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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Normal incidence x-ray mirror for chemical microanalysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An x-ray mirror for both electron column instruments and micro x-ray fluorescence instruments for making chemical, microanalysis comprises a non-planar mirror having, for example, a spherical reflecting surface for x-rays comprised of a predetermined number of alternating layers of high atomic number material and low atomic number material contiguously formed on a substrate and whose layers have a thickness which is a multiple of the wavelength being reflected. For electron column instruments, the wavelengths of interest lie above 1.5nm, while for x-ray fluorescence instruments, the range of interest is below 0.2nm. 4 figs.

Carr, M.J.; Romig, A.D. Jr.

1987-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

2

Compact scanning soft-x-ray microscope using a laser-produced plasma source and normal-incidence multilayer mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have constructed a scanning soft-x-ray microscope that uses a laser-produced plasma as the soft-x-ray source and normal-incidence multilayer-coated mirrors in a Schwarzschild...

Trail, J A; Byer, R L

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Aplanatic two mirror telescope from near-normal to grazing incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Surface equations for strictly aplanatic two-mirror telescopes of any configuration are given. They were used in a comparative performance analysis of the general Cassegrainian...

Korsch, Dietrich

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Normal-incidence Sb/B{sub 4}C multilayer mirrors for the 80 A < {lambda} < 120 A wavelength range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Periodic and aperiodic Sb/B4C multilayer structures have been theoretically calculated and synthesised for the first time for the application in soft X-ray optics in the 80 A < {lambda} < 120 A range. The reflection spectra of the periodic multilayer mirrors are measured using synchrotron radiation and laser plasma-generated radiation. The experimental spectra are theoretically interpreted with the inclusion of transition layers and substrate roughness. The density of antimony layers is supposedly {rho}{sub (Sb)} = 6.0 g cm{sup -3}, and the thickness of transition layers (if any) in the Sb/B4C multilayer structures does not exceed 10 A. A peak reflectivity of 19 % is attained at a wavelength of 85 A. An aperiodic mirror optimised for maximum uniform reflectivity in the 100 - 120 A range is tested employing the laser plasma radiation source. (x-ray optics)

Vishnyakov, E A; Voronov, D L; Gullikson, E M; Kondratenko, V V; Kopylets, I A; Luginin, M S; Pirozhkov, A S; Ragozin, Evgenii N; Shatokhin, A N

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

5

E-Print Network 3.0 - appendage system continued Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine 31 Mechanical performance of aquatic rowing Jerey A. Walker* and Mark W. Westneat Summary: appendages across a range of speeds. Flapping appendages proved...

6

Coordination of multiple appendages in drag-based swimming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...appendages for multi-oared propulsion. The typical Reynolds number...another example of drag-based propulsion with multiple appendages...of Bill Peterson, Hatfield Marine Center, Newport, OR...of a body with drag-based propulsion. The model provides a quantitative...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Switchable Mirrors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Switchable Mirrors Switchable Mirrors Speaker(s): Ronald Griessen Date: July 17, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Thomas Richardson Switchable mirrors based on rare earth hydrides were discovered in my laboratory in 1994. PhD student J.N. Huiberts observed a reversible metal-to-insulator transition when a thin film (150 to 500 nm) of yttrium or lanthanum coated with a thin layer of palladium was exposed to hydrogen gas. The transition accompanies conversion of a metallic dihydride phase to a semiconducting trihydride. Since then, our group has carried out fundamental research that has elucidated many important aspects of switchable mirror phenomena. This talk will include demonstrations of the spectacular changes in optical properties in rare earth hydride films, and

8

Mirror mount  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mirror mount is provided that allows free pitch, yaw and roll motion of the mirror while keeping the location of a point on the surface of the mirror fixed in the rest frame of reference of the mount. Yaw movement is provided by two yaw cylinders that are bearing mounted to provide rotation. Pitch and roll motion is provided by a spherically annular shell that is air bearing mounted to move between a clamp and an upper pedestal bearing. The centers of curvature of the spherical surfaces of the shell lie upon the point. Pitch motion and roll motion are separately and independently imparted to mirror by a pair of pitch paddles and a pair of roll paddles that are independently and separately moved by control rods driven by motors.

Humpal, H.H.

1986-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

9

Mirror mount  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mirror mount (10) is provided that allows free pitch, yaw and roll motion of the mirror (28) while keeping the location of a point (56) on the surface of the mirror (28) fixed in the rest frame of reference of the mount (10). Yaw movement is provided by two yaw cylinders (30,32) that are bearing (52) mounted to provide rotation. Pitch and roll motion is provided by a spherically annular shell (42) that is air bearing (72,74) mounted to move between a clamp (60) and an upper pedestal bearing (44). The centers of curvature of the spherical surfaces of the shell (42) lie upon the point (56). Pitch motion and roll motion are separately and independently imparted to mirror (28) by a pair of pitch paddles (34) and a pair of roll paddles (36) that are independently and separately moved by control rods (76,80) driven by motors (78,82).

Humpal, Harold H. (San Ramon, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Mirror mount  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mirror mount is provided that allows free pitch, yaw and roll motion of the mirror while keeping the location of a point on the surface of the mirror fixed in the rest frame of reference of the mount. Yaw movement is provided by two yaw cylinders that are bearing mounted to provide rotation. Pitch and roll motion is provided by a spherically annular shell that is air bearing mounted to move between a clamp and an upper pedestal bearing. The centers of curvature of the spherical surfaces of the shell lie upon the point. Pitch motion and roll motion are separately and independently imparted to mirror by a pair of pitch paddles and a pair of roll paddles that are independently and separately moved by control rods driven by motors. 5 figs.

Humpal, H.H.

1987-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

11

E-Print Network 3.0 - atrial appendage flow Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bypass: Atrial septal defect Summary: atrial appendage, and in the group undergoing patch closure of the ASD, another additional purse... the purse-string suture on the right...

12

E-Print Network 3.0 - atrial appendage exclusion Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bypass: Atrial septal defect Summary: atrial appendage, and in the group undergoing patch closure of the ASD, another additional purse... the purse-string suture on the right...

13

An Advanced Fast Steering Mirror for optical communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I describe in this thesis the design, fabrication, assembly, and testing of an Advanced Fast Steering Mirror (AFSM) for precision optical platforms. The AFSM consists of a mirror driven in two rotational axes by normal ...

Kluk, Daniel Joseph

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Magnetic resonance imaging of the left atrial appendage post pulmonary vein isolation: Implications for percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground There is increasing interest in performing left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion at the time of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedures. However, to date there has been no description of the acute changes to the LAA immediately following pulmonary vein (PV) isolation and additional left atrium (LA) substrate modification. This study assessed changes in the size and tissue characteristics of the LAA ostium in patients undergoing PV isolation. Methods This series included 8 patients who underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance evaluation of the LA with delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging and contrast enhanced 3-D magnetic resonance angiography pre-, within 48 h of, and 3 months post ablation. Two independent cardiac radiologists evaluated the ostial LAA diameters and area at each time point in addition to the presence of gadolinium enhancement. Results Compared to pre-ablation values, the respective median differences in oblique diameters and LAA area were +1.8 mm, +1.7 mm, and +0.6 cm2 immediately post ablation (all NS) and ?2.7 mm, ?2.3 mm, and ?0.5 cm2 at 3 months (all NS). No delayed enhancement was detected in the LAA post ablation. Conclusion No significant change to LAA diameter, area, or tissue characteristics was noted after PV isolation. While these findings suggest the safety and feasibility of concomitant PV isolation and LAA device occlusion, the variability in the degree and direction of change of the LAA measurements highlights the need for further study.

Sheldon M. Singh; Laura Jimenez-Juan; Asaf Danon; Gorka Bastarrika; Andriy V. Shmatukha; Graham A. Wright; Eugene Crystal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Mirror Technology Roadmap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NASA’s Mirror Technology Roadmap identifies specific capabilities requiring significant advances in optical fabrication and testing to enable the next generation of...

Stahl, H Philip

16

ESnet IPv6 Mirror Servers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mirror Servers Engineering Services The Network OSCARS Fasterdata IPv6 Network IPv6 Implementation Checklist ESnet IPv6 Mirror Servers ESnet IPv6 History ESnet supports Sandia and...

17

Broadband extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirror for supercontinuum light at a photon energy of 35-65 eV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a broadband multilayer mirror for photon energies between 35 and 65 eV. This extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mirror has an almost flat reflectivity profile at normal...

Hatayama, Masatoshi; Takenaka, Hisataka; Gullikson, Eric M; Suda, Akira; Midorikawa, Katsumi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Nanolaminate deformable mirrors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A deformable mirror formed out of two layers of a nanolaminate foil attached to a stiff substrate is introduced. Deformation is provided by an electrostatic force between two of the layers. The internal stiffness of the structure allows for high-spatial-frequency shapes. The nanolaminate foil of the present invention allows for a high-quality mirror surface. The device achieves high precision in the vertical direction by using foils with accurately controlled thicknesses, but does not require high precision in the lateral dimensions, allowing such mirrors to be fabricated using crude lithography techniques. Such techniques allow structures up to about the meter scale to be fabricated.

Papavasiliou, Alexandros P. (Oakland, CA); Olivier, Scot S. (Santa Cruz, CA)

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

19

Background-reducing X-ray multilayer mirror  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Background-reducing x-ray multilayer mirror. A multiple-layer "wavetrap" deposited over the surface of a layered, synthetic-microstructure soft x-ray mirror optimized for reflectivity at chosen wavelengths is disclosed for reducing the reflectivity of undesired, longer wavelength incident radiation incident thereon. In three separate mirror designs employing an alternating molybdenum and silicon layered, mirrored structure overlaid by two layers of a molybdenum/silicon pair anti-reflection coating, reflectivities of near normal incidence 133, 171, and 186 .ANG. wavelengths have been optimized, while that at 304 .ANG. has been minimized. The optimization process involves the choice of materials, the composition of the layer/pairs as well as the number thereof, and the distance therebetween for the mirror, and the simultaneous choice of materials, the composition of the layer/pairs, and their number and distance for the "wavetrap."

Bloch, Jeffrey J. (Los Alamos, NM); Roussel-Dupre', Diane (Los Alamos, NM); Smith, Barham W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Physics of mirror systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years the emphasis in research on the magnetic mirror approach to fusion has been shifted to address what are essentially economically-motivated issues. The introduction of the Tandem Mirror idea solved in principal the problem of low Q (low fusion power gain) of mirror-based fusion systems. In order to optimize the tandem mirror idea from an economic standpoint, some important improvements have been suggested. These improvements include the thermal barrier idea of Baldwin and Logan and the axicell concept of Kesner. These new modifications introduce some special physics considerations. Among these are (1) The MHD stability properties of high energy electron components in the end cells; (2) The optimization of end-cell magnetic field configurations with the objective of minimizing equilibrium parallel currents; (3) The suppression of microstabilities by use of sloshing ion distributions. Following a brief outline of tandem mirror concepts, the above three topics are discussed, with illustrative examples taken from earlier work or from recent design studies.

Post, R.F.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Lithium-based electrochromic mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson*with pure antimony films. Electrochromic cycling speed andand silver. INTRODUCTION Electrochromic devices that exhibit

Richardson, Thomas J.; Slack, Jonathan L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Science, Optics and You: Mirror and Images  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

opticstutorialsindex.html INTRODUCTION MIRRORS AND IMAGES MODULE m3 SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK - 44 - SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK - 45 - m3: Mirrors and...

23

Electrons and Mirror Symmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutral weak force between an electron and a target particle, mediated by the Z boson, can be isolated by measuring the fractional change under a mirror reflection of the scattering probability of relativistic longitudinally polarized electrons off unpolarized targets. This technique yields neutral weak force measurements at a length scale of 1 femtometer, in contrast to high energy collider measurements that probe much smaller length scales. Study of the variation of the weak force over a range of length scales provides a stringent test of theory, complementing collider measurements. We describe a recent measurement of the neutral weak force between two electrons by the E158 experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. While the weak force between an electron and positron has been extensively studied, that between two electrons had never directly been measured. We conclude by discussing prospects for even more precise measurements at future facilities.

Kumar, Krishna (University of Massachusetts, Amherst) [University of Massachusetts, Amherst

2007-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

24

ROSAT wide field camera mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ROSAT wide field camera (WFC) is an XUV telescope operating in the 12–250-eV energy band. The mirror system utilizes Wolter-Schwarzschild type I (WS I) grazing incidence optics...

Willingale, R

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Evolution of the mirror machine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The history of the magnetic-mirror approach to a fusion reactor is primarily the history of our understanding and control of several crucial physics issues, coupled with progress in the technology of heating and confining a reacting plasma. The basic requirement of an MHD-stable plasma equilibrium was achieved following the early introduction of minimum-B multipolar magnetic fields. In refined form, the same magnetic-well principle carries over to our present experiments and to reactor designs. The higher frequency microinstabilities, arising from the non-Maxwellian particle distributions inherent in mirror machines, have gradually come under control as theoretical prescriptions for distribution functions have been applied in the experiments. Even with stability, the classical plasma leakage through the mirrors posed a serious question for reactor viability until the principle of electrostatic axial stoppering was applied in the tandem mirror configuration. Experiments to test this principle successfully demonstrated the substantial improvement in confinement predicted. Concurrent with advances in mirror plasma physics, development of both high-power neutral beam injectors and high-speed vacuum pumping techniques has played a crucial role in ongoing experiments. Together with superconducting magnets, cryogenic pumping, and high-power radiofrequency heating, these technologies have evolved to a level that extrapolates readily to meet the requirements of a tandem mirror fusion reactor.

Damm, C. C.

1983-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

26

Firewalls, smoke and mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The radiation emitted by a black hole (BH) during its evaporation has to have some degree of quantum coherence to accommodate a unitary time evolution. We parametrize the degree of coherence by the number of coherently emitted particles $N_{coh}$ and show that it is severely constrained by the equivalence principle. We discuss, in this context, the fate of a shell of matter that falls into a Schwarzschild BH. Two points of view are considered, that of a stationary external observer and that of the shell itself. From the perspective of the shell, the near-horizon region has an energy density proportional to $N_{coh}^2$ in Schwarzschild units. So, if $N_{coh}$ is parameterically larger than the square root of the BH entropy $S_{BH}^ {1/2}$, a firewall or more generally a "wall of smoke" forms and the equivalence principle is violated while the BH is still semiclassical. To have a degree of coherence that is parametrically smaller than $S_{BH}^{1/2}$, one has to introduce a new sub-Planckian gravitational length scale, which likely also violates the equivalence principle. And so our previously proposed model which has $N_{coh}=S_{BH}^{1/2}$ is singled out. From the external-observer perspective, we find that the time it takes for the information about the state of the shell to get re-emitted from the BH is inversely proportional to $N_{coh}$. When the rate of information release becomes order unity, the semiclassical approximation starts to break down and the BH becomes a perfect reflecting information mirror.

Ram Brustein; A. J. M. Medved

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

27

Compact neutron imaging system using axisymmetric mirrors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dispersed release of neutrons is generated from a source. A portion of this dispersed neutron release is reflected by surfaces of a plurality of nested, axisymmetric mirrors in at least an inner mirror layer and an outer mirror layer, wherein the neutrons reflected by the inner mirror layer are incident on at least one mirror surface of the inner mirror layer N times, wherein N is an integer, and wherein neutrons reflected by the outer mirror are incident on a plurality of mirror surfaces of the outer layer N+i times, where i is a positive integer, to redirect the neutrons toward a target. The mirrors can be formed by a periodically reversed pulsed-plating process.

Khaykovich, Boris; Moncton, David E; Gubarev, Mikhail V; Ramsey, Brian D; Engelhaupt, Darell E

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

28

Fokker-Planck equation in mirror research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Open confinement systems based on the magnetic mirror principle depend on the maintenance of particle distributions that may deviate substantially from Maxwellian distributions. Mirror research has therefore from the beginning relied on theoretical predictions of non-equilibrium rate processes obtained from solutions to the Fokker-Planck equation. The F-P equation plays three roles: Design of experiments, creation of classical standards against which to compare experiment, and predictions concerning mirror based fusion power systems. Analytical and computational approaches to solving the F-P equation for mirror systems will be reviewed, together with results and examples that apply to specific mirror systems, such as the tandem mirror.

Post, R.F.

1983-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

29

Alpha Channeling in Mirror Machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of their engineering simplicity, high-?, and steady-state operation, mirror machines and related open-trap machines such as gas dynamic traps, are an attractive concept for achieving controlled nuclear fusion. In these open-trap machines, the confinement occurs by means of magnetic mirroring, without the magnetic field lines closing upon themselves within the region of particle confinement. Unfortunately, these concepts have not achieved to date very spectacular laboratory results, and their reactor prospects are dimmed by the prospect of a low Q-factor, the ratio of fusion power produced to auxiliary power. Nonetheless, because of its engineering promise, over the years numerous improvements have been proposed to enhance the reactor prospects of mirror fusion, such as tandem designs, end-plugging, and electric potential barriers.

Fisch N.J.

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

30

Parasitic driven heliostat mirror declinator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An automatic parasitically driven declinator is disclosed for changing the tilt angle of the mirror of a heliostat to provide solar declination tracking by the heliostat. The declinator includes an axial gear drive train coupled to the polar axial shaft of the heliostat, which shaft is rotated. A pendulum arrangement coupled via an input shaft to the axial gear drive train is substantially held in plumb position by gravity wherein the gear drive train is driven as it is rotated about the polar axis by the polar axial shaft. An output shaft coupled to the gear train is rotated to drive a skew bar linkage assembly that is connected to the mirror mounting assembly of the heliostat. The gear ratio of the gear drive train assembly is made 365:1 so that the mirror angle is annually nutated a predetermined number of degrees corresponding to the cyclic variations of solar declination.

Rhodes, W.A.

1983-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

31

Compaction managed mirror bend achromat  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for controlling the momentum compaction in a beam of charged particles. The method includes a compaction-managed mirror bend achromat (CMMBA) that provides a beamline design that retains the large momentum acceptance of a conventional mirror bend achromat. The CMMBA also provides the ability to tailor the system momentum compaction spectrum as desired for specific applications. The CMMBA enables magnetostatic management of the longitudinal phase space in Energy Recovery Linacs (ERLs) thereby alleviating the need for harmonic linearization of the RF waveform.

Douglas, David (Yorktown, VA)

2005-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

32

CubeSat deformable mirror demonstration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of the CubeSat Deformable Mirror Demonstration (DeMi) is to characterize the performance of a small deformable mirror over a year in low-Earth orbit. Small form factor deformable mirrors are a key technology needed ...

Cahoy, Kerri

33

LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

870 870 rd Presented at the 203 Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, April 28-30, 2003 in Paris, France and published in the Proceedings. Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Thomas J. Richardson and Jonathan L. Slack Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory April 2003 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs, Office of Building Research and Standards of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson* and Jonathan L. Slack Building Technologies Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California 94720, USA

34

Metal multilayer mirrors for EUV wide field telescopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metal multilayer mirrors have been designed for the ALEXIS satellite, which is to carry six wide field telescopes to perform an all-sky survey in three or four narrow wavelength bands in the EUV. Comprised of alternating layers of molybdenum and silicon, the mirrors are optimized to provide maximum reflectivity at angles from 11.5 to 17/degree/ off normal incidence and at wavelengths of 133, 171, or 186A. Simultaneously, the mirrors use a ''wavetrap'' described below to suppress reflectivity at 304A, where the extremely strong geocoronal line of He II causes severe background problems. Low reflectivity at 304A is achieved by superposing two layer pairs that provide destructive interference with an effective 2d spacing of 152A. The Mo layers in this wavetrap must be very thin, about 10A each, in order to allow the shorter wavelengths desired for peak reflectivity to penetrate without significant attenuation. Because refraction changes the effective angle of passage through the wavetrap, a joint optimization between layer thicknesses in the deep layers and the wavetrap layers must be performed for each target peak wavelength. For the 186A mirror, the optimum design from substrate upward is 40 layer pairs, each 74A Si and 31A Mo, followed by 2 layer pairs, each 55A Si and 10A Mo. Calculations predict this design will have a peak reflectivity at 186A of 35 percent and a 304A reflectivity less than 10/sup /minus/5/, if available optical constants are correct and the multilayer can be fabricated without difficulty. We will present details of the calculations and laboratory measurements of the reflectivity performance attained with prototype mirrors. 6 refs., 2 figs.

Smith, B.W.; Bloch, J.J.; Roussel-Dupre,D.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Deformable mirror for short wavelength applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A deformable mirror compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation that can be precisely controlled to nanometer and subnanometer accuracy is described. Actuators are coupled between a reaction plate and a face plate which has a reflective coating. A control system adjusts the voltage supplied to the actuators; by coordinating the voltages supplied to the actuators, the reflective surface of the mirror can be deformed to correct for dimensional errors in the mirror or to produce a desired contour.

Chapman, Henry N. (2417 Kilkare Rd., Sunol, CA 94586); Sweeney, Donald W. (5020 Canyon Crest Dr., San Ramon, CA 94583)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Cryogenic wavefront correction using membrane deformable mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micro-machined membrane deformable mirrors (MMDMs) are being evaluated for their suitability as wavefront correctors at cryogenic temperatures. Presented here are experimental...

Dyson, Harold; Sharples, Ray; Dipper, N; Vdovin, Gleb

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Miniature Kinematic Mirror Mount for UHV Service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A miniature kinematic mount allows adjustment of mirror pointing inside ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) by rotating finely threaded screws outside of vacuum. The mount assembly is less than...

Havstad, Mark A; McLean, William; Lewis, Rebecca C

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

POLYMERIC MIRROR FILMS: DURABILITY IMPROVEMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact Test Methods Corrosion Coating failure Edge sealing failure Mirror graying Loss of reflectivity Damp heat Outdoor exposure Abrasion Installation Windborne sand Low...

39

Neutron - Mirror Neutron Oscillations: How Fast Might They Be?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the phenomenological implications of the neutron (n) oscillation into the mirror neutron (n'), a hypothetical particle exactly degenerate in mass with the neutron but sterile to normal matter. We show that the present experimental data allow a maximal n-n' oscillation in vacuum with a characteristic time $\\tau$ much shorter than the neutron lifetime, in fact as small as 1 sec. This phenomenon may manifest in neutron disappearance and regeneration experiments perfectly accessible to present experimental capabilities and may also have interesting astrophysical consequences, in particular for the propagation of ultra high energy cosmic rays.

Zurab Berezhiani; Luis Bento

2005-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

40

Plasma debris sputter resistant x-ray mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A diamond-like carbon (DLC) mirror, used as a grazing incident mirror in a plasma x-ray source, exhibits a high resistance to plasma debris sputtering. Good mirror reflectivity at a...

Amano, Sho; Inoue, Tomoaki; Harada, Tetsuo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Cryogenic optical testing of sandwich-type silicon carbide mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experimental cryogenic performance of 160-mm-diameter silicon carbide (SiC) mirrors, one of which, a 700-mm-diameter mirror, is to be used as a primary mirror of the Japanese...

Kaneda, Hidehiro; Onaka, Takashi; Kawada, Mitsunobu; Murakami, Hiroshi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Evidence for Collisionless Damping of Unstable Waves in a Mirror-Confined Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of density thresholds for an ion-cyclotron instability in a mirror-confined plasma are interpreted in terms of a boundary for Landau damping of the unstable waves. Allowing for an observed normal-mode structure, experimental threshold values are accounted for quantitatively.

C. C. Damm, J. H. Foote, A. H. Futch, Jr., A. L. Hunt, K. Moses, R. F. Post, and J. B. Taylor

1970-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

43

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature Richard Rorty Philosophy and the Mir- ror of Nature hit has since gone on to be- come one of its all-time best-sellers in philosophy. Rorty argued that, repairing, and polishing the mirror-- belongs to philosophy. Rorty's book was a powerful critique

Landweber, Laura

44

LED structure with enhanced mirror reflectivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments of the present invention are generally related to LED chips having improved overall emission by reducing the light-absorbing effects of barrier layers adjacent mirror contacts. In one embodiment, a LED chip comprises one or more LEDs, with each LED having an active region, a first contact under the active region having a highly reflective mirror, and a barrier layer adjacent the mirror. The barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that it does not extend beyond the periphery of the mirror. In another possible embodiment, an insulator is further provided, with the insulator adjacent the barrier layer and adjacent portions of the mirror not contacted by the active region or by the barrier layer. In yet another embodiment, a second contact is provided on the active region. In a further embodiment, the barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that the periphery of the mirror is at least 40% free of the barrier layer, and the second contact is below the first contact and accessible from the bottom of the chip.

Bergmann, Michael; Donofrio, Matthew; Heikman, Sten; Schneider, Kevin S; Haberern, Kevin W; Edmond, John A

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Technology for large tandem mirror experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Construction of a large tandem mirror (MFTF-B) will soon begin at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Designed to reach break-even plasma conditions, the facility will significantly advance the physics and technology of magnetic-mirror-based fusion reactors. This paper describes the objectives and the design of the facility.

Thomassen, K.I.

1980-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

46

Concentrating Solar Power: Energy from Mirrors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mirror mirror on the wall, what's the Mirror mirror on the wall, what's the greatest energy source of all? The sun. Enough energy from the sun falls on the Earth everyday to power our homes and businesses for almost 30 years. Yet we've only just begun to tap its potential. You may have heard about solar electric power to light homes or solar thermal power used to heat water, but did you know there is such a thing as solar thermal-electric power? Electric utility companies are using mirrors to concentrate heat from the sun to produce environmentally friendly electricity for cities, especially in the southwestern United States. The southwestern United States is focus- ing on concentrating solar energy because it's one of the world's best areas for sun- light. The Southwest receives up to twice the sunlight as other regions in the coun-

47

Deformable Mirror Materials Issue Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It was a pleasure to speak with you and Dr. Olivier Guyon about your project to develop a coronagraph and in particular about materials science considerations in the development of the deformable mirror (DM) for the coronagraph. The coronagraph application will demand more of a DM than previous applications with regard to precision, and since the characterization and modeling tools are currently under development, you asked me to comment on materials issues that might impact the DM design and testing. I have not conducted research on this question, and my own research on modeling MEMS has not included DM systems. I am only in a position to discuss some general considerations that may help in developing a research plan for the DM system. As I understand it, the relevant points about the DM system are as follows. The DM surface needs to be positioned to less than 1 {angstrom} RMS of the desired shape, and be stable to 0.3 {angstrom} RMS for an hour. In the ultimate application in space the stability requirements may be greater. For example, the DM shape can be set using a bright star and then allow the coronagraph to be turned to a dim star to collect data for several hours, counting on the mirror shape to be stable. The DM is made of a polysilicon membrane coated with one or more metal layers for the reflective surface and actuated by 32x32 or 64x64 electrostatic actuators on the back side. The uncertainty in the position of any one actuator should be at the few-picometer level or less averaged over the 300-{micro}m region of the actuator. Currently, experiments are conducted that can characterize the surface shape to the 1 nm level, and it is anticipated that the experiments will be able to characterize the shape at the sub-Angstrom level but not in the immediate future. Regarding stability, under relatively large deformations (10's of nm), the DM mirror surface shows no hysteresis at the measurable nm level. Let me begin by saying that I am not aware of any article in the literature that directly assesses surface position stability at the sub-Angstrom level across 100's of microns of surface. Interferometry is typically used for precise metrology over areas this large, but not typically at the sub-Angstrom level. For the purpose of these comments, I assume that it will be possible to measure the precision of the mirror shape and stability at the requisite sub-Angstrom level at some point during the coronagraph development using interferometers or some other high-precision metrology technique. The hope is that the comments at this point may identify some potential issues that can be resolved early in the development to avoid costly surprises in the later stages.

Rudd, R E

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

48

Particle Deconfinement in a Bent Magnetic Mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coils misalignment in a magnetic mirror can produce additional particle transport. The magnetic field non axi-symmetry is responsible for radial and longitudinal drifts in a way much similar to the neo-classical transport in a tandem mirror cell distorted by end plugs. Accordingly, a regime exhibiting large radial displacements - similar to the resonant regime in tandem mirrors - can be obtained by confining ions azimuthally, for example by means of a properly tuned radial electric field. Because of the mass dependence of the magnetic field non-homogeneity drift velocities, the azimuthal trapping is mass specific, allowing in principle the filtering of a specific species based on its mass.

Renaud Gueroult and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

49

Do Mirrors for Gravitational Waves Exist?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin superconducting films are predicted to be highly reflective mirrors for gravitational waves at microwave frequencies. The quantum mechanical non-localizability of the negatively charged Cooper pairs, which is protected from the localizing effect of decoherence by an energy gap, causes the pairs to undergo non-picturable, non-geodesic motion in the presence of a gravitational wave. This non-geodesic motion, which is accelerated motion through space, leads to the existence of mass and charge supercurrents inside the superconducting film. On the other hand, the decoherence-induced localizability of the positively charged ions in the lattice causes them to undergo picturable, geodesic motion as they are carried along with space in the presence of the same gravitational wave. The resulting separation of charges leads to a virtual plasma excitation within the film that enormously enhances its interaction with the wave, relative to that of a neutral superfluid or any normal matter. The existence of strong mass supercurrents within a superconducting film in the presence of a gravitational wave, dubbed the "Heisenberg-Coulomb effect," implies the specular reflection of a gravitational microwave from a film whose thickness is much less than the London penetration depth of the material, in close analogy with the electromagnetic case. The argument is developed by allowing classical gravitational fields, which obey Maxwell-like equations, to interact with quantum matter, which is described using the BCS and Ginzburg-Landau theories of superconductivity, as well as a collisionless plasma model. Several possible experimental tests of these ideas, including mesoscopic ones, are presented alongside comments on the broader theoretical implications of the central hypothesis.

Stephen J. Minter; Kirk Wegter-McNelly; Raymond Y. Chiao

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

50

Lenses and Mirrors for Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the design simulation of the nonimaging Fresnel lens solar concentrator was completed, we thought of the lens as being a direct competitor to the compound parabolic concentrator (CPC), which is a mirror-b...

Dr. Ralf Leutz; Dr. Akio Suzuki

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Two-mirror Schwarzschild aplanats: Basic relations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The theory of aplanatic two-mirror telescopes developed by Karl Schwarzschild in 1905 is shown to lead to ... extended to ascertain the image quality in exact Schwarzschild aplanats. A comparison of Schwarzschild

V. Yu. Terebizh

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Mirror Advanced Reactor Study interim design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The status of the design of a tenth-of-a-kind commercial tandem-mirror fusion reactor is described at the midpoint of a two-year study. When completed, the design is to serve as a strategic goal for the mirror fusion program. The main objectives of the Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) are: (1) to design an attractive tandem-mirror fusion reactor producing electricity and synfuels (in alternate versions), (2) to identify key development and technology needs, and (3) to exploit the potential of fusion for safety, low activation, and simple disposal of radioactive waste. In the first year we have emphasized physics and engineering of the central cell and physics of the end cell. Design optimization and trade studies are continuing, and we expect additional modifications in the end cells to further improve the performance of the final design.

Not Available

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Neutron diagnostics for mirror hybrids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fusion-fission (FuFi) hybrids will need instrumentation to diagnose the deuteriumtritium plasma, whose 14-MeV neutron emission is the driver of the sub-critical fission core. While the fission neutron yield rate (Y{sub fi} and hence power P{sub fi}) can be monitored with standard instrumentation, fusion plasmas in hybrids require special diagnostics where the determination of Y{sub th} ({proportional_to}P{sub fu}) is a challenge. Information on Y{sub fu} is essential for assessing the fusion plasma performance which together with Y{sub fi} allows for the validation of the neutron multiplication factor (k) of the subcritical fission core. Diagnostics for hybrid plasmas are heuristically discussed with special reference to straight field line mirror (SFLM). Relevant DT plasma experience from JET and plans for ITER in the main line of fusion research were used as input. It is shown that essential SFLM plasma information can potentially be obtained with proposed instrumentation, but the state of the hybrid plasma must be predictably robust as derived from fully diagnosed dedicated experiments without interface restrictions of the hybrid application.

Kaellne, Jan; Noack, Klaus; Agren, Olov; Gorini, Giuseppe; Tardocchi, Marco; Grosso, Giovanni [Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 256, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Universita degli Studi di Milano - Bicocca, Dip. di Fisica 'G. Occhialini', Piazza della Scienza 3, 20126, Milan (Italy)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

54

The mirror effect: Virginia Woolf's war writings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Semor Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2000 Group: Humanities THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Senior Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas Ak...

Murchison, Marcia Wilkens

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

55

Motorized control for mirror mount apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A motorized control and automatic braking system for adjusting mirror mount apparatus is disclosed. The motor control includes a planetary gear arrangement to provide improved pitch adjustment capability while permitting a small packaged design. The motor control for mirror mount adjustment is suitable for laser beam propagation applications. The brake is a system of constant contact, floating detents which engage the planetary gear at selected between-teeth increments to stop rotation instantaneously when the drive motor stops.

Cutburth, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Experimental study on vortex-induced motions of a semi-submersible platform with four square columns, Part I: Effects of current incidence angle and hull appendages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study on Vortex-Induced Motion (VIM) of the semi-submersible platform concept with four square columns is presented. Model tests were carried out to check the influence of different headings and hull appendages (riser supports located at the pontoons; fairleads and the mooring stretches located vertically at the external column faces; and hard pipes located vertically at the internal column faces). The results comprise in-line, transverse and yaw motions, as well as combined motions in the XY plane, drag and lift forces and spectral analysis. The main results showed that VIM in the transverse direction occurred in a range of reduced velocity 4.0 up to 14.0 with amplitude peaks around reduced velocities around 7.0 and 8.0. The largest transverse amplitudes obtained were around 40% of the column width for 30° and 45° incidences. Another important result observed was a considerable yaw motion oscillation, in which a synchronization region could be identified as a resonance phenomenon. The largest yaw motions were verified for the 0° incidence and the maxima amplitudes around 4.5°. The hull appendages located at columns had the greatest influence on the VIM response of the semi-submersible.

Rodolfo T. Gonçalves; Guilherme F. Rosetti; André L.C. Fujarra; Allan C. Oliveira

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Mirror-based hybrids of recent design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Early application of the simple axisymmetric mirror requiring intermediate performance between a neutron source for materials testing Q=Pfusion/Pinput ?0.05 and pure fusion Q>10 are the hybrid applications. The Axisymmetric Mirror has attractive features as a driver for a fusion-fission hybrid system: geometrical simplicity as well as the typical mirror features of inherently steady-state operation and natural divertors in the form of end tanks. Operation at Q?0.7 allows for relatively low electron temperatures in the range of 3 keV for the DT injection energy ? 80 keV from existing positive ion neutral beams designed for steady state. This level of physics performance has the virtue of being low risk with only modest R&D needed; and its simplicity promises economy advantages. A simple mirror with the plasma diameter of 1 m and mirror-to-mirror 2.5 T solenoid length of 40 m is discussed. Simple circular steady state superconducting coils at each end are based on 15 T technology development of the ITER central solenoid. Hybrids obtain important revenues from the sale of both electricity and fuel production or waste burning. Burning fission reactor wastes by fissioning transuranics in the hybrid will multiply fusion's neutron energy by a factor of ?10 or more and diminish the Q needed to overcome the cost of recirculating power for good economics to less than 2 and for minor actinides with multiplication over 50 to Q?0.2. Hybrids that produce fissile fuel with fissioning blankets might need Q4.

Dimitri Ryutov

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Subcritical mirror structures in an anisotropic plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on Grad-Shafranov-like equations, a gyrotropic plasma where the pressures in the static regime are only functions of the amplitude of the local magnetic field is shown to be amenable to a variational principle with a free energy density given by the parallel tension. This approach is used to demonstrate that small- amplitude static holes constructed slightly below the mirror instability threshold identify with lump solitons of KPII equation and turn out to be unstable. It is also shown that regularizing effects such as finite Larmor radius corrections cannot be ignored in the description of large-amplitude mirror structures.

Kuznetsov, E A; Ruban, V P; Sulem, P L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Tandem-mirror program: status and projection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Construction of MFTF-B is scheduled for completion in 1985. Results of experiments in TMX-U and MFTF-B will permit the design of the D-T burning tandem-mirror next-step facility (TMNS) in which physics issues will not be at issue. TMNS will be a facility for engineering research and development. The end cells of TMNS are expected to be appropriate for a tandem-mirror demonstration fusion reactor (TMR), construction of which should begin about 1986 for operation in the 1990's.

Van Atta, C.M.

1981-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

60

Plasma confinement in the TMX tandem mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma confinement in the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) is described. Axially confining potentials are shown to exist throughout the central 20-cm core of TMX. Axial electron-confinement time is up to 100 times that of single-cell mirror machines. Radial transport of ions is smaller than axial transport near the axis. It has two parts at large radii: nonambipolar, in rough agreement with predictions from resonant-neoclassical transport theory, and ambipolar, observed near the plasma edge under certain conditions, accompanied by a low-frequency, m = 1 instability or strong turbulence.

Hooper, E.B. Jr.; Allen, S.L.; Casper, T.A.

1981-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Tanden Mirror Reactor Systems Code (TMRSC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a computer code developed to model a tandem mirror reactor. This is the first tandem mirror reactor model to couple the highly linked physics, magnetics, and neutronic analysis into a single code. Results from this code for two sensitivity studies are included in this paper. These studies are designed (1) to determine the impact of center cell plasma radius, length, and ion temperature on reactor cost and performance at constant fusion power and (2) to determine the impact of reactor power level on cost.

Reid, R.L.; Rothe, K.E.; Barrett, R.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Minimizing high spatial frequency residual in active space telescope mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trend in future space telescopes is towards large apertures and lightweight, rib-stiffened, and actively controlled deformable mirrors. These mirror architectures permit the development of segmented and deployed primary ...

Gray, Thomas, S.M. (Thomas L.) Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Flat plate solar collector with a cantilevered mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of flat booster mirrors with flat plate collectors provides moderate solar flux concentration and enhanced performance especially when the mirrors are seasonally adjusted. Curved mirrors provide higher flux concentration and a practical system has been developed where the booster mirror is bent elastically. The system employs a single cantilever mirror which is located below a conventional flat plate collector. The mirror is clamped at the base of the collector panel and its free end is deflected upward; a smaller deflection is used in the fall and winter than in the spring and summer. The prototype system consists of a 0.9 by 2.5 m collector panel mounted on its side (horizontal fluid flow) and a 2.7 by 2.5 m elastic mirror. The mirror is made with aluminum sheet with an adherent aluminized acrylic film. The system has been designed for mounting on horizontal surfaces at latitudes of 10 to 50/sup 0/.

Cohen, S.; Larson, D.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Control of a MEMS fast steering mirror for laser applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A control system for a MEMS fast steering mirror is designed and implemented to accurately steer a laser beam. This document contains a characterization of important mirror characteristics and the full analysis of an analog ...

Lane, Joseph Kerivan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Novel neutron focusing mirrors for compact neutron sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrated neutron beam focusing and neutron imaging using axisymmetric optics, based on pairs of confocal ellipsoid and hyperboloid mirrors. Such systems, known as Wolter mirrors, are commonly used in x-ray telescopes. ...

Gubarev, M.V.

66

Three-Mirror Anastigmat Telescope with an Unvignetted Flat Focal Plane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......anastigmat with a two-mirror system except for some special cases (Schwarzschild 1905; Burch 1947). 3. Three-Mirror System In our three-mirror...Academic Press). Schwarzschild K. 1905, Investigations...Optics II, Theory of Mirror Telescopes, English......

Kyoji Nariai; Masanori Iye

2005-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

67

More about neutron - mirror neutron oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It was pointed out recently that oscillation of the neutron $n$ into mirror neutron $n'$, a sterile twin of the neutron with exactly the same mass, could be a very fast process with the the baryon number violation, even faster than the neutron decay itself. This process is sensitive to the magnetic fields and it could be observed by comparing the neutron lose rates in the UCN storage chambers for different magnetic backgrounds. We calculate the probability of $n-n'$ oscillation in the case when a mirror magnetic field $\\vec{B}'$ is non-zero and show that in this case it can be suppressed or resonantly enhanced by applying the ordinary magnetic field $\\vec{B}$, depending on its strength and on its orientation with respect to $\\vec{B}'$. The recent experimental data, under this hypothesis, still allow the $n-n'$ oscillation time order 1 s or even smaller. Moreover, they indicate that the neutron losses are sensitive to the orientation of the magnetic field. %at about $3\\sigma$ level. If these hints will be confirmed in the future experiments, this would point to the presence of the mirror magnetic field on the Earth of the order of 0.1 G, or some equivalent spin-dependent force of the other origin that makes a difference between the neutron and mirror neutron states.

