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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Temperature Normals/Extremes-August - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-August Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

2

Temperature Normals/Extremes-October - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-October Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

3

Temperature Normals/Extremes-April - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-April Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

4

Temperature Normals/Extremes-July - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-July Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

5

Temperature Normals/Extremes-May - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-May Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

6

Temperature Normals/Extremes-December - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-December Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

7

Temperature Normals/Extremes-March - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-March Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

8

Temperature Normals/Extremes-September - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-September Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

9

Temperature Normals/Extremes-November - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-November Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

10

Temperature Normals/Extremes-June - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-June Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

11

Temperature Normals/Extremes-February - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-February Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

12

Temperature Normals/Extremes-January - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-January Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

13

AT 351 Lab 3: Seasons and Surface Temperature (Ch. 3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an important role in an area's local vertical temperature distribution. Below, Figure 1 shows the verticalAT 351 Lab 3: Seasons and Surface Temperature (Ch. 3) Question #1: Seasons (20 pts) A. In your own words, describe the cause of the seasons. B. In the Northern Hemisphere we are closer to the sun during

Rutledge, Steven

14

Seasonal temperature variations and energy demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical study of the relationship between residential energy demand and temperature. Unlike previous studies in this ... different regions and to the contrasting effects on energy demand ...

Enrica De Cian; Elisa Lanzi; Roberto Roson

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Solar: annual and seasonal average direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Direct Normal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images obtained from 1995 to 2002

16

Improving Seasonal Forecast Skill of North American Surface Air Temperature in Fall Using a Postprocessing Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A statistical postprocessing approach is applied to seasonal forecasts of surface air temperatures (SAT) over North America in fall, when the original uncalibrated predictions have little skill. The data used are ensemble-mean seasonal forecasts ...

XiaoJing Jia; Hai Lin; Jacques Derome

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Statistical Downscaling Multimodel Forecasts for Seasonal Precipitation and Surface Temperature over the Southeastern United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study compared two types of approaches to downscale seasonal precipitation (P) and 2-m air temperature (T2M) forecasts from the North American Multimodel Ensemble (NMME) over the states of Alabama, Georgia, and Florida in the southeastern ...

Di Tian; Christopher J. Martinez; Wendy D. Graham; Syewoon Hwang

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Seasonal photosynthate partitioning in Stenotaphrum secundatum as influenced by temperature and nitrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL PHOTOSYNTHATE PARTITIONING IN ~dt t A d t AS INFLUENCED BY TEMPERATURE AND NITROGEN A Thesis by GARY RUSSELL FORRESTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Agronomy SEASONAL PHOTOSYNTHATE PARTITIONING IN ~dt t t d t AS INFLUENCED BY TEMPERATURE AND NITROGEN A Thesis by GARY RUSSELL FORRESTER Approved as to style and content by: James B. Beard...

Forrester, Gary Russell, 1958-

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Ocean acoustic thermometry and the seasonal cycle of temperature in the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With several years of long?range (several Mm) acoustic propagation data obtained during the Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate (ATOC) and North Pacific Acoustic Laboratory (NPAL) projects the seasonal cycle of oceantemperature in the North Pacific can be examined. Acoustic transmissions have been made from a source located off the northern Californian coast and from a source located north of Kauai HI to several receivers of opportunity located in the North Pacific Basin. The acoustic data are a high signal?to?noise measure of large?scale temperature with excellent temporal resolution. Although only a few realizations of the seasonal cycle are available it is clear that inter? and intraannual variabilities are large contributions to the time series with signal amplitudes comparable to the seasonal cycle. Such variabilities are likely advective in origin. The time scales for some of the changes in temperature are short sometimes of order weeks. Not all available acoustic paths are suitable for assessing the seasonal cycle however. Near Hawaii the acoustic sampling does not extend to the near?surface waters so seasonal variations there are not measured. The acoustic results will be compared to measures of the seasonal cycle by satellite altimetry profiling floats and the ECCO numerical ocean model.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Diurnal-seasonal and weather-related variations of land surface temperature observed from geostationary satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diurnal-seasonal and weather-related variations of land surface temperature observed from geostationary satellites Konstantin Y. Vinnikov,1 Yunyue Yu,2 M. K. Rama Varma Raja,3 Dan Tarpley,2 and Mitchell geostationary satellites, GOES-8 and GOES-10, are presented as a sum of time-dependent expected value (diurnal

Vinnikov, Konstantin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Room Temperature Control During Season Switchover with Single Duct Variable Air Volume System Without Reheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of VAV boxes to maintain room temperature at their setpoints. The thermostat action is switched from direct acting (DA) to reverse acting (RA) when the season changes from fall to winter and vice versa from winter to spring, based on the out side air...

Liu, C.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Bruner, H.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Temperature dependence of the structure of Langmuir films of normal-alkanes on liquid mercury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature dependence of the structure of Langmuir films of normal-alkanes on liquid mercury H phase behavior of Langmuir films of n-alkanes CH3(CH2)n 2CH3 , denote Cn on mercury was studied surface normal, alkanes on mercury are always oriented surface parallel and show no long-range in

Ocko, Ben

23

Current transport along the [001] axis of YBCO in low-temperature superconductor-normal metal-high-temperature superconductor heterostructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electrophysical properties of heterojunctions several microns in size, obtained by successive deposition of the metal-oxide high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3Ox..., a normal metal Au, and the low-temperature

F. V. Komissinskii; G. A. Ovsyannikov

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Impact of Atmosphere and Land Surface Initial Conditions on Seasonal Forecasts of Global Surface Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of land surface and atmosphere initialization on the forecast skill of a seasonal prediction system is investigated, and an effort to disentangle the role played by the individual components to the global predictability is done, via a ...

Stefano Materia; Andrea Borrelli; Alessio Bellucci; Andrea Alessandri; Pierluigi Di Pietro; Panagiotis Athanasiadis; Antonio Navarra; Silvio Gualdi

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF NORMAL EMISSION PHOTOELECTRON DIFFRACTION AND ANALOGIES WITH EXAFS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The temperature dependence of normal-emission photoelectron diffraction (NPD) of the prototype adsorbate-substrate system Se-Ni (001) was studied. Two interesting observations emerged. Thermal diffuse scattering yielded a decreasing peak-to-valley contrast ratio in NPD with increasing temperature characterized by an effective temperature {Theta}{sub eff} {approx} 135 K. Also, a new low-temperature form of p(2 x 2) selenium structure was observed, with d{sub {perpendicular}} estimated to be larger by {approx}(0.06-0.1) {angstrom} than the room-temperature form. The new form, which is probably undissociated H{sub 2}Se, is apparent through a systematic NPD peak shift reminiscent of extended x-ray-absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra. It is noted that NPD, though usually associated with low-energy-electron diffraction, in fact has strong similarities to EXAFS. This is particularly evident in the importance of an extended k-space data set and in the temperature sensitivity.

Kevan, S.D.; Tobin, J.G.; Rosenblatt, D.H.; Davis, R.F.; shirley, D.A.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-58 LAKE SUPERIOR COOLING SEASON TEMPERATURE CLIMATOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and extreme temperatures over period of record. Table 51. Summary of Lake Superior, area 8, temperature period of record. Table 51. Summary of Lake Superior, area 11, temperature climatology and extreme profiles. Survey route and lake area locations. Mean survey temperature climatology and stages in cooling

27

Spatial patterns in seasonal and interannual variability of chlorophyll and sea surface temperature in the California Current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Bight, where upwelling winds are less vigorous and/or persistent. Seasonality along south]. Basin-scale oceanic and atmospheric processes modify patterns of physical forcing and biological

Thomas, Andrew

28

The Assessment and Calibration of Ensemble Seasonal Forecasts of Equatorial Pacific Ocean Temperature and the Predictability of Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We evaluate the performance of two 44 year ensemble seasonal hindcast time series for the Nino3 index produced as part of the DEMETER project. We show that the ensemble mean carries useful information out to six months. The ensemble spread, however, only carries useful information out to four months in one of the models, and two months in the other.

Jewson, S; Hagedorn, Rolf; Jewson, Stephen; Doblas-Reyes, Francisco; Hagedorn, Renate

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Predicting the impact of climate change on regional and seasonal abundance of the mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) using temperature-driven phenology model linked to GIS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is a highly invasive and polyphagous pest of global incidence. The fundamental hypothesis of the present study was that the temperature variations due to global climate change may affect seriously the future distribution and abundance of P. solenopsis, which might further aggravate the crop yield losses. We employed a temperature-based phenology model of P. solenopsis in a geographic information system for mapping population growth potentials of P. solenopsis. The three risk indices viz., establishment risk index, generation index and activity index were computed using interpolated temperature data from worldclim database for current (2000) and future (2050) climatic conditions. The daily minimum and maximum temperature data from four selected weather stations in India were used for analysing within-year variation of pest population. A linear relationship was established between the activity indices and yield losses at various locations reported in literatures for predicting the future trend of yield loss due to climate change. The results revealed that, under current temperature conditions P. solenopsis can complete >4.0 generations per year on ?80% of the global cotton production areas. Economic losses are likely to occur in areas where at least 8.0 generations can develop in a year; under current climate ?40% areas fall under this category. The increased geographical suitability at higher latitudes in cotton production areas, additional 2.0 generations per year, and 4.0 fold increase of population abundance of P. solenopsis are expected in tropical and sub-tropical cotton areas of Brazil, South Africa, Pakistan and India due to predicted climate change. Analysis of within year population increase at various selected locations in India revealed that, P. solenopsis attained maximum potential population increase during the major cotton growing season (MayJune to OctoberNovember). On the other hand, the innate ability of P. solenopsis population to increase reduced considerably during off season and cooler winter months. The increased pest activity of P. solenopsis due to climate change may intensify the losses in cotton yield, with forecasted losses in India to increase from existing losses of million US$ 1217.10 to future losses of million US$ 1764.85 by the year 2050. Here, we illustrate the possible impact of climate change on future P. solenopsis exacerbation based on temperature-driven population studies, which will help in undertaking agro-ecoregion specific management strategies.

Babasaheb B. Fand; Henri E.Z. Tonnang; Mahesh Kumar; Santanu K. Bal; Naveen P. Singh; D.V.K.N. Rao; Ankush L. Kamble; Dhananjay D. Nangare; Paramjit S. Minhas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

The effects of temperature and soil moisture on the germination and emergence of three perennial warm season grasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

t paratxures, Ruat Narfa 4L4 not 4ifferentiate between the tesxptkratme zeglxsea isxpoaa4 ~ xn cane bluestsss, ~530 continwa4 to ~ hibit vexxy low gerxLination at all texsperatures 4-866:qersxinat hetter at 15 -25' or 20'-30 C than at the otheX(' teaperatax..., three lines within each of three species, were compared for their ability to gersLinate at various taaperature ranges and to emerge from soil sub)ected to various combinations of temperature and moisture i' ll c f the grasses germina ted and emerged...

Ohlenbusch, Paul Dietrich

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

31

The algebraic spin liquid of a possible model description for the normal state of underdoped high temperature superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16 years and counting ... In 1986 Bednorz and Muller discovered the layered perovskite structure (La - Ba)2Cu04 which showed the phenomenon of superconductivity at the unprecedented high temperature of Tc = 33 K. In the ...

Rantner, Walter, 1973-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Temperature and concentration dependences of the electrical resistivity for alloys of plutonium with americium under normal conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The temperature and concentration dependences of the electrical resistivity for alloys of americium with plutonium are analyzed in terms of the multiband conductivity model for binary disordered substitution-type alloys. For the case of high temperatures (T > {Theta}{sub D}, {Theta}{sub D} is the Debye temperature), a system of self-consistent equations of the coherent potential approximation has been derived for the scattering of conduction electrons by impurities and phonons without any constraints on the interaction intensity. The definitions of the shift and broadening operator for a single-electron level are used to show qualitatively and quantitatively that the pattern of the temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity for alloys is determined by the balance between the coherent and incoherent contributions to the electron-phonon scattering and that the interference conduction electron scattering mechanism can be the main cause of the negative temperature coefficient of resistivity observed in some alloys involving actinides. It is shown that the great values of the observed resistivity may be attributable to interband transitions of charge carriers and renormalization of their effective mass through strong s-d band hybridization. The concentration and temperature dependences of the resistivity for alloys of plutonium and americium calculated in terms of the derived conductivity model are compared with the available experimental data.

Tsiovkin, Yu. Yu., E-mail: y.tsiovkin@mail.ustu.ru; Povzner, A. A.; Tsiovkina, L. Yu. [Eltsin Ural Federal University (Russian Federation); Dremov, V. V. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-Zababakhin All-Russian Research Institute of Technical Physics (Russian Federation); Kabirova, L. R.; Dyachenko, A. A.; Bystrushkin, V. B.; Ryabukhina, M. V. [Eltsin Ural Federal University (Russian Federation); Lukoyanov, A. V.; Shorikov, A. O. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Division, Institute of Metal Physics (Russian Federation)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Tantalum and vanadium response to shock-wave loading at normal and elevated temperatures. Non-monotonous decay of the elastic wave in vanadium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The evolution of the elastic precursor waves in pure tantalum and vanadium is presented at normal and elevated temperatures over propagation distances that ranged from 0.125 to 3?mm. Measurements were performed in order to obtain experimental data about the temperature-rate dependence of the yield stress of the two metals. With increasing propagation distance, the rate of the decay of elastic precursor decreases, as the shear stress in the elastic precursor wave approaches the Peierls stresses. It has been found that the decay, with propagation distance, of the post-spike minimum of the spike-like elastic precursor wave in vanadium is essentially non-monotonous. The experiments also revealed that annealing of tantalum and vanadium increases their Hugoniot elastic limit. The anomalous increase of the high strain rate yield stress with temperature, as observed earlier for some FCC and HCP metals, has not been detected in these measurements.

Zaretsky, E. B. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ben Gurion University, 84105 Beer Sheva (Israel); Kanel, G. I. [Joint Institute for High Temperatures RAS, Izhorskaya 13, bld.2, 125412 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

34

Seasonal Average Temperature - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Station Real Time Met Data from Around the Site Current HMS Observations Daily HMS Extremes in Met Data Met and Climate Data Summary Products Historical Weather Charts Contacts...

35

St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but has a high tolerance for shade-season grass. It does best in full sun and high temperatures. Goes dormant and turns brown in winter. Very

Ishida, Yuko

36

Oxygen isotope analysis of multiple, single ostracod valves as a proxy for combined variability in seasonal temperature and lake water oxygen isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Paleoclimate studies in lakes typically use oxygen isotopic ratios in samples that consist of multiple ostracod specimens, to obtain an average ?18O value that reflects the mean temperature and ?18O of lake water...

Yama Dixit; David A. Hodell; Rajiv Sinha; Cameron A. Petrie

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Seasonal thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the following: (1) the US Department of Energy Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program, (2) aquifer thermal energy storage technology, (3) alternative STES technology, (4) foreign studies in seasonal thermal energy storage, and (5) economic assessment.

Allen, R.D.; Kannberg, L.D.; Raymond, J.R.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Livestock Seasonal Price Variation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal price movements can be measured and used to help in marketing livestock. This publication includes 10-year seasonal price indexes for several livestock categories, and explains how to interpret and use the information....

Davis, Ernest E.; Sartwelle III, James D.; Mintert, James R.

1999-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

39

Intertie Open Season  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improvement (CBPI) Customer Forum Energy Imbalance Market Generator Interconnection Reform Implementation Intertie Initiatives Intertie Open Season Transmission Utilization...

40

Seasonal Tropical Cyclone Predictions Using Optimized Combinations of ENSO Regions: Application to the Coral Sea Basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines combining ENSO sea surface temperature (SST) regions for seasonal prediction of Coral Sea tropical cyclone (TC) frequency. The Coral Sea averages ~4 TCs per season, but is characterized by strong interannual variability, with 1...

Hamish A. Ramsay; Michael B. Richman; Lance M. Leslie

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Seasonal Landscape Maintenance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Landscape Maintenance Oklahoma State University, in compliance with Title VI and VII State University's Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture and Oklahoma Cooperative to dry between watering allows plants to develop stronger, deeper roots. However, some landscape plants

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

42

Temperature Normals/Extremes - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Extremes Hanford Meteorological Station Real Time Met Data from Around the Site Current HMS Observations Daily HMS Extremes in Met Data Met and Climate Data Summary Products...

43

Four seasons of giving  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kurt's Column Kurt's Column Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Four seasons of giving We value a culture of giving and appreciate our employees' on-going volunteerism throughout Northern New Mexico and even nationwide. January 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives. Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email We value a culture of giving and appreciate our employees' on-going volunteerism throughout Northern New Mexico and even nationwide. So, as the Lab, its employees, and retirees wrap up this year's season, I'm happy to say this is not our only time of giving. Programs such as our Science Education Community Service Time efforts mean that whenever school is in

44

Seasonal variations and environmental control of water use efficiency in subtropical plantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To understand the seasonal variations of water use efficiency (WUE) of coniferous plantation in the ... and normal climatic condition in 2004). The water stress influenced WUE greatly, which caused a...

Xia Song; Girimi Yu; Yunfen Liu; Xiaomin Sun

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Seasonal Tips | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seasonal Tips Seasonal Tips Seasonal Tips January 23, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis Amanda McAlpin I've often wished I lived in one of those fabulous places where it's 72 degrees and sunny year-round. But unfortunately, most of us don't. And to stay comfortable, we need heat and hot coffee in the winter, and air-conditioning and lemonade in the summer. Luckily, part of the Energy Savers site is dedicated to helping us save energy during all four seasons. Bring up the dedicated Energy Savers seasonal website and learn great ways to reduce your energy bill. Tips range from small changes you can make immediately, such as closing your drapes, to information on modifications you can make to your home for even larger benefits. There is even information on assistance for energy-savings improvements to your home.

46

Rates of Convergence of Extremes from Skew Normal Samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a standard skew-normal distribution with shape parameter R (written as X SN()) if its probability density); population structure of Schima superba in Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve (Liu et al., 2011); rain); modeling of seasonal rainfall in Africa (Siebert and Ward, 2011); modeling of HIV viral loads

Sidorov, Nikita

47

Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2008  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 2008 Atlantic hurricane season is summarized and the years tropical cyclones are described. Sixteen named storms formed in 2008. Of these, eight became hurricanes with five of them strengthening into major hurricanes (category 3 or higher on ...

Daniel P. Brown; John L. Beven; James L. Franklin; Eric S. Blake

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 683 of 711 Go Back Full quadratic form associated with a surface. #12;Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 684 of 711 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit The component g is called the geodesic

Gallier, Jean

49

Active hurricane season expected to shut-in higher amount of oil and natural gas production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Active hurricane season expected to shut-in higher amount of Active hurricane season expected to shut-in higher amount of oil and natural gas production An above-normal 2013 hurricane season is expected to cause a median production loss of about 19 million barrels of U.S. crude oil and 46 billion cubic feet of natural gas production in the Gulf of Mexico, according to the new forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. That's about one-third more than the amount of oil and gas production knocked offline during last year's hurricane season. Government weather forecasts predict 13 to 20 named storms will form between June and the end of November, with 7 to 11 of those turning into hurricanes. Production outages in previous hurricane seasons were as high as 107 million barrels of crude oil

50

SHIAH, FUH-KWO, AND HUGH W. DUCKLOW. Temperature ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bay is seldom limited by in situ substrate supply but rather by temperature during nonsummer seasons. ... factors which control these patterns, and to test.

1999-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

51

U.S. Daily Temperatures: The Meaning of Extremes in the Context of Nonnormality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Variations in extreme daily temperatures are explored in relation to changes in seasonal mean temperature using 1218 high-quality U.S. temperature stations spanning 19002012. Extreme temperatures are amplified (or damped) by as much as 50% ...

P. Huybers; K. A. McKinnon; A. Rhines; M. Tingley

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

CHAPTER XVI - TIME SERIES: SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the seasonal fluctuations in time series. Seasonal variations are defined either to be studied separately ormore oftento be removed, thus, allowing concentrating on the remaining variation. If the annual data are not strongly influenced by trend movements or cyclical changes, it is possible to compare seasonal data usuallymonthly data with averages not adjusted for trend and express them as percentages of these averages. In reality, the amplitude and period of seasonal movements vary in most cases from year to year, being affected by seasonal as well as by cyclical, random, and other nonseasonal factors. The averages, expressed in percentages, thus obtained are preliminary seasonal indexes. Seasonal indices based on the fitting of curves to monthly ratios, expressed as percentages, to moving averages are called moving seasonal indexes.

ISAAC PAENSON

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

How to Construct a Seasonal Index  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For many crops, seasonality is often the dominant factor influencing prices within a single production period. This publication explains how to construct and use several kinds of seasonal indexes for crop marketing information....

Tierney Jr., William I.; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.

1999-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

54

Document Normalization Revisited Abdur Chowdhury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for fundamentally different document collections. We recomputed the normalization for the web track and obtainedDocument Normalization Revisited Abdur Chowdhury America Online Reston, Virginia chowdhury Pivoted Document Length Normalization has reached a point of stability where many researchers

Chowdhury, Abdur

55

2D and 3D Dense-Fluid Shear Flows via Nonequilibrium Molecular Dynamics. Comparison of Time-and-Space-Averaged Tensor Temperature and Normal Stresses from Doll's, Sllod, and Boundary-Driven Shear Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Homogeneous shear flows (with constant strainrate du/dy) are generated with the Doll's and Sllod algorithms and compared to corresponding inhomogeneous boundary-driven flows. We use one-, two-, and three-dimensional smooth-particle weight functions for computing instantaneous spatial averages. The nonlinear stress differences are small, but significant, in both two and three space dimensions. In homogeneous systems the sign and magnitude of the shearplane stress difference, P(xx) - P(yy), depend on both the thermostat type and the chosen shearflow algorithm. The Doll's and Sllod algorithms predict opposite signs for this stress difference, with the Sllod approach definitely wrong, but somewhat closer to the (boundary-driven) truth. Neither of the homogeneous shear algorithms predicts the correct ordering of the kinetic temperatures, T(xx) > T(zz) > T(yy).

Wm. G. Hoover; Carol G. Hoover; Janka Petravic

2008-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

56

Nebraska Preparing for the Upcoming Heating Season  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Drivers * Crops Proactive Moves Heating Season Preparations by Nebraska Dealers * Contracting a bigger percentage of the amount of propane or heating oil that they estimate...

57

Influenza Seasonality: Underlying Causes and Modeling Theories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sporadic localized outbreaks. Such cases...mathematical models (31, 68...climates, flu infections...epidemics and outbreaks occur in tropical...seasonality. Flu season is characterized...dissemination model poses intriguing...accurately predict the incidence...respiratory syndrome outbreak at the Amoy...

Eric Lofgren; N. H. Fefferman; Y. N. Naumov; J. Gorski; E. N. Naumova

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

58

Regimes of the North Australian Wet Season  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The variability of the north Australian wet season is examined by performing cluster analysis on the wind and thermodynamic information contained in the 2300 UTC radiosonde data at Darwin for 49 wet seasons (SeptemberApril) from 1957/58 to 2005/...

Mick Pope; Christian Jakob; Michael J. Reeder

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Document Normalization Revisited Cosine Pivoted Document Length Normalization has  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

submitted results to the TREC-10 web track. 2. Calibrating the Slope for Ad Hoc Task Using pivoted documentDocument Normalization Revisited Abstract Cosine Pivoted Document Length Normalization has reached for the document collection degrades average precision by as much as 20%. 1. Introduction The cosine measure

60

ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF ANNUAL ICE CYCLE 1. Fall Cooling 2. Ice Formation 3. Ice Thickness 4. Seasonal Maximum Ice Cover 5ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA R.A. Assel and J describes an interactive menu- driven computer tutorial on the contemporary ice cover climatology

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Microsoft Word - S08364_SeasonalVariation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Groundwater Groundwater Constituents and Seasonal Variation at the Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site February 2012 LMS/RVT/S08364 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Evaluation of Groundwater Constituents and Seasonal Variation, Riverton, Wyoming February 2012 Doc. No. S08364 Page 1 Evaluation of Groundwater Constituents and Seasonal Variation at the Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site Executive Summary Historical groundwater monitoring at the Riverton site included collecting samples for a variety of analyses, including general water quality, inorganics, metals, and radionuclides. Evaluations of these constituents were conducted and presented in past documents, which resulted in four constituents of concern (COCs). This paper presents a reevaluation of 47 constituents using

62

Propane: A Mid-heating Season Assessment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9, 2001 9, 2001 Propane - A Mid-Heating Season Assessment by David Hinton and Alice Lippert, Petroleum Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration In early October 2000, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecast that heating fuel markets would be expected to start the season with much higher prices and lower inventories than in recent years. While this assessment was true for both the heating oil and natural gas markets, propane markets actually began the season with adequate supplies but with high prices. Since EIA's forecast, propane inventories have plunged nearly 20 million barrels from their peak during the first half of the 2000-01 heating season while propane prices have continued to soar even higher than expected during this same period. This report will analyze some

63

On the Seasonality of the Hadley Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The annual march of the climatological mean meridional circulations (MMCs) in the NCEPNCAR reanalyses is dominated by two components of roughly comparable mean-squared amplitude: 1) a seasonally invariant pair of Hadley cells with rising ...

Ioana M. Dima; John M. Wallace

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Thermal springs associated with normal faults in Utah have been analyzed for major cations and anions, and oxygen and hydrogen isotopes. Springs with measured temperatures averaging greater than 40°C are characterized by Na + K- and SO4 + Cl-rich waters containing 103 to 104 mg/l of dissolved solids. Lower temperature springs, averaging less than 40°C, are more enriched in Ca + Mg relative to Na + K. Chemical variations monitored through time in selected thermal springs are probably produced by

65

Water temperature sensitivity of EOD waveform in Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanisms that trigger the onset of the breeding season depend on geographical latitude. At the edge of Gymnotiform distribution in America, variations in day length and water temperature are likely cues...

A. Silva; L. Quintana; M. Galeano; P. Errandonea

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

NOVA Making Stuff Season 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the course of four weeks in fall 2013, 11.7 million Americans tuned in to PBS to follow host David Pogue as he led them in search of engineering and scientific breakthroughs poised to change our world. Levitating trains, quantum computers, robotic bees, and bomb-detecting plantsthese were just a few of the cutting-edge innovations brought into the living rooms of families across the country in NOVAs four-part series, Making Stuff: Faster, Wilder, Colder, and Safer. Each of the four one-hour programs gave viewers a behind-the-scenes look at novel technologies poised to change our worldshowing them how basic research and scientific discovery can hold the keys to transforming how we live. Making Stuff Season 2 (MS2) combined true entertainment with educational value, creating a popular and engaging series that brought accessible science into the homes of millions. NOVAs goal to engage the public with such technological innovation and basic research extended beyond the broadcast series, including a variety of online, educational, and promotional activities: original online science reporting, web-only short-form videos, a new online quiz-game, social media engagement and promotion, an educational outreach toolkit for science educators to create their own makerspaces, an online community of practice, a series of nationwide Innovation Cafs, educator professional development, a suite of teacher resources, an Idealab, participation in national conferences, and specialized station relation and marketing. A summative evaluation of the MS2 project indicates that overall, these activities helped make a significant impact on the viewers, users, and participants that NOVA reached. The final evaluation conducted by Concord Evaluation Group (CEG) confidently concluded that the broadcast, website, and outreach activities were successful at achieving the projects intended impacts. CEG reported that the MS2 series and website content were successful in raising awareness and sparking interest in innovation, and increased public awareness that basic research leads to technological innovation; this interest was also sustained over a six month period. Efforts to create an online community of practice were also successful: the quality of collaboration increased, and community members felt supported while using Maker pedagogy. These findings provide clear evidence that large-scale science media projects like MS2 are an effective means of moving the needle on attitudes about and excitement for science. NOVAs broadcast audience and ratings have always indicated that a large portion of the population is interested in and engages with educational science media on a weekly basis. Yet these evaluation results provide the empirical evidence that beyond being capable of attracting, maintaining, and growing a dedicated group of citizens interested in science, these showswith their diverse content provided on a variety of media channelsare capable of sparking new interest in science, raising public awareness of the importance of science, and maintaining and growing that interest over time. In a country where approximately a quarter of the population doesnt know the earth rotates around the sun,1 roughly half still dont accept evolution,2 and about 20% dont think climate change is happening,3 the importance of these findings cannot be overstated. The success of MS2 suggests that large-scale media projects dedicated to and linked by coverage of scientific big ideas are an effective means of shifting public opinion onand improving understanding ofscience. REFERENCES 1, 2 National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators (2014). Chapter 7: Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Understanding. 3 Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., Feinberg, G., & Rosenthal, S. (2014) Climate change in the American mind: April, 2014. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.

Leombruni, Lisa; Paulsen, Christine Andrews

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

67

Nutritional Correlates of the "Lean Season": Effects of Seasonality and Frugivory on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy intakes, though season had an independent effect. These results suggest that factors restricting, Bronx, NY 6 Department of Anthropology, Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, NY 7 New to understand 1) how macronutrient and energy intakes vary seasonally, including whether these intakes respond

Rothman, Jessica M.

68

Causes and Implications of Extreme Atmospheric Moisture Demand during the Record-Breaking 2011 Wildfire Season in the Southwestern United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2011, exceptionally low atmospheric moisture content combined with moderately high temperatures to produce a record-high vapor pressure deficit (VPD) in the southwestern United States (SW). These conditions combined with record-low cold-season ...

A. Park Williams; Richard Seager; Max Berkelhammer; Alison K. Macalady; Michael A. Crimmins; Thomas W. Swetnam; Anna T. Trugman; Nikolaus Buenning; Natalia Hryniw; Nate G. McDowell; David Noone; Claudia I. Mora; Thom Rahn

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

direct normal | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal normal Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below

70

Normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3{prime} noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. 4 figs.

Soares, M.B.; Efstratiadis, A.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

72

Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner October 20, 2010 - 10:31am Addthis Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability As temperatures start to drop Americans around the country are pulling out their flannel sheets, putting the storm windows back on, and switching their air conditioning units with heaters. These transformations have an impact on the way our nation uses our energy resources, particularly heating fuels. Since 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) have held an annual Winter Fuels Outlook Conference to provide the energy community with information on global and

73

Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner October 20, 2010 - 10:31am Addthis Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability As temperatures start to drop Americans around the country are pulling out their flannel sheets, putting the storm windows back on, and switching their air conditioning units with heaters. These transformations have an impact on the way our nation uses our energy resources, particularly heating fuels. Since 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) have held an annual Winter Fuels Outlook Conference to provide the energy community with information on global and

74

Temperature dependence of the lower critical field and strong pinning in high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show, within the framework of the Ginzburg-Landau theory, that both the conventional and the anomalous temperature dependence of the lower critical field observed in high-temperature superconductors may result from the flux penetration through a set of separated microdefects. Microdefects modeled by normal layers with proximity-induced superconductivity can produce drastic enhancement of the lower critical field at low temperatures and can provide strong-pinning centers. The pinning interaction between an isolated vortex and the normal layer is primarily magnetic at high temperatures. At low temperatures, magnetic interaction is reduced, due to the increase of the normal-layer coherence length.

Dragomir Davidovi? and Ljiljana Dobrosavljevi?-Gruji?

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Normalization of Process Safety Metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D ........................................................................................................... 90 APPENDIX E ............................................................................................................ 98 VITA... are usually more than the product of workforce numbers and the work hours per worker. This action certainly degrades the precision of normalized incident rates. Moreover, this denominator only reflects limited and unspecified process information. New...

Wang, Mengtian

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

76

What's in Season from the Garden State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the system. New Jersey is deficient in a distribution mechanism which respects and embraces seasonality or restaurants or have refrigerated trucks for deliveries. What the New Jersey wholesale produce distribution it with Jersey and bridge the gap in the system: Gaurino Sons Produce and Zone 7. Guarino Sons Produce Long

Goodman, Robert M.

