Ruiz-Sanchez, F J; Crespo-Sosa, A
1999-01-01
A Simple Application of Fuzzy Arithmetic to Automate the Alignment of a Crystal in Channeling Experiments
Boolean algebra is a simple system with many appli- cations. In binary arithmetic, numbers have; Personal Computers; Supercomputers. B I B L I O G R A P H Y Burris, Stanley. ``George Boole://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2010/entries/boole/ Krantz, Steven G. Discrete Mathematics Demystified. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009
Arithmetical Functions : Infinite Products
Garimella Rama Murthy
2012-11-26
In this technical report, certain interesting classification of arithmetical functions is proposed. The notion of additively decomposable and multiplicatively decomposable arithmetical functions is proposed. The concepts of arithmetical polynomials and arithmetical power series are introduced. Using these concepts, an interesting Theorem relating arithmetical power series and infinite products has been proved. Also arithmetical polynomials are related to probabilistic number theory. Furthermore some results related to the Waring problem are discussed.
Boon, Joanna
2006-01-01
In this study of working memory spans, children with low arithmetical ability were compared to an age-matched control group with normal arithmetical ability in their performance on dual-task procedures. Literacy skills ...
Bounds for the price of discrete arithmetic Asian options M. Vanmaele
Vanmaele, Michèle
on discrete averaging which is the normal specification in real contracts. Discrete arithmetic Asian optionsBounds for the price of discrete arithmetic Asian options M. Vanmaele , G. Deelstra , J. Liinev , J.Goovaerts@econ.kuleuven.ac.be, Tel. +32 16 326750. #12;Bounds for the price of discrete arithmetic Asian options Abstract
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
the quintessential operation of addition. We propose an arithmetic constructed over a fundamental mapping of one set integer, and further limit our investigation to a mapping procedure that views the input integers as a set The arithmetic addition belies the subsequent range of mathematical operations: subtraction, multiplication
ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS ON LOCALLY SYMMETRIC SPACES
Silberman, Lior
ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS ON LOCALLY SYMMETRIC SPACES LIOR SILBERMAN A DISSERTATION PRESENTED Lindenstrauss on the arithmetic quantum chaos problem on hyperbolic surfaces. We have also benefited from
ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS JENS MARKLOF
Marklof, Jens
ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS JENS MARKLOF 1. Introduction The central objective in the study of quantum (Berry and Tabor 1977; Bohigas, Giannoni and Schmit 1984). Arithmetic quantum chaos (AQC) refers chaos is to characterize universal properties of quantum systems that reflect the regular or chaotic
Analysis of Arithmetic Coding for Data Compression
Howard, Paul G.; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott
1992-01-01
Arithmetic coding, in conjunction with a suitable probabilistic model, can pro- vide nearly optimal data compression. In this article we analyze the e ect that the model and the particular implementation of arithmetic ...
Finite Models for Arithmetical Quantum Chaos
Terras, Audrey
Finite Models for Arithmetical Quantum Chaos Audrey Terras Math. Dept., U.C.S.D., San Diego, Ca termed by Sarnak "arithmetic quantum chaos" when the manifolds are quotients of a symmet- ric space have been evident to physicists for some time. Here we survey what may be called "finite quantum chaos
Numbers and Arithmetic: Neither Hardwired Nor Out There
Nuñez, Rafael
Numbers and Arithmetic: Neither Hardwired Nor Out There Rafael N ´u ~nez Department of Cognitive that number concepts and arithmetic are neither hard- wired in the brain, nor do they exist out
Quantum arithmetic with the Quantum Fourier Transform
Lidia Ruiz-Perez; Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin
2014-11-21
The Quantum Fourier Transform offers an interesting way to perform arithmetic operations on a quantum computer. We review existing Quantum Fourier Transform adders and multipliers and propose some modifications that extend their capabilities. Among the new circuits, we propose a quantum method to compute the weighted average of a series of inputs in the transform domain.
Color Imaging Arithmetic: Physics Math > Physics + Math
Sharma, Gaurav
Color Imaging Arithmetic: Physics Math > Physics + Math Gaurav Sharma University of Rochester inter- action commonly form the physical interface by which we connect to the digital cyber-world. Because these devices bridge the physical and the electronic worlds, elegant and effective solutions
Arithmetic completely regular codes J. H. Koolen
Martin, Bill
Arithmetic completely regular codes J. H. Koolen W. S. Lee W. J. Martin December 4, 2013 Abstract In this paper, we explore completely regular codes in the Hamming graphs and related graphs. Experimental evidence suggests that many completely regular codes have the property that the eigenvalues of the code
High-Precision Arithmetic in Mathematical Physics
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Bailey, David; Borwein, Jonathan
2015-05-12
For many scientific calculations, particularly those involving empirical data, IEEE 32-bit floating-point arithmetic produces results of sufficient accuracy, while for other applications IEEE 64-bit floating-point is more appropriate. But for some very demanding applications, even higher levels of precision are often required. This article discusses the challenge of high-precision computation, in the context of mathematical physics, and highlights what facilities are required to support future computation, in light of emerging developments in computer architecture.
Arithmetic functions in torus and tree networks
Bhanot, Gyan (Princeton, NJ); Blumrich, Matthias A. (Ridgefield, CT); Chen, Dong (Croton On Hudson, NY); Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Irvington, NY); Heidelberger, Philip (Cortlandt Manor, NY); Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard D. (Mount Kisco, NY); Vranas, Pavlos M. (Bedford Hills, NY)
2007-12-25
Methods and systems for performing arithmetic functions. In accordance with a first aspect of the invention, methods and apparatus are provided, working in conjunction of software algorithms and hardware implementation of class network routing, to achieve a very significant reduction in the time required for global arithmetic operation on the torus. Therefore, it leads to greater scalability of applications running on large parallel machines. The invention involves three steps in improving the efficiency and accuracy of global operations: (1) Ensuring, when necessary, that all the nodes do the global operation on the data in the same order and so obtain a unique answer, independent of roundoff error; (2) Using the topology of the torus to minimize the number of hops and the bidirectional capabilities of the network to reduce the number of time steps in the data transfer operation to an absolute minimum; and (3) Using class function routing to reduce latency in the data transfer. With the method of this invention, every single element is injected into the network only once and it will be stored and forwarded without any further software overhead. In accordance with a second aspect of the invention, methods and systems are provided to efficiently implement global arithmetic operations on a network that supports the global combining operations. The latency of doing such global operations are greatly reduced by using these methods.
"Hardware Verification for Arithmetic Circuits" Michael Shliselberg, Jordan Kaplan
Mountziaris, T. J.
"Hardware Verification for Arithmetic Circuits" Michael Shliselberg, Jordan Kaplan Professor Maciej Ciesielski Our research pertains to finding either new or more efficient methods of hardware verification
Fault Tolerant Arithmetic with Applications in Nanotechnology based Systems
Rao, Wenjing
Fault Tolerant Arithmetic with Applications in Nanotechnology based Systems Wenjing Rao UC San nanotechnologies have been displaying the Neg- ative Differential Resistance (NDR) characteristic, which makes them fault-tolerant arithmetic in NDR nanotechnologies. Specifically, we show how linear block codes can
RNS arithmetic in Fpk and application to fast pairing computation
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
RNS arithmetic in Fpk and application to fast pairing computation Sylvain Duquesne IRMAR, UMR CNRS and their extensions of small degree. We explain why it is very interesting to use RNS arithmetic for the base field Fp the case for pairing computations on ordinary curves (as MNT or BN curves). We prove that using RNS can
Avancini, Chiara; Galfano, Giovanni; Sz?cs, Dénes
2014-10-15
Event-related potential (ERP) studies have detected several characteristic consecutive amplitude modulations in both implicit and explicit mental arithmetic tasks. Implicit tasks typically focused on the arithmetic relatedness effect (in which...
On models of arithmetic inside a reduced Juliette Kennedy
Kennedy, Juliette
On models of arithmetic inside a reduced power Juliette Kennedy Department of Mathematics University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland juliette.kennedy@helsinki.fi May 17, 2001 1 Introduction In 1934
Introduction ACMs (background) Congruence Monoids Bibliography Arithmetic of Congruence Monoids
Ponomarenko, Vadim
Introduction ACMs (background) Congruence Monoids Bibliography Arithmetic of Congruence Monoids Meetings January 10, 2013 http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/vadim/cm.pdf #12;Introduction ACMs (background Montealegre, Ari Tenzer. #12;Introduction ACMs (background) Congruence Monoids Bibliography Standard Notation
Arithmetic and analytic properties of finite field hypergeometric functions
Lennon, Catherine (Catherine Ann)
2011-01-01
The intent of this thesis is to provide a detailed study of the arithmetic and analytic properties of Gaussian (finite field) hypergeometric series. We present expressions for the number of F,-points on certain families ...
Mixed Abstractions for Floating-Point Arithmetic Angelo Brillout
Kröning, Daniel
--Floating-point arithmetic is essential for many em- bedded and safety-critical systems, such as in the avionics industry by the the Toyota Motor Corporation, by the Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) under contract no. 2006-TJ-1539
Imaging Arithmetic: Physics Math > Physics + Math Gaurav Sharma
Sharma, Gaurav
Imaging Arithmetic: Physics Math > Physics + Math Gaurav Sharma Electrical and Computer, NY 14627-0126 ABSTRACT Imaging devices operate at the physical interfaces corresponding to image capture and reproduction. The combi- nation of physical insight and mathematical signal processing tools
Parallel Lossless Image Compression Using Huffman and Arithmetic Coding
Howard, Paul G.; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott
1996-01-01
We show that high-resolution images can be encoded and decoded e ciently in parallel. We present an algorithm based on the hierarchical MLP method, used either with Hu man coding or with a new variant of arithmetic coding ...
Simple Tests of Simple Climate
Withers, Paul
Simple Tests of Simple Climate Models on More Than One Planet Paul Withers and Ralph Lorenz Spring simple climate models? * Focus on variation with latitude of annually averaged temperatures * Surface * Seasonal effects on Earth * Conclusions #12;Complicated Climate Models * General Circulation Models (GCMs
User
NORMAL DlSTRlBUTION TABLE. Entries represent the area under the standardized normal distribution from -w to z, Pr(Z
Serre-Course in Arithmetic.pdf
Algebra. 8. MAC LANE. Categories for the Working. Mathematician. ... lnconsorr. in Abstract Algebra I. .... year students at the Boole Normale Supérieure.
On Wright’s Inductive Definition of Coherence Truth for Arithmetic
Ketland, Jeffrey
2000-01-01
In “Truth – A Traditional Debate Reviewed” (1999), Crispin Wright proposed an inductive definition of “coherence truth” for arithmetic relative to an arithmetic base theory B. Wright’s definition is in fact a notational ...
2011,2013 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Computer Arithmetic
O'Leary, Dianne P.
© 2011,2013 Dianne P. O'Leary 1 Computer Arithmetic · What's in a word? · Integers and arithmetic · Floating point and arithmetic Dianne P. O'Leary AMSC 662 Notes #12;© 2011,2013 Dianne P. O'Leary 2;© 2011,2013 Dianne P. O'Leary 3 What's in a word? Suppose a memory location contains: 0xc70425f20060
Efficient Arithmetic on ARM-NEON and Its Application for High-Speed RSA
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Efficient Arithmetic on ARM-NEON and Its Application for High-Speed RSA Implementation Hwajeong Seo-AVX, ARM-NEON) and a massive body of research on vector-parallel implementations of modular arithmetic. Keywords: Public-key cryptography, Modular arithmetic, SIMD-level parallelism, Vector instructions, ARM
AN RNS-BASED ARCHITECTURE TARGETING HARDWARE ACCELERATORS FOR MODULAR ARITHMETIC
Sousa, Leonel
AN RNS-BASED ARCHITECTURE TARGETING HARDWARE ACCELERATORS FOR MODULAR ARITHMETIC Samuel Antão- rithms relying on modular arithmetic fully supported by the Residue Number System (RNS). The systematic to date. Index Terms-- Residue Number System (RNS), Modu- lar Arithmetic, Cryptography, Embedded Systems
Beam casting implicit surfaces on the GPU with interval arithmetic
de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique
Beam casting implicit surfaces on the GPU with interval arithmetic Francisco Ganacim, Luiz Henrique, Brazil Abstract--We present a GPU-based beam-casting method for rendering implicit surfaces in real time. INTRODUCTION Rendering surfaces with ray casting is perhaps the clearest example of a potentially
The arithmetic Tutte polynomials of the classical root systems.
Ardila, Federico
to compute (arithmetic) Tutte polynomials of vector configurations. The first author [1] and Welsh Master's thesis, carried out under the supervision of the first author. 1 #12;However, this finite field role in many fields. The first author [1] used the finite field method to compute the Tutte polynomial
Fixpoint alternation: arithmetic, transition systems, and the binary tree
Bradfield, Julian
Fixpoint alternation: arithmetic, transition systems, and the binary tree J. C. Brad#12;eld LFCS, 1 for ex- pressing temporal properties of systems. It was #12;rst studied by Dexter Kozen in [Koz83 of the logic that gives it both its simplicity and its power is that it is possible to have mutually dependent
Rings & Arithmetic 2: Integral domains Thursday, 13 October 2005
Flynn, E. Victor
Rings & Arithmetic 2: Integral domains and fields Thursday, 13 October 2005 Lectures for Part A of Oxford FHS in Mathematics and Joint Schools · Units in a ring · Integral domains; examples · Fields; examples · Characteristic of an integral domain · Field of fractions of an integral domain 0 #12;Units
Arithmetic units for RNS moduli {2n + 3} operations
Sousa, Leonel
Arithmetic units for RNS moduli {2n - 3} and {2n + 3} operations Pedro Miguens Matutino Department in Residue Number Systems (RNS), increasing the number of channels. With this, the processing time can the parallelism. In this paper, hardware structures for addition and multiplication operation in RNS
RNS Arithmetic Units for Modulo {2n Pedro Miguens Matutino
Sousa, Leonel
RNS Arithmetic Units for Modulo {2n Â± k} Pedro Miguens Matutino ISEL/INESC-ID/IST Lisbon, Portugal (hector,rjfc,las)@sips.inesc-id.pt Abstract--Recently new Residue Number Systems (RNS) moduli sets have. In this paper we propose improved units for addition, subtraction, and multiplication in RNS for modulo {2n Â± k
Modular Arithmetic Implementation with the Residue Number System (RNS)
Sousa, Leonel
Modular Arithmetic Implementation with the Residue Number System (RNS) Samuel Antão and Leonel are the addition/subtraction, multiplication and reduction as well as the conversion of Residue Number System (RNS discussed in the following. 1 RNS Forward/Reverse Conversions Forward conversion corresponds
Update procedures and the 1-consistency of arithmetic
Avigad, Jeremy
, to the assertion that one can always solve certain systems of equations involving finite partial functions, 48(1):313, 2002. Work partially sup- ported by NSF Grant DMS 0070600. 1 #12;arithmetic. In Section 4, implicit in Ackermann's proof of termination for the epsilon-substitution method [1]. It is also implicit
Introduction Result Bibliography Accepted Elasticity in Local Arithmetic
Ponomarenko, Vadim
Introduction Result Bibliography Accepted Elasticity in Local Arithmetic Congruence Monoids Vadim, 2014 http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~vadim/ accepted-talk.pdf #12;Introduction Result Bibliography Shameless one property, in the one class not yet understood, called "local". gcd(a, b) = p i.e. a = p, b = pn
ON THE ARITHMETIC CHERN CHARACTER H. GILLET AND C. SOULE
Soulé, Christophe
()) . For every p 0 we let CHp(X) be the p-th arithmetic Chow homology group of X ([5], §2.1, Definition 2). Elements of CHp(X) are represented by pairs (Z, g) consisting of a p-dimensional cycle Z on X and a Green on Z(C) ). There are canonical morphisms ([5], 2.2.1): z : CHp(X) CHp(X) (Z, g) Z and : CHp(X) App
Casting out nines is a method for checking the accuracy of arithmetic ...
Roames, Renee S
2015-08-19
Math 13700. Casting out Nines. Assignment #34. Casting out nines is a method for checking the accuracy of arithmetic. You can cast out nines by adding the ...
The Big Picture Multisets Sets One Last Word A Tiny Introduction to Group Arithmetic
Ponomarenko, Vadim
The Big Picture Multisets Sets One Last Word A Tiny Introduction to Group Arithmetic past University July 3, 2008 http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/vadim/arithmetic.pdf #12;The Big Picture Multisets Sets One of S. "Sequence"=Multiset #12;The Big Picture Multisets Sets One Last Word the basic problem Let G
Free unitary groups are (almost) simple
Chirvasitu, Alexandru [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-3840 (United States)
2012-12-15
We show that the quotients of Wang and Van Daele's universal quantum groups by their centers are simple in the sense that they have no normal quantum subgroups, thus providing the first examples of simple compact quantum groups with non-commutative fusion rings.
Design and Analysis of Fast Text Compression Based on Quasi-Arithmetic Coding
Howard, Paul G.; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott
1994-01-01
We give a detailed algorithm for fast text compression. Our algorithm, related to the PPM method, simpli es the modeling phase by eliminating the escape mechanism and speeds up coding by using a combination of quasi-arithmetic ...
Pieper, Edward L.; Deshler, Donald D.
1980-01-01
on the basis of IQ, arithmetic a~d reading scores from test records, and school files. Students were required to meet the following criteria: 1. Currently receiving special services and labeled learning disabled by the school di strict. 2. Exhibiting -an...- IQ above 80 on a standardized intelligence test. 3. Not receiving special services or labeled as emotionally dis- turbed. - 4. On any previously administered arithmetic and reading achievement test, e.g., Wide Range Ac!Tievement Test (VJRATf...
Normal, Not Paracompact Spaces
Fleissner, William G.
1982-07-01
We describe some recently constructed counterexamples in general topology, including a normal, nonmetrizable Moore space, a normal para-Lindelof, not paracompact space, and a normal, screenable, not paracompact space....
Normal Conducting CLIC Technology
Jensen, Erk
2006-01-03
The CLIC (Compact Linear Collider) multi-lateral study group based at CERN is studying the technology for an electron-positron linear collider with a centre-of-mass energy up to 5 TeV. In contrast to the International Linear Collider (ILC) study which has chosen to use super-conducting cavities with accelerating gradients in the range of 30-40 MV/m to obtain centre-of-mass collision energies of 0.5-1 TeV, the CLIC study aims to use a normal-conducting system based on two-beam technology with gradients of 150 MV/m. It is generally accepted that this change in technology is not only necessary but the only viable choice for a cost-effective multi-TeV collider. The CLIC study group is studying the technology issues of such a machine, and is in particular developing state-of-the-art 30 GHz molybdenum-iris accelerating structures and power extraction and transfer structures (PETS). The accelerating structure has a new geometry which includes fully-profiled RF surfaces optimised to minimize surface fields, and hybrid damping using both iris slots and radial waveguides. A newly-developed structure-optimisation procedure has been used to simultaneously balance surface fields, power flow, short and long-range transverse wakefields, RF-to-beam efficiency and the ratio of luminosity to input power. The slotted irises allow a simple structure fabrication by high-precision high-speed 3D milling of just four pieces, and an even easier bolted assembly in a vacuum chamber.
Fast genus 2 arithmetic based on Theta functions July 5, 2005
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Fast genus 2 arithmetic based on Theta functions P. Gaudry July 5, 2005 Abstract In 1986, D. V in Jacobians of genus 2 curves. We follow this idea and derive fast formulae for the scalar multiplication the Kummer surface and give the fromulae for the pseudo-group law that allow a fast scalar multiplication
Combining leakresistant arithmetic for elliptic curves defined over Fp and RNS representation
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Combining leakresistant arithmetic for elliptic curves defined over Fp and RNS representation JC Abstract In this paper we combine the residue number system (RNS) representation and the leak- resistant cryptography on embedded devices. It is well known that the RNS multiplication is very efficient whereas
Lightweight Floating-Point Arithmetic: Case Study of Inverse Discrete Cosine Transform
Chen, Tsuhan
, customizable bit- width, rounding modes, low-power, inverse discrete cosine transform, video coding 1 of effort must be spent to manage the complexity, power consumption and time-to-market of the modernLightweight Floating-Point Arithmetic: Case Study of Inverse Discrete Cosine Transform Fang Fang
California at Davis, University of
is a professor of mathematics, computer science, and electrical engineering at University of California was soon supplanted by the IBM 360 series. Kahan first began to restore to computer arithmeticDedication W. Kahan The Proceedings of the 17th Symposium on Computer Arithmetic are dedicated
Simple Linear Regression Basic Ideas
Simple Linear Regression Basic Ideas Some Examples Least Squares Statistical View of Least Squares of Least Squares #12;Simple Linear Regression Basic Ideas Some Examples Least Squares Basic Ideas Suppose #12;Simple Linear Regression Basic Ideas Some Examples Least Squares Basic Ideas Suppose we have two
Normal Conducting CLIC Technology
Jensen, E
2006-01-01
The CLIC (Compact Linear Collider) multi-lateral study group based at CERN is studying the technology for an electron-positron linear collider with a centre-of-mass energy up to 5 TeV. In contrast to the International Linear Collider (ILC) study which has chosen to use super-conducting cavities with accelerating gradients in the range of 30-40 MV/m to obtain centre-of-mass collision energies of 0.5-1 TeV, the CLIC study aims to use a normal-conducting system based on two-beam technology with gradients of 150 MV/m. It is generally accepted that this change in technology is not only necessary but the only viable choice for a cost-effective multi-TeV collider. The CLIC study group is studying the technology issues of such a machine, and is in particular developing state-of-the-art 30 GHz molybdenum-iris accelerating structures and power extraction and transfer structures (PETS). The accelerating structure has a new geometry which includes fully-profiled RF surfaces optimised to minimize surface fields, and hybri...
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallelisme Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon
Detrey, Jérémie
in both area and speed for precisions ranging from 12 to 24 bits. Keywords: computer arithmetic, harware
Investigation of Simple Linear Measurement Error Models (SLMEMS) with Correlated Data
Lu, Ming
2014-12-06
the measurement errors are normally distributed to allow development of likelihood-based methods of inference. Simulated true responses are modeled as a simple linear regression on the true response values. That is, we wish to detect if either additive...
Long Arithmetic Progressions in A + A + A with A a Prime Subset1 Zhen Cui, Hongze Li and Boqing Xue2
Li, Hongze
] gave an ingenious construction of a set A ZN with |A| = (1/2-)N, but with A+A containing no arithmetic Municipal Education Commission. 2Department of Mathematics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240
Linearity and Normalization in Simple Cells of the Macaque Primary Visual Cortex
Movshon, Joseph Anthony
, New York University, New York, New York 10003, and 2Department of Psychology, Stanford University responses by a measure of stimulus energy. To test this model we performed extracellular recordings of the cells. An alternative model, in which the linear responses are subject to a compressive nonlinearity
The normalized Laplacian spectrum of subdivisions of a graph
Pinchen Xie; Zhongzhi Zhang; Francesc Comellas
2015-10-07
Determining and analyzing the spectra of graphs is an important and exciting research topic in theoretical computer science. The eigenvalues of the normalized Laplacian of a graph provide information on its structural properties and also on some relevant dynamical aspects, in particular those related to random walks. In this paper, we give the spectra of the normalized Laplacian of iterated subdivisions of simple connected graphs. As an example of application of these results we find the exact values of their multiplicative degree-Kirchhoff index, Kemeny's constant and number of spanning trees.
A simple hidden variable experiment
Arnold Neumaier
2007-06-22
An experiment is described which proves, using single photons only, that the standard hidden variables assumptions (commonly used to derive Bell inequalities) are inconsistent with quantum mechanics. The analysis is very simple and transparent. In particular, it demonstrates that a classical wave model for quantum mechanics is not ruled out by experiments demonstrating the violation of the traditional hidden variable assumptions.
Soares, M.B.; Efstratiadis, A.
1997-06-10
This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3{prime} noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. 4 figs.
Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)
1997-01-01
This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.
ContentsContents3399the normal distribution
Vickers, James
ContentsContents3399the normal distribution 1. The normal distribution 2. The normal approximation to the binomial distribution 3. Sums and differences of random variables Learning outcomes In a previous Workbook of a continuous random variables: the normal distribution. The probabilities of the normal distribution have
Chapter 6 Continuous Distribution: The Normal Distribution
Hong, Don
Chapter 6 Continuous Distribution: The Normal Distribution 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Properties of a Normal Distribution 6.3 The Standard Normal Distribution 6.4 Applications of Normal Distribution 6.5 The Central Limit Theorem 6.6 The Normal Approximation to the Binomial Distribution Definition. A continuous
Traversable wormholes: Some simple examples
Visser, Matt
2008-01-01
Building on the work of Morris, Thorne, and Yurtsever, some particularly simple examples of traversable wormholes are exhibited. These examples are notable both because the analysis is not limited to spherically symmetric cases, and because it is possible to in some sense minimize the use of exotic matter. In particular, it is possible for a traveller to traverse such a wormhole without passing through a region of exotic matter. As in previous analyses, the weak energy condition is violated in these traversable wormholes.
Traversable wormholes: Some simple examples
Matt Visser
2008-09-04
Building on the work of Morris, Thorne, and Yurtsever, some particularly simple examples of traversable wormholes are exhibited. These examples are notable both because the analysis is not limited to spherically symmetric cases, and because it is possible to in some sense minimize the use of exotic matter. In particular, it is possible for a traveller to traverse such a wormhole without passing through a region of exotic matter. As in previous analyses, the weak energy condition is violated in these traversable wormholes.
Simple Energy | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium de Provence SAS SilproSimmesport, Louisiana:Simple
cole normale suprieure de Lyon
Vallette, Bruno
école normale supérieure de Lyon ENS Lyon Electron quantum optics P. Degiovanni (ENS Lyon) C T. Martin(CPT Marseille) T. Jonckheere J. Rech C. Wahl #12;ENS Lyon A message from G. Fève Gwendal. #12;ENS Lyon ENS Lyon Outline · Introduction and motivation · Single electron coherence · Relaxation
COMPLETELY SIMPLE SEMIGROUPS WITH NILPOTENT STRUCTURE GROUPS
COMPLETELY SIMPLE SEMIGROUPS WITH NILPOTENT STRUCTURE GROUPS PRIMOZ MORAVEC Abstract. In this paper we find simple characterizations of completely simple semigroups with H -classes nilpotent of class c, and of completely simple semi- groups whose core has H -classes nilpotent of class c. The notion
A simple model of the slingshot effect
Fiore, Gaetano
2015-01-01
We present a detailed quantitative description of the recently proposed "slingshot effect" [Fiore, Fedele, De angelis 2014]. Namely, we determine a broad range of conditions under which the impact of a very short and intense laser pulse normally onto a plasma (or matter to be locally completely ionized into a plasma by the pulse) causes the expulsion of a bunch of surface electrons in the direction opposite to the one of propagation of the pulse, and the detailed, ready-for-experiments features of the expelled electrons (energy spectrum, collimation, etc). The effect is due to the combined actions of the ponderomotive force and the huge longitudinal field arising from charge separation. Our predictions are based on estimating 3D corrections to a simple, yet powerful plane magnetofluidodynamic model where the equations to be solved are reduced to a system of Hamilton equations in one dimension (or a collection of) which become autonomous after the pulse has overcome the electrons. Experimental tests seem to be...
Power Normal Distribution Debasis Kundu1
Kundu, Debasis
Power Normal Distribution Debasis Kundu1 and Rameshwar D. Gupta2 Abstract Recently Gupta and Gupta [10] proposed the power normal distribution for which normal distribution is a special case. The power normal distribution is a skewed distri- bution, whose support is the whole real line. Our main aim
Cascaded target normal sheath acceleration
Wang, W. P.; Shen, B. F.; Zhang, X. M.; Wang, X. F.; Xu, J. C.; Zhao, X. Y.; Yu, Y. H.; Yi, L. Q.; Shi, Y.; Zhang, L. G.; Xu, T. J.; Xu, Z. Z.
2013-11-15
A cascaded target normal sheath acceleration (TNSA) scheme is proposed to simultaneously increase energy and improve energy spread of a laser-produced mono-energetic proton beam. An optimum condition that uses the maximum sheath field to accelerate the center of the proton beam is theoretically found and verified by two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. An initial 10 MeV proton beam is accelerated to 21 MeV with energy spread decreased from 5% to 2% under the optimum condition during the process of the cascaded TNSA. The scheme opens a way to scale proton energy lineally with laser energy.
