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1

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas > Natural Gas Information Query System > Definitions, Sources, & Notes Natural Gas > Natural Gas Information Query System > Definitions, Sources, & Notes Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes The EIA-176 form contains responses submitted from an identified universe of pipelines, local distribution companies, and operators of fields, wells or gas processing plants, who distribute gas to end users or transport gas across State borders; or underground natural gas storage operators. Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Number of Producing Gas Wells Number of Producing Gas Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Gas Well A well completed for the production of natural gas from one or more gas zones or reservoirs. Such wells contain no completions for the production of crude oil. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Form EIA-895A, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report" , EIA estimates based on data from the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, and predecessor agencies; state agencies; and World Oil Magazine. Background on "Natural Gas Annual" data Natural Gas Survey Forms and Instructions Explanatory Notes Beginning in 2001, the number of Federal offshore Gulf of Mexico producing gas and gas condensate wells is reported separately. For previous years the well counts for the Federal offshore Gulf of Mexico were included in the well counts

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Definitions Key Terms Definition Conventional Area Any area that does not require the sale of reformulated gasoline. All types of finished motor gasoline may be sold in this area. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the reformulated gasoline category. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Note: this survey designates all motor gasoline collected within a conventional area as conventional gasoline (see conventional area). Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

LNG Storage Additions & Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions & Withdrawals Definitions Key Terms Definition Liquefied Natural Gas Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Net Withdrawals The amount by which storage withdrawals exceed storage injections. Storage Additions Volumes of gas injected or otherwise added to underground natural gas reservoirs or liquefied natural gas storage. Storage Withdrawals Total volume of gas withdrawn from underground storage or from liquefied natural gas storage over a specified amount of time. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area of Entry Area of Entry Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Aviation Gasoline (Finished) A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

& Blender Net Production & Blender Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Total Stocks Total Stocks Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Alkylate The product of an alkylation reaction. It usually refers to the high octane product from alkylation units. This alkylate is used in blending high octane gasoline. Aromatics Hydrocarbons characterized by unsaturated ring structures of carbon atoms. Commercial petroleum aromatics are benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX). Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Stocks by Type Stocks by Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Alaskan in Transit Alaskan crude oil stocks in transit by water between Alaska and the other States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Imports by Country of Origin U.S. Imports by Country of Origin Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery Stocks Refinery Stocks Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial/Institutional An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of: businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. It also includes sewage treatment facilities. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking, and running a wide variety of other equipment. Note: This sector includes generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the activities of the above-mentioned commercial establishments.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supply and Disposition Balance Supply and Disposition Balance Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Products Supplied Products Supplied Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Weekly Supply Estimates Weekly Supply Estimates Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Working Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Working Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel Biodiesel and other renewable diesel fuel or diesel fuel blending components derived from biomass, but excluding renewable diesel fuel coprocessed with petroleum feedstocks.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type, Selected States No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type, Selected States Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial/Institutional An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of: businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. It also includes sewage treatment facilities. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking, and running a wide variety of other equipment. Note: This sector includes generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the activities of the above-mentioned commercial establishments.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Product Prices by Sales Type Petroleum Product Prices by Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Aviation Gasoline (Finished) A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District Imports by Country of Origin PAD District Imports by Country of Origin Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports by Destination Imports by Destination Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PADDs Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PADDs Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Shell Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Shell Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel Biodiesel and other renewable diesel fuel or diesel fuel blending components derived from biomass, but excluding renewable diesel fuel coprocessed with petroleum feedstocks.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tanker and Barge Between PADDs Tanker and Barge Between PADDs Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butane (C4H10) A normally gaseous straight-chain or branch-chain hydrocarbon extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. It includes isobutane and normal butane and is designated in ASTM Specification D1835 and Gas Processors Association Specifications for commercial butane.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butane (C4H10) A normally gaseous straight-chain or branch-chain hydrocarbon extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. It includes isobutane and normal butane and is designated in ASTM Specification D1835 and Gas Processors Association Specifications for commercial butane.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Exports by Destination Exports by Destination Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prime Supplier Sales Volume Prime Supplier Sales Volume Definitions Key Terms Definition Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Finished Aviation Gasoline A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Offshore Gross Withdrawals Offshore Gross Withdrawals Definitions Key Terms Definition Gas Well A well completed for the production of natural gas from one or more gas zones or reservoirs. Such wells contain no completions for the production of crude oil. Gross Withdrawals Full well-stream volume, including all natural gas plant liquids and all nonhydrocarbon gases, but excluding lease condensate. Also includes amounts delivered as royalty payments or consumed in field operations. Offshore Located in either State or Federal domains, seaward of the coastline. Oil Well (Casinghead) Gas Natural gas produced along with crude oil from oil wells. It contains either dissolved or associated gas or both. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Yield Yield Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Distillate Fuel Oil A general classification for one of the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. It includes diesel fuels and fuel oils. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuel are used in on-highway diesel engines, such as those in trucks and automobiles, as well as off-highway engines, such as those in railroad locomotives and agricultural machinery. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils are used primarily for space heating and electric power generation.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Sales Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual transactions which exceed the size of a truckload. Dealer Tank Wagon Sales (DTW) Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail outlet. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories. Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Summary Reserves Summary Definitions Key Terms Definition Dry Natural Gas Natural gas which remains after: 1) the liquefiable hydrocarbon portion has been removed from the gas stream (i.e., gas after lease, field, and/or plant separation); and 2) any volumes of nonhydrocarbon gases have been removed where they occur in sufficient quantity to render the gas unmarketable. (Note: Dry natural gas is also known as consumer-grade natural gas. The parameters for measurement are cubic feet at 60 degrees Fahrenheit and 14.73 pounds per square inch absolute.) Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved The combined volume of natural gas which occurs in crude oil reservoirs either as free gas (associated) or as gas in solution with crude oil (dissolved). Natural Gas Liquids Those hydrocarbons in natural gas which are separated from the gas through the processes of absorption, condensation, adsorption, or other methods in gas processing or cycling plants. Generally such liquids consist of propane and heavier hydrocarbons and are commonly referred to as condensate, natural gasoline, or liquefied petroleum gases. Where hydrocarbon components lighter than propane are recovered as liquids, these components are included with natural gas liquids.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by End Use by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition Adjusted Sales Distillate fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the PADD district level to equal published EIA volume estimates of petroleum products supplied in the U.S. marketplace. The kerosene and residual fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the national level. The products supplied estimates can be found in the Petroleum Supply Annual for the appropriate year. In addition, electric power generation data and on-highway diesel data are used in lieu of adjusted survey results. For details, see Technical Note 3 in the Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales report. All Other Sales for all other energy-consuming sectors not included elsewhere. Commercial An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of nonmanufacturing businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking and running a wide variety of other equipment.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Distillate by End Use Distillate by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition Adjusted Sales Distillate fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the PADD district level to equal published EIA volume estimates of petroleum products supplied in the U.S. marketplace. The kerosene and residual fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the national level. The products supplied estimates can be found in the Petroleum Supply Annual for the appropriate year. In addition, electric power generation data and on-highway diesel data are used in lieu of adjusted survey results. For details, see Technical Note 3 in the Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales report. All Other Sales for all other energy-consuming sectors not included elsewhere. Commercial An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of nonmanufacturing businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking and running a wide variety of other equipment.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Kerosene by End Use Kerosene by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition Adjusted Sales Distillate fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the PADD district level to equal published EIA volume estimates of petroleum products supplied in the U.S. marketplace. The kerosene and residual fuel oil sales estimates have been adjusted at the national level. The products supplied estimates can be found in the Petroleum Supply Annual for the appropriate year. In addition, electric power generation data and on-highway diesel data are used in lieu of adjusted survey results. For details, see Technical Note 3 in the Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales report. All Other Sales for all other energy-consuming sectors not included elsewhere. Commercial An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of nonmanufacturing businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking and running a wide variety of other equipment.

36

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed Definitions Key Terms Definition British Thermal Unit (Btu) The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of liquid water by 1 degree Fahrenheit at the temperature at which water has its greatest density (approximately 39 degrees Fahrenheit). Delivered to Consumers (Heat Content) Heat content of residential, commercial, industrial, vehicle fuel and electric power deliveries to consumers. Electric Power (Heat Content) Heat content of natural gas used as fuel in the electric power sector. Heat Content The amount of heat energy available to be released by the transformation or use of a specified physical unit of an energy form (e.g., a ton of coal, a barrel of oil, a kilowatthour of electricity, a cubic foot of natural gas, or a pound of steam). The amount of heat energy is commonly expressed in British thermal units (Btu). Note: Heat content of combustible energy forms can be expressed in terms of either gross heat content (higher or upper heating value) or net heat content (lower heating value), depending upon whether or not the available heat energy includes or excludes the energy used to vaporize water (contained in the original energy form or created during the combustion process). The Energy Information Administration typically uses gross heat content values.

37

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Weekly Products Supplied U.S. Weekly Products Supplied Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Distillate Fuel Oil A general classification for one of the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. It includes diesel fuels and fuel oils. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuel are used in on-highway diesel engines, such as those in trucks and automobiles, as well as off-highway engines, such as those in railroad locomotives and agricultural machinery. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils are used primarily for space heating and electric power generation. Finished Motor Gasoline A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in spark-ignition engines. Motor gasoline, as defined in ASTM Specification D 4814 or Federal Specification VV-G-1690C, is characterized as having a boiling range of 122 to 158 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10 percent recovery point to 365 to 374 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90 percent recovery point. Motor Gasoline includes conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline, but excludes aviation gasoline. Note: Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.

38

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Sales Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual transactions which exceed the size of a truckload. Dealer Tank Wagon Sales (DTW) Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail outlet. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories. Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

39

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Exploration & Reserves Exploration & Reserves Topic: Maximum U.S. Active Seismic Crew Counts Definitions Key Terms Definition Dimensions In two-dimensional (2D) reflection seismic surveying both the sound source and the sound detectors (numbering up to a hundred or more per shot) are moved along a straight line. The resultant product can be thought of as a vertical sonic cross-section of the subsurface beneath the survey line. It is constructed by summing many compressional (pressure) wave reflections from the various sound source and sound detector locations at the halfway sound path points beneath each location (common depth point stacking). In three-dimensional (3D) reflection seismic surveying the sound detectors (numbering up to a thousand or more) are spread out over an area and the sound source is moved from location to location through the area. The resultant product can be thought of as a cube of common depth point stacked reflections. Advantages over 2D include the additional dimension, the fact that many more reflections are available for stacking at each point, which provides greatly improved resolution of subsurface features, and elimination of the "ghost" or "side swipe" reflections from nearby offline features that 2D surveys are prone to (except, of course, along the outer faces of the cube).

40

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Maximum U.S. Active Seismic Crew Counts Maximum U.S. Active Seismic Crew Counts Definitions Key Terms Definition Dimensions In two-dimensional (2D) reflection seismic surveying both the sound source and the sound detectors (numbering up to a hundred or more per shot) are moved along a straight line. The resultant product can be thought of as a vertical sonic cross-section of the subsurface beneath the survey line. It is constructed by summing many compressional (pressure) wave reflections from the various sound source and sound detector locations at the halfway sound path points beneath each location (common depth point stacking). In three-dimensional (3D) reflection seismic surveying the sound detectors (numbering up to a thousand or more) are spread out over an area and the sound source is moved from location to location through the area. The resultant product can be thought of as a cube of common depth point stacked reflections. Advantages over 2D include the additional dimension, the fact that many more reflections are available for stacking at each point, which provides greatly improved resolution of subsurface features, and elimination of the "ghost" or "side swipe" reflections from nearby offline features that 2D surveys are prone to (except, of course, along the outer faces of the cube).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Plant Processing Plant Processing Definitions Key Terms Definition Extraction Loss The reduction in volume of natural gas due to the removal of natural gas liquid constituents such as ethane, propane, and butane at natural gas processing plants. Natural Gas Processed Natural gas that has gone through a processing plant. Natural Gas Processing Plant A facility designed to recover natural gas liquids from a stream of natural gas which may or may not have passed through lease separators and/or field separation facilities. These facilities also control the quality of the natural gas to be marketed. Cycling plants are classified as natural gas processing plants. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Natural Gas Processed, Total Liquids Extracted, and Extraction Loss Volume: Form EIA-64A, "Annual Report of the Origin of Natural Gas Liquids Production" . Estimated Heat Content of Extraction Loss: Estimated, assuming the makeup to total liquids production as reported on Form EIA-64A for each State was proportional to the components and products ultimately separated in the States as reported on the 12 monthly reports on Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-816, "Monthly Natural Gas Liquids Report," and applying the following conversion factors to the individual component and product production estimates (million Btu extraction loss per barrel of liquid produced): ethane - 3.082; propane - 3.836; normal butane - 4.326; isobutane - 3.974; pentanes plus - 4.620.

42

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coalbed Methane Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Coalbed Methane Methane is generated during coal formation and is contained in the coal microstructure. Typical recovery...

43

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Monthly Supply & Disposition U.S. Monthly Supply & Disposition Definitions Key Terms Definition Balancing Item Represents the difference between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences maybe due to quantities lost or to the effects of data reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data reporting systems which vary in scope, format, definitions, and type of respondents.

44

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Point of Entry Point of Entry Definitions Key Terms Definition Imports Natural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one point to another, usually from a point in or beyond the producing field or processing plant to another pipeline or to points of use. Also refers to a company operating such facilities. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

45

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Ethanol Plant Production Ethanol Plant Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous alcohol (ethanol with less than 1% water) intended for gasoline blending as described in the Oxygenates definition. Oxygenates Substances which, when added to gasoline, increase the amount of oxygen in that gasoline blend. Ethanol, Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE), Ethyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (ETBE), and methanol are common oxygenates. Fuel Ethanol: Blends of up to 10 percent by volume anhydrous ethanol (200 proof) (commonly referred to as the "gasohol waiver"). Methanol: Blends of methanol and gasoline-grade tertiary butyl alcohol (GTBA) such that the total oxygen content does not exceed 3.5 percent by weight and the ratio of methanol to GTBA is less than or equal to 1. It is also specified that this blended fuel must meet ASTM volatility specifications (commonly referred to as the "ARCO" waiver).

46

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Supply & Disposition by State Annual Supply & Disposition by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Balancing Item Represents the difference between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences maybe due to quantities lost or to the effects of data reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data reporting systems which vary in scope, format, definitions, and type of respondents.

47

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country Country Definitions Key Terms Definition Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one point to another, usually from a point in or beyond the producing field or processing plant to another pipeline or to points of use. Also refers to a company operating such facilities. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

48

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oxygenate Production Oxygenate Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Captive Refinery Oxygenate Plants Oxygenate production facilities located within or adjacent to a refinery complex. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous denatured aliphatic alcohol intended for gasoline blending as described in Oxygenates definition. Gasohol A blend of finished motor gasoline containing alcohol (generally ethanol but sometimes methanol) at a concentration of 10 percent or less by volume. Data on gasohol that has at least 2.7 percent oxygen, by weight, and is intended for sale inside carbon monoxide nonattainment areas are included in data on oxygenated gasoline. Merchant Oxygenate Plants Oxygenate production facilities that are not associated with a petroleum refinery. Production from these facilities is sold under contract or on the spot market to refiners or other gasoline blenders.

49

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country Country Definitions Key Terms Definition Imports Natural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one point to another, usually from a point in or beyond the producing field or processing plant to another pipeline or to points of use. Also refers to a company operating such facilities. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Point of Exit Point of Exit Definitions Key Terms Definition Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one point to another, usually from a point in or beyond the producing field or processing plant to another pipeline or to points of use. Also refers to a company operating such facilities. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Used as Feedstock for Hydrogen Production Natural Gas Used as Feedstock for Hydrogen Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Hydrogen The lightest of all gases, occurring chiefly in combination with oxygen in water; exists also in acids, bases, alcohols, petroleum, and other hydrocarbons. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane. Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) Districts Geographic aggregations of the 50 States and the District of Columbia into five districts by the Petroleum Administration for Defense in 1950. These districts were originally defined during World War II for purposes of administering oil allocation. Description and maps of PAD Districts and Refining Districts. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Capacity Capacity Definitions Key Terms Definition Aquifer Storage Field A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas, consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Depleted Reservoir Storage Field A sub-surface natural geological reservoir, usually a depleted gas or oil field, used for storing natural gas. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane. Salt Dome Storage Field (Salt Cavern) A storage facility that is a cavern hollowed out in either a salt "bed" or "dome" formation. Storage Capacity The present developed maximum operating capacity. Working Gas Capacity The volume of total natural gas storage capacity that contains natural gas available for withdrawal. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

53

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area Area Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

54

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area Area Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

55

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area Area Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

56

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area Area Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

57

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Number of Consumers Number of Consumers Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Industrial Consumption Natural gas used for heat, power, or chemical feedstock by manufacturing establishments or those engaged in mining or other mineral extraction as well as consumers in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. Also included in industrial consumption are generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the above-mentioned industrial activities.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Inputs & Utilization Inputs & Utilization Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Charge Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Charge Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity The refining process of separating crude oil components at atmospheric pressure by heating to temperatures of about 600º to 750º F (depending on the nature of the crude oil and desired products) and subsequent condensing of the fractions by cooling. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Barrels Per Calendar Day The amount of input that a distillation facility can process under usual operating conditions. The amount is expressed in terms of capacity during a 24-hour period and reduces the maximum processing capability of all units at the facility under continuous operation (see Barrels per Stream Day) to account for the following limitations that may delay, interrupt, or slow down production:

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Conventional Gasoline, Ed 55 and Lower Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol. Conventional Gasoline, Greater than Ed 55 Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with denatured fuel ethanol where the volume percent of denatured fuel ethanol exceeds 55%.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Sales Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual transactions which exceed the size of a truckload. Conventional Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Dealer Tank Wagon Sales (DTW) Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail outlet. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Plant Net Stocks Natural Gas Plant Net Stocks Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butylene (C4H8) An olefinic hydrocarbon recovered from refinery processes. Ethane (C2H6) A normally gaseous straight-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of -127.48º F. It is extracted from natural gas and refinery gas streams. Isobutane (C4H10) A normally gaseous branch-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of 10.9º F. It is extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) A group of hydrocarbon-based gases derived from crude oil refining or nautral gas fractionation. They include: ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. For convenience of transportation, these gases are liquefied through pressurization.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption Consumption Topic: Delivered for the Account of Others Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Delivered for the Account of Others Gas that is not owned by the company that delivers it to the consumer. These deliveries include quantities covered by long-term contracts and gas involved in short-term or spot market sales. Industrial Consumption Natural gas used for heat, power, or chemical feedstock by manufacturing establishments or those engaged in mining or other mineral extraction as well as consumers in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. Also included in industrial consumption are generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the above-mentioned industrial activities.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Proved Reserves Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil Definitions Key Terms Definition Composite The weighted average of domestic and imported crude oil costs. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

66

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Footage Drilled for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Footage Drilled for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and Blender Net Inputs and Blender Net Inputs Definitions Key Terms Definition Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Proved Nonproducing Reserves Proved Nonproducing Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Associated Dissolved Gas The combined volume of natural gas which occurs in crude oil reservoirs either as free gas (associated) or as gas in solution with crude oil (dissolved). Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in the liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Crude oil may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in the gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators, and that subsequently are comingled with the crude stream without being separately measured.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Oil Stocks at Tank Farms & Pipelines Crude Oil Stocks at Tank Farms & Pipelines Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports & Exports by State Imports & Exports by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Imports Natural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one point to another, usually from a point in or beyond the producing field or processing plant to another pipeline or to points of use. Also refers to a company operating such facilities.

71

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International & Interstate Movements by State International & Interstate Movements by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Deliveries The physical transfer of natural, synthetic, and/or supplemental gas from facilities operated by the responding company to facilities operated by others or to consumers. Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Imports Natural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane. Net Imports and Receipts The amount by which imports and receipts exceed exports and deliveries. Receipts Deliveries of fuel to an electric plant ; Purchases of fuel ; All revenues received by an exporter for the reported quantity exported.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Futures Prices (NYMEX) Futures Prices (NYMEX) Definitions Key Terms Definition Contract 1 A futures contract specifying the earliest delivery date. For gasoline, heating oil, and propane each contract expires on the last business day of the month preceding the delivery month. Thus, the delivery month for Contract 1 is the calendar month following the trade date. For crude oil, each contract expires on the third business day prior to the 25th calendar day of the month preceding the delivery month. If the 25th calendar day of the month is a non-business day, trading ceases on the third business day prior to the business day preceding the 25th calendar day. After a contract expires, Contract 1 for the remainder of that calendar month is the second following month. Contract 2-4 Represent the successive delivery months following Contract 1.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

74

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Stream Crude Stream Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

75

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Underground Storage - All Operators Underground Storage - All Operators Definitions Key Terms Definition AGA Eastern Consuming Region All States east of the Mississippi River less Mississippi and Alabama, plus Iowa, Nebraska and Missouri. AGA Western Consuming Region All States west of the Mississippi River less the Producing Region and Iowa, Nebraska and Missouri. AGA Producing Region Alabama, Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. Base (cushion) Gas The volume of gas needed as a permanent inventory to maintain adequate reservoir pressures and deliverability rates throughout the withdrawal season. All native gas is included in the base gas volume. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane. Net Withdrawals The amount by which storage withdrawals exceed storage injections.

76

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves and Production Reserves and Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Coalbed Methane Methane is generated during coal formation and is contained in the coal microstructure. Typical recovery entails pumping water out of the coal to allow the gas to escape. Methane is the principal component of natural gas. Coalbed methane can be added to natural gas pipelines without any special treatment. Proved Reserves Proved reserves of natural gas as of December 31 of the report year are the estimated quantities which analysis of geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable in future years from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reservoirs are considered proved if economic producibility is supported by actual production or conclusive formation test (drill stem or wire line), or if economic producibility is supported by core analyses and/or electric or other log interpretations.

77

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nonassociated Proved Reserves, Wet Nonassociated Proved Reserves, Wet Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

78

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Stream Crude Stream Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

79

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Stream Crude Stream Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

80

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Receipts of Crude Oil by Method of Transportation Receipts of Crude Oil by Method of Transportation Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Processing of Fresh Feed Input Processing of Fresh Feed Input Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Catalytic Cracking The refining process of breaking down the larger, heavier, and more complex hydrocarbon molecules into simpler and lighter molecules. Catalytic cracking is accomplished by the use of a catalytic agent and is an effective process for increasing the yield of gasoline from crude oil. Catalytic cracking processes fresh feeds and recycled feeds. Catalytic Hydrocracking A refining process that uses hydrogen and catalysts with relatively low temperatures and high pressures for converting middle boiling or residual material to high-octane gasoline, reformer charge stock, jet fuel, and/or high grade fuel oil. The process uses one or more catalysts, depending upon product output, and can handle high sulfur feedstocks without prior desulfurization.

