leading to a critical assessment of current interpretations of published data and prospects for future work.

  8. Observations and Analysis of the GK Persei Nova Shell and its "Jet-like" Feature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvey, E; Boumis, P; Akras, S

    2016-01-01

    GK Persei (1901, the 'Firework Nebula') is an old but bright nova remnant that offers a chance to probe the physics and kinematics of nova shells. The kinematics in new and archival longslit optical echelle spectra were analysed using the shape software. New imaging from the Aristarchos telescope continues to track the proper motion, extinction and structural evolution of the knots, which have been observed intermittently over several decades. We present for the first time, kinematical constraints on a large faint 'jet' feature, that was previously detected beyond the shell boundary. These observational constraints allow for the generation of models for individual knots, interactions within knot complexes, and the 'jet' feature. Put together, and taking into account dwarf-nova accelerated winds emanating from the central source, these data and models give a deeper insight into the GK Per nova remnant as a whole.

  9. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | August 7, 2015: NOvA Images

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fermilab Med Res | Hi Res A view across the top of the NOvA far detector in Ash River, Minnesota. Electronics that make up part of the data acquisition system are...

  10. Early optical spectra of nova V1369 Cen show presence of Lithium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izzo, L; Mason, E; Matteucci, F; Romano, D; Pasquini, L; Vanzi, L; Jordan, A; Fernandez, J M; Bluhm, P; Brahm, R; Espinoza, N; Williams, R

    2015-01-01

    We present early high resolution spectroscopic observations of the nova V1369 Cen. We have detected an absorption feature at 6695.6 \\AA\\, that we have identified as blue--shifted $^7$Li I $\\lambda$6708 \\AA. The absorption line, moving at -550 km/s, was observed in five high-resolution spectra of the nova obtained at different epochs. On the basis of the intensity of this absorption line we infer that a single nova outburst can inject in the Galaxy $M_{Li} =$ 0.3 - 4.8 $\\times 10^{-10}$ M$_{\\odot}$. Given the current estimates of Galactic nova rate, this amount is sufficient to explain the puzzling origin of the overabundance of Lithium observed in young star populations.

  11. Binary orbits as the driver of gamma-ray emission and mass ejection in classical novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chomiuk, Laura; Yang, Jun; O'Brien, T J; Paragi, Zsolt; Mioduszewski, Amy J; Beswick, R J; Cheung, C C; Mukai, Koji; Nelson, Thomas; Ribeiro, Valerio A R M; Rupen, Michael P; Sokoloski, J L; Weston, Jennifer; Zheng, Yong; Bode, Michael F; Eyres, Stewart; Roy, Nirupam; Taylor, Gregory B

    2014-01-01

    Classical novae are the most common astrophysical thermonuclear explosions, occurring on the surfaces of white dwarf stars accreting gas from companions in binary star systems. Novae typically expel ~10^(-4) solar masses of material at velocities exceeding 1,000 kilometres per second. However, the mechanism of mass ejection in novae is poorly understood, and could be dominated by the impulsive flash of thermonuclear energy, prolonged optically thick winds, or binary interaction with the nova envelope. Classical novae are now routinely detected in gigaelectronvolt gamma-ray wavelengths, suggesting that relativistic particles are accelerated by strong shocks in the ejecta. Here we report high-resolution radio imaging of the gamma-ray-emitting nova V959 Mon. We find that its ejecta were shaped by the motion of the binary system: some gas was expelled rapidly along the poles as a wind from the white dwarf, while denser material drifted out along the equatorial plane, propelled by orbital motion. At the interface ...

  12. A tomographic study of the classical nova RR Pic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabiola M. A. Ribeiro; Marcos P. Diaz

    2005-10-03

    We present the results of spectrophotometric observations of the old nova RR Pic performed in two spectral ranges, one centered in the Ha line and other covering Hb and Hg spectral lines. From the Hb radial velocity study we found a primary radial semi-amplitude of K1 = 37(1) km/s and a systemic velocity of g = 1.8(2) km/s. With this new values a mass diagram is constructed, constraining the possible mass intervals for the system. The possible orbital inclination range was restricted using the fact that RR Pic presents shallow eclipses. A secondary mass range below the limit of a main sequence star filling its Roche lobe indicate an evolved companion. We also calculated the Ha, Hb, Hg, HeI 6678 and HeII 4686 Doppler tomograms. The most conspicuous differences are found between the HeI and HeII tomograms, the former has a ring shape, while the second is filled at low velocities, suggesting that the low velocity emission is not coming from the accretion disk. Radial emissivity profiles for these lines were also derived.

  13. SWIFT X-RAY AND ULTRAVIOLET MONITORING OF THE CLASSICAL NOVA V458 VUL (NOVA VUL 2007)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ness, J.-U. [European Space Astronomy Centre, P.O. Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Drake, J. J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Beardmore, A. P.; Evans, P. A.; Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Boyd, D. [BAA VSS, 5 Silver Lane, West Challow, Wantage, OX12 9TX (United Kingdom); Bode, M. F. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Twelve Quays House, Egerton Wharf, Birkenhead CH41 1LD (United Kingdom); Brady, S. [AAVSO, 5 Melba Drive, Hudson, NH 03051 (United States); Gaensicke, B. T.; Steeghs, D. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Kitamoto, S.; Takei, D. [Department of Physics, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501 (Japan); Knigge, C. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Miller, I. [BAA VSS, Furzehill House, Ilston, Swansea SA2 7LE (United Kingdom); Rodriguez-Gil, P. [Isaac Newton Group, PO Ap. de Correos 321, 38700 Sta. Cruz de la Palma (Spain); Schwarz, G. [Department of Geology and Astronomy, West Chester University, West Chester, PA 19383 (United States); Staels, B. [CBA Flanders, Alan Guth Observatory, Koningshofbaan 51, Hofstade, Aalst (Belgium); Tsujimoto, M. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Wesson, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)], E-mail: juness@sciops.esa.int (and others)

    2009-05-15

    We describe the highly variable X-ray and UV emission of V458 Vul (Nova Vul 2007), observed by Swift between 1 and 422 days after outburst. Initially bright only in the UV, V458 Vul became a variable hard X-ray source due to optically thin thermal emission at kT = 0.64 keV with an X-ray band unabsorbed luminosity of 2.3 x 10{sup 34} erg s{sup -1} during days 71-140. The X-ray spectrum at this time requires a low Fe abundance (0.2{sup +0.3} {sub -0.1} solar), consistent with a Suzaku measurement around the same time. On day 315 we find a new X-ray spectral component which can be described by a blackbody with temperature of kT = 23{sup +9} {sub -5} eV, while the previous hard X-ray component has declined by a factor of 3.8. The spectrum of this soft X-ray component resembles those typically seen in the class of supersoft sources (SSS) which suggests that the nova ejecta were starting to clear and/or that the white dwarf photosphere is shrinking to the point at which its thermal emission reaches into the X-ray band. We find a high degree of variability in the soft component with a flare rising by an order of magnitude in count rate in 0.2 days. In the following observations on days 342.4-383.6, the soft component was not seen, only to emerge again on day 397. The hard component continued to evolve, and we found an anticorrelation between the hard X-ray emission and the UV emission, yielding a Spearman rank probability of 97%. After day 397, the hard component was still present, was variable, and continued to fade at an extremely slow rate but could not be analyzed owing to pile-up contamination from the bright SSS component.

  14. Wind Power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Power Bioenergy Power Systems Wind Power Wind Power Main Page Outreach Programs Image Gallery FAQs Links Software Hydro Power INL Home Wind Power Introduction The Wind Power...

  15. Isotopic 32S/33S ratio as a diagnostic of presolar grains from novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Parikh; K. Wimmer; T. Faestermann; R. Hertenberger; J. Jose; H. -F. Wirth; C. Hinke; R. Krucken; D. Seiler; K. Steiger; K. Straub

    2014-09-01

    Measurements of sulphur isotopes in presolar grains can help to identify the astrophysical sites in which these grains were formed. A more precise thermonuclear rate of the 33S(p,gamma)34Cl reaction is required, however, to assess the diagnostic ability of sulphur isotopic ratios. We have studied the 33S(3He,d)34Cl proton-transfer reaction at 25 MeV using a high-resolution quadrupole-dipole-dipole-dipole magnetic spectrograph. Deuteron spectra were measured at ten scattering angles between 10 and 55 degrees. Twenty-four levels in 34Cl over Ex = 4.6 - 5.9 MeV were observed, including three levels for the first time. Proton spectroscopic factors were extracted for the first time for levels above the 33S+p threshold, spanning the energy range required for calculations of the thermonuclear 33S(p,gamma)34Cl rate in classical nova explosions. We have determined a new 33S(p,gamma)34Cl rate using a Monte Carlo method and have performed new hydrodynamic nova simulations to determine the impact on nova nucleosynthesis of remaining nuclear physics uncertainties in the reaction rate. We find that these uncertainties lead to a factor of less than 5 variation in the 33S(p,gamma)34Cl rate over typical nova peak temperatures, and variation in the ejected nova yields of S--Ca isotopes by less than 20%. In particular, the predicted 32S/33S ratio is 110 - 130 for the nova model considered, compared to 110 - 440 with previous rate uncertainties. As recent type II supernova models predict ratios of 130 - 200, the 32S/33S ratio may be used to distinguish between grains of nova and supernova origin.

  16. The Turn-off of Classical Novae Observed Through X-rays: Models versus ROSAT Observations of V1974 Cyg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gloria Sala; Margarita Hernanz

    2004-10-05

    Detection of X-ray emission from classical novae in their post-outburst stages provides crucial information about the nova phenomenon. The soft X-ray emission gives a direct insight into the remaining hot nuclear burning shell. A numerical model for steady H-burning white dwarf envelopes has been developed to study the post-outburst phases of classical novae. Properties of the X-ray emission of the post-nova white dwarf are obtained, and the results are compared to ROSAT observations of V1974 Cyg.

  17. Outburst-related period changes of recurrent nova CI aquilae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, R. E.; Honeycutt, R. K., E-mail: honey@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: rewilson@ufl.edu [Astronomy Department, Indiana University, Swain Hall West, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States)

    2014-11-01

    Pre-outburst and post-outburst light curves and post-outburst eclipse timings are analyzed to measure any period (P) change related to nova CI Aql's outburst of early 2000 and a mean post-outburst dP/dt, which then lead to estimates of the accreting component's rate of mass (M) change and its overall outburst-related change of mass over roughly a decade of observations. We apply a recently developed procedure for unified analysis of three timing-related data types (light curves, radial velocities, and eclipse timings), although with only light curves and timings in this case. Fits to the data are reasonably good without need for a disk in the light-curve model, although the disk certainly exists and has an important role in our post-outburst mass flow computations. Initial experiments showed that, although there seems to be an accretion hot spot, it has essentially no effect on derived outburst-related ?P or on post-outburst dP/dt. Use of atomic time (HJED) in place of HJD also has essentially nil effect on ?P and dP/dt. We find ?P consistently negative in various types of solutions, although at best only marginally significant statistically in any one experiment. Pre-outburst HJD {sub 0} and P results are given, as are post-outburst HJD {sub 0}, P, and dP/dt, with light curves and eclipse times as joint input, and also with only eclipse time input. Post-outburst dP/dt is negative at about 2.4?. Explicit formulae for mass transfer rates and epoch-to-epoch mass change are developed and applied. A known offset in the magnitude zero point for 1991-1994 is corrected.

  18. Data Quality Assurance and Performance Measurement of Data Mining for Preventive Maintenance of Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudin, Cynthia

    Ensuring reliability as the electrical grid morphs into the "smart grid" will require innovations in how we version of NOVA has been deployed for the power grid in New York City, and it is able to eval- uate- able and intelligent electricity distribution and transmission system, i.e., power grid. The smart grid

  19. Nuclear ashes and outflow in the eruptive star Nova Vul 1670

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminski, Tomasz; Tylenda, Romuald; Hajduk, Marcin; Patel, Nimesh A; Kraus, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    CK Vulpeculae was observed in outburst in 1670-16721, but no counterpart was seen until 1982, when a bipolar nebula was found at its location. Historically, CK Vul has been considered to be a nova (Nova Vul 1670), but a similarity to 'red transients', which are more luminous than classical nova and thought to be the result of stellar collisions, has re-opened the question of CK Vul's status. Red transients cool to resemble late M-type stars, surrounded by circumstellar material rich in molecules and dust. No stellar source has been seen in CK Vul, though a radio continuum source was identified at the expansion centre of the nebula. Here we report CK Vul is surrounded by chemically rich molecular gas with peculiar isotopic ratios, as well as dust. The chemical composition cannot be reconciled with a nova or indeed any other known explosion. In addition, the mass of the surrounding gas is too high for a nova, though the conversion from observations of CO to a total mass is uncertain. We conclude that CK Vul is ...

  20. X-ray Study of Rekindled Accretion in the Classical Nova V2491 Cygni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takei, D; Tsujimoto, M; Kitamoto, S; Drake, J J; Osborne, J P; Takahashi, H; Kinugasa, K

    2011-01-01

    We conducted an X-ray spectroscopic study of the classical nova V2491 Cygni using our target-of-opportunity observation data with the Suzaku and XMM-Newton satellites as well as archived data with the Swift satellite. Medium-resolution (R~10-50) spectra were obtained using the X-ray CCD spectrometers at several post-nova epochs on days 9, 29, 40, 50, and 60-150 in addition to a pre-nova interval between days -322 and -100 all relative to the time when the classical nova was spotted. We found remarkable changes in the time series of the spectra: (a) In the pre-nova phase and on day 9, the 6.7 keV emission line from Fe XXV was significantly detected. (b) On day 29, no such emission line was found. (c) On day 40, the 6.7 keV emission line emerged again. (d) On days 50 and 60-150, three emission lines at 6.4, 6.7, and 7.0 keV respectively from quasi-neutral Fe, Fe XXV, and Fe XXVI were found. Statistically significant changes of the Fe K line intensities were confirmed between day 29 and 50. Based on these phenom...

  1. The Effects of Thermonuclear Reaction Rate Variations on Nova Nucleosynthesis: A Sensitivity Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Iliadis; Art Champagne; Jordi Jose; Sumner Starrfield; Paul Tupper

    2002-06-03

    We investigate the effects of thermonuclear reaction rate uncertainties on nova nucleosynthesis. One-zone nucleosynthesis calculations have been performed by adopting temperature-density-time profiles of the hottest hydrogen-burning zone (i.e., the region in which most of the nucleosynthesis takes place). We obtain our profiles from 7 different, recently published, hydrodynamic nova simulations covering peak temperatures in the range from Tpeak=0.145-0.418 GK. For each of these profiles, we individually varied the rates of 175 reactions within their associated errors and analyzed the resulting abundance changes of 142 isotopes in the mass range below A=40. In total, we performed 7350 nuclear reaction network calculations. We use the most recent thermonuclear reaction rate evaluations for the mass ranges A=1-20 and A=20-40. For the theoretical astrophysicist, our results indicate the extent to which nova nucleosynthesis calculations depend on presently uncertain nuclear physics input, while for the experimental nuclear physicist our results represent at least a qualitative guide for future measurements at stable and radioactive ion beam facilities. We find that present reaction rate estimates are reliable for predictions of Li, Be, C and N abundances in nova nucleosynthesis. However, rate uncertainties of several reactions have to be reduced significantly in order to predict more reliable O, F, Ne, Na, Mg, Al, Si, S, Cl and Ar abundances. Results are presented in tabular form for each adopted nova simulation.

  2. Power Plant Power Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stillwater Power Plant Wabuska Power Plant Casa Diablo Power Plant Glass Mountain Geothermal Area Lassen Geothermal Area Coso Hot Springs Power Plants Lake City Geothermal Area Thermo Geothermal Area Lakeview Geothermal Area Raft River Geothermal Area Cove Fort Power Plant Roosevelt Power Plant Borax Lake

  3. Construction of AC Motor Controllers for NOvA Experiment Upgrades

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooley, Patrick; ,

    2011-08-04

    I have been constructing Alternating Current (AC) motor controllers for manipulation of particle beam detectors. The capability and reliability of these motor controllers are essential to the Laboratory's mission of accurate analysis of the particle beam's position. The device is moved in and out of the beam's path by the motor controller followed by the Neutrinos at the Main Injector Off-Axis {nu}{sub e} Appearance (NOvA) Experiment further down the beam pipe. In total, I built and tested ten ac motor controllers for new beam operations in the NOvA experiment. These units will prove to be durable and provide extremely accurate beam placement for NOvA Experiment far into the future.

  4. Using near detector(s) to predict the far detector events in NOvA experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Djurcic, Zelimir; /Argonne

    2011-01-01

    The NOvA experiment is designed to search for a non-vanishing mixing angle {theta}{sub 13} with unprecedented sensitivity and has the potential to resolve the neutrino mass hierarchy and constrain CP-violation phase. NOvA will use two functionally identical detectors at near and far locations to eliminate sensitivity to modeling of neutrino flux and cross-sections. The near detector will measure neutrino rate to constrain backgrounds expected in the far detector which will search for appearance of electron neutrinos and/or anti-neutrinos using Fermilab NuMI neutrino beam. This report describes initial thoughts on how the available beams and detectors may be used to reach the NOvA goals.

  5. The Impact of Nuclear Reaction Rate Uncertainties on Evolutionary Studies of the Nova Outburst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Raphael Hix; Michael S. Smith; Anthony Mezzacappa; Sumner Starrfield; Donald L. Smith

    2000-01-27

    The observable consequences of a nova outburst depend sensitively on the details of the thermonuclear runaway which initiates the outburst. One of the more important sources of uncertainty is the nuclear reaction data used as input for the evolutionary calculations. A recent paper by Starrfield, Truran, Wiescher, & Sparks (1998) has demonstrated that changes in the reaction rate library used within a nova simulation have significant effects, not just on the production of individual isotopes (which can change by an order of magnitude), but on global observables such as the peak luminosity and the amount of mass ejected. We present preliminary results of systematic analyses of the impact of reaction rate uncertainties on nova nucleosynthesis.

  6. Modeling CHANDRA Low Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer Observations of Classical Novae with PHOENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Petz; Peter H. Hauschildt; Jan-Uwe Ness; Sumner Starrfield

    2005-01-05

    We use the PHOENIX code package to model the X-ray spectrum of Nova V4743 Sagittarii observed with the LETGS onboard the Chandra satellite on 19 March 2003. To analyze nova atmospheres and related systems with an underlying nuclear burning envelope at X-ray wavelengths, it was necessary to update the code with new microphysics. We demonstrate that the X-ray emission is dominated by thermal bremsstrahlung and that the hard X-rays are dominated by Fe and N absorption. Preliminary models are calculated assuming solar abundances. It is shown that the models can be used to determine element abundances in the nova ejecta by increasing the absorption in the shell.

  7. Nova Publishers Smart Grid: Technologies, Applications and Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Model Based Control Algorithm for Residential Photovoltaic and Energy Storage Systems Accounting residential photovoltaic (PV) power generation and energy storage systems into the Smart Grid is an effective user; photovoltaic system; energy storage; adaptive control; component model; prediction error. 1

  8. Newly arising problems in the research of SU UMa-type dwarf novae from VSNET collaborations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Nogami

    2006-05-10

    Our research on variable objects based on the VSNET collaborations has achieved much progress in understanding the nature of many kinds of phenomena. Many problems have appeared, instead. Among them, we here review three newly arising problems in the research of SU UMa-type dwarf novae: 1) how do EI Psc and V485 Cen evolve as a cataclysmic variable?, 2) is the early superhump a particular phenomenon for WZ Sge-type dwarf novae?, and 3) what parameters determine variations of the superhump period?

  9. jhchang@nova.snu.ac.kr {btzhang,ytkim}@cse.snu.ac.kr Helmholtz machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    jhchang@nova.snu.ac.kr {btzhang,ytkim}@cse.snu.ac.kr Helmholtz machine . Helmholtz machine , . Helmholtz machine . , . (information gain) , Naïve Bayes . 1. (text categorization) . , . k- , Naïve Bayes, , support vector machine, PCA . , . . , . MCMC (Markov Chain Monte Carlo), Variational inference . Helmholtz

  10. Solar Sails: una nova manera de navegar per l'espai A. Farres1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rovira, Carles

    Solar Sails: una nova manera de navegar per l'espai (SIMBa) A. Farr´es1 & `A. Jorba2 1 Institut de Dynamics Station Keeping Surfing + realistic model Conclusions 1 Background on Solar Sails 2 Some comments) Solar Sails SIMBa 2 / 62 #12;Background Dynamics Station Keeping Surfing + realistic model Conclusions

  11. Concurrent Formation of Carbon and Silicate Dust in Nova V1280 Sco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakon, Itsuki; Onaka, Takashi; Nozawa, Takaya; Kimura, Yuki; Fujiyoshi, Takuya; Shimonishi, Takashi; Usui, Fumihiko; Takahashi, Hidenori; Ohsawa, Ryou; Arai, Akira; Uemura, Makoto; Nagayama, Takahiro; Koo, Bon-Chul; Kozasa, Takashi

    2015-01-01

    We present infrared multi-epoch observations of the dust forming nova V1280 Sco over $\\sim$2000 days from the outburst. The temporal evolution of the infrared spectral energy distributions at 1272, 1616 and 1947 days can be explained by the emissions produced by amorphous carbon dust of mass (6.6--8.7)$\\times$10$^{-8}$M$_{\\odot}$ with a representative grain size of 0.01$~\\mu$m and astronomical silicate dust of mass (3.4--4.3)$\\times$10$^{-7}$M$_{\\odot}$ with a representative grain size of 0.3--0.5$~\\mu$m. Both of these dust species travel farther away from the white dwarf without an apparent mass evolution throughout those later epochs. The dust formation scenario around V1280 Sco suggested from our analyses is that the amorphous carbon dust is formed in the nova ejecta followed by the formation of silicate dust in the expanding nova ejecta or as a result of the interaction between the nova wind and the circumstellar medium.

  12. The mass of the white dwarf in the old nova BT Mon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Smith; V. S. Dhillon; T. R. Marsh

    1997-09-22

    We present spectrophotometry of the eclipsing old nova BT Mon (Nova Mon 1939). By detecting weak absorption features from the secondary star, we find its radial velocity semi-amplitude to be K_R = 205+/-5 km/s and its rotational velocity to be vsin i = 138+/-5 km/s. We also measure the radial velocity semi-amplitude of the primary star to be K_R = 170+/-10 km/s. From these parameters we obtain a mass of 1.04+/-0.06 M_sun for the white dwarf primary star and a mass of 0.87+/-0.06 M_sun for the G8V secondary star. The inclination of the system is found to be 82.2+/-3.2 deg and we estimate that the system lies at a distance of 1700+/-300pc. The high mass of the white dwarf and our finding that BT Mon was probably a fast nova together constitute a new piece of evidence in favour of the thermonuclear runaway model of classical nova outbursts. The emission lines are single peaked throughout the orbital cycle, showing absorption around phase 0.5, high velocity S-wave components and large phase offsets in their radial velocity curves. In each of these respects, BT Mon is similar to the SW Sex stars. We also find quasi-periodic flaring in the trailed spectra, which makes BT Mon a candidate intermediate polar.

  13. RAPID DUST FORMATION IN NOVAE: THE SPEED CLASS—FORMATION TIMESCALE CORRELATION EXPLAINED

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, S. C.; Bode, M. F.; Darnley, M. J.; Evans, A.; Zubko, V.; Shafter, A. W.

    2013-11-10

    Observations show that the time of onset of dust formation in classical novae depends strongly on their speed class, with dust typically taking longer to form in slower novae. Using empirical relationships between speed class, luminosity and ejection velocity, it can be shown that dust formation timescale is expected to be essentially independent of speed class. However, following a nova outburst the spectrum of the central hot source evolves, with an increasing proportion of the radiation being emitted short-ward of the Lyman limit. The rate at which the spectrum evolves also depends on the speed class. We have therefore refined the simple model by assuming photons at energies higher than the Lyman limit are absorbed by neutral hydrogen gas internal to the dust formation sites, therefore preventing these photons reaching the nucleation sites. With this refinement the dust formation timescale is theoretically dependent on speed class and the results of our theoretical modification agree well with the observational data. We consider two types of carbon-based dust, graphite and amorphous carbon, with both types producing similar relationships. Our results can be used to predict when dust will form in a nova of a given speed class and hence when observations should optimally be taken to detect the onset of dust formation.

  14. NOVA NERSC's Online VASP Application Annette Greiner Shreyas Cholia

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on771/6/14 Contact: JanetSite661. NOIlVdlSINIWG VSPECIFIED

  15. NOVA Portal: Submit VASP Jobs to Carver via the Web

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on771/6/14 Contact: JanetSite661. NOIlVdlSINIWG VSPECIFIEDNOVA

  16. Sandia Energy - Mark Boslough Featured in NOVA Special about the

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis ofSampleLignin-Feasting Microbe HoldsMapping WaterChelyabinsk

  17. Underground study of the 17 O(p,? )18F reaction at Gamow energies for classical novae 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, David Andrew

    2014-11-27

    Classical novae are explained as thermonuclear explosions on the surface of white dwarf stars accreting hydrogen-rich material from less evolved companions in binary star systems. These events occur frequently within our ...

  18. Determining the neutrino mass hierarchy and CP violation in NoVA with a second off-axis detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mena, Olga; /Fermilab; Palomares-Ruiz, Sergio; /Vanderbilt U.; Pascoli, Silvia; /CERN /Durham U., IPPP

    2005-10-01

    We consider a Super-NOVA-like experimental configuration based on the use of two detectors in a long-baseline experiment as NOVA. We take the far detector as in the present NOVA proposal and add a second detector at a shorter baseline. The location of the second off-axis detector is chosen such that the ratio L/E is the same for both detectors, being L the baseline and E the neutrino energy. We consider liquid argon and water- Cerenkov techniques for the second off-axis detector and study, for different experimental setups, the detector mass required for the determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy, for different values of {theta}{sub 13}. We also study the capabilities of such an experimental setup for determining CP-violation in the neutrino sector. Our results show that by adding a second off-axis detector a remarkable enhancement on the capabilities of the current NOVA experiment could be achieved.

  19. High Energy Neutrinos from Novae in Symbiotic Binaries: The Case of V407 Cygni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soebur Razzaque; Pierre Jean; Olga Mena

    2010-12-07

    Detection of high-energy (~> 100 MeV) gamma rays by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) from a nova in the symbiotic binary system V407 Cygni has opened possibility of high-energy neutrino detection from this type of sources. Thermonuclear explosion on the white dwarf surface sets off a nova shell in motion that expands and slows down in a dense surrounding medium provided by the red giant companion. Particles are accelerated in the shocks of the shell, and interact with surrounding medium to produce observed gamma rays. We show that proton-proton interaction, which is most likely responsible for producing gamma rays via neutral pion decay, produces ~> 0.1 GeV neutrinos that can be detected by the current and future experiments at ~> 10 GeV.

