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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 683 of 711 Go Back Full quadratic form associated with a surface. #12;Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 684 of 711 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit The component g is called the geodesic

Gallier, Jean

2

Document Normalization Revisited Abdur Chowdhury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for fundamentally different document collections. We recomputed the normalization for the web track and obtainedDocument Normalization Revisited Abdur Chowdhury America Online Reston, Virginia chowdhury Pivoted Document Length Normalization has reached a point of stability where many researchers

Chowdhury, Abdur

3

Document Normalization Revisited Cosine Pivoted Document Length Normalization has  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

submitted results to the TREC-10 web track. 2. Calibrating the Slope for Ad Hoc Task Using pivoted documentDocument Normalization Revisited Abstract Cosine Pivoted Document Length Normalization has reached for the document collection degrades average precision by as much as 20%. 1. Introduction The cosine measure

4

direct normal | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal normal Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below

5

Normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3{prime} noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. 4 figs.

Soares, M.B.; Efstratiadis, A.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

7

Normalization of Process Safety Metrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D ........................................................................................................... 90 APPENDIX E ............................................................................................................ 98 VITA... are usually more than the product of workforce numbers and the work hours per worker. This action certainly degrades the precision of normalized incident rates. Moreover, this denominator only reflects limited and unspecified process information. New...

Wang, Mengtian

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

8

Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Major Normal Fault Major Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Major Normal Fault Dictionary.png Major Normal Fault: Normal faults are structures in which the hanging wall is down dropped along the fault plane relative to the foot wall. They are the predominant type of structure in extensional tectonic environments, but are commonly encountered in a number of geologic settings. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone

9

Combinatorial Maps with Normalized Knot Dainis ZEPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combinatorial Maps with Normalized Knot Dainis ZEPS Abstract We consider combinatorial maps's normalization doesn't affect combinatorial map what concerns its generality. Knot's normalization leads to more concise numeration of corners in maps, e.g., odd or even corners allow easy to follow distinguished cycles

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

10

SMITH NORMAL FORM AND LAPLACIANS DINO LORENZINI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SMITH NORMAL FORM AND LAPLACIANS DINO LORENZINI Abstract. Let M denote the Laplacian matrix of a graph G. Associated with G is a finite group (G), obtained from the Smith normal form of M, and whose /Im(M). This group can be computed in practice using the Smith normal form of M, as follows. Given any

Lorenzini, Dino J.

11

AUGUSTOSAGNOTTI ScuolaNormaleSuperiore-Pisa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JoelScherk,unfisicodell'Eco- le Normale Supérieure di Parigi scomparso prematuramente nel- l'80. La stessa Teoria, creata nel 1968

Abbondandolo, Alberto

12

alla Normale 1_la Scuola 9  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

funzione che in Francia viene svolta dalla gemella ?cole Normale Supérieure di Parigi. A questa antica

Abbondandolo, Alberto

13

Conformal Universality in Normal Matrix Ensembles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A remarkable property of Hermitian ensembles is their universal behavior, that is, once properly rescaled the eigenvalue statistics does not depend on particularities of the ensemble. Recently, normal matrix ensembles have attracted increasing attention, however, questions on universality for these ensembles still remain under debate. We analyze the universality properties of random normal ensembles. We show that the concept of universality used for Hermitian ensembles cannot be directly extrapolated to normal ensembles. Moreover, we show that the eigenvalue statistics of random normal matrices with radially symmetric potential can be made universal under a conformal transformation.

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

14

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement : Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in narrow bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4mum, that comes directly...

15

Temperature Normals/Extremes-August - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-August Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

16

Temperature Normals/Extremes-October - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-October Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

17

Temperature Normals/Extremes-April - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-April Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

18

Temperature Normals/Extremes-July - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-July Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

19

Temperature Normals/Extremes-May - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-May Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

20

Temperature Normals/Extremes-December - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-December Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Temperature Normals/Extremes-March - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-March Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

22

Temperature Normals/Extremes-September - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-September Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

23

Temperature Normals/Extremes-November - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-November Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

24

Temperature Normals/Extremes-June - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-June Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

25

Temperature Normals/Extremes-February - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-February Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

26

Temperature Normals/Extremes-January - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-January Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

27

Extremal unital completely positive normal maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the convex set of unital completely positive normal map on a von-Neumann algebra and find a necessary and sufficient condition for an element in the convex set to be extremal. We also deal with the same problem for the convex subset which admits a faithful normal state.

Anilesh Mohari

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

28

Definition: Direct normal irradiance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance (Redirected from Definition:DNI) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct normal irradiance the amount of solar radiation received per unit area by a surface perpendicular (normal) to the rays that come in a straight line from the direction of the sun at its current position in the sky.[1] Also Known As DNI Related Terms Solar radiation, Irradiance, Concentrating solar power, Global horizontal irradiance References ↑ http://www.3tier.com/en/support/glossary/#dni Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Direct_normal_irradiance&oldid=423379" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

29

Normalizing the causality between time series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, a rigorous yet concise formula has been derived to evaluate the information flow, and hence the causality in a quantitative sense, between time series. To assess the importance of a resulting causality, it needs to be normalized. The normalization is achieved through distinguishing three types of fundamental mechanisms that govern the marginal entropy change of the flow recipient. A normalized or relative flow measures its importance relative to other mechanisms. In analyzing realistic series, both absolute and relative information flows need to be taken into account, since the normalizers for a pair of reverse flows belong to two different entropy balances; it is quite normal that two identical flows may differ a lot in relative importance in their respective balances. We have reproduced these results with several autoregressive models. We have also shown applications to a climate change problem and a financial analysis problem. For the former, reconfirmed is the role of the Indian Ocean Dipole as ...

Liang, X San

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

direct normal irradiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords direct normal irradiance DNI GEF GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance insolation latitutde tilt irradiance NASA NREL South America SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Cell Maps (zip, 13.9 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 3.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

31

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

normal irradiance normal irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in broad bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4{mu}m, that comes directly from the Sun without being scattered or absorbed in the atmosphere, passes through a unit area perpendicular to the direction from the Sun. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments

32

Handbook of normal frames and coordinates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main subject of the book is an up-to-date and in-depth survey of the theory of normal frames and coordinates in differential geometry. The book can be used as a reference manual, review of the existing results and introduction to some new ideas and developments. In the book can be found practically all existing essential results and methods concerning normal frames and coordinates. Most of the results are represented in full detail with full, in some cases new, proofs. All classical results are expanded and generalized in various directions. Theorems of existence, uniqueness and, possibly, holonomicity of the normal frames and coordinates are proved; mostly, the proofs are constructive and some their parts can be used independently for other tasks. Besides published results, their extensions and generalizations, the book contains completely new results which appear for the first time.

Bozhidar Z. Iliev

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Differentiated state of normal and malignant cells or how to define a normal cell in culture  

SciTech Connect

Described are cytological techniques to differentiate malignant and normal cells in culture. Emphasis is placed upon cell function and gene expression for determinative procedures. (DLS)

Bissell, M.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability UNT Geog 3190, Wolverton 1 #12;Normality to assume normalityWe would like to be able to assume normality ­ Then we can use parametric statistics a relationship ­ More powerful because we can use the normal probability distribution to make predictions

Wolverton, Steve

35

Termination of a Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Termination of a Major Normal Fault: Major normal fault terminations or tip-lines sometimes split into multiple closely-spaced faults that result in increased...

36

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and normal conditions of...

37

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault: Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone Intrusion Margins and Associated Fractures Stratigraphic Boundaries

38

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Abstract: Shotgun proteomic data...

39

Smith Normal Form a possible basis for an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smith Normal Form ­ a possible basis for an SVD ­ like code construction? (Semester Project I) Name.7 The Smith Normal Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Detailed treatment of the possibilities to use Smith's Normal Form for coding 14 3.1 Introduction

Henkel, Werner

40

EIGENVALUES AND THE SMITH NORMAL FORM Joseph J. Rushanan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EIGENVALUES AND THE SMITH NORMAL FORM Joseph J. Rushanan The MITRE Corporation, M/S E025, Bedford, MA 01730 Abstract. Results are shown that compare the Smith Normal Form (SNF) over the integers and its Smith Normal Form (SNF) over the integers. Our goals are more general than those results

Rushanan, Joe J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices; Abstract We study the problem of computing Hermite and Smith normal forms of ma- trices over. One first result is a fast Las Vegas probabilistic algorithm to compute the * *Smith normal form

Storjohann, Arne

42

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices by Arne Storjohann A thesis presented the problem of computing Hermite and Smith normal forms of ma­ trices over principal ideal domains. The main probabilistic algorithm to compute the Smith normal form of a polynomial matrix for those cases where pre

Storjohann, Arne

43

Normal Agricultural Operations and Dove Hunting in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: baiting Doves are migratory birds, and dove hunting is therefore regulated by the Federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act, which specifically prohibits baiting. Under federal law, baiting is the direct or indirect placing, exposing, depositing, distributing... considers this acceptable to hunt over. A problem arises, however, as to what constitutes a ?normal agricultural operation.? For the purpose of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act ?normal agricultural operation? means a normal agricultural planting...

Redmon, Larry

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

E-Print Network 3.0 - astrocytes normalizes revascularization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

search results for: astrocytes normalizes revascularization Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Brain Research 896 (2001) 8695 www.elsevier.comlocatebres Summary: Astrocytes are an ideal...

45

B-2 Bomber During In-flight Refueling Normal Heart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Bomber During In-flight Refueling Normal Heart Image Technology to Detect Concealed Nuclear Material in Trucks and Cargo Containers Single Abnormality Possible Heart Attack Disc...

46

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading...

47

Conformal Deformation from Normal to Hermitian Random Matrix Ensembles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the eigenvalues statistics of ensembles of normal random matrices when their order N tends to infinite. In the model the eigenvalues have uniform density within a region determined by a simple analytic polynomial curve. We study the conformal deformations of normal random ensembles to Hermitian random ensembles and give sufficient conditions for the latter to be a Wigner ensemble.

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

48

SMITH NORMAL FORM OF A MULTIVARIATE MATRIX ASSOCIATED WITH PARTITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SMITH NORMAL FORM OF A MULTIVARIATE MATRIX ASSOCIATED WITH PARTITIONS CHRISTINE BESSENRODT polynomials, and by determining not only the deter- minant but also the Smith normal form of these matrices. A priori the Smith form need not exist but its existence follows from the explicit computation

49

Numerical algorithms for the computation of the Smith normal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical algorithms for the computation of the Smith normal form of integral matrices C of the Smith normal form of integral matrices are described. More specifically, the com­ pound matrix method of the algorithms. AMS Subject Classification: Primary 65F30, Secondary 15A21, 15A36. Key words and phrases: Smith

Seberry, Jennifer

50

Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark School of Mathematical Sciences Queen;Abstract The normal curve has been used to fit the rate of both world and U.S.A. oil production. In this paper we give the first theoretical basis for these curve fittings. It is well known that oil field

Stark, Dudley

51

Normalized Auditory Attention Levels for Automatic Audio Surveillance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, subway train, sport stadium, etc). Keywords: Public security, audio surveillance, normalized auditoryNormalized Auditory Attention Levels for Automatic Audio Surveillance L. Couvreur, F. Bettens, J In this paper, we define features that can be computed along audio signals in order to assess the level

Dupont, Stéphane

52

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Demonstration of Approach and Results of Used Fuel Performance Characterization Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Demonstration of Approach and Results of Used Fuel Performance Characterization This report provides results of the initial demonstration of the modeling capability developed to perform preliminary deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and normal conditions of transport (NCT) conditions. This report also provides results from the sensitivity studies, and discussion on the long-term goals and objectives of this

53

Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample. 5 figs.

Vo-Dinh, T.; Panjehpour, M.; Overholt, B.F.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

54

Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Panjehpour, Masoud (Knoxville, TN); Overholt, Bergein F. (Knoxville, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Thermal springs associated with normal faults in Utah have been analyzed for major cations and anions, and oxygen and hydrogen isotopes. Springs with measured temperatures averaging greater than 40°C are characterized by Na + K- and SO4 + Cl-rich waters containing 103 to 104 mg/l of dissolved solids. Lower temperature springs, averaging less than 40°C, are more enriched in Ca + Mg relative to Na + K. Chemical variations monitored through time in selected thermal springs are probably produced by

56

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Application of thermochronological techniques to major normal fault systems can resolve the timing of initiation and duration of extension, rates of motion on detachment faults, timing of ductile mylonite formation and passage of rocks through the crystal-plastic to brittle transition, and multiple events of extensional unroofing. Here we determine

57

Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA. In: Transactions. GRC Anual Meeting; 2011/10/23; San Diego, CA. Davis, CA: Geothermal Resources Council; p. 777-783

58

Activity Stream - Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dataset Activity Stream Activity Stream Jay Huggins updated the dataset Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 6 days ago Jay Huggins added the...

59

Deconvolution in Random Effects Models via Normal Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation describes a minimum distance method for density estimation when the variable of interest is not directly observed. It is assumed that the underlying target density can be well approximated by a mixture of normals. The method...

Litton, Nathaniel A.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

60

Characteristics of Wind Turbines Under Normal and Fault Conditions: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the characteristics of a variable-speed wind turbine connected to a stiff or weak grid under normal and fault conditions and the role of reactive power compensation.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.; Parsons, B.; Ellis, A.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Computing Simplicial Homology Based on Efficient Smith Normal Form Algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in general are sparse. We provide a review of several al- gorithms for the calculation of Smith Normal Form defined by ieA = i j=0 (-1)j eA\\{aj }, where A = {a0

Dumas, Jean-Guillaume

62

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

63

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

64

Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to appropriate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. This invention also provides normalized cDNA libraries generated by the above-described method and uses of the generated libraries.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name A complete and normalized 61850 substation Country Spain Headquarters Location Madrid, Spain Coordinates 40.488735°, -3.284912° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.488735,"lon":-3.284912,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

66

Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT FUNCTIONALS VIA?th University Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia Abstract The basic idea of density functional theory is to map potential which is a functional of the density. The central task of density functional theory is to #12;nd

Gross, E.K.U.

68

The Normal Vibrations of Bridged X$_{2}$ Y$_{6}$ Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...evidence that diborane has a bridge configuration rather than...that the terminal B-H links are normal single...the bonds forming the bridge are considerably weaker...greater length of the bridge links, and the small...hypothetical reaction 2BH B H involves the absorption...

1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Liquidliquid separation in solutions of normal and sickle cell hemoglobin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid­liquid separation in solutions of normal and sickle cell hemoglobin Oleg Galkin*, Kai Chen, Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center, Bronx, NY 10461 Edited by John M. Prausnitz, University of California the nucleation of HbS polymers, whose formation is the primary pathogenic event for sickle cell anemia. In view

Vekilov, Peter

70

Oddelek za ziko Normal modes in the atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

weather prediction. In section 3 I concentrate on the normal modes of a very simple model, shallow water #12;Numerical weather prediction is an initial condition problem. That means we need ini- tial-gravity waves just play their role, but in numerical models of the atmosphere, they can cause huge problems. 1

?umer, Slobodan

71

Some Properties of Realcompact Subspaces and Coarser Normal Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

William Fleissner. In 1997 Buzjakova proved that for a pseudocompact space X, there exists an ordinal such that the product of X and that ordinal condenses onto a normal space if and only if X condenses onto a compact space. In the third chapter, we extend...

Niknejad, Jila

2009-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

72

Rates of Convergence of Extremes from Skew Normal Samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a standard skew-normal distribution with shape parameter R (written as X SN()) if its probability density); population structure of Schima superba in Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve (Liu et al., 2011); rain); modeling of seasonal rainfall in Africa (Siebert and Ward, 2011); modeling of HIV viral loads

Sidorov, Nikita

73

NAVARRO VERTICES AND NORMAL SUBGROUPS IN GROUPS OF ODD ORDER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NAVARRO VERTICES AND NORMAL SUBGROUPS IN GROUPS OF ODD ORDER JAMES P. COSSEY Abstract. Let p be a prime and suppose G is a finite solvable group and is an ordinary irreducible character of G. Navarro character of Q, which is unique up to conjugacy. This pair is called the Navarro vertex

Cossey, James P.

74

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative normal state Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electrotechnical devices to a normal state at an exceeding... with regard to a nucleate boiling regime (curve 1) these states correspond to a normal (point "al... that the...

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolutely normal bone Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

females (N 49). The data set consisted of bone biopsies from normal and vertebral fracture subjects... microradiographic studies of normal and oste- oporotic ... Source: Ecole...

76

Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Abstract: Microarray analysis indicated...

77

Measurement of normal contact stiffness of fractal rough surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of roughness and fractality on the normal contact stiffness of rough surfaces. Samples of isotropically roughened aluminium surfaces are considered. The roughness and fractal dimension were altered through blasting using different sized particles. Subsequently, surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was applied to the surfaces in order to modify the surface at the microscale. The surface topology was characterised by interferometry based profilometry. The normal contact stiffness was measured through nanoindentation with a flat tip utilising the partial unloading method. We focus on establishing the relationships between surface stiffness and roughness, combined with the effects of fractal dimension. The experimental results, for a wide range of surfaces, showed that the measured contact stiffness depended very closely on surfaces' root mean squared (RMS) slope and their fractal dimension, with correlation coefficients of around 90\\%, whilst a relatively weak correlation coefficient of 57\\% was found between the contact stiffness and RMS roughness.

Chongpu Zhai; Sbastien Bevand; Yixiang Gan; Dorian Hanaor; Gwnalle Proust; Bruno Guelorget; Delphine Retraint

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

78

Procedure for normalization of cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a method to normalize a cDNA library constructed in a vector capable of being converted to single-stranded circles and capable of producing complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles comprising: (a) converting the cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles; (c) hybridizing the single-stranded circles converted in step (a) with complementary nucleic acid molecules of step (b) to produce partial duplexes to an appropriate Cot; (e) separating the unhybridized single-stranded circles from the hybridized single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Bonaldo, Maria DeFatima (New York, NY); Soares, Marcelo Bento (New York, NY)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the design fabrication and performance test of a quasi three-dimensional carpet cloak made of normal dielectric in the microwave regime. Taking advantage of a simple linear coordinate transformation we design a carpet cloak with homogeneous anisotropic medium and then practically realize the device with multilayer of alternating normal dielectric slabs based on the effective medium theory. As a proof-of-concept example we fabricate the carpet cloak with multilayer of FR4 dielectric slabs with air spacing. The performance of the fabricated design is verified through full-wave numerical simulation and measurement of the far-field scattering electromagnetic waves in a microwave anechoic chamber. Experimental results have demonstrated pronounced cloaking effect in a very broad band from 8 GHz to 18 GHz (whole X and Ku band) due to the low loss non-dispersive feature of the multilayerdielectricstructure.

Xiaofei Xu; Yijun Feng; Shuai Xiong; Jinlong Fan; Jun-Ming Zhao; Tian Jiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Geometry and development of relay ramps in normal fault systems  

SciTech Connect

Normal fault zones play a major role in the development of basins and in the migration and trapping of hydrocarbons. The mapping of normal fault systems using seismic data requires careful correlation of faults on adjacent sections, a procedure that often leads to the interpretation of faults as having long, continuous, sinuous traces. Recent work involving detailed mapping of fault traces, first by using land exposures but more recently using three-dimensional seismics, has demonstrated that faults are usually made up of many overstepping segments, linked by areas of complex deformation, termed transfer zones or relay ramps. Relay ramps occur between normal fault segments that overstep in map view. The geometry and evolution of exposure-scale relay ramps are described from the Somerset coast, England, and are compared with larger scale ramps from elsewhere. Relay ramps can be classified into four groups based on the degree of interaction and linkage between the overstepping segments; these groups are interpreted as being evolutionary stages. In stage 1, the segments do not interact. Stage 2 involves the reorientation of bedding between two interacting faults to produce a relay ramp. In stage 3, connecting fractures start to break the relay ramp. Stage 4 is when the relay ramp is destroyed to produce a single fault that has an along-strike bend. These evolutionary stages can develop through time, but they can also be seen spatially. A branch line between normal faults or an along-strike bend may represent a stage 4 relay, with progressively earlier stages occurring updip or downdip. Characteristic variability in displacement-distance profiles for fault segments and linked faults accompanies the interaction and linkage processes. Displacement transfer by relay ramps is accompanied by steep displacement gradients along fault segments at oversteps. Relay ramps often contribute to a minimum in total fault displacement at a linkage point. 47 refs., 16 figs.

Peacock, D.C.P. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom) Univ. of Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)); Sanderson, D.J. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Normal completely positive maps on the space of quantum operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define a class of higher-order linear maps that transform quantum operations into quantum operations and satisfy suitable requirements of normality and complete positivity. For this class of maps we prove two dilation theorems which are the analogues of the Stinespring and Radon-Nikodym theorems for quantum operations. A structure theorem for probability measures with values in this class of higher-order maps is also derived.

Chiribella, G; Umanit, V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Higher-Rank Numerical Ranges of Unitary and Normal Matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We verify a conjecture on the structure of higher-rank numerical ranges for a wide class of unitary and normal matrices. Using analytic and geometric techniques, we show precisely how the higher-rank numerical ranges for a generic unitary matrix are given by complex polygons determined by the spectral structure of the matrix. We discuss applications of the results to quantum error correction, specifically to the problem of identification and construction of codes for binary unitary noise models.

Man-Duen Choi; John A. Holbrook; David W. Kribs; Karol Zyczkowski

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

83

The plucked string: an example of non-normal dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motion of a single Fourier mode of the plucked string is an example of transient, free decay of coupled, damped oscillators. It shares the rarely discussed features of the generic case, e.g., possessing a complete set of non-orthogonal eigenvectors and no normal modes, but it can be analyzed and solved analytically by hand in an approximation that is appropriate to musical instruments' plucked strings.

Politzer, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Morphometric and geometric characterization of normal faults on Mars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Using three different approaches (fault plane fitting, 3D crater rim palinspatic restorations and fault scarps morphometric analysis) we investigate the geometry and degradation history of Martian normal faults in two distinct areas. The three independent methods produce similar results, indicating that the average dip angle of the normal faults on these two locations is probably below the value that is usually assumed for Mars (?60). Our best estimate for this average dip angle is 46.8 9.8 , which is a value comparable with the mean dip angle inferred on Earth for seismically active normal faults. This lower average dip angle implies that all the rift strain estimates performed until now might be underestimated. From the comparative analysis of the two faulted regions (Phlegethon Catena and Claritas Fossae), we show that local and regional dip variabilities may exist on Mars. This reinforces the idea that the amount of extension associated with Martian rifts must be reconsidered. We also demonstrate the advantages of performing a comparative morphometric analysis of fault scarps. This approach enables the reconstruction of the faults scarps degradation history and can be used to evaluate how environmental conditions changed through time. After modeling the degradation of the fault scarps at the two sites we conclude that the observed morphometric variations are mainly due to the different faulting ages in an environment characterized by low scarp degradation rates ( 4 10 ? 3 m 2 / kyr ) over the last 3 Ga.

David A. Vaz; Mauro G. Spagnuolo; Simone Silvestro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Surface tension with Normal Curvature in Curved Space-Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With an aim to include the contribution of surface tension in the action of the boundary, we define the tangential pressure in terms of surface tension and Normal curvature in a more naturally geometric way. First, we show that the negative tangential pressure is independent of the four-velocity of a very thin hyper-surface. Second, we relate the 3-pressure of a surface layer to the normal curvature and the surface tension. Third, we relate the surface tension to the energy of the surface layer. Four, we show that the delta like energy flows across the hyper-surface will be zero for such a representation of intrinsic 3-pressure. Five, for the weak field approximation and for static spherically symmetric configuration, we deduce the classical Kelvin's relation. Six, we write a modified action for the boundary having contributions both from surface tension and normal curvature of the surface layer. Also we propose a method to find the physical action assuming a reference background, where the background is not flat.

Himanshu kumar; Sharf Alam; Suhail Ahmad

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Statistical Selection Strategy for Normalization Procedures in LC-MS Proteomics Experiments through Dataset Dependent Ranking of Normalization Scaling Factors  

SciTech Connect

Quantification of LC-MS peak intensities assigned during peptide identification in a typical comparative proteomics experiment will deviate from run-to-run of the instrument due to both technical and biological variation. Thus, normalization of peak intensities across a LC-MS proteomics dataset is a fundamental step in pre-processing. However, the downstream analysis of LC-MS proteomics data can be dramatically affected by the normalization method selected . Current normalization procedures for LC-MS proteomics data are presented in the context of normalization values derived from subsets of the full collection of identified peptides. The distribution of these normalization values is unknown a priori. If they are not independent from the biological factors associated with the experiment the normalization process can introduce bias into the data, which will affect downstream statistical biomarker discovery. We present a novel approach to evaluate normalization strategies, where a normalization strategy includes the peptide selection component associated with the derivation of normalization values. Our approach evaluates the effect of normalization on the between-group variance structure in order to identify candidate normalization strategies that improve the structure of the data without introducing bias into the normalized peak intensities.

Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Matzke, Melissa M.; Jacobs, Jon M.; Pounds, Joel G.; Waters, Katrina M.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES PETER SIN Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence matrices. A general discussion of techniques is illustrated, the fundamental invariant is the Smith normal form of A, whose definition we now recall. A square integer matrix

Sin, Peter

88

Combinatorics and Boson normal ordering: A gentle introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a general combinatorial framework for operator ordering problems by applying it to the normal ordering of the powers and exponential of the boson number operator. The solution of the problem is given in terms of Bell and Stirling numbers enumerating partitions of a set. This framework reveals several inherent relations between ordering problems and combinatorial objects, and displays the analytical background to Wick's theorem. The methodology can be straightforwardly generalized from the simple example given herein to a wide class of operators.

Blasiak, P; Penson, K A; Solomon, A I; Duchamp, G H E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Combinatorics and Boson normal ordering: A gentle introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a general combinatorial framework for operator ordering problems by applying it to the normal ordering of the powers and exponential of the boson number operator. The solution of the problem is given in terms of Bell and Stirling numbers enumerating partitions of a set. This framework reveals several inherent relations between ordering problems and combinatorial objects, and displays the analytical background to Wick's theorem. The methodology can be straightforwardly generalized from the simple example given herein to a wide class of operators.

P. Blasiak; A. Horzela; K. A. Penson; A. I. Solomon; G. H. E. Duchamp

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

90

Frequency combs and platicons in optical microresonators with normal GVD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We predict the existence of a novel type of the flat-top dissipative solitonic pulses, "platicons", in microresonators with normal group velocity dispersion (GVD). We propose methods to generate these platicons from cw pump. Their duration may be altered significantly by tuning the pump frequency. The transformation of a discrete energy spectrum of dark solitons of the Lugiato-Lefever equation into a quasicontinuous spectrum of platicons is demonstrated. Generation of similar structures is also possible with bi-harmonic, phase/amplitude modulated pump or via laser injection locking.

Lobanov, V E; Kippenberg, T J; Gorodetsky, M L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Asymptotic normalization coefficients for B-10->Be-9+p  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

started the Asymptotic normalization coefficient A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, H. L. Clark, C. A. Gagliardi, Y.-W Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University V. Burjan, J. Cejpek Institute for Nuclear Physics, Czech Academ F. Carstoi Institute of Atomic...! the 7Be(p ,g)8B radiative capture cross section at ver astrophysics. @S0556-2813~97!02109-2# PACS number~s!: 25.70.Hi, 21.10.Jx, 24.10.Ht, 25.70.B I. INTRODUCTION Despite considerable experimental and theoretical progress in determining...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Clark, HL; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Lui, YW; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Xu, HM; Zhou, XG; Burjan, V.; Cejpek, J.; Kroha, V.; Carstoiu, F.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Crossover SAFT Equation of State:? Application for Normal Alkanes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crossover SAFT Equation of State:? Application for Normal Alkanes ... In this paper we develop a crossover modification of the statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT) equation of state for macromolecular chain fluids which incorporates the scaling laws asymptotically close to the critical point and is transformed into the original classical SAFT equation of state far away from the critical point. ... We show that, over a wide range of states, the crossover SAFT model yields a much better representation of the thermodynamic properties of pure fluids than the original SAFT equation of state. ...

S. B. Kiselev; J. F. Ely

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

A Normal Stellar Disk in the Galaxy Malin 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since its discovery, Malin 1 has been considered the prototype and most extreme example of the class of giant low surface brightness disk galaxies. Examination of an archival Hubble Space Telescope I-band image reveals that Malin 1 contains a normal stellar disk that was not previously recognized, having a central I-band surface brightness of mu_0 = 20.1 mag arcsec^-2 and a scale length of 4.8 kpc. Out to a radius of ~10 kpc, the structure of Malin 1 is that of a typical SB0/a galaxy. The remarkably extended, faint outer structure detected out to r~100 kpc appears to be a photometrically distinct component and not a simple extension of the inner disk. In terms of its disk scale length and central surface brightness, Malin 1 was originally found to be a very remote outlier relative to all other known disk galaxies. The presence of a disk of normal size and surface brightness in Malin 1 suggests that such extreme outliers in disk properties probably do not exist, but underscores the importance of the extended outer disk regions for a full understanding of the structure and formation of spiral galaxies.

A. J. Barth

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

Asymptotic normalization coefficients, spectroscopic factors, and direct radiative capture rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The summation over lB and jB is carried out over the values allowed by angular momentum and parity conser- vation in the virtual process B?A1p . The overlap function is the projection of the state wB onto the two-body channel wAwp . This projection..., the spectroscopic factor. The asymptotic behavior of the radial overlap function is given by IAplB jB B ~r ! ? r.RN CAplB jB B W 2hB ,lB11/2~2kBr ! r . ~3! Asymptotic normalization coefficients, spectroscopi A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, C. Cyclotron Institute...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Tribble, Robert E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Single-molecule kinetic energy of condensed normal deuterium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inelastic scattering of 300-meV neutrons allows the study of the liquid (T=20 and 30 K, saturated vapor pressure) and solid (T=4.2 K, saturated vapor pressure) phases of the normal deuterium mixture (2/3 o-D2+1/3 p-D2) in the region of momentum transfer where a single-molecule response is expected. The spectra are analyzed within the impulse approximation and assuming Gaussian momentum distributions for the translation of the molecules. For the solid, the estimated value of the single-molecule average kinetic energy does not compare unfavorably with those obtained scaling experimental results in parahydrogen solids. In the liquid state, substantial departures seem to exist from the classical liquid behavior, even if up to second-order quantum corrections are taken into account. 1996 The American Physical Society.

F. J. Mompen; M. Garca-Hernndez; F. J. Bermejo; S. M. Bennington

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Insolation data manual and direct normal solar radiation data manual  

SciTech Connect

The Insolation Data Manual presents monthly averaged data which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service (NWS) stations, principally in the United States. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24--25 years of data, generally from 1952--1975, and listed for each location. Insolation values represent monthly average daily totals of global radiation on a horizontal surface and are depicted using the three units of measurement: kJ/m{sup 2} per day, Btu/ft{sup 2} per day and langleys per day. Average daily maximum, minimum and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3 C (65 F). For each station, global {bar K}{sub T} (cloudiness index) values were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. Global {bar K}{sub T} is an index of cloudiness and indicates fractional transmittance of horizontal radiation, from the top of the atmosphere to the earth's surface. The second section of this volume presents long-term monthly and annual averages of direct normal solar radiation for 235 NWS stations, including a discussion of the basic derivation process. This effort is in response to a generally recognized need for reliable direct normal data and the recent availability of 23 years of hourly averages for 235 stations. The relative inaccessibility of these data on microfiche further justifies reproducing at least the long-term averages in a useful format. In addition to a definition of terms and an overview of the ADIPA model, a discussion of model validation results is presented.

none,

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation normal t-cell Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

normal t-cell Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activation normal t-cell Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 HIV Infection Model Math...

98

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dataset Activity Stream Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWhm2day for 1 year organized into...

99

Rapid acquisition of specular and diffuse normal maps from polarized spherical gradient illumination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We estimate surface normal maps of an object from either its diffuse or specular reflectance using four spherical gradient illumination patterns. In contrast to traditional photometric stereo, the spherical patterns allow normals to be estimated simultaneously ...

Wan-Chun Ma; Tim Hawkins; Pieter Peers; Charles-Felix Chabert; Malte Weiss; Paul Debevec

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

The Energies of the Atomic Linkages in the Normal Paraffin Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...normal paraffin hydrocarbons, in the gaseous...values for the heats of combustion of these gases...values for the heats of combustion of the hydrocarbon gases,4'5...Jessup4 on the heats of combustion of normal heptane...

Frederick D. Rossini

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Effects of burial history, rock ductility and recovery magnitude on inversion of normal faulted strata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reactivation of the normal faults may occur during coaxial contraction even though such faults are unfavorably oriented assuming typical rock friction behavior and a homogeneous stress state. Localized reverse slip on normal faults is favored when strata...

Kuhle, Nathan John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

102

The Energies of the Atomic Linkages in the Normal Paraffin Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...No previous data Normal pentane...The new values for the heats of combustion of the hydrocarbon gases,4'5 together with new data obtained by Jessup4 on the heats of combustion of normal heptane and...

Frederick D. Rossini

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Energy Spectra and Normalized Power Spectral Densities of X-Ray Nova GS 2000+25  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Papers 2020 8320 Energy Spectra and Normalized...224-0817 The X-ray energy spectra and Normalized...Conf. Proc. 115, High Energy Transients in Astrophysics, ed. Woosley S. E. (New York: AIP), 31. White N......

Kentaro Terada; Shunji Kitamoto; Hitoshi Negoro; Sayuri Iga

2002-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

104

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelial cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelialcells; Lee et al. 3D culture models of normal and malignantFor correspondence: mjbissell@lbl.gov 3D culture models of

Lee, Genee Y.; Kenny, Paraic A.; Lee, Eva H.; Bissell, Mina J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Scheme to Retain the Hadley Circulation During Nonlinear Normal Mode Initialization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified nonlinear normal mode initialization scheme is proposed which provides a possible solution to a major problem associated with nonlinear normal mode initialization. The modified scheme retains the Hadley circulation in the model and at ...

K. Puri; W. Bourke

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Direct normal irradiance related definitions and applications: The circumsolar issue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The direct irradiance received on a plane normal to the sun, called direct normal irradiance (DNI), is of particular relevance to concentrated solar technologies, including concentrating solar thermal plants and concentrated photovoltaic systems. Following various standards from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the DNI definition is related to the irradiance from a small solid angle of the sky, centered on the position of the sun. Half-angle apertures of pyrheliometers measuring DNI have varied over time, up to ?10. The current recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for this half-angle is 2.5. Solar concentrating collectors have an angular acceptance function that can be significantly narrower, especially for technologies with high concentration ratios. The disagreement between the various interpretations of DNI, from the theoretical definition used in atmospheric physics and radiative transfer modeling to practical definitions corresponding to specific measurements or conversion technologies is significant, especially in the presence of cirrus clouds or large concentration of aerosols. Under such sky conditions, the circumsolar radiationi.e. the diffuse radiation coming from the vicinity of the suncontributes significantly to the DNI ground measurement, although some concentrating collectors cannot utilize the bulk of it. These issues have been identified in the EU-funded projects MACC-II (Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate-Interim Implementation) and SFERA (Solar Facilities for the European Research Area), and have been discussed within a panel of international experts in the framework of the Solar Heating and Cooling (SHC) program of the International Energy Agencys (IEAs) Task 46 Solar Resource Assessment and Forecasting. In accordance with these discussions, the terms of reference related to DNI are specified here. The important role of circumsolar radiation is evidenced, and its potential contribution is evaluated for typical atmospheric conditions. For thorough analysis of performance of concentrating solar systems, it is recommended that, in addition to the conventional DNI related to 2.5 half-angle of todays pyrheliometers, solar resource data sets also report the sunshape, the circumsolar contribution or the circumsolar ratio (CSR).

P. Blanc; B. Espinar; N. Geuder; C. Gueymard; R. Meyer; R. Pitz-Paal; B. Reinhardt; D. Renn; M. Sengupta; L. Wald; S. Wilbert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Imaging of normal and pathologic joint synovium using nonlinear optical microscopy as a potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and gout at 3.0 million. Arthritis can result in irreversible destruction and loss of normal articular

Rose, Michael R.

108

The Smith Normal Form of a Matrix Associated with Young's Lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Smith Normal Form of a Matrix Associated with Young's Lattice Tommy Wuxing Cai and Richard P. Stanley Abstract. We prove a conjecture of Miller and Reiner on the Smith normal form of the operator DU be a commutative ring with 1 and M an m?m matrix over R. We say that M has a Smith normal form (SNF) over R

109

Application of the Smith Normal Form to the Structure of Lattice Rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Application of the Smith Normal Form to the Structure of Lattice Rules J. N. Lyness \\Lambda P and the Smith normal form of an integer matrix. It is shown that the invariants of the canonical form of Q(\\Lambda)f coincide with the elements of the Smith normal form of B = A T \\Gamma1 , the reciprocal lattice generator

Keast, Patrick

110

Kinematics and kinetics of normal and planovalgus feet during walking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Planovalgus deformity is prevalent in cerebral palsy patients, but very few studies have quantitatively reported differences between planovalgus and normal foot function. Intersegmental foot kinetics have not been reported in this population. In this study, a three segment (hindfoot, forefoot, hallux) kinematic and kinetic model was applied to typically developing (n=10 subjects, 20 feet) and planovalgus (n=10 subjects, 18 feet) pediatric subjects by two clinicians for each subject. Intra-clinician and inter-clinician repeatability of kinematic variables have been previously reported. Variability of kinetic outcomes (joint moments and power) is reported and found to be equally repeatable in typically developing and planovalgus groups. Kinematic differences in the planovalgus foot including excessive ankle eversion (valgus) and plantarflexion, reduced ankle flexion range of motion, and increased midfoot joint dorsiflexion and pronation reflected the reported pathology. Contrary to clinical expectations no significant difference was observed in midfoot flexion or ankle eversion ranges of motion. Kinetic differences in planovalgus feet compared to typically developing feet included reduced ankle plantarflexion moment, ankle power and midfoot joint power.