82

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Preliminary Crude Imports by Country of Origin Preliminary Crude Imports by Country of Origin Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

83

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Residual Fuel Prices by Sales Type Residual Fuel Prices by Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories. Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PADD): PADD 1 (East Coast): PADD 1A (New England): Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont. PADD 1B (Central Atlantic): Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Lease Condensate Proved Reserves Lease Condensate Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type Motor Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Sales Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual transactions which exceed the size of a truckload. Conventional Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Dealer Tank Wagon Sales (DTW) Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail outlet. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Blender Net Production Blender Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Conventional Gasoline, Ed55 and Lower Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol. Conventional Gasoline, Greater than Ed55 Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with denatured fuel ethanol where the volume percent of denatured fuel ethanol exceeds 55%.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Wellhead Value & Marketed Production Wellhead Value & Marketed Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Marketed Production Gross withdrawals less gas used for repressuring, quantities vented and flared, and nonhydrocarbon gases removed in treating or processing operations. Includes all quantities of gas used in field and processing plant operations. Production The volume of natural gas withdrawn from reservoirs less (1) the volume returned to such reservoirs in cycling, repressuring of oil reservoirs, and conservation operations; less (2) shrinkage resulting from the removal of lease condensate; and less (3) nonhydrocarbon gases where they occur in sufficient quantity to render the gas unmarketable. Volumes of gas withdrawn from gas storage reservoirs and native gas, which has been transferred to the storage category, are not considered production. Flared and vented gas is also considered production. (This differs from "Marketed Production" which excludes flared and vented gas.)

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Stream Crude Stream Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

& Blender Net Production & Blender Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Conventional Gasoline, Ed55 and Lower Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol.

91

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Utilization and Capacity Utilization and Capacity Definitions Key Terms Definition Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation The refining process of separating crude oil components at atmospheric pressure by heating to temperatures of about 600º to 750º F (depending on the nature of the crude oil and desired products) and subsequent condensing of the fractions by cooling. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Barrels Per Calendar Day The amount of input that a distillation facility can process under usual operating conditions. The amount is expressed in terms of capacity during a 24-hour period and reduces the maximum processing capability of all units at the facility under continuous operation (see Barrels per Stream Day) to account for the following limitations that may delay, interrupt, or slow down production:

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Exploratory and Development Wells Exploratory and Development Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

94

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Production Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

95

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Residual Fuel Oil by End Use Residual Fuel Oil by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Sales for all other energy-consuming sectors not included elsewhere. Commercial An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of nonmanufacturing businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking and running a wide variety of other equipment. Electric Utility An energy-consuming sector that consists of electricity only and combined heat and power (CHP) plants whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public -- i.e., NAICS 22 plants. Volumes directly imported and used by the electric power companies are included.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption by End Use Consumption by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Distribution Use Natural gas used as fuel in the respondent's operations. Electric Power Consumption Gas used as fuel in the electric power sector. Electric Power Sector An energy-consuming sector that consists of electricity-only and combined heat and power (CHP) plants whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public -i.e., North American Industry Classification System code 22 for plants. Combined heat and power plants that identify themselves as primarily in the commercial or industrial sectors are reported in those sectors.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Underground Storage by Type U.S. Underground Storage by Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Base (cushion) gas The volume of gas needed as a permanent inventory to maintain adequate reservoir pressures and deliverability rates throughout the withdrawal season. All native gas is included in the base gas volume. Gas in storage The sum of base gas plus working gas. Injections The volume of gas injected into storage reservoirs. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane. Net Withdrawals The amount by which storage withdrawals exceed storage injections. Salt Cavern Storage Field A storage facility that is a cavern hollowed out in either a salt "bed" or "dome" formation. Withdrawals The volume of gas withdrawn from storage reservoirs.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports & Exports Imports & Exports Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Costs of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Drilled Costs of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Drilled Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Futures Prices Futures Prices Definitions Key Terms Definition Contract 1 A futures contract specifying the earliest delivery date. Natural gas contracts expire three business days prior to the first calendar day of the delivery month. Thus, the delivery month for Contract 1 is the calendar month following the trade date. Contract 2-4 Represent the successive delivery months following Contract 1. Futures Price The price quoted for delivering a specified quantity of a commodity at a specified time and place in the future. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane. NGL Composite Price The natural gas liquids (NGL) composite price is derived from daily Bloomberg spot price data for natural gas liquids at Mont Belvieu, Texas, weighted by gas processing plant production volumes of each product as reported on Form EIA-816, "Monthly Natural Gas Liquids Report."

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heating Oil & Propane Prices Heating Oil & Propane Prices Definitions Key Terms Definition No. 2 Fuel Oil (Heating Oil) A distillate fuel oil for use in atomizing type burners for domestic heating or for use medium capacity commercial-industrial burner units, with distillation temperatures between 540-640 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90-percent recovery point; and the kinematic viscosities between 1.9-3.4 centistokes at 100 degrees Fahrenheit as defined in ASTM Specification D396-92. Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PADD): PADD 1 (East Coast): PADD 1A (New England): Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont. PADD 1B (Central Atlantic): Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania. PADD 1C (Lower Atlantic): Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuel Consumed at Refineries Fuel Consumed at Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Catalyst Coke In many catalytic operations (e.g., catalytic cracking) carbon is deposited on the catalyst, thus deactivating the catalyst. The catalyst is reactivated by burning off the carbon, which is used as a fuel in the refining process. This carbon or coke is not recoverable in a concentrated form. Coal A readily combustible black or brownish-black rock whose composition, including inherent moisture, consists of more than 50 percent by weight and more than 70 percent by volume of carbonaceous material. It is formed from plant remains that have been compacted, hardened, chemically altered, and metamorphosed by heat and pressure over geologic time.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

104

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Plant Field Production Plant Field Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butylene (C4H8) An olefinic hydrocarbon recovered from refinery processes. Ethane (C2H6) A normally gaseous straight-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of -127.48º F. It is extracted from natural gas and refinery gas streams. Field Production Represents crude oil production on leases, natural gas liquids production at natural gas processing plants, new supply of other hydrocarbons/oxygenates and motor gasoline blending components, and fuel ethanol blended into finished motor gasoline. Isobutane (C4H10) A normally gaseous branch-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of 10.9º F. It is extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams.

106

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supplemental Supplies Supplemental Supplies Definitions Key Terms Definition Biomass Gas A medium Btu gas containing methane and carbon dioxide, resulting from the action of microorganisms on organic materials such as a landfill. Blast-furnace Gas The waste combustible gas generated in a blast furnace when iron ore is being reduced with coke to metallic iron. It is commonly used as a fuel within steel works. British Thermal Unit (Btu) The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of liquid water by 1 degree Fahrenheit at the temperature at which water has its greatest density (approximately 39 degrees Fahrenheit). Coke-oven Gas The mixture of permanent gases produced by the carbonization of coal in a coke oven at temperatures in excess of 1,000 degrees Celsius.

107

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks by State Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Terminal A facility used primarily for the storage and/or marketing of petroleum products which has a total bulk storage capacity of 50,000 barrels or more and/or receives petroleum products by tanker, barge, or pipeline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Associated-Dissolved Proved Reserves, Wet Associated-Dissolved Proved Reserves, Wet Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

109

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices Prices Definitions Key Terms Definition Citygate A point or measuring station at which a distributing gas utility receives gas from a natural gas pipeline company or transmission system. Commercial Price The price of gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services such as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; and gas used by local, State and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Electric Power Price The price of gas used by electricity generators (regulated utilities and non-regulated power producers) whose line of business is the generation of power. Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries.

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Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

111

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

112

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Proved Reserves Liquids Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

113

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

114

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Qualities of Crude Oil Input Qualities of Crude Oil Input Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

115

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Stream Crude Stream Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

116

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summary Summary Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions (Proved Reserves) The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments (Proved Reserves) The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

117

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

118

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Shale Gas Proved Reserves Shale Gas Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

119

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State Shares of U.S. Deliveries State Shares of U.S. Deliveries Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Delivered (Gas) The physical transfer of natural, synthetic, and/or supplemental gas from facilities operated by the responding company to facilities operated by others or to consumers. Electric Power Consumption Gas used as fuel in the electric power sector. Industrial Consumption Natural gas used for heat, power, or chemical feedstock by manufacturing establishments or those engaged in mining or other mineral extraction as well as consumers in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. Also included in industrial consumption are generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the above-mentioned industrial activities.

120

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

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121

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Drilling Activity Drilling Activity Definitions Key Terms Definition Active Well Service Rig Count The number of rigs doing true workovers (where tubing is pulled from the well), or doing rod string and pump repair operations, and that are, on average, crewed and working every day of the month. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

122

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Footage Drilled for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Footage Drilled for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

123

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Number and Capacity of Petroleum Refineries Number and Capacity of Petroleum Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity The refining process of separating crude oil components at atmospheric pressure by heating to temperatures of about 600º to 750º F (depending on the nature of the crude oil and desired products) and subsequent condensing of the fractions by cooling. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Barrels Per Calendar Day The amount of input that a distillation facility can process under usual operating conditions. The amount is expressed in terms of capacity during a 24-hour period and reduces the maximum processing capability of all units at the facility under continuous operation (see Barrels per Stream Day) to account for the following limitations that may delay, interrupt, or slow down production:

124

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Input Input Definitions Key Terms Definition Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

125

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Costs of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Drilled Costs of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Drilled Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

126

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Plant Liquids Proved Reserves Plant Liquids Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Natural Gas Liquids Those hydrocarbons in natural gas which are separated from the gas through the processes of absorption, condensation, adsorption, or other methods in gas processing or cycling plants. Generally such liquids consist of propane and heavier hydrocarbons and are commonly referred to as condensate, natural gasoline, or liquefied petroleum gases. Where hydrocarbon components lighter than propane are recovered as liquids, these components are included with natural gas liquids. Natural Gas Processing Plant A facility designed to recover natural gas liquids from a stream of natural gas which may or may not have passed through lease separators and/or field separation facilities. Another function of the facility is to control the quality of the processed natural gas stream. Cycling plants are considered natural gas processing plants.

127

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Drilling Activity Drilling Activity Definitions Key Terms Definition Active Well Service Rig Count The number of rigs doing true workovers (where tubing is pulled from the well), or doing rod string and pump repair operations, and that are, on average, crewed and working every day of the month. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

128

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Input Input Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous denatured aliphatic alcohol intended for gasoline blending as described in Oxygenates definition. Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB) Non-certified Foreign Refinery gasoline classified by an importer as blendstock to be either blended or reclassified with respect to reformulated or conventional gasoline. GTAB was classified on EIA surveys as either reformulated or conventional based on emissions performance and the intended end use in data through the end of December 2009. Designation of GTAB as reformulated or conventional was discontinued beginning with data for January 2010. GTAB was reported as a single product beginning with data for January 2010. GTAB data for January 2010 and later months is presented as conventional motor gasoline blending components whenreported as a subset of motor gasoline blending components.

129

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Production Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included; Small amounts of nonhydrocarbons produced with the oil, such as sulfur and various metals; Drip gases, and liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gilsonite, and oil shale. Liquids produced at natural gas processing plants are excluded. Crude oil is refined to produce a wide array of petroleum products, including heating oils; gasoline, diesel and jet fuels; lubricants; asphalt; ethane, propane, and butane; and many other products used for their energy or chemical content.

130

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Residual Fuel Imports by State Residual Fuel Imports by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Imports Receipts of crude oil and petroleum products into the 50 States and the District of Columbia from foreign countries, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and other U.S. possessions and territories. Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) Districts Geographic aggregations of the 50 States and the District of Columbia into five districts by the Petroleum Administration for Defense in 1950. These districts were originally defined during World War II for purposes of administering oil allocation. Description and maps of PAD Districts and Refining Districts. Residual Fuel Oil A general classification for the heavier oils, known as No. 5 and No. 6 fuel oils, that remain after the distillate fuel oils and lighter hydrocarbons are distilled away in refinery operations. It conforms to ASTM Specifications D396 and D975 and Federal Specification VV-F-815C. No. 5, a residual fuel oil of medium viscosity, is also known as Navy Special and is defined in Military Specification MIL-F-859E, including Amendment 2 (NATO Symbol F-770). It is used in steam-powered vessels in government service and inshore powerplants. No. 6 fuel oil includes Bunker C fuel oil and is used for the production of electric power, space heating, vessel bunkering, and various industrial purposes.

131

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gross Withdrawals and Production Gross Withdrawals and Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Coalbed Methane Methane is generated during coal formation and is contained in the coal microstructure. Typical recovery entails pumping water out of the coal to allow the gas to escape. Methane is the principal component of natural gas. Coalbed methane can be added to natural gas pipelines without any special treatment. Dry Natural Gas Production The process of producing consumer-grade natural gas. Natural gas withdrawn from reservoirs is reduced by volumes used at the production (lease) site and by processing losses. Volumes used at the production site include (1) the volume returned to reservoirs in cycling, repressuring of oil reservoirs, and conservation operations; and (2) gas vented and flared. Processing losses include (1) nonhydrocarbon gases (e.g., water vapor, carbon dioxide, helium, hydrogen sulfide, and nitrogen) removed from the gas stream; and (2) gas converted to liquid form, such as lease condensate and plant liquids. Volumes of dry gas withdrawn from gas storage reservoirs are not considered part of production. Dry natural gas production equals marketed production less extraction loss.

132

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Reserves Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included; Small amounts of nonhydrocarbons produced with the oil, such as sulfur and various metals; Drip gases, and liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gilsonite, and oil shale. Liquids produced at natural gas processing plants are excluded. Crude oil is refined to produce a wide array of petroleum products, including heating oils; gasoline, diesel and jet fuels; lubricants; asphalt; ethane, propane, and butane; and many other products used for their energy or chemical content.

133

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Crude Oil Supply & Disposition Balance U.S. Crude Oil Supply & Disposition Balance Definitions Key Terms Definition Alaskan in Transit Alaskan crude oil stocks in transit by water between Alaska and the other States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Crude Adjustments A balancing item to account for the difference between the supply and disposition of crude oil (formerly called "unaccounted for crude oil"). Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

134

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Distillate by End Use Distillate by End Use Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Sales for all other energy-consuming sectors not included elsewhere. Commercial An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of nonmanufacturing businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking and running a wide variety of other equipment. Distillate Fuel Oil A general classification for one of the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. It includes diesel fuels and fuel oils. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuel are used in on-highway diesel engines, such as those in trucks and automobiles, as well as off-highway engines, such as those in railroad locomotives and agricultural machinery. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils are used primarily for space heating and electric power generation.

135

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Oil Definitions Key Terms Definition Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories. No. 4 Fuel A distillate fuel oil made by blending distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil stocks. It conforms with ASTM Specification D 396 or Federal Specification VV-F-815C and is used extensively in industrial plants and in commercial burner installations that are not equipped with preheating facilities. It also includes No. 4 diesel fuel used for low- and medium-speed diesel engines and conforms to ASTM Specification D 975.

136

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Production Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Conventional Gasoline, Ed55 and Lower Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol. Conventional Gasoline, Greater than Ed55 Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with denatured fuel ethanol where the volume percent of denatured fuel ethanol exceeds 55%. Distillate Fuel Oil A general classification for one of the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. It includes diesel fuels and fuel oils. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuel are used in on-highway diesel engines, such as those in trucks and automobiles, as well as off-highway engines, such as those in railroad locomotives and agricultural machinery. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils are used primarily for space heating and electric power generation.

137

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Spot Prices Spot Prices Definitions Key Terms Definition Brent A blended crude stream produced in the North Sea region which serves as a reference or "marker" for pricing a number of other crude streams. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

138

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Residential and Commercial Prices by Local Distributors & Marketers Residential and Commercial Prices by Local Distributors & Marketers Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Price The price of gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services such as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; and gas used by local, State and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Local Distribution Company (LDC) A legal entity engaged primarily in the retail sale and/or delivery of natural gas through a distribution system that includes mainlines (that is, pipelines designed to carry large volumes of gas, usually located under roads or other major right-of-ways) and laterals (that is, pipelines of smaller diameter that connect the end user to the mainline). Since the restructuring of the gas industry, the sale of gas and/or delivery arrangements may be handled by other agents, such as producers, brokers, and marketers that are referred to as "non-LDC."

139

Notes and Definitions  

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (EIA)

Notes and Definitions Notes and Definitions This report tracks U.S. natural gas inventories held in underground storage facilities. The weekly stocks generally are the volumes of working gas as of the report date. Changes in reported stock levels reflect all events affecting working gas in storage, including injections, withdrawals, and reclassifications between base and working gas. Totals may not match sum of components because of independent rounding. The complete documentation of EIA's estimation methodology is available in the report, Methodology for EIA Weekly Underground Natural Gas Storage Estimates. Information about the method used to prepare weekly data to compute the 5-year averages, maxima, minima, and year-ago values for the weekly report can be found in Computing the 5-year Averages, Maxima, Minima, and Year-Ago

140

Manhattan Project: Sources and Notes  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SOURCES AND NOTES SOURCES AND NOTES Resources > Sources Below are the collected specific notes for the text and images used on the pages of this web site. For a discussion of the most important works on the Manhattan Project, see the "Suggested Readings." For a general discussion of the use of sources in this web site, see "A Note on Sources." To scan the sources and notes for various categories, choose from the list below. To view the sources and notes for a specific web page, see the footnote at the bottom of each page (exceptions include this page and the home page; the sources and notes for the home page are the first ones listed below). Home Events 1890s-1939: Atomic Discoveries 1939-1942: Early Government Support 1942: Difficult Choices

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141

Manhattan Project: A Note on Sources  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

A NOTE ON SOURCES A NOTE ON SOURCES Resources > Note on Sources The text for this web site is a combination of original material and adaptations from previous publications of the Department of Energy (including contractors), its predecessor agencies (primarily the Atomic Energy Commission and the Manhattan Engineer District), and other government agencies. Adaptations run the gamut from summaries to close paraphrases to text being taken directly. This material was gathered and adapted for use by the DOE's Office of History and Heritage Resources. For detailed notes on what sources were used for any particular page, see the footnote at the bottom of the page or its entry in Sources and Notes. For a discussion of the best general sources on the Manhattan Project, see the Suggested Readings.

142

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

raising animals. Common types of energy-using equipment include tractors, irrigation pumps, crop dryers, smudge pots, and milking machines. Facility energy use encompasses all...

143

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Notes and Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

sources.gif (4045 bytes) sources.gif (4045 bytes) [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

144

Definition: Controlled Source Audio MT | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Controlled Source Audio MT Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Controlled Source Audio MT Controlled Source Audio-Magnetotellurics (CSAMT) is an active source application of a magnetotelluric survey aimed at providing a more reliable signal and rapid acquisition time relative to a natural source MT measurement.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Magnetotellurics (MT) is an electromagnetic geophysical method of imaging the earth's subsurface by measuring natural variations of electrical and magnetic fields at the Earth's surface. Investigation depth ranges from 300m below ground by recording higher frequencies down to 10,000m or deeper with long-period soundings. Developed in Russia and

145

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Table-Figure Notes and Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

A1. Notes and Sources A1. Notes and Sources Tables Chapter 1: Greenhouse gas emissions overview Table 1. U.S. emissions of greenhouse gases, based on global warming potential, 1990-2009: Sources: Emissions: EIA estimates. Data in this table are revised from the data contained in the previous EIA report, Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 2008, DOE/EIA-0573(2008) (Washington, DC, December 2009). Global warming potentials: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis: Errata (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2008), website http://ipcc-wg1.ucar.edu/wg1/Report/AR4WG1_Errata_2008-12-01.pdf. Table 2. U.S. greenhouse gas intensity and related factors, 1990-2009: Sources: Emissions: EIA estimates. Data in this table are revised from the

146

Application note : using open source schematic capture tools with Xyce.  

SciTech Connect

The development of the XyceTM Parallel Electronic Simulator has focused entirely on the creation of a fast, scalable simulation tool, and has not included any schematic capture or data visualization tools. This application note will describe how to use the open source schematic capture tool gschem and its associated netlist creation tool gnetlist to create basic circuit designs for Xyce, and how to access advanced features of Xyce that are not directly supported by either gschem or gnetlist.

Russo, Thomas V.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Definition: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Magnetics Frequency-Domain Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics AquaTrackTM, a controlled-source frequency domain magnetics tool (CS-FDM), is a patented invention by Willowstick Technologies. This technique is meant to characterize groundwater conditions and flow patterns up to 1,000 m depth.[1] References ↑ http://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/pdf/IGAstandard/SGW/2006/kofoed.pdf Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Controlled_Source_Frequency-Domain_Magnetics&oldid=590084" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

148

Definition: Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pumps Pumps Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Source Heat Pumps A Ground Source Heat Pump is a central building heating and/or cooling system that takes advantage of the relatively constant year-round ground temperature to pump heat to or from the ground.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A geothermal heat pump or ground source heat pump (GSHP) is a central heating and/or cooling system that pumps heat to or from the ground. It uses the earth as a heat source (in the winter) or a heat sink (in the summer). This design takes advantage of the moderate temperatures in the ground to boost efficiency and reduce the operational costs of heating and cooling systems, and may be combined with solar heating to form a geosolar system with even greater efficiency. Ground source heat pumps

149

Note: Flowing ion population from a resonance cavity source  

SciTech Connect

The experimental low energy plasma for hemispherical analyzers nominal testing thermal plasma facility of Dartmouth College uses a microwave plasma source which generates an ionosphere-like plasma through a two-step process. The plasma is initially generated inside a cylindrical, insulated, resonance cavity. This initial plasma must pass through a sheath in order to enter the main experimental region. This process imparts a significant flow velocity to the ions which has been neglected in previous analysis of this plasma source. We predict the flow energy of the ions to be between 12-15 eV depending on conservation laws and show agreement with experimental results.

Gayetsky, Lisa E.; Lynch, Kristina A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

Note: 2005 Changes in Coal Distribution Table Format and Data Sources  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Note: 2005 Changes in Coal Distribution Table Format and Data Sources" Note: 2005 Changes in Coal Distribution Table Format and Data Sources" "Domestic and Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by State of Origin, 2005 (Thousand Short Tons)" "State / Region","Domestic*","Foreign*","Total" "Alabama",5432,4214,9646 "Alaska",899,503,1402 "Arizona",12806,"- ",12806 "Arkansas",2,"- ",2 "Colorado",35766,706,36472 "Illinois",26664,284,26949 "Indiana",24074,11,24086 "Kansas",170,"- ",170 "Kentucky Total",100152,3148,103300 "East",77397,3127,80524 "West",22754,22,22776 "Louisiana",3970,"- ",3970 "Maryland",5252,754,6007

151

Acute Health Risk from Irregular Intermittent Air Pollution Sources: Challenges of Definition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acute Health Risk from Irregular Intermittent Air Pollution Sources: Challenges of Definition ... The transition from pointwise values to a decision aggregated over territory poses no problem for constant pollution sources, but, in our opinion, it does for acute risk from intermittent sources. ... Murray, D. R.; Newman, M. B.Probability analyses of combining background concentrations with model-predicted concentrations J. Air Waste Manag. ...