Note: A simple model for thermal management in solenoids
McIntosh, E. M. Ellis, J.
2013-11-15
We describe a model of the dynamical temperature evolution in a solenoid winding. A simple finite element analysis is calibrated by accurately measuring the thermally induced resistance change of the solenoid, thus obviating the need for accurate knowledge of the mean thermal conductivity of the windings. The model predicts quasi thermal runaway for relatively modest current increases from the normal operating conditions. We demonstrate the application of this model to determine the maximum current that can be safely applied to solenoids used for helium spin-echo measurements.
SIMPLE COMPLETE BOOLEAN ALGEBRAS Thomas Jech1
Jech, Thomas
SIMPLE COMPLETE BOOLEAN ALGEBRAS Thomas Jech1 and Saharon Shelah2,3 The Pennsylvania State there exists a simple complete Boolean algebra with generators. 1. Introduction. A complete Boolean algebra is simple if it is atomless and has no non- trivial proper atomless complete subalgebra. The problem
Simple Harmonic Motion and Newton's 3rd
Yu, Jaehoon
Simple Harmonic Motion and Newton's 3rd Law Theory Simple Harmonic Motion is not as simpleperiod where m is the mass of the object in kilograms and k is the spring constant. Newton's 3rd Law Newton's 3rd Law using two Force sensors. Procedure: Simple Harmonic Motion Getting the data 1. Open
Sousa, Leonel
Arithmetic-Based Binary-to-RNS Converter Modulo {2nÂ±k} for jn-Bit Dynamic Range Pedro Miguens Matutino-residue number system (RNS) conversion modulo {2n Â±k} is proposed. This structure is based only on adders and constant multipliers. This brief is motivated by the existing {2n Â± k} binary-to-RNS converters, which
Simple cost model for EV traction motors
Cuenca, R.M.
1995-02-01
A simple cost model has been developed that allows the calculation of the OEM cost of electric traction motors of three different types, normalized as a function of power in order to accommodate different power and size. The model includes enough information on the various elements integrated in the motors to allow analysis of individual components and to factor-in the effects of changes in commodities prices. A scalable cost model for each of the main components of an electric vehicle (EV) is a useful tool that can have direct application in computer simulation or in parametric studies. For the cost model to have wide usefulness, it needs to be valid for a range of values of some parameter that determines the magnitude or size of the component. For instance, in the case of batteries, size may be determined by energy capacity, usually expressed in kilowatt-hours (kWh), while in the case of traction motors, size is better determined by rated power, usually expressed in kilowatts (kW). The simplest case is when the cost of the component in question is a direct function of its size; then cost is simply the product of its specific cost ($/unit size) and the number of units (size) in the vehicle in question. Batteries usually fall in this category (cost = energy capacity x $/kWh). But cost is not always linear with size or magnitude; motors (and controllers), for instance, become relatively less expensive as power rating increases. Traction motors, one of the main components for EV powertrains are examined in this paper, and a simplified cost model is developed for the three most popular design variations.
Turing's normal numbers: towards randomness Veronica Becher
presumably in 1938 Alan Turing gave an algorithm that produces real numbers normal to every integer base- putable normal numbers, and this result should be attributed to Alan Turing. His manuscript entitled "A
Skogestad, Sigurd
2007-01-01
the selection of controlled variables for two different cycles. One is a conventional sub-critical ammonia operation there are differences. For the ammonia cycle, there are several simple control structures storage, were discussed in Part I. It was found in Part I that there are normally three optimally active
SIMPLE EXPLICIT FORMULA FOR COUNTING LATTICE POINTS ...
2007-02-14
by a simple formula involving the evaluation of ? zx over the integral points of those ... different) formula from a decomposition of the generating function into.
Entropy production by simple electrical circuits
E. N. Miranda; S. Nikolskaia
2012-08-13
The entropy production by simple electrical circuits (R, RC, RL) is analyzed. It comes out that the entropy production is minimal, in agreement with a well known theorem due to Prigogine. In this way, it is wrong a recent result by Zupanovic, Juretic and Botric (Physica Review E 70, 056198) who claimed that the entropy production in simple electrical circuits is a maximum
Emergent Biosynthetic Capacity in Simple Microbial Communities
Borenstein, Elhanan
Emergent Biosynthetic Capacity in Simple Microbial Communities Hsuan-Chao Chiu1 , Roie Levy1 and dynamics of simple two-species microbial ecosystems. We specifically focus on detecting emergent a large collection of two-species communities on multiple media, we demonstrate that emergent biosynthetic
A Feynman integral via higher normal functions
Spencer Bloch; Matt Kerr; Pierre Vanhove
2015-03-26
We study the Feynman integral for the three-banana graph defined as the scalar two-point self-energy at three-loop order. The Feynman integral is evaluated for all identical internal masses in two space-time dimensions. Two calculations are given for the Feynman integral; one based on an interpretation of the integral as an inhomogeneous solution of a classical Picard-Fuchs differential equation, and the other using arithmetic algebraic geometry, motivic cohomology, and Eisenstein series. Both methods use the rather special fact that the Feynman integral is a family of regulator periods associated to a family of K3 surfaces. We show that the integral is given by a sum of elliptic trilogarithms evaluated at sixth roots of unity. This elliptic trilogarithm value is related to the regulator of a class in the motivic cohomology of the K3 family. We prove a conjecture by David Broadhurst that at a special kinematical point the Feynman integral is given by a critical value of the Hasse-Weil L-function of the K3 surface. This result is shown to be a particular case of Deligne's conjectures relating values of L-functions inside the critical strip to periods.
ENGI 3423 Simple Linear Regression Page 12-01 Simple Linear Regression
George, Glyn
ENGI 3423 Simple Linear Regression Page 12-01 Simple Linear Regression Sometimes an experiment predict the value of Y for that value of x . The simple linear regression model is that the predicted for dealing with non-linear regression are available in the course text, but are beyond the scope
Appearance Normalization of Histology Slides Jared Vicorya
and intensity normalization of digitized histology slides stained with two different agents. In comparison to adjustment of faded slides are given, and the effectiveness of the method in aiding statistical classification is shown. Keywords: appearance normalization, histology 1. Introduction Stains are often used
Normalizing the causality between time series
Liang, X San
2015-01-01
Recently, a rigorous yet concise formula has been derived to evaluate the information flow, and hence the causality in a quantitative sense, between time series. To assess the importance of a resulting causality, it needs to be normalized. The normalization is achieved through distinguishing three types of fundamental mechanisms that govern the marginal entropy change of the flow recipient. A normalized or relative flow measures its importance relative to other mechanisms. In analyzing realistic series, both absolute and relative information flows need to be taken into account, since the normalizers for a pair of reverse flows belong to two different entropy balances; it is quite normal that two identical flows may differ a lot in relative importance in their respective balances. We have reproduced these results with several autoregressive models. We have also shown applications to a climate change problem and a financial analysis problem. For the former, reconfirmed is the role of the Indian Ocean Dipole as ...
Classification rule with simple select SQL statement
H, Spits Warnars H L
2010-01-01
A simple sql statement can be used to search learning or rule in relational database for data mining purposes particularly for classification rule. With just only one simple sql statement, characteristic and classification rule can be created simultaneously. Collaboration sql statement with any other application software will increase the ability for creating t-weight as measurement the typicality of each record in the characteristic rule and d-weight as measurement the discriminating behavior of the learned classification/discriminant rule, specifically for further generalization in characteristic rule. Handling concept hierarchy into tables based on concept tree will influence for the successful simple sql statement and by knowing the right standard knowledge to transform each of concept tree in concept hierarchy into one table as to transform concept hierarchy into table, the simple sql statement can be run properly.
Optimized Simple Bounds for Diversity Systems
Conti, Andrea
Diversity techniques play a key role in modern wireless systems, whose design benefits from a clear understanding of how these techniques affect system performance. To this aim we propose a simple class of bounds, whose ...
Pharmacological enhancement of memory or cognition in normal subjects
Lynch, Gary; Cox, Conor D.; Gall, Christine M.
2014-01-01
enhancement in normal subjects Demeter, E. , and Sarter,enhancement in normal subjects Katche, C. , Goldin, A. ,enhancement in normal subjects by an ampakine (CX717) in
ARITHMETIC FAKE PROJECTIVE SPACES AND ARITHMETIC ...
2008-08-28
or SUn according as v does or does not split in l, and Mv = Mv . If v ramifies in ..... As the numerator of this number is not a power of 7, according to Proposition 1 ...
100 E. Normal Street Kirksville, MO 63501
Gering, Jon C.
. Curran Prendergast Repertoire The 2015 Midwest Band Conductors' Symposium" and address to: Dr. Curran Prendergast, 100 East Normal St. Kirksville, MO 63501.truman.edu/mbcs Clinicians: Dr. Paul Popiel, Director of Bands, University of Kansas Dr. Curran
Termination Checking with Types Strong Normalization for
Abel, Andreas
Termination Checking with Types Strong Normalization a program can be separated into two parts: As the first step, partial correctness is established by verifying that a program matches its specification; then, termination is shown to obtain full correctness
NORMALITY VERSUS COUNTABLE PARACOMPACTNESS IN PERFECT SPACES
Wage, M. L.; Fleissner, William G.; Reed, G. M.
1976-07-01
BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY Volume 82, Number 4, July 1976 NORMALITY VERSUS COUNTABLE PARACOMPACTNESS IN PERFECT SPACES BY M. L. WAGE, W. G. FLEISSNER, AND G. M. REED Communicated March 5, 1976 Introduction. The purpose... of this announcement is to present, in a unified fashion, solutions to long outstanding questions concerning the relationship between countable paracompactness and normality conditions in perfect spaces. Each section of this paper is the contribution of a single...
A simple theory of protein folding kinetics
Pande, Vijay S
2010-01-01
We present a simple model of protein folding dynamics that captures key qualitative elements recently seen in all-atom simulations. The goals of this theory are to serve as a simple formalism for gaining deeper insight into the physical properties seen in detailed simulations as well as to serve as a model to easily compare why these simulations suggest a different kinetic mechanism than previous simple models. Specifically, we find that non-native contacts play a key role in determining the mechanism, which can shift dramatically as the energetic strength of non-native interactions is changed. For protein-like non-native interactions, our model finds that the native state is a kinetic hub, connecting the strength of relevant interactions directly to the nature of folding kinetics.
Why tropes cannot be metaphysically simple
Hellwig, Heinrik Ziehm
2008-10-10
of existents, which are all “simple” in the sense that, if subjected to this sort of analysis, none of them yields anything further. Let us call this sort of analysis an assay. 5 Bergmann does not formally define the term ‘existent’, but we can take ‘existent... Thesis by HEINRIK ZIEHM HELLWIG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 2008 Major Subject: Philosophy WHY TROPES CANNOT BE METAPHYSICALLY SIMPLE A...
Simple Microwave Method for Detecting Water Holdup
Iqbal, Sheikh Sharif
combinations of oil and water contents. The #12;reflection responses (S11) of the pipe with water level rangingSimple Microwave Method for Detecting Water Holdup Sheikh S. I., Alqurashi K. Y., Ragheb H to determine the water holdup of a near horizontal oil carrying pipeline. This technique is particularly useful
GEOLOGIC NOTE A simple model of gas
Patzek, Tadeusz W.
GEOLOGIC NOTE A simple model of gas production from hydrofractured horizontal wells in shales Tad Patzek, Frank Male, and Michael Marder ABSTRACT Assessing the production potential of shale gas can a nonlinear initial boundary value problem for transient flow of real gas that may sorb on the rock and solve
General Impedance Synthesis Using Simple Switching Converters
Tse, Chi K. "Michael"
-frequency storage element and a pair of switches, such as the buck, buck-boost and boost converters, as shown in FigGeneral Impedance Synthesis Using Simple Switching Converters Joe C. P. Liu, Chi K. Tse, Franki N converters is studied in this paper. We begin with showing that any impedance can be synthesized by a circuit
Simple Adaptive Strategies: From Regret Matching
Hart, Sergiu
Simple Adaptive Strategies: From Regret Matching to Uncoupled Dynamics Sergiu Hart Andreu Mas, computers--even genes. See the Hand- book of Game Theory (Aumann and Hart 1994, 2002, 2004; Young and Zamir, Israel. E-mail: hart@huji.ac.il; URL: http://www.ma.huji.ac.il/hart. Department of Economics
Simple Java Scripting version 1.3
Carlsson, Gunnar
BeanShell Simple Java Scripting version 1.3 1 #12;Table of Contents Table of ContentsÂ· Introduction and Run BeanShell The BeanShell GUI Java Statements and Expressions Useful BeanShell Commands Scripted SyntaxÂ· Standard Java Syntax Loosely Typed Java Syntax Exception Handling Basic Scoping of Variables
Physical Realities from Simple Philosophical Conjectures
Helen Lynn; Michele Caponigro
2006-08-21
We will focus on the Quantum theory and starting from simple philosophical conjectures, we infer possible different physical realities. Also we argue of possible wavefunction emerging under specific conditions of the physical reality. Finally, we affirm that the "hidden choice" of the ontic elements as primitive is a fundamental step to analyze the construction of any theory.
Simple Networking Date: 2014.03.02
1969 Â· Internet in Jan 2006 #12;Outline Â· History of the Internet Â· What's the Internet? Â· ProtocolSimple Networking Date: 2014.03.02 #12;#12;A Quick Overview of the Internet Â· Internet, as of Dec and Internet Laying Â· Network Packets #12;What's the Internet? Â· Millions of connected computing devices
Handbook of normal frames and coordinates
Bozhidar Z. Iliev
2006-10-01
The main subject of the book is an up-to-date and in-depth survey of the theory of normal frames and coordinates in differential geometry. The book can be used as a reference manual, review of the existing results and introduction to some new ideas and developments. In the book can be found practically all existing essential results and methods concerning normal frames and coordinates. Most of the results are represented in full detail with full, in some cases new, proofs. All classical results are expanded and generalized in various directions. Theorems of existence, uniqueness and, possibly, holonomicity of the normal frames and coordinates are proved; mostly, the proofs are constructive and some their parts can be used independently for other tasks. Besides published results, their extensions and generalizations, the book contains completely new results which appear for the first time.
Computing Instantaneous Frequency by normalizing Hilbert Transform
Huang, Norden E.
2005-05-31
This invention presents Normalized Amplitude Hilbert Transform (NAHT) and Normalized Hilbert Transform(NHT), both of which are new methods for computing Instantaneous Frequency. This method is designed specifically to circumvent the limitation set by the Bedorsian and Nuttal Theorems, and to provide a sharp local measure of error when the quadrature and the Hilbert Transform do not agree. Motivation for this method is that straightforward application of the Hilbert Transform followed by taking the derivative of the phase-angle as the Instantaneous Frequency (IF) leads to a common mistake made up to this date. In order to make the Hilbert Transform method work, the data has to obey certain restrictions.
Keeping It Simple from the Customer's Perspective - Residential...
Keeping It Simple from the Customer's Perspective - Residential Program Design Keeping It Simple from the Customer's Perspective - Residential Program Design Provides information...
Normal butane/iso-butane separation
Volles, W.K.; Cusher, N.A.
1986-08-26
This patent describes an improved pressure swing adsorption process for the separation of iso-butane from normal butane in an adsorption system having at least three adsorbent beds, each bed of which undergoes, on a cyclic basis and a processing sequence comprising: introducing a feed gas mixture of iso-butane and normal butane at an upper adsorption pressure to the feed end of the bed capable of selectively adsorbing normal butane as the more selectivity adsorbable component of the gas mixture. The iso-butane as the less readily adsorbable component passes through the bed and is discharged from the discharge end. The feed gas introduction is continued as a normal butane adsorption front is formed in the bed and passes through the bed from the feed end and breaks through at the discharge end of the bed, a portion of the iso-butane effluent stream thus discharged being diverted for passage as purge gas to another bed in the system; and countercurrently depressurizing the bed with release of gas from the feed end.
Termination Checking with Types Strong Normalization for
Abel, Andreas
Termination Checking with Types Strong Normalization for MendlerStyle CourseOfValue Recursion can be separated into two parts: As the first step, partial correctness is established by verifying that a program matches its specification; then, termination is shown to obtain full correctness. For practical
Termination Checking with Types Strong Normalization for
Abel, Andreas
Termination Checking with Types Strong Normalization for Mendler-Style Course-Of-Value Recursion can be separated into two parts: As the first step, partial correctness is established by verifying that a program matches its specification; then, termination is shown to obtain full correctness. For practical
APPLYING SIMPLE TECHNOLOGY ACCOMPLISHES VISUAL INSPECTION CHALLENGES
Robinson, C
2007-07-21
This paper discusses the successful implementation of simple video technologies at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to perform complex visual inspection, monitoring, and surveillance tasks. Because SRS facilities are similar to those of an industrial plant, the environmental and accessibility considerations for remote viewing are the primary determining factors in the selection of technology. The constraints and challenges associated with remote viewing are discussed, and examples of applications are given.
GENERATION AND RANDOM GENERATION: FROM SIMPLE GROUPS TO MAXIMAL SUBGROUPS
Burness, Tim
GENERATION AND RANDOM GENERATION: FROM SIMPLE GROUPS TO MAXIMAL SUBGROUPS TIMOTHY C. BURNESS of generators for G. It is well known that d(G) = 2 for all (non-abelian) finite simple groups. We prove that d investigate the random generation of maximal subgroups of simple and almost simple groups. By applying
Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of a Surrogate Fuel...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of a Surrogate Fuel Assembly. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of a Surrogate Fuel...
Status of High Power Tests of Normal Conducting Short Standing...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Status of High Power Tests of Normal Conducting Short Standing Wave Structures Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Status of High Power Tests of Normal Conducting Short...
A simple model of spontaneous emission
Krzysztof Piotr Wójcik
2012-03-31
We present a very simple model of a spontaneous emission from a two-level atom, interacting with a field of a finite number of states. Such a process is often said to occur because of the large number of equally-probable states of environment. We show that in our model increasing the number of field states may and may not cause a practically permanent emission, depending on the details of the model. We also describe how irreversibility emerges with growing number of states. Mathematical tools are reduced to a necessary minimum and hopefully can be well understood by undergraduate students.
Theory of high pressure hydrogen, made simple
Magdau, Ioan B; Ackland, Graeme J
2015-01-01
Phase I of hydrogen has several peculiarities. Despite having a close-packed crystal structure, it is less dense than either the low temperature Phase II or the liquid phase. At high pressure, it transforms into either phase III or IV, depending on the temperature. Moreover, spectroscopy suggests that the quantum rotor behaviour disappears with pressurisation, without any apparent phase transition. Here we present a simple thermodynamic model for this behaviour based on packing atoms and molecules and discuss the thermodynamics of the phase boundaries. We also report first principles molecular dynamics calculations for a more detailed look at the same phase transitions.
Simple Power, LP | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium de Provence SAS SilproSimmesport,Simple Power, LP Jump
SUBNANOSECOND ARITHMETIC Second Report
De Micheli, Giovanni
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.1.1 Superconducting Chip-to-Chip Interconnects . . . . . 21 3.2 Photoconducting Interconnects
Measuring Arithmetic Intensity
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion Measurement of Muon Neutrino and AntineutrinoHome Â»
Directions to the Ecole Normale Suprieure de Lyon The Ecole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Dauxois, Thierry
Directions to the Ecole Normale SupÃ©rieure de Lyon The Ecole Normale SupÃ©rieure de Lyon is located in Gerland, a neighborhood in the southern part of Lyon, not far from the RhÃ´ne river and the Halle Tony. How to get to l'ENS-Lyon ... #12;Â· From Lyon-Saint ExupÃ©ry (Satolas) airport Every 20 min, a shuttle
A simple model of magnetically induced warps
E. Battaner; J. Jimenez-Vicente
1998-02-02
Assuming the magnetic hypothesis for the formation of warps, we deduce a very simple formula for the warp curve in an idealized scenario. According to this formula the warp rises as the third power of radius in the innermost warped region, reaches the maximum slope at intermediate radii and has an asymptotic slope coincident with the direction of the extragalactic magnetic field. In most cases, however, the galaxy's limited size prevents the observation of the full curve. Even though the model is highly simplified, it basically reproduces real warp curves, in particular the 21 cm warp curve of NGC 5907. If the magnetic model were considered to be correct, the fitting of warp curves could allow rough estimations of the strength and direction of the magnetic field. We also propose a magnetic field distribution for the outermost part of the galaxy, matching the boundary conditions of being azimuthal inside, and constant at infinity. We use this magnetic field distribution to show that the assumptions made to obtain the warp curve with our simple model cannot introduce important errors.
Local Energy Landscape in a Simple Liquid
Takuya Iwashita; Takeshi Egami
2014-10-31
It is difficult to relate the properties of liquids and glasses directly to their structure because of complexity in the structure which defies precise definition. The potential energy landscape (PEL) approach is a very insightful way to conceptualize the structure-property relationship in liquids and glasses, particularly on the effect of temperature and history. However, because of the highly multi-dimensional nature of the PEL it is hard to determine, or even visualize, the actual details of the energy landscape. In this article we introduce a modified concept of the local energy landscape (LEL) which is limited in phase space, and demonstrate its usefulness using molecular dynamics simulation on a simple liquid at high temperatures. The local energy landscape is given as a function of the local coordination number, the number of the nearest neighbor atoms. The excitations in the LEL corresponds to the so-called beta-relaxation process. The LEL offers a simple but useful starting point to discuss complex phenomena in liquids and glasses.
Normal force controlled rheology for thermoreversible gels
Bosi Mao; Thibaut Divoux; Patrick Snabre
2015-08-07
A wide range of thermoreversible gels are prepared by cooling down to ambient temperature hot aqueous solutions of polymers. During the sol-gel transition, such soft solids may experience a volume contraction leading to experimental issues regarding rheological measurements such as the stress-induced release of solvent, and the partial loss of contact between the sample and the shear cell. In this article, we revisit the formation of thermoreversible gels through a series of benchmark experiments conducted on agar gels in a plate-plate geometry. Monitoring the gelation with a constant gap results in an artificial drift of the gel elastic modulus $G'$ because of the sample contraction. We show that maintaining a constant normal force equals to zero instead of a constant gap allows $G'$ to reach a plateau as the gap variation compensates the sample contraction. The latter method provides a way to measure more reliably the gel linear properties with either rough or smooth boundary conditions, and allows us to quantify the sample contraction. Furthermore, we also unravel two subtle artifacts associated with metallic boundary conditions that may impact rheological measurements during the early stage of the gelation. We show that the slow oxidation of the plate by the solution and/or the presence of an oil layer around the sample, that is traditionally used to prevent evaporation, may both lead to a premature and artificial growth of $G'$ which should not be misinterpreted as the formation of a pre-gel. Finally, we illustrate the relevance of the controlled normal force protocol, by investigating the influence of thermal history on the mechanical properties of agar gels. Our work offers an extensive review of the artifacts associated with the rheology of thermoreversible gels and paves the way for a more systematic use of normal force controlled rheology.
ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska Outreach Homepolarization ARM Data Discoverydiffusedirect normal
Simple Model of Membrane Proteins Including Solvent
D. L. Pagan; A. Shiryayev; T. P. Connor; J. D. Gunton
2006-03-04
We report a numerical simulation for the phase diagram of a simple two dimensional model, similar to one proposed by Noro and Frenkel [J. Chem. Phys. \\textbf{114}, 2477 (2001)] for membrane proteins, but one that includes the role of the solvent. We first use Gibbs ensemble Monte Caro simulations to determine the phase behavior of particles interacting via a square-well potential in two dimensions for various values of the interaction range. A phenomenological model for the solute-solvent interactions is then studied to understand how the fluid-fluid coexistence curve is modified by solute-solvent interactions. It is shown that such a model can yield systems with liquid-liquid phase separation curves that have both upper and lower critical points, as well as closed loop phase diagrams, as is the case with the corresponding three dimensional model.
Simple implementation of general dark energy models
Bloomfield, Jolyon K. [MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave #37241, Cambridge, MA, 02139 (United States); Pearson, Jonathan A., E-mail: jolyon@mit.edu, E-mail: jonathan.pearson@durham.ac.uk [Centre for Particle Theory, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)
2014-03-01
We present a formalism for the numerical implementation of general theories of dark energy, combining the computational simplicity of the equation of state for perturbations approach with the generality of the effective field theory approach. An effective fluid description is employed, based on a general action describing single-scalar field models. The formalism is developed from first principles, and constructed keeping the goal of a simple implementation into CAMB in mind. Benefits of this approach include its straightforward implementation, the generality of the underlying theory, the fact that the evolved variables are physical quantities, and that model-independent phenomenological descriptions may be straightforwardly investigated. We hope this formulation will provide a powerful tool for the comparison of theoretical models of dark energy with observational data.
H. T. Johansson; C. Forssén
2015-04-30
We present an efficient implementation for the evaluation of Wigner 3j, 6j, and 9j symbols. These represent numerical transformation coefficients that are used in the quantum theory of angular momentum. They can be expressed as sums and square roots of ratios of integers. The integers can be very large due to factorials. We avoid numerical precision loss due to cancellation through the use of multi-word integer arithmetic for exact accumulation of all sums. A fixed relative accuracy is maintained as the limited number of floating-point operations in the final step only incur rounding errors in the least significant bits. Time spent to evaluate large multi-word integers is in turn reduced by using explicit prime factorisation of the ingoing factorials, thereby improving execution speed. Comparison with existing routines shows the efficiency of our approach and we therefore provide a computer code based on this work.
Johansson, H T
2015-01-01
We present an efficient implementation for the evaluation of Wigner 3j, 6j, and 9j symbols. These represent numerical transformation coefficients that are used in the quantum theory of angular momentum. They can be expressed as sums and square roots of ratios of integers. The integers can be very large due to factorials. We avoid numerical precision loss due to cancellation through the use of multi-word integer arithmetic for exact accumulation of all sums. A fixed relative accuracy is maintained as the limited number of floating-point operations in the final step only incur rounding errors in the least significant bits. Time spent to evaluate large multi-word integers is in turn reduced by using explicit prime factorisation of the ingoing factorials, thereby improving execution speed. Comparison with existing routines shows the efficiency of our approach and we therefore provide a computer code based on this work.
Local asymptotic normality in quantum statistics
Madalin Guta; Anna Jencova
2007-05-24
The theory of local asymptotic normality for quantum statistical experiments is developed in the spirit of the classical result from mathematical statistics due to Le Cam. Roughly speaking, local asymptotic normality means that the family varphi_{\\theta_{0}+ u/\\sqrt{n}}^{n} consisting of joint states of n identically prepared quantum systems approaches in a statistical sense a family of Gaussian state phi_{u} of an algebra of canonical commutation relations. The convergence holds for all "local parameters" u\\in R^{m} such that theta=theta_{0}+ u/sqrt{n} parametrizes a neighborhood of a fixed point theta_{0}\\in Theta\\subset R^{m}. In order to prove the result we define weak and strong convergence of quantum statistical experiments which extend to the asymptotic framework the notion of quantum sufficiency introduces by Petz. Along the way we introduce the concept of canonical state of a statistical experiment, and investigate the relation between the two notions of convergence. For reader's convenience and completeness we review the relevant results of the classical as well as the quantum theory.
Overview Report: Normal and Emergency Operation Visualization
Greitzer, Frank L.
2011-05-01
This is an overview report to document and illustrate methods used in a project entitled “Normal and Emergency Operations Visualization” for a utility company, conducted in 2009-2010 timeframe with funding from the utility company and the U.S. Department of Energy. The original final report (about 180 pages) for the project is not available for distribution because it alludes to findings that assessed the design of an operational system that contained proprietary information; this abridged version contains descriptions of methods and some findings to illustrate the approach used, while avoiding discussion of sensitive or proprietary information. The client has approved this abridged version of the report for unlimited distribution to give researchers and collaborators the benefit of reviewing the research concepts and methods that were applied in this study.
