National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for north africa source

  1. High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

  2. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  3. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  4. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  5. Mediterraneità and modernità : architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaren, Brian L. (Brian Lloyd), 1958-

    2001-01-01

    This dissertation examines the intersection of the modern and the colonial in architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa from 1911 to 1943. Rather than see the colonies as merely a ...

  6. The tobacco industry's activities to undermine tobacco control efforts in Egypt and North Africa, Arabic version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01

    2025048141. PM 2025048147. Egypt Law 52. 13 November 1981.Type A priorities for Egypt, North Africa and Sub-SaharanPM 2501066214. PM 2025840642. Egypt Area V5-Year Plan, 1981–

  7. Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bounoua, Lahouari; Kahime, Kholoud; Houti, Leila; Blakey, Tara; Ebi, Kristie L.; Zhang, Ping; Imhoff, Marc L.; Thome, Kurtis; Dudek, Claire; Sahabi, Salah A.; Messouli, Mohammed; Makhlouf, Baghdad; EI Laamrani, Abderahmane; Boumezzough, Ali

    2013-08-20

    Shifts in surface climate may have changed the dynamic of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) in the pre-Saharan zones of North Africa. Caused by Leishmania major, this form multiplies in the body of rodents serving as reservoirs of the disease. The parasite is then transmitted to human hosts by the bite of a Phlebotomine sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) that was previously fed by biting an infected reservoir. We examine the seasonal and interannual dynamics of the incidence of this ZCL as a function of surface climate indicators in two regions covering a large area of the semi-arid Pre-Saharan North Africa. Results suggest that in this area, changes in climate may have initiated a trophic cascade that resulted in an increase in ZCL incidence.

  8. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  9. North Village Ground Source Heat Pumps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Overview: Installation of Ground Source Heat Pumps. Replacement of Aging Heat Pumps. Alignment with Furmans Sustainability Goals.

  10. 200 North Aggregate Area source AAMS report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-01

    This report presents the results of an aggregate area management study (AAMS) for the 200 North Aggregate Area in the 200 Areas of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in Washington State. This scoping level study provides the basis for initiating Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) activities under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigations (RFI) and Corrective Measures Studies (CMS) under RCRA. This report also integrates select RCRA treatment, storage, or disposal (TSD) closure activities with CERCLA and RCRA past practice investigations.

  11. A review of "An Intrepid Scott: William Lithgow of Lanark's Travels in the Ottoman Lands, North Africa, and Central Europe, 1609 - 21" by Clifford Edmund Bosworth 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aune, M. G.

    2008-01-01

    most appropriately be found in Friends? meeting houses, rather than on the shelves of university libraries. Clifford Edmund Bosworth. An Intrepid Scot: William Lithgow of Lanark?s Travels in the Ottoman Lands, North Africa, and Central Europe, 1609... and early 20th centuries in particular saw a renewed interest in early modern travel writing. Scholarly attention, especially in the writings of the Middle East, Asia, and North Africa, also increased after mid-century. Michael Strachan produced an elegant...

  12. Hazard/Risk Assessment SOURCES OF ENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING COMPOUNDS IN NORTH CAROLINA WATERWAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwak, Thomas J.

    Hazard/Risk Assessment SOURCES OF ENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING COMPOUNDS IN NORTH CAROLINA WATERWAYSDepartment of Applied Ecology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina zDepartment of Biological Sciences,, Program in Environmental & Molecular Toxicology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North

  13. Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mlllet, Dylan B.

    Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use Dylan B. Millet,*, Eric Apel, Daven K. Henze,§ Jason Hill, Julian D. Marshall, Hanwant B-Chem chemical transport model to constrain present-day North American ethanol sources, and gauge potential long

  14. The Continental Margin is a Key Source of Iron to the HNLC North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Continental Margin is a Key Source of Iron to the HNLC North Pacific Ocean Phoebe J. Lam1 concentrations in the upper 500m of the Western Subarctic Pacific, an iron-limited High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll a key source of bioavailable Fe to the HNLC North Pacific. Keywords: iron, continental margin, HNLC 1

  15. Seismicity in Central North Africa at low magnitudes: A first look at the TAM event detected data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harben, P.E.,

    1997-01-01

    Teleseismic observations of seismicity in the central North Africa region show that the region is aseismic. This is true for earthquakes with a body wave magnitude greater than about 4 or so. For earthquakes with body wave magnitudes substantially below about 4, the teleseismic observations of seismicity in the central Sahara are incomplete since smaller earthquakes would probably not be detected and located by the current teleseismic monitoring networks. Only one known open seismic station has been operating in the central Sahara. This is the Tamanrasset (TAM) seismic station in southern Algeria. A simple analysis of data records from this station can be used to determine if the central Sahara is also relatively aseismic at magnitudes substantially below 4. That is the primary purpose of this study.

  16. Methane in the southern North Sea: Sources, spatial distribution and budgets Maik Grunwald a,*, Olaf Dellwig a,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dippner, Joachim W.

    Methane in the southern North Sea: Sources, spatial distribution and budgets Maik Grunwald a December 2008 Keywords: methane North Sea Wadden Sea Weser pore water budget calculation a b s t r a c t Measurements of methane (CH4) so far have always shown supersaturation in the entire North Sea relative

  17. Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mlllet, Dylan B.

    S1 Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use Dylan B. Millet*,1 , Eric Apel2 , Daven K. Henze3 , Jason Hill1 , Julian D. Marshall1 INFORMATION Supporting Information contains a total of 12 pages, 1 table, and 7 figures. 1. AIRBORNE ETHANOL

  18. Basic physics program for a low energy antiproton source in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonner, B.E.; Nieto, M.M.

    1987-01-01

    We summarize much of the important science that could be learned at a North American low energy antiproton source. It is striking that there is such a diverse and multidisciplinary program that would be amenable to exploration. Spanning the range from high energy particle physics to nuclear physics, atomic physics, and condensed matter physics, the program promises to offer many new insights into these disparate branches of science. It is abundantly clear that the scientific case for rapidly proceeding towards such a capability in North America is both alluring and strong. 38 refs., 2 tabs.

  19. OPTICAL IMAGES AND SOURCE CATALOG OF AKARI NORTH ECLIPTIC POLE WIDE SURVEY FIELD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeon, Yiseul; Im, Myungshin; Lee, Induk [Center for the Exploration of the Origin of the Universe (CEOU), Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Shillim-Dong, Kwanak-Gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Ibrahimov, Mansur [Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute, 33 Astronomicheskaya str., Tashkent, 100052 (Uzbekistan); Lee, Hyung Mok; Lee, Myung Gyoon, E-mail: ysjeon@astro.snu.ac.k, E-mail: mim@astro.snu.ac.k [Astronomy Program, FPRD, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Shillim-Dong, Kwanak-Gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-09-15

    We present the source catalog and the properties of the B-, R-, and I-band images obtained to support the AKARI North Ecliptic Pole Wide (NEP-Wide) survey. The NEP-Wide is an AKARI infrared imaging survey of the north ecliptic pole covering a 5.8 deg{sup 2} area over 2.5-6 {mu}m wavelengths. The optical imaging data were obtained at the Maidanak Observatory in Uzbekistan using the Seoul National University 4k x 4k Camera on the 1.5 m telescope. These images cover 4.9 deg{sup 2} where no deep optical imaging data are available. Our B-, R-, and I-band data reach the depths of {approx}23.4, {approx}23.1, and {approx}22.3 mag (AB) at 5{sigma}, respectively. The source catalog contains 96,460 objects in the R band, and the astrometric accuracy is about 0.''15 at 1{sigma} in each R.A. and decl. direction. These photometric data will be useful for many studies including identification of optical counterparts of the infrared sources detected by AKARI, analysis of their spectral energy distributions from optical through infrared, and the selection of interesting objects to understand the obscured galaxy evolution.

  20. The potential source of dissolved aluminum from resuspended sediments to the North Atlantic deep water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moran, S.B.; Moore, R.M. (Dalhousie Univ., Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada))

    1991-10-01

    Laboratory and field studies were conducted to investigate the significance of resuspended sediments as a source of dissolved Al to the deep northwest Atlantic. Sediment resuspension experiments demonstrate the effect on dissolved Al concentration (initially 11 nM) of adding natural suspended sediments (ca. 0.1-10 mg/L) to seawater. The concentration of dissolved Al increased by the resuspension of sediments; for example, addition of 0.15 mg/L sediments caused dissolved Al to increase by 10 nM. Distributions of dissolved and leachable particulate Al off the tail of the Grand Banks, near the high-energy western boundary current, show elevated levels in the near-bottom waters. The authors suggest that resuspended sediments associated with nepheloid layers along the western boundary of the North Atlantic are a source of dissolved Al. Strong western boundary currents provide the energy to resuspend and maintain intense nepheloid layers of sediments. Continued resuspension and deposition of sediments within the nepheloid layer promotes the release of Al from sediments to the overlying water. The Al-rich terrigenous sediments that predominate along the deep boundary of the Denmark Strait, Labrador Sea, Newfoundland and off Nova Scotia constitute a potentially significant source of dissolved Al. Release of Al from resuspended sediments associated with nepheloid layers at a more northern location (e.g., Denmark Strait) may contribute to the near-linear increase in dissolved Al with depth observed in the deep northwest Atlantic.

  1. Mother Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdulmelik, Nebila

    2009-01-01

    and strong LIVE LONG MOTHER AFRICA! About the author: NebilaMOTHER AFRICA Ailing pains that never seem to go awaydespite the strife Mother AFRICA Although they will burden

  2. Technical and Political Assessment of Peaceful Nuclear Power Program Prospects in North Africa and the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Windsor, Lindsay K.; Kessler, Carol E.

    2007-09-11

    An exceptional number of Middle Eastern and North African nations have recently expressed interest in developing nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Many of these countries have explored nuclear research in limited ways in the past, but the current focused interest and application of resources towards developing nuclear-generated electricity and nuclear-powered desalination plants is unprecedented. Consequently, questions arise in response to this emerging trend: What instigated this interest? To what end(s) will a nuclear program be applied? Does the country have adequate technical, political, legislative, nonproliferation, and safety infrastructure required for the capability desired? If so, what are the next steps for a country in preparation for a future nuclear program? And if not, what collaboration efforts are possible with the United States or others? This report provides information on the capabilities and interests of 13 countries in the region in nuclear energy programs in light of safety, nonproliferation and security concerns. It also provides information useful for determining potential for offering technical collaboration, financial aid, and/or political support.

  3. Trends and challenges in global arms control regimes: Implications for the Mediterranean, North Africa, and the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, R.F. II

    1994-06-01

    In another sense, however, the nuclear age and ballistic missiles long ago created a much smaller world in which the distinctions between global and regional security have been lessened. In an age of weapons of mass destruction, any point on the earth can find itself suddenly at the center of world attention. This makes it all the more important that we understand all of the arms control tools available, including global approaches. In discussing global arms control regimes, I will focus primarily on those that are open to universal membership such as the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) or which have global reach, such as certain export control and supplier regimes. It is important to remember, however, that certain regional, bilateral, and even unilateral arms control measures can have a global impact as well. One need only witness the impact of the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE). Despite its mere {open_quotes}Atlantic to the Urals{close_quotes} focus, the CFE treaty helped change the political and strategic calculations of the entire world. Likewise, the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), with its headquarters in Vienna, is centered on Europe but spreads from Vancouver to Vladivostok (or perhaps we should say from Amchitka to Kamchatka), circumnavigating much of the northern hemisphere when measured the long way around via North America. The political significance of its successes and failures outdistance CSCE`s geographical spread.

  4. SOURCE AND PATHWAY DETERMINATION FOR BERYLLIUM FOUND IN BECHTEL NEVADA NORTH LAS VEGAS FACILITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BECHTEL NEVADA

    2004-07-01

    In response to the report ''Investigation of Beryllium Exposure Cases Discovered at the North Las Vegas Facility of the National Nuclear Security Administration'', published by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) in August 2003, Bechtel Nevada (BN) President and General Manager Dr. F. A. Tarantino appointed the Beryllium Investigation & Assessment Team (BIAT) to identify both the source and pathway for the beryllium found in the North Las Vegas (NLV) B-Complex. From September 8 to December 18, 2003, the BIAT investigated the pathway for beryllium and determined that a number of locations existed at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) which could have contained sufficient quantities of beryllium to result in contamination if transported. Operations performed in the B-1 Building as a result of characterization activities at the Engine Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly (EMAD); Reactor Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly (RMAD); Test Cells A and C; and the Central Support Facility in Area 25 had the greatest opportunity for transport of beryllium. Investigative monitoring and sampling was performed at these sites with subsequent transport of sample materials, equipment, and personnel from the NTS to the B-1 Building. The timeline established by the BIAT for potential transport of the beryllium contamination into the B-1 Building was from September 1997 through November 2002. Based on results of recently completed swipe sampling, no evidence of transport of beryllium from test areas has been confirmed. Results less than the DOE beryllium action level of 0.2 ???g/100 cm2 were noted for work support facilities located in Area 25. All of the identified sites in Area 25 worked within the B-1 tenant's residency timeline have been remediated. Legacy contaminants have either been disposed of or capped with clean borrow material. As such, no current opportunity exists for release or spread of beryllium contamination. Historical records indicate that there are locations at the NTS which contain hazardous quantities of beryllium; however, because beryllium was not always considered a contaminant of concern, complete characterization was not performed prior to remediation efforts. Today, it is not practical to characterize Area 25 for beryllium due to the successful remediation. Analysis of sample data collected in B-1 for the BIAT was performed for the purpose of confirming past results and identifying a source of beryllium through the use of markers. The results confirmed the presence of man-made beryllium contamination in the B-1 High Bay at levels consistent with the NNSA Report. No source markers were found that would be associated with NTS historical nuclear rocket or weapons-related operations. Beryllium contamination was identified in the southwest area of the B-1 High Bay in characteristic association with materials handled during historic metal-working operations. Use of source marker analysis suggests a contributor of beryllium found in carpeted areas of the B-Complex may be naturally occurring. Naturally occurring beryllium is not regulated by Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 850 (10 CFR 850) (see Appendix A). No current uncontrolled beryllium source or transport pathways have been identified as available for spread of contamination to uncontrolled areas from the NTS.

  5. North America Europe Central &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Matthew

    1 North America Western Europe Central & Eastern Europe Latin America & Caribbean Middle East Europe Central & Eastern Europe Latin America & Caribbean Middle East & Central Asia Asia Pacific Africa Per capita consumption Population (100 millions) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 North America Western Europe

  6. Characterization of the radon source in North-Central Florida. Final report part 1 -- Final project report; Final report part 2 -- Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    This report contains two separate parts: Characterization of the Radon Source in North-Central Florida (final report part 1 -- final project report); and Characterization of the Radon Source in North-Central Florida (technical report). The objectives were to characterize the radon 222 source in a region having a demonstrated elevated indoor radon potential and having geology, lithology, and climate that are different from those in other regions of the U.S. where radon is being studied. Radon availability and transport in this region were described. Approaches for predicting the radon potential of lands in this region were developed.

  7. Moment Tensors and Other Source Parameters of Mining-Induced Earthquakes in TauTona Mine, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    intersect a void (tunnel or stope) and cause collapse, whereas only small events result in explosive sources-driven closure of tunnels and stopes. Recently, there has been growing interest in the possibil- ity) due to collisions *Now at Risk Management Solutions, Inc., 7575 Gateway Boulevard, Newark, California

  8. Atmospheric P deposition to the subtropical North Atlantic: sources, properties, and relationship to N deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansell, Dennis

    phosphorus. Here we report measurements of phosphorus in aerosols and wet deposition at Miami and Barbados. African dust is the major aerosol P source at both Miami and Barbados, containing ~880 ppm total. Estimated SRP deposition in Barbados and Miami is 0.21 and 0.13 mmol mÀ2 dÀ1 phosphorus, respectively

  9. Natural sources of mercury in arid and semiarid landscapes of western North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustin, M.S.; Taylor, G.E. Jr. [Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Dept. of Environmental and Resource Sciences

    1994-12-31

    Mercury is enriched naturally in three global belts associated with areas in which Tertiary and Quaternary volcanism occurred. one belt, which occurs along the western margin of North America, contains concentrated and disseminated mercury occurrences in semiarid and arid biomes. Mercury enters the atmosphere from these landscapes through three processes: volatilization from enriched substrate, venting of geothermal systems, and resuspension. It is expected that the component of Hg deposited to arid landscapes through wet and dry deposition is negligible. Mercury fluxes to the atmosphere from arid and semiarid landscapes will be greater than that in more mesic environments because of the aridity and the daily amplitude in air temperatures. Resuspension may contribute significantly to the atmospheric burden of Hg due to eolian dispersal and subsequent evasion. To calculate the Hg flux from naturally enriched areas, the concentration, chemical form, and distribution of the Hg must be known. An understanding of the magnitude of natural Hg enrichment in global mercuriferous belts is important because the baseline for addressing human health and ecological risk is likely to be higher in these landscapes.

  10. Lg excitation, attenuation, and source spectral scaling in central and eastern North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, B.J.; Xie, J.; Baqer, S.

    1997-10-01

    Seismic moments and corner frequencies were obtained for many earthquakes in the central and eastern United States, and for a few events in the western United States, using the Lg phase and a recently developed inversion algorithm. Additionally, Q values for the Lg phase along paths to individual stations were obtained simultaneously with the source parameters. Both corner frequencies and magnitudes were found to vary systematically with moment. For moments between 0.15 and 400 x 10{sup 15} N-m corner frequencies vary between about 4 and 0.2 Hz while body-wave magnitude varies between about 3.5 and 5.8. A map of Lg Q values displays a systematic decrease from east and west. Maximum and minimum values are 989 and 160, respectively. Lg coda Q values were obtained for the entire United States with excellent coverage in the eastern and western portions of the country and somewhat poorer coverage in the central portion. Lg coda Q is highest (700-750) in a region of the northeastern United States that includes portions of New York and Pennsylvania and lowest (>200) in California. Lg coda Q is lower (250-450) everywhere west of Rocky Mountains than in the rest of the country (450-750). Q determinations for both the direct Lg phase and Lg coda indicate that, for an earthquake of a given magnitude, Lg and its coda will propagate much more efficiently, and cause damage over a wider area, in the eastern and central United States than it will in the United States.

  11. Mantle upwellings and convective instabilities revealed by seismic tomography and helium isotope geochemistry beneath eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montagner, Jean-Paul

    geochemistry beneath eastern Africa Jean-Paul Montagner,1 Bernard Marty,2 Ele´onore Stutzmann,1 De for North and East Africa using a high resolution three-dimensional anisotropic tomographic model derived from seismic data of a French experiment ``Horn of Africa'' and existing broadband data. The joint

  12. Africa Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie Centrum Tracking Development Falsification Award: 5000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie Centrum Tracking-Saharan Africa: the primacy of policy', on the TD project website (www.trackingdevelopment.net) under the rubric

  13. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Clientelism and the Quality of Democracy in Africa . . . .Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  14. Quantifying sources of black carbon in Western North America using observationally based analysis and an emission tagging technique in the Community Atmosphere Model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, R.; Wang, H.; Hegg, D. A.; Qian, Y.; Doherty, S. J.; Dang, C.; Ma, P.-L.; Rasch, P. J.; Fu, Q.

    2015-05-04

    The Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5), equipped with a technique to tag black carbon (BC) emissions by source regions and types, has been employed to establish source-receptor relationships for atmospheric BC and its deposition to snow over Western North America. The CAM5 simulation was conducted with meteorological fields constrained by reanalysis for year 2013 when measurements of BC in both near-surface air and snow are available for model evaluation. We find that CAM5 has a significant low bias in predicted mixing ratios of BC in snow but only a small low bias in predicted atmospheric concentrations over the Northwest USA andmore »West Canada. Even with a strong low bias in snow mixing ratios, radiative transfer calculations show that the BC-in-snow darkening effect is substantially larger than the BC dimming effect at the surface by atmospheric BC. Local sources contribute more to near-surface atmospheric BC and to deposition than distant sources, while the latter are more important in the middle and upper troposphere where wet removal is relatively weak. Fossil fuel (FF) is the dominant source type for total column BC burden over the two regions. FF is also the dominant local source type for BC column burden, deposition, and near-surface BC, while for all distant source regions combined the contribution of biomass/biofuel (BB) is larger than FF. An observationally based Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) analysis of the snow-impurity chemistry is conducted to quantitatively evaluate the CAM5 BC source-type attribution. While CAM5 is qualitatively consistent with the PMF analysis with respect to partitioning of BC originating from BB and FF emissions, it significantly underestimates the relative contribution of BB. In addition to a possible low bias in BB emissions used in the simulation, the model is likely missing a significant source of snow darkening from local soil found in the observations.« less

  15. Quantifying sources of black carbon in western North America using observationally based analysis and an emission tagging technique in the Community Atmosphere Model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, R.; Wang, H.; Hegg, D. A.; Qian, Y.; Doherty, S. J.; Dang, C.; Ma, P.-L.; Rasch, P. J.; Fu, Q.

