National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for non-opec production left

  1. The oil price and non-OPEC supplies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seymour, A.

    1991-01-01

    The design of any effective oil pricing policy by producers depends on a knowledge of the nature and complexity of supply responses. This book examines the development of non-OPEX oil reserves on a field-by-filed basis to determine how much of the increase in non-OPEC production could be attributable to the price shocks and how much was unambiguously due to decisions and developments that preceded the price shocks. Results are presented in eighteen case-studies of non-OPEC producers. This study will be of interest to economists and planners specializing in the upstream and to policy makers both in oil producing and consuming countries.

  2. Non-OPEC oil supply gains to outpace demand in 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.

    1997-01-27

    Rising oil supplies in 1997 will relax some of the market tightness that drove up crude prices last year. Worldwide demand for petroleum products in 1996 rose faster than anticipated and faster than supply from outside the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. This increased demand for OPEC oil and pushed up prices for crude. At year end, the world export price of crude was up more than 25% from the same period a year earlier. Market conditions will change in 1997. While worldwide economic growth will continue to boost demand for energy and petroleum, non-OPEC petroleum supply will grow even more. Increases in North Sea and Latin American production will help boost non-OPEC output by 1.9 million b/d. And revenues from 1996 production gains will make additional investment possible in exploration and production. The paper discusses world economic growth, world oil demand, worldwide supply, supply outlook, prices and international drilling.

  3. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) are shown in shades of blue while non-OPEC countries are shown in shades of green. Petroleum imports rose sharply...

  4. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  5. Non-OPEC oil production set to decline for the first time since 2008

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIARegionalMethodology

  6. Shifting production trends point to more oil from OPEC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

    1994-12-26

    Oil production from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and non-OPEC regions has undergone four major phases of change in relation to oil price since 1960. Patterns visible in those phases offer an indication of world-wide production trends in the future. These four phases are described. Overall, demand for oil during 1960--93 has increased from around 20 million b/d in 1960 to as high as 65 million b/d in 1993. The consensus among energy analysts and forecasters is that this demand growth will continue. This will encourage OPEC and non OPEC producers to invest in the oil industry to meet future demand growth. However, since the resource base is larger in OPEC than in non-OPEC areas, and since the cost of developing these resources is lower in OPEC than outside OPEC, the future call on OPEC oil to meet growth in demand will undoubtedly be substantiated as production from the non-OPEC region diminishes or at best stagnates. The paper discusses OPEC production trends, non-OPEC production, natural gas liquids, future production scenarios, and future constraints on production.

  7. Four Days Left to Buy Energy-Efficient Products for a 2009 Tax...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Four Days Left to Buy Energy-Efficient Products for a 2009 Tax Credit Four Days Left to Buy Energy-Efficient Products for a 2009 Tax Credit December 28, 2009 - 7:30am Addthis...

  8. Household energy use in non-OPEC developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, J.C.

    1980-05-01

    Energy use in the residential sector in India, Brazil, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, the Sudan, Pakistan, Malaysia, and Guatemala is presented. Whenever possible, information is included on the commercial fuels (oil, gas, coal, and electricity) and on what are termed noncommercial fuels (firewood, animal dung, and crop residues). Of special interest are the differences in the consumption patterns of urban and rural areas, and of households at different income levels. Where the data allow, the effect of household size on energy consumption is discussed. Section II is an overview of the data for all eight countries. Section III examines those areas (India, Brazil, Mexico City) for which data exist on the actual quantity of energy consumed by households. Korea, the Sudan, and Pakistan, which collect data on household expenditures on fuels, are discussed in Section IV. The patterns of ownership of energy-using durables in Malaysia and Guatemala are discussed in Section V. (MCW)

  9. Global production through 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foreman, N.E.

    1996-12-01

    Two companion studies released recently should provide great food for thought among geo-political strategists and various national governments. If predictions contained in these Petroconsultants studies of oil and gas production trends for the next 10 years are realized, there will be great repercussions for net exporters and importers, alike. After analyzing and predicting trends within each of the world`s significant producing nations for the 1996--2005 period, the crude oil and condensate report concludes tat global production will jump nearly 24%. By contrast, worldwide gas output will leap 40%. The cast of characters among producers and exporters that will benefit from these increases varies considerably for each fuel. On the oil side, Russia and the OPEC members, particularly the Persian Gulf nations, will be back in the driver`s seat in terms of affecting export and pricing patterns. On the gas side, the leading producers will be an interesting mix of mostly non-OPEC countries. The reemergence of Persian Gulf oil producers, coupled with an anticipated long-term decline among top non-OPEC producing nations should present a sobering picture to government planners within large net importers, such as the US. They are likely to find themselves in much the same supply trap as was experienced in the 1970s, only this time the dependence on foreign oil supplies will be much worse. Gas supplies will not be similarly constrained, and some substitution for oil is probable. Here, two articles, ``World oil industry is set for transition`` and ``Worldwide gas surges forward in next decade,`` present a summary of the findings detailed in Petroconsultants` recent studies.

  10. World Oil Prices and Production Trends in AEO2008 (released in AEO2008)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2008-01-01

    Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO) defines the world oil price as the price of light, low-sulfur crude oil delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma. Since 2003, both "above ground" and "below ground" factors have contributed to a sustained rise in nominal world oil prices, from $31 per barrel in 2003 to $69 per barrel in 2007. The AEO2008 reference case outlook for world oil prices is higher than in the AEO2007 reference case. The main reasons for the adoption of a higher reference case price outlook include continued significant expansion of world demand for liquids, particularly in non-OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, which include China and India; the rising costs of conventional non-OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) supply and unconventional liquids production; limited growth in non-OPEC supplies despite higher oil prices; and the inability or unwillingness of OPEC member countries to increase conventional crude oil production to levels that would be required for maintaining price stability. The Energy Information Administration will continue to monitor world oil price trends and may need to make further adjustments in future AEOs.

  11. Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNaturaldefinesMay 4, Jeffryand63-2006 AprilConsider- DatasetU.S.

  12. Microsoft Word - STEO supplement non-OPEC supply Final-2.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO) Highlights11 1April0 15)5)09 108

  13. Nigeria`s oil production behavior: Tests of alternative hypotheses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Awokuse, T.O.; Jones, C.T.

    1994-12-31

    The sudden quadrupling of world oil prices in 1973-1974 marked the beginning of several formal inquiries by economists into the production behavior of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Interest in the organization was further heightened in 1979 when nominal oil prices further doubled. However, oil market analysts have differed in their evaluation of OPEC`s role in the determination of world oil prices. Most energy economists have modeled OPEC as a cartel. Morris Adelman has suggested that OPEC`s true nature lies somewhere between two polar cases of a dominant-firm industry and an imperfect, market-sharing cartel. In the former case, one large, dominant firm (i.e., Saudi Arabia) serves as the {open_quotes}swing producer,{close_quotes} allowing other cartel members and non-OPEC oil producers to produce whatever they wished, controlling the market price by itself through its own output adjustments. The latter case of an imperfect market-sharing cartel is a loose collusive arrangement in which all members agree on an acceptable price level and individual output shares for each producer. Adelman believes that OPEC wobbles between these two cases, depending upon market conditions.

  14. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The figure below shows the volume and source of imported petroleum to the United States from 1960 to 2013. The countries which are members of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries...

  15. Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    costs (Farzin, 1992; Hanson, 1980; Solow & Wan, 1976), exploration (Pesaran, 1990; Pindyck, 1978; Pindyck, 1980), and drilling activity (Anderson, Kel- logg & Salant, 2014). Cremer and Salehi

  16. Right Handed Quark Mixing in Left-Right Symmetric Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goran Senjanovi?; Vladimir Tello

    2015-01-26

    We give exact formulas for the right-handed analog of the CKM matrix in the minimal Left-Right symmetric theory, for the case when the Left-Right symmetry is generalized Parity as in the original version of the theory. We derive its explicit form and give a physical reason for the known and surprising fact that the right-handed mixing angles are close in value to the CKM ones, in spite of the Left-Right symmetry being badly broken in nature. We exemplify our results on the production of the right-handed charged gauge boson and the computation of the neutral K meson mass difference.

  17. Left invariant control systems The category of left invariant control systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Background Left invariant control systems Summary The category of left invariant control systems systems #12;Background Left invariant control systems Summary Outline 1 Background The language of categories Smooth manifolds Lie groups 2 Left invariant control systems Introduction and construction

  18. Bicyclic semigroups of left I-quotients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghroda, Nassraddin

    2011-01-01

    In this article we study left I-orders in the bicyclic monoid $\\mathcal{B}$. We give necessary and sufficient conditions for a subsemigroup of $\\mathcal{B}$ to be a left I-oreder in $\\mathcal{B}$. We then prove that any left I-order in $\\mathcal{B}$ is straight.

  19. Left-right spin asymmetry in ? N? ? h ?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gamberg, Leonard; Kang, Zhong -Bo; Metz, Andreas; Pitonyak, Daniel; Prokudin, Alexei

    2014-10-01

    We consider the inclusive production of hadrons in lepton-nucleon scattering. For a transversely polarized nucleon this reaction shows a left-right azimuthal asymmetry, which we compute in twist-3 collinear factorization at leading order in perturbation theory. All non-perturbative parton correlators of the calculation are fixed through information from other hard processes. Our results for the left-right asymmetry agree in sign with recent data for charged pion production from the HERMES Collaboration and from Jefferson Lab. However, the magnitude of the computed asymmetries tends to be larger than the data. Potential reasons for this outcome are identified. We also give predictions formore »future experiments and highlight in particular the unique opportunities at an Electron Ion Collider.« less

  20. Left-right spin asymmetry in ?N??hX

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gamberg, Leonard; Kang, Zhong -Bo; Metz, Andreas; Pitonyak, Daniel; Prokudin, Alexei

    2014-10-09

    In this study, we consider the inclusive production of hadrons in lepton-nucleon scattering. For a transversely polarized nucleon this reaction shows a left-right azimuthal asymmetry, which we compute in twist-3 collinear factorization at leading order in perturbation theory. All non-perturbative parton correlators of the calculation are fixed through information from other hard processes. Our results for the left-right asymmetry agree in sign with recent data for charged pion production from the HERMES Collaboration and from Jefferson Lab. However, the magnitude of the computed asymmetries tends to be larger than the data. Potential reasons for this outcome are identified. We alsomore »give predictions for future experiments and highlight in particular the unique opportunities at an Electron Ion Collider.« less

  1. Severe left diaphragmatic hernia limits size of fetal left heart more than right diaphragmatic hernia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    hernia limits size of fetal left heart more than does rightand outcome of left heart hypoplasia in fetal congenitaltowards the right side of the heart may contribute to poorer

  2. Testing left-right symmetric models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Dekens

    2015-05-25

    The difference between left- and right-handed particles is perhaps one of the most puzzling aspects of the Standard Model (SM). In left-right models (LRMs) the symmetry between left- and right-handed particles can be restored at high energy. Due to this symmetry these models are quite predictive with regards to experimental observables, making them interesting beyond the SM candidates. Here we discuss the more symmetric LRMs, the experimental constraints, and the fine-tuning present in the Higgs sector.

  3. Quantum levitation by left-handed metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. Leonhardt; T. G. Philbin

    2007-07-19

    Left-handed metamaterials make perfect lenses that image classical electromagnetic fields with significantly higher resolution than the diffraction limit. Here we consider the quantum physics of such devices. We show that the Casimir force of two conducting plates may turn from attraction to repulsion if a perfect lens is sandwiched between them. For optical left-handed metamaterials this repulsive force of the quantum vacuum may levitate ultra-thin mirrors.

  4. Ethics of Cardiac Transplantation in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kon, Alexander A.

    2009-01-01

    neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Arch PediatrTabbutt S (2007) Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: consensus,for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg 72(6):

  5. Left-Wing Extremism: The Current Threat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karl A. Seger

    2001-04-30

    Left-wing extremism is ''alive and well'' both in the US and internationally. Although the current domestic terrorist threat within the U. S. is focused on right-wing extremists, left-wing extremists are also active and have several objectives. Leftist extremists also pose an espionage threat to U.S. interests. While the threat to the U.S. government from leftist extremists has decreased in the past decade, it has not disappeared. There are individuals and organizations within the U.S. who maintain the same ideology that resulted in the growth of left-wing terrorism in this country in the 1970s and 1980s. Some of the leaders from that era are still communicating from Cuba with their followers in the U.S., and new leaders and groups are emerging.

  6. Constraining the Doublet Left-Right Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luiz Vale Silva

    2015-01-22

    Left-Right Models (LRM) attempt at giving an understanding of the violation of parity (or charge-conjugation) by the weak interactions in the SM through a similar description of left- and right-handed currents at high energies. The spontaneous symmetry breaking of the LRM gauge group is triggered by an enlarged Higgs sector, usually consisting of two triplet fields (left-right symmetry breaking) and a bidoublet (electroweak symmetry breaking). I reconsider an alternative LRM with doublet instead of triplet fields. After explaining some features of this model, I discuss constraints on its parameters using electroweak precision observables (combined using the CKMfitter frequentist statistical framework) and neutral-meson mixing observables.

  7. Surface solitons in left-handed metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. T. Adamashvili; A. Knorr

    2007-09-08

    A theory of self-induced transparency of surface TM-mode propagating along a interface separating conventional and left-handed metamaterials is developed. A transition layer sandwiched between connected media is described using a model of a two-dimensional gas of quantum dots. Explicit analytical expressions for a surface optical soliton in the presence of single and biexciton transitions, depending on the magnetic permeability of the left-handed medium, are obtained with realistic parameters which can be reached in current experiments. It is shown that the sign of the total energy flow the surface mode depends on the material parameters of the quantum dots and the connected media.

  8. THE MAXIMAL LEFT QUOTIENT RINGS OF ALTERNATIVE RINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE MAXIMAL LEFT QUOTIENT RINGS OF ALTERNATIVE RINGS Laura Artacho C´ardenas, Miguel G´omez Lozano1 of (general) left quotient ring of an alternative ring and show the existence of a maximal left quotient ring for every alternative ring which is a left quotient ring of itself. INTRODUCTION The theory of rings

  9. 1 Executive Summary EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    than the expected growth in worldwide oil production, volatility in world oil prices could result to develop indigenous oil resources. Currently, total world oil production is 66 million barrels a day share of world production. NonOPEC oil production is currently increasing at a faster rate (70 percent

  10. Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of cultivation systems.

  11. Miniaturization of a left ventricular assist device 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milios, Gregory Scott

    1996-01-01

    The ventricular assist device under investigation in this study is the multiple disk centrifugal pump developed by Miller [32, 33, 34]. The pump design is based on that invented by Nikola Tesla and is termed the TAMU-MDP pump, standing for the Texas A... of the National Institute of Health (NIH) as being an accurate provider of the typical flow regime and pressure profile experienced by the human heart. As the Tesla pump is intended for use as a left ventricular assist device, only the systemic vasculature has...

  12. Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear left-handed metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear left-handed metamaterials Ilya V. Shadrivov, Alexander A August 21, 2005 We study the second-harmonic generation (SHG) in left-handed metamaterials that this novel parametric process can convert a surface of the left-handed metamaterial into an effective mirror

  13. Modeling the Capacity of Left-Turn and Through Movement Considering Left-Turn Blockage and Spillback at Signalized Intersection with Short Left-Turn Bay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Kyoung Min

    2010-10-12

    This research presents more realistic models for left-turn and through volume capacity by taking into account the probabilistic nature of the left-turn bay blockages and spillbacks at a signalized intersection under the leading phasing scheme with a...

  14. Left-right spin asymmetry in ? N? ? h ?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gamberg, Leonard; Kang, Zhong -Bo; Metz, Andreas; Pitonyak, Daniel; Prokudin, Alexei

    2014-10-01

    We consider the inclusive production of hadrons in lepton-nucleon scattering. For a transversely polarized nucleon this reaction shows a left-right azimuthal asymmetry, which we compute in twist-3 collinear factorization at leading order in perturbation theory. All non-perturbative parton correlators of the calculation are fixed through information from other hard processes. Our results for the left-right asymmetry agree in sign with recent data for charged pion production from the HERMES Collaboration and from Jefferson Lab. However, the magnitude of the computed asymmetries tends to be larger than the data. Potential reasons for this outcome are identified. We also give predictions for future experiments and highlight in particular the unique opportunities at an Electron Ion Collider.

  15. Left-right spin asymmetry in l N ? ? h X

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gamberg, Leonard; Kang, Zhong-Bo; Metz, Andreas; Pitonyak, Daniel; Prokudin, Alexei

    2014-10-01

    We consider the inclusive production of hadrons in lepton-nucleon scattering. For a transversely polarized nucleon this reaction shows a left-right azimuthal asymmetry, which we compute in twist-3 collinear factorization at leading order in perturbation theory. All non-perturbative parton correlators of the calculation are fixed through information from other hard processes. Our results for the left-right asymmetry agree in sign with recent data for charged pion production from the HERMES Collaboration and from Jefferson Lab. However, the magnitude of the computed asymmetries tends to be larger than the data. Potential reasons for this outcome are identified. We also give predictions for future experiments and highlight in particular the unique opportunities at an Electron Ion Collider.

  16. Left-right spin asymmetry in $\\ell N^\\uparrow \\to h X$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard Gamberg; Zhong-Bo Kang; Andreas Metz; Daniel Pitonyak; Alexei Prokudin

    2014-10-10

    We consider the inclusive production of hadrons in lepton-nucleon scattering. For a transversely polarized nucleon this reaction shows a left-right azimuthal asymmetry, which we compute in twist-3 collinear factorization at leading order in perturbation theory. All non-perturbative parton correlators of the calculation are fixed through information from other hard processes. Our results for the left-right asymmetry agree in sign with recent data for charged pion production from the HERMES Collaboration and from Jefferson Lab. However, the magnitude of the computed asymmetries tends to be larger than the data. Potential reasons for this outcome are identified. We also give predictions for future experiments and highlight in particular the unique opportunities at an Electron Ion Collider.

  17. Emissivity of neutrinos in supernova in a left-right symmetric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Gutierrez-Rodriguez; E. Torres-Lomas; A. Gonzalez-Sanchez

    2010-01-03

    We calculate the emissivity due to neutrino-pair production in $e^+e^-$ annihilation in the context of a left-right symmetric model in a way that can be used in supernova calculations. We also present some simple estimates which show that such process can act as an efficient energy-loss mechanism in the shocked supernova core. We find that the emissivity is dependent of the mixing angle $\\phi$ of the model in the allowed range for this parameter.

  18. Bicycles and Left-Right Tours in Locally Finite Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diestel, Reinhard

    Bicycles and Left-Right Tours in Locally Finite Graphs von Melanie Win Myint, M. S. Dem Department-Right Tours 29 6 LRTs Generate the Bicycle Space 43 7 The ABL Planarity Criterion 53 8 Pedestrian Graphs 69 bicycles and some other concepts they relate to, such as left- right tours and pedestrian graphs

  19. Signatures of left-right symmetry at high energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jukka Maalampi

    1993-10-17

    We discuss various experimental tests of the left-right symmetric model possible to perform in the next generation linear colliders. We consider processes which provide sensitive probes of the basic ingredients of the model: right-handed gauge bosons, right-handed Majorana neutrinos, lepton number violating interactions and triplet Higgs scalars. A supersymmetric version of the left-right model is also studied and some distinctive experimental tests for it is proposed. One of the main messages of this talk is to emphasize the usefulness of the collision modes $e^-e^-$, $e^-\\gamma$ and $\\gamma\\gamma$ for the tests of the left-right symmetric model.

  20. Novel electromagnetic radiation in Left-Handed materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jie, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    In this thesis, Cerenkov radiation of a moving charged particle inside a Left-Handed material (LHM) is studied through both theory and numerical simulations. A LHM is a material whose permittivity and permeability have ...

  1. Transmission and reflection properties of layered left-handed materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jianbing James, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the reflection and transmission properties of layered left-handed materials (LHM). In particular, the reflection properties of (LHM) slabs are studied for the Goos-Hanchen (GH) lateral shift ...

  2. SEGMENTATION OF THE EVOLVING LEFT VENTRICLE BY LEARNING THE DYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Çetin, Müjdat

    the left ventricle's proper func- tion, pumping oxygenated blood to the entire body, is vital for nor- mal onto principal components. We use nonparametric, information-theoretic methods to learn statistical

  3. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay: Low Left-Right Symmetry Scale?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miha Nemevsek; Fabrizio Nesti; Goran Senjanovic; Vladimir Tello

    2011-12-20

    Experiments in progress may confirm a nonzero neutrinoless double beta decay rate in conflict with the cosmological upper limit on neutrino masses and thus require new physics beyond the Standard Model. A natural candidate is the Left-Right symmetric theory, which led originally to neutrino mass and the seesaw mechanism. In the absence of cancelations of large Dirac Yukawa couplings, we show how such a scenario would require a low scale of Left-Right symmetry breaking roughly below 10 TeV, tantalizingly close to the LHC reach.

  4. Aberrant Left Inferior Bronchial Artery Originating from the Left Gastric Artery in a Patient with Acute Massive Hemoptysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, Sen Sun, Xi-Wen Yu, Dong Jie, Bing

    2013-10-15

    Massive hemoptysis is a life-threatening condition, and the major source of bleeding in this condition is the bronchial circulation. Bronchial artery embolization is a safe and effective treatment for controlling hemoptysis. However, the sites of origin of the bronchial arteries (BAs) have numerous anatomical variations, which can result in a technical challenge to identify a bleeding artery. We present a rare case of a left inferior BA that originated from the left gastric artery in a patient with recurrent massive hemoptysis caused by bronchiectasis. The aberrant BA was embolized, and hemoptysis has been controlled for 8 months.

  5. LEFT CELLS IN CERTAIN COXETER GROUPS Jian-yi Shi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Jian Yi

    LEFT CELLS IN CERTAIN COXETER GROUPS Jian-yi Shi East China Normal University Dedicated to Professor Hsiao-Fu Duan on His Eightieth Birthday Abstract. A survey is given on the achievements of KL-cell, right and two-sided cells. Thus the description of cells of W and the structural study of these cells

  6. This page intentionally left blank HANDBOOK OF STATISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLeod, Ian

    This page intentionally left blank #12;HANDBOOK OF STATISTICS VOLUME 30 #12;Handbook of Statistics by visiting the Elsevier web site at http://elsevier.com/locate/permissions, and selecting Obtaining permission to use Elsevier material. Notice No responsibility is assumed by the publisher for any injury and

  7. Multivariate Tests Based on Left-Spherically Distributed Linear Scores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magdeburg, Universität

    Multivariate Tests Based on Left-Spherically Distributed Linear In this paper, a method for multivariate testing based on low-dimensional, data- dependent, linear scores approaches. In a natural way, standard problems of multivari- ate analysis thus induce the occurrence

  8. Modeling Left Ventricle Wall Motion Using Tagged Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alenezy, Mohammed D.

    2009-04-17

    A two-parameter computational model is proposed for the study of the regional motion of the left ventricle (LV) wall using tagged magnetic resonance imaging (tMRI) data. In this model, the LV wall motion is mathematically decomposed into two...

  9. Termination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    [24], partial evaluation [1, 48], refining methods for proving the termination of rewriting [8, 9Termination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems Germ´an Vidal Technical University.g., it forms the basis of functional logic languages). Surprisingly, the termination of narrowing has been

  10. Termination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    ], model checking [17], partial evaluation [1, 32], refining methods for proving the terminationTermination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems Germ´an Vidal Technical University in different contexts, ranging from the- orem proving to language design. Surprisingly, the termination of nar

  11. A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Arnold Barry

    2006-04-01

    What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

  12. SEP Success Story: Turkey Hill Dairy: Where Energy is Not Left...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Turkey Hill Dairy: Where Energy is Not Left Flapping in the Wind SEP Success Story: Turkey Hill Dairy: Where Energy is Not Left Flapping in the Wind December 21, 2011 - 11:57am...

  13. Repulsive and restoring Casimir forces with left-handed materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaping Yang; Ran Zeng; Shutian Liu; Hong Chen; Shiyao Zhu

    2008-03-24

    We investigate repulsive Casimir force between slabs containing left-handed materials with controllable electromagnetic properties. The sign of Casimir force is determined by the electric and magnetic properties of the materials, and it is shown that the formation of the repulsive force is related to the wave impedances of two slabs. The sign change of the Casimir force as a function of the distance is studied. Special emphasis is put on the restoring Casimir force which may be found to exist between perfectly conducting material and metamaterial slabs. This restoring force is a natural power for the system oscillation in vacuum and also can be used for system stabilization.

  14. Endovascular Treatment of Two Pseudoaneurysms Originating From the Left Ventricle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cwikiel, Wojciech, E-mail: wcwikiel@gmail.com; Keussen, Inger [Skane University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Sweden)] [Skane University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Sweden); Gustafsson, Ronny; Mokhtari, Arash [Skane University Hospital, Department of Thoracic Surgery (Sweden)] [Skane University Hospital, Department of Thoracic Surgery (Sweden)

    2013-12-15

    A 67-year-old woman resented with an acute type A aortic dissection, which was treated surgically with aortic valve replacement as a composite graft with reimplantation of the coronary arteries. At the end of surgery, a left-ventricular venting catheter was placed through the apex and closed with a buffered suture. Consecutive computed tomography (CT) examinations verified a growing apex pseudoaneurysm. Communication between the ventricle and the pseudoaneurysm was successfully closed with an Amplatz septal plug by the transfemoral route. Follow-up CT showed an additional pseudoaneurysm, which also was successfully closed using the same method.

  15. QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF LEFT VENTRICULAR ROTATIONAL MECHANICS USING MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhe

    2015-01-01

    qualitative and quantitative assessment of left ventricular (LV) myocardial deformation in both research and clinical settings. This thesis

  16. Transmission losses in left-handed materials P. Markos,* I. Rousochatzakis, and C. M. Soukoulis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transmission losses in left-handed materials P. Markos,* I. Rousochatzakis, and C. M. Soukoulis Received 2 June 2002; published 1 October 2002 We numerically analyze the origin of the transmission losses in left-handed structures. Our data confirms that left-handed structures can have very good transmission

  17. New Mixing Angles in the Left-Right Symmetric Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokado, Akira

    2015-01-01

    The left-right symmetric model is characterized by three mixing angles $\\theta _{12}, \\theta_{23}, \\theta_{13}$ between three gauge fields $B_\\mu , W^3_{L\\mu }, W^3_{R\\mu }$, which produce mass eigenstates $A_{\\mu }, Z_{\\mu }, Z'_{\\mu }$. The mass matrix can be diagonal if $\\tan{\\theta _{23}}=-\\sin{\\theta _{12}}\\sin{\\theta_{13}}/\\cos{\\theta_{12}} + O(\\delta )$ , where $\\delta $ is an infinitesimally small parameter associated with the spontaneously broken left-right symmetry. Taking the limit $\\delta \\to 0$, then introducing new variables $s'=\\sin{\\theta _{12}}\\cos{\\theta _{13}}$ and $c'=\\cos{\\theta _{12}}/\\cos{\\theta _{23}}$ with $s'^2 + c'^2 =1$, we show that all gauge boson masses can be expressed in terms of $s', c'$, namely, $M_W =$ 37.3 $/s'$ [Gev/$c^2$] and $M_Z/M_W=1/c'$. Coupling strengths between the proton and the $Z$ boson as well as those of neutrinos and $Z$ can be shown to be expressed by $s' , c'$. All results are completely the same as those of the Weinberg-Salam theory with $SU(2)_{L}\\times ...

  18. Left-right non-linear dynamical Higgs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Jing

    2016-01-01

    All the possible CP-conserving non-linear operators up to the $p^4$-order in the Lagrangian expansion are analysed here for the left-right symmetric model in the non-linear electroweak chiral context coupled to a light dynamical Higgs. The low energy effects will be triggered by an emerging new physics field content in the nature, more specifically, from spin-1 resonances sourced by the straightforward extension of the SM local gauge symmetry to the larger local group $SU(2)_L\\otimes SU(2)_R\\otimes U(1)_{B-L}$. Low energy phenomenology will be altered by integrating out the resonances from the physical spectrum, being manifested through induced corrections onto the left handed operators. Such modifications are weighted by powers of the scales ratio implied by the symmetries of the model and will determine the size of the effective operator basis to be used. The recently observed diboson excess around the invariant mass 1.8-2 TeV entails a scale suppression that suggests to encode the low energy effects via a ...

  19. Left-right supersymmetry after the Higgs boson discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariana Frank; Dilip Kumar Ghosh; Katri Huitu; Santosh Kumar Rai; Ipsita Saha; Harri Waltari

    2014-12-31

    We perform a thorough analysis of the parameter space of the minimal left-right supersymmetric model in agreement with the LHC data. The model contains left- and right-handed fermionic doublets, two Higgs bidoublets, two Higgs triplet representations, and one singlet, insuring a charge-conserving vacuum. We impose the condition that the model complies with the experimental constraints on supersymmetric particles masses and on the doubly-charged Higgs bosons, and require that the parameter space of the model satisfy the LHC data on neutral Higgs signal strengths at $2\\sigma$. We choose benchmark scenarios by fixing some basic parameters and scanning over the rest. The LSP in our scenarios is always the lightest neutralino. We find that the signals for $H\\to \\gamma \\gamma$ and $H \\to VV^\\star$ are correlated, while $H \\to b \\bar b$ is anti-correlated with all the other decay modes, and also that the contribution from singly-charged scalars dominate that of the doubly-charged scalars in $H\\to \\gamma \\gamma$ and $H \\to Z\\gamma$ loops, contrary to Type-II seesaw models. We also illustrate the range for mass spectrum of the LRSUSY model in light of planned measurements of the branching ratio of $H\\to \\gamma \\gamma$ to 10% level.

  20. Front, left to right: Mark Handy, Tuncay Taymaz, Jean-Pierre Brun, Walter Mooney. Back, left to right: Patience Cowie, Christian Teyssier, Alain Vauchez, Kevin Furlong,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowie, Patience

    Front, left to right: Mark Handy, Tuncay Taymaz, Jean-Pierre Brun, Walter Mooney. Back, left transitions occur? Identifying these basic questions is straightforward, but answering them is prob- lematic area in back- ground shows the large range of conditions for faulting, from nucleation and localiza

  1. Transjugular Intrahepatic Porto-Systemic Shunt Placement in a Patient with Left-Lateral Split-Liver Transplant and Mesenterico-Left Portal Vein by Pass Placement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miraglia, Roberto Maruzzelli, Luigi; Luca, Angelo

    2011-12-15

    This is a report of a successful placement of a transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt in a young patient with previous left-lateral, split-liver transplant and mesenterico-left portal vein by pass placement after posttransplant extrahepatic portal vein thrombosis.

