National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for northwest sumas trading

  1. City of Sumas, Washington (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,Kansas (Utility Company) JumpBay,SullivanSumas,

  2. Motion to Intervene Out of Time of Sumas Energy 2, Inc on Proposed...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Sumas Energy 2, Inc on Proposed Open-Access Requirement International Electric Transmission Facilities and Delegation to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Motion to...

  3. Energy Northwest

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    corporate alternative minimum taxable income. See "TAX MATTERS" herein. 664,515,000 ENERGY NORTHWEST 155,390,000 Project 1 Electric Revenue Refunding Bonds, Series 2012-A...

  4. Energy Northwest

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    103 of the Code. See "TAX MATTERS-SERIES 2012-E (TAXABLE) BONDS" herein. 782,655,000 ENERGY NORTHWEST 34,140,000 Columbia Generating Station Electric Revenue Bonds, Series...

  5. Energy Northwest

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of interest on, the Series 2015-C Bonds. See "TAX MATTERS" herein. 110,000,000* ENERgY NORThwEST 43,000,000* Project 1 Electric Revenue Refunding Bonds, Series 2015-C...

  6. Northwest Energy Market Assessment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Treaty Storage Agreement Non-Wires Northwest Energy Market Assessment Oversupply Smart Grid Wind Integration Northwest Energy Market Assessment Since 2012, the Northwest Power...

  7. NORTHWEST REGIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NORTHWEST REGIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTER for Homeland Security Northwest Regional Technology Center May 2015 | 1 AROUND THE REGION IN HOMELAND SECURITY The Northwest Regional Technology Center (NWRTC.S. Army Cyber Command; and Michael Echols, Director, Cyber Joint Program Management Office National

  8. Trade Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashford, Nicholas A.

    2014-01-01

    In an otherwise insightful and thoughtful article, Sebastian Pfotenhauer (Trade Policy Is Science Policy,” Issues, Fall 2013) might better have entitled his contribution “Trade Policy Needs to Be Reconciled with Science ...

  9. PACIFIC NORTHWEST CYBER SUMMIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesperance, Ann M.; Matlock, Gordon W.; Becker-Dippmann, Angela S.; Smith, Karen S.

    2013-08-07

    On March 26, 2013, the Snohomish County Public Utility District (PUD) and the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) jointly hosted the Pacific Northwest Cyber Summit with the DOE’s Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, the White House, Washington State congressional delegation, Washington State National Guard, and regional energy companies.

  10. Northwest Regional Technology Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    management and public safety professionals to define and prioritize technology needs. Coordinate and leadNorthwest Regional Technology Center for Homeland Security The Northwest Regional Technology Center and deployment of technologies that are effective homeland security solutions for the region, and accelerate

  11. Energy Northwest, Washington

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    minimum taxable income. See "TAX MATTERS-SERIES 2012-A BONDS" herein. 669,115,000 ENERgY NORThWEST 4,600,000 Columbia generating Station Electric Revenue Bonds, Series 2011-C...

  12. River Basin Economics and Management: International Trade, Allocation and Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Wen

    2015-01-01

    Free Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Free Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Free Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  13. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and informs surveys of natural resources, coastal security and emergency response · develop new sources, electronics, sensors and integration capabilities. Sequim MRO helps clients · understand the effects and the Columbia River · effects of oil exploration in the Gulf of Mexico · migration of salmon in Northwest inland

  14. Trade and institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahakitsiri, Doungdao

    2012-01-01

    3.4 Free Trade Agreements and Customs Unions . . . . . . .The E?ects of Free Trade Agreements and Customs Unions onMore Bilateral Trade than Free-Trade Agreement Members? ,”

  15. Northwest Energy Market Assessment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeatMaRIEdioxideUser Work Featured onNewsNews andSitesNorthwest

  16. Pacific Northwest Government Contracting Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Government Contract Assistance Program (GCAP) and Pacific Northwest Defense Coalition (PNDC) cordially invite you to attend our annual Pacific Northwest Government Contracting Conference. The 2015 conference offers a full day of robust and informative training, coupled with networking opportunities. Attendees will learn from seasoned professionals and receive training specifically tailored to companies pursuing the government marketplace.

  17. Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy Efficiency Goals for Industry Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy Efficiency Goals for...

  18. Independent Oversight Activity Report, Pacific Northwest National...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Activity Report, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - January 2014 Independent Oversight Activity Report, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - January 2014 February 2014 PNNL...

  19. Independent Oversight Review, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    September 2013 Independent Oversight Review, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - September 2013 September 2013 Review of the Fire Protection Program at Pacific Northwest...

  20. Essays in international trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romalis, John

    2001-01-01

    This thesis is a collection of essays on the effect of trade costs on international trade. Chapter 1 derives and empirically examines how factor proportions determine the structure of commodity trade when international ...

  1. NAFTA, Trade, and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blecker, Robert A.; Esquivel, Gerardo

    2010-01-01

    their intention to sign a free trade agreement (FTA) betweenthen called the largest free trade area in the world. Theof the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994,

  2. Is Free Trade Obsolete?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Charles S.

    1993-01-01

    BOOK REVIEW IS FREE TRADE OBSOLETE? MANAGING THE WORLDremains from the ideal of free trade. The GATT, for example,by entering ICAs IS FREE TRADE OBSOLETE? with foreign

  3. Global warming: A Northwest perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, M.J.; Counts, C.A.

    1990-02-01

    The Northwest Power Planning Council convened a symposium in Olympia, Washington, on the subject of global climate change ( the greenhouse effect'') and its potential for affecting the Pacific Northwest. The symposium was organized in response to a need by the Power Council to understand global climate change and its potential impacts on resource planning and fish and wildlife planning for the region, as well as a need to understand national policy developing toward climate change and the Pacific Northwest's role in it. 40 figs., 15 tabs.

  4. Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (OSUUW) | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (OSUUW) Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (OSUUW) Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (OSUUW)...

  5. BPA Committed to Northwest Values

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-09-01

    The Columbia River has been called the “crown jewel” of the Pacific Northwest. There is no question it is among the region’s greatest assets — supplying low-cost clean hydropower, making deserts bloom thanks to irrigation and providing navigation, recreation and a home for many species of fish and wildlife. The Bonneville Power Administration is proud to be a steward of this great resource. Our mission is to serve the people and environment of the Pacific Northwest. We sell wholesale power from Grand Coulee Dam and 30 other Northwest federal dams to Northwest utilities, including public utility districts, rural electric cooperatives and municipal utility departments, as well as investor-owned utilities. We operate three-fourths of the region’s high voltage transmission system that delivers that power. But, as a federal agency, we are not just a power marketer. We have public responsibilities that include, among many, promoting energy efficiency, facilitating development of renewable power, protecting fish and wildlife affected by hydro development, honoring treaty obligations to tribes and promoting a reliable energy future through collaboration and partnerships. This document describes our responsibilities to citizens in the Pacific Northwest.

  6. FERC approves Northwest pipeline expansion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-15

    Northwest Pipeline Co., Salt Lake City, Utah, received a final permit from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for a $373.4 million main gas line expansion. This paper reports that it plans to begin construction of the 443 MMcfd expansion in mid-July after obtaining further federal, state, and local permits. The expanded system is to be fully operational by second quarter 1993. When the expansion is complete, total Northwest system mileage will be 3,936 miles and system capacity about 2.49 bcfd.

  7. Will competition hurt electricity consumers in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, S.; Hirst, E.

    1998-11-01

    A computer model was developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to analyze the electricity production, costs, and prices for two geographical regions for a single year. Bulk-power trading is allowed between the two regions and market clearing prices are determined based on marginal costs. The authors used this model, ORCED, to evaluate the market price of power over the year 2000 in the Pacific Northwest and California. The authors found that, absent intervention by the regulators in the Northwest, generation prices would increase 1.1 {cents}/kWh on average, from 1.91 {cents}/kWh for the regulated price to 3.02 {cents}/kWh as the competitive price. If regulators use transition charges and price caps, then customers in the Pacific Northwest need not be penalized by the change to marginal-cost pricing. Customer responses to price changes will increase the transfer of power between regions. A gas price increase of 20%, while only raising the average-cost-based price to 1.95 {cents}/kWh, raised the marginal-cost-based price to 3.56{cents}/kWh. Reductions in hydroelectric resources also dramatically change the price and flow of power.

  8. Emissions Trading and Social Justice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farber, Daniel A

    2011-01-01

    David  M.  Driesen,  Does  Emissions  Trading  Encourage  Jason  Coburn,  Emissions  Trading   and   Environmental  Szambelan,  U.S.  Emissions  Trading  Markets  for  SO 2  

  9. Conservation The Northwest ForecastThe Northwest Forecast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EfficiencyEnergy Efficiency Dominates ResourceDominates Resource DevelopmentDevelopment Tom EckmanTom Eckman Energy Efficiency as a Resource Conference2005 ACEEE Energy Efficiency as a Resource Conference #12;slide Programs 1635 aMW 56% #12;slide 5 Northwest Power and Conservation Council Energy Efficiency ResourcesEnergy

  10. Northwest Energy Efficiency Taskforce Executive Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Northwest Energy Efficiency Taskforce Executive Committee Chairs Tom Karier, Washington Member, Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance Bill Gaines, Director/Chief Executive Officer, Tacoma Public Utilities, Cowlitz County Public Utility District Cal Shirley, Vice President for Energy Efficiency Service, Puget

  11. Northwest Ohio Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moyer, Kevin

    2015-03-04

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY When the Toledo Lucas County Port Authority (TLCPA) filed for the Department of Energy EECBG grant in late 2009, it was part of a strategic and Board backed objective to expand the organization’s economic development and financing programs into alternative energy and energy efficiency. This plan was filed with the knowledge and support of the areas key economic development agencies. The City of Toledo was also a key partner with the Mayor designating a committee to develop a Strategic Energy Policy for the City. This would later give rise to a Community Sustainability Strategic Plan for Toledo, Lucas County and the surrounding region with energy efficiency as a key pillar. When the TLCPA signed the grant documents with the DOE in June of 2010, the geographic area was severely distressed economically, in the early stages of a recovery from over a 30% drop in business activity and high unemployment. The TLCPA and its partners began identifying potential project areas well before the filing of the application, continuing to work diligently before the formal award and signing of the grant documents. Strong implementation and actions plans and business and financing models were developed and revised throughout the 3 year grant period with the long term goal of creating a sustainable program. The TLCPA and the City of Toledo demonstrated early leadership by forming the energy improvement district and evaluating buildings under their control including transportation infrastructure and logistics, government services buildings and buildings which housed several for profit and not for profit tenants while completing significant energy efficiency projects that created public awareness and confidence and solid examples of various technologies and energy savings. As was stated in the DOE Award Summary, the undertaking was focused as a commercial program delving into Alternative Energy Utility Districts; what are referred to in Ohio Statute as Energy Special Improvement Districts or ESIDs and what is nationally known as Property Assessed Clean Energy or PACE districts and PACE financing. The project methodology followed the identify, develop, implement, monitor and measure format. These districts began in Toledo and adjoining areas and are expanding to TLCPA’s 28 county financing agency geographic footprint. What began as the Toledo Ohio Advanced Energy Improvement Corporation is now doing business as the Northwest Ohio Advanced Energy Improvement District recognizing it expansion into creating and financing other districts in NW Ohio. The program has been sought out as an advisor by major communities and states in the process of developing similar legislation and programs and has become one of the largest most successful PACE energy improvement and financing districts in the US. The program and the energy district focused on transforming energy use, delivery, conservation and renewable energy as “options of first choice”. The significant energy savings paid for many of the improvements and created a financially viable program well beyond the grant period. The program has become a model within the State of Ohio and Nationally on how to implement and finance projects in broad energy districts including how to evolve and integrate several financing methodologies. It is a unique utilization of revolving loan funds and energy bond pooling with revenue backing primarily from energy improvement special assessments on commercial properties along with some power purchase agreement (PPA) and loan agreement revenue. The program has also incorporated Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds, State of Ohio Energy Loans (SEP), utility rebates, solar and renewable energy certificates, renewable tax incentives and grants, and owner funded equity as additional program leverage and funding. Other keys to this success have been a continual simplification and refinement of the application and documentation process to make funding available easily and quickly to building owners when they are prepared to commit to the project as well

  12. Trade and Investment Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Why China? Trade and Investment Perspectives Jeanne Broad Director, International Trade Management Michigan exports to China) Chemicals $368 million Industrial machinery $347 million Computers and electronics $237 million Electrical Equipment $148 million Fabricated Metal Products $140 million Waste

  13. Pacific Northwest Solar Radiation Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Pacific Northwest Solar Radiation Data UO SOLAR MONITORING LAB Physics Department -- Solar Energy Center 1274 University of Oregon Eugene, Oregon 97403-1274 April 1, 1999 #12;Hourly solar radiation data can be obtained from the University of Oregon Solar Moni- toring Laboratory after obtaining permission

  14. Lighting Market Study: Illuminating the Northwest Efficiency

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lighting Market Study: Illuminating the Northwest Efficiency Community Summer 2014 through Winter 2015 Research Manager: Carrie Cobb, clcobb@bpa.gov, 503-230-4985 The lighting...

  15. Energy Northwest, Washington Bonneville Power Administration...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    APRIL 9, 2015 1 1393164 | 300019859 Energy Northwest, Washington Bonneville Power Administration, Oregon; Wholesale Electric Credit Profile US329.455 mil columbia generating...

  16. Energy Northwest, Washington Bonneville Power Administration...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SEPTEMBER 25, 2015 1 1455301 | 300019859 Energy Northwest, Washington Bonneville Power Administration, Oregon; Wholesale Electric Credit Profile US43.1 mil proj 1 elec rev rfdg...

  17. Bonneville Power Administration, Oregon Energy Northwest, Washington...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bonneville Power Administration, Oregon Energy Northwest, Washington; Wholesale Electric Primary Credit Analyst: David N Bodek, New York (1) 212-438-7969; david.bodek@standardandpo...

  18. Independent Oversight Review, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    October 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - October 2012 October 2012 Review of the Department of Energy Office of Science Assessment of the...

  19. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Grounds Maintenance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-08-05

    FEMP Water Efficiency Best Management Practice #4 and #5: Case study overview of the grounds maintenance program for Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

  20. BPA, Energy Northwest launch demand response pilot

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BPA-Energy-Northwest-launch-demand-response-pilot Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand...

  1. 2011 Municipal Consortium Northwest Region Workshop Materials

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This page provides links to the presentations given at the DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Northwest Region Workshop, held in Seattle July 15, 2011.

  2. Trade, globalization and uneven development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the free trade doctrine, presenting capitalism as entailing, but capable of overcoming, uneven geographical rationalizing the free trade doctrine isolate trade, mobilizing a narrow sociospatial ontology. Marxisant trade. By contrast, attending to the entanglements of trade, geographical political economy can decenter the free

  3. Tough Choices: Determinants of Senator's Trade Votes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrich, John; Brinegar, Adam; Kramer, Claire; Merolla, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    Dennis P. Quinn. 1994. “Free Trade, Fair Trade, StrategicThe Senate and Free Trade. ” American Journal of Politicalthat benefit from free trade. These competing claims speak

  4. WORLD TRADE Published by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    How Vulnerable Is India's Trade to Possible Border Carbon Adjustments in the EU? Kasturi Das 37 Distorted Trade Imperils the Sino-European Partnership Jonathan Holslag 221 Bridging the Abyss? Lessons from Global and Regional Integration of Ukraine Vitaliy Pogoretskyy & Sergiy Beketov 239 #12;#12;Unravelling

  5. Northwest

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice|in the subsurface isProject |News MediaEnergy

  6. Pacific Northwest Power Supply Adequacy Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Pacific Northwest Power Supply Adequacy Assessment for 2019 Final Report May 7, 2014 Council Document Number 2014-04 #12;2 Executive Summary The Pacific Northwest's power supply is expected resources: demand-side actions and emergency resources used only during shortages. The assumption about

  7. PACIFIC NORTHWEST ELECTRIC POWER PLANNING AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to energy conservation, renewable resources, other resources, and protecting, mitigating, and enhancing fish Stat.2697.] 839(1)(8). the development of renewable resources within the Pacific Northwest; [Northwest continue to pay all costs necessary to produce, transmit, and conserve resources to meet the region

  8. Demand Response Resources in Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demand Response Resources in Pacific Northwest Chuck Goldman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory cagoldman@lbl.gov Pacific Northwest Demand Response Project Portland OR May 2, 2007 #12;Overview · Typology Annual Reports ­ Journal articles/Technical reports #12;Demand Response Resources · Incentive

  9. Now Available: Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Now Available: Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project - Technology Performance Report Volume 1 Now Available: Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project -...

  10. Natural Innovative Renewable Energy formerly Northwest Iowa Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Natural Innovative Renewable Energy formerly Northwest Iowa Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Natural Innovative Renewable Energy (formerly Northwest Iowa...

  11. Modeliranje suma v astronomskih podatkih

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?umer, Slobodan

    sirina spektralne crte model opazovanje #12;2 = NX i=1 (fi m i )2 2 i #12;p(fi|, i) = 1 p 2 2 i exp (fi Cebisova osme stopnje] / #12;2 ln L = C 1 2 NX i=1 (fi m i )2 2 i + s2 1 2 NX i=1 ln( 2 i + s2 ) ln L = C 1 2 NX i=1 (fi m i )2 2 i #12;3 [f1 m(x1), . . . fN m(xN )] 2 6 6 6 6 6 4 1 2 1 0 · · · 0 0 1 2 2

  12. 1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1993-12-01

    The Loads and Resources Study is presented in three documents: (1) this summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources; (2) a technical appendix detailing forecasted Pacific Northwest economic trends and loads, and (3) a technical appendix detailing the loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared with a range of forecasted electricity consumption. The forecasted future electricity demands -- firm loads -- are subtracted from the projected capability of existing and {open_quotes}contracted for{close_quotes} resources to determine whether Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the region will be surplus or deficit. If resources are greater than loads in any particular year or month, there is a surplus of energy and/or capacity, which BPA can sell to increase revenues. Conversely, if firm loads exceed available resources, there is a deficit of energy and/or capacity, and additional conservation, contract purchases, or generating resources will be needed to meet load growth. The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study analyzes the Pacific Northwest`s projected loads and available generating resources in two parts: (1) the loads and resources of the Federal system, for which BPA is the marketing agency; and (2) the larger Pacific Northwest regional power system, which includes loads and resource in addition to the Federal system. The loads and resources analysis in this study simulates the operation of the power system under the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA) produced by the Pacific Northwest Coordinating Group. This study presents the Federal system and regional analyses for five load forecasts: high, medium-high, medium, medium-low, and low. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability for Operating Years (OY) 1994--95 through 2003--04.

  13. Independent Oversight Inspection, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory- December 2003

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health Management at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

  14. NORTHWEST POWER AND CONSERVATION COUNCIL BRIEFING BOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ......................................................................................................................................................................................4 1. Columbia River hydropower development as the construction of the hydropower system itself had seemed during the New Deal two generations before. -- Joseph, 1996, Page 216. ... the Northwest Power Act forged a link between regional energy development and fish

  15. Northwest Wind Integration Forum Policy Steering Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utilities Rachel Shimshak, Executive Director, Renewable Northwest Project Brian Skeahan, General Manager Cashell, Vice President - Transmission, Northwestern Energy Teresa Conway, President and CEO, Power, Western Montana G&T Don Furman, Senior Vice President, Development, Transmission and Policy, Iberdrola

  16. Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoversten, Shanna

    2009-01-01

    EU ETS: European Union Emissions Trading System GHG: Greenstarts operating an emissions trading scheme (ETS) similarGovernments operating emissions trading systems face the

  17. Essays on Trade and Production Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noguera, Guillermo Marcelo

    2011-01-01

    I also collect data on free trade agreements and tariffs andand negatively related to free trade agreements andto be less responsive to free trade agreements and tariffs

  18. Pre-stimulation coupled THM modeling related to the Northwest Geysers EGS Demonstration Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutqvist, J.

    2014-01-01

    Overview of the northwest Geysers EGS demonstration project.TO THE NORTHWEST GEYSERS EGS DEMONSTRATION PROJECT JonnyABSTRACT The Northwest Geyser EGS Demonstration Project aims

  19. International Trade and Competitiveness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    importance for the U.S. forest products industry, with paper and wood products exports accounting for more exports of pulp and paper. AF&PA supports free and fair trade. In an increasingly globalized market, it is critical for the U.S. paper and wood products manufacturing industry to achieve unrestricted access

  20. Essays on trade, CO?, and the environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Joseph S

    2013-01-01

    The first chapter of this thesis uses a general equilibrium model of trade and the environment to investigate two questions. First, how do the gains from trade compare against the environmental costs of trade? Trade can ...

  1. North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade North America: Regulation of International Electricity...

  2. 1996 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1996-12-01

    The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (White Book) is published annually by BPA and establishes the planning basis for supplying electricity to customers. It serves a dual purpose. First, the White Book presents projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. Second, the White Book serves as a benchmark for annual BPA determinations made pursuant to the 1981 regional power sales contracts. Specifically, BPA uses the information in the White Book for determining the notice required when customers request to increase or decrease the amount of power purchased from BPA. Aside from these purposes, the White Book is used for input to BPA`s resource planning process. The White Book compiles information obtained from several formalized resource planning reports and data submittals, including those from the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC). 11 figs., 12 tabs.

  3. International Trade of Biofuels (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-05-01

    In recent years, the production and trade of biofuels has increased to meet global demand for renewable fuels. Ethanol and biodiesel contribute much of this trade because they are the most established biofuels. Their growth has been aided through a variety of policies, especially in the European Union, Brazil, and the United States, but ethanol trade and production have faced more targeted policies and tariffs than biodiesel. This fact sheet contains a summary of the trade of biofuels among nations, including historical data on production, consumption, and trade.

  4. Northwest Distributed/Community Wind Workgroup Meeting- Seattle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As part of the DOE's Northwest Wind Resource and Action Center, Northwest SEED will facilitate a workgroup meeting for stakeholders involved in the distributed and community wind sector in the...

  5. Fourth Annual Report to the Northwest Governors on Expenditures of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the Columbia River Basin -- recreation, flood control, and hydro- power generation. UFourth Annual Report to the Northwest Governors on Expenditures of the Bonneville Power Administration to Implement the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power

  6. Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance Request for Proposals to Evaluate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance Request for Proposals to Evaluate Existing Consumer Behavioral research, evaluations and behavior change initiatives. The Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (NEEA interest groups and energy efficiency industry representatives that operate in the states of Idaho, Montana

  7. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 7: Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 7: Transmission Summary of Key..................................................................................................................................... 1 Northwest Transmission Planning), there was concern that there had been little progress on addressing the developing transmission issues in the region

  8. Essays on International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lugovskyy, Oleksandr

    2013-12-31

    Essays on International Trade By Copyright 2013 Oleksandr Lugovskyy Submitted to the Department of Economics and the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor... of Philosophy Committee members Ted Juhl, Chairperson Paul Comolli Joseph Sicilian Alexandre Skiba Bozenna Pasik-Duncan Date defended: August 16, 2013 The Dissertation Committee for Oleksandr Lugovskyy certifies that this is the approved version of the following...