Prabhav Saraswat; Bruce A. MacWilliams; Roy B. Davis; Jacques L. DAstous

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Rap G protein signal in normal and disordered lymphohematopoiesis  

SciTech Connect

Rap proteins (Rap1, Rap2a, b, c) are small molecular weight GTPases of the Ras family. Rap G proteins mediate diverse cellular events such as cell adhesion, proliferation, and gene activation through various signaling pathways. Activation of Rap signal is regulated tightly by several specific regulatory proteins including guanine nucleotide exchange factors and GTPase-activating proteins. Beyond cell biological studies, increasing attempts have been made in the past decade to define the roles of Rap signal in specific functions of normal tissue systems as well as in cancer. In the immune and hematopoietic systems, Rap signal plays crucial roles in the development and function of essentially all lineages of lymphocytes and hematopoietic cells, and importantly, deregulated Rap signal may lead to unique pathological conditions depending on the affected cell types, including various types of leukemia and autoimmunity. The phenotypical studies have unveiled novel, even unexpected functional aspects of Rap signal in cells from a variety of tissues, providing potentially important clues for controlling human diseases, including malignancy.

Minato, Nagahiro, E-mail: minato@imm.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

112

Sampling Plan for Assaying Plates Containing Depleted or Normal Uranium  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the rationale behind the proposed method for selecting a 'representative' sample of uranium metal plates, portions of which will be destructively assayed at the Y-12 Security Complex. The total inventory of plates is segregated into two populations, one for Material Type 10 (depleted uranium (DU)) and one for Material Type 81 (normal [or natural] uranium (NU)). The plates within each population are further stratified by common dimensions. A spreadsheet gives the collective mass of uranium element (and isotope for DU) and the piece count of all plates within each stratum. These data are summarized in Table 1. All plates are 100% uranium metal, and all but approximately 60% of the NU plates have Kel-F{reg_sign} coating. The book inventory gives an overall U-235 isotopic percentage of 0.22% for the DU plates, ranging from 0.19% to 0.22%. The U-235 ratio of the NU plates is assumed to be 0.71%. As shown in Table 1, the vast majority of the plates are comprised of depleted uranium, so most of the plates will be sampled from the DU population.

Ivan R. Thomas

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Modeling pore corrosion in normally open gold- plated copper connectors.  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this study is to model the electrical response of gold plated copper electrical contacts exposed to a mixed flowing gas stream consisting of air containing 10 ppb H{sub 2}S at 30 C and a relative humidity of 70%. This environment accelerates the attack normally observed in a light industrial environment (essentially a simplified version of the Battelle Class 2 environment). Corrosion rates were quantified by measuring the corrosion site density, size distribution, and the macroscopic electrical resistance of the aged surface as a function of exposure time. A pore corrosion numerical model was used to predict both the growth of copper sulfide corrosion product which blooms through defects in the gold layer and the resulting electrical contact resistance of the aged surface. Assumptions about the distribution of defects in the noble metal plating and the mechanism for how corrosion blooms affect electrical contact resistance were needed to complete the numerical model. Comparisons are made to the experimentally observed number density of corrosion sites, the size distribution of corrosion product blooms, and the cumulative probability distribution of the electrical contact resistance. Experimentally, the bloom site density increases as a function of time, whereas the bloom size distribution remains relatively independent of time. These two effects are included in the numerical model by adding a corrosion initiation probability proportional to the surface area along with a probability for bloom-growth extinction proportional to the corrosion product bloom volume. The cumulative probability distribution of electrical resistance becomes skewed as exposure time increases. While the electrical contact resistance increases as a function of time for a fraction of the bloom population, the median value remains relatively unchanged. In order to model this behavior, the resistance calculated for large blooms has been weighted more heavily.

Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Moffat, Harry K.; Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Enos, David George; Serna, Lysle M.; Sorensen, Neil Robert

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document explains how to use estimated energy rates and normalized weather data in determining an energy service company's (ESCO's) payments under a Federal energy savings performance contract (ESPC).

115

Boussinesqs viscoelastic problem on normal concentrated force on a half-space surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A problem on the action of a normal concentrated force on the surface of viscoelastic half-space (Boussinesqs viscoelastic problem) is solved. The...

Latif K. Talybly

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Ar-40/Ar-39 Age Constraints for the Jaramillo Normal Subchron...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

oxygen isotope, climate record calibration of the astronomical timescale proposed by Johnson (1982) and Shackleton et al. (1990). Ar-40Ar-39 ages of a normally magnetized...

117

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymp normalization coefficients Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: Department of Mathematics, Capital Normal University Beijing 100048, China Abstract: It's a joint work... our recent work on the asymp- totic stability of the waves...

118

Temperature dependence of the structure of Langmuir films of normal-alkanes on liquid mercury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temperature dependence of the structure of Langmuir films of normal-alkanes on liquid mercury H phase behavior of Langmuir films of n-alkanes CH3(CH2)n 2CH3 , denote Cn on mercury was studied surface normal, alkanes on mercury are always oriented surface parallel and show no long-range in

Ocko, Ben

119

Generating all permutations by context-free grammars in Greibach normal form  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider context-free grammars G"n in Greibach normal form and, particularly, in Greibach m-form (m=1,2) which generates the finite language L"n of all n! strings that are permutations of n different symbols (n>=1). These grammars are investigated ... Keywords: Context-free grammar, Descriptional complexity, Greibach normal form, Permutation, Unambiguous grammar

Peter R. J. Asveld

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Formant Structures of Vowels Produced by Stutterers in Normal and Fast Speech Hirsch F. 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formant Structures of Vowels Produced by Stutterers in Normal and Fast Speech Rates 1 Hirsch F. 1 of untreated and treated stutterers, and control subjects. Locus equations have been calculated to observe a reduction of vowel space for stutterers at a normal speaking rate. When speech rate increases, no reduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

PhD Project: `Normal' and `abnormal' climates: understanding their social, psychological and statistical constructions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PhD Project: `Normal' and `abnormal' climates: understanding their social, psychological) A conventional meteorological definition of climate is an aggregation of weather over a specified period of time, however, construct their expectations of climate `normality' in different ways. Direct experiences

Hulme, Mike

122

Rendering glints on high-resolution normal-mapped specular surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex specular surfaces under sharp point lighting show a fascinating glinty appearance, but rendering it is an unsolved problem. Using Monte Carlo pixel sampling for this purpose is impractical: the energy is concentrated in tiny highlights that take ... Keywords: glints, high-resolution normal maps, normal distribution functions, specular highlights

Ling-Qi Yan; Milo Haan; Wenzel Jakob; Jason Lawrence; Steve Marschner; Ravi Ramamoorthi

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Modeling and Generating Daily Changes in Market Variables Using A Multivariate Mixture of Normal Distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling and Generating Daily Changes in Market Variables Using A Multivariate Mixture of Normal Distributions Jin Wang Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Valdosta State University Valdosta, GA 31698-0040 January 28, 2000 Abstract The mixture of normal distributions provides a useful extension

Wang, Jin

124

Original article Normal and sickle red blood cell dynamics under venular flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Original article Normal and sickle red blood cell dynamics under venular flow C. Allayousa , A these notions are found in sickle cell disease where sickle red blood cells become more rigid, leading. Thus, normal and sickle red blood cells are classified into different sub-groups, showing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

125

A Filtering Mechanism for Normal Fish Trajectories Cigdem Beyan, Robert B. Fisher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Filtering Mechanism for Normal Fish Trajectories Cigdem Beyan, Robert B. Fisher IPAB, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, UK C.Beyan@sms.ed.ac.uk, rbf@inf.ed.ac.uk Abstract Understanding fish surveillance, etc. However, the literature is very limited in terms of normal/abnormal fish behavior

Fisher, Bob

126

Impact of assumption of log-normal distribution on monthly rainfall estimation from TMI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The log-normal assumption for the distribution of the rain rates used for the estimation of monthly rain totals proposed in Wilheit et al 1991 was examined. Since the log-normal assumption was originally used for the SSM/I, it is now necessary to re...

Lee, Dong Heon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

127

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q) Peter Sin, University. In our case D = q4I. #12;Smith normal forms A, L define endomorphisms of the free Z-module on lines. Cokernel of A is called the Smith group and the torsion subgroup of the cokernel of L is known

Sin, Peter

128

Geometry and scaling relations of a population of very small rift-related normal faults  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

normal faults within the Solite Quarry of the Dan River rift basin range in length from a few millimetres AND SCALING RELATIONS The small normal faults are present in quarries of the Virginia Solite Corporation outcrops and quarried boulders (Fig. 2). The fault traces are typically straight, although the fault tips

129

New method for computing ideal MHD normal modes in axisymmetric toroidal geometry  

SciTech Connect

Analytic elimination of the two magnetic surface components of the displacement vector permits the normal mode ideal MHD equations to be reduced to a scalar form. A Galerkin procedure, similar to that used in the PEST codes, is implemented to determine the normal modes computationally. The method retains the efficient stability capabilities of the PEST 2 energy principle code, while allowing computation of the normal mode frequencies and eigenfunctions, if desired. The procedure is illustrated by comparison with earlier various of PEST and by application to tilting modes in spheromaks, and to stable discrete Alfven waves in tokamak geometry.

Wysocki, F.; Grimm, R.C.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Fuel cell system logic for differentiating between rapid and normal shutdown commands  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of controlling the operation of a fuel cell system wherein each shutdown command for the system is subjected to decision logic which determines whether the command should be a normal shutdown command or rapid shutdown command. If the logic determines that the shutdown command should be a normal shutdown command, then the system is shutdown in a normal step-by-step process in which the hydrogen stream is consumed within the system. If the logic determines that the shutdown command should be a rapid shutdown command, the hydrogen stream is removed from the system either by dumping to atmosphere or routing to storage.

Keskula, Donald H. (Webster, NY); Doan, Tien M. (Columbia, MD); Clingerman, Bruce J. (Palmyra, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC Subject: The use of estimated energy rates 1 and normalized weather 2 data in determining contractor (ESCO) payments under an energy savings performance contract (ESPC). Summary: As explained below, the use of estimated energy rates and normalized weather data is permitted when determining ESCO payments under an ESPC. Authority: The authority for ESPCs is established in the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA), as amended. (42 U.S.C. 8287 et seq.) Implementing regulations for ESPCs are at 10 CFR Part 436 subpart B. Guidance: Section 801(a)(2)(B) of NECPA requires that "[a]aggregate annual payments by an agency ... may not exceed the amount ... the agency would have paid (as estimated

132

Method for distinguishing normal and transformed cells using G1 kinase inhibitors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A G.sub.1 phase kinase inhibitor is applied in a low concentration to a population of normal and transformed mammalian cells. The concentration of G.sub.1 phase kinase inhibitor is selected to reversibly arrest normal mammalian cells in the G.sub.1 cell cycle without arresting growth of transformed cells. The transformed cells may then be selectively identified and/or cloned for research or diagnostic purposes. The transformed cells may also be selectively killed by therapeutic agents that do not affect normal cells in the G.sub.1 phase, suggesting that such G.sub.1 phase kinase inhibitors may form an effective adjuvant for use with chemotherapeutic agents in cancer therapy for optimizing the killing dose of chemotherapeutic agents while minimizing undesirable side effects on normal cells.

Crissman, Harry A. (Los Alamos, NM); Gadbois, Donna M. (Los Alamos, NM); Tobey, Robert A. (Los Alamos, NM); Bradbury, E. Morton (Santa Fe, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

A CW normal-conductive RF gun for free electron laser and energy recovery linac applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Todd, State-of-the art electron guns and injector de- signs,7] Summary of working group on guns and injectors, 41st Ad-A CW normal-conductive RF gun for free electron laser and

Baptiste, Kenneth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Method for distinguishing normal and transformed cells using G1 kinase inhibitors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitor is applied in a low concentration to a population of normal and transformed mammalian cells. The concentration of G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitor is selected to reversibly arrest normal mammalian cells in the G[sub 1] cell cycle without arresting growth of transformed cells. The transformed cells may then be selectively identified and/or cloned for research or diagnostic purposes. The transformed cells may also be selectively killed by therapeutic agents that do not affect normal cells in the G[sub 1] phase, suggesting that such G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitors may form an effective adjuvant for use with chemotherapeutic agents in cancer therapy for optimizing the killing dose of chemotherapeutic agents while minimizing undesirable side effects on normal cells.

Crissman, H.A.; Gadbois, D.M.; Tobey, R.A.; Bradbury, E.M.

1993-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

135

Electron yield soft X-ray photoabsorption spectroscopy under normal ambient-pressure conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soft X-ray photoabsorption spectroscopy under normal ambient-pressure conditions using electron yield detection was demonstrated. This technique provided unambiguous photoabsorption data for hydrated transition-metal compounds and identified the different chemical states of cobalt ions.

Tamenori, Y.

2013-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

136

Bistructures, Bidomains and Linear Pierre-Louis Curien, LIENS, CNRSEcole Normale Superieure, Paris, France  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bistructures, Bidomains and Linear Logic Pierre-Louis Curien, LIENS, CNRS­Ecole Normale Sup hope that the structures isolated here will help in the search for a direct, extensional

Plotkin, Gordon

137

regulation. Buoys and ship-based sensors are normally used to measure the amount of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regulation. Buoys and ship-based sensors are normally used to measure the amount of water the concept by building electronic components such as field-effect transistors. MATERIALS SCIENCE Bettercoats

Heller, Eric

138

Operating Experience Level 3, Dangers of Objects Falling into Normally Occupied Areas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Operating Experience Level 3 (OE-3) document provides information about a safety concern related to the dangers of items falling from heights into spaces normally occupied by workers at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities.

139

Normal control charts with nonparametric Willem Albers and Wilbert C.M. Kallenberg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Normal control charts with nonparametric safeguard Willem Albers and Wilbert C.M. Kallenberg kicks in and as such serves as a nonparametric safeguard. Keywords and phrases: Statistical Process

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

140

Comparative Effects of Thyroidal Stimulants and Inhibitors of Normal and Tumorous Thyroids in Xiphophorin Fishes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...invasive "carcinomatous" powers and normal responsiveness...pablum-liver food, dried ocean shrimp, living tubificids...X 1Hi. FIG. 4. "High power reproduction of section...heteroclitus (Linn.). Bull. Ocean. Coll., 14:5-41...

Olga Berg; Myron Gordon; and Aubrey Gorbman

1954-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Comparison of the Plasma, Urine and Blister Fluid Pharmacokinetics of Clarithromycin and Azithromycin in Normal Subjects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This open-label, multiple-dose study was intended to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of clarithromyin and azithromycin in plasma/serum, urine, and inflammatory and noninflammatory blister fluid, in 8 normal subj...

Dr Guy W. Amsden; Charles H. Ballow; Alan Forrest

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electric Resistance Welded Steels for Normalized N-80 Oil and Gas Well Tubulars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the development and successful commercialization of a manganese-molybdenum steel for use in the production of normalized electric resistance welded N-80 casing and tubing. The...

David L. Sponseller; Thomas B. Cox; Evan J. Vineberg

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC Subject: The use of estimated energy rates 1 and normalized weather 2 data in determining contractor (ESCO) payments under an energy savings performance contract (ESPC). Summary: As explained below, the use of estimated energy rates and normalized weather data is permitted when determining ESCO payments under an ESPC. Authority: The authority for ESPCs is established in the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA), as amended. (42 U.S.C. 8287 et seq.) Implementing regulations for ESPCs are at 10 CFR Part 436 subpart B. Guidance: Section 801(a)(2)(B) of NECPA requires that "[a]aggregate annual payments by an agency ... may not exceed the amount ... the agency would have paid (as estimated

144

May 28-29, 2008/ARR Thermal Effect of Off-Normal Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;May 28-29, 2008/ARR 2 Power Plant FW Under Energy Deposition from Off- Normal Conditions · Thermal for Power Plant with Bare FS FW · Disruption simulation: q''=1.667 x 109 W/m2 over 3 ms (~5 MJ/m2) · 4+1 mm impact of off-normal events on power plant FW presented before for SiC and W · Questions arise

Raffray, A. René

145

Slip rate variations on normal faults during glacialinterglacial changes in surface loads  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Here we use finite-element models to investigate why four parallel normal faultsthe Wasatch, West Valley, Oquirrh and Stansbury faults in the eastern Basin and Range Province, Utahhave experienced ... We now test whether the Late Pleistocene/Holocene increase in slip rates of the Wasatch, West Valley, Oquirrh and Stansbury normal faults may be due to isostatic rebound caused by the ...

Ralf Hetzel; Andrea Hampel

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

146

Indirect methods of determination of the asymptotic normalization coefficients and their application for nuclear astrophysics  

SciTech Connect

The basic methods of the determination of asymptotic normalization coefficient for A+a?B of astrophysical interest are briefly presented. The results of the application of the specific asymptotic normalization coefficients derived within these methods for the extrapolation of the astrophysical S factors to experimentally inaccessible energy regions (E ? 25 keV) for the some specific radiative capture A(a,?)B reactions of the pp-chain and the CNO cycle are presented.

Yarmukhamedov, R. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, 100214 Tashkent (Uzbekistan)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

147

Reactive-coupling-induced normal mode splittings in microdisk resonators coupled to waveguides  

SciTech Connect

We study the optomechanical design introduced by M. Li et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223901 (2009)], which is very effective for investigation of the effects of reactive coupling. We show the normal mode splitting that is due solely to reactive coupling rather than due to dispersive coupling. We suggest feeding the waveguide with a pump field along with a probe field and scanning the output probe for evidence of reactive-coupling-induced normal mode splitting.

Huang Sumei; Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

The effects of dietary phenylalanine supplementation on ochratoxicosis in normal and partially nephrectomized rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECTS OF DIETARY PHENYLALANINE SUPPLEMENTATION ON OCHRATOXICOSIS IN NORMAL AND PARTIALLY NEPHRECTOMIZED RATS A Thesis By RUGER WILLIAM PARKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AKM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December lg83 Magor SubJect: Epidemiology THE EFFECTS OF DIETARY PHENYLALANINE SUPPLEMENTATION ON OCHRATOXICOSIS IN NORMAL AND PARTIALLY NEPHRECTOMIZEU RATS A Thesis by ROGER WILLIAM PARKER Approved...

Parker, Roger William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

149

Population of superdeformed bands, the competition with fission, and the barrier between normal and superdeformed states  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we report on the entry points leading to superdeformed (SD) as well as normal bands. We find that, compared to normal bands, the entry spins for the SD bands are about 9 {h bar} higher, and the entry excitation energy 1--3 MeV colder. We also conclude that population of the SD bands represents successful competition against fission. SD bands in both the Dy and Hg regions are considered.

Khoo, T.L.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Moore, E.F.; Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M.P.; Chasman, R.R.; Wolfs, F.L.H. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Beard, K.B.; Garg, U.; Ye, D. (Notre Dame Univ., IN (USA)); Benet, P.; Daly, P.J.; Grabowski, Z.W. (Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (USA)); Drigert, M.W. (Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Ultrasonic absorption associated with tertiary butanol complex formation in normal-hexane solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ULTRASONIC ABSORPTION ASSOCIATED WITH TERTIARY BUTANOL COMPLEX FORMATION IN NORMAL-HEXANE SOLUTIONS A Thesis by SALIM MICHEL BUCARAM Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 196l Major Subject; Physics ULTRASONIC ABSORPTION ASSOCIATED WITH TERTIARY BUTANOL COMPLEX FORMATION IN NORMAL-HEXANE SOLUTIONS A Thesis by SALIM MICHEL BUCARAM Approved as to style and content by...

Bucaram, Salim Michel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

151

Incident detection using the Standard Normal Deviate model and travel time information from probe vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INCIDENT DETECTION USING THE STANDARD iNORMAL DEVIATE MODEL AND TRAVEL TECHIE INFORMATION FROM PROBE VEHICLES A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER EUGENE MOUNTAIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTFR OF SCIENCE December 1993 Major Subject: Civil Engineering INCIDENT DETECTION USING THE STANDARD NORMAL DEVIATE MODEL AND TRAVEL TIME INFORMATION FROM PROBE VEHICLES A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER EUGENE MOUNTAIN Submitted...

Mountain, Christopher Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

152

The Cumulative Ecological Effects of Normal Offshore Petroleum Operations Contrasted With Those Resulting From Continental Shelf Oil Spills [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ecological Effects of Normal Offshore Petroleum Operations Contrasted...Resulting From Continental Shelf Oil Spills [and Discussion...from normal (non-spill) offshore petroleum operations have...studies of spills of crude oil and its refined products...

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Frictional motion of normal-fluid component of superfluid H3e in aerogel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The superfluidity of liquid H3e in a high-porosity aerogel has been studied using a fourth-sound resonance technique. This technique has two significant advantages: it can directly determine the superfluid density and it can derive the transport properties of the viscous normal-fluid component. The temperature dependence of the resonance frequency revealed suppression of superfluidity and that a finite normal-fluid fraction exists even at T=0. The motion of the normal-fluid component has also been investigated. As T?0, the energy loss becomes very small, despite a finite amount of the normal-fluid component remaining. This implies that the normal-fluid component is highly constrained by the aerogel, and hence the dissipation mechanism cannot be described in terms of the conventional hydrodynamic model. We have succeeded to explain these results by introducing a frictional relaxation model to describe our observations, and found that the flow field changes from being parabolic (Hagen-Poiseuille viscous flow) to flat (Drude frictional flow) on introducing an aerogel. Numerical calculation of the relaxation time using the quasiclassical Greens-function method reproduces experimental results.

Ken Obara; Chiaki Kato; Takaho Matsukura; Yusuke Nago; Ryusuke Kado; Hideo Yano; Osamu Ishikawa; Toru Hata; Seiji Higashitani; Katsuhiko Nagai

2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

154

Solar: annual and seasonal average direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Direct Normal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images obtained from 1995 to 2002

155

Symbolic computation of solitons in the normal dispersion regime of inhomogeneous optical fibres  

SciTech Connect

A nonlinear Schroedinger equation with varying dispersion, nonlinearity and gain (or absorption) is studied for ultrashort optical pulses propagating in inhomogeneous optical fibres in the case of normal dispersion. Using the modified Hirota method and symbolic computation, the bilinear form and analytic soliton solution are derived. Stable bright and dark solitons are observed in the normal dispersion regime. A periodically varying soliton and compressed soliton without any fluctuation are obtained. Combined and kink-shaped solitons are observed. Possibly applicable soliton control techniques, which are used to design dispersion-managed systems, are proposed. The proposed techniques may find applications in soliton management communication links, soliton compression and soliton control. (solitons)

Liu Wenjun; Tain Bo; Li Min; Jiang Yan; Qu Qixing; Wang Pan; Sun Kun [School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing (China)

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

156

Episodic release of plasma LH in normal cycling and ovariectomized cows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Release in Normal Cycling Animals (juantitation of peripheral plasma levels of LH during the normal estrous cycle has been reported in most domestic species including the cow (Shams and Karg, 1969a; Henricks et al. , 1970; Swanson and Hafs, 1971...). Swanson and Hafs (1971), however, observed this phenomenon from 8 hr before to 8 hr after the manifestation of estrus. In sheep, the initial rise in pre- ovulatory LH begins 0 to 10 hr after the onset of estrous behavior (Geschwind and Dewey, 1968...

Rahe, Charles Hardin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

157

Assessment of the Exposure to and Dose from Radon Decay Products in Normally Occupied Homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessment of the Exposure to and Dose from Radon Decay Products in Normally Occupied Homes ... In homes supplied by water with a high radon content, inhalation exposure from the radon in the water may occur on two different time scales: (a) long-term exposure that occurs due to an increase in the background radon concentration from radon released ... ... Experimental Assessment of the Short- and Long-Term Effects of 222Rn from Domestic Shower Water on the Dose Burden Incurred in Normally Occupied Homes ...

Philip K. Hopke; Bent. Jensen; Chih-Shan. Li; Nathalie. Montassier; Piotr. Wasiolek; Alfred J. Cavallo; Kenneth. Gatsby; Robert H. Socolow; Anthony C. James

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Normal modes and dispersion relations in a beaded string: An experiment for an undergraduate laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Normal modes and dispersion relations are studied in a beaded string by forming stationary waves. Thin copper wire with brass beads mounted on it works as a one?dimensional medium possessing a granular structure. The beaded string carrying a sinusoidal current is forced to oscillate under the action of an external magnetic field. Various normal modes are conveniently excited and the observed ? vs k relationship agrees well with the theoretical predictions. Simplicity of the apparatus tractibility of the mathematical analysis and the correspondence between theoretical predictions and measurements make the experiment suitable for an undergraduate laboratory.

Gauri Shanker; V. K. Gupta; N. K. Sharma; D. P. Khandelwal

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Detecting Eating Using a Wrist Mounted Device During Normal Daily Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detecting Eating Using a Wrist Mounted Device During Normal Daily Activities Yujie Dong1, Adam method for automated monitoring of eating. Our method uses a single sensor that is worn on the wrist, similar in form to a watch. Wrist orientation was captured at a rate of 60 Hz for an entire day while four

Hoover, Adam

160

Joint Cohort Normalization in a Multi-Feature Speaker Verification System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The performance of the technique is compared against two popular types of fusion: feature vector concatenation-- In this paper we propose a new fusion tech- nique, termed Joint Cohort Normalization Fusion, where the in- formation fusion is done prior to the likelihood ratio test in a speaker verification system

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Non-normal and stochastic amplification of magnetic energy in the turbulent dynamo: Subcritical case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-normal and stochastic amplification of magnetic energy in the turbulent dynamo: Subcritical stochastic perturbations. We show that even for the subcritical case all eigenvalues are negative-scale magnetic field generation, it fails to predict the subcritical onset of a large-scale magnetic field

Fedotov, Sergei

162

Non-normal and Stochastic Amplification in Turbulent Dynamo: Subcritical Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our attention focuses on the stochastic dynamo equation with non-normal operator that give an insight into the role of stochastics and non-normality in the galactic magnetic field generation. The main point of this Letter is a discussion of the generation of a large-scale magnetic field that cannot be explained by traditional linear eigenvalue analysis. We present a simple stochastic model for the thin-disk axisymmetric $\\alpha \\Omega $ dynamo involving three factors: (a) the non-normality generated by differential rotation, (b) the nonlinearity reflecting how the magnetic field affects the turbulent dynamo coefficients, and (c) stochastic perturbations. We show that even for \\textit{subcritical case,} there are three possible mechanisms for the generation of magnetic field. The first mechanism is a deterministic one that describes an interplay between transient growth and nonlinear saturation of the turbulent $\\alpha -$effect and diffusivity. It turns out that the trivial state is nonlinearity unstable to small but finite initial perturbations. The second and third are the stochastic mechanisms that account for the interaction of non-normal effect generated by differential rotation and random additive and multiplicative fluctuations. In particular, we show that in \\textit{subcritical case}the average magnetic energy can grow exponentially with time due to the multiplicative noise associated with $\\alpha -$effect.

Sergei Fedotov

2003-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

163

Purification and Quantitation of Preneoplastic Antigen from Hyperplastic Nodules and Normal Liver  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...one-half of the gels by electrodialysis (11). Immunological Techniques...washing for 24 hr in distilled water, after which they were then...deoxy cholate, and detergent treatment did not affect their reac...from normal rat liver after treatment with deoxy cholate had about...

Martin J. Griffin and Donald E. Kizer

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Normal modes, virtual modes, and alternative representations in the theory of surface?duct sound propagation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a theoretical study of sound propagation in an ocean?surface duct. It deals with several aspects of the theory from a point of view which has not heretofore been taken in the analyses of this problem. The model used to describe a duct assumes the ocean surface to be smooth and the square of the refractive index to be bilinear. Alternative representations of the sound field excited by a point source are derived the two playing the most significant role in this paper being the residue series and the normal?mode representation. It is shown that the depth functions of the residue series do not form a complete set as those of a normal?mode representation must and that the normal?mode spectrum is continuous rather than discrete. The completeness properties of the normal?mode functions are then utilized in a study of the energy?trapping capabilities of the duct. In this connection virtual modes are introduced and shown to lead naturally to the derivation of a leakage coefficient characteristic of the exponential leakage of energy out of the duct with increasing range. In addition a cutoff?frequency criterion useful in determining when a surface duct can trap energy is derived.

Frank M. Labianca

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The Normal Modes of the Earth Lapo Boschi (lapo@erdw.ethz.ch)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) is given by Newton's law of gravitation, ¨u(r, t) = V r - r |r - r|3 G(r )d3 r , (1) with G denoting Newton, with associated eigenfrequencies: the normal modes (free oscillations) of the Earth. Self-Gravitation to the gravity field caused by the Earth's deformation u(r, t) itself ("self-gravitation"). Those terms, how

Boschi, Lapo

166

Effects of oxygen concentration on radiative loss from normal-gravity and microgravity methane diffusion flames  

SciTech Connect

Laminar diffusion flames of methane, burning in quiescent oxidizing environments at atmospheric pressure, have been studied under both normal-gravity and microgravity conditions. Radiation from these flames is measured using a wide-view-angle, thermopile detector radiometer. The oxidizer was 18, 21, and 30 percent oxygen in nitrogen. 17 refs.

Bahadori, M.Y.; Edelman, R.B.; Stocker, D.P.; Sotos, R.G.; Vaughan, D.F. (Science Applications International Corp., Torrance, CA (United States) Rockwell International Corp., Rocketdyne Div., Canoga Park, CA (United States) NASA, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF ANNUAL ICE CYCLE 1. Fall Cooling 2. Ice Formation 3. Ice Thickness 4. Seasonal Maximum Ice Cover 5ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA R.A. Assel and J describes an interactive menu- driven computer tutorial on the contemporary ice cover climatology

168

Nucleic Acid Content of Splenic Lymphocytes in Normal and Leukemic Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...lymphocyte of normal mouse. MATERIALS AND METHODS Spleens...plotted in a scatter diagram in which the abscissa...points in the scatter diagram fell into a MENTENet...depolymerization of nuclear material (5), attests its...by a less traumatic handling. The dog lymphocytes...

M. L. Menten; M. Willms; and W. D. Wright

1953-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

An omnibus test of normality for moderate and large size samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......compares favourably with the Shapiro-Wilk W test,1, b2 and the...Omnibus test of normality|Shapiro- Wilk test; Skewness|kurtosis...edition. London: Griffin. BAO, C. B. (1966). Linear Statistical...Applications. New York: Wiley. SHAPIRO, S. S. & WILE, M. B......

RALPH B. D'AGOSTINO

1971-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A generalized 3D inverted pendulum model to represent human normal walking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A generalized 3D inverted pendulum model to represent human normal walking Sophie Sakka IRCCy,lacouture}@univ-poitiers.fr Abstract-- This paper compares different inverted pendulum models to represent the stance phase of human adapted to pathological walking as the walking symmetry hypothesis -needed to build classical inverted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

171

Neurofeedback training produces normalization in behavioural and electrophysiological measures of high-functioning autism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...subjects but not in TDs. This suggests that induction of neuroplastic changes via NFT can normalize...entrainment of multiple domain-specific generators. These domains exhibit synchronized...functional connectivity in the ASD brain via induction of neuroplastic changes and that this...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Quantitative analysis along the pyramidal tract by length-normalized parameterization based on diffusion tensor tractography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on diffusion tensor tractography: Application to patients with relapsing neuromyelitis optica Fuchun Lin,a,1 the pyramidal tract (PYT) of relapsing neuromyelitis optica (RNMO) patients without visible brain lesions-normalized parameterization; Diffusion indices; Pyramidal tract; Relapsing neuromyelitis optica Introduction Diffusion tensor

Jiang,Tianzi

173

Radar and Lightning Observations of Normal and Inverted Polarity Multicellular Storms from STEPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, as well as extraordinary total flash rates as high as 500 min 1 . The National Lightning Detection NetworkRadar and Lightning Observations of Normal and Inverted Polarity Multicellular Storms from STEPS received 11 July 2006, in final form 15 February 2007) ABSTRACT This study discusses radar and lightning

Rutledge, Steven

174

TRENDS IN DIRECT NORMAL SOLAR IRRADIANCE IN OREGON FROM 1979-2003 Laura Riihimaki  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. A better understanding of the regional climate models can be achieved by utilizing long- term solarTRENDS IN DIRECT NORMAL SOLAR IRRADIANCE IN OREGON FROM 1979-2003 Laura Riihimaki Frank Vignola To better understand the characteristics of the region's solar resource, a preliminary study was undertaken

Oregon, University of

175

Normalized Access to Ontology Repositories Kim Viljanen, Jouni Tuominen, Eetu Makela and Eero Hyvonen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the best matching concepts for her needs. 1http://bioportal.bioontology.org/ 2http://onki.fi 3http://ontolog.cimNormalized Access to Ontology Repositories Kim Viljanen, Jouni Tuominen, Eetu M¨akel¨a and Eero Hyv http://www.seco.tkk.fi/, firstname.lastname@aalto.fi Abstract--Ontology repositories, such as NCBO

Hyvönen, Eero

176

Subcellular Distribution of Inorganic Pyrophosphatase Activity in Various Normal and Neoplastic Cell Types  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...migrating toward the cathode. The same cytosolic...migrating toward the cathode. The same cytosolic...accepted April 26, 1983. MATERIALS AND METHODS Normal livers...soluble enzyme is highly active. Our first approach...and other particulate material, was also assayed at...

Jennie B. Shatton; Albert Williams; and Sidney Weinhouse

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Profiles of Prostaglandin Biosynthesis in Normal Lung and Tumor Tissue from Lung Cancer Patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Lung Biopsy Fragments Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...Fischer, S. M. Arachidonatc cascade and skin tumor promotion. In...H. T. Inhibition of murine natural killer cell activity by prostaglandins...normal human lung by capillary gas chromatography-negative ion...

Theodore L. McLemore; Walter C. Hubbard; Charles L. Litterst; Mark C. Liu; Stephan Miller; Noreen A. McMahon; Joseph C. Eggleston; and Michael R. Boyd

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Comparative Effects of Thyroidal Stimulants and Inhibitors of Normal and Tumorous Thyroids in Xiphophorin Fishes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...carcinomatous" powers and normal responsiveness...viviparous fresh water fish is first manifested...FIG. 4. "High power reproduction of section...strains raised in water containing 100...undiluted conditioned water, which has 0.5...with Goitrogens and Car cinogens. Cancer...

Olga Berg; Myron Gordon; and Aubrey Gorbman

1954-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Dichotic Pitch: A new stimulus distinguishes normal and dyslexic auditory function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dichotic Pitch: A new stimulus distinguishes normal and dyslexic auditory function Robert F pitch detection in dyslexia Corresponding author: Deborah E. Giaschi Department of Ophthalmology, room A acoustic white noise can be binaurally fused by the human auditory system to extract pitch and location

Dougherty, Bob

180

A Novel Approach to Determine Normal Variation in Gene Expression Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and regulation. In the last decade the development of mouse models for cancer, dia- betes, neuro to experimental noise in each of the mice and then mines for normal variance among the identical mice-throughput gene expression has become an important tool to study transcriptional activity in a variety of bio

Zaki, Mohammed Javeed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Scuola Normale Superiore -Pisa September 1988 A Variational Definition of the Strain Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1) is a natural regularity assumption, (2.2) has the important physical meaning that the energy becomes infinite when the volume locally vanishes; finally, (2.3) and (2.4) are growth assumptions on the energy. WeScuola Normale Superiore - Pisa September 1988 A Variational Definition of the Strain Energy

Acerbi, Emilio

182

DATA NORMALIZATION FOR FOUNDATION SHM OF AN OFFSHORE WIND TURBINE : A REAL-LIFE CASE STUDY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DATA NORMALIZATION FOR FOUNDATION SHM OF AN OFFSHORE WIND TURBINE : A REAL-LIFE CASE STUDY Wout the first results in the development of a SHM approach for the foun- dations of an offshore wind turbine the performance of the presented approach. KEYWORDS : Foundation Monitoring, Offshore Wind Turbine, Operational

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

183

Clinical pharmacokinetics and safety of zonisamide in apparently normal dogs following single and multiple dosing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in clinical pathology tests, all were within normal limits at study end except for T4. In conclusion, ZNS dosed at 10 mg/kg twice daily for dogs would maintain therapeutic levels (10 to 70?g/ml) recommended in human epileptic patients. Therapeutic monitoring...