  2. Electron Beam Instability in Left-Handed Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yury P. Bliokh; Sergey Savel'ev; Franco Nori

    2008-04-08

    We predict that two electron beams can develop an instability when passing through a slab of left-handed media (LHM). This instability, which is inherent only for LHM, originates from the backward Cherenkov radiation and results in a self-modulation of the beams and radiation of electromagnetic waves. These waves leave the sample via the rear surface of the slab (the beam injection plane) and form two shifted bright circles centered at the beams. A simulated spectrum of radiation has well-separated lines on top of a broad continuous spectrum, which indicates dynamical chaos in the system. The radiation intensity and its spectrum can be controlled either by the beams' current or by the distance between the two beams.

  3. LEFT CELLS IN THE AFFINE WEYL GROUP OF TYPE F4 Jian-yi Shi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Jian Yi

    LEFT CELLS IN THE AFFINE WEYL GROUP OF TYPE F4 Jian-yi Shi Max-Planck-Institut f¨ur Mathematik.R.C. Abstract. By applying an algorithm designed before, we complete the description for all the left cells of the affine Weyl group Wa of type F4 by finding a representative set of its left cells together with all its

  4. Reform or Radicalism: Left Social Movements from the Battle of Seattle to Occupy Wall Street

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, James K; Carroll, Myles

    2014-01-01

    abstract antipathy towards ‘tepid reform’ and ‘unrealisticReform or Radicalism: Left Social Movements from the Battledynamism between radical and reform wings drove gains. This

  5. Negative Refraction and Left-Handed Electromagnetism in Microwave Photonic Crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sridhar, Srinivas

    Negative Refraction and Left-Handed Electromagnetism in Microwave Photonic Crystals P.V. Parimi,1 W refraction observed corresponds to left-handed electromagnetism that arises due to the dispersion properties of materials that are transparent to electromagnetic (EM) waves can be characterized by an index

  6. Optimal Switching with Quasi-Left-Continuous Switching Costs that Can Change Sign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    Optimal Switching with Quasi-Left-Continuous Switching Costs that Can Change Sign Randall Martyr of Mathematics, The University of Manchester #12;Optimal switching with quasi-left-continuous switching costs switching over multiple modes on a finite-horizon in contin- uous time. The performance index includes

  7. THE ALTERNATING GREEDY EXPANSION AND APPLICATIONS TO COMPUTING DIGIT EXPANSIONS FROM LEFT-TO-RIGHT IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heuberger, Clemens

    THE ALTERNATING GREEDY EXPANSION AND APPLICATIONS TO COMPUTING DIGIT EXPANSIONS FROM LEFT-TO-RIGHT curve. We give two algorithms to compute such a minimal joint expansion from left to right. To this aim and algorithms. In the second part, we apply it to give an algorithm for computing a joint expansion of d

  8. Direct dating of left-lateral deformation along the Red River shear zone, China and Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Direct dating of left-lateral deformation along the Red River shear zone, China and Vietnam Lisa D-lateral shearing. Data from the southern RRSZ within Vietnam are complicated by Tertiary overprinting of rocks dating of left-lateral deformation along the Red River shear zone, China and Vietnam, J. Geophys. Res

  9. God's Left Eye Closes in Vietnam And Re-Opens in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zordan, Victor

    God's Left Eye Closes in Vietnam And Re-Opens in California Caodaism's Transpacific Transformations Caodaism is a new religion revealed to a group of colonized intellectuals in southern Vietnam in 1926 who documentaries (distributed by www.der.org), including "The Left Eye of God: Caodaism Travels from Vietnam

  10. Bicycles and left-right tours in locally finite Henning Bruhn Stefanie Kosuch Melanie Win Myint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diestel, Reinhard

    Bicycles and left-right tours in locally finite graphs Henning Bruhn Stefanie Kosuch Melanie Win Myint Abstract We extend three results involving bicycles and left-right tours to infi- nite, locally-right tours generate the bicycle space and the planarity criterion of Archdeacon, Bonnington and Little

  11. This page intentionally left blank. California Solar Initiative, CPUC Staff Progress Report, April 2008 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ....................................................................................................... 38 5.10 SGIP Funding and Solar Reservations as a Transition into CSI#12;This page intentionally left blank. California Solar Initiative, CPUC Staff Progress Report................................................................................................................ 5 2. Go Solar California! Overview

  12. A Recipe for Construction of the Critical Vertices for Left-Sector Stability of Interval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Recipe for Construction of the Critical Vertices for Left-Sector Stability of Interval polynomials. This paper provides a recipe for construction of these critical vertices. Illustrative examples

  13. Guidelines for left-turn bays at unsignalized access locations on arterial roadways 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawley, Patrick Emmett

    1994-01-01

    It has long been recognized that effective access management along arterial streets can alleviate traffic congestion. A major goal within access management is to limit the speed differential between turning and through vehicles. Left-turn bays...

  14. LEFT VERSUS RIGHT HEMISPHERE DIFFERENCES IN BRAIN CONNECTIVITY: 4-TESLA HARDI TRACTOGRAPHY IN 569 TWINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    LEFT VERSUS RIGHT HEMISPHERE DIFFERENCES IN BRAIN CONNECTIVITY: 4-TESLA HARDI TRACTOGRAPHY IN 569) and 112 adolescents (age 12-16) with 4-Tesla 105-gradient high- angular resolution diffusion imaging. We

  15. Examining Associations between Emotional Facial Expressions, Relative Left Frontal Cortical Activity, and Task Persistence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Thomas

    2012-10-19

    Past research associated relative left frontal cortical activity with approach motivation, or the inclination to move toward a stimulus, as well as positive affect. Work with anger, a negative emotion often high in approach, helped clarify the role...

  16. Novel properties of wave propagation in biaxially anisotropic left-handed materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian Qi Shen

    2003-07-05

    Some physically interesting properties and effects of wave propagation in biaxially anisotropic left-handed materials are investigated in this paper. We show that in the biaxially gyrotropic left-handed material, the left-right coupling of circularly polarized light arises due to the negative indices in permittivity and permeability tensors of gyrotropic media. It is well known that the geometric phases of photons inside a curved fiber in previous experiments often depend on the cone angles of solid angles subtended by a curve traced by the direction of wave vector of light, at the center of photon momentum space. Here, however, for the light propagating inside certain anisotropic left-handed media we will present a different geometric phase that is independent of the cone angles. The extra phases of electromagnetic wave resulting from the instantaneous helicity inversion at the interfaces between left- and right- handed (LRH) media is also studied in detail by using the Lewis-Riesenfeld invariant theory. Some interesting applications (e.g., controllable position-dependent frequency shift, detection of quantum-vacuum geometric phases and helicity reversals at the LRH interfaces etc.) of above effects and phenomena in left-handed media is briefly discussed.

  17. AN OPERATOR IS A PRODUCT OF TWO QUASINILPOTENT OPERATORS IFF IT IS NOT SEMIFREDHOLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Vladimír

    AN OPERATOR IS A PRODUCT OF TWO QUASI­NILPOTENT OPERATORS IFF IT IS NOT SEMI­FREDHOLM ROMAN operators. The essential spectrum #27; e (T ), left essential spectrum #27; le (T ) and right essential spectrum #27; re (T ) of an operator T 2 B(H) is defined as the spectrum, left spectrum and right spectrum

  18. World Oil Price Cases (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    World oil prices in Annual Energy Outlook 2005 are set in an environment where the members of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) are assumed to act as the dominant producers, with lower production costs than other supply regions or countries. Non-OPEC oil producers are assumed to behave competitively, producing as much oil as they can profitability extract at the market price for oil. As a result, the OPEC member countries will be able effectively to set the price of oil when they can act in concert by varying their aggregate production. Alternatively, OPEC members could target a fixed level of production and let the world market determine the price.

  19. Exploring the Doubly Charged Higgs of the Left-Right Symmetric Model using Vector Boson Fusion-like Events at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhaskar Dutta; Ricardo Eusebi; Yu Gao; Tathagata Ghosh; Teruki Kamon

    2015-06-11

    This paper studies the pair production of the doubly charged Higgs boson of the left-right symmetric models using multilepton final state in the vector boson fusion (VBF)-like processes. The study is performed in the framework consistent with the model's correction to the standard model $\\rho_{EW}$ parameter. VBF topological cuts, number of leptons in the final state and $p_T$ cuts on the leptons are found to be effective in suppressing the background. Significant mass reach can be achieved for exclusion/discovery of the doubly charge Higgs boson for the upcoming LHC run with a luminosity of $\\mathcal{O}(10^3)$ fb$^{-1}$.

  20. Generation of spherically symmetric metrics in $f\\left( R\\right) $ gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Amirabi; M. Halilsoy; S. Habib Mazharimousavi

    2015-09-29

    In $D-$dimensional spherically symmetric $f\\left( R\\right) $ gravity there are three unknown functions to be determined from the fourth order differential equations. It is shown that the system remarkably integrates to relate two functions through the third one to provide reduction to second order equations accompanied with a large class of potential solutions. The third function which acts as the generator of the process is $F\\left( R\\right) =\\frac{df\\left( R\\right) }{dR}.$ As particular examples, besides known ones, we obtain new black hole solutions in any dimension $D$. We further extend our analysis to cover particularly chosen non-zero energy-momentum tensors.

  1. Generation of spherically symmetric metrics in $f\\left( R\\right) $ gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amirabi, Z; Mazharimousavi, S Habib

    2015-01-01

    In $D-$dimensional spherically symmetric $f\\left( R\\right) $ gravity there are three unknown functions to be determined from the fourth order differential equations. It is shown that the system remarkably integrates to relate two functions through the third one to provide reduction to second order equations accompanied with a large class of potential solutions. The third function which acts as the generator of the process is $F\\left( R\\right) =\\frac{df\\left( R\\right) }{dR}.$ As particular examples, besides known ones, we obtain new black hole solutions in any dimension $D$. We further extend our analysis to cover particularly chosen non-zero energy-momentum tensors.

  2. On left Hopf algebras within the framework of inhomogeneous quantum groups for particle algebras

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez-Romo, Suemi [Facultad de Estudios Superiores Cuautitlan, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

    2012-10-15

    We deal with some matters needed to construct concrete left Hopf algebras for inhomogeneous quantum groups produced as noncommutative symmetries of fermionic and bosonic creation/annihilation operators. We find a map for the bidimensional fermionic case, produced as in Manin's [Quantum Groups and Non-commutative Hopf Geometry (CRM Univ. de Montreal, 1988)] seminal work, named preantipode that fulfills all the necessary requirements to be left but not right on the generators of the algebra. Due to the complexity and importance of the full task, we consider our result as an important step that will be extended in the near future.

  3. Pottery Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Paul T.

    2009-01-01

    Paul T. Nicholson. ) Pottery Production, Nicholson, UEE 2009Short Citation: Nicholson 2009, Pottery Production. UEE.Paul T. , 2009, Pottery Production. In Willeke Wendrich (

  4. Cordage Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veldmeijer, André J.

    2009-01-01

    294: fig. 15-3). Cordage Production, Veldmeijer, UEE 2009Short Citation: Veldmeijer, 2009, Cordage Production. UEE.André J. , 2009, Cordage Production. In Willeke Wendrich (

  5. Glass Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shortland, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    40, pp. 162 - 186. Glass Production, Shortland, UEE 2009AINES Short Citation: Shortland 2009, Glass Production. UEE.Andrew, 2009, Glass Production. In Willeke Wendrich (ed. ),

  6. Two Molecular Models of Initial Left-Right Asymmetry Generation Michael Levin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Michael

    Two Molecular Models of Initial Left-Right Asymmetry Generation Michael Levin1 , Ph.D. and Nanette activity of Cx43 gap junctions within key cells sets up electric potentials in multi-cellular fields, thus is the most fundamental process in embryogenesis because it lays a foundation and provides a context for all

  7. Crash Analysis of Work Zone Lane Closures with Left-Hand Merge and Downstream Lane Shift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    See, Chen Fei

    2008-07-17

    these projects were underway, a new lane closure method, the "Iowa weave," or lane closure with a left-hand merge and lane shift, was introduced to AHTD to effectively save time ensuring that these IRP projects were completed on schedule. Contractors...

  8. An evaluation of pavement markings and raised pavement markers at left exit lane drops 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lance, Marty Tina

    1994-01-01

    Most highway engineers agree that freeway exit lane drops create problems in terms of safety and efficiency. A driver can create a hazardous situation when making a sudden lane change out of or into an exit-only lane. Since left exits already...

  9. Imaging the electromechanical wave activation of the left ventricle in vivo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konofagou, Elisa E.

    Imaging the electromechanical wave activation of the left ventricle in vivo Elisa Konofagou1, Visualsonics, Inc.) in order to better explore the electromechanical coupling within the heart muscle that through electromechanical coupling, motion estimation at high frame rates may yield a novel non

  10. WHAT IS CLIMATE CHANGE? We have left the Holocene and entered a new epoch, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baez, John

    WHAT IS CLIMATE CHANGE? #12;We have left the Holocene and entered a new epoch, the Anthropocene, climate change is part of a more significant challenge: adapting to the Anthropocene. We can expect, when the biosphere is rapidly changing due to human activities. Global warming is just part

  11. Introduction Image models Camera coordinate space Registration and minimization What's left Who Painted this Painting?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broughton, S. Allen

    Painted this Painting? A Project in Image Registration S. Allen Broughton - Rose-Hulman Institute Registration and minimization What's left Where did this project come from? the unknown painting I received a "painting of unknown origin" which he suspects was painted by a "very famous painter". The only possible

  12. Left-Right Gauge Symmetry at the TeV Energy Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernest Ma

    1994-11-28

    Two first examples beyond the standard model are given which exhibit left-right symmetry (g_L = g_R) and supersymmetry at a few TeV, together with gauge-coupling unification at around 10^{16} GeV.

  13. AN OPERATOR IS A PRODUCT OF TWO QUASI-NILPOTENT OPERATORS IFF IT IS NOT SEMI-FREDHOLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Vladimír

    AN OPERATOR IS A PRODUCT OF TWO QUASI-NILPOTENT OPERATORS IFF IT IS NOT SEMI-FREDHOLM ROMAN operators. The essential spectrum e(T), left essential spectrum le(T) and right essential spectrum re(T) of an operator T B(H) is defined as the spectrum, left spectrum and right spectrum of the class T + K

  14. Left-right models with light neutrino mass prediction and dominant neutrinoless double beta decay rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. K. Parida; Sudhanwa Patra

    2013-01-14

    In TeV scale left-right symmetric models, new dominant predictions to neutrinoless double beta decay and light neutrino masses are in mutual contradiction because of large contribution to the latter through popular seesaw mechanisms. We show that in a class of left-right models with high-scale parity restoration, these results coexist without any contravention with neutrino oscillation data and the relevant formula for light neutrino masses is obtained via gauged inverse seesaw mechanism. The most dominant contribution to the double beta decay is shown to be via $W^-_L- W^-_R$ mediation involving both light and heavy neutrino exchanges, and the model predictions are found to discriminate whether the Dirac neutrino mass is of quark-lepton symmetric origin or without it. We also discuss associated lepton flavor violating decays.

  15. Left-Right Symmetric Models at the High-Intensity Frontier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castillo-Felisola, Oscar; Helo, Juan C; Kovalenko, Sergey G; Ortiz, Sebastian E

    2015-01-01

    We study constraints on Left-Right Symmetric models from searches of semileptonic decays of $D$, $D_{s}$, $B$ mesons, mediated by heavy neutrinos $N$ with masses $m_N\\sim $ GeV that go on their mass shell leading to a resonant enhancement of the rates. Using these processes we examine, as a function of $m_N$ and $M_{W_R}$, the physics reach of the recently proposed high-intensity beam dump experiment SHiP, which is expected to produce a large sample of $D_s$ mesons. We compare these results with the corresponding reach of neutrinoless double beta decay experiments, as well as like-sign dilepton searches with displaced vertices at the LHC. We conclude that the SHiP experiment has clear advantages in probing the Left-Right Symmetric models for heavy neutrinos in the GeV mass range.

  16. State Legislative Reactions to No Child Left Behind: Education Leaders in Three States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, William Jay

    2010-07-29

    the issues…” (NCEE, 1983, p.33). Kenneth Wong suggested “NAR principles on school quality and standards play an important role in reshaping the way the federal 15 government designs its largest program in elementary and secondary education, Title I... wasted tax dollars, but wasted chances to help those most in need” (Vinovskis, 1999, p.201). Legislators, educators, parents, and students have voiced their concern that the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has clearly been in need of serious repair...

  17. Left-Right Symmetry: From the LHC to Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tello, Vladimir [SISSA, Trieste (Italy); Nemevsek, Miha [ICTP, Trieste (Italy); Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Nesti, Fabrizio [Universita di Ferrara, Ferrara (Italy); Senjanovic, Goran [ICTP, Trieste (Italy); Vissani, Francesco [LNGS, INFN, Assergi (Italy)

    2011-04-15

    The Large Hadron Collider has the potential to probe the scale of left-right symmetry restoration and the associated lepton number violation. Moreover, it offers the hope of measuring the right-handed leptonic mixing matrix. We show how this, together with constraints from lepton flavor violating processes, can be used to make predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay. We illustrate this connection in the case of the type-II seesaw.

  18. Left-Right Symmetry: from LHC to Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Tello; Miha Nemevsek; Fabrizio Nesti; Goran Senjanovi?; Francesco Vissani

    2011-03-29

    The Large Hadron Collider has a potential to probe the scale of left-right symmetry restoration and the associated lepton number violation. Moreover, it offers hope of measuring the right-handed leptonic mixing matrix. We show how this, together with constraints from lepton flavor violating processes, can be used to make predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay. We illustrate this deep connection in the case of the type-II seesaw.

  19. Refine your search Select options from the menu on the left hand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    ://psu.summon.serialssolutions.comhttp://psu.summon.serialssolutions.com F I N A L LY : RESEARCH AS EASYAS 1-2-3 #12;1 Enter search term into search box. 2 Refine results relevant articles were published in that year. Include or Exclude subject terms from your searchRefine your search Select options from the menu on the left hand side of the results screen

  20. Rare top quark decays in Alternative Left-Right Symmetric Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaitan, R.; Miranda, O. G.; Cabral-Rosetti, L. G.

    2007-06-19

    We evaluate the flavor changing neutral currents (FCNC) decay t {yields} H0 + c in the context of Alternative Left-Right symmetric Models (ALRM) with extra isosinglet heavy fermions; the FCNC decays may place at tree level and are only supressed by the mixing between ordinary top and charm quarks. We also comment on the decay process t {yields} c + {gamma}, which involves radiative corrections.

  1. Sophie CHEMLA , Fabio GAVARINI , Niels KOWALZIG "Duality features of left Hopf algebroids"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavarini, Fabio

    already starts on a rather fundamental level: instead of one dual, a left bialgebroid U rather possesses¨urich, 1966/67), Springer, Berlin, 1969, pp. 119­140. [B] G. B¨ohm, Hopf algebroids, in: Handbook of algebra`ebres, expos´es 4, 5, in: S´eminaire Sophus Lie, vol. 2 (1955­1956), Facult`e des Sciences de Paris, Paris

  2. Ubiquitous CP violation in a top-inspired left-right model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken Kiers; Jeff Kolb; John Lee; Amarjit Soni; Guo-Hong Wu

    2002-05-08

    We explore CP violation in a Left-Right Model that reproduces the quark mass and CKM rotation angle hierarchies in a relatively natural way by fixing the bidoublet Higgs VEVs to be in the ratio m_b:m_t. Our model is quite general and allows for CP to be broken by both the Higgs VEVs and the Yukawa couplings. Despite this generality, CP violation may be parameterized in terms of two basic phases. A very interesting feature of the model is that the mixing angles in the right-handed sector are found to be equal to their left-handed counterparts to a very good approximation. Furthermore, the right-handed analogue of the usual CKM phase delta_L is found to satisfy the relation delta_R \\approx delta_L. The parameter space of the model is explored by using an adaptive Monte Carlo algorithm and the allowed regions in parameter space are determined by enforcing experimental constraints from the K and B systems. This method of solution allows us to evaluate the left- and right-handed CKM matrices numerically for various combinations of the two fundamental CP-odd phases in the model. We find that all experimental constraints may be satisfied with right-handed W and Flavour Changing Neutral Higgs masses as low as about 2 TeV and 7 TeV, respectively.

  3. World oil flow slips in 1991 amid Mideast, U. S. S. R. woes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.

    1992-03-09

    World crude oil production slipped 0.9% in 1991 to average 59,964 million b/d. This paper reports that production declines related to war damage in Kuwait, United Nations sanctions on exports from Iraq, and oil sector woes in the crumbling U.S.S.R. were almost offset by higher production from other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC crude production rose 0.6% in 1991 to average 23.425 million b/d, and non-OPEC output fell 1.9% to average 36.539 million b/d in 1991. Excluding the U.S.S.R., non-OPEC production moved up 1.5% to average 26.239 million b/d. World demand inched up about 200,000 b/d, estimates International Energy Agency, and IEA data show about 300,000 b/d was added to stocks in 1991. World crude prices started 1991 at their highest level, then fell off to average $17.82/bbl, down 16.5% from 1990 levels. Meantime, a slight increase in demand is predicted for 1992, and price stability again hinges on OPEC's ability to limit production.

  4. Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation for the Treatment of Liver Neoplasms in the Caudate Lobe Left of the Vena Cava: Electrode Placement Through the Left Lobe of the Liver Under CT-Fluoroscopic Guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamakado, Koichiro, E-mail: yama@clin.medic.mie-u.ac.jp; Nakatsuka, Atsuhiro; Akeboshi, Masao; Takaki, Haruyuki; Takeda, Kan [Mie University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2005-06-15

    Five hepatocellular carcinomas and one liver metastasis located in the caudate lobe left of the inferior vena cava were successfully treated by radiofrequency (RF) ablation by placing the RF electrode into each tumor through the left lobe of the liver under the CT-fluoroscopic guidance. All tumors were free of enhancement on dynamic contrast-enhanced CT during the mean follow-up period of 6.3 months. There were no major complications related to the procedures.

  5. 31 October 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    31 October 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER - FOREST SECTOR, at back left, of the Gainesville Renewable Energy Center is shown in this Aug. 21, 2013 file photo. Doug.m. Last Modified: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 4:01 p.m. The Gainesville Renewable Energy Center announced

  6. CP violation from spin-1 resonances in a left-right dynamical Higgs context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yepes, Juan; Shu, Jing

    2015-01-01

    New physics field content in the nature, more specifically, from spin-1 resonances sourced by the extension of the SM local gauge symmetry to the larger local group $SU(2)_L\\otimes SU(2)_R\\otimes U(1)_{B-L}$, may induce CP-violation signalling NP effects from higher energy regimes. In this work we completely list and study all the CP-violating operators up to the $p^4$-order in the Lagrangian expansion, for a non-linear left-right electroweak chiral context and coupled to a light dynamical Higgs.

  7. Coffin v. Left Hand Ditch Co., 6 Colo. 443 (1882) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) JumpIowa: EnergyEnergy InformationGeorgia:Coffeyv. Left

  8. Production of heavy flavor and photons on high-energy colliders, and rare decays of heavy mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Production of heavy flavor and photons on high-energy colliders, and rare decays of heavy mesons (FCNC) decay ¯B0 ¯K0 e+ e- K- + e+ e-. Prompt photon production in pp (p¯p) collisions. Production s transition? Observation: in the SM, the photons, produced in the decay b s, are mainly left-handed polarized

  9. Cover photo credits: Clockwise from top left Dave Marci, file photo, file photo, Blair E. Witherington. Background file photo.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Cover photo credits: Clockwise from top left ­ Dave Marci, file photo, file photo, Blair E. Witherington. Background ­ file photo. #12;Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Phase II Early Restoration Plan

  10. Cover photo credits: Clockwise from top left Dave Marci, file photo, file photo, Blair E. Witherington. Background file photo.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;Cover photo credits: Clockwise from top left ­ Dave Marci, file photo, file photo, Blair E. Witherington. Background ­ file photo. #12;Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Phase II Early Restoration Plan

  11. The left cells with a-values 5,6 in the affine Weyl group E8 Qian Huang and Jian-yi Shi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Jian Yi

    The left cells with a-values 5,6 in the affine Weyl group E8 Qian Huang and Jian-yi Shi Abstract. We describe all the left cells of a-values 5, 6 in the affine Weyl group eE8 in the paper. More precisely, we show that each of those left cells is left-connected, verifying a conjecture of Lusztig in our

  12. Source Selection Select which source is to be displayed on the left, right, or both projector screens and/or computer monitors.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    screens and/or computer monitors. · Computer: Image Left / Image Right ­ select to use the podium's built the left half of the computer's desktop or Image Right for the right half of the computer's desktop) · DVD Source Selection Select which source is to be displayed on the left, right, or both projector

  13. Nonlinear coupling of left and right handed circularly polarized dispersive Alfvén wave

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, R. P., E-mail: rpsharma@ces.iitd.ac.in; Sharma, Swati, E-mail: swati.sharma704@gmail.com; Gaur, Nidhi, E-mail: nidhiphysics@gmail.com [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)

    2014-07-15

    The nonlinear phenomena are of prominent interests in understanding the particle acceleration and transportation in the interplanetary space. The ponderomotive nonlinearity causing the filamentation of the parallel propagating circularly polarized dispersive Alfvén wave having a finite frequency may be one of the mechanisms that contribute to the heating of the plasmas. The contribution will be different of the left (L) handed mode, the right (R) handed mode, and the mix mode. The contribution also depends upon the finite frequency of the circularly polarized waves. In the present paper, we have investigated the effect of the nonlinear coupling of the L and R circularly polarized dispersive Alfvén wave on the localized structures formation and the respective power spectra. The dynamical equations are derived in the presence of the ponderomotive nonlinearity of the L and R pumps and then studied semi-analytically as well as numerically. The ponderomotive nonlinearity accounts for the nonlinear coupling between both the modes. In the presence of the adiabatic response of the density fluctuations, the nonlinear dynamical equations satisfy the modified nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The equations thus obtained are solved in solar wind regime to study the coupling effect on localization and the power spectra. The effect of coupling is also studied on Faraday rotation and ellipticity of the wave caused due to the difference in the localization of the left and the right modes with the distance of propagation.

  14. Three-dimensional structure of the flow inside the left ventricle of the human heart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortini, S; Espa, S; Cenedese, A

    2014-01-01

    The laboratory models of the human heart left ventricle developed in the last decades gave a valuable contribution to the comprehension of the role of the fluid dynamics in the cardiac function and to support the interpretation of the data obtained in vivo. Nevertheless, some questions are still open and new ones stem from the continuous improvements in the diagnostic imaging techniques. Many of these unresolved issues are related to the three-dimensional structure of the left-ventricular flow during the cardiac cycle. In this paper we investigated in detail this aspect using a laboratory model. The ventricle was simulated by a flexible sack varying its volume in time according to a physiologically shaped law. Velocities measured during several cycles on series of parallel planes, taken from two orthogonal points of view, were combined together in order to reconstruct the phase averaged, three-dimensional velocity field. During the diastole, three main steps are recognized in the evolution of the vortical str...

  15. On neutrinoless double beta decay in the minimal left-right symmetric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei-Chih Huang; J. Lopez-Pavon

    2014-04-14

    We analyze the general phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay in the minimal left-right symmetric model. We study under which conditions a New Physics dominated neutrinoless double beta decay signal can be expected in the future experiments. We show that the correlation among the different contributions to the process, which arises from the neutrino mass generation mechanism, can play a crucial role. We have found that, if no fine tuned cancellation is involved in the light active neutrino contribution, a New Physics signal can be expected mainly from the $W_R-W_R$ channel. An interesting exception is the $W_L-W_R$ channel which can give a dominant contribution to the process if the right-handed neutrino spectrum is hierarchical with $M_1\\lesssim$ MeV and $M_2,M_3\\gtrsim$ GeV. We also discuss if a New Physics signal in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments is compatible with the existence of a successful Dark Matter candidate in the left-right symmetric models. It turns out that, although it is not a generic feature of the theory, it is still possible to accommodate such a signal with a KeV sterile neutrino as Dark matter.

  16. Left-right symmetry at LHC and precise 1-loop low energy data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabortty, J; Sevillano, R; Szafron, R

    2012-01-01

    Despite many tests, even the Minimal Manifest Left-Right Symmetric Model (MLRSM) has never been ultimately confirmed or falsified. LHC gives a new possibility to test directly the most conservative version of left-right symmetric models at so far not reachable energy scales. If we take into account precise limits on the model which come from low energy processes, like the muon decay, possible LHC signals are strongly limited through the correlations of parameters among heavy neutrinos, heavy gauge bosons and heavy Higgs particles. To illustrate the situation in the context of LHC, we consider the "golden" process $pp \\to e^+ N$. For instance, in a case of degenerate heavy neutrinos and heavy Higgs masses at 10 TeV (in agreement with FCNC bounds) we get $\\sigma(pp \\to e^+ N)>10$ fb at $\\sqrt{s}=14$ TeV which is consistent with muon decay data for a very limited $W_2$ masses in the range (1970 GeV, 2050 GeV). Without restrictions coming from the muon data, $W_2$ masses would be in the range (1.0 TeV, 3.5 TeV). ...

  17. Strong P invariance, neutron EDM and minimal Left-Right parity at LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessio Maiezza; Miha Nemevšek

    2014-10-15

    In the minimal Left-Right model the choice of left-right symmetry is twofold: either generalized parity $\\mathcal P$ or charge conjugation $\\mathcal C$. In the minimal model with spontaneously broken strict $\\mathcal P$, a large tree-level contribution to strong CP violation can be computed in terms of the spontaneous phase $\\alpha$. Searches for the neutron electric dipole moments then constrain the size of $\\alpha$. Following the latest update on indirect CP violation in the kaon sector, a bound on $W_R$ mass at $20 \\text{TeV}$ is set. Possible ways out of this bound, either by an additional relaxation mechanism or explicit breaking of $\\mathcal P$ are considered. To this end, the chiral loop of the neutron electric dipole moment at next-to-leading order is re-computed and provides an estimate of the weak contribution. Combining this constraint with other CP violating observables in the kaon sector allows for $M_{W_R} \\gtrsim 3 \\text{TeV}$. On the other hand, $\\mathcal C$-symmetry is free from such constraints, leaving the right-handed scale within the experimental reach.

