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1

Microsoft Word - STEO supplement non-OPEC supply Final-2.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

08 08 1 February 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Outlook for Non-OPEC Oil Supply Growth in 2008- 2009 1 Most oil market analysts, including EIA, have pointed to the slow growth in oil supply from countries that are not members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in recent years as a key cause of the current high oil price environment. The widening gap between growth in world oil consumption and non- OPEC oil supply has led to greater reliance upon production by OPEC and a drawdown in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) commercial inventories. These conditions have contributed to upward pressure on world oil prices in recent years (see Why Are Oil Prices So High?, supplement to the November 2007 Short-

2

Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports - Dataset Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...

3

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per day) Year Non-OPEC Countries OPEC Countries Total Percent OPEC Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries 1960 0.12 0.02 0.00...

4

A threshold cointegration analysis of asymmetric adjustment of OPEC and non-OPEC monthly crude oil prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the dynamics of crude oil prices of OPEC and non-OPEC countries using ... cointegration. To capture the long-run asymmetric price transmission mechanism, we develop an erro...

Hassan Belkacem Ghassan; Prashanta Kumar Banerjee

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports – Dataset  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Excel file with dataset for Fact #836: Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports

6

This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

discusses our non-OPEC oil production forecast and identifies specific projects that help support our current view. Non-OPEC Oil Production Growth Is Expected To Increase...

7

Energy consumption and economic growth: evidence from non-OPEC oil producing states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the US EIA (2009, www.eia.doe.gov ...), out of the 15 largest oil producing nations in the world, 7 are not OPEC members, namely ... . This paper...

Irina Dolgopolova; Qazi Adnan Muhhamad Hye; Iyala Tam Stewart

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Energy & Financial Markets - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Non-OPEC Non-OPEC Oil production from countries outside the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) currently represents about 60 percent of world oil production. Key centers of non-OPEC production include North America, regions of the former Soviet Union, and the North Sea. EIA expects strong growth in non-OPEC production in 2014 and 2015. This chart shows that net increases in non-OPEC production were very small from 2005 to 2008. This lack of additional supplies from non-OPEC countries contributed to tighter markets in this period. In contrast to OPEC oil production, which is subject to central coordination, non-OPEC producers make independent decisions about oil production. Also, in contrast to OPEC, where oil production is mostly in the hands of national oil companies (NOCs), international or investor-owned

9

Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production@nmsu.edu #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth i Disclaimer This report States Government or any agency thereof. #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic

Johnson, Eric E.

10

"Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Real GDP Growth Trend" " cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown...

11

Essays on Productivity Change, Growth, and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: To replicate an industrial revolution: from exogenous to endogenous growth In the last quarter of the second millennium many countries experienced, simultane- ously, an industrial revolution (an exponential increase

Sadeh, Norman M.

12

Carbon dioxide emissions, impact on Malaysia's manufacturing productivity growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methods used to measure productivity growth generally ignore the pollutants that are produced by the industrial processes. For example, pollutant emissions generated as undesirable output, apart from the main output of Malaysia's manufacturing sector, are excluded from the productivity accounting framework. This study aims at an extended productivity measure that takes pollutants into account by internalisation of Carbon dioxide (CO2) as a measure of air pollutant emissions into the production function, as an unpriced input. The results show that there was a slowdown in the contribution of total factor productivity (TFP) growth in general, and a negative impact of CO2 emissions produced by the sector in particular, compared to other productivity indicators of the sector when CO2 is internalised in the models.

Elsadig Musa Ahmed

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Global production through 2005  

SciTech Connect

Two companion studies released recently should provide great food for thought among geo-political strategists and various national governments. If predictions contained in these Petroconsultants studies of oil and gas production trends for the next 10 years are realized, there will be great repercussions for net exporters and importers, alike. After analyzing and predicting trends within each of the world`s significant producing nations for the 1996--2005 period, the crude oil and condensate report concludes tat global production will jump nearly 24%. By contrast, worldwide gas output will leap 40%. The cast of characters among producers and exporters that will benefit from these increases varies considerably for each fuel. On the oil side, Russia and the OPEC members, particularly the Persian Gulf nations, will be back in the driver`s seat in terms of affecting export and pricing patterns. On the gas side, the leading producers will be an interesting mix of mostly non-OPEC countries. The reemergence of Persian Gulf oil producers, coupled with an anticipated long-term decline among top non-OPEC producing nations should present a sobering picture to government planners within large net importers, such as the US. They are likely to find themselves in much the same supply trap as was experienced in the 1970s, only this time the dependence on foreign oil supplies will be much worse. Gas supplies will not be similarly constrained, and some substitution for oil is probable. Here, two articles, ``World oil industry is set for transition`` and ``Worldwide gas surges forward in next decade,`` present a summary of the findings detailed in Petroconsultants` recent studies.

Foreman, N.E. [Petroconsultants, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Productivity growth and biased technological change in hydroelectric dams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyses productivity growth and the nature of technical change in a sample of Portuguese hydroelectric generating plants over the period 2001 to 2008. In a first step, we employ the Luenberger productivity indicator to estimate and decompose productivity change. A Malmquist productivity index is also used for a comparative purpose. The results paint a picture of mixed productivity performance in the Portuguese energy sector. The first decomposition underlines that, in average, the productivity variation is explained by the technological change. Then, in a second step, we analyse the nature of this technical change by using the recent concept of parallel neutrality (Briec et al., 2006). We observe a global shift in the best practice frontier as well as in the evidence of input bias in technical change.

Walter Briec; Nicolas Peypoch; Hermann Ratsimbanierana

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Simultaneous cell growth and ethanol production from cellulose by an engineered yeast consortium displaying a functional mini-cellulosome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cell growth and ethanol production from cellulose by anKeywords: cellulose, cellulosome, ethanol, yeast,growth and ethanol production from cellulose. However,

Goyal, Garima; Tsai, Shen-Long; Madan, Bhawna; DaSilva, Nancy A; Chen, Wilfred

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Utility of Plant Growth Regulation in Cotton Production D.M. Dodds, Mississippi State University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utility of Plant Growth Regulation in Cotton Production Authors D.M. Dodds, Mississippi State State University, formerly Louisiana State University R.L. Nichols, Cotton Incorporated Plant Growth Regulation in Cotton Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are commonly used to manage vegetative growth in cotton

Behmer, Spencer T.

17

MODELING DROUGHT IMPACT ON H. BRASILIENSIS TRANSPIRATION, GROWTH AND LATEX PRODUCTION OF A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, growth and production for a pure rubber tree stand. However, in our conditions of much degraded soil and latex production are two distinct physiological phenomena in rubber trees (Rao et al., 19981 MODELING DROUGHT IMPACT ON H. BRASILIENSIS 2 TRANSPIRATION, GROWTH AND LATEX PRODUCTION

Boyer, Edmond

18

Future world oil production: Growth, plateau, or peak?1 Larry Hughes and Jacinda Rudolph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Systems 2010 #12;Future world oil production: Growth, plateau, or peak? Larry Hughes2 and Jacinda governments to reduce their energy intensity (6), the growth in oil production resumed in the mid-1980s World Energy Outlook, production is projected to increase to 103.8 million barrels of oil a day by 2030

Hughes, Larry

19

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural productivity growth Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2009 Agriculture for Development Summary: Crisis 2: Stagnant productivity growth in SS-Africa agriculture 12;11 II. Current crises and resurgence... crises: Rising food insecurity...

20

This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

extent of supply disruptions affecting non-OPEC production for either technical or political reasons at any point in time can significantly change the amount of OPEC production...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Energy use, technical progress and productivity growth : a survey of economic issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a survey paper for non-specialists on interactions between energy and productivity growth. The first half of the paper surveys the general economic literature linking technical progress to realized gains in ...

Berndt, Ernst R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Optimal consumption in a growth model with the Cobb-Douglas production function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal consumption in a growth model with the Cobb-Douglas production function Hiroaki Morimoto Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong Abstract An optimal consumption problem, and a synthesis of the optimal consumption policy is presented in the feedback form. Key words. Economic growth

23

R&D, trade, and productivity growth in korean manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the effects of both R&D spillovers and trade patterns on productivity in Korean manufacturing, using industry-level data. The results show that domestic and foreign R&D capital stocks play...

Taegi Kim; Changsuh Park

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Monthly Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

expanding economies. Dependence on crude oil from OPEC should increase despite Natural gas. Natural gas accounted for 21 percent of the record levels of non-OPEC production....

25

Growth and virulence response of Salmonella typhimurium to soluble Maillard reaction products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: ________________________ ________________________ Steven C. Ricke Luc Berghman (Chair of Committee) (Member) ________________________ ________________________ J. Allen Byrd Randle Moore.... Ricke In order to determine the effects that Maillard Reaction Products (MRP) have on Salmonella Typhimurium, growth rates and virulence expression, in the presence of Maillard reaction products, were observed, using the ?? galactosidase Miller Assay...

Kundinger, Megan Mary

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

26

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 1 May 2006 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 9, 2006 Release Overview Crude oil prices surged in April and have now almost doubled over the last 2 years. While rising crude oil prices have slowed world petroleum demand growth, world consumption nevertheless rose by 3.8 million barrels per day (bbl/d) over this period. In 2004 production in both Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and non-OPEC countries increased to meet growing demand. In 2005 all of the increase in world production came from OPEC members, as Hurricanes Rita and Katrina pummeled U.S. production, which offset the production growth in other non-OPEC countries. World surplus crude oil production capacity, located

27

Insulin and insulin-like growth factor I exert different effects on plasminogen activator production or cell growth in the ovine thyroid cell line OVNIS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Insulin and Insulin-like Growth Factor I (IGF-I) are evaluated for their capacity to affect cell proliferation and plasminogen activator (PA) activity production in an ovine thyroid cell line OVNIS. Insulin at ph...

B. Degryse; F. Maisonobe; S. Hovsépian…

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Refuse derived soluble bio-organics enhancing tomato plant growth and productivity  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Municipal bio-wastes are a sustainable source of bio-based products. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Refuse derived soluble bio-organics promote chlorophyll synthesis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Refuse derived soluble bio-organics enhance plant growth and fruit ripening rate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sustainable chemistry exploiting urban refuse allows sustainable development. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chemistry, agriculture and the environment benefit from biowaste technology. - Abstract: Municipal bio-refuse (CVD), containing kitchen wastes, home gardening residues and public park trimmings, was treated with alkali to yield a soluble bio-organic fraction (SBO) and an insoluble residue. These materials were characterized using elemental analysis, potentiometric titration, and 13C NMR spectroscopy, and then applied as organic fertilizers to soil for tomato greenhouse cultivation. Their performance was compared with a commercial product obtained from animal residues. Plant growth, fruit yield and quality, and soil and leaf chemical composition were the selected performance indicators. The SBO exhibited the best performance by enhancing leaf chlorophyll content, improving plant growth and fruit ripening rate and yield. No product performance-chemical composition relationship could be assessed. Solubility could be one reason for the superior performance of SBO as a tomato growth promoter. The enhancement of leaf chlorophyll content is discussed to identify a possible link with the SBO photosensitizing properties that have been demonstrated in other work, and thus with photosynthetic performance.

Sortino, Orazio [Dipartimento di Scienze Agronomiche Agrochimiche e delle Produzioni Animali, Universita degli Studi di Catania, Via Valdisavoia 5, 95123 Catania (Italy); Dipasquale, Mauro [Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita di Torino, Via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino (Italy); Montoneri, Enzo, E-mail: enzo.montoneri@unito.it [Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita di Torino, Via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino (Italy); Tomasso, Lorenzo; Perrone, Daniele G. [Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita di Torino, Via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino (Italy); Vindrola, Daniela; Negre, Michele; Piccone, Giuseppe [Dipartimento di Valorizzazione e Protezione delle Risorse Agroforestali, Universita di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (Italy)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

Seed Production and Pollen Tube Growth Following Cross-and Self-Pollinations in Sphaeralcea laxa Woot. & Standl.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cross-pollinatedwith no evidence of typical self- incompatibility mechanisms. The genus SphaeralceaSeed Production and Pollen Tube Growth Following Cross- and Self-Pollinations in Sphaeralcea laxa://www.jstor.org Wed Mar 5 12:55:29 2008 #12;SEED PRODUCTION AND POLLEN TUBE GROWTH FOLLOWING CROSS- AND SELF

Smith, Steven E.

30

Report Title: Oil and Gas Production and Economic Growth In New Mexico Type of Report: Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report Title: Oil and Gas Production and Economic Growth In New Mexico Type of Report: Technical agency thereof. #12;Page | ii Oil and Gas Production and Economic Growth in New Mexico James Peach and C Mexico's marketed value of oil and gas was $19.2 billion (24.0 percent of state GDP). This paper

Johnson, Eric E.

31

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release)- Energy Prices Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices Prices Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release) Energy Prices EIA has raised the reference case path for world oil prices in AEO2008 (although the upward adjustment is smaller than the last major adjustment, introduced in AEO2006). In developing its current oil price outlook, EIA explicitly considered four factors: (1) expected growth in world liquids consumption; (2) the outlook for conventional oil production in countries outside the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (non-OPEC producers); (3) growth in unconventional liquids production; and (4) OPEC behavior. Global economic growth has been strong over the past few years, despite high oil prices; and it now appears that, in the mid-term, the cost of non-OPEC conventional oil and unconventional liquids will be higher than previously assumed. As a result, in the AEO2008 reference case, OPEC and non-OPEC production volumes and total world liquids production are similar to those in the AEO2007 reference case, but the oil prices are higher.4

32

Introduction: technological innovation and productivity growth: a perspective after the burst of the IT bubble  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers the relationship between technological innovation and productivity growth and provides a unified framework of reference to read and interpret the papers included in this issue. As we have come to understand more and more about the complex relationship between technological innovation and productivity, it is also true that the importance attributed to technological change has shifted considerably over the last few years. From the ''frustrating years'' of the productivity slowdown, to the euphoria of the IT bubble, to the current state of somewhat scepticism in which technological change as an economic issue has come to look, if not quite irrelevant, like taking second-stage to other concerns. This paper provides a brief overview of these shifts, but then moves to a review of the current state of knowledge, based on both conceptual and empirical findings. Research on innovation and productivity has been vibrant, as we hope to show, and has produced illuminating insights, with intellectual and practical policymaking relevance. After reviewing some of these research results, the paper concludes by introducing the remaining papers in this issue, which focus on critically relevant aspects of the emerging network society. It is hoped that these papers will add to the current level of scholarship, and will contribute to expanding our knowledge about the relationship between technological innovation and productivity growth in the network society.

Pedro Conceicao; Manuel V. Heitor

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Comparisons of type and volume of growth media and two cropping systems for production of greenhouse tomatoes Lycopersicon esculentum Mill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPARISONS OF TYPE AND VOLUME OF GROWTH MEDIA AND TWO CROPPING SYSTEMS FOR PRODUCTION OF GREENHOUSE TOMATOES LYCOPERSICON ESCULENTUM MILL. A Thesis by JOHN DARRYL BYRD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A & M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1977 Major Subject: Horticulture COMPARISONS OF TYPE AND VOLUME OF GROWTH MEDIA AND TWO CROPPING SYSTEMS FOR PRODUCTIOF OF GREENHOUSE TOMATOES LYCOPERSICON ESCULENTUM MILL. A...

Byrd, John Darryl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

34

Life-Cycle Assessment in Pesticide Product Development:? Methods and Case Study on Two Plant-Growth Regulators from Different Product Generations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life-cycle assessment (LCA) enables a more comprehensive evaluation by additionally assessing the impacts of pesticide production and application (e.g. ... Also, the break-even point depends strongly on the yield increase data determined in field trials, which are specific to the use of growth regulators in intensive agriculture. ...

Georg Geisler; Stefanie Hellweg; Thomas B. Hofstetter; Konrad Hungerbuehler

2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

35

Growth and lipid accumulation characteristics of Scenedesmus obliquus in semi-continuous cultivation outdoors for biodiesel feedstock production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In an effort to identify suitable microalgal species for biodiesel production, seven species were isolated from various habitats and their growth characteristics were compared. The results demonstrated that a green alga Scenedesmus obliquus could grow more rapidly and synthesize more lipids than other six microalgal strains. S. obliquus grew well both indoors and outdoors, and reached higher ?max indoors than that outdoors. However, the cells achieved higher dry weight (4.36 g L?1), lipid content (49.6%) and productivity (183 mg L?1 day?1) outdoors than in indoor cultures. During the 61 days semi-continuous cultivation outdoors, high biomass productivities (450–550 mg L?1 day?1) and ?max (1.05–1.44 day?1) were obtained. The cells could also achieve high lipid productivities (151–193 mg L?1 day?1). These results indicated that S. obliquus was promising for lipids production in semi-continuous cultivation outdoors.

Pingzhong Feng; Kang Yang; Zhongbin Xu; Zhongming Wang; Lu Fan; Lei Qin; Shunni Zhu; Changhua Shang; Peng Chai; Zhenhong Yuan; Lei Hu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

will total 10.2 million bbld in 2012 and 10.3 million bbld in 2013. In contrast, Russia, which had accounted for the bulk of non-OPEC growth between 2000 and 2007, looks set...

37

Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department released three new reports showcasing strong growth across the U.S. fuel cell and hydrogen technologies market.

38

U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department has released three new reports showcasing strong growth across the U.S. fuel cell and hydrogen technologies market.

39

Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Independent Statistics & Analysis" Independent Statistics & Analysis" ,"U.S. Energy Information Administration" ,"Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures, December 2013" ,"U.S. Prices" ,,"West Texas Intermediate (WTI) Crude Oil Price" ,,"U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"U.S. Diesel Fuel and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"Henry Hub Natural Gas Price" ,,"U.S. Natural Gas Prices" ,"World Liquid Fuels" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Production and Consumption Balance" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Outages Among OPEC Producers" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Disruptions Among non-OPEC Producers" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption Growth"

40

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The figure below shows the volume and source of imported petroleum to the United States from 1960 to 2013. The countries which are members of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 1 ` September 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook September 11, 2007 Release Highlights * Oil market fundamentals will likely remain tight reflecting continued production restraint by members of OPEC, rising consumption, moderate growth in non- OPEC supply, and falling inventories. Barring a slowdown in oil demand growth, continued high demand and low surplus capacity leave the market vulnerable to unexpected supply disruptions through 2008. * The price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil dropped by about $2 per barrel in August from the record-high monthly average price of over $74 per barrel set in July. Tight world oil markets are expected to keep WTI prices around $71

42

Controlling Tumor Growth by Modulating Endogenous Production of Reactive Oxygen Species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...factors trigger hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production that leads...Materials and Methods Animals...generation of hydrogen peroxide...et al. Hydrogen peroxide...Enhanced ROS production in oncogenically...in vitro. Methods Enzymol 1984...