Boris Balter; Marina Faminskaya

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

152

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... maybe roughly defined as follows:(1) General information, such as reports and other publications, object-lessons and notes on school gardens, natural history rambles, &c.; ( ... boat-building in the Malay Peninsula, by Mr. H. Warington Smyth, in the Journal of the Society of Arts, vol. 1. p. 570.

1902-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

153

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Smith in the Entomologist (April). In a previous note referring to some enemies of humble-bees in New Zealand, Mr. Smith stated that he had observed the newly-introduced ... , Mr. Smith stated that he had observed the newly-introduced starlings killing and conveying humble-bees to their nests to feed their young. The tui or parson-bird (Prosthemadera ...

1898-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

154

Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notes Notes Track Reconstruction with Cosmic Ray Data at the Tracker Integration Facility (pdf format) CMS Tracker Alignment at the Integration Facility (pdf format) Silicon Strip Tracker Detector Performance with Cosmic Ray Data at the Tracker Integration Facility (pdf format) Tracker Operation and Performance at the Magnet Test and Cosmic Challenge (pdf format) CMS Silicon Tracker Module Assembly and Testing at FNAL (pdf format) Silicon Tracker Module Assembly at UCSB (pdf format) CT and test beam results of irradiated magnetic Czochralski silicon (MCz-Si) detectors Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A 604 (2009), pp 254-25 Silicon Beam Telescope for LHC Upgrade Tests Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A 593 (2008), pp. 523-529 SiTracker Home Page

155

Definition et unites Sources d'energie primaire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-357 (1984). b. Source : Key World Energy Statistics 2012, IEA. F. Ravelet Energies #12;D´efinition et unitD´efinition et unit´es Sources d'´energie primaire L'´energie dans une perspective historique Etat des lieux aujourd'hui Sources et consommations par combustibles Panorama sur les ´energies F. Ravelet

Ravelet, Florent

156

Note: Development of ESS Bilbao's proton ion source: Ion Source Hydrogen Positive  

SciTech Connect

The Ion Source Hydrogen positive is a 2.7 GHz off-resonance microwave discharge ion source. It uses four coils to generate an axial magnetic field in the plasma chamber around 0.1 T that exceeds the ECR resonance field. A new magnetic system was designed as a combination of the four coils and soft iron in order to increase the reliability of the source. The description of the simulations of the magnetic field and the comparison with the magnetic measurements are presented. Moreover, results of the initial commissioning of the source for extraction voltage until 50 kV will be reported.

Miracoli, R., E-mail: rmiracoli@essbilbao.org; Feuchtwanger, J.; Arredondo, I.; Belver, D.; Gonzalez, P. J.; Corres, J.; Djekic, S.; Echevarria, P.; Eguiraun, M.; Garmendia, N.; Muguira, L. [ESS-Bilbao, Leioa (Spain)] [ESS-Bilbao, Leioa (Spain)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Definitions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Definitions Definitions Definitions Below are a few small business procurement definitions as stated by the Small Business Administration and the Federal Acquisition Regulation. Contact Small Business Office (505) 667-4419 Email Get clarity on common terms (and is your business defined by one?) Small business An independently owned and operated entity Not dominant in the field of operation in which it is bidding on government contracts Meets any applicable criteria concerning number of employees or annual receipts established by the Small Business Administration (SBA). Concerns are "affiliates" when one either controls or has the power to control the other or when a third party (or parties) controls or has the power to control both. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

158

Non-Linear Transmission Line (NLTL) Microwave Source Lecture Notes the United States Particle Accelerator School  

SciTech Connect

We will quickly go through the history of the non-linear transmission lines (NLTLs). We will describe how they work, how they are modeled and how they are designed. Note that the field of high power, NLTL microwave sources is still under development, so this is just a snap shot of their current state. Topics discussed are: (1) Introduction to solitons and the KdV equation; (2) The lumped element non-linear transmission line; (3) Solution of the KdV equation; (4) Non-linear transmission lines at microwave frequencies; (5) Numerical methods for NLTL analysis; (6) Unipolar versus bipolar input; (7) High power NLTL pioneers; (8) Resistive versus reactive load; (9) Non-lineaer dielectrics; and (10) Effect of losses.

Russell, Steven J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carlsten, Bruce E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

159

Notes and Definitions  

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (EIA)

base and working gas. EIA also provides an estimate of the "implied flow" of working natural gas into or out of underground natural gas storage facilities that excludes...

160

Note: Production of a mercury beam with an electron cyclotron resonance ion source  

SciTech Connect

An electron cyclotron resonance ion source has been utilized to produce mercury beams with intensities of 4.5 e?A of {sup 202}Hg{sup 29+} and 3.0 e?A of {sup 202}Hg{sup 31+} from natural abundance mercury metal. The production technique relies on the evaporation of liquid mercury into the source plasma vacuum region and utilizes elemental mercury instead of a volatile organic compound as the neutral feed material.

Vondrasek, R.; Pardo, R.; Scott, R. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Mathematical Note on the Fundamental Solution (Kelvin Source) in Ship Hydrodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......simplifying assumption that the ship is thin. The velocity potential...over the mid-plane of the ship. The potential of a Kelvin...as known from the form of the ship the linearized problem can therefore...distribution of sources is the effect of interference. The present......

F. URSELL

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Explanatory Notes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Explanatory Notes Explanatory Notes Survey Methodology Description of Survey Form The Form EIA-820, "Annual Refinery Report," is the primary source of data in the "Refinery Capacity Report" tables. The form collects data on the consumption of purchased steam, electricity, coal, and natural gas; refinery receipts of crude oil by method of transportation; operable capacity for atmospheric crude oil distillation units and downstream units; and production capacity for crude oil and petroleum products. Frame The respondent frame consists of all operating and idle petroleum refineries (including new refineries under construction), located in the 50 States, the District of

163

Uncertainties associated with the definition of a hydrologic source term for the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) Environmental Restoration Division is seeking to evaluate groundwater contamination resulting from 30 years of underground nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). This evaluation requires knowledge about what radioactive materials are in the groundwater and how they are transported through the underground environment. This information coupled with models of groundwater flow (flow paths and flow rates) will enable predictions of the arrival of each radionuclide at a selected receptor site. Risk assessment models will then be used to calculate the expected environmental and human doses. The accuracy of our predictions depends on the validity of our hydrologic and risk assessment models and on the quality of the data for radionuclide concentrations in ground water at each underground nuclear test site. This paper summarizes what we currently know about radioactive material in NTS groundwater and suggests how we can best use our limited knowledge to proceed with initial modeling efforts. The amount of a radionuclide available for transport in groundwater at the site of an underground nuclear test is called the hydrologic source term. The radiologic source term is the total amount of residual radionuclides remaining after an underground nuclear test. The hydrologic source term is smaller than the radiologic source term because some or most of the radionuclide residual cannot be transported by groundwater. The radiologic source term has been determined for each of the underground nuclear tests fired at the NTS; however, the hydrologic source term has been estimated from measurements at only a few sites.

Smith, D.K.; Esser, B.K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Thompson, J.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Definition: Electric generator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

generator generator Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electric generator A device for converting mechanical energy to electrical energy. Note: The EIA defines "electric generator" as a facility rather than as a device; per the EIA definition, examples include electric utilities and independent power producers.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electricity generation, an electric generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy. A generator forces electric current to flow through an external circuit. The source of mechanical energy may be a reciprocating or turbine steam engine, water falling through a turbine or waterwheel, an internal combustion engine, a wind turbine, a hand crank, compressed air, or any other source of

165

Note: An ion source for alkali metal implantation beneath graphene and hexagonal boron nitride monolayers on transition metals  

SciTech Connect

The construction of an alkali-metal ion source is presented. It allows the acceleration of rubidium ions to an energy that enables the penetration through monolayers of graphene and hexagonal boron nitride. Rb atoms are sublimated from an alkali-metal dispenser. The ionization is obtained by surface ionization and desorption from a hot high work function surface. The ion current is easily controlled by the temperature of ionizer. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy measurements confirm ion implantation.

Lima, L. H. de [Instituto de Fsica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859, Campinas, SP (Brazil)] [Instituto de Fsica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859, Campinas, SP (Brazil); Cun, H. Y.; Hemmi, A.; Klin, T.; Greber, T. [Physik-Institut, Universitt Zrich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zrich (Switzerland)] [Physik-Institut, Universitt Zrich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zrich (Switzerland)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Notes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2003 Power Source Disclosure and guidance on how retail electricity providers can comply with the regulations for retail providers claiming an energy mix or fuel mix different than the California Mix, (Net System Power)i . As a retail provider you

167

Blue Note  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Argonne's Murray Gibson is a physicist whose life's work includes finding patterns among atoms. The love of distinguishing patterns also drives Gibson as a musician and Blues enthusiast."Blue" notes are very harmonic notes that are missing from the equal temperament scale.The techniques of piano blues and jazz represent the melding of African and Western music into something totally new and exciting.

Murray Gibson

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

168

Jordan Canonical Form Recall the following definition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan Canonical Form Recall the following definition: Definition 1. We say that two square is an example of a matrix in Jordan Canonical Form. Here we note that , , and but #12;. Hence, three of the four the notion of a Jordan matrix via two sets of examples. Example 1. The following are Jordan matrices: #12

Lee, Carl

169

Report Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notes Notes 1 "Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi)" is based on AC electricity consumed during charging events which began during the reporting period and distance driven during all trips in the reporting period. 2 "Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)" is based on net DC electricity discharged from or charged to the plug-in battery pack and distance driven during all trips in the reporting period. DC Wh/mi may not be comparable to AC Wh/mi if AC electricity charged prior to the reporting period was discharged during driving within the reporting period, or if AC electricity charged during the reporting period was not discharged during driving within the reporting period. 3 Trips when the plug-in battery pack charge was depleted to propel the vehicle throughout

170

2003 Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003 Notes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers January 2004 Power Source Disclosure Program Annual Reporting Requirements These notes provide current information and guidance on how retail providers can comply with the regulations for retail providers claiming an energy mix or fuel mix different

171

2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2005 Power Source Disclosure Program Annual Reporting Requirements These notes provide current information and guidance on how retail providers can comply with the regulations for retail providers claiming an energy mix or fuel mix different

172

Notes for Berkeley Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17 Notes for Berkeley Conference Harry de Gorter InstituteNotes for Berkeley Conference Comparing the Political

de Gorter, Harry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

note1.dvi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Emittance Low-Emittance APS Lattice with Alternating Horizontal Beta Functions at Insertion Devices - formerly OAG-TN-2004-057 - Michael Borland-12/8/2004 - Accelerator Systems Division, Advanced Photon Source 1 Introduction Previously [1, 2] we looked at the possibility of reducing the horizontal beta function in a straight section in order to optimize the beam properties for certain uses. This is difficult to do as an insertion because of the many constraints on the APS lattice. In particular, the emittance inevitably increases, and it can only be done for one or two sectors. We noted in [1] that an ESRF-style lattice with alternating high- and low-β x sectors might provide reasonably good emittance for the APS, while providing two types of beta function. In this note, we present such a lattice that not only provides alternating β x , but also improved emittance. 2 Linear Optics For the

174

Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite April 17, 2013 - 4:22pm Addthis The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment is a particle detector which was lofted to the International Space Station onboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour about two years ago. | Image courtesy of NASA. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment is a particle detector which was lofted to the International Space Station onboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour about two years ago. | Image courtesy of NASA. Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science LEARN MORE Several national labs are involved with the search for dark matter including Berkeley Lab, Fermilab and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. When is a definite non-definite worth noting? Perhaps when there's

175

Notes on Effective Bandwidths Frank Kelly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Notes on Effective Bandwidths Frank Kelly University of Cambridge Abstract This paper presents. The paper is published in Stochastic Networks: Theory and Applications (ed. F.P. Kelly, S. Zachary and I://www.statslab.cam.ac.uk/¸frank/ . 1 #12; 2 Frank Kelly yet a generally accepted definition of an effective bandwidth, and since other

Kelly, Frank

176

OTS NOTE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

@ 'Alexander Williams @ 'Alexander Williams FROM: Ed Mitchellqm SUBJECT: W.R. Grace Elimination Recommendation The purpose of this note is to provide you with certain information regarding the recommendation to eliminate W.R. Grace Company (the former Heavy Minerals Company), Chicago,Illinois, from consideration as a site under FUSRAP. Enclosed is a memo dated July 9, 1990: FUSRAP Considered Site Recommendation, for W.R. Grace Company. It recommends elimination in accordance with FUSRAP protocol. Also enclosed is some typed input material (dated July 9, 1990) about the site that you may want to use in the preparation of your Record of Elimination. If you concur, please provide a Record of Elimination to indicate DOE's decision to eliminate this site. In lieu of a separate memo, you may want

177

OTS NOTE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

* pp4 r G- .2- * pp4 r G- .2- OTS NOTE DATE: April 24, 1991 TO: Alexander Williams FROM: Dan Stou tF L SUBJECT: American Potash and Chemical Company Elimination Recommendation The attached memorandum and supporting documents are the basis for our recommendation to eliminate the former American Potash and Chemical Company site from further consideration under FUSRAP. The site is located in West Hanover, Massachusetts. Documents discovered to date indicating use or handling of radioactive material by American Potash consist of a National Lead Company of Ohio (NLO) internal memorandum which discusses tests American Potash performed for Union Carbide Nuclear Corporation (Oak Ridge), an Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) prime contractor. The site predecessor, National Fireworks Ordnance

178

OTS NOTE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

March 22, 1991 March 22, 1991 TO: A. Williams FROM: 0. Sto> Attached is a revised site summary for the Exxon Company in Linden, New Jersey. The summary incorporates new information from a file search and from a conversation with.an NRC inspector. The specific locations of AEC/MED operations have not been identified. .I." -:;1 5':' :?iv,::.;& & had been decontami "ated. The NRC inspector did note that the kC.Mackenzie E. Mitchell C. Young .c. FUSRAP NJ.18 Exxon Research and Engineering Company The Former Standard Oil Development Company Linden, New Jersey Site Function In the spring of 1942, Standard Oil Development Company (SODC) was contracted to be in charge of obtaining materials for work being do the Metallurgical Laboratories and subsequently the MED. SODC play

179

Category:Definitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Definitions Jump to: navigation, search This category uses the form Define. Dictionary.png Looking for the Glossary? For a user-friendly list of definitions, please visit the Glossary. Add.png Add a Definition Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. S [+] Smart Grid Definitions‎ (1 categories) 10 pages Pages in category "Definitions" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 607 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 2 Definition:2-M Probe Survey A Definition:Acoustic Logs Definition:Acoustic Televiewer Definition:Active Seismic Techniques

180

Technical Note Engineering Soils Maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technical Note Engineering Soils Maps PAUL M. SANTI Department of Geology and Geological database. In this technique, rose-pie charts provide an overall assessment of soils hazards structures such as pipelines, power lines, and roads; and regional evaluations of sources of ag- gregate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

What is the Price of Carbon? Five definitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 ' What is the Price of Carbon? Five definitions Minh Ha Duong CIRED Campus du Jardin Tropical, the carbon price? It all depends on what you mean by value! The purpose of this note is to elucidate and illustrate five frequently used definitions of the carbon price for one tonne of carbon (as in carbon dioxide

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

182

Template:Definition | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'Definition' template. It is used to embed an existing definition in a wiki page of relevant content. This template is not used to define a term. To define a term, please use this form. Parameters Note: Parameters can be called in numerical order, or using parameter name. Term - The term whose definition will be displayed. Usage It should be called in one of the following formats: {{Definition|Brayton cycle}} {{Definition|Term=Brayton cycle}} Example This template will produce the following for an existing term: Dictionary.png Brayton cycle: A thermodynamic cycle using constant pressure, heat addition and rejection. Fuel and a compressor are used to heat and increase the pressure of a gas; the gas expands and spins the blades of a turbine, which, when connected to

183

Notes on notes on postmodern programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

These notes have the status of letters written to ourselves: we wrote them down because, without doing so, we found ourselves making up new arguments over and over again. So began the abstract of our earlier paper Notes on Postmodern Programming. ... Keywords: object-oriented design, object-oriented programming

James Noble; Robert Biddle

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Annual Energy Outlook-Notes and Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State State of California Air Resources Board, Staff Report: Proposed Regulations for Low Emission Vehicles and Clean Fuels (Sacramento, CA August 13, 1990). [2]For more information on the Environmental Protection Agency's implementation of the fine particulate standard see http://www.epa.gov/airlinks/pm25_desig_guidance_ final.pdf. [3]For more information on the Environmental Protection Agency's implementation of the mercury emissions reduction see http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/combust/ utiltox/utoxpg.html#REG. [4]The Minerals Management Service (MMS) is the federal agency in the U.S. Department of the Interior that man- ages the nation's oil, natural gas, and other mineral resources on the outer continental shelf (OCS) in federal offshore waters. The agency also collects, accounts for, and disburses mineral revenues from Federal and Ameri- can Indian leases,

185

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Notes & Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To International Forecasting Home Page To International Forecasting Home Page To Annual Energy Outlook 2000 bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) EIA Homepage [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

186

Quickies : intelligent sticky notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis introduces 'Quickies', an attempt to bring one of the most useful inventions of the 20th century into the digital age: the ubiquitous sticky notes. Sticky notes help us manage our to-do lists, tag our objects ...

Mistry, Pranav (Pranav K.)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Definition: Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Demand Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Demand The rate at which electric energy is delivered to or by a system or part of a system, generally expressed in kilowatts or megawatts, at a given instant or averaged over any designated interval of time., The rate at which energy is being used by the customer.[1] Related Terms energy, electricity generation References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Demand&oldid=480555"

188

Definition: Microgrids | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microgrids Microgrids Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Microgrids A microgrid is an electrical system that includes multiple loads and distributed energy resources that can be operated in parallel with the broader utility grid or as an electrical island.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition No reegle definition available, No reegle definition available., Distributed generation, also called on-site generation, dispersed generation, embedded generation, decentralized generation, decentralized energy or distributed energy, generates electricity from many small energy sources. Currently, industrial countries generate most of their electricity in large centralized facilities, such as fossil fuel nuclear or hydropower plants. These plants have excellent economies of scale, but usually

189

Notices Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

742 Federal Register 742 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 228 / Tuesday, November 27, 2012 / Notices Definitions ................................................................................................. https://eiaweb.inl.gov/clearance2012/eiaweb-frm886Defs.png Sanctions, Burden & Confidentiality ......................................................... https://eiaweb.inl.gov/clearance2012/eiaweb-frm886Info.png SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This information collection request contains: (1) OMB No. 1905-0191; (2) Information Collection Request Title: Annual Survey of Alternative Fueled Vehicles; (3) Type of Request: Revision of currently approved collection; (4a) Purpose: Form EIA-886 is an annual survey that collects information on the number and type of AFVs and other advanced technology vehicles that

190

Urine definition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

definition definition Name: durwood Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: What material is urine composed of? Replies: Urine is normally composed of water and wasted products filtered form the body. The kidney produces urine. The other main function of the kidney is to regulate fluid balance in the body. It performs this function by using a selective osmosis system. Basically, the way it works is that electrolytes (dissolved salts like sodium, potassium, calcium, carbonate, chloride) are pumped back into or out of urine and blood so that in the end, just the right amounts of electrolyte and water exit the kidney blood vein. The rest ends up in urine. Interestingly, normal urine is sterile and has no bacteria. psych Urine contains 95% water and 5% solids. More than 1000 different mineral salts and compounds are estimated to be in urine. So far, our scientific community knows of about 200 elements. Some substances are: vitamins, amino acids, antibodies, enzymes, hormones, antigens, interleukins, proteins, immunoglobulins, gastric secretory depressants, tolergens, immunogens, uric acid, urea, proteoses, directin, H-11 (a growth inhibitory factor in human cancer), and urokinase. Believe it or not, scientists have know for years that urine is antibacterial, anti-protozoal, anti-fungal, anti- viral, and anti-tuberculostatic!

191

Category:Smart Grid Definitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Smart Grid Definitions Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Looking for the Smart Grid Glossary? For a user-friendly list of definitions, please visit the Smart Grid Glossary. Add.png Add a Smart Grid definition Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. I [×] ISGAN Definitions‎ 238 pages Pages in category "Smart Grid Definitions" The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. C Definition:Circuit Peak Load Management Definition:Critical Peak Pricing D Definition:Distribution Management System F Definition:Fault Current Limiter

192

Lattice Definitions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Orbit Stability Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Main Orbit Stability Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Main Parameters Lattice Definitions APS storage ring lattice consists of 40 almost identical sectors. Each sector contains two dipoles, ten quadrupoles, seven sextupoles and also has a 5-m-long straight section for placement of Insertion Devices (IDs) or other equipment. Four of these straight sections are occupied with rf cavities, one straight section is used for injection, all others are available for IDs. Also, each sector contains eight steering magnets with both horizontal and vertical correction coils and 11 beam position monitors (BPMs). Due to some space limitations, there are several sectors that have less steering magnets or BPMs. Simple lattice description - one typical sector (elegant input file)

193

Notes on non-commutative integration Antoine Flattot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[5], who defined the Lp spaces for 1 p and Stinespring [14] and culminated with the article of Nelson [7] who used the convergence in measure introduced by Stinespring to give a nice definition of Lp spaces. It is interesting to note that actually the articles of Kunze and Stinespring were part

Flattot, Antoine

194

On-Line Geometric Modeling Notes B EZIER PATCH SUBDIVISION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-Line Geometric Modeling Notes B ´EZIER PATCH SUBDIVISION Kenneth I. Joy Visualization method can be specified to subdivide a B´ezier patch. This method is specified unlike the matrix methods, as it is based upon the definition of the patch as a set of curves.. The Method for Subdivision We recall that

California at Davis, University of

195

Variable Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data System CSV File Documentation Data System CSV File Documentation Energy Source Tables This document explains the contents of the comma-separated value (CSV) files by energy source located on the State Energy Data System (SEDS) web page at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-fuel.cfm. There is a CSV file for the most recent year's data for each energy source as shown in the HTML and PDF data tables. In some cases there is one data file for two tables. The first record in each file contains the column headings. The first data field is the state code (2 characters), followed by the data identifier (5-character mnemonic code, or MSN), and then the estimates for the latest year. Detailed descriptions of the state codes, data identifiers, and units are listed in the latter part of this documentation.