    2015-11-18

    The Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5), equipped with a technique to tag black carbon (BC) emissions by source regions and types, has been employed to establish source–receptor relationships for atmospheric BC and its deposition to snow over western North America. The CAM5 simulation was conducted with meteorological fields constrained by reanalysis for year 2013 when measurements of BC in both near-surface air and snow are available for model evaluation. We find that CAM5 has a significant low bias in predicted mixing ratios of BC in snow but only a small low bias in predicted atmospheric concentrations over northwestern USA and westernmore »Canada. Even with a strong low bias in snow mixing ratios, radiative transfer calculations show that the BC-in-snow darkening effect is substantially larger than the BC dimming effect at the surface by atmospheric BC. Local sources contribute more to near-surface atmospheric BC and to deposition than distant sources, while the latter are more important in the middle and upper troposphere where wet removal is relatively weak. Fossil fuel (FF) is the dominant source type for total column BC burden over the two regions. FF is also the dominant local source type for BC column burden, deposition, and near-surface BC, while for all distant source regions combined the contribution of biomass/biofuel (BB) is larger than FF. An observationally based positive matrix factorization (PMF) analysis of the snow-impurity chemistry is conducted to quantitatively evaluate the CAM5 BC source-type attribution. While CAM5 is qualitatively consistent with the PMF analysis with respect to partitioning of BC originating from BB and FF emissions, it significantly underestimates the relative contribution of BB. In addition to a possible low bias in BB emissions used in the simulation, the model is likely missing a significant source of snow darkening from local soil found in the observations.« less

  16. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  17. University of North Carolina Basic Spending Guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    University of North Carolina Wilmington Basic Spending Guidelines by Fund Source July 1, 2009 University of North Carolina Wilmington Basic Spending Guidelines by Fund Source #12;1 Table of Contents July

  18. A new species of CrypllOnectria from South Africa and Australia, pathogenic to Eucalyptus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A new species of CrypllOnectria from South Africa and Australia, pathogenic to Eucalyptus Marieka- genic to Eucalyptus. - Sydowia 54(1): 98-117. Endothia gyrosa causes cankers on several hardwood genera in North America, but occurs only on Eucalyptus spp. in South Africa and Australia. Previously, Australian

  19. 830 nature physics | VOL 6 | NOVEMBER 2010 | www.nature.com/naturephysics Material progress in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    progress in Africa Nithaya Chetty, Richard M. Martin and Sandro Scandolo A school on computational to the development of research in Africa. T hroughout the African Union, there is tacit understanding be the source of advancement and cooperation, with the potential to overcome political barriers within Africa

  20. West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(266) Contributor...

  1. Source Characterization and Temporal Variation of Methane Seepage from Thermokarst Lakes on the Alaska North Slope in Response to Arctic Climate Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-09-30

    The goals of this research were to characterize the source, magnitude and temporal variability of methane seepage from thermokarst lakes (TKL) within the Alaska North Slope gas hydrate province, assess the vulnerability of these areas to ongoing and future arctic climate change and determine if gas hydrate dissociation resulting from permafrost melting is contributing to the current lake emissions. Analyses were focused on four main lake locations referred to in this report: Lake Qalluuraq (referred to as Lake Q) and Lake Teshekpuk (both on Alaska?s North Slope) and Lake Killarney and Goldstream Bill Lake (both in Alaska?s interior). From analyses of gases coming from lakes in Alaska, we showed that ecological seeps are common in Alaska and they account for a larger source of atmospheric methane today than geologic subcap seeps. Emissions from the geologic source could increase with potential implications for climate warming feedbacks. Our analyses of TKL sites showing gas ebullition were complemented with geophysical surveys, providing important insight about the distribution of shallow gas in the sediments and the lake bottom manifestation of seepage (e.g., pockmarks). In Lake Q, Chirp data were limited in their capacity to image deeper sediments and did not capture the thaw bulb. The failure to capture the thaw bulb at Lake Q may in part be related to the fact that the present day lake is a remnant of an older, larger, and now-partially drained lake. These suggestions are consistent with our analyses of a dated core of sediment from the lake that shows that a wetland has been present at the site of Lake Q since approximately 12,000 thousand years ago. Chemical analyses of the core indicate that the availability of methane at the site has changed during the past and is correlated with past environmental changes (i.e. temperature and hydrology) in the Arctic. Discovery of methane seeps in Lake Teshekpuk in the northernmost part of the lake during 2009 reconnaissance surveys provided a strong impetus to visit this area in 2010. The seismic methods applied in Lake Teshekpuk were able to image pockmarks, widespread shallow gas in the sediments, and the relationship among different sediment packages on the lake?s bottom, but even boomer seismics did not detect permafrost beneath the northern part of the lake. By characterizing the biogeochemistry of shallow TKL with methane seeps we showed that the radical seasonal shifts in ice cover and temperature. These seasonal environmental differences result in distinct consumption and production processes of biologically-relevant compounds. The combined effects of temperature, ice-volume and other lithological factors linked to seepage from the lake are manifest in the distribution of sedimentary methane in Lake Q during icecovered and ice-free conditions. The biogeochemistry results illustrated very active methanotrophy in TKLs. Substantial effort was subsequently made to characterize the nature of methanotrophic communities in TKLs. We applied stable isotope probing approaches to genetically characterize the methanotrophs most active in utilizing methane in TKLs. Our study is the first to identify methane oxidizing organisms active in arctic TKLs, and revealing that type I methanotrophs and type II methanotrophs are abundant and active in assimilating methane in TKLs. These organisms play an important role in limiting the flux of methane from these sites. Our investigations indicate that as temperatures increase in the Arctic, oxidation rates and active methanotrophic populations will also shift. Whether these changes can offset predicted increases in methanogenesis is an important question underlying models of future methane flux and resultant climate change. Overall our findings indicate that TKLs and their ability to act as both source and sink of methane are exceedingly sensitive to environmental change.

  2. Artful Adventures Arts of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    Artful Adventures Arts of Africa #12;sculpture AfricA, one of the oldest inhabited areas on earth;Headrests Tsonga artist (South Africa or Mozambique), Double headrest with snuff containers (isigqiki), late Africa. People rested their heads on them to protect their elaborate hairstyles while they slept

  3. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure...

  4. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

  5. Permocoleus, New Genus, the First Permian Beetle (Coleoptera) from North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubkin, Sara H.; Engel, Michael S.

    2005-01-01

    . Until now, Permian Coleoptera were known only from Europe, Australia, southern Africa, and South America but were conspicuously absent from North America, despite the Wellington Formation being among the most diverse deposits of Permian insects...

  6. Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahlberg, Meredith A.

    2011-01-01

    Paulla A. 2002. Performing Africa. Princeton, NJ: Princeton30 (3): 847–861. Dzidzienyo, Anani. 1999. “Africa-Brazil: ‘Ex Africa Semper Aliquid Novi’? ” In Black Brazil: Culture,

  7. MFR PAPER 1160 Assessment of North Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    catchers under the jurisdiction of IWC members-in- cluding the "North Pacific Rim" gov- ernments of CanadaMFR PAPER 1160 Assessment of North Pacific Stocks of Whales management of these valuable re- sources. The following report reviews the status of whales and whaling in the north Pacific and summarizes

  8. The Origin and Early Cultivation of Sorghums in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, J.A.; Kimber, C.T.; Miller, F.R.

    1983-01-01

    climatic change may have been desertification caused by over gra~ing. As the expansion and contraction of the savanna and semi-desert steppe regions north of the equator took place, the most advantageous habitats would have also moved north and south...-Bantu) from the area of eastern Nigeria and northern Cameroon through the forests to Katanga, and later on to East Africa. The proto-Bantu were a Negroid stock closely related to the Niger-Congo peopl (if not actually of that stock). While originally...

  9. Energy resources in southern Africa: a select bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavan, A.

    1981-01-01

    The aims, progress, and possibilities involved in Southern Africa's energy development are the subject of this 473-item bibliography. The primary items of information described in this document are relatively recent (1975-81), originate from both indigenous and international sources, and are mostly in English, although a few are in French and Portuguese. The presented information focuses on the African continent, the Southern African region, and the nations of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The energy source topics include alcohol, coal, gas, oil, solar, uranium, water, wind, and wood; as well as a general energy-development category.

  10. Internet Performance to Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cottrell, L

    2003-10-01

    We report the first results ever for real-time Internet performance to Africa using the PingER methodology. Multiple monitoring hosts were used to enable comparisons with performance from different parts of the world. From these preliminary measurements, we have found that Internet packet losses to some African sites in recent months range from very poor to bad (> 12%), some getting better, others are holding steady or getting worse. This, together with the average monthly Round Trip Times, imply end-to-end maximum TCP throughputs that are order of magnitudes different between countries in the region. Africa is shown to be far from the Internet performance in industrialized nations due to the poor infrastructure in place today. These monitoring efforts can provide valuable information to analyze the relative rates of future improvement and today they help us to quantify the digital divide and can provide quantitative information to policy makers.

  11. Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions 1 Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions GRAIN FISH MONEY AFRICA PROGRESS REPORT 2014 #12;AFRICA PROGRESS REPORT 2014 2 #12;Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions 3 #12;#12;Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green

  12. JUDICIAL SYSTEM NORTH CAROLINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM IN NORTH CAROLINA ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE COURTS Raleigh, North Carolina #12;THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM IN NORTH CAROLINA ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE COURTS Raleigh, North Carolina / 2007 #12;Contents The North Carolina Court System............................... 3 The Appellate

  13. Astrophysics in Southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patricia A. Whitelock

    2007-07-06

    The government of South Africa has identified astronomy as a field in which their country has a strategic advantage and is consequently investing very significantly in astronomical infrastructure. South Africa now operates a 10-m class optical telescope, the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), and is one of two countries short listed to host the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), an ambitious international project to construct a radio telescope with a sensitivity one hundred times that of any existing telescope. The challenge now is to produce an indigenous community of users for these facilities, particularly from among the black population which was severely disadvantaged under the apartheid regime. In this paper I briefly describe the observing facilities in Southern Africa before going on to discuss the various collaborations that are allowing us to use astronomy as a tool for development, and at the same time to train a new generation of astronomers who will be well grounded in the science and linked to their colleagues internationally.

  14. Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa This article has been downloaded from.1088/1748-9326/7/2/024009 Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa A M MacDonald1, H C Bonsor1, B ´E ´O Dochartaigh1 and R G/024009 Abstract In Africa, groundwater is the major source of drinking water and its use for irrigation

  15. GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN AFRICA' ~-' ,, I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN FISHERIES -SQUTH-: WEST .-' AFRICA' ~-' ,, I I , I :--. .,' UN I .............................................. Regrouping of Interests ······························ Fisheries Development Corporation of South Africa, Ltd and the trawling interests, respectively. The quasi-official Fisheries Develop- ment Corporation of South Africa

  16. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    bioforti?ed crops in South Africa. ” AgBioForum, 10(3), 184–blog/ 2010/jun/21/agriculture-africa. [6] Borlaug, Norman. “Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Baihua Midling [11

  17. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country...

  18. A planning paradigm for electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa : a case study of Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimson, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    In Sub-Saharan Africa, a lack of clean electricity generation sources, poor electricity access and low levels of electricity consumption are profoundly stifling sustainable development. This thesis presents a specialized ...

  19. Ecology and geography of avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) transmission in the Middle East and northeastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Richard A.J.; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2009-07-20

    2), although not without exceptions. In other words, in general, models based on known HPAI- their environmental attributes. The details of these test results follow. Predictivity across study region The model based on all OIE points showed...- fying the poultry industry of North Africa and the Middle East [19]. Regional projection across the Middle East and northeastern Africa of HPAI-H5N1 ecological niche model results based on all OIE case occurrence pointsFigure 2 Regional projection across...

  20. CAPREx Programme Information Cambridge in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAPREx Programme Information Cambridge in Africa The Cambridge in Africa (CiA) Programme in East Africa- Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, that supports the training of African doctoral and post-doctoral researchers. It aims to strengthen Africa's own capacity for a sustainable research

  1. Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Africa's Power Sector...

  2. Is The Financial Crisis Playing Against China In Africa?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOLA NOUCK, Lucien

    2009-01-01

    University. His main area of research is China-Africa andIndia-Africa relations.Playing Against China In Africa? Introduction Since they

  3. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01

    consumption in rural Africa. Proceedings Of The NationalHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation BiologyHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation Biology

  4. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa Conference Proceedingsfrom the Lighting Africa Product Quality Assurance WorkshopSUMMARY Background Lighting Africa is a World Bank Group

  5. The Missing Connection: ICTs and Democracy in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laverty, Alexander Ryan

    2012-01-01

    the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa to use digital tools toof Expression in Africa,” in Communicating Democracy: ThePromoting Democracy in Africa. ” Democratization 7, (2000):

  6. Semidirect Dynamical and Radiative Impact of North African Dust Transport on Lower Tropospheric Clouds over the Subtropical North Atlantic in CESM 1.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeFlorio, Mike; Ghan, Steven J.; Singh, Balwinder; Miller, Arthur J.; Cayan, Dan; Russell, Lynn M.; Somerville, Richard C.

    2014-07-16

    This study uses a century length pre-industrial climate simulation by the Community Earth System Model (CESM 1.0) to explore statistical relationships between dust, clouds and atmospheric circulation, and to suggest a dynamical, rather than microphysical, mechanism linking subtropical North Atlantic lower tropospheric cloud cover with North African dust transport. The length of the run allows us to account for interannual variability of dust emissions and transport downstream of North Africa in the model. CESM’s mean climatology and probability distribution of aerosol optical depth in this region agrees well with available AERONET observations. In addition, CESM shows strong seasonal cycles of dust burden and lower tropospheric cloud fraction, with maximum values occurring during boreal summer, when a strong correlation between these two variables exists downstream of North Africa over the subtropical North Atlantic. Calculations of Estimated Inversion Strength (EIS) and composites of EIS on high and low downstream North Africa dust months during boreal summer reveal that dust is likely increasing inversion strength over this region due to both solar absorption and reflection. We find no evidence for a microphysical link between dust and lower tropospheric clouds in this region. These results yield new insight over an extensive period of time into the complex relationship between North African dust and lower tropospheric clouds over the open ocean, which has previously been hindered by spatiotemporal constraints of observations. Our findings lay a framework for future analyses using sub-monthly data over regions with different underlying dynamics.

  7. Lemba, 1650-1930: A Drum of Affliction in Africa and the New World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janzen, John M.

    1982-01-01

    , and Portuguese colonial rule, mission activity, European commercial hegemony, and mechanized transport, its three-century presence across the north-bank Lower Congo/Zaire region, and its move with slave-emigrants to the New World where it still survives, make... coast, Ikenga, the cult of the hand in Eastern Nigeria, Bwiti in Gabon, Nzila in Western Zambia, as well as Beni-Ngoma and the Kalela Dance in East Africa, and the Copper Belt, or the Isangoma diviners association in South Africa. Going beyond...

  8. AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification Research Officer (intern)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification ­ Research Officer (intern) Basics Job Title, Johannesburg Brief Description of Africa Health Placements Africa Health Placements (AHP in alignment to planned solutions. #12;AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification ­ Research Officer

  9. West Africa & the New European Common Fisheries Policy: Impacts & Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seto, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    West Africa & the New European Common Fisheries Policy:affected fisheries in West Africa, and how recently enactedWorld War II. 6 West Africa’s close proximity to Europe, its

  10. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    developing photovoltaic standards in Africa will beAfrica elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic

  11. Central and southern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1981-10-01

    Exploration in central and southern Africa continued to expand during 1980. The greatest concentration of activity was in Nigeria. However, there was considerable increase in the level of exploratory work in Cameroon and Congo. Significant new finds have been made in Ivory Coast. Geological and geophysical activity was carried out in 18 of the countries, with those in the western part having the largest share. Seismic work involved 225 party months of operation. Most of this time was spent on land, but marine operations accounted for 73,389 km of new control. Gravity and magnetic data were recorded during the marine surveys, and several large aeromagnetic projects were undertaken to obtain a total of 164,498 line km of data. Exploratory and development drilling accounted for a total of 304 wells and 2,605,044 ft (794,212 m) of hole. The 92 exploratory wells that were drilled resulted in 47 oil and gas discoveries. In development drilling 89% of the 212 wells were successful. At the end of the year, 27 exploratory wells were underway, and 34 development wells were being drilled for a total of 61. Oil production from the countries that this review covers was 918,747,009 bbl in 1980, a drop of about 9% from the previous year. Countries showing a decline in production were Nigeria, Gabon, Cabinda, and Zaire. Increases were recorded in Cameroon, Congo, and Ghana. A new country was added to the list of producers when production from the Belier field in Ivory Coast came on stream. 33 figures, 15 tables.

  12. Census Snapshot: North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Adam P.; Rosky, Clifford J; Badgett, M.V. Lee; Gates, Gary J

    2008-01-01

    NORTH CAROLINA Adam P. Romero, Public Policy Fellow Cliffordraising children in North Carolina. We compare same-sex “sex married couples in North Carolina. 1 JUNE 2008 In many

  13. Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa March Banking Division, Development Bank of Southern Africa It really is a tremendous honor to welcome you all to South Africa and to this very special symposium. We have been incredibly honored to see the guest list

  14. Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa March in South Africa. She, in her key role, saw to it that the World Cup was a smoothly run success and let me of the franchise at Coca Cola, South Africa. She has many times been honoured for her talents in advertising

  15. Welcome to the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welcome to the Third World Network- Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog September 24, 2008 15:25:42 PM Press Release >> UNCTAD 2008 Economic Development in Africa report on Trade LIberalisation Posted report PRESS RELEASE Trade liberalization has not improved Africa's export performance, says 2008 UNCTAD

  16. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    Commercial Application of GMO Crops in Africa: Burkina Faso’Sub- Saharan Africa [ 11]. GMO crops like Bt cotton provideof the key problems of the GMO movement is the privatization

  17. COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEA COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa Contract no. EIE/04/201/s07.43094 DEA Development and Energy in Africa Intelligent Energy ­ Europe (IEE) Type of action: COOPENER Key action: VKA11 is part of the COOPENER project "Development and Energy in Africa (DEA)" initiated on 1 May 2005

  18. Africa House PATRICK BROWN, Faculty Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Africa House PATRICK BROWN, Faculty Director LOKANGAKA LOSAMBE, Faculty Director PIERRETTE LUMUMBA of African cultures' role in the world. Africa House will be a valuable program in helping students develop component, Africa House offers students shared experiences as well as opportunities for participation

  19. SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA George F R Ellis A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT for the Royal Society of South Africa February 14, 2001 #12;i Preface This science policy discussion document has been written by Prof G F R Ellis (University of Cape Town) on behalf of the Royal Society of South Africa

  20. THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA by Mike Hulme Declan Conway P. Mick Kelly S. Subak Tom E. Downing CSERGE Working Paper GEC 95-12 #12;THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA by Mike Hulme Declan Affairs, and Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources, for the "Climate and Africa" project

  1. SOUTH AFRICA VCU SUMMER STUDY ABROAD | 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gough, Christopher M.

    SOUTH AFRICA VCU SUMMER STUDY ABROAD | 2015 The Global Education Office, the African American Africa. The program begins in the town of Pietermaritzburg, the capital of KwaZulu-Natal province into an exciting field of global respon- sibility and emerging democracy in South Africa. To register, visit: go

  2. North Brazil Current rings and transport of southern waters in a high resolution numerical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Brazil Current rings and transport of southern waters in a high resolution numerical of the North Brazil Current (NBC) retroflection and North Brazil Current rings. The model mean and seasonal circulation feature near the western boundary is the North Brazil Current (NBC), which has sources

  3. NRF Republic of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dintrans, Boris

    led to a new cooperation programme (PICs) dealing with air pollution and climate change in South issues 14 2.2.1 Atmospheric pollution and Climate change in southern Africa 14 2.2.2. Troposphere ozone for characterisation of pollutant transport 30 3.2.2 Modelling activities 33 4- Laboratories and scientists involved

  4. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  5. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  6. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  7. Voices of Africa Magazine The Voices of Africa Magazine proclaims that it has been founded and is dedicated to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    Voices of Africa Magazine PREAMBLE The Voices of Africa Magazine proclaims that it has been founded concerning African Diaspora at and beyond Princeton ARTICLE I Voices of Africa Section 1. The name of this student organization shall be the VOICES OF AFRICA Section 2. The words "VOICES OF AFRICA" shall

  8. Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    of incident solar energy reflected by the land surface in all directions. They determine the surface radiation map over the arid areas of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia in North Africa at 30 second (about 1 km) and 2 in climate model deserts such as the Sahara. However, solar short- wave diffuse albedos vary by a factor

  9. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    Nigeria lacks Berkeley Undergraduate Journal: Volume 24, Issue 3 Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Baihua Midling regular energy,

  10. Ecology and geography of avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) transmission in the Middle East and northeastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Richard A.J.; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2009-07-20

    2), although not without exceptions. In other words, in general, models based on known HPAI- their environmental attributes. The details of these test results follow. Predictivity across study region The model based on all OIE points showed...- fying the poultry industry of North Africa and the Middle East [19]. Regional projection across the Middle East and northeastern Africa of HPAI-H5N1 ecological nich model results b ed on all OIE case occurr nce pointsFigure 2 Regional projection across...

  11. S. AFRICA USES FIRE CRACKERS TO SCARE OFF SEALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA S. AFRICA USES FIRE CRACKERS TO SCARE OFF SEALS The South African purse -seine fisheries of ammunition per month tofishermen. Because of the great potential harm to the seal, South Africa's Division

  12. SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA Want to find out studying the multiple concerns facing South Africa as it strives to become one. Take three academically engaging courses: The History & Politics of South Africa

  13. Inventing Hoodia: Vulnerabilities and Epistemic Citizenship in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Laura A.

    2011-01-01

    feminisms in the context of Southern Africa. Her researchupon her work in Southern Africa over the past decade as ain Botswana and South Africa on issues of domestic violence

  14. The metrics and correlates of physician migration from Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arah, OA

    2007-01-01

    South Africa Kenya Ghana Liberia Gambia Ghana EthiopiaEgypt South Africa Ghana Liberia Cape Verde Algeria MoroccoGuinea-Bissau Angola Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritius São

  15. Instructional Cinema in Colonial Africa: An Historical Reappraisal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaka, Femi Okiremuete

    1999-01-01

    1937. The Africa and the Cinema, London: The Edinburgh Houseeds) _ ( 1983) British Cinema History, London: WeidenfeldJ. (1966) "Africa and the Cinema," African Statesman, No.2 (

  16. United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and...

  17. South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and...

  18. Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, Committee on Foreign Affairs Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health,...