Alexis Laurent; Carole Nicco; Christiane Chéreau; Claire Goulvestre; Jérôme Alexandre; Arnaud Alves; Eva Lévy; Francois Goldwasser; Yves Panis; Olivier Soubrane; Bernard Weill; and Frédéric Batteux

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Feedbacks between inundation, root production, and shoot growth in a rapidly submerging brackish marsh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. To understand the relationships between sea level rise and marsh survival, we measured root and shoot growth at low sea level rise rates), we propose that an acceleration in the rate of sea level rise will lead at rapid sea level rise rates and/or low sediment supply), increases in the water level will lead

Newman, Michael C.

44

Simplified Production of a Recombinant Human Angiostatin Derivative That Suppresses Intracerebral Glial Tumor Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to facilitating production, the use of recombinant...MATERIALS AND METHODS Cell Lines and Animals...incubated with 0.1% hydrogen peroxide to destroy...recorded. Statistical Methods. Numerical values...endothelial cells. Production of sufficient quantities...demonstrates a simple method to produce a biologically...

Patricio I. Meneses; Lauren E. Abrey; Katherine A. Hajjar; S. Humayun Gultekin; Robert M. Duvoisin; Kenneth I. Berns; and Myrna R. Rosenfeld

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Microsoft Word - nonopec_supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10 10 1 January 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Outlook for Non-OPEC Supply in 2010-2011 1 Summary Two large categories define the world's producing countries of crude oil and other liquid fuels 2 (hereafter "liquids"): those that are members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and those that are outside that group (non-OPEC). This article takes a closer look at the latter category. After growing by 630,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2009, EIA expects non-OPEC liquids supply growth of 420,000 bbl/d in 2010, followed by decline in non-OPEC liquids supply of 140,000 bbl/d in 2011 (the end of the current forecast

46

Screening, Growth Medium Optimisation and Heterotrophic Cultivation of Microalgae for Biodiesel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a study on screening of microalgal strains from the Peking University Algae Collection and heterotrophic cultivation for biodiesel production of a selected microalgal strain. Among...Chlorel...

Zongchao Jia; Ying Liu; Maurycy Daroch; Shu Geng…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Effects of Biochar Recycling on Switchgrass Growth and Soil and Water Quality in Bioenergy Production Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intensive biomass production in emerging bioenergy systems could increase nonpoint-source sediment and nutrient losses and impair surface and groundwater quality. Recycling biochar, a charcoal byproduct from pyrolysis of biomass, provides potential...

Husmoen, Derek Howard

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

48

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Global Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Global Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Global Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Overview EIA expects production from countries outside of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to grow year-over-year by a record high of 1.9 million bbl/d in 2014. OPEC crude oil production is forecast to decline by 0.5 million bbl/d in 2014, mostly as a result of some OPEC producers cutting back production to accommodate non-OPEC supply growth. The projected decline in production by some OPEC producers increases in surplus crude oil production capacity, which grows from an average of 2.2 million bbl/d in 2013 to 2.7 million bbl/d in 2014. The call on OPEC crude oil and global stocks (world consumption less non-OPEC production and OPEC non-crude oil production) falls from an average 30.4 million bbl/d in 2013

49

DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED ANAEROBIC GROWTH OF BACILLUS MOJAVENSIS STRAIN JF-2 FOR THE PURPOSE OF IMPROVED ANAEROBIC BIOSURFACTANT PRODUCTION FOR ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY  

SciTech Connect

Our work focuses on the use of microorganisms to recover petroleum hydrocarbons that remain entrapped after current recovery technologies reach their economic limit. Capillary forces between the hydrocarbon and aqueous phases are largely responsible for trapping the hydrocarbons in the pores of the rock and large reductions in the interfacial tension between the hydrocarbon and aqueous phases are needed for hydrocarbon mobilization (1-3, 10, 11). Microorganisms produce a variety of biosurfactants (4), several of which generate the ultra low interfacial tensions needed for hydrocarbon mobilization (4, 5, 8). In particular, the lipopeptide biosurfactant produced by Bacillus mojavensis strain JF-2 reduces the interfacial tension between hydrocarbon and aqueous phases to very low levels (<0.016 mN/m) (8) (9). B. mojavensis JF-2 grows under the environmental conditions found in many oil reservoirs, i. e., anaerobic, NaCl concentrations up to 80 g l{sup -1}, and temperatures up to 45 C (6, 7), making it ideally suited for in situ applications. However, anaerobic growth of B. mojavensis JF-2 was inconsistent and difficult to replicate, which limited its use for in situ applications. Our initial studies revealed that enzymatic digests, such as Proteose Peptone, were required for anaerobic growth of Bacillus mojavensis JF-2. Subsequent purification of the growth-enhancing factor in Proteose Peptone resulted in the identification of the growth-enhancing factor as DNA or deoxyribonucleosides. The addition of salmon sperm DNA, herring sperm DNA, E. coli DNA or synthetic DNA (single or double stranded) to Medium E all supported anaerobic growth of JF-2. Further, we found that JF-2 required all four deoxyribonucleosides (deoxyadeonosine, deoxyguanosine, deoxycytidine and thymidine) for growth under strict anaerobic conditions. The requirement for the deoxyribonucleosides did not occur under aerobic growth conditions. DNA was not used as a sole energy source; sucrose was required for anaerobic growth and biosurfactant production in DNA-supplemented Medium E. In addition to DNA or deoxyribonucleosides, nitrate, amino acids and vitamins were all required for anaerobic growth of JF-2. Bacillus mojavensisT (ABO21191), Bacillus mojavensis, strain ROB2 also required DNA or deoxyribonucleosides for anaerobic growth. The improved anaerobic growth of Bacillus mojavensis JF-2 was a prerequisite for studies that will lead to improved anaerobic biosurfactant production.

M.J. McInerney; M. Folmsbee; D. Nagle

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

50

Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production is obtained from proved reserves but the determinants of the scale of production in the industry and country components of the world total are many and complex with some unique to the individual com...

D. C. Ion

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 12, 2011 April 12, 2011 2011 Summer Transportation Fuels Outlook Key factors driving the short-term outlook 2 2011 Summer Transportation Fuels Outlook * Disruption of crude oil and liquefied natural gas supply from Libya and uncertainty over security of supply from other countries in the Middle East and North Africa region * Strong growth in world consumption, driven by growth in emerging economies * Slow growth in non-OPEC production * Reliance on drawdown of inventories and increasing oil production from OPEC countries with a decline in available surplus production capacity World liquid fuels consumption is projected to increase by 1.5 million bbl/d in 2011 3 million barrels per day million barrels per day Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2011 30 35 40 45 50 55

52

Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of...

53

Simultaneous cell growth and ethanol production from cellulose by an engineered yeast consortium displaying a functional mini-cellulosome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cellulase, clostridia, and ethanol. Microbiol Mol Biol RevNext- generation cellulosic ethanol technologies and theirProduction of cellulosic ethanol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Goyal, Garima; Tsai, Shen-Long; Madan, Bhawna; DaSilva, Nancy A; Chen, Wilfred

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of cultivation systems.

55

Estimation of reproductive, production, and progeny growth differences among f1 boer-spanish and spanish females  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study was performed in the Edwards Plateau region of West Texas from the years of 1994 through 2004 and involved data collected on 291 F1 Boer-Spanish and Spanish does and their 1,941 kids. Differences were estimated between dam types for growth...

Rhone, Jeffrey Andrew

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

56

1999 F. N. Speller award lecture: Extending the limits of growth through development of corrosion-resistant steel products  

SciTech Connect

The costs of corrosion have been estimated at [approximately]4.2% of the gross domestic product (GDP) or [approximately]$330 billion in 1997 for the United States. However, when the potential effects on extending resource productivity are taken into account, the benefits of corrosion control are substantially greater. Previous reports have suggested that more efficient utilization of resources is essential to avoiding serious economic collapse in the next century. In preventing corrosion losses, corrosion specialists can extend the Earth's materials and energy resources, reduce pollution, and improve the quality of life for future generations. Three examples of achieving significant increases in resource productivity through the development and implementation of corrosion-resistant steel products are: (1) galvanized sheet for automobiles, (2) weathering steel for bridges, and (3) 55% Al-Zn alloy-coated steel sheet for metal buildings.

Townsend, H.E. (Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (United States))

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Siting algae cultivation facilities for biofuel production in the United States: trade-offs between growth rate, site constructability, water availability, and infrastructure  

SciTech Connect

Locating sites for new algae cultivation facilities is a complex task. The climate must support high growth rates, and cultivation ponds require appropriate land and water resources as well as key utility and transportation infrastructure. We employ our spatiotemporal Biomass Assessment Tool (BAT) to select promising locations based on the open-pond cultivation of Arthrospira sp. and a strain of the order Desmidiales. 64,000 potential sites across the southern United States were evaluated. We progressively apply a range of screening criteria and track their impact on the number of selected sites, geographic location, and biomass productivity. Both strains demonstrate maximum productivity along the Gulf of Mexico coast, with the highest values on the Florida peninsula. In contrast, sites meeting all selection criteria for Arthrospira were located along the southern coast of Texas and for Desmidiales were located in Louisiana and southern Arkansas. Site selection was driven mainly by the lack of oil pipeline access in Florida and elevated groundwater salinity in southern Texas. The requirement for low salinity freshwater (<400 mg L-1) constrained Desmidiales locations; siting flexibility is greater for salt-tolerant species such as Arthrospira. Combined siting factors can result in significant departures from regions of maximum productivity but are within the expected range of site-specific process improvements.

Venteris, Erik R.; McBride, Robert; Coleman, Andre M.; Skaggs, Richard; Wigmosta, Mark S.

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

58

Aspen for short-rotation coppice plantations on agricultural sites in Germany: Effects of spacing and rotation time on growth and biomass production of aspen progenies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The suitability of agricultural sites for the production of woody biomass using fast-growing trees in short-rotation coppice plantations is being investigated in a joint multi-discipline project. The basis of this project are two trial plantations, one in Bavaria (south Germany) and the other in Hesse (central Germany). At the trial plantation in Bavaria (Abbachhof), six aspen progenies were planted in 1983 and tested for their suitability in different short-rotation periods (5 and 10 years) and three different spacings. At the other location in Hesse (Canstein), 14 aspen progenies were planted in 1986 and tested in a 10-year rotation period at one spacing. The progenies tested resulted from cross-pollinations of selected trees of European (Populus tremula L.) and American aspen (P. tremuloides Michx.). The trials show that hybrid aspen have a higher biomass production in short-rotations than progenies from European or American aspen. This is due to a lower mortality rate as well as to a higher growth rate. Even on sites low in nutrients and only average water availability hybrid aspen are capable of producing biomass on an average of 100 t/ha (wood and bark including branches, absolutely dry) within a 10-year rotation period. The results show that the harvesting should be more than 10 years in order to achieve a maximum average biomass-production per year.

M Liesebach; G von Wuehlisch; H.-J Muhs

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

No Slide Title  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Summer Transportation 8 Summer Transportation 2008 Summer Transportation Fuels Outlook Fuels Outlook Guy Caruso Administrator Energy Information Administration EIA 2008 Energy Conference 30 Years of Energy Information and Analysis April 8, 2008 Washington, DC EIA, Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2008 1) Rising world oil consumption 2) Low global surplus oil production capacity 3) Insufficient non-OPEC oil supply growth relative to demand 4) Supply concerns in international oil markets Together these factors contribute to high prices for petroleum products. Key Factors Driving the Short-Term Forecast EIA, Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2008 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Million barrels per day -0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 Change from prior year (million barrels

60

Energy and the Oil-Importing Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...300 person days of work per year to gather...point after 1973, to 5 percent...factors of production, but there...Domestic Energy Production Even though...Increasing energy production at home has...drilled in non-OPEC de-veloping...about 10 to 25 per-cent of...

Joy Dunkerley; William Ramsay

1982-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Trap types vs productivity of significant Wilcox gas fields in the south Texas, listric growth fault trend, and the divergent origin of its two largest producers  

SciTech Connect

Detailed mapping and analysis of 23 Wilcox fields in the subject trend indicates that gas production is related to trap type. Of total cumulative production of 3.4 TCFG, 65% is from upthrown fault blocks implying very effective fault seals due to differential pressure and/or shale smears. NE Thompsonville and Bob West fields have produced 650 and 200 BCFG, respectively, with 400 BCFG remaining reserves in the latter. The field structures are not attributed to listric growth faulting, as is suggested by their trend location. NE Thompsonville is a 9-mile-long turtle structure that originated through depositional loading of an upper slope basin, followed by tilting, and then eventual collapse of a sediment squeeze-up mound due to gravitational instability. These events provide an excellent example of basin evolution through sediment loading accompanied by withdrawal of a salt-shale substrate; the basin flanks are defined by basin-dipping listric faulting that accommodated subsidence and merge beneath its floor. Bob West Field lies along the edge of the Laramide fold belt. The 1-1/2 x 4 mile field anticline adjoins a deep-seated fault that slices over and across a buried structural ridge of probable Cretaceous age. Uplift of the latter, immediately following deposition of 20+ stacked, shelf-bar producing sands, upwarped the fault and resulted in rollover growth of the Wilcox anticline. The fault shows no downward decrease in dip typical of listric faults. NE Thompsonville and Bob West fields both produce upthrown along crestal faults. This analysis indicates that {open_quotes}high-side{close_quotes} closures, irrespective of diverse origins, have achieved head-of-the-class stature as Wilcox gas producers.

Stricklin, F.L. Jr. [Wilcox Exploration Enterprises, Woodlands, TX (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator ... The literature documents several hundred plant products that appear to exhibit growth-regulating activity. ...

J. George Buta; Joseph F. Worley

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Offshore wind farms as productive sites or ecological traps for gadoid fishes? – Impact on growth, condition index and diet composition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With the construction of wind farms all across the North Sea, numerous artificial reefs are created. These windmill artificial reefs (WARs) harbour high abundances of fish species which can be attracted from elsewhere or can be the result of extra production induced by these wind farms. To resolve the attraction–production debate in suddenly altered ecosystems (cf. wind farms), the possible consequences of attraction should be assessed; thereby bearing in mind that ecological traps may arise. In this paper we investigated whether the wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea act as ecological traps for pouting and Atlantic cod. Length-at-age, condition and diet composition of fish present at the windmill artificial reefs was compared to local and regional sandy areas. Fish data from the period 2009–2012 were evaluated. Mainly I- and II-group Atlantic cod were present around the WARs; while the 0- and I-group dominated for pouting. For Atlantic cod, no differences in length were observed between sites, indicating that fitness was comparable at the \\{WARs\\} and in sandy areas. No significant differences in condition index were observed for pouting. At the WARs, they were slightly larger and stomach fullness was enhanced compared to the surrounding sandy areas. Also diet differed considerably among the sites. The outcome of the proxies indicate that fitness of pouting was slightly enhanced compared to the surrounding sandy areas. No evidence was obtained supporting the hypothesis that the \\{WARs\\} act as an ecological trap for Atlantic cod and pouting.

Jan T. Reubens; Sofie Vandendriessche; Annemie N. Zenner; Steven Degraer; Magda Vincx

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

winfuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 1 Winter Fuels Outlook: 2000-2001 Introduction This winter--defined as the period from October 2000 to March 2001--is expected to bring with it significantly higher heating bills than those seen last winter. The main reasons for this outcome are: 1) expected space-heating fuels requirements larger than those of last winter, the warmest on record; 2) inventories of key heating fuels-- especially heating oil--below normal and substantially below those of the outset of the winter of 1999-2000, and 3) crude-oil prices at relatively high levels. Because of the brisk recovery of Asian economies and continued robust growth in the U.S., neither the production increases announced by OPEC since last winter nor efforts by non-OPEC sources to increase output have been able to stem the increase in crude oil prices.

65

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Topics  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Prices AEO 2011 Prices Energy Prices AEO 2011 Prices Mkt trends Market Trends World oil prices in AEO2011, defined in terms of the average price of low-sulfur, light crude oil delivered to Cushing, Oklahoma, span a broad range that reflects the inherent volatility and uncertainty of world oil prices (Figure 52). The AEO2011 price paths are not intended to reflect absolute bounds for future oil prices, but rather to allow analysis of the implications of world oil market conditions that differ from those assumed in the AEO2011 Reference case. The Reference case assumes a continuation of current trends in terms of economic access to non-OPEC resources, the OPEC market share of world production, and global economic growth. See more figure data Reference Case Tables Table 1. Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary XLS

66

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices Prices Crude Oil Figure DataWorld oil prices declined sharply in the second half of 2008 from their peak in mid-July of that year. Real prices trended upward throughout 2009, and through November 2010 they remained generally in a range between $70 and $85 per barrel. Prices continue to rise gradually in the Reference case (Figure 4), as the world economy recovers and global demand grows more rapidly than liquids supplies from producers outside the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2035, the average real price of crude oil in the Reference case is $125 per barrel in 2009 dollars, or about $200 per barrel in nominal dollars. The AEO2011 Reference case assumes that limitations on access to energy resources restrain the growth of non-OPEC conventional liquids production

67

Microsoft Word - MPUR_Jun2013_final.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 June 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: After declining in March and April, Brent and WTI prices traded in a relatively narrow range for most of May. Brent settled at $103.61 per barrel on June 6, an increase of $3.66 per barrel since May 1, and WTI settled at $94.76 per barrel on June 6, an increase of $3.73 per barrel since May 1 (Figure 1). Recent oil price reflect a more subdued outlook for world economic growth, the possibility of the U.S. Federal Reserve bank reducing or ending its asset purchases program, and continued improvements in forecasts for non-OPEC crude oil production,

68

Growth, CO2 Consumption, and H2 Production of Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413-U under Different Irradiances and CO2 Concentrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benemann, J. (2000). Hydrogen production by microalgae, JHall, D. (2000). Hydrogen production by Anabaena variabilisand Veziroglu, T. (2001). Hydrogen production by biological

Berberoglu, Halil; Barra, Natasha; Pilon, Laurent; Jay, Jenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Response Surface Models To Describe the Effects of Temperature, pH, and Ethanol Concentration on Growth Kinetics and Fermentation End Products of a Pectinatus sp.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...temperature, pH, and ethanol concentration. The activation energy of this microorganism...different activation energy (E(infa...vol/vol) ethanol for the growth...temperature, pH, and ethanol concentration. The activation energy of this microorganism...