196

Definition: Magnetotellurics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotellurics Magnetotellurics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Magnetotellurics Magnetotellurics (MT) is a natural-source (i.e., passive), electromagnetic method that measures the ratio of earth's naturally varying electric and magnetic fields over a wide range of frequencies to determine the resistivity structure of the subsurface (Reynolds, 1997). View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms sustainability Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Magnetotellurics&oldid=502655" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services

197

Definition: Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Power The rate of producing, transferring, or using energy; the amount of energy or work expended in a given amount of time. Power is usually measured in watts.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In physics, power is defined as the amount of energy consumed per unit time. In the MKS system, the unit of power is the joule per second (J/s), known as the watt (in honour of James Watt, the eighteenth-century developer of the steam engine). For example, the rate at which a light bulb

198

Manhattan Project: Potsdam Note  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

POTSDAM NOTE POTSDAM NOTE Potsdam, Germany (July 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery Note written by President Harry S. Truman, in which he brags that Stalin did not understand when Truman hinted at Potsdam of a powerful new American weapon. (Scroll down to see the note.) Due to the success of Soviet espionage, however, Truman was incorrect-in fact, Stalin knew about the atomic bomb project three years before Truman did. Truman wrote this note on the back of a photograph of the Potsdam Conference taken on July 19, 1945. In the photograph Stalin talks with Truman and Secretary of State James Byrnes (both have their backs to the camera). The photograph of Potsdam is courtesy the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, War Department, U.S. Army; this image, and the photograph of Truman's writing on the back of it, are courtesy the National Archives.

199

Meeting Notes and Presentations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Board Notes and Slides Board Notes and Slides Notes from EM Corporate QA Board Tele-Conference - February 22, 2010 1 of 2 General: Attendance of voting board members was documented. All members were present or had a representative present on the call. Previous 5 Focus Areas: Dave Tuttel presented the proposed closeout of the previous 5 focus areas for the EM Corporate Board. * Focus Area 1 (Requirements Flow Down) - Board voted to close the focus area (unanimous) * Focus Area 2 (Adequate NQA-1 Suppliers) - Board voted to close the focus area (unanimous) * Focus Area 3 (CGI and Services Dedication) - Board voted to close the focus area (unanimous) * Focus Area 4 (Graded Approach to QA) -Discussion noted that the area as a whole may need more work in the future focus areas even though the procurement piece is ready to close out. The discussion also noted

200

Note Field Name Worksheet Cell Status Definition Report Table...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secretary 1, etc. 8 Last Name Employee D5 Required Employee name - use full last name Vacancies - should be listed in last name column as Vacancy, Vacancy1 Vacancy2, etc. (each...

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201

BEDES Terms and Definitions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Terms and Definitions Terms and Definitions BEDES Terms and Definitions On this page you'll find terms and definitions associated with the Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES). Data Specification, or spec A data spec establishes clear field names, definitions, formats (e.g. number, text) and enumerations (categorical lists) It serves as a guide to ensure that data is consistent among a range of sources and uses. For example, Green Button is a data specification that is used for utility customers' energy consumption information. Data Schema A data schema (or model) describes the structural relationships, hierarchies, and dependencies between data fields. For example, a schema might dictate that energy consumption data should be associated with a meter and a space in a building. A data specification could be used as the

202

Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Canada  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012...

203

Stocks of Fuel Ethanol  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weekly Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 090514 091214 091914 092614...

204

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012...

205

Natural Gas Electric Power Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012...

206

California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012...

207

Propane/Propylene Days of Supply  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weekly Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 102414 103114 110714 111414...

208

Costs of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Drilled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Costs of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Drilled Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes 2002 2003...

209

Heat Content of Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-14 May-14...

210

Definition: Natural gas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Natural gas Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Natural gas A hydrocarbon gas obtained from underground sources, often in association with petroleum and coal deposits.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly includes varying amounts of other higher alkanes and even a lesser percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and hydrogen sulfide. Natural gas is an energy source often used for heating, cooking, and electricity generation. It is also used as fuel for vehicles and as a chemical feedstock in the manufacture of plastics and other commercially important organic chemicals. Natural gas is found in

211

Matt Johnson Lecture Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Matt Johnson Lecture Notes WILDLIFE ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT (Humboldt State Univ. WLDF 300 are. My name is Dr. Matt Johnson, and I'll be teaching both the lecture and discussion sections

Johnson, Matthew

212

EWS NOTES N  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EWS NOTES EWS NOTES N f √ ν Fermilab Friends for Science Education Fermilab Friends for Science Education exists to support innovative science education programs. Fall, 2009 Lynda Ballingall, Mike McGee and Mary Jo Murphy at the Fermilab booth Can they accelerate the ball? Michael Cooke and David Schmitz with liquid helium A cryogenic cannon - how cool is that?! Fermilab was a year-long participant in Science Chicago's LabFest, a series of events throughout the

213

Some comments on the note "Some comments on the paper 'Filter design for the detection of compact sources based on the Neyman-Pearson detector' by M. Lopez-Caniego et. al (2005, MNRAS 359, 993)" by R. Vio and P. Andreani (astroph/0509394)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note we stress the necessity of a careful check of the arguments used by Vio & Andreani (2005) (VA hereinafter) to criticise the superior performance of the biparametric scale adaptive filter (BSAF) with respect to the classic matched filter (MF) in the detection of sources on a random Gaussian background. In particular, we point out that a defective reading and understanding of previous works in the literature (Rice 1954; Barreiro et al. 2003; Lopez-Caniego et al. 2005) leads the authors of VA to the derivation of an incorrect formula and to some misleading conclusions.

M. Lopez-Caniego; D. Herranz; R. B. Barreiro; J. L. Sanz

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

214

Some comments on the note "Some comments on the paper 'Filter design for the detection of compact sources based on the Neyman-Pearson detector' by M. Lopez-Caniego et. al (2005, MNRAS 359, 993)" by R. Vio and P. Andreani (astroph/0509394)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note we stress the necessity of a careful check of the arguments used by Vio & Andreani (2005) (VA hereinafter) to criticise the superior performance of the biparametric scale adaptive filter (BSAF) with respect to the classic matched filter (MF) in the detection of sources on a random Gaussian background. In particular, we point out that a defective reading and understanding of previous works in the literature (Rice 1954; Barreiro et al. 2003; Lopez-Caniego et al. 2005) leads the authors of VA to the derivation of an incorrect formula and to some misleading conclusions.

Lopez-Caniego, M; Barreiro, R B; Sanz, J L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

EIAs Proposed Definitions for Natural Gas Liquids  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Definitions for Natural Gas Liquids 1 Definitions for Natural Gas Liquids 1 June 14, 2013 EIA's Proposed Definitions for Natural Gas Liquids Term Current Definition Proposed Definition Note Lease condensate Condensate (lease condensate): A natural gas liquid recovered from associated and non associated gas wells from lease separators or field facilities, reported in barrels of 42 U.S. gallons at atmospheric pressure and 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Lease condensate: Light liquid hydrocarbons recovered from lease separators or field facilities at associated and non-associated natural gas wells. Mostly pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons. Normally enters the crude oil stream after production. Includes lease condensate as part of the crude oil stream, not an NGL. Plant condensate Plant condensate: One of the

216

muon Collider Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Muon Collider Notes Muon Collider Notes MC-001 D. Neuffer, "Colliding Muon Beams at 90 GeV" Fermilab Note FN-319, July 1979. MC-002 D. Neuffer, "Principles and Applications of Muon Cooling" Proc. of the 12th International Conf. on High-Energy Accelerators, p. 481, 1983. MC-003 V.V. Parkhomchuk and A.N. Skrinsky, "Ionization Cooling: Physics and Applications" Proc. of the 12th International Conf. on High-Energy Accelerators, p. 485, 1983. MC-004 E.A. Perevedentsev and A.N. Skrinsky, "On the Proton Klystron" Proc. of the 12th International Conf. on High-Energy Accelerators, p. 508, 1983. MC-005 D. Neuffer, "Principles and Applications of Muon Cooling" Particle Accelerators, Vol. 14, p. 75, 1983. MC-006 D. Neuffer, "Multi-TeV Muon Colliders" Proc. of the Advanced

217

NEWS and Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...George Klemperer, 81, retired pro-pressor of internal...December 24 in Boston. He retired in 1933 and came to the...1935. 39 Porter James Crawford, 51, director of the...December 27 in Havana. Dr. Crawford joined the founda-tion...length, the definition of units of heat, and re-vision...

1947-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

218

Network Algorithms (Lecture Notes)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network Algorithms (Lecture Notes) Dr. Stefan Schmid Thanks to Prof. Dr. Roger Wattenhofer and Prof to the Network Algorithms course! Computer systems are becoming more distributed and networked. This has two main, in order to fully exploit the distributed resource network, efficient algorithms need to be designed

Schmid, Stefan

219

SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Geological Survey, Urbana, Illinois. SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND...Treasurer, 0. H. Plant, the State University...Clarke, Jackson and Madison Coun-ties, Georgia...Medicine, San Juan. Dow V. BAxTER, associate...be celebrated by the Chemical Society, London, at...

1934-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

220

Computer Engineering Curriculum Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Computer Engineering Curriculum Notes 2013-2014 Technical Electives Students fulfill 15 credits be assigned to either group A or group B as determined by Computer Engineering program committee. Every year the computer engineering program committee will review the list and may make change(s). Group A (at least 6

Mather, Patrick T.

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221

Class Notes FOUNDATION SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEE 6443 Class Notes FOUNDATION SYSTEMS Applied Geotechnical Analysis and Evaluation by Paul W: 404-894-6226; Fax-2281 January 2004 #12;CEE 6443 FOUNDATION SYSTEMS Paul W. Mayne, PhD, P.E. Professor) ! Shallow Foundations ` Spread Footings ` Structural Mats/Rafts ` Deformations (deflections, displacements

Jacobs, Laurence J.

222

notes.ps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Next, let us consider the approximation of a function u 2 H2(I) by continuous,. piecewise-linear functions. Let ...... (1.7.10). Note that the recursion could have begun at any level of di erentiation. By the argu- ...... fv 2Mh : v j@= ghg: The Galerkin...

223

Documents Notes Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Documents Notes Common Requirements Application Form(typed) with 3 photos attached(3.5 x 4.5cm(including National Intelligence & Security Track), International Trade, International Finance, Korea and East Asia for Application : November 13(Tue), 2012 · Announcement of Documents Screening Results : 2 pm on November 21(Wed

Jang, Ju-Wook

224

NOTES ON AGRICULTURE (I.)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...NOTES ON AGRICULTURE (I.) ELECTRO-HORTICULTURE. THE latest results drawn from experi-ments...Cornell University has tested electric lighting ex-tensively during the past few years...writes: "He used the term electro-horticulture to desig-nate this new application...

BYRON D. HALSTED

1895-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

225

Forest Service Research Note  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hills fire of October 30-November 1, 1967 showing observation sites, Cleveland National Forest, southernU.S.O.A. Forest Service Research Note PSW-183 ABSTRACT: Two fires burned in the same area was rruch more disastrous than the Pine Hills fire of 1967. The earlier fire claimed 11 lives, and covered

Standiford, Richard B.

226

CURRENT NOTES ON METEOROLOGY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Weather Forecasts by Local Ob-servers,' 'Polarization...temperature, pressure, winds, rain-fall and cloudiness...special attention to the winds noted during the Gauss...the continent. Here the winds were found to be prevailingly...sea-board as easterly, foehn-like gales.' These...

R. DEC. WARD

1904-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

227

Definition: Interchange Schedule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Schedule Schedule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interchange Schedule An agreed-upon Interchange Transaction size (megawatts), start and end time, beginning and ending ramp times and rate, and type required for delivery and receipt of power and energy between the Source and Sink Balancing Authorities involved in the transaction.[1] Related Terms Interchange transaction References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Interchange_Schedule&oldid=480572" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

228

Definition: Direct current | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Direct current Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct current A type of electricity transmission and distribution by which electricity flows in one direction through the conductor, usually relatively low voltage and high current (such as from a battery). To be used for typical 120 volt or 220 volt household appliances, DC must be converted to alternating current (AC).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge. Direct current is produced by sources such as batteries, thermocouples, solar cells, and commutator-type electric machines of the dynamo type. Direct current may flow in a conductor such as a wire, but can also flow

229

Definition: Geothermal Literature Review | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Geothermal Literature Review Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Geothermal Literature Review A review of previously documented knowledge about an area to compile the critical points of current knowledge known and develop an overall understanding of the area or topic of interest. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A literature review is a text written by someone to consider the critical points of current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and as such, do not report any new or original experimental work. Also, a literature review can be interpreted as a review of an abstract accomplishment. Most often

230

Definition: Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Photovoltaics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Photovoltaics Pertaining to the direct conversion of light into electricity[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Photovoltaics (PV) is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar radiation into direct current electricity using semiconductors that exhibit the photovoltaic effect. Photovoltaic power generation employs solar panels composed of a number of solar cells containing a photovoltaic material. Materials presently used for photovoltaics include monocrystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon, amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride, and copper indium gallium selenide/sulfide. Due to the increased demand for renewable energy sources, the manufacturing of solar cells and photovoltaic arrays has advanced

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - appalachia variable definition Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

climate change... . The first component of the definition involves ... Source: McCarl, Bruce A. - Department of Agricultural Economics, Texas A&M University Collection:...

232

OPERATOR'S MANUAL IMPORTANT NOTES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-3 B) LOAD CONNECTION (I) and PAR. 3-3 C) LOAD CONNECTION (II) add the following: Load connectionsMODEL OPERATOR'S MANUAL IMPORTANT NOTES: 1) This manual is valid for the following Model: BOP 20-20, BOP 36-12, BOP 50-8, BOP 72-6, BOP 100-4 BOP 100W, 200W, 400W POWER SUPPLY #12;#12;1 LOAD

Kleinfeld, David

233

Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) surveys are active-source soundings which provide information about the electrical structure of the shallow subsurface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Transient electromagnetics, (also time-domain electromagnetics / TDEM), is a geophysical exploration technique in which electric and magnetic fields are induced by transient pulses of electric current and the subsequent decay response measured. TEM / TDEM methods are generally able to determine subsurface electrical properties, but are also sensitive to subsurface magnetic properties in applications like UXO detection and

234

Definition: Bioenergy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bioenergy Bioenergy Energy produced from organic materials from plants or animals.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources. Biomass is any organic material which has stored sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it may include wood, wood waste, straw, manure, sugarcane, and many other byproducts from a variety of agricultural processes. By 2010, there was 35GW of globally installed bioenergy capacity for electricity generation, of which 7GW was in the United States. In its most narrow sense it is a synonym to biofuel, which is fuel derived from biological sources. In its broader sense it includes biomass, the biological material used as a biofuel, as well as the

235

Global Oil Chokepoints Source: U.S. General Accountability Office  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Mar 2, 2011 Maritime chokepoints critical to petroleum markets Global Oil Chokepoints Source: U.S. General Accountability Office Note: Circles represent millions of barrels per day...

236

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NLC Home Page NLC Technical SLAC The LCC Tech Note series was started in July 1998 to document the JLC/NLC collaborative design effort. The notes are numbered sequentially and may also be given a SLAC, FNAL, LBNL, LLNL and/or KEK publication number. The LCC notes will be distributed through the Web in electronic form as PDF files -- the authors are responsible for keeping the original documents. Other document series are the NLC Notes that were started for the SLAC ZDR, the KEK ATF Notes, and at some future time there should be a series of Technical (NLD) Notes to document work on detector studies for the next-generation linear collider. LCC-0001 "Memorandum of Understanding between KEK and SLAC," 2/98. LCC-0002 "Transparencies and Summaries from the 1st ISG meeting: January 1998," G. Loew, ed., 2/98.

237

Definition: Bulk Electric System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bulk Electric System Bulk Electric System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Bulk Electric System As defined by the Regional Reliability Organization, the electrical generation resources, transmission lines, interconnections with neighboring systems, and associated equipment, generally operated at voltages of 100 kV or higher. Radial transmission facilities serving only load with one transmission source are generally not included in this definition.[1] Related Terms Regional Reliability Organization, transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Bulk_Electric_System&oldid=48030

238

Definition: Soil Gas Sampling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Soil Gas Sampling Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Soil Gas Sampling Soil gas sampling is sometimes used in exploration for blind geothermal resources to detect anomalously high concentrations of hydrothermal gases in the near-surface environment. Identification of high concentrations of hydrothermal gas species may indicates the presence of enhanced permeability (faults) and high temperature hydrothermal activity at depth. Soil gas data may also be used to study other important aspects of the geothermal system, such as distinguishing between magmatic and amagmatic sources of heat. The technique may also be used for ongoing monitoring of the geothermal system during resource development and production.

239

Definition: Brayton cycle | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Brayton cycle Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Brayton cycle A thermodynamic cycle using constant pressure, heat addition and rejection. Fuel and a compressor are used to heat and increase the pressure of a gas; the gas expands and spins the blades of a turbine, which, when connected to a generator, generates electricity.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The Brayton cycle is a thermodynamic cycle that describes the workings of a constant pressure heat engine. Gas turbine engines and airbreathing jet engines use the Brayton Cycle. Although the Brayton cycle

240

NOTE / NOTE Variability in organic matter lost by combustion in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) to the atmosphere through combustion of biomass. An estimated 1470 ± 59 km2 of peatland burns annually in boreal libère du carbone (C) directement dans l'atmosphère par la combustion de biomasse. AnnuellementNOTE / NOTE Variability in organic matter lost by combustion in a boreal bog during the 2001

Benscoter, Brian W.

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241

Meeting Summary Notes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Transportation Stakeholders Forum (NTSF) National Transportation Stakeholders Forum (NTSF) May 26, 2010 Meeting Summary Notes Opening Remarks - Steve O'Connor, DOE Office of Packaging and Transportation Steve O'Connor, DOE/EM Office of Packaging and Transportation welcomed the group to this first National Transportation Stakeholders Forum (NTSF) and thanked the planning committee and the dedication of the Midwest Council of State Government for hosting the meeting. The NTSF will focus on transportation across the DOE complex. Mr. O'Connor announced that the meeting would be recorded and questions for the panel could either be written down and passed to the session moderator or asked via the central microphone. Planners for the meeting have worked to ensure a more engaging panel format and to minimize the use of formal presentations. Mr. O'Connor

242

I. Definition and Scope  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Smart Grid RFI Page 2 November 1, 2010 - Smart Grid RFI Page 2 November 1, 2010 I. Definition and Scope I.1. We invite comment however on whether this [Title XIII] is the best way to define the smart grid. What significant policy challenges are likely to remain unaddressed if we employ Title XIII's definition? If the definition is overly broad, what policy risks emerge as a result? * While Title XIII starts framing the necessary committee's and organizations needed to start outlining the Smart Grid discussion, it is lacking in the clear definition of the objectives that the Department of Energy (DOE) should be trying to convey to the public and industry. * Policy challenges will always continue to exist with a topic with the breadth and depth of Smart Grid. However, by steering the discussion towards what the objectives of Smart

243

NOTES ON NEUTRON DEPTH PROFILING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOTES ON NEUTRON DEPTH PROFILING by J.K. Shultis Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering College of Engineering Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas 66506 Dec. 2003 #12;Notes on Neutron Depth Profiling J. Kenneth Shultis December 2003 1 Introduction The purpose of neutron depth profiling

Shultis, J. Kenneth

244

WF-NOTE-238  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 March 21, 2011 Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator to Drive the Future FEL Light Source C. Jing 1,2 , J. Power 1 , and A. Zholents 3 1. High Energy Physics Division, ANL 2. Euclid Techlabs, LLC 3. Advanced Photon Source, ANL Abstract: X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) are expensive instruments and a large part of the cost of the entire facility is driven by the accelerator. Using a high-energy gain dielectric wake-field accelerator (DWA) instead of the conventional accelerator may provide a significant cost saving and reduction of the facility size. In this article, we investigate using a collinear dielectric wakefield accelerator to provide a high repetition rate, high current, high energy beam to drive a future FEL x-ray light source. As an

245

News and Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...University of Illinois; and E. A...to biology, chemical structure and...Conference on Plant Physi-ology...isolated from plant and animal sources...them and other plant "organs...Organic Chemistry, Chemical Institute of...University of Illinois, who is secretary...

1953-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

246

Definition: Algae | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Algae Algae Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Algae Photosynthetic, plant-like organisms containing chlorophyll. Often fast growing and able to live in freshwater, seawater, or damp oils. May be unicellular and microscopic or very large, as in the giant kelps. Can be used as a source for biofuels, and has been engineered to produce ethanol, oil and even diesel.[1][2][3][4] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Biofuels, Algae fuel, bioenergy, sustainability References ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/glossary.html ↑ http://www.soil.ncsu.edu/publications/BMPs/glossary.html ↑ http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/26/business/energy-environment/26algae.html ↑ http://abcnews.go.com/International/algae-solve-worlds-fuel-crisis/story?id=14181088 Retrie

247

Definition: Briquettes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Briquettes Briquettes Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Briquettes A briquette is a small block of flammable biomass that can be used to cook, heat, and as a fuel, mostly in developing countries.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biomass briquettes are a biofuel substitute to coal and charcoal. They are used to heat industrial boilers in order to produce electricity from steam. The most common use of the briquettes are in the developing world, where energy sources are not as widely available. There has been a move to the use of briquettes in the developed world through the use of cofiring, when the briquettes are combined with coal in order to create the heat supplied to the boiler. This reduces carbon dioxide emissions by partially replacing coal used in power plants with materials that are

248

Definition: Biomass | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Biomass Organic matter, including: agricultural and forestry residues, municipal solid wastes, industrial wastes, and terrestrial and aquatic crops grown solely for energy purposes.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. It most often refers to plants or plant-derived materials which are specifically called lignocellulosic biomass. As a renewable energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Historically, humans have harnessed biomass-derived

249

Definition: Inverter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inverter Inverter Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Inverter A device that converts direct current electricity to alternating current either for stand-alone systems or to supply power to an electricity grid.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A power inverter, or inverter, is an electrical power converter that changes direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC). The input voltage, output voltage, and frequency are dependent on design. Static inverters do not use moving parts in the conversion process. Some applications for inverters include converting high-voltage direct current electric utility line power to AC, and deriving AC from DC power sources such as batteries. Related Terms Direct current, Alternating current, Electric grid, Distributed generation, alternating current, electricity generation, power, fuel

250

BWeb Notes for Chapter 5: Water Flows in the Mono Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pools of water stranded by the receding lake as well as evaporation from ground water brought and Power Water Conservation: The LADWP secure a low-cost source of water by helping its customers investBWeb Notes for Chapter 5: Water Flows in the Mono Basin Most of the BWeb notes in chapter 5 refer

Ford, Andrew

251

Definition of Energy Efficiency  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Users Energy Efficiency Page Energy Efficiency Definition Energy Users Energy Efficiency Page Energy Efficiency Definition Energy Efficiency: Definition Stairs) "Take the Stairs--Be More Energy Efficient" Person A interprets the sign as the "true" definition of energy efficiency. To Person A, the elevator is not being used. He is still getting to where he wants to go and using less energy in doing so. Person B considers the fact that she is not getting to where she is going with the same ease. She does not believe that she is being energy efficient, but instead she believes that she is "conserving energy" at a reduced level of service-she has to walk instead of ride. When it comes to trying to define "to be energy efficient" or "energy efficiency", there does not seem to be a single commonly-accepted definition of energy efficiency. Along the lines of Person B's thinking, it is generally thought that an increase in energy efficiency is when either energy inputs are reduced for a given level of service, or there are increased or enhanced services for a given amount of energy inputs.