77

1, 681707, 2004 Seasonal P cycling in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recycling that takes place in the water10 column. The DOP concentration exhibits two peaks during a seasonal the POP content decreases. This indicates two periods of increased phosphorus recycling activity The southern bight of the North Sea receives nutrients from domestic, industrial and agricultural wastewater

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

78

Response of California temperature to regional anthropogenic aerosol  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Response of California temperature to regional anthropogenic aerosol Response of California temperature to regional anthropogenic aerosol changes Title Response of California temperature to regional anthropogenic aerosol changes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Novakov, Tihomir, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Surabi Menon, and Jeffery Aguiar Journal Geophysical Research Letters Volume 35 Issue 19 Abstract In this paper, we compare constructed records of concentrations of black carbon (BC) - an indicator of anthropogenic aerosols - with observed surface temperature trends in California. Annual average BC concentrations in major air basins in California significantly decreased after about 1990, coincident with an observed statewide surface temperature increase. Seasonal aerosol concentration trends are consistent with observed seasonal temperature trends. These data suggest that the reduction in anthropogenic aerosol concentrations contributed to the observed surface temperature increase. Conversely, high aerosol concentrations may lower surface temperature and partially offset the temperature increase of greenhouse gases.

79

Pressure &Pressure & TemperatureTemperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer toprobe to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer toprobe to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer toprobe to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer to measure air temperature.measure air temperature.measure air temperature.measure air temperature

California at Santa Cruz, University of

80

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting Seasonal Prediction · POAMA · Issues for future Outline #12;Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Major source Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program El Nino Mean State · Easterlies westward surface current upwelling

Lim, Eun-pa

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Original article Belowground biomass seasonal variation in two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Belowground biomass seasonal variation in two Neotropical savannahs (Brazilian March 2001) Abstract ­ The belowground biomass of two types of ecosystems, frequently burned open by flotation and sieving. Belowground biomass showed significant seasonal variation, values being higher during

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

82

The Seasonal Cycle over the United States and Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The annual cycle occupies a unique position in the spectra of meteorological time series. This cycle and its first three harmonics are extracted from the series as a seasonal cycle. The distributions of the annual and seasonal cycles are studied ...

Vernon E. Kousky; S. Srivatsangam

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Reduce Waste and Save Energy this Holiday Season | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Reduce Waste and Save Energy this Holiday Season Reduce Waste and Save Energy this Holiday Season December 5, 2014 - 9:55am Addthis Wrap your gifts with recycled paper to reduce...

84

Managing Warm-season Improved Pastures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, west of a line from Corpus Christi through San Antonio to Fort Worth, rainfall is greatly reduced year round and spring calving is preferred. The rainfall pattern in this area corresponds to for- age production as shown in Fig. 1. Spring calving... season corresponds to better forage quality and quantity in native rangeland and improved pastures. Because improved small grain pastures must be irrigated in many areas of west Texas, the cost of producing improved winter forages for cow-calf op...

Stichler, Charles; Prostko, Eric P.; Livingston, Stephen

1998-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

85

Influences on seasonal ski worker intention to return and indicators and standards of quality for seasonal ski jobs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCF. August 2002 Major Subject: Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences INFLUENCES ON SEASONAL SKI WORKER INTENTION TO RETURN AND INDICATORS AND STANDARDS OF QUALiTY FOR SEASONAL SKI JOBS A Thesis By MATTHEW D... 'Lear (He c of partment) August 2002 Major Subject: Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences ABSTRACT Influences on Seasonal Ski Worker Intention to Return and Indicators and Standards of Quality for Seasonal Ski Jobs. (August 2002) Matthew D. Ismert...

Ismert, Matthew D

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

86

Managing Milk Composition: Normal Sources of Variation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many factors influence the composition of milk, including environment, level of production, stage of lactation, disease, season, and genetics and age of the animal. This publication explains the effect of each....

Stokes, Sandra R.; Jordan, Ellen R.; Looper, Mike; Waldner, Dan

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

87

Estimation of changes in energy consumption for heat supply due to interannual temperature variability in the south of the Ukraine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of low-frequency variability of average over the heating season air temperature on population demands in heat supply is considered. Based on monthly mean temperature values for the period from 18...

A. Kh. Degterev; L. N. Degtereva

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A Bayesian approach to forecast intermittent demand for seasonal products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the forecasting of a large fluctuating seasonal demand prior to peak sale season using a practical time series, collected from the US Census Bureau. Due to the extreme natural events (e.g. excessive snow fall and calamities), sales may not occur, inventory may not replenish and demand may set off unrecorded during the peak sale season. This characterises a seasonal time series to an intermittent category. A seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA), a multiplicative exponential smoothing (M-ES) and an effective modelling approach using Bayesian computational process are analysed in the context of seasonal and intermittent forecast. Several forecast error indicators and a cost factor are used to compare the models. In cost factor analysis, cost is measured optimally using dynamic programming model under periodic review policy. Experimental results demonstrate that Bayesian model performance is much superior to SARIMA and M-ES models, and efficient to forecast seasonal and intermittent demand.

Mohammad Anwar Rahman; Bhaba R. Sarker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Seasonal Drought in the Greater Horn of Africa and Its Recent Increase during the MarchMay Long Rains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides a review of atmospheric circulation and sea surface temperature (SST) conditions that are associated with meteorological drought on the seasonal time scale in the Greater Horn of Africa (the region 10S15N, 3052E). New ...

Bradfield Lyon

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Effects of Season and Host Physiological State on the Diversity, Density, and Activity of the Arctic Ground Squirrel Cecal Microbiota  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...EM and GC Burton. 1970. The effect of hibernation on the caecal...CL and BM Barnes. 2000. Effects of ambient temperature on metabolic...bioinformatics/btp636 . 29. Price, MN , PS Dehal and AP Arkin...squirrels: a strong litter effect across the first active season...

Timothy J. Stevenson; Khrystyne N. Duddleston; C. Loren Buck

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

91

Seasonal variations of D/H and 13C/12C ratios of microbial methane in surface sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... CLB is a small, partially enclosed marine basin located on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Sulphate-reduction and methanogenesis drive the ... cm per yr)13 organic-rich (3-5% organic carbon)14 sediments of the bight interior (Station A-l)5. Seasonal variation in temperature, and possibly organic matter ...

Roger A. Burke; Christopher S. Martens; William M Sackett

1988-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

92

ACCLIMATION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RESPIRATION TO INCREASING TEMPERATURES IN TREES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCLIMATION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RESPIRATION TO INCREASING TEMPERATURES IN TREES by JASON ERIC in mean growing season temperature. This allowed us to determine whether net photosynthesis and dark rates of net photosynthesis were similar among seedlings when compared to their respective mean site

Teskey, Robert O.

93

Aquifer thermal energy storage costs with a seasonal heat source.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost of energy supplied by an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system from a seasonal heat source was investigated. This investigation considers only the storage of energy from a seasonal heat source. Cost estimates are based upon the assumption that all of the energy is stored in the aquifer before delivery to the end user. Costs were estimated for point demand, residential development, and multidistrict city ATES systems using the computer code AQUASTOR which was developed specifically for the economic analysis of ATES systems. In this analysis the cost effect of varying a wide range of technical and economic parameters was examined. Those parameters exhibiting a substantial influence on ATES costs were: cost of purchased thermal energy; cost of capital; source temperature; system size; transmission distance; and aquifer efficiency. ATES-delivered energy costs are compared with the costs of hot water heated by using electric power or fuel-oils. ATES costs are shown as a function of purchased thermal energy. Both the potentially low delivered energy costs available from an ATES system and its strong cost dependence on the cost of purchased thermal energy are shown. Cost components for point demand and multi-district city ATES systems are shown. Capital and thermal energy costs dominate. Capital costs, as a percentage of total costs, increase for the multi-district city due to the addition of a large distribution system. The proportion of total cost attributable to thermal energy would change dramatically if the cost of purchased thermal energy were varied. It is concluded that ATES-delivered energy can be cost competitive with conventional energy sources under a number of economic and technical conditions. This investigation reports the cost of ATES under a wide range of assumptions concerning parameters important to ATES economics. (LCL)

Reilly, R.W.; Brown, D.R.; Huber, H.D.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Major Normal Fault Major Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Major Normal Fault Dictionary.png Major Normal Fault: Normal faults are structures in which the hanging wall is down dropped along the fault plane relative to the foot wall. They are the predominant type of structure in extensional tectonic environments, but are commonly encountered in a number of geologic settings. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone

95

Fuel Temperature Coefficient of Reactivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for measuring the fuel temperature coefficient of reactivity in a heterogeneous nuclear reactor is presented. The method, which is used during normal operation, requires that calibrated control rods be oscillated in a special way at a high reactor power level. The value of the fuel temperature coefficient of reactivity is found from the measured flux responses to these oscillations. Application of the method in a Savannah River reactor charged with natural uranium is discussed.

Loewe, W.E.

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

96

Transpiration: Its Effects on Plant Leaf Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Engineering, Purdue University Department of Horticulture, Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana...which is equivalent to normal indoor lighting. Since the air temperature was held...University A. C. LEOPOLD Department of Horticulture, Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana...

G. D. Cook; J. R. Dixon; A. C. Leopold

1964-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Combinatorial Maps with Normalized Knot Dainis ZEPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combinatorial Maps with Normalized Knot Dainis ZEPS Abstract We consider combinatorial maps's normalization doesn't affect combinatorial map what concerns its generality. Knot's normalization leads to more concise numeration of corners in maps, e.g., odd or even corners allow easy to follow distinguished cycles

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

98

SMITH NORMAL FORM AND LAPLACIANS DINO LORENZINI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORM AND LAPLACIANS DINO LORENZINI Abstract. Let M denote the Laplacian matrix of a graph G. Associated with G is a finite group (G), obtained from the Smith normal form of M, and whose /Im(M). This group can be computed in practice using the Smith normal form of M, as follows. Given any

Lorenzini, Dino J.

99

Performance investigation of a solar heating system with underground seasonal energy storage for greenhouse application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study reports the performance of a demonstrated 2304m2 solar-heated greenhouse equipped with a seasonal thermal energy storage system in Shanghai, east China. This energy storage system utilises 4970m3 of underground soil to store the heat captured by a 500m2 solar collector in non-heating seasons through U-tube heat exchangers. During heating seasons, thermal energy is delivered by the heat exchange tubes placed on the plants shelves and the bare soil. The system can operate without a heat pump, which can save electricity consumption and further enhance the solar fraction. It was found that in the first operation year, 331.9GJ was charged, and 208.9GJ was later extracted for greenhouse space heating. No auxiliary heating equipment was installed so that solar energy covered all the heating loads directly or indirectly. It was demonstrated that this system was capable of maintaining an interior air temperature that was 13C higher than the ambient value when the latter temperature was?2C at night. The ECOP (electrical coefficient of performance) of the first operation year was approximately 8.7, indicating a better performance than the common heat pump heating system.

J. Xu; Y. Li; R.Z. Wang; W. Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

101 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last Week Catch A 2,153 6,748 4,595 32% 0 B 5 4,024 4,019 0% 5 Total 2,158 10,772 8,614 20% 5 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season 0 0% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

101 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last Week Catch A 0 6,748 6,748 0% 0 B 0 4,024 4,024 0% 0 Total 0 10,772 10,772 0% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season Total BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last

102

It Just Tastes Better When It's In Season  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i IT JUST TASTES BETTER WHEN IT?S IN SEASON A Dissertation by LAURA NICOLA THOMAS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY May 2012 Major Subject: Nutrition ii It Just Tastes Better When It?s in Season Copyright 2012 Laura Nicola Thomas iii IT JUST TASTES BETTER WHEN IT?S IN SEASON A Dissertation...

Thomas, Laura

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

103

BPA revises policy for managing seasonal power oversupply  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

y-for-managing-seasonal-power-oversupply Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects &...

104

Prediction of regional seasonal fluctuations in precipitation based on chaos theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past decade, the combined effect of flood and drought resulted in the loss of thousands of lives and billions of dollars. Multi season ahead prediction of regional precipitation extremes could significantly reduce losses. However, the evolution of climate is highly sensitive to initial conditions, or chaotic, so practical long term prediction of precipitation in time is impossible. Adding to the difficulty, the climate system is non-stationary; with the energy available to move water and air as tracked by global average surface temperature (GAST) increasing over the last several decades2. Neither purely empirical autoregression, nor global circulation models (GCM) are sufficiently accurate. Here I use statistical methods motivated by chaos theory to predict seasonal fluctuations in regional and local precipitation with high correlation. The change in GAST is accommodated using special runs of a global circulation model to build an initial set of predictive models, while ground data is used to train, co...

LuValle, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Four Seasons Windpower, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windpower, LLC Windpower, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Four Seasons Windpower, LLC Address 1697 Wilbur Road Place Medina, Ohio Zip 44256 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Retail product sales and distribution Phone number 866-412-8346 Website http://www.fswindpower.com Coordinates 41.169146°, -81.7476779° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.169146,"lon":-81.7476779,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

106

Tracing The Largest Seasonal Migration on Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is estimated that over 3.6 billion passengers are travelling during the Chinese Spring Festival travel season. They leave their working cities and return their hometowns to enjoy annual family time, and back to cities after the holiday. In this study, with the massive location-based data collected from millions of smartphone users, we propose a novel method to trace the migration flow and explore the migration patterns of Chinese people. From the temporal perspective, we explore the migration trend over time during a 34-days period, about half a month before and after the Spring Festival. From the spatial perspective, the migration directions and routes are estimated and quantified, and the migration flow is visualized. The spatial range of influence of developed regions could be reflected with the destinations of migration, the migration destinations and originations have obvious characteristic of geographical proximity.

Wang, Xianwen; Mao, Wenli; Hu, Zhigang; Gu, Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A far-infrared emission band attributed to volatile or refractory haze in Titan's stratosphere has been decreasing in intensity since Cassini's arrival in 2004. The 220 cm{sup -1} feature, first seen by the Voyager Infrared Interferometer Spectrometer, has only been found in Titan's winter polar region. The emission peaks at about 140 km altitude near the winter stratospheric temperature minimum. Observations recorded over the period 2004-2012 by the Composite Infrared Spectrometer on Cassini show a decrease in the intensity of this feature by about a factor of four. Possible seasonal causes of this decline are an increase in photolytic destruction of source chemicals at high altitude, a lessening of condensation as solar heating increased, or a weakening of downwelling of vapors. As of early 2012, the 220 cm{sup -1} haze has not yet been detected in the south. The haze composition is unknown, but its decrease is similar to that of HC{sub 3}N gas in Titan's polar stratosphere, pointing to a nitrile origin.

Jennings, Donald E.; Anderson, C. M.; Flasar, F. M.; Cottini, V. [Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Samuelson, R. E.; Nixon, C. A.; Kunde, V. G.; Achterberg, R. K. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); De Kok, R. [SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht (Netherlands); Coustenis, A.; Vinatier, S. [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 92195 Meudon Cedex (France); Calcutt, S. B., E-mail: donald.e.jennings@nasa.gov [Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

108

Seasonal variation of radon concentrations in UK homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The patterns of seasonal variation of radon concentrations were measured in 91 homes in five regions of the UK over a period of two years. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the regions in the pattern or magnitude of seasonal variation in radon concentrations. The arithmetic mean variation was found to be close to that found previously in the UK national survey. Differences in the pattern between the two years of the study were not significant. Two-thirds of homes in the study followed the expected pattern of high radon in the winter and low radon in the summer. Most of the rest showed little seasonal variation, and a few showed a reversed seasonal pattern. The study does not provide any clear evidence for the recorded house characteristics having an effect on the seasonal variation in radon concentrations in UK homes, though the statistical power for determining such effects is limited in this study. The magnitude of the seasonal variation varied widely between homes. Analysis of the individual results from the homes showed that because of the wide variation in the amount of seasonal variation, applying seasonal correction factors to the results of three-month measurements can yield only relatively small improvements in the accuracy of estimates of annual mean concentrations.

J C H Miles; C B Howarth; N Hunter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) P. O. Box 5091 Majorstua, N-0301 Oslo, Norway16 Aug 05 Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1 and L. M. Andreassen2 1 in Norway exists in their profiles of both seasonal balances, winter bw(z) and summer bs(z). Unlike many

Rasmussen, L.A.

110

Seasonal patterns in energy partitioning of two freshwater marsh ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The study period included several wet and dry seasons and variable water levels, allowing us to gain better and affect the magnitude of seasonal change in water levels through water loss as LE (evapotranspiration (ET that produce considerable variation in the hydrologic cycle, affecting nutrient delivery, ecosystem primary

111

SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY AND RESPONSES TO GLOBAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY AND RESPONSES TO GLOBAL WARMING Mxolisi Excellent Shongwe #12;ISBN : 978-90-902-5046-5 #12;SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY;. . . Dedicated to my late father John Mabhensa Shongwe #12;ABSTRACT Climate extremes are rarely occurring natural

Haak, Hein

112

TRENDS: TEMPERATURE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Graphics Digital Data J.R. Petit, D. Raynaud, and C. Lorius Laboratoire de Glaciogie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, CNRS, Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex, France J. Jouzel and G. Delaygue Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE), CEA/CNRS, L'Orme des Merisiers, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France N.I. Barkov Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Beringa Street 38, 199397 St. Petersburg, Russia V.M. Kotlyakov Institute of Geography, Staromonetny, per 29, Moscow 109017, Russia DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.006 Period of Record 420,000 years BP-present Methods Because isotopic fractions of the heavier oxygen-18 (18O) and deuterium (D) in snowfall are temperature-dependent and a strong spatial correlation

113

Seasonal Variations of Snow Depth on Mars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rises above the CO2 condensation temperature, and...and has a lower atmospheric pressure, and as...observations of atmospheric water vapor during some...to be a locus of atmospheric CO2 condensation (12, 25, 26...

David E. Smith; Maria T. Zuber; Gregory A. Neumann

2001-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season August 17, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? First-responder training sessions at the Department help prepare employees for hurricane season and other potential energy-sector emergencies. If you live in a part of the country where hurricanes might cause damage, be sure to have a plan and a kit ready. On June 29, Hurricane Alex became the first hurricane of the 2010 season, and the first Atlantic hurricane to occur as early as June since 1995. The next day, a Department of Energy "energy response team" gathered in Washington, D.C. for the last in a series of first-responder training

115

Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season August 17, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? First-responder training sessions at the Department help prepare employees for hurricane season and other potential energy-sector emergencies. If you live in a part of the country where hurricanes might cause damage, be sure to have a plan and a kit ready. On June 29, Hurricane Alex became the first hurricane of the 2010 season, and the first Atlantic hurricane to occur as early as June since 1995. The next day, a Department of Energy "energy response team" gathered in Washington, D.C. for the last in a series of first-responder training

116

AUGUSTOSAGNOTTI ScuolaNormaleSuperiore-Pisa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JoelScherk,unfisicodell'Eco- le Normale Supérieure di Parigi scomparso prematuramente nel- l'80. La stessa Teoria, creata nel 1968

Abbondandolo, Alberto

117

alla Normale 1_la Scuola 9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

funzione che in Francia viene svolta dalla gemella ?cole Normale Supérieure di Parigi. A questa antica

Abbondandolo, Alberto

118

Conformal Universality in Normal Matrix Ensembles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A remarkable property of Hermitian ensembles is their universal behavior, that is, once properly rescaled the eigenvalue statistics does not depend on particularities of the ensemble. Recently, normal matrix ensembles have attracted increasing attention, however, questions on universality for these ensembles still remain under debate. We analyze the universality properties of random normal ensembles. We show that the concept of universality used for Hermitian ensembles cannot be directly extrapolated to normal ensembles. Moreover, we show that the eigenvalue statistics of random normal matrices with radially symmetric potential can be made universal under a conformal transformation.

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

119

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurement : Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in narrow bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4mum, that comes directly...

120

Environmental, seasonal, and social modulations of basal activity in a weakly electric fish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric organ discharge (EOD) of weakly electric fish encodes information about species, sex, behavioral, and physiological states throughout the lifetime. Its central command is crucial for sensory-motor coordination, and is therefore the target of plastic mechanisms that adapt fish to environmental and social challenges. The EOD waveform of Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus is modulated by environmental factors and the neuroendocrine system. In this study we investigate the effects of water temperature and daynight cycle upon EOD rate in this species during the breeding and non-breeding seasons. During the non-breeding season, EOD rate is a linear function of water temperature and exhibits counterclockwise hysteresis. During breeding, a thermal resistance strategy prevents the decrease of EOD rate to cooling. A nocturnal increase of EOD basal rate independent of water temperature and locomotor activity was demonstrated in isolated non-breeding adults and in malefemale dyads all year round. An additional increase of nocturnal EOD rate, probably acting as a social courtship signal, was found in breeding dyads. This additional increase of nocturnal EOD rate could not be fully explained by gonadal maturation and was modulated by social stimuli. This study provides novel data on the complex interactions between environment, reproductive cycle, social behavior, and electromotor output in an advantageous model of the vertebrate central nervous system.

Ana Silva; Rossana Perrone; Omar Macadar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Extremal unital completely positive normal maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the convex set of unital completely positive normal map on a von-Neumann algebra and find a necessary and sufficient condition for an element in the convex set to be extremal. We also deal with the same problem for the convex subset which admits a faithful normal state.

Anilesh Mohari

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

122

The effect of anthropogenic emissions corrections on the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A previous study (Erickson et al. 2008) approximated the monthly global emission estimates of anthropogenic CO{sub 2} by applying a 2-harmonic Fourier expansion with coefficients as a function of latitude to annual CO{sub 2} flux estimates derived from United States data (Blasing et al. 2005) that were extrapolated globally. These monthly anthropogenic CO{sub 2} flux estimates were used to model atmospheric concentrations using the NASA GEOS-4 data assimilation system. Local variability in the amplitude of the simulated CO{sub 2} seasonal cycle were found to be on the order of 2-6 ppmv. Here we used the same Fourier expansion to seasonally adjust the global annual fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions from the SRES A2 scenario. For a total of four simulations, both the annual and seasonalized fluxes were advected in two configurations of the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) used in the Carbon-Land Model Intercomparison Project (C-LAMP). One configuration used the NCAR Community Land Model (CLM) coupled with the CASA (carbon only) biogeochemistry model and the other used CLM coupled with the CN (coupled carbon and nitrogen cycles) biogeochemistry model. All four simulations were forced with observed sea surface temperatures and sea ice concentrations from the Hadley Centre and a prescribed transient atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentration for the radiation and land forcing over the 20th century. The model results exhibit differences in the seasonal cycle of CO{sub 2} between the seasonally corrected and uncorrected simulations. Moreover, because of differing energy and water feedbacks between the atmosphere model and the two land biogeochemistry models, features of the CO{sub 2} seasonal cycle were different between these two model configurations. This study reinforces previous findings that suggest that regional near-surface atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations depend strongly on the natural sources and sinks of CO{sub 2}, but also on the strength of local anthropogenic CO{sub 2} emissions and geographic position. This work further attests to the need for remotely sensed CO{sub 2} observations from space.

Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL] [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL] [ORNL; Blasing, T J [ORNL] [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Definition: Direct normal irradiance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance (Redirected from Definition:DNI) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct normal irradiance the amount of solar radiation received per unit area by a surface perpendicular (normal) to the rays that come in a straight line from the direction of the sun at its current position in the sky.[1] Also Known As DNI Related Terms Solar radiation, Irradiance, Concentrating solar power, Global horizontal irradiance References ↑ http://www.3tier.com/en/support/glossary/#dni Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Direct_normal_irradiance&oldid=423379" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

124

Normalizing the causality between time series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, a rigorous yet concise formula has been derived to evaluate the information flow, and hence the causality in a quantitative sense, between time series. To assess the importance of a resulting causality, it needs to be normalized. The normalization is achieved through distinguishing three types of fundamental mechanisms that govern the marginal entropy change of the flow recipient. A normalized or relative flow measures its importance relative to other mechanisms. In analyzing realistic series, both absolute and relative information flows need to be taken into account, since the normalizers for a pair of reverse flows belong to two different entropy balances; it is quite normal that two identical flows may differ a lot in relative importance in their respective balances. We have reproduced these results with several autoregressive models. We have also shown applications to a climate change problem and a financial analysis problem. For the former, reconfirmed is the role of the Indian Ocean Dipole as ...

Liang, X San

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Beamline Temperatures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Temperatures Temperatures Energy: 3.0000 GeV Current: 493.2242 mA Date: 11-Jan-2014 21:40:00 Beamline Temperatures Energy 3.0000 GeV Current 493.2 mA 11-Jan-2014 21:40:00 LN:MainTankLevel 124.4 in LN:MainTankPress 56.9 psi SPEAR-BL:B120HeFlow 15.4 l/min SPEAR-BL:B131HeFlow 22.2 l/min BL 4 BL02:LCW 0.0 ℃ BL02:M0_LCW 31.5 ℃ BL 4-1 BL04-1:BasePlate -14.0 ℃ BL04-1:Bottom1 46.0 ℃ BL04-1:Bottom2 47.0 ℃ BL04-1:Lower 32.0 ℃ BL04-1:Moly 46.0 ℃ BL04-1:ChinGuard1 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:ChinGuard2 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:FirstXtalA -167.0 ℃ BL04-1:FirstXtalB -172.0 ℃ BL04-1:Pad1 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:Pad2 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:SecondXtalA -177.0 ℃ BL04-1:SecondXtalB -175.0 ℃ BL 4-2 BL04-2:BasePlate -14.0 ℃ BL04-2:Bottom1 24.0 ℃ BL04-2:Bottom2 25.0 ℃

126

Department of Energy Prepares for Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Prepares for Hurricane Season Prepares for Hurricane Season Department of Energy Prepares for Hurricane Season May 30, 2006 - 10:50am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Director of the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) Kevin Kolevar today outlined a number of steps that the department is taking to prepare for hurricane season in the United States. Last year, Hurricanes Katrina and Rita knocked out electricity to a large portion of the Gulf Coast and damaged a number of oil and gas recovery platforms in the Gulf of Mexico and refineries along the shore. "Electricity and fuel are necessary to sustain the public's health and grow the nation's economy. After a disaster that shuts down energy supplies, the federal government, state and local leaders, and the industry need to

127

Fall: Energy Saving Changes with the Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fall: Energy Saving Changes with the Season Fall: Energy Saving Changes with the Season Fall: Energy Saving Changes with the Season October 18, 2011 - 6:42am Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory I'm sure you've noticed the change in seasons by now. Fall brings cooler weather, and with it my thoughts turn to warm things like putting blankets on the couch, enjoying my fireplace, and adjusting my thermostat (as little as possible, of course). One thing we did over the weekend is we insulated our water heater. Depending on how efficient your water heater tank is, adding insulation can reduce standby heat losses by 25%-45% and save you around 4%-9% in water heating costs. Since water heating contributes an average of 18% to the typical home utility bill, it's definitely worth it to add insulation!

128

NNSA Employees give back this holiday season | National Nuclear Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Employees give back this holiday season | National Nuclear Security Employees give back this holiday season | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA Employees give back this holiday season NNSA Employees give back this holiday season Posted By Office of Public Affairs NNSA celebrates the contributions of the men and women working across the

129

Diurnal Variations of Warm-Season Precipitation over Northern China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the diurnal variations of the warm-season precipitation over northern China using the high-resolution precipitation products obtained from the Climate Prediction Centers morphing technique (CMORPH) during MayAugust of 2003...

Huizhong He; Fuqing Zhang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Oxygen isotope records of carboniferous seasonality on the Russian platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OXYGEN ISOTOPE RECORDS OF CARBONIFEROUS SEASONALITY ON THE RUSSIAN PLATFORM A Thesis by HUAYU WANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1998 Major Subject: Geology OXYGEN ISOTOPE RECORDS OF CARBONIFFROUS SEASONALITY ON THE RUSSIAN PLATFORM A Thesis by HUAYU WANG Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Wang, Huayu

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

values are numbers of fish. Report run on: March 11, 2014 8:28 AM AFA BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 101 IPA,771 4,024 1,253 69% 0 Total 4,140 10,772 6,632 38% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season Total BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last

132

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

values are numbers of fish. Report run on: March 11, 2014 5:05 AM AFA BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 101 IPA,255 4,024 769 81% 0 Total 4,632 10,772 6,140 43% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season Total Catch Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last Week Catch A 609

133

Relationships between Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Eyewall Structure as Determined by Radial Profiles of Inner-Core Infrared Brightness Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radial profiles of infrared brightness temperature for 2405 different satellite observations from 14 western North Pacific tropical cyclones (TCs) from the 2012 season were analyzed and compared to intensity and changes in intensity. Four critical ...

Elizabeth R. Sanabia; Bradford S. Barrett; Caitlin M. Fine

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Dependence of Tropospheric Temperature on the Parameterization of Cumulus Convection in the GLAS Model of the General Circulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analysis of the simulation of seasonal change by the GLAS model of the general circulation reveals deficiencies in the simulation of tropospheric temperature and of convective cloud cover. These interrelated deficiencies are due to a spurious ...

H. Mark Helfand

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Considerable ModelData Mismatch in Temperature over China during the Mid-Holocene: Results of PMIP Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the experiments undertaken by 36 climate models participating in the Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project (PMIP), this study examines annual and seasonal surface temperatures over China during the mid-Holocene. Compared to the ...

Dabang Jiang; Xianmei Lang; Zhiping Tian; Tao Wang

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

North Australian Sea Surface Temperatures and the El NioSouthern Oscillation in the CMIP5 Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aspects of the climate of Australia are linked to interannual variability of the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) to the north of the country. SST anomalies in this region have been shown to exhibit strong, seasonally varying links to ENSO and ...

Jennifer L. Catto; Neville Nicholls; Christian Jakob

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Geographical and seasonal variability of the global practical wind resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper provides global and seasonal estimates of the practical wind power obtained with a 3-D numerical model (GATOR-GCMOM) that dynamically calculates the instantaneous wind power of a modern 5MW wind turbine at 100-m hub height at each time step. Practical wind power is defined as that delivered from wind turbines in high-wind locations (year-average 100-m wind speed?7m/s) over land and near-shore, excluding both polar regions, mountainous, and conflicting land use areas, and including transmission, distribution, and wind farm array losses. We found that seasonal variations in the global practical wind resources are significant. The highest net land plus near-shore capacity factors globally are found during DecemberJanuaryFebruary and the lowest during JuneJulyAugust. The capacity factors in the transitional seasons (MarchAprilMay and SeptemberOctoberNovember) are rather similar to one another in terms of geographical patterns and frequency distributions. The yearly-average distributions of capacity factors, whether in terms of geographic patterns or frequency distributions, differ from those in all four seasons, although they are closest to the transitional seasons. Regional practical wind resources are sensitive to seasons and to thresholds in year-average wind speed and bathymetry, but are more than enough to supply local electricity demand in all regions except Japan.

Cristina L. Archer; Mark Z. Jacobson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

3.1 Introduction The influence of seasonal changes in temperature and climate on metabolic rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of living" among species or species groups (e.g., Wiersma et al. 2007a; White et al. 2007; McKechnie et al, recent studies employing hovering flight (Chai and Dudley 1995, 1996) or hop-flutter wheels (Wiersma et

Swanson, David L.