Asymptotic normalization coefficients from ab initio calculations
Kenneth M. Nollett; R. B. Wiringa
2011-04-14
We present calculations of asymptotic normalization coefficients (ANCs) for one-nucleon removals from nuclear states of mass numbers 3 to 9. Our ANCs were computed from variational Monte Carlo solutions to the many-body Schroedinger equation with the combined Argonne v18 two-nucleon and Urbana IX three-nucleon potentials. Instead of computing explicit overlap integrals, we applied a Green's function method that is insensitive to the difficulties of constructing and Monte Carlo sampling the long-range tails of the variational wave functions. This method also allows computation of the ANC at the physical separation energy, even when it differs from the separation energy for the Hamiltonian. We compare our results, which for most nuclei are the first ab initio calculations of ANCs, with existing experimental and theoretical results and discuss further possible applications of the technique.
Stone-Cech remainder which make continuous images normal
Fleissner, William G.; Levy, Ronnie
1989-07-01
from a normal space X onto a regular space Y , then there are a space Z and a perfect map bf : Z —» Y extending / such that X C Z C ßX . If / is a continuous surjection from normal X onto Tychonov Y and ßX\\X is sequential, then Y is normal. More... generally, if / is a continuous surjection from normal X onto regular Y and ßX\\X has the property that countably compact subsets are closed (this property is called C-closed), then Y is normal. There is an example of a normal space X such that ßX\\X is C...
Cosmological perturbations through a simple bounce
Laura E. Allen; David Wands
2004-07-20
We present a detailed study of a simple scalar field model that yields non-singular cosmological solutions. We study both the qualitative dynamics of the homogeneous and isotropic background and the evolution of inhomogeneous linear perturbations. We calculate the spectrum of perturbations generated on super-Hubble scales during the collapse phase from initial vacuum fluctuations on small scales and then evolve these numerically through the bounce. We show there is a gauge in which perturbations remain well-defined and small throughout the bounce, even though perturbations in other commonly used gauges become large or ill-defined. We show that the comoving curvature perturbation calculated during the collapse phase provides a good estimate of the resulting large scale adiabatic perturbation in the expanding phase while the Bardeen metric potential is dominated by what becomes a decaying mode after the bounce. We show that a power-law collapse phase with scale factor proportional to $(-t)^{2/3}$ can yield a scale-invariant spectrum of adiabatic scalar perturbations in the expanding phase, but the amplitude of tensor perturbations places important constraints on the allowed initial conditions.
Lyapunov Exponents and Uniform Weak Normally Repelling Invariant Sets
Smith, Hal
Lyapunov Exponents and Uniform Weak Normally Repelling Invariant Sets Paul Leonard Salceanu and Hal repelling in directions normal to the boundary in which M resides provided all normal Lyapunov exponents that Lyapunov exponents can be used to establish the requisite repelling properties for both discrete
Two tests for multivariate normality based on the characteristic function
Arcones, Miguel A.
Two tests for multivariate normality based on the characteristic function Miguel A. Arcones-mail:arcones@math.binghamton.edu April 10, 2007 Abstract We present two tests for multivariate normality. The presented tests are based on the L´evy characterization of the normal distribution and on the BHEP tests. The tests are affine
Fractal Fluctuations and Statistical Normal Distribution
A. M. Selvam
2008-05-22
Dynamical systems in nature exhibit selfsimilar fractal fluctuations and the corresponding power spectra follow inverse power law form signifying long-range space-time correlations identified as self-organized criticality. The physics of self-organized criticality is not yet identified. The Gaussian probability distribution used widely for analysis and description of large data sets underestimates the probabilities of occurrence of extreme events such as stock market crashes, earthquakes, heavy rainfall, etc. The assumptions underlying the normal distribution such as fixed mean and standard deviation, independence of data, are not valid for real world fractal data sets exhibiting a scale-free power law distribution with fat tails. A general systems theory for fractals visualizes the emergence of successively larger scale fluctuations to result from the space-time integration of enclosed smaller scale fluctuations. The model predicts a universal inverse power law incorporating the golden mean for fractal fluctuations and for the corresponding power spectra, i.e., the variance spectrum represents the probabilities, a signature of quantum systems. Fractal fluctuations therefore exhibit quantum-like chaos. The model predicted inverse power law is very close to the Gaussian distribution for small-scale fluctuations, but exhibits a fat long tail for large-scale fluctuations. Extensive data sets of Dow Jones index, Human DNA, Takifugu rubripes (Puffer fish) DNA are analysed to show that the space/time data sets are close to the model predicted power law distribution.
Transmission resonances, quasi-normal modes and quasi-normal frequencies: Key analytic results
Boonserm, Petarpa
2010-01-01
Exact solutions for transmission amplitudes and transmission probabilities, the existence of transmission resonances, and the closely related study of exact quasi-normal modes [QNMs] and quasi-normal frequencies [QNFs], has had a long and convoluted history - replete with many rediscoveries of previously known results. In this article we shall collect and survey a number of analytic results, and develop several new results, in a form amenable to comparison with the extant literature. In particular we shall discuss the delta-function potential, double-delta-function potential, and asymmetric double-delta-function potential; the step barrier, symmetric rectangular potential barrier, and asymmetric rectangular potential barrier; and then discuss the Eckart potential and its simplifications - the tanh potential and sech^2 potential. The history of the Eckart potential is particularly complicated: Apart from the special case of the Morse potential, other special cases and equivalent reformulations of Eckart's resu...
Hirche, Sandra
- and Thermoacoustics, May 17-21, 2010, Munich A SIMPLE STATE-SPACE APPROACH FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF NON-NORMAL EFFECTS IN THERMOACOUSTIC SYSTEMS Herbert Mangesius, Wolfgang Polifke Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik Technische Universität-order, state-space modeling approach for thermoacoustic systems has been devel- oped, which is based on present
A Simple, Fast Method of Estimating Fractured Reservoir Geometry...
Fractured Reservoir Geometry from Tracer Tests Abstract A simple method of estimating flow geometry and pore geometry from conservative tracer tests in single phase geothermal...
Comparison of residual stresses in Inconel 718 simple parts made...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
melting and direct laser metal sintering Residual stress profiles were mapped using neutron diffraction in two simple prism builds of Inconel 718: one fabricated with electron...
Fast and Simple Algorithms for Weighted Perfect Matching
Fast and Simple Algorithms for Weighted Perfect Matching Mirjam Wattenhofer, Roger Wattenhofer Abstract We present two fast and simple combinatorial approximation algorithms for con- structing a minimum algorithm runs in O(n2 log n) time and is at most a factor log n worse than an optimal solution
Models for steady state cycles in simple cells
Bennett, Steven D.
Models for steady state cycles in simple cells Steve Bennett April 19, 2004 Abstract Candidate simple cell models are explored, with emphasis on their potential to result in a stable cell cycle, and consequences and limitations of each model are discussed. 1 Introduction and Background Cell architecture
Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in 3-D simple models
Cerveny, Vlastislav
Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in 3-D simple models: comparison of triclinic anisotropy depth migration to calculate migrated sections in 3-D simple anisotropic homogeneous velocity models interface. The anisotropy in the upper layer is triclinic. We apply Kirch- hoff prestack depth migration
REGULAR ARTICLE A Simple Dynamic Model of Respiratory Pump
Fontecave-Jallon, Julie
REGULAR ARTICLE A Simple Dynamic Model of Respiratory Pump Pascale Calabrese · Pierre Baconnier the relative motion of rib cage and abdomen during quiet breathing. Keywords Respiratory pump model Á. Hillman and Finucane (1987) have produced a simple model of the respiratory pump that ``appears
Engineering a Simple, Efficient Code-Generator Generator
Fraser, Christopher W.
Engineering a Simple, Efficient Code-Generator Generator CHRISTOPHER W, FRASER AT& TBell Laboratories DAVID R. HANSON Princeton University and TODD A. PROEBSTING The University of Arizona Many code-generator generators use tree pattern matching and dynamic programming. This paper describes a simple program
TERMINATION OF NON-SIMPLE REWRITE SYSTEMS CHARLES GLEN HOOT
Dershowitz, Nachum
TERMINATION OF NON-SIMPLE REWRITE SYSTEMS BY CHARLES GLEN HOOT B.A., University of California, San Diego, 1982 M.A., Princeton University, 1985 THESIS Submitted in partial ful llment of the requirements at Urbana-Champaign, 1996 Urbana, Illinois #12;TERMINATION OF NON-SIMPLE REWRITE SYSTEMS Charles Glen Hoot
Energy and linear and angular momenta in simple electromagnetic systems
Mansuripur, Masud
2015-01-01
We present examples of simple electromagnetic systems in which energy, linear momentum, and angular momentum exhibit interesting behavior. The systems are sufficiently simple to allow exact solutions of Maxwell's equations in conjunction with the electrodynamic laws of force, torque, energy, and momentum. In all the cases examined, conservation of energy and momentum is confirmed.
Attribute Oriented Induction with simple select SQL statement
Warnars, Spits
2010-01-01
Searching learning or rules in relational database for data mining purposes with characteristic or classification/discriminant rule in attribute oriented induction technique can be quicker, easy, and simple with simple SQL statement. With just only one simple SQL statement, characteristic and classification rule can be created simultaneously. Collaboration SQL statement with any other application software will increase the ability for creating t-weight as measurement the typicality of each record in the characteristic rule and d-weight as measurement the discriminating behavior of the learned classification/discriminant rule, particularly for further generalization in characteristic rule. Handling concept hierarchy into tables based on concept tree will influence for the successful simple SQL statement and by knowing the right standard knowledge to transform each of concept tree in concept hierarchy into one table as transforming concept hierarchy into table, the simple SQL statement can be run properly.
Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of a Surrogate Fuel...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of a Surrogate Fuel Assembly. McConnell, Paul E.; Wauneka, Robert; Saltzstein, Sylvia J.; Sorenson, Ken B. Abstract not provided. Sandia...
Log-normal distribution for correlators in lattice QCD?
Thomas DeGrand
2012-04-20
Many hadronic correlators used in spectroscopy calculations in lattice QCD simulations appear to show a log-normal distribution at intermediate time separations.
Genome Wide Evaluation of Normal Human Tissue in Response to...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Wide Evaluation of Normal Human Tissue in Response to Controlled, In vivo Low-Dose Low LET Ionizing Radiation Exposure: Pathways and Mechanisms Final Report, September 2013 Rocke,...
Flavor dependence of normalization constant for an infrared renormalon
Taekoon Lee
2015-02-09
An ansatz is proposed for the flavor dependence of the normalization constant for the first IR renormalon in heavy quark pole mass.
Neural Effects of Beta Amyloid in Normal Aging
Mormino, Elizabeth Charlotte
2011-01-01
age categories. Neurobiol Aging 1997; 18: 351-?7. JK, McIntosh AR. Aging gracefully: compensatory B. The effect of normal aging on the coupling of
Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...
Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading...
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
Jeffrey Aguilar; Alex Lesov; Kurt Wiesenfeld; Daniel I. Goldman
2012-08-30
We study vertical jumping in a simple robot comprising an actuated mass-spring arrangement. The actuator frequency and phase are systematically varied to find optimal performance. Optimal jumps occur above and below (but not at) the robot's resonant frequency $f_0$. Two distinct jumping modes emerge: a simple jump which is optimal above $f_0$ is achievable with a squat maneuver, and a peculiar stutter jump which is optimal below $f_0$ is generated with a counter-movement. A simple dynamical model reveals how optimal lift-off results from non-resonant transient dynamics.
Normal Basis Multiplication Algorithms for GF(2n ) (Full Version)
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
1 Normal Basis Multiplication Algorithms for GF(2n ) (Full Version) Haining Fan, Duo Liu and Yiqi. fan_haining@yahoo.com Abstract - In this paper, we propose a new normal basis multiplication algorithm for GF(2n ). This algorithm can be used to design not only fast software algorithms but also low
Ordered Spaces all of whose Continuous Images are Normal
Fleissner, William G.; Levy, Ronnie
1989-01-01
Some spaces, such as compact Hausdorff spaces, have the property that every regular continuous image is normal. In this paper, we look at such spaces. In particular, it is shown that if a normal space has finite Stone-Cech remainder, then every...
N d'ordre: 011 Ecole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
N d'ordre: 011 Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme recherches in Computer Science from Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon. Scheduling Pipelined Applications. Yves Robert Professor, ENS Lyon, France M. Denis Trystram Professor, IMAG, Grenoble, France #12
DATA NORMALIZATION : A KEY FOR STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING
Farrar, C. R. (Charles R.); Sohn, H. (Hoon); Worden, K.
2001-01-01
Structural health monitoring (SHM) is the implementation of a damage detection strategy for aerospace, civil and mechanical engineering infrastructure. Typical damage experienced by this infrastructure might be the development of fatigue cracks, degradation of structural connections, or bearing wear in rotating machinery. For SHM strategies that rely on vibration response measurements, the ability to normalize the measured data with respect to varying operational and environmental conditions is essential if one is to avoid false-positive indications of damage. Examples of common normalization procedure include normalizing the response measurements by the measured inputs as is commonly done when extracting modal parameters. When environmental cycles influence the measured data, a temporal normalization scheme may be employed. This paper will summarize various strategies for performing this data normalization task. These strategies fall into two general classes: (1) Those employed when measures of the varying environmental and operational parameters are available; (2) Those employed when such measures are not available. Whenever data normalization is performed, one runs the risk that the damage sensitive features to be extracted from the data will be obscured by the data normalization procedure. This paper will summarize several normalization procedures that have been employed by the authors and issues that have arose when trying to implement them on experimental and numerical data.
Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark
Stark, Dudley
Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark School of Mathematical Sciences Queen;Abstract The normal curve has been used to fit the rate of both world and U.S.A. oil production. In this paper we give the first theoretical basis for these curve fittings. It is well known that oil field
New Equipartition Results for Normal Mode Energies of Anharmonic Chains
Henry, Bruce Ian
New Equipartition Results for Normal Mode Energies of Anharmonic Chains B.I. Henry 1 and T. Szeredi 2;3 Date: 26 September 1995 The canonical and microÂcanonical distribution of energy among. If the interÂparticle potential is an even function then energy is distributed uniformly among the normal modes
Banded Matrix Fraction Representation of Triangular Input Normal Pairs
Banded Matrix Fraction Representation of Triangular Input Normal Pairs Andrew P. Mullhaupt #3 if and only if A is triangular and AA #3; + BB #3; = I n , where I n is the identity matrix. Input normal and A is a matrix fraction, A = M 1 N , where M and N are triangular matrices of low bandwidth. For single input
On the normalization of the HBT correlation function
D. Miskowiec; S. Voloshin
1998-03-16
We discuss the question of the normalization of the correlation function and its consistency with the often used form C(p1,p2) = 1+|f(p1,p2)|^2. We suggest an event mixing method which allows one to obtain absolutely normalized correlation functions from experimental data.
Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis
Vo-Dinh, T.; Panjehpour, M.; Overholt, B.F.
1996-12-03
An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample. 5 figs.
Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis
Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Panjehpour, Masoud (Knoxville, TN); Overholt, Bergein F. (Knoxville, TN)
1996-01-01
An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample.
Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Simple Composition: A Magnetoencephalography
Pylkkänen, Liina
Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Simple Composition: A Magnetoencephalography Investigation neurolinguistic investigations probe the basic processes that constitute the foundation of this ability, choosing instead to focus on relatively complex combinatorial operations. Contrastingly, in the present work, we
The Complexity of Nash Equilibria in Simple Stochastic Multiplayer Games
Ummels, Michael; Wojtczak, Dominik
2009-02-01
We analyse the computational complexity of finding Nash equilibria in simple stochastic multiplayer games. We show that restricting the search space to equilibria whose payoffs fall into a certain interval may lead to ...
A Simple Technique for Islanding Detection with Negligible Nondetection Zone
Kirtley Jr, James L.
Although active islanding detection techniques have smaller nondetection zones than passive techniques, active methods could degrade the system power quality and are not as simple and easy to implement as passive methods. ...
Smart, simple energy-saving tips to beat the heat
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Publications Tribal Affairs Newsroom Search News Articles... Search Smart, simple energy-saving tips to beat the heat 7292015 2:02 PM Tweet Page Content BPA and its electric...
Strongly Perforated K0-Groups of Simple C ?-Algebras
K-theory (4) 15(1998), 307–322. [V]. Jesper Villadsen, Simple C*-algebras with perforation. J. Funct. Anal. (1) 154(1998), 110–116. Toftegaards Alle 26. 4 tv.
On simple modules for certain pointed Hopf algebras
Pereira Lopez, Mariana
2007-04-25
-1 ON SIMPLE MODULES FOR CERTAIN POINTED HOPF ALGEBRAS A Dissertation by MARIANA PEREIRA LOPEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfifllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2006... Major Subject: Mathematics ON SIMPLE MODULES FOR CERTAIN POINTED HOPF ALGEBRAS A Dissertation by MARIANA PEREIRA LOPEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfifllment of the requirements for the degree...
Simple model of photo acoustic system for greenhouse effect
Fukuhara, Akiko; Ogawa, Naohisa
2010-01-01
The simple theoretical basis for photo acoustic (PA) system for studying infrared absorption properties of greenhouse gases is constructed. The amplitude of sound observed in PA depends on the modulation frequency of light pulse. Its dependence can be explained by our simple model. According to this model, sound signal has higher harmonics. The theory and experiment are compared in third and fifth harmonics by spectrum analysis. The theory has the analogy with electric circuits. This analogy helps students for understanding the PA system.
Golubev, Dmitri; Kuzmin, Leonid
2001-06-01
The operation of the hot-electron bolometer with normal metal-insulator-superconductor (NIS) tunnel junction as a temperature sensor is analyzed theoretically. The responsivity and the noise equivalent power (NEP) of the bolometer are obtained numerically for typical experimental parameters. Relatively simple approximate analytical expressions for these values are derived. The time constant of the device is also found. We demonstrate that the effect of the electron cooling by the NIS junction, which serves as a thermometer, can improve the sensitivity. This effect is also useful in the presence of the finite background power load. We discuss the effect of the correlation of the shot noise and the heat flow noise in the NIS junction. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.
On quasi-normal modes, area quantization and Bohr correspondence principle
Christian Corda
2015-03-30
In Int. Journ. Mod. Phys. D 14, 181 (2005), the author Khriplovich verbatim claims that "the correspondence principle does not dictate any relation between the asymptotics of quasinormal modes and the spectrum of quantized black holes" and that "this belief is in conflict with simple physical arguments". In this paper we analyze Khriplovich's criticisms and realize that they work only for the original proposal by Hod, while they do not work for the improvements suggested by Maggiore and recently finalized by the author and collaborators through a connection between Hawking radiation and black hole (BH) quasi-normal modes (QNMs). This is a model of quantum BH somewhat similar to the historical semi-classical model of the structure of a hydrogen atom introduced by Bohr in 1913. Thus, QNMs can be really interpreted as BH quantum levels (the "electrons" of the "Bohr-like BH model"). Our results have also important implications on the BH information puzzle.
A simple correlation to predict the hydrate quadruple point temperature for LPG mixtures
Yousif, M.H.
1997-12-31
A simple correlation to predict the hydrate upper quadruple point temperature, T{sub Q2B} for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) mixtures was developed. It was developed for use as a part of a modeling and control system for a LPG pipeline in Russia. For performance reasons, a simple hydrate prediction correlation was required that could be incorporated into the real-time and predictive pipeline simulation models. The operating company required both real time and predictive simulation tools be developed to assist in preventing hydrate blockages while minimizing the use of methanol. In this particular pipeline, LPG fluid moves through the pipeline as a single phase liquid above its bubble point pressure. Because of the very low flow rates, the trace amount of water present in the LPG drops out and creates water pools at low points in the pipeline. The pipeline pressure and seasonal temperatures are conducive for hydrate formation in these pools. Methanol and monoethylene glycol (MEG) are injected in the pipeline to help prevent hydrate formation. The newly developed correlation predicts the hydrate quadruple point temperature using only the composition and the molecular weight of the LPG mixture while retaining an accuracy comparable to the statistical thermodynamic models throughout the range of normal operating conditions.
Statistical Inference for Models with Intractable Normalizing Constants
Jin, Ick Hoon
2011-06-27
In this dissertation, we have proposed two new algorithms for statistical inference for models with intractable normalizing constants: the Monte Carlo Metropolis-Hastings algorithm and the Bayesian Stochastic Approximation Monte Carlo algorithm...
The normalization of citation counts based on classification systems
Bornmann, Lutz; Barth, Andreas
2013-01-01
If we want to assess whether the paper in question has had a particularly high or low citation impact compared to other papers, the standard practice in bibliometrics is to normalize citations in respect of the subject category and publication year. A number of proposals for an improved procedure in the normalization of citation impact have been put forward in recent years. Against the background of these proposals this study describes an ideal solution for the normalization of citation impact: in a first step, the reference set for the publication in question is collated by means of a classification scheme, where every publication is associated with a single principal research field or subfield entry (e. g. via Chemical Abstracts sections) and a publication year. In a second step, percentiles of citation counts are calculated for this set and used to assign the normalized citation impact score to the publications (and also to the publication in question).
Testicular function in normal and poor semen quality stallions
Bryan, Tina Michelle
2006-04-12
The chromosomal location of endocrine genes was established, and relationships between expression of specific endocrine genes and measures of testis function in normal and poor semen quality stallions was assessed. Consensus ...
Mapping Technology Space by Normalizing Technology Relatedness Networks
Alstott, Jeff; Yan, Bowen; Luo, Jianxi
2015-01-01
Technology is a complex system, with technologies relating to each other in a space that can be mapped as a network. The technology relatedness network's structure can reveal properties of technologies and of human behavior, if it can be mapped accurately. Technology networks have been made from patent data, using several measures of relatedness. These measures, however, are influenced by factors of the patenting system that do not reflect technologies or their relatedness. We created technology networks that precisely controlled for these impinging factors and normalized them out, using data from 3.9 million patents. The normalized technology relatedness networks were sparse, with only ~20% of technology domain pairs more related than would be expected by chance. Different measures of technology relatedness became more correlated with each other after normalization, approaching a single dimension of technology relatedness. The normalized network corresponded with human behavior: we analyzed the patenting his...
Electron transport in normal-metal/superconductor junctions
Yan, XZ; Zhao, HW; Hu, Chia-Ren.
2000-01-01
On the basis of the Keldysh method of nonequilibrium systems, we develop a theory of electron tunneling in normal-metal-superconductor junctions. By using the tunneling Hamiltonian model (being appropriate for the tight-binding systems...
NORMALITY OF NILPOTENT VARIETIES IN E6 ERIC SOMMERS
Sommers, Eric
NORMALITY OF NILPOTENT VARIETIES IN E6 ERIC SOMMERS ABSTRACT. We determine which nilpotent orbits for a careful reading of the paper leading to its improvement. 1 #12;2 ERIC SOMMERS Our proof is direct
Converting normal insulators into topological insulators via tuning orbital levels
Shi, Wu-Jun
Tuning the spin-orbit coupling strength via foreign element doping and modifying bonding strength via strain engineering are the major routes to convert normal insulators to topological insulators. We here propose an ...
Connection between asymptotic normalization coefficients, subthreshold bound states, and resonances
Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Tribble, Robert E.
1999-01-01
We present here useful relations showing the connection between the asymptotic normalization coefficient (ANC) and the fitting parameters in K- and R-matrix theory methods which are often used when analyzing low energy experimental data. It is shown...
A Simple Proof of the Ramsey Savings Equation
El-Hodiri, Mohamed
1978-01-01
SIAM REVIEW Vol. 20, No. 1, January 1978 A SIMPLE PROOF OF THE RAMSEY SAVINGS EQUATION* MOHAMED EL-HODIRI? In [2] Ramsey considers the problem of minimizing the accumulated differ- ence between bliss B and net utility U(x)- V(a), where U... no new "truths." It merely makes it easier to understand what is already a widely held belief. Ramsey considers the case where T . By taking the limit, and arguing around a bit, we can show that the Euler equations in our simple problem will still hold...
Evaluating Simple Repository Deposit for Open Educational Resources
Giles, C. Lee
Evaluating Simple Repository Deposit for Open Educational Resources Morwan Mohamed Nour, Kyle software tools have been identified as drivers for the Open Educational Resources (OER) move- ment. However resources, repository, deposit, desktop 1 Introduction Open Educational Resources (OER) are digital objects
Engineering There is a technology gap for simple yet efficient
Chemical Engineering Abstract There is a technology gap for simple yet efficient sample handling.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Illinois in 1989, and was a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the Beckman:15pm in LSE 106 School for Engineering of Matter, Transport & Energy #12;
Preparation of Samples for Light Microscopy Simple Wax Seal
Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir
Preparation of Samples for Light Microscopy Simple Wax Seal Materials - Slide - Cover Slip - Paraffin Wax Candle - Pasteur Pipette (suggested size 5 3/4 inch) - Matches Preparation of the Slide - You may want to protect the work surface from melted wax. We use a sheet of aluminum foil taped
Uniform Coverage of Simple Surfaces Embedded in R3
Choset, Howie
-painting in the automotive industry. Among the different kinds of spray painting mechanisms available, electro- static surface patches that are geodesically convex and topologically simple to represent realistic automotive over non-planar automotive surfaces, making the task of planning paths for such atomizers challenging
A Simple Generic Library for C Marian Vittek1
Moreau, Pierre-Etienne
, like Standard Template Library (STL) [6, 7] define algorithms inde- pendently on particular base typeA Simple Generic Library for C Marian Vittek1 , Peter Borovansky1 , and Pierre-Etienne Moreau2 1 presents Sglib, a C library freely inspired by the Standard Template Library (STL). In opposition to C
Commons and Anticommons in a simple Renewable Resource Harvest Model
Boschetti, Fabio
Commons and Anticommons in a simple Renewable Resource Harvest Model June 20, 2007 M. Bredea a model where agents harvesting from a renewable resource can impose limita- tions on the harvesting that a fluctuation destabilizes the system into severe overexploitation. key words: renewable resources, commons
Eutrophication risk assessment in coastal embayments using simple statistical models
Arhonditsis, George B.
Eutrophication risk assessment in coastal embayments using simple statistical models G. Arhonditsis was the development of regression models relating the levels of chlorophyll a (Chl) with the concentration of the limiting nutrientusually nitrogenand the renewal rate of the systems. The method was applied
A SIMPLE APPROACH TO HIGH RESOLUTION SEISMIC PROFILING FOR COAL *
A SIMPLE APPROACH TO HIGH RESOLUTION SEISMIC PROFILING FOR COAL * BY A. ZIOLKOWSKI ** and W. E Seismic Profiling for Coal, Geophysical Prospecting 27, 360-393, Seismic exploration techniques which have been developed for oil prospecting contrib- ute a valuable means for surveying coal measures. Since
POWER PLANT IMPACT ASSESSMENT: A SIMPLE FISHERY PRODUCTION MODEL APPROACH
POWER PLANT IMPACT ASSESSMENT: A SIMPLE FISHERY PRODUCTION MODEL APPROACH ALECD. MACCALL,' KEITHR power plant entrainment mortality as a fraction (Rc) of the abundance ofthat cohort in the absence of power plant impact can be calculated by Rc = exp (-Ejtj) wheretj is the duration oflife stagei, and
Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in simple models of various anisotropy
Cerveny, Vlastislav
Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in simple models of various anisotropy V´aclav Bucha Department Republic, E-mail: bucha@seis.karlov.mff.cuni.cz Summary We apply the Kirchhoff prestack depth migration anisotropy and monoclinic anisotropy. We test Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in two ways: a
Modeling of strain rate effects on clay in simple shear
Jung, Byoung Chan
2006-08-16
The objective of this research is the development of a new constitutive model to describe the behavior of cohesive soils under time dependent loading. In the work presented here, the modified SIMPLE DSS model is expanded to account for the effects...
Development of scientific reasoning through explorations of simple
?umer, Slobodan
2 (60 ECTS) Seminar Didactics of Physics 3 Research work for master thesis Astrophysics and particle (60 ECTS) Seminar Didactics of Physics 3 Research work for master thesis Astrophysics and particleDevelopment of scientific reasoning through explorations of simple experiments Gorazd Planinsic
Statistical mechanics of simple fluids: beyond van der Waals
Lebowitz, Joel
Statistical mechanics of simple fluids: beyond van der Waals Equilibrium properties of dense fluids, such as a fluid of "hard spheres," and to calculations on high-speed computers. Joel L. Lebowitz and Eduardo M. Waisman Dense fluids, defined to include both dense gases and liquids, have the repu- tation of being
Simple theory for the Levitron T. B. Jonesa)
Jones, Thomas B.