  20. ELEMENTAL ABUNDANCES IN THE EJECTA OF OLD CLASSICAL NOVAE FROM LATE-EPOCH SPITZER SPECTRA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, L. Andrew; Vacca, William D.; Gehrz, Robert D.; Woodward, Charles E.; Shenoy, Dinesh P.; Wagner, R. Mark; Evans, Aneurin; Krautter, Joachim; Schwarz, Greg J.; Starrfield, Sumner

    2012-08-10

    We present Spitzer Space Telescope mid-infrared IRS spectra, supplemented by ground-based optical observations, of the classical novae V1974 Cyg, V382 Vel, and V1494 Aql more than 11, 8, and 4 years after outburst, respectively. The spectra are dominated by forbidden emission from neon and oxygen, though in some cases, there are weak signatures of magnesium, sulfur, and argon. We investigate the geometry and distribution of the late time ejecta by examination of the emission line profiles. Using nebular analysis in the low-density regime, we estimate lower limits on the abundances in these novae. In V1974 Cyg and V382 Vel, our observations confirm the abundance estimates presented by other authors and support the claims that these eruptions occurred on ONe white dwarfs (WDs). We report the first detection of neon emission in V1494 Aql and show that the system most likely contains a CO WD.

  1. NOVA: a nonvariational code for solving MHD stability of axisymmetric toroidal plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, C.Z.; Chance, M.S.

    1986-04-01

    A nonvariational approach for determining the ideal MHD stability of axisymmetric toroidal confinement systems is presented. The code (NOVA) employs cubic B-spline finite elements and Fourier expansion in a general flux coordinate (psi, theta, zeta) system. Better accuracy and faster convergence were obtained in comparison with the variational PEST and ERATO codes. The nonvariational approach can be extended to problems having non-Hermitian eigenmode equations where variational energy principles cannot be obtained.

  2. Genetic and environmental factors affecting growth and reproduction characters of Morada Nova sheep in Northeastern Brazil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandes, Antonio Amaury Oria

    1985-01-01

    sheep was raised at the Fazenda Iracema-Sertao Central Research Unit which belongs to the "Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Ceara" (EPACE). The Fazenda Iracema is located at Quixada, Ceara, Brazil situ- Table 3 Summary of the Experimental Morada... collected over a 6-year period (1979-1984) from the Morada Nova sheep flock (Figure 2) maintained by the Experimental Research Unit of the "Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Ceara" (EPACE) at the Experimental Iracema Farm, Quixada, Ceara, Brazil...

  3. Superhumps and Repetitive Rebrightenings of the WZ Sge-Type Dwarf Nova, EG Cancri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Kato; D. Nogami; K. Matsumoto; H. Baba

    2003-10-15

    We report on time-resolved photometric observations of the WZ Sge-type dwarf nova, EG Cnc (Huruhata's variable, see also http://www.kusastro.kyoto-u.ac.jp/vsnet/DNe/egcnc.html), during its superoutburst in 1996-1997. EG Cnc, after the main superoutburst accompanied with development of superhumps typical of a WZ Sge-type dwarf nova, exhibited a series of six major rebrightenings. During these rebrightenings and the following long fading tail, EG Cnc persistently showed superhumps having a period equal to the superhump period observed during the main superoutburst. The persistent superhumps had a constant superhump flux with respect to the rebrightening phase. These findings suggest the superhumps observed during the rebrightening stage and the fading tail are a "remnant" of usual superhumps, and are not newly triggered by rebrightenings. By comparison with the 1977 outburst of this object and outbursts of other WZ Sge-type dwarf novae, we propose an activity sequence of WZ Sge-type superoutbursts, in which the current outburst of EG Cnc is placed between a single-rebrightening event and distinct outbursts separated by a dip. The post-superoutburst behavior of WZ Sge-type dwarf novae can be understood in the presence of considerable amount of remnant matter behind the cooling front in the outer accretion disk, even after the main superoutburst. We consider the premature quenching of the hot state due to the weak tidal effect under the extreme mass ratio of the WZ Sge-type binary is responsible for the origin of the remnant mass.

  4. Photometry of the dwarf nova AW Sagittae during the 2006 November superoutburst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeremy Shears; Roger Pickard; Tom Krajci; Gary Poyner

    2007-05-31

    During 2006 November an outburst of the dwarf nova AW Sge was observed using CCD photometry. This revealed 0.25 magnitude superhumps confirming it to be a superoutburst, possibly only the second confirmed such outburst of this star. The superhumps were observed for 4 days and had a stable period Psh = 0.0745(2)d, a value which is consistent with Psh measured during the 2000 superoutburst.

  5. Nuclear structure of 30S and its implications for nucleosynthesis in classical novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Setoodehnia; A. A. Chen; D. Kahl; T. Komatsubara; J. José; R. Longland; Y. Abe; D. N. Binh; J. Chen; S. Cherubini; J. A. Clark; C. M. Deibel; S. Fukuoka; T. Hashimoto; T. Hayakawa; J. Hendriks; Y. Ishibashi; Y. Ito; S. Kubono; W. N. Lennard; T. Moriguchi; D. Nagae; R. Nishikiori; T. Niwa; A. Ozawa; P. D. Parker; D. Seiler; T. Shizuma; H. Suzuki; C. Wrede; H. Yamaguchi; T. Yuasa

    2012-10-03

    The uncertainty in the 29P(p,gamma)30S reaction rate over the temperature range of 0.1 - 1.3 GK was previously determined to span ~4 orders of magnitude due to the uncertain location of two previously unobserved 3+ and 2+ resonances in the 4.7 - 4.8 MeV excitation region in 30S. Therefore, the abundances of silicon isotopes synthesized in novae, which are relevant for the identification of presolar grains of putative nova origin, were uncertain by a factor of 3. To investigate the level structure of 30S above the proton threshold (4394.9(7) keV), a charged-particle spectroscopy and an in-beam gamma-ray spectroscopy experiments were performed. Differential cross sections of the 32S(p,t)30S reaction were measured at 34.5 MeV. Distorted wave Born approximation calculations were performed to constrain the spin-parity assignments of the observed levels. An energy level scheme was deduced from gamma-gamma coincidence measurements using the 28Si(3He,n-gamma)30S reaction. Spin-parity assignments based on measurements of gamma-ray angular distributions and gamma-gamma directional correlation from oriented nuclei were made for most of the observed levels of 30S. As a result, the resonance energies corresponding to the excited states in 4.5 MeV - 6 MeV region, including the two astrophysically important states predicted previously, are measured with significantly better precision than before. The uncertainty in the rate of the 29P(p,gamma)30S reaction is substantially reduced over the temperature range of interest. Finally, the influence of this rate on the abundance ratios of silicon isotopes synthesized in novae are obtained via 1D hydrodynamic nova simulations.

  6. Non-Thermal Radio Emission from Colliding Flows in Classical Nova V1723 Aql

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Jennifer H S; Metzger, Brian D; Zheng, Yong; Chomiuk, Laura; Krauss, Miriam I; Linford, Justin; Nelson, Thomas; Mioduszewski, Amy; Rupen, Michael P; Finzell, Tom; Mukai, Koji

    2015-01-01

    The importance of shocks in nova explosions has been highlighted by the recent discovery of \\gamma-ray producing novae by Fermi. We use over three years of multi-band radio observations of nova V1723 Aql with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) to show that shocks between fast and slow flows within the ejecta led to the acceleration of particles and the production of synchrotron radiation. Approximately one month after the start of V1723 Aql's eruption in 2010 September, shocks in the ejecta produced an unexpected radio flare, ultimately resulting in a radio light curve with a multi-peaked structure. More than a year after the start of the eruption, the radio emission became consistent with emanating from an expanding thermal remnant with a mass of $2\\times10^{-4}$ M$_\\odot$ and a temperature of $10^4$ K. However, the brightness temperature of greater than $10^6$ K at low frequencies during the first two months was too high to be due to thermal emission from the small amount of X-ray producing shock-hea...

  7. Thermal radio emission from novae & symbiotics with the Square Kilometre Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Tim; Chomiuk, Laura; Ribeiro, Valerio; Bode, Michael; Sokoloski, Jennifer; Woudt, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    The thermal radio emission of novae during outburst enables us to derive fundamental quantities such as the ejected mass, kinetic energy, and density profile of the ejecta. Recent observations with newly-upgraded facilities such as the VLA and e-MERLIN are just beginning to reveal the incredibly complex processes of mass ejection in novae (ejections appear to often proceed in multiple phases and over prolonged timescales). Symbiotic stars can also exhibit outbursts, which are sometimes accompanied by the expulsion of material in jets. However, unlike novae, the long-term thermal radio emission of symbiotics originates in the wind of the giant secondary star, which is irradiated by the hot white dwarf. The effect of the white dwarf on the giant's wind is strongly time variable, and the physical mechanism driving these variations remains a mystery (possibilities include accretion instabilities and time-variable nuclear burning on the white dwarf's surface). The exquisite sensitivity of SKA1 will enable us to su...

  8. X-Ray Emitting Blast Wave from the Recurrent Nova RS Ophiuchi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. L. Sokoloski; G. J. M. Luna; K. Mukai; Scott J. Kenyon

    2006-05-30

    Stellar explosions such as novae and supernovae produce most of the heavy elements in the Universe. Although the onset of novae from runaway thermonuclear fusion reactions on the surface of a white dwarf in a binary star system is understood[1], the structure, dynamics, and mass of the ejecta are not well known. In rare cases, the white dwarf is embedded in the wind nebula of a red-giant companion; the explosion products plow through the nebula and produce X-ray emission. Early this year, an eruption of the recurrent nova RS Ophiuchi[2,3] provided the first opportunity to perform comprehensive X-ray observations of such an event and diagnose conditions within the ejecta. Here we show that the hard X-ray emission from RS Ophiuchi early in the eruption emanates from behind a blast wave, or outward-moving shock wave, that expanded freely for less than 2 days and then decelerated due to interaction with the nebula. The X-rays faded rapidly, suggesting that the blast wave deviates from the standard spherical shell structure[4-6]. The early onset of deceleration indicates that the ejected shell had a low mass, the white dwarf has a high mass[7], and that RS Ophiuchi is a progenitor of the type of supernova integral to studies of the expansion of the universe.

  9. THE 2001-2003 LOW STATE OF NOVA LACERTAE 1950 (DK LAC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Honeycutt, R. K.; Jacobson, H.; Hoffman, D.; Maxwell, T.; Croxall, K.; Kafka, S.; Henden, A. A.; Robertson, J. W. E-mail: jacob189@msu.edu E-mail: tmaxwell@astro.indiana.edu E-mail: skafka@dtm.ciw.edu E-mail: Jeff.Robertson@atu.edu

    2011-04-15

    We report on extensive photometry of DK Lac obtained during the interval 1990-2009, which includes a 2 mag low state during 2001-2003. Much of the photometry consists of exposures obtained with a typical spacing of several days, but also includes 26 sequences of continuous photometry each lasting 2-7 hr. We find no evidence for periodicities in our data. We do find that the random variations in the low state are approximately twice those in the high state, when expressed in magnitudes. The lack of orbital-timescale variations is attributed to the nearly face-on presentation of the disk. There is a 0.2 mag decline in the high-state brightness of the system over 19 years, which is consistent with the behavior of other old novae in the decades following outburst. High-state spectra are also presented and discussed. We find that the equivalent width of H{alpha} falls by about double from 1991 to 2008. The photometric properties are discussed in the context of the hibernation scenario for the behavior of novae between outbursts, in which we conclude that low states in old novae are probably unrelated to their possible entrance into hibernation.

  10. The 1991-2012 light curve of the old nova HR Lyrae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Honeycutt, R. K.; Shears, J.; Kafka, S.; Robertson, J. W.; Henden, A. A. E-mail: bunburyobservatory@hotmail.com E-mail: Jeff.Robertson@atu.edu

    2014-05-01

    The 22 yr light curve of HR Lyr, acquired with a typical cadence of 2-6 days, is examined for periodic and quasi-periodic variations. No persistent periodicities are revealed. Rather, the light curve variations often take the form of nearly linear rises and falls having typical e-folding times of about 100 days. Occasional ?0.6 mag outbursts are also seen, with properties similar to those of small outbursts found in some nova-like cataclysmic variables. When the photometry is formed into yearly averages, a decline of 0.012 ± 0.005 mag yr{sup –1} is apparent, consistent with the fading of irradiation-induced M-dot following the nova. The equivalent width of H? is tabulated at three epochs over the interval 1986-2008 in order to compare with a recent result for DK Lac in which H? was found to be fading 50 yr after the nova. However, our results for such a fading in HR Lyr are inconclusive.

  11. HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE FAR ULTRAVIOLET SPECTROSCOPY OF THE RECURRENT NOVA T PYXIDIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Godon, Patrick; Sion, Edward M. [Astronomy and Astrophysics, Villanova University, Villanova, PA 19085 (United States); Starrfield, Sumner [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 (United States); Livio, Mario; Williams, Robert E. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Woodward, Charles E. [Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Kuin, Paul [Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Page, Kim L., E-mail: patrick.godon@villanova.edu, E-mail: edward.sion@villanova.edu, E-mail: sumner.starrfield@asu.edu, E-mail: mlivio@stsci.edu, E-mail: wms@stsci.edu, E-mail: chelsea@astro.umn.edu, E-mail: n.kuin@ucl.ac.uk, E-mail: klp5@leicester.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)

    2014-04-01

    With six recorded nova outbursts, the prototypical recurrent nova T Pyxidis (T Pyx) is the ideal cataclysmic variable system to assess the net change of the white dwarf mass within a nova cycle. Recent estimates of the mass ejected in the 2011 outburst ranged from a few ?10{sup –5} M {sub ?} to 3.3 × 10{sup –4} M {sub ?}, and assuming a mass accretion rate of 10{sup –8}-10{sup –7} M {sub ?} yr{sup –1} for 44 yr, it has been concluded that the white dwarf in T Pyx is actually losing mass. Using NLTE disk modeling spectra to fit our recently obtained Hubble Space Telescope COS and STIS spectra, we find a mass accretion rate of up to two orders of magnitude larger than previously estimated. Our larger mass accretion rate is due mainly to the newly derived distance of T Pyx (4.8 kpc, larger than the previous 3.5 kpc estimate), our derived reddening of E(B – V) = 0.35 (based on combined IUE and GALEX spectra), and NLTE disk modeling (compared to blackbody and raw flux estimates in earlier works). We find that for most values of the reddening (0.25 ? E(B – V) ? 0.50) and white dwarf mass (0.70 M {sub ?} ? M {sub wd} ? 1.35 M {sub ?}) the accreted mass is larger than the ejected mass. Only for a low reddening (?0.25 and smaller) combined with a large white dwarf mass (0.9 M {sub ?} and larger) is the ejected mass larger than the accreted one. However, the best results are obtained for a larger value of reddening.

  12. MULTIWAVELENGTH PHOTOMETRY AND HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE SPECTROSCOPY OF THE OLD NOVA V842 CENTAURUS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sion, Edward M. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Villanova University, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085 (United States); Szkody, Paula; Mukadam, Anjum [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Warner, Brian; Woudt, Patrick [Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre, Department of Astronomy, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa); Walter, Frederic [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Henden, Arne [AAVSO 49 Bay State Road, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Godon, Patrick, E-mail: edward.sion@villanova.edu, E-mail: szkody@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: anjum@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: brian.warner@uct.ac.za, E-mail: pwoudt@ast.uct.ac.za, E-mail: frederick.walter@stonybrook.edu, E-mail: arne@aavso.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Villanova University, Villanova, PA 19085 (United States)

    2013-08-01

    We present ground-based optical and near infrared photometric observations and Hubble Space Telescope (HST) COS spectroscopic observations of the old nova V842 Cen (Nova Cen 1986). Analysis of the optical light curves reveals a peak at 56.5 {+-} 0.3 s with an amplitude of 8.9 {+-} 4.2 mma, which is consistent with the rotation of a magnetic white dwarf primary in V842 Cen that was detected earlier by Woudt et al., and led to its classification as an intermediate polar. However, our UV lightcurve created from the COS time-tag spectra does not show this periodicity. Our synthetic spectral analysis of an HST COS spectrum rules out a hot white dwarf photosphere as the source of the FUV flux. The best-fitting model to the COS spectrum is a full optically thick accretion disk with no magnetic truncation, a low disk inclination angle, low accretion rate and a distance less than half the published distance that was determined on the basis of interstellar sodium D line strengths. Truncated accretion disks with truncation radii of 3 R{sub wd} and 5 R{sub wd} yielded unsatisfactory agreement with the COS data. The accretion rate is unexpectedly low for a classical nova only 24 yr after the explosion when the accretion rate is expected to be high and the white dwarf should still be very hot, especially if irradiation of the donor star took place. Our low accretion rate is consistent with those derived from X-ray and ground-based optical data.

  13. Detection of a 5-Hz QPO from X-ray Nova GRS 1739-278

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. N. Borozdin; S. P. Trudolyubov

    2000-03-08

    The X-ray nova GRS1739-278 flared up near the Galactic center in the spring of 1996. Here we report on the discovery of a ~5-Hz quasi-periodic oscillations (QPO) in RXTE/PCA observations of GRS1739-278. The QPO were only present when the source was in its very high state, and disappeared later, when it made a transition down into the high state. We present the energy spectra of this black hole candidate measured in both high and very high states, and discuss the similarities between this system and other X-ray transients.

  14. Classical novae and type I X-ray bursts: Challenges for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parikh, A., E-mail: anuj.r.parikh@upc.edu; José, J., E-mail: jordi.jose@upc.edu; Sala, G., E-mail: gloria.sala@upc.edu [Departament de Física i Enginyeria Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (EUETIB), E-08036 Barcelona (Spain); Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), E-08034 Barcelona (Spain)

    2014-04-15

    Classical nova explosions and type I X-ray bursts are the most frequent types of thermonuclear stellar explosions in the Galaxy. Both phenomena arise from thermonuclear ignition in the envelopes of accreting compact objects in close binary star systems. Detailed observations of these events have stimulated numerous studies in theoretical astrophysics and experimental nuclear physics. We discuss observational features of these phenomena and theoretical efforts to better understand the energy production and nucleosynthesis in these explosions. We also examine and summarize studies directed at identifying nuclear physics quantities with uncertainties that significantly affect model predictions.

  15. Modeling CHANDRA Low Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer Observations of Classical Novae with PHOENIX. I. V4743 Sagittarii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Petz; Peter H. Hauschildt; Jan-Uwe Ness; Sumner Starrfield

    2004-10-15

    We use the PHOENIX code package to model the X-ray spectrum of Nova V4743 Sagittarii observed with the LETGS onboard the Chandra satellite on March 2003. Our atmosphere models are 1D spherical, expanding, line blanketed, and in full NLTE. To analyze nova atmospheres and related systems with an underlying nuclear burning envelope at X-ray wavelengths, it was necessary to update the code with new microphysics, as discussed in this paper. We demonstrate that the X-ray emission is dominated by thermal bremsstrahlung and that the hard X-rays are dominated by Fe and N absorption. The best fit to the observation is provided at a temperature of T_eff = 5.8 x 10^5 K, with L_bol = 50 000 L_sun. The models are calculated for solar abundances. It is shown that the models can be used to determine abundances in the nova ejecta.

  16. HST Fine Guidance Sensor Astrometric Parallaxes for Three Dwarf Novae: SS Aurigae, SS Cygni, and U Geminorum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas E. Harrison; Bernard J. McNamara; Paula Szkody; Barbara J. McAurthur; G. F. Benedict; Arnold R. Klemola; Ronald L. Gilliland

    1999-02-16

    We report astrometric parallaxes for three well known dwarf novae obtained using the Fine Guidance Sensors on the Hubble Space Telescope. We found a parallax for SS Aurigae of Pi = 5.00 +/- 0.64 mas, for SS Cygni we found Pi = 6.02 +/- 0.46 mas, and for U Geminorum we obtained Pi = 10.37 +/- 0.50 mas. These represent the first true trigonometric parallaxes of any dwarf novae. We briefly compare these results with previous distance estimates. This program demonstrates that with a very modest amount of HST observing time, the Fine Guidance Sensors can deliver parallaxes of unrivaled precision.

  17. Suzaku observation of the classical nova V2491 Cyg in quiescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zemko, Polina; Orio, Marina

    2015-01-01

    We present Suzaku XIS observation of V2491 Cyg (Nova Cyg 2008 No. 2) obtained in quiescence, more than two years after the outburst. The nova was detected as a very luminous source in a wide spectral range from soft to hard X-rays. A very soft blackbody-like component peaking at 0.5 keV indicates that either we observe remaining, localized hydrogen burning on the surface of the white dwarf, or accretion onto a magnetized polar cap. In the second case, V2491 Cyg is a candidate "soft intermediate polar". We obtained the best fit for the X-ray spectra with several components: two of thermal plasma, a blackbody and a complex absorber. The later is typical of intermediate polars. The X-ray light-curve shows a modulation with a $\\sim$38 min period. The amplitude of this modulation is strongly energy dependent and reaches maximum in the 0.8--2.0 keV range. We discuss the origin of the X-ray emission and pulsations, and the likelihood of the intermediate polar scenario.

  18. X-Ray Spectroscopy of the Classical Nova V458 Vulpeculae with Suzaku

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsujimoto, Masahiro; Drake, Jeremy J; Ness, Jan-Uwe; Kitamoto, Shunji

    2008-01-01

    We conducted a target of opportunity X-ray observation of the classical nova V458 Vulpeculae 88 days after the explosion using the Suzaku satellite. With a 20 ks exposure, the X-ray Imaging Spectrometer detected X-ray emission significantly harder than typical super-soft source emission. The X-ray spectrum shows K lines from N, Ne, Mg, Si, and S, and L-series emission from Fe in highly ionized states. The spectrum can be described by a single temperature (0.64 keV) thin thermal plasma model in collisional equilibrium with a hydrogen-equivalent extinction column density of ~3e21/cm2, a flux of ~1e-12 erg/s/cm2, and a luminosity of ~6e34 erg/s in the 0.3-3.0 keV band at an assumed distance of 13 kpc. We found a hint of an enhancement of N and deficiencies of O and Fe relative to other metals. The observed X-ray properties can be interpreted as the emission arising from shocks of ejecta from an ONe-type nova.

  19. Photoionization Heating of Nova Ejecta by the Post-Outburst Supersoft Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Timothy; Bildsten, Lars

    2015-01-01

    The expanding ejecta from a classical nova remains hot enough ($\\sim10^{4}\\, {\\rm K}$) to be detected in thermal radio emission for up to years after the cessation of mass loss triggered by a thermonuclear instability on the underlying white dwarf (WD). Nebular spectroscopy of nova remnants confirms the hot temperatures observed in radio observations. During this same period, the unstable thermonuclear burning transitions to a prolonged period of stable burning of the remnant hydrogen-rich envelope, causing the WD to become, temporarily, a super-soft X-ray source. We show that photoionization heating of the expanding ejecta by the hot WD maintains the observed nearly constant temperature of $(1-4)\\times10^4\\mathrm{~K}$ for up to a year before an eventual decline in temperature due to either the cessation of the supersoft phase or the onset of a predominantly adiabatic expansion. We simulate the expanding ejecta using a one-zone model as well as the Cloudy spectral synthesis code, both incorporating the time-d...

  20. MULTIPLICITY OF NOVA ENVELOPE SOLUTIONS AND OCCURRENCE OF OPTICALLY THICK WINDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kato, Mariko; Hachisu, Izumi E-mail: hachisu@ea.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    2009-07-10

    We revisit the occurrence condition of optically thick winds reported by Kato in 1985 and Kato and Hachisu in 1989 who mathematically examined nova envelope solutions with an old opacity and found that optically thick winds are accelerated only in massive white dwarfs (WDs) of {approx}>0.9 M{sub sun}. With the OPAL opacity we find that the optically thick wind occurs for {approx}>0.6 M{sub sun} WDs and that the occurrence of winds depends not only on the WD mass but also on the ignition mass. When the ignition mass is larger than a critical value, winds are suppressed by a density-inversion layer. Such a static solution can be realized in WDs of mass {approx}0.6-0.7 M{sub sun}. We propose that sequences consisting only of static solutions correspond to slow evolutions in symbiotic novae like PU Vul because PU Vul shows no indication of strong winds in a long-lasted flat peak followed by a very slow decline in its light curve.

  1. X-Ray Spectroscopy of the Classical Nova V458 Vulpeculae with Suzaku

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masahiro Tsujimoto; Dai Takei; Jeremy J. Drake; Jan-Uwe Ness; Shunji Kitamoto

    2008-10-17

    We conducted a target of opportunity X-ray observation of the classical nova V458 Vulpeculae 88 days after the explosion using the Suzaku satellite. With a 20 ks exposure, the X-ray Imaging Spectrometer detected X-ray emission significantly harder than typical super-soft source emission. The X-ray spectrum shows K lines from N, Ne, Mg, Si, and S, and L-series emission from Fe in highly ionized states. The spectrum can be described by a single temperature (0.64 keV) thin thermal plasma model in collisional equilibrium with a hydrogen-equivalent extinction column density of ~3e21/cm2, a flux of ~1e-12 erg/s/cm2, and a luminosity of ~6e34 erg/s in the 0.3-3.0 keV band at an assumed distance of 13 kpc. We found a hint of an enhancement of N and deficiencies of O and Fe relative to other metals. The observed X-ray properties can be interpreted as the emission arising from shocks of ejecta from an ONe-type nova.

  2. Quantifying atmospheric pollution across north america from boreal forest fires: a combined analysis of atmospheric modelling and ground-based remote sensing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trigwell, Robert

    2011-11-24

    This paper describes the interpretation of the 2010 summer LIDAR observations from Dal- housie University, Nova Scotia. The GEOS-Chem global 3D chemistry transport model was used to identify the chemical and optical ...