252

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Section Section 1. Documentation Guide This section describes the data identification codes in the State Energy Data System (SEDS). The following six sections, one for each energy source and total energy, provide: descriptions of all the data series that are entered into SEDS; the formulas applied in SEDS for creating additional data series; and notes on special circumstances for any series. Appendix A is an alphabetical listing of the variable names and formulas used in consumption estimation; Appendix B lists the conversion factors used to convert physical units into British thermal units and cites the sources for those factors; Appendix C provides the state-level resident pop- ulation data used in per capita calculations; Appendix D presents the real gross domestic product by state used to calculate total energy per real dol- lar of economic output; Appendix E provides metric and other

253

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The The following six sections, one for each energy source and total energy, provide: descriptions of all the data series that are entered into SEDS; the formulas applied in SEDS for creating additional data series; and notes on special circumstances for any series. Appendix A is an alphabetical listing of the variable names and formulas used in consumption estimation; Appendix B lists the conversion factors used to convert physical units into British thermal units and cites the sources for those factors; Appendix C provides the state-level resident pop- ulation data used in per capita calculations; Appendix D presents the real gross domestic product by state used to calculate total energy per real dol- lar of economic output; Appendix E provides metric and other physical conversion factors for measures used in energy analyses; and Appendix F summarizes changes made since the last complete

254

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0147 CBP Tech Note-319  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 CBP Tech Note-319 June 2004 Abstract This note documents a set of expressions used to explore the issue of whether or not it is reasonable to consider a conventional positron source for a Tesla formatted beam. The critical issue is that of energy deposition in the conversion target and the comparison of the induced stress with the ultimate tensile strength of the target material. Since the length of the incident beam pulse is large in comparison to the ratio of beam size to the speed of sound, the concurrent pressure pulse dissipates in a time short compared to the overall pulse duration and one is left with only the Intrabeam Scattering in the NLC Main Damping Rings A. Wolski June 2004 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

255

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0130 CBP Tech Note-302  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

30 30 CBP Tech Note-302 March 2004 Abstract This note documents a set of expressions used to explore the issue of whether or not it is reasonable to consider a conventional positron source for a Tesla formatted beam. The critical issue is that of energy deposition in the conversion target and the comparison of the induced stress with the ultimate tensile strength of the target material. Since the length of the incident beam pulse is large in comparison to the ratio of beam size to the speed of sound, the concurrent pressure pulse dissipates in a time short compared to the overall pulse duration and one is left with only the Research and Development Issues for NLC Damping Rings 2003-2004 A. Wolski Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

256

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0150 CBP Tech Note-321  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 CBP Tech Note-321 June 2004 Abstract This note documents a set of expressions used to explore the issue of whether or not it is reasonable to consider a conventional positron source for a Tesla formatted beam. The critical issue is that of energy deposition in the conversion target and the comparison of the induced stress with the ultimate tensile strength of the target material. Since the length of the incident beam pulse is large in comparison to the ratio of beam size to the speed of sound, the concurrent pressure pulse dissipates in a time short compared to the overall pulse duration and one is left with only the Research and Development Issues for NLC Damping Rings 2004-2005 A. Wolski June 2004

257

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0155 CBP Tech Note-326  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 CBP Tech Note-326 July 2004 Abstract This note documents a set of expressions used to explore the issue of whether or not it is reasonable to consider a conventional positron source for a Tesla formatted beam. The critical issue is that of energy deposition in the conversion target and the comparison of the induced stress with the ultimate tensile strength of the target material. Since the length of the incident beam pulse is large in comparison to the ratio of beam size to the speed of sound, the concurrent pressure pulse dissipates in a time short compared to the overall pulse duration and one is left with only the Spin-Tracking Studies for Beam Polarization Preservation in the NLC Main Damping Rings

258

Field Notes in this issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be safe, but if they are also to meet national goals for congestion reduction, energy efficiency, and green- house gas emission reductions.1 He noted that the FTA study on the condition of our transit

259

GETEM Manuals and Revision Notes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Please refer to these manuals and revision notes prior to downloading and running theGeothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM). Because this is a beta version, you are urged to...

260

Cost Sharing Basics Definitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost Sharing Basics Definitions Some funding agencies require the grantee institution the project costs. Cost sharing is defined as project costs not borne by the sponsor. Cost sharing funds may resources or facilities. If the award is federal, only acceptable non-federal costs qualify as cost sharing

Finley Jr., Russell L.

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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261

Briefing note No. 2 Wisdom at the source of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water for livestock, irrigation, home gardens or other small-scale productive uses in addition to water water for livestock, irrigation, home gardens or other small-scale productive applications. However , 2004 and Faal et al 2009). In recent years, Water supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WaSH) implementers

Walter, M.Todd

262

Definition und Klassifizierung von Energiespeichern  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abb. 2.3 Definition von sektorenbergreifenden Energiespeichern am Beispiel von Power-to-Heat, flexibler Kraft-W...

Michael Sterner; Ingo Stadler

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Category:ISGAN Definitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ISGAN Definitions ISGAN Definitions Jump to: navigation, search ISGAN logo.png Looking for the ISGAN Smart Grid Glossary? For a user-friendly list of definitions, please visit the ISGAN Smart Grid Glossary. Add.png Add a Smart Grid definition Pages in category "ISGAN Definitions" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 238 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Definition:Adaptive Protection Definition:Adjacent Balancing Authority Definition:Advanced Interrupting Switch Definition:Advanced Metering Infrastructure (Ami) / Smart Meters Definition:Adverse Reliability Impact Definition:Altitude Correction Factor Definition:Ancillary Service Definition:Ancillary Services Revenue Definition:Anti-Aliasing Filter Definition:Area Control Error Definition:Arranged Interchange

264

Definition: Electric power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

power power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electric power The amount of energy produced per second; the rate at which electric energy is transferred; commonly expressed in megawatts (MW).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Electric power is the rate at which electric energy is transferred by an electric circuit. The SI unit of power is the watt, one joule per second. Electric power is usually produced by electric generators, but can also be supplied by chemical sources such as electric batteries. Electric power is generally supplied to businesses and homes by the electric power industry. Electric power is usually sold by the kilowatt hour (3.6 MJ) which is the product of power in kilowatts multiplied by running time in hours. View on Reegle Reegle Definition

265

Definition: Evaporative Cooling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Evaporative Cooling An evaporative cooler is a device that cools air through the evaporation of water. Evaporative cooling works by employing water's large enthalpy of vaporization. The temperature of dry air can be dropped significantly through the phase transition of liquid water to water vapor (evaporation), which can cool air using much less energy than refrigeration. Evaporative cooling requires a water source, and must continually consume water to operate.[1] References ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evaporative_cooler Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Evaporative_Cooling&oldid=601323" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes

266

Definition: District chilled water | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

chilled water chilled water Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png District chilled water Water chilled outside of a building in a central plant and piped into the building as an energy source for cooling. Chilled water may be purchased from a utility or provided by a central physical plant in a separate building that is part of the same multibuilding facility (e.g. a hospital complex or university).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms District heat References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=D ↑ http://buildingsdatabook.eren.doe.gov/Glossary.aspx#Tech Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:District_chilled_water&oldid=423381"

267

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notes Notes LCC - 0038 29/04/00 CBP Tech Note - 234 Transverse Field Profile of the NLC Damping Rings Electromagnet Wiggler 29 April 2000 17 J. Corlett and S. Marks Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory M. C. Ross Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, CA Abstract: The primary effort for damping ring wiggler studies has been to develop a credible radiation hard electromagnet wiggler conceptual design that meets NLC main electron and positron damping ring physics requirements [1]. Based upon an early assessment of requirements, a hybrid magnet similar to existing designs satisfies basic requirements. However, radiation damage is potentially a serious problem for the Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet material, and cost remains an issue for samarium cobalt magnets. Superconducting magnet designs have not been

268

Definition: Solar Lanterns | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lanterns Lanterns Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Solar Lanterns A lantern that provides light at night and recharges using the sun's energy. Modern solar lamps rely on LEDs, and are popular in developing countries where access to the energy grid can be hard[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A lantern is a portable lighting device or mounted light fixture used to illuminate broad areas. Lanterns may also be used for signaling, as torches, or as general light sources outdoors. Low light level varieties are used for decoration. The term "lantern" is also used more generically to mean a light source, or the enclosure for a light source. Examples are glass pane enclosed street lights, or the housing for the top lamp and lens section of a lighthouse.

269

Definition: Electric grid | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

grid grid Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electric grid A network of transmission lines, substations, transformers and more, that deliver electricity from power plants to consumers; In the continental U.S., the electric grid consists of three systems: the Eastern, Western Interconnect, and Texas Interconnects.[1][2][3][4] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An electrical grid is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from suppliers to consumers. It consists of generating stations that produce electrical power, high-voltage transmission lines that carry power from distant sources to demand centers, and distribution lines that connect individual customers. Power stations may be located near a fuel source, at a dam site, or to take advantage of renewable energy sources,

270

Definition: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Direct-current (DC) resistivity is an active source electrical technique in which current is applied to the ground using electrodes and the earth response (voltage or potential difference) is recorded. This survey generates a geoelectric section of apparent resistivity and enables an inference of subsurface geology.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ http://www.nga.com/Flyers_PDF/NGA_DC_Resistivity.pdf

271

Definition: Distributed generation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

generation generation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Distributed generation A term used by the power industry to describe localized or on-site power generation[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Distributed generation, also called on-site generation, dispersed generation, embedded generation, decentralized generation, decentralized energy or distributed energy, generates electricity from many small energy sources. Most countries generate electricity in large centralized facilities, such as fossil fuel, nuclear, large solar power plants or hydropower plants. These plants have excellent economies of scale, but usually transmit electricity long distances and can negatively affect the environment. Distributed generation allows collection of energy from many

272

Explanatory Notes Explanatory Notes The EIA-782 Surveys Background  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Explanatory Notes Explanatory Notes The EIA-782 Surveys Background The EIA-782 surveys were implemented in 1983 to fulfill the data requirements necessary to meet En- ergy Information Administration (EIA) legislative mandates and user community data needs. The re- quirements include petroleum product price, market distribution, demand (or sales), and product supply data, which are needed for a complete evaluation of petroleum market performance. The EIA-782 series includes the Form EIA-782A, "Refiners'/Gas Plant Operators' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Re- port"; Form EIA-782B, "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report"; and Form EIA- 782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption."

273

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The definition of an alternative fuel includes natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, electricity, hydrogen, fuel mixtures containing not less

274

Definition of life  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Definition of life Definition of life Name: Chris E Lee Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Does anyone know what is currently the most accepted idea on the characteristics needed for any kind of life? Replies: I assume since no one has answered your question in nearly a month that no one has a sufficient answer for you, so I'll take a crack at it. As far as I know, most of the accepted criteria for determining whether something is "alive" can also, at least individually, be applied to non-living things -- it's kind of difficult to say. The main points I can think of at the moment are: MOTION -- does it seem to move under its own power? Does it move with some discernible purpose? (Toward food, away from heat, etc) REPRODUCTION -- does it have some way of making more of itself, either through sexual reproduction or by budding or fissioning in some way?

275

Note: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may differ.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Note: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may to unpack the popular "crowdsourcing" term--revealing its roots in open source principles and outsourcing argumentation around the concept of crowdsourcing/crowd work. #12;Note: This syllabus may represent a past

276

EM QA Working Group September 2011 Notes | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Group September 2011 Notes Meeting minutes and notes from the EM QA Working Group video conference meeting held in September 2011. EM QA Working Group September 2011 Notes...

277

Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Facility Disposition Definitions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

43 43 Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Facility Disposition Definitions The following definitions describe the criteria required to achieve a maximum rating or maturity value of 5. It should be assumed that maturity values of 1-5 represent a subjective assessment of the quality of definition and/or the degree to which the end-state or maximum criteria have been met, or the product has been completed in accordance with the definition of maturity values. Rating Element Criteria for Maximum Rating COST A1 Cost Estimate A cost estimate has been developed and formally approved by DOE and is the basis for the cost baselines. The cost estimate is a reasonable approximation of Total Project Costs, and covers all phases of the project. The estimate is prepared in

278

Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

17 Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions The following definitions describe the criteria required to achieve a maximum rating or maturity value of 5. It should be assumed that maturity values of 1-5 represent a subjective assessment of the quality of definition and/or the degree to which the end-state or maximum criteria have been met, or the product has been completed in accordance with the definition of maturity values. Rating Element Criteria for Maximum Rating COST A1 Cost Estimate A cost estimate has been developed and formally approved by DOE and is the basis for the cost baselines. The cost estimate is a reasonable approximation of Total Project Costs, and covers all phases of the project. The estimate is prepared in

279

Numerical Analysis Lecture Notes Peter J. Olver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

some authors allow non-symmetric matrices to be designated as positive definite, we will only say coefficient and positive determinant (or nega- tive discriminant). A practical test of positive definiteness on several variables. This will require a short introduction to positive definite matrices. Assuming

Olver, Peter

280

AIMS Lecture Notes 2006 Peter J. Olver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

some authors allow non-symmetric matrices to be designated as positive definite, we will only say coefficient and positive determinant (or nega- tive discriminant). A practical test of positive definiteness variables. This will require a short introduction to positive definite matrices. Assuming the coefficient

Olver, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Briefing Note 2011 33 17 May 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Briefing Note 2011 ­ 33 17 May 2011 Fostering energy efficiency in BC's rental housing Produced Issue Overcoming barriers to energy efficiency (EE) in rental units is a critical yet under efficient products of Canada's rental housing boom in the 1960s and 1970sii . As noted in Briefing Note (BN

Pedersen, Tom

282

NOTES ON PRODUCT SYSTEMS WILLIAM ARVESON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOTES ON PRODUCT SYSTEMS WILLIAM ARVESON Abstract. We summarize the basic properties of continuous tensor product systems of Hilbert spaces and their role in non-commutative dynamics. These are lecture notes, not intended for publication. 1. Concrete Product Systems In these notes we assume the reader

Arveson, William

283

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 May 2001 Lattice Description for NLC Damping Rings at 120 Hz Andrzej Wolski Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract: We present a lattice design for the NLC Main Damping Rings at 120 Hz repe tition rate. A total wiggler length of a little over 46 m is needed to achieve the damping time required for extracted, normalized, vertical emittance below 0.02 mm mrad. The dynamic aperture (using a linear model for the wiggler) is in excess of 15 times the injected beam size. The principal lattice parameters and characteristics are presented in this note; we also outline results of studies of alignment and field quality tolerances. CBP Tech Note-227 LCC-0061 Lattice Description for NLC Main Damping Rings at 120 Hz Andrzej Wolski Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

284

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Notice: Ongoing analysis of imports data to the Energy Information Administration reveals that some imports are not correctly reported on Form EIA-814 "Monthly Imports Report". Contact with the companies provides sufficient information for EIA to include these imports in the data even though they have not provided complete reports on Form EIA-814. Estimates are included in aggregate data, but the estimates are not included in the file of Company-Level Imports. Therefore, summation of volumes for PAD Districts 1-5 from the Company-Level Imports will not equal aggregate import totals. Explanation of Codes Used in Imports Database Files SURVEY_ID EIA-814 Survey Form Number for Collecting Petroleum Import Statistics

285

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notes Notes LCC - 0018, 15/06/99 Rev B, June 2002 Correct Account of RF Deflections in Linac Acceleration June 15, 1999 G.V. Stupakov Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, California Abstract: During acceleration in the linac structure, the beam not only increases its longitudinal momentum, but also experiences a transverse kick from the accelerating mode which is linear in accelerating gradient. This effect is neglected in such computer codes as LIAR and TRANSPORT. We derived the Hamiltonian equations that describe the effect of RF deflection into the acceleration process and included it into the computational engine of LIAR. By comparing orbits for the NLC main linac, we found that the difference between the two algorithms is about 10\%. The effect will be more pronounced at smaller

286

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 10/03/00 4, 10/03/00 Luminosity for NLC Design Variations March 10, 1999 K.A. Thompson and T.O. Raubenheimer Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, CA, USA Abstract: In this note we give Guineapig simulation results for the luminosity and luminosity spectrum of three baseline NLC designs at 0.5~TeV and 1.0~TeV and compare the simulation results with analytic approximations. We examine the effects of varying several design parameters away from the NLC-B-500 and NLC-B-1000 designs, in order to study possible trade-offs of parameters that could ease tolerances, increase luminosity, or help to optimize machine operation for specific physics processes. Luminosity for NLC Design Variations K.A. Thompson and T.O.Raubenheimer INTRODUCTION In this note we give Guineapig [l] simulation results for the luminosity and

287

Notes On Nuclear Energy Regulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Notes On Nuclear Energy Regulation ... Geology matters is a key lesson from the 2011 earthquake and tsunami that hit the coast of Japan, resulting in the meltdown of three nuclear reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant complex, said Allison M. Macfarlane, new head of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, at her first press briefing last week. ... In her address to energy reporters, she focused on her top priorities for the commission. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

288

Definition: Single-Well And Cross-Well Seismic Imaging | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Single-Well And Cross-Well Seismic Imaging (Redirected from Definition:Single-Well And Cross-Well Seismic) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Single-Well And Cross-Well Seismic Imaging Single well seismic imaging (SWSI) is the application of borehole seismic sources and receivers on the same string within a single borehole in order to acquire CMP type shot gathers. Cross well seismic places sources and receivers in adjacent wells in order to image the interwell volume.[1] Also Known As SWSI References ↑ http://library.seg.org/ Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Single-Well_And_Cross-Well_Seismic_Imaging&oldid=690246"

289

Definition: PV array | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PV array PV array Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png PV array An interconnected system of PV modules that function as a single electricity-producing unit. In smaller systems, an array can consist of a single module.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A Photovoltaic system (informally, PV system) is an arrangement of components designed to supply usable electric power for a variety of purposes, using the Sun (or, less commonly, other light sources) as the power source. PV systems may be built in various configurations: Off-grid without battery (Array-direct) Off-grid with battery storage for DC-only appliances Off-grid with battery storage for AC & DC appliances Grid-tie without battery Grid-tie with battery storage A photovoltaic array (also called a solar array) consists of multiple photovoltaic modules, casually

290

Definition: Algae fuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fuel fuel Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Algae fuel A specific type of biofuel, made by chemically processing oils from algae.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Algae fuel or Algal biofuel is an alternative to fossil fuel that uses algae as its source of natural deposits. Several companies and government agencies are funding efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially viable. Harvested algae, like fossil fuel, releases CO2 when burnt but unlike fossil fuel the CO2 is taken out of the atmosphere by the growing of algae and other biofuel sources. The energy crisis and the world food crisis have ignited interest in algaculture (farming algae) for making vegetable oil, biodiesel, bioethanol, biogasoline, biomethanol, biobutanol and other biofuels, using

291

Definition: Active Seismic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seismic Techniques Seismic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Active Seismic Techniques Active seismic techniques study the behavior of artificially-generated elastic waves in the subsurface. A seismic wave or pulse is generated at the surface by an active seismic source which can be a vibration, mechanical impact, or near-surface explosion.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Seismic waves are waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that imparts low-frequency acoustic energy. Many other natural and anthropogenic sources create low amplitude waves commonly referred to as ambient vibrations. Seismic waves are studied by geophysicists called seismologists. Seismic wave fields are recorded by a seismometer,

292

Definition: Biomass Briquettes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Briquettes Biomass Briquettes Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Biomass Briquettes a biofuel substitute to coal and charcoal. They are used to heat, cook, and for energy, where they heat industrial boilers in order to produce electricity from steam. The most common use of the briquettes are in the developing world, where energy sources are not as widely available.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biomass briquettes are a biofuel substitute to coal and charcoal. They are used to heat industrial boilers in order to produce electricity from steam. The most common use of the briquettes are in the developing world, where energy sources are not as widely available. There has been a move to the use of briquettes in the developed world through the use of cofiring, when the briquettes are combined with coal in order to create the

293

Definition: Stoneley Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stoneley Analysis Stoneley Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Stoneley Analysis A type of large-amplitude interface, or surface, wave generated by a sonic tool in a borehole. Stoneley waves can propagate along a solid-fluid interface, such as along the walls of a fluid-filled borehole and are the main low-frequency component of signal generated by sonic sources in boreholes. Analysis of Stoneley waves can allow estimation of the locations of fractures and permeability of the formation. Stoneley waves are a major source of noise in vertical seismic profiles.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A Stoneley wave is a high-amplitude surface wave (or interface wave) that typically propagates along a solid-solid interface. When found at a liquid-solid interface, this wave is referred to as a Scholte wave. The

294

Definition: Heat pump | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pump pump Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Heat pump Heating and/or cooling equipment that, during the heating season, draws heat into a building from outside and, during the cooling season, ejects heat from the building to the outside[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A heat pump is a device that transfers heat energy from a heat source to a heat sink against a temperature gradient. Heat pumps are designed to move thermal energy opposite the direction of spontaneous heat flow. A heat pump uses some amount of external high-grade energy to accomplish the desired transfer of thermal energy from heat source to heat sink. While compressor-driven air conditioners and freezers are familiar examples of heat pumps, the term "heat pump" is more general and applies to

295

HEALTH LITERACY SOURCES A Guide for Health Professionals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEALTH LITERACY SOURCES A Guide for Health Professionals Lyman Maynard Stowe Library, UCHC Compiled discussing key considerations in writing CareNotesTM for Patients pages "In a concerted effort to make the patient education documents in the CareNotesTM System as accessible to patients as possible, without

Kim, Duck O.

296

Definition: Ampere | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ampere Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ampere A unit of measure for electric current that refers to the amount of electric charge passing a point per unit of time; frequently abbreviated to "amp".[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The ampere, often shortened to amp, is the SI unit of electric current and is one of the seven SI base units. It is named after André-Marie Ampère (1775-1836), French mathematician and physicist, considered the father of electrodynamics. In practical terms, the ampere is a measure of the amount of electric charge passing a point in an electric circuit per unit time with 6.241 × 10 electrons, or one coulomb per second constituting one ampere. The practical definition may lead to

297

Definition: Curtailment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Curtailment Curtailment Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Curtailment A reduction in the scheduled capacity or energy delivery of an Interchange Transaction.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Peak Curtailment Related Terms Interchange Transaction, energy, Interchange References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Curtailment&oldid=480471" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

298

Definition: Burden | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Burden Burden Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Burden Operation of the Bulk Electric System that violates or is expected to violate a System Operating Limit or Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit in the Interconnection, or that violates any other NERC, Regional Reliability Organization, or local operating reliability standards or criteria.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Bulk Electric System, System, Interconnection, sustainability References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Burden&oldid=493023" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions

299

NOTES:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......was thiolated by use of N-acetylhomo- cystein thiolactone. Mercury orange (MO) was com- bined to the thiolated globulin. The...B-III-7. Fine structures of the cell walls of Chlamy- dla organisms A. MATSUMOTO Inst. Virus Res., Kyoto Univ......