139

Seasonal variations of semidiurnal tidal perturbations in mesopause region temperature and zonal and meridional winds above  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1029/2007JD009687. 1. Introduction [2] Solar thermal tides are global-scale waves that dom- inate to conserve wave energy. When propagating into the MLT region, the horizontal wind tidal amplitude can reach with fluorescence lidar's advantages of high temporal and spatial resolution and the capability of full diurnal

140

SEASONAL EFFECTS AND INTERACTION OF STREAM DISCHARGE AND WATER TEMPERATURE ON THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Research NO-7465 Trondheim, Norway Morten Stickler SINTEF Energy Research NO-7465 Trondheim University of Science and Technology, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway Atle Harby SINTEF Energy Research NO-7465, Norway Knut Alfredsen Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering Norwegian University

Linnansaari, Tommi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

European Seasonal and Annual Temperature Variability, Trends, and Extremes Since 1500  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climate of the last five centuries (GKSS Report 2003/12, Geesthacht, Germany, 2003 ). 44 M. New , M. Hulme, P. D. Jones...climate of the last five centuries" (GKSS Report 2003/12, Geesthacht, Germany, 2003). 44 M. New, M. Hulme, P. D. Jones...

Jrg Luterbacher; Daniel Dietrich; Elena Xoplaki; Martin Grosjean; Heinz Wanner

2004-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

142

direct normal irradiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords direct normal irradiance DNI GEF GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance insolation latitutde tilt irradiance NASA NREL South America SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Cell Maps (zip, 13.9 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 3.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

143

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

normal irradiance normal irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in broad bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4{mu}m, that comes directly from the Sun without being scattered or absorbed in the atmosphere, passes through a unit area perpendicular to the direction from the Sun. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments

144

Handbook of normal frames and coordinates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main subject of the book is an up-to-date and in-depth survey of the theory of normal frames and coordinates in differential geometry. The book can be used as a reference manual, review of the existing results and introduction to some new ideas and developments. In the book can be found practically all existing essential results and methods concerning normal frames and coordinates. Most of the results are represented in full detail with full, in some cases new, proofs. All classical results are expanded and generalized in various directions. Theorems of existence, uniqueness and, possibly, holonomicity of the normal frames and coordinates are proved; mostly, the proofs are constructive and some their parts can be used independently for other tasks. Besides published results, their extensions and generalizations, the book contains completely new results which appear for the first time.

Bozhidar Z. Iliev

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Differentiated state of normal and malignant cells or how to define a normal cell in culture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Described are cytological techniques to differentiate malignant and normal cells in culture. Emphasis is placed upon cell function and gene expression for determinative procedures. (DLS)

Bissell, M.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Released: June 4, 2010 Download Full Report (PDF) This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly. Research finds that a significant portion of data collected on EIA’s primary monthly natural gas consumption survey reflects billing data that does not strictly coincide with the actual calendar month, which creates an aggregate-level discrepancy with EIA’s other natural gas supply and disposition data series. This discrepancy is especially observable during the fall and spring as one transitions into and out of the winter heating season. The report also outlines improved data collection and estimation procedures that will be implemented later this year to more closely align reported and actual calendar month consumption. This discussion will be helpful to users of EIA’s volumetric natural gas data. Questions about this report should be directed to Andy Hoegh at andrew.hoegh@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-9502.

147

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Examples of nighttime temperature inversions are shown in thermal infrared satellite images collected over the Coso geothermal field in eastern California. Temperature-elevation plots show the normal trend of temperature decrease with elevation, on which temperature inversions appear superimposed as opposite trends. Such inversions are common and they should

148

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability UNT Geog 3190, Wolverton 1 #12;Normality to assume normalityWe would like to be able to assume normality ­ Then we can use parametric statistics a relationship ­ More powerful because we can use the normal probability distribution to make predictions

Wolverton, Steve

149

DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season May 30, 2007 - 1:25pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today outlined a number of steps that the Department is taking to strengthen its hurricane response system in the United States. Since Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005, DOE has made operational and administrative improvements, including coordination between federal, state and local leaders, deployment of trained staff, and improvements to modeling tools. "Bringing power back online is a critical step in recovering and rebuilding from a disaster and the Department of Energy stands ready to help coordinate fuel delivery to affected areas and remove barriers in energy recovery efforts," Alex de Alvarez, DOE Deputy Director of the Office of

150

Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season May 11, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy My dad is obsessed with fuel efficiency. I joked with him on a recent road trip that when he retires, he'll have more time to pursue his dream career as a fuel-economy promoter. Well guess what, I just found the treasure trove of information on smart driving that's going to make his whole week-it's at fueleconomy.gov. Now, I know we've blogged on this in the past. But it's been a while, and this stuff is good to keep fresh in your mind as the price of gasoline creeps up this summer. The site provides information on everything

151

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Seasonal Dependance of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seasonal Dependance of the Infrared Land Surface Emissivity in the Vicinity Seasonal Dependance of the Infrared Land Surface Emissivity in the Vicinity of the ARM SGP Central Facility Knuteson, Robert University Of Wisconsin Feltz, Wayne University of Wisconsin Revercomb, Henry University Of Wisconsin-Madison Tobin, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Satellite observations have been used to derive a seasonal dependance of the infrared land surface emissivity in the vicinity of the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility site. In particular, the observations of the Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder (AIRS) on the NASA EOS Aqua platform have been used over the two year period from Sept 2002 to Sept 2004 to derive spectra of IR land surface emissivity across the IR window regions. These satellite observations have been used to empirically fit the

152

DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season May 30, 2007 - 1:25pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today outlined a number of steps that the Department is taking to strengthen its hurricane response system in the United States. Since Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005, DOE has made operational and administrative improvements, including coordination between federal, state and local leaders, deployment of trained staff, and improvements to modeling tools. "Bringing power back online is a critical step in recovering and rebuilding from a disaster and the Department of Energy stands ready to help coordinate fuel delivery to affected areas and remove barriers in energy recovery efforts," Alex de Alvarez, DOE Deputy Director of the Office of

153

Frostbite Theater - Just for Fun - Season One Bloopers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jefferson Lab Open House (2010) Jefferson Lab Open House (2010) Previous Video (Jefferson Lab Open House (2010)) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Season Two Bloopers) Season Two Bloopers Season One Bloopers Filming videos isn't as easy as it may seem. Mistakes happen. Often. Here is a sampling of what went wrong while filming our first set of experiments. Enjoy! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: I hope you've enjoyed watching this first set of videos that we've put together. Now, as surprising as it may seem, things don't always go quite as we expect them to. So, if you enjoy watching people mess up their lines... Steve: ...or things not working as they should.

154

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand An Assessment of Supply Adequacy in California Trends.......................................................................................................1 HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND.....................................................................................................................7 SECTION I: HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND ..........................9 BACKGROUND

155

Solar-powered/fuel-assisted Rankine-cycle power and cooling system: Simulation method and seasonal performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of this analysis is a solar cooling system based on a novel hybrid steam Rankine cycle. Steam is generated by the use of solar energy collected at about 100/sup 0/C, and it is then superheated to about 600/sup 0/C in a fossil-fuel-fired superheater. The addition of about 20-26 percent of fuel doubles the power cycle's efficiencyas compared to organic Rankine cycles operating at similar collector temperatures. A comprehensive computer program was developed to analyze the operation and performance of the entire power/cooling system. Transient simulation was performed on an hourly basis over a cooling season in two representative climatic regions (Washington, D.C. and Phoenix, Ariz.). One of the conclusions is that the seasonal system COP is 0.82 for the design configuration and that the use of watercooled condensers and flat-plate collectors of higher efficiency increases this value to 1.35.

Lior, N.; Koai, K.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Surveillance Guide - MAS 10.3 Seasonal Preparation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SEASONAL PREPARATION SEASONAL PREPARATION 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is to verify that the contractor is implementing appropriate measures to protect equipment and systems from damage due to the effects of cold weather. The Facility Representative evaluates systems necessary for the protection of the public and workers to determine if they have been adequately prepared for cold weather. The Facility Representative also examines other preparations for cold weather to ensure that materials are properly stored, permanent and auxiliary heating systems are functional, and other appropriate preparations have been completed. During the surveillance, the Facility Representative ensures that applicable DOE requirements have been implemented.

157

Effects of temperature on laser diode ignition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the effects of temperature on laser diode ignition and the resulting consequences were discussed in detail through theoretical analysis, experiments and numerical calculations. The results indicated that the output power of laser diode decreases and the wavelength of laser redshifts with elevated working temperature under a certain condition. The threshold conditions of ignition for powders are easily satisfied with increase in ambient temperature. While the temperature reaches a high enough level, ignition can occur and also the self-combustion or thermal induced explosion can do, even if laser power is very low. Therefore, it is of great importance to carefully control the working temperature of laser diode and the ambient temperature of powder system, and in the meanwhile, to install necessary insurance apparatus in order to ensure the normal and safe operation of the ignition system.

Shi-Biao Xiang; Xu Xiang; Chang-Gen Feng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Forecasting intraday time series with multiple seasonal cycles using parsimonious seasonal exponential smoothing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper concerns the forecasting of seasonal intraday time series that exhibit repeating intraweek and intraday cycles. A recently proposed exponential smoothing method involves smoothing a different intraday cycle for each distinct type of day of the week. Similar days are allocated identical intraday cycles. A limitation is that the method allows only whole days to be treated as identical. We introduce a new exponential smoothing formulation that allows parts of different days of the week to be treated as identical. The result is a method that involves the smoothing and initialisation of fewer terms. We evaluate forecasting up to a day ahead using two empirical studies. For electricity load data, the new method compares well with a range of alternatives. The second study involves a series of arrivals at a call centre that is open for a shorter duration at the weekends than on weekdays. Among the variety of methods considered, the new method is the only one that can model in a satisfactory way in this situation, where the number of periods on each day of the week is not the same.

James W. Taylor; Ralph D. Snyder

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Implications of diurnal and seasonal variations in renewable energy generation for large scale energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large scale implementation of solar and wind powered renewable electricity generation will use up to continent sized connected electricity grids built to distribute the locally fluctuating power. Systematic power output variation will then become manifest since solar power has an evident diurnal period but also surface windswhich are driven by surface temperaturesfollow a diurnal periodic behavior lagging about 4 h in time. On an ordinary day a strong diurnal varying renewable electricity generation results when combining wind and solar power on such continent sized grid. Comparison with possible demand patterns indicates that coping with such systematically varying generation will require large scale renewable energy storage and conversion for timescales and storage capacities of at least up to half a day. Seasonal timescales for versatile high quality generally applicable energy conversion and storage are equally essential since the continent wide insolation varies a factor ?3 e.g. in Europe and Northern Africa together. A first order model for estimating required energy storage and conversion magnitudes is presented taking into account potential diurnal and seasonal energy demand and generation patterns. A few scalable energy storage methods are briefly indicated.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Insolation data manual and direct normal solar radiation data manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Insolation Data Manual presents monthly averaged data which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service (NWS) stations, principally in the United States. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24--25 years of data, generally from 1952--1975, and listed for each location. Insolation values represent monthly average daily totals of global radiation on a horizontal surface and are depicted using the three units of measurement: kJ/m{sup 2} per day, Btu/ft{sup 2} per day and langleys per day. Average daily maximum, minimum and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3 C (65 F). For each station, global {bar K}{sub T} (cloudiness index) values were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. Global {bar K}{sub T} is an index of cloudiness and indicates fractional transmittance of horizontal radiation, from the top of the atmosphere to the earth's surface. The second section of this volume presents long-term monthly and annual averages of direct normal solar radiation for 235 NWS stations, including a discussion of the basic derivation process. This effort is in response to a generally recognized need for reliable direct normal data and the recent availability of 23 years of hourly averages for 235 stations. The relative inaccessibility of these data on microfiche further justifies reproducing at least the long-term averages in a useful format. In addition to a definition of terms and an overview of the ADIPA model, a discussion of model validation results is presented.

none,

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Termination of a Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Termination of a Major Normal Fault: Major normal fault terminations or tip-lines sometimes split into multiple closely-spaced faults that result in increased...

162

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and normal conditions of...

163

Essential epidemiological mechanisms underpinning the transmission dynamics of seasonal influenza  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...age-structured model with non-random...multiple strains|model comparison| 1...subtypes are hard to predict [1]. Understanding...2]. The initial outbreak of this novel H1N1...resolution to fit such a model are not available...characteristics of seasonal flu epidemics and hence...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

2011 Colorado Wildfire Season September 12, 2011 Weekly Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 2011 Colorado Wildfire Season September 12, 2011 Weekly Update About this report: This weekly wildfire report is provided by the Colorado State Forest Service to keep you current on the fire situation in Colorado. The report will be released every Monday from May 2 to Oct. 24, along with daily

Hardy, Darel

165

Marriage, Rank, and Seasonal Migration: Fractality in Social Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7 Marriage, Rank, and Seasonal Migration: Fractality in Social Structure Every society and practices to see most clearly principles that are in place and how competing claims, including rank and leadership, are negotiated or resolved. For the nomad clan the principles of rank and equality are often

White, Douglas R.

166

Seasonal glacier melt contribution to streamflow Neil Schaner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

extent and water storage globally have lead to concerns about the implications for water supplies to seasonal streamflow by computing the energy balance of glaciers globally. Melt water quantities%) of streamflow, mostly in the High Asia region. One sixth of the world's population, and one quarter of its gross

Washington at Seattle, University of

167

How do variations in seasonality affect population Electronic Supplementary Material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How do variations in seasonality affect population cycles? Electronic Supplementary Material Rachel is the Holling Type II functional form which incorporates handling time of prey. The predators have a logistic the procedure in Taylor et al. (2012). The bifurcation diagrams were created using essentially standard

Sherratt, Jonathan A.

168

Radiative forcing from aircraft NOx emissions: Mechanisms and seasonal dependence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dependence. The long-term globally integrated annual mean net forcing calculated here is approximately zero, related to the annual cycle in photochemistry; the O3 radiative forcing calculations also have a seasonal, although earlier work suggests a small net positive forcing. The model design (e.g., upper tropospheric

169

On the Strong Seasonal Currents in the Deep Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a set of models, including one with a resolution of , several aspects of the simulated seasonal currents in the deep ocean are considered. It is shown that over vast areas of the deep interior, particularly in the Indian Ocean, annual-...

Oleg A. Saenko

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

SEASONAL RECLAIMED WATER QUALITY; AN ASSESSMENT OFQUALITY; AN ASSESSMENT OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and disinfect anyy microorganisms that may be present The majority of Recycled water produced in ArizonaSEASONAL RECLAIMED WATER QUALITY; AN ASSESSMENT OFQUALITY; AN ASSESSMENT OF BIOLOGICAL VARIABILITY Ch h M R k Ph D W t Q lit S i li tChannah M. Rock, Ph.D., Water Quality Specialist James Walworth, Ph

Fay, Noah

171

Seasonal Forecasting of Extreme Wind and Precipitation Frequencies in Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Forecasting of Extreme Wind and Precipitation Frequencies in Europe Matthew J. Swann;Abstract Flood and wind damage to property and livelihoods resulting from extreme precipitation events variability of these extreme events can be closely related to the large-scale atmospheric circulation

Feigon, Brooke

172

Seasonal versus Episodic Performance Evaluation for an Eulerian Photochemical Air Quality Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents detailed evaluation of the seasonal and episodic performance of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modeling system applied to simulate air quality at a fine grid spacing (4 km horizontal resolution) in central California, where ozone air pollution problems are severe. A rich aerometric database collected during the summer 2000 Central California Ozone Study (CCOS) is used to prepare model inputs and to evaluate meteorological simulations and chemical outputs. We examine both temporal and spatial behaviors of ozone predictions. We highlight synoptically driven high-ozone events (exemplified by the four intensive operating periods (IOPs)) for evaluating both meteorological inputs and chemical outputs (ozone and its precursors) and compare them to the summer average. For most of the summer days, cross-domain normalized gross errors are less than 25% for modeled hourly ozone, and normalized biases are between {+-}15% for both hourly and peak (1 h and 8 h) ozone. The domain-wide aggregated metrics indicate similar performance between the IOPs and the whole summer with respect to predicted ozone and its precursors. Episode-to-episode differences in ozone predictions are more pronounced at a subregional level. The model performs consistently better in the San Joaquin Valley than other air basins, and episodic ozone predictions there are similar to the summer average. Poorer model performance (normalized peak ozone biases <-15% or >15%) is found in the Sacramento Valley and the Bay Area and is most noticeable in episodes that are subject to the largest uncertainties in meteorological fields (wind directions in the Sacramento Valley and timing and strength of onshore flow in the Bay Area) within the boundary layer.

Jin, Ling; Brown, Nancy J.; Harley, Robert A.; Bao, Jian-Wen; Michelson, Sara A; Wilczak, James M

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

173

Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Title Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Jeong, Seongeun, Chuanfeng Zhao, Arlyn E. Andrews, Edward J. Dlugokencky, Colm Sweeney, Laura Bianco, James M. Wilczak, and Marc L. Fischer Journal Geophysical Research Letters Volume 39 Issue 16 Keywords atmospheric transport, inverse modeling, nitrous oxide Abstract We estimate nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from Central California for the period of December 2007 through November 2009 by comparing N2O mixing ratios measured at a tall tower (Walnut Grove, WGC) with transport model predictions based on two global a priori N2O emission models (EDGAR32 and EDGAR42). Atmospheric particle trajectories and surface footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) models. Regression analyses show that the slopes of predicted on measured N2O from both emission models are low, suggesting that actual N2O emissions are significantly higher than the EDGAR inventories for all seasons. Bayesian inverse analyses of regional N2O emissions show that posterior annual N2O emissions are larger than both EDGAR inventories by factors of 2.0 ± 0.4 (EDGAR32) and 2.1 ± 0.4 (EDGAR42) with seasonal variation ranging from 1.6 ± 0.3 to 2.5 ± 0.4 for an influence region of Central California within approximately 150 km of the tower. These results suggest that if the spatial distribution of N2O emissions in California follows the EDGAR emission models, then actual emissions are 2.7 ± 0.5 times greater than the current California emission inventory, and total N2O emissions account for 8.1 ± 1.4% of total greenhouse gas emissions from California.

174

The effects of early season and late season prescribed fires on small mammals in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prescribed fire is an important management tool used in the restoration of Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forests where fire has been suppressed over the last century. It is not well known, however, how the timing of prescribed fire affects wildlife populations. We used model selection and multi-model inference methods to compare the effects of early (spring and early summer) and late (late summer and fall) season prescribed fires on small mammal populations, based on 4 years of mark-recapture data collected in Sequoia National Park, California. The effects of prescribed fires on four small mammal metrics were evaluated: deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) densities, deer mouse age ratios, lodgepole chipmunk (Neotamias speciosus) densities, and total small mammal biomass. For each of these four metrics, the top ranked model in the evaluation of prescribed fire treatment effects contained no prescribed fire effects, but did contain effects of strong year-to-year variation in populations. Models which predicted that fire effects differed depending on the season of fire received only limited support for each of the four metrics. Our results suggest that initial prescribed fires set during the early season will have similar impacts as late season fires on deer mouse populations, lodgepole chipmunk populations, and total small mammal biomass in Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forests.

Michelle E. Monroe; Sarah J. Converse

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Low-Temperature, Normal-Phase HPLC for Separation of Thermally Labile Species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......tris-1,1,1-trifluoro- acetylacetonate [Co(tfa)3], have not...other hand, the elution of the iron(III) complex has not been...mation of a bond between the iron and the oxygen donor of the...reaction of the ligand with iron wire (31). The reaction......

David E. Henderson; Frank P. Novak

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Investigation of the Interface Between a Normal Metal and High Temperature Superconductor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data are presented on the contact resistance between YBCO and arc sprayed silver and copper. Contact resistivities of 3.4 10-7 ?cm2 (Ag on YBCO) and 6 10-3 ?cm2 (Cu on YBCO)) are obtained at 80K without annea...

S. P. Ashworth; C. Beduz; K. Harrison

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Observation of muon intensity variations by season with the MINOS far detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The temperature of the upper atmosphere affects the height of primary cosmic ray interactions and the production of high-energy cosmic ray muons which can be detected deep underground. The MINOS far detector at Soudan MN, USA, has collected over 67 million cosmic ray induced muons. The underground muon rate measured over a period of five years exhibits a 4% peak-to-peak seasonal variation which is highly correlated with the temperature in the upper atmosphere. The coefficient, $\\alpha_T$, relating changes in the muon rate to changes in atmospheric temperature was found to be: $\\alpha_T = 0.874 \\pm 0.009$ (stat.) $\\pm 0.010$ (syst.). Pions and kaons in the primary hadronic interactions of cosmic rays in the atmosphere contribute differently to $\\alpha_T$ due to the different masses and lifetimes. This allows the measured value of $\\alpha_T$ to be interpreted as a measurement of the K/$\\pi$ ratio for $E_{p}\\gtrsim$\\unit[7]{TeV} of $0.13 \\pm 0.08$, consistent with the expectation from collider experiments.

The MINOS Collaboration

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

178

Simulation study on supply temperature optimization in domestic heat pump systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An air-to-water heat pump system for the heating of a one-family home is numerically analysed. The influence of the supply temperature on the seasonal performance factor of the heating system is examined by varying the heating curve. Furthermore, an adaptive control algorithm is studied which lowers the supply temperature according to the actual heating demand. The study includes a variation of control parameters. The different configurations are evaluated with respect to their efficiency (seasonal performance factor) and the comfort (room temperature). In systems with correctly parametrized heating curve controlling the room temperature is likely to be too high because of inner loads and solar gains. Instead of dealing with these gains by lowering the mass flow using thermostatic valves, the supply temperature can be dropped. This has a positive effect on heat pump efficiency because it decreases the total temperature lift. The control algorithm adapts the supply temperature in discrete time steps depending on the position of the thermostatic valve. Special attention has to be paid for the resulting room temperature and its deviation. With the control algorithm presented in this paper, the seasonal performance factor can be increased by up to 0.19, depending on the allowed variability of room temperature. Savings in annual primary energy demand compared to a standard controlling are up to 6.8%.

K. Huchtemann; D. Mller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Skillful Seasonal Prediction of the Southern Annular Mode and Antarctic Ozone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a set of seasonal hindcast simulations produced by the Met Office Global Seasonal Forecast System, version 5 (GloSea5), significant predictability of the southern annular mode (SAM) is demonstrated during the austral spring. The correlation ...

William J. M. Seviour; Steven C. Hardiman; Lesley J. Gray; Neal Butchart; Craig MacLachlan; Adam A. Scaife

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Heavy Daily Precipitation Frequency over the Contiguous United States: Sources of Climatic Variability and Seasonal Predictability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By matching large-scale patterns in climate fields with patterns in observed station precipitation, this work explores seasonal predictability of precipitation in the contiguous United States for all seasons. Although it is shown that total ...

Alexander Gershunov; Daniel R. Cayan

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Seasonal variability in coastal fronts and its influence on sea surface wind in the Northern South China Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High-resolution reanalysis data of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) show pronounced seasonal variations in oceanic fronts in the coastal area of the Northern South China Sea (NSCS), which are accompanied by the seasonality of monsoons. The NSCS oceanic fronts cover a wider area of the coastal sea in winter than in summer as strong winter monsoons progress. Nonetheless, the average SST gradients of the frontal area in both seasons are comparable. The response of surface wind to SST perturbations attributed to oceanic fronts in the NSCS coastal area has also been investigated by the observation data of satellite borne scatterometers and the simulation data of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Both the satellite observations and the simulations of the WRF model show apparent positive linear SST-wind coupling for most months in 2008, indicating the local influence of coastal SST fronts on the sea surface wind in the NSCS. The SST-wind coupling coefficients in the NSCS coastal sea are larger than those observed at mid-latitude oceans but smaller than those observed near equatorial oceans. It is also found that the influence of topography on the sea surface wind could be more important than that of the SST front at the southern end of the Taiwan Strait in winter. The transition of the monsoon could also affect the SST-wind coupling in the NSCS.

Rui Shi; Xinyu Guo; Dongxiao Wang; LiLi Zeng; Ju Chen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault: Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone Intrusion Margins and Associated Fractures Stratigraphic Boundaries

183

Seasonal variation of CH4 emissions from central California  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seasonal variation of CH4 emissions from central California Seasonal variation of CH4 emissions from central California Title Seasonal variation of CH4 emissions from central California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Jeong, Seongeun, Chuanfeng Zhao, Arlyn E. Andrews, Laura Bianco, James M. Wilczak, and Marc L. Fischer Journal Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres Volume 117 Issue D11 Keywords atmospheric transport, emission inventory, greenhouse gas, inverse model, methane Abstract We estimate seasonal variations in methane (CH4) emissions from central California from December 2007 through November 2008 by comparing CH4 mixing ratios measured at a tall tower with transport model predictions based on a global 1° a priori CH4emissions map (EDGAR32) and a 10 km seasonally varying California-specific map, calibrated to statewide by CH4emission totals. Atmospheric particle trajectories and surface footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecasting and Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport models. Uncertainties due to wind velocity and boundary layer mixing depth are evaluated using measurements from radar wind profilers. CH4signals calculated using the EDGAR32 emission model are larger than those based on the California-specific model and in better agreement with measurements. However, Bayesian inverse analyses using the California-specific and EDGAR32 maps yield comparable annually averaged posterior CH4emissions totaling 1.55 ± 0.24 times and 1.84 ± 0.27 times larger than the California-specific prior emissions, respectively, for a region of central California within approximately 150 km of the tower. If these results are applicable across California, state total CH4 emissions would account for approximately 9% of state total greenhouse gas emissions. Spatial resolution of emissions within the region near the tower reveal seasonality expected from several biogenic sources, but correlations in the posterior errors on emissions from both prior models indicate that the tower footprints do not resolve spatial structure of emissions. This suggests that including additional towers in a measurement network will improve the regional specificity of the posterior estimates.

184

Seasonal changes in periphyton nitrogen fixation in a protected tropical wetland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

urban development (e.g. phosphorous enrichment)? ReferenceSW (2000) Seasonality in phosphorous release rates from the

Vargas, Rodrigo; Novelo, E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Persistent Currents in Normal Metal Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...C) the 793-nm array for T = 323 mK, {theta} = 6; and (D) the 418-nm ring for 365 mK, {theta} = 45. In each case, a smooth...using measurements of the PC to search for ultralow temperature phase transitions (6...

A. C. Bleszynski-Jayich; W. E. Shanks; B. Peaudecerf; E. Ginossar; F. von Oppen; L. Glazman; J. G. E. Harris

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

186

Analysis of seasonal and day-of-week traffic patterns at national parks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seasonal and day-of-week traffic patterns exhibit consistency from one year to the next, the seasonal and day-of-week factors were compared across all five years. Using the Kruskal-Wallis test, it was determined that the seasonal and day-of-week factors...

Liggett, Lindsay Elizabeth

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Seasonal Maize Forecasting for South Africa and Zimbabwe Derived from an Agroclimatological Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Maize Forecasting for South Africa and Zimbabwe Derived from an Agroclimatological Model, with a hindcast correlation over 16 seasons of 0.92 for South Africa and 0.62 for Zimbabwe. Over 17 seasons and actual maize water-stress in South Africa, and a correlation of 0.79 for the same relationship

Martin, Randall

188

Beijing Four Seasons Solar Power Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beijing Four Seasons Solar Power Technology Co Ltd Beijing Four Seasons Solar Power Technology Co Ltd Place Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Sector Solar Product Company involved in selling solar power equipment in China. Coordinates 39.90601°, 116.387909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.90601,"lon":116.387909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

189

Cloud and Precipitation Fields Around Darwin in the Transition Season  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Precipitation Fields Around Darwin and Precipitation Fields Around Darwin in the Transition Season P. T. May Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre Melbourne, 3001, Victoria, Australia Introduction An interesting, and very relevant question, for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is how cloud characteristics and their seasonal and diurnal variation changes across the tropics. In particular, how does he cloud field around the new SRCS site compare with nearby regions. Thus, the aim of this study is to look at the characteristics of clouds and precipitation in the area around Darwin and to compare the cloud statistics estimated from geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) satellite data with other nearby regions. Towards this end, GMS satellite imagery and radar data from

190

President Obama Visits DOE to Discuss Preparations for Hurricane Season |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE to Discuss Preparations for Hurricane DOE to Discuss Preparations for Hurricane Season President Obama Visits DOE to Discuss Preparations for Hurricane Season May 16, 2013 - 6:22pm Addthis President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. Rob Roberts Rob Roberts Director of Digital Strategy What are the key facts? Last week, President Obama visited the Department of Energy to meet

191

Corn Varieties in Texas : Their Regional and Seasonal Adaptation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presented in Progress Reports from Angleton, Denton, Beaumont, Troup, Beeville, Temple, Spur, Lubbock, Pecos, and Nacogdoches, and in Bulletin 276, "Corn Variety Experiments, Substation No. 3, Angleton." SCOPE OF THE BULLETIN Two of the most important... to both regional ' and seasonal variations. To determine the adaptation of varieties to these two influences a variety-date-of-planting test was instituted in 1918. This test has been conducted at eleven substations throughout the State, in most cases...

Mangelsdorf, Paul C. (Paul Christoph)

1929-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Meteorological characteristics associated with warm-season positive lightning events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . 60 29 Percent-positive values vs. Showalter Index for pre-storm soundings, with the outlier in Figure 28 removed. . 61 30 Percent-positive values vs. Total Totals Index for pre-storm soundings. . . . . . 64 31 Percent-positive values vs. Total... lightning and others primarily positive. Percent-positive values also vary greatly by season, with winter thunderstorms exhibiting much more positive lightning (Orville and Silver 1997). Positive lightning was not known to exist until 60 years ago, when...

Heggen, Paul Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

193

Seasonal structure of fish communities at three barrier island habitats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

island ecosystems in the life cycle of these fishes must be better understood before we can effectively manage these important species. Previous studies (Reid 1955, Gunter 1958, Hellier 1962, HcFar land 1963, Pranks 1970, Livingston 1976, Naughton... Bay, Florida and the adjacent beachfront have been described by Naughton and Saloman (1978). Franks (1970) studied species composition and relative abundance of' the fish population inland of Horn Island, Mississippi. Seasonality of' fishes...

Pitts, Donald Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

194

Quench development in a high temperature superconducting tape  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Normal zone propagation experiments have been performed on a long length of Bi-2223/Ag high temperature superconducting (HTS) tape. Tests were conducted with liquid nitrogen and gaseous helium cooling in temperatures from 5 to 77 K. No sustained expansion of a {open_quotes}normal{close_quotes} zone was observed with a short resistive heater. Non-uniform critical currents were, however, observed over the length of the conductor. When the conductor was charged and held at a current above the critical currents of weaker sections, a quench was being developed without distinctive {open_quotes}normal{close_quotes} zone propagation. Because of the high temperature margin and broad resistive transition of the superconductor, and the good thermal conductivity of the Ag-matrix, the quench process was very slow. and no large temperature gradient along the conductor was observed.

Lue, J.W.; Lubell, M.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Aized, D.; Campbell, J.M.; Schwall, R.E. [American Superconductor Corporation, Westborough, MA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

195

Quench development in a high temperature superconducting tape  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Normal zone propagation experiments have been per-formed on a long length of Bi2223/Ag high temperature superconducting (HTS) tape. Tests were performed in liquid nitrogen and with gaseous helium cooling in temperatures ranging from 4.2 K to 77 K. No sustained expansion of a ``normal`` zone was observed with a short resistive heater. Non-uniform critical currents were, however, observed over the length of the conductor. When the conductor was charged and held at a current above the critical currents of weaker sections, a quench was being developed without distinctive ``normal`` zone propagation. Because of the high temperature margin and broad resistive transition of the superconductor, and the good thermal conductivity of the Ag-matrix, the quench process was very slow, and no large temperature gradient along the conductor was observed in the test duration of a few minutes.