  19. Vision North Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walz, K.

    2011-01-01

    North Texas 2050 For a Future That?s Better Than Business As Usual CATEE 2011: Planning for Sustainability ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 Three Topics ?The North Texas region ? past, present and future under... ?business as usual? ?Vision North Texas and the North Texas 2050 document ?Implications for energy conservation ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 The North Texas Region ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9...

  20. A hydrogeochemical survey of Kilimanjaro (Tanzania): implications for water sources and ages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenzie, Jeffrey M.

    A hydrogeochemical survey of Kilimanjaro (Tanzania): implications for water sources and ages Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, the highest mountain in Africa, has undergone extensive hydrologic changes over (Tanzania). Sample sources included four glaciers, seven groundwater wells, 12 rivers, 10 springs

  1. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers and the Politics of Casualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ching Kwan

    2009-01-01

    WP 2009-14 Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African WorkersCasualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves by Ching Kwan Leeapproval. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers

  2. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    flat, nothing spectacular. It is culture and history that West Africa has to o#er. Mali, where we spent. It was the center of the great medieval African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Its cities --- Timbuktu, Djenn the architecture of the cities and villages. Mali became a French colony in the 1890s, but as in all of West Africa

  3. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    flat, nothing spectacular. It is culture and history that West Africa has to offer. Mali, where we. It was the center of the great medieval African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Its cities -- Timbuktu, Djenn the architecture of the cities and villages. Mali became a French colony in the 1890s, but as in all of West Africa

  4. International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa http Agnes Nyaguthie, Oxfam-GB, Pretoria, South Africa The Important Role of Humanitarian Logistics 10 in Humanitarian Logistics: A Southern African Perspective 12:20-12:40 PM Discussion #12;1:00-2:30 PM Lunch 2

  5. North Korea: The next nuclear nightmare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.; Smith, J.R.

    1991-03-01

    The crisis in the Persian Gulf has reawakened concerns over the spread of nuclear arms. Even before its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq's history of aggression and support for international terrorism triggered fears in Washington that its acquisition of nuclear weapons might damage international stability and US interests far more than the emergence of India, Israel, Pakistan, and South Africa as de facto nuclear powers. Thus, when the Gulf War began on January 16, Iraq's nuclear sites were among the first attacked by allied air strikes. Unfortunately, Iraq has not been the only hostile proliferator looming on the horizon. North Korea, which has been no less dedicated than Iraq to the use of violence to advance its expansionist goals, has also tenaciously pursued a nuclear-weapons capability. Moreover, the North Korean program is considerably closer to bearing fruit than the Iraqi effort. And although North Korea, like Iraq, has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, unlike Iraq it has refused to conclude the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency that the treaty requires.

  6. Mode coherence at megameter ranges in the North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wage, Kathleen

    Mode coherence at megameter ranges in the North Pacific Ocean Kathleen E. Wage, Matthew A and the Acoustical Society of America. #12;Mode coherence at megameter ranges in the North Pacific Ocean Kathleen E Thermometry of Ocean Climate ATOC and Alternate Source Test AST experiments. Vertical line arrays at Hawaii

  7. The Sources of Non-discretionary Distributive Politics in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asunka, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    Família and the Shift in Lula’s Electoral Base, 2002-2006: Athat in 2006, President Lula and the PT party in Brazil drew

  8. Integrating diverse methods to understand climateland interactions in East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integrating diverse methods to understand climate­land interactions in East Africa Jennifer M-disciplinary scientists examining climate­land dynamics at multiple scales in East Africa. East Africa is a region Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Climate change; Land use; Africa; Modeling; Biocomplexity; Human

  9. Agreements --Africa 27 28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    Agreements -- Africa 27 AFRICA #12;28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements Congo of the Niger; and 6) rules for future occupation of the coast of the African continent #12;Agreements -- Africa Great Britain and France #12;Agreements -- Africa 31 Gash Total area: 40,000 km2 Area of Basin

  10. North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade North America: Regulation of International Electricity...

  11. Honda: North American Manufacturing Facilities | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Honda: North American Manufacturing Facilities Honda: North American Manufacturing Facilities From October, 2008 Honda: North American Manufacturing Facilities More Documents &...

  12. Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal on the EU side. 9/13/2010 Cameroon axes illegal logging www.africa-eu-partnership.org/print/122 1/2 #12;The goes a long way in supporting the Africa-EU Partnership on Trade, Regional Integration

  13. Sanctions Against South Africa: Strategy for the Anti-Apartheid Movement of the 1980's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danaher, Kevin

    1981-01-01

    South Africa and Sanctions: Genesis and Prospects,SANCTIONS AGAINST SOUTH AFRICA: STRATEGY FOR THE ANTI-attempts to impose sanctions against the South Africa

  14. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01

    March 1, 2013). South Africa, Republic of. National TreasuryGovernment Printer. South Africa, Republic of. Nationalpdf South Africa, Republic of. 2000a. Municipal Systems Act

  15. Performing Africa: Memory, Tradition, and Resistance in the Leimert Park Drum Circle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington, Giavanni ReShae

    2013-01-01

    Welsh-Asante. Trenton: Africa World Press. Hill, Constanceroots/American Cultures: Africa in the Creation of theInquiry. Trenton, N.J. : Africa World Press. Wondrich,

  16. Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

    2006-01-01

    program design for Africa Essel Ben Hagan, CSIR Institutemany other countries in Africa. Yet by creatively modifyingmarket transformation, Africa energy policy Table of

  17. Creating New Leaders: Youth Involvement in Community Activism in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Amber R

    2011-01-01

    and Nicolas Argenti. Young Africa: Realising the Rights ofand Youth. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2002. Debates ofSocial Imagination in Africa. ” Anthropological Quarterly.

  18. Temporal variations in temperature over Northeastern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Robby Douglas

    1994-01-01

    unavailable data from Northeastern Africa from 1900 to 1950, the data are analyzed to determine whether thermal patterns are identifiable in maximum and minimum temperatures over smaller scales in the tropics and sub-tropics. First, the Alexandersson Test...

  19. MSU at Work in Africa: Cultural Documentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are strongly committed to documenting, preserving, and making accessible the continent's cultural heritage' identifying their cultural heritage. Safeguarding and making accessible the artifacts, oral histories cultural tourism, an increasingly important draw for the international tourism trade that is Africa

  20. Virtual Global Magnetic ObservatoryVirtual Global Magnetic Observatory Network in Africa:Network in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    Virtual Global Magnetic ObservatoryVirtual Global Magnetic Observatory Network in Africa:Network in Africa: Capacity Building for ElectronicCapacity Building for Electronic Geophysical YearGeophysical Year · VGMO.NET is a middleware architecture that provides a new way for the worldwide geomagnetic community

  1. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  2. State of North Carolina UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    1 State of North Carolina UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT WILMINGTON Cash Management Plan 2013 #12;2 Statutory Policy North Carolina law, Chapter 147-86.10 of the General Statutes, requires that "all agencies as otherwise provided by law, all funds belonging to the State of North Carolina, and received by an employee

  3. Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for informing the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Dino J.

    2013-01-01

    ISSN 1948?6596  Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for http://www.springer.com/  “Africa’s  natural  habitats  are the  ecology  of  Africa…”.   These opening sentences from 

  4. Post-apartheid transformations and population change around Dwesa-Cwebe nature reserve, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Derick A

    2011-01-01

    in south and southern Africa: Dynamics and determinants (Natal. Development Southern Africa 15(4): 635–659. Fay, D.and resettlement in South Africa’s Transkei. Ph.D. thesis.

  5. Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login | Register | Shopping Cart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . But the continent has enormous potential with renewable energy sources like biomass, solar, wind, and geothermal that of Europe or North America. The fuels, derived from biomass materials such as agricultural crops and plant oils, can improve farmers' incomes, decrease dependence on foreign energy sources, and increase energy

  6. Ambient aromatic hydrocarbon measurements at Welgegund, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaars, K.; Beukes, J. P.; van Zyl, P. G.; Venter, A. D.; Josipovic, M.; Pienaar, J. J.; Vakkari, Ville; Aaltonen, H.; Laakso, H.; Kulmala, M.; Tiitta, P.; Guenther, Alex B.; Hellen, H.; Laakso, L.; Hakola, H.

    2014-07-11

    Aromatic hydrocarbons are associated with direct adverse human health effects and can have negative impacts on ecosystems due to their toxicity, as well as indirect negative effects through the formation of tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosol that affect human health, crop production and regional climate. Measurements were conducted at the Welgegund measurement station (South Africa) that is considered to be a regionally representative background site. However, the site is occasionally impacted by plumes from major anthropogenic source regions in the interior of South Africa, which include the western Bushveld Igneous Complex (e.g. platinum, base metal and ferrochrome smelters), the eastern Bushveld Igneous Complex (platinum and ferrochrome smelters), the Johannesburg-Pretoria metropolitan conurbation (>10 million people), the Vaal Triangle (e.g. petrochemical and industries), the Mpumalanga Highveld (e.g. coal-fired power plants and petrochemical industry) and also a region of anti-cyclonic recirculation of air mass over the interior of South Africa. The aromatic hydrocarbon measurements were conducted with an automated sampler on Tenax-TA and Carbopack-B adsorbent tubes with heated inlet for one year. Samples were collected twice a week for two hours during daytime and two hours 1 during night-time. A thermal desorption unit, connected to a gas chromatograph and a mass 2 selective detector was used for sample preparation and analysis. Results indicated that the 3 monthly median total aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations ranged between 0.01 to 3.1 ppb. 4 Benzene levels did not exceed local air quality standards. Toluene was the most abundant 5 species, with an annual median concentration of 0.63 ppb. No statistically significant 6 differences in the concentrations measured during daytime and night-time were found and no distinct seasonal patterns were observed. Air mass back trajectory analysis proved that the lack of seasonal cycles could be attributed to patterns determining the origin of the air masses sampled. Aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations were in general significantly higher in air masses that passed over anthropocentrically impacted regions. Interspecies correlations and ratios gave some indications of the possible sources for the different aromatic hydrocarbons in the source regions defined in the paper. The highest contribution of aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations to ozone formation potential was also observed in plumes passing over anthropocentrically impacted regions.

  7. Primitive Primate i, Neanderthal. :'-1an A. Gorilla, Africa / .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .£. Primitive Primate i, Neanderthal. :'-1an A. Gorilla, Africa / .:: Prototypal Anthropoid 8. Cro·l\\1agnon Man ' od! Primitive Anthropoid 9. Australian Blackfellow B. Chimpanzee, Africa Z /- ..J

  8. South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa and Ukraine." References "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services" Retrieved from "http:...

  9. Mathematical models and the fight against diseases in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getz, Wayne M.

    Mathematical models and the fight against diseases in Africa Wayne M.Getz a* ,Eleanor Gouws b theories. While South Africa has many talented scientists trained in quantitative methods, relatively few infrastructural investment is needed to address the health crises in Africa. Prior to the advent of HIV

  10. Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa J. Roux a*, G. Meke b , B a Introduction Plantations of non-native trees have been grown in Africa for more than 100 years.1,2 The most especially for construction timber and fuel, while in southern Africa this timber also sustains a thriving

  11. Indirect STV Election: A Voting System for South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisner, Jason

    Indirect STV Election: A Voting System for South Africa Jason Eisner University of Cape Town of which would not be appropriate for South Africa. The fourth is a promising new system called Indirect Party in South Africa has consistently engaged in this sort of strategic, anti-democratic redistricting

  12. UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human Well-being #12;#12;UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human Research (CSIR) South Africa The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do

  13. An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for the origins of herding in southern Africa Jayson Orton1 , Peter Mitchell2 , Richard Klein3 , Teresa Steele4 & K. Ann Horsburgh5 When did cattle come to South Africa? Radiocarbon dates on a newly found cow horn indicates a time

  14. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa Joseph K. Pickrella,1,2 , Nick, 2014 (received for review July 30, 2013) The history of southern Africa involved interactions between eastern Africa. In particular, we also find evidence for two admixture events in the history of Kenyan

  15. Ecological consequences of early Late Pleistocene megadroughts in tropical Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiners, Peter W.

    Ecological consequences of early Late Pleistocene megadroughts in tropical Africa Andrew S. Cohen conditions in tropical Africa occurred in several discrete episodes between 135 and 90 ka, as demonstrated]. This resulted in extraordinarily low lake levels, even in Africa's deepest lakes. On the basis of well dated

  16. AfricaAdapt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfricaAfricaAdapt Jump

  17. Energy, Industry, and Transport in South-Central Africa’s History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavhunga, Clapperton Chakanets

    2014-01-01

    Energy must be seen in interaction with transportation and industry in order for its role in South-Central Africa to be fully understood. All three—energy, industry, and transportation—are themselves always socialized and ...

  18. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors for the production of fuel crops. http://www.iol.co.za/general/news/newsprint.php?art_id=nw20071106135542969C112694&sf= (1 of 3) [11/11/2008 11:48:04 AM] http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=31&art

  19. Three Essays on Economic Development in Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musumba, Mark

    2012-10-19

    to economic development in Africa. Climate change is examined in terms of its effects on the Egyptian agricultural sector; transmission of world price to small scale growers is examined in Uganda; and the benefits of insecticide-treated bed nets use...

  20. Reinventing Africa into a Global Supplier of Food Goods: An Analysis of Agri-business Development, Sustainability, Supply Chain Integration and Export in Developing Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Lisa M.

    2011-01-01

    March 30). Transforming Africa’s Role in the Global Food11, 2011, from AGRA Growing Africa's Agriculture: http://e. (1988). Satisfying Africa's Food Needs: Food Production

  1. DELIVERABLE Central North Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    of intermittency which is inevitable with wind power, thereby helping to address the need for energy security International Energy Agency Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 #12;4 Central North Sea ­ CO2 Storage Hub within the UK and EU. CCS development zones can also attract new energy intensive industries to locate

  2. Tonelson Garden North Mall-1545

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Norfolk Room 1416 Starbucks 1542 North Mall-1545 Cyber Cafe Lounge 1545 South Mall-1063 House of Blue

  3. Wind Farms in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2014-01-01

    Renewable Energy (Wind and Water Technologies Program) ofWind Farms in North America 1 Ben Hoen Environmental Energy Technologies

  4. Department of Mathematics North Carolina State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelley, C. T. "Tim"

    Department of Mathematics North Carolina State University Distinguished Faculty Colloquium Tim Kelley Drexel Professor of Mathematics North Carolina

  5. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    North Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement North Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between...

  6. Moving towards pro-poor systems of land administration: Challenges for land and asset distribution in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deininger, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    and Management in Africa." IIED Issues Paper 120. London:Custom and commonage in Africa: Rethinking the orthodoxies."Land Registration in Africa: The Impact on Agricultural

  7. Capacity Building in Meat Exports From Southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiriboga, Luis M.; Kilmer, Chris; Fan, Rocky

    2008-01-01

    a permanent agreement. This process has been difficult as South Africa and Namibia disagree with the EU on issues regarding the liberalization of services and investments. As it stands, the new treaty will grant Namibian beef exporters... (1998) investigated land degradation and its negative impact on Namibia’s beef industry. Additionally, Dyck and Nelson (2003) provide an overview of the structure of global meat markets and confirm Africa’s comparative advantage in grazing land...

  8. The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...

  9. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01

    Televisions OLEDs Water Heaters Solar water heaters FansTARGET APPLIANCE Solar Water Heater (low and high pressure)content/solar-water-heaters-save- electricity-south-africa

  10. Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate...

  11. Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE PAGES Search Results Published Article: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa Title: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern...

  12. Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technical Potential of...

  13. Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the U.S. Government is formally launching an innovative framework under President Obama's Power Africa initiative to increase energy access for underserved populations across...

  14. "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7, 2012, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot, Department of Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Physics,...

  15. South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South African Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) (Redirected from GIZ-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within...

  16. Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the Powering Africa Summit in Washington...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    support and loan guarantees, and so these are good projects that we support. Power Africa has also mobilized more than 29 billion in other commitments to support the...

  17. The Development of Conceptions of the Right to Literacy in Traditional Rural Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Day, Kathryn Louise

    2010-01-01

    in post-apartheid South Africa: A panel study of KwaZulu-03/77). Cape Town, South Africa: University of Capetown,of the Republic of South Africa (1996). Retrieved April 13,

  18. The Political Economy of Ways and Means: Procurement Contracts, Entrepreneurship, and Development in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngo Nyeck, Sybille

    2013-01-01

    E. (1967). The Map of Africa by Treaty. 3 ed. London: FrankCass. __________. (1894). Map of Africa by Treaty. Vol. II,British Policy Towards West Africa Select Documents 1786-

  19. Privatizing Public Health: Social Marketing for HIV Prevention in Tanzania, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffey, Erin Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    J-F. 1993. The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly.Time, and Aging in West Africa. Chicago: Chicago University2006. Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order.

  20. Breaking news: Biological control agent for Thaumastocoris peregrinus to be released in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa The Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP) based at FABI has milestone in terms of ensuring sustainable plantation forestry in South Africa was safe to release in South Africa as a biological control agent

  1. The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    controlled trials in Africa of HIV and AIDS: DescriptiveHIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review andepidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: Introduction. AIDS 15: S1–

  2. Competing Methods for Teaching and Researching Africa: Interdisciplinarity and the Field of African Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Ycaza, Carla

    2015-01-01

    The Re-Invention of Africa: Edward Said, V. Y. Mudimbe, andThe Postcolonial State in Africa, 4-5. 46 Ibid. , 4. 47Legitimacy in Middle Africa: Father, Family, Food (

  3. TESTING VIRGINITY: HIV/AIDS, MODERNITY & ETHNICITY IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leak, Tia-Nicole

    2012-01-01

    Among the South?Eastern Bantu”. Africa 11 (1938): 25?41; MaxCustom and Conflict in Africa. Oxford 1963; Eileen J. Krige.Bond, G. et. al. AIDS in Africa and the Caribbean. Boulder:

  4. Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. B Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. C School of Biological Sciences

  5. The 500 Windows Campaign: A Case Study of a Youth Movement for Educational Resources in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angara, Harini

    2011-01-01

    of the Republic of South Africa, 1996. chap. 2, sec. 29.assessment. Pretoria, South Africa: Department of Education.South%20Africa/South_Africa_E FA_2000.pdf Dugger, C. (2009,

  6. Realizing the Potential ofRealizing the Potential of iLabsiLabs in subin sub--Sahara AfricaSahara Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    Realizing the Potential ofRealizing the Potential of iLabsiLabs in subin sub--Sahara AfricaSahara Africa KickKick--Off/Steering Committee MeetingOff/Steering Committee MeetingObafemi Awolowo University -- Overview ofOverview of iLabiLab andand iLabiLab--Africa projects by Prof. del AlamoAfrica projects by Prof

  7. North Negros Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittle Rock,North Negros Geothermal

  8. Community Wind North | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures JumpCommercial Jump to: navigation,source History View NewNorth

  9. Democratizing in Excess: A Marxist Interpretation of the Jasmine Revolutions in North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbo, Joseph N.; Chimakonam, Jonathan O.

    2015-01-01

    the productive force under feudalism. Under capitalism, thecommunalism, slave society, feudalism, capitalism andthe last three stages (Feudalism, Capitalism and Socialism/

  10. Democratizing in Excess: A Marxist Interpretation of the Jasmine Revolutions in North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbo, Joseph N.; Chimakonam, Jonathan O.

    2015-01-01

    in power of the leaders of Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. TheseEgypt that saw the return of protesters to Cairo’s Tahir square following Mubarak’s succes- sor allotting dictatorial powers

  11. Synoptic disturbances found in precipitable water fields north of equatorial Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patla, Jason Eddy

    1998-01-01

    by Mackey (1996), determined the location and season for the strongest and most coherent 3 to 8 day filtered PW signal. NCEP/NCAR reanalysis (2.50 resolution) provides data for a use study analysis of seven prominent anomalous PW events during the period...

  12. Technical and Political Assessment of Peaceful Nuclear Power Program Prospects in North Africa and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary.........................................................................5 Country Reports Egypt and application of resources towards developing nuclear-generated electricity and nuclear-powered desalination

  13. Democratizing in Excess: A Marxist Interpretation of the Jasmine Revolutions in North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbo, Joseph N.; Chimakonam, Jonathan O.

    2015-01-01

    wonder in this unipolar, new world order whether there is anleaders of the new world order or democratic institutions

  14. Detecting vegetation-precipitation feedbacks in mid-Holocene North Africa

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing BacteriaConnectlaser-solid interactionCrystalDesigning aDesignsfrom two climate

  15. Detecting vegetation-precipitation feedbacks in mid-Holocene North Africa

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing BacteriaConnectlaser-solid interactionCrystalDesigning aDesignsfrom two climatefrom

  16. Virginia Nuclear Profile - North Anna

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    North Anna" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

  17. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  18. Africa - CCS capacity building | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica - CCS capacity

  19. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica

  20. Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before the sixteenth century interior and on outlying islands (Comoros, Madagascar) or were composed of lower classes in urban expansion and private enterprise. #12;16 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before

  1. Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development Volume 25, Issue 2, Issue 2 Economic and social significance of forests for Africa's sustainable development Editor: Foday Resources specialist Rome, Italy Jeffrey Sayer Ecologist/expert in political and economic context of natural

  2. Energy and Development: Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COOPENER programme #12;Development and Energy in Africa (DEA) · Most energy projects monitor and evaluate reductionHealth Solar Water Heater Women Renewable EnergyProject RemarksSubstantiation Case Study findingsEnergy and Development: Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa Gordon Mackenzie Energy Programme

  3. Source apportionment of wet sulfate deposition in eastern North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, James A.