D Watier; H C Dubourguier; I Leguerinel; J P Hornez

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Stimulative Effects of Estrogens on Tumor Growth and 5?-Steroid Production in a Mouse Leydig Cell Tumor Line (T 124958-R)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cells were harvested by a rubber policeman at the indicated...conditions used, the rate of production of 5 -or 17/3-hydroxy...FEBRUARY 1986 574 5 -ANDROGEN PRODUCTION IN MOUSE LEYDIG CELL TUMOR...FEBRUARY 1986 575 5a-ANDROGEN PRODUCTION IN MOUSE LEYDIG CELL TUMOR...

Shinzaburo Noguchi; Yasuko Nishizawa; Daishiro Takatsuka; Bunzo Sato; and Keishi Matsumoto

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Effects of Granule-Associated Protein PhaP on Glycerol-Dependent Growth and Polymer Production in Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate)-Producing Escherichia coli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cultures. The development of bacterial...product in the development of fermentation strategies. Accumulation...flat-bladed disk turbines (BioFlo110...determined by gas chromatography...cultures. The development of bacterial...

Alejandra de Almeida; Pablo I. Nikel; Andrea M. Giordano; M. Julia Pettinari

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

72

Interactive effects of simultaneously applied thinning, pruning and fertiliser application treatments on growth, biomass production and crown architecture in a young Eucalyptus nitens plantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thinning, pruning and fertiliser are often applied simultaneously but interactions between these treatments are rarely examined. This may inhibit managers from making the most of these silvicultural investments. This study examined whether thinning, pruning and nitrogen fertiliser application at age 3.2 years, interact with each other to influence the growth and crown architecture of Eucalyptus nitens trees to age 8.1 years. Two levels of each treatment were applied in a factorial design replicated three times in a plantation near Carrajung, Victoria, Australia. Treatments included: unthinned, or thinned from ca. 900 to 300 trees ha?1; unpruned, or 50% of the live crown length pruned of the largest 300 potential sawlog crop trees ha?1; and nil, or 300 kg ha?1 N fertiliser. All treatments interacted, such that by age 6 years the relative pruning effects were greater in thinned and fertiliser application treatments. The treatment interactions observed were consistent with ecological theory relating to the influence of resource availability on defoliation. Increases in crown size after thinning and fertiliser application were associated with increases in branch sizes and longevities. Leaf area density (m2 leaf area per m3 volume of a given crown section) increased with height in the crown and treatments had only a minor influence on this trend. Thinning and fertiliser also increased the ratio of leaf to wood mass, while pruning had the opposite effect, and all were independent of differences in tree size. Due to these treatment effects on biomass partitioning, treatment interactions in terms of stand above-ground biomass of the largest 200 potential sawlog crop trees ha?1 were not significant. Despite significant variability across treatments, stand level biomass growth across all treatments was closely related to leaf area index, with deviations occurring for about one year after thinning and pruning due to increases in the growth efficiency expressed as volume growth per unit leaf area. This study illustrates the crown plasticity with which foresters can work to achieve specific management goals relating to growth rates and log quality. It also shows that responses to thinning, pruning and fertiliser application may not be independent of each other, with both thinning and fertiliser application increasing the effects of pruning.

David I. Forrester; John J. Collopy; Christopher L. Beadle; Thomas G. Baker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - International Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Energy Module International Energy Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 International Energy Module Figure 2. World Oil Prices in Three Cases, 1995-2035 Figure 2. World Oil Prices in three Cases, 1995-2035 (2008 dollars per barrel). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 3. OPEC Total Liquids Production in the Reference Case, 1980-2035 Figure 3. OPEC Total Liquids Production in the Reference Case, 1995-2030 (million barrels per day). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 4. Non-OPEC Total Liquids Production in the Reference Case, 1980-2035 Figure 4. Non-OPEC Total Liquids Production in the Reference Case, 1995-2030 (million barrels per day). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

74

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

75

Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions  

SciTech Connect

There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

Not Available

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Oil Reserves and Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Oil Reserves and Production Eric Drake The growth of world energy requirements over the last...remaining proved recoverable reserves will probably decline continuously...to grow. The declining reserves will be insufficient to...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual growth bands Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A. Zuidema Summary: questions: 1. Is tree ring formation annual and can ring analysis be applied for accurate tree growth... and products of the six study species. Growth...

78

Future oil supply scenarios and required investment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The supply of oil, like any other commodity, is sensitive to price changes. However, movements in oil supply are dependent on other additional factors, the most important of which are the geology of the region and the fiscal and contractual regimes. Total world oil supply to meet the current demand is estimated at about 52 mb/d (excluding the former CPEs). Since non-OPEC production has plateaued and is expected to fall in the future, the additional future oil supplies must come from OPEC member countries. This conclusion is borne out if we examine the respective reserves and reserves-to-production ratio of OPEC and non-OPEC producers. Of the world's total proven oil reserves of about 922 billion barrels (excluding the former CPEs), OPEC holds 84 per cent. The reserves-to-production ratio of OPEC member countries presently stands at more than 100 years, and with known reserves regularly being revised upwards. For the rest of the world, excluding the former CPEs, the ratio is only 16 years. During the 1990s, the largest growth in production capacity to meet the increasing demand is expected to come from OPEC member countries, particularly the Middle Eastern ones. Non-OPEC regions, such as North America and the Soviet Union, are expected to continue their decline. whereas the North Sea region will mature and start to fall at the end of the decade. The per barrel investment cost in capacity expansion in OPEC region, particularly in the Middle-East, is the lowest in the world to develop a new capacity and to main current output. This is in line with the present low level of production cost in the region. The application of enhanced recovery techniques to some of the mature fields in OPEC countries would not change the picture in general terms, and the impact of the new technology will be to further reduce the cost of oil production. In order to meet the increasing future oil demand, substantial additional investment, especially in the upstream sector, is required by OPEC member countries. To enhance the investment needed, OPEC producers must be able to predict the oil demand, which means that co-operation measures between all producers, oil companies, the consumers and their governments are urgently needed. The future pattern of energy requirements is expected to stimulate upstream exploratory and development activities as well as other development of infrastructures, such as pipelines in the gas and oil industries. The numerous accidents in recent years in energy production, transport, distribution, refining and conversion have confirmed the need to tighten the environmental regulations, and the need to increase investments in all the energy industries after a decade of under-investment, especially in the oil upstream.

A. Miremadi; I.A.H Ismail

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

No Slide Title  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summer Transportation Summer Transportation Fuels Outlook U.S. Energy Information Administration April 6, 2010 Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2010 1) Stronger economic recovery in emerging economies 2) High inventories 3) Slowing growth in non-OPEC production 4) Higher OPEC surplus crude oil production capacity Together these factors contribute to relatively stable but rising prices for crude oil and petroleum products. Key factors driving the Short-Term Outlook Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2010 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 -2.5 -1.5 -0.5 0.5 1.5 2.5 3.5 4.5 5.5 China United States Other Total consumption Annual growth Forecast World liquid fuels consumption is projected to increase by 1.5 million bbl/d in 2010 million barrels per day million barrels per day

80

Molar Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molar Growth Molar Growth Name: Daniel Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What animals have molars that grow continuously ? Replies: No mammals that I or my colleagues are aware of, only some few whose incisors grow continuously. J. Elliott Most vertebrates are "polyphyodonts" meaning that they replace teeth continuously through out their lives. All the teeth aren't replaced at once, but in waves so that the animals always have functional teeth around those that are lost. Most mammals are "diphyodonts", which means that they have only 2 sets of teeth: baby teeth and adult teeth. The teeth of herbivore mammals, those which eat grasses, seem to grow throughout their lives. But really, the teeth are very long and extend far down into the jaws. They gradually move up in the jaw toward the surface over time, with the area beneath them filling in with bone.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Economic Growth Policies & Economic Growth Theory Influences.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The aim of this thesis is to describe the presence of theories for economic growth in municipalities’ economic growth strategies, and to compare the… (more)

Hallden, Sophie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

No Slide Title  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuels Outlook Fuels Outlook Guy Caruso Administrator Energy Information Administration EIA 2008 Energy Conference 30 Years of Energy Information and Analysis April 8, 2008 Washington, DC EIA, Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2008 1) Rising world oil consumption 2) Low global surplus oil production capacity 3) Insufficient non-OPEC oil supply growth relative to demand 4) Supply concerns in international oil markets Together these factors contribute to high prices for petroleum products. Key Factors Driving the Short-Term Forecast EIA, Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2008 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Million barrels per day -0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 Change from prior year (million barrels per day) China US Other Total Consumption Annual Growth Forecast World Oil Consumption Is Projected to

83

Eyeball Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eyeball Growth Eyeball Growth Name: Jade Hawk Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Okay, I know I'm supposed to be able to answer questions here, but a friend who teaches grades 7 & 8 general science wants to know if the human eyeball is fully grown at birth. I checked my references, which are rather limited when it comes to human physiology, and found nothing. Can anyone help? Replies: The eye will still develop in size, pigmentation, and neurologically but I don't have the details here at hand. A kitten is born with eyes even more immature than human babies. Besides having sealed eyes that take about a week to open, they have retinas that a avascularized and need to undergo neovascularization to properly nourish and oxygenate the tissue. We have used the kitten to study retinopathy of prematurity, a condition caused in part by increased inspired oxygen. The kitten is also used in the study of diabetic retinopathy which a I think is the leading cause of blindness in the US. Look up publications by Dale Phelps, MD.

84

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 Table 11.1b World Crude Oil Production: Persian Gulf Nations, Non-OPEC, and World (Thousand Barrels per Day) Persian Gulf Nations b Selected Non-OPEC a Producers Total Non- OPEC a World Canada China Egypt Mexico Norway Former U.S.S.R. Russia United Kingdom United States 1973 Average .................... 20,668 1,798 1,090 165 465 32 8,324 NA 2 9,208 26,018 55,679 1975 Average .................... 18,934 1,430 1,490 235 705 189 9,523 NA 12 8,375 27,039 52,828 1980 Average .................... 17,961 1,435 2,114 595 1,936 486 11,706 NA 1,622 8,597 34,175 59,558 1985 Average .................... 9,630 1,471 2,505 887 2,745 773 11,585 NA 2,530 8,971 38,598 53,965 1990 Average .................... 15,278 1,553 2,774 873 2,553 1,630 10,975 NA 1,820 7,355 37,999 60,497 1995 Average ....................

85

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

86

Florida Growth Fund (Florida)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Florida Growth Fund can provide investments in technology and growth-related companies through co-investments with other institutional investors. The Fund awards preference to companies...

87

China urges rapid growth  

SciTech Connect

This time last year China's paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, launched the country on another bout of fast-paced economic growth and restructuring. After three years of riding out political and economic clampdown, foreign chemical companies were jerked awake by major changes in China's chemical industry. As the state becomes less involved with managing the economy, unleashing 12% gross national product growth, closer involvement with domestic factories has become attractive and essential. MCI officials say government funds will now be channeled toward clearing energy and transport bottlenecks, and chemical enterprises will be given more chance to turn a profit. They will be allowed to issue shares, seek foreign investment partners themselves, and bypass trading companies like China National Import-Export Corp. (Sinochem), the former state monopoly. Foreign analysts question whether China's finances and oil resources can support expansion. Even if they can, Cai estimates that ethylene imports will remain around the present level of 1 million tons. To further guarantee chemical supplies, China has invested in urea and polypropylene plants in the US and polystyrene plant in Hong Kong.

Hendry, S.

1993-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

88

Resource Constraints in Petroleum Production Potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the assumption of 2% consumption growth and the low scenario, OPEC would achieve 50% ofworld production in 1998. OPEC's highest crude oil production was 32 mmbbl per day in 1973 and 1979. About 10% ofthe liquid petroleum produced outside...

C. D. MASTERS; D. H. ROOT; E. D. ATTANASI

1991-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

89

Metals Production Requirements for Rapid Photovoltaics Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If global photovoltaics (PV) deployment grows rapidly, the required input materials need to be supplied at an increasing rate. In this paper, we quantify the effect of PV deployment levels on the scale of metals production. For example, we find that if cadmium telluride {copper indium gallium diselenide} PV accounts for more than 3% {10%} of electricity generation by 2030, the required growth rates for the production of indium and tellurium would exceed historically-observed production growth rates for a large set of metals. In contrast, even if crystalline silicon PV supplies all electricity in 2030, the required silicon production growth rate would fall within the historical range. More generally, this paper highlights possible constraints to the rate of scaling up metals production for some PV technologies, and outlines an approach to assessing projected metals growth requirements against an ensemble of past growth rates from across the metals production sector. The framework developed in this paper may be...

Kavlak, Goksin; Jaffe, Robert L; Trancik, Jessika E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

in Engineering Sustainable Product Creation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) education in the domain of sustainable product creation; · Enabling students to understand the impact education which covers both the mechanical engineering and mechatronic aspects of sustainable product. Focus on energy, environment and sustainbale growth The Master of Science in Engineering aims to educate

van der Torre, Leon

91

Correlation between leukotoxin production of Pasteurella haemolytica and bacterial culture conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the in vitro growth characteristics of Pasteurella haemolytica was undertaken to determine the effect of media composition and available oxygen on bacterial growth. The rate and total growth, and the production of the exotoxin, leukotoxin...

Fann, Hsing Fu

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Increased expression of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor gene, IGF1R, in Wilms tumor is correlated with modulation of IGF1R promoter activity by the WT1 Wilms tumor gene product  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...expression of the Wilms tumor suppressor gene WTI, whose inactivation appears to be a key step...constructs driving luciferase reporter genes and with WTI expression vectors showed that the active WTI gene product represses IGF-IR promoter activity...

H Werner; G G Re; I A Drummond; V P Sukhatme; F J Rauscher; 3rd; D A Sens; A J Garvin; D LeRoith; C T Roberts; Jr

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth January 8, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis...

94

West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History All Countries 40,216 40,703 46,595 47,285 42,741 43,793 1981-2013 Persian Gulf 14,230 13,361 14,442 14,250 16,435 14,465 1993-2013 OPEC* 22,029 19,569 22,946 25,238 25,775 23,528 1993-2013 Algeria 344 744 1,559 1995-2013 Angola 1,885 1,648 3,742 2,790 2,098 2,497 1995-2013 Ecuador 4,439 4,264 3,739 8,092 5,312 6,177 1993-2013 Iraq 2,870 2,210 5,918 5,585 4,514 4,960 1995-2013 Kuwait 1,297 686 314 1,034 295 1995-2013 Libya 149 106 12 382 2005-2013 Nigeria 296 293 7 1995-2013 Qatar 1995-2004 Saudi Arabia 10,063 10,465 8,210 8,665 10,887 9,210 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1995-2011 Venezuela 982 279 66 1993-2013 Non OPEC*

95

The Production Tax Credit is Key to a Strong U.S. Wind Industry  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

New report finds the production tax credit has been critical to the growth of the U.S. wind industry.

96

EIA - Forecasts and Analysis of Energy Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Markets Oil Markets IEO2005 projects that world crude oil prices in real 2003 dollars will decline from their current level by 2010, then rise gradually through 2025. In the International Energy Outlook 2005 (IEO2005) reference case, world demand for crude oil grows from 78 million barrels per day in 2002 to 103 million barrels per day in 2015 and to just over 119 million barrels per day in 2025. Much of the growth in oil consumption is projected for the emerging Asian nations, where strong economic growth results in a robust increase in oil demand. Emerging Asia (including China and India) accounts for 45 percent of the total world increase in oil use over the forecast period in the IEO2005 reference case. The projected increase in world oil demand would require an increment to world production capability of more than 42 million barrels per day relative to the 2002 crude oil production capacity of 80.0 million barrels per day. Producers in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) are expected to be the major source of production increases. In addition, non-OPEC supply is expected to remain highly competitive, with major increments to supply coming from offshore resources, especially in the Caspian Basin, Latin America, and deepwater West Africa. The estimates of incremental production are based on current proved reserves and a country-by-country assessment of ultimately recoverable petroleum. In the IEO2005 oil price cases, the substantial investment capital required to produce the incremental volumes is assumed to exist, and the investors are expected to receive at least a 10-percent return on investment.

97

Mitochondrial DNA Variants Mediate Energy Production and Expression Levels for CFH, C3 and EFEMP1 Genes: Implications for Age-Related Macular Degeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DNA Variants Mediate Energy Production and Expression Levelsmediate not only energy production and cell growth, but alsoDNA Variants Mediate Energy Production and Expression Levels

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

The impacts of biofuels production in rural Kansas: local perceptions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation examines the discourse of biofuels development in Kansas as promoted by rural growth machines. Corn-based ethanol production capacity and use in the United… (more)

Iaroi, Albert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Oil, economic growth and strategic petroleum stocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An examination of over 40 years of data reveals that oil price shocks are invariably followed by 2–3 years of weak economic growth and weak economic growth is almost always preceded by an oil price shock. This paper reviews why the price-inelastic demand and supply of oil cause oil price shocks and why oil price shocks reduce economic growth through dislocations of labor and capital. This paper also reviews the current state of oil-supply security noting that previous episodes of supply instability appear to have become chronic conditions. While new unconventional oil production technologies have revitalized North American oil production, there are significant barriers to a world-wide uptake of these technologies. Strategic petroleum stocks could provide a large measure of protection to the world economy during an oil supply disruption if they are used promptly and in sufficient volume to prevent large oil-price spikes. Despite the large volume of world-wide emergency reserves, their effectiveness in protecting world economies is not assured. Strategic oil stocks have not been used in sufficient quantity or soon enough to avoid the economic downturns that followed past oil supply outages. In addition, the growth of U.S. oil production has reduced the ability of the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve to protect the economy following a future oil supply disruption. The policy implications of these findings are discussed.