® is a popular toy that provides a unique and interesting demonstration of levitation using permanent magnets. It consists of a small, spinning magnetic top and a magnetic base plate. Stable levitation is possible because of a unique coupling of the magnetic forces and torques with the gyroscopic action of the top. A simple theory
A Simple Algorithm for Detecting Circular Permutations in Proteins
Amir, Amihood
A Simple Algorithm for Detecting Circular Permutations in Proteins S. Uliel 1 , A. Fliess 1 , A CCR9610170 and BSF grant 96000509. #12; Abstract Motivation: Circular permutation of a protein is a genetic operation in which part of the Cterminal of the protein is moved to its Nterminal. Recently
Tracking Information Flow through the Environment: Simple Cases of Stigmergy
Polani, Daniel
Tracking Information Flow through the Environment: Simple Cases of Stigmergy Alexander S. Klyubin, Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield Herts aims at studying the perception-action loop in a formalized information-theoretic manner. By treating
Tracking Information Flow through the Environment: Simple Cases of Stigmergy
Polani, Daniel
Tracking Information Flow through the Environment: Simple Cases of Stigmergy Alexander S. Klyubin, Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield Herts aims at studying the perceptionaction loop in a formalized informationtheoretic manner. By treating
A Simple Rate Control Algorithm for Maximizing Total User Utility
Sarkar, Saswati
A Simple Rate Control Algorithm for Maximizing Total User Utility Koushik Kar y Saswati Sarkar user utility. It takes into account the pos sible differences in user requirements, and also provides the network to know the user utility functions. In our algorithm, the network communi cates to the user
A simple model of the hierarchical formation of galaxies
B. Hoeneisen
2000-09-05
We develop a simple, fast and predictive model of the hierarchical formation of galaxies which is in quantitative agreement with observations. Comparing simulations with observations we place constraints on the density of the universe and on the power spectrum of density fluctuations.
Basing Obfuscation on Simple Tamper-Proof Hardware Assumptions
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Basing Obfuscation on Simple Tamper-Proof Hardware Assumptions Nico D¨ottling, Thilo Mie, J¨orn M for obfuscation, and using tamper-proof hardware tokens to achieve general code obfuscation. Following this last on the security of this CRS. Keywords: Obfuscation, Stateless Tamper-Proof hardware, Universal Composability
Demo: html5 structure Simple Text/Web Editor
Stowell, Michael
Demo: html5 structure Simple Text/Web Editor · TextEdit make plain text (osx) · Notepad++ (windows Workflow (nomadic version) · Set up/verify web folder on local hard drive · Set up FTP (file transfer protocol) client · Download web files (html, css, jpg, gif, png) from server to local folder · Open
Want to Learn Simple Industrial Energy Efficiency Tips?
Want to Learn Simple Industrial Energy Efficiency Tips? Attend a free workshop put can reduce energy usage. This program is valuable to all manufacturing segments. Friday, June 23, 2006 8 a.m. 12 noon Xcel Energy's Technical Services Bldg 550 15th St - Denver, CO 80202 Conference
SIMPLE TESTS TO PREDICT FADING IN TREE OBSTRUCTED MMDS CHANNELS
Saskatchewan, University of
provides two simple tests that predict the worst case fading when wind is present for a given placement the summer when the trees are fully foliated, as long as there is little or no wind. The presence of wind depends on the wind speed and direction, the delay spread of the channel and the foliage density
Information-based analysis of simple incoherent imaging systems
Ashok, Amit
Information-based analysis of simple incoherent imaging systems Amit Ashok and Mark A. Neifeld@ece.arizona.edu Abstract: We present an information-based analysis of three candidate imagers: a conventional lens system.3050) Information processing; (220.4830) Op- tical systems design References and links 1. J. van der Gracht and G. W
Towards Robot Skill Learning: From Simple Skills to Table Tennis
Towards Robot Skill Learning: From Simple Skills to Table Tennis Jan Peters, Jens Kober, Katharina Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, 72076 Tübingen, Germany Abstract. Learning robots that can acquire new motor skills and re- fine existing ones have been a long-standing vision of both robotics
SIMPLE ALGEBRAS, BASE CHANGE, AND THE ADVANCED THEORY
Casselman, William
, New Jersey Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Arthur, James, 1944- Simple algebras and durability. Paperbacks, while satisfactory for personal collec- tions, are not usually suitable for library functions 20 4. Orbital integrals of Hecke functions 32 5. Orbital integrals: non-inert primes 48 6. Base
SWING: Traffic Capacity of a Simple WDM Ring Network
Bonald, Thomas
, Charlotte Roger Orange Labs, France Telecom, France Abstract-- The paper presents a novel MAC protocol. INTRODUCTION There is renewed and growing interest in exploiting the high capacity and energy efficiency result is to prove that a simple greedy opportunistic access policy, while unfair, is perfectly efficient
Assignment 3 Objective: Signal processing through simple time domain operations.
Naik, Naren
Assignment 3 Objective: Signal processing through simple time domain operations. Part 1 : Q1. Play millisecond and alpha = 0.2 . Compare your output with signal generated by an audio processing software. Audacity Software: It is a open source software to do basic signal processing operations over audio
Simple, Broadband Relative Phase Measurement of Intermodulation Products
Simple, Broadband Relative Phase Measurement of Intermodulation Products Aaron Walker, Michael, several methods have been developed to measure the relative phase of nonlinear products generated during DUT, but was used in [2] to measure the phase of intermodulation products in two-tone excitation
A simple model for laser drilling Jeb Collins a,1
A simple model for laser drilling Jeb Collins a,1 , Pierre Gremaud b,2, aDepartment of Mathematics drilling is proposed. Assuming axi-symmetry of the process around the axis of the laser beam, a one, implemented and validated for drilling using lasers with intensities in the GW/cm2 range and microsecond
Control and optimal operation of simple heat pump cycles
Skogestad, Sigurd
Control and optimal operation of simple heat pump cycles Jørgen Bauck Jensen and Sigurd Skogestad in the opposite direction, the "heat pump", has recently become pop- ular. These two applications have also merged. The coefficients of performance for a heating cycle (heat pump) and a cooling cycle (refrigerator, A/C) are defined
A SIMPLE ALGORITHM FOR IDENTIFYING ABBREVIATION DEFINITIONS IN BIOMEDICAL TEXT
Hearst, Marti
A SIMPLE ALGORITHM FOR IDENTIFYING ABBREVIATION DEFINITIONS IN BIOMEDICAL TEXT ARIEL S. SCHWARTZ of biomedical text is growing at a fast rate, creating challenges for humans and computer systems alike. One of these challenges arises from the frequent use of novel abbreviations in these texts, thus requiring that biomedical
Lesson Summary Students make a simple magnetometer and use it
Mojzsis, Stephen J.
Science and Technology Understandings about Science and Technology History and Nature of Science Science student teams 4. Pre-cut soda bottle as necessary 5. Build and use a simple magnetometer Classroom dominates in the magnetic field of the solar wind. The magnetosphere is shaped somewhat like a comet
Simple procedure for schematic design of passive solar buildings
Wray, W.O.; Kosiewicz, C.E.
1984-01-01
A simple procedure for use during the schematic phase of passive solar building design is presented in this article. The procedure is quantitative and accurate enough to insure that designs based on the provided starting point values of the primary building parameters will be cost effective.
A Simple Genetic Algorithm for Biomarker Mining Dusan Popovic1
A Simple Genetic Algorithm for Biomarker Mining Dusan Popovic1 , Alejandro Sifrim1 , Georgios A Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, box 2446, 3001, Leuven, Belgium {Dusan.Popovic,Alejandro.Sifrim,Georgios.Pavlopoulos,Yves.Moreau, Bart.DeMoor}@esat.kuleuven.be Abstract. We present a method for prognostics biomarker mining based
METHODOLOGY ARTICLE Open Access A simple and reproducible breast cancer
Geman, Donald
METHODOLOGY ARTICLE Open Access A simple and reproducible breast cancer prognostic test Luigi test for breast cancer based on a 70-gene expression signature. We provide all the software, Personalized medicine, Breast cancer, MammaPrint Background Currently, a number of molecular-based prognostic
Computationally Simple Battery Management Techniques for Wireless Nodes
Sarkar, Saswati
Computationally Simple Battery Management Techniques for Wireless Nodes Maria Adamou 1 and Saswati In this paper, we investigate di#11;erent battery management policies for a wireless node. The goal is to increase the lifetime of a node by exploiting its battery characteristics. We have presented a framework
Simple radiative neutrino mass matrix for solar and atmospheric oscillations
Ma, E
1995-01-01
A simple 3 X 3 neutrino Majorana mass matrix is proposed to accommodate both the solar and atmospheric neutrino deficits. This scenario can be realized naturally by a radiative mechanism for the generation of neutrino masses. It also goes together naturally with electroweak baryogenesis and cold dark matter in a specific model.
Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries
Soares, M.B.; Efstratiadis, A.
1998-11-03
This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3` noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to appropriate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. This invention also provides normalized cDNA libraries generated by the above-described method and uses of the generated libraries. 19 figs.
Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries
Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)
1998-01-01
This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to appropriate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. This invention also provides normalized cDNA libraries generated by the above-described method and uses of the generated libraries.
The Valve Location Problem in Simple Network Topologies
Utrecht, Universiteit
§ Abstract To control possible spills in liquid or gas transporting pipe systems, the systems are usually connected to operations and maintenance of liquid or gastransporting pipe systems; for applications and gases, e.g. crude oil or natural gas, over land. In normal daily operations, pipelines do not produce
The Valve Location Problem in Simple Network Topologies
Utrecht, Universiteit
To control possible spills in liquid or gas transporting pipe systems, the systems are usually equipped to operations and maintenance of liquid- or gas-transporting pipe systems; for applications related to the long oil or natural gas, over land. In normal daily operations, pipelines do not produce any pollution
Closeness to spheres of hypersurfaces with normal curvature bounded below
Borisenko, A A; Drach, K D
2013-11-30
For a Riemannian manifold M{sup n+1} and a compact domain ?? M{sup n+1} bounded by a hypersurface ?? with normal curvature bounded below, estimates are obtained in terms of the distance from O to ?? for the angle between the geodesic line joining a fixed interior point O in ? to a point on ?? and the outward normal to the surface. Estimates for the width of a spherical shell containing such a hypersurface are also presented. Bibliography: 9 titles.
Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries
Soares, M.B.; Efstratiadis, A.
1996-01-09
This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form. The method comprises: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3` noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. 4 figs.
Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries
Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)
1996-01-01
This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.
Arithmetic Coding for Data Compression
Howard, Paul G.; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott
1994-01-01
of the particular sequence of events in the #0Cle. The #0Cnal step uses at most b,log 2 pc + 2 bits to distinguish the #0Cle fromall other possible #0Cles. We need some mechanism to indicate the end ofthe #0Cle, either a special end- of-#0Cle event coded just once... of the particular sequence of events in the #0Cle. The #0Cnal step uses at most b,log 2 pc + 2 bits to distinguish the #0Cle fromall other possible #0Cles. We need some mechanism to indicate the end ofthe #0Cle, either a special end- of-#0Cle event coded just once...
SHORTER CONTRIBUTIONS. ARITHMETIC BY SMELL.
Inglis, Matthew
, and quinine seemed suitable for the purpose, and there appeared to be little difficulty in carrying
Arithmetical Foundations Recursion. Evaluation. Consistency
Nabben, Reinhard
µ-recursive maps as partial PR maps and special terminating general recursive maps-- terminating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 1.7 Extension by Predicate Abstraction . . . . . . . . . . . 70 2 Partial PR Maps 87 2.1 Theories of Partial PR Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 2.2 Proof of Structure Theorem for Partials
Arithmetical Foundations Recursion. Evaluation. Consistency
Nabben, Reinhard
as partial p. r. maps. Special terminating general recursive maps con- sidered are complexity controlled code evaluation versus termination conditioned soundness and based on this decidability of primitive re Partial Maps 77 3.1 Theory of partial maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 3.2 Structure theorem
Convex Deep Learning via Normalized Kernels Ozlem Aslan
Schuurmans, Dale
Convex Deep Learning via Normalized Kernels ¨Ozlem Aslan Dept of Computing Science University Deep learning has been a long standing pursuit in machine learning, which until recently was hampered meth- ods while expanding the range of representable structures toward deep models. In this paper, we
Computation of Normal Logic Programs by Fibring Neural Networks
Seda, Anthony Karel
Computation of Normal Logic Programs by Fibring Neural Networks Vladimir Komendantsky1 and Anthony of the integration of fibring neural net- works (a generalization of conventional neural networks) into model by fibring neural networks of semantic immediate consequence operators TP and TP , where TP denotes
RADIO PROCEDURES DURING NORMAL OPERATING CONDITIONS CALLING AND COMMUNICATING TECHNIQUES
Brody, James P.
RADIO PROCEDURES DURING NORMAL OPERATING CONDITIONS CALLING AND COMMUNICATING TECHNIQUES The secret are going to say. Many people with radios have a tendency to talk and/or repeat too much. Say what you need until it is second nature. Practicing proper day-to-day radio procedures will make emergency radio
PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance
Rutter, Jared
PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance Huai-Xiang Hao*, Caleb M. Cardon*, Wojtek in a cell-autonomous manner to maintain cellular energy homeostasis and is a potential therapeutic target). The World Health Organization estimates that the current decade will witness a 46% increase in diabetes
Coarser connected topologies and non-normality points
Yengulalp, Lynne Christine
2009-01-01
point of the Stone-Cech remainder of a space a non-normality point of the remainder? We will discuss the question in the case that X is a discrete space and then when X is a metric space without isolated points. We show that under certain set...
Extremal unital completely positive normal maps and its symmetries
Anilesh Mohari
2015-07-30
We consider the convex set of ( unital ) positive ( completely ) maps from a $C^*$ algebra $\\cla$ to a von-Neumann sub-algebra $\\clm$ of $\\clb(\\clh)$, the algebra of bounded linear operators on a Hilbert space $\\clh$ and study its extreme points via its canonical lifting to the convex set of ( unital ) positive ( complete ) normal maps from $\\hat{\\cla}$ to $\\clm$, where $\\hat{\\cla}$ is the universal enveloping von-Neumann algebra over $\\cla$. If $\\cla=\\clm$ and a ( complete ) positive operator $\\tau$ is a unique sum of a normal and a singular ( complete ) positive maps. Furthermore, a unital complete positive map is a unique convex combination of unital normal and singular complete positive maps. We used a duality argument to find a criteria for extremal elements in the convex set of unital completely positive maps having a given faithful normal invariant state. In our investigation, gauge symmetry in Stinespring representation and Kadison theorem on order isomorphism played an important role.
Mixed Inductive/Coinductive Types and Strong Normalization
Abel, Andreas
and coinductive types. Most research on inductive types has focused on the iso-style, i. e., there are explicit programming language. Research partially supported by the EU coordination action TYPES (510996). #12;InMixed Inductive/Coinductive Types and Strong Normalization Andreas Abel Department of Computer
Some Properties of Realcompact Subspaces and Coarser Normal Spaces
Niknejad, Jila
2009-04-23
William Fleissner. In 1997 Buzjakova proved that for a pseudocompact space X, there exists an ordinal such that the product of X and that ordinal condenses onto a normal space if and only if X condenses onto a compact space. In the third chapter, we extend...
LARGE-SCALE NORMAL COORDINATE ANALYSIS ON DISTRIBUTED
Raghavan, Padma
is presented in this paper. This method combines the implicitly restarted Lanczos algorithm with a state) plays an important role in the study of vibrational and thermal properties of various molecular by a collection of fundamental (normal) vibrational modes. These modes correspond to eigenvectors of a matrix
Electromechanical imaging of the myocardium at normal and pathological states
Konofagou, Elisa E.
Electromechanical imaging of the myocardium at normal and pathological states Mathieu Pernot here a method for measuring the electromechanical coupling properties in the myocardium. Our method of the electromechanical wave is found to decrease to approximately 0.66 m/s in the ischemic region. I. INTRODUCTION
Computational Model for Forced Expiration from Asymmetric Normal Lungs
Lutchen, Kenneth
Computational Model for Forced Expiration from Asymmetric Normal Lungs ADAM G. POLAK 1 losses along the airway branches. Calculations done for succeeding lung volumes result in the semidynamic to the choke points, characteristic differences of lung regional pressures and volumes, and a shape
Jacobi's bound and normal forms computations. A historical survey
Ollivier, FranÃ§ois
Jacobi's bound and normal forms computations. A historical survey F. Ollivier, LIX UMRS CNRS'evich Pankratiev. Abstract Jacobi is one of the most famous mathematicians of his century. His name is attached of Jacobi's results on ordinary differential equations and the available, published or unpublished material
TESTS FOR NORMALITY BASED ON DENSITY ESTIMATORS OF CONVOLUTIONS
Wefelmeyer, Wolfgang
TESTS FOR NORMALITY BASED ON DENSITY ESTIMATORS OF CONVOLUTIONS ANTON SCHICK, YISHI WANG-type kernel density estimator, goodness-of-fit test. Anton Schick was supported by NSF Grant DMS0906551. 1 #12;2 ANTON SCHICK, YISHI WANG AND WOLFGANG WEFELMEYER Instead of comparing distribution functions, we can
Microwaving of normally opaque and semi-opaque substances
Sheinberg, H.; Meek, T.T.; Blake, R.D.
1990-07-17
Disclosed is a method of heating small particles using microwave radiation which are not normally capable of being heated by microwaves. The surfaces of the particles are coated with a material which is transparent to microwave radiation in order to cause microwave coupling to the particles and thus accomplish heating of the particles.
Deep Borehole Disposal Remediation Costs for Off-Normal Outcomes
Finger, John T.; Cochran, John R.; Hardin, Ernest
2015-08-17
This memo describes rough-order-of-magnitude (ROM) cost estimates for a set of off-normal (accident) scenarios, as defined for two waste package emplacement method options for deep borehole disposal: drill-string and wireline. It summarizes the different scenarios and the assumptions made for each, with respect to fishing, decontamination, remediation, etc.
Simple filtered repetitively pulsed vacuum arc plasma source
Chekh, Yu.; Zhirkov, I. S.; Delplancke-Ogletree, M. P.
2010-02-15
A very simple design of cathodic filtered vacuum arc plasma source is proposed. The source without filter has only four components and none of them require precise machining. The source operates in a repetitively pulsed regime, and for laboratory experiments it can be used without water cooling. Despite the simple construction, the source provides high ion current at the filter outlet reaching 2.5% of 400 A arc current, revealing stable operation in a wide pressure range from high vacuum to oxygen pressure up to more than 10{sup -2} mbar. There is no need in complicated power supply system for this plasma source, only one power supply can be used to ignite the arc, to provide the current for the arc itself, to generate the magnetic field in the filter, and provide its positive electric biasing without any additional high power resistance.
Fluctuations and intermittent poloidal transport in a simple toroidal plasma
Goud, T. S.; Ganesh, R.; Saxena, Y. C.; Raju, D. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhi nagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)] [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhi nagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)
2013-07-15
In a simple magnetized toroidal plasma, fluctuation induced poloidal flux is found to be significant in magnitude. The probability distribution function of the fluctuation induced poloidal flux is observed to be strongly non-Gaussian in nature; however, in some cases, the distribution shows good agreement with the analytical form [Carreras et al., Phys. Plasmas 3, 2664 (1996)], assuming a coupling between the near Gaussian density and poloidal velocity fluctuations. The observed non-Gaussian nature of the fluctuation induced poloidal flux and other plasma parameters such as density and fluctuating poloidal velocity in this device is due to intermittent and bursty nature of poloidal transport. In the simple magnetized torus used here, such an intermittent fluctuation induced poloidal flux is found to play a crucial role in generating the poloidal flow.
Sorption heat engines: simple inanimate negative entropy generators
Anthonie W. J. Muller; Dirk Schulze-Makuch
2005-12-18
The name 'sorption heat engines' is proposed for simple negative entropy generators that are driven by thermal cycling and work on alternating adsorption and desorption. These generators are in general not explicitly recognized as heat engines. Their mechanism is applicable to the fields of engineering, physics, chemistry, geology, and biology, in particular the origin of life. Four kinds of sorption heat engines are distinguished depending on the occurrence of changes in the adsorbent or adsorbate during the thermal cycle.
Simple flash evaporator for making thin films of compounds
Hemanadhan, M.; Bapanayya, Ch.; Agarwal, S. C. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208016 (India)
2010-07-15
A simple and compact arrangement for flash evaporation is described. It uses a cell phone vibrator for powder dispensing that can be incorporated into a vacuum deposition chamber without any major alterations. The performance of the flash evaporation system is checked by making thin films of the optical memory chalcogenide glass Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} (GST). Energy dispersive x-ray analysis shows that the flash evaporation preserves the stoichiometry in thin films.
DistributedAutomata and Simple Test Tube Systems A Project Report
Harsha, Prahladh
DistributedÂAutomata and Simple Test Tube Systems A Project Report Submitted in partial fulfillment
Exact WKB analysis of a Schrodinger equation with a merging triplet of two simple poles and
RIMSÂ1735 Exact WKB analysis of a SchrË?odinger equation with a merging triplet of two simple poles #12; Exact WKB analysis of a SchrË?odinger equation with a merging triplet of two simple poles and one WKB analysis of an M2P1T (merging two simple poles and one simple turning point) SchrË?odinger equation
Exact WKB analysis of a Schrodinger equation with a merging triplet of two simple poles and
RIMS-1735 Exact WKB analysis of a SchrÂ¨odinger equation with a merging triplet of two simple poles #12;Exact WKB analysis of a SchrÂ¨odinger equation with a merging triplet of two simple poles and one WKB analysis of an M2P1T (merging two simple poles and one simple turning point) SchrÂ¨odinger equation
A comparison of normal and worst case cement plant emissions
Woodford, J.; Gossman, D.; Johnson, N.
1996-12-31
Lone Star Industries, Inc. in Cape Girardeau, Missouri conducted a trial burn in October, 1995. Two metals emissions test days were conducted. One of the test days was a worst case metals spiking day and one of the test days was a normal emissions day. This paper examines and compares the emissions from these two test days. Much has been made of metals emissions from hazardous waste burning cement kilns, but for the most part, this has been due to the worst case metals emissions data that became available from the 1992 BIF compliance testing performed and reported by 24 cement plants. By comparison, very little data exists on normal cement kiln emissions. This paper provides one comparison.
High Power Tests of Normal Conducting Single-Cell Structures
Dolgashev, V.A.; Tantawi, S.G.; Nantista, C.D.; /SLAC; Higashi, Y.; Higo, T.; /KEK, Tsukuba
2007-11-07
We report the results of the first high power tests of single-cell traveling-wave and standing-wave structures. These tests are part of an experimental and theoretical study of rf breakdown in normal conducting structures at 11.4 GHz. The goal of this study is to determine the gradient potential of normal-conducting rf-powered particle beam accelerators. The test setup consists of reusable mode converters and short test structures and is powered by SLAC's XL-4 klystron. This setup was created for economical testing of different cell geometries, cell materials and preparation techniques with short turn-around time. The mode launchers and structures were manufactured at SLAC and KEK and tested in the SLAC Klystron Test Lab.
Procedure for normalization of cDNA libraries
Bonaldo, Maria DeFatima (New York, NY); Soares, Marcelo Bento (New York, NY)
1997-01-01
This invention provides a method to normalize a cDNA library constructed in a vector capable of being converted to single-stranded circles and capable of producing complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles comprising: (a) converting the cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles; (c) hybridizing the single-stranded circles converted in step (a) with complementary nucleic acid molecules of step (b) to produce partial duplexes to an appropriate Cot; (e) separating the unhybridized single-stranded circles from the hybridized single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.
Procedure for normalization of cDNA libraries
Bonaldo, M.D.; Soares, M.B.
1997-12-30
This invention provides a method to normalize a cDNA library constructed in a vector capable of being converted to single-stranded circles and capable of producing complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles comprising: (a) converting the cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles; (c) hybridizing the single-stranded circles converted in step (a) with complementary nucleic acid molecules of step (b) to produce partial duplexes to an appropriate Cot; (e) separating the unhybridized single-stranded circles from the hybridized single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. 1 fig.
Surface Tension between Kaon Condensate and Normal Nuclear Matter Phase
Michael B. Christiansen; Norman K. Glendenning; Jurgen Schaffner-Bielich
2000-03-20
We calculate for the first time the surface tension and curvature coefficient of a first order phase transition between two possible phases of cold nuclear matter, a normal nuclear matter phase in equilibrium with a kaon condensed phase, at densities a few times the saturation density. We find the surface tension is proportional to the difference in energy density between the two phases squared. Furthermore, we show the consequences for the geometrical structures of the mixed phase region in a neutron star.
Qualitative properties of optimal portfolios in log-normal markets
Zariphopoulou, Thaleia
), t (stock allocation) · Value of allocation Xt = 0 t + t dXt = t( dt + dWt) ; = 4 #12;Value function-normal markets (with S. Kallblad) · Completely monotone functions and marginal utilities (with S. Kallblad securities dSt = St dt + St dWt , S0 > 0 dBt = 0 , B0 = 1 · Self-financing strategies 0 t (bond allocation
Universal spectral correlations in ensembles of random normal matrices
Ravi Prakash; Akhilesh Pandey
2014-12-20
We consider non-gaussian ensembles of random normal matrices with the constraint that the ensembles are invariant under unitary transformations. We show that the level density of eigenvalues exhibits disk to ring transition in the complex plane. We also show that the n-eigenvalue correlation and the spacing distribution are universal and identical to that of complex (Gaussian) Ginibre ensemble. Our results are confirmed by Monte Carlo calculations. We verify the universality for dissipative quantum kicked rotor system.
A simple cohesive zone model that generates a mode-mixity dependent toughness
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Reedy, Jr., E. D.; Emery, J. M.
2014-07-24
A simple, mode-mixity dependent toughness cohesive zone model (MDGc CZM) is described. This phenomenological cohesive zone model has two elements. Mode I energy dissipation is defined by a traction–separation relationship that depends only on normal separation. Mode II (III) dissipation is generated by shear yielding and slip in the cohesive surface elements that lie in front of the region where mode I separation (softening) occurs. The nature of predictions made by analyses that use the MDGc CZM is illustrated by considering the classic problem of an elastic layer loaded by rigid grips. This geometry, which models a thin adhesive bondmore »with a long interfacial edge crack, is similar to that which has been used to measure the dependence of interfacial toughness on crack-tip mode-mixity. The calculated effective toughness vs. applied mode-mixity relationships all display a strong dependence on applied mode-mixity with the effective toughness increasing rapidly with the magnitude of the mode-mixity. The calculated relationships also show a pronounced asymmetry with respect to the applied mode-mixity. As a result, this dependence is similar to that observed experimentally, and calculated results for a glass/epoxy interface are in good agreement with published data that was generated using a test specimen of the same type as analyzed here.« less
Interpretation of simulated global warming using a simple model
Watterson, I.G.
2000-01-01
A simple energy balance model with two parameters, an effective heat capacity and an effective climate sensitivity, is used to interpret six GCM simulations of greenhouse gas-induced global warming. By allowing the parameters to vary in time, the model can be accurately calibrated for each run. It is found that the sensitivity can be approximated as a constant in each case. However, the effective heat capacity clearly varies, and it is important that the energy equation is formulated appropriately, and thus unlike many such models. For simulations with linear forcing and from a cold start, the capacity is in each case close to that of a homogeneous ocean with depth initially 200 m, but increasing some 4.3 m each year, irrespective of the sensitivity and forcing growth rate. Analytic solutions for t his linear capacity function are derived, and these reproduce the GCM runs well, even for cases where the forcing is stabilized after a century or so. The formation of a subsurface maximum in the mean ocean temperature anomaly is a significant feature of such cases. A simple model for a GCM run with a realistic forcing scenario starting from 1,880 is constructed using component results for forcing segments. Given this, an estimate of the cold start error of a simulation of the warming due to forcing after the present would be given by the negative of the temperature drift of the anomaly due to the past forcing. The simple model can evidently be used to give an indication of likely warming curves, at lest for this range of scenarios and GCM sensitivities.