    1985-01-01

    An analytical model of long distance transport of air pollutants (Fay and Rosenzweig, 1980) has been adapted for the estimation of long term (e.g. annual) wet sulfate deposition in eastern N. America. The model parameters ...

  4. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Report More Documents & Publications North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement Electric System...

  5. North Carolina/Geothermal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon North CarolinaGeothermal < North Carolina Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL...

  6. Nuclear Power Plant Construction Support (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Language in the North Carolina Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard allows a utility to have incurred costs reviewed by the North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC)...

  7. Clean Cities: North Dakota Clean Cities coalition

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Search Coalitions Search for another coalition North Dakota Clean Cities coalition Statistics Population: 640,385 Area: 67,611 sq. mi. Boundaries: All counties in North Dakota...

  8. 2015 North Carolina Building Performance Conference | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2015 North Carolina Building Performance Conference 2015 North Carolina Building Performance Conference September 1, 2015 9:00AM EDT to September 3, 2015 5...

  9. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Africa and Middle East Project Plan 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamison, Jeremy D.

    2012-02-01

    GTRI Africa and Middle East Project Plan submitted for school project to American Graduate University.

  10. Using HCI Guidelines to Foster Technological Advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stringfellow, Catherine V.

    Using HCI Guidelines to Foster Technological Advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa Jamie Thomas Guidelines to Foster Technological Advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa Jamie Thomas, Midwestern State-Saharan Africa (excluding the region of Southern Africa). There are countless obstacles in the way

  11. Understanding the 30-year Barbados desert dust record Natalie M. Mahowald,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahowald, Natalie

    (such as new sources due to desertification or land use) may be difficult to distinguish from: Aerosols (0305); KEYWORDS: mineral aerosols, desert dust, North Africa, desertification Citation: Mahowald

  12. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C.E.; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Barry, B.; Chukwuma; Cottrell, R.L.; Kalim, U.; Mebrahtu, A.; Petitdidier, M.; Rabiu, B.; Reeves, C.; ,

    2010-06-16

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

  13. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C. E.

    2010-05-25

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffer some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

  14. North Sea platforms revamped

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Hare, J.

    1999-12-01

    Many of the early North Sea platforms are reaching their end-of-field life. Most are still equipped with their original drilling package. In a few cases the package has either been removed or decommissioned. The early installations were designed for much simpler and less demanding wells than the horizontal, extended-reach or designer wells common today. Extended-reach wells now can be drilled realistically from ageing platforms, without incurring massive capital expenditure. This can be achieved using the existing drilling package to the limit of its capabilities and supplementing where necessary with relatively minor upgrades or the use of temporary equipment. Drilling even a few more wells from existing platforms not only prolongs field life, it enables any surplus processing capacity to be made available to develop near-field potential with extended-reach drilling (ERD) or by tying back subsea satellite wells, or for processing third-party fluids. The paper describes well design, surface equipment, mud pumps, shakers and solids control equipment, drill cuttings disposal systems, derrick and hoisting system, top drive and drillstring, downhole equipment, well planning, casing wear, logistics, rig preparations, and ERD vs. subsea tie-backs.

  15. Ion source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Ehlers, Kenneth W. (Alamo, CA)

    1984-01-01

    A magnetic filter for an ion source reduces the production of undesired ion species and improves the ion beam quality. High-energy ionizing electrons are confined by the magnetic filter to an ion source region, where the high-energy electrons ionize gas molecules. One embodiment of the magnetic filter uses permanent magnets oriented to establish a magnetic field transverse to the direction of travel of ions from the ion source region to the ion extraction region. In another embodiment, low energy 16 eV electrons are injected into the ion source to dissociate gas molecules and undesired ion species into desired ion species.

  16. THE NORTH CAROLINA PLANT SCIENCES INITIATIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckel, Jeffrey A.

    . THE NORTH CAROLINA PLANT SCIENCES INITIATIVE A proposal to establish North Carolina as the world to exceed $100 billion before 2020. North Carolina is the nation's third most diverse agricultural state approach. North Carolina's agriculture and biosciences assets, concentrated in a new world

  17. THE NORTH CAROLINA FOOD PROCESSING INITIATIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckel, Jeffrey A.

    THE NORTH CAROLINA FOOD PROCESSING INITIATIVE Manufacturing jobs for North Carolina Bringing manufacturing back to N.C. In 2014, the North Carolina General Assembly funded this initiative to diversify development in communities across North Carolina and the globe. We will grow jobs From innovations that can

  18. North Carolina State Residence Classification Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, Richard M.

    North Carolina State Residence Classification Manual A Manual to Assist the Public Higher Education Institutions of North Carolina in the Matter of State Residence Fall 2011 #12;North Carolina State Residence. Ross pursuant to The University of North Carolina Policy Manual Sec. 900.1 for use by con- stituent

  19. North American LNG Project Sourcebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-06-15

    The report provides a status of the development of LNG Import Terminal projects in North America, and includes 1-2 page profiles of 63 LNG projects in North America which are either in operation, under construction, or under development. For each project, the sourcebook provides information on the following elements: project description, project ownership, project status, projected operation date, storage capacity, sendout capacity, and pipeline interconnection.

  20. The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh Department of Statistics University of Chicago South DJIBOUTI KENYA COMOROS SEYCHELLES MOZA M B IQUE MADAGASC A R ANGOLA ALGERIA SENEGAL GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA

  1. Shifting suitability for malaria vectors across Africa with warming climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend

    2009-05-10

    Background Climates are changing rapidly, producing warm climate conditions globally not previously observed in modern history. Malaria is of great concern as a cause of human mortality and morbidity, particularly across Africa, thanks in large part...

  2. CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA: A REPORT TO SCHOOLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Challenges to Teaching Citizenship Education. The social and environmental context of the schoolsCITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA: A REPORT TO SCHOOLS Daniel Hammett University General Remarks 4 Summary of Findings Is citizenship education important? Competing Views 4 Defining

  3. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickrell, Joseph K.

    The history of southern Africa involved interactions between indigenous hunter–gatherers and a range of populations that moved into the region. Here we use genome-wide genetic data to show that there are at least two ...

  4. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16

    The region of eastern and southern Africa is very diverse in environments and agronomic practices. The region has one of the highest per capita consumption of maize (Zea mays. L), which is predominantly produced by smallholder farmers. Some...

  5. Ecological niche and geographic distribution of human monkeypox in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Rebecca S.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Yorita, Krista L.; Carroll, Darin S.; Damon, Inger K.; Reynolds, Mary G.

    2007-01-31

    Monkeypox virus, a zoonotic member of the genus Orthopoxviridae, can cause a severe, smallpox-like illness in humans. Monkeypox virus is thought to be endemic to forested areas of western and Central Africa. Considerably more is known about human...

  6. MSU at Work in Africa: Land Use, Strategic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , construction, and finance of which are related to land tenure, use, and planning. Africans need rural economic areas of Africa, excessive extraction of resources, including oil, coal, and natural gas, has resulted

  7. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    of technological options for off-grid light provision thatQuality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa Conferencemarkets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies

  8. Entrepreneurship in South Africa : improving access to finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amanda, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    For a rapidly developing country, South Africa has relatively very low levels of entrepreneurship. This thesis will investigate the reasons for the anemic number of new ventures and, most specifically, tries to address one ...

  9. Consumer Acceptance of GMO Cowpeas in Sub-Sahara Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Consumer Acceptance of GMO Cowpeas in Sub-Sahara Africa Saket Kushwaha, A.S. Musa, James Lowenberg Professor at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. #12;Consumer Acceptance of GMO Cowpeas in Sub

  10. Connecting with South Africa: Cultural Communication and Understanding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, Astrid

    2012-02-06

    Child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Astrid Berg states in her introduction that “South Africa is a microcosm.” It is a modern nation, yet many of its inhabitants follow ancient traditions. It is a nation with a colonial ...

  11. Teaching Grid Computing in North Carolina: Barry Wilkinson University of North Carolina Charlotte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Barry

    Education Teaching Grid Computing in North Carolina: Part I Barry Wilkinson · University of North Carolina Charlotte Clayton Ferner · University of North Carolina Wilmington Since 2004, North Carolina of the existing statewide North Carolina Research and Education Network to present the lectures to geographically

  12. Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent to investigate the temporal and spatial variability of the North Brazil Current (NBC) retroflection and the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L

  13. The Fashion of Democracy: September 11 and Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajayi-Soyinka, Omofolabo

    2004-12-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu The Fashion of Democracy: September 11 and Africa by Omofolabo Ajayl-Soyinka KU ScholarWorks is a service provided by the KU Libraries’ Office of Scholarly Communication & Copyright.... This is the published version of the article, made available with the permission of the publisher. The original published version can be found at the link below. Ayayi-Soyinka. (2004). The Fashion of Democracy: September 11 and Africa. Signs 29...

  14. Distributional Implications of Halving Poverty in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF HALVING POVERTY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA† Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge. ABSTRACT The South African government has set as a policy objective the halving of poverty by 2014... poverty under various growth scenarios. Keywords: income distribution, poverty, inequality, South Africa. JEL codes: D30, D31, I32. † August 2008. Contact: fmt21@cam.ac.uk. This research...

  15. Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; volume 3:e19 [page 80] [Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; 3:e19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; volume 3:e19 [page 80] [Journal of Public Health in Africa in Cameroon, Africa Andrew W. Nelson,1,2,4 Leah M. Feazel,1,3,4,5 Charles E. Robertson,2 John R. Spear,1

  16. International energy outlook. Volume 3. North and South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    Petroleum, coal, and hydropower resources are found, in varying degrees, throughout the Americas. Struggling to maintain or achieve energy self-sufficiency, many North and South American countries are undertaking major projects to develop these, and other, energy sources. This volume, Volume 3 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the development projects and energy trends in 12 countries of North and South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States and Venezuela. The range and detail of country coverage varies, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations and provides some historical background, its main emphasis is on estimates of future consumption and production, and descriptions of energy programs and plans. Plans in the Americas call for exploiting oil and gas where possible, and making major efforts to develop sources such as coal and hydropower that can be alternatives to imported petroleum. 33 references, 1 figure, 73 tables.

  17. Inaugural IEEE PES 2005 Conference and Exposition in Africa Durban, South Africa, 11-15 July 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    cases of transmission lines in the 700-800 kV range--in Canada, United States, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia in the U.S., Canada, South Africa, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia, Korea, India and Japan. Also briefly

  18. Comparative Assessment of Status and Opportunities for CO2 Capture and Storage and Radioactive Waste Disposal in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, C.

    2010-01-01

    America for 100 years or more of sequestration of CO 2 from coal-coal-fired power plants (the largest stationary point sources of CO 2 in North America)

  19. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  20. Inequality, Agricultural Production and Poverty: With Focus on Large-scale / Small-scale Sugarcane Farms in South Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngepah, Nicholas

    2009-01-01

    Sugarcane Farms in South Africa. Nicholas Ngepah UniversityIndustrial Research, South Africa This paper is posted atDevelopment in Sub-Saharan Africa," sponsored jointly by the

  1. Biocorrosive Thermophilic Microbial Communities in Alaskan North Slope Oil Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Kathleen E.

    2010-01-01

    in Alaskan North Slope Oil Facilities Kathleen E. Duncan,in Alaskan North Slope oil production facilities. Title:in Alaskan North Slope Oil Facilities Authors: Kathleen E.

  2. Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R.; Trois, C.

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

  3. The importance of context in delivering effective EIA: Case studies from East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marara, Madeleine; Okello, Nick; Kuhanwa, Zainab; Douven, Wim; Beevers, Lindsay Leentvaar, Jan

    2011-04-15

    This paper reviews and compares the condition of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in three countries in the East Africa region: Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The criteria used for the evaluation and the comparison of each system are based on the elements of the legal, administrative and procedural frameworks, as well as the context in which they operate. These criteria are adapted from the evaluation and quality control criteria derived from a number of literature sources. The study reveals that the EIA systems of Kenya and Tanzania are at a similar stage in their development. The two countries, the first to introduce the EIA concept into their jurisdiction in this part of Africa, therefore have more experience than Rwanda in the practice of environmental impact assessment, where the legislation and process requires more time to mature both from the governmental and societal perspective. The analysis of the administrative and procedural frameworks highlights the weakness in the autonomy of the competent authority, in all three countries. Finally a major finding of this study is that the contextual set up i.e. the socio-economic and political situation plays an important role in the performance of an EIA system. The context in developing countries is very different from developed countries where the EIA concept originates. Interpreting EIA conditions in countries like Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania requires that the analysis for determining the effectiveness of their systems should be undertaken within a relevant framework, taking into account the specific requirements of those countries.

  4. Muslim oil and gas periphery; the future of hydrocarbons in Africa, southeast Asia and the Caspian. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crockett, B.D.

    1997-12-01

    This thesis is a study of the contemporary political, economic, and technical developments and future prospects of the Muslim hydrocarbon exporters of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Caspian. The established Muslim oil and gas periphery of Africa and Southeast Asia has four members in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and is systemically increasing its production of natural gas. I analyze US government and corporate policies regarding the countries and the major dilemmas of the Muslim hydrocarbon periphery. The first chapter provides a selective overview of global energy source statistics; the policies, disposition and composition of the major hydrocarbon production and consumption players and communities; a selective background of OPEC and its impact on the globe; and a general portrait of how the Muslim periphery piece fits into the overall Muslim oil and gas puzzle. Chapter two analyzes the established Muslim oil and gas periphery of Africa and Southeast Asia asking the following questions: What are the major political, economic, and technical trends and dilemmas affecting these producer nations. And what are the United States` policies and relationships with these producers. Chapter three asks the same questions as chapter two, but with regard to the newly independent states of the Caspian Sea. I probe the regional petroleum exploration and transportation dilemmas in some detail.

  5. North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    discussions at the North American Leaders Summit, to be held in Guadalajara, Mexico, on August 9-10, 2009. Building on the work of the North American Energy Working...

  6. OF THE COLEOPTERA NORTH OF MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    A CATALOG OF THE COLEOPTERA OF AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO FAMILY: HETEROCERIDAE ffi;::"" UNITED STATES ADMINISTRATION AH 529-47/4/78 #12;FAMILIES OF COLEOPTERA IN AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO Fascicle' Family Year issued

  7. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    will be held in Addis Ababa this June. The Ministerial supports President Obama's Power Africa initiative to double access to power in Sub-Saharan Africa as well as the...

  8. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More Sustainable Energy Future U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More Sustainable Energy...

  9. Review of Paul Darby's Africa, Football, and FIFA: Politics, Colonialism, and Resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirmotahari, Emad

    2007-01-01

    of Pa ul Darby's Africa, Football, and FIFA : Politics,reading PauJ Darby's Africa, Football, and FIFA : Poliric~.the development of African football depends on its rigorous

  10. Geographic distribution and ecological niche of plague in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neerinckx, Simon B.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Gulinck, Hubert; Deckers, Jozef; Leirs, Herwig

    2008-10-23

    the potential geographic distribution of plague and its ecological requirements across Africa. Results: We predict a broad potential distributional area of plague occurrences across sub- Saharan Africa. General tests of model's transferability suggest that our...

  11. Development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Holdt, Christopher James

    2009-05-15

    This Record of Study presents the development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa. The study was performed within a multidisciplinary engineering consulting company in South Africa...

  12. NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floss, Christine

    NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Africa 176 iron me- teorite with silicate inclusions was found at the border of Morocco and Algeria

  13. DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA By Neël Smuts1 ABSTRACT South Africa, in its bid to host the SKA2 , has adopted a dual approach to determine, assess

  14. A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labuschagne, Willem

    A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa J. Heidema, Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of South Africa W. Labuschagne, Dept. of Computer Science

  15. Promoting Blood Donation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Role of Culture and Interventions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appiah, Bernard

    2013-12-13

    Inadequate blood donation is a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the influence of culture and communication on blood donation in Sub-Saharan Africa, with particular focus on Ghana. The literature...

  16. Draft January 13, (ver 12) Africas technology leap are we part of the development?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Examples are countries like South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria and Angola. A driving factor has been Brazilian, ABB, Head of Public Affairs - Sweden and Northern Europe Region "Sun-energy project Sub Saharan Africa

  17. MED CTR NORTH EAST GARAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmeri, Thomas

    GARAGE MARKET 2525 GARAGE MRB III BIO/SCI LIGHT HALL SONY BMG PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL GENERAL LIBRARY EAST WEST WYATT CENTER POWER HOUSE V @ V APARTMENTS COMMONS CTR NORTH STUDENT LIFE BAKER BLDG BRYAN BLDG BLDG WESLEY PLACE RETAIL HOME ECONOMICS 1110 19TH AVE GARLAND HALL SC MOLEC BIOLOGY TOLMAN HALL MORGAN

  18. North City Water Reclamation Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    -Site Cogeneration Methane Power Plant Methane piped in from: Miramar LandfillMiramar Landfill Metropolitan BiosolidsNorth City Water Reclamation Plant Maja Caroee Diana Lee Niko Salvador #12;What is Water% for plant operation 25% sold to local power grid #12;Technical Issues & Innovations COMNET Clean water

  19. Industrial Energy Conservation Potentials in North Carolina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barakat, M. G.; Singh, H.; Mallik, A. K.

    1987-01-01

    CONSERVATION POTENTIALS IN NORTH CAROLINA MONJED G. BARAKAT Chief Engineer Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center North Carolina A & T State University HARMOHINDAR SINGH Associate Professor Architectural Engineering Department North Carolina A... of payback periods less than a year. These energy conservation opportunities and their potential savings in the state of North Carolina are discussed in this paper. INTRODUCTION Maximizing profit and minimizing operating cost are the the major driving...

  20. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Algeria 109 India 348 Brasile 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasile 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egitto 66 Cina 137 Colombia 71 Sud Africa 63 Pakistan 85

  1. OF THE COLEOPTERA NORTH OF MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    A CATALOG OF THE COLEOPTERA OF AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO FAMILY: DRYOPIDAE ~ UNITED STATES (Wl;/' FAMILIES OF COLEOPTERA IN AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO Fascicle 1 Family Year issued Fascicle Family Yetlr OF THE COLEOPTERA OF AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO FAMILY: DRYOPIDAE BY HARLEY P. BROWN DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY U

  2. OF THE COLEOPTERA NORTH OF MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    A CATALOG OF THE COLEOPTERA OF AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO FAMILY: CURCULIONIDAE SUBFAMILY the fascicles in this catalog of the beetles of America north of Mexico are produced by an ori- ginal group North of Mexico" (J.D. Sherman, Jr., Mt. Vernon, NY), which was published in 1920 with supplement

  3. THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PLAN of North Carolina Policy 1 Assignment of Responsibility and Accountability 2 Dissemination of Affirmative EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY [41CFR 60-2.10] The University of North Carolina at Wilmington

  4. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOLS Department of Crop Science #12;Distributed are offeredto all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local

  5. DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS North Carolina State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hao "Helen"

    DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS North Carolina State University 2501 Founders Drive, Campus Box 8203 for Nonparametric Regression in Exponential Families Hao Zhang Department of Statistics, North Carolina State Zhang and Yi Lin North Carolina State University and University of Wisconsin at Madison Abstract: We

  6. THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PLAN, and Job Title Job Title Job Group EEO Census Occupation University of North Carolina- Wilmington 01 by Job Group, EEO Code, and Job Title Job Title Job Group EEO Census Occupation University of North

  7. South temperate birds have higher apparent adult survival than tropical birds in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Thomas E.

    493 South temperate birds have higher apparent adult survival than tropical birds in Africa PennPatrick Inst., DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, Univ. of Cape Town, P/Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa African National Biodiversity Inst., P/Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa, and School of Statistics

  8. Thermal, hydrous, and mechanical states of the mantle transition zone beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yang

    Thermal, hydrous, and mechanical states of the mantle transition zone beneath southern Africa John cratons in southern Africa; consequently, the mantle transition zone is 20 km thicker than beneath post: lithosphere; upper mantle; transition zone; cratoni convection; Southern Africa 1. Introduction The upper

  9. Evidence for a new introduction of the pitch canker fungus Fusarium circinatum in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evidence for a new introduction of the pitch canker fungus Fusarium circinatum in South Africa E. T (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002 South Africa Fusarium circinatum causes pitch canker of Pinus species in many parts of the world. The fungus was first recorded in South Africa in 1990

  10. Satellite observations of the seasonal cycles of absorbing aerosols in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graaf, Martin de

    Satellite observations of the seasonal cycles of absorbing aerosols in Africa related to monsoon of aerosol emissions from the wet surface. 1. Introduction The main aerosol types occurring over Africa Africa can be characterized using Absorbing Aerosol Index (AAI) data from Global Ozone Monitoring

  11. Updated 01/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    Updated 01/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in South Africa The Rainbow Nation South Africa is one of the most multicultural countries in the world. In urban areas many different ethnic groups make up the population. In addition to the indigenous black peoples of South Africa

  12. First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa BY T. A of Pretoria, 0002 Pretoria, South Africa. E-mail: Teresa. Coutinho@FABI.up.ac.za; 3 Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, University of the Orange Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa; 4 Agricultural

  13. IST-Africa 2006 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2006 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC, 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 3661, Fax: + 27 21 689 9465, Email: edwin@cs.uct.ac.za 2 Dept Computer Science, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, 7535, South Africa Tel: +27 21 959 2516, Fax

  14. outh Africa is a society in transition. The building of a broad-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    S outh Africa is a society in transition. The building of a broad-based research culture is central that existed in South Africa before 1994 -- the year of the first post-apartheid democratic elections -- show Africa, and the establishment of the National System of Innovation (NSI) has been an important step

  15. New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa Seonju LEE, South Africa. E-mail : slee@maties.sun.ac.za Received 3 April 2002; accepted 18 November 2002. A study of saprobic fungi occurring on the fynbos of the Western Cape Province of South Africa yielded four unknown

  16. New Opportunity for Graduate Study Human Well-being and the Environment in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    New Opportunity for Graduate Study Human Well-being and the Environment in Africa The Environmental science Partnership for International Research and Education (PIRE) project in Africa. The project research in Africa in the fields of remote sensing, ecology, sociology or economics and who desire training

  17. History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa* Paul N. Edwards and computers in apartheid South Africa, considering these systems ­ and apartheid more generally ­ as forms-apartheid activists, who fought to limit South Africa's access to these systems. We argue that nuclear systems enacted

  18. TCP-Africa: An Adaptive and Fair Rapid Increase Rule for Scalable TCP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riedi, Rudolf H.