Lue, J.W.; Lubell, M.S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Aized, D.; Campbell, J.M.; Schwall, R.E. [American Superconductor Corp., Westborough, MA (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

The paper "Magnetic-ux quantization in a cylindrical lm of a normal metal"D.Yu. Sharvin and Yu.V. Shashkin (1981)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper "Magnetic-ux quantization in a cylindrical lm of a normal metal"D.Yu. Sharvin and Yu temperatures. Let us consider an insulating cylinder coated by a thin lm of a normal metal. The probability amplitude for the electron to return to some point on the lm can be presented as the sum of amplitudes

Skvortsov, Mikhail

197

Hurricane Season: Restoring Power after a Big Storm | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hurricane Season: Restoring Power after a Big Storm Hurricane Season: Restoring Power after a Big Storm Hurricane Season: Restoring Power after a Big Storm June 5, 2012 - 4:01pm Addthis Hurricane Irene made landfall on the coast of North Carolina as a Category 1 hurricane during the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the ninth named storm, first hurricane, and first major hurricane of the 2011 hurricane season. | Photo courtesy of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Hurricane Irene made landfall on the coast of North Carolina as a Category 1 hurricane during the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the ninth named storm, first hurricane, and first major hurricane of the 2011 hurricane season. | Photo courtesy of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. William Bryan William Bryan

198

Bogoliubov Shadow Bands in the Normal State of Superconducting Systems with Strong Pair Fluctuations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the basis of a scenario where electron pairing is induced by resonant two-particle scattering (the boson-fermion model), we show how precursors of the superconducting statein the form of overdamped Bogoliubov modesemerge in the normal state upon approaching the transition temperature from above. This result is obtained by a renormalization technique based on continuous unitary transformations (the flow equations), projecting out the coherent contributions in the electron spectral function from an incoherent background.

T. Domanski and J. Ranninger

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

199

Interannual variability and seasonal contribution of thermal expansion to sea level in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an attempt to understand the causes of the sea-level seasonal cycle in the Persian Gulf, we investigated the relationships of sea-level data from 11 stations with atmospheric pressure and thermosteric level. Sea level is significantly correlated among all stations. The mean trend in sea level for the Persian Gulf is about 2.34mm/year. The thermosteric sea-level variability is estimated from temperature profiles at one-degree grid points. Contour maps of thermosteric level show that the height due to thermal expansion is high in summer and autumn, and low during winter and spring. The monthly mean thermostric height ranges from +2.2cm in July to ?2.1cm in February. The major change in sea level due to the thermosteric level seems to be associated with the large change of the thermohaline circulation in the Persian Gulf. The maximum expansion occurs in summer, and the maximum contraction occurs in winter. Results of the regression analysis demonstrate that from 62% to 90.2% of the variance in the seasonal cycle is due to atmospheric pressure. The inclusion of the thermosteric sea level as a secondary forcing in the regression model improves the variance explained to 78.190.7%. The remaining change should be due to the halosteric effect and upwelling. Tide-gauge stations located at the Gulf's head show high correlation with Ekman vertical velocity. There are two distinct tide gauge stations in the Persian Gulf. One is found in the first cyclonic gyre and the other in the second gyre. The inclusion of Ekman upwelling to the model, improves significantly the variations explained as well, from 82.3% to 91.9%.

F. Hosseinibalam; S. Hassanzadeh; A. Kiasatpour

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Abstract: Shotgun proteomic data...

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201

Frustrated phase separation and high temperature superconductivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dilute system of neutral holes in an antiferromagnet separates into a hole-rich and a hole-poor phase. The phase separation is frustrated by long-range Coulomb interactions but, provided the dielectric constant is sufficiently large, there remain large-amplitude low-energy fluctuations in the hole density at intermediate length scales. The extensive experimental evidence showing that this behavior giver, a reasonable picture of high temperature superconductors is surveyed. Further, it is shown that the scattering of mobile holes from the local density fluctuations may account for the anomalous normal-state properties of high temperature superconductors and also provide the mechanism of pairing.

Emery, V.J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Kivelson, S.A. [California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Frustrated phase separation and high temperature superconductivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dilute system of neutral holes in an antiferromagnet separates into a hole-rich and a hole-poor phase. The phase separation is frustrated by long-range Coulomb interactions but, provided the dielectric constant is sufficiently large, there remain large-amplitude low-energy fluctuations in the hole density at intermediate length scales. The extensive experimental evidence showing that this behavior giver, a reasonable picture of high temperature superconductors is surveyed. Further, it is shown that the scattering of mobile holes from the local density fluctuations may account for the anomalous normal-state properties of high temperature superconductors and also provide the mechanism of pairing.

Emery, V.J. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Kivelson, S.A. (California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Energy conservation in grain (corn) drying with combination high-temperature, low-temperature methods. Final report, July 1, 1978-September 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field drying experiments were carried out during the 1975 through 1978 harvest seasons at the University of Minnesota Rosemount Experiment Station. Several combination drying experiments were conducted each season along with a control (conventional drying) experiment. Based on the results of the field experiments, comparisons of energy requirements for combination and conventional drying were made. Performance of the low-temperature, in-storage phase of combination drying was evaluated using computer simulation. Drying performance using ambient air was compared to performance when small amounts of supplemental heat were added, either solar or constant source heat. Long term weather records were used to evaluate variations in performance from year to year.

Morey, R.V.; Gustafson, R.J.; Cloud, H.A.; Walter, K.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Charged Vortices in High Temperature Superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is argued that in the mixed state of a type II superconductor, because of the difference of the chemical potential in a superconducting versus normal state, the vortex cores may become charged. The extra electron density is estimated. The extra charge contributes to the dynamics of the vortices; in particular, it can explain in certain cases the change of the sign of the Hall coefficient below Tc frequently observed in the high temperature superconductors.

D. I. Khomskii and A. Freimuth

1995-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

205

Smith Normal Form a possible basis for an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smith Normal Form ­ a possible basis for an SVD ­ like code construction? (Semester Project I) Name.7 The Smith Normal Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Detailed treatment of the possibilities to use Smith's Normal Form for coding 14 3.1 Introduction

Henkel, Werner

206

EIGENVALUES AND THE SMITH NORMAL FORM Joseph J. Rushanan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EIGENVALUES AND THE SMITH NORMAL FORM Joseph J. Rushanan The MITRE Corporation, M/S E025, Bedford, MA 01730 Abstract. Results are shown that compare the Smith Normal Form (SNF) over the integers and its Smith Normal Form (SNF) over the integers. Our goals are more general than those results

Rushanan, Joe J.

207

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices; Abstract We study the problem of computing Hermite and Smith normal forms of ma- trices over. One first result is a fast Las Vegas probabilistic algorithm to compute the * *Smith normal form

Storjohann, Arne

208

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices by Arne Storjohann A thesis presented the problem of computing Hermite and Smith normal forms of ma­ trices over principal ideal domains. The main probabilistic algorithm to compute the Smith normal form of a polynomial matrix for those cases where pre

Storjohann, Arne

209

Frictional motion of normal-fluid component of superfluid H3e in aerogel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The superfluidity of liquid H3e in a high-porosity aerogel has been studied using a fourth-sound resonance technique. This technique has two significant advantages: it can directly determine the superfluid density and it can derive the transport properties of the viscous normal-fluid component. The temperature dependence of the resonance frequency revealed suppression of superfluidity and that a finite normal-fluid fraction exists even at T=0. The motion of the normal-fluid component has also been investigated. As T?0, the energy loss becomes very small, despite a finite amount of the normal-fluid component remaining. This implies that the normal-fluid component is highly constrained by the aerogel, and hence the dissipation mechanism cannot be described in terms of the conventional hydrodynamic model. We have succeeded to explain these results by introducing a frictional relaxation model to describe our observations, and found that the flow field changes from being parabolic (Hagen-Poiseuille viscous flow) to flat (Drude frictional flow) on introducing an aerogel. Numerical calculation of the relaxation time using the quasiclassical Greens-function method reproduces experimental results.

Ken Obara; Chiaki Kato; Takaho Matsukura; Yusuke Nago; Ryusuke Kado; Hideo Yano; Osamu Ishikawa; Toru Hata; Seiji Higashitani; Katsuhiko Nagai

2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

210

SPC Fire Weather Forecast Criteria Critical for temperature, wind, and relative humidity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Energy Release Component (ERC) for fuel model G and 100 hr fuel moistures, which are available from: - Sustained winds 20 mph or greater (15 mph Florida) - Minimum relative humidity at or below regional thresholds (Fig. 1) - Temperatures above 50-60° F, depending on the season - Dry fuels (as defined below

211

The seasonality of aerosol properties in Big Bend National Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

growth cycle present in the daily averaged 32 Day (December 2003) Dp (um) Day (December 2003) Dp (um) Day (January 2004) Dp (um) Day (January 2004) Dp (um) Day (June 2003) Dp (um) Day (June 2003) Dp (um) Day (April 2003) Dp (um) Day (April 2003) Dp... (um) Day (December 2003) Dp (um) Day (December 2003) Dp (um) Day (January 2004) Dp (um) Day (January 2004) Dp (um) Day (June 2003) Dp (um) Day (June 2003) Dp (um) Day (April 2003) Dp (um) Day (April 2003) Dp (um) Fig. 12. Seasonal aerosol number...

Allen, Christopher Lee

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

212

A new temperature controlled digester for anaerobic digestion for biogas production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various types of insulating composite materials were used on ceramic digesters for the control of temperature. Maintenance of temperature is highlighted in this paper. The above types of digesters can adequately control the temperature, especially in the winter season. The results of extensive experimental and theoretical studies have been cited in this paper. This work is beneficial for those plants which are generally in higher altitude stations with low atmospheric temperature, like Leh (India). These types of digesters were found to be very useful for the production of biogas, especially from aquatic biomass like water hyacinth.

Upama Misra; Sanjay Singh; Amarika Singh; G.N. Pandey

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Seasonal frequency of ciguatoxic barracuda in southwest Puerto Rico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ciguatoxicity of barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda) head, viscera and flesh tissues has been determined in 219 specimens caught along the southwest coast of Puerto Rico from March 1985 through May 1987. Twenty-nine percent of these specimens were toxic. Monthly frequencies of ciguatoxic barracuda showed an apparent seasonal variability, with peak values (6070% toxic fish) in the late winter-early spring (JanuaryMay) and fall (AugustNovember). Minimal frequencies (010% toxic fish) were observed during JuneJuly and December. The most frequently toxic tissues in poisonous animals were the viscera and head. Viscera tissue was the only toxic tissue found in 31% of the posionous fish assayed, and this tissue was poisonous in all toxic fish. In no case was a poisonous specimen found to have toxic flesh alone. Marked temporal variation in frequency of ciguatoxicity suggests that ciguatera toxins, at least in their active form, are not accumulated in barracuda tissues for extended periods of time. Variability in barracuda ciguatoxicity may reflect fluctuations in the toxicity of smaller reef fish prey, seasonal fluctuations in toxic benthic dinoflagellates and/or changes in the ability of the barracuda to detoxify ingested poisons or their precursors.

T.R. Tosteson; D.L. Ballantine; H.D. Durst

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Decadal to seasonal variability of Arctic sea ice albedo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A controlling factor in the seasonal and climatological evolution of the sea ice cover is its albedo $\\alpha$. Here we analyze Arctic data from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Polar Pathfinder and assess the seasonality and variability of broadband albedo from a 23 year daily record. We produce a histogram of daily albedo over ice covered regions in which the principal albedo transitions are seen; high albedo in late winter and spring, the onset of snow melt and melt pond formation in the summer, and fall freeze up. The bimodal late summer distribution demonstrates the combination of the poleward progression of the onset of melt with the coexistence of perennial bare ice with melt ponds and open water, which then merge to a broad peak at $\\alpha \\gtrsim $ 0.5. We find the interannual variability to be dominated by the low end of the $\\alpha$ distribution, highlighting the controlling influence of the ice thickness distribution and large-scale ice edge dynamics. The statistics obtained pro...

Agarwal, S; Wettlaufer, J S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Seasonal energy storage using bioenergy production from abandoned croplands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bioenergy has the unique potential to provide a dispatchable and carbon-negative component to renewable energy portfolios. However, the sustainability, spatial distribution, and capacity for bioenergy are critically dependent on highly uncertain land-use impacts of biomass agriculture. Biomass cultivation on abandoned agriculture lands is thought to reduce land-use impacts relative to biomass production on currently used croplands. While coarse global estimates of abandoned agriculture lands have been used for large-scale bioenergy assessments, more practical technological and policy applications will require regional, high-resolution information on land availability. Here, we present US county-level estimates of the magnitude and distribution of abandoned cropland and potential bioenergy production on this land using remote sensing data, agriculture inventories, and land-use modeling. These abandoned land estimates are 61% larger than previous estimates for the US, mainly due to the coarse resolution of data applied in previous studies. We apply the land availability results to consider the capacity of biomass electricity to meet the seasonal energy storage requirement in a national energy system that is dominated by wind and solar electricity production. Bioenergy from abandoned croplands can supply most of the seasonal storage needs for a range of energy production scenarios, regions, and biomass yield estimates. These data provide the basis for further down-scaling using models of spatially gridded land-use areas as well as a range of applications for the exploration of bioenergy sustainability.

J Elliott Campbell; David B Lobell; Robert C Genova; Andrew Zumkehr; Christopher B Field

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Yeast and Temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Yeast and Temperature Yeast and Temperature Name: Alyssaaum Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How does temperature affect yeast? Replies: Dear Alyssa, At low temperatures (0-10 C) yeast will not grow, but not die either. At temperatures 10-37 C yeast will grow and multiply, faster at higher temperatures with an optimal growth at 30 or 37 C (that depends on the species). At higher temperature the cells become stressed, meaning that their content becomes damaged and which can be repaired to some degree. At high temperatures (>50 C) the cells die. The bacteria can survive freezing under certain conditions. When baking bread all yeast dies during the process. Dr. Trudy Wassenaar yeast is a unique type of fungi that grows quickly by rapid cell division. It grows best at about 100 degrees fahrenheit, colder will cause it to go dormant, much warmer could kill it

217

6, 13011320, 2006 Temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 6, 1301­1320, 2006 Temperature climatology and trend estimates over Durban, South Africa H and Physics Discussions Temperature climatology and trend estimates in the UTLS region as observed over Commons License. 1301 #12;ACPD 6, 1301­1320, 2006 Temperature climatology and trend estimates over Durban

Boyer, Edmond

218

Thermoelectric Temperature Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the controller can supply the power required to bring the device to the desired temperature and maintain a stableNOTE 201TM TECHNICAL Optimizing Thermoelectric Temperature Control Systems #12;2 May 1995 92 of applications that require extremely stable temperature control. System design can be complex, but improved

Saffman, Mark

219

Asymptotic Expansions for Moments of Skew-Normal Extremes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parameter R (written as X SN()) if its probability density function (pdf) is f(x) = 2(x)(x), - and Alam, 2011); population structure of Schima superba in Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve (Liu et al-Mreri, 2011); modeling of seasonal rainfall in Africa (Siebert and Ward, 2011); modeling of HIV viral loads

Sidorov, Nikita

220

Fuel reduction and coarse woody debris dynamics with early season and late season prescribed fire in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fire exclusion has led to an unnatural accumulation and greater spatial continuity of organic material on the ground in many forests. This material serves both as potential fuel for forest fires and habitat for a large array of forest species. Managers must balance fuel reduction to reduce wildfire hazard with fuel retention targets to maintain other forest functions. This study reports fuel consumption and changes to coarse woody debris attributes with prescribed burns ignited under different fuel moisture conditions. Replicated early season burn, late season burn, and unburned control plots were established in old-growth mixed conifer forest in Sequoia National Park that had not experienced fire for more than 120 years. Early season burns were ignited during June 2002 when fuels were relatively moist, and late season burns were ignited during September/October 2001 when fuels were dry. Fuel loading and coarse woody debris abundance, cover, volume, and mass were evaluated prior to and after the burns. While both types of burns reduced fuel loading, early season burns consumed significantly less of the total dead and down organic matter than late season burns (67% versus 88%). This difference in fuel consumption between burning treatments was significant for most all woody fuel components evaluated, plus the litter and duff layers. Many logs were not entirely consumed therefore the number of logs was not significantly changed by fire but burning did reduce log length, cover, volume, and mass. Log cover, volume, and mass were reduced to a lesser extent by early season burns than late season burns, as a result of higher wood moisture levels. Early season burns also spread over less of the ground surface within the burn perimeter (73%) than late season burns (88%), and were significantly patchier. Organic material remaining after a fire can dam sediments and reduce erosion, while unburned patches may help mitigate the impact of fire on fire-sensitive species by creating refugia from which these species can recolonize burned areas. Early season burns may be an effective means of moderating potential ecosystem damage when treating heavy and/or continuous fuels resulting from long periods of fire exclusion, if burning during this season is not detrimental to other forest functions.

Eric E. Knapp; Jon E. Keeley; Elizabeth A. Ballenger; Teresa J. Brennan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

State of Maine residential heating oil survey 2001-02 season summary [SHOPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This, as the title implies, is a summary report of the price trends for heating oil, propane and kerosene heating fuels for the heating season.

Elder, Betsy

2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

222

Seasonal ambient air pollution correlates strongly with spontaneous abortion in Mongolia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air pollution is a major health challenge worldwide and ... association between spontaneous abortion and seasonal variation of air pollutants in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Davaasambuu Enkhmaa; Nicole Warburton; Badrakh Javzandulam

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS-MATHEMATICAL MODELING STUDIES IN 1979  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage." Lawrence Berkeleythe Auburn University Thermal Energy Storage Experiment."LBL~l0208 SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS~

Tsang, Chin Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Influence of stand age on the magnitude and seasonality of carbon fluxes in Canadian forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seasons lead to less carbon sequestration by a subalpineboreal forests to global carbon sequestration (Kurz et al. ,off- set point when carbon sequestration equals carbon loss

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

North Pacific carbon cycle response to climate variability on seasonal to decadal timescales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the subarctic North Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochem.of the tropical Pacific Ocean: I. Seasonal and interannualthe subtropical North Pacific Ocean, Nature, 424, 754 757.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Temperature compensated photovoltaic array  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A temperature compensated photovoltaic module comprises a series of solar cells having a thermally activated switch connected in parallel with several of the cells. The photovoltaic module is adapted to charge conventional batteries having a temperature coefficient differing from the temperature coefficient of the module. The calibration temperatures of the switches are chosen whereby the colder the ambient temperature for the module, the more switches that are on and form a closed circuit to short the associated solar cells. By shorting some of the solar cells as the ambient temperature decreases, the battery being charged by the module is not excessively overcharged at lower temperatures. PV module is an integrated solution that is reliable and inexpensive. 2 figs.

Mosher, D.M.

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

227

Normal Agricultural Operations and Dove Hunting in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: baiting Doves are migratory birds, and dove hunting is therefore regulated by the Federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act, which specifically prohibits baiting. Under federal law, baiting is the direct or indirect placing, exposing, depositing, distributing... considers this acceptable to hunt over. A problem arises, however, as to what constitutes a ?normal agricultural operation.? For the purpose of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act ?normal agricultural operation? means a normal agricultural planting...

Redmon, Larry

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Solar: annual and seasonal average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data global horizontal (GHI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Global Horizontal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images

229

E-Print Network 3.0 - astrocytes normalizes revascularization...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: astrocytes normalizes revascularization Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Brain Research 896 (2001) 8695 www.elsevier.comlocatebres Summary: Astrocytes are an ideal...

230

B-2 Bomber During In-flight Refueling Normal Heart  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Bomber During In-flight Refueling Normal Heart Image Technology to Detect Concealed Nuclear Material in Trucks and Cargo Containers Single Abnormality Possible Heart Attack Disc...

231

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading...

232

Daily Temperature Lag  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Daily Temperature Lag Daily Temperature Lag Name: Shyammayi Status: teacher Grade: K-2 Country: Mauritius Date: Summer 2011 Question: At what time of the day is the temperature hottest? At what time of the day is the temperature coldest? Replies: In general, the hottest part of the day is late afternoon. The sun has passed its peak in the sky but still heats the Earth up until very late in the afternoon. The lowest temperatures are around dawn. Earth has had all night to get rid of the day's heat by radiating it into space. After sunrise, temperatures begin to climb. This can be changed by local storms, sea breezes or mountain breezes and even monsoon winds. Hope this helps. R. W. "Bob" Avakian Instructor Arts and Sciences/CRC Oklahoma State Univ. Inst. of Technology Shyammayi

233

Environmental and societal consequences of a possible CO/sub 2/-induced climate change. Volume II, Part 8. Impacts of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels on agricultural growing seasons and crop water use efficiencies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The researchable areas addressed relate to the possible impacts of climate change on agricultural growing seasons and crop adaptation responses on a global basis. The research activities proposed are divided into the following two main areas of investigation: anticipated climate change impacts on the physical environmental characteristics of the agricultural growing seasons and, the most probable food crop responses to the possible changes in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ levels in plant environments. The main physical environmental impacts considered are the changes in temperature, or more directly, thermal energy levels and the growing season evapotranspiration-precipitation balances. The resulting food crop, commercial forest and rangeland species response impacts addressed relate to potential geographical shifts in agricultural growing seasons as determined by the length in days of the frost free period, thermal energy changes and water balance changes. In addition, the interaction of possible changes in plant water use efficiencies during the growing season in relationship to changing atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentrations, is also considered under the scenario of global warming due to increases in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentration. These proposed research investigations are followed by adaptive response evaluations.

Newman, J. E.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Automatic temperature adjustment apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for increasing the efficiency of a conventional central space heating system is disclosed. The temperature of a fluid heating medium is adjusted based on a measurement of the external temperature, and a system parameter. The system parameter is periodically modified based on a closed loop process that monitors the operation of the heating system. This closed loop process provides a heating medium temperature value that is very near the optimum for energy efficiency.

Chaplin, James E. (66 Overlook Rd., Bloomingdale, NJ 07403)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Surface Temperature of IGUs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

117 117 Surface Temperatures of Insulated Glazing Units: Infrared Thermography Laboratory Measurements Brent T. Griffith, Daniel Türler, and Dariush Arasteh Building Technologies Program Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 USA Fax: 510-486-6046, email: D_Arasteh@lbl.gov Abstract Data are presented for the distribution of surface temperatures on the warm-side surface of seven different insulated glazing units. Surface temperatures are measured using infrared thermography and an external referencing technique. This technique allows detailed mapping of surface temperatures that is non-intrusive. The glazings were placed between warm and cold environmental chambers that were operated at conditions

236

External vs. body temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

External vs. body temperature External vs. body temperature Name: jacqui Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: If one's internal body temperature is approximately 98.6, WHY when the external temperature is 98.6 do we feel hot? Since both temperatures are "balanced", shouldn't we feel comfortable? I am assuming here that humidity levels are controlled, and play no factor in the external temperature. Replies: First of all, skin temperature is lower than 98.6F; 98.6F is internal body temperature, so air at 98.6F is hotter than skin. But more important, it is the nervous system, and the cells in your skin that your brain uses to detect temperature that determine whether you "feel" hot or not, not whether the air is hotter than your skin. These are set so that you feel hot when the air is actually colder than your skin. Why? They are probably set to make you feel hot whenever the air is warm enough so that your body has some trouble getting rid of the excess heat it produces through metabolism. This insures that you take some actions to help your body cool off. Like drinking cool water, or reducing exercise

237

Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property:GeofluidTemp M Property:MeanReservoirTemp R Property:ReservoirTemp T Property:Temperature U Property:USGSMeanReservoirTemp Retrieved from "http:...

238

ARM - Temperature Converter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Temperature Converter The Fahrenheit scale, invented by German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736), is based on 32 F for the freezing...

239

Low Temperature Proton Conductivity  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation by Tom Zawodzinski to DOE's Fuel Cell Operations at Sub-Freezing Temperatures Workshop held February 1-5, 2005 in Phoenix, Arizona.

240

Temperature and productivity  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

symptoms and performance of office work under combined exposure to temperature, noise and air pollution. PhD Thesis. International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Direct and semi-direct radiative effects of anthropogenic aerosols in the Western United States: Seasonal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a regional climate model (RCM) in conjunction with the aerosol fields from a GEOS-Chem chemical- transport emissions and the seasonal low-level winds. The RCM-simulated anthropogenic aerosol radiative effects vary, respectively, following the seasonal AOD. In Arizona-New Mexico (AZNM), the effect of anthropogenic sulfates

Liou, K. N.

242

Management Options for Late-Season Hail Damaged Stripper Harvested Cotton Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management Options for Late-Season Hail Damaged Stripper Harvested Cotton Fields Extension Agronomy Cooperative Extension Agronomist ­ Cotton Lubbock, TX Dr. Robert Lemon Texas Cooperative Extension Agronomist ­ Cotton College Station, TX Late-season severe weather can result in significant hail damage to immature

Mukhtar, Saqib

243

Seasonal variations of global lightning activity extracted from Schumann resonances using a genetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal variations of global lightning activity extracted from Schumann resonances using a genetic of Schumann resonances (SR). Comparison of the results derived from our FDTD model and the previous studies by other authors on related subjects shows that Schumann resonance is a good probe to indicate the seasonal

Pasko, Victor

244

Project EARTH-12-GMH4: The role and response of seasonal climate change in the Pleistocene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project EARTH-12-GMH4: The role and response of seasonal climate change in the Pleistocene at different climates. The first component of the project will be to assess these issues with field and lab the role that this seasonal change has played in the climate system. The project might subsequently develop

Henderson, Gideon

245

Seasonal controls on sediment delivery in a small coastal plain watershed, North Carolina, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal controls on sediment delivery in a small coastal plain watershed, North Carolina, USA of drainage ditch sedimentation and suspended sediment transport were used to construct a simple sediment to sediment dynamics in a small agricultural watershed in North Carolina. Results indicate that seasonal

Lecce, Scott A.

246

Interannual and seasonal variability of biomass burning emissions constrained by satellite observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

--composition and chemistry; KEYWORDS: Biomass burning, interannual seasonal variation Citation: Duncan, B. N., R. V. Martin, A. C. Staudt, R. Yevich, and J. A. Logan, Interannual and seasonal variability of biomass burning [Malingreau, 1990; Stricker et al., 1995; Hsu et al., 1996; Cooke et al., 1996; Justice et al., 1996; Herman

Jacob, Daniel J.

247

Seasonal modulation of seismicity in the Himalaya of Nepal L. Bollinger,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal modulation of seismicity in the Himalaya of Nepal L. Bollinger,1 F. Perrier,2 J.-P. Avouac; accepted 19 March 2007; published 26 April 2007. [1] For the period 1995­2000, the Nepal seismic network. Sapkota, U. Gautam, and D. R. Tiwari (2007), Seasonal modulation of seismicity in the Himalaya of Nepal

Avouac, Jean-Philippe

248

Fecal coliform accumulation within a river subject to seasonally-disinfected wastewater discharges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fecal coliform accumulation within a river subject to seasonally-disinfected wastewater discharges in the implications of seasonal disinfection practices of wastewater effluents for meeting water quality goals from municipal wastewater outfalls along the river, as well as upstream and downstream of each outfall

Mitch, William A.

249

Abrupt seasonal variation of the ITCZ and the Hadley circulation Yongyun Hu,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abrupt seasonal variation of the ITCZ and the Hadley circulation Yongyun Hu,1 Dawei Li,1 and Jiping of the Hadley circulation, we also examine whether there exists such an abrupt seasonal change in the Hadley circulation. It is found that the intensity of the Hadley cells evolves smoothly with time. However

Hu, Yongyun

250

Seasonality of the Urban Heat Island Effect in Madison, Wisconsin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal variation in the urban heat island (UHI) effect from March 2012 through October 2013 was characterized using continuous temperature measurements from an array of up to 151 fixed sensors in and around Madison, Wisconsin, an ...

Jason Schatz; Christopher J. Kucharik

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Conformal Deformation from Normal to Hermitian Random Matrix Ensembles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the eigenvalues statistics of ensembles of normal random matrices when their order N tends to infinite. In the model the eigenvalues have uniform density within a region determined by a simple analytic polynomial curve. We study the conformal deformations of normal random ensembles to Hermitian random ensembles and give sufficient conditions for the latter to be a Wigner ensemble.

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

252

SMITH NORMAL FORM OF A MULTIVARIATE MATRIX ASSOCIATED WITH PARTITIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORM OF A MULTIVARIATE MATRIX ASSOCIATED WITH PARTITIONS CHRISTINE BESSENRODT polynomials, and by determining not only the deter- minant but also the Smith normal form of these matrices. A priori the Smith form need not exist but its existence follows from the explicit computation

253

Numerical algorithms for the computation of the Smith normal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical algorithms for the computation of the Smith normal form of integral matrices C of the Smith normal form of integral matrices are described. More specifically, the com­ pound matrix method of the algorithms. AMS Subject Classification: Primary 65F30, Secondary 15A21, 15A36. Key words and phrases: Smith

Seberry, Jennifer

254

Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark School of Mathematical Sciences Queen;Abstract The normal curve has been used to fit the rate of both world and U.S.A. oil production. In this paper we give the first theoretical basis for these curve fittings. It is well known that oil field

Stark, Dudley

255

Normalized Auditory Attention Levels for Automatic Audio Surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, subway train, sport stadium, etc). Keywords: Public security, audio surveillance, normalized auditoryNormalized Auditory Attention Levels for Automatic Audio Surveillance L. Couvreur, F. Bettens, J In this paper, we define features that can be computed along audio signals in order to assess the level

Dupont, Stéphane

256

Superconductor-normal-superconductor with distributed Sharvin point contacts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A non-linear superconducting junction device comprising a layer of high transient temperature superconducting material which is superconducting at an operating temperature, a layer of metal in contact with the layer of high temperature superconducting material and which remains non-superconducting at the operating temperature, and a metal material which is superconducting at the operating temperature and which forms distributed Sharvin point contacts with the metal layer.

Holcomb, Matthew J. (San Mateo County, CA); Little, William A. (Santa Clara County, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Seasonal trends in the composition and ROS activity of fine particulate matter in Baghdad, Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Baghdad suffers from severe atmospheric particulate matter (PM) pollution and has limited infrastructure to monitor and control PM-pollution. To help better understand the nature of particulate matter in Baghdad, daily PM2.5 samples were collected every 6th day from September, 2012 to September, 2013. The samples were analyzed for chemical composition and cellular oxidative stress activity using a macrophage-based assay. The annual average PM2.5 concentration was 5019?gm?3, and was comprised of approximately 28% crustal materials, 26% organic carbon (OC), 17% sulfate, 12% elemental carbon (EC), and 8.0% ammonium ion. No clear seasonal trend was observed for the total PM2.5 mass and PM2.5 OC, but EC exhibited higher concentrations in the warmer months, likely due to the extensive use of electric generators operated by diesel and gasoline for cooling. April showed the lowest levels of both EC and OC compared with other months due to both sand and rainstorm events which led to increased deposition and dispersion of local emissions. Concentrations of nitrate ion were low in all seasons due to the high temperatures and low humidity, but slightly higher levels were observed in the cooler months of winter. The oxidative stress (reactive oxygen species (ROS)) activity (5935?g Zymosan equivalents m?3) of the PM was relatively lower than in other studied areas. Association between the water soluble PM constituents and the oxidative activity was investigated using a multi-linear regression model which showed no strong relationships between ROS activity and the water soluble components of PM2.5, but a moderate correlation of water soluble organic carbon from biomass burning (WSOC-BB) was observed (R2=0.52). Biomass burning PM has been shown to be an important contributor to ROS activity in other published studies, but additional work is needed to better understand the sources leading to the ROS activity in Baghdad.

Samera Hussein Hamad; Martin Merrill Shafer; Ahmed K.H. Kadhim; Sabah M. Al-Omran; James Jay Schauer

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Room Temperature Aryl Trifluoromethylation via Copper- Mediated Oxidative Cross-Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method for the room temperature copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of aryl and heteroaryl boronic acids has been developed. This protocol is amenable to normal benchtop setup and reactions typically require only 1?4 ...

