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1

,"Table 2a. Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and 2007 Base Year)" ,"Summer Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid",,,," " ,"Projected Year...

2

,"Table 2a. Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and 2008 Base Year)" ,"Summer Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid",,,," " ,"Projected Year...

3

,"Table 2b. Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and 2003 Base Year)" ,"Winter Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,"Projected Year...

4

,"Table 2a. Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and 2009 Base Year)" ,"Summer Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid",,,," " ,"Projected Year...

5

,"Table 2a. Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Base Year)",,,," " ,"Summer Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,"Projected Year...

6

,"Table 2b. Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and 2004 Base Year)" ,"Winter Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,"Projected Year...

7

,"Table 2b. Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

January 23, 2008" ,"Next Update: October 2007" ,"Table 2b. Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, " ,"2005...

8

,"Table 2b. Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and 2009 Base Year)" ,"Winter Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,"Projected Year Base","Year",,"FRCC",...

9

,"Table 2b. Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and 2007 Base Year)" ,"Winter Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,"Projected Year Base","Year",,"FRCC",...

10

winter_peak_2005.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2b . Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 2005 and Projected 2006 through 2010 (Megawatts and 2005 Base Year)...

11

summer_peak_2004.xls  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Megawatts and 2004 Base Year) Summer Noncoincident Peak Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN...

12

winter_peak_2003.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and 2003 Base Year) Winter Noncoincident Peak Load Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN...

13

summer_peak_2003.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Megawatts and 2003 Base Year) Summer Noncoincident Peak Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN...

14

winter_peak_2004.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and 2004 Base Year) Winter Noncoincident Peak Load Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN...

15

Non-coincident multi-wavelength emission absorption spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

An analysis is presented of the effect of noncoincident sampling on the measurement of atomic number density and temperature by multiwavelength emission absorption. The assumption is made that the two signals, emission and transmitted lamp, are time resolved but not coincident. The analysis demonstrates the validity of averages of such measurements despite fluctuations in temperature and optical depth. At potassium-seeded MHD conditions, the fluctuations introduce additional uncertainty into measurements of potassium atom number density and temperature but do not significantly bias the average results. Experimental measurements in the CFFF aerodynamic duct with coincident and noncoincident sampling support the analysis.

Baumann, L.E.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Peak Underground Working Natural Gas Storage Capacity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology Methodology Methodology Demonstrated Peak Working Gas Capacity Estimates: Estimates are based on aggregation of the noncoincident peak levels of working gas inventories at individual storage fields as reported monthly over a 60-month period ending in April 2010 on Form EIA-191M, "Monthly Natural Gas Underground Storage Report." The months of measurement for the peak storage volumes by facilities may differ; i.e., the months do not necessarily coincide. As such, the noncoincident peak for any region is at least as big as any monthly volume in the historical record. Data from Form EIA-191M, "Monthly Natural Gas Underground Storage Report," are collected from storage operators on a field-level basis. Operators can report field-level data either on a per reservoir basis or on an aggregated reservoir basis. It is possible that if all operators reported on a per reservoir basis that the demonstrated peak working gas capacity would be larger. Additionally, these data reflect inventory levels as of the last day of the report month, and a facility may have reached a higher inventory on a different day of the report month, which would not be recorded on Form EIA-191M.

17

„Peak Oil“  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wissenschaftliche Voraussagen deuten auf „Peak Oil“, das Maximum globaler Erdölförderung, in unserer ... der demokratischen Systeme führen. Psychoanalytische Betrachtung darf „Peak Oil“ für die Zivilisation als e...

Dr. Manuel Haus; Dr. med. Christoph Biermann

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the start of the new millennium, the expression “Peak Oil” was unknown. Nevertheless, a discussion about when the world’s rate of oil production would reach its maximum had already ... . King Hubbert presented...

Kjell Aleklett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Peak power ratio generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A peak power ratio generator is described for measuring, in combination with a conventional power meter, the peak power level of extremely narrow pulses in the gigahertz radio frequency bands. The present invention in a preferred embodiment utilizes a tunnel diode and a back diode combination in a detector circuit as the only high speed elements. The high speed tunnel diode provides a bistable signal and serves as a memory device of the input pulses for the remaining, slower components. A hybrid digital and analog loop maintains the peak power level of a reference channel at a known amount. Thus, by measuring the average power levels of the reference signal and the source signal, the peak power level of the source signal can be determined.

Moyer, Robert D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Capacity allocation of a hybrid energy storage system for power system peak shaving at high wind power penetration level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High wind power penetration in power system leads to a significant challenge in balancing power production and consumption due to the intermittence of wind. Introducing energy storage system in wind energy system can help offset the negative effects, and make the wind power controllable. However, the power spectrum density of wind power outputs shows that the fluctuations of wind energy include various components with different frequencies and amplitudes. This implies that the hybrid energy storage system is more suitable for smoothing out the wind power fluctuations effectively rather than the independent energy storage system. In this paper, we proposed a preliminary scheme for capacity allocation of hybrid energy storage system for power system peak shaving by using spectral analysis method. The unbalance power generated from load dispatch plan and wind power outputs is decomposed into four components, which are outer-day, intra-day, short-term and very short-term components, by using Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and spectral decomposition method. The capacity allocation can be quantified according to the information in these components. The simulation results show that the power rating and energy rating of hybrid energy storage system in partial smoothing mode decrease significantly in comparison with those in fully smoothing mode.

Pan Zhao; Jiangfeng Wang; Yiping Dai

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Desert Peak EGS Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Desert Peak EGS Project presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

22

Economics of Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract ‘Peak oil’ refers to the future decline in world production of crude oil and the accompanying potentially calamitous effects. The peak oil literature typically rejects economic analysis. This article argues that economic analysis is indeed appropriate for analyzing oil scarcity because standard economic models can replicate the observed peaks in oil production. Moreover, the emphasis on peak oil is misplaced as peaking is not a good indicator of scarcity, peak oil techniques are overly simplistic, the catastrophes predicted by the peak oil literature are unlikely, and the literature does not contribute to correcting identified market failures. Efficiency of oil markets could be improved by instead focusing on remedying market failures such as excessive private discount rates, environmental externalities, market power, insufficient innovation incentives, incomplete futures markets, and insecure property rights.

S.P. Holland

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Project objectives: Reduce the high level of risk during the early stages of geothermal project development by conducting a multi-faceted and innovative exploration and drilling program at Silver Peak. Determine the combination of techniques that are most useful and cost-effective in identifying the geothermal resource through a detailed, post-project evaluation of the exploration and drilling program.

24

Desert Peak EGS Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Geothermal Technologies Program 2010 Peer Review Desert Peak EGS Project, for the Engineered Geothermal Systems Demonstration Projects and Innovative Exploration Technologies. Objective to stimulate permeability in tight well 27-15 and improve connection to rest of the field; improve overall productivity or injectivity. Successful stimulation yields more production and enables more power generation.

25

Peak Underground Working Natural Gas Storage Capacity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Definitions Definitions Definitions Since 2006, EIA has reported two measures of aggregate capacity, one based on demonstrated peak working gas storage, the other on working gas design capacity. Demonstrated Peak Working Gas Capacity: This measure sums the highest storage inventory level of working gas observed in each facility over the 5-year range from May 2005 to April 2010, as reported by the operator on the Form EIA-191M, "Monthly Underground Gas Storage Report." This data-driven estimate reflects actual operator experience. However, the timing for peaks for different fields need not coincide. Also, actual available maximum capacity for any storage facility may exceed its reported maximum storage level over the last 5 years, and is virtually certain to do so in the case of newly commissioned or expanded facilities. Therefore, this measure provides a conservative indicator of capacity that may understate the amount that can actually be stored.

26

Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last Martin Sereno 1 Feb 2011 (orig. talk: Nov 2004) #12;Oil is the Lifeblood of Industrial Civilization · 80 million barrels/day, 1000 barrels/sec, 1 cubicPods to the roads themselves) · we're not "addicted to oil" -- that's like saying a person has an "addiction

Sereno, Martin

27

Peak oil: diverging discursive pipelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Peak oil is the claimed moment in time when global oil production reaches its maximum rate and henceforth forever declines. It is highly controversial as… (more)

Doctor, Jeff

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

monthly_peak_2003.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

O Form EIA-411 for 2005 Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2007 Table 3a . January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, Actual and Projected by North American Electric...

29

Economic vulnerability to Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Peak Oil, which refers to the maximum possible global oil production rate, is increasingly gaining attention in both science and policy discourses. However, little is known about how this phenomenon will impact economies, despite its apparent imminence and potential dangers. In this paper, we construct a vulnerability map of the U.S. economy, combining two approaches for analyzing economic systems, i.e. input–output analysis and social network analysis (applied to economic data). Our approach reveals the relative importance of individual economic sectors, and how vulnerable they are to oil price shocks. As such, our dual-analysis helps identify which sectors, due to their strategic position, could put the entire U.S. economy at risk from Peak Oil. For the U.S., such sectors would include Iron Mills, Fertilizer Production and Transport by Air. Our findings thus provide early warnings to downstream companies about potential ‘trouble’ in their supply chain, and inform policy action for Peak Oil. Although our analysis is embedded in a Peak Oil narrative, it is just as valid and useful in the context of developing a climate roadmap toward a low carbon economy.

Christian Kerschner; Christina Prell; Kuishuang Feng; Klaus Hubacek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Definition: Variable Peak Pricing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Variable Peak Pricing Variable Peak Pricing Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Variable Peak Pricing Variable Peak Pricing (VPP) is a hybrid of time-of-use and real-time pricing where the different periods for pricing are defined in advance (e.g., on-peak=6 hours for summer weekday afternoon; off-peak= all other hours in the summer months), but the price established for the on-peak period varies by utility and market conditions.[1] Related Terms real-time pricing References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/variable_peak_pricing [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,off-peak,on-peak,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,off-peak,on-peak,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Variable_Peak_Pricing&oldid=50262

31

Mean and peak wind loads on heliostats  

SciTech Connect

Mean and peak wind loads on flat rectangular or circular heliostats were measured on models in a boundary layer wind tunnel which included an atmospheric surface layer simulation. Horizontal and vertical forces, moments about horizontal axes at the ground level and at the centerline of the heliostat, and the moment about the vertical axis through the heliostat center were measured. Results showed that loads are higher than predicted from results obtained in a uniform, low-turbulence flow due to the presence of turbulence. Reduced wind loads were demonstrated for heliostats within a field of heliostats and upper bound curves were developed to provide preliminary design coefficients.

Peterka, J.A.; Tan, Z.; Cermak, J.E.; Bienkiewicz, B.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Economic effects of peak oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assuming that global oil production peaked, this paper uses scenario analysis to show the economic effects of a possible supply shortage and corresponding rise in oil prices in the next decade on different sectors in Germany and other major economies such as the US, Japan, China, the OPEC or Russia. Due to the price-inelasticity of oil demand the supply shortage leads to a sharp increase in oil prices in the second scenario, with high effects on GDP comparable to the magnitude of the global financial crises in 2008/09. Oil exporting countries benefit from high oil prices, whereas oil importing countries are negatively affected. Generally, the effects in the third scenario are significantly smaller than in the second, showing that energy efficiency measures and the switch to renewable energy sources decreases the countries' dependence on oil imports and hence reduces their vulnerability to oil price shocks on the world market.

Christian Lutz; Ulrike Lehr; Kirsten S. Wiebe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Peak load management: Potential options  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews options that may be alternatives to transmission construction (ATT) applicable both generally and at specific locations in the service area of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Some of these options have potential as specific alternatives to the Shelton-Fairmount 230-kV Reinforcement Project, which is the focus of this study. A listing of 31 peak load management (PLM) options is included. Estimated costs and normalized hourly load shapes, corresponding to the respective base load and controlled load cases, are considered for 15 of the above options. A summary page is presented for each of these options, grouped with respect to its applicability in the residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors. The report contains comments on PLM measures for which load shape management characteristics are not yet available. These comments address the potential relevance of the options and the possible difficulty that may be encountered in characterizing their value should be of interest in this investigation. The report also identifies options that could improve the efficiency of the three customer utility distribution systems supplied by the Shelton-Fairmount Reinforcement Project. Potential cogeneration options in the Olympic Peninsula are also discussed. These discussions focus on the options that appear to be most promising on the Olympic Peninsula. Finally, a short list of options is recommended for investigation in the next phase of this study. 9 refs., 24 tabs.

Englin, J.E.; De Steese, J.G.; Schultz, R.W.; Kellogg, M.A.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Peak Oil Food Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Network Network Jump to: navigation, search Name Peak Oil Food Network Place Crested Butte, Colorado Zip 81224 Website http://www.PeakOilFoodNetwork. References Peak Oil Food Network[1] LinkedIn Connections This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Peak Oil Food Network is a networking organization located in Crested Butte, Colorado, and is open to the general public that seeks to promote the creation of solutions to the challenge of food production impacted by the peak phase of global oil production. Private citizens are encouraged to join and contribute by adding comments, writing blog posts or adding to discussions about food and oil related topics. Peak Oil Food Network can be followed on Twitter at: http://www.Twitter.com/PeakOilFoodNtwk Peak Oil Food Network on Twitter

35

AUTOMATED CRITICAL PEAK PRICING FIELD TESTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUTOMATED CRITICAL PEAK PRICING FIELD TESTS: 2006 PROGRAM DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS APPENDICES.................................................................................... 5 B.2. DR Automation Server User Guide

36

Definition: On-Peak | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: On-Peak Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png On-Peak Those hours or other periods defined by NAESB business practices, contract, agreements, or guides as periods of higher electrical demand.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Peak demand is used to refer to a historically high point in the sales record of a particular product. In terms of energy use, peak demand describes a period of strong consumer demand. Also Known As peak load Related Terms demand, peak demand References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards Temp Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. late:ISGANAttributionsmart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:On-Peak&oldid=502536"

37

Mt Peak Utility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak Utility Peak Utility Jump to: navigation, search Name Mt Peak Utility Facility Mt Peak Utility Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Mnt Peak Utility Energy Purchaser Mnt Peak Utility Location Midlothian TX Coordinates 32.42144978°, -97.02427357° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.42144978,"lon":-97.02427357,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

38

Peak Treatment Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agreement Partnership Year 1998 Link to project description http:www.nrel.govnewspress199804licns.html Peak Treatment Systems is a company located in Golden, CO....

39

Measured Peak Equipment Loads in Laboratories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of measured equipment load data for laboratories, designersmeasured peak equipment load data from 39 laboratory spacesmeasured equipment load data from various laboratory spaces

Mathew, Paul A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Monthly Generation System Peak (pbl/generation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation > Generation Hydro Power Wind Power Monthly GSP BPA White Book Dry Year Tools Firstgov Monthly Generation System Peak (GSP) This site is no longer maintained. Page last...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Preliminary Assumptions for Natural Gas Peaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preliminary Assumptions for Natural Gas Peaking Technologies Gillian Charles and Steve Simmons GRAC, Reciprocating Engines Next steps 2 #12;Definitions Baseload Energy: power generated (or conserved) across a period of time to serve system demands for electricity Peaking Capacity: capability of power generating

42

Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storm Peak Lab Cloud Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX) Operated by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility for the U.S. Department of Energy, the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) begins its inaugural deployment November 2010 in Steamboat Springs, Colorado, for the Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment, or STORMVEX. For six months, the comprehensive suite of AMF2 instruments will obtain measurements of cloud and aerosol properties at various sites below the heavily instrumented Storm Peak Lab, located on Mount Werner at an elevation of 3220 meters. The correlative data sets that will be created from AMF2 and Storm Peak Lab will equate to between 200 and 300 in situ aircraft flight hours in liquid, mixed phase, and precipitating

43

Definition: Peak Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak Demand Peak Demand Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Peak Demand The highest hourly integrated Net Energy For Load within a Balancing Authority Area occurring within a given period (e.g., day, month, season, or year)., The highest instantaneous demand within the Balancing Authority Area.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Peak demand is used to refer to a historically high point in the sales record of a particular product. In terms of energy use, peak demand describes a period of strong consumer demand. Related Terms Balancing Authority Area, energy, demand, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from

44

LNG production for peak shaving operations  

SciTech Connect

LNG production facilities are being developed as an alternative or in addition to underground storage throughout the US to provide gas supply during peak gas demand periods. These facilities typically involved a small liquefaction unit with a large LNG storage tank and gas sendout facilities capable of responding to peak loads during the winter. Black and Veatch is active in the development of LNG peak shaving projects for clients using a patented mixed refrigerant technology for efficient production of LNG at a low installed cost. The mixed refrigerant technology has been applied in a range of project sizes both with gas turbine and electric motor driven compression systems. This paper will cover peak shaving concepts as well as specific designs and projects which have been completed to meet this market need.

Price, B.C.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Peak Oil Futures: Same Crisis, Different Responses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peak oil theory predicts that global oil production will soon start a terminal decline. ... resource and technology will be available to replace oil as the backbone resource of industrial society. ... understand ...

Jörg Friedrichs

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

A perspective on the CMB acoustic peak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CMB angular spectrum measurements suggest a flat universe. This paper clarifies the relation between geometry and the spherical harmonic index of the first acoustic peak ($\\ell_{peak}$). Numerical and analytic calculations show that $\\ell_{peak}$ is approximately a function of $\\Omega_K/\\Omega_M$ where $\\Omega_K$ and $\\Omega_M$ are the curvature ($\\Omega_K > 0$ implies an open geometry) and mass density today in units of critical density. Assuming $\\Omega_K/\\Omega_M \\ll 1$, one obtains a simple formula for $\\ell_{peak}$, the derivation of which gives another perspective on the widely-recognized $\\Omega_M$-$\\Omega_\\Lambda$ degeneracy in flat models. This formula for near-flat cosmogonies together with current angular spectrum data yields familiar parameter constraints.

T. A. Marriage

2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

47

Flow shop scheduling with peak power consumption constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 29, 2012 ... Flow shop scheduling with peak power consumption constraints ... Keywords: scheduling, flow shop, energy, peak power consumption, integer ...

K. Fang

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

48

Silver Peak Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Geothermal Project Silver Peak Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Silver Peak Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 37.755°, -117.63472222222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.755,"lon":-117.63472222222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

49

Pilot Peak Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pilot Peak Geothermal Project Pilot Peak Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Pilot Peak Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 38.342266666667°, -118.10361111111° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.342266666667,"lon":-118.10361111111,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

50

Silver Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Geothermal Area Silver Peak Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Silver Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (5) 9 Exploration Activities (26) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.746167220142,"lon":-117.60267734528,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

51

Desert Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Geothermal Area Desert Peak Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Desert Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (3) 9 Exploration Activities (8) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.75,"lon":-118.95,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

52

Vad är Peak Oil och existerar det?; What is Peak Oil and does it exist?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this study is the reports of Peak Oil in Swedish newspapers. In otherwords, how do the news portray or describe the… (more)

Wälimaa, Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Silver Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Geothermal Area Silver Peak Geothermal Area (Redirected from Silver Peak Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Silver Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (5) 9 Exploration Activities (26) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.746167220142,"lon":-117.60267734528,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

Desert Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Geothermal Area Desert Peak Geothermal Area (Redirected from Desert Peak Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Desert Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (3) 9 Exploration Activities (8) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.75,"lon":-118.95,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

55

GeoPeak Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GeoPeak Energy GeoPeak Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: GeoPeak Energy Name GeoPeak Energy Address 285 Davidson Avenue Place Somerset, New Jersey Zip 08873 Sector Solar Product Residential and Commercial PV Solar Installations Number of employees 11-50 Company Type For Profit Phone number 732-377-3700 Website http://www.geopeakenergy.com Coordinates 40.5326723°, -74.5284554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.5326723,"lon":-74.5284554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

56

Preliminary Assumptions for Natural Gas Peaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preliminary Assumptions for Natural Gas Peaking Technologies Gillian Charles GRAC 2/27/14 #12;Today Vernon, WA PSE Klamath Generation Peakers June 2002 (2) 54 MW P&W FT8 Twin- pac 95 MW Klamath, OR IPP; winter-only PPA w/ PSE Dave Gates Generating Station Jan 2011 (3) P&W SWIFTPAC 150 MW Anaconda, MT North

57

Scott McPeak Research Statement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scott McPeak Research Statement My main research interest is in tools and techniques to improve software quality. In this statement I describe my past involvement in several research projects whose goal and server proxy I co-wrote with Dan Bonachea.) Our group's efforts on CCured have made it more than a mere

California at Berkeley, University of

58

AUTOMATED CRITICAL PEAK PRICING FIELD TESTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUTOMATED CRITICAL PEAK PRICING FIELD TESTS: 2006 PROGRAM DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS) for development of the DR Automation Server System This project could not have been completed without extensive: Greg Watson and Mark Lott · C&C Building Automation: Mark Johnson and John Fiegel · Chabot Space

59

MODELING THE GLOBAL PEAKS AND COOLING SY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of assessed building energy consumption and indoor air temperature peaks. At last, the coupling of the urban energy consumption. Building uses are an important part of the global energy use thus a good conception until the year 2100 highlight a regular increase building energy consumption and indoor At last

Boyer, Edmond

60

Peak Oil Awareness Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Awareness Network Awareness Network Jump to: navigation, search Name Peak Oil Awareness Network Place Crested Butte, Colorado Zip 81224 Website http://www.PeakOilAwarenessNet Coordinates 38.8697146°, -106.9878231° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8697146,"lon":-106.9878231,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Definition: Critical Peak Pricing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pricing Pricing Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Critical Peak Pricing When utilities observe or anticipate high wholesale market prices or power system emergency conditions, they may call critical events during a specified time period (e.g., 3 p.m.-6 p.m. on a hot summer weekday), the price for electricity during these time periods is substantially raised. Two variants of this type of rate design exist: one where the time and duration of the price increase are predetermined when events are called and another where the time and duration of the price increase may vary based on the electric grid's need to have loads reduced;[1] Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/critical_peak_pricing Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike

62

Definition: Critical Peak Rebates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rebates Rebates Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Critical Peak Rebates When utilities observe or anticipate high wholesale market prices or power system emergency conditions, they may call critical events during pre-specified time periods (e.g., 3 p.m.-6 p.m. summer weekday afternoons), the price for electricity during these time periods remains the same but the customer is refunded at a single, predetermined value for any reduction in consumption relative to what the utility deemed the customer was expected to consume.[1] Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/critical_peak_rebates [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]]

63

Central peaking of magnetized gas discharges  

SciTech Connect

Partially ionized gas discharges used in industry are often driven by radiofrequency (rf) power applied at the periphery of a cylinder. It is found that the plasma density n is usually flat or peaked on axis even if the skin depth of the rf field is thin compared with the chamber radius a. Previous attempts at explaining this did not account for the finite length of the discharge and the boundary conditions at the endplates. A simple 1D model is used to focus on the basic mechanism: the short-circuit effect. It is found that a strong electric field (E-field) scaled to electron temperature T{sub e}, drives the ions inward. The resulting density profile is peaked on axis and has a shape independent of pressure or discharge radius. This “universal” profile is not affected by a dc magnetic field (B-field) as long as the ion Larmor radius is larger than a.

Chen, Francis F. [Electrical Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [Electrical Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Curreli, Davide [Department of Nuclear, Plasma and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Department of Nuclear, Plasma and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Eyesight and the solar Wien peak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is sometimes said that humans see best at yellow–green wavelengths because they have evolved under a Sun whose blackbody spectrum has a Wien peak in the green part of the spectrum. However as a function of frequency the solar blackbody spectrum peaks in the infrared. Why did human vision not evolve toward a peak sensitivity in this range if the eye is an efficient quantum detector of photons? The puzzle is resolved if we assume that natural selection acted in such a way as to maximize the amount of energy that can be detected by the retina across a range of wavelengths (whose upper and lower limits are fixed by biological constraints). It is then found that our eyes are indeed perfectly adapted to life under a class G2 star. Extending this reasoning allows educated guesses to be made about the kind of eyesight that might have evolved in extrasolar planetary systems such as that of the red dwarf Gliese 876.

James M. Overduin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Rank Name Peak Date Peak Location Bomb Peak Gradient Min Depth (Hr-Dy-Mn-Yr) (Lat, Lon) (Bergeron) (hPa/1000km) (hPa)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rank Name Peak Date Peak Location Bomb Peak Gradient Min Depth (Hr-Dy-Mn-Yr) (Lat, Lon) (Bergeron, and northwest europe (Cambride Univ. Pr.). 1 #12;Figure S1(a): Evolution of 'Daria' (the top ranked storm arrow is approximately 50 m s-1). 2 #12;Figure S1(b): As for Figure S1(a) but for the storm ranked

Caballero, Rodrigo

66

Peak Sun Silicon Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corp Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Peak Sun Silicon Corp Place Carlsbad, California Zip 92008 Product US-based manufacturer of granular electronic-grade polysilicon for the PV industry. Coordinates 31.60396°, -100.641609° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.60396,"lon":-100.641609,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

67

Oil hills, ridges, peaks, cliffs and ravines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an earlier paper Tanner and Berry (1985) considered the decay of a disturbance to an otherwise uniform thin oil film. This was followed analytically using the Navier-Stokes equation, and optically by interferometry. Solutions were obtained in the form of a series of three-dimensional hills and of two-dimensional ridges, decaying with time in a self-similar manner. The present work extends this in several ways. By better control of the applied disturbance, more of the original series are produced and illustrated. The original hill series is extended to a doubly-infinite one, providing the possibility, as with the ridges, of different time decay rates for each azimuthal structure. Negative j values, giving either vertical growth or static vertical heights, are considered and in a few cases produced experimentally. Finally nonlinear peaks, cliffs and ravines having self-similar scaling properties are studied. In all cases, good agreement between theory and experiment is obtained.

L H Tanner

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Gamow peak approximation near strong resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the most effective energy range for charged particle induced reactions in a plasma environment at a given plasma temperature. The correspondence between the plasma temperature and the most effective energy should be modified from the one given by the Gamow peak energy, in the presence of a significant incident-energy dependence in the astrophysical S-factor as in the case of resonant reactions. The suggested modification of the effective energy range is important not only in thermonuclear reactions at high temperature in the stellar environment, e.g., in advanced burning stages of massive stars and in explosive stellar environment, as it has been already claimed, but also in the application of the nuclear reactions driven by ultra-intense laser pulse irradiations.

Kimura, Sachie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

BroadPeak: a novel algorithm for identifying broad peaks in dif-fuse ChIP-seq datasets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 BroadPeak: a novel algorithm for identifying broad peaks in dif- fuse ChIP-seq datasets JianrongIP-seq datasets. We show that BroadPeak is a linear time algorithm that requires only two parame- ters, and we validate its performance on real and simulated histone modification ChIP-seq datasets. BroadPeak calls

Jordan, King

70

Peak Population: Timing and Influences of Peak Energy on the World and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peak energy is the notion that the world’s total production of usable energy will reach a maximum value and then begin an inexorable decline. Ninety-two percent of the world’s energy is currently derived from the non-renewable sources (oil, coal...

Warner, Kevin 1987-

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

71

SunPeak Solar LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SunPeak Solar LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: SunPeak Solar LLC Place: Palm Desert, California Zip: 92260 Product: US project developer and asset manager, focussing on PV...

72

A Multimethod analysis of the Phenomenon of Peak-Oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??El concepto de Peak-Oil (el cénit del petróleo) es complejo y a menudo malentendido. Después de aclarar que el Peak-Oil es tanto un problema de… (more)

Kerschner, Christian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

THE COMPACT STEEP SPECTRUM AND GHZ PEAKED SPECTRUM RADIO SOURCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE COMPACT STEEP SPECTRUM AND GHZ PEAKED SPECTRUM RADIO SOURCES Christopher P. O'Dea Space@stsci.edu ABSTRACT I review the radio to X­ray properties of GHz Peaked Spectrum (GPS) and Compact Steep Spectrum The GHz Peaked Spectrum (GPS) and Compact Steep Spectrum (CSS) radio sources make up significant fractions

74

Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) (Kansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) (Kansas) Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) (Kansas) Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) (Kansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Commerce Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) allows for the retention of employee payroll withholding taxes for qualified companies or third parties performing services on behalf of such companies. This program offers qualified companies the ability to retain 95 percent of their payroll withholding tax for up to five to seven years. PEAK is available to new

75

CORRELATION BETWEEN PEAK ENERGY AND PEAK LUMINOSITY IN SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

A correlation between the peak luminosity and the peak energy has been found by Yonetoku et al. as L{sub p} {proportional_to}E{sup 2.0}{sub p,i} for 11 pre-Swift long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In this study, for a greatly expanded sample of 148 long GRBs in the Swift era, we find that the correlation still exists, but most likely with a slightly different power-law index, i.e., L{sub p} {proportional_to} E{sup 1.7}{sub p,i}. In addition, we have collected 17 short GRBs with necessary data. We find that the correlation of L{sub p} {proportional_to} E{sup 1.7}{sub p,i} also exists for this sample of short events. It is argued that the radiation mechanism of both long and short GRBs should be similar, i.e., of quasi-thermal origin caused by the photosphere, with the dissipation occurring very near the central engine. Some key parameters of the process are constrained. Our results suggest that the radiation processes of both long and short bursts may be dominated by thermal emission, rather than by the single synchrotron radiation. This might put strong physical constraints on the theoretical models.

Zhang, Z. B.; Chen, D. Y. [Department of Physics, College of Sciences, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (China); Huang, Y. F., E-mail: sci.zbzhang@gzu.edu.cn, E-mail: hyf@nju.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

76

On peaked solitary waves of Camassa-Holm equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unlike the Boussinesq, KdV and BBM equations, the celebrated Casamma-Holm (CH) equation can model both phenomena of soliton interaction and wave breaking. Especially, it has peaked solitary waves in case of omega=0. Besides, in case of omega > 0, its solitary wave "becomes $C^\\infty$ and there is no derivative discontinuity at its peak", as mentioned by Camassa and Holm in 1993 (PRL). However, it is found in this article that the CH equation has peaked solitary waves even in case of omega > 0. Especially, all of these peaked solitary waves have an unusual property: their phase speeds have nothing to do with the height of peakons or anti-peakons. Therefore, in contrast to the traditional view-points, the peaked solitary waves are a common property of the CH equation: in fact, all mainstream models of shallow water waves admit such kind of peaked solitary waves

Liao, Shijun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Mercury Vapor At Desert Peak Area (Varekamp & Buseck, 1983) ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Mercury Vapor At Desert Peak Area (Varekamp & Buseck, 1983) Exploration Activity Details...

78

Peak Oil: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Programming Activities in Public Health.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Peak Oil, or the world reaching the maximum rate of petroleum extraction, poses risks such as depletion of energy resources, amplification of existing threats… (more)

Tuckerman, Samantha Lynn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Peak Oil, Energiesicherheit und die Grenzen des Marktes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Der Ölpreis wird von zahlreichen Faktoren beeinflusst. Die OPEC spielt bei der Preisbildung derzeit nur eine geringe Rolle. Ein Peak Oil wird die Ölpreise stark beeinflussen und zahlreiche...

Dr. Nikolaus Supersberger…

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to time-of-day electricity pricing: first empirical results.S. The trouble with electricity markets: understandingresidential peak-load electricity rate structures. Journal

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Gas Flux Sampling At Desert Peak Area (Lechler And Coolbaugh...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Gas Flux Sampling At Desert Peak Area (Lechler And Coolbaugh, 2007) Exploration Activity...

82

Peak Oil and REMI PI+: State Fiscal Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, nation, and states) · Shale oil not included ­ Shale oil reserve estimates 2.0 Trillion bbls in USPeak Oil and REMI PI+: State Fiscal Implications Jim Peach Arrowhead Center Prosper Project is peak oil? · Why peak oil (and gas) matters ­ (In energy and non-energy states) ­ National Real GDP

Johnson, Eric E.

83

Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak and subsequent decline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak and subsequent decline Edited by Leif Sønderberg Petersen and Hans Larsen Risø-R-1712(EN) September 2009 Proceedings Risø International Energy Conference 2009 #12;Editors: Leif Sønderberg Petersen and Hans Larsen Title: Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak

84

On Transforming Spectral Peaks in Voice Conversion Elizabeth Godoy 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Transforming Spectral Peaks in Voice Conversion Elizabeth Godoy 1 , Olivier Rosec1 , Thierry.chonavel@telecom-bretagne.eu Abstract This paper explores the benefits of transforming spectral peaks in voice conversion. First, in examining classic GMM- based transformation with cepstral coefficients, we show that the lack of transformed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

85

Emcore/SunPeak Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emcore/SunPeak Solar Power Plant Emcore/SunPeak Solar Power Plant < Emcore Jump to: navigation, search Name Emcore/SunPeak Solar Power Plant Facility Emcore/SunPeak Sector Solar Facility Type Concentrating Photovoltaic Developer SunPeak Solar Location Albuquerque, New Mexico Coordinates 35.0844909°, -106.6511367° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.0844909,"lon":-106.6511367,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

86

Geographies of peak oil: The other carbon problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This extended editorial introduction to a themed issue of Geoforum on geographies of peak oil has three objectives. First, it provides a concise account of the ’peak oil’ claim, identifying the key protagonists in the debate, and outlining different stances with regard to the timing, shape and composition (conventional vs. non-conventional hydrocarbons) of the peak. Second, after briefly characterising the limited engagement with peak oil by human geographers, it offers a provisional set of claims about what a geographical analysis of peak oil might yield. Finally, it introduces each of the papers and, in doing so, makes the case for a fuller and more sustained engagement by geography with this ’other carbon problem.’

Gavin Bridge

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Radial Structure of Shell Modulations Near Peak Compression of Spherical Implosions  

SciTech Connect

The structure of shell modulations is measured at peak compression of directly driven spherical implosions using absorption of titanium-doped layers placed at various distances of 1, 5, 7, and 9 mm from the inner surface of 20-mm-thick plastic CH shells filled with 18 atm of D3He gas. The modulations are measured using the ratios of monochromatic core images taken inside and outside of the titanium 1s-2p absorption spectral region. Peak-compression, time-integrated areal-density modulations are higher at the inner shell surface, which is unstable during the deceleration phase of an implosion with a modulation level of 59{+-}14%, The perturbations are lower in the central part of the shell, having a modulation level of 18{+-}5%. The outer surface of the shell, which is unstable during the acceleration phase of an implosion, has a modulation level of 52{+-}20%.

Smalyuk, V.A.; Dumanis, S.B.; Marshall, F.J.; Delettrez, J.A.; Meyerhofer, D.D.; Regan, S.P.; Sangster, T.C.; Yaakobi, B.; Koch, J.A.

2003-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

88

A model of peak production in oil fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We developed a model for oil production on the basis of simple physical considerations. The model provides a basic understanding of Hubbert’s empirical observation that the production rate for an oil-producing region reaches its maximum when approximately half the recoverable oil has been produced. According to the model the oil production rate at a large field must peak before drilling peaks. We use the model to investigate the effects of several drilling strategies on oil production. Despite the model’s simplicity predictions for the timing and magnitude of peak production match data on oil production from major oil fields throughout the world.

Daniel M. Abrams; Richard J. Wiener

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Data:D69f7947-c8b2-43c9-8400-a0892d36591e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

voltage for the delivery of service. This service is available for consumers contracting for a minimum of 5,000 kW non-coincident peak demand, when all service required on...

90

Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes Presentations from Track B, Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes of the U.S. Department of Energy Building America program's 2012 Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting are provided below as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. These presentations for this track covered the following topics: Ventilation Strategies in High Performance Homes; Combustion Safety in Tight Houses; Implementation Program Case Studies; Field Testing from Start to Finish; and Humidity Control and Analysis. why_we_ventilate.pdf formaldehyde_new_homes.pdf whole_bldg_ventilation.pdf combustion_safety_codes.pdf combustion_diagnostics.pdf test_protocols_results.pdf utility_incentive_programs.pdf

91

EA-1921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project 921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental Assessment, Esmeralda County, Nevada EA-1921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental Assessment, Esmeralda County, Nevada SUMMARY The Bureau of Land Management (BLM)(lead agency) and DOE are jointly preparing this EA, which evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a project proposed by Rockwood Lithium Inc (Rockwood), formerly doing business as Chemetall Foote Corporation. Rockwood has submitted to the BLM, Tonopah Field Office, an Operations Plan for the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project within Esmeralda County, Nevada. The purpose of the project is to determine subsurface temperatures, confirm the existence of geothermal resources, and

92

Multispectral Imaging At Silver Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laney, 2005) Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Multispectral Imaging At Silver Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique Multispectral Imaging Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geology and Geophysics of Geothermal Systems, Gregory Nash, 2005. A third objective was testing ASTER multispectral data for small-scale mapping of the geology of the northern Silver Peak Range, Nevada near the Fish Lake Valley geothermal field. References Patrick Laney (2005) Federal Geothermal Research Program Update - Fiscal Year 2004 Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Multispectral_Imaging_At_Silver_Peak_Area_(Laney,_2005)&oldid=511017"

93

EA-1921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project 921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental Assessment, Esmeralda County, Nevada EA-1921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental Assessment, Esmeralda County, Nevada SUMMARY The Bureau of Land Management (BLM)(lead agency) and DOE are jointly preparing this EA, which evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a project proposed by Rockwood Lithium Inc (Rockwood), formerly doing business as Chemetall Foote Corporation. Rockwood has submitted to the BLM, Tonopah Field Office, an Operations Plan for the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project within Esmeralda County, Nevada. The purpose of the project is to determine subsurface temperatures, confirm the existence of geothermal resources, and

94

Resistivity Tomography At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Resistivity Tomography At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Single-Well and Cross-Well Resistivity At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique Single-Well and Cross-Well Resistivity Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Resistivity_Tomography_At_Silver_Peak_Area_(DOE_GTP)&oldid=689883" Categories:

95

Application of Thermal Storage, Peak Shaving and Cogeneration for Hospitals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy costs of hospitals can be managed by employing various strategies to control peak electrical demand (KW) while at the same time providing additional security of operation in the event that an equipment failure or a disruption of power from...