The Twenty-Ninth Annual meeting of the Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

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... Bradbury; a Common Magpie (Pica caudata), British Isles, presented by Mr. J. Loraine Baldwin, F.Z.S.; a Laughing Kingfisher (Dacelo gigantea] from Australia, presented ...

1879-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

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301

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... THE death of Mrs. Garrett Anderson on December 18, at eightyxMie years of age, deprives the world of a pioneer whose persistent efforts ...

1917-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

302

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of his remarks he referred to the animated discussion which took place recently in the newspapers as to whether Greek should be a compulsory subject in university examinations -which is ... the subjects of other communications.

1905-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

303

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Nevis observatories. A comparison of the evening weather forecasts (which appear in.the morning newspapers) shows that the percentage of complete and partial success during the year amounted to ... on the future of anatomical teaching, delivered before the Middlesex Hospital Medical Society on October 18, and published in the December number of the Middlesex Hospital ...

1901-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

304

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... him of a volume of essays representative of British anthropology. The current volume of the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute is dedicated to Prof. Tylor; and the presentation of ... the late Sir William Perkin as president of the society.

1907-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

305

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is a collection of 4000 volumes and 6000 pamphlets, and includes many mathematical and astronomical publications of unusual interest. Among them may be mentioned an early edition of Euclid's ... lectures for the part of the session after Christmas.

1910-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

306

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... disease of India and other tropical countries. Major Patton adduces further evidence in the Indian Journal of Medical Research, vol. 9/1921, pp. 240, 252, and 255, ... . In a critical review on the subject in the Tropical Diseases Bull., vol. 18, 1921, p. 155, Dr. Warrington Yorke expresses the opinion that the theoretical grounds ...

1921-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... society is in a very flourishing condition. It numbers 2957 members, and of its journal, Stahl-und-Eisen, every fortnight 4900 copies are published. The meeting was well ... taking place at Boston and in England. The results are discussed regularly in a special publication, frequently noticed in NATURE, printed at the expense of the German Government, which ...

1904-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

308

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , at the last moment, declined to sanction the expenditure of public money on the publication of the Eclipse Reports of i860 and 1870. We understand the combined report is ... has been expended. There are innumerable cases which may be cited as precedents for the publication of similar documents by the Government; as, for example, the Survey of Sinai, ...

1871-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... at Cambridge. A full report of the proceedings will be found in the British Medkal Journal for July 31. Prof. Hopkins said that he deplored the scepticism concerning the whole ... conditions of Eastern Europe, apart from humanitarian considerations.

1920-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

310

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... . Recently he presented to the Cantonal Museum at Lausanne his collection of butterflies, numbering 18, 000 rare specimens.

1910-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

311

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... been nominated presidents of sections for the Glasgow meeting of the British Association, September 1118, 1901: A (Mathematical and Physical Science), Major P. A. MacMahon, F. ...

1900-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

312

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of trade is reported by the Vienna correspondent of the Times as follows: "A newspaper in the Japanese language has recently been published at Yokohama under English auspices. The ... Japanese language has recently been published at Yokohama under English auspices. The aim of this journal, for which only a very moderate charge is made, is to familiarise the people ...

1895-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

313

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... been built by M. Lambot-Miravel in 1849, and was exhibited at the Exposition Universelle of 1855. An early example of ferro-concrete barge-building is the vessel completed ...

1916-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

314

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... abstract of a long memoir by that author, to be found in the Bibliotheque Universelle, Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturellts, vol. xliii., for 1872.

1872-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

315

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... au sein de 1'Academic des Sciences au sujet de la decouverte de 1 attraction universelle M. Leverrier has republished from the Comptes Rendus the whole of his argument in ...

1869-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

316

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... should be given to M. Elisde Reclus, author of the well-known "Nouvelle Gographie Universelle."It is expected that the Academy will ratify the decision.

1891-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

317

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... approaching Exhibition at Paris has just been published under the title "Guide de 1'Exposition Universelle et de la Ville de Paris."(Paris: Bureau de la Publicite.) It ...

1878-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

318

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... a copy of his article on La Houille blanche,"which appeared in the Revue Universelle. The paper describes in a popular manner the utilisation of water power for industrial ...

1902-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

319

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Clarens, on the Lake of Geneva, the work of his life-the "Nouvelle G6ographie Universelle,"the first volume of which appeared in 1876. The work was issued in parts ...

1905-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

320

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Counties Photographic Association propose to hold an international photographic exhibition next April.

1893-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

P ratios at depth in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans exceed. Redfield values, also leading ... overlying a temperature minimum (near freezing point) just above the...

1999-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

322

Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inters de ir a participar. Alfonso Gutirrez Santaf de Bogot FALL 1996 175 Redes de mujeres de teatro en Sudamrica El ao 1995 y los primeros meses de 1996 han mostrado una intensa actividad de las redes de Mujer y Teatro en Buenos Aires y en...

Editors

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ascertaining the loss of spirit in making liquid galenicals. Upon these experiments was based the rebate on exportation of spirituous medicinal preparations under drawback. As a phar macist pure and ...

1916-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

324

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... traction from a sanitary point of view is probably admitted by everyone, and certainly the electric car would afford the best solution. Mr. Joel is of opinion that there is a ...

1903-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

325

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... concrete, 37; phonograph, 37; incandescent electric lamp, 35; steam turbine, 34; electric car, 34; calculating machine, 33; internal-combustion engine, 33.

1913-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

326

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... reactions. Salts of mercury, platinum, and silver gave results analogous to those in the case of gold. In another series of experiments Mr. Carey Lea imbued pure strong paper ... much pressure as possible without tearing the paper. Marks were thus immediately obtained in the case of potassium ferricyanide, gold and platinum chlorides, mercuric oxide, and many silver salts. ...

1893-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... drawn from the disaster is (i) that roburite, or one of the so-called flameless explosives, should, in future, be used instead of powder, and (2) that ...

1895-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

328

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... been produced by the Ordnance Corps of the United States -army, and that the flameless effect is obtained by mixing certain substances with the propellant so that a dull red ... presents difficulties, both as to its tactical advantage in all circumstancesfor when the round is flameless there is usually a certain amount of smokeand also as to achieving the condition in ...

1921-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

329

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... North of England Institution had appointed a committee to examine and report upon the socalled flameless explosives for use in mines. A paper sketching the geology of the Birmingham district ...

1891-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

330

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... rabbits caught amongst the ruins; but if gaseous fuel is adopted in our houses and flameless regenerative furnaces are used in our manufactories it is probable that the coming New Zealander ...

1885-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

331

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......operation is obtained by heating the charge material...the 90 magnetic sector. The ion beam is...giving rise to large spaces under the cell body...more than half of space. In the foliate...possibilities. D-H-13. Construction and Application...thickness of gas space is decided by the......

The Twenty-Seventh Scientific Meeting of the Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Meeting 271 l-D-ll. The Construction and Specifications of the High...microscope is equipped with a sector type EELS, which will be used...new instrument for the real-space imaging of surface structures...Contamination Reduction Using Specimen Heating Holder in UHR-SEM Kazunichi......

The Forty-fifth Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... botany, South African College, Cape Town, died on November 3, at Mount Royal Hospital, Wynberg, at forty-six years of age. THE many friends of Major T. ... he laboured hard to persuade the plague-stricken to allow themselves to be taken to hospital, and for his efforts towards stamping out the plague he received the Kaisar-i-Hind ...

1916-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

334

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... control of the institute was felt very much. Mr. Rockefeller decided to erect a hospital, and provided a further 124,000?. for the purpose. In 1907, while the ... Instead of being compelled to treat almost every kind of disease, as in a general hospital, the physicians will concentrate on a few ailments. The hospital will have physiological, chemical ...

1910-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the highest hills, in Silhouette up to 2,200 ft. at which elevation Pitcher-plants abound, hanging in immense clusters over every stone, bush, and tree. Flowers ... the N. wardii which grows in Mahe. The tops of these mountains where the Pitchers grow have aperpetual moisture hanging over them, being almost constantly enveloped by mist and ...

1874-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

336

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and north-east of Cardiff lies a beautiful piece of hilly country, much frequented by pedestrians, and known as the Black Mountain or Black Forest district. It has not been ... fair weather most enjoyable excursions are to be anticipated. The country being essentially one for pedestrians, the excursions would take the form of an afternoon walk of from eight to ...

1891-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

337

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of experience has now been acquired regarding the cost of operating and maintaining systems of substations required in electric railway installations, and Dr. H. F. Parshall read a paper ... on November r having for its object the assisting towards the standardisation of electric railway substation practice. The number of independent variables when a complete system with ...

1914-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

338

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... lower level, and the discharge from the higher reservoir is being utilised to drive a hydroelectric plant, which will supply the power required for operating the ropeways, cranes, crushers, ... village where the workers will live. The power-house contains two 300 h.p. turbines, each directly coupled to a three-phase alternator of 200 kw. capacity at 2200 ...

1921-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

339

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... H. Barker, for his work in the development and adoption of the Parsons steam turbine throughout the principal countries of Europe; Prof. T. Kennedy DaJziel, professor of surgery ... of the Engineer for May i8 there is an interesting account of the very important hydroelectric power supply undertaking for Bombay known as the Tata power scheme, by which energy ...

1917-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

340

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , and giving it over to the elasticians; the mistaken deductions from the aerothermic and geothermic gradients; Ferrels mistaken deduction of whirls about the geographic poles, and so on. ... and cannot be replaced by, an of the others. Carbohydrates and fats, which supply energy, are to a certain extent interchangeable, but neither of them is a substitute for ...

1917-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

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341

NOTE:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the number of labeled cells in the brain remained...Participation of hemato- genous cells in the alterations in...Cd1+ and Hg1+ caused degradation and/or stabilization...Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Develop. Corp., lbaraki...preparation technique in a hot cell, and the influence of......

The Thirtyth Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is no reason why a time exposure should not be made, making use of a pyrotechnic composition with magnesium or aluminium as its base.

1902-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

343

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ft.), both with small hydrogen balloons, known as pilots, and with pyrotechnic balloons. The latter, devised by himself, are balloon-like firework pendants, which are ...

1912-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

344

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... makers of glue and size, of pottery, stoneware, and glass, of:gunpowder -and pyrotechnic compositions, of waterproof goods and insulating materials. Extensive as this list is, it ...

1882-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

345

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the cat increases the sparking, and ruffling its fur the reverse way produces a miniature pyrotechnic display quite remarkable. The cat itself does not seem to mind the sparking, but ...

1892-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

346

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... which "returned safe to Yenisseisk a few days ago, and is now landing and warehousing there the valuable cargo sent out from England."The same correspondent points out that ... Siberian forests are the largest in the world. Its mingral resources are immense, its climate, excepting the tundra ancT the northernmost forest region, healthy, and as favourable Jor ...

1890-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

347

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of Australia. No. i (issued March) is an excellent general epitome of the climate and meteorology of that continent, by Mr. G. H. Knibbs, reprinted from ... surface of the. gelatin after the latter has set. In a short time two zones become visible in the gelatin, one of which, the lower, travelling more quickly ...

1908-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

348

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... specially employed to look constantly after the centre of the town, where the offices, warehouses, and European houses are. The Governor, Sir Charles King 1-larman, is giving ... feet x I2 feet, a living room, two bedrooms, kitchen, &c. The climate is tempelate, fires being required in the evenings at least. The botanic garden itself ...

1901-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

349

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... force of a moderate to fresh gale was experienced. At Greenwich the pressure of the wind was 10 lb. on the square foot, at 9 am., on June 29 ... for information as to self-recording instruments of the variations in the direction of the wind, and suggests that no such self-registering ...

1906-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

350

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... recommended for election into the society:Mr. J. Barcroft, Prof. G. C. Bourne, Prof. A. P. Coleman, Dr. F. A. Dixey, Dr. L. ... Founded and maintained by Prof. A. Lawrence Rotch, detailed measurements of cloud heights and velocities were early conducted, and in 1894 the first meteorological records in the world were ...

1910-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

351

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... appliances; fine arts, literature, and science. The section devoted to science will include maps and charts of the West Indies, and objects relating to engineering, sanitation, gas, ... elaborated a method for the use of this instrument in determining the actual height and velocity of clouds by combining observations made when the vessel or observer moves successively in two ...

1890-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

352

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the department of the War Office which should be responsible for the production of necessary maps appeared in Saturday's Times from the military correspondent of that journal. The war ... in the Far East has lasted now for nearly nine months, and not a single map of the seat of war has been issued by the Government department which is the ...

1904-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

353

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... side of the Himalayas from Assam to the Indus course. Dr. Pilgrims paper and maps (Journ. Asiatic Soc. of Bengal, vol. xv., p. Si, 1919) ... to earth-movements as promoting the dislocation of the Assam-Punjab or Siwalik River. His maps of Western Asia in Eocene, Miocene, and Pliocene times are highly useful.

1920-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

354

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... his explorations in the region of the French Congo; Th. Moureaux, for his magnetic map of France; Father Colin, for his observations and triangulations in Madagascar; A. Courtry ... for his observations and triangulations in Madagascar; A. Courtry, for the production of a map of the Congo; V. de la Blache, for his general atlas; and Dr ...

1895-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

355

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... his journeys for entomological research in British West Africa, giving much ecological information and a map to show the ascertained range of five species of Glossina in Sierra Leone. Mr. ... trees and buildings in its track, and eventually passed into Lancashire near Runcorn. The wind is described as warm, but in South Wales, where the cyclone occurred earlier in ...

1914-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

356

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... J. Allen; council, Mr. G. P. Bidder, Mr. G. C. Bourne, Mr. Francis Darwin, Prof. J. B. Farmer, Dr. G. H. ... eskers has led to a large amount of literature. Many geologists now believe that these winding ridges of glacial gravel are the product chiefly of the subglacial drainage of an ice ...

1902-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

357

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... camps, and other earthworks; prehistoric implements and other remains, &. (d] Plans, maps, photographs, pictures, models, &. relating to the district; illustrations of the history ... in over the midland, eastern, and southern parts of England, accompanied by piercing easterly winds; the night minima in the shade fell to 16 at Loughborough, and to ...

1894-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

358

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... his party; (2) A journey from Perth to Adelaide, around the Great Australian Bight; (3) From Champion Bayjacross the desert to the Telegraph and to Adelaide. The ... M. Boreau was the author of a Flora of Central France and of the Basin of the Loire, a work which has reached its third edition. Many papers ...

1875-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

359

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......lectin leads to a changed distribution of car- 208 30th Annual Meeting bohydrate receptors...Possible roles of catecholamine nerves in the car- diovascular reflexes were discussed...The ring forms seemed to be possibly defective phages which might be spontaneously induced......

The Thirtyth Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......staining with ruthenium red. Smith diffuse strain...distributed in dense aggre- gates, alternating with particle-free...Immedi- ately smal wood blocks (2x2x3mm) were...Reference DNA amount of chick red blood cells was 100...nitrogen impurity aggre- gate. It Is evident experimentally......

The Forty-fifth Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the Government of New South Wales, which has supplied all the boring plant free of cost, and by the munificent gift from Miss Walker, of Sydney, of 500l., ... The Birmingham Corporation Waterworks,"by Mr. Henry Davey;. "High Speed Self-lubricating Steam Engines,"by Mr. Alfred Morcom: "Mechanical Features of Electric Traction,"by Mr. Philip ...

1897-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... his being alive. Dr. Diesel will be remembered as the inventor of the oil engine which bears his name. Born in Paris in 1858, of German parentage, his ... technical schools and at the Munich Technical College. His first published description of the Diesel engine appeared in 1893; aided financially by Messrs. Krupp and others, the next few ...

1913-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

363

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Stningfellow and W. S. Henson with regard to a partnership for constructing a model of an aerial machine, dated December 29, 1843.

1917-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... income to be derived from the sale of these works of reference will defrav the cost of preparation and publication, and it would therefore appear that such work would require ... -of whom little is known; a study of irrigating devices, with comparison of ancient models; and basket-making. On these subjects monographs will be prepared, and documents, sketches ...

1918-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

365

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... to be so preeminently the best one to use. Thus, apart from questions of cost and weight, the very safety of the electrical lamp is in itself a drawback, ... one inch of water. Among the advantages of the Parsons steam turbine over the ordinary reciprocating ...

1901-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

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Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......20a-AIQ-l. An application of LaB8 cathode gun to low accelerating voltage...LaB8 and tungsten hair pin cathode. The dependence of the diameter...lanthanum nitrate (pH 8). The materials were dehydrated and embedded...fixation of the cell and the active ex- change of small molecules......

The Thirty-second Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... formed fissure were about to cease. The principal crater, however, showed signs of renewed activity. On Tuesday the following telegram was despatched from Catania through Reuter's agency:-" ... in volume and intensity. Five craters at different points on the mountain are showing great activity. Loud explosions occur continually, and this morning there was a strong shock of earthquake ...

1892-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

368

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... immediately, a complete "Text-book of Mechanical Engineering,"by Mr. W. J. Lineham, the Head of the Engineering Section of the Goldsmiths' Institute, New Cross. The ...

1894-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

369

NOTES:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Dept. Zool., Fac. Sci., Kyoto Univ., Kyoto and *Dept. Hum. Biol. Chem. Genet., Univ. Texas Med. Branch, Galveston, Texas Changes of Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, and endo- plasmic reticulum (ER) during cell division in rat......

The Thirty-second Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... survivals survive, they are not quite dead after all, but in some humble and surreptitious way of their own help to constitute and condition the living present, whether it ...

1918-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

371

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... east to north-west, and on the causes of the change of bed of the Amu- ... -darya. Combining some observations relative to the structure of the shores of lakes Aral and ...

1877-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

372

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... announces the discovery of another ancient city, Achsy, on the right bank of the Amu ...Darya. Remains of brick walls and other buildings are said to be visible in considerable ...

1884-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

373

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Prof. Wild, on the temperature of the soil at St. Petersburg and Nukus (Amu- ... -darya); geographical, magnetic, and hypsometric observations, by M. Fritsche, made during his ...

1879-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

374

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the causes which determined its drying up and the change of bed of the Amu- ... -darya-all remain as open a field of inquiry as ever. We find immense gaps ...

1877-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

375

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... an active part in the difficult exploration of the Aral-Caspian expedition and explored the Amu- ... -Darya. The Mines Journal and the Memoirs of the Mineralogical and Geographical Societies, as well ...

1877-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

376

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, under date August 6, on the subject of "Dead Humble-bees under Lime Trees."Dead ... -bees under Lime Trees."Dead humble bees, more or less mutilated, have often been observed in large numbers under lime ...

1885-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

377

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... fry home from America, and. that they are safely deposited in the tanks at Troutdale, Keswick, and are feeding heartily, so that they may now be considered safe. ...

1872-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MEMBERSHIP COHM ITTEE Ross R. Heinrich...n~bers and changes or address should...seismograms, (2) a world-wide...Utah a 0.3 Bonneville lake beds Scoresbysund...Alaska 1.1 2.0 Graywacke...Stores, 221 North Grand Boulevard...SEISM and the name of the station...day of month (2) ml n2 sl s2...

379

Note  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finally, we will end with Klein's conception of what Euclidean ... By the previous theorem, AC = |b1 ? a1| and BC = |b2 ? a2|. Then by Pythagoreas' theorem...

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

380

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... director of the astrophysical observatory at Potsdam, in succession to the late Prof. K. Schwarzschild.

1917-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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381

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... . Kampf, who will have two assistants, and will occupy stations at Las Vegas, Cimmaron, Sidney Barracks, Julesburgh, and the crossing of the Union Pacific Railroad at the ...

1874-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

382

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... on the Gulf-Stream and the climate of Northern Europe as the emptying of a teapot-ful of boiling water into the Arctic Ocean would have in raising the annual temperature ...

1882-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

383

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... species of each important genus. Further, to add to its value as a practical handbook, the author has given an introductory account of lichen structures and modes of reproduction. ... on this question carried out of late years in this country and in India.

1911-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

384

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of Mount Everest (29,141 ft.) the climber would probably be near his last reserves in the way of acclimatisation and strength, but that he could accomplish the feat ... in Spitsbergen. The coal, although of Tertiary origin, is of good steam quality. Lignite has been known in Iceland for some time, but so far has had no ...

1917-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

385

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the new instrument, it appears to be especially useful for the measurement of very small resistances. The author concludes that this rheostat leaves far behind all former ones, and that ... will be in physics, chemistry, and either comparative anatomy or botany, in addition to elementary classical and mathematical papers. Candidates must give a fortnight's notice of their inten ...

1877-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

NOTES:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......megakaryocytes were found. The fenestrations of sacs were also found in the Golgi apparatus. 17. The preparation of alumina micro-grid and its ap- plications Y. FUIIYOSHI, Y. SAITO and N. UYEDA Inst. Chem. Res., Kyoto Univ., Uji, Kyoto A new......

Abstracts of Papers Presented at the 1976 Kansai Regional Scientific Meeting of the Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... remained until his death. Among the subjects on which he wrote are astronomical refraction, solar physics, and the application of physical theory to stellar problems. He also made contributions ... of attempting to detect relative motion between the'ether and the earth, A. O. Rankine; the ultimate efficiency of illuminants, C. V. Drysdale; the variability in light ...

1907-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

388

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... directed to their importance as affecting tempera-ture, rainfall, and the direction of the vind.

1893-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

389

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

390

Sociocultural definitions of risk  

SciTech Connect

Public constituencies frequently are criticized by technical experts as being irrational in response to low-probability risks. This presentation argued that most people are concerned with a variety of risk attributes other than probability and that is rather irrational to exclude these from the definition and analysis of technological risk. Risk communication, which is at the heart of the right-to-know concept, is described as the creation of shared meaning rather than the mere transmission of information. A case study of utilities, public utility commissions, and public interest groups illustrates how the diversity of institutional cultures in modern society leads to problems for the creation of shared meanings in establishing trust, distributing liability, and obtaining consent to risk. This holistic approach to risk analysis is most appropriate under conditions of high uncertainty and/or decision stakes. 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Rayner, S.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Quadrupole Magnetic Center Definition Using the Hall Probe Measurement Technique  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quadrupole Magnetic Center Definition Quadrupole Magnetic Center Definition Using the Hall Probe Measurement Technique Isaac Vasserman Experimental Facility Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory 1. Introduction The linac coherent light source [LCLS] project [1] requires 5 µm straightness of the particle beam trajectory to achieve the desired goal of x-ray multiplication. The main source of beam trajectory distortion is misalignment of quadrupoles. The LCLS project will use a beam-based alignment technique to align the quadrupoles to the needed accuracy. An initial accuracy of the quadrupole alignment not worse than 50 µm is required [2]. A different technique could be used for this purpose. It would be though quite desirable to avoid using an additional magnetic measurement technique and to use

392

Status of the Kharkov Linac Polarized Electron Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this note we briefly describe the GaAs polarized electron source, which is the full-scale injector prototype for the electron linear accelerator of the Kharkov Institute of...