  3. Personal Health Information Act (PHIA) and Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    Personal Health Information Act (PHIA) and Research Dalhousie Research Ethics Board Presented Information Act ­ Provincial privacy legislation under the Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness health information for planning or research. · Follows the pattern of protection adopted by various

  4. Title: Satellite Streetview: Canadian Cities and Regions Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Hamilton, Kitchener, St. Catharines, Quebec City, Montreal, Jonquiere, Halifax, Fredericton, St. Johns, Ontario; Cornwall, Ontario; Hamilton, Ontario; Kitchener, Ontario; St, Catherines, Ontario; Quebec City, Quebec; Montreal, Quebec; Jonquiere, Quebec; Halifax, Nova Scotia; Fredericton, New Brunswick; St. John

  5. Teaching Humanities in Medicine: The University of Massachusetts Family Medicine Residency Program Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silk, Hugh; Shields, Sara

    2012-01-01

    Charon R. Narrative and medicine. N Eng J Med 2004;350:862-California, Irvine, College of Medicine. Acad Med. 2003;78:University Faculty of Medicine, Nova Scotia, Canada, 1992–

  6. 46 Marine Fisheries Review Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , three companies, one in Massachusetts, one in New Brunswick, and one on Prince Edward Island, Canada), Scotland (Edwards, 1997), and in Atlantic Canada (Quebec, New- foundland, Nova Scotia), and also St. Pierre

  7. American Fisheries Society Symposium 79:185203, 2012 2012 by the American Fisheries Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, David W.

    of Oceanography Post Office Box 1006, 1 Challenger Drive, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2, Canada Neal r. Pettigrew of Oceanography Post Office Box 1006, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2, Canada DaviD w. towNSeND School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine Orono, Maine 04469, USA guoqi haN Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Center Post

  8. The 2011 outburst of recurrent nova T PYX: Radio observations reveal the ejecta mass and hint at complex mass loss

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Thomas [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Chomiuk, Laura [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Roy, Nirupam; Krauss, Miriam I.; Mioduszewski, Amy J.; Rupen, Michael P. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box O, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Sokoloski, J. L.; Weston, Jennifer [Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY (United States); Mukai, Koji, E-mail: tnelson@physics.umn.edu [Center for Space Science and Technology, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States)

    2014-04-10

    Despite being the prototype of its class, T Pyx is arguably the most unusual and poorly understood recurrent nova. Here, we use radio observations from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array to trace the evolution of the ejecta over the course of the 2011 outburst of T Pyx. The radio emission is broadly consistent with thermal emission from the nova ejecta. However, the radio flux began rising surprisingly late in the outburst, indicating that the bulk of the radio-emitting material was either very cold, or expanding very slowly, for the first ?50 days of the outburst. Considering a plausible range of volume filling factors and geometries for the ejecta, we find that the high peak flux densities of the radio emission require a massive ejection of (1-30) × 10{sup –5} M {sub ?}. This ejecta mass is much higher than the values normally associated with recurrent novae, and is more consistent with a nova on a white dwarf well below the Chandrasekhar limit.

  9. Perovskite Power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Perovskite Power 1663 Los Alamos science and technology magazine Latest Issue:October 2015 past issues All Issues submit Perovskite Power A breakthrough in the production of...

  10. Getting the most from NOvA and T2K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mena, Olga; /Fermilab

    2006-09-01

    The determination of the ordering of the neutrino masses (the hierarchy) is probably a crucial prerequisite to understand the origin of lepton masses and mixings and to establish their relationship to the analogous properties in the quark sector. In this talk, we follow an alternative strategy to the usual neutrino-antineutrino comparison: we exploit the combination of the neutrino-only data from the NOvA and the T2K experiments by performing these two off-axis experiments at different distances but at the same /L, being the mean neutrino energy and L the baseline. This would require a minor adjustment to the proposed off-axis angle for one or both of the proposed experiments.

  11. NOvA and T2K: The Race for the neutrino mass hierarchy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mena, Olga; /Fermilab; Nunokawa, Hiroshi; /Rio de Janeiro, Pont. U. Catol.; Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

    2006-09-01

    The determination of the ordering of the neutrino masses (the hierarchy) is probably a crucial prerequisite to understand the origin of lepton masses and mixings and to establish their relationship to the analogous properties in the quark sector. Here, we follow an alternative strategy to the usual neutrino-antineutrino comparison in long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments: we exploit the combination of the neutrino-only data from the NOvA and the T2K experiments by performing these two off-axis experiments at different distances but at the same /L, where is the mean neutrino energy and L is the baseline. This would require a minor adjustment to the proposed off-axis angle for one or both of the proposed experiments.

  12. Non-LTE model atmosphere analysis of the early ultraviolet spectra of nova OS Andromedae 1986

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greg Schwarz; Peter H. Hauschildt; Sumner Starrfield; Eddie Baron; France Allard; Steve Shore; George Sonneborn

    1996-08-29

    We have analyzed the early optically thick ultraviolet spectra of Nova OS And 1986 using a grid of spherically symmetric, non-LTE, line-blanketed, expanding model atmospheres and synthetic spectra with the following set of parameters: $5,000\\le$ T$_{model}$ $\\le 60,000$K, solar abundances, $\\rho \\propto r^{-3}$, $\\v_{max} = 2000\\kms$, $L=6 \\times 10^{4}\\Lsun$, and a statistical or microturbulent velocity of 50 $\\kms$. We used the synthetic spectra to estimate the model parameters corresponding to the observed {\\it IUE} spectra. The fits to the observations were then iteratively improved by changing the parameters of the model atmospheres, in particular T$_{model}$ and the abundances, to arrive at the best fits to the optically thick pseudo-continuum and the features found in the {\\it IUE} spectra. The {\\it IUE} spectra show two different optically thick subphases. The earliest spectra, taken a few days after maximum optical light, show a pseudo-continuum created by overlapping absorption lines. The later observations, taken approximately 3 weeks after maximum light, show the simultaneous presence of allowed, semi-forbidden, and forbidden lines in the observed spectra. Analysis of these phases indicate that OS And 86 had solar metallicities except for Mg which showed evidence of being underabundant by as much as a factor of 10. We determine a distance of 5.1 kpc to OS And 86 and derive a peak bolometric luminosity of $\\sim$ 5 $\\times$ 10$^4$ L$_{\\odot}$. The computed nova parameters provide insights into the physics of the early outburst and explain the spectra seen by {\\it IUE}. Lastly, we find evidence in the later observations for large non-LTE effects of Fe{\\sc ii} which, when included, lead to much better agreement with the observations.

  13. Discovery of $^{34g,m}$Cl$(p,?)^{35}$Ar resonances activated at classical nova temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Fry; C. Wrede; S. Bishop; B. A. Brown; A. A. Chen; T. Faestermann; R. Hertenberger; A. Parikh; D. Pérez-Loureiro; H. -F. Wirth; A. García; R. Ortez

    2015-10-14

    Background: The thermonuclear $^{34g,m}$Cl($p,\\gamma$)$^{35}$Ar reaction rates are unknown due to a lack of experimental nuclear physics data. Uncertainties in these rates translate to uncertainties in $^{34}$S production in models of classical novae on oxygen-neon white dwarfs. $^{34}$S abundances have the potential to aid in the classification of presolar grains. Purpose: Determine resonance energies for the $^{34g,m}$Cl($p,\\gamma$)$^{35}$Ar reactions within the region of astrophyical interest for classical novae to a precision of a few keV as an essential first step toward constraining their thermonuclear reaction rates. Method: $^{35}$Ar excited states were populated by the $^{36}$Ar($d,t$)$^{35}$Ar reaction at $E$(d)=22~MeV and reaction products were momentum analyzed by a high resolution quadrupole-dipole-dipole-dipole (Q3D) magnetic spectrograph. Results: Seventeen new $^{35}$Ar levels have been detected at a statistically significant level in the region $E_x\\approx$~5.9-6.7~MeV ($E_r$ \\textless~800~ keV) and their excitation energies have been determined to typical uncertainties of 3~keV. The uncertainties for five previously known levels have also been reduced substantially. The measured level density was compared to those calculated using the WBMB Hamiltonian within the $sd-pf$ model space. Conclusions: Most of the resonances in the region of astrophyical interest have likely been discovered and their energies have been determined, but the resonance strengths are still unknown, and experimentally constraining the $^{34g,m}$Cl($p,\\gamma$)$^{35}$Ar reaction rates will require further experiments.

  14. FROM X-RAY DIPS TO ECLIPSE: WITNESSING DISK REFORMATION IN THE RECURRENT NOVA U Sco

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ness, J.-U.; Talavera, A.; Gonzalez-Riestra, R. [XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, ESA, P.O. Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Schaefer, B. E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States); Dobrotka, A. [Department of Physics, Institute of Materials Science, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, Slovak University of Technology, Jana Bottu 25, 91724 Trnava (Slovakia); Sadowski, A. [N. Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warszawa (Poland); Drake, J. J.; Barnard, R. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Page, K. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Hernanz, M. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciencies, C5 parell 2on, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain); Sala, G. [Departament Fisica i Enginyeria Nuclear, EUETIB (UPC-IEEC), Comte d'Urgell 187, 08036 Barcelona (Spain); Starrfield, S., E-mail: juness@sciops.esa.int [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 (United States)

    2012-01-20

    The tenth recorded outburst of the recurrent eclipsing nova U Sco was observed simultaneously in X-ray, UV, and optical by XMM-Newton on days 22.9 and 34.9 after the outburst. Two full passages of the companion in front of the nova ejecta were observed, as was the reformation of the accretion disk. On day 22.9, we observed smooth eclipses in UV and optical but deep dips in the X-ray light curve that disappeared by day 34.9, yielding clean eclipses in all bands. X-ray dips can be caused by clumpy absorbing material that intersects the line of sight while moving along highly elliptical trajectories. Cold material from the companion could explain the absence of dips in UV and optical light. The disappearance of X-ray dips before day 34.9 implies significant progress in the formation of the disk. The X-ray spectra contain photospheric continuum emission plus strong emission lines, but no clear absorption lines. Both continuum and emission lines in the X-ray spectra indicate a temperature increase from day 22.9 to day 34.9. We find clear evidence in the spectra and light curves for Thompson scattering of the photospheric emission from the white dwarf. Photospheric absorption lines can be smeared out during scattering in a plasma of fast electrons. We also find spectral signatures of resonant line scattering that lead to the observation of the strong emission lines. Their dominance could be a general phenomenon in high-inclination systems such as Cal 87.

  15. Scotia Wind Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA)OptionsEquivalentBScira Offshore Energy Jump

  16. Hemavathy Power Light Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen River PowerHeckert BXT SolarHelioNova SSkins

  17. Full aperture backscatter station imager diagnostics system for far-field imaging of laser plasma instabilities on Nova

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilke, M.D.; Fernandez, J.C.; Berggren, R.R.; Horton, R.F.; Montgomery, D.S.; Faulkner, J.A.; Looney, L.D.; Jimerson, J.R.

    1997-01-01

    In ICF, the understanding of laser plasma scattering processes is essential for laser target coupling and for controlling the symmetry of indirect drive implosions. The existing Nova full aperture backscatter station has been useful in understanding laser plasma instabilities occurring in hohlraums by measuring the quantity, spectral distribution, and near-field spatial distributions of Brillouin and more recently Raman backscatter. Equally important is an understanding of the far-field spatial intensity distribution which could help in understanding filamentation, threshold and saturation processes. This article describes a broadband, color-corrected far-field imager and associated diagnostics capable of imaging the source of scattered light to better than 25 {mu}m resolution. Brillouin and Raman backscatter can be imaged through the Nova beam-7 focusing lens or the imager can be used like a microscope to image side scatter from other beams. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  18. Direct measurements of 22Na(p,g)23Mg resonances and consequences for 22Na production in classical novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. L. Sallaska; C. Wrede; A. Garcia; D. W. Storm; T. A. D. Brown; C. Ruiz; K. A. Snover; D. F. Ottewell; L. Buchmann; C. Vockenhuber; D. A. Hutcheon; J. A. Caggiano

    2010-09-24

    The radionuclide 22Na is a potential astronomical observable that is expected to be produced in classical novae in quantities that depend on the thermonuclear rate of the 22Na(p,g)23Mg reaction. We have measured the strengths of low-energy 22Na(p,g)23Mg resonances directly and absolutely using a radioactive 22Na target. We find the strengths of resonances at E_p = 213, 288, 454, and 610 keV to be higher than previous measurements by factors of 2.4 to 3.2, and we exclude important contributions to the rate from proposed resonances at E_p = 198, 209, and 232 keV. The 22Na abundances expected in the ejecta of classical novae are reduced by a factor of ~ 2.

  19. On the 21Na(p,gamma)22Mg thermonuclear rate for 22Na production in novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadya A. Smirnova; Alain Coc

    2000-08-16

    Classical novae are potential sources of gamma-rays, like the 1.275 MeV gamma emission following 22Na beta decay, that could be detected by appropriate instruments on board of future satellites like INTEGRAL. It has been shown that the production of 22Na by novae is affected by the uncertainty on the 21Na(p,gamma)22Mg rate and in particular by the unknown partial widths of the Ex = 5.714 MeV, J^pi = 2^+, 22Mg level. To reduce these uncertainties, we performed shell model calculations with the OXBASH code, compared the results with available spectroscopic data and calculated the missing partial widths. Finally, we discuss the influence of these results on the 21Na(p,gamma)22Mg reaction rate and 22Na synthesis.

  20. Power supply

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yakymyshyn, Christopher Paul (Seminole, FL); Hamilton, Pamela Jane (Seminole, FL); Brubaker, Michael Allen (Loveland, CO)

    2007-12-04

    A modular, low weight impedance dropping power supply with battery backup is disclosed that can be connected to a high voltage AC source and provide electrical power at a lower voltage. The design can be scaled over a wide range of input voltages and over a wide range of output voltages and delivered power.

  1. XMM-Newton observations of the dwarf nova RU Peg in quiescence: Probe of the boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balman, S; Sion, E M; Ness, J -U; Schlegel, E; Barrett, P E; Szkody, P

    2011-01-01

    We present an analysis of X-ray and UV data obtained with the XMM-Newton Observatory of the long period dwarf nova RU Peg. RU Peg contains a massive white dwarf, possibly the hottest white dwarf in a dwarf nova, it has a low inclination, thus optimally exposing its X-ray emitting boundary layer, and has an excellent trigonometric parallax distance. We modeled the X-ray data using XSPEC assuming a multi-temperature plasma emission model built from the MEKAL code. We obtained a maximum temperature of 31.7 keV, based on the EPIC MOS1, 2 and pn data, indicating that RU Peg has an X-ray spectrum harder than most dwarf novae, except U Gem. This result is consistent with and indirectly confirms the large mass of the white dwarf in RU Peg. The X-ray luminosity we computed corresponds to a boundary layer luminosity for a mass accretion rate of 2.E-11 Msun/yr (assuming Mwd=1.3Msun), in agreement with an expected quiescent accretion rate. The modeling of the O VIII emission line at 19A as observed by the RGS implies a p...

  2. Dwarf Nova-like Outburst of Short Period Intermediate Polar HT Camelopardalis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryoko Ishioka; Taichi Kato; Makoto Uemura; Gary W. Billings; Koichi Morikawa; Ken'ichi Torii; Kenji Tanabe; Arto Oksanen; Harri Hyvonen; Hitoshi Itoh

    2002-06-12

    We report the first time-series observations of the short outburst of the proposed intermediate polar HT Cam (=RX J0757.0+6306). On 2001 December 29, we detected the object was undergoing a bright outburst at the magnitude of $m_{vis}=12.2$. Following this detection, we started international joint observations through VSNET. The light curve showed a gradual decline for the first 0.5 d. Following this short plateau phase, the rate of decline dramatically increased to more than 4 mag d$^{-1}$. Within 1.5 d from the outburst detection, the object almost declined to the quiescent level. During the rapidly declining phase, long-term modulations with a period of 86 min and strong pulses with a period of 8.6 min were observed. We concluded that 86 min and 8.6 min are the orbital period and the spin period of HT Cam, respectively. By the detection of the spin period, we confirmed the IP classification of HT Cam. However, its outburst behavior rather resembles that of dwarf novae. The discrepancy between the declining rates of the total flux and the pulse flux strongly suggests that the disk instabilities were taking place during the outburst.

  3. THE SUPERSOFT X-RAY PHASE OF NOVA RS OPHIUCHI 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Beardmore, A. P.; Goad, M. R.; Bode, M. F.; O'Brien, T. J.; Starrfield, S.; Rauch, T.; Ness, J.-U.; Krautter, J.; Schwarz, G.; Burrows, D. N.; Gehrels, N.; Drake, J. J.; Evans, A.; Eyres, S. P. S.

    2011-02-01

    Swift X-ray observations of the {approx}60 day supersoft phase of the recurrent nova RS Ophiuchi (RS Oph) 2006 show the progress of nuclear burning on the white dwarf (WD) in exquisite detail. First seen 26 days after the optical outburst, this phase started with extreme variability likely due to variable absorption, although intrinsic WD variations are not excluded. About 32 days later, a steady decline in count rate set in. NLTE model atmosphere spectral fits during the supersoft phase show that the effective temperature of the WD increases from {approx}65 eV to {approx}90 eV during the extreme variability phase, falling slowly after about day 60 and more rapidly after day 80. The bolometric luminosity is seen to be approximately constant and close to Eddington from day 45 up to day 60, the subsequent decline possibly signaling the end of extensive nuclear burning. Before the decline, a multiply-periodic {approx}35 s modulation of the soft X-rays was present and may be the signature of a nuclear fusion driven instability. Our measurements are consistent with a WD mass near the Chandrasekhar limit; combined with a deduced accumulation of mass transferred from its binary companion, this leads us to suggest that RS Oph is a strong candidate for a future supernova explosion. The main uncertainty now is whether the WD is the CO type necessary for a Type Ia supernova. This may be confirmed by detailed abundance analyses of spectroscopic data from the outbursts.

  4. Spectroscopic Study of the Envelope of the Hybrid Nova V458 Vul and Surrounding Nebula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarasova, T N

    2015-01-01

    Spectroscopic observations of the hybrid V458 Vul obtained between days 9 and 778 after the brightness maximum are analyzed. Short-period, daily profile variations of forbidden [FeVII] iron lines were detected in the nebular phase, as well as a long-period (about 60-day) cyclic variation that was correlated with the photometric and X-ray cycles. The abundances of helium, neon, and iron in the nova's envelope have been estimated. The helium, neon, and iron abundances exceed the solar values by factors of 4.4, 4.8, and 3.7. The envelope mass is 1.4$\\times$ 10$^{-5}$M$_{\\odot}$. The electron temperatures and number densities have been calculated for the Northwestern and Southeastern knots of the planetary nebula. The temperature derived for the Northwestern knot is Te = 10 000 K and the electron number density, n$_{e}$ = 600 cm $^{-3}$ for the Southeastern knot, Te = 13 000 K and n$_{e}$ = 750 cm$^{-3}$.

  5. X-ray Development of the Classical Nova V2672 Ophiuchi with Suzaku

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takei, D; Drake, J J; Kitamoto, S

    2013-01-01

    We report the Suzaku detection of a rapid flare-like X-ray flux amplification early in the development of the classical nova V2672 Ophiuchi. Two target-of-opportunity ~25 ks X-ray observations were made 12 and 22 days after the outburst. The flux amplification was found in the latter half of day 12. Time-sliced spectra are characterized by a growing supersoft excess with edge-like structures and a relatively stable optically-thin thermal component with Ka emission lines from highly ionized Si. The observed spectral evolution is consistent with a model that has a time development of circumstellar absorption, for which we obtain the decline rate of ~10-40 % in a time scale of 0.2 d on day 12. Such a rapid drop of absorption and short-term flux variability on day 12 suggest inhomogeneous ejecta with dense blobs/holes in the line of sight. Then on day 22 the fluxes of both supersoft and thin-thermal plasma components become significantly fainter. Based on the serendipitous results we discuss the nature of this so...

  6. Current and Future High Power Operation of Fermilab Main Injector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kourbanis, I.; Adamson, P.; Brown, B.; Capista, D.; Chou, W.; Morris, D.; Seyia, K.; Wu, G.; Yang, M.J.; /Fermilab

    2009-04-01

    Fermilab's Main Injector on acceleration cycles to 120 GeV has been running a mixed mode operation delivering beam to both the antiproton source for pbar production and to the NuMI[1] target for neutrino production since 2005. On January 2008 the slip stacking process used to increase the beam to the pbar target was expanded to include the beam to the NuMI target increasing the MI beam power at 120 GeV to 400KW. The current high power MI operation will be described along with the plans to increase the power to 700KW for NOvA and to 2.1 MW for project X.

  7. Power LCAT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drennen, Thomas

    2012-08-15

    POWER LCAT is a software tool used to compare elements of efficiency, cost, and environmental effects between different sources of energy.

  8. QM Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    QM Power’s Q-Sync™ is an innovative, highly efficient and cost effective motor technology. Utilizing DoE SBIR funding, QM Power has developed advanced Q-Sync fan motor technology for 9-12 watt commercial refrigeration fan applications and is launching its first product lines targeting both new and existing commercial refrigeration equipment. For this project, QM Power will team with Oak Ridge National Labs, market leading OEMs, subject matter experts, end users, retrofit contractors and utilities to install and demonstrate approximately 10,000 high efficiency Q-Sync fan motors in over 50 grocery sites throughout the US.

  9. Power LCAT

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Drennen, Thomas

    2014-06-27

    POWER LCAT is a software tool used to compare elements of efficiency, cost, and environmental effects between different sources of energy.

  10. THE 2011 ERUPTION OF THE RECURRENT NOVA T PYXIDIS: THE DISCOVERY, THE PRE-ERUPTION RISE, THE PRE-ERUPTION ORBITAL PERIOD, AND THE REASON FOR THE LONG DELAY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaefer, Bradley E.; Landolt, Arlo U. [Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States); Linnolt, Michael [American Association of Variable Star Observers, 49 Bay State Road, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Stubbings, Rod [Tetoora Observatory, Tetoora Road, Victoria (Australia); Pojmanski, Grzegorz [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa (Poland); Plummer, Alan [Variable Stars South, Linden Observatory, 105 Glossop Road, Linden, NSW (Australia); Kerr, Stephen [American Association of Variable Star Observers, Variable Stars South, Astronomical Association of Queensland, 22 Green Avenue, Glenlee, Queensland (Australia); Nelson, Peter [Ellinbank Observatory, 1105 Hazeldean Road, Ellinbank 3821, Victoria (Australia); Carstens, Rolf [American Association of Variable Star Observers, Variable Stars South, CBA, Geyserland Observatory, 120 Homedale Street, Rotorua 3015 (New Zealand); Streamer, Margaret [Lexy's Palace Observatory, 3 Lupin Place, Murrumbateman, NSW (Australia); Richards, Tom [Variable Stars South, Pretty Hill Observatory, P.O. Box 323, Kangaroo Ground 3097, Victoria (Australia); Myers, Gordon [Center for Backyard Astrophysics, Columbia University, 538 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Dillon, William G. [American Association of Variable Star Observers, 4703 Birkenhead Circle, Missouri City, TX 77459 (United States)

    2013-08-10

    We report the discovery by M. Linnolt on JD 2,455,665.7931 (UT 2011 April 14.29) of the sixth eruption of the recurrent nova T Pyxidis. This discovery was made just as the initial fast rise was starting, so with fast notification and response by observers worldwide, the entire initial rise was covered (the first for any nova), and with high time resolution in three filters. The speed of the rise peaked at 9 mag day{sup -1}, while the light curve is well fit over only the first two days by a model with a uniformly expanding sphere. We also report the discovery by R. Stubbings of a pre-eruption rise starting 18 days before the eruption, peaking 1.1 mag brighter than its long-time average, and then fading back toward quiescence 4 days before the eruption. This unique and mysterious behavior is only the fourth known (with V1500 Cyg, V533 Her, and T CrB) anticipatory rise closely spaced before a nova eruption. We present 19 timings of photometric minima from 1986 to 2011 February, where the orbital period is fast increasing with P/ P-dot =+313,000 yr. From 2008 to 2011, T Pyx had a small change in this rate of increase, so that the orbital period at the time of eruption was 0.07622950 {+-} 0.00000008 days. This strong and steady increase of the orbital period can only come from mass transfer, for which we calculate a rate of (1.7-3.5) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -7} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}. We report 6116 magnitudes between 1890 and 2011, for an average B = 15.59 {+-} 0.01 from 1967 to 2011, which allows for an eruption in 2011 if the blue flux is nearly proportional to the accretion rate. The ultraviolet-optical-infrared spectral energy distribution is well fit by a power law with f{sub {nu}}{proportional_to}{nu}{sup 1.0}, although the narrow ultraviolet region has a tilt with a fit of f{sub {nu}}{proportional_to}{nu}{sup 1/3}. We prove that most of the T Pyx light is not coming from a disk, or any superposition of blackbodies, but rather is coming from some nonthermal source. We confirm the extinction measure from IUE with E(B - V) = 0.25 {+-} 0.02 mag.

  11. Differences in the fast optical variability of the dwarf nova V1504 Cyg between quiescence and outbursts detected in Kepler data and simulations of the rms-flux relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobrotka, A

    2015-01-01

    An optical light curve of SU UMa type dwarf nova V1504 Cyg taken by Kepler was analysed in order to study fast optical variability (flickering). We calculated power density spectra and rms-flux relations for two different stages of activity, i.e. quiescence and regular outbursts. A multicomponent power density spectrum with two break frequencies was found during both activity stages. The rms-flux relation is obvious only in the quiescent data. However, while the collection of all outburst data do not show this variability, every individual outburst does show it in the majority of cases keeping the rms value approximately in the same interval. Furthermore, the same analysis was performed for light curve subsamples taken from the beginning, middle and the end of the supercycle both for quiescence and regular outbursts. Every light curve subsample shows the same multicomponent power density spectrum. The stability of the break frequencies over the supercycle can be confirmed for all frequencies except for the hi...

  12. Power system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hickam, Christopher Dale (Glasford, IL)

    2008-03-18

    A power system includes a prime mover, a transmission, and a fluid coupler having a selectively engageable lockup clutch. The fluid coupler may be drivingly connected between the prime mover and the transmission. Additionally, the power system may include a motor/generator drivingly connected to at least one of the prime mover and the transmission. The power-system may also include power-system controls configured to execute a control method. The control method may include selecting one of a plurality of modes of operation of the power system. Additionally, the control method may include controlling the operating state of the lockup clutch dependent upon the mode of operation selected. The control method may also include controlling the operating state of the motor/generator dependent upon the mode of operation selected.