  9. Columbia River Basin Research Plan Northwest Power and Conservation Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia River Basin Research Plan By the Northwest Power and Conservation Council February 2006................................................................................................................. 20 (11) Human Development

  10. Sixth Northwest Conservation & Electric Power Plan Flexibility Adequacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northwest Power and Conservation Council Wind penetration by balancing authority 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60 action Schedule Load net of wind #12;2 March 2009 3 Northwest Power and Conservation Council Northwest Power and Conservation Council Ramping events are the principal balancing concern 0 1000 2000 3000 4000

  11. Northwest Power and Conservation Council Briefing Book

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    time as the construction of the hydropower system itself had seemed during the New Deal two generations, 1996, Page 216. ... the Northwest Power Act forged a link between regional energy development and fish through measures that impose the least economic and environmental cost on the region, while taking

  12. Northwest Energy Education Institute Lane Community College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 & 2 ­ Solar PV Design and Installation 1 & 2 ­ Energy Investment Analysis #12;Northwest Energy Programs Include: Two-year Degrees: 1. Energy Management 2. Renewable Energy Technology (2003) 3. Water Commercial Building Energy Audits 2. Trains Students To Install Renewable Energy Systems, Solar Thermal

  13. 2013Science Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013Science Frontiers #12;Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Laboratory, is pushing the frontiers of science in areas that are critical to the nation's security, health and prosperity. PNNL's science and technology base ranges from basic research

  14. Assessment of Geothermal Resources for Electric Generation in the Pacific Northwest, Draft Issue Paper for the Northwest Power Planning Council

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geyer, John D.; Kellerman, L.M.; Bloomquist, R.G.

    1989-09-26

    This document reviews the geothermal history, technology, costs, and Pacific Northwest potentials. The report discusses geothermal generation, geothermal resources in the Pacific Northwest, cost and operating characteristics of geothermal power plants, environmental effects of geothermal generation, and prospects for development in the Pacific Northwest. This report was prepared expressly for use by the Northwest Power Planning Council. The report contains numerous references at the end of the document. [DJE-2005

  15. Possible effects of competition on electricity consumers in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, S.; Hirst, E.

    1998-01-01

    In part, the impetus for restructuring the U.S. electricity industry stems from the large regional disparities in electricity prices. Indeed, industry reforms are moving most rapidly in high-cost states, such as California and those in the Northeast. Legislators, regulators, and many others in states that enjoy low electricity prices, on the other hand, ask whether increased competition will benefit consumers in their states. This report quantifies the effects of increased competition on electricity consumers and producers in two regions, the Pacific Northwest and California. California`s generating costs are roughly double those of the Northwest. We use a new strategic-planning model called Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch (ORCED) to conduct these analyses. Specifically, we analyzed four cases: a pre-competition base case intended to represent conditions as they might exist under current regulation in the year 2000, a post-competition case in which customer loads and load shapes respond to real-time electricity pricing, a sensitivity case in which natural-gas prices are 20% higher than in the base case, and a sensitivity case in which the hydroelectric output in the Northwest is 20% less than in the base case. The ORCED analyses suggest that, absent regulatory intervention, retail competition would increase profits for producers in the Northwest and lower prices for consumers in California at the expense of consumers in the Northwest and producers in California. However, state regulators may be able to capture some or all of the increased profits and use them to lower electricity prices in the low-cost region. Perhaps the most straightforward way to allocate the costs and benefits to retail customers is through development of transition-cost charges or credits. With this option, the consumers in both regions can benefit from competition. The magnitude and even direction of bulk-power trading between regions depends strongly on the amount of hydroelectric power and energy available in the Northwest. Market prices respond much more strongly to changes in natural-gas prices and hydro output than do regulated prices. Indeed, market prices are intended to closely track changes in marginal costs, while regulated prices typically track changes in average cost. The bottom line from this analysis is that increased competition can benefit retail customers in high-cost regions without harming customers in low-cost regions. Such a desirable outcome, however, is not automatic. State regulators may have to intervene to be sure that what would otherwise be additional profits for the producers in the low-cost region are used to lower prices to retail customers.

  16. Pacific Northwest Storms Situation Report # 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2006-12-15

    Severe wind and snow storms hit the Pacific Northwest region on December 14 – 15, 2006, following severe flooding during the past few days. The severe weather resulted in major power outages through the region. At peak there were 1.8 million customers without power which included BC Hydro in Canada. Currently, there are over 1.5 million outages in the region as a result of the Pacific Northwest Storms. This represents about 42 percent of customers in affected utility service areas in Oregon and Washington. See table below. Because the current wind and snow storms are coming on the heels of extensive flooding in the region, electric utilities are experiencing damage. Wind gusts reached close to 100 mph in some areas of the region. The storm is expected to bring its strong winds and heavy snow into Idaho, Montana and Wyoming Friday and into the weekend. There are currently no reported major impacts to the petroleum and natural gas infrastructure.

  17. Trees and Shrubs in Northwest Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaines, Frank; Karper, R. E. (Robert Earl); Jones, D. L. (Don L.)

    1932-01-01

    XAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS -- BULLETIN NO. 447 APRIL, 1932 DIVISION OF HORTICULTURE I'rees and Shrubs in Northwest Texas AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON.... Moore, Feed Inspector H. E. Rea, B. S.. Apro:-omist E. J. Wilson, B. S., Feed Inspector H. C. Langley, M. S., Agronomist H. G. Wickes, R. S., Feed Inspecto Publications : A. D. Jackson, Chief SUBSTATIONS No. 1, Beeville, Bee County: No. 9...

  18. Pacific Northwest Storms Situation Report # 5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2006-12-19

    Significant progress has been made in restoring power to customers in the Pacific Northwest region. Currently, 186,627 customers remain without power. The majority of customers without power are served by Puget Sound Energy. This is down from 1.8 million customers who lost power following severe wind and snow storms on December 14-15, 2006. The customers without power represent about 6 percent of customers in the affected utility service areas of Oregon and Washington. See table below.

  19. Pacific Northwest Storms Situation Report # 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2006-12-18

    Significant progress has been made in restoring power to customers in the Pacific Northwest region. Currently, 237,030 customers remain without power. This is down from 1.8 million customers who lost power following severe wind and snow storms on December 14-15, 2006. The customers without power represent about 8 percent of customers in the affected utility service areas of Oregon and Washington.

  20. Serving the People of the Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-05-01

    IF YOU LIVE IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST, CHANCES ARE YOU USE ELECTRICITY THAT’S MARKETED BY THE BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION OR IS TRANSMITTED OVER BPA POWER LINES. Headquartered in Portland, Ore., BPA is a federal agency that markets wholesale electricity and transmission to the region’s utilities as well as to some large industries. BPA provides about one-third of the electricity used in the Northwest and operates over three-fourths of the region’s high-voltage transmission. BPA does not rely on annual appropriations from Congress for its financing. Instead, the agency recovers all of its costs through sales of electricity and transmission services and repays the U.S. Treasury in full with interest for any money it borrows. BPA sells wholesale power at cost rather than charging market prices. The bulk of the power BPA sells is generated at federal hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River, thus providing some of the lowest-cost electricity in the nation. This low-cost, clean power has been a cornerstone of the Northwest economy for decades, stimulating growth and new jobs. As concerns about global climate change are placing a new premium on clean energy, the federal hydro system has become an increasingly valuable resource. In addition to being low cost, electricity produced by the federal hydro system has no greenhouse gas emissions. And this power source is renewable — replenished each year by the region’s rainfall and snowmelt.

  1. WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR · FISH ON OF FISH MEAL AND OIL , ESPECIALLY DUR ING 1953 TO 1959, THE PRI NC IPAL MARKET S FOR THE PRODUCTS- DICATE WHAT IS INCLUDED BESIDES FISHMEAL AND FISH BODY OIL. #12;WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL

  2. POTENTIAL LIMITS IMPOSED BY THE MULTILATERAL TRADING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    and international level. In particular, flexibility mechanisms-emissions trading system, joint implementation (JI. In particular, the Protocol adopted flexibility mechanisms-emissions trading system (Article 17), joint

  3. Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Presentation on Hydrogen...

  4. Preliminary Notice of Violation, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in responding to a high level alarm for a criticality safe slab tank in a laboratory vacuum system at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Preliminary Notice of Violation,...

  5. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Activity Details Location Hualalai Northwest Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Three...

  6. Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project SUCCESS STORIES

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    its early adoption of tools to improve system reliability - is testing some hefty smart grid technologies as part of the Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project. It's...

  7. Northwest public utilities, BPA top five-year energy savings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Northwest-public-utilities-BPA-top-five-year-energy-savings-target Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects &...

  8. Climate, Conservation, and Community in Alaska and Northwest Canada

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Climate, Conservation, and Community in Alaska and Northwest Canada is a joint Landscape Conservation Cooperative (LCC) and Alaska Climate Science Center (AK CSC) conference scheduled for November...

  9. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Northwest...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    this project, the Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program worked with Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction and Bonneville Power...

  10. 2014 Annual Planning Summary for the Pacific Northwest Site Office

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has determined that no new EAs or EISs are expected to commence during the next 12 to 24-month period.

  11. Following Nature's Current HYDROELECTRIC POWER IN THE NORTHWEST

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is to provide balanced information about the use of water as a renewable energy resource in the Northwest. FWEE meets our mission by providing materials and outreach...

  12. Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant - GW OU Northwest Plume | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    - GW OU Northwest Plume January 1, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis US Department of Energy Groundwater Database Groundwater Master Report InstallationName, State: Paducah Gaseous...

  13. Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Hualalai Northwest Rift...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Direct-Current...

  14. Demonstration of an Enhanced Geothermal System at the Northwest...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Demonstration of an Enhanced Geothermal System at the Northwest Geysers Geothermal Field California by Mark Walters of Calpine and Patrick Dobson of Lawrence Berkeley National...

  15. Replicating the carry trade through an exchange traded fund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shan, Jonathan (Jonathan W.)

    2013-01-01

    There is an overarching belief that the carry trade is a simple investment strategy based on the popular mantra of buying low and selling high. However, in reality, there are several factors that need to be taken into ...

  16. Pacific Northwest Storms Situation Report # 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2006-12-20

    Significant progress has been made in restoring power to customers in the Pacific Northwest region. Currently, 134,868 customers remain without power. The number of outages is down from 1.8 million customers who lost power following severe wind and snow storms on December 14-15, 2006. The customers without power represent less than 5 percent of customers in the affected utility service areas of Oregon and Washington. The majority of customers without power are served by Puget Sound Energy and Seattle City Light.

  17. Pacific Northwest Storms Situation Report # 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2006-12-17

    Significant progress has been made in restoring power to customers in the Pacific Northwest region. Currently, 468,200 customers, including Canada, remain without power. This is down from 1.8 million customers who lost power following severe wind and snow storms on December 14-15, 2006. The customers without power represent about 16 percent of customers in the affected utility service areas of Oregon and Washington. See table below. The Olympic pipeline reports that the pipeline is operational; however, pipeline throughput remains reduced since one substation along the line remains without power. Complete power restoration is expected later today. There are no reports of problems regarding fuel distribution and production.

  18. Northwest Geothermal Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:sourceNortheastNOVEC)Northvale, NewNorthwest

  19. Pacific Northwest Generating Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyInc the former JumpNorthwest

  20. The Value of Emissions Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Mort David.

    This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...

  1. Emissions Trading: A Feasible Analysis for UBC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emissions Trading: A Feasible Analysis for UBC Vivian Hoffman, J Chisholm I. Introduction The GVRD environmental objectives are achieved. Emissions reduction credit trading (or emissions trading) is an example Valley (LFV). Section III describes the market-based instruments of emissions trading and facility

  2. Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MIT CEEEPR Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman Massachusetts Institute of Technology Emissions Trading for Energy and Environmental Policy Research #12;MIT CEEEPR Two Types of Air Emissions Trading · Credit- · OTC/SIP-Call NOx Budget Programs: 1999- · EU's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme: 2005- ­ The first CO2

  3. NIST Standards in Trade Workshops Increase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST Standards in Trade Workshops Increase Trade Opportunities and Exports for U.S. Industry Since 1995, U.S. industry has looked to the NIST Standards in Trade (SIT) Workshop Program to provide opportunities for cooperation on topics related to standards, conformity assessment and trade that are important

  4. United States Trade and Foreign Labor Interests: The Effects on Foreign Labor of Linking Trade with Labor Provisions in Bilateral U.S. Free Trade Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soleimani, Jonathan

    2008-01-01

    Global Labor Standards and Free Trade: The Siamese Twins ofbilateral and regional free trade agreements (FTAs) withyear’s deadlock on the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas

  5. Trade, Environment and Sustainable Development Spring 2006 Topics in Trade Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a common myth among environmentalists: the case for free trade ignores capital flows parallels between the case for free trade and the case for free investment international vs interregional trade #12;Trade, Environment and Sustainable Development Spring 2006 Topics in Trade Theory sources of gains

  6. Northwest Region Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sjoding, David

    2013-09-30

    The main objective of the Northwest Clean Energy Application Center (NW CEAC) is to promote and support implementation of clean energy technologies. These technologies include combined heat and power (CHP), district energy, waste heat recovery with a primary focus on waste heat to power, and other related clean energy systems such as stationary fuel cell CHP systems. The northwest states include AK, ID, MT, OR, and WA. The key aim/outcome of the Center is to promote and support implementation of clean energy projects. Implemented projects result in a number of benefits including increased energy efficiency, renewable energy development (when using opportunity fuels), reduced carbon emissions, improved facility economics helping to preserve jobs, and reduced criteria pollutants calculated on an output-based emissions basis. Specific objectives performed by the NW CEAC fall within the following five broad promotion and support categories: 1) Center management and planning including database support; 2) Education and Outreach including plan development, website, target market workshops, and education/outreach materials development 3) Identification and provision of screening assessments & feasibility studies as funded by the facility or occasionally further support of Potential High Impact Projects; 4) Project implementation assistance/trouble shooting; and 5) Development of a supportive clean energy policy and initiative/financing framework.

  7. 2006 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2006-03-01

    The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (White Book), which is published annually by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), establishes one of the planning bases for supplying electricity to customers. The White Book contains projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. The White Book also contains information obtained from formalized resource planning reports and data submittals including those from individual utilities, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Council), and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC). The White Book is not an operational planning guide, nor is it used for determining BPA revenues, although the database that generates the data for the White Book analysis contributes to the development of BPA's inventory and ratemaking processes. Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) is based on a set of criteria different from that used for resource planning decisions. Operational planning is dependent upon real-time or near-term knowledge of system conditions that include expectations of river flows and runoff, market opportunities, availability of reservoir storage, energy exchanges, and other factors affecting the dynamics of operating a power system. The load resource balance of both the Federal system and the region is determined by comparing resource availability to an expected level of total retail electricity consumption. Resources include projected energy capability plus contract purchases. Loads include a forecast of retail obligations plus contract obligations. Surplus energy is available when resources are greater than loads. This surplus energy could be marketed to increase revenues. Energy deficits occur when resources are less than loads. These energy deficits will be met by any combination of the following: better-than-critical water conditions, demand-side management and conservation programs, permanent loss of loads due to economic conditions or closures, additional contract purchases, and/or the addition of new generating resources. This study incorporates information on Pacific Northwest (PNW) regional retail loads, contract obligations, and contract resources. This loads and resources analysis simulates the operation of the power system in the PNW. The simulated hydro operation incorporates plant characteristics, streamflows, and non-power requirements from the current Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA). Additional resource capability estimates were provided by BPA, PNW Federal agency, public agency, cooperative, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR), and investor-owned utility (IOU) customers furnished through annual PNUCC data submittals for 2005 and/or direct submittals to BPA. The 2006 White Book is presented in two documents: (1) this summary document of Federal system and PNW region loads and resources, and (2) a technical appendix which presents regional loads, grouped by major PNW utility categories, and detailed contract and resource information. The technical appendix is available only in electronic form. Individual customer information for marketer contracts is not detailed due to confidentiality agreements. The 2006 White Book analysis updates the 2004 White Book. This analysis shows projections of the Federal system and region's yearly average annual energy consumption and resource availability for the study period, OY 2007-2016. The study also presents projections of Federal system and region expected 1-hour monthly peak demand, monthly energy demand, monthly 1-hour peak generating capability, and monthly energy generation for OY 2007, 2011, and 2016. BPA is investigating a new approach in capacity planning depicting the monthly Federal system 120-hour peak generating capability and 120-hour peak surplus/deficit for OY 2007, 2011, and 2016. This document analyzes the PNW's projected loads and available generating resources in two parts: (1) the loads and resources of the Federal system, for which BPA is the marketing agency;

  8. ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS AND CITIZENS OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ratepayers enjoy the benefits of the low-cost federal hydropower system while responsibly addressing in decision-making. This annual report has been developed pursuant to Section 4(h)(12)(A) of the Northwest emitted by Northwest power plants and recommended ways to reduce resulting emissions, and developed new

  9. Independent Scientific Review Panel for the Northwest Power Planning Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Independent Scientific Review Panel for the Northwest Power Planning Council 851 SW 6th Avenue memorandum, the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) requested that the ISRP conduct additional review in which TPL would purchase the property from the developer, convey the conservation easement to WDFW

  10. Date: June 12, 2007 To: Pacific Northwest Demand Response Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Date: June 12, 2007 To: Pacific Northwest Demand Response Project From: Rich Sedano/RAP and Chuck, 2007 meeting of the Pacific Northwest Demand Response Project, we agreed to form three Working Groups for the evaluation of cost-effectiveness of Demand Response resources. One potential outcome would be for state

  11. (c) 2015 Northwest Natural Health A Specialty Care Clinic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brent, Roger

    1 (c) 2015 Northwest Natural Health A Specialty Care Clinic Dan Labriola ND Lisa Price ND Tara A Specialty Care Clinic 6 Most Common CAM Therapies in the US · Energy healing therapy/Reiki* · Guided imagery. Reiki is an energy medicine practice that originated in Japan #12;(c) 2015 Northwest Natural Health

  12. Antidotes To Regionalism: Responses to Trade Diversion Effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard H.

    1993-01-01

    clients. Nonh American Free Trade Agreement. Dec 17. 1992.tlie Noith Aineikan Free Trade Agreement until line UnitedOF THi NORTH AMERICAN* FREE-TRADE AGREEMENT. U S I T C

  13. From Trade-to-Trade in US Treasuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dungey, Mardi; Henry, Olan; McKenzie, Michael

    will use small limit orders to search for trading counter parties. Once they have identified a dealer who has indicated a willingness to trade, they will enter into quantity negotiations, i.e. a workup will take place. This process affords greater anonymity... the dataset and characterises the data in terms of transaction size, intensity and workups. A comprehensive examination of the data is undertaken and the analysis suggests that the information content of news arrival, volume and workup time each have a role...

  14. Pacific Northwest Storms Situation Report # 7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2006-12-21

    Despite a small storm that came through the area last night with wind gusts peaking at 45 MPH, progress continues to be made in restoring power to customers who lost power during the December 14-15 storms which hit the Pacific Northwest region. Currently, 95,971 customers remain without power, down from 1.8 million customers. The wind storm which affected the area yesterday was not as bad as previously expected, with the majority of the customer outages in the BC Hydro region, and 3,000 additional customer outages in the Puget Sound Energy service area. The customers without power represent 5 percent of customers in the affected utility service areas of Washington. The majority of customers without power are served by Puget Sound Energy, BC Hydro, and Seattle City Light.

  15. International Environmental Agreements: Emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

    2012-01-01

    agreements, trade policy, and environmental policy in an1 Introduction 2 Trade policy and environmental policy 3 The2 Trade policy and environmental policy Environmentalists

  16. Emissions Trading, Electricity Industry Restructuring, and Investment in Pollution Abatement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith

    2005-01-01

    Foss, B . "Carbon Emissions Trading is New Weapon to BattleBehavior and the Emission Trading Market, Resources andof Sulfur Dioxide Emissions Trading." The Journal of

  17. BP's Perspective on Emissions Purdue Emissions Trading Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BP's Perspective on Emissions Trading Purdue Emissions Trading Workshop April 30, 2010 Mark - Government policies can create a carbon price via three primary mechanisms: - Emissions trading (BP's strong

  18. Northwest Energy Innovations (TRL 5 6 System)- WETNZ MtiMode Wave Energy Converter Advancement Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Northwest Energy Innovations (TRL 5 6 System) - WETNZ MtiMode Wave Energy Converter Advancement Project

  19. Sumas, WA Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    12,530 7,769 9,768 6,016 10,409 3,547 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 5.55 4.81 4.47 3.87 4.02 5.05 1996...

  20. Sumas, WA LNG Imports from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan3 November 2013Additions (Million CubicYear Jan31 South8

  1. Sumas, WA LNG Imports from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan3 November 2013Additions (Million CubicYear Jan31 South812,530

  2. Essays on international trade and investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Heiwai

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three essays on international trade and investment. In the first essay, I study how cross-country differences in labor market institutions shape the pattern of international trade with a focus ...

  3. Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

    2013-01-01

    coal, oil, gas) to international trade in products (Davis etas traded oil). Globally, consumption of products was moreproducts consumed in many of the same countries increasingly rely on coal, oil and

  4. Emission trading with absolute and intensity caps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Jaemin

    2005-01-01

    The Kyoto Protocol introduced emission trading to help reduce the cost of compliances for the Annex B countries that have absolute caps. However, we need to expand the emission trading to cover developing countries in order ...

  5. Essays on trades and security prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obizhaeva, Anna

    2007-01-01

    This thesis consists of three chapters that investigate the complex relation between security prices and trades of market participants. In the first chapter, I study the evolution of stock prices after trades with different ...

  6. Essays on Trade and Production Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noguera, Guillermo Marcelo

    2011-01-01

    Trade in 2 Augmented Gravity: Accounting for Production 2.13 Production Sharing and Trade Costs Over 3.1of the Database . . . . . . . 3.3 Production Sharing over

  7. Emissions trading: principles and practice. 2nd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tietenberg, T.H.

    2006-02-15

    The author demonstrates how emissions trading became an attractive alternative to command-and-control policies that would have required the EPA to disallow the opening of new plants in the middle of the recession-burdened 1970s. His examination of the evolution of this system includes, among other applications, the largest multinational trading system ever conceived, the European Union's Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Scheme (EUETG), and the use of emissions trading in the Kyoto Protocol.

  8. SBIR and Global Trade Summit Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation from the July 26, 2012 trade summit in Uncasville, Connecticut, presented by the Small Business Innovation Research program.

  9. Pacific Northwest Laboratory ALARA report for CY 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceffalo, G.M.; Oxley, C.L.; Wright, P.A.

    1992-05-01

    This report provides summary results of the CY 1990 ALARA Program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory. Information has been included regarding whole-body exposures to radiation, skin contaminations, and the nonradiological ALARA program.

  10. Northwest Distributed/Community Wind Workgroup Meeting- MT

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Northwest Wind Resource and Action Center, which is partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, will facilitate a workgroup meeting for stakeholders involved in the distributed and...

  11. Seventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan ACTION PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and a time frame for completion of the action. RESOURCE STRATEGY Energy efficiency is the first priority resource in the Northwest Power Act. The Council's analysis for the Seventh Plan affirmed that energy .......................................................................................................................................2 Resource Strategy

  12. NORTHWEST NATURALIST Tuesday Sep 25 2007 01:13 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Matthew

    NORTHWEST NATURALIST Tuesday Sep 25 2007 01:13 PM Allen Press · DTPro System GALLEY 147 nwnt 88_303 Mp_147 File # 03em 147 NORTHWESTERN NATURALIST 88:147­154 WINTER 2007 A COMPARISON OF GROUND

  13. Energy efficiency of Pacific Northwest agriculture irrigation pumping systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilfert, G.L.; Harrer, B.J.

    1987-03-01

    This document addresses the energy use and efficiency characteristics of pumping plants used to irrigate agricultural cropland in the Pacific Northwest. The principal focus of this document is on field information obtained from tests of irrigation pumping plants.

  14. FITCH RATES ENERGY NORTHWEST, WA'S ELECTRIC REV RFDG BONDS 'AA...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FITCH RATES ENERGY NORTHWEST, WA'S ELECTRIC REV RFDG BONDS 'AA'; OUTLOOK STABLE Fitch Ratings-Austin-22 September 2015: Fitch Ratings assigns its 'AA' rating to the following bonds...

  15. Northwest students battle wits at ŤSuper Bowl of Science?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mike Hansen, BPA, 503-230-4328 media line 503-230-5131 Northwest students battle wits at "Super Bowl of Science" BPA sponsors the 21 st annual Regional Science Bowl Portland, Ore....