Carmine Difiglio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Monitoring hydraulic fracture growth: Laboratory experiments  

SciTech Connect

The authors carry out small-scale hydraulic fracture experiments to investigate the physics of hydraulic fracturing. The laboratory experiments are combined with time-lapse ultrasonic measurements with active sources using both compressional and shear-wave transducers. For the time-lapse measurements they focus on ultrasonic measurement changes during fracture growth. As a consequence they can detect the hydraulic fracture and characterize its shape and geometry during growth. Hence, this paper deals with fracture characterization using time-lapse acoustic data. Hydraulic fracturing is used in the oil and gas industry to stimulate reservoir production.

Groenenboom, J.; Dam, D.B. van

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

North Sea reserve appreciation, production, and depletion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil field "growth" has become a well-recognized phenomenon in mature, well-explored provinces such as the United States leading to the continual under-estimation in oil production forecasts. This working paper explores the ...

Sem, Tone

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Independent Statistics & Analysis Drilling Productivity Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Independent Statistics & Analysis Independent Statistics & Analysis Drilling Productivity Report The six regions analyzed in this report accounted for nearly 90% of domestic oil production growth and virtually all domestic natural gas production growth during 2011-12. December 2013 For key tight oil and shale gas regions U.S. Energy Information Administration Contents Year-over-year summary 2 Bakken 3 Eagle Ford 4 Haynesville 5 Marcellus 6 Niobrara 7 Permian 8 Explanatory notes 9 Sources 10 Bakken Marcellus Niobrara Haynesville Eagle Ford Permian U. S. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report 0 400 800 1,200 1,600 2,000 Bakken Eagle Ford Haynesville

103

Four products from Escherichia coli pseudogenes increase hydrogen production q  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Article history: Received 26 August 2013 Available online 8 September 2013 Keywords: Biohydrogen hydrogen deficiency in minimal media which suggested that the role of YlcE is associated with cell growth, and production of hydrogen as a renewable fuel is important as a means to address the problems associated

Wood, Thomas K.

104

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries. Cuong Le Van, Manh-Hung Nguyen country with three sectors in economy: con- sumption goods, new technology, and education. Productivity of the con- sumption goods sector depends on new technology and skilled labor used for production of the new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

105

Regression and Time Series Analysis of the World Oil Peak of Production: Another Look  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes world oil production data as a population/resource growth model. Both US and world oil production data are analyzed in terms of ... , is not a suitable model for world oil production. A flexib...

Peter Caithamer

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

RMOTC - Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Production Production RMOTC Pumpjack in action During the process of the sale of NPR-3, RMOTC will focus on maximizing the value of the NPR-3 site and will continue with its Production Optimization Projects. NPR-3 includes 9,481 acres with more than 400 oil-producing wells. Current oil production is at approximately 240 barrels of oil per day. In July 2013, RMOTC began working on a number of Production Optimization Projects within the NPR-3 field, with the goal to optimize and improve flow and efficiency. Production Optimization Projects include repairing and replacing existing infrastructure with new infrastructure in order to optimize current wells and bring additional wells online. These Production Optimization Projects will continue throughout 2013 and are focused on improving current production and creating revenue for the America tax payer.

107

PRODUCTS & MATERIALS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1995-96 Spectrum Chemical and Safety Prod-ucts Catalog features products for molecular and life science laboratories and cleanroom environments. Spectrum Chemical Manu-facturing. Circle 150. SCIENCE * VOL. 268 * 23 JUNE 1995

1995-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

108

Global Takeoff of New Products Role of Economics, Culture, & Country Innovativeness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Solution: use growth rate & penetration ­ Using Heuristic: 1st year growth > 50% when penetration > 1 in the product life cycle ­ First major turning point in curve ­ First large increase in growth rate · Time;Measuring Takeoff · Problem: ­ Growth rates high when base sales low ­ Need standard across countries

Brock, David

109

Agricultural R&D, technology and productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...domestic product (GDP) rose from 56 per cent in 1980 to 65...population growth and per capita food availability would...agriculture is to meet world demand for both food and energy. This competition...former Soviet Union GDP gross domestic product...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

ARM - Measurement - Hygroscopic growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hygroscopic growth The rate that aerosol particles grow at relative humidity values less than 100 percent. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System SMPS : Scanning mobility particle sizer TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

111

Pollution adn Plant Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution adn Plant Growth Pollution adn Plant Growth Name: Virdina Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are the effcts off water polltuion on plant growth? Are there any good websites where I can find current or on going research being done by other scientist? Replies: Dear Virdina, Possibly helpful: http://www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/manage/poll/e_poll.htm http://www.epa.vic.gov.au/wq/info/wq987.htm Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach This is a very complicated question, there are so many different types of water pollution and different species of plants react very differently. Good places to start are the U.S. environmental protection agency, the office of water is at: http://www.epa.gov/ow/ and there is a link to a kid's page from there: http://www.epa.gov/OST/KidsStuff/ You might also try state EPA's, Illinois is at:

112

Plant Tumor Growth Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Tumor Growth Rates Plant Tumor Growth Rates Name: Gina and Maria Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are doing a science fair project on if B. Carotene, Green tea, and Grape Seed Extract helps plants against the crown gall disease. We injected sunflowers with agrobacterium tum. one week ago (Sun. Feb. 27, 2000). Our questions is how long will it take for the tumors to grow? We scratched the surface of the stems and injected the agrobacterium in the wound. Also which do you think, in your opinion, will do the best, if any? Our science fair is April 13, do you think we'll have growth before then, atleast enough time to do our conclusion and results? Thank you, any information you forward will be very helpful. Replies: Sunflowers form galls relatively quickly. I usually get them in two weeks at least. Good luck.

113

Research District Seeing Growth  

SciTech Connect

Monthly economic diversity column for the Tri-City Herald (May 2012) - excerpt follows: It’s been a while since I’ve updated you on the Tri-Cities Research District, most certainly not for lack of new activity over the past several months. In fact, much has happened, and there’s more to come. I think many of us see new land development and construction as indicative of current or impending economic growth. So those of you who have ventured into North Richland either via Stevens Drive or George Washington Way lately have probably begun sensing and anticipating that such growth is afoot.

Madison, Alison L.

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

114

Growth & Development / Parental Care  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

participate; if one parents is lost, fledging rates usually drop #12;Winkler reduced clutch size from 5 to 3Growth & Development / Parental Care #12;Embryonic Development Although the sequence of 42 stages the egg The hatching muscle helps the chick break out of the egg Parents typically dispose of the egg

Butler, Christopher J.

115

TRANSFORMED DSM TARGETS GROWTH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TRANSFORMED DSM TARGETS GROWTH ... DSM CHIEF Executive Officer Feike Sijbesma refers to Charles Darwin when talking about his company’s transformation. ... In the past 10 years, DSM has transformed itself, shifting its portfolio from petrochemicals and specialties to life sciences and materials. ...

PAIGE MARIE MORSE

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

116

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Production from

117

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Coal Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Production Coal Production Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Coal Production Figure 93. Coal production by region, 1970-2030 (quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 94. U.S. coal production, 2006, 2015, and 2030 (quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Western Coal Production Continues To Increase Through 2030 In the AEO2008 reference case, increasing coal use for electricity generation at existing plants and construction of a few new coal-fired plants lead to annual production increases that average 0.3 percent per year from 2006 to 2015, when total production is 24.5 quadrillion Btu. In the absence of restrictions on CO2 emissions, the growth in coal production

118

PRODUCTS & MATERIALS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Phar-macia Biotech. Circle 141. Cell Culture Production The CellCube offers the fastest, most com-pact system available for high-volume...culture production, according to the manu-facturer. The CellCube not only saves up to four times the space of roller bottles...

1995-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

119

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

120

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Entropy Law and the impossibility of perpetual economic growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Every production-recycling iteration accumulates an inevitable proportion of its matter-energy in the environment, lest the production process itself would be a system in perpetual motion, violating the second law of Thermodynamics. Such high-entropy matter depletes finite stocks of ecosystem services provided by the ecosphere, hence are incompatible with the long-term growth in the material scale of the economic process. Moreover, the complex natural systems governing such stocks respond to depletion by possibly sudden environmental transitions, thus hindering markets' very ability to adapt to the new equilibrium conditions. Consequently, uncertainty of critical resilience thresholds constrains material economic growth.

Earp, Henrique N Sá

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. International . International Petroleum Figure 11.1a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,

123

Sources of productivity growth in the American coal industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper develops new techniques to assess the expanse of the geographic market under varying supply and demand conditions and applies these techniques to the current wholesale electricity market in the western United ...

Ellerman, Thomas M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Imports, Productivity Growth, and Supply Chain Learning Garrick Blalock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of international technology transfer adds a critical third component, along with exports and FDI, to the argument technology transfer. Using a detailed panel of Indonesian manufacturers, our analysis shows that firms-driven technology transfer occurs. To our knowledge, these are the first firm-level results showing that downstream

Veloso, Francisco

125

Fungal production of volatiles during growth on fiberglass.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to 25 C. Colonized fiberglass insulations (10 to * Corresponding author...and from colonized fiberglass insulation materialsa VOCs produced on...associated with urea-formaldehyde foam insulation in Canada. Mycopathologia 99...

I M Ezeonu; D L Price; R B Simmons; S A Crow; D G Ahearn

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

GESSNER, MARK O., AND ERIC CHAUVET. Growth and production ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For one species, Articulospora tetracladia, a conversion factor of 5.5 mg mycelial dry ... In streams, one of the major energy sources for overall metabolism is ...

127

Pine Tree Growth Locations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Growth Locations Pine Tree Growth Locations Name: Amielee Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do pine trees not grow south of the equator? Replies: Dear Amielee, The natural distribution of the pines is the northern hemisphere: http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/eukaryotes/green_plants/embryophytes/conif ers/pinaceae/pinus/pinus.html However, pines have become introduced into the southern hemisphere through cultivation: http://www.woodweb.com/~treetalk/Radiata_Pine/wowhome.html Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Hi Amielee Some pine trees do live south of the equator but we (I live in Australia) do not have the huge forests of native conifers that you have in the northern hemisphere. Even in the northern hemisphere conifers are only found in two forest types: 1. Tiaga

128

Web Growth of Semiconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel process for growth of diamond?lattice semiconductors is described and a model is proposed for the growth mechanism. For germanium the process yields extended thin flat sheets typically 1 cm wide and 0.1 mm thick of good crystalline quality and relatively flat {111} surfaces. The sheet or web freezes from a liquid film drawn up by surface tension between two coplanar dendrites which originate from a single seed and are grown from the melt simultaneously with the sheet. Resistivity throughout the sheet is quite uniform. Etching of germanium webs shows them to be essentially dislocation?free and does not reveal any microsegregation of impurities. Silicon and indium antimonide have also been grown in this manner.

S. O'Hara; A. I. Bennett

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 4,100 4,400 4,700 5,000 5,300 5,600 5,900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: 2.5% Aug '12 to Aug '13: -1.3% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.5% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: -0.8%

130

Fostering Growth | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Fostering Growth Fostering Growth The solar energy industry in the United States is growing rapidly as the price of solar panels has decreased over the past decade. U.S. solar...

131

Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjusted Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -7.4% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.1% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -16.8% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -3.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -3.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -9.3% Jan '99 to Jan '00: +3.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

132

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June '99 to July '99: -5.4% June '99 to July '99: -5.4% July '98 to July '99: +3.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.3% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: -0.5% July '98 to July '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +0.5% July '98 to July '99: +1.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.3% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +1.5% July '98 to July '99: +10.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +7.2%

133

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +8.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.0% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +6.0% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +4.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +2.4% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +3.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +32.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +2.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.5%

134

The Growth of Fishes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Growth of Fishes Growth of Fishes Nature Bulletin No. 272-A June 3, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F, Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE GROWTH OF FISHES Baby fish, by the millions, are hatching now every day in our lakes, streams and ponds. Some kinds come from eggs sown broadcast among water plants; others from eggs laid in clusters or nests; some from masses of eggs hidden in underwater holes; while the eggs of many little fish, such as minnows and darters, are attached in neat patches to the underside of rocks or sunken logs. For some time before hatching, the young fish can be seen wriggling inside the eggs. Newly hatched baby fish -- or fry, as they should be called -- look much alike, regardless of the size or appearance of their parents. Each is almost transparent except for the large dark eyes and a bulging stomach which encloses yolk from the egg. Under a magnifying glass, the pumping red heart can be seen and the mouth gulping water. The tiny fins are beginning to form, a few dots of dark pigment may show in the skin, but there is little or no sign of scales. They vary from an eighth to a half inch or more in length, depending upon the species and the size of the egg.

135

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +1.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -1.9% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -0.1% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -1.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: +22.3% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +21.1%

136

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.4% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.1% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.6% YTD '98 to YTD '99: 0.0% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: +7.3% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +8.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +8.3%

137

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +5.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.5% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: -0.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +1.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +2.5% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +6.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +9.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +2.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.2%

138

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: +2.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.4% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -0.2% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.9% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -1.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -2.1% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -6.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.6%

139

New Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...security of unmatched sample traceability. Manufactured from high-quality polypropylene in a fully automated class-7 cleanroom environment ensures the laser-etched alphanumeric tubes exhibit absolute product consistency, near-zero contaminants...

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

140

New Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...bind cells and biomolecules through passive hydrophobic interactions. Molded from ultrapure polystyrene in a class 100,000 cleanroom production environment, the untreated culture plates are supplied with lids in individual sterile packs. The plates include...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Production Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is obvious that we must bring a number of things into our controlled environment besides clean conditioned air, equipment, and ultrapure water. If we are to do any production work, or research involving the pr...

M. Kozicki; S. Hoenig; P. Robinson

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

New Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Finally, as a personal pipetting system, Liquidator 96 fits any benchtop or laminar-flow cabinet making it suitable for cleanroom conditions. Mettler Toledo For info: 800-472-4646 www.mt.com/liquidator Electronically submit your new product...

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

143

Forest Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Purchased energy remains the third largest manufacturing cost for the forest products industry–despite its extensive use of highly efficient co-generation technology. The industry has worked with...

144

NEW PRODUCTS:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......also be used with other heating elements and probes...content of diesel and heating oils. A highly specific titration...requirements for fuel oil products are consistently...de- scriptions, and prices are included for columns......

New Products

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

New Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the area scanned. When the earth's thermal gradient appears, the vibrating mirror...Write for a Product Data Sheet giving specifications, typical drying perform-ance, and...pebble-bed heaters and electrical insulation at elevated temperatures. (Minneapolis-Honeywell...

Joshua Stern

1961-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

146

Hydrogen Production  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This 2-page fact sheet provides a brief introduction to hydrogen production technologies. Intended for a non-technical audience, it explains how different resources and processes can be used to produ

147

Indexes of Consumption and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Figure on manufacturing production indexes and purchased energy consumption Figure on manufacturing production indexes and purchased energy consumption Source: Energy Information Administration and Federal Reserve Board. History of Shipments This chart presents indices of 14 years (1980-1994) of historical data of manufacturing production indexes and Purchased (Offsite-Produced) Energy consumption, using 1992 as the base year (1992 = 100). Indexing both energy consumption and production best illustrates the trends in output and consumption. Taken separately, these two indices track the relative growth rates within the specified industry. Taken together, they reveal trends in energy efficiency. For example, a steady increase in output, coupled with a decline in energy consumption, represents energy efficiency gains. Likewise, steadily rising energy consumption with a corresponding decline in output illustrates energy efficiency losses.

148

Effect of Humic Substance Photodegradation on Bacterial Growth and Respiration in Lake Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...different dissolved organic matter sources...artificial solar UV radiation...bacterial carbon production (BCP) and...of dissolved organic matter (DOM...production on a per cell basis. In...marine dissolved organic matter. Academic...Consequences of solar radiation on...bacterial secondary production and growth...

Alexandre M. Anesio; Wilhelm Granéli; George R. Aiken; David J. Kieber; Kenneth Mopper

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size Distribution and Growth Rate. Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size...

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural biotechnology products Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Elisabeth Sadoulet1 Summary: . Similarly new biotechnologies, as well as emerging new markets for agriculture such as the production... as a growth process of relocating...

151

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom...

152

EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 December 5, 2012 - 3:43pm Addthis EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Crude oil, natural gas and renewable energy production are expected to grow rapidly. Net energy imports are expected to decline, as production grows faster than consumption. Editor's Note: This article was originally posted as part of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Today in Energy series. EIA has just issued its Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) Reference case, which highlights a growth in total U.S. energy production that

153

Extractive Economies, Growth, and the Poor Graham A. Davis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, poverty, or per capita gross domestic product (GDP) relative to the level of that same indicator in a group of peer economies; and their growth in human devel- opment, poverty, or per capita GDP relative development. Some stud- ies find that mineral- and energy-intensive economies have higher levels of develop

154

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Name: Jack Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Do plants have any other way of growing besides photosythesis? Plants do not use photosynthesis to grow!!! They use cellular respiration just like every other organism to process energy into work. Plants use oxygen just like we do. Photosynthesis is principally only a process to change sunlight into a chemical form for storage. Replies: Check out our archives for more information. www.newton.dep.anl.gov/archive.htm Steve Sample Jack, Several kinds of flowering plants survive without the use of chlorophyll which is what makes plants green and able to produce sugar through photosynthesis. Dodder is a parasitic nongreen (without chlorophyll) plant that is commonly found growing on jewelweed and other plants in damp areas. Dodder twines around its host, (A host is an organism that has fallen victim to a parasite.), like a morning glory and attaches itself at certain points along the stem where it absorbs sugar and nutrients from the hosts sap.

155

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way When applied to plants, Take-Off(tm) speeds crop emergence, increases growth rates and yields, improves stress tolerance and nutrient value, and reduces need for nitrogen fertilizers. April 3, 2012 Farmer in wheat field inspecting wheat Biagro Western offers Take-Off(tm), a metabolic plant stimulant that will allow farmers to increase crop carbon fixation and thereby increase nitrate uptake and nitrogen use efficiency. The new product speeds plants to maturity, allowing the plants to more efficiently assimilate nitrogen by coordinating the nitrogen uptake and photosynthesis processes. Field tests show that Take-Off(tm) reduced nitrogen inputs by 25 to 35 percent.