  13. The Relationship Between X-ray Luminosity and Duty Cycle for Dwarf Novae and their Specific Frequency in the Inner Galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Britt, C T; Pretorius, M L; Hynes, R I; Jonker, P G; Torres, M A P; Knigge, C; Heinke, C O; Johnson, C B; Steeghs, D; Greiss, S; Nelemans, G

    2015-01-01

    We measure the duty cycles for an existing sample of well observed, nearby dwarf novae using data from AAVSO, and present a quantitative empirical relation between the duty cycle of dwarf novae outbursts and the X-ray luminosity of the system in quiescence. We have found that $\\log DC=0.63(\\pm0.21)\\times(\\log L_{X}({\\rm erg\\,s^{-1}})-31.3)-0.95(\\pm0.1)$, where DC stands for duty cycle. We note that there is intrinsic scatter in this relation greater than what is expected from purely statistical errors. Using the dwarf nova X-ray luminosity functions from \\citet{Pretorius12} and \\citet{Byckling10}, we compare this relation to the number of dwarf novae in the Galactic Bulge Survey which were identified through optical outbursts during an 8-day long monitoring campaign. We find a specific frequency of X-ray bright ($L_{X}>10^{31}\\,{\\rm erg\\,s^{-1}}$) Cataclysmic Variables undergoing Dwarf Novae outbursts in the direction of the Galactic Bulge of $6.6\\pm4.7\\times10^{-5}\\,M_{\\odot}^{-1}$. Such a specific frequency...

  14. The 2011 outburst of recurrent nova T Pyx: X-ray observations expose the white dwarf mass and ejection dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chomiuk, Laura [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Nelson, Thomas [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 115 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Mukai, Koji [CRESST and X-ray Astrophysics Laboratory, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Sokoloski, J. L.; Weston, Jennifer [Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY (United States); Rupen, Michael P.; Mioduszewski, Amy J.; Krauss, Miriam I. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box O, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Page, Kim L.; Osborne, Julian P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Kuulkers, Erik [European Space Astronomy Centre (ESA/ESAC), Science Operations Department, E-28691 Villanueva de la Caada, Madrid (Spain); Roy, Nirupam, E-mail: chomiuk@pa.msu.edu [Max Planck Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)

    2014-06-20

    The recurrent nova T Pyx underwent its sixth historical outburst in 2011, and became the subject of an intensive multi-wavelength observational campaign. We analyze data from the Swift and Suzaku satellites to produce a detailed X-ray light curve augmented by epochs of spectral information. X-ray observations yield mostly non-detections in the first four months of outburst, but both a super-soft and hard X-ray component rise rapidly after Day 115. The super-soft X-ray component, attributable to the photosphere of the nuclear-burning white dwarf, is relatively cool (?45 eV) and implies that the white dwarf in T Pyx is significantly below the Chandrasekhar mass (?1 M {sub ?}). The late turn-on time of the super-soft component yields a large nova ejecta mass (? 10{sup –5} M {sub ?}), consistent with estimates at other wavelengths. The hard X-ray component is well fit by a ?1 keV thermal plasma, and is attributed to shocks internal to the 2011 nova ejecta. The presence of a strong oxygen line in this thermal plasma on Day 194 requires a significantly super-solar abundance of oxygen and implies that the ejecta are polluted by white dwarf material. The X-ray light curve can be explained by a dual-phase ejection, with a significant delay between the first and second ejection phases, and the second ejection finally released two months after outburst. A delayed ejection is consistent with optical and radio observations of T Pyx, but the physical mechanism producing such a delay remains a mystery.

  15. Direct measurement of the 15N(p,gamma)16O total cross section at novae energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D Bemmerer; A Caciolli; R Bonetti; C Broggini; F Confortola; P Corvisiero; H Costantini; Z Elekes; A Formicola; Zs Fulop; G Gervino; A Guglielmetti; C Gustavino; Gy Gyurky; M Junker; B Limata; M Marta; R Menegazzo; P Prati; V Roca; C Rolfs; C Rossi Alvarez; E Somorjai; O Straniero

    2009-02-04

    The 15N(p,gamma)16O reaction controls the passage of nucleosynthetic material from the first to the second carbon-nitrogen-oxygen (CNO) cycle. A direct measurement of the total 15N(p,gamma)16O cross section at energies corresponding to hydrogen burning in novae is presented here. Data have been taken at 90-230 keV center-of-mass energy using a windowless gas target filled with nitrogen of natural isotopic composition and a bismuth germanate summing detector. The cross section is found to be a factor two lower than previously believed.

  16. Nuclear Power 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    be inherently safe and environmentally benign. These realities of today's world are among the reasons that lead to serious interest in deploying nuclear power as a sustainable energy source. Today's nuclear reactors are safe and highly efficient energy systems...

  17. Power combiner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arnold, Mobius; Ives, Robert Lawrence

    2006-09-05

    A power combiner for the combining of symmetric and asymmetric traveling wave energy comprises a feed waveguide having an input port and a launching port, a reflector for reflecting launched wave energy, and a final waveguide for the collection and transport of launched wave energy. The power combiner has a launching port for symmetrical waves which comprises a cylindrical section coaxial to the feed waveguide, and a launching port for asymmetric waves which comprises a sawtooth rotated about a central axis.

  18. Observational Accuracy of Variable Stars, Novae and Supernovae from Naked Eye to General Relativistic Standard: a Balance over Thousand SGQ Observations Sent to AAVSO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sigismondi, Costantino

    2015-01-01

    The theory of General Relativity deals with very accurate measurements that show significant divergences from Newtonian predictions only with speeds near to the velocity of light. An introduction for educational purposes, based on naked eye photometry, deals with the radiation near collapsing star's shells like novae and supernovae. The theme of accuracy is drafted from entry level observations to the precision of professional data, often of public domain on the web. Thousand observations of variable stars, included the type 1a SN2014J, the Nova Del 2013 and the Nova Cen 2013, sent to the AAVSO by the author, with SGQ code, during the period 1998-2015 are analyzed to increase the photometric accuracy, in the occasion of the International Year of Light 2015.

  19. New 34Cl proton-threshold states and the thermonuclear 33S(p,gamma)34Cl rate in ONe novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Parikh; T. Faestermann; R. Hertenberger; R. Kruecken; D. Schafstadler; H. -F. Wirth; T. Behrens; V. Bildstein; S. Bishop; K. Eppinger; C. Herlitzius; C. Hinke; M. Schlarb; D. Seiler; K. Wimmer

    2009-06-19

    Analysis of presolar grains in primitive meteorites has shown isotopic ratios largely characteristic of the conditions thought to prevail in various astrophysical environments. A possible indicator for a grain of ONe nova origin is a large 33S abundance: nucleosynthesis calculations predict as much as 150 times the solar abundance of 33S in the ejecta of nova explosions on massive ONe white dwarfs. This overproduction factor may, however, vary by factors of at least 0.01 - 3 because of uncertainties of several orders of magnitude in the 33S(p,gamma)34Cl reaction rate at nova peak temperatures (Tpeak ~ 0.1 - 0.4 GK). These uncertainties arise due to the lack of nuclear physics information for states within ~ 600 keV of the 33S+p threshold in 34Cl (Sp(34Cl) = 5143 keV). To better constrain this rate we have measured, for the first time, the 34S(3He,t)34Cl reaction over the region Ex(34Cl) = 4.9 - 6 MeV. We confirm previous states and find 15 new states in this energy region. New 33S(p,gamma)34Cl resonances at ER = 281(2), 301(2) and 342(2) keV may dominate this rate at relevant nova temperatures. Our results could affect predictions of sulphur isotopic ratios in nova ejecta (e.g., 32S/33S) that may be used as diagnostic tools for the nova paternity of grains.

  20. Low Power Design Low PowerLow Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Low Power Design USC/LPCAD Page 1 USCUSC Low PowerLow Power CADCAD MassoudMassoud PedramPedram High-Level Design Challenges and Solutions for Low Power Systems Massoud Pedram University of Southern California Department of EE-Systems Los Angeles CA 90089-256 Email: massoud@zugros.usc.edu USCUSC Low PowerLow Power

  1. Full aperture backscatter station imager (FABSI) diagnostics system for far-field imaging of laser plasma instabilities on Nova

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilke, M.D.; Fernandez, J.C.; Berggren, R.R.; Montgomery, D.; Faulkner, J.; Looney, L.; Jimerson, J.; Horton, R.F.

    1996-06-01

    In ICF, the understanding of laser plasma scattering processes is essential for laser target coupling and in controlling the symmetry of indirect drive implosions. The existing Nova Full Aperture Backscatter Station (FABS) has been useful in understanding laser plasma instabilities occurring in hohlraums by measuring the quantity, spectral distribution and near-field spatial distributions of Brillouin and more recently Raman backscatter. Equally important is an understanding of the farfield spatial intensity distribution which provides information on density, temperature and velocity gradient distributions, and which affect capsule implosion symmetry in hohlraums. Such information could potentially help in understanding processes such as filamentation and saturation mechanism. This paper describes a broad-band, color-corrected far-field imager and associated diagnostics capable of imaging the source of scattered light to better than 25 {micro}m resolution. The imager can either image Brillouin or Raman backscatter through the Nova beam 7 focusing lens or be used like a microscope to image side scatter from other beams.

  2. Insights into the evolution of symbiotic recurrent novae from radio synchrotron emission: V745 Scorpii and RS Ophiuchi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kantharia, N G; Roy, Nirupam; Anupama, G C; Ishwara-Chandra, C H; Chitale, A; Prabhu, T P; Banerjee, D P K; Ashok, N M

    2015-01-01

    We present observations at 610 MHz and 235 MHz using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) of the recurrent nova V745 Scorpii which recorded its last outburst on 6 February 2014. This is the second symbiotic recurrent nova whose light curve at GMRT frequencies has been followed in detail, the first being RS Ophiuchi in 2006. We fitted the 610 MHz light curve by a model of synchrotron emission from an expanding shell being modified by radiative transfer effects due to local absorbing gas consisting of a uniformly distributed and a clumpy component. Using our model parameters, we find that the emission at 235 MHz peaked around day 35 which is consistent with our GMRT observations. The two main results of our study are: (1) The radio emission at a given frequency is visible sooner after the outburst in successive outbursts of both V745 Scorpii and RS Ophiuchi. The earlier detection of radio emission is interpreted to be caused by decreasing foreground densities. (2) The clumpy material is located close to t...

  3. The October 1985 Long Outburst of U Geminorum: Revealing the Viscous Time Scale in Long Orbital Period Dwarf Novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John K. Cannizzo; Neil Gehrels; Janet A. Mattei

    2002-07-11

    We examine the AAVSO light curve of U Geminorum from 1908 to 2002, with particular focus on the October 1985 outburst. This outburst was longer than any other seen in U Gem by about a factor of 2, and appears to be unique among all dwarf nova outbursts seen in systems with orbital periods longer than 3 hr in that one can measure the decay time scale during the initial slow decay. This rate is ~26+-6 d/mag. Using estimates of the rate of accretion during outburst taken from Froning et al., one can show that ~1e24 g of gas was accreted onto the white dwarf during the outburst. When coupled with the viscous time inferred from the (short orbital period) SU UMa stars, the U Gem viscous time scale lends support to the standard model in which the decays in dwarf novae can either be viscous or thermal, with the ratio between them being roughly h/r where h is the vertical pressure scale height in the disk.

  4. A remarkable recurrent nova in M31: Discovery and optical/UV observations of the predicted 2014 eruption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darnley, M J; Steele, I A; Bode, M F; Ribeiro, V A R M; Rodríguez-Gil, P; Shafter, A W; Williams, S C; Baer, D; Hachisu, I; Hernanz, M; Hornoch, K; Hounsell, R; Kato, M; Kiyota, S; Ku?áková, H; Maehara, H; Ness, J -U; Piascik, A S; Sala, G; Skillen, I; Smith, R J; Wolf, M

    2015-01-01

    The Andromeda Galaxy recurrent nova M31N 2008-12a had been caught in eruption eight times. The inter-eruption period of M31N 2008-12a is ~1 year, making it the most rapidly recurring system known, and a strong single-degenerate Type Ia Supernova progenitor candidate. Following the 2013 eruption, a campaign was initiated to detect the predicted 2014 eruption and to then perform high cadence optical photometric and spectroscopic monitoring using ground-based telescopes, along with rapid UV and X-ray follow-up with the Swift satellite. Here we report the results of a high cadence multicolour optical monitoring campaign, the spectroscopic evolution, and the UV photometry. We also discuss tantalising evidence of a potentially related, vastly-extended, nebulosity. The 2014 eruption was discovered, before optical maximum, on October 2, 2014. We find that the optical properties of M31N 2008-12a evolve faster than all Galactic recurrent novae known, and all its eruptions show remarkable similarity both photometrically...

  5. Suzaku X-Ray Observation of the Dwarf Nova Z Camelopardalis at the Onset of an Optical Outburst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saitou, Kei; Ebisawa, Ken; Ishida, Manabu

    2012-01-01

    We present the result of a Suzaku X-ray spectroscopic observation of the dwarf nova Z Camelopardalis, which was conducted by chance at the onset of an optical outburst. We used the X-ray Imaging Spectrometer (a 38 ks exposure) and the Hard X-ray Detector (34 ks) to obtain a 0.35-40 keV spectrum simultaneously. Spectral characteristics suggest that the source was in the X-ray quiescent state despite being in the rising phase of an outburst in the optical band. The spectrum shows a clear signature of circumstellar absorption in excess of interstellar absorption and the reprocessed emission features of Fe fluorescence and Compton scattering. The extra absorption is explained due to partial coverage by either neutral or ionized matter. We found a spectral change during the observation, which is attributable only to the change in the circumstellar absorption. Such an X-ray spectral variation is reported for the first time in dwarf novae. We speculate that the variation in the circumstellar absorption is interprete...

  6. Discovery of $^{34g,m}$Cl$(p,\\gamma)^{35}$Ar resonances activated at classical nova temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fry, C; Bishop, S; Brown, B A; Chen, A A; Faestermann, T; Hertenberger, R; Parikh, A; Pérez-Loureiro, D; Wirth, H -F; García, A; Ortez, R

    2015-01-01

    Background: The thermonuclear $^{34g,m}$Cl($p,\\gamma$)$^{35}$Ar reaction rates are unknown due to a lack of experimental nuclear physics data. Uncertainties in these rates translate to uncertainties in $^{34}$S production in models of classical novae on oxygen-neon white dwarfs. $^{34}$S abundances have the potential to aid in the classification of presolar grains. Purpose: Determine resonance energies for the $^{34g,m}$Cl($p,\\gamma$)$^{35}$Ar reactions within the region of astrophyical interest for classical novae to a precision of a few keV as an essential first step toward constraining their thermonuclear reaction rates. Method: $^{35}$Ar excited states were populated by the $^{36}$Ar($d,t$)$^{35}$Ar reaction at $E$(d)=22~MeV and reaction products were momentum analyzed by a high resolution quadrupole-dipole-dipole-dipole (Q3D) magnetic spectrograph. Results: Seventeen new $^{35}$Ar levels have been detected at a statistically significant level in the region $E_x\\approx$~5.9-6.7~MeV ($E_r$ \\textless~800~ k...

  7. A remarkable recurrent nova in M 31: The predicted 2014 outburst in X-rays with Swift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henze, M; Darnley, M J; Bode, M F; Williams, S C; Shafter, A W; Sala, G; Kato, M; Hachisu, I; Hernanz, M

    2015-01-01

    The M 31 nova M31N 2008-12a was recently found to be a recurrent nova (RN) with a recurrence time of about 1 year. This is by far the fastest recurrence time scale of any known RNe. Our optical monitoring programme detected the predicted 2014 outburst of M31N 2008-12a in early October. We immediately initiated an X-ray/UV monitoring campaign with Swift to study the multiwavelength evolution of the outburst. We monitored M31N 2008-12a with daily Swift observations for 20 days after discovery, covering the entire supersoft X-ray source (SSS) phase. We detected SSS emission around day six after outburst. The SSS state lasted for approximately two weeks until about day 19. M31N 2008-12a was a bright X-ray source with a high blackbody temperature. The X-ray properties of this outburst were very similar to the 2013 eruption. Combined X-ray spectra show a fast rise and decline of the effective blackbody temperature. The short-term X-ray light curve showed strong, aperiodic variability which decreased significantly a...

  8. Power inverters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miller, David H. (Redondo Beach, CA); Korich, Mark D. (Chino Hills, CA); Smith, Gregory S. (Woodland Hills, CA)

    2011-11-15

    Power inverters include a frame and a power module. The frame has a sidewall including an opening and defining a fluid passageway. The power module is coupled to the frame over the opening and includes a substrate, die, and an encasement. The substrate includes a first side, a second side, a center, an outer periphery, and an outer edge, and the first side of the substrate comprises a first outer layer including a metal material. The die are positioned in the substrate center and are coupled to the substrate first side. The encasement is molded over the outer periphery on the substrate first side, the substrate second side, and the substrate outer edge and around the die. The encasement, coupled to the substrate, forms a seal with the metal material. The second side of the substrate is positioned to directly contact a fluid flowing through the fluid passageway.

  9. Power Recovery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, F.

    1986-01-01

    , will be the use of the ASTM Theoretical Steam Rate Tables. In addition, the author's experience regarding the minimum size for power recovery units that are economic in a Culf Coast plant will be presented. INTROD\\Jr.'rION When surveying an operation...)' The pressure ~ecompression term(~2) k~l, is used in the equat10n in a manner 1 which reduces the power recovery as calculated by the first term of the equation. From a practical view a decompression ra~~y ~0.3 is a good screening point. Note...

  10. Solar Power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541 *ImpactScience(TechnicalFor Milwaukee, BySoft Solar Power

  11. Yakama Power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos Alamos verifies largest single| National1958,1CaseYakama Power May

  12. Fusion Power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article)Forthcoming UpgradesArea:Benefits of FES »Power

  13. Star Power

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-11-18

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has released ''Star Power,'' a new informational video that uses dramatic and beautiful images and thought-provoking interviews to highlight the importance of the Laboratory's research into magnetic fusion.

  14. Star Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-10-17

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has released ''Star Power,'' a new informational video that uses dramatic and beautiful images and thought-provoking interviews to highlight the importance of the Laboratory's research into magnetic fusion.

  15. Final Scientific/Technical Report to the U.S. Department of Energy on NOVA's Einstein's Big Idea (Project title: E-mc2, A Two-Hour Television Program on NOVA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susanne Simpson

    2007-05-07

    Executive Summary A woman in the early 1700s who became one of Europe’s leading interpreters of mathematics and a poor bookbinder who became one of the giants of nineteenth-century science are just two of the pioneers whose stories NOVA explored in Einstein’s Big Idea. This two-hour documentary premiered on PBS in October 2005 and is based on the best-selling book by David Bodanis, E=mc2: A Biography of the World’s Most Famous Equation. The film and book chronicle the scientific challenges and discoveries leading up to Einstein’s startling conclusion that mass and energy are one, related by the formula E = mc2.

  16. Not. Astron. doi:10.1111/j.13652966.2005.09664.x An Xray emissionline spectrum of Nova V382 Velorum 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ness, Jan-Uwe

    X­ray grating spectrum Classical Nova V382 (1999), obtained with Low Energy Transmission Grating), of cataclysmic variables (CVs), thought to be thermonuclear explosions induced on surface of white dwarfs of hydrogen­rich fuel causes thermonuclear runaway (TNR). tensive modelling of been carried past Starrfield

  17. Photometric study of southern SU UMa-type dwarf novae and candidates -- III: NSV 10934, MM Sco, AB Nor, CAL 86

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Kato; P. Nelson; C. Stockdale; B. Monard; T. Richards; R. Stubbings; H. Yamaoka; B. Heathcote; R. Santallo

    2003-10-01

    We photometrically observed four southern dwarf novae in outburst (NSV 10934, MM Sco, AB Nor and CAL 86). NSV 10934 was confirmed to be an SU UMa-type dwarf nova with a mean superhump period of 0.07478(1) d. This star also showed transient appearance of quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) during the final growing stage of the superhumps. Combined with the recent theoretical interpretation and with the rather unusual rapid terminal fading of normal outbursts, NSV 10934 may be a candidate intermediate polar showing SU UMa-type properties. The mean superhump periods of MM Sco and AB Nor were determined to be 0.06136(4) d and 0.08438(2) d, respectively. We suggest that AB Nor belongs to a rather rare class of long-period SU UMa-type dwarf novae with low mass-transfer rates. We also observed an outburst of the suspected SU UMa-type dwarf nova CAL 86. We identified this outburst as a normal outburst and determined the mean decline rate of 1.1 mag/d.

  18. Power superconducting power transmission cable

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ashworth, Stephen P. (Cambridge, GB)

    2003-01-01

    The present invention is for a compact superconducting power transmission cable operating at distribution level voltages. The superconducting cable is a conductor with a number of tapes assembled into a subconductor. These conductors are then mounted co-planarly in an elongated dielectric to produce a 3-phase cable. The arrangement increases the magnetic field parallel to the tapes thereby reducing ac losses.

  19. FAR-ULTRAVIOLET SPECTROSCOPY OF THE NOVA-LIKE VARIABLE KQ MONOCEROTIS: A NEW SW SEXTANTIS STAR?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfe, Aaron; Sion, Edward M.; Bond, Howard E. E-mail: edward.sion@villanova.edu

    2013-06-01

    New optical spectra obtained with the SMARTS 1.5 m telescope and archival International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) far-ultraviolet (FUV) spectra of the nova-like variable KQ Mon are discussed. The optical spectra reveal Balmer lines in absorption as well as He I absorption superposed on a blue continuum. The 2011 optical spectrum is similar to the KPNO 2.1 m IIDS spectrum we obtained 33 years earlier except that the Balmer and He I absorption is stronger in 2011. Far-ultraviolet IUE spectra reveal deep absorption lines due to C II, Si III, Si IV, C IV, and He II, but no P Cygni profiles indicative of wind outflow. We present the results of the first synthetic spectral analysis of the IUE archival spectra of KQ Mon with realistic optically thick, steady-state, viscous accretion-disk models with vertical structure and high-gravity photosphere models. We find that the photosphere of the white dwarf (WD) contributes very little FUV flux to the spectrum and is overwhelmed by the accretion light of a steady disk. Disk models corresponding to a WD mass of {approx}0.6 M {sub Sun }, with an accretion rate of order 10{sup -9} M {sub Sun} yr{sup -1} and disk inclinations between 60 Degree-Sign and 75 Degree-Sign , yield distances from the normalization in the range of 144-165 pc. KQ Mon is discussed with respect to other nova-like variables. Its spectroscopic similarity to the FUV spectra of three definite SW Sex stars suggests that it is likely a member of the SW Sex class and lends support to the possibility that the WD is magnetic.

  20. Power Right. Power Smart. Efficient Computer Power Supplies and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    consume? Higher efficiency power supplies reduce energy consumption, thus cutting your electricity bill. They reduce power consumption, helping your electric utility meet peak...

  1. Wind Power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubicthe FOIA?ResourceMeasurement Buoy AdvancesWind

  2. Torus through Integrated Data Analysis Mark Nornberg Matthew Galante (Nova Photonics)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week DayDr.Theories81 toDepartment ofTopo Blue Gene/Q VersusZ

  3. XMM-NEWTON X-RAY AND ULTRAVIOLET OBSERVATIONS OF THE FAST NOVA V2491 Cyg DURING THE SUPERSOFT SOURCE PHASE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ness, J.-U. [XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, ESA, Madrid (Spain); Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Beardmore, A. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Dobrotka, A. [Department of Physics, Institute of Materials Science, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, 91724 Trnava (Slovakia); Drake, J. J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Pinto, C.; Detmers, R. G. [SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 3584 CA Utrecht (Netherlands); Schwarz, G. [American Astronomical Society, Washington, DC 20009-1231 (United States); Bode, M. F. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Birkenhead CH41 1LD (United Kingdom); Starrfield, S. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 (United States); Hernanz, M. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciencies, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain); Sala, G. [Departament Fisica i Enginyeria Nuclear, EUETIB (UPC-IEEC), 08036 Barcelona (Spain); Krautter, J. [Landessternwarte Koenigstuhl, Universitaet Heidelberg, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Woodward, C. E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)

    2011-05-20

    Two XMM-Newton observations of the fast classical nova V2491 Cyg were carried out in short succession on days 39.93 and 49.62 after discovery, during the supersoft source (SSS) phase, yielding simultaneous X-ray and UV light curves and high-resolution X-ray spectra. The first X-ray light curve is highly variable, showing oscillations with a period of 37.2 minutes after an extended factor of three decline lasting {approx}3 hr, while the second X-ray light curve is less variable. The cause of the dip is currently unexplained and has most likely the same origin as similar events in the early SSS light curves of the novae V4743 Sgr and RS Oph, as it occurred on the same timescale. The oscillations are not present during the dip minimum and also not in the second observation. The UV light curves are variable but contain no dips and no period. High-resolution X-ray spectra are presented for four intervals of differing intensity. All spectra are atmospheric continua with deep absorption lines and absorption edges. Two interstellar lines of O I and N I are clearly seen at their rest wavelengths, while a large number of high-ionization absorption lines are found at blueshifts indicating an expansion velocity of 3000-3400 km s{sup -1}, which does not change significantly during the epochs of observation. Comparisons with the slower nova V4743 Sgr and the symbiotic recurrent nova RS Oph are presented. The SSS spectrum of V4743 Sgr is much softer with broader and more complex photospheric absorption lines. The ejecta are extended, allowing us to view a larger range of the radial velocity profile. Meanwhile, the absorption lines in RS Oph are as narrow as in V2491 Cyg, but they are less blueshifted. A remarkable similarity in the continua of V2491 Cyg and RS Oph is found. The only differences are smaller line shifts and additional emission lines in RS Oph that are related to the presence of a dense stellar wind from the evolved companion. Three unidentified absorption lines are present in the X-ray spectra of all three novae, with projected rest wavelengths 26.05 A, 29.45 A, and 30.0 A. No entirely satisfactory spectral model is currently available for the soft X-ray spectra of novae in outburst, and careful discussion of assumptions is required.

  4. Magnets and Power Supplies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Longitudinal bunch profile and Magnets and Power Supplies Dipole Magnets and Power Supplies Value Dipole Number 80+1 No. of power...

  5. Interpreting Territory and Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevir, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Press, 1960). Bulpitt, Territory and Power, p. 57.Bulpitt, Territory and Power, p. 61-62.Bulpitt, Territory and Power, p. 63. Bulpitt, Territory and

  6. Power Simulator for Smartphones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gkolemis, Nikolaos

    2013-01-01

    Kim M. , Woo S. , “Accurate GPU Power Estimation forMobile Device Power Profiling”, IEEE ICCE (2013),http://Kumar S. , John L. , “Power Modeling of SDRAMs”, University

  7. Solar powered desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

    2011-01-01

    2008, uses concentrated solar power to split water. Figurethe main reason the potential for solar power is boundless.a clean energy source, solar power is inexhaustible, fairly

  8. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to these monitors to handle brief power outages, but future plans include providing site emergency power to these monitors for extended power outages Equipment to be added...