V. L. Agranovich; A. V. Glamazdin; V. G. Gorbenko

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Definition: Controllable/Regulating Inverter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controllable/Regulating Inverter Controllable/Regulating Inverter Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Controllable/Regulating Inverter AC to DC converters that properly regulate voltage and can be controlled remotely. These devices can significantly increase the integration of renewable or intermittent sources of electricity.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Mechanical rectifier Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ [www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/description_of_assets.pdf SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Assets'] An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Controllable/Regulating_Inverter&oldid=480447" Categories:

394

Organization Organization Address Place Zip Notes Website Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Organization Organization Address Place Zip Notes Website Region Organization Organization Address Place Zip Notes Website Region Adirondack North Country Association Adirondack North Country Association Main Street Suite Saranac Lake New York http www adirondack org Northeast NY NJ CT PA Area African Renewable Energy Alliance AREA African Renewable Energy Alliance AREA Online http area network ning com xg source msg mes network Alliance for Sustainable Colorado Alliance for Sustainable Colorado Wynkoop Street Denver Colorado Mission of is to catalyze the shift to a truly sustainable world by fostering collaboration among nonprofits businesses governments and academia http www sustainablecolorado org Rockies Area American Clean Skies Foundation American Clean Skies Foundation st Street NE Suite Washington District of Columbia http www cleanskies

395

Gamma?ray burst repetition and the definition of bursts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We point out a basic inconsistency in the traditional definition of classical gamma?ray burst durations and we suggest an observational definition to correct it. All classical bursts occurring within an arbitrary data accumulation time are traditionally defined as a single multipeaked burst even when individual peaks are separated by periods of subthreshold emission and would retrigger an unbiased detector. Such peaks would also be identified as separate bursts if either the assumed accumulation time was shorter or the burst time scale was longer. This is a fundamental flaw in the traditional definition that seriously biases the identification of classical bursts and the statistical analysis of their properties. We suggest instead an observationally self?consistent definition for classical bursts simply defining burst duration as the time during which the emission averaged on the triggering time scale is continuously observable above the trigger threshold flux. This observational definition provides a consistent measure of both the number of bursts and their duration that directly reflects the detector trigger threshold and gives an unbiased sample above that threshold. We adopt this definition of burst duration for classical bursts and we find that a large fraction (?1/5 to 1/3) of the classical bursts repeat on rapid (?1 to 102 s) time scales. These repeated bursts clearly show that classical bursts are not standard candles. They also remind us that the observed intensity and spatial distributions are of burst occurrence not of burst sources because we cannot identify individual burst sources in large samples (e.g. KONUS and BATSE) where the uncertainty in position is greater than the random separation.

R. E. Lingenfelter; V. C. Wang; J. C. Higdon

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Definition: Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Energy Broadly defined as the capacity to do work. There are many forms of energy, including: chemical, electrical, gravitational, mechanical, nuclear, radiant, and thermal energy. The official SI unit for energy is the joule (J); energy can also be measured in calories or British thermal units (Btu).[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In physics, energy is a conserved extensive property of a physical system, which cannot be observed directly but can be calculated from its state. Energy is of central importance in physics. It is impossible to give a comprehensive definition of energy because of the many forms it may take, but the most common definition is that it is the capacity of a system to perform work. The definition of work in physics is the movement of a force

397

Definition: Sustainability | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Sustainability Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Sustainability An often broadly used term that refers to the study of future impacts of decisions made currently, and how we can best mitigate or eliminate negative impacts of activities today. Typically, sustainability is used to define choices made in energy and natural resource use. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Sustainability is the capacity to endure. In ecology the word describes how biological systems remain diverse and productive over time. Long-lived and healthy wetlands and forests are examples of sustainable biological systems. For humans, sustainability is the potential for long-term maintenance of well being, which has ecological, economic,

398

Definition: Geothermometry | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Geothermometry Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Geothermometry Chemical geothermometers are used to estimate reservoir temperatures for most of the systems. The geothermometers are based on temperature- dependent, water-rock reactions which control the chemical and isotopic composition of the thermal water. This method is applicable only to hot-water systems because the common chemical constituents of thermal water (SiO2, Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cl, HCO3, and CO3) are soluble in liquid water but lack significant solubility in steam.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Geothermobarometry is the science of measuring the previous pressure and temperature history of a metamorphic or intrusive igneous rocks.

399

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for...

400

THOMSON SCIENTIFIC EndNote Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THOMSON SCIENTIFIC EndNote Web® Quick Reference Card Web é um serviço através da Web projetado para auxiliar estudantes e pesquisadores no processo de elaboração de artigos de pesquisa. ISI Web of Knowledge, EndNote Desktop e EndNote Web são projetados para trabalhar continuamente em conjunto e otimizar sua

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

HSEP Committee Meeting - Transcribed Flipchart Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipchart Notes August 8, 2013 Safety Culture Next Steps 1. Continue to get periodic briefings from SCIPT - progress on action items, contractor engagement, etc. 2. Get update on...

402

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes January 17, 2008 Present: Diane Armpriest bag session (thresholds for data). The agenda item for the next ad hoc assessment committee

O'Laughlin, Jay

403

EM QA Working Group September 2011 Notes  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

management expectations and will be providing the contractor information soon. Ken Armstrong noted that the records group at the EMCBC would like to participate and provide some...

404

Contaminant Sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contaminant sources include almost every component in the manufacturing process: people, materials, processing equipment, and manufacturing environments. People can generate contaminating particles, gases, conden...

Alvin Lieberman

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic filter for an ion source reduces the production of undesired ion species and improves the ion beam quality. High-energy ionizing electrons are confined by the magnetic filter to an ion source region, where the high-energy electrons ionize gas molecules. One embodiment of the magnetic filter uses permanent magnets oriented to establish a magnetic field transverse to the direction of travel of ions from the ion source region to the ion extraction region. In another embodiment, low energy 16 eV electrons are injected into the ion source to dissociate gas molecules and undesired ion species into desired ion species.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Ehlers, Kenneth W. (Alamo, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

PIC Application Notes TechTools PIC Application Notes Page 23  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forrotaryencodersisthemouse,whichcontainstwoencodersthattrack the x- and y-axis movements of a ball in the device's underside Application Notes Page 24 · PIC Application Notes · TechTools consisting of a slotted wheel, two LEDs, and two

Peters, Dennis

407

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM CODE NOTES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IECC IECC BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM CODE NOTES 1 The intent of the pipe insulation requirements is to reduce temperature changes while fluids are being transported through piping associated with heating, cooling or service hot water (SHW) systems, thereby saving energy and reducing operating costs. Uninsulated piping systems that transport fluids can create water temperature irregularities, which ultimately requires additional heating or cooling and associated energy costs to bring the water to operating temperature. Any piping that carries heated or cooled water, including piping systems with external heating (e.g., heat trace or impedance heating), should be thermally insulated to reduce heat loss or gain, allowing the fluid to be delivered at the intended temperature.

408

Definition: Thermoelectric power generation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermoelectric power generation Thermoelectric power generation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Thermoelectric power generation The conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy. Thermoelectric generation relies on a fuel source (e.g. fossil, nuclear, biomass, geothermal, or solar) to heat a fluid to drive a turbine[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The thermoelectric effect is the direct conversion of temperature differences to electric voltage and vice-versa. A thermoelectric device creates voltage when there is a different temperature on each side. Conversely, when a voltage is applied to it, it creates a temperature difference. At the atomic scale, an applied temperature gradient causes charge carriers in the material to diffuse from the hot side to the cold

409

Definition: Commercial Loans | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Loans Loans Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Commercial Loans Commercial loans are the traditional debt finance (senior debt) where the source of repayment for creditors is the sponsoring company, backed by its entire balance sheet and not by the project's cash flows alone. For balance sheet owned projects, creditors sill analyze a project loan based on its own merits, but will also take into consideration the financial health of the sponsor's balance sheet and will estimate the net effect of the new project on the overall financial structure of the organization. The two most common examples of commercial loans are construction and mortgage loans.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Commercial Lender Related Terms Loans, Financing References

410

Definition: Fuel cell | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel cell Fuel cell Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Fuel cell An electrochemical device that converts chemical energy directly into electricity. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Hydrogen is the most common fuel, but hydrocarbons such as natural gas and alcohols like methanol are sometimes used. Fuel cells are different from batteries in that they require a constant source of fuel and oxygen/air to sustain the chemical reaction; however, fuel cells can produce electricity continually for as long as these inputs are supplied. In 1838, German physicist Christian Friedrich Schönbein invented the first

411

Definition: District heat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District heat District heat Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png District heat A heating system that uses steam or hot water produced outside of a building (usually in a central plant) and piped into the building as an energy source for space heating, hot water or another end use.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition District heating (less commonly called teleheating) is a system for distributing heat generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating. The heat is often obtained from a cogeneration plant burning fossil fuels but increasingly biomass, although heat-only boiler stations, geothermal heating and central solar heating are also used, as well as nuclear power. District heating plants can provide higher efficiencies and better

412

Definition: Electricity generation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity generation Electricity generation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electricity generation The process of producing electric energy or the amount of electric energy produced by transforming other forms of energy into electrical energy; commonly expressed in kilowatt-hours (kWh) or megawatt-hours (MWh).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Electricity generation is the process of generating electrical power from other sources of primary energy. The fundamental principles of electricity generation were discovered during the 1820s and early 1830s by the British scientist Michael Faraday. His basic method is still used today: electricity is generated by the movement of a loop of wire, or disc of copper between the poles of a magnet. For electric utilities, it is the

413

Definition: Seismic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Techniques Techniques Seismic methods provide information regarding the elastic properties of the subsurface through the measurement of the propagation velocity of elastic waves.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Seismology /saɪzˈmɒlədʒi/ is the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the Earth or through other planet-like bodies. The field also includes studies of earthquake effects, such as tsunamis as well as diverse seismic sources such as volcanic, tectonic, oceanic, atmospheric, and artificial processes (such as explosions). A related field that uses geology to infer information regarding past earthquakes is paleoseismology. A recording of earth motion as a function of time is called a seismogram. A seismologist

414

Definition: Artesian Well | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Well Well Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Artesian Well An artesian well is a water well that doesn't require a pump to bring water to the surface; this occurs when there is enough pressure in the aquifer. The pressure causes hydrostatic equilibrium and if the pressure is high enough the water may even reach the ground surface in which case the well is called a flowing artesian well.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition See Great Artesian Basin for the water source in Australia. An artesian aquifer is a confined aquifer containing groundwater under positive pressure. This causes the water level in a well to rise to a point where hydrostatic equilibrium has been reached. This type of well is called an artesian well. Water may even reach the ground surface if the natural

415

Definition: Exploration Drilling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Exploration Drilling Exploration Drilling Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Exploration Drilling Exploratory drilling is the Initial phase of drilling for the purpose of determining the physical properties and boundaries of a reservoir. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Geothermal Exploration is the exploration of the subsurface in search of viable active geothermal regions with the goal of building a geothermal power plant, where hot fluids drive turbines to create electricity. Exploration methods include a broad range of disciplines including geology, geophysics, geochemistry and engineering. Geothermal regions with adequate heat flow to fuel power plants are found in rift zones, subduction zones and mantle plumes. Hot spots are characterized by four geothermal elements. An active region will have: Heat Source - Shallow

416

Definition: Single-Well And Cross-Well Seismic Imaging | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Single-Well And Cross-Well Seismic Imaging Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Single-Well And Cross-Well Seismic Imaging Single well seismic imaging (SWSI) is the application of borehole seismic sources and receivers on the same string within a single borehole in order to acquire CMP type shot gathers. Cross well seismic places sources and receivers in adjacent wells in order to image the interwell volume.[1] Also Known As SWSI References ↑ http://library.seg.org/ Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Single-Well_And_Cross-Well_Seismic_Imaging&oldid=690246" Category:

417

Research Note Impacts of climate change on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Note Impacts of climate change on forestry in Scotland ­ a synopsis of spatial modelling research Duncan Ray January 2008 Climate change is now one of the greatest global challenges, and research by climate change. This Research Note provides an initial synopsis of the likely impacts, with preliminary

418

Note on RF Photo-Cathode Gun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E.R. Gray and P.M. Giles, "Photo-cathodes in AcceleratorProceedings Note on RF Photo-Cathode Gun K. -J. Kim August106 LBL-29538 Note on RF Photo-Cathode G un Kwang-Je Kim

Kim, Kwang-Je

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definitions Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as any fuel derived in whole or in part from agricultural products, animal fats, or the wastes from these products, and is suitable for use in diesel engines. A biodiesel blend is defined as any

420

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definition Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is a renewable special fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids, derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751. (Reference New

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel that is derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats and meets ASTM specification D6751-11b. A biodiesel blend is a

422

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, either in pure form or mixed in any combination with petroleum-based diesel fuel. The

423

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel fuel is defined as a mono alkyl ester of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats for use in compression-ignition engines and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751 in

424

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable fuel derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats that meet ASTM specification D6751. Blended biodiesel is a blend of biodiesel with petroleum diesel fuel so

425

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definition to Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Definition E85 is defined as a blend of ethanol and gasoline that contains no more than 85% ethanol and is produced for use in alternative fuel vehicles. E85 must comply with ASTM specification D5798-11. (Reference House File 634,

426

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E85 Definition to E85 Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Definition E85 motor fuel is defined as an alternative fuel that is a blend of ethanol and hydrocarbon, of which the ethanol portion is 75-85% denatured fuel ethanol by volume and complies with the most current ASTM specification

427

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definition to someone by E-mail Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition Alternative fuel is defined as compressed natural gas, propane, ethanol, or any mixture containing 85% or more ethanol (E85) with gasoline or other

428

Competitive Sourcing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMPETITIVE SOURCING COMPETITIVE SOURCING ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Report on Competitive Sourcing Results Fiscal Year 2006 May 2007 Executive Office of the President Office of Management and Budget TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary ...................................................................................... 1 Introduction................................................................................................. 4 I. The big picture ......................................................................................... 4 II. How public-private competition was used in FY 2006 .................................... 6 A. Anticipated benefits from competition in FY 2006

429

Definition: Biopower | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biopower Biopower Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Biopower The use of biomass to produce electric power or heat. Biopower system technologies include direct-firing, cofiring, gasification, pyrolysis, and anaerobic digestion.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Biomass power Related Terms Bioenergy, Biomass, Biofuels, biomass, electricity generation, fuel cell References ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/learning/re_biopower.html ↑ http://cta.ornl.gov/bedb/glossary.shtml ↑ http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/electricity/index.cfm/mytopic=10450 Retrieve LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. d from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Biopower&oldid=493044" Category: Definitions What links here

430

Definition: Electrode | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrode Electrode Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electrode A conductor through which electrons enter or leave an electrolyte. Batteries and fuel cells have a negative electrode (the anode) and a positive electrode (the cathode).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Battery, Fuel cell, Electrolyteelectricity generation, fuel cell, electrolyte, electricity generation References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/glossary.html#e Retrieve LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. d from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Electrode&oldid=493048" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers

431

Definition: Transformer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformer Transformer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transformer An electromagnetic device that changes the voltage of alternating current electricity.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition A transformer consists of a primary- and secondary coil, coupled by a magnetic field. The primary coil induces the voltage in the secondary coil. The voltage transformation depends on the number of windings. Related Terms Electricity, Transmission, Electric grid, transmission lines, electricity generation, transmission line, alternating current References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html#T Retrieved LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Transformer&oldid=502565

432

Definition: Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Turbine A device or machine that converts the kinetic energy of a fluid (air, water, steam or other gases) to mechanical energy.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Electric generator, Electricity, Electricity generation, energy, bioenergy References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=T ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html Retriev LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ed from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Turbine&oldid=493149" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

433

Definition: Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dictionary.png Dictionary.png Biofuels Biomass converted to liquid or gaseous fuels such as ethanol, methanol, hydrogen and methane; primarily used for transportation. A form of bioenergy.[1][2][3][4] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition Liquid fuels and blending components produced from biomass (plant) feedstocks, used primarily for transportation., Bio fuels are liquid fuels that are produced of plant material or herbal remains., No reegle definition available Related Terms Bioenergy, Biomass, Ethanol, Biodiesel, energy, fossil fuels, fuel cell References ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/glossary.html ↑ http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/energy-environment/biofuels/index.html?scp=1&sq=biomass&st=Search ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy00osti/25876.pdf

434

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Sources Energy Sources Energy Sources December 12, 2013 AEMC Summit Slideshow: Innovation in the Manufacturing Sector Learn how advanced technologies are helping manufacturers reduce waste, increase productivity and become leaders in the clean energy economy. October 16, 2013 West Penn Power SEF Commercial Loan Program The West Penn Power Sustainable Energy Fund (WPPSEF) promotes the use of renewable energy and clean energy among commercial, industrial, institutional and residential customers in the West Penn market region. Eligible technologies include solar, wind, low-impact hydro, and sustainable biomass such as closed-loop biomass and biomass gasification, as well as energy efficiency. October 16, 2013 UES - Renewable Energy Credit Purchase Program '''''Note: The Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) is in the process of

435

Quick Notes on CO2 Diagram and Energy Diagram For the ESRP 285 Website (Spring 2008)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(CO2) emissions are the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for over 80Quick Notes on CO2 Diagram and Energy Diagram For the ESRP 285 Website (Spring 2008) Carbon dioxide% of the emissions in the USA (EIA 2003, p. 35). CO2 emissions arise from the combustion of carbon fuels

Ford, Andrew

436

thesis_ls_note.dvi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Longitudinal Longitudinal Coupling Impedance of a Hole In the Accelerator Beam Pipe Yong-Chul Chae Advanced Photon Source Project Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 December 1993 i Abstract In the design of modern accelerators, an accurate estimate of coupling impedance is very important. The sources which give rise to coupling impedance are the geo- metric discontinuities in the accelerator beam pipe. In various discontinuities such as RF cavities, bellows, and collimators, the coupling impedance of the holes has not been well understood. Although coupling impedance can be obtained in general from the Fourier transform of the corresponding wake potential which may be obtained numerically, this is time consuming and requires a large amount of computer storage when applied to a small dimension of a discontinuity in a typical beam pipe, often imposing a fundamental

437

LE DEVENIR DES Note mthodologique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et informateur médical (VIM) sont en emploi. 5 (sur 8) diplômés de DEUST technicien qualité'emploi 27 4 31 Source : Université de Franche-Comté LES POURSUITES D'?TUDES ·Exception faite du DEUST VIM en CDI, exception faite du DEUST VIM. ·12 (sur 13) de ces derniers diplômés sont en CDI, ·mais 1

Jeanjean, Louis

438

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Public Utility Public Utility Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Public Utility Definition An entity that owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge battery electric

439

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Public Utility Public Utility Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Public Utility Definition A corporation or individual that owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge

440

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The following fuels are defined as alternative fuels by the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992: pure methanol, ethanol, and other alcohols; blends of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blend Blend Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Definition An ethanol blend is defined as a blended motor fuel containing ethyl alcohol that is at least 99% pure, derived from agricultural products, and

442

Competitive Sourcing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Competitive Sourcing Competitive Sourcing The Department of Energy's (DOE) Competitive Sourcing program is a management initiative aimed at improving DOE's performance and reducing the Department's operational costs. The program is governed by Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A- 76, Performance of Commercial Activities, dated May 29, 2003. The commercial activities selected for review and competition include functions performed by government employees that are readily available in the private sector, and where the potential for efficiencies, regardless of the winning provider, are highly likely. The candidate functions are chosen from the Department's annual Federal Activities Inventory Reform (FAIR) Act Inventory and subjected to a feasibility review to determine if a prudent business case can be made to enter

443

Workshop Notes from ""Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workshop Notes from ""Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lessons Learned for the Safe Deployment of Vehicles"" Workshop, December 10-11, 2009 Workshop Notes from...

444

Advanced Algorithms Course. Lecture Notes. Part 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algorithms for Weighted Vertex Cover, but this was only an example to demonstrate the technique of LP for Vertex Cover. In general (for any set miniAdvanced Algorithms Course. Lecture Notes. Part 4 Using Linear Programming for Approximation

Damaschke, Peter

445

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes March 6, 2008 Present: Diane Armpriest, Jane to the ad hoc assessment committee list, the associate dean list, and the department chair list

O'Laughlin, Jay

446

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes September 26, 2008 Present: Diane Armpriest, Alton why we assess ­ develop meaning for work Share success stories #12;The future of the Ad Hoc

O'Laughlin, Jay

447

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes November 8, 2007 Present: Rula Awwad Rafferty timeline had been modified after input from the ad hoc assessment committee at its previous meeting

O'Laughlin, Jay

448

CIP Activities Notes from the Office  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highlights Paintball CIP Activities Notes from the Office Birthdays Manners Grammar The's Weekly. CIP Activities The CIP Office has organized a lot of activities for this week! Emeritus Mardi

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

449

NIST Technical Note 1753 Model Based Enterprise /  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lubell Kenway Chen John Horst Simon Frechette Paul Huang http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/NIST.TN.1753 #12;NIST Technical Note 1753 Model Based Enterprise / Technical Data Package Summit Report Joshua Lubell Kenway Chen

Perkins, Richard A.

450

Property:Notes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Notes Notes Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Notes Property Type Text Pages using the property "Notes" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe At Alum Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + More than 100 new 2m measurements at Astor Pass, Nevada resolved additional details of near-surface thermal outflow in this blind geothermal system 2-M Probe At Astor Pass Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + More than 100 new 2m measurements at Astor Pass, Nevada resolved additional details of near-surface thermal outflow in this blind geothermal system 2-M Probe At Columbus Salt Marsh Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + At Columbus Salt Marsh, Nevada, additional 2m measurements better defined the shape of a blind, shallow thermal anomaly; also at this location deeper temperature measurements were used to develop a near-surface temperature gradient.