Perkins, Jeremy Dane

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

184

Perturbative description of the fermionic projector: Normalization, causality, and Furry's theorem  

SciTech Connect

The causal perturbation expansion of the fermionic projector is performed with a contour integral method. Different normalization conditions are analyzed. It is shown that the corresponding light-cone expansions are causal in the sense that they only involve bounded line integrals. For the resulting loop diagrams we prove a generalized Furry theorem.

Finster, Felix, E-mail: finster@ur.de [Fakultt fr Mathematik, Universitt Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)] [Fakultt fr Mathematik, Universitt Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Tolksdorf, Jrgen, E-mail: Juergen.Tolksdorf@mis.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Leipzig (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Leipzig (Germany)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

Unraveling the microenvironmental influences on the normal mammary gland and induction and progression of breast cancer  

SciTech Connect

The normal mammary gland and invasive breast cancer are both complex 'organs' composed of multiple cell types as well as extracellular matrix (ECM) in three-dimensional (3D) space. Conventionally, both normal and malignant breast cells are studied in vitro as two-dimensional (2D) monolayers of epithelial cells, which results in the loss of structure and tissue function. Many laboratories are now investigating regulation of signaling function in normal mammary gland using 3D cultures. However, it is important also to assay malignant breast cells ex vivo in a physiologically relevant environment to more closely mimic tumor architecture, signal transduction regulation and tumor behavior in vivo. Here we present the potential of these 3D models for drug testing, target validation and guidance of patient selection for clinical trials. We argue also that in order to get full insight into the biology of the normal and malignant breast, and to create in vivo-like models for therapeutic approaches in humans, we need to continue to create more complex heterotypic models to approach the full context the cells encounter in the human body.

Weigelt, Britta; Bissell, Mina J.

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

186

Resonant normal-incidence separate-absorption-charge-multiplication Ge/Si avalanche  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-speed InP /InGaAsP /InGaAs avalanche photodiodes grown by chemical beam epitaxy," IEEE J. Quantum ElectronResonant normal-incidence separate-absorption- charge-multiplication Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes the impedance of separate-absorption-charge- multiplication Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes (APD) is characterized

Bowers, John

187

Research Report Ganglion cell densities in normal and dark-reared turtle retinas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Report Ganglion cell densities in normal and dark-reared turtle retinas Eun-Jin Lee, David 2005 Abstract In dark-reared, neonatal turtle retinas, ganglion cell receptive fields and dendritic on densities and soma sizes of turtle retinal ganglion cells. For this purpose, we marked these cells using

Grzywacz, Norberto

188

ON A CONDENSED FORM FOR NORMAL MATRICES UNDER FINITE SEQUENCES OF UNITARY SIMILARITIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON A CONDENSED FORM FOR NORMAL MATRICES UNDER FINITE SEQUENCES OF UNITARY SIMILARITIES L. Elsner have found a condensed form to which any unitary matrix can be reduced, again by a finite sequence of House­ holder transformations. This condensed form can be considered as a pentadiagonal or block

Bielefeld, University of

189

Transfer RNA Methylases of Normal Cells, Virus-transformed Cells, and Tumors Derived from Transformed Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was grown in NRK cells. The stock used has a titer of 5 X IO4 focus-forming units/ml (21). Tumor and Normal...methylases in tumor cells are in keeping with a concept of a derepression...findings are analogous and in keeping with their suggestion that...

Seitoku Fujioka; Robert C. Ting; and Robert C. Gallo

1971-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Nonequilibrium Phenomena in Electron Tunneling in Normal Metal-Insulator-Metal Junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structure in the conductance of normal metal-insulator-metal junctions at very low bias is explained through a nonequilibrium treatment of the tunneling process. In particular, the related peak in the derivative d?(V)dV is quantitatively accounted for by the blocking of otherwise available electron tunneling states due to the finite electron relaxation rates in the metal electrodes.

P. N. Trofimenkoff; H. J. Kreuzer; W. J. Wattamaniuk; J. G. Adler

1972-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

191

10.1098/rspa.2001.0916 A normal form for nonlinear resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The structural instability of embedded eigen- values is typically one sided in such problems, i.e. the way. The normal form shows that the embedded soliton is semi-stable, i.e. it survives under perturbations of one solitons; nonlinear resonance; second-harmonic-generating wave system; radiation-driven semi

Yang, Jianke

192

Prostate-Specific Natural Health Products (Dietary Supplements) Radiosensitize Normal Prostate Cells  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Prostate-specific health products (dietary supplements) are taken by cancer patients to alleviate the symptoms linked with poor prostate health. However, the effect of these agents on evidence-based radiotherapy practice is poorly understood. The present study aimed to determine whether dietary supplements radiosensitized normal prostate or prostate cancer cell lines. Methods and Materials: Three well-known prostate-specific dietary supplements were purchased from commercial sources available to patients (Trinovin, Provelex, and Prostate Rx). The cells used in the study included normal prostate lines (RWPE-1 and PWR-1E), prostate tumor lines (PC3, DU145, and LNCaP), and a normal nonprostate line (HaCaT). Supplement toxicity was assessed using cell proliferation assays [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide] and cellular radiosensitivity using conventional clonogenic assays (0.5-4Gy). Cell cycle kinetics were assessed using the bromodeoxyuridine/propidium iodide pulse-labeling technique, apoptosis by scoring caspase-3 activation, and DNA repair by assessing gammaH2AX. Results: The cell growth and radiosensitivity of the malignant PC3, DU145, and LNcaP cells were not affected by any of the dietary prostate supplements (Provelex [2mug/mL], Trinovin [10mug/mL], and Prostate Rx [50 mug/mL]). However, both Trinovin (10mug/mL) and Prostate Rx (6mug/mL) inhibited the growth rate of the normal prostate cell lines. Prostate Rx increased cellular radiosensitivity of RWPE-1 cells through the inhibition of DNA repair. Conclusion: The use of prostate-specific dietary supplements should be discouraged during radiotherapy owing to the preferential radiosensitization of normal prostate cells.

Hasan, Yasmin; Schoenherr, Diane; Martinez, Alvaro A.; Wilson, George D. [William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States); Marples, Brian, E-mail: brian.marples@beaumont.ed [William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Memantine treatment for neuropsychiatric symptoms in a patient with probable idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a case report  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus often show neuropsychiatric symptoms besides the triad of classic symptoms. Memantine has been reported to have positive effects ... with dementia with Lew...

Masahiko Takaya

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

601 601 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142256601 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country.

195

Gamma Ray Bursts, The Principle of Relative Locality and Connection Normal Coordinates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The launch of the Fermi telescope in 2008 opened up the possibility of measuring the energy dependence of the speed of light by considering the time delay in the arrival of gamma ray bursts emitted simultaneously from very distant sources.The expected time delay between the arrival of gamma rays of significantly different energies as predicted by the framework of relative locality has already been calculated in Riemann normal coordinates. In the following, we calculate the time delay in more generality and then specialize to the connection normal coordinate system as a check that the results are coordinate independent. We also show that this result does not depend on the presence of torsion.

A. E. McCoy

2012-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

196

Cross similarity measurement for speaker adaptive test normalization in text-independent speaker verification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Speaker adaptive test normalization (ATnorm) is the most effective approach of the widely used score normalization in text-independent speaker verification, which selects speaker adaptive impostor cohorts with an extra development corpus in order to enhance the recognition performance. In this paper, an improved implementation of \\{ATnorm\\} that can offer overall significant advantages over the original \\{ATnorm\\} is presented. This method adopts a novel cross similarity measurement in speaker adaptive cohort model selection without an extra development corpus. It can achieve a comparable performance with the original \\{ATnorm\\} and reduce the computation complexity moderately. With the full use of the saved extra development corpus, the overall system performance can be improved significantly. The results are presented on NIST 2006 Speaker Recognition Evaluation data corpora where it is shown that this method provides significant improvements in system performance, with relatively 14.4% gain on equal error rate (EER) and 14.6% gain on decision cost function (DCF) obtained as a whole.

Jian ZHAO; Yuan DONG; Xian-yu ZHAO; Hao YANG; Hai-la WANG

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

A revisit to evaluating accuracy of community detection using the normalized mutual information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Normalized Mutual Information (NMI) has been widely used to evaluate accuracy of community detection algorithms. In this notes we show that NMI is seriously affected by systematic error due to finite size of networks, and may give wrong estimate of performance of algorithms in some cases. A simple expression for the estimate of this error is derived and tested numerically. We suggest to use a new measure to accuracy of community detection, namely relative Normalized Mutual Information (rNMI), which is NMI minus the expected NMI of random partitions. This measure is very close to zero for two random partitions even with a short length, so it can overcome the problem of NMI.

Zhang, Pan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Improvement of epidemiological data analysis by unbiased estimates of log-normal dose distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of radiation on population and risk assessment are studied through epidemiological studies that are heavily dependent on dose distribution. Radiation doses to individual workers follow a log-normal distribution. Computation of the collective dose with the minimum detectable values (Detection Limit or DL) as zero is biased. Hence the expectation value of the 'missed' doses is computed as the ratio of the collective dose of all dosimeters with DL to the product of the total number of dosimeters. So far, in all epidemiological studies, doses below DL are set equal to the DL itself and yield a positive bias in the dose-response relation. This paper presents an enhanced method by removing the bias with the help of the Expectation Maximisation (EM) algorithm. This algorithm, along with unbiased characteristic estimates of log-normal distribution, significantly improves the estimation of confounders by 95%, and improves the dose-response relationship.

Joyeeta Mukhopadhyaya; D. Datta; H.S. Kushwaha

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Quench pressure, thermal expulsion, and normal zone propagation in internally cooled superconductors  

SciTech Connect

When a nonrecovering normal zone appears in an internally cooled superconductor, the pressure in the conductor rises, helium is expelled from its ends, and the normal zone grows in size. This paper presents a model of these processes that allows calculation of the pressure, the expulsion velocity, and the propagation velocity with simple formulas. The model is intended to apply to conductors such as the cable-in-conduit conductor of the Westinghouse LCT (WH-LCT) coil, the helium volumes of which have very large length-to-diameter ratios (3 /times/ 10/sup 5/). The predictions of the model agree with the rather limited data available from propagation experiments carried out on the WH-LCT coil. 3 refs., 1 fig.

Dresner, L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Log-normal distribution based EMOS models for probabilistic wind speed forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ensembles of forecasts are obtained from multiple runs of numerical weather forecasting models with different initial conditions and typically employed to account for forecast uncertainties. However, biases and dispersion errors often occur in forecast ensembles, they are usually under-dispersive and uncalibrated and require statistical post-processing. We present an Ensemble Model Output Statistics (EMOS) method for calibration of wind speed forecasts based on the log-normal (LN) distribution, and we also show a regime-switching extension of the model which combines the previously studied truncated normal (TN) distribution with the LN. Both presented models are applied to wind speed forecasts of the eight-member University of Washington mesoscale ensemble, of the fifty-member ECMWF ensemble and of the eleven-member ALADIN-HUNEPS ensemble of the Hungarian Meteorological Service, and their predictive performances are compared to those of the TN and general extreme value (GEV) distribution based EMOS methods an...

Baran, Sndor

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Isotope effect in normal-to-local transition of acetylene bending modes  

The normal-to-local transition for the bending modes of acetylene is considered a prelude to its isomerization to vinylidene. Here, such a transition in fully deuterated acetylene is investigated using a full-dimensional quantum model. It is found that the local benders emerge at much lower energies and bending quantum numbers than in the hydrogen isotopomer HCCH. This is accompanied by a transition to a second kind of bending mode called counter-rotator, again at lower energies and quantum numbers than in HCCH. These transitions are also investigated using bifurcation analysis of two empirical spectroscopic fitting Hamiltonians for pure bending modes, which helps to understand the origin of the transitions semiclassically as branchings or bifurcations out of the trans and normal bend modes when the latter become dynamically unstable. The results of the quantum model and the empirical bifurcation analysis are in very good agreement.

Ma, Jianyi [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, (United States); Xu, Dingguo [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, (United States) and Sichuan Univ. (China); Guo, Hua [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, (United States); Tyng, Vivian [Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States); Kellman, Michael E. [Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States)

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

202

Normal Conducting CW RF Gun Design for High Performance Electron Beams  

SciTech Connect

High repetition rate (>1 MHz), high charge (1 nC), low emittance (1 micron) electron beams are an important enabling technology for next generation light sources. Advanced Energy Systems has begun the development of an advanced, continuous-wave, normal-conducting radio frequency electron gun. This gun is designed to minimize thermal stress, allowing fabrication in copper, while providing low emittance electron beams. Beam dynamics performance will be presented along with thermal and stress analysis of the gun cavity design.

Bluem, Hans; Schultheiss, Tom; Young, L.M.; Rimmer, Robert

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Bogoliubov Shadow Bands in the Normal State of Superconducting Systems with Strong Pair Fluctuations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the basis of a scenario where electron pairing is induced by resonant two-particle scattering (the boson-fermion model), we show how precursors of the superconducting statein the form of overdamped Bogoliubov modesemerge in the normal state upon approaching the transition temperature from above. This result is obtained by a renormalization technique based on continuous unitary transformations (the flow equations), projecting out the coherent contributions in the electron spectral function from an incoherent background.

T. Domanski and J. Ranninger

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

204

Response of an unbalanced rotating machine to a stationary normal random excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Process, x(t) The Mean Square Response for a Stationary Normal Random process, x(t) 17 18 The Root Mean Square Foundation Force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Derivation of the Critical Variance of Eccentricity. . 20 TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued... probability density function autocorrelation of a stationary random process estimator of correlation a constant spectral density spectral density estimator of variance NDNENCLATURE (continued) Symbol Description time Wp x(t) xp (t) Y (w) y (t...

Boyce, Lola

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

IMPLICATIONS OF THE INTERFACE EFFECTS IN THE NORMALLY-OFF TYPE GaAs MESFETs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

771 IMPLICATIONS OF THE INTERFACE EFFECTS IN THE NORMALLY-OFF TYPE GaAs MESFETs G. BERT and G déserte à l'interface canal-substrat ainsi qu'à la surface de l'espace source-grille. Cette dernière, qui to the Schottky gate space-charge region both a depleted layer at the channel-substrate interface and a depleted

Boyer, Edmond

206

Stability of the normal vacuum in multi-Higgs-doublet models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the vacuum structure of a generic multi-Higgs-doublet model shares several important features with the vacuum structure of the two and three Higgs-doublet model. In particular, one can still define the usual charge breaking, spontaneous CP breaking and normal (charge and CP preserving) stationary points. We analyse the possibility of charge or spontaneous CP breaking, by studying the relative depth of the potential in each of the possible stationary points.

A. Barroso; P. M. Ferreira; R. Santos; Joao P. Silva

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

207

Ab-initio molecular geometry and normal coordinate analysis of tetrahydrothiophene molecule  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The molecular geometry of tetrahydrothiophene (THT) was quantum mechanically calculated using the split valence 631G** basis set. Electron correlation energy has been computed employing MP2 method. The molecule showed a twist form puckered structure with a twist torsion angle of 13 and has a total energy of ?347?877.514 kcal/mol of which a 436.715 kcal/mol electron correlation energy. The envelope form of the molecule showed an inter-plane angle of 22 and has a total energy of ?347?974.430 kcal/mol involving ?436.558 kcal/mol electron correlation energy. The normal coordinates of the molecule were theoretically analyzed and the fundamental vibrational frequencies were calculated. The IR and laser Raman spectra of THT molecule was measured. All the observed vibrational bands including combination bands and overtones were assigned to normal modes with the aid of the potential energy distribution values obtained from normal coordinate calculations. The molecular force field was determined by refining the initial set of force constants using the least square fit method instead of using the less accurate scaling factor methods. The determined molecular force field has produced simulated frequencies which best match the observed values. The lowest-energy modes of vibration were two molecular out-of-plane deformations, observed at 114 and 166 cm?1. The barrier of ring twisting estimated from the observed ring out-of-plane vibrational mode at 114 cm?1 was estimated.

Tarek M El-Gogary

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Soft x ray/extreme ultraviolet images of the solar atmosphere with normal incidence multilayer optics  

SciTech Connect

The first high resolution Soft X-Ray/Extreme Ultraviolet (XUV) images of the Sun with normal incidence multilayer optics were obtained by the Standford/MSFC Rocket X-Ray Spectroheliograph on 23 Oct. 1987. Numerous images at selected wavelengths from 8 to 256 A were obtained simultaneously by the diverse array of telescopes flown on-board the experiment. These telescopes included single reflection normal incidence multilayer systems (Herschelian), double reflection multilayer systems (Cassegrain), a grazing incidence mirror system (Wolter-Schwarzschild), and hybrid systems using normal incidence multilayer optics in conjunction with the grazing incidence primary (Wolter-Cassegrain). Filters comprised of approximately 1700{Angstrom} thick aluminum supported on a nickel mesh were used to transmit the soft x ray/EUV radiation while preventing the intense visible light emission of the Sun from fogging the sensitive experimental T-grain photographic emulsions. These systems yielded high resolution soft x ray/EUV images of the solar corona and transition region, which reveal magnetically confined loops of hot solar plasma, coronal plumes, polar coronal holes, supergranulation, and features associated with overlying cool prominences. The development, testing, and operation of the experiments, and the results from the flight are described. The development of a second generation experiment, the Multi-Spectral Solar Telescope Array, which is scheduled to fly in the summer of 1990, and a recently approved Space Station experiment, the Ultra-High Resolution XUV Spectroheliograph, which is scheduled to fly in 1996 are also described.

Lindblom, J.F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Western blot analysis of !-glutamyl cycle enzymes and anti-tubulin in each cell line after protein normalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Western blot analysis of !-glutamyl cycle enzymes and anti-tubulin in each cell line after protein normalization Characterization of Glutathione Metabolizing Enzymes in Prostate Cancer Brooke Micek, Dr. Melanie cycle enzymes and anti-tubulin in each cell line after protein normalization Characterization

Farritor, Shane

210

Math. H110 Jordan's Normal Form December 7, 2000 10:38 am Prof. W. Kahan Page 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Math. H110 Jordan's Normal Form December 7, 2000 10:38 am Prof. W. Kahan Page 1 Jordan's Normal one invertible matrix C that transforms B by Similarity into a diagonal sum C­1 BC = of Jordan Blocks column and prepending a first column of zeros. For example, here is a 4-by-4 Jordan Block: ?I + J

California at Berkeley, University of

211

OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF NORMAL AND GREEN OYSTERS 1 PAUL S. GALTSOFF, Ph. D., In Charge, Oyster Fishery Investigations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF NORMAL AND GREEN OYSTERS 1 $ By PAUL S. GALTSOFF, Ph. D., In Charge, Oyster _ ~ethod _ Oxygen consumption of normal oyster _ Effect of oxygen tension on oxygen con- sumption _ Page 489 Increased rate of metabolism _ 490 Experiments with green oysters _ 493 Oxygen consumption

212

Power spectrum normalization from the local abundance of rich clusters of galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The number density of rich galaxy clusters still provides the most robust way of normalizing the power spectrum of dark matter perturbations on scales relevant to large-scale structure. We revisit this constraint in light of several recent developments: (1) the availability of well-defined samples of local clusters with relatively accurate X-ray temperatures; (2) new theoretical mass functions for dark matter haloes which provide a good fit to large numerical simulations; (3) more accurate mass-temperature relations from larger catalogs of hydrodynamical simulations; (4) the requirement to consider closed as well as open and flat cosmologies to obtain full multi-parameter likelihood constraints for CMB and SNe studies. We present a new sample of clusters drawn from the literature and use this sample to obtain improved results on sigma_8, the normalization of the matter power spectrum on scales of 8 h^{-1} Mpc, as a function of the matter density and cosmological constant in a Universe with general curvature. We discuss our differences with previous work, and the remaining major sources of uncertainty. Final results on the 68 per cent confidence region, approximately independent of power spectrum shape, can be expressed as constraints on sigma at an appropriate cluster normalization scale R_Cl. We provide fitting formulas for R_Cl and sigma(R_Cl) for general cosmologies, as well as for sigma_8 as a function of cosmology and shape parameter Gamma. For flat models we find approximately sigma_8 \\simeq 0.495^{+0.034}_{-0.037}) Omega_M^{-0.60} for Gamma=0.23, where the error bar is dominated by uncertainty in the mass-temperature relation.

E. Pierpaoli; D. Scott; M. White

2001-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

213

Imaging and Characterizing the Waste Materials Inside an Underground Storage Tank Using Seismic Normal Modes  

SciTech Connect

It is necessary to know something about the nature of the wastes in a Hanford underground storage tank (UST) so that the correct hardware can be inserted into a tank for sampling, sluicing, or pumping operations. It is also important to know if a layer of gas exists beneath solid and liquid layers of waste. Given that the tank will have only one liquid observation well (LOW), the authors examined the information that could be obtained from the natural seismic vibrations of a tank as a whole; that is, the normal modes of that tank. As in the case of a bell, the natural vibration, or normal modes, of a tank depend on many things, including the construction of the tank, the kinds of waste materials in the tank, the amount of each material in the tank, and where the energy is placed that excites the vibrations (i.e., where you will ''hit'' the tank). The nature of a normal mode of vibration can be given by its frequency and amplitude. For any given frequency, the amplitude of vibration can be given as a function of position in and around the tank. Since they assumed that one would be ''listening'' to a tank from locations along a LOW, they show their computed amplitudes as a function of position inside and around the tank, and in the case of the physical models they display the observations along various lines inside the tank model. This allowed us to see the complex geometry of each mode of oscillation as a function of increasing frequency.

M. N. Toksoz; R. M. Turpening

1999-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

214

Order relations and prior distributions in the estimation of multivariate normal parameters with partial data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORDER RELATIONS AND PRIOR DISTRIBU 'IONS IN 1:-IE ESTXYJiTION OF MULTIVARIATE NOPSLAL PARAI'E&iTiS NI~N PARTIAL DATA A Thesis by ABDUL MAJID HA?ZA AL-NASZR Submitt d o the Grad. nate College oi' Texas UM Univ rsity in partial fu' fillment . f... as to style and content by: Chairman oi Committee Head oF Department ?'? Aug st 1968 ABS ~~CT Order Relations and Prior Distributions in the Bstimation of Multivariate Normal Parameters with Part'al Data. (August 1)68) Abdul Madrid Hamza Al-N!asir B...

Al-Nasir, Abdul Majid Hamza

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

215

Asymptotic Integral Kernel for Ensembles of Random Normal Matrix with Radial Potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the steepest descents method to study the integral kernel of a family of normal random matrix ensembles with eigenvalue distribution P_{N}(z_{1},...,z_{N}) = Z_{N}^{-1} e^{-N\\Sigma_{i=1}^{N}V_{\\alpha}(z_{i})} \\Pi_{1\\leqi

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

216

Normal-form approach to spatiotemporal pattern formation in globally coupled electrochemical systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that the experimental global coupling (GC) of spatially extended electrochemical oscillators is weak close to a supercritical Hopf bifurcation. A center manifold reduction allows then the normal form which comprises the GC and the naturally existing nonlocal (migration) coupling (NLC) to be derived. We show that the interaction between NLC and GC widens the spectrum of coherent structures found in globally coupled oscillatory media and allows for wavelength selection of standing waves, stabilization of phase clusters without breaking phase invariance, and creation of heteroclinic networks connecting families of oscillatory states characterized by different spatial symmetries.

Vladimir Garca-Morales and Katharina Krischer

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

217

Electrophoretic and physical properties of N-acetyl--D hexosaminidase in normal swine tissues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELECTROPHORETIC AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF N-ACETYL-B-D HEXOSAMINIDASE IN NORMAL SWINE TISSUES A Thesis by JOAN ELIZABETH BARTON Subm1tted to the Graduate College of Texas A 5 M University 1n Partial fulfillment of the requirement.... The third band (aa)2 m1grated rapidly toward the anode, and was a very lab1le isozyme. The pH optimum was found with1n a pH range of 5. 0 to 5. 5 in fresh tissues and PH 4. 5 to 5. 0 in frozen t1ssues. The PH oPtimum in fibro blasts was 1n a range of p...

Barton, Joan Elizabeth

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Vibrational excitation induced by electron beam and cosmic rays in normal and superconductive aluminum bars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report new measurements of the acoustic excitation of an Al5056 superconductive bar when hit by an electron beam, in a previously unexplored temperature range, down to 0.35 K. These data, analyzed together with previous results of the RAP experiment obtained for T > 0.54 K, show a vibrational response enhanced by a factor 4.9 with respect to that measured in the normal state. This enhancement explains the anomalous large signals due to cosmic rays previously detected in the NAUTILUS gravitational wave detector.

M. Bassan; B. Buonomo; G. Cavallari; E. Coccia; S. D'Antonio; V. Fafone; L. G. Foggetta; C. Ligi; A. Marini; G. Mazzitelli; G. Modestino; G. Pizzella; L. Quintieri; F. Ronga; P. Valente; S. M. Vinko

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

219

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal irradiance GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

irradiance GIS data at irradiance GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Direct Normal Irradiance (kWh/m^2/day)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005) Parameter: Direct Normal Radiation (kWh/m^2/day) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Note 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of the region is +0.5 added to the the Lat/Lon value. These data are

220

A dynamic viscoelastic contact problem with normal compliance, finite penetration and nonmonotone slip rate dependent friction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We consider a mathematical model which describes the dynamic evolution of a viscoelastic body in frictional contact with an obstacle. The contact is modelled with normal compliance and unilateral constraint, associated to a rate slip-dependent version of Coulombs law of dry friction. In order to approximate the contact conditions, we consider a regularized problem wherein the contact is modelled by a standard normal compliance condition without finite penetrations. For each problem, we derive a variational formulation and an existence result of the weak solution of the regularized problem is obtained. Next, we prove the convergence of the weak solution of the regularized problem to the weak solution of the initial nonregularized problem. Then, we introduce a fully discrete approximation of the variational problem based on a finite element method and on a second order time integration scheme. The solution of the resulting nonsmooth and nonconvex frictional contact problems is presented, based on approximation by a sequence of nonsmooth convex programming problems. Finally, some numerical simulations are provided in order to illustrate both the behaviour of the solution related to the frictional contact conditions and the convergence result.

Mikel Barboteu; Krzysztof Bartosz; Piotr Kalita

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

ENHANCING CORONAL STRUCTURES WITH THE FOURIER NORMALIZING-RADIAL-GRADED FILTER  

SciTech Connect

Images of the corona have a high dynamic range which is excellent for quantitative photometric analysis. To understand the processes governing the solar corona, it is essential to have information about the absolute brightness as well as the underlying structure. However, due to the steep radial gradient of brightness in the images, and to the fact that structures closer to the solar disk have higher contrast than structures further from the disk, human vision cannot view the intricate structure of the corona in such images. The recently developed normalizing-radial-graded filter (NRGF) is an effective way for revealing the coronal structure. In this work, we present a more adaptive filter inspired by the NRGF, which we call the Fourier normalizing-radial-graded filter (FNRGF). It approximates the local average and the local standard deviation by a finite Fourier series. This method enables the enhancement of finer details, especially in regions of lower contrast. We also show how the influence of additive noise is reduced by a modification to the FNRGF. To illustrate the power of the method, the FNRGF is applied to images of emission from coronal forbidden lines observed during the 2010 July 11 total solar eclipse. It is also successfully applied to space-based observations of the low corona in the extreme ultraviolet and to white light coronagraph observations, thus demonstrating the validity of the FNRGF as a new tool that will help the interpretation of the information embedded in most types of coronal images.

Druckmuellerova, Hana [Institute of Mathematics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Technicka 2, 616 69 Brno (Czech Republic); Morgan, Huw; Habbal, Shadia R., E-mail: ydruck00@stud.fme.vutbr.cz, E-mail: hmorgan@ifa.hawaii.edu, E-mail: shadia@ifa.hawaii.edu [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96 822 (United States)

2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

222

Tumor blood vessel "normalization" improves the therapeutic efficacy of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in experimental oral cancer  

SciTech Connect

We previously demonstrated the efficacy of BNCT mediated by boronophenylalanine (BPA) to treat tumors in a hamster cheek pouch model of oral cancer with no normal tissue radiotoxicity and moderate, albeit reversible, mucositis in precancerous tissue around treated tumors. It is known that boron targeting of the largest possible proportion of tumor cells contributes to the success of BNCT and that tumor blood vessel normalization improves drug delivery to the tumor. Within this context, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of blood vessel normalization on the therapeutic efficacy and potential radiotoxicity of BNCT in the hamster cheek pouch model of oral cancer.

D. W. Nigg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Optimization of accelerator parameters using normal form methods on high-order transfer maps  

SciTech Connect

Methods of analysis of the dynamics of ensembles of charged particles in collider rings are developed. The following problems are posed and solved using normal form transformations and other methods of perturbative nonlinear dynamics: (1) Optimization of the Tevatron dynamics: (a) Skew quadrupole correction of the dynamics of particles in the Tevatron in the presence of the systematic skew quadrupole errors in dipoles; (b) Calculation of the nonlinear tune shift with amplitude based on the results of measurements and the linear lattice information; (2) Optimization of the Muon Collider storage ring: (a) Computation and optimization of the dynamic aperture of the Muon Collider 50 x 50 GeV storage ring using higher order correctors; (b) 750 x 750 GeV Muon Collider storage ring lattice design matching the Tevatron footprint. The normal form coordinates have a very important advantage over the particle optical coordinates: if the transformation can be carried out successfully (general restrictions for that are not much stronger than the typical restrictions imposed on the behavior of the particles in the accelerator) then the motion in the new coordinates has a very clean representation allowing to extract more information about the dynamics of particles, and they are very convenient for the purposes of visualization. All the problem formulations include the derivation of the objective functions, which are later used in the optimization process using various optimization algorithms. Algorithms used to solve the problems are specific to collider rings, and applicable to similar problems arising on other machines of the same type. The details of the long-term behavior of the systems are studied to ensure the their stability for the desired number of turns. The algorithm of the normal form transformation is of great value for such problems as it gives much extra information about the disturbing factors. In addition to the fact that the dynamics of particles is represented in a way that is easy to understand, such important characteristics as the strengths of the resonances and the tune shifts with amplitude and various parameters of the system are calculated. Each major section is supplied with the results of applying various numerical optimization methods to the problems stated. The emphasis is made on the efficiency comparison of various approaches and methods. The main simulation tool is the arbitrary order code COSY INFINITY written by M. Berz, K. Makino, et al. at Michigan State University. Also, the code MAD is utilized to design the 750 x 750 GeV Muon Collider storage ring baseline lattice.

Snopok, Pavel; /Michigan State U.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Using LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index to remotely determine LAI and percent canopy cover at varying scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: (1) Develop scanning LiDAR and multispectral imagery methods to estimate PCC and LAI over both hardwood and coniferous forests; (2) investigate whether a LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data fusion through linear regression...

Griffin, Alicia Marie Rutledge

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Does Low Penetration of Human Skin by the Normal Mode Ruby Laser Account for Poor Permanent Depilatory Success Rates?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Studies reported to date have shown a good depilatory response from patients treated with the normal mode ruby laser (NMRL) over 12 weeks, but a low response over a time period greater than this. Previous publ...

A. Topping; D. Gault; A. Grobbelaar; R. Sanders; C. Green

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

EA-1123: Transfer of Normal and Low-Enriched Uranium Billets to the United Kingdom, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to transfer approximately 710,000 kilograms (1,562,000 pounds) of unneeded normal and low-enriched uranium to the United Kingdom; thus,...

227

Stamina pistilloida, the Pea Ortholog of Fim and UFO, Is Required for Normal Development of Flowers, Inflorescences, and Leaves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Stamina pistilloida, the Pea Ortholog of Fim and UFO, Is Required for Normal Development of Flowers...Fimbriata (Fim) and of UNUSUAL FLORAL ORGANS (UFO) from Arabidopsis. Differences between Fim/UFO and Stp mutant phenotypes and expression patterns...

Scott Taylor; Julie Hofer; Ian Murfet

228

A Polarized Neutron Scattering Study of the Normal Phase in YBa2Cu3O6.95  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron scattering with polarization analysis has revealed negligible magnetic scattering up to 30 meV in the normal...2Cu3O6.95 indicating the absence of local moments.

T. J. Smith; K. H. Andersen; U. Beck; H. Capellmann

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Management and exploitation of direct normal irradiance resources for concentrating solar collectors: Algeria as a case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of concentrating solar collectors which are used in solar thermal power plant and concentrated photovoltaic systems implies that these systems only work with the direct normal irradiance (DNI). Unfortu...

Mohamed Salah Mecibah; Taqiy Eddine Boukelia

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Compact scanning soft-x-ray microscope using a laser-produced plasma source and normal-incidence multilayer mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have constructed a scanning soft-x-ray microscope that uses a laser-produced plasma as the soft-x-ray source and normal-incidence multilayer-coated mirrors in a Schwarzschild...

Trail, J A; Byer, R L

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Exotic normal and superconducting properties of high T/sub c/ oxides and small E/sub f/  

SciTech Connect

A key feature of the high T/sub c/ oxides is a very small value of the Fermi energy. This feature leads to peculiar thermodynamic and transport properties in the normal and superconductive state. 24 refs., 1 fig.

Kresin, V.Z.; Deutscher, G.; Wolf, S.A.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for for Bangladesh from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Bangladesh for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh DLR DNI GEF solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 915.2 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 488 KiB)

233

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

map at 40km resolution for map at 40km resolution for Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency

234

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS Kenya solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB)

235

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI Ghana solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 519.6 KiB)

236

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 600.4 KiB)

237

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from DLR China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR DNI GEF GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.8 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB)

238

OY Car During Normal Outburst: Balmer Emission From The Red Star And The Gas Stream  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian Telescope, during a normal outburst in August 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the H$\\beta$ trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R$_{L_{1}}$ from the white dwarf. This emission penetrates the accretion disc (from 0.5--0.1 R$_{L_{1}}$), with a velocity now closer (but lower) to the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally discuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

1995-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

A 201-MHz Normal Conducting RF Cavity for the International MICE Experiment  

SciTech Connect

MICE is a demonstration experiment for the ionization cooling of muon beams. Eight RF cavities are proposed to be used in the MICE cooling channel. These cavities will be operated in a strong magnetic field; therefore, they must be normal conducting. The cavity design and construction are based on the successful experience and techniques developed for a 201-MHz prototype cavity for the US MUCOOL program. Taking advantage of a muon beam s penetration property, the cavity employs a pair of curved thin beryllium windows to terminate conventional beam irises and achieve higher cavity shunt impedance. The cavity resembles a round, closed pillbox cavity. Two half-shells spun from copper sheets are joined by e-beam welding to form the cavity body. There are four ports on the cavity equator for RF couplers, vacuum pumping and field probes. The ports are formed by means of an extruding technique.

Li, D.; DeMello, A.J.; Virostek, Steve; S. Zisman, Michael; Rimmer, Robert

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Fokker-Planck Dynamics and Entropies for the Normalized Ricci Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider some elementary aspects of the geometry of the space of probability measures endowed with Wasserstein distance. In such a setting, we discuss the various terms entering Perelman's shrinker entropy, and characterize two new monotonic functionals for the volume-normalized Ricci flow. One is obtained by a rescaling of the curvature term in the shrinker entropy. The second is associated with a gradient flow obtained by adding a curvature-drift to Perelman's backward heat equation. We show that the resulting Fokker-Planck PDE is the natural diffusion flow for probability measures absolutely continuous with respect to the Ricci-evolved Riemannian measure, we discuss its exponential trend to equilibrium, and its relation with the viscous Hamilton-Jacobi equation.

Mauro Carfora

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Autonomous monitoring of control hardware to predict off-normal conditions using NIF automatic Alignment Systems  

SciTech Connect

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a high power laser system capable of supporting high-energy-density experimentation as a user facility for the next 30 years. In order to maximize the facility availability, preventive maintenance enhancements are being introduced into the system. An example of such an enhancement is a camera-based health monitoring system, integrated into the automated alignment system, which provides an opportunity to monitor trends in measurements such as average beam intensity, size of the beam, and pixel saturation. The monitoring system will generate alerts based on observed trends in measurements to allow scheduled pro-active maintenance before routine off-normal detection stops system operations requiring unscheduled intervention.

Awwal, A; Wilhelmsen, K; Leach, R; Kamm, V M; Burkhart, S; Lowe-Webb, R; Cohen, S

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

242

Direct measurement of onset and offset phonation threshold pressure in normal subjects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phonation threshold pressures were directly measured in five normal subjects in a variety of voicing conditions. The effects of fundamental frequency intensity closure speed of the vocal folds and laryngeal airway resistance on phonation threshold pressures were determined. Subglottic air pressures were measured using percutaneous puncture of the cricothyroid membrane. Both onset and offset of phonation were studied to see if a hysteresis effect produced lower offset pressures than onset pressures. Univariate analysis showed that phonation threshold pressure was influenced most strongly by fundamental frequency and intensity. Multiple linear regression showed that these two variables as well as laryngeal airway resistance most strongly predicted phonation threshold pressure. Two of the five subjects demonstrated a significant hysteresis effect but one subject actually had higher offset pressures than onset pressures.