  9. Wind Power Outreach Campaign

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Power Wind Power Main Page Outreach Programs Image Gallery FAQs Links Software Hydro Power INL Home Outreach Programs A team of educators and scientists from the Idaho...

  10. ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Elton J.

    2012-01-01

    electric power generating plant, and the distributionrequired on the power-generating plant and not on the vehi-in either power-generating plants or combustion engines,

  11. Northwest, the Bonneville Power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    causing a protective shutdown that created cascading power outages across the regional power grid. Power outages like these are much more than an inconvenience to consumers....

  12. Power management system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Algrain, Marcelo C. (Peoria, IL); Johnson, Kris W. (Washington, IL); Akasam, Sivaprasad (Peoria, IL); Hoff, Brian D. (East Peoria, IL)

    2007-10-02

    A method of managing power resources for an electrical system of a vehicle may include identifying enabled power sources from among a plurality of power sources in electrical communication with the electrical system and calculating a threshold power value for the enabled power sources. A total power load placed on the electrical system by one or more power consumers may be measured. If the total power load exceeds the threshold power value, then a determination may be made as to whether one or more additional power sources is available from among the plurality of power sources. At least one of the one or more additional power sources may be enabled, if available.

  13. POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT DELMARVA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT between DELMARVA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY ("Buyer") and BLUEWATER WIND 3.5 Energy Forecasts, Scheduling and Balancing.......................................... 39 3

  14. Power oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gitsevich, Aleksandr (Montgomery Village, MD)

    2001-01-01

    An oscillator includes an amplifier having an input and an output, and an impedance transformation network connected between the input of the amplifier and the output of the amplifier, wherein the impedance transformation network is configured to provide suitable positive feedback from the output of the amplifier to the input of the amplifier to initiate and sustain an oscillating condition, and wherein the impedance transformation network is configured to protect the input of the amplifier from a destructive feedback signal. One example of the oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency. Various control circuits may be employed to match the driving frequency of the oscillator to a plurality of tuning states of the lamp.

  15. XMM-NEWTON OBSERVATIONS OF THE DWARF NOVA RU Peg IN QUIESCENCE: PROBE OF THE BOUNDARY LAYER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balman, Soelen [Department of Physics, Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey); Godon, Patrick; Sion, Edward M. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Villanova University, Villanova, PA 19085 (United States); Ness, Jan-Uwe [XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, European Space Agency (ESA/ESAC), E-28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Schlegel, Eric [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249 (United States); Barrett, Paul E. [United States Naval Observatory, Washington, DC 20392 (United States); Szkody, Paula, E-mail: solen@astroa.physics.metu.edu.tr, E-mail: patrick.godon@villanova.edu, E-mail: edward.sion@villanova.edu, E-mail: juness@sciops.esa.int, E-mail: eric.schlegel@utsa.edu, E-mail: barrett.paul@usno.navy.mil, E-mail: szkody@astro.washington.edu [Astronomy Department, University of Seattle, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

    2011-11-10

    We present an analysis of X-ray and UV data obtained with the XMM-Newton Observatory of the long-period dwarf nova RU Peg. RU Peg contains a massive white dwarf (WD), possibly the hottest WD in a dwarf nova (DN), it has a low inclination, thus optimally exposing its X-ray emitting boundary layer (BL), and has an excellent trigonometric parallax distance. We modeled the X-ray data using XSPEC assuming a multi-temperature plasma emission model built from the MEKAL code (i.e., CEVMKL). We obtained a maximum temperature of 31.7 keV, based on the European Photon Imaging Camera MOS1, 2 and pn data, indicating that RU Peg has an X-ray spectrum harder than most DNe, except U Gem. This result is consistent with and indirectly confirms the large mass of the WD in RU Peg. The X-ray luminosity we computed corresponds to a BL luminosity for a mass accretion rate of 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -11} M{sub sun} yr{sup -1} (assuming M{sub wd} = 1.3 M{sub sun}), in agreement with the expected quiescent accretion rate. The modeling of the O VIII emission line at 19 A as observed by the Reflection Grating Spectrometer implies a projected stellar rotational velocity v{sub rot}sin i = 695 km s{sup -1}, i.e., the line is emitted from material rotating at {approx}936-1245 km s{sup -1} (i {approx} 34 Degree-Sign -48 Degree-Sign) or about 1/6 of the Keplerian speed; this velocity is much larger than the rotation speed of the WD inferred from the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer spectrum. Cross-correletion analysis yielded an undelayed (time lag {approx} 0) component and a delayed component of 116 {+-} 17 s where the X-ray variations/fluctuations lagged the UV variations. This indicates that the UV fluctuations in the inner disk are propagated into the X-ray emitting region in about 116 s. The undelayed component may be related to irradiation effects.

  16. Classical-Nova Contribution to the Milky Way's $^{26}$Al Abundance: Exit Channel of the Key $^{25}$Al($p,?$)$^{26}$Si Resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. B. Bennett; C. Wrede; K. A. Chipps; J. José; S. N. Liddick; M. Santia; A. Bowe; A. A. Chen; N. Cooper; D. Irvine; E. McNeice; F. Montes; F. Naqvi; R. Ortez; S. D. Pain; J. Pereira; C. Prokop; J. Quaglia; S. J. Quinn; S. B. Schwartz; S. Shanab; A. Simon; A. Spyrou; E. Thiagalingam

    2013-12-12

    Classical novae are expected to contribute to the 1809-keV Galactic $\\gamma$-ray emission by producing its precursor $^{26}$Al, but the yield depends on the thermonuclear rate of the unmeasured $^{25}$Al($p,\\gamma$)$^{26}$Si reaction. Using the $\\beta$ decay of $^{26}$P to populate the key $J^{\\pi}=3^+$ resonance in this reaction, we report the first evidence for the observation of its exit channel via a $1741.6 \\pm 0.6 (\\textrm{stat}) \\pm 0.3 (\\textrm{syst})$ keV primary $\\gamma$ ray, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. By combining the measured $\\gamma$-ray energy and intensity with other experimental data on $^{26}$Si, we find the center-of-mass energy and strength of the resonance to be $E_r = 414.9 \\pm 0.6(\\textrm{stat}) \\pm 0.3 (\\textrm{syst}) \\pm 0.6(\\textrm{lit.})$ keV and $\\omega\\gamma = 23 \\pm 6 (\\textrm{stat})^{+11}_{-10}(\\textrm{lit.})$ meV, respectively, where the last uncertainties are from adopted literature data. We use hydrodynamic nova simulations to model $^{26}$Al production showing that these measurements effectively eliminate the dominant experimental nuclear-physics uncertainty and we estimate that novae may contribute up to 30% of the Galactic $^{26}$Al.

  17. Survey of Period Variations of Superhumps in SU UMa-Type Dwarf Novae. VII: The Seventh Year (2014-2015)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kato, Taichi; Dubovsky, Pavol A; Kudzej, Igor; Monard, Berto; Miller, Ian; Itoh, Hiroshi; Kiyota, Seiichiro; Masumoto, Kazunari; Fukushima, Daiki; Kinoshita, Hiroki; Maeda, Kazuki; Mikami, Jyunya; Matsuda, Risa; Kojiguchi, Naoto; Kawabata, Miho; Takenaka, Megumi; Matsumoto, Katsura; de Miguel, Enrique; Maeda, Yutaka; Ohshima, Tomohito; Isogai, Keisuke; Pickard, Roger D; Henden, Arne; Kafka, Stella; Akazawa, Hidehiko; Otani, Noritoshi; Ishibashi, Sakiko; Ogi, Minako; Tanabe, Kenji; Imamura, Kazuyoshi; Stein, William; Kasai, Kiyoshi; Vanmunster, Tonny; Starr, Peter; Pavlenko, Elena P; Antonyuk, Oksana I; Antonyuk, Kirill A; Sosnovskij, Aleksei A; Pit, Nikolaj V; Babina, Julia V; Sklyanov, Aleksandr; Novak, Rudolf; Oksanen, Arto; Dvorak, Shawn; Michel, Raul; Masi, Gianluca; Littlefield, Colin; Ulowetz, Joseph; Shugarov, Sergey Yu; Golysheva, Polina Yu; Chochol, Drahomir; Krushevska, Viktoriia; Ruiz, Javier; Tordai, Tamas; Morelle, Etienne; Sabo, Richard; Maehara, Hiroyuki; Richmond, Michael; Katysheva, Natalia; Hirosawa, Kenji; Goff, William N; Dubois, Franky; Logie, Ludwig; Rau, Steve; Voloshina, Irina B; Andreev, Maksim V; Shiokawa, Kazuhiko; Neustroev, Vitaly V; Sjoberg, George; Zharikov, Sergey; James, Nick; Bolt, Greg; Crawford, Tim; Buczynski, Denis; Cook, Lewis M; Kochanek, Christopher S; Shappee, Benjamin; Stanek, Krzysztof Z; Prieto, Jose L; Denisenko, Denis; Nishimura, Hideo; Mukai, Masaru; Kaneko, Shizuo; Ueda, Seiji; Stubbings, Rod; Moriyama, Masayuki; Schmeer, Patrick; Muyllaert, Eddy; Shears, Jeremy; Modic, Robert J; Paxson, Kevin B

    2015-01-01

    Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009, arXiv:0905.1757), we collected times of superhump maxima for 102 SU UMa-type dwarf novae observed mainly during the 2014-2015 season and characterized these objects. Our project has greatly improved the statistics of the distribution of orbital periods, which is a good approximation of the distribution of cataclysmic variables at the terminal evolutionary stage, and confirmed the presence of a period minimum at a period of 0.053 d and a period spike just above this period. The number density monotonically decreased toward the longer period and there was no strong indication of a period gap. We detected possible negative superhumps in Z Cha. It is possible that normal outbursts are also suppressed by the presence of a disk tilt in this system. There was no indication of enhanced orbital humps just preceding the superoutburst, and this result favors the thermal-tidal disk instability as the origin of superoutbursts. We detected superhumps in three AM CVn-ty...

  18. X-ray Eclipse Diagnosis of the Evolving Mass Loss in the Recurrent Nova U Scorpii 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takei, D; Tsujimoto, M; Ness, J -U; Osborne, J P; Starrfield, S; Kitamoto, S

    2013-01-01

    We report the Suzaku detection of the earliest X-ray eclipse seen in the recurrent nova U Scorpii 2010. A target-of-opportunity observation 15 days after the outburst found a 27+/-5% dimming in the 0.2-1.0 keV energy band at the predicted center of an eclipse. In comparison with the X-ray eclipse depths seen at two later epochs by XMM-Newton, the source region shrank by about 10-20% between days 15 and 35 after the outburst. The X-ray eclipses appear to be deeper than or similar to contemporaneous optical eclipses, suggesting the X-ray and optical source region extents are comparable on day 15. We raise the possibility of the energy dependency in the photon escape regions, and that this would be a result of the supersoft X-ray opacity being higher than the Thomson scattering optical opacity at the photosphere due to bound-free transitions in abundant metals that are not fully ionized. Assuming a spherically symmetric explosion model, we constrain the mass-loss rate as a function of time. For a ratio of actual...

  19. X-RAY ECLIPSE DIAGNOSIS OF THE EVOLVING MASS LOSS IN THE RECURRENT NOVA U SCORPII 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takei, D.; Drake, J. J. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Tsujimoto, M. [Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1 Yoshino-dai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Ness, J.-U. [European Space Agency, XMM-Newton Observatory SOC, SRE-OAX, Apartado 78, E-28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Osborne, J. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Starrfield, S. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 (United States); Kitamoto, S., E-mail: dtakei@head.cfa.harvard.edu [Department of Physics, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501 (Japan)

    2013-05-20

    We report the Suzaku detection of the earliest X-ray eclipse seen in the recurrent nova U Scorpii 2010. A target-of-opportunity observation 15 days after the outburst found a 27% {+-} 5% dimming in the 0.2-1.0 keV energy band at the predicted center of an eclipse. In comparison with the X-ray eclipse depths seen at two later epochs by XMM-Newton, the source region shrank by about 10%-20% between days 15 and 35 after the outburst. The X-ray eclipses appear to be deeper than or similar to contemporaneous optical eclipses, suggesting the X-ray and optical source region extents are comparable on day 15. We raise the possibility of the energy dependency in the photon escape regions, and that this would be a result of the supersoft X-ray opacity being higher than the Thomson scattering opacity at the photosphere due to bound-free transitions in abundant metals that are not fully ionized. Assuming a spherically symmetric model, we constrain the mass-loss rate as a function of time. For a ratio of actual to Thomson opacity of 10-100 in supersoft X-rays, we find an ejecta mass of about 10{sup -7}-10{sup -6} M{sub Sun }.

  20. Mechanical design of ceramic beam tube braze joints for NOvA kicker magnets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ader, C.R.; Reilly, R.E.; Wilson, J.H.

    2010-05-01

    The NO?A Experiment will construct a detector optimized for electron neutrino detection in the existing NuMI neutrino beam. The NuMI beam line is capable of operating at 400 kW of primary beam power and the upgrade will allow up to 700 kW. Ceramic beam tubes are utilized in numerous kicker magnets in different accelerator rings at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Kovar flanges are brazed onto each beam tube end, since kovar and high alumina ceramic have similar expansion curves. The tube, kovar flange, end piece, and braze foil alloy brazing material are stacked in the furnace and then brazed. The most challenging aspect of fabricating kicker magnets in recent years have been making hermetic vacuum seals on the braze joints between the ceramic and flange. Numerous process variables can influence the robustness of conventional metal/ceramic brazing processes. The ceramic-filler metal interface is normally the weak layer when failure does not occur within the ceramic. Differences between active brazing filler metal and the moly-manganese process will be discussed along with the applicable results of these techniques used for Fermilab production kicker tubes.

  1. Electric power 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-07-01

    Subjects covered include: power industry trends - near term fuel strategies - price/quality/delivery/opportunity; generating fleet optimization and plant optimization; power plant safety and security; coal power plants - upgrades and new capacity; IGCC, advanced combustion and CO{sub 2} capture technologies; gas turbine and combined cycle power plants; nuclear power; renewable power; plant operations and maintenance; power plant components - design and operation; environmental; regulatory issues, strategies and technologies; and advanced energy strategies and technologies. The presentations are in pdf format.

  2. RXTE Observations of an Outburst of Recurrent X-ray Nova GS 1354-644

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikhail G. Revnivtsev; Konstantin N. Borozdin; William C. Priedhorsky; Alexey Vikhlinin

    1999-10-13

    We present the results of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer observations of GS 1354-644 during a modest outburst in 1997-1998. The source is one of a handful of black hole X-ray transients that are confirmed to be recurrent in X-rays. A 1987 outburst of the same source observed by Ginga was much brighter, and showed a high/soft spectral state. In contrast the 1997-1998 outburst showed a low/hard spectral state. Both states are typical for black hole binaries. The RXTE All Sky Monitor observed an outburst duration of 150 to 200 days. PCA and HEXTE observations covered ~70 days near the maximum of the light curve and during the flux decline. Throughout the observations, the spectrum can be approximated by Compton upscattering of soft photons by energetic electrons. The hot electron cloud has a temperature kT ~30 keV and optical depth tau~4--5. To fit the data well an additional iron fluorescent line and reflection component are required, which indicates the presence of optically thick cool material, most probably in the outer part of the accretion disk. Dramatic fast variability was observed, and has been analyzed in the context of a shot noise model. The spectrum appeared to be softest at the peaks of the shot-noise variability. The shape of the power spectrum was typical for black hole systems in a low/hard state. We note a qualitative difference in the shape of the dependence of fractional variability on energy, when we compare systems with black holes and with neutron stars. Since it is difficult to discriminate these systems on spectral grounds, at least in their low/hard states, this new difference might be important.

  3. Solar powered desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

    2011-01-01

    are many solar photovoltaic power plants internationally andUSA, Blythe, CA Solar electric power plant, Blythe USA, SanTX Blue Wing solar electric power plant USA, Jacksonville,

  4. ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Elton J.

    2012-01-01

    Energy Requirements for Electric Cars and Their Impact on Power Generation andof energy resource utilization for electric power generationElectric automobile energy consumption. Effect of electric automobiles on the electric power generation

  5. Electrolytes for power sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doddapaneni, N.; Ingersoll, D.

    1995-01-03

    Electrolytes are disclosed for power sources, particularly alkaline and acidic power sources, comprising benzene polysulfonic acids and benzene polyphosphonic acids or salts of such acids. 7 figures.

  6. Electrolytes for power sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doddapaneni, Narayan (Albuquerque, NM); Ingersoll, David (Albuquerque, NM)

    1995-01-01

    Electrolytes for power sources, particularly alkaline and acidic power sources, comprising benzene polysulfonic acids and benzene polyphosphonic acids or salts of such acids.

  7. Wind Power Link

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Power Links These other web sites may provide additional information of interest: American Wind Energy Association Idaho Department of Energy Wind Power Information Utah...

  8. Bonneville Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    agreement (Agreement) between the BC Hydro and Power uthority (BCH) and the Bonneville Power Administration (BP A), jointly the Parties, which BA for accounting purposes is...

  9. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    October 2013 (Revised 060914) United States Department of Energy Bonneville Power Administration 905 N.E. 11th Avenue Portland, OR 97232 Bonneville Power Administration's 2014...

  10. Fusion Power Associates Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fusion Power Associates Awards Fusion Power Associates is "a non-profit, tax-exempt research and educational foundation, providing information on the status of fusion development...

  11. High Power, Linear CMOS Power Amplifier for WLAN Applications /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afsahi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Power ampli?er (PA)2x2 Chapter 5 Power Combining5.1 Wilkinson Power Combiner . . . . . . . . . . . .

  12. Karnataka Power Corporation Limited and National Thermal Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Karnataka Power Corporation Limited and National Thermal Power Corporation JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Karnataka Power Corporation Limited and National Thermal Power...

  13. Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California, September 2008 Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California, September 2008 This...

  14. Flex power perspectives of indirect power system control through...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Flex power perspectives of indirect power system control through dynamic power price (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Flex power perspectives of...

  15. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01

    authorities, independent power producers, power marketers,Power Marketers Independent Power Producers Independent

  16. Power Series Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vickers, James

    Power Series 16.4 Introduction In this section we consider power series. These are examples of infinite series where each term contains a variable, x, raised to a positive integer power. We use the ratio test to obtain the radius of convergence R, of the power series and state the important result

  17. Offshore Wind Power USA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Offshore Wind Power USA conference provides the latest offshore wind market updates and forecasts.

  18. Hybrid Power Test Bed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    This document describes efforts by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to simulate hybrid power systems. Hybrid power systems combine multiple power sources such as wind turbines, photovoltaic (PV) arrays, diesel generators, and battery storage systems. They typically are used in remote areas, away from major electric grids. The Hybrid Power Test Bed is designed to assist the U.S. wind industry in developing and testing hybrid power generation systems. Test bed capabilities, features, and equipment are described.

  19. Power the world's powers the world's economy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power the world's economy BUSINESS #12;powers the world's economy. Put yourself in the driver. · A buyer, merchandiser, planner or manager in a retail operation. · The manager of a restaurant or food materials firm. · A marketer promoting a business, nonprofit organization or public agency. · A small

  20. Swift detection of the super-swift switch-on of the super-soft phase in nova V745 Sco (2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, K L; Kuin, N P M; Henze, M; Walter, F M; Beardmore, A P; Bode, M F; Darnley, M J; Delgado, L; Drake, J J; Hernanz, M; Mukai, K; Nelson, T; Ness, J -U; Schwarz, G J; Shore, S N; Starrfield, S; Woodward, C E

    2015-01-01

    V745 Sco is a recurrent nova, with the most recent eruption occurring in February 2014. V745 Sco was first observed by Swift a mere 3.7 hr after the announcement of the optical discovery, with the super-soft X-ray emission being detected around four days later and lasting for only ~two days, making it both the fastest follow-up of a nova by Swift and the earliest switch-on of super-soft emission yet detected. Such an early switch-on time suggests a combination of a very high velocity outflow and low ejected mass and, together with the high effective temperature reached by the super-soft emission, a high mass white dwarf (>1.3 M_sun). The X-ray spectral evolution was followed from an early epoch where shocked emission was evident, through the entirety of the super-soft phase, showing evolving column density, emission lines, absorption edges and thermal continuum temperature. UV grism data were also obtained throughout the super-soft interval, with the spectra showing mainly emission lines from lower ionization...

  1. Extraordinary luminous soft X-ray transient MAXI J0158–744 as an ignition of a nova on a very massive O-Ne white dwarf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morii, M.; Serino, M.; Mihara, T.; Sugizaki, M.; Tomida, H.; Kimura, M.; Nakahira, S.; Suwa, F.; Negoro, H.; Kennea, J. A.; Pritchard, T.; Page, K. L.; Osborne, J. P.; Curran, P. A.; Walter, F. M.; Kuin, N. P. M.; Hiroi, K.; Usui, R.; Kawai, N.; Gehrels, N.; and others

    2013-12-20

    We present the observation of an extraordinary luminous soft X-ray transient, MAXI J0158–744, by the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) on 2011 November 11. This transient is characterized by a soft X-ray spectrum, a short duration (1.3 × 10{sup 3} s < ?T{sub d} < 1.10 × 10{sup 4} s), a rapid rise (<5.5 × 10{sup 3} s), and a huge peak luminosity of 2 × 10{sup 40} erg s{sup –1} in 0.7-7.0 keV band. With Swift observations and optical spectroscopy from the Small and Moderate Aperture Research Telescope System, we confirmed that the transient is a nova explosion, on a white dwarf in a binary with a Be star, located near the Small Magellanic Cloud. An early turn-on of the super-soft X-ray source (SSS) phase (<0.44 days), the short SSS phase duration of about one month, and a 0.92 keV neon emission line found in the third MAXI scan, 1296 s after the first detection, suggest that the explosion involves a small amount of ejecta and is produced on an unusually massive O-Ne white dwarf close to, or possibly over, the Chandrasekhar limit. We propose that the huge luminosity detected with MAXI was due to the fireball phase, a direct manifestation of the ignition of the thermonuclear runaway process in a nova explosion.

  2. Biogeography of Marine Algae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biogeography of Marine Algae David J Garbary, St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia and vicariance in establishing distributions and as factors associated with speciation. Since eukaryotic algae. There are many species that are virtually cosmopolitan (e.g. the green alga Enteromorpha intestinalis, the red

  3. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22:770784, 2002 Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Ransom A.

    Hydroelectric Generating Station, Nova Scotia A. JAMIE F. GIBSON* Acadia Centre for Estuarine Research, Post structures such as the intake pipes at cooling water plants or the turbine intakes at hydroelectric abundance, behavior, and rates of passage at hydroelectric stations vary considerably in re- sponse

  4. J. Paleont., 83(1), 2009, pp. 140146 Copyright 2009, The Paleontological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martino, Ronald L.

    from Ohio, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Nova Scotia. Only four Arthropleura trackway sites have been.The track- ways were found in the lower Conemaugh Formation of Ken- tucky, equivalent to the Glenshaw Formation of the Conemaugh Group in neighboring West Virginia. The Glenshaw Formation consists predominantly

  5. Interannual Changes in Seasonal Ground Freezing and Near-surface Heat Flow Beneath Bottom-fast Ice in the Near-shore Zone, Mackenzie Delta, NWT, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moorman, Brian

    Interannual Changes in Seasonal Ground Freezing and Near-surface Heat Flow Beneath Bottom-fast Ice Resources Canada, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada ABSTRACT Interannual changes in seasonal ground freezing. KEY WORDS: seasonal ground freezing; permafrost; bottom-fast ice; Mackenzie Delta INTRODUCTION Arctic

  6. Some electric myths Larry Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    industrial demand (460 GWh), there has also been a significant increase in residential electricity demand in residential electricity demand is the result of the increased use of electricity for space heating since and Nova Scotia's demand for electricity, both of which are based, in part, upon the arguments made when

  7. 361Computer Physics Communications 33(1984) 361 --366 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creutz, Michael

    1984-01-01

    FOR INVESTIGATIONS ON THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL ISING MODEL Michael CREUTZ Department of Physics, Brookhaven National, Statistics and Computing Science, Daihousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4H8, Canada and K 10 April 1984; in revised form 8 May 1984 PROGRAM SUMMARY Title ofprogram: ISING Keywords: Ising

  8. Winston Roberts Born: 10 September 1958; Port of Spain, Trinidad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    2006 - present · Program Manager, Office of Nuclear Physics, Department of Energy, 2005 (on leave from National Young Investigator Award, 1994. · Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Post University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 1979-1983 B. Sc. with Honours in Physics, 1983 · University

  9. Computer Physics Communications 39 (1986) 173--180 173 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creutz, Michael

    1986-01-01

    FOR THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL ISING MODEL Michael CREUTZ Department of Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Statistics and Computing Science, Daihousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4H8, Canada Received 25 April 1985; in revised form 15 August 1985 PROGRAM SUMMARY Title ofprogram: MICROIS mentary magnets

  10. Migration cues and timing in leatherback sea turtles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Ransom A.

    Migration cues and timing in leatherback sea turtles Scott A. Sherrill-Mix, Michael C. James, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1 Atlantic leatherback sea turtles migrate annually from foraging grounds off's proportional hazards model, we investigated the individual timing of the southward migrations of 27 turtles

  11. JSS Journal of Statistical Software March 2015, Volume 64, Issue 12. http://www.jstatsoft.org/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranjan, Pritam

    .e., for emulating the tidal kinetic energy model for the Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia, Canada. GPfit is free software and distributed under the General Public License and available from the Comprehensive R Archive Network. Keywords), dynamics of dark energy and dark matter in cosmological studies (Arbey 2006), and the tidal kinetic energy

  12. This article was downloaded by: [Universita Studi la Sapienza] On: 22 May 2015, At: 07:37

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sciortino, Francesco

    : Taylor & Francis Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office for authors and subscription information: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tmph20 Phase diagram of the ST2 model of Physics, St. Francis Xavier University, Nova Scotia, Canada c Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma

  13. Early Jurassic eolian dune field, Pomperaug basin, Connecticut and related synrift deposits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeTourneau, Peter M.