  16. ICTSD Project on Trade and Sustainable Land Management International Centre for Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Sustainable Development Selected Issue Briefs ICTSD Programme on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development Trade and Sustainable Land Management in Drylands August 2007 #12;#12;August 2007 ICTSD Programme on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development Trade and Sustainable Land Management in Drylands Selected Issue

  17. Oil Trading Simon Basey / November 28, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    Oil Trading Simon Basey / November 28, 2013 #12;2 What does IST do? Imports crude oil and other Markets BP's equity crude oil, NGLs and natural gas Generates entrepreneurial trading income Manages BP trader, focussing on US crude oil futures. How would you trade the following timeline of events: a

  18. For Fair Trade "We can compete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    everywhere. To learn more about Canada's lumber subsidies, and how to restore fair and free lumber tradeFor Fair Trade "We can compete against any lumber industry in the world, but we can't compete of subsidizing Canadian lumber production. These unfair trade practices have caused hundreds of U.S. lumber mill

  19. The Trade and Climate Change Joint Agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract Climate change, international trade, investment and technology transfer are all issues that haveThe Trade and Climate Change Joint Agenda CEPS Working Document No. 295/June 2008 Thomas L. Brewer............................................................................ 6 3.2 Coverage of the Multilateral Climate and Trade Regimes

  20. North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosson, C. Parr; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Moulton, Kirby S.; Sanders, Larry D.

    1999-06-23

    -term view of U.S.-Mexico trade and the implications of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)....

  1. The Pacific Northwest Demand Response Market Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chassin, David P.; Hammerstrom, Donald J.; DeSteese, John G.

    2008-07-20

    This paper describes the implementation and results of a field demonstration wherein residential electric water heaters and thermostats, commercial building space conditioning, municipal water pump loads, and several distributed generators were coordinated to manage constrained feeder electrical distribution through the two-way communication of load status and electric price signals. The field demonstration took place in Washington and Oregon and was paid for by the U.S. Department of Energy and several northwest utilities. Price is found to be an effective control signal for managing transmission or distribution congestion. Real-time signals at 5-minute intervals are shown to shift controlled load in time. The behaviors of customers and their responses under fixed, time-ofuse, and real-time price contracts are compared. Peak loads are effectively reduced on the experimental feeder. A novel application of portfolio theory is applied to the selection of an optimal mix of customer contract types. Index Terms—demand response, power markets, retail markets, distribution automation, distributed resources, load control.

  2. Draft framework for watershed-based trading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-05-30

    Effluent trading is an innovative way for water quality agencies and community stakeholders to develop common-sense, cost-effective solutions for water quality problems in their watersheds. Trading can allow communities to grow and prosper while retaining their commitment to water quality. The bulk of this framework discusses effluent trading in watersheds. Remaining sections discuss transactions that, while not technically fulfilling the definition of `effluent` trade, do involve the exchange of valued water quality or other ecological improvements between partners responding to market initiatives. This document therefore includes activities such as trades within a facility (intra-plant trading) and wetland mitigation banking, effluent trading/watersheds/watershed management/water quality protection/water quality management.

  3. Multilateral, regional and bilateral energy trade governance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leal-Arcas, Rafael; Grasso, Costantino; Rios, Juan Alemany )

    2014-12-01

    The current international energy trade governance system is fragmented and multi-layered. Streamlining it for greater legal cohesiveness and international political and economic cooperation would promote global energy security. The current article explores three levels of energy trade governance: multilateral, regional and bilateral. Most energy-rich countries are part of the multilateral trading system, which is institutionalized by the World Trade Organization (WTO). The article analyzes the multilateral energy trade governance system by focusing on the WTO and energy transportation issues. Regionally, the article focuses on five major regional agreements and their energy-related aspects and examines the various causes that explain the proliferation of regional trade agreements, their compatibility with WTO law, and then provides several examples of regional energy trade governance throughout the world. When it comes to bilateral energy trade governance, this article only addresses the European Union’s (EU) bilateral energy trade relations. The article explores ways in which gaps could be filled and overlaps eliminated whilst remaining true to the high-level normative framework, concentrating on those measures that would enhance EU energy security.

  4. U.S. Timber Production, Trade, Consumption,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    and Technology Assessment Unit at the Forest Products Laboratory. Chris McKeever created computer files managers, forest industries, trade associations, forestry schools, renewable resource organizations

  5. International Electricity Trade - Open Access | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DOE has consistently expressed its policy that international electricity trade should be subject to the same principles of comparable open access and non-discrimination that apply...

  6. Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power: A Centralised Renewables Market and Other Concepts Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  7. Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hewes, Tom; Peeks, Brady

    2013-02-01

    The DOE research team Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC), Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Home Program (NEEM) program administrator, collaborated to research a new specification that would reduce the energy requirements of a NEEM home.This research identified and developed combinations of cost-effective high performance building assemblies and mechanical systems that can readily can be deployed in the manufacturing setting that reduce energy used for space conditioning, water heating and lighting by 50% over the present NEEM specifications.

  8. Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix J THE MODEL CONSERVATION STANDARDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J-1 Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix J APPENDIX J THE MODEL Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix J Table J-1 Illustrative Paths

  9. Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix I ENVIRONMENTAL COST METHODOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I-1 Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix I APPENDIX I from the ranking based on monetary costs alone. #12;I-2 Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation

  10. Example Summary Research Plan Extracted from the Northwest Power and Conservation Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Example Summary Research Plan 2007-2013 Extracted from the Northwest Power and Conservation Council.................................................................................................... 15 (11) Human Development .......................................................................................... 16 i #12;Example Summary Research Plan, 2007-2013 I. Introduction For 25 years, the Northwest Power

  11. Seventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan B-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ...................................................4 Figure B - 2: Electricity Prices, Natural Gas Prices and Hydro Power OutputSeventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan B-1 APPENDIX B..................................................................................................................................9 Pacific Northwest Hydro Modeling

  12. November2013Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Myanmar: The Political Economy of Myanmar's Timber Trade #12;#12;Timber Trade Flows and Actors in MyanmarNovember2013Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance Timber Trade Flows and Actors The Political Economy of Myanmar's Timber Trade Kevin Woods November 2013 #12;Acknowledgments The author, Kevin

  13. MasterofInternationalTrade(MIT) About the MIT Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    used to evaluate the effects of free trade on national economics. Students will explore classical, the General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade, and the North American Free Trade AgreementMasterofInternationalTrade(MIT) About the MIT Program The Master of International Trade (MIT

  14. Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

    2009-01-01

    competitiveness in the eu emissions trading scheme: Policyand-trade systems for emissions trading is the allocation orciency of the resulting emissions trading market. Certainly

  15. South Korea–U.S. free trade agreement will lower export barriers for California products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A

    2011-01-01

    DA. 2009. The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea:Index.html. USTR. 2011. Free trade agreements. www.ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements. South Korea

  16. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix D: Wholesale Electricity Price Forecast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix D: Wholesale Electricity Price........................................................................................ 13 Fuel Prices................................................................................................................................. 14 Carbon Dioxide Prices

  17. Northwest Power and Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northwest Power and Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Findings) of the Northwest Power Act, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council oversees the development, amendment by the development and operation of the hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River and its tributaries, known

  18. Northwest Power and Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Northwest Power and Conservation Council Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Findings) of the Northwest Power Act, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council oversees the development, amendment by the development and operation of the hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River and its tributaries, known

  19. Carbon Dioxide Footprint of the Northwest Power System Comments submitted by Grant County Public Utility District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbon Dioxide Footprint of the Northwest Power System Comments submitted by Grant County Public paper: Carbon Dioxide Footprint of the Northwest Power System, dated September 13, 2007. The Grant done a very thorough job of assessing the current and future carbon dioxide footprints of the Northwest

  20. Independent Scientific Review Panel for the Northwest Power and Conservation Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville). The Independent Scientific Review Panel (ISRP) and peer reviewIndependent Scientific Review Panel for the Northwest Power and Conservation Council 851 SW 6 th to the Northwest Power Act directed the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Council) to appoint an 11-member

  1. ForPeerReview Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treiman, Allan H.

    ForPeerReview Only Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998 Journal Northwest Africa 998 Allan H. Treiman Lunar and Planetary Institute, 3600 Bay Area Blvd., Houston, TX 77058PeerReview Only ABSTRACT Nakhlite Northwest Africa (NWA) 998 is an augite-rich cumulate igneous rock, with mineral

  2. ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS AND CITIZENS OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2007 - September 30, 2008 FISCAL YEAR 2008 #12;#12;28th ANNUAL REPORT of the Northwest Power River Basin, and to inform the public about energy and fish and wildlife issues and involve the public a synopsis of the major activities of the Council during the fiscal year ending September 30, 2008

  3. Pacific Northwest Laboratory ALARA report for CY 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceffalo, G.M.

    1993-09-01

    This report provides summary results of the CY 1992 As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) Program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL).(a) This report includes information regarding whole-body exposures to radiation, skin contaminations, and the nonradiological ALARA program.

  4. Pacific Northwest Laboratory ALARA report for CY 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceffalo, G.M.

    1992-09-01

    This report provides summary results of the CY 1991 As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) Program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL).(a) This report includes information regarding whole-body exposures to radiation, skin contaminations, and the nonradiological ALARA program.

  5. PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY'S CENTER FOR GLOBAL SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Treaty The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty puts a cap on the development of nuclear weapons by banning nuclear weapon testing. The Treaty Organization will verify the ban on nuclear tests, operatingHOSTED BY: · PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY'S CENTER FOR GLOBAL SECURITY · THE NUCLEAR

  6. 2013 White Book, Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (summary)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-10-01

    The 2013 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (2013 White Book) is BPA's latest projection of the Pacific Northwest regional retail loads, contract obligations, contract purchases, and resource capabilities. The 2013 White Book is a snapshot of conditions as of October 1, 2013, documenting the loads and resources for the Federal system and region for the 10-year study period OY 2014 through 2023. The White Book contains projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. The White Book also contains information obtained from formalized resource planning reports and data submittals including those from individual utilities, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Council), and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC). Starting with the 2012 White Book, BPA changed the annual production schedule for future White Books. BPA is scheduled to publish a complete White Book, which includes a Federal System Needs Assessment analysis, every other year (even years). In the odd-numbered years, BPA will publish a biennial summary update (Supplement) that only contains major changes to the Federal System and Regional System analyses that have occurred since the last White Book. http://www.bpa.gov/power/pgp/whitebook/2013/index.shtml.

  7. MSU Fruit Team 2012 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 MSU Fruit Team 2012 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

  8. MSU Fruit Team 2011 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 MSU Fruit Team 2011 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

  9. MSU Fruit Team 2010 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 MSU Fruit Team 2010 Apple Maturity Report Northwest Region Reports During the harvest season, apples from different regions are collected for maturity testing. The data is then compiled by MSU Extension educators into recommendations for harvest and storage of the most commonly grown apple varieties

  10. ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS AND CITIZENS OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the low-cost federal hydropower system while responsibly addressing the impacts of the system on fish in decision-making. This annual report has been developed pursuant to Section 4(h)(12)(A) of the Northwest developing supply of wind power is integrated into the baseload power supply in a manner that does not erode

  11. Ocean Observatories Initiative: Pacific Northwest The Endurance Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    Ocean Observatories Initiative: Pacific Northwest The Endurance Array The processes that shape. The Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) will build a 25­30 year laboratory on the seafloor, in the water column, and at the ocean surface. It will make available novel platforms for oceanographic discovery

  12. Energy Storage Architecture Northwest Power and Conservation Council Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modular Energy Storage Architecture (MESA) Northwest Power and Conservation Council Symposium: Innovations in Energy Storage Technologies February 13, 2013 Portland, OR #12;2 Agenda 2/13/2013 Renewable energy challenges Vision for energy storage Energy storage barriers MESA ­ Standardization & software

  13. NORTHWEST ENERGY EFFICIENCY TASKFORCE DEC. 31, 2008 DRAFT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Energy Efficiency to Succeed as a Reliable Resource in the Region? Executive Summary I. Introduction II. Data Required to Quantify Energy Efficiency Resources III. Background on the Process for WorkGroup #1NORTHWEST ENERGY EFFICIENCY TASKFORCE DEC. 31, 2008 DRAFT REPORT APPENDICES Appendix A: Work Group

  14. Sixth Power Plan northwest Power and Conservation Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Identifies least-cost, least-risk resources · Northwest Power Act decrees energy efficiency as the top strategy: Meet 85 percent of growth in demand with energy efficiency; Integrate renewable resources · Energy efficiency to meet energy, capacity and flexibility needs · Resource avoided costs, determining

  15. Tropospheric Ozone Satellite Retrievals in the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Tropospheric Ozone Satellite Retrievals in the Pacific Northwest Jacqueline Costello1, Farren: Tropospheric ozone is difficult to retrieve from satellites because of the abundance of ozone in the stratosphere. Tropospheric ozone has become a significant environmental issue and can be exacerbated by UT

  16. Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Northwest Plume interceptor system evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laase, A.D.; Clausen, J.L.

    1998-07-01

    The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) recently installed an interceptor system consisting of four wells, evenly divided between two well fields, to contain the Northwest Plume. As stated in the Northwest Plume Record of Decision (ROD), groundwater will be pumped at a rate to reduce further contamination and initiate control of the northwest contaminant plume. The objective of this evaluation was to determine the optimum (minimal) well field pumping rates required for plume hotspot containment. Plume hotspot, as defined in the Northwest Plume ROD and throughout this report, is that portion of the plume with trichloroethene (TCE) concentrations greater than 1,000 {micro}g/L. An existing 3-dimensional groundwater model was modified and used to perform capture zone analyses of the north and south interceptor system well fields. Model results suggest that the plume hotspot is not contained at the system design pumping rate of 100 gallons per minute (gal/min) per well field. Rather, the modeling determined that north and south well field pumping rates of 400 and 150 gal/min, respectively, are necessary for plume hotspot containment. The difference between the design and optimal pumping rates required for containment can be attributed to the discovery of a highly transmissive zone in the vicinity of the two well fields.

  17. Ecological Effects of Wave Energy Development in the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    ......................................................................................................7 The Technology: Wave Energy Development on the West Coast Mirko Previsic, re vision consultingEcological Effects of Wave Energy Development in the Pacific Northwest A Scientific Workshop Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/SPO-92 #12;#12;Ecological Effects of Wave Energy Development in the Pacific

  18. A Management Model of the Northwest African Cephalopod Fishery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Management Model of the Northwest African Cephalopod Fishery W. E. GRANT, W. L. GRIFFIN, and J. P MAURITANIA Nouakchott SENEGAL t::;--~--+-GA M BIA oCanary Islands t? ",(/ and Fisheries Sciences and W. L. Griffin and J. P. Warren are with the Department of Agricul- tural Economics

  19. Establishment of Northwest Building Testbeds: Final Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stiles, Dennis L.

    2012-08-01

    This document provides a short summary of a project jointly funded by the DOE Building Technologies Program and the Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance. The report the outcomes achieved in the jointly-funded project, describes major project activities, discusses future plans for the homes and data, and provides details on project costs and schedule performance.

  20. Ecological Effects of Wave Energy Development in the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ecological Effects of Wave Energy Development in the Pacific Northwest A Scientific Workshop Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/SPO-92 #12;#12;Ecological Effects of Wave Energy Development in the Pacific Service; Justin Klure, Oregon Wave Energy Trust; Greg McMurray, Oregon Department of Land Conservation

  1. Aspects of Late Helladic sea trade 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachhuber, Christoph Stephen

    2004-09-30

    ASPECTS OF LATE HELLADIC SEA TRADE A Thesis by CHRISTOPH... ASPECTS OF LATE HELLADIC SEA TRADE A Thesis by CHRISTOPH BACHHUBER Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS Approved as to style and content by...

  2. The Export Question: Designing Policy for British Columbia Electricity Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    The Export Question: Designing Policy for British Columbia Electricity Trade Dr. George Hoberg..........................................................................................................................................5 2 BC's Electricity Trade Picture: Context and Trends........................................................................6 2.1 How electricity trading works

  3. Market power in international carbon emissions trading: a laboratory test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlén, Björn.

    The prospect that governments of one or a few large countries, or trading blocs, would engage in international greenhouse gas emissions trading has led several policy analysts to express concerns that trade would be ...

  4. Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop Introduction and Overview manner. Workshop rather than conference. #12;What is Emissions Trading? (or "Cap and Trade") · Cap & Enforcement · Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) mechanisms for reductions #12;Five Emissions

  5. Market Microstructure Patterns Powering Trading and Surveillance Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    Market Microstructure Patterns Powering Trading and Surveillance Agents Longbing Cao (University are then used for powering market trading and surveillance agents for automatically detecting market models. From data analysis perspective, we view it valuable for smart trading in designing legal

  6. EA-208 Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P...

  7. International Trade in Used Vehicles: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Lucas

    2009-01-01

    B.   and  Taylor,  S.   “Is  Free  Trade  Good  for  the and  the  Mexico?U.S.  Free Trade Agreement,” in P.  M.  ed. , The Mexico?U.S.  Free Trade Agreement,  Cambridge, 

  8. Global Trade Policy Development in a Two-Track System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crump, Larry

    2006-01-01

    Australian–United States free trade agreement’ 56 Australian2002; Thailand–Australia Free Trade Agreement of 2004). OfThe Singapore–Australia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) can be

  9. Meeting Summary, Credit Trading Work Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Bryan

    2000-12-07

    OAK-B135 Credit Trading Work Group Meeting Summary. The purpose of the meeting is to: (1) Provide an opportunity for NWCC Work Group Members, NWCC Members, and invited expert participants to hear an overview of the draft NWCC Credit Trading Report and to critically review and discuss the report's recommendations and principles. (2) Hear presentations from several perspectives of other experts on credit trading which provide: (a) a brief summary of credit trading activities they are involved in, and (b) critical responses to the NWCC draft report. (3) Identify how the report can be improved at the big picture level. Attempt to resolve issues or concerns if necessary. (4) Discuss the recommendations and credit trading principles in detail and attempt to reach consensus on these sections for presentation to the NWCC. (5) Discuss if any of the outreach and communication recommendations in the report should be conducted by the NWCC.

  10. Commodity Money in a Convex Trading Post Sequence Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2008-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:signal its supply. The trading post sequence economy modelin a Walrasian trading post example,” Economics Letters,

  11. EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Trading Company to export electric energy to Canada. EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-232 OGE Energy Resources Inc EA-249...

  12. Energy-Focused Trade Mission Will Yield Positive Effects for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    trade mission focused on connecting U.S. businesses with opportunities in the green infrastructure and energy efficiency industries. This trade mission will promote...

  13. Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy...

  14. Federal Energy Management Trade Show | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Federal Energy Management Trade Show Federal Energy Management Trade Show Addthis 1 of 4 Timothy Unruh, Program Manager for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy...

  15. Distributional effects of trade and tariffs between and within countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobal, Martin

    2012-01-01

    126 Model Setup and Free-Tradeand the economy approaches free trade ( increases). As tradeas the economy approaches free trade. Turning back to our

  16. High Performance Home Cost Performance Trade-Offs: Production...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    High Performance Home Cost Performance Trade-Offs: Production Builders - Building America Top Innovation High Performance Home Cost Performance Trade-Offs: Production Builders -...

  17. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory institutional plan FY 1997--2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-10-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory`s core mission is to deliver environmental science and technology in the service of the nation and humanity. Through basic research fundamental knowledge is created of natural, engineered, and social systems that is the basis for both effective environmental technology and sound public policy. Legacy environmental problems are solved by delivering technologies that remedy existing environmental hazards, today`s environmental needs are addressed with technologies that prevent pollution and minimize waste, and the technical foundation is being laid for tomorrow`s inherently clean energy and industrial processes. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory also applies its capabilities to meet selected national security, energy, and human health needs; strengthen the US economy; and support the education of future scientists and engineers. Brief summaries are given of the various tasks being carried out under these broad categories.

  18. Heat Management Strategy Trade Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nick Soelberg; Steve Priebe; Dirk Gombert; Ted Bauer

    2009-09-01

    This Heat Management Trade Study was performed in 2008-2009 to expand on prior studies in continued efforts to analyze and evaluate options for cost-effectively managing SNF reprocessing wastes. The primary objective was to develop a simplified cost/benefit evaluation for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) reprocessing that combines the characteristics of the waste generated through reprocessing with the impacts of the waste on heating the repository. Under consideration were age of the SNF prior to reprocessing, plutonium and minor actinide (MA) separation from the spent fuel for recycle, fuel value of the recycled Pu and MA, age of the remaining spent fuel waste prior to emplacement in the repository, length of time that active ventilation is employed in the repository, and elemental concentration and heat limits for acceptable glass waste form durability. A secondary objective was to identify and qualitatively analyze remaining issues such as (a) impacts of aging SNF prior to reprocessing on the fuel value of the recovered fissile materials, and (b) impact of reprocessing on the dose risk as developed in the Yucca Mountain Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA). Results of this study can be used to evaluate different options for managing decay heat in waste streams from spent nuclear fuel.

  19. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Institutional Plan FY 2004-2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quadrel, Marilyn J.

    2004-04-15

    This Institutional Plan for FY 2004-2008 is the principal annual planning document submitted to the Department of Energy's Office of Science by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington. This plan describes the Laboratory's mission, roles, and technical capabilities in support of Department of Energy priorities, missions, and plans. It also describes the Laboratory strategic plan, key planning assumptions, major research initiatives, and program strategy for fundamental science, energy resources, environmental quality, and national security.

  20. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory institutional plan: FY 1996--2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-01-01

    This report contains the operation and direction plan for the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory of the US Department of Energy. The topics of the plan include the laboratory mission and core competencies, the laboratory strategic plan; the laboratory initiatives in molecular sciences, microbial biotechnology, global environmental change, complex modeling of physical systems, advanced processing technology, energy technology development, and medical technologies and systems; core business areas, critical success factors, and resource projections.

  1. Electric trade in the United States 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-08-01

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1994, the wholesale trade market totaled 1.9 trillion kilowatthours, about 66% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1994 (ELECTRA), is the fifth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1994.

  2. Equity and Emissions Trading in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, D.

    China has embarked on an ambitious pathway for establishing a national carbon market in the next five to ten years. In this study, we analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, ...

  3. The temporal efficiency of SO? emissions trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2002-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical evaluation of the temporal efficiency of the U.S. Acid Rain Program, which implemented a nationwide market for trading and banking sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission allowances. We first develop ...

  4. Is international emissions trading always beneficial?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babiker, Mustafa H.M.

    Economic efficiency is a major argument for the inclusion of an international emission permit trading system under the Kyoto Protocol. Using a partial equilibrium framework, energy system models have shown that implementing ...

  5. An empirical analysis of quantitative trading strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiuchi, Masaharu

    2008-01-01

    Along with the increasing computing power, growing availability of various data streams, introduction of the electronic exchanges, decreasing trading costs and heating-up competition in financial investment industry, ...

  6. Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

    2013-01-01

    imported products or fossil fuels are more exposed to energytrade in carbon (as fossil fuels and also embodied inWithin this, trade in fossil fuels was larger (10.8 GtCO 2

  7. Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muendler, Marc-Andreas

    2007-01-01

    Rate and Job Flows in Brazil,” Journal of Policy Reform,intensive occupations in Brazil’s traded-goods sector isinput tari? (in z jt ). Brazil’s nominal exchange rate is

  8. Port Royal, Jamaica, and the slave trade 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, David A

    2000-01-01

    for understanding the conduct of the slave trade in Port Royal. Primary documents, which include official records, personal accounts, correspondence, probate inventories, wills and records of deeds and grants, reveal information beyond census and volume...