156

Supplementary Information Growth Characterisation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a Labnet Accublock digital dry bath for 15 min. The lysate was then centrifuged at 13,300 Ã? g for 15mins extraction kit. The PCR product was ligated into pGEM-T Easy (Promega Corp., USA), and transformed into E). Phylogenetic trees were constructed using representative sequences from selected OTUs, aligned with type

Burke, Ian

157

Limits to Power Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...such as Fisher (1973). Because 1...1985 (Fellowes, 1973). Some points...are that (1) production of 2 million barrels per day (2 mbpd) of Alaskan...will not erase the 1973 U.S. oil deficit...Exporting Countries (OPEC) have the developed...

158

New Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...syrris.com Crimping Tool The La-Pha-Pack stainless steel cleanroom crimping tools are designed for a controlled, low-effort...product range is ideal for highly sensitive chromatography cleanroom applications where it is essential that the environment remains...

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

159

New Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...qiagen.com Crimping Tool The La-Pha-Pack stainless steel cleanroom crimping tools are designed for a controlled, low-effort...product range is ideal for highly sensitive chromatography cleanroom applications where it is essential that the environment remains...

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

160

New Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...three regulated d-c power supplies, a digital...Product Data Sheet giving specifications, typical drying perform-ance...than 4 lb. Nominal power consumption is less...heaters and electrical insulation at elevated temperatures...and 0.01 xsec. Power source is a 5-Mw...

Joshua Stern

1961-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Argentina: export-biased growth versus import-biased growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARGENTINA. : EXPORT-BIASED GROWTH VERSUS IMPORT-BIASED GROWTH A Thesis by MICHAEL PAGE BRADLEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1972... Major Subject: Economics ARGENTINA: EXPORT-BIASED GROWTH VERSUS IMPORT-BIASED GROWTH A Thesis by MICHAEL PAGE BRADLEY Approved as to style and content by: rman o omit ee ea o Depar men em er Mem er May 1&72 ABSTRACT Argentina: Export...

Bradley, Michael Page

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

On the interaction between public and private capital in economic growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces two forms of interaction between private and public capital in an endogenous growth model in which productive government expenditure takes the form of a stock-variable and public capital is ...

Alberto Bucci; Chiara Del Bo

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Biomass Production, Structural Deformation, Self-Thinning and Thinning Mechanisms in Monocultures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

29 July 1991 research-article Biomass Production, Structural Deformation...Consideration is given to the production of biomass in three of the possible growth phases...with uniformly augmented and diminished biomass, and the boundaries separating and distinguishing...

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production and supply to keep pace with the growth in world energy.production scenarios, Energy Policy, 2009, 37, 10, p4003-4010 8 International Energy Agency (IEA), Key World

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

International Data Exchange for Geothermal Energy Power Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the past five years great strides have been made in the development of geothermal energy resources for electrical power production. However, ... seen an enormous growth in publications dealing with geothermal

Sidney L. Phillips

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Ethanol production by recombinant hosts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Novel plasmids comprising genes which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase are described. Also described are recombinant hosts which have been transformed with genes coding for alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate. By virtue of their transformation with these genes, the recombinant hosts are capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product. Also disclosed are methods for increasing the growth of recombinant hosts and methods for reducing the accumulation of undesirable metabolic products in the growth medium of these hosts. Also disclosed are recombinant host capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product of oligosaccharides and plasmids comprising genes encoding polysaccharases, in addition to the genes described above which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase. Further, methods are described for producing ethanol from oligomeric feedstock using the recombinant hosts described above. Also provided is a method for enhancing the production of functional proteins in a recombinant host comprising overexpressing an adhB gene in the host. Further provided are process designs for fermenting oligosaccharide-containing biomass to ethanol.

Fowler, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Horton, Philip G. (Gainesville, FL); Ben-Bassat, Arie (Gainesville, FL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

A High Through-put Combinatorial Growth Technique for Semiconductor Thin Film Search  

SciTech Connect

Conventional semiconductor material growth technique is costly and time-consuming. Here we developed a new method to growth semiconductor thin films using high through-put combinatorial technique. In this way, we have successfully fabricated tens of semiconductor libraries with high crystallinity and high product of {mu}{tau} for the purpose of radiation detection.

Ma, Z. X.; Hao, H. Y.; Xiao, P.; Oehlerking, L. J.; Liu, D. F.; Zhang, X. J.; Yu, K.-M.; Walukiewicz, W.; Mao, S. S. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Yu, P. Y. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

168

Growth model for carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evidence is presented, through high-resolution electron microscopy images, for the open-end growth of carbon nanotubes. Terminations of incomplete layers of carbon, seen on the tube surfaces and cone tips, suggest that the extension and thickening of the tubes occur by the island growth of graphite basal planes on existing tube surfaces. The nucleation of positive (pentagons) and negative (heptagons) disclinations on open tube ends results in changes of growth directions, producing different morphologies. A novel structure that shows complete ‘‘turn around growth,’’ involving pentagon-heptagon pairs, of the tubular assemblies is presented.

Sumio Iijima; P. M. Ajayan; T. Ichihashi

1992-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

169

Robust Growth-Optimal Portfolios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 24, 2014 ... Adopting standard terminology, we refer to the portfolio managed under the Kelly strategy as the growth-optimal portfolio. This portfolio displays ...

2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

170

Military Expenditure, Threats, and Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a country's external military threat; lgdp is the log ofMilitary Expenditure, Threats, and Growth * September 2003expenditure, external threats, corruption, and other

Aizenman, Joshua; Glick, Reuven

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

State Support of Domestic Production  

SciTech Connect

This project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the State Support of Domestic Production DE-FC26-04NT15456. The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) performed efforts in support of State programs related to the security, reliability and growth if our nation's domestic production of oil and natural gas. The project objectives were to improve the States ability to monitor the security of oil and gas operations; to maximize the production of domestic oil and natural gas thereby minimizing the threat to national security posed by interruptions in energy imports; to assist States in developing and maintaining high standards of environmental protection; to assist in addressing issues that limit the capacity of the industry; to promote the deployment of the appropriate application of technology for regulatory efficiency; and to inform the public about emerging energy issues.

Amy Wright

2007-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

172

Broiler Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,","efficient broiler production. ,. . , .: I-A +>+ Panels or translucent plastic curtains which close and open easily when weather varies are helpful in providing comfortable temperatures for the birds. A damper is needed so that ridge ventilatm can be dosed... easily during ooM weather. inclement weather. However, poultry housing costs should be kept within a range whereby earnings can justify the investment. Location Orient the house with the long axis run- ning east and west to prevent the early morn...

Cawley, W. O.; Wormeli, B. C.; Quisenberry, J. H.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2013_summer_fuels.pptx  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

S F l O tl k 2013 Summer Fuels Outlook April 9, 2013 www.eia.gov U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis Key factors driving the short-term outlook * World liquid fuels consumption growth driven by emerging economies, with continuing consumption declines in OECD economies, with continuing consumption declines in OECD countries. * Non-OPEC supply growth, particularly in North America, pp y g , p y , expected to keep pace with world liquid fuels consumption growth and contribute to modest declines in world crude oil prices. prices. * Brent crude oil prices fall gradually over the forecast, averaging, from $112 per barrel in 2012 to $108 per barrel in g g, $ p $ p 2013 and $101 per barrel in 2014. The discount for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil relative to other world

174

Product Innovation and Strategy, case Stora Enso  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

existing platform · New products 2. Growth markets, new platforms · Eastern Europe, Russia 3. Bioenergy #12 countries · Market capitalisation EUR 9.5 billion (31 Dec 2006) · Shares listed on Helsinki, Stockholm Stora Enso Timber Global market presence North-Africa & Middle-East USA 60% 5% 10% 25% Asia Europe #12

175

U.S. Forest Products Annual Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, confirmed by the decline in the annual rate of real gross domestic product (GDP) of 5.2%. Economic activity during the second quar- ter of 2009 is projected to decline 1.8%. The U.S. economy will likely contract in the third quarter of 2009 (Federal Reserve Bank, February 13, 2009). Growth in U.S. real output

176

Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Terrones Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes R. Vajtai 1 B. Q. Wei 2 P. M. Ajayan...Rouge, LA 70803-5901, USA Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical and electronic...state-of-the-art account of tailored nanotube growth. To provide these properties...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

CALIFORNIA SMART GROWTH ENERGY SAVINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(particularly autos) comprises a large share of total energy consumption, its reduction through more compact in transportation energy consumption resulting from Smart Growth planning. Since energy consumed by transportationCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA SMART GROWTH ENERGY SAVINGS MPO SURVEY FINDINGS SEPTEMBER

178

STEO January 2013 - oil production increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

oil production to increase in 2013 and 2014 oil production to increase in 2013 and 2014 U.S. crude oil production is expected to keep rising over the next two years. America's oil output will jump nearly 900,000 barrels per day in 2013 to an average 7.3 million barrels a day, according to the latest monthly forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This would mark the biggest one-year increase in output since U.S. commercial crude oil production began in 1859. U.S. daily oil production is expected to rise by another 600,000 barrels in 2014 to nearly 8 million barrels a day, the highest level since 1988. Most of America's oil production growth over the next two years will come from more drilling activity in tight shale rock formations located in North Dakota and Texas

179

STEO September 2012 - natural gas production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

natural gas production at record high, inventories most natural gas production at record high, inventories most ever at start of heating season on Nov. 1 U.S. marketed natural gas production is expected to rise by 2.6 billion cubic feet per day this year to a record 68.9 billion cubic feet per day, said the U.S. Energy Information Administration in its new monthly short-term energy outlook for September. EIA analyst Katherine Teller explains: "This strong growth in production was driven in large part by production in Pennsylvania's Marcellus shale formation where drilling companies are using hydraulic fracturing to free the trapped gas." The increase in production, along with the large natural gas inventories left over from last winter because of warmer temperatures, will push U.S. gas inventories to a record high of nearly

180

Annual World Oil Demand Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Following relatively small increases of 1.3 million barrels per day in 1999 and 0.9 million barrels per day in 2000, EIA is estimating world demand may grow by 1.6 million barrels per day in 2001. Of this increase, about 3/5 comes from non-OECD countries, while U.S. oil demand growth represents more than half of the growth projected in OECD countries. Demand in Asia grew steadily during most of the 1990s, with 1991-1997 average growth per year at just above 0.8 million barrels per day. However, in 1998, demand dropped by 0.3 million barrels per day as a result of the Asian economic crisis that year. Since 1998, annual growth in oil demand has rebounded, but has not yet reached the average growth seen during 1991-1997. In the Former Soviet Union, oil demand plummeted during most of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

International energy indicators  

SciTech Connect

Data are compiled and graphs are presented for Iran: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Saudi Arabia: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, 1973-1980; Oil Stocks: Free World, US, Japan and Europe (landed), 1973-1980; Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, 1973-1980; USSR Crude Oil Production, 1974-1980; Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, 1973-1980; US Imports of Crude Oil and Products, 1973-1980; Landed Cost of Saudi Crude in Current and 1974 Dollars; US Trade in Bituminous Coal, 1973-1980; Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-1980; and Energy/GNP Ratio.

Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Sugar Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sugar Production Sugar Production Name: Lauren Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: This is the experiment I did: our class took 6 sugars, placed them in test tubes and put three drops of yeast in each test tube. we then placed them in the incubator for one day and the next day looked at our results. the purpose was to find out with sugar would produce the most carbon dioxide. two of the sugars that we tested were LACTOSE and STARCH. my question is, why are lactose and starch the only sugars who didn't produce any, or very very little, carbon dioxide? and how is this process related to glycolysis? Replies: Bacteria and yeast are very efficient with their enzyme systems. They don't make enzymes they can't use. Yeast don't have the enzymes necessary to metabolize lactose. Starch is a complex sugar and yeast needs certain enzymes to break starch down into sugar. Every chemical reaction needs its own enzyme.

183

Production Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome Welcome The Production Services site contains links to each of the division's groups with descriptions of their services. Our goal is to update this website frequently to reflect ongoing service upgrades which, by planning and design, are added so that we can continue to meet your needs in a constantly changing work environment. Note: The Graphic Design Studio has been relocated to the second floor in the north wing of the Research Support Building 400. The telephone number remains the same, X7288. If you have any questions, please call supervisor, Rick Backofen, X6183. Photography Photography services are available at no charge to BNL and Guest users. See a list of the complete range of photography services available. Video Video services are available at no charge to BNL and Guest users. See a list of the complete range of video services available.

184

Growth Energetics of Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The growth energetics of carbon nanotubes during arc discharge conditions are investigated. Ab initio molecular dynamics calcualtions show that the electric field alone cannot stabilize the growth of open metallic tubes. The addition of atoms and small clusters to tubes were studied using realistic atomic potentials. Deposition on tubes narrower than Å3 nm leads to nucleation of curved defects (adjacent pentagon pairs) and eventual tube closure, while deposition on wider tubes favors the formation of hexagons and isolated pentagons, thereby promoting open-ended growth.

A. Maiti; C. J. Brabec; C. M. Roland; J. Bernholc

1994-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

Product lines for digital information products.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Digital information products are an important class of widely used digital products, whose core benefit is the delivery of information or education (e.g., electronic books,… (more)

Pankratius, Victor

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Bacterial Growth H. L. Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bacterial Growth H. L. Smith 1 Simple Models Bacteria are the dominant form of life on the planet the concentration of the nutrient in the media (grams/liter) and N(t) de

Smith, Hal

187

Parameterized Beyond-Einstein Growth  

SciTech Connect

A single parameter, the gravitational growth index gamma, succeeds in characterizing the growth of density perturbations in the linear regime separately from the effects of the cosmic expansion. The parameter is restricted to a very narrow range for models of dark energy obeying the laws of general relativity but can take on distinctly different values in models of beyond-Einstein gravity. Motivated by the parameterized post-Newtonian (PPN) formalism for testing gravity, we analytically derive and extend the gravitational growth index, or Minimal Modified Gravity, approach to parameterizing beyond-Einstein cosmology. The analytic formalism demonstrates how to apply the growth index parameter to early dark energy, time-varying gravity, DGP braneworld gravity, and some scalar-tensor gravity.

Linder, Eric; Linder, Eric V.; Cahn, Robert N.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

188

Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund (New Jersey) Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund (New Jersey) Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Program Info Funding Source Public Benefit Fund State New Jersey Program Type Loan Program Provider New Jersey Economic Development Authority The EIGGF offers loans up to $2 million with a performance grant component to support technology companies with Class I renewable energy or energy efficiency products or systems that have achieved "proof of concept" and successful independent beta results, have begun generating commercial revenues, and will receive 1:1 match funding by time of loan closing. Photovoltaic, solar, wind energy, renewably fueled fuel cells, wave, tidal,

189

The nexus between electricity consumption and economic growth in Bahrain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper explores the relationship between electricity consumption, foreign direct investment, capital and economic growth in the case of the Kingdom of Bahrain. The Cobb–Douglas production is used over the period of 1980Q1–2010Q4. We have applied the ARDL bounds testing approach and found that cointegration exists among the series. Electricity consumption, foreign direct investment and capital add in economic growth. The VECM Granger causality analysis has exposed the feedback effect between electricity consumption and economic growth and the same is true for foreign direct investment and electricity consumption. This study suggests government authorities to explore new sources of energy to achieve sustainable economic development for the long run.

Helmi Hamdi; Rashid Sbia; Muhammad Shahbaz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the expansion history dark energy equation of state,and growth history constraints on the dark energy equationand growth history constraints on the dark energy equation

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook August 2002 Overview World Oil Markets: Oil prices remained relatively high in July, averaging close to the expectations reported in the July Outlook. The average spot West Texas Intermediate (WTI) price in July was approximately $27 per barrel. As always, a wide range of possibilities exists for oil price movements over the next year and a half. However, given the amount of growth in world demand expected through 2003, we think that likely scenarios for OPEC and non-OPEC output growth imply continued tightening of markets (lower commercial inventories) and continued support for crude oil prices near or slightly above current levels through mid-2003. The average WTI spot price is expected to edge upward t

192

Improvement of cephalosporin C production by Acremonium chrysogenum M35 in submerged culture with glass beads or silicone rubber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Physical stimulation using a baffle or an impeller has been previously reported to improve cephalosporin C (CPC) production and cell growth. In this study, the effect of glass beads on CPC production in Acremoniu...

Hwan Hyo Lee; Yoon Seok Song; Seung Wook Kim

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Supply/Demand Forecasts Begin to Show Stock Rebuilding  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: During 1999, we saw stock draws during the summer months, when we normally see stock builds, and very large stock draws during the winter of 1999/2000. Normally, crude oil production exceeds product demand in the spring and summer, and stocks build. These stocks are subsequently drawn down during the fourth and first quarters (dark blue areas). When the market is in balance, the stock builds equal the draws. During 2000, stocks have gradually built, but following the large stock draws of 1999, inventories needed to have been built more to get back to normal levels. As we look ahead using EIA's base case assumptions for OPEC production, non-OPEC production, and demand, we expect a more seasonal pattern for the next 3 quarters. But since we are beginning the year with

194

Effects on growth and cost of production of Arizona ash, Indian hawthorn, Southern waxmyrtle, and live oak sequentially produced in combinations of Cu-treated and non-treated 0.24 L., 2.7 L and 10.4 L or 12.7 L containers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have a greater number of marketable plants in 2.7 L containers prior to overwintering when combinations of copper treatments were used. Growth responses in the 12.7 L containers were variable, with beneficial effects from copper-treatment seen for live...

Obst, Steven Paul

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Theory of carbon nanotube growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The kinetics of carbon nanotube growth under arc discharge conditions were investigated over different length and time scales using complementary numerical techniques. Relaxation by ab initio molecular dynamics (Car-Parrinello method) shows that large electric fields present at the tube tips are not the critical factor responsible for the open-ended growth observed experimentally. Classical molecular-dynamics simulations using realistic many-body carbon-carbon potentials show that wide tubes that are initially open can continue to grow straight and maintain an all-hexagonal structure. However, tubes narrower than a critical diameter, estimated to be about ?3 nm, readily nucleate curved, pentagonal structures that lead to tube closure with further addition of atoms. Very narrow tubes can be grown, however, if a small metal particle prevents tube closure. This effect was simulated explicitly by kinetic Monte Carlo methods. Monte Carlo simulations were also used to study nanotube growth over longer time scales. The resulting structures are in agreement with the above growth scenario, and provide an estimate for the lowest tube tip temperature necessary for the growth of nanotubes.