Buchwald, Stephen Leffler

259

Frostbite Theater - Just for Fun - When Liquid Nitrogen Attacks! - Season 2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Season One Bloopers Season One Bloopers Previous Video (Season One Bloopers) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Freezing Balloons!) Freezing Balloons! When Liquid Nitrogen Attacks! - Season 2 Bloopers Making videos is just another opportunity to catch mistakes on film! Enjoy these outtakes from Season 2! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: We made more videos! Steve: And we made more mistakes! Joanna: Enjoy! ----------------------------------------- Joanna: What happens when the freezing power of liquid nitrogen... Steve: Oh, jeez! Joanna: Oh, oh, oh! That was a little too much! Steve: You okay? Joanna: Uh, huh. I'm fine. Steve: This is why you wear the safety gear. This is why you have the

260

2014 Federal Benefits Open Season & Wellness Fair | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2014 Federal Benefits Open Season & Wellness Fair 2014 Federal Benefits Open Season & Wellness Fair 2014 Federal Benefits Open Season & Wellness Fair November 19, 2013 11:00AM to 2:00PM EST Germantown, Auditorium The Fairs are free and open to All DOE Federal Employees. Accommodations for people with disabilities will be provided upon request. The Federal Benefits Open Season is Monday, November 11 to Monday, December 9, 2013 Open Season is your opportunity to make enrollment decisions for 2014 with respect to the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHB), the Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program (FEDVIP), and the Federal Flexible Spending Account Program (FSAFEDS). To assist employees in determining the health, dental, and vision benefit plans that best meet their needs, representatives from the various FEHB and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Demonstration of Approach and Results of Used Fuel Performance Characterization Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Demonstration of Approach and Results of Used Fuel Performance Characterization This report provides results of the initial demonstration of the modeling capability developed to perform preliminary deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and normal conditions of transport (NCT) conditions. This report also provides results from the sensitivity studies, and discussion on the long-term goals and objectives of this

262

Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample. 5 figs.

Vo-Dinh, T.; Panjehpour, M.; Overholt, B.F.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

263

Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Panjehpour, Masoud (Knoxville, TN); Overholt, Bergein F. (Knoxville, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Power spectrum normalization from the local abundance of rich clusters of galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The number density of rich galaxy clusters still provides the most robust way of normalizing the power spectrum of dark matter perturbations on scales relevant to large-scale structure. We revisit this constraint in light of several recent developments: (1) the availability of well-defined samples of local clusters with relatively accurate X-ray temperatures; (2) new theoretical mass functions for dark matter haloes which provide a good fit to large numerical simulations; (3) more accurate mass-temperature relations from larger catalogs of hydrodynamical simulations; (4) the requirement to consider closed as well as open and flat cosmologies to obtain full multi-parameter likelihood constraints for CMB and SNe studies. We present a new sample of clusters drawn from the literature and use this sample to obtain improved results on sigma_8, the normalization of the matter power spectrum on scales of 8 h^{-1} Mpc, as a function of the matter density and cosmological constant in a Universe with general curvature. We discuss our differences with previous work, and the remaining major sources of uncertainty. Final results on the 68 per cent confidence region, approximately independent of power spectrum shape, can be expressed as constraints on sigma at an appropriate cluster normalization scale R_Cl. We provide fitting formulas for R_Cl and sigma(R_Cl) for general cosmologies, as well as for sigma_8 as a function of cosmology and shape parameter Gamma. For flat models we find approximately sigma_8 \\simeq 0.495^{+0.034}_{-0.037}) Omega_M^{-0.60} for Gamma=0.23, where the error bar is dominated by uncertainty in the mass-temperature relation.

E. Pierpaoli; D. Scott; M. White

2001-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

265

Fiber optic temperature sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our fiber optic temperature measurement sensor and system is a major improvement over methods currently in use in most industrial processes, and it delivers all of the attributes required simplicity, accuracy, and cost efficiency-to help improve all of these processes. Because temperature is a basic physical attribute of nearly every industrial and commercial process, our system can eventually result in significant improvements in nearly every industrial and commercial process. Many finished goods, and the materials that go into them, are critically dependent on the temperature. The better the temperature measurement, the better quality the goods will be and the more economically they can be produced. The production and transmission of energy requires the monitoring of temperature in motors, circuit breakers, power generating plants, and transmission line equipment. The more reliable and robust the methods for measuring these temperature, the more available, stable, and affordable the supply of energy will become. The world is increasingly realizing the threats to health and safety of toxic or otherwise undesirable by products of the industrial economy in the environment. Cleanup of such contamination often depends on techniques that require the constant monitoring of temperature in extremely hazardous environments, which can damage most conventional temperature sensors and which are dangerous for operating personnel. Our system makes such monitoring safer and more economical.

Rabold, D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Seasonal trends in air temperature and precipitation in IPCC AR4 GCM output for Kansas, USA: evaluation and implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-CM2.0 US 7 US Department of Commerce/NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory GFDL-CM2.1 US 8 NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies GISS-AOM US 9 NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies GISS-EH US 10 NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies GISS-ER...

Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Jones, Aubrey R.; Feddema, Johannes J.

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

267

High temperature probe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high temperature probe for sampling, for example, smokestack fumes, and is able to withstand temperatures of 3000.degree. F. The probe is constructed so as to prevent leakage via the seal by placing the seal inside the water jacket whereby the seal is not exposed to high temperature, which destroys the seal. The sample inlet of the probe is also provided with cooling fins about the area of the seal to provide additional cooling to prevent the seal from being destroyed. Also, a heated jacket is provided for maintaining the temperature of the gas being tested as it passes through the probe. The probe includes pressure sensing means for determining the flow velocity of an efficient being sampled. In addition, thermocouples are located in various places on the probe to monitor the temperature of the gas passing there through.

Swan, Raymond A. (Fremont, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Vibrational excitation induced by electron beam and cosmic rays in normal and superconductive aluminum bars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report new measurements of the acoustic excitation of an Al5056 superconductive bar when hit by an electron beam, in a previously unexplored temperature range, down to 0.35 K. These data, analyzed together with previous results of the RAP experiment obtained for T > 0.54 K, show a vibrational response enhanced by a factor 4.9 with respect to that measured in the normal state. This enhancement explains the anomalous large signals due to cosmic rays previously detected in the NAUTILUS gravitational wave detector.

M. Bassan; B. Buonomo; G. Cavallari; E. Coccia; S. D'Antonio; V. Fafone; L. G. Foggetta; C. Ligi; A. Marini; G. Mazzitelli; G. Modestino; G. Pizzella; L. Quintieri; F. Ronga; P. Valente; S. M. Vinko

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

269

Seasonal factors affecting egg production and viability of eggs of Acartia tonsa Dana from East Lagoon, Galveston, Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Egg production and hatching success were determined between March 1981 and March 1982 for the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana from East Lagoon, Galveston, Texas. During three-day experiments in the laboratory, field collected females were fed diets of (1) natural particles collected over the water column, (2) some modification of this and (3) the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii. The latter served to isolate the effects of temperature and salinity from the effects of the natural particle diets on egg production. Specific rates of egg production, i.e. ?g egg biomass/?g body biomass/time, were consistently higher per unit carbon than nitrogen. The influence of seasonal factors on egg production was compared. Salinity was inversely correlated with egg production, but had less effect than temperature. Positive correlations with temperature were always higher for specific rates per unit nitrogen than carbon. At 15C, females produced ?025 of their body carbon (or nitrogen) as eggs per day, whereas at 28C, they produced at least their own biomass as eggs per day (up to 180). These high rates of A. tonsa were probably due to its reproductive biology and adaptation to the subtropical habitat as well as the high temperatures and food concentrations. The correlation between specific egg production rate and temperature was less with the natural particle diets than with the unialgal diet. This indicated that the quantity or quality of natural particle assemblages in East Lagoon influenced egg production. Egg viability was highest in the spring, but was not related to diet or the percentage of females with spermatophores.

Julie Weills Ambler

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Improving the Prediction of Winter Precipitation and Temperature over the Continental United States: Role of the ENSO State in Developing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh during neutral Nin~o-3.4 conditions, the methodology assigns higher weights for climatology resulting and energy systems are usually carried out based upon the seasonal climate (precipitation and temperature

Arumugam, Sankar

271

Fermi liquid theory for high temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article the Fermi liquid theory of metals is discussed starting from Luttinger's theorem. The content of Luttinger's Theorem and its implications for microscopic theories of high temperature superconductors are discussed. A simple quasi-2d Fermi liquid theory is introduced and some of its properties are calculated. It is argued that a number of experiments on YBa/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/O/sub 6+x/, x > 0.5, strongly suggest the existence of a Fermi surface and thereby a Fermi liquid normal state. 25 refs., 1 fig.

Bedell, K.S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Fever and Body Temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fever and Body Temperature Fever and Body Temperature Name: Ying Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Hi, I have a few questions that I want to ask you: Why does your body chose to raise its temperature when you have a fever? Replies: Most bacteria and viruses that live in your body grow best at body temperature. They don't grow very well when the temperature is raised. When there are bacteria in your body they give off chemicals that signal white blood cells to come to try to eat them and also affect an area in your brain called the hypothalamus. This part of the brain controls alot of the automatic functions in your body and is also the site of your body's "thermostat". When the chemicals from the bacteria circulate through the hypothalamus it sets the body's temperature higher. This is called a fever. Your body kind of tries to "sweat out" the bacteria and kill them with a higher temperature. Some scientists question whether trying to bring down a fever is the best thing to do. If it isn't too high, some believe we should just let it work

273

Maintaining body temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maintaining body temperature Maintaining body temperature Name: Jeff Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What keeps the human body at a constant temperature of 98.6? Replies: Maintaining body temperature is very complex. It also takes a lot of energy. About 80% of the energy from the food you eat goes to maintaining body temperature. Basically, the chemical reactions of metabolism of stored food, especially fats, generate heat as a by product. This heat warms the body. The brain reads temperature and controls to some extent the rate of this metabolism. There are also many other mechanisms triggered by the brain to keep the core of your body warm, even if the periphery (skin) is cold. Blood vessels to the fingers and toes constrict, so that the cold air doesn't cool the blood too much, so that cooled blood doesn't cool down the heart and brain when it returns. In severe cases, your body will sacrifice a finger or a toe to keep you from dying of cold core temperature (frostbite: it saves your life!). Also the brain can order a lot of muscles to contract rapidly. This generates a lot of heat quickly, a response called shivering. There's much more to this exciting field of research.

274

Moderate Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Moderate Temperature Moderate Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: Moderate Temperature Dictionary.png Moderate Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 190°C and 230°C is considered by Sanyal to be "moderate temperature." "The next higher resource temperature limit is chosen as 230°C, which is lower than the minimum initial resource temperature encountered in

275

Each cotton season presents it own unique challenges. Crop management decisions are largely based on current conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Each cotton season presents it own unique challenges. Crop management decisions are largely based of the early growth and development of a cotton crop can provide an objective gauge to evaluate this crop's progress, regardless of the season's challenges. Compared to most plants, cotton's early season growth

Mukhtar, Saqib

276

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

temperature temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric temperature The temperature indicated by a thermometer exposed to the air in a place sheltered from direct solar radiation. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

277

ARM - Measurement - Virtual temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsVirtual temperature govMeasurementsVirtual temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Virtual temperature The virtual temperature Tv = T(1 + rv/{epsilon}), where rv is the mixing ratio, and {epsilon} is the ratio of the gas constants of air and water vapor ( 0.622). Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RWP : Radar Wind Profiler

278

Temperature-aware microarchitecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With power density and hence cooling costs rising exponentially, processor packaging can no longer be designed for the worst case, and there is an urgent need for runtime processor-level techniques that can regulate operating temperature when the package's ...

Kevin Skadron; Mircea R. Stan; Wei Huang; Sivakumar Velusamy; Karthik Sankaranarayanan; David Tarjan

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Elevated temperature crack propagation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is a summary of two NASA contracts on high temperature fatigue crack propagation in metals. The first evaluated the ability of fairly simple nonlinear fracture parameters to correlate crack propagation. Hastelloy-X specimens were tested under isothermal and thermomechanical cycling at temperatures up to 980 degrees C (1800 degrees F). The most successful correlating parameter was the crack tip opening displacement derived from the J-integral. The second evaluated the ability of several path-independent integrals to correlate crack propagation behavior. Inconel 718 specimens were tested under isothermal, thermomechanical, temperature gradient, and creep conditions at temperatures up to 650 degrees C (1200 degrees F). The integrals formulated by Blackburn and by Kishimoto correlated the data reasonably well under all test conditions.

Orange, T.W.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Low temperature cryoprobe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable, hand held probe usable within a small confine to produce a point source of nitrogen or helium at a relatively constant temperatures of 77 degrees Kelvin, is discussed. 3 figs.

Sungaila, Z.F.

1988-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Absorber Materials at Room and Cryogenic Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We recently reported on investigations of RF absorber materials at cryogenic temperatures conducted at Jefferson Laboratory (JLab). The work was initiated to find a replacement material for the 2 Kelvin low power waveguide Higher Order Mode (HOM) absorbers employed within the original cavity cryomodules of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). This effort eventually led to suitable candidates as reported in this paper. Furthermore, though constrained by small funds for labor and resources, we have analyzed a variety of lossy ceramic materials, several of which could be usable as HOM absorbers for both normal conducting and superconducting RF structures, e.g. as loads in cavity waveguides and beam tubes either at room or cryogenic temperatures and, depending on cooling measures, low to high operational power levels.

F. Marhauser, T.S. Elliott, A.T. Wu, E.P. Chojnacki, E. Savrun

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Application of thermochronological techniques to major normal fault systems can resolve the timing of initiation and duration of extension, rates of motion on detachment faults, timing of ductile mylonite formation and passage of rocks through the crystal-plastic to brittle transition, and multiple events of extensional unroofing. Here we determine

283

Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA. In: Transactions. GRC Anual Meeting; 2011/10/23; San Diego, CA. Davis, CA: Geothermal Resources Council; p. 777-783

284

Activity Stream - Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dataset Activity Stream Activity Stream Jay Huggins updated the dataset Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 6 days ago Jay Huggins added the...

285

Deconvolution in Random Effects Models via Normal Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation describes a minimum distance method for density estimation when the variable of interest is not directly observed. It is assumed that the underlying target density can be well approximated by a mixture of normals. The method...

Litton, Nathaniel A.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

286

Characteristics of Wind Turbines Under Normal and Fault Conditions: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the characteristics of a variable-speed wind turbine connected to a stiff or weak grid under normal and fault conditions and the role of reactive power compensation.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.; Parsons, B.; Ellis, A.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Computing Simplicial Homology Based on Efficient Smith Normal Form Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in general are sparse. We provide a review of several al- gorithms for the calculation of Smith Normal Form defined by ieA = i j=0 (-1)j eA\\{aj }, where A = {a0

Dumas, Jean-Guillaume

288

High temperature pressure gauge  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high temperature pressure gauge comprising a pressure gauge positioned in fluid communication with one end of a conduit which has a diaphragm mounted in its other end. The conduit is filled with a low melting metal alloy above the diaphragm for a portion of its length with a high temperature fluid being positioned in the remaining length of the conduit and in the pressure gauge.

Echtler, J. Paul (Pittsburgh, PA); Scandrol, Roy O. (Library, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Spontaneous quenches of a high temperature superconducting pancake coil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A double-pancake coil made of Bi-2223/Ag high temperature superconducting (HTS) tape was constructed with an embedded heater and graded conductors to study the stability and quench propagation in HTS coils. The experiments were performed with liquid nitrogen and gaseous helium cooling in temperatures ranging from 5 to 77 K. The coil was very stable, and no ``normal`` zone was sustained or propagated with local pulsed heating. However, spontaneous quenches of the cod were experienced. This was found to be the result of having the coil current higher than that of the lower I{sub c} sections of the coil for a long time. This quench process took minutes to develop--much longer than would be expected in a low temperature superconducting coil. The quench behaved more like a spreading and continuous heating of an increasingly larger partially resistive section of the coil than like a sequential ``normal`` front propagation.

Lue, J.W.; Lubell, M.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Aized, D.; Campbell, J.M.; Schwall, R.E. [American Superconductor Corp., Westborough, MA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Spontaneous quenches of a high temperature superconducting pancake coil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A double-pancake coil made of Bi-2223/Ag high temperature superconducting (HTS) tape was constructed with an embedded heater and graded conductors to study the stability and quench propagation in HTS coils. The experiments were performed with liquid nitrogen and gaseous helium cooling in temperatures ranging from 5 to 77 K. The coil was very stable, and no normal zone was sustained or propagated with local pulsed heating. However, spontaneous quenches of the coil were experienced. This was found to be the result of having the coil current higher than that of the lower I{sub c} sections of the coil for a long time. This quench process took minutes to develop--much longer than would be expected in a low temperature superconducting coil. The quench behaved more like a spreading and continuous heating of an increasingly larger partially resistive section of the coil than like a sequential normal front propagation.

Lue, J.W.; Lubell, M.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Aized, D.; Campbell, J.M.; Schwall, R.E. [American Superconductor Corp., Westborough, MA (United States)] [American Superconductor Corp., Westborough, MA (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Mixing in seasonally stratified shelf seas: a shifting paradigm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...continental shelf seas to open-ocean CO2 storage is turbulent mixing of nutrients across...early August). At these locations the seawater density is largely determined by temperature...H.J.W Baar2004Enhanced open ocean storage of CO2 from shelf sea pumping. Science...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

mkk Technical Report NMFS SSRF-719 <^'^VJ''''^ Seasonal Description of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Washington. D.C. 20402. 653. The use of electricity in conjunction with a 12.5-meter (Headrope) Gulf-of-Mexico and Surface and ^c^y-^^J" Bottom Salinities and ^^ATEso^"^ Temperatures in the Northern Gulf of Mexico by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, D.C. 20402. 654. An electric detector

293

Temperature maintained battery system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A chassis contains a battery charger connected to a multi-cell battery. The charger receives direct current from an external direct current power source and has means to automatically selectively charge the battery in accordance with a preselected charging program relating to temperature adjusted state of discharge of the battery. A heater device is positioned within the chassis which includes heater elements and a thermal switch which activates the heater elements to maintain the battery above a certain predetermined temperature in accordance with preselected temperature conditions occurring within the chassis. A cooling device within the chassis includes a cooler regulator, a temperature sensor, and peltier effect cooler elements. The cooler regulator activates and deactivates the peltier cooler elements in accordance with preselected temperature conditions within the chassis sensed by the temperature sensor. Various vehicle function circuitry may also be positioned within the chassis. The contents of the chassis are positioned to form a passage proximate the battery in communication with an inlet and outlet in the chassis to receive air for cooling purposes from an external source.

Newman, W.A.

1980-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

294

High Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: High Temperature Dictionary.png High Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 230°C and 300°C is considered by Sanyal to be "high temperature." "Above a temperature level of 230°C, the reservoir would be expected to become two-phase at some point during exploitation. The next higher

295

The influence of the Al stabilizer layer thickness on the normal zone propagation velocity in high current superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The stability of high-current superconductors is challenging in the design of superconducting magnets. When the stability requirements are fulfilled, the protection against a quench must still be considered. A main factor in the design of quench protection systems is the resistance growth rate in the magnet following a quench. The usual method for determining the resistance growth in impregnated coils is to calculate the longitudinal velocity with which the normal zone propagates in the conductor along the coil windings. Here, we present a 2D numerical model for predicting the normal zone propagation velocity in Al stabilized Rutherford NbTi cables with large cross section. By solving two coupled differential equations under adiabatic conditions, the model takes into account the thermal diffusion and the current redistribution process following a quench. Both the temperature and magnetic field dependencies of the superconductor and the metal cladding materials properties are included. Unlike common normal zon...

Shilon, I; Langeslag, S A E; Martins, L P; Kate, H H J ten

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Seasonal dynamics of water and air chemistry in an indoor chlorinated swimming pool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although swimming is known to be beneficial in terms of cardiovascular health, as well as for some forms of rehabilitation, swimming is also known to present risks to human health, largely in the form of exposure to microbial pathogens and disinfection byproducts (DBPs). Relatively little information is available in the literature to characterize the seasonal dynamics of air and water chemistry in indoor chlorinated swimming pools. To address this issue, water samples were collected five days per week from an indoor chlorinated swimming pool facility at a high school during the academic year and once per week during summer over a fourteen-month period. The samples were analyzed for free and combined chlorine, urea, volatile DBPs, pH, temperature and total alkalinity. Membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry (MIMS) was used to identify and measure the concentrations of eleven aqueous-phase volatile DBPs. Variability in the concentrations of these \\{DBPs\\} was observed. Factors that influenced variability included bather loading and mixing by swimmers. These compounds have the ability to adversely affect water and air quality and human health. A large fraction of the existing literature regarding swimming pool air quality has focused on trichloramine (NCl3). For this work, gas-phase \\{NCl3\\} was analyzed by an air sparging-DPD/KI method. The results showed that gas-phase \\{NCl3\\} concentration is influenced by bather loading and liquid-phase \\{NCl3\\} concentration. Urea is the dominant organic-N compound in human urine and sweat, and is known to be an important precursor for producing \\{NCl3\\} in swimming pools. Results of daily measurements of urea indicated a link between bather load and urea concentration in the pool.

Mehrnaz Zare Afifi; Ernest R. Blatchley III

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The Pyrexia transient receptor potential channel mediates circadian clock synchronization to low temperature cycles in Drosophila melanogaster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the normality of the distribution and performed one-way...Free-running periods for temperature compensation experiments...and FN Hamada. 2013 Temperature integration at the...01677068909107096 ) 22 Sun, Y , L Liu, Y Ben-Shahar...and slightly cooler temperatures via a TRPV channel...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Thermal Analysis of the 9975 Package with the 3013 Configuration During Normal Conditions of Transport  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal analysis of the 9975 package with three configurations of the BNFL 3013 outer container (with Rocky Flats, SRS, and BNFL inner containers) have been performed for Normal Conditions of Transport (NCT) of plutonium oxide and metal. The NCT is defined in 10 CFR 71.71(c)(1) s an ambient of 100 F (38 C) in still air with 800 W/m{sup 2} and 400 W/m{sup 2} of solar heating on the drum top and sides, respectively. The 9975 drum package is considered to be in an upright position, and the drum bottom is adiabatic. The Rocky and SRS 3013 configurations with Pu metal contents (19 watts) result in acceptable (similar) packaging temperatures, however the plutonium metal temperatures are lower for the SRS design (SRS has helium fill gas whereas Rocky is essentially air filled). The BNFL configuration for Pu oxide contents (19 watts) result in acceptable temperatures and pressures based on limits in the 9975 Safety Analysis Report (SARP). However, for 30 watts of Pu oxide, the fiberboard peak temperatures are very near the SARP allowable. The pressure in the 3013 container is 688.4 psig for the 30 watt Pu oxide content and 569.5 psig for the 19 watt Pu oxide content. Gas species in the pressure computations include air, helium and hydrogen from complete radiolysis of the moisture. The oxygen generated from the radiolysis of the water is not included as a pressure contributor. The gas temperature in the pressure computations was very conservatively assumed to be the maximum plutonium temperature.

Hensel, S

1999-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

299

A comparison of spent fuel shipping cask response to 10 CFR 71 normal conditions and realistic hot day extremes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An examination of the effect of a realistic (though conservative) hot day environment on the thermal transient behavior of spent fuel shipping casks is made. These results are compared to those that develop under the prescribed normal thermal condition of 10 CFR 71. Of specific concern are the characteristics of propagating thermal waves, which are set up by diurnal variations of temperature and insolation in the outdoor environment. In order to arrive at a realistic approximation of these variations on a conservative hot day, actual temperature and insolation measurements have been obtained from the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) for representatively hot and high heat flux days. Thus, the use of authentic meteorological data ensures the realistic approach sought. Further supporting the desired realism of the modeling effort is the use of realistic cask configurations in which multiple laminations of structural, shielding, and other materials are expected to attenuate the propagating thermal waves. The completed analysis revealed that the majority of wall temperatures, for a wide variety of spent fuel shipping cask configurations, fall well below those predicted by enforcement of the regulatory environmental conditions of 10 CFR 71. It was found that maximum temperatures at the cask surface occasionally lie above temperatures predicted under the prescribed regulatory conditions. However, the temperature differences are small enough that the normal conservative assumptions that are made in the course of typical cask evaluations should correct for any potential violations. The analysis demonstrates that diurnal temperature variations that penetrate the cask wall all have maxima substantially less than the corresponding regulatory solutions. Therefore it is certain that vital cask components and the spent fuel itself will not exceed the temperatures calculated by use of the conditions of 10 CFR 71.

Manson, S.J.; Gianoulakis, S.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Transportation Systems Development Dept.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Field Test of Boiler Primary Loop Temperature Controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beyond these initial system efficiency upgrades are an emerging class of Advanced Load Monitoring (ALM) aftermarket controllers that dynamically respond to the boiler load, with claims of 10% to 30% of fuel savings over a heating season. For hydronic boilers specifically, these devices perform load monitoring, with continuous measurement of supply and in some cases return water temperatures. Energy savings from these ALM controllers are derived from dynamic management of the boiler differential, where a microprocessor with memory of past boiler cycles prevents the boiler from firing for a period of time, to limit cycling losses and inefficient operation during perceived low load conditions. These differ from OTR controllers, which vary boiler setpoint temperatures with ambient conditions while maintaining a fixed differential. PARR installed and monitored the performance of one type of ALM controller, the M2G from Greffen Systems, at multifamily sites in the city of Chicago and its suburb Cary, IL, both with existing OTR control. Results show that energy savings depend on the degree to which boilers are over-sized for their load, represented by cycling rates. Also savings vary over the heating season with cycling rates, with greater savings observed in shoulder months. Over the monitoring period, over-sized boilers at one site showed reductions in cycling and energy consumption in line with prior laboratory studies, while less over-sized boilers at another site showed muted savings.

Glanville, P.; Rowley, P.; Schroeder, D.; Brand, L.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips November 26, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Drive smart this holiday season and stay informed with tools such as the speed penalty calculator on fueleconomy.gov. Yesterday you learned from Becky about three tools to help you save on fuel

302

Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You Money and Energy All Year! Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You Money and Energy All Year! December 12, 2012 - 11:40am Addthis When shopping for appliances or electronics for the holidays, look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 22090. When shopping for appliances or electronics for the holidays, look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 22090. Erin Connealy Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Look for the ENERGY STAR® label to find energy-efficient appliances. It's the holiday season, which is a perfect time to find a great deal on

303

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips November 26, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Drive smart this holiday season and stay informed with tools such as the speed penalty calculator on fueleconomy.gov. Yesterday you learned from Becky about three tools to help you save on fuel

304

Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season April 15, 2013 - 2:28pm Addthis Solar energy systems are among the renewable and efficiency purchases that are eligible for tax credits. | Photo courtesy of Industrial Solar Technology Corp. Solar energy systems are among the renewable and efficiency purchases that are eligible for tax credits. | Photo courtesy of Industrial Solar Technology Corp. Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? If you missed the energy efficiency and renewable energy tax credits for 2012, you can still take advantage of them in 2013. Tax season comes to a close today, and if you missed the energy efficiency

305

A Reason to Put Science in the Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Reason to Put Science in the Season A Reason to Put Science in the Season A Reason to Put Science in the Season December 23, 2010 - 9:45am Addthis Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science At this time of year, few people would consider decorating their trees with tinsel ...and test tubes. But there's a good reason to put a bit of science in the season. Specifically, Christmas Day marks the birth one of the foremost scientists of all time, Sir Isaac Newton. He was born 368 years ago in the town of Woolsthorpe, Linconshire. Newton is probably best known for being bonked in the head with an apple and discovering gravity as a result. Newton's most creative years came while he was on a holiday of sorts, staying in the countryside to avoid the plague raging at Cambridge. While there, he seems to have wondered why

306

Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You Money and Energy All Year! Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You Money and Energy All Year! December 12, 2012 - 11:40am Addthis When shopping for appliances or electronics for the holidays, look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 22090. When shopping for appliances or electronics for the holidays, look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 22090. Erin Connealy Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Look for the ENERGY STAR® label to find energy-efficient appliances. It's the holiday season, which is a perfect time to find a great deal on

307

Seasonal Cycle Shifts in Hydroclimatology over the Western United States SATISH KUMAR REGONDA AND BALAJI RAJAGOPALAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Cycle Shifts in Hydroclimatology over the Western United States SATISH KUMAR REGONDA, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado MARTYN CLARK CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado JOHN PITLICK Department of Geography, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado (Manuscript received 4 November

Balaji, Rajagopalan

308

Understanding the seasonal and reproductive biology of olive fruit fly is critical to its management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J, et al. 2006. Olive fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae)season and availability of fruit. J Econ Entomol 99(6):2072for integrated control of olive fruit fly are promising in

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Climate effects of seasonally varying Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The climate impact of the seasonality of Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA) is studied using an aerosol-climate model coupled with a slab ocean model in a set of 60-year long simulations, driven by BBCA ...

Jeong, Gill-Ran

310

Effect of pasteurization and season on the sensorial and rheological traits of Mexican Chihuahua cheese  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The seasonal changes in the flavors and textures (sensorial and rheological traits) of young Mexican Chihuahua cheese made with either raw or pasteurized ... of the cheese. Four selected brands of Chihuahua chees...

Diane L. Van Hekken; Mary Anne Drake; Michael H. Tunick

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

A comparison of two approaches for generating spatial models of growing season variables for Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study produced annual spatial models (or grids) of 27 growing season variables for Canada that span two centuries (1901-2100). Temporal gaps in the availability of daily climate data the typical and preferred source for calculating growing ...

John H. Pedlar; Daniel W. McKenney; Kevin Lawrence; Pia Papadopol; Michael F. Hutchinson; David Price

312

Design and evaluation of seasonal storage hydrogen peak electricity supply system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The seasonal storage hydrogen peak electricity supply system (SSHPESS) is a gigawatt-year hydrogen storage system which stores excess electricity produced as hydrogen during off-peak periods and consumes the stored hydrogen ...

Oloyede, Isaiah Olanrewaju

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Simulations of the West African Monsoon with a Superparameterized Climate Model. Part I: The Seasonal Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The West African monsoon seasonal cycle is simulated with two coupled general circulation models: the Community Climate System Model (CCSM), which uses traditional convective parameterizations, and the superparameterized CCSM (SP-CCSM), in which ...

Rachel R. McCrary; David A. Randall; Cristiana Stan

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Hardening and Resiliency: U.S. Energy Industry Response to Recent Hurricane Seasons- August 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In an effort to better understand what actions the energy industry has taken in response to the 2005 and 2008 hurricane seasons, the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Electricity Delivery and...

315

Seasonal Mean Circulation on the Irish Shelf { A Model-Generated Climatology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Mean Circulation on the Irish Shelf { A Model-Generated Climatology Daniel R. Lynch and interpret the climatological mean circulation in these waters, with emphasis on the Irish Shelf

316

The INGVCMCC Seasonal Prediction System: Improved Ocean Initial Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC) Seasonal Prediction System (SPS) is documented. In this SPS the ocean initial-conditions estimation includes ...

Andrea Alessandri; Andrea Borrelli; Simona Masina; Annalisa Cherchi; Silvio Gualdi; Antonio Navarra; Pierluigi Di Pietro; Andrea F. Carril

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A Seasonal Storage Solar Heating System for the Charlestown, Boston Navy Yard National Historic Park  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper concerns the design and analysis of a solar energy system using seasonal heat storage for ... Park in the Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts. The system uses two existing underground concrete...

D. S. Breger; A. I. Michaels

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Nonlinear equilibration of baroclinic eddies : the role of boundary layer processes and seasonal forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the influence of boundary layer processes and seasonal forcing on baroclinic eddy equilibration is studied to understand how the baroclinic adjustment is modified when taking into account these two factors. ...