  9. The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading Tianyu Qi, Niven Trading Tianyu Qi* , Niven Winchester , Valerie J. Karplus and Xiliang Zhang Abstract Emissions trading of the European Union's Emissions Trading System with a new system in Australia in 2015, this paper simulates

  10. 7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis Background On April 30, 2010, more than 70 people gathered for an all-day workshop on emissions trading at Purdue University's Discovery of different emission trading proposals. The need for such discussion is great. Pollution trading is a high

  11. Bargaining-based Energy Trading Market for Interconnected Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Bargaining-based Energy Trading Market for Interconnected Microgrids Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang trading among mul- tiple connected microgrids, and analyzes the impacts of such trading on the microgrids' costs. In our model, microgrids with excessive power generations can trade with other microgrids

  12. Agricultural Trade and the U.S. Economy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Taylor, Timothy G.; Fairchild, Gary F.; Harris, Harold M.; Rosson, C. Parr

    1999-06-23

    trade disputes, cause interna- tional trade to be perceived as us versus them, where one country gains only if another country loses. In fact, international trade is not funda- mentally different from the inter-regional trade among states in the U...

  13. STOLPER-SAMUELSON REVISITED: TRADE AND DISTRIBUTION WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    of trade. In the original version of this theorem, free trade raises the real price of a country's abundantSTOLPER-SAMUELSON REVISITED: TRADE AND DISTRIBUTION WITH OLIGOPOLISTIC PROFITS Robert A. Blecker the distributional impact of international trade when goods markets are oligopolistic and firms partially pass

  14. Electric trade in the United States, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-12-01

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1996, the wholesale trade market totaled 2.3 trillion kilowatthours, over 73% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1996 (ELECTRA), is the sixth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1996. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. 1 fig., 43 tabs.

  15. Free Trade Agreements in the World Trade Organization: The Experience of East Asia and the Japan-Mexico Economic Partnership Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turinov, Anna

    2008-01-01

    at 4. 51. Id. at 4-5. FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS IN THE WTO miesFREE TRADE AGREEMENTS IN THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION: THEAsia's Arrival into Free Trade 3.2. Systemic

  16. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 9: Developing a Resource Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 9: Developing a Resource Strategy..................................................................................................................................... 1 Developing a Resource Strategy ......................................................................................................................... 7 Interpreting Portfolio Costs

  17. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix K: The Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix K: The Smart Grid Introduction..................................................................................................................................... 1 Components of the Smart Grid.............................................................................................................. 2 Benefits from the Smart grid

  18. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 12: Capacity and Flexibility Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..................................................................................................................................... 2 Power System Requirements: Capacity, Energy, and FlexibilitySixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 12: Capacity and Flexibility Resources................................................... 2 Capacity: Meeting Peak Demand

  19. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix C: Demand Forecast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix C: Demand Forecast Energy Demand .............................................................. 23 Electricity Demand Growth in the West............................................................................................................................... 28 Estimating Electricity Demand in Data Centers

  20. Seventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan 9-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Tables Figure 9 - 1: Pacific Northwest Electricity Power Supply ­ Installed Nameplate Capacity.................. 6 Figure 9 - 3: Generating Additions and Retirements (Installed Capacity.........................................................................................................................................20 Solar

  1. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction................................................................................................................................. 3 Price Forecasts ............................................................................................................................ 5 U.S. Natural Gas Commodity Prices

  2. Technical Qualification Program Self-Assessment Report- Pacific Northwest Site Office- 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This self-assessment evaluated how well the Technical Qualification and Federal Capability Programs were implemented at the Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO).

  3. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Battelle Memorial Institute- November 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Evaluation to determine whether Pacific Northwest National Laboratory site is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

  4. Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoversten, Shanna

    2008-08-07

    Carbon capture and storage (CCS) could become an instrumental part of a future carbon trading system in the US. If the US starts operating an emissions trading scheme (ETS) similar to that of the European Union's then limits on CO{sub 2} emissions will be conservative in the beginning stages. The government will most likely start by distributing most credits for free; these free credits are called allowances. The US may follow the model of the EU ETS, which during the first five-year phase distributed 95% of the credits for free, bringing that level down to 90% for the second five-year phase. As the number of free allowances declines, companies will be forced to purchase an increasing number of credits at government auction, or else obtain them from companies selling surplus credits. In addition to reducing the number of credits allocated for free, with each subsequent trading period the number of overall credits released into the market will decline in an effort to gradually reduce overall emissions. Companies may face financial difficulty as the value of credits continues to rise due to the reduction of the number of credits available in the market each trading period. Governments operating emissions trading systems face the challenge of achieving CO{sub 2} emissions targets without placing such a financial burden on their companies that the country's economy is markedly affected.

  5. 2010 Ecological Survey of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chamness, Michele A.; Perry, Christopher; Downs, Janelle L.; Powell, Sylvia D.

    2011-02-16

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) oversees and manages the DOE contract for the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a DOE Office of Science multi-program laboratory located in Richland, Washington. PNSO is responsible for ensuring that all activities conducted on the PNNL Site comply with applicable laws, policies, and DOE orders. The DOE Pacific Northwest Site Office Cultural and Biological Resources Management Plan (DOE/PNSO 2008) addresses the requirement for annual surveys and monitoring for species of concern and to identify and map invasive species. In addition to the requirement for an annual survey, proposed project activities must be reviewed to assess any potential environmental consequences of conducting the project. The assessment process requires a thorough understanding of the resources present, the potential impacts of a proposed action to those resources, and the ultimate consequences of those actions. The PNNL Site is situated on the southeastern corner of the DOE Hanford Site, located at the north end of the city of Richland in south-central Washington. The site is bordered on the east by the Columbia River, on the west by Stevens Drive, and on the north by the Hanford Site 300 Area (Figure 1). The environmental setting of the PNNL Site is described in Larson and Downs (2009). There are currently two facilities on the PNNL Site: the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), and the recently completed Physical Sciences Facility (PSF). This report describes the results of the annual survey of the biological resources found on the undeveloped portions of the PNNL Site in 2010. A brief description of the methods PNNL ecologists used to conduct the surveys and the results of the surveys are presented. Actions taken to fully delineate noxious weed populations discovered in 2009 and efforts in 2010 to control those weeds also are described. Appendix A provides a list of plant and animal species identified on the PNNL Site.

  6. Data Assimilation J. C. Doran Pacific Northwest Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding Low-Cost2 DOE HQSiteoC. Doran Pacific Northwest Laboratory

  7. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Institutional Plan FY 2000-2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearson, Erik W.

    2000-03-01

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Institutional Plan for FY 2000-2004 sets forth the laboratory's mission, roles, technical capabilities, and laboratory strategic plan. In the plan, major initiatives also are proposed and the transitioning initiatives are discussed. The Programmatic Strategy section details our strategic intent, roles, and research thrusts in each of the U.S. Department of Energy's mission areas. The Operations/Infrastructure Strategic Plan section includes information on the laboratory's human resources; environment, safety, and health management; safeguards and security; site and facilities management; information resources management; management practices and standards; and communications and trust.

  8. The Pricing of Electricity to Aluminum Smelters in the Northwest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, T. J.

    1986-01-01

    prompted Bonneville to search for Innovative pnClng schemes designed to maintain its revenue base Bonneville's proposed strategy Includes tYing the price of electricity it seilS to tne alumlr,u~ smelters to the world price of aluminum. This paper wili... examine Bonneville's proposed pnClng strategy; it will also examine other strategies to reduce uncertainty In the region's future electriC load. BACKGROUND For well over half a century, electrical power has been a cornerstone of the PaCific Northwest...

  9. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Institutional Plan FY 2001-2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, Darrell R.; Pearson, Erik W.

    2000-12-29

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Institutional Plan for FY 2001-2005 sets forth the laboratory's mission, roles, technical capabilities, and laboratory strategic plan. In the plan, major initiatives also are proposed and the transitioning initiatives are discussed. The Programmatic Strategy section details our strategic intent, roles, and research thrusts in each of the U.S. Department of Energy's mission areas. The Operations/Infrastructure Strategic Plan section includes information on the laboratory's human resources; environment, safety, and health management; safeguards and security; site and facilities management; information resources management; managaement procatices and standards; and communications and trust.

  10. Hualalai Northwest Rift Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNew Jersey:Hopkinsville,AdvancedHowellHualalai Northwest Rift

  11. Northwest Aitkin, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:sourceNortheastNOVEC)Northvale, NewNorthwest Aitkin,

  12. Northwest Harbor, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:sourceNortheastNOVEC)Northvale, NewNorthwestHarbor,

  13. SeaWest Northwest Asset Holdings LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA)OptionsEquivalentBScira OffshoreSeaEnergyNorthwest

  14. Northwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd|Northfork Electric Coop, Inc JumpNorthwest Rural Pub

  15. STATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that investments in energy efficiency, renewables, and high efficiency resources (such as combined heat and power: comments@nwcouncil.org) November 19, 2004 Mark Walker Director of Public Affairs Northwest Power on the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Draft 5th Power Plan The Washington State Department

  16. Energy futures: Trading opportunities for the 1990s

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Treat, J.E.

    1990-01-01

    This volume contains an edited collection of views from practitioners in the rapidly growing area of energy futures and options trading, a major element of risk management. Four chapters are devoted to Trading Theories and Strategies. This section is aimed at the specialist in energy, rather than finance. The complexities of options trading are described in another chapter. The remaining sections of this book present a variety of topics in this field including Natural Gas Trading and Futures, Energy Futures and Options Trading, and Accounting, Taxation and Internal Control. The book is a good introduction and reference to the mechanics and institutions of energy futures contracts and trading.

  17. EA-319-A Fortis Energy Marketing & Trading GP (BNP Paribas Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (BNP Paribas Energy Trading GP) to export electric energy to Canada EA-319-A Fortis Energy Marketing & Trading GP (BNP Paribas Energy Trading GP) More Documents & Publications...

  18. Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limpaitoon, Tanachai

    2012-01-01

    Market power in emissions trading: strategically manipu-of auctions for emissions trading. Retrieved from Climatepricing under carbon emissions trading: A dominant firm with

  19. Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    2008-01-01

    policy- the RECLAIM emission trading policy." Environ.Incentives Market: a new emissions trading program for Lospolitical feasibility of emissions trading programs. See,

  20. Emissions Trading and Air Toxics Emissions: RECLAIM and Toxics Regulation in the South Coast Air Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Nancy J.

    1993-01-01

    Emissions Trading and Air Toxics Emissions: RECLAIM anda mar- ket-based emissions trading program called theimpacts cre- ated by emissions trading programs that affect

  1. Strategic Behavior, Private Information, and Decentralization in the European Union Emissions Trading System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malueg, David A.; Yates, Andrew J.

    2009-01-01

    in the European Union emissions trading scheme. Rev EnvironDecentralization in the EU emissions trading scheme andthe European Union Emissions Trading System David A. Malueg

  2. Going Mobile: Emissions Trading Gets a Boost from Mobile Source Emission Reduction Credits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschein, Perry S.

    1995-01-01

    Going Mobile: Emissions Trading Gets a Boost From Mobilehave tested various emissions trading policies to supplementAn Analysis of EPA's Emissions Trading Program, 6 YALE J. ON

  3. Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limpaitoon, Tanachai

    2012-01-01

    The case of wholesale power trading in Germany Power andY. (2011). Market power in emissions trading: strategicallyto model market power in permit trading. The conjectural

  4. State Power and Trade-Environment Negotiations: Lessons from the EU, NAFTA and GATT/WTO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard

    1995-01-01

    several medium-sized powers, regional trading blocs are morestructure of power and interests in the world trading systemworld trading system, larger European powers have decided to

  5. The North American Free Trade Agreement: A Legal Analysis of Effects and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard

    1994-01-01

    Proposed North American Free Trade Agreement,' August 12,Proposed North American Free Trade Agreement," August 12,THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT: A LEGAL ANALYSIS OF

  6. International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-05-01

    The production of wood pellets has increased dramatically in recent years due in large part to aggressive emissions policy in the European Union; the main markets that currently supply the European market are North America and Russia. However, current market circumstances and trade dynamics could change depending on the development of emerging markets, foreign exchange rates, and the evolution of carbon policies. This fact sheet outlines the existing and potential participants in the wood pellets market, along with historical data on production, trade, and prices.

  7. Northwest Regional Technology Center, January 2014 Page 1 of 2 Around The Region In Homeland Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northwest Regional Technology Center, January 2014 Page 1 of 2 Around The Region In Homeland Security January 2014 The Northwest Regional Technology Center (NWRTC) is a virtual resource center resolutions to seek out growth opportunities both personally and professionally. Conveniently the Disaster

  8. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 5: October 8, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 5: October 8, 2014 Nikki Rothwell and Emily Pochubay, Extension Fruit Educators Wet conditions have slowed apple harvest are not cooperating with northwest Michigan apple growers as many apples are ripening quicker this week, but rain has

  9. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 6: October 15, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 6: October 15, 2014 Emily, which is slowing apple harvest in the north. Cool weather and rain continues across northwest Michigan at the NWMHRC, many growers dropped off samples for testing because apple varieties have been slow to mature

  10. , J. Geophys. Res., 103, 24469-24486 Stress Coupling Between Earthquakes in Northwest Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubert-Ferrari, Aurélia

    , J. Geophys. Res., 103, 24469-24486 Stress Coupling Between Earthquakes in Northwest Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey Aurélia Hubert and Geoffrey C. P. King Laboratoire de Tectonique et Mécanique de la stress interactions of 29 earthquakes (Ms 6.0) that have occurred in the region of northwest Turkey

  11. Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix F GENERATION COST AND PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F-1 Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix F APPENDIX F GENERATION WIND #12;F-2 Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix F GENERATION COST and Electric Power Plan, Appendix F ANALYTICALAPPROACH The analysis of alternative generating resources

  12. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 14: Regional Adequacy Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) to assess the adequacy of the North American bulk power supply. In 2005, the Council and the Bonneville Power Administration created the Northwest Resource Adequacy Forum to aid the Council in developingSixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 14: Regional Adequacy Standards

  13. Document 2006-17 September 19, 2006 Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Implementation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    boards of public utilities are all explicitly examining strategies for planning resources to meet loadDocument 2006-17 September 19, 2006 Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Implementation Plan Draft of the roles others will take in the Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Implementation Plan. It includes

  14. NORTHWEST ENERGY EFFICIENCY TASKFORCE REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DRAFT NORTHWEST ENERGY EFFICIENCY TASKFORCE REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Efficiency IV. Planning that Puts Energy Efficiency First V. The NEET Mission and Work Groups VI. Work Group. Introduction The push for energy efficiency in the Pacific Northwest is facing an unprecedented opportunity

  15. NEET Revised Draft Report 1 May 2009 NORTHWEST ENERGY EFFICIENCY TASKFORCE REPORT AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and transmission resources, combined with increasing climate-change concerns, it is clear that energy efficiency and most abundant new energy resource. But ironically, the Pacific Northwest's impressive energy efficiencyNEET Revised Draft Report 1 May 2009 NORTHWEST ENERGY EFFICIENCY TASKFORCE REPORT

  16. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Sixth Power Plan Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    development of energy efficiency could constitute a resource comparable in size to the Northwest federal: the most cost-effective and least risky resource for the region is improved efficiency of electricity use hydroelectric system. This efficiency resource will complement and protect the Northwest's heritage of clean

  17. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Sixth Power Plan Action Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    activities. CONSERVATION Energy efficiency is the first priority resource in the Northwest Power Act. The Council's analysis for the Sixth Power Plan strongly affirmed that energy efficiency improvements provide planning requirements, state and utility programs, and the Northwest Energy Efficiency Taskforce

  18. Tsunami Damage Detection at the Northwest Coast of Sumatra after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    1 Tsunami Damage Detection at the Northwest Coast of Sumatra after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami Mayagüez, Puerto Rico 00681 sully.lebron@upr.edu ABSTRACT. - The 2004 Indian Tsunami caused devastation of this research is to detect the effects of the tsunami in the northwest coast area of Sumatra, Indonesia. Landsat

  19. CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE ADOPTION OF AGRICULTURE IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE ADOPTION OF AGRICULTURE IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE Clive Bonsall Department. The reasons for the delay in the adoption of agriculture on the north-west fringe of Europe have been debated the timing of the expansion of farming into some upland areas of southern and mid-latitude Europe. Keywords

  20. Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix E AN ANALYSIS OF THE WESTERN POWER MARKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E-1 Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix E APPENDIX E AN ANALYSIS have been calibrated to current short- to intermediate-term supply #12;E-2 Draft Fourth Northwest

  1. FISH & WILDLIFE COSTS < 13TH ANNUAL REPORT TO THE NORTHWEST GOVERNORS < PAGE 1 2013 Columbia River Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISH & WILDLIFE COSTS Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Costs Report 13TH ANNUAL REPORT TO THE NORTHWEST GOVERNORS #12;PAGE 2 > 13TH ANNUAL REPORT TO THE NORTHWEST GOVERNORS > FISH & WILDLIFE COSTS 851 S.W. SIXTH AVENUE, SUITE

  2. Trade in waste among developed countries : evidence and origins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Andrew B.

    1994-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the determinants of the international trade in waste between developed countries. Data from the 1980s suggest that while the trade in waste between developed and less developed countries has ...

  3. International Environmental Agreements: Emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

    2012-01-01

    of emissions trade on IEA participation Ex ante heterogenousachieving ef?cient abatement. An IEA that combines trade inhelp in creating a successful IEA. It is reasonable to use

  4. International Environmental Agreements: Emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

    2012-01-01

    trade policy, and environmental policy in an attempt to help2 Trade policy and environmental policy 3 The ef?ciency ofInstitutute for Environmental Policy Solultions. S TAVINS ,

  5. Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance April 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance April 2014 Forest Products Trade between China. Whiletheglobaleconomicdownturnaffectedconsumptioninmanycountries,China'stradewithAfricaremained mostly unaffected. In particular, commodities, such as oil and gas

  6. Three empirical essays on trade and development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topalova, Petia

    2005-01-01

    This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on economic development and trade in India. Chapter 1 uses the sharp trade liberalization in India in the early 1990s, spurred to a large extent by external factors, ...

  7. The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

    2010-01-01

    prices. The reason: demand for biofuel increases, and ?rst-The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment GalThe Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment ? Gal

  8. Electric trade in the United States 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    This publication, Electric Trade in the US 1992 (ELECTRA), is the fourth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Electric Data Systems Branch, Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1992. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. Information on the physical transmission system are being included for the first time in this publication. Transmission data covering investor-owned electric utilities were shifted from the Financial Statistics of Selected Investor-Owned Electric Utilities to the ELECTRA publication. Some of the prominent features of this year`s report include information and data not published before on transmission lines for publicly owned utilities and transmission lines added during 1992 by investor-owned electric utilities.

  9. Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Indexes 20 Theoretical (Fair) Value 21 Basis 22 Cost of Carry = Basis Equity Index Futures Strategies 23e u r e x Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies e u r e x #12;Please Note The definitions of "basis" and "cost of carry" have been changed in this version of the brochure. In previous

  10. Adaptive systems for foreign exchange trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    - cal analysis. Technical analysis attempts to predict markets by identifying patterns in the price;FinancialMarkets Jones CM (2001 & 2002). Much of it has concen- trated on high frequency (intraday) trading exchange markets. Professor Michael Dempster and Graham Bates, both of the Centre for Financial Research

  11. Optimal Trading Strategy Supply/Demand Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    prices through the changes in their supply/demand.2 Thus, to study how market participants trade can have interesting implications on the observed behavior of intraday volume, volatility and prices: November 15, 2004. This Draft: April 8, 2006 Abstract The supply/demand of a security in the market

  12. Allowance trading: Market operations and regulatory response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W.; McDermott, K.A.

    1992-12-31

    The use of the SO{sub 2} allowance system as defined by Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments offers utilities greater compliance flexibility than EPA technology standards, State Implementation Plan (SEP) performance standards, or EPA bubble/offset strategies. Traditional methods at best offered the utility the ability to trade emissions between different units at a particular plant. The SO{sub 2} emissions trading system advocated under Title IV will allow a utility to trade emissions across its utility system, and/or trade emissions between utilities to take advantage of interfirm control cost differences. The use of transferable emission allowances offers utilities greater flexibility in the choice of how to control emissions: the choices include fuel switching, flue gas scrubbing, environmental dispatch, repowering, and even the choice not to control emissions [as long as the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements are met]. The added flexibility allows utilities to choose the least cost manner of compliance with Title IV requirements. It is hoped (intended) that pollution control cost-minimization by individual utilities will in turn reduce the cost of controlling SO{sub 2} for the electric utility industry in aggregate. In addition, through the use of NO{sub x} emission averaging, the utility would average NO{sub x} emissions from different point sources in order to comply with the prescribed emission standard.

  13. Allowance trading: Market operations and regulatory response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W.; McDermott, K.A.

    1992-01-01

    The use of the SO[sub 2] allowance system as defined by Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments offers utilities greater compliance flexibility than EPA technology standards, State Implementation Plan (SEP) performance standards, or EPA bubble/offset strategies. Traditional methods at best offered the utility the ability to trade emissions between different units at a particular plant. The SO[sub 2] emissions trading system advocated under Title IV will allow a utility to trade emissions across its utility system, and/or trade emissions between utilities to take advantage of interfirm control cost differences. The use of transferable emission allowances offers utilities greater flexibility in the choice of how to control emissions: the choices include fuel switching, flue gas scrubbing, environmental dispatch, repowering, and even the choice not to control emissions [as long as the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements are met]. The added flexibility allows utilities to choose the least cost manner of compliance with Title IV requirements. It is hoped (intended) that pollution control cost-minimization by individual utilities will in turn reduce the cost of controlling SO[sub 2] for the electric utility industry in aggregate. In addition, through the use of NO[sub x] emission averaging, the utility would average NO[sub x] emissions from different point sources in order to comply with the prescribed emission standard.