Zurab Berezhiani

2008-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

68

Solid State Replacement of Rotating Mirror Cameras  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rotating mirror cameras have been the mainstay of mega-frame per second imaging for decades. There is still no electronic camera that can match a film based rotary mirror camera for the combination of frame count, speed, resolution and dynamic range. The rotary mirror cameras are predominantly used in the range of 0.1 to 100 micro-seconds per frame, for 25 to more than a hundred frames. Electron tube gated cameras dominate the sub microsecond regime but are frame count limited. Video cameras are pushing into the microsecond regime but are resolution limited by the high data rates. An all solid state architecture, dubbed ''In-situ Storage Image Sensor'' or ''ISIS'', by Prof. Goji Etoh, has made its first appearance into the market and its evaluation is discussed. Recent work at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has concentrated both on evaluation of the presently available technologies and exploring the capabilities of the ISIS architecture. It is clear though there is presently no single chip camera that can simultaneously match the rotary mirror cameras, the ISIS architecture has the potential to approach their performance.

Frank, A M; Bartolick, J M

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

69

Thermomechanical characterization of a membrane deformable mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A membrane deformable mirror has been investigated for its potential use in high-energy laser systems. Experiments were performed in which the deformable mirror was heated with a 1 kW incandescent lamp and the thermal profile, the wavefront aberrations, and the mechanical displacement of the membrane were measured. A finite element model was also developed. The wavefront characterization experiments showed that the wavefront degraded with heating. Above a temperature of 35 deg. C, the wavefront characterization experiments indicated a dramatic increase in the high-order wavefront modes before the optical beam became immeasurable in the sensors. The mechanical displacement data of the membrane mirror showed that during heating, the membrane initially deflected towards the heat source and then deflected away from the heat source. Finite element analysis (FEA) predicted a similar displacement behavior as shown by the mechanical displacement data but over a shorter time scale and a larger magnitude. The mechanical displacement data also showed that the magnitude of membrane displacement increased with the experiments that involved higher temperatures. Above a temperature of 35 deg. C, the displacement data showed that random deflections as a function of time developed and that the magnitude of these deflections increased with increased temperature. We concluded that convection, not captured in the FEA, likely played a dominant role in mirror deformation at temperatures above 35 deg. C.

Morse, Kathleen A.; McHugh, Stuart L.; Fixler, Jeff

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

70

Mirroring and the development of action understanding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...seems possible that motor processes could be involved in the prospective...understanding the developmental processes that shape the mirror neuron...require understanding the interrelated neural systems at work in...infants engage these same processes in making sense of others...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Radiation by Moving Mirrors in Curved Space-Time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......theory in the presence of a mirror in a curved two-dimensional...change of acceleration of the mirror is independent of the state...comoving flux emitted by a mirror lowered in a static gravitational...Theory in Two-Dimensional Schwarzschild-de Sitter Spacetime. II......

Adrian Ottewill; Shin Takagi

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

A Few Observations about Mounting Moderately Sized Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most of the mirror mounting literature has focused on small (less than 0.1 meters) or large (greater than 1 meter) mirrors. We will examine the theory and practice of mounting moderately sized mirrors (between 0.1 and 1 meter). Two examples will be taken from optical diagnostic systems designed for the National Ignition Facility (NIF). In both cases the mirrors were removable (not bonded in place). One of the examples will be for a mirror with a poor aspect ratio (i.e. diameter to thickness ratio greater than 15:1).

Kaufman, M. I.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Applying Alpha-Channeling to Mirror Machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ?-channeling effect entails the use of radio-frequency waves to expel and cool high-energetic ?- particles born in a fusion reactor; the device reactivity can then be increased even further by redirecting the extracted energy to fuel ions. Originally proposed for tokamaks, this technique has also been shown to benefi t open-ended fusion devices. Here, the fundamental theory and practical aspects of ?- channeling in mirror machines are reviewed, including the influence of magnetic field inhomogeneity and the effect of a finite wave region on the ?-channeling mechanism. For practical implementation of the ? -channeling effect in mirror geometry, suitable contained weakly-damped modes are identifi ed. In addition, the parameter space of candidate waves for implementing the ? -channeling effect can be signi cantly extended through the introduction of a suitable minority ion species that has the catalytic effect of moderating the transfer of power from the ?-channeling wave to the fuel ions.

A.I. Zhmoginov and N.J. Fisch

2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

74

Current results of the tandem mirror experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The basic operating characteristics of the Tandem Mirror Experiment, (TMX) at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in the USA have been established. Tandem-mirror plasmas have been produced using neutral-beam-fueled end plugs and a gas-fueled center cell. An axial potential well between the end plugs has been measured. There is direct evidence that this potential well enhances the axial confinement of the center-cell ions. The observed densities and loss currents are consistent with preliminary studies of the particle sources and losses near the magnetic axis. The observed confinement is consistent with theory when plasma fluctuations are low. When the requirement of drift-cyclotron loss-cone mode stability is violated, the plasma fluctuations degrade the center-cell confinement.

Drake, R.P.

1980-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

75

Two-mirror Schwarzschild aplanats. Basic relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the theory of aplanatic two-mirror telescopes developed by Karl Schwarzschild in 1905 leads to the unified description both the prefocal and the postfocal systems. The class of surfaces in the ZEMAX optical program has been properly extended to ascertain the image quality in exact Schwarzschild aplanats. A comparison of Schwarzschild aplanats with approximate Ritchey-Chretien and Gregory-Maksutov aplanatic telescopes reveals a noticeable advantage of the former at fast focal ratio of the system.

Terebizh, V Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Two-mirror Schwarzschild aplanats. Basic relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the theory of aplanatic two-mirror telescopes developed by Karl Schwarzschild in 1905 leads to the unified description both the prefocal and the postfocal systems. The class of surfaces in the ZEMAX optical program has been properly extended to ascertain the image quality in exact Schwarzschild aplanats. A comparison of Schwarzschild aplanats with approximate Ritchey-Chretien and Gregory-Maksutov aplanatic telescopes reveals a noticeable advantage of the former at fast focal ratio of the system.

V. Yu. Terebizh

2005-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

77

Neutron to mirror-neutron oscillations in the presence of mirror magnetic fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We performed ultracold neutron storage measurements to search for additional losses due to neutron (n) to mirror-neutron (n?) oscillations as a function of an applied magnetic field B. In the presence of a mirror magnetic field B?, ultracold neutron losses would be maximal for B?B?. We did not observe any indication for nn? oscillations and placed a lower limit on the oscillation time of ?nn?>12.0??s at 95% C.L. for any B? between 0 and 12.5???T.

I. Altarev et al.

2009-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

78

Mirror Film Company Has 'Concentrated' Plans for Expansion | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mirror Film Company Has 'Concentrated' Plans for Expansion Mirror Film Company Has 'Concentrated' Plans for Expansion Mirror Film Company Has 'Concentrated' Plans for Expansion September 10, 2010 - 1:19pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers In concentrating solar power, glass is king-but it's fighting to hold on to its crown. The reflectivity of glass mirrors makes them a great choice for focusing sunlight onto a heat generator. However, the glass mirrors can be expensive and heavy -- reducing their ability to compete with conventional energy sources. ReflecTech Inc. has an option: a silvered polymer-based film that does the same job, but with half the weight and cost. Using that film, the company can make 100,000 square feet of mirror panels per year at its factory in Arvada, Colo. Through an Advanced Manufacturing 48C tax credit through the Recovery Act,

79

Neutron-Mirror-Neutron Oscillations in a Trap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the rate of neutron-mirror-neutron oscillations for ultracold neutrons trapped in a storage vessel. Recent experimental bounds on the oscillation time are discussed.

B. Kerbikov; O. Lychkovskiy

2008-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

80

Neutron–mirror-neutron oscillations in a trap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate the rate of neutron–mirror-neutron oscillations for ultracold neutrons trapped in a storage vessel. Recent experimental bounds on the oscillation time are discussed.

B. Kerbikov and O. Lychkovskiy

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) final report summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) has resulted in an overview of a first-generation tandem mirror reactor. The central cell fusion plasma is self-sustained by alpha heating (ignition), while electron-cyclotron resonance heating and negative ion beams maintain the electrostatic confining potentials in the end plugs. Plug injection power is reduced by the use of high-field choke coils and thermal barriers, concepts to be tested in the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) and Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Henning, C.D.; Logan, B.G.; Carlson, G.A.; Perkins, L.J.; Werner, R.W.; Gordon, J.D.; Parmer, J.F.; Bilton, J.R.; Glancy, J.E.; Kulcinski, G.L.

1983-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

82

Super-Gaussian mirror for high-field-seeking molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A matter wave mirror using a single, pulsed, super-Gaussian (SG) optical beam for specular reflection of neutral ground-state molecules is studied. The mirror has a high reflectivity close to 100% and nearly perfect specular reflection over a large incident angle. This mirror avoids the usual problems due to surface roughness and the van der Waals interactions that occur in conventional atomic mirrors. Further, it is capable of reflectance and transmittance with applications to velocity filtering and deceleration of cold molecules.

Dong Guangjiong; Edvadsson, Sverker [Electronic Division, ITM, Mid Sweden University, 851 70, Sundsvall (Sweden); Lu Weiping; Barker, P.F. [Physics Department, School of Engineering and Physical Science, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Elliptically Bent X-ray Mirrors with Active Temperature Stabilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stabilization based on a Peltier element attached directlyof the mirror with a Peltier element attached directly tostabilization based on a Peltier element have shown a

Yuan, Sheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Elliptically Bent X-ray Mirrors with Active Temperature Stabilization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present details of design of elliptically bent Kirkpatrick-Baez mirrors developed and successfully used at the Advanced Light Source for submicron focusing. A distinctive feature of the mirror design is an active temperature stabilization based on a Peltier element attached directly to the mirror body. The design and materials have been carefully optimized to provide high heat conductance between the mirror body and substrate. We describe the experimental procedures used when assembling and precisely shaping the mirrors, with special attention paid to laboratory testing of the mirror-temperature stabilization. For this purpose, the temperature dependence of the surface slope profile of a specially fabricated test mirror placed inside a temperature-controlled container was measured. We demonstrate that with active mirror-temperature stabilization, a change of the surrounding temperature by more than 3K does not noticeably affect the mirror figure. Without temperature stabilization, the surface slope changes by approximately 1.5 ?mu rad rms (primarily defocus) under the same conditions.

Yuan, Sheng; Church, Matthew; Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Celestre, Rich; McKinney, Wayne R.; Kirschman, Jonathan; Morrison, Greg; Noll, Tino; Warwick, Tony; Padmore, Howard A.

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

85

Magnetic-mirror principle as applied to fusion research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tutorial account is given of the key physics issues in the confinement of high temperature plasma in magnetic mirror systems. The role of adiabatic invariants and particle drifts and their relationship to equilibrium and stability are discussed, in the context of the various forms of mirror field geometry. Collisional effects and the development and the control of ambipolar potentials are reviewed. The topic of microinstabilities is discussed together with the means for their control. The properties and advantages for fusion power purposes of various special embodiments of the mirror idea, including tandem mirrors, are discussed.

Post, R.F.

1983-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

86

Using the Uncharged Kerr Black Hole as a Gravitational Mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We extend the study of the possible use of the Schwarzschild black hole as a gravitational mirror to the more general case of an...

Claes R. Cramer

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Stroke amplifier for deformable mirrors Robert H. Webb, Marc J. Albanese, Yaopeng Zhou, Thomas Bifano, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stroke amplifier for deformable mirrors Robert H. Webb, Marc J. Albanese, Yaopeng Zhou, Thomas stroke of a deformable mirror. By arranging for the wavefront to traverse the deformable mirror more than to produce lower- cost mirrors. Unfortunately, most commercial MEMS mirrors have only a limited stroke

88

Wave-Driven Rotation In Centrifugal Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Centrifugal mirrors use supersonic rotation to provide axial confinement and enhanced stability. Usually the rotation is produced using electrodes, but these electrodes have limited the rotation to the Alfven critical ionization velocity, which is too slow to be useful for fusion. Instead, the rotation could be produced using radio frequency waves. A fixed azimuthal ripple is a simple and efficient wave that could produce rotation by harnessing alpha particle energy. This is an extension of the alpha channeling effect. The alpha particle power and efficiency in a simulated devices is sufficient to produce rotation without external energy input. By eliminating the need for electrodes, this opens new opportunities for centrifugal traps.

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

89

Vortex strings in electric dipole radiation near a mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The energy flow pattern of the radiation emitted by an oscillating electric dipole near a mirror has a complicated structure, including numerous singularities and vortices. We consider the flow lines of energy in the plane through the surface normal and the oscillation direction of the dipole. It is shown that the vortices are due to the vanishing of the magnetic field at their centers. The locations of the vortices have the appearance of beads on strings, and there are four such strings. The rotation direction of the energy flow for each vortex on a given string is the same. There are two strings with clockwise rotation and two strings with counterclockwise rotation. Field lines of energy flow either start or end at the center of a vortex. For a given string, field lines end at each vortex or field lines start at each vortex. There are two strings on which field lines end at the centers of the vortices, and there are two strings on which field lines start inside the vortices.

Xin Li; Henk F. Arnoldus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Optical evaluation of heliostat mirrors using caustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar thermal power generation is based on the concept of concentrating solar radiation to provide high temperature heat for electricity generation via conventional power cycles. The high relative cost of optical subsystems necessitates a careful study of their components. Solar collector fields are typically modeled by ray-tracing or convolution methods; however no general method is available for engineering analysis. We propose the use of caustics to predict the image of the sun reflected by an arbitrary mirror of focal length F and aperture a on a target. The mirror surface is described parametrically by a quadric and placed at a distance L from the target on a heliostat. The method of caustics was validated against SolTRACE a ray-tracing code developed by U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratories . We show that there is a value of a F which depends on a L for which the incident average energy flux to the target reaches a maximum. The method of caustics allows the efficient computation of the image on an arbitrary target surface and obviates many of the difficulties with ray-tracing methods.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Principles of passive and active cooling of mirror-based hybrid systems employing liquid metals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents principles of passive and active cooling that are suitable to mirrorbased hybrid, nuclear fission/fusion systems. It is shown that liquid metal lead-bismuth cooling of the mirror machine with 25 m height and 1.5 GW thermal power is feasible both in the active mode during the normal operation and in the passive mode after the reactor shutdown. In the active mode the achievable required pumping power can well be below 50 MW, whereas the passive mode provides enough coolant flow to keep the clad temperature below the damage limits.

Anglart, Henryk [Div. of Nuclear Technology, School of Engineering Sciences, Royal Institute of Technology Roslagstullsbacken 21, 106-91 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

92

TMX tandem-mirror experiments and thermal-barrier theoretical studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes recent analysis of energy confinement in the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX). TMX data also indicates that warm plasma limits the amplitude of the anisotropy driven Alfven ion cyclotron (AIC) mode. Theoretical calculations show strong AIC stabilization with off-normal beam injection as planned in TMX-U and MFTF-B. This paper reports results of theoretical analysis of hot electrons in thermal barriers including electron heating calculations by Monte Carlo and Fokker-Planck codes and analysis of hot electron MHD and microinstability. Initial results from the TMX-U experiment are presented which show the presence of sloshing ions.

Simonen, T.C.; Baldwin, D.E.; Allen, S.L.

1982-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

93

Exact optics – V. Null tests for the mirrors of Schwarzschild's spectrograph camera  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......V. Null tests for the mirrors of Schwarzschild's spectrograph camera...lies behind the primary mirror, exactly as Schwarzschild found a century ago...eccentricities of the mirrors of Schwarzschild's original design should......

R. V. Willstrop

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

94

MEASUREMENT OF MIRROR PANELS USING COLOURED PATTERN DEFLECTOMETRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and parabolic dish solar concentrators. Factory production of mirror panels also requires accurate measurementsMEASUREMENT OF MIRROR PANELS USING COLOURED PATTERN DEFLECTOMETRY Paul M. Scott1 , and Greg Burgess2 1 Research Assistant, Solar Thermal Group, Australian National University (ANU), Building 32 North

95

Mirror Mode Structures in the Solar Wind: STEREO Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror Mode Structures in the Solar Wind: STEREO Observations O. Enríquez-Rivera1 , X. Blanco-Cano1 Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, D.F., 04510, MEXICO 2. Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract. Mirror mode structures occur in the solar wind either

California at Berkeley, University of

96

Studies of Cryogenic Electron Plasmas in Magnetic Mirror Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of Cryogenic Electron Plasmas in Magnetic Mirror Fields by Ramesh Gopalan A.B. (University: Chair Date Date Date University of California at Berkeley 1998 #12;Studies of Cryogenic Electron Plasmas in Magnetic Mirror Fields Copyright 1998 by Ramesh Gopalan #12;1 Abstract Studies of Cryogenic Electron

Fajans, Joel

97

Fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays using low reflectance internal mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new design of fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays phics. using low reflectance internal mirrors in optical fibers is investigated. The mirrors are produced by fusion arc splicing of two fibers, one of which has a thin film of TiO2 on the end. A...

Lee, Jong-Seo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

98

THORIUM-BASED MIRRORS IN THE EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET Nicole Farnsworth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THORIUM-BASED MIRRORS IN THE EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET by Nicole Farnsworth Submitted to Brigham Young Ultraviolet and Thorium-based Mirrors . . . 1 1.2 Project Background the Optical Constants of Thorium Oxide 34 3.1 Reflectance and Transmittance Measurements

Hart, Gus

99

Compact Reflective Imaging Spectrometer Design Utilizing An Immersed Grating And Anamorphic Mirror  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact imaging spectrometer comprising an entrance slit, an anamorphic mirror, a grating, and a detector array. The entrance slit directs light to the anamorphic mirror. The anamorphic mirror receives the light and directs the light to the grating. The grating receives the light from the anamorphic mirror and defracts the light back onto the anamorphic mirror. The anamorphic mirror focuses the light onto a detector array.

Lerner, Scott A. (Corvalis, OR)

2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

Plasma-wall interactions in tandem mirror machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A description is presented of the plasma-surface interactions in thermal-barrier tandem-mirror machines. The thermal-barrier mode of axial confinement is an integral part of a tandem mirror, and it dictates the required plasma conditions, particularly at the surface of the plasma. For this reason, a qualitative discussion of the thermal barrier is presented first in Section 2. A brief description of the experimental configuration used in tandem mirrors to create the thermal barrier is then examined in detail in Section 3; the TMX-U and MFTF-B machines are used as specific examples. In Section 4, the relevant plasma-surface interaction issues are addressed, and experimental results from currently operating tandom mirror machines are included. Section 5 is both a summary and a discussion of future work concerned with plasma-surface interactions in tandem mirrors.

Allen, S.L.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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101

Contained Modes In Mirrors With Sheared Rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In mirrors with E × B rotation, a fixed azimuthal perturbation in the lab frame can appear as a wave in the rotating frame. If the rotation frequency varies with radius, the plasma-frame wave frequency will also vary radially due to the Doppler shift. A wave that propagates in the high rotation plasma region might therefore be evanescent at the plasma edge. This can lead to radially localized Alfven eigenmodes with high azimuthal mode numbers. Contained Alfven modes are found both for peaked and non-peaked rotation profiles. These modes might be useful for alpha channeling or ion heating, as the high azimuthal wave number allows the plasma wave frequency in the rotating frame to exceed the ion cyclotron frequency. __________________________________________________

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

102

TMX-U (Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade) tandem-mirror thermal-barrier experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal-barrier experiments have been carried out in the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U). Measurements of nonambipolar and ambipolar radial transport show that these transport processes, as well as end losses, can be controlled at modest densities and durations. Central-cell heating methods using ion-cyclotron heating (ICH) and neutral-beam injection have been demonstrated. Potential mesurements with recently developed methods indicate that deep thermal barriers can be established.

Simonen, T.C.; Allen, S.L.; Baldwin, D.E.; Barter, J.D.; Berzins, L.V.; Carter, M.R.; Casper, T.A.; Clauser, J.F.; Coensgen, F.H.; Correll, D.L.

1986-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

103

The Gasdynamic Mirror Fusion Propulsion System -- Revisited  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many of the previous studies assessing the capability of the gasdynamic mirror (GDM) fusion propulsion system employed analyses that ignored the 'ambipolar' potential. This electrostatic potential arises as a result of the rapid escape of the electrons due to their small mass. As they escape, they leave behind an excess positive charge which manifests itself in an electric field that slows down the electrons while speeding up the ions until their respective axial diffusions are equalized. The indirect effect on the ions is that their confinement time is reduced relative to that of zero potential, and hence the plasma length must be increased to accommodate that change. But as they emerge from the thruster mirror - which serves as a magnetic nozzle - the ions acquire an added energy equal to that of the potential energy, and that in turn manifests itself in increased specific impulse and thrust. We assess the propulsive performance of the GDM thruster, based on the more rigorous theory, by applying it to a round trip Mars mission employing a continuous burn acceleration/deceleration type of trajectory. We find that the length of the device and travel time decrease with increasing plasma density, while the total vehicle mass reaches a minimum at a plasma density of 3 x 1016 cm-3. At such a density, and an initial DT ion temperature of 10 keV, a travel time of 60 days is found to be achievable at GDM propulsion parameters of about 200,000 seconds of specific impulse and approximately 47 kN of thrust.

Kammash, Terry [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Tang, Ricky [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University Michigan, 1320 Beal Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2005-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

104

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 683 of 711 Go Back Full quadratic form associated with a surface. #12;Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 684 of 711 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit The component g is called the geodesic

Gallier, Jean

105

Optimal Light Beams and Mirror Shapes for Future LIGO Interferometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the results of a recent search for the lowest value of thermal noise that can be achieved in LIGO by changing the shape of mirrors, while fixing the mirror radius and maintaining a low diffractional loss. The result of this minimization is a beam with thermal noise a factor of 2.32 (in power) lower than previously considered Mesa Beams and a factor of 5.45 (in power) lower than the Gaussian beams employed in the current baseline design. Mirrors that confine these beams have been found to be roughly conical in shape, with an average slope approximately equal to the mirror radius divided by arm length, and with mild corrections varying at the Fresnel scale. Such a mirror system, if built, would impact the sensitivity of LIGO, increasing the event rate of observing gravitational waves in the frequency range of maximum sensitivity roughly by a factor of three compared to an Advanced LIGO using Mesa beams (assuming all other noises remain unchanged). We discuss the resulting beam and mirror properties and study requirements on mirror tilt, displacement and figure error, in order for this beam to be used in LIGO detectors.

Mihai Bondarescu; Oleg Kogan; Yanbei Chen

2008-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

106

Development of magnetic mirror systems for nuclear testing applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several system studies have concluded that the small size and steady state nature of magnetic mirror systems provide attractive features for nuclear-testing applications. The principle shortcoming of mirror systems is their small data base relative to that of tokamaks. This paper summarizes the present data base and describes experiments that could be carried out with small modifications of existing facilities to explore plasma physics issues associated with the production of high neutron fluxes in magnetic mirror configurations. The experiments would demonstrate physics principles important to such future applications of fusion power neutrons as blanket testing, tritium production, fissile fuel production, or decontamination of high-level radioactive nuclear-reactor wastes.

Simonen, T.C.; Futch, A.H.; Kaiser, T.B.

1986-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

107

Mobile-mirror concentrators for solar thermal power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seven central-receiver, solar-thermal power plants with heliostat concentrators have been built around the world in the last two decades. This technology has proven to be much too expensive for commercial power plants and efforts to reduce the cost have reached an impasse. It is the nature of the solar concentrators which makes it so expensive. There are two types of concentrators: those, called heliostats, with mirrors on stationary supports, and those with mirrors on mobile supports. Mobile mirrors are potentially much cheaper than heliostats.

Ratliff, G. [Ratliff (George), Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Is There a Switchable Mirror in Your Future?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Is There a Switchable Mirror in Your Future? Is There a Switchable Mirror in Your Future? Speaker(s): Thomas Richardson Date: February 10, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Venkat Srinivasan Electrochromic devices (switchable mirrors) that exhibit large dynamic ranges for reflectance in the visible and infrared regimes can now be made using a variety of materials. Devices incorporating these films can be used to improve energy efficiency in buildings and vehicles by controlling the flow of heat not only through windows and skylights, but also through opaque roof and wall panels. Switchable mirrors based on three completely different chemical reactions have been developed at LBNL. The best known example utilizes conversion of a thin metal film to an insulating and transparent metal hydride by either direct exposure to hydrogen gas

109

Lightweight diaphragm mirror module system for solar collectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mirror module system is provided for accurately focusing solar radiation on a point or a line as defined by an array of solar collectors. Each mirror module includes a flexible membrane stretched over a frame in a manner similar to that of a drum or a trampoline and further includes a silvered glass or plastic mirror for forming an optical reflecting surface. The configuration of the optical reflecting surface is variably adjustable to provide for the accurate focusing of the solar energy on a given collector array, e.g., a point or a linear array arrangement. The flexible mirror-membrane combination is lightweight to facilitate installation and reduce system cost yet structurally strong enough to provide for the precise focusing of the incident solar radiation in a semi-rigid reflector system in which unwanted reflector displacement is minimized.

Butler, B.L.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The Mirror-Image Argument: An Additional Reply to Johansson  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In previous work we have defended a version of the deprivation theory of death’s badness. (e.g., Brueckner and Fischer 1986) Part of our defense involves a reply to Lucretius’ “Mirror-Image Argument”. Lucretius p...

John Martin Fischer; Anthony Brueckner

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The Use of Genetic Algorithms in Multilayer Mirror Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Use of Genetic Algorithms in Multilayer Mirror Optimization by Shannon Lunt March 1999.3 Optimization Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.3.1 Local Optimizers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.3.2 Global Optimizers

Hart, Gus

112

EUV damage threshold measurements of Mo/Si multilayer mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An EUV Schwarzschild objective consisting of two spherical, annular mirror substrates coated with Mo/Si multilayers (reflectivity...R?0.65@13.5 nm) provides high EUV fluences [13]. The incidence angles on the sam...

Matthias Müller; Frank Barkusky; Torsten Feigl; Klaus Mann

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

History of mirror casting, figuring, segmentation and active optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The accurate general figures for the mirrors with which one could achieve the optimum ... the beginning of the twentieth century by Karl Schwarzschild. A first design for a reflecting telescope ... dispersing len...

Lothar Noethe

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Wavefront control in space with MEMS deformable mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To meet the high contrast requirement of 1 × 10[superscript ?10] to image an Earth-like planet around a Sun-like star, space telescopes equipped with coronagraphs require wavefront control systems. Deformable mirrors (DMs) ...

Cahoy, Kerri L.

115

Soft X-ray reflectivity and structure evaluation of CoCr/C multilayer X-ray mirrors for spectral region around 6 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of highly-reflective multilayer mirrors for use in the 6-nm region is desired for X-ray photoemission spectroscopy for inner-shell excitation using a Schwarzschild objective. For this application, reflectivity is the most critical parameter determining the performance of multilayer mirrors, because the reflectivities of multilayers in the 6-nm region are generally very low. We have designed CoCr/C multilayer mirrors with a comparatively high reflectivity at around normal incidence and have fabricated them by magnetron sputtering. The measured peak reflectivity is about 11.5% at a wavelength of around 6 nm and an incident angle of 88°. Thermal annealing was found to markedly improve the reflectivity, and a high value of 13% was obtained by annealing at 400 in an Ar atmosphere for 1 h.

H. Takenaka; K. Nagai; H. Ito; Y. Muramatsu; T. Kawamura; E. Gullikson; R.C.C. Perera

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Wave-particle Interactions In Rotating Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wave-particle interactions in E×B rotating plasmas feature an unusual effect: particles are diffused by waves in both potential energy and kinetic energy. This wave-particle interaction generalizes the alpha channeling effect, in which radio frequency waves are used to remove alpha particles collisionlessly at low energy. In rotating plasmas, the alpha particles may be removed at low energy through the loss cone, and the energy lost may be transferred to the radial electric field. This eliminates the need for electrodes in the mirror throat, which have presented serious technical issues in past rotating plasma devices. A particularly simple way to achieve this effect is to use a high azimuthal mode number perturbation on the magnetic field. Rotation can also be sustained by waves in plasmas without a kinetic energy source. This type of wave has been considered for plasma centrifuges used for isotope separation. Energy may also be transferred from the electric field to particles or waves, which may be useful for ion heating and energy generation.

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

117

Analysis of tandem mirror reactor performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parametric studies are performed using a tandem mirror plasma point model to evaluate the wall loading GAMMA and the physics figure of merit, Q (fusion power/injected power). We explore the relationship among several dominant parameters and determine the impact on the plasma performance of electron cyclotron resonance heating in the plug region. These global particle and energy balance studies were carried out under the constraints of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equilibrium and stability and constant magnetic flux, assuming a fixed end-cell geometry. We found that the higher the choke coil fields, the higher the Q, wall loading, and fusion power due to the combination of the increased central-cell field B/sub c/ and density n/sub c/ and the reduced central-cell beta ..beta../sub c/. The MHD stability requirement of constant B/sub c//sup 2/..beta../sub c/ causes the reduction in ..beta../sub c/. In addition, a higher value of fusion power can also be obtained, at a fixed central-cell length, by operating at a lower value of B/sub c/ and a higher value of ..beta../sub c/.

Wu, K.F.; Campbell, R.B.; Peng, Y.K.M.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Electrostatic plasma-confinement experiments in a tandem mirror system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from the tandem mirror experiment are described. The configuration of axial density and potential profiles are created and sustained by neutral-beam injection and gas fueling. Plasma confinement in the center cell is shown to be improved by the end plugs by as much as a factor of 9. The electron temperature is higher than that achieved in our earlier 2XIIB single-cell mirror experiment.

Coensgen, F.H.; Anderson, C.A.; Casper, T.A.; Clauser, J.F.; Condit, W.C.; Correll, D.L.; Cummins, W.F.; Davis, J.C.; Drake, R.P.; Foote, J.H.; Futch, A.H.; Goodman, R.K.; Grubb, D.P.; Hallock, G.A.; Hornady, R.S.; Hunt, A.L.; Logan, B.G.; Munger, R.H.; Nexsen, W.E.; Simonen, T.C.; Slaughter, D.R.; Stallard, B.W.; Strand, O.T.

1980-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

119

Electrostatic Plasma-Confinement Experiments in a Tandem Mirror System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results from the tandem mirror experiment are described. The configuration of axial density and potential profiles are created and sustained by neutral-beam injection and gas fueling. Plasma confinement in the center cell is shown to be improved by the end plugs by as much as a factor of 9. The electron temperature is higher than that achieved in our earlier 2XIIB single-cell mirror experiment.

F. H. Coensgen, C. A. Anderson, T. A. Casper, J. F. Clauser, W. C. Condit, D. L. Correll, W. F. Cummins, J. C. Davis, R. P. Drake, J. H. Foote, A. H. Futch, R. K. Goodman, D. P. Grubb, G. A. Hallock, R. S. Hornady, A. L. Hunt, B. G. Logan, R. H. Munger, W. E. Nexsen, T. C. Simonen, D. R. Slaughter, B. W. Stallard, and O. T. Strand

1980-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

Switchable Mirrors Based on Nickel-Magnesium Films  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Switchable Mirrors Based on Nickel-Magnesium Films Switchable Mirrors Based on Nickel-Magnesium Films Title Switchable Mirrors Based on Nickel-Magnesium Films Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-47180 Year of Publication 2001 Authors Richardson, Thomas J., Jonathan L. Slack, Robert D. Armitage, Robert Kostecki, Baker Farangis, and Michael D. Rubin Journal Applied Physics Letters Volume 78 Pagination 3047 Call Number LBNL-47180 Abstract An electrochromic mirror electrode based on reversible uptake of hydrogen in nickel magnesium alloy films is reported. Thin, magnesium-rich Ni-Mg films prepared on glass substrates by cosputtering from Ni and Mg targets are mirror-like in appearance and have low visible transmittance. Upon exposure to hydrogen gas or on cathodic polarization in alkaline electrolyte, the films take up hydrogen and become transparent. When hydrogen is removed, the mirror properties are recovered. The transition is believed to result from reversible formation of Mg2NiH4 and MgH2. A thin overlayer of palladium was found to enhance the kinetics of hydrogen insertion and extraction, and to protect the metal surface against oxidation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Single-layer mirrors for advanced research light sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray mirrors are needed for beam guidance, beam alignment and monochromatisation at third-generation synchrotron light sources (PETRA III) and forthcoming Free-Electron Lasers (LCLS, European XFEL). Amorphous carbon coatings are currently used as total reflection mirrors at FLASH to guide the photon beam to the various beamlines. These coatings were prepared by means of magnetron sputtering. The new GKSS sputtering facility for the deposition of single and multilayer mirrors with a length of up to 1500 mm and a width of up to 120 mm is in operation. In this contribution we present the results of this new deposition system. A major advantage is that it is now possible to prepare one, two or more mirrors with similar properties over the whole deposition length. The mirror properties were investigated by means of X-ray reflectometry and interference microscopy. The performance of the mirrors is analyzed, considering X-ray reflectivity, film thickness and surface roughness. The uniformity of these properties over the whole deposition length of 1500 mm is demonstrated. The results obtained will be discussed and compared with former results.

Stoermer, M.; Horstmann, C. [GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht GmbH, Institute of Materials Research, Max-Planck-Str. 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany); Siewert, F. [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin / BESSY-II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Scholze, F.; Krumrey, M. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Abbestr. 2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany); Hertlein, F.; Matiaske, M.; Wiesmann, J. [Incoatec GmbH, Max-Planck-Str. 2, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany); Gaudin, J. [European XFEL, DESY, 22603 Hamburg (Germany)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

122

Black hole firewalls, smoke and mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiation emitted by a black hole (BH) during its evaporation has to have some degree of quantum coherence to accommodate a unitary time evolution. We parametrize the degree of coherence by the number of coherently emitted particles Ncoh and show that it is severely constrained by the equivalence principle. We discuss, in this context, the fate of a shell of matter that falls into a Schwarzschild BH. Two points of view are considered: that of a stationary external observer and that of the shell itself. From the perspective of the shell, the near-horizon region has an energy density proportional to Ncoh2 in Schwarzschild units. So, if Ncoh is parametrically larger than the square root of the BH entropy SBH1/2, a firewall or more generally a “wall of smoke” forms and the equivalence principle is violated while the BH is still semiclassical. To have a degree of coherence that is parametrically smaller than SBH1/2, one has to introduce a new sub-Planckian gravitational length scale, which likely also violates the equivalence principle. And so our previously proposed model which has Ncoh=SBH1/2 is singled out. From the external-observer perspective, we find that the time it takes for the information about the state of the shell to get re-emitted from the BH is inversely proportional to Ncoh. When the rate of information release becomes of order unity, the semiclassical approximation starts to break down and the BH becomes a perfect reflecting information mirror.

Ram Brustein and A.?J.?M. Medved

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

123

Document Normalization Revisited Abdur Chowdhury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for fundamentally different document collections. We recomputed the normalization for the web track and obtainedDocument Normalization Revisited Abdur Chowdhury America Online Reston, Virginia chowdhury Pivoted Document Length Normalization has reached a point of stability where many researchers

Chowdhury, Abdur

124

Plasma heating and hot ion sustaining in mirror based hybrids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Possibilities of plasma heating and sloshing ion sustaining in mirror based hybrids are briefly reviewed. Sloshing ions, i.e. energetic ions with a velocity distribution concentrated to a certain pitch-angle, play an important role in plasma confinement and generation of fusion neutrons in mirror machines. Neutral beam injection (NBI) is first discussed as a method to generate sloshing ions. Numerical results of NBI modeling for a stellarator-mirror hybrid are analyzed. The sloshing ions could alternatively be sustained by RF heating. Fast wave heating schemes, i.e. magnetic beach, minority and second harmonic heating, are addressed and their similarities and differences are described. Characteristic features of wave propagation in mirror hybrid devices including both fundamental harmonic minority and second harmonic heating are examined. Minority heating is efficient for a wide range of minority concentration and plasma densities; it allows one to place the antenna aside from the hot ion location. A simple-design strap antenna suitable for this has good performance. However, this scenario is appropriate only for light minority ions. The second harmonic heating can be applied for the heavy ion component. Arrangements are similar for minority and second harmonic heating. The efficiency of second harmonic heating is influenced by a weaker wave damping than for minority heating. Numerical calculations show that in a hybrid reactor scaled mirror machine the deuterium sloshing ions could be heated within the minority heating scheme, while the tritium ions could be sustained by second harmonic heating.

Moiseenko, V. E.; Agren, O. [Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna St. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-75121 Uppsala (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

125

Micro Mirrors for High-speed Laser Deflection and Patterning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper focuses on high-speed optical MEMS Scanners and Micro Mirror Arrays. Devices supporting spot/pixel rateshigher than 10 Mpixel/s are considered and discussed regarding limits and possibilities to further improve speed and optical properties. Several variants of both types, developed by our group, are presented. Scanning Micro Mirrors with frequencies up to 100 kHz enable spot rates of up to 130 Mpixels / s at 650 nm. Bragg-coatings enable high power applications up to 20 W (beam ø2 mm). Challenges like static and dynamic mirror planariy are discussed. A 29-kHz-scanner for laser projection serves as application example. Highly parallel operated Micro Mirror Arrays extend pattern speed to 10 Gpixel / s including analog grey scaling. Irradiation tests prove stable operation of the mirrors at DUV. Prospects regarding optical planarity and high reflective coatings are discussed. By means of two examples, laser patterning of semiconductor masks and laser patterning of Printed Circuit Boards, properties of the spatial light modulators are presented. The two device classes are compared regarding spot/pixel rate and frequency. The comparison includes representative MEMS device examples from literature.

Harald Schenk; Jan Grahmann; Thilo Sandner; Michael Wagner; Ulrike Dauderstädt; Jan-Uwe Schmidt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Thermal characteristics of a classical solar telescope primary mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a detailed thermal and structural analysis of a 2m class solar telescope mirror which is subjected to a varying heat load at an observatory site. A 3-dimensional heat transfer model of the mirror takes into account the heating caused by a smooth and gradual increase of the solar flux during the day-time observations and cooling resulting from the exponentially decaying ambient temperature at night. The thermal and structural response of two competing materials for optical telescopes, namely Silicon Carbide -best known for excellent heat conductivity and Zerodur -preferred for its extremely low coefficient of thermal expansion, is investigated in detail. The insight gained from these simulations will provide a valuable input for devising an efficient and stable thermal control system for the primary mirror.

Banyal, Ravinder K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Coil system for a mirror-based hybrid reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two different superconducting coil systems for the SFLM Hybrid study - a quadrupolar mirror based fusion-fission reactor study - are presented. One coil system is for a magnetic field with 2 T at the midplane and a mirror ratio of four. This coil set consists of semiplanar coils in two layers. The alternative coil system is for a downscaled magnetic field of 1.25 T at the midplane and a mirror ratio of four, where a higher {beta} is required to achieve sufficient the neutron production. This coil set has one layer of twisted 3D coils. The 3D coils are expected to be considerably cheaper than the semiplanar, since NbTi superconductors can be used for most coils instead of Nb3Sn due to the lower magnetic field.

Hagnestal, A.; Agren, O.; Moiseenko, V. E. [Uppsala University, Angstroem laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna st. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

128

Mirror eclipses in the cataclysmic variable IP Peg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present time resolved K-band infrared spectra of the dwarf nova (DN) IP Peg in early quiescence. The Brackett-gamma and HeI lines in our data show hitherto unseen behaviour, which we term a mirror eclipse, and interpret as an eclipse of the secondary star by an optically thin accretion disc. Mirror eclipses are a direct probe of the structure and physical conditions of accretion discs. For example, on assuming the relevant level populations to be in LTE, we constrain the temperature and density of the optically thin material causing the mirror eclipse to be 10,000 < T < 20,000 K and \\rho ~10^-11 g/cm^3 respectively. In order to match our data we find that at least the outermost 20% of the disc (in radius) must be entirely optically thin. Implications for time-dependant disc models are examined.