McClure, J. D.; Estes, J. M.; Estes, M. C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Off peak cooling using an ice storage system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric utilities in the United States have entered a period of slow growth due to a combination of increased capital costs and a staggering rise in the costs for fuel. In addition to this, the rise in peak power ...

Quinlan, Edward Michael

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Potential Peak Load Reductions From Residential Energy Efficient Upgrades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the distribution network can be improved; and added environmental pollution can be minimized. Energy efficiency improvements, especially through residential programs, are increasingly being used to mitigate this rise in peak demand. This paper examines...

Meisegeier, D.; Howes, M.; King, D.; Hall, J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Robust powder auto-indexing using many peaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new algorithm, CONOGRAPH, carries out exhaustive powder auto-indexing in a short time, even if the q values of many peaks are used for robust powder auto-indexing. Some results from CONOGRAPH are presented.

Oishi-Tomiyasu, R.

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

99

Optimization of Demand Response Through Peak Shaving , D. Craigie  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of Demand Response Through Peak Shaving G. Zakeri , D. Craigie , A. Philpott , M. Todd for the demand response of such a consumer. We will establish a monotonicity result that indicates fuel supply

Todd, Michael J.

100

The peak of oil production—Timings and market recognition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy is essential for present societies. In particular, transportation systems depend on petroleum-based fuels. That world oil production is set to pass a peak is now a reasonably accepted concept, although its date is far from consensual. In this work, we analyze the true expectations of the oil market participants about the future availability of this fundamental energy source. We study the evolution through time of the curves of crude oil futures prices, and we conclude that the market participants, among them the crude oil producers, already expect a near-term peak of oil production. This agrees with many technical predictions for the date of peak production, including our own, that point to peak dates around the end of the present decade. If this scenario is confirmed, it can cause serious social and economical problems because societies will have little time to perform the necessary adjustments.

Pedro de Almeida; Pedro D. Silva

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Peak Oil and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When Peak Oil is reached, oil production is slated to decline. If the ... world’s economic engine is still running on oil, there is potential for instability in the global economy as oil becomes scarcer and more ...

Peter Van Tuyn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

High Energy Density Science with High Peak Power Light Sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High energy density (HED) science is a growing sub-field of plasma and condensed matter physics. I will examine how recent technological developments in high peak power, petawatt-class...

Ditmire, Todd

103

Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Northwestern Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Northwestern Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone Abstract Detailed geologic mapping, delineation of Tertiary strata, analysis of faults and folds, and a new gravity survey have elucidated the structural controls on the Desert Peak and Brady geothermal fields in the Hot Springs Mountains of northwestern Nevada. The fields lie within the Humboldt

104

Twin Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Twin Peaks Motel Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Ouray, Colorado Coordinates 38.0227716°, -107.6714487° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

105

Silver Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources (Redirected from Silver Peak, NV) Jump to: navigation, search Name Silver Peak, Nevada Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 5512346 Coordinates 37.7549309°, -117.6348148° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7549309,"lon":-117.6348148,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

106

Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Wind Farm Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Wind Farm Facility Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Jiminy Peak Mountain Resort Developer Sustainable Energy Developments Energy Purchaser Jiminy Peak Mountain Resort Location Hancock MA Coordinates 42.5554°, -73.2898° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5554,"lon":-73.2898,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

107

Peak oil: The four stages of a new idea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper reviews the reactions and the path of acceptance of the theory known as “peak oil”. The theory was proposed for the first time by M.K. Hubbert in the 1950s as a way to describe the production pattern of crude oil. According to Hubbert, the production curve is “bell shaped” and approximately symmetric. Hubbert's theory was verified with good approximation for the case of oil production in the United States that peaked in 1971, and is now being applied to the worldwide oil production. It is generally believed that the global peak of oil production (“peak oil”) will take place during the first decade of the 21st century, and some analysts believe that it has already occurred in 2005 or 2006. The theory and its consequences have unpleasant social and economical implications. The present paper is not aimed at assessing the peak date but offers a discussion on the factors that affect the acceptance and the diffusion of the concept of “peak oil” with experts and with the general public. The discussion is based on a subdivision of “four stages of acceptance”, loosely patterned after a sentence by Thomas Huxley.

Ugo Bardi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Figure 4-3 Peak Hour Levels of Service with 700 Workers  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

* Auxiliary Turning Bay Auxiliary Turn Lane Between Intersections Free Right-Turn Movement Traffic Signal * LOS BC LOS XX LOS BC LOS BB Page 4-13 W e s t C o l f a x A...

109

Achieving sustainable urban transport mobility in post peak oil era  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peak oil is the term used to describe the point at which global oil production will peak and thereafter start to decline. Recognising that transport uses a significant portion of global energy, the shortage of fossil fuel in post peak oil era will pose a global challenge in the transport sector. The paper presents an assessment of international research to illustrate the possible time frame of peak oil. It investigates the key implications of the oil shortage that threaten to render the urban transport system of Australia ineffective. Synthesis of documented research evidence suggests three major implications in the urban transport sector: (1) a reduction of mobility for individuals, (2) an increase of transport disadvantage, and (3) a disruption of urban freight movement. In addition, the paper explores strategies to cope with the devastating effects of the shortage of the fossil fuel in the post peak oil era. A number of strategies to achieve sustainable mobility in the future urban transport system are presented. These strategies are summarised into three main themes: (1) a mode shift to alternate transport modes, (2) an integration of land use and transport planning, and (3) a global technical effort for alternate fuels and vehicles. It is expected that a concerted global effort in this regard can have a far-reaching effect in achieving sustainability in urban transport mobility.

Md Aftabuzzaman; Ehsan Mazloumi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Reducing Peak Demand to Defer Power Plant Construction in Oklahoma  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reducing Peak Demand to Defer Power Plant Construction in Oklahoma Reducing Peak Demand to Defer Power Plant Construction in Oklahoma Located in the heart of "Tornado Alley," Oklahoma Gas & Electric Company's (OG&E) electric grid faces significant challenges from severe weather, hot summers, and about 2% annual load growth. To better control costs and manage electric reliability under these conditions, OG&E is pursuing demand response strategies made possible by implementation of smart grid technologies, tools, and techniques from 2010-2012. The objective is to engage customers in lowering peak demand using smart technologies in homes and businesses and to achieve greater efficiencies on the distribution system. The immediate goal: To defer two 165 MW power plants currently planned for

111

Silver Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Silver Peak, Nevada Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 5512346 Coordinates 37.7549309°, -117.6348148° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7549309,"lon":-117.6348148,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

112

Price Server System for Automated Critical Peak Pricing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Price Server System for Automated Critical Peak Pricing Price Server System for Automated Critical Peak Pricing Speaker(s): David S. Watson Date: June 3, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Overview of current California Energy Commission (CEC)/Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) Auto-CPP project: This summer, some select commercial CPP customers of PG&E will have the option of joining the Automated Critical Peak Pricing pilot. The pilot will have the same tariffs as standard CPP programs, but will include an added feature: automated shedding of electric loads. Through use of the Price Server System, day-ahead CPP event signals initiated by PG&E will ultimately cause electric loads to be automatically curtailed on commercial customer sites. These optional predetermined shed strategies will occur without

113

Cuttings Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Remote Sensing for Exploration and Mapping of Geothermal Resources, Wendy Calvin, 2005. Task 1: Detailed analysis of hyperspectral imagery obtained in summer of 2003 over Brady's Hot Springs region was completed and validated (Figure 1). This analysis provided a local map of both sinter and tufa deposits surrounding the Ormat plant, identified fault extensions not previously recognized from field mapping and has helped constrain where to put additional wells that were drilled at the site. Task 2: Initial analysis of Landsat and ASTER data for Buffalo Valley and Pyramid Lake was

114

The Peak/Dip Picture of the Cosmic Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The initial shear field plays a central role in the formation of large-scale structures, and in shaping the geometry, morphology, and topology of the cosmic web. We discuss a recent theoretical framework for the shear tensor, termed the `peak/dip picture', which accounts for the fact that halos/voids may form from local extrema of the density field - rather than from random spatial positions; the standard Doroshkevich's formalism is generalized, to include correlations between the density Hessian and shear field at special points in space around which halos/voids may form. We then present the `peak/dip excursion-set-based' algorithm, along with its most recent applications - merging peaks theory with the standard excursion set approach.

Rossi, Graziano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Desert Peak II Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

II Geothermal Facility II Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Desert Peak II Geothermal Facility General Information Name Desert Peak II Geothermal Facility Facility Desert Peak II Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location Churchill, Nevada Coordinates 39.753854931241°, -118.95378112793° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.753854931241,"lon":-118.95378112793,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

116

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California Title Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-3636e Year of Publication 2010 Authors Yin, Rongxin, Sila Kiliccote, Mary Ann Piette, and Kristen Parrish Conference Name 2010 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Conference Location Pacific Grove, CA Keywords demand response and distributed energy resources center, demand response research center, demand shifting (pre-cooling), DRQAT Abstract This paper reports on the potential impact of demand response (DR) strategies in commercial buildings in California based on the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), which uses EnergyPlus simulation prototypes for office and retail buildings. The study describes the potential impact of building size, thermal mass, climate, and DR strategies on demand savings in commercial buildings. Sensitivity analyses are performed to evaluate how these factors influence the demand shift and shed during the peak period. The whole-building peak demand of a commercial building with high thermal mass in a hot climate zone can be reduced by 30% using an optimized demand response strategy. Results are summarized for various simulation scenarios designed to help owners and managers understand the potential savings for demand response deployment. Simulated demand savings under various scenarios were compared to field-measured data in numerous climate zones, allowing calibration of the prototype models. The simulation results are compared to the peak demand data from the Commercial End-Use Survey for commercial buildings in California. On the economic side, a set of electricity rates are used to evaluate the impact of the DR strategies on economic savings for different thermal mass and climate conditions. Our comparison of recent simulation to field test results provides an understanding of the DR potential in commercial buildings.

117

Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project (Ram Power Inc.)  

SciTech Connect

Data generated from the Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project, in Esmeralda County, Nevada, encompasses a “deep-circulation (amagmatic)” meteoric-geothermal system circulating beneath basin-fill sediments locally blanketed with travertine in western Clayton Valley (lithium-rich brines from which have been mined for several decades). Spring- and shallow-borehole thermal-water geochemistry and geothermometry suggest that a Silver Peak geothermal reservoir is very likely to attain the temperature range 260- 300oF (~125-150oC), and may reach 300-340oF (~150-170oC) or higher (GeothermEx, Inc., 2006). Results of detailed geologic mapping, structural analysis, and conceptual modeling of the prospect (1) support the GeothermEx (op. cit.) assertion that the Silver Peak prospect has good potential for geothermal-power production; and (2) provide a theoretical geologic framework for further exploration and development of the resource. The Silver Peak prospect is situated in the transtensional (regional shearing coupled with extension) Walker Lane structural belt, and squarely within the late Miocene to Pliocene (11 Ma to ~5 Ma) Silver Peak-Lone Mountain metamorphic core complex (SPCC), a feature that accommodated initial displacement transfer between major right-lateral strike- slip fault zones on opposite sides of the Walker Lane. The SPCC consists essentially of a ductiley-deformed lower plate, or “core,” of Proterozoic metamorphic tectonites and tectonized Mesozoic granitoids separated by a regionally extensive, low-angle detachment fault from an upper plate of severely stretched and fractured structural slices of brittle, Proterozoic to Miocene-age lithologies. From a geothermal perspective, the detachment fault itself and some of the upper-plate structural sheets could function as important, if secondary, subhorizontal thermal-fluid aquifers in a Silver Peak hydrothermal system.

Miller, Clay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Injection Solvent Effect on Peak Height in Ion Exchange HPLC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......2. To further evaluate the effect of the injection volume only...injection volume were varied. Effect of weak injection solvent There...same eluent ion strength. The effect of eluent ion strength. Figure...nitrate in the mobile phase. 418 ship of the peak height of phenylacetate......

Hyunjoo Kim Lee; Norman E. Hoffman

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

SCHOOL OF HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY Peak Carbon. Climate change and energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCHOOL OF HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY Peak Carbon. Climate change and energy policy ARTS2241 S2, 2010 #12 to be overcome before Australia can make deep cuts in greenhouse emissions, particularly from energy generation AIMS · Create awareness of the `bigger picture' that connects concerns over climate change and energy

Green, Donna

120

Scalable Scheduling of Building Control Systems for Peak Demand Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Behl, Rahul Mangharam and George J. Pappas Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering University operation of sub- systems such as heating, ventilating, air conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems is fundamental for their efficient behavior, especially in elec- trical systems and the electric grid [1]. Peak

Pappas, George J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Providing Regulation Services and Managing Data Center Peak Power Budgets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-based peak shaving. However, none of these publications consider the feasibility of using the energy storage AND RELATED WORK Substantial integration of electric vehicles and renewable energy sources into the electric utility companies use to ensure stability. It includes multiple mechanisms, such as demand-response (DR

Simunic, Tajana

122

Why Military and Intelligence Agencies Are “Peeking at Peak Oil”  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the spring of 2003 I received a telephone call that was, to me, astonishing. A lady introduced herself and told me that she worked for MUST. She and a colleague wanted to come to Uppsala to discuss Peak Oil wi...

Kjell Aleklett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Green Scheduling: Scheduling of Control Systems for Peak Power Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approach to fine-grained coordination of energy demand by scheduling energy consuming control systems of the system variables only, control system execution (i.e. when energy is supplied to the system-Scheduling; Energy Systems; Peak Power Reduction; Load Balancing; I. INTRODUCTION During a major sporting event

Pappas, George J.

124

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period U.S.¹ Summer Peak Load,² All Interconnections, 1986-2011 Summer Capacity Margin, 1996-2011 U.S.¹ Summer Peak Load² by NERC³ Regional Assessment Area, 2011 262 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. 2 See "Noncoincident Peak Load" in Glossary. 3 See "North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)" in Glossary. Notes: * Values for 2011 are forecast. * The summer peak period is June through September. Source: Table 8.12a. 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 0 300 600 900 Gigawatts 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 0 5 10 15 20 25 Percent 46 60 5 98 149 165 53 64 131 FRCC NPCC MAPP MISO PJM SERC SPP TRE

125

Categorical Exclusion for Pinnacle Peak Substation PCB contaminated Electrical  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion for Pinnacle Peak Substation PCB contaminated Electrical Equipment Removal Project located north of Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes drain and dispose of PCB contaminated oil from two bushings, and decontaminate one· bushing and rack, break apart PCB contaminated concrete and excavate PCB contaminated soil at Pinnacle Peak Substation. Western will be use existing access roads and vehicles such as cranes, backhoes, dozers, bucket trucks, crew trucks and pickup trucks to bring personnel and equipment to the work area. This work is necessary to maintain the safety and reliability of the bulk electrical system. The project is located in Maricopa County, Arizona. The attached map shows the

126

ARM - Field Campaign - Colorado: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsColorado: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation govCampaignsColorado: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX) Campaign Links STORMVEX Website Related Campaigns Colorado: CFH/CMH Deployment to StormVEx 2011.02.01, Mace, AMF Colorado: SP2 Deployment at StormVEx 2010.11.15, Sedlacek, AMF Colorado : Cavity Attenuated Phase Shift 2010.11.15, Massoli, AMF Colorado: Infrared Thermometer (IRT) 2010.11.15, Mace, AMF Colorado: StormVEX Aerosol Size Distribution 2010.11.15, Hallar, AMF Colorado: Direct Measurements of Snowfall 2010.11.15, McCubbin, AMF Colorado: Thunderhead Radiative Flux Analysis Campaign 2010.11.15, Long, AMF Colorado: Ice Nuclei and Cloud Condensation Nuclei Characterization 2010.11.15, Cziczo, AMF Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA.

127

Saving Power at Peak Hours (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

California needs new, responsive, demand-side energy technologies to ensure that periods of tight electricity supply on the grid don't turn into power outages. Led by Berkeley Lab's Mary Ann Piette, the California Energy Commission (through its Public Interest Energy Research Program) has established a Demand Response Research Center that addresses two motivations for adopting demand responsiveness: reducing average electricity prices and preventing future electricity crises. The research seeks to understand factors that influence "what works" in Demand Response. Piette's team is investigating the two types of demand response, load response and price response, that may influence and reduce the use of peak electric power through automated controls, peak pricing, advanced communications, and other strategies.

Piette, Mary Ann

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

128

Wanxiang Silicon Peak Electronics Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wanxiang Silicon Peak Electronics Co Ltd Wanxiang Silicon Peak Electronics Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Wanxiang Silicon-Peak Electronics Co Ltd Place Kaihua, Zhejiang Province, China Zip 324300 Sector Solar Product Maker of monocrystalline silicon ingots and wafers and subsidiary of the Wanxiang Group which includes solar cell and module maker Wanxiang Solar. Coordinates 29.140209°, 118.405113° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.140209,"lon":118.405113,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

129

Deconvolution of mixed gamma emitters using peak parameters  

SciTech Connect

When evaluating samples containing mixtures of nuclides using gamma spectroscopy the situation sometimes arises where the nuclides present have photon emissions that cannot be resolved by the detector. An example of this is mixtures of {sup 241}Am and plutonium that have L x-ray emissions with slightly different energies which cannot be resolved using a high-purity germanium detector. It is possible to deconvolute the americium L x-rays from those plutonium based on the {sup 241}Am 59.54 keV photon. However, this requires accurate knowledge of the relative emission yields. Also, it often results in high uncertainties in the plutonium activity estimate due to the americium yields being approximately an order of magnitude greater than those for plutonium. In this work, an alternative method of determining the relative fraction of plutonium in mixtures of {sup 241}Am and {sup 239}Pu based on L x-ray peak location and shape parameters is investigated. The sensitivity and accuracy of the peak parameter method is compared to that for conventional peak decovolution.

Gadd, Milan S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garcia, Francisco [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Magadalena, Vigil M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

130

K2 Energy Solutions formerly Peak Energy Solutions | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Solutions formerly Peak Energy Solutions Energy Solutions formerly Peak Energy Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name K2 Energy Solutions (formerly Peak Energy Solutions) Place Henderson, Nevada Zip 89074 Product Nevada-based designer and fabricator of Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) batteries for such applications as EVs, power tools and larger-scale storage. Coordinates 38.83461°, -82.140509° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.83461,"lon":-82.140509,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

131

Soil Sampling At Silver Peak Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Soil Sampling At Silver Peak Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005)...

132

Transverse Polarization for Energy Calibration at the Z peak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we deal with aspects of transverse polarization for the purpose of energy calibration of proposed circular colliders like the FCC-ee and the CEPC. The main issues of such a measurement will be discussed. The possibility of using this method to accurately determine the energy at the WW threshold as well as the Z peak will be addressed. The use of wigglers for reducing long polarization times will be discussed and a possible strategy will be presented for minimising the energy uncertainty error in these large machines.

Koratzinos, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

ESS 2012 Peer Review - PV Plus Storage for Simultaneous Voltage Smoothing and Peak Shifting - Steve Willard, PNM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mexico (PNM) - Mexico (PNM) - PV Plus Storage for Simultaneous Voltage PV Plus Storage for Simultaneous Voltage Smoothing and Peak Shifting DOE Peer Review Steve Willard, P.E. September 26, 2012 Project Goals - Develop an even more Beneficial Renewable Resource - Transferable Nationwide Renewable Resource Transferable Nationwide *Created a dispatchable, renewables-based peaking resource *Combined PV and storage at a substation targeting 15% peak-load reduction D t ti bi ti th t i lt l iti t lt l l *Demonstrating a combination that can simultaneously mitigate voltage-level fluctuations as well as enable load shifting *Developed power system models (baseline and projected), and cost/benefit economic models eco o c ode s *Generating, collecting, analyzing and sharing resultant data *Enabling distributed solutions that reduce GHG emissions through the

134

A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year ActualWeather Data Title A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year ActualWeather Data Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2013 Authors Hong, Tianzhen, Wen-Kuei Chang, and Hung-Wen Lin Keywords Actual meteorological year, Building simulation, Energy use, Peak electricity demand, Typical meteorological year, Weather data Abstract Buildings consume more than one third of the world's total primary energy. Weather plays a unique and significant role as it directly affects the thermal loads and thus energy performance of buildings. The traditional simulated energy performance using Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) weather data represents the building performance for a typical year, but not necessarily the average or typical long-term performance as buildings with different energy systems and designs respond differently to weather changes. Furthermore, the single-year TMY simulations do not provide a range of results that capture yearly variations due to changing weather, which is important for building energy management, and for performing risk assessments of energy efficiency investments. This paper employs large-scale building simulation (a total of 3162 runs) to study the weather impact on peak electricity demand and energy use with the 30-year (1980 to 2009) Actual Meteorological Year (AMY) weather data for three types of office buildings at two design efficiency levels, across all 17 ASHRAE climate zones. The simulated results using the AMY data are compared to those from the TMY3 data to determine and analyze the differences. Besides further demonstration, as done by other studies, that actual weather has a significant impact on both the peak electricity demand and energy use of buildings, the main findings from the current study include: 1) annual weather variation has a greater impact on the peak electricity demand than it does on energy use in buildings; 2) the simulated energy use using the TMY3 weather data is not necessarily representative of the average energy use over a long period, and the TMY3 results can be significantly higher or lower than those from the AMY data; 3) the weather impact is greater for buildings in colder climates than warmer climates; 4) the weather impact on the medium-sized office building was the greatest, followed by the large office and then the small office; and 5) simulated energy savings and peak demand reduction by energy conservation measures using the TMY3 weather data can be significantly underestimated or overestimated. It is crucial to run multi-decade simulations with AMY weather data to fully assess the impact of weather on the long-term performance of buildings, and to evaluate the energy savings potential of energy conservation measures for new and existing buildings from a life cycle perspective.

135

Peak oil supply or oil not for sale?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The restrictions imposed by climate change are inevitable and will be exerted either via precautionary mitigation of (mainly energy-related) CO2 emissions or via irreversible impacts on ecosystems and on human habitats. Either way, oil markets are bound to incur drastic shrinking. Concern over peak oil supply will crumble when the irrevocable peak oil demand is created. Replacing oil in the world's energy economies requires redirected market forces, notably in the form of steadily increasing oil end-use prices. Yet, thus far, crude oil prices have obeyed the market fundamentals of expanding-contracting demand and oligopolistic supply. A hockey stick supply curve supports high sales prices, providing large rents to submarginal sources. Cutting oil demand and maintaining high prices implies reducing the supply hockey stick's length by curtailing some oil producers. In such a scenario, the alliances, goals, and tactics of oil geopolitics are set to change. We identify a distribution over friendly and hostile oil suppliers, with others drifting in between the two sides. Conflicts and warfare are less aimed at conquering oil fields for exploitation than at paralyzing production capabilities of opponents or of unreliable transient sources. Covert warfare and instigation of internal conflicts are likely tactics to exhaust hostile opponents.

Aviel Verbruggen; Thijs Van de Graaf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Measurement of a Peak in the Cosmic Microwave Background Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a measurement of the angular power spectrum of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at scales of 03 to 5° from the North American test flight of the Boomerang experiment. Boomerang is a balloon-borne telescope with a bolometric receiver designed to map CMB anisotropies on a long-duration balloon flight. During a 6 hr test flight of a prototype system in 1997, we mapped more than 200 deg2 at high Galactic latitudes in two bands centered at 90 and 150 GHz with a resolution of 26' and 165 FWHM, respectively. Analysis of the maps gives a power spectrum with a peak at angular scales of 1° with an amplitude 70 ?KCMB.

P. D. Mauskopf; P. A. R. Ade; P. de Bernardis; J. J. Bock; J. Borrill; A. Boscaleri; B. P. Crill; G. DeGasperis; G. De Troia; P. Farese; P. G. Ferreira; K. Ganga; M. Giacometti; S. Hanany; V. V. Hristov; A. Iacoangeli; A. H. Jaffe; A. E. Lange; A. T. Lee; S. Masi; A. Melchiorri; F. Melchiorri; L. Miglio; T. Montroy; C. B. Netterfield; E. Pascale; F. Piacentini; P. L. Richards; G. Romeo; J. E. Ruhl; E. Scannapieco; F. Scaramuzzi; R. Stompor; N. Vittorio

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

N,N,NV,NV-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine initiates the appearance of a well-resolved I peak in the kinetics of chlorophyll fluorescence rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluorescence; Fm (=P)maximum level of chlorophyll fluorescence; Fv (=FmÃ?Fo), variable fluorescence; OEC, oxygen-evolving tissues, the initial fluorescence measured with all reaction centers in open state, Fo (O), rises to a peak level, Fm ( = P), observed when all reaction centers are closed, with two intermediate steps J (I1

Carpentier, Robert

138

Solar Photovoltaic Power Systems: Will They Reduce Utility Peaking Requirements?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...access to load-leveling storage. | Journal Article tion...natural surfac-tants in the seawater from Aquatron in-let...the utility has access to storage, either substation batteries or pumped-hydro storage (PHS). We simulated...

R. O. MUELLER; B. K. CHA; R. F. GIESE

1981-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

139

Development of an Efficient Maintenance Scheme for Peak Efficiency of Boilers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract––Presently the world has enormous advancement in science and technology the topic considered here is just a drop out of an ocean of knowledge. Higher product quality, better reliability, better availability of plants, optimization of cost and efficient working of boilers is the chief concern now a days. Generally the production can be increased by the efficient use of boilers and hence there is a lot of scope to minimize the boiler operation cost. A boiler maintenance improvement program must include two aspects: (1) action to bring the boiler to peak efficiency and (2) action to maintain the efficiency at the maximum level. Good maintenance and efficiency start with having a working knowledge of the components associated with the boiler, keeping records, etc., and end with cleaning heat transfer surfaces, adjusting the air-to-fuel ratio, etc. A well-planned maintenance program avoids unnecessary down time or costly repairs. It also promotes safety and aids boiler code and local inspectors. An inspection schedule listing the procedures should be established. Thus in this paper an attempt is made to develop an efficient maintenance scheme by which boilers can be used with peak efficiency.

Amit Kumar Jain; Anupam Singhal

140

Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project Geothermal Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Innovative Exploration Project Geothermal Project Innovative Exploration Project Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description The scope of this three phase project includes tasks to validate a variety of innovative exploration and drilling technologies which aim to accurately characterize the geothermal site and thereby reduce project risk. Phase 1 exploration will consist of two parts: 1) surface and near surface investigations and 2) subsurface geophysical surveys and modeling. The first part of Phase 1 includes: a hyperspectral imaging survey (to map thermal anomalies and geothermal indicator minerals), shallow temperature probe measurements, and drilling of temperature gradient wells to depths of 1000 feet. In the second part of Phase 1, 2D & 3D geophysical modeling and inversion of gravity, magnetic, and magnetotelluric datasets will be used to image the subsurface. This effort will result in the creation of a 3D model composed of structural, geological, and resistivity components. The 3D model will then be combined with the temperature data to create an integrated model that will be used to prioritize drill target locations.

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141

Logistic curves, extraction costs and effective peak oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Debates about the possibility of a near-term maximum in world oil production have become increasingly prominent over the past decade, with the focus often being on the quantification of geologically available and technologically recoverable amounts of oil in the ground. Economically, the important parameter is not a physical limit to resources in the ground, but whether market price signals and costs of extraction will indicate the efficiency of extracting conventional or nonconventional resources as opposed to making substitutions over time for other fuels and technologies. We present a hybrid approach to the peak-oil question with two models in which the use of logistic curves for cumulative production are supplemented with data on projected extraction costs and historical rates of capacity increase. While not denying the presence of large quantities of oil in the ground, even with foresight, rates of production of new nonconventional resources are unlikely to be sufficient to make up for declines in availability of conventional oil. Furthermore we show how the logistic-curve approach helps to naturally explain high oil prices even when there are significant quantities of low-cost oil yet to be extracted.

Robert J. Brecha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Robustness of a Neural Network Model for Power Peak Factor Estimation in Protection Systems  

SciTech Connect

This work presents results of robustness verification of artificial neural network correlations that improve the real time prediction of the power peak factor for reactor protection systems. The input variables considered in the correlation are those available in the reactor protection systems, namely, the axial power differences obtained from measured ex-core detectors, and the position of control rods. The correlations, based on radial basis function (RBF) and multilayer perceptron (MLP) neural networks, estimate the power peak factor, without faulty signals, with average errors between 0.13%, 0.19% and 0.15%, and maximum relative error of 2.35%. The robustness verification was performed for three different neural network correlations. The results show that they are robust against signal degradation, producing results with faulty signals with a maximum error of 6.90%. The average error associated to faulty signals for the MLP network is about half of that of the RBF network, and the maximum error is about 1% smaller. These results demonstrate that MLP neural network correlation is more robust than the RBF neural network correlation. The results also show that the input variables present redundant information. The axial power difference signals compensate the faulty signal for the position of a given control rod, and improves the results by about 10%. The results show that the errors in the power peak factor estimation by these neural network correlations, even in faulty conditions, are smaller than the current PWR schemes which may have uncertainties as high as 8%. Considering the maximum relative error of 2.35%, these neural network correlations would allow decreasing the power peak factor safety margin by about 5%. Such a reduction could be used for operating the reactor with a higher power level or with more flexibility. The neural network correlation has to meet requirements of high integrity software that performs safety grade actions. It is shown that the correlation is a very simple algorithm that can be easily codified in software. Due to its simplicity, it facilitates the necessary process of validation and verification. (authors)

Souza, Rose Mary G.P.; Moreira, Joao M.L. [Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo - CTMSP, avenida Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2468 - Butanta, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Observation, modeling, and temperature dependence of doubly peaked electric fields in irradiated silicon pixel sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that doubly peaked electric fields are necessary to describe grazing-angle charge collection measurements of irradiated silicon pixel sensors. A model of irradiated silicon based upon two defect levels with opposite charge states and the trapping of charge carriers can be tuned to produce a good description of the measured charge collection profiles in the fluence range from 0.5x10^{14} Neq/cm^2 to 5.9x10^{14} Neq/cm^2. The model correctly predicts the variation in the profiles as the temperature is changed from -10C to -25C. The measured charge collection profiles are inconsistent with the linearly-varying electric fields predicted by the usual description based upon a uniform effective doping density. This observation calls into question the practice of using effective doping densities to characterize irradiated silicon.

M. Swartz; V. Chiochia; Y. Allkofer; D. Bortoletto; L. Cremaldi; S. Cucciarelli; A. Dorokhov; C. Hoermann; D. Kim; M. Konecki; D. Kotlinski; K. Prokofiev; C. Regenfus; T. Rohe; D. A. Sanders; S. Son; T. Speer

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

144

Modeling of GE Appliances in GridLAB-D: Peak Demand Reduction  

SciTech Connect

The widespread adoption of demand response enabled appliances and thermostats can result in significant reduction to peak electrical demand and provide potential grid stabilization benefits. GE has developed a line of appliances that will have the capability of offering several levels of demand reduction actions based on information from the utility grid, often in the form of price. However due to a number of factors, including the number of demand response enabled appliances available at any given time, the reduction of diversity factor due to the synchronizing control signal, and the percentage of consumers who may override the utility signal, it can be difficult to predict the aggregate response of a large number of residences. The effects of these behaviors can be modeled and simulated in open-source software, GridLAB-D, including evaluation of appliance controls, improvement to current algorithms, and development of aggregate control methodologies. This report is the first in a series of three reports describing the potential of GE's demand response enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid. The first report will describe the modeling methodology used to represent the GE appliances in the GridLAB-D simulation environment and the estimated potential for peak demand reduction at various deployment levels. The second and third reports will explore the potential of aggregated group actions to positively impact grid stability, including frequency and voltage regulation and spinning reserves, and the impacts on distribution feeder voltage regulation, including mitigation of fluctuations caused by high penetration of photovoltaic distributed generation and the effects on volt-var control schemes.

Fuller, Jason C.; Vyakaranam, Bharat GNVSR; Prakash Kumar, Nirupama; Leistritz, Sean M.; Parker, Graham B.

2012-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

145

Peak water limits to freshwater withdrawal and use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...use. Some energy experts...definitions set per-capita availability...of oil as demand rises...maximum level. Per-capita water withdrawals...product (GDP) in 2005...kilometers per year (right...of cooling demand also seems unlikely...

Peter H. Gleick; Meena Palaniappan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Design and evaluation of seasonal storage hydrogen peak electricity supply system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The seasonal storage hydrogen peak electricity supply system (SSHPESS) is a gigawatt-year hydrogen storage system which stores excess electricity produced as hydrogen during off-peak periods and consumes the stored hydrogen ...

Oloyede, Isaiah Olanrewaju

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Signal Peak-Tracker based on the Teager-Kaiser Energy (TKE) Operator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Described is a modification of the TKE operator from its usual `energy form'. The resulting `peak-tracker' (or peak-detector) is especially useful in studies that involve the frequency domain.

Randall D. Peters

2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

148

The evolution and present status of the study on peak oil in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peak oil theory is a theory concerning long-term oil reserves and the rate of oil production. Peak oil refers to the maximum rate of the production of oil or gas in any area under consideration. ... from three as...

Xiongqi Pang; Lin Zhao; Lianyong Feng; Qingyang Meng; Xu Tang…

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Two kinds of peaked solitary waves of the KdV, BBM and Boussinesq equations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is well-known that the celebrated Camassa-Holm equation has the peaked solitary waves, which have ... solutions of peaked solitary waves of the KdV equation, the BBM equation and the Boussinesq equation are gi...

ShiJun Liao

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

THE ROLE OF BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES IN REDUCING AND CONTROLLING PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-49947 THE ROLE OF BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES IN REDUCING AND CONTROLLING PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND? ..................................... 8 What are the seasonal aspects of electric peak demand?............................ 9 What because of the California electricity crisis (Borenstein 2001). Uncertainties surrounding the reliability

151

MonteCarlo and Analytical Methods for Forced Outage Rate Calculations of Peaking Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(unavailability) of such units. This thesis examines the representation of peaking units using a four-state model and performs the analytical calculations and Monte Carlo simulations to examine whether such a model does indeed represent the peaking units...

Rondla, Preethi 1988-

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

152

Resonant tunneling with high peak to valley current ratio in SiO{sub 2}/nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} multi-layers at room temperature  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated carrier transport in SiO{sub 2}/nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} multi-layers by room temperature current-voltage measurements. Resonant tunneling signatures accompanied by current peaks are observed. Carrier transport in the multi-layers were analyzed by plots of ln(I/V{sup 2}) as a function of 1/V and ln(I) as a function of V{sup 1/2}. Results suggest that besides films quality, nc-Si and barrier sub-layer thicknesses are important parameters that restrict carrier transport. When thicknesses are both small, direct tunneling dominates carrier transport, resonant tunneling occurs only at certain voltages and multi-resonant tunneling related current peaks can be observed but with peak to valley current ratio (PVCR) values smaller than 1.5. When barrier thickness is increased, trap-related and even high field related tunneling is excited, causing that multi-current peaks cannot be observed clearly, only one current peak with higher PVCR value of 7.7 can be observed. While if the thickness of nc-Si is large enough, quantum confinement is not so strong, a broad current peak with PVCR value as high as 60 can be measured, which may be due to small energy difference between the splitting energy levels in the quantum dots of nc-Si. Size distribution in a wide range may cause un-controllability of the peak voltages.

Chen, D. Y., E-mail: cdy7659@126.com [Department of Physics, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Key Laboratory of Advanced Photonic and Electronic, materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Nanjing University of posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046 (China); Sun, Y.; He, Y. J. [Nanjing University of posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046 (China); Xu, L.; Xu, J. [Department of Physics, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Key Laboratory of Advanced Photonic and Electronic, materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

153

The suppression of fluorescence peaks in energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown experimentally that diffraction peaks which are normally obscured by fluorescence peaks in energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction can be revealed by tuning of the X-ray tube excitation voltage in order to suppress the fluorescence peaks.

Hansford, G.M.

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

154

Polyribosomes in Rat Tissues: IV. On the Abnormal Dimer Peak in Hepatomas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...previously (11) that the dimer peak which is present in both the...between the monomer and dimer peaks. Also only slight changes are...height of the monomer and dimer peaks when the Novikoff hepatoma was...in an equal volume of mineral oil 12 hr before removal of the...

Thomas E. Webb and Van R. Potter

1966-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Result Demonstration Report Pigweed Control in Grain Sorghum Using Peak. 1996 to 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

74 78 Peak + Methylated Oil 0.75 oz + 1 pt 78 88 93 1) WAT = Weeks after treatment application. #12Result Demonstration Report Pigweed Control in Grain Sorghum Using Peak. 1996 to 1999 Brent Bean Summary Studies were conducted from 1996 to 1999 to evaluate pigweed control in grain sorghum using Peak

Mukhtar, Saqib

156

Base-Load and Peak Electricity from a Combined Nuclear Heat and Fossil Combined-Cycle Plant  

SciTech Connect

A combined-cycle power plant is proposed that uses heat from a high-temperature reactor and fossil fuel to meet base-load and peak electrical demands. The high-temperature gas turbine produces shaft power to turn an electric generator. The hot exhaust is then fed to a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) that provides steam to a steam turbine for added electrical power production. A simplified computational model of the thermal power conversion system was developed in order to parametrically investigate two different steady-state operation conditions: base load nuclear heat only from an Advanced High Temperature Reactor (AHTR), and combined nuclear heat with fossil heat to increase the turbine inlet temperature. These two cases bracket the expected range of power levels, where any intermediate power level can result during electrical load following. The computed results indicate that combined nuclear-fossil systems have the potential to offer both low-cost base-load electricity and lower-cost peak power relative to the existing combination of base-load nuclear plants and separate fossil-fired peak-electricity production units. In addition, electric grid stability, reduced greenhouse gases, and operational flexibility can also result with using the conventional technology presented here for the thermal power conversion system coupled with the AHTR.