  14. Designing Adaptive Trading Agents DAVID PARDOE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    should make use of this experience. Within the context of a specific market scenario, the answer depends to the first three questions depend on the particular market scenario being considered, and our work spansDesigning Adaptive Trading Agents DAVID PARDOE Yahoo! Labs and PETER STONE The University of Texas

  15. The 2001 Trading Agent Competition Michael P. Wellman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellman, Michael P.

    to cooperate, by addressing their design energy to a common problem. The Trading Agent Competition (TACThe 2001 Trading Agent Competition Michael P. WellmanÂŁ University of Michigan wellman@umich.edu Amy@research.att.com Peter R. Wurman North Carolina State University wurman@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract The 2001 Trading Agent

  16. Emissions Trading: What Makes It Work? Julien Chevallier1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Emissions Trading: What Makes It Work? Julien Chevallier1 04 July 2009 Abstract: At the stage permits markets. Keywords: climate change policy; emissions trading; banking borrowing; initial allocation-4Jul2009 #12;2 Review of current climate policies The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS

  17. Research Summary The EU Emissions Trading System: Opportunities for Forests?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Summary The EU Emissions Trading System: Opportunities for Forests? European forestry has sequestration provided by European forests has not been recognised by markets. The EU Emissions Trading System as part of a wider review covering emerging carbon markets. Background The EU Emissions Trading Scheme

  18. Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Leigh Raymond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Programs?* Leigh Raymond be inferred. #12;Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Programs? Abstract Early emissions trading programs have obtained a very high rate of compliance, in part by using continuous

  19. Trading Functionality for Power within Applications Melanie Kambadur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trading Functionality for Power within Applications Melanie Kambadur Columbia University melanie down a program, so they must err on the side of caution when trading performance for power. Compounding application to trade performance for power, it may not be for another, preventing the sys- tem from taking

  20. Trading Agents Competing: Performance, Progress, and Market Effectiveness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellman, Michael P.

    programmed trading techniques in a challenging market scenario in competition with other design groups. AfterTrading Agents Competing: Performance, Progress, and Market EffectivenessŁ Michael P. Wellman, Shih Since the year 2000, the annual trading agent competition has provided a forum for designers to evaluate

  1. Trend Following Algorithms for Technical Trading in Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Si, Yain Whar "Lawrence"

    to the design of technical trading systems. It implies that the fluctuation of market trend should be monitoredTrend Following Algorithms for Technical Trading in Stock Market Simon Fong, Jackie Tai, Yain Whar-- Trend following (TF) is a rule-based trading mechanism that taps on the movements of long-term market

  2. International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du and Sergey Paltsev Report No. 271;1 International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du* and Sergey Paltsev* Abstract The introduction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an option for international trade has created a market for natural gas where

  3. Trade Diversion from Tomato Suspension Agreements Kathy Baylis*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    the effect of the VPR on trade in fresh tomatoes among the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTATrade Diversion from Tomato Suspension Agreements Kathy Baylis* Assistant Professor, Agriculture-3310 Abstract: Trade barriers can cause output to be diverted to other countries and into other products. We

  4. Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Al Gore went on prime-time television to debate Ross Perot, a foe of free trade, in a clash Mr. Gore is widely believed to have won. The debate helped propel supporters of the North American Free Trade isn't going away whether Cafta gets approved or not. Free-trade Democrats should be using

  5. ORIGINAL PAPER Environmental aspects in free trade agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Environmental aspects in free trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region Astrid been made. Since the 1990s, environmental issues have been addressed by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and in recent times by trans-regional and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs

  6. An Interactive Computer Model of Two-Country Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamlen, Kevin W.

    country when free trade is made available. One of the most important learning lessons for the students91 An Interactive Computer Model of Two-Country Trade Bill Hamlen and Kevin Hamlen Abstract We introduce an interactive computer model of two-country trade that allows students to investigate

  7. Establishment Heterogeneity, Exporter Dynamics, and the Effects of Trade Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    to free trade equivalent to 1.03 percent of steady state consumption. Con- sidering the transitionEstablishment Heterogeneity, Exporter Dynamics, and the Effects of Trade Liberalization George the effect of reducing tariffs on welfare, trade, and export participation. We find sizeable gains to moving

  8. 2011 Annual Ecological Survey: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Becker, James M.; Chamness, Michele A.

    2012-02-27

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) oversees and manages the DOE contract for the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a DOE Office of Science multi-program laboratory located in Richland, Washington. PNSO is responsible for ensuring that all activities conducted on the PNNL site comply with applicable laws, policies, and DOE Orders. The DOE Pacific Northwest Site Office Cultural and Biological Resources Management Plan (DOE/PNSO 2008) addresses the requirement for annual surveys and monitoring for species of concern and to identify and map invasive species. In addition to the requirement for an annual survey, proposed project activities must be reviewed to assess any potential environmental consequences of conducting the project. The assessment process requires a thorough understanding of the resources present, the potential impacts of a proposed action to those resources, and the ultimate consequences of those actions. The PNNL site is situated on the southeastern corner of the DOE Hanford Site, located at the north end of the city of Richland in south-central Washington. The site is bordered on the east by the Columbia River, on the west by Stevens Drive, and on the north by the Hanford Site 300 Area (Figure 1). The environmental setting of the PNNL site is described in Larson and Downs (2009). There are currently two facilities on the PNNL site: the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory and the Physical Sciences Facility. This report describes the annual survey of biological resources found on the undeveloped upland portions of the PNNL site. The annual survey is comprised of a series of individual field surveys conducted on various days in late May and throughout June 2011. A brief description of the methods PNNL ecologists used to conduct the baseline surveys and a summary of the results of the surveys are presented. Appendix A provides a list of plant and animal species identified in the upland areas of the PNNL site in 2011. Efforts in 2011 to control noxious weed populations (comprising plant species designated as Class B noxious weeds by the Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board) discovered in 2009 and initially treated with herbicides in 2010 are described in Appendix B.

  9. Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work A Platform for Trading Agent Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Dongmo

    Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work of Western Sydney Australia #12;Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work Outline 1 Trading Agent Competition 2 Market Design Game 3 Strategic Trader Game 4 Conclusion

  10. Atmospheric radionuclide concentrations measured by Pacific Northwest Laboratory since 1961

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, J.A.; Thomas, C.W.

    1981-03-01

    The atmospheric concentrations of a wide spectrum of radionuclides produced by nuclear weapons, nuclear reactors, cosmic rays, radon and thoron decay and the SNAP-9A burn-up ([sup 238]Pu) have been measured at Richland, Washington, since 1961; at Barrow, Alaska, since 1964; and at other stations for shorter periods of time. There has been considerable concern over the health hazard presented by these radionuclides, but it has also been recognized that atmospheric mixing and deposition rates can be determined from their measurement. Therefore, Pacific Northwest Laboratory began the continuous measurement of the atmospheric concentrations of a wide spectrum of radionuclides produced by nuclear weapons, nuclear reactors, cosmic rays, and radon and thoron decay. This report will discuss the concentrations of the longer-lived radionuclides (T 1/2 > 12 days). The concentrations of shorter-lived radionuclides measured following Chinese nuclear tests since 1972 are discussed in another report.

  11. Atmospheric radionuclide concentrations measured by Pacific Northwest Laboratory since 1961

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, J.A.; Thomas, C.W.

    1981-03-01

    The atmospheric concentrations of a wide spectrum of radionuclides produced by nuclear weapons, nuclear reactors, cosmic rays, radon and thoron decay and the SNAP-9A burn-up ({sup 238}Pu) have been measured at Richland, Washington, since 1961; at Barrow, Alaska, since 1964; and at other stations for shorter periods of time. There has been considerable concern over the health hazard presented by these radionuclides, but it has also been recognized that atmospheric mixing and deposition rates can be determined from their measurement. Therefore, Pacific Northwest Laboratory began the continuous measurement of the atmospheric concentrations of a wide spectrum of radionuclides produced by nuclear weapons, nuclear reactors, cosmic rays, and radon and thoron decay. This report will discuss the concentrations of the longer-lived radionuclides (T 1/2 > 12 days). The concentrations of shorter-lived radionuclides measured following Chinese nuclear tests since 1972 are discussed in another report.

  12. Caldwell Ranch Exploration and Confirmation Project, Northwest Geysers, CA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, Mark A.

    2013-04-25

    The purpose of the Caldwell Ranch Exploration and Confirmation Project was to drill, test, and confirm the present economic viability of the undeveloped geothermal reservoir in the 870 acre Caldwell Ranch area of the Northwest Geysers that included the CCPA No.1 steam field. All of the drilling, logging, and sampling challenges were met. ? Three abandoned wells, Prati 5, Prati 14 and Prati 38 were re-opened and recompleted to nominal depths of 10,000 feet in 2010. Two of the wells required sidetracking. ? The flow tests indicated Prati 5 Sidetrack 1 (P-5 St1), Prati 14 (P-14) and Prati 38 Sidetrack 2 (P-38 St2) were collectively capable of initially producing an equivalent of 12 megawatts (MWe) of steam using a conversion rate of 19,000 pounds of steam/hour

  13. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory institutional plan FY 1998--2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory`s core mission is to deliver environmental science and technology in the service of the nation and humanity. Through basic research the lab creates fundamental knowledge of natural, engineered, and social systems that is the basis for both effective environmental technology and sound public policy. They solve legacy environmental problems by delivering technologies that remedy existing environmental hazards, they address today`s environmental needs with technologies that prevent pollution and minimize waste, and they are laying the technical foundation for tomorrow`s inherently clean energy and industrial processes. The lab also applies their capabilities to meet selected national security, energy, and human health needs; strengthen the US economy; and support the education of future scientists and engineers. The paper summarizes individual research activities under each of these areas.

  14. Recent ooids from Mesopotamian shallow shelf, northwest Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aqrawi, A.A.M.; Sadooni, F.N.

    1987-05-01

    Petrographic and mineralogical analyses of available oolitic samples from Khor Abdulla and Khor Al-Umaya, Mesopotamian shallow shelf of the northwest Arabian Gulf, showed that the ooids exhibit extensive variations in their forms according to their nuclei shapes. The ooids cortices are usually of radial structure and are formed mainly of high magnesium calcite. The sediment distribution of the studied area revealed the existence of an oolitic zone extending NW-SE from east of Bubiyan Island toward the open sea. It is believed that these ooids are usually formed in sheltered environments by direct precipitation of high magnesium-calcite around any available nuclei. Then they are concentrated by agitation on small shoal-margins located to the east of Bubiyan Island. At these shoals they attained their final shapes and then dispersed through the studied area. It is thought that these ooids represent a peculiar example of ooid formation in quiet shallow-water environments.

  15. PACIFIC NORTHWEST REGIONAL COLLABORATORY ANNUAL REPORT FOR SYNERGY VII (2007)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tagestad, Jerry D.; Bolte, John; Guzy, Michael; Woodruff, Dana L.; Humes, Karen; Walden, Von; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Glenn, Nancy; Ames, Dan; Rope, Ronald; Martin, David; Sandgathe, Scott

    2008-04-01

    During this final year of the Pacific Northwest Regional Collaboratory we focused significantly on continuing the relationship between technical teams and government end-users. The main theme of the year was integration. This took the form of data integration via our web portal and integration of our technologies with the end users. The PNWRC's technical portfolio is based on EOS strategies, and focuses on 'applications of national priority: water management, invasive species, coastal management and ecological forecasting.' The products of our technical approaches have been well received by the community of focused end-users. The objective this year was to broaden that community and develop external support to continue and operationalize product development.

  16. Taxes and Trading versus Intensity Standards: Second-Best Environmental Policies with Incomplete Regulation (Leakage) or Market Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P.

    2009-01-01

    2007) compares taxes and emissions trading in concentratedtaxes (equivalently emissions trading) may not be the best

  17. Assessment of Allowance Mechanismin China's Carbon Trading Pilots

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xiong, Ling; Shen, Bo; Qi, Shaozhou; Price, Lynn

    2015-08-01

    The allowance mechanism is one of the core and sensitive aspects in design of a carbon trading scheme and affects the compliance cost for each company covered under the scheme. By examining China's allowance mechanism from two aspects including allowance allocation and allowance distribution, this paper compares China's carbon trading pilots with the EU Emissions Trading System and California Cap-and-Trade Program, and through the comparison identify issues that affect the efficiency of the pilots. The paper also recommends course of actions to strengthen China's existing pilots and build valuable experiences for the establishment of the national cap-and-trade system in China.

  18. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program High-Performance Test Homes - Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-01

    This project represents the third phase of a multi-year effort to develop and bring to market a High Performance Manufactured Home (HPMH). In this project, the Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program worked with Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction and Bonneville Power Administration to help four factory homebuilders build prototype zero energy ready manufactured homes, resulting in what is expected to be a 30% savings relative to the Building America Benchmark. (The actual % savings varies depending on choice of heating equipment and climate zone). Previous phases of this project created a HPMH specification and prototyped individual measures from the package to obtain engineering approvals and develop preliminary factory construction processes. This case study describes the project team's work during 2014 to build prototype homes to the HPMH specifications and to monitor the homes for energy performance and durability. Monitoring is expected to continue into 2016.

  19. Emissions trading - time to get serious

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitelli, A.

    2007-11-15

    The Kyoto Protocol's five year compliance period begins in 2008. Industrialized nations around the world have pledged to cut carbon emissions, but the job seems to get harder, not easier, as 2008 approaches. Can market mechanisms make the crucial difference? The article discloses recent initiatives and developments worldwide. It concludes that it is clear that the market is maintaining its central role in fighting climate change and that bringing emissions trading to developing countries and to the US can only reinforce that role.

  20. Effluent Trading: A Policy Review for Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossett, Mark A.; Kaiser, Ronald; Matlock, Marty D.; Vedlitz, Arnold; Woodward, Richard T.

    1999-11-05

    Quality; Malcolm Green, Greenville Utilities Commission; Elise Bacon, Hagler Bailly; Norman Senjem, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency; Todd Chenoweth, Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC); and Clyde Bohmfalk, Texas Natural Resource..., they have two major weaknesses that are driving the consideration of market- based trading. First, the use of a technology- based approach is known to be a relatively expensive way of achieving pollution reduction goals. Second, the emphasis of regulation...

  1. Northwest Power and Conservation Council Protected Areas Designations, Fish and Wildlife Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of capacity from this study that falls into the protected areas designations, the Northwest Hydroelectric run-of-the-river hydroelectric projects may not be able to be developed within a protected areas

  2. Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix H DESCRIPTION OF RESOURCE ANALYSIS MODEL -ISAAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .................................................................................................................................................16 SYSTEM OPERATION AND PRODUCTION COSTING TO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST HYDROPOWER SYSTEM'S EXTENDED HOURLY PEAKING CAPABILITY USING LINEAR PROGRAMMING #12;H-2 uses for analysis of resource cost- effectiveness and the quantitative treatment of uncertainty. ISAAC

  3. Evolution of depositional and slope instability processes on Bryant Canyon area, Northwest Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tripsanas, Efthymios

    2005-02-17

    Bryant and Eastern Canyon systems are located on the northwest Gulf of Mexico, and they are characterized by a very complex sedimentological history related to glacioeustatic cycles, river discharges, and interactions of depositional and halokinetic...

  4. Seventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan K-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan K-1 APPENDIX K ....................................................................................5 Reserve Assignment and Hydro Generation Dispatch................................................................6 Thermal Resource Reserve Assignment and Non-Hydro Generation Dispatch.......................... 7

  5. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 5: Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 5: Demand Response Summary of Key.............................................................................................................. 1 Demand Response in the Fifth Power Plan........................................................................................... 3 Demand Response in the Sixth Power Plan

  6. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix H: Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix H: Demand Response Introduction consumers' levels of service unchanged, demand response is a change in use of electricity at particular..................................................................................................................................... 1 Demand Response in the Council's Fifth Power Plan

  7. Alkenone-based evidence of Holocene slopewater cooling in the northwest Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kneeland, Jessie M. (Jessie Mary)

    2006-01-01

    Alkenone-based estimates of sea surface temperature (SST) in the northwest Atlantic during the last 10,000 years are presented and used to assess scenarios for Holocene climate variability. Alkenone concentration and ...

  8. NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floss, Christine

    NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Africa 176 iron me- teorite with silicate inclusions was found at the border of Morocco and Algeria

  9. Waste status and transaction record summary for the northwest quadrant of the Hanford 200 Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnew, S.F.; Corbin, R.A.; Duran, T.B.; Jurgensen, K.A.; Ortiz, T.P.; Young, B.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1995-09-01

    This supporting document contains a database of waste transactions and waste status reports for all the waste tanks in the northwest quadrant of the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site.

  10. Seventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan I-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ...........................................31 Impacts of Operating a Natural Gas Power Plant.....................................................74 Clean Power PlanSeventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan I-1 APPENDIX I

  11. Linear depressions and collapse features in the Northwest Hueco Basin, West Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Scott D

    1997-01-01

    The Northwest Hueco Basin, located in the Northern Chihuahuan Desert, is a fault bounded basin filled predominantly with Plio-Pleistocene unconsolidated sediments. The basin contains long linear depressions that dominate the surface topography...

  12. Northwest Open Automated Demand Response Technology Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Dudley, Junqiao

    2010-03-17

    The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) demonstrated and evaluated open automated demand response (OpenADR) communication infrastructure to reduce winter morning and summer afternoon peak electricity demand in commercial buildings the Seattle area. LBNL performed this demonstration for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) in the Seattle City Light (SCL) service territory at five sites: Seattle Municipal Tower, Seattle University, McKinstry, and two Target stores. This report describes the process and results of the demonstration. OpenADR is an information exchange model that uses a client-server architecture to automate demand-response (DR) programs. These field tests evaluated the feasibility of deploying fully automated DR during both winter and summer peak periods. DR savings were evaluated for several building systems and control strategies. This project studied DR during hot summer afternoons and cold winter mornings, both periods when electricity demand is typically high. This is the DRRC project team's first experience using automation for year-round DR resources and evaluating the flexibility of commercial buildings end-use loads to participate in DR in dual-peaking climates. The lessons learned contribute to understanding end-use loads that are suitable for dispatch at different times of the year. The project was funded by BPA and SCL. BPA is a U.S. Department of Energy agency headquartered in Portland, Oregon and serving the Pacific Northwest. BPA operates an electricity transmission system and markets wholesale electrical power at cost from federal dams, one non-federal nuclear plant, and other non-federal hydroelectric and wind energy generation facilities. Created by the citizens of Seattle in 1902, SCL is the second-largest municipal utility in America. SCL purchases approximately 40% of its electricity and the majority of its transmission from BPA through a preference contract. SCL also provides ancillary services within its own balancing authority. The relationship between BPA and SCL creates a unique opportunity to create DR programs that address both BPA's and SCL's markets simultaneously. Although simultaneously addressing both market could significantly increase the value of DR programs for BPA, SCL, and the end user, establishing program parameters that maximize this value is challenging because of complex contractual arrangements and the absence of a central Independent System Operator or Regional Transmission Organization in the northwest.

  13. Review of Conservation Costs and Benefits: Five Years of Experience under the Northwest Power Act 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheets, E.

    1988-01-01

    dramatically. Between 1981 and 1983, it became apparent that the near future would not be characterized INTRODUCTION by electricity deficits, but rather by an expensive surplus of uncertain duration. The regional power act also directed the Council... of the aluminum production capacity in the Northwest shut what was to become the Pacilic Northwest Electric Power down, temporarily exacerbating power surpluses. Other Planning and Conservation Act, the region's utility industry traditionaliy reliable, large...

  14. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Annual Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duncan, Joanne P.; Sackschewsky, Michael R.; Tilden, Harold T.; Barnett, J. M.; Su-Coker, Jennifer; Ballinger, Marcel Y.; Fritz, Brad G.; Stoetzel, Gregory A.; Lowry, Kami L.; Moon, Thomas W.; Becker, James M.; Mendez, Keith M.; Raney, Elizabeth A.; Chamness, Michele A.; Larson, Kyle B.

    2014-09-30

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), one of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science’s 10 national laboratories, provides innovative science and technology development in the areas of energy and the environment, fundamental and computational science, and national security. DOE’s Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) is responsible for oversight of PNNL at its Campus in Richland, Washington, as well as its facilities in Sequim, Seattle, and North Bonneville, Washington, and Corvallis and Portland, Oregon.

  15. Timing of structural growth at Northwest Stevens field as evidenced by Stevens channel geometries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berkman, T.A. (ARCO Oil and Gas Co., Bakersfield, CA (United States))

    1991-02-01

    Stacked upper Miocene Stevens sandstone bodies at Northwest Stevens (Tule Elk) are the product of two coalescing turbidite channels which reflect the influence of growing structure during deposition. One channel can be traced from the south through ARCO's 555 zone unit, the 26R and 2B pools at Elk Hills, and into Northwest Stevens. The 800-ft-thick T' turbidite sands from this channel form offlapping geometries and structural/stratigraphic traps due to deposition across the rising northwest-plunging nose of the Northwest Stevens anticline. They are medium- to coarse-grained with abundant mudstone interbeds and are interpreted to represent a depositional channel fill which grades laterally to less permeable finer grained overbank deposits along the east side of Northwest Stevens. The second coeval channel can be traced from McKittrick through Asphalto and the 24Z pool at Elk Hills into Northwest Stevens, where it forms a 1,700-ft-thick sequence of 80 to 500-ft-thick sand packages at the 7R pool. Sand-shale ratios in these pebbly sandstones are nearly 9 to 1 with abundant conglomeratic interbeds. These channel sands display blocky electric log signatures, have lenticular geometries at the top of the sequence and offlapping geometries at the base, and document deposition in a structural low adjacent to the rising Northwest Stevens structure. The upper Miocene correlation point (UMPC) is sanded out at the 7R pool, indicating that turbidite sand deposition there persisted into lower Reef Ridge time. Well correlations indicate only minor erosive deposition and amalgamation; thus, the sand bodies at Northwest Stevens are additive to the section.

  16. 1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, Technical Appendix: Volume 2, Book 1, Energy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1993-12-01

    The 1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study establishes the Bonneville Power Administration`s (BPA) planning basis for supplying electricity to BPA customers. The Loads and Resources Study is presented in three documents: (1) this technical appendix detailing loads and resources for each major Pacific and Northwest generating utility, (2) a summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources, and (3) a technical appendix detailing forecasted Pacific Northwest economic trends and loads. This analysis updates the 1992 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study Technical Appendix published in December 1992. This technical appendix provides utility-specific information that BPA uses in its long-range planning. It incorporates the following for each utility (1) Electrical demand firm loads; (2) Generating resources; and (3) Contracts both inside and outside the region. This document should be used in combination with the 1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, published in December 1993, because much of the information in that document is not duplicated here.

  17. On-Demand Based Wireless Resources Trading for Green Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Wenchi; Zhang, Hailin; Wang, Qiang

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of Green Communications is to reduce the energy consumption of the communication system as much as possible without compromising the quality of service (QoS) for users. An effective approach for Green Wireless Communications is On-Demand strategy, which scales power consumption with the volume and location of user demand. Applying the On-Demand Communications model, we propose a novel scheme -- Wireless Resource Trading, which characterizes the trading relationship among different wireless resources for a given number of performance metrics. According to wireless resource trading relationship, different wireless resources can be consumed for the same set of performance metrics. Therefore, to minimize the energy consumption for given performance metrics, we can trade the other type of wireless resources for the energy resource under the demanded performance metrics. Based on the wireless resource trading relationship, we derive the optimal energy-bandwidth and energy-time wireless resource trading ...

  18. Potential environmental effects of energy conservation measures in northwest industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baechler, M C; Gygi, K F; Hendrickson, P L

    1992-01-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) has identified 101 plants in the Pacific Northwest that account for 80% of the region's industrial electricity consumption. These plants offer a precise target for a conservation program. PNL determined that most of these 101 plants were represented by 11 major industries. We then reviewed 36 major conservation technologies used in these 11 industrial settings to determine their potential environmental impacts. Energy efficiency technologies designed for industrial use may result in direct or indirect environmental impacts. Effects may result from the production of the conservation measure technology, changes in the working environment due to different energy and material requirements, or changes to waste streams. Industry type, work-place conditions, worker training, and environmental conditions inside and outside the plant are all key variables that may affect environmental outcomes. To address these issues this report has three objectives: Describe potential conservation measures that Bonneville may employ in industrial programs and discuss potential primary impacts. Characterize industrial systems and processes where the measure may be employed and describe general environmental issues associated with each industry type. Review environmental permitting, licensing, and other regulatory actions required for industries and summarize the type of information available from these sources for further analysis.

  19. Agriculture, Free Trade, and Global Development: Some Personal Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Head, John W.

    2005-01-01

    Agriculture, Free Trade, and Global Development: Some Personal Observations John W. Head* I am very pleased to have been invited to offer some luncheon remarks for the Law School's Symposium on Agriculture, Free Trade, and Global Development. My..., or at least a light break from the weighty papers being presented at the symposium, if I were to offer some of my own personal observations about the three subject areas that combine to give this symposium its title: agriculture, free trade, and global...

  20. Carbon Trade Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Trade Ltd Place:

  1. Solar Trade Corporation STC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbH JumpSloughInfra Inc JumpSentryTorx New SolarTrade

  2. World Trade Organization | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) Jump to: navigation, searchWorld Fuel CellResourcesTrade

  3. Category:Trade Groups | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,Thermal Gradient Holes Jump to: navigation, searchTrade Groups

  4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmenta...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental Goods Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of...

  5. The New Mexico Building and Construction Trades Council and Los...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sign labor agreements September 21, 2012 Unions, LANL sign labor agreements The New Mexico Building and Construction Trades Council and Los Alamos National Security LLC, have...

  6. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Biofuel production technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , prospects and implications for trade and development New York and Geneva, 2008 #12;ii Notes The designations ...................................... 17 4.2 Net energy balances

  7. Effect of market structure on international coal trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolstad, C.D.; Abbey, D.S.