  18. Cosmic strings in $f\\left(R,L_m\\right)$ gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiberiu Harko; Matthew J. Lake

    2015-09-27

    We consider Kasner-type static, cylindrically symmetric interior string solutions in the $f\\left(R,L_m\\right)$ theory of modified gravity. The physical properties of the string are described by an anisotropic energy-momentum tensor satisfying the condition $T_t^t=T_z^z$; that is, the energy density of the string along the $z$-axis is equal to minus the string tension. As a first step in our study we obtain the gravitational field equations in the $f\\left(R,L_m\\right)$ theory for a general static, cylindrically symmetric metric, and then for a Kasner-type metric, in which the metric tensor components have a power law dependence on the radial coordinate $r$. String solutions in two particular modified gravity models are investigated in detail. The first is the so-called "exponential" modified gravity, in which the gravitational action is proportional to the exponential of the sum of the Ricci scalar and matter Lagrangian, and the second is the "self-consistent model", obtained by explicitly determining the gravitational action from the field equations under the assumption of a power law dependent matter Lagrangian. In each case, the thermodynamic parameters of the string, as well as the precise form of the matter Lagrangian, are explicitly obtained.

  19. Synthesis and Analysis of Product-form Petri Nets Serge Haddad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    generally untractable. Being first introduced in queueing networks, it has been adapted to Markovian PetriSynthesis and Analysis of Product-form Petri Nets Serge Haddad ENS Cachan, LSV, CNRS UMR 8643 nets. Here we address three relevant issues for product-form Petri nets which were left fully

  20. Phenomenological Aspects of TeV Scale Alternative Left-Right Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Ashry; S. Khalil

    2014-12-19

    We revisit the alternative left-right symmetric model, motivated by superstring-inspired $E_6$ model. We systematically analyze the constraints imposed by theoretical and experimental bounds on the parameter space of this class of models. We perform a comprehensive analysis of the Higgs sector and show that three neutral CP-even and two CP-odd Higgs bosons in addition to two charged Higgs bosons can be light, of ${\\cal O}(100)$ GeV. We emphasise that our model has a potential to account for the recent Large Hadron Collider results for signal strength of Higgs decays. We also explore discovery signatures of the exotic down-type quark, which is one of the salient predictions of this model.

  1. Generalized Virasoro algebra: left-symmetry and related algebraic and hydrodynamic properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou; Partha Guha; Tudor Ratiu

    2015-10-13

    Motivated by the work of Kupershmidt (J. Nonlin. Math. Phys. 6 (1998), 222 --245) we discuss the occurrence of left symmetry in a generalized Virasoro algebra. The multiplication rule is defined, which is necessary and sufficient for this algebra to be quasi-associative. Its link to geometry and nonlinear systems of hydrodynamic type is also recalled. Further, the criteria of skew-symmetry, derivation and Jacobi identity making this algebra into a Lie algebra are derived. The coboundary operators are defined and discussed. We deduce the hereditary operator and its generalization to the corresponding $3-$ary bracket. Further, we derive the so-called $\\rho-$compatibility equation and perform a phase-space extension. Finally, concrete relevant particular cases are investigated.

  2. Rare top quark and Higgs boson decays in alternative left-right symmetric models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaitan, R.; Miranda, O.G.; Cabral-Rosetti, L.G.

    2005-08-01

    Top quark and Higgs boson decays induced by flavor-changing neutral currents (FCNC) are very much suppressed in the standard model. Their detection in colliders such as the Large Hadron Collider, Next Linear Collider, or Tevatron would be a signal of new physics. We evaluate the FCNC decays t{yields}H{sup 0}+c, t{yields}Z+c, and H{sup 0}{yields}t+c in the context of alternative left-right symmetric models with extra isosinglet heavy fermions; in this case, FCNC decays occur at tree level, and they are suppressed only by the mixing between ordinary top and charm quarks, which is poorly constrained by current experimental values. This provides the possibility for future colliders either to detect new physics or to improve present bounds on the parameters of the model.

  3. Intrahepatic Left to Right Portoportal Venous Collateral Vascular Formation in Patients Undergoing Right Portal Vein Ligation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lienden, K. P. van; Hoekstra, L. T.; Bennink, R. J.; Gulik, T. M. van

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: We investigated intrahepatic vascular changes in patients undergoing right portal vein ligation (PVL) or portal vein embolization (PVE) in conjunction with the ensuing hypertrophic response and function of the left liver lobe. Methods: Between December 2008 and October 2011, 7 patients underwent right PVL and 14 patients PVE. Computed tomographic (CT) volumetry to assess future remnant liver (FRL) and functional hepatobiliary scintigraphy were performed in all patients before and 3 weeks after portal vein occlusion. In 18 patients an intraoperative portography was performed to assess perfusion through the occluded portal branches. Results: In all patients after initially successful PVL, reperfused portal veins were observed on CT scan 3 weeks after portal occlusion. This was confirmed in all cases during intraoperative portography. Intrahepatic portoportal collaterals were identified in all patients in the PVL group and in one patient in the PVE group. In all other PVE patients, complete occlusion of the embolized portal branches was observed on CT scan and on intraoperative portography. The median increase of FRL volume after PVE was 41.6 % (range 10-305 %), and after PVL was only 8.1 % (range 0-102 %) (p = 0.179). There were no differences in FRL function between both groups. Conclusion: Preoperative PVE and PVL are both methods to induce hypertrophy of the FRL in anticipation of major liver resection. Compared to PVE, PVL seems less efficient in inducing hypertrophy of the nonoccluded left lobe. This could be caused by the formation of intrahepatic portoportal neocollateral vessels, through which the ligated portal branches are reperfused within 3 weeks.

  4. Kilovoltage cone-beam CT imaging dose during breast radiotherapy: A dose comparison between a left and right breast setup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, Alexandra; Holloway, Lois; Begg, Jarrad; Nelson, Vinod; Metcalfe, Peter

    2014-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the delivered dose from a kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography (kV-CBCT) acquired in breast treatment position for a left and right breast setup. The dose was measured with thermoluminescent dosimeters positioned within a female anthropomorphic phantom at organ locations. Imaging was performed on an Elekta Synergy XVI system with the phantom setup on a breast board. The image protocol involved 120 kVp, 140 mAs, and a 270° arc rotation clockwise 0° to 270° for the left breast setup and 270° to 180° for the right breast setup (maximum arc rotations possible). The dose delivered to the left breast, right breast, and heart was 5.1 mGy, 3.9 mGy, and 4.0 mGy for the left breast setup kV-CBCT, and 6.4 mGy, 6.0 mGy, and 4.8 mGy for the right breast setup kV-CBCT, respectively. The rotation arc of the kV-CBCT influenced the dose delivered, with the right breast setup kV-CBCT found to deliver a dose of up to 4 mGy or 105% higher to the treated breast?s surface in comparison with the left breast setup. This is attributed to the kV-CBCT source being more proximal to the anterior of the phantom for a right breast setup, whereas the source is more proximal to the posterior of the patient for a left-side scan.

  5. Cloud of strings as source in $2+1-$dimensional $f\\left( R\\right)=R^{n}$ gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazharimousavi, S Habib

    2015-01-01

    We present exact solutions with possible black holes in $2+1-$dimensional $% f\\left( R\\right) =R^{n}$ gravity coupled minimally to a cloud of strings. It is shown that the rational number $n>0$ has an effective role in the geodesic confinement. The string cloud admits scalar curvature $R\\sim r^{-1/n}$ so that $f\\left( r\\right) \\sim \\frac{1}{r}$ which provides analytically a solvable potential. The resulting geodesics are investigated approximately to reveal that for $n\\leq 1$ null-geodesics escape to infinity whereas for $n>1$ they are confined.

  6. Hydrogen Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-09-01

    This 2-page fact sheet provides a brief introduction to hydrogen production technologies. Intended for a non-technical audience, it explains how different resources and processes can be used to produce hydrogen. It includes an overview of research goals as well as “quick facts” about hydrogen energy resources and production technologies.

  7. Synthesis and Analysis of Product-form Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddad, Serge; Nguyen, Hoang-Thach

    2011-01-01

    For a large Markovian model, a "product form" is an explicit description of the steady-state behaviour which is otherwise generally untractable. Being first introduced in queueing networks, it has been adapted to Markovian Petri nets. Here we address three relevant issues for product-form Petri nets which were left fully or partially open: (1) we provide a sound and complete set of rules for the synthesis; (2) we characterise the exact complexity of classical problems like reachability; (3) we introduce a new subclass for which the normalising constant (a crucial value for product-form expression) can be efficiently computed.

  8. The Higgs Mass, Superconnections and the TeV-scale Left-Right Symmetric Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aydemir, Ufuk; Sun, Chen; Takeuchi, Tatsu

    2014-01-01

    We discuss the physical implications of formulating the Standard Model (SM) in terms of the superconnection formalism involving the superalgebra su(2/1). In particular, we discuss the prediction of the Higgs mass according to the formalism and point out that it is ~170 GeV, in clear disagreement with experiment. To remedy this problem, we extend the formalism to the superalgebra su(2/2), which extends the SM to the left-right symmetric model (LRSM) and accommodates a ~126 GeV Higgs. Both the SM in the su(2/1) case and the LRSM in the su(2/2) case are argued to emerge at ~4 TeV from an underlying theory in which the spacetime geometry is modified by the addition of a discrete extra dimension. The formulation of the exterior derivative in this model space suggests a deep connection between the modified geometry, which can be described in the language of non-commutative geometry (NCG), and the spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetries. The implication is that spontaneous symmetry breaking could actually be ge...

  9. Know before you go. Don't get left out in the cold. Prepare your vehicle for winter weather.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavanagh, Karen L.

    Know before you go. Don't get left out in the cold. Prepare your vehicle for winter weather. Do you drive during winter? Winter weather is hard on your vehicle and its engine. Here are some tips to help tire air pressure frequently, as it decreases in cold weather. 2. Get your car winter ready

  10. Saving the American Left: The Case for a New Progressive Creed http://www.cs.princeton.edu/~chazelle/politics/creed-print.html 1 of 12 4/6/2008 6:30 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chazelle, Bernard

    Saving the American Left: The Case for a New Progressive Creed http Saving the American Left: The Case for a New Progressive Creed by Bernard Chazelle The American left a grain of truth: Democrats are diffident, #12;Saving the American Left: The Case for a New Progressive

  11. Parallel machine architecture for production rule systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allen, Jr., John D. (Knoxville, TN); Butler, Philip L. (Knoxville, TN)

    1989-01-01

    A parallel processing system for production rule programs utilizes a host processor for storing production rule right hand sides (RHS) and a plurality of rule processors for storing left hand sides (LHS). The rule processors operate in parallel in the recognize phase of the system recognize -Act Cycle to match their respective LHS's against a stored list of working memory elements (WME) in order to find a self consistent set of WME's. The list of WME is dynamically varied during the Act phase of the system in which the host executes or fires rule RHS's for those rules for which a self-consistent set has been found by the rule processors. The host transmits instructions for creating or deleting working memory elements as dictated by the rule firings until the rule processors are unable to find any further self-consistent working memory element sets at which time the production rule system is halted.

  12. Hydrogen Production

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    This 2-page fact sheet provides a brief introduction to hydrogen production technologies. Intended for a non-technical audience, it explains how different resources and processes can be used to produ

  13. International energy indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-09-01

    Data are compiled and graphs are presented for Iran: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Saudi Arabia: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, 1973-1980; Oil Stocks: Free World, US, Japan and Europe (landed), 1973-1980; Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, 1973-1980; USSR Crude Oil Production, 1974-1980; Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, 1973-1980; US Imports of Crude Oil and Products, 1973-1980; Landed Cost of Saudi Crude in Current and 1974 Dollars; US Trade in Bituminous Coal, 1973-1980; Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-1980; and Energy/GNP Ratio.

  14. The Higgs Mass, Superconnections and the TeV-scale Left-Right Symmetric Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ufuk Aydemir; Djordje Minic; Chen Sun; Tatsu Takeuchi

    2015-03-05

    We discuss the physical implications of formulating the Standard Model (SM) in terms of the superconnection formalism involving the superalgebra su(2/1). In particular, we discuss the prediction of the Higgs mass according to the formalism and point out that it is ~170 GeV, in clear disagreement with experiment. To remedy this problem, we extend the formalism to the superalgebra su(2/2), which extends the SM to the left-right symmetric model (LRSM) and accommodates a ~126 GeV Higgs. Both the SM in the su(2/1) case and the LRSM in the su(2/2) case are argued to emerge at ~4 TeV from an underlying theory in which the spacetime geometry is modified by the addition of a discrete extra dimension. The formulation of the exterior derivative in this model space suggests a deep connection between the modified geometry, which can be described in the language of non-commutative geometry (NCG), and the spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetries. The implication is that spontaneous symmetry breaking could actually be geometric/quantum gravitational in nature. The non-decoupling phenomenon seen in the Higgs sector can then be reinterpreted in a new light as due to the mixing of low energy (SM) physics and high energy physics associated with quantum gravity, such as string theory. The phenomenology of a TeV scale LRSM is also discussed, and we argue that some exciting discoveries may await us at the LHC, and other near-future experiments.

  15. Economics, producer politics will shape oil markets through 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-25

    Two main forces will shape the oil market during the next 3 years. The pace of worldwide economic growth will determine demand growth. Although energy use efficiency has improved, especially in the industrialized world, demand for energy and oil products remains chiefly a function of economic activity. And producing nation politics will have much to say about supply. A crucial and unpredictable variable is when Iraq, now subject to a United Nations trade embargo, resumes exports at significant rates. Demand growth will exceed production increases outside the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, which means an ever-increasing role for the exporters' group. The paper discusses the demand outlook, economic projections, energy intensity, regional energy mixes, world energy mix, petroleum demand, petroleum product demand, supply questions, non-OPEC production, reserves and output capacity, production gains, industry operations (drilling, stocks, refining), prices, price forecasts, and the role of taxes.

  16. Dr. Hong Liu (left) , postdoctoral researcher in environmental engineering, and Dr. Bruce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or industrial wastewater, for example -- and simultaneously clean the wastewater. "While there is likely insufficient waste biomass to sustain a global hydrogen economy, this form of renewable energy production may help offset the substantial costs of wastewater treatment as well as provide a contribution to nations

  17. Testing quark mixing in minimal left-right symmetric models with $b$-tags at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew Fowlie; Luca Marzola

    2014-11-10

    Motivated by a hint in a CMS search for right-handed $W$-bosons in $eejj$ final states, we propose an experimental test of quark-mixing matrices in a general left-right symmetric model, based on counting the numbers of $b$-tags from right-handed $W$-boson hadronic decays. We find that, with our test, differences between left- and right-handed quark-mixing matrices could be detected at the LHC with $\\sqrt{s}=14$ TeV. With an integrated luminosity of about $20/\\textrm{fb}$, our test is sensitive to right-handed quark-mixing angles as small as about $30^\\circ$ and with $3000/\\textrm{fb}$, our test's sensitivity improves to right-handed mixing angles as small as about $7.5^\\circ$. Our test's sensitivity might be further enhanced by tuning $b$-tagging efficiency against purity.

  18. Hydrogen Production

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancingR Walls -Hydro-Pac Inc.,1 DOE HydrogenProduction Hydrogen is

  19. SU-E-J-33: Cardiac Movement in Deep Inspiration Breath-Hold for Left-Breast Cancer Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, M; Lee, S; Suh, T

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The present study was designed to investigate the displacement of heart using Deep Inspiration Breath Hold (DIBH) CT data compared to free-breathing (FB) CT data and radiation exposure to heart. Methods: Treatment planning was performed on the computed tomography (CT) datasets of 20 patients who had received lumpectomy treatments. Heart, lung and both breasts were outlined. The prescribed dose was 50 Gy divided into 28 fractions. The dose distributions in all the plans were required to fulfill the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurement specifications that include 100% coverage of the CTV with ? 95% of the prescribed dose and that the volume inside the CTV receiving > 107% of the prescribed dose should be minimized. Displacement of heart was measured by calculating the distance between center of heart and left breast. For the evaluation of radiation dose to heart, minimum, maximum and mean dose to heart were calculated. Results: The maximum and minimum left-right (LR) displacements of heart were 8.9 mm and 3 mm, respectively. The heart moved > 4 mm in the LR direction in 17 of the 20 patients. The distances between the heart and left breast ranged from 8.02–17.68 mm (mean, 12.23 mm) and 7.85–12.98 mm (mean, 8.97 mm) with DIBH CT and FB CT, respectively. The maximum doses to the heart were 3115 cGy and 4652 cGy for the DIBH and FB CT dataset, respectively. Conclusion: The present study has demonstrated that the DIBH technique could help to reduce the risk of radiation dose-induced cardiac toxicity by using movement of cardiac; away from radiation field. The DIBH technique could be used in an actual treatment room for a few minutes and could effectively reduce the cardiac dose when used with a sub-device or image acquisition standard to maintain consistent respiratory motion.

  20. Local and global information and equations with left and right invertible operators in the free Fock space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jerzy Hanckowiak

    2011-12-07

    The subject of the work is short description of huge amount of n-point information (n-pi) about the system. Methods for solving equations that satisfy such information are considered. Possible interpretation of left and right invertible operators appearing in these equations is also proposed. For local information, the creation and annihilation operators satisfying the Cuntz relations are introduced. It is also introduced the vector describing the local vacuum which completes the equation for n-pi with a global information. An important components of the work are examples of local operator-valued functions.

  1. Left-Right Symmetric Model from Geometrical Formulation of Gauge Theory in $M_4 \\times Z_2 \\times Z_2$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Konisi; T. Saito; Z. Maki; M. Nakahara

    1998-12-08

    The left-right symmetric model (LRSM) with gauge group $SU(2)_{L} \\times SU(2)_{R} \\times U(1)_{B-L}$ is reconstructed from the geometric formulation of gauge theory in $M_4 \\times Z_2 \\times Z_2$ where $M_4$ is the four-dimensional Minkowski space and $Z_2 \\times Z_2$ the discrete space with four points. The geometrical structure of this model becomes clearer compared with other works based on noncommutative geometry. As a result, the Yukawa coupling terms and the Higgs potential are derived in more restricted forms than in the standard LRSM.

  2. 2001 Proceedingsof the 23rd Annual EMBS International Conference, October 25-28, Istanbul, Turkey QUANTIFICATIONOF RIGHT AND LEFT VENTRICULAR FUNCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pumping function on the right side while, at least in the initial phase of the condition, the left introduced by the 1:16 downsampling scheme for the (transmitterheceiver) volumetric scanning. We have

  3. Supplemental Fig. S1: Angle maps (left hemisphere). The color overlay on the inflated occipital-parietal cortical surface shows the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wandell, Brian A.

    posterior dorsal Supplemental Fig. S1: Angle maps (left hemisphere). The color overlay TO-1 TO-2 V3d LO-1 LO-2 TO-1 TO-2 V3d #12;12° Supplemental Fig. S2: Eccentricity maps (left effective stimulus eccentricity. Other aspects as in Supplemental Fig. S1. S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S7 S6 LO-1 LO-2 TO

  4. Short-term energy outlook. Volume 1. Quarterly projections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-05-01

    World oil consumption is projected to decline in 1983 for the 4th consecutive year. Despite reduced petroleum production by OPEC, weak worldwide demand for petroleum and increased production by non-OPEC countries has put downward pressure on oil prices. As a result, OPEC lowered its official price for Saudi marker crude oil to $29 per barrel in March. The recent declines in world petroleum consumption are projected to end during the second half of 1983 as economic growth resumes in the industrialized countries. In view of the recent firmness in the world petroleum market, it is projected that petroleum prices will stablize near current levels. In the base case forecast, the price of imported crude oil to US refiners is assumed to remain at its current level of an estimated $29.43 per barrel through mid-1984.

  5. Language Production General Points about Speech Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Language Production #12;General Points about Speech Production 15 speech sounds per second => 2, shall I say `t' or `d'' (Levelt) Production side has gotten less attention in Psycholinguistics than the comprehension side. Evidence for speech production behaviour has until recently relied heavily on speech errors

  6. P-Violation Manifested at the Molecular Level - A Simple Means for an Absolute Definition of "Left" vs. "Right"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elizur, A C; Elizur, Avshalom C.; Shinitzky, Meir

    2006-01-01

    P-violation of the nuclear weak force was hitherto believed to manifest itself only in asymmetric $\\beta$-emission due to neutron decay. Molecules with space asymmetry (like L and D amino acids) are affected by this parity violation, yielding a parity violation energy difference (PVED) between chiral isomers in the order of $10^{-16}$ ev. In specific cases, where an autocatalytic process is combined with interaction with a selective spin isomer of H$_2$O, this tiny PVED can be amplified to a macroscopic detectable level. We describe such a system through which one can transmit a universal definition of "left" and "right." The procedure is straightforward, yielding an absolute rather than a statistical definition. The argument is illustrated by paraphrasing Feynman's celebrated thought-experiment of communicating spatial directions to an alien.

  7. Modeling the Oil Transition: A Summary of the Proceedings of the DOE/EPA Workshop on the Economic and Environmental Implications of Global Energy Transitions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L

    2007-02-01

    The global energy system faces sweeping changes in the next few decades, with potentially critical implications for the global economy and the global environment. It is important that global institutions have the tools necessary to predict, analyze and plan for such massive change. This report summarizes the proceedings of an international workshop concerning methods of forecasting, analyzing, and planning for global energy transitions and their economic and environmental consequences. A specific case, it focused on the transition from conventional to unconventional oil and other energy sources likely to result from a peak in non-OPEC and/or global production of conventional oil. Leading energy models from around the world in government, academia and the private sector met, reviewed the state-of-the-art of global energy modeling and evaluated its ability to analyze and predict large-scale energy transitions.

  8. Do oil markets work; is OPEC dead

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gately, D. (New York Univ., NY (USA). Dept. of Economics)

    1989-01-01

    In this paper the authors review what has happened in world oil markets since the 1970s and examine the prospects for OPEC and world oil prices. The paper summarizes the data for the last two decades: by fuel, by product, and by region. It focuses on OPEC and its members, examining the differences in behavior between its members and non-OPEC producers. The authors find that OPEC is clearly still relevant, if no longer very powerful. Its members have collectively reduced output dramatically, in an unsuccessful attempt to defend the price increases. They examine the important institutional changes of the last two decades, in comparison with the industry's stability for much of the century. They suggest an interpretation of OPEC's current situation. The paper summarizes the outlook for OPEC and the world oil market over the next two decades.

  9. Published in Industry and Environment, Special Issue on Product Design and the Environment, United Nations Environment Programme Industry and Environment (UNEP/IE), Vol. 20, No. 1-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Systems Realization Laboratory The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute for usage, as represented by the flow from left to right in the top half of Figure 1. #12;2 Disposal Mining Material processing Product manufacture Distribution Product take-back Material de- manufacture Energy

  10. Understanding entanglement as resource: locally distinguishing unextendible product bases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott M. Cohen

    2008-01-08

    It is known that the states in an unextendible product basis (UPB) cannot be distinguished perfectly when the parties are restricted to local operations and classical communication (LOCC). Previous discussions of such bases have left open the following question: What entanglement resources are necessary and/or sufficient for this task to be possible with LOCC? In this paper, I present protocols which use entanglement more efficiently than teleportation to distinguish certain classes of UPB's. The ideas underlying my approach to this problem offer rather general insight into why entanglement is useful for such tasks.

  11. Biological production of products from waste gases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaddy, James L. (Fayetteville, AR)

    2002-01-22

    A method and apparatus are designed for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, and carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various products, such as organic acids, alcohols, hydrogen, single cell protein, and salts of organic acids by anaerobic bacteria within the bioreactor. These valuable end products are then recovered, separated and purified.

  12. Covered Product Category: Cool Roof Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including cool roof products, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  13. Radioactive Materials Product Stewardship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radioactive Materials Product Stewardship ABackground Report for the National Dialogue...................................................................................................26 Low Level Waste (LLW) Disposal Regulations on Radioactive Materials Product Stewardship Prepared by the: Product Stewardship Institute University

  14. Quantitative modeling of the accuracy in registering preoperative patient-specific anatomic models into left atrial cardiac ablation procedures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rettmann, Maryam E. Holmes, David R.; Camp, Jon J.; Cameron, Bruce M.; Robb, Richard A.; Kwartowitz, David M.; Gunawan, Mia; Johnson, Susan B.; Packer, Douglas L.; Dalegrave, Charles; Kolasa, Mark W.

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: In cardiac ablation therapy, accurate anatomic guidance is necessary to create effective tissue lesions for elimination of left atrial fibrillation. While fluoroscopy, ultrasound, and electroanatomic maps are important guidance tools, they lack information regarding detailed patient anatomy which can be obtained from high resolution imaging techniques. For this reason, there has been significant effort in incorporating detailed, patient-specific models generated from preoperative imaging datasets into the procedure. Both clinical and animal studies have investigated registration and targeting accuracy when using preoperative models; however, the effect of various error sources on registration accuracy has not been quantitatively evaluated. Methods: Data from phantom, canine, and patient studies are used to model and evaluate registration accuracy. In the phantom studies, data are collected using a magnetically tracked catheter on a static phantom model. Monte Carlo simulation studies were run to evaluate both baseline errors as well as the effect of different sources of error that would be present in a dynamicin vivo setting. Error is simulated by varying the variance parameters on the landmark fiducial, physical target, and surface point locations in the phantom simulation studies. In vivo validation studies were undertaken in six canines in which metal clips were placed in the left atrium to serve as ground truth points. A small clinical evaluation was completed in three patients. Landmark-based and combined landmark and surface-based registration algorithms were evaluated in all studies. In the phantom and canine studies, both target registration error and point-to-surface error are used to assess accuracy. In the patient studies, no ground truth is available and registration accuracy is quantified using point-to-surface error only. Results: The phantom simulation studies demonstrated that combined landmark and surface-based registration improved landmark-only registration provided the noise in the surface points is not excessively high. Increased variability on the landmark fiducials resulted in increased registration errors; however, refinement of the initial landmark registration by the surface-based algorithm can compensate for small initial misalignments. The surface-based registration algorithm is quite robust to noise on the surface points and continues to improve landmark registration even at high levels of noise on the surface points. Both the canine and patient studies also demonstrate that combined landmark and surface registration has lower errors than landmark registration alone. Conclusions: In this work, we describe a model for evaluating the impact of noise variability on the input parameters of a registration algorithm in the context of cardiac ablation therapy. The model can be used to predict both registration error as well as assess which inputs have the largest effect on registration accuracy.

  15. Left lane road electrification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Llanes-Estrada, Felipe J

    2010-01-01

    We propose the partial electrification of multilane motorways in suburban areas as a practical alternative in order to reduce the weight and price of electrically-powered automobiles. These could then be supplied energy en-route, thus significantly reducing the weight and cost of vehicle-mounted batteries. Our theoretical study is based on the circumstances of Madrid (Spain), a six million inhabitant region, but should be easily adaptable to other metropolitan areas.

  16. Rescuing Those Left Behind. Recovering and Characterizing Underdigested Membrane and Hydrophobic Proteins To Enhance Proteome Measurement Depth

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Giannone, Richard J.; Wurch, Louie L.; Podar, Mircea; Hettich, Robert L.

    2015-07-21

    The marine archaeon Nanoarchaeum equitans is dependent on direct physical contact with its host, the hyperthermophile Ignicoccus hospitalis. This interaction is thought to be membrane-associated, involving a myriad of membrane-anchored proteins; proteomic efforts to better characterize this difficult to analyze interface are paramount to uncovering the mechanism of their association. By extending multienzyme digestion strategies that use sample filtration to recover underdigested proteins for reprocessing/consecutive proteolytic digestion, we applied chymotrypsin to redigest the proteinaceous material left over after initial proteolysis with trypsin of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-extracted I. hospitalis-N. equitansproteins. We show that proteins with increased hydrophobic character, including membranemore »proteins with multiple transmembrane helices, are enriched and recovered in the underdigested fraction. Chymotryptic reprocessing provided significant sequence coverage gains in both soluble and hydrophobic proteins alike, with the latter benefiting more so in terms of membrane protein representation. These gains were despite a large proportion of high-quality peptide spectra remaining unassigned in the underdigested fraction suggesting high levels of protein modification on these often surface-exposed proteins. Importantly, these gains were achieved without applying extensive fractionation strategies usually required for thorough characterization of membrane-associated proteins and were facilitated by the generation of a distinct, complementary set of peptides that aid in both the identification and quantitation of this important, under-represented class of proteins.« less

  17. Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science DMTCS vol. (subm.), by the authors, 11 Left and right length of paths in binary trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panholzer, Alois

    Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science DMTCS vol. (subm.), by the authors, 1­1 Left and right length of paths in binary trees or on a question of Knuth Alois Panholzer1 1 Institut f, Austria. {Alois.Panholzer}@tuwien.ac.at We consider extended binary trees and study the common right

  18. ERPs to the main-clause verb in both SR and OR sentences showed a greater left anterior negativity than the second verb in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Richard

    ERPs to the main-clause verb in both SR and OR sentences showed a greater left anterior negativity, we would like to point out that the ERP studies cited above also include notable demonstrations large ERP differences between SR and OR sentence types, whereas poorer comprehenders show almost none

  19. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    dioxide control technologies. Figure 1 shows clean coal technology benefits(2) . In 1977, the conceptCenter for By-Products Utilization CLEAN COAL BY-PRODUCTS UTILIZATION IN ROADWAY, EMBANKMENTS electricity production is from the use of coal-based technologies(1) . This production is estimated

  20. A comparative analysis of 3D conformal deep inspiratory–breath hold and free-breathing intensity-modulated radiation therapy for left-sided breast cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reardon, Kelli A.; Read, Paul W.; Morris, Monica M.; Reardon, Michael A.; Geesey, Constance; Wijesooriya, Krishni

    2013-07-01

    Patients undergoing radiation for left-sided breast cancer have increased rates of coronary artery disease. Free-breathing intensity-modulated radiation therapy (FB-IMRT) and 3-dimensional conformal deep inspiratory–breath hold (3D-DIBH) reduce cardiac irradiation. The purpose of this study is to compare the dose to organs at risk in FB-IMRT vs 3D-DIBH for patients with left-sided breast cancer. Ten patients with left-sided breast cancer had 2 computed tomography scans: free breathing and voluntary DIBH. Optimization of the IMRT plan was performed on the free-breathing scan using 6 noncoplanar tangential beams. The 3D-DIBH plan was optimized on the DIBH scan and used standard tangents. Mean volumes of the heart, the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), the total lung, and the right breast receiving 5% to 95% (5% increments) of the prescription dose were calculated. Mean volumes of the heart and the LAD were lower (p<0.05) in 3D-DIBH for volumes receiving 5% to 80% of the prescription dose for the heart and 5% for the LAD. Mean dose to the LAD and heart were lower in 3D-DIBH (p?0.01). Mean volumes of the total lung were lower in FB-IMRT for dose levels 20% to 75% (p<0.05), but mean dose was not different. Mean volumes of the right breast were not different for any dose; however, mean dose was lower for 3D-DIBH (p = 0.04). 3D-DIBH is an alternative approach to FB-IMRT that provides a clinically equivalent treatment for patients with left-sided breast cancer while sparing organs at risk with increased ease of implementation.