S. P. Littlefair; V. S. Dhillon; T. R. Marsh; E. T. Harlaftis

2001-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

129

High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes an active solid target positioning device for driving plasma mirrors with high repetition rate ultra-high intensity lasers. The position of the solid target surface with respect to the laser focus is optically monitored and mechanically controlled on the nm scale to ensure reproducible interaction conditions for each shot at arbitrary repetition rate. We demonstrate the target capabilities by driving high-order harmonic generation from plasma mirrors produced on glass targets with a near-relativistic intensity few-cycle pulse laser system operating at 1 kHz. During experiments, residual target surface motion can be actively stabilized down to 47?nm (root mean square), which ensures sub-300-as relative temporal stability of the plasma mirror as a secondary source of coherent attosecond extreme ultraviolet radiation in pump-probe experiments.

Borot, A.; Douillet, D.; Iaquaniello, G.; Lefrou, T.; Lopez-Martens, R. [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquée, ENSTA-ParisTech, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, UMR 7639, 91761 Palaiseau (France)] [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquée, ENSTA-ParisTech, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, UMR 7639, 91761 Palaiseau (France); Audebert, P.; Geindre, J.-P. [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Surface Slope Metrology on Deformable Soft X-ray Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the current state of surface slope metrology on deformable mirrors for soft x-rays at the Advanced Light Source (ALS). While we are developing techniques for in situ at-wavelength tuning, we are refining methods of ex situ visible-light optical metrology to achieve sub-100-nrad accuracy. This paper reports on laboratory studies, measurements and tuning of a deformable test-KB mirror prior to its use. The test mirror was bent to a much different optical configuration than its original design, achieving a 0.38 micro-radian residual slope error. Modeling shows that in some cases, by including the image conjugate distance as an additional free parameter in the alignment, along with the two force couples, fourth-order tangential shape errors (the so-called bird shape) can be reduced or eliminated.

Yuan Sheng; Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Celestre, Rich; Church, Matthew; McKinney, Wayne R.; Morrison, Greg; Warwick, Tony [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Goldberg, Kenneth A. [Center for X-ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

131

IR Spectrometer Using 90-degree Off-axis Parabolic Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A gated spectrometer has been designed for real-time, pulsed infrared (IR) studies at the National Synchrotron Light ource at the Brookhaven National Laboratory. A pair of 90-degree, off-axis parabolic mirrors are used to relay the light from an entrance slit to an output IR recording camera. With an initial wavelength range of 1500–4500 nm required, gratings could not be used in the spectrometer because grating orders would overlap. A magnesium oxide prism, placed between these parabolic mirrors, serves as the dispersion element. The spectrometer is doubly telecentric. With proper choice of the air spacing between the prism and the second parabolic mirror, any spectral region of interest within the InSb camera array’s sensitivity region can be recorded. The wavelengths leaving the second parabolic mirror are collimated, thereby relaxing the camera positioning tolerance. To set up the instrument, two different wavelength (visible) lasers are introduced at the entrance slit and made collinear with the optical axis via flip mirrors. After dispersion by the prism, these two laser beams are directed to tick marks located on the outside housing of the gated IR camera. This provides first-order wavelength calibration for the instrument. Light that is reflected off the front prism face is coupled into a high-speed detector to verify steady radiance during the gated spectral imaging. Alignment features include tick marks on the prism and parabolic mirrors. This instrument was designed to complement singlepoint pyrometry, which provides continuous time histories of a small collection of spots from shock-heated targets.

Robert M. Malone, Richard, G. Hacking, Ian J. McKenna, and Daniel H. Dolan

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

132

Extreme ultraviolet diagnosis of a neutral-beam-heated mirror machine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extreme ultraviolet emissions from the LLL 2XIIB fusion research experiment have been studied. (2XIIB was a magnetic-mirror-plasma-confinement device; beams of high-energy (20 keV) neutral deuterium created a high-density, high-temperature plasma.) A normal-incidence concave-grating monochromator, equipped with a windowless photomultiplier tube, was used to measure emissions in the spectral region from 400 Angstrom to 1600 A. Emissions of oxygen, titanium, carbon, nitrogen, and deuterium were identified; the oxygen brightnesses at times exceeded 10/sup 18/ ph-s/sup -1/-cm/sup -2/-sr/sup -1/. A survey of the emission characteristics found the oxygen concentration was 3%, the other impurities had concentrations near 0.4%. The radiated power loss was about 5% of the deposited neutral beam power.

Drake, R.P.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Can mirror matter solve the the cosmological lithium problem?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The abundance of lithium-7 confronts cosmology with a long lasting inconsistency between the predictions of standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis with the baryonic density determined from the Cosmic Microwave Background observations on the one hand, and the spectroscopic determination of the lithium-7 abundance on the other hand. We investigated the influence of the existence of a mirror world, focusing on models in which mirror neutrons can oscillate into ordinary neutrons. Such a mechanism allows for an effective late time neutron injection, which induces an increase of the destruction of beryllium-7and thus a lower final lithium-7 abundance.

Coc, Alain [Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière (CSNSM), CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris Sud 11, UMR 8609, Bâtiment 104, 91405 Orsay Campus (France); Uzan, Jean-Philippe; Vangioni, Elisabeth [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR-7095 du CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France and Sorbonne Universités, Institut Lagrange de Paris, 98 bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris (France)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

134

ATLAS and CMS hints for a mirror Higgs boson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS and CMS have provided hints for the existence of a Higgs-like particle with mass of about 144 GeV with production cross section into standard decay channels which is about 50% that of the standard model Higgs boson. We show that this 50% suppression is exactly what the mirror matter model predicts when the two scalar mass eigenstates, each required to be maximal admixtures of a standard and mirror-Higgs boson, are separated in mass by more than their decay widths but less than the experimental resolution. We discuss prospects for the future confirmation of this interesting hint for non-standard Higgs physics.

Robert Foot; Archil Kobakhidze; Raymond R. Volkas

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

135

Detection of atmospheric Cherenkov radiation using solar heliostat mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The gamma-ray energy region between 20 and 250 GeV is largely unexplored. Ground-based atmospheric Cherenkov detectors offer a possible way to explore this region, but large Cherenkov photon collection areas are needed to achieve low energy thresholds. This paper discusses the development of a Cherenkov detector using the heliostat mirrors of a solar power plant as the primary collector. As part of this development, we built a prototype detector consisting of four heliostat mirrors and used it to record atmospheric Cherenkov radiation produced in extensive air showers created by cosmic ray particles.

Ong, R A

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

ATLAS and CMS hints for a mirror Higgs boson  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ATLAS and CMS have provided hints for the existence of a Higgs-like particle with mass of about 144 GeV with production cross section into standard decay channels which is about 50% that of the standard model Higgs boson. We show that this 50% suppression is exactly what the mirror matter model predicts when the two scalar mass eigenstates, each required to be maximal admixtures of a standard and mirror-Higgs boson, are separated in mass by more than their decay widths but less than the experimental resolution. We discuss prospects for the future confirmation of this interesting hint for nonstandard Higgs physics.

Robert Foot; Archil Kobakhidze; Raymond R. Volkas

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

137

Photo of the Week: Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment Photo of the Week: Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment December 28, 2012 - 2:22pm Addthis This 1978 photo shows two workers inside the Mirror Fusion Test Facility, a magnetic confinement fusion device designed and built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In this experiment, magnetic mirrors are placed at both ends of a central magnetic tube. Very hot and dense plasmas inside each mirror enhanced the confinement of another plasma inside the central tube, where the bulk of the fusion would occur. | Photo courtesy of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This 1978 photo shows two workers inside the Mirror Fusion Test Facility, a magnetic confinement fusion device designed and built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In this experiment, magnetic mirrors are placed at

138

Photo of the Week: The Mirror Fusion Test Facility | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Mirror Fusion Test Facility The Mirror Fusion Test Facility Photo of the Week: The Mirror Fusion Test Facility July 19, 2013 - 4:17pm Addthis This 1981 photo shows the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF), an experimental magnetic confinement fusion device built using a magnetic mirror at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The MFTF functioned as the primary research center for mirror fusion devices. The design consisted of a 64-meter-long vacuum vessel fitted with 26 coil magnets bonding the center of the vessel and two 400-ton yin-yang magnet mirrors at either end. The first magnet produced a magnetic field force equal to the weight of 30 jumbo jets hanging from the magnet coil. | Photo courtesy of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This 1981 photo shows the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF), an

139

Heating by Optical Absorption and Cooling of High Power Laser Mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In high power laser system, laser mirror is the core and the most sensitive optical component, which influences the increase of laser power and the quality of laser. Absorption of light at mirrors causes wavef...

Ci-Ming Zhou; Zu-Hai Cheng; Yu-Feng Peng

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A KB-Focusing Mirror Pair for a VUV-Raman Spectrometer at FLASH - Mirror Metrology and Ray Tracing Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A plane mirror and two strongly curved plane elliptical mirrors comprising the refocusing system downstream the plane grating monochromator at FLASH in DESY have been characterized with the Nanometer Optical Component Measuring Machine at the BESSY-II Optics Laboratory of the Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin. Based on the measurement results the two elliptical cylinders were optimized by deterministic surface finishing technology (Ion Beam Finishing). The expected focusing performance was verified by ray tracings after each ion beam finish iteration using the measured topography results.

Siewert, Frank [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin / BESSY II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Reininger, Ruben [Scientific Answers and Solutions, 77 Constantine Way, Mount Sinai, NY 11766 (United States); Ruebhausen, Michael A. [CFEL, Center for Free Electron Laser Science, Notkestr. 15, 20355 Hamburg (Germany)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Mirror thermal noise in laser interferometer gravitational wave detectors operating at room and cryogenic temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror thermal noise is and will remain one of the main limitations to the sensitivity of gravitational wave detectors based on laser interferometers. We report about projected mirror thermal noise due to losses in the mirror coatings and substrates. The evaluation includes all kind of thermal noises presently known. Several of the envisaged substrate and coating materials are considered. The results for mirrors operated at room temperature and at cryogenic temperature are reported.

Janyce Franc; Nazario Morgado; Raffaele Flaminio; Ronny Nawrodt; Iain Martin; Liam Cunningham; Alan Cumming; Sheila Rowan; James Hough

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Rhodium coated mirrors deposited by magnetron sputtering for fusion applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metallic mirrors will be essential components of all optical spectroscopy and imaging systems for ITER plasma diagnostics. Any change in the mirror performance, in particular, its reflectivity, due to erosion of the surface by charge exchange neutrals or deposition of impurities will influence the quality and reliability of the detected signals. Due to its high reflectivity in the visible wavelength range and its low sputtering yield, rhodium appears as an attractive material for first mirrors in ITER. However, the very high price of the raw material calls for using it in the form of a film deposited onto metallic substrates. The development of a reliable technique for the preparation of high reflectivity rhodium films is therefore of the highest importance. Rhodium layers with thicknesses of up to 2 {mu}m were produced on different substrates of interest (Mo, stainless steel, Cu) by magnetron sputtering. Produced films exhibit a low roughness and crystallite size of about 10 nm with a dense columnar structure. No impurities were detected on the surface after deposition. Scratch tests demonstrate that adhesion properties increase with substrate hardness. Detailed optical characterizations of Rh-coated mirrors as well as results of erosion tests performed both under laboratory conditions and in the TEXTOR tokamak are presented in this paper.

Marot, L.; De Temmerman, G.; Oelhafen, P.; Covarel, G.; Litnovsky, A. [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Laboratoire Mecanique, Materiaux et Procedes de Fabrication, 61 rue Albert Camus, Universite de Haute-Alsace, F-68093 Mulhouse Cedex (France); Institut fuer Energieforschung (Plasmaphysik), Forschungszentrum Juelich, Association EURATOM-FZJ, D 52425 Juelich (Germany)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Complex multiplication, rationality and mirror symmetry for abelian varieties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that complex multiplication on abelian varieties is equivalent to the existence of a constant rational K\\"ahler metric. We give a sufficient condition for a mirror of an abelian variety of CM-type to be of CM-type as well. We also study the relationship between complex multiplication and rationality of a toroidal lattice vertex algebra.

Meng Chen

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

144

Phase effects owing to multilayer coatings in a two-mirror extreme-ultraviolet Schwarzschild objective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase effects owing to multilayer coatings in a two-mirror extreme-ultraviolet Schwarzschild effects in the two-mirror Schwarzschild objective with point diffraction interferometry. The chromatic the interferometry data on the two-mirror optical system are compared with previously reported coating properties

145

Technical NoteFEASIBILITY STUDIES OF ALPHA-PARTICLE CHANNELING IN MIRROR MACHINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical NoteFEASIBILITY STUDIES OF ALPHA-PARTICLE CHANNELING IN MIRROR MACHINES A. I. ZHMOGINOV such as mirror machines can benefit this concept by efficiently redirecting a-particle energy to fuel ion heating designs and for proof-of-principle experiments. KEYWORDS: alpha channeling, mirror machines, ray tracing

146

Focussing of synchroton radiation X-ray beams using synthetic multilayer mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two multilayer X-ray mirror system has been developed to focus 8 keV X-rays from a synchrotron X-ray source. The system uses a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror geometry and the mirrors are made by sputtering carbon and tungsten layers on spherical optical mirror substrates. A focused X-ray spot 40 ?m wide by 10 ?m high was obtained using an 8 keV X-ray beam from a wiggler beamline at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. Similar mirror systems may be useful for microprobe and small sample experiments using both synchrotron and laboratory sources.

A.C. Thompson; Y. Wu; J.H. Underwood; T.W. Barbee Jr.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Search for neutron - mirror neutron oscillations in a laboratory experiment with ultracold neutrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror matter is considered as a candidate for dark matter. In connection with this an experimental search for neutron - mirror neutron (nn') transitions has been carried out using storage of ultracold neutrons in a trap with different magnetic fields. As a result, a new limit for the neutron - mirror neutron oscillation time has been obtained, tau_osc >= 448 s (90% C.L.), assuming that there is no mirror magnetic field larger than 100 nT. Besides a first attempt to obtain some restriction for mirror magnetic field has been done.

A. P. Serebrov; E. B. Aleksandrov; N. A. Dovator; S. P. Dmitriev; A. K. Fomin; P. Geltenbort; A. G. Kharitonov; I. A. Krasnoschekova; M. S. Lasakov; A. N. Murashkin; G. E. Shmelev; V. E. Varlamov; A. V. Vassiljev; O. M. Zherebtsov; O. Zimmer

2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

148

Metal oxide coating on first mirror in fusion reactor with carbon wall  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The lifetime of diagnostic equipment in a fusion reactor is typically very short. The first mirror used to reflect optical signals for diagnostics plays a crucial role in the reactor, and it is highly important to develop a more durable first mirror which can survive in the hostile environment. In this work, by conducting electron beam deposition on molybdenum substrates, metallic oxide mirrors are prepared and studied in the simulated environment. The multi-layered metal oxide mirror exhibits much higher reflectivity than the original molybdenum one and the in situ technique to monitor the performance of the first mirror is developed and described.

Xirui Hou; Zhengwei Wu; Paul K. Chu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Lasers without Mirrors, Designed by Supercomputer - NERSC SCience News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lasers without Lasers without Mirrors, Designed by Supercomputer Lasers without Mirrors, Designed by Supercomputer October 14, 2009 | Tags: Lasers, Life Sciences, Materials Science Contact: Ji Qiang | Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | JQiang@lbl.gov John Corlett | Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Center for Beam Physics | JNCorlett@lbl.gov Sometimes it takes a big machine to understand the tiniest details. That's the case with free electron lasers (FELs). The powerful X-rays they generate can probe matter directly at the level of atomic interactions and chemical-bond formation, letting scientists observe such phenomena as chemical reactions in trace elements, electric charges in photosynthesis and the structure of microscopic machines. FELs have the potential to

150

Part One: Mirrors; Part Two: Synthesis of Camphor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

v e r mirrors is regarded as objectionable. Liebig f i r s t noted that s i l v e r could be deposited on glass as a mirror in 1835. He reduced the s i l v e r Silver from the solution of/nitrate i n ammonia with formal­ dehyde . The f i r... s method of depositing copper on glass i s not as nearly i d e a l as some of the methods of de­ po s i t i n g silver,owing to the imperfections that are some times caused by the o i l y decomposition product St the phenylhydrazine, the copper i...

Kent, Robert C.

1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Mirror fusion. Quarterly report, April-June 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The information in each Quarterly is presented in the same sequence as in the Field Work Package Proposal and Authorization System (WPAS) submissions prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy; the main sections are Applied Plasma Physics, Confinement Systems, Development and Technology, and Mirror Fusion Test Facility (Planning and Projects). On occasion, we shall include information pertaining to the LLNL role as Lead Laboratory for the Open Systems Mirror Fusion Program. Each of these sections is introduced by an overall statement of the goals and purposes of the groups reporting in it. As appropriate within each section, statements of the goals of individual programs and projects are followed by articles containing summaries of significant recent activity and descriptive text.

Not Available

1981-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

152

Mirror force induced wave dispersion in Alfvén waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent hybrid MHD-kinetic electron simulations of global scale standing shear Alfvén waves along the Earth's closed dipolar magnetic field lines show that the upward parallel current region within these waves saturates and broadens perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field and that this broadening increases with the electron temperature. Using resistive MHD simulations, with a parallel Ohm's law derived from the linear Knight relation (which expresses the current-voltage relationship along an auroral field line), we explore the nature of this broadening in the context of the increased perpendicular Poynting flux resulting from the increased parallel electric field associated with mirror force effects. This increased Poynting flux facilitates wave energy dispersion across field lines which in-turn allows for electron acceleration to carry the field aligned current on adjacent field lines. This mirror force driven dispersion can dominate over that associated with electron inertial effects for global scale waves.

Damiano, P. A.; Johnson, J. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Measurements of Mirror Soiling at a Candidate CSP Site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Loss of mirror reflectivity due to soiling at Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants is a significant consideration for design and operation of the plant. Increasingly, a bankable case for establishment of a new plant will include an evaluation of the cleanliness of the proposed site in addition to the solar resource assessment. The nature and quantity of atmospheric fallout is site specific and generally has a seasonal cycle. We describe an effort which has been underway for more than a year now for a candidate CSP site cleanliness assessment using dust buckets and loss of reflectivity on mirror samples installed at the site. The loss of reflectivity due to soiling was measured on a monthly cycle using a portable, imaging instrument that was designed and built for this purpose. The design of the instrument is described and typical results are presented.

D.J. Griffith; L. Vhengani; M. Maliage

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Orbit averaged radial buildup code for tandem mirror geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radial Fokker-Planck (RFP) model of A. Futch was modified to treat plasma buildup in the tandem mirror plug and center cell with a self-consistent model (TOARBUC). Two major changes have been made to the original version of this code. First, the center cell is treated as having separate electron and ion confining potentials with the ion potential having the opposite sign of that in a conventional mirror. Second, a two-electron-temperature treatment derived by R. Cohen was included in the present model to allow the plug and center cell to have different T/sub e/'s as observed in the experiment. The following sections explain these changes in greater detail.

Campbell, M.; Futch, A.H.

1981-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

155

The Schwarzschild black hole as a gravitational mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gravitational field outside of a nonrotating black hole is described using the Schwarzschild metric. The geodesic equations of the Schwarzschild metric are derived and those describing null and circular timelike orbits are discussed. Some numerical solutions of the null geodesic equations are shown. These depict photon trajectories which circle the black hole one or two times and then terminate at their emission points. Thus a sequence of ring?shaped mirror images is produced. An equation which gives the angle between the photon’s trajectory and the radial direction at the emitter is derived and applied to the numerical solutions. These results serve to illustrate how an observer ‘‘passes through’’ his or her mirror image at r=3 MG/c 2 as he or she moves toward a Schwarzschild black hole.

W. M. Stuckey

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Summary of results from the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes results from the successful experimental operation of the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) over the period October 1978 through September 1980. The experimental program, summarized by the DOE milestones given in Table 1-1, had three basic phases: (1) an 8-month checkout period, October 1978 through May 1979; (2) a 6-month initial period of operation, June through November 1979, during which the basic principles of the tandem configuration were demonstrated (i.e., plasma confinement was improved over that of a single-cell mirror); and (3) a 10-month period, December 1979 through September 1980, during which the initial TMX results were corroborated by additional diagnostic measurements and many detailed physics investigations were carried out. This report summarizes the early results, presents results of recent data analysis, and outlines areas of ongoing research and data analysis which will be reported in future journal publications.

Simonen, T.C. (ed.)

1981-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

157

Wave-driven Rotation in Supersonically Rotating Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supersonic rotation in mirrors may be produced by radio frequency waves. The waves produce coupled diffusion in ion kinetic and potential energy. A population inversion along the diffusion path then produces rotation. Waves may be designed to exploit a natural kinetic energy source or may provide the rotation energy on their own. Centrifugal traps for fusion and isotope separation may benefit from this wave-driven rotation.

A. Fetterman and N.J. Fisch

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

158

Ray chaos in optical cavities based upon standard laser mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a composite optical cavity made of standard laser mirrors; the cavity consists of a suitable combination of stable and unstable cavities. In spite of its very open nature the composite cavity shows ray chaos, which may be either soft or hard, depending on the cavity configuration. This opens a new, convenient route for experimental studies of the quantum aspects of a chaotic wave field.

A. Aiello; M. P. van Exter; J. P. Woerdman

2003-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

159

Steady mirror structures in a plasma with pressure anisotropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the first part we present a review of our results concerning the weakly nonlinear regime of the mirror instability in the framework of an asymptotic model. This model belongs to the class of gradient type systems for which the free energy can only decrease in time. It reveals a behavior typical for subcritical bifurcations: below the mirror instability threshold, all localized stationary structures are unstable, while above threshold, the system displays a blow-up behavior. It is shown that taking the electrons into account (non-zero temperature) does not change the structure of the asymptotic model. For bi-Maxwellian distribution functions for both electrons and ions, the model predicts the formation of magnetic holes. The second part contains original results concerning two-dimensional steady mirror structures which can form in the saturated regime. Based on Grad-Shafranov-like equations, a gyrotropic plasma, where the pressures in the static regime are only functions of the amplitude of the local magnet...

Kuznetsov, E A; Ruban, V P; Sulem, P L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Document Normalization Revisited Cosine Pivoted Document Length Normalization has  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

submitted results to the TREC-10 web track. 2. Calibrating the Slope for Ad Hoc Task Using pivoted documentDocument Normalization Revisited Abstract Cosine Pivoted Document Length Normalization has reached for the document collection degrades average precision by as much as 20%. 1. Introduction The cosine measure

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site Author U.S. Geological Survey Published U.S. Geological Survey, 2013 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site Citation U.S. Geological Survey. Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site [Internet]. 2013. U.S. Geological Survey. [cited 2013/10/16]. Available from: http://water.usgs.gov/ogw/bgas/toxics/ml_bips.html Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Borehole_Imaging_of_In_Situ_Stress_Tests_at_Mirror_Lake_Research_Site&oldid=688729"

162

On the Compliance of Simbol-X Mirror Roughness with its Effective Area Requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface microroughness of X-ray mirrors is a key issue for the angular resolution of Simbol-X to comply with the required one (<20 arcsec at 30 keV). The maximum tolerable microroughness for Simbol-X mirrors, in order to satisfy the required imaging capability, has already been derived in terms of its PSD (Power Spectral Density). However, also the Effective Area of the telescope is affected by the mirror roughness. In this work we will show how the expected effective area of the Simbol-X mirror module can be computed from the roughness PSD tolerance, checking its compliance with the requirements.

Spiga, D.; Basso, S.; Cotroneo, V.; Pareschi, G.; Tagliaferri, G. [INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera-Via Bianchi 46-23807 Merate (Italy)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

163

Project Profile: Cleanable and Hardcoat Coatings for Increased Durability of Silvered Polymeric Mirrors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

3M, under the CSP R&D FOA, is developing optical coatings for solar mirrors that are durable, easily maintained, and more cost-effective.

164

Cryogenic far-infrared laser absorptivity measurements of the Herschel Space Observatory telescope mirror coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Far-infrared laser calorimetry was used to measure the absorptivity, and thus the emissivity, of aluminum-coated silicon carbide mirror samples produced during the coating...

Fischer, Jacqueline; Klaassen, Tjeerd; Hovenier, Niels; Jakob, Gerd; Poglitsch, Albrecht; Sternberg, Oren

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic mirror alignment Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reconstruction with Structured Light Emric Epstein, Martin Granger-Piche, and Pierre Poulin Summary: is the alignment (rotations) of the mirror local coordinate system so it lies...

166

Modularity, quaternion-Kähler spaces, and mirror symmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We provide an explicit twistorial construction of quaternion-Kähler manifolds obtained by deformation of c-map spaces and carrying an isometric action of the modular group SL(2,Z). The deformation is not assumed to preserve any continuous isometry and therefore this construction presents a general framework for describing NS5-brane instanton effects in string compactifications with N= 2 supersymmetry. In this context the modular invariant parametrization of twistor lines found in this work yields the complete non-perturbative mirror map between type IIA and type IIB physical fields.

Alexandrov, Sergei; Banerjee, Sibasish [Université Montpellier 2, Laboratoire Charles Coulomb UMR 5221, F-34095 Montpellier (France)] [Université Montpellier 2, Laboratoire Charles Coulomb UMR 5221, F-34095 Montpellier (France)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

Using the uncharged Kerr black hole as a gravitational mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend the study of the possibility to use the Schwarzschild black hole as a gravitational mirror to the more general case of an uncharged Kerr black hole. We use the null geodesic equation in the equatorial plane to prove a theorem concerning the conditions the impact parameter has to satisfy if there shall exist boomerang photons. We derive an equation for these boomerang photons and an equation for the emission angle. Finally, the radial null geodesic equation is integrated numerically in order to illustrate boomerang photons.

Cramer, C R

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Using the Uncharged Kerr Black Hole as a Gravitational Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend the study of the possibility to use the Schwarzschild black hole as a gravitational mirror to the more general case of an uncharged Kerr black hole. We use the null geodesic equation in the equatorial plane to prove a theorem concerning the conditions the impact parameter has to satisfy if there shall exist boomerang photons. We derive an equation for these boomerang photons and an equation for the emission angle. Finally, the radial null geodesic equation is integrated numerically in order to illustrate boomerang photons.

Claes R Cramer

1995-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

169

3d mirror symmetry as a canonical transformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generalize the free Fermi-gas formulation of certain 3d ${\\cal N}=3$ supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories by allowing Fayet-Iliopoulos couplings as well as mass terms for bifundamental matter fields. The resulting partition functions are given by simple modifications of the argument of the Airy function found previously. With these extra parameters it is easy to see that mirror-symmetry corresponds to linear canonical transformations on the phase space (or operator algebra) of the 1-dimensional fermions.

Drukker, Nadav

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Conifold singularities, resumming instantons and non-perturbative mirror symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the instanton corrected hypermultiplet moduli space in type IIB compactifications near a Calabi-Yau conifold point where the size of a two-cycle shrinks to zero. We show that D1-instantons resolve the conifold singularity caused by worldsheet instantons. Furthermore, by resumming the instanton series, we reproduce exactly the results obtained by Ooguri and Vafa on the type IIA side, where membrane instantons correct the hypermultiplet moduli space. Our calculations therefore establish that mirror symmetry holds non-perturbatively in the string coupling.

Frank Saueressig; Stefan Vandoren

2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

171

Study of impurities in the Tandem Mirror Experiment using extreme-ultraviolet spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Impurities in the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) have been studied using extreme ultraviolet spectroscopy. Three time-resolving absolutely-calibrated normal-incidence monochromators, one on each section of TMX, were used to study the impurity emissions in the wavelength range of 300 A to 1600 A. The instruments on the east end cell and central cell were each capable of obtaining spatially-resolved profiles from 22 chords of the plasma simultaneously while the instrument on the west end cell monitored the central chord. The impurities identified in TMX were carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and titanium. Emphasis was placed upon determining the impurity densities and radiated power losses of the central cell; results indicate that the impurity concentrations were low - less than 0.4% for each species - and that less than 10% of the total net trapped neutral beam power was lost to radiation. The use of titanium gettering on the central cell walls was observed to decrease the brightnesses of singly- and doubly-ionized carbon and oxygen in the central cell plasma. In the end cells, oxygen was the main impurity with a concentration of about 1.5% and was injected by the neutral beams; the other impurities had concentrations of about 0.5%. Radiation losses from the end cells were negligible.

Strand, O.T.

1982-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

172

An optically trapped mirror for reaching the standard quantum limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The preparation of a mechanical oscillator driven by quantum back-action is a fundamental requirement to reach the standard quantum limit (SQL) for force measurement, in optomechanical systems. However, thermal fluctuating force generally dominates a disturbance on the oscillator. In the macroscopic scale, an optical linear cavity including a suspended mirror has been used for the weak force measurement, such as gravitational-wave detectors. This configuration has the advantages of reducing the dissipation of the pendulum (i.e., suspension thermal noise) due to a gravitational dilution by using a thin wire, and of increasing the circulating laser power. However, the use of the thin wire is weak for an optical torsional anti-spring effect in the cavity, due to the low mechanical restoring force of the wire. Thus, there is the trade-off between the stability of the system and the sensitivity. Here, we describe using a triangular optical cavity to overcome this limitation for reaching the SQL. The triangular cavity can provide a sensitive and stable system, because it can optically trap the mirror's motion of the yaw, through an optical positive torsional spring effect. To show this, we demonstrate a measurement of the torsional spring effect caused by radiation pressure forces.

Nobuyuki Matsumoto; Yuta Michimura; Yoichi Aso; Kimio Tsubono

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

173

The ASTRI SST-2M Prototype: Structure and Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The next generation of IACT (Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope) will explore the uppermost end of the VHE (Very High Energy) domain up to about few hundreds of TeV with unprecedented sensibility, angular resolution and imaging quality. To this end, INAF (Italian National Institute of Astrophysics) is currently developing a scientific and technological telescope prototype for the implementation of the CTA (Cherenkov Telescope Array) observatory. ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Replicante Italiana) foresees the full design, development, installation and calibration of a Small Size 4 meter class Telescope. The telescope, named SST-2M, is based on an aplanatic, wide field, double reflection optical layout in a Schwarzschild-Couder configuration. In this paper we report about the technological solutions adopted for the telescope and for the mirrors. In particular the structural and electro-mechanical design of the telescope and the results on the optical performance derived after the development of a prototype of the segments that will be assembled to form the primary mirror.

Rodolfo Canestrari; Osvaldo Catalano; Mauro Fiorini; Enrico Giro; Nicola La Palombara; Giovanni Pareschi; Luca Stringhetti; Gino Tosti; Stefano Vercellone; for the ASTRI Collaboration; Francesco Martelli; Giancarlo Parodi; Pierfrancesco Rossettini; Raffaele Tomelleri

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

174

GDT-based neutron source with multiple-mirror end plugs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new linear trap to be built at the Budker Institute. It combines gasdynamictype central cell with sloshing ions for beam fusion and the multiple-mirror end plugs for improved axial confinement. Thus it is designed as an efficient neutron source and a testbed for future development of mirror-based fusion reactors.

Beklemishev, A.; Anikeev, A.; Burdakov, A.; Ivanov, A.; Ivanov, I.; Postupaev, V.; Sinitsky, S. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

175

Photo-patterning micro-mirror devices using azo dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photo-patterning micro-mirror devices using azo dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals Tsung: A simple method for fabricating patternable micro-mirror devices by photo-induced alignment of dye to nearly perfect planar by the photo-excited adsorbed dyes. This structure transformation leads

Wu, Shin-Tson

176

Design study of 8 meter monolithic mirror UV/optical space telescope H. Philip Stahl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design study of 8 meter monolithic mirror UV/optical space telescope H. Philip Stahl NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 ABSTRACT The planned Ares V launch vehicle with its 10 meter to 8 meter class monolithic primary mirror telescope to Sun-Earth L2 using an Ares V. Specific

Sirianni, Marco

177

Planar Gold Nanoparticle Clusters as Microscale Mirrors Jin Young Kim and Frank E. Osterloh*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planar Gold Nanoparticle Clusters as Microscale Mirrors Jin Young Kim and Frank E. Osterloh,4,5 In extension of our work on nanoparticle-based waveguides,6-9 we report here a scalable chemical synthesis of micrometer-scale mirrors based on Au nanoparticles and Ca2Nb3O10 nanoplates. Similar to their macroscale

Osterloh, Frank

178

Extreme ultraviolet carrier-frequency shearing interferometry of a lithographic four-mirror optical system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme ultraviolet carrier-frequency shearing interferometry of a lithographic four-mirror optical of an EUV Schwarzschild objective.13 Direct comparison of this LSI to the PS/PDI has demon- strated a root-grating, carrier- frequency LSI for testing a lithographic four-mirror EUV optical system. The tests were performed

179

Doppler Effect Associated with the Reflection of Light on a Moving Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Doppler Effect associated with the reflection on a moving mirror is reduced to two Doppler Effect experiments involving the incoming incident ray and the outgoing reflected ray or vice-versa. The dependence of the corresponding Doppler factors on the incidence angle on the stationary mirror.

Bernhard Rothenstein; Ioan Damian

2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

180

The Icon of God and the Mirror of the Soul: Exploring the Origins of Iconography in Patristic Writing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

face to face. ” The icon, therefore, is closely interrelatedTHE ICON OF GOD AND THE MIRROR OF THE SOUL: EXPLORING THEby Andreas Andreopoulos The icon is also a mirror, fashioned

Andreopoulos, Andreas

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Opto-thermal analysis of a lightweighted mirror for solar telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, an opto-thermal analysis of a moderately heated lightweighted solar telescope mirror is carried out using 3D finite element analysis (FEA). A physically realistic heat transfer model is developed to account for the radiative heating and energy exchange of the mirror with surroundings. The numerical simulations show the non-uniform temperature distribution and associated thermo-elastic distortions of the mirror blank clearly mimicking the underlying discrete geometry of the lightweighted substrate. The computed mechanical deformation data is analyzed with surface polynomials and the optical quality of the mirror is evaluated with the help of a ray-tracing software. The thermal print-through distortions are further shown to contribute to optical figure changes and mid-spatial frequency errors of the mirror surface. A comparative study presented for three commonly used substrate materials, namely, Zerodur, Pyrex and Silicon Carbide (SiC) is relevant to vast area of large optics requirements in gro...

Banyal, Ravinder K; Chatterjee, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Performance of an optimally contact-cooled high-heat-load mirror at the APS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray undulator beamlines at third-generation synchrotrons facilities use either a monochromator or a mirror as the first optical element. In this paper, the thermal and optical performance of an optimally designed contact-cooled high-heat-load x-ray mirror used as the first optical element on the 2ID undulator beamline at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) is reported. It is shown that this simple and economical mirror design can comfortably handle the high heat load of undulator beamlines and provide good performance with long-term reliability and ease of operation. Availability and advantages of such mirrors can make the mirror-first approach to high-heat-load beamline design an attractive alternative to monochromator-first beamlines in many circumstances.

Cai, Z.; Khounsary, A.; Lai, B.; McNulty, I.; Yun, W.

1998-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

183

direct normal | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal normal Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below

184

Normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3{prime} noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. 4 figs.

Soares, M.B.; Efstratiadis, A.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

186

All solid-state SBS phase conjugate mirror  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) phase conjugate laser mirror uses a solid-state nonlinear gain medium instead of the conventional liquid or high pressure gas medium. The concept has been effectively demonstrated using common optical-grade fused silica. An energy threshold of 2.5 mJ and a slope efficiency of over 90% were achieved, resulting in an overall energy reflectivity of >80% for 15 ns, 1 um laser pulses. The use of solid-state materials is enabled by a multi-pass resonant architecture which suppresses transient fluctuations that would otherwise result in damage to the SBS medium. This all solid state phase conjugator is safer, more reliable, and more easily manufactured than prior art designs. It allows nonlinear wavefront correction to be implemented in industrial and defense laser systems whose operating environments would preclude the introduction of potentially hazardous liquids or high pressure gases. 8 figs.

Dane, C.B.; Hackel, L.A.

1999-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

187

Calculation of density profiles in tandem mirrors fueled by pellets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have modified the LLNL radial transport code TMT to model reactor regime plasmas, fueled by pellets. The source profiles arising from pellet fueling are obtained from existing pellet ablation models. Because inward radial diffusion due to inverted profiles must compete with trapping of central cell ions in the transition region for tandem mirrors, pellets must penetrate fairly far into the plasma. In fact, based on our radial calculations, a pellet with a velocity of 10 km/sec cannot sustain the central flux tubes; a velocity more like 100 km/sec will be necessary. We also find that the central cell radial diffusion must exceed classical by about a factor of 100.

Campbell, R.B.; Gilmore, J.M.

1983-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

188

Collisional Processes at Low Densities in Magnetic Mirror Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study of collisional processes in plasmas produced by neutral?atom injection into magnetic mirror fields is described. The emphasis is on the many collisional processes which occur as the plasma density increases. Experimental and theoretical results are given. The experimental results are discussed first in terms of a simple model which assumes a Maxwellian electron distribution and a monoenergetic ion component of much higher energy. Analytical solutions may be obtained for this model. Also presented is a more complete theory employing two time?dependent Fokker?Planck equations to describe the behavior of the electron and ion distribution functions. Both models are in good agreement with measured values of the electron temperature and plasma potential. The equilibrium values of these two quantities are found to vary as the 3 5 power of the ratio of the plasma density to the background?gas density.

A. H. Futch; C. C. Damm; J. H. Foote; A. L. Gardner; J. Killeen

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Moving Mirrors, Black Holes, Hawking Radiation and All That  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk I show how to canonically quantize a massless scalar field in the background of a Schwarzschild black hole in Lema\\^itre coordinates and then present a simplified derivation of Hawking radiation based upon this procedure. The key result of quantization procedure is that the Hamiltonian of the system is explicitly time dependent and so problem is intrinsically non-static. From this it follows that, although a unitary time-development operator exists, it is not useful to talk about vacuum states; rather, one should focus attention on steady state phenomena such as the Hawking radiation. In order to clarify the approximations used to study this problem I begin by discussing the related problem of the massless scalar field theory calculated in the presence of a moving mirror.

Marvin Weinstein

2001-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

190

The ASTRI SST-2M Prototype: Structure and Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The next generation of IACT (Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope) will explore the uppermost end of the VHE (Very High Energy) domain up to about few hundreds of TeV with unprecedented sensibility, angular resolution and imaging quality. To this end, INAF (Italian National Institute of Astrophysics) is currently developing a scientific and technological telescope prototype for the implementation of the CTA (Cherenkov Telescope Array) observatory. ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Replicante Italiana) foresees the full design, development, installation and calibration of a Small Size 4 meter class Telescope. The telescope, named SST-2M, is based on an aplanatic, wide field, double reflection optical layout in a Schwarzschild-Couder configuration. In this paper we report about the technological solutions adopted for the telescope and for the mirrors. In particular the structural and electro-mechanical design of the telescope and the results on the optical performance derived after the development ...

Canestrari, Rodolfo; Fiorini, Mauro; Giro, Enrico; La Palombara, Nicola; Pareschi, Giovanni; Stringhetti, Luca; Tosti, Gino; Vercellone, Stefano; Martelli, Francesco; Parodi, Giancarlo; Rossettini, Pierfrancesco; Tomelleri, Raffaele

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Moving Mirrors, Black Holes, Hawking Radiation and All That  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk I show how to canonically quantize a massless scalar field in the background of a Schwarzschild black hole in Lema\\^itre coordinates and then present a simplified derivation of Hawking radiation based upon this procedure. The key result of quantization procedure is that the Hamiltonian of the system is explicitly time dependent and so problem is intrinsically non-static. From this it follows that, although a unitary time-development operator exists, it is not useful to talk about vacuum states; rather, one should focus attention on steady state phenomena such as the Hawking radiation. In order to clarify the approximations used to study this problem I begin by discussing the related problem of the massless scalar field theory calculated in the presence of a moving mirror.

Weinstein, M A

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Moving Mirrors, Black Holes, Hawking Radiation and All That  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this talk I show how, in Lemaitre coordinates, one can canonically quantize a massless scalar field in the background of a Schwarzschild black hole and then show how this leads to a simplified derivation of Hawking radiation. The key result of the canonical quantization procedure is that the Hamiltonian of the system is explicitly time dependent, which immediately shows that the problem is intrinsically non-static and that, although a unitary time-development operator exists, it is not useful to talk about eigenstates. Rather, one should deal with the Heisenberg equations of motion and focus attention on steady state phenomena, such as the Hawking radiation. In order to clarify the procedure used to solve the Heisenberg equations I first discuss the related problem of the massless scalar field theory calculated in the presence of a moving mirror.