    1982-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the determinants of international steam-coal trade. Most work in projecting coal trade has been either qualitative (a consensus of experts) or, if quantitative, has been based on competitive spatial-equilibrium models. Unfortunately, the competitive model of trade does not appear to account for observed and anticipated trade flows. This is consistent with findings in the commodity trade literature that, although markets may behave in a rational economic fashion, market concentration among producers, traders, and consumers leads to trade patterns significantly different than those associated with competitive markets. The purpose of this paper is to explore the significance and effect on patterns of steam-coal trade of several deviations from the simple competitive model. In addition to perfect competition, we examine monopoly (South Africa) and duopoly (South Africa, Australia) with a competitive fringe (US, Canada, Poland, China and Columbia). Using a simple equilibrium model of coal trade, we examine these market structures and evaluate the extent to which they can explain existing and anticipated trade patterns.

  8. The potential for effluent trading in the energy industries.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J. A.; Environmental Assessment

    1998-01-01

    In January 1996, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a policy statement endorsing wastewater effluent trading in watersheds, hoping to promote additional interest in the subject. The policy describes five types of effluent trades: point source/point source, point source/nonpoint source, pretreatment, intraplant and nonpoint source/nonpoint source. This paper evaluates the feasibility of implementing these types of effluent trading for facilities in the oil and gas, electric power and coal industries. This paper finds that the potential for effluent trading in these industries is limited because trades would generally need to involve toxic pollutants, which can only be traded under a narrow range of circumstances. However, good potential exists for other types of water-related trades that do not directly involve effluents (e.g. wetlands mitigation banking and voluntary environmental projects). The potential for effluent trading in the energy industries and in other sectors would be enhanced if Congress amended the Clean Water Act (CWA) to formally authorize such trading.

  9. Engaging Efficiency First Chapters and Other Trade Associations...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Residential Workforce Business Partners Peer Exchange Call Series: Engaging Efficiency First Chapters and Other Trade Associations in Energy Efficiency Programs, Call Slides and...

  10. Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading **Subscription Required** Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Utility Energy Efficiency...

  11. Networks of Military Alliances, Wars, and International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Matthew O

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the role of networks of alliances in preventing (multilateral) interstate wars. We first show that, in the absence of international trade, no network of alliances is peaceful and stable. We then show that international trade induces peaceful and stable networks: trade increases the density of alliances so that countries are less vulnerable to attack and also reduces countries' incentives to attack an ally. We present historical data on wars and trade, noting that the dramatic drop in interstate wars since 1950, and accompanying densification and stabilization of alliances, are consistent with the model but not other prominent theories.

  12. European Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading: A System in Transition*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    European Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading: A System in Transition* John M. Reilly and Sergey, and environmental effects. In turn, the greenhouse gas and atmospheric aerosol assumptions underlying climate

  13. International Trade in Used Vehicles: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Lucas

    2009-01-01

    trade  leads  average  vehicle  emissions  to  decrease  in country.  How average  vehicle emissions change in both vehicles  and  vehicle  emissions.   Our  dataset  allows 

  14. The feasibility of effluent trading in the energy industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J.A.

    1997-05-01

    In January 1996, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a policy statement endorsing effluent trading in watersheds, hoping to spur additional interest in the subject. The policy describes five types of effluent trades - point source/point source, point source/nonpoint source, pretreatment, intraplant, and nonpoint source/nonpoint source. This report evaluates the feasibility of effluent trading for facilities in the oil and gas industry (exploration and production, refining, and distribution and marketing segments), electric power industry, and the coal industry (mines and preparation plants). Nonpoint source/nonpoint source trades are not considered since the energy industry facilities evaluated here are all point sources. EPA has administered emission trading programs in its air quality program for many years. Programs for offsets, bubbles, banking, and netting are supported by federal regulations, and the 1990 Clean Air Act (CAA) amendments provide a statutory basis for trading programs to control ozone and acid rain. Different programs have had varying degrees of success, but few have come close to meeting their expectations. Few trading programs have been established under the Clean Water Act (CWA). One intraplant trading program was established by EPA in its effluent limitation guidelines (ELGs) for the iron and steel industry. The other existing effluent trading programs were established by state or local governments and have had minimal success.

  15. Sumas and North Matsqui Watersheds -1997 Farm Practices Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a scoring system called and Environmental Sustainability Parameter (ESP). A follow up survey was conducted was 30,500. Eighty two percent of farms reported shipping some or all of their manure off the farm. Fifty

  16. Sumas, WA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome Page Welcome to(EIA)

  17. Cross Border Trading and Borrowing in the EU ETS A. Denny Ellerman* and Raphael Trotignon**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    multi- national trading system, the European Union's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) provides** This paper exploits a little used data resource within the central registry of the European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to analyze cross border trading and inter-year borrowing during the first trading

  18. Trading permanent and temporary carbon emissions credits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marland, Gregg; Marland, Eric

    2009-08-01

    In this issue of Climatic Change, Van Kooten (2009) addresses an issue that has bedeviled negotiators since the drafting stage of the Kyoto Protocol. If we accept that increasing withdrawals of carbon dioxide from the atmpshere has the same net impact on the climate system as reducing emissions of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, how do we design a system that allows trading of one for the other? As van Kooten expresses the challenge: 'The problem is that emissions reduction and carbon sequestration, while opposite sides of the same coin in some sense, are not directly comparable, thereby inhibiting their trade in carbon markets.' He explains: 'The difficulty centers on the length of time that mitigation strategies without CO{sub 2} from entering the atmosphere - the duration problem.' While reducing emissions of CO{sub 2} represents an essentially permanent benefit for the atmosphere, capturing CO{sub 2} that has been produced (whether capture is from the atmosphere or directly from, for example, the exhaust from power plants) there is the challenge of storing the carbon adn the risk that it will yet escape to the atmosphere. Permanent benefit to the atmosphere is often not assured for carbon sequestration activities. This is especially true if the carbon is taken up and stored in the biosphere - e.g. in forest trees or agricultural soils.

  19. Nuclear thermal propulsion engine cost trade studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paschall, R.K. (Rocketdyne Division, Rockwell International Corporation, Mail Stop IB57, 6633 Canoga Avenue, P.O. Box 7922, Canoga Park, California 91309-7922 (United States))

    1993-01-10

    The NASA transportation strategy for the Mars Exploration architecture includes the use of nuclear thermal propulsion as the primary propulsion system for Mars transits. It is anticipated that the outgrowth of the NERVA/ROVER programs will be a nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) system capable of providing the propulsion for missions to Mars. The specific impulse (Isp) for such a system is expected to be in the 870 s range. Trade studies were conducted to investigate whether or not it may be cost effective to invest in a higher performance (Isp[gt]870 s) engine for nuclear thermal propulsion for missions to Mars. The basic cost trades revolved around the amount of mass that must be transported to low-earth orbit prior to each Mars flight and the cost to launch that mass. The mass required depended on the assumptions made for Mars missions scenarios including piloted/cargo flights, number of Mars missions, and transit time to Mars. Cost parameters included launch cost, program schedule for development and operations, and net discount rate. The results were very dependent on the assumptions that were made. Under some assumptions, higher performance engines showed cost savings in the billions of dollars; under other assumptions, the additional cost to develop higher performance engines was not justified.

  20. Multi-Megawatt Power System Trade Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Longhurst, Glen Reed; Schnitzler, Bruce Gordon; Parks, Benjamin Travis

    2001-11-01

    As part of a larger task, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) was tasked to perform a trade study comparing liquid-metal cooled reactors having Rankine power conversion systems with gas-cooled reactors having Brayton power conversion systems. This report summarizes the approach, the methodology, and the results of that trade study. Findings suggest that either approach has the possibility to approach the target specific mass of 3-5 kg/kWe for the power system, though it appears either will require improvements to achieve that. Higher reactor temperatures have the most potential for reducing the specific mass of gas-cooled reactors but do not necessarily have a similar effect for liquid-cooled Rankine systems. Fuels development will be the key to higher reactor operating temperatures. Higher temperature turbines will be important for Brayton systems. Both replacing lithium coolant in the primary circuit with gallium and replacing potassium with sodium in the power loop for liquid systems increase system specific mass. Changing the feed pump turbine to an electric motor in Rankine systems has little effect. Key technologies in reducing specific mass are high reactor and radiator operating temperatures, low radiator areal density, and low turbine/generator system masses. Turbine/generator mass tends to dominate overall power system mass for Rankine systems. Radiator mass was dominant for Brayton systems.

  1. What Do Emissions Markets Deliver and to Whom? Evidence from Southern California’s NOx Trading Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith; Holland, Stephen P.; Mansur, Erin T

    2009-01-01

    Justice Critique of Emissions Trading. ” Ecology Lawgions: The case of the emission trading programme RECLAIM inTietenberg, Tom H. 2006. Emissions Trading Principles and

  2. Not All Carbon Credits are Created Equal: The Constitutional and the Cost of Regional Cap-and-Trade Market Linkage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howland, Juliet

    2009-01-01

    of Intertemporal Emission Trading, Bank- ing, and Borrowing,based mechanisms, including emissions trading, provide anEffectiveness of Linked Emissions Trading Schemes, MARGAREE

  3. Pacific Northwest Laboratory ALARA Report for Calendar Year 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, S.L.

    1994-07-01

    This report provides summary results of the Calendar Year (CY) 1993 As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) Program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). This report includes information regarding whole-body exposures to radiation, and skin contaminations. The collective whole-body radiation dose to employees during 1993 was 0.58 person-sievert (58 person-rem). This dose was 11 percent lower than the projected dose of 0.65 person-sievert (65 person-rem). The Radiation Protection Section`s Field Dosimetry Services group projected that no PNL employee`s dose would exceed 0.02 sievert (2 rem) based on dosimeters processed during the year; no worker actually exceeded the limit by the end of CY 1993. There were 15 reported cases of skin contamination for PNL employees during 1993. This number of 60 percent of the projected total of 25 cases. There were an additional 21 cases of personal-effects contamination to PNL staff: Nine of these contamination events occurred at the 324 Building, nine occurred at the 325 Building, one occurred in the 327 Building, one occurred in the 3720 Building, and one occurred in the 326 Building. Line management set numerous challenging and production ALARA goals for their facilities. Appendix A describes the final status of the 1993 ALARA goals. Appendix B describes the radiological ALARA goals for 1994. The Radiation Protection Section of the Laboratory Safety Dept. routinely perform audits of radiological ALARA requirements for specific facilities with significant potential for exposure. These ALARA audits are part of a comprehensive safety audit of the facility, designed to evaluate and improve total safety performance.

  4. Buying market transformation -- A cautionary tale from the Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baylon, D.; Davis, B.; Hewes, T.

    1998-07-01

    Beginning in April 1992, Pacific Northwest utilities, the Bonneville Power Administration, and eighteen manufactured home (HUD-code) builders undertook a large-scale experiment. Manufacturers were paid acquisition payments (initially $2,500/home) to install better insulation and windows in new electrically-heated homes. This resulted in homes 60% more efficient than HUD regulations dictated. Initial production projections of 10,000 homes per year were easily exceeded, with 94% of the manufactured homes (55,000) built to these standards during the 3.5 year program. During the Manufactured Housing Acquisition Program (MAP), production and on-site installation standards improved significantly. Manufactured homes made inroads into new construction markets, accounting for about 30% of regional production of new housing and competing with low- to mid-priced site-built homes in some areas. The market was transformed. Or was it? Two years have passed since the incentives stopped and the participating manufacturers were left to fend for themselves. Since MAP ended, production of homes built to the higher BPA Super Good Cents (SGC) energy efficiency standards has dropped throughout the region. The state energy offices (SEOs) have maintained an SGC inspection and certification program for which manufacturers pay $30/home, which has helped energy-efficient manufactured homes retain market share in some localities. However, where local codes do not require strict levels of energy efficiency for new homes, saturation of energy-efficient manufactured homes has declined dramatically. This paper examines factors affecting market transformation since the cessation of direct incentives, including fuel choice issues and the effects of state codes on production, infrastructure and sitting levels.

  5. Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1981 to the DOE Office of Energy Research. Part 4. Physical sciences. [Lead abstract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nielsen, J.M.

    1982-02-01

    Separate abstracts were prepared for the 13 reports in this 1981 annual report from Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory which deals with the physical sciences. (KRM)

  6. Bonneville Power Administration and the Industrial Technologies Program Leverage Support to Overcome Energy Efficiency Barriers in the Northwest

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This case study explores how Bonneville Power Administration, a Northwest regional wholesale power provider, rethought how to encourage and promote energy efficiency projects through its utilities.

  7. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Grounds Maintenance: Best Management Practice Case Studies #4 and #5 - Water Efficient Landscape and Irrigation (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-08-01

    FEMP Water Efficiency Best Management Practices #4 and #5 Case Study: Overview of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory grounds maintenance program and results.

  8. Predicting the spatial extent of injection-induced zones of enhanced permeability at the Northwest Geysers EGS Demonstration Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutqvist, J.

    2010-01-01

    enhanced geothermal system (EGS) in the Northern Geysersat the Northwest Geysers EGS Demonstration Project Rutqvist,an Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) demonstration project at

  9. The Northwest Geysers EGS Demonstration Project Phase 1: Pre-stimulation coupled geomechanical modeling to guide stimulation and monitoring plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutqvist, J.

    2012-01-01

    THE NORTHWEST GEYSERS EGS DEMONSTRATION PROJECT PHASE 1:Middletown, California Key words – EGS, Geysers, Injection,an Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) demonstration project at

  10. Global Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    change policies: escalation of wood energy production, consumption and trade 3. Globalization of forest Lacey Act Amendment f. EU renewable (wood) energy policies Forests, Markets, Policy & PracticeGlobal Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI Forests, Markets, Policy & Practice Shanghai, China

  11. Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China Claire Gavard, Niven Winchester and Sergey established research centers at MIT: the Center for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China Claire Gavard

  12. Storage Exchange: A Global Trading Platform for Storage Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    Storage Exchange: A Global Trading Platform for Storage Services Martin Placek and Rajkumar Buyya}@csse.unimelb.edu.au Abstract. The Storage Exchange (SX) is a new platform allowing stor- age to be treated as a tradeable resource. Organisations with varying storage requirements can use the SX platform to trade and exchange

  13. Storage Exchange: A Global Trading Platform for Storage Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    Storage Exchange: A Global Trading Platform for Storage Services Martin Placek and Rajkumar Buyya,raj}@csse.unimelb.edu.au Abstract. The Storage Exchange (SX) is a new platform allowing stor- age to be treated as a tradeable resource. Organisations with varying storage requirements can use the SX platform to trade and exchange

  14. Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory Megan Stevenson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry S.

    Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory Larry Karp Megan Stevenson January 27, 2012 Abstract of the green industrial policies, broadly understood, for five countries. We then consider the relation between green industrial policies and trade disputes, emphasizing the Brazil-US dispute involving ethanol

  15. Two Stock-Trading Agents: Market Making and Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    Two Stock-Trading Agents: Market Making and Technical Analysis Yi Feng, Ronggang Yu, Peter Stone://www.cs.utexas.edu/~{fengyi,ryu,pstone} Abstract. Evolving information technologies have brought computa- tional power and real-time facilities into the stock market. Automated stock trading draws much interest from both the #12;elds of computer sci- ence

  16. The 2001 Trading Agent Competition Michael P. Wellman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    in automating trading strategies. Based on a challenging market scenario in the domain of travel shopping in designing one's own, as well as in designing the market itself. Unfortunately, data about real-world trading, the competition presents agents with difficult issues in bidding strategy, market prediction, and resource

  17. Design Tradeoffs for Autonomous Trading Agents Ioannis A. Vetsikas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    design were tested in smaller market games that the researchers designed themselves. The Trading Agent provides a common market scenario to compare strategies and research. It is a challenging benchmark doDesign Tradeoffs for Autonomous Trading Agents Ioannis A. Vetsikas Computer Science Dept., Cornell

  18. Parametric Trade Study for Supersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zha, Gecheng

    Parametric Trade Study for Supersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing Jiaye Gan , Alexis Lefebvre for supersonic bi-directional flying wing(SBiDir-FW). The mission requirements for this su- personic plane on the airplane surface in order to mitigate sonic boom and improve aerodynamic efficiency. The trade study has

  19. TRADE-OFFS IN SKILL ACQUISITION AND TIME ALLOCATION AMONG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bock, John

    TRADE-OFFS IN SKILL ACQUISITION AND TIME ALLOCATION AMONG JUVENILE CHACMA BABOONS Sara E. Johnson use feeding efficiency and time allocation data collected on a wild, free-ranging, non of trade-offs affected by features of the physical, biotic, and social envi- ronment that set individuals

  20. Network Dynamics of City Sizes, Trade Networks, and Conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    Network Dynamics of City Sizes, Trade Networks, and Conflict Doug White In collaboration world, scale-free ­ but they are not going to get us where we need to go What are the possibilites: city size hierarchies and how they are likely to be driven by trade networks Network realism

  1. Arbitrage and viability in securities markets with ...xed trading costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Arbitrage and viability in securities markets with ...xed trading costs Elyčs Jouini Hedi Kallaly with ...xed costs of trading, i.e. transactions costs that are bounded regardless of the transaction size, such as: ...xed brokerage fees, investment taxes, op- erational and processing costs, or opportunity costs

  2. Optimal Trade Execution: Viscosity Solutions and HJB Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forsyth, Peter A.

    buys/sells large block of shares on behalf of client Large orders will incur costs, due to price impact (liquidity) effects e.g. rapidly selling a large block of shares will depress the price Slow trading minimizes price impact, but leaves exposure to stochastic price changes Fast trading will minimize risk due

  3. Mengerian Saleableness and Commodity Money in a Walrasian Trading Post Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2008-01-01

    Money in a Walrasian Trading Post Example Ross M. Starr ?commodity-pairwise trading posts and transac- tion costs,C62, E40 Keywords: trading post, transaction cost, commodity

  4. Convergence to monetary equilibrium: computational simulation of a trading post economy with transaction costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Xue; Whang, Yu-Jung; Zhang, Qiaoxi

    2010-01-01

    by Household [i,j] at Trading Pose {k,w} vol(i,j): Totalin a Walrasian Trading Post Example”, Economics Letters,simulation of a trading post economy with transaction costs

  5. DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS TRADING: ALTERNATIVE ALLOCATION AND RECYCLING STRATEGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS TRADING: ALTERNATIVE ALLOCATION AND RECYCLING. Phone (714) 907-1123, Fax (213) 821-3926, E-mail fprager@usc.edu Emissions trading, or "cap and trade

  6. 1Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Purdue Climate Change Research Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report PCCRC Purdue Climate Change Research Center EMISSIONS TRADING WORKSHOP Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana Friday April 30, 2010 SUMMARY REPORT #12;#12;Purdue Climate Change Research Center EMISSIONS TRADING WORKSHOP Purdue University West

  7. Miguel A. Figliozzi TRUCK TRADE CORRIDORS BETWEEN THE U.S. AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    at Austin in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ENGINEERING ......................................................................................................5 Mexican Economy, Trade Policies and U.S.-Mexico Trade ........................13 U.S.-Mexico Trade

  8. Fact #593: October 19, 2009 Petroleum Accounts for Nearly Half of the Total Trade Deficit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As recently as 2002, the petroleum trade balance accounted for less than 20% of the total U.S. goods trade deficit. In 2008, however, petroleum accounted for 45% of the trade deficit. However, as...

  9. The Proposed Canada-United States Free Trade Area: A Phoenix Arises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganezer, David L.

    1986-01-01

    customs unions and free trade areas, and GATT article XIIIcol. 3. CANADA-UNITED STATES FREE TRADE AREA fringe AmericanWest Pas- sage, and the free trade proposal. To the surprise

  10. The Eternal Fiscal Question: Free Trade and Protection in Britain, 1860-1929

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichengreen, Barry

    1991-01-01

    The Eternal Fiscal Question: Free Trade and Protection inHalevy and 6. International Free Trade Congress (1908), p.2.The Rise and Decline of the Free Trade Movement, Cambridge,

  11. The Uncertain Connection: Free Trade and Mexico-U.S. Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornelius, Wayne A.; Martin, Philip L

    1993-01-01

    M. 1991-92. "The Mexican Free Trade Agreement: An Idea Whose1992b "Labor Issues in a North American Free Trade Area," InNorth American Free Trade: Assessing the Impact, edited by

  12. The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea: Background, Analysis, and Perspectives for California Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Korea-United States Free Trade Agreement. ” Policy Briefs inFact Sheet: U.S. -Korea Free Trade Agree- ment—Bene?ts for09-2 ii The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea:

  13. International Trade in Used Durable Goods: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Lucas W.; Kahn, Matthew E

    2008-01-01

    and Taylor, S.  “Is Free Trade Good for the Environment? ”and the  Mexico?U.S.   Free  Trade  Agreement”  in  P.  The  Mexico?U.S.   Free  Trade  Agreement, Cambridge, MA: 

  14. The Environment and Free Trade: Meeting Halfway at the Mexican Border

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKeith, Malissa Hathaway

    1991-01-01

    on the North America Free Trade Agreement, 102d Cong. , 1stat 510-11. ENVIRONMENTAL AND FREE TRADE what records foreignwhether or not the Free Trade Agreement is enacted. Although

  15. System Losses and Assessment Trade Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Shropshire; Steve Piet; Nick Soelberg; Robert Cherry; Roger Henry; David Meikrantz; Greg Teske; Eric Shaber; Candido Pereira

    2009-09-01

    This Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) study has developed new analysis methods to examine old and new technology options toward the goal of improving fuel cycle systems. We have integrated participants and information from AFCI Systems Analysis, Transmutation Fuels, Separations, and Waste Form Campaigns in the Systems Losses and Assessment Trade Study. The initial objectives of this study were to 1) increase understanding of system interdependencies and thereby identify system trade-offs that may yield important insights, 2) define impacts of separations product purity on fuel manufacture and transmutation reactivity, 3) define impacts from transuranic (TRU) losses to waste, 4) identify the interrelationships involved in fuels and separations technology performance, and 5) identify system configuration adjustments with the greatest potential for influencing system losses. While bounding and analyzing this initial problem, we also identified significantly higher-level programmatic drivers with broad implications to the current fuel cycle research charter and the general issue of a DOE complex wide need for a comprehensive and integrated nuclear material management as addressed by the new DOE Order 410.2 titled “Management of Nuclear Materials”. The initial modeling effort developed in this study for a much smaller subset of material (i.e., commercial fuel) and a selected transmutation scheme (i.e., fast reactor recycling) is a necessary first step towards examining a broader set of nuclear material management options, dispositioning strategies and integrated waste management options including potential areas of research leverage. The primary outcome from this initial study has been an enhanced integration among Campaigns and associated insights and analysis methods. Opportunities for improved understanding between the groups abound. The above lanthanide-actinide example highlights the importance of evaluating options via integration across the Campaigns. Plans for Fiscal Year 2010 are being made in a coordinated fashion such that the knowledge gained from the research performed by the Campaigns can benefit on-going work of the study, and that improved understanding of the system relationships can be used to guide the specific research and development (R&D) activities within the Campaigns. In FY-10, the System Losses and Assessment Trade Study will carry-over activities from FY-09. We will continue to refine impurity and loss estimates and impurity limits on fuels by incorporating results from ongoing R&D. And we will begin work on an enhanced nuclear material management model to allow us to continue to improve our overall system understanding of the trade-offs between separations, fuel fabrication, waste forms, waste disposition, SNM losses, reactor performance, and proliferation resistance. In the future, we can also better understand how used fuel and other forms of remote-handled SNM can be better integrated into an overall nuclear material management program that will evolve for the DOE complex via Order 410.2 (DOE 2009).