  1. Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    #12;Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward

  2. TU-F-17A-06: Motion Stability and Dosimetric Impact of Spirometer-Based DIBH-RT of Left-Sided Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKenzie, E; Yang, W; Burnison, M; Mirhadi, A; Hakimian, B; Stephen, S; Robert, R; Yue, Y; Sandler, H; Fraass, B

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) for left-sided breast cancer have increased risk of coronary artery disease. Deep Inhalation Breath Hold assisted RT (DIBH-RT) is shown to increase the geometric separation of the target area and heart, reducing cardiac radiation dose. The purposes of this study are to use Cine MV portal images to determine the stability of spirometer-guided DIBH-RT and examine the dosimetric cardiopulmonary impact of this technique. Methods: Twenty consecutive patients with left-sided breast cancer were recruited to the IRB-approved study. Free-breathing (FB) and DIBH-CT's were acquired at simulation. Rigid registration of the FB-CT and DIBH-CT was performed using primarily breast tissue. Treatment plans were created for each FB-CT and DIBH-CT using identical paired tangent fields with field-in-field or electronic compensation techniques. Dosimetric evaluation included mean and maximum (Dmax) doses for the left anterior descending artery (LAD), mean heart dose, and left lung V20. Cine MV portal images were acquired for medial and lateral fields during treatment. Analysis of Cine images involved chest wall segmentation using an algorithm developed in-house. Intra- and inter-fractional chest wall motion were determined through affine registration to the first frame of each Cine. Results: Dose to each cardiac structure evaluated was significantly (p<0.001) reduced with the DIBH plans. Mean heart dose decreased from 2.9(0.9–6.6) to 1.6(0.6–5.3) Gy; mean LAD dose from 16.6(3–43.6) to 7.4(1.7–32.7) Gy; and LAD Dmax from 35.4 (6.1–53) to 18.4(2.5–51.2) Gy. No statistically significant reduction was found for the left lung V20. Average AP and SI median chest wall motion (intrafractional) was 0.1 (SD=0.9) and 0.5 (SD=1.1) mm, respectively. Average AP inter-fractional chest wall motion was 2.0 (SD=1.4) mm. Conclusion: Spirometer-based DIBH treatments of the left breast are reproducible both inter- and intra-fractionally, and provide a statistically and potentially clinically useful dosimetric advantage to cardiac structures.

  3. Males showed no response to air-borne female Experimental Protocol: Prior to the first trial, the first female was placed in the cube on the left maze arm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaffin, Doug

    to the first trial, the first female was placed in the cube on the left maze arm. Each trial was initiated by dropping a male scorpion into the end of the long arm. Males were allowed five minutes to move into the left or right arm of the arena. We considered a trial complete when the male scorpion entered either

  4. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization DRAFT REPORT CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION IN CEMENTITIOUS-MILWAUKEE #12;CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION IN CEMENTITIOUS PRODUCTS Progress Report by Tarun R. Naik, Rakesh of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Technologies

  5. Energy Efficiency Product Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey Energy Efficiency Product Standards, enacted in 2005, include minimum standards for eight products, which were preempted by the federal Energy Policy Act of 2005. Future standards, if...

  6. MECS 2006- Forest Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Forest Products (NAICS 321, 322) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

  7. & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENERGY PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION In the United States hydropower supplies the NAO. ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION IN NORWAY AND THE NAO The demand for heating oil in Norway Average Winter Temperature NORWAY kilotonsofoilmillibars°Cmmofrainfall Annual Heating Oil Consumption

  8. Productivity & Energy Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Randall J.

    1 Productivity & Energy Flow Ecosystem approach, focuses: on flow of energy, water, and nutrients (capture) of energy by autotrophs Gross (total) Net (total ­ costs) Secondary productivity- capture of energy by herbivores http://sciencebitz.com/?page_id=204 What Controls the Primary Productivity

  9. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLASS F FLY ASH AND CLEAN-COAL ASH BLENDS FOR CAST OF CLASS F FLYASHAND CLEAN-COAL ASHBLENDS FOR CAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS Authors: TarunR.Naik, Director, Center,Illinois Clean Coal Institute RudolphN.Kraus, Research Associate, UWM Center forBy-Products Utilization Shiw S

  10. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLEAN-COAL ASH FOR MANAGING ASR By Zichao Wu and Tarun R College of Engineering and Applied Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN­MILWAUKEE #12;USE OF CLEAN-COAL ASH combustion by-products (such as clean-coal ash) from power plants. Maximum recycling of such by- products

  11. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    combustion by-products #12;3 generated by using both conventional and clean-coal technologies. A clean-coal that obtained from clean-coal technology, are not utilized in cast-concrete masonry products (bricks, blocksCenter for By-Products Utilization RECENT ADVANCES IN RECYCLING CLEAN- COAL ASH By Tarun R. Naik

  12. Strangeness Production at COSY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank Hinterberger; Hartmut Machner; Regina Siudak

    2010-10-08

    The paper gives an overview of strangeness-production experiments at the Cooler Synchrotron COSY. Results on kaon-pair and phi meson production in pp, pd and dd collisions, hyperon-production experiments and Lambda p final-state interaction studies are presented.

  13. MAIL DISTRIBUTION MAIL PRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MAIL DISTRIBUTION AND MAIL PRODUCTION OPERATIONS GUIDE November 07 Revised November 07 #12;2 Mail/billing......................................................................................1-5346 Mail Production of the University non-profit permit. 3. All bulk mailings must be coordinated with Mail Production at the earliest

  14. Coal production 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-11-29

    Coal Production 1989 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, the number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, reserves, and stocks to a wide audience including Congress, federal and state agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. 7 figs., 43 tabs.

  15. 280 BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSIOX. over the edge of the barrel, wliile the other is left hanging in the water.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is left hanging in the water. After stopping the pressurc of tbe fingers the water flows from the free . end of the rubber tube and is allowed to flow through a filter (a piece of coarse ljnen,a p6ckt.t-l1nndlrei.chief,&e.). The larv83 :we carried by the current of' the water iiito and through the rubber tube

  16. Fact #664: February 28, 2011 2010 U.S. Petroleum Imports by Country

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. imported almost 12 million barrels per day in 2010, according to data for the first ten months of the year. Canada, Mexico and other non-OPEC countries are the top three places from which...

  17. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by Country of Origin, 1973-2011 (million barrels per day) Year Saudi Arabia Venezuela Nigeria Other OPEC Countries Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Countries Total 1973 0.49...

  18. OPEC at high noon 1974-1981

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1992-01-01

    After 1973, oil consumption stagnated worldwide. Non-OPEC output increased, mostly in Alaska, Mexico, and the North Sea, but not because of the price rise. The cartel nations had to assume the whole burden of cutting back ...

  19. Fact #563: March 23, 2009 OPEC Petroleum Imports | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: March 23, 2009 OPEC Petroleum Imports Fact 563: March 23, 2009 OPEC Petroleum Imports In the 1970's, the U.S. imported more petroleum from OPEC than from non-OPEC countries....

  20. Unit II-1 Inner products 1 Inner product and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkett, Stephen

    Unit II-1 Inner products 1 Unit II-1 Inner product and orthogonality Unit II-1 Inner products 2 a (real) inner product space ­ sometimes a Euclidean space Unit II-1 Inner products 3 Examples: Real inner matrix is the sum of its diagonal entries Unit II-1 Inner products 4 Complex inner product · an inner

  1. Developing Microalgae as Production Platforms for Natural Products /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoepp, Nathan

    2013-01-01

    CO2 fixation and bioethanol production using ScenedesmusGouveia, L. 2012. Bioethanol production from Scenedesmusof products including bioethanol (Ho et al. , 2013; Miranda

  2. Developing Microalgae as Production Platforms for Natural Products /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoepp, Nathan

    2013-01-01

    CO2 fixation and bioethanol production using ScenedesmusGouveia, L. 2012. Bioethanol production from Scenedesmusproduction of a range of products including bioethanol (Ho

  3. Developing Microalgae as Production Platforms for Natural Products /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoepp, Nathan

    2013-01-01

    production using microalgae biomass of Nannochloropsis.for future production of microalgae biomass in a variety ofas microalgae to be realized, efficient biomass production

  4. Assessment of dedicated low-dose cardiac micro-CT reconstruction algorithms using the left ventricular volume of small rodents as a performance measure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maier, Joscha; Sawall, Stefan; Kachelrieß, Marc

    2014-05-15

    Purpose: Phase-correlated microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) imaging plays an important role in the assessment of mouse models of cardiovascular diseases and the determination of functional parameters as the left ventricular volume. As the current gold standard, the phase-correlated Feldkamp reconstruction (PCF), shows poor performance in case of low dose scans, more sophisticated reconstruction algorithms have been proposed to enable low-dose imaging. In this study, the authors focus on the McKinnon-Bates (MKB) algorithm, the low dose phase-correlated (LDPC) reconstruction, and the high-dimensional total variation minimization reconstruction (HDTV) and investigate their potential to accurately determine the left ventricular volume at different dose levels from 50 to 500 mGy. The results were verified in phantom studies of a five-dimensional (5D) mathematical mouse phantom. Methods: Micro-CT data of eight mice, each administered with an x-ray dose of 500 mGy, were acquired, retrospectively gated for cardiac and respiratory motion and reconstructed using PCF, MKB, LDPC, and HDTV. Dose levels down to 50 mGy were simulated by using only a fraction of the projections. Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was evaluated as a measure of image quality. Left ventricular volume was determined using different segmentation algorithms (Otsu, level sets, region growing). Forward projections of the 5D mouse phantom were performed to simulate a micro-CT scan. The simulated data were processed the same way as the real mouse data sets. Results: Compared to the conventional PCF reconstruction, the MKB, LDPC, and HDTV algorithm yield images of increased quality in terms of CNR. While the MKB reconstruction only provides small improvements, a significant increase of the CNR is observed in LDPC and HDTV reconstructions. The phantom studies demonstrate that left ventricular volumes can be determined accurately at 500 mGy. For lower dose levels which were simulated for real mouse data sets, the HDTV algorithm shows the best performance. At 50 mGy, the deviation from the reference obtained at 500 mGy were less than 4%. Also the LDPC algorithm provides reasonable results with deviation less than 10% at 50 mGy while PCF and MKB reconstruction show larger deviations even at higher dose levels. Conclusions: LDPC and HDTV increase CNR and allow for quantitative evaluations even at dose levels as low as 50 mGy. The left ventricular volumes exemplarily illustrate that cardiac parameters can be accurately estimated at lowest dose levels if sophisticated algorithms are used. This allows to reduce dose by a factor of 10 compared to today's gold standard and opens new options for longitudinal studies of the heart.

  5. Product development practices that matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Nisheeth

    2010-01-01

    Product Development consists of activities to transforms a market opportunity and technological innovation into successful products. Several waves of improvements in technological innovation and product development have ...

  6. Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

    Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design* Emre.ac.uk kazu@umich.edu .Abstract ­ This paper presents a simulation-based method to aid multi-period production capacity planning by quantifying the trade-off between product quality and production cost. The product

  7. Transmission Losses Product (pbl/products)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.WeekProducts > Products Daily Notice (surplus power)

  8. Coal Production 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-29

    Coal Production 1992 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, the number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves to a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In 1992, there were 3,439 active coal mining operations made up of all mines, preparation plants, and refuse operations. The data in Table 1 cover the 2,746 mines that produced coal, regardless of the amount of production, except for bituminous refuse mines. Tables 2 through 33 include data from the 2,852 mining operations that produced, processed, or prepared 10 thousand or more short tons of coal during the period, except for bituminous refuse, and includes preparation plants with 5 thousand or more employee hours. These mining operations accounted for over 99 percent of total US coal production and represented 83 percent of all US coal mining operations in 1992.

  9. Microbial production of epoxides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Clark, Thomas R.; Roberto, Francisco F.

    2003-06-10

    A method for microbial production of epoxides and other oxygenated products is disclosed. The method uses a biocatalyst of methanotrophic bacteria cultured in a biphasic medium containing a major amount of a non-aqueous polar solvent. Regeneration of reducing equivalents is carried out by using endogenous hydrogenase activity together with supplied hydrogen gas. This method is especially effective with gaseous substrates and cofactors that result in liquid products.

  10. Matrix product operator representations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Murg; J. I. Cirac; B. Pirvu; F. Verstraete

    2008-04-24

    We show how to construct relevant families of matrix product operators in one and higher dimensions. Those form the building blocks for the numerical simulation methods based on matrix product states and projected entangled pair states. In particular, we construct translational invariant matrix product operators suitable for time evolution, and show how such descriptions are possible for Hamiltonians with long-range interactions. We illustrate how those tools can be exploited for constructing new algorithms for simulating quantum spin systems.

  11. Natural Gas Marketed Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By:...

  12. Forest Products Industry Profile

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wood and paper products meet the everyday needs of consumers and businesses. They provide materials essential for communication, education, packaging, construction, shelter, sanitation, and protection.

  13. Microsystem product development.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polosky, Marc A.; Garcia, Ernest J.

    2006-04-01

    Over the last decade the successful design and fabrication of complex MEMS (MicroElectroMechanical Systems), optical circuits and ASICs have been demonstrated. Packaging and integration processes have lagged behind MEMS research but are rapidly maturing. As packaging processes evolve, a new challenge presents itself, microsystem product development. Product development entails the maturation of the design and all the processes needed to successfully produce a product. Elements such as tooling design, fixtures, gages, testers, inspection, work instructions, process planning, etc., are often overlooked as MEMS engineers concentrate on design, fabrication and packaging processes. Thorough, up-front planning of product development efforts is crucial to the success of any project.

  14. Microsystem Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polosky, M -A

    2007-01-01

    Over the last decade the successful design and fabrication of complex MEMS (MicroElectroMechanical Systems), optical circuits and ASICs have been demonstrated. Packaging and integration processes have lagged behind MEMS research but are rapidly maturing. As packaging processes evolve, a new challenge presents itself, microsystem product development. Product development entails the maturation of the design and all the processes needed to successfully produce a product. Elements such as tooling design, fixtures, gages, testers, inspection, work instructions, process planning, etc., are often overlooked as MEMS engineers concentrate on design, fabrication and packaging processes. Thorough, up-front planning of product development efforts is crucial to the success of any project.

  15. Furfuryl alcohol cellular product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sugama, T.; Kukacka, L.E.

    1982-05-26

    Self-extinguishing rigid foam products are formed by polymerization of furfuryl alcohol in the presence of a lightweight, particulate, filler, zinc chloride and selected catalysts.

  16. Shale Gas Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes 2009 2010 2011 2012...

  17. Electromagnetic Higgs production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. S. Miller

    2007-11-13

    The cross section for central diffractive Higgs production is calculated, for the LHC range of energies. The graphs for the possible mechanisms for Higgs production, through pomeron fusion and photon fusions are calculated for all possibilities allowed by the standard model. The cross section for central diffractive Higgs production through pomeron fusion, must be multiplied by a factor for the survival probability, to isolate the Higgs signal and reduce the background. Due to the small value of the survival probability $\\Lb 4 \\times 10^{-3}\\Rb $, the cross sections for central diffractive Higgs production, in the two cases for pomeron fusion and photon fusion, are competitive.

  18. Sci—Thur AM: YIS - 01: Dosimetric Analysis of Respiratory Induced Cardiac Intrafraction Motion in Left-sided Breast Cancer Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Sherif, O; Xhaferllari, I; Patrick, J; Yu, E; Gaede, S

    2014-08-15

    Introduction: Long-term cardiac side effects in left-sided breast cancer patients (BREL) after post-operative radiotherapy has become one of the most debated issues in radiation oncology. Through breathing-adapted radiotherapy the volume of the heart exposed to radiation can be significantly reduced by delivering the radiation only at the end of inspiration phase of the respiratory cycle, this is referred to as inspiration gating (IG). The purpose of this study is to quantify the potential reduction in cardiac exposure during IG compared to conventional BREL radiotherapy and to assess the dosimetric impact of cardiac motion due to natural breathing. Methods: 24 BREL patients treated with tangential parallel opposed photon beams were included in this study. All patients received a standard fast helical planning CT (FH-CT) and a 4D-CT. Treatment plans were created on the FH-CT using a clinical treatment planning system. The original treatment plan was then superimposed onto the end of inspiration CT and all 10 phases of the 4D-CT to quantify the dosimetric impact of respiratory motion and IG through 4D dose accumulation. Results: Through IG the mean dose to the heart, left ventricle, and left anterior descending artery (LAD) can be reduced in comparison to the clinical standard BREL treatment by as much as 8.39%, 10.11%, and 13.71% respectively (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Failure to account for respiratory motion can lead to under or overestimation in the calculated DVH for the heart, and it's sub-structures. IG can reduce cardiac exposure especially to the LAD during BREL radiotherapy.

  19. SU-E-T-317: The Development of a DIBH Technique for Left Sided Breast Patients Undergoing Radiation Therapy Utilizing Varians RPM System in a Community Hospital

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasson, B; Young, M; Workie, D; Geraghty, C

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To develop and implement a Deep Inhalation Breath Hold program (DIBH) for treatment of patients with Left-sided breast cancer in a community hospital. Methods: All patients with left sided breast cancer underwent a screening free breathing CT. Evaluation of the conventional tangent treatment fields and the heart was conducted. If the heart would not be excluded using tangents, the patient then received DIBH breathe coaching. The patients returned for a 4D CT simulation. The patients breathing cycle was monitored using the Varian Real-Time position ManagementTM (RPM) system to assess duration of DIBH, amplitude, phase and recovery time to normal breathing. Then a DIBH CT was obtained at the desired amplitude. Duplicate plans were developed for both free breathing and DIBH on the Eclipse planning system and comparison DVH's were created. The plan that provided the prescribed treatment coverage and the least doses to the OAR (heart, Lt. Lung) was determined. Those patients selected to receive treatment with DIBH were set up for treatment, and breathing was monitored using the RPM system. Practice trials were used to confirm that the amplitude, phase and recovery were consistent with findings from simulation. Results: 10 patients have been treated using the DIBH procedure in our clinic. The DIBH patients had an average increase of 80% lung volume on DIBH, decreased lung volume receiving 50% of the dose, and decreases in the V20 dose. Significant reduction in the maximum and mean dose to the heart, as well as the dose to 1CC of the volume for the DIBH plans. Conclusion: Using the RPM system already available in the clinic, staff training, and patient coaching a simple DIBH program was setup. The use of DIBH has shown promise in reducing doses to the critical organs while maintaining PTV coverage for left sided breast treatments.

  20. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization HIGH-STRENGTH HVFA CONCRETE CONTAINING CLEAN COAL ASH By Tarun R #12;1 HIGH-STRENGTH HVFA CONCRETE CONTAINING CLEAN COAL ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, and Bruce for manufacture of cement-based products using ashes generated from combustion of high-sulfur coals. A clean coal

  1. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLEAN COAL ASH AS SETTING TIME REGULATOR IN PORTLAND OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;2 Use of Clean Coal Ash as Setting Time Regulator in Portland Cement by Zichao Wu as setting time regulator for portland cement production. In this paper a source of clean coal ash (CCA

  2. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -Milwaukee, P.O. Box 784, Milwaukee, WI 53201 d Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute * Director UWM products containing clean coal ash compared to conventional coal ash. Utilization of clean coal ash is much products that utilize clean coal ash. With increasing federal regulations on power plant emissions, finding

  3. & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENERGY PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION In the United States hydropower supplies 12% of the nation's electricity. Hydropower produces more than 90,000 megawatts of electricity, which is enough to meet the needs of 28.3 million consumers. Hydropower accounts for over 90% of all electricity

  4. WOOD PRODUCTS AND UTILIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WOOD PRODUCTS AND UTILIZATION V #12;#12;443USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-160. 1997. Section Overview Wood Products and Utilization1 John R. Shelly2 Forests are obviously a very important asset to California, and their economic and social value to the state is well documented. Wood

  5. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    clean coal technology, are not extensively utilized in the cast concrete masonry products (bricks both conventional and clean coal technologies. A clean coal ash is defined as the ash derived from SO2Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLASS F FLY ASH AND CLEAN-COAL ASH BLENDS FOR CAST

  6. Digital Product Services Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    link physical products with digital services. By using Internet of Things technologies we try to help and at the University of St. Gallen conducts research in the field of Internet of Things. Our research focus is on next Internet of Things technologies and mobile devices make it feasible to "attach" digital product services

  7. Aneurysm of an Anomalous Systemic Artery Supplying the Normal Basal Segments of the Left Lower Lobe: Endovascular Treatment with the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II and Coils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canyigit, Murat, E-mail: mcanyigit@yahoo.com; Gumus, Mehmet; Kilic, Evrim; Erol, Bekir; Cetin, Huseyin [Ankara Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Hasanoglu, Hatice Canan [Ankara Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Department of Pulmonary Disease (Turkey); Arslan, Halil [Ankara Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

    2011-02-15

    An anomalous systemic artery originating from the descending thoracic aorta supplying the normal basal segments of the lower lobe of the left lung without sequestration is a rare congenital anomaly. The published surgical treatments include lobectomy, segmentectomy, anastomosis, and ligation. In addition, endovascular treatment with coils has been reported. A second-generation occluder, the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II (AVP II), has a central plug and two occlusion disks and a finer, more densely woven nitinol wire, thus enabling faster embolization. This published case is the first successful occlusion of an aneurysm of an anomalous systemic artery with the AVP II and fibered coils, with 10 months of follow-up.

  8. Anterior Myocardial Territory May Replace the Heart as Organ at Risk in Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Left-Sided Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan Wenyong; Liu Dong; Xue Chenbin; Xu Jiaozhen; Li Beihui; Chen Zhengwang; Hu Desheng; Wang Xionghong

    2012-04-01

    Purpose: We investigated whether the heart could be replaced by the anterior myocardial territory (AMT) as the organ at risk (OAR) in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) of the breast for patients with left-sided breast cancer. Methods and Materials: Twenty-three patients with left-sided breast cancer who received postoperative radiation after breast-conserving surgery were studied. For each patient, we generated five IMRT plans including heart (H), left ventricle (LV), AMT, LV+AMT, and H+LV as the primary OARs, respectively, except both lungs and right breast, which corresponded to IMRT(H), IMRT(LV), IMRT(AMT), IMRT(LV+AMT), and IMRT(H+LV). For the planning target volumes and OARs, the parameters of dose-volume histograms were compared. Results: The homogeneity index, conformity index, and coverage index were not compromised significantly in IMRT(AMT), IMRT(LV) and IMRT(LV+ AMT), respectively, when compared with IMRT(H). The mean dose to the heart, LV, and AMT decreased 5.3-21.5% (p < 0.05), 19.9-29.5% (p < 0.05), and 13.3-24.5% (p < 0.05), respectively. Similarly, the low (e.g., V5%), middle (e.g., V20%), and high (e.g., V30%) dose-volume of the heart, LV, and AMT decreased with different levels. The mean dose and V10% of the right lung increased by 9.2% (p < 0.05) and 27.6% (p < 0.05), respectively, in IMRT(LV), and the mean dose and V5% of the right breast decreased significantly in IMRT(AMT) and IMRT(LV+AMT). IMRT(AMT) was the preferred plan and was then compared with IMRT(H+LV); the majority of dose-volume histogram parameters of OARs including the heart, LV, AMT, both lungs, and the right breast were not statistically different. However, the low dose-volume of LV increased and the middle dose-volume decreased significantly (p < 0.05) in IMRT(AMT). Also, those of the right lung (V10%, V15%) and right breast (V5%, V10%) decreased significantly (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The AMT may replace the heart as the OAR in left-sided breast IMRT after breast-conserving surgery to decrease the radiation dose to the heart.

  9. Implications of the Diboson Excess for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Lepton Flavor Violation in TeV Scale Left Right Symmetric Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awasthi, Ram Lal; Mitra, Manimala

    2015-01-01

    Inspired by the recent diboson excess observed at the LHC and possible interpretation within a TeV-scale Left-Right symmetric framework, we explore its implications for low-energy experiments searching for lepton number and flavor violation. Assuming a simple Type-II seesaw mechanism for neutrino masses, we show that for the right-handed (RH) gauge boson mass and coupling values required to explain the LHC anomalies, the RH contribution to the lepton number violating process of neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\

  10. Simplified subsea production wellhead

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, H.R.

    1980-10-28

    A simplified subsea production wellhead which permits (1) pumpdown tool operations for routine well maintenance and (2) vertical entry to the wellbore for major workover operations. The wellhead can be lowered by the production pipeline to a wellhead site on the sea floor. The production wellhead includes a diverter spool for releasably attaching to a subsea well. Pumpdown tools can be used with the diverter spool. If vertical entry of the subsea well is required, the diverter spool can be released, raised and moved horizontally to one side of the subsea well, giving vertical entry. After workover operations, the diverter spool is again moved over the subsea well and reattached.

  11. Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market This report identifies the bio-fuels and co & Earth Science & Technology ­ University of Hawai`i at Manoa #12;Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co agency thereof. #12;Biomass Derived Energy Products and Co- Products Market and Off-take Study Hawaii

  12. Characteristics of Strange Hadron Production in Some High Energy Collisions and The Role of Power Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswas, Sunil Kumar; Ghosh, Amar Chandra Das; Bhattacharyya, Subrata; 10.4236/ojm.2012.21001

    2012-01-01

    Studies on `strange' particle production have always occupied a very important space in the domain of Particle Physics. This was and is so, just because of some conjectures about specially abundant or excess production of `strange' particles, at certain stages and under certain conditions arising out of what goes by the name of `Standard' model in Particle Physics. With the help of Hagedornian power laws we have attempted to understand and interpret here the nature of the $p_T$-spectra for the strange particle production in a few high energy nuclear collisions, some interesting ratio-behaviours and the characteristics of the nuclear modification factors that are measured in laboratory experiments. After obtaining and analysing the final results we do not confront any peculiarities or oddities or extraneous excesses in the properties of the relevant observables with no left-over problems or puzzles. The model(s) used by us work(s) quite well for explaining the measured data.

  13. Characteristics of Strange Hadron Production in Some High Energy Collisions and The Role of Power Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunil Kumar Biswas; Goutam Sau; Amar Chandra Das Ghosh; Subrata Bhattacharyya

    2012-03-13

    Studies on `strange' particle production have always occupied a very important space in the domain of Particle Physics. This was and is so, just because of some conjectures about specially abundant or excess production of `strange' particles, at certain stages and under certain conditions arising out of what goes by the name of `Standard' model in Particle Physics. With the help of Hagedornian power laws we have attempted to understand and interpret here the nature of the $p_T$-spectra for the strange particle production in a few high energy nuclear collisions, some interesting ratio-behaviours and the characteristics of the nuclear modification factors that are measured in laboratory experiments. After obtaining and analysing the final results we do not confront any peculiarities or oddities or extraneous excesses in the properties of the relevant observables with no left-over problems or puzzles. The model(s) used by us work(s) quite well for explaining the measured data.

  14. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -Products Utilization E-mail: ymchun@uwm.edu and F. D. Botha Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute 5776 Coal, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA. 4 Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute

  15. Offshore Development and Production

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01

    Natural gas production in the federal offshore has increased substantially in recent years, gaining more than 400 billion cubic feet between 1993 and 1997 to a level of 5.14 trillion cubic feet.

  16. Quarkonium production at ATLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darren D Price

    2012-01-24

    The production of quarkonium is an important testing ground for QCD calculations. The J/\\psi\\ and \\Upsilon\\ production cross-sections are measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7~TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Differential cross-sections are presented as a function of transverse momentum and rapidity. The fraction of J/\\psi\\ produced in B-hadron decays is also measured and the differential cross-sections of prompt and non-prompt J/\\psi\\ production determined separately. Measurements of the fiducial production cross-section of the \\Upsilon(1S) and observation of the \\chi_{c,bJ} states are also discussed.

  17. User driven product innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Jayraj

    2007-01-01

    Accelerating diffusion of innovation to end users and enabling faster adoption is essential to product developers, especially in the industries having a rapid pace of innovation. The ability of innovators to engage with ...

  18. Biomass Energy Production Incentive

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 2007 South Carolina enacted the Energy Freedom and Rural Development Act, which provides production incentives for certain biomass-energy facilities. Eligible systems earn $0.01 per kilowatt-h...

  19. Ethanol production from lignocellulose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Wood, Brent E. (Gainesville, FL)

    2001-01-01

    This invention presents a method of improving enzymatic degradation of lignocellulose, as in the production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, through the use of ultrasonic treatment. The invention shows that ultrasonic treatment reduces cellulase requirements by 1/3 to 1/2. With the cost of enzymes being a major problem in the cost-effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, this invention presents a significant improvement over presently available methods.

  20. Particle production at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changyi Zhou

    2009-06-19

    H1 has measured a number of different known particles and compared their production to QCD models and to other reactions such as N-N collisions. ZEUS has also measured the production of K0SK0S pairs with a view to searching for glueballs. Several resonances are seen which are glueball candidates. The results on the masses and widths are compared to other experiments.