Weinstein, Marvin

2001-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

193

Gamma Ray Mirrors for Direct Measurement of Spent Nuclear Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct measurement of the amount of Pu and U in spent nuclear fuel represents a challenge for the safeguards community. Ideally, the characteristic gamma-ray emission lines from different isotopes provide an observable suitable for this task. However, these lines are generally lost in the fierce flux of radiation emitted by the fuel. The rates are so high that detector dead times limit measurements to only very small solid angles of the fuel. Only through the use of carefully designed view ports and long dwell times are such measurements possible. Recent advances in multilayer grazing-incidence gamma-ray optics provide one possible means of overcoming this difficulty. With a proper optical and coating design, such optics can serve as a notch filter, passing only narrow regions of the overall spectrum to a fully shielded detector that does not view the spent fuel directly. We report on the design of a mirror system and a number of experimental measurements.

Pivovaroff, Dr. Michael J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Ziock, Klaus-Peter [ORNL] [ORNL; Harrison, Mark J [ORNL] [ORNL; Soufli, Regina [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Development of stressed membrane heliostat mirror module: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of a commercial stressed membrane 150 m/sup 2/ heliostat mirror module based on thin .0762 mm (.003 in.) stainless steel is reported. The fabrication and initial evaluations of a 50 m/sup 2/ first of a kind prototype is reported and represents the first proof of principal for this advanced heliostat concept. The baseline design, manufacturing and installation of these vacuum focused double membrane ''thin drum'' heliostats has been established. The results of prototype testing will allow the designs and manufacturing scenarios for these 10.7 kg/m/sup 2/, 2.2 lb/ft/sup 2/, $65/m/sup 2/ heliostats to be refined and installation costs reduced.

Butler, B.L.; Beninga, K.; Loomis, W.C.; Royval, P.J.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

All solid-state SBS phase conjugate mirror  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) phase conjugate laser mirror uses a solid-state nonlinear gain medium instead of the conventional liquid or high pressure gas medium. The concept has been effectively demonstrated using common optical-grade fused silica. An energy threshold of 2.5 mJ and a slope efficiency of over 90% were achieved, resulting in an overall energy reflectivity of >80% for 15 ns, 1 um laser pulses. The use of solid-state materials is enabled by a multi-pass resonant architecture which suppresses transient fluctuations that would otherwise result in damage to the SBS medium. This all solid state phase conjugator is safer, more reliable, and more easily manufactured than prior art designs. It allows nonlinear wavefront correction to be implemented in industrial and defense laser systems whose operating environments would preclude the introduction of potentially hazardous liquids or high pressure gases.

Dane, Clifford B. (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Economic Mass Producible Mirror Panels for Solar Concentrators G Johnston, G. Burgess, K. Lovegrove and A. Luzzi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Mass Producible Mirror Panels for Solar Concentrators G Johnston, G. Burgess, K. Lovegrove to the success of all solar concentrators of this nature are cost effective and durable mirror panel components World Solar Congress 743 #12;Economic Mass Producible Mirror Panels for Solar Concentrators Johnston

197

Normalization of Process Safety Metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D ........................................................................................................... 90 APPENDIX E ............................................................................................................ 98 VITA... are usually more than the product of workforce numbers and the work hours per worker. This action certainly degrades the precision of normalized incident rates. Moreover, this denominator only reflects limited and unspecified process information. New...

Wang, Mengtian

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

198

Thermal Barrier Formation and Plasma Confinement in the Axisymmetrized Tandem Mirror GAMMA 10  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the axisymmetrized tandem mirror GAMMA 10, thermal-barrier and plug potentials have been formed in the axisymmetric mirror cells at both ends and directly measured with Au neutral-beam probes and end-loss analyzers. Strong end-loss reduction associated with the potential formation results in enhancement of the axial particle confinement time 100 times over the mirror confinement time without plugging, in reasonable agreement with Pastukhov formula. An empirical scaling on nonambipolar radial ion confinement time in the axisymmetrized field configuration is presented.

M. Inutake; T. Cho; M. Ichimura; K. Ishii; A. Itakura; I. Katanuma; Y. Kiwamoto; Y. Kusama; A. Mase; S. Miyoshi; Y. Nakashima; T. Saito; A. Sakasai; K. Sawada; I. Wakaida; N. Yamaguchi; K. Yatsu

1985-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

199

Plasma confinement experiments in the TMX tandem mirror. Paper IAEA-CN-38/F-1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from the new Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) are described. Tandem-mirror density and potential profiles are produced using end-plug neutral-beam injection and central-cell gas-fueling. TMX parameters are near those predicted theoretically. The end-plug electron temperature is higher than in the comparably sized single-mirror 2XIIB. Axial confinement of the finite-beta central-cell plasma is improved by the end plugs by as much as a factor of 9. In TMX, end-plug microinstability limits central-cell confinement in agreement with theory.

Simonen, T.C.; Anderson, C.A.; Casper, T.A.

1980-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

200

TeV Scale Quantum Gravity and Mirror Supernovae as Sources of Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror matter models have been suggested recently as an explanation of neutrino puzzles and microlensing anomalies. We show that mirror supernovae can be a copious source of energetic gamma rays if one assumes that the quantum gravity scale is in the TeV range. We show that under certain assumptions plausible in the mirror models, the gamma energies could be degraded to the 10 MeV range (and perhaps even further) so as to provide an explanation of observed gamma ray bursts. This mechanism for the origin of the gamma ray bursts has the advantage that it neatly avoids the ``baryon load problem''.

R. N. Mohapatra; S. Nussinov; V. L. Teplitz

1999-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Sagnac interferometry as a probe to the commutation relation of a macroscopic quantum mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single photon Sagnac interferometry as a probe to macroscopic quantum mechanics is considered at the theoretical level. For a freely moving macroscopic quantum mirror susceptible to radiation pressure force inside a Sagnac interferometer, a careful analysis of the input-output relation reveals that the particle spectrum readout at the bright and dark ports encode information concerning the noncommutativity of position and momentum of the macroscopic mirror. A feasible experimental scheme to probe the commutation relation of a macroscopic quantum mirror is outlined to explore the possible frontier between classical and quantum regimes. In the Appendix, the case of Michelson interferometry as a feasible probe is also sketched.

Yang Ran; Gong Xuefei; Pei Shouyong; Luo Ziren; Lau, Y. K. [Physics Department, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Institute of High Energy Physics, Theoretical Physics Center for Science Facilities, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Physics Department, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15, Beisihuanxi road, Beijing 100190 (China); Institute of Applied Mathematics, Academy of Mathematics and System Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 55, Zhongguancun Donglu, Beijing 100190 (China)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Design of a small fast steering mirror for airborne and aerospace applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the analysis and design of a small advanced fast steering mirror (sAFSM) for airborne and aerospace platforms. The sAFSM provides feedback-controlled articulation of two rotational axes for precision ...

Boulet, Michael Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Microfabrication of Optically Flat Silicon Micro-Mirrors for Fully Programmable Micro-Diffraction Gratings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have fabricated and characterized a Fully Programmable Micro-Diffraction Grating (FPMDG) with 64 silicon micro-mirrors for spectral shaping in the visible and near-infrared wavelength range. The FPMDG arrays of 50 ?m ...

Timotijevic, B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Advanced Technology Solar Telescope 4.2 m Off-axis Primary Mirror Fabrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advanced optical surfacing technologies are applied for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope 4.2 m off-axis primary mirror fabrication. A newly developed Stressed lap and IR...

Kim, Dae Wook; Oh, Chang Jin; Su, Peng; Burge, James H

205

Flexural Stiffnesses of and Dimensional Stability in Circular Quasi-isotropic Laminate Mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

buffer layers on composite mirrors for high surface smoothness. In this dissertation document, radial stiffness associated with stacking sequence effects in quasi-isotropic laminates (pi/n, where n=3, 4, and 6) and dimensional stability in the composite...

Kim, Kyungpyo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

A DISCUSSION OF HEAT MIRROR FILM: PERFORMANCE, PRODUCTION PROCESS, AND COST ESTIMATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transfer thnough a window by using Intrex film as a heatwindow construction will be PROCESS DESCRIPTION Intrex filmWindows and Lighting Program Building 90, Room 2056 Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Berkeley, California -ii- A DISCUSSION OF HEAT MIRROR FILM:

Levin, B. P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Demonstration of achromatic cold-neutron microscope utilizing axisymmetric focusing mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An achromatic cold-neutron microscope with magnification 4 is demonstrated. The image-forming optics is composed of nested coaxial mirrors of full figures of revolution, so-called Wolter optics. The spatial resolution, ...

Liu, Dazhi

208

Brain organization mirrors caste differences, colony founding and nest architecture in paper wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 42 14 133 Brain organization mirrors caste differences...social organization and may affect mosaic brain evolution. We asked whether the relative size of functionally distinct brain regions corresponds to species differences...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric mirror dark Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

this picture, and (5) the flat mirror at the focal plane. Right image... on the design of Schwarzschild-Chang type telescope. With only two ... Source: Pak, Soojong - Department of...

210

On eikonal distribution in the aperture of a two-mirror telescopic system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The derivation of the formula describing the eikonal distribution in the aperture of an axially symmetric two-mirror system with the source displaced from the ... of the eikonal in the aperture of a Schwarzschild

A. S. Venetskiy; V. A. Kaloshin

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Anisotropy and crystal orientation of silicon--application to the modeling of a bent mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Matrix formula and MATLAB algorithm are proposed to calculate the stiffness coefficient matrix C, the Young's modulus, shear modulus and Poisson ratio for the silicon crystal in any orientation. Results for Si(110) and Si(311) are given as an example. The anisotropic material properties of the silicon have been used in the mirror width profile optimization for the nano-imaging end-station ID22NI at the ESRF. As the Si(110) is used as the substrate of this multilayer coated KB mirror, the silicon crystal axis [0 0 1] is proposed to orient to the mirror axis. This is the case to have low stress in the mirror and low bending forces from actuators.

Zhang Lin [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex (France)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

On Integration of Mirror Collector and Stirling Engine for Solar Power System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the current work, several types of solar collectors, i.e. parabolic, cylindrical, and mirrors, were designed and fabricated. The aim of this study is to integrate the optimum collector with Stirling engine in ...

B.F. Yousif; Ammar Al-Shalabi; Dirk G. Rilling

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Comparison of Fresnel lenses and parabolic mirrors as solar energy concentrators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the gain that can be achieved with a one- or two-stage concentrator, when the first stage is a Fresnel lens or a parabolic mirror, as a function of the luminosity...

Lorenzo, E; Luque, A

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror system, high power laser and laser peening method and system using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser system, such as a master oscillator/power amplifier system, comprises a gain medium and a stimulated Brillouin scattering SBS mirror system. The SBS mirror system includes an in situ filtered SBS medium that comprises a compound having a small negative non-linear index of refraction, such as a perfluoro compound. An SBS relay telescope having a telescope focal point includes a baffle at the telescope focal point which blocks off angle beams. A beam splitter is placed between the SBS mirror system and the SBS relay telescope, directing a fraction of the beam to an alternate beam path for an alignment fiducial. The SBS mirror system has a collimated SBS cell and a focused SBS cell. An adjustable attenuator is placed between the collimated SBS cell and the focused SBS cell, by which pulse width of the reflected beam can be adjusted.

Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA); Harris, Fritz B. (Rocklin, CA)

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

215

Method for pulse control in a laser including a stimulated brillouin scattering mirror system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser system, such as a master oscillator/power amplifier system, comprises a gain medium and a stimulated Brillouin scattering SBS mirror system. The SBS mirror system includes an in situ filtered SBS medium that comprises a compound having a small negative non-linear index of refraction, such as a perfluoro compound. An SBS relay telescope having a telescope focal point includes a baffle at the telescope focal point which blocks off angle beams. A beam splitter is placed between the SBS mirror system and the SBS relay telescope, directing a fraction of the beam to an alternate beam path for an alignment fiducial. The SBS mirror system has a collimated SBS cell and a focused SBS cell. An adjustable attenuator is placed between the collimated SBS cell and the focused SBS cell, by which pulse width of the reflected beam can be adjusted.

Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA); Harris, Fritz B. (Rocklin, CA)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

216

Measurement of in-service vibration of interior mirrors using virtual laser technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Spanish company IDIADA AT, Santa Oliva (Tarragona), has developed a novel measurement technique that uses a virtual laser technique to quantify in-service vibration levels of interior and exterior mirrors and...

Carlos Grasas; Juan Jesus García

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Aerial 3D LED Display by use of Crossed-mirror Array  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to realize aerial 3D LED signage, we have fabricated a crossed-mirror array for LEDs. Aerial LED signs have been successfully formed. We have investigated image formation with...

Yamamoto, Hirotsugu

218

Design and shape control of lightweight mirrors for dynamic performance and athermalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The next generation of space telescopes will need to meet increasingly challenging science goals. For these new systems to meet resolution goals, the collecting area of the primary mirror will need to be increased. However, ...

Jordan, Elizabeth (Elizabeth O.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Optimal Design of Multilayer Mirrors for Water-Window Microscope Optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A small bandwidth of periodic multilayers at wavelengths 2.4–4.4 nm presents problems for the spectral matching of mirrors. This leads to low throughput of a Schwarzschild microscope and its sensitivity to techno...

Yurii Uspenskii; Denis Burenkov; Tadashi Hatano; Masaki Yamamoto

220

Design and analysis of a two-channel three-mirror x-ray telescope: errata  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alternate configurations for a two-channel three-mirror glancing incidence x-ray telescope have been designed and evaluated. A Wolter-Schwarzschild type I telescope is used as a base...

Kassim, Abd M; Shealy, David L

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Planar feasibility study for primary mirror control of large imaging space systems using binary actuators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The greatest discoveries in astronomy have come with advancements in ground-based observatories and space telescopes. Latest trends in ground-based observatories have been ever increasing size of the primary mirror, providing ...

Lee, Seung Jae, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Performance analysis of Azimuth Tracking Fixed Mirror Solar Concentrator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fixed mirror solar collector (FMSC) fixes reflector and mobiles receiver to collect solar energy. However, this type of concentrator has a low efficiency and short operating duration in practical applications. In this paper, we propose to install the FMSC on an azimuth tracking device (ATFMSC) and the reflectors are arranged by intermission to avoid the shading of neighbor reflector for incidence angle of less than 10° to improve its optical performance. Through the integration of the reflected solar radiation distribution function over any reflection point, and then the whole collector aperture, we develop the analytical expressions of various system efficiencies to numerically simulate the performance of ATFMSC with evacuated tube receiver in different design parameters. It is validated by the ray tracing results. The result shows that the mean annual net heat efficiency of the whole system would be up to 61% with the operating temperature of 400 °C, which is higher than parabolic trough collector and traditional FMSC. This is because the longitudinal incidence angle of ATFMSC always remains zero by tracking the sun azimuth, so the end loss of the concentrator can be avoided and enables it to operate with high efficiency continually.

Longlong Li; Huairui Li; Qian Xu; Weidong Huang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Finite beta plasma equilibrium in toroidally linked mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of finite pressure plasma equilibrium in a system with closed magnetic field lines consisting of quadrupole mirrors linked by simple toroidal cells with elliptical cross-sections is analyzed. An appropriate analytical procedure is developed, that uses conformal mapping techniques, which enables one to obtain the magnetic field structure for the free boundary equilibrium problem. This method has general applicability for finding analytic solutions of the two-dimensional Dirichlet problem outside of an arbitrary closed contour. Using this method, the deformations of the plasma equilibrium configuration due to finite plasma pressure in the toroidal cell are calculated analytically to the second order in {lambda}-expansion, where {lambda} {approximately} {beta}/{epsilon}E, {beta} is the ratio of plasma pressure to the magnetic field pressure, {epsilon} is the inverse aspect ratio and E is the ellipticity of the plasma cross-section. The outer displacement of the plasma column is shown to depend nonlinearly on the increase of plasma pressure, and does not prevent the achievement of substantial {beta} {approximately} 10% in the toroidal cells.

Ilgisonis, V.I.; Berk, H.L.; Pastukhov, V.P.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Transport and equilibrium in field-reversed mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two plasma models relevant to compact torus research have been developed to study transport and equilibrium in field reversed mirrors. In the first model for small Larmor radius and large collision frequency, the plasma is described as an adiabatic hydromagnetic fluid. In the second model for large Larmor radius and small collision frequency, a kinetic theory description has been developed. Various aspects of the two models have been studied in five computer codes ADB, AV, NEO, OHK, RES. The ADB code computes two dimensional equilibrium and one dimensional transport in a flux coordinate. The AV code calculates orbit average integrals in a harmonic oscillator potential. The NEO code follows particle trajectories in a Hill's vortex magnetic field to study stochasticity, invariants of the motion, and orbit average formulas. The OHK code displays analytic psi(r), B/sub Z/(r), phi(r), E/sub r/(r) formulas developed for the kinetic theory description. The RES code calculates resonance curves to consider overlap regions relevant to stochastic orbit behavior.

Boyd, J.K.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Study of fusion product effects in field-reversed mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of fusion products (fps) on Field-Reversed Mirror (FRM) reactor concepts has been evaluated through the development of two new computer models. The first code (MCFRM) treats fps as test particles in a fixed background plasma, which is represented as a fluid. MCFRM includes a Monte Carlo treatment of Coulomb scattering and thus provides an accurate treatment of fp behavior even at lower energies where pitch-angle scattering becomes important. The second code (FRMOD) is a steady-state, globally averaged, two-fluid (ion and electron), point model of the FRM plasma that incorporates fp heating and ash buildup values which are consistent with the MCFRM calculations. These codes have been used extensively in the development of an advanced-fuel FRM reactor design (SAFFIRE). A Catalyzed-D version of the plant is also discussed along with an investigation of the steady-state energy distribution of fps in the FRM. User guides for the two computer codes are also included.

Driemeyer, D.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Measurement of multilayer mirror reflectivity and stimulated emission in the XUV spectral region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present measurements of multilayer mirror reflectivity and stimulated emission in the XUV spectral region. A molybdenum-silicon multilayer mirror with 12% measured reflectivity at 182 A was found to produce a 120% enhancement of the C VI 182 A line (3 ..-->.. 2 transition) in a strongly recombining plasma. No such enhancement of the CV 186.7 A line was seen, demonstrating amplification of stimulated emission at 182 A.

Keane, C.; Nam, C.H.; Meixler, L.; Milchberg, H.; Skinner, C.H.; Suckewer, S.; Voorhees, D.; Barbee, T.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Relative radiant heat absorption characteristics of two types of mirror shields and a polished aluminum shield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIVE RADIANT HEAT ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO TYPES OF MIRROR SHIELDS AND A POLISHED ALUMINUM SHIELD A Thesis by STEVEN DOUGLAS HERRON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Industrial Hygiene RELATIVE RADIANT HEAT ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO TYPES OF MIRROR SHIELDS AND A POLISHED ALUMINUM SHIELD A Thesis by STEVEN DOUGLAS HERRON Approved...

Herron, Steven Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

228

Status and development of magnetic mirror systems for nuclear testing applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several system studies have concluded that the small size and steady-state nature of magnetic mirror systems provide attractive features of nuclear testing applications such as blanket testing, fissile fuel production, tritium production, or decontamination of high-level radioactive nuclear reactor wastes. A summary of the data base is presented, and next-generation experiments that could be carried out to explore plasma physics issues associated with the production of high neutron fluxes in magnetic mirror configurations are described.

Simonen, T.C.; Futch, A.H.; Kaiser, T.B.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Buildup studies of a tandem mirror reactor with inboard thermal barriers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The build-up and quasi-steady state phases of the operation of the tandem mirror experiment, TMX, and of a tandem mirror machine with inboard thermal barriers, MFTF-B, have been simulated using a fluid model of the central cell and plug plasmas. The fluid model incorporates classical radial transport, three-dimensional cold gas transport in cylindrical geometry, and neutral beam transport corrected for finite-Larmor-orbit effects in both the central cell and yin yang end plugs.

Gryczkowski, G.E.; Gilmore, J.M.

1980-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

230

LCLS X-ray mirror measurements using a large aperture visible light interferometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synchrotron or FEL X-ray mirrors are required to deliver an X-ray beam from its source to an experiment location, without contributing significantly to wave front distortion. Accurate mirror figure measurements are required prior to installation to meet this intent. This paper describes how a 300 mm aperture phasing interferometer was calibrated to <1 nm absolute accuracy and used to mount and measure 450 mm long flats for the Linear Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Measuring focus mirrors with an interferometer requires additional calibration, because high fringe density introduces systematic errors from the interferometer's imaging optics. This paper describes how these errors can be measured and corrected. The calibration approaches described here apply equally well to interferometers larger than 300 mm aperture, which are becoming more common in optics laboratories. The objective of this effort was to install LCLS flats with < 10 nm of spherical curvature, and < 2 nm rms a-sphere. The objective was met by measuring the mirrors after fabrication, coating and mounting, using a 300 mm aperture phasing interferometer calibrated to an accuracy < 1 nm. The key to calibrating the interferometer accurately was to sample the error using independent geometries that are available. The results of those measurements helped identify and reduce calibration error sources. The approach used to measure flats applies equally well to focus mirrors, provided an additional calibration is performed to measure the error introduced by fringe density. This calibration has been performed on the 300 mm aperture interferometer, and the measurement correction was evaluated for a typical focus mirror. The 300 mm aperture limitation requires stitching figure measurements together for many X-ray mirrors of interest, introducing another possible error source. Stitching is eliminated by applying the calibrations described above to larger aperture instruments. The authors are presently extending this work to a 600 mm instrument. Instruments with 900 mm aperture are now becoming available, which would accommodate the largest mirrors of interest.

McCarville, T; Soufli, R; Pivovaroff, M

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

231

Fast Neutron - Mirror Neutron Oscillation and Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If there exists the mirror world, a parallel hidden sector of particles with exactly the same microphysics as that of the observable particles, then the primordial nucleosynthesis constraints require that the temperature of the cosmic background of mirror relic photons should be smaller than that of the ordinary relic photons, T'/T neutron - mirror neutron oscillation in vacuum, with an oscillation time $\\tau \\sim 1$ s, much smaller than the neutron lifetime. We show that this could provide a very efficient mechanism for transporting ultra high energy protons at large cosmological distances. The mechanism operates as follows: a super-GZK energy proton scatters a relic photon producing a neutron that oscillates into a mirror neutron which then decays into a mirror proton. The latter undergoes a symmetric process, scattering a mirror relic photon and producing back an ordinary nucleon, but only after traveling a distance $(T/T')^{3}$ times larger than ordinary protons. This may relax or completely remove the GZK-cutoff in the cosmic ray spectrum and also explain the correlation between the observed ultra high energy protons and far distant sources as are the BL Lacs.

Zurab Berezhiani; Luis Bento

2006-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

232

Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Major Normal Fault Major Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Major Normal Fault Dictionary.png Major Normal Fault: Normal faults are structures in which the hanging wall is down dropped along the fault plane relative to the foot wall. They are the predominant type of structure in extensional tectonic environments, but are commonly encountered in a number of geologic settings. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone

233

Design of a Thermal Imaging Diagnostic Using 90-Degree, Off-Axis, Parabolic Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal imaging is an important, though challenging, diagnostic for shockwave experiments. Shock-compressed materials undergo transient temperature changes that cannot be recorded with standard (greater than ms response time) infrared detectors. A further complication arises when optical elements near the experiment are destroyed. We have designed a thermal-imaging system for studying shock temperatures produced inside a gas gun at Sandia National Laboratories. Inexpensive, diamond-turned, parabolic mirrors relay an image of the shocked target to the exterior of the gas gun chamber through a sapphire vacuum port. The 3000–5000-nm portion of this image is directed to an infrared camera which acquires a snapshot of the target with a minimum exposure time of 150 ns. A special mask is inserted at the last intermediate image plane, to provide dynamic thermal background recording during the event. Other wavelength bands of this image are split into high-speed detectors operating at 900–1700 nm, and at 1700–3000 nm for timeresolved pyrometry measurements. This system incorporates 90-degree, off-axis parabolic mirrors, which can collect low f/# light over a broad spectral range, for high-speed imaging. Matched mirror pairs must be used so that aberrations cancel. To eliminate image plane tilt, proper tip-to-tip orientation of the parabolic mirrors is required. If one parabolic mirror is rotated 180 degrees about the optical axis connecting the pair of parabolic mirrors, the resulting image is tilted by 60 degrees. Different focal-length mirrors cannot be used to magnify the image without substantially sacrificing image quality. This paper analyzes performance and aberrations of this imaging diagnostic.

Malone, Robert M.; Becker, Steven A.; Dolan, Daniel H.; Hacking, Richard G.; Hickman, Randy J.; Kaufman, Morris I.; Stevens, Gerald D.; Turley, William D.

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Characterization Of High-Stroke High-Aspect Ratio Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Deformable Mirrors For Adaptive Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirrors For Adaptive Optics, PhD Thesis, University ofFabrication Adaptive  optics  applications  in  astronomy  Max, Center for Adaptive Optics, University of California,

Bouchti, Mohamed Amine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Combinatorial Maps with Normalized Knot Dainis ZEPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combinatorial Maps with Normalized Knot Dainis ZEPS Abstract We consider combinatorial maps's normalization doesn't affect combinatorial map what concerns its generality. Knot's normalization leads to more concise numeration of corners in maps, e.g., odd or even corners allow easy to follow distinguished cycles

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

SMITH NORMAL FORM AND LAPLACIANS DINO LORENZINI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORM AND LAPLACIANS DINO LORENZINI Abstract. Let M denote the Laplacian matrix of a graph G. Associated with G is a finite group (G), obtained from the Smith normal form of M, and whose /Im(M). This group can be computed in practice using the Smith normal form of M, as follows. Given any

Lorenzini, Dino J.

237

Fusion neutron generation computations in a stellarator-mirror hybrid with neutral beam injection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the paper [Moiseenko V.E., Noack K., Agren O. 'Stellarator-mirror based fusion driven fission reactor' J Fusion Energy 29 (2010) 65.], a version of a fusion driven system (FDS), i.e. a sub-critical fast fission assembly with a fusion plasma neutron source, is proposed. The plasma part of the reactor is based on a stellarator with a small mirror part. Hot ions with high perpendicular energy are assumed to be trapped in the magnetic mirror part. The stellarator part which connects to the mirror part and provides confinement for the bulk (deuterium) plasma. In the magnetic well of the mirror part, fusion reactions occur from collisions between a of hot ion component (tritium) with cold background plasma ions. RF heating is one option to heat the tritium. A more conventional method to sustain the hot ions is neutral beam injection (NBI), which is here studied numerically for the above-mentioned hybrid scheme. For these studies, a new kinetic code, KNBIM, has been developed. The code takes into account Coulomb collisions between the hot ions and the background plasma. The geometry of the confining magnetic field is arbitrary for the code. It is accounted for via a numerical bounce averaging procedure. Along with the kinetic calculations the neutron generation intensity and its spatial distribution are computed.

Moiseenko, V. E.; Agren, O. [Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna St. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-7512 Uppsala (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

238

Enhanced loss of magnetic-mirror-trapped fast electrons by a shear Alfvén wave  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory observations of enhanced loss of magnetic mirror trapped fast electrons irradiated by a shear Alfvén Wave (SAW) are reported. The experiment is performed in the quiescent after-glow plasma in the Large Plasma Device [Gekelman et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62(12), 2875–2883 (1991)]. A trapped energetic electron population (>100?keV) is generated in a magnetic mirror section (mirror ratio???2, length?=?3.5?m) by an X-mode high power microwave pulse, and forms a hot electron ring due to the grad-B and curvature drift. SAWs of arbitrary polarization are launched externally by a Rotating Magnetic Field source (?B/B{sub 0}???0.1%, ?{sub ?}???9?m). Irradiated by a right-handed circularly polarized SAW, the loss of electrons, in both the radial and the axial direction of the mirror field, is significantly enhanced and is modulated at f{sub Alfvén}. The periodical loss continues even after the termination of the SAW. Experimental observations suggest that a spatial distortion of the ring is formed in the SAW field and creates a collective mode of the hot electron population that degrades its confinement and leads to electron loss from the magnetic mirror. The results could have implications on techniques of radiation belt remediation.

Wang, Y.; Gekelman, W.; Pribyl, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Papadopoulos, K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Microscopic surface structure of C/SiC composite mirrors for space cryogenic telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the microscopic surface structure of carbon-fiber-reinforced silicon carbide (C/SiC) composite mirrors that have been improved for the Space Infrared Telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics (SPICA) and other cooled telescopes. The C/SiC composite consists of carbon fiber, silicon carbide, and residual silicon. Specific microscopic structures are found on the surface of the bare C/SiC mirrors after polishing. These structures are considered to be caused by the different hardness of those materials. The roughness obtained for the bare mirrors is 20 nm rms for flat surfaces and 100 nm rms for curved surfaces. It was confirmed that a SiSiC slurry coating is effective in reducing the roughness to 2 nm rms. The scattering properties of the mirrors were measured at room temperature and also at 95 K. No significant change was found in the scattering properties through cooling, which suggests that the microscopic surface structure is stable with changes in temperature down to cryogenic values. The C/SiC mirror with the SiSiC slurry coating is a promising candidate for the SPICA telescope.

Keigo Enya; Takao Nakagawa; Hidehiro Kaneda; Takashi Onaka; Tuyoshi Ozaki; Masami Kume

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

240

The dual-mirror Small Size Telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the development of the dual mirror Small Size Telescopes (SST) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is reviewed. Up to 70 SST, with a primary mirror diameter of 4 m, will be produced and installed at the CTA southern site. These will allow investigation of the gamma-ray sky at the highest energies accessible to CTA, in the range from about 1 TeV to 300 TeV. The telescope presented in this contribution is characterized by two major innovations: the use of a dual mirror Schwarzschild-Couder configuration and of an innovative camera using as sensors either multi-anode photomultipliers (MAPM) or silicon photomultipliers (SiPM). The reduced plate-scale of the telescope, achieved with the dual-mirror optics, allows the camera to be compact (40 cm in diameter), and low-cost. The camera, which has about 2000 pixels of size 6x6 mm^2, covers a field of view of 10{\\deg}. The dual mirror telescopes and their cameras are being developed by three consortia, ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Repl...

Pareschi, G; Antonelli, L A; Bastieri, D; Bellassai, G; Belluso, M; Bigongiari, C; Billotta, S; Biondo, B; Bonanno, G; Bonnoli, G; Bruno, P; Bulgarelli, A; Canestrari, R; Capalbi, M; Caraveo, P; Carosi, A; Cascone, E; Catalano, O; Cereda, M; Conconi, P; Conforti, V; Cusumano, G; De Caprio, V; De Luca, A; Di Paola, A; Di Pierro, F; Fantinel, D; Fiorini, M; Fugazza, D; Gardiol, D; Ghigo, M; Gianotti, F; Giarrusso, S; Giro, E; Grillo, A; Impiombato, D; Incorvaia, S; La Barbera, A; La Palombara, N; La Parola, V; La Rosa, G; Lessio, L; Leto, G; Lombardi, S; Lucarelli, F; Maccarone, M C; Malaguti, G; Malaspina, G; Mangano, V; Marano, D; Martinetti, E; Millul, R; Mineo, T; MistÒ, A; Morello, C; Morlino, G; Panzera, M R; Rodeghiero, G; Romano, P; Russo, F; Sacco, B; Sartore, N; Schwarz, J; Segreto, A; Sironi, G; Sottile, G; Stamerra, A; Strazzeri, E; Stringhetti, L; Tagliaferri, G; Testa, V; Timpanaro, M C; Toso, G; Tosti, G; Trifoglio, M; Vallania, P; Vercellone, S; Zitelli, V; Amans, J P; Boisson, C; Costille, C; Dournaux, J L; Dumas, D; Fasola, G; Hervet, O; Huet, J M; Laporte, P; Rulten, C; Sol, H; Zech, A; White, R; Hinton, J; Ross, D; Sykes, J; Ohm, S; Schmoll, J; Chadwick, P; Greenshaw, T; Daniel, M; Cotter, G; Varner, G S; Funk, S; Vandenbroucke, J; Sapozhnikov, L; Buckley, J; Moore, P; Williams, D; Markoff, S; Vink, J; Berge, D; Hidaka, N; Okumura, A; Tajima, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Safety and power multiplication aspects of mirror fusion-fission hybrids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, in a research project at Uppsala University a simplified neutronic model for a straight field line mirror hybrid has been devised and its most important operation parameters have been calculated under the constraints of a fission power production of 3 GW and that the effective multiplication factor k{sub eff} does not exceed 0.95. The model can be considered as representative for hybrids driven by other types of mirrors too. In order to reduce the demand on the fusion power of the mirror, a modified option of the hybrid has been considered that generates a reduced fission power of 1.5 GW with an increased maximal value k{sub eff}=0.97. The present paper deals with nuclear safety aspects of this type of hybrids. It presents and discusses calculation results of reactivity effects as well as of driver effects.

Noack, Klaus; Agren, Olov; Kaellne, Jan; Hagnestal, Anders; Moiseenko, Vladimir E. [Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna St. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

242

Scalable stacked array piezoelectric deformable mirror for astronomy and laser processing applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype of a scalable and potentially low-cost stacked array piezoelectric deformable mirror (SA-PDM) with 35 active elements is presented in this paper. This prototype is characterized by a 2 ?m maximum actuator stroke, a 1.4 ?m mirror sag (measured for a 14 mm × 14 mm area of the unpowered SA-PDM), and a ±200 nm hysteresis error. The initial proof of concept experiments described here show that this mirror can be successfully used for shaping a high power laser beam in order to improve laser machining performance. Various beam shapes have been obtained with the SA-PDM and examples of laser machining with the shaped beams are presented.

Wlodarczyk, Krystian L., E-mail: K.L.Wlodarczyk@hw.ac.uk; Maier, Robert R. J.; Hand, Duncan P. [Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)] [Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Bryce, Emma; Hutson, David; Kirk, Katherine [School of Engineering and Science, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley PA1 2BE (United Kingdom)] [School of Engineering and Science, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley PA1 2BE (United Kingdom); Schwartz, Noah; Atkinson, David; Beard, Steven; Baillie, Tom; Parr-Burman, Phil [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom)] [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom); Strachan, Mel [Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom) [Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Phase effects owing to multilayer coatings in a two-mirror extreme-ultraviolet Schwarzschild objective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aberrations of a multilayer-coated reflective Schwarzchild objective, which are influenced both by mirror surface profiles and by multilayer coatings, are evaluated with a phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer operating in the extreme ultraviolet. Using wave-front measurements at multiple wavelengths near 13.4 nm, we observed chromatic aberrations and wavelength-dependent transmission changes that were due to molybdenum{endash}silicon multilayer coatings. The effects of chromatic vignetting due to limited multilayer reflection passbands on the imaging performance of the Schwarzchild optic are considered. The coating characteristics extracted from the interferometry data on the two-mirror optical system are compared with previously reported coating properties measured on individual mirror substrates. {copyright} 1998 Optical Society of America

Tejnil, E.; Goldberg, K.A.; Bokor, J. [Center for X-Ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Construction and operational experience of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) incorporates two new features at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) tandem mirror program, thermal barriers in the end plugs and injection of the neutral beams at several oblique angles. The thermal barriers isolate the electrons in the end plugs from those in the central cell, making it possible to heat them independently with microwaves. In addition, this innovation produces a large potential gradient in the end plugs with lower magnetic fields and lower neutral-beam energies than would be possible in a conventional tandem mirror device. The TMX-U is also designed to test neutral-beam-injection angles as an experimental parameter. We use angles other than 90/sup 0/ to produce a plasma with improved microstability.

Chargin, A.K.; Calderon, M.O.; Moore, T.L.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Multi-range free-electron laser with a pair of dielectric multilayer mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the experimental achievement of a free-electron laser in three wavelength regions, mid-infrared, near-infrared, and visible, using a pair of dielectric multilayer mirrors in the storage ring NIJI-IV. Dielectric multilayer mirrors can have high reflectivity at wavelength regions corresponding to higher-diffraction orders of the target wavelength. A narrowing of the relative bandwidth of the dielectric multilayer mirrors was observed in the higher-diffraction orders of the target wavelength and was found to be caused by high diffraction and carbon contamination. Our experimental results will be applied to development of a multi-rang laser that have a gain in a wade wavelength region.

Sei, Norihiro; Ogawa, Hiroshi; Yamada, Kawakatsu [Research Institute of Instrumentation Frontier, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Simbol-X Mirror Module Thermal Shields: II-Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation flight configuration of the Simbol-X mission implies that the X-ray mirror module will be open to Space on both ends. In order to reduce the power required to maintain the thermal stability and, therefore, the high angular resolution of the shell optics, a thin foil thermal shield will cover the mirror module. Different options are presently being studied for the foil material of these shields. We report results of an experimental investigation conducted to verify that the scattering of X-rays, by interaction with the thin foil material of the thermal shield, will not significantly affect the performances of the telescope.

Barbera, M. [Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Dip. di Scienze Fisiche ed Astronomiche, Palermo (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo G.S. Vaiana, Palermo (Italy); Ayers, T. [Luxel Corporation, Friday Harbor (WA) (United States); Collura, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo G.S. Vaiana, Palermo (Italy); Nasillo, G. [Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Centro Grandi Apparecchiature, Palermo (Italy); Pareschi, G.; Tagliaferri, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate (Italy)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

247

Demonstration of achromatic cold-neutron microscope utilizing axisymmetric focusing mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An achromatic cold-neutron microscope with magnification 4 is demonstrated. The image-forming optics is composed of nested coaxial mirrors of full figures of revolution, so-called Wolter optics. The spatial resolution, field of view, and depth of focus are measured and found consistent with ray-tracing simulations. Methods of increasing the resolution and magnification are discussed, as well as the scientific case for the neutron microscope. In contrast to traditional pinhole-camera neutron imaging, the resolution of the microscope is determined by the mirrors rather than by the collimation of the beam, leading to possible dramatic improvements in the signal rate and resolution.

Liu, D.; Khaykovich, B. [Nuclear Reactor Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 138 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Nuclear Reactor Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 138 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Hussey, D.; Jacobson, D.; Arif, M. [Physical Measurement Laboratory, NIST, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8461 (United States)] [Physical Measurement Laboratory, NIST, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8461 (United States); Gubarev, M. V.; Ramsey, B. D. [Marshall Space Flight Center, NASA, VP62, Huntsville, Alabama 35812 (United States)] [Marshall Space Flight Center, NASA, VP62, Huntsville, Alabama 35812 (United States); Moncton, D. E. [Nuclear Reactor Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 138 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States) [Nuclear Reactor Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 138 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

248

Demonstration of a plasma mirror based on a laminar flow water film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A plasma mirror based on a laminar water film with low flow speed 0.5-2 cm/s has been developed and characterized, for use as an ultrahigh intensity optical reflector. The use of flowing water as atarget surface automatically results in each laser pulse seeing a new interaction surface and avoids the need for mechanical scanning of the target surface. In addition, the breakdown of water does notproduce contaminating debris that can be deleterious to vacuum chamber conditions and optics, such as is the case when using conventional solid targets. The mirror exhibits 70percent reflectivity, whilemaintaining high-quality of the reflected spot.

Panasenko, Dmitriy; Shu, Anthony; Gonsalves, Anthony; Nakamura, Kei; Matlis, Nicholas; Toth, Csaba; Leemans, Wim

2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

249

Collective F\\"orster energy transfer modified by the planar metallic mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory of the F\\"orster energy transfer between the arrays of donor and acceptor molecules lying on the planar metallic mirror. We reveal strong modification of the effective transfer rate by the mirror in the incoherent pumping regime. The rate can be either suppressed or enhanced depending on the relative positions between acceptor and donor arrays. The strong modification of the transfer rate is a collective effect, mediated by the light-induced coupling between the donors; it is absent in the single donor model.