  16. Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmona, Rene

    Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental Finance. MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES REN´E CARMONA , MAX FEHR , JURI HINZ , AND ARNAUD PORCHET to help policy makers and regulators understand the pros and the cons of the emissions markets. We propose

  17. WHAT TO EXPECT FROM SECTORAL TRADING: A US-CHINA EXAMPLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and increases electricity generation. Keywords: Climate; sectoral agreements; emissions trading; carbon leakage an Emissions Trading Scheme, international negotiations aim to foster wider agreements, particularly

  18. The Marine Live Bait Trade in California: A Pathway for Introduction of Non-Indigenous Species?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Passarelli, Bruno

    2010-01-01

    To investigate the transport of NIS into California via theCalifornia via the Marine Live Bait Trade TransportCalifornia via the Marine Live Bait Trade Transport

  19. International Trade in Used Durable Goods: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Lucas W.; Kahn, Matthew E

    2008-01-01

    trade  leads  average  vehicle  emissions  to  decrease  in vehicles  and  vehicle  emissions.   Our  dataset  allows We  compare  the  vehicle  emissions  of  traded  vehicles 

  20. Final Scientific/Technical Report Carbon Capture and Storage Training Northwest - CCSTNW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Workman, James

    2013-09-30

    This report details the activities of the Carbon Capture and Storage Training Northwest (CCSTNW) program 2009 to 2013. The CCSTNW created, implemented, and provided Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) training over the period of the program. With the assistance of an expert advisory board, CCSTNW created curriculum and conducted three short courses, more than three lectures, two symposiums, and a final conference. The program was conducted in five phases; 1) organization, gap analysis, and form advisory board; 2) develop list serves, website, and tech alerts; 3) training needs survey; 4) conduct lectures, courses, symposiums, and a conference; 5) evaluation surveys and course evaluations. This program was conducted jointly by Environmental Outreach and Stewardship Alliance (dba. Northwest Environmental Training Center – NWETC) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL).

  1. Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Prototyping and Construction Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

    2013-11-01

    The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collaborating to conduct research on new specifications that would improve on the energy requirements of a NEEM home. In its role as administrator, NEW administers the technical specs, performs research and engineering analysis, implements ongoing construction quality management procedures, and maintains a central database with home tracking. This project prototyped and assessed the performances of cost-effective high performance building assemblies and mechanical systems that are not commonly deployed in the manufacturing setting. The package of measures is able to reduce energy used for space conditioning, water heating and lighting by 50 percent over typical manufactured homes produced in the northwest.

  2. Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Prototyping and Construction Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hewes, Tom; Peeks, Brady

    2013-11-01

    The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collaborating to conduct research on new specifications that would improve on the energy requirements of a NEEM home. In its role as administrator, NEW administers the technical specs, performs research and engineering analysis, implements ongoing construction quality management procedures, and maintains a central database with home tracking. This project prototyped and assessed the performances of cost-effective high performance building assemblies and mechanical systems that are not commonly deployed in the manufacturing setting. The package of measures is able to reduce energy used for space conditioning, water heating and lighting by 50% over typical manufactured homes produced in the northwest.

  3. Mechanical ventilation in HUD-code manufactured housing in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lubliner, M.; Stevens, D.T.; Davis, B.

    1997-12-31

    Electric utilities in the Pacific Northwest have spent more than $100 million to support energy-efficiency improvements in the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) code manufactured housing industry in the Pacific Northwest over the past several years. More than 65,000 manufactured housing units have been built since 1991 that exceed the new HUD standards for both thermal performance and mechanical ventilation that became effective in October 1994. All of these units included mechanical ventilation systems that were designed to meet or exceed the requirements of ASHRAE Standard 62-1989. This paper addresses the ventilation solutions that were developed and compares the comfort and energy considerations of the various strategies that have evolved in the Pacific Northwest and nationally. The use and location of a variety of outside air inlets will be addressed, as will the acceptance by the occupants of the ventilation strategy.

  4. Preconstruction schedules, costs, and permit requirements for electric power generating resources in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendrickson, P.L.; Smith, S.A.; Thurman, A.G.; Watts, R.L.; Weakley, S.A.

    1990-07-01

    This report was prepared for the Generation Programs Branch, Office of Energy Resources, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). The principal objective of the report is to assemble in one document preconstruction cost, schedule, and permit information for twelve specific generating resources. The report is one of many documents that provide background information for BPA's Resource Program, which is designed to identify the type and amount of new resources that BPA may have to add over the next twenty years to maintain an adequate and reliable electric power supply in the Pacific Northwest. A predecessor to this report is a 1982 report prepared by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the Northwest Power Planning Council (the Council''). The 1982 report had a similar, but not identical, content and format. 306 refs., 14 figs., 22 tabs.

  5. 1995 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, Technical Appendix: Volume 1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1995-12-01

    The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (WhiteBook), is published annually by BPA, and establishes the planning basis for supplying electricity to customers. It serves a dual purpose. First, the White Book presents projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. Second, the White Book serves as a benchmark for annual BPA determinations made pursuant to the 1981 regional power sales contracts. Specifically, BPA uses the, information in the White Book for determining the notice required when customers request to increase or decrease the amount of power purchased from BPA. Aside from these purposes, the White Book is used for input to BPA`s resource planning process. The White Book compiles information obtained from several formalized resource planning reports and data submittals, including those from the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC).

  6. A Comprehensive Approach to Bi-National Regional Energy Planning in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matt Morrison

    2007-12-31

    The Pacific NorthWest Economic Region, a statutory organization chartered by the Northwest states of Alaska, Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Oregon, and the western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and the Yukon through its Energy Working Group launched a bi-national energy planning initiative designed to create a Pacific Northwest energy planning council of regional public/private stakeholders from both Canada and the US. There is an urgent need to deal with the comprehensive energy picture now before our hoped for economic recovery results in energy price spikes which are likely to happen because the current supply will not meet predicted demand. Also recent events of August 14th have shown that our bi-national energy grid system is intricately interdependent, and additional planning for future capacity is desperately needed.

  7. 1994 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, Technical Appendix: Volume 1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1994-12-01

    The 1994 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study establishes the Bonneville Power Administration`s (BPA) planning basis for supplying electricity t6 BPA customers. The Loads and Resources Study is presented in two documents: (1) this technical appendix detailing loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility; and (2) a summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources. This analysis updates the 1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study Technical Appendix published in December 1993. This technical appendix provides utility specific information that BPA uses in its long-range planning. It incorporates the following for each utility: (1) electrical demand-firm loads; (2) generating resources; and (3) contracts both inside and outside the region. This document should be used in combination with the 1994 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, published in December 1994, because much of the information in that document is not duplicated here. This BPA planning document incorporates Pacific Northwest generating resources and the 1994 medium load forecast prepared by BPA. Each utility`s forecasted future firm loads are subtracted from its existing resources to determine whether it will be surplus or deficit. If a utility`s resources are greater than loads in any particular year or month, there is a surplus of energy and/or capacity, which the utility can sell to increase revenues. Conversely, if its firm loads exceed available resources, there is a deficit of energy and/or capacity, and additional conservation, contract purchases, or generating resources will be needed to meet the utility`s load.

  8. Pacific Northwest and Alaska Bioenergy Program Year Book; 1992-1993 Yearbook with 1994 Activities.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pacific Northwest and Alaska Bioenergy Program; United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1994-04-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy administers five Regional Bioenergy Programs to encourage regionally specific application of biomass and municipal waste-to-energy technologies to local needs, opportunities and potentials. The Pacific Northwest and Alaska region has taken up a number of applied research and technology projects, and supported and guided its five participating state energy programs. This report describes the Pacific Northwest and Alaska Regional Bioenergy Program, and related projects of the state energy agencies, and summarizes the results of technical studies. It also considers future efforts of this regional program to meet its challenging assignment.

  9. Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL -Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Pretreatment for Cellulosic Ethanol Production: Technology and Energy Consumption Evaluation." BioresourceDiagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL - Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest production industry in the Northwest United States. One of NARA's goals is to develop a production process

  10. The origin of young mare basalts inferred from lunar meteorites Northwest Africa 4734, 032, and LaPaz Icefield 02205

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The origin of young mare basalts inferred from lunar meteorites Northwest Africa 4734, 032, and La accepted 21 October 2013) Abstract­Northwest Africa (NWA) 4734 is an unbrecciated basaltic lunar meteorite basalts. NWA 4734 is a low-Ti mare basalt with a low Mg* (36.5) and elevated abundances of incompatible

  11. STATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , because we expect that all hydropower-based transactions will be labeled as such in the future, due in a good deal of double-counting of hydropower. Pacific Northwest utilities claim their hydropower first hydropower (and nuclear), then non-firm hydropower to serve native loads. A Concept for Discussion We believe

  12. Economic and Emissions Implications of Load-Based, Source-based and First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under California AB32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yihsu; Liu, Andrew L.; Hobbs, Benjamin F.

    2008-01-01

    emissions trading programs for the electric power sector:power markets, transmission limitations, and emissions trading,

  13. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  14. Two Nineteenth Century Trade Routes in the Eastern Himalayas: the Bhutanese trade with Tibet and Bengal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Ratna; Ray, Indrajit

    2006-01-01

    to the freezing point in the Himalayan kingdoms, it was by far the best season for caravan trade. The chance of rain was least; also the river beds were dry so that the caravans could smoothly proceed along those beds minimizing their toil and fatalities. Food... was cheap, especially barley, meat and wine, and easily available in the route-side localities.9 Also, this was the season when farm activities were slack, and farmers had time to vend their crops and to opt for subsidiary jobs. In Tibet, for example...

  15. Allowance trading made easy: The cash-forward settlement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartels, C.W.

    1993-11-01

    Centralized trading for cash-forward settlement adopts the most useful aspects of traditional commodity trading of spot cash and futures contracts, but eliminates those aspect which are most problematic for the regulated utility industry. Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 created a system of tradeable pollution rights which promises to achieve U.S. acid rain reduction goals at a savings of billions of dollars compared to traditional means of environmental regulation. The ultimate success of this allowance trading program depends in large part on the utility industry's capacity to integrate a new type of transaction into planning, decision-making, and cost recovery mechanism. The breadth and novelty of this challenge, along with the conservative nature of utility planners, executives, and regulators, may be one reason exploitation of allowance trading has been slow to develop.

  16. Towards an Emissions Trading Scheme for Air Pollutants in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duflo, Esther

    Emissions trading schemes have great potential to lower pollution while minimizing compliance costs for firms in many areas now subject to traditional command-and-control regulation. This paper connects experience with ...

  17. Emissions Trading with Profit-Neutral Permit Allocations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hepburn, Cameron J.; Quah, John K.-H.; Ritz, Robert A.

    2012-08-17

    This paper examines the impact of an emissions trading scheme (ETS) on equilibrium emissions, output, price, market concentration, and profits in a generalized Cournot model. We develop formulae for the number of emissions permits that have...

  18. Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The trade balance (exports minus imports) for petroleum has been negative for more than a quarter of a century, meaning that the U.S. imports more petroleum than it exports. The largest petroleum...

  19. Cap-and-Trade Properties under Different Scheme Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taschini, Luca

    This paper examines the key design mechanisms of existing and proposed cap-and-trade markets. First, it is shown that the hybrid systems under investigation (safety-valve with offsets, price floor using a subsidy, price ...

  20. Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

  1. CORECT: Committee on Renewable Energy Commerce and Trade, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    An overview of the activities of CORECT (Committee on Renewable Energy, Commerce and Trade) for 1991 is presented as a series of highlights and photographs of projects underway in Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and others.

  2. Emissions trading comes of age as a strategic tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pospisil, R.

    1996-03-01

    Trading of emissions credits has quickly evolved from a curiosity to a viable compliance strategy for electric utilities and power-generating industrial firms. A sure sign that emissions trading has matured is the entry of power marketers onto the scene; in bundling pollution allowances with their electricity offerings, they are making their product more attractive - and stealing a page from the coal companies` strategy book to boot. Although most current activity involves credits for sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) trading is under way in certain areas as well, although NO{sub x} markets are local and thus slower to develop. However, utilities see economic development potential in this area; some are providing NO{sub x} credits to their industrial customers to help them comply with environmental regulations - and to retain their loyalty when deregulation affords them a choice of electricity suppliers. This paper briefly discusses the issues related to emissions trading.

  3. Insider trading at the turn of the century: two essays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tartaroglu, Semih -.

    2009-05-15

    ) prior to positive (negative) earnings surprises declined after the Act. Finally, I document that the earnings announcements become more informative after the Act, which is consistent with less price discovery through insider trading prior to earnings...

  4. International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Y.

    The introduction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an option for international trade has created a market for natural gas where global prices may eventually be differentiated by the transportation costs between world ...

  5. The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi, Tianyu

    2013-08-21

    Emissions trading systems are recognized as a cost-effective way to facilitate emissions abatement and are expected to play an important role in international cooperation for global climate mitigation. Starting from the ...

  6. Assessment of U.S. cap-and-trade proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, Sergey V.

    2007-01-01

    The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

  7. Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, Sergey

    The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

  8. TradingO# TypeInference Memory Complexity Against Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trading­O# Type­Inference Memory Complexity Against Communication Konstantin HyppË?onen 1 , David Science Po.B. 1627, FIN­70211, Kuopio, Finland {konstantin.hypponen, elena.trichina}@cs.uku.fi 2 Gemplus

  9. Trading-Off Type-Inference Memory Complexity Against Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trading-Off Type-Inference Memory Complexity Against Communication Konstantin Hypp¨onen1 , David Po.B. 1627, FIN-70211, Kuopio, Finland {konstantin.hypponen, elena.trichina}@cs.uku.fi 2 Gemplus Card

  10. Market Transformation in Connecticut: Integrating Home Performance Into Existing Trades

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Market Transformation in Connecticut: Integrating Home Performance Into Existing Trades, Evolving to Whole Home Success, Session 2: Sustainable Business Models presentation. Provides an overview of Connecticut's various home energy programs, the Connecticut Energy Efficiency Fund, and contractor involvement.

  11. High frequency trading system design and process management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Xiangguang

    2009-01-01

    Trading firms nowadays are highly reliant on data mining, computer modeling and software development. Financial analysts perform many similar tasks to those in software and manufacturing industries. However, the finance ...

  12. Obstacles to global CO? trading : a familiar problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny.

    There are many obstacles to the development of an international CO? emissions trading system, but the biggest is a feature that is often assumed: the existence of a single national system. Once a national system is in ...

  13. Fair trade and harmonization of climate change policies in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viguier, Laurent L.

    In March 2000, the European Commission presented a Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within Europe, supporting implementation of a Community-wide scheme in which the design and regulation of all essential ...

  14. An Analysis of the European Emission Trading Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reilly, John M.

    An international emissions trading system is a featured instrument in the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, designed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases among major industrial countries. The ...

  15. Incorporating safety risk in early system architecture trade studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dulac, Nicholas

    Ideally, safety should be a part of the early decision making used in conceptual system design. However, effectively evaluating safety risk3 early enough to inform the early trade studies is not possible with current ...

  16. Managing performance vs. accuracy trade-offs with loop perforation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidiroglou, Stelios

    Many modern computations (such as video and audio encoders, Monte Carlo simulations, and machine learning algorithms) are designed to trade off accuracy in return for increased performance. To date, such computations ...

  17. Impact of Moisture Flux and Freezing Level on Simulated Orographic Precipitation Errors over the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuter, Sandra

    the Pacific Northwest YANLUAN LIN Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth System Modeling, Center System Modeling, Center of Earth System Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. E microphysical Corresponding author address: Dr. Yanluan Lin, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth

  18. Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative 711 NE Halsey Portland, OR 97232-1268

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for an excellent assessment of fuel price forecasts for the Pacific Northwest. The Preliminary Draft Fuel Prices forecasts apply under different regulatory schemes. The Council should then incorporate these varying price: Thank you for providing PNGC Power with the opportunity to comment on the Preliminary Draft Fuel Prices

  19. Dating of coal fires in Xinjiang, north-west China Xiangmin Zhang,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Dating of coal fires in Xinjiang, north-west China Xiangmin Zhang,1 Salomon B. Kroonenberg2 and Cor, the Netherlands Introduction Coal fires are one of the most serious problems for the Chinese coal indus- try. The estimated annual loss of coal by fires in China ranges from about 10­20 million tonnes (Guan et al., 1998

  20. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2014 Northwest Region, Report Number 3: September 24, 2014 Nikki Rothwell and Emily Pochubay, Extension Fruit Educators Apples are maturing slowly, but warm and sunny weather should move fruit along this week. We expect apples to be ready for harvest close

  1. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 5: October 2, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 5: October 2, 2013 Nikki Rothwell and Emily Pochubay, Extension Fruit Educators This is the fifth week of 2013 apple maturity testing at NWMHRC. Results will be sent via fax and email to past apple maturity list subscribers. Results

  2. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 7: October 16, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 7: October 16, 2013 Nikki Rothwell and Emily Pochubay, Extension Fruit Educators This is the seventh week of 2013 apple maturity testing at NWMHRC. Results will be sent via fax and email to past apple maturity list subscribers. Results

  3. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 1 September 4, 2013 General Comments - The NWMHRC will be testing apples for maturity for 2013, and results will be sent via fax and email to past apple maturity list subscribers. Results will also be available at: http

  4. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 6: October 9, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 6: October 9, 2013 Nikki Rothwell and Emily Pochubay, Extension Fruit Educators This is the sixth week of 2013 apple maturity testing at NWMHRC. Results will be sent via fax and email to past apple maturity list subscribers. Results

  5. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 3 September 18, 2013 Nikki Rothwell and Emily Pochubay, Extension Fruit Educators This is the third week of 2013 apple maturity testing at NWMHRC. General Comments - The NWMHRC will be testing apples for maturity for 2013

  6. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 4: September 25, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 4: September 25, 2013 Nikki Rothwell and Emily Pochubay, Extension Fruit Educators This is the fourth week of 2013 apple maturity testing at NWMHRC. Results will be sent via fax and email to past apple maturity list subscribers

  7. normal in many parts of the Northwest; consequently, the January to July runoff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin What's Inside Raising the Price of BPA 3 Power Would Cost Ratepayers The Council approved 33 subbasin plans that will guide efforts to mitigate the impacts of hydropower dams and Reduced Hydropower A low water year will bring hard- ship for much of the Northwest as farmers, fish

  8. Modeling to discern nitrogen fertilization impacts on carbon sequestration in a Pacific Northwest Douglas-fir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling to discern nitrogen fertilization impacts on carbon sequestration in a Pacific Northwest A R K J O H N S O N } *LREIS Institute of Geographic Sciences & Nature Resources Research, Chinese of Forestry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4, zBiometeorology and Soil Physics

  9. Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative 711 NE Halsey Portland, OR 97232-1268

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative 711 NE Halsey Portland, OR 97232-1268 (503) 288-1234 Fax and Wildlife Program, guided by principles of cost effectiveness. Because our members continue to contribute significantly to the fish and wildlife program through their electric rates, PNGC is deeply interested in seeing

  10. Energy and Environment R&D at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    emissions management Emissions Capture & Storage Grid of the Future Buildings Energy Efficiency Nuclear sequestration systems design, risk assessment and monitoring Partnerships for first-of-a-kind demonstrations #12Energy and Environment R&D at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Mike Davis, Associate

  11. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 8: Direct Use of Natural Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 8: Direct Use of Natural Gas....................................................................... 1 Analysis of the Direct Use of Natural Gas for the Sixth Power Plan electricity to natural gas for residential space and water heating a lower-cost and lower-risk alternative

  12. Independent Scientific Advisory Board for the Northwest Power and Conservation Council,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Independent Scientific Advisory Board for the Northwest Power and Conservation Council, Columbia ongoing evaluation for the new Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion (BiOp). COMPASS) realistically portray the hydro-system and variable river conditions - The fit to available in-river and hydro

  13. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 3: Electricity Demand Forecast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 3: Electricity Demand Forecast Summary.............................................................................................. 11 Demand From Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV megawatt-hours of electricity in 2007. That demand is expected to grow to 25,000 average megawatts by 2030

  14. Sixth Northwest Conservation & Electric Power Plan Cost and Availability of Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Sixth Northwest Conservation & Electric Power Plan Cost and Availability of Wind Integration and Conservation Council Wind Integration Costs · Reserving capacity for within-hour balancing is costly the system without the need to reserve flexible capacity for within-hour balancing of wind generation #12;3 5

  15. An in-depth study of forest products industries in the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An in-depth study of forest products industries in the Pacific Northwest Tendayi Mhlanga, World. · Current state of the forest products industry. · Production outlook. #12;· The PNW refers to the forested% of US energy needs. · Sources of biomass are; round-wood, mill residues, logging or woods residue, urban

  16. Document 2006-22 November 15, 2006 Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Warning Implementation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    boards of public utilities are all explicitly examining strategies for planning resources to meet load Implementation Plan INTRODUCTON This paper describes the role the Council will take and the Council's expectations of the roles others will take in the Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Implementation Plan

  17. UTILITY PLANNING ISSUES Northwest Power and Conservation Council August 9, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to jointly purchase NEMS ­ John Saven No one else needs much power either Only 1 other I-937 utility in groupUTILITY PLANNING ISSUES Northwest Power and Conservation Council August 9, 2011 #12;Inland Overview - Power Don't need a lot of additional power 3 MW by 2016; 8 by 2020 Formed group of 20 smaller utilities

  18. A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities Through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in rural communities. The nature of the analysis methodology is such that during implementation phases, rural residents may be more likely to find suitable employment in their community. As is the caseA Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities

  19. Cleanup Verification Package for the 100-F-20, Pacific Northwest Laboratory Parallel Pits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. J. Appel

    2007-01-22

    This cleanup verification package documents completion of remedial action for the 100-F-20, Pacific Northwest Laboratory Parallel Pits waste site. This waste site consisted of two earthen trenches thought to have received both radioactive and nonradioactive material related to the 100-F Experimental Animal Farm.

  20. Assessing the Willingness to Pay in the Pacific Northwest for Salmon Produced by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of fish and extractive aquaculture species at one site to simulate a balanced natural system and reduce Pacific Northwest perceive IMTA and its products compared to other salmon aquaculture methods and products-Multi-Trophic Aquaculture Network for their input, and The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council for providing

  1. Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix K RENEWABLE RESOURCE CONFIRMATION AGENDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , or additional projects undertaken to support demand for "green" power or to achieve research and developmentK-1 Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix K APPENDIX K RENEWABLE in Chapter 1 of Volume II of the 1991 Power Plan. In general, the Council has avoided advocating new policies

  2. Energy Efficiency in the Future The Sixth Northwest Power Plan, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resource Portfolio CumulativeResources (AverageMegawatts) Energy efficiency is at the heart of the SixthEnergy Efficiency in the Future The Sixth Northwest Power Plan, 2010 The plan,the sixth five megawatts). This efficiency,combined with new renewable energy,could delay investments in new fossil

  3. Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance Request for Proposals for Evaluation of the Regional Technical Forum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance Request for Proposals for Evaluation of the Regional Technical Energy Efficiency Alliance (NEEA) will issue a time-and-materials contract, not to exceed $75,000. NEEA governments, public interest groups and energy efficiency industry representatives that operate in the states

  4. Simulated Atmospheric Deposition of Pollutants into Watersheds in the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Simulated Atmospheric Deposition of Pollutants into Watersheds in the Pacific Northwest StephanieEaSM framework, allowing users to graphically display outputs from air quality models and interpolate atmospheric the Air Indicator Report for Public Access and Community Tracking (AIRPACT-3) air quality forecast system

  5. Organochlorine Pollutants and Stable Isotopes in Resident and Migrant Passerine Birds from Northwest Michoacan, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mora, Miguel A.