    1 TCP-Africa: An Adaptive and Fair Rapid Increase Rule for Scalable TCP Ryan King, Richard Baraniuk propose a new delay sensitive- congestion avoidance mode (TCP-Africa) that allows for scalable, aggressive, efficiency, and fairness of TCP-Africa. Index Terms-- Scalable TCP, high-bandwidth-delay products, TCP

  19. Medieval/Africa The Trans-Saharan World, 500-1700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Medieval/Africa The Trans-Saharan World, 500-1700 A symposium exploring the complex institutional, cultural, and religious relation- ships tying the societies of sub-Saharan Africa to one another for Humanities in Africa Reception to follow in the Braun Room of Andover Hall Friday, 6 February CGIS S010 (the

  20. New and rare coelomycetes with appendage-bearing conidia from Pondoland, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MYCOTAXON New and rare coelomycetes with appendage-bearing conidia from Pondoland, South AfricaPretoria, Pretoria 0001, Republic of South Africa January-March2010Volume 111, pp. 309-322 Abstract - During a mycologicalexcursion to the Pondoland region of South Africa in 2008, six interesting anamorphic fungi with appendage

  1. Bacterial Blight and Dieback of Eucalyptus Species, Hybrids, and Clones in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacterial Blight and Dieback of Eucalyptus Species, Hybrids, and Clones in South Africa T. A- technology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa; ,I, I\\lergaert and 1\\1. C University for Christian Higher Education, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa;,. Swings

  2. ForPeerReview Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treiman, Allan H.

    ForPeerReview Only Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998 Journal Northwest Africa 998 Allan H. Treiman Lunar and Planetary Institute, 3600 Bay Area Blvd., Houston, TX 77058PeerReview Only ABSTRACT Nakhlite Northwest Africa (NWA) 998 is an augite-rich cumulate igneous rock, with mineral

  3. Susceptibility of provenances and families of Pinus maximinoi and Pinus tecunumanii to frost in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in South Africa R. G. Mitchell · M. J. Wingfield · G. R. Hodge · W. S. Dvorak · T. A. Coutinho Received: 15+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract The future of South Africa's most important pine species, Pinus patula subtropical species that provide an alternative to planting P. patula on the warmer sites of South Africa

  4. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa n° visitatori Asia n° visitatori America Latina n° visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Venezuela 64 Ruanda 50 Armenia 94 Colombia 49 Senegal 50 Turchia 37 Cuba 46 22 PMA in Africa Algeria America Latina 196 Africa 194 Europa dell'Est 121 5 PMA in Asia più altre 32 nazioni 1

  5. IST-Africa 2007 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2007 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 3661, Fax: + 27 21 689 Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 4606, Fax: + 27 21 650 4104, Email

  6. BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT AND LARGE-SCALE LAND DEALS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT AND LARGE-SCALE LAND DEALS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA GIORGIA GIOVANNETTI European.giovannetti@unifi.it ELISA TICCI University of Siena, ticci4@unisi.it Abstract Africa's biofuel potential over the last ten specifications. Key words: biofuels, land acquisitions, Poisson regression, Africa. JEL Codes: O13, F21, N57, Q24

  7. Author / Computing, 2000, Vol. 0, Issue 0, 1-2 Digital Storytelling in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Author / Computing, 2000, Vol. 0, Issue 0, 1-2 1 Digital Storytelling in Africa Gary Marsden1 Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa, gaz@acm.org, http://www.cs.uct.ac.za/ 2) Meraka Institute of the CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa, nic.bidwell@gmail.com, http://www.meraka.org.za/ Abstract: In this paper

  8. IST-Africa 2013 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2013 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC International Information Management Corporation, 2013 ISBN: 978-1-905824-38-0 Copyright © 2013 The authors www.IST-Africa, Private Bag X3 Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 2663, edwin@cs.uct.ac.za, gaz

  9. Long-term variability and rainfall control of savanna fire regimes in equatorial East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Feng Sheng

    Long-term variability and rainfall control of savanna fire regimes in equatorial East Africa D A V Abstract Fires burning the vast grasslands and savannas of Africa significantly influence the global carbon in equatorial East Africa. The charcoal-inferred shifts in local and regional fire regimes were compared

  10. Decline of Birds in a Human Modified Coastal Dune Forest Landscape in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pretoria, University of

    @zoology.up.ac.za Introduction Coastal dune forest is one of South Africa's rarest vegetation types; restricted to the easternDecline of Birds in a Human Modified Coastal Dune Forest Landscape in South Africa Morgan J modified coastal dune forest landscape in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. However, occurrence does

  11. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  12. Factors influencing infection of Acacia mearnsii by the wilt pathogen Ceratocystis albifundus in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in South Africa By R. N. Heath1 , M. Van Der Linde2 , H. Groeneveld2 , B. D. Wingfield1 , M. J. Wingfield1 and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; 2 Department of Statistics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; 3 Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology

  13. Development Impact Assessment (DIA) Case Study. South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, Sadie; Nawaz, Kathleen; Sandor, Debra

    2015-05-19

    This case study reviews South Africa’s experience in considering the impacts of climate change action on development goals, focusing on the South African energy sector and development impact assessments (DIAs) that have and could be used to influence energy policy or inform the selection of energy activities. It includes a review of assessments—conducted by government ministries, technical partners, and academic institutes and non-governmental organizations (NGOs)—that consider employment, health, and water implications of possible energy sector actions, as well as multi-criteria impact assessments.

  14. Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid propane injection...

  15. North Carolina State Briefing Book for low-level radioactive waste management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-01

    The North Carolina State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in North Carolina. The profile is the result of a survey of NRC licensees in North Carolina. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as defined by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may impact waste management practices in North Carolina.

  16. A solar box cooker for mass production in East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Funk, P.A.; Wilcke, W.F.

    1992-12-31

    A solar box cooker produced in Tanzania, East Africa with indigenous materials is described. When compared to a commercially produced glass and cardboard one, it was found to perform as well. Heat transfer through each major component of the cooker is presented. The smallest losses were through the walls of the box. The greatest losses were observed in the cover system.

  17. Interdisciplinary Minor Programs Africa in the New World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    to the Americas *History 171 The American South since 1865 History 185 Research Seminar in African History Music 5 *Anthropology 50 Freshman Seminar *Anthropology 118 Culture and Power in Africa Anthropology 149 Selected Topics Development *Economics 36 Macroeconomic Analysis for Development *Economics 60 International Economics

  18. Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa's Higher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licciardi, Joseph M.

    Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa's Higher Primate Radiation Erik R remains of the primitive anthropoid Biretia from È37-million- year-old rocks in Egypt. Biretia is unique Egypt (5, 6). Recent paleontological work in Egypt_s Fayum Depression has resulted in the discov- ery

  19. Volunteer computers in homes to fight against Malaria in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    "Africa@home, a project conceived and coordinated by CERN1, was launched publicly this week. It is recruiting volunteer computers in homes and offices to run a computer-intensive simulation program called MalariaControl.net, developed by researchers at the Swiss Tropical Institute (STI)" (1 page)

  20. Pathogenicity of Cryphonectria eucalypti to Eucalyptus clones in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pathogenicity of Cryphonectria eucalypti to Eucalyptus clones in South Africa Marieka Gryzenhouta in revised form 8 April 2002; accepted 16 May 2002 Abstract Eucalyptus spp. are planted in many parts of the forestry industry. The canker pathogen, Cryphonectria eucalypti, is pathogenic to Eucalyptus spp

  1. Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the Potential of Enhancing if cloud seeding in Mali could be beneficial.c ·Identify optimal seeding method for enhancing precipitation in the Mali region based on conceptual models. #12;Measurement Importance · The potential to enhancing

  2. Three Years of Airborne Measurements in Mali, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Three Years of Airborne Measurements in Mali, West Africa David Delene Department of Atmospheric of adapting operational programs from other locations to the Mali region. · Advance local scientific knowledge Measurement Objectives · Determine the variability of aerosol and cloud properties in Mali and how

  3. Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the Potential of Enhancing Determine if cloud seeding in Mali could be beneficial.b Help determine what is the optimal seeding method for enhancing precipitation in the Mali region. #12;Measurement Importance The potential to enhancing

  4. MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and Environmental Health Issues and Problems Water contamination and lack of infrastructure for water and sewage systems have contributed to the global burden of waterborne to waterborne and water-based diseases, including malaria, diarrheal diseases, river blindness

  5. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142 South Africa 69 Iran 201 Mexico 126 Nigeria 65 Pakistan 140 Brazil 120 Egypt in LDCs in Africa Algeria 50 Korea Rep. 34 Costa Rica 44 16 from rest of Africa Ghana 37

  6. Hydrological SciencesJournaldes Sciences Hydrologiques, 54(4) August 2009 Special issue: Groundwater and Climate in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    : Groundwater and Climate in Africa 655 Groundwater and climate in Africa--a review RICHARD G. TAYLOR1 , ANTONIS on water resources commonly exclude groundwater. This omission is of particular concern in Africa, where. The Groundwater and Climate in Africa Conference (http://www.gwclim.org/), held in Kampala, Uganda on 24­28 June

  7. Greenhouse gas emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, R.L.; Perlack, R.D.; Prasad, A.M.G.; Ranney, J.W.; Waddle, D.B.

    1990-11-01

    Current and future carbon emissions from land-use change and energy consumption were analyzed for Sub-Saharan Africa. The energy sector analysis was based on UN energy data tapes while the land-use analysis was based on a spatially-explicit land-use model developed specifically for this project. The impacts of different energy and land-use strategies on future carbon emissions were considered. (A review of anthropogenic emissions of methane, nitrous oxides, and chlorofluorocarbons in Sub-Saharan Africa indicated that they were probably minor in both a global and a regional context. The study therefore was focused on emissions of carbon dioxide.) The land-use model predicts carbon emissions from land use change and the amount of carbon stored in vegetation (carbon inventory) on a yearly basis between 1985 and 2001. Emissions and inventory are modeled at 9000 regularly-spaced point locations in Sub-Saharan Africa using location-specific information on vegetation type, soils, climate and deforestation. Vegetation, soils, and climate information were derived from continental-scale maps while relative deforestation rates(% of forest land lost each year) were developed from country-specific forest and deforestation statistics (FAO Tropical Forest Resources Assessment for Africa, 1980). The carbon emissions under different land use strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa were analyzed by modifying deforestation rates and altering the amount of carbon stored under different land uses. The considered strategies were: preservation of existing forests, implementation of agroforestry, and establishment of industrial tree plantations. 82 refs., 16 figs., 25 tabs.

  8. Pollution Transport From North America to Greenland During Summer 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, J. L.; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Law, K. S.; Marelle, L.; Ancellet, G.; Ravetta, F.; Fast, Jerome D.; Pfister, G.; Emmons, L.; Diskin, G. S.; Weinheimer, Andrew J.; Roiger, A.; Schlager, H.

    2013-04-10

    Ozone pollution transported to the Arctic is a significant concern because of the rapid, enhanced warming in high northern latitudes, which is caused, in part, by short lived climate forcers, such as ozone. Long range transport of pollution contributes to background and episodic ozone levels in the Arctic. However, the extent to which plumes are photochemically active during transport, particularly during the summer, is uncertain. Regional chemical transport model simulations are used to examine photochemical production of ozone in air masses originating from boreal fire and anthropogenic emissions over North America and during their transport toward the Arctic during early July 2008. Model results shows good agreement with aircraft data collected over boreal fire source regions in Canada and several days downwind over Greenland during the study period. Pollutant plumes were transported east and north towards the Arctic and show significant ozone enhancements downwind of source regions. Anthropogenic plumes were more photochemically active than fire plumes. Together, both sources made an important contribution to ozone in pollution plumes transported to the Arctic.

  9. Pollution transport from North America to Greenland during summer 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, J. L.; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Law, K. S.; Marelle, L.; Ancellet, G.; Ravetta, F.; Fast, Jerome D.; Pfister, G.; Emmons, L.; Diskin, G. S.; Weinheimer, Andrew J.; Roiger, A.; Schlager, H.

    2013-04-10

    Ozone pollution transported to the Arctic is a significant concern because of the rapid, enhanced warming in high northern latitudes, which is caused, in part, by short lived climate forcers, such as ozone. Long range transport of pollution contributes to background and episodic ozone levels in the Arctic. However, the extent to which plumes are photochemically active during transport, particularly during the summer, is uncertain. Regional chemical transport model simulations are used to examine photochemical production 8 of ozone in air masses originating from boreal fire and anthropogenic emissions over North America and during their transport toward the Arctic during early July 2008. Model results shows good agreement with aircraft data collected over boreal fire source regions in Canada and several days down-wind over Greenland during the study period. Pollutant plumes were transported east and north towards the Arctic and show significant ozone enhancements downwind of source regions. Anthropogenic plumes were more photochemically active than fire plumes. Together, both sources made an important contribution to ozone in pollution plumes transported to the Arctic.

  10. North Central Elec Coop, Inc (North Dakota) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon: EnergyNongqishi ElectricElec Coop, Inc JumpSolarNorth

  11. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

  12. SNAP sky background at the north ecliptic pole

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aldering, Greg

    2002-07-01

    I summarize the extant direct and indirect data on the sky background SNAP will see at the North Ecliptic Pole over the wavelength range 0.4 < {lambda} < 1.7 {micro}m. At the spatial resolution of SNAP the sky background due to stars and galaxies is resolved, so the only source considered is zodiacal light. Several models are explored to provide interpolation in wavelength between the broadband data from HST and COBE observations. I believe the input data are now established well enough that the accuracy of the sky background presented here is sufficient for SNAP simulations, and that it will stand up to scrutiny by reviewers.

  13. North Oaks, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittle Rock,North Negros

  14. North Olmsted, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittle Rock,North NegrosOlmsted,

  15. North Palm Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittle Rock,North

  16. North Patchogue, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittle Rock,NorthPatchogue, New

  17. North Pembroke, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittle Rock,NorthPatchogue,

  18. North Plains, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittlePerry, Ohio:North Plains,

  19. North Plymouth, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittlePerry, Ohio:North

  20. North Pole, Alaska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittlePerry, Ohio:NorthPole,

  1. North Steens 230kV Transmission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd| OpenInformation 9thNorthNewtonform View source

  2. Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

    1985-01-01

    IN CHINA NORTH INDUSTRIES CORPORATION Wang Tian You, Chen Hua De, Jing Xing Chu, Ling Rui Fu, China North Industries Corporation Beijing, People's Republic of China ABSTRACT This paper describes an overview of the energy conservation in China... North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants and several specific...

  3. North American Natural Gas Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-02-01

    This report summarizes die research by an Energy Modeling Forum working group on the evolution of the North American natural gas markets between now and 2010. The group's findings are based partly on the results of a set of economic models of the natural gas industry that were run for four scenarios representing significantly different conditions: two oil price scenarios (upper and lower), a smaller total US resource base (low US resource case), and increased potential gas demand for electric generation (high US demand case). Several issues, such as the direction of regulatory policy and the size of the gas resource base, were analyzed separately without the use of models.

  4. North Dakota Energy Workforce Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, Drake

    2014-12-29

    Bismarck State College, along with its partners (Williston State College, Minot State University and Dickinson State University), received funding to help address the labor and social impacts of rapid oilfield development in the Williston Basin of western North Dakota. Funding was used to develop and support both credit and non-credit workforce training as well as four major symposia designed to inform and educate the public; enhance communication and sense of partnership among citizens, local community leaders and industry; and identify and plan to ameliorate negative impacts of oil field development.

  5. North Dakota Natural Gas Summary

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4Barrels) ReservesNorth

  6. CASL - North Carolina State University

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecovery ActToolsForNorth Carolina State University Raleigh, NC

  7. Michael North | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matterEnergyPublicatons Contact Us Ring StatusNorth

  8. Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    RFI. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) More Documents & Publications City Utilities of Springfield Missouri Comments on Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and...

  9. North American Renewables Registry (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The North American Renewables Registry (NAR) provides a Web-based platform trusted to create, track, and manage renewable energy certificate (REC) origination for clean generation facilities and...

  10. Radiation source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thode, Lester E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1981-01-01

    A device and method for relativistic electron beam heating of a high-density plasma in a small localized region. A relativistic electron beam generator or accelerator produces a high-voltage electron beam which propagates along a vacuum drift tube and is modulated to initiate electron bunching within the beam. The beam is then directed through a low-density gas chamber which provides isolation between the vacuum modulator and the relativistic electron beam target. The relativistic beam is then applied to a high-density target plasma which typically comprises DT, DD, or similar thermonuclear gas at a density of 10.sup.17 to 10.sup.20 electrons per cubic centimeter. The target gas is ionized prior to application of the relativistic electron beam by means of a laser or other preionization source to form a plasma. Utilizing a relativistic electron beam with an individual particle energy exceeding 3 MeV, classical scattering by relativistic electrons passing through isolation foils is negligible. As a result, relativistic streaming instabilities are initiated within the high-density target plasma causing the relativistic electron beam to efficiently deposit its energy into a small localized region of the high-density plasma target.

  11. Strategic Soil Management for Rainfed Agriculture in West Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitts, Lauren Kyla R.

    2015-08-12

    and Entisols are the most abundant soils in SSA, particularly in West Africa. These soils tend to have low inherent fertility due to natural properties rather than by virtue of nutrient mining or other anthropogenic degradation of fertility. Such natural... properties could include age of soils, weathering, and parent material. The soils of interest in this study are considered Alfisols by U.S. Taxonomy. Major constraints of Alfisols include low water holding capacity, poor nutrient reserves, low cation...

  12. Contaminant Sources are Known

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sources are Known Historical contaminant sources from liquid discharges and solid waste management units are known. August 1, 2013 Contaminant source map LANL contaminant...

  13. Radio astronomy in Africa: the case of Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asabere, Bernard Duah; Horellou, Cathy; Winkler, Hartmut; Jarrett, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    South Africa has played a leading role in radio astronomy in Africa with the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO). It continues to make strides with the current seven-dish MeerKAT precursor array (KAT-7), leading to the 64-dish MeerKAT and the giant Square Kilometer Array (SKA), which will be used for transformational radio astronomy research. Ghana, an African partner to the SKA, has been mentored by South Africa over the past six years and will soon emerge in the field of radio astronomy. The country will soon have a science-quality 32m dish converted from a redundant satellite communication antenna. Initially, it will be fitted with 5 GHz and 6.7 GHz receivers to be followed later by a 1.4 - 1.7 GHz receiver. The telescope is being designed for use as a single dish observatory and for participation in the developing African Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) Network (AVN) and the European VLBI Network. Ghana is earmarked to host a remote station during a possible SKA Phase 2. The loca...

  14. A GCM investigation of dust aerosol impact on the regional climate of North Africa and South/East Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Y; Xue, Y; de Sales, F; Liou, KN

    2015-01-01

    Chem suggested that whether aero- sols enhance or suppresssemi-arid region. Dust aero- sols also appear in Australiaresults that the dust aero- sol effects on precipitation

  15. Analysis of the summertime buildup of tropospheric ozone abundances over the Middle East and North Africa as observed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Sahara anticyclones, centered over the Zagros and Atlas Mountains, respectively. These anticyclones along the Zagros Mountains in Iran and the Asir and Hijaz Mountain ranges in Saudi Arabia

  16. First Nations of North America History 467

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    1 First Nations of North America History 467 Consider Resources Primary Resources: diaries, letters. popular), theses, the Web Check subject guide under: Research by Subject History by Region Canadian History of the Native Peoples of North America (Online) Canadian Encyclopedia (Online) Dictionary

  17. Partnership connects North America NGL markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodenhamer, K.

    1998-12-31

    The United States and Canadian NGL/LPG pipeline network became a larger North America system on April 2, 1997 with the opening of the Rio Grande Pipeline, delivering LPG from the United States to Mexico. This North American pipeline system now links three of the world`s largest LPG producing and consuming nations.

  18. NORTH PACIFIC OCEANOGRAPHY, FEBRUARY-APRIL 1962

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    477: NORTH PACIFIC OCEANOGRAPHY, FEBRUARY- APRIL 1962 by Felix Favorite, Betty-Ann Morse, Alan H'auUke, Commissioner Bureau of Commep.cial FlSHERif;s, Donald L. McKernan, Director NORTH PACIFIC OCEANOGRAPHY OCEANOGRAPHY, FEBRUARY - APRIL 1962 by Felix Favorite and Betty-Ann Morse, Oceanographers Alan H. Haselwood

  19. Women: the key to successful development policies for subsistence agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Kathie Elaine

    1971-01-01

    fulfillment of the requirement for the deSree of IIASTER OF SCIERCE December 1971 Major Subject: Economics NOMEN: THE KEY TO SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT POLICIES FOR SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA A Thesis KATHIE ELAINE RYAN Approved... Africa 10 Western. Afric- Southern Africa 12 Need for Fzpanded Stu. dy Overall Economic Efficiency 13 18 II. THE SITUAT ON IN AGRICULTURE 21 Nature of Subsistence Agriculture Traditional Production Practices 21 23 Traditional Roles 26...