Poddubny, Alexander N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Plasma engineering models of tandem mirror devices with high-field test-cell inserts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma physics and engineering models of tandem mirror devices operated with a high-field technology test-cell insert in the central cell, which have been incorporated recently in the TMRBAR tandem mirror reactor physics code, are described. The models include particle and energy balance in the test-cell region as well as the interactions between the test-cell particles and those flowing through the entire device. The code calculations yield consistent operating parameters for the test-cell, central cell, and end cell systems. A benchmark case for the MFTF-..cap alpha..+T configuration is presented which shows good agreement between the code results and previous calculations.

Fenstermacher, M.E.; Campbell, R.B.

1985-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

251

Physics modeling of tandem mirror devices with high-field test cell inserts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently developed plasma physics models of tandem mirror operation with a high-field technology test cell insert in the central cell are described in detail. These models have been incorporated in the TMRBAR tandem mirror reactor physics code. Results of a benchmark case for the code models against previous analysis of the MFTF - ..cap alpha.. /sup +/ T configuration are given. A brief users guide to the new TMRBAR with the test cell models is also presented. Some description of the applications of the models to MFTF - ..cap alpha.. /sup +/ T and FPD - II + T configurations is made. References are given to separate reports on these studies.

Fenstermacher, M.E.; Campbell, R.B.

1985-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

252

Elliptical magnetic mirror generated via resistivity gradients for fast ignition inertial confinement fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elliptical magnetic mirror scheme for guiding fast electrons for Fast Ignition proposed by Schmitz et al. (Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 54, 085016 (2012)) is studied for conditions on the multi-kJ scale which are much closer to full-scale Fast Ignition. When scaled up, the elliptical mirror scheme is still highly beneficial to Fast Ignition. An increase in the coupling efficiency by a factor of 3–4 is found over a wide range of fast electron divergence half-angles.

Robinson, A. P. L.; Schmitz, H. [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)] [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Optical and Durability Evaluation for Silvered Polymeric Mirrors and Reflectors: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number, CRD-08-316  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

3M is currently developing silvered polymeric mirror reflectors as low-cost replacements for glass mirrors in concentrating solar power (CSP) systems. This effort is focused on development of reflectors comprising both metallized polymeric mirror films based on improved versions of ECP-305+ or other durable mirror film concepts and appropriate mechanically robust substrates. The objectives for this project are to reduce the system capital and operating costs and to lower the levelized cost of energy for CSP installations. The development of mirror reflectors involves work on both full reflectors and mirror films with and without coatings. Mirror reflectors must meet rigid optical specifications in terms of radius of curvature, slope errors and specularity. Mirror films must demonstrate long-term durability and maintain high reflectivity. 3M would like to augment internal capabilities to validate product performance with methods and tools developed at NREL to address these areas.

Gray, M.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Design and fabrication of a 1.2 meter long internally cooled silicon x-ray mirror for APS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the specifications, design, and fabrication of a 1.2 meter long ultra high vacuum (UHV) silicon mirror for use as the first optical element on an x-ray beamline at APS. The mirror, which is 1,200 mm x 90 mm x 120 mm in size, intercepts the incident x-ray beam at 0.15{degree}. The thermal power incident on the mirror is 1.2 kW with a peak heat flux of 0.38 W/mm{sup 2}. The heat is removed by flowing water through a set of channels configured in the face plate of the mirror. Various aspects of this mirror, including its purpose, utility, expected thermal and structural performance, cooling design, UHV provision, support and mounting, surface figure and finish, bonding of the cooling conduits, and other manufacturing steps are discussed.

Tonnessen, T.W. [Rocketdyne Albuquerque Operations, NM (United States); Khounsary, A.M.; Yun, W.B.; Shu, D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

255

Soft x ray/extreme ultraviolet images of the solar atmosphere with normal incidence multilayer optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first high resolution Soft X-Ray/Extreme Ultraviolet (XUV) images of the Sun with normal incidence multilayer optics were obtained by the Standford/MSFC Rocket X-Ray Spectroheliograph on 23 Oct. 1987. Numerous images at selected wavelengths from 8 to 256 A were obtained simultaneously by the diverse array of telescopes flown on-board the experiment. These telescopes included single reflection normal incidence multilayer systems (Herschelian), double reflection multilayer systems (Cassegrain), a grazing incidence mirror system (Wolter-Schwarzschild), and hybrid systems using normal incidence multilayer optics in conjunction with the grazing incidence primary (Wolter-Cassegrain). Filters comprised of approximately 1700{Angstrom} thick aluminum supported on a nickel mesh were used to transmit the soft x ray/EUV radiation while preventing the intense visible light emission of the Sun from fogging the sensitive experimental T-grain photographic emulsions. These systems yielded high resolution soft x ray/EUV images of the solar corona and transition region, which reveal magnetically confined loops of hot solar plasma, coronal plumes, polar coronal holes, supergranulation, and features associated with overlying cool prominences. The development, testing, and operation of the experiments, and the results from the flight are described. The development of a second generation experiment, the Multi-Spectral Solar Telescope Array, which is scheduled to fly in the summer of 1990, and a recently approved Space Station experiment, the Ultra-High Resolution XUV Spectroheliograph, which is scheduled to fly in 1996 are also described.

Lindblom, J.F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

AUGUSTOSAGNOTTI ScuolaNormaleSuperiore-Pisa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JoelScherk,unfisicodell'Eco- le Normale Supérieure di Parigi scomparso prematuramente nel- l'80. La stessa Teoria, creata nel 1968

Abbondandolo, Alberto

257

alla Normale 1_la Scuola 9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

funzione che in Francia viene svolta dalla gemella �cole Normale Supérieure di Parigi. A questa antica

Abbondandolo, Alberto

258

Conformal Universality in Normal Matrix Ensembles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A remarkable property of Hermitian ensembles is their universal behavior, that is, once properly rescaled the eigenvalue statistics does not depend on particularities of the ensemble. Recently, normal matrix ensembles have attracted increasing attention, however, questions on universality for these ensembles still remain under debate. We analyze the universality properties of random normal ensembles. We show that the concept of universality used for Hermitian ensembles cannot be directly extrapolated to normal ensembles. Moreover, we show that the eigenvalue statistics of random normal matrices with radially symmetric potential can be made universal under a conformal transformation.

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

259

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurement : Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in narrow bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4mum, that comes directly...

260

Temperature Normals/Extremes-August - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-August Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Temperature Normals/Extremes-October - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-October Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

262

Temperature Normals/Extremes-April - Hanford Site  

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263

Temperature Normals/Extremes-July - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-July Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

264

Temperature Normals/Extremes-May - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-May Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

265

Temperature Normals/Extremes-December - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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266

Temperature Normals/Extremes-March - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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267

Temperature Normals/Extremes-September - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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268

Temperature Normals/Extremes-November - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-November Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

269

Temperature Normals/Extremes-June - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-June Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

270

Temperature Normals/Extremes-February - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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271

Temperature Normals/Extremes-January - Hanford Site  

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272

ESC observations of SN 2005cf – I. Photometric evolution of a normal Type Ia supernova  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Southern Observatory (ESO), Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei Munchen...efficiency, the reflectivity of the mirrors, the atmospheric transmission and...transmission profile, M(lambda) is the mirror reflectivity function and L(lambda......

A. Pastorello; S. Taubenberger; N. Elias-Rosa; P. A. Mazzali; G. Pignata; E. Cappellaro; G. Garavini; S. Nobili; G. C. Anupama; D. D. R. Bayliss; S. Benetti; F. Bufano; N. K. Chakradhari; R. Kotak; A. Goobar; H. Navasardyan; F. Patat; D. K. Sahu; M. Salvo; B. P. Schmidt; V. Stanishev; M. Turatto; W. Hillebrandt

2007-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

273

A comparison of different alignment approaches for the segmented grazing incidence mirrors on Constellation-X  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Constellation-X Paul B. Reida , David Caldwella , William Davisa , Mark Freemana , Scott Owens Rohrbachb Spectroscopy X-ray Telescopes (SXT) on Constellation-X contain a mirror assembly comprised of 2600 primary, Constellation-X, Con-X 1. INTRODUCTION Constellation-X (Con-X) is the next large x-ray observatory-class mission

Christian, Eric

274

Simbol-X Mirror Module Thermal Shields: I - Design and X-Ray Transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Simbol-X mission is designed to fly in formation flight configuration. As a consequence, the telescope has both ends open to space, and thermal shielding at telescope entrance and exit is required to maintain temperature uniformity throughout the mirrors. Both mesh and meshless solutions are presently under study for the shields. We discuss the design and the X-ray transmission.

Collura, A.; Varisco, S. [INAF-OAPA Via G.F. Ingrassia, 31 90123 Palermo (Italy); Barbera, M. [INAF-OAPA Via G.F. Ingrassia, 31 90123 Palermo (Italy); DSFA Universita di Palermo, Via Archirafi 36, 90123 Palermo (Italy); Basso, S.; Pareschi, G.; Tagliaferri, G. [INAF-OAB, via E. bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (Italy); Ayers, T. [Luxel Corporation, Friday Harbor, WA 98250 (United States)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

275

Dyadic brain modelling, mirror systems and the ontogenetic ritualization of ape gesture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Francesco Ferrari and Giacomo Rizzolatti Dyadic brain modelling, mirror systems and the ontogenetic...Los Angeles, CA 90089-2520, USA 2 USC Brain Project, University of Southern California...implications . The paper introduces dyadic brain modelling, offering both a framework for...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Integrated Modeling and Design of Lightweight, Active Mirrors for Launch Survival and On-Orbit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Modeling and Design of Lightweight, Active Mirrors for Launch Survival and On-Orbit Performance Lucy E. Cohan and David W. Miller June 2010 SSL# 2-10 #12;#12;Integrated Modeling and Design-based design and evolutionary models to guide the technology development program. This methodology is applied

277

Analytical models of transient thermoelastic deformations of mirrors heated by high power cw laser beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and are suspended in a vacuum vessel : the heat losses are only due to the thermal radiation. The resulting2243 Analytical models of transient thermoelastic deformations of mirrors heated by high power cw substrat. La distribution de température engendrée dans le substrat produit des déformations

Boyer, Edmond

278

Development of a 4096 Element MEMS Continuous Membrane Deformable Mirror for High Contrast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water St, Watertown, MA 02472, (617)926-3948, SAC@bostonmicromachines.com, (617)926-8796, PAB. This deformable mirror will enable the next generation of adaptive optics ("Extreme" AO) capable of achieving parent star, atmospheric aberrations, and optical imperfections in the imaging systems1 . MEMS DMs

279

DOI: 10.1002/adma.200601354 Micropatterned Porous-Silicon Bragg Mirrors by Dry-Removal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOI: 10.1002/adma.200601354 Micropatterned Porous-Silicon Bragg Mirrors by Dry-Removal Soft is reversible, the films can be cycled through multiple detec- tion runs without additional preparation steps- vious efforts in our group have demonstrated the effectiveness of PSi pattern formation by dry-removal

Buratto, Steve

280

Optical analysis of an ultra-high resolution two-mirror soft x-ray microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Promoted by the successful application of multilayer coated optics in soft x-ray imaging experiments in solar physics and projection lithography, several groups have designed, analyzed, fabricated, and are testing Schwarzschild multilayer soft x-ray microscopes. Simulations have indicated that diffraction limited performance of a spherical Schwarzschild microscope operating near 100 Å will be limited to systems with a small numerical aperture of approximately 0.15 and a corresponding resolution, based on the Rayleigh criterion, of 3.3 times the wavelength of the incident radiation. In principle, a two aspherical mirror Head microscope, which satisfies the constant optical path length condition and the Abbé sine condition, should achieve diffraction limited performance for very large numerical apertures. For a practical soft x-ray microscope, surface contour errors, microroughness, reflectance of multilayer coatings, and variation of the angle of incidence over the multilayer substrates become significant factors in degrading system resolution and must be controlled before an ultra-high resolution, two-mirror microscope will be realized. For a 30x reflecting microscope with a numerical aperture ranging from 0.15 to 0.35, the effects on resolution of surface contour errors, tilts, and misalignments of the optics have been studied. Graded spacing of the multilayer coatings on the mirror substrates are required of a fast, two-mirror microscope.

David L. Shealy; Cheng Wang; Richard B. Hoover

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Cryogenic Yb:YAG Total-Reflection Active-Mirror Lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A regenerative amplifier with a cryogenic Yb:YAG total-reflection active-mirror shows 3.5mJ at 100Hz with M2<1.1. A high energy fluence of 2.6J/cm2 energy fluence is achieved for...

Kawanaka, Junji; Furuse, Hiroaki; Albach, Daniel; Takeuchi, Yasuki; Yoshida, Akira; Kawashima, Toshiyuki; Kan, Hirofumi

282

2000 Special Issue Synthetic brain imaging: grasping, mirror neurons and imitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2000 Special Issue Synthetic brain imaging: grasping, mirror neurons and imitation M.A. Arbiba,b,*, A. Billardb , M. Iacobonic , E. Oztopa,b a USC Brain Project, University of Southern California, Los, CA 90089-2520, USA c Division of Brain Mapping, Neuropsychiatric Institute, UCLA School of Medicine

Oztop, Erhan

283

Active Optics Performance Study of the Primary Mirror of the Gemini Telescopes Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active Optics Performance Study of the Primary Mirror of the Gemini Telescopes Project Myung K. Cho Optical Sciences Center in the University of Arizona Tucson, AZ 85721 and Gemini Telescopes Project P. O. Box 26732 Tucson, AZ 85726­6732 Gemini Preprint #9 #12; Active optics performance study of the primary

284

4096-element continuous face-sheet MEMS deformable mirror for high-contrast imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structural support on electrical interconnections. Eight high-density flex cables connect the DM to the drive systems MEMS deformable mirror, fabricated using polysilicon surface micromachining manufacturing that is electrically isolated from the electrodes and maintained at a ground potential. The actuators are arranged

285

Status of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) diagnostic system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the current status of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) diagnostics system. For the initial instruments active on TMX-U, the expansions or upgrades that have been implemented are outlined. For the newly added systems, more implementation details are presented.

Coutts, G.W.; Coffield, F.E.; Hornady, R.S.

1983-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

286

Supernova explosions, 511 keV photons, gamma ray bursts and mirror matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are three astroparticle physics puzzles which fire the imagination: the origin of the ``Great Positron Producer'' in the galactic bulge, the nature of the gamma-ray bursts central engine and the mechanism of supernova explosions. We show that the mirror matter model has the potential to solve all three of these puzzles in one beautifully simple strike.

R. Foot; Z. K. Silagadze

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

287

Hardware Implementation of the Primary Mirror Surface Heating System for the Gemini 8 meter Telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in nighttime ambient temperature. A development effort and subscale prototype testing of this technique axis). As the distance across the mirror changes, the voltages delivered to each electrode pair must. Accurately relaying this temperature data to the Primary Voltage Control system is essential in order to meet

288

Linear dispersion relation for the mirror instability in context of the gyrokinetic theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The linear dispersion relation for the mirror instability is discussed in context of the gyrokinetic theory. The objective is to provide a coherent view of different kinetic approaches used to derive the dispersion relation. The method based on gyrocenter phase space transformations is adopted in order to display the origin and ordering of various terms.

Porazik, Peter; Johnson, Jay R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08542 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08542 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

The dual-mirror Small Size Telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the development of the dual mirror Small Size Telescopes (SST) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is reviewed. Up to 70 SST, with a primary mirror diameter of 4 m, will be produced and installed at the CTA southern site. These will allow investigation of the gamma-ray sky at the highest energies accessible to CTA, in the range from about 1 TeV to 300 TeV. The telescope presented in this contribution is characterized by two major innovations: the use of a dual mirror Schwarzschild-Couder configuration and of an innovative camera using as sensors either multi-anode photomultipliers (MAPM) or silicon photomultipliers (SiPM). The reduced plate-scale of the telescope, achieved with the dual-mirror optics, allows the camera to be compact (40 cm in diameter), and low-cost. The camera, which has about 2000 pixels of size 6x6 mm^2, covers a field of view of 10{\\deg}. The dual mirror telescopes and their cameras are being developed by three consortia, ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Replicante Italiana, Italy/INAF), GATE (Gamma-ray Telescope Elements, France/Paris Observ.) and CHEC (Compact High Energy Camera, universities in UK, US and Japan) which are merging their efforts in order to finalize an end-to-end design that will be constructed for CTA. A number of prototype structures and cameras are being developed in order to investigate various alternative designs. In this contribution, these designs are presented, along with the technological solutions under study.

G. Pareschi; G. Agnetta; L. A. Antonelli; D. Bastieri; G. Bellassai; M. Belluso; C. Bigongiari; S. Billotta; B. Biondo; G. Bonanno; G. Bonnoli; P. Bruno; A. Bulgarelli; R. Canestrari; M. Capalbi; P. Caraveo; A. Carosi; E. Cascone; O. Catalano; M. Cereda; P. Conconi; V. Conforti; G. Cusumano; V. De Caprio; A. De Luca; A. Di Paola; F. Di Pierro; D. Fantinel; M. Fiorini; D. Fugazza; D. Gardiol; M. Ghigo; F. Gianotti; S. Giarrusso; E. Giro; A. Grillo; D. Impiombato; S. Incorvaia; A. La Barbera; N. La Palombara; V. La Parola; G. La Rosa; L. Lessio; G. Leto; S. Lombardi; F. Lucarelli; M. C. Maccarone; G. Malaguti; G. Malaspina; V. Mangano; D. Marano; E. Martinetti; R. Millul; T. Mineo; A. MistÒ; C. Morello; G. Morlino; M. R. Panzera; G. Rodeghiero; P. Romano; F. Russo; B. Sacco; N. Sartore; J. Schwarz; A. Segreto; G. Sironi; G. Sottile; A. Stamerra; E. Strazzeri; L. Stringhetti; G. Tagliaferri; V. Testa; M. C. Timpanaro; G. Toso; G. Tosti; M. Trifoglio; P. Vallania; S. Vercellone; V. Zitelli; For The Astri Collaboration; J. P. Amans; C. Boisson; C. Costille; J. L. Dournaux; D. Dumas; G. Fasola; O. Hervet; J. M. Huet; P. Laporte; C. Rulten; H. Sol; A. Zech; For The Gate Collaboration; R. White; J. Hinton; D. Ross; J. Sykes; S. Ohm; J. Schmoll; P. Chadwick; T. Greenshaw; M. Daniel; G. Cotter; G. S. Varner; S. Funk; J. Vandenbroucke; L. Sapozhnikov; J. Buckley; P. Moore; D. Williams; S. Markoff; J. Vink; D. Berge; N. Hidaka; A. Okumura; H. Tajima; For The Chec Collaboration; For The Cta Consortium

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

290

Extremal unital completely positive normal maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the convex set of unital completely positive normal map on a von-Neumann algebra and find a necessary and sufficient condition for an element in the convex set to be extremal. We also deal with the same problem for the convex subset which admits a faithful normal state.

Anilesh Mohari

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

291

Definition: Direct normal irradiance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance (Redirected from Definition:DNI) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct normal irradiance the amount of solar radiation received per unit area by a surface perpendicular (normal) to the rays that come in a straight line from the direction of the sun at its current position in the sky.[1] Also Known As DNI Related Terms Solar radiation, Irradiance, Concentrating solar power, Global horizontal irradiance References ↑ http://www.3tier.com/en/support/glossary/#dni Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Direct_normal_irradiance&oldid=423379" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

292

Normalizing the causality between time series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, a rigorous yet concise formula has been derived to evaluate the information flow, and hence the causality in a quantitative sense, between time series. To assess the importance of a resulting causality, it needs to be normalized. The normalization is achieved through distinguishing three types of fundamental mechanisms that govern the marginal entropy change of the flow recipient. A normalized or relative flow measures its importance relative to other mechanisms. In analyzing realistic series, both absolute and relative information flows need to be taken into account, since the normalizers for a pair of reverse flows belong to two different entropy balances; it is quite normal that two identical flows may differ a lot in relative importance in their respective balances. We have reproduced these results with several autoregressive models. We have also shown applications to a climate change problem and a financial analysis problem. For the former, reconfirmed is the role of the Indian Ocean Dipole as ...

Liang, X San

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

On characterization and measurement of average solar field mirror reflectance in utility-scale concentrating solar power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to the emerging need for the development of acceptance test codes for commercial concentrating solar power (CSP) plants, an effort is made here to develop a mirror reflectance model suitable for CSP applications as well as a general procedure to measure the average mirror reflectance of a solar field. Typically, a utility-scale solar field includes hundreds of thousands of mirror panels (if not more), and their reflectance is subject to many factors, such as weather and planned washing schedule. The newly developed mirror reflectance model can be used to characterize different types of mirror materials and can be directly used to perform optical performance evaluation of solar collectors. The newly proposed procedure for average solar field reflectance measurements includes a baseline comprehensive measurement and an individual factor measurement: the former allows a comprehensive survey of mirror reflectance across the whole solar field, and the latter can provide correcting factors for selected individual factors to further improve the accuracy of the baseline measurements. A detailed test case implementing the general procedure is applied to a state-of-the-art commercial parabolic trough plant and validates the proposed mirror reflectance model and average reflectance measurement procedure. In the test case, the plant-wide reflectance measurements at a commercial utility-scale solar plant were conducted and can shed light on relevant analysis of CSP applications. The work can also be naturally applied to other types of solar plants, such as power towers and linear Fresnel plants.

Guangdong Zhu; David Kearney; Mark Mehos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Magnetic mirror fusion-fission early history and applicability to other systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the mid 1970s to mid 1980s the mirror program was stuck with a concept, the Standard Mirror that was Q {approx} 1 where Q=P{sub fusion}/P{sub injection}. Heroic efforts were put into hybridizing thinking added energy and fuel sales would make a commercial product. At the same time the tokamak was thought to allow ignition and ultrahigh Q values of 20 or even higher. There was an effort to use neutral beams to drive the tokamak just like the mirror machines were driven in which case the Q value plunged to a few, however this was thought to be achievable decades earlier than the high Q versions. Meanwhile current drive and other features of the tokamak have seen the projected Q values come down to the range of 10. Meanwhile the mirror program got Q enhancement into high gear and various tandem mirrors projected Q values up towards 10 and with advanced features over 10 with axi-symmetric magnets (See R. F. Post papers), however the experimental program is all but non-existent. Meanwhile, the gas dynamic trap mirror system which is present day state-of-the-art can with low risk produce Q of {approx}0.1 useful for a low risk, low cost neutron source for materials development useful for the development of materials for all fusion concepts (see Simonen white paper: 'A Physics-Based Strategy to Develop a Mirror Fusion-Fission Hybrid' and D.D. Ryutov, 'Axisymmetric MHD-stable mirror as a neutron source and a driver for a fusion-fission hybrid'). Many early hybrid designs with multi-disciplinary teams were carried out in great detail for the mirror system with its axi-symmetric blanket modules. It is recognized that most of these designs are adaptable to tokamak or inertial fusion geometry. When Q is low (1 to 2) economics gives a large economic penalty for high recirculating power. These early studies covered the three design types: Power production, fuel production and waste burning. All three had their place but power production fell away because every study showed fusion machines that were extensively studied by multidisciplinary teams came up with power costs much higher than for existing fission plants except in very large sizes (3 GWe). There was lots of work on waste burning - Ted Parrish - comes to mind. However, fuel production along with power production became nearly everyone's goals. First, fast-fission blankets were favored but later to enhance safety, fission-suppressed blankets came into vogue. Both fuel producing and waste burning hybrid studies were terminated with the advent of accidents, high interest rates, rising 'green like' movement and cheap natural gas for power production. For waste burning and fast-fission fuel producing designs, the blanket energy multiplication was about 10 and economics was OK relative to recirculating power for Q over 2. For fission-suppressed fuel producers, where the blanket multiplication is under 2, the Q needed was over 5. In the mirror program we came at this problem by trying to find a product for mirror fusion technology. We hoped we had a product and studied and promoted it. There was no market pull and when the mirror program collapsed in the US, so did both hybrid programs for mirrors and tokamaks and IFE by the mid 1980s. Today, the problem of what to do with wastes that were supposed to be accepted by the government appears to be a high value market pull. It remains to be shown if fusion neutrons can be generated at low enough cost so that economics will not be a showstopper. For burning only the minor actinides, the economics will be the most favorable. Burning the Pu as well will lower the number of fission reactors supported by each burner fusion machine and hurt economics of the system. The fuel-producing role of fusion to fuel fission reactors remains an important possible use of fusion especially in the early stages of fusion development. It is not clear that burning fission wastes in a fusion machine is more appropriate than burning these wastes in specially designed fission machines. Fusion can produce U-233 along with over 2.4%U-232 making the material large

Moir, R

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

295

Optical constants of materials in the EUV/soft x-ray region for multilayer mirror applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The response of a given material to an incident electromagnetic wave is described by the energy dependent complex index of refraction n = 1 {minus} {delta} + i{beta}. In the extreme ultraviolet (EUV)/soft x-ray spectral region, the need for accurate determination of n is driven by activity in areas such as synchrotron based research, EUV/x-ray lithography, x-ray astronomy and plasma applications. Knowledge of the refractive index is essential for the design of the optical components of instruments used in experiments and applications. Moreover, measured values of n may be used to evaluate solid state models for the optical behavior of materials. The refractive index n of Si, Mo and Be is investigated in the EUV/soft x-ray region. In the case of Si, angle dependent reflectance measurements are performed in the energy range 50--180 eV. The optical constants {delta}, {beta} are both determined by fitting to the Fresnel equations. The results of this method are compared to the values in the 1993 atomic tables. Photoabsorption measurements for the optical constants of Mo are performed on C/Mo/C foils, in the energy range 60--930 eV. Photoabsorption measurements on Be thin films supported on silicon nitride membranes are performed, and the results are applied in the determination of the absorption coefficient of Be in the energy region 111.5--250 eV. The new results for Si and Mo are applied to the calculation of normal incidence reflectivities of Mo/Si and Mo/Be multilayer mirrors. These calculations show the importance of accurate knowledge of {delta} and {beta} in the prediction and modeling of the performance of multilayer optics.

Soufli, R. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Materials Sciences Div.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Amazing Mirrors and Superlative Supercomputers | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Amazing Amazing Mirrors and Superlative Supercomputers News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.29.11 Amazing Mirrors and Superlative Supercomputers Argonne's Mira will accelerate scientific discoveries and societal benefits. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Mira--Argonne's IBM Blue Gene/Q Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory's IBM Blue Gene/Q supercomputer, Mira, is an engineering marvel whose unique architecture and capabilities will be thoroughly explored as soon as it goes online in 2012. Supported by the

297

Schwarzschild-Couder two-mirror telescope for ground-based gamma-ray astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schwarzschild-type aplanatic telescopes with two aspheric mirrors, configured to correct spherical and coma aberrations, are considered for application in gamma-ray astronomy utilizing the ground-based atmospheric Cherenkov technique. We use analytical descriptions for the figures of primary and secondary mirrors and, by means of numerical ray-tracing, we find telescope configurations which minimize astigmatism and maximize effective light collecting area. It is shown that unlike the traditional prime-focus Davies-Cotton design, such telescopes provide a solution for wide field of view gamma-ray observations. The designs are isochronous, can be optimized to have no vignetting across the field, and allow for significant reduction of the plate scale, making them compatible with finely-pixilated cameras, which can be constructed from modern, cost-effective image sensors such as multi-anode PMTs, SiPMs, or image intensifiers.

Vasilev, V V

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Photothermal and thermo-refractive effects in high reflectivity mirrors at room and cryogenic temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increasing requirements in the sensitivity of interferometric measurements is a common feature of several research fields, from gravitational wave detection to quantum optics. This motivates refined studies of high reflectivity mirrors and of noise sources that are tightly related to their structure. In this work we present an experimental characterization of photothermal and thermo-refractive effects in high reflectivity mirrors, i.e., of the variations in the position of their effective reflection plane due to weak residual power absorption. The measurements are performed by modulating the impinging power in the range 10 Hz $\\div$ 100 kHz. The experimental results are compared with an expressly derived theoretical model in order to fully understand the phenomena and exploit them to extract useful effective thermo-mechanical parameters of the coating. The measurements are extended at cryogenic temperature, where most high sensitivity experiments are performed (or planned in future versions) and where characterizations of dielectric film coatings are still poor.

Alessandro Farsi; Mario Siciliani de Cumis; Francesco Marino; Francesco Marin

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

299

Vectorial velocity filter for ultracold neutrons based on a surface-disordered mirror system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We perform classical three-dimensional Monte Carlo simulations of ultracold neutrons scattering through an absorbing-reflecting mirror system in the Earth's gravitational field. We show that the underlying mixed phase space of regular skipping motion and random motion due to disorder scattering can be exploited to realize a vectorial velocity filter for ultracold neutrons. The absorbing-reflecting mirror system proposed allows beams of ultracold neutrons with low angular divergence to be formed. The range of velocity components can be controlled by adjusting the geometric parameters of the system. First experimental tests of its performance are presented. One potential future application is the investigation of transport and scattering dynamics in confined systems downstream of the filter.

L. A. Chizhova; S. Rotter; T. Jenke; G. Cronenberg; P. Geltenbort; G. Wautischer; H. Filter; H. Abele; J. Burgdörfer

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

300

Energy confinement studies in the tandem mirror experiment (TMX): Power balance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The power balance in the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) is studied for several days of operation. Between them these days typified the operating range of TMX. Examining the power balance on axis it is found that 60% to 100% of the power is carried to the end walls by escaping central?cell ions. Globally these calculations account for 70% to 100% of the input power on each of the days studied. Based upon the power balance the energy confinement times of the particle species are calculated. The end?cell ion energy confinement time is similar to that achieved in the 2XIIB single?cell magnetic mirror experiment whereas the electron energy confinement in TMX was 10 to 100 times better. The central?cell ion energy confinement in the central flux tube was determined by axial particle loss. At the central?cell plasma?edge radial particle transport and charge exchange with the fueling gas are important processes.

D. P. Grubb; S. L. Allen; T. A. Casper; J. F. Clauser; F. H. Coensgen; D. L. Correll; W. C. Cummins; J. C. Davis; D. Dietrich; R. P. Drake; J. H. Foote; R. J. Fortner; A. H. Futch; R. K. Goodman; G. E. Gryczkowski; E. B. Hooper Jr.; R. S. Hornady; A. L. Hunt; C. V. Karmendy; T. Nash; W. E. Nexsen; W. L. Pickles; G. D. Porter; P. Poulsen; T. C. Simonen; D. R. Slaughter; G. A. Hallock; O. T. Strand

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Nonlinear ion-cyclotron waves in mirror machines. Paper IAEA-CN-38/S-1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental results on ion-cyclotron waves observed in the 2XIIB mirror machine are reviewed, and relevant theoretical work is discussed. The work reported generally substantiates the quasilinear diffusion model of mirror-plasma confinement, but also suggests alternatives. The end-loss current required by theory of the drift-cyclotron loss-cone (DCLC) instability agrees with measurements of this current. The experiment indicates that an increased ratio of plasma radius to ion gyroradius improves plasma confinement. However, measurements sometimes show a second ion-cyclotron mode, which is not the DCLC mode. Theoretical work on loss-cone instabilities has concentrated on linear, quasilinear, and fully nonlinear models of increased sophistication and experimental applicability.

Cohen, B.I.; Smith, G.R.; Berk, H.L.

1980-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

302

Schwarzschild-Couder two-mirror telescope for ground-based gamma-ray astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schwarzschild-type aplanatic telescopes with two aspheric mirrors, configured to correct spherical and coma aberrations, are considered for application in gamma-ray astronomy utilizing the ground-based atmospheric Cherenkov technique. We use analytical descriptions for the figures of primary and secondary mirrors and, by means of numerical ray-tracing, we find telescope configurations which minimize astigmatism and maximize effective light collecting area. It is shown that unlike the traditional prime-focus Davies-Cotton design, such telescopes provide a solution for wide field of view gamma-ray observations. The designs are isochronous, can be optimized to have no vignetting across the field, and allow for significant reduction of the plate scale, making them compatible with finely-pixilated cameras, which can be constructed from modern, cost-effective image sensors such as multi-anode PMTs, SiPMs, or image intensifiers.

V. V. Vassiliev; S. J. Fegan

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

303

Effect of Unresponsive Time for User’s Touch Action of Selecting an Icon on the Video Mirror Interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contactless input methods implementing body motion allow users to control computer systems easily and enjoyably. We focus on the “video mirror interface” as an example of these methods. A user of the video mir...

Kazuyoshi Murata; Masatsugu Hattori…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Design and development of a 329-segment tip-tilt piston mirror array for space-based adaptive optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and development of a 329-segment tip-tilt piston mirror array for space-based adaptive. It consists of 329-hexagonal segments on a 600 m pitch, each with tip/tilt and piston degrees of freedom

305

A helium film coated quasi-parabolic mirror to focus a beam of ultra-cold spin polarized atomic hydrogen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 350 mK helium-4-coated mirror was used to increase the intensity of an ultra-cold electron-spin-polarized atomic hydrogen beam. The mirror uses the observed specular reflection of atomic hydrogen from a superfluid-helium-covered surface. A quasi-parabolic polished copper mirror was installed with its focus at the 5 mm diameter exit aperture of an atomic hydrogen stabilization cell in the gradient of an 8 T solenoid field. The four-coned mirror shape, which was designed specifically for operation in the gradient, increased the beam intensity focused by a sextupole magnet into a compression tube detector by a factor of about 7.5.

Luppov, V.G.; Kaufman, W.A.; Hill, K.M.; Raymond, R.S.; Kirsch, A.D. (Randall Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1120 (United States))

1993-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

306

Relation between Group Delay, Energy Storage and Absorbed/Scattered Power in Highly Reflective Dispersive Dielectric Mirror Coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that the reflection group delay as well as the absorption/scattering loss of a dielectric multilayer mirror is proportional to the energy stored in such 1-D photonic bandgap...

Szipocs, Róbert; Antal, Peter

307

Simbol-X Hard X-ray Focusing Mirrors: Results Obtained During the Phase A Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simbol-X will push grazing incidence imaging up to 80 keV, providing a strong improvement both in sensitivity and angular resolution compared to all instruments that have operated so far above 10 keV. The superb hard X-ray imaging capability will be guaranteed by a mirror module of 100 electroformed Nickel shells with a multilayer reflecting coating. Here we will describe the technogical development and solutions adopted for the fabrication of the mirror module, that must guarantee an Half Energy Width (HEW) better than 20 arcsec from 0.5 up to 30 keV and a goal of 40 arcsec at 60 keV. During the phase A, terminated at the end of 2008, we have developed three engineering models with two, two and three shells, respectively. The most critical aspects in the development of the Simbol-X mirrors are i) the production of the 100 mandrels with very good surface quality within the timeline of the mission, ii) the replication of shells that must be very thin (a factor of 2 thinner than those of XMM-Newton) and still have very good image quality up to 80 keV, iii) the development of an integration process that allows us to integrate these very thin mirrors maintaining their intrinsic good image quality. The Phase A study has shown that we can fabricate the mandrels with the needed quality and that we have developed a valid integration process. The shells that we have produced so far have a quite good image quality, e.g. HEW < or approx. 30 arcsec at 30 keV, and effective area. However, we still need to make some improvements to reach the requirements. We will briefly present these results and discuss the possible improvements that we will investigate during phase B.

Tagliaferri, G.; Basso, S.; Civitani, M.; Conconi, P.; Cotroneo, V.; Pareschi, G.; Spiga, D. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (Italy); Borghi, G.; Garoli, D.; Mattarello, V.; Orlandi, A.; Valsecchi, G.; Vernani, D. [Media Lario Technologies S.r.l., Localita Pascolo, 23842 Bosisio Parini (Italy); Burkert, W.; Freyberg, M.; Hartner, G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstr. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Citterio, O. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (Italy); Media Lario Technologies S.r.l., Localita Pascolo, 23842 Bosisio Parini (Italy); Gorenstein, P.; Romaine, S. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

308

Production of field-reversed mirror plasma with a coaxial plasma gun  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The use of a coaxial plasma gun to produce a plasma ring which is directed into a magnetic field so as to form a field-reversed plasma confined in a magnetic mirror. Plasma thus produced may be used as a target for subsequent neutral beam injection or other similarly produced and projected plasma rings or for direct fusion energy release in a pulsed mode.

Hartman, Charles W. (Alamo, CA); Shearer, James W. (Livermore, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Advanced ultraviolet-resistant silver mirrors for use in solar reflectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A silver mirror construction that maintains a high percentage of hemispherical reflectance throughout the UV and visible spectrum when used in solar reflectors, comprising:a) a pressure sensitive adhesive layer positioned beneath a silver overlay;b) a polymer film disposed on the silver overlay;c) an adhesive layer positioned on the polymer film; andd) a UV screening acrylic film disposed on the adhesive layer.

Jorgensen, Gary J. (Pine, CO); Gee, Randy (Arvada, CO)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

310

Mirroring or Muscling: An Examination of State Class Action Appellate Rulemaking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

class action appeals even before Rule 23(f), and appear to have been more amenable to amending their class action rules post-Rule 23(f) to provide greater levels of appellate access. But the flexing of interest group muscles does not wholly explain...HINES GALLEY 5/27/2010 9:26:06 AM Mirroring or Muscling: An Examination of State Class Action Appellate Rulemaking Laura J. Hines ? I. INTRODUCTION This Symposium focuses on the developments in aggregate litigation since Amchem...

Hines, Laura J.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Ra: A high efficiency, D-/sup 3/He, tandem mirror fusion reactor: Appendix C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Ra tandem mirror fusion reactor concept features inherent safety, high net plant efficiency, low cost of electricity, low radioactive waste generation, low activation, highly efficient direct conversion, thin radiation shields, and axisymmetric magnets. The safety and environmental features are achieved through the use of D/He-3 fuel, while the high efficiency derives from a new operating mode. ICRF stabilization allows an axisymmetric magnet set. 11 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Santarius, J.F.; Attaya, H.; Corradini, M.L.; El-Guebaly, L.A.; Emmert, G.A.; Kulcinski, G.L.; Larsen, E.M.; Maynard, C.W.; Musicki, Z.; Sawan, M.E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A microwave tomography system using a tunable mirror for beam steering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microwave tomography is a fast-growing technique in the fields of NDE and medical industry. This paper presents a new microwave tomography system which reduces the complexities of conventional microwave imaging systems by utilizing a reconfigurable mirror, a tunable reflectarray antenna. In order to build a tunable reflectarray with beam steering capabilities, the unit cell characteristics should dynamically alter. Modelling and experimental results of a single unit cell are presented in this work.

Tayebi, A. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Non-Destructive Evaluation Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Physic (United States); Tang, J. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Paladhi, P. Roy; Udpa, L.; Udpa, S. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Non-Destructive Evaluation Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

313

Production of large-radius, high-beta, confined mirror plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports results of experiments in which mirror-confined plasmas with radii as high as 7 ion gyro-radii are produced and maintained by neutral-beam injection. In these plasmas, betas as high as 0.45 were achieved and limited only by the available neutral-beam power. Electron temperature and ion-energy confinement increased with larger plasma size.

D.L. Correll; J.H. Clauser; F.H. Coensgen; W.F. Cummins; R.P. Drake; J.H. Foote; A.H. Futch; R.K. Goodman; D.P. Grubb; G.M. Melin; W.E. Nexsen; T.C. Simonen; B.W. Stallard; W.C. Turner

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Transatlantic Mirror: Effects of the American Image on Postwar British Identity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#8; #8; #8; #8;#8;#8; #12;ABSTRACT The Transatlantic Mirror: Effects of the American Image on Postwar British Identity (April 2007) Philip Evans Department of English Texas A&M University Fellows Advisor: Dr. Elizabeth Ho... that is transatlantic in its scope, which is also the approach the remaining discussion will follow. At first this inspection was concerned with the formation of an American identity by the British, but in studying the changing characterization of American identity...

Evans, Philip

2007-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

315

A review of "The Public Mirror: Molière and the Social Commerce of Depiction." by Larry F. Norman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the characters to the comic mirror indicate not only the power of its image, but also the forcefulness of the spectators? resistance to it. Norman discusses two levels that are present in theatrical performance: the level of ?representation? or ?spectacle... of the characters to the comic mirror indicate not only the power of its image, but also the forcefulness of the spectators? resistance to it. Norman discusses two levels that are present in theatrical performance: the level of ?representation? or ?spectacle...