    Early Jurassic eolian dune field, Pomperaug basin, Connecticut and related synrift deposits eolian sandstone in the Pomperaug basin, Connecticut is noteworthy because it is the most significant from the Hartford (Connecticut, USA), Fundy (Nova Scotia, Canada), and Argana (Morocco) basins. Using

  14. E-Voting in Brazil -The Risks to Democracy Jos Rodrigues-Filho, Cynthia J. Alexander, and Luciano C. Batista

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matwin, Stan

    - 85 - E-Voting in Brazil - The Risks to Democracy José Rodrigues-Filho, Cynthia J. Alexander, and Luciano C. Batista Federal University of Paraiba, Paraiba, Brazil and Acadia University, Nova Scotia be implemented - then the implications for democracy should be considered. Brazil's introduction of e

  15. Optimization of duplex real-time PCR with melting-curve analysis for detecting the microsporidian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shutler, Dave

    and 18 pooled samples of 15 workers) collected in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland´chantillons collectifs de 15 ouvrie`res) re´colte´s en Nouvelle-E´ cosse, a` l'I^le-du-Prince-E´ douard Received 13

  16. DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES Collections Strategy Librarian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    for acquiring, preserving and sharing knowledge. As academic resources become format-agnostic and increasingly, Science, Management, and Computer Science), the W.K. Kellogg Health Sciences Library (Medicine, Dentistry of Nova Scotia academic libraries sharing a common library management system (Ex Libris Aleph 500

  17. Body powered thermoelectric systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Settaluri, Krishna Tej

    2012-01-01

    Great interest exists for and progress has be made in the effective utilization of the human body as a possible power supply in hopes of powering such applications as sensors and continuously monitoring medical devices ...

  18. ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Elton J.

    2012-01-01

    The idea of using fuel cells as a high-efficiency source offuel cell) E V; 6094 W·h/kga Theoretical References Specific Power 27-25 W/kg Power Density 12-35 W/1 Efficiency

  19. Residential Wind Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willis, Gary

    2011-12-16

    This research study will explore the use of residential wind power and associated engineering and environmental issues. There is various wind power generating devices available to the consumer. The study will discuss the dependencies of human...

  20. Space Solar Power Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arif, H.; Barbosa, H.; Bardet, C.; Baroud, M.; Behar, A.; Berrier, K.; Berthe, P.; Bertrand, R.; Bibyk, I.; Bisson, J.; Bloch, L.; Bobadilla, G.; Bourque, D.; Bush, L.; Carandang, R.; Chiku, T.; Crosby, N.; De Seixas, M.; De Vries, J.; Doll, S.; Dufour, F.; Eckart, P.; Fahey, M.; Fenot, F.; Foeckersperger, S.; Fontaine, J.E.; Fowler, R.; Frey, H.; Fujio, H.; Gasa, J.M.; Gleave, J.; Godoe, J.; Green, I.; Haeberli, R.; Hanada, T.; Ha

    1992-08-01

    Information pertaining to the Space Solar Power Program is presented on energy analysis; markets; overall development plan; organizational plan; environmental and safety issues; power systems; space transportation; space manufacturing, construction, operations; design examples; and finance.

  1. Solar Thermal Powered Evaporators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moe, Christian Robert

    2015-01-01

    Evaporator Powered By Solar Thermal Energy 10:00 AM 10:00 AMaided or powered by solar thermal energy. A section is alsoexhaustive review of solar thermal energy systems has been

  2. Power Converters for Accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visintini, R

    2015-01-01

    Particle accelerators use a great variety of power converters for energizing their sub-systems; while the total number of power converters usually depends on the size of the accelerator or combination of accelerators (including the experimental setup), the characteristics of power converters depend on their loads and on the particle physics requirements: this paper aims to provide an overview of the magnet power converters in use in several facilities worldwide.

  3. Concentrating Solar Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-09-01

    Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its concentrating solar power subprogram.

  4. Power-Factor Compensation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

    and inductors as well as power elec- tronic converters, such as active filters and flexible ac transmission- tures the energy-transmission efficiency for a given load. The standard approach to improving the power of nonsinusoidal signals in energy networks at all power levels. An unfortunate consequence of the inclu- sion

  5. Metagenomics Smart power grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metagenomics Smart power grid The new weapons workhorse Laser on Mars LOS ALAMOS SCIENCE'll read about a unique collaboration to create a "smart" power grid to accommodate an increasing, and plans to modify an enzyme to grow renewable biofuels and mitigate carbon emissions from power plants

  6. Power Plant Cycling Costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, N.; Besuner, P.; Lefton, S.; Agan, D.; Hilleman, D.

    2012-07-01

    This report provides a detailed review of the most up to date data available on power plant cycling costs. The primary objective of this report is to increase awareness of power plant cycling cost, the use of these costs in renewable integration studies and to stimulate debate between policymakers, system dispatchers, plant personnel and power utilities.

  7. Superconducting Power Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Rabinowitz

    2003-02-20

    The superconducting ac generator has the greatest potential for large-scale commercial application of superconductivity that can benefit the public. Electric power is a vital ingredient of modern society, and generation may be considered to be the vital ingredient of a power system. This articles gives background, and an insight into the physics and engineering of superconducting power generation.

  8. Power transaction issues in deregulated power systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roycourt, Henrik

    2000-01-01

    is to review the power flow problem and the newly emerging concept of Available Transfer Capability (ATC) / Total Transfer Capability (TTC). Secondly, it aims at reviewing and implementing in the Matlab environment a technique for tracing the contributions...

  9. Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Africa's Power Sector...

  10. Using government purchasing power to reduce equipment standby power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeffrey; Meier, Alan; Bartholomew, Emily; Thomas, Alison; Glickman, Joan; Ware, Michelle

    2003-01-01

    or external power supply, other specifications, and purchasethe consumer to purchase extra power strips and extensionan internal standby power function, shall purchase Although

  11. Active Power Controls from Wind Power: Bridging the Gaps | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    This report evaluates how wind power can support power system reliability, and do so economically. The study includes a number of different power system simulations, control...

  12. Multimegawatt space power reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dearien, J.A.; Whitbeck, J.F.

    1989-01-01

    In response to the need of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) and long range space exploration and extra-terrestrial basing by the National Air and Space Administration (NASA), concepts for nuclear power systems in the multi-megawatt levels are being designed and evaluated. The requirements for these power systems are being driven primarily by the need to minimize weight and maximize safety and reliability. This paper will discuss the present requirements for space based advanced power systems, technological issues associated with the development of these advanced nuclear power systems, and some of the concepts proposed for generating large amounts of power in space. 31 figs.

  13. Multimode power processor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    O'Sullivan, G.A.; O'Sullivan, J.A.

    1999-07-27

    In one embodiment, a power processor which operates in three modes: an inverter mode wherein power is delivered from a battery to an AC power grid or load; a battery charger mode wherein the battery is charged by a generator; and a parallel mode wherein the generator supplies power to the AC power grid or load in parallel with the battery. In the parallel mode, the system adapts to arbitrary non-linear loads. The power processor may operate on a per-phase basis wherein the load may be synthetically transferred from one phase to another by way of a bumpless transfer which causes no interruption of power to the load when transferring energy sources. Voltage transients and frequency transients delivered to the load when switching between the generator and battery sources are minimized, thereby providing an uninterruptible power supply. The power processor may be used as part of a hybrid electrical power source system which may contain, in one embodiment, a photovoltaic array, diesel engine, and battery power sources. 31 figs.

  14. Multimode power processor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    O'Sullivan, George A. (Pottersville, NJ); O'Sullivan, Joseph A. (St. Louis, MO)

    1999-01-01

    In one embodiment, a power processor which operates in three modes: an inverter mode wherein power is delivered from a battery to an AC power grid or load; a battery charger mode wherein the battery is charged by a generator; and a parallel mode wherein the generator supplies power to the AC power grid or load in parallel with the battery. In the parallel mode, the system adapts to arbitrary non-linear loads. The power processor may operate on a per-phase basis wherein the load may be synthetically transferred from one phase to another by way of a bumpless transfer which causes no interruption of power to the load when transferring energy sources. Voltage transients and frequency transients delivered to the load when switching between the generator and battery sources are minimized, thereby providing an uninterruptible power supply. The power processor may be used as part of a hybrid electrical power source system which may contain, in one embodiment, a photovoltaic array, diesel engine, and battery power sources.

  15. EPA Green Power Leadership Awards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Green Power Leadership Awards recognize exceptional achievement among EPA Green Power Partners and among green power suppliers.

  16. Hybrid Wind Power Balance Control Strategy using Thermal Power, Hydro Power and Flow Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Mark

    Hybrid Wind Power Balance Control Strategy using Thermal Power, Hydro Power and Flow Batteries the con- trolled use of hybrid flow battery, thermal and hydro power plant system, to support wind power on range of thermal and hydro power plant reaction times. This work suggests that power and energy

  17. Primus Power's Flow Battery Powered by $11 Million in Private...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Primus Power's Flow Battery Powered by 11 Million in Private Investment Primus Power's Flow Battery Powered by 11 Million in Private Investment June 14, 2011 - 10:00am Addthis...

  18. Sandia Energy - Conventional Water Power: Technology Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technology Development Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Water Power Conventional Water Power: Technology Development Conventional Water Power: Technology...

  19. PASSIVE CONTROL OF FLUID POWERED HUMAN POWER AMPLIFIERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    PASSIVE CONTROL OF FLUID POWERED HUMAN POWER AMPLIFIERS Perry Y. Li and Venkat Durbha Center is proposed for the control of fluid powered human power amplifiers. Human power amplifiers are mechanical human power amplifier interacts with the human opeartor and other environments passively

  20. Power equipment applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seeley, R.S. (Consultant, Bridgewater, NJ (United States))

    1993-11-01

    Many considerations are taken into account in selecting equipment for power projects. The project often becomes a proving ground, benefiting equipment suppliers and developers. In designing and building power generation projects, developers and engineering and construction firms must go through the process of choosing the right equipment for the job. In doing so, a number of considerations regarding the benefits of selection and ease of installation must be taken into account. Understanding the selection process demonstrates how the independent power generation industry becomes a proving ground for different applications of power equipment. In turn, this adds more innovation and versatility to the entire power generation industry. It also provides lenders with examples of proven equipment that will more readily lead to successful financing in the future. Several developers and equipment vendors recently talked about how and why the choices were made for equipment like gas turbines, fluidized bed boilers, water treatment, power cooling equipment, and instruments and controls. 3 figs.

  1. Power Right. Power Smart. Efficient Computer Power Supplies and Monitors. |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuilding energyDepartment ofof Energy ElectricPower North

  2. DC Power Distribution Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savage, P.

    2012-01-01

    - A FLEXIBLE ALTERNATIVE ..OR ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY S. D. REYNOLDS Manager of Industrial Marketing & Services Tennessee Valley Authority Chattanooga, Tennessee ABSTRACT In an increasingly competitive operating environment, utilities must... place greater emphasis on developing programs that benefit the customer while at the same time benefiting the utility. Economy Surplus Power (ESP) is such a program. ESP offers industrial customers attractively priced power supply arrangements based...

  3. Electric power annual 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-12-08

    This report presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and state levels: generating capability and additions, net generation, fossil-fuel statistics, retail sales and revenue, finanical statistics, environmental statistics, power transactions, demand side management, nonutility power producers. Purpose is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts, and the public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets.

  4. Optimizing Power Factor Correction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, R. K.; Burmeister, L. C.

    1986-01-01

    FACTOR CORRECTION Robert K. Phillips and Louis C. Burmeister, Mechanical Engineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS The optimal investment for power factor correcting capacitors for Kansas Power and Light Company large power contract customers... consumer of electricity were made for demands of 200, 400, 800, 1,600, 3,200, and 6,400 k\\~ and monthly energy consumption periods of 100, 150, 200, 300, 400, and 500 hours for several capacitor purchase and installation costs. The results...

  5. Interleaved power converter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zhu, Lizhi (Canton, MI)

    2007-11-13

    A power converter architecture interleaves full bridge converters to alleviate thermal management problems in high current applications, and may, for example, double the output power capability while reducing parts count and costs. For example, one phase of a three phase inverter is shared between two transformers, which provide power to a rectifier such as a current doubler rectifier to provide two full bridge DC/DC converters with three rather than four high voltage inverter legs.

  6. Solar Thermal Powered Evaporators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moe, Christian Robert

    2015-01-01

    and thermal energy storage in solar thermal applications,"aided or powered by solar thermal energy. A section is alsoexhaustive review of solar thermal energy systems has been

  7. Solar Thermal Powered Evaporators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moe, Christian Robert

    2015-01-01

    of solar collectors and thermal energy storage in solaraided or powered by solar thermal energy. A section is alsobesides MVC require thermal energy as their primary energy

  8. Electric Power Monthly

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Electric Power Monthly Data for June 2015 | Release Date: August 26, 2015 | Next Release: September 24, 2015 | full report | Re-release date: August 28, 2015 | Revision Previous...

  9. Solar power tower

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The solar power tower section of the Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations describes the technical and economic status of this emerging renewable energy option for electricity supply.

  10. Wind Power Forecasting Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Operations Call 2012 Retrospective Reports 2012 Retrospective Reports 2011 Smart Grid Wind Integration Wind Integration Initiatives Wind Power Forecasting Wind Projects Email...

  11. Sandia Energy - Water Power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News & Events, Partnership, Renewable Energy, Systems Analysis, Systems Engineering, Water Power WEC-Sim Code Development Meeting at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory...

  12. Green Power Offer (Maine)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This chapter establishes requirements, standards and procedures and a competitive bidding process to implement the green power offer program. The program is designed to make renewable energy...

  13. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PARAGON) * Performed comparisons between results using eigenvalue difference and pin power RMS difference Contributors Andrew Godfrey Fausto Franceschini Scott Palmtag Julie...

  14. Solar Thermal Powered Evaporators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moe, Christian Robert

    2015-01-01

    R. P. Allison, "High Water Recovery with Electrodialysis12] GE Power & Water, "Electrodialysis Reversal (EDR)," 02ARABIA," in The Value of Water in the 21st Century, San

  15. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    O&M Costs (Column AZ) Present Value of Periodic Capital Replacement Cost (Column BA) Power System Transmission System Coincident Factor (Column BB) Distribution System...

  16. Power Systems Past Projects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    loop and its six associated substations. An upgrade of the INL loop, designed by Power Systems personnel, was completed in 1997. This project consists of transmission line...

  17. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The two options considered in the early design in Phase II were similar in their heat transfer and power generation components, but different in their kinematic lower...

  18. Alabama Power- UESC Activities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Fall 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—discusses Alabama Power and its utility energy service contract (UESC) projects and activities.

  19. CSTI high capacity power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winter, J.M.

    1994-09-01

    The SP-100 program was established in 1983 by DOD, DOE, and NASA as a joint program to develop the technology necessary for space nuclear power systems for military and civil application. During FY86 and 87, the NASA SP-100 Advanced Technology Program was devised to maintain the momentum of promising technology advancement efforts started during Phase I of SP-100 and to strengthen, in key areas, the chances for successful development and growth capability of space nuclear reactor power systems for future space applications. In FY88, the Advanced Technology Program was incorporated into NASA`s new Civil Space Technology Initiative (CSTI). The CSTI Program was established to provide the foundation for technology development in automation and robotics, information, propulsion, and power. The CSTI High Capacity Power Program builds on the technology efforts of the SP-100 program, incorporates the previous NASA SP-100 Advanced Technology project, and provides a bridge to NASA Project Pathfinder. The elements of CSTI High Capacity Power development include Conversion Systems, Thermal Management, Power Management, System Diagnostics, and Environmental Interactions. Technology advancement in all areas, including materials, is required to assure the high reliability and 7 to 10 year lifetime demanded for future space nuclear power systems. The overall program will develop and demonstrate the technology base required to provide a wide range of modular power systems as well as allowing mission independence from solar and orbital attitude requirements. Several recent advancements in CSTI High Capacity power development will be discussed.

  20. Solar powered desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

    2011-01-01

    done using photovoltaic systems or by a photoelectrochemicalprocess. Of course, photovoltaic systems convert sunlightwill be powered by the photovoltaic system. Also, a typical

  1. Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was delivered at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Program Review 2013, held April 23–25, 2013 near Phoenix, Arizona.

  2. Concentrating Solar Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solar Energy Technologies Program

    2010-09-28

    The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its concentrating solar power subprogram.

  3. Southwestern Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and terms and conditions and anyall notifications to listed customers of sale of Hydro Power Peaking, Peaking Energy and Supplemental Peaking Energy that have been increased,...

  4. Municipal Electric Power (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This section describes energy procurement for local utilities operating in Minnesota and provides a means for Minnesota cities to construct and operate hydroelectric power plants. The statute gives...

  5. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the public's investment in wind technologies to improve the performance and lower the cost of wind power. TARGETS: * Reduce vehicle petroleum use by 1 billion gallonsyear by...

  6. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Future Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of all 16 machines damped quickly ­ improved frequency performance » AGC ensures tie line power flows on the Electricity Infrastructure Operations Center (EIOC), the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL) national electric grid research facility, the FPGI will advance the science and develop the technologies

  7. Metagenomics Smart power grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metagenomics Smart power grid The new weapons workhorse Laser on Mars LOS ALAMOS SCIENCE'll read about a unique collaboration to create a "smart" power grid to accommodate an increasing, TECHNOLOGY, AND ENGINEERING 2 8 14 Dynamic Vision DARHT FULFILLS ITS DESTINY Solar Smart Grid in the Atomic

  8. Wind Power Software

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Analysis ms - 3.0MB Excel Excel Wind Analysis Presentation - 8.2MB PowerPoint Excel Wind Analysis With Power Curves Included - 3.7MB Excel WindR.exe - 44kB Weibull Excel Wind...

  9. Solar powered desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

    2011-01-01

    Solar Energy Center USA, Blythe, CA Solar electric power plant,Solar Wind Total Northwest Imports Southwest Imports Total Energy System Table 1.18: Largest PV Power PlantsPlants……………………………………………………32 Table 1.19: Solar Desalination Systems…………………………………………………34 Table 1.20: Energy

  10. Fusion Power Deployment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.A. Schmidt; J.M. Ogden

    2002-02-06

    Fusion power plants could be part of a future portfolio of non-carbon dioxide producing energy supplies such as wind, solar, biomass, advanced fission power, and fossil energy with carbon dioxide sequestration. In this paper, we discuss key issues that could impact fusion energy deployment during the last half of this century. These include geographic issues such as resource availability, scale issues, energy storage requirements, and waste issues. The resource needs and waste production associated with fusion deployment in the U.S. should not pose serious problems. One important feature of fusion power is the fact that a fusion power plant should be locatable within most local or regional electrical distribution systems. For this reason, fusion power plants should not increase the burden of long distance power transmission to our distribution system. In contrast to fusion power, regional factors could play an important role in the deployment of renewable resources such as wind, solar and biomass or fossil energy with CO2 sequestration. We examine the role of these regional factors and their implications for fusion power deployment.

  11. Bulk Power Transmission Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, T.

    1988-01-01

    are relatively small and cannot afford the cost of a high voltage interconnect, and yet their characteristics match a baseload need. The ability to wheel power to a utility that needs base load power from a distribution level interconnection is essential...

  12. Definition of Power Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordry, F

    2015-01-01

    The paper is intended to introduce power conversion principles and to define common terms in the domain. The concept s of sources and switches are defined and classified. From the basic laws of source interconnections, a generic method of power converter synthesis is presented. Some examples illustrate this systematic method. Finally, the commutation cell and soft commuta tion are introduced and discussedd.

  13. NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA: 2007 STATUS REPORT CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION October 2007 CEC-100 public workshops on nuclear power. The Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee, led by Commissioners, California Contract No. 700-05-002 Prepared For: California Energy Commission Barbara Byron, Senior Nuclear

  14. The Icelandic Power Situation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    #12;The Icelandic Power Situation #12;Iceland generates the most electricity in Europe per capita plants and customers 52 MWh per capita #12;Electrical usage in Iceland Low cost reliable and renewable energy attracts power intensive industry to Iceland Households use only 5% 90% of district heating

  15. Electrically powered hand tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Myers, Kurt S.; Reed, Teddy R.

    2007-01-16

    An electrically powered hand tool is described and which includes a three phase electrical motor having a plurality of poles; an electrical motor drive electrically coupled with the three phase electrical motor; and a source of electrical power which is converted to greater than about 208 volts three-phase and which is electrically coupled with the electrical motor drive.

  16. Power module assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campbell, Jeremy B. (Torrance, CA); Newson, Steve (Redondo Beach, CA)

    2011-11-15

    A power module assembly of the type suitable for deployment in a vehicular power inverter, wherein the power inverter has a grounded chassis, is provided. The power module assembly comprises a conductive base layer electrically coupled to the chassis, an insulating layer disposed on the conductive base layer, a first conductive node disposed on the insulating layer, a second conductive node disposed on the insulating layer, wherein the first and second conductive nodes are electrically isolated from each other. The power module assembly also comprises a first capacitor having a first electrode electrically connected to the conductive base layer, and a second electrode electrically connected to the first conductive node, and further comprises a second capacitor having a first electrode electrically connected to the conductive base layer, and a second electrode electrically connected to the second conductive node.

  17. TEP Power Partners Project [Tucson Electric Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-11-19

    The Arizona Governor’s Office of Energy Policy, in partnership with Tucson Electric Power (TEP), Tendril, and Next Phase Energy (NPE), formed the TEP Power Partners pilot project to demonstrate how residential customers could access their energy usage data and third party applications using data obtained from an Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) network. The project applied for and was awarded a Smart Grid Data Access grant through the U.S. Department of Energy. The project participants’ goal for Phase I is to actively engage 1,700 residential customers to demonstrate sustained participation, reduction in energy usage (kWh) and cost ($), and measure related aspects of customer satisfaction. This Demonstration report presents a summary of the findings, effectiveness, and customer satisfaction with the 15-month TEP Power Partners pilot project. The objective of the program is to provide residential customers with energy consumption data from AMR metering and empower these participants to better manage their electricity use. The pilot recruitment goals included migrating 700 existing customers from the completed Power Partners Demand Response Load Control Project (DRLC), and enrolling 1,000 new participants. Upon conclusion of the project on November 19, 2013: ? 1,390 Home Area Networks (HANs) were registered. ? 797 new participants installed a HAN. ? Survey respondents’ are satisfied with the program and found value with a variety of specific program components. ? Survey respondents report feeling greater control over their energy usage and report taking energy savings actions in their homes after participating in the program. ? On average, 43 % of the participants returned to the web portal monthly and 15% returned weekly. ? An impact evaluation was completed by Opinion Dynamics and found average participant savings for the treatment period1 to be 2.3% of their household use during this period.2 In total, the program saved 163 MWh in the treatment period of 2013.

  18. Power Capture (PowCap) Board for Non Intrusive Load Monitoring and Power Line Communication Exploration and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, Vikram

    2013-01-01

    3 Power Line Communication . . . . . . . . . . .Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .The Power Capture Board. . . . . . . . . . .

  19. Thermoelectric power generator for variable thermal power source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bell, Lon E; Crane, Douglas Todd

    2015-04-14

    Traditional power generation systems using thermoelectric power generators are designed to operate most efficiently for a single operating condition. The present invention provides a power generation system in which the characteristics of the thermoelectrics, the flow of the thermal power, and the operational characteristics of the power generator are monitored and controlled such that higher operation efficiencies and/or higher output powers can be maintained with variably thermal power input. Such a system is particularly beneficial in variable thermal power source systems, such as recovering power from the waste heat generated in the exhaust of combustion engines.

  20. The Power of Non-Uniform Wireless Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Power of Non-Uniform Wireless Power ETH Zurich ­ Distributed Computing Group Magnus M-To-Interference-Plus-Noise Ratio (SINR) Formula Minimum signal- to-interference ratio Power level of sender u Path-loss exponent Noise Distance between two nodes Received signal power from sender Received signal power from all other

  1. SMITH AND BARGHNONCONSCIOUS EFFECTS OF POWER NONCONSCIOUS EFFECTS OF POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargh, John A.

    (2003) recently proposed that power, as a fundamental dimension of human inter- action, affectsSMITH AND BARGHNONCONSCIOUS EFFECTS OF POWER NONCONSCIOUS EFFECTS OF POWER ON BASIC APPROACH to the approach/inhibition theory of power (Keltner, Gruenfeld, & Anderson, 2003), having power should

  2. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridOPTICSTM Power Networking,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridOPTICSTM Power Networking, Equipment, and Technology (powerNET) Testbed OBJECTIVE A lot of interest in research, improvements, and testing surrounds the power grid to bear on the challenges of the power grid Therefore, a community resource is needed to enable needed

  3. Electric power annual 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-06

    The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric utility statistics at national, regional and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. ``The US Electric Power Industry at a Glance`` section presents a profile of the electric power industry ownership and performance, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent sections present data on generating capability, including proposed capability additions; net generation; fossil-fuel statistics; retail sales; revenue; financial statistics; environmental statistics; electric power transactions; demand-side management; and nonutility power producers. In addition, the appendices provide supplemental data on major disturbances and unusual occurrences in US electricity power systems. Each section contains related text and tables and refers the reader to the appropriate publication that contains more detailed data on the subject matter. Monetary values in this publication are expressed in nominal terms.

  4. Foucault's Ethics of Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Kirk

    Foucault's Ethics of Power Kirk Wolf Delia College 1. I n t r o d u c t i o n Since Foucaull 's death in 19K4, his interpreters have generally located his importance in his genealogical critiques and in his phi­ losophy ofpower. On the one hand... critiques and his views on power remains a matter of dispute, for Foucault neither expressly states a program of critique, nor clearly articulates an account of power. The pur­ pose of this paper, then, is to establish the relationship between...

  5. Salazar on private power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, J.

    1995-02-01

    The Philipines power market, considered one of the more mature markets in Asia, continues to expand with economic growth. Independent power producers will find opportunities in the next few years as new additions are required. Currently, the government is encouraging private investment and is awaiting feedback from financiers as it considers eliminating its government guarantee. In a recent interview, the Honorable Mariano S. Salazar, secretary of energy, with the Philippines` Department of Energy, discussed the regulatory structure, encouragement of private power and his country`s capital needs.

  6. Powering | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½ UniversityPowerSaverPowering

  7. Assessment of radiological releases from the NuMI facility during MINOS and NOvA operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martens, Mike; /Fermilab

    2007-04-01

    This report makes projections of the radiological releases from the NuMI facility during operations for the MINOS and NO ?A experiments. It includes an estimate of the radionuclide levels released into the atmosphere and the estimated tritium and sodium-22 concentrations in the NuMI sump water and Fermilab pond system. The analysis was performed for NuMI operations with a beam power on target increased from the present 400 kW design up to a possible 1500 kW with future upgrades. The total number of protons on target was assumed to be 18 x 10{sup 20} after the completion of MINOS and 78 x 10{sup 20} after the completion of NO ?A.