  20. The University Of North Carolina Student Intern Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    The University Of North Carolina Student Intern Program Insurance information for student interns of the State of North Carolina Student Interns Administered by: North Carolina Association of Insurance Agents

  1. Watson College of Education University of North Carolina Wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Watson College of Education University of North Carolina Wilmington LEARNLEADCREATEINSPIRE rigorous programs that are aligned with North Carolina State Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) standards, and the University of North Carolina Wilmington Learning

  2. IHE Bachelor Performance Report University of North Carolina Wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    1 IHE Bachelor Performance Report University of North Carolina Wilmington 2013 - 2014 Overview of the Institution The University of North Carolina Wilmington of the coastal region in which it is located. The University of North Carolina

  3. NORTH CAROLINA CRIMINAL JUSTICE ASSOCIATION 2015 ANNUAL CONFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    1 NORTH CAROLINA CRIMINAL JUSTICE ASSOCIATION 2015 ANNUAL CONFERENCE "CRIMINAL JUSTICE" FEBRUARY 5-7, 2015 HOMEWOOD SUITES AT CRABTREE VALLEY RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA #12 Department in Cary, North Carolina sought a progressive means of addressing these concerns. Multi

  4. Title: Geoeye Satellite Image of North York, Ontario Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Geoeye Satellite Image of North York, Ontario Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Geo, Ontario; North York, Ontario; York University, Ontario Keywords (Subject): Satellite Imagery, Aerial Scene, North York Ontario, September 1, 2009". Thorton Colorado:, Geoeye Inc., 2009. Vendor Link: http

  5. Information Technology Systems Division University of North Carolina Wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Information Technology Systems Division University of North Carolina Wilmington Last updated 8. #12;Information Technology Systems Division University of North Carolina Wilmington Last updated 8, as described below: #12;Information Technology Systems Division University of North Carolina Wilmington Last

  6. Privatizing Public Health: Social Marketing for HIV Prevention in Tanzania, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffey, Erin Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Village Vigilante Groups in Tanzania. African Affairs 86:Groups among the Kuria of Tanzania. Africa: Journal of theRevivalism a Threat to Tanzania's Stability. In Questioning

  7. Putting your computer to work to fight against malaria in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    "While your are sending an email or surfing the web, your computer could be helping to tackle one of Africa's major humanitarian challenges, malaria." (1 page)

  8. Gesture Based Interface for Asynchronous Video Communication for Deaf People in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Gesture Based Interface for Asynchronous Video Communication for Deaf People in South Africa people. The gesture interface was implemented on a store and forward video architecture since

  9. No Solution in Sight : the Problem of Protracted Refugee Situations in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisp, Jeff

    2003-01-01

    Changing priorities in refugee protection: the Rwandanfrom Tanzania’, New Issues in Refugee Research, No. 53,The Problem of Protracted Refugee Situations in Africa By

  10. Analysis of Long-range Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Buskirk, Robert D.

    2004-01-01

    Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africaand renewable energy development scenarios for Eritrea, EastEritrea, East Africa in an effort to facilitate clean energy

  11. North Dakota Refining Capacity Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Hill; Kurt Swenson; Carl Tuura; Jim Simon; Robert Vermette; Gilberto Marcha; Steve Kelly; David Wells; Ed Palmer; Kuo Yu; Tram Nguyen; Juliam Migliavacca

    2011-01-05

    According to a 2008 report issued by the United States Geological Survey, North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation. With the size and remoteness of the discovery, the question became 'can a business case be made for increasing refining capacity in North Dakota?' And, if so what is the impact to existing players in the region. To answer the question, a study committee comprised of leaders in the region's petroleum industry were brought together to define the scope of the study, hire a consulting firm and oversee the study. The study committee met frequently to provide input on the findings and modify the course of the study, as needed. The study concluded that the Petroleum Area Defense District II (PADD II) has an oversupply of gasoline. With that in mind, a niche market, naphtha, was identified. Naphtha is used as a diluent used for pipelining the bitumen (heavy crude) from Canada to crude markets. The study predicted there will continue to be an increase in the demand for naphtha through 2030. The study estimated the optimal configuration for the refinery at 34,000 barrels per day (BPD) producing 15,000 BPD of naphtha and a 52 percent refinery charge for jet and diesel yield. The financial modeling assumed the sponsor of a refinery would invest its own capital to pay for construction costs. With this assumption, the internal rate of return is 9.2 percent which is not sufficient to attract traditional investment given the risk factor of the project. With that in mind, those interested in pursuing this niche market will need to identify incentives to improve the rate of return.

  12. Light-Duty Diesel Market Potential in North America | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology for the US Market Diesel Technology - Challenges & Opportunities for North America Diesel Engine Strategy & North American Market Challenges, Technology and Growth...

  13. EA-1678: Nissan North America, Inc., Advanced Technology Electric...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    8: Nissan North America, Inc., Advanced Technology Electric Vehicle Manufacturing Plant in Smyrna, TN EA-1678: Nissan North America, Inc., Advanced Technology Electric Vehicle...

  14. National Science Bowl Update: Teams from North Carolina and California...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Loma High School, Sacramento North Carolina North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics (HS), Durham The first-place high school team in the academic competition will win...

  15. North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Phasor Tools Visualization North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report - Phasor Tools Visualization This technical report was developed by the North American...

  16. Energy Secretary Moniz Will Host North American Energy Ministers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    highlight three key areas, including: 1) North American data collaboration, 2) Mexico's energy reform and its implications for the North American energy sector, and 3) creating a...

  17. President Obama Visits North Carolina's Cree, Inc., and Meets...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Visits North Carolina's Cree, Inc., and Meets with Council on Jobs and Competitiveness President Obama Visits North Carolina's Cree, Inc., and Meets with Council on Jobs and...

  18. Volvo Truck Headquarters in North Carolina to Host Event With...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Volvo Truck Headquarters in North Carolina to Host Event With Acting Under Secretary of Energy Majumdar Volvo Truck Headquarters in North Carolina to Host Event With Acting Under...

  19. Clean Cities: Land of Sky Clean Vehicles coalition (Western North...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition (Western North Carolina) The Land of Sky Clean Vehicles coalition (Western North Carolina) works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community...

  20. University of North Carolina Wilmington Watson College of Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adhar, Gur Saran

    University of North Carolina Wilmington Watson College of Education Distinguished Alumni Achievement Award The University of North Carolina Wilmington Watson College of Education Alumni Chapter would

  1. North American Energy Ministers Take Further Action on Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    North American Energy Ministers Take Further Action on Energy Security and the Environment North American Energy Ministers Take Further Action on Energy Security and the...

  2. Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy 2003 DEER Conference Presentation:...

  3. Energy Secretary Moniz Will Host North American Energy Ministers...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    three key areas, including: 1) North American data collaboration, 2) Mexico's energy reform and its implications for the North American energy sector, and 3) creating a resilient...

  4. Expanding North Carolina Energy Efficiency and Renewable Lending...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NORTH CAROLINA ENERGY LENDING PROGRAMS Page 1 Expanding North Carolina Energy Efficiency and Renewable Lending Programs: Market Snapshot SEPTEMBER 2010 Environmental Finance Center...

  5. Expanded North Carolina Lithium Facility Opens, Boosting U.S...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Expanded North Carolina Lithium Facility Opens, Boosting U.S. Production of a Key Manufacturing Material Expanded North Carolina Lithium Facility Opens, Boosting U.S. Production of...

  6. A commercial plasma source ion implantation facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheuer, J.T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Adler, R.A. [North Star Research Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Horne, W.G. [Empire Hard Chrome, Chicago, IL (United States)

    1996-10-01

    Empire Hard Chrome has recently installed commercial plasma source ion implantation (PSU) equipment built by North Star Research Corporation. Los Alamos National Laboratory has assisted in this commercialization effort via two Cooperative Research and Development Agreements to develop the plasma source for the equipment and to identify low-risk commercial PSII applications. The PSII system consists of a 1 m x 1 m cylindrical vacuum chamber with a rf plasma source. The pulse modulator is capable of delivering pulses kV and peak currents of 300 A at maximum repetition rate of 400 Hz. thyratron tube to switch a pulse forming network which is tailored to match the dynamic PSII load. In this paper we discuss the PSII system, process facility, and early commercial applications to production tooling.

  7. Silurian K-bentonites in North America and northwestern Europe: A trans-Atlantic comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergstroem, S.M. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences); Kolata, D.R. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States)); Huff, W.D. (Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States). Dept. of Geology)

    1993-03-01

    Little published information is available about Silurian K-bentonites in North America, but a few occurrences of such beds are known from the Great lakes region and Nova Scotia. Only a small number of beds are recorded from the former area, but the Nova Scotia occurrences include about 20 beds of Llandoverian age, the most extensive sequence of Silurian K-bentonites known in North America. In contrast, more than 150 K-bentonites occur in the Silurian successions in Baltoscandia and the British Isles. Virtually all beds in North America are of Llandoverian age. There are numerous beds of that age also in Norway, Denmark (Bornholm), the British Isles, and the Swedish mainland but the successions in Estonia, Gotland, and the British Isles also include many K-bentonites of Wenlockian and Ludlovian age. Apparently, no Pridolian beds are known in North America and northwestern Europe. Many graptolite-dated collections from more than 20 sections in Baltoscandia and from many sections in the British Isles suggest that several single beds, or complexes of beds, can be traced regionally and hence have event-stratigraphic potential. The relatively few beds known from North America all occur in biostratigraphic intervals containing K-bentonites in Europe, and it is possible that some of these beds may have a common source. The much larger number of beds in northwestern Europe compared with North America may be taken as an indication that the source area of the European K-bentonites was closer to Baltica than to Laurentia, and probably located somewhere in the northern Iapetus.

  8. Constraints on implementing environmental impact assessments in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kakonge, J.O. (UNDP, Maseru (South Africa)); Imevbore, A.M. (Univ. of Ile-ife (Nigeria))

    1993-09-01

    Africa can benefit from the experience of other areas in implementing environmental impact assessments (EIAs), but African countries face a greater challenge in achieving this goal due to such problems as inadequate environmental legislation; inappropriate institutional framework for coordination and monitoring government activities; a shortage of qualified manpower, inadequate financial resources; absence of public awareness of the need for EIAs; and lack of suitable screening procedures to determine which development projects require an EIA. Despite these difficulties, African countries can realize short- and long-term benefits from the incorporation of the EIA into their decision-making process.

  9. Solar Energy for Africa SEFA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium deEnergy InformationDepot IncHomeSystems IncAfrica

  10. Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica - CCSAccess,

  11. Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica -

  12. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape File, all

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica -Countries |

  13. Africa's Infrastructure: A Time for Transformation | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica -Countries

  14. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ Climate OrientedUnionUnitedKingdom:Africa Jump

  15. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950 Timeline ofTurkeyProgram | DepartmentU.S. andAfrica

  16. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    Developing countries Transition economies and OECD World Source: IEA, World Energy Outlook, 2006 Lacking electricity,

  17. The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -) ) The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony Paper to be presented in rural South Africa, with a special focus on electricity and telephone access. The micro data we analyse of the historically disadvantaged "deep rural" areas. In parallel to a doubled electricity access, we find a 14-fold

  18. The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Chapter 4 The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model #12;74 #12;75 The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model Abstract The onset and duration of primary moult were investigated for Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea

  19. Evaluating the Interstate Highway Transportation System in West Africa: Recommendations for an Integrated Highway Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyang, Lamin Bumi

    2010-12-17

    of travel along West African highways. Research indicates that traveling on West Africa’s highways can be onerous. In 2003, the African Development Bank admitted that what should be a 3-day trip from Bangua, Central African Republic, to Douala, Cameroon...

  20. New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    781 New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa P.W. Crous and M.J. Wingfield Ahstract:Although Africa and Indonesia have not been particularly well surveyed Eucalyptus leaves from Indonesia. The former species is of particular interest, because its anamorph

  1. NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY Recently two masters' students of visiting Norway to work with the Norwegian Forestry Research Institute (Skogforsk) in Ås. This opportunity arose from a bilateral agreement between the Governments of Norway and South Africa. For Gilbert

  2. "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa Priscilla" Integrated Water Resources Management in South Africa" a. Natural Conditions and Hydrology b. Pollution c. Population and a Legacy of Inequality d. New Legislation: The National Water Act of 1998 and the Water

  3. Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Jurgen Schuol,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Ju¨rgen Schuol,1,2 Karim C. Abbaspour,1 Hong a semidistributed hydrological model SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool), the freshwater components blue water. J. B. Zehnder (2008), Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa, Water Resour. Res., 44

  4. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in South Africa provides a limited number of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in South Africa provides a limited number of scholarships for refugees at the tertiary level in Government universities, technikons and colleges in South Africa. The scholarship originated from the Albert Einstein German Academic Refugee Initiative Fund (DAFI

  5. Sustainable Waste Management in Africa Accra, Ghana, May 26th-30th, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Sustainable Waste Management in Africa Accra, Ghana, May 26th-30th, 2014 The Earth Engineering & Waste Management (ISWM) of Ghana are pleased to announce that an interdisciplinary course and workshop course will focus on state of the art technologies for advancing sustainable waste management in Africa

  6. Tropospheric ozone climatology over Irene, South Africa, from 1990 to 1994 and 1998 to 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Tropospheric ozone climatology over Irene, South Africa, from 1990 to 1994 and 1998 to 2002 R. D the characteristic Southern Hemisphere springtime tropospheric ozone maximum, but its seasonal features are modulated anticyclonic gyre over southern Africa permit the buildup of relatively high springtime midtropospheric ozone

  7. Climate change and human health: Spatial modeling of water availability, malnutrition, and livelihoods in Mali, Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    , and livelihoods in Mali, Africa Marta M. Jankowskaa,*,1 , David Lopez-Carrb,1 , Chris Funkc , Gregory J. Husakd Malnutrition Mali-Africa Livelihoods a b s t r a c t This study develops a novel approach for projecting climate trends in the Sahel in relation to shifting livelihood zones and health outcomes. Focusing on Mali

  8. Health and Disease in East Africa Course Syllabus; Spring 2011 Interdisciplinary Perspectives on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Health and Disease in East Africa Course Syllabus; Spring 2011 1 Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Global Health and Disease: Uganda PHS 644: Section 30 Course Syllabus ­ Spring 2012 Wednesdays 5 Prerequisites: Graduate and health professional students who plan field study in Uganda and/or East Africa

  9. 15 Energy for development: solar home systemsin Africa and global carbon emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    15 Energy for development: solar home systemsin Africa and global carbon emissions RICHARD D. DUKEl, private and non- governmental organization (NGG) projects have already targeted SHS in Africa. The World;market transformation;photovoltaics; solar home systems; buydown ABST RACT A growingnumberofrural

  10. Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration Renewable Energy in South Africa September 23, 2013 11:30 a.m. ­ 12:30 p.m, Engineering East 303C@fau.edu FAU's Division of Research and Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center invite you

  11. THE MURCHISON GREENSTONE BELT, SOUTH AFRICA: ACCRETED1 SLIVERS WITH CONTRASTING METAMORPHIC CONDITIONS2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 THE MURCHISON GREENSTONE BELT, SOUTH AFRICA: ACCRETED1 SLIVERS WITH CONTRASTING METAMORPHIC.09-2.92 Ga Murchison30 Greenstone Belt (MGB), located in South Africa's Kaapvaal Craton, and discusses deformation patterns observed throughout the belt. These patterns are explained by a N-S compressional36

  12. North Shore Gas- Residential Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The North Shore Gas Natural Gas Savings Program offers incentives to encourage customers to make energy-efficient improvements to their homes and apartment buildings. Rebates are available on...

  13. North Carolina Residential Energy Code Field Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lead Performer: Appalachian State University – Boone, NCPartners: North Carolina Energy Efficiency Alliance – Boone, NCDOE Total Funding: $774,723Cost Share: $89,301Project Term: 2014 – 2017Funding...

  14. a journey of intellectual inquiry university of north carolina wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlik, Joseph

    a journey of intellectual inquiry university of north carolina wilmington a journey of intellectual inquiryof intellectual inquiryof university of north carolina wilmington re:search #12;University of North correspondence to: University of North Carolina Wilmington Research Services and Sponsored Programs 601 South

  15. Cross-gyre transport by North Brazil Current rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross-gyre transport by North Brazil Current rings William E. Johnsa*, Rainer J. Zantoppa of the North Brazil Current Rings Experiment are used to assess the role played by NBC rings in tropical the seasonal retroflection of the North Brazil Current into the North Equatorial Countercurrent near 6o N

  16. Ethanol Pathways in the 2050 North American Transportation Futures Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-18

    A paper discussing the various ethanol pathways in the 2050 North American Transportation Futures Study

  17. North Carolina Nonprofit Helps Spread the Word About Weatherization

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    See a North Carolina's innovative approach to educating constituents about energy efficiency at home.

  18. Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya by Katherine Steel Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  19. A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa 2007 #12;2 Abstract In the Southern Hemisphere over Africa a mid-tropospheric easterly jet stream exists during some months that is analogous to the African Easterly Jet over West Africa. In this note

  20. Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Çöltekin, Arzu

    1 Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Metereology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 2 GIScience Center, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Abstract South Africa is faced

  1. Aurecon South Africa Aurecon provides world class technical expertise and innovative solutions on projects in more than 80

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Aurecon South Africa Aurecon provides world class technical expertise and innovative solutions on projects in more than 80 countries across Africa, Asia Pacific and the Middle East. As a global multi to make a difference. We have offices in all major cities throughout South Africa. How to Apply

  2. STUDIES IN MYCOLOGY 55: 1333. 2006. How many species of fungi are there at the tip of Africa?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13 STUDIES IN MYCOLOGY 55: 13­33. 2006. How many species of fungi are there at the tip of Africa, Pretoria, South Africa; 3 Biosystematics Division, ARC Plant Protection Research Institute, P. Bag X134, Queenswood, Pretoria 0121, South Africa; 4 ARC Plant Protection Research Institute, P. Bag X5017

  3. 11.4 CLIP: CLIMATE-LAND INTERACTION PROJECT--INVESTIGATING HUMAN-CLIMATE INTERACTIONS IN EAST AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA Brent M. Lofgren* Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, Michigan Nathan J Africa is a region with an economy that is rapidly developing in a variety of sectors, an ex- panding to have significant effects on climate in other parts of Africa, leading to feedback between vegetation

  4. PhD position In situ assessment of greenhouse gases and ammonia emissions from livestock systems in East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    in East Africa The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI, www.ilri.org) in cooperation on greenhouse gases (GHG) and ammonia emissions from different livestock systems in East Africa. The candidate Africa by means of a combination of chamber measurements, eddy covariance techniques and other

  5. Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (2013): 363-387 Additions to the lizard diversity of the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (2013): 363-387 Additions to the lizard diversity of the Horn of Africa: Two Böhme2 Abstract. The Horn of Africa is a center of diversity for African agamid lizards. Among the nine species of Agama occurring in the Horn of Africa, Agama spinosa is the most widely distributed. The A

  6. A westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation, drying eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Park

    , drying eastern Africa A. Park Williams · Chris Funk Received: 3 June 2010 / Accepted: 21 December 2010 Ó Africa. In recent decades (1980­2009), this response has suppressed convection over tropical eastern Africa, decreasing precipitation during the `long-rains' season of March­June. This trend toward drought

  7. North River, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire:source History ViewLittlePerry,Prairie,Ohio:River,

  8. Lithium ion sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Prabir K.

    2014-01-01

    HIFAN 1866 Lithium ion sources by Prabir K. Roy, Wayne G.No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. Lithium ion sources Prabir K. Roya source of ?100 mA lithium ion current for the Neutralized

  9. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Daniel B.

    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chen Weili Lin§ Daniel B. Rowe¶ Bradley G. Peterson The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, hzhu@bios.unc.edu The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, liyimei

  10. Electrolytes for power sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doddapaneni, N.; Ingersoll, D.

    1995-01-03

    Electrolytes are disclosed for power sources, particularly alkaline and acidic power sources, comprising benzene polysulfonic acids and benzene polyphosphonic acids or salts of such acids. 7 figures.

  11. Electrolytes for power sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doddapaneni, Narayan (Albuquerque, NM); Ingersoll, David (Albuquerque, NM)

    1995-01-01

    Electrolytes for power sources, particularly alkaline and acidic power sources, comprising benzene polysulfonic acids and benzene polyphosphonic acids or salts of such acids.

  12. Observations and transport theory analysis of low frequency, acoustic mode propagation in the Eastern North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    in the Eastern North Pacific Ocean Tarun K. Chandrayadulaa) and John A. Colosi Naval Postgraduate School order mode statistics as a function of range and source depth are presented from the Long Range Ocean of ocean acoustics research for decades. Fluctuation statistics are crucial to achieve more coherent sig

  13. A study of mid-latitude tropopause characteristics over eastern North America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Ben Howard

    1962-01-01

    ). This objective definition is described in considerable detail in Chapter TT of this thesis. The meteorological significance of such secondary tropopauses has not been determined. CHAPT SR II ANALYSIS PROCSDURE Source of Data Data from eight upper...A STUDY OF MID IATITUDE TROPOPAUSE CHARACTERISTICS OVER EASTERN NORTH AMERICA A Thesis By BEN HOHARD HOUSTON Captain, USAF Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment...