Kiki Gounaridou

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Design and analysis of the internally cooled silicon mirrors and benders for wiggler sources at the Advanced Photon Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When silicon single crystal mirrors are bent to cylindrical figures of typically 6 km bending radius, the moments needed are very small and easy to disturb by cooling attachments to the sides of the mirror. Hence, we decided to abandon the conventional concept of cooling plates attached to the sides of the mirrors and instead have chosen to use internal water channels. We present here the design of mirrors with cooling channels near the neutral axis of the silicon beam that have a rather thick {open_quote}{open_quote}hot wall.{close_quote}{close_quote} The results of this analytical work are nonintuitive, regarding the stresses produced by wiggler heating. The design path chosen minimizes figure errors due to coolant pressure variations and residual stresses from machining and bonding of multiple layers of silicon. The geometry of the water channels avoids water-to-vacuum seals and uses the mirror bender as the coolant manifold. Engineering efforts, which reduce the bending stresses at bender-to-silicon interface by a factor of five, will be presented. The complete mirror bender and motion control mechanics will be shown. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Schildkamp, W.; Jaski, Y. [Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)] [Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Tonnessen, T.; Douglas, G. [Rocketdyne Albuquerque Operations, 2511 C. Broadbent Parkway, N.E., Albuquerque, NM 87107 (United States)] [Rocketdyne Albuquerque Operations, 2511 C. Broadbent Parkway, N.E., Albuquerque, NM 87107 (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

direct normal irradiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords direct normal irradiance DNI GEF GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance insolation latitutde tilt irradiance NASA NREL South America SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Cell Maps (zip, 13.9 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 3.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

318

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

normal irradiance normal irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in broad bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4{mu}m, that comes directly from the Sun without being scattered or absorbed in the atmosphere, passes through a unit area perpendicular to the direction from the Sun. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments

319

Handbook of normal frames and coordinates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main subject of the book is an up-to-date and in-depth survey of the theory of normal frames and coordinates in differential geometry. The book can be used as a reference manual, review of the existing results and introduction to some new ideas and developments. In the book can be found practically all existing essential results and methods concerning normal frames and coordinates. Most of the results are represented in full detail with full, in some cases new, proofs. All classical results are expanded and generalized in various directions. Theorems of existence, uniqueness and, possibly, holonomicity of the normal frames and coordinates are proved; mostly, the proofs are constructive and some their parts can be used independently for other tasks. Besides published results, their extensions and generalizations, the book contains completely new results which appear for the first time.

Bozhidar Z. Iliev

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Differentiated state of normal and malignant cells or how to define a normal cell in culture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Described are cytological techniques to differentiate malignant and normal cells in culture. Emphasis is placed upon cell function and gene expression for determinative procedures. (DLS)

Bissell, M.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability UNT Geog 3190, Wolverton 1 #12;Normality to assume normalityWe would like to be able to assume normality ­ Then we can use parametric statistics a relationship ­ More powerful because we can use the normal probability distribution to make predictions

Wolverton, Steve

322

A helium-film-coated quasi-parabolic mirror to focus a beam of ultra-cold spin-polarized atomic hydrogen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 350 mK helium-4 coated mirror was used to increase the intensity of an ultra-cold electron-spin-polarized atomic hydrogen beam. The mirror uses the observed specular reflection of atomic hydrogen from a superfluid-helium-covered surface. A quasi-parabolic polished copper mirror was installed with its focus at the 5 mm diameter exit aperture of an atomic hydrogen stabilization cell in the gradient of an 8 T solenoid. The four-coned mirror shape, which was designed specifically for operation in the gradient, increased the beam intensity focused by a sextupole magnet into a compression tube detector more than seven-fold.

Luppov, V.G.; Kaufman, W.A.; Hill, K.M. [and others

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A cryogenic liquid-mirror telescope on the moon to study the early universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the feasibility and scientific potential of zenith observing liquid mirror telescopes having 20 to 100 m diameters located on the moon. They would carry out deep infrared surveys to study the distant universe and follow up discoveries made with the 6 m James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), with more detailed images and spectroscopic studies. They could detect objects 100 times fainter than JWST, observing the first, high-red shift stars in the early universe and their assembly into galaxies. We explored the scientific opportunities, key technologies and optimum location of such telescopes. We have demonstrated critical technologies. For example, the primary mirror would necessitate a high-reflectivity liquid that does not evaporate in the lunar vacuum and remains liquid at less than 100K: We have made a crucial demonstration by successfully coating an ionic liquid that has negligible vapor pressure. We also successfully experimented with a liquid mirror spinning on a superconducting bearing, as will be needed for the cryogenic, vacuum environment of the telescope. We have investigated issues related to lunar locations, concluding that locations within a few km of a pole are ideal for deep sky cover and long integration times. We have located ridges and crater rims within 0.5 degrees of the North Pole that are illuminated for at least some sun angles during lunar winter, providing power and temperature control. We also have identified potential problems, like lunar dust. Issues raised by our preliminary study demand additional in-depth analyses. These issues must be fully examined as part of a scientific debate we hope to start with the present article.

Roger Angel; Simon P. Worden; Ermanno F. Borra; Daniel J. Eisenstein; Bernard Foing; Paul Hickson; Jean-Luc Josset; Ki Bui Ma; Omar Seddiki; Suresh Sivanandam; Simon Thibault; Paul van Susante

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

324

Enhanced visible and near-infrared capabilities of the JET mirror-linked divertor spectroscopy system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mirror-linked divertor spectroscopy diagnostic on JET has been upgraded with a new visible and near-infrared grating and filtered spectroscopy system. New capabilities include extended near-infrared coverage up to 1875 nm, capturing the hydrogen Paschen series, as well as a 2 kHz frame rate filtered imaging camera system for fast measurements of impurity (Be II) and deuterium D?, D?, D? line emission in the outer divertor. The expanded system provides unique capabilities for studying spatially resolved divertor plasma dynamics at near-ELM resolved timescales as well as a test bed for feasibility assessment of near-infrared spectroscopy.

Lomanowski, B. A., E-mail: b.a.lomanowski@durham.ac.uk; Sharples, R. M. [Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Meigs, A. G.; Conway, N. J.; Zastrow, K.-D.; Heesterman, P.; Kinna, D. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Center, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Collaboration: JET-EFDA Team

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

A Mirror of Our World: Google Earth and the History of Cartography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hak Saeng, preface to his untitled manuscript atlas of China during the Ming Dynasty, dated 1721. Quoted on Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division, Atlas page: http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/ guide/gmillatl.html. file...Coordinates Series B, No. 12 A Mirror of Our World: Google Earth and the History of Cartography Persistent URL for citation: http://purl.oclc.org/ coordinates/b12.pdf Date of Publication: 08/20/09 David Y. Allen David Y. Allen (e...

Allen, David Y.

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

326

Steady state whistler turbulence and stability of thermal barriers in tandem mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of the whistler turbulence on anisotropic electrons in a thermal barrier is examined. The electron distribution function is derived self?consistently by solving the steady state quasilinear diffusion equation. Saturated amplitudes are computed using the resonance broadening theory or convective stabilization. Estimated power levels necessary for sustaining the steady state of a strongly anisotropic electron population are found to exceed by orders of magnitude the estimates based on Fokker–Planck calculations for the range of parameters of tandem mirror (TMX?U and MFTF?B) experiments [Nucl. Fusion 2 5 1205 (1985)]. Upper limits on the allowed degree of anisotropy for existing power densities are calculated.

C. Litwin; R. N. Sudan

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Steady state whistler turbulence and stability of thermal barriers in tandem mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the whistler turbulence on anisotropic electrons in a thermal barrier is examined. The electron distribution function is derived self-consistently by solving the steady state quasilinear diffusion equation. Saturated amplitudes are computed using the resonance broadening theory or convective stabilization. Estimated power levels necessary for sustaining the steady state of a strongly anisotropic electron population are found to exceed by orders of magnitude the estimates based on Fokker--Planck calculations for the range of parameters of tandem mirror (TMX-U and MFTF-B) experiments (Nucl. Fusion 25, 1205 (1985)). Upper limits on the allowed degree of anisotropy for existing power densities are calculated.

Litwin, C.; Sudan, R.N.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Initial results of the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Initial experimental results from the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) are presented. Axial profiles of the plasma density and potential necessary for electrostatically enhanced confinement of the central-cell ions have been generated and sustained for the duration of neutral-beam injection. The resulting central-cell ion confinement against axial loss is improved by a factor as large as 9 above that given by magnetic confinement alone. The plasma exhibits gross magnetohydrodynamic stability and microstability. Under some conditions, a residual level of ion cyclotron fluctuations in the end cells heats the central-cell ions and degrades their confinement.

Grubb, D.P.; Anderson, C.A.; Casper, T.A.; Clauser, J.F.; Coensgen, F.H.; Correll, D.L.; Cummins, W.F.; Davis, J.C.; Drake, R.P.; Foote, J.H.

1980-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

329

The ASTRI Project: a mini-array of dual-mirror small Cherenkov telescopes for CTA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRI is a flagship project of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, which aims to develop an end-to-end prototype of the CTA small-size telescope. The proposed design is characterized by a dual-mirror Schwarzschild-Couder configuration and a camera based on Silicon photo-multipliers, two challenging but innovative technological solutions which will be adopted for the first time on a Cherenkov telescope. Here we describe the current status of the project, the expected performance and the possibility to realize a mini-array composed by a few small-size telescopes, which shall be placed at the final CTA Southern Site.

La Palombara, N; Antonelli, L A; Bastieri, D; Bellassai, G; Belluso, M; Bigongiari, C; Billotta, S; Biondo, B; Bonanno, G; Bonnoli, G; Bruno, P; Bulgarelli, A; Canestrari, R; Capalbi, M; Caraveo, P; Carosi, A; Cascone, E; Catalano, O; Cereda, M; Conconi, P; Conforti, V; Cusumano, G; De Caprio, V; De Luca, A; Di Paola, A; Di Pierro, F; Fantinel, D; Fiorini, M; Fugazza, D; Gardiol, D; Ghigo, M; Gianotti, F; Giarrusso, S; Giro, E; Grillo, A; Impiombato, D; Incorvaia, S; La Barbera, A; La Parola, V; La Rosa, G; Lessio, L; Leto, G; Lombardi, S; Lucarelli, F; Maccarone, M C; Malaguti, G; Malaspina, G; Mangano, V; Marano, D; Martinetti, E; Millul, R; Mineo, T; Mistó, A; Morello, C; Morlino, G; Panzera, M R; Pareschi, G; Rodeghiero, G; Romano, P; Russo, F; Sacco, B; Sartore, N; Schwarz, J; Segreto, A; Sironi, G; Sottile, G; Stamerra, A; Strazzeri, E; Stringhetti, L; Tagliaferri, G; Testa, V; Timpanaro, M C; Toso, G; Tosti, G; Trifoglio, M; Vallania, P; Vercellone, S; Zitelli, V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

On the feasibility of electron cyclotron heating of overcritical plasma in a magnetic mirror trap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of matching electromagnetic radiation in the electron cyclotron frequency range to a dense plasma in an open magnetic trap by producing an inverted (with a minimum on the axis) plasma density profile is discussed. The use of such a profile shows promise for the implementation of efficient cyclotron heating at plasma densities above the critical density, at which the Langmuir frequency is equal to the heating radiation frequency. Examples of the magnetic field and plasma density distributions in a mirror trap are presented for which analysis of the beam trajectories shows the feasibility of efficient electron cyclotron absorption of microwave beams in overcritical plasma.

Vodopyanov, A. V.; Golubev, S. V.; Gospodchikov, E. D.; Smolyakova, O. B.; Suvorov, E. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Applied Physics (Russian Federation)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Isorotation and differential rotation in a magnetic mirror with imposed E Multiplication-Sign B rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Doppler spectroscopy of helium impurities in the Maryland Centrifugal Experiment reveals the simultaneous existence of isorotating and differentially rotating magnetic surfaces. Differential rotation occurs at the innermost surfaces and is conjectured to cause plasma voltage oscillations of hundreds of kilohertz by periodically changing the current path inductance. High-speed images show the periodic expulsion of plasma near the mirror ends at the same frequencies. In spite of this, the critical ionization velocity limit is exceeded, with respect to the vacuum field definition, for at least 0.5 ms.

Romero-Talamas, C. A.; Elton, R. C.; Young, W. C.; Reid, R.; Ellis, R. F. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Durable silver mirror with ultra-violet thru far infra-red reflection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A durable highly reflective silver mirror characterized by high reflectance in a broad spectral range of about 300 nm in the UV to the far infrared (.about.10000 nm), as well as exceptional environmental durability. A high absorptivity metal underlayer is used which prevents the formation of a galvanic cell with a silver layer while increasing the reflectance of the silver layer. Environmentally durable overcoat layers are provided to enhance mechanical and chemical durability and protect the silver layer from corrosion and tarnishing, for use in a wide variety of surroundings or climates, including harsh or extreme environments.

Wolfe, Jesse D. (Discovery Bay, CA)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

333

Termination of a Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Termination of a Major Normal Fault: Major normal fault terminations or tip-lines sometimes split into multiple closely-spaced faults that result in increased...

334

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and normal conditions of...

335

Excitons in a mirror: Formation of “optical bilayers” using MoS{sub 2} monolayers on gold substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report coupling of excitons in monolayers of molybdenum disulphide to their mirror image in an underlying gold substrate. Excitons at the direct band gap are little affected by the substrate whereas strongly bound C-excitons associated with a van-Hove singularity change drastically. On quartz substrates only one C-exciton is visible (in the blue) but on gold substrates a strong red-shifted extra resonance in the green is seen. Exciton coupling to its image leads to formation of a “mirror biexciton” with enhanced binding energy. Estimates of this energy shift in an emitter-gold system match experiments well. The absorption spectrum of MoS{sub 2} on gold thus resembles a bilayer of MoS{sub 2} which has been created by optical coupling. Additional top-mirrors produce an “optical bulk.”.

Mertens, Jan; Baumberg, Jeremy J., E-mail: jjb12@cam.ac.uk [Nanophotonics Centre, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Shi, Yumeng; Yang, Hui Ying, E-mail: yanghuiying@sutd.edu.sg [Pillar of Engineering Product Development, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore); Molina-Sánchez, Alejandro; Wirtz, Ludger [Physics and Materials Science Research Unit, University of Luxembourg, L-1511 Luxembourg (Luxembourg)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

336

Approximate Mirror Symmetry in Heliospheric Plasma Flow Explains VOYAGER 2 Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sun and the undisturbed interstellar magnetic field and plasma velocity vectors (Bis,Vis) define a mirror symmetry plane of the flow at large heliospheric distances. We show that for the Bis direction defined by IBEX Ribbon center, the radial direction of Voyager 2 over the last decade, and the (thermal proton) plasma velocity measured by the spacecraft since 2010.5, are almost parallel to the (Bis,Vis)-plane, which coincides in practice with the Hydrogen Deflection Plane. These facts can be simply explained if approximate mirror symmetry is also maintained on the inner side of the heliopause. Such approximate symmetry is possible since the solar wind ram pressure is almost spherically symmetric and the plasma beta value in the inner heliosheath is high. In the proposed symmetry, the plasma flow speed measured by Voyager 2 in the inner heliosheath is expected to rotate more in the transverse than in the polar direction (explanation alternative to McComas & Schwadron (2014)), in evident agreement with ...

Grygorczuk, Jolanta; Grzedzielski, Stan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Photo-Thermal Transfer Function of Dielectric Mirrors for Precision Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The photo-thermal transfer function from absorbed power incident on a dielectric mirror to the effective mirror position is calculated using the coating design as input. The effect is found to change in amplitude and sign for frequencies corresponding to diffusion length comparable to the coating thickness. Transfer functions are calculated for the $Ti$-doped ${\\rm Ta_2O_5:SiO_2}$ coating used in Advanced LIGO and for a crystalline ${\\rm Al_xGa_{1-x}As}$ coating. The shape of the transfer function at high frequencies is shown to be a sensitive indicator of the effective absorption depth, providing a potentially powerful tool to distinguish coating-internal absorption from surface contamination related absorption. The sign change of the photo-thermal effect could also be useful to stabilize radiation pressure-based opto-mechanical systems. High frequency corrections to the previously published thermo-optic noise estimates are also provided. Finally, estimating the quality of the thermo-optic noise cancellation occurring in fine-tuned ${\\rm Al_xGa_{1-x}As}$ coatings requires the detailed heat flow analysis done in this paper.

Stefan W. Ballmer

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Photo-Thermal Transfer Function of Dielectric Mirrors for Precision Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The photo-thermal transfer function from absorbed power incident on a dielectric mirror to the effective mirror position is calculated using the coating design as input. The effect is found to change in amplitude and sign for frequencies corresponding to diffusion length comparable to the coating thickness. Transfer functions are calculated for the $Ti$-doped ${\\rm Ta_2O_5:SiO_2}$ coating used in Advanced LIGO and for a crystalline ${\\rm Al_xGa_{1-x}As}$ coating. The shape of the transfer function at high frequencies is shown to be a sensitive indicator of the effective absorption depth, providing a potentially powerful tool to distinguish coating-internal absorption from surface contamination related absorption. The sign change of the photo-thermal effect could also be useful to stabilize radiation pressure-based opto-mechanical systems. High frequency corrections to the previously published thermo-optic noise estimates are also provided. Finally, estimating the quality of the thermo-optic noise cancellation occurring in fine-tuned ${\\rm Al_xGa_{1-x}As}$ coatings requires the detailed heat flow analysis done in this paper.

Stefan W. Ballmer

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

Summary of mirror experiments relevant to beam-plasma neutron source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A promising design for a deuterium-tritium (DT) neutron source is based on the injection of neutral beams into a dense, warm plasma column. Its purpose is to test materials for possible use in fusion reactors. A series of designs have evolved, from a 4-T version to an 8-T version. Intense fluxes of 5--10 MW/m/sup 2/ is achieved at the plasma surface, sufficient to complete end-of-life tests in one to two years. In this report, we review data from earlier mirror experiments that are relevant to such neutron sources. Most of these data are from 2XIIB, which was the only facility to ever inject 5 MW of neutral beams into a single mirror call. The major physics issues for a beam-plasma neutron source are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equilibrium and stability, microstability, startup, cold-ion fueling of the midplane to allow two-component reactions, and operation in the Spitzer conduction regime, where the power is removed to the ends by an axial gradient in the electron temperature T/sub e/. We show in this report that the conditions required for a neutron source have now been demonstrated in experiments. 20 refs., 15 figs., 3 tabs.

Molvik, A.W.

1988-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

340

Energy-dependent finite-orbit treatment for plasma buildup in mirror fusion devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer simulation of hot plasma buildup in mirror fusion devices and results from this model are presented. In a small, hot magnetically confined plasma, the ion orbit radius (rho/sub i/) can be comparable to the plasma radius (R/sub p/). It a mirror-confined plasma were rho/sub i//R/sub p/ > 1/25 (such as 2XII-B), a point kinetic treatment of ion interactions becomes inaccurate and a finite gyro-radius (FGR) treatment must be used to adequately describe plasma buildup processes. This is particularly true for describing losses due to cold-gas charge exchange (c-x) near the plasma surface, since a particle lost near the vacuum interface may have contributed to the density as far as 2 rho/sub i/ radially inward from the c-x point. A similar FGR effect applies to beam-deposited ions whose large orbits influence the density up to 2 rho/sub i/ from the trapping point.

Campbell, M.M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Development of mirrors made of chemically tempered glass foils for future X-ray telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin slumped glass foils are considered good candidates for the realization of future X-ray telescopes with large effective area and high spatial resolution. However, the hot slumping process affects the glass strength, and this can be an issue during the launch of the satellite because of the high kinematical and static loads occurring during that phase. In the present work we have investigated the possible use of Gorilla glass (produced by Corning), a chemical tempered glass that, thanks to its strength characteristics, would be ideal. The un-tempered glass foils were curved by means of an innovative hot slumping technique and subsequently chemically tempered. In this paper we show that the chemical tempering process applied to Gorilla glass foils does not affect the surface micro-roughness of the mirrors. On the other end, the stress introduced by the tempering process causes a reduction in the amplitude of the longitudinal profile errors with a lateral size close to the mirror length. The effect of the ov...

Salmaso, B; Brizzolari, B; Basso, S; Ghigo, M; Pareschi, G; Spiga, D; Proserpio, L; Suppiger, Y

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Optimized Si/SiO2 high contrast grating mirror design for mid-infrared wavelength range: robustness enhancement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A high reflectivity and polarization selective high contrast grating mirror has been designed with the use of an automated optimization algorithm. Through a precise study of the tolerance of the different lengths of the structure, the robustness with respect to the fabrication errors has been enhanced to high tolerance values between 5 % and 210 %. This adjustment of the dimensions of the structure leads to a 250 nm large bandwidth mirror well adapted for a VCSEL application at \\lambda = 2.65 $\\mu$m and can easily be scaled for other wavelengths.

Chevallier, Christyves; Jacquet, Joel; Fressengeas, Nicolas; 10.1016/j.optlastec.2011.09.010

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault: Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone Intrusion Margins and Associated Fractures Stratigraphic Boundaries

344

Abstract--Grazing incidence metal mirrors in laser-driven IFE power plants are subject to a variety of threats that result  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of threats that result in damages leading to increased laser absorption, beam quality degradation and reduced of threats, including prompt neutron and gamma fluxes, x-ray and ionic emissions, and contamination from in the ARIES study. II. MIRROR DEFECTS AND ANALYSIS APPROACHES Depending on the type of threat, the mirror can

Tillack, Mark

345

E-E L T Primary Mirror Control System M. Dimmler, T. Erm, B. Bauvir, B. Sedghi, H. Bonnet, M. Mller and A. Wallander  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! ! ! E-E L T Primary Mirror Control System M. Dimmler, T. Erm, B. Bauvir, B. Sedghi, H. Bonnet, M. Müller and A. Wallander European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany ABSTRA C T During the past year the control of the 42m segmented primary mirror of the E

Liske, Jochen

346

EUV Interferometry of a Four-Mirror Ring-Field EUV Optical System Kenneth A. Goldberg*a, Patrick Naulleaua, Phillip J. Batsona, Paul Denhama,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUV Interferometry of a Four-Mirror Ring-Field EUV Optical System Kenneth A. Goldberg*a, Patrick At-wavelength, extreme ultraviolet interferometric measurements of a new, four-mirror, ring of several small-field EUV 10Ã? Schwarzschild objec- tives.5 A new branchline of the undulator source

Bokor, Jeffrey

347

The hybrid reactor project based on the straight field line mirror concept  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The straight field line mirror (SFLM) concept is aiming towards a steady-state compact fusion neutron source. Besides the possibility for steady state operation for a year or more, the geometry is chosen to avoid high loads on materials and plasma facing components. A comparatively small fusion hybrid device with 'semi-poor' plasma confinement (with a low fusion Q factor) may be developed for industrial transmutation and energy production from spent nuclear fuel. This opportunity arises from a large fission to fusion energy multiplication ratio, Q{sub r} = P{sub fis}/P{sub fus}>>1. The upper bound on Q{sub r} is primarily determined by geometry and reactor safety. For the SFLM, the upper bound is Q{sub r} Almost-Equal-To 150, corresponding to a neutron multiplicity of k{sub eff}=0.97. Power production in a mirror hybrid is predicted for a substantially lower electron temperature than the requirement T{sub e} Almost-Equal-To 10 keV for a fusion reactor. Power production in the SFLM seems possible with Q Almost-Equal-To 0.15, which is 10 times lower than typically anticipated for hybrids (and 100 times smaller than required for a fusion reactor). This relaxes plasma confinement demands, and broadens the range for use of plasmas with supra-thermal ions in hybrid reactors. The SFLM concept is based on a mirror machine stabilized by qudrupolar magnetic fields and large expander tanks beyond the confinement region. The purpose of the expander tanks is to distribute axial plasma loss flow over a sufficiently large area so that the receiving plates can withstand the heat. Plasma stability is not relying on a plasma flow into the expander regions. With a suppressed plasma flow into the expander tanks, a possibility arise for higher electron temperature. A brief presentation will be given on basic theory for the SFLM with plasma stability and electron temperature issues, RF heating computations with sloshing ion formation, neutron transport computations with reactor safety margins and material load estimates, magnetic coil designs as well as a discussion on the implications of the geometry for possible diagnostics. Reactor safety issues are addressed and a vertical orientation of the device could assist passive coolant circulation. Specific attention is put to a device with a 25 m long confinement region and 40 cm plasma radius in the mid-plane. In an optimal case (k{sub eff}= 0.97) with a fusion power of only 10 MW, such a device may be capable of producing a power of 1.5 GW{sub th}.

Agren, O.; Noack, K.; Moiseenko, V. E.; Hagnestal, A.; Kaellne, J.; Anglart, H. [Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Royal Institute of Technology, Nuclear Reactor Technology, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

348

Long-Working-Distance Kirkpatrick-Baez Mirrors for Hard X-ray Beamlines at SPring-8  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We designed and installed two types of long-working-distance Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) mirrors and mirror manipulators, which were customized into each experiment for hard x-ray undulator beamlines at SPring-8. For the BL32XU RIKEN Targeted Proteins beamline, 400-mm-long KB focusing mirrors for a beam size of 1 {mu}m with a 730-mm-long working distance were designed for carrying out the structural analysis of protein microcrystals. We realized a focusing beam size of 0.9x0.9 {mu}m{sup 2}(FWHM) and a focusing intensity of 6x10{sup 10} (photons/s) at an x-ray energy of 12.4 keV. For the BL19LXU RIKEN SR Physics beamline, we developed KB mirrors for 100-nm focusing with a 100-mm-working distance for the purpose of nano-focus x-ray diffraction. A focusing beam size of 100x100 nm{sup 2}(FWHM) and a high focusing intensity of 3.7x10{sup 10} (photons/s) at an x-ray energy of 12.4 keV were realized.

Yumoto, H.; Koyama, T. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI)/SPring-8, 1-1-1, Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Hirata, K.; Kawano, Y.; Ueno, G.; Nisawa, A.; Hikima, T.; Takeshita, S.; Ito, K.; Tanaka, Y.; Arima, T.; Yamamoto, M. [RIKEN/SPring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Ohsumi, H.; Ohashi, H.; Goto, S. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI)/SPring-8, 1-1-1, Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); RIKEN/SPring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

349

Mirrors for X-ray telescopes: Fresnel diffraction-based computation of Point Spread Functions from metrology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The imaging sharpness of an X-ray telescope is chiefly determined by the optical quality of its focusing optics, which in turn mostly depends on the shape accuracy and the surface finishing of the grazing incidence X-ray mirrors that compose the optical modules. In order to ensure the imaging performance during the mirror manufacturing, a fundamental step is represented by the prediction of the mirror Point Spread Function (PSF) from the metrology of its surface. Traditionally, the PSF computation in X-rays is assumed to be different depending on whether the surface defects are classified as figure errors or roughness [...] The aim of this work is to overcome this limit, providing analytical formulae, valid at any light wavelength, to compute the PSF of an X-ray mirror shell from the measured longitudinal profiles and the roughness Power Spectral Density (PSD), without distinguishing spectral ranges with different treatments. The method we adopted is based on the Huygens-Fresnel principle to compute the diffr...

Raimondi, Lorenzo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Magnetic Mirrors at the Nanoscale : Theory M. P. J. L. Chang, D. Jia1 and H. Nazari2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as electrons tend to move through a magnetic field by following a helical path about a magnetic field line. A magnetic mirror is a static magnetic field that, within a localized region, has a strong gradient (provided their velocity vector is not wholly parallel to the field line). If the field lines along the path

Chang, Mark J. L.

351

Diurnal modulation due to self-interacting mirror and hidden sector dark matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mirror and more generic hidden sector dark matter models can simultaneously explain the DAMA, CoGeNT and CRESST-II dark matter signals consistently with the null results of the other experiments. This type of dark matter can be captured by the Earth and shield detectors because it is self-interacting. This effect will lead to a diurnal modulation in dark matter detectors. We estimate the size of this effect for dark matter detectors in various locations. For a detector located in the northern hemisphere, this effect is expected to peak in April and can be detected for optimistic parameter choices. The diurnal variation is expected to be much larger for detectors located in the southern hemisphere. In particular, if the CoGeNT detector were moved to e.g. Sierra Grande, Argentina then a 5? dark matter discovery would be possible in around 30 days of operation.

Foot, R., E-mail: rfoot@unimelb.edu.au [ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Preparation of dielectrics HR mirrors from colloidal oxide suspensions containing organic polymer binders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Colloidal suspensions of oxides have been used to prepare dielectric HR (high reflective) mirrors, specifically for high power fusion case applications, on substrates up to 38 cm square using a meniscus coater. These coatings consist of porous quarterwave layers of alternating high and low refractive index oxides. Silica was used as the low index oxide and AlOOH, ZrO{sub 2}, or HfO{sub 2} as the high index material. Coatings were weak because of low particle-to-particle adhesion. Use of organic polymer binders in the high index component was found to increase strength, thereby improving the laser damage threshold and also reducing the number of layers required for 99% reflection due to increased refractive index.

Thomas, I.M.

1994-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

353

Electronic film with embedded micro-mirrors for solar energy concentrator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel electronic film solar energy concentrator with embedded micro-mirrors that track the sun is described. The potential viability of this new concept is presented. Due to miniaturization, the amount of material needed for the optical system is minimal. Because it is light-weight and flexible, it can easily be attached to the land or existing structures. This presents an economic advantage over conventional concentrators which require the construction of a separate structure to support them, and motors to orient them to intercept and properly reflect sunlight. Such separate structures must be able to survive gusts, windstorms, earthquakes, etc. This concentrator utilizes the ground or existing edifices which are already capable of withstanding such vicissitudes of nature.

Mario Rabinowitz; Mark Davidson

2004-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

354

Current Helicity and Twist as Two Indicators of The Mirror Asymmetry of solar Magnetic Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparison between the two tracers of magnetic field mirror asymmetry in solar active regions, twist and current helicity, is presented. It is shown that for individual active regions these tracers do not possess visible similarity while averaging by time over the solar cycle, or by latitude, reveals similarities in their behaviour. The main property of the dataset is anti-symmetry over the solar equator. Considering the evolution of helical properties over the solar cycle we find signatures of a possible sign change at the beginning of the cycle, though more systematic observational data are required for a definite confirmation. We discuss the role of both tracers in the context of the solar dynamo theory.

D. D. Sokoloff; H. Zhang; K. Kuzanyan; V. N. Obridko; D. N. Tomin; V. N. Tutubalin

2008-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

355

Electronic film with embedded micro-mirrors for solar energy concentrator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel electronic film solar energy concentrator with embedded micro-mirrors that track the sun is described. The potential viability of this new concept is presented. Due to miniaturization, the amount of material needed for the optical system is minimal. Because it is light-weight and flexible, it can easily be attached to the land or existing structures. This presents an economic advantage over conventional concentrators which require the construction of a separate structure to support them, and motors to orient them to intercept and properly reflect sunlight. Such separate structures must be able to survive gusts, windstorms, earthquakes, etc. This concentrator utilizes the ground or existing edifices which are already capable of withstanding such vicissitudes of nature.

Rabinowitz, M; Rabinowitz, Mario; Davidson, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Finite-orbit method for dynamic analysis of mirror fusion systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model (FOREMD) is described which treats plasma buildup in small mirror fusion devices where finite gyroradius effects are important to the dynamic evolution of the density and energy profiles. An energy-dependent group technique is employed, but unlike conventional point-kinetic diffusion models, the local density is calculated by a summing over orbits passing through the volume of interest. This treatment is particularly important during buildup via neutral beam injection where charge-exchange losses near the surface affect the inner-volume density distribution through loss of large orbit ions. As an example of the use of FOREMD, buildup processes in two experimental devices (2X-IIB and TMX) are examined.

Campbell, M.M.; Miley, G.H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Radial transport in the central cell of the tandem mirror experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study of radial transport in the Tandem Mirror Experiment is reported here. Plasma parameters were measured in a series of well?diagnosed plasma discharges. A negative electric current (80±40 A within a 30?cm radius) flowed to the end wall implying an equal radial loss of plasma ions. The axial losses of plasma ions were 100 A from the same volume. The nonambipolar radial ion flux was of the same order as the flux resulting from resonant?neoclassical and ion?neutral transport but the uncertainties are large. The ambipolar radial transport (of both ions and electrons) was investigated by comparing the observed end losses with calculations of the plasma fueling by gas penetration and neutral beams. The ambipolar radial losses are probably smaller than the loses through other processes and may be as small as the classical losses resulting from Coulomb collisions.

R. P. Drake; E. B. Hooper Jr.; C. V. Karmendy; S. L. Allen; T. A. Casper; J. F. Clauser; F. H. Coensgen; R. H. Cohen; D. L. Correll; J. C. Davis; J. H. Foote; A. H. Futch; R. K. Goodman; D. P. Grubb; G. E. Gryczkowski; G. A. Hallock; A. L. Hunt; W. E. Nexsen; W. L. Pickles; A. E. Pontau; P. Poulsen; T. C. Simonen; O. T. Strand; W. R. Wampler

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Energy confinement studies in the tandem mirror experiment (TMX): Power flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the measured plasma densities and energies the flow of power between the different particle species and regions of the tandem mirror experiment (TMX) is analyzed. The power flow is described by a simple classical model modified to include: (1) a halo of cool plasma that reduces end?cell ion losses due to charge exchange on background gas (2) instability heating of the central?cell ions both in the central cell and as they escape through the plugs (3) electron energy transport along the field lines which is less than predicted and (4) radial transport of the central?cell ions. Our global power balance including all particles and regions accounts for 87±27% of the trapped neutral?beam power.

D. P. Grubb; S. L. Allen; T. A. Casper; J. F. Clauser; F. H. Coensgen; R. H. Cohen; D. L. Correll; W. C. Cummins; J. C. Davis; R. P. Drake; J. H. Foote; A. H. Futch; R. K. Goodman; G. E. Gryczkowski; E. B. Hooper Jr.; R. S. Hornady; A. L. Hunt; C. V. Karmendy; W. E. Nexsen; W. L. Pickles; G. D. Porter; P. Poulsen; T. D. Rognlien; T. C. Simonen; D. R. Slaughter; P. Coakley; G. A. Hallock; O. T. Strand

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Compact tunable Compton x-ray source from laser-plasma accelerator and plasma mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of the first tunable Compton backscattering (CBS) x-ray source that is based on the easily aligned combination of a laser-plasma accelerator (LPA) and a plasma mirror (PM). The LPA is driven in the blowout regime by 30 TW, 30 fs laser pulses, and produces high-quality, tunable, quasi-monoenergetic electron beams. A thin plastic film near the gas jet exit efficiently retro-reflects the LPA driving pulse with relativistic intensity into oncoming electrons to produce $2\\times10^{7}$ CBS x-ray photons per shot with 10-20 mrad angular divergence and 50 % (FWHM) energy spread without detectable bremsstrahlung background. The x-ray central energy is tuned from 75 KeV to 200 KeV by tuning the LPA e-beam central energy. Particle-in-cell simulations of the LPA, the drive pulse/PM interaction and CBS agree well with measurements.

Tsai, Hai-En; Shaw, Joseph; Li, Zhengyan; Arefiev, Alexey V; Zhang, Xi; Zgadzaj, Rafal; Henderson, Watson; Khudik, V; Shvets, G; Downer, M C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Achievement of a record electron temperature for a magnetic mirror device  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate plasma discharges with extremely high temperature of bulk electrons at the large axially symmetric magnetic mirror device GDT (Budker Institute, Novosibirsk). According to Thomson scattering measurements, the on-axis electron temperature averaged over several sequential shots is 660 $\\pm$ 50 eV with peak values exceeding 900 eV in few shots. This corresponds to at least threefold increase as compared to previous experiments both at the GDT and at other comparable machines, thus demonstrating the maximum quasi-stationary (~1 ms) electron temperature achieved in open traps. The breakthrough is made possible with application of sophisticated electron cyclotron resonance heating in addition to standard heating by neutral beams. The reported increase of the electron temperature along with previous experiments, which demonstrated high-density plasma confinement with $\\beta\\approx$ 60%, provide a firm basis for extrapolating to fusion relevant applications of open magnetic systems.

Bagryansky, P A; Lizunov, A A; Maximov, V V; Prikhodko, V V; Shalashov, A G; Soldatkina, E I; Solomakhin, A L; Yakovlev, D V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Time interval and lattice vibration in Raman effect, photoelectric effect and plane mirror reflection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time interval between the incident and scattered photon in Raman effect and absorption of photon and emission of electron in photoelectric effect has not been determined till now. This is because there is no such high level instrument discovered till now to detect time interval to such a small level. But this can be calculated theoretically by applying a basic principle of physics like impulse is equal to the change in momentum. Considering the collision between electron and photon as perfect inelastic collision in photoelectric effect, elastic and inelastic collision in Raman effect and elastic collision in plane mirror reflection and the interaction between electron and photon as strong gravitational interaction we calculate the required time interval. During these phenomena there is lattice vibration which can be quantized as phonon particles.

M. Kumar; S. Sahoo

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

362

Cooperative Effects in a Tenuous Energetic Plasma Contained by a Magnetic Mirror Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The formation and characteristics of a steady?state hydrogen plasma contained in a magnetic mirror field are described. The mean ion energy is 20 keV. The plasma is formed by ionizing and trapping a portion of a beam of energetic hydrogen atoms passing through the confining field. The methods of measurement used to determine the plasma properties are described. Measurements of the radial and azimuthal trapped?ion distributions the average ion and electron densities and the plasma potential are compared with the predictions of simple theory neglecting cooperative plasma effects. The observed deviations from these simple predictions show that the plasma properties are dominated by cooperative phenomena. The plasma density is found to be limited to a low value (?4 × 107 ions/cm3) by a flute or drift instability. This instability is characterized by a low frequency rotation of the plasma at a frequency typically close to the ?B precession frequency of a 20?keV proton in the nonuniform mirror field. The plasma density at the unstable limit is observed to be related to the value of plasma potential. This relationship can be understood quantitatively by an extension of an earlier theoretical treatment of the drift instability to the case of unequal ion and electron densities. The flute oscillation frequency is also derived from this theory. Oscillations at the ion gyrofrequency are observed marking the presence of an electrostatic resonance type of instability. Coupling of these modes with the flute oscillations is described but detailed identification of the electrostatic resonance modes cannot yet be made.

C. C. Damm; J. H. Foote; A. H. Futch Jr.; A. L. Gardner; F. J. Gordon; A. L. Hunt; R. F. Post

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Programmable matched filter and Hadamard transform hyperspectral imagers based on micro-mirror arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hyperspectral imaging (HSI), in which each pixel contains a high-resolution spectrum, is a powerful technique that can remotely detect, identify, and quantify a multitude of materials and chemicals. The advent of addressable micro-mirror arrays (MMAs) makes possible a new class of programmable hyperspectral imagers that can perform key spectral processing functions directly in the optical hardware, thus alleviating some of HSI's high computational overhead, as well as offering improved signal-to-noise in certain important regimes (e.g. when using uncooled infrared detectors). We have built and demonstrated a prototype UV-Visible micro-mirror hyperspectral imager that is capable not only of matched-filter imaging, but also of full hyperspectral imagery via the Hadamard transform technique. With this instrument, one can upload a chemical-specific spectral matched filter directly to the MMA, producing an image showing the location of that chemical without further processing. Target chemicals are changeable nearly instantaneously simply by uploading new matched-filter patterns to the MMA. Alternatively, the MMA can implement Hadamard mask functions, yielding a full-spectrum hyperspectral image upon inverting the transform. In either case, the instrument can produce the 2D spatial image either by an internal scan, using the MMA itself, or with a traditional external push-broom scan. The various modes of operation are selectable simply by varying the software driving the MMA. Here the design and performance of the prototype is discussed, along with experimental results confirming the signal-to-noise improvement produced by the Hadamard technique in the noisy-detector regime.

Love, Steven P [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Abstract: Shotgun proteomic data...

365

Smith Normal Form a possible basis for an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smith Normal Form ­ a possible basis for an SVD ­ like code construction? (Semester Project I) Name.7 The Smith Normal Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Detailed treatment of the possibilities to use Smith's Normal Form for coding 14 3.1 Introduction

Henkel, Werner

366

EIGENVALUES AND THE SMITH NORMAL FORM Joseph J. Rushanan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EIGENVALUES AND THE SMITH NORMAL FORM Joseph J. Rushanan The MITRE Corporation, M/S E025, Bedford, MA 01730 Abstract. Results are shown that compare the Smith Normal Form (SNF) over the integers and its Smith Normal Form (SNF) over the integers. Our goals are more general than those results

Rushanan, Joe J.