Conklin, Jim [ORNL; Forsberg, Charles W [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Base-Load and Peak Electricity from a Combined Nuclear Heat and Fossil Combined-Cycle Plant  

SciTech Connect

A combined-cycle power plant is proposed that uses heat from a high-temperature reactor and fossil fuel to meet base-load and peak electrical demands. The high temperature gas turbine produces shaft power to turn an electric generator. The hot exhaust is then fed to a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) that provides steam to a steam turbine for added electrical power production. A simplified computational model of the thermal power conversion system was developed in order to parametrically investigate two different steady-state operation conditions: base load nuclear heat only from an Advanced High Temperature Reactor (AHTR), and combined nuclear heat with fossil heat to increase the turbine inlet temperature. These two cases bracket the expected range of power levels, where any intermediate power level can result during electrical load following. The computed results indicate that combined nuclear-fossil systems have the potential to offer both low-cost base-load electricity and lower-cost peak power relative to the existing combination of base-load nuclear plants and separate fossil-fired peak-electricity production units. In addition, electric grid stability, reduced greenhouse gases, and operational flexibility can also result with using the conventional technology presented here for the thermal power conversion system coupled with the AHTR. (authors)

Conklin, James C.; Forsberg, Charles W. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050 Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050 Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Deployment Data Website: www.iea.org/papers/2011/smart_grid_peak_load.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/impact-smart-grid-technologies-peak-l Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation Regulations: Cost Recovery/Allocation This working paper analyses the evolution of peak load demand to 2050 in four key regions: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

159

Insights from Smart Meters: The Potential for Peak-Hour Savings from Behavior-Based Programs  

SciTech Connect

The rollout of smart meters in the last several years has opened up new forms of previously unavailable energy data. Many utilities are now able in real-time to capture granular, household level interval usage data at very high-frequency levels for a large proportion of their residential and small commercial customer population. This can be linked to other time and locationspecific information, providing vast, constantly growing streams of rich data (sometimes referred to by the recently popular buzz word, “big data”). Within the energy industry there is increasing interest in tapping into the opportunities that these data can provide. What can we do with all of these data? The richness and granularity of these data enable many types of creative and cutting-edge analytics. Technically sophisticated and rigorous statistical techniques can be used to pull interesting insights out of this highfrequency, human-focused data. We at LBNL are calling this “behavior analytics”. This kind of analytics has the potential to provide tremendous value to a wide range of energy programs. For example, highly disaggregated and heterogeneous information about actual energy use would allow energy efficiency (EE) and/or demand response (DR) program implementers to target specific programs to specific households; would enable evaluation, measurement and verification (EM&V) of energy efficiency programs to be performed on a much shorter time horizon than was previously possible; and would provide better insights in to the energy and peak hour savings associated with specifics types of EE and DR programs (e.g., behavior-based (BB) programs). In this series, “Insights from Smart Meters”, we will present concrete, illustrative examples of the type of value that insights from behavior analytics of these data can provide (as well as pointing out its limitations). We will supply several types of key findings, including: • Novel results, which answer questions the industry previously was unable to answer; • Proof-of-concept analytics tools that can be adapted and used by others; and • Guidelines and protocols that summarize analytical best practices. This report focuses on one example of the kind of value that analysis of this data can provide: insights into whether behavior-based (BB) efficiency programs have the potential to provide peak-hour energy savings.

Todd, Annika; Perry, Michael; Smith, Brian; Sullivan, Michael; Cappers, Peter; Goldman, Charles

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

160

GRABGAM: A Gamma Analysis Code for Ultra-Low-Level HPGe SPECTRA  

SciTech Connect

The GRABGAM code has been developed for analysis of ultra-low-level HPGe gamma spectra. The code employs three different size filters for the peak search, where the largest filter provides best sensitivity for identifying low-level peaks and the smallest filter has the best resolution for distinguishing peaks within a multiplet. GRABGAM basically generates an integral probability F-function for each singlet or multiplet peak analysis, bypassing the usual peak fitting analysis for a differential f-function probability model. Because F is defined by the peak data, statistical limitations for peak fitting are avoided; however, the F-function does provide generic values for peak centroid, full width at half maximum, and tail that are consistent with a Gaussian formalism. GRABGAM has successfully analyzed over 10,000 customer samples, and it interfaces with a variety of supplementary codes for deriving detector efficiencies, backgrounds, and quality checks.

Winn, W.G.

1999-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Pressure Temperature Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Pressure Temperature Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Pressure Temperature Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique Pressure Temperature Log Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Pressure_Temperature_Log_At_Silver_Peak_Area_(DOE_GTP)&oldid=511053" Categories: Exploration Activities

162

E-Print Network 3.0 - annihilation coincidence peak Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

peak is seen at 3375 keV with 6000... . the annihilation spectra from the polyethylene and gold tar- ... Source: Golovchenko, Jene A. - Department of Physics, Harvard...

163

RESCHEDULED: Webinar on Material Handling Fuel Cells for Building Electric Peak Shaving Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Fuel Cell Technologies Office will present a live webinar entitled "Material Handling Fuel Cells for Building Electric Peak Shaving Applications".

164

The origin of brucite in hydrothermally altered limestone near Devil Peak, Nevada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Open-space brucite was identified in veins crosscutting hydrothermally altered limestone near the Devil Peak rhyolite plug in southern Nevada. The brucite occurs with serpentine, calcite,… (more)

Knupp, Rhonda L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial extra peaks Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A L . 2004 American Meteorological Society Summary: with theory, extratropical stochastic wind forces a decadal spectral peak in the tropical and eastern boundary... forcing, with...

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - adduct peak elimination Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in 1,2-eliminations observed for HF loss... peak could be the CF3 + adduct of acrolein ... Source: Morton, Thomas Hellman - Department of Chemistry, University of...

167

Total and Peak Energy Consumption Minimization of Building HVAC Systems Using Model Predictive Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

combination of the total energy consumption and the peakalso reduces the total energy consumption of the occupancyTotal and Peak Energy Consumption Minimization of Building

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Konsekvenser av Peak Oil i relation till fysisk planering - En fallstudie av Växjö kommun.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Arbetets syfte är att uppmärksamma den problematik som är kopplad till Peak Oil, samt genom att exemplifiera med Växjö kommun, undersöka på vilket sätt fysisk… (more)

Edholm, Hedvig

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Food production after peak oil| Oregon's Willamette river basin as a bioregional case study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Agriculture will experience radical new challenges in the next forty years. Peak oil, which is likely to occur before 2020, will result in potentially… (more)

Hruska, Tracy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

2-M Probe At Desert Peak Area (Sladek, Et Al., 2007) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sladek, Et Al., 2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: 2-M Probe At Desert Peak Area (Sladek, Et Al., 2007) Exploration Activity...

171

Design optimization of the electrically peaking hybrid (ELPH) vehicle. Research report  

SciTech Connect

Electrically Peaking Hybrid (ELPH) is a parallel hybrid electric vehicle propulsion concept that was invented at Texas A and M University, by the advanced vehicle systems research group. Over the past six years, design methodologies, component development, and system optimization work has been going on for this invention. This project was a first attempt in integrating the above developments into an optimized design of an ELPH passenger car. Design specifications were chosen for a full size passenger car, performing as well as any conventional car, over the EPA-FTP-75 combined city/highway drive cycles. The results of this design project were two propulsion systems. Both were appropriate for commercial production, from the points of view of cost, availability of the technologies, and components. One utilized regenerative braking and the other did not. Substantial fuel savings and emissions reductions resulted from simulating these designs on the FTP-75 drive cycle. For example, the authors` ELPH full size car, with regenerative braking, was capable of delivering over 50 miles per gallon in city driving, with corresponding reductions in its emissions. This project established the viability of the authors` ELPH concept and their design methodologies, in computer simulations. More work remains to be done on investigating more advanced power plants, such as fuel cells, and more advanced components, such as switched reluctance motor drives, for the authors` designs. Furthermore, the authors` design optimization can be carried out to more detailed levels, for prototyping and production.

Ehsani, M.; Gao, Y.; Butler, K.

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Underground Natural Gas Working Storage Capacity - Methodology  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summary Prices Exploration & Reserves Production Imports/Exports Pipelines Storage Consumption All Natural Gas Data Reports Analysis & Projections Most Requested Consumption Exploration & Reserves Imports/Exports & Pipelines Prices Production Projections Storage All Reports ‹ See All Natural Gas Reports Underground Natural Gas Working Storage Capacity With Data for November 2012 | Release Date: July 24, 2013 | Next Release Date: Spring 2014 Previous Issues Year: 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 Go Methodology Demonstrated Peak Working Gas Capacity Estimates: Estimates are based on aggregation of the noncoincident peak levels of working gas inventories at individual storage fields as reported monthly over a 60-month period ending in November 2012 on Form EIA-191, "Monthly Natural Gas Underground Storage

173

Plasmonic Nature of the Terahertz Conductivity Peak in Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plasmonic Nature of the Terahertz Conductivity Peak in Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes Qi Zhang, Erik resonance is expected to occur in metallic and doped semiconducting carbon nanotubes in the terahertz conductivity peak commonly observed for carbon nanotube ensembles remains controversial. Here we present

Kono, Junichiro

174

Distributed Battery Control to Improve Peak Power Shaving Efficiency in Data Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rack PDU BackupMain Bus-type power network Utility Diesel Generator ATS PDU Server Rack Server RackDistributed Battery Control to Improve Peak Power Shaving Efficiency in Data Centers Baris Aksanli, Eddie Pettis and Tajana S. Rosing UCSD, Google Stored energy in batteries can be used to cap peak power

Simunic, Tajana

175

20 th International Sacramento Peak Summer Workshop Advanced Solar Polarimetry -Theory, Observation, and Instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Quiet Sun Alexei A. Pevtsov National Solar Observatory/Sacramento Peak, PO Box 62, Sunspot, New Mexico20 th International Sacramento Peak Summer Workshop Advanced Solar Polarimetry - Theory in the solar activity on all spatial scales. It is believed that the strong magnetic #12;eld (active regions

Pevtsov, Alexei A.

176

An Approximate Method to Assess the Peaking Capability of the NW Hydroelectric System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT 1 An Approximate Method to Assess the Peaking Capability of the NW Hydroelectric System September 26, 2005 The best way to assess the hydroelectric system's peaking capability is to simulate its. This model simulates the operation of the major hydroelectric projects over a one-week (168 hour) period

177

InSAR At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

InSAR At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) InSAR At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique InSAR Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes InSAR Ground Displacement Analysis, Gary Oppliger and Mark Coolbaugh. This project supports increased utilization of geothermal resources in the Western United States by developing basic measurements and interpretations that will assist reservoir management and expansion at Bradys, Desert Peak and the Desert Peak EGS study area (80 km NE of Reno, Nevada) and will serve as a technology template for other geothermal fields. Raw format European Space Agency (ESA) ERS 1/2 satellite synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) radar scenes acquired from 1992 through 2002 are being processed to

178

On the portents of peak oil (and other indicators of resource scarcity)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economists have studied various indicators of resource scarcity but largely ignored the phenomenon of “peaking” due to its connection to non-economic (physical) theories of resource exhaustion. I consider peaking from the economic point of view, where economic forces determine the shape of the equilibrium extraction path. Within that framework, I ask whether the timing of peak production reveals anything useful about scarcity. I find peaking to be an ambiguous indicator. If someone announced the peak would arrive earlier than expected, and you believed them, you would not know whether the news was good or bad. However, I also show that the traditional economic indicators of resource scarcity (price, cost, and rent) fare no better, and argue that previous studies have misconstrued the connection between changes in underlying scarcity and movements in these traditional indicators.

James L. Smith

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Between 2000 and 2010, world oil prices advanced from approximately $25 per barrel to more than $100 per barrel. The price appreciation of oil over the decade was around ten times the rate of inflation.

Robert Rapier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

First versus subsequent return-stroke current and field peaks in negative cloud-to-ground lightning discharges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First versus subsequent return-stroke current and field peaks in negative cloud-to-ground lightning examine relative magnitudes of electric field peaks of first and subsequent return strokes in negative, the electric field peak of the first stroke is appreciably, 1.7 to 2.4 times, larger than the field peak

Florida, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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181

Decarbonization and the time-delay between peak CO2 emissions and concentrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon-dioxide (CO2) is the main contributor to anthropogenic global warming, and the timing of its peak concentration in the atmosphere is likely to govern the timing of maximum radiative forcing. While dynamics of atmospheric CO2 is governed by multiple time-constants, we idealize this by a single time-constant to consider some of the factors describing the time-delay between peaks in CO2 emissions and concentrations. This time-delay can be understood as the time required to bring CO2 emissions down from its peak to a small value, and is governed by the rate of decarbonizaton of economic activity. This decarbonization rate affects how rapidly emissions decline after having achieved their peak, and a rapid decline in emissions is essential for limiting peak radiative forcing. Long-term mitigation goals for CO2 should therefore consider not only the timing of peak emissions, but also the rate of decarbonization. We discuss implications for mitigation of the fact that the emissions peak corresponds to small bu...

Seshadri, Ashwin K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Development of oil formation theories and their importance for peak oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reviews the historical development of both biogenic and non-biogenic petroleum formation. It also examines the recent claim that the so-called “abiotic” oil formation theory undermines the concept of “peak oil,” i.e. the notion that world oil production is destined to reach a maximum that will be followed by an irreversible decline. We show that peak oil is first and foremost a matter of production flows. Consequently, the mechanism of oil formation does not strongly affect depletion. We would need to revise the theory beyond peak oil only for the extreme — and unlikely — hypothesis of abiotic petroleum formation.

Mikael Höök; Ugo Bardi; Lianyong Feng; Xiongqi Pang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Higher-order pair-conversion peaks in heavy-ion collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze quantum electrodynamic pair creation from vibrating nuclear ‘‘quasimolecules’’ which may occur in collisions of heavy ions. We find that higher-order processes, which can be phenomenologically relevant for sufficiently long lived systems, can result in coincident narrow peaks even for subcritical systems. The Z dependence of the energy of the peaks can be much softer than that predicted for positrons from ‘‘sparking’’ of the vacuum. Our results may be relevant to peaks which have been observed at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI).

Denis Carrier and Lawrence M. Krauss

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

63: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak 63: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of updating the vegetation management and right-of-way maintenance program for Western's Glen Canyon to Pinnacle Peak 345-kV transmission lines, which cross the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona. For more information on this EA, contact: Ms. Linette King at: lking@wapa.gov. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

185

EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak 3: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of updating the vegetation management and right-of-way maintenance program for Western's Glen Canyon to Pinnacle Peak 345-kV transmission lines, which cross the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona. For more information on this EA, contact: Ms. Linette King at: lking@wapa.gov. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

186

New Methods In Exploration At The Socorro Peak Kgra- A Gred Iii Project |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methods In Exploration At The Socorro Peak Kgra- A Gred Iii Project Methods In Exploration At The Socorro Peak Kgra- A Gred Iii Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: New Methods In Exploration At The Socorro Peak Kgra- A Gred Iii Project Details Activities (6) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology is investigating a Known Geothermal Resource Area in Socorro NM in attempts at locating a low temperature (65-100 °C) geothermal reservoir for direct-use heating on campus. The KGRA is positioned near the Socorro Peak mountain block, a Basin and Range normal-fault terrain superimposed by an Oligocene caldera margin. Preexisting evidence of this geothermal resource includes heat gradients upwards of 490mW/m2 from thermal-gradient wells, tepid spring

187

Peak Power Reduction Strategies for the Lighting Systems in Government Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presents an approach developed to reduce the peak power demand in the lighting. The approach included optimum use of daylight, time of day control and delamping. The implementation of this approach for eight government buildings with occupancy of between 7...

Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Univariate time-series forecasting of monthly peak demand of electricity in northern India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study forecasts the monthly peak demand of electricity in the northern region of India using univariate time-series techniques namely Multiplicative Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (MSARIMA) and Holt-Winters Multiplicative Exponential Smoothing (ES) for seasonally unadjusted monthly data spanning from April 2000 to February 2007. In-sample forecasting reveals that the MSARIMA model outperforms the ES model in terms of lower root mean square error, mean absolute error and mean absolute percent error criteria. It has been found that ARIMA (2, 0, 0) (0, 1, 1)12 is the best fitted model to explain the monthly peak demand of electricity, which has been used to forecast the monthly peak demand of electricity in northern India, 15 months ahead from February 2007. This will help Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre to make necessary arrangements a priori to meet the future peak demand.

Sajal Ghosh

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Redesigning experimental equipment for determining peak pressure in a simulated tank car transfer line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When liquids are transported from storage tanks to tank cars, improper order of valve openings can cause pressure surges in the transfer line. To model this phenomenon and predict the peak pressures in such a transfer line, ...

Diaz, Richard A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

On The Portents of Peak Oil (And Other Indicators of Resource Scarcity)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although economists have studied various indicators of resource scarcity (e.g., unit cost, resource rent, and market price), the phenomenon of “peaking” has largely been ignored due to its connection to non-economic theories ...

Smith, James L.

191

Demand response: a strategy to address residential air-conditioning peak load in Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rapid growth in electricity network peak demand is increasing pressure for new investment which may be used for only a few hours a year. Residential air-conditioning is widely believed to be the prime cause of...

Robert Smith; Ke Meng; Zhaoyang Dong…

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Discovery and geology of the Desert Peak geothermal field: a case history. Bulletin 97  

SciTech Connect

A case history of the exploration, development (through 1980), and geology of the Desert Peak geothermal field is presented. Sections on geochemistry, geophysics, and temperature-gradient drilling are included.

Benoit, W.R.; Hiner, J.E.; Forest, R.T.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - ag peaks disappear Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Journal of Physical Chemistry C is published by the American Chemical Summary: to the formation of oxide species for Pt and Ag. However, after several cycles, this peak...

194

Response of Professional Societies and Conservation Organizations to Peak Oil and Economic Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peaking of the world’s oil supply is resulting in economic, social, ... way to live and is utterly dependent on oil. Addressing current environmental problems is already a ... up their efforts to address global i...

David L. Trauger; Rhonda D. Jackson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The Formation of ASPO and the Growing Influence of the “Peak Oil” Community  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first question to be asked is why nobodly noticed the peak oil issue before? Well, in fact, people ... students Al-Jarri and Al-Fattah who plotted oil and gas production of every country using ... past decade...

Charles A. S. Hall; Carlos A. Ramírez-Pascualli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Changes in measured lightning return stroke peak current after the 1994 National Lightning Detection Network upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since a comprehensive upgrade of the US National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) in 1994, the mean peak current of detected cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning flashes has decreased, the number of detected flashes has increased, and the percentage...

Wacker, Robert Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

197

Using Compressed Air Efficiency Projects to Reduce Peak Industrial Electric Demands: Lessons Learned  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"To help customers respond to the wildly fluctuating energy markets in California, Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) initiated an emergency electric demand reduction program in October 2000 to cut electric use during peak periods. One component...

Skelton, J.

198

Phase-Change Frame Walls (PCFWs) for Peak Demand Reduction, Load Shifting, Energy Conservation and Comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) for lowering peak heat transfer rates across walls of residential and small commercial buildings. A PCFW is a typical wall in which phase change materials (PCMs) have been incorporated via macroencapsulation to enhance the energy storage capabilities...

Medina, M.; Stewart, R.

199

Webinar February 17: Material Handling Fuel Cells for Building Electric Peak Shaving Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Fuel Cell Technologies Office will present a live webinar entitled "Material Handling Fuel Cells for Building Electric Peak Shaving Applications" on Tuesday, February 17, from 12 to 1 p.m. Eastern Standard Time.

200

College of Engineering Fall 2010 PEAK Local Situational Awareness (LSA) System for Department  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENNSTATE College of Engineering Fall 2010 PEAK Local Situational Awareness (LSA) System and create a working prototype that has the ability to retrieve text, audio, still photos and videos

Demirel, Melik C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Temperature evolution of the spectral peak in high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent photoemission data in the high-temperature cuprate superconductor Bi2212 have been interpreted in terms of a sharp spectral peak with a temperature-independent lifetime, whose weight strongly decreases upon heating. By a detailed analysis of the data, we are able to extract the temperature dependence of the electron self-energy, and demonstrate that this interpretation is misleading. Rather, the spectral peak loses its integrity above Tc due to a large reduction in the electron lifetime.

M. R. Norman; A. Kaminski; J. Mesot; J. C. Campuzano

2001-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

202

Determination of a peak benzene exposure to consumers at typical self-service gasoline stations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DETERMINATION OF A PEAK BENZENE EXPOSURE TO CONSUMERS AT TYPICAL SELF-SERVICE GASOLINE STATIONS A Thesis by TED CARAPEZZA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in Partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject: Industrial Hygiene DETERMINATION OF A PEAK BENZENE EXPOSURE TO CONSUMERS AT TYPICAL SELF-SERVICE GASOLINE STATIONS A Thesis by TED CARAPEZZA Approved as to style and content by: (. (iL, &? Chairman...

Carapezza, Ted

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

203

On the reliability of peak-flux distributions, with an application to solar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Narrow-band radio spikes have been recorded during a solar flare with unprecedented resolution. This unique example allows to study the effect of low resolution in previously published peak-flux distributions of radio spikes. We give a general, analytical expression for how an actual peak-flux distribution is changed in shape if the peaks are determined with low temporal and/or frequency resolution. It turns out that, generally, low resolution tends to cause an exponential behavior at large flux values if the actual distribution is of power-law shape. The distribution may be severely altered if the burst-duration depends on the peak-flux. The derived expression is applicable also to peak-flux distributions derived at other wavelengths (e.g. soft and hard X-rays, EUV). We show that for the analyzed spike-event the resolution was sufficient for a reliable peak flux distribution. It can be fitted by generalized power-laws or by an exponential.

H. Isliker; A. O. Benz

2001-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

204

NREL's Energy-Saving Technology for Air Conditioning Cuts Peak Power Loads Without Using Harmful Refrigerants (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes how the DEVAP air conditioner was invented, explains how the technology works, and why it won an R&D 100 Award. Desiccant-enhanced evaporative (DEVAP) air-conditioning will provide superior comfort for commercial buildings in any climate at a small fraction of the electricity costs of conventional air-conditioning equipment, releasing far less carbon dioxide and cutting costly peak electrical demand by an estimated 80%. Air conditioning currently consumes about 15% of the electricity generated in the United States and is a major contributor to peak electrical demand on hot summer days, which can lead to escalating power costs, brownouts, and rolling blackouts. DEVAP employs an innovative combination of air-cooling technologies to reduce energy use by up to 81%. DEVAP also shifts most of the energy needs to thermal energy sources, reducing annual electricity use by up to 90%. In doing so, DEVAP is estimated to cut peak electrical demand by nearly 80% in all climates. Widespread use of this cooling cycle would dramatically cut peak electrical loads throughout the country, saving billions of dollars in investments and operating costs for our nation's electrical utilities. Water is already used as a refrigerant in evaporative coolers, a common and widely used energy-saving technology for arid regions. The technology cools incoming hot, dry air by evaporating water into it. The energy absorbed by the water as it evaporates, known as the latent heat of vaporization, cools the air while humidifying it. However, evaporative coolers only function when the air is dry, and they deliver humid air that can lower the comfort level for building occupants. And even many dry climates like Phoenix, Arizona, have a humid season when evaporative cooling won't work well. DEVAP extends the applicability of evaporative cooling by first using a liquid desiccant-a water-absorbing material-to dry the air. The dry air is then passed to an indirect evaporative cooling stage, in which the incoming air is in thermal contact with a moistened surface that evaporates the water into a separate air stream. As the evaporation cools the moistened surface, it draws heat from the incoming air without adding humidity to it. A number of cooling cycles have been developed that employ indirect evaporative cooling, but DEVAP achieves a superior efficiency relative to its technological siblings.

Not Available

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS: The UK Threat Level is decided by the Government's Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC). It is the system to assess the threat to the UK from Threat Levels: Low - an attack is unlikely Moderate - an attack is possible, but not likely Substantial

Edinburgh, University of

206

The Fermi blazars' divide based on the diagnostic of the SEDs peak frequencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the quasi-simultaneous Spectral Energy Distributions (SED) of 48 LBAS blazars, detected within the three months of the LAT Bright AGN Sample (LBAS) data taking period, combining Fermi and Swift data with radio NIR-Optical and hard-X/gamma-ray data. Using these quasi-simultaneous SEDs, sampling both the low and the high energy peak of the blazars broad band emission, we were able to apply a diagnostic tool based on the estimate of the peak frequencies of the synchrotron (S) and Inverse Compton (IC) components. Our analysis shows a Fermi blazars' divide based on the peak frequencies of the SED. The robust result is that the Synchrotron Self Compton (SSC) region divides in two the plane were we plot the peak frequency of the synchrotron SED vs the typical Lorentz factor of the electrons most contributing to the synchrotron emission and to the inverse Compton process. Objects within or below this region, radiating likely via the SSC process, are high-frequency-peaked BL Lac object (HBL), or low/in...

Tramacere, A; Giommi, P; Mazziotta, N; Monte, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Views on peak oil and its relation to climate change policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Definitions of fossil fuel reserves and resources and assessed stock data are reviewed and clarified. Semantics explain a large stake of conflict between advocate and critical voices on peak oil. From a holistic sources–sinks perspective, limited carrying capacity of atmospheric sinks, not absolute scarcity in oil resources, will impose tight constraints on oil use. Eventually observed peaks in oil production in nearby years will result from politically imposed limits on carbon emissions, and not be caused by physical lack of oil resources. Peak-oil belief induces passive climate policy attitudes when suggesting carbon dioxide emissions will peak naturally linked to dwindling oil supplies. Active policies for reducing emissions and use of fossil fuels will also encompass higher energy end-use prices. Revenues obtained from higher levies on oil use can support financing energy efficiency and renewable energy options. But when oil producers charge the higher prices they can pump new oil for many decades, postponing peak oil to occur while extending carbon lock-in.

Aviel Verbruggen; Mohamed Al Marchohi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

A physical model for active galactic nuclei with double-peaked broad emission lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The double-peaked broad emission lines are usually thought to be linked to accretion disks, however, the local viscous heating in the line-emitting disk portion is usually insufficient for the observed double-peaked broad-line luminosity in most sources. Our calculations show that only a small fraction (line-emitting disk portion, because the solid angle of the outer disk portion subtended to the inner region of the RIAF is too small. We propose that only those AGNs with sufficient matter above the disk (slowly moving jets or outflows) can scatter enough photons radiated from the inner disk region to the outer line-emitting disk portion. Our model predicts a power-law r-dependent line emissivity with an index ~2.5, which is consistent with \\beta~2-3 required by the model fittings for double-peaked line profiles. Using a sample of radio-loud double-peaked line emitters, we show that the outer disk regions can be efficiently illuminated by the photons scattered from the electron-positron jets with \\gamma_jline is present in strong radio quasars with relativistic jets. For radio-quiet counterparts, slow outflows with Thomson scattering depth ~0.2 can scatter sufficient photons to the line-emitting regions. This model can therefore solve the energy budget problem for double-peaked line emitters.

Xinwu Cao; Ting-Gui Wang

2006-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

209

Peak Oil Netherlands Foundation (PONL) was founded in May 2005 by a group of citizens who are concerned about the effects of a premature peak in oil and other fossil fuels production. The main aims of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Peak Oil Netherlands Foundation (PONL) was founded in May 2005 by a group of citizens who are concerned about the effects of a premature peak in oil and other fossil fuels production. The main aims of this report, the other people in the Peak Oil Netherlands Foundation for their work, peakoil.com & the oildrum

Keeling, Stephen L.

210

Micro-Earthquake At Desert Peak Geothermal Area (2011) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Geothermal Area Desert Peak Geothermal Area (2011) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Micro-Earthquake Activity Date 2011 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine seismicity before and after reservoir stimulation for EGS Notes The overall goal is to gather high resolution seismicity data before, during and after stimulation activities at the EGS projects. This will include both surface and borehole deployments (as necessary in available boreholes) to provide high quality seismic data for improved processing and interpretation methodologies. This will allow the development and testing of seismic methods for understanding the performance of the EGS systems, as well as aid in developing induced seismicity mitigation techniques that can

211

Have we run out of oil yet? Oil Peaking analysis from an optimist's perspective  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 (2006) 515-531 Have we run out of oil yet? Oil peaking analysis from an optimist's perspective $ David L. Greene à , Janet L. Hopson, Jia Li Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Transportation Research Center, University of Tennessee, 2360 Cherahala Boulevard, Knoxville, TN 37932, USA Available online 27 December 2005 Abstract This study addresses several questions concerning the peaking of conventional oil production from an optimist's perspective. Is the oil peak imminent? What is the range of uncertainty? What are the key determining factors? Will a transition to unconventional oil undermine or strengthen OPEC's influence over world oil markets? These issues are explored using a model combining alternative world energy scenarios with an accounting of resource depletion and a market-based simulation of transition to unconventional oil resources. No political or

212

PEAK FLUX DISTRIBUTIONS OF SOLAR RADIO TYPE-I BURSTS FROM HIGHLY RESOLVED SPECTRAL OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Solar radio type-I bursts were observed on 2011 January 26 by high resolution observations with the radio telescope AMATERAS in order to derive their peak flux distributions. We have developed a two-dimensional auto burst detection algorithm that can distinguish each type-I burst element from complex noise storm spectra that include numerous instances of radio frequency interference (RFI). This algorithm removes RFI from the observed radio spectra by applying a moving median filter along the frequency axis. Burst and continuum components are distinguished by a two-dimensional maximum and minimum search of the radio dynamic spectra. The analysis result shows that each type-I burst element has one peak flux without double counts or missed counts. The peak flux distribution of type-I bursts derived using this algorithm follows a power law with a spectral index between 4 and 5.

Iwai, K. [Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Nobeyama, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Masuda, S.; Miyoshi, Y. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 (Japan); Tsuchiya, F.; Morioka, A.; Misawa, H., E-mail: kazumasa.iwai@nao.ac.jp [Planetary Plasma and Atmospheric Research Center, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Initial increase, ''peaking effect'', in the internal friction of copper following pulsed neutron and electron irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Under certain experimental conditions the internal friction in metals can first increase and following prolonged irradiation decrease. Many models have been proposed to account for this ''peaking effect''; however, in many of the cases, no effort is made to distinguish between the influence of interstitials and/or vacancies. To determine the nature of the point defect responsible for the peaking effect in high purity copper, we have performed a series of pulsed irradiations using neutrons and electrons. In all of the experiments an initial very rapid rise in the internal friction and Young's modulus was observed. These data show that a fast diffusing defect is responsible for the peaking effect: i.e. the interstitial.

Simpson, H.M.; Parkin, D.M.; Goldstone, J.A.; Hemsky, J.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A DOUBLE-PEAKED OUTBURST OF A 0535+26 OBSERVED WITH INTEGRAL, RXTE, AND SUZAKU  

SciTech Connect

The Be/X-ray binary A 0535+26 showed a normal (type I) outburst in 2009 August. It is the fourth in a series of normal outbursts associated with the periastron, but is unusual because it presented a double-peaked light curve. The two peaks reached a flux of {approx}450 mCrab in the 15-50 keV range. We present results of the timing and spectral analysis of INTEGRAL, RXTE, and Suzaku observations of the outburst. The energy-dependent pulse profiles and their evolution during the outburst are studied. No significant differences with respect to other normal outbursts are observed. The centroid energy of the fundamental cyclotron line shows no significant variation during the outburst. A spectral hardening with increasing luminosity is observed. We conclude that the source is accreting in the sub-critical regime. We discuss possible explanations for the double-peaked outburst.

Caballero, I. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/IRFU, CNRS/INSU, Universite Paris Diderot, CEA DSM/IRFU/SAp, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Pottschmidt, K.; Marcu, D. M. [Center for Space Science and Technology, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States); Barragan, L.; Wilms, J.; Kreykenbohm, I. [Dr. Karl Remeis-Sternwarte and ECAP, FAU Erlangen-Nuremberg, Sternwartstr. 7, D-96049 Bamberg (Germany); Ferrigno, C. [ISDC Data Centre for Astrophysics, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix (Switzerland); Klochkov, D.; Suchy, S.; Santangelo, A.; Staubert, R. [Institut fuer Astronomie und Astrophysik, Sand 1, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Zurita Heras, J. A. [Francois Arago Centre, APC (UMR 7164 Universite Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/DSM, Observatoire de Paris), 13 rue Watt, F-75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France); Kretschmar, P. [European Space Astronomy Centre (ESA/ESAC), Science Operations Department, Villanueva de la Canada, E-28080 Madrid (Spain); Fuerst, F. [Space Radiation Lab, California Institute of Technology, MC 290-17 Cahill, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Rothschild, R. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Science, UCSD, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Finger, M. H. [National Space Science and Technology Center, 320 Sparkman Drive NW, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Camero-Arranz, A. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Fac. de Ciencies, Torre C5, parell, 2a planta, E-08193 Barcelona (Spain); Makishima, K. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Enoto, T. [Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 2-1, Hirosawa, Wako City, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Iwakiri, W., E-mail: isabel.caballero@cea.fr [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, 255 Shimo-Okubo, Sakura, Saitama 338-8570 (Japan); and others

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

215

Estimating coal production peak and trends of coal imports in China  

SciTech Connect

More than 20 countries in the world have already reached a maximum capacity in their coal production (peak coal production) such as Japan, the United Kingdom and Germany. China, home to the third largest coal reserves in the world, is the world's largest coal producer and consumer, making it part of the Big Six. At present, however, China's coal production has not yet reached its peak. In this article, logistic curves and Gaussian curves are used to predict China's coal peak and the results show that it will be between the late 2020s and the early 2030s. Based on the predictions of coal production and consumption, China's net coal import could be estimated for coming years. This article also analyzes the impact of China's net coal import on the international coal market, especially the Asian market, and on China's economic development and energy security. 16 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Bo-qiang Lin; Jiang-hua Liu [Xiamen University, Xiamen (China). China Center for Energy Economics Research (CCEER)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

MEPSA: a flexible peak search algorithm designed for uniformly spaced time series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a novel algorithm aimed at identifying peaks within a uniformly sampled time series affected by uncorrelated Gaussian noise. The algorithm, called "MEPSA" (multiple excess peak search algorithm), essentially scans the time series at different timescales by comparing a given peak candidate with a variable number of adjacent bins. While this has originally been conceived for the analysis of gamma-ray burst light (GRB) curves, its usage can be readily extended to other astrophysical transient phenomena, whose activity is recorded through different surveys. We tested and validated it through simulated featureless profiles as well as simulated GRB time profiles. We showcase the algorithm's potential by comparing with the popular algorithm by Li and Fenimore, that is frequently adopted in the literature. Thanks to its high flexibility, the mask of excess patterns used by MEPSA can be tailored and optimised to the kind of data to be analysed without modifying the code. The C code is made publicly availabl...

Guidorzi, C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Core Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Core Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Core Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique Core Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Remote Sensing for Exploration and Mapping of Geothermal Resources, Wendy Calvin, 2005. Task 1: Detailed analysis of hyperspectral imagery obtained in summer of 2003 over Brady's Hot Springs region was completed and validated (Figure 1). This analysis provided a local map of both sinter and tufa deposits surrounding the Ormat plant, identified fault extensions not previously recognized from field mapping and has helped constrain where to put additional wells that were drilled at the site. Task 2: Initial analysis of Landsat and ASTER data for Buffalo Valley and Pyramid Lake was

218

R-Process Freezeout, Nuclear Deformation, and the Rare-Earth Element Peak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use network calculations of r-process nucleosynthesis to explore the origin of the peak in the solar r-process abundance distribution near nuclear mass number A = 160. The peak is due to a subtle interplay of nuclear deformation and beta decay, and forms not in the steady phase of the r-process, but only just prior to freezeout, as the free neutrons rapidly disappear. Its existence should therefore help constrain the conditions under which the r-process occurs and freezes out.

R. Surman; J. Engel; J. R. Bennett; B. S. Meyer

1997-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

219

Manuscript submitted to Electricity Journal 6/2/2006 Steven Letendre Richard Perez  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manuscript submitted to Electricity Journal 6/2/2006 Steven Letendre Richard Perez The Prometheus of the U.S. electric grid has become increasingly complex as it has been called upon to accommodate growth in total electricity consumption of 75%, accompanied by an increase in non-coincident peak demand in excess

Perez, Richard R.

220

PowerHerd: Dynamic Satisfaction of Peak Power Constraints in Interconnection Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Cooling costs can be pro- hibitive (consider the high power budgets of industry-standard six- foot serverPowerHerd: Dynamic Satisfaction of Peak Power Constraints in Interconnection Networks Li Shang Li,peh,jha}@ee.princeton.edu Niraj K. Jha ABSTRACT Power consumption is a critical issue in interconnection network design, driven

Shang, Li

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The last breath of the young gigahertz-peaked spectrum radio source PKS 1518+047  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......observed on 2008 March 5 (project code BD129) with the VLBA...carried out on 2001 March 28 (project code BS085). The data reduction...Peak, Mauna Kea and North Liberty had erratic system temperatures...obtained on 1998 August 22 (project code AS637). The data reduction......