  1. Pretreated densified biomass products

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dale, Bruce E; Ritchie, Bryan; Marshall, Derek

    2014-03-18

    A product comprising at least one densified biomass particulate of a given mass having no added binder and comprised of a plurality of lignin-coated plant biomass fibers is provided, wherein the at least one densified biomass particulate has an intrinsic density substantially equivalent to a binder-containing densified biomass particulate of the same given mass and h a substantially smooth, non-flakey outer surface. Methods for using and making the product are also described.

  2. Production | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget | Department Primus PowerEffectsProductProduction

  3. Four products from Escherichia coli pseudogenes increase hydrogen production q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Thomas K.

    Four products from Escherichia coli pseudogenes increase hydrogen production q Mohd Zulkhairi Mohd Article history: Received 26 August 2013 Available online 8 September 2013 Keywords: Biohydrogen. Hence, the products of these four pseudogenes play an important physiological role in hydrogen

  4. Essays on Product Recalls, New Product Preannouncements, and Shareholder Value 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun, Wonjoo

    2014-08-08

    Product recalls are widely recognized as a manufacturer’s worst nightmare. They put the value generated by product innovation at risk. In my dissertation, I investigate the factors that determine the effects of product recalls on firm value...

  5. Theoretical overview on top pair production and single top production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Weinzierl

    2012-01-19

    In this talk I will give an overview on theoretical aspects of top quark physics. The focus lies on top pair production and single top production.

  6. SU-E-T-483: Treatment Planning Study of Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy for Left-Sided Breast and Chestwall Cancers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, H

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To perform the comparison of dose distributions and dosevolume- histograms generated by VMAT and conventional field-in-field technique for left-sided breast and chestwall cancers; to determine whether VMAT offers more dosimetric benefits than does the field-in-field technique. Methods: All VMAT and field-in-filed plans were produced in Eclipse(version 10). Five plans were generated for left-sided breast and leftsided chestwall with supraclavicular nodes, respectively. A clockwise arc (CW) and a counter-clockwise arc (CCW) were used with start and stop angles being 310o±10o and 140o±10o. Collimator angles were 30o for CW and 330o for CCW. The conformity index (CI) is the ratio of V95% over PTV. The homogeneity index (HI) is the ratio of the difference between D2% and D98% over the prescribed dose. The V5, as an indicator of low dose bath to organs-at-risk, was used for ipsilateral lung, heart, contralateral lung, and contralateral breast. The V20, as an indicator of radiation pneumonitis, was used for ipsilateral lung. Results: Breast/chestwall VMAT delivers much higher low dose bath to ipsilateral lung, contralateral lung and contralateral breast/chestwall for both intact breast and chestwall with nodes. V5 for heart is increased in VMAT plans. V20 for ipsilateral lung is lower in VMAT plans. PTV coverage is similar for both techniques. For one particular chestwall patient with supraclavicular and internal mammary nodes, VMAT offers superior dose coverage of PTVs with slightly more low-dose-wash to heart, contralateral lung and contralateral breast. Conclusion: This study indicates that there is generally no benefit using VMAT for left-sided intact breast, due to large low-dose-bath (5Gy) to normal tissues with insignificant improvement in PTV coverage. Dosimetric benefits will be seen in VMAT plans for some chestwall patients with large size, and/or internal mammary nodes, etc. Whether a chestwall patient is treated with VMAT should be carefully analyzed on an individual basis.

  7. JGI Lab Ergo Products Catalog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre, Melanie

    2010-01-01

    35 Page 1 of 35 Laboratory Ergonomics Product Arm Supports/Page 2 of 35 Laboratory Ergonomics Product Features/OptionsPage 3 of 35 Laboratory Ergonomics Product SoftEdge Corners

  8. Cotton Production Research Laboratory - 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2009-01-01

    The literature on status, product symbolism, product involvement, and reference group influence is reviewed to conceptually define the Product Symbolic Status construct. The research consisted of two studies (N = 524) that examined 17 different...

  9. Adding Value to Agricultural Products 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, David P.; Hanselka, Daniel

    2009-06-01

    You can significantly increase farm income by adding value to agricultural products and marketing those products effectively. This publication explains how to design a value-added product based on consumer preferences and how to build a business...

  10. Technology's Impact on Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rachel Amann; Ellis Deweese; Deborah Shipman

    2009-06-30

    As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Energy (DOE) - entitled Technology's Impact on Production: Developing Environmental Solutions at the State and National Level - the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has been tasked with assisting state governments in the effective, efficient, and environmentally sound regulation of the exploration and production of natural gas and crude oil, specifically in relation to orphaned and abandoned wells and wells nearing the end of productive life. Project goals include: (1) Developing (a) a model framework for prioritization and ranking of orphaned or abandoned well sites; (b) a model framework for disbursement of Energy Policy Act of 2005 funding; and (c) a research study regarding the current status of orphaned wells in the nation. (2) Researching the impact of new technologies on environmental protection from a regulatory perspective. Research will identify and document (a) state reactions to changing technology and knowledge; (b) how those reactions support state environmental conservation and public health; and (c) the impact of those reactions on oil and natural gas production. (3) Assessing emergent technology issues associated with wells nearing the end of productive life. Including: (a) location of orphaned and abandoned well sites; (b) well site remediation; (c) plugging materials; (d) plug placement; (e) the current regulatory environment; and (f) the identification of emergent technologies affecting end of life wells. New Energy Technologies - Regulating Change, is the result of research performed for Tasks 2 and 3.

  11. Covered Product Categories (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-08-01

    Overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program Energy-Efficient Product Procurement Program and its designated product category list.

  12. On entropy production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenholm, Stig [Physics Department, Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, ALBANOVA, Roslagstullsbacken 21, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Laboratory of Computational Engineering, HUT, Espoo (Finland)], E-mail: stenholm@atom.kth.se

    2008-11-15

    We investigate the case of a dynamical system when irreversible time evolution is generated by a nonHermitian superoperator on the states of the system. We introduce a generalized scalar product which can be used to construct a monotonically changing functional of the state, a generalized entropy. This will depend on the level of system dynamics described by the evolution equation. In this paper we consider the special case when the irreversibility derives from imbedding the system of interest into a thermal reservoir. The ensuing time evolution is shown to be compatible both with equilibrium thermodynamics and the entropy production near the final steady state. In particular, Prigogine's principle of minimum entropy production is discussed. Also the limit of zero temperature is considered. We present comments on earlier treatments.

  13. The rare crystallographic structure of d(CGCGCG){sub 2}: The natural spermidine molecule bound to the minor groove of left-handed Z-DNA d(CGCGCG){sub 2} at 10 {sup o}C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohishi, Hirofumi . E-mail: ohishi@gly.oups.ac.jp; Tozuka, Yoshitaka; Da-Yang, Zhou; Ishida, Toshimasa; Nakatani, Kazuhiko

    2007-06-22

    Several crystal structure analyses of complexes of synthetic polyamine compounds, including N {sup 1}-(2-(2-aminoethylamino))ethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine PA(222) and N {sup 1}-(2-(2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethylamino)ethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine PA(2222), and left-handed Z-DNA d(CGCGCG){sub 2} have been reported. However, until now, there have been no examples of naturally occurring polyamines bound to the minor groove of the left-handed Z-DNA of d(CGCGCG){sub 2} molecule. We have found that spermidine, a natural polyamine, is connected to the minor groove of left-handed Z-DNA of d(CGCGCG){sub 2} molecule in a crystalline complex grown at 10 {sup o}C. The electron density of the DNA molecule was clear enough to determine that the spermidine was connected in the minor groove of two symmetry related molecules of left-handed Z-DNA d(CGCGCG){sub 2}. This is the first example that a spermidine molecule can form a bridge conformation between two symmetry related molecules of left-handed Z-DNA d(CGCGCG){sub 2} in the minor groove.

  14. Grid-based Production

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSCGrid-based Production Grid-based Production

  15. Matching Unstructured Product Offers to Structured Product Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Matching Unstructured Product Offers to Structured Product Specifications Anitha Kannan Search Labs for millions of products. The search engine receives millions of sales offers from thousands of independent unstructured offers to structured product descriptions must address, drawing upon our experience from building

  16. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    ­ Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI and Ronald H. Carty Director Illinois Clean Coal Institute Carterville, IL ABSTRACT, Naik and Singh [16] summarized various applications of fly ash generated from conventional and clean coal technologies. Uses of coal combustion by- products can be categorized into three classes: high-volum

  17. Success Story Production of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , automobile bumpers, and an array of other industrial and consumer products. Known as the BDSA (Biologically than $l.3B, each year. The new process also promises to reduce reliance on imported oil and to expand the succinic acid, allowing the base to be recycled to the fermentation (where it is used for neutralization

  18. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization CHARACTERIZATION AND APPLICATION OF CLASSF FLY ASHCOAL AND CLEAN-COAL #12;-1- CHARACTERIZATION AND APPLICATION OF CLASSF FLYASHCOAL AND CLEAN-COAL ASHFOR CEMENT -Milwaukee (UWM) Daniel D.Banerjee, Project Manager,Illinois Clean Coal Institute RudolphN.Kraus, Research

  19. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    CONTAINING CLEAN-COAL ASH AND CLASS F FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, Rafat Siddique of HVFA Concrete Containing Clean-Coal Ash and Class F Fly Ash By Tarun R. Naik Director, UWM Center for By-Products Utilization and Francois Botha Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute Synopsis

  20. CERTIFIED FOREST PRODUCTS MARKETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    industry sectors with PEFC C-o-C certification June 2003 Construction 1% Pulp & paper 4% Wood manufacturing% Sawnwood 13% Panels 9% RW & primary 5% Windows & doors 5% Pulp & paper 5% DIY products 6% Trade & retailers 5% Other primary forest industries 6% Sawmilling 39% Timber trade 43% #12;Forest industry sectors

  1. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION IN NO-FINES CONCRETE By Tarun R;CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION IN NO-FINES CONCRETE ABSTRACT By Tarun, R. Naik, Yoon-moon Chun, Rudolph N. Kraus, and Fethullah Canpolat This paper presents a detailed experimental study on the sequestration

  2. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    flue gas. Detailed results are presented. Keywords: carbon dioxide sequestration, carbonation, carbonCenter for By-Products Utilization CO2 SEQUESTRATION IN FOAMED CONTROLLED LOW STRENGTH MATERIALS #12;1 CO2 SEQUESTRATION IN FOAMED CONTROLLED LOW STRENGTH MATERIALS by Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus

  3. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    technologies. A clean-coal ash is defined as the ash derived from SOxand NOxcontrol technologies, and FBC that obtained from clean-coal technology, are not utilized in cast-concrete masonry products (bricks, blocks conventional and clean-coal technologies. Fifteen high-sulfur coal ash samples were obtained from eight

  4. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    of coal in conventional and/ or advanced clean coal technology combustors. These include fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) by-products from advanced clean coal technology clean coal technology combustors. Over 60% of the CCBs are generated as fly ash. An estimate

  5. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Issued to the Illinois Clean Coal Institute For Project 02-1/3.1D-2 Department of Civil Engineering of technology and market development for controlled low-strength material (CLSM) slurry using Illinois coal ashCenter for By-Products Utilization IMPLEMENTATION OF FLOWABLE SLURRY TECHNOLOGY IN ILLINOIS

  6. CLIMATE PRODUCTS Basic Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLIMATE PRODUCTS Basic Climatology Colorado Climate Center Funding provided by NOAA Sectoral the computer or a telephone system Data are collected by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), where) The original observations relate to WEATHER, not CLIMATE. But if we look at this information over a much longer

  7. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    wood with supplementary fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, and coke by pulp and paper mills and wood, knots, chips, etc. with other supplementary fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, and coke to generateCenter for By-Products Utilization DEVELOPMENT OF CLSM USING COAL ASH AND WOOD ASH, A SOURCE OF NEW

  8. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    in a combination with a number of fuels including coal, petroleum coke, natural gas, etc. In the mid 1990s, the unit was firing a combination of coal and petroleum coke to generate energy. It has been established;1 PROJECT 1 - COAL COMBUSTION BY-PRODUCTS: CHARACTERIZATION AND USE OPTIONS Introduction An AFBC system

  9. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    with supplementary fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, and coke by pulp and paper mills and wood, such as bark, twigs, knots, chips, etc. with other supplementary fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, and cokeCenter for By-Products Utilization CLSM CONTAINING MIXTURES OF COAL ASH AND A NEW POZZOLANIC

  10. Measurement of production asymmetries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamish Gordon; for the LHCb collaboration

    2013-11-22

    The knowledge of charm production asymmetries is an important prerequisite for many of the possible searches for CP violation in charm. Measurements of these asymmetries at hadron colliders can also help to improve our understanding of QCD. These proceedings review existing measurements and discuss some of the experimental challenges of determining charge asymmetries at the per-mille level.

  11. Hydrogen Production: Electrolysis | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Processes Hydrogen Production: Electrolysis Hydrogen Production: Electrolysis Electrolysis is a promising option for hydrogen production from renewable resources. Electrolysis...

  12. Creating Value Wood Products Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry for the Wood Products Industry The forest industry contributes more than 50 percent of the total value of all assistance to the primary and value-added processing wood products industries in Louisiana. Since its

  13. FEMP Designated Product: Lavatory Faucets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP suspended its product designation and purchasing specification for commercial faucets until further notice.

  14. State of the art for ab initio vs empirical potentials for predicting 6e$^{-}$ excited state molecular energies: Application to Li$_{2}\\left(b,1^{3}?_{u}\\right)$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikesh S. Dattani; Robert J. Le Roy

    2015-08-28

    We build the first analytic empirical potential for the most deeply bound $\\mbox{Li}_{2}$ state: $b\\left(1^{3}\\Pi_{u}\\right)$. Our potential is based on experimental energy transitions covering $v=0-34$, and very high precision theoretical long-range constants. It provides high accuracy predictions up to $v=100$ which pave the way for high-precision long-range measurements, and hopefully an eventual resolution of the age old discrepancy between experiment and theory for the $\\mbox{Li}\\left(2^{2}S\\right)+\\mbox{Li}\\left(2^{2}P\\right)$ $C_{3}$ value. State of the art ab initio calculations predict vibrational energy spacings that are all in at most 0.8 cm$^{-1}$ disagreement with the empirical potential.

  15. State of the art for ab initio vs empirical potentials for predicting 6e$^{-}$ excited state molecular energies: Application to Li$_{2}\\left(b,1^{3}\\Pi_{u}\\right)$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dattani, Nikesh S

    2015-01-01

    We build the first analytic empirical potential for the most deeply bound $\\mbox{Li}_{2}$ state: $b\\left(1^{3}\\Pi_{u}\\right)$. Our potential is based on experimental energy transitions covering $v=0-34$, and very high precision theoretical long-range constants. It provides high accuracy predictions up to $v=100$ which pave the way for high-precision long-range measurements, and hopefully an eventual resolution of the age old discrepancy between experiment and theory for the $\\mbox{Li}\\left(2^{2}S\\right)+\\mbox{Li}\\left(2^{2}P\\right)$ $C_{3}$ value. State of the art ab initio calculations predict vibrational energy spacings that are all in at most 0.8 cm$^{-1}$ disagreement with the empirical potential.

  16. EIA - Natural Gas Production Data & Analysis

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gas Plant Liquids Production Production by U.S., region, and State (annual). Lease Condensate Production Production by U.S., region, and State (annual). Unconventional Dry...

  17. International energy indicators. [Statistical tables and graphs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-05-01

    International statistical tables and graphs are given for the following: (1) Iran - Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-April 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia - Crude Oil Capacity, Production, and Shut-in, March 1974-Apr 1980; (3) OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia) - Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-March 1980; (4) Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, January 1973-February 1980; (5) Oil Stocks - Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (Landed, 1973-1st Quarter, 1980); (6) Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, January 1973-December 1979; (7) USSR Crude Oil Production and Exports, January 1974-April 1980; and (8) Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, January 1973-March 1980. Similar statistical tables and graphs included for the United States include: (1) Imports of Crude Oil and Products, January 1973-April 1980; (2) Landed Cost of Saudi Oil in Current and 1974 Dollars, April 1974-January 1980; (3) US Trade in Coal, January 1973-March 1980; (4) Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-March 1980; and (5) US Energy/GNP Ratio, 1947 to 1979.

  18. Simulation of Sextet Diquark Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Richardson; David Winn

    2011-11-22

    We present a method for simulating the production and decay of particles in the sextet representation of $SU(3)_C$ including the simulation of QCD radiation. First results from the Monte Carlo simulation of sextet diquark production at the LHC including both resonant and pair production are presented. We include limits on resonant diquark production from recent ATLAS results and perform the first simulation studies of the less model dependent pair production mechanism.

  19. Farm Sheep Production in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, J. M.; Gray, James A.

    1956-01-01

    at all times. To drench sheep, use one hand to insert the drench gun a t the side of the animal's mouth in the area between the incisor teeth and molars, Drench gun is inserted at the side of the sheep's mouth with the right hand; left hand shuts... off the sheep's breathing and forces it to swallow., and clamp the other hand over the animal's nose to shut off its breathing and force i t to swallow. If the drench gun is inserted a t the front of the sheep's mouth, the animal may spit out...

  20. Ethyl Alcohol Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neal, Henry

    1981-01-01

    is added to and mixed with 150 gallons of water (12 gallons per bushel) at 120 degrees F. This begins the cooking process, during which the grain mixture or mash is constantly agitated. A liquefying enzyme (Taka Therm by Miles Laboratories Inc... exchanger is disposed of as waste water. However, it could be stored, cooled and used again as cooling water for the heat exchanger. Heat exchanger water use was determined from January through April production batches. Water use increases during summer...

  1. Arithmetical Functions : Infinite Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garimella Rama Murthy

    2012-11-26

    In this technical report, certain interesting classification of arithmetical functions is proposed. The notion of additively decomposable and multiplicatively decomposable arithmetical functions is proposed. The concepts of arithmetical polynomials and arithmetical power series are introduced. Using these concepts, an interesting Theorem relating arithmetical power series and infinite products has been proved. Also arithmetical polynomials are related to probabilistic number theory. Furthermore some results related to the Waring problem are discussed.

  2. Left Coast Electric Formerly Left Coast Conversions | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: EnergyLebanon County,Leflore County, Mississippi:

  3. International energy indicators. [International and US statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-03-01

    For the international sector, a table of data is first presented followed by corresponding graph of the data for the following: (1) Iran: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to February 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia (same as Iran); (3) OPEC (ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia); capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to January 1980; (4) non-OPEC Free World and US production of crude oil, 1973 to January 1980; (5) oil stocks: Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (landed), 1973 to 1979; (6) petroleum consumption by industrial countries, 1973 to October 1979; (7) USSR crude oil production, 1974 to February 1980; (8) Free World and US nuclear generation capacity, 1973 to January 1980. For the United States, the same data format is used for the following: (a) US imports of crude oil and products 1973 to January 1980; (b) landed cost of Saudi Arabia crude oil in current and 1974 dollars, 1974 to October 1979; (c) US trade in coal, 1973 to 1979; (d) summary of US merchandise trade, 1976 to January 1980; and (e) US energy/GNP ratio (in 1972 dollars), 1947 to 1979.

  4. Oil demand continues to grow in the U.S. and worldwide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.; Beck, R.J.

    1995-07-31

    Rising oil consumption is challenging the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production quota--but not the group`s ability to meet demand. In the second half of 1995, the oil market will continue to need more oil from OPEC members than the group claims to be willing to produce with its quota at 24.52 million b/d. If the quota really limited supply, ingredients would be in place for a significant price hike. Growth in a non-OPEC production intensities temptations on OPEC members to cheat on quotas and has become a key factor in the market. OPEC producers have seen that if they don`t meet incremental demand at the current price, other producers will. OPEC eventually will have to raise its quota or acknowledge that the artificial production limit lacks meaning. At present, the only real limit to supply is production capacity, which remains in excess relative to demand and which has demonstrated its ability to grow both within and outside of OPEC when prices rise. The paper discusses worldwide trends, pressures on OPEC, world crude prices, US prices, natural gas prices, US energy demand, natural gas use, gas supply, US demand for petroleum products, imports, and inventories.

  5. Product Design Specifications Starting Product Development Projects Right

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salustri, Filippo A.

    Product Design Specifications Starting Product Development Projects Right Filippo A What? How? teams must solve same problem unfettered innovation v.risk management need to created balanced designs a structured control document a thinking tool a collaboration tool promotes innovation

  6. PRODUCTION OF CARBON PRODUCTS USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dady Dadyburjor; Chong Chen; Elliot B. Kennel; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

    2005-12-12

    The purpose of this DOE-funded effort is to develop technologies for carbon products from coal-derived feed-stocks. Carbon products can include precursor materials such as solvent extracted carbon ore (SECO) and synthetic pitch (Synpitch). In addition, derived products include carbon composites, fibers, foams and others.

  7. Data mining in design of products and production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    Data mining in design of products and production systems Andrew Kusiak *, Matthew Smith Intelligent Data mining is acquiring its own identity by refining concepts from other disciplines, developing affected by the data mining pursuit. This paper outlines areas of product and manufacturing system design

  8. The Girl Len Left Behind 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    ............................................................................................29 4.3.1 Camera Structure, Viewing Frustum.................................................29 4.3.2 Background Color, Image and Skybox .............................................31 4.3.3 Fog..............................................................................86 F.1 Camera Structure....................................................................................86 F.2 Fog State Structure.................................................................................87 F.3 Window Structure...

  9. THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority SustainXSystemTraining (MERRTT)THE USEWORLD'S

  10. Artists 'draw on air' to create 3D illustrations (Left) An artist tests Drawing on Air, which uses a stereoscopic desktop display, stylus and tracking device. (Right) An illustration of a 3D bat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    Artists 'draw on air' to create 3D illustrations (Left) An artist tests Drawing on Air, which uses a stylus in one hand and a tracking device in the other, an artist can draw 3D objects in the air with unprecedented precision. This new system is called "Drawing on Air," and researchers have designed the interface

  11. Please cite this article in press as: Ramsey, R., & Hamilton, A.F.d.C. Triangles have goals too: Understanding action representation in left aIPS. Neuropsychologia (2010), doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.04.028

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Antonia

    2010-01-01

    Please cite this article in press as: Ramsey, R., & Hamilton, A.F.d.C. Triangles have goals too communication Triangles have goals too: Understanding action representation in left aIPS Richard Ramsey of animacy Corresponding author. E-mail address: richard.ramsey@nottingham.ac.uk (R. Ramsey). and brain

  12. Cavitation on a modern ship propeller.This photograph was taken by Mark Duttweiler (PhD '01) in Caltech's Mechanical Engineering, Low Turbulence Water Tunnel. The flow is from right to left. Enter the second issue of ENGenious.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haile, Sossina M.

    ) in Caltech's Mechanical Engineering, Low Turbulence Water Tunnel. The flow is from right to left. #12;4 5 of Engineering and Applied Science itself is ever evolving--a collection of exceptional people doing exceptional of Engineering and Applied Science. Finally, before you read on, I would like to take this opportunity to thank

  13. Working Paper #3 Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Qinglin

    for Environmentally Certified Wood Products #12;2 Introduction An argument against wood product environmental an overview of wood product environmental certification and to describe the Certification Information System through all levels of distribution. Environmental product certification Environmental product

  14. Software Productivity Measurement Using Multiple Size Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    Software Productivity Measurement Using Multiple Size Measures Software Productivity MeasurementContents Introduction Background Related work Motivation Productivity measurement - Measurement model - Productivity measure construction - Productivity analysis Conclusion Discussion #12;Software Engineering Lab, KAIST 3

  15. Bakken Shale Oil Production Trends 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tran, Tan

    2012-07-16

    ) database and in the format of monthly production for oil, water and gas. Additional 95 well data including daily production rate, completion, Pressure Volume Temperature (PVT), pressure data are given from companies who sponsor for this research study...

  16. Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuel Processing Using Micro-channel Steam Reforming & Advanced Separations Technology · ITM Syngas Production · Capital Costs · O&M · Separation Technology · Control and Safety · Feedstock and Water Issues for Hydrogen Production · Separation Membrane Development · Internal Combustion Engines · Reduced Turbine

  17. Enabling effective product launch decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akamphon, Sappinandana

    2008-01-01

    The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

  18. Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement Through Multi-Attribute System Design Engineering Systems Division #12;Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement Through Multi of Science in Engineering and Management February 2005 ABSTRACT Automotive industry is facing a tough period

  19. Central Exclusive Production at LHCb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronan McNulty; for the LHCb collaboration

    2015-11-23

    Central Exclusive Production is a unique QCD process in which particles are produced via colourless propagators. Several results have been obtained at LHCb for the production of single charmonia, pairs of charmonia, and single bottomonia.

  20. Competition, Innovation, and Product Exit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, John

    2001-03-19

    Why do products exit markets? This paper integrates rationale for product exit from a number of different literatures and compares the statistical and substantive effect of these explanations. We use a novel dataset ...

  1. Wheat Production in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkins, I. M.; Porter, K. B.; Lahr, Keith; Merkle, Owen G.; Futrell, M. C.

    1960-01-01

    of the land after har- This permits penetration of summer rains illing of weeds and volunteer wheat. Leav- le stubble as a mulch aids in preventing erosion. These practices fit well into both uous and fallow wheat production. Another I is that of delayed... races of leaf and stem rust. The spikes are awnless and the glumes white. Several other soft wheat varieties are grown on small acreages. These include Atlas 66, Coker 47-27, Austin, Clarkan, Vigo, Blackhawk and KanQueen. HARD RED SPRING WHEAT...

  2. Barley Production in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkins, I. M.; Gardenshire, J. H.; McDaniel, M. E.; Porter, K. B.

    1969-01-01

    -68' Produc- Yield Farm Acreage tion, per acre, price per Year Seeded Harvested bushels bushel bushel 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 Average 'Data furnished by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Statis- tical Reporting... placement TABLE 7. FERTILIZER RESPONSE OF SMALL GRAINS IPl GRAIN, FORAGE AND SILAGE PRODUCTION Forage yield, pounds per acre of dry matter College Station (7) 400 pounds 400 pounds 5-10-10 No 5-10-10 at seeding plus Crop fertilizer at seeding - 30 N...

  3. Challenges facing production grids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pordes, Ruth; /Fermilab

    2007-06-01

    Today's global communities of users expect quality of service from distributed Grid systems equivalent to that their local data centers. This must be coupled to ubiquitous access to the ensemble of processing and storage resources across multiple Grid infrastructures. We are still facing significant challenges in meeting these expectations, especially in the underlying security, a sustainable and successful economic model, and smoothing the boundaries between administrative and technical domains. Using the Open Science Grid as an example, I examine the status and challenges of Grids operating in production today.

  4. Cotton Production in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, E. B.

    1959-01-01

    ........ Type 2 . Storm-resistant Big Boll 8 ............ Type 3 . Western Open Boll 8 ............ Type 4 . Texas Stormproof 8 .......... Type 5 . Trans-Pecos Irrigated 8 ...... . Type 6 Medium-staple Open Boll 8 Type 7 . American-Egyptian ............ 9... was named Acala. 'Today this variety is widely grown in the Trans-Pecos area of Texas and in New 2 first commercial production of cotton in R/T~~~~~, ~~i~~~~ and california. ras made by the Stephen F. Austin colonists, 1\\110 mtled along the lower Brazos...

  5. Home Fruit Production - Pears. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipe, John A.; Lyons, Calvin; Stein, Larry

    1988-01-01

    (Blank Pa,ge -in Origi.aI BoHetiDl ' : . 1 r . .- HOME FRUIT PRODUCTION - PEARS John A. Upe, Calvin Lyons and Larry Stein* Pears are long-lived attractive trees for Texas land scapes. Selected varieties produce good fruit with few management... problems. The three basic types of pears grown in the United States are European or French pears, Oriental hybrids and Asian pears. The common pears include such popular varieties as Bartlett, Bosc and D'Anjou. These and other common European varieties...

  6. Texas Angora Goat Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, James A.; Groff, Jack L.

    1970-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull0926.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 36684 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull0926.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 angora goat J. E. Hutchison..., Dimcror, College Station, Texas Texcs Anoora Goat Production JAMESA. GRAY AND JACK L. GROFF* Angora goats are adapted to a dry, mild cli- mate. Since they are primarily browsing animals, they thrive best where there is a good cover of -ush, weeds...

  7. NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014ProvedYear Jan Feb MarNGPL Production, Gaseous

  8. NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014ProvedYear Jan Feb MarNGPL Production, Gaseous

  9. Production Project Accounts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matrices inPrincipalFirmProduction Project Accounts

  10. Products, Services: Not Procurable

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matrices inPrincipalFirmProduction ProjectServices

  11. Weekly Refiner Net Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices Globaldieselgasolinemonthlysummer1Net Production

  12. Shale Gas Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988 1.996 2.003 1990-2016November 20001:Gas Production

  13. Monthly Biodiesel Production Report

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO), 19992,Biodiesel production

  14. MTBE Production Economics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousandReport) | SciTechAdministrationMTBE Production Economics Tancred

  15. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  16. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  17. Estimate product quality with ANNs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brambilla, A. [Univ. of Pisa (Italy); Trivella, F. [Adicon Advanced Distillation Control SrL, Pisa (Italy)

    1996-09-01

    Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been applied to predict catalytic reformer octane number (ON) and gasoline splitter product qualities. Results show that ANNs are a valuable tool to derive fast and accurate product quality measurements, and offer a low-cost alternative to online analyzers or rigorous mathematical models. The paper describes product quality measurements, artificial neural networks, ANN structure, estimating gasoline octane numbers, and estimating naphtha splitter product qualities.

  18. Covered Product Categories (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-02-01

    List of Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)-designated product categories for energy-efficient procurement requirements.