A simple line wave generator using commercial explosives
Morris, John S; Jackson, Scott I; Hill, Larry G
2009-01-01
We present a simple and inexpensive explosive line wave generator has been designed using commercial sheet explosive and plane wave lens concepts. The line wave generator is constructed using PETN and RDX based sheet explosive for the slow and fast components respectively. The design permits the creation of any desired line width. A series of experiments were performed on a 100 mm design, measuring the detonation arrival time at the output of the generator using a streak camera. An iterative technique was used to adjust the line wave generator's slow and fast components, so as to minimize the arrival time deviation. Designs, test results, and concepts for improvements will be discussed.
A novel simple and accurate flatness measurement method
H. L. Thang
2011-11-30
Flatness measurement of a surface plate is an intensive and old research topic. However ISO definition related and other measurement methods seem uneasy in measuring and/ or complicated in data analysis. Especially in reality, the mentioned methods don't take a clear and straightforward care on the inclining angle which is always included in any given flatness measurement. In this report a novel simple and accurate flatness measurement method was introduced to overcome this prevailing feature in the available methods. The mathematical modeling for this method was also presented making the underlying nature of the method transparent. The applying examples show consistent results.
Thermally activated breakdown in a simple polymer model
S. Fugmann; I. M. Sokolov
2009-10-28
We consider the thermally activated fragmentation of a homopolymer chain. In our simple model the dynamics of the intact chain is a Rouse one until a bond breaks and bond breakdown is considered as a first passage problem over a barrier to an absorbing boundary. Using the framework of the Wilemski-Fixman approximation we calculate activation times of individual bonds for free and grafted chains. We show that these times crucially depend on the length of the chain and the location of the bond yielding a minimum at the free chain ends. Theoretical findings are qualitatively confirmed by Brownian dynamics simulations.
Nuclear interaction modeled with a simple piston-gas model
Mario J. Pinheiro
2015-06-15
A simple one-dimensional gas-piston kinetic model gives the interaction potential between two colliding heavy ions. In the frame of the classical, thermodynamical approach, the colliding heavy ions are not submitted to friction, but produces an irreversible phenomena with cause at the difference of pressure $p$ "felt" by the nucleon gas when ions collide with the target when compared with the pressure that nuclear matter exert on their boundaries when in thermodynamical equilibrium, and offers a straightforward way to calculate interacting potentials.
A new simple form of quark mixing matrix
Nan Qin; Bo-Qiang Ma
2010-11-29
Although different parametrizations of quark mixing matrix are mathematically equivalent, the consequences of experimental analysis may be distinct. Based on the triminimal expansion of Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix around the unit matrix, we propose a new simple parametrization. Compared with the Wolfenstein parametrization, we find that the new form is not only consistent with the original one in the hierarchical structure, but also more convenient for numerical analysis and measurement of the CP-violating phase. By discussing the relation between our new form and the unitarity boomerang, we point out that along with the unitarity boomerang, this new parametrization is useful in hunting for new physics.
Simple reactor model simulation of a LOFT ATWS event
Tylee, J.L.
1983-04-01
A simple real-time model of the loss-of-fluid test (LOFT) reactor is derived and used to predict reactor performance during an anticipated transient without scram (ATWS). The developed model consists of only six nonlinear differential equations. Model states are precursor concentrations of two delayed neutron groups, average fuel and cladding temperatures, average core coolant temperature, and measured reactor outlet temperature. Ancillary dynamic descriptions of a hot fuel rod allow computation of peak rod temperatures. Comparing model calculations to actual LOFT ATWS measurements demonstrates the model's phenomenological accuracy.
CONVOLUTION PRODUCTS OF PROBABILITY MEASURES ON FINITE COMPLETELY SIMPLE SEMIGROUPS
Budzban, Gregory
. Then there does not exist a normal subgroup G of G such that Y X G with Sµi X × giG × Y where gi G - G. Then supp(µi µi+1) = supp(µi) supp(µi+1) (X × giG × Y )(X × gi+1G × Y ) = X × gigi+1G × Y and in general-(X×G ×Y ) for all i. Thus for each i, xi(w) X×giG ×Y for some gi in S - G . Now i=1 Xi(w) X × i=1 giG
Overview Normal Observations Two-Sample Proportions Extensions on the Likelihood Ratio
Watkins, Joseph C.
Overview Normal Observations Two-Sample Proportions Topic 19 Extensions on the Likelihood Ratio Two-Sided Tests 1 / 12 #12;Overview Normal Observations Two-Sample Proportions Outline Overview Normal Observations Two-Sample Proportions Power Analysis 2 / 12 #12;Overview Normal Observations Two
Energy Spectrum of Superfluid Turbulence without Normal Fluid
Tsunehiko Araki; Makoto Tsubota; Sergey K. Nemirovskii
2002-09-03
The energy spectrum of the superfluid turbulence without the normal fluid is studied numerically under the vortex filament model. Time evolution of the Taylor-Green vortex is calculated under the full nonlocal Biot-Savart law. It is shown that for kenergy spectrum is very similar to the Kolmogorov's -5/3 law which is the most important statistical property of the conventional turbulence, where k is the wave number of the Fourier component of the velocity field and 1 the average intervortex spacing. The vortex length distribution becomes to obey a scaling property reflecting the self-similarity of the tangle.
A simple radionuclide-driven single-ion source
Montero Diez, M.; Twelker, K.; Gratta, G.; Barbeau, P. S.; Barry, K.; DeVoe, R.; Dolinski, M. J.; Green, M.; LePort, F.; Mueller, A. R.; Neilson, R.; O'Sullivan, K. [Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Fairbank, W. Jr.; Benitez-Medina, C.; Cook, S.; Hall, K.; Mong, B. [Department of Physics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States); Ackerman, N.; Breidenbach, M.; Herrin, S. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); and others
2010-11-15
We describe a source capable of producing single barium ions through nuclear recoils in radioactive decay. The source is fabricated by electroplating {sup 148}Gd onto a silicon {alpha}-particle detector and vapor depositing a layer of BaF{sub 2} over it. {sup 144}Sm recoils from the alpha decay of {sup 148}Gd are used to dislodge Ba{sup +} ions from the BaF{sub 2} layer and emit them in the surrounding environment. The simultaneous detection of an {alpha} particle in the substrate detector allows for tagging of the nuclear decay and of the Ba{sup +} emission. The source is simple, durable, and can be manipulated and used in different environments. We discuss the fabrication process, which can be easily adapted to emit most other chemical species, and the performance of the source.
Simple pulses for elimination of leakage in weakly nonlinear qubits
F. Motzoi; J. M. Gambetta; P. Rebentrost; F. K. Wilhelm
2009-10-22
In realizations of quantum computing, a two-level system (qubit) is often singled out of the many levels of an anharmonic oscillator. In these cases, simple qubit control fails on short time scales because of coupling to leakage levels. We provide an easy to implement analytic formula that inhibits this leakage from any single-control analog or pixelated pulse. It is based on adding a second control that is proportional to the time-derivative of the first. For realistic parameters of superconducting qubits, this strategy reduces the error by an order of magnitude relative to the state of the art, all based on smooth and feasible pulse shapes. These results show that even weak anharmonicity is sufficient and in general not a limiting factor for implementing quantum gates.
The Langevin Approach: a simple stochastic method for complex phenomena
Reinke, Nico; Medjroubi, Wided; Lind, Pedro G; Wächter, Matthias; Peinke, Joachim
2015-01-01
We describe a simple stochastic method, so-called Langevin approach, which enables one to extract evolution equations of stochastic variables from a set of measurements. Our method is parameter-free and it is based on the nonlinear Langevin equation. Moreover, it can be applied not only to processes in time, but also to processes in scale, given that the data available shows ergodicity. This chapter introduces the mathematical foundations of the Langevin approach and describes how to implement it numerically. A specific application of the method is presented, namely to a turbulent velocity field measured in the laboratory, retrieving the corresponding energy cascade and comparing with the results from a computational simulation of that experiment. In addition, we describe a physical interpretation bridging between processes in time and in scale. Finally, we describe extensions of the method for time series reconstruction and applications to other fields such as finance, medicine, geophysics and renewable ener...
From innovation to diversification: a simple competitive model
Saracco, Fabio; Gabrielli, Andrea; Pietronero, Luciano
2015-01-01
Few attempts have been proposed in order to describe the statistical features and historical evolution of the export bipartite matrix countries/products. An important standpoint is the introduction of a products network, namely a hierarchical forest of products that models the formation and the evolution of commodities. In the present article, we propose a simple dynamical model where countries compete with each other to acquire the ability to produce and export new products. Countries will have two possibilities to expand their export: innovating, i.e. introducing new goods, namely new nodes in the product networks, or copying the productive process of others, i.e. occupying a node already present in the same network. In this way, the topology of the products network and the country-product matrix evolve simultaneously, driven by the countries push toward innovation.
Simple, rapid method for the preparation of isotopically labeled formaldehyde
Hooker, Jacob Matthew (Port Jefferson, NY); Schonberger, Matthias (Mains, DE); Schieferstein, Hanno (Aabergen, DE); Fowler, Joanna S. (Bellport, NY)
2011-10-04
Isotopically labeled formaldehyde (*C.sup..sctn.H.sub.2O) is prepared from labeled methyl iodide (*C.sup..sctn.H.sub.3I) by reaction with an oxygen nucleophile having a pendant leaving group. The mild and efficient reaction conditions result in good yields of *C.sup..sctn.H.sub.2O with little or no *C isotopic dilution. The simple, efficient production of .sup.11CH.sub.2O is described. The use of the .sup.11CH.sub.2O for the formation of positron emission tomography tracer compounds is described. The reaction can be incorporated into automated equipment available to radiochemistry laboratories. The isotopically labeled formaldehyde can be used in a variety of reactions to provide radiotracer compounds for imaging studies as well as for scintillation counting and autoradiography.
POVM construction: a simple recipe with applications to symmetric states
Swarnamala Sirsi; Karthik Bharath; S. P. Shilpashree
2015-05-01
We propose a simple method for constructing POVMs using any set of matrices which form an orthonormal basis for the space of complex matrices. Considering the orthonormal set of irreducible spherical tensors, we examine the properties of the construction on the $N+1$-dimensional subspace of the $2^N$-dimensional Hilbert space of $N$ qubits comprising the permutationally symmetric states. Similar in spirit to Neumark's result on realization of a POVM as a projective measurement, we present a method to physically realize the constructed POVMs for symmetric states using the Clebsch--Gordan decomposition of the tensor product of irreducible representations of the rotation group. We illustrate the proposed construction on a spin-1 system, and show that it is possible to generate entangled states from separable ones.
Simple stressed-skin composites using paper reinforcement
Bunnell, L.R.
1990-11-01
The objective of this study was to demonstrate the composite reinforcement concept in a hands-on manner, using readily available materials; to demonstrate the consequences of certain defects in these structures; and to quantify the gains made by engineering composite construction, using a simple measurement of Young's modulus of electricity. The materials used were foam rubber beams, beams reinforced on one side by bonding with heavy paper, a beam reinforced on both sides by bonding with heavy paper, and a beam with a defect caused by using a piece of waxed paper midway to prevent bonding of the paper. The experiment is designed to teach students at the high school level or above the concept of Young's modulus, a measure of a material's stiffness. 2 figs. (BM)
Hamilton-Jacobi method for a simple resonance
Mischa Rudnev
2003-05-09
It is well known that a generic small perturbation of a Liouville-integrable Hamiltonian system causes breakup of resonant and near-resonant invariant tori. A general approach to the simple resonance case in the convex real-analytic setting is developed, based on a new technique for solving the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. It is shown that a generic perturbation creates in the core of a resonance a partially hyperbolic lower-dimensional invariant torus, whose Lagrangian stable and unstable manifolds, described as global solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, split away from this torus at exponentially small angles. Optimal upper bounds with best constants are obtained for exponentially small splitting in the general case.
Mass as a form of Energy in a simple example
Dib, Claudio O
2015-01-01
A major consequence of special relativity, expressed in the relation $E_0 = m c^2$, is that the total energy content of an object at rest, including its thermal motion and binding energy among its constituents, is a measure of its inertia, i.e. its mass. This relation was first stated by Einstein. He showed that, in order to be consistent with the principles of special relativity, there must be a loss of inertia in a block that emits two pulses of electromagnetic radiation. A pedagogical difficulty with this example is that radiation is a purely relativistic phenomenon, and so the connection with the examples one learns in introductory Mechanics courses is not simple. Here we use a more familiar example of masses and springs, where the non-relativistic limit can be easily found and where the potential energy is clearly shown to be part of the mass of the bound system.
A simple method for rapidly processing HEU from weapons returns
McLean, W. II; Miller, P.E.
1994-01-01
A method based on the use of a high temperature fluidized bed for rapidly oxidizing, homogenizing and down-blending Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) from dismantled nuclear weapons is presented. This technology directly addresses many of the most important issues that inhibit progress in international commerce in HEU; viz., transaction verification, materials accountability, transportation and environmental safety. The equipment used to carry out the oxidation and blending is simple, inexpensive and highly portable. Mobile facilities to be used for point-of-sale blending and analysis of the product material are presented along with a phased implementation plan that addresses the conversion of HEU derived from domestic weapons and related waste streams as well as material from possible foreign sources such as South Africa or the former Soviet Union.
Quasi-normal acoustic oscillations in the transonic Bondi flow
Eliana Chaverra; Olivier Sarbach
2015-09-17
In recent work, we analyzed the dynamics of spherical and nonspherical acoustic perturbations of the Michel flow, describing the steady radial accretion of a relativistic perfect fluid into a nonrotating black hole. We showed that such perturbations undergo quasi-normal oscillations and computed the corresponding complex frequencies as a function of the black hole mass M and the radius r_c of the sonic horizon. It was found that when r_c is much larger than the Schwarzschild radius r_H = 2GM/c^2 of the black hole, these frequencies scale like the surface gravity of the analogue black hole associated with the acoustic metric. In this work, we analyze the Newtonian limit of the Michel solution and its acoustic perturbations. In this limit, the flow outside the sonic horizon reduces to the transonic Bondi flow, and the acoustic metric reduces to the one introduced by Unruh in the context of experimental black hole evaporation. We show that for the transonic Bondi flow, Unruh's acoustic metric describes an analogue black hole and compute the associated quasi-normal frequencies. We prove that they do indeed scale like the surface gravity of the acoustic black hole, thus providing an explanation for our previous results in the relativistic setting.
Quasi-normal acoustic oscillations in the Michel flow
Eliana Chaverra; Manuel D. Morales; Olivier Sarbach
2015-06-09
We study spherical and nonspherical linear acoustic perturbations of the Michel flow, which describes the steady radial accretion of a perfect fluid into a nonrotating black hole. The dynamics of such perturbations are governed by a scalar wave equation on an effective curved background geometry determined by the acoustic metric, which is constructed from the spacetime metric and the particle density and four-velocity of the fluid. For the problem under consideration in this article the acoustic metric has the same qualitative features as an asymptotically flat, static and spherically symmetric black hole, and thus it represents a natural astrophysical analogue black hole. As for the case of a scalar field propagating on a Schwarzschild background, we show that acoustic perturbations of the Michel flow exhibit quasi-normal oscillations. Based on a new numerical method for determining the solutions of the radial mode equation, we compute the associated frequencies and analyze their dependency on the radii of the event and sonic horizons and the angular momentum number. Our results for the fundamental frequencies are compared to those obtained from an independent numerical Cauchy evolution, finding good agreement between the two approaches. When the radius of the sonic horizon is large compared to the event horizon radius, we find that the quasi-normal frequencies scale approximately like the surface gravity associated with the sonic horizon.
A simple transformer-based resonator architecture for low phase noise LC oscillators
Ogunnika, Olumuyiwa Temitope, 1978-
2004-01-01
This thesis investigates the use of a simple transformer-coupled resonator to increase the loaded Q of a LC resonant tank. The windings of the integrated transformer replace the simple inductors as the inductive elements ...
Solar So Simple It Is Just a Click Away | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Solar So Simple It Is Just a Click Away Solar So Simple It Is Just a Click Away May 6, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incubator 6 awardee Sun Number converts complex aerial data into an...
THE USE OF A FORMAL SIMULATOR TO VERIFY A SIMPLE REAL TIME CONTROL PROGRAM
Boyer, Robert Stephen
that a simple, real time control program keeps a vehicle on a straightline course in a variable crosswind
Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management
Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management and operational Energiforskningsprogrammet EFP ENS J.nr. 1373/01-0041 December 2004 #12;Simple models of district heating systems for load 87-7475-323-1 #12;Preface The research project "Simple models of district heating systems for load
Hybrid Cotangent Bundle Reduction of Simple Hybrid Mechanical Systems with Symmetry
Ames, Aaron
Hybrid Cotangent Bundle Reduction of Simple Hybrid Mechanical Systems with Symmetry Aaron D. Ames the notion of a simple hybrid mechanical system, which generalizes mechanical systems to include unilateral constraints on the configuration space. From such a system we obtain, explicitly, a simple hybrid system
Simple Physical Models Connect Theory and Experiment in Protein Folding Kinetics
Morozov, Alexandre V.
Simple Physical Models Connect Theory and Experiment in Protein Folding Kinetics Eric Alm1 underlying the protein-folding problem can be tested by developing and characterizing simple models that make prefactor for protein folding. Finally, we discuss the limitations of simple native-state-based models
SIMPLE COMPLETE BOOLEAN ALGEBRAS Thomas Jech 1 and Saharon Shelah 2,3
Jech, Thomas
SIMPLE COMPLETE BOOLEAN ALGEBRAS Thomas Jech 1 and Saharon Shelah 2,3 The Pennsylvania State # there exists a simple complete Boolean algebra with # generators. 1. Introduction. A complete Boolean algebra is simple if it is atomless and has no non trivial proper atomless complete subalgebra. The problem
On the efficiency of the simple groups with order less than a million and their covers
St Andrews, University of
On the efficiency of the simple groups with order less than a million and their covers Colin M Subject Classification: Primary 20-04, 20F05; Secondary 20D05, 20D06, 20D08. Keywords: Efficient for the finite simple groups. In a previous paper we produced nice efficient presentations for all small simple
A normal metal tunnel-junction heat diode
Fornieri, Antonio, E-mail: antonio.fornieri@sns.it; Martínez-Pérez, María José; Giazotto, Francesco, E-mail: giazotto@sns.it [NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore, I-56127 Pisa (Italy)
2014-05-05
We propose a low-temperature thermal rectifier consisting of a chain of three tunnel-coupled normal metal electrodes. We show that a large heat rectification is achievable if the thermal symmetry of the structure is broken and the central island can release energy to the phonon bath. The performance of the device is theoretically analyzed and, under the appropriate conditions, temperature differences up to ?200 mK between the forward and reverse thermal bias configurations are obtained below 1?K, corresponding to a rectification ratio R?2000. The simplicity intrinsic to its design joined with the insensitivity to magnetic fields make our device potentially attractive as a fundamental building block in solid-state thermal nanocircuits and in general-purpose cryogenic electronic applications requiring energy management.
Quasi-normal acoustic oscillations in the Michel flow
Chaverra, Eliana; Sarbach, Olivier
2015-01-01
We study spherical and nonspherical linear acoustic perturbations of the Michel flow, which describes the steady radial accretion of a perfect fluid into a nonrotating black hole. The dynamics of such perturbations are governed by a scalar wave equation on an effective curved background geometry determined by the acoustic metric, which is constructed from the spacetime metric and the particle density and four-velocity of the fluid. For the problem under consideration in this article the acoustic metric has the same qualitative features as an asymptotically flat, static and spherically symmetric black hole, and thus it represents a natural astrophysical analogue black hole. As for the case of a scalar field propagating on a Schwarzschild background, we show that acoustic perturbations of the Michel flow exhibit quasi-normal oscillations. Based on a new numerical method for determining the solutions of the radial mode equation, we compute the associated frequencies and analyze their dependency on the radii of t...
Normal Conducting Deflecting Cavity Development at the Cockcroft Institute
Burt, G; Dexter, A C; Woolley, B; Jones, R M; Grudiev, A; Dolgashev, V; Wheelhouse, A; Mackenzie, J; McIntosh, P A; Hill, C; Goudket, P; Buckley, S; Lingwood, C
2013-01-01
Two normal conducting deflecting structures are currently being developed at the Cockcroft Institute, one as a crab cavity for CERN linear collider CLIC and one for bunch slice diagnostics on low energy electron beams for Electron Beam Test Facility EBTF at Daresbury. Each has its own challenges that need overcome. For CLIC the phase and amplitude tolerances are very stringent and hence beamloading effects and wakefields must be minimised. Significant work has been undertook to understand the effect of the couplers on beamloading and the effect of the couplers on the wakefields. For EBTF the difficulty is avoiding the large beam offset caused by the cavities internal deflecting voltage at the low beam energy. Prototypes for both cavities have been manufactured and results will be presented.
Galaxy rotation curves with log-normal density distribution
Marr, John H
2015-01-01
The log-normal distribution represents the probability of finding randomly distributed particles in a micro canonical ensemble with high entropy. To a first approximation, a modified form of this distribution with a truncated termination may represent an isolated galactic disk, and this disk density distribution model was therefore run to give the best fit to the observational rotation curves for 37 representative galaxies. The resultant curves closely matched the observational data for a wide range of velocity profiles and galaxy types with rising, flat or descending curves in agreement with Verheijen's classification of 'R', 'F' and 'D' type curves, and the corresponding theoretical total disk masses could be fitted to a baryonic Tully Fisher relation (bTFR). Nine of the galaxies were matched to galaxies with previously published masses, suggesting a mean excess dynamic disk mass of dex0.61+/-0.26 over the baryonic masses. Although questionable with regard to other measurements of the shape of disk galaxy g...
Semi-analytic results for quasi-normal frequencies
Skakala, Jozef
2010-01-01
The last decade has seen considerable interest in the quasi-normal frequencies [QNFs] of black holes (and even wormholes), both asymptotically flat and with cosmological horizons. There is wide agreement that the QNFs are often of the form omega_n = (offset) + i n (gap), though some authors have encountered situations where this behaviour seems to fail. To get a better understanding of the general situation we consider a semi-analytic model based on a piecewise Eckart (Poeschl--Teller) potential, allowing for different heights and different rates of exponential falloff in the two asymptotic directions. This model is sufficiently general to capture and display key features of the black hole QNFs while simultaneously being analytically tractable, at least for asymptotically large imaginary parts of the QNFs. We shall derive an appropriate "quantization condition" for the asymptotic QNFs, and extract as much analytic information as possible. In particular, we shall explicitly verify that the (offset)+ i n (gap) ...
Generic master equations for quasi-normal frequencies
Skakala, Jozef
2010-01-01
Generic master equations governing the highly-damped quasi-normal frequencies [QNFs] of one-horizon, two-horizon, and even three-horizon spacetimes can be obtained through either semi-analytic or monodromy techniques. While many technical details differ, both between the semi-analytic and monodromy approaches, and quite often among various authors seeking to apply the monodromy technique, there is nevertheless widespread agreement regarding the the general form of the QNF master equations. Within this class of generic master equations we can establish some rather general results, relating the existence of "families" of QNFs of the form omega_{a,n} = (offset)_a + i n (gap) to the question of whether or not certain ratios of parameters are rational or irrational.
Mineral density volume gradients in normal and diseased human tissues
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Djomehri, Sabra I.; Candell, Susan; Case, Thomas; Browning, Alyssa; Marshall, Grayson W.; Yun, Wenbing; Lau, S. H.; Webb, Samuel; Ho, Sunita P.; Aikawa, Elena
2015-04-09
Clinical computed tomography provides a single mineral density (MD) value for heterogeneous calcified tissues containing early and late stage pathologic formations. The novel aspect of this study is that, it extends current quantitative methods of mapping mineral density gradients to three dimensions, discretizes early and late mineralized stages, identifies elemental distribution in discretized volumes, and correlates measured MD with respective calcium (Ca) to phosphorus (P) and Ca to zinc (Zn) elemental ratios. To accomplish this, MD variations identified using polychromatic radiation from a high resolution micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) benchtop unit were correlated with elemental mapping obtained from a microprobe X-raymore »fluorescence (XRF) using synchrotron monochromatic radiation. Digital segmentation of tomograms from normal and diseased tissues (N=5 per group; 40-60 year old males) contained significant mineral density variations (enamel: 2820-3095mg/cc, bone: 570-1415mg/cc, cementum: 1240-1340mg/cc, dentin: 1480-1590mg/cc, cementum affected by periodontitis: 1100-1220mg/cc, hypomineralized carious dentin: 345-1450mg/cc, hypermineralized carious dentin: 1815-2740mg/cc, and dental calculus: 1290-1770mg/cc). A plausible linear correlation between segmented MD volumes and elemental ratios within these volumes was established, and Ca/P ratios for dentin (1.49), hypomineralized dentin (0.32-0.46), cementum (1.51), and bone (1.68) were observed. Furthermore, varying Ca/Zn ratios were distinguished in adapted compared to normal tissues, such as in bone (855-2765) and in cementum (595-990), highlighting Zn as an influential element in prompting observed adaptive properties. Hence, results provide insights on mineral density gradients with elemental concentrations and elemental footprints that in turn could aid in elucidating mechanistic processes for pathologic formations.« less
Crossover from anomalous to normal diffusion in porous media
F. D. A. Aarao Reis; Dung di Caprio
2015-06-16
Random walks (RW) of particles adsorbed in the internal walls of porous deposits produced by ballistic-type growth models are studied. The particles start at the external surface of the deposits and enter their pores, in order to simulate an external flux of a species towards a porous solid. For short times, the walker concentration decays as a stretched exponential of the depth z, but a crossover to long time normal diffusion is observed in most samples. The anomalous concentration profile remains at long times in very porous solids if the walker steps are restricted to nearest neighbors and is accompanied with subdiffusion features. These findings are correlated with a decay of the explored area with z. The study of RW of tracer particles left at the internal part of the solid rules out an interpretation by diffusion equations with position-dependent coefficients. A model of RW in a tube of decreasing cross section explains those results by showing long crossovers from an effective subdiffusion regime to an asymptotic normal diffusion. The crossover position and density are analytically calculated for a tube with area decreasing exponentially with z and show good agreement with numerical data. The anomalous decay of the concentration profile is interpreted as a templating effect of the tube shape on the total number of diffusing particles at each depth, while the volumetric concentration in the actually explored porous region may not have significant decay. These results may explain the anomalous diffusion of metal atoms in porous deposits observed in recent works. They also confirm the difficulty in interpreting experimental or computational data on anomalous transport reported in recent works, particularly if only the concentration profiles are measured.
Insolation data manual and direct normal solar radiation data manual
none,
1990-07-01
The Insolation Data Manual presents monthly averaged data which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service (NWS) stations, principally in the United States. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24--25 years of data, generally from 1952--1975, and listed for each location. Insolation values represent monthly average daily totals of global radiation on a horizontal surface and are depicted using the three units of measurement: kJ/m{sup 2} per day, Btu/ft{sup 2} per day and langleys per day. Average daily maximum, minimum and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3 C (65 F). For each station, global {bar K}{sub T} (cloudiness index) values were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. Global {bar K}{sub T} is an index of cloudiness and indicates fractional transmittance of horizontal radiation, from the top of the atmosphere to the earth's surface. The second section of this volume presents long-term monthly and annual averages of direct normal solar radiation for 235 NWS stations, including a discussion of the basic derivation process. This effort is in response to a generally recognized need for reliable direct normal data and the recent availability of 23 years of hourly averages for 235 stations. The relative inaccessibility of these data on microfiche further justifies reproducing at least the long-term averages in a useful format. In addition to a definition of terms and an overview of the ADIPA model, a discussion of model validation results is presented.
Miguel A. Ramos; Cesar Talon; Sebastian Vieira
2002-01-30
We review in this work specific-heat experiments, that we have conducted on different hydrogen-bonded glasses during last years. Specifically, we have measured the low-temperature specific heat Cp for a set of glassy alcohols: normal and fully-deuterated ethanol, 1- and 2- propanol, and glycerol. Ethanol exhibits a very interesting polymorphism presenting three different solid phases at low temperature: a fully-ordered (monoclinic) crystal, an orientationally-disordered (cubic) crystal or 'orientational glass', and the ordinary structural glass. By measuring and comparing the low-temperature specific heat of the three phases, in the 'boson peak' range 2-10 K as well as in the tunneling-states range below 1K, we are able to provide a quantitative confirmation that ''glassy behavior'' is not an exclusive property of amorphous solids. On the other hand, propanol is the simplest monoalcohol with two different stereoisomers (1- and 2-propanol), what allows us to study directly the influence of the spatial rearrangement of atoms on the universal properties of glasses. We have measured the specific heat of both isomers, finding a noteworthy quantitative difference between them. Finally, low-temperature specific-heat data of glassy glycerol have also been obtained. Here we propose a simple method based upon the soft-potential model to analyze low-temperature specific-heat measurements, and we use this method for a quantitative comparison of all these data of glassy alcohols and as a stringent test of several universal correlations and scaling laws suggested in the literature. In particular, we find that the interstitialcy model for the boson peak [A. V. Granato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68 (1992) 974] gives a very good account of the temperature at which the maximum in Cp/T^3 occurs.