M. Orienti; M. Murgia; D. Dallacasa

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Origin of the zero-bias conductance peaks observed ubiquitously in high-T-c superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

principal axes orientations. They can Five rise to a zero-bias conductance peak (ZBCP) in quasiparticle tunneling along any axis as shown in our model calculation. When the counterelectrode is a low-T-c SC, its gap is shown to appear as a dip at the center...

Hu, Chia-Ren.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Peaking profiles for achieving long-term temperature targets with more likelihood at lower costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...parties take full advantage of the flexible...12) and the energy model...included the solar forcings according...last 22 years (solar) and 100...MAC curves of energy- and industry-related...data from the Energy Modeling...indicate that a disadvantage of the peaking...

Michel G. J. den Elzen; Detlef P. van Vuuren

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

A Model for Predicting Daily Peak Visitation and Implications for Recreation Management and Water Quality: Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Model for Predicting Daily Peak Visitation and Implications for Recreation Management and Water carrying capacity. Keywords Visitation model Á Recreation management Á Water quality Á River visitation Á Clark, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA 123 Environmental Management DOI 10.1007/s00267-008-9079-5 #12

225

(2013) 128 Data Center Demand Response: Avoiding the Coincident Peak via  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(2013) 1­28 Data Center Demand Response: Avoiding the Coincident Peak via Workload Shifting.chen@hp.com Abstract Demand response is a crucial aspect of the future smart grid. It has the potential to provide centers' participation in demand response is becoming increasingly important given their high

Wierman, Adam

226

OG&E Uses Time-Based Rate Program to Reduce Peak Demand  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

46.0kWh 6 Critical Peak Event 46.0kWh 46.0kWh 7 (included in the above) Demand Response to Time-Based Rates The figure below shows 24-hour load profiles for the average...

227

Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the summer 2007 smart operation strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems were developed and tested in a number of governmental buildings in Kuwait as one of the solutions to reduce the national peak demand for electrical...

Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

228

Lightning morphology and impulse charge moment change of high peak current negative strokes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with two unusual flash types that both initially develop as positive (normal) intracloud lightning currents, and how is this variability connected to the in- cloud structure of lightning flashes? [3Lightning morphology and impulse charge moment change of high peak current negative strokes Gaopeng

Cummer, Steven A.

229

Neutron scattering evidence of a boson peak in protein hydration water Alessandro Paciaroni,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron scattering evidence of a boson peak in protein hydration water Alessandro Paciaroni,1 Anna Viterbo, Italy Received 24 February 1999 Measurement of the low temperature neutron excess of scattering, has been detected by neutron scattering and Raman spectros- copy in a large variety of glassy systems

Tuscia, Università Degli Studi Della

230

Duct Leakage Impacts on Airtightness, Infiltration, and Peak Electrical Demand in Florida Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

return leak from the attic can increase cooling electrical demand by 100%. Duct repairs in a typical. electrically heated Florida home reduce winter peak demand by about 1.6 kW per house at about one-sixth the cost of building new electrical generation...

Cummings, J. B.; Tooley, J. J.; Moyer, N.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

First Tracer Test After Circulation in Desert Peak 27-15  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Following the successful stimulation of Desert Peak target EGS well 27-15, a circulation test was initiated by injecting a conservative tracer (1,5-nds) in combination with a reactive tracer (7-amino-1,3-naphthalene disulfonate). The closest production well 74-21 was monitored over the subsequent several months.

Peter Rose

232

Contribution of Peaks of Virus Load to Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Pathogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...late peak in virus load. This indicates...the statistical power of this argument...measures the virus load exactly at its...underestimated in virus load data. We studied whether...higher statistical power than model 2...based on the same data (26). However...relation between virus load in plasma and survival...

Roland R. Regoes; Silvija I. Staprans; Mark B. Feinberg; Sebastian Bonhoeffer

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Stimulation at Desert Peak -modeling with the coupled THM code FEHM  

SciTech Connect

Numerical modeling of the 2011 shear stimulation at the Desert Peak well 27-15. This submission contains the FEHM executable code for a 64-bit PC Windows-7 machine, and the input and output files for the results presented in the included paper from ARMA-213 meeting.

sharad kelkar

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

234

Inserting Test Points to Control Peak Power During Scan Testing Ranganathan Sankaralingam and Nur A. Touba  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simply reducing the average power dissipation per clock cycle. Proceedings of the 17th IEEE International. The average power dissipation during scan testing can be controlled by reducing the scan frequency. However, the peak power during scan testing cannot be controlled by reducing clock frequency and hence is more

Touba, Nur A.

235

Future world oil production: Growth, plateau, or peak?1 Larry Hughes and Jacinda Rudolph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Systems 2010 #12;Future world oil production: Growth, plateau, or peak? Larry Hughes2 and Jacinda governments to reduce their energy intensity (6), the growth in oil production resumed in the mid-1980s World Energy Outlook, production is projected to increase to 103.8 million barrels of oil a day by 2030

Hughes, Larry

236

Author's personal copy Synergistic roles of off-peak electrolysis and thermochemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1 a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 10 June 2008 Received in revised, but electrolysis can take advantage of low electricity prices during off-peak hours, as well as intermittent and de million tonnes per year by 2023. In Alberta alone, oil sands development is requiring huge quantities

Naterer, Greg F.

237

Demonstration of Smart Building Controls to Manage Building Peak Loads: Innovative Non-Wires Technologies  

SciTech Connect

As a part of the non-wires solutions effort, BPA in partnership with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is exploring the use of two distributed energy resources (DER) technologies in the City of Richland. In addition to demonstrating the usefulness of the two DER technologies in providing peak demand relief, evaluation of remote direct load control (DLC) is also one of the primary objectives of this demonstration. The concept of DLC, which is used to change the energy use profile during peak hours of the day, is not new. Many utilities have had success in reducing demand at peak times to avoid building new generation. It is not the need for increased generation that is driving the use of direct load control in the Northwest, but the desire to avoid building additional transmission capacity. The peak times at issue total between 50 and 100 hours a year. A transmission solution to the problem would cost tens of millions of dollars . And since a ?non wires? solution is just as effective and yet costs much less, the capital dollars for construction can be used elsewhere on the grid where building new transmission is the only alternative. If by using DLC, the electricity use can be curtailed, shifted to lower use time periods or supplemented through local generation, the existing system can be made more reliable and cost effective.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Hatley, Darrel D.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

238

Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption and OffPeak Electricity Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption and OffPeak Electricity Rates Peter Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption Page 2 Executive Summary Reducing our dependence to electric vehicles (EVs)1 is core to reducing reliance on fossil fuels and driving smart growth

Holsinger, Kent

239

First Tracer Test After Circulation in Desert Peak 27-15  

SciTech Connect

Following the successful stimulation of Desert Peak target EGS well 27-15, a circulation test was initiated by injecting a conservative tracer (1,5-nds) in combination with a reactive tracer (7-amino-1,3-naphthalene disulfonate). The closest production well 74-21 was monitored over the subsequent several months.

Rose, Peter

2013-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

240

Generation of high peak power pulse using 2 stage erbium-doped fiber amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-doped fiber. For the second stage, two 1480nm pump lasers were used to pump erbium-doped fiber in both forward and backward propagating direction. The signal laser was modulated to produce pulses with high repetition rate high peak power. The first stage...

Lee, Kyung-Woo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Origin of the first sharp diffraction peak in the structure factor of covalent glasses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model is proposed for the ‘‘first sharp diffraction peak’’ (FSDP) in glasses. The FSDP is a chemical-order prepeak due to interstitial volume around cation-centered structural units. Calculated FSDP positions of some covalent glasses agree well with experiment, and the anomalous temperature and pressure dependences of the FSDP can be understood in terms of density effects.

S. R. Elliott

1991-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

242

TSNo s02-peak103534-O Effect of Sulfate on Lead Desorption from Goethite.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TSNo s02-peak103534-O Title Effect of Sulfate on Lead Desorption from Goethite. abstract metals such as lead. It has been shown that lead adsorption is enhanced on goethite in the presence for this increased adsorption is the formation of a ternary complex on the goethite surface. While mechanistic

Sparks, Donald L.

243

Peak discharge of a Pleistocene lava-dam outburst flood in Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

produced the largest known flood on the Colorado River in Grand Canyon. The Hyaloclastite Dam was up to 366 Canyon; Colorado river; Pleistocene floods; Lava dams; Hydraulic modeling; Paleoflood indicators; DamPeak discharge of a Pleistocene lava-dam outburst flood in Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA Cassandra R

244

How avian nest site selection responds to predation risk: testing an `adaptive peak hypothesis'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How avian nest site selection responds to predation risk: testing an `adaptive peak hypothesis., Arcata, CA 95521, USA Summary 1. Nest predation limits avian fitness, so birds should favour nest sites that minimize predation risk. Nevertheless, preferred nest microhabitat features are often uncorrelated

245

Imminence of peak in US coal production and overestimation of reserves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The estimated energy ultimate recoverable reserves (URR) from the logistic model is 2750 quadrillion BTU (2900, coal reserves, coal production forecast, peak coal, USA energy, non- linear fitting #12;3 1 reported coal reserves of any nation, containing approximately 28% of the world

Khare, Sanjay V.

246

On the Nonlinear Transfer of Energy in the Peak of a Gravity-Wave Spectrum. II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Nonlinear Transfer of Energy in the Peak of a Gravity-Wave Spectrum. II M. J...nonlinear transfer of energy within a continuous spectrum of water waves. The spectrum is assumed...narrow, that is, the wave energy is initially concentrated...

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Appropriate Loads for Peak-Power During Resisted Sprinting on a Non-Motorized Treadmill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-motorized treadmill (Force 3.0, Woodway, Waukesha, WI, USA). Similar to session 2, this session was preceded by a dynamic warm-up involving calisthenics, submaximal walking, and submaximal jogging on the treadmill. Chia and Lim (2008) determined that peak power...

Andre, Matthew J.; Fry, Andrew C.; Lane, Michael T.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

248

MASS-ANGULAR-MOMENTUM RELATIONS IMPLIED BY MODELS OF TWIN PEAK QUASI-PERIODIC OSCILLATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Twin peak quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) appear in the X-ray power-density spectra of several accreting low-mass neutron star (NS) binaries. Observations of the peculiar Z-source Circinus X-1 display unusually low QPO frequencies. Using these observations, we have previously considered the relativistic precession (RP) twin peak QPO model to estimate the mass of the central NS in Circinus X-1. We have shown that such an estimate results in a specific mass-angular-momentum (M - j) relation rather than a single preferred combination of M and j. Here we confront our previous results with another binary, the atoll source 4U 1636-53 that displays the twin peak QPOs at very high frequencies, and extend the consideration to various twin peak QPO models. In analogy to the RP model, we find that these imply their own specific M - j relations. We explore these relations for both sources and note differences in the {chi}{sup 2} behavior that represent a dichotomy between high- and low-frequency sources. Based on the RP model, we demonstrate that this dichotomy is related to a strong variability of the model predictive power across the frequency plane. This variability naturally comes from the radial dependence of characteristic frequencies of orbital motion. As a consequence, the restrictions on the models resulting from observations of low-frequency sources are weaker than those in the case of high-frequency sources. Finally we also discuss the need for a correction to the RP model and consider the removing of M - j degeneracies, based on the twin peak QPO-independent angular momentum estimates.

Toeroek, Gabriel; Bakala, Pavel; Sramkova, Eva; Stuchlik, Zdenek; Urbanec, Martin; Goluchova, Katerina, E-mail: pavel.bakala@fpf.slu.cz, E-mail: martin.urbanec@fpf.slu.cz, E-mail: zdenek.stuchlik@fpf.slu.cz, E-mail: terek@volny.cz, E-mail: sram_eva@centrum.cz [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Silesian University in Opava, Bezrucovo nam. 13, CZ-746 01 Opava (Czech Republic)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Scenarios for a South African CSP Peaking System in the Short Term  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The South African Integrated Resource Plan is a policy document, which by law allocates the energy resources that will be built to meet the future electricity needs of South Africa. The current Integrated Resource Plan indicates the electricity generation types that will be built from 2010 to 2030. It states that most of the future peak load will be met by Open Cycle Gas Turbines which operate using diesel and represents an allocation of 4,930 M W. Further, the Integrated Resource Plan does not identify CSP as a potential peaking solution and allocates 1,200 M W of capacity to CSP. This represents less than 2% of total capacity in 2030. This paper investigates the feasibility of utilizing CSP Plants as peaking plants in the short to medium term based on a proposition that under certain scenarios, a fleet of unsubsidized CSP peaking plants could drop the LCOE of the current Integrated Resource Plan. This is done by modeling a contemporary CSP tower system with Thermal Energy Storage. The Gemasolar CSP plant is used as the reference plant in order to obtain operating parameters. Our analysis suggests that at current fuels costs, diesel powered Open Cycle Gas Turbines produce electricity in excess of 5.08 ZAR/kWh (?0.63 US$/kWh), significantly above current CSP energy generating costs. This is the context that informed the undertaking of this study, to influence policy and provide technical evidence that CSP can guarantee and deliver energy at competitive costs in the short term. Two alternate scenarios show a lower LCOE for providing peak power. The most promising is a combined distributed CSP system wit h diesel powered Open Cycle Gas Turbine system as backup. The LCOE for this system is 2.78 ZAR (?0.34 $/kWh) or a drop of 45% when no fuel price inflation is considered. This system also increases security of supply due to a lower dependence on fuel prices.

C. Silinga; P. Gauché

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Oxygen consumption and peak heart rate in stroke patients during the completion of the Modified Rivermead Mobility Index (MRMI)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Physical inactivity reduces cardiorespiratory fitness, which further compromises a stroke victim's daily living activities. It is well known that aerobic exercise can improve cardiorespiratory fitness. We conducted an exploratory study with an aim to compare oxygen consumption and peak heart rate between stroke patients and healthy participants during the performance of the tasks on the Modified Rivermead Mobility Index (MRMI) and to determine if these tasks reach an aerobic level of intensity during training. Oxygen consumption and heart rate were measured during the performance of the MRMI tasks in healthy patients and those who had suffered a stroke. Data between the two groups were compared using the independent t test and the Mann-Whitney U test, depending on if the criteria for parametric statistics were fulfilled. Results of the study found that there were no between-group differences in terms of the rate of oxygen consumption during the completion of the MRMI tasks (p > 0.05). Stroke patients took longer to perform the tasks (10-minute walk and stair climbing; p = 0.006) and, therefore, were associated with a higher total level of oxygen consumption compared with healthy participants (p complete certain MRMI tasks. These functional tasks could potentially be used as adjunct protocols to assist patients with stroke during aerobic training, but this will require further study.

Fahria B.A. Rahman; Alice Y.M. Jones; Marco Y.C. Pang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Urban form and long-term fuel supply decline: A method to investigate the peak oil risks to essential activities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The issue of a peak in world oil supply has become a mainstream concern over the past several years. The petroleum geology models of post-peak oil production indicate supply declines from 1.5% to 6% per year. Travel requires fuel energy, but current transportation planning models do not include the impacts of constrained fuel supply on private travel demand. This research presents a method to assess the risk to activities due to a constrained fuel supply relative to projected unconstrained travel demand. The method assesses the probability of different levels of fuel supply over a given planning horizon, then calculates impact due to the energy supply not meeting the planning expectations. A new travel demand metric which characterizes trips as essential, necessary, and optional to wellbeing is used in the calculation. A case study explores four different urban forms developed from different future growth options for the urban development strategy of Christchurch, New Zealand to 2041. Probable fuel supply availability was calculated, and the risk to transport activities in the 2041 transport model was assessed. The results showed all the urban forms had significantly reduced trip numbers and lower energy mode distributions from the current planning projections, but the risk to activities differed among the planning options. Density is clearly one of the mitigating factors, but density alone does not provide a solution to reduced energy demand. The method clearly shows how risk to participation in activities is lower for an urban form which has a high degree of human powered and public transport access to multiple options between residential and commercial/industrial/service destinations. This analysis has led to new thinking about adaptation and reorganization of urban forms as a strategy for energy demand reduction rather than just densification.

Susan Krumdieck; Shannon Page; André Dantas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Microsoft Word - BUGS_The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource Final 4_19.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 15, 2010 April 15, 2010 DOE/NETL-2010/1406 Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource v1.0 ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or

253

Multiobjective demand side management solutions for utilities with peak demand deficit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Demand side management (DSM) is a growing concept around the world, particularly in urban India, recently due to presence of time of day (TOD) tariffs for the large commercial and industrial customers. Residential customers are not exposed to TOD tariff structure so far in India. This encourages commercial and industrial customers to schedule their flexible loads as per TOD tariff to extract maximum benefit of it and helps utilities to reduce their peak load demand and reshape the load curve. For efficient DSM implementation, this paper presents a multiobjective DSM solutions based on integer genetic algorithm to benefit both utilities and consumers. The proposed algorithm provides new directions on effective implementation of DSM techniques for Indian utilities. Simulations were carried out on Indian practical distribution system with large commercial and industrial loads. The simulation results of the proposed algorithm shows that the presented DSM technique comprehends reasonable savings to both utility and consumers simultaneously, while reducing the system peak.

Nandkishor Kinhekar; Narayana Prasad Padhy; Hari Om Gupta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Non-Debye excess heat capacity and boson peak of binary lithium borate glasses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The non-Debye excess heat capacities of binary lithium borate glasses with different Li2O compositions of x = 8, 14 and 22 (mol%) are investigated to understand origin of the boson peak. The low-temperature heat capacities are measured between 2 and 50 K by a relaxation calorimeter. The experimental non-Debye heat capacities with x = 14 is successfully reproduced using the excess vibrational density of states measured by inelastic neutron scattering. This finding indicates that the non-Debye heat capacities of lithium borate glasses originate from the excess vibrational density of states measureable by inelastic neutron scattering. Moreover, it is demonstrated that all of the excess heat capacity spectra lie on a single master curve by the scaling using boson peak temperature and intensity.

Yu Matsuda; Hitoshi Kawaji; Tooru Atake; Yasuhisa Yamamura; Shuma Yasuzuka; Kazuya Saito; Seiji Kojima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Periodic transmission peaks in non-periodic disordered one-dimensional photonic structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A better understanding of the optical properties of a device structure characterized by a random arrangement of materials with different dielectric properties at a length scale comparable to the wavelength of light is crucial for the realization of new optical and optoelectronic devices. Here we have studied the light transmission of disordered photonic structures made with two and three different materials, characterized by the same optical thickness. In their transmission spectra a formation of peaks, with a transmission of up to 75%, is evident. The spectral position of such peaks is very regular, which is a result of the constraint that all layers have the same optical thickness. This gives rise to a manifold of applications such as new types of bandpass filters and resonators for distributed feedback lasers.

Kriegel, Ilka

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Constraints on dark energy from baryon acoustic peak and galaxy cluster gas mass measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use baryon acoustic peak measurements by Eisenstein et al. (2005) and Percival et al. (2007a) and galaxy cluster gas mass fraction measurements of Allen et al. (2008) to constrain parameters of three different dark energy models. For time-independent dark energy, the Percival et al. (2007a) constraints, which make use of the WMAP measurement of the apparent acoustic horizon angle, most effectively constrain a cosmological parameter close to spatial curvature and favor a close to spatially flat model. In a spatially-flat model the Percival et al. (2007a) data less effectively constrain time-varying dark energy. The joint baryon acoustic peak and galaxy cluster gas mass constraints are consistent with but tighter than those derived from other data. A time-independent cosmological constant in a spatially-flat model provides a good fit to the joint data, but slowly-evolving dark energy can not yet be ruled out.

Lado Samushia; Bharat Ratra

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

257

Can an inhomogeneous metric be detected with the baryonic acoustic oscillation peak?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The scalar averaging approach to cosmology interprets dark energy as the growth of average, void-dominated, negative spatial curvature during the virialisation epoch, leaving the metric a priori unspecified, while models with a Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) metric assume comoving spatial rigidity of metrical properties. The former predicts that voids are hyperbolic and that superclusters occupy positively curved space, and that a best-fit metric should be close to the void case modelled as a constant-curvature metric on a given time slice. Thus, comoving separations near superclusters should be compressed in comparison to the homogeneous case. We demonstrate this by measuring the two-point auto-correlation function on comoving scales in order to detect shifts in the baryonic acoustic oscillation (BAO) peak location for Large Red Galaxy (LRG) pairs of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7. In tangential directions, subsets of pairs overlapping with superclusters or voids show the BAO peak. T...

Roukema, Boudewijn F; Ostrowski, Jan J; France, Martin J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Gaussian Approximation of Peak Values in the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The accelerating expansion of the universe at recent epochs is encoded in the cosmic microwave background: a few percent of the total temperature fluctuations are generated by evolving gravitational potentials which trace the large-scale structures in the universe. This signature of dark energy, the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe Effect, has been detected by averaging temperatures in the WMAP sky maps corresponding to the directions of superstructures in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data release 6. We model the maximum average peak signal expected in the standard $\\Lambda$CDM cosmological model, using Gaussian random realizations of the microwave sky, including correlations between different physical contributions to the temperature fluctuations and between different redshift ranges of the evolving gravitational potentials. We find good agreement with the mean temperature peak amplitude from previous theoretical estimates based on large-scale structure simulations, but with larger statistical uncertainties. We apply ...

Aiola, Simone; Wang, Bingjie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large  

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Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Title Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-59293 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Hotchi, Toshifumi, Alfred T. Hodgson, and William J. Fisk Keywords market sectors, technologies Abstract Mock Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) events were implemented in a Target retail store in the San Francisco Bay Area by shutting down some of the building's packaged rooftop air-handling units (RTUs). Measurements were made to determine how this load shedding strategy would affect the outdoor air ventilation rate and the concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the sales area. Ventilation rates prior to and during load shedding were measured by tracer gas decay on two days. Samples for individual VOCs, including formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, were collected from several RTUs in the morning prior to load shedding and in the late afternoon. Shutting down a portion (three of 11 and five of 12, or 27 and 42%) of the RTUs serving the sales area resulted in about a 30% reduction in ventilation, producing values of 0.50-0.65 air changes per hour. VOCs with the highest concentrations (>10 μg/m3) in the sales area included formaldehyde, 2-butoxyethanol, toluene and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane. Substantial differences in concentrations were observed among RTUs. Concentrations of most VOCs increased during a single mock CPP event, and the median increase was somewhat higher than the fractional decrease in the ventilation rate. There are few guidelines for evaluating indoor VOC concentrations. For formaldehyde, maximum concentrations measured in the store during the event were below guidelines intended to protect the general public from acute health risks.

260

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Title Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2006 Authors Hotchi, Toshifumi, Alfred T. Hodgson, and William J. Fisk Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Mock Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) events were implemented in a Target retail store in the San Francisco Bay Area by shutting down some of the building's packaged rooftop air-handling units (RTUs). Measurements were made to determine how this load shedding strategy would affect the outdoor air ventilation rate and the concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the sales area. Ventilation rates prior to and during load shedding were measured by tracer gas decay on two days. Samples for individual VOCs, including formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, were collected from several RTUs in the morning prior to load shedding and in the late afternoon. Shutting down a portion (three of 11 and five of 12, or 27 and 42%) of the RTUs serving the sales area resulted in about a 30% reduction in ventilation, producing values of 0.50-0.65 air changes per hour. VOCs with the highest concentrations (>10 μg/m3) in the sales area included formaldehyde, 2-butoxyethanol, toluene and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane. Substantial differences in concentrations were observed among RTUs. Concentrations of most VOCs increased during a single mock CPP event, and the median increase was somewhat higher than the fractional decrease in the ventilation rate. There are few guidelines for evaluating indoor VOC concentrations. For formaldehyde, maximum concentrations measured in the store during the event were below guidelines intended to protect the general public from acute health risks

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Sequence Stratigraphy and Detrital Zircon Geochronology of the Swan Peak Quartzite, Southeastern Idaho  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

environments (Webb, 1958; Ketner, 1968). Recent biostratigraphic data (Sweet, 2000) indicates that some of these quartzite units are Cincinnatian (451 ? 443.7 Ma; Gradstein et al., 2004) deposited during an extensive continental flooding of the Paleozoic... equivalents (e.g. Swan Peak Quartzite, Kinnikinic Quartzite, Mt. Wilson Formation, etc.) were deposited during the Cincinnatian (443.7 ? 451 Ma; Sweet, 2000; Gradstein et al., 2004). 6 FIG. 2.?Conodont biostratigraphy constrains the Ordovician...

Wulf, Tracy David

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

262

Appendix A. Individual Evaluations of 30 Peak Discharges from 28 Extraordinary Floods in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

States #12;#12;Appendix A: Seco Creek 55 Location: This flood site is located at 29.4750 N and 99.3000 W,000 ft3 /s, as published in Crippen and Bue (1977). The rating is poor. Drainage area: 142 mi2 . Data by several gaging-station records in the area that show a major peak discharge occurring on or about May 31

263

The host galaxies of Compact Steep Spectrum and Gigahertz-Peaked Spectrum radio sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I will review some of the developments in studies of the host galaxy properties of Compact Steep Spectrum (CSS) and GigaHertz-Peaked Spectrum (GPS) radio sources. In contrast to previous reviews structured around observational technique, I will discuss the host galaxy properties in terms of morphology, stellar content and warm gas properties and discuss how compact, young radio-loud AGN are key objects for understanding galaxy evolution.

J. Holt

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

GEOSCIENCE INFORMATION SERVICES: “Peak” Performances - Proceedings of the 45th Meeting of the Geoscience Information Society  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEOSCIENCE INFORMATION SOCIETY GEOSCIENCE INFORMATION SERVICES: “Peak” Performances Proceedings ? Volume 41? 2010 Proceedings of the 45th Meeting of the Geoscience Information Society October 31-November 3, 2010 Denver, Colorado... of the papers provided in this proceedings volume were given at the 2010 Annual Joint Meeting of the Geoscience Information Society and the Geological Society of America (GSA) held in Denver, Colorado October 31-November 3, 2010. The papers are arranged...

GeoScience Information Society

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Testing the gamma-ray burst variability/peak luminosity correlation on a Swift homogeneous sample  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We test the gamma-ray burst correlation between temporal variability and peak luminosity of the $\\gamma$-ray profile on a homogeneous sample of 36 Swift/BAT GRBs with firm redshift determination. This is the first time that this correlation can be tested on a homogeneous data sample. The correlation is confirmed, as long as the 6 GRBs with low luminosity (tested on low-luminosity GRBs. Our results show that these GRBs are definite outliers.

D. Rizzuto; C. Guidorzi; P. Romano; S. Covino; S. Campana; M. Capalbi; G. Chincarini; G. Cusumano; D. Fugazza; V. Mangano; A. Moretti; M. Perri; G. Tagliaferri

2007-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

266

Impact of Reflective Roofing on Cooling Electrical Use and Peak Demand in a Florida Retail Mall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington D.C., Vol. 9, p. 1, August, 1992. Akbari, H., Bretz, S., Kurn, D.M. and Hanford, J., ?Peak Power and Cooling Energy Savings of High Albedo Roofs,? Energy... positive pressure dehumidified air ventilation in hot humid climates, quiet exhaust fan ventilation in cool climates, solar water heaters, heat pump water heaters, high efficiency right sized heating/cooling equipment, and gas fired combo space...

Parker, D. S.; Sonne, J. K.; Sherwin, J. R.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Can an inhomogeneous metric be detected with the baryonic acoustic oscillation peak?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The scalar averaging approach to cosmology interprets dark energy as the growth of average, void-dominated, negative spatial curvature during the virialisation epoch, leaving the metric a priori unspecified, while models with a Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) metric assume comoving spatial rigidity of metrical properties. The former predicts that voids are hyperbolic and that superclusters occupy positively curved space, and that a best-fit metric should be close to the void case modelled as a constant-curvature metric on a given time slice. Thus, comoving separations near superclusters should be compressed in comparison to the homogeneous case. We demonstrate this by measuring the two-point auto-correlation function on comoving scales in order to detect shifts in the baryonic acoustic oscillation (BAO) peak location for Large Red Galaxy (LRG) pairs of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7. In tangential directions, subsets of pairs overlapping with superclusters or voids show the BAO peak. The tangential BAO peak location for overlap with Nadathur & Hotchkiss superclusters is 4.3\\pm1.6 Mpc/h less than that for LRG pairs unselected for supercluster overlap, and 6.6\\pm2.8 Mpc/h less than that of the complementary pairs. Liivamagi et al. superclusters give corresponding differences of 3.7\\pm2.9 Mpc/h and 6.3\\pm2.6 Mpc/h, respectively. We have found moderately significant evidence (Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests suggest very significant evidence) that the BAO peak location for supercluster-overlapping pairs is compressed by about 6% compared to that of the complementary sample, providing a potential challenge to FLRW models and a benchmark for predictions from backreaction models.

Boudewijn F. Roukema; Thomas Buchert; Jan J. Ostrowski; Martin J. France

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

268

Ulysses solar wind plasma observations from peak southerly latitude through perihelion and beyond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present Ulysses solar wind plasma data from the peak southerly latitude of ?80.2° through +64.9° latitude on June 7 1995. Ulysses encountered fast wind throughout this time except for a 43° equatorial band. Mass flux was nearly constant with latitude while speed (density) had positive (negative) poleward gradients. Momentum flux was highest at high latitudes suggesting a latitudinal asymmetry in the heliopause cross section. Solar wind energy flux density was also highest at high latitudes.

J. L. Phillips; S. J. Bame; W. C. Feldman; J. T. Gosling; D. J. McComas; B. E. Goldstein; M. Neugebauer; C. M. Hammond

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource? | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource? Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource? Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.netl.doe.gov/smartgrid/referenceshelf/articles/10-18-2010_BUGS%20a Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/backup-generators-bugs-next-smart-gri Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation Regulations: "Resource Integration Planning,Energy Standards" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

270

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the potential impact of demand response (DR) strategies in commercial buildings in California based on the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), which uses EnergyPlus simulation prototypes for office and retail buildings. The study describes the potential impact of building size, thermal mass, climate, and DR strategies on demand savings in commercial buildings. Sensitivity analyses are performed to evaluate how these factors influence the demand shift and shed during the peak period. The whole-building peak demand of a commercial building with high thermal mass in a hot climate zone can be reduced by 30percent using an optimized demand response strategy. Results are summarized for various simulation scenarios designed to help owners and managers understand the potential savings for demand response deployment. Simulated demand savings under various scenarios were compared to field-measured data in numerous climate zones, allowing calibration of the prototype models. The simulation results are compared to the peak demand data from the Commercial End-Use Survey for commercial buildings in California. On the economic side, a set of electricity rates are used to evaluate the impact of the DR strategies on economic savings for different thermal mass and climate conditions. Our comparison of recent simulation to field test results provides an understanding of the DR potential in commercial buildings.

Yin, Rongxin; Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Parrish, Kristen

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

271

Peak oil analyzed with a logistic function and idealized Hubbert curve  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A logistic function is used to characterize peak and ultimate production of global crude oil and petroleum-derived liquid fuels. Annual oil production data were incrementally summed to construct a logistic curve in its initial phase. Using a curve-fitting approach, a population-growth logistic function was applied to complete the cumulative production curve. The simulated curve was then deconstructed into a set of annual oil production data producing an “idealized” Hubbert curve. An idealized Hubbert curve (IHC) is defined as having properties of production data resulting from a constant growth-rate under fixed resource limits. An IHC represents a potential production curve constructed from cumulative production data and provides a new perspective for estimating peak production periods and remaining resources. The IHC model data show that idealized peak oil production occurred in 2009 at 83.2 Mb/d (30.4 Gb/y). IHC simulations of truncated historical oil production data produced similar results and indicate that this methodology can be useful as a prediction tool.

Brian Gallagher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Peak Oil profiles through the lens of a general equilibrium assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper disentangles the interactions between oil production profiles, the dynamics of oil prices and growth trends. We do so through a general equilibrium model in which Peak Oil endogenously emerges from the interplay between the geological, technical, macroeconomic and geopolitical determinants of supply and demand under non-perfect expectations. We analyze the macroeconomic effects of oil production profiles and demonstrate that Peak Oil dates that differ only slightly may lead to very different time profiles of oil prices, exportation flows and economic activity. We investigate Middle-East's trade-off between different pricing trajectories in function of two alternative objectives (maximisation of oil revenues or households’ welfare) and assess its impact on OECD growth trajectories. A sensitivity analysis highlights the respective roles of the amount of resources, inertia on the deployment of non conventional oil and short-term oil price dynamics on Peak Oil dates and long-term oil prices. It also examines the effects of these assumptions on OECD growth and Middle-East strategic tradeoffs.

Henri Waisman; Julie Rozenberg; Olivier Sassi; Jean-Charles Hourcade

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Virtual reality simulation game approach to investigate transport adaptive capacity for peak oil planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The peak and decline of world oil production is an emerging issue for transportation and urban planners. Peak oil from an energy perspective means that there will be progressively less fuel. Our work treats changes in oil supply as a risk to transport activity systems. A virtual reality survey method, based on the sim game concept, has been developed to audit the participant’s normal weekly travel activity, and to explore participant’s travel adaptive capacity. The travel adaptive capacity assessment (TACA) Sim survey uses avatars, Google Map™, 2D scenes, interactive screens and feedback scores. Travel adaptive capacity is proposed as a measure of long-range resilience of activity systems to fuel supply decline. Mode adaptive potential is proposed as an indicator of the future demand growth for less energy intensive travel. Both adaptation indicators can be used for peak oil vulnerability assessment. A case study was conducted involving 90 participants in Christchurch New Zealand. All of the participants were students, general staff or academics at the University of Canterbury. The adaptive capacity was assessed by both simulated extreme fuel price shock and by asking, “do you have an alternative mode?” without price pressure. The travel adaptive capacity in number of kilometers was 75% under a 5-fold fuel price increase. The mode adaptive potential was 33% cycling, 21% walking and 22% bus. Academics had adaptive capacity of only 1–5% of trips by canceling or carrying out their activity from home compared to 10–18% for students.

Montira Watcharasukarn; Shannon Page; Susan Krumdieck

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Local Implications of Globally Restricted Mobility: A study of Queenstown’s vulnerability to peak oil and climate change.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis employs a case study approach to investigate local implications of globally restricted mobility by examining Queenstown’s vulnerability to peak oil and climate change.… (more)

Walsh, Tim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Blood-ethanol levels predict amount of ethanol consumption by rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A previous report that low-drinker rats develop higher peak blood-ethanol levels than high-drinker rats following intraperitoneal ethanol is confirmed. Further, a strong correlation occurred between blood-ethanol

Steven Belenko; Stephen C. Woods

1975-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The Peak of the Oil Age – Analyzing the world oil production Reference Scenario in World Energy Outlook 2008  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The assessment of future global oil production presented in the IEA’s World Energy Outlook 2008 (WEO 2008) is divided into 6 fractions; four relate to crude oil, one to non-conventional oil, and the final fraction is natural-gas-liquids (NGL). Using the production parameter, depletion-rate-of-recoverable-resources, we have analyzed the four crude oil fractions and found that the 75 Mb/d of crude oil production forecast for year 2030 appears significantly overstated, and is more likely to be in the region of 55 Mb/d. Moreover, analysis of the other fractions strongly suggests lower than expected production levels. In total, our analysis points to a world oil supply in 2030 of 75 Mb/d, some 26 Mb/d lower than the IEA predicts. The connection between economic growth and energy use is fundamental in the IEA’s present modelling approach. Since our forecast sees little chance of a significant increase in global oil production, our findings suggest that the “policy makers, investors and end users” to whom WEO 2008 is addressed should rethink their future plans for economic growth. The fact that global oil production has very probably passed its maximum implies that we have reached the Peak of the Oil Age.

Kjell Aleklett; Mikael Höök; Kristofer Jakobsson; Michael Lardelli; Simon Snowden; Bengt Söderbergh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

LBNL-6280E A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

280E 280E A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30- Year Actual Weather Data Tianzhen Hong 1 , Wen-kuei Chang 2 , Hung-Wen Lin 2 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division 2 Green Energy and Environment Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan, ROC May 2013 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-

278

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Program Description and Results APPENDICES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Program Description and Results APPENDICES Mary Ann Piette David Watson Naoya Motegi Sila Kiliccote Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory MS90R3111 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, California 94720 August 30, 2007 This work described in this report was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and funded by the California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research Program, under Work for Others Contract No. 150-99-003, Am #1 and by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. LBNL Report Number 62218 2 Table of Contents List of Tables ......................................................................................................................................3

279

An insoluble residue study of the Comanche Peak and Edwards limestones of Kimble County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through 5 of the Uuager sectioa. XXIII. Units 18 through 22 of the Segovie sectioa. . . XXIV. Units 15 through 18 of the Begovie section. . . XXV. Uaits 13 through 16 of the Segovia sectioa. . . . . . . . . 66 68 XXVI. Units 8 through 13... this horisou wU, 1 be celle4 the Waterfall horisoc. Ths Waterfall horisoc was cot observe4 at the Rcsgsr sectioc because oaly Chs lover part of the R4wsrds liosstoca was erposod la that ssctioa. Ths Watec'fall horisocc is 115 feet above Cha Cocsaccchs peak...