367

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices; Abstract We study the problem of computing Hermite and Smith normal forms of ma- trices over. One first result is a fast Las Vegas probabilistic algorithm to compute the * *Smith normal form

Storjohann, Arne

368

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices by Arne Storjohann A thesis presented the problem of computing Hermite and Smith normal forms of ma­ trices over principal ideal domains. The main probabilistic algorithm to compute the Smith normal form of a polynomial matrix for those cases where pre

Storjohann, Arne

369

TMRBAR: a code to calculate plasma parameters for tandem-mirror reactors operating in the MARS mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the plasma power balance model currently used by LLNL to calculate steady state operating points for tandem mirror reactors. The code developed from this model, TMRBAR, has been used to predict the performance and define supplementary heating requirements for drivers used in the Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) and for the Fusion Power Demonstration (FPD) study. The equations solved included particle and energy balance for central cell and end cell species, quasineutrality at several cardinal points in the end cell region, as well as calculations of volumes, densities and average energies based on given constraints of beta profiles and fusion power output. Alpha particle ash is treated self-consistently, but no other impurity species is treated.

Campbell, R.B.

1983-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

370

Conceptual design study FY 1981: synfuels from fusion - using the tandem mirror reactor and a thermochemical cycle to produce hydrogen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents the second year's effort of a scoping and conceptual design study being conducted for the express purpose of evaluating the engineering potential of producing hydrogen by thermochemical cycles using a tandem mirror fusion driver. The hydrogen thus produced may then be used as a feedstock to produce fuels such as methane, methanol, or gasoline. The main objective of this second year's study has been to obtain some approximate cost figures for hydrogen production through a conceptual design study.

Krikorian, O.H. (ed.)

1982-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

371

Stand alone computer system to aid the development of Mirror Fusion Test Facility rf heating systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) control system architecture requires the Supervisory Control and Diagnostic System (SCDS) to communicate with a LSI-11 Local Control Computer (LCC) that in turn communicates via a fiber optic link to CAMAC based control hardware located near the machine. In many cases, the control hardware is very complex and requires a sizable development effort prior to being integrated into the overall MFTF-B system. One such effort was the development of the Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) system. It became clear that a stand alone computer system was needed to simulate the functions of SCDS. This paper describes the hardware and software necessary to implement the SCDS Simulation Computer (SSC). It consists of a Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) LSI-11 computer and a Winchester/Floppy disk operating under the DEC RT-11 operating system. All application software for MFTF-B is programmed in PASCAL, which allowed us to adapt procedures originally written for SCDS to the SSC. This nearly identical software interface means that software written during the equipment development will be useful to the SCDS programmers in the integration phase.

Thomas, R.A.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

SST-GATE: A dual mirror telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will be the world's first open observatory for very high energy gamma-rays. Around a hundred telescopes of different sizes will be used to detect the Cherenkov light that results from gamma-ray induced air showers in the atmosphere. Amongst them, a large number of Small Size Telescopes (SST), with a diameter of about 4 m, will assure an unprecedented coverage of the high energy end of the electromagnetic spectrum (above ~1TeV to beyond 100 TeV) and will open up a new window on the non-thermal sky. Several concepts for the SST design are currently being investigated with the aim of combining a large field of view (~9 degrees) with a good resolution of the shower images, as well as minimizing costs. These include a Davies-Cotton configuration with a Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode (GAPD) based camera, as pioneered by FACT, and a novel and as yet untested design based on the Schwarzschild-Couder configuration, which uses a secondary mirror to reduce the plate-scale and to all...

Zech, A; Blake, S; Boisson, C; Costille, C; De-Frondat, F; Dournaux, J -L; Dumas, D; Fasola, G; Greenshaw, T; Hervet, O; Huet, J -M; Laporte, P; Rulten, C; Savoie, D; Sayede, F; Schmoll, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Kinetic stabilization of interchange modes in an axisymmetric mirror by large orbit radius thermal ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dispersion functional analysis that includes the full kinetic effects of large Larmor radius thermal ions is applied to the problem of stability of an axisymmetric mirror to finite azimuthal mode number ({ital m}) interchange modes. Vlasov theory is used to describe the ions, which are imbedded in a background of fluid electrons. The dispersion functional is solved numerically, both for a trial function displacement, where only the growth rate is determined, and the general case, where both the displacement and the growth rate are determined. In the trial function case, it is found that finite Larmor radius (FLR) effects are recovered, with a significant reduction in the growth rate when ({rho}{sub {ital i}}/{ital L}){sup 2}{approx gt}{gamma}{sub MHD}/{Omega}{sub {ital i}}. In a general case, the growth rate is reduced, but not so strongly as in the trial function case. It is shown heuristically that FLR effects may be recovered from the analysis and that these effects increase with the phase-space decorrelation time of the thermal ion distribution.

Krall, J.; Seyler, C.E.; Sudan, R.N. (Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (US))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Kinetic stabilization of interchange modes in an axisymmetric mirror by large orbit radius thermal ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dispersion functional analysis that includes the full kinetic effects of large Larmor radius thermal ions is applied to the problem of stability of an axisymmetric mirror to finite azimuthal mode number (m) interchange modes. Vlasov theory is used to describe the ions which are imbedded in a background of fluid electrons. The dispersion functional is solved numerically both for a trial function displacement where only the growth rate is determined and the general case where both the displacement and the growth rate are determined. In the trial function case it is found that finite Larmor radius (FLR) effects are recovered with a significant reduction in the growth rate when (? i /L)2?? MHD /? i . In a general case the growth rate is reduced but not so strongly as in the trial function case. It is shown heuristically that FLR effects may be recovered from the analysis and that these effects increase with the phase?space decorrelation time of the thermal ion distribution.

J. Krall; C. E. Seyler; R. N. Sudan

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Experimental beta limit in an average minimum-B tandem mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High density (non-thermal-barrier) operation in the Tandem Mirror Experiment Upgrade (TMX-U) is found to be restricted by a stability limit. This limit is observed in the ratio of the neutral beam sustained central cell beta ?c to the hot ion beta ?ih in the minimum-B anchor cells at both ends of the central cell, qualitatively consistent with a flute interchange stability limit. The ratio is ?c/?ih = 5, over the range of 0.03 ? ?c ? 0.22, with no apparent reduction due to ballooning at high ?c. This is a factor of six below the standard magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) m = 1 stability theory prediction of ?c/?ih = 33 at ?c ? 0.1, where ballooning corrections to flute modes are small. The discrepancy could be due to approximations in the theory; however, experimental data indicate that the stability limit is due to drift wave turbulence or to large-m MHD flute or ballooning modes. The experimental beta limit is nearly independent of the hot electron beta in the anchor cells, which is compatible with theoretical predictions that the hot electron beta will decouple from MHD activity.

A.W. Molvik; T.A. Casper; A.H. Futch

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Summary of Thomson-scattering data from the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We provide a synthesis of our Thomson-scattering measurements of electron temperature (T/sub e/) and density (n/sub e/) for the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX). TMX operated in two modes - high and low T/sub e/. When performing in the high T/sub e/ mode (in general > 100 eV), heating the central-cell ions with neutral beams raised T/sub e/ in the end plug. We achieved a maximum T/sub e/ of 260 eV in the east end plug. Specifically, our experiments demonstrated that in the end plug, the radial T/sub e/ profiles were flat to r = 5 cm; the ratio of potential (phi/sub p/) to T/sub e/ ranged between four and six. In addition, we found that although T/sub e/ in the central cell was generally comparable to that in the plug, it was often not constant along a magnetic field line. Under some conditions a non-Maxwellian electron distribution may have been present.

Goodman, R.K.

1982-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

377

Radial Fokker-Planck model for plasmas confined by magnetic mirror fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A time-dependent computer model has been developed for the spatially dependent distribution function f(r,v,t). An orbit averaged Fokker-Planck equation treats Coulomb collisions and various atomic physics processes. The motivation for the present code is to provide an accurate treatment of gyro-radius effects and realistic beam geometries which have been neglected in previous Fokker-Planck codes. Finite width beams may be offset from the plasma center to determine beam injection for build-up studies. The inclusion of a finite gyro-radius is essential for studying radial transport due to both quasilinear fluctuations and charge exchange collisions. Charge exchange with energetic beam atoms and plasma erosion due to charge-exchange collisions with thermal gas are both included. Quasilinear diffusion terms include the effects of turbulent diffusion in the model. The model has been used to study particle and energy confinement times in the 2XIIB experiment and in the mirror plug of the TMX experiment. Calculated values of T/sub e/ decrease from classical Fokker-Planck values (1000 eV for 2XIIB) to the 50 eV to 200 eV range observed in 2XIIB and TMX experiments. Radial density profiles and n tau scaling with plasma radius and magnetic field agree with experimental data.

Futch, A.H.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Rational reductions of the 2D-Toda hierarchy and mirror symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce and study a two-parameter family of symmetry reductions of the two-dimensional Toda lattice hierarchy, which are characterized by a rational factorization of the Lax operator into a product of an upper diagonal and the inverse of a lower diagonal formal difference operator. They subsume and generalize several classical 1 + 1 integrable hierarchies, such as the bigraded Toda hierarchy, the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy and E. Frenkel's q-deformed Gelfand-Dickey hierarchy. We establish their characterization in terms of block Toeplitz matrices for the associated factorization problem, and study their Hamiltonian structure. At the dispersionless level, we show how the Takasaki-Takebe classical limit gives rise to a family of non-conformal Frobenius manifolds with flat identity. We use this to generalize the relation of the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy to Gromov-Witten theory by proving an analogous mirror theorem for rational reductions: in particular, we show that the dual-type Frobenius manifolds we obtain are isomorphic to the equivariant quantum cohomology of a family of toric Calabi-Yau threefolds obtained from minimal resolutions of the local orbifold line.

Andrea Brini; Guido Carlet; Stefano Romano; Paolo Rossi

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

379

High?quality focused?ion?beam?made mirrors for InGaP/InGaAlP visible?laser diodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We employed a focused ion beam(FIB) to sputter the end mirrors on InGaP/InGaAlP laser diodes. This particular diode operates at a wavelength of about 670 nm. For this wavelength the quality of the sputteredmirrors is far more critical than for longer wavelength devices. The present lasers do in fact show a relatively large increase in their threshold current after FIBmicromachining. In this article we investigate the origins of this increase and how to prevent it. After optimization the lasers with a FIB?made end mirror have a threshold current comparable to that of cleaved?facet devices. We have seen that the polycrystalline structure of the device metallization on top of the laser diode causes roughening of the mirror during sputtering which results in severe scatter losses of the laser light. A method to decrease the surface roughness is given. A further reason for the increase in threshold current is optical absorption at the mirror presumably by a Ga?rich layer. This can be circumvented by chemical etching after FIB treatment to remove the absorbing layer. Finally to demonstrate the quality and the applicability of the FIB?made mirrors the influence of the tilt angle of the end mirror on the threshold current of the laser has been investigated. This dependency can be excellently described by theory.

M. H. F. Overwijk; J. A. de Poorter

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Improved Methodology to Measure Normal Incident Solar Radiation with a Multi-Pyranometer Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and south sensors and one for the east and west sensors. The solution for the east and west sensors is expanded to two new solutions by mirroring their readings according to the solar noon; each real measurement and its mirrored values generate a solution..., which was originally developed approximately 30 years back, Hämäläinen et al. [1] developed an instrument, which included 25 solar radiation sensors mounted on a metal hemisphere. Since then, many other have further studied how to simplify...

Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Haberl, Jeff; Sun, Yifu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Normal Agricultural Operations and Dove Hunting in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: baiting Doves are migratory birds, and dove hunting is therefore regulated by the Federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act, which specifically prohibits baiting. Under federal law, baiting is the direct or indirect placing, exposing, depositing, distributing... considers this acceptable to hunt over. A problem arises, however, as to what constitutes a ?normal agricultural operation.? For the purpose of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act ?normal agricultural operation? means a normal agricultural planting...

Redmon, Larry

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Coordination of multiple appendages in drag-based swimming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...around the swimming krill body...contribute to the efficiency of locomotion...changes its swimming speed by changing...per cent less energy to cover the...restrained in a pool of water in...mechanical efficiency depends on...the legs. Swimming is considered...component of energy expenditure...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

E-Print Network 3.0 - astrocytes normalizes revascularization...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: astrocytes normalizes revascularization Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Brain Research 896 (2001) 8695 www.elsevier.comlocatebres Summary: Astrocytes are an ideal...

384

B-2 Bomber During In-flight Refueling Normal Heart  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Bomber During In-flight Refueling Normal Heart Image Technology to Detect Concealed Nuclear Material in Trucks and Cargo Containers Single Abnormality Possible Heart Attack Disc...

385

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading...

386

Measurements of radial profiles of ion cyclotron resonance heating on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A small Radial Energy Analyzer (REA) was used on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U), at Lawerence Livermore National Laboratory, to investigate the radial profiles of ion temperature, density, and plasma potential during Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ICRH). The probe has been inserted into the central-cell plasma at temperatures of 200 eV and densities of 3 x 10/sup 12/cm/sup /minus 3// without damage to the probe, or major degradation of the plasma. This analyzer has indicated an increase in ion temperature from near 20 eV before ICRH to near 150 eV during ICRH, with about 60 kW of broadcast power. The REA measurements were cross-checked against other diagnostics on TMX-U and found to be consistent. The ion density measurement was compared to the line-density measured by microwave interferometry and found to agree within 10 to 20%. A radial intergral of n/sub i/T/sub i/ as measured by the REA shows good agreement with the diamagnetic loop measurement of plasma energy. The radial density profile is observed to broaden during the RF heating pulses, without inducing additional radial losses in the core plasma. The radial profile of plasma is seen to vary from axially peaked, to nearly flat as the plasma conditions carried over the series of experiments. To relate the increase in ion temperature to power absorbed by the plasma, a power balance as a function of radius was performed. The RF power absorbed is set equal to the sum of the losses during ICRH, minus those without ICRH. This method accounts for more than 70% of the broadcast power using a simple power balance model. The measured radial profile of the RF heating was compared to the calculations of two codes, ANTENA and GARFIELD, to test their effectiveness as predictors of power absorption profiles for TMX-U. 62 refs., 63 figs., 7 tabs.

Falabella, S.

1988-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

387

Experimental results from TMX-U. [Tandem Mirror Experiment-Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the recent results from the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Update(TMX-U). Many of these results can be divided into two major areas: (1) axial confinement and plasma potential, and (2) radial transport and total confinement (i.e., particle balance). Among the key observations to be discussed are the following: When the ion-confining potential theta/sub ic/ is small, theta/sub ic//T/sub i/ approx. 1 to 2, the axial confinement time scales as the theoretical Pastukhov time. Deep thermal barriers (theta/sub b/ approx. 0.7 kV, theta/sub b//T/sub e/ approx. 6 to 7) have been measured, but there is no strong correlation between ion-confining potential and the thermal-barrier depth. By installing a calibrated H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission diagnostic to measure the ionization current, we have quantified particle balance between the ionization source current and the four plasma current channels: (1) axial losses, (2) nonambipolar radial losses, (3) ambipolar radial losses, and (4) density changes. All current channels are directly measured except for the ambipolar current, which is inferred from the particle balance equation. TMX-U operation above 1 to 3 x 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ is dominated by current channel (1) and below 1 x 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ by one or more of the remaining three channels. Central-cell particle buildup has been observed for one or two e-foldings and, within the radial core, found consistent with particle balance.

Correll, D.L.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Conformal Deformation from Normal to Hermitian Random Matrix Ensembles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the eigenvalues statistics of ensembles of normal random matrices when their order N tends to infinite. In the model the eigenvalues have uniform density within a region determined by a simple analytic polynomial curve. We study the conformal deformations of normal random ensembles to Hermitian random ensembles and give sufficient conditions for the latter to be a Wigner ensemble.

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

389

SMITH NORMAL FORM OF A MULTIVARIATE MATRIX ASSOCIATED WITH PARTITIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORM OF A MULTIVARIATE MATRIX ASSOCIATED WITH PARTITIONS CHRISTINE BESSENRODT polynomials, and by determining not only the deter- minant but also the Smith normal form of these matrices. A priori the Smith form need not exist but its existence follows from the explicit computation

390

Numerical algorithms for the computation of the Smith normal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical algorithms for the computation of the Smith normal form of integral matrices C of the Smith normal form of integral matrices are described. More specifically, the com­ pound matrix method of the algorithms. AMS Subject Classification: Primary 65F30, Secondary 15A21, 15A36. Key words and phrases: Smith

Seberry, Jennifer

391

Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark School of Mathematical Sciences Queen;Abstract The normal curve has been used to fit the rate of both world and U.S.A. oil production. In this paper we give the first theoretical basis for these curve fittings. It is well known that oil field

Stark, Dudley

392

Normalized Auditory Attention Levels for Automatic Audio Surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, subway train, sport stadium, etc). Keywords: Public security, audio surveillance, normalized auditoryNormalized Auditory Attention Levels for Automatic Audio Surveillance L. Couvreur, F. Bettens, J In this paper, we define features that can be computed along audio signals in order to assess the level

Dupont, Stéphane

393

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Demonstration of Approach and Results of Used Fuel Performance Characterization Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Demonstration of Approach and Results of Used Fuel Performance Characterization This report provides results of the initial demonstration of the modeling capability developed to perform preliminary deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and normal conditions of transport (NCT) conditions. This report also provides results from the sensitivity studies, and discussion on the long-term goals and objectives of this

394

Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample. 5 figs.

Vo-Dinh, T.; Panjehpour, M.; Overholt, B.F.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

395

Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Panjehpour, Masoud (Knoxville, TN); Overholt, Bergein F. (Knoxville, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Discover Jacksonville | Ultimate Jaguars | First Coast Fugitives | Internet Directory | Jax2Go Wireless Water's Edge magazine | H for Health magazine | Jax Air News | Mayport Mirror | Kings Bay Periscope | Ultimate Yellow Pages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wireless Water's Edge magazine | H for Health magazine | Jax Air News | Mayport Mirror | Kings Bay Manatee County Port Authority Central Florida: Furniture Refinishers Sub- Contract Leathersmith

Richardson, Martin C.

397

Resonance Effects in Photoemission from TiO2-capped Mo/Si Multilayer Mirrors for Extreme Ultraviolet Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the unbaked vacuum systems of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography steppers, oxide formation and carbon growth on Mo/Si multilayer mirrors (MLMs) are competing processes leading to reflectivity loss. A major contribution to this mirror degradation is a series of surface reactions that are thought to be driven in large part by photoemitted electrons. In this paper, we focus on the resonance effects in photoemission from Mo/Si MLMs protected by thin TiO{sub 2} cap layers. In the vicinity of the resonant energy of the mirror, the energy flux of the EUV radiation forming standing wave oscillates throughout the multilayer stack. As a result, light absorption followed by the emission of photoelectrons becomes a complex process that varies rapidly with depth and photon energy. The electron emission is characterized as a function of the EUV photon energy, the angle of incidence, and the position of the standing wave with respect to the solid/vacuum interface. In our experiments, the position of the standing wave was controlled both by deliberately varying the thickness of the Si terminating layer (of the Mo/Si stack) and by depositing C films of various thicknesses on the TiO{sub 2}. The experimental data are compared with model simulations to examine the changes in photoemission yield due to the presence of carbon and to the changes in the position of the standing wave. We find that carbon deposition can have a dramatic impact on the yield and, therefore, on the rates of electron mediated reactions at the surface.

N Faradzhev; B Yakshinskiy; E Starodub; T Madey; S Hill; S Grantham; T Lucatorto; S Yulin; E Vescovo; J Keister

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

398

Spectrally selective laminated glazing consisting of solar control and heat mirror coated glass: preparation, characterization and modelling of heat transfer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, solar control coatings were prepared by sequential depositions of thin films of ZnS (40 nm)–CuS (150 nm) and ZnS (40 nm)–Bi2S3 (75 nm)–CuS (150 nm) from chemical baths on 3 mm thick commercial sheet glass. These were laminated to 3 mm thick clear glass or commercially available SnO2 based heat mirror coating of sheet resistance 15 ? on float glass of 3 mm thickness using a poly(ethylene vinyl acetate), EVA, sheet of 0.36 mm thickness in a vacuum process at 120 °C for 30 min. In total, the thickness of the glazing was 6.35 mm. The glazings possess visible transmittance, weighted for D65 solar spectra and sensitivity of the human eye for daylight vision, of 36% or 14% with solar absorptance of 71% or 78% depending on the coating type, i.e ZnS–CuS or ZnS–Bi2S3–CuS-heat mirror respectively. The solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) was evaluated for these glazings at exterior temperatures of 15 and 32 °C for an exterior convective heat transfer coefficient (hex) of 6–100 Wm?2 K?1 using a mathematical model. The model predicts the extent of reduction in SHGC through the presence of the heat mirror coating as a function of hex and hence helps to decide on the relative benefit, which may be derived through their use in different locations. Though the deposition technique mentioned here involves longer duration compared with vacuum techniques, it may be developed into a low throughput, low-capital alternate technology for small-scale production.

G. Alvarez; J.J. Flores; J.O. Aguilar; O. Gómez-Daza; C.A. Estrada; M.T.S. Nair; P.K. Nair

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A Review of "Hall of Mirrors: Power, Witchcraft, and Caste in Colonial Mexico" by Laura A. Lewis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.95 cloth; $22.95 paperback. Review by patricia m. garc?a, the university of texas at austin. Laura A. Lewis?s Hall of Mirrors: Power, Witchcraft, and Caste in Co- lonial Mexico begins with the first of many case histories of men and women accused... witchcraft) and within the system as they maintained a protected legal status exempting them from court proceedings and from enslavement. Chapter two, ?The Roads are Harsh: Spanish and Indians in the Sanctioned Domain,? examines such relationships...

Garcia, Patricia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Potential Structure Modified by Electron Cyclotron Resonance in a Plasma Flow along Magnetic Field Lines with Mirror Configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A plasma potential structure is modified by the electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) in a collisionless plasma flow along magnetic field lines with simple mirror configuration. In the presence of a single ECR point at the bottom of the magnetic well, there appears a potential dip (thermal barrier) around this point, being followed by a potential hump (plug potential) in the downstream side. The result in this simplified configuration gives a clear-cut physics to the formation of field-aligned plug potential with thermal barrier.

T. Kaneko; R. Hatakeyama; N. Sato

1998-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Two-stream cyclotron radiative instabilities due to the marginally mirror-trapped fraction for fustion alphas in tokamaks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is shown here that the marginally mirror-trapped fraction of the newly-born fusion alpha particles in the deuterium-tritium (DT) reaction dominated tokamak plasmas can induce a two-stream cyclotron radiative instability for the fast Alfven waves propagating near the harmonics of the alpha particle cyclotron frequency {omega}{sub c{alpha}}. This can explain both the experimentally observed time behavior and the spatially localized origin of the fusion product ion cyclotron emission (ICE) in TFTR at frequencies {omega} {approx} m{omega}{sub c{alpha}}.

Arunasalam, V.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Hot electrons in the anchor region of the axicell design of the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The axicell design of the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) requires electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) up to average electron energies of as high as 450 keV. These temperatures, plus the magnetic field and plasma beta profiles, lead to the requirement for three frequencies-28, 35, and 56 (or 60) GHz. Power balance studies include the effects of scattering, drag, synchrotron radiation, and cold electron production, and they predict that about 600 kW of ECRH power is needed at each end of MFTF.

Shearer, J.W.

1982-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

403

Multi-species Fokker-Planck calculations for D-T and D-3He mirror reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Values of the confinement parameter ntau and the figure of merit Q (the ratio of thermonuclear power to injected power) are obtained for postulated reactor conditions. The heart of the work is the numerical solution, under tested assumptions, of the coupled Fokker-Planck equations for as many as six charged species. A study is made of D-T and D-3He fuel cycles, including reaction products, in the following parameter ranges: mirror ratio, 2m03He fraction for the D-3He cycle, 0.05HeDTDHe

A H Futch Jr; J P Holdren; J Killeen; A A Mirin

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Thermal springs associated with normal faults in Utah have been analyzed for major cations and anions, and oxygen and hydrogen isotopes. Springs with measured temperatures averaging greater than 40°C are characterized by Na + K- and SO4 + Cl-rich waters containing 103 to 104 mg/l of dissolved solids. Lower temperature springs, averaging less than 40°C, are more enriched in Ca + Mg relative to Na + K. Chemical variations monitored through time in selected thermal springs are probably produced by

405

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Application of thermochronological techniques to major normal fault systems can resolve the timing of initiation and duration of extension, rates of motion on detachment faults, timing of ductile mylonite formation and passage of rocks through the crystal-plastic to brittle transition, and multiple events of extensional unroofing. Here we determine

406

Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA. In: Transactions. GRC Anual Meeting; 2011/10/23; San Diego, CA. Davis, CA: Geothermal Resources Council; p. 777-783

407

Activity Stream - Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dataset Activity Stream Activity Stream Jay Huggins updated the dataset Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 6 days ago Jay Huggins added the...

408

Deconvolution in Random Effects Models via Normal Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation describes a minimum distance method for density estimation when the variable of interest is not directly observed. It is assumed that the underlying target density can be well approximated by a mixture of normals. The method...

Litton, Nathaniel A.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

409

Characteristics of Wind Turbines Under Normal and Fault Conditions: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the characteristics of a variable-speed wind turbine connected to a stiff or weak grid under normal and fault conditions and the role of reactive power compensation.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.; Parsons, B.; Ellis, A.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Computing Simplicial Homology Based on Efficient Smith Normal Form Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in general are sparse. We provide a review of several al- gorithms for the calculation of Smith Normal Form defined by ieA = i j=0 (-1)j eA\\{aj }, where A = {a0

Dumas, Jean-Guillaume

411

Three mirror off axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy for the detection of ethylene using a quantum cascade laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We demonstrate the performance of a compact and robust gas sensor based on a pulsed distributed feedback quantum cascade laser (QCL, laser pulses 30 ns, repetition rate 1 MHz) in combination with off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy (OA-ICOS) in an improved 3 mirror configuration. The room temperature laser (wavelength 915 cm?1) was wavelength tuned over ?0.25 cm?1 with a 4 kHz repetition frequency. A detection limit of 10 ppbv (part-per-billion volume) for regular OA-ICOS is demonstrated for ethylene in 2 min averaging time, which is equal to a noise equivalent absorption sensitivity (NEAS) of 1 × 10?8 cm?1 Hz?1/2. An improved three mirror configuration OA-ICOS scheme showed a four times increase in sensitivity as compared to standard OA-ICOS, resulting in a NEAS of 2.5 × 10?9 cm?1 Hz?1/2. The sensor was used for ethylene detection from apples, stored under controlled atmosphere conditions.

R. Centeno; J. Mandon; S.M. Cristescu; F.J.M. Harren

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

A proposed design and fabrication of lenses and mirrors from a set of spherical rings that produce desired energy distributions for solar energy applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The amount of energy contained in the solar aureole affects the performance of solar systems. Solar optical systems are, therefore, dependent on the characteristics of the shape of the sun in a specific geographical location. For this reason, the present study proposes the design of solid lenses and mirrors modelled from a set of concentric spherical rings that give a desired distribution of energy in the focal plane. One hundred spherical rings, whose optimum curvature radius values were calculated by Genetic Algorithms, were employed in the modelling process. The study also proposes a design of a petal tool to polish lens and mirror surfaces. (author)

Gonzalez-Garcia, Jorge [Universidad Tecnologica de la Mixteca UTM, Km 2.5 Carretera a Acatlima, Huajuapan de Leon Oaxaca, C. P. 69000 (Mexico); Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla BUAP, Apartado Postal 1152, 72570 Puebla (Mexico); Vazquez-Montiel, Sergio [Instituto de Optica, Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica INAOE, Santa Maria, Tonantzintla Puebla, Apartado Postal 51 y 216 (Mexico); Santiago-Alvarado, Agustin [Universidad Tecnologica de la Mixteca UTM, Km 2.5 Carretera a Acatlima, Huajuapan de Leon Oaxaca, C. P. 69000 (Mexico); Instituto de Optica, Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica INAOE, Santa Maria, Tonantzintla Puebla, Apartado Postal 51 y 216 (Mexico); Cordero-Davila, Alberto [Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla BUAP, Apartado Postal 1152, 72570 Puebla (Mexico); Castro-Gonzalez, Graciela [Universidad Tecnologica de la Mixteca UTM, Km 2.5 Carretera a Acatlima, Huajuapan de Leon Oaxaca, C. P. 69000 (Mexico)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

VOLUME 76, NUMBER 1 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 1 JANUARY 1996 First Study of Heavy-Ion Mirror Charge Exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are nuclear reaction studies with mirror nuclear pairs, since only one member of a mirror pair can be stable accessible excitation energy range. Charge-exchange p, n reactions at energies above 100 MeV have long been, since they involve the detection of rather low-energy neutrons. Furthermore, experiments in the b1

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

414

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

415

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

416

Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to appropriate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. This invention also provides normalized cDNA libraries generated by the above-described method and uses of the generated libraries.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name A complete and normalized 61850 substation Country Spain Headquarters Location Madrid, Spain Coordinates 40.488735°, -3.284912° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.488735,"lon":-3.284912,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

418

Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Metamaterial mirrors in optoelectronic devices Majid Esfandyarpour1, Erik C. Garnett1, Yi Cui1,2, Michael D. McGehee1 and Mark L. Brongersma1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metamaterial mirrors in optoelectronic devices Majid Esfandyarpour1, Erik C. Garnett1, Yi Cui1 is highly undesirable in optoelectronic devices that use metal films as both electrical contacts and optical optoelectronic devices becomes obvious when an active semiconductor layer is placed in direct contact

Cui, Yi

420

Effects of end cell ion cyclotron fluctuations on central-cell ion confinement in the tandem mirror experiment (TMX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tandem mirror device (TMX) exhibits gross stability to both MHD and microinstability modes. The end-cell plasmas provide the tandem with average minimum-B stability, while the efflux of plasma from the central cell maintains the end cells (plugs) at marginal stability to loss cone modes. For some operating conditions, a residual level of plug ion cyclotron fluctuations is detected. These oscillations dominate the fluctuation frequency spectra in both the plugs and the central cell. The presence of plug ion cyclotron fluctuations in the central cell leads to resonance heating of some of the central cell ions. This heating degrades the confinement of the central cell ions; thereby increasing the amount of warm plasma stream flowing through the plugs.

Grubb, D.P.; Casper, T.A.; Clauser, J.F.

1980-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT FUNCTIONALS VIAÃ?th University Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia Abstract The basic idea of density functional theory is to map potential which is a functional of the density. The central task of density functional theory is to #12;nd

Gross, E.K.U.

422

The Normal Vibrations of Bridged X$_{2}$ Y$_{6}$ Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...evidence that diborane has a bridge configuration rather than...that the terminal B-H links are normal single...the bonds forming the bridge are considerably weaker...greater length of the bridge links, and the small...hypothetical reaction 2BH B H involves the absorption...

1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Liquidliquid separation in solutions of normal and sickle cell hemoglobin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Liquid­liquid separation in solutions of normal and sickle cell hemoglobin Oleg Galkin*, Kai Chen, Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center, Bronx, NY 10461 Edited by John M. Prausnitz, University of California the nucleation of HbS polymers, whose formation is the primary pathogenic event for sickle cell anemia. In view

Vekilov, Peter

424

Oddelek za ziko Normal modes in the atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weather prediction. In section 3 I concentrate on the normal modes of a very simple model, shallow water #12;Numerical weather prediction is an initial condition problem. That means we need ini- tial-gravity waves just play their role, but in numerical models of the atmosphere, they can cause huge problems. 1

Â?umer, Slobodan

425

Some Properties of Realcompact Subspaces and Coarser Normal Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

William Fleissner. In 1997 Buzjakova proved that for a pseudocompact space X, there exists an ordinal such that the product of X and that ordinal condenses onto a normal space if and only if X condenses onto a compact space. In the third chapter, we extend...

Niknejad, Jila

2009-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

426

Rates of Convergence of Extremes from Skew Normal Samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a standard skew-normal distribution with shape parameter R (written as X SN()) if its probability density); population structure of Schima superba in Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve (Liu et al., 2011); rain); modeling of seasonal rainfall in Africa (Siebert and Ward, 2011); modeling of HIV viral loads

Sidorov, Nikita

427

NAVARRO VERTICES AND NORMAL SUBGROUPS IN GROUPS OF ODD ORDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NAVARRO VERTICES AND NORMAL SUBGROUPS IN GROUPS OF ODD ORDER JAMES P. COSSEY Abstract. Let p be a prime and suppose G is a finite solvable group and is an ordinary irreducible character of G. Navarro character of Q, which is unique up to conjugacy. This pair is called the Navarro vertex

Cossey, James P.

428

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative normal state Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electrotechnical devices to a normal state at an exceeding... with regard to a nucleate boiling regime (curve 1) these states correspond to a normal (point "al... that the...

429

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolutely normal bone Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

females (N 49). The data set consisted of bone biopsies from normal and vertebral fracture subjects... microradiographic studies of normal and oste- oporotic ... Source: Ecole...

430

Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Abstract: Microarray analysis indicated...

431

Measurement of normal contact stiffness of fractal rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effects of roughness and fractality on the normal contact stiffness of rough surfaces. Samples of isotropically roughened aluminium surfaces are considered. The roughness and fractal dimension were altered through blasting using different sized particles. Subsequently, surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was applied to the surfaces in order to modify the surface at the microscale. The surface topology was characterised by interferometry based profilometry. The normal contact stiffness was measured through nanoindentation with a flat tip utilising the partial unloading method. We focus on establishing the relationships between surface stiffness and roughness, combined with the effects of fractal dimension. The experimental results, for a wide range of surfaces, showed that the measured contact stiffness depended very closely on surfaces' root mean squared (RMS) slope and their fractal dimension, with correlation coefficients of around 90\\%, whilst a relatively weak correlation coefficient of 57\\% was found between the contact stiffness and RMS roughness.

Chongpu Zhai; Sébastien Bevand; Yixiang Gan; Dorian Hanaor; Gwénaëlle Proust; Bruno Guelorget; Delphine Retraint

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

432

Procedure for normalization of cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a cDNA library constructed in a vector capable of being converted to single-stranded circles and capable of producing complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles comprising: (a) converting the cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles; (c) hybridizing the single-stranded circles converted in step (a) with complementary nucleic acid molecules of step (b) to produce partial duplexes to an appropriate Cot; (e) separating the unhybridized single-stranded circles from the hybridized single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Bonaldo, Maria DeFatima (New York, NY); Soares, Marcelo Bento (New York, NY)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the design fabrication and performance test of a quasi three-dimensional carpet cloak made of normal dielectric in the microwave regime. Taking advantage of a simple linear coordinate transformation we design a carpet cloak with homogeneous anisotropic medium and then practically realize the device with multilayer of alternating normal dielectric slabs based on the effective medium theory. As a proof-of-concept example we fabricate the carpet cloak with multilayer of FR4 dielectric slabs with air spacing. The performance of the fabricated design is verified through full-wave numerical simulation and measurement of the far-field scattering electromagnetic waves in a microwave anechoic chamber. Experimental results have demonstrated pronounced cloaking effect in a very broad band from 8 GHz to 18 GHz (whole X and Ku band) due to the low loss non-dispersive feature of the multilayerdielectricstructure.

Xiaofei Xu; Yijun Feng; Shuai Xiong; Jinlong Fan; Jun-Ming Zhao; Tian Jiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Geometry and development of relay ramps in normal fault systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Normal fault zones play a major role in the development of basins and in the migration and trapping of hydrocarbons. The mapping of normal fault systems using seismic data requires careful correlation of faults on adjacent sections, a procedure that often leads to the interpretation of faults as having long, continuous, sinuous traces. Recent work involving detailed mapping of fault traces, first by using land exposures but more recently using three-dimensional seismics, has demonstrated that faults are usually made up of many overstepping segments, linked by areas of complex deformation, termed transfer zones or relay ramps. Relay ramps occur between normal fault segments that overstep in map view. The geometry and evolution of exposure-scale relay ramps are described from the Somerset coast, England, and are compared with larger scale ramps from elsewhere. Relay ramps can be classified into four groups based on the degree of interaction and linkage between the overstepping segments; these groups are interpreted as being evolutionary stages. In stage 1, the segments do not interact. Stage 2 involves the reorientation of bedding between two interacting faults to produce a relay ramp. In stage 3, connecting fractures start to break the relay ramp. Stage 4 is when the relay ramp is destroyed to produce a single fault that has an along-strike bend. These evolutionary stages can develop through time, but they can also be seen spatially. A branch line between normal faults or an along-strike bend may represent a stage 4 relay, with progressively earlier stages occurring updip or downdip. Characteristic variability in displacement-distance profiles for fault segments and linked faults accompanies the interaction and linkage processes. Displacement transfer by relay ramps is accompanied by steep displacement gradients along fault segments at oversteps. Relay ramps often contribute to a minimum in total fault displacement at a linkage point. 47 refs., 16 figs.

Peacock, D.C.P. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom) Univ. of Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)); Sanderson, D.J. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Normal completely positive maps on the space of quantum operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define a class of higher-order linear maps that transform quantum operations into quantum operations and satisfy suitable requirements of normality and complete positivity. For this class of maps we prove two dilation theorems which are the analogues of the Stinespring and Radon-Nikodym theorems for quantum operations. A structure theorem for probability measures with values in this class of higher-order maps is also derived.

Chiribella, G; Umanità, V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Higher-Rank Numerical Ranges of Unitary and Normal Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We verify a conjecture on the structure of higher-rank numerical ranges for a wide class of unitary and normal matrices. Using analytic and geometric techniques, we show precisely how the higher-rank numerical ranges for a generic unitary matrix are given by complex polygons determined by the spectral structure of the matrix. We discuss applications of the results to quantum error correction, specifically to the problem of identification and construction of codes for binary unitary noise models.

Man-Duen Choi; John A. Holbrook; David W. Kribs; Karol Zyczkowski

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

437

The plucked string: an example of non-normal dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motion of a single Fourier mode of the plucked string is an example of transient, free decay of coupled, damped oscillators. It shares the rarely discussed features of the generic case, e.g., possessing a complete set of non-orthogonal eigenvectors and no normal modes, but it can be analyzed and solved analytically by hand in an approximation that is appropriate to musical instruments' plucked strings.

Politzer, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Morphometric and geometric characterization of normal faults on Mars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Using three different approaches (fault plane fitting, 3D crater rim palinspatic restorations and fault scarps morphometric analysis) we investigate the geometry and degradation history of Martian normal faults in two distinct areas. The three independent methods produce similar results, indicating that the average dip angle of the normal faults on these two locations is probably below the value that is usually assumed for Mars (?60°). Our best estimate for this average dip angle is 46.8 ± 9.8 ° , which is a value comparable with the mean dip angle inferred on Earth for seismically active normal faults. This lower average dip angle implies that all the rift strain estimates performed until now might be underestimated. From the comparative analysis of the two faulted regions (Phlegethon Catena and Claritas Fossae), we show that local and regional dip variabilities may exist on Mars. This reinforces the idea that the amount of extension associated with Martian rifts must be reconsidered. We also demonstrate the advantages of performing a comparative morphometric analysis of fault scarps. This approach enables the reconstruction of the faults scarps degradation history and can be used to evaluate how environmental conditions changed through time. After modeling the degradation of the fault scarps at the two sites we conclude that the observed morphometric variations are mainly due to the different faulting ages in an environment characterized by low scarp degradation rates ( 4 × 10 ? 3 m 2 / kyr ) over the last 3 Ga.

David A. Vaz; Mauro G. Spagnuolo; Simone Silvestro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Surface tension with Normal Curvature in Curved Space-Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With an aim to include the contribution of surface tension in the action of the boundary, we define the tangential pressure in terms of surface tension and Normal curvature in a more naturally geometric way. First, we show that the negative tangential pressure is independent of the four-velocity of a very thin hyper-surface. Second, we relate the 3-pressure of a surface layer to the normal curvature and the surface tension. Third, we relate the surface tension to the energy of the surface layer. Four, we show that the delta like energy flows across the hyper-surface will be zero for such a representation of intrinsic 3-pressure. Five, for the weak field approximation and for static spherically symmetric configuration, we deduce the classical Kelvin's relation. Six, we write a modified action for the boundary having contributions both from surface tension and normal curvature of the surface layer. Also we propose a method to find the physical action assuming a reference background, where the background is not flat.