Randall L. Plant; Gary L. Freed; Richard E. Plant

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Thermal rectification of electrons in hybrid normal metal-superconductor nanojunctions  

SciTech Connect

We theoretically investigate heat transport in hybrid normal metal-superconductor (NS) nanojunctions focusing on the effect of thermal rectification. We show that the heat diode effect in the junction strongly depends on the transmissivity and the nature of the NS contact. Thermal rectification efficiency can reach up to ?123% for a fully transmissive ballistic junction and up to 84% in diffusive NS contacts. Both values exceed the rectification efficiency of a NIS tunnel junction (I stands for an insulator) by a factor close to ?5 and ?3, respectively. Furthermore, we show that for NS point-contacts with low transmissivity, inversion of the heat diode effect can take place. Our results could prove useful for tailoring heat management at the nanoscale, and for mastering thermal flux propagation in low-temperature caloritronic nanocircuitry.

Giazotto, F., E-mail: giazotto@sns.it [NEST, Instituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Bergeret, F. S., E-mail: sebastian-bergeret@ehu.es [Centro de Fsica de Materiales (CFM-MPC), Centro Mixto CSIC-UPV/EHU, Manuel de Lardizabal 4, E-20018 San Sebastin (Spain); Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), Manuel de Lardizabal 5, E-20018 San Sebastin (Spain)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

244

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 155.1 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 295.7 KiB)

245

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

22 22 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is

246

Using pulsar timing arrays and the quantum normalization condition to constrain relic gravitational waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the non-standard model of relic gravitational waves (RGWs) generated in the early universe, the theoretical spectrum of is mainly described by an amplitude $r$ and a spectral index $\\beta$, the latter usually being determined by the slope of the inflation potential. Pulsar timing arrays (PTAs) data have imposed constraints on the amplitude of strain spectrum for a power-law form as a phenomenological model. Applying these constraints to a generic, theoretical spectrum with $r$ and $\\beta$ as independent parameters, we convert the PTAs constraint into an upper bound on the index $\\beta$, which turns out to be less stringent than those upper bounds from BBN, CMB, and LIGO/VIRGO, respectively. Moreover, it is found that PTAs constrain the non-standard RGWs more stringent than the standard RGWs. If the condition of the quantum normalization is imposed upon a theoretical spectrum of RGWs, $r$ and $\\beta$ become related. With this condition, a minimum requirement of the horizon size during inflation is greater than the Planck length results in an upper bound on $\\beta$, which is comparable in magnitude to that by PTAs. When both PTAs and the quantum normalization are applied to a theoretical spectrum of RGWs, constraints can be obtained for other cosmic processes of the early universe, such as the reheating, a process less understood observationally so far. The resulting constraint is consistent with the slow-roll, massive scalar inflation model. The future SKA will be able to constrain RGWs further and might even detect RGWs, rendering an important probe to the very early universe.

Ming-Lei Tong; Yang Zhang; Wen Zhao; Jin-Zhong Liu; Cheng-Shi Zhao; Ting-Gao Yang

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

247

NEAR-INFRARED POLARIMETRY OF A NORMAL SPIRAL GALAXY VIEWED THROUGH THE TAURUS MOLECULAR CLOUD COMPLEX  

SciTech Connect

Few normal galaxies have been probed using near-infrared polarimetry, even though it reveals magnetic fields in the cool interstellar medium better than either optical or radio polarimetry. Deep H-band (1.6 {mu}m) linear imaging polarimetry toward Taurus serendipitously included the galaxy 2MASX J04412715+2433110 with adequate sensitivity and resolution to map polarization across nearly its full extent. The observations revealed the galaxy to be a steeply inclined ({approx}75 Degree-Sign ) disk type with a diameter, encompassing 90% of the Petrosian flux, of 4.2 kpc at a distance of 53 Mpc. Because the sight line passes through the Taurus Molecular Cloud complex, the foreground polarization needed to be measured and removed. The foreground extinction A{sub V} of 2.00 {+-} 0.10 mag and reddening E(H - K) of 0.125 {+-} 0.009 mag were also assessed and removed, based on analysis of Two Micron All Sky Survey, UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey, Spitzer, and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer photometry using the Near-Infrared Color Excess, NICE-Revisited, and Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess methods. Corrected for the polarized foreground, the galaxy polarization values range from 0% to 3%. The polarizations are dominated by a disk-parallel magnetic field geometry, especially to the northeast, while either a vertical field or single scattering of bulge light produces disk-normal polarizations to the southwest. The multi-kiloparsec coherence of the magnetic field revealed by the infrared polarimetry is in close agreement with short-wavelength radio synchrotron observations of edge-on galaxies, indicating that both cool and warm interstellar media of disk galaxies may be threaded by common magnetic fields.

Clemens, Dan P.; Cashman, L. R.; Pavel, M. D., E-mail: clemens@bu.edu, E-mail: pavelmi@utexas.edu, E-mail: lcashman@bu.edu [Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215 (United States)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Ex vivo evaluation of a coherent normalization procedure to quantify in vivo finger strontium XRS measurements  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRS) measurements were performed on human cadaver index fingers to measure bone strontium content in the presence of intact overlying soft-tissue. This work assesses the feasibility of applying a normalization procedure including soft-tissue correction of x-ray absorption as a means to quantify an ex vivo bone strontium XRS measurement. Methods: Bone strontium measurements were made using an excitation-detection system incorporating an {sup 125}I x-ray excitation source and an Ortec registered Ametek-AMT Si(Li) detector in 180 deg. backscatter geometry. Spectral processing was accomplished using an in-house nonlinear least-squares Marquardt fitting routine. Bone strontium was quantified using an egs5 Monte Carlo based x-ray soft-tissue correction algorithm in conjunction with the normalization of strontium x-rays to the coherent scatter peaks of 35.5 keV {sup 125}I {gamma}-rays. Results: Comparison of tissue intact and bare bone finger XRS measurement quantification attempts revealed an overall discrepancy of 18.6% that is attributed primarily to the significant contribution of soft-tissue to coherent scatter of 35.5 keV source {gamma}-rays and to a lesser degree, inconsistencies with the simulated tissue correction model. Work toward the beginnings of an experimentally derived tissue correction model, as a means to validate the simulated model, have been reported. Two observations hinted at a systematic inflation of the observed K{beta} peak area. First, strontium concentrations estimated by K{alpha} peak areas were less than the K{beta} peak areas by 28.6% (p < 0.0001) and 10.5% (p < 0.001) for tissue intact and bare bone measurements, respectively. Second, the K{alpha}:K{beta} x-ray average ratios between tissue corrected (3.61 {+-} 0.55) and bare bone predicted (4.4 {+-} 0.4) did not agree (p < 0.0001) and pointed to shortcomings with the current processing treatment of strontium K x-ray peak area extraction. Through finger bone XRS measurements, bone strontium concentration in the Caucasian population was estimated at 95 {+-} 15 {mu}g Sr/g dry bone. Conclusions: The discrepancies observed: between quantification attempts of tissue corrected and bare bone measurements, the inflated estimates of K{beta} relative to K{alpha} peak concentrations and between observed and expected K{alpha}:K{beta} ratios, have indicated that shortcomings with the bone strontium coherent normalization and tissue correction procedure exist. Coherent scatter contribution of soft-tissue overlying bone, tissue correction model limitations, and spectra processing issues are all mentioned as sources of observed discrepancies.

Heirwegh, C. M.; Chettle, D. R.; Pejovic-Milic, A. [Department of Medical Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1 (Canada); Department of Physics, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2K3, Canada and Department of Medical Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1 (Canada)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Efficient calculation of a normal matrix-vector product for anisotropic full-matrix least-squares refinement of macromolecular structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new set of equations for a normal matrix-vector product for the case of anisotropic refinement is given. Significantly faster methods for the calculation of a preconditioner and the normal matrix-vector product are described in detail.

Strokopytov, B.V.

2009-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

250

Comparison of dual-energy CT-derived iodine content and iodine overlay of normal, inflammatory and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma cervical lymph nodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To evaluate whether dual-energy computed tomography (DECT)-derived iodine content and iodine overlay could differentiate between normal,...

Ahmed M. Tawfik; A. A. Razek; J. Matthias Kerl; N. E. Nour-Eldin

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Normal and lateral Casimir interactions between semi-infinite conductors in the presence of a dispersive medium  

SciTech Connect

Path-integral formalism is employed to study normal and lateral Casimir interactions in a system composed of a dispersive medium surrounded by two semi-infinite ideal conductors. The dispersive medium is modeled by a continuum of harmonic oscillators, and it is shown that for smooth conductors, the normal force at small distances in the presence of a dispersive medium coincides with the original Casimir force, while at large distances, it tends to the original form with a renormalized coefficient. The correction to the normal force because of the roughness on one of the conductors is calculated. When the inner surfaces of both conductors have roughness, the lateral Casimir interaction occurs because of translational symmetry breaking, which is studied. It is shown that both normal and lateral Casimir forces in the presence of a dispersive medium are weaker in comparison with the original one and are proportional to the roughness amplitude squared. The dependence of the normal and lateral interactions on the memory and strength of the dispersive medium is considered.

Soltani, Morteza; Sarabadani, Jalal; Kheirandish, Fardin; Rabbani, Hasan [Department of Physics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Shahrkurd, Shahrkurd 88186 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

252

The 2/3 Power Law Dependence of Capillary Force on Normal Load in Nanoscopic Friction E. Riedo,*,, I. Palaci, C. Boragno, and H. Brune  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the normal load following a 2/3 power law. We trace back this behavior to the load induced change of the tip between a spherical AFM tip and a rough flat surface increases with the normal load, FN, following a 2The 2/3 Power Law Dependence of Capillary Force on Normal Load in Nanoscopic Friction E. Riedo

Brune, Harald

253

S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8C cooler than normal during  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8°C cooler than normal during December. Snow and cold weather penetrated north- ern Iran, with heavy rainfall in eastern and southern Iran, precipitation totals were normal to above normal in much of Iran during autumn 2006. (v) Significant weather

254

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory.

255

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

256

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

49031 49031 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to

257

EHD1 mediates vesicle trafficking required for normal muscle growth and transverse tubule development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract EHD proteins have been implicated in intracellular trafficking, especially endocytic recycling, where they mediate receptor and lipid recycling back to the plasma membrane. Additionally, \\{EHDs\\} help regulate cytoskeletal reorganization and induce tubule formation. It was previously shown that EHD proteins bind directly to the C2 domains in myoferlin, a protein that regulates myoblast fusion. Loss of myoferlin impairs normal myoblast fusion leading to smaller muscles in vivo but the intracellular pathways perturbed by loss of myoferlin function are not well known. We now characterized muscle development in EHD1-null mice. EHD1-null myoblasts display defective receptor recycling and mislocalization of key muscle proteins, including caveolin-3 and Fer1L5, a related ferlin protein homologous to myoferlin. Additionally, EHD1-null myoblast fusion is reduced. We found that loss of EHD1 leads to smaller muscles and myofibers in vivo. In wildtype skeletal muscle EHD1 localizes to the transverse tubule (T-tubule), and loss of EHD1 results in overgrowth of T-tubules with excess vesicle accumulation in skeletal muscle. We provide evidence that tubule formation in myoblasts relies on a functional EHD1 \\{ATPase\\} domain. Moreover, we extended our studies to show EHD1 regulates BIN1 induced tubule formation. These data, taken together and with the known interaction between EHD and ferlin proteins, suggests that the EHD proteins coordinate growth and development likely through mediating vesicle recycling and the ability to reorganize the cytoskeleton.

Avery D. Posey Jr.; Kaitlin E. Swanson; Manuel G. Alvarez; Swathi Krishnan; Judy U. Earley; Hamid Band; Peter Pytel; Elizabeth M. McNally; Alexis R. Demonbreun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF NORMAL EMISSION PHOTOELECTRON DIFFRACTION AND ANALOGIES WITH EXAFS  

SciTech Connect

The temperature dependence of normal-emission photoelectron diffraction (NPD) of the prototype adsorbate-substrate system Se-Ni (001) was studied. Two interesting observations emerged. Thermal diffuse scattering yielded a decreasing peak-to-valley contrast ratio in NPD with increasing temperature characterized by an effective temperature {Theta}{sub eff} {approx} 135 K. Also, a new low-temperature form of p(2 x 2) selenium structure was observed, with d{sub {perpendicular}} estimated to be larger by {approx}(0.06-0.1) {angstrom} than the room-temperature form. The new form, which is probably undissociated H{sub 2}Se, is apparent through a systematic NPD peak shift reminiscent of extended x-ray-absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra. It is noted that NPD, though usually associated with low-energy-electron diffraction, in fact has strong similarities to EXAFS. This is particularly evident in the importance of an extended k-space data set and in the temperature sensitivity.

Kevan, S.D.; Tobin, J.G.; Rosenblatt, D.H.; Davis, R.F.; shirley, D.A.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Instantaneous normal mode analysis for intermolecular and intramolecular vibrations of water from atomic point of view  

SciTech Connect

By exploiting the instantaneous normal mode (INM) analysis for models of flexible molecules, we investigate intermolecular and intramolecular vibrations of water from the atomic point of view. With two flexible SPC/E models, our investigations include three aspects about their INM spectra, which are separated into the unstable, intermolecular, bending, and stretching bands. First, the O- and H-atom contributions in the four INM bands are calculated and their stable INM spectra are compared with the power spectra of the atomic velocity autocorrelation functions. The unstable and intermolecular bands of the flexible models are also compared with those of the SPC/E model of rigid molecules. Second, we formulate the inverse participation ratio (IPR) of the INMs, respectively, for the O- and H-atom and molecule. With the IPRs, the numbers of the three species participated in the INMs are estimated so that the localization characters of the INMs in each band are studied. Further, by the ratio of the IPR of the H atom to that of the O atom, we explore the number of involved OH bond per molecule participated in the INMs. Third, by classifying simulated molecules into subensembles according to the geometry of their local environments or their H-bond configurations, we examine the local-structure effects on the bending and stretching INM bands. All of our results are verified to be insensible to the definition of H-bond. Our conclusions about the intermolecular and intramolecular vibrations in water are given.

Chen, Yu-Chun; Tang, Ping-Han [Institute of Physics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Physics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Wu, Ten-Ming, E-mail: tmw@faculty.nctu.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Physics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

260

Detection of a Light Echo from the Otherwise Normal SN 2007af  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the discovery of a light echo from SN 2007af, a normal Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) in NGC 5584. Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images taken three years post explosion reveal two separate echoes; an outer echo and extended central region, which we propose as an unresolved inner echo. Multiple images were obtained in the F160W, F350LP, F555W, and F814W using the Wide Field Camera 3. If the outer echo is produced by an interstellar dust sheet perpendicular to the line of sight, it is located ~800 pc in front of the SN. The dust for the inner echo is 0.45 pc < d < 90 pc away from the SN. The inner echo color is consistent with typical interstellar dust wavelength-dependent scattering cross-sections, while the outer echo color does not match the predictions. Both dust sheets, if in the foreground, are optically thin for scattering, with the outer echo sheet thickness consistent with the inferred extinction from peak brightness. Whether the inner echo is from interstellar or circumstellar dust is ambig...

Drozdov, D; Milne, P A; Pearcy, J; Riess, A G; Macri, L M; Bryngelson, G L; Garnavich, P M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Oral methylphenidate normalizes cingulate activity in cocaine addiction during a salient cognitive task  

SciTech Connect

Anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) hypoactivations during cognitive demand are a hallmark deficit in drug addiction. Methylphenidate (MPH) normalizes cortical function, enhancing task salience and improving associated cognitive abilities, in other frontal lobe pathologies; however, in clinical trials, MPH did not improve treatment outcome in cocaine addiction. We hypothesized that oral MPH will attenuate ACC hypoactivations and improve associated performance during a salient cognitive task in individuals with cocaine-use disorders (CUD). In the current functional MRI study, we used a rewarded drug cue-reactivity task previously shown to be associated with hypoactivations in both major ACC subdivisions (implicated in default brain function) in CUD compared with healthy controls. The task was performed by 13 CUD and 14 matched healthy controls on 2 d: after ingesting a single dose of oral MPH (20 mg) or placebo (lactose) in a counterbalanced fashion. Results show that oral MPH increased responses to this salient cognitive task in both major ACC subdivisions (including the caudal-dorsal ACC and rostroventromedial ACC extending to the medial orbitofrontal cortex) in the CUD. These functional MRI results were associated with reduced errors of commission (a common impulsivity measure) and improved task accuracy, especially during the drug (vs. neutral) cue-reactivity condition in all subjects. The clinical application of such MPH-induced brain-behavior enhancements remains to be tested.

Goldstein, R.Z.; Goldstein, R.Z.; Woicik, P.A.; Maloney, T.; Tomasi, D.; Alia-Klein, N.; Shan, J.; Honorario, J.; Samaras, d.; Wang, R.; Telang, F.; Wang, G.-J.; Volkow, N.D.

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

262

Normal mode expansions in dynamic electroelasticity and their application to electromechanical energy conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method of eigenfunction expansions is extended to transient problems of dynamics of piezoelectric bodies. After investigation of the eigenfunctions properties the general solution of an initial boundary?value problem is constructed in the form of a series of eigenfunctions. Considerable differences between the structure of expansions obtained in this paper and that for a purely elastic case are discussed. The method derived is shown to be a convenient mathematical and physical basis of the theory of electromechanical energy conversion grounded on the concept of the electromechanical coupling factor. It allows one to present this important nonlinear integral characteristic of electroelastic field in the form of a combination of factors corresponding to normal modes of vibrations. The latter quantities are approximately equal to effective coupling factors. These factors can be easily calculated from experimental data by means of the Mason formula instead of Ulitkos energy?related definition used in the paper. In practical problems this circumstance enables one to simplify calculation of maximal values of the coupling factor and corresponding distributions of displacement with the formulas derived. In general a consistent theory suggested in this paper gives one an opportunity to understand better the nature of dynamical behavior of piezoelectric bodies and of electromechanical energy conversion.

Oleg Yu. Zharii

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Neutronics and Fuel Performance Evaluation of Accident Tolerant Fuel under Normal Operation Conditions  

SciTech Connect

This report details the analysis of neutronics and fuel performance analysis for enhanced accident tolerance fuel, with Monte Carlo reactor physics code Serpent and INLs fuel performance code BISON, respectively. The purpose is to evaluate two of the most promising candidate materials, FeCrAl and Silicon Carbide (SiC), as the fuel cladding under normal operating conditions. Substantial neutron penalty is identified when FeCrAl is used as monolithic cladding for current oxide fuel. From the reactor physics standpoint, application of the FeCrAl alloy as coating layer on surface of zircaloy cladding is possible without increasing fuel enrichment. Meanwhile, SiC brings extra reactivity and the neutron penalty is of no concern. Application of either FeCrAl or SiC could be favorable from the fuel performance standpoint. Detailed comparison between monolithic cladding and hybrid cladding (cladding + coating) is discussed. Hybrid cladding is more practical based on the economics evaluation during the transition from current UO2/zircaloy to Accident Tolerant Fuel (ATF) system. However, a few issues remain to be resolved, such as the creep behavior of FeCrAl, coating spallation, inter diffusion with zirconium, etc. For SiC, its high thermal conductivity, excellent creep resistance, low thermal neutron absorption cross section, irradiation stability (minimal swelling) make it an excellent candidate materials for future nuclear fuel/cladding system.

Xu Wu; Piyush Sabharwall; Jason Hales

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Application of a modified generalized Flory dimer theory to normal alkanes  

SciTech Connect

The applicability of chain equations of state to real systems is discussed in this paper. For this purpose, the authors have compared four theories: the perturbed-hard-chain theory (PHCT) of Prausnitz and coworkers, the generalized Flory (GF) and generalized Flory dimer (GFD) theories of Hall and coworkers, and the statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT) of Radosz, Gubbins, and co-workers. In this comparison, the perturbation expansion in the attractive term was truncated after the first-order term for all theories. Comparison of these theories with Monte Carlo simulation data for hard chains and square-well chains showed that the GFD theory, which explicitly takes into account the effect of the formation of chains in both the repulsive and the attractive part of the equations, is in best agreement with the data. The GFD theory was further improved by using the simulations data directly to reevaluate the shape parameters c and q, which were found to be density dependent. The new simplified GFD theory gives a significantly better correlation of the properties of normal alkanes than the other four theories.

Bokis, C.P.; Donohue, M.D. (Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering); Hall, C.K. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

The influence of the Al stabilizer layer thickness on the normal zone propagation velocity in high current superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The stability of high-current superconductors is challenging in the design of superconducting magnets. When the stability requirements are fulfilled, the protection against a quench must still be considered. A main factor in the design of quench protection systems is the resistance growth rate in the magnet following a quench. The usual method for determining the resistance growth in impregnated coils is to calculate the longitudinal velocity with which the normal zone propagates in the conductor along the coil windings. Here, we present a 2D numerical model for predicting the normal zone propagation velocity in Al stabilized Rutherford NbTi cables with large cross section. By solving two coupled differential equations under adiabatic conditions, the model takes into account the thermal diffusion and the current redistribution process following a quench. Both the temperature and magnetic field dependencies of the superconductor and the metal cladding materials properties are included. Unlike common normal zon...

Shilon, I; Langeslag, S A E; Martins, L P; Kate, H H J ten

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Effect on high-T{sub c} superconductivity of the a-b anisotropy in the normal phase  

SciTech Connect

We have previously proposed a two-dimensional d+s-wave superconductivity model in order to account for high-T{sub c} cuprates, in which an orthorhombic distorsion is present within the layers. Conversely, recent microwave conductivity data suggest that a substantial portion of the a-b anisotropy in the magnetic penetration depth is a normal-state effect. We thus generalize in this paper our d+s model to take into account the normal-state anisotropy. We show that such an anisotropy reacts not only on the a-b anisotropy in the transport coefficients but also on the density of states and other thermodynamic quantities. We hope that future experiments will confirm this effect and help us to sort out the a-b anisotropies due to the normal state with higher precision in a number of different compounds. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Beal-Monod, M.T. [Physique des Solides, Universite de Paris-sud, 91400 Orsay (France)] [Physique des Solides, Universite de Paris-sud, 91400 Orsay (France); Maki, K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0484 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0484 (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A cytological study of the maturation process of the ovum of the ewe during normal and induced ovulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A CYTOLOGICAL STUDY OP THE MATURATION PROCESS OF THE OVUM OP THE EWE DURING NORMAL AND INDUCED OVULATIONS A Dissertation By Harry P. Savery Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee Head of department of Animal Husbandry... December 1953 l i b r a r y l i b rayy??? a? ???l? A ONTOLOGICAL STUDY OP THE MATURATION PROCESS OF THE OVUM OF THE EWE DURING NORMAL AND INDUCED OVULATIONS By Harry P. Savery ii? A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural...

Savery, Harry P.

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Heat transfer characteristics of laminar methane/air flame impinging normal to a cylindrical surface  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study has been conducted to determine the heat transfer characteristics of methane/air laminar flames impinging normal to a cylindrical surface. Effects of variations in the values of Reynolds number (Re = 600-1300), equivalence ratio ({phi} = 0.8-1.3), dimensionless separation distance (H/d = 1-5), and burner diameter to cylinder diameter ratio (d/D = 0.0538-0.1076) have been investigated. Three important configurations, viz., flame inner reaction zone far away, just touching and intercepted by the impingement surface, were examined in detail. High stagnation point heat fluxes were obtained when tip of the flame inner reaction zone just touched the target surface. Stagnation point heat fluxes were either zero or negative when the inner reaction zone was intercepted by the impingement surface. An off-stagnation peak in heat flux was obtained at moderate separation distances above the flame tip. Both stagnation point and peak heat fluxes increased with Re when the inner reaction zone length was less than the separation distance. Heat fluxes in the wall-jet region were high at high Re. Maximum heat fluxes were obtained for initially fuel-rich mixture conditions due to entrainment of the surrounding air. Smaller burner diameters produced high heat flux at the stagnation region for fixed Reynolds number and opposite trends were seen in the wall-jet region. A secondary rise in stagnation point heat flux was obtained at larger separation distances. This secondary rise in heat flux was quite significant for larger burner diameters and at low flow rates. Correlations were developed for stagnation point heat flux. Results were also compared with flat plate under identical operating conditions. (author)

Chander, Subhash; Ray, Anjan [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, New Delhi 110 016 (India)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

SN 2003du: Signatures of the Circumstellar Environment in a Normal Type Ia Supernova?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present observations of the Type Ia supernova 2003du and report the detectionof an unusual, high-velocity component in the Ca II infrared triplet, similar tofeatures previously observed in SN 2000cx and SN 2001el. This feature exhibits a large expansion velocity (~18,000 km/s) which is nearly constant between -7 and +2 days relative to maximum light, and disappears shortly thereafter. Otherthan this feature, the spectral evolution and light curve resemble those of a normal SN Ia. We find that the Ca II feature can plausibly be caused by a dense shell formed when circumstellar material of solar abundance is overrun by the rapidly expanding outermost layers of the SN ejecta. Model calculations show that the optical and infrared spectra are remarkably unaffected by the circumstellar interaction. In particular, no hydrogen lines are detectable in either absorption or emission. The only qualitatively different features are the strong, high-velocity feature in the Ca II IR-triplet, and a somewhat weaker O I feature near 7,300 AA. The morphology and time evolution of these features provide an estimate for the amount of accumulated matter and an indication of the mixing in the dense shell. We apply these diagnostic tools to SN 2003du and infer that about 2 x 10^{-2} M_sun of solar abundance material may have accumulated in a circumstellar shell prior to the observations. Furthermore, the early light curve data imply that the circumstellar material was originally very close to the progenitor system, perhaps from an accretion disk, Roche lobe or common envelope.

C. L. Gerardy; P. Hoeflich; R. A. Fesen; G. H. Marion; K. Nomoto; R. Quimby; B. E. Schaefer; L. Wang; J. C. Wheeler

2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

270

MID-INFRARED SPECTRAL INDICATORS OF STAR FORMATION AND ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS ACTIVITY IN NORMAL GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the use of mid-infrared (MIR) polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) bands, the continuum, and emission lines as probes of star formation (SF) and active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity in a sample of 100 'normal' and local (z {approx} 0.1) emission-line galaxies. The MIR spectra were obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope Infrared Spectrograph as part of the Spitzer-SDSS-GALEX Spectroscopic Survey, which includes multi-wavelength photometry from the ultraviolet to the far-infrared and optical spectroscopy. The continuum and features were extracted using PAHFIT, a decomposition code which we find to yield PAH equivalent widths (EWs) up to {approx}30 times larger than the commonly used spline methods. Despite the lack of extreme objects in our sample (such as strong AGNs, low-metallicity galaxies, or ULIRGs), we find significant variations in PAH, continuum, and emission-line properties, and systematic trends between these MIR properties and optically derived physical properties, such as age, metallicity, and radiation field hardness. We revisit the diagnostic diagram relating PAH EWs and [Ne II]12.8 {mu}m/[O IV]25.9 {mu}m line ratios and find it to be in much better agreement with the standard optical SF/AGN classification than when spline decompositions are used, while also potentially revealing obscured AGNs. The luminosity of individual PAH components, of the continuum, and, with poorer statistics, of the neon emission lines and molecular hydrogen lines are found to be tightly correlated to the total infrared (TIR) luminosity, making individual MIR components good gauges of the total dust emission in SF galaxies. Like the TIR luminosity, these individual components can be used to estimate dust attenuation in the UV and in H{alpha} lines based on energy balance arguments. We also propose average scaling relations between these components and dust-corrected, H{alpha}-derived SF rates.

Treyer, Marie; Martin, Christopher D.; Wyder, Ted [California Institute of Technology, MC 278-17, 1200 E. California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Schiminovich, David; O'Dowd, Matt [Astronomy Department, Columbia University, 550 W. 120 St., New York, NY 10027 (United States); Johnson, Benjamin D. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Charlot, Stephane [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095, 98bis Bvd Arago, 75014 Paris (France); Heckman, Timothy [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Martins, Lucimara [NAT-Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, Rua Galvao Bueno, 868, Sao Paulo, SP, 01506-000 (Brazil); Seibert, Mark [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Van der Hulst, J. M., E-mail: treyer@srl.caltech.ed [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen (Netherlands)

2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

Thermal Analysis of the 9975 Package with the 3013 Configuration During Normal Conditions of Transport  

SciTech Connect

Thermal analysis of the 9975 package with three configurations of the BNFL 3013 outer container (with Rocky Flats, SRS, and BNFL inner containers) have been performed for Normal Conditions of Transport (NCT) of plutonium oxide and metal. The NCT is defined in 10 CFR 71.71(c)(1) s an ambient of 100 F (38 C) in still air with 800 W/m{sup 2} and 400 W/m{sup 2} of solar heating on the drum top and sides, respectively. The 9975 drum package is considered to be in an upright position, and the drum bottom is adiabatic. The Rocky and SRS 3013 configurations with Pu metal contents (19 watts) result in acceptable (similar) packaging temperatures, however the plutonium metal temperatures are lower for the SRS design (SRS has helium fill gas whereas Rocky is essentially air filled). The BNFL configuration for Pu oxide contents (19 watts) result in acceptable temperatures and pressures based on limits in the 9975 Safety Analysis Report (SARP). However, for 30 watts of Pu oxide, the fiberboard peak temperatures are very near the SARP allowable. The pressure in the 3013 container is 688.4 psig for the 30 watt Pu oxide content and 569.5 psig for the 19 watt Pu oxide content. Gas species in the pressure computations include air, helium and hydrogen from complete radiolysis of the moisture. The oxygen generated from the radiolysis of the water is not included as a pressure contributor. The gas temperature in the pressure computations was very conservatively assumed to be the maximum plutonium temperature.

Hensel, S

1999-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

272

A phenomenological approach to normal form modeling: a case study in laser induced nematodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental setting for the polarimetric study of optically induced dynamical behavior in nematic liquid crystal films has allowed to identify most notably some behavior which was recognized as gluing bifurcations leading to chaos. This analysis of the data used a comparison with a model for the transition to chaos via gluing bifurcations in optically excited nematic liquid crystals previously proposed by G. Demeter and L. Kramer. The model of these last authors, proposed about twenty years before, does not have the central symmetry which one would expect for minimal dimensional models for chaos in nematics in view of the time series. What we show here is that the simplest truncated normal forms for gluing, with the appropriate symmetry and minimal dimension, do exhibit time signals that are embarrassingly similar to the ones found using the above mentioned experimental settings. The gluing bifurcation scenario itself is only visible in limited parameter ranges and substantial aspect of the chaos that can be observed is due to other factors. First, out of the immediate neighborhood of the homoclinic curve, nonlinearity can produce expansion leading to chaos when combined with the recurrence induced by the homoclinic behavior. Also, pairs of symmetric homoclinic orbits create extreme sensitivity to noise, so that when the noiseless approach contains a rich behavior, minute noise can transform the complex damping into sustained chaos. Leonid Shil'nikov taught us that combining global considerations and local spectral analysis near critical points is crucial to understand the phenomenology associated to homoclinic bifurcations. Here this helps us construct a phenomenological approach to modeling experiments in nonlinear dissipative contexts.

C. Toniolo; G. Russo; S. Residori; C. Tresser

2005-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

273

Assessment of SUNY Version 3 Global Horizontal and Direct Normal Solar Irradiance in Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, hourly, daily and annual solar resource data derived form the latest SUNY solar model (version 3) using visible and infrared satellite data is analysed and compared with ground measured solar data from eighteen northern- latitude locations distributed all across Canada. The statistics of spatial and temporal differences between the two datasets obtained from the two versions of SUNY model, i.e., V1 and V3, are analysed for both global horizontal irradiance (GHI) and direct normal irradiance (DNI). SUNY V3 GHI and DNI data set is also compared to a dataset produced by the MAC3 cloud layer model for ten northern-latitude locations across Canada. The MAC3 model, using ground-based data, is the basis of the weather design input data files referred to in the current Canadian Model National Energy Code. It is also the model used for generating the CWEEDS (Canadian Weather Energy and Engineering Data Sets) long term hourly dataset, which is in turn used to derive the CWEC files (Canadian Weather year for Energy Calculations) also called typical meteorological years. CWEC files are used for design and analysis in various applications, including buildings heating and cooling as well as solar systems. Overall, results show that SUNY V3 has improved slightly compared to SUNY V1 in terms of estimating global and beam irradiance. Comparison of the SUNY V3 beta model with the MAC3 model seems to indicate that SUNY V3 model is resulting in better DNI estimates than those derived by the MAC3 model. Both SUNY V3 and MAC 3 models give similar estimates for GHI.

Reda Djebbar; Robert Morris; Didier Thevenard; Richard Perez; James Schlemmer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Abstract. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Transformation of a normal cell to a malignant one  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Transformation of a normal regulators of growth. Biomarkers associated with cancer were examined in human breast epithelial cells transformed by high-LET radiation in the presence of 17?-estradiol. An established cancer model was used

275

Image-Set Matching using a Geodesic Distance and Cohort Normalization Yui Man Lui, J. Ross Beveridge, Bruce A. Draper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Image-Set Matching using a Geodesic Distance and Cohort Normalization Yui Man Lui, J. Ross are viewed as points on a Grassmann manifold, then geodesic distance on the manifold becomes the natural way-known image-set matching algorithm, Mutual Subspace Method (MSM), which does not use geodesic dis- tance

Draper, Bruce A.

276

Normal Flux through ATP-Citrate Lyase or Fatty Acid Synthase Is Not Required for Glucose-stimulated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Normal Flux through ATP-Citrate Lyase or Fatty Acid Synthase Is Not Required for Glucose (GSIS). Key enzymes involved in synthesis of fatty acids from glu- cose include ATP-citrate lyase (CL appears to be a rise in the ATP:ADP ratio, which stimulates closure of ATP-sensitive K (KATP) channels

Doyle, Martin

277

Non-equilibrium and local detection of the normal fraction of a trapped two-dimensional Bose gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-dimensional Bose gas, a quantity that generally differs from the Bose-Einstein condensed fraction. The idea-Einstein condensation [7]. A possibil- ity explored in [8] is to look at the response of a gas in a toroidal trap for atomic samples, as the superfluid core co-exists with an external ring of normal gas [10]. In p

278

In Vitro Sensitivity to Steroid Hormones and Cytotoxic Agents of Normal and Malignant Lymphocyte Colony-forming Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hormones on growth of normal, peripheral Wood T-lymphocyte colonies. Various concentrations...hypoxanthine) in FCS can alter or abro gate the in vitro toxicity of methotrexate...Taetle et al. using AET-treated sheep red Wood cete. J. Immune .Methods. 27...

Raymond Taetle; Dong To; and John Mendelsohn

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

THE EVALUATION OF THE HEAT LOADING FROM STEADY, TRANSIENT AND OFF-NORMAL CONDITIONS IN ARIES POWER PLANTS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EVALUATION OF THE HEAT LOADING FROM STEADY, TRANSIENT AND OFF-NORMAL CONDITIONS IN ARIES POWER. The characterization of heat loads developed for ITER1 can be applied to power plants to better develop the operating, and heating type for the divertor and first wall (FW). A particular power plant design is used, referred

California at San Diego, University of

280

FINAL REPORT FOR THE CONTRACT BETWEEN POC AND UCSD IMPACT OF INTERMITTENT LIGHT ON NORMAL BRAIN FUNCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINAL REPORT FOR THE CONTRACT BETWEEN POC AND UCSD IMPACT OF INTERMITTENT LIGHT ON NORMAL BRAIN (blinking) photic stimulation (IPS) on the brain's intrinsic activity. It is well known that the brain that spontaneous rhythmic excitations occur naturally in the brain and are integrally tied to all brain functions

Gorodnitsky, Irina

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Stamina pistilloida, the Pea Ortholog of Fim and UFO, Is Required for Normal Development of Flowers, Inflorescences, and Leaves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the absence of normal Stp activity in stp mutants led to the common primordia reiterating an earlier program-that...extended before dawn and after dusk, with a mixture of fluorescent and incandescent bulbs providing 25 mumols m2 sec1 at pot top. Plants...

Scott Taylor; Julie Hofer; Ian Murfet

282

Plasma protein associations with hippocampal atrophy across the cognitive spectrum from normal aging to Alzheimer s disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plasma protein associations with hippocampal atrophy across the cognitive spectrum from normal aging to Alzheimer s disease Methods: We analyzed the imaging and plasma protein biomarker data from EDTA plasma samples were collected and analyzed with a 190 analyte multiplex immunoassay panel based

Thompson, Paul

283

Normal muscle oxygen consumption and fatigability in sickle cell patients despite reduced microvascular oxygenation and hemorheological abnormalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Normal muscle oxygen consumption and fatigability in sickle cell patients despite reduced hypothesized that muscle metabolism and fatigability could be impaired in sickle cell patients, no study has profile at rest between 16 healthy subjects (AA), 20 sickle cell-hemoglobin C disease (SC) patients and 16

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

284

Calculation of characteristics of nonlinear normal waves in plates of lithium niobate for the designing of acousto-electronic devices.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research of anharmonic effects is essential for the design of nonlinear acousto-electronic devices. Such effects involve the generation of nonlinear second harmonics in propagation of normal electroelastic waves in crystal plates. Thereby the analytical and numerical technique of the analysis of small nonlinear anharmonic effects in distribution of normal electroelastic waves in the layer of a trigonal piezocrystal of lithium niobate with thin short-circuited electro?onductive coverings of sides has been developed. The research is based on the model of physically and geometrically nonlinear electroelastic deformation with finite deformations and Gibbs's function that includes quadratic and cubic components on deformations and characteristics of intensity of quasistatic electric field. The analysis of nonlinear wave effects is build on the representation of characteristics of a normal electroelastic wave in the form of the sum of summands which are proportional to the powers of the small parameter. The analytical form has been received for the representations of functions of the elastic displacements intensity induction of quasistatic electric field in nonlinear second harmonics for the studied waves from the different modes of the dispersive spectrum. Quantitative estimates have been researched for the amplitude levels of second harmonics for normal electroelastic waves with variable frequencies.