Zhang, Yang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

A house four all seasons : a suggested habitation model for Great Barrington  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Great Barrington, Massachusetts. A naturally beautiful setting combined with four distinct weather seasons dictates a lifestyle for this small South Berkshire town's residents and visitors alike. This thesis proposes that ...

Davis, Jeffrey R

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Correlative Evolutions of ENSO and the Seasonal Cycle in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines whether shifts between the correlative evolutions of ENSO and the seasonal cycle in the tropical Pacific Ocean can produce effects that are large enough to alter the evolution of the coupled atmosphereocean system. The ...

Heng Xiao; Carlos R. Mechoso

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Role of the seasonally-oscillating Hadley Cell in interhemispheric mixing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The contribution of the seasonally-oscillating Hadley cell to the interhemispheric mixing of trace chemical species is studied using a zonally-symmetric kinematic model of the Hadley (more)

Cohen, Peter J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

The Role of the Ocean in the Seasonal Cycle of the Hadley Circulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of ocean heat transport on the seasonal cycle of the Hadley circulation is investigated using idealized experiments with a climate model. It is found that ocean heat transport plays a fundamental role in setting the structure and ...

Amy C. Clement

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Assessing Seasonal Transport and Deposition of Agricultural Emissions in Eastern North Carolina, U.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the variability and uncertainty in the regional pollutant transport. Key words: Air pollution, atmospheric values obtained using an air pollution transport and dispersion model. This mesoscale information Carolina. Results show that highly variable seasonal and diurnal atmospheric circulations characterize

Raman, Sethu

324

Recruitment of the intertidal barnacle Semibalanus balanoides : metamorphosis and survival from daily to seasonable timescales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The benthic habitat is the terminal destination for marine animals in terms of their reproductive lifecycle. Recruitment dynamics relating to seasonal changes in the benthic habitat may be the best source of information ...

Blythe, Jonathan N

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Seasonal changes in agar characteristics of two populations ofPterocladia capillacea in Gran Canaria, Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agar characteristics ofPterocladia capillacea...were examined seasonally at two intertidal populations exposed to different wave energy on the northern rocky shore of Gran Canaria Island. Plants were collected mo...

Y. Freile-Pelegrn; D. Robledo; R. Armisn; G. Garca-Reina

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The role of seasonal wetlands in the ecology of the American alligator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, open water and juveniles and nesting females relying on vegetated marsh. In certain regions of the inland portion of the alligators range, these different aquatic habitats are represented by seasonal wetlands and riverine systems that are separated...

Subalusky, Amanda Lee

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Low Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: Low Temperature Dictionary.png Low Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 150°C and 190°C is considered by Sanyal to be "low temperature." "The mobile fluid phase in these reservoirs is liquid water. A number of commercial power projects have been operated over the last two decades

328

High temperature thermometric phosphors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high temperature phosphor consists essentially of a material having the general formula LuPO.sub.4 :Dy.sub.(x),Eu.sub.y) wherein: 0.1 wt %.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.20 wt % and 0.1 wt %.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.20 wt %. The high temperature phosphor is in contact with an article whose temperature is to be determined. The article having the phosphor in contact with it is placed in the environment for which the temperature of the article is to be determined. The phosphor is excited by a laser causing the phosphor to fluoresce. The emission from the phosphor is optically focused into a beam-splitting mirror which separates the emission into two separate emissions, the emission caused by the dysprosium dopant and the emission caused by the europium dopent. The separated emissions are optically filtered and the intensities of the emission are detected and measured. The ratio of the intensity of each emission is determined and the temperature of the article is calculated from the ratio of the intensities of the separate emissions.

Allison, Stephen W. (Knoxville, TN); Cates, Michael R. (Oak Ridge, TN); Boatner, Lynn A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Gillies, George T. (Earlysville, VA)

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

329

Temperature Data Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Groundwater temperature is sensitive to the competing processes of heat flow from below the advective transport of heat by groundwater flow. Because groundwater temperature is sensitive to conductive and advective processes, groundwater temperature may be utilized as a tracer to further constrain the uncertainty of predictions of advective radionuclide transport models constructed for the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Since heat transport, geochemical, and hydrologic models for a given area must all be consistent, uncertainty can be reduced by devaluing the weight of those models that do not match estimated heat flow. The objective of this study was to identify the quantity and quality of available heat flow data at the NTS. One-hundred-forty-five temperature logs from 63 boreholes were examined. Thirteen were found to have temperature profiles suitable for the determination of heat flow values from one or more intervals within the boreholes. If sufficient spatially distributed heat flow values are obtained, a heat transport model coupled to a hydrologic model may be used to reduce the uncertainty of a nonisothermal hydrologic model of the NTS.

Gillespie, David

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Temperature initiated passive cooling system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A passive cooling system for cooling an enclosure only when the enclosure temperature exceeds a maximum standby temperature comprises a passive heat transfer loop containing heat transfer fluid having a particular thermodynamic critical point temperature just above the maximum standby temperature. An upper portion of the heat transfer loop is insulated to prevent two phase operation below the maximum standby temperature. 1 fig.

Forsberg, C.W.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Experiments with a time-dependent, zonally averaged, seasonal, enery balance climatic model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPERIMENTS WITH A TI&E-DEPENDENT, ZONALLY AVERAGED, SEASONAL, ENERGY BALANCE CLIMATIC MODEL A Thesis by STARLEY LEE THOMPSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the decree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject: Meteorology EXPERIMENTS WITH A TIME DEPENDENT~ ZONALLY AVERAGED~ SEASONAL, ENERGY BALANCE CLIMATIC MODEL A Thesis by STARLEY LEE THOMPSON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee...

Thompson, Starley Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

Effect of seasonal variations and time of insemination on reproduction in Brahman females  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF SEASONAL VARIATIONS AND TIME OF INSEMINATION ON REPRODUCTION IN BRAHMAN FEMALES A Thesis by WARREN REA GARRETT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction EFFECT OF SEASONAL VARIATIONS AND TIME OF INSEMINATION ON REPRODUCTION IN BRAHMAN FEMALES A Thesis by WARREN REA GARRETT Approved as to style and content by: Chai rman...

Garrett, Warren Rea

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Follicular changes and reproductive hormones in captive white- tailed deer during the breeding season  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOLLICULAR CHANGES AND REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES IN CAPTIVE WHITE-TAILED DEER DURING THE RREEDING SEASON A Thesis by TIMOTHY GERARD BIEDIGER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ALM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1986 Major Subject: Veterinary Physiology FOLLICULAR CHANGES AND REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES IN CAPTIVE WHITE-TAILED DEER DURING THE BREEDING SEASON A Thesis by TIMOTHY GERARD BIEDIGER Approved as to style and content...

Biediger, Timothy Gerard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

334

Hypothetical Thermodynamic Properties: The Boiling and Critical Temperatures of Polyethylene and Polytetrafluoroethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hypothetical Thermodynamic Properties: The Boiling and Critical Temperatures of Polyethylene value asymptotically approaches TB() ) (1217 ( 246) K for series related to polyethylene by the melting temperature of polyethylene.4,5 In this article, the question of whether the normal boiling tem

Chickos, James S.

335

temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

temperature temperature Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

336

A Furnace Temperature Regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synopsis.By making the heating coil of an electric furnace one arm of a wheatstone bridge, and combining this with a galvanometer regulator, thus keeping constant the resistance of the coil, we can, regardless of variations in the current supply, and with no attention, maintain constant the temperature of furnaces not too directly influenced by the temperature of the room, or where the surrounding air is kept constant. The power available in this regulator is relatively very great indeed; nothing has to be inserted within the furnace cavity, and the lag is practically nothing; the regulator is often almost at its best under conditions most unfavorable to other regulators. It has held a small furnace constant to 0.1 for hours at temperatures from 500 to 1400.

Walter P. White and Leason H. Adams.

1919-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Temperature profile detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a temperature profile detector shown as a tubular enclosure surrounding an elongated electrical conductor having a plurality of meltable conductive segments surrounding it. Duplicative meltable segments are spaced apart from one another along the length of the enclosure. Electrical insulators surround these elements to confine molten material from the segments in bridging contact between the conductor and a second electrical conductor, which might be the confining tube. The location and rate of growth of the resulting short circuits between the two conductors can be monitored by measuring changes in electrical resistance between terminals at both ends of the two conductors. Additional conductors and separate sets of meltable segments operational at differing temperatures can be monitored simultaneously for measuring different temperature profiles. 8 figs.

Tokarz, R.D.

1983-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

338

Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient holes |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient holes Author T. G. Zacharakis Organization Colorado Geological Survey in Cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy...

339

Ch. VII, Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ch. VII, Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient holes Author T. G. Zacharakis Editor T. G. Zacharakis Published Colorado Geological Survey in Cooperation with the...

340

Fluorescent temperature sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a fluorescent temperature sensor or optical thermometer. The sensor includes a solution of 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane within a 1-butyl-1-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquid solvent. The 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane remains unassociated when in the ground state while in solution. When subjected to UV light, an excited state is produced that exists in equilibrium with an excimer. The position of the equilibrium between the two excited states is temperature dependent.

Baker, Gary A [Los Alamos, NM; Baker, Sheila N [Los Alamos, NM; McCleskey, T Mark [Los Alamos, NM

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

High Temperature Superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A brief review of the phenomenology of superconductivity, the distinction between type I and type II superconductors, and the application of type II superconductors is followed by a history of the theory of conventional superconductivity. Unconventional high-temperature superconductivity in the copper oxides is reviewed as a phenomenon occurring in narrow two-dimensional bands where the time for an electron transfer between like atoms is comparable to the period of an optical-mode lattice vibration. A family of iron pnictides containing layers of iron atoms may not require an alternative explanation of its high-temperature superconductivity.

J.B. Goodenough

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

343

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

344

Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to appropriate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. This invention also provides normalized cDNA libraries generated by the above-described method and uses of the generated libraries.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name A complete and normalized 61850 substation Country Spain Headquarters Location Madrid, Spain Coordinates 40.488735°, -3.284912° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.488735,"lon":-3.284912,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

346

Temperature differential detection device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A temperature differential detection device for detecting the temperature differential between predetermined portions of a container wall is disclosed as comprising a Wheatstone bridge circuit for detecting resistance imbalance with a first circuit branch having a first elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a predetermined portion of the container wall, a second circuit branch having a second elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a second predetermined portion of a container wall with the wire elements having a predetermined temperature-resistant coefficient, an indicator interconnected between the first and second branches remote from the container wall for detecting and indicating resistance imbalance between the first and second wire elements, and connector leads for electrically connecting the wire elements to the remote indicator in order to maintain the respective resistance value relationship between the first and second wire elements. The indicator is calibrated to indicate the detected resistance imbalance in terms of a temperature differential between the first and second wall portions.

Girling, Peter M. (Allentown, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Chemistry at High Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...347 the condensed phase. Both cases are...show the opposite behavior. These predictions...vapors. Condensed phase B203 B + B203 02...complex silicates and hydrates in high-temperature...characterized by phase diagrams (derived...doubt that thou-sands of new chemical materials...

John L. Margrave

1962-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

348

High Temperature Membrane Working Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The High Temperature Membrane Working Group consists of government, industry, and university researchers interested in developing high temperature membranes for fuel cells.

349

Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Spectral Collection of Polyethylene Pellets at nearly Cryogenic Temperature to Improve Selectivity of Raman Measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Raman spectroscopy has been extensively used for analysis of diverse polymer samples. Normally, Raman spectral collection of samples is routinely performed at room temperature for convenience. However, the feasibility of improving spectral selectivity and the resulting quantitative accuracy, when samples are measured at nearly cryogenic temperature, has not been investigated. For this purpose, we attempted to measure the density of polyethylene (PE) pellets at cryogenic temperatures and the resulting accuracies were compared with that from room temperature measurement. Initially, each of 25 PE sample was allowed to cool down to cryogenic temperature and the corresponding Raman spectra were continuously collected while the temperature of sample increased. When the temperature of sample was at cryogenic temperature, the resulting band widths were narrower compared to those at room temperature, thereby improving the accuracy of density measurement. In overall, the proposed Raman scheme is simple and efficient; therefore, it could be further applied for analysis of other polymers.

Kim, Saetbyeol; Lee, Sanguk; Hwang, Jinyoung; Chung, Hoeil [Analytical Spectroscopy Lab, Department of Chemistry, Hanyang University, Seoul, 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

351

Soil temperature, soil moisture and thaw depth, Barrow, Alaska, Ver. 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dataset consists of field measurements of soil properties made during 2012 and 2013 in areas A-D of Intensive Site 1 at the Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE) Arctic site near Barrow, Alaska. Included are i) weekly measurements of thaw depth, soil moisture, presence and depth of standing water, and soil temperature made during the 2012 and 2013 growing seasons (June - September) and ii) half-hourly measurements of soil temperature logged continuously during the period June 2012 to September 2013.

Sloan, V.L.; J.A. Liebig; M.S. Hahn; J.B. Curtis; J.D. Brooks; A. Rogers; C.M. Iversen; R.J. Norby

2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

352

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT FUNCTIONALS VIA?th University Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia Abstract The basic idea of density functional theory is to map potential which is a functional of the density. The central task of density functional theory is to #12;nd

Gross, E.K.U.

353

The Normal Vibrations of Bridged X$_{2}$ Y$_{6}$ Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...evidence that diborane has a bridge configuration rather than...that the terminal B-H links are normal single...the bonds forming the bridge are considerably weaker...greater length of the bridge links, and the small...hypothetical reaction 2BH B H involves the absorption...

1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Liquidliquid separation in solutions of normal and sickle cell hemoglobin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Liquid­liquid separation in solutions of normal and sickle cell hemoglobin Oleg Galkin*, Kai Chen, Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center, Bronx, NY 10461 Edited by John M. Prausnitz, University of California the nucleation of HbS polymers, whose formation is the primary pathogenic event for sickle cell anemia. In view

Vekilov, Peter

355

Oddelek za ziko Normal modes in the atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weather prediction. In section 3 I concentrate on the normal modes of a very simple model, shallow water #12;Numerical weather prediction is an initial condition problem. That means we need ini- tial-gravity waves just play their role, but in numerical models of the atmosphere, they can cause huge problems. 1

?umer, Slobodan

356

Some Properties of Realcompact Subspaces and Coarser Normal Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

William Fleissner. In 1997 Buzjakova proved that for a pseudocompact space X, there exists an ordinal such that the product of X and that ordinal condenses onto a normal space if and only if X condenses onto a compact space. In the third chapter, we extend...

Niknejad, Jila

2009-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

357

NAVARRO VERTICES AND NORMAL SUBGROUPS IN GROUPS OF ODD ORDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NAVARRO VERTICES AND NORMAL SUBGROUPS IN GROUPS OF ODD ORDER JAMES P. COSSEY Abstract. Let p be a prime and suppose G is a finite solvable group and is an ordinary irreducible character of G. Navarro character of Q, which is unique up to conjugacy. This pair is called the Navarro vertex

Cossey, James P.

358

Uptake of Hematoporphyrin Derivative by Normal and Malignant Cells: Effect of Serum, pH, Temperature, and Cell Size  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Clin Cancer Res 1999;5:643-54. 14 Sun H, Collins JM, Mangner TJ, Muzik O...Positron Imaging 2000;3:223-30. Distribution of 1-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl...hours after [3H]-FAU dosing, tissue distribution of total radioactivity and incorporation...

Ralph M. Bhmer and George Morstyn

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Asymptotic normalization coefficients for 14N+p -> O-15 and the astrophysical S factor for N-14(p, gamma)O-15  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-temperature firm a significantly lower production rate of 15O than was 9909787, PHY-0140343, and PHY-007091, ME 385~2000! ASYMPTOTIC NORMALIZATION COEFFICIENTS FOR . . . PHYSICAL REVIEW C 67, 065804 ~2003! @1# C. Rolfs and W. S. Rodney Cauldrons in the Cosmos...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Bem, P.; Brown, BA; Burjan, V.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Kroha, V.; Novak, J.; Nunes, FM; Paskor, S.; Pirlepesov, F.; Simeckova, E.; Tribble, Robert E.; Vincour, J.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

High Temperature Membrane Working Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation provides an overview of the High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting in May 2007.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Elevated temperature biaxial fatigue. Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 3 year experimental program for studying elevated temperature biaxial fatigue of a nickel based alloy Hastelloy-X has been completed. A new high temperature fatigue test facility with unique capabilities has been developed. Effort was directed toward understanding multiaxial fatigue and correlating the experimental data to the existing theories of fatigue failure. The difficult task of predicting fatigue lives for nonproportional loading was used as an ultimate test for various life prediction methods being considered. The primary means of reaching improved understanding were through several critical nonproportional loading experiments. The direction of cracking observed on failed specimens was also recorded and used to guide the development of the theory. Cyclic deformation responses were permanently recorded digitally during each test. It was discovered that the cracking mode switched from primarily cracking on the maximum shear planes at room temperature to cracking on the maximum normal strain planes at 649 C. In contrast to some other metals, loading path in nonproportional loading had little effect on fatigue lives. Strain rate had a small effect on fatigue lives at 649 C. Of the various correlating parameters the modified plastic work and octahedral shear stress were the most successful.

Jordan, E.H.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Thermal rectification of electrons in hybrid normal metal-superconductor nanojunctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We theoretically investigate heat transport in hybrid normal metal-superconductor (NS) nanojunctions focusing on the effect of thermal rectification. We show that the heat diode effect in the junction strongly depends on the transmissivity and the nature of the NS contact. Thermal rectification efficiency can reach up to ?123% for a fully transmissive ballistic junction and up to 84% in diffusive NS contacts. Both values exceed the rectification efficiency of a NIS tunnel junction (I stands for an insulator) by a factor close to ?5 and ?3, respectively. Furthermore, we show that for NS point-contacts with low transmissivity, inversion of the heat diode effect can take place. Our results could prove useful for tailoring heat management at the nanoscale, and for mastering thermal flux propagation in low-temperature caloritronic nanocircuitry.

Giazotto, F., E-mail: giazotto@sns.it [NEST, Instituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Bergeret, F. S., E-mail: sebastian-bergeret@ehu.es [Centro de Fsica de Materiales (CFM-MPC), Centro Mixto CSIC-UPV/EHU, Manuel de Lardizabal 4, E-20018 San Sebastin (Spain); Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), Manuel de Lardizabal 5, E-20018 San Sebastin (Spain)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

363

Energy Efficient Integration of Heat Pumps into Solar District Heating Systems with Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar district heating (SDH) with seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) is a technology to provide heat for space heating and domestic hot water preparation with a high fraction of renewable energy. In order to improve the efficiency of such systems heat pumps can be integrated. By preliminary studies it was discovered, that the integration of a heat pump does not always lead to improvements from an overall energy perspective, although the operation of the heat pump increases the efficiency of other components of the system e. g. the STES or the solar collectors. Thus the integration of heat pumps in SDH systems was investigated in detail. Usually, the heat pumps are integrated in such a way, that the STES is used as low temperature heat source. No other heat sources from the ambience are used and only that amount of energy consumed by the heat pump is additionally fed into the system. In the case of an electric driven heat pump, this is highly questionable concerning economic and CO2-emission aspects. Despite that fact the operation of the heat pump influences positively the performance of other components in the system e. g. the STES and makes them more efficient. If the primary energy consumption of the heat pump is lower than the energetic benefits of all other components, the integration makes sense from an energetic point of view. A detailed assessment has been carried out to evaluate the most promising system configurations for the integration of a heat pump. Based on this approach a system concept was developed in which the integration of the heat pump is energetically further improved compared to realised systems. By means of transient system simulations this concept was optimised with regard to the primary energy consumption. A parameter study of this new concept has been performed to identify the most sensitive parameters of the system. The main result and conclusion are that higher solar fractions and also higher primary energy savings can be achieved by SDH systems using heat pumps compared systems without heat pumps.

Roman Marx; Dan Bauer; Harald Drueck

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings 'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings 'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings November 27, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Giving energy-efficient gifts is an easy way to save money and energy year-round. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/nano Giving energy-efficient gifts is an easy way to save money and energy year-round. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/nano Christina Stowers Communications Specialist in the Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program How can I participate? Choose ENERGY STAR-certified products when picking out electronics for presents. The catchy advertising jingles are back, sale signs are in every window, and a man with a white beard, hearty laugh, and a stomach that shakes like a bowl full of jelly is sitting at every mall across the country. It's

365

'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings 'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings 'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings November 27, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Giving energy-efficient gifts is an easy way to save money and energy year-round. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/nano Giving energy-efficient gifts is an easy way to save money and energy year-round. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/nano Christina Stowers Communications Specialist in the Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program How can I participate? Choose ENERGY STAR-certified products when picking out electronics for presents. The catchy advertising jingles are back, sale signs are in every window, and a man with a white beard, hearty laugh, and a stomach that shakes like a bowl full of jelly is sitting at every mall across the country. It's

366

Saving Energy and Keeping Seniors Warm This Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Saving Energy and Keeping Seniors Warm This Season Saving Energy and Keeping Seniors Warm This Season Saving Energy and Keeping Seniors Warm This Season January 7, 2013 - 12:44pm Addthis Seniors check out the new energy-efficient fitness facility at the Rockville Senior Center. | Photo courtesy of Chris Galm, Energy Department. Seniors check out the new energy-efficient fitness facility at the Rockville Senior Center. | Photo courtesy of Chris Galm, Energy Department. Using money from a Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant, the Greater Randolph Senior Center installed a 7-kW Solar PV system to reduce energy consumption. | Photo courtesy of Bexar County, Texas. Using money from a Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant, the Greater Randolph Senior Center installed a 7-kW Solar PV system to reduce

367

South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday Lights South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday Lights December 20, 2011 - 1:12pm Addthis Carolers sing in front of Forest Acres, South Carolina's new LED holiday light display. | Photo courtesy of Richland County, S.C. Carolers sing in front of Forest Acres, South Carolina's new LED holiday light display. | Photo courtesy of Richland County, S.C. Eric Escudero Eric Escudero Senior Public Affairs Specialist & Contractor, Golden Field Office What does this mean for me? LED holiday lights reduce energy usage by 90 percent when compared to traditional incandescent lights. A South Carolina community is proving that energy efficiency can improve the holidays by reducing energy and maintenance costs, thanks to its new

368

South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday Lights South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday Lights December 20, 2011 - 1:12pm Addthis Carolers sing in front of Forest Acres, South Carolina's new LED holiday light display. | Photo courtesy of Richland County, S.C. Carolers sing in front of Forest Acres, South Carolina's new LED holiday light display. | Photo courtesy of Richland County, S.C. Eric Escudero Eric Escudero Senior Public Affairs Specialist & Contractor, Golden Field Office What does this mean for me? LED holiday lights reduce energy usage by 90 percent when compared to traditional incandescent lights. A South Carolina community is proving that energy efficiency can improve the holidays by reducing energy and maintenance costs, thanks to its new

369

Photo of the Week: Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season Photo of the Week: Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season May 15, 2013 - 1:16pm Addthis President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. The group met to discuss lessons learned during the response to Hurricane Sandy, as well as the ongoing preparations for 2013 hurricane season, which begins June 1. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8,

370

Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make the Grid More Resilient to Power Outages Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make the Grid More Resilient to Power Outages June 6, 2013 - 5:41pm Addthis President Barack Obama listens to then-Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. President Barack Obama listens to then-Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza.

371

Get Ahead of the Heating Season with an Energy Assessment | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ahead of the Heating Season with an Energy Assessment Ahead of the Heating Season with an Energy Assessment Get Ahead of the Heating Season with an Energy Assessment September 7, 2010 - 4:48pm Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory As I walked outside this morning, I noticed something- a chill in the air! I live in Colorado, where the nights get cooler long before the days do. This is the time where it's common to see people walking around with shorts and sweaters in the morning (gotta be prepared). The sight of my breath was a reminder that soon I'll be running my heater again and will want to run it as little as possible while staying comfortable. If that sounds like your plan, consider scheduling a home energy assessment. Also known as an energy audit, an energy assessment

372

Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make the Grid More Resilient to Power Outages Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make the Grid More Resilient to Power Outages June 6, 2013 - 5:41pm Addthis President Barack Obama listens to then-Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. President Barack Obama listens to then-Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza.

373

Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season November 8, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that just cleaning the lint screen before each and every load of laundry can save you an average of $34 per year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Kameleon007 The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that just cleaning the lint screen before each and every load of laundry can save you an average of $34 per year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Kameleon007 Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What are the key facts? Even after cleaning out your lint screen, there are other ways to make sure that your clothes dryer is running as efficiently as possible.

374

MAS 10.3 Seasonal Preparation 3/21/95 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Seasonal Preparation 3/21/95 3 Seasonal Preparation 3/21/95 MAS 10.3 Seasonal Preparation 3/21/95 The objective of this surveillance is to verify that the contractor is implementing appropriate measures to protect equipment and systems from damage due to the effects of cold weather. The Facility Representative evaluates systems necessary for the protection of the public and workers to determine if they have been adequately prepared for cold weather. The Facility Representative also examines other preparations for cold weather to ensure that materials are properly stored, permanent and auxiliary heating systems are functional, and other appropriate preparations have been completed. During the surveillance, the Facility Representative ensures that applicable DOE requirements have been implemented.

375

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative normal state Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electrotechnical devices to a normal state at an exceeding... with regard to a nucleate boiling regime (curve 1) these states correspond to a normal (point "al... that the...

376

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolutely normal bone Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

females (N 49). The data set consisted of bone biopsies from normal and vertebral fracture subjects... microradiographic studies of normal and oste- oporotic ... Source: Ecole...

377

Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Abstract: Microarray analysis indicated...

378

High temperature detonator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A detonator assembly is provided which is usable at high temperatures about 300.degree. C. A detonator body is provided with an internal volume defining an anvil surface. A first acceptor explosive is disposed on the anvil surface. A donor assembly having an ignition element, an explosive material, and a flying plate, are placed in the body effective to accelerate the flying plate to impact the first acceptor explosive on the anvil for detonating the first acceptor explosive. A second acceptor explosive is eccentrically located in detonation relationship with the first acceptor explosive to thereafter effect detonation of a main charge.

Johnson, James O. (Los Alamos, NM); Dinegar, Robert H. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Thermionic converter temperature controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner, Benjamin J. (McMurray, PA); Wolf, Joseph H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Johnson, Robert G. R. (Trafford, PA)

2001-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

380

Thermionic Converter Temperature Controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner,B. J.; Wolf, Joseph H.; Johnson, Robert G. R.

1999-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Drexel University Temperature Sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document summarizes background information and presents results related to temperature measurements in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) Drexel University Project 31091 irradiation. The objective of this test was to assess the radiation performance of new ceramic materials for advanced reactor applications. Accordingly, irradiations of transition metal carbides and nitrides were performed using the Hydraulic Shuttle Irradiation System (HSIS) in the B-7 position and in static capsules inserted into the A-3 and East Flux Trap Position 5 locations of the ATR.

K. L. Davis; D. L. Knudson; J. L. Rempe; B. M. Chase

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Measurement of normal contact stiffness of fractal rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effects of roughness and fractality on the normal contact stiffness of rough surfaces. Samples of isotropically roughened aluminium surfaces are considered. The roughness and fractal dimension were altered through blasting using different sized particles. Subsequently, surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was applied to the surfaces in order to modify the surface at the microscale. The surface topology was characterised by interferometry based profilometry. The normal contact stiffness was measured through nanoindentation with a flat tip utilising the partial unloading method. We focus on establishing the relationships between surface stiffness and roughness, combined with the effects of fractal dimension. The experimental results, for a wide range of surfaces, showed that the measured contact stiffness depended very closely on surfaces' root mean squared (RMS) slope and their fractal dimension, with correlation coefficients of around 90\\%, whilst a relatively weak correlation coefficient of 57\\% was found between the contact stiffness and RMS roughness.

Chongpu Zhai; Sbastien Bevand; Yixiang Gan; Dorian Hanaor; Gwnalle Proust; Bruno Guelorget; Delphine Retraint

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

383

Procedure for normalization of cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a cDNA library constructed in a vector capable of being converted to single-stranded circles and capable of producing complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles comprising: (a) converting the cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles; (c) hybridizing the single-stranded circles converted in step (a) with complementary nucleic acid molecules of step (b) to produce partial duplexes to an appropriate Cot; (e) separating the unhybridized single-stranded circles from the hybridized single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Bonaldo, Maria DeFatima (New York, NY); Soares, Marcelo Bento (New York, NY)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the design fabrication and performance test of a quasi three-dimensional carpet cloak made of normal dielectric in the microwave regime. Taking advantage of a simple linear coordinate transformation we design a carpet cloak with homogeneous anisotropic medium and then practically realize the device with multilayer of alternating normal dielectric slabs based on the effective medium theory. As a proof-of-concept example we fabricate the carpet cloak with multilayer of FR4 dielectric slabs with air spacing. The performance of the fabricated design is verified through full-wave numerical simulation and measurement of the far-field scattering electromagnetic waves in a microwave anechoic chamber. Experimental results have demonstrated pronounced cloaking effect in a very broad band from 8 GHz to 18 GHz (whole X and Ku band) due to the low loss non-dispersive feature of the multilayerdielectricstructure.

Xiaofei Xu; Yijun Feng; Shuai Xiong; Jinlong Fan; Jun-Ming Zhao; Tian Jiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Geometry and development of relay ramps in normal fault systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Normal fault zones play a major role in the development of basins and in the migration and trapping of hydrocarbons. The mapping of normal fault systems using seismic data requires careful correlation of faults on adjacent sections, a procedure that often leads to the interpretation of faults as having long, continuous, sinuous traces. Recent work involving detailed mapping of fault traces, first by using land exposures but more recently using three-dimensional seismics, has demonstrated that faults are usually made up of many overstepping segments, linked by areas of complex deformation, termed transfer zones or relay ramps. Relay ramps occur between normal fault segments that overstep in map view. The geometry and evolution of exposure-scale relay ramps are described from the Somerset coast, England, and are compared with larger scale ramps from elsewhere. Relay ramps can be classified into four groups based on the degree of interaction and linkage between the overstepping segments; these groups are interpreted as being evolutionary stages. In stage 1, the segments do not interact. Stage 2 involves the reorientation of bedding between two interacting faults to produce a relay ramp. In stage 3, connecting fractures start to break the relay ramp. Stage 4 is when the relay ramp is destroyed to produce a single fault that has an along-strike bend. These evolutionary stages can develop through time, but they can also be seen spatially. A branch line between normal faults or an along-strike bend may represent a stage 4 relay, with progressively earlier stages occurring updip or downdip. Characteristic variability in displacement-distance profiles for fault segments and linked faults accompanies the interaction and linkage processes. Displacement transfer by relay ramps is accompanied by steep displacement gradients along fault segments at oversteps. Relay ramps often contribute to a minimum in total fault displacement at a linkage point. 47 refs., 16 figs.

Peacock, D.C.P. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom) Univ. of Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)); Sanderson, D.J. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Normal completely positive maps on the space of quantum operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define a class of higher-order linear maps that transform quantum operations into quantum operations and satisfy suitable requirements of normality and complete positivity. For this class of maps we prove two dilation theorems which are the analogues of the Stinespring and Radon-Nikodym theorems for quantum operations. A structure theorem for probability measures with values in this class of higher-order maps is also derived.

Chiribella, G; Umanit, V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Higher-Rank Numerical Ranges of Unitary and Normal Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We verify a conjecture on the structure of higher-rank numerical ranges for a wide class of unitary and normal matrices. Using analytic and geometric techniques, we show precisely how the higher-rank numerical ranges for a generic unitary matrix are given by complex polygons determined by the spectral structure of the matrix. We discuss applications of the results to quantum error correction, specifically to the problem of identification and construction of codes for binary unitary noise models.