  19. Petroleum Engineering 410 Production Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Description: Fundamental production engineering design, evaluation, and optimization of oil and gas producing Be able to evaluate near wellbore problems in oil and gas well production, identify the problems cause40 Petroleum Engineering 410 Production Engineering Credit 3: (3-0) Required for Seniors Catalog

  20. WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR · FISH ON OF FISH MEAL AND OIL , ESPECIALLY DUR ING 1953 TO 1959, THE PRI NC IPAL MARKET S FOR THE PRODUCTS- DICATE WHAT IS INCLUDED BESIDES FISHMEAL AND FISH BODY OIL. #12;WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL

  1. Wood products What is wood?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slik, Ferry

    Products Particleboard sheets of woods consisting of small wood pieces Production - Wood chipping - Sorting Fiberboard sheets of wood produced from wood fibers (often feels a bit papery) Production - Wood chips for horizontal connections Functions - Protection (secondary compounds) - Horizontal transport - Storage The rays

  2. Isotope Research 229 Th production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isotope Research ­ 229 Th production We recently completed an ARRA-funded project of this type on 229 Th production reactions [Str11]. This long-lived isotope is important as a precursor to 225 Ac of accelerator production of 229 Th via the 230 Th(p,2n)229 Pa reaction. The 229 Pa decays primarily by electron

  3. Consensus Coal Production Forecast for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Consensus Coal Production Forecast for West Virginia 2009-2030 Prepared for the West Virginia Summary 1 Recent Developments 2 Consensus Coal Production Forecast for West Virginia 10 Risks References 27 #12;W.Va. Consensus Coal Forecast Update 2009 iii List of Tables 1. W.Va. Coal Production

  4. Upsilon Productions at STAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Hamed

    2010-05-22

    The $\\Upsilon(1S+2S+3S)\\to e^{+}e^{-}$ cross section is measured at mid-rapidity ($y$) in $p+p$ collisions and in d$+Au$ collisions at center-of-mass energy $\\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV with the STAR detector at RHIC. In $p+p$, the measured cross section is found to be consistent with the world data trend as a function of $\\sqrt{s}$, in agreement with the Color Evaportaion Model (CEM), and underestimated by the Color Singlet Model (CSM) up to the Next-to-Leading-Order Quantum Chromodynamics (NLO QCD) calculations. In d+$Au$, the measured cross section is in agreement with the CEM prediction with anti-shadowing effects, and the nuclear modification factor indicates that $\\Upsilon(1S+2S+3S)$ production follows binary scaling within the current uncertainties. These measurements provide a benchmark for the future measurements of $\\Upsilon$ production in $Au+Au$ collisions.

  5. Method for production of magnesium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diaz, Alexander F. (Cambridge, MA); Howard, Jack B. (Winchester, MA); Modestino, Anthony J. (Hanson, MA); Peters, William A. (Lexington, MA)

    1998-01-01

    A continuous process for the production of elemental magnesium is described. Magnesium is made from magnesium oxide and a light hydrocarbon gas. In the process, a feed stream of the magnesium oxide and gas is continuously fed into a reaction zone. There the magnesium oxide and gas are reacted at a temperature of about 1400.degree. C. or greater in the reaction zone to provide a continuous product stream of reaction products, which include elemental magnesium. The product stream is continuously quenched after leaving the reaction zone, and the elemental magnesium is separated from other reaction products.

  6. Method for production of magnesium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diaz, A.F.; Howard, J.B.; Modestino, A.J.; Peters, W.A.

    1998-07-21

    A continuous process for the production of elemental magnesium is described. Magnesium is made from magnesium oxide and a light hydrocarbon gas. In the process, a feed stream of the magnesium oxide and gas is continuously fed into a reaction zone. There the magnesium oxide and gas are reacted at a temperature of about 1400 C or greater in the reaction zone to provide a continuous product stream of reaction products, which include elemental magnesium. The product stream is continuously quenched after leaving the reaction zone, and the elemental magnesium is separated from other reaction products. 12 figs.

  7. Production of zinc pellets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooper, John F. (Oakland, CA)

    1996-01-01

    Uniform zinc pellets are formed for use in batteries having a stationary or moving slurry zinc particle electrode. The process involves the cathodic deposition of zinc in a finely divided morphology from battery reaction product onto a non-adhering electrode substrate. The mossy zinc is removed from the electrode substrate by the action of gravity, entrainment in a flowing electrolyte, or by mechanical action. The finely divided zinc particles are collected and pressed into pellets by a mechanical device such as an extruder, a roller and chopper, or a punch and die. The pure zinc pellets are returned to the zinc battery in a pumped slurry and have uniform size, density and reactivity. Applications include zinc-air fuel batteries, zinc-ferricyanide storage batteries, and zinc-nickel-oxide secondary batteries.

  8. Production of zinc pellets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooper, J.F.

    1996-11-26

    Uniform zinc pellets are formed for use in batteries having a stationary or moving slurry zinc particle electrode. The process involves the cathodic deposition of zinc in a finely divided morphology from battery reaction product onto a non-adhering electrode substrate. The mossy zinc is removed from the electrode substrate by the action of gravity, entrainment in a flowing electrolyte, or by mechanical action. The finely divided zinc particles are collected and pressed into pellets by a mechanical device such as an extruder, a roller and chopper, or a punch and die. The pure zinc pellets are returned to the zinc battery in a pumped slurry and have uniform size, density and reactivity. Applications include zinc-air fuel batteries, zinc-ferricyanide storage batteries, and zinc-nickel-oxide secondary batteries. 6 figs.

  9. Production of magnesium metal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blencoe, James G. (Harriman, TN) [Harriman, TN; Anovitz, Lawrence M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Palmer, Donald A. (Oliver Springs, TN) [Oliver Springs, TN; Beard, James S. (Martinsville, VA) [Martinsville, VA

    2010-02-23

    A process of producing magnesium metal includes providing magnesium carbonate, and reacting the magnesium carbonate to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The carbon dioxide is used as a reactant in a second process. In another embodiment of the process, a magnesium silicate is reacted with a caustic material to produce magnesium hydroxide. The magnesium hydroxide is reacted with a source of carbon dioxide to produce magnesium carbonate. The magnesium carbonate is reacted to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The invention further relates to a process for production of magnesium metal or a magnesium compound where an external source of carbon dioxide is not used in any of the reactions of the process. The invention also relates to the magnesium metal produced by the processes described herein.

  10. LIPID PRODUCTION BY DUNALIELLA SALINA IN BATCH CULTURE: EFFECTS OF NITROGEN LIMITATION AND LIGHT INTENSITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weldy, C.S.; Huesemann, M.

    2007-01-01

    Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are increasing and may cause unknown deleterious environmental effects if left unchecked. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has predicted in its latest report a 2°C to 4°C increase in global temperatures even with the strictest CO2 mitigation practices. Global warming can be attributed in large part to the burning of carbon-based fossil fuels, as the concentration of atmospheric CO2 is directly related to the burning of fossil fuels. Biofuels which do not add CO2 to the atmosphere are presently generated primarily from terrestrial plants, i.e., ethanol from corn grain and biodiesel from soybean oil. The production of biofuels from terrestrial plants is severely limited by the availability of fertile land. Lipid production from microalgae and its corresponding biodiesel production have been studied since the late 1970s but large scale production has remained economically infeasible due to the large costs of sterile growing conditions required for many algal species. This study focuses on the potential of the halophilic microalgae species Dunaliella salina as a source of lipids and subsequent biodiesel production. The lipid production rates under high light and low light as well as nitrogen suffi cient and nitrogen defi cient culture conditions were compared for D. salina cultured in replicate photobioreactors. The results show (a) cellular lipid content ranging from 16 to 44% (wt), (b) a maximum culture lipid concentration of 450mg lipid/L, and (c) a maximum integrated lipid production rate of 46mg lipid/L culture*day. The high amount of lipids produced suggests that D. salina, which can be mass-cultured in non-sterile outdoor ponds, has strong potential to be an economically valuable source for renewable oil and biodiesel production.

  11. SU-E-J-32: Calypso(R) and Laser-Based Localization Systems Comparison for Left-Sided Breast Cancer Patients Using Deep Inspiration Breath Hold

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertson, S; Kaurin, D; Sweeney, L; Kim, J; Fang, L; Tran, A; Holloway, K

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Our institution uses a manual laser-based system for primary localization and verification during radiation treatment of left-sided breast cancer patients using deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH). This primary system was compared with sternum-placed Calypso(R) beacons (Varian Medical Systems, CA). Only intact breast patients are considered for this analysis. Methods: During computed tomography (CT) simulation, patients have BB and Calypso(R) surface beacons positioned sternally and marked for free-breathing and DIBH CTs. During dosimetry planning, BB longitudinal displacement between free breathing and DIBH CT determines laser mark (BH mark) location. Calypso(R) beacon locations from the DIBH CT are entered at the Tracking Station. During Linac simulation and treatment, patients inhale until the cross-hair and/or lasers coincide with the BH Mark, which can be seen using our high quality cameras (Pelco, CA). Daily Calypso(R) displacement values (difference from the DIBH-CT-based plan) are recorded.The displacement mean and standard deviation was calculated for each patient (77 patients, 1845 sessions). An aggregate mean and standard deviation was calculated weighted by the number of patient fractions.Some patients were shifted based on MV ports. A second data set was calculated with Calypso(R) values corrected by these shifts. Results: Mean displacement values indicate agreement within 1±3mm, with improvement for shifted data (Table). Conclusion: Both unshifted and shifted data sets show the Calypso(R) system coincides with the laser system within 1±3mm, demonstrating either localization/verification system will Resultin similar clinical outcomes. Displacement value uncertainty unilaterally reduces when shifts are taken into account.

  12. The Energy Endoscope: Real-time Detailed Energy Accounting for Wireless Sensor Nodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stathopoulos, Thanos; McIntire, Dustin; Kaiser, W J

    2007-01-01

    left) and energy-latency product (right) when running dcacheergy (left) and energy-latency product (right) when copying

  13. Hydroprocessing Bio-oil and Products Separation for Coke Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Douglas C.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Hart, Todd R.

    2013-04-01

    Fast pyrolysis of biomass can be used to produce a raw bio-oil product, which can be upgraded by catalytic hydroprocessing to hydrocarbon liquid products. In this study the upgraded products were distilled to recover light naphtha and oils and to produce a distillation resid with useful properties for coker processing and production of renewable, low-sulfur electrode carbon. For this hydroprocessing work, phase separation of the bio-oil was applied as a preparatory step to concentrate the heavier, more phenolic components thus generating a more amenable feedstock for resid production. Low residual oxygen content products were produced by continuous-flow, catalytic hydroprocessing of the phase separated bio-oil.

  14. Productivity prediction model based on Bayesian analysis and productivity console 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun, Seok Jun

    2005-08-29

    -THEN rule ....................... 91 23 Detailed KB schema on plan ...................... 96 24 Productivity console shows a project level view ............ 100 25 Productivity console shows a team level view ............. 101 26 Format of the weekly status... activities has been accomplished, deter- mine the current productivity of individual, team and project, or discover if resources are adequate. Without the correct information, it becomes impossible to actively monitor project failures and identify appropriate...

  15. Products and Technologies | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Products and Technologies Products and Technologies The Federal Energy Management Program provides information about energy-efficient and renewable energy products and technologies...

  16. Renewable Hydrogen Production from Biological Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hydrogen Production from Biological Systems Matthew Posewitz Colorado School of Mines DOE Biological Hydrogen Production Workshop September 24 th , 2013 H 2 production PSIIPSI...

  17. Diesel vs Gasoline Production | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    vs Gasoline Production Diesel vs Gasoline Production A look at refinery decisions that decide "swing" between diesel and gasoline production deer08leister.pdf More Documents &...

  18. Production and perception of glottal stops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garellek, Marc

    2013-01-01

    v Production studies . . . . . . . . . . . .aerodynamic theory of voice production. Journal of SpeechFrazier, M. ( 2009). The production and perception of pitch

  19. Genomic Prospecting for Microbial Biodiesel Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lykidis, Athanasios

    2008-01-01

    and Kato, N. (2002) Wax ester production from n-alkanes bycoli engineered for fuel production. Microbiology 152: 2529-Increased fatty acid production in potato by engineering of

  20. The electrophysiology of language perception and production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flinker, Adeen

    2012-01-01

    1977b) The perception and production of voice onset time inactivity during word production in spoken and sign language.cortex during speech production. Psychophysiology 42:180-

  1. Coal Combustion Products | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Coal Combustion Products Coal Combustion Products Coal combustion products (CCPs) are solid materials produced when coal is burned to generate electricity. Since coal provides the...

  2. Magna: Product Capabilities Brochure | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Product Capabilities Brochure Magna: Product Capabilities Brochure More Documents & Publications Remy: Presentation Remy: Comments GM-Ford-Chrysler: ATV Proposed Product Costs...

  3. PRODUCTION OF CARBON PRODUCTS USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dady Dadyburjor; Philip R. Biedler; Chong Chen; L. Mitchell Clendenin; Manoj Katakdaunde; Elliot B. Kennel; Nathan D. King; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

    2004-08-31

    This Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory sponsored project developed carbon products, using mildly hydrogenated solvents to extract the organic portion of coal to create synthetic pitches, cokes, carbon foam and carbon fibers. The focus of this effort was on development of lower cost solvents, milder hydrogenation conditions and improved yield in order to enable practical production of these products. This technology is needed because of the long-term decline in production of domestic feedstocks such as petroleum pitch and coal tar pitch. Currently, carbon products represents a market of roughly 5 million tons domestically, and 19 million tons worldwide. Carbon products are mainly derived from feedstocks such as petroleum pitch and coal tar pitch. The domestic supply of petroleum pitch is declining because of the rising price of liquid fuels, which has caused US refineries to maximize liquid fuel production. As a consequence, the long term trend has a decline in production of petroleum pitch over the past 20 years. The production of coal tar pitch, as in the case of petroleum pitch, has likewise declined significantly over the past two decades. Coal tar pitch is a byproduct of metallurgical grade coke (metcoke) production. In this industry, modern metcoke facilities are recycling coal tar as fuel in order to enhance energy efficiency and minimize environmental emissions. Metcoke production itself is dependent upon the production requirements for domestic steel. Hence, several metcoke ovens have been decommissioned over the past two decades and have not been replaced. As a consequence sources of coal tar are being taken off line and are not being replaced. The long-term trend is a reduction in coal tar pitch production. Thus import of feedstocks, mainly from Eastern Europe and China, is on the rise despite the relatively large transportation cost. To reverse this trend, a new process for producing carbon products is needed. The process must be economically competitive with current processes, and yet be environmentally friendly as well. The solvent extraction process developed uses mild hydrogenation of low cost oils to create powerful solvents that can dissolve the organic portion of coal. The insoluble portion, consisting mainly of mineral matter and fixed carbon, is removed via centrifugation or filtration, leaving a liquid solution of coal chemicals and solvent. This solution can be further refined via distillation to meet specifications for products such as synthetic pitches, cokes, carbon foam and fibers. The most economical process recycles 85% of the solvent, which itself is obtained as a low-cost byproduct from industrial processes such as coal tar or petroleum refining. Alternatively, processes have been developed that can recycle 100% of the solvent, avoiding any need for products derived from petroleum or coal tar.

  4. Top-quark production measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Cristinziani

    2015-11-13

    Recent measurements of top-quark production at hadron colliders are reviewed. The inclusive top-quark pair production is determined at four centre-of-mass energies at Tevatron and LHC with experimental uncertainties that are close to the uncertainties in theoretical calculations at next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD. Several differential measurements are performed and compared to simulation. Production of single top quarks is studied in the three different production channels. Top-quark pair production with neutral and charged vector bosons has been observed by the LHC experiments. Finally, production of additional heavy flavour quark pairs ($b\\bar{b}$, $t\\bar{t}$) is studied or searched for.

  5. Heavy Flavour Production at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benno List; for the H1; ZEUS Collaborations

    2006-05-19

    The production of charm and beauty quarks in ep collisions at HERA has been studied by the H1 and ZEUS collaborations. Charm production is generally well described in total rate and in shape by next to leading order (NLO) calculations in perturbative quantum chromodynamics (QCD), although in specific phase space corners the NLO calculations underestimate the observed cross sections. More and more beauty production data are becoming available. For this process, NLO QCD predictions tend to be lower than the measurements.

  6. Silo Construction Costs and Silage Production Practices. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, A. C. (Aden Combs)

    1955-01-01

    on a slope or on an area higher than ...- .,UArounding lots or fields. The lower end of he trench is left open for drainage. Excavating s done with a dragline or bulldozer, most usually a he latter. Best results were reported where the Z, lo...

  7. AGENDA: PETROLEUM PRODUCT TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The agenda for the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) public stakeholder meeting in New Orleans on petroleum product transmission, distribution, and storage.

  8. Hydrogen production from carbonaceous material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lackner, Klaus S.; Ziock, Hans J.; Harrison, Douglas P.

    2004-09-14

    Hydrogen is produced from solid or liquid carbon-containing fuels in a two-step process. The fuel is gasified with hydrogen in a hydrogenation reaction to produce a methane-rich gaseous reaction product, which is then reacted with water and calcium oxide in a hydrogen production and carbonation reaction to produce hydrogen and calcium carbonate. The calcium carbonate may be continuously removed from the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction zone and calcined to regenerate calcium oxide, which may be reintroduced into the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction zone. Hydrogen produced in the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction is more than sufficient both to provide the energy necessary for the calcination reaction and also to sustain the hydrogenation of the coal in the gasification reaction. The excess hydrogen is available for energy production or other purposes. Substantially all of the carbon introduced as fuel ultimately emerges from the invention process in a stream of substantially pure carbon dioxide. The water necessary for the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction may be introduced into both the gasification and hydrogen production and carbonation reactions, and allocated so as transfer the exothermic heat of reaction of the gasification reaction to the endothermic hydrogen production and carbonation reaction.

  9. Managers spur productivity gains. [USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brezovec, D.

    1981-12-01

    Output per worker hour grows at U.S. coal mines as management gears training programs and operating practices to fight falling productivity.

  10. Covered Product Category: Commercial Griddles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial griddles, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program

  11. Biomass Production and Nitrogen Recovery

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Project Peer Review WBS 4.2.2.10: Biomass Production and Nitrogen Recovery Date: March 23, 2015 Technology Area Review: Sustainability Principal Investigator: M. Cristina Negri...

  12. Covered Product Category: Commercial Fryers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial fryers, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

  13. Covered Product Category: Commercial Ovens

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial ovens, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

  14. Topologically Stratified Energy Minimizers in a Product Abelian Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiaosen Han; Yisong Yang

    2015-07-15

    We study a recently developed product Abelian gauge field theory by Tong and Wong hosting magnetic impurities. We first obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a unique solution realizing such impurities in the form of multiple vortices. We next reformulate the theory into an extended model that allows the coexistence of vortices and anti-vortices. The two Abelian gauge fields in the model induce two species of magnetic vortex-lines resulting from $N_s$ vortices and $P_s$ anti-vortices ($s=1,2$) realized as the zeros and poles of two complex-valued Higgs fields, respectively. An existence theorem is established for the governing equations over a compact Riemann surface $S$ which states that a solution with prescribed $N_1, N_2$ vortices and $P_1,P_2$ anti-vortices of two designated species exists if and only if the inequalities \\[ \\left|N_1+N_2-(P_1+P_2)\\right|right|energy of these solutions is shown to assume the explicit value \\[ E= 4\\pi (N_1+N_2+P_1+P_2), \\] given in terms of several topological invariants, measuring the total tension of the vortex-lines.

  15. Production of carboxylic acid and salt co-products

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanchar, Robert J.; Kleff, Susanne; Guettler, Michael V.

    2014-09-09

    This invention provide processes for producing carboxylic acid product, along with useful salts. The carboxylic acid product that is produced according to this invention is preferably a C.sub.2-C.sub.12 carboxylic acid. Among the salts produced in the process of the invention are ammonium salts.

  16. Environmental Aspects of Thin Film Module Production and Product Lifetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    Impact #12;3 Thin-Film PV -The Triangle of SuccessThin-Film PV -The Triangle of Success Low Cost of Thin Film Module Production and Product Lifetime Vasilis Fthenakis PV Environmental Research Center@bnl.gov web: www.pv.bnl.gov www.clca.columbia.edu #12;2 PV Sustainability CriteriaPV Sustainability Criteria

  17. Universal Product Design: Transforming User Activity Into Product Function 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostovich, Vincent

    2010-07-14

    Many people have disabilities and would like to have all of the amenities typical of daily life. Universal product design is important in designing for the disabled and creating user-friendly products for all people. The goal of this thesis...

  18. Comparing Product Development Processes and Managing Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unger, Darian W.

    Product Development Processes (PDPs) require careful design to reduce development time, create better products and manage the risks of bringing new products to market. This paper investigates the relationship between product ...

  19. Productivity Improvement of a Manual Assembly Line 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yerasi, Pranavi

    2012-10-19

    The current project addresses the productivity improvement of a manual assembly line by making use of operations analysis in the framework of Lean production. A methodology is proposed that helps to improve the productivity of any production process...

  20. SU-E-T-361: Clinical Benefit of Automatic Beam Gating Mixed with Breath Hold in Radiation Therapy of Left Breast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, J; Hill, G; Spiegel, J; Ye, J; Mehta, V

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To investigate the clinical and dosimetric benefits of automatic gating of left breast mixed with breath-hold technique. Methods: Two Active Breathing Control systems, ABC2.0 and ABC3.0, were used during simulation and treatment delivery. The two systems are different such that ABC2.0 is a breath-hold system without beam control capability, while ABC3.0 has capability in both breath-hold and beam gating. At simulation, each patient was scanned twice: one with free breathing (FB) and one with breath hold through ABC. Treatment plan was generated on the CT with ABC. The same plan was also recalculated on the CT with FB. These two plans were compared to assess plan quality. For treatments with ABC2.0, beams with MU > 55 were manually split into multiple subfields. All subfields were identical and shared the total MU. For treatment with ABC3.0, beam splitting was unnecessary. Instead, treatment was delivered in gating mode mixed with breath-hold technique. Treatment delivery efficiency using the two systems was compared. Results: The prescribed dose was 50.4Gy at 1.8Gy/fraction. The maximum heart dose averaged over 10 patients was 46.0±2.5Gy and 24.5±12.2Gy for treatments with FB and with ABC respectively. The corresponding heart V10 was 13.2±3.6% and 1.0±1.6% respectively. The averaged MUs were 99.8±7.5 for LMT, 99.2±9.4 for LLT. For treatment with ABC2.0, normally the original beam was split into 2 subfields. The averaged total time to delivery all beams was 4.3±0.4min for treatments with ABC2.0 and 3.3±0.6min for treatments with ABC3.0 in gating mode. Conclusion: Treatment with ABC tremendously reduced heart dose. Compared to treatments with ABC2.0, gating with ABC3.0 reduced the total treatment time by 23%. Use of ABC3.0 improved the delivery efficiency, and eliminated the possibility of mistreatments. The latter may happen with ABC2.0 where beam is not terminated when breath signal falls outside of the treatment window.

  1. The Future of Bioenergy Feedstock Production

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2 Bioenergy Technologies Office background Feedstock assessment, production and logistics Biomass yield improvements Sustainable feedstock production Future...

  2. Health & Productivity - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health & Productivity Health Education & Wellness Downloads & Patient Materials Health & Productivity Health Calculators & Logs Health Coaching Health Fairs and Screenings...

  3. A Photosynthetic Hydrogel for Catalytic Hydrogen Production ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Photosynthetic Hydrogel for Catalytic Hydrogen Production Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > A Photosynthetic Hydrogel for Catalytic Hydrogen Production...

  4. Autofermentative Biological Hydrogen Production by Cyanobacteria...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Autofermentative Biological Hydrogen Production by Cyanobacteria Autofermentative Biological Hydrogen Production by Cyanobacteria Presentation by Charles Dismukes, Rutgers...

  5. PUBLICATIONS LIST Louisiana Forest Products Development Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Service Suppliers: The Wood Products Industry. Vlosky #5 Opportunities for Quick Response Products and Service Suppliers:

  6. Transverse Energy Production at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qun Li; Yang Pang; Nu Xu

    1999-06-18

    We study the mechanism of transverse energy (E_T) production in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. The time evolution starting from the initial energy loss to the final E_T production is closely examined in transport models. The relationship between the experimentally measured E_T distribution and the maximum energy density achieved is discussed.

  7. Open Charm Production at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xin Dong

    2005-09-30

    Recent experimental measurements on open charm production in proton-proton, proton (deuteron)-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC are reviewed. A comparison with theoretical predictions is made. Some unsettled issues in open charm production call for precise measurements on directly reconstructed open charm hadrons.

  8. Planning for Profitable Egg Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, A. C. (Aden Combs); Stone, B. H.; Wormeli, B. C. (Ben C.)

    1964-01-01

    Profits .................... 12 ...... Egg Production Per Hen Related to Profits 12 .................... Feed Efficiency Related to Profits 14 .... Differences in Mortality Rates and Earnings 14 .................................... Savings in Feed..., management failures of this type ltelc won corrected, but not without a temporary reduction in egg production for the birds affected. / When automatic water lines were permitted to ileere during cold weather an inadequate supply of drinking water...

  9. 2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report May 2014 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U Administration | 2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report ii Contacts This report was prepared by the staff of the Renewables and Uranium Statistics Team, Office of Electricity, Renewables, and Uranium Statistics. Questions

  10. Covered Product Category: Fluorescent Ballasts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP provides acquisition guidance and federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including fluorescent ballasts, which is a FEMP designated product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  11. Product Futures Andrew B. Kahng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahng, Andrew B.

    -based products and sys- tems that incorporate these technologies? In the Interna- tional Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS; http://www.itrs.net), the chapter on system drivers con- tains simple, center-line roadmaps. The ITRS iden- tifies product roadmaps up to the level of packages and modules. Another prominent effort

  12. Reheating and Cosmic String Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao-Jun Feng; Xian Gao; Miao Li; Wei Song; Yushu Song

    2008-01-04

    We compute the string production rate at the end of inflation, using the string spectrum obtained in \\lss in a near-de Sitter space. Our result shows that highly excited strings are hardly produced, thus the simple slow-roll inflation alone does not offer a cosmic string production mechanism.

  13. Interdependencies 1989, Part III: Focus on solidarity with OPEC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-07-10

    Several non-OPEC countries, and sometimes elements within countries, have been in dialogue with OPEC about oil market supply, demand, and pricing for the past few years. Recently, some have attended OPEC meetings as observers for the first time. Economists have asked, Will this strengthen OPEC make it into a true cartel Is free oil marketing threatened In this issue a remarkable paper addresses the evolution of relationships between OPEC and non-OPEC producers. This issue also presents the following: (1) ED refining netback data series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of July 7, 1989; and (2) ED fuel price/tax series for the countries of the Western Hemisphere, July 1989 edition. Includes paper by John Roberts, OPEC and non-OPEC Relations, March 1989. 2 figs., 5 tabs.

  14. Ethanol production by Zymomonas mobilis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strandberg, G.W.; Scott, C.D.; Donaldson, T.L.; Worden, R.M.

    1983-01-01

    Research progress is described on the development of laboratory-scale columnar bioreactors utilizing the flocculent bacterium, X. mobilis, for ethanol production. X. mobilis forms stable, ball-like aggregates which maintain structural integrity even when subjected to the high shear forces generated in the active 3-phase fluidized-bed reactors. Cell retention and ethanol production were studied using 3 bioreactor configurations. Ethanol productivity appeared to be primarily affected by glucose feed concentration. In addition, it was found that in the absence of nutrients, the level of ethanol productivity can be maintained for at least 1 h before a severe drop occurred. Ethanol inhibition is considered to be a limiting factor in ethanol production. (DMC)

  15. Reducing carbon dioxide to products

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cole, Emily Barton; Sivasankar, Narayanappa; Parajuli, Rishi; Keets, Kate A

    2014-09-30

    A method reducing carbon dioxide to one or more products may include steps (A) to (C). Step (A) may bubble said carbon dioxide into a solution of an electrolyte and a catalyst in a divided electrochemical cell. The divided electrochemical cell may include an anode in a first cell compartment and a cathode in a second cell compartment. The cathode may reduce said carbon dioxide into said products. Step (B) may adjust one or more of (a) a cathode material, (b) a surface morphology of said cathode, (c) said electrolyte, (d) a manner in which said carbon dioxide is bubbled, (e), a pH level of said solution, and (f) an electrical potential of said divided electrochemical cell, to vary at least one of (i) which of said products is produced and (ii) a faradaic yield of said products. Step (C) may separate said products from said solution.

  16. Anomalous Cosmic Ray Production in the Heliosheath Jacob Chamoun, Prof. James F. Drake, Dr. Marc Swisdak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    with highlighted islands Island with wall velocities Left to right: energized ion track, energized, de-energized

  17. PRODUCTION OF CARBON PRODUCTS USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dady Dadyburjor; Chong Chen; Elliot B. Kennel; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

    2006-02-23

    The purpose of this DOE-funded effort is to develop technologies for carbon products from coal-derived feedstocks. Carbon products can include precursor materials such as solvent extracted carbon ore (SECO) and synthetic pitch (Synpitch). In addition, derived products include carbon composites, fibers, foams and others. Key milestones included producing hydrogenated coal in the Hydrotreating Facility for the first time. The facility is now operational, although digital controls have not yet been completely wired. In addition, ultrasound is being used to investigate enhanced dissolution of coal. Experiments have been carried out.

  18. Developing Microalgae as Production Platforms for Natural Products /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoepp, Nathan

    2013-01-01

    triacylglycerol production in microalgae. Microb Cell Fact,V. , Vítová, M. 2011. Microalgae—novel highly efficientL. , Oliveira, A.C. 2009. Microalgae as a raw material for

  19. Coal combustion products 2007 production and use report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-07-01

    The American Coal Ash Association's 2007 Annual Coal Combustion Products (CCP) are derived from data from more than 170 power plants. The amount of CCPs used was 40.55%, a decrease of 2.88% from 2006, attributed to reduced fuel burn and a decrease in demand in the building industry. Figures are given for the production of fly ash, flue gas desulfurization gypsum, bottom ash, FBC ash and boiler slag. The article summarises results of the survey. 1 ref., 1 tab.

  20. The production of iron carbide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, K.M.; Scheel, J. [Nucor Iron Carbide, Inc., Point Lisas (Trinidad and Tobago)

    1997-12-31

    From start-up in 1994 to present, Nucor`s Iron Carbide plant has overcome many obstacles in achieving design production. Many of these impediments were due to flaws in equipment design. With the integration existing within the plant, limitations in any one system reduced the operating capacity of others. For this reason, as modifications were made and system capacities were increased, the need for additional modifications became apparent. Subsequently, operating practices, maintenance scheduling, employee incentives, and production objectives were continually adapted. This paper discusses equipment and design corrections and the quality issues that contributed to achieving the plant`s production capacity.