Alina Kuslyva; Valery Storozhev

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Calculation of characteristics of nonlinear normal waves in plates of lithium niobate for the designing of acousto-electronic devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research of anharmonic effects is essential for the design of nonlinear acousto-electronic devices. Such effects involve the generation of nonlinear second harmonics in propagation of normal electroelastic waves in crystal plates. Thereby the analytical and numerical technique of the analysis of small nonlinear anharmonic effects in distribution of normal electroelastic waves in the layer of a trigonal piezocrystal of lithium niobate with thin short-circuited electro?onductive coverings of sides has been developed. The research is based on the model of physically and geometrically nonlinear electroelastic deformation with finite deformations and Gibbs's function that includes quadratic and cubic components on deformations and characteristics of intensity of quasistatic electric field. The analysis of nonlinear wave effects is build on the representation of characteristics of a normal electroelastic wave in the form of the sum of summands which are proportional to the powers of the small parameter. The analytical form has been received for the representations of functions of the elastic displacements intensity induction of quasistatic electric field in nonlinear second harmonics for the studied waves from the different modes of the dispersive spectrum. Quantitative estimates have been researched for the amplitude levels of second harmonics for normal electroelastic waves with variable frequencies.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Identification and selection rules of the spin-wave eigen-modes in a normally magnetized nano-pillar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identification and selection rules of the spin-wave eigen-modes in a normally magnetized nano nano-pillar (Permalloy-Copper-Permalloy) by means of a Magnetic Resonance Force Microscope (MRFM). We azimuthal index = 0, the RF cur- rent flowing through the nano-pillar, creating a circular RF Oersted field

287

Identification and selection rules of the spin-wave eigen-modes in a normally magnetized nano-pillar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects in the electronic transport properties1 . An elementary device of spintronics consists of two magnetic layers separated by a normal layer. It exhibits the well- known giant magneto-resistance (GMR) effect2,3 , that is, its resistance depends on the relative angle between the magnetic layers. Nowadays

Boyer, Edmond

288

Adaptive Responses to Low Dose/Low Dose-Rate γ-Rays in Normal Human Fibroblasts:  

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Responses to Low Dose/Low Dose-Rate γ-Rays in Normal Human Fibroblasts: Responses to Low Dose/Low Dose-Rate γ-Rays in Normal Human Fibroblasts: The Role of Oxidative Metabolism Edouard I. Azzam 1 , Sonia M. de Toledo 1 , Badri N. Pandey 1 , Perumal Venkatachalam 1 , Manuela Buoannano 1 , Zhi Yang 1 , Ling Li 3 , Donna M. Gordon 2 , Roger W. Howell 1 , Debkumar Pain 2 and Douglas R. Spitz 3 1 Department of Radiology, 2 Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 3 Free Radical and Radiation Biology Program, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA To investigate low dose/low dose-rate effects of low linear energy transfer ionizing radiation, we used γ-irradiated cells adapted to grow in three-dimensional architecture that mimics cell growth in vivo. We determined cellular, molecular and biochemical changes in these

289

Bright and dark solitons in the normal dispersion regime of inhomogeneous optical fibers: Soliton interaction and soliton control  

SciTech Connect

Symbolically investigated in this paper is a nonlinear Schroedinger equation with the varying dispersion and nonlinearity for the propagation of optical pulses in the normal dispersion regime of inhomogeneous optical fibers. With the aid of the Hirota method, analytic one- and two-soliton solutions are obtained. Relevant properties of physical and optical interest are illustrated. Different from the previous results, both the bright and dark solitons are hereby derived in the normal dispersion regime of the inhomogeneous optical fibers. Moreover, different dispersion profiles of the dispersion-decreasing fibers can be used to realize the soliton control. Finally, soliton interaction is discussed with the soliton control confirmed to have no influence on the interaction. The results might be of certain value for the study of the signal generator and soliton control.

Liu Wenjun [School of Science, P. O. Box 122, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Tian Bo, E-mail: tian.bupt@yahoo.com.c [School of Science, P. O. Box 122, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); State Key Laboratory of Software Development Environment, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications (BUPT), Ministry of Education, P. O. Box 128, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Xu Tao; Sun Kun; Jiang Yan [School of Science, P. O. Box 122, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Rock Joint Surfaces Measurement and Analysis of Aperture Distribution under Different Normal and Shear Loading Using GIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geometry of the rock joint is a governing factor for joint mechanical and hydraulic behavior. A new method of evaluating aperture distribution based on measurement of joint surfaces and three dimensional characteristics of each surface is developed. Artificial joint of granite surfaces are measured,processed, analyzed and three dimensional approaches are carried out for surface characterization. Parameters such as asperity's heights, slope angles, and aspects distribution at micro scale,local concentration of elements and their spatial localization at local scale are determined by Geographic Information System (GIS). Changes of aperture distribution at different normal stresses and various shear displacements are visualized and interpreted. Increasing normal load causes negative changes in aperture frequency distribution which indicates high joint matching. However, increasing shear displacement causes a rapid increase in the aperture and positive changes in the aperture frequency distribution which could be ...

Sharifzadeh, Mostafa; Esaki, Tetsuro

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Digital transcriptome profiling of normal and glioblastoma-derived neural stem cells identifies genes associated with patient survival  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

associated with patient survival Pr G. Engstrm, Diva Tommei, Stefan H. Stricker, Christine Ender, Steven M. Pollard and Paul Bertone Assignment of tags to genes To assign... 2012) R E S E A R C H Open Acces s Digital transcriptome profiling of normal and glioblastoma-derived neural stem cells identifies genes associated with patient survival Pr G Engstrm 1 , Diva Tommei 1 , Stefan H Stricker 2 , Christine Ender 2 , Steven...

Engstrm, Pr G; Tommei, Diva; Stricker, Stefan H; Ender, Christine; Pollard, Steven M; Bertone, Paul

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

292

Misalignment-tolerant surface-normal low-voltage modulator for optical interconnects at 1.55 m  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-normal designs (e.g. misalignment tolerance). Results for an InP/InGaAsP implementation are presented. ©2003 fabricated with an InGaAsP/InP p-i-n diode structure. Angled facets at 54.7° were wet etched into the In (MQW) in the intrinsic layer modulates the absorption via the quantum-confined Stark effect. Fig. 1

Miller, David A. B.

293

A comparison between cerebral?palsied and normal adults in the perception of auditory?visual illusions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Listeners obtain information about speech both from listening to a talker and by using visual cues from the talkers face. As demonstrated in the McGurk effect conflicting auditory and visual cues produce illusions. The present experiment investigated whether lack of experience with normal speech production affects the perception of auditory?visual illusions. Adults with cerebral palsy (CP) who have been severely dysarthric since birth were compared to normally speaking adults on two types of illusions: (1) auditory /aba/ paired with visual /aga/ which typically produces a /da/ illusion; and (2) auditory /aga/ paired with visual /aba/ which typically produces a /bga/ illusion. The number of illusory responses was compared for each group. There was no difference between groups in the number of /da/ illusions. However adults with CP perceived fewer /bga/ illusions than normal adults. These results suggest that lack of experience articulating speech inhibits a listeners ability to perceive unusual English phoneme clusters like /bga/. [Research supported by NICHD.

Nithya Siva; Erica B. Stevens; Patricia K. Kuhl; Andrew N. Meltzoff

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

An investigation of the English vowels of intelligible but non?normal profoundly deaf adult male speakers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The English vowels of ten intelligible but non?normal profoundly deaf adult male speakers were analyzed using computer techniques to determine ferment frequency values. Spectrographic analysis of the same data was compared to the computer analysis to assure that the computer techniques were applicable to the non?normal speech of deaf speakers. The acoustic data from the deaf speakers was compared to the same data obtained from normal hearing and speaking adult males. Upon completion of the initial research it is likely that the deaf speakers will miss the acoustic vowel targets. It is reasonable to assume that the deaf speakers are not able to place their articulators accurately enough to achieve the correct targets and that they are unable to correct the inaccurate articulator placement through auditory monitoring. It will be of interest to examine the relationship between the acoustic data and the physiological correlates and the impact this information should have on the remediation strategies used to improve the speech of profoundly deaf speakers.

Linda Rowe

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The paper "Magnetic-ux quantization in a cylindrical lm of a normal metal"D.Yu. Sharvin and Yu.V. Shashkin (1981)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper "Magnetic-ux quantization in a cylindrical lm of a normal metal"D.Yu. Sharvin and Yu temperatures. Let us consider an insulating cylinder coated by a thin lm of a normal metal. The probability amplitude for the electron to return to some point on the lm can be presented as the sum of amplitudes

Skvortsov, Mikhail

296

Figure 1. Ankle behavior can be approximated by a linear torsional spring in the progression stage of the stance phase of normal gait.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1. Ankle behavior can be approximated by a linear torsional spring in the progression stage of the stance phase of normal gait. Abstract--In this paper we explore the mechanical behavior of the ankle in the progression stage of stance during normal walking. We show that the torque/angle behavior of the ankle during

Dollar, Aaron M.

297

Predicting Static Losses in an Inverter-Leg built with SiC Normally-Off JFETs and SiC diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting Static Losses in an Inverter-Leg built with SiC Normally-Off JFETs and SiC diodes Xavier details the methodology of a method to calculate static losses in an inverter leg built with SiC Normally model with a constant current. The proposed method is applied to a three phase inverter to evaluate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

298

Transition from metallic to tunneling-type conductance in metal-metal and normal-metalsuperconductor point contacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the microshorttotunneling crossover in normal-normal (N-N) and normal-metalsuperconductor (N-S) point-contact junctions at 4.2 K as the junction conductance (G0) is varied. The microshort (or metallic) point contact with the dynamic conductance G (V) having a negative derivative with respect to bias V (i.e., ?G/?V0 when G0?35 mS. We show that this is the region where the contact radius ? is a few times kF-1 (kF is the Fermi wave vector) and the crossover in the sign of ?G/?V occurs due to electron confinement in a length scale comparable to kF-1. The effect of confinement is to make the electrons crossing the constriction evanescent in nature as the junction size is reduced progressively and the energy for lateral confinement becomes comparable to EF. We argue that in this extreme ballistic regime, the classical Sharvin approach breaks down as quantum effects due to electron confinement takes over. This happens much before single-atom contact is reached which signals the onset of vacuum tunneling. As a further test of the electron confinement effects in point contacts, we investigated clean N-S microshorts showing near-ideal Andreev reflection. We find that in N-S junctions, the Andreev reflection (which is a manifestation of superconductivity) gradually vanishes when the contact radius ??0.1? (? is the coherence length) and the energy cost of electron confinement is larger than the superconducting energy gap ?.

H. Srikanth and A. K. Raychaudhuri

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Generation of a coherent near-infrared Kerr frequency comb in a monolithic microresonator with normal GVD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate experimentally, and explain theoretically, generation of a wide, fundamentally phase locked Kerr frequency comb in a nonlinear resonator with a normal group velocity dispersion. A magnesium fluoride whispering gallery resonator characterized with 10 GHz free spectral range and pumped either at 780 nm or 795 nm is used in the experiment. The envelope of the observed frequency comb differs significantly from the Kerr frequency comb spectra reported previously. We show via numerical simulation that, while the frequency comb does not correspond to generation of short optical pulses, the relative phases of the generated harmonics are fixed.

Liang, Wei; Ilchenko, Vladimir S; Eliyahu, Danny; Seidel, David; Matsko, Andrey B; Maleki, Lute

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Comment on Thermal hysteresis in the normal-state magnetization of La2?xSrxCuO4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this comment is to explain why the thermal hysteresis in magnetization is observed in La2?xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) and presumably in all cuprates but not in the BCS superconductors such as Nb or Pb. The key to understanding the hysteresis in LSCO is the localization of pairs within the CuO6 pyramids and formation of charged and magnetic stripes in the CuO2 planes. Due to the chemical equilibrium the spin system of the localized triplet pairs is disordered due to their decay into mobile fermions. The explanation in terms of normal state vortices is shown to be invalid.

J. Hissa and A. Kallio

2005-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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301

Heat transfer and hydraulic resistance of supercritical pressure coolants. Part III: Generalized description of SCP fluids normal heat transfer, empirical calculating correlations, integral method of theoretical calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The problems of generalized description of the supercritical-pressure fluids normal heat transfer are analyzed. The known empirical correlations are considered and their efficiency is assessed in view of using the refined International Standards on water and carbon dioxide thermophysical properties. The efficient methods of renovating the old correlations, as well as new correlations for calculating normal heat transfer are proposed. The modified integral method for theoretical calculating normal heat transfer is given, which makes it possible obtaining the data on the SCP flow structure.

V.A. Kurganov; Yu.A. Zeigarnik; I.V. Maslakova

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Mthode de conservation pour la prdiction en 24 heures de la rsistance 28 jours du mortier normal RILEM-CEMBUREAU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On dcrit une mthode de cure acclre, dveloppe dans les laboratoires de l'INTI, qui permet de prdire par corrlation la rsistance 28 jours du mortier normal RILEM-CEMBUREAU. Les 178 points de corrlat...

G. N. Burgoa

303

Normal fasting plasma glucose levels and type 2 diabetes: the high-risk and population strategy for occupational health promotion (HIPOP-CHP) study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to ascertain if higher normal fasting glucose levels are also an independent risk of developing diabetes in an Asian population, and we thus analysed data from a cohort of health...

Y. Hayashino; S. Fukuhara; Y. Suzukamo; T. Okamura; T. Tanaka

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Current transport along the [001] axis of YBCO in low-temperature superconductor-normal metal-high-temperature superconductor heterostructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electrophysical properties of heterojunctions several microns in size, obtained by successive deposition of the metal-oxide high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3Ox..., a normal metal Au, and the low-temperature

F. V. Komissinskii; G. A. Ovsyannikov

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Spin-polarized currents in the tunnel contact of a normal conductor and a two-dimensional topological insulator  

SciTech Connect

The spin filtering of electrons tunneling from the edge states of a two-dimensional topological insulator into a normal conductor under a magnetic field (external or induced due to proximity to a magnetic insulator) is studied. Calculations are performed for a tunnel contact of finite length between the topological insulator and an electronic multimode quantum strip. It is shown that the flow of tunneling electrons is split in the strip, so that spin-polarized currents arise in its left and right branches. These currents can be effectively controlled by the contact voltage and the chemical potential of the system. The presence of a magnetic field, which splits the spin subbands of the electron spectrum in the strip, gives rise to switching of the spin current between the strip branches.

Sukhanov, A. A., E-mail: AASukhanov@yandex.ru; Sablikov, V. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics (Fryazino branch) (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics (Fryazino branch) (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

Unsteady heat dissipation in accelerator superconducting coils insulated with porous ceramic insulation in normal and supercritical helium conditions  

SciTech Connect

To investigate the unsteady heat dissipation in accelerator superconducting coils insulated with porous ceramic insulation, two experimental mock-ups reproducing the thermal and the mechanical conditions of a superconducting coils were produced. The mock-ups with compressive load of 10 MPa and 20 MPa were tested at normal (T = 4.23 K and p = 1 bar) and supercritical helium conditions (T = 4.23 K and p = 2.0 to 3.75 bar) during unsteady heat dissipation. The paper presents the experimental results of temperature rise in both superconducting coils as a function of time for a wide range of a localized heat load varying from 0.1 kJ/m{sup 3} up to 12.8 MJ m{sup ?3} per pulse. A numerical model of the transient process in these coils has been developed and the computations are compared with the experimental results.

Pietrowicz, S. [Department of Thermodynamics, Institute of Power Engineering and Fluid Mechanics, Wroc?aw University of Technology, Wybrze?e Wyspia?skiego 27, 50 - 370 Wroc?aw (Poland); Four, A.; Baudouy, B. [CEA Saclay, Irfu/ SACM, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Kimura, N.; Yamamoto, A. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, KEK, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

307

Numerical analysis of laminar fluid flow and heat transfer in a parallel plate channel with normally in-line positioned plates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF LAMINAR FLUID FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN A PARALLEL PLATE CHANNEL WITH NORMALLY IN-LINE POSITIONED PLATES A Thesis by JOHN GRADY iVICMATH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AkM University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF LAMINAR FLUID FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN A PARALLEL PLATE CHANNEI WITH NORMALLY IN-LINE POSITIONED PLATES A...

McMath, John Grady

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

308

HELIUM-IGNITED VIOLENT MERGERS AS A UNIFIED MODEL FOR NORMAL AND RAPIDLY DECLINING TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect

The progenitors of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are still unknown, despite significant progress during the past several years in theory and observations. Violent mergers of two carbon-oxygen (CO) white dwarfs (WDs) are a candidate scenario suggested to be responsible for at least a significant fraction of normal SNe Ia. Here, we simulate the merger of two CO WDs using a moving-mesh code that allows for the inclusion of thin helium (He) shells (0.01 M{sub Sun }) on top of the WDs at an unprecedented numerical resolution. The accretion of He onto the primary WD leads to the formation of a detonation in its He shell. This detonation propagates around the CO WD and sends a converging shock wave into its core, known to robustly trigger a second detonation, as in the well-known double-detonation scenario for He-accreting CO WDs. However, in contrast to that scenario where a massive He shell is required to form a detonation through thermal instability, here the He detonation is ignited dynamically. Accordingly the required He-shell mass is significantly smaller, and hence its burning products are unlikely to affect the optical display of the explosion. We show that this scenario, which works for CO primary WDs with CO- as well as He-WD companions, has the potential to explain the different brightness distributions, delay times, and relative rates of normal and fast declining SNe Ia. Finally, we discuss extensions to our unified merger model needed to obtain a comprehensive picture of the full observed diversity of SNe Ia.

Pakmor, R.; Springel, V. [Heidelberger Institut fuer Theoretische Studien, Schloss-Wolfsbrunnenweg 35, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Kromer, M. [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Taubenberger, S. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

309

A normalization method for solving the combined economic and emission dispatch problem with meta-heuristic algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solving the economic and emission dispatch (ED/MED) problems separately becomes more complex when the combined version (CEED) of the two aforementioned cases is considered. The basic idea is to achieve the lowest possible cost with the smallest amount of pollutant and this problem is known as the combined economicemission dispatch (CEED). A new approach for solving the CEED is presented in this paper. The idea consists of normalizing the two conflicting objective functions, ED and MED, using the mean and standard deviation of the members contained in the population-based meta-heuristic algorithms implemented in this study thus preventing units and scale differences when optimizing the CEED problem. The mathematical model for each problem (ED, MED, and CEED) presented in this study is optimized implementing a nonlinear optimization package named TOMLAB available for MATLAB, which helps us to determine the best possible solution for the tested instances. A novel meta-heuristic named Virus Optimization Algorithm (VOA) is implemented along with seven well-known algorithmic tools, which are the Genetic Algorithm (GA), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Harmony Search (HS), Differential Evolution (DE), FireFly algorithm (FF), Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA), and Seeker Optimization Algorithm (SOA). A comprehensive statistical study is performed to determine the quality of the solutions delivered by the algorithmic tools when compared with TOMLAB. From the test instances, it was observed that the proposed normalization method does not only show to be feasible, but also helps the algorithms to achieve similar results from that coming when solving the ED and MED separately. Furthermore, among the eight meta-heuristic tools (VOA, GA, PSO, HS, DE, FF, GSA, and SOA), VOA showed outstanding performance in both solution quality and computational efficiency.

Yun-Chia Liang; Josue Rodolfo Cuevas Juarez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A comparison of spent fuel shipping cask response to 10 CFR 71 normal conditions and realistic hot day extremes  

SciTech Connect

An examination of the effect of a realistic (though conservative) hot day environment on the thermal transient behavior of spent fuel shipping casks is made. These results are compared to those that develop under the prescribed normal thermal condition of 10 CFR 71. Of specific concern are the characteristics of propagating thermal waves, which are set up by diurnal variations of temperature and insolation in the outdoor environment. In order to arrive at a realistic approximation of these variations on a conservative hot day, actual temperature and insolation measurements have been obtained from the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) for representatively hot and high heat flux days. Thus, the use of authentic meteorological data ensures the realistic approach sought. Further supporting the desired realism of the modeling effort is the use of realistic cask configurations in which multiple laminations of structural, shielding, and other materials are expected to attenuate the propagating thermal waves. The completed analysis revealed that the majority of wall temperatures, for a wide variety of spent fuel shipping cask configurations, fall well below those predicted by enforcement of the regulatory environmental conditions of 10 CFR 71. It was found that maximum temperatures at the cask surface occasionally lie above temperatures predicted under the prescribed regulatory conditions. However, the temperature differences are small enough that the normal conservative assumptions that are made in the course of typical cask evaluations should correct for any potential violations. The analysis demonstrates that diurnal temperature variations that penetrate the cask wall all have maxima substantially less than the corresponding regulatory solutions. Therefore it is certain that vital cask components and the spent fuel itself will not exceed the temperatures calculated by use of the conditions of 10 CFR 71.

Manson, S.J.; Gianoulakis, S.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Transportation Systems Development Dept.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Situation: Non-Normal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On July 13, 1993, Boeing issued a 6-page document as part of a series of occasional newsletters called Boeing Flight Operations Review. The new edition had...

Gerry Byrne

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

THE EGNoG SURVEY: GAS EXCITATION IN NORMAL GALAXIES AT z Almost-Equal-To 0.3  

SciTech Connect

As observations of molecular gas in galaxies are pushed to lower star formation rate (SFR) galaxies at higher redshifts, it is becoming increasingly important to understand the conditions of the gas in these systems to properly infer their molecular gas content. The rotational transitions of the carbon monoxide (CO) molecule provide an excellent probe of the gas excitation conditions in these galaxies. In this paper, we present the results from the gas excitation sample of the Evolution of molecular Gas in Normal Galaxies (EGNoG) survey at the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA). This subset of the full EGNoG sample consists of four galaxies at z Almost-Equal-To 0.3 with SFRs of 40-65 M {sub Sun} yr{sup -1} and stellar masses of Almost-Equal-To 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11} M {sub Sun }. Using the 3 mm and 1 mm bands at CARMA, we observe both the CO(J = 1 {yields} 0) and CO(J = 3 {yields} 2) transitions in these four galaxies in order to probe the excitation of the molecular gas. We report robust detections of both lines in three galaxies (and an upper limit on the fourth), with an average line ratio, r {sub 31} = L'{sub CO(3-2)}/L'{sub CO(1-0)}, of 0.46 {+-} 0.07 (with systematic errors {approx}< 40%), which implies sub-thermal excitation of the CO(J = 3 {yields} 2) line. We conclude that the excitation of the gas in these massive, highly star-forming galaxies is consistent with normal star-forming galaxies such as local spirals, not starbursting systems like local ultraluminous infrared galaxies. Since the EGNoG gas excitation sample galaxies are selected from the main sequence (MS) of star-forming galaxies, we suggest that this result is applicable to studies of MS galaxies at intermediate and high redshifts, supporting the assumptions made in studies that find molecular gas fractions in star-forming galaxies at z {approx} 1-2 to be an order of magnitude larger than what is observed locally.

Bauermeister, A.; Blitz, L.; Wright, M. [Department of Astronomy, University of California at Berkeley, B-20 Hearst Field Annex, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of California at Berkeley, B-20 Hearst Field Annex, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Bolatto, A.; Teuben, P. [Department of Astronomy and Laboratory for Millimeter-wave Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Laboratory for Millimeter-wave Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Bureau, M. [Sub-department of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)] [Sub-department of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Wong, T., E-mail: amberb@astro.berkeley.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, MC-221, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

313

Attenuation Tomography of Northern California and the Yellow Sea / Korean Peninsula from Coda-source Normalized and Direct Lg Amplitudes  

SciTech Connect

Inversions for regional attenuation (1/Q) of Lg are performed in two different regions. The path attenuation component of the Lg spectrum is isolated using the coda-source normalization method, which corrects the Lg spectral amplitude for the source using the stable, coda-derived source spectra. Tomographic images of Northern California agree well with one-dimensional (1-D) Lg Q estimated from five different methods. We note there is some tendency for tomographic smoothing to increase Q relative to targeted 1-D methods. For example in the San Francisco Bay Area, which contains high attenuation relative to the rest of it's region, Q is over-estimated by {approx}30. Coda-source normalized attenuation tomography is also carried out for the Yellow Sea/Korean Peninsula (YSKP) where output parameters (site, source, and path terms) are compared with those from the amplitude tomography method of Phillips et al. (2005) as well as a new method that ties the source term to the MDAC formulation (Walter and Taylor, 2001). The source terms show similar scatter between coda-source corrected and MDAC source perturbation methods, whereas the amplitude method has the greatest correlation with estimated true source magnitude. The coda-source better represents the source spectra compared to the estimated magnitude and could be the cause of the scatter. The similarity in the source terms between the coda-source and MDAC-linked methods shows that the latter method may approximate the effect of the former, and therefore could be useful in regions without coda-derived sources. The site terms from the MDAC-linked method correlate slightly with global Vs30 measurements. While the coda-source and amplitude ratio methods do not correlate with Vs30 measurements, they do correlate with one another, which provides confidence that the two methods are consistent. The path Q{sup -1} values are very similar between the coda-source and amplitude ratio methods except for small differences in the Da-xin-anling Mountains, in the northern YSKP. However there is one large difference between the MDAC-linked method and the others in the region near stations TJN and INCN, which point to site-effect as the cause for the difference.

Ford, S R; Dreger, D S; Phillips, W S; Walter, W R; Mayeda, K; Malagnini, L

2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

314

Normal Tissue Complication Probability Modeling of Radiation-Induced Hypothyroidism After Head-and-Neck Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine the dose-response relationship of the thyroid for radiation-induced hypothyroidism in head-and-neck radiation therapy, according to 6 normal tissue complication probability models, and to find the best-fit parameters of the models. Methods and Materials: Sixty-five patients treated with primary or postoperative radiation therapy for various cancers in the head-and-neck region were prospectively evaluated. Patient serum samples (tri-iodothyronine, thyroxine, thyroid-stimulating hormone [TSH], free tri-iodothyronine, and free thyroxine) were measured before and at regular time intervals until 1 year after the completion of radiation therapy. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of the patients' thyroid gland were derived from their computed tomography (CT)-based treatment planning data. Hypothyroidism was defined as increased TSH (subclinical hypothyroidism) or increased TSH in combination with decreased free thyroxine and thyroxine (clinical hypothyroidism). Thyroid DVHs were converted to 2 Gy/fraction equivalent doses using the linear-quadratic formula with {alpha}/{beta} = 3 Gy. The evaluated models included the following: Lyman with the DVH reduced to the equivalent uniform dose (EUD), known as LEUD; Logit-EUD; mean dose; relative seriality; individual critical volume; and population critical volume models. The parameters of the models were obtained by fitting the patients' data using a maximum likelihood analysis method. The goodness of fit of the models was determined by the 2-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Ranking of the models was made according to Akaike's information criterion. Results: Twenty-nine patients (44.6%) experienced hypothyroidism. None of the models was rejected according to the evaluation of the goodness of fit. The mean dose model was ranked as the best model on the basis of its Akaike's information criterion value. The D{sub 50} estimated from the models was approximately 44 Gy. Conclusions: The implemented normal tissue complication probability models showed a parallel architecture for the thyroid. The mean dose model can be used as the best model to describe the dose-response relationship for hypothyroidism complication.

Bakhshandeh, Mohsen [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Hashemi, Bijan, E-mail: bhashemi@modares.ac.ir [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mahdavi, Seied Rabi Mehdi [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Nikoofar, Alireza; Vasheghani, Maryam [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hafte-Tir Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hafte-Tir Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kazemnejad, Anoshirvan [Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

A 3% Measurement of the Beam Normal Single Spin Asymmetry in Forward Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering using the Qweak Setup  

SciTech Connect

The beam normal single spin asymmetry generated in the scattering of transversely polarized electrons from unpolarized nucleons is an observable of the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange process. Moreover, it is a potential source of false asymmetry in parity violating electron scattering experiments. The Q{sub weak} experiment uses parity violating electron scattering to make a direct measurement of the weak charge of the proton. The targeted 4% measurement of the weak charge of the proton probes for parity violating new physics beyond the Standard Model. The beam normal single spin asymmetry at Q{sub weak} kinematics is at least three orders of magnitude larger than 5 ppb precision of the parity violating asymmetry. To better understand this parity conserving background, the Q{sub weak} Collaboration has performed elastic scattering measurements with fully transversely polarized electron beam on the proton and aluminum. This dissertation presents the analysis of the 3% measurement (1.3% statistical and 2.6% systematic) of beam normal single spin asymmetry in electronproton scattering at a Q2 of 0.025 (GeV/c)2. It is the most precise existing measurement of beam normal single spin asymmetry available at the time. A measurement of this precision helps to improve the theoretical models on beam normal single spin asymmetry and thereby our understanding of the doubly virtual Compton scattering process.

Waidyawansa, Dinayadura Buddhini [OHIO U.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Depth-resolved monitoring of diffusion of hyperosmotic agents in normal and malignant human esophagus tissues using optical coherence tomography in-vitro  

SciTech Connect

Depth-resolved monitoring with differentiation and quantification of glucose diffusion in healthy and abnormal esophagus tissues has been studied in vitro. Experiments have been performed using human normal esophagus and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues by the optical coherence tomography (OCT). The images have been continuously acquired for 120 min in the experiments, and the depth-resolved and average permeability coefficients of the 40 % glucose solution have been calculated by the OCT amplitude (OCTA) method. We demonstrate the capability of the OCT technique for depth-resolved monitoring, differentiation, and quantifying of glucose diffusion in normal esophagus and ESCC tissues. It is found that the permeability coefficients of the 40 % glucose solution are not uniform throughout the normal esophagus and ESCC tissues and increase from (3.30 {+-} 0.09) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6} and (1.57 {+-} 0.05) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} cm s{sup -1} at the mucous membrane of normal esophagus and ESCC tissues to (1.82 {+-} 0.04) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} and (3.53 {+-} 0.09) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} cm s{sup -1} at the submucous layer approximately 742 {mu}m away from the epithelial surface of normal esophagus and ESCC tissues, respectively. (optical coherence tomography)

Zhao Qingliang; Guo Zhouyi; Wei Huajiang; Yang Hongqin; Xie Shusen

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

317

Thermal-Hydrologic-Mechanical Study of Pre-Closure Off-Normal Thermal Scenarios at the Proposed Yucca Mountain Nuclear Waste Repository  

SciTech Connect

The proposed nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada currently includes a minimum of 50 years forced ventilation inside of emplacement drifts prior to repository closure. To regulate the heat generated from emplaced waste packages, the ventilation during the pre-closure period should be continuous. Off-normal thermal scenarios that consider temporary shutdown of the pre-closure ventilation are investigated to determine the impacts of ventilation shutdown on the thermal-hydrologic-mechanical behaviors of the emplacement drifts. In-drift heat transfer processes including radiation, convection, and conduction are studied. The analysis provides a ventilation heat removal ratio that varies on the drift location and the ventilation duration. The heat removal ratio is transferred and utilized in the NUFT thermal-hydrology software. The NUFT software is used to investigate the thermal-hydrologic impacts on the repository rock mass for the off-normal thermal scenarios with various shutdown durations at various pre-closure times. The predicted rock mass temperature evaluated from the thermal-hydrologic analysis is applied for the thermal-mechanical analysis of the off-normal thermal scenarios. The results show that degradation and rockfall of the emplacement drifts due to the off-normal thermal scenarios will be minimal, and it is concluded that the impacts of off-normal thermal scenarios on the stability of the emplacement drifts will be insignificant.

J. Leem; M. Lin; Y. Sun; D. Kicker

2005-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

318

Size distributions of fly ash using Coulter Multisizer: Use of multiple orifices and fitting to truncated log-normal distributions  

SciTech Connect

Fly ash particles, which are predominantly spherical and glassy, are produced by melting of the mineral inclusions in the coal during combustion. Particle diameters can range from sub-micrometer (micron or {mu}m) to greater than 100 {mu}m. The size distribution of fly ash is needed to determine its role in the radiation transfer process in pulverized coal combustors. The Coulter Multisizer is an useful instrument for sizing powders with a broad size distribution. A single Multisizer orifice can size particles only within a specific size range limited at the lower end to a few percent of orifice diameter by sensitivity and at the upper end by increasing non-linearity of the signal-volume relation. A scheme for combining data obtained using orifices of different diameters is described. The manufacturers state that the smallest particle which can be sized accurately is nominally 2% of the diameter of the orifice. However, it was found that the data for particles less than 4% of the orifice diameter were not reliable. In order to use the smaller orifices, the larger particles have to be removed from the sample. A wet-sieving apparatus, designed for accurate separation of the particles by size, is described. A log-normal distribution function, truncated outside the measurement limits, fits the size distribution data well. Size parameters for fly ashes of six representative US coals are presented.

Ghosal, S.; Ebert, J.L.; Self, S.A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

PTF11iqb: Cool supergiant mass loss that bridges the gap between Type IIn and normal supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PTF11iqb was initially classified as a TypeIIn event caught very early after explosion. It showed narrow Wolf-Rayet (WR) spectral features on day 2, but the narrow emission weakened quickly and the spectrum morphed to resemble those of Types II-L and II-P. At late times, Halpha emission exhibited a complex, multipeaked profile reminiscent of SN1998S. In terms of spectroscopic evolution, we find that PTF11iqb was a near twin of SN~1998S, although with weaker interaction with circumstellar material (CSM) at early times, and stronger CSM interaction at late times. We interpret the spectral changes as caused by early interaction with asymmetric CSM that is quickly (by day 20) enveloped by the expanding SN ejecta photosphere, but then revealed again after the end of the plateau when the photosphere recedes. The light curve can be matched with a simple model for weak CSM interaction added to the light curve of a normal SN~II-P. This plateau requires that the progenitor had an extended H envelope like a red supergia...

Smith, Nathan; Cenko, S Bradley; Kasliwal, Mansi M; Silverman, Jeffrey M; Filippenko, Alexei V; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Clubb, Kelsey I; Graham, Melissa L; Leonard, Douglas C; Horst, J Chuck; Williams, G Grant; Andrews, Jennifer E; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R; Nugent, Peter; Sullivan, Mark; Maguire, Kate; Xu, Dong; Ben-Ami, Sagi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Off-normal CO2 desorption from the photooxidation of CO on reduced TiO2(110)  

SciTech Connect

Photo-induced reactions between O2 and CO on reduced rutile TiO2(110) are studied at low temperature (~30K). Photon stimulated desorption (PSD) of O2, CO2 and CO are observed with comparable yields. Isotope labeling experiments indicate that O2 chemisorbed in a vacancy is more active for photooxidation than O2 chemisorbed on a Ti5c site. The angular distribution for the desorbing CO2 is peaked at ~40 with respect to the surface normal in the azimuth (i.e. perpendicular to the bridging oxygen rows) suggesting that CO2 is produced from O2 occupying an oxygen vacancy and CO adsorbed on a Ti5c site next to it. The experimental results are consistent with CO2 being produced from a transition state complex that has been predicted theoretically. The CO PSD from TiO2(110) is enhanced dramatically by the presence of chemisorbed O2 suggesting that it is a by-product of the CO photooxidation process.

Petrik, Nikolay G.; Kimmel, Gregory A.

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

Using direct normal irradiance models and utility electrical loading to assess benefit of a concentrating solar power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper was to determine if three different direct normal irradiance (DNI) models were sufficiently accurate to determine if concentrating solar power (CSP) plants could meet the utility electrical load. DNI data were measured at three different laboratories in the United States and compared with DNI calculated by three DNI models. In addition, utility electrical loading data were obtained for all three locations. The DNI models evaluated were: the Direct Insolation Simulation Code (DISC), DIRINT, and DIRINDEX. On an annual solar insolation (e.g. kWh/m2) basis, the accuracy of the DNI models at all three locations was within: 7% (DISC), 5% (DIRINT), and 3% (DIRINDEX). During the three highest electrical loading months at the three locations, the monthly accuracy varied from: 0% to 16% (DISC), 0% to 9% (DIRINT), and 0% to 8% (DIRINDEX). At one location different pyranometers were used to measure GHI, and the most expensive pyranometers did not improve the DNI model monthly accuracy. In lieu of actually measuring DNI, using the DIRINT model was felt to be sufficient for assessing whether to build a CSP plant at one location, but use of either the DIRINT or DIRINDEX models was felt to be marginal for the other two locations due to errors in modeling DNI for utility peak electrical loading days especially for partly cloudy days.