Man-Duen Choi; John A. Holbrook; David W. Kribs; Karol Zyczkowski

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

388

The plucked string: an example of non-normal dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motion of a single Fourier mode of the plucked string is an example of transient, free decay of coupled, damped oscillators. It shares the rarely discussed features of the generic case, e.g., possessing a complete set of non-orthogonal eigenvectors and no normal modes, but it can be analyzed and solved analytically by hand in an approximation that is appropriate to musical instruments' plucked strings.

Politzer, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Crowdsourcing urban air temperatures from smartphone battery?temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate air temperature observations in urban areas are important for meteorology and energy demand planning. They are indispensable to study the urban heat island effect and the adverse effects of high temperatures on ...

Overeem, A.

390

Morphometric and geometric characterization of normal faults on Mars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Using three different approaches (fault plane fitting, 3D crater rim palinspatic restorations and fault scarps morphometric analysis) we investigate the geometry and degradation history of Martian normal faults in two distinct areas. The three independent methods produce similar results, indicating that the average dip angle of the normal faults on these two locations is probably below the value that is usually assumed for Mars (?60). Our best estimate for this average dip angle is 46.8 9.8 , which is a value comparable with the mean dip angle inferred on Earth for seismically active normal faults. This lower average dip angle implies that all the rift strain estimates performed until now might be underestimated. From the comparative analysis of the two faulted regions (Phlegethon Catena and Claritas Fossae), we show that local and regional dip variabilities may exist on Mars. This reinforces the idea that the amount of extension associated with Martian rifts must be reconsidered. We also demonstrate the advantages of performing a comparative morphometric analysis of fault scarps. This approach enables the reconstruction of the faults scarps degradation history and can be used to evaluate how environmental conditions changed through time. After modeling the degradation of the fault scarps at the two sites we conclude that the observed morphometric variations are mainly due to the different faulting ages in an environment characterized by low scarp degradation rates ( 4 10 ? 3 m 2 / kyr ) over the last 3 Ga.

David A. Vaz; Mauro G. Spagnuolo; Simone Silvestro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Surface tension with Normal Curvature in Curved Space-Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With an aim to include the contribution of surface tension in the action of the boundary, we define the tangential pressure in terms of surface tension and Normal curvature in a more naturally geometric way. First, we show that the negative tangential pressure is independent of the four-velocity of a very thin hyper-surface. Second, we relate the 3-pressure of a surface layer to the normal curvature and the surface tension. Third, we relate the surface tension to the energy of the surface layer. Four, we show that the delta like energy flows across the hyper-surface will be zero for such a representation of intrinsic 3-pressure. Five, for the weak field approximation and for static spherically symmetric configuration, we deduce the classical Kelvin's relation. Six, we write a modified action for the boundary having contributions both from surface tension and normal curvature of the surface layer. Also we propose a method to find the physical action assuming a reference background, where the background is not flat.

Himanshu kumar; Sharf Alam; Suhail Ahmad

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Experiment Design and First Season Observations with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the instrumentation, experiment design and data reduction for the first season of observations with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer (DASI), a compact microwave interferometer designed to measure anisotropy in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) on degree and sub-degree scales (l=100--900). The telescope was deployed at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole research station during the 1999--2000 austral summer and conducted observations of the CMB throughout the following austral winter. In its first season of observations, DASI has mapped CMB fluctuations in 32 fields, each 3.4 deg across, with high sensitivity.

E. M. Leitch; C. Pryke; N. W. Halverson; J. Kovac; G. Davidson; S. LaRoque; E. Schartman; J. Yamasaki; J. E. Carlstrom; W. L. Holzapfel; M. Dragovan; J. K. Cartwright; B. S. Mason; S. Padin; T. J. Pearson; M. C. Shepherd; A. C. S. Readhead

2001-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

Seasonal tolerance in the boll weevil: Anthonomus grandis, BOH., to several insecticides.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of' . . QLSTEL OF SCIENCE 'My 1961 . Iajor Sub)ectt Entomology SEASONAL TOLERANCE IN THE POLI WEEVIL, ANTHONOMUS GRANDIS, BOH. , TO SEVERAL INSECTICIDES A Thesis Travis L. Pate Approved as to style and oontent bye a rman o... developed resistance to many of the insecti- cides presently used during the past 10 to 15 years as a result of their extensive use. Seasonal tolerance to some of these organic insecticides has been observed. These aevelopments have been of much concern...

Pate, Travis Leon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

394

The Greenhouse Effect Temperature Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Greenhouse Effect #12;Temperature Equilibrium The Earth is in equilibrium with the Sun temperature is about 14C, or 287K. The 40K difference is due to the greenhouse effect. Essentially all

Walter, Frederick M.

395

Low Temperature Proton Conductivity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and and MEAs at Freezing Temperatures Thomas A. Zawodzinski, Jr. Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio 2 Freezing Fuel Cells: Impact on MEAS Below 0 o C *Transport processes/motions slow down: questions re: lower conductivity,water mobility etc *Residual water will have various physical effects in different portions of the MEA questions re: durability of components 3 3 'States' of Water in Proton Conductors ? Freezing (bulk), bound freezable, bound non freezable water states claimed based on DSC * Freezing water more mobile, allegedly important for high conductivity Analysis common for porous systems Does the presence of these states matter? Why? 4 'State of Water' in PEMs At T < 0 o C *'Liquid-like' water freezes *'Non-freezing' fraction: water of solvation at pore

396

Radiation Minimum Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Frost resulting from cooling of vegetation by nocturnal radiation is a serious agricultural problem. Because of the number of variables involved attacks on this problem from a purely theoretical point of view have met with only moderate success. It seems logical to suppose that an instrument might be devised which would speed up the natural radiation processes and enable an observer to obtain in a few hours a measure of the cooling which occurs naturally over a period of 12 to 14 hr. Such an instrument could serve as a frost warning device. This paper describes the construction of a radiation device and presents experimental evidence to show that it can be used as a predictor of freezing temperatures at vegetation level.

Francis K. Davis Jr.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

A Statistical Selection Strategy for Normalization Procedures in LC-MS Proteomics Experiments through Dataset Dependent Ranking of Normalization Scaling Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantification of LC-MS peak intensities assigned during peptide identification in a typical comparative proteomics experiment will deviate from run-to-run of the instrument due to both technical and biological variation. Thus, normalization of peak intensities across a LC-MS proteomics dataset is a fundamental step in pre-processing. However, the downstream analysis of LC-MS proteomics data can be dramatically affected by the normalization method selected . Current normalization procedures for LC-MS proteomics data are presented in the context of normalization values derived from subsets of the full collection of identified peptides. The distribution of these normalization values is unknown a priori. If they are not independent from the biological factors associated with the experiment the normalization process can introduce bias into the data, which will affect downstream statistical biomarker discovery. We present a novel approach to evaluate normalization strategies, where a normalization strategy includes the peptide selection component associated with the derivation of normalization values. Our approach evaluates the effect of normalization on the between-group variance structure in order to identify candidate normalization strategies that improve the structure of the data without introducing bias into the normalized peak intensities.

Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Matzke, Melissa M.; Jacobs, Jon M.; Pounds, Joel G.; Waters, Katrina M.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES PETER SIN Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence matrices. A general discussion of techniques is illustrated, the fundamental invariant is the Smith normal form of A, whose definition we now recall. A square integer matrix

Sin, Peter

399

High-Temperature Water Splitting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

High-temperature water splitting (a "thermochemical" process) is a long-term technology in the early stages of development.

400

Battery system with temperature sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery system to monitor temperature includes at least one cell with a temperature sensing device proximate the at least one cell. The battery system also includes a flexible member that holds the temperature sensor proximate to the at least one cell.

Wood, Steven J.; Trester, Dale B.

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Statistics of particle time-temperature histories.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particles in non - isothermal turbulent flow are subject to a stochastic environment tha t produces a distribution of particle time - temperature histories. This distribution is a function of the dispersion of the non - isothermal (continuous) gas phase and the distribution of particles relative to that gas phase. In this work we extend the one - dimensional turbulence (ODT) model to predict the joint dispersion of a dispersed particle phase and a continuous phase. The ODT model predicts the turbulent evolution of continuous scalar fields with a model for the cascade of fluctuations to smaller sc ales (the 'triplet map') at a rate that is a function of the fully resolved one - dimens ional velocity field . Stochastic triplet maps also drive Lagrangian particle dispersion with finite Stokes number s including inertial and eddy trajectory - crossing effect s included. Two distinct approaches to this coupling between triplet maps and particle dispersion are developed and implemented along with a hybrid approach. An 'instantaneous' particle displacement model matches the tracer particle limit and provide s an accurate description of particle dispersion. A 'continuous' particle displacement m odel translates triplet maps into a continuous velocity field to which particles respond. Particles can alter the turbulence, and modifications to the stochastic rate expr ession are developed for two - way coupling between particles and the continuous phase. Each aspect of model development is evaluated in canonical flows (homogeneous turbulence, free - shear flows and wall - bounded flows) for which quality measurements are ava ilable. ODT simulations of non - isothermal flows provide statistics for particle heating. These simulations show the significance of accurately predicting the joint statistics of particle and fluid dispersion . Inhomogeneous turbulence coupled with the in fluence of the mean flow fields on particles of varying properties alter s particle dispersion. The joint particle - temperature dispersion leads to a distribution of temperature histories predicted by the ODT . Predictions are shown for the lower moments an d the full distributions of the particle positions, particle - observed gas temperatures and particle temperatures. An analysis of the time scales affecting particle - temperature interactions covers Lagrangian integral time scales based on temperature autoco rrelations, rates of temperature change associated with particle motion relative to the temperature field and rates of diffusional change of temperatures. These latter two time scales have not been investigated previously; they are shown to be strongly in termittent having peaked distributions with long tails. The logarithm of the absolute value of these time scales exhibits a distribution closer to normal. A cknowledgements This work is supported by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) under their Counter - Weapons of Mass Destruction Basic Research Program in the area of Chemical and Biological Agent Defeat under award number HDTRA1 - 11 - 4503I to Sandia National Laboratories. The authors would like to express their appreciation for the guidance provi ded by Dr. Suhithi Peiris to this project and to the Science to Defeat Weapons of Mass Destruction program.

Hewson, John C.; Lignell, David O.; Sun, Guangyuan

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide April 3, 2009 - 5:47pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL If you're a regular visitor to EERE's Consumer's Guide to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, you may have noticed some changes this week. The site has moved to EnergySavers.gov and is now called "Energy Savers." The same in-depth information is still available, and we hope this new address will make the site easier for people to find. Along with this move came a home page facelift. Visit the site at EnergySavers.gov and let us know what you think! In the spirit of spring renewal, we've also refreshed our seasonal Web site; the winter "Stay Warm, Save Money" site is now " Stay Cool, Save

403

EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide April 3, 2009 - 5:47pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL If you're a regular visitor to EERE's Consumer's Guide to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, you may have noticed some changes this week. The site has moved to EnergySavers.gov and is now called "Energy Savers." The same in-depth information is still available, and we hope this new address will make the site easier for people to find. Along with this move came a home page facelift. Visit the site at EnergySavers.gov and let us know what you think! In the spirit of spring renewal, we've also refreshed our seasonal Web site; the winter "Stay Warm, Save Money" site is now " Stay Cool, Save

404

Seasonality in Community Water Demand Ronald C. Griffin and Chan Chang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are more price responsive than winter demands implies that price can be a more effective al- locative tool price, (b) demand price elasticity appears to vary seasonally, and (c) the demand price specification functional forms are contrasted for their abilities to identify monthly price elasticities. Results

Griffin, Ronald

405

Edinburgh Research Explorer Can seasonal and interannual variation in landscape CO2 fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edinburgh Research Explorer Can seasonal and interannual variation in landscape CO2 fluxes be detected by atmospheric observations of CO2 concentrations made at a tall tower? Citation for published in landscape CO2 fluxes be detected by atmospheric observations of CO2 concentrations made at a tall tower

Millar, Andrew J.

406

Assessing Seasonal Confounding and Model Selection Bias in Air Pollution Epidemiology Using Positive and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 15, 1999 #12;Abstract Much of the evidence for health e ects of particulate air pollution has come. We thus refer to the `air pollution hypothesis' to describe increased risk of health outcomes dueAssessing Seasonal Confounding and Model Selection Bias in Air Pollution Epidemiology Using

Washington at Seattle, University of

407

Variations in streamflow response to large hurricane-season storms in a southeastern US watershed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Floods caused by hurricane storms are responsible for tremendous economic and property losses in the U.S. In order to minimize flood damages associated with large hurricane season storms, it is important to be able to predict streamflow amount in ...

Xing Chen; Mukesh Kumar; Brian L. McGlynn

408

Three-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the diurnal and seasonal variations in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Schumann resonance parameters Heng Yang1 and Victor P. Pasko1 Received 3 October 2005; revised 27 January of Schumann resonances (SR) have been reported in a number of experiments. In this paper, a three to study the diurnal and seasonal variability of the power and frequency of the first Schumann resonance

Pasko, Victor

409

Atmospheric Environment 39 (2005) 39673976 Seasonal trends in PM2.5 source contributions in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as dust (20%), secondary sulfate (17%), secondary nitrate (10%), coal combustion (7%), diesel and gasoline heating season, the contributions from coal combustion and biomass aerosol to PM2.5 mass increased of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA c Environmental Chemistry and Technology Program, University of Wisconsin

Zheng, Mei

410

SEASONAL V A R IA TIONS IN STRUCTURE AND CIRCULATION IN THE RED SEA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL V A R IA TIONS IN STRUCTURE AND CIRCULATION IN THE RED SEA A DISSERTATION SUBMITTE D and surface circulation in the Red Sea, occur r ing along the north-south axis of the Sea and extending fr om on in the northern Red Sea is frorn the nor th-northwest throughout the year' during the winter ( fr om October

Luther, Douglas S.

411

The Auk 117(3):709717, 2000 SEASONAL FRUIT PREFERENCES FOR LIPIDS AND SUGARS BY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

709 The Auk 117(3):709­717, 2000 SEASONAL FRUIT PREFERENCES FOR LIPIDS AND SUGARS BY AMERICAN AND TIMOTHY WORK4 Department of Biology, Hope College, Holland, Michigan 49423, USA ABSTRACT.--Fruit preference by birds is a complex process based upon the morphology and spatial arrangement of fruits

Radeloff, Volker C.

412

Impact of Verification Grid-Box Size on Warm-Season QPF Skill Measures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 10-km-grid-spacing version of NCEP's Eta Model was used to simulate 11 warm-season convective systems occurring over the U.S. upper midwest. Quantitative precipitation forecasts (QPFs) from the model valid for 6-h periods were verified using 4-...

William A. Gallus Jr.

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

XI. DIFFUSEGLOBAL CORRELATIONS: SEASONAL VARIATIONS Estimating the performance of a solar system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is measured on a horizontal surface and intensity on the tilted collector surface is calculated via a two39 XI. DIFFUSE­GLOBAL CORRELATIONS: SEASONAL VARIATIONS Estimating the performance of a solar system requires an accurate assessment of incident solar radiation. Ordinarily, solar radiation

Oregon, University of

414

Preplant Burndown and In-Season Sharpen Use in Cotton J.W. Keeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preplant Burndown and In-Season Sharpen Use in Cotton J.W. Keeling J.D. Reed J.L. Spradley W as a preplant burndown treatment prior to cotton planting and during the fallow period following harvest amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri), morningglory (Ipomoea spp.), and volunteer cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) when

Mukhtar, Saqib

415

The seasonal relationship between assault and homicide in England and Wales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, United States Accepted 26 March 2008 and homicide in the same population over the same period of time. One group found assault was seasonal, we require the assault and homicide data to come from the same population over the same time period

Judd, Kevin

416

Deep-Sea Research II 53 (2006) 555575 Spatial and seasonal patterns of carbon cycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the world's ocean and has been an area of intense scientific interest for several decades (Wu¨ st, 1959Deep-Sea Research II 53 (2006) 555­575 Spatial and seasonal patterns of carbon cycling through stations in the Arabian Sea. The goal of this work was to characterize carbon flows and trophic transfers

Jackson, George

417

SEASONAL VARIATION IN SURVIVAL OF LARVAL NORTHERN ANCHOVY, ENGRAULIS MORDAX, ESTIMATED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the observed greater recruitment in 1978 and is consistent with the hypothesis that offshore transport is found within the North Sea where the short spawn- ing season of each herring population bears a fixed surveys (Kramer et aL 1972) on the sampling grid (Fig. 1) of the California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries

418

Seasonal Mean Circulation in the Yellow Sea A ModelGenerated Climatology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Mean Circulation in the Yellow Sea ­ A Model­Generated Climatology Christopher E. Naimie 1://www­nml.dartmouth.edu/Publications/external publications/PUB­00­1 email: d.r.lynch@dartmouth.edu Abstract The three­dimensional climatological circulation

419

Seasonal cycles of O3, CO, and convective outflow at the tropical tropopause  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas species. There is a significant seasonal cycle in ozone (O3) at the tropical tropopause, both a radiative transfer model [Fu and Liou, 1992]. This was done at 10 ozone- sonde stations from the SHADOZ network (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesonde ozonesonde stations [Thompson et al., 2003a, 2003b

Thompson, Anne

420

SEASONAL AND INSHORE-OFFSHORE VARIATIONS IN THE STANDING STOCKS OF MICRONEKTON AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL AND INSHORE-OFFSHORE VARIATIONS IN THE STANDING STOCKS OF MICRONEKTON AND MACROZOOPLANKTON OFF OREGON WILLIAM G. PEARCyl ABSTRACT Dry weights of pelagic animals captured along an inshore-offshore, shrimps, and squids) were largest inshore (28 and 46 km offshore) in the winter (November

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Indirect validation of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide retrieved from the OMI satellite instrument: Insight into the seasonal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Click Here for Full Article Indirect validation of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide retrieved from nitrogen dioxide retrieved from the OMI satellite instrument: Insight into the seasonal variation of the hydroxyl radical (OH). Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is an indicator of surface air quality that is associated

Dirksen, Ruud

422

Seasonal variation of upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Impact of sea ice cover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that lateral ocean heat flux from the shelf to the basin melts a substantial amount of ice in the marginal iceSeasonal variation of upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Impact of sea ice cover Lena M to characterize differences in upwelling near the shelf break in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea due to varying sea ice

Pickart, Robert S.

423

Seasonal variation of upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Impact of sea ice cover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ocean heat flux42 from the shelf to the basin melts a substantial amount of ice in the marginal ice Seasonal variation of upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Impact of sea ice cover Lena M the shelfbreak in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea due to3 varying sea-ice conditions. The record is divided into three

Pickart, Robert S.

424

Water Research 37 (2003) 37563766 Seasonal and daily variations in concentrations of methyl-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by volume to gasoline from November to February, and blending 11% MTBE by volume during the rest of the year; accepted 24 March 2003 Abstract Methyl-tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), an additive used to oxygenate gasoline of gasoline-powered watercraft. This paper documents and explains both seasonal and daily variations in MTBE

Toran, Laura

425

Small-scale variation in growing season length affects size structure of scarlet monkeyflower  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Levine, Dept of Integrative Biology, Univ. of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Present address for JLW: Division of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA (jennifer. of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9610, USA. All organisms must contend with seasonality, which affects

Williams, Jennifer L.

426

Seasonal dynamics of sea surface salinity off Panama: The far Eastern Pacific Fresh Pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal dynamics of sea surface salinity off Panama: The far Eastern Pacific Fresh Pool Gaël Alory is confined between Panama's west coast and 85 W in December and extends westward to 95 W in April. Strong SSS at the surface, along with hydrographic profiles. The fresh pool appears off Panama due to the strong summer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

State of Maine residential heating oil survey: 1995--1996 season summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Maine the cash price is surveyed, as opposed to lthe retail or charge price, as it has been identified as the price most often paid by Maine consumers. As one can see from the chart in this report, the 1995-1996 cash prices for No. 2 heating oil can be characterized as having an upward trend and much more fluctuation than last years` relatively flat line. The 1995-96 heating season started at the closing price of the previous season and for the first few weeks prices were lower than most of the 1994-95 trendline. When the weather became cooler, however, prices were on a steady incline until well into the winter. Prices leveled off for most of the rest of the season with a dramatic surge on the last week of the survey. The average statewide cash price for No. 2 heating oil this year was .861 1 cents, approximately ten cents higher than the average for 1994-1995 which was .7661 cents per gallon. It has been the observation of the SPO that during most of the 1995-1996 season, Maine`s prices showed a direct correspondence with New England rack or wholesale prices. It appeared that they never fluctuated more than 3-4 cents from each other.

Elder, B.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

The adaptive value of energy storage and capital breeding in seasonal environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

where reproductive values are used to optimise energy allocation and diapause strategies over the yearThe adaptive value of energy storage and capital breeding in seasonal environments ?ystein Varpe breeding was also used to increase egg production rates at times of income breeding. For individuals born

Heino, Mikko

429

Cloud frequency climatology at the Andes/Amazon transition: 1. Seasonal and diurnal cycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud frequency climatology at the Andes/Amazon transition: 1. Seasonal and diurnal cycles Kate-scale cloud patterns. We examine the cloud climatology of a tropical Andean montane region in the context Satellite Cloud Climatology Project) DX cloud product (1983­2008), MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging

Malhi, Yadvinder

430

Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1 L.M. ANDREASSEN2,3 1 Department of Earth@ess.washington.edu 2 Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE), PO Box 5091, Majorstua, NO-0301 Oslo, Norway 3 Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway ABSTRACT

Rasmussen, L.A.

431

Seasonal variation in the energy content of benthic macroinvertebrates of Lake Nainital, U.P., India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper discusses seasonal variation in the energy contents of four macrobenthic invertebrates of Lake Nainital during 197778. The energy values varied from 1697119437 J/g...Tubifex tubifex, 16 51120 231 J/g...

P. K. Gupta; M. C. Pant

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Seasonal measurements of acetone and methanol: Abundances and implications for atmospheric budgets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2002] and photochemical produc- tion from hydrocarbon precursors. Methanol is often the most abundantSeasonal measurements of acetone and methanol: Abundances and implications for atmospheric budgets December 2005; published 21 February 2006. [1] Acetone and methanol have been measured hourly at a rural

Cohen, Ronald C.

433

Potato Late blight Update and Late Season Recommendations Willie Kirk. PLP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Potato Late blight Update and Late Season Recommendations Willie Kirk. PLP Potato late blight has confirmations in potatoes have been the US-23 genotype. This was confirmed by GPI allozyme analysis. Conditions remain conducive for late blight in potato crops and the risk of tuber blight is high especially

Douches, David S.

434

INVESTIGATION OF SEASONAL SEA-ICE THICKNESS VARIABILITY IN THE ROSS SEA Beth A. Schellenberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

routinely produced weekly ice charts since the 1970's. From the period of 1995 to 2000, classificationINVESTIGATION OF SEASONAL SEA-ICE THICKNESS VARIABILITY IN THE ROSS SEA Beth A. Schellenberg P1.23 1. INTRODUCTION A number of studies suggest a connections between sea-ice variability

Geiger, Cathleen

435

Seasonal predictions of ice extent in the Arctic Ocean R. W. Lindsay,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Service and the U. S. National Ice Center) produces summer outlooks of ice conditions for specific regionsSeasonal predictions of ice extent in the Arctic Ocean R. W. Lindsay,1 J. Zhang,1 A. J. Schweiger,1 29 February 2008. [1] How well can the extent of arctic sea ice be predicted for lead periods of up

Zhang, Jinlun

436

Seasonal contrast in the surface energy balance of the Sahel R. L. Miller,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Africa, soil moisture is often so depleted that solar heating is balanced mainly by longwave radiationSeasonal contrast in the surface energy balance of the Sahel R. L. Miller,1,2 A. Slingo,3,4 J. C (AMF) in Niamey, Niger, evaporation makes a significant contribution to the surface energy balance only

437

Study of Applications of Solar Heating Systems with Seasonal Storage in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In most northern parts of China, it is cold in winter and needs space heating in winter. This paper studies applications of solar heating systems with seasonal storage in China. A typical residential district was selected, and a solar heating system...

Yu, G.; Zhao, X.; Chen, P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Supporting Online Material for: Carbon in Amazon forests: Unexpected seasonal fluxes and disturbance-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forest, and the effects of selective logging and land-use change. Three eddy covariance towers operate the Santarém-Cuiabá highway (1), plus the Km 67 and Km 83 tower sites, which constitute a control seasonal variations in important climatic variables at this site: solar radiation, net radiation, air

439

Prediction of Seasonal Atlantic Basin Accumulated Cyclone Energy from 1 July PHILIP J. KLOTZBACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with several no-skill metrics (Klotzbach and Gray 2009), with the early April forecast showing less skill approximately 80% of the cross-validated hindcast variance for integrated seasonal metrics such as net tropical- lized primarily weather station and radiosonde data (e.g., Gray et al. 1994). During the past 10­15 yr

Gray, William

440

WindEvaporation Feedback and Abrupt Seasonal Transitions of Weak, Axisymmetric Hadley Circulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind­Evaporation Feedback and Abrupt Seasonal Transitions of Weak, Axisymmetric Hadley Circulations dynamics because the barotropic component of the Hadley circulation, which is coupled to the baroclinic-equatorial Hadley cell can create barotropic westerlies that constructively add to the baroclinic wind

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Seasonal salt budget of the northwestern tropical Atlantic Ocean along 38o  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cycle of local storage. 1. Introduction Salinity affects the density of seawater, spatial gradients cycle of local storage. The strongest seasonal cycle of precipitation occurs at 8o N and is balanced by horizontal advection and local storage. At 12o N the balance is mostly local, with only a minor contribution

Carton, James

442

Seasonal Variation in Monthly Average Air Change Rates Using Passive Tracer Gas Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of indoor air pollution sources. Concurrently, great efforts are made to make buildings energy efficient 1970s, while less attention has been paid to IAQ. Insufficient venting of indoor air pollutantsSeasonal Variation in Monthly Average Air Change Rates Using Passive Tracer Gas Measurements Marie

Hansen, René Rydhof

443

Transport pathways for Asian pollution outflow over the Pacific: Interannual and seasonal variations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Synoptic-scale meteorology; KEYWORDS: pollution transport, outflow emissions and of the export of Asian pollution to the global atmosphere. This was one of the majorTransport pathways for Asian pollution outflow over the Pacific: Interannual and seasonal

Liu, Hongyu

444

Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF TAXODIUM DISTICHUM Robert_Adams@baylor.edu ABSTRACT The leaf essential oil of Taxodium distichum is dominated by -pinene (63-69%) with moderate amounts of limonene, - phellandrene, myrcene and -pinene. Oil yield increased from April (3.45 mg

Adams, Robert P.

445

Ecological assessment of Phragmites australis wetlands using multi-season2 SPOT-5 scenes3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Ecological assessment of Phragmites australis wetlands using multi-season2 SPOT-5 scenes3 4 5 indices; multitemporal46 imagery; Phragmites australis; vegetation structure, SPOT-5 satellite; state).59 Common reed Phragmites australis (Cav. Trin. ex Steudel) is the most widely distributed60 flowering plant

Boyer, Edmond

446

Hot Pot Contoured Temperature Gradient Map  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temperature gradient contours derived from Oski temperature gradient hole program and from earlier published information.

Lane, Michael

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

447

Hot Pot Contoured Temperature Gradient Map  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Temperature gradient contours derived from Oski temperature gradient hole program and from earlier published information.

Lane, Michael

448

Statistics and scaling properties of temperature field in symmetrical non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq turbulent convection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The influence of symmetrical non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq (SNOB) effect on statistical and scaling properties of temperature field in turbulent convection is investigated experimentally in $SF_{6}$ in the vicinity of its gas-liquid critical point (CP). The main conclusion of the studies is that besides the strong $Ra$ and $Pr$ dependence of the rms of temperature fluctuations normalized by the temperature difference across the cell, different from the Oberbeck-Boussinesq (OB) case of turbulent convection, all rest of statistical and scaling properties of temperature field discussed in details are the same as in the OB case.

Yuri Burnishev; Victor Steinberg

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

449

Seasonal and interannual variability in algal biomass and primary production in the Mediterranean Sea, as derived from 4 years of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal and interannual variability in algal biomass and primary production in the Mediterranean biomass and primary production on a long- term basis is required to detect possible modificationsWiFS observations. Seasonal variations of algal biomass (estimated using a previously developed regional algorithm

Bricaud, Annick

450

An estimate of monthly global emissions of anthropogenic CO2: Impact on the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An estimate of monthly global emissions of anthropogenic CO2: Impact on the seasonal cycle of anthropogenic CO2 are presented. Approximating the seasonal CO2 emission cycle using a 2-harmonic Fourier series with regions of strong anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Citation: Erickson, D. J., III, R. T. Mills, J. Gregg, T. J

Hoffman, Forrest M.

451

Instrumented elephant seals reveal the seasonality in chlorophyll and light-mixing regime in the iron-fertilized Southern Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instrumented elephant seals reveal the seasonality in chlorophyll and light-mixing regime and salinity provided by sensors mounted on the elephant seals of Kerguelen Island. Our results were mainly. Xing, H. Claustre, and C. Guinet (2013), Instrumented elephant seals reveal the seasonality

Claustre, Hervé

452

Seasonal dripwater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca variations driven by cave ventilation: Implications for and modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal dripwater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca variations driven by cave ventilation: Implications of Mg/ Ca (and Sr/Ca) and Sr isotopes is key in delineating whether Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca variations seasonal variations in dripwater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca, whereas the other drip sites do not. In contrast

Banner, Jay L.

453

Combinatorics and Boson normal ordering: A gentle introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a general combinatorial framework for operator ordering problems by applying it to the normal ordering of the powers and exponential of the boson number operator. The solution of the problem is given in terms of Bell and Stirling numbers enumerating partitions of a set. This framework reveals several inherent relations between ordering problems and combinatorial objects, and displays the analytical background to Wick's theorem. The methodology can be straightforwardly generalized from the simple example given herein to a wide class of operators.

Blasiak, P; Penson, K A; Solomon, A I; Duchamp, G H E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Combinatorics and Boson normal ordering: A gentle introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a general combinatorial framework for operator ordering problems by applying it to the normal ordering of the powers and exponential of the boson number operator. The solution of the problem is given in terms of Bell and Stirling numbers enumerating partitions of a set. This framework reveals several inherent relations between ordering problems and combinatorial objects, and displays the analytical background to Wick's theorem. The methodology can be straightforwardly generalized from the simple example given herein to a wide class of operators.

P. Blasiak; A. Horzela; K. A. Penson; A. I. Solomon; G. H. E. Duchamp

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

455

Frequency combs and platicons in optical microresonators with normal GVD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We predict the existence of a novel type of the flat-top dissipative solitonic pulses, "platicons", in microresonators with normal group velocity dispersion (GVD). We propose methods to generate these platicons from cw pump. Their duration may be altered significantly by tuning the pump frequency. The transformation of a discrete energy spectrum of dark solitons of the Lugiato-Lefever equation into a quasicontinuous spectrum of platicons is demonstrated. Generation of similar structures is also possible with bi-harmonic, phase/amplitude modulated pump or via laser injection locking.