A. Maiti; C. J. Brabec; C. Roland; J. Bernholc

1995-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777 July 18, 2008 Fall Semester 2008 Professor J. H. Mc of economic growth and development. We will analyze several different growth models and look at some recent empirical research. Text The text for this course is: Economic Growth (2nd Edition) by Robert J. Barro

Almor, Amit

197

Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested ecosystem in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California Title Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested ecosystem in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2006 Authors Lunden, Melissa M., Douglas R. Black, Megan McKay, Kenneth L. Revzan, Allen H. Goldstein, and Nancy J. Brown Journal Aerosol Science and Technology Volume 40 Start Page 373 Issue 5 Pagination 373-388 Date Published 02/2006 ISSN 0278-6826 (Print), 1521-7388 (Online) Abstract Atmospheric aerosols from natural and anthropogenic processes have both primary and secondary origins, and can influence human health, visibility, and climate. One key process affecting atmospheric concentrations of aerosols is the formation of new particles and their subsequent growth to larger particle sizes. A field study was conducted at the Blodgett Forest Research Station in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California from May through September of 2002 to examine the effect of biogenic volatile organic compounds on aerosol formation and processing. The study included in-situ measurements of concentration and biosphere-atmosphere flux of VOCs, ozone, aerosol size distribution, aerosol physical and optical properties, and meteorological variables. Fine particle growth events were observed on approximately 30 percent of the 107 days with complete size distribution data. Average particle growth rates measured during these events were 3.8 ± 1.9 nm hr-1. Correlations between aerosol properties, trace gas concentrations, and meteorological measurements were analyzed to determine conditions conducive to fine particle growth events. Growth events were typically observed on days with a lesser degree of anthropogenic influence, as indicated by lower concentrations of black carbon, carbon monoxide, and total aerosol volume. Days with growth events also had lower temperatures, increased wind speeds, and larger momentum flux. Measurements of ozone concentrations and ozone flux indicate that gas phase oxidation of biogenic volatile organic compounds occur in the canopy, strongly suggesting that a significant portion of the material responsible for the observed particle growth are oxidation products of naturally emitted very reactive organic compounds.

198

Nonlinear structural crack growth monitoring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for the detection, through nonlinear manipulation of data, of an indicator of imminent failure due to crack growth in structural elements. The method is a process of determining energy consumption due to crack growth and correlating the energy consumption with physical phenomena indicative of a failure event. The apparatus includes sensors for sensing physical data factors, processors or the like for computing a relationship between the physical data factors and phenomena indicative of the failure event, and apparatus for providing notification of the characteristics and extent of such phenomena.

Welch, Donald E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN); Holdaway, Ray F. (Clinton, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Poverty and income growth: measuring pro-poor growth in the case of Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper attempts to examine the extent to which income growth was beneficial to poverty reduction in Romania between the years 2000 and 2007. We build income growth incidence curves, both in absolute and relative terms, on the basis of mean individual ... Keywords: economic growth, growth incidence curve, income, inequality, poverty, pro-poor growth

Eva Militaru; Cristina Stroe

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Mass Production of Biodiesel From Algae UROP Summer 2008 Project Proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Mass Production of Biodiesel From Algae UROP Summer 2008 Project Proposal Steven A. Biorn Faculty at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities campus. The project involves the mass production of biodiesel and other energy products from algae. The first step in this process is to select species of algae with high growth

Minnesota, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Escherichia coli Strains Engineered for Homofermentative Production of d-Lactic Acid from Glycerol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...platforms to produce fuels and chemicals from this...further confirmed by in-vessel measurements conducted...cell growth, glycerol consumption, and product synthesis...for the production of fuels and chemicals. Appl...for the production of fuels and chemicals. We recently...

Suman Mazumdar; James M. Clomburg; Ramon Gonzalez

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

202

Blue-Green Algae: Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... IT is well known that many species of algae fail to thrive in simple inorganic media and may be cultured with greater ease in ... organic materials such as soil extract1 2. These observations have promoted the suggestion that such algae may have requirements for growth factors, especially since many species are now known to ...

J. S. BUNT

1961-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

203

Graphene Growth and Device Integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

screens, photonic applications, energy generation, and batteries [3], [12], [13]. The first graphene filmsINVITED P A P E R Graphene Growth and Device Integration This paper describes one of the emerging methods for growing grapheneVthe chemical vapor deposition methodVwhich is based on a catalytic reaction

204

Public Capital, Growth and Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and sanitation--increase in enrolment rates (especially for girls, rural areas). 2. Electricity reason: improved access benefits the poor more than proportionally; if inequality is bad for growth (e be internalized. #12;18 Policy Implications #12; 1. Investment spending is a poor proxy for the accumulation

205

Production and characterization of biodiesel from algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The feasibility of biodiesel production from microalgae as third generation biodiesel feedstock was studied in the present investigation. The studies were conducted to evaluate the growth patterns of the algae species i.e. Spirulina, Chlorella and pond water algae. The oil was extracted from the algae biomass and then transesterified. Simultaneous extraction and transesterification were also studied using different solvents. Maximum biodiesel yield was obtained using simultaneous extraction and transesterification using hexane as a solvent. The systematic characterization of algae biomass, algae oil and algae biodiesel was carried out to establish the potential of microalgae for biodiesel production.

Piyushi Nautiyal; K.A. Subramanian; M.G. Dastidar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Covered Product Category: Cool Roof Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including cool roof products, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

207

Short- and long-run relationships between natural gas consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the dynamic relationship between natural gas consumption and economic growth in Pakistan using a multivariate model by including capital and labor as control variables for the period between 1972QI and 2011QIV. The results of the ARDL bound testing indicate the presence of cointegration relationships among the variables. The estimated long-run impact of gas consumption on economic growth is greater than other factor inputs suggesting that energy is a critical driver of production and growth in Pakistan. Furthermore, the results of causality test suggest that natural gas consumption and economic growth are complements. Given that natural gas constitutes to the primary source of energy in Pakistan, the implication of this study is that natural gas conservation policies could harm growth and, therefore, requires the policy makers to improve the energy supply efficiency as well as formulate appropriate policies to attract investment and establish public–private partnership initiatives.

Muhammad Shahbaz; Mohamed Arouri; Frédéric Teulon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Projected growth effects of the biotechnology industry in Finland: the fourth pillar of the economy?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study assesses the impact of the Finnish biotechnology industry on economic growth in Finland. The study employs official data from Statistics Finland and new survey data covering 84 Finnish biotechnology companies. An econometric forecast for the economy-wide growth impact of the biotechnology industry in Finland is presented. In the estimation procedure, this study employs the survey data both in forming growth anticipations within a new emerging industry and assessing inter-industrial growth effects. Applied Monte Carlo simulations predict that the contribution of the biotechnology industry to annual GDP growth in 2002â??2006 will be in the range of 0.05â??0.09 percentage points per annum with a probability of 90%. These results imply that it will take decades rather than years for the biotechnology industry to become a fourth pillar of the Finnish economy beside the forest industry, the metal products and machinery industry, and the electronics industry.

Raine Hermans; Martti Kulvik

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Towards closing the nitrogen flow in UK agriculture: An explorative study of integrated food and bioenergy production with increased nitrogen recirculation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nitrogen is an essential growth factor in nature and for food production. It exists in many forms, including reactive nitrogen compounds available for plant uptake,… (more)

Skenhall, Sara Alongi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Aesculap, Inc. Air Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aesculap, Inc. Air Products Air Products Foundation Alaric Compliance Services, LLC Alvin H. Butz & Herger, Inc. Sodexo Campus Services Sodexo Inc. and Affiliates Stupp Bros., Inc. Sugarbush Products, Inc

Napier, Terrence

211

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 January 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 8, 2008 Release Highlights This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) includes forecasts through 2009. Global oil markets will likely remain tight through 2008, then ease moderately in 2009. EIA projects that world oil demand will continue to grow faster than oil supply outside of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in 2008, leaving OPEC and inventories to offset the upward pressure on prices. In 2009, higher non-OPEC production and planned additions to OPEC capacity should relieve some of the tightness in the market. As a result, the level of surplus production capacity is projected to grow from its current

212

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices Prices Crude Oil Oil prices are influenced by a number of factors, including some elements that have mainly short-term impacts. Others, such as expectations about future world demand for petroleum and other liquids and production decisions by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), affect prices over the longer term. Supply and demand in the world oil market are balanced through responses to price movements, and the underlying supply and demand expectations are both numerous and complex. The key determinants of long-term petroleum and other liquids supply and prices can be summarized in four broad categories: the economics of non-OPEC petroleum liquids supply; OPEC investment and production decisions; the economics of other liquids supply; and world demand for

213

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - International Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Energy Module International Energy Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 International Energy Module Figure 2. World Oil Prices in three Cases, 1995-2030 (2006 dollars per barrel). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 3. OPEC Total Liquids Production in the Reference Case, 1995-2030 (million barrels per day). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 4. Non-OPEC Total Liquids Production in the Reference Case, 1995-2030 (million barrels per day). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data The International Energy Module (IEM) performs two tasks in all NEMS runs. First, the module reads exogenously global and U.S.A. petroleum liquids

214

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook - International Energy Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Energy Module International Energy Module Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook International Energy Module Figure 2. World Oil Prices in three Cases, 1970-2025. Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure Data Figure 3. OPEC Oil Production in the Reference Case, 1970-2025. Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure Data Figure 4. Non-OPEC Production in the Reference Case, 1970-2025. Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure Data Table 4. Worldwide Oil Reserves as of January 1, 2002 (Billion Barrels) Printer Friendly Version Region Proved Oil Reserves Western Hemisphere 313.6 Western‘Europe 18.1 Asia-Pacific 38.7

215

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices Prices Crude Oil Oil prices are influenced by several factors, including some that have mainly short-term impacts. Other factors, such as expectations about future world demand for petroleum and other liquids and production decisions by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), can affect prices over the longer term. Supply and demand in the world oil market are balanced through responses to price movements, with considerable complexity in the evolution of underlying supply and demand expectations. For petroleum and other liquids, the key determinants of long-term supply and prices can be summarized in four broad categories: the economics of non-OPEC supply; OPEC investment and production decisions; the economics of other liquids supply; and world demand for petroleum and other liquids.

216

Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1985  

SciTech Connect

Oil industry activity in central and southern Africa appears to have stabilized in the last few years, but some activities (such as field development and exploration acreage acquisition) are still declining. Several countries have advertised open concessions and invited bids. Only in a very few cases have the offers stimulated the interest of oil companies. An exceptional increase in exploration concession acquisition took place in the East Africa rift area. Land seismic acquisition increased mostly in Nigeria, but 1985 marine seismic activity was half the 1984 activity. Exploration drilling was higher than in 1984, but development drilling was considerably lower. Significant discoveries were made in Gabon and Angola. Production increased 8%, with the largest and most significant increase in Angola, followed by Gabon. The production share of non-OPEC versus OPEC countries remained stable at 33%. 33 figures, 6 tables.

Petracca, A.N.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Energy security. Hearing before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session, May 20, 1987  

SciTech Connect

William F. Martin, Deputy Secretary of DOE, was the principal witness at a hearing held to review US energy security in light of the conflict underway in the Persian Gulf and the administration's failure to provide adequate solutions to oil import dependence, which threatens national security. Committee members faulted the President's report and recommendations as an inadequate response. Martin cited progress in diversifying energy supplies away from dependence upon the Persian Gulf by increasing worldwide use of coal and non-OPEC oil use which have dropped OPEC's market share 25 points to 40%. He also noted the increase in oil imports by Europe, Japan, and Third World countries. Points at issue were the differences between spot and contract prices, which have discouraged domestic production, and the dangers associated with concentrating world production in an unstable area.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

from Isotope Production Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cancer-fighting treatment gets boost from Isotope Production Facility April 13, 2012 Isotope Production Facility produces cancer-fighting actinium 2:32 Isotope cancer treatment...

219

Condensed phase conversion and growth of nanorods and other materials instead of from vapor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Compositions, systems and methods are described for condensed phase conversion and growth of nanorods and other materials. A method includes providing a condensed phase matrix material; and activating the condensed phase matrix material to produce a plurality of nanorods by condensed phase conversion and growth from the condensed phase matrix material instead of from vapor. The compositions are very strong. The compositions and methods provide advantages because they allow (1) formation rates of nanostructures necessary for reasonable production rates, and (2) the near net shaped production of component structures.

Geohegan, David B. (Knoxville, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Puretzky, Alex A. (Knoxville, TN); Fan, Xudong (Oak Ridge, TN)

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

220

Demand growth to continue for oil, resume for gas this year in the U.S.  

SciTech Connect

Demand for petroleum products and natural gas in the US will move up again this year, stimulated by economic growth and falling prices. Economic growth, although slower than it was last year, will nevertheless remain strong. Worldwide petroleum supply will rise, suppressing oil prices. Natural gas prices are also expected to fall in response to the decline in oil prices and competitive pressure from other fuels. The paper discusses the economy, total energy consumption, energy sources, oil supply (including imports, stocks, refining, refining margins and prices), oil demand (motor gasoline, jet fuel, distillate fuel, residual fuel oil, and other petroleum products), natural gas demand, and natural gas supply.

Beck, R.J.

1998-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Hydrogen Crack Growth Resistance of Thermal Power Plant Material Collector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The influence of electrolytical hydrogenation on fracture toughness, corrosion crack-growth resistance and fracture micromechanisms of operated 12Cr1MoV steel of thermal power plant superheater collector has been studied. Compact tension specimens were cut from perforated surface of thermal power plant superheater collector dismounted after 178,500 hours of operation. Corrosion crack-growth resistance under tension of previously hydrogenated compact specimens with fatigue cracks was studied. Due to the increased concentration of hydrogen in solution an additional buffer was being created that prevents hydrogen leakage from the specimen through the fracture surface during the experiment. The hydrogenation causes the significant decrease of critical stress intensity factor Kc, during the experiment in 0.1 N NaOH solution as compared with critical stress intensity factor K of non-hydrogenation 12Cr1MoV steel obtained by the 5% secant line method and in comparison with critical stress intensity factor Kc, determined through the J-integral. The areas of ductile crack growth in hydrogenated and non-hydrogenated specimens were found to have similar material fracture micromechanisms with dimples creation of different shape and size. But on the ductile crack growth area in hydrogenated specimens material intergranular fracture mechanisms were found caused by the hydrogen embrittlement which are similar to areas without ridges with the products corrosion traces.

V. Iasnii; P. Maruschak; O. Yasniy; Y. Lapusta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Strategy and Leadership in Growth Companies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High growth medium-size companies are important because they make a disproportionate contribution to economic growth, they are responsible for the creation of new employment, and they play a major role in the ...

B. Taylor; D. Hahn

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Estimating phytoplankton growth rates from compositional data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I build on the deterministic phytoplankton growth model of Sosik et al. by introducing process error, which simulates real variation in population growth and inaccuracies in the structure of the matrix model. Adding a ...

Thomas, Lorraine (Lorraine Marie)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Stress corrosion crack growth in porous sandstones.   

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stress corrosion crack growth occurs when the chemical weakening of strained crack tip bonds facilitates crack propagation. I have examined the effect of chemical processes on the growth of a creack population by carrying out triaxial compression...

Ojala, Ira O

225

Method for crystal growth control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The growth of a crystalline body of a selected material is controlled so that the body has a selected cross-sectional shape. The apparatus is of the type which includes the structure normally employed in known capillary die devices as well as means for observing at least the portion of the surfaces of the growing crystalline body and the meniscus (of melt material from which the body is being pulled) including the solid/liquid/vapor junction in a direction substantially perpendicular to the meniscus surface formed at the junction when the growth of the crystalline body is under steady state conditions. The cross-sectional size of the growing crystalline body can be controlled by determining which points exhibit a sharp change in the amount of reflected radiation of a preselected wavelength and controlling the speed at which the body is being pulled or the temperature of the growth pool of melt so as to maintain those points exhibiting a sharp change at a preselected spatial position relative to a predetermined reference position. The improvement comprises reference object means positioned near the solid/liquid/vapor junction and capable of being observed by the means for observing so as to define said reference position so that the problems associated with convection current jitter are overcome.

Yates, Douglas A. (Burlington, MA); Hatch, Arthur E. (Waltham, MA); Goldsmith, Jeff M. (Medford, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Hydrothermal Growth of Brucite Crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brucite occurs most commonly in nature as an alteration product of periclase; it is also found as a low-temperature hydrothermal vein mineral in serpentinites and in chloritic schists.1...There hav...

Kazuo Nakamura; Shin-Ichi Hirano…

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Introduction to Hematopoietic Growth Factors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A complex, inter-related, and multistep process called hematopoiesis controls the production and development of specific bone marrow cells...11...blood cells are produced in an adult human each day. The prolifera...

George Morstyn MBBS; PhD; FRACP…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood: role of microfibrils and lignification T Okuyama the growth stress generation in the region of normal and tension woods. growth stress/ tension wood in normal and ten- sion wood. The compressive stress from the deposition of lignin controls the level

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

229

Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth December 19, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The Energy Department released three new reports today showcasing...

230

Monocrystalline Silicon Sheet Production for Solar Cells by Advanced Ingot Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent technological advances in Czochralski crystal growth and ingot wafering by I.D. slicing have improved the economic picture of mono-crystalline sheet material production considerably to the extent that ingo...

G. Fiegl

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Lean effectiveness model for products and services : servicing existing systems in aerospace and technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enterprises undergo transformation for more efficient and effective performance and growth. The Lean Enterprise Self Assessment Tool (LESAT) is a product of the Lean Advancement Initiative (LAI) and the Massachusetts ...

Srivastava, Tina Prabha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

A chronological probabilistic production cost model to evaluate the reliability contribution of limited energy plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The growth of renewables in power systems has reinvigorated research and regulatory interest in reliability analysis algorithms such as the Baleriaux/Booth convolution-based probabilistic production cost (PPC) model. ...