Brian D. Vick; Daryl R. Myers; William E. Boyson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Specific gene expression by extremely low-dose ionizing radiation which related to enhance proliferation of normal human diploid cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrated that X-ray irradiation at low doses of between 2 and 5 cGy stimulated proliferation of a normal human diploid. At low doses of between 2 and 5 cGy, ERK1/2 was phosphorylated as efficiently as at higher doses between 50 and 100 cGy of X-rays, while the p53 protein level was not increased by doses below 50 cGy. On the other hand, the p53 protein was efficiently accumulated at higher doses of X-ray more than 100 cGy. ERK1/2 was phosphorylated by doses over 50 cGy with increasing doses. We found that activated ERK1/2 augmented phosphorylation of the Elk-1 protein. Furthermore, over expression of ERK2 in NCI-H1299, and human lung carcinoma cells, potentiated enhanced proliferation, while down-regulation of ERK2 using the anti-sense ERK2 gene abrogated the stimulative effect of low-dose irradiation. These results indicate that a limited range of low-dose ionizing radiation differentially activate ERK1/2 kinases, which causes enhanced proliferation of cells receiving very low doses of ionizing radiation.

Masami Watanabe; Keiji Suzuki; Seiji Kodama

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Analysis of the influence of the normal zone propagation velocity on the design of resistive fault current limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Commercial high-temperature superconducting coated conductors (HTS-CCs) have low thermal diffusivity and nonuniform critical current density. These two factors lead commercial HTS-CCs to a partial quench when they are subjected to a transport current around their average critical current (). The consequence is the appearance of localized resistive zones, and a high risk of thermal runaway can arise when HTS-CCs are used for resistive fault current limiter (RFCL) purposes. The enhancement of the normal zone propagation velocity (NZPV) of HTS-CCs is a desirable solution for achieving sufficient thermal stability while keeping the cost of RFCLs under an acceptable threshold. Even though in recent years, several valid methods to increase the NZPV have been proposed, their impact on the design of RFCLs is not clear. For this reason, we developed a one-dimensional numerical model that enables us to simulate HTS-CCs with enhanced NZPV and to study the limitation performance of a HTS-CC-based RFCL in real operating conditions. Our preliminary re sults demonstrate that the NZPV enhancement can effectively limit the needed amount of HTS-CCs with important economic benefits for the design of RFCLs.

Daniele Colangelo; Bertrand Dutoit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Summary of recent experiments on focusing of target-normal-sheath-accelerated proton beam with a stack of conducting foils  

SciTech Connect

We present a summary of recent experiments on focusing of laser target-normal-sheath-accelerated (TNSA) proton beam with a stack of thin conducting foils. The experiments were performed using the Phelix laser (GSI-Darmstadt) and the Titan laser, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The phenomena consistent with self-collimation (or weak self-focusing) of TNSA protons were experimentally observed for the first time at the Phelix laser user facility, in a specially engineered structure ('lens') consisting of a stack of 300 thin aluminum foils separated by 50??m vacuum gaps. Follow up experiments using the Titan laser obtained results consistent with the collimation/focusing observed in the initial experiments using the Phelix. The Titan experiments employed improved, 25??m- and 50??m-gap targets and the new fine mesh diagnostic. All the experiments were carried out in a passive environment, i.e., no external fields were applied, and no neutralization plasma or injection of secondary charged particles was imposed. A plausible interpretation of the observed phenomena is that the combination of magnetic self-pinch forces generated by the beam current together with the simultaneous reduction of the repulsive electrostatic forces due to the conducting foils inhibits radial expansion of the beam.

Ni, P. A. [Luxim Corporation, Sunnyvale, California 94024 (United States) [Luxim Corporation, Sunnyvale, California 94024 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, California 94720 (United States); Alexander, N. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)] [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States); Barnard, J. J.; Lund, S. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, California 94550 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, California 94550 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

The normal state properties of nano-sized CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} added Bi-based superconductors in bipolaron model  

SciTech Connect

The effect of nano-sized CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} particles (10 nm in diameter) addition on the structure and the normal state transport properties of polycrystalline Bi-based superconductors were systematically studied. The additional amount, x wt.%, of CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} in this case varied from 0.0 to 1 wt.% of the total mass of the sample. Phase analysis by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Electrical resistance as a function of temperature, ?(T) were carried out. Nano-sized particles addition modifies the electrical behavior of the normal state with increasing the CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} concentration. The bipolaron model can explain properly the normal state resistivity of the samples.

Ben Salem, M. K.; Slimani, Y.; Hannachi, E.; Hamrita, A.; Ben Azzouz, F.; Ben Salem, M. [L3M, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, 7021 Zarzouna (Tunisia)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

326

A study of the kinetics and fate of zinc-65 and iron-59 mobilized from labeled ghosts by reticulocyte lysates of normal and cadmium-treated rabbits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STUDY OF THE KINETICS AND FATE OF ZINC ? 65 AND IRON-59 MOBILIZED FROM LABELED GHOSTS BY RETICULOCYTE LYSATES OF NORMAL AND CADMIUM-TREATED RABBITS A Thesis by KATHRYN NOEL McALEESE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1976 Major Subject: Biochemistry A STUDY OF THE KINETICS AND FATE OF ZINC-65 AND IRON-59 MOBILIZED FROM LABELED GHOSTS BY RETICULOCYTE LYSATES OF NORMAL AND CAIRIUM...

McAleese, Kathryn Noel

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Three-dimensional heart dose reconstruction to estimate normal tissue complication probability after breast irradiation using portal dosimetry  

SciTech Connect

Irradiation of the heart is one of the major concerns during radiotherapy of breast cancer. Three-dimensional (3D) treatment planning would therefore be useful but cannot always be performed for left-sided breast treatments, because CT data may not be available. However, even if 3D dose calculations are available and an estimate of the normal tissue damage can be made, uncertainties in patient positioning may significantly influence the heart dose during treatment. Therefore, 3D reconstruction of the actual heart dose during breast cancer treatment using electronic imaging portal device (EPID) dosimetry has been investigated. A previously described method to reconstruct the dose in the patient from treatment portal images at the radiological midsurface was used in combination with a simple geometrical model of the irradiated heart volume to enable calculation of dose-volume histograms (DVHs), to independently verify this aspect of the treatment without using 3D data from a planning CT scan. To investigate the accuracy of our method, the DVHs obtained with full 3D treatment planning system (TPS) calculations and those obtained after resampling the TPS dose in the radiological midsurface were compared for fifteen breast cancer patients for whom CT data were available. In addition, EPID dosimetry as well as 3D dose calculations using our TPS, film dosimetry, and ionization chamber measurements were performed in an anthropomorphic phantom. It was found that the dose reconstructed using EPID dosimetry and the dose calculated with the TPS agreed within 1.5% in the lung/heart region. The dose-volume histograms obtained with EPID dosimetry were used to estimate the normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) for late excess cardiac mortality. Although the accuracy of these NTCP calculations might be limited due to the uncertainty in the NTCP model, in combination with our portal dosimetry approach it allows incorporation of the actual heart dose. For the anthropomorphic phantom, and for fifteen patients for whom CT data were available to test our method, the average difference between the NTCP values obtained with our method and those resulting from the dose distributions calculated with the TPS was 0.1% {+-}0.3% (1 SD). Most NTCP values were 1%-2% lower than those obtained using the method described by Hurkmans et al. [Radiother. Oncol. 62, 163-171 (2002)], using the maximum heart distance determined from a simulator image as a single pre-treatment parameter. A similar difference between the two methods was found for twelve patients using in vivo EPID dosimetry; the average NTCP value obtained with EPID dosimetry was 0.9%, whereas an average NTCP value of 2.2% was derived using the method of Hurkmans et al. The results obtained in this study show that EPID dosimetry is well suited for in vivo verification of the heart dose during breast cancer treatment, and can be used to estimate the NTCP for late excess cardiac mortality. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study using portal dosimetry to calculate a DVH and NTCP of an organ at risk.

Louwe, R. J. W.; Wendling, M.; Herk, M. B. van; Mijnheer, B. J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Netherlands Cancer Institute/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Mechanical energy profiles of the combined anklefoot system in normal gait: Insights for prosthetic designs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Over the last half-century, the field of prosthetic engineering has continuously evolved with much attention being dedicated to restoring the mechanical energy properties of ankle joint musculatures during gait. However, the contributions of distal foot structures (e.g., foot muscles, plantar soft tissue) have been overlooked. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify the total mechanical energy profiles (e.g., power, work, and work-ratio) of the natural anklefoot system (NAFS) by combining the contributions of the ankle joint and all distal foot structures during stance in level-ground steady state walking across various speeds (0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0statures/s). The results from eleven healthy subjects walking barefoot indicated ankle joint and distal foot structures generally performed opposing roles: the ankle joint performed net positive work that systematically increased its energy generation with faster walking speeds, while the distal foot performed net negative work that systematically increased its energy absorption with faster walking speeds. Accounting for these simultaneous effects, the combined anklefoot system exhibited increased work-ratios with faster walking. Most notably, the work-ratio was not significantly greater than 1.0 during the normal walking speed of 0.8statures/s. Therefore, a prosthetic design that strategically exploits passive-dynamic properties (e.g., elastic energy storage and return) has the potential to replicate the mechanical energy profiles of the NAFS during level-ground steady-state walking.

Kota Z. Takahashi; Steven J. Stanhope

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Normalized Tritium Quantification Approach (NoTQA) a Method for Quantifying Tritium Contaminated Trash and Debris at LLNL  

SciTech Connect

Several facilities and many projects at LLNL work exclusively with tritium. These operations have the potential to generate large quantities of Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLW) with the same or similar radiological characteristics. A standardized documented approach to characterizing these waste materials for disposal as radioactive waste will enhance the ability of the Laboratory to manage them in an efficient and timely manner while ensuring compliance with all applicable regulatory requirements. This standardized characterization approach couples documented process knowledge with analytical verification and is very conservative, overestimating the radioactivity concentration of the waste. The characterization approach documented here is the Normalized Tritium Quantification Approach (NoTQA). This document will serve as a Technical Basis Document which can be referenced in radioactive waste characterization documentation packages such as the Information Gathering Document. In general, radiological characterization of waste consists of both developing an isotopic breakdown (distribution) of radionuclides contaminating the waste and using an appropriate method to quantify the radionuclides in the waste. Characterization approaches require varying degrees of rigor depending upon the radionuclides contaminating the waste and the concentration of the radionuclide contaminants as related to regulatory thresholds. Generally, as activity levels in the waste approach a regulatory or disposal facility threshold the degree of required precision and accuracy, and therefore the level of rigor, increases. In the case of tritium, thresholds of concern for control, contamination, transportation, and waste acceptance are relatively high. Due to the benign nature of tritium and the resulting higher regulatory thresholds, this less rigorous yet conservative characterization approach is appropriate. The scope of this document is to define an appropriate and acceptable characterization method for quantification of tritium contaminated trash and debris. The characterization technique is applicable to surface and subsurface tritium contaminated materials with surfaces amenable to swiping. Some limitations of this characterization technique are identified.

Dominick, J L; Rasmussen, C L

2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

330

Structures of disordered alkali chlorides in normal and compressed states: An isothermal-isobaric molecular-dynamics study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isothermal-isobaric molecular-dynamics simulations have been performed to investigate the glassy and liquid structures of two alkali chloride systems [mixture (LiCl)0.50(KCl)0.40(CsCl)0.10 and pure LiCl]. With the use of an ionic interaction model, the basic thermodynamic properties of the crystalline, liquid, and glassy states are successfully reproduced in the simulations. At normal pressure (101.3 MPa), it is found that the predominant short-range order in both systems is the LiCl4 tetrahedral units, each pair of which is mutually connected by sharing not only the vertices but also the edges of the tetrahedra. In the glassy and liquid states of LiCl-KCl-CsCl, the network structure is formed by polytetrahedral medium-range order (LiLi4) consisting of five connected LiCl4 tetrahedra. Some portions of this network are truncated by the K+ and Cs+ ions adjacent to the vertex Cl- ions. On the other hand, liquid and glassy LiCl has a disordered structure approximately analogous to zinc-blende structure, also including the wurtzitelike ionic arrangement. For LiCl in the amorphous and crystalline states, we performed isothermal-compression simulations up to 30 GPa. As in the experimental findings, no structural transformation occurs for the rocksalt LiCl crystal. The compression causes the crystallization of amorphous LiCl into rocksalt structure at more than 310 GPa with continuous structural change. This structural transformation is analogous to the pressure-induced polymorphic transition (zinc blende?rocksalt) that occurs in the crystals of more covalent compounds such as CdS.

Kenichi Kinugawa

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Local tunneling characteristics near a grain boundary of a d-wave superconductor as probed by a normal-metal or a low-Tc-superconductor STM tip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the local single-particle tunneling characteristics [as observed with scanning tunnel microscopy (STM)] for N D and S D tunneling, where N is a normal metal, S is a s-wave superconductor, and D is a d-wave superconductor with a {100...

Zhao, Hongwei

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

332

?C(n,?) ?C as a Test Case in the Evaluation of a New Method to Determine Spectroscopic Factors Using Asymptotic Normalization Coefficients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectroscopic factors (SFs) using the asymptotic normalization coefficient (ANC) to fix the external contribution of a nonperipheral reaction, reducing the uncertainty in the SF. The ?C[left right arrow]?C+n system was chosen as a test case for this new method...

McCleskey, Matthew Edgar

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

333

Red tide is an example of a Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB), which results from higher than normal growth of a tiny single-celled  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red tide is an example of a Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB), which results from higher than normal growth of a tiny single-celled dinoflagellate algae. Worldwide there are several algal species that can cause red, yellow, brown, and even green tide events. The species typically responsible for red tide blooms off

Watson, Craig A.

334

Correlation of hetorogeneous blood flow and uptake of a di-methyl-branched IODO fatty acid in the normal and ischemic dog heart  

SciTech Connect

Myocardial blood flow (MBF) is heterogeneously distributed in normal and ischemic myocardium (myoc). Methylated iodinated fatty acids, like 15-(p-I-125-iodophenyl)-3,3-dimethylpentadecanoic acid (DMIPPA) can be used to study fatty acid metabolism with SPECT. We studied the relationship between DMIPPA uptake and MBF. In 10 open-chest dogs, ischemica was induced in the LAD coronary artery by an extra-corporal bypass system. MBF was measured with Sc-46 labeled microspheres. Fourty min. after DMIPPA iv. (34{plus_minus}4 MBq), hearts were excised and left ventricles were cut into 120 pieces, weighed and radioactivities counted. MBF and DMIPPA uptake were determined by counting in normal and ischemic myoc. Heterogeneity is expressed as the coefficient of variation (CV) and agreement as the CV of the DMIPPA uptake to MBF ratio. A control study, normal flow in LAD, in 4 dogs revealed no differences in MBF or DMIPPA uptake between the cannulated versus native perfused myoc. We conclude the DMIPPA detects ischemia, in which it shows a different relation with MBF compared to normal myoc. DMIPPA is less heterogeneously distributed than MBF and agreement between MFB and DMIPPA uptake decreases during ischemia.

Sloof, G.W.; Visser, F.C.; Comans, E.F.I. [Free Univ. Hospital, Amsterdam (Netherlands)]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Evaluation of Addition of Alkaline Solutions on Overall Quality and Functionality of Normal and Pale, Soft, and Exudative (PSE) Pork Gels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. As treatment levels increased, gels had higher pH, and lower L*, a*, and b* values. SP gels had lower pH, WHC, cook yields, and higher L*, a*, b*, and TPA values compared to PB, SB, PC, and SC gels. PC and SC gels had higher cook yields than normal control gels...

Garza, Sonia Yvette

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

336

Remodeling of fiber and laminar architecture of rat heart septum in a transitional normal state between pressure overload hypertrophy and failure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the response of the myocardium to a change in its mechanical environment. Hence to assess growth and remodeling processes in the myocardium, the fiber and myolaminar structure of two groups of Dahl salt-sensitive rats were compared: low salt (LS) normal...

Hegde, Bharati Krishna

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

337

Near-Region Modification of Total Pressure Fluctuations by a Normal Shock Wave in a Low-Density Hypersonic Wind Tunnel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

anem Anemometer avg Average c Cutoff e Equilibrium Conditions l Laminar max Maximum x min Minimum norm Normalized o Total/Stagnation Conditions off Offset rms Root Mean Square s Shock Conditions t Total Conditions / Turbulent / Throat.... ...................................................... 94 Figure 42. Traverse and mounted strut. ..................................................................... 96 Figure 43. Traverse vertical strut schematic. ............................................................. 97 Figure 44. Traverse...

Mai, Chi Luong Nhat

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Efficient and simpler method to construct normalized cDNA libraries with improved representations of full-length cDNAs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a method to normalize a cDNA library comprising: (a) constructing a directionally cloned library containing cDNA inserts wherein the insert is capable of being amplified by polymerase chain reaction; (b) converting a double-stranded cDNA library into single-stranded DNA circles; (c) generating single-stranded nucleic acid molecules complementary to the single-stranded DNA circles converted in step (b) by polymerase chain reaction with appropriate primers; (d) hybridizing the single-stranded DNA circles converted in step (b) with the complementary single-stranded nucleic acid molecules generated in step (c) to produce partial duplexes to an appropriate Cot; and (e) separating the unhybridized single-stranded DNA circles from the hybridized DNA circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. This invention also provides a method to normalize a cDNA library wherein the generating of single-stranded nucleic acid molecules complementary to the single-stranded DNA circles converted in step (b) is by excising cDNA inserts from the double-stranded cDNA library; purifying the cDNA inserts from cloning vectors; and digesting the cDNA inserts with an exonuclease. This invention further provides a method to construct a subtractive cDNA library following the steps described above. This invention further provides normalized and/or subtractive cDNA libraries generated by the above methods.

Soares, Marcelo Bento (New York, NY); Bonaldo, Maria de Fatima (New York, NY)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Asymptotic normalization coefficients for 14N+p -> O-15 and the astrophysical S factor for N-14(p, gamma)O-15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-temperature firm a significantly lower production rate of 15O than was 9909787, PHY-0140343, and PHY-007091, ME 385~2000! ASYMPTOTIC NORMALIZATION COEFFICIENTS FOR . . . PHYSICAL REVIEW C 67, 065804 ~2003! @1# C. Rolfs and W. S. Rodney Cauldrons in the Cosmos...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Bem, P.; Brown, BA; Burjan, V.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Kroha, V.; Novak, J.; Nunes, FM; Paskor, S.; Pirlepesov, F.; Simeckova, E.; Tribble, Robert E.; Vincour, J.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Structural change associated with the incommensurate-normal phase transition in akermanite, Ca2MgSi2O7, at high pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...?The structural changes associated with the incommensurate (IC)-normal (N) phase transition in akermanite have been studied with high-pressure single-...a and c axes are 0.00280(10) and 0.00418(6)?GPa?1 for th...

Hexiong Yang; Robert M. Hazen; Robert T. Downs

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Gamma-amino Butyric Acid (GABA) Prevents the Induction of Nicotinic ReceptorRegulated Signaling by Chronic Ethanol in Pancreatic Cancer Cells and Normal Duct Epithelia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Receptor-Regulated Signaling by Chronic Ethanol in Pancreatic Cancer Cells and Normal...this autocrine regulatory loop by chronic ethanol and explored the potential prevention...show that treatment for seven days with ethanol induced the protein expression and sensitivity...

Mohammed H. Al-Wadei; Hussein A.N. Al-Wadei; Hildegard M. Schuller

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Individualized 3D Reconstruction of Normal Tissue Dose for Patients With Long-term Follow-up: A Step Toward Understanding Dose Risk for Late Toxicity  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Understanding the relationship between normal tissue dose and delayed radiation toxicity is an important component of developing more effective radiation therapy. Late outcome data are generally available only for patients who have undergone 2-dimensional (2D) treatment plans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 3D normal tissue dosimetry derived from reconstructed 2D treatment plans in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients. Methods and Materials: Three-dimensional lung, heart, and breast volumes were reconstructed from 2D planning radiographs for HL patients who received mediastinal radiation therapy. For each organ, a reference 3D organ was modified with patient-specific structural information, using deformable image processing software. Radiation therapy plans were reconstructed by applying treatment parameters obtained from patient records to the reconstructed 3D volumes. For each reconstructed organ mean dose (D{sub mean}) and volumes covered by at least 5 Gy (V{sub 5}) and 20Gy (V{sub 20}) were calculated. This process was performed for 15 patients who had both 2D and 3D planning data available to compare the reconstructed normal tissue doses with those derived from the primary CT planning data and also for 10 historically treated patients with only 2D imaging available. Results: For patients with 3D planning data, the normal tissue doses could be reconstructed accurately using 2D planning data. Median differences in D{sub mean} between reconstructed and actual plans were 0.18 Gy (lungs), -0.15 Gy (heart), and 0.30 Gy (breasts). Median difference in V{sub 5} and V{sub 20} were less than 2% for each organ. Reconstructed 3D dosimetry was substantially higher in historical mantle-field treatments than contemporary involved-field mediastinal treatments: average D{sub mean} values were 15.2 Gy vs 10.6 Gy (lungs), 27.0 Gy vs 14.3 Gy (heart), and 8.0 Gy vs 3.2 Gy (breasts). Conclusions: Three-dimensional reconstruction of absorbed dose to organs at risk can be estimated accurately many years after exposure by using limited 2D data. Compared to contemporary involved-field treatments, normal tissue doses were significantly higher in historical mantle-field treatments. These methods build capacity to quantify the relationship between 3D normal tissue dose and observed late effects.

Ng, Angela [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Brock, Kristy K.; Sharpe, Michael B. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Moseley, Joanne L. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Craig, Tim [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Hodgson, David C., E-mail: David.Hodgson@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

In vitro and in vivo analysis of differential gene expression between normal norfolk terrier dogs and those with an autosomal recessive mutation in KRT10  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

filament assembly (Steinert et al, 1993) The type II keratins have two additional subdomains, H1 and H2 located between the rod domain and the V1 and V 2 domain, respectively (Smith, 2003). Type I keratins do not contain a homologous (H) region... of the epidermis. The normal basal layer Figure 1. Structure of a type II keratin. Helical Rod Domain E1 V1 H1 1A L1 1B L12 L1 C-terminal Domain N-terminal Domain 2A 2B V 2 E2 5 Contains keratins 5 and 14 while keratins 1, 2e...

Barnhart, Kirstin Faye

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Geology of the McMillan Ranch in Mason, Texas: An Assessment of the Nature of Normal Faults in the Mason Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is determined based upon the orientation of the subsidiary normal faults in its hanging wall. A detailed study of the geology of the McMillan Ranch and the surrounding area, including a geologic history of the area, geologic map and cross section..., and the pasture that was chosen for this study was best represented at a scale of 1:7,000. At such a large scale, it was necessary to recognize precisely where in the stratigraphic section the mapper was located, as some subsidiary faults were recognized...

Harper, Rebecca Anne

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

345

Determination of the direct capture contribution for N-13(p,gamma)O-14 from the O-14 -> N-13+p asymptotic normalization coefficient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determination of the direct capture contribution for 13N?p ,g?14O from the 14O\\ 13N+p asymptotic normalization coefficient Xiaodong Tang* Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA and Physics Division, Argonne... National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA A. Azhari, Changbo Fu, C. A. Gagliardi, A. M Mukhamedzhanov, F. Pirlepesov, L. Trache, and R. E. Tribble Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA V. Burjan and V. Kroha...

Tang, XD; Azhari, A.; Fu, CB; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Pirlepesov, F.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Burjan, V.; Kroha, V.; Carstoiu, F.; Irgaziev, BF.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Construction of a normalized directionally cloned cDNA library from adult heart and analysis of 3040 clones by partial sequencing  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale sequencing of clones from cDNA libraries derived from specific tissues is a rapid and efficient way of discovering novel genes expressed in those tissues. However, because the heart is continually contracting and relaxing, it strongly expresses muscle contractile genes and/or mitochondrial genes, a bias that reduces the efficiency of this method. To improve the efficiency of identifying novel genes expressed in the heart, we constructed a normalized directionally cloned cDNA library from adult heart and partially sequenced 3040 clones. Comparisons of these sequence data with known, 23.4% were identical or almost identical to human expressed sequence tags (ESTs), 14.2% bore no significant homology to any sequences in the database, and 1.2% represented repetitive sequences. The remaining 4.1% showed some homology with known gene, and Northern blot analysis of several clones in this category revealed that most of them were expressed mainly in the heart and skeletal muscle. After redundancy was excluded, the 3040 clones accounted for 1395 distinctive ESTs, 446 of which exhibited no match to any known sequence. Our results suggest that our normalized library is less redundant than standard libraries and is a useful resource for cataloging genes expressed in the heart. 19 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Tanaka, Toshihiro [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)] [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); [Univ. of Tokyo School of Medicine, Hongo (Japan); Ogiwara, Atsushi; Uchiyama, Ikuo [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)] [and others] [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); and others

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Selection of a tightened-normal-tightened system for given values of the acceptable quality level and limiting quality level using weighted Poisson distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since the first acceptance sampling plans have been developed 80 years ago, a number of selection principles have emerged. The majority of these principles are characterised by the fact that they look upon producer and consumer as two opposing parties. However, in many occasions, e.g., in final inspection, producer and consumer represent the same party and, therefore, the used sampling plan should not make an attempt to discriminate between their interests. In this case, the interest is to avoid wrong decisions, i.e., reject product of sufficient quality and accept product of insufficient quality. Thus, the natural objective in these cases is to use overall risk for a wrong decision as optimisation criteria. Optimum result can be arrived further by the weighted Poisson distribution. In this paper, a table and procedure are given for finding the tightened-normal-tightened system involving minimum sum of producer's and consumer's risks for specified acceptable quality level and limiting quality level using the weighted Poisson distribution. This is the case with the tightened-normal-tightened system for given acceptable quality level and limiting quality level involving minimum risks using the weighted Poisson distribution.

K. Subramani; V. Haridoss

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Normally admissible partitions and calculation of normal cones to a ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 27, 2014 ... ... that J? contains one element, an empty (zero-dimensional) vector. For any integer vectors Ic = (in1 ,...,inL ) and J = (Jn1 ,...,JnL ) ? JIc put. ?J.

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

349

March 23, 2008 DB:Normalization 1 Normalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) into table format with columns and rows. Example: Dname Dnumber DMGRSSN Dlocations Research 5 222 Dammam Dlocations Research 5 222 Dammam, Khobar, Dhahran Administration 4 333 Jubail Dname Dnumber DMGRSSN Dlocations Research 5 222 Dammam Research 5 222 Khobar Research 5 222 Dhahran Administration 4 333 Jubail UNF

Adam, Salah

350

Verification of TG-61 dose for synchrotron-produced monochromatic x-ray beams using fluence-normalized MCNP5 calculations  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Ion chamber dosimetry is being used to calibrate dose for cell irradiations designed to investigate photoactivated Auger electron therapy at the Louisiana State University Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devices (CAMD) synchrotron facility. This study performed a dosimetry intercomparison for synchrotron-produced monochromatic x-ray beams at 25 and 35 keV. Ion chamber depth-dose measurements in a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) phantom were compared with the product of MCNP5 Monte Carlo calculations of dose per fluence and measured incident fluence. Methods: Monochromatic beams of 25 and 35 keV were generated on the tomography beamline at CAMD. A cylindrical, air-equivalent ion chamber was used to measure the ionization created in a 10 Multiplication-Sign 10 Multiplication-Sign 10-cm{sup 3} PMMA phantom for depths from 0.6 to 7.7 cm. The American Association of Physicists in Medicine TG-61 protocol was applied to convert measured ionization into dose. Photon fluence was determined using a NaI detector to make scattering measurements of the beam from a thin polyethylene target at angles 30 Degree-Sign -60 Degree-Sign . Differential Compton and Rayleigh scattering cross sections obtained from xraylib, an ANSI C library for x-ray-matter interactions, were applied to derive the incident fluence. MCNP5 simulations of the irradiation geometry provided the dose deposition per photon fluence as a function of depth in the phantom. Results: At 25 keV the fluence-normalized MCNP5 dose overestimated the ion-chamber measured dose by an average of 7.2 {+-} 3.0%-2.1 {+-} 3.0% for PMMA depths from 0.6 to 7.7 cm, respectively. At 35 keV the fluence-normalized MCNP5 dose underestimated the ion-chamber measured dose by an average of 1.0 {+-} 3.4%-2.5 {+-} 3.4%, respectively. Conclusions: These results showed that TG-61 ion chamber dosimetry, used to calibrate dose output for cell irradiations, agreed with fluence-normalized MCNP5 calculations to within approximately 7% and 3% at 25 and 35 keV, respectively.

Brown, Thomas A. D.; Hogstrom, Kenneth R.; Alvarez, Diane; Matthews, Kenneth L. II; Ham, Kyungmin [Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center, 4950 Essen Lane, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70809 and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University and A and M College, 202 Nicholson Hall, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University and A and M College, 202 Nicholson Hall, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devices, Louisiana State University and A and M College, 6980 Jefferson Highway, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70806 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Nodal Lines of Normal Components of Scattered Fields on Surfaces of Boiler Pipelines with Arbitrary Positions of Flawed Areas with Respect to External Magnetic Field Perpendicular to Their Axes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper reports on an investigation of the effect of a awed area configuration with respect to an applied weak magnetic field perpendicular to the pipe axis on the pattern of nodal lines of the resulting normal...

V. G. Kuleev; A. A. Dubov; V. V. Lopatin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Tantalum and vanadium response to shock-wave loading at normal and elevated temperatures. Non-monotonous decay of the elastic wave in vanadium  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of the elastic precursor waves in pure tantalum and vanadium is presented at normal and elevated temperatures over propagation distances that ranged from 0.125 to 3?mm. Measurements were performed in order to obtain experimental data about the temperature-rate dependence of the yield stress of the two metals. With increasing propagation distance, the rate of the decay of elastic precursor decreases, as the shear stress in the elastic precursor wave approaches the Peierls stresses. It has been found that the decay, with propagation distance, of the post-spike minimum of the spike-like elastic precursor wave in vanadium is essentially non-monotonous. The experiments also revealed that annealing of tantalum and vanadium increases their Hugoniot elastic limit. The anomalous increase of the high strain rate yield stress with temperature, as observed earlier for some FCC and HCP metals, has not been detected in these measurements.

Zaretsky, E. B. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ben Gurion University, 84105 Beer Sheva (Israel); Kanel, G. I. [Joint Institute for High Temperatures RAS, Izhorskaya 13, bld.2, 125412 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

353

Measurement of the Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry in Deep-Inelastic Scattering from the Reaction $^{3}\\mathrm{He}^{\\uparrow}(e,e')X$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the first measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the inclusive reaction $^3$He$^{\\uparrow}\\left(e,e' \\right)X$ on a polarized $^3$He gas target. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero in the Born approximation but can be non-zero if two-photon-exchange contributions are included. The experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.89 GeV electron beam, covers a range of $1.7 2$ GeV, which is non-zero at the $2.89\\sigma$ level. Our measured asymmetry agrees both in sign and magnitude with a two-photon-exchange model prediction that uses input from the Sivers transverse momentum distribution obtained from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering.

J. Katich; X. Qian; Y. X. Zhao; K. Allada; K. Aniol; J. R. M. Annand; T. Averett; F. Benmokhtar; W. Bertozzi; P. C. Bradshaw; P. Bosted; A. Camsonne; M. Canan; G. D. Cates; C. Chen; J. -P. Chen; W. Chen; K. Chirapatpimol; E. Chudakov; E. Cisbani; J. C. Cornejo; F. Cusanno; M. M. Dalton; W. Deconinck; C. W. de Jager; R. De Leo; X. Deng; A. Deur; H. Ding; P. A. M. Dolph; C. Dutta; D. Dutta; L. El Fassi; S. Frullani; H. Gao; F. Garibaldi; D. Gaskell; S. Gilad; R. Gilman; O. Glamazdin; S. Golge; L. Guo; D. Hamilton; O. Hansen; D. W. Higinbotham; T. Holmstrom; J. Huang; M. Huang; H. F. Ibrahim; M. Iodice; X. Jiang; G. Jin; M. K. Jones; A. Kelleher; W. Kim; A. Kolarkar; W. Korsch; J. J. LeRose; X. Li; Y. Li; R. Lindgren; N. Liyanage; E. Long; H. -J. Lu; D. J. Margaziotis; P. Markowitz; S. Marrone; D. McNulty; Z. -E. Meziani; R. Michaels; B. Moffit; C. Mu?oz Camacho; S. Nanda; A. Narayan; V. Nelyubin; B. Norum; Y. Oh; M. Osipenko; D. Parno; J. C. Peng; S. K. Phillips; M. Posik; A. J. R. Puckett; Y. Qiang; A. Rakhman; R. D. Ransome; S. Riordan; A. Saha; B. Sawatzky; E. Schulte; A. Shahinyan; M. H. Shabestari; S. irca; S. Stepanyan; R. Subedi; V. Sulkosky; L. -G. Tang; A. Tobias; G. M. Urciuoli; I. Vilardi; K. Wang; Y. Wang; B. Wojtsekhowski; X. Yan; H. Yao; Y. Ye; Z. Ye; L. Yuan; X. Zhan; Y. Zhang; Y. -W. Zhang; B. Zhao; X. Zheng; L. Zhu; X. Zhu; X. Zong

2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

354

Comparative studies of optical and elastic properties of ZrO{sub 2} thin films prepared under normal and oblique incidence deposition geometries  

SciTech Connect

Oblique angle deposited optical thin films have attracted recent researchers interest because of their attractive optical, micro-structural, mechanical properties and more importantly because of their great potential in achieving tunability in refractive index. These properties in turn make it important in case of designing different optical devices. In the present work, ZrO{sub 2} thin films have been deposited on fused silica substrate by electron beam evaporation technique in normal as well as oblique angle deposition configurations. Optical properties, especially refractive index of the films have been estimated by fitting the measured transmission spectra with suitable theoretical dispersion models. Atomic force microscopy has been employed to characterize morphological properties of samples. The elastic properties of both the films are estimated by Atomic Force Acoustic Microscopy, a new and highly sensitive technique for thin films.

Sarkar, P., E-mail: piyali.sarkar4@gmail.com; Tokas, R. B., E-mail: piyali.sarkar4@gmail.com; Jena, S., E-mail: piyali.sarkar4@gmail.com; Thakur, S., E-mail: piyali.sarkar4@gmail.com; Sahoo, N. K., E-mail: piyali.sarkar4@gmail.com [Atomic and Molecular Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

355

Normal Growth of Range Cattle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR College Station, Brazos County, Texas BULLETIN NO. 409 MARCH, 1930 DIVISION OF RANGE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY - Lr9RARv' *n+!nmt">3~roql f', 44+lpl,9-' . 16' , ,, ..!c?! cq!!f?~c nt... of these special problems, the Texas Station presents in this Bulletin a study of the growth in weight and in measurements which actually took place in the calves born during nine years at Substation No. 14, the Ranch Experiment Station. This study so far has...

Lush, Jay L. (Jay Laurence)

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Daily Normal Precipitation - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Station Real Time Met Data from Around the Site Current HMS Observations Daily HMS Extremes in Met Data Met and Climate Data Summary Products Historical Weather Charts Contacts...

357

Size distributions of fly ash using Coulter Multisizer: Use of multiple orifices and fitting to truncated log-normal distributions. [Coulter Multisizer  

SciTech Connect

Fly ash particles, which are predominantly spherical and glassy, are produced by melting of the mineral inclusions in the coal during combustion. Particle diameters can range from sub-micrometer (micron or {mu}m) to greater than 100 {mu}m. The size distribution of fly ash is needed to determine its role in the radiation transfer process in pulverized coal combustors. The Coulter Multisizer is an useful instrument for sizing powders with a broad size distribution. A single Multisizer orifice can size particles only within a specific size range limited at the lower end to a few percent of orifice diameter by sensitivity and at the upper end by increasing non-linearity of the signal-volume relation. A scheme for combining data obtained using orifices of different diameters is described. The manufacturers state that the smallest particle which can be sized accurately is nominally 2% of the diameter of the orifice. However, it was found that the data for particles less than 4% of the orifice diameter were not reliable. In order to use the smaller orifices, the larger particles have to be removed from the sample. A wet-sieving apparatus, designed for accurate separation of the particles by size, is described. A log-normal distribution function, truncated outside the measurement limits, fits the size distribution data well. Size parameters for fly ashes of six representative US coals are presented.