Jurik, Paul Peter

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

280

Microfacies of the Commache Peak Limestone (Lower Cretaceous), north-central Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIIGESTONE W4LNUT FORMATION ARENACEOUS GROUP RED RIVER GROUP Q GLEN ROSE OR ALTERNAI'ING SECS I-0 TRINTY OR BASAL SANDS GLEN RDSE FORMATION I-? 7 NAVIS PEAK IL & Gl D ALLIED FORMATIONS Fig. 1. History of stratigraphic nomenclature for the Texas... Cretaceous. Down-to-basin fault- ing w1thin the Balcones system, which began during Glen Rose (pre- Fredericksburg) deposition, tended only to cause very slight thick- ening 1n the downdip direct1on within the Lower Cretaceous rocks on the shelf (Hayward...

Gruebel, Marilyn May

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The Glass-like Structure of Globular Proteins and the Boson Peak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vibrational spectra of proteins and topologically disordered solids display a common anomaly at low frequencies, known as Boson peak. We show that such feature in globular proteins can be deciphered in terms of an energy landscape picture, as it is for glassy systems. Exploiting the tools of Euclidean random matrix theory, we clarify the physical origin of such anomaly in terms of a mechanical instability of the system. As a natural explanation, we argue that such instability is relevant for proteins in order for their molecular functions to be optimally rooted in their structures.

Stefano Ciliberti; Paolo De Los Rios; Francesco Piazza

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

282

Blue Emission Peak of GeO{sub 2} Particles Grown Using Thermal Evaporation  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we report a simple thermal evaporation technique (horizontal tube furnace) to grow large quantities of GeO{sub 2} particles with diameters ranging from tens of nanometer to 500 nm on n-type (100) Si substrate free of catalyst. The particles were grown at temperature about 1000 degree sign C for 2 hrs and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The photoluminescence spectrum reveals several emission peaks around 400 nm at room temperature. Raman measurement also measured at room temperature for this GeO{sub 2} particles.

Sulieman, Kamal Mahir [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Minden, Penang (Malaysia); Physics Department, Alzaiem Alazhary University, 1432-Khartoum (Sudan); Jumidali, M. M. [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Minden, Penang (Malaysia); Faculty of Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 13500 Penang (Malaysia); Hashim, M. R. [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Minden, Penang (Malaysia)

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

283

Abraham H. Maslow's "peak experiences": an analytical paradigm for studying some poems of Theodore Roethke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that wi I I be seen in other poems containing peak-experiences. Came to lakes; came to dead water Ponds with moss and leaves floating, Planks sunk in the sand. The poet is not interested in the scene yet. "Came to" sounds like a dry journal entry... of the frog being kissed so that he becomes a prince. The deadness and beigeness of early morning in Section I also show the light slowly coming on the scene Came to lakes; came to dead water Ponds with moss and leaves floating, Planks sunk in the sand...

Taylor, Mary Katherine

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Ulysses solar wind plasma observations from peak southerly latitude through perihelion and beyond  

SciTech Connect

We present Ulysses solar wind plasma data from the peak southerly latitude of {minus}80.2{degrees} through +64.9{degrees} latitude on June 7, 1995. Ulysses encountered fast wind throughout this time except for a 43{degrees} band centered on the solar equator. Median mass flux was nearly constant with latitude, while speed and density had positive and negative poleward gradients, respectively. Solar wind momentum flux was highest at high latitudes, suggesting a latitudinal asymmetry in the heliopause cross section. Solar wind energy flux density was also highest at high latitudes.

Phillips, J.L.; Bame, S.J.; Feldman, W.C.; Gosling, J.T.; McComas, D.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Goldstein, B.E.; Neugebauer, M. [Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, CA (United States); Hammond, C.M. [SRI International, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

An Energy and Peak Loads Analysis of the TYC/TRC Building – Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the ASHRAE standards and (iii) modifying the building to comply with the California standards. These options not only reduce the peak loads but also reduce the total energy use. The energy consumption of the TYC/TRC Building was compared with the energy... consumption of the building modified to comply with the ASHRAE and California standards. A net reduction of 38% and 44% was obtained using the ASHRAE and California standards, respectively. The California standards are more stringent and are a better choice...

Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

High-speed Light Peak optical link for high energy applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Optical links provide high speed data transmission with low mass fibers favorable for applications in high energy experiments. We report investigation of a compact Light Peak optical engine designed for data transmission at 4.8 Gbps. The module is assembled with bare die VCSEL, PIN diodes and a control IC aligned within a prism receptacle for light coupling to fiber ferrule. Radiation damage in the receptacle was examined with 60Co gamma ray. Radiation induced single event effects in the optical engine were studied with protons, neutrons and X-ray tests.

F.X. Chang; F. Chiang; B. Deng; J. Hou; S. Hou; C. Liu; T. Liu; P.K. Teng; C.H. Wang; T. Xu; J. Ye

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

An accurate and computationally efficient algorithm for ground peak identification in large footprint waveform LiDAR data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An accurate and computationally efficient algorithm for ground peak identification in large. In the current study, an accurate and computationally efficient algorithm was devel- oped for ground peak identification, called Filtering and Clustering Algorithm (FICA). The method was evaluated on Land, Vegetation

Mountrakis, Giorgos

288

OFF-SHORE WIND AND GRID-CONNECTED PV: HIGH PENETRATION PEAK SHAVING FOR NEW YORK CITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OFF-SHORE WIND AND GRID-CONNECTED PV: HIGH PENETRATION PEAK SHAVING FOR NEW YORK CITY Richard Perez-shore wind and PV generation using the city of New York as a test case. While wind generation is not known the source of the energy that can meet the demand. While the peak-time availability of wind generation

Perez, Richard R.

289

Peripheral peaking and shrinkage phenomenon in the s channel based on the statistical bootstrap model with spin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We observe that the spectrum of the statistical bootstrap model with spin can indeed give rise to peripheral peaks in two-body scattering. This further confirms the conclusion of an earlier work by Kogitz et al. We also present a new refined solution to the bootstrap model, which provides the shrinkage phenomenon for peripheral peaks.

Charles B. Chiu

1976-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

The role of non conventional oil in the attenuation of peak oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the possible substitution of conventional with non conventional oil is studied using system dynamics models. The model proposed in this paper is based on geological, economic and technological aspects, and it fits approximately the behaviour observed by Hubbert. A first validation of the model has been made with the USA oil production data. These USA data show that there is a good coincidence between our model and the reality. This model has been expanded in order to include the substitution of the conventional oil with the non conventional one for the World. Two models with different ways to treat the contribution of non conventional oil have been developed and tested: a base model (business as usual), which extrapolates the last two decades’ growth of this type of oil into the future, and a model that explores how much non conventional oil would be needed in order to avoid a peak and decrease in the global non renewable fuel production. The results show that, even under some hypotheses that we consider optimistic, the attenuation of the peak oil decline requires more than 10% of sustained growth of non conventional oil production over at least the next two decades.

Carlos de Castro; Luis Javier Miguel; Margarita Mediavilla

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Efficiency peaks in the transient electroluminescence of multilayer organic light-emitting devices  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that when multilayer organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) containing hole (h{sup +}) and electron (e{sup -}) transporting layers (HTLs and ETLs, respectively) are biased with microsecond to millisecond voltage pulses higher than a threshold value V{sub th}, the electroluminescence (EL) intensity increases dramatically to a peak value which then relaxes to the lower dc value; the relaxation time decreases strongly with increasing pulse amplitude. Since the current waveforms are essentially rectangular, the transient EL is proportional to the external quantum efficiency {eta}. The value of V{sub th} coincides with the bias for maximum dc efficiency typically observed when {eta} is monitored vs V. This relation and the apparent absence of the transient peak in single-layer OLEDs suggest that it is due either to internal field redistribution processes in the ETL and HTL or to space charges, e.g., trapped polarons which accumulate at the HTL/ETL interface, and quench the emitting singlet excitons. It is concluded that highly efficient OLED operation may be achieved at high brightness by pulsed bias at an optimized duty cycle. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Savvate'ev, V. [Ames Laboratory - USDOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States)] [Ames Laboratory - USDOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States); Friedl, J. [Ames Laboratory - USDOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States)] [Ames Laboratory - USDOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States); Zou, L. [Ames Laboratory - USDOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States)] [Ames Laboratory - USDOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States); Oldham, W. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Shinar, J. [Ames Laboratory - USDOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States)] [Ames Laboratory - USDOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States)

2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

292

MRI and CT image indexing and retrieval using local mesh peak valley edge patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a new pattern based feature, local mesh peak valley edge pattern (LMePVEP) is proposed for biomedical image indexing and retrieval. The standard LBP extracts the gray scale relationship between the center pixel and its surrounding neighbors in an image. Whereas the proposed method extracts the gray scale relationship among the neighbors for a given center pixel in an image. The relations among the neighbors are peak/valley edges which are obtained by performing the first-order derivative. The performance of the proposed method (LMePVEP) is tested by conducting two experiments on two benchmark biomedical databases. Further, it is mentioned that the databases used for experiments are OASIS?MRI database which is the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) database and VIA/I–ELCAP-CT database which includes region of interest computer tomography (CT) images. The results after being investigated show a significant improvement in terms average retrieval precision (ARP) and average retrieval rate (ARR) as compared to LBP and LBP variant features.

Subrahmanyam Murala; Q.M. Jonathan Wu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

On Nuclear Energy Levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article On Nuclear Energy Levels K. M. Guggenheimer The formula for the energy levels of the rigid rotator...nuclei. Two kinds of nuclear rotation are discussed...an A relation for the energy levels of different nuclei...

1942-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Secondary phi meson peak as an indicator of a QCD phase transition in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a previous paper, we have shown that a double phi peak structure appears in the dilepton invariant mass spectrum if a first order QCD phase transition occurs in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. Furthermore, the transition temperature can be determined from the transverse momentum distribution of the low mass phi peak. In this work, we extend the study to the case that a smooth crossover occurs in the quark-gluon plasma to the hadronic matter transition. We find that the double phi peak structure still exists in the dilepton spectrum and thus remains a viable signal for the formation of the quark-gluon plasma in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions.

M. Asakawa and C. M. Ko

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program Description and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program Description and Results Mary Ann Piette David Watson Naoya Motegi Sila Kiliccote Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory MS90R3111 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, California 94720 June 19, 2007 LBNL Report Number 62218 ii Acknowledgements The work described in this report was funded by the Emerging Technologies Program at Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Additional funding was provided by the Demand Response Research Center which is funded by the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission), Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program, under Work for Others Contract No.500-03-026, Am #1 and by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. The authors are grateful for the extensive

296

Microsoft Word - Rockwood (CFC) Silver Peak Area EA (Proof Copy) V2.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Interior the Interior Bureau of Land Management Environmental Assessment # DOI-BLM-NV-B020-2012-0214-EA DOE/EA-1921 DATE: October 2012 Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Geothermal Lease: NVN-87008 Tonopah Field Office P.O. Box 911 1553 S. Main Street Tonopah, NV 89049 Phone: 775-482-7800 Fax: 775-482-7810 BLM Mission Statement It is the mission of the Bureau of Land Management to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................1 1.1 Location and Summary of Proposed Action...................................................................... 1

297

DOE/SC-ARM-10-021 STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment Science and Operations Plan J Mace Principal Investigator S Matrosov B Orr M Shupe R Coulter P Lawson A Sedlacek G Hallar L Avallone I McCubbin C Long R Marchand September 2010 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service

298

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

36E 36E Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California R. Yin, S. Kiliccote, M.A. Piette, K. Parrish Environmental Energy Technologies Division May 2010 Presented at the 2010 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Pacific Grove, CA, August 15-20, 2010, and published in the Proceedings DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information,

299

Using computational modeling to compare X-ray tube Practical Peak Voltage for Dental Radiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Practical Peak Voltage-PPV has been adopted to measure the voltage applied to an X-ray tube. The PPV was recommended by the IEC document and accepted and published in the TRS no. 457 code of practice. The PPV is defined and applied to all forms of waves and is related to the spectral distribution of X-rays and to the properties of the image. The calibration of X-rays tubes was performed using the MCNPX Monte Carlo code. An X-ray tube for Dental Radiology (operated from a single phase power supply) and an X-ray tube used as a reference (supplied from a constant potential power supply) were used in simulations across the energy range of interest of 40 kV to 100 kV. Results obtained indicated a linear relationship between the tubes involved.

Deisemar Holanda Cassiano; Samanda Cristine Arruda Correa; Edmilson Monteiro de Souza; Ademir Xaxier da Silva; José Guilherme Pereira Peixoto; Ricardo Tadeu Lopes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Method and device for remotely monitoring an area using a low peak power optical pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and device for remotely monitoring an area using a low peak power optical pump comprising one or more pumping sources, one or more lasers; and an optical response analyzer. Each pumping source creates a pumping energy. The lasers each comprise a high reflectivity mirror, a laser media, an output coupler, and an output lens. Each laser media is made of a material that emits a lasing power when exposed to pumping energy. Each laser media is optically connected to and positioned between a corresponding high reflectivity mirror and output coupler along a pumping axis. Each output coupler is optically connected to a corresponding output lens along the pumping axis. The high reflectivity mirror of each laser is optically connected to an optical pumping source from the one or more optical pumping sources via an optical connection comprising one or more first optical fibers.

Woodruff, Steven D.; Mcintyre, Dustin L.; Jain, Jinesh C.

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Origin of the narrow, single peak in the fission-fragment mass distribution for 258Fm  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the origin of the narrowness of the single peak at mass-symmetric division in the fragment mass-yield curve for spontaneous fission of {sup 258}Fm. For this purpose, we employ the macroscopic-microscopic model and calculate a potential-energy curve at the mass-symmetric compact scission configuration, as a function of the fragment mass number, which is obtained from the single-particle wave-function densities. In the calculations, we minimize total energies by varying the deformations of the two fragments, with constraints on the mass quadrupole moment, and by keeping the neck radius zero. The energies thus become functions of mass asymmetry. Using the obtained potential, we solve the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation with a microscopic coordinate-dependent inertial mass to calculate the fragment mass-yield curve. The calculated mass yield, expressed in terms of the microscopic mass density, is consistent with the extremely narrow experimental mass distribution.

Moller, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ickhikawa, Takatoshi [RIKEN; Iwamoto, Akira [JAEA

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

ON THERMALIZATION IN GAMMA-RAY BURST JETS AND THE PEAK ENERGIES OF PHOTOSPHERIC SPECTRA  

SciTech Connect

The low-energy spectral slopes of the prompt emission of most gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are difficult to reconcile with radiatively efficient optically thin emission models irrespective of the radiation mechanism. An alternative is to ascribe the radiation around the spectral peak to a thermalization process occurring well inside the Thomson photosphere. This quasi-thermal spectrum can evolve into the observed non-thermal shape by additional energy release at moderate to small Thomson optical depths, which can readily give rise to the hard spectral tail. The position of the spectral peak is determined by the temperature and Lorentz factor of the flow in the thermalization zone, where the total number of photons carried by the jet is established. To reach thermalization, dissipation alone is not sufficient and photon generation requires an efficient emission/absorption process in addition to scattering. We perform a systematic study of all relevant photon production mechanisms searching for possible conditions in which thermalization can take place. We find that a significant fraction of the available energy should be dissipated at intermediate radii, {approx}10{sup 10} to a few Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11} cm, and the flow there should be relatively slow: the bulk Lorentz factor could not exceed a few tens for all but the most luminous bursts with the highest E {sub pk} values. The least restrictive constraint for successful thermalization, {Gamma} {approx}< 20, is obtained if synchrotron emission acts as the photon source. This requires, however, a non-thermal acceleration deep below the Thomson photosphere transferring a significant fraction of the flow energy to relativistic electrons with Lorentz factors between 10 and 100. Other processes require bulk flow Lorentz factors of order of a few for typical bursts. We examine the implications of these results to different GRB photospheric emission models.

Vurm, Indrek; Piran, Tsvi [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)] [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); Lyubarsky, Yuri, E-mail: indrek.vurm@gmail.com [Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel)] [Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

303

Effect of high strain rates on peak stress in a Zr-based bulk metallic glass  

SciTech Connect

The mechanical behavior of Zr{sub 41.25}Ti{sub 13.75}Cu{sub 12.5}Ni{sub 10}Be{sub 22.5} (LM-1) has been extensively characterized under quasistatic loading conditions; however, its mechanical behavior under dynamic loading conditions is currently not well understood. A Split-Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) and a single-stage gas gun are employed to characterize the mechanical behavior of LM-1 in the strain-rate regime of 10{sup 2}-10{sup 5}/s. The SHPB experiments are conducted with a tapered insert design to mitigate the effects of stress concentrations and preferential failure at the specimen-insert interface. The higher strain-rate plate-impact compression-and-shear experiments are conducted by impacting a thick tungsten carbide (WC) flyer plate with a sandwich sample comprising a thin bulk metallic glass specimen between two thicker WC target plates. Specimens employed in the SHPB experiments failed in the gage-section at a peak stress of approximately 1.8 GPa. Specimens in the high strain-rate plate-impact experiments exhibited a flow stress in shear of approximately 0.9 GPa, regardless of the shear strain-rate. The flow stress under the plate-impact conditions was converted to an equivalent flow stress under uniaxial compression by assuming a von Mises-like material behavior and accounting for the plane strain conditions. The results of these experiments, when compared to the previous work conducted at quasistatic loading rates, indicate that the peak stress of LM-1 is essentially strain rate independent over the strain-rate range up to 10{sup 5}/s.

Sunny, George; Yuan Fuping; Prakash, Vikas [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7222 (United States); Lewandowski, John [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7222 (United States)

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Peak Demand Reduction from Pre-Cooling with Zone Temperature Reset in an Office Building  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to demonstrate the potential for reducing peak-period electrical demand in moderate-weight commercial buildings by modifying the control of the HVAC system. An 80,000 ft{sup 2} office building with a medium-weight building structure and high window-to-wall ratio was used for a case study in which zone temperature set-points were adjusted prior to and during occupancy. HVAC performance data and zone temperatures were recorded using the building control system. Additional operative temperature sensors for selected zones and power meters for the chillers and the AHU fans were installed for the study. An energy performance baseline was constructed from data collected during normal operation. Two strategies for demand shifting using the building thermal mass were then programmed in the control system and implemented progressively over a period of one month. It was found that a simple demand limiting strategy performed well in this building. This strategy involved maintaining zone temperatures at the lower end of the comfort region during the occupied period up until 2 pm. Starting at 2 pm, the zone temperatures were allowed to float to the high end of the comfort region. With this strategy, the chiller power was reduced by 80-100% (1-2.3 W/ft{sup 2}) during normal peak hours from 2-5 pm, without causing any thermal comfort complaints. The effects on the demand from 2-5 pm of the inclusion of pre-cooling prior to occupancy are unclear.

Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip; Piette, Mary Ann; Braun, James

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Peak demand reduction from pre-cooling with zone temperature reset in an office building  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to demonstrate the potential for reducing peak-period electrical demand in moderate-weight commercial buildings by modifying the control of the HVAC system. An 80,000 ft{sup 2} office building with a medium-weight building structure and high window-to-wall ratio was used for a case study in which zone temperature set-points were adjusted prior to and during occupancy. HVAC performance data and zone temperatures were recorded using the building control system. Additional operative temperature sensors for selected zones and power meters for the chillers and the AHU fans were installed for the study. An energy performance baseline was constructed from data collected during normal operation. Two strategies for demand shifting using the building thermal mass were then programmed in the control system and implemented progressively over a period of one month. It was found that a simple demand limiting strategy performed well in this building. This strategy involved maintaining zone temperatures at the lower end of the comfort region during the occupied period up until 2 pm. Starting at 2 pm, the zone temperatures were allowed to float to the high end of the comfort region. With this strategy, the chiller power was reduced by 80-100% (1-2.3 W/ft{sup 2}) during normal peak hours from 2-5 pm, without causing any thermal comfort complaints. The effects on the demand from 2-5 pm of the inclusion of pre-cooling prior to occupancy are unclear.

Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip; Piette, Mary Ann; Braun, James

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

B_c Meson Production Around the Z^0 Peak at a High Luminosity e^+ e^- Collider  

SciTech Connect

Considering the possibility to build an e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at the energies around the Z{sup 0}-boson resonance with a planned luminosity so high as L {proportional_to} 10{sup 34} {approx} 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1} (super Z-factory), we make a detailed discussion on the (c{bar b})-quarkonium production through e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} (c{bar b})[n] + b + {bar c} within the framework of non-relativistic QCD. Here [n] stands for the Fock-states |(c{sub b}){sub 1}[{sup 1}S{sub 0}]>, |(c{bar b})8[{sup 1}S{sub 0}]g>, |(c{bar b} ){sub 1}[{sup 3}S{sub 1}]>, |(c{bar b}){sub 8}[{sup 3}S{sub 1}]g>, |(c{bar b}){sub 1}[{sup 1}P{sub 1}]> and |(c{bar b}){sub 1}[{sup 3}P{sub J}]> (with J = (1, 2, 3)) respectively. To simplify the hard-scattering amplitude as much as possible and to derive analytic expressions for the purpose of future events simulation, we adopt the 'improved trace technology' to do our calculation, which deals with the hard scattering amplitude directly at the amplitude level other than the conventional way at the squared-amplitude level. Total cross-section uncertainties caused by the quark masses are predicted by taking m{sub c} = 1.50 {+-} 0.30 GeV and m{sub b} = 4.90 {+-} 0.40 GeV. If all higher (c{bar b})-quarkonium states decay to the ground state B{sub c} (|(c{bar b}){sub 1}[{sup 1}S{sub 0}]>) with 100% efficiency, we obtain {sigma}{sub e{sup +}+e{sup -}{yields}B{sub c}+b+{bar c}} = 5.190{sub -2.419}{sup +6.222} pb, which shows that about 10{sup 5} {approx} 10{sup 7} B{sub c} events per operation year can be accumulated in the super Z-factory. If taking the collider energy runs slightly off the Z{sup 0}-peak, i.e. {radical}S = (1.00 {+-} 0.05)m{sub Z}, the total cross-section shall be lowered by about one-order from its peak value. Such a super Z-factory shall provide another useful platform to study the properties of B{sub c} meson, or even the properties of its excited P-wave states, in addition to its production at the hadronic colliders Tevatron and LHC.

Yang, Zhi; /Chongqing U.; Wu, Xing-Gang; /Chongqing U. /SLAC; Chen, Gu; Liao, Qi-Li; /Chongqing U.; Zhang, Jia-Wei; /Chongqing U.

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

307

High-Performance with Solar Electric Reduced Peak Demand: Premier Homes Rancho Cordoba, CA- Building America Top Innovation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Building America Innovations profile describes Building America solar home research that has demonstrated the ability to reduce peak demand by 75%. Numerous field studies have monitored power production and system effectiveness.

308

Energy, power, and office buildings : design and analysis of an off-peak cooling system using structural mass storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the electric utilities face ever increasing peak power production requirements, (mostly from the commercial sector) scheduled "time-of-day" pricing schemes have become imperative. At present, most conservation strategies ...

Mathis, Rory Christopher

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Project title: Stimulation at Desert Peak and Bradys reservoirs: modeling with the coupled THM code FEHM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Project title: Stimulation at Desert Peak and Bradys reservoirs: modeling with the coupled THM code FEHM presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

310

Methods, systems and apparatus for approximation of peak summed fundamental and third harmonic voltages in a multi-phase machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, system and apparatus are provided for quickly approximating a peak summed magnitude (A) of a phase voltage (Vph) waveform in a multi-phase system that implements third harmonic injection.

Ransom, Ray M. (Big Bear City, CA); Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Kinoshita, Michael H. (Redondo Beach, CA)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

311

Investigation of active faulting at the Emigrant Peak fault in Nevada using shallow seismic reflection and ground penetrating radar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to assess fault displacement, off-fault deformation, and alluvial fan stratigraphy at the Emigrant Peak fault zone (EPFZ) in Fish Lake Valley, Nevada utilizing shallow seismic reflection (SSR) and ground penetrating...

Christie, Michael Wayne

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

312

Secondary Phi-Meson Peak as an Indicator of a Qcd Phase-Transition in Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 50, NUMBER 6 DECEMBER 1994 Secondary phi meson peak as an indicator of a +CD phase transition in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions M. Asakawa* Nuclear Science Division, MS 70A $80-7, Laurrence Berkeley Laboratory... invariant mass spectrum if a first order /CD phase transition occurs in ultrarelativistic heavy- ion collisions. Furthermore, the transition temperature can be determined from the transverse momentum distribution of the low mass phi peak. In this work, we...

Asakawa, M.; Ko, Che Ming.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Industrial-Load-Shaping: The Practice of and Prospects for Utility/Industry Cooperation to Manage Peak Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INDUSTRIAL-LOAD-SHAPI1IG: TIlE PRACTICE OF AND PROSPECTS FOR UTILITY/INDUSTRY COOPERATION TO MAUGE PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND Donald J. BuIes and David E. Rubin Consultants, Pacific Gas and Electric Company San Francisco, California Michael F.... Maniates Energy and Resources Group, University of California Berkeley, California ABSTRACT Load-management programs designed to reduce demand for electricity during peak periods are becoming increasingly important to electric utilities. For a gf...

Bules, D. J.; Rubin, D. E.; Maniates, M. F.

314

A real time model to forecast 24 hours ahead, ozone peaks and exceedance levels. Model based on artificial neural networks, neural classifier and weather predictions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on artificial neural networks, neural classifier and weather predictions. Application in an urban atmosphere - will be solved. Keywords: Artificial neural network; Multilayer Perceptron; ozone modelling; statistical stepwise and Software 22, 9 (2007) 1261-1269" DOI : 10.1016/j.envsoft.2006.08.002 #12;Abstract A neural network combined

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

315

Levelized Electricity Costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of levelized energy costs responds to the necessity of disclosing the ... in order to recover the total life cycle cost of energy production. This chapter charts the effectiveness of levelized cost fo...

Nuno Luis Madureira

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

The Enterprise Level Roadmap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Enterprise Level Roadmap is part of a Transition-To-Lean Guide, a three volume set of materials designed to help a user navigate through the Roadmap at increasingly deeper levels of detail.

Lean Advancement Initiative

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Development of a Dispatchable PV Peak Shainv System. PV: Bonus Program - Phase 1 Report. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the work performed by Delmarva Power and Light and its subcontractors in Phase 1 of the US Department of Energy's PV:BONUS Program. The purpose of the program is to develop products and systems for buildings which utilize photovoltaic (N) technology. Beginning with a cooperative research effort with the University of Delaware's Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research Delmarva Power developed and demonstrated the concept of Dispatchable PV Peak Shaving. This concept and the system which resulted horn the development work are unique from other grid-connected PV systems because it combines a PV, battery energy storage, power conversion and control technologies into an integrated package. Phase 1 began in July 1993 with the installation of a test and demonstration system at Delmarva's Northern Division General Office building near Newark, Delaware. Following initial testing throughout the summer and fall of 1993, significant modifications were made under an amendment to the DOE contract. Work on Phase 1 concluded in the early spring of 1995. Significant progress towards the goal of commercializing the system was made during Phase 1, and is summarized. Based on progress in Phase 1, a proposal to continue the work in Phase 2 was submitted to the US DOE in May 1995. A contract amendment and providing funds for the Phase 2 work is expected in July 1995.

None

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

MELT WIRE SENSORS AVAILABLE TO DETERMINE PEAK TEMPERATURES IN ATR IRRADIATION TESTING  

SciTech Connect

In April 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) designated the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) a National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) to advance US leadership in nuclear science and technology. By attracting new users from universities, laboratories, and industry, the ATR will support basic and applied nuclear research and development and help address the nation's energy security needs. In support of this new program, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has developed in-house capabilities to fabricate, test, and qualify new and enhanced temperature sensors for irradiation testing. Although most efforts emphasize sensors capable of providing real-time data, selected tasks have been completed to enhance sensors provided in irradiation locations where instrumentation leads cannot be included, such as drop-in capsule and Hydraulic Shuttle Irradiation System (HSIS) or 'rabbit' locations. To meet the need for these locations, the INL has developed melt wire temperature sensors for use in ATR irradiation testing. Differential scanning calorimetry and environmental testing of prototypical sensors was used to develop a library of 28 melt wire materials, capable of detecting peak irradiation temperatures ranging from 85 to 1500°C. This paper will discuss the development work and present test results.

K. L. Davis; D. Knudson; J. Daw; J. Palmer; J. L. Rempe

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Detection of point sources on two-dimensional images based on peaks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article considers the detection of point sources in two dimensional astronomical images. The detection scheme we propose is based on peak statistics. We discuss the example of the detection of far galaxies in Cosmic Microwave Background experiments throughout the paper, although the method we present is totally general and can be used in many other fields of data analysis. We assume sources with a Gaussian profile --that is a fair approximation of the profile of a point source convolved with the detector beam in microwave experiments-- on a background modeled by a homogeneous and isotropic Gaussian random field characterized by a scale-free power spectrum. Point sources are enhanced with respect to the background by means of linear filters. After filtering, we identify local maxima and apply our detection scheme, a Neyman-Pearson detector that defines our region of acceptance based on the a priori pdf of the sources and the ratio of number densities. We study the different performances of some linear fil...

Lopez-Caniego, M; Sanz, J L; Barreiro, R B

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Detection of point sources on two-dimensional images based on peaks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article considers the detection of point sources in two dimensional astronomical images. The detection scheme we propose is based on peak statistics. We discuss the example of the detection of far galaxies in Cosmic Microwave Background experiments throughout the paper, although the method we present is totally general and can be used in many other fields of data analysis. We assume sources with a Gaussian profile --that is a fair approximation of the profile of a point source convolved with the detector beam in microwave experiments-- on a background modeled by a homogeneous and isotropic Gaussian random field characterized by a scale-free power spectrum. Point sources are enhanced with respect to the background by means of linear filters. After filtering, we identify local maxima and apply our detection scheme, a Neyman-Pearson detector that defines our region of acceptance based on the a priori pdf of the sources and the ratio of number densities. We study the different performances of some linear filters that have been used in this context in the literature: the Mexican Hat wavelet, the matched filter and the scale-adaptive filter. We consider as well an extension to two dimensions of the biparametric scale adaptive filter (BSAF). The BSAF depends on two parameters which are determined by maximizing the number density of real detections while fixing the number density of spurious detections. For our detection criterion the BSAF outperforms the other filters in the interesting case of white noise.

M. Lopez-Caniego; D. Herranz; J. L. Sanz; R. B. Barreiro

2005-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which apor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, Albert P. (Vernon, CT)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which vapor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, A.P.

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

323

Degree-scale anomalies in the CMB: Localizing the first peak dip to a small patch of the north ecliptic sky  

SciTech Connect

Noticeable deviations from the prediction of the fiducial lambda cold dark matter cosmology are found in the angular power spectrum of the cosmic microwave background. Besides large-angle anomalies, the WMAP first year data revealed a dip in the power spectrum at l{approx}200, which seemed to disappear in the third year and subsequent angular power spectra. Using the WMAP single first, third, and fifth year data as well as the total 5 yr coadded data, we study the intensity and spatial distribution of this feature in order to unveil its origin and its implications for the cosmological parameters. We show that in the 5 yr coadded WMAP data release there is a suppression of the first Doppler peak in a region near the north ecliptic pole at a significance level between 99% and 96% depending on the weighting scheme that is considered.

Yoho, Amanda [CERCA, Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7079 (United States); Ferrer, Francesc [Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Starkman, Glenn D. [CERCA/ISO, Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7079 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

A new approach in the detection of weak {\\gamma}-ray peak of the radioactive waste in tomography {\\gamma} scanning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a new approach to efficiently detect weak {\\gamma}-ray peak of the radioactive waste in tomographic {\\gamma} scanning (TGS). In the TGS measurement, {\\gamma}-ray peak identification is usually difficult due to the short measurement time that results in a lower {\\gamma}-ray energy produced by the decay. Consequently, the resulting significant scattering in the low-energy side leads to strong statistical fluctuations and low detection efficiency that overwhelm the {\\gamma}-ray peak. Here, we propose the use of shift invariance wavelet algorithm for low-energy part of the spectrum for weak {\\gamma}-ray peak smoothing. The proposed algorithm not only overcomes the pseudo-Gibbs in the high-resolution {\\gamma}-ray spectrum de-noising by the traditional wavelet transform, but also keeps quality of the weak {\\gamma}-ray characteristic peak as well. Our new approach shows a significantly improved performance of the figure of merit (FOM) together with lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) compared with the ...

Jinzha, Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

A new approach in the detection of weak ?-ray peak of the radioactive waste in tomography ? scanning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a new approach to efficiently detect weak {\\gamma}-ray peak of the radioactive waste in tomographic {\\gamma} scanning (TGS). In the TGS measurement, {\\gamma}-ray peak identification is usually difficult due to the short measurement time that results in a lower {\\gamma}-ray energy produced by the decay. Consequently, the resulting significant scattering in the low-energy side leads to strong statistical fluctuations and low detection efficiency that overwhelm the {\\gamma}-ray peak. Here, we propose the use of shift invariance wavelet algorithm for low-energy part of the spectrum for weak {\\gamma}-ray peak smoothing. The proposed algorithm not only overcomes the pseudo-Gibbs in the high-resolution {\\gamma}-ray spectrum de-noising by the traditional wavelet transform, but also keeps quality of the weak {\\gamma}-ray characteristic peak as well. Our new approach shows a significantly improved performance of the figure of merit (FOM) together with lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) compared with the traditional wavelet transform. These results indicate the significant potential of our approach that could effectively increase the accuracy of weak {\\gamma}-ray detecting activation analysis in TGS.

Zhang Jinzha; Tuo Xianguo

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

326

Relationships between student achievement and levels of computer technology integration by Texas agriscience teachers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT AND LEVELS OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION BY TEXAS AGRISCIENCE TEACHERS A Dissertation by JASON B. PEAKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION BY TEXAS AGRISCIENCE TEACHERS A Dissertation by JASON B. PEAKE Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style...

Peake, Jason Boone

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 501, Vol. 46, No. 1, March 2009, pp. 1928 ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK-BASED ESTIMATION OF PEAK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­28 ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK-BASED ESTIMATION OF PEAK GROUND ACCELERATION C.R. Arjun and Ashok Kumar Department the application of artificial neural networks (ANNs) for the estimation of peak ground acceleration (PGA inputs. KEYWORDS: Artificial Neural Networks, Peak Ground Acceleration, Hypocentral Distance, Shear Wave

Gupta, Vinay Kumar

328

An MBendi Profile: World: Oil And Gas Industry -Peak Oil: an Outlook on Crude Oil Depletion -C.J.Campbell -Revised February 2002 Search for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An MBendi Profile: World: Oil And Gas Industry - Peak Oil: an Outlook on Crude Oil Depletion - C - Contact Us - Newsletter Register subscribe to our FREE newsletter World: Oil And Gas Industry - Peak Oil the subsequent decline. q Gas, which is less depleted than oil, will likely peak around 2020. q Capacity limits

329

Tiltmeter leveling mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tiltmeter device having a pair of orthogonally disposed tilt sensors that are levelable within an inner housing containing the sensors. An outer housing can be rotated to level at least one of the sensor pair while the inner housing can be rotated to level the other sensor of the pair. The sensors are typically rotated up to about plus or minus 100 degrees. The device is effective for measuring tilts in a wide range of angles of inclination of wells and can be employed to level a platform containing a third sensor.

Hunter, Steven L. (Livermore, CA); Boro, Carl O. (Milpitas, CA); Farris, Alvis (late of Byron, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010; " " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

331

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

332

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

333

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

334

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch LPG to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit:...

335

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.5 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Residual Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy...

336

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit:...

337

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Distillate Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy...

338

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Steamboat Springs, Colorado, for the Storm Peak Laboratory Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

In October 2010, the initial deployment of the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) took place at Steamboat Springs, Colorado, for the Storm Peak Laboratory Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX). The objective of this field campaign was to obtain data about liquid and mixed-phase clouds using AMF2 instruments in conjunction with Storm Peak Laboratory (located at an elevation of 3220 meters on Mt. Werner), a cloud and aerosol research facility operated by the Desert Research Institute. STORMVEX datasets are freely available for viewing and download. Users are asked to register with the ARM Archive; the user's email address is used from that time forward as the login name.

339

Anomalous peak at low fields in the magnetization versus temperature curve in bulk ceramic high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When a bulk ceramic high-temperature superconductor is cooled in a small field and the magnetic moment of the sample is measured as the sample is warmed, an anomalous peak in the magnetic moment is observed. This peak can be as high as 50% of the low-temperature moment for fields less than 1 Oe, but it rapidly decreases as the magnetic field increases. We show that this anomaly is due to the interrelationship between flux trapping by intergranular weak links and the irreversible flux trapping properties of the superconducting grains as recently described by Hao and Clem.