Simple rules help select best hydrocarbon distillation scheme
Sanchezllanes, M.T.; Perez, A.L.; Martinez, M.P.; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Rosal, R. del )
1993-12-06
Separation economics depend mainly on investment for major equipment and energy consumption. This relationship, together with the fact that, in most cases, many alternative schemes will be proposed, make it essential to find an optimum scheme that minimizes overall costs. Practical solutions are found by applying heuristics -- exploratory problem-solving techniques that eliminate alternatives without applying rigorous mathematical procedures. These techniques have been applied to a case study. In the case study, a hydrocarbon mixture will be transported through a pipeline to a fractionation plant, where it will be separated into commercial products for distribution. The fractionation will consist of a simple train of distillation columns, the sequence of which will be defined by applying heuristic rules and determining the required thermal duties for each column. The facility must separate ethane, propane and mixed butanes, natural gasoline (light straight-run, or LSR, gasoline), and condensate (heavy naphtha). The ethane will be delivered to an ethylene plant as a gaseous stream, the propane and butanes will be stored in cryogenic tanks, and the gasoline and heavy naphtha also will be stored.
A simple method for the measurement of reflective foil emissivity
Ballico, M. J.; Ham, E. W. M. van der [National Measurement Institute, Lindfield, NSW 2070 (Australia)
2013-09-11
Reflective metal foil is widely used to reduce radiative heat transfer within the roof space of buildings. Such foils are typically mass-produced by vapor-deposition of a thin metallic coating onto a variety of substrates, ranging from plastic-coated reinforced paper to 'bubble-wrap'. Although the emissivity of such surfaces is almost negligible in the thermal infrared, typically less than 0.03, an insufficiently thick metal coating, or organic contamination of the surface, can significantly increase this value. To ensure that the quality of the installed insulation is satisfactory, Australian building code AS/NZS 4201.5:1994 requires a practical agreed method for measurement of the emissivity, and the standard ASTM-E408 is implied. Unfortunately this standard is not a 'primary method' and requires the use of specified expensive apparatus and calibrated reference materials. At NMIA we have developed a simple primary technique, based on an apparatus to thermally modulate the sample and record the apparent modulation in infra-red radiance with commercially available radiation thermometers. The method achieves an absolute accuracy in the emissivity of approximately 0.004 (k=2). This paper theoretically analyses the equivalence between the thermal emissivity measured in this manner, the effective thermal emissivity in application, and the apparent emissivity measured in accordance with ASTM-E408.
SIMPLE TRANSIENT CALCULATIONS OF CELL FLAMMABLE GAS CONCENTRATIONS
, J; David Allison , D; John Mccord, J
2009-05-06
The Saltstone Facility at Savannah River Site (SRS) mixes low-level radiological liquid waste with grout for permanent disposal as cement in vault cells. The grout mixture is poured into each cell in approximately 17 batches (8 to 10 hours duration). The grout mixture contains ten flammable gases of concern that are released from the mixture into the cell. Prior to operations, simple parametric transient calculations were performed to develop batch parameters (including schedule of batch pours) to support operational efficiency while ensuring that a flammable gas mixture does not develop in the cell vapor space. The analysis demonstrated that a nonflammable vapor space environment can be achieved, with workable operational constraints, without crediting the ventilation flow as a safety system control. Isopar L was identified as the primary flammable gas of concern. The transient calculations balanced inflows of the flammable gases into the vapor space with credited outflows of diurnal breathing through vent holes and displacement from new grout pours and gases generated. Other important features of the analyses included identifying conditions that inhibited a well-mixed vapor space, the expected frequency and duration of such conditions, and the estimated level of stratification that could develop.
Simple modification of Compton polarimeter to redirect synchrotron radiation
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Benesch, Jay F.; Franklin, Gregg B.; Quinn, Brian P.; Paschke, Kent D.
2015-11-30
Synchrotron radiation produced as an electron beam passes through a bending magnet is a significant source of background in many experiments. Using modeling, we show that simple modifications of the magnet geometry can reduce this background by orders of magnitude in some circumstances. Specifically, we examine possible modifications of the four dipole magnets used in Jefferson Lab’s Hall A Compton polarimeter chicane. This Compton polarimeter has been a crucial part of experiments with polarized beams and the next generation of experiments will utilize increased beam energies, up to 11 GeV, requiring a corresponding increase in Compton dipole field to 1.5more »T. In consequence, the synchrotron radiation (SR) from the dipole chicane will be greatly increased. Three possible modifications of the chicane dipoles are studied; each design moves about 2% of the integrated bending field to provide a gentle bend in critical regions along the beam trajectory which, in turn, greatly reduces the synchrotron radiation within the acceptance of the Compton polarimeter photon detector. Each of the modifications studied also softens the SR energy spectrum at the detector sufficiently to allow shielding with 5 mm of lead. Simulations show that these designs are each capable of reducing the background signal due to SR by three orders of magnitude. The three designs considered vary in their need for vacuum vessel changes and in their effectiveness.« less
Simple Models for Turbulent Self-Regulation in Galaxy Disks
Curtis Struck; Daniel C. Smith
1999-07-29
We propose that turbulent heating, wave pressure and gas exchanges between different regions of disks play a dominant role in determining the preferred, quasi-equilibrium, self-similar states of gas disks on large-scales. We present simple families of analytic, thermohydrodynamic models for these global states, which include terms for turbulent pressure and Reynolds stresses. Star formation rates, phase balances, and hydrodynamic forces are all tightly coupled and balanced. The models have stratified radial flows, with the cold gas slowly flowing inward in the midplane of the disk, and with the warm/hot phases that surround the midplane flowing outward. The models suggest a number of results that are in accord with observation, as well as some novel predictions, including the following. 1) The large-scale gas density and thermal phase distributions in galaxy disks can be explained as the result of turbulent heating and spatial couplings. 2) The turbulent pressures and stresses that drive radial outflows in the warm gas also allow a reduced circular velocity there. This effect was observed by Swaters, Sancisi and van der Hulst in NGC 891, a particularly turbulent edge-on disk. The models predict that the effect should be universal in such disks. 3) They suggest that a star formation rate like the phenomenological Schmidt Law is the natural result of global thermohydrodynamical balance, and may not obtain in disks far from equilibrium. (Abridged)
Relations among Status, Power and Economic Rewards in Simple and Complex social Systems
Kimberly, James C
2015-07-28
of a single group of professors would constitute two simple systems if they were directed toward completion of two studies. Having defined a simple social system, we may now define a complex one. Just as we view the position as the basic element... of the simple system, we view the simple system as the basic element of the complex system. We define a complex system as a set of simple systems the goals of which are related to a single superordinate goal. For example, two studies being carried out by a...
Factor Analysis for Skewed Data and Skew-Normal Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis
Gaucher, Beverly Jane
2013-04-04
This research explores factor analysis applied to data from skewed distributions for the general skew model, the selection-elliptical model, the selection-normal model, the skew-elliptical model and the skew-normal model ...
Normal form approach for dispersive equations with low-regularity data
Oh, Seungly
2012-01-01
In this dissertation, we examine applications of the normal form technique to nonlinear dispersive equations with rough initial data. Working within the framework of Bourgain spaces, the normal form method often produces ...
Testing the assumptions of linear prediction analysis in normal vowels
Max Little; Patrick E. McSharry; Irene M. Moroz; Stephen J. Roberts
2006-01-04
This paper develops an improved surrogate data test to show experimental evidence, for all the simple vowels of US English, for both male and female speakers, that Gaussian linear prediction analysis, a ubiquitous technique in current speech technologies, cannot be used to extract all the dynamical structure of real speech time series. The test provides robust evidence undermining the validity of these linear techniques, supporting the assumptions of either dynamical nonlinearity and/or non-Gaussianity common to more recent, complex, efforts at dynamical modelling speech time series. However, an additional finding is that the classical assumptions cannot be ruled out entirely, and plausible evidence is given to explain the success of the linear Gaussian theory as a weak approximation to the true, nonlinear/non-Gaussian dynamics. This supports the use of appropriate hybrid linear/nonlinear/non-Gaussian modelling. With a calibrated calculation of statistic and particular choice of experimental protocol, some of the known systematic problems of the method of surrogate data testing are circumvented to obtain results to support the conclusions to a high level of significance.
Simple Dynamic Gasifier Model That Runs in Aspen Dynamics
Robinson, P.J.; Luyben, W.L. [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
2008-10-15
Gasification (or partial oxidation) is a vital component of 'clean coal' technology. Sulfur and nitrogen emissions can be reduced, overall energy efficiency is increased, and carbon dioxide recovery and sequestration are facilitated. Gasification units in an electric power generation plant produce a fuel for driving combustion turbines. Gasification units in a chemical plant generate gas, which can be used to produce a wide spectrum of chemical products. Future plants are predicted to be hybrid power/chemical plants with gasification as the key unit operation. The widely used process simulator Aspen Plus provides a library of models that can be used to develop an overall gasifier model that handles solids. So steady-state design and optimization studies of processes with gasifiers can be undertaken. This paper presents a simple approximate method for achieving the objective of having a gasifier model that can be exported into Aspen Dynamics. The basic idea is to use a high molecular weight hydrocarbon that is present in the Aspen library as a pseudofuel. This component should have the same 1:1 hydrogen-to-carbon ratio that is found in coal and biomass. For many plantwide dynamic studies, a rigorous high-fidelity dynamic model of the gasifier is not needed because its dynamics are very fast and the gasifier gas volume is a relatively small fraction of the total volume of the entire plant. The proposed approximate model captures the essential macroscale thermal, flow, composition, and pressure dynamics. This paper does not attempt to optimize the design or control of gasifiers but merely presents an idea of how to dynamically simulate coal gasification in an approximate way.
TRENDS IN DIRECT NORMAL SOLAR IRRADIANCE IN OREGON FROM 1979-2003 Laura Riihimaki
Oregon, University of
TRENDS IN DIRECT NORMAL SOLAR IRRADIANCE IN OREGON FROM 1979-2003 Laura Riihimaki Frank Vignola of trends in direct normal irradiance from three sites around Oregon over a period of 25 years. An overall. This article studies the trends in direct normal beam irradiance at three locations in Oregon. These sites have
Wang, Jin
Modeling and Generating Daily Changes in Market Variables Using A Multivariate Mixture of Normal of the normal distribution for modeling of daily changes in market variables with fatter-than-normal tails is to transform (linearly) a multivariate normalwith an input covariance matrix into the desired multivariate
Sampling Plan for Assaying Plates Containing Depleted or Normal Uranium
Ivan R. Thomas
2011-11-01
This paper describes the rationale behind the proposed method for selecting a 'representative' sample of uranium metal plates, portions of which will be destructively assayed at the Y-12 Security Complex. The total inventory of plates is segregated into two populations, one for Material Type 10 (depleted uranium (DU)) and one for Material Type 81 (normal [or natural] uranium (NU)). The plates within each population are further stratified by common dimensions. A spreadsheet gives the collective mass of uranium element (and isotope for DU) and the piece count of all plates within each stratum. These data are summarized in Table 1. All plates are 100% uranium metal, and all but approximately 60% of the NU plates have Kel-F{reg_sign} coating. The book inventory gives an overall U-235 isotopic percentage of 0.22% for the DU plates, ranging from 0.19% to 0.22%. The U-235 ratio of the NU plates is assumed to be 0.71%. As shown in Table 1, the vast majority of the plates are comprised of depleted uranium, so most of the plates will be sampled from the DU population.
FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE OF PULSE WIDTH FOR 150 RADIO NORMAL PULSARS
Chen, J. L. [Department of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Yuncheng University, 044000, Yuncheng, Shanxi (China); Wang, H. G., E-mail: hgwang.gz@gmail.com [Center for Astrophysics, Guangzhou University, 510006, Guangzhou (China)
2014-11-01
The frequency dependence of the pulse width is studied for 150 normal pulsars, mostly selected from the European Pulsar Network, for which the 10% multifrequency pulse widths can be well fit with the Thorsett relationship W {sub 10} = A?{sup ?} + W {sub 10,} {sub min}. The relative fraction of pulse width change between 0.4 GHz and 4.85 GHz, ? = (W {sub 4.85} – W {sub 0.4})/W {sub 0.4}, is calculated in terms of the best-fit relationship for each pulsar. It is found that 81 pulsars (54%) have ? < –10% (group A), showing considerable profile narrowing at high frequencies, 40 pulsars (27%) have –10% ?? ? 10% (group B), meaning a marginal change in pulse width, and 29 pulsars (19%) have ? > 10% (group C), showing a remarkable profile broadening at high frequencies. The fractions of the group-A and group-C pulsars suggest that the profile narrowing phenomenon at high frequencies is more common than the profile broadening phenomenon, but a large fraction of the group-B and group-C pulsars (a total of 46%) is also revealed. The group-C pulsars, together with a portion of group-B pulsars with slight pulse broadening, can hardly be explained using the conventional radius-to-frequency mapping, which only applies to the profile narrowing phenomenon. Based on a recent version of the fan beam model, a type of broadband emission model, we propose that the diverse frequency dependence of pulse width is a consequence of different types of distribution of emission spectra across the emission region. The geometrical effect predicting a link between the emission beam shrinkage and spectrum steepening is tested but disfavored.
Modeling pore corrosion in normally open gold- plated copper connectors.
Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Moffat, Harry K.; Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Enos, David George; Serna, Lysle M.; Sorensen, Neil Robert
2008-09-01
The goal of this study is to model the electrical response of gold plated copper electrical contacts exposed to a mixed flowing gas stream consisting of air containing 10 ppb H{sub 2}S at 30 C and a relative humidity of 70%. This environment accelerates the attack normally observed in a light industrial environment (essentially a simplified version of the Battelle Class 2 environment). Corrosion rates were quantified by measuring the corrosion site density, size distribution, and the macroscopic electrical resistance of the aged surface as a function of exposure time. A pore corrosion numerical model was used to predict both the growth of copper sulfide corrosion product which blooms through defects in the gold layer and the resulting electrical contact resistance of the aged surface. Assumptions about the distribution of defects in the noble metal plating and the mechanism for how corrosion blooms affect electrical contact resistance were needed to complete the numerical model. Comparisons are made to the experimentally observed number density of corrosion sites, the size distribution of corrosion product blooms, and the cumulative probability distribution of the electrical contact resistance. Experimentally, the bloom site density increases as a function of time, whereas the bloom size distribution remains relatively independent of time. These two effects are included in the numerical model by adding a corrosion initiation probability proportional to the surface area along with a probability for bloom-growth extinction proportional to the corrosion product bloom volume. The cumulative probability distribution of electrical resistance becomes skewed as exposure time increases. While the electrical contact resistance increases as a function of time for a fraction of the bloom population, the median value remains relatively unchanged. In order to model this behavior, the resistance calculated for large blooms has been weighted more heavily.
Normal and lateral Casimir forces between deformed plates
Emig, Thorsten; Hanke, Andreas; Golestanian, Ramin; Kardar, Mehran [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, D-50937 Cologne (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, D-70550 Stuttgart (Germany); Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan 45195-159 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Physics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
2003-02-01
The Casimir force between macroscopic bodies depends strongly on their shape and orientation. To study this geometry dependence in the case of two deformed metal plates, we use a path-integral quantization of the electromagnetic field which properly treats the many-body nature of the interaction, going beyond the commonly used pairwise summation (PWS) of van der Waals forces. For arbitrary deformations we provide an analytical result for the deformation induced change in the Casimir energy, which is exact to second order in the deformation amplitude. For the specific case of sinusoidally corrugated plates, we calculate both the normal and the lateral Casimir forces. The deformation induced change in the Casimir interaction of a flat and a corrugated plate shows an interesting crossover as a function of the ratio of the mean plate distance H to the corrugation length {lambda}: For {lambda}<
Oh, Ann
2009-01-01
simple tools into dangerous weapons New applications ofprogressive, but also dangerous when applied to warfare. Theabove, also a powerful and dangerous tool for terrorists to
A Simple/Short Introduction to Pre-Big-Bang Physics/Cosmology
G. Veneziano
1998-03-02
A simple, non-technical introduction to the pre-big bang scenario is given, emphasizing physical motivations, considerations, and consequences over formalism.
Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)
EVALUATION OF VOLUMETRIC THRESHOLD STRAIN CONSIDERING NOISY FEEDBACK SIGNALS FROM SIMPLE SHEAR 90095 #12;set to illustrate how the volumetric threshold shear strain can be evaluated in consideration
SANS: A Simple Ad Hoc Network Simulator Nicolas Burri, Roger Wattenhofer, Yves Weber, Aaron present a Simple Ad Hoc Network Simulator SANS particularly intended for the simulation of distributed the concepts and correct usage of SANS as a development, debugging, testing and presentation tool. Together
A Simple Cast-as-Intended E-Voting Protocol by Using Secure Smart Cards
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
A Simple Cast-as-Intended E-Voting Protocol by Using Secure Smart Cards March 12, 2012 Helger Lipmaa Institute of Computer Science, University of Tartu, Estonia Abstract. We propose a simple cast, is significantly more secure (in the sense of "cast-as-intended") and convenient to use than the e-voting protocol
Understanding Wax Printing: A Simple Micropatterning Process for Paper-Based
Prentiss, Mara
Understanding Wax Printing: A Simple Micropatterning Process for Paper-Based Microfluidics Emanuel a detailed study on wax printing, a simple and inexpensive method for fabricating microfluidic devices in paper using a commercially avail- able printer and hot plate. The printer prints patterns of solid wax
A Methodology for Developing Simple and Robust Power Models Using Performance Monitoring Events
Fedorova, Alexandra
A Methodology for Developing Simple and Robust Power Models Using Performance Monitoring Events Kishore Kumar Pusukuri UC Riverside kishore@cs.ucr.edu David Vengerov Sun Microsystems Laboratories david.vengerov@sun a methodology for develop- ing simple and robust power models using performance monitoring events for AMD Quad
Stimulated particle emission --a simple example. Christopher King (1) and Roger Waxler (2)
8/20/1997 Stimulated particle emission -- a simple example. Christopher King (1) and Roger Waxler emission in a simple model of the atom plus radiation system, namely a two state atom inter acting that stimulated emission does occur for certain initial photon states, but only at quadratic order in the rescaled
SIMPLE PULSE ASYNCHRONOUS STATE MACHINES Jeffrey Miller 1 Woodward Yang 2
Yang, Woodward
SIMPLE PULSE ASYNCHRONOUS STATE MACHINES Jeffrey Miller 1 Woodward Yang 2 Division of Applied Sciences, Harvard University, USA 1 miller@eecs.harvard.edu 2 woody@eecs.harvard.edu ABSTRACT Pulse tion in the time domain. In this paper we present a new technique for pulse computation with simple
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Towards Electrical, Integrated Implementations of SIMPL Systems Ulrich Rührmair Qingqing Chen Paolo implementations of SIMPL systems were presented. This manuscript focuses on concrete electrical, integrated be implemented in practice. We sug- gest two variants based on integrated electrical circuits in this publication
Thermodynamics and kinetics of competing aggregation processes in a simple model system
Berry, R. Stephen
Thermodynamics and kinetics of competing aggregation processes in a simple model system Ambarish 8 November 2007 A simple model system has been used to develop thermodynamics and kinetics for bulk and thermodynamics of the processes and to infer the conditions in which one process dominates another, in the high
On The IndistinguishabilityBased Security Model of Key Agreement Protocols-Simple Cases 1
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
On The IndistinguishabilityBased Security Model of Key Agreement Protocols-Simple Cases 1 Zhaohui University White Hart Lane, London N17 8HR, United Kingdom {m.z.cheng of authenticated key agreement protocols in simple cases have been evolving for more than ten years. In this paper
On The Indistinguishability-Based Security Model of Key Agreement Protocols-Simple Cases1
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
On The Indistinguishability-Based Security Model of Key Agreement Protocols-Simple Cases1 Zhaohui University White Hart Lane, London N17 8HR, United Kingdom {m.z.cheng of authenticated key agreement protocols in simple cases have been evolving for more than ten years. In this paper
Pore pressure development in small-strain undrained loading of soils according to a simple model
José Jorge Nader
2013-07-28
This note discusses a simple equation that may be useful in the study of pore pressures generated in the undrained loading of soils. The equation is employed to describe the pore pressure development accompanying a small stress increment in the undrained triaxial compression test and in the undrained simple shear test. The cases of incompressible and compressible pore fluids are examined.
Combined Simple Biosphere/Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach terrestrial carbon cycle model
Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.
Combined Simple Biosphere/Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach terrestrial carbon cycle model Kevin and physical processes to test our understanding of the terrestrial carbon cycle and to predict ecosystem biomass and carbon fluxes. We combine the photosynthesis and biophysical calculations in the Simple
Stress-driven migration of simple low-angle mixed grain boundaries , M. Haataja a,
Cai, Wei
Stress-driven migration of simple low-angle mixed grain boundaries A.T. Lim a , M. Haataja a, , W investigated the stress-induced migration of a class of simple low-angle mixed grain boundaries (LAMGBs) using under an externally applied stress can occur by dislocation glide, and was observed to be coupled
SIMPLE FUSION SYSTEMS OVER p-GROUPS WITH ABELIAN SUBGROUP OF INDEX p : I
Oliver, Bob
SIMPLE FUSION SYSTEMS OVER p-GROUPS WITH ABELIAN SUBGROUP look at simple fusion systems over a oni* *te nonabelian p-group S which has an abelian subgroup (equivalentl* *y, is not radical) in the fusion system, we give a complete list of all possibilities
Development and Implementation of Interactive/Visual Software for Simple Aircraft Gas Turbine Design
Ghajar, Afshin J.
Development and Implementation of Interactive/Visual Software for Simple Aircraft Gas Turbine of software to analyze and design gas turbine systems has been an important part of this course since 1988 of this project was to develop MS Windows based software: Simple Aircraft Gas Turbine Design, that is easy to use
Simplicity in complexity: the photosynthetic reaction center performs as a simple 0.2 V battery
van Stokkum, Ivo
Simplicity in complexity: the photosynthetic reaction center performs as a simple 0.2 V battery life. We show here that it operates in a simple, battery-like manner, with a maximum potential of 0 battery' cannot generate more than a 1.5 V potential, which is its electron motive force O0 e3 . Only when
THERMOELECTRIC GENERATION OF CHARGE IMBALANCE AT A SUPERCONDUCTOR-NORMAL METAL INTERFACE
Van Harlingen, D.J.
2014-01-01
in Non-equilibrium Superconductivity, Phonons, and KapitzaD. Bedard, in SQUID: Superconducting Quantum Inter- ference1 (a) At a normal metal-superconductor interface, an applied
Intra-hour Direct Normal Irradiance solar forecasting using genetic programming
Queener, Benjamin Daniel
2012-01-01
16 3.2 Push Programming Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Genetic Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 3.1.3normalized data, Genetic Programming would become a powerful
Keller, Jr., Fred A. (Lakewood, CO); Nguyen, Quang A. (Golden, CO)
2002-01-01
Strains of the yeast Pichia stipitis NPw9 (ATCC PTA-3717) useful for the production of ethanol using oxygen for growth while fermenting normally toxic lignocellulosic prehydrolysates.
Facial Expression Invariant Head Pose Normalization using Gaussian Process Ognjen Rudovic
Theune, Mariët
into a head-pose space defined by a low dimensional manifold attained by means of multi-class LDA. ThenFacial Expression Invariant Head Pose Normalization using Gaussian Process Regression Ognjen for facial- expression-invariant head pose normalization. We address the problem by mapping the locations
A Technique for Reducing Normal-Form Games to Compute a Nash Equilibrium
A Technique for Reducing Normal-Form Games to Compute a Nash Equilibrium Vincent Conitzer Carnegie)matrix) game, O, to a smaller normal-form game, R, for the purpose of computing a Nash equilibrium. This is done by computing a Nash equilibrium for a subcomponent, G, of O for which a certain condition holds
NEWTON'S METHOD FOR COMPUTING A NORMALIZED EQUILIBRIUM IN THE GENERALIZED NASH GAME
Kanzow, Christian
NEWTON'S METHOD FOR COMPUTING A NORMALIZED EQUILIBRIUM IN THE GENERALIZED NASH GAME THROUGH FIXED Society for the Promotion of Science. 1 #12;Abstract. We consider the generalized Nash equilibrium problem: Generalized Nash equilibrium problem; Normalized equilib- rium; Fixed point characterization; Nonsmooth Newton
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Resource Allocation Strategies for In-Network Stream Processing-20 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Téléphone : +33
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Optimizing the reliability of pipelined applications under-06 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Téléphone : +33
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Mapping pipelined applications with replication to increase Report No 2009-28 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Optimizing Latency and Reliability of Pipeline Workflow Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Téléphone : +33
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Fault Tolerant Scheduling of Precedence Task Graphs Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Téléphone : +33
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Assessing general mappings for period/reliability optimization Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Téléphone : +33
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Resource Allocation for Multiple Concurrent In-Network Stream No 2009-07 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Téléphone : +33
cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon Laboratoire de Sciences de la Terre
Cerveny, Vlastislav
École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Laboratoire de Sciences de la Terre Charles University in Prague Supérieure de Lyon Laboratoire de Sciences de la Terre Université Charles à Prague Faculté de mathématiques Normale Supérieure de Lyon Laboratoire de Sciences de la Terre Univerzita Karlova v Praze Matematicko
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Realistic Models and Efficient Algorithms for Fault Tolerant No 2008-09 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Téléphone : +33
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Computing the throughput of probabilistic and replicated 2010 Research Report No 2010-03 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Multi-criteria scheduling of pipeline workflows Anne Benoit, Veronika Rehn-Sonigo, Yves Robert June 2007 Research Report No 2007-32 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Impact of QoS on Replica Placement in Tree Networks Anne Benoit , Veronika Rehn , Yves Robert December 2006 Research Report No 2006-48 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme cole Normale Suprieure de Lyon
Benoit, Anne
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS-INRIA-ENS LYON-UCBL no 5668 Bi-criteria Pipeline Mappings for Parallel Image Processing Anne-02 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Téléphone : +33
Universit a degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza Ecole normale sup erieure de Lyon
Cocco, Simona
Universit#18; a degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza e et Ecole normale sup#19; erieure de Lyon Tesi Th Roma La Sapienza e et Docteur en Physique de L'Ecole normale sup#19; erieure de Lyon au titre de l
Larson, Kristine
1 Normalized Microwave Reflection Index: Validation of Vegetation Water Content Estimates from NMRI as a metric for estimating vegetation water content (VWC) and evaluate the normalization procedure Reflection Index (NMRI). It is a measure of vegetation water content (VWC) estimated from data archived
SPEECH-CODING AND TRAINING-INDUCED PLASTICITY IN AUDITORY CORTEX OF NORMAL AND DYSLEXIA
Kilgard, Michael P.