  8. Power control system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steigerwald, Robert Louis (Burnt Hills, NY) [Burnt Hills, NY; Anderson, Todd Alan (Niskayuna, NY) [Niskayuna, NY

    2008-02-19

    A power system includes an energy harvesting device, a battery coupled to the energy harvesting device, and a circuit coupled to the energy harvesting device and the battery. The circuit is adapted to deliver power to a load by providing power generated by the energy harvesting device to the load without delivering excess power to the battery and to supplement the power generated by the energy harvesting device with power from the battery if the power generated by the energy harvesting device is insufficient to fully power the load. A method of operating the power system is also provided.

  9. Power control system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steigerwald, Robert Louis; Anderson, Todd Alan

    2006-11-07

    A power system includes an energy harvesting device, a battery coupled to the energy harvesting device, and a circuit coupled to the energy harvesting device and the battery. The circuit is adapted to deliver power to a load by providing power generated by the energy harvesting device to the load without delivering excess power to the battery and to supplement the power generated by the energy harvesting device with power from the battery if the power generated by the energy harvesting device is insufficient to fully power the load. A method of operating the power system is also provided.

  10. POWER CENTRALIZED SEMIGROUPS PRIMOZ MORAVEC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POWER CENTRALIZED SEMIGROUPS PRIMOZ MORAVEC Abstract. A semigroup is said to be power centralized if for every pair of elements x and y there exists a power of x commuting with y. The structure of power centralized groups and semigroups is investigated. In particular, we characterize 0-simple power centralized

  11. Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    #12;Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Power;Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Reflector material is Aluminum or Silver Tube material ..... Several possible gauges, gas sensors. Light-emitting diodes (LED's) Power amplifiers for cell phones Indium Gallium #12

  12. How Power is Lost: Illusions of Alliance Among the Powerful

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brion, Sebastien

    2010-01-01

    P. M. (1964). Exchange and power in social life. New York:Press. Boeker, W. (1992). Power and managerial dismissal -J. F. Dovidio (Eds. ), Power, Dominance, and Non-verbal

  13. How Power is Lost: Illusions of Alliance Among the Powerful

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brion, Sebastien

    2010-01-01

    The authors found that power led individuals to cheat moreaddress the extent to which power led to overestimations ofthe extent to which power led to illusions of alliance, an

  14. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * Machine shop * LH lab * Power systems and computer shop * Diagnostics setup lab * Welding shop 5 Year 513-514 2003 Some C-Mod Specific Instrumentation * 360 TF joint...

  15. Mesofluidic magnetohydrodynamic power generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fucetola, Jay J

    2012-01-01

    Much of the previous research into magnetohydrodynamics has involved large-scale systems. This thesis explores the miniaturization and use of devices to convert the power dissipated within an expanding gas flow into ...

  16. Power Quality Implications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilson, D.

    1989-01-01

    Electric utilities in the United States spend in excess of one billion dollars annually to maintain or improve the quality of electric power supplied to their customers. Yet, an increasing and alarming number of complaints are being voiced...

  17. Lesson Plan: Power Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power Metering Project Grades: 9-12 Topic: Energy Basics Owner: ACTS This educational material is brought to you by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and...

  18. Power Factor Improvement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viljoen, T. A.

    1979-01-01

    and disadvantages of various locations in the electrical network are described including the cost of installation and network capacity improvement. Sizing of capacitors is also covered. Finally, some case studies involving power factor improvement are presented...

  19. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and Guy Sliker * NGK - Hiroyuke Abe * EPRI funders (Con Edison, CPS Energy, HECO, Hydro One, NYISO, SDG&E, and TVA) 3 2009 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All...

  20. Linear Motor Powered Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Richard D.

    This special issue on linear-motor powered transportation covers both supporting technologies and innovative transport systems in various parts of the World, as this technology moves from the lab to commercial operations. ...

  1. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    cable & conductor into 2,000 ft coiled tubing World first high power laser hardware (optics package & fiber connector) tested to >5,000 psi Achieving target requires "world...

  2. Crowd-powered systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Michael Scott

    2012-01-01

    Crowd-powered systems combine computation with human intelligence, drawn from large groups of people connecting and coordinating online. These hybrid systems enable applications and experiences that neither crowds nor ...

  3. Reducing Power Factor Cost

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Before PF 100142 0.70 or 70% After PF 100105 0.95 or 95% PB References: B.C. Hydro. Power Factor. The GEM Series. October 1989. Commonwealth Sprague Capacitor, Inc....

  4. GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION PLANT

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project objectives: Drilling a deep geothermal well on the Oregon Institute of Technology campus, Klamath Falls, OR. Constructing a geothermal power plant on the Oregon Institute of Technology campus.

  5. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    "Online Sensor Calibration Assessment in Nuclear Power Systems," Invited paper, IEEE I&M Magazine 16(3):32-37, 2013. doi: 10.1109MIM.2013.6521132 "Advanced algorithms...

  6. Wind Power FAQ

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Why was the time stamp on my first wind explorer data chip incorrect? ANSWER: You need to program the proper date and time in the wind...

  7. Kenneth W. Powers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Kenneth W. Powers, a member of the Senior Executive Service, is the Associate Administrator for Management and Budget.  As Associate Administrator, he is responsible for managing NNSA’s...

  8. PowerOptions RFP

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PowerOptions seeks proposals from qualified and experienced renewable energy project developers interested in providing renewable energy and Renewable Energy Credit (RECs) generated from renewable energy projects located in or deliverable to the ISO-NE.

  9. Power System Dispatcher

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As a Power System Dispatcher, you will be working in the Operations Center in Springfield, Missouri as part of the Division of Scheduling & Operations, Office of Corporate Operations. You will...

  10. GMP Solar Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Green Mountain Power, an investor-owned electric utility operating in Vermont, offers a credit to customers with net-metered photovoltaic (PV) systems. In addition to the benefits of net metering,...

  11. PowerPoint Presentation

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to revolutionize the energy efficiency of electric power control and conversion 27 50% Lower Cost Using 75% Less Energy And reuse or recycle >95% of the material Objective Develop...

  12. Structural power flow measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Falter, K.J.; Keltie, R.F.

    1988-12-01

    Previous investigations of structural power flow through beam-like structures resulted in some unexplained anomalies in the calculated data. In order to develop structural power flow measurement as a viable technique for machine tool design, the causes of these anomalies needed to be found. Once found, techniques for eliminating the errors could be developed. Error sources were found in the experimental apparatus itself as well as in the instrumentation. Although flexural waves are the carriers of power in the experimental apparatus, at some frequencies longitudinal waves were excited which were picked up by the accelerometers and altered power measurements. Errors were found in the phase and gain response of the sensors and amplifiers used for measurement. A transfer function correction technique was employed to compensate for these instrumentation errors.

  13. Wind Power Today

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2006-05-01

    Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program.

  14. Glucose-powered neuroelectronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapoport, Benjamin Isaac

    2011-01-01

    A holy grail of bioelectronics is to engineer biologically implantable systems that can be embedded without disturbing their local environments, while harvesting from their surroundings all of the power they require. As ...

  15. Bonneville Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In reply refer to: PGPO Renata Kurschner Director, Generation Resource Management BC Hydro and Power Authority 691 1 Southpoint Drive, El5 Burnaby, B.C., Canada V3N 4 x 8 Dear...

  16. Renewable Power Procurement Policy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New York Governor George Pataki signed Executive Order No. 111 to promote "Green and Clean" State Buildings and Vehicles on June 10, 2001. The renewable-power procurement component of this order...

  17. Reactive power compensator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A. (Renton, WA); Venkata, Subrahmanyam S. (Woodinville, WA); Chen, Mingliang (Kirkland, WA); Andexler, George (Everett, WA); Huang, Tony (Seattle, WA)

    1992-01-01

    A system and method for determining and providing reactive power compensation for an inductive load. A reactive power compensator (50,50') monitors the voltage and current flowing through each of three distribution lines (52a, 52b, 52c), which are supplying three-phase power to one or more inductive loads. Using signals indicative of the current on each of these lines when the voltage waveform on the line crosses zero, the reactive power compensator determines a reactive power compensator capacitance that must be connected to the lines to maintain a desired VAR level, power factor, or line voltage. Alternatively, an operator can manually select a specific capacitance for connection to each line, or the capacitance can be selected based on a time schedule. The reactive power compensator produces control signals, which are coupled through optical fibers (102/106) to a switch driver (110, 110') to select specific compensation capacitors (112) for connections to each line. The switch driver develops triggering signals that are supplied to a plurality of series-connected solid state switches (350), which control charge current in one direction in respect to ground for each compensation capacitor. During each cycle, current flows from ground to charge the capacitors as the voltage on the line begins to go negative from its positive peak value. The triggering signals are applied to gate the solid state switches into a conducting state when the potential on the lines and on the capacitors reaches a negative peak value, thereby minimizing both the potential difference and across the charge current through the switches when they begin to conduct. Any harmonic distortion on the potential and current carried by the lines is filtered out from the current and potential signals used by the reactive power compensator so that it does not affect the determination of the required reactive compensation.

  18. Reactive Power Compensator.

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    El-Sharkawi, M.A.; Venkata, S.S.; Chen, M.; Andexler, G.; Huang, T.

    1992-07-28

    A system and method for determining and providing reactive power compensation for an inductive load. A reactive power compensator (50,50') monitors the voltage and current flowing through each of three distribution lines (52a, 52b, 52c), which are supplying three-phase power to one or more inductive loads. Using signals indicative of the current on each of these lines when the voltage waveform on the line crosses zero, the reactive power compensator determines a reactive power compensator capacitance that must be connected to the lines to maintain a desired VAR level, power factor, or line voltage. Alternatively, an operator can manually select a specific capacitance for connection to each line, or the capacitance can be selected based on a time schedule. The reactive power compensator produces control signals, which are coupled through optical fibers (102/106) to a switch driver (110, 110') to select specific compensation capacitors (112) for connections to each line. The switch driver develops triggering signals that are supplied to a plurality of series-connected solid state switches (350), which control charge current in one direction in respect to ground for each compensation capacitor. During each cycle, current flows from ground to charge the capacitors as the voltage on the line begins to go negative from its positive peak value. The triggering signals are applied to gate the solid state switches into a conducting state when the potential on the lines and on the capacitors reaches a negative peak value, thereby minimizing both the potential difference and across the charge current through the switches when they begin to conduct. Any harmonic distortion on the potential and current carried by the lines is filtered out from the current and potential signals used by the reactive power compensator so that it does not affect the determination of the required reactive compensation. 26 figs.

  19. Lease of Power Privilege Flowchart: Lease of Power Privilege...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lease of Power Privilege Flowchart: Lease of Power Privilege Contract through End of Construction Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Permitting...

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - Vicksburg District Federal Power Projects...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Federal Power Projects Vicksburg District Federal Power Projects Blakely Mountain Hydro DeGray Hydro DeGray Hydro Narrows Hydro Blakely Mountain Rewind Unit 1 ll Rotor...

  1. Silicon Valley Power and Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority Win...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    for steadily building its renewable energy portfolio in an effort to support its members' green power initiatives. More than a decade ago, OMPA became the first commercial power...

  2. Index Terms --Smart grid; power engineering education; power engineering curriculum; power engineering re-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Index Terms -- Smart grid; power engineering education; power engineering curriculum; power engineering re- sources; power engineering workforce. Abstract -- A widely supported effort to modernize the United States power system has led to an engineering initiative va- riously known as `smart grid

  3. Studies in Power Quality Success 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laan, B. A.

    2000-01-01

    The California Energy Commission is actively supporting research and development to improve power quality. Poor power quality can result in productivity losses and compromise safety. Dealing with power quality problems when they arise can solve...

  4. Execution Version POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    ") and BLUEWATER WIND DELAWARE LLC ("Seller") June 23, 2008 #12;Execution Version POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT TableExecution Version POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT between DELMARVA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY ("Buyer 3.5 Energy Forecasts, Scheduling and Balancing.......................................... 40 3

  5. Power network analysis and optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wanping

    2009-01-01

    and J. N. Kozhaya, “Fast power grid simulation,” in Proc.C. Chen, “Efficient large-scale power grid analysis based onare connected between power grid nodes and the ground. Time-

  6. Light Curves of Core-Collapse Supernovae with Substantial Mass Loss using the New Open-Source SuperNova Explosion Code (SNEC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morozova, V; Renzo, M; Ott, C D; Clausen, D; Couch, S M; Ellis, J; Roberts, L F

    2015-01-01

    We present the SuperNova Explosion Code SNEC, an open-source Lagrangian code for the hydrodynamics and equilibrium-diffusion radiation transport in the expanding envelopes of supernovae. Given a model of a progenitor star, an explosion energy, and an amount and distribution of radioactive nickel, SNEC generates the bolometric light curve, as well as the light curves in different wavelength bands assuming black body emission. As a first application of SNEC, we consider the explosions of a grid of 15 Msun (at zero-age main sequence) stars whose hydrogen envelopes are stripped to different extents and at different points in their evolution. The resulting light curves exhibit plateaus with durations of ~20-100 days if >~1.5-2 Msun of hydrogen-rich material is left and no plateau if less hydrogen-rich material is left. The shorter plateau lengths are unlike the Type IIP supernova light curves typically observed in nature. This suggests that, at least for zero-age main sequence masses <~ 20 Msun, hydrogen mass l...

  7. Multi-wavelength Light Curve Model of the One-year Recurrence Period Nova M31N 2008-12a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kato, Mariko; Hachisu, Izumi

    2015-01-01

    We present a theoretical light curve model of the recurrent nova M31N 2008-12a, the current record holder for the shortest recurrence period (1 yr). We combined interior structures calculated using a Henyey-type evolution code with optically thick wind solutions of hydrogen-rich envelopes, which give the proper mass-loss rates, photospheric temperatures, and luminosities. The light curve model is calculated for a 1.38 M_sun white dwarf (WD) with an accretion rate of 1.6 \\times 10^{-7} M_sun yr^{-1}. This model shows a very high effective temperature (log T_ph (K) \\geq 4.97) and a very small wind mass-loss rate (\\dot M_wind \\leq 9.3 \\times 10^{-6} M_sun yr^{-1}) even at the maximum expansion of the photosphere. These properties are consistent with the faint optical peak of M31N 2008-12a because the brightness of the free-free emission is proportional to the square of the mass-loss rate. The model well reproduces the short supersoft X-ray turn-on time of 6 days and turnoff time of 18 days after the outburst. Th...

  8. Power network analysis and optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wanping

    2009-01-01

    chip power supply network optimization using multigrid-basedchip decoupling capacitor optimization for high- performanceSapatnekar, “Analysis and optimization of structured power/

  9. Power System Dispatcher (Technical Writer)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    (See Frequently Asked Questions for more information). Where would I be working? Western Area Power Administration Rocky Mountain Region Power System Operations Operations Reliability and Balancing...

  10. Supervisory Physical Scientist (Power Operations)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This position is located in Duty Scheduling (PGSD), Generation Scheduling (PGS), Power Services (P), Bonneville Power Administration. Duty Scheduling provides 24-hour coverage of the real-time...

  11. QM Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PROJECT OBJECTIVE QM Power's Q-Sync(tm) is an innovative, highly efficient and cost effective motor technology. Utilizing DoE SBIR funding, QM Power has developed...

  12. Automating power supply checkout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laster, J.; Bruno, D.; D'Ottavio, T.; Drozd, J.; Marr, G.; Mi, C.

    2011-03-28

    Power Supply checkout is a necessary, pre-beam, time-critical function. At odds are the desire to decrease the amount of time to perform the checkout while at the same time maximizing the number and types of checks that can be performed and analyzing the results quickly (in case any problems exist that must be addressed). Controls and Power Supply Group personnel have worked together to develop tools to accomplish these goals. Power Supply checkouts are now accomplished in a time-frame of hours rather than days, reducing the number of person-hours needed to accomplish the checkout and making the system available more quickly for beam development. The goal of the Collider-Accelerator Department (CAD) at Brookhaven National Laboratory is to provide experimenters with collisions of heavy-ions and polarized protons. The Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) magnets are controlled by 100's of varying types of power supplies. There is a concentrated effort to perform routine maintenance on the supplies during shutdown periods. There is an effort at RHIC to streamline the time needed for system checkout in order to quickly arrive at a period of beam operations for RHIC. This time-critical period is when the checkout of the power supplies is performed as the RHIC ring becomes cold and the supplies are connected to their physical magnets. The checkout process is used to identify problems in voltage and current regulation by examining data signals related to each for problems in settling and regulation (ripple).

  13. High power connection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Christopher E. (Warren, OH); Beer, Robert C. (Noblesville, IN); McCall, Mark D. (Youngstown, OH)

    2000-01-01

    A high power connection system adapted for automotive environments which provides environmental and EMI shielding includes a female connector, a male connector, and a panel mount. The female connector includes a female connector base and a snap fitted female connector cover. The male connector includes a male connector base and a snap fitted male connector cover. The female connector base has at least one female power terminal cavity for seatably receiving a respective female power terminal. The male connector base has at least one male power terminal cavity for seatably receiving a respective male power terminal. The female connector is covered by a cover seal and a conductive shroud. A pair of lock arms protrude outward from the front end of the male connector base, pass through the panel mount and interface with a lever of a lever rotatably connected to the shroud to thereby mechanically assist mating of the male and female connectors. Safety terminals in the male and female connectors provide a last-to-connect-first-to-break connection with an HVIL circuit.

  14. Electronic power conditioning for dynamic power conversion in high-power space systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James Michael

    1991-01-01

    power conversion allows for improved methods of power conditioning. A block diagram of one such system that uses dynamic power conversion is shown in Fig. 4. The blocks labeled Energy Source, Primary Heat Rejection, snd User's Load are the same...ELECTRONIC POWER CONDITIONING FOR DYNAMIC POWER CONVERSION IN HIGH ? POWER SPACE SYSTEMS A Thesis by JAMES MICHAEL HANSEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  15. Photonic-powered cable assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanderson, Stephen N.; Appel, Titus James; Wrye, IV, Walter C.

    2013-01-22

    A photonic-cable assembly includes a power source cable connector ("PSCC") coupled to a power receive cable connector ("PRCC") via a fiber cable. The PSCC electrically connects to a first electronic device and houses a photonic power source and an optical data transmitter. The fiber cable includes an optical transmit data path coupled to the optical data transmitter, an optical power path coupled to the photonic power source, and an optical feedback path coupled to provide feedback control to the photonic power source. The PRCC electrically connects to a second electronic device and houses an optical data receiver coupled to the optical transmit data path, a feedback controller coupled to the optical feedback path to control the photonic power source, and a photonic power converter coupled to the optical power path to convert photonic energy received over the optical power path to electrical energy to power components of the PRCC.

  16. Photonic-powered cable assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanderson, Stephen N; Appel, Titus James; Wrye, IV, Walter C

    2014-06-24

    A photonic-cable assembly includes a power source cable connector ("PSCC") coupled to a power receive cable connector ("PRCC") via a fiber cable. The PSCC electrically connects to a first electronic device and houses a photonic power source and an optical data transmitter. The fiber cable includes an optical transmit data path coupled to the optical data transmitter, an optical power path coupled to the photonic power source, and an optical feedback path coupled to provide feedback control to the photonic power source. The PRCC electrically connects to a second electronic device and houses an optical data receiver coupled to the optical transmit data path, a feedback controller coupled to the optical feedback path to control the photonic power source, and a photonic power converter coupled to the optical power path to convert photonic energy received over the optical power path to electrical energy to power components of the PRCC.

  17. Distributed Power Delivery for Energy Efficient and Low Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Eby G.

    Distributed Power Delivery for Energy Efficient and Low Power Systems Selc¸uk K¨ose Department are needed to determine the location of these on-chip power supplies and decoupling capacitors. In this paper, the optimal location of the power supplies and decoupling capacitors is determined for different size

  18. Running Head: TESTOSTERONE AND POWER Testosterone and power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultheiss, Oliver C.

    Running Head: TESTOSTERONE AND POWER Testosterone and power Steven J. Stanton and Oliver C. Schultheiss University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA To appear in: K. Dowding (Ed.), Encyclopedia of power-647-9440, email: stantons@umich.edu #12;Testosterone and power 2 Across many studies in humans, two functional

  19. Preventing power outages Power system contingency analysis on the GPU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuik, Kees

    problem. Moreover, the power system has to keep functioning properly even when a transmission line failsPreventing power outages Power system contingency analysis on the GPU To provide electricity generators, nuclear power plants, wind turbines, etc.) and a network of lines and cables to transmit

  20. Power Systems Development Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Southern Company Services

    2009-01-31

    In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, has routinely demonstrated gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This final report summarizes the results of the technology development work conducted at the PSDF through January 31, 2009. Twenty-one major gasification test campaigns were completed, for a total of more than 11,000 hours of gasification operation. This operational experience has led to significant advancements in gasification technologies.

  1. Powered protrusion cutter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bzorgi, Fariborz M. (Knoxville, TN)

    2010-03-09

    An apparatus for clipping a protrusion of material is provided. The protrusion may, for example, be a bolt head, a nut, a rivet, a weld bead, or a temporary assembly alignment tab protruding from a substrate surface of assembled components. The apparatus typically includes a cleaver having a cleaving edge and a cutting blade having a cutting edge. Generally, a mounting structure configured to confine the cleaver and the cutting blade and permit a range of relative movement between the cleaving edge and the cutting edge is provided. Also typically included is a power device coupled to the cutting blade. The power device is configured to move the cutting edge toward the cleaving edge. In some embodiments the power device is activated by a momentary switch. A retraction device is also generally provided, where the retraction device is configured to move the cutting edge away from the cleaving edge.

  2. Power converter connection configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beihoff, Bruce C. (Wauwatosa, WI); Kehl, Dennis L. (Milwaukee, WI); Gettelfinger, Lee A. (Brown Deer, WI); Kaishian, Steven C. (Milwaukee, WI); Phillips, Mark G. (Brookfield, WI); Radosevich, Lawrence D. (Muskego, WI)

    2008-11-11

    EMI shielding is provided for power electronics circuits and the like via a direct-mount reference plane support and shielding structure. The thermal support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support forms a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

  3. Power line detection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Latorre, V.R.; Watwood, D.B.

    1994-09-27

    A short-range, radio frequency (RF) transmitting-receiving system that provides both visual and audio warnings to the pilot of a helicopter or light aircraft of an up-coming power transmission line complex. Small, milliwatt-level narrowband transmitters, powered by the transmission line itself, are installed on top of selected transmission line support towers or within existing warning balls, and provide a continuous RF signal to approaching aircraft. The on-board receiver can be either a separate unit or a portion of the existing avionics, and can also share an existing antenna with another airborne system. Upon receipt of a warning signal, the receiver will trigger a visual and an audio alarm to alert the pilot to the potential power line hazard. 4 figs.

  4. Qualification for PowerInsight accuracy of power measurements.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeBonis, David; Laros, James H.,; Pedretti, Kevin Thomas Tauke

    2013-11-01

    Accuracy of component based power measuring devices forms a necessary basis for research in the area of power-e cient and power-aware computing. The accuracy of these devices must be quanti ed within a reasonable tolerance. This study focuses on PowerInsight, an out- of-band embedded measuring device which takes readings of power rails on compute nodes within a HPC system in realtime. We quantify how well the device performs in comparison to a digital oscilloscope as well as PowerMon2. We show that the accuracy is within a 6% deviation on measurements under reasonable load.

  5. Cut Your Power Bills 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwood, R. W.

    1979-01-01

    CUT YOUR POWER BILLS Ralph W. Greenwood Manager, Electric Po\\yer & Steam Supply Union Carbide Corporation INTRODUCTION Electric power bills can often be reduced by careful attention to the inter-relationship between your plant operations... of work and determines the amount of fuel the utility must burn. One kW equals 3413 BTU. ~ hr. Before we analyze how a rate interacts with a customer's load profile, we need to see how a rate is con structed. Rate Design Custome~ Demand and Energy...

  6. RF power generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, R G

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews the main types of r.f. power amplifiers which are, or may be, used for particle accelerators. It covers solid-state devices, tetrodes, inductive output tubes, klystrons, magnetrons, and gyrotrons with power outputs greater than 10 kW c.w. or 100 kW pulsed at frequencies from 50 MHz to 30 GHz. Factors affecting the satisfactory operation of amplifiers include cooling, matching and protection circuits are discussed. The paper concludes with a summary of the state of the art for the different technologies.

  7. Power electronics cooling apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanger, Philip Albert (Monroeville, PA); Lindberg, Frank A. (Baltimore, MD); Garcen, Walter (Glen Burnie, MD)

    2000-01-01

    A semiconductor cooling arrangement wherein a semiconductor is affixed to a thermally and electrically conducting carrier such as by brazing. The coefficient of thermal expansion of the semiconductor and carrier are closely matched to one another so that during operation they will not be overstressed mechanically due to thermal cycling. Electrical connection is made to the semiconductor and carrier, and a porous metal heat exchanger is thermally connected to the carrier. The heat exchanger is positioned within an electrically insulating cooling assembly having cooling oil flowing therethrough. The arrangement is particularly well adapted for the cooling of high power switching elements in a power bridge.

  8. Concentrated Thermoelectric Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This fact sheet describes a concentrated solar hydroelectric power project awarded under the DOE's 2012 SunShot Concentrating Solar Power R&D award program. The team, led by MIT, is working to demonstrate concentrating solar thermoelectric generators with >10% solar-to-electrical energy conversion efficiency while limiting optical concentration to less than a factor of 10 and potentially less than 4. When combined with thermal storage, CSTEGs have the potential to provide electricity day and night using no moving parts at both the utility and distributed scale.

  9. Current Power Rates

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding in ActinideRail betweenProtectionCurrentJobPower-Rates

  10. Power Prepay Next Steps:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w w w.pv - te ch.orgPower Plant

  11. Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zack

    2010-01-01

    ASSESSMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER SYSTEM “PREMIUM POWER”Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power1 The Pacific Region Combined Heat and Power Application

  12. Sandia Energy - Conventional Water Power: Market Acceleration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Market Acceleration Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Water Power Conventional Water Power: Market Acceleration Conventional Water Power: Market AccelerationTara...

  13. Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System:...