J. P. Wang and W. C. H. Joiner

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Microsoft Word - Chemetall Foote_Kings Mountain and Silver Peak Final EA 9-15-10-1 _3_  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 Final Environmental Assessment For Chemetall Foote Corporation Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Kings Mountain, NC and Silver Peak, NV September 2010 Prepared for: Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory This page intentionally left blank. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and DOE/EA-1715 Component Manufacturing Initiative Project Environmental Assessment Chemetall Foote Corporation, Kings Mountain, NC and Silver Peak, NV September 2010 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes, through a cooperative agreement with Chemetall Foote Corporation (Chemetall) to partially fund: (1) the establishment of a new 5,000 metric ton per year lithium

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Flexible Coal: An Example Evolution from Baseload to Peaking Plant (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-first century power systems, with higher penetration levels of low-carbon energy, smart grids, and other emerging technologies, will favor resources that have low marginal costs and provide system flexibility (e.g., the ability to cycle on and off to follow changes in variable renewable energy plant output). Questions remain about both the fate of coal plants in this scenario and whether they can cost-effectively continue to operate if they cycle routinely. The experience from the CGS plant demonstrates that coal plants can become flexible resources. This flexibility - namely the ability to cycle on and off and run at lower output (below 40% of capacity) - requires limited hardware modifications but extensive modifications to operational practice. Cycling does damage the plant and impact its life expectancy compared to baseload operations. Nevertheless, strategic modifications, proactive inspections and training programs, among other operational changes to accommodate cycling, can minimize the extent of damage and optimize the cost of maintenance. CGS's cycling, but not necessarily the associated price tag, is replicable. Context - namely, power market opportunities and composition of the generation fleet - will help determine for other coal plants the optimal balance between the level of cycling-related forced outages and the level of capital investment required to minimize those outages. Replicating CGS's experience elsewhere will likely require a higher acceptance of forced outages than regulators and plant operators are accustomed to; however, an increase in strategic maintenance can minimize the impact on outage rates.

Cochran, J.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Flexible Coal: An Example Evolution from Baseload to Peaking Plant (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-first century power systems, with higher penetration levels of low-carbon energy, smart grids, and other emerging technologies, will favor resources that have low marginal costs and provide system flexibility (e.g., the ability to cycle on and off to follow changes in variable renewable energy plant output). Questions remain about both the fate of coal plants in this scenario and whether they can cost-effectively continue to operate if they cycle routinely. The experience from the CGS plant demonstrates that coal plants can become flexible resources. This flexibility - namely the ability to cycle on and off and run at lower output (below 40% of capacity) - requires limited hardware modifications but extensive modifications to operational practice. Cycling does damage the plant and impact its life expectancy compared to baseload operations. Nevertheless, strategic modifications, proactive inspections and training programs, among other operational changes to accommodate cycling, can minimize the extent of damage and optimize the cost of maintenance. CGS's cycling, but not necessarily the associated price tag, is replicable. Context - namely, power market opportunities and composition of the generation fleet - will help determine for other coal plants the optimal balance between the level of cycling-related forced outages and the level of capital investment required to minimize those outages. Replicating CGS's experience elsewhere will likely require a higher acceptance of forced outages than regulators and plant operators are accustomed to; however, an increase in strategic maintenance can minimize the impact on outage rates.

Cochran, J.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Precision liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A precision liquid level sensor utilizes a balanced R. F. bridge, each arm including an air dielectric line. Changes in liquid level along one air dielectric line imbalance the bridge and create a voltage which is directly measurable across the bridge.

Field, Michael E. (Albuquerque, NM); Sullivan, William H. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The transition to renewables: Can PV provide an answer to the peak oil and climate change challenges?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transition to renewables: Can PV provide an answer to the peak oil and climate change content per kWh generated of this technology is similar to other renewable technologies, such as other of renewable energy sources. & 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction The archeologist Joseph

Ito, Garrett

345

Dynamic Control of Electricity Cost with Power Demand Smoothing and Peak Shaving for Distributed Internet Data Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Control of Electricity Cost with Power Demand Smoothing and Peak Shaving for Distributed a major part of their running costs. Modern electric power grid provides a feasible way to dynamically and efficiently manage the electricity cost of distributed IDCs based on the Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP

Rahman, A.K.M. Ashikur

346

Green Scheduling of Control Systems for Peak Demand Reduction Truong X. Nghiem, Madhur Behl, Rahul Mangharam and George J. Pappas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and refrigeration operate independently of each other and frequently result in temporally correlated energy demand of energy demand by scheduling the control systems within a constrained peak while ensuring custom climate and refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems, chiller sys- tems, and lighting systems operate independently of each other

Pappas, George J.

347

COLL-C 103: Critical Approaches to the Arts & Sciences, Fall 2012 TOPIC: Pleasure, Pain, and Peak Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil Instructor: Dr. Lisa Sideris Department of Religious Studies lsideris@indiana.edu Class meetings: Tuesday/Thursday 11:15-12:30 Course Description: American society is addicted to oil. Halting any. Pressing environmental issues such as peak oil and climate change may well bring a radical reevaluation

Indiana University

348

bulk power | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bulk power bulk power Dataset Summary Description The Form EIA-411, "Coordinated Bulk Power Supply Program Report," collects information from the Nation's power system planners about the electricity supply, both capacity and energy, that is needed to serve current demand and for future growth. Source Energy Information Administration (EIA) Date Released December 03rd, 2010 (3 years ago) Date Updated December 03rd, 2010 (3 years ago) Keywords bulk power EIA Electricity Generation Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Net Energy for Load - Historic, Actual and Projected Five-Years (xls, 26.1 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon Noncoincident Peak Load - Historic, Actual and Projected Five-Years (xls, 25.6 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon Noncoincident Peak Load - Historic, Actual and Projected Five-Years (xls, 0 bytes)

349

Improved freezing level retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRMM Microwave Imager(TMI)-based passive microwave retrieval techniques result in biased estimates of the freezing level and rainfall over the east Pacific in the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Passive microwave rainfall estimates...

Hong, Sungwook

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Oil depletion or a market problem? A framing analysis of peak oil in The Economist news magazine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Despite an increase of oil production from unconventional resources, concerns about the depletion of ‘cheap oil’ are more imminent than ever. Recognising the importance of media in influencing public opinion, risk perceptions and policy making, this research presents a framing analysis of peak oil in The Economists’ news magazine (2008 and 2012). One hundred and seventy articles, of which 58 focused on energy security and oil production, were analysed using content and discourse analysis. Coverage was multi-facetted, and included oil depletion as one storyline within the supply challenge frame, especially during times of very high oil prices. Oil prices and the rapid growth in ‘fracking’ were found to be critical discourse moments, influencing the nature of oil coverage in The Economist. Overall, due to The Economist's neoliberal ideology and the resulting optimistic framing of market forces and new technologies, this research found that the news magazine does not contribute majorly to enhancing the public debate on peak oil.

Susanne Becken

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

High level nuclear waste  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Division of Waste Products through a lead office at Savannah River is developing a program to immobilize all US high-level nuclear waste for terminal disposal. DOE high-level wastes include those at the Hanford Plant, the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, and the Savannah River Plant. Commercial high-level wastes, for which DOE is also developing immobilization technology, include those at the Nuclear Fuel Services Plant and any future commercial fuels reprocessing plants. The first immobilization plant is to be the Defense Waste Processing Facility at Savannah River, scheduled for 1983 project submission to Congress and 1989 operation. Waste forms are still being selected for this plant. Borosilicate glass is currently the reference form, but alternate candidates include concretes, calcines, other glasses, ceramics, and matrix forms.

Crandall, J L

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

X-RAY ESCAPE PEAK VARIATIONS IN DIODES MADE FROM DOUBLY TRAVELLING SOLVENT GROWN p-TYPE CdTe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

293 X-RAY ESCAPE PEAK VARIATIONS IN DIODES MADE FROM DOUBLY TRAVELLING SOLVENT GROWN p-TYPE CdTe H On a étudié la variation de l'intensité du pic d'échappement d'un compteur CdTe en fonction de la tension de height on the applied diode voltage was measured at diodes made from doubly travelling solvent grown CdTe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

353

Enhanced Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems Toward Peak Power Reduction for an Office Building in Kuwait  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhanced?Operation?Strategies?for?Air? Conditioning?and?Lighting? Systems?Toward?Peak?Power?Reduction? for?an?Office?Building?in?Kuwait F. Alghimlas A. Al-Mulla G.P. Maheshwari D. Al-Nakib Building and Energy Technologies Department... Environment and Urban Development Division ICEBO 2012 Manchester, United Kingdom October 23-26, 2012 Electricity?Use?by?Sector?in?Kuwait Percentages?of?Primary?Energy?Utilization Percentages?of?Electricity?Utilization Yearly?Increase?in...

Alghimlas, F.; Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G.P.; Al-Nakib, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

ENRAF gauge reference level calculations  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the method for calculating reference levels for Enraf Series 854 Level Detectors as installed in the tank farms. The reference level calculation for each installed level gauge is contained herein.

Huber, J.H., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

355

Ultrasonic liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrasonic liquid level detector for use within a shielded container, the detector being tubular in shape with a chamber at its lower end into which liquid from in the container may enter and exit, the chamber having an ultrasonic transmitter and receiver in its top wall and a reflector plate or target as its bottom wall whereby when liquid fills the chamber a complete medium is then present through which an ultrasonic wave may be transmitted and reflected from the target thus signaling that the liquid is at chamber level.

Kotz, Dennis M. (North Augusta, SC); Hinz, William R. (Augusta, GA)

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

356

Liquid-level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aliquid level sensor is described which has a pair of upright conductors spaced by an insulator defining a first high resistance path between the conductors. An electrically conductive path is interposed between the upright conductors at a discrete location at which liquid level is to be measured. It includes a liquid accessible gap of a dimension such that the electrical resistance across the conductor when the gap is filled with the liquid is detectably less than when the gap is emptied. The conductor might also be physically altered by temperature changes to serve also as an indicator of elevated temperature.

Not Available

1981-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

357

Chapter 10, Peak Demand and Time-Differentiated Energy Savings Cross-Cutting Protocols: The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Peak Demand and 0: Peak Demand and Time-Differentiated Energy Savings Cross-Cutting Protocols Frank Stern, Navigant Consulting Subcontract Report NREL/SR-7A30-53827 April 2013 The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures 10 - 1 Chapter 10 - Table of Contents 1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................2 2 Purpose of Peak Demand and Time-differentiated Energy Savings .......................................3 3 Key Concepts ..........................................................................................................................5 4 Methods of Determining Peak Demand and Time-Differentiated Energy Impacts ...............7

358

Hydrogen-or-Fossil-Combustion Nuclear Combined-Cycle Systems for Base- and Peak-Load Electricity Production  

SciTech Connect

A combined-cycle power plant is described that uses (1) heat from a high-temperature nuclear reactor to meet base-load electrical demands and (2) heat from the same high-temperature reactor and burning natural gas, jet fuel, or hydrogen to meet peak-load electrical demands. For base-load electricity production, fresh air is compressed; then flows through a heat exchanger, where it is heated to between 700 and 900 C by heat provided by a high-temperature nuclear reactor via an intermediate heat-transport loop; and finally exits through a high-temperature gas turbine to produce electricity. The hot exhaust from the Brayton-cycle gas turbine is then fed to a heat recovery steam generator that provides steam to a steam turbine for added electrical power production. To meet peak electricity demand, the air is first compressed and then heated with the heat from a high-temperature reactor. Natural gas, jet fuel, or hydrogen is then injected into the hot air in a combustion chamber, combusts, and heats the air to 1300 C-the operating conditions for a standard natural-gas-fired combined-cycle plant. The hot gas then flows through a gas turbine and a heat recovery steam generator before being sent to the exhaust stack. The higher temperatures increase the plant efficiency and power output. If hydrogen is used, it can be produced at night using energy from the nuclear reactor and stored until needed. With hydrogen serving as the auxiliary fuel for peak power production, the electricity output to the electric grid can vary from zero (i.e., when hydrogen is being produced) to the maximum peak power while the nuclear reactor operates at constant load. Because nuclear heat raises air temperatures above the auto-ignition temperatures of the various fuels and powers the air compressor, the power output can be varied rapidly (compared with the capabilities of fossil-fired turbines) to meet spinning reserve requirements and stabilize the electric grid. This combined cycle uses the unique characteristics of high-temperature reactors (T>700 C) to produce electricity for premium electric markets whose demands can not be met by other types of nuclear reactors. It may also make the use of nuclear reactors economically feasible in smaller electrical grids, such as those found in many developing countries. The ability to rapidly vary power output can be used to stabilize electric grid performance-a particularly important need in small electrical grids.

Forsberg, Charles W [ORNL; Conklin, Jim [ORNL

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Peak Oil Demand: The Role of Fuel Efficiency and Alternative Fuels in a Global Oil Production Decline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peak Oil Demand: The Role of Fuel Efficiency and Alternative Fuels in a Global Oil Production Decline ... (11) Another analysis suggests that a transition to hydrogen- and natural-gas-fueled vehicles—and the associated climate benefits—will partly be driven by dwindling oil supplies. ... Within each class, we do not attempt to predict the exact substitute that will dominate (for example, whether electricity, hydrogen fuel cells, or natural gas will prevail in the passenger car market), but rather model the aggregate contribution of alternatives to conventional oil. ...

Adam R. Brandt; Adam Millard-Ball; Matthew Ganser; Steven M. Gorelick

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

360

Daily load profile and monthly power peaks evaluation of the urban substation of the capital of Jordan Amman  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hourly recorded power of an urban substation of the National Electric Power Company (NEPCO) in the capital of Jordan Amman is used to calculate the diversity and conversion factors of the substation. These factors are used to estimate the daily load power profile and the monthly peak power of the substation. The results show that the conversion factors are almost independent of the number of feeders in the substation, while the diversity factors vary in substations that have six feeders or less. The results show a good correlation between the estimated and actual recorded data of the daily load profile with less than 5% percentage error.

Nabeel I.A. Tawalbeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Power Scaling of Tm:fiber Lasers to the kW Level Peter F. Moulton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Scaling of Tm:fiber Lasers to the kW Level Peter F. Moulton Q-Peak, Inc. CREOL Industrial · Fundamentals of Tm:silica fiber lasers · Fiber laser setup and results Support: HEL-JTO Contract Nos. FA9451, Nufern: Gavin Frith, Bryce Samson, Adrian Carter #12;Relative eye safety is obtained for > 1400-nm

Van Stryland, Eric

362

SmartCap: Flattening Peak Electricity Demand in Smart Homes Sean Barker, Aditya Mishra, David Irwin, Prashant Shenoy, and Jeannie Albrecht  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SmartCap: Flattening Peak Electricity Demand in Smart Homes Sean Barker, Aditya Mishra, David Irwin--Flattening household electricity demand reduces generation costs, since costs are disproportionately affected by peak demands. While the vast majority of household electrical loads are interactive and have little scheduling

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

363

Peak effect in laser ablated DyBa2Cu3O7-d films at microwave frequencies at subcritical currents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we report the observation of a peak in the microwave surface resistance (at frequencies ~10GHz) of laser ablated DyBa2Cu3O7-d films in magnetic field ranging from 2 to 9kOe (||c) close to the superconducting transition temperature (Tc(H)). The exact nature of peak is sample dependent but it follows a general behaviour. The peak shifts to lower temperature when the magnetic field is increased. It has strong frequency dependence and the peak is pronounced at frequencies close to the depinning frequency of the flux line lattice. From the observed temperature and field dependence we argue that this peak is associated with the order disorder transition of the flux line lattice close to Tc(H).

A. R. Bhangale; P. Raychaudhuri; T. Banerjee; R. Pinto; V. S. Shirodhkar

2000-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

Control Strategy for Domestic Water Heaters during Peak Periods and its Impact on the Demand for Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Because they store hot water, water heaters are easily-shifted loads that can be controlled to reduce peak demands. However, load shifting may have some detrimental consequences on the domestic hot water supply temperature if the heating element is deactivated for a long period of time. Furthermore, a new peak may be caused if a significant number of heaters are reactivated at the same time. This study presents a control strategy for water heaters that minimizes the pick-up demand when the heating elements are reactivated at the end of a load shifting period and that ensures, in all cases, the client's hot water supply. The study is based on a simulation model of a water heater that was experimentally validated and takes into account the diversity of the population's hot water withdrawal profile. More specifically, the data of 8,167 real water withdrawal profiles of several clients were input into the simulation model in order to evaluate the performance of water heaters under different operating conditions.

Alain Moreau

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Pinning down energy levels | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pinning down energy levels Pinning down energy levels Scientists discover the energy differences behind green fluorescent protein's glow The research begins with (a) the model GFP...

366

Company Level Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports Company Level Imports With Data for September 2013 | Release Date: November 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 30, 2013 | XLS Previous Issues Month: September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 prior issues Go September 2013 Import Highlights Monthly data on the origins of crude oil imports in September 2013 has been released and it shows that two countries exported more than 1 million barrels per day to the United States (see table below). The top five exporting countries accounted for 75 percent of United States crude oil imports in September while the top ten sources accounted for approximately 92 percent of all U.S. crude oil imports. The top five sources of US crude

367

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for conductive liquids for vertical installation in a tank, the detector having a probe positioned within a sheath and insulated therefrom by a seal so that the tip of the probe extends proximate to but not below the lower end of the sheath, the lower end terminating in a rim that is provided with notches, said lower end being tapered, the taper and notches preventing debris collection and bubble formation, said lower end when contacting liquid as it rises will form an airtight cavity defined by the liquid, the interior sheath wall, and the seal, the compression of air in the cavity preventing liquid from further entry into the sheath and contact with the seal. As a result, the liquid cannot deposit a film to form an electrical bridge across the seal.

Tshishiku, Eugene M. (Augusta, GA)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

368

Desert Peak EGS Project  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

USGS, LBNL, SANDIA, LANL - International Collaborations: Mil-Tech (UK), Bestec (Germany) - Sub contactors: Rain for Rent, ThermaSource, Schlumberger, TerraTek 7 | US DOE...

369

China and Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the mid-1950s there was a severe oil shortage in China. Fighter jets and tanks stood still and the buses on Beijing’s streets were fueled from large bags of gas on their roofs. Several drilling teams travel...

Kjell Aleklett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Inhalation and Ingestion Intakes with Associated Dose Estimates for Level II and Level III Personnel Using Capstone Study Data  

SciTech Connect

Depleted uranium (DU) intake rates and subsequent dose rates were estimated for personnel entering armored combat vehicles perforated with DU penetrators (level II and level III personnel) using data generated during the Capstone Depleted Uranium (DU) Aerosol Study. Inhalation intake rates and associated dose rates were estimated from cascade impactors worn by sample recovery personnel and from cascade impactors that served as area monitors. Ingestion intake rates and associated dose rates were estimated from cotton gloves worn by sample recovery personnel and from wipe test samples from the interior of vehicles perforated with large caliber DU munitions. The mean DU inhalation intake rate for level II personnel ranged from 0.447 mg h-1 based on breathing zone monitor data (in and around a perforated vehicle) to 14.5 mg h-1 based on area monitor data (in a perforated vehicle). The mean DU ingestion intake rate for level II ranged from 4.8 mg h-1 to 38.9 mg h-1 based on the wipe test data including surface to glove transfer factors derived from the Capstone data. Based on glove contamination data, the mean DU ingestion intake rates for level II and level III personnel were 10.6 mg h-1 was and 1.78 mg h-1, respectively. Effective dose rates and peak kidney uranium concentration rates were calculated based on the intake rates. The peak kidney uranium concentration rate cannot be multiplied by the total exposure duration when multiple intakes occur because uranium will clear from the kidney between the exposures.

Szrom, Fran; Falo, Gerald A.; Lodde, Gordon M.; Parkhurst, MaryAnn; Daxon, Eric G.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Design and development of a 6 MW peak, 24 kW average power S-band klystron  

SciTech Connect

A 6 MW peak, 24 kW average power S-band Klystron is under development at CEERI, Pilani under an MoU between BARC and CEERI. The design of the klystron has been completed. The electron gun has been designed using TRAK and MAGIC codes. RF cavities have been designed using HFSS and CST Microwave Studio while the complete beam wave interaction simulation has been done using MAGIC code. The thermal design of collector and RF window has been done using ANSYS code. A Gun Collector Test Module (GCTM) was developed before making actual klystron to validate gun perveance and thermal design of collector. A high voltage solid state pulsed modulator has been installed for performance valuation of the tube. The paper will cover the design aspects of the tube and experimental test results of GCTM and klystron. (author)

Joshi, L.M.; Meena, Rakesh; Nangru, Subhash; Kant, Deepender; Pal, Debashis; Lamba, O.S.; Jindal, Vishnu; Jangid, Sushil Kumar, E-mail: joslm@rediffmail.com [Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Pilani (India); Chakravarthy, D.P.; Dixit, Kavita [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Peak Effect and the Phase Diagram of Moving Vortices in FexNi1-xZr2 Superconducting Glasses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the mixed state of type II superconductors, vortices penetrate the sample and form a correlated system due to the screening of supercurrents around them. Interestingly, we can study this correlated system as a function of density and driving force. The density, for instance, is controlled by the magnetic field B, whereas a current density j acts as a driving force F=j×B on all vortices. To minimize the pinning strength, we study a superconducting glass in which the depinning current is 10 to 1000 times smaller than in previous studies, which enables us to map out the complete phase diagram in this new regime. The diagram is obtained as a function of B, driving current, and temperature, and leads to a remarkable set of new results, which includes a huge peak effect, an additional reentrant depinning phase, and a driving force induced pinning phase.

M. Hilke; S. Reid; R. Gagnon; Z. Altounian

2003-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

373

Demand side management of a domestic dishwasher: Wind energy gains, financial savings and peak-time load reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ireland is currently striving to achieve an ambitious target of supplying 40% of electricity demand with renewable energy by 2020. With the vast majority of this being met by wind energy, an intermittent and non-dispatchable energy source, it is inevitable that frequent substantial curtailment will occur during times of excessive generation. This paper investigates the potential for demand side management to limit the requirement for curtailment and further facilitate the integration of renewable energy by shifting the timing of electrical demand in response to various signals including pricing and wind availability. Using a domestic dishwasher as an example, significant increases in the amount of renewable electricity consumed are demonstrated with simultaneous financial savings for the consumer. Furthermore, secondary benefits such as peak-time demand reductions in excess of 60% are observed. The impact of employing demand side management based on imperfect day-ahead market predictions is also analysed and the resulting deficiencies are quantified.

P. Finn; M. O’Connell; C. Fitzpatrick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

The Role of Fission in Neutron Star Mergers and the Position of the Third r-Process Peak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The comparison between observational abundance features and those obtained from nucleosynthesis predictions of stellar evolution and/or explosion simulations can scrutinize two aspects: (a) the conditions in the astrophysical production site and (b) the quality of the nuclear physics input utilized. Here we test the abundance features of r-process nucleosynthesis calculations for the dynamical ejecta of neutron star merger simulations based on three different nuclear mass models: The Finite Range Droplet Model (FRDM), the (quenched version of the) Extended Thomas Fermi Model with Strutinsky Integral (ETFSI-Q), and the Hartee-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) mass model. We make use of corresponding fission barrier heights and compare the impact of four different fission fragment distribution models on the final r-process abundance distribution. Furthermore, we explore the origin of a shift in the third r-process peak position in comparison with the solar r-process abundances which have been noticed in a number of merger ...

Eichler, Marius; Kelic, Alexandra; Korobkin, Oleg; Langanke, Karlheinz; Martinez-Pinedo, Gabriel; Panov, Igor V; Rauscher, Thomas; Rosswog, Stephan; Winteler, Christian; Zinner, Nikolaj T; Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Relationship between low-temperature boson heat capacity peak and high-temperature shear modulus relaxation in a metallic glass  

SciTech Connect

Low-temperature (2 K{<=}T{<=}350 K) heat capacity and room-temperature shear modulus measurements ({nu}=1.4 MHz) have been performed on bulk Pd{sub 41.25}Cu{sub 41.25}P{sub 17.5} in the initial glassy, relaxed glassy, and crystallized states. It has been found that the height of the low-temperature Boson heat capacity peak strongly correlates with the changes in the shear modulus upon high-temperature annealing. It is this behavior that was earlier predicted by the interstitialcy theory, according to which dumbbell interstitialcy defects are responsible for a number of thermodynamic and kinetic properties of crystalline, (supercooled) liquid, and solid glassy states.

Vasiliev, A. N.; Voloshok, T. N. [Department of Low Temperature Physics and Superconductivity, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Granato, A. V.; Joncich, D. M. [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Greet Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Mitrofanov, Yu. P. [Department of General Physics, Voronezh State Pedagogical University, 86 Lenin Street, Voronezh 394043 (Russian Federation); Khonik, V. A. [Department of General Physics, Voronezh State Pedagogical University, 86 Lenin Street, Voronezh 394043 (Russian Federation); Research Center, Voronezh State University, Universitetskaya Sq. 1, 394006 Voronezh (Russian Federation)

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

NRELs Energy-Saving Technology for Air Conditioning Cuts Peak Power Loads Without Using Harmful Refrigerants (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DEVAP Slashes Peak Power Loads DEVAP Slashes Peak Power Loads Desiccant-enhanced evaporative (DEVAP) air-condi- tioning will provide superior comfort for commercial buildings in any climate at a small fraction of the elec- tricity costs of conventional air-conditioning equip- ment, releasing far less carbon dioxide and cutting costly peak electrical demand by an estimated 80%. Air conditioning currently consumes about 15% of the electricity generated in the United States and is a major contributor to peak electrical demand on hot summer days, which can lead to escalating power costs, brownouts, and rolling blackouts. DEVAP employs an innovative combination of air-cooling technologies to reduce energy use by up to 81%. DEVAP also shifts most of the energy needs to thermal energy sources, reducing annual electricity use by up

377

Eye-safe single-frequency single-mode polarized all-fiber pulsed laser with peak power of 361??W  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An all-fiber, single-frequency, single-mode linearly polarized, high peak power pulsed laser at 1540 nm for coherent Doppler wind lidar is demonstrated. A narrow-linewidth seed...

Zhang, Xin; Diao, Weifeng; Liu, Yuan; Zhu, Xiaopeng; Yang, Yan; Liu, Jiqiao; Hou, Xia; Chen, Weibiao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Generation of 150??W average and 1??MW peak power picosecond pulses from a rod-type fiber master oscillator power amplifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the direct amplification of picosecond pulses to megawatt peak power and 150 W average power using a Yb-doped rod-type fiber master oscillator power amplifier....

Zhao, Zhi; Dunham, Bruce M; Wise, Frank W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Verktyg för lönsamhetsberäkningar vid bränslekonvertering av spetslastpannor från olja till pellets; Tool for estimating the profitability of converting a peak-load oil-fired boiler to pellets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This report summarizes the development of a calculation program estimating the profitability of converting a peak-load oil-fired boiler to pellets. To convert an oil-fired… (more)

Sorby, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Analysis of the UHV Tie Line Active Power Peak Value of Weak Interconnected Grids Following Power Shortage Disturbance in China Power System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An ultra high voltage (UHV) AC tie line that connects North China ... peak value of active power oscillation of the UHV AC tie line following power shortage disturbance. ... The typical process of the oscillation...

Feng Hong; Jinfu Chen; Xianzhong Duan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Cha-paa-qn Peak, September 2008 This weekend (Sep. 13), we hiked up to Cha-paa-qn (formerly known as Squaw)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cha-paa-qn Peak, September 2008 This weekend (Sep. 13), we hiked up to Cha-paa-qn (formerly known;Cha-paa-qn with snow from the Frenchtown area. We had no snow on our hike. #12;

Bardsley, John

382

Adsorption-induced surface core-level shifts of Pt(110)  

SciTech Connect

A detailed investigation of surface- and adsorbate-induced binding-energy shifts of the Pt 4f core level has been carried out using photoemission with synchrotron radiation. Spectra recorded from the clean Pt(110)-(1 x 2) surface show a single surface peak shifted by -0.46 eV relative to the bulk peak. This result is discussed in light of recent structural studies of the reconstructed Pt(110) surface. Adsorption of H, atomic and molecular oxygen, and CO reveal two surface-atom contributions, whose origins are discussed. In some cases the second peak is believed to arise from former bulk atoms that are influenced by the adsorbate. The main adsorption-induced shifts correlate with thermodynamic data in the framework of a Born-Haber cycle. The shifts cannot be directly rationalized in terms of a charge transfer between the adsorbate and the Pt surface atoms.

Dueckers, K.; Prince, K.C.; Bonzel, H.P.; Chab, V.; Horn, K.

1987-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Enhancing cross-peak intensity in 2D-SLF spectroscopy – The role of equilibrium carbon magnetization in cross-polarization experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modification to the standard Hartmann–Hahn cross-polarization experiment has been proposed in which the initial 90° pulses are applied both on the I and S spins. The inclusion of the available equilibrium polarization in the static magnetic field for the S spins is shown to have a beneficial effect for the 2D-SLF experiment, contributing to an increase in the cross-peak intensity and hence to a better resolution of the dipolar cross-peaks.

Bibhuti B. Das; T.G. Ajithkumar; K.V. Ramanathan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Sea Level Rise Media Release  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea Level Rise Media Release Coverage Report 07/06/2009 Melting Ice Could Lead to Massive Waves 06/11/2009 Rising sea levels could see U.S. Atlantic coast cities make hard choices; Where to let Baltimore Chronicle & Sentinel, The 06/08/2009 Rapid rise in sea levels on East Coast predicted Pittsburgh

Hu, Aixue

385

Both Distillate Supply and Demand Reached Extraordinary Levels This Winter  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: This chart shows some critical differences in distillate supply and demand during this winter heating season, in comparison to the past two winters. Typically, distillate demand peaks during the winter months, but "new supply" (refinery production and net imports) cannot increase as much, so the remaining supply needed is drawn from inventories. This pattern is evident in each of the past two winter heating seasons. This winter, however, the pattern was very different, for several reasons: With inventories entering the season at extremely low levels, a "typical" winter stockdraw would have been nearly impossible, particularly in the Northeast, the region most dependent on heating oil. Demand reached near-record levels in December, as colder-than-normal

386

Maximum Photovoltaic Penetration Levels on Typical Distribution Feeders: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents simulation results for a taxonomy of typical distribution feeders with various levels of photovoltaic (PV) penetration. For each of the 16 feeders simulated, the maximum PV penetration that did not result in steady-state voltage or current violation is presented for several PV location scenarios: clustered near the feeder source, clustered near the midpoint of the feeder, clustered near the end of the feeder, randomly located, and evenly distributed. In addition, the maximum level of PV is presented for single, large PV systems at each location. Maximum PV penetration was determined by requiring that feeder voltages stay within ANSI Range A and that feeder currents stay within the ranges determined by overcurrent protection devices. Simulations were run in GridLAB-D using hourly time steps over a year with randomized load profiles based on utility data and typical meteorological year weather data. For 86% of the cases simulated, maximum PV penetration was at least 30% of peak load.

Hoke, A.; Butler, R.; Hambrick, J.; Kroposki, B.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Community Energy: Analysis of Hydrogen Distributed Energy Systems with Photovoltaics for Load Leveling and Vehicle Refueling  

SciTech Connect

Energy storage could complement PV electricity generation at the community level. Because PV generation is intermittent, strategies must be implemented to integrate it into the electricity system. Hydrogen and fuel cell technologies offer possible PV integration strategies, including the community-level approaches analyzed in this report: (1) using hydrogen production, storage, and reconversion to electricity to level PV generation and grid loads (reconversion scenario); (2) using hydrogen production and storage to capture peak PV generation and refuel hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) (hydrogen fueling scenario); and (3) a comparison scenario using a battery system to store electricity for EV nighttime charging (electric charging scenario).

Steward, D.; Zuboy, J.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Zero-Quantum filtered Perfect NOESY: Enhanced sensitivity for NOE cross peaks perturbed by Zero Quantum artefacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolution of homonuclear J-coupling during t1 period creates Zero Quantum artefacts which seriously degrade the performance of 2D NOESY. In our previous work [28], it is demonstrated that creation of such artefacts can be prevented by incorporation of a perfect echo based broadband homo-nuclear decoupling technique during t1 period that also allows chemical shift encoding. However, such experiments have limited F1 resolution as the perfect echo based decoupling remains efficient for interpulse delay 2{\\tau} (=t1) short compared to 1/J. A solution to this problem is provided in the present work where we show that even a partial decoupling effect of a perfect echo block for extended t1 period close to 1/2J greatly suppress the build up of antiphase content and thereby enhances the sensitivity of corresponding NOE cross peaks. The partial decoupling do lead to generation of partial ZQ coherence which is further eliminated by application of a ZQ filter.

Bikash Baishyaa

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

389

The Role of Fission in Neutron Star Mergers and the Position of the Third r-Process Peak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The comparison between observational abundance features and those obtained from nucleosynthesis predictions of stellar evolution and/or explosion simulations can scrutinize two aspects: (a) the conditions in the astrophysical production site and (b) the quality of the nuclear physics input utilized. Here we test the abundance features of r-process nucleosynthesis calculations for the dynamical ejecta of neutron star merger simulations based on three different nuclear mass models: The Finite Range Droplet Model (FRDM), the (quenched version of the) Extended Thomas Fermi Model with Strutinsky Integral (ETFSI-Q), and the Hartee-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) mass model. We make use of corresponding fission barrier heights and compare the impact of four different fission fragment distribution models on the final r-process abundance distribution. Furthermore, we explore the origin of a shift in the third r-process peak position in comparison with the solar r-process abundances which have been noticed in a number of merger nucleosynthesis predictions. We show that this shift occurs during the r-process freeze-out when neutron captures and beta-decays compete and an (n,g)-(g,n) equilibrium is not maintained anymore. During this phase neutrons originate mainly from fission of material above A = 240. We also demonstrate that a faster (and thus earlier) release of these neutrons, e.g., by shorter beta-decay half-lives of nuclei with Z > 80, as suggested by recent theoretical advances, can partially prevent this shift.

Marius Eichler; Almudena Arcones; Alexandra Kelic; Oleg Korobkin; Karlheinz Langanke; Gabriel Martinez-Pinedo; Igor V. Panov; Thomas Rauscher; Stephan Rosswog; Christian Winteler; Nikolaj T. Zinner; Friedrich-Karl Thielemann

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

390

Vibrational dynamics of permanently densified GeO{sub 2} glasses: Densification-induced changes in the boson peak  

SciTech Connect

Vitreous GeO{sub 2}, one of the main prototypes of strong glasses, was densified at several pressures up to 6 GPa, achieving more than 20% of densification. The density dependence of the vibrational density of states and of the low temperature properties of these glasses was investigated by means of inelastic neutron scattering and calorimetric measurements. With increasing density, both the boson peak and the bump in c{sub p}/T{sup 3} versus T plot exhibit variations which are stronger than the elastic medium expectation. If one reduces the measured spectra to a common master curve, one finds that this is only possible for the densified samples; the first densification step has an additional effect, similar to other cases in the literature. Nevertheless, the existence of a master curve for the three densified samples proves that the total number of excess modes remains constant on further densification. The experimental data are discussed in the framework of different theoretical models.

Orsingher, L.; Fontana, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Trento, I-38050 Povo Trento (Italy); Research center SOFT-INFM-CNR, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', I-00185 Roma (Italy); Gilioli, E. [IMEM-CNR, Area delle Scienze, 43010 Parma (Italy); Carini, G. Jr.; Carini, G.; Tripodo, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Messina, Salita Sperone 31, 98166 S. Agata (Montenegro) (Italy); Unruh, T. [Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz-Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II), Technische Universitaet Muenchen, 85747 Garching (Germany); Buchenau, U. [Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Forschungszentrum Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany)

2010-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

391

Ambient noise levels and reverberation times in Mississippi school rooms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nine elementary school classrooms at three Mississippi public schools were selected at random for noise and reverberation time measures to monitor voluntary compliance with ANSI standard S12.60-2002 (Acoustical Performance Criteria Design Requirements and Guidelines for Schools). One-hour equivalent dBA noise levels and reverberation times (T60) were measured with SpectraPLUS Version 5.0 software. Measures were taken on separate days at each school in unoccupied classrooms with the HVAC system operating. For ambient noise measures an Audix TR40 omnidirectional microphone was placed in a 12 inch stand on a student's desk near the middle of the room and oriented toward the teacher's desk at a 45 degree angle. For the reverberation time measure a 400 watt loudspeaker (Yamaha BR15M) was placed on the teacher's desk about 3 meters from the microphone. Results showed that noise levels varied from 28 dBA to 51 dBA with broad spectra containing peaks at 120 Hz and harmonics. Five of nine classrooms had noise levels that exceeded the ANSI recommended level of 35 dBA. Reverberation times varied from .21 to .62 seconds; only one classroom exceeded the recommended minimal reverberation time of .6 seconds. Acoustical modifications to reduce noise levels and reverberation times will be addressed.

Edward L. Goshorn; Brett E. Kemker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Ambient noise levels and reverberation times in Mississippi school rooms.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nine elementary schoolclassrooms at three Mississippi public schools were selected at random for noise and reverberation time measures to monitor voluntary compliance with ANSI standard S12.60?2002 (Acoustical Performance Criteria Design Requirements and Guidelines for Schools). 1?h equivalent dBAnoise levels and reverberation times (T60) were measured with SPECTRAPLUS Version 5.0 software.Measures were taken on separate days at each school in unoccupied classrooms with the HVAC system operating. For ambient noisemeasures an Audix TR40 omnidirectional microphone was placed in a 12 in. stand on a student’s desk near the middle of the room and oriented toward the teacher’s desk at a 45 deg angle. For the reverberation time measure a 400 W loudspeaker (Yamaha BR15M) was placed on the teacher’s desk about 3 m from the microphone. Results showed that noise levels varied from 28 to 51 dBA with broad spectra containing peaks at 120 Hz and harmonics. Five of nine classrooms had noise levels that exceeded the ANSI recommended level of 35 dBA. Reverberation times varied from 0.21 to 0.62 s; only one classroom exceeded the recommended minimal reverberation time of 0.6 s. Acoustical modifications to reduce noise levels and reverberation times will be addressed.