  1. Photocatalytic Photocatalytic bioethanol production as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Photocatalytic Photocatalytic bioethanol production as future green energy solution Aakash of waste biomass Fermentation Membrane separation of Biofuel Photocatalytic bioethanol vs conventional bioethanol #12;h Natural irradiation or low power illumination Release of fermentable sugars Microbial

  2. Optimizing Profits from Hydroelectricity Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leclercq, Remi

    Optimizing Profits from Hydroelectricity Production Daniel De Ladurantaye Michel Gendreau Jean the profits obtained by the stochastic model. Keywords: Hydroelectricity, electricity market, prices, dams countries deregulate their electricity market, new challenges appear for hydroelectricity producers

  3. Texas Catfish Production in Ponds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masser, Michael P.; Woods, Peter; Clary, Gregory M.

    2005-03-31

    waste decomposition. ? Excessive bacterial decomposition from algae bloom die-offs and over-feeding. ? Reduced oxygen production from photosyn- thesis because of cloud cover or fog. ? Lack of water agitation from wind. ? Rapid reduction in algae...

  4. Reduction in Unit Steam Production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gombos, R.

    2004-01-01

    In 2001 the company's Arch-Brandenburg facility faced increased steam costs due to high natural gas prices and decreased production due to shutdown of a process. The facility was challenged to reduce unit steam consumption to minimize the effects...

  5. JGI Lab Ergo Products Catalog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre, Melanie

    2010-01-01

    Yes New Tech Vortex 50mL conical tube vertical adapter w/Yes Location New Tech Vortex 50mL conical tube horizontalModified Products Vortex 50mL conical tube horizontal

  6. Production, Storage, and FC Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation on Production, Storage, and FC Analysis to the DOE Systems Analysis Workshop held in Washington, D.C. July 28-29, 2004 to discuss and define role of systems analysis in DOE Hydrogen Program.

  7. Production expansion continues to accelerate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-01

    This paper reports that Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) is continuing its accelerated Crude Oil Expansion Program initiated in 1989 that aims at achieving a 10 million bpd productive capacity by 1995. In addition to major engineering, construction and renovation work related to production expansion, Saudi Aramco drilling and workover operations have been markedly expanded. Since January 1991, rig activity has doubled. As an indication of aging of Saudi production, projects include modernizing current injection water treatment facilities, installing a new seawater injection plant on the Persian Gulf, installing dewatering facilities in a number of locations and installing a pilot gas lift project. In addition, equipment orders indicate the new discoveries south of Riyadh may also need the assistance of water injection from inception of production.

  8. Transmission Services Product Pricing Validation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 09:00 PPT on the above effective date. On October 15, 2013, at 08:00 (PPT), Transmission Services will be updating the OASIS default product prices to reflect the 2014...

  9. Transmission Services Product Pricing Validation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 12:00 PPT on the above effective date. On October 1, 2015, at 11:00 (PPT), Transmission Services will be updating the OASIS default product prices to reflect the 2016...

  10. EIA-914 monthly production report

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Monthly Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production Release date: August 31, 2015 | Next release date: September 30, 2015 Beginning with the June 2015 data, EIA is providing estimates for...

  11. User cost in oil production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1990-01-01

    The assumption of an initial fixed mineral stock is superfluous and wrong. User cost (resource rent) in mineral production is the present value of expected increases in development cost. It can be measured as the difference ...

  12. Production of virus resistant plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dougherty, William G. (Philomath, OR); Lindbo, John A. (Kent, WA)

    1996-01-01

    A method of suppressing virus gene expression in plants using untranslatable plus sense RNA is disclosed. The method is useful for the production of plants that are resistant to virus infection.

  13. Approximate Graph Products Marc Hellmutha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Peter F.

    Approximate Graph Products Marc Hellmutha , Wilfried Imrichb , Werner Kl¨ocklb , Peter F. Stadlera or fingers) can vary independently of other traits, or Email addresses: marc@bioinf.uni-leipzig.de (Marc

  14. Production of virus resistant plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dougherty, W.G.; Lindbo, J.A.

    1996-12-10

    A method of suppressing virus gene expression in plants using untranslatable plus sense RNA is disclosed. The method is useful for the production of plants that are resistant to virus infection. 9 figs.

  15. Lightning Arrestor Connectors Production Readiness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marten, Steve; Linder, Kim; Emmons, Jim; Gomez, Antonio; Hasam, Dawud; Maurer, Michelle

    2008-10-20

    The Lightning Arrestor Connector (LAC), part “M”, presented opportunities to improve the processes used to fabricate LACs. The A## LACs were the first production LACs produced at the KCP, after the product was transferred from Pinnellas. The new LAC relied on the lessons learned from the A## LACs; however, additional improvements were needed to meet the required budget, yield, and schedule requirements. Improvement projects completed since 2001 include Hermetic Connector Sealing Improvement, Contact Assembly molding Improvement, development of a second vendor for LAC shells, general process improvement, tooling improvement, reduction of the LAC production cycle time, and documention of the LAC granule fabrication process. This report summarizes the accomplishments achieved in improving the LAC Production Readiness.

  16. Product Review Process and Approvals

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Publications, exhibits, logos, and templates developed by EERE staff, laboratories, and contractors must be reviewed and approved by the Product Governance Team (PGT). The PGT meets every other week.

  17. Strangeness production from pp collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bing-Song Zou; Ju-Jun Xie

    2009-10-23

    The study of the strangeness production from pp collisions plays important roles in two aspects: exploring the properties of baryon resonances involved and understanding the strangeness production from heavy ion collisions to explore the properties of high energy and high density nuclear matter. Here we review our recent studies on several most important channels for the strangeness production from pp collisions. The previously ignored contributions from Delta*(1620) and N*(1535) resonances are found to play dominant role for the pp --> n K+ Sigma+, pp --> pK+ Lambda and pp --> pp phi reactions near-thresholds. These contributions should be included for further studies on the strangeness production from both pp collisions and heavy ion collisions.

  18. Lexical influences on disfluency production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnadt, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    Natural spoken language is full of disfluency. Around 10% of utterances produced in everyday speech contain disfluencies such as repetitions, repairs, filled pauses and other hesitation phenomena. The production of ...

  19. Strangeness Production at the SPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Blume; for the NA49 Collaboration

    2009-11-06

    Systematic studies on the production of strange hyperons and the phi meson as a function of beam energy and system size performed by the NA49 collaboration are discussed. Hadronic transport models fail to describe the production of multi strange particles (Xi, Omega), while statistical models are generally in good agreement to the measured particle yields at all energies. The system size dependence is well reproduced by the core-corona approach. New data on K*(892) production are presented. The yields of these short-lived resonances are significantly below the statistical model expectation. This is in line with the interpretation that the measurable yields are reduced due to rescattering of their decay products inside the fireball.

  20. Forest Products Industry Technology Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2010-04-01

    This document describes the forest products industry's research and development priorities. The original technology roadmap published by the industry in 1999 and was most recently updated in April 2010.

  1. Hydrogen Production Technical Team Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-06-01

    The Hydrogen Production Technical Team Roadmap identifies research pathways leading to hydrogen production technologies that produce near-zero net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from highly efficient and diverse renewable energy sources. This roadmap focuses on initial development of the technologies, identifies their gaps and barriers, and describes activities by various U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) offices to address the key issues and challenges.

  2. Fishing Revenue, Productivity and Product Choice in the Alaskan Pollock Fishery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul, Catherine J.; O. Torres, Marcelo; Felthoven, Ronald G.

    2009-01-01

    10.1007/s10640-009-9295-3 Fishing Revenue, Productivity andand Hannesson (2002). Fishing Revenue, Productivity andof price signals observed. Fishing Revenue, Productivity and

  3. Relating horsepower to drilling productivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Givens, R.; Williams, G.; Wingfield, B.

    1996-12-31

    Many technological advancements have been made in explosive products and applications over the last 15 years resulting in productivity and cost gains. However, the application of total energy (engine horsepower) in the majority of rotary drilling technology, has remained virtually unchanged over that period. While advancements have been made in components, efficiency, and types of hydraulic systems used on drills, the application of current hydraulic technology to improve drilling productivity has not been interactive with end users. This paper will investigate how traditional design assumptions, regarding typical application of horsepower in current rotary drill systems, can actually limit productivity. It will be demonstrated by numeric analysis how changing the partitioning of available hydraulic energy can optimize rotary drill productivity in certain conditions. Through cooperative design ventures with drill manufacturers, increased penetration rates ranging from 20% to 100% have been achieved. Productivity was increased initially on some rigs by careful selection of optional hydraulic equipment. Additional gains were made in drilling rates by designing the rotary hydraulic circuit to meet the drilling energies predicted by computer modeling.

  4. OPEC production: Untapped reserves, world demand spur production expansion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

    1994-05-02

    To meet projected world oil demand, almost all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have embarked on ambitious capacity expansion programs aimed at increasing oil production capabilities. These expansion programs are in both new and existing oil fields. In the latter case, the aim is either to maintain production or reduce the production decline rate. However, the recent price deterioration has led some major OPEC producers, such as Saudi Arabia and Iran, to revise downward their capacity plans. Capital required for capacity expansion is considerable. Therefore, because the primary source of funds will come from within each OPEC country, a reasonably stable and relatively high oil price is required to obtain enough revenue for investing in upstream projects. This first in a series of two articles discusses the present OPEC capacity and planned expansion in the Middle East. The concluding part will cover the expansion plans in the remaining OPEC countries, capital requirements, and environmental concerns.

  5. Star Products for Relativistic Quantum Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Henselder

    2007-05-24

    The star product formalism has proved to be an alternative formulation for nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. We want introduce here a covariant star product in order to extend the star product formalism to relativistic quantum mechanics in the proper time formulation.

  6. Production Scheduling with Energy Efficiency Constraints 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, J.; Kozman, T. A.; Wang, X.

    2007-01-01

    This research is motivated by a real world production scheduling problem in a continuous manufacturing system involving multiple objectives, multiple products and multiple processing lines with various inventory, production and energy efficiency...

  7. PRODUCTION SEQUENCING AS NEGOTIATION Michael Wooldridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woolridge, Mike

    PRODUCTION SEQUENCING AS NEGOTIATION Michael Wooldridge Stefan Bussmann ¡ Marcus Klosterberg, Germany ¢ bussmann, klosterb£ @DBresearch-berlin.de Abstract The production sequencing problem involves a factory generating a product sequence such that when processed, the sequence will both satisfy current

  8. Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum for isobutanol production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Kevin Michael; Cho, Kwang-Myung; Liao, James C.

    2010-01-01

    K (eds) The microbial production of amino acids. Halsted,K (eds) The microbial production of amino acids. Halsted,with valine and lysine production titers reaching ?100 g/L (

  9. Essays on Trade and Production Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noguera, Guillermo Marcelo

    2011-01-01

    Trade in 2 Augmented Gravity: Accounting for Production 2.13 Production Sharing and Trade Costs Over 3.1of the Database . . . . . . . 3.3 Production Sharing over

  10. Achieving Water-Sustainable Bioenergy Production | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Production Breakout Session 3-A: Growing a Water-Smart Bioeconomy Achieving Water-Sustainable Bioenergy Production May Wu, Principal Environmental System Analyst in the...

  11. Microsoft Word - Tritium Production and Environmental Impacts...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    be released to the environment. The operational differences between a tritium production reactor and a nuclear power plant without tritium production are as follows: * Tritium...

  12. STARLIKENESS OF POLYNOMIALS AND FINITE BLASCHKE PRODUCTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Frederick

    STARLIKENESS OF POLYNOMIALS AND FINITE BLASCHKE PRODUCTS ALAN GLUCHOFF, FREDERICK HARTMANN Abstract functions, starlike poynomials, starlike Blaschke products. 1 #12;2 ALAN GLUCHOFF, FREDERICK HARTMANN cases

  13. Adjusted Estimates of Texas Natural Gas Production

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is adjusting its estimates of natural gas production in Texas for 2004 and 2005 to correctly account for carbon dioxide (CO2) production.

  14. Sound Production in the Isolated Mouse Larynx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berquist, Sean

    2013-01-01

    of sound production. Sound traveling in a helium medium,production have been inconclusive, with one study using the effects of helium

  15. Innovative Breakthrough Demonstrated for Biological Ethanol Production...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    nearly doubled bio-ethanol productivity, increased conversion yields, and minimized microbial contaminants. The process showed increased productivity and efficiency, therefore...

  16. Colorado: Energy Modeling Products Support Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Modeling Products Support Energy Efficiency Projects Colorado: Energy Modeling Products Support Energy Efficiency Projects May 1, 2014 - 11:04am Addthis Xcel Energy, a...

  17. Symbiosis: Addressing Biomass Production Challenges and Climate...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Symbiosis: Addressing Biomass Production Challenges and Climate Change Symbiosis: Addressing Biomass Production Challenges and Climate Change This presentation was the opening...

  18. Economy Through Product Diversity: Integrated Biorefineries ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economy Through Product Diversity: Integrated Biorefineries Economy Through Product Diversity: Integrated Biorefineries Achieving national energy and climate goals will require an...

  19. Enhanced Anaerobic Digestion and Hydrocarbon Precursor Production...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    10 days Second trial experiments needs to be conducted up to 7 days to minimize the biogas production. Summary Renewable Methane Production We developed a novel process...

  20. Known Challenges Associated with the Production, Transportation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Acknowledgements 3 07052012 Introduction to Fast Pyrolysis Oil Production And Boiler Utilisation Technology - First 20 Years Oil production R&D - Prof Donald Scott...

  1. Genomic Prospecting for Microbial Biodiesel Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lykidis, Athanasios

    2008-01-01

    prospecting for microbial biodiesel production AthanasiosAC02-06NA25396. Abstract Biodiesel is defined as fatty acidfor the competitive production of biodiesel. 1. Introduction

  2. Factorization for hadronic heavy quarkonium production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-Wei Qiu

    2006-10-31

    We briefly review several models of heavy quarkonium production in hadronic collisions, and discuss the status of QCD factorization for these production models.

  3. Summary of Electrolytic Hydrogen Production: Milestone Completion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Electrolytic Hydrogen Production: Milestone Completion Report Summary of Electrolytic Hydrogen Production: Milestone Completion Report This report provides an overview of the...

  4. A Prospective Target for Advanced Biofuel Production

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Prospective Target for Advanced Biofuel Production A Prospective Target for Advanced Biofuel Production Print Thursday, 02 February 2012 13:34 The sesquiterpene bisabolene was...

  5. Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production Research (STCH): Thermochemic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the production of hydrogen and identifies the critical path challenges to the commercial potential of each cycle. Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production Research (STCH):...

  6. Iron production maintenance effectiveness system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Augstman, J.J. [Dofasco Inc., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)

    1996-12-31

    In 1989, an internal study in the Coke and Iron Maintenance Department identified the opportunities available to increase production, by decreasing unscheduled maintenance delays from 4.6%. A five year front loaded plan was developed, and presented to the company president. The plan required an initial investment of $1.4 million and a conservative break-even point was calculated to be 2.5 years. Due to budget restraints, it would have to be self-funded, i.e., generate additional production or savings, to pay for the program. The program began in 1991 at number 2 coke plant and the blast furnaces. This paper will describe the Iron Production Maintenance Effectiveness System (ME), which began with the mechanical and pipefitting trades.

  7. Synthesis of Polycyclic Natural Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuan Hoang Nguyen

    2003-05-31

    With the continuous advancements in molecular biology and modern medicine, organic synthesis has become vital to the support and extension of those discoveries. The isolations of new natural products allow for the understanding of their biological activities and therapeutic value. Organic synthesis is employed to aid in the determination of the relationship between structure and function of these natural products. The development of synthetic methodologies in the course of total syntheses is imperative for the expansion of this highly interdisciplinary field of science. In addition to the practical applications of total syntheses, the structural complexity of natural products represents a worthwhile challenge in itself. The pursuit of concise and efficient syntheses of complex molecules is both gratifying and enjoyable.

  8. Dynamics of assembly production flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezaki, Takahiro; Nishinari, Katsuhiro

    2015-01-01

    Despite recent developments in management theory, maintaining a manufacturing schedule remains difficult because of production delays and fluctuations in demand and supply of materials. The response of manufacturing systems to such disruptions to dynamic behavior has been rarely studied. To capture these responses, we investigate a process that models the assembly of parts into end products. The complete assembly process is represented by a directed tree, where the smallest parts are injected at leaves and the end products are removed at the root. A discrete assembly process, represented by a node on the network, integrates parts, which are then sent to the next downstream node as a single part. The model exhibits some intriguing phenomena, including overstock cascade, phase transition in terms of demand and supply fluctuations, nonmonotonic distribution of stockout in the network, and the formation of a stockout path and stockout chains. Surprisingly, these rich phenomena result from only the nature of distr...

  9. State Support of Domestic Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amy Wright

    2007-12-30

    This project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the State Support of Domestic Production DE-FC26-04NT15456. The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) performed efforts in support of State programs related to the security, reliability and growth if our nation's domestic production of oil and natural gas. The project objectives were to improve the States ability to monitor the security of oil and gas operations; to maximize the production of domestic oil and natural gas thereby minimizing the threat to national security posed by interruptions in energy imports; to assist States in developing and maintaining high standards of environmental protection; to assist in addressing issues that limit the capacity of the industry; to promote the deployment of the appropriate application of technology for regulatory efficiency; and to inform the public about emerging energy issues.

  10. Ethanol production method and system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, M.J.; Rathke, J.W.

    1983-05-26

    Ethanol is selectively produced from the reaction of methanol with carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the presence of a transition metal carbonyl catalyst. Methanol serves as a solvent and may be accompanied by a less volatile co-solvent. The solution includes the transition metal carbonyl catalysts and a basic metal salt such as an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal formate, carbonate or bicarbonate. A gas containing a high carbon monoxide to hydrogen ratio, as is present in a typical gasifer product, is contacted with the solution for the preferential production of ethanol with minimal water as a byproduct. Fractionation of the reaction solution provides substantially pure ethanol product and allows return of the catalysts for reuse.

  11. Methanol production method and system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Michael J. (Darien, IL); Rathke, Jerome W. (Bolingbrook, IL)

    1984-01-01

    Ethanol is selectively produced from the reaction of methanol with carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the presence of a transition metal carbonyl catalyst. Methanol serves as a solvent and may be accompanied by a less volatile co-solvent. The solution includes the transition metal carbonyl catalysts and a basic metal salt such as an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal formate, carbonate or bicarbonate. A gas containing a high carbon monoxide to hydrogen ratio, as is present in a typical gasifer product, is contacted with the solution for the preferential production of ethanol with minimal water as a byproduct. Fractionation of the reaction solution provides substantially pure ethanol product and allows return of the catalysts for reuse.

  12. Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability As part of Cooperative Agreement No. DE-Products Market and Off-take Study Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery, USA Prepared for Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Company Puunene, Hawaii, USA By Stillwater Associates LLC

  13. Enhancing Product Development Through Parametric and Product Data Management Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    data management (PDM) software tools can be utilized better in the furniture industry. The central Trends In Computer-Aided Design And Manufacturing In The Furniture Industry, TR# 95-03) revealed that CAD in product engineering and in the factory for programming CNC machinery. In many companies, the use of CAD

  14. EPA's designated products in eight categories: Construction Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compost made from yard trimmings or food waste Garden and soaker hoses Hydraulic mulch Lawn and garden edging Plastic lumber landscaping timbers and posts Nonpaper Office Products Binders, clipboards, file waste receptacles Plastic desktop accessories Plastic envelopes Plastic trash bags Printer ribbon Toner

  15. Economical Production of Pu-238

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven D. Howe; Douglas Crawford; Jorge Navarro; Terry Ring

    2013-02-01

    All space exploration missions traveling beyond Jupiter must use radioisotopic power sources for electrical power. The best isotope to power these sources is plutonium-238. The US supply of Pu-238 is almost exhausted and will be gone within the next decade. The Department of Energy has initiated a production program with a $10M allocation from NASA but the cost is estimated at over $100 M to get to production levels. The Center for Space Nuclear Research has conceived of a potentially better process to produce Pu-238 earlier and for significantly less cost. The new process will also produce dramatically less waste. Potentially, the front end costs could be provided by private industry such that the government only had to pay for the product produced. Under a NASA Phase I NIAC grant, the CSNR has evaluated the feasibility of using a low power, commercially available nuclear reactor to produce at least 1.5 kg of Pu-238 per year. The impact on the neutronics of the reactor have been assessed, the amount of Neptunium target material estimated, and the production rates calculated. In addition, the size of the post-irradiation processing facility has been established. In addition, a new method for fabricating the Pu-238 product into the form used for power sources has been identified to reduce the cost of the final product. In short, the concept appears to be viable, can produce the amount of Pu-238 needed to support the NASA missions, can be available within a few years, and will cost significantly less than the current DOE program.

  16. Strangeness production at SPS energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Mitrovski

    2006-09-26

    We present a summary of measurements of strange particles performed by the experiment NA49 in central and minimum bias Pb+Pb collisions in the beam energy range 20A - 158A GeV. New results on Xi production in central Pb+Pb collisions and on Lambda, Xi production in minimum bias collisions are shown. Transverse mass spectra and rapidity distributions of strange particles at different energies are compared. The energy dependence of the particle yields and ratios is discussed. NA49 measurements of the Lambda and Xi enhancement factors are shown for the first time.

  17. Combustion synthesis method and products

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holt, J.B.; Kelly, M.

    1993-03-30

    Disclosed is a method of producing dense refractory products, comprising: (a) obtaining a quantity of exoergic material in powder form capable of sustaining a combustion synthesis reaction; (b) removing absorbed water vapor therefrom; (c) cold-pressing said material into a formed body; (d) plasma spraying said formed body with a molten exoergic material to form a coat thereon; and (e) igniting said exoergic coated formed body under an inert gas atmosphere and pressure to produce self-sustained combustion synthesis. Also disclosed are products produced by the method.

  18. Production of Quarkonia at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Vertesi

    2015-10-02

    The production of different quarkonium states provides unique insight to the hot and cold nuclear matter effects in the strongly interacting medium that is formed in high energy heavy ion collisions. While LHC explores the energy frontier, RHIC has a broad physics program to explore the nuclear modification at different energies in a wide range of systems. Some of the most interesting recent results on $J/\\psi$ and $\\Upsilon$ production in p+p, d+Au and A+A collisions from PHENIX and STAR are summarized in this work.

  19. High throughput protein production screening

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beernink, Peter T. (Walnut Creek, CA); Coleman, Matthew A. (Oakland, CA); Segelke, Brent W. (San Ramon, CA)

    2009-09-08

    Methods, compositions, and kits for the cell-free production and analysis of proteins are provided. The invention allows for the production of proteins from prokaryotic sequences or eukaryotic sequences, including human cDNAs using PCR and IVT methods and detecting the proteins through fluorescence or immunoblot techniques. This invention can be used to identify optimized PCR and WT conditions, codon usages and mutations. The methods are readily automated and can be used for high throughput analysis of protein expression levels, interactions, and functional states.

  20. West Coast drilling/production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rintoul, B.

    1980-01-01

    Heavy California oil has come into its own as a likely source for increased production. The removal of price controls for crude 16 gravity and lower has given producers incentive, but obstacles remain in the regulatory atmosphere of uncertainty and confusion. Accelerated drilling operations in California aiming at heavy oil production are described. The Elk Hills field continues to be the main site of resurgence of California oil, and steamflooding is the primary method of recovery. Hot plate and hydraulic mining methods also are proposed for heavy oil recovery. Pacific Northwest activities outside of California also are mentioned.

  1. Hydrogen Production Technical Team Roadmap

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancingR Walls -Hydro-Pac Inc.,1 DOE HydrogenProductionProduction

  2. New Products TACKLING OIL SPILLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    New Products TACKLING OIL SPILLS Low-grade nonwoven cotton Texas Tech University researchers its own weight in oil. The results strengthen the use of cotton as a natural sorbent for oil, said Mr Engineering and Environmental Toxicology. "With the 2010 crude oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. which resulted

  3. Technical Analysis of Hydrogen Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali T-Raissi

    2005-01-14

    The aim of this work was to assess issues of cost, and performance associated with the production and storage of hydrogen via following three feedstocks: sub-quality natural gas (SQNG), ammonia (NH{sub 3}), and water. Three technology areas were considered: (1) Hydrogen production utilizing SQNG resources, (2) Hydrogen storage in ammonia and amine-borane complexes for fuel cell applications, and (3) Hydrogen from solar thermochemical cycles for splitting water. This report summarizes our findings with the following objectives: Technoeconomic analysis of the feasibility of the technology areas 1-3; Evaluation of the hydrogen production cost by technology areas 1; and Feasibility of ammonia and/or amine-borane complexes (technology areas 2) as a means of hydrogen storage on-board fuel cell powered vehicles. For each technology area, we reviewed the open literature with respect to the following criteria: process efficiency, cost, safety, and ease of implementation and impact of the latest materials innovations, if any. We employed various process analysis platforms including FactSage chemical equilibrium software and Aspen Technologies AspenPlus and HYSYS chemical process simulation programs for determining the performance of the prospective hydrogen production processes.

  4. Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with food, and NPK fluxes at farm level. The biofuels were crude rapeseed oil, horse draft, ethanol from a combination of a workhorse and a crude rapeseed oil-fuelled tractor. Ethanol from wheat had the largest impactIntegrating Food Production and Biodiversity Energy and Scale Issues in Implementation Kristina

  5. Particle production at RHIC energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Debbe; for the BRAHMS collaboration

    2003-08-06

    This paper presents recent results from the BRAHMS experiment at RHIC; including results on particle production in rapidity space extending from y=0 to y ~ 3 and on the transverse momentum distribution of fully identified charged particles. These results were obtained from the 5% most central Au-Au collisions recorded during RHIC Run-2 at sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200 GeV.

  6. HIGH PRODUCTIVITY VACUUM BLASTING SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. M.A. Ebadian

    2000-01-13

    The purpose of the project is to increase the productivity and economics of existing vacuum blasting technology. This technology is used to remove radioactive contamination, PCB's and lead-base paint and provides worker and environmental protection by continuously recycling the blast media and the full containment of the dust generated in the process.

  7. Theoretical Aspects of Particle Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. R. Webber

    1999-12-17

    These lectures describe some of the latest data on particle production in high-energy collisions and compare them with theoretical calculations and models based on QCD. The main topics covered are: fragmentation functions and factorization, small-x fragmentation, hadronization models, differences between quark and gluon fragmentation, current and target fragmentation in deep inelastic scattering, and heavy quark fragmentation.

  8. 3% CONSUMER PRODUCTS 7% GOVERNMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    SERVICES 10% MANUFACTURING 7% PHARMA/BIOTECH/HEALTHCARE Hiring Companies* Agilent Technologies Autodesk Inc, Calif. Product Manager, Analytics 7% OPERATIONS/LOGISTICS 3% INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 10% GENERAL Management Information Technology Marketing/Sales Operations/Logistics Other 16% 10% 3% 3% 5% 10% 29% 18% 29

  9. Heavy quark production at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. Bishai

    2002-12-13

    Heavy quark production cross-sections, correlations and polarizations have been measured at the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) using 118 pb{sup -1} of data collected from the 1992 to 1995 Run I of the Fermilab Tevatron. There is still disagreement between theoretical predictions of bottom and charm hadro-production cross-sections and the Run I results. The observed transverse momentum spectrum of the prompt J/{psi} production polarization is still not understood. Run II of the Tevatron began in July of 2001 and the CDF Run II detector [11] has collected 70 pb{sup -1} of physics quality data since January 2002. Large statistics of onia states have been collected. Exclusive B meson decay modes have been reconstructed and the SVT level 2 displaced track trigger has produced large samples of D mesons. The prompt charm and b {yields} cX fractions in both charmonium and D meson samples have been measured. Run II is now poised to greatly enhance the knowledge of heavy quark production dynamics well beyond the reach of the Run I detector.

  10. Hydrocracking process for aromatics production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derr, W.R.; Sarli, M.S.

    1984-03-06

    A hydrocracking process with improved distillate selectivity is operated at limited conversion without liquid/gas separation between the denitrogenation and hydrocracking catalyst beds or liquid recycle. Conversion is held to a maximum of 50 volume percent to lower boiling products. Relatively mild conditions, especially of pressure, may be employed.

  11. Hydrocracking to achieve product flexibility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, S.E. (Criterion Catalyst Co., Houston, TX (United States)); Boardman, S.R. (Criterion Catalyst Co., Fareham (United Kingdom)); Foley, R.M. (Zeolyst International, Houston, TX (United States)) (and others)

    1994-01-01

    Hydrocracking has demonstrated a broad diversity in upgrading a wide range of feedstocks ranging from atmospheric gas oil through heavy vacuum gas oil; conversion products from cat crackers and cokers; and product streams from lube plants and deasphalters. The 90's bring many challenges to the refining industry with more stringent environmental specifications on fuels and a general trend for conversion units such as hydrocrackers to process more difficult/low value feedstocks at higher throughputs. These changes are making hydrogen availability and catalyst stability a limiting factor in many refineries. There is an ever increasing incentive to develop catalyst technology to meet the challenges of the 1990's. The formation of Zeolyst International combined Shell's considerable hydrocracking catalyst technology with the zeolite powder R D and manufacturing expertise of PQ Corporation. Shell utilizes this catalyst technology in all 12 of their advised hydrocrackers world-wide, including 7 units in North America. This level of utilization exceeds the internal use of most process licensors. Criterion Catalyst Co. manufacturers and markets Zeolyst International zeolitic hydrocracking catalyst product line worldwide. This paper discusses the wide range of applications of Criterion/Zeolyst hydrocracking catalyst systems under a variety of feedstocks, operating conditions, and unit configurations with multiple product performance targets. Commercial feedback customers on the performance of Criterion/Zeolyst hydrocracking catalysts discussed in this paper demonstrates the flexibility and value added benefits of the systems.

  12. Energy Conservation in Fertilizer Production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mings, W. J.; Sonnett, W. M.

    1984-01-01

    States Department of Energy (DOE) provided funding to NFDC to promote acceptance of this technology by the fertilizer production industry. The PCR uses the heat of reaction of ammonia with phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid to replace fossil fuel heat used...