Ghosal, S.; Ebert, J.L.; Self, S.A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Prediction of radiation-induced liver disease by Lyman normal-tissue complication probability model in three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy for primary liver carcinoma  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To describe the probability of RILD by application of the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman normal-tissue complication (NTCP) model for primary liver carcinoma (PLC) treated with hypofractionated three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT). Methods and Materials: A total of 109 PLC patients treated by 3D-CRT were followed for RILD. Of these patients, 93 were in liver cirrhosis of Child-Pugh Grade A, and 16 were in Child-Pugh Grade B. The Michigan NTCP model was used to predict the probability of RILD, and then the modified Lyman NTCP model was generated for Child-Pugh A and Child-Pugh B patients by maximum-likelihood analysis. Results: Of all patients, 17 developed RILD in which 8 were of Child-Pugh Grade A, and 9 were of Child-Pugh Grade B. The prediction of RILD by the Michigan model was underestimated for PLC patients. The modified n, m, TD{sub 5} (1) were 1.1, 0.28, and 40.5 Gy and 0.7, 0.43, and 23 Gy for patients with Child-Pugh A and B, respectively, which yielded better estimations of RILD probability. The hepatic tolerable doses (TD{sub 5}) would be MDTNL of 21 Gy and 6 Gy, respectively, for Child-Pugh A and B patients. Conclusions: The Michigan model was probably not fit to predict RILD in PLC patients. A modified Lyman NTCP model for RILD was recommended.

Xu ZhiYong [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Cancer Hospital, Shanghai (China); Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Liang Shixiong [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Cancer Hospital, Shanghai (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning (China); Zhu Ji [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Cancer Hospital, Shanghai (China); Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Zhu Xiaodong [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning (China); Zhao Jiandong [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Cancer Hospital, Shanghai (China); Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Lu Haijie [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning (China); Yang Yunli [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning (China); Chen Long [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning (China); Wang Anyu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning (China); Fu Xiaolong [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Cancer Hospital, Shanghai (China); Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Jiang Guoliang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Cancer Hospital, Shanghai (China) and Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University, Shanghai (China)]. E-mail: jianggl@21cn.com

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Study of power distribution in the CZP, HFP and normal operation states of VVER-1000 (Bushehr) nuclear reactor core by coupling nuclear codes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this research, the simulation of one-sixth of VVER-1000 (Bushehr) reactor core is carried out by WIMS-D4 nuclear code, based on symmetry of core and also by information obtained from FSAR. The cross sections of some nuclides are obtained by WIMS-D4 from the beginning of cycle (BOC) to the end of cycle (EOC), and they are transferred into the CITATION code as inputs. In the next stage, the amounts of neutron fluxes and power of reactor core are obtained by CITATION code in the CZP and HFP states. Then, the received products are returned again into the extended program cycle, thereby distributions of neutron fluxes and power are finally depicted. In the meantime, the space distribution of neutron fluxes and power throughout the core are presented during the normal operation by this simulation. It can be inferred that if the reactor operation continues, a flat power distribution will be made in the reactor core that might cause maximum power.

Mohsen Rafiei Karahroudi; Seyed Alireza Mousavi Shirazi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Ultrasound guided fluorescence molecular tomography with improved quantification by an attenuation compensated born-normalization and in vivo preclinical study of cancer  

SciTech Connect

Ultrasound imaging, having the advantages of low-cost and non-invasiveness over MRI and X-ray CT, was reported by several studies as an adequate complement to fluorescence molecular tomography with the perspective of improving localization and quantification of fluorescent molecular targets in vivo. Based on the previous work, an improved dual-modality Fluorescence-Ultrasound imaging system was developed and then validated in imaging study with preclinical tumor model. Ultrasound imaging and a profilometer were used to obtain the anatomical prior information and 3D surface, separately, to precisely extract the tissue boundary on both sides of sample in order to achieve improved fluorescence reconstruction. Furthermore, a pattern-based fluorescence reconstruction on the detection side was incorporated to enable dimensional reduction of the dataset while keeping the useful information for reconstruction. Due to its putative role in the current imaging geometry and the chosen reconstruction technique, we developed an attenuation compensated Born-normalization method to reduce the attenuation effects and cancel off experimental factors when collecting quantitative fluorescence datasets over large area. Results of both simulation and phantom study demonstrated that fluorescent targets could be recovered accurately and quantitatively using this reconstruction mechanism. Finally, in vivo experiment confirms that the imaging system associated with the proposed image reconstruction approach was able to extract both functional and anatomical information, thereby improving quantification and localization of molecular targets.

Li, Baoqiang; Berti, Romain; Abran, Maxime; Lesage, Frdric, E-mail: frederic.lesage@polymtl.ca [Institute of Biomedical Engineering, cole Polytechnique de Montral, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3A7 (Canada) [Institute of Biomedical Engineering, cole Polytechnique de Montral, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3A7 (Canada); Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Quebec H1T 1C8 (Canada)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Measurement of the Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry in Deep-Inelastic Scattering from the Reaction 3He{uparrow}(e,e')X  

SciTech Connect

We report the first measurement of the target single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the inclusive reaction 3He{uparrow}(e,e')X on a 3He gas target polarized normal to the lepton plane. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero in the Born approximation. The experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.89 GeV electron beam, covers a range of 1.72 GeV, which is non-zero at the 2.75sigma level. Theoretical calculations, which assume two-photon exchange with quasi-free quarks, predict a neutron asymmetry of O(10?4) when both photons couple to one quark, and O(10?2) for the photons coupling to different quarks. Our measured asymmetry agrees both in sign and magnitude with the prediction that uses input based on the Sivers transverse momentum distribution obtained from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering.

Katich, Joseph; Qian, Xin; Zhao, Yuxiang; Allada, Kalyan; Aniol, Konrad; Annand, John; Averett, Todd; Benmokhtar, Fatiha; Bertozzi, William; Bradshaw, Elliott; Bosted, Peter; Camsonne, Alexandre; Canan, Mustafa; Cates, Gordon; Chen, Chunhua; Chen, Jian-Ping; Chen, Wei; Chirapatpimol, Khem; Chudakov, Eugene; Cisbani, Evaristo; Cornejo, Juan; Cusanno, Francesco; Dalton, Mark; Deconinck, Wouter; De Jager, Cornelis; De Leo, Raffaele; Deng, Xiaoyan; Deur, Alexandre; Ding, Huaibo; Dolph, Peter; Dutta, Chiranjib; Dutta, Dipangkar; El Fassi, Lamiaa; Frullani, Salvatore; Gao, Haiyan; Garibaldi, Franco; Gaskell, David; Gilad, Gilad; Gilman, Ronald; Glamazdin, Oleksandr; Golge, Serkan; Guo, Lei; Hamilton, David; Hansen, Jens-Ole; Higinbotham, Douglas; Holmstrom, Timothy; Huang, Jijun; Huang, Min; Ibrahim Abdalla, Hassan; Iodice, Mauro; Jin, Ge; Jones, Mark; Kelleher, Aidan; Kim, Wooyoung; Kolarkar, Ameya; Korsch, Wolfgang; LeRose, John; Li, Xiaomei; Li, Y.; Lindgren, Richard; Liyanage, Nilanga; Long, Elena; Lu, Hai-jiang; Margaziotis, Demetrius; Markowitz, Pete; Marrone, Stefano; McNulty, Dustin; Meziani, Zein-Eddine; Michaels, Robert; Moffit, Bryan; Munoz Camacho, Carlos; Nanda, Sirish; Narayan, Amrendra; Nelyubin, Vladimir; Norum, Blaine; Oh, Yoomin; Osipenko, Mikhail; Parno, Diana; Peng, Jen-chieh; Phillips, Sarah; Posik, Matthew; Puckett, Andrew; Qiang, Yi; Rakhman, Abdurahim; Ransome, Ronald; Riordan, Seamus; Saha, Arunava; Sawatzky, Bradley; Schulte, Elaine; Shahinyan, Albert; Hashemi Shabestari, Mitra; Sirca, Simon; Stepanyan, Stepan; Subedi, Ramesh; Sulkosky, Vincent; Tang, Liguang; Tobias, William; Urciuoli, Guido; Vilardi, Ignazio; Wang, Kebin; Wang, Y.; Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan; Yan, X; Yao, Huan; Ye, Yunxiu; Ye, Z.; Yuan, Lulin; Zhan, Xiaohui; Zhang, Yi; Zhang, Y.-W.; Zhao, Bo; Zheng, Xiaochao; Zhu, Lingyan; Zhu, Xiaofeng; Zong, Xing

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Central ghrelin treatment stimulates ACTH cells in normal-fed, food-restricted and high-fed rats: An immunohistomorphometric and hormonal study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Changes in feeding regime represent serious stress, while ghrelin is considered a key player in energy balance. We investigated the effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) ghrelin application on pituitary adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) cells in rats fed diets differing in energy content. Before the ICV treatment, male Wistar rats were subjected to three different feeding regimes for 4 weeks: normal-fed (NF), food-restricted (FR) or high-fed (HF) (n=3נ14). At the age of 8 weeks, rats from each group were divided into two subgroups and given ICV, either ghrelin (G; 1?g ghrelin/5?l PBS, n=7) or solvent alone (5?l PBS, n=7) every 24h for 5 days. The immunohistochemical appearance and quantitative morphology of pituitary ACTH cells were evaluated, as well as peripheral ACTH and corticosterone levels. Central ghrelin administration increased (p<0.05) ACTH cell volumes in GNF, GFR and GHF rats by 8.1%, 11.8% and 9.1%, respectively, compared to the controls, while significant increases in ACTH cell volume density were observed in GNF and GHF rats. Circulating ACTH and corticosterone levels were elevated (p<0.05) in GNF and GFR rats by 72.8% and 80.8%, respectively, when compared to the corresponding controls. Thus, central ghrelin administration stimulated the pituitary-adrenal axis under preserved and negative energy balance states.

Verica Miloevi?; Vladimir Ajdanovi?; Dejan Nei?; Vesna Star?evi?; Branko Filipovi?; Rastko Rako?evi?; Darko Stevanovi?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Deviations from Fermi-liquid behavior in (2+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics and the normal phase of high-Tc superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We argue that the gauge-fermion interaction in multiflavor quantum electrodynamics in (2+1) dimensions is responsible for non-Fermi-liquid behavior in the infrared, in the sense of leading to the existence of a nontrivial (quasi)fixed point that lies between the trivial fixed point (at infinite momenta) and the region where dynamical symmetry breaking and mass generation occurs. This quasifixed-point structure implies slowly varying, rather than fixed, couplings in the intermediate regime of momenta, a situation which resembles that of (four-dimensional) "walking technicolor" models of particle physics. The inclusion of wave-function renormalization yields marginal O(1N) corrections to the "bulk" non-Fermi-liquid behavior caused by the gauge inter-action in the limit of infinite flavor number. Such corrections lead to the appearance of modified critical exponents. In particular, at low temperatures there appear to be logarithmic scaling violations of the linear resistivity of the system of order O(1N). The connection with the anomalous normal-state properties of certain condensed-matter systems relevant for high-temperature superconductivity is briefly discussed. The relevance of the large (flavor) N expansion to the Fermi-liquid problem is emphasized. As a partial result of our analysis, we point out the absence of charge-density-wave instabilities from the effective low-energy theory, as a consequence of gauge invariance.

I. J. R. Aitchison and N. E. Mavromatos

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

CO excitation of normal star forming galaxies out to $z=1.5$ as regulated by the properties of their interstellar medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the CO excitation of normal star forming galaxies at $z=1.5$ using IRAM PdBI observations of the CO[2-1], CO[3-2] and CO[5-4] transitions for 4 galaxies, and VLA observations of CO[1-0] for 3 of them, measuring reliable line fluxes with S/N$>4$-7 for individual transitions. While the average CO Spectral Line Energy Distribution (SLED) has a sub-thermal excitation similar to the Milky Way (MW) up to CO[3-2], we show that the average CO[5-4] emission is 4 times stronger than assuming MW excitation. This demonstrates the presence of an additional component of more excited, denser and possibly warmer molecular gas. The ratio of CO[5-4] to lower-J CO emission is however lower than in local (U)LIRGs and high-redshift starbursting SMGs, and appears to correlate closely with the average intensity of the radiation field $$ and with the star formation surface density, but not with SF efficiency (SFE). This suggests that the overall CO excitation is at least indirectly affected by the metallicity of the I...

Daddi, E; Liu, D; Aravena, M; Bournaud, F; Walter, F; Riechers, D; Magdis, G; Sargent, M; Bthermin, M; Carilli, C; Cibinel, A; Dickinson, M; Elbaz, D; Gao, Y; Gobat, R; Hodge, J; Krips, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Effect of glucose and pH on the microbial flora and sensory characteristics of normal and dark, firm, dry beef steaks displayed in polyvinyl chloride film and in vacuum packages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ches ser, B. S. , Texas AEVI Uni vers i ty Cha1rman of Advisory Comm1ttee: Dr. C. Vanderzant Normal and DFD beef steaks with and without added glucose or ac1d (1. 3M disod1um c1trate or 1. 3M d1sodium c1trate - 1. 5M lactic acid) were packaged... of the meat to the meat surface. The average glucose concentration of normal, unstressed beef is approx1mately 100 ug/g of meat (wet weight) w1th an ultimate muscle pH of approximately 5. 5 (13). Animals which have undergone prolonged muscular act1vity...

Chesser, Linda Kay

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Optical spectroscopy can quantify the tissue composition of normal and malignant breast tissues. Our multi-disciplinary group is seeking to utilize optical technology for the intra-operative assessment of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical spectroscopy can quantify the tissue composition of normal and malignant breast tissues-operative assessment of tumor margins during breast-conserving surgery (BCS) due to the high re-excision rate of a handheld optical spectral imaging probe for intra-operative assessment of breast tumor margins. Determine

Ramanujam, Nimmi

367

In case you're interested, I started with two normally-distributed random variables X,Y ~ N(0,1) then applied the following transformation to generate new random variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hi John, In case you're interested, I started with two normally-distributed random variables X,Y ~ N(0,1) then applied the following transformation to generate new random variables U,V: U = { |X distributions in each of U and V (also if projected onto each axis) and cov(U,V) = 0, i

Masci, Frank

368

Acetyldinaline: A New Oral Cytostatic Drug with Impressive Differential Activity against Leukemic Cells and Normal Stem CellsPreclinical Studies in a Relevant Rat Model for Human Acute Myelocytic Leukemia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...v. cellular transfer within the Brown Norway rat strain. Cytologically and cytochemically...and treated BNML rats into normal Brown Norway rats results in death of rats from leukemia...effect on mitochondria and thus on the energy metabolism of the cells but the precise...

H. M. El-Beltagi; A. C. M. Martens; P. Lelieveld; E. A. Haroun; and A. Hagenbeek

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Auto-segmentation of normal and target structures in head and neck CT images: A feature-driven model-based approach  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) allows greater control over dose distribution, which leads to a decrease in radiation related toxicity. IMRT, however, requires precise and accurate delineation of the organs at risk and target volumes. Manual delineation is tedious and suffers from both interobserver and intraobserver variability. State of the art auto-segmentation methods are either atlas-based, model-based or hybrid however, robust fully automated segmentation is often difficult due to the insufficient discriminative information provided by standard medical imaging modalities for certain tissue types. In this paper, the authors present a fully automated hybrid approach which combines deformable registration with the model-based approach to accurately segment normal and target tissues from head and neck CT images. Methods: The segmentation process starts by using an average atlas to reliably identify salient landmarks in the patient image. The relationship between these landmarks and the reference dataset serves to guide a deformable registration algorithm, which allows for a close initialization of a set of organ-specific deformable models in the patient image, ensuring their robust adaptation to the boundaries of the structures. Finally, the models are automatically fine adjusted by our boundary refinement approach which attempts to model the uncertainty in model adaptation using a probabilistic mask. This uncertainty is subsequently resolved by voxel classification based on local low-level organ-specific features. Results: To quantitatively evaluate the method, they auto-segment several organs at risk and target tissues from 10 head and neck CT images. They compare the segmentations to the manual delineations outlined by the expert. The evaluation is carried out by estimating two common quantitative measures on 10 datasets: volume overlap fraction or the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), and a geometrical metric, the median symmetric Hausdorff distance (HD), which is evaluated slice-wise. They achieve an average overlap of 93% for the mandible, 91% for the brainstem, 83% for the parotids, 83% for the submandibular glands, and 74% for the lymph node levels. Conclusions: Our automated segmentation framework is able to segment anatomy in the head and neck region with high accuracy within a clinically-acceptable segmentation time.

Qazi, Arish A.; Pekar, Vladimir; Kim, John; Xie, Jason; Breen, Stephen L.; Jaffray, David A. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9 (Canada); Philips Research North America, Markham, Ontario L6C 2S3 (Canada); Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9 (Canada)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

The dosimetric impact of daily setup error on target volumes and surrounding normal tissue in the treatment of prostate cancer with intensity-modulated radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of daily setup error and interfraction organ motion on the overall dosimetric radiation treatment plans. Twelve patients undergoing definitive intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatments for prostate cancer were evaluated in this institutional review board-approved study. Each patient had fiducial markers placed into the prostate gland before treatment planning computed tomography scan. IMRT plans were generated using the Eclipse treatment planning system. Each patient was treated to a dose of 8100 cGy given in 45 fractions. In this study, we retrospectively created a plan for each treatment day that had a shift available. To calculate the dose, the patient would have received under this plan, we mathematically 'negated' the shift by moving the isocenter in the exact opposite direction of the shift. The individualized daily plans were combined to generate an overall plan sum. The dose distributions from these plans were compared with the treatment plans that were used to treat the patients. Three-hundred ninety daily shifts were negated and their corresponding plans evaluated. The mean isocenter shift based on the location of the fiducial markers was 3.3 {+-} 6.5 mm to the right, 1.6 {+-} 5.1 mm posteriorly, and 1.0 {+-} 5.0 mm along the caudal direction. The mean D95 doses for the prostate gland when setup error was corrected and uncorrected were 8228 and 7844 cGy (p < 0.002), respectively, and for the planning target volume (PTV8100) was 8089 and 7303 cGy (p < 0.001), respectively. The mean V95 values when patient setup was corrected and uncorrected were 99.9% and 87.3%, respectively, for the PTV8100 volume (p < 0.0001). At an individual patient level, the difference in the D95 value for the prostate volume could be >1200 cGy and for the PTV8100 could approach almost 2000 cGy when comparing corrected against uncorrected plans. There was no statistically significant difference in the D35 parameter for the surrounding normal tissue except for the dose received by the penile bulb and the right hip. Our dosimetric evaluation suggests significant underdosing with inaccurate target localization and emphasizes the importance of accurate patient setup and target localization. Further studies are needed to evaluate the impact of intrafraction organ motion, rotation, and deformation on doses delivered to target volumes.

Algan, Ozer, E-mail: oalgan@ouhsc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Jamgade, Ambarish; Ali, Imad; Christie, Alana; Thompson, J. Spencer; Thompson, David; Ahmad, Salahuddin; Herman, Terence [Department of Radiation Oncology, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Is MR spectroscopy capable of detecting metabolic abnormalities in neurofibromatosis type 1 that are not revealed in brain parenchyma of normal appearance?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Results of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) studies on metabolic abnormalities in normal-appearing brain and in non-neoplastic brain lesions in individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) have been discrepant. Objective We aimed at using MRS to analyze the metabolic patterns in the basal ganglia of patients with NF1 and examine their correlation with focal hyperintense lesions in T2-weighted images (T2-W hyperintensities). Methods We studied MRS data of 42 individuals with NF1 (18 with and 24 without T2-W hyperintensities) and 25 controls matched for gender and age. A single-voxel technique was employed by manually placing a region of interest with a uniform size over a predetermined anatomical region including the globus pallidum and putamen (capsulolenticular region). We further analyzed the ratios of choline/creatine (Cho/Cr), N-acetyl aspartate/creatine (NAA/Cr), and myoinositol/creatine (Mi/Cr) metabolites and the occurrence of T2-W hyperintensities in these regions in individuals with NF1. Results There was a significant difference between the NF1 and control groups with regard to the mean values ??of Mi/Cr and Cho/Cr, with higher metabolite values observed in the NF1 group (p 1). Only the Mi/Cr ratio was able to discriminate between NF1 subgroups with and without T2-W hyperintensities. For the NAA/Cr ratio, no significant difference was observed between the NF1 and control groups. Conclusion MRS allows the characterization of tissue abnormalities not demonstrable in the structural images of patients with NF1 through Cho and Mi metabolite analysis. Yet, the findings of preserved NAA values argue against the hypothesis of demyelination and axonal degeneration occurring in the region, suggesting instead a functional neuronal stability. Taken in association with the findings of lack of clinical manifestations and the known transient nature of T2-W hyperintensities in NF1 as demonstrated by other studies, our results support the current histopathologically driven hypothesis that such T2-W hyperintensities may be related to intramyelinic edema.

Antonio Carlos Pond Rodrigues Jr.; Jos Roberto Lopes Ferraz-Filho; Ulysses S. Torres; Antnio Jos da Rocha; Marcos Pontes Muniz; Antnio Soares Souza; Eny Maria Goloni-Bertollo; rika Cristina Pavarino

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Nature of the quantum spin correlations through the superconducting?normal phase transition in electron-doped superconducting Pr0.88LaCe0.12CuO4  

SciTech Connect

We use neutron scattering and specific heat measurements to relate the response of the spin fluctuations and static antiferromagnetic (AF) order to the superconductivity in the electron-doped high-transition-temperature superconductor, Pr{sub .88}LaCe{sub .12}CuO{sub 4-{delta}} (PLCCO) (T{sub c} = 24 K), as the system is tuned via a magnetic field applied beyond the upper critical field (H{sub c2}) and driven into the normal state. The strength of the collective magnetic excitation commonly termed 'resonance' decreases smoothly with increasing field and vanishes in the normal state, paralleling the behavior of the superconducting condensation energy. The suppression of superconductivity is accompanied by a smooth reduction in the very low energy spin fluctuations, and the concomitant emergence of static AF order. Our results suggest an intimate connection between the resonance and the superconducting condensation energy.

Dai, Pengcheng [ORNL; Wilson, Stephen D. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Li, Shiliang [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Wen, H. H. [Chinese Academy of Sciences

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Asymptotic normalization coefficients (nuclear vertex constants) for $p+^7Be\\to ^8B$ and the direct $^7Be(p,?)^8B$ astrophysical S-factors at solar energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new analysis of the precise experimental astrophysical S-factors for the direct capture $^7Be(p,\\gamma)$ $^8B$ reaction [A.J.Junghans et al.Phys.Rev. C 68 (2003) 065803 and L.T. Baby et al. Phys.Rev. C 67 (2003) 065805] is carried out based on the modified two - body potential approach in which the direct astrophysical S-factor, $ {\\rm S_{17}(E)}$, is expressed in terms of the asymptotic normalization constants for $p+^7Be\\to ^8B$ and two additional conditions are involved to verify the peripheral character of the reaction under consideration. The Woods-Saxon potential form is used for the bound ($p+^7Be$)- state wave function and for the $p^7Be$- scattering wave function. New estimates are obtained for the $^{\\glqq}$indirectly measured\\grqq values of the asymptotic normalization constants (the nuclear vertex constants) for the $p+^7Be\\to ^8B$ and $S_{17}(E)$ at E$\\le$ 115 keV, including $E$=0. These values of $S_{17}(E)$ and asymptotic normalization constants have been used for getting information about the $^{\\glqq}$indirectly measured\\grqq values of the $s$ wave average scattering length and the $p$ wave effective range parameters for $p^7Be$- scattering.

S. B. Igamov; R. Yarmukhamedov

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

374

Determination of the 3He+alpha\\to 7Be asymp. normalization coefficients (nucl. vertex constants) and their application for extrapolation of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astroph. S-factors to the solar energy region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new analysis of the precise experimental astrophysical $S$-factors for the direct capture $^3He(\\alpha,\\gamma)^7{\\rm {Be}}$ reaction [B.S. Nara Singh et al., Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 93} (2004) 262503; D. Bemmerer et al., Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 97} (2006) 122502; F.Confortola et al., Phys.Rev. {\\bf C 75} (2007) 065803 and T.A.D.Brown et al., Phys.Rev. {\\bf C 76} (2007) 055801] populating to the ground and first excited states of $^7{\\rm Be}$ is carried out based on the modified two - body potential approach in which the direct astrophysical $S$-factor, $S_{34}(E)$, is expressed in terms of the asymptotic normalization constants for $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to ^7{\\rm {Be}}$ and two additional conditions are involved to verify the peripheral character of the reaction under consideration. The Woods--Saxon potential form is used for the bound ($\\alpha+^3{\\rm {He}}$)- state and the $^3{\\rm {He}}\\alpha$- scattering wave functions. New estimates are obtained for the "indirectly measured", values of the asymptotic normalization constants (the nuclear vertex constants) for $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to^7{\\rm {Be}}(g.s.)$ and $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to^7{\\rm {Be}}(0.429 MeV)$ as well as the astrophysical $S$-factors $S_{34}(E)$ at E$\\le$ 90 keV, including $E$=0. The values of asymptotic normalization constants have been used for getting information about the $\\alpha$-particle spectroscopic factors for the mirror ($^7Li^7{\\rm {Be}}$)-pair.

S. B. Igamov; K. I. Tursunmakhatov; R. Yarmukhamedov

2008-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

375

Determination of the 3He+alpha\\to 7Be asymp. normalization coefficients (nucl. vertex constants) and their application for extrapolation of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astroph. S-factors to the solar energy region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new analysis of the modern precise measured astrophysical $S$ factors for the direct capture $^3He(\\alpha,\\gamma)^7{\\rm {Be}}$ reaction [B.S. Nara Singh {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 93}, 262503 (2004); D. Bemmerer {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 97}, 122502 (2006); F.Confortola {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev.C {\\bf 75}, 065803 (2007), T.A.D.Brown {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev. C {\\bf 76}, 055801 (2007) and A Di Leva, {\\it et al.},Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 102}, 232502 (2009)] populating to the ground and first excited states of $^7{\\rm Be}$ is carried out based on the modified two - body potential approach. New estimates are obtained for the $^{\\glqq}$indirectly determined\\grqq\\, values of the asymptotic normalization constants (the nuclear vertex constants) for $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to{\\rm {^7Be}}$(g.s.) and $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to{\\rm {^7Be}}$(0.429 MeV) as well as the astrophysical $S$ factors $S_{34}(E)$ at E$\\le$ 90 keV, including $E$=0. The values of asymptotic normalization constants have been used for getting information about the $\\alpha$-particle spectroscopic factors for the mirror (${\\rm{^7Li}}{\\rm {^7Be}}$)-pair.

S. B. Igamov; Q. I. Tursunmahatov; R. Yarmukhamedov

2009-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

376

Publisher's Note: Asymptotic normalization coefficients for N-14+p -> O-15 and the astrophysical S factor for N-14(p,gamma)O-15 (vol 67, art no 065804, 2003)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publisher?s Note: Asymptotic normalization coefficients for 14N?p\\15O and the astrophysical S factor for 14N?p ,g?15O ?Phys. Rev. C 67, 065804 ?2003?? A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, P. Be?m B. A. Brown, V. Burjan, C. A. Gagliardi, V. Kroha, J. Nova?k, F.... M. Nunes, S? . Piskor?, F. Pirlepesov, E. S?imec?kova?, R. E. Tribble, and J. Vincour ~Received 26 June 2003; published 23 July 2003! DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.68.019901 PACS number~s!: 26.20.1f, 21.10.Jx, 25.55.Hp, 27.20.1n, 99.10.Fg This paper...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Bem, P.; Brown, BA; Burjan, V.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Kroha, V.; Novak, J.; Nunes, FM; Piskor, S.; Pirlepesov, F.; Simeckova, E.; Tribble, Robert E.; Vincour, J.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Restoration of normal phenotype in cancer cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for reversing expression of malignant phenotype in cancer cells is described. The method comprises applying {beta}{sub 1} integrin function-blocking antibody to the cells. The method can be used to assess the progress of cancer therapy. Human breast epithelial cells were shown to be particularly responsive. 14 figs.

Bissell, M.J.; Weaver, V.M.

1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

378

Restoration of normal phenotype in cancer cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for reversing expression of malignant phenotype in cancer cells is described. The method comprises applying .beta..sub.1 integrin function-blocking antibody to the cells. The method can be used to assess the progress of cancer therapy. Human breast epithelial cells were shown to be particularly responsive.

Bissell, Mina J. (Berkeley, CA); Weaver, Valerie M. (Oakland, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Evaluation and Normalization of Jack Superpolynomials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1090034 to P.D., #1090016 to L.L.]; and the Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica de Chile [Redes De Colaboracion RED4, Anillo de Investigacion ACT56 Lattices and Symmetry]. Appendix 1. Proofs of Propositions-3.4 and......

Patrick Desrosiers; Luc Lapointe; Pierre Mathieu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Gamma-Normal Probability Distribution Arc Length  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Abstract. We propose a dynamic program to find the shortest path in

Hesam

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

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381

Physical differences between normal and belly wool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the length of five unstretched grease-wool locks from each of the nine regions. Each lock was then hand scoured in carbon tetra- chloride and the lengths of 20 ind1vidual stretched fibers from each lock, for a total of 100 from each region, were measured... and Mary J. Brandon. 1922. A method of determining grease and dirt in wool. U. S. D. A. Bul. 1100. 33 Von Bergen, W. , and Herbert R. Mauersberger. 1948. Sorting, scouring and carbonizing; American Wool Handbook. (2nd ed. ). Textile Book Publishers, Inc...

Richardson, O. L

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

382

Normalizers of Finite von Neumann Algebras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

\\subseteq M is an inclusion of separable II_1 factors. We show that N_M(B) imposes a certain "discrete" structure on the generated von Neumann algebra. By analyzing the bimodule structure of certain subalgebras of N_M(B)'', this leads to a "Galois...

Cameron, Jan Michael

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

383

Managing Milk Composition: Normal Sources of Variation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many factors influence the composition of milk, including environment, level of production, stage of lactation, disease, season, and genetics and age of the animal. This publication explains the effect of each....

Stokes, Sandra R.; Jordan, Ellen R.; Looper, Mike; Waldner, Dan

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

384

Practical Aspects of Normal-Phase Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and characterizing crude oils. In the method of Galya...resins in bitumen and heavy petroleum crudes has been...Separation of bitumen and heavy petroleum crudes into...E.B. Bagley. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. J. 55...1978, St. Louis, Missouri. C. Bollet, P. Oliva......

Seth R. Abbott

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Practical Aspects of Normal-Phase Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......significantly less reactive towards car- bonyl groups (43) than are...the amine sites with sample car- bonyls, one would expect...substitution (e.g., hydroxyl, car- bonyl), and ring double...reflect vitamin D status or defective 546 Journal of Chromatographic......

Seth R. Abbott

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

DEPARTURE FROM NORMALITY AND EIGENVALUE PERTURBATION BOUNDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be defective. Furthermore, Gerschgorin­like inclusion regions in the Frobenius are derived, as well as bounds, for instance, to be defective. They also do not depend on the conditioning of the perturbed eigenvectors, which and for Hermitian matrices. # Center for Research in Scientific Computation, Department of Mathematics, North Car

387

DEPARTURE FROM NORMALITY AND EIGENVALUE PERTURBATION BOUNDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

associated with the perturbed matrix; in particular the perturbed matrix can be defective. Furthermore, to be defective. They also do not depend on the conditioning of the perturbed eigenvectors, which is advantageous matrices. Center for Research in Scientific Computation, Department of Mathematics, North Car- olina State

388

Iraqi oil industry slowly returning to normal  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that Iraq is making progress in putting its battered petroleum industry back together 1 1/2 years after the Persian Gulf war ended. OPEC News Agency (Opecna) reported the finish of reconstruction of Iraq's Mina al-Bakr oil terminal on the northern tip of the Persian Gulf, using Iraqi know-how and engineering personnel. The terminal, heavily damaged during the gulf conflict, has been restored to its prewar loading capacity of 1.6 million b/d at a cost of $16 million. Ninety per cent of the port had been damaged.

Not Available

1992-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

389

Persistent Currents in Normal Metal Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...C) the 793-nm array for T = 323 mK, {theta} = 6; and (D) the 418-nm ring for 365 mK, {theta} = 45. In each case, a smooth...using measurements of the PC to search for ultralow temperature phase transitions (6...

A. C. Bleszynski-Jayich; W. E. Shanks; B. Peaudecerf; E. Ginossar; F. von Oppen; L. Glazman; J. G. E. Harris

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

390

Temperature Normals/Extremes - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extremes Hanford Meteorological Station Real Time Met Data from Around the Site Current HMS Observations Daily HMS Extremes in Met Data Met and Climate Data Summary Products...

391

FTIR spectra and normal-mode analysis of a tetranuclear Manganese adamantane-like complex in two electrochemically prepared oxidation states: Relevance to the oxygen-evolving complex of Photosystem II  

SciTech Connect

The IR spectra and normal-mode analysis of the adamantane-like compound [Mn4O6(bpea)4]n+ in two oxidation states, MnIV4 and MnIIIMnIV3, that are relevant to the oxygen-evolving complex of photosystem II are presented. Mn-O vibrational modes are identified with isotopic exchange, 16O->18O, of the mono-(mu)-oxo bridging atoms in the complex. IR spectra of the MnIIIMnIV3 species are obtained by electrochemical reduction of the MnIV4 species using a spectroelectrochemical cell, based on attenuated total reflection [Visser et al. Anal Chem 2001, 73, 4374-4378]. A novel method of subtraction is used to reduce background contributions from solvent and ligand modes, and the difference and double-difference spectra are used in identifying Mn-O bridging modes that are sensitive to oxidation state change. Two strong IR bands are observed for the MnIV4 species at 745 and 707 cm-1 and a weaker band at 510 cm-1. Upon reduction, the MnIIIMnIV3 species exhibits two strong IR bands at 745 and 680 cm-1, and several weaker bands are observed in the 510 - 425 cm-1 range. A normal mode analysis is performed to assign all the relevant bridging modes in the oxidized MnIV4 and reduced MnIIIMnIV3 species. The calculated force constants for the MnIV4 species are = 3.15 mdynAngstrom, = 0.55 mdyn/Angstrom, and = 0.20 mdyn/Angstrom. The force constants for the MnIIIMnIV3 species are = 3.10 mdyn/Angstrom, = 2.45 mdyn/Angstrom, = 0.40, and = 0.15 mdyn/Angstrom. This study provides insights for the identification of Mn-O modes in the IR spectra of the photosynthetic oxygen-evolving complex during its catalytic cycle.

Visser, Hendrik; Dube, Christopher E.; Armstrong, William H.; Sauer, Kenneth; Yachandra, Vittal K.

2002-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

392

Failure and Redemption of Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR)/Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer (NIMFR) Cloud Screening: Contrasting Algorithm Performance at Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) North Slope of Alaska (NSA) and Southern Great Plains (SGP) Sites  

SciTech Connect

Well-known cloud-screening algorithms, which are designed to remove cloud-contaminated aerosol optical depths (AOD) from AOD measurements, have shown great performance at many middle-to-low latitude sites around the world. However, they may occasionally fail under challenging observational conditions, such as when the sun is low (near the horizon) or when optically thin clouds with small spatial inhomogeneity occur. Such conditions have been observed quite frequently at the high-latitude Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) North Slope of Alaska (NSA) sites. A slightly modified cloud-screening version of the standard algorithm is proposed here with a focus on the ARM-supported Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) and Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer (NIMFR) data. The modified version uses approximately the same techniques as the standard algorithm, but it additionally examines the magnitude of the slant-path line of sight transmittance and eliminates points when the observed magnitude is below a specified threshold. Substantial improvement of the multi-year (1999-2012) aerosol product (AOD and its Angstrom exponent) is shown for the NSA sites when the modified version is applied. Moreover, this version reproduces the AOD product at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site, which was originally generated by the standard cloud-screening algorithms. The proposed minor modification is easy to implement and its application to existing and future cloud-screening algorithms can be particularly beneficial for challenging observational conditions.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Flynn, Connor J.; Koontz, Annette S.; Sivaraman, Chitra; Barnard, James C.

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

393

THE SPITZER MID-INFRARED ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS SURVEY. I. OPTICAL AND NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY OF OBSCURED CANDIDATES AND NORMAL ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI SELECTED IN THE MID-INFRARED  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a program of optical and near-infrared spectroscopic follow-up of candidate active galactic nuclei (AGNs) selected in the mid-infrared. This survey selects both normal and obscured AGNs closely matched in luminosity across a wide range, from Seyfert galaxies with bolometric luminosities L {sub bol} ? 10{sup 10} L {sub ?} to highly luminous quasars (L {sub bol} ? 10{sup 14} L {sub ?}), all with redshifts ranging from 0 to 4.3. Samples of candidate AGNs were selected with mid-infrared color cuts at several different 24 ?m flux density limits to ensure a range of luminosities at a given redshift. The survey consists of 786 candidate AGNs and quasars, of which 672 have spectroscopic redshifts and classifications. Of these, 137 (20%) are type 1 AGNs with blue continua, 294 (44%) are type 2 objects with extinctions A{sub V} ?> 5 toward their AGNs, 96 (14%) are AGNs with lower extinctions (A{sub V} ? 1), and 145 (22%) have redshifts, but no clear signs of AGN activity in their spectra. Of the survey objects 50% have L {sub bol} > 10{sup 12} L {sub ?}, in the quasar regime. We present composite spectra for type 2 quasars and objects with no signs of AGN activity in their spectra. We also discuss the mid-infraredemission-line luminosity correlation and present the results of cross correlations with serendipitous X-ray and radio sources. The results show that: (1) obscured objects dominate the overall AGN population, (2) mid-infrared selected AGN candidates exist which lack AGN signatures in their optical spectra but have AGN-like X-ray or radio counterparts, and (3) X-ray and optical classifications of obscured and unobscured AGNs often differ.