Leung, Tommy (Tommy Chun Ting)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE CONTAINING SCRAP TIRE RUBBER in a variety of rubber and plastic products, thermal incineration of waste tires for production of electricity rubber in asphalt mixes, (ii) thermal incineration of worn-out tires for the production of electricity

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

234

Growth performance, voluntary intake and nutrient digestibility in horses grazing Bermudagrass pastures and fed Bermudagrass hay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intake of Forages Digestibility of Cell-Wall Constituents Digestibility of Crude Protein in Forages Digestibility of Gross Energy in Forages Relationships Between Availability of Forage and Animal Production Relationships Between Forage IIuality... of growth to reach mature size, which places an importance on maximum production per animal. Research conducted with ruminants has utilized regression analyses to describe the relationship between average daily gain and stocking rate. Peterson et al...

Aiken, Glen Eris

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

235

Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Planning Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Cambodia, Ethiopia, Jordan, Peru, Thailand South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, Western Asia, South America, South-Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by

236

Carbon dioxide utilization and seaweed production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dioxide utilization and seaweed production dioxide utilization and seaweed production V.R.P.Sinha World Bank Project Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute, Mymensingh, Bangladesh e-mails; vrpsinha@ mymensingh.net, vidyut_s@hotmail.com Lowell Fraley L.D. Fraley & Associates, LLC, P.O. Box 1525, Sugarland, TX 77487, USA, e-mail idf@hia.net BS Chowdhry ISS Consultants, Inc. 13111 Westheimer, Suite 303, Houston, Texas 77077, USA, e-mail bsc@issci.com Abstract: Stronger growth in many plants stimulated by increased CO 2 concentration should lead to greater biological productivity with an expected increase in the photosynthetic storage of carbon. Thus, the biosphere will serve as a sink for CO 2 , though it will also act as a source too, because of respiration. Normally net photosynthesis dominates in summer and

237

Microsoft Word - MPUR_Jun2012_final.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil futures prices decreased in the month of May with both Brent and WTI currently more than 20 percent below their year to date 2012 peaks. Brent settled at $99.93 per barrel and WTI settled at $84.82 per barrel on June 7 (Figure 1). The Brent front month contract fell below $100 per barrel on June 1 for the first time since October 2011. June 1 was only the second trading day that the front Brent month contract settled below $100 since February of 2011. Several factors are currently contributing to lower crude oil prices. Increased oil production from non-OPEC countries, particularly the U.S., have helped offset the

238

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

All Tables All Tables Tables Table WF01. Average Consumer Prices and Expenditures for Heating Fuels During the Winter PDF Table 1. U.S. Energy Markets Summary PDF Table 2. U.S. Energy Prices PDF Table 3a. International Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Production, Consumption, and Inventories PDF Table 3b. Non-OPEC Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Supply PDF Table 3c. OPEC Crude Oil (excluding condensates) Supply PDF Table 3d. World Liquid Fuels Consumption PDF Table 4a. U.S. Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Supply, Consumption, and Inventories PDF Table 4b. U.S. Petroleum Refinery Balance PDF Table 4c. U.S. Regional Motor Gasoline Prices and Inventories PDF Table 5a. U.S. Natural Gas Supply, Consumption, and Inventories PDF Table 5b. U.S. Regional Natural Gas Prices PDF Table 6. U.S. Coal Supply, Consumption, and Inventories PDF

239

Measuring System for Growth Control of the Spirulina Aquaculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It describes the workings of a data?logging instrument that measures growth levels of the Spirulina aquaculture. The Spirulina is a very delicate algae and its culture may be suddenly lost due to overgrowth. This kind of instrument is not at present available in the market. The transduction is a submergible laser device whose measuring margin of error is near to 0.28%. The advantage of this new instrument is the improvement in the measurement and the low cost. The future application of this work is related to the industrial production of food and fuel from micro algae culture for the growing world population.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Normal Growth of Range Cattle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR College Station, Brazos County, Texas BULLETIN NO. 409 MARCH, 1930 DIVISION OF RANGE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY - Lr9RARv' *n+!nmt">3~roql f', 44+lpl,9-' . 16' , ,, ..!c?! cq!!f?~c nt... of these special problems, the Texas Station presents in this Bulletin a study of the growth in weight and in measurements which actually took place in the calves born during nine years at Substation No. 14, the Ranch Experiment Station. This study so far has...

Lush, Jay L. (Jay Laurence)

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Old growth and new forestry  

SciTech Connect

Concerns for ecosystems have spurred a rethinking of forest management practices. This paper reviews the current resource management practices of the timber industry and of the Menominee Indians of Wisconsin who have been practicing sustained management through selective harvest since 1854. The paper begins with a discussion of the definitions of old growth, snags, coarse woody debris, and riparian zones and the Congressional excesses of the past which are at least partly to blame for the situation in the timber industry of the Pacific Northwest.

Meadows, D.G.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward

Narasayya, Vivek

243

Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic Growth | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic Growth Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic Growth Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic Growth February 7, 2013 - 1:20pm Addthis Smart for Life received a loan from Palm Beach County’s revolving loan fund program to expand its production facility and boost its overall energy efficiency. | Photo courtesy of Craig Stephens, Palm Beach County. Smart for Life received a loan from Palm Beach County's revolving loan fund program to expand its production facility and boost its overall energy efficiency. | Photo courtesy of Craig Stephens, Palm Beach County. Christina Stowers Communications Specialist in the Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program What are the key facts? After making energy efficiency upgrades, Smart for Life expects to

244

An analysis of China's coal supply and its impact on China's future economic growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many people believe that China's economic growth can continue almost indefinitely. For a manufacturing-based economy such as China's to continue to grow, it needs an adequate supply of inexpensive energy. To date, this energy growth has primarily come from coal, but China's indigenous coal supplies are now falling short of the amount needed to support this growth. In this situation, the status of China's future coal supply will be very important for China's future economic development. Our analysis shows that China's ultimate recoverable coal reserves equal 223.6×109 MT, and its production will peak between 2025 and 2030, with peak production of approximately 3.9×109 MT. The extent to which China can import coal in the future is uncertain. With rising coal demand, this combination is likely to create a significant challenge to China's future economic development.

Jianliang Wang; Lianyong Feng; Gail E. Tverberg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production benefits, thereby becoming uneconomic growth, making us poorer, not richer? After all, real GDP is to sustain a constant, sufficient stock of real wealth and people for a long time. A downward spiral of these candles is not visible in the false dawn projected by economists whose campaigning optimism never gives

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

246

Long-term economic growth stimulus of human capital preservation in the elderly  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Third, the GDP share of...sustainable energy production...elasticity of demand for health...relative to GDP will be mitigated...increase in per capital medical...growth of per capita benefit liability...projections of the demand for Medicare...to 24% of GDP by 2085...adjusted per annum, per capita health costs...

Kenneth G. Manton; Xi-Liang Gu; Arthur Ullian; H. Dennis Tolley; Alvin E. Headen; Jr; Gene Lowrimore

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Apparatus for monitoring crystal growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Method of monitoring crystal growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The Intricate Puzzle of Oil and Gas Reserves Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Monthly July 1997 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Monthly July 1997 The Intricate Puzzle of Oil and Gas "Reserves Growth" by David F. Morehouse Developing the Nation's discovered oil and gas resources This article begins with a background discussion of the for production is a complex process that is often methods used to estimate proved oil and gas reserves characterized by initial uncertainty as regards the and ultimate recovery, which is followed by a discussion ultimate size or productive potential of the involved of the factors that affect the ultimate recovery estimates reservoirs and fields. Because the geological and of a field or reservoir. Efforts starting in 1960 to analyze hydrological characteristics of the subsurface cannot - and project ultimate resource appreciation are then

250

FCT Hydrogen Production: Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Basics to someone by E-mail Basics to someone by E-mail Share FCT Hydrogen Production: Basics on Facebook Tweet about FCT Hydrogen Production: Basics on Twitter Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Production: Basics on Google Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Production: Basics on Delicious Rank FCT Hydrogen Production: Basics on Digg Find More places to share FCT Hydrogen Production: Basics on AddThis.com... Home Basics Central Versus Distributed Production Current Technology R&D Activities Quick Links Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Systems Analysis Contacts Basics Photo of hydrogen production in photobioreactor Hydrogen, chemical symbol "H", is the simplest element on earth. An atom of hydrogen has only one proton and one electron. Hydrogen gas is a diatomic

251

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MODIS ASCII Subset Products - FTP Access MODIS ASCII Subset Products - FTP Access All of the MODIS ASCII Subsets are available from the ORNL DAAC's ftp site. The directory structure of the ftp site is based on the abbreviated names for the MODIS Products. Terra MODIS products are abbreviated "MOD", Aqua MODIS products are abbreviated "MYD" and combined Terra and Aqua MODIS products are abbreviated "MCD". The abbreviated names also include the version number (also known as collection). For specific products, please refer to the following table: Product Acronym Spatial Resolution Temporal Frequency Terra V005 SIN Aqua V005 SIN Terra/Aqua Combined V005 SIN Surface Reflectance SREF 500 m 8 day composites MOD09A1 MYD09A1 ---------- Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity TEMP 1 km 8 day composites MOD11A2 MYD11A2 ----------

252

Hydrogen Production- Current Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The development of clean, sustainable, and cost-competitive hydrogen production processes is key to a viable future clean energy economy. Hydrogen production technologies fall into three general...

253

State Energy Production Estimates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

State Energy Production Estimates 1960 Through 2012 2012 Summary Tables Table P1. Energy Production Estimates in Physical Units, 2012 Alabama 19,455 215,710 9,525 0 Alaska 2,052...

254

MODIS Land Product Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Validation > MODIS Land Subsets Validation > MODIS Land Subsets MODIS Land Product Subsets Overview Earth, Western Hemisphere The goal of the MODIS Land Product Subsets project is to provide summaries of selected MODIS Land Products for the community to use for validation of models and remote-sensing products and to characterize field sites. Output files contain pixel values of MODIS land products in text format and in GeoTIFF format. In addition, data visualizations (time series plots and grids showing single composite periods) are available. MODIS Land Product Subsets Resources The following MODIS Land Product Subsets resources are maintained by the ORNL DAAC: MODIS Land Products Offered Background Citation Policy Methods and formats MODIS Sinusoidal Grid - Google Earth KMZ Classroom Exercises

255

Climate change impacts on forest growth and tree mortality: a data-driven modeling study in the mixed-conifer forest of the Sierra Nevada, California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We evaluated the impacts of climate change on the productivity and health of a forest in the mixed-conifer region in California. We adapted an industry ... tool to forecast 30-years of growth for forest stands un...

John J. Battles; Timothy Robards; Adrian Das; Kristen Waring…

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

MECS 2006- Forest Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Forest Products (NAICS 321, 322) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

257

Regulation of macrophage production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by hypoxia and transforming growth factor ?-1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background:...Breast tumors contain high numbers of infiltrating macrophages. The role and function of these cells within the tumor remain unclear, but a number of studies have found an associati...

Judith H. Harmey PhD; Evdokia Dimitriadis PhD…

258

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fellow at the UWM-CBU. His research interests include the use of coal fly ash, coal bottom ash, and usedCenter for By-Products Utilization USE OF UNDER-UTILIZED COAL- COMBUSTION PRODUCTS IN PERMEABLE-Utilized Coal-Combustion Products in Permeable Roadway Base Construction 1 (MS #LV-R67) Use of Under

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

259

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) coal-ash and by replacing up to 9% of aggregates with wet-collected, low-lime, coarse coal-ash. Cast of coal fly ash, coal bottom ash, and used foundry sand in concrete and cast-concrete productsCenter for By-Products Utilization PROPERTIES OF CAST-CONCRETE PRODUCTS MADE WITH FBC ASH

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

260

Productivity & Energy Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Productivity & Energy Flow Ecosystem approach, focuses: on flow of energy, water, and nutrients (capture) of energy by autotrophs Gross (total) Net (total ­ costs) Secondary productivity- capture of energy by herbivores http://sciencebitz.com/?page_id=204 What Controls the Primary Productivity

Mitchell, Randall J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Covered Product Categories  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Federal agencies are required by law to purchase products that are designated by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP-designated) or qualified by ENERGY STAR. Choose a product category for information about purchasing, installing, and using energy-efficient products.

262

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Solar Wind Program Info State Michigan Program Type Grant Program Provider Michigan Farm Bureau A joint venture between Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) and the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC), the Strategic Growth Initiative Grant Program was designed to leverage business development and growth for the state's $91.4 billion food and agriculture industry. The grant program aims to remove barriers inhibiting growth in the state's food and agriculture industry, fostering economic opportunities for Michigan-based food processors, agribusiness and

263

Jumping-Catalyst Dynamics in Nanowire Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanowire growth is generally considered a steady-state process, but oscillatory phenomena are known to often play a fundamental role. Here we identify a natural sequence of distinct growth modes, in two of which the catalyst droplet jumps periodically on and off a crystal facet. The oscillatory modes result from a mismatch between catalyst size and wire diameter; they enable growth of straight smooth-sided wires even when the droplet is too small to span the wire tip. Jumping-catalyst growth modes are seen both in computer simulations of vapor-liquid-solid growth, and in movies of Si nanowire growth obtained by in situ microscopy. Our simulations also provide new insight into nanowire kinking.

K.?W. Schwarz; J. Tersoff; S. Kodambaka; F.?M. Ross

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

264

Phenomenological approach for describing environment dependent growths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Different classes of phenomenological universalities of environment dependent growths have been proposed. The logistic as well as environment dependent West-type allometry based biological growth can be explained in this proposed framework of phenomenological description. It is shown that logistic and environment dependent West-type growths are phenomenologically identical in nature. However there is a difference between them in terms of coefficients involved in the phenomenological descriptions. It is also established that environment independent and enviornment dependent biological growth processes lead to the same West-type biological growth equation. Involuted Gompertz function, used to describe biological growth processes undergoing atrophy or a demographic and economic system undergoing involution or regression, can be addressed in this proposed environment dependent description. In addition, some other phenomenological descriptions have been examined in this proposed framework and graphical representations of variation of different parameters involved in the description are executed.

Dibyendu Biswas; Swarup Poria

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

265

Cancer growth: Predictions of a realistic model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulations of avascular cancer growth are performed using experimental values of the relevant parameters. This permits a realistic assessment of the influence of these parameters on cancer growth dynamics. In general, an early exponential growth phase is followed by a linear regime (as observed in recent experiments), while the thickness of the viable cell layer remains approximately constant. Contrary to some predictions, a transition to latency is not observed.

S. A. Menchón and C. A. Condat

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

266

Human preproinsulin-like growth factor I  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a synthetic DNA sequence encoding a preproinsulin-like growth factor-I protein. It comprises: the sequence of amino acids.

Rotwein, P.S.; Krivi, G.G.

1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

267

Growth and structure of -lactalbumin nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanotubes are formed after partial hydrolysis of the milk protein -lactalbumin. This scattering study presents dimensions of the -lactalbumin nanotubes and a model of their growth.

Graveland-Bikker, J.F.

2006-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

268

IN THIS ISSUE Excessive Cotton Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AGRONOMY NOTES July, 2004 IN THIS ISSUE COTTON Excessive Cotton Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Management Influence on Hardlock Cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Wet Conditions and Nitrogen Applications on Cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Watson, Craig A.

269

Reduced models of algae growth Heikki Haario,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduced models of algae growth Heikki Haario, Leonid Kalachev Marko Laine, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA Finnish Meteorological institute

Bardsley, John

270

Optimization Online - Robust Growth-Optimal Portfolios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 24, 2014 ... Abstract: The growth-optimal portfolio is designed to have maximum ... the asset return distribution, which is not directly observable but must be ...

Napat Rujeerapaiboon

2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

271

"Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9, 2012, 4:15pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium "Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection", Dr. Bryan Czech, resident, Center for the Advancement of the Steady State...

272

Essays on India’s Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

initial euphoria about liberalisation, a revisionist viewand industrial policy liberalisation. Three, growth in thebuilt up under the pre-liberalisation policy regime), their

Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Theoretical Ecology: Continued growth and success  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EDITORIAL Theoretical Ecology: Continued growth and successof areas in theoretical ecology. Among the highlights areyear represent theoretical ecology from around the world: 20

Hastings, Alan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Green Growth and Transport | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transport Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Growth and Transport AgencyCompany Organization: ITF ComplexityEase of Use: Not Available Website:...

275

Source mergers and bubble growth during reionization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......have enhanced photon production due to star formation...a change in photon production over time for any given...extending previous methods, photon production histories, bubble...historical event when hydrogen in the universe transformed......

J. D. Cohn; Tzu-Ching Chang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in solar means growth in Ohio Growth in solar means growth in Ohio VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 10:57am Addthis DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand for solar power soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW as of June -- and

277

his report summarizes the results of an analysis of CO2 production from the Pacific Northwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from other sources such as transportation or industrial process- es. The actual CO2 production1 #12;2 T his report summarizes the results of an analysis of CO2 production from the Pacific. The analysis explores how future growth in CO2 produc- tion would be affected by various resource develop- ment

278

A Framework to Report the Production of Renewable Diesel from Algae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, growth conditions, and product composition. Keywords Renewable diesel . Biodiesel . Algae . ReportingA Framework to Report the Production of Renewable Diesel from Algae Colin M. Beal & Colin H. Smith(s) 2010. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract Recently, algae have

279

Ecosystem Energy-Use Efficiency: Positive Effects of Predation on Productivity Joseph Hakam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecosystem Energy-Use Efficiency: Positive Effects of Predation on Productivity Joseph Hakam Brown systems will be able to utilize more of the primary energy source and display higher productivity. While processing as much energy as possible within given resource and growth constraints. Bottom-up and top

Vallino, Joseph J.

280

Unlocking Streptomyces spp. for Use as Sustainable Industrial Production Platforms by Morphological Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...major bottleneck in their commercialization. Here we describe the successful...actinomycetes results in production processes that are typically characterized...translate to the production process, i.e., growth rate...major bottleneck in their commercialization. Here we describe the successful...

Gilles P. van Wezel; Preben Krabben; Bjørn A. Traag; Bart J. F. Keijser; Rob Kerste; Erik Vijgenboom; Josef J. Heijnen; Barend Kraal

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Product service transformation in product-centric firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In slow or no-growth economies, firms cannot rely solely on recurring business from large, core customers who often delay or cancel capital investments in belt-tightening times. To achieve growth, firms must lever domain ...