Edward L. Goshorn; Megan N. Lucus; Brett E. Kemker

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The Spectral Variability of the GHz-Peaked Spectrum Radio Source PKS 1718-649 and a Comparison of Absorption Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the new wideband capabilities of the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA), we obtain spectra for PKS 1718-649, a well-known gigahertz-peaked spectrum radio source. The observations, between approximately 1 and 10 GHz over three epochs spanning approximately 21 months, reveal variability both above the spectral peak at ~3 GHz and below the peak. The combination of the low and high frequency variability cannot be easily explained using a single absorption mechanism, such as free-free absorption or synchrotron self-absorption. We find that the PKS 1718-649 spectrum and its variability are best explained by variations in the free-free optical depth on our line-of-sight to the radio source at low frequencies (below the spectral peak) and the adiabatic expansion of the radio source itself at high frequencies (above the spectral peak). The optical depth variations are found to be plausible when X-ray continuum absorption variability seen in samples of Active Galactic Nuclei is considered. We find that the ...

Tingay, S J; Collier, J D; Rees, G; Callingham, J R; Stevens, J; Carretti, E; Wayth, R B; Wong, G F; Trott, C M; McKinley, B; Bernardi, G; Bowman, J D; Briggs, F; Cappallo, R J; Corey, B E; Deshpande, A A; Emrich, D; Gaensler, B M; Goeke, R; Greenhill, L J; Hazelton, B J; Johnston-Hollitt, M; Kaplan, D L; Kasper, J C; Kratzenberg, E; Lonsdale, C J; Lynch, M J; McWhirter, S R; Mitchell, D A; Morales, M F; Morgan, E; Oberoi, D; Ord, S M; Prabu, T; Rogers, A E E; Roshi, A; Shankar, N Udaya; Srivani, K S; Subrahmanyan, R; Waterson, M; Webster, R L; Whitney, A R; Williams, A; Williams, C L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

sea level | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

sea level sea level Dataset Summary Description This dataset, made available by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), shows sea level rise for the period as early as 1834 through 2008 for the following UK sites: Aberdeen, Liverpool, Newlyn, North Shields, and Sheerness. Data is from the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory. Earliest year of available data varies by site, beginning between 1834 and 1916. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 12th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate change sea level UK Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 1 Excel file: Sea level rise (UK) (xls, 280.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment (Does not have "National Statistics" status)

395

Curriculum Statement for Graduate Level (Third Level) Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an application to the head of the Department of Information Technology. Positions within the third level and Technology (Board for Third-level Education) on 2012-01-23. Translation approved: 2012-01-23. The Curriculum, covering at least 90 higher education credits. Persons who have acquired corresponding knowledge outside

Flener, Pierre

396

Refining Estimates of Polar Ice Volumes during the MIS11 Interglacial Using Sea Level Records from South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peak eustatic sea level (ESL), or minimum ice volume, during the protracted marine isotope stage 11 (MIS11) interglacial at ~420 ka remains a matter of contention. A recent study of high-stand markers of MIS11 age from the tectonically stable ...

Florence Chen; Sarah Friedman; Charles G. Gertler; James Looney; Nizhoni O’Connell; Katie Sierks; Jerry X. Mitrovica

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Quasi-bound levels, transmission and resonant tunneling in heterostructures with double and multi rectangular, trapezoidal, triangular barriers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work quasi-bound level energies, energy dependence of the transmission coefficients and negative differential resistance properties are studied in double and multi-barrier structures. Various barrier types such as rectangular, trapezoidal and ... Keywords: Double-barrier structures, Peak to valley ratio, Resonant tunneling diodes, Trapezoidal barrier, Triangular barrier

F. Nutku

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

ALIGNMENT, LEVELING AND DEPLOYMENT CONSTRAINTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Crew Deployment Description Passive Seismic Experiment (PSE) Crew Deployment and Alignment Central Station Antenna Crew Deployment Description Leveling, Alignment, and Pointing Radioisotope

Rathbun, Julie A.

399

Mid-Level Ethanol Blends  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Test Program DOE, NREL, and ORNL Team Presented by Keith Knoll Work supported by DOEEERE Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

400

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;"...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

402

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

403

Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile … High-Performance with Solar Electric Reduced Peak Demand: Premier Homes Rancho Cordoba, CA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

95 homes in Premier Gardens are 95 homes in Premier Gardens are equipped with photovoltaic panels that take advantage of solar energy to offset peak power loads during the hottest part of the day. As the housing market continues to evolve toward zero net-energy ready homes, Building America research has provided essential guidance for integrating renewable energy systems with high-performance homes and showing how they align with utility peak-demand reduction interests. Solar photovoltaic technology is an attractive option for utilities because they can reduce reliance on fossil-fuel energy. More significantly, it reduces peak demand because systems produce the most power on sunny summer afternoons coincident with the highest demand for air conditioning. Photovoltaic systems have been a part of several research projects conducted by

404

Subwavelength atom localization via quantum coherence in a three-level atomic system  

SciTech Connect

We propose a three-level atomic system where quantum coherence is generated by a classical standing-wave field coupled to the two upper excited decaying levels. Quantum coherence results in cancellation of the spontaneously emitted spectral lines depending on the choice of the phase of the standing wave. We exploit this phenomenon for precision measurement of the atomic position in the standing wave. Measurement of the conditional position probability distribution shows one to eight peaks per unit wavelength of the standing wave. Only one controllable parameter, that is, the phase of the driving standing wave, is enough to control these atomic positions. Along with the other results, the result of obtaining a single peak is remarkable as it enhances the efficiency of our system by a factor of 8.

Ghafoor, Fazal [Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Probability of sea level rise  

SciTech Connect

The report develops probability-based projections that can be added to local tide-gage trends to estimate future sea level at particular locations. It uses the same models employed by previous assessments of sea level rise. The key coefficients in those models are based on subjective probability distributions supplied by a cross-section of climatologists, oceanographers, and glaciologists.

Titus, J.G.; Narayanan, V.K.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Distortionless optical pulse propagation in a three-level medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on computer-generated solutions to the coupled matter-field equations which provide the first evidence for distortionless optical pulse propagation in an absorbing medium of three-level atoms. The associated phenomenon represents the three-level equivalent of self-induced transparency in two-level atoms. Results have application to the propagation of short, coherent optical pulses in a medium in which the atoms have two distinct transition frequencies in near resonance with the pulse carrier frequency. We relate in particular to the case of pulse propagation in a magnetically perturbed sodium vapor where the pulse carrier frequency is tuned near the frequencies of the well-known sodium D lines. Here we obtain particular solutions corresponding to three and five peak pulses with "areas" of approximately 6? and 10?, respectively. The solutions are strongly supported by a number of analytical results. In particular, simple algebraic relations are found which give the populations of the levels in terms of the field variables.

J. Higginbotham; R. T. Deck; D. G. Ellis

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

The {ital b} Distribution and the Velocity Structure of Absorption Peaks in the Ly{alpha} Forest  

SciTech Connect

A theory is developed that relates the observed {ital b} parameter of a Ly{alpha} absorption line to the velocity curvature of the corresponding peak in the optical depth fluctuation. Its relation to the traditional interpretation of {ital b} as the thermal broadening width is discussed. It is demonstrated that, independent of the details of the cosmological model, the differential {ital b} distribution has a high-{ital b} asymptote of dN/db{proportional_to}b{sup {minus}m}, where m{ge}5, when we make the reasonable assumption that low-curvature fluctuations are statistically favored over high-curvature ones. There in general always exist lines much broader than the thermal width. We develop a linear perturbative analysis of the optical depth fluctuation, which yields a single-parameter prediction for the full {ital b} distribution. In addition to exhibiting the high-velocity tail, it qualitatively explains the observed sharp low-{ital b} cutoff{emdash}a simple reflection of the fact that high-curvature fluctuations are relatively rare. Although the existence of the high-{ital b} asymptote, which is independent of the validity of the linear expansion, is consistent with the observed {ital b} distribution, a detailed comparison of the linear prediction with six observational data sets indicates that higher order corrections are not negligible. The perturbative analysis nonetheless offers valuable insights into the dependence of the {ital b} distribution on cosmological parameters such as {Omega} and the power spectrum. A key parameter is the effective smoothing scale of the optical depth fluctuation, which is in turn determined by three scales: the thermal broadening width, the baryon smoothing scale (approximately the Jeans scale), and the observation/simulation resolution. The first two are determined by reionization history, but are comparable in general, whereas the third varies by about an order of magnitude in current hydrodynamic simulations. Studies with non{endash}resolution-dominated {ital b} distributions can be used to probe the reionization history of the universe. {copyright} {ital {copyright} 1999.} {ital The American Astronomical Society}

Hui, L. [NASA/Fermilab Astrophysics Center, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States)] [NASA/Fermilab Astrophysics Center, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Rutledge, R.E. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1603, D-85740 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1603, D-85740 Garching (Germany)

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The [ital b] Distribution and the Velocity Structure of Absorption Peaks in the Ly[alpha] Forest  

SciTech Connect

A theory is developed that relates the observed [ital b] parameter of a Ly[alpha] absorption line to the velocity curvature of the corresponding peak in the optical depth fluctuation. Its relation to the traditional interpretation of [ital b] as the thermal broadening width is discussed. It is demonstrated that, independent of the details of the cosmological model, the differential [ital b] distribution has a high-[ital b] asymptote of dN/db[proportional to]b[sup [minus]m], where m[ge]5, when we make the reasonable assumption that low-curvature fluctuations are statistically favored over high-curvature ones. There in general always exist lines much broader than the thermal width. We develop a linear perturbative analysis of the optical depth fluctuation, which yields a single-parameter prediction for the full [ital b] distribution. In addition to exhibiting the high-velocity tail, it qualitatively explains the observed sharp low-[ital b] cutoff[emdash]a simple reflection of the fact that high-curvature fluctuations are relatively rare. Although the existence of the high-[ital b] asymptote, which is independent of the validity of the linear expansion, is consistent with the observed [ital b] distribution, a detailed comparison of the linear prediction with six observational data sets indicates that higher order corrections are not negligible. The perturbative analysis nonetheless offers valuable insights into the dependence of the [ital b] distribution on cosmological parameters such as [Omega] and the power spectrum. A key parameter is the effective smoothing scale of the optical depth fluctuation, which is in turn determined by three scales: the thermal broadening width, the baryon smoothing scale (approximately the Jeans scale), and the observation/simulation resolution. The first two are determined by reionization history, but are comparable in general, whereas the third varies by about an order of magnitude in current hydrodynamic simulations. Studies with non[endash]resolution-dominated [ital b] distributions can be used to probe the reionization history of the universe. [copyright] [ital [copyright] 1999.] [ital The American Astronomical Society

Hui, L. (NASA/Fermilab Astrophysics Center, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States)); Rutledge, R.E. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1603, D-85740 Garching (Germany))

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Spacings of Nuclear Energy Levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The distribution of spacings of nuclear energy levels in many heavy nuclei at an excitation energy of 5 to 9 Mev is obtained by careful correction of the observed distributions for the effect of failure to observe all levels. Results of transmission measurements on U234 and U236, as measured with the Brookhaven fast chopper, are presented. The experimental spacings of the zero-spin nuclides are considered first since all the levels from slow neutron capture have the same spin. The results show a deficiency of small spacings relative to the exponential distribution, which corresponds to a random occurrence of levels. In the analysis it is shown that there is no local correlation of neutron widths and level spacings. The "level repulsion" effect is also found for the nuclides of nonzero spin, for which the data are more abundant but the analysis is complicated by the presence of two spin systems. The distribution obtained is in agreement with one suggested by Wigner based on a probability of level occurrence proportional to the spacing S. The corrections here developed are also applied to the reduced neutron width distribution and this corrected distribution is in good agreement with the Porter-Thomas distribution.

John A. Harvey and D. J. Hughes

1958-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Point 6 and Murphy Peak, September 2009 Last October, I led a group of Finnish friends, together with Alex, on a hike up  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Point 6 and Murphy Peak, September 2009 Last October, I led a group of Finnish friends, together the summit of Point 6 (1 hour 40 minutes in) that you feel you're in wilderness, and that only lasts knees ache a bit, and I'm praying for some more Indian summer so that I can get into the high country

Bardsley, John

411

Using energy audits to investigate the impacts of common air-conditioning design and installation issues on peak power demand and energy consumption in Austin, Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents an analysis of a unique dataset of 4971 energy audits performed on homes in Austin, Texas in 2009–2010. We quantify the prevalence of typical air-conditioner design and installation issues such as low efficiency, oversizing, duct leakage, and low measured capacity, and estimate the impacts that resolving these issues would have on peak power demand and cooling energy consumption. We estimate that air-conditioner use in single-family residences currently accounts for 17–18% of peak demand in Austin, and we found that improving equipment efficiency alone could save up to 205 MW, or 8%, of peak demand. We estimate that 31% of systems in this study were oversized, leading to up to 41 MW of excess peak demand. Replacing oversized systems with correctly sized higher efficiency units has the potential for further savings of up to 81 MW. We estimate that the mean system could achieve 18% and 20% in cooling energy savings by sealing duct leaks and servicing their air-conditioning units to achieve 100% of nominal capacity, respectively. Although this analysis is limited to the City of Austin, understanding the methods described herein could allow electric utilities in similar climates to make better-informed decisions when considering efficiency improvement programs.

Joshua D. Rhodes; Brent Stephens; Michael E. Webber

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 160, 2003, pp. 555564. Printed in Great Britain. Late Precambrian UPb titanite age for peak regional metamorphism and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 555 Late Precambrian U­Pb titanite age for peak regional metamorphism and deformation (Knoydartian spectrometry) of titanite from a calc- silicate pod in the Moine (Morar Group) of the western Highlands gives an age of 737 � 5 Ma. The titanite grew from Fe­Ti-bearing detrital minerals during the main progressive

Laughlin, Robert B.

413

An evaluation of commercial IBM PC software for the analysis of low-level environmental gamma-ray spectra  

SciTech Connect

A comparative evaluation of seven commercial gamma-ray analysis software packages, written for the IBM PC, was performed. Four software packages were supplied by US nuclear instrument manufacturers. A fifth package was supplied by a French nuclear instrument manufacturer. Two additional packages were supplied by software companies in the United States and Finland. For this evaluation emphasis was given to accuracy, peak detection, noise and phantom peak rejection for low level environmental sample analysis. System requirements, nuclide identification, ease of operation and other optional utilities were also considered. Of the seven software packages evaluated, two contained the most desirable features required for environmental applications. 9 tabs.

Sanderson, C.G. (International Atomic Energy Agency (Monaco))

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Notice: Ongoing analysis of imports data to the Energy Information Administration reveals that some imports are not correctly reported on Form EIA-814 "Monthly Imports Report". Contact with the companies provides sufficient information for EIA to include these imports in the data even though they have not provided complete reports on Form EIA-814. Estimates are included in aggregate data, but the estimates are not included in the file of Company-Level Imports. Therefore, summation of volumes for PAD Districts 1-5 from the Company-Level Imports will not equal aggregate import totals. Explanation of Codes Used in Imports Database Files SURVEY_ID EIA-814 Survey Form Number for Collecting Petroleum Import Statistics

415

High-Level Waste Requirements  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The guide provides the criteria for determining which DOE radioactive wastes are to be managed as high-level waste in accordance with DOE M 435.1-1.

1999-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

416

Wafer-Level Thermocompression Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermocompression bonding of gold is a promising technique for achieving low temperature, wafer-level bonding without the application of an electric field or complicated pre-bond cleaning procedure. The presence of a ductile ...

Tsau, Christine H.

417

Regional Sea-Level Projection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to inform such decisions. Earth system models used in the last Intergovermental...than twice) than do current Earth system models (fig. S1). Is this discrepancy...project future sea-level rise? Earth system models have significant uncertainties...

Josh K. Willis; John A. Church

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

418

Low Level Heat Recovery Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

level heat recovery technology. This paper discusses heat distribution systems, latest developments in absorption refrigeration and organic Rankine cycles, and pressure, minimization possibilities. The relative merits and economics of the various...

O'Brien, W. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

GAMMA-RAY LOUDNESS, SYNCHROTRON PEAK FREQUENCY, AND PARSEC-SCALE PROPERTIES OF BLAZARS DETECTED BY THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE  

SciTech Connect

The parsec-scale radio properties of 232 active galactic nuclei, most of which are blazars, detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope have been observed contemporaneously by the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) at 5 GHz. Data from both the first 11 months (1FGL) and the first 2 years (2FGL) of the Fermi mission were used to investigate these sources' {gamma}-ray properties. We use the ratio of the {gamma}-ray-to-radio luminosity as a measure of {gamma}-ray loudness. We investigate the relationship of several radio properties to {gamma}-ray loudness and to the synchrotron peak frequency. There is a tentative correlation between {gamma}-ray loudness and synchrotron peak frequency for BL Lac objects in both 1FGL and 2FGL, and for flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) in 2FGL. We find that the apparent opening angle tentatively correlates with {gamma}-ray loudness for FSRQs, but only when we use the 2FGL data. We also find that the total VLBA flux density correlates with the synchrotron peak frequency for BL Lac objects and FSRQs. The core brightness temperature also correlates with synchrotron peak frequency, but only for the BL Lac objects. The low-synchrotron-peaked (LSP) BL Lac object sample shows indications of contamination by FSRQs which happen to have undetectable emission lines. There is evidence that the LSP BL Lac objects are more strongly beamed than the rest of the BL Lac object population.

Linford, J. D.; Taylor, G. B.; Schinzel, F. K., E-mail: jlinford@unm.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, MSC07 4220, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

420

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the relationship between energy efficiency and demand response and discusses approaches and barriers to coordinating energy efficiency and demand response. The paper is intended to support the 10 implementation goals of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency's Vision to achieve all cost-effective energy efficiency by 2025. Improving energy efficiency in our homes, businesses, schools, governments, and industries - which consume more than 70 percent of the nation's natural gas and electricity - is one of the most constructive, cost-effective ways to address the challenges of high energy prices, energy security and independence, air pollution, and global climate change. While energy efficiency is an increasingly prominent component of efforts to supply affordable, reliable, secure, and clean electric power, demand response is becoming a valuable tool in utility and regional resource plans. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) estimated the contribution from existing U.S. demand response resources at about 41,000 megawatts (MW), about 5.8 percent of 2008 summer peak demand (FERC, 2008). Moreover, FERC recently estimated nationwide achievable demand response potential at 138,000 MW (14 percent of peak demand) by 2019 (FERC, 2009).2 A recent Electric Power Research Institute study estimates that 'the combination of demand response and energy efficiency programs has the potential to reduce non-coincident summer peak demand by 157 GW' by 2030, or 14-20 percent below projected levels (EPRI, 2009a). This paper supports the Action Plan's effort to coordinate energy efficiency and demand response programs to maximize value to customers. For information on the full suite of policy and programmatic options for removing barriers to energy efficiency, see the Vision for 2025 and the various other Action Plan papers and guides available at www.epa.gov/eeactionplan.

Goldman, Charles; Reid, Michael; Levy, Roger; Silverstein, Alison

2010-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Curriculum Statement for Graduate Level (Third Level) Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an application to the head of the Department of Information Technology. Admissions to places in third level Science or courses in areas relevant to Embedded Systems, covering at least 90 higher education credits. Of these, at least 15 higher education credits must be within courses close to the area of Embedded Systems

Flener, Pierre

422

Quasi-elastic peak lineshapes in adsorbate diffusion on nearly flat surfaces at low coverages: the motional narrowing effect in Xe on Pt(111)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quasi-elastic helium atom scattering measurements have provided clear evidence for a two-dimensional free gas of Xe atoms on Pt(111) at low coverages. Increasing the friction due to the surface, a gradual change of the shape of the quasi-elastic peak is predicted and analyzed for this system in terms of the so-called motional narrowing effect. The type of analysis presented here for the quasi-elastic peak should be prior to any deconvolution procedure carried out in order to better extract information from the process, e.g. diffusion coefficients and jump distributions. Moreover, this analysis also provides conditions for the free gas regime different than those reported earlier.

R. Martinez-Casado; J. L. Vega; A. S. Sanz; S. Miret-Artes

2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

423

Peak divergence in the curve of magnetoelectric coefficient versus dc bias magnetic field at resonance region for bi-layer magnetostrictive/piezoelectric composites  

SciTech Connect

Magnetoelectric (ME) coefficient dependence on the bias magnetic field at resonance frequencies for the bi-layered bonded Terfenol-D/Pb(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} composite was investigated. The resonance frequency decreases first and then increases with the bias magnetic field (H{sub DC}), showing a “V” shape in the range of 0 ? 5 kOe. Below the resonance frequency, the pattern of ME coefficient dependence on the H{sub DC} shows a single peak, but splits into a double-peak pattern when the testing frequency increases into a certain region. With increasing the frequency, a divergent evolution of the H{sub DC} patterns was observed. Domain motion and ?E effect combined with magnetostriction-piezoelectric coupling effect were employed to explain this experimental result.

Zuo, Z. J.; Pan, D. A., E-mail: pandean@mater.ustb.edu.cn; Zhang, S. G.; Qiao, L. J. [Institute of Advanced Materials and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China)] [Institute of Advanced Materials and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Jia, Y. M. [Department of Physics, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, Zhejiang Province (China)] [Department of Physics, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, Zhejiang Province (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

High Peak-to-Valley Current Ratio GaAs/InGaAs/InAs Double Stepped Quantum Well Resonant Interband Tunneling Diodes at Room Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A high ratio of the peak current density to the valley current density of current-voltage characteristic is accomplished for the double stepped quantum well resonant interband tunneling diode (DSQW RITD). Results for good quantum confinement effect and long drift layer with deep quantum well GaAs/In0.59Ga0.41As/InAs DSQW RITD that has a lower valley current density of about 0.98 A/cm2 and a higher peak-to-valley current ratio (PVCR) reached 622 at room temperature than conventionally designed double quantum well resonant interband tunneling diodes (DQW RITDs) are presented. This PVCR value is also the highest value than those of the other resonant tunneling diodes.

Chih-Chin Yang; Kuang-Chih Huang; Yan-Kuin Su

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

High temperature liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A length of metal sheathed metal oxide cable is perforated to permit liquid access to the insulation about a pair of conductors spaced close to one another. Changes in resistance across the conductors will be a function of liquid level, since the wetted insulation will have greater electrical conductivity than that of the dry insulation above the liquid elevation.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Method-level bug prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Researchers proposed a wide range of approaches to build effective bug prediction models that take into account multiple aspects of the software development process. Such models achieved good prediction performance, guiding developers towards those parts ... Keywords: code metrics, fine-grained source code changes, method-level bug prediction

Emanuel Giger; Marco D'Ambros; Martin Pinzger; Harald C. Gall

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

TERRORISM AT THE PLANT LEVEL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TERRORISM AT THE PLANT LEVEL ... IN THE DAYS FOLLOWING THE Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, chemical plant officials say they have increased security through greater plant surveillance, more guards, intense vehicle inspections, and plans to better coordinate security with similar facilities, fire departments, and police. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

428

Cross- and axial-peak intensities in 2D-SLF experiments based on cross-polarization—The role of the initial density matrix  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulations and experiments on simple oriented systems have been used to estimate the relative ratio of cross-peak to axial-peak intensities in 2D-SLF experiments based on dipolar oscillations during cross-polarization (CP). The density matrix prior to dipolar evolution is considered and for an isolated spin pair, it is shown that direct calculations of the ratios match well with simulations and experimental results. Along with the standard CP pulse sequence, two other pulse sequences namely CP with polarization inversion (PI–CP) and another novel variation of the standard CP experiment (EXE-CP) reported recently have been considered. Inclusion of homonuclear dipolar coupling has been observed to increase the axial-peak intensities. In combination with Lee–Goldburg (LG) decoupling, experiments on an oriented liquid crystalline sample have been carried out and the performance of the pulse schemes have been compared. The applicability of the new pulse sequence for different samples and different nuclei is discussed. Such studies are expected to lead to a better understanding of the experiments and to the design of useful pulse sequences.

Bibhuti B. Das; T.G. Ajithkumar; Neeraj Sinha; Stanley J. Opella; K.V. Ramanathan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Noise Levels due to Trains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some fifty freight and passenger trains were investigated at distances between 25 and 1000 ft. The decrease of sound?pressure levels with increasing distance indicates that whistles are to be considered as point sources but engines and track noise are line sources out to distances comparable with the lengths of the source. All engines showed a pure tone in the region of 100 cps and freight engines a second tone at about 300 cps when pulling hard. Otherwise freight engines showed little change in level whatever the operating conditions. Noise from passenger engines showed marked changes in level since they operate with much more exaggerated changes in power than freight engines. Track noise depends on the rolling stock—freight cars and run?of?the?mill passenger cars have very similar noise spectra whereas the deluxe cars used on “prestige trains” have spectra lying 10 to 20 db lower in all frequency bands. All the cars have coil springs but the latter alone have hydraulic shock absorbers.

T. F. W. Embleton; G. J. Thiessen

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

EIA-411 Data File  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

historic data historic data Electric Reliability Historic Data Release Date: January 14, 2013 Next Release Date: January 2014 Electricity Reliability Data Shown by NERC Council and Region formats Net Energy for Load - Historic, Actual and Projected Five-Years Historic - 1990 through 2004 Historic - 2005 / 2009 2003 (with projections) 2004 (with projections) 2005 (with projections) 2006 (with projections) 2007 (with projections) 2008 (with projections) 2009 (with projections) 2010 (with projections) Noncoincident Peak Load - Historic, Actual and Projected Five-Years Historic - 1990 through 2004 Summer Winter Historic - 2005 / 2009 Summer Winter 2003 (with projections) Summer Winter 2004 (with projections) Summer Winter 2005 (with projections) Summer Winter 2006 (with projections) Summer

431

Level structure of Fr215  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of Fr215 has been studied via the Pb208 (11B, 4n?)215Fr reaction at beam energies from 45 to 66 MeV. In-beam ?-ray spectroscopy techniques, including ?-ray excitation function, x-ray-? coincidence, ?-? coincidence, ?-ray angular distribution, and ?-ray linear polarization measurements were used to construct a level scheme up to a spin value J=(41/2) at an excitation energy of 3405 keV. Definite parity assignments were made up to the (39/2)- state. The structure of this nucleus is compared with that observed in the other N=128 isotopes and predictions of shell model calculations.

M. W. Drigert; J. A. Cizewski; M. S. Rosenthal

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Determination of the bias in LOFT fuel peak cladding temperature data from the blowdown phase of large-break LOCA experiments  

SciTech Connect

Data from the Loss-of-Fluid Test (LOFT) Program help quantify the margin of safety inherent in pressurized water reactors during postulated loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs). As early as 1979, questions arose concerning the accuracy of LOFT fuel rod cladding temperature data during several large-break LOCA experiments. This report analyzes how well externally-mounted fuel rod cladding thermocouples in LOFT accurately reflected actual cladding surface temperature during large-break LOCA experiments. In particular, the validity of the apparent core-wide fuel rod cladding quench exhibited during blowdown in LOFT Experiments L2-2 and L2-3 is studied. Also addressed is the question of whether the externally-mounted thermocouples might have influenced cladding temperature. The analysis makes use of data and information from several sources, including later, similar LOFT Experiments in which fuel centerline temperature measurements were made, experiments in other facilities, and results from a detailed FRAP-T6 model of the LOFT fuel rod. The analysis shows that there can be a significant difference (referred to as bias) between the surface-mounted thermocouple reading and the actual cladding temperature, and that the magnitude of this bias depends on the rate of heat transfer between the fuel rod cladding and coolant. The results of the analysis demonstrate clearly that a core-wide cladding quench did occur in Experiments L2-2 and L2-3. Further, it is shown that, in terms of peak cladding temperature recording during LOFT large-break LOCA experiments, the mean bias is 11.4 {plus_minus} 16.2K (20.5 {plus_minus} 29.2{degrees} F). The best-estimate value of peak cladding temperature for LOFT LP-02-6 is 1,104.8 K. The best-estimate peak cladding temperature for LOFT LP-LB-1 is 1284.0 K.

Berta, V.T.; Hanson, R.G.; Johnsen, G.W.; Schultz, R.R. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Continental margin architecture : sea level and climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. , 2006. Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in theJ. , 2006. Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in theJ. , 2006. Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in the

Hill, Jenna Catherine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

CHARACTERIZING UNCERTAIN SEA LEVEL RISE PROJECTIONS TO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARACTERIZING UNCERTAIN SEA LEVEL RISE PROJECTIONS TO SUPPORT INVESTMENT DECISIONS Many institutions worldwide are considering how to include expectations about future sea level rise sea level rise in its investment plans? Such extreme events--for instance, increased storm frequency

435

A Note on "Probing the existence of the $E_{peak}$-$E_{iso}$ correlation in long Gamma Ray Bursts" by Ghirlanda et al. - astro-ph/0502186  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Nakar & Piran (2004) we have shown that a large fraction of BATSE bursts cannot satisfy the Amati relation between the isotropic energy - peak energy of GRBs. Our results have been corroborated by a further analysis carried out by Band and Preece (2005). Recently Ghirlanda et al. (2005) claimed that when the exact distribution of the scatter around the Amati relation is taken into account, the BATSE sample is consistent with the Amati relation. We show that the probability that the BATSE sample is consistent with the Amati relation (including the scattering), as found by Ghirlanda et al. (2005) for a sample of 23 bursts with known redshift, is vanishingly small.

Ehud Nakar; Tsvi Piran

2005-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

436

Statewide Electrical Energy Cost Savings and Peak Demand Reduction from the IECC Code-Compliant, Single-Family Residences in Texas (2002-2009)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

peaking plant (i.e., capacity savings), the calculated demand savings in MW were then multiplied by the average capital cost of natural gas combined cycle power plant, $1,165 per kW (Kaplan, 2008) using a 15% reserve margin (Faruqui et al. 2007... to the 2001 and 2006 IECC codes. 72?F Heating, 75?F CoolingSpace Temperature Set point (Simulation adjustment3: Heating 72F, Cooling 75F) (b) Heat Pump House: 0.904 360 0.88 kW (Simulation adjustment3: 1.095 kW) HVAC System Type (a) Electric/Gas...

Kim, H; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.

437

ARM - Lesson Plans: Estimating Local Sea Level  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lesson Plans Lesson Plans: Estimating Local Sea Level Objective The objective is to train students' skills in observing the local environment based upon the sea level...

438

Quantitative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy data using peak area step-wise regression analysis: an alternative method for interpretation of Mars science laboratory results  

SciTech Connect

The ChemCam instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) will include a laser-induced breakdown spectrometer (LIBS) to quantify major and minor elemental compositions. The traditional analytical chemistry approach to calibration curves for these data regresses a single diagnostic peak area against concentration for each element. This approach contrasts with a new multivariate method in which elemental concentrations are predicted by step-wise multiple regression analysis based on areas of a specific set of diagnostic peaks for each element. The method is tested on LIBS data from igneous and metamorphosed rocks. Between 4 and 13 partial regression coefficients are needed to describe each elemental abundance accurately (i.e., with a regression line of R{sup 2} > 0.9995 for the relationship between predicted and measured elemental concentration) for all major and minor elements studied. Validation plots suggest that the method is limited at present by the small data set, and will work best for prediction of concentration when a wide variety of compositions and rock types has been analyzed.

Clegg, Samuel M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Barefield, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wiens, Roger C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dyar, Melinda D [MT HOLYOKE COLLEGE; Schafer, Martha W [LSU; Tucker, Jonathan M [MT HOLYOKE COLLEGE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American and transoceanic routes Title Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American and transoceanic routes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Bhangar, Seema, Shannon Cowlin, Brett C. Singer, Richard G. Sextro, and William W. Nazaroff Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 42 Issue 11 Pagination 3938-43 Abstract Ozone levels in airplane cabins, and factors that influence them, were studied on northern hemisphere commercial passenger flights on domestic U.S., transatlantic, and transpacific routes. Real-time data from 76 flights were collected in 2006-2007 with a battery-powered UV photometric monitor. Sample mean ozone level, peak-hour ozone level, and flight-integrated ozone exposures were highly variable across domestic segments (N = 68), with ranges of 100 ppbv) ozone levels on domestic flights were associated with winter-spring storms that are linked to enhanced exchange between the lower stratosphere and the upper troposphere.

440

Majorana path integral for nonequilibrium dynamics of two-level systems  

SciTech Connect

We present a new field-theoretic approach to analyze nonequilibrium dynamics of two-level systems (TLS), which is based on a correspondence between a driven TLS and a Majorana fermion field theory coupled to bosonic fields. This approach allows us to calculate analytically properties of nonlinear TLS dynamics with an arbitrary accuracy. We apply our method to analyze specific TLS dynamics under a monochromatic periodic drive that is relevant to the problem of decoherence in Josephson junction qubits. It is demonstrated that the method gives the precise positions of the resonance peaks in the nonlinear dielectric response function that are in agreement with numerical simulations.

Sedrakyan, Tigran A.; Galitski, Victor M. [Condensed Matter Theory Center and Joint Quantum Institute, Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

442

Simulation levels of detail for plant motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and determine the allowable error in the simulation of branch motion. This allows us to choose the appropriate simulation level of detail and we provide smooth transitions from level to level. Our level of detail approach affects only the simulation parameters...

Beaudoin, Jacob Michael

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

443

Lecture course on Sea level variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

level rise from tide gauges "viewpoint of the solid Earth" "A tide staff" Rate is ~ 20 cm/century 7 Level rise between 1993 and 2010 by satellite ALTIMETRY Sea level is rising (by altimetry) "viewpoint of space" 1993-2010 8Friday, November 11, 2011 #12;Sea level will be rising (IPCC scenarios) Figure 11

Cerveny, Vlastislav

444

Tunisia's production peaks, exploration busy  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the oil and gas exploration industry in Tunisia which is continuing to experience an almost unprecedented boom as the effects of the favorable fiscal and legislative regime work through the recent discoveries come on stream. Perhaps the most significant of the new discoveries is 1 Belli on Cap Bon, which Marathon tested at a rate of 6,800 b/d of oil with reported potential of as much as 15,000 b/d.

Mrad, R.; M'Rabet, A.; Chine, N. (Enterprise Tunisienne d'Activites Petrolieres (TN)); Davies, W.C.

1991-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

445

Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

indicator minerals from the Visible-Near Infrared (VNIR) region of the spectrum at spatial resolutions of 3 - 5 m 2 - Access the value of hyperspectral imaging for the...

446

Energetics of photosynthetic glow peaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Department of Biology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830...obtained by different workers is also presented...obtained by different workers is also presented...Department of Biology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory...

Don DeVault; Govindjee; William Arnold

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Peak of the Oil Age  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In late October 2003 The Economist published an article titled, “The End of the Oil Age” [1]. In the article’s introduction reference was made to a statement by Sheikh Yamani who served as Saudi Arabia’s minister...

Kjell Aleklett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Peaking of World Oil Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nonrenewable and renewable energy sources make up the two major energy categories of interest to our industrial civilization. Nonrenewable energy includes different fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) th...

J. Edward Gates

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Peak Oil and Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For most people “climate change” is synonymous with the “greenhouse effect.” A critical factor in climate change is emissions of carbon dioxide, CO2. In this chapter we restrict our discussion primarily to the qu...

Kjell Aleklett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Peak oil and oil vulnerability: what are the implications for industrial agriculture and rural communities? with a case study based in the Southern Gulf region of Queensland.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Modern agriculture’s high levels of production and global markets have been made possible through vast inputs of fossil fuels for machinery, transport, fertilizer, chemicals, crop… (more)

Coventry, Donald Hugh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

CORRELATION BETWEEN THE ISOTROPIC ENERGY AND THE PEAK ENERGY AT ZERO FLUENCE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL PULSES OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS: TOWARD A UNIVERSAL PHYSICAL CORRELATION FOR THE PROMPT EMISSION  

SciTech Connect

We find a strong correlation between the peak energy at zero fluence (E{sub peak,0}) and the isotropic energy (E{sub {gamma},iso}) of the 22 pulses of nine gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected by the Fermi satellite. The correlation holds for the individual pulses of each GRB, which shows the reality of the correlation. The derived correlation (Spearman correlation coefficient, r, which is 0.96) is much stronger compared to the correlations using E{sub peak} (in place of E{sub peak,0}) determined from the time-integrated spectrum (r = 0.8), the time-resolved spectrum without accounting for broad pulse structures (r = 0.37), or the pulsewise spectrum (r = 0.89). Though the improvement in the E{sub peak}-E{sub {gamma},iso} relation (the Amati relation) for a pulsewise analysis is known earlier, this is the first time a parameter derived from a joint spectral and timing fit to the data is shown to improve the correlation. We suggest that E{sub peak,0}, rather than E{sub peak}, is intrinsic to a GRB pulse and a natural choice as the parameter in pulsewise correlation studies.