Himanshu kumar; Sharf Alam; Suhail Ahmad

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A Statistical Selection Strategy for Normalization Procedures in LC-MS Proteomics Experiments through Dataset Dependent Ranking of Normalization Scaling Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantification of LC-MS peak intensities assigned during peptide identification in a typical comparative proteomics experiment will deviate from run-to-run of the instrument due to both technical and biological variation. Thus, normalization of peak intensities across a LC-MS proteomics dataset is a fundamental step in pre-processing. However, the downstream analysis of LC-MS proteomics data can be dramatically affected by the normalization method selected . Current normalization procedures for LC-MS proteomics data are presented in the context of normalization values derived from subsets of the full collection of identified peptides. The distribution of these normalization values is unknown a priori. If they are not independent from the biological factors associated with the experiment the normalization process can introduce bias into the data, which will affect downstream statistical biomarker discovery. We present a novel approach to evaluate normalization strategies, where a normalization strategy includes the peptide selection component associated with the derivation of normalization values. Our approach evaluates the effect of normalization on the between-group variance structure in order to identify candidate normalization strategies that improve the structure of the data without introducing bias into the normalized peak intensities.

Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Matzke, Melissa M.; Jacobs, Jon M.; Pounds, Joel G.; Waters, Katrina M.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES PETER SIN Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence matrices. A general discussion of techniques is illustrated, the fundamental invariant is the Smith normal form of A, whose definition we now recall. A square integer matrix

Sin, Peter

442

High-energy chirally-coupled-core Yb-fiber laser with high-dispersion mirror compressor to achieve 1W-level, sub-100fs pulses with diffraction-limited beam quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a high-energy femtosecond laser system with two rapidly advancing technologies: 3C LMA fiber to ensure single-mode operation and high-dispersion mirror to enable...

Chen, Hung-Wen; Sosnowski, Tom; Liu, Chi-Hung; Chen, Li-Jin; Birge, Jonathan; Galvanauskas, Almantas; Kärtner, Franz; Chang, Guoqing

443

Task II: ECRH and transport modeling in tandem mirrors and divertor physics. Annual progress report on fusion plasma theory, January 1, 1983-December 31, 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research performed under Task II of this contract has focused on (1) the coupling of an ECRH ray tracing and absorption code to a tandem mirror transport code in order to self-consistently model the temporal and spatial evolution of the plasma, and (2) the further development of a semi-analytical kinetic model for plasma flow in divertors and pumped limiters. Work on these topics is briefly summarized in this progress report.

Emmert, G.A.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Tuning extreme ultraviolet emission for optimum coupling with multilayer mirrors for future lithography through control of ionic charge states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the identification of the optimum plasma conditions for a laser-produced plasma source for efficient coupling with multilayer mirrors at 6.x nm for beyond extreme ultraviolet lithography. A small shift to lower energies of the peak emission for Nd:YAG laser-produced gadolinium plasmas was observed with increasing laser power density. Charge-defined emission spectra were observed in electron beam ion trap (EBIT) studies and the charge states responsible identified by use of the flexible atomic code (FAC). The EBIT spectra displayed a larger systematic shift of the peak wavelength of intense emission at 6.x nm to longer wavelengths with increasing ionic charge. This combination of spectra enabled the key ion stage to be confirmed as Gd{sup 18+}, over a range of laser power densities, with contributions from Gd{sup 17+} and Gd{sup 19+} responsible for the slight shift to longer wavelengths in the laser-plasma spectra. The FAC calculation also identified the origin of observed out-of-band emission and the charge states responsible.

Ohashi, Hayato, E-mail: ohashi@cc.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp; Higashiguchi, Takeshi, E-mail: higashi@cc.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp; Suzuki, Yuhei; Kawasaki, Masato [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Li, Bowen; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Kanehara, Tatsuhiko; Aida, Yuya; Nakamura, Nobuyuki [Institute for Laser Science, The University of Electro-Communications, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan); Torii, Shuichi; Makimura, Tetsuya [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

445

The ASTRI Project: prototype status and future plans for a Cherenkov dual-mirror small-telescope array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRI ("Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Replicante Italiana") is a flagship project of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research. Within this framework, INAF is currently developing a wide field of view (9.6 degrees in diameter) end-to-end prototype of the CTA small-size telescope (SST), devoted to the investigation of the energy range from a fraction of TeV up to tens of TeVs, and scheduled to start data acquisition in 2014. For the first time, a dual-mirror Schwarzschild-Couder optical design will be adopted on a Cherenkov telescope, in order to obtain a compact optical configuration. A second challenging, but innovative technical solution consists of a modular focal surface camera based on Silicon photo-multipliers with a logical pixel size of 6.2mm x 6.2mm. Here we describe the current status of the project, the expected performance, and its possible evolution in terms of an SST mini-array. This CTA-SST precursor, composed of a few SSTs and developed in collaboration with CTA interna...

Vercellone, S; Maccarone, M C; Di Pierro, F; Vallania, P; Bonnoli, G; Canestrari, R; Pareschi, G; Tosti, G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Combinatorics and Boson normal ordering: A gentle introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a general combinatorial framework for operator ordering problems by applying it to the normal ordering of the powers and exponential of the boson number operator. The solution of the problem is given in terms of Bell and Stirling numbers enumerating partitions of a set. This framework reveals several inherent relations between ordering problems and combinatorial objects, and displays the analytical background to Wick's theorem. The methodology can be straightforwardly generalized from the simple example given herein to a wide class of operators.

Blasiak, P; Penson, K A; Solomon, A I; Duchamp, G H E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Combinatorics and Boson normal ordering: A gentle introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a general combinatorial framework for operator ordering problems by applying it to the normal ordering of the powers and exponential of the boson number operator. The solution of the problem is given in terms of Bell and Stirling numbers enumerating partitions of a set. This framework reveals several inherent relations between ordering problems and combinatorial objects, and displays the analytical background to Wick's theorem. The methodology can be straightforwardly generalized from the simple example given herein to a wide class of operators.

P. Blasiak; A. Horzela; K. A. Penson; A. I. Solomon; G. H. E. Duchamp

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

448

Frequency combs and platicons in optical microresonators with normal GVD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We predict the existence of a novel type of the flat-top dissipative solitonic pulses, "platicons", in microresonators with normal group velocity dispersion (GVD). We propose methods to generate these platicons from cw pump. Their duration may be altered significantly by tuning the pump frequency. The transformation of a discrete energy spectrum of dark solitons of the Lugiato-Lefever equation into a quasicontinuous spectrum of platicons is demonstrated. Generation of similar structures is also possible with bi-harmonic, phase/amplitude modulated pump or via laser injection locking.

Lobanov, V E; Kippenberg, T J; Gorodetsky, M L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Asymptotic normalization coefficients for B-10->Be-9+p  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

started the Asymptotic normalization coefficient A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, H. L. Clark, C. A. Gagliardi, Y.-W Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University V. Burjan, J. Cejpek Institute for Nuclear Physics, Czech Academ F. Carstoi Institute of Atomic...! the 7Be(p ,g)8B radiative capture cross section at ver astrophysics. @S0556-2813~97!02109-2# PACS number~s!: 25.70.Hi, 21.10.Jx, 24.10.Ht, 25.70.B I. INTRODUCTION Despite considerable experimental and theoretical progress in determining...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Clark, HL; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Lui, YW; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Xu, HM; Zhou, XG; Burjan, V.; Cejpek, J.; Kroha, V.; Carstoiu, F.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Crossover SAFT Equation of State:? Application for Normal Alkanes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crossover SAFT Equation of State:? Application for Normal Alkanes ... In this paper we develop a crossover modification of the statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT) equation of state for macromolecular chain fluids which incorporates the scaling laws asymptotically close to the critical point and is transformed into the original classical SAFT equation of state far away from the critical point. ... We show that, over a wide range of states, the crossover SAFT model yields a much better representation of the thermodynamic properties of pure fluids than the original SAFT equation of state. ...

S. B. Kiselev; J. F. Ely

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

451

A Normal Stellar Disk in the Galaxy Malin 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since its discovery, Malin 1 has been considered the prototype and most extreme example of the class of giant low surface brightness disk galaxies. Examination of an archival Hubble Space Telescope I-band image reveals that Malin 1 contains a normal stellar disk that was not previously recognized, having a central I-band surface brightness of mu_0 = 20.1 mag arcsec^-2 and a scale length of 4.8 kpc. Out to a radius of ~10 kpc, the structure of Malin 1 is that of a typical SB0/a galaxy. The remarkably extended, faint outer structure detected out to r~100 kpc appears to be a photometrically distinct component and not a simple extension of the inner disk. In terms of its disk scale length and central surface brightness, Malin 1 was originally found to be a very remote outlier relative to all other known disk galaxies. The presence of a disk of normal size and surface brightness in Malin 1 suggests that such extreme outliers in disk properties probably do not exist, but underscores the importance of the extended outer disk regions for a full understanding of the structure and formation of spiral galaxies.

A. J. Barth

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

452

Asymptotic normalization coefficients, spectroscopic factors, and direct radiative capture rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The summation over lB and jB is carried out over the values allowed by angular momentum and parity conser- vation in the virtual process B?A1p . The overlap function is the projection of the state wB onto the two-body channel wAwp . This projection..., the spectroscopic factor. The asymptotic behavior of the radial overlap function is given by IAplB jB B ~r ! ? r.RN CAplB jB B W 2hB ,lB11/2~2kBr ! r . ~3! Asymptotic normalization coefficients, spectroscopi A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, C. Cyclotron Institute...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Tribble, Robert E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Single-molecule kinetic energy of condensed normal deuterium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inelastic scattering of 300-meV neutrons allows the study of the liquid (T=20 and 30 K, saturated vapor pressure) and solid (T=4.2 K, saturated vapor pressure) phases of the normal deuterium mixture (2/3 o-D2+1/3 p-D2) in the region of momentum transfer where a single-molecule response is expected. The spectra are analyzed within the impulse approximation and assuming Gaussian momentum distributions for the translation of the molecules. For the solid, the estimated value of the single-molecule average kinetic energy does not compare unfavorably with those obtained scaling experimental results in parahydrogen solids. In the liquid state, substantial departures seem to exist from the classical liquid behavior, even if up to second-order quantum corrections are taken into account. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

F. J. Mompeán; M. García-Hernández; F. J. Bermejo; S. M. Bennington

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Insolation data manual and direct normal solar radiation data manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Insolation Data Manual presents monthly averaged data which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service (NWS) stations, principally in the United States. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24--25 years of data, generally from 1952--1975, and listed for each location. Insolation values represent monthly average daily totals of global radiation on a horizontal surface and are depicted using the three units of measurement: kJ/m{sup 2} per day, Btu/ft{sup 2} per day and langleys per day. Average daily maximum, minimum and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3 C (65 F). For each station, global {bar K}{sub T} (cloudiness index) values were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. Global {bar K}{sub T} is an index of cloudiness and indicates fractional transmittance of horizontal radiation, from the top of the atmosphere to the earth's surface. The second section of this volume presents long-term monthly and annual averages of direct normal solar radiation for 235 NWS stations, including a discussion of the basic derivation process. This effort is in response to a generally recognized need for reliable direct normal data and the recent availability of 23 years of hourly averages for 235 stations. The relative inaccessibility of these data on microfiche further justifies reproducing at least the long-term averages in a useful format. In addition to a definition of terms and an overview of the ADIPA model, a discussion of model validation results is presented.

none,

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Dark matter-motivated searches for exotic fourth-generation mirror quarks in Tevatron and early LHC data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We determine the prospects for finding dark matter at the Tevatron and LHC through the production of exotic fourth-generation mirror quarks T{sup '} that decay through T{sup '{yields}}tX, where X is dark matter. The resulting signal of tt+Ee{sub T} has not previously been considered in searches for fourth-generation quarks, but there are both general and specific dark matter motivations for this signal, and with slight modifications, this analysis applies to any scenario where invisible particles are produced in association with top quarks. Current direct and indirect bounds on such exotic quarks restrict their masses to be between 300 and 600 GeV, and the dark matter's mass may be anywhere below m{sub T}{sup '}. We simulate the signal and main backgrounds with MadGraph/MadEvent-Pythia-PGS4. For the Tevatron, we find that an integrated luminosity of 20 fb{sup -1} will allow 3{sigma} discovery up to m{sub T}{sup '}=400 GeV and 95% exclusion up to m{sub T}{sup '}=455 GeV. For the 10 TeV LHC with 300 pb{sup -1}, the discovery and exclusion sensitivities rise to 490 GeV and 600 GeV. These scenarios are therefore among the most promising for dark matter at colliders. Perhaps most interestingly, we find that dark matter models that can explain results from the DAMA, CDMS, and CoGeNT collaborations can be tested with high statistical significance using data already collected at the Tevatron and have extraordinarily promising implications for early runs of the LHC.

Alwall, Johan [Department of Physics and National Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Feng, Jonathan L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Kumar, Jason [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Su Shufang [Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Determination of the 3He+alpha\\to 7Be asymp. normalization coefficients (nucl. vertex constants) and their application for extrapolation of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astroph. S-factors to the solar energy region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new analysis of the modern precise measured astrophysical $S$ factors for the direct capture $^3He(\\alpha,\\gamma)^7{\\rm {Be}}$ reaction [B.S. Nara Singh {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 93}, 262503 (2004); D. Bemmerer {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 97}, 122502 (2006); F.Confortola {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev.C {\\bf 75}, 065803 (2007), T.A.D.Brown {\\it et al.}, Phys.Rev. C {\\bf 76}, 055801 (2007) and A Di Leva, {\\it et al.},Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 102}, 232502 (2009)] populating to the ground and first excited states of $^7{\\rm Be}$ is carried out based on the modified two - body potential approach. New estimates are obtained for the $^{\\glqq}$indirectly determined\\grqq\\, values of the asymptotic normalization constants (the nuclear vertex constants) for $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to{\\rm {^7Be}}$(g.s.) and $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to{\\rm {^7Be}}$(0.429 MeV) as well as the astrophysical $S$ factors $S_{34}(E)$ at E$\\le$ 90 keV, including $E$=0. The values of asymptotic normalization constants have been used for getting information about the $\\alpha$-particle spectroscopic factors for the mirror (${\\rm{^7Li}}{\\rm {^7Be}}$)-pair.

S. B. Igamov; Q. I. Tursunmahatov; R. Yarmukhamedov

2009-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

457

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation normal t-cell Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

normal t-cell Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activation normal t-cell Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 HIV Infection Model Math...

458

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dataset Activity Stream Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWhm2day for 1 year organized into...

459

Rapid acquisition of specular and diffuse normal maps from polarized spherical gradient illumination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We estimate surface normal maps of an object from either its diffuse or specular reflectance using four spherical gradient illumination patterns. In contrast to traditional photometric stereo, the spherical patterns allow normals to be estimated simultaneously ...

Wan-Chun Ma; Tim Hawkins; Pieter Peers; Charles-Felix Chabert; Malte Weiss; Paul Debevec

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The Energies of the Atomic Linkages in the Normal Paraffin Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...normal paraffin hydrocarbons, in the gaseous...values for the heats of combustion of these gases...values for the heats of combustion of the hydrocarbon gases,4'5...Jessup4 on the heats of combustion of normal heptane...

Frederick D. Rossini

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Effects of burial history, rock ductility and recovery magnitude on inversion of normal faulted strata  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reactivation of the normal faults may occur during coaxial contraction even though such faults are unfavorably oriented assuming typical rock friction behavior and a homogeneous stress state. Localized reverse slip on normal faults is favored when strata...

Kuhle, Nathan John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Energies of the Atomic Linkages in the Normal Paraffin Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...No previous data Normal pentane...The new values for the heats of combustion of the hydrocarbon gases,4'5 together with new data obtained by Jessup4 on the heats of combustion of normal heptane and...

Frederick D. Rossini

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Energy Spectra and Normalized Power Spectral Densities of X-Ray Nova GS 2000+25  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Papers 2020 8320 Energy Spectra and Normalized...224-0817 The X-ray energy spectra and Normalized...Conf. Proc. 115, High Energy Transients in Astrophysics, ed. Woosley S. E. (New York: AIP), 31. White N......

Kentaro Terada; Shunji Kitamoto; Hitoshi Negoro; Sayuri Iga

2002-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

464

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelial cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelialcells; Lee et al. 3D culture models of normal and malignantFor correspondence: mjbissell@lbl.gov 3D culture models of

Lee, Genee Y.; Kenny, Paraic A.; Lee, Eva H.; Bissell, Mina J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A Scheme to Retain the Hadley Circulation During Nonlinear Normal Mode Initialization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified nonlinear normal mode initialization scheme is proposed which provides a possible solution to a major problem associated with nonlinear normal mode initialization. The modified scheme retains the Hadley circulation in the model and at ...

K. Puri; W. Bourke

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Direct normal irradiance related definitions and applications: The circumsolar issue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The direct irradiance received on a plane normal to the sun, called direct normal irradiance (DNI), is of particular relevance to concentrated solar technologies, including concentrating solar thermal plants and concentrated photovoltaic systems. Following various standards from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the DNI definition is related to the irradiance from a small solid angle of the sky, centered on the position of the sun. Half-angle apertures of pyrheliometers measuring DNI have varied over time, up to ?10°. The current recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for this half-angle is 2.5°. Solar concentrating collectors have an angular acceptance function that can be significantly narrower, especially for technologies with high concentration ratios. The disagreement between the various interpretations of DNI, from the theoretical definition used in atmospheric physics and radiative transfer modeling to practical definitions corresponding to specific measurements or conversion technologies is significant, especially in the presence of cirrus clouds or large concentration of aerosols. Under such sky conditions, the circumsolar radiation—i.e. the diffuse radiation coming from the vicinity of the sun—contributes significantly to the DNI ground measurement, although some concentrating collectors cannot utilize the bulk of it. These issues have been identified in the EU-funded projects MACC-II (Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate-Interim Implementation) and SFERA (Solar Facilities for the European Research Area), and have been discussed within a panel of international experts in the framework of the Solar Heating and Cooling (SHC) program of the International Energy Agency’s (IEA’s) Task 46 “Solar Resource Assessment and Forecasting”. In accordance with these discussions, the terms of reference related to DNI are specified here. The important role of circumsolar radiation is evidenced, and its potential contribution is evaluated for typical atmospheric conditions. For thorough analysis of performance of concentrating solar systems, it is recommended that, in addition to the conventional DNI related to 2.5° half-angle of today’s pyrheliometers, solar resource data sets also report the sunshape, the circumsolar contribution or the circumsolar ratio (CSR).

P. Blanc; B. Espinar; N. Geuder; C. Gueymard; R. Meyer; R. Pitz-Paal; B. Reinhardt; D. Renné; M. Sengupta; L. Wald; S. Wilbert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Imaging of normal and pathologic joint synovium using nonlinear optical microscopy as a potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and gout at 3.0 million. Arthritis can result in irreversible destruction and loss of normal articular

Rose, Michael R.

468

The Smith Normal Form of a Matrix Associated with Young's Lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Smith Normal Form of a Matrix Associated with Young's Lattice Tommy Wuxing Cai and Richard P. Stanley Abstract. We prove a conjecture of Miller and Reiner on the Smith normal form of the operator DU be a commutative ring with 1 and M an mÃ?m matrix over R. We say that M has a Smith normal form (SNF) over R

469

Application of the Smith Normal Form to the Structure of Lattice Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of the Smith Normal Form to the Structure of Lattice Rules J. N. Lyness \\Lambda P and the Smith normal form of an integer matrix. It is shown that the invariants of the canonical form of Q(\\Lambda)f coincide with the elements of the Smith normal form of B = A T \\Gamma1 , the reciprocal lattice generator

Keast, Patrick

470

Kinematics and kinetics of normal and planovalgus feet during walking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Planovalgus deformity is prevalent in cerebral palsy patients, but very few studies have quantitatively reported differences between planovalgus and normal foot function. Intersegmental foot kinetics have not been reported in this population. In this study, a three segment (hindfoot, forefoot, hallux) kinematic and kinetic model was applied to typically developing (n = 10 subjects, 20 feet) and planovalgus (n = 10 subjects, 18 feet) pediatric subjects by two clinicians for each subject. Intra-clinician and inter-clinician repeatability of kinematic variables have been previously reported. Variability of kinetic outcomes (joint moments and power) is reported and found to be equally repeatable in typically developing and planovalgus groups. Kinematic differences in the planovalgus foot including excessive ankle eversion (valgus) and plantarflexion, reduced ankle flexion range of motion, and increased midfoot joint dorsiflexion and pronation reflected the reported pathology. Contrary to clinical expectations no significant difference was observed in midfoot flexion or ankle eversion ranges of motion. Kinetic differences in planovalgus feet compared to typically developing feet included reduced ankle plantarflexion moment, ankle power and midfoot joint power.

Prabhav Saraswat; Bruce A. MacWilliams; Roy B. Davis; Jacques L. D’Astous

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Rap G protein signal in normal and disordered lymphohematopoiesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rap proteins (Rap1, Rap2a, b, c) are small molecular weight GTPases of the Ras family. Rap G proteins mediate diverse cellular events such as cell adhesion, proliferation, and gene activation through various signaling pathways. Activation of Rap signal is regulated tightly by several specific regulatory proteins including guanine nucleotide exchange factors and GTPase-activating proteins. Beyond cell biological studies, increasing attempts have been made in the past decade to define the roles of Rap signal in specific functions of normal tissue systems as well as in cancer. In the immune and hematopoietic systems, Rap signal plays crucial roles in the development and function of essentially all lineages of lymphocytes and hematopoietic cells, and importantly, deregulated Rap signal may lead to unique pathological conditions depending on the affected cell types, including various types of leukemia and autoimmunity. The phenotypical studies have unveiled novel, even unexpected functional aspects of Rap signal in cells from a variety of tissues, providing potentially important clues for controlling human diseases, including malignancy.

Minato, Nagahiro, E-mail: minato@imm.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

472

Sampling Plan for Assaying Plates Containing Depleted or Normal Uranium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the rationale behind the proposed method for selecting a 'representative' sample of uranium metal plates, portions of which will be destructively assayed at the Y-12 Security Complex. The total inventory of plates is segregated into two populations, one for Material Type 10 (depleted uranium (DU)) and one for Material Type 81 (normal [or natural] uranium (NU)). The plates within each population are further stratified by common dimensions. A spreadsheet gives the collective mass of uranium element (and isotope for DU) and the piece count of all plates within each stratum. These data are summarized in Table 1. All plates are 100% uranium metal, and all but approximately 60% of the NU plates have Kel-F{reg_sign} coating. The book inventory gives an overall U-235 isotopic percentage of 0.22% for the DU plates, ranging from 0.19% to 0.22%. The U-235 ratio of the NU plates is assumed to be 0.71%. As shown in Table 1, the vast majority of the plates are comprised of depleted uranium, so most of the plates will be sampled from the DU population.

Ivan R. Thomas

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Measurement of the half-life of the T=$\\frac{1}{2}$ mirror decay of $^{19}$Ne and its implication on physics beyond the standard model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $\\frac{1}{2}^+ \\rightarrow \\frac{1}{2}^+$ superallowed mixed mirror decay of $^{19}$Ne to $^{19}$F is excellently suited for high precision studies of the weak interaction. However, there is some disagreement on the value of the half-life. In a new measurement we have determined this quantity to be $T_{1/2}$ = $17.2832 \\pm 0.0051_{(stat)}$ $\\pm 0.0066_{(sys)}$ s, which differs from the previous world average by 3 standard deviations. The impact of this measurement on limits for physics beyond the standard model such as the presence of tensor currents is discussed.

L. J. Broussard; H. O. Back; M. S. Boswell; A. S. Crowell; P. Dendooven; G. S. Giri; C. R. Howell; M. F. Kidd; K. Jungmann; W. L. Kruithof; A. Mol; C. J. G. Onderwater; R. W. Pattie Jr.; P. D. Shidling; M. Sohani; D. J. van der Hoek; A. Rogachevskiy; E. Traykov; O. O. Versolato; L. Willmann; H. W. Wilschut; A. R. Young

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

474

Sub-femtosecond determination of transmission delay times for a dielectric mirror (photonic bandgap) as a function of angle of incidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a two-photon interference technique, we measure the delay for single-photon wavepackets to be transmitted through a multilayer dielectric mirror, which functions as a ``photonic bandgap'' medium. By varying the angle of incidence, we are able to confirm the behavior predicted by the group delay (stationary phase approximation), including a variation of the delay time from superluminal to subluminal as the band edge is tuned towards to the wavelength of our photons. The agreement with theory is better than 0.5 femtoseconds (less than one quarter of an optical period) except at large angles of incidence. The source of the remaining discrepancy is not yet fully understood.

Aephraim M. Steinberg; Raymond Y. Chiao

1995-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

475

Corticospinal mirror neurons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...he had held the homepads down for approximately 0.8 s. After a further variable delay of 0.8-1.5 s, a light-emitting diode (LED) cued the monkey to release one hand to reach, grasp, displace and hold the object. In observation trials...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Tandem mirror theory workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The workshop was divided into three sections which were constituted according to subject matter: RF Heating, MHD Equilibrium and Stability, and Transport and Microstability. An overview from Livermore's point of view was given at the beginning of each session. Each session was assigned a secretary to take notes. These notes have been used in preparing this report on the workshop. The report includes the activities, conclusions, and recommendations of the workshop.

None

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Firewalls, smoke and mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The radiation emitted by a black hole (BH) during its evaporation has to have some degree of quantum coherence to accommodate a unitary time evolution. We parametrize the degree of coherence by the number of coherently emitted particles $N_{coh}$ and show that it is severely constrained by the equivalence principle. We discuss, in this context, the fate of a shell of matter that falls into a Schwarzschild BH. Two points of view are considered, that of a stationary external observer and that of the shell itself. From the perspective of the shell, the near-horizon region has an energy density proportional to $N_{coh}^2$ in Schwarzschild units. So, if $N_{coh}$ is parameterically larger than the square root of the BH entropy $S_{BH}^ {1/2}$, a firewall or more generally a "wall of smoke" forms and the equivalence principle is violated while the BH is still semiclassical. To have a degree of coherence that is parametrically smaller than $S_{BH}^{1/2}$, one has to introduce a new sub-Planckian gravitational length...

Brustein, Ram

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

House of Mirrored Faces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ce"ary * P*"?teCt mySe,f a9a1nst *?? onslaught of to m&JSSSl Tre'alVZan fiJlS'thS/T^STS 27*7 1n0rd1nate OTOUnt ?f t^"* y*.t deal of light on^/o^-ac^S^^^aJf^rvVnt '^o^-he^s^eclls* ISt^ -11- I can still feel her anger, simmering slowly now like a neglected... T'Pau and were promised in the ancient way. Or so it appeared. When he touched me, he did not touch my mind, and when I confided this to Amanda, she only smiled her secretive smile and said, "Wait; it will come. It was the same for me. You have...

Carraher, Lynda

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Modeling pore corrosion in normally open gold- plated copper connectors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to model the electrical response of gold plated copper electrical contacts exposed to a mixed flowing gas stream consisting of air containing 10 ppb H{sub 2}S at 30 C and a relative humidity of 70%. This environment accelerates the attack normally observed in a light industrial environment (essentially a simplified version of the Battelle Class 2 environment). Corrosion rates were quantified by measuring the corrosion site density, size distribution, and the macroscopic electrical resistance of the aged surface as a function of exposure time. A pore corrosion numerical model was used to predict both the growth of copper sulfide corrosion product which blooms through defects in the gold layer and the resulting electrical contact resistance of the aged surface. Assumptions about the distribution of defects in the noble metal plating and the mechanism for how corrosion blooms affect electrical contact resistance were needed to complete the numerical model. Comparisons are made to the experimentally observed number density of corrosion sites, the size distribution of corrosion product blooms, and the cumulative probability distribution of the electrical contact resistance. Experimentally, the bloom site density increases as a function of time, whereas the bloom size distribution remains relatively independent of time. These two effects are included in the numerical model by adding a corrosion initiation probability proportional to the surface area along with a probability for bloom-growth extinction proportional to the corrosion product bloom volume. The cumulative probability distribution of electrical resistance becomes skewed as exposure time increases. While the electrical contact resistance increases as a function of time for a fraction of the bloom population, the median value remains relatively unchanged. In order to model this behavior, the resistance calculated for large blooms has been weighted more heavily.

Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Moffat, Harry K.; Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Enos, David George; Serna, Lysle M.; Sorensen, Neil Robert

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Determination of the 3He+alpha\\to 7Be asymp. normalization coefficients (nucl. vertex constants) and their application for extrapolation of the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astroph. S-factors to the solar energy region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new analysis of the precise experimental astrophysical $S$-factors for the direct capture $^3He(\\alpha,\\gamma)^7{\\rm {Be}}$ reaction [B.S. Nara Singh et al., Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 93} (2004) 262503; D. Bemmerer et al., Phys.Rev.Lett. {\\bf 97} (2006) 122502; F.Confortola et al., Phys.Rev. {\\bf C 75} (2007) 065803 and T.A.D.Brown et al., Phys.Rev. {\\bf C 76} (2007) 055801] populating to the ground and first excited states of $^7{\\rm Be}$ is carried out based on the modified two - body potential approach in which the direct astrophysical $S$-factor, $S_{34}(E)$, is expressed in terms of the asymptotic normalization constants for $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to ^7{\\rm {Be}}$ and two additional conditions are involved to verify the peripheral character of the reaction under consideration. The Woods--Saxon potential form is used for the bound ($\\alpha+^3{\\rm {He}}$)- state and the $^3{\\rm {He}}\\alpha$- scattering wave functions. New estimates are obtained for the "indirectly measured", values of the asymptotic normalization constants (the nuclear vertex constants) for $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to^7{\\rm {Be}}(g.s.)$ and $^3{\\rm {He}}+\\alpha\\to^7{\\rm {Be}}(0.429 MeV)$ as well as the astrophysical $S$-factors $S_{34}(E)$ at E$\\le$ 90 keV, including $E$=0. The values of asymptotic normalization constants have been used for getting information about the $\\alpha$-particle spectroscopic factors for the mirror ($^7Li^7{\\rm {Be}}$)-pair.

S. B. Igamov; K. I. Tursunmakhatov; R. Yarmukhamedov

2008-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "normal appendages mirrors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Gamma Bang Time/Reaction History Diagnostics for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) Using 90-degree Off-axis Parabolic Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas Cherenkov detectors (GCD) have been used to convert fusion gamma into photons to achieve gamma bang time (GBT) and reaction history measurements. The GCD designed for Omega used Cassegrain reflector optics in order to fit inside a ten-inch manipulator. A novel design for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) using 90º Off-Axis Parabolic (OAP) mirrors will increase light collection efficiency from fusion gammas and achieve minimum time dispersion. The broadband Cherenkov light (from 200 to 800 nm) is relayed into a high-speed detector using three parabolic mirrors. Because light is collected from many source planes throughout the CO2 gas volume, the detector is positioned at the stop position rather than an image position. The stop diameter and its position are independent of the light-generation location along the gas cell. The current design collects light from a 100-mm diameter by 500-mm-long gas volume. Optical ray tracings demonstrate how light can be collected from different angled trajectories of the Compton electrons as they fly through the CO2 gas volume. A cluster of four channels will allow for increased dynamic range as well as different gamma energy threshold sensitivities. 52.70.La, 29.40.Ka, 42.15.Eq, 07.60.-j, 07.85.-m

H.W. Herrmann, R.M. Malone, W. Stoeffl, J.M. Mack, C.S. Young

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Determination of the asymptotic normalization coefficients for 14C + n <--> 15C, the 14C(n, gamma)15C reaction rate, and evaluation of a new method to determine spectroscopic factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 14C + n <--> 15C system has been used as a test case in the evaluation of a new method to determine spectroscopic factors that uses the asymptotic normalization coefficient (ANC). The method proved to be unsuccessful for this case. As part of this experimental program, the ANCs for the 15C ground state and first excited state were determined using a heavy-ion neutron transfer reaction as well as the inverse kinematics (d,p) reaction, measured at the Texas A&M Cyclotron Institute. The ANCs were used to evaluate the astrophysical direct neutron capture rate on 14C, which was then compared with the most recent direct measurement and found to be in good agreement. A study of the 15C SF via its mirror nucleus 15F and a new insight into deuteron stripping theory are also presented.

McCleskey, M. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Mukhamedzhanov, A. M. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Trache, L. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Tribble, R. E. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Banu, A. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Eremenko, V. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Goldberg, V. Z. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Lui, Y. W. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); McCleskey, E. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Roeder, B. T. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Spiridon, A. [Texas A and M Univ., Cyclotron Inst., TX (United States); Carstoiu, F. [National Inst. for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Burjan, V. [Nuclear Physics Inst., Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague (Czech Republic); Hons, Z. [Nuclear Physics Inst., Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague (Czech Republic); Thompson, I. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

483

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document explains how to use estimated energy rates and normalized weather data in determining an energy service company's (ESCO's) payments under a Federal energy savings performance contract (ESPC).

484

Boussinesq’s viscoelastic problem on normal concentrated force on a half-space surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A problem on the action of a normal concentrated force on the surface of viscoelastic half-space (Boussinesq’s viscoelastic problem) is solved. The...

Latif K. Talybly

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Ar-40/Ar-39 Age Constraints for the Jaramillo Normal Subchron...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

oxygen isotope, climate record calibration of the astronomical timescale proposed by Johnson (1982) and Shackleton et al. (1990). Ar-40Ar-39 ages of a normally magnetized...

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymp normalization coefficients Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: Department of Mathematics, Capital Normal University Beijing 100048, China Abstract: It's a joint work... our recent work on the asymp- totic stability of the waves...

487

In Proc. SPIE 4013-55, UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments VI, Breckinridge & Jacobsen, eds., Munich, Germany, March 2000. Resolving Piston Ambiguities when Phasing a Segmented Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Jacobsen, eds., Munich, Germany, March 2000. Resolving Piston Ambiguities when Phasing a Segmented Mirror light is insensitive to segment piston errors that are a whole number of waves. If the wavefront sensing range of a wavefront sensor can be extended from on the order of ¢¡¤£ 2 in piston to several waves

Löfdahl, Mats

488

SUPERGLASS. Engineering field tests - Phase 3. Production, market planning, and product evaluation for a high-thermal-performance insulating glass design utilizing HEAT MIRROR transparent insulation. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HEAT MIRROR transparent window insulation consists of a clear polyester film two mils (.002'') thick with a thin, clear low-emissivity (.15) coating deposited on one side by state-of-the-art vacuum deposition processes. This neutral-colored invisible coating reflects long-wave infrared energy (heat). When mounted by being stretched with a 1/2'' air-gap on each side of the film, the resulting unit reduces heat loss by 60% compared to dual insulating glass. Southwall Corporation produces HEAT MIRROR transparent insulation and markets it to manufacturers of sealed insulating glass (I.G.) units and window and building manufacturers who make their own I.G. These companies build and sell the SUPERGLASS sealed glazing units. Units made and installed in buildings by six customers were visited. These units were located in many geographic regions, including the Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, New England, Southeast, and West Coast. As much as could be obtained of their history was recorded, as was their current condition and performance. These units had been in place from two weeks to over a year. All of the units were performing thermally very well, as measured by taking temperature profiles through them and through adjacent conventional I.G. units. Some units had minor visual defects (attributed to I.G. assembly techniques) which are discussed in detail. Overall occupant acceptance was enthusiastically positive. In addition to saving energy, without compromise of optical quality or appearance, the product makes rooms with large glazing areas comfortable to be in in cold weather. All defects observed were present when built; there appears to be no in-field degradation of quality at this time.

Tilford, C L

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Temperature dependence of the structure of Langmuir films of normal-alkanes on liquid mercury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature dependence of the structure of Langmuir films of normal-alkanes on liquid mercury H phase behavior of Langmuir films of n-alkanes CH3(CH2)n 2CH3 , denote Cn on mercury was studied surface normal, alkanes on mercury are always oriented surface parallel and show no long-range in

Ocko, Ben

490

Generating all permutations by context-free grammars in Greibach normal form  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider context-free grammars G"n in Greibach normal form and, particularly, in Greibach m-form (m=1,2) which generates the finite language L"n of all n! strings that are permutations of n different symbols (n>=1). These grammars are investigated ... Keywords: Context-free grammar, Descriptional complexity, Greibach normal form, Permutation, Unambiguous grammar

Peter R. J. Asveld

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Formant Structures of Vowels Produced by Stutterers in Normal and Fast Speech Hirsch F. 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formant Structures of Vowels Produced by Stutterers in Normal and Fast Speech Rates 1 Hirsch F. 1 of untreated and treated stutterers, and control subjects. Locus equations have been calculated to observe a reduction of vowel space for stutterers at a normal speaking rate. When speech rate increases, no reduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

492

PhD Project: `Normal' and `abnormal' climates: understanding their social, psychological and statistical constructions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PhD Project: `Normal' and `abnormal' climates: understanding their social, psychological) A conventional meteorological definition of climate is an aggregation of weather over a specified period of time, however, construct their expectations of climate `normality' in different ways. Direct experiences

Hulme, Mike

493

Rendering glints on high-resolution normal-mapped specular surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex specular surfaces under sharp point lighting show a fascinating glinty appearance, but rendering it is an unsolved problem. Using Monte Carlo pixel sampling for this purpose is impractical: the energy is concentrated in tiny highlights that take ... Keywords: glints, high-resolution normal maps, normal distribution functions, specular highlights

Ling-Qi Yan; Miloš Hašan; Wenzel Jakob; Jason Lawrence; Steve Marschner; Ravi Ramamoorthi

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Modeling and Generating Daily Changes in Market Variables Using A Multivariate Mixture of Normal Distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling and Generating Daily Changes in Market Variables Using A Multivariate Mixture of Normal Distributions Jin Wang Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Valdosta State University Valdosta, GA 31698-0040 January 28, 2000 Abstract The mixture of normal distributions provides a useful extension

Wang, Jin

495

Original article Normal and sickle red blood cell dynamics under venular flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Original article Normal and sickle red blood cell dynamics under venular flow C. Allayousa , A these notions are found in sickle cell disease where sickle red blood cells become more rigid, leading. Thus, normal and sickle red blood cells are classified into different sub-groups, showing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

496

A Filtering Mechanism for Normal Fish Trajectories Cigdem Beyan, Robert B. Fisher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Filtering Mechanism for Normal Fish Trajectories Cigdem Beyan, Robert B. Fisher IPAB, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, UK C.Beyan@sms.ed.ac.uk, rbf@inf.ed.ac.uk Abstract Understanding fish surveillance, etc. However, the literature is very limited in terms of normal/abnormal fish behavior

Fisher, Bob

497

Impact of assumption of log-normal distribution on monthly rainfall estimation from TMI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The log-normal assumption for the distribution of the rain rates used for the estimation of monthly rain totals proposed in Wilheit et al 1991 was examined. Since the log-normal assumption was originally used for the SSM/I, it is now necessary to re...

Lee, Dong Heon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

498

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q) Peter Sin, University. In our case D = q4I. #12;Smith normal forms A, L define endomorphisms of the free Z-module on lines. Cokernel of A is called the Smith group and the torsion subgroup of the cokernel of L is known

Sin, Peter

499

Geometry and scaling relations of a population of very small rift-related normal faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

normal faults within the Solite Quarry of the Dan River rift basin range in length from a few millimetres AND SCALING RELATIONS The small normal faults are present in quarries of the Virginia Solite Corporation outcrops and quarried boulders (Fig. 2). The fault traces are typically straight, although the fault tips

500

New method for computing ideal MHD normal modes in axisymmetric toroidal geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analytic elimination of the two magnetic surface components of the displacement vector permits the normal mode ideal MHD equations to be reduced to a scalar form. A Galerkin procedure, similar to that used in the PEST codes, is implemented to determine the normal modes computationally. The method retains the efficient stability capabilities of the PEST 2 energy principle code, while allowing computation of the normal mode frequencies and eigenfunctions, if desired. The procedure is illustrated by comparison with earlier various of PEST and by application to tilting modes in spheromaks, and to stable discrete Alfven waves in tokamak geometry.

Wysocki, F.; Grimm, R.C.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z