Levitt, Benjamin (Benjamin P.)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Recombinant host cells and media for ethanol production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are recombinant host cells suitable for degrading an oligosaccharide that have been optimized for growth and production of high yields of ethanol, and methods of making and using these cells. The invention further provides minimal media comprising urea-like compounds for economical production of ethanol by recombinant microorganisms. Recombinant host cells in accordance with the invention are modified by gene mutation to eliminate genes responsible for the production of unwanted products other than ethanol, thereby increasing the yield of ethanol produced from the oligosaccharides, relative to unmutated parent strains. The new and improved strains of recombinant bacteria are capable of superior ethanol productivity and yield when grown under conditions suitable for fermentation in minimal growth media containing inexpensive reagents. Systems optimized for ethanol production combine a selected optimized minimal medium with a recombinant host cell optimized for use in the selected medium. Preferred systems are suitable for efficient ethanol production by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) using lignocellulose as an oligosaccharide source. The invention also provides novel isolated polynucleotide sequences, polypeptide sequences, vectors and antibodies.

Wood, Brent E; Ingram, Lonnie O; Yomano, Lorraine P; York, Sean W

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

283

Growth faults and salt tectonics in Houston diapir province: relative timing and exploration significance  

SciTech Connect

Oil and gas accumulation in Gulf Coast Tertiary strata is contolled mainly by regional growth faults and by salt-related structures. Salt forms the most prominent set of structures in the Houston diapir province of southeast Texas. Recent work in three study areas shows that the Tertiary growth-fault trends, so well displayed along strike to the south-west, continue through this salt basin as well, but they have been deformed by later salt movement. In the Katy area, seismic data disclose early (pre-Wilcox) salt pillows downdip of the Cretaceous reef trend. Salt stocks were injected upward from the pillows during Clayborne deposition, and were flanked by deep withdrawal basins and turtle structures. In Brazoria County, a major lower Frio growth-fault trend affecting the Houston delta system, was deformed by later salt domes, by a salt-withdrawal basin, and by a possible turtle structure at Chocolate Bayou. A productive geopressured aquifer exists in the salt-withdrawal basin bounded by the previously formed growth faults. In Jefferson County, in contrast, salt-tectonic activity and growth faulting appear to have been coeval. Early salt-cored ridges continued to rise throughout Frio deposition; growth faults occur both updip and downdip. Hydrocarbons accumulated over the salt domes in growth-fault anticlines and in stratigraphic traps. Recognition that shelf-margin growth faulting preceded the development of the present pattern of domes and basins has important implications for hydrocarbon exploration. Growth faults may be migration paths for hydrocarbons; furthermore, early formed traps, distorted by salt movement, may still be found to contain hydrocarbons.

Ewing, T.E.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Wood Products 201213 Student Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products 201213 Student Handbook Ecosystem Science and Management College ........................................................................................................................... 2 Wood Products Undergraduate Program ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 Careers for Wood Products Majors

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

285

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

286

Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Gasoline inventories indicate how tight the gasoline product market is in any one region. When the gasoline market is tight, it affects the portion of gasoline price is the spread between spot product price and crude oil price. Note that in late 1998-and early 1999 spreads were very small when inventories were quite high. Contrast summers of 1998 or 1999 with summer 2000. Last summer's tight markets, resulting low stocks and transition to Phase 2 RFG added price pressure over and above the already high crude price pressure on gasoline -- particularly in the Midwest. As we ended last winter, gasoline inventories were low, and the spread between spot prices and crude oil were higher than typical as a result. Inventories stayed well below average and the spread during the

287

KINETIC ROUGHENING PHENOMENA, STOCHASTIC GROWTH, DIRECTED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KINETIC ROUGHENING PHENOMENA, STOCHASTIC GROWTH, DIRECTED POLYMERS AND ALL THAT Aspects 254 (1995) 215-414 Kinetic roughening phenomena, stochastic growth, directed polymers and all that for the nonlinear term 3.2. Dynamic RG analysis 3.3. A worthy detour: kinetic roughening with conservation law 3

Halpin-Healy, Tim

288

BIOTIC INFLUENCES AFFECTING POPULATION GROWTH OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Chlorella and Nitz8chia _ Growth curve and division rate of Chlorella _ Growth curve and division rate in conditioned media _ Inhibitory effect o~ Chlorella of Nitz8chia-conditioned medium _ Inhibitory effect on Nitz8chia of Chlorella-condit,ioned medium _ Inhibitory effects of filtrate from conditioned media

289

Social Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge ,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, labor mobility, and social capital. The key assumption is that technological innovation, which drivesSocial Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge , Joachim von Amsberg § March 2002 Revised July 2002 Abstract We define and characterize social capital in a simple growth model. We capture social capital

290

Growth of Betti Numbers Bryan Clair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growth of Betti Numbers Bryan Clair _____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction Let X = fX= be a finite simplicial complex. We study the growth rate of the Betti numbers of X. It is easy to see that the sequence of Betti numbers {bq(Xi)} can grow at most linearly

Clair, Bryan

291

Annual Growth Bands in Hymenaea courbaril  

SciTech Connect

One significant source of annual temperature and precipitation data arises from the regular annual secondary growth rings of trees. Several tropical tree species are observed to form regular growth bands that may or may not form annually. Such growth was observed in one stem disk of the tropical legume Hymenaea courbaril near the area of David, Panama. In comparison to annual reference {Delta}{sup 14}C values from wood and air, the {Delta}{sup 14}C values from the secondary growth rings formed by H. courbaril were determined to be annual in nature in this one stem disk specimen. During this study, H. courbaril was also observed to translocate recently produced photosynthate into older growth rings as sapwood is converted to heartwood. This process alters the overall {Delta}{sup 14}C values of these transitional growth rings as cellulose with a higher {Delta}{sup 14}C content is translocated into growth rings with a relatively lower {Delta}{sup 14}C content. Once the annual nature of these growth rings is established, further stable isotope analyses on H. courbaril material in other studies may help to complete gaps in the understanding of short and of long term global climate patterns.

Westbrook, J A; Guilderson, T P; Colinvaux, P A

2004-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

292

Bifurcation Analysis of Endogenous Growth Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the model could produce chaotic dynamics, but our analysis cannot confirm that conjecture. Further this thesis analyses the dynamics of a variant of Jones semi-endogenous growth model "Sources of US Economic growth in a World of Ideas" The American Economic...

Ghosh, Taniya

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

293

Coal Production 1992  

SciTech Connect

Coal Production 1992 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, the number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves to a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In 1992, there were 3,439 active coal mining operations made up of all mines, preparation plants, and refuse operations. The data in Table 1 cover the 2,746 mines that produced coal, regardless of the amount of production, except for bituminous refuse mines. Tables 2 through 33 include data from the 2,852 mining operations that produced, processed, or prepared 10 thousand or more short tons of coal during the period, except for bituminous refuse, and includes preparation plants with 5 thousand or more employee hours. These mining operations accounted for over 99 percent of total US coal production and represented 83 percent of all US coal mining operations in 1992.

Not Available

1993-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

294

Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Support Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Country Brazil, Indonesia, South Korea South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 Indonesia 4 References Overview The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that economic growth and environmental sustainability are not merely compatible objectives; their integration is essential for the future of humankind. GGGI is dedicated to pioneering and diffusing a new model of economic

295

Career Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Career Growth Home > Federal Employment > Working at NNSA > Career Growth Career Growth Learning doesn't stop with a college or post-graduate degree. It is a key part of individual career development and is central to NNSA's efforts to

296

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth by W. G. Breiland, L. A. Bruskas, A. A. Allerman, and T. W. Hargett Motivation-Temperature is a critical factor in the growth of thin films by either chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). It is particularly important in compound semiconductor growth because one is often challenged to grow materials with specific chemical compositions in order to maintain stringent lattice-matching conditions or to achieve specified bandgap values. Optical pyrometry can be used to measure surface temperatures, but the thin film growth causes significant changes in the emissivity of the surface, leading to severe errors in the pyrometer measurement. To avoid these errors, emissivity changes must be measured and

297

Uranium 2009 resources, production and demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With several countries currently building nuclear power plants and planning the construction of more to meet long-term increases in electricity demand, uranium resources, production and demand remain topics of notable interest. In response to the projected growth in demand for uranium and declining inventories, the uranium industry – the first critical link in the fuel supply chain for nuclear reactors – is boosting production and developing plans for further increases in the near future. Strong market conditions will, however, be necessary to trigger the investments required to meet projected demand. The "Red Book", jointly prepared by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency, is a recognised world reference on uranium. It is based on information compiled in 40 countries, including those that are major producers and consumers of uranium. This 23rd edition provides a comprehensive review of world uranium supply and demand as of 1 January 2009, as well as data on global ur...

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Scleroglucan biopolymer production, properties, and economics  

SciTech Connect

Production and solution properties which may make scleroglucan polysaccharide economically advantageous for onsite production and use in tertiary oil recovery were investigated. Scleroglucan, which is similar in viscosity and shear thinning to xanthan, can be produced in a 3-day batch or 12 h continuous fermentation. Yield is nearly 50% based on input glucose. Gross biopolymer-biomass separation may be effected using microscreening, a low energy process, followed by polish filtration. Polymer flux may be improved by hydrolysis with an endolaminarinase from Rhizopus arrhizius QM 1032. Simple feedstock requirements and low growth pH, together with the difficulty of resuspending dried polymer, may encourage field biopolymer fermentation and use of purified culture broth.

Compere, A.L.; Griffith, W.L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy, the Council on Competitiveness, and the Alliance to Save Energy are teaming up for Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030, an initiative to double U.S. energy productivity by 2030. This effort continues support for the goal the President set in his 2013 State of the Union address to double energy productivity, measured by GDP per unit of energy use, from the 2010 level by 2030.

300

Digital electronic bone growth stimulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to the electrical treatment of biological tissue. In particular, the present invention discloses a device that produces discrete electrical pulse trains for treating osteoporosis and accelerating bone growth. According to its major aspects and broadly stated, the present invention consists of an electrical circuit configuration capable of generating Bassett-type waveforms shown with alternative signals provide for the treatment of either fractured bones or osteoporosis. The signal generator comprises a quartz clock, an oscillator circuit, a binary divider chain, and a plurality of simple, digital logic gates. Signals are delivered efficiently, with little or no distortion, and uniformly distributed throughout the area of injury. Perferably, power is furnished by widely available and inexpensive radio batteries, needing replacement only once in several days. The present invention can be affixed to a medical cast without a great increase in either weight or bulk. Also, the disclosed stimulator can be used to treat osteoporosis or to strengthen a healing bone after the cast has been removed by attaching the device to the patient`s skin or clothing.

Kronberg, J.W.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Drivers Behind Growing U.S. Product Exports & Shrinking Light-Heavy Price Differences  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‚§ This presentation focuses on what is behind the recent growth in product exports, if they will ‚§ This presentation focuses on what is behind the recent growth in product exports, if they will persist, and what do they imply for U.S. refiners. 1 1 1  At the same time, light-heavy price differences in both product and crude oil markets have been shrinking. One of the products that is showing increasing exports, residual fuel oil, provides some insights into this market dynamic, which will also be discussed. Over the past several years, major changes in oil product markets worldwide are having f S f f 2 significant impacts on U.S. refiners. The presentation will focus on two major products - gasoline and middle distillates (jet fuel, kerosene, diesel and heating oil) - as well as residual fuel oil, which plays a small role in the U.S., but a larger role internationally.

302

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction Introduction The goal of the MODIS Land Product Subsets project is to provide summaries of selected MODIS Land Products for the community to use for validation of models and remote-sensing products, and to characterize field sites. The MODIS Land Product Subsets are derived from MODIS products that were generated with Collection 4 or later algorithms. Please be advised that these products are subject to continual review and revision. The MODIS land product subsets are provided in ASCII and GeoTIFF format. The subsets are stored as individual text(ASCII) files, each file represents one field site and one MODIS product.The ASCII data covers 7x7 km of the field site. These ASCII files contain comma-delimited rows of parameter values (image bands) for each pixel in the selected area. Each row in the file will contain data from one 8-day, 16-day, or annual period (depending on the temporal frequency of the data product represented).

303

Biogas Production Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biogas Production Technologies Ruihong Zhang, Professor Biological and Agricultural Engineering University of California, Davis Email: rhzhang@ucdavis.edu Biogas and Fuel Cell...

304

Forest Products (2010 MECS)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Forest Products Sector (NAICS 321, 322) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

305

Forest Products Industry Profile  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Wood and paper products meet the everyday needs of consumers and businesses. They provide materials essential for communication, education, packaging, construction, shelter, sanitation, and protection.

306

Challenge # 1. Feedstock & Production  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Target Market 2. Temporal Supply of Biomass 3. Feedstock Conditioning 4. Utilities & Resources Challenge 1. Feedstock & Production Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy...

307

Morphometry and lacustrine productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

productivity even while denying any di- probably does much to explain why deep, .... stratification does not develop in the epi- limnion, upward ... Fundamentals.

2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

308

Coalbed Methane Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NA Not Available; W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Coalbed Methane production data collected in conjunction with proved reserves data on Form...

309

Product Pipeline Reports Tutorial  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey Forms> Petroleum Survey Forms Tutorial Product Pipeline Reports Tutorial Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Get Adobe Flash player...

310

Crude Oil Domestic Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Series: Crude Oil Domestic Production Refinery Crude Oil Inputs Refinery Gross Inputs Refinery Operable Capacity (Calendar Day) Refinery Percent Operable Utilization Net...

311

Furfuryl alcohol cellular product  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Self-extinguishing rigid foam products are formed by polymerization of furfuryl alcohol in the presence of a lightweight, particulate, filler, zinc chloride and selected catalysts.

Sugama, T.; Kukacka, L.E.

1982-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

312

Rapid growth in CO2 emissions after the 2008-2009 global financial crisis  

SciTech Connect

Global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil-fuel combustion and cement production grew 5.9% in 2010, surpassed 9 Pg of carbon (Pg C) for the first time, and more than offset the 1.4% decrease in 2009. The impact of the 2008 2009 global financial crisis (GFC) on emissions has been short-lived owing to strong emissions growth in emerging economies, a return to emissions growth in developed economies, and an increase in the fossil-fuel intensity of the world economy.

Peters, Glen P. [Center for International Climate and Energy Research (CICERO), Oslo, Norway; Marland, Gregg [Appalachian State University; Le Quere, Corinne [University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom; Boden, Thomas A [ORNL; Canadell, Josep [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research; Raupach, Michael [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Impairment of O-antigen production confers resistance to grazing in a model amoeba–cyanobacterium predator–prey system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Technologies). 1 Chisti Y ( 2007 ) Biodiesel from microalgae . Biotechnol Adv 25 : 294...biofuels: High-efficiency microalgae for biodiesel production . Bioenergy Res 1 : 20...for growth of unicellular blue-green algae on plates . J Phycol 4 : 1 . 58 Bustos...

Ryan Simkovsky; Emy F. Daniels; Karen Tang; Stacey C. Huynh; Susan S. Golden; Bianca Brahamsha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Productivity of the U.S. freight rail industry: a review of the past and prospects for the future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Productivity growth in the U.S. freight rail industry has slowed in recent years, raising the issue of the sustainability of the significant improvements achieved during the past three decades. Indeed, between 1979 and ...

Kriem, Youssef

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Assessment of carbon sequestration and timber production of Scots pine across Scotland using the process-based model 3-PGN   

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detailed eco-physiological interpretation of the environmental factors affecting Scots pine growth and it provided an assessment of carbon sequestration under the scenario of sustainable, normal production and its effects from the environment. Finally...

Xenakis, Georgios

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

316

State Energy Production Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State Energy Data System State Energy Data System Production Estimates Technical Notes For 1960-2011 Estimates Table of Contents Section 1. Introduction ................................................................................................................... 1 Section 2. Coal ............................................................................................................................... 5 Section 3. Crude Oil ....................................................................................................................... 7 Section 4. Natural Gas (Marketed Production) .............................................................................. 9 Section 5. Renewable Energy and Nuclear Energy ..................................................................... 13

317

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, and Yoon-moon Chun Report No. CBU-2004 of Limestone Quarry By-Products for Developing Economical Self-Compacting Concrete Principle Investigator Name. For this proposed project, self-compacting concrete mixtures will be developed for prototype production that utilize

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

318

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik and Rakesh Kumar Report No. CBU-2003-15 REP-509 April 2003 CONCRETE April 2003 REP-509 #12;ii Use of Limestone Quarry By-Products for Developing Economical Self-Compacting in the production of economical self-compacting concrete. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this project

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

319

Products from Marine Algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... from an extensive survey of the literature, on many aspects of the study of marine algae. The chief emphasis is, however, on commercial products derived from ... . The chief emphasis is, however, on commercial products derived from algae, the chemicals themselves, their processes of extraction and utilization in industry and as sources ...

E. M. BURROWS

1970-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

320

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization CLEAN COAL BY-PRODUCTS UTILIZATION IN ROADWAY, EMBANKMENTS-fueled plants, particularly use of eastern coals, has lead to the use of clean coal and using advanced sulfur dioxide control technologies. Figure 1 shows clean coal technology benefits(2) . In 1977, the concept

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 784, Milwaukee, WI 53201 d Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute * Director UWM products containing clean coal ash compared to conventional coal ash. Utilization of clean coal ash is much products that utilize clean coal ash. With increasing federal regulations on power plant emissions, finding

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

322

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLEAN COAL ASH AS SETTING TIME REGULATOR IN PORTLAND OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;2 Use of Clean Coal Ash as Setting Time Regulator in Portland Cement by Zichao Wu as setting time regulator for portland cement production. In this paper a source of clean coal ash (CCA

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

323

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization HIGH-STRENGTH HVFA CONCRETE CONTAINING CLEAN COAL ASH By Tarun R #12;1 HIGH-STRENGTH HVFA CONCRETE CONTAINING CLEAN COAL ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, and Bruce for manufacture of cement-based products using ashes generated from combustion of high-sulfur coals. A clean coal

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

324

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization APPLICATION OF SCRAP TIRE RUBBER IN ASPHALTIC MATERIALS: STATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. PRODUCING CRUMB