  14. Power Systems Engineer | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    technical support and assistance on complicated Power System electrical, electronic and control systems. Knowledge of AC Power, power conversion, DC circuits, motors, power...

  15. Adaptive architectures for peak power management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kontorinis, Vasileios

    2013-01-01

    targeted at the average power), saving wall power. Realisticassociated costs like wall-power cost, cooling, and powertranslates to reduced wall power costs, that is lower elec-

  16. Federal Incentives for Water Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-05

    This factsheet lists the major federal incentives for water power technologies available as of April 2013.

  17. Hierarchical Adaptive Dynamic Power Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yuanzhu Peter

    life by switching devices to lower-power modes when there is a reduced demand for service. Static power (MDPs). The power manager then switches online among these policies to accommodate the stochastic mode-switching rate of the nonstationary request process. Index Terms--Low-power design, hierarchical modeling

  18. Power marketing and renewable energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.M.

    1997-09-01

    Power marketing refers to wholesale and retail transactions of electric power made by companies other than public power entities and the regulated utilities that own the generation and distribution lines. The growth in power marketing has been a major development in the electric power industry during the last few years, and power marketers are expected to realize even more market opportunities as electric industry deregulation proceeds from wholesale competition to retail competition. This Topical Issues Brief examines the nature of the power marketing business and its relationship with renewable power. The information presented is based on interviews conducted with nine power marketing companies, which accounted for almost 54% of total power sales by power marketers in 1995. These interviews provided information on various viewpoints of power marketers, their experience with renewables, and their respective outlooks for including renewables in their resource portfolios. Some basic differences exist between wholesale and retail competition that should be recognized when discussing power marketing and renewable power. At the wholesale level, the majority of power marketers stress the commodity nature of electricity. The primary criteria for developing resource portfolios are the same as those of their wholesale customers: the cost and reliability of power supplies. At the retail level, electricity may be viewed as a product that includes value-added characteristics or services determined by customer preferences.

  19. ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cairns, Elton J.; Hietbrink, Earl H.

    1981-01-01

    This section includes some historical background of the rise and fall and subsequent rebirth of the electric vehicle; and a brief discussion of current transportation needs, and environmental and energy utilization issues that resulted in the renewed interest in applying electrochemical energy conversion technology to electric vehicle applications. Although energy utilization has evolved to be the most significant and important issue, the environmental issue will be discussed first in this section only because of its chronological occurrence. The next part of the chapter is a review of passenger and commercial electric vehicle technology with emphasis on vehicle design and demonstrated performance of vehicles with candidate power sources being developed. This is followed by a discussion of electrochemical power source requirements associated with future electric vehicles that can play a role in meeting modern transportation needs. The last part of the chapter includes first a discussion of how to identify candidate electrochemical systems that might be of interest in meeting electric vehicle power source requirements. This is then followed by a review of the current technological status of these systems and a discussion of the most significant problems that must be resolved before each candidate system can be a viable power source.

  20. High Power Cryogenic Targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregory Smith

    2011-08-01

    The development of high power cryogenic targets for use in parity violating electron scattering has been a crucial ingredient in the success of those experiments. As we chase the precision frontier, the demands and requirements for these targets have grown accordingly. We discuss the state of the art, and describe recent developments and strategies in the design of the next generation of these targets.

  1. Reactive Power Compensating System.

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, Timothy J.; El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A.; Venkata, Subrahmanyam S.

    1985-01-04

    The circuit was designed for the specific application of wind-driven induction generators. It has great potential for application in any situation where a varying reactive power load is present, such as with induction motors or generators, or for transmission network compensation.

  2. Concentrating Solar Power Basics

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies use mirrors to reflect and concentrate sunlight onto receivers that collect solar energy and convert it to heat. This thermal energy can then be used to produce electricity via a steam turbine or heat engine that drives a generator.

  3. Capacity Demand Power (GW)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Capacity Demand Power (GW) Hour of the Day The "Dip" Electricity Demand in Electricity Demand Every weekday, Japan's electricity use dips about 6 GW at 12 but it also shows that: · Behavior affects naHonal electricity use in unexpected ways

  4. Pig Poop Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-04-11

    Broadcast Transcript: What could be more fitting in the Year of the Pig than to turn to the pig for power? And that's what is happening here in South Korea. In an effort to develop environmentally friendly, renewable energy sources, the South...

  5. About sponsorship Fusion power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    About sponsorship Fusion power Nuclear ambitions Jun 30th 2005 From The Economist print edition project to build a nuclear-fusion reactor came a step closer to reality when politicians agreed it should century, fusion advocates have claimed that achieving commercial nuclear fusion is 30 years away

  6. Reactive power compensating system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, Timothy J. (Redondo Beach, CA); El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A. (Renton, WA); Venkata, Subrahmanyam S. (Seattle, WA)

    1987-01-01

    The reactive power of an induction machine is compensated by providing fixed capacitors on each phase line for the minimum compensation required, sensing the current on one line at the time its voltage crosses zero to determine the actual compensation required for each phase, and selecting switched capacitors on each line to provide the balance of the compensation required.

  7. Wireless adiabatic power transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Rangelov; H. Suchowski; Y. Silberberg; N. V. Vitanov

    2010-10-30

    We propose a technique for efficient mid-range wireless power transfer between two coils, by adapting the process of adiabatic passage for a coherently driven two-state quantum system to the realm of wireless energy transfer. The proposed technique is shown to be robust to noise, resonant constraints, and other interferences that exist in the neighborhood of the coils.

  8. Bottle Rock Power Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power Plant and Steamfield during suspended operations of the geothermal facility in accordance). That Order was extended to DWR and that extension expired on 26 April 2001. On 30 May 2001, the CEC approved for calendar years 2001, 2002, and 2003. The BRPC has also submitted the requisite annual reports for those

  9. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to EN Board April 24, 2014 1 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Energy Northwest and Bonneville Power Recent Pricing On April 9 th , Energy Northwest...

  10. Wireless Power Transfer

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-11-19

    Wireless Power Transfer is an innovative approach using magnetic resonance coupling of air core transformers designed for today's growing plug-in electric vehicle market. This technology can provide a convenient, safe and flexible means to charge electric vehicles under stationary and dynamic conditions. Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) are burdened by the need for cable and plug charger, galvanic isolation of the on-board electronics, bulk and cost of this charger and the large energy storage system (ESS) packs needed. With a system where you have to physically plug in there are a number of occasions where the owner could very well forget to charge the vehicle. For stationary applications (like charging of a PHEV at home), ORNL's innovative wireless power transfer technology adds a convenience factor compared to actually plugging in which will mean that the vehicle will have a full charge every morning. Electric vehicle charging must be safe, compact and efficient in order to be convenient for customers. By reconfiguring the transformer and altering the resonance frequency, energy is transferred to the battery with lower energy losses and with fewer demands on the primary circuit by the rest of the transformer system. The ORNL discovery shows that sufficient power for the battery can be transferred from the primary to secondary circuits without significant energy losses if the operating frequency is set at 50% to 95% of the resonance frequency of the circuit. The electrical power is then transmitted to the chargeable battery, which is electrically coupled to the secondary circuit through the air core transformer. Some advantages include: Reduced energy losses during transfer of energy to the battery; A charge potential that is relatively unaffected by up to 25% misalignment of vehicle; and Other receiving components draw less power from the primary circuit. These advantages allow wireless power technology applications to expand at the workplace and beyond as the demand for EV rises. For vehicles that operate over a fixed route such as busses and shuttle vehicles, Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) means that a smaller battery pack can be used. In the traditional system, the battery pack is designed to accommodate the needs of the entire route or shift. With WPT the battery can be downsized because it can be charged when the vehicle stops on its route (a rental car shuttle bus, for example, can charge when it waits in the terminal and again when it waits at the rental car place. Thus the battery only needs enough charge to get to the next stop. This decrease in battery size means significant cost savings to electrify the vehicle. This technology enables efficient "opportunity charging stations" for predefined routes and planned stops reducing down time. Charging can occur in minutes. This improvement also eliminates the harmful emissions that occur in garages while buses are at idle during charging. In larger cities, dynamic charging offers an even greater impact utilizing existing infrastructure. As vehicles travel along busy freeways and interstate systems, wireless charging can occur while the vehicle is in motion. With this technology a vehicle essentially has unlimited electric range while using a relatively small battery pack. In-motion charging stations use vehicle sensors to alert the driver. Traveling at normal speeds, sensors establish in-motion charging. WPT transmit pads sequentially energize to the negotiated power level based on vehicle speed and its requested charging energy. Lower power when vehicle speed is slow and much higher power for faster moving vehicles. Vehicle to Infrastructure communications (V2I) coordinates WPT charging level according to on-board battery pack state-of-charge. V2I activates the roadway transmit pads placing them in standby mode and negotiates charging fee based on prevailing grid rate and vehicle energy demand. Dynamic charging would allow electricity to supply a very large fraction of the energy for the transportation sector and reduce greatly petroleum consump

  11. Wireless Power Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-07-22

    Wireless Power Transfer is an innovative approach using magnetic resonance coupling of air core transformers designed for today's growing plug-in electric vehicle market. This technology can provide a convenient, safe and flexible means to charge electric vehicles under stationary and dynamic conditions. Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) are burdened by the need for cable and plug charger, galvanic isolation of the on-board electronics, bulk and cost of this charger and the large energy storage system (ESS) packs needed. With a system where you have to physically plug in there are a number of occasions where the owner could very well forget to charge the vehicle. For stationary applications (like charging of a PHEV at home), ORNL's innovative wireless power transfer technology adds a convenience factor compared to actually plugging in which will mean that the vehicle will have a full charge every morning. Electric vehicle charging must be safe, compact and efficient in order to be convenient for customers. By reconfiguring the transformer and altering the resonance frequency, energy is transferred to the battery with lower energy losses and with fewer demands on the primary circuit by the rest of the transformer system. The ORNL discovery shows that sufficient power for the battery can be transferred from the primary to secondary circuits without significant energy losses if the operating frequency is set at 50% to 95% of the resonance frequency of the circuit. The electrical power is then transmitted to the chargeable battery, which is electrically coupled to the secondary circuit through the air core transformer. Some advantages include: Reduced energy losses during transfer of energy to the battery; A charge potential that is relatively unaffected by up to 25% misalignment of vehicle; and Other receiving components draw less power from the primary circuit. These advantages allow wireless power technology applications to expand at the workplace and beyond as the demand for EV rises. For vehicles that operate over a fixed route such as busses and shuttle vehicles, Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) means that a smaller battery pack can be used. In the traditional system, the battery pack is designed to accommodate the needs of the entire route or shift. With WPT the battery can be downsized because it can be charged when the vehicle stops on its route (a rental car shuttle bus, for example, can charge when it waits in the terminal and again when it waits at the rental car place. Thus the battery only needs enough charge to get to the next stop. This decrease in battery size means significant cost savings to electrify the vehicle. This technology enables efficient "opportunity charging stations" for predefined routes and planned stops reducing down time. Charging can occur in minutes. This improvement also eliminates the harmful emissions that occur in garages while buses are at idle during charging. In larger cities, dynamic charging offers an even greater impact utilizing existing infrastructure. As vehicles travel along busy freeways and interstate systems, wireless charging can occur while the vehicle is in motion. With this technology a vehicle essentially has unlimited electric range while using a relatively small battery pack. In-motion charging stations use vehicle sensors to alert the driver. Traveling at normal speeds, sensors establish in-motion charging. WPT transmit pads sequentially energize to the negotiated power level based on vehicle speed and its requested charging energy. Lower power when vehicle speed is slow and much higher power for faster moving vehicles. Vehicle to Infrastructure communications (V2I) coordinates WPT charging level according to on-board battery pack state-of-charge. V2I activates the roadway transmit pads placing them in standby mode and negotiates charging fee based on prevailing grid rate and vehicle energy demand. Dynamic charging would allow electricity to supply a very large fraction of the energy for the transportation sector and reduce greatly petroleum consump

  12. Fusion and Plasma Physics are at the Core of Nature's Most Powerful Self-Driven Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Duty Cycle/Repetition Rate The Grand Challenge, Science and Technology for Fusion Blanket Key polarized nuclei others? Spherical Inertial gravitational transient compression drive (laser-D/I, beam-D DIII-D JET FT ITER Ignitor, CIT, FIRE TFTR OmegaU direct drive Nova indirect drive Nova direct drive

  13. Fusion and Plasma Physics are at the Core of Nature's Most Powerful Self-Driven Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gain (Qp) · Fusion Energy Density · Duty Cycle/Repetition Rate The Grand Challenge, Science compression drive (laser-D/I, beam) radial profile time profile electrostatic #12;Plasma Requirements drive Nova indirect drive Nova direct drive Laser D-T #12;Comparison of Typical Plasma Parameters

  14. QUARK-NOVAE IN LOW-MASS X-RAY BINARIES. II. APPLICATION TO G87-7 AND TO GRB 110328A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ouyed, Rachid; Staff, Jan; Jaikumar, Prashanth

    2011-12-20

    We propose a simple model explaining two outstanding astrophysical problems related to compact objects: (1) that of stars such as G87-7 (alias EG 50) that constitute a class of relatively low-mass white dwarfs (WDs) which nevertheless fall away from the C/O composition and (2) that of GRB 110328A/Swift J164449.3+57345 which showed spectacularly long-lived strong X-ray flaring, posing a challenge to standard gamma-ray burst models. We argue that both these observations may have an explanation within the unified framework of a quark-nova (QN) occurring in a low-mass X-ray binary (LMXB; neutron star (NS)-WD). For LMXBs, where the binary separation is sufficiently tight, ejecta from the exploding NS triggers nuclear burning in the WD on impact, possibly leading to Fe-rich composition compact WDs with mass 0.43 M{sub Sun} < M{sub WD} < 0.72 M{sub Sun }, reminiscent of G87-7. Our results rely on the assumption, which ultimately needs to be tested by hydrodynamic and nucleosynthesis simulations, that under certain circumstances the WD can avoid the thermonuclear runaway. For heavier WDs (i.e., M{sub WD} > 0.72 M{sub Sun }) experiencing the QN shock, degeneracy will not be lifted when carbon burning begins, and a sub-Chandrasekhar Type Ia supernova may result in our model. Under slightly different conditions and for pure He WDs (i.e., M{sub WD} < 0.43 M{sub Sun }), the WD is ablated and its ashes raining down on the quark star (QS) leads to accretion-driven X-ray luminosity with energetics and duration reminiscent of GRB 110328A. We predict additional flaring activity toward the end of the accretion phase if the QS turns into a black hole.

  15. A self-consistent MoD-WM/MM structural refinement method: characterization of hydrogen bonding in the orytricha nova G-1uar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batista, Enrique R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Newcomer, Micharel B [YALE UNIV; Raggin, Christina M [YALE UNIV; Gascon, Jose A [YALE UNIV; Loria, J Patrick [YALE UNIV; Batista, Victor S [YALE UNIV

    2008-01-01

    This paper generalizes the MoD-QM/MM hybrid method, developed for ab initio computations of protein electrostatic potentials [Gasc6n, l.A.; Leung, S.S.F.; Batista, E.R.; Batista, V.S. J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2006,2, 175-186], as a practical algorithm for structural refinement of extended systems. The computational protocol involves a space-domain decomposition scheme for the formal fragmentation of extended systems into smaller, partially overlapping, molecular domains and the iterative self-consistent energy minimization of the constituent domains by relaxation of their geometry and electronic structure. The method accounts for mutual polarization of the molecular domains, modeled as Quantum-Mechanical (QM) layers embedded in the otherwise classical Molecular-Mechanics (MM) environment according to QM/MM hybrid methods. The method is applied to the description of benchmark models systems that allow for direct comparisons with full QM calculations, and subsequently applied to the structural characterization of the DNA Oxytricha nova Guanine quadruplex (G4). The resulting MoD-QM/MM structural model of the DNA G4 is compared to recently reported highresolution X-ray diffraction and NMR models, and partially validated by direct comparisons between {sup 1}H NMR chemical shifts that are highly sensitive to hydrogen-bonding and stacking interactions and the corresponding theoretical values obtained at the density functional theory DFT QM/MM (BH&H/6-31 G*:Amber) level in conjunction with the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) method for the ab initio self consistent-field (SCF) calculation of NMR chemical shifts.

  16. The powers of deconfinement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Megias,E.; Ruiz Arriola, E.; Megias, E.; Salcedo, L.L.

    2008-07-07

    The trace anomaly of gluodynamics encodes the breakdown of classical scale invariance due to interactions around the deconfinement phase transition. While it is expected that at high temperatures perturbation theory becomes applicable we show that current lattice calculations are far from the perturbative regime and are dominated instead by inverse even power corrections in the temperature, while the total perturbative contribution is estimated to be extremely small and compatible with zero within error bars. We provide an interpretation in terms of dimension-two gluon condensate of the dimensionally reduced theory which value agrees with a similar analysis of power corrections from available lattice data for the renormalized Polyakov loop and the heavy quark-antiquark free energy in the deconfined phase of QCD [1,2].

  17. Switching power supply

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mihalka, A.M.

    1984-06-05

    The invention is a repratable capacitor charging, switching power supply. A ferrite transformer steps up a dc input. The transformer primary is in a full bridge configuration utilizing power MOSFETs as the bridge switches. The transformer secondary is fed into a high voltage, full wave rectifier whose output is connected directly to the energy storage capacitor. The transformer is designed to provide adequate leakage inductance to limit capacitor current. The MOSFETs are switched to the variable frequency from 20 to 50 kHz to charge a capacitor from 0.6 kV. The peak current in a transformer primary and secondary is controlled by increasing the pulse width as the capacitor charges. A digital ripple counter counts pulses and after a preselected desired number is reached an up-counter is clocked.

  18. Oscillating fluid power generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morris, David C

    2014-02-25

    A system and method for harvesting the kinetic energy of a fluid flow for power generation with a vertically oriented, aerodynamic wing structure comprising one or more airfoil elements pivotably attached to a mast. When activated by the moving fluid stream, the wing structure oscillates back and forth, generating lift first in one direction then in the opposite direction. This oscillating movement is converted to unidirectional rotational movement in order to provide motive power to an electricity generator. Unlike other oscillating devices, this device is designed to harvest the maximum aerodynamic lift forces available for a given oscillation cycle. Because the system is not subjected to the same intense forces and stresses as turbine systems, it can be constructed less expensively, reducing the cost of electricity generation. The system can be grouped in more compact clusters, be less evident in the landscape, and present reduced risk to avian species.

  19. Hydrogen powered bus

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-11-22

    Take a ride on a new type of bus, fueled by hydrogen. These hydrogen taxis are part of a Department of Energy-funded deployment of hydrogen powered vehicles and fueling infrastructure at nine federal facilities across the country to demonstrate this market-ready advanced technology. Produced and leased by Ford Motor Company , they consist of one 12- passenger bus and one nine-passenger bus. More information at: http://go.usa.gov/Tgr

  20. Combustion powered linear actuator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gary J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-09-04

    The present invention provides robotic vehicles having wheeled and hopping mobilities that are capable of traversing (e.g. by hopping over) obstacles that are large in size relative to the robot and, are capable of operation in unpredictable terrain over long range. The present invention further provides combustion powered linear actuators, which can include latching mechanisms to facilitate pressurized fueling of the actuators, as can be used to provide wheeled vehicles with a hopping mobility.

  1. Powering Mars Rovers

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Stewert, Robin;

    2013-05-28

    INL scientists are doing their best to help solve our energy problems here on Earth. But did you know the lab is playing a key role in the exploration of other worlds, too? Meet INL Engineer Robin Stewart helps build and test generators that power NASA missions to Pluto and Mars. You can learn more about INL projects at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  2. Wind powering America: Vermont

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    2000-04-11

    Wind resources in the state of Vermont show great potential for wind energy development according to the wind resource assessment conducted by the state, its utilities, and NREL. This fact sheet provides a brief description of the resource assessment and a link to the resulting wind resource map produced by NREL. The fact sheet also provides a description of the state's net metering program, its financial incentives, and green power programs as well as a list of contacts for more information.

  3. Stirling engine power control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fraser, James P. (Scotia, NY)

    1983-01-01

    A power control method and apparatus for a Stirling engine including a valved duct connected to the junction of the regenerator and the cooler and running to a bypass chamber connected between the heater and the cylinder. An oscillating zone of demarcation between the hot and cold portions of the working gas is established in the bypass chamber, and the engine pistons and cylinders can run cold.

  4. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w w

  5. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w

  6. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.

  7. PowerPoint Presentation

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuilding energyDepartment ofof Energy ElectricPower

  8. PowerPoint Presentation

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuilding energyDepartment ofof Energy ElectricPowerUniversity

  9. Electric Power Monthly

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansas Nuclear ProfileMultiferroic Electric Field

  10. GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION PLANT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Tonya

    2013-12-01

    Oregon Institute of Technology (OIT) drilled a deep geothermal well on campus (to 5,300 feet deep) which produced 196oF resource as part of the 2008 OIT Congressionally Directed Project. OIT will construct a geothermal power plant (estimated at 1.75 MWe gross output). The plant would provide 50 to 75 percent of the electricity demand on campus. Technical support for construction and operations will be provided by OIT’s Geo-Heat Center. The power plant will be housed adjacent to the existing heat exchange building on the south east corner of campus near the existing geothermal production wells used for heating campus. Cooling water will be supplied from the nearby cold water wells to a cooling tower or air cooling may be used, depending upon the type of plant selected. Using the flow obtained from the deep well, not only can energy be generated from the power plant, but the “waste” water will also be used to supplement space heating on campus. A pipeline will be construction from the well to the heat exchanger building, and then a discharge line will be construction around the east and north side of campus for anticipated use of the “waste” water by facilities in an adjacent sustainable energy park. An injection well will need to be drilled to handle the flow, as the campus existing injection wells are limited in capacity.

  11. Powerful glow discharge excilamp

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tarasenko, Victor F. (Tomsk, RU); Panchenko, Aleksey N. (Tomsk, RU); Skakun, Victor S. (Tomsk, RU); Sosnin, Edward A. (Tomsk, RU); Wang, Francis T. (Danville, CA); Myers, Booth R. (Livermore, CA); Adamson, Martyn G. (Danville, CA)

    2002-01-01

    A powerful glow discharge lamp comprising two coaxial tubes, the outer tube being optically transparent, with a cathode and anode placed at opposite ends of the tubes, the space between the tubes being filled with working gas. The electrodes are made as cylindrical tumblers placed in line to one other in such a way that one end of the cathode is inserted into the inner tube, one end of the anode coaxially covers the end of the outer tube, the inner tube penetrating and extending through the anode. The increased electrodes' surface area increases glow discharge electron current and, correspondingly, average radiation power of discharge plasma. The inner tube contains at least one cooling liquid tube placed along the axis of the inner tube along the entire lamp length to provide cathode cooling. The anode has a circumferential heat extracting radiator which removes heat from the anode. The invention is related to lighting engineering and can be applied for realization of photostimulated processes under the action of powerful radiation in required spectral range.

  12. Commercial nuclear power 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-09-28

    This report presents the status at the end of 1989 and the outlook for commercial nuclear capacity and generation for all countries in the world with free market economies (FME). The report provides documentation of the US nuclear capacity and generation projections through 2030. The long-term projections of US nuclear capacity and generation are provided to the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) for use in estimating nuclear waste fund revenues and to aid in planning the disposal of nuclear waste. These projections also support the Energy Information Administration's annual report, Domestic Uranium Mining and Milling Industry: Viability Assessment, and are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The foreign nuclear capacity projections are used by the DOE uranium enrichment program in assessing potential markets for future enrichment contracts. The two major sections of this report discuss US and foreign commercial nuclear power. The US section (Chapters 2 and 3) deals with (1) the status of nuclear power as of the end of 1989; (2) projections of nuclear capacity and generation at 5-year intervals from 1990 through 2030; and (3) a discussion of institutional and technical issues that affect nuclear power. The nuclear capacity projections are discussed in terms of two projection periods: the intermediate term through 2010 and the long term through 2030. A No New Orders case is presented for each of the projection periods, as well as Lower Reference and Upper Reference cases. 5 figs., 30 tabs.

  13. EA-1726: Kahuku Wind Power, LLC Wind Power Generation Facility...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Us Offices May 3, 2010 EA-1726: Final Environmental Assessment Loan Guarantee to Kahuku Wind Power, LLC for Construction of the Kahuku Wind Power Facility in Kahuku, O'ahu,...

  14. Reliability Evaluation of Electric Power Generation Systems with Solar Power 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samadi, Saeed

    2013-11-08

    Conventional power generators are fueled by natural gas, steam, or water flow. These generators can respond to fluctuating load by varying the fuel input that is done by a valve control. Renewable power generators such as ...

  15. Magnetic machines and power electronics for power MEMS applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Sauparna, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    This thesis presents the modeling, design, and characterization of microfabricated, surface-wound, permanent-magnet (PM) generators, and their power electronics, for use in Watt-level Power MEMS applications such as a ...

  16. Role of nuclear power in the Philippine power development program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aleta, C.R.

    1994-12-31

    The reintroduction of nuclear power in the Philippines is favored by several factors such as: the inclusion of nuclear energy in the energy sector of the science and technology agenda for national development (STAND); the Large gap between electricity demand and available local supply for the medium-term power development plan; the relatively lower health risks in nuclear power fuel cycle systems compared to the already acceptable power systems; the lower environmental impacts of nuclear power systems compared to fossil fuelled systems and the availability of a regulatory framework and trained personnel who could form a core for implementing a nuclear power program. The electricity supply gap of 9600 MW for the period 1993-2005 could be partly supplied by nuclear power. The findings of a recent study are described, as well as the issues that have to be addressed in the reintroduction of nuclear power.

  17. Wind Power Today, 2010, Wind and Water Power Program (WWPP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-05-01

    Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Water Power Program.

  18. New Technologies Power Wearable Devices through Body Power or...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Technologies Power Wearable Devices through Body Power or the Environment Home > Groups > No Battery Wearables WikiSysop's picture Submitted by WikiSysop(15) Member 12 August,...

  19. POWERFUL AND POWERLESS: POWER RELATIONS IN SATYAJIT RAY'S FILMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Deb Kumar

    2009-12-17

    . The films are examined within the framework of Foucault's conception of power. Different roles and interpretations of power relationships between humans through kingship, class, caste, religion, gender, technology and knowledge are analyzed in the thesis...

  20. Contingency Analysis of Power System using Power Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavaei, Javad

    and to minimize customer outages. i II. Motivation The security of a power grid into account. The other common causes of faults are weather related.0 ­ Typical Causes of Faults iii Source: Richard Brown. Electric Power Distribution