Lacy, M. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Ridgway, S. E. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Gates, E. L. [UCO/Lick Observatory, P.O. Box 85, Mount Hamilton, CA 95140 (United States); Nielsen, D. M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 475 N. Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Petric, A. O. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Sajina, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tuffs University, 212 College Avenue, Medford, MA 02155 (United States); Urrutia, T. [Leibniz-Institut fr Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Cox Drews, S. [946 Mangrove Avenue 102, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (United States); Harrison, C. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Seymour, N. [CSIRO, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Storrie-Lombardi, L. J. [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

6310 N Normal Forms in Perturbation Theory Normal Forms in Perturbation Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands Article Outline Glossary Definition of the Subject

Broer, H.W.

395

Determination of the asymptotic normalization coefficients for 14C + n <--> 15C, the 14C(n, gamma)15C reaction rate, and evaluation of a new method to determine spectroscopic factors  

SciTech Connect

The 14C + n <--> 15C system has been used as a test case in the evaluation of a new method to determine spectroscopic factors that uses the asymptotic normalization coefficient (ANC). The method proved to be unsuccessful for this case. As part of this experimental program, the ANCs for the 15C ground state and first excited state were determined using a heavy-ion neutron transfer reaction as well as the inverse kinematics (d,p) reaction, measured at the Texas A&M Cyclotron Institute. The ANCs were used to evaluate the astrophysical direct neutron capture rate on 14C, which was then compared with the most recent direct measurement and found to be in good agreement. A study of the 15C SF via its mirror nucleus 15F and a new insight into deuteron stripping theory are also presented.

McCleskey, M. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Mukhamedzhanov, A. M. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Trache, L. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Tribble, R. E. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Banu, A. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Eremenko, V. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Goldberg, V. Z. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Lui, Y. W. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); McCleskey, E. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Roeder, B. T. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Spiridon, A. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Carstoiu, F. [National Inst. for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Burjan, V. [Nuclear Physics Inst., Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague (Czech Republic); Hons, Z. [Nuclear Physics Inst., Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague (Czech Republic); Thompson, I. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

396

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Honduras from SUNY Honduras from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

397

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

398

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South America from NREL South America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

399

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua from SUNY Nicaragua from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

400

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America and the Carribean from NREL Central America and the Carribean from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from NREL Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

402

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuba from NREL Cuba from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year.. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

403

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guatemala from SUNY Guatemala from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

404

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year.. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

405

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuba sites from SUNY Cuba sites from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

406

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

407

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East Asia from NREL East Asia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

408

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

409

Normal Vibration Calculations for Iron Tris(acetylacetonate)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The frequencies, shapes, and intensities of the absorption bands in IR spectrum of Fe(Acac)3 complex are calculated. The experimental data are adequately described using the force constants suggested for the comp...

S. N. Slabzhennikov; O. B. Ryabchenko

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Chromatin Phospholipids in Normal and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Lymphocytes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...been confirmed by the demonstration of their associa tion...immunofluomescence demonstration of surface membrane...on purification with ion exchange resins. On the other hand...enhanced in vitro by the addition of sphingomyelin at...

Francesco Antonio Manzoli; Nadir Mario Maraldi; Lucio Cocco; Silvano Capitani; and Andrea Facchini

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Method for restoration of normal phenotype in cancer cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for reversing expression of malignant phenotype in cancer cells is described. The method comprises applying .beta..sub.1 integrin function-blocking antibody to the cells. The method can be used to assess the progress of cancer therapy. Human breast epithelial cells were shown to be particularly responsive.

Bissell, Mina J. (Berkeley, CA); Weaver, Valerie M. (Oakland, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Global Calculation of Tidal Energy Conversion into Vertical Normal Modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A direct calculation of the tidal generation of internal waves over the global ocean is presented. The calculation is based on a semianalytical model, assuming that the internal tide characteristic slope exceeds the bathymetric slope (subcritical ...

Saeed Falahat; Jonas Nycander; Fabien Roquet; Moundheur Zarroug

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The normal basilar artery: structural properties and mechanical behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

male White New Zealand specific pathogen free rabbits underwent cyclic pressurization tests at in vivo conditions and controlled levels of myogenic tone. Sections of basilar arteries were imaged for collagen fiber orientation at 0, 40 and 80 mmHg...

Wicker, Bethany Kay

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Postponement, conservation and preservation of strong normalization for generalized reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......function was first introduced by de Bruijn in his Automath project [20] and has been used by many researchers since. For example...Theorem 6.17, we interchange ? ??-SN and ? ??-N at liberty. We shall show PSN of ? ?. Note that the derivation......

F Kamareddine

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Effect of Ceftaroline on Normal Human Intestinal Microflora  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pharmacology Trial Unit website on the Internet. Physical examination was carried out...hepatitis B or C or HIV; history of alcohol abuse or drug abuse; and donation of blood or blood products...Microbial Sensitivity Tests Reference Values Young Adult

Georgios Panagiotidis; Tobias Bckstrm; Charlotte Asker-Hagelberg; Alena Jandourek; Andrej Weintraub; Carl Erik Nord

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Effect of Ceftaroline on Normal Human Intestinal Microflora  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the Clinical Pharmacology Trial Unit website on the Internet. Physical examination was carried out on each subject...screen for hepatitis B or C or HIV; history of alcohol abuse or drug abuse; and donation of blood or blood products within 1...

Georgios Panagiotidis; Tobias Bckstrm; Charlotte Asker-Hagelberg; Alena Jandourek; Andrej Weintraub; Carl Erik Nord

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Sarcospan-Deficient Mice Maintain Normal Muscle Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...subcomplex. . P. A. DAmore R. H. Brown Jr. P. T. Ku E. P. Hoffman...L. Wollmann E. M. McNally Gamma-sarcoglycan deficiency...Heighway D. C. Betticher P. R. Hoban H. J. Altermatt...assembly. . E. P. Hoffman R. H. Brown Jr. L. M. Kunkel Dystrophin...

Connie S. Lebakken; David P. Venzke; Ronald F. Hrstka; Christina M. Consolino; John A. Faulkner; Roger A. Williamson; Kevin P. Campbell

418

Banded Matrix Fraction Representation of Triangular Input Normal Pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 15, 14]. In this approach, the #3; S.A.C. Capital Management, LLC, 540 Madison Ave, New York, NY state transition matrix and B is a n #2; d matrix with n #21; d. Let C be the p #2; n matrix whose kth develop a computationally convenient representation of the state transition matrices that arise from

419

Ecole Normale Superieure FIMFA Statistique 2013-2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCR(=somme des carr´es des r´esidus)= 148.27. Nous donnons ´egalement (X X)-1 = 0.0288 0.0012 -0, puis sur l'ensemble des entreprises. Nous avons obtenus les r´esultats suivants : T07 : n = 40, SCR= 2.57 T15B : n = 24, SCR= 1.17 T18 : n = 238, SCR= 17.8 Ensemble : n = 302, SCR= 41.12 Pour un niveau de 5

Haas, Bénédicte

420

Parameter Estimation of the Hybrid Censored Log-Normal Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Pin 560035, India. SQC & OR Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B.T. Road, Kolkata, Pin 700108, India. Corresponding author, e-mail: bis@isical.ac.in Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Indian of the exponential parameter. Drapper and Guttmann [7] also considered the same problem but from the Bayesian point

Kundu, Debasis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Overscreening Diamagnetism in Cylindrical Superconductor-Normal Metal-Heterostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Bruder, and Yu.V. Nazarov Department of Physics, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany Kavli Institute of NanoScience, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CJ Delft, The Netherlands We study to the proximity effect using the clean limit quasiclassical Eilenberger equations. We compare the results

Bruder, Christoph

422

Cold nuclear fusion in metallic hydrogen and normal metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rate of nuclear fusion from tunneling in very dense metallic hydrogen in the core of Jupiter is calculated to be 10-50 per hydrogen-deuterium pair per second. It is estimated that the width of the fusion barrier for deuterium in palladium or a similar metal must be reduced to, of order, 0.1 A? for the fusion rate to be 10-25 per deuterium per second. If this scale is achieved, the ratios of various nuclear reaction rates will be very different for cold versus thermonuclear fusion.

Charles J. Horowitz

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Strain rate relaxation of normal and thrust faults in Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......P. Effect of viscoelastic postseismic relaxation on estimates of interseismic crustal strain accumulation at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Geophys. Res. Lett. (2010) 37:L06307. doi:10.1029/2010GL042795. Hetland E.A. , Hager......

Federica Riguzzi; Mattia Crespi; Roberto Devoti; Carlo Doglioni; Grazia Pietrantonio; Anna Rita Pisani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Coarser connected topologies and non-normality points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and let e =e(x;y). Let Ux and Uy be separating open neighborhoods of f 1(x) and f 1(y) in B. For p = x;y, if f 1(p) is not defined, let Up = /0. Then U = Be(x)[SfBe(z) : f 1(z)2Uxg and V = Be(y)[SfBe(z) : f 1(z)2Uyg are s-open sets separating x and y. 2...Wx;n : n2wgand V =SfWy;n : n2wg. Then, U and V are s-open neighborhoods separating x and y in X. The strongly discrete subsets of D of X and C of B play an important role in the defining of coarser neighborhoods of points x in X. New neighborhoods are a...

Yengulalp, Lynne Christine

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Earthquakes With Normal Focal Depths-Tables/Graphs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...seismoaraphs are in operation at the observatory...Mountain area are fairly cold. In the rugged area...Hallo Lagoon are in operation. Vol. XXI EARTHQUAKE...ionosphere specialists, a weather man, three glaciologists...comfortably at 70 by oil heaters. The men slapt two...every type. Hot and cold running water ware...

426

Radiobiology of normal rat lung in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) is a binary cancer radiation therapy that utilizes biochemical tumor cell targeting and provides a mixed field of high and low Linear Energy Transfer (LET) radiation with differing ...

Kiger, Jingli Liu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Which subnormal Toeplitz operators are either normal or analytic ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. However, until now a complete description of that class has proved elusive. Recently, D. Yakubovich [Ya of the second named author was supported by NRF grant funded by the Korea government(MEST)(2009-0075890). The work of the third author was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the NRF grant

Curto, Raúl

428

Analyses of the electroencephalograms of normal anesthetized cats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5, 6, 7, and 8 on the standby setting. During the recordings of the paper tracings, an analog tape record was also made. Evaluation of the data was accomplished by several methods. Visual observation of the EEG print-out allowed measurement... 5, 6, 7, and 8 on the standby setting. During the recordings of the paper tracings, an analog tape record was also made. Evaluation of the data was accomplished by several methods. Visual observation of the EEG print-out allowed measurement...

Gustafson, Bonnie Veryle

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

429

Radius of B-8 halo from the asymptotic normalization coefficient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W !& 5 ( lB ,mlB jBm jB ^JAM A jBm jBuJBM B& 3^JpM plBmlBu jbm jB&i lBY lBmlB~r? !IAplB jB B ~r !. ~1! A is the antisymmetrization operator, w is a bound-state IAplB jB B ~r !?CAplB jB B WhB ,lB11/2~2kBr ! r . ~3! Here CAplB jB B... overlap integrals I(r). The multipole expansion is carried out over lB , jB values allowed by angular momentum and parity conservation for the virtual process B?A1p . The overlap integral is not an eigenfunction of the total Hamiltonian, and hence...

Carstoiu, F.; Trache, L.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Tribble, Robert E.; Mukhamedzhanov, AM.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Dpartement de physique Laboratoire Kastler Brossel cole Normale Suprieure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1.1. The infinite uniform two-dimensional Bose gas . . . . . . 8 1.1.2. Bose-Einstein condensation in a finite of a two-dimensional Bose gas . . 39 3.1.1. Experimental preparation of 2D samples . . . . . . . . . . 41 3 de l'UNIVERSIT? PARIS 6 Thermal and superfluid properties of the two­dimensional Bose gas Soutenue le

431

Thermal expansion normalization for large steam turbines in service  

SciTech Connect

Some large steam turbines encounter some problems with their thermal expansion. This shows itself in the broken (leap-like) movement of the bearing pedestals while the turbine is being heated or cooled in the course of transients. This also results in distortion of the casings, torsion of the foundation frame crossbars, increased vibration, damage of the bearings and couplings, etc. The thermal expansion freedom problems hamper the turbine`s start-ups since the relative rotor expansions attain their limits. The main causes why the turbine loses the thermal expansion freedom are the increased friction on the sliding surfaces between the bearing pedestals and foundation frame, increased transversal load on the turbine from the steam-lines connected to the cylinders, poor transition of the axial thrust between the cylinders, and insufficient rigidity of the foundation crossbars. Under consideration are a set of diagnostic, design, and technological measures to reveal the specific causes of the problems and to eliminate them. Among the most widespread and effective countermeasures are the placing of special fluoroplastometallic bands under the bearing pedestals and electrochemical facing of the keys` surfaces, adjustment of the support-and-suspension system and tightening of the foundation frame.

Avrutsky, G.D.; Savenkova, I.A.; Don, E.A.; Lyudomirsky, B.N.; Berezin, M.G. [All-Russia Thermal Engineering Research Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

An Introduction to Database Systems The Relational Database Normalization Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, AB A, AB B, ... } |F+| > 30. #12; F+ Armstrong ­ ­ · #12; F+ Armstrong ­ ­ · #12;Armstrong Armstrong's Axioms (1974): (IR1) Reflexivity rule():(IR1) Reflexivity rule(): If X Y, then X Y, Y Z } |= X Z. F #12;A Armstrong Additional rules derivable from Armstrong's Axioms. (IR4) D iti l

Lu, Jiaheng

433

Applying multiwell normalization in open hole log analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A major problem when analyzing open hole well logging data in large fields is the fact that the logs were run using different logging service companies, using different logging tools over a long time span. To obtain correct log interpretations...

Sinanan, Haydn Brent

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

Radionuclide Releases During Normal Operations for Ventilated Tanks  

SciTech Connect

This calculation estimates the design emissions of radionuclides from Ventilated Tanks used by various facilities. The calculation includes emissions due to processing and storage of radionuclide material.

Blunt, B.

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

435

Pramipexole effects on startle gating in rats and normal men  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

antagonist/DA releaser memantine (Swerdlow et al. 2009),J (2009) The effects of memantine on prepulse inhibition.

Swerdlow, Neal R.; Lelham, Sophia A.; Sutherland Owens, Ashley N.; Chang, Wei-Li; Sassen, Sebastiaan D.; Talledo, Jo A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology-...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of 70-100Cm.y. The apparent slip rate along the Raft River detachment, recorded in spatial gradients of apatite fission track ages, is 7 mmyr between 13.5 and 7.4 Ma and is...

437

On the dynamical basis of the classification of normal galaxies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the masses M1 and M, as measured in solar masses. We recall that the stability...Zang, T. A. (1976) Dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Tech- nology, Cambridge...Pannatoni, R. F. (1979) Dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge...

J. Haass; G. Bertin; C. C. Lin

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Computing the Nondominated Nash Points of a Normal Form Game ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

points and we conduct a comprehensive computational study in which we investigate the ...... Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, 52(1):6577.

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

439

Omnidirectional Visual Servoing using the Normalized Mutual Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guillaume Caron Eric Marchand Universit´e de Rennes 1, IRISA, Lagadic team, Rennes, France (e-mail: bertrand.delabarre@irisa.fr, eric.marchand@irisa.fr). Universit´e de Picardie, Jules Verne, Amiens, France and Marchand (2011); Dame and Marchand (2011)). Features are no longer extracted from the image. Those works

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

Prufer Transformations for the Normal Modes in Ocean Acoustics  

SciTech Connect

In 1926 Prufer introduced a method of transforming the second order Sturm-Liouville (SL) equation into two nonlinear first order differential equations for the phase oe and ''magnitude'', |oe{sup 2}+oe{sup 2}| for a Poincare phase space representation, (oe,oe). The useful property is the phase equation decouples from the magnitude one which leads to a nonlinear, two point boundary value problem for the eigenvalues, or SL numbers. The transformation has been used both theoretically, e.g. Atkinson, [1960] to prove certain properties of SL equations as well as numerically e.g Bailey [1978]. This paper examines the utility of the Prufer transformation in the context of numerical solutions for modes of the ocean acoustic wave equation. (Its use is certainly not well known in the ocean acoustics community.) Equations for the phase, oe, and natural logarithm of the ''magnitude'', ln(|oe{sup 2}+oe{sup 2}|) lead to same decoupling and a fast and efficient numerical solution with the SL eigenvalues mapping to the horizontal wavenubers. The Prufer transformation has stabilty problems for low order modes at high frequecies, so a numerically stable method of integrating the phase equation is derived. This seems to be the first time the these stability issues have been highlighted to provide a robust algorthim for the modes.

Baggeroer, Arthur B. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Normal incidence x-ray mirror for chemical microanalysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An x-ray mirror for both electron column instruments and micro x-ray fluorescence instruments for making chemical, microanalysis comprises a non-planar mirror having, for example, a spherical reflecting surface for x-rays comprised of a predetermined number of alternating layers of high atomic number material and low atomic number material contiguously formed on a substrate and whose layers have a thickness which is a multiple of the wavelength being reflected. For electron column instruments, the wavelengths of interest lie above 1.5nm, while for x-ray fluorescence instruments, the range of interest is below 0.2nm. 4 figs.

Carr, M.J.; Romig, A.D. Jr.

1987-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

442

A perturbation model for normal and sickle cell blood microcirculation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder that alters red blood cells such that their hemoglobin cannot effectively bind and release oxygen. This causes issues that affect how the cell operates in the smallest vessels of ...

Tekleab, Yonatan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Superconductor-normal-superconductor with distributed Sharvin point contacts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A non-linear superconducting junction device comprising a layer of high transient temperature superconducting material which is superconducting at an operating temperature, a layer of metal in contact with the layer of high temperature superconducting material and which remains non-superconducting at the operating temperature, and a metal material which is superconducting at the operating temperature and which forms distributed Sharvin point contacts with the metal layer.

Holcomb, Matthew J. (San Mateo County, CA); Little, William A. (Santa Clara County, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Asymptotic normalization coefficients for C-13+p -> N-14  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The C-13(N-14,C-13)N-14 proton exchange reaction has been measured at an incident energy of 162 MeV. Angular distributions were obtained for proton transfer to the ground and low-lying excited states in N-14. Elastic scattering of N-14 On C-13 also...

Trache, L.; Azhari, A.; Clark, HL; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Lui, YW; Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Tribble, Robert E.; Carstoiu, F.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Electron transport in normal-metal/superconductor junctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 1. Conductance G as a function of the voltage V for an NS (d-wave! junction with $100% interface at T50 and t0 /t50.5. The present calculation ~solid line! is compared with the BTK result ~dashed line!. PRB 61ZHAO, AND CHIA-REN HU FIG. 2.... The same as Fig. 1 but at t0 /t51. dominant contribution to the conductance in the BTK theory. Under the present assumption, however, the transport is due to the decay of quasiparticles in both sides. Such a decaying process is more complex than the BTK...

Yan, XZ; Zhao, HW; Hu, Chia-Ren.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Connection between asymptotic normalization coefficients, subthreshold bound states, and resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift to the pole of the elastic scattering amplitude @1# C.E. Rolfs and W.S. Rodney, Cauldrons in the Cosmos ~The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1988!. @2# H.M. Xu, C.A. Gagliardi, R.E. Tribble, A.M. Mukhamedzha- nov, and N.K. Timofeyuk, Phys...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Tribble, Robert E.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Lattice thermal expansion for normal tetrahedral compound semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

The cubic root of the deviation of the lattice thermal expansion from that of the expected value of diamond for group IV semiconductors, binary compounds of III-V and II-VI, as well as several ternary compounds from groups I-III-VI{sub 2}, II-IV-V{sub 2} and I-IV{sub 2}V{sub 3} semiconductors versus their bonding length are given straight lines. Their slopes were found to be 0.0256, 0.0210, 0.0170, 0.0259, 0.0196, and 0.02840 for the groups above, respectively. Depending on the valence electrons of the elements forming these groups, a formula was found to correlate all the values of the slopes mentioned above to that of group IV. This new formula which depends on the melting point and the bonding length as well as the number of valence electrons for the elements forming the compounds, will gives best calculated values for lattice thermal expansion for all compounds forming the groups mentioned above. An empirical relation is also found between the mean ionicity of the compounds forming the groups and their slopes mentioned above and that gave the mean ionicity for the compound CuGe{sub 2}P{sub 3} in the range of 0.442.

Omar, M.S. [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Salahaddin, Arbil, Iraqi Kurdistan (Iraq)]. E-mail: dr_m_s_omar@yahoo.com

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Pressure Normalization of Production Rates Improves Forecasting Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New decline curve models have been developed to overcome the boundary-dominated flow assumption of the basic Arps models, which restricts their application in ultra-low permeability reservoirs exhibiting long-duration transient flow regimes...

Lacayo Ortiz, Juan Manuel

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

449

Vascular Normalization as an Emerging Strategy to Enhance Cancer Immunotherapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...translatable strategy to re-engineer the tumor-immune microenvironment...vasculature and potentially re-engineer the tumor immune microenvironment...in keeping with the immune environment. This is partly due to tumor...translatable strategy to re-engineer the tumor immune microenvironment...

Yuhui Huang; Shom Goel; Dan G. Duda; Dai Fukumura; and Rakesh K. Jain

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

A Non-Normality Result D.H. Bailey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the summation are integers. That leaves the second expression. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley of Energy, under contract number DE-AC02-05CH11231. 1 #12;Consider the case when n = 3M , where M 1 the first 59049+14276 = 68536 base-6 digits of . In this tabulation we have of course ignored the many

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

451

A normalized weighted entropy measure for sensor allocation within simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Information superiority is considered a critical capability for future joint forces. Sensor allocation and information processing are critical to achieving this information superiority but the value of information is difficult to assess. We develop a ...

Darryl Ahner

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Adaptive Monogenic Filtering and Normalization of ESPI Fringe Patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.L. Marroquin, M. Rivera Centro de Investigaci´on en Matem´aticas Apdo. Postal 402 Guanajuato, Gto. 36000 ·x+), where A, 0 and are constants, corrupted with a white (wide-band) noise process, a narrow band

Rivera, Mariano

453

Normal coordinate analysis of trimethyl-antimony oxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and from Columbia Organic Chemicals, Co. , Inc. Anhydrous ether, from J. T. Baker Chemical Company, was dried over sodium wire. Red and white phosphorus were obtained from Mallinckrodt Chemical Works. Sodium thiosulfate was purchased from Merck and Co.... Silver nitrate was obtained from Sargent-Welch Scientific Company. Anhydrous calcium chloride, from Matheson, Coleman, and Bell, was oven-dried at 110 before use. Antimony trichloride, methanol, magnesium turnings, and iodine were all obtained from...

Morris, Wayne A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

454

Why After-Images are not Seen in Normal Circumstances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... projected in tungsten light. The observer was asked to fixate on the end of the teapot spout for 12 sec. At the end of this time the red light was ... saw a coloured after-image if he continued to look at the end of the teapot spout. The colours of this after-image have been described by Land10. The pillow ...

NIGEL W. DAW

1962-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

455

On Valued Negation Normal Form Formulas Hel`ene Fargier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has been partly supported by the R´egion Nord/Pas-de-Calais, the IRCICA Consortium and by the European as a further, yet more system- atic attempt to bridge the gap between both research streams. We present

Winckler, Marco Antonio Alba

456

NORMAL POSTMORTEM CHANGES IN THE BROWN SHRIMP, PENAEUS AZTECUSI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in water-saturated air or in seawater at a salinity of 30%0. Observations were made at O. 2. 4, 8, 12, 24. Shrimp tails remained tender and soft during the entire storage period of 10 days (at DOC) and did

457

Mechanical compression attenuates normal human bronchial epithelial wound healing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Open Access Research Mechanical compression attenuatesto the application of mechanical compression in the presenceResults: We found that mechanical compression and scrape

Arold, Stephen P.; Malavia, Nikita; George, Steven C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Gravity waves in a rotating basin - normal modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

248) CORA FORMAT tfHO ~ 35Xe3)HCORIOLIS &F) (RADXSEC) WRfTE (6e200) WRfTE(6e249) F'ORMAT&IHO ~ 50X ~ 19HRAOIUS VSe VELOCITYPP) WRITE (6e25()) FORMAT t'IH ~ 53XefAHGULF OF ME)(ICO/'t) WRITE (6e251) FORMAT &)HOT 57XeBH(ROC)Z8Y/) WRITE &6e 252...248) CORA FORMAT tfHO ~ 35Xe3)HCORIOLIS &F) (RADXSEC) WRfTE (6e200) WRfTE(6e249) F'ORMAT&IHO ~ 50X ~ 19HRAOIUS VSe VELOCITYPP) WRITE (6e25()) FORMAT t'IH ~ 53XefAHGULF OF ME)(ICO/'t) WRITE (6e251) FORMAT &)HOT 57XeBH(ROC)Z8Y/) WRITE &6e 252...

Royer, Thomas Clark

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

A compendium of gene expression in normal human tissues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gene Expression Index, the HuGE In- dex, http://www.hugeindex.org) for future studies of patho completion of the human genome project (8, 37a), greater attention is now focused on defining the biological

Weng, Zhiping

460

Exotic normal fusion subsystems of general linear groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......saturated fusion subsystem of index prime to p in (Sn...qe ) up to p-completion, where [n/e] is...saturated fusion subsystem of index prime to p in CFn,q...n/e] pl ) is an index r subgroup of AutCFn...qe ) up to p-completion. Proof. We proceed......

Albert Ruiz

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal normal normal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Asymptotic Expansions for Moments of Skew-Normal Extremes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameter R (written as X SN()) if its probability density function (pdf) is f(x) = 2(x)(x), - and Alam, 2011); population structure of Schima superba in Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve (Liu et al-Mreri, 2011); modeling of seasonal rainfall in Africa (Siebert and Ward, 2011); modeling of HIV viral loads

Sidorov, Nikita

462

Cancer field effects in normal tissues revealed by Raman spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been demonstrated that the presence of cancer results in detectable changes to uninvolved tissues, collectively termed cancer field effects (CFE). In this study, we directly...

Lieber, Chad A; Nethercott, Hubert E; Kabeer, Mustafa H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Lean management as a countermeasure for Normal disruptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The organizations under study in the complex organization literature are high risk systems such as nuclear power plants that often do not have the ... to reduce the level of complexity in their systems significan...

Kathryn A. Marley; Peter T. Ward

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year.. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

465

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa from NREL Africa from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

466

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

El Salvador sites from SUNY El Salvador sites from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

467

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

468

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

469

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh stations from NREL Bangladesh stations from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location, if enough years of data are present. The TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year.. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years.

470

The normalization of meshes and nodes in electrical networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hF7 ,7(39695 u,7?i79grp Sp 8( )8m79 .r 3w + i r ?- 691 8( g 3 ? ? ? ? ,61869( a7, (7g391n ?7 (77 5F65p 89 )797,6+p 5F7 ,7(39695 u,7?i79g87( 13 935 18 coincide with the natural frequencies and that a resonant frequency is greater than...S + R12 + ? i l l ( s ) ? ?+??( ? ?22 ? ?u??? 868?(? ? 0a39 (i.(585i589) m6+i7( u,3e ??+?? S7 F6m7 ???? (36) 22 r-AAA/------V W ro W CO C - O rH - J U U L r ovO I?I CO o iH K1A vOo- OJ Figure 23 ? (? ? ? ?n??? ? ? ???n?? ? 8...

Johnson, Allen Forrest

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

471

Crossover SAFT equation of state: Application for normal alkanes  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors develop a crossover modification of the statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT) equation of state for macromolecular chain fluids which incorporates the scaling laws asymptotically close to the critical point and is transformed into the original classical SAFT equation of state far away from the critical point. A comparison is made with experimental data for pure methane, ethane, n-hexane, n-decane, and n-eicosane in the one- and two-phase regions. The authors also present comparisons with experimental single-phase data for n-triacontane and n-tetracontane. They show that, over a wide range of states, the crossover SAFT model yields a much better representation of the thermodynamic properties of pure fluids than the original SAFT equation of state. The crossover SAFT equation of state reproduces the saturated pressure data in the entire temperature range from the triple point to the critical temperature with an average absolute deviation (AAD) of about 2.9% in the region bounded by 0.05{rho}{sub c} {le} {rho} {le} 2.5{rho}{sub c} and T{sub c} {le} T {le} 2T{sub c}, and the liquid density data with an AAD of about 3% at the pressures up to P = 2,000 bar. For the n-alkanes C{sub m}H{sub 2m+2} with the molecular weight M{sub w} {gt} 142 (m {gt} 10), the crossover SAFT model contains no adjustable parameters and can be used for the pure prediction of the fluid thermodynamic surface.

Kiselev, S.B.; Ely, J.F.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Enhanced normal incidence photocurrent in quantum dot infrared photodetectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, New Mexico 87106 Thomas E. Vandervelde Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tufts for High Technology Materials, ECE Department, University of New Mexico, 1313 Goddard St. SE, Albuquerque, and Sanjay Krishna Center for High Technology Materials, ECE Department, University of New Mexico, 1313

Krishna, Sanjay

473

Temporal Coherence of Normal Modes in an Ocean Waveguide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coherence time of acoustic signals is derived using coupled mode equation to the first order of sound speed perturbation squared. It is found that mode coupling induced by internal waves in a waveguide changes the temporal coherence of the acoustic field. For a typical shallow water environment numerical results show that the coherence time of acoustic field decreases as ?3/2 power of frequency and ?1/2 power of range at high frequencies in accord with experimental data. Ignoring the mode coupling the coherence time of acoustic field decreases as ?1 power of frequency and ?1/2 power of range same as that predicted for acoustic rays.

T. C. Yang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Kiss1 mutant placentas show normal structure and function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Dependence of fertility on kisspeptin-Gpr54 signaling at the GnRH neuron. Nat Commun 2013;4:2492. [35] Castellano JM, Gaytan M, Roa J, Vigo E, Navarro VM, Bellido C, et al. Expression of KiSS-1 in rat ovary: putative local regulator of ovulation...

Herreboudt, A. M.; Kyle, V. R. L.; Lawrence, J.; Doran, J.; Colledge, W. H.

2014-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

475

Normalized Normal Constraint Algorithm Based Multi-objective Optimal Tuning of Decentralised PI Controller of Nonlinear Multivariable Process Coal Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Almost all the industrial processes are multivariable in nature and are very difficult to control, since it involves many variables, strong interactions and nonlinearities. Conventional controllers are most widel...

Rangasamy Kotteeswaran; Lingappan Sivakumar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine A in normal and carrier dogs for Alport Syndrome and transdermal absorption of cyclosporine A in normal dogs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Methods. . . Results. Discussion. VI SUMMARY. REFERENCES . APPENDIX. VITA 1 4 13 Ig 20 22 23 25 27 27 31 38 43 43 44 46 50 50 53 54 56 58 67 68 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE, Page 1 Chemical structure of cyclosponne A 2... and format of the American Journal of Veterinary Research. C Hs H C C CHs CHq J' H CH 0H2 CHq C I Is CII ~ 3 CHq CHs CH CHs 0 CH CH CH. I CHs-. . N---C---CO. --N---C -. . C ---N---C ---CO ---N --C---C---N---CHi C H-. CO 0 H 0 CO CH---CHs ? C CH...

Inan, Guvenc

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

477

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

478

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

479

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from DLR Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002 for selected sites in Ethiopia. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GHI hourly data solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download data (zip, 2.1 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

480

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Central for Central America from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Central America. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

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481

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

482

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002 for selected sites in Kenya. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GHI hourly data Kenya solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download data (zip, 3.9 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

483

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GIS data at 10km resolution for GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

484

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003 for selected sites in Nepal. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GHI hourly data Nepal NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download data (zip, 1.2 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

485

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

km for km for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

486

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

487

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km resolution for 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

488

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

489

Low-Temperature, Normal-Phase HPLC for Separation of Thermally Labile Species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......tris-1,1,1-trifluoro- acetylacetonate [Co(tfa)3], have not...other hand, the elution of the iron(III) complex has not been...mation of a bond between the iron and the oxygen donor of the...reaction of the ligand with iron wire (31). The reaction......

David E. Henderson; Frank P. Novak

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

E-Print Network 3.0 - aids maintain normal Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and control rules representing... . By maintaining an explicit representation of the exploration process, in addition to its individual actions, Aide... on a system to help...

491

Evaluation of the Palmaz stent in the trachea and bronchi of normal dogs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to stent implantation (13.92?.0 mm) were.significantly different (Pcollapse (n=4 CT, 2 TT, and 1 MB), and positive tracheal culture (n...

Radlinsky, Maryann Gerise

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

492

Kinetic role of the metatarsophalangeal joint in normal walking: Joint moment and power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Joint moment and power of the metatarsophalangeal (MP) joint in ... with synchronous measurements of ground reaction forces and foot pressure distribution was performed with the two-segment foot model. Twenty-two...

Youngho Kim; Seunghyeon Kim; Jongsang Son

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Bionic anklefoot prosthesis normalizes walking gait for persons with leg amputation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...actuation with off-board power. In 2007, Versluys et...designed a powered ankle-foot prosthesis with pneumatic actuation and off-board power. The design and development...of walking, when both feet are in contact with the...of external mechanical power during double support...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Download Download Data URL: http:en.openei.orgdatasetsdataset4378e298-a06a-46c3-a187-6eb50b8699d0resource8e9b8d76-5fdb-4162-9e65-5dc5ccbab8fadownload...

495

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shapefile Download Download Shapefile URL: http:en.openei.orgdatasetsdataset4378e298-a06a-46c3-a187-6eb50b8699d0resource70043e8d-e4fe-47b6-a725-18d5d27aaae2download...

496

The functional integrity of normally forested landscapes: A proposal for an index of environmental capital  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...extractive reserves in Acre, Brazil (100), the once-forested...much of the water, the energy, the reflectivity, the habitat...reproducible capital, renewable and nonrenewable resources...Means of four plots in Brazil Year Index 1972 99...products such as rubber, Brazil nuts, and less durable products...

George M. Woodwell

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Zinc and Magnesium in Human Prostate Gland: Normal, Hyperplastic, and Neoplastic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hyperplastic gland. In addition, there was a marked...through a mixed-bed ion-exchange resin. All zinc and magnesium...plastic gland. In addition, there was a marked...S. Histochemi cal Demonstration of Zinc in the Dorsolateral...

Ferenc Gyrkey; Kyung-Whan Min; James A. Huff; and Phyllis Gyrkey

1967-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - astrophysics asymptotic normalization Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bubbles 3 Source: Bicknell, Geoff - Mt. Stromlo Observatory & Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University Collection: Physics 2 High Energy...

499

Increased neonatal mortality among normal-weight births beyond 41 weeks of gestation in California.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the corresponding birth certificates for all infants borndate (LMP) on the birth certificate to estimate gestationalstudy us- ing California birth certificate data finds that,

Bruckner, Tim A; Cheng, Yvonne W; Caughey, Aaron B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

CFD Simulation of the CANDU-6 Moderator Circulation Under Normal Operating Conditions  

SciTech Connect

A steady-state 3D simulation for predicting the local subcooling of the moderator in the vicinity of the calandria tubes in a CANDU-6 reactor is performed. For the current simulation, a set of grid structures with the same geometry as the CANDU-6 moderator tank, called 'calandria vessel', is generated and the momentum, heat and continuity equations are solved by CFX-4.3, a CFD code developed by AEA technology. The standard k-{epsilon} turbulence model associated with logarithmic wall treatment is used to model turbulence generation and dissipation within the vessel. The moderator fluid is heavy water. Buoyancy forces are modeled using the Boussinesq approximation in which density is assumed to be a linear function of temperature. The matrix of the calandria tubes in the center region of the calandria vessel is simplified by the porous media approach. The anisotropic hydraulic impedance of the calandria tubes is modeled using the frictional pressure drop correlations suggested by Idelchik and Szymanski. The heat load in this steady-state simulation is conservatively set as 103 MW of 103% full power, consisting of 96.7 MW to the core region and 6.3 MW to the reflector region. The total volumetric flow rate through eight inlet nozzles is 940 L/s and the outlet temperature is constantly 71.0 deg. C. The thermal boundary condition of the circumferential vessel wall is assumed a little heat flux out. As a result, the velocity field and temperature distribution of a CANDU-6 moderator in the operating condition are presented. The flow pattern identified in this simulation is the weak jet momentum-dominated flow, which is generated by the interaction between the buoyancy force by heating and the dominant momentum forces by inlet jets. The calculated maximum temperature of the moderator is 83.0 deg. C at the lower center region of the core, which corresponds to the minimum subcooling of 33.0 deg. C considering the boiling point increase due to the hydrostatic pressure change. (authors)

Bo Wook Rhee; Churl Yoon; Byung-Joo Min [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150, Dukjin-Dong, Yusong-Gu, Taejon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z