SPEECH-CODING AND TRAINING-INDUCED PLASTICITY IN AUDITORY CORTEX OF NORMAL AND DYSLEXIA MODEL RATS anymore... #12;SPEECH-CODING AND TRAINING-INDUCED PLASTICITY IN AUDITORY CORTEX OF NORMAL AND DYSLEXIA been lucky to share the lab with many wonderful colleagues. First, I must thank Dr. Crystal Engineer
May 28-29, 2008/ARR Thermal Effect of Off-Normal Energy
Raffray, A. René
May 28-29, 2008/ARR 1 Thermal Effect of Off-Normal Energy Deposition on Bare Ferritic Steel First #12;May 28-29, 2008/ARR 2 Power Plant FW Under Energy Deposition from Off- Normal Conditions · Thermal Meeting) · Disruptions: Parallel energy density for thermal quench = 28-45 MJ/m2 near X
Assessing Non-Normal Effects in Thermoacoustic Systems with Mean Flow. K. Wieczorek,1, a)
Nicoud, Franck
Assessing Non-Normal Effects in Thermoacoustic Systems with Mean Flow. K. Wieczorek,1, a) C this paper, non-normal interactions in a thermoacoustic system are studied, using a low-order expansion. INTRODUCTION Over the last decades, thermoacoustic instabilities have been the subject of intense re- search
Gibbs Sampling for Logistic Normal Topic Models with Graph-Based Priors
McCallum, Andrew
in the T - 1 simplex (i.e., a T-dimensional logistic normal random variable) can be generated as follows: 1Gibbs Sampling for Logistic Normal Topic Models with Graph-Based Priors David Mimno, Hanna M relationships. Models for spatial and temporal data often rely on real-valued state space models such as dynamic
The Normal Parkin Sequence The recruitment of parkin to mitochondria in response to
Feng, Jian
231 normal subjects and 294 Parkinson's disease patients in China, as well as genomic DNA from 19 normal subjects and 18 Parkinson's disease patients in the United States were amplified by polymerase Tool (BLAST) search of DNA sequences from 1540 indi- viduals (1290 Parkinson's disease patients and 250
Antiport Mechanism for Cl in ClC-ec1 from Normal-Mode Analysis
Harilal, S. S.
Antiport Mechanism for ClÀ /Hþ in ClC-ec1 from Normal-Mode Analysis Gennady V. Miloshevsky, Ahmed. It functions as a ClÀ /Hþ anti- porter, not a ClÀ channel; however, the molecular mechanism for ClÀ /Hþ exchange is largely unknown. Using all-atom normal-mode analysis to explore possible mechanisms
Kockelman, Kara M.
1 1 Relaxing the Multivariate Normality Assumption in the Simulation 2 of Transportation System network analysis literature is the3 use of the multivariate normal (MVN) distribution. While in certain to sample from these case-specific multivariate distributions in simulation studies (see, e.g.,14 Ghosh
A Filtering Mechanism for Normal Fish Trajectories Cigdem Beyan, Robert B. Fisher
Fisher, Bob
A Filtering Mechanism for Normal Fish Trajectories Cigdem Beyan, Robert B. Fisher IPAB, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, UK C.Beyan@sms.ed.ac.uk, rbf@inf.ed.ac.uk Abstract Understanding fish surveillance, etc. However, the literature is very limited in terms of normal/abnormal fish behavior
Mecham, Robert
Elastin protein levels are a vital modifier affecting normal lung development and susceptibility modifier affecting normal lung development and susceptibility to emphysema. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol-induced emphysema is highly variable, and numerous genetic and environmental factors are thought to mitigate lung
Normality Tests in SPSSNormality Tests in SPSS UNT Geog 3190, Wolverton 1
Wolverton, Steve
Normality Tests in SPSSNormality Tests in SPSS UNT Geog 3190, Wolverton 1 #12;What do these tests do?What do these tests do? · They compare the shape of your sample distribution to the shape · A significant test means the sample distribution is not shaped like a normal curve · Shapiro Wilks W test
Assessing Non-Normal Effects in Thermoacoustic Systems with Mean Flow. K. Wieczorek,1, a)
Boyer, Edmond
Assessing Non-Normal Effects in Thermoacoustic Systems with Mean Flow. K. Wieczorek,1, a) C.1063/1.3650418 #12;In this paper, non-normal interactions in a thermoacoustic system are studied, using a low,version1-19Mar2013 #12;I. INTRODUCTION Over the last decades, thermoacoustic instabilities have been
High frequency acoustic transmission loss of perforated plates at normal incidence
Papamoschou, Dimitri
High frequency acoustic transmission loss of perforated plates at normal incidence Vincent Phonga conducted on the transmission loss of perforated plates at normal incidence. The investigation includes microphone measurements of transmission loss for 11 perforated plates with variable thickness, hole size
Structural Relaxation and Mode Coupling in a Simple Liquid: Depolarized Light Scattering in Benzene
Sabine Wiebel; Joachim Wuttke
2002-04-18
We have measured depolarized light scattering in liquid benzene over the whole accessible temperature range and over four decades in frequency. Between 40 and 180 GHz we find a susceptibility peak due to structural relaxation. This peak shows stretching and time-temperature scaling as known from $\\alpha$ relaxation in glass-forming materials. A simple mode-coupling model provides consistent fits of the entire data set. We conclude that structural relaxation in simple liquids and $\\alpha$ relaxation in glass-forming materials are physically the same. A deeper understanding of simple liquids is reached by applying concepts that were originally developed in the context of glass-transition research.
A Simple Heat-Flow Quality Function And Appraisal Of Heat-Flow...
A Simple Heat-Flow Quality Function And Appraisal Of Heat-Flow Measurements And Heat-Flow Estimates From The Uk Geothermal Catalogue Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...
Catalytic Addition of Simple Alkenes to Carbonyl Compounds by Use of Group 10 Metals
Ho, Chun-Yu
Recent advances using nickel complexes in the activation of unactivated monosubstituted olefins for catalytic intermolecular carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions with carbonyl compounds, such as simple aldehydes, isocyanates, ...
Drag reducing polymers as simple indicators of hemolytic potential in biomechanical devices
Shieh, Sarah
2009-01-01
An experimental study was carried out to determine if drag reducing polymers can be simple indicators of hemolytic potential in biomechanical devices. Specifically, three different blood pumps, known as a left ventricle ...
Simple Methods To Reduce Charge-Transfer Contamination in Time-Dependent Density-Functional
Herbert, John
Simple Methods To Reduce Charge-Transfer Contamination in Time-Dependent Density) contamination in condensed-phase, time- dependent density-functional theory. These calculations are plagued spectra can still be obtained, upon configurational averaging, despite pervasive CT contamination
Ultralow Thermal Conductivity in Organoclay Nanolaminates Synthesized via Simple Self-Assembly
Braun, Paul
Information ABSTRACT: Because interfaces impede phonon transport of thermal energy, nanostructuring canUltralow Thermal Conductivity in Organoclay Nanolaminates Synthesized via Simple Self-Assembly Mark of Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana Illinois 61801, United States § Materials and Manufacturing
Designing a simple, robust, precision robotic platform for medium quantity production
Lieberman, Janet Samantha
2007-01-01
A niche which has yet to be saturated in the growing market of educational and research robotic platforms is the mechanically-simple, electronically-powerful research robot. Useful in fields such as algorithm and artificial ...
Shock Profiles for the Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process in One Dimension
. Lebowitz 2 , E. R. Speer 2 Abstract The asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) on a one lebowitz@math.rutgers.edu, speer@math.rutgers.edu. #12; 1. Introduction The aim of this and our previous
A generalized simple corner-balance transport method for 1-D problems
Eaton, Thomas Lance
1994-01-01
A new generalized simple Comer Balance transport method was developed in an attempt to produce accurate solutions to all one-dimensional transport problems. The method allows only one parameter, 0, to vary according to the values of the scattering...
Arrhenius, Gustaf
of production, concentration, and interaction of aldehydes and aldehyde phosphates, potential precursors of the simple aldehydes formaldehyde, glycolaldehyde, and glyceraldehyde by adduct formation in the presence of formaldehyde [1]. However, the environmental plausibility of this model reaction leaves some
Makous, Walter
The Goldilocks Effect: Human Infants Allocate Attention to Visual Sequences That Are Neither Too: Human Infants Allocate Attention to Visual Sequences That Are Neither Too Simple Nor Too Complex. PLo
AN ELECTRON MICROSCOPY ANALYSIS OF A SIMPLE METAL/CERAMIC INTERFACE
Dahmen, U.
2010-01-01
Materials Symposium on "Surfaces and Interfaces in Ceramicand Ceramic-Metal Systems", Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory,ANALYSIS OF A SIMPLE METAL/CERAMIC INTERFACE U. Dahmen, K.H.
Collision dynamics of two barchan dunes simulated by a simple model
Atsunari Katsuki; Hiraku Nishimori; Noritaka Endo; Keisuke Taniguchi
2004-12-24
The collision processes of two crescentic dunes called barchans are systematically studied using a simple computer simulation model. The simulated processes, coalescence, ejection and reorganization, qualitatively correspond to those observed in a water tank experiment. Moreover we found the realized types of collision depend both on the mass ratio and on the lateral distance between barchans under initial conditions. A simple set of differential equations to describe the collision of one-dimensional (1D) dunes is introduced.
Density- and wavefunction-normalized Cartesian spherical harmonics for l ? 20
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Michael, J. Robert; Volkov, Anatoliy
2015-03-01
The widely used pseudoatom formalism in experimental X-ray charge-density studies makes use of real spherical harmonics when describing the angular component of aspherical deformations of the atomic electron density in molecules and crystals. The analytical form of the density-normalized Cartesian spherical harmonic functions for up to l ? 7 and the corresponding normalization coefficients were reported previously by Paturle & Coppens. It was shown that the analytical form for normalization coefficients is available primarily forl ? 4. Only in very special cases it is possible to derive an analytical representation of the normalization coefficients for 4 l ? 7.more »In most cases for l > 4 the density normalization coefficients were calculated numerically to within seven significant figures. In this study we review the literature on the density-normalized spherical harmonics, clarify the existing notations, use the Paturle–Coppens method in the Wolfram Mathematicasoftware to derive the Cartesian spherical harmonics for l ? 20 and determine the density normalization coefficients to 35 significant figures, and computer-generate a Fortran90 code. The article primarily targets researchers who work in the field of experimental X-ray electron density, but may be of some use to all who are interested in Cartesian spherical harmonics.« less
New method for computing ideal MHD normal modes in axisymmetric toroidal geometry
Wysocki, F.; Grimm, R.C.
1984-11-01
Analytic elimination of the two magnetic surface components of the displacement vector permits the normal mode ideal MHD equations to be reduced to a scalar form. A Galerkin procedure, similar to that used in the PEST codes, is implemented to determine the normal modes computationally. The method retains the efficient stability capabilities of the PEST 2 energy principle code, while allowing computation of the normal mode frequencies and eigenfunctions, if desired. The procedure is illustrated by comparison with earlier various of PEST and by application to tilting modes in spheromaks, and to stable discrete Alfven waves in tokamak geometry.
Fuel cell system logic for differentiating between rapid and normal shutdown commands
Keskula, Donald H. (Webster, NY); Doan, Tien M. (Columbia, MD); Clingerman, Bruce J. (Palmyra, NY)
2000-01-01
A method of controlling the operation of a fuel cell system wherein each shutdown command for the system is subjected to decision logic which determines whether the command should be a normal shutdown command or rapid shutdown command. If the logic determines that the shutdown command should be a normal shutdown command, then the system is shutdown in a normal step-by-step process in which the hydrogen stream is consumed within the system. If the logic determines that the shutdown command should be a rapid shutdown command, the hydrogen stream is removed from the system either by dumping to atmosphere or routing to storage.
Coupled normal fluid and superfluid profiles of turbulent helium II in channels
Galantucci, Luca; Barenghi, Carlo F
2015-01-01
We perform fully coupled two--dimensional numerical simulations of plane channel helium II counterflows with vortex--line density typical of experiments. The main features of our approach are the inclusion of the back reaction of the superfluid vortices on the normal fluid and the presence of solid boundaries. Despite the reduced dimensionality, our model is realistic enough to reproduce vortex density distributions across the channel recently calculated in three--dimensions. We focus on the coarse--grained superfluid and normal fluid velocity profiles, recovering the normal fluid profile recently observed employing a technique based on laser--induced fluorescence of metastable helium molecules.
Smooth Normal Approximations of epi-Lipschitzian subsets of R(n)*
Cornet, Bernard; Czarnecki, Marc-Olivier
1999-01-01
SMOOTH NORMAL APPROXIMATIONS OF EPI-LIPSCHITZIAN SUBSETS OF R n? BERNARD CORNET † AND MARC-OLIVIER CZARNECKI ‡ SIAM J. CONTROL OPTIM. c © 1999 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 710–730 Abstract. A sequence (M k... ) of closed subsets of R n converges normally to M ? R n if (sc) M = lim supM k = lim inf M k in the sense of Painleve´–Kuratowski and (nc) lim sup G(N M k ) ? G(N M ), where G(N M ) (resp., G(N M k )) denotes the graph of N M (resp., N M k ), Clarke’s normal...
L to H Mode Transition: Parametric Dependencies of the Temperature Threshold by a Simple First Principles Approach
Hussain, Z.
2013-01-01
Physical Review Letters FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMAL0 eV. (b) Magnitude of the Fourier transform IF(r)l accord·3. l.94A and V 5 eV. Fourier-transform derived distances ZF
Hussain, Z.
2013-01-01
Academy of Sciences USA FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMALeV. (b) Magnitude of the Fourier transform IF(r)l accordingV 0 = 5 eV. Figure 3. Fourier-transform derived distances ZF
Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.)
Rushing, Ronald Wayne
1996-01-01
relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...
Hunt Jr., E. Raymond
Vegetation water content mapping using Landsat data derived normalized difference water index Information about vegetation water content (VWC) has widespread utility in agriculture, forestry. D 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Vegetation water content; Landsat; NDWI 1
Ar-40/Ar-39 Age Constraints for the Jaramillo Normal Subchron...
Boundary Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Ar-40Ar-39 Age Constraints for the Jaramillo Normal Subchron and the...
Biomagnetic detection of gastric electrical activity in normal and vagotomized rabbits
Wikswo, John
electrical activity (GEA) in normal rabbits using a Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID muscle sources, they also have a magnetic field, and these may be recorded using a Superconduct- ing
A CW normal-conductive RF gun for free electron laser and energy recovery linac applications
Baptiste, Kenneth
2009-01-01
Todd, State-of-the art electron guns and injector de- signs,7] Summary of working group on guns and injectors, 41st Ad-A CW normal-conductive RF gun for free electron laser and
Method for distinguishing normal and transformed cells using G1 kinase inhibitors
Crissman, H.A.; Gadbois, D.M.; Tobey, R.A.; Bradbury, E.M.
1993-02-09
A G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitor is applied in a low concentration to a population of normal and transformed mammalian cells. The concentration of G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitor is selected to reversibly arrest normal mammalian cells in the G[sub 1] cell cycle without arresting growth of transformed cells. The transformed cells may then be selectively identified and/or cloned for research or diagnostic purposes. The transformed cells may also be selectively killed by therapeutic agents that do not affect normal cells in the G[sub 1] phase, suggesting that such G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitors may form an effective adjuvant for use with chemotherapeutic agents in cancer therapy for optimizing the killing dose of chemotherapeutic agents while minimizing undesirable side effects on normal cells.
Gutierrez, Kaitlin A.
2011-08-04
ABSTRACT Influence of Glucocorticosteroid Hormones on Immune Functions of Normal and Cushing’s Syndrome Horses (April 2008) Kaitlin Alyssa Gutierrez Department of Animal Science Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Thomas H. Welsh, Jr...
Blood Vessel Normalization in the Hamster Oral Cancer Model for Experimental Cancer Therapy Studies
Ana J. Molinari; Romina F. Aromando; Maria E. Itoiz; Marcela A. Garabalino; Andrea Monti Hughes; Elisa M. Heber; Emiliano C. C. Pozzi; David W. Nigg; Veronica A. Trivillin; Amanda E. Schwint
2012-07-01
Normalization of tumor blood vessels improves drug and oxygen delivery to cancer cells. The aim of this study was to develop a technique to normalize blood vessels in the hamster cheek pouch model of oral cancer. Materials and Methods: Tumor-bearing hamsters were treated with thalidomide and were compared with controls. Results: Twenty eight hours after treatment with thalidomide, the blood vessels of premalignant tissue observable in vivo became narrower and less tortuous than those of controls; Evans Blue Dye extravasation in tumor was significantly reduced (indicating a reduction in aberrant tumor vascular hyperpermeability that compromises blood flow), and tumor blood vessel morphology in histological sections, labeled for Factor VIII, revealed a significant reduction in compressive forces. These findings indicated blood vessel normalization with a window of 48 h. Conclusion: The technique developed herein has rendered the hamster oral cancer model amenable to research, with the potential benefit of vascular normalization in head and neck cancer therapy.
Mapping local hippocampal changes in Alzheimer's disease and normal ageing with MRI at 3 Tesla
Thompson, Paul
Mapping local hippocampal changes in Alzheimer's disease and normal ageing with MRI at 3 Tesla and Alzheimer's disease based on high resolution MRI at 3 Tesla. T1-weighted images were acquired from 19
Kuhle, Nathan John
2001-01-01
, and distributed fracturing and folding. The relative contribution of these mechanisms depends on the relative ductility of the rock and magnitude of inversion. Reverse slip on the normal fault and distributed fracturing occur during early stages of inversion...
Compressible gas properties of UF/sub 6/ for isentropic, normal shock, and oblique shock conditions
Harloff, G.J.
1984-11-01
Isentropic, normal shock, and oblique shock tables are given for the real gas UF/sub 6/ for Mach numbers up to 22. An evaluation of the real gas effects is given. A computer program listing is included.
DIRECT NORMAL IRRADIANCE FOR CSP BASED ON SATELLITE IMAGES OF METEOSAT SECOND
Heinemann, Detlev
DIRECT NORMAL IRRADIANCE FOR CSP BASED ON SATELLITE IMAGES OF METEOSAT SECOND GENERATION A. Hammer1). As for concentrating solar power (CSP) the frequency distribution of DNI is of special importance, special attention
Webster, Holly E
2008-06-27
The objective of the current study was to assess how applicable developments in the use of virtual reality paradigms were in the studying of executive functioning within a normally aging sample. Traditional measures such as the Tower of London task...
Generic low power reconfigurable distributed arithmetic processor
Liu, Zhenyu
2009-01-01
Higher performance, lower cost, increasingly minimizing integrated circuit components, and higher packaging density of chips are ongoing goals of the microelectronic and computer industry. As these goals are being achieved, ...
Statistical properties of an iterated arithmetic mapping
Feix, M.R.; Rouet, J.L.
1994-07-01
We study the (3x = 1)/2 problem from a probabilistic viewpoint and show a forgetting mechanism for the last k binary digits of the seed after k iterations. The problem is subsequently generalized to a trifurcation process, the (lx + m)/3 problem. Finally the sequence of a set of seeds is empirically shown to be equivalent to a random walk of the variable log{sub 2}x (or log{sub 3} x) though computer simulations.
FROM HARMONIC ANALYSIS TO ARITHMETIC COMBINATORICS
Laba, Izabella
Samoilovitch Besicovitch (1891-1970) had an interesting life. He was born in Berdyansk, in the south of Russia and then as an independent institution. Perm, located in the Ural Mountains, was closed off to foreign visitors from the 1920, the Bolshevik Revolution erupted in October 1917. Soon thereafter a civil war engulfed Russia. The White Army
Compensated algorithms in floating point arithmetic
Louvet, Nicolas
.00 2.98 2.89 2.71 15 . . . 2 #12;11 11 6.2. : 9.33 2.96 1 2 3 4 8 15 30 45 60 90 120 9.33 9.37 9.35 9.29 9.30 9.20 2.96 2.93 2.93 2.91 2.98 2.95 6.3. (6 ) (6 ) 9
Serre-Course in Arithmetic.pdf
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data. Serre, Jean-Pierre ... discriminant 4; I. These forms occur in various questions: modular functions, differential ...
Secure Arithmetic Computation with No Honest Majority
Sahai, Amit
to a suitable class of fields, the (amortized) communication cost is a constant number of field elements per multiplication gate and the computational cost is dominated by O(log k) field operations per gate, where k. Following the general feasibility results from the 1980s [60,34,4,13], much research in this area shifted
Lightweight Arithmetic for Mobile Multimedia Devices
Chen, Tsuhan
dynamic range and precision Small, less power consumption From SW to HW: time- consuming and error-prone Floating-point Wide dynamic range & high precision Big, power intensive Easy translation from SW to HW Comparison SW tuning HW design Pass ? C++ FP Fixed-point SW simulation SW Lib HW Lib HW design Pass ? C++ FP
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallelisme Ecole Normale Sup'erieure de Lyon
Koiran, Pascal
Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallâ??elisme ' Ecole Normale Sup'erieure de Lyon Unit'e de Olivier Chapuis and Pascal Koiran July 1998 Research Report N o 98Â32 â?? Ecole Normale Supâ?? erieure de Lyon 46 Allâ??ee d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Tâ??elâ??ephone : +33(0)4.72.72.80.00 Tâ??elâ??ecopieur : +33
The thermodynamic properties of mixtures of normal octane and branched paraffin hydrocarbons
Liu, Edward Kou-Shan
1975-01-01
THE THEi%ODYNANIC PROPERTIES Ol' NIXTURES OF NORMAL OCTANE AND BRANCHED PARAFFIN HYDROCARBONS A Thesis by Edward Kou-Shan Liu Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkN University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of NASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering THF THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES OF NORMAL OCTANE AND BRANCHED PARAFFIN HYDROCARBONS A Thesis by EDWARD KOU-SHA N LID Approved as to style and content by: Chairman...
Reactive-coupling-induced normal mode splittings in microdisk resonators coupled to waveguides
Huang Sumei; Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)
2010-05-15
We study the optomechanical design introduced by M. Li et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223901 (2009)], which is very effective for investigation of the effects of reactive coupling. We show the normal mode splitting that is due solely to reactive coupling rather than due to dispersive coupling. We suggest feeding the waveguide with a pump field along with a probe field and scanning the output probe for evidence of reactive-coupling-induced normal mode splitting.
Peer relations and depressed mood in normal children: a prospective study
Hoye, Wayne Edgar
1985-01-01
PEER RELATIONS AND DEPRESSED MOOD IN NORMAL CHILDREN: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY A Thesis by WAYNE EDGAR HOYE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... May 19S5 Major Subject: Psychology PEER RELATIONS AND DEPRESSED MOOD IN NORMAL CHILDREN: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY A Thesis by WAYNE EDGAR HOYE Approved as to style and content by: William S. Rholes (Chairman of Committee) Charlene Mu hlenhard...
Influence of Transcontinental arch on Cretaceous listric-normal faulting, west flank, Denver basin
Davis, T.L.
1983-08-01
Seismic studies along the west flank of the Denver basin near Boulder and Greeley, Colorado illustrate the interrelationship between shallow listric-normal faulting in the Cretaceous and deeper basement-controlled faulting. Deeper fault systems, primarily associated with the Transcontinental arch, control the styles and causative mechanisms of listric-normal faulting that developed in the Cretaceous. Three major stratigraphic levels of listric-normal faulting occur in the Boulder-Greeley area. These tectonic sensitive intervals are present in the following Cretaceous formations: Laramie-Fox Hills-upper Pierre, middle Pierre Hygiene zone, and the Niobrara-Carlile-Greenhorn. Documentation of the listric-normal fault style reveals a Wattenberg high, a horst block or positive feature of the greater Transcontinental arch, was active in the east Boulder-Greeley area during Cretaceous time. Paleotectonic events associated with the Wattenberg high are traced through analysis of the listric-normal fault systems that occur in the area. These styles are important to recognize because of their stratigraphic and structural influence on Cretaceous petroleum reservoir systems in the Denver basin. Similar styles of listric-normal faulting occur in the Cretaceous in many Rocky Mountain foreland basins.
Experimental Support for the Evolution of Symmetric Protein Architecture from a Simple Peptide Motif
J Lee; M Blaber
2011-12-31
The majority of protein architectures exhibit elements of structural symmetry, and 'gene duplication and fusion' is the evolutionary mechanism generally hypothesized to be responsible for their emergence from simple peptide motifs. Despite the central importance of the gene duplication and fusion hypothesis, experimental support for a plausible evolutionary pathway for a specific protein architecture has yet to be effectively demonstrated. To address this question, a unique 'top-down symmetric deconstruction' strategy was utilized to successfully identify a simple peptide motif capable of recapitulating, via gene duplication and fusion processes, a symmetric protein architecture (the threefold symmetric {beta}-trefoil fold). The folding properties of intermediary forms in this deconstruction agree precisely with a previously proposed 'conserved architecture' model for symmetric protein evolution. Furthermore, a route through foldable sequence-space between the simple peptide motif and extant protein fold is demonstrated. These results provide compelling experimental support for a plausible evolutionary pathway of symmetric protein architecture via gene duplication and fusion processes.
Janjai, Serm
2010-09-15
In order to investigate a potential use of concentrating solar power technologies and select an optimum site for these technologies, it is necessary to obtain information on the geographical distribution of direct normal solar irradiation over an area of interest. In this work, we have developed a method for estimating direct normal irradiation from satellite data for a tropical environment. The method starts with the estimation of global irradiation on a horizontal surface from MTSAT-1R satellite data and other ground-based ancillary data. Then a satellite-based diffuse fraction model was developed and used to estimate the diffuse component of the satellite-derived global irradiation. Based on this estimated global and diffuse irradiation and the solar radiation incident angle, the direct normal irradiation was finally calculated. To evaluate its performance, the method was used to estimate the monthly average hourly direct normal irradiation at seven pyrheliometer stations in Thailand. It was found that values of monthly average hourly direct normal irradiation from the measurements and those estimated from the proposed method are in reasonable agreement, with a root mean square difference of 16% and a mean bias of -1.6%, with respect to mean measured values. After the validation, this method was used to estimate the monthly average hourly direct normal irradiation over Thailand by using MTSAT-1R satellite data for the period from June 2005 to December 2008. Results from the calculation were displayed as hourly and yearly irradiation maps. These maps reveal that the direct normal irradiation in Thailand was strongly affected by the tropical monsoons and local topography of the country. (author)
Ayala-RincÃ³n, Mauricio
An Operational Characterization of (lazy) Strong Normalization UnB 2006 - p. 1/16 An Operational Characterization of (lazy) Strong Normalization Luca Paolini and Simona Ronchi Della Rocca UniversitÃ di Torino-by-value characterization of (lazy) -strong normalization q Problem 1: -Calculus q The Result 1 q Logical Characterization q
Distinct p53 genomic binding patterns in normal and cancer-derived human cells
Botcheva K.; McCorkle S. R.; McCombie W. R.; Dunn J. J.; Anderson C. W.
2011-12-15
We report here genome-wide analysis of the tumor suppressor p53 binding sites in normal human cells. 743 high-confidence ChIP-seq peaks representing putative genomic binding sites were identified in normal IMR90 fibroblasts using a reference chromatin sample. More than 40% were located within 2 kb of a transcription start site (TSS), a distribution similar to that documented for individually studied, functional p53 binding sites and, to date, not observed by previous p53 genome-wide studies. Nearly half of the high-confidence binding sites in the IMR90 cells reside in CpG islands, in marked contrast to sites reported in cancer-derived cells. The distinct genomic features of the IMR90 binding sites do not reflect a distinct preference for specific sequences, since the de novo developed p53 motif based on our study is similar to those reported by genome-wide studies of cancer cells. More likely, the different chromatin landscape in normal, compared with cancer-derived cells, influences p53 binding via modulating availability of the sites. We compared the IMR90 ChIPseq peaks to the recently published IMR90 methylome1 and demonstrated that they are enriched at hypomethylated DNA. Our study represents the first genome-wide, de novo mapping of p53 binding sites in normal human cells and reveals that p53 binding sites reside in distinct genomic landscapes in normal and cancer-derived human cells.
Simple, Robust and Accurate Head-Pose Tracking Using a Single Camera
Ward, Koren
low-cost head-pose tracking system developed. Furthermore, our system is robust and re- quiresSimple, Robust and Accurate Head-Pose Tracking Using a Single Camera Simon Meers, Koren Ward of the head in real time is finding increasing application in avionics, virtual reality, augmented reality
Regret Testing: A Simple Payoff-Based Procedure for Learning Nash Equilibrium
George, Edward I.