  14. Biocorrosive Thermophilic Microbial Communities in Alaskan North Slope Oil Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duncan, Kathleen E.; Gieg, Lisa M.; Parisi, Victoria A.; Tanner, Ralph S.; Green Tringe, Susannah; Bristow, Jim; Suflita, Joseph M.

    2009-09-16

    Corrosion of metallic oilfield pipelines by microorganisms is a costly but poorly understood phenomenon, with standard treatment methods targeting mesophilic sulfatereducing bacteria. In assessing biocorrosion potential at an Alaskan North Slope oil field, we identified thermophilic hydrogen-using methanogens, syntrophic bacteria, peptideand amino acid-fermenting bacteria, iron reducers, sulfur/thiosulfate-reducing bacteria and sulfate-reducing archaea. These microbes can stimulate metal corrosion through production of organic acids, CO2, sulfur species, and via hydrogen oxidation and iron reduction, implicating many more types of organisms than are currently targeted. Micromolar quantities of putative anaerobic metabolites of C1-C4 n-alkanes in pipeline fluids were detected, implying that these low molecular weight hydrocarbons, routinely injected into reservoirs for oil recovery purposes, are biodegraded and provide biocorrosive microbial communities with an important source of nutrients.

  15. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    OECD World Source: IEA, World Energy Outlook, 2006 Lackingreproduced from IEA, World Energy Outlook, 2006 Fuel-based

  16. Natural gas hydrates on the North Slope of Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collett, T.S.

    1991-01-01

    Gas hydrates are crystalline substances composed of water and gas, mainly methane, in which a solid-water lattice accommodates gas molecules in a cage-like structure, or clathrate. These substances often have been regarded as a potential (unconventional) source of natural gas. Significant quantities of naturally occurring gas hydrates have been detected in many regions of the Arctic including Siberia, the Mackenzie River Delta, and the North Slope of Alaska. On the North Slope, the methane-hydrate stability zone is areally extensive beneath most of the coastal plain province and has thicknesses as great as 1000 meters in the Prudhoe Bay area. Gas hydrates have been identified in 50 exploratory and production wells using well-log responses calibrated to the response of an interval in one well where gas hydrates were recovered in a core by ARCO Alaska and EXXON. Most of these gas hydrates occur in six laterally continuous Upper Cretaceous and lower Tertiary sandstone and conglomerate units; all these gas hydrates are geographically restricted to the area overlying the eastern part of the Kuparuk River Oil Field and the western part of the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field. The volume of gas within these gas hydrates is estimated to be about 1.0 {times} 10{sup 12} to 1.2 {times} 10{sup 12} cubic meters (37 to 44 trillion cubic feet), or about twice the volume of conventional gas in the Prudhoe Bay Field. Geochemical analyses of well samples suggest that the identified hydrates probably contain a mixture of deep-source thermogenic gas and shallow microbial gas that was either directly converted to gas hydrate or first concentrated in existing traps and later converted to gas hydrate. The thermogenic gas probably migrated from deeper reservoirs along the same faults thought to be migration pathways for the large volumes of shallow, heavy oil that occur in this area. 51 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. North Carolina Nuclear Profile - All Fuels

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010" "Primary energy source","Summer capacity (mw)","Share of State total (percent)","Net...

  18. Occurrence of aflatoxins in human foodstuffs in South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loetter, L.H.; Kroehm, H.J.

    1988-02-01

    Aflatoxins are toxic metabolites of Aspergillus spp and have been reported as contaminants in a number of foodstuffs, namely corn, rice, peanuts, and cereals. In the Republic of South Africa, aflatoxin levels in human foodstuffs are limited to a maximum of 10 ..mu..g/kg for the total and 5 ..mu..g/kg for aflatoxin B/sub 1/. During 1985 and 1986, samples of sorghum beer, sorghum cereal, peanuts, peanut butter and maize meal were purchased from supermarkets in Johannesburg and analyzed for aflatoxins. A total of 414 samples were analyzed during the survey. In 1985, roughly a third of the samples were contaminated with aflatoxins, with no levels in excess of the legal limit. In 1986 the percentage of contaminated samples rose significantly, but the levels of contamination remained low, with only one sample exceeding the legal maximum.

  19. California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends: Project Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

    2011-01-01

    California’s North Coast Fishing Communities HistoricalCalifornia’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historicalprovided by North Coast fishing community members, including

  20. Family Obligation across Contexts: Latino Youth in North Carolina and Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yahirun, Jenjira; Perreira, Krista; Fuligni, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    Newcomers to North Carolina: Demographic Characteristics and37 (2): 221-236. North Carolina Institute of Medicine. 2003.Health. Durham, NC: North Carolina Institute of Medicine.

  1. Education's 'Perfect Storm?' Racial Resegregation, "High Stakes" Testing, & School Inequities: The Case of North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boger, John Charles

    2002-01-01

    INEQUITIES: THE CASE OF NORTH CAROLINA John Charles BogerIn Chapel Hill, North Carolina on The Resegregation ofINEQUITIES: THE CASE OF NORTH CAROLINA Introduction I.

  2. The Potential Impact of a Strict Voter Identification Law on Transgender Voters in North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jody, Herman

    2013-01-01

    transgender residents of North Carolina. Grant, Jaime M. ,Transgender Voters in North Carolina Jody L. Herman Februaryphoto ID at the polls. If North Carolina were to implement a

  3. Institutionalizing Disparities in Education: A Case Study of Segregation in Wayne County, North Carolina High Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joyner, Ann Moss; Marsh, Ben

    2011-01-01

    7). Address to the North Carolina state board of education.resegregation in North Carolina’s public school classrooms (behavior support. North Carolina Department of Public

  4. Lessons and Experiences from a Stream Restoration Project in the Piedmont of North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Thomas; Hajnos, Edward

    2007-01-01

    Supervisor, North Carolina Ecosystem Enhancement Program,in Yadkin County, North Carolina. The purpose of this studywestern Piedmont of North Carolina. Stream restoration in

  5. North Carolina – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sears, Brad

    2009-01-01

    visited Sept. 6. 2009). NORTH CAROLINA Williams InstituteReg. Sess. (N.C. 2005). NORTH CAROLINA Williams Institutein previous sessions of the North Carolina General Assembly,

  6. The North American Free Trade Agreement: A Legal Analysis of Effects and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard

    1994-01-01

    Proposed North American Free Trade Agreement,' August 12,Proposed North American Free Trade Agreement," August 12,THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT: A LEGAL ANALYSIS OF

  7. North Dakota/Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd| OpenInformation 9thNorth Central PowerNorth

  8. North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd| OpenInformation 9thNorth CentralNorth Dakota:

  9. North Sky River | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd| OpenInformation 9thNorthNewton SchoolNorthSky

  10. Environmental Information Sources: Websites and Books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrode, Flora

    2011-01-01

    and water management. ** IRC International Water CentreFounded in 1968, “the IRC International Water and Sanitationwill use and maintain. ” IRC works with partners in Africa,

  11. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    sectoral policies and strategies. He emphasized the need to scale up investment in the production and consumption of energy services if Africa is meant to be the next global...

  12. Unlocking Africa's poverty trap : holistic approach to BOP investment in agribusiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Elli

    2013-01-01

    This paper identifies subsistence farming as a significant opportunity for poverty reduction and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. By taking a holistic, standardized, and bundled approach, this paper proposes an ...

  13. Solar capabilities : promoting, technological learning in South Africa's photovoltaic supply industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Janelle N., 1978-

    2003-01-01

    I explore the mechanisms through which technological capabilities have been built in the market for photovoltaic (PV) module and balance of system (BOS) manufacture in South Africa. Drawing on the literature on technology ...

  14. Characterization of novel rice germplasm from West Africa and genetic marker associations with rice cooking quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traore, Karim

    2006-10-30

    Genetic resource enhancement is the foundation of any good breeding program. Landraces from West Africa, interspecifics between Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima and improved lines from the West African Rice Development Association and other...

  15. Surficial sediments of the continental rise and slope, Niger Delta, West Africa: properties and geology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobilka, David William

    1999-01-01

    The submarine portions of the Niger Delta, West Africa are undergoing active gravity tectonic deformation due to thick deposits of ductile shale overlain by paralic sands. Because the region is rich in hydrocarbon reserves, the subdermal Niger Delta...

  16. Policy Responses to Human Trafficking in Southern Africa: Domesticating International Norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Britton, Hannah E.; Dean, Laura A.

    2014-01-01

    Human trafficking is increasingly recognized as an outcome of economic insecurity, gender inequality, and conflict, all significant factors in the region of southern Africa. This paper examines policy responses to human trafficking in southern...

  17. Cell-Phones and Spears: Indigenous Cultural Transition Within the Maasai of East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summitt, April R.

    2002-03-01

    The Maasai of East Africa are excellent examples of Indigenous culture in transition. In spite of pressure from the outside, Maasai currently maintain their cultural identity to choose which parts of western culture and ...

  18. International survey of options to fund regional science and technology in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International survey of options to fund regional science and technology in Africa December 2006 nations making real contributions to the implementation of the CPA. Whilst it is suggested that in time

  19. Tackling Africa's chronic disease burden: from the local to the global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Unwin, Nigel; Agyemang, Charles; Allotey, Pascale; Campbell, Catherine; Arhinful, Daniel

    2010-04-19

    Abstract Africa faces a double burden of infectious and chronic diseases. While infectious diseases still account for at least 69% of deaths on the continent, age specific mortality rates from chronic diseases as a whole are actually higher in sub...

  20. Comrades still struggling: class, nationalism and the Tripartite Alliance in post-apartheid South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beresford, Alexander Roy

    2011-07-04

    This thesis examines the trajectories of class politics in post-apartheid South Africa. It investigates whether we can witness South African politics entering into a post-nationalist era characterised by the increasing salience of class struggles...

  1. Rural development in practice? The experience of the ‡Khomani bushmen in the Northern Cape, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Julie

    2012-06-29

    This thesis analyses the dynamics, complexities and numerous obstacles that serve to constrain rural development within the ‡Khomani Community of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Following the end of Apartheid, ...

  2. Environmental Entanglements: The Intersectionality of Youth Participation in an Eco-Schools Club in South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Sertanya

    2012-11-29

    Youth participation in environmental issues tends to be unquestionably accepted simply as something ‘good’. This research takes a step back to critically explore youth participation in an Eco-Schools club in a girls’ high school in South Africa...

  3. Geological and thermochronological evolution of the lower crust of southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitz, Mark D. (Mark David), 1972-

    2002-01-01

    Geochronological, thermochronological and isotopic studies of kimberlite-borne crustal xenoliths have been used to elucidate the architecture and thermal evolution of the continental lithosphere of southern Africa. U-Pb ...

  4. A cost-benefit approach to youth vocational training schemes in Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuanyin, Emmanuel Bol

    1974-01-01

    A COST-BENEFIT APPROACH TO YOUTH VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHEMES IN AFRICA A Thesis By EMMANUEL BOL KUANY IN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... Oecember 1974 Major Subject: Economic s A COST-BENEFIT APPROACH TO YOUTH VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHEMES IN AFRICA A Thesis EMMANUEL BOL KUANYIN As Approved to Style and Content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member ~ ~ (Member...

  5. The Unknown Ecology of an Environmental Pathogen: Buruli ulcer Disease in West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Lindsay P.

    2013-11-20

    GIS DAY 2013 THE UNKNOWN ECOLOGY OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL PATHOGEN: BURULI ULCER DISEASE IN WEST AFRICA LINDSAY CAMPBELL ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Buruli Ulcer Disease (BU) ? Mycobacterium ulcerans (MU) ? Environmental... Africa using a correlative modeling approach Images courtesy of Lindsay Campbell and http://www.who.int/buruli/photos Occurrence Data ? Laboratory confirmed cases ? (1997 – 2006) ? Sampling bias ? Random points ? 3 data sets ? ~275 locations...

  6. Contracting Out of Service Activities and the Effects on Sectoral Employment Patterns in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 CONTRACTING OUT OF SERVICE ACTIVITIES AND THE EFFECTS ON SECTORAL EMPLOYMENT PATTERNS IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT This paper develops a methodology and uses household... and labour survey data to analyse the extent of intersectoral outsourcing of the employment of specific labour-intensive activities in South Africa from 1997-2007. It is shown that the relatively high growth in services employment is driven by an expansion...

  7. University of North Carolina Wilmington 601 S. College Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    University of North Carolina Wilmington 601 S. College Road Wilmington NC 28403-5951 910: University of North Carolina Wilmington Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid 601 S. College Road

  8. University of North Carolina Wilmington Master of Social Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    1 University of North Carolina Wilmington Master of Social Work STUDENT HANDBOOK School of Social of Social Work at the University of North Carolina Wilmington began its unique clinically-focused program

  9. EECBG Success Story: North Pole's Holiday Wish for an Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Pole's Holiday Wish for an Energy Efficient 2012 EECBG Success Story: North Pole's Holiday Wish for an Energy Efficient 2012 December 23, 2011 - 4:20pm Addthis The city of North...

  10. Information Technology Systems University of North Carolina Wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Information Technology Systems University of North Carolina Wilmington Last updated 9 OK. #12;Information Technology Systems University of North Carolina Wilmington the Citrix Receiver. You will doubleclick "Install Citrix Receiver.pkg" #12;Information Technology Systems

  11. EA-1920: Border Winds 2, North Dakota

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE’s Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposed wind turbine generation facility in Rolette and Towner Counties in North Dakota. If the proposal is implemented, power generated by this facility would interconnect at an existing substation and would be distributed via an existing transmission line owned and operated by Western.

  12. The North American Forest Sector Outlook Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to consumption patterns for wood products and bioenergy. Markets for wood products, which mainly are destined in the forest sector of North America 21 3.1 Forest inventory 21 3.2 Aggregate production, consumption, Canada, carbon sequestration, climate change, consumption, demand, econometric, EFSOS, export, fellings

  13. NorthFairwayRd. Indoor Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomulkiewicz, Richard

    orne Cir. Grimes Way Bill Chipman Trail LincolnDrive aWsillEy Ferdinand's Lane FairwayLn. College Ave. Landis Pl. Lower Dr. JuniperWy. Upper Dr. Williams Dr.Valley Rd. Illinois St. North Fairway Rd. Round Top Feeding Lab Annex Environmental Health Services Bear Facility Lab Animal Facility Wilmer Davis Community

  14. University of North Florida Logistics and Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asaithambi, Asai

    AST&L University of North Florida Logistics and Supply Chain Management Logistics and distribution skills training to begin and advance your career #12;Certification in Transportation and Logistics Cohort Program The UNF Certification in Transportation and Logistics (CTL) Cohort Program is a jointly sponsored

  15. North Dakota State University Postoc Biobased Polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    North Dakota State University Postoc ­ Biobased Polymers A postdoctoral position is available in the area of synthesis and characterization of novel biobased thermosetting polymer systems for coatings will include the synthesis of monomers and polymers, preparation of coatings, thermosets, etc., preparation

  16. SUPPLIERS OF BENEFICIAL ORGANISMS IN NORTH AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    SUPPLIERS OF BENEFICIAL ORGANISMS IN NORTH AMERICA Charles D. Hunter Hippodamia convergens on commercial suppliers of benefical organisms in Mexico. I also thank Dr. Michael J. Oraze, Acting Director APHIS' views. DISCLAIMER Inclusion in this publication does not imply an endorsement of the suppliers

  17. Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON P. EVANS, AND RONALD B. SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON in the north, the Taurus Moun- tains of Turkey, and the Zagros Plateau in Iran. Inter- secting atmospheric

  18. North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosson, C. Parr; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Moulton, Kirby S.; Sanders, Larry D.

    1999-06-23

    -term view of U.S.-Mexico trade and the implications of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)....

  19. North West Shelf pipeline. Part 2 (conclusion). Laying Australia's North West Shelf pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seymour, E.V.; Craze, D.J.; Ruinen, W.

    1984-05-14

    Details of the construction of Australia's North West Shelf gas pipeline cover the pipelaying operation, trunkline-to-riser tie-in, posttrenching, backfilling, slugcatcher construction, connection with the shore terminal, and hydrostatic testing.

  20. NORTH SAN MATEO COUNTY SANITATION DISTRICT December 1, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    NORTH SAN MATEO COUNTY SANITATION DISTRICT December 1, 2014 US Army Corps of Engineers, Attn: CECW, on behalf of its subsidiary, the North San Mateo County Sanitation District, consistent with the Water of Daly City, California, on behalf of its subsidiary, the North San Mateo County Sanitation District. 2

  1. 2014 UNCW Annual Security Report University of North Carolina Wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    2014 UNCW Annual Security Report University of North Carolina Wilmington University Police prepares Policy Statement 21 North Carolina Sex Offender Registry 25 Clery Crime Statistics 26 Hate Crimes 28 #12;1 A Message from the Chief The services, collaborations and culture of the University of North Carolina

  2. Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina Annual Technical Report FY 2008 Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina Annual Technical Report FY Institute of The University of North Carolina supported research from 6 universities for 37 related projects

  3. (Rev. July 2006) University of North Carolina Wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Payroll-DD (Rev. July 2006) University of North Carolina Wilmington DIRECT DEPOSIT AUTHORIZATION deposit slip must be attached for each account listed above. I authorize UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA: University of North Carolina Wilmington Payroll Office ­ Hoggard Hall Room 160 601 South College Road

  4. Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina Annual Technical Report FY of The University of North Carolina supported research from five universities for seven related projects. Research of The University of North Carolina is responsible for fostering and developing a research training and information

  5. The University of North Carolina at Charlotte Student Health Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jiancheng

    The University of North Carolina at Charlotte Student Health Center 9201 University City Blvd the services available to you visit our website: www.studenthealth.uncc.edu. North Carolina state law requires Health Center. Under North Carolina regulations a student must be dropped from his or her classes

  6. UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA General Records Retention and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    #12;UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA General Records Retention and Disposition Schedule April 2007 #12;MANAGING PUBLIC RECORDS IN THE STATE-SUPPORTED UNIVERSITIES OF NORTH CAROLINA Introduction in the University of North Carolina System (UNC) to use when managing the records in their offices. It lists records

  7. C Watson School of Education University of North Carolina Wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    C Watson School of Education University of North Carolina Wilmington 601 South College Road Wilmington, NC 28403-5991 www.uncw.edu/ed/ Battleship North Carolina Model Bequeathed to the university a place of honor in Legacy Hall. The USS North Carolina has strong ties to the state's public schools

  8. North Carolina Section 319(h) NPS Program Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, William F.

    North Carolina Section 319(h) NPS Program Final Report Project Title: Toisnot Creek Stormwater BMP and erosion control practices being tested in North Carolina, but much less demonstration and research as the neighboring Tar-Pamlico Basin. 1 #12;North Carolina Section 319(h) NPS Program Final Report Eight different

  9. The University of North Carolina Wilmington SCHOOL OF NURSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    The University of North Carolina Wilmington SCHOOL OF NURSING in the College of Health and Human;UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON SCHOOL of NURSING STUDENT HANDBOOK PREFACE The purpose to the programs of the University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW) School of Nursing (SON). The information

  10. PUBLICATIONS TRANSMITTAL FORM NORTH CAROLINA STATE PUBLICATIONS CLEARINGHOUSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    PUBLICATIONS TRANSMITTAL FORM NORTH CAROLINA STATE PUBLICATIONS CLEARINGHOUSE G.S. 125-11 requires 27699-4643 #12;COPYRIGHT RELEASE FORM NORTH CAROLINA STATE PUBLICATIONS CLEARINGHOUSE Title POLICY STATEMENT To disseminate as widely as possible timely and significant information to North Carolina citizens

  11. UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON Parking and Transportation Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON Parking and Transportation Services 601 South College Road, Wilmington, North Carolina 28403-5914 TEL. 910-962-3178 | FAX 910-962-3618 Lost Parking Permit Affidavit UNCW.00, forfeiture of permit privileges in accordance with University of North Carolina Wilmington Traffic

  12. Evaluation of Level Spreaders in the Piedmont of North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, William F.