    Northwest Michoaca´n, Mexico Miguel A. Mora Received: 22 October 2007 / Accepted: 20 December 2007 concentrations of OCs during migration in Latin America. The Lerma-Chapala Basin in west-central Mex- ico is an important migration corridor and wintering area for many species. The objectives of this study were

  6. Review of WTE ash utilization processes under development in northwest Europe Athanasios Bourtsalas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1 Review of WTE ash utilization processes under development in northwest Europe Athanasios. The main subject of his thesis is the transformation of waste-to-energy (WTE) bottom ash to higher value to advance beneficial uses of WTE ash. As part of this second part of his research, the author participated

  7. Nez Perce Tribe Formaldehyde Study 2011 Kayla Warden and Etta Axtell-Northwest Indian College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Nez Perce Tribe Formaldehyde Study 2011 Kayla Warden and Etta Axtell- Northwest Indian College of the study and for the excellent research experience. Introduction The past study quantified formaldehyde collected on an absorption tube. Formaldehyde concentration was validated with hourly DOAS measurements

  8. Oceanographic Observations Off the Pacific Northwest Following the 1982 EI Nino Event

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    appreciably following the El Nino event that reached the eastern tropical Pacific in fall 1982. A consensus level data for the 1982 El Nino is not yet available, initial impressions are that the present El NinoOceanographic Observations Off the Pacific Northwest Following the 1982 EI Nino Event R. K. REED

  9. The Effects of an Increasing Surplus of Energy Generating Capability in the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources, predominantly wind power. The new resources are changing the nature of the power system, from planning to operations. While the hydro- dominated Northwest power system has historically been's renewable portfolio standard led the Council to include an action item in its Sixth Power Plan to assess

  10. Roles of Scholars in the Practice of Combating-Desertification: A Case Study in Northwest China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    Roles of Scholars in the Practice of Combating-Desertification: A Case Study in Northwest China, and researchers have participated in combating-desertification programs, their actions were often not effective. They played indispensible roles in facilitating efforts in combating desertification. The study also iden

  11. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 2: Key Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's power plan to include a forecast of electricity demand for the next 20 years. Demand, to a large extent, is....................................................................................................................................... 16 Forecast of Retail Electricity Prices................................................................................................................... 17 SUMMARY OF KEY FINDINGS Pacific Northwest population and energy costs are expected to increase

  12. Northwest Regional Technology Center, May 2014 Page 1 of 2 Around The Region In Homeland Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Security (DHS) Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), recently visited PNNL. The goals of the trip wereNorthwest Regional Technology Center, May 2014 Page 1 of 2 Around The Region In Homeland Security, and recovery. The center enables homeland security solutions for emergency responder communities and federal

  13. Vegetation succession and carbon sequestration in a coastal wetland in northwest Florida: Evidence from carbon isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vegetation succession and carbon sequestration in a coastal wetland in northwest Florida: Evidence from carbon isotopes Yonghoon Choi and Yang Wang Department of Geological Sciences, Florida State. Measurements of stable carbon isotopic ratios as well as carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) contents

  14. Pacific Northwest Demand Response Project Lee Hall, BPA Smart Grid Program Manager

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pacific Northwest Demand Response Project Lee Hall, BPA Smart Grid Program Manager February 14 utilities to invest in DR Regional situational analysis ­ issues to address #12;Nationally ­ Demand ResponseSource: FERC Demand Response & Advanced Metering Report, February 2011 Peak DR 65,000 MW 1,062 MW Peak DR

  15. Large-Scale Errors and Mesoscale Predictability in Pacific Northwest Snowstorms DALE R. DURRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Large-Scale Errors and Mesoscale Predictability in Pacific Northwest Snowstorms DALE R. DURRAN The development of mesoscale numerical weather prediction (NWP) models over the last two decades has made- search communities. Nevertheless, the predictability of the mesoscale features captured in such forecasts

  16. Paying a Visit: The Dalai Lama Effect on International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuchs, Andreas; Klann, Nils-Hendrik

    2011-01-26

    be negatively affected by a planned meeting between Dutch members of parliament and the Dalai Lama (“’We are clear: no dalai lama visits”, NRC Handelsblad, May 7th 2009, available at: http://www.nrc.nl/international/Features/article2234645.ece... ” which France alone would have to bear.21 In early 2009, France was crossed off the travel agenda of two Chinese trade delegations. The first delegation alone signed 15 billion US dollars’ worth of trade deals in other European countries. Furthermore...

  17. Fairer Trade, Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lori L.; Dar, Jawad

    2015-01-01

    Fairer Trade Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes LORI L. TAYLOR AND JAWAD DAR Mosbacher Institute VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 3 | 2015 There are many inequalities in US tariff policy. Products imported from certain countries enter duty free, while... in 2009 to honor Robert A. Mosbacher, Secretary of Commerce from 1989- 1992 and key architect of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Through our three core programs–Integration of Global Markets, Energy in a Global Economy, and Governance and Public...

  18. What Do Emissions Markets Deliver and to Whom? Evidence from Southern California's NOx Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith

    technology standards. Increasingly, however, emissions trading programs are the preferred policy choice regulation towards more market-based alternatives such as emissions trading.1 In parts of Europe, New Zealand-and-trade"to the fore. Despite this prominence, questions remain about how emissions trading is working in practice

  19. Beyond Additionality in Cap-and-Trade Offset Policy Reuters/Nguyen Huy Kham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the cap. Offsets have assumed an important role in many recent emissions trading programs for greenhouse

  20. Water for food: The global virtual water trade network S. Suweis,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konar, Megan

    Water for food: The global virtual water trade network M. Konar,1 C. Dalin,1 S. Suweis,1,2 N and methodology for studying virtual water trade. We utilize complex network theory to analyze the structure of the global virtual water trade associated with the international food trade. In the global virtual water

  1. Detecting Turning Points of Trading Price and Return Volatility for Market Surveillance Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    Trading agent concept is very useful for trading strategy design and market mechanism design for trading strategy design and market mechanism design [2]. Besides that, we are also particularly interestedDetecting Turning Points of Trading Price and Return Volatility for Market Surveillance Agents

  2. Spatial Equilibrium Modeling with Imperfectly Competitive Markets: An Application to Rice Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    when all trading countries comply with the free trade agreement. #12;1 Spatial Equilibrium ModelingSpatial Equilibrium Modeling with Imperfectly Competitive Markets: An Application to Rice Trade Chi: An Application to Rice Trade Abstract A general imperfect competition spatial equilibrium model is developed

  3. Using Weigh-in-Motion Data to Calibrate Trade-Derived Estimates of Mexican

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    to determine ETT North American Free Trade Agreement volumes. As federal andUsing Weigh-in-Motion Data to Calibrate Trade-Derived Estimates of Mexican Trade Truck Volumes.) that carry interna- tional trade. However, the data sources available make this problem- atic and imprecise

  4. Allowance trading: Correcting the past and looking to the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shah, A.Y.; Canter, L.W.

    1995-09-01

    Allowance trading is basic to the Title IV acid rain provisions of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) in the United States; the provisions seek to achieve a 10-million-ton reduction in annual sulfur dioxide emissions from the electric power utility industry. Allowance trading, a market-based approach, is conceptually similar to the emissions trading policy of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). An allowance is defined as the authorization to emit, during or after a specified calendar year, one ton of sulfur dioxide. This paper provides an overview of the allowance trading program by summarizing some important features, particularly as they are responsive to limitations and concern as related to the precursor emissions trading program in the early to mid-1980s. Such features include a simple definition of baseline emission levels, encouragements for nationwide trading, disincentives for accumulation of excess allowance,s opportunities for leasing other short-term allowance transfer arrangements, enforcement provisions, and benefits of bonus allowances and early emission reductions. Adherence to implementation protocols for the acid rain provisions of Title IV of the CAAA will provide a good opportunity to evaluate this market-based approach for environmental quality management.

  5. Environmental effects of SO{sub 2} trading and banking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtraw, D.; Mansur, E.

    1999-10-15

    The widely acknowledged innovation of Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments is sulfur dioxide allowance trading, which is designed to encourage the electricity industry to minimize the cost of reducing emissions. Few studies have examined the environmental effects of trading, and none have explored the effects of banking. The authors used an integrated assessment computer model, the Tracking and Analysis Framework, to evaluate changes in emissions of SO{sub 2}, atmospheric concentrations of sulfates and deposition of sulfur, and public health benefits from reduced exposure to SO{sub 2} and particulate matter. They assessed geographic and temporal changes at the state level that result from trading and banking and compared them with estimated cost savings. The findings are not consistent with the feats of the program's critics. In the East and Northeast including New York State, an area of particular concern, the authors found that health benefits increase and sulfur deposition decrease slightly as a result of trading. Nationally, trading results in health-related benefits in addition to significant cost savings. Banking changes the timing of emissions, but the geographic consequence of banking is varied.

  6. Deep and Surface Circulation in the Northwest Indian Ocean from Argo, Surface Drifter, Satellite, and In Situ Profiling Current Observations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryker, Sarah

    2012-10-19

    , but little is understood about the Sea of Oman. This thesis incorporated observations from Argo floats, surface drifters and satellite imagery to study the deep and surface circulation in the northwest Indian Ocean. An assessment of four independent moorings...

  7. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Facility Radionuclide Emission Points and Sampling Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barfuss, Brad C.; Barnett, J. M.; Ballinger, Marcel Y.

    2009-04-08

    Battelle—Pacific Northwest Division operates numerous research and development laboratories in Richland, Washington, including those associated with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) on the Department of Energy’s Hanford Site that have the potential for radionuclide air emissions. The National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP 40 CFR 61, Subparts H and I) requires an assessment of all effluent release points that have the potential for radionuclide emissions. Potential emissions are assessed annually. Sampling, monitoring, and other regulatory compliance requirements are designated based upon the potential-to-emit dose criteria found in the regulations. The purpose of this document is to describe the facility radionuclide air emission sampling program and provide current and historical facility emission point system performance, operation, and design information. A description of the buildings, exhaust points, control technologies, and sample extraction details is provided for each registered or deregistered facility emission point. Additionally, applicable stack sampler configuration drawings, figures, and photographs are provided.

  8. Pacific Northwest Laboratory facilities radionuclide inventory assessment CY 1992-1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sula, M.J.; Jette, S.J.

    1994-09-01

    Assessments for evaluating compliance with airborne radionuclide emission monitoring requirements in the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs - U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40 Part 61, Subparts H and I) were performed for 33 buildings at the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) Pacific Northwest Laboratory on the Hanford Site, and for five buildings owned and operated by Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories in Richland, Washington. The assessments were performed using building radionuclide inventory data obtained in 1992 and 1993. Results of the assessments are summarized in Table S.1 for DOE-PNL buildings and in Table S.2 for Battelle-owned buildings. Based on the radionuclide inventory assessments, four DOE-PNL buildings (one with two emission points) require continuous sampling for radionuclides per 40 CFR 61. None of the Battelle-owned buildings require continuous emission sampling.

  9. Energy Storage for Power Systems Applications: A Regional Assessment for the Northwest Power Pool (NWPP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Balducci, Patrick J.; Jin, Chunlian; Nguyen, Tony B.; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Guo, Xinxin; Tuffner, Francis K.

    2010-04-01

    Wind production, which has expanded rapidly in recent years, could be an important element in the future efficient management of the electric power system; however, wind energy generation is uncontrollable and intermittent in nature. Thus, while wind power represents a significant opportunity to the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), integrating high levels of wind resources into the power system will bring great challenges to generation scheduling and in the provision of ancillary services. This report addresses several key questions in the broader discussion on the integration of renewable energy resources in the Pacific Northwest power grid. More specifically, it addresses the following questions: a) how much total reserve or balancing requirements are necessary to accommodate the simulated expansion of intermittent renewable energy resources during the 2019 time horizon, and b) what are the most cost effective technological solutions for meeting load balancing requirements in the Northwest Power Pool (NWPP).

  10. Permit Allocation in Emissions Trading using the Boltzmann Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Ji-Won; Isard, Walter

    2011-01-01

    In emissions trading, the initial permit allocation is an intractable issue because it needs to be essentially fair to the participating countries. There are many ways to distribute a given total amount of emissions permits among countries, but the existing distribution methods such as auctioning and grandfathering have been debated. Here we describe a new model for permit allocation in emissions trading using the Boltzmann distribution. The Boltzmann distribution is introduced to permit allocation by combining it with concepts in emissions trading. A price determination mechanism for emission permits is then developed in relation to the {\\beta} value in the Boltzmann distribution. Finally, it is demonstrated how emissions permits can be practically allocated among participating countries in empirical results. The new allocation model using the Boltzmann distribution describes a most probable, natural, and unbiased distribution of emissions permits among multiple countries. Based on its simplicity and versati...

  11. Initial Northwest Power Act Power Sales Contracts : Final Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 2, Appendices A--L.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1992-01-01

    This report consists of appendices A-L of the final environmental impact statement for the Bonneville Power Administration. The appendices provide information on the following: Ninth circuit Court opinion in Forelaws on Board v. Johnson; guide to Northwest Power act contracts; guide to hydro operations; glossary; affected environment supporting documentation; environmental impacts of generic resource types; information on models used; technical information on analysis; public involvement activities; bibliography; Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act; and biological assessment. (CBS)

  12. MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU Fruit Team Apple Maturity Report 2013 Northwest Region, Report Number 2 September 11, 2013 will be testing apples for maturity for 2013, and results will be sent via fax and email to past apple maturity/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_resources_and_reports#NWMIAppleMaturityReps Reports for other regions around the state can be viewed at http://msue.anr.msu.edu/resources/apple

  13. Effects of climate change on Pacific Northwest water-related resources: Summary of preliminary findings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, M.J.; Sands, R.D.; Vail, L.W.; Chatters, J.C.; Neitzel, D.A.; Shankle, S.A.

    1993-12-01

    The Pacific Northwest Case Study is a multi-agency analysis of atmospheric/climatic change impacts on the Pacific Northwest (which includes Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and portions of the Columbia River Basin in Western Montana). The purpose of the case study, which began in fiscal year 1991, was to develop and test analytical tools, as well as to develop an assessment of the effects of climate change on climate-sensitive natural resources of the Pacific Northwest and economic sectors dependent on them. The overall study, jointly funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Environmental Protection Agency, was a broad-based, reconnaissance-level study to identify potential climate impacts on agriculture, coastal resources, forest resources, and irrigation in the Pacific Northwest. DOE participated in the reconnaissance study, with responsibility for hydroelectric and water supply issues. While this report briefly discusses a broader array of water issues, attention is mainly focused on three aspects of the water study: (1) the effects of the region`s higher temperatures on the demand for electric power (which in turn puts additional demand on hydroelectric resources of the region); (2) the effects of higher temperatures and changes, both in precipitation amounts and seasonality, on river flows and hydroelectric supply; and (3) the effect of higher temperatures and changed precipitation amounts and seasonality on salmonid resources -- particularly the rearing conditions in tributaries of the Columbia River Basin. Because the meaning of regional climate forecasts is still quite uncertain, most of the preliminary findings are based on sensitivity analyses and historical analog climate scenarios.

  14. Proceedings: Second Annual Pacific Northwest Alternative and Renewable Energy Resources Conference.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-01-01

    Papers presented at the conference are published in this volume. The purpose of the conference was to solicit regional cooperation in the promoting of near-term development of such alternative and renewable energy resources in the Pacific Northwest as: cogeneration; biomass; wind; small hydro; solar end-use applications; and geothermal direct heat utilization. Separate abstracts of selected papers were prepared for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

  15. Self Potential At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk,SageScheucoSedco Hills,Information Hualalai Northwest Rift

  16. Economic and Emissions Implications of Load-Based, Source-based and First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under California AB32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yihsu; Liu, Andrew L.; Hobbs, Benjamin F.

    2008-01-01

    cates in a load-based emissions trading scheme. Technicaland First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under Californiaand First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under California

  17. The Renewed Neomercantilism and the Persistent Legacy of the Developmental State in Korea : Free Trade Agreements with Chile and with the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Taekyoon

    2012-01-01

    The social construction of free trade: the European Union,Power Politics and the Free Trade Bandwagon." ComparativeKrueger, Anne O. 1995. Free trade agreements versus customs

  18. World Literature and Economic Hegemony: Free-Trade Imperialism and 'Whole Populations Conjured Out of the Ground' in The Communist Manifesto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andre, Chris

    1996-01-01

    and Economic Hegemony: Free-Trade Imperialism and 'Wholeand Economic Hegemony: Free-Trade Imperialism and 'Wholedevelopment of British free-trade imperialism, while Marx

  19. Marketing energy conservation options to Northwest manufactured home buyers. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendrickson, P.L.; Mohler, B.L.; Taylor, Z.T.; Lee, A.D.; Onisko, S.A.

    1985-10-01

    Manufactured, or HUD-Code, homes comprise a growing share of the housing stock in the Northwest, as well as nationally. Their relatively low cost has made them especially attractive to lower income families, first-time home-buyers, and retired persons. The characteristics of manufactured home (MH) buyers, the unique energy consumption characteristics of the homes, and their increasing market share make this market an especially critical one for energy consumption and conservation planning in the Northwest. This study relies on extensive, existing survey data and new analyses to develop information that can potentially assist the design of a marketing plan to achieve energy conservation in new manufactured homes. This study has the objective of assisting BPA in the development of a regional approach in which numerous organizations and parties would participate to achieve conservation in new manufactured homes. A previous survey and information collected for this study from regional dealers and manufacturers provide an indication of the energy conservation options being sold to manufactured home buyers in the PNW. Manufacturers in the Northwest appear to sell homes that usually exceed the HUD thermal requirements. Manufacturers typically offer efficiency improvements in packages that include fixed improvements in insulation levels, glazing, and infiltration control. Wholesale costs of these packages range from about $100 to $1500. Typical packages include significant upgrades in floor insulation values with modest upgrades in ceilings and walls. This study identifies trends and impacts that a marketing plan should consider to adequately address the financial concerns of manufactured home buyers.

  20. Within-Industry Technological Specialization, Collective Action, and Trade Policy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urbanski, Piotr

    2015-01-21

    . I tie this with the logic of collective action and classical trade models to de- 6See Jones (2009). Also Wuchty et al. (2007); Jones et al. 2007. 6 rive an industry’s ability and intensity of lobbying over trade policy. The proposed theory helps us... has continued to de- velop. Arguably at an ever increasing rate. However, some industries have developed faster than others. At the same time some sectors of the American economy have lib- eralized more or less. Are the two trends related...

  1. Asia-Pacific focus of coming LNG trade boom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-16

    This paper reports that the Asia-Pacific region remains the centerpiece of a booming world trade in liquefied natural gas. Biggest growth in LNG demand is expected from some of the region's strongest economies such as Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, Key LNG exporters such as Brunei, Malaysia, and Indonesia are scrambling to implement projects to meet that expected demand growth. Uncertainties cloud the outlook for Far East LNG trade, Australia, for one, is more cautious in pressing expansion of its LNG export capacity as more competing LNG expansions spring up around the world, notably in the Middle East and Africa.

  2. Credit Trading and Wind Power: Issues and Opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Rackstraw, John Palmisano

    2001-01-15

    OAK-B135 This paper focuses on credits that are derived from wind energy technology, but the same concepts apply to other renewable energy technologies as well. Credit trading can be applied to a wide variety of policies, programs and private market activities and represents a means of tapping into revenue streams that heretofore have largely excluded wind and other renewables. In addition, credit trading can help to ''create'' new revenue streams for wind and other renewables by helping to grow new markets.

  3. Using Section 111 of the Clean Air Act for Cap-and-Trade of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Obstacles and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enion, Rhead M.

    2012-01-01

    focused nitro- gen oxide emissions-trading program for largeNSPS program could use emissions trading, including cap-and-regulations that allow emissions trading, to achieve GHG

  4. Clothes washer standards in China -- The problem of water and energy trade-offs in establishing efficiency standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biermayer, Peter J.; Lin, Jiang

    2004-01-01

    the Problem of Water and Energy Trade-offs in Establishingthe Problem of Water and Energy Trade-offs in Establishinga trade-off between water and energy savings Uses more water

  5. Commodity Money Equilibrium in a Walrasian Trading Post Model: An Elementary Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STARR, ROSS M

    2005-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:This pattern of trade poses a problem. It is not anin a Walrasian Trading Post Model: An Elementary Example

  6. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with transaction Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STARR, ROSS M

    2005-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the the- orist is this:Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction2 commodity-pairwise trading posts. Bid and ask prices are

  7. Commodity Money Equilibrium in a Walrasian Trading Post Model: An Example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2006-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:This pattern of trade poses a problem. It is not anin a Walrasian Trading Post Model: An Elementary Example BY

  8. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy With Transaction Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2007-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:equilibrium. The trading post model endogenously generates aExchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction

  9. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in A Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2007-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with TransactionExchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction

  10. Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limpaitoon, Tanachai

    2012-01-01

    permits for any permit trading among energy producers. ISO’swholesale power trading in Germany Power and Energy Societytrading: strategically manipu- lating permit price through fringe firms. Applied Energy,

  11. Allocating emissions permits in cap-and-trade programs: Theory and evidence Preliminary.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith

    emissions trading program are used to analyze these relationships empirically. I ...nd robust evidence an important a factor in the widespread adoption of emissions trading programs. More recently, a third design

  12. The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Proto-Type Global System?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2008-01-01

    The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

  13. The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Prototype Global System?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

  14. Carbon tax is superior to cap-and-trade Jonas Nycander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nycander, Jonas

    . #12;Figure 1. Market price in EUR/ton CO2 of emissions allowances in the European Emissions Trading that produce electricity mainly from coal. In 2005 the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) began. The emissions

  15. THE POTENTIAL FOR CO2 EMISSIONS TRADING IN TRANSPORT: THE CASE OF PERSONAL VEHICLES AND FREIGHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 THE POTENTIAL FOR CO2 EMISSIONS TRADING IN TRANSPORT: THE CASE OF PERSONAL VEHICLES AND FREIGHT, it is of some interest to explore the inclusion of road transport in emission trading schemes. Starting from

  16. The impact of trade costs on rare earth exports : a stochastic frontier estimation approach.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanyal, Prabuddha; Brady, Patrick Vane; Vugrin, Eric D.

    2013-09-01

    The study develops a novel stochastic frontier modeling approach to the gravity equation for rare earth element (REE) trade between China and its trading partners between 2001 and 2009. The novelty lies in differentiating betweenbehind the border' trade costs by China and theimplicit beyond the border costs' of China's trading partners. Results indicate that the significance level of the independent variables change dramatically over the time period. While geographical distance matters for trade flows in both periods, the effect of income on trade flows is significantly attenuated, possibly capturing the negative effects of financial crises in the developed world. Second, the total export losses due tobehind the border' trade costs almost tripled over the time period. Finally, looking atimplicit beyond the border' trade costs, results show China gaining in some markets, although it is likely that some countries are substituting away from Chinese REE exports.

  17. Behind the Multilateral Trading System: Legal Indigenization and the WTO in Comparative Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Lijuan

    2012-05-31

    of law, and segmentation of power in its political regime. Section II examines international trade disputes involving the United States as respondent and reveals certain U.S. ideologies challenged by its trading partners, such as the relationship between...

  18. The Causes of Trade Globalization: A Political-Economy and World-Systems Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Roy

    2011-01-01

    H. 2002. ?Europe and the Causes of Globalization, 1790-2000?there are a number of causes of trade, the most important ofwe now find that it ?Granger causes? trade globalization. In

  19. Inves&ga&ng the Trade-Off between Luminous Efficacy of Radia&on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Inves&ga&ng the Trade-Off between Luminous Efficacy of Radia&on and Color, Canada · Lorne Whitehead, Canada #12;Inves&ga&ng the Trade-Off between Luminous

  20. Fuel Consumption and NOx Trade-offs on a Port-Fuel-Injected SI...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Consumption and NOx Trade-offs on a Port-Fuel-Injected SI Gasoline Engine Equipped with a Lean-NOx Trap Fuel Consumption and NOx Trade-offs on a Port-Fuel-Injected SI Gasoline...