Regret Testing: A Simple Payoff-Based Procedure for Learning Nash Equilibrium DEAN P. FOSTER aspiration learning models, whose period-by- period behavior comes arbitrarily close to Nash equilibrium employ a rule from this class their period-by-period strategic behavior approximates Nash equilibrium
A simple scatter correction method for dual energy contrast-enhanced digital breast tomosynthesis
A simple scatter correction method for dual energy contrast-enhanced digital breast tomosynthesis Brook, NY USA 11794 ABSTRACT Dual-Energy Contrast Enhanced Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DE-CE-DBT) has: digital breast tomosynthesis, scatter correction, dual energy, contrast enhanced, mammography. 1
A simple model of the resistive wall mode in tokamaks Richard Fitzpatrick
Fitzpatrick, Richard
A simple model of the resistive wall mode in tokamaks Richard Fitzpatrick Citation: Physics of feedback stabilization of resistive wall modes in a tokamak plasma Phys. Plasmas 15, 022501 (2008); 10 rotation in a cylindrical tokamak Phys. Plasmas 10, 187 (2003); 10.1063/1.1527042 Physics and control
Regression Benchmarking with Simple Middleware Benchmarks Lubomr Bulej1,2
Regression Benchmarking with Simple Middleware Benchmarks Lubomír Bulej1,2 , Tomás Kalibera1 , Petr.tuma}@mff.cuni.cz Abstract The paper introduces the concept of regression benchmarking as a variant of regression testing fo- cused at detecting performance regressions. Applying the regression benchmarking in the area of middle
A simple model of cooling neutron stars with superfluid cores: comparison with observations
A simple model of cooling neutron stars with superfluid cores: comparison with observations K.Petersburg, Russia \\Lambday Abstract Cooling of neutron stars (NSs) with superfluid cores is simulated taking into account neutrino emission pro duced by Cooper pairing of nucleons. Two cooling regimes of NSs composed
%POWER: A SIMPLE MACRO FOR POWER AND SAMPLE SIZE CALCULATIONS Kristin R. Latour
Friendly, Michael
%POWER: A SIMPLE MACRO FOR POWER AND SAMPLE SIZE CALCULATIONS Kristin R. Latour Abstract Statisticians often desire to investigate the power of statistical effect tests, or to estimate the sample size required to provide a significant effect test. This paper describes the macro POWER which provides
Apprciation simple de la maturit des composts urbains en relation avec leurs effets sur la pro-
Boyer, Edmond
Appréciation simple de la maturité des composts urbains en relation avec leurs effets sur la pro54500 Vandceuvre RÉSUMÉ Des composts prélevés dans différentes usines après divers temps de maturation de composts jeunes, puis cet effet s'atténue et devient même positif après plusieurs mois de
Characterization of Mixing in a Simple Paddle Mixer Using Experimentally Derived Velocity Fields
Bollt, Erik
1 Characterization of Mixing in a Simple Paddle Mixer Using Experimentally Derived Velocity Fields to the cylinder wall. The mixing average within the entire tank was found to be largely independent of the blade-scale motion in the flow. Batch mixers, similar to food mixers, are a primary method for the processing of many
Human lightness perception is guided by simple assumptions about reflectance and lighting
Murray, Richard
Human lightness perception is guided by simple assumptions about reflectance and lighting Richard F 0009, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M3J 1P3 ABSTRACT Lightness constancy is the remarkable ability of human successful approaches to understanding lightness perception that have developed along independent paths
Gaussian packet prestack depth migration. Part 3: Simple 2-D models
Cerveny, Vlastislav
Gaussian packet prestack depth migration. Part 3: Simple 2-D models V#19;aclav Bucha Department Republic, E-mail: bucha@seis.karlov.m#11;.cuni.cz Summary Gaussian packet prestack depth migration is used. Keywords Gaussian packets, Gaussian beams, prestack depth migration, Gabor transform, 2-D velocity model
2. Some simple models of fluid flow: exact solutions of the N-S equation
Read, Peter L.
2. Some simple models of fluid flow: exact solutions of the N-S equation To construct mathematical. Boundary conditions: fluid comes to rest at the walls z = ±h (`no-slip' condition, since flow is viscous flow remains rectilinear (`laminar'). If Re Recrit, turbulence usually sets in: We say
On the notion of laminar and weakly turbulent elementary fluid flows: a simple mathematical model
Gianluca Argentini
2006-08-28
An elementary analytical fluid flow is composed by a geometric domain, a list of analytical constraints and by the function which depends on the physical properties, as Reynolds number, of the considered fluid. For this object, notions of laminar or weakly turbulent behavior are described using a simple mathematical model.
Deterministic and Probabilistic Simple Model for Single Pile Behavior under Lateral Truck Impact
Mirdamadi, Alireza
2014-06-03
In this study a simple and fast method and computational code to analyze the behavior of a single post under a vehicle impact for any soil type, any vehicle mass, any truck velocity and any post size is developed. The final ...
SimpleMonitorUSBXPress User Guide Tobi Delbruck, tobi@ini.phys.ethz.ch
Delbruck, Tobi
SimpleMonitorUSBXPress User Guide Tobi Delbruck, tobi@ini.phys.ethz.ch Allows monitoring AER over at the University of Sevilla and the second by Tobi Delbruck at INI in Zurich. The firmware and host code is written. Last modified 8/20/2005 Under subversion https://svn.ini.unizh.ch/repos/avlsi/CAVIAR/wp5/USBAER
A simple numerical model of the apparent loss of eddy current conductivity due to surface roughness
Nagy, Peter B.
A simple numerical model of the apparent loss of eddy current conductivity due to surface roughness of eddy current conductivity has been suggested as a possible means to allow the nondestructive evaluation, the path of the eddy current must follow a more tortuous route in the material, which produces a reduction
Congestion Analysis during Outage, Congestion Treatment and Outage Recovery for simple GPRS networks
Firenze, Università degli Studi di
Congestion Analysis during Outage, Congestion Treatment and Outage Recovery for simple GPRS overlap- ping. In particular, we consider that one of the two cells is affected by an outage and we some network resources become suddenly un- available due to malfunctions. The occurrence of an outage
Basic Notions Main Theorems Voting Systems Proofs Summary Two Simple Ways to Rig an Election
Ponomarenko, Vadim
Basic Notions Main Theorems Voting Systems Proofs Summary Two Simple Ways to Rig an Election;Basic Notions Main Theorems Voting Systems Proofs Summary Outline Basic Notions Main Theorems Voting Systems Proofs Summary #12;Basic Notions Main Theorems Voting Systems Proofs Summary Basics Candidates, C
A simple optics experiment to engage students in scientific inquiry Eugenia Etkina
PlaninÂ?iÃ¨, Gorazd
#12;A simple optics experiment to engage students in scientific inquiry Eugenia Etkina Rutgers, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia Michael Vollmer Microsystem and Optical Technologies, University of Applied for facilitating student exploration relating to optics. We also explain the formal physics behind the phenomena
Carbon Footprint and the Management of Supply Chains: Insights from Simple Models
Benjaafar, Saifallah
Carbon Footprint and the Management of Supply Chains: Insights from Simple Models Saif Benjaafar1-making that accounts for both cost and carbon footprint. We examine how the values of these parameters as well or shareholders, are undertaking initiatives to reduce their carbon footprint. However, these initiatives have
Robust and Efficient Covering of Unknown Continuous Domains with Simple, Ant-Like
Bruckstein, Alfred M.
want to cover (or clean or search or paint) a connected domain in R2 simple robots having effectors (or that a domain was covered by the (team of) robots if each and every point of the domain was swept by a robot effector. In fact, every time we want to build an automatic machine suitable for applications such as floor
A simple bioclogging model that accounts for spatial spreading of bacteria
Demaret, Laurent
A simple bioclogging model that accounts for spatial spreading of bacteria HJ Eberla , L Demaretb is presented that accounts for spatial expansion of the bacterial popu- lation in the soil. The bacteria move harmful environ- mental factors and mechanical washout. Naturally occurring bacteria are a major
J. Mol. Biol. (1996) 259, 988994 Local Interactions Dominate Folding in a Simple
Unger, Ron
1996-01-01
Unger1,2 * and John Moult2 Recent computational studies of simple models of protein folding have1 Press Limited Keywords: protein folding; lattice models; local interactions*Corresponding author Introduction What are the dominant contributions guiding the process of protein folding? The short life
A simple model for evolution of proteins towards the global minimum of free energy
Unger, Ron
in a simple model of protein folding. Results: Three possible evolutionary processes are explored. First can be achieved. The assumption that proteins fold to a conformation which is in the global minimum sequences that can find the global minimum [5]. In computer science terms this means that `protein folding
A simple artificial light-harvesting dyad as a model for excess energy dissipation in
van Stokkum, Ivo
A simple artificial light-harvesting dyad as a model for excess energy dissipation in oxygenic September 29, 2005) Under excess illumination, plant photosystem II dissipates excess energy through as an acceptor of Pc excitation energy, thereby shortening its singlet excited-state lifetime. The conjugation
Cycling Through a Dangerous Network: A Simple Efficient Strategy for Black Hole Search
Santoro, Nicola
Cycling Through a Dangerous Network: A Simple Efficient Strategy for Black Hole Search Stefan@scs.carleton.ca Abstract In this paper we consider a dangerous process located at a node of a network (called Black Hole ) and a team of mobile agents deployed to locate that node. The nature of the danger is such that when an agent
Computers and Chemical Engineering 31 (2007) 712721 Optimal operation of simple refrigeration cycles
Skogestad, Sigurd
2007-01-01
of freedom; the compressor power, the heat transfer in the condenser, the heat transfer in the evaporator sub-cooling is optimal. For a simple ammonia cycle, sub-cooling gives savings in compressor power cycles Part I: Degrees of freedom and optimality of sub-cooling Jørgen Bauck Jensen, Sigurd Skogestad
A Simple Method To Improve the Clarity and Rheological Properties of Polymer/Clay
Raghavan, Srinivasa
of Standards & Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 ABSTRACT We present a simple method to improve. INTRODUCTION P olymer nanocomposites made by mixing thermo- plastic polymers with clay particles have been applications. The one property of polymers/plastics that is adversely impacted by the addition of clay
The Effect of Topography on Storm-Track Intensity in a Relatively Simple General Circulation Model
Son, Seok-Woo
The Effect of Topography on Storm-Track Intensity in a Relatively Simple General Circulation Model The effect of topography on storm-track intensity is examined with a set of primitive equation model flow impinging on the topography. If the background flow consists of a weak double jet, higher
A Simple and Intuitive Graphical Approach to the Design of Thermoelectric Cooling Systems
A Simple and Intuitive Graphical Approach to the Design of Thermoelectric Cooling Systems Simon, thermoelectric active cooling systems can help maintain electronic devices at a desired temperature condition for calculating the steady-state operational point of a TEC based active cooling system, including the heatsink
Simple Estimation of Prevalence of Hortonian Flow in New York City Watersheds
Walter, M.Todd
Simple Estimation of Prevalence of Hortonian Flow in New York City Watersheds M. Todd Walter, M of the prevalence of infiltration excess runoff i.e., Hortonian flow for undeveloped areas within New York City NYC of the primary controls on saturation excess runoff, especially in the New York City NYC watersheds. Saturation
Thermal Signature: A Simple Yet Accurate Thermal Index for Floorplan Optimization
Sapatnekar, Sachin
Thermal Signature: A Simple Yet Accurate Thermal Index for Floorplan Optimization ABSTRACT evaluation should be done extremely fast with high accuracy. A new thermal index, named thermal signature's function and power density in- tegrated over space. The correlation coefficient between thermal signature
RAINBOW RAMSEY SIMPLE STRUCTURES NATASHA DOBRINEN, CLAUDE LAFLAMME, AND NORBERT SAUER
Dobrinen, Natasha
RAINBOW RAMSEY SIMPLE STRUCTURES NATASHA DOBRINEN, CLAUDE LAFLAMME, AND NORBERT SAUER Abstract. A relational structure R is rainbow Ramsey if for every finite in- duced substructure C of R and every that certain ultrahomogenous binary relational structures, for example the Rado graph, are rainbow Ramsey. Via
J. Number Theory 124(2007), no. 1, 5761. SIMPLE ARGUMENTS ON CONSECUTIVE POWER RESIDUES
Sun, Zhi-Wei
2007-01-01
J. Number Theory 124(2007), no. 1, 5761. SIMPLE ARGUMENTS ON CONSECUTIVE POWER RESIDUES Zhi-Wei Sun Department of Mathematics, Nanjing University Nanjing 210093, People's Republic of China zwsun: (i) If n is the least positive kth power non-residue modulo a positive integer m, then the greatest
A short and simple explanation of how oil is converted into gasoline and then brought to
A short and simple explanation of how oil is converted into gasoline and then brought to you Blending [Step 5] DiSTRibuTiON [Step 6] CONSumER uSE #12;3 SOuRCES 1 The most common method of obtaining the products produced from this petroleum, gasoline represents about half of the total product volume
Shamir, Ron
SIMPLE CONFLUENTLY PERSISTENT CATENABLE LISTS. HAIM KAPLAN #3; , CHRIS OKASAKI y , AND ROBERT E-ended queues (deques) with catenation. A series of papers [2, 4] culminated in the work of Kaplan and Tarjan a worst-case constant time and space bound for any deque operation, including catenation. The Kaplan
Simple piezoelectric-actuated mirror with 180 kHz servo bandwidth
for a piezoelectric transducer (PZT). The actuator should be very useful in a wide variety of applications requiringSimple piezoelectric-actuated mirror with 180 kHz servo bandwidth Travis C. Briles1,, Dylan C. Yost.briles@colorado.edu Abstract: We present a high bandwidth piezoelectric-actuated mirror for length stabilization of an optical
Jet-like circulations occur in the `simple' geometries of gas planets and Earth's
#12;Jet-like circulations occur in the `simple' geometries of gas planets and Earth's liquid to barotropize jets => life cycles of BC instability. large-scale PV gradients act as source of eddy entrophy The Jet Stream Conundrum Baldwin, Rhines, Huang & McIntyre, Nature 2007 #12;For Earth's oceans, density
Configuration of Smart Environments Made Simple Combining Visual Modeling with Semantic Metadata, Belgium Abstract--We present an approach that combines semantic metadata and reasoning with a visual' environment (e.g., smart thermostats) or provide relevant contextual information (e.g., motion sensors
A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification
Miller, Dale
A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification 19104Â6389 USA Abstract: It has been argued elsewhere that a logic programming language with function variables and -abstractions within terms makes a good meta-programming language, especially when an object-language
A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification
Miller, Dale
A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification 19104-6389 USA Abstract: It has been argued elsewhere that a logic programming language with function variables and ~-abstractions within terms makes a good meta-programming language, especially when
A Logic Programming Language with LambdaAbstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification
Miller, Dale
A Logic Programming Language with LambdaÂAbstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification 19104--6389 USA Abstract: It has been argued elsewhere that a logic programming language with function variables and â??Âabstractions within terms makes a good metaÂprogramming language, especially when an objectÂlanguage
Simple and scalable response prediction for display advertising OLIVIER CHAPELLE, Criteo
Rosales, Rómer E.
A Simple and scalable response prediction for display advertising OLIVIER CHAPELLE, Criteo EREN predictions tasks in display advertising. We present in this paper a machine learning framework based on logistic regression that is specifically designed to tackle the specifics of display advertising
A SIMPLE CLOSURE APPROXIMATION FOR SLOW DYNAMICS OF A MULTISCALE SYSTEM: NONLINEAR AND
Abramov, Rafail
A SIMPLE CLOSURE APPROXIMATION FOR SLOW DYNAMICS OF A MULTISCALE SYSTEM: NONLINEAR response, multiscale systems, nonlinear coupling AMS subject classifications. 37M, 37N 1. Introduction slow and fast variables of the system. Many closure methods were designed for multiscale dynamical
Paper O.1.4.2 -1 -A SIMPLE TOOL FOR SIMULATION OF GROUND SOURCE HEAT
Paper O.1.4.2 - 1 - A SIMPLE TOOL FOR SIMULATION OF GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS Jeffrey D developed a number of ground heat exchanger models for use in simulation of ground source heat pump systems. Nevertheless, there are many situations where an easy to use hourly simulation of a ground source heat pump
Reachable Sets for Some Simple Models of the Car's Motion Andrey Fedotov
Turova, Varvara
Reachable Sets for Some Simple Models of the Car's Motion Andrey Fedotov Institute of Mathematics¨unchen, Germany e-mail: turova@ma.tum.de 1. The simplest car dynamics written in dimensionless variables are x problem for car dy- namics (1). Also, the main theorem [2], p. 515, of the paper by L. E. Dubins (1957
Pulse shaping of transversely excited atmospheric CO2 laser using a simple plasma shutter
Harilal, S. S.
Pulse shaping of transversely excited atmospheric CO2 laser using a simple plasma shutter Noah December 2008; accepted 20 January 2009; published online 3 March 2009 The pulse from a transversely applications because it decreases the average power of the laser pulse. We employ a pinhole plasma shutter
Static and dynamic length scales in a simple glassy plaquette model Robert L. Jack,1
Berthier, Ludovic
Static and dynamic length scales in a simple glassy plaquette model Robert L. Jack,1 Ludovic manuscript received 6 April 2005; published 5 July 2005 We study static and dynamic spatial correlations representation where spins are mapped to plaquette variables. We study the interplay between nontrivial static
Simple Quantum Model of Learning Explains the Yerkes-Dodson Law in Psychology
E. D. Vol
2012-02-09
We propose the simple model of learning based on which we derive and explain the Yerkes-Dodson law - one of the oldest laws of experimental psychology. The approach uses some ideas of quantum theory of open systems (QTOS) and develops the method of statistical description of psychological systems that was proposed by author earlier.
A Simple Stand Growth Model Based on Canopy Dynamics and Biomechanics
Cao, Quang V.
A Simple Stand Growth Model Based on Canopy Dynamics and Biomechanics Thomas J. Dean, Mauricio be expressed in terms of wind drag. From this point of view, biomechanical principles determine the stem cross in a developing stand, biomechanics create a conceptual framework for predicting aboveground stem production
A Simple Control Scheme for Near-optimal Operation of Parallel Heat Exchanger Systems
Skogestad, Sigurd
A Simple Control Scheme for Near-optimal Operation of Parallel Heat Exchanger Systems Johannes J) N-7491 Trondheim, Norway Abstract For heat exchanger networks with stream splits, we present for systems with logarithmic mean temperature difference as driving force. Keywords: Heat exchanger networks
A Simple Strategy for Optimal Operation of Heat Exchanger V. LERSBAMRUNGSUK1
Skogestad, Sigurd
A Simple Strategy for Optimal Operation of Heat Exchanger Networks V. LERSBAMRUNGSUK1 , S for optimal operation of heat exchanger networks. Optimal operation in this context requires that 1) all of heat exchanger networks are analyzed and used to identify if the operation is structurally feasible
A. Pierens; J. -M. Huré
2003-12-19
There is apparently a widespread belief that the gravitational field (and subsequently the rotation curve) ``inside'' razor-thin, axially symmetric disks can not be determined accurately from elliptic integrals because of the singular kernel in the Poisson integral. Here, we report a simple and powerful method to achieve this task numerically using the technique of ``density splitting''.
A Simple Recipe for EM Update Equations Philip Resnik, University of Maryland
Daume III, Hal
A Simple Recipe for EM Update Equations Philip Resnik, University of Maryland resnik@umd.edu 1 at conveying the intuitions, provides a useful recipe for deriving the update equations used in training, and gives an example of the recipe in action. In this document, we will talk about the use of EM in cases
It's not simple which is why the University of Houston is facing the challenge head on.
Glasser, Adrian
-45, hosts the University's cutting edge energy research and academic programs. The energy crisis is our kind of crisis. UH ENERGY #12;UH.EdU/EnERgy Marathon Oil Schlumberger Technology Vinson & ElkinsIt's not simple which is why the University of Houston is facing the challenge head on. UH Energy
Direct Monte Carlo simulation of chemical reaction systems: Simple bimolecular reactions
Anderson, James B.
Direct Monte Carlo simulation of chemical reaction systems: Simple bimolecular reactions Shannon D and understanding the behavior of gas phase chemical reaction systems. This Monte Carlo method, originated by Bird. Extension to chemical reactions offers a powerful tool for treating reaction systems with nonthermal
Degrees of freedom and optimal operation of simple heat pump cycles
Skogestad, Sigurd
Degrees of freedom and optimal operation of simple heat pump cycles Jørgen Bauck Jensen and Sigurd in the opposite direction, the "heat pump", has recently become pop- ular. These two applications have also merged of performance for a heating cycle (heat pump) and a cooling cycle (refrigerator, A/C) are defined as COPh = Qh
Control and optimal operation of simple heat pump cycles Jrgen B. Jensen and Sigurd Skogestad
Skogestad, Sigurd
Control and optimal operation of simple heat pump cycles Jørgen B. Jensen and Sigurd Skogestad cycle. Keywords: Operation, heat pump cycle, cyclic process, charge, self-optimizing control 1. The coefficients of performance for a heating cycle (heat pump) and a cooling cycle (re- frigerator, A
A Simple Asymptotically Optimal Joint Energy Allocation and Routing Scheme in Rechargeable
1 A Simple Asymptotically Optimal Joint Energy Allocation and Routing Scheme in Rechargeable Sensor problem for a sensor network with energy replenishment. Each sensor node consumes energy in its battery of the optimum. Through simulations with replenishment profile traces for solar and wind energy, we numerically
A simple real-word error detection and correction using local word bigram and trigram
A simple real-word error detection and correction using local word bigram and trigram Pratip bbcisical@gmail.com Abstract Spelling error is broadly classified in two categories namely non word error and real word error. In this paper a localized real word error detection and correction method is proposed
A Simple and Highly Sensitive Colorimetric Detection Method for Gaseous Formaldehyde
Suslick, Kenneth S.
A Simple and Highly Sensitive Colorimetric Detection Method for Gaseous Formaldehyde Liang Feng 116023, P. R. China Received December 8, 2009; E-mail: ksuslick@illinois.edu Formaldehyde is widely used of such materials, however, occurs surprisingly readily from urea-formaldehyde foam insulation, particle board
Simple Extractors for All MinEntropies and a New Pseudorandom Generator #
Shaltiel, Ronen
from a distribution with sufficiently high minentropy and a short random seed produces an output generator'' is an algorithm that given a short random seed produces a long output that is computationallySimple Extractors for All MinEntropies and a New Pseudorandom Generator # Ronen Shaltiel
Lyapunov Exponents of a Simple Stochastic Model of the Thermally and Wind-Driven Ocean Circulation
Monahan, Adam Hugh
Lyapunov Exponents of a Simple Stochastic Model of the Thermally and Wind-Driven Ocean Circulation, then the leading Lyapunov exponent of the circulation can become positive for sufficiently strong fluctuations of the leading Lyapunov exponent can have a substantial effect on the predictability of the system. 1 #12
Transformational Dec~npost~on z A Simple Description of an
Transformational Dec~nposÂ£t~on z A Simple Description of an Algorithm for Transformational (decomposition) of English sentences, our purpose here is not to discuss the transformational theoryj the full of transformational analysis. Â·This work was carried out in the Transformations and Discourse Analysis Projectj
Shen, Kai
Failure-Atomic msync(): A Simple and Efficient Mechanism for Preserving the Integrity of Durable the integrity of application data across updates is difficult if power outages and system crashes may oc- cur- atomic msync() commits changes to a memory-mapped file atomically, even in the presence of failures. Our
Pictures: A simple structured graphics model Sigbjorn Finne and Simon Peyton Jones,
Jones, Simon Peyton
Pictures: A simple structured graphics model Sigbjorn Finne and Simon Peyton Jones, Department, or pictures, are represented as values that functions can manipuÂ late and inspect to create new values. Complete pictures are constructed by repeatedly composing such picture values together using picture com
Lithium Enolates of Simple Ketones: Structure Determination Using the Method of Continuous Variation
Collum, David B.
Lithium Enolates of Simple Ketones: Structure Determination Using the Method of Continuous of continuous variation in conjunction with 6Li NMR spectroscopy was used to characterize lithium enolates,N,N,N-tetramethylethylenediamine and cubic tetramers in tetrahydrofuran and 1,2-dimethoxyethane. Introduction Lithium enolates are used
SSP: A Simple Software Process for Small-Size Software Development Projects
Guerrero, Luis
SSP: A Simple Software Process for Small- Size Software Development Projects Sergio F. Ochoa1 number of software development projects in Latin- America countries are small-size, poorly defined development projects in Chile are information systems of small or medium size (1-2 months or 3-6 months) [17
A simple model for nanofiber formation by rotary jet-spinning Paula Mellado,1,2
Mahadevan, L.
A simple model for nanofiber formation by rotary jet-spinning Paula Mellado,1,2 Holly A. McIlwee,1 of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Wyss Institute of Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University) Nanofibers are microstructured materials that span a broad range of applications from tissue engineering
A simple classification tool for single-trial analysis of ERP components Christoph Bandt1
Bandt, Christoph
A simple classification tool for single-trial analysis of ERP components Christoph Bandt1 , Mathias: Single trial analysis of ERP components Corresponding author: Prof. Christoph Bandt Institute-mail: bandt@uni-greifswald.de #12;Single trial analysis of ERP components 2 Abstract Event-related potentials
Reaction-time binning: A simple method for increasing the resolving power of ERP averages
Poli, Riccardo
Reaction-time binning: A simple method for increasing the resolving power of ERP averages RICCARDO-locked, response-locked, and ERP-locked averaging are effective methods for reducing artifacts in ERP analysis. However, they suffer from a magnifying-glass effect: they increase the resolution of specific ERPs
Mining Association Rules of Simple Conjunctive Queries Bart Goethals Wim Le Page
Antwerpen, Universiteit
Mining Association Rules of Simple Conjunctive Queries Bart Goethals Wim Le Page University of Antwerp, Belgium Heikki Mannila HIIT, Helsinki University of Technology University of Helsinki Abstract We present an algorithm for mining association rules in ar- bitrary relational databases. We define
A Simple Way to Estimate the Cost of Downtime David A. Patterson
California at Berkeley, University of
techniques to reduce the consequences of operator error. Improving dependability and lowering cost if products that use them are more expensive and the subsequent benefits cannot be quantified by lower cost1 A Simple Way to Estimate the Cost of Downtime David A. Patterson Computer Science Division
A Simple and Efficient Algorithm for High-Quality Line Labeling
Utrecht, Universiteit
, namely polygonal chains, such as rivers or streets. Our method is simple and efficient. At the same time requirements: it allows curved labels and runs in O(n2 ) time, where n is the number of points of the polyline the hard constraints. In order to optimize soft constraints, we use one or a combination of several
Formal and Precise Derivation of the Green Functions for a Simple Potential
2 + V (r) #19; #27;(r; E) = E#27;(r; E) ; (1.4) as their basic source of information. The di#11Formal and Precise Derivation of the Green Functions for a Simple Potential R. de la Madrid #3;yz March 15, 2001 Abstract In formal scattering theory, Green functions are obtained as solutions of a dis
A Simple Energy Model for the Harvesting and Leakage in a Supercapacitor
Ingram, Mary Ann
energy future. In this paper, we present a circuit- based model (CBM), which is a good fit of storage medium, the supercapcitor (SC), offers an attractive alternative. SCs do not hold as much energyA Simple Energy Model for the Harvesting and Leakage in a Supercapacitor Aravind Kailas Dept
A Simple Biomass-Based Length-Cohort Analysis for Estimating Biomass and Fishing Mortality
A Simple Biomass-Based Length-Cohort Analysis for Estimating Biomass and Fishing Mortality CHANG IK, Washington 98115, USA Abstract.--A biomass-based length-cohort analysis (LCA) was examined for its performance in estimating total stock biomass and fishing mortality (F) for a population in equilibrium. We
Permanent shadow in simple craters near the lunar poles D. Ben J. Bussey,1
Spudis, Paul D.
Permanent shadow in simple craters near the lunar poles D. Ben J. Bussey,1 Paul G. Lucey,1 Donovan, 7500 km2 and 6500 km2 , for the north and south pole respectively. These values were obtained, to investigate the size and latitudinal extent of permanently shadowed regions near the lunar poles. Craters
The Specific Heat of Normal, Degenerate Quark Matter: Non-Fermi Liquid Corrections
Daniel Boyanovsky; H. J. de Vega
2001-02-26
In normal degenerate quark matter, the exchange of dynamically screened transverse gluons introduces infrared divergences in the quark self-energies that lead to the breakdown of the Fermi liquid description. If the core of neutron stars are composed of quark matter with a normal component, cooling by direct quark Urca processes may be modified by non-Fermi liquid corrections. We find that while the quasiparticle density of states is finite and non-zero at the Fermi surface, its frequency derivative diverges and results in non-Fermi liquid corrections to the specific heat of the normal, degenerate component of quark matter. We study these non-perturbative non-Fermi liquid corrections to the specific heat and the temperature dependence of the chemical potential and show that these lead to a reduction of the specific heat.