Lobanov, V E; Kippenberg, T J; Gorodetsky, M L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Asymptotic normalization coefficients for B-10->Be-9+p  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

started the Asymptotic normalization coefficient A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, H. L. Clark, C. A. Gagliardi, Y.-W Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University V. Burjan, J. Cejpek Institute for Nuclear Physics, Czech Academ F. Carstoi Institute of Atomic...! the 7Be(p ,g)8B radiative capture cross section at ver astrophysics. @S0556-2813~97!02109-2# PACS number~s!: 25.70.Hi, 21.10.Jx, 24.10.Ht, 25.70.B I. INTRODUCTION Despite considerable experimental and theoretical progress in determining...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Clark, HL; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Lui, YW; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Xu, HM; Zhou, XG; Burjan, V.; Cejpek, J.; Kroha, V.; Carstoiu, F.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Crossover SAFT Equation of State:? Application for Normal Alkanes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crossover SAFT Equation of State:? Application for Normal Alkanes ... In this paper we develop a crossover modification of the statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT) equation of state for macromolecular chain fluids which incorporates the scaling laws asymptotically close to the critical point and is transformed into the original classical SAFT equation of state far away from the critical point. ... We show that, over a wide range of states, the crossover SAFT model yields a much better representation of the thermodynamic properties of pure fluids than the original SAFT equation of state. ...

S. B. Kiselev; J. F. Ely

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

458

Quantum Chemistry at Finite Temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article, we present emerging fields of quantum chemistry at finite temperature. We discuss its recent developments on both experimental and theoretical fronts. First, we describe several experimental investigations related to the temperature effects on the structures, electronic spectra, or bond rupture forces for molecules. These include the analysis of the temperature impact on the pathway shifts for the protein unfolding by atomic force microscopy (AFM), the temperature dependence of the absorption spectra of electrons in solvents, and the temperature influence over the intermolecular forces measured by the AFM. On the theoretical side, we review advancements made by the author in the coming fields of quantum chemistry at finite temperature. Starting from the Bloch equation, we have derived the sets of hierarchy equations for the reduced density operators in both canonical and grand canonical ensembles. They provide a law according to which the reduced density operators vary in temperature for the identical and interacting many-body systems. By taking the independent particle approximation, we have solved the equations in the case of a grand canonical ensemble, and obtained an energy eigenequation for the molecular orbitals at finite temperature. The explicit expression for the temperature-dependent Fock operator is also given. They form a mathematical foundation for the examination of the molecular electronic structures and their interplay with finite temperature. Moreover, we clarify the physics concerning the temperature effects on the electronic structures or processes of the molecules, which is crucial for both theoretical understanding and computation. Finally, ....

Liqiang Wei

2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

459

Seasonal variation of upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric equatorial waves over the tropical Pacific  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric wind data spanning 31 years from 1964 to 1994 were analyzed at rawinsonde stations in the central/western Pacific. Traditional spectral and cross-spectral analysis led to the conclusion that there is a significant signal with periods between 3 and 4.5 days, which the authors link with the dominant antisymmetric waves predicted by theory to have these periods, mixed Rossby-gravity waves, and equatorial Rossby waves. Then the authors applied the seasonally varying spectral analysis method developed by Madden to study the average seasonal variation of these waves. The seasonally varying analysis suggested that there are significant twice-yearly maxima in equatorial wave activity throughout the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, with peaks occurring in late winter-spring and in late summer-fall. The twice-yearly signal was most prominent at the 70-hPa and 100-hPa levels. Similar and consistent results were also shown by an autoregressive cyclic spectral analysis. The cyclic spectral analysis suggested that the frequency characteristics of the v-wind wave power are different during the two maxima at some stations. In addition, the seasonally varying squared coherence between the u and v winds and the associated phase implied that there is horizontal momentum flux associated with these waves and that the sign of the flux is different during the two maxima. The differences in wave characteristics during the maxima periods may be related to different wave modes, seasonal variation of the basic zonal state, or possibly to different equatorial wave forcing mechanisms (i.e., convective versus lateral excitations). 52 refs., 12 figs.

Wikle, C.K.; Tsing-Chang Chen [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)] [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Madden, R.A. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)] [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Seasonally Resolved Surface Water (delta)14C Variability in the Lombok Strait: A Coralline Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have explored surface water mixing in the Lombok Strait through a {approx}bimonthly resolved surface water {Delta}{sup 14}C time-series reconstructed from a coral in the Lombok Strait that spans 1937 through 1990. The prebomb surface water {Delta}{sup 14}C average is -60.5{per_thousand} and individual samples range from -72{per_thousand} to 134{per_thousand}. The annual average post-bomb maximum occurs in 1973 and is 122{per_thousand}. The timing of the post-bomb maximum is consistent with a primary subtropical source for the surface waters in the Indonesian Seas. During the post-bomb period the coral records regular seasonal cycles of 5-20{per_thousand}. Seasonal high {Delta}{sup 14}C occur during March-May (warm, low salinity), and low {Delta}{sup 14}C occur in September (cool, higher salinity). The {Delta}{sup 14}C seasonality is coherent and in phase with the seasonal {Delta}{sup 14}C cycle observed in Makassar Strait. We estimate the influence of high {Delta}{sup 14}C Makassar Strait (North Pacific) water flowing through the Lombok Strait using a two endmember mixing model and the seasonal extremes observed at the two sites. The percentage of Makassar Strait water varies between 16 and 70%, and between 1955 and 1990 it averages 40%. During La Nina events there is a higher percentage of Makassar Strait (high {Delta}{sup 14}C) water in the Lombok Strait.

Guilderson, T P; Fallon, S J; Moore, M D; Schrag, D P; Charles, C D

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Method of and apparatus for determining deposition-point temperature  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Acoustic-wave sensor apparatus and method for analyzing a normally liquid petroleum-based composition for monitoring deposition-point temperature. The apparatus includes at least one acoustic-wave device such as SAW, QCM, FPM, TSM or APM type devices in contact with the petroleum-based composition for sensing or detecting the surface temperature at which deposition occurs and/or rate of deposition as a function of temperature by sensing an accompanying change in frequency, phase shift, damping voltage or damping current of an electrical oscillator to a known calibrated condition. The acoustic wave device is actively cooled to monitor the deposition of constituents such as paraffins by determining the point at which solids from the liquid composition begin to form on the acoustic wave device. The acoustic wave device can be heated to melt or boil off the deposits to reset the monitor and the process can be repeated.

Mansure, Arthur J. (Albuquerque, NM); Spates, James J. (Albuquerque, NM); Martin, Stephen J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Method of and apparatus for determining deposition-point temperature  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Acoustic-wave sensor apparatus and method are disclosed for analyzing a normally liquid petroleum-based composition for monitoring deposition-point temperature. The apparatus includes at least one acoustic-wave device such as SAW, QCM, FPM, TSM or APM type devices in contact with the petroleum-based composition for sensing or detecting the surface temperature at which deposition occurs and/or rate of deposition as a function of temperature by sensing an accompanying change in frequency, phase shift, damping voltage or damping current of an electrical oscillator to a known calibrated condition. The acoustic wave device is actively cooled to monitor the deposition of constituents such as paraffins by determining the point at which solids from the liquid composition begin to form on the acoustic wave device. The acoustic wave device can be heated to melt or boil off the deposits to reset the monitor and the process can be repeated. 5 figs.

Mansure, A.J.; Spates, J.J.; Martin, S.J.

1998-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

463

A Normal Stellar Disk in the Galaxy Malin 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since its discovery, Malin 1 has been considered the prototype and most extreme example of the class of giant low surface brightness disk galaxies. Examination of an archival Hubble Space Telescope I-band image reveals that Malin 1 contains a normal stellar disk that was not previously recognized, having a central I-band surface brightness of mu_0 = 20.1 mag arcsec^-2 and a scale length of 4.8 kpc. Out to a radius of ~10 kpc, the structure of Malin 1 is that of a typical SB0/a galaxy. The remarkably extended, faint outer structure detected out to r~100 kpc appears to be a photometrically distinct component and not a simple extension of the inner disk. In terms of its disk scale length and central surface brightness, Malin 1 was originally found to be a very remote outlier relative to all other known disk galaxies. The presence of a disk of normal size and surface brightness in Malin 1 suggests that such extreme outliers in disk properties probably do not exist, but underscores the importance of the extended outer disk regions for a full understanding of the structure and formation of spiral galaxies.

A. J. Barth

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

464

Application of high temperature superconductors for fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) materials in future fusion machines can increase the efficiency drastically. For ITER, W7-X and JT-60SA the economic benefit of HTS current leads was recognized after a 70kA HTS current lead demonstrator was designed, fabricated and successfully tested by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT, which is a merge of former Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and University of Karlsruhe). For ITER, the Chinese Domestic Agency will provide the current leads as a part of the superconducting feeder system. KIT is in charge of design, construction and test of HTS current leads for W7-X and JT-60SA. For W7-X 14 current leads with a maximum current of 18.2kA are required that are oriented with the room temperature end at the bottom. JT60-SA will need 26 current leads (20 leads @ 20kA and 6 leads @ 25.7kA) which are mounted in vertical, normal position. These current leads are based on BiSCCO HTS superconductors, demonstrating that HTS material is now state of the art for highly efficient current leads. With respect to future fusion reactors, it would be very promising to use HTS material not only in current leads but also in coils. This would allow a large increase of efficiency if the coils could be operated at temperatures ?65K. With such a high temperature it would be possible to omit the radiation shield of the coils, resulting in a less complex cryostat and a size reduction of the machine. In addition less refrigeration power is needed saving investment and operating costs. However, to come to an HTS fusion coil it is necessary to develop low ac loss HTS cables for currents well above 20kA at high fields well above 10T. The high field rules BiSCCO superconductors out at temperatures above 50K, but RE-123 superconductors are promising. The development of a high current, high field RE-123 HTS fusion cable will not be targeted outside fusion community and has to be in the frame of a long term development programme for DEMO. KIT has already demonstrated a scalable concept using RE-123 HTS tapes that are assembled to Roebel type conductors. This concept can be expanded to form Rutherford cables as starting point for a development of a high current fusion cable. The status and prospect of using HTS conductors for fusion is discussed.

W.H. Fietz; R. Heller; S.I. Schlachter; W. Goldacker

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

High-temperature Pump Monitoring - High-temperature ESP Monitoring...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

at least at the outset, exclude new ideas. The drift issue appears to have brought a new search for materials into this research. * Objectives: Develop temperature and pressure...

466

High-temperature Pump Monitoring - High-temperature ESP Monitoring...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report Detecting Fractures Using Technology at High Temperatures and Depths - Geothermal Ultrasonic Fracture Imager (GUFI); 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report...

467

Relationship between Use Value and Ecological Importance of Floristic Resources of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest in the Balsas River Basin, Mxico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relationship between Use Value and Ecological Importance of Floristic Resources of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest in the Balsas River Basin, Mxico. The use of seasonally dry tropical forest in t...

Belinda Maldonado; Javier Caballero; Alfonso Delgado-Salinas

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Ski Season 2008-09: Change is the Only Constant The Anaconda-Pintler Range from Mill Creek highway, near Mount Haggin Nordic Ski Area.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

under the lights). My place on the sidelines has been typical this season. I have only skied one day for only four days around Christmas time. At that early point in the season, I decided to take a break

Bardsley, John

469

Establishment of warm-season native grasses and forbs on drastically disturbed lands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Establishment of warm-season native grasses and forbs (WSNGs) has been viewed by landowners, agronomists, natural resource managers and reclamation specialists as being too expensive and difficult, especially for reclamation, which requires early stand closure and erosion control. Natural resource managers have learned a great deal about establishing WSNGs since the implementation of the 1985 Farm Bill`s Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). Reclamation specialists must begin to use this information to improve reclamation success. Quality control of seed equipment and planting methods has been proven to be the crucial first step in successful establishment. Seedling germination, growth and development of WSNGs are different from that of introduced cool-season grasses and legumes. Specialized seed drills and spring planting periods are essential. Because shoot growth lags far behind root growth the first two seasons, WSNGs often are rejected for reclamation use. Usually, the rejection is based on preconceived notions that bare ground will erode and on reclamation specialists` desire for a closed, uniform, grassy lawn. WSNG`s extensive root systems inhibit rill and gully erosion by the fall of the first season. Planting a weakly competitive, short-lived nurse crop such as perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) at low rates with the WSNG mixture can reduce first-season sheet and rill erosion problems and give an appearance of a closed stand. Benefits of WSNGs in soil building and their acid-tolerance make them ideal species for reclamation of drastically disturbed lands. WSNGs and forbs enhance wildlife habitat and promote natural succession and the invasion of the reclamation site by other native species, particularly hardwood trees, increasing diversity and integrating the site into the local ecosystem. This is perhaps their most important attribute. Most alien grasses and legumes inhibit natural succession, slowing the development of a stable mine soil ecosystem. This paper outlines one successful methodology to establish warm-season grasses and forbs on abandoned mine lands in Missouri. The methodology can be successfully adapted for reclamation of all drastically disturbed lands including Title V lands under the Surface Mining Control Reclamation Act of 1977 (PL95-87) to promote ecosystem diversity and stability.

Miller, S. [Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, Jefferson City, MO (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

470

Asymptotic normalization coefficients, spectroscopic factors, and direct radiative capture rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The summation over lB and jB is carried out over the values allowed by angular momentum and parity conser- vation in the virtual process B?A1p . The overlap function is the projection of the state wB onto the two-body channel wAwp . This projection..., the spectroscopic factor. The asymptotic behavior of the radial overlap function is given by IAplB jB B ~r ! ? r.RN CAplB jB B W 2hB ,lB11/2~2kBr ! r . ~3! Asymptotic normalization coefficients, spectroscopi A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, C. Cyclotron Institute...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Tribble, Robert E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Single-molecule kinetic energy of condensed normal deuterium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inelastic scattering of 300-meV neutrons allows the study of the liquid (T=20 and 30 K, saturated vapor pressure) and solid (T=4.2 K, saturated vapor pressure) phases of the normal deuterium mixture (2/3 o-D2+1/3 p-D2) in the region of momentum transfer where a single-molecule response is expected. The spectra are analyzed within the impulse approximation and assuming Gaussian momentum distributions for the translation of the molecules. For the solid, the estimated value of the single-molecule average kinetic energy does not compare unfavorably with those obtained scaling experimental results in parahydrogen solids. In the liquid state, substantial departures seem to exist from the classical liquid behavior, even if up to second-order quantum corrections are taken into account. 1996 The American Physical Society.

F. J. Mompen; M. Garca-Hernndez; F. J. Bermejo; S. M. Bennington

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Actinide Thermodynamics at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The postclosure chemical environment in the proposed Yucca Mountain repository is expected to experience elevated temperatures. Predicting migration of actinides is possible if sufficient, reliable thermodynamic data on hydrolysis and complexation are available for these temperatures. Data are scarce and scattered for 25 degrees C, and nonexistent for elevated temperatures. This collaborative project between LBNL and PNNL collects thermodynamic data at elevated temperatures on actinide complexes with inorganic ligands that may be present in Yucca Mountain. The ligands include hydroxide, fluoride, sulfate, phosphate and carbonate. Thermodynamic parameters of complexation, including stability constants, enthalpy, entropy and heat capacity of complexation, are measured with a variety of techniques including solvent extraction, potentiometry, spectrophotometry and calorimetry

Friese, Judah I.; Rao, Linfeng; Xia, Yuanxian; Bachelor, Paula P.; Tian, Guoxin

2007-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

473

High Temperature Processing Symposium 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

} High temperature recycling operations } Materials sustainability } New furnace technology (including solar) We look forward to seeing you in February 2014. Dr M Akbar Rhamdhani (Chairman HTPS 2014) Prof

Liley, David

474

AAPG Low-Temperature Webinar  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

is coproduction? When and where are low temperature geothermal resources coproduced with oil and gas? * What are the economics of low temp geothermal coproduction? * Where are some...

475

The normal state properties of nano-sized CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} added Bi-based superconductors in bipolaron model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of nano-sized CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} particles (10 nm in diameter) addition on the structure and the normal state transport properties of polycrystalline Bi-based superconductors were systematically studied. The additional amount, x wt.%, of CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} in this case varied from 0.0 to 1 wt.% of the total mass of the sample. Phase analysis by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Electrical resistance as a function of temperature, ?(T) were carried out. Nano-sized particles addition modifies the electrical behavior of the normal state with increasing the CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} concentration. The bipolaron model can explain properly the normal state resistivity of the samples.

Ben Salem, M. K.; Slimani, Y.; Hannachi, E.; Hamrita, A.; Ben Azzouz, F.; Ben Salem, M. [L3M, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, 7021 Zarzouna (Tunisia)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

476

Experiment Hazard Class 3 - High Temperatures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Operation * APS Base Low Temperatures * Cryogenic Systems High Temperatures * Electric Furnace * Optical Furnace * Other High Temperature Lasers * Laser, Class 2 * Laser,...

477

Annual and Seasonal Global Variation in Total Ozone and Layer-Mean Ozone,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Trace Gases » Ozone » Total Ozone and Layer-Mean Ozone Atmospheric Trace Gases » Ozone » Total Ozone and Layer-Mean Ozone Annual and Seasonal Global Variation in Total Ozone and Layer-Mean Ozone, 1958-1987 (1991) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.ndp023 data Data Investigators J. K. Angell, J. Korshover, and W. G. Planet Description For 1958 through 1987, this data base presents total ozone variations and layer mean ozone variations expressed as percent deviations from the 1958 to 1977 mean. The total ozone variations were derived from mean monthly ozone values published in Ozone Data for the World by the Atmospheric Environment Service in cooperation with the World Meteorological Organization. The layer mean ozone variations are derived from ozonesonde and Umkehr observations. The data records include year, seasonal and annual

478

Product Price Spreads Over Crude Oil Vary With Seasons and Supply/Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Of course, petroleum product prices don't move in lockstep to crude oil prices, for a number of reasons. We find it useful to look at variations in the spread between product and crude oil prices, in this case comparing spot market prices for each. The difference between heating oil and crude oil spot prices tends to vary seasonally; that is, it's generally higher in the winter, when demand for distillate fuels is higher due to heating requirements, and lower in the summer. (Gasoline, as we'll see later, generally does the opposite.) However, other factors affecting supply and demand, including the relative severity of winter weather, can greatly distort these "typical" seasonal trends. As seen on this chart, the winters of 1995-96 and 1996-97 featured

479

Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA from Multispectral MODIS Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA from Multispectral MODIS Data D. A. Spangenberg Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia T. Uttal National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Q. Z. Trepte and S. S.-Mack Science Applications International Corporation Hampton, Virginia Introduction Improving climate model predictions over earth's Polar Regions requires a complete knowledge of polar cloud microphysics. Over the Arctic, there is minimal contrast between the clouds and background snow surface observed in satellite data, especially for visible wavelengths. This makes it difficult to

480

Seasonal variations in the stable carbon isotopic signature of biogenic methane in a coastal sediment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Systematic seasonal variations in the stable carbon isotopic signature of methane gas occur in the anoxic sediments of Cape Lookout Bight, a lagoonal basin on North Carolina's Outer Banks. Values for the carbon isotope ratio (delta /sup 13/C) of methane range from -57.3 per mil during summer to -68.5 per mil during winter in gas bubbles with an average methane content of 95%. The variations are hypothesized to result from changes in the pathways of microbial methane production and cycling of key substrates including acetate and hydrogen. The use of stable isotopic signatures to investigate the global methane cycle through mass balance calculations, involving various sediment and soil biogenic sources, appears to require seasonally averaged data from individual sites. 17 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

Martens, C.S.; Blair, N.E.; Green, C.D.; Des Marais, D.J.

1986-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal seasonal temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Seasonal snow of arctic Alaska R4D investigations. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seasonal snow is present on the Arctic Slope of Alaska for nine months each year. Its presence or absence determines whether 80% of the solar radiation is reflected or absorbed, respectively. Although life on the Arctic Slope is adapted to, and in some cases dependent upon seasonal snow, little is known about it from a scientific point of view. Its quantity has been grossly underestimated, and knowledge of its distribution and the extent of wind transport and redistribution is very limited. This research project dealt with the amount, regional distribution and physical properties of wind blown snow and its biological role in the R4D area of the Arctic Slope. Physical processes which operate within the snow that were studied included the flux of heat and vapor and the fractionation of stable isotopes through it during fall and winter, and the complex heat and mass transfer within the snow and between snow, its substrate and the overlying atmosphere during the melt period.

Benson, C.S.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Seasonal And Decadal Variation of the Mixed Layer Across the ACRF Using RWP Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seasonal And Decadal Variation of the Mixed Layer Seasonal And Decadal Variation of the Mixed Layer Across the ACRF Using RWP Data Richard Coulter, Barry Lesht, and Brad Orr Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL INTRODUCTION The radar wind profilers (RWPs) located at the ACRF Southern Great Plains site have been collecting data for more than a decade at the intermediate facilities (I1: Beaumont, KS; I2: Medicine Lodge, KS; I3 Meeker OK) and 15 years at the Central Facility. They provide a good picture of the temporal and spatial variation across the SGP site over this time period Here we elucidate the variation of the height of the mixed layer (z i ) and precipitation, two parameters that illustrate the potential richness of the wind profiler data beyond wind profiles. Daytime Mixed Layer An automated routine, operating

483

First-order catchment mass balance during the wet season in the Panama Canal Watershed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Tropical hydrology is poorly understood for a number of reasons. Intense biological activity in the tropics introduces complexities to the hydrologic process. Bioturbation, rapid rates of decay, and intensive insect activity all tend to promote rapid flow paths in the upper soil. Aggressive weathering leads to clays depleted of light cations and deep soil profiles. Processes in the seasonal tropics are further complicated by seasonal transitions, and very large changes in catchment storage between seasons. Beginning in 2005, we installed a suite of hydrologic sensors in a 16.7ha first-order catchment in the Panama Canal Watershed to observe hydrologic variables and identify the dominant streamflow generation processes. The site is located near the village of Gamboa, which is located on the east bank of the Panama Canal at the confluence of Lake Gatun and the Chagres River. The study catchment is located on the north side of a ridge off the eastern flank of a 230m tall hill known as Cerro Pelado, and is covered by 70120year old re-growth triple-canopy forest. Measurements included: rainfall above the canopy, throughfall, stemflow, evapotranspiration, shallow groundwater levels and streamflow. Deep groundwater storage was not measured. This paper describes measurements made, data collected, and the worth of those data in estimating the mass balance closure of a first-order catchment during the wet season. We compare measurements of the different components of the water cycle with observations from other published studies from the tropics. Data analysis results indicate water balance closure errors of approximately 8%.

Justin M. Niedzialek; Fred L. Ogden

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

ARM - Field Campaign - Warm-Season Data Assimilation and ISS Test  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsWarm-Season Data Assimilation and ISS Test govCampaignsWarm-Season Data Assimilation and ISS Test Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Warm-Season Data Assimilation and ISS Test 1993.06.01 - 1993.06.30 Lead Scientist : Dave Parsons Data Availability Complete output from a 10-day simulation using a high resolution mesoscale model is available at 1-hr intervals. Verification of June 1993 IOP Assimilation Dataset and its use in Driving a Single-Column CCM3 Model. Update in May 2006 from Ric Cederwall: We were expecting 4-D variational analysis results for the IOP from Jimy Dudhia's 4DVAR model (a version of MM5), but it never happened. I don't expect that we will get the dataset. For data sets, see below. Summary Special rawinsonde soundings and profiler measurements were taken over a

485

Seasonal characterization of municipal solid waste (MSW) in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Management of municipal solid waste (MSW) has become a significant environmental problem, especially in fast-growing cities. The amount of waste generated increases each year and this makes it difficult to create solutions which due to the increase in waste generation year after year and having to identify a solution that will have minimum impact on the environment. To determine the most sustainable waste management strategy for Chihuahua, it is first necessary to identify the nature and composition of the citys urban waste. The MSW composition varied considerably depending on many factors, the time of year is one of them. Therefore, as part of our attempt to implement an integral waste management system in the city of Chihuahua, we conducted a study of the characteristics of MSW composition for the different seasons. This paper analyzes and compares the findings of the study of the characterization and the generation of solid waste from households at three different socio-economic levels in the city over three periods (April and August, 2006 and January, 2007). The average weight of waste generated in Chihuahua, taking into account all three seasons, was 0.592kgcapita?1day?1. Our results show that the lowest income groups generated the least amount of waste. We also found that less waste was generated during the winter season. The breakdown for the composition of the waste shows that organic waste accounts for the largest proportion (45%), followed by paper (17%) and others (16%).

Guadalupe Gmez; Montserrat Meneses; Lourdes Ballinas; Francesc Castells

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Seasonal characterization of municipal solid waste (MSW) in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Management of municipal solid waste (MSW) has become a significant environmental problem, especially in fast-growing cities. The amount of waste generated increases each year and this makes it difficult to create solutions which due to the increase in waste generation year after year and having to identify a solution that will have minimum impact on the environment. To determine the most sustainable waste management strategy for Chihuahua, it is first necessary to identify the nature and composition of the city's urban waste. The MSW composition varied considerably depending on many factors, the time of year is one of them. Therefore, as part of our attempt to implement an integral waste management system in the city of Chihuahua, we conducted a study of the characteristics of MSW composition for the different seasons. This paper analyzes and compares the findings of the study of the characterization and the generation of solid waste from households at three different socio-economic levels in the city over three periods (April and August, 2006 and January, 2007). The average weight of waste generated in Chihuahua, taking into account all three seasons, was 0.592 kg capita{sup -1} day{sup -1}. Our results show that the lowest income groups generated the least amount of waste. We also found that less waste was generated during the winter season. The breakdown for the composition of the waste shows that organic waste accounts for the largest proportion (45%), followed by paper (17%) and others (16%)

Gomez, Guadalupe [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona (Spain); Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, 31310 (Mexico); Meneses, Montserrat [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona (Spain); Ballinas, Lourdes [Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, 31310 (Mexico); Castells, Francesc [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona (Spain)], E-mail: francesc.castells@urv.cat

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Technical Note: Seasonality in alpine water resources management a regional assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. Alpine regions are particularly affected by seasonal variations in water demand and water availability. Especially the winter period is critical from an operational point of view, as being characterised by high water demands due to tourism and low water availability due to the temporal storage of precipitation as snow and ice. The clear definition of summer and winter periods is thus an essential prerequisite for water resource management in alpine regions. This paper presents a GIS-based multi criteria method to determine the winter season. A snow cover duration dataset serves as basis for this analysis. Different water demand stakeholders, the alpine hydrology and the present day water supply infrastructure are taken into account. Technical snow-making and (winter) tourism were identified as the two major seasonal water demand stakeholders in the study area, which is the Kitzbueheler region in the Austrian Alps. Based upon different geographical datasets winter was defined as the period from December to March, and summer as the period from April to November. By determining potential regional water balance deficits or surpluses in the present day situation and in future, important management decisions such as water storage and allocation can be made and transposed to the local level. 1

Hydrology; D. Vanham; E. Fleischhacker; W. Rauch

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

High beach temperatures increased female-biased primary sex ratios but reduced output of female hatchlings in the leatherback turtle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sex of offspring in most turtles is determined by temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). In sea turtles, higher incubation temperatures produce female hatchlings and primary sex ratios are often highly female-biased. Because of the current rate of climate warming, highly female-biased sex ratios have raised concern among scientists and managers because populations might become too female biased for genetic viability. We tested the effects of higher incubation temperatures on embryo and hatchling mortality and on sex ratios in a population of leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) in the eastern Pacific. The long-term study provided a large sample size in a location influenced by El Nio Southern Oscillation that resulted in highly variable climatic conditions between seasons. High temperatures reduced emergence success. Output of female hatchlings increased with incubation temperature as it reached the upper end of the transitional range (range of temperatures that produce both sexes) (30C) and decreased afterwards because high temperatures increased mortality of female clutches. Effect of temperature on female hatchling output lessened female-biased sex ratios from 85% female primary sex ratios to 79% secondary sex ratios (sex ratios of total number of hatchlings emerged). If male turtles reproduce more often than females, operational sex ratios will be closer to 1:1. Female-biased primary sex ratios should not raise concerns by default, but climate change may still threaten populations by reducing hatchling output and increasing frequency of seasons with 100% female production. Clutch relocation to cooler conditions may alter sex ratios and should be used cautiously unless temperatures are so high that no hatchlings survive. In addition, it is unknown what differential survival of male versus female hatchlings may have on the eventual adult sex ratio after they enter the ocean and disperse.

Pilar Santidrin Tomillo; Daniel Oro; Frank V. Paladino; Rotney Piedra; Annette E. Sieg; James R. Spotila

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

ARM - Measurement - Soil surface temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface temperature surface temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Soil surface temperature The temperature of the soil measured near the surface. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AMC : Ameriflux Measurement Component CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems SOIL : Soil Measurement from the SGP SWATS : Soil Water and Temperature System MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

490

ARM - Measurement - Surface skin temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

skin temperature skin temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface skin temperature The radiative surface skin temperature, from an IR thermometer measuring the narrowband radiating temperature of the ground surface in its field of view. Categories Radiometric, Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments IRT : Infrared Thermometer MFRIRT : Multifilter Radiometer and Infrared Thermometer External Instruments

491

Surface temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surface temperature Surface temperature Dataset Summary Description This dataset, made available by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), shows the difference between the yearly central England temperature for years 1772 through 2009 and the 1961 - 1990 baseline (1961 - 1990 Central England average after smoothing). It also shows the difference between average global temperature and 1961 - 1990 average after smoothing. The original source of the data is the Met Office. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 12th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate change Surface temperature UK weather Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 1 Excel file: Surface Temps, 1772 - 1990 (xls, 1.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

492

Extreme Value Theory, Extreme Temperatures, and demonstration of extRemes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme Value Theory, Extreme Temperatures, and demonstration of extRemes Eric Gilleland, National;Extremes Toolkit (extRemes) Web Page http://www.isse.ucar.edu/extremevalues/evtk.html #12;Background on Extreme Value Analysis (EVA) Motivation Central Limit Theorem Extremal Types Theorem Normal (light tail

Gilleland, Eric

493

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation normal t-cell Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

normal t-cell Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activation normal t-cell Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 HIV Infection Model Math...

494

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dataset Activity Stream Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWhm2day for 1 year organized into...

495

Rapid acquisition of specular and diffuse normal maps from polarized spherical gradient illumination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We estimate surface normal maps of an object from either its diffuse or specular reflectance using four spherical gradient illumination patterns. In contrast to traditional photometric stereo, the spherical patterns allow normals to be estimated simultaneously ...

Wan-Chun Ma; Tim Hawkins; Pieter Peers; Charles-Felix Chabert; Malte Weiss; Paul Debevec

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

The Energies of the Atomic Linkages in the Normal Paraffin Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...normal paraffin hydrocarbons, in the gaseous...values for the heats of combustion of these gases...values for the heats of combustion of the hydrocarbon gases,4'5...Jessup4 on the heats of combustion of normal heptane...

Frederick D. Rossini

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Effects of burial history, rock ductility and recovery magnitude on inversion of normal faulted strata  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reactivation of the normal faults may occur during coaxial contraction even though such faults are unfavorably oriented assuming typical rock friction behavior and a homogeneous stress state. Localized reverse slip on normal faults is favored when strata...

Kuhle, Nathan John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

498

The Energies of the Atomic Linkages in the Normal Paraffin Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...No previous data Normal pentane...The new values for the heats of combustion of the hydrocarbon gases,4'5 together with new data obtained by Jessup4 on the heats of combustion of normal heptane and...

Frederick D. Rossini

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Energy Spectra and Normalized Power Spectral Densities of X-Ray Nova GS 2000+25  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Papers 2020 8320 Energy Spectra and Normalized...224-0817 The X-ray energy spectra and Normalized...Conf. Proc. 115, High Energy Transients in Astrophysics, ed. Woosley S. E. (New York: AIP), 31. White N......

Kentaro Terada; Shunji Kitamoto; Hitoshi Negoro; Sayuri Iga

2002-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

500

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelial cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelialcells; Lee et al. 3D culture models of normal and malignantFor correspondence: mjbissell@lbl.gov 3D culture models of

Lee, Genee Y.; Kenny, Paraic A.; Lee, Eva H.; Bissell, Mina J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z