Basak, Rupal; Rao, A. R., E-mail: rupalb@tifr.res.in, E-mail: arrao@tifr.res.in [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

452

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 8.12a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period, 1986-2011 (Megawatts, Except as Noted) Year Noncoincident Peak Load 1 by North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) 2 Regional Assessment Area Capacity Margin 21 (percent) Eastern Interconnection ERCOT 4 Western Inter- connection All Inter- connections FRCC 5 NPCC 6 Balance of Eastern Region 3 ECAR 7,8 MAAC 8,9 MAIN 8,10 MAPP 11 MISO 12 MRO 13 PJM 14 RFC 8,15 SERC 16 SPP 17 Subtotal TRE 18 WECC 19 Total 20 1986 - - 39,026 69,606 37,564 35,943 - - - - 21,029 - - - - 105,570 47,123 316,835 39,335 81,787 476,983 NA 1987 - - 42,651 72,561 40,526 37,446 - - - - 23,162 - - - - 109,798 47,723 331,216 39,339 82,967

453

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 5 Table 8.12b Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Winter Peak Period, 1986-2011 (Megawatts, Except as Noted) Year Noncoincident Peak Load 1 by North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) 2 Regional Assessment Area Capacity Margin 21 (percent) Eastern Interconnection ERCOT 4 Western Inter- connection All Inter- connections FRCC 5 NPCC 6 Balance of Eastern Region 3 ECAR 7,8 MAAC 8,9 MAIN 8,10 MAPP 11 MISO 12 MRO 13 PJM 14 RFC 8,15 SERC 16 SPP 17 Subtotal TRE 18 WECC 19 Total 20 1986 - - 37,976 64,561 32,807 28,036 - - - - 18,850 - - - - 101,849 33,877 279,980 28,730 76,171 422,857 NA 1987 - - 41,902 68,118 35,775 30,606 - - - - 19,335 - - - - 105,476 34,472 293,782 31,399 81,182 448,265 NA 1988 - - 42,951 67,771 36,363 30,631 - - - - 20,162 - - - -

454

SAS Output  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B. Noncoincident Peak Load by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assessment Area, B. Noncoincident Peak Load by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assessment Area, 2012 Actual, 2013-2017 Projected Summer Peak Load (Megawatts) Eastern Interconnection ERCOT Western Interconnection All Interconnections Period FRCC NPCC Balance of Eastern Region MAPP MISO PJM SERC SPP TRE WECC Contiguous U.S. Actual 2012 44,338 58,319 468,092 5,051 96,769 154,339 161,687 50,246 66,548 130,465 767,762 Projected 2013 45,668 59,969 469,857 5,109 96,192 155,553 159,032 53,971 67,998 133,523 777,015 Projected 2014 46,338 60,654 475,005 5,249 96,879 158,717 159,457 54,703 69,289 132,731 784,017 Projected 2015 47,053 61,428 484,637 5,360 97,565 162,216 164,150 55,346 71,423 134,183 798,724

455

Energy Levels of Lu174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thirty-two levels in Lu174 have been observed up to an excitation energy of 1628 keV utilizing 12-MeV deuterons and the reaction Lu175(d, t)Lu174. The ground-state Q value was determined to be -1400±15 keV. The spectrum has been interpreted in terms of the coupling of the [404?] Nilsson proton orbital with the neutron orbitals prominent in the (d, t) spectrum of Yb173. This interpretation has resulted in the determination of relative energies due to the residual neutron-proton interaction for seven different configurations. The observed singlet-triplet splitting energies for the [512?], [521?], and [521?] neutron orbitals coupled to the [404?] proton orbital were measured to be -110, +80, and -90 keV, respectively. Theoretical calculations of these energies made for a zero-range spin-dependent central potential gave values of -106, +71, and -77 keV, respectively. The remarkable agreement indicates that the spin-spin interaction can account for most, if not all, of the singlet-triplet splitting energy.

H. D. Jones and R. K. Sheline

1970-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Design and optimization of a flexible high-peak-power laser-to-fiber coupled illumination system used in digital particle image velocimetry  

SciTech Connect

We present a study on the design and parameter optimization of a flexible high-peak-power fiber-optic laser delivery system using commercially available solid-core silica fibers and an experimental glass hollow waveguide (HW). The fiber-optic delivery system provides a flexible, safe, and easily and precisely positioned laser irradiation for many applications including uniform illumination for digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV). The delivery fibers, when coupled through a line-generating lens, produce a uniform thin laser sheet illumination for accurate and repeatable DPIV two-dimensional velocity measurements. We report experimental results on homogenizing the laser beam profile using various mode-mixing techniques. Furthermore, because a fundamental problem for fiber-optic-based high-peak-power laser delivery systems is the possible damage effects of the fiber material, we determine experimentally the peak power density damage threshold of various delivery fibers designed for the visible spectral range at a typical DPIV laser wavelength of 532 nm. In the case of solid-core silica delivery fibers using conventional lens-based laser-to-fiber coupling, the damage threshold varies from 3.7 GW/cm{sup 2} for a 100-{mu}m-core-diameter high-temperature fiber to 3.9 GW/cm{sup 2} for a 200-{mu}m-core-diameter high-power delivery fiber, with a total output laser energy delivered of at least 3-10 mJ for those respective fibers. Therefore, these fibers are marginally suitable for most macro-DPIV applications. However, to improve the high-power delivery capability for close-up micro-DPIV applications, we propose and validate an experimental fiber link with much higher laser power delivery capability than the solid-core fiber links. We use an uncoated grazing-incidence-based tapered glass funnel coupled to a glass HW with hollow air-core diameter of 700 {mu}m, a low numerical aperture of 0.05, and a thin inside cladding of cyclic olefin polymer coating for optimum transmission at 532 nm. Because of the mode homogenizing effect and lower power density, the taper-waveguide laser delivery technique ensured high damage threshold for the delivery HW, and as a result, no damage occurred at the maximum measured input laser energy of 33 mJ used in this study.

Robinson, Ronald A.; Ilev, Ilko K. [FDA/CDRH, 9200 Corporate Blvd., HFZ-170, Rockville, Maryland 20850 (United States)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Optimizing High Level Waste Disposal  

SciTech Connect

If society is ever to reap the potential benefits of nuclear energy, technologists must close the fuel-cycle completely. A closed cycle equates to a continued supply of fuel and safe reactors, but also reliable and comprehensive closure of waste issues. High level waste (HLW) disposal in borosilicate glass (BSG) is based on 1970s era evaluations. This host matrix is very adaptable to sequestering a wide variety of radionuclides found in raffinates from spent fuel reprocessing. However, it is now known that the current system is far from optimal for disposal of the diverse HLW streams, and proven alternatives are available to reduce costs by billions of dollars. The basis for HLW disposal should be reassessed to consider extensive waste form and process technology research and development efforts, which have been conducted by the United States Department of Energy (USDOE), international agencies and the private sector. Matching the waste form to the waste chemistry and using currently available technology could increase the waste content in waste forms to 50% or more and double processing rates. Optimization of the HLW disposal system would accelerate HLW disposition and increase repository capacity. This does not necessarily require developing new waste forms, the emphasis should be on qualifying existing matrices to demonstrate protection equal to or better than the baseline glass performance. Also, this proposed effort does not necessarily require developing new technology concepts. The emphasis is on demonstrating existing technology that is clearly better (reliability, productivity, cost) than current technology, and justifying its use in future facilities or retrofitted facilities. Higher waste processing and disposal efficiency can be realized by performing the engineering analyses and trade-studies necessary to select the most efficient methods for processing the full spectrum of wastes across the nuclear complex. This paper will describe technologies being evaluated at Idaho National Laboratory and the facilities we’ve designed to evaluate options and support optimization.

Dirk Gombert

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

First sharp diffraction peak in the fragile liquid Ca0.4K0.6(NO3)1.4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecular-dynamics simulations of the glass former Ca0.4K0.6(NO3)1.4 (CKN) have been performed with a polarizable model for the nitrate ion. Polarization effects in the anion were included with a fluctuating charge model. Comparison of the Ca-Ca partial radial distribution functions calculated with the polarizable model and the rigid ion model counterpart indicates that closer approach of calcium ions is allowed with the polarizable model. Typical clusters which are stabilized by ionic polarization are identified in snapshots of the simulated system. The prepeak or first sharp diffraction peak observed in the experimental static structure factor, and the associated intermediate-range order, is reproduced in the calculated structure factor provided that polarization is included in the simulation. The polarization effects on the equilibrium structure of this archetypic fragile liquid are compared to previous results on strong ionic liquids.

Mauro C. C. Ribeiro

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

First Measurement of the He3+He3-->He4+2p Cross Section down to the Lower Edge of the Solar Gamow Peak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give the LUNA results on the cross section measurement of a key reaction of the proton-proton chain strongly affecting the calculated neutrino luminosity from the Sun: He3+He3-->He4+2p. Due to the cosmic ray suppression provided by the Gran Sasso underground laboratory it has been possible to measure the cross section down to the lower edge of the solar Gamow peak, i.e. as low as 16.5 keV centre of mass energy. The data clearly show the cross section increase due to the electron screening effect but they do not exhibit any evidence for a narrow resonance suggested to explain the observed solar neutrino flux.

The LUNA Collaboration; R. Bonetti; C. Broggini; L. Campajola; P. Corvisiero; A. D'Alessandro; M. Dessalvi; A. D'Onofrio; A. Fubini; G. Gervino; L. Gialanella; U. Greife; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; G. Imbriani; M. Junker; P. Prati; V. Roca; C. Rolfs; M. Romano; F. Schuemann; F. Strieder; F. Terrasi; H. P. Trautvetter; S. Zavatarelli

1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

460

Bethe binary-encounter peaks in the double-differential cross sections for high-energy electron-impact ionization of H{sub 2} and He  

SciTech Connect

We study the Bethe binary-encounter (BE) region in the ejected-electron double-differential emission spectrum of H{sub 2} and He targets in collisions with 8-keV electrons. We compare the absolute cross sections for these isoelectronic systems at high emission energies. The experimental data are analyzed in terms of a state-of-the-art theoretical model based on a two-effective-center approximation. In the case of the H{sub 2} molecule the binary peak in the double-differential cross sections (DDCS) is enhanced due to the two-center Young-type interference. The observed undulation in the DDCS ratio is explained in terms of the combined contributions of the Compton profile mismatch and the interference effect. The influence of the interference effect is thus observed for higher-energy electrons compared to most of the earlier studies which focused on low-energy electrons produced in soft collisions.

Chatterjee, S.; Agnihotri, A. N.; Tribedi, L. C. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Stia, C. R.; Fojon, O. A.; Rivarola, R. D. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario (CONICET-UNR) and Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Ingenieria y Agrimensura, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Av. Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Climate change and peak oil—two large-scale disruptions likely to adversely affect long-term tourism growth in the Asia Pacific  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Climate change and peak oil are likely to have a significant impact on future tourism growth in the Asia Pacific region. Dealing with these issues and the policies and strategies required for mitigation and adaptation need to be given far greater attention by the tourism industry and the public sector than has hitherto been the case. Existing approaches based on crisis and disaster management may be inadequate and a new approach to deal with shocks of this nature is required. This regional spotlight suggests a new approach based on the concept of disruption which is defined as an event that causes substantial and long-term change in the structure of the tourism industry.

Bruce Prideaux

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Monitoring peak power and cooling energy savings of shade trees and white surfaces in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) service area: Project design and preliminary results  

SciTech Connect

Urban areas in warm climates create summer heat islands of daily average intensity of 3--5{degrees}C, adding to discomfort and increasing air-conditioning loads. Two important factors contributing to urban heat islands are reductions in albedo (lower overall city reflectance) and loss of vegetation (less evapotranspiration). Reducing summer heat islands by planting vegetation (shade trees) and increasing surface albedos, saves cooling energy, allows down-sizing of air conditioners, lowers air-conditioning peak demand, and reduces the emission of CO{sub 2} and other pollutants from electric power plants. The focus of this multi-year project, jointly sponsored by SMUD and the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE), was to measure the direct cooling effects of trees and white surfaces (mainly roofs) in a few buildings in Sacramento. The first-year project was to design the experiment and obtain base case data. We also obtained limited post retrofit data for some sites. This report provides an overview of the project activities during the first year at six sites. The measurement period for some of the sites was limited to September and October, which are transitional cooling months in Sacramento and hence the interpretation of results only apply to this period. In one house, recoating the dark roof with a high-albedo coating rendered air conditioning unnecessary for the month of September (possible savings of up to 10 kWh per day and 2 kW of non-coincidental peak power). Savings of 50% relative to an identical base case bungalow were achieved when a school bungalow`s roof and southeast wall were coated with a high-albedo coating during the same period. Our measured data for the vegetation sites do not indicate conclusive results because shade trees were small and the cooling period was almost over. We need to collect more data over a longer cooling season in order to demonstrate savings conclusively.

Akbari, H.; Bretz, S.; Hanford, J.; Rosenfeld, A.; Sailor, D.; Taha, H. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Bos, W. [Sacramento Municipal Utility District, CA (United States)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Effect of Atomic Coherence on Absorption in Four-level Systems: an Analytical study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Absorption profile of a four-level ladder atomic system interacting with three driving fields is studied perturbatively and analytical results are presented. Numerical results where the driving field strengths are treated upto all orders are presented. The absorption features is studied in two regimes, i) the weak middle transition coupling, i.e. $\\Omega_2 >\\Omega_{1,3}$. In case i), it is shown that the ground state absorption and the saturation characteristics of the population of level 2 reveal deviation due to the presence of upper level couplings. In particular, the saturation curve for the population of level 2 shows a dip for $\\Omega_1 = \\Omega_3$. While the populations of levels 3 and 4 show a maxima when this resonance condition is satisfied. Thus the resonance condition provides a criterion for maximally populating the upper levels. A second order perturbation calculation reveals the nature of this minima (maxima). In the second case, I report two important features: a) Filtering of the Aulter-Townes doublet in the three-peak absorption profile of the ground state, which is achieved by detuning only the upper most coupling field, and b) control of line-width by controlling the strength of the upper coupling fields. This filtering technique coupled with the control of linewidth could prove to be very useful for high resolution studies.

S N Sandhya

2006-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

464

Physics of polarized scattering at multi-level atomic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The symmetric peak observed in linear polarization in the core of the solar sodium D$_1$ line at 5896 \\AA\\ has remained enigmatic since its discovery nearly two decades ago. One reason is that the theory of polarized scattering has not been experimentally tested for multi-level atomic systems in the relevant parameter domains, although the theory is continually being used for the interpretation of astrophysical observations. A laboratory experiment that was set up a decade ago to find out whether the D$_1$ enigma is a problem of solar physics or quantum physics revealed that the D$_1$ system has a rich polarization structure in situations where standard scattering theory predicts zero polarization, even when optical pumping of the $m$ state populations of the hyperfine-split ground state is accounted for. Here we show that the laboratory results can be modeled in great quantitative detail if the theory is extended to include the coherences in both the initial and final states of the scattering process. Radiat...

Stenflo, Jan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Long period oscillations and tidal level in the Port of Ferrol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT A new container terminal will soon be inaugurated in the Port of Ferrol (Spain). Sea level observations show the occurrence of seiche events in the basin. The objective of this work is to investigate the long wave oscillations and their dependence on the tidal level. Two analysis techniques, fast Fourier transform (FFT) and short time Fourier transform (STFT), are applied. Time-averaged spectra corresponding to different tidal levels are obtained with the FFT, whereas seiche events are identified on spectrograms computed with the STFT. The time-averaged power density spectra features eleven well-marked peaks, with moderate to high amplification. A clear influence of the tide on the spectral peaks is found, with most peaks presenting higher frequencies and greater power densities at high tide. The analysis of the individual seiche events shows that the behavior of long wave energy in the basin varies across the spectrum; on these grounds, three frequency bands are proposed: LF (low frequency), VLF (very low frequency), and ULF (ultra low frequency). The LF band exhibits a high correlation with the offshore swell energy, both outside and inside the harbor. At the other end of the long wave spectrum, the ULF band is only weakly correlated with the swell; it responds to a different forcing, possibly related to atmospheric disturbances. Finally, the intermediate VLF band presents a mixed character, with influences both from the swell and the other driving agent. The contributions of the paper are as follows. First, the long wave behavior at the Port of Ferrol, a major port in Spain, is characterized for the first time. Second, two contrasting behaviors affecting different frequency ranges are identified—one is proven to be swell-driven, whereas the other is proven, on the contrary, to not be swell-related. And, finally, the tidal oscillation is found to be relevant to the long wave behavior within the port, for it affects both the frequencies and power densities of the spectral peaks—but not to the generation of long waves outside the harbor.

M. López; G. Iglesias; N. Kobayashi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Microsoft Word - CERTIFICATION LEVEL REQUIREMENTS.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CERTIFICATION LEVEL CERTIFICATION LEVEL The CEG is intended to provide program secretarial officers and field element managers (including operations offices, site offices, area offices, project offices, and service centers) with the requirements and guidelines for evaluating PMCDP candidate competencies and requests for equivalencies at all four certification levels and continuing education. Persons planning to be certified under the PMCDP may attain certification levels with the following total project cost (TPC) limits: * Certification Level 4: TPC exceeding $400 million (M) * Certification Level 3: TPC greater than $100M and equal to or less than $400M * Certification Level 2: TPC greater than $20M and equal to or less than $100M * Certification Level 1: TPC greater than $5M and equal to or less than $20M

467

High Level Waste System Plan Revision 9  

SciTech Connect

Revision 9 of the High Level Waste System Plan documents the current operating strategy of the HLW System at SRS to receive, store, treat, and dispose of high-level waste.

Davis, N.R.; Wells, M.N.; Choi, A.S.; Paul, P.; Wise, F.E.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

A=4-20 Level Diagrams (EPS)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EPS format The Image Map below will direct you to the most recent, updated Energy Level Diagram for that particular nuclide. To view previous Energy Level Diagrams from past...

469

ARM - Sea Level and Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

if severe storms such as hurricanes and typhoons become more frequent. Statistics on Sea Level Rise According to many studies, the global mean sea level may have risen by one or...

470

State Level Analysis of Industrial Energy Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most analyses of industrial energy use have been conducted at the national level, in part because of the difficulties in dealing with state level data. Unfortunately, this provides a distorted view of the industrial sector for state and regional...

Elliott, R. N.; Shipley, A. M.; Brown, E.

471

How Wyandotte Pluronics improve dye leveling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In fact, they are outstanding for their effectiveness in scouring without sudsing excessively. ... Improve leveling of wool dyes ...

1955-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

472

Level Set Implementations on Unstructured Point Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Level Set Implementations on Unstructured Point Cloud by HO, Hon Pong A Thesis Submitted;Level Set Implementations on Unstructured Point Cloud by HO, Hon Pong This is to certify that I have implementations on unstructured point cloud 15 3.1 Level set initialization

Duncan, James S.

473

Updating Maryland's Sea-level Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Updating Maryland's Sea-level Rise Projections Scientific and Technical Working Group Maryland Climate Change Commission June 26, 2013 #12;Sea-level Rise Expert Group Donald F. Boesch* , University-author of the National Assessment Scenarios report Author of paper(s) on recent sea-level rise ~ Author contributing

Ezer,Tal

474

Sea Level CD-ROMs Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea Level CD-ROMs Introduction The Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Sea Level Center Service for Mean Sea Level. This CD-ROM contains the holdings of the WDC as of July 1994, which consists with the greatest concentration between 5 and 30 years, although a few sites have over 70 years. CD-ROM Contents

475

Global Warming and Caspian Sea Level Fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coastal regions have a high social, economical and environmental importance. Due to this importance the sea level fluctuations can have many bad consequences. In this research the correlation between the increasing trend of temperature in coastal stations due to Global Warming and the Caspian Sea level has been established. The Caspian Sea level data has been received from the Jason-1 satellite. It was resulted that the monthly correlation between the temperature and sea level is high and also positive and almost the same for all the stations. But the yearly correlation was negative. It means that the sea level has decreased by the increase in temperature.

Ardakanian, Reza

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Technical evaluation report, TMI action NUREG-0737 (II.D.1), relief and safety valve testing, Comanche Peak, Unit 2, Docket No. 50-446  

SciTech Connect

In the past, safety and relief valves installed in the primary coolant system of light water reactors have performed improperly. As a result, the authors of NUREG-0578 (TMI-2 Lessons Learned Task Force Status Report and Short-Term Recommendations) and, subsequently, NUREG-0737 (Clarification of TMI Action Plan Requirements) recommended development and completion of programs to do two things. First, the programs should reevaluate the functional performance capabilities of pressurized water reactor safety, relief, and block valves. Second, they should verify the integrity of the pressurizer safety and relief valve piping systems for normal, transient, and accident conditions. This report documents the review of those programs by EG&G Idaho, Inc. Specifically, this report documents the review of the Comanche Peak, Unit 2, Applicant response to the requirements of NUREG-0578 and NUREG-0737. This review found the Applicant provided an acceptable response reconfirming they met General Design Criteria 14, 15, and 30 of Appendix A to 10 CFR 50 for the subject equipment.

Fineman, C.P.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

ON MASS CONSTRAINTS IMPLIED BY THE RELATIVISTIC PRECESSION MODEL OF TWIN-PEAK QUASI-PERIODIC OSCILLATIONS IN CIRCINUS X-1  

SciTech Connect

Boutloukos et al. discovered twin-peak quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) in 11 observations of the peculiar Z-source Circinus X-1. Among several other conjunctions the authors briefly discussed the related estimate of the compact object mass following from the geodesic relativistic precession model for kHz QPOs. Neglecting the neutron star rotation they reported the inferred mass M{sub 0} = 2.2 {+-} 0.3 M{sub sun}. We present a more detailed analysis of the estimate which involves the frame-dragging effects associated with rotating spacetimes. For a free mass we find acceptable fits of the model to data for (any) small dimensionless compact object angular momentum j = cJ/GM {sup 2}. Moreover, quality of the fit tends to increase very gently with rising j. Good fits are reached when M {approx} M{sub 0}[1 + 0.55(j + j {sup 2})]. It is therefore impossible to estimate the mass without independent knowledge of the angular momentum and vice versa. Considering j up to 0.3 the range of the feasible values of mass extends up to 3 M{sub sun}. We suggest that similar increase of estimated mass due to rotational effects can be relevant for several other sources.

Toeroek, Gabriel; Bakala, Pavel; Sramkova, Eva; StuchlIk, Zdenek; Urbanec, Martin, E-mail: terek@volny.c, E-mail: pavel.bakala@fpf.slu.c, E-mail: sram_eva@centrum.c, E-mail: zdenek.stuchlik@fpf.slu.c, E-mail: martin.urbanec@fpf.slu.c [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Silesian University in Opava Bezrucovo nam. 13, CZ-746 01 Opava (Czech Republic)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

ANALYSIS OF SULFONATES IN AQUEOUS SAMPLES BY ION-PAIR LC/ESI-MS/MS WITH IN-SOURCE CID FOR ADDUCT PEAK ELIMINATION  

SciTech Connect

Determination of low-molecular-weight organic sulfonates (e.g. taurine and cysteic acid) in aqueous solutions is important in many applications of biological, environmental and pharmaceutical sciences. These compounds are difficult to be determined by commonly used reversed-phase liquid chromatographic separation combined with UV-Visible detection because of their high solubility and the lack chromophoric moieties. Here the authors report a method combining ion-pair liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (IPLC/ESI-MS/MS)for determining sulfonates. The ability of low-molecular-weight sulfonates to form ion-pairs with quaternary ammonium cations in aqueous solutions allowed LC separation with a C{sub 18} column. Detection of the sulfonates was accomplished with ESI-MS that lends a universal mode of mass detection for polar, water soluble compounds. An in-source collision induced dissociation (CID) was applied to eliminate the adduct peaks in mass spectra. Characteristic marker ions showed in the second stage mass spectra lent a method for identifying sulfonates.

OUYANG,S.; VAIRAVAMURTHY,M.A.

1999-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

479

The impact of peak oil on tourism in Spain: An input–output analysis of price, demand and economy-wide effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article examines the potential effects of peak oil on Spanish tourism and indirectly on the rest of the economy. We construct several scenarios of price increases in oil, related fossil fuels and their inflationary effects. These scenarios provide the context for an input–output (I/O) analysis which uses I/O tables extended with Tourism Satellite Accounts. The analysis comprises three steps: (1) applying an I/O price model to estimate the price change of tourism services in Spain due to an increase in the prices of oil and other fossil fuels; (2) assessing the effects of price changes on demand for tourism services; and (3) estimating the impacts of demand change on the country's economy using an I/O demand model. The results show that a decreased demand for tourism services results in the greatest fall in outputs in the tourism-related shares of air, water, land and railway transport sectors. These are followed by tourism agencies' activities, non-market recreational, cultural and sporting activities, restaurants, and hotels. Depending on the oil price scenario adopted, GDP (Gross domestic product) decreases between ?0.08% and ?0.38% and the number of jobs lost through direct and indirect effects varies between approximately 20,000 and 100,000.

Ivana Logar; Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Techno-economic analysis of a coal-fired CHP based combined heating system with gas-fired boilers for peak load compensation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) plants dominate the heating market in China. With the ongoing energy structure reformation and increasing environmental concerns, we propose gas-fired boilers to be deployed in underperforming heating substations of heating networks for peak load compensation, in order to improve both energy efficiency and environmental sustainability. However, due to the relatively high price of gas, techno-economic analysis is required for evaluating different combined heating scenarios, characterized by basic heat load ratio (?). Therefore, we employ the dynamic economics and annual cost method to develop a techno-economic model for computing the net heating cost of the system, considering the current state of the art of cogeneration systems in China. The net heating cost is defined as the investment costs and operations costs of the system subtracted by revenues from power generation. We demonstrate the model in a real-life combined heating system of Daqing, China. The results show that the minimum net heating cost can be realized at ?=0.75 with a cost reduction of 16.8% compared to coal heating alone. Since fuel cost is the dominating factor, sensitivity analyses on coal and gas prices are discussed subsequently.

Hai-Chao Wang; Wen-Ling Jiao; Risto Lahdelma; Ping-Hua Zou

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noncoincident peak levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Electric Power Annual 2011  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2. Noncoincident peak load, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assessment Area, 2. Noncoincident peak load, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assessment Area, 1990-2011 actual, 2012-2016 projected megawatts Interconnection NERC Regional Assesment Area 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012E 2013E 2014E 2015E 2016E FRCC 27,266 28,818 30,601 32,823 32,904 34,524 35,444 35,375 38,730 37,493 37,194 39,062 40,696 40,475 42,383 46,396 45,751 46,676 44,836 46,550 45,722 44,968 45,613 46,270 46,857 47,758 48,594 NPCC 44,116 46,594 43,658 46,706 47,581 47,705 45,094 49,269 49,566 52,855 50,057 55,949 56,012 55,018 52,549 58,960 63,241

482

Data:C155ba80-e79b-4000-831f-e25431d9e926 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5ba80-e79b-4000-831f-e25431d9e926 5ba80-e79b-4000-831f-e25431d9e926 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Wilson, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Service CP Rate for Loads Over 10,000 kW (CP-3H-90) Sector: Industrial Description: "This schedule is available for electric service used by a non-residential customer with an annual noncoincident peak load factor equal to or greater than 85% and either a contract demand that equals or exceeds 10,000 kW or whenever the maximum registered or computed 15-minute demand equals or exceeds 10,000 kW in two or more of the preceding 12 months, but less than 20,000 kW with the following exceptions: this schedule is not available for breakdown, standby, or supplementary service unless used in conjunction with the applicable standby or generation service rider for a continuous period of not less than one year, for resale service, for any customer whose annual noncoincident peak load factor does not equal or exceed 85% or for any seasonal customer."

483

Energy dispatch schedule optimization for demand charge reduction using a photovoltaic-battery storage system with solar forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A battery storage dispatch strategy that optimizes demand charge reduction in real-time was developed and the discharge of battery storage devices in a grid-connected, combined photovoltaic-battery storage system (PV+ system) was simulated for a summer month, July 2012, and a winter month, November 2012, in an operational environment. The problem is formulated as a linear programming (LP; or linear optimization) routine and daily minimization of peak non-coincident demand is sought to evaluate the robustness, reliability, and consistency of the battery dispatch algorithm. The LP routine leverages solar power and load forecasts to establish a load demand target (i.e., a minimum threshold to which demand can be reduced using a photovoltaic (PV) array and battery array) that is adjusted throughout the day in response to forecast error. The LP routine perfectly minimizes demand charge but forecasts errors necessitate adjustments to the perfect dispatch schedule. The PV+ system consistently reduced non-coincident demand on a metered load that has an elevated diurnal (i.e., daytime) peak. The average reduction in peak demand on weekdays (days that contain the elevated load peak) was 25.6% in July and 20.5% in November. By itself, the PV array (excluding the battery array) reduced the peak demand on average 19.6% in July and 11.4% in November. PV alone cannot perfectly mitigate load spikes due to inherent variability; the inclusion of a storage device reduced the peak demand a further 6.0% in July and 9.3% in November. Circumstances affecting algorithm robustness and peak reduction reliability are discussed.

R. Hanna; J. Kleissl; A. Nottrott; M. Ferry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Counting Rises, Levels and Drops in Compositions 1 Counting Rises, Levels and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Counting Rises, Levels and Drops in Compositions 1 Counting Rises, Levels and Drops in Compositions Mansour Department of Mathematics, Haifa University, Israel #12;Counting Rises, Levels and Drops;Counting Rises, Levels and Drops in Compositions 3 Definitions · A composition = 12 . . . m of n N

Heubach, Silvia

485

Proposed Changes to Emergency Action Levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reference (a) provided proposed changes to Vermont Yankee's (VY's) Emergency Action Levels (EALs). This letter provides additional information requested by USNRC staff during a telecon held on

Vermont Yankee; Gautam Sen; Richard J. Conte; Emergency Preparedness; Safeguards Branch; Division Of Reactor

486

Sandia National Laboratories: high PV deployment level  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

deployment level ECIS-Princeton Power Systems, Inc.: Demand Response Inverter On March 19, 2013, in DETL, Distribution Grid Integration, Energy, Energy Surety, Facilities, Grid...

487

Energy Level Diagrams A=4-20  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Graphic Interchange Format (GIF) Portable Document Format (PDF) Encapsulated Postscript (EPS) To view all of the Energy Level Diagrams available for each mass chain, including the...

488

The Misunderstanding of Multi-level Marketing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The structure of multi-level marketing has been mistaken for a pyramid scheme with the introduction of companies, such as Amway, Avon and Mary Kay Cosmetics.… (more)

Reavis, Adrienne D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Calculation method using Clarkson integration for the physical dose at the center of the spread-out Bragg peak in carbon-ion radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In broad-beam carbon-ion radiotherapy performed using the heavy-ion medical accelerator in Chiba, the number of monitor units is determined by measuring the physical dose at the center of the spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) for the treatment beam. The total measurement time increases as the number of treatment beams increases, which hinders the treatment of an increased number of patients. Hence, Kusano et al.[Jpn. J. Med. Phys. 23(Suppl. 2), 65-68 (2003)] proposed a method to calculate the physical dose at the center of the SOBP for a treatment beam. Based on a recent study, the authors here propose a more accurate calculation method.Methods: The authors measured the physical dose at the center of the SOBP while varying the circular field size and range-shifter thickness. The authors obtained the physical dose at the center of the SOBP for an irregularly shaped beam using Clarkson integration based on these measurements.Results: The difference between the calculated and measured physical doses at the center of the SOBP varied with a change in the central angle of the sector segment. The differences between the calculated and measured physical doses at the center of the SOBP were within {+-}1% for all irregularly shaped beams that were used to validate the calculation method.Conclusions: The accuracy of the proposed method depends on both the number of angular intervals used for Clarkson integration and the fineness of the basic data used for calculations: sampling numbers for the field size and thickness of the range shifter. If those parameters are properly chosen, the authors can obtain a calculated monitor unit number with high accuracy sufficient for clinical applications.

Tajiri, Minoru; Maeda, Takamasa; Isobe, Yoshiharu; Kuroiwa, Toshitaka; Tanimoto, Katsuyuki; Shibayama, Koichi [Department of Hospital, Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Koba, Yusuke; Fukuda, Shigekazu [Department of Medical Physics, Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Comparative study of upper critical field Hc2 and second magnetization peak Hsp in hole- and electron-doped BaFe2As2 superconductor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparative study of the upper critical field Hc2 and second magnetization peak Hsp was performed using high-quality single crystals of hole-doped Ba0.68K0.32Fe2As2 and electron-doped BaFe1.85Co0.15As2 and BaFe1.91Ni0.09As2. The Hc2 was extracted from both resistivity and magnetization measurements using varying magnetic fields on H?c and H?c orientations. The anisotropic ratio, ?=Hc2?c/Hc2?c, was observed to decrease to ?2.5 for the hole-doped and ?3.0 for both electron-doped samples as the magnetic fields were increased up to 9 T. It demonstrates that the anisotropic properties only show slight change by doping aliovalent ions either in or out-of the basal plane of FeAs. For the hole-doped Ba0.68K0.32Fe2As2 the Hc2 and Hsp shift toward the higher temperature and higher field regime in the temperature-normalized (T/Tc) vortex phase diagram, suggesting a stronger vortex pinning by the comparison with the electron-doped BaFe1.85Co0.15As2 and BaFe1.91Ni0.09As2. In contrast to the As-deficiency or inhomogeneous doping distribution of K, Co, and Ni, the dense pinning centers in Ba0.68K0.32Fe2As2 may be attributed to the disordered structural domains and suggested to be responsible for the intrinsic disorder and anisotropy of iron arsenides.

D. L. Sun; Y. Liu; C. T. Lin

2009-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

491

Correlation of Price to Inventory Levels  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Gasoline prices move with changes in crude oil prices, and crude prices have varied significantly over the past decade, as illustrated above with the monthly average spot prices for West Texas Intermediate crude oil. Gasoline prices were as low as 91 cents per gallon in early 1999 when crude prices were very low, and were around $1.56 per gallon mid to late September 2000 when crude prices were high, even though the peak gasoline demand season was over at that point. We have observed that crude oil., like other commodities, responds to basic market fundamentals of supply and demand. Inventories are a good means of measuring the balance between demand and supply in the marketplace, and thus are a good barometer of price pressure. For example, when demand exceeds supply over and above the typical situation,

492

Provably Efficient Two-Level Adaptive Scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

processor reallocation, our schedulers provide control over the scheduling overhead and ensure effectiveProvably Efficient Two-Level Adaptive Scheduling Yuxiong He1 , Wen-Jing Hsu1 , and Charles E. Multiprocessor scheduling in a shared multiprogramming en- vironment can be structured in two levels, where

Feitelson, Dror

493

The ATLAS level-1 trigger timing setup  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ATLAS detector at CERN's LHC will be exposed to proton-proton collisions at a bunch-crossing rate of 40 MHz. In order to reduce the data rate, a three-level trigger system selects potentially interesting physics processes. The first trigger level ...

P. Borrego Amaral; N. Ellis; P. Farthouat; P. Gallno; J. Haller; A. Krasznahorkay; T. Maeno; T. Pauly; H. Pessoa Lima, Jr.; I. Resurreccion Arcas; G. Schuler; J. M. De Seixas; R. Spiwoks; R. Torga Teixeira; T. Wengler

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Predicting Future Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Predicting future atmospheric carbon dioxide levels...1978012175 air atmosphere biosphere carbon...Predicting future atmospheric carbon dioxide levels...re-quired 5-Mhz bandwidth, which...synchronization rate of 16 khz and the picture...the interstellar plasma. For UHF frequencies...

U. Siegenthaler; H. Oeschger

1978-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

495

Advantages of a Leveled Commitment Contracting Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advantages of a Leveled Commitment Contracting Protocol Tuomas W. Sandholm and Victor R. Lesser 7, 1995 #12; Advantages of a Leveled Commitment Contracting Protocol Tuomas W. Sandholm and Victor R, contracts have traditionally been binding. Such contracts do not al­ low agents to efficiently accommodate

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

496

Seminar -4. letnik Landau Levels in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seminar - 4. letnik Landau Levels in Graphene Author: Zala Lenarcic Mentor: prof. Anton Ramsak Ljubljana, December 2010 Abstract In this seminar I present graphene, a new material with promising to graphene's unusual energy dispersion. I will derive Landau levels for standard electrons, for electrons

Ramsak, Anton

497

2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2018 Levelized Costs AEO 2013 1 2018 Levelized Costs AEO 2013 1 January 2013 Levelized Cost of New Generation Resources in the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 This paper presents average levelized costs for generating technologies that are brought on line in 2018 1 as represented in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) for the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) Early Release Reference case. 2 Both national values and the minimum and maximum values across the 22 U.S. regions of the NEMS electricity market module are presented. Levelized cost is often cited as a convenient summary measure of the overall competiveness of different generating technologies. It represents the per-kilowatthour cost (in real dollars) of building and operating a generating plant over an assumed financial life and duty cycle. Key

498

Property:DIA/Level | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:DIA/Level Jump to: navigation, search Property Name DIA/Level Property Type String Description Development Impacts Assessment Toolkit property to help filter pages Used in Form/Template Tool Allows Values Global;National;Sectoral;Regional;Local;Project;Policy Pages using the property "DIA/Level" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Benefit Tool + Project + Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model + National +, Regional +, Local +, ... Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM) + Regional + Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Guide + National +

499

The ATLAS level 2 trigger supervisor.  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an overview of the hardware and software proposed for the ATLAS level 2 Trigger ROI Builder/Supervisor. The essential requirements of this system are that it operate at the design Level 1 Trigger rate of 100kHz and that it support the technical requirements of the architectures suggested for the ATLAS Level 2 Trigger. Commercial equipment and software support are used to the maximum extent possible, with support from dedicated hardware. Timing requirements and latencies are discussed and simulation results are presented.

Abolins, M.; Blair, R. E.; Dawson, J. W.; Owen, D.; Pope, B. G.; Schlereth, J. L.; Weber dos Santos, R.

1997-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

500

Low-level waste forum meeting reports  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides highlights from the 1992 winter meeting of the Low Level Radioactive Wastes Forum. Topics of discussion included: legal information; state and compact reports; freedom of information requests; and storage.

Sternwheeler, W.D.E.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z