  13. Covered Product Category: Fluorescent Luminaires

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including fluorescent luminaires. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  14. Compatible with MCS -51 Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berndt, Richard

    Features · Compatible with MCS® -51 Products · 12K Bytes of In-System Programmable (ISP) Flash · Internal Power-on Reset · 42-pin PDIP Package Option for Reduced EMC Emission · Green (Pb. In addition, the AT89S8253 is designed with static logic for operation down to zero frequency and supports two

  15. Nuclear Dependence of Charm Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanco-Covarrubias, A.; Engelfried, J.; Akgun, U.; Alkhazov, G.; Amaro-Reyes, J.; Atamantchouk, A.G.; Ayan, A.S.; Balatz, M.Y.; Bondar, N.F.; Cooper, P.S.; Dauwe, Loretta J.; /Michigan U., Flint /Moscow, ITEP

    2009-02-01

    With data taken by SELEX, which accumulated data during the 1996-1997 fixed target run at Fermilab, we study the production of charmed hadrons on copper and carbon targets with {Sigma}{sup -}, p, {pi}{sup -}, and {pi}{sup +} beams. Parameterizing the production cross section {infinity} A{sup {alpha}}, A being the atomic number, we determine {alpha} for D{sup +}, D{sup 0}, D{sub s}{sup +}, D{sup +}(2010), {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}, and their respective anti-particles, as a function of their transverse momentum p{sub t} and scaled longitudinal momentum x{sub F}. Within our statistics there is no dependence of {alpha} on x{sub F} for any charm species for the interval 0.1 < x{sub F} < 1.0. The average value of {alpha} for charm production by pion beams is {alpha}{sub meson} = 0.850 {+-} 0.028. This is somewhat larger than the corresponding average {alpha}{sub baryon} = 0.755 {+-} 0.016 for charm production by baryon beams ({Sigma}{sup -}, p).

  16. EIA's Natural Gas Production Data

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    This special report examines the stages of natural gas processing from the wellhead to the pipeline network through which the raw product becomes ready for transportation and eventual consumption, and how this sequence is reflected in the data published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA).

  17. School of Communication Production Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyu, Mei-Ling

    School of Communication Production Handbook This Handbook provides detailed information, policies and staff members are the source of much practical instruction and wisdom. This Handbook and the faculty, FOLLOW THE HANDBOOK. WHEN THERE IS A QUESTION, ASK THE FACULTY OR STAFF. This Handbook is in a continuing

  18. ETHYLENE PRODUCTION FROM E. COLI 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerich, Matthew 1991-

    2012-04-20

    . Once the bacterium was able to produce ethylene, it was further modified to grow on corn stover. This allowed for ethylene production from a bio-waste feedstock. After corn stover growth was achieved the E. coli was further modified in an attempt...

  19. The Productivity Dilemma in Manufacturing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrer, T. G.

    1983-01-01

    to assist many segments of U.S. industry in determining the best route to improve their productivity. It is the intent of this paper to examine technical information development in the U.S., the forms in which it is available, the technology transfer dilemma...

  20. Medical ice slurry production device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kasza, Kenneth E. (Palos Park, IL); Oras, John (Des Plaines, IL); Son, HyunJin (Naperville, IL)

    2008-06-24

    The present invention relates to an apparatus for producing sterile ice slurries for medical cooling applications. The apparatus is capable of producing highly loaded slurries suitable for delivery to targeted internal organs of a patient, such as the brain, heart, lungs, stomach, kidneys, pancreas, and others, through medical size diameter tubing. The ice slurry production apparatus includes a slurry production reservoir adapted to contain a volume of a saline solution. A flexible membrane crystallization surface is provided within the slurry production reservoir. The crystallization surface is chilled to a temperature below a freezing point of the saline solution within the reservoir such that ice particles form on the crystallization surface. A deflector in the form of a reciprocating member is provided for periodically distorting the crystallization surface and dislodging the ice particles which form on the crystallization surface. Using reservoir mixing the slurry is conditioned for easy pumping directly out of the production reservoir via medical tubing or delivery through other means such as squeeze bottles, squeeze bags, hypodermic syringes, manual hand delivery, and the like.

  1. Hydrogen Production & Delivery Sara Dillich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). 15% solar-to-chemical energy efficiency by microalgae Biomass Gasification Hydrogen Production Cost Electrolysis (Solar) 2015-2020Today-2015 2020-2030 Coal Gasification (No Carbon Capture) Electrolysis Water · Blue Ribbon Panel (planned) H2A Analysis Tool Required Selling Price of H2 ($/kg) Plant Designs

  2. ProductSpecifications Thermo Scientific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    -built for your most demanding applications. Where low detection limits and high sample throughput are critical and lower detection limits. The final product is the Niton XL3t GOLDD+... a more versatile elements without helium or vacuum assistance. It is the ideal instrument to: · Analyze metal alloys · Carry

  3. Covered Product Category: Commercial Boilers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements for commercial boilers, which is a FEMP-designated product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  4. Ultra-Deepwater Production Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken L. Smith; Marc E. Leveque

    2005-05-31

    The report herein is a summary of the work performed on three projects to demonstrate hydrocarbon drilling and production methods applicable to deep and ultra deepwater field developments in the Gulf of Mexico and other like applications around the world. This work advances technology that could lead to more economic development and exploitation of reserves in ultra-deep water or remote areas. The first project is Subsea Processing. Its scope includes a review of the ''state of the art'' in subsea components to enable primary production process functions such as first stage liquids and gas separation, flow boosting, chemical treatment, flow metering, etc. These components are then combined to allow for the elimination of costly surface production facilities at the well site. A number of studies were then performed on proposed field development projects to validate the economic potential of this technology. The second project involved the design and testing of a light weight production riser made of composite material. The proposed design was to meet an actual Gulf of Mexico deepwater development project. The various engineering and testing work is reviewed, including test results. The third project described in this report encompasses the development and testing of a close tolerance liner drilling system, a new technology aimed at reducing deepwater drilling costs. The design and prototype testing in a test well are described in detail.

  5. Ethanol production by recombinant hosts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fowler, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Horton, Philip G. (Gainesville, FL); Ben-Bassat, Arie (Gainesville, FL)

    1996-01-01

    Novel plasmids comprising genes which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase are described. Also described are recombinant hosts which have been transformed with genes coding for alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate. By virtue of their transformation with these genes, the recombinant hosts are capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product. Also disclosed are methods for increasing the growth of recombinant hosts and methods for reducing the accumulation of undesirable metabolic products in the growth medium of these hosts. Also disclosed are recombinant host capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product of oligosaccharides and plasmids comprising genes encoding polysaccharases, in addition to the genes described above which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase. Further, methods are described for producing ethanol from oligomeric feedstock using the recombinant hosts described above. Also provided is a method for enhancing the production of functional proteins in a recombinant host comprising overexpressing an adhB gene in the host. Further provided are process designs for fermenting oligosaccharide-containing biomass to ethanol.

  6. Ethanol production by recombinant hosts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Beall, David S. (Gainesville, FL); Burchhardt, Gerhard F. H. (Gainesville, FL); Guimaraes, Walter V. (Vicosa, BR); Ohta, Kazuyoshi (Miyazaki, JP); Wood, Brent E. (Gainesville, FL); Shanmugam, Keelnatham T. (Gainesville, FL)

    1995-01-01

    Novel plasmids comprising genes which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase are described. Also described are recombinant hosts which have been transformed with genes coding for alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate. By virtue of their transformation with these genes, the recombinant hosts are capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product. Also disclosed are methods for increasing the growth of recombinant hosts and methods for reducing the accumulation of undesirable metabolic products in the growth medium of these hosts. Also disclosed are recombinant host capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product of oligosaccharides and plasmids comprising genes encoding polysaccharases, in addition to the genes described above which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase. Further, methods are described for producing ethanol from oligomeric feedstock using the recombinant hosts described above. Also provided is a method for enhancing the production of functional proteins in a recombinant host comprising overexpressing an adhB gene in the host. Further provided are process designs for fermenting oligosaccharide-containing biomass to ethanol.

  7. Ethanol production in recombinant hosts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O'Neal; Barbosa-Alleyne, Maria D.

    2005-02-01

    The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase.

  8. hhjj production at the LHC

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dolan, Matthew J.; Englert, Christoph; Greiner, Nicolas; Nordstrom, Karl; Spannowsky, Michael

    2015-08-25

    The search for di-Higgs production at the LHC in order to set limits on the Higgs trilinear coupling and constraints on new physics is one of the main motivations for the LHC high-luminosity phase. Recent experimental analyses suggest that such analyses will only be successful if information from a range of channels is included. We therefore investigate di-Higgs production in association with two hadronic jets and give a detailed discussion of both the gluon- and the weak boson-fusion (WBF) contributions, with a particular emphasis on the phenomenology with modified Higgs trilinear and quartic gauge couplings. We perform a detailed investigationmore »of the full hadronic final state and find that hhjj production should add sensitivity to a di-Higgs search combination at the HL-LHC with 3 ab-1. Since the WBF and GF contributions are sensitive to different sources of physics beyond the Standard Model, we devise search strategies to disentangle and isolate these production modes. In addition, while gluon fusion remains non-negligible in WBF-type selections, sizeable new physics contributions to the latter can still be constrained. As an example of the latter point we investigate the sensitivity that can be obtained for a measurement of the quartic Higgs–gauge boson couplings.« less

  9. Covered Product Category: Exterior Lighting | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    & Technologies Energy-Efficient Products Covered Product Category: Exterior Lighting Covered Product Category: Exterior Lighting The Federal Energy Management Program...

  10. Aggressive Underwriting and Smart Product Delivery

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents AFC First's expert knowledge on lending products, financing, and contractor-friendly loan processes.

  11. On production costs in vertical differentiation models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EA 4272 On production costs in vertical differentiation models Dorothée BRECARD(*) 2009,version1-1Oct2009 #12;1 On production costs in vertical differentiation models Dorothée Brécard production cost beside a fixed cost of quality improvement in a duopoly model of vertical product

  12. Fish production: integrating growth, mortality, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limburg, Karin E.

    1 Fish production: integrating growth, mortality, and population density K. Limburg lecture notes, Fisheries Science Outline: 1. Biological production ­ a critical ecological parameter 2. How to compute production from a simple biomass model 3. Production:biomass ratios 4. Growth: mortality ratios Reading

  13. HIGH ENERGY HADRONINDUCED DILEPTON PRODUCTION FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HIGH ENERGY HADRON­INDUCED DILEPTON PRODUCTION FROM NUCLEONS AND NUCLEI P.L. McGaughey, J.M. Moss Drell­Yan and W \\Sigma Production 3.3 Charge Symmetry Violation of Parton Distributions 3.4 Parton Scattering and Energy Loss 4. QUARKONIUM PRODUCTION 4.1 Quarkonium Production in Hadronic Collisions 4

  14. CSU Mail Production Center 6011 Campus Delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CSU Mail Production Center 6011 Campus Delivery Phone: 970-491-6142 Fax: 970-491-5012 E-mail: mail.production@colostate.edu MAIL PRODUCTION SERVICE REQUEST CONTACT & BILLING INFORMATION Contact Person Name Mail Code Department Mail Date ** ** Allow up to 5 to 7 days from date materials are received by Mail Production. Inquiries

  15. Low Standby Power Product Purchasing Requirements and Compliance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Products & Technologies Energy-Efficient Products Low Standby Power Product Purchasing Requirements and Compliance Resources Low Standby Power Product Purchasing Requirements...

  16. Information for Retailers of Lighting Products | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products U.S. retailers who sell lighting products can use the...

  17. Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Use the following links to get product...

  18. GM-Ford-Chrysler: ATV Proposed Product Costs | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ATV Proposed Product Costs GM-Ford-Chrysler: ATV Proposed Product Costs "Proposed Product Cost for Advanced Technology Vehicles" GM-Ford-Chrysler: ATV Proposed Product Costs More...

  19. An Operator Product Expansion for the Mutual Information in AdS/CFT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javier Molina-Vilaplana

    2014-09-11

    We investigate the behaviour of the mutual information $\\mathcal{I}_{AB}$ between two "small" and wide separated spherical regions $A$ and $B$ in the $\\mathcal{N}=4$ SYM gauge theory dual to Type IIB string theory in $AdS_5 \\times S^5$. To this end, the mutual information is recasted in terms of correlators of surface operators $\\mathcal{W}\\left( \\Sigma\\right)$ defined along a surface $\\Sigma$ within the boundary gauge theory. This construction relies on the strong analogies between the twist field operators appearing in the replica trick method used for the computation of the entanglement entropy, and the disorder-like surface operators in gauge theories. In the AdS/CFT correspondence, a surface operator $\\mathcal{W}\\left( \\Sigma\\right)$ corresponds to having a D3-brane in $AdS_5 \\times S^5$ ending on the boundary along the prescribed surface $\\Sigma$. Then, a long distance expansion for $\\mathcal{I}_{AB}$ is provided. The coefficients of the expansion appear as a byproduct of the operator product expansion for the correlators of the operators $\\mathcal{W}(\\Sigma)$ with the chiral primaries of the theory. We find that, while undergoing a phase transition at a critical distance, the holographic mutual information, instead of strictly vanishing, decays with a power law whose leading contributions of order $\\mathcal{O}(N^0)$, originate from the exchange of pairs of the lightest bulk particles between $A$ and $B$. These particles correspond to operators in the boundary field theory with the smallest scaling dimensions.

  20. Analysis of laboratory nucleosynthesis products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. V. Adamenko; A. S. Adamenko

    2003-07-11

    We present the results of the experimental study on synthesis of a wide range of isotopes in a superdense plasma. The initial conditions necessary for plasma bunch formation were provided by specially organized coherent impact on a solid target with a total energy up to 1 kJ. More than 4000 shots were performed with various targets made of light, medium, and heavy elements. Subsequent analysis of the products of the target explosion reveals the presence of a wide range of elements absent in the initial materials. Elements with nuclei three and more times heavier than the nucleus of the target main element are detected in the products. The isotopic composition of the produced elements significantly differs from the natural one. The presence of unknown superheavy elements at the border of the periodic table and beyond it was detected by several different spectroscopic methods of elemental and isotopic analyzes.

  1. Waste product profile: Polyethylene terephthalate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, C. [Environmental Industry Associations, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-02-01

    Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a plastic resin used primarily to make bottles. Soft drinks are the primary product packaged in PET. Salad dressing, peanut butter, and other household and consumer products also use PET bottles. PET is also used for film, sheeting for cups and food trays, ovenable trays, and other uses. PET is a relatively new packaging resin, first commercialized in the early `70s. Because it is an ``engineered`` resin, it is more expensive than commodity resins such as high-density polyethylene (HDPE). The primary market for recycled PET is the fiber industry, which uses PET for carpet fiber, sweaters and other clothing, and for other uses. Recycled PET can also be used for food and beverage containers. Export markets, particularly Asian countries, are becoming increasingly important.

  2. West African crude production diversifies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aalund, L.

    1983-06-01

    Nigeria, with its seven crude-oil export streams, dominated West African production and accounted for over 70% of the depressed 1.8 million b/d output from the region last year. However, during the 1970s a flurry of new producing fields, primarily off the African coast, diversified production among a number of countries and touched off a wave of oil activity. The Journal takes a close look at the quality of West African oil in this installment of assays on world export crudes. This issue covers, in alphabetical order, Bonny Light (Nigeria) to Espoir (Ivory Coast). A following issue will wrap up West Africa by presenting assays on crudes from Forcados Blend (Nigeria) to Zaire Crude (Zaire).

  3. Bistatic SAR: Imagery & Image Products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yocky, David A.; Wahl, Daniel E.; Jakowatz, Charles V,

    2014-10-01

    While typical SAR imaging employs a co-located (monostatic) RADAR transmitter and receiver, bistatic SAR imaging separates the transmitter and receiver locations. The transmitter and receiver geometry determines if the scattered signal is back scatter, forward scatter, or side scatter. The monostatic SAR image is backscatter. Therefore, depending on the transmitter/receiver collection geometry, the captured imagery may be quite different that that sensed at the monostatic SAR. This document presents imagery and image products formed from captured signals during the validation stage of the bistatic SAR research. Image quality and image characteristics are discussed first. Then image products such as two-color multi-view (2CMV) and coherent change detection (CCD) are presented.

  4. Top Quark Production Asymmetries AFBt and AFBl

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Berger, Edmond L.; Cao, Qing-Hong; Chen, Chuan-Ren; Yu, Jiang-Hao; Zhang, Hao

    2012-02-14

    A large forward-backward asymmetry is seen in both the top quark rapidity distribution AFBt and in the rapidity distribution of charged leptons AFBl from top quarks produced at the Tevatron. We study the kinematic and dynamic aspects of the relationship of the two observables arising from the spin correlation between the charged lepton and the top quark with different polarization states. We emphasize the value of both measurements, and we conclude that a new physics model which produces more right-handed than left-handed top quarks is favored by the present data.

  5. Top Quark Production Asymmetries AFBt and AFBl

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Berger, Edmond L.; Cao, Qing-Hong; Chen, Chuan-Ren; Yu, Jiang-Hao; Zhang, Hao

    2012-02-01

    A large forward-backward asymmetry is seen in both the top quark rapidity distribution AFBt and in the rapidity distribution of charged leptons AFBl from top quarks produced at the Tevatron. We study the kinematic and dynamic aspects of the relationship of the two observables arising from the spin correlation between the charged lepton and the top quark with different polarization states. We emphasize the value of both measurements, and we conclude that a new physics model which produces more right-handed than left-handed top quarks is favored by the present data.

  6. GE Healthcare Product Guide 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    GE Healthcare BioProcess Product Guide 2007 #12;How to contact us Europe www.gehealthcare.com/bioprocess or by phone (T), fax (F), and Email Austria T: +43 1 57 606 1613 F: +43 1 57 606 1614 Email: cust.orderde@ge.com Belgium T: 0800 73890 F: 02 416 8206 Email: order.bnl@ge.com Central and East Europe (Austria) T: +43 1

  7. The Fedosov *-product in Mathematica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaromir Tosiek

    2008-11-14

    The computer program `Fecom.nb' implementing the Fedosov *-product in Darboux coordinates is presented. It has been written in Mathematica 6.0 but it can be easily modified to be run in some earlier version of Mathematica. To optimize computations elements of the Weyl algebra are treated as polynomials. Several procedures which order the terms are included. The program is available at the web page http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEBU_v1_0.html

  8. Contribution of simulation in the product-driven systems production activity control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    control consists in improving existing manufacturing production planning and control systems. We graduallyContribution of simulation in the product-driven systems production activity control Olivier CARDIN the emergence of product driven production activity control concept, the development of RFID technologies had

  9. Design and Production Interface in Lean Production: A Performance Improvement Criteria Proposition Proceedings IGLC `98

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    Design and Production Interface in Lean Production: A Performance Improvement Criteria Proposition Proceedings IGLC `98 DESIGN AND PRODUCTION INTERFACE IN LEAN PRODUCTION: A PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT CRITERIA PROPOSITION Eduardo L. Isatto1 and Carlos T. Formoso2 ABSTRACT Failures on transferring Japanese production

  10. Integrated Product Line Model for Semi-Automated Product Derivation Using Non-Functional Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaestner, Christian

    Integrated Product Line Model for Semi-Automated Product Derivation Using Non-Functional Properties product lines (SPLs) allow to generate tailor- made software products by selecting and composing reusable an appro- priate support for semi-automated product derivation. We envision this derivation to be extended

  11. Forensic Proteomics of Poxvirus Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wunschel, David S.; Tulman, Edan; Engelmann, Heather E.; Clowers, Brian H.; Geary, Steven J.; Robinson, Aaron C.; Liao, Xiaofen

    2013-08-27

    The field of microbial forensics has recently sought to develop methods to discern biological signatures to indicate production methods for biological agents. Viral agents have received less attention to date. Their obligate propagation in living cells makes purification from cellular material a challenge. This leads to potential carryover of protein-rich signature of their production system. Here we have explored a proteomic analysis of Vaccinia virus as a model poxvirus system in which to compare samples of virus propagated in different cell lines and subjected to different purification schemes. The proteomic data sets indicated viral, host cell and culture medium proteins, and several layers of data analysis were applied to build confidence in the peptide identification and capture information on the taxonomic utility of each. The analysis showed clear shifts in protein profiles with virus purification, with successive gradient purification steps showing different levels of viral protein enrichment. Peptides from cellular proteins, including those present in purified virus preparations, provided signatures which enabled discrimination of cell line substrates, including distinguishing between cells derived from different primate species. The ability to discern multiple aspects of viral production demonstrates the potential value of proteomic analysis as tool for microbial forensics.

  12. ARM - PI Product - Cloud Property Retrieval Products for Graciosa Island,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska OutreachCalendar NSA Related LinksOxidesProductsCloud Properties

  13. Product Supplied for Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets160Product: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum

  14. Refinery & Blender Net Production of Total Finished Petroleum Products

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets160Product:7a. Space5,168 5,2283,130

  15. Refinery Net Production of Total Finished Petroleum Products

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets160Product:7a.CORPORATION /

  16. Summary and comments on the month's production and injection................. Using the production table...................................................................................

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oil and Gas Production........................................................................ Using TO OUR READERS: Since the January 1995 issue, the Monthly Oil and Gas Production and Injection Report has included two tables that summarize California oil and gas production and injec- tion by operator

  17. Product symbolic status: development of a scale to assess different product types 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, James Arthur

    2006-10-30

    The literature on status, product symbolism, product involvement, and reference group influence is reviewed to conceptually define the Product Symbolic Status construct. The research consisted of two studies (N = 524) that examined 17 different...

  18. Chemical production from industrial by-product gases: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyke, S.E.; Moore, R.H.

    1981-04-01

    The potential for conservation of natural gas is studied and the technical and economic feasibility and the implementation of ventures to produce such chemicals using carbon monoxide and hydrogen from byproduct gases are determined. A survey was performed of potential chemical products and byproduct gas sources. Byproduct gases from the elemental phosphorus and the iron and steel industries were selected for detailed study. Gas sampling, preliminary design, market surveys, and economic analyses were performed for specific sources in the selected industries. The study showed that production of methanol or ammonia from byproduct gas at the sites studied in the elemental phosphorus and the iron and steel industries is technically feasible but not economically viable under current conditions. Several other applications are identified as having the potential for better economics. The survey performed identified a need for an improved method of recovering carbon monoxide from dilute gases. A modest experimental program was directed toward the development of a permselective membrane to fulfill that need. A practical membrane was not developed but further investigation along the same lines is recommended. (MCW)

  19. Ultra-Deepwater Production Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. L. Smith; M. E. Leveque

    2003-09-30

    This report includes technical progress made during the period October, 2002 through September, 2003. At the end of the second technical progress report, the ConocoPhillips opportunities to apply subsea processing in the Gulf of Mexico had been exhausted, and an alternative site was identified in Norway. This was a non-ConocoPhillips operated field, and the subsea processing was proposed as a phased development approach with 2-phase separation at the field, and then gas and liquids exported via pipeline to remote platform locations for processing. Although the unrisked economics were quite favorable, the risked economic evaluation compelled the operator to develop the field with the more conventional and proven Floating Production, Storage and Offloading (FPSO) option. Work on the subsea processing was suspended at this time. Discussions with DOE regarding two other step-change deepwater technologies ensued. One was an effort to develop a light-weight, high pressure composite production riser. A field demonstration of the design would then be performed by deploying a limited number of composite joints in a Gulf of Mexico deepwater development. The other was to begin the process of taking drilling with casing technology to the deepwater. This is called, ''close-tolerance liner drilling''. It was agreed that both technologies should be pursued, and the work began. During this reporting period, the initial production riser design had been completed and preliminary test sample components were being fabricated. Regarding the liner drilling, the sub-contractors were selected, the design basis was agreed and designs progressed towards meeting a projected first quarter, 2004 onshore test program.

  20. Hydrogen Production by Water Biophotolysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghirardi, Maria L.; King, Paul W.; Mulder, David W.; Eckert, Carrie; Dubini, Alexandra; Maness, Pin-Ching; Yu, Jianping

    2014-01-22

    The use of microalgae for production of hydrogen gas from water photolysis has been studied for many years, but its commercialization is still limited by multiple challenges. Most of the barriers to commercialization are attributed to the existence of biological regulatory mechanisms that, under anaerobic conditions, quench the absorbed light energy, down-regulate linear electron transfer, inactivate the H2-producing enzyme, and compete for electrons with the hydrogenase. Consequently, the conversion efficiency of absorbed photons into H2 is significantly lower than its estimated potential of 12–13 %. However, extensive research continues towards addressing these barriers by either trying to understand and circumvent intracellular regulatory mechanisms at the enzyme and metabolic level or by developing biological systems that achieve prolonged H2 production albeit under lower than 12–13 % solar conversion efficiency. This chapter describes the metabolic pathways involved in biological H2 photoproduction from water photolysis, the attributes of the two hydrogenases, [FeFe] and [NiFe], that catalyze biological H2 production, and highlights research related to addressing the barriers described above. These highlights include: (a) recent advances in improving our understanding of the O2 inactivation mechanism in different classes of hydrogenases; (b) progress made in preventing competitive pathways from diverting electrons from H2 photoproduction; and (c) new developments in bypassing the non-dissipated proton gradient from down-regulating photosynthetic electron transfer. As an example of a major success story, we mention the generation of truncated-antenna mutants in Chlamydomonas and Synechocystis that address the inherent low-light saturation of photosynthesis. In addition, we highlight the rationale and progress towards coupling biological hydrogenases to non-biological, photochemical charge-separation as a means to bypass the barriers of photobiological systems.

  1. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Emirates 769 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC 18,415 0 65 3,136 0 692 692 Argentina 1,437 0 0 0 0 0 0 Aruba 0 0 0 1,186 0 0 0 Australia 629 0 0 0 0 0 0 Brazil 953 0 0 0...

  2. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC 19,527 0 10 1,268 0 33 33 Argentina 1,101 0 0 0 0 0 0 Aruba 0 0 0 748 0 0 0 Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Brazil 1,973 0 0 0 0...

  3. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela 1,589 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC 153,258 0 694 13,749 0 7,347 7,347 Argentina 13,500 0 0 0 0 0 0 Aruba 0 0 0 3,304 0 0 0 Australia 1,900 0 44 192 0 0 0 Brazil...

  4. Country Analysis Briefs

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2028-01-01

    An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

  5. Modes of Production and Social Formations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, Samir

    1974-01-01

    and from slavery to feudalism. production are not Onmode of production: hence feudalism rested on an embryonicThis Zapse int o feudalism appeared as a regression and a

  6. Risk Management in Lean Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oehmen, Josef

    This whitepaper summarizes 15 years of research conducted at MIT's Lean Advancement Initiative on the topic of risk management in product design and development. It discusses current challenges in risk management for product ...

  7. BAMBOO PRODUCTS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS: REVISITED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BAMBOO PRODUCTS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS: REVISITED DR. JIM BOWYER KATHRYN FERNHOLZ MATT Impacts: Revisited Introduction In 2005 Dovetail investigated environmental.dovetailinc.org Dovetail Partners Page 2 3/25/2014 Bamboo Products and their Environmental

  8. New developments in product-line optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hauser, John R.

    Product development is key to profitability. Without well-designed products that meet the needs of customers at a reasonable cost, the firm has no sales. And without sales, the firm has no profit. But designing profitable ...

  9. Breakthrough: Better Fiber for Better Products

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Griffith, George; Garnier, John;

    2013-05-28

    Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory have developed a cost-effective method for the continuous production of alpha silicon carbide fiber. The exceptionally strong, lightweight fiber could enable significant performance improvements in many everyday products.

  10. Speech production knowledge in automatic speech recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Simon; Frankel, Joe; Livescu, Karen; McDermott, Erik; Richmond, Korin; Wester, Mirjam

    2007-01-01

    Although much is known about how speech is produced, and research into speech production has resulted in measured articulatory data, feature systems of different kinds and numerous models, speech production knowledge is ...

  11. Dynamic simulation of nuclear hydrogen production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramírez Muñoz, Patricio D. (Patricio Dario)

    2011-01-01

    Nuclear hydrogen production processes have been proposed as a solution to rising CO 2 emissions and low fuel yields in the production of liquid transportation fuels. In these processes, the heat of a nuclear reactor is ...

  12. Process management applications in biopharmaceutical drug production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Stephen E

    2011-01-01

    Genzyme's manufacturing and supply chain organization is responsible for the production and delivery of medically necessary medicines for patients with rare diseases around the world. Because of the nature of the products ...

  13. Essays on new product development alliances 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalaignanam, Kartik

    2009-05-15

    Interorganizational alliances are widely recognized as critical to product innovation. A notable trend is the rapid growth of new product development (NPD) alliances between large, well-established firms and small, growing ...

  14. SPECIFYING LED COLOR-TUNABLE PRODUCTS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Specifying LED color-tunable luminaires is dependent on being able to make accurate comparisons between products. Yet reporting performance values for color-tunable products is much more...

  15. Information and Communication in Lean Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graebsch, Martin

    In this thesis, the implications and influences that information and communication impose on lean product development in general, as well as the development of a lean Product Development Value Stream Display (lean PDVSD) ...

  16. Nigerian refineries strive for product balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obuasi, P.A.

    1985-06-17

    This article discusses the growth patterns of the Nigerian refining industry. Production and consumption are expected to follow the pattern of consumption of fuel products by the domestic market, Presently, however, production and consumption are not evenly balanced for most fuel products, and non-fuel products are domestically consumed but not produced. Some progress has been made in the effort to match production and consumption of fuel products. But the progress that would have been made to balance non-fuel products has been nullified by 50% of the Daduna refinery being idle. This is due to problems associated with importation of heavy crude oil into Nigeria and also a weak market for asphalt in Nigeria.

  17. Teaching product development by deterministic design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Marc Miller

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this work was to develop a deterministic design and teaching process for the creation of new products ranging from books, to music, to consumer products. The foundation of the process is the Peer-Review ...

  18. Product grammar : construction and exploring solution spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Ryan C. C., 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Developing a design methodology that accounts for system- and component-level parameters in the design of products is a challenge for design and manufacturing organizations. Designed products like automobiles, personal ...

  19. Hadron Production in Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmut Oeschler; Hans Georg Ritter; Nu Xu

    2009-08-12

    We review hadron production in heavy ion collisions with emphasis on pion and kaon production at energies below 2 AGeV and on partonic collectivity at RHIC energies.

  20. Top Quark Production at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco Spanò; for the ATLAS; CMS collaborations

    2011-12-16

    Top quark production in proton proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is reviewed using data collected by the ATLAS and CMS detectors. Most recent results on searches for new physics related to top quark production mechanism are included.