451

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM CODE NOTES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Fan Efficiency Residential Fan Efficiency 2012 IECC Over the past several code cycles, mechanical ventilation requirements have been added to ensure adequate outside air is provided for ventilation whenever residences are occupied. These ventilation requirements can be found in the International Residential Code for homes and the International Mechanical Code for dwelling units in multifamily buildings. As a result of the new ventilation requirements, fans designated for whole-house ventilation will have many more operating hours than bathroom or kitchen exhaust fans that are temporarily operated to remove local humidity or odors. Earlier ventilation practices relied on infiltration or operable windows as the primary source of ventilation air. Homes and

452

Definition: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Survey Electromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Frequency-domain electromagnetic techniques are continuous wave field methods which enable the mapping of the electrical conductivity of the subsurface through electromagnetic induction.[1] Also Known As Controlled-Source EM References ↑ http://library.seg.org/doi/pdf/10.1190/1.1441531 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Frequency-Domain_Electromagnetic_Survey&oldid=591411" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services

453

Definition: Phase Angle Regulating Transformer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Angle Regulating Transformer Angle Regulating Transformer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Phase Angle Regulating Transformer Transformers that enable phase-angle control between the primary (source) and the secondary (load) side to create a phase shift between the primary side voltage and the secondary side voltage. The purpose of this phase shift is to control the real power flow through interconnected power systems.[1] Also Known As phase angle regulating transformers (PARs) Related Terms transformer, real power, smart grid References ↑ [www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/description_of_assets.pdf SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Assets'] An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Phase_Angle_Regulating_Transformer&oldid=502556"

454

Definition: Macrophotography | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Macrophotography Macrophotography Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Macrophotography Close up photography of small items, producing larger than life size images of the subject. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Macro photography (or photomacrography or macrography, and sometimes macrophotography), invented by Fritz Goro, is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects, in which the size of the subject in the photograph is greater than life size (though macrophotography technically refers to the art of making very large photographs). By some definitions, a macro photograph is one in which the size of the subject on the negative or image sensor is life size or greater. However in other uses it refers to a finished photograph of a subject at greater than life size. The ratio of

455

Definition: Cogeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cogeneration Cogeneration Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cogeneration The production of electric energy and another form of useful thermal energy through the sequential use of energy [as defined under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA)].[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition Cogeneration power plants produce electricity but do not waste the heat this process creates. The heat is used for district heating or other purposes, and thus the overall efficiency is improved. For example could the efficiency to produce electricity be just 20%, and the overall efficiency after heat extraction could reach be 85% for a cogeneration plant. It has to be considered that there is not always use for heat., Bioenergy cogeneration describes all technologies where heat as well as

456

Definition: Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel A renewable fuel that can be produced from a wide range of vegetable oils or animal fats. May be used either as a replacement for or as a component of diesel fuel. Additional technical definition: ASTM D6751 - 11b.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl esters. Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g. , vegetable oil, animal fat) with an alcohol producing fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is thus distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used alone, or blended with petrodiesel. Biodiesel can also be used as a low carbon

457

Definition: Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Battery Battery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Battery An energy storage device comprised of two or more electrochemical cells enclosed in a container and electrically interconnected in an appropriate series/parallel arrangement to provide the required operating voltage and current levels. Under common usage, the term battery also applies to a single cell if it constitutes the entire electrochemical storage system.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Electrochemical cell Related Terms Fuel cell, energy, operating voltage, smart grid References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/solar_glossary.html#B Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Battery&oldid=502543

458

Definition: Contingency | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contingency Contingency Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Contingency The unexpected failure or outage of a system component, such as a generator, transmission line, circuit breaker, switch or other electrical element. Contingency Reserve The provision of capacity deployed by the Balancing Authority to meet the Disturbance Control Standard (DCS) and other NERC and Regional Reliability Organization contingency requirements.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, contingency Reserve, transmission line, disturbance control standard, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inlin LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. e Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Contingency&oldid=50257

459

COMPETITIVE SOURCING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMPETITIVE SOURCING COMPETITIVE SOURCING EXECUTIVE STEERING GROUP MEETING PROCEEDINGS June 17, 2002 8:30 am - 11:00 am Room 5E-069 ATTENDEES John Gordon Robert Card Bruce Carnes Kathy Peery Brendan Danaher, AFGE Tony Lane Karen Evans Bill Sylvester Claudia Cross Brian Costlow Laurie Smith Helen Sherman Frank Bessera Rosalie Jordan Dennis O'Brien Mark Hively Robin Mudd Steven Apicella AGENDA 8:30 a.m. - 8:35 a.m. Opening Remarks 8:35a.m. - 8:55 a.m. Executive Steering Group roles and responsibilities, A-76 status, and talking points Team Briefings 8:55 a.m. - 9:20 a.m. Information Technology Study 9:20 a.m. - 9:45 a.m. Financial Services Study

460

Managing Project Scope Definition to Improve Stakeholders Participation and Enhance Project Outcome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Project scope definition is the process whereby a project is defined and prepared for execution. It helps to decide on whether or not to proceed with the project. An incomplete scope definition in early stages of a project's life cycle is a common source of difficulty in construction project development process. Meanwhile, the developing of the project can effect positively or negatively a variety of interests. Construction projects in specific bring different degrees of changes on the surrounding environment and people, not only limited at the construction site. Therefore, project definitions boundaries may be redefined, or subjected to differing expectations and interpretation by different stakeholders. The literature suggests that project scope definition practices and stakeholders management are two separate domains, which are often investigated separately. However, project scope definition practices can benefit from stakeholders management theories. Using procedural justice and participation theories to bring together the two domains, this research will contribute to theory and practice in the project management field. The paper develops a conceptual framework of an ongoing PhD research that seeks to answer the main research question How can the level of project scope definition completeness be evaluated to account for differences in stakeholders concerns to facilitate a better project outcome in public building projects? The research aims to develop a procedure that should help a project management team measure the completeness of project scope definition with adequate consideration for stakeholders inputs at the pre-project planning stage of building projects, thereby facilitating a better project outcome.

Mohammed K. Fageha; Ajibade A. Aibinu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

COMMON EXPENDITURE TYPES USED FOR PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT "ET" Description Notes "ET" Description Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMON EXPENDITURE TYPES USED FOR PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT "ET" Description Notes "ET" Description CAPITAL EXP SU OWNED ($5K AND GREATER) Useful Life 55136 SPEC PURPOSE DATA HOLDING (Note 3) lab eqpt POSTAGE AND SHIPPING 52077 SU PROCEEDS DISP CAP EQUIP (SALE) N/A 55310 POSTAGE stamps, fedex, etc CAPITAL

Straight, Aaron

462

Note techno invisible Page 1 sur 8 NOTE SUR UNE TECHNOLOGIE INVISIBLE ? DE MICHEL BERRY, 1983  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Note techno invisible Page 1 sur 8 NOTE SUR « UNE TECHNOLOGIE INVISIBLE ? » DE MICHEL BERRY, 1983'ensemble de ces travaux et en fait une promotion au près de mes élèves. « Une technologie invisible » est techno invisible Page 2 sur 8 technologie invisible « dont les effets nocifs sont d'autant plus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

463

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Note: Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specifica- tion MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components: Naphthas that will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes ox- ygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are re- ported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates. Barrel

464

NETL: NewsRoom - LabNotes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LabNotes LabNotes NewsRoom LabNotes January 2014 Chemical Looping 101: The Basics NETL's Chemical Looping Research Facilities Oxygen Carriers in Chemical Looping Combustion Chemical Looping Modeling and Simulation Research at NETL December 2013 Foamed Cement Can Seal Tricky Oil and Gas Wells November 2013 High-Performance Rechargeable Batteries May Help Keep the Lights On Rocks Demystified in Geomechanical Properties Lab October 2013 NETL's Morgantown Supercomputer Sets a High Bar for Energy Efficiency September 2013 NETL's Energy Data Exchange (EDX): Providing Access to Quality Energy Data Sorbents Capturing CO2 Will Make Power Plants Cleaner August 2013 Collaborative Technology Demonstrates Potential in Diabetes Testing Quantifying Uncertainty in Computer Model Predictions

465

Source of second order chromaticity in RHIC  

SciTech Connect

In this note we will answer the following questions: (1) what is the source of second order chromaticities in RHIC? (2) what is the dependence of second order chromaticity on the on-momentum {beta}-beat? (3) what is the dependence of second order chromaticity on {beta}* at IP6 and IP8? To answer these questions, we use the perturbation theory to numerically calculate the contributions of each quadrupole and sextupole to the first, second, and third order chromaticities.

Luo, Y.; Gu, X.; Fischer, W.; Trbojevic, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

A note on the foundations of mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This short note is intended to review the foundations of mechanics, trying to present them with the greatest mathematical and conceptual clarity. It was attempted to remove most of inessential, even parasitic issues, which can hide the true nature of basic principles. The pursuit of that goal results in an improved understanding of some topics such as constrained systems, the nature of time or the relativistic forces. The Sr\\"odinger and Klein-Gordon equations appear as conditions fulfilled by certain types of classical solutions of the field equations although the meaning of quantum equations is not, even remotely, exhausted by these cases. A part of this note comes from previous works.

Ricardo J. Alonso-Blanco; Jess Muoz-Daz

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

467

Definition: Gross generation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Gross generation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Gross generation The total amount of electric energy produced by generating units (e.g. power plants) and measured at the generating terminal in kilowatt-hours (kWh) or megawatt-hours (MWh).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Electricity generation, Net generation, power References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=G#gross_gen Retri Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. eved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Gross_generation&oldid=480543" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

468

Definition: Frequency Response | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Frequency Response Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency Response (Equipment) The ability of a system or elements of the system to react or respond to a change in system frequency. (System) The sum of the change in demand, plus the change in generation, divided by the change in frequency, expressed in megawatts per 0.1 Hertz (MW/0.1 Hz).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms system, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Frequency_Response&oldid=502580"

469

Tsunami Information Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Tsunami of December 26, 2004 Lifeline Performance,and Tsunami of December 26, 2004 Lifeline Performance,Indian Ocean Tsunami, December 26, 2004: Dr. Borrero's Notes

Wiegel, Robert L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Definitions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act. The utility pays the QF an amount based on the costs for power the utility avoids by purchasing power from the QF. avoided costs See costs...

471

Definition of Environmental Management (EM) Completion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

D D D e e f f i i n n i i t t i i o o n n o o f f E E M M C C o o m m p p l l e e t t i i o o n n a a n n d d D D O O E E S S i i t t e e C C l l o o s s u u r r e e This fact sheet defines critical points in the cleanup process, specifies where the Office of Environmental Management (EM) programmatic responsibility ends, and clarifies the responsibilities of other Program Secretarial Offices managing a site after EM's mission is complete. Accordingly, these definitions serve as the framework for developing or revising strategic plans, site baselines, and implementation plans. Environmental Management (Cleanup) includes those activities necessary to evaluate and mitigate a release or threat of release of a hazardous substance that may pose a risk to human health or the environment. Cleanup activities may include source term

472

Definition: Combustion | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Combustion Combustion Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Combustion The process of burning; chemical oxidation accompanied by the generation of light and heat.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition "Burning" redirects here. For combustion without external ignition, see spontaneous combustion. For the vehicle engine, see internal combustion engine. For other uses, see Burning (disambiguation) and Combustion (disambiguation). Error creating thumbnail: Unable to create destination directory This article's introduction section may not adequately summarize its contents. To comply with Wikipedia's lead section guidelines, please consider modifying the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points in such a way that it can stand on its own as a

473

Deploying QoS for Cisco IP and Next Generation Networks: The Definitive Guide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deploying QoS for IP Next Generation Networks: The Definitive Guide provides network architects and planners with insight into the various aspects that drive QoS deployment for the various network types. It serves as a single source of reference ... Keywords: Networking

Vinod Joseph; Brett Chapman

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

COMPETITIVE SOURCING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXECUTIVE STEERING GROUP Meeting Proceedings October 30, 2002 Room 6E-069, 10:30 - 12:00 Agenda Opening Remarks Bruce Carnes Competitive Sourcing Update Denny O'Brien Team Briefings Team Leads ESG Discussion/Wrap up Bruce Carnes Attendees Bruce Carnes, Acting Chair MaryAnn Shebek Robert Card Prentis Cook Ambassador Brooks Tony Lane Kyle McSlarrow Karen Evans Suzanne Brennan, NTEU Claudia Cross Brian Costlow Helen Sherman Frank Bessera Laurie Morman Denny O'Brien Travis McCrory Bill Pearce Jeff Dowl Mark Hively Steven Apicella Robin Mudd Bruce Carnes chaired the meeting and began with welcoming NTEU to the meeting. In regard to the OMB's Balanced Scorecard, the Department has achieved a Green on progress and we are close to achieving a yellow on status.

475

Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground electromagnetic techniques measure electromagnetic fields in order to determine subsurface electrical resistivity with the earth surface as the observation point.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The electromagnetic force is one of the four fundamental interactions in nature, the other three being the strong interaction, the weak interaction, and gravitation. This force is described by electromagnetic fields, and has innumerable physical instances including the interaction of electrically charged particles and the interaction of uncharged magnetic force fields with electrical conductors. The word

476

Definition and Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Definition and Policy Definition and Policy Definition and Policy Definition Environmental justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people-regardless of race, ethnicity, income, or education level-in environmental decision making. Environmental justice programs promote the protection of human health and the environment, empowerment via public participation, and the dissemination of relevant information to inform and educate affected communities. DOE environmental justice programs are designed to build and sustain community capacity for meaningful participation for all stakeholders in DOE host communities. DOE provides leadership in addressing disproportionately high and adverse human health and environmental effects of programs, policies, and activities on minority and low-income communities.

477

Definition: Magnetotelluric Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Magnetotelluric Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Magnetotelluric Techniques Magnetotellurics is an electromagnetic geophysical method used to image the electrical resistivity structure of the subsurface through the measurement of electrical and magnetic fields at the earth's surface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Magnetotellurics (MT) is an electromagnetic geophysical method of imaging the earth's subsurface by measuring natural variations of electrical and magnetic fields at the Earth's surface. Investigation depth ranges from 300m below ground by recording higher frequencies down to 10,000m or deeper with long-period soundings. Developed in Russia and

478

Definition: Overlap Regulation Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Overlap Regulation Service Overlap Regulation Service Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Overlap Regulation Service A method of providing regulation service in which the Balancing Authority providing the regulation service incorporates another Balancing Authority's actual interchange, frequency response, and schedules into providing Balancing Authority's AGC/ACE equation.[1] Related Terms regulation service, frequency response, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Overlap_Regulation_Service&oldid=502490" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions

479

Definition: Geophysical Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Geophysical Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Geophysical Techniques Geophysics is the study of the structure and composition of the earth's interior.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Exploration geophysics is the applied branch of geophysics which uses surface methods to measure the physical properties of the subsurface Earth, along with the anomalies in these properties, in order to detect or infer the presence and position of ore minerals, hydrocarbons, geothermal reservoirs, groundwater reservoirs, and other geological structures. Exploration geophysics is the practical application of physical methods (such as seismic, gravitational, magnetic, electrical and electromagnetic)

480

221A Lecture Notes Variational Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0, the photons and electrons are free particles and there is no interaction; hence the system Quantum Hall effect. The study of multi-electron atoms relies on the Hartree­Fock theory based on the vari intuition is required for a suc- cessful application. 2 Fundamentals By definition, the ground state has

Murayama, Hitoshi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "notes definitions sources" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Property:CompletionNotes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CompletionNotes CompletionNotes Jump to: navigation, search Property Name CompletionNotes Property Type Text Description List of data that still needs to be researched and entered for the NEPA document Subproperties This property has the following 2 subproperties: C CA-96062042 D DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2013-002+1793-EIS Pages using the property "CompletionNotes" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01 + 8/2: Data reviewed for completion C CA-017-05-051 + 8/9 Data entry complete. Attached FONSI does not seem to be fully related to the attached EA. The FONSI is for a geothermal well and slimhole exploration project and the EA is for a pipeline project. Need to add Public Health and Safety as a resource 8/22/13 - The 'FONSI/DR is actually for EA CA-170-02-15 Bassalt Canyon..dated Jan 2002 KW 8/26/13 - I deleted the FONSI from this page. Filename is incorrect for the file and stands as "CA-017-05-51-EA-DR -FONSI.pdf," Andrew Gentile. Unable to find Final EA or FONSI online. When RMP added, add "Inyo National Forest "Land and Resource Management Plan" (LRMP) 1988"

482

Briefing Note 2010 19 15 September 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Briefing Note 2010 ­ 19 15 September 2010 Energy Efficiency Retrofits Case Study - Empire State incremental costs for energy efficiency (EE) retrofits than do newer buildings. Throughout New York, 43 million. #12;Three elements of the project represent best practices` for commercial energy improvements

Pedersen, Tom

483

Advanced Algorithms Course. Lecture Notes. Part 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Algorithms Course. Lecture Notes. Part 2 Set Cover This is a very fundamental problem approximation algorithm. A natural greedy rule is to successively add sets Si to the solution, that cover Si be the set that covers this sj in the greedy algorithm. Since the algorithm always picks an Si

Damaschke, Peter

484

B NOTES ON LANGUAGES AND ALGORITHMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B NOTES ON LANGUAGES AND ALGORITHMS B.1 DEFINING LANGUAGES WITH BACKUS­NAUR FORM (BNF) In this book-order logic (page 293), and a subset of English (page 899). A formal lan- guage is defined as a set of strings set of strings, so we need a concise way to charac- terize the set. We do that with a grammar

Russell, Stuart

485

Advanced Algorithms Course. Lecture Notes. Part 12  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Algorithms Course. Lecture Notes. Part 12 Set Cover on Few Elements Consider an instance of Set Cover where the ground set U has only a small number k of elements, say x1, . . . , xk. Still there may exist up to 2k different sets Si U to choose from. Set Cover is trivially an FPT problem

Damaschke, Peter

486

Advanced Algorithms Course. Lecture Notes. Part 13  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Algorithms Course. Lecture Notes. Part 13 Set Cover on Few Elements Consider an instance of Set Cover where the ground set U has only a small number k of elements, say x1, . . . , xk. Still there may exist up to 2k different sets Si U to choose from. Set Cover is trivially an FPT problem

Damaschke, Peter

487

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ad Hoc Assessment Committee Meeting Notes April 17, 2008 Present: Diane Armpriest, Rula. The consensus of the group was that the list should include ad hoc committee members, associate deans and on request. The ad hoc committee will not meet again this semester. Jeanne will call a meeting

O'Laughlin, Jay

488

Briefing Note 2010 -17 3 September 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to over 41,000 householdsvii . This program is supplemented by an energy efficiency rebate program, whichBriefing Note 2010 - 17 3 September 2010 Evaluating Energy Efficiency Financing Programs Produced energy efficiency improvements offer great conservation potentiali . This is good news for BC residents

Pedersen, Tom

489

Matlab: applications en mecanique Notes de cours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Matlab: applications en m´ecanique LA207 Notes de cours Universit´e Pierre et Marie Curie J´er^ome Hoepffner F´evrier 2009 Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Matlab de base 2 2.1 Graphiques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.4 Fonctions simples de matlab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.5 Cr´eer des fonctions

Hoepffner, Jérôme

490

Agent Notes Day 4 ~ Health Training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Agent Notes Day 4 ~ Health Training In preparation for the Health Day, you could order the National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health. To order these free booklets, go to www in the afternoon, and edit your agenda to reflect your choices. Several HealthHints newsletters are referenced

491

Notes on Frequentist, Maximum Likelihood & Bayesian Statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, theory, "gut feeling," etc. · Changes the probability distribution #12;Bayesian Statistics · ProbabilityNotes on Frequentist, Maximum Likelihood & Bayesian Statistics #12;Statistical Methods · Probability is a long-term frequency statement about the data ­ if repeated, what proportion of the time would

Ernest, Holly

492

Briefing Note 2011 31 17 March 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as billing and insurance and embodied energy/emissions in new buildings and appliances. Although all non-energyBriefing Note 2011 ­ 31 17 March 2011 Expanding the scope of British Columbia's "carbon neutral, Robyn Meyer Issue British Columbia's "carbon neutral government" mandate currently covers mainly scope 1

Pedersen, Tom

493

NOTES A. La Rosa Physics Department  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOTES A. La Rosa Physics Department P-N JUNTIONS I. HARNESSING ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY Potential III.2 Application of the Fermi-Dirac distribution to semiconductors III.2.1 Intrinsic case. (Location of the chemical potential) III.2.2 Extrinsic case. (Location of the chemical potential) IV. p

494

Briefing Note 2011 30 17 March 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emissions per yeariii and help UBC reduce its future carbon tax and offset costs. Otherwise, in the short Carbon Neutral Update reports that 51% of PSOs in 2009 were #12;focused on building energy performanceBriefing Note 2011 ­ 30 17 March 2011 The challenges of British Columbia's "carbon neutral

Pedersen, Tom

495

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note SAF/OSI/CDOP/KNMI/TEC/RP/147 Validation of ASCAT 12.5-km winds The Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Application Facility (OSI SAF) delivers an operational level 2 wind product produces a level 1 product with 12.5-km WVC spacing that has a resolution of approximately 25 km. Since

Stoffelen, Ad

496

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note SAF/OSI/CDOP2/KNMI/TEC/RP/194 Quality Control of Ku. The OSCAT level 2a data are available in near-real time and OWDP is used at KNMI to produce the Ocean and Sea Ice (OSI) SAF wind product which is made available to users. A beta version of OWDP is also

Stoffelen, Ad

497

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note SAF/OSI/CDOP/KNMI/TEC/TN/165 CMOD5.n - the CMOD5 GMF SAF to produce neutral winds rather than real 10m winds. Currently, the CMOD5 Geophysical Model]. KNMI subsequently produced a CMOD5.n Lookup Table and tested the retrieved Maximum Likelihood Estimator

Stoffelen, Ad

498

AE: Office Supplies Purchasing Stakeholder Survey Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AE: Office Supplies Purchasing Stakeholder Survey Notes Updated: 2/20/2012 Overview: · Survey Purchasing Factors: · 37% of people make office supplies purchases monthly, 26% weekly, and 15% quarterly used vendors for office supplies · People mostly purchase from vendors other than Staples due

Sheridan, Jennifer

499

Radiation source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device and method for relativistic electron beam heating of a high-density plasma in a small localized region. A relativistic electron beam generator or accelerator produces a high-voltage electron beam which propagates along a vacuum drift tube and is modulated to initiate electron bunching within the beam. The beam is then directed through a low-density gas chamber which provides isolation between the vacuum modulator and the relativistic electron beam target. The relativistic beam is then applied to a high-density target plasma which typically comprises DT, DD, or similar thermonuclear gas at a density of 10.sup.17 to 10.sup.20 electrons per cubic centimeter. The target gas is ionized prior to application of the relativistic electron beam by means of a laser or other preionization source to form a plasma. Utilizing a relativistic electron beam with an individual particle energy exceeding 3 MeV, classical scattering by relativistic electrons passing through isolation foils is negligible. As a result, relativistic streaming instabilities are initiated within the high-density target plasma causing the relativistic electron beam to efficiently deposit its energy into a small localized region of the high-density plasma target.

Thode, Lester E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH note25.tex SL Note 9625 (AP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH note25.tex SL Note 96­25 (AP) Off­Line Simulation is at the left. 3 Matching a Perfect LEP The datasets and results are in the directory LEP95/L05P46/Mar1996. In the dataset 21Mar96/mar21a.dat, I start with a perfect LEP, and put errors on the gradients KQS0 and KQS1

Keil, Eberhard