    Evaluation of Level Spreaders in the Piedmont of North Carolina Final Report Prepared By: Jon Carolina State University July, 2006 Submitted To: North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural;1.0 Introduction In 1998, the State of North Carolina implemented rules protecting riparian buffers in several

  13. University of North Carolina at Wilmington DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    1 University of North Carolina at Wilmington DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WORK MASTER OF SOCIAL WORK of North Carolina at Wilmington, which is primarily concerned with the provision of a sound professional of North Carolina system. UNCW is one of sixteen campuses in the UNC system; one of the most well regarded

  14. Fishing Communities Facts North Carolina's commercial fishing communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12; #12; Fishing Communities Facts North Carolina's commercial fishing communities tend fisheries. The number of commercial fish processors and wholesale dealers for North Carolina, South fishing trips in the U.S. The Big Rock Blue Marlin Fishing Tournament in Morehead City, North Carolina

  15. Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina Annual Technical Report FY Conference. Research Program The Water Resources Research Institute of The University of North Carolina colleges and universities in North Carolina to apprise them of the opportunity to submit proposals

  16. COLLEGE OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES University of North Carolina Wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    COLLEGE OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES University of North Carolina Wilmington DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES administrative unit, the College of Health and Human Services, approved by the University of North Carolina was established by members of the Brewer and Boddie families of eastern North Carolina to enable the SON

  17. COLLEGE OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES University of North Carolina Wilmington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    COLLEGE OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES University of North Carolina Wilmington FACT SHEET 2011 by the North Carolina Board of Nursing · Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) The Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) Program Approved by the North Carolina Board of Nursing · Bachelor of Social Work

  18. University of North Carolina Wilmington Abrons Student Health Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    University of North Carolina Wilmington Abrons Student Health Center REQUIRED Immunization & Medical History Form North Carolina Law requires documentation of immunizations within 30 days from it PRIOR TO ORIENTATION to University of North Carolina Wilmington Abrons Student Health Center 601 S

  19. Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina Annual Technical Report FY) of The University of North Carolina added to its research and technology transfer efforts new programs funded Resources and constituent institutions of The University of North Carolina that collectively close knowledge

  20. Neuse River Basin, North Carolina Ecosystem Restoration Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Neuse River Basin, North Carolina Ecosystem Restoration Project 5 October 2012 ABSTRACT: The study area encompasses the Neuse River Basin, the third-largest river basin in North Carolina. The Basin, upstream of the city of New Bern, North Carolina. At New Bern the river broadens dramatically and changes

  1. OF THE COLEO!PTERA NORTH OF MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    , · "' f A CATALOG OF THE COLEO!PTERA OF AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO FAMILY: MICROMALTHIDAE Qm - UNITED SERVICE #12;FAMILIES OF COLEOPTERA IN AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO Fascicle t Family Yearissued Fascicle I OF THE COLEOPTERA OF AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO FAMILY: MICROMALTHIDAE BY MICHAEL D. ATKINS CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY

  2. Cancer Prevention in Eastern North Carolina Task 3: Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, K.

    1 Cancer Prevention in Eastern North Carolina Task 3: Final Report A Cancer Profile of Eastern, MPA Interim Manager, NC Comprehensive Cancer Program North Carolina Department of Health and Human University Greenville, NC 27834 Contract # 02776-12 #12;2 Project Title: Cancer Prevention in Eastern North

  3. ECOSYSTEM INDICATORS AND TRENDS USED BY FOCI NORTH PACIFIC REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of atmospheric forcing and physical oceanographic response of the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea Pacific whick is taken as an indicator of a change in the PDO. Ocean temperatures throughout the North temperature variability. The PDO is a long- lived, El Niño-like pattern of North Pacific Ocean climate

  4. Satellite observations and numerical simulations of jet-front gravity waves over North America and North Atlantic Ocean 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Meng

    2008-10-10

    SIMULATIONS OF JET-FRONT GRAVITY WAVES OVER NORTH AMERICA AND NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN A Thesis by MENG ZHANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 2008 Major Subject: Atmospheric Sciences SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS AND NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF JET-FRONT GRAVITY WAVES OVER NORTH AMERICA AND NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN A Thesis by MENG ZHANG Submitted to the Office...

  5. DC source assemblies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campbell, Jeremy B; Newson, Steve

    2013-02-26

    Embodiments of DC source assemblies of power inverter systems of the type suitable for deployment in a vehicle having an electrically grounded chassis are provided. An embodiment of a DC source assembly comprises a housing, a DC source disposed within the housing, a first terminal, and a second terminal. The DC source also comprises a first capacitor having a first electrode electrically coupled to the housing, and a second electrode electrically coupled to the first terminal. The DC source assembly further comprises a second capacitor having a first electrode electrically coupled to the housing, and a second electrode electrically coupled to the second terminal.

  6. NAME: Restoring Coastal Estuarine Habitat in Three North Carolina Estuaries LOCATION: Brunswick, Carteret, Onslow and New Hanover Counties, North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    NAME: Restoring Coastal Estuarine Habitat in Three North Carolina Estuaries LOCATION: Brunswick, Carteret, Onslow and New Hanover Counties, North Carolina ACRES: 9.3 acres of oyster habitat and 1.24 acres of saltmarsh habitat NON-FEDERAL SPONSOR: North Carolina Coastal Federation PROJECT DESCRIPTION: The proposed

  7. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 28, NO. 13, PAGES 2485-2488, JUL 1, 2001 Tectospheric structure beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    beneath southern Africa D. E. James,1 M. J. Fouch,1,2 J. C. VanDecar,1,3 S. van der Lee4 and Kaapvaal Seismic Group5 Abstract. P-wave and S-wave delay times from the broad- band data of the southern Africa in the mantle beneath southern Africa. High velocity mantle roots appear to extend to depths of at least 250 km

  8. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 28, NO. 13,PAGES 2485-2488, JULY 1,2001 Tectospheric structure beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Stephen Shangxing

    beneath southern Africa D. E. James,1M. J. Fouch,1'2J. C. VanDecar, KaapvaalSeismicGroup5 S. van der Lee4 and Abstract. P-wave and S-wavedelay times from the broad- band data of the southern Africa seismicexperiment southern Africa. High velocity mantle roots appear to extend to depths of at least 250 km, and locally

  9. Energy consumption and economic development in West Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chima, C.M.

    1987-01-01

    This study evaluates the commercial energy sector of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Presently, an economic union exists between the 16 countries of West Africa that are members of ECOWAS. Although the ECOWAS region has plentiful resources of commercial energy, it faces problems in this sector for two reasons. First is the problem resulting from the diminishing traditional energy resources such as wood fuel and charcoal. Second, most ECOWAS members, except Nigeria, are net importers of commercial energy, and hence face a high import burden for oil. Liquid petroleum is the dominant form of commercial energy used in the ECOWAS despite the availability of other resources. This author basically argues that the best policy and strategy solution for dealing with energy problems is through a combination of regional cooperative effort, and a more-intensive country level. The intensity-of-use hypothesis is tested with case studies of Ghana, the Ivory Coast, and Nigeria. The results indicate that newly developing countries can deviate from the expectations of the hypothesis.

  10. Evaluation of hydrothermal resources of North Dakota. Phase III final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, K.L.; Howell, F.L.; Wartman, B.L.; Anderson, S.B.

    1982-08-01

    The hydrothermal resources of North Dakota were evaluated. This evaluation was based on existing data on file with the North Dakota Geological Survey (NDGS) and other state and federal agencies, and field and laboratory studies conducted. The principal sources of data used during the study were WELLFILE, the computer library of oil and gas well data developed during the Phase I study, and WATERCAT, a computer library system of water well data assembled during the Phase II study. A field survey of the shallow geothermal gradients present in selected groundwater observation holes was conducted. Laboratory determinations of the thermal conductivity of core samples were done to facilitate heat-flow calculations on those holes-of-convenience cased.

  11. Reproductive Health and Repatriation of Refugee Women in Africa: A Case of Liberian Refugee Women on Buduburam Camp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DAUDA, DEBORAH

    2012-01-01

    Africa. Retrieved from Liberia: Chronic Malnutrition Blamedwww.newnarratives.org/liberia-chronic-malnutrition-blamed-S. A. (1953). This is Liberia: A Brief History of this Land

  12. Diabat L., Blanc Ph., Wald L., Solar radiation climate in Africa. Solar Energy, 76, 733-744, 2004. SOLAR RADIATION CLIMATE IN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Diabaté L., Blanc Ph., Wald L., Solar radiation climate in Africa. Solar Energy, 76, 733-744, 2004 is very useful for preliminary assessment and modeling of solar energy systems. Following the approach: clearness index, atmosphere optics, clustering, interpolation, map, solar energy systems Nomenclature: (KTd

  13. Application of carbon nanotubes as electrodes in gas discharge tubes Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 W. Simendingera) and C. Debbault Raychem Co., P.O. Box 3000, Fuquay-Varina, North Carolina 27526-3000 H. Shimoda, L. Fleming, B. Stoner, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 Received 15 November 1999; accepted

  14. Photometric Redshifts in the Hawaii-Hubble Deep Field-North (H-HDF-N)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, G; Luo, B; Brandt, W N; Alexander, D M; Bauer, F E; Cui, W; Kong, X; Lehmer, B D; Wang, J -X; Wu, X -B; Yuan, F; Yuan, Y -F; Zhou, H Y

    2014-01-01

    We derive photometric redshifts (\\zp) for sources in the entire ($\\sim0.4$ deg$^2$) Hawaii-Hubble Deep Field-North (\\hdfn) field with the EAzY code, based on point spread function-matched photometry of 15 broad bands from the ultraviolet (\\bandu~band) to mid-infrared (IRAC 4.5 $\\mu$m). Our catalog consists of a total of 131,678 sources. We evaluate the \\zp~quality by comparing \\zp~with spectroscopic redshifts (\\zs) when available, and find a value of normalized median absolute deviation \\sigm$=$0.029 and an outlier fraction of 5.5\\% (outliers are defined as sources having $\\rm |\\zp - \\zs|/(1+\\zs) > 0.15$) for non-X-ray sources. More specifically, we obtain \\sigm$=0.024$ with 2.7\\% outliers for sources brighter than $R=23$~mag, \\sigm$=0.035$ with 7.4\\% outliers for sources fainter than $R=23$~mag, \\sigm$=$0.026 with 3.9\\% outliers for sources having $z1$. Our \\zp\\ quality shows an overall improvement over an earlier \\zp\\ work that focused only on the central \\hdfn\\ area. We also classify each object as star or...

  15. North Slope action holds West Coast spotlight

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, H.M.

    1981-05-25

    The first oil from a North Slope reservoir outside Prudhoe Bay will begin flowing next year at rate of 80,000 bpd from Kuparuk field now under development by Atlantic Richfield Co. west of Prudhoe Bay. Just north of the Kuparuk development, Conoco Inc. has found a commercial reservoir in the Milne Point unit and will be drilling confirmation and delineation wells later this year and in 1982. Another area which very likely will be developed for production is located northeast of Prudhoe Bay, where Sohio Alaska Petroleum Co. has announced discoveries in 2 Sag Delta wells. In California's San Joaquin Valley, 3 Kern County fields - South Belridge, Elk Hills, and Lost Hills - are the sites of intensive drilling. Seven rigs are working in the Santa Barbara Channel, 3 of them developing known fields from permanent platforms.

  16. North University Dr. Indian River Street

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marques, Oge

    ) around campus and running path on Indian River Street. Participants MUST run WITH tra c on all roads 39 4 31B 31A 7636 8W 6 80 46 89 92 31E 31 31D 31C 81 49 North University Dr. Indian River Street B-04.LucieAve.South Indian River St. BrevardCt. BrevardCt. Lot 23 Lot 22 Lot 11 Lot 7 Lot 6 Lot 21 LakeFPL Substation Lot 9

  17. Microwave ion source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Ngo; Reijonen, Jani; Thomae, Rainer W.

    2005-07-26

    A compact microwave ion source has a permanent magnet dipole field, a microwave launcher, and an extractor parallel to the source axis. The dipole field is in the form of a ring. The microwaves are launched from the middle of the dipole ring using a coaxial waveguide. Electrons are heated using ECR in the magnetic field. The ions are extracted from the side of the source from the middle of the dipole perpendicular to the source axis. The plasma density can be increased by boosting the microwave ion source by the addition of an RF antenna. Higher charge states can be achieved by increasing the microwave frequency. A xenon source with a magnetic pinch can be used to produce intense EUV radiation.

  18. Dynamic radioactive particle source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moore, Murray E.; Gauss, Adam Benjamin; Justus, Alan Lawrence

    2012-06-26

    A method and apparatus for providing a timed, synchronized dynamic alpha or beta particle source for testing the response of continuous air monitors (CAMs) for airborne alpha or beta emitters is provided. The method includes providing a radioactive source; placing the radioactive source inside the detection volume of a CAM; and introducing an alpha or beta-emitting isotope while the CAM is in a normal functioning mode.

  19. Improved ion source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leung, K.N.; Ehlers, K.W.

    1982-05-04

    A magnetic filter for an ion source reduces the production of undesired ion species and improves the ion beam quality. High-energy ionizing electrons are confined by the magnetic filter to an ion source region, where the high-energy electrons ionize gas molecules. One embodiment of the magnetic filter uses permanent magnets oriented to establish a magnetic field transverse to the direction of travel of ions from the ion source region to the ion extraction region. In another embodiment, low energy 16 eV electrons are injected into the ion source to dissociate gas molecules and undesired ion species into desired ion species,

  20. Estimating global and North American methane emissions with high spatial resolution using GOSAT satellite data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Turner, A. J.; Jacob, D. J.; Wecht, K. J.; Maasakkers, J. D.; Biraud, S. C.; Boesch, H.; Bowman, K. W.; Deutscher, N. M.; Dubey, M. K.; Griffith, D. W. T.; et al

    2015-02-18

    We use 2009–2011 space-borne methane observations from the Greenhouse Gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) to constrain global and North American inversions of methane emissions with 4° × 5° and up to 50 km × 50 km spatial resolution, respectively. The GOSAT data are first evaluated with atmospheric methane observations from surface networks (NOAA, TCCON) and aircraft (NOAA/DOE, HIPPO), using the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model as a platform to facilitate comparison of GOSAT with in situ data. This identifies a high-latitude bias between the GOSAT data and GEOS-Chem that we correct via quadratic regression. The surface and aircraft data are subsequently usedmore »for independent evaluation of the methane source inversions. Our global adjoint-based inversion yields a total methane source of 539 Tg a?1 and points to a large East Asian overestimate in the EDGARv4.2 inventory used as a prior. Results serve as dynamic boundary conditions for an analytical inversion of North American methane emissions using radial basis functions to achieve high resolution of large sources and provide full error characterization. We infer a US anthropogenic methane source of 40.2–42.7 Tg a?1, as compared to 24.9–27.0 Tg a?1 in the EDGAR and EPA bottom-up inventories, and 30.0–44.5 Tg a?1 in recent inverse studies. Our estimate is supported by independent surface and aircraft data and by previous inverse studies for California. We find that the emissions are highest in the South-Central US, the Central Valley of California, and Florida wetlands, large isolated point sources such as the US Four Corners also contribute. We attribute 29–44% of US anthropogenic methane emissions to livestock, 22–31% to oil/gas, 20% to landfills/waste water, and 11–15% to coal with an additional 9.0–10.1 Tg a?1 source from wetlands.« less

  1. Kansas Energy Sources: A Geological Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merriam, Daniel F.; Brady, Lawrence L.; Newell, K. David

    2012-03-15

    Kansas produces both conventional energy (oil, gas, and coal) and nonconventional (coalbed gas, wind, hydropower, nuclear, geothermal, solar, and biofuels) and ranks the 22nd in state energy production in the U.S. Nonrenewable conventional petroleum is the most important energy source with nonrenewable, nonconventional coalbed methane gas becoming increasingly important. Many stratigraphic units produce oil and/or gas somewhere in the state with the exception of the Salina Basin in north-central Kansas. Coalbed methane is produced from shallow wells drilled into the thin coal units in southeastern Kansas. At present, only two surface coal mines are active in southeastern Kansas. Although Kansas has been a major exporter of energy in the past (it ranked first in oil production in 1916), now, it is an energy importer.

  2. The appropriateness of GM crops for Sub-Saharan Africa: an assessment of current evidence (with special reference to cassava in Nigeria) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoof, Eva

    2011-11-23

    It is broadly accepted that agricultural growth is essential for Sub-Saharan Africa‘s development, in support of economic growth and a structural transformation of the economy towards industrialization, food security and ...

  3. Reinventing Africa into a Global Supplier of Food Goods: An Analysis of Agri-business Development, Sustainability, Supply Chain Integration and Export in Developing Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Lisa M.

    2011-01-01

    Africa into a Global Supplier of Food Goods: An Analysis ofAfrica into a Global Supplier of Food Goods: An Analysis ofthe continent into a global supplier of organic, exotic and

  4. Radiation Source Replacement Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Moran, Traci L.; Bond, Leonard J.

    2010-12-01

    This report summarizes a Radiation Source Replacement Workshop in Houston Texas on October 27-28, 2010, which provided a forum for industry and researchers to exchange information and to discuss the issues relating to replacement of AmBe, and potentially other isotope sources used in well logging.

  5. Lithium ion sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Prabir K.

    2014-01-01

    HIFAN 1866 Lithium ion sources by Prabir K. Roy, Wayne G.No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. Lithium ion sources Prabir K. RoyUSA Abstract A 10.9 cm diameter lithium alumino-silicate ion

  6. Tsunami Sources Icosahedron Globe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsunami Sources Icosahedron Globe August 2012 Edition NOAA National Geophysical Data Center World to reduce to 8.5" x 11". This globe of Earth shows the locations of historical tsunami sources, extracted from NGDC'sGlobal Historical Tsunami Database (ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard). A tsunamiisaseriesof traveling

  7. Piezotube borehole seismic source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Daley, Tom M; Solbau, Ray D; Majer, Ernest L

    2014-05-06

    A piezoelectric borehole source capable of permanent or semipermanent insertion into a well for uninterrupted well operations is described. The source itself comprises a series of piezoelectric rings mounted to an insulative mandrel internally sized to fit over a section of well tubing, the rings encased in a protective housing and electrically connected to a power source. Providing an AC voltage to the rings will cause expansion and contraction sufficient to create a sonic pulse. The piezoelectric borehole source fits into a standard well, and allows for uninterrupted pass-through of production tubing, and other tubing and electrical cables. Testing using the source may be done at any time, even concurrent with well operations, during standard production.

  8. Sulfur sources of buckshot pyrite in the Auriferous Conglomerates of the Mesoarchean Witwatersrand and Ventersdorp Supergroups, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guy, B. M.

    arge rounded pyrite grains (>1 mm), commonly referred to as “buckshot” pyrite grains, are a characteristic feature of the auriferous conglomerates (reefs) in the Witwatersrand and Ventersdorp supergroups, Kaapvaal Craton, ...

  9. Analysis of Data Sources and Mapping Techniques for Generating Topographic Base Map in Sub Saharan Africa: Case of Malawi 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwedeza, Alice Janet Chiumia

    2011-11-23

    Topographic maps that are being used in Malawi today are out of date. Accurate, up-to-date, reliable, accessible, consistent and reusable spatial data is required to produce Geoinformation that support the nation with ...

  10. North Dakota/Geothermal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic SearchQuerying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook...

  11. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa?s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about ?Mobile phones and Africa: a success story?. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss ?Citizen Problem Solving?. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa?s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent?s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London?s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman?s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greatest probability of solu

  12. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-10-28

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa’s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about “Mobile phones and Africa: a success story”. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss “Citizen Problem Solving”. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa’s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent’s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman’s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greate

  13. AEP Texas North Company - SMART Source Solar PV Rebate Program | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t y A s s iof1 ofDensifiedDepartmentDepartment ofof

  14. Education and access to fish but not economic development predict chimpanzee and mammal occurrence in West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    c Forestry Development Authority, Wheintown, Mount Barclay, Liberia d German Centre for Integrative A.P.E.S. database Chimpanzee Education Fish protein Liberia West Africa a b s t r a c t We investigate the effects of human well-being on their environment in Liberia, West Africa. More specifically

  15. Mapping Transmission Risk of Lassa Fever in West Africa: The Importance of Quality Control, Sampling Bias, and Error Weighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Moses, Lina M.; Bausch, Daniel G.

    2014-08-08

    Lassa fever is a disease that has been reported from sites across West Africa; it is caused by an arenavirus that is hosted by the rodent M. natalensis. Although it is confined to West Africa, and has been documented in detail in some well...

  16. The origin of young mare basalts inferred from lunar meteorites Northwest Africa 4734, 032, and LaPaz Icefield 02205

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The origin of young mare basalts inferred from lunar meteorites Northwest Africa 4734, 032, and La accepted 21 October 2013) Abstract­Northwest Africa (NWA) 4734 is an unbrecciated basaltic lunar meteorite basalts. NWA 4734 is a low-Ti mare basalt with a low Mg* (36.5) and elevated abundances of incompatible

  17. Cowpea and peanut in southern Africa are nodulated by diverse Bradyrhizobium strains harboring nodulation genes that belong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowpea and peanut in southern Africa are nodulated by diverse Bradyrhizobium strains harboring unguiculata) and peanut (Arachis hypogaea) in southern Africa are nodulated by a genet- ically diverse group showed that the cowpea and peanut Bradyrhizobium iso- lates represent various locally adapted groups

  18. IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS AND PARTICULATE EMISSIONS FROM WOODFUEL PRODUCTION AND END-USE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    resources like Gabon, Nigeria, and Angola, biomass constitutes the majority of national energy consumption-SAHARAN AFRICA Robert Bailis1 , David Pennise2 , Majid Ezzati3 , Daniel M. Kammen1,4 , Evans Kituyi5 1 Energy & African Center for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya ABSTRACT: Household energy in sub-Saharan Africa

  19. A review of "Writing North America in the Seventeenth Century: English Representations in Print and Manuscript" by Catherine Armstrong 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentley, Greg

    2008-01-01

    stream_source_info Catherine Armstrong.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 7133 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Catherine Armstrong.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 REVIEWS 95..., the moral of the story of Tulipmania is not about admonitions regarding economic behavior, but rather the satisfaction of rich and imaginative scholarship. Catherine Armstrong.. Writing North America in the Seventeenth Century: English Representations...

  20. Low Temperature Heat Source Utilization Current and Advanced Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, James H. Jr.; Dambly, Benjamin W.

    1992-06-01

    Once a geothermal heat source has been identified as having the potential for development, and its thermal, physical, and chemical characteristics have been determined, a method of utilization must be decided upon. This compendium will touch upon some of these concerns, and hopefully will provide the reader with a better understanding of technologies being developed that will be applicable to geothermal development in East Africa, as well as other parts of the world. The appendices contain detailed reports on Down-the-Well Turbo Pump, The Vapor-Turbine Cycle for Geothermal Power Generation, Heat Exchanger Design for Geothermal Power Plants, and a Feasibility Study of Combined Power and Water Desalting Plant Using Hot Geothermal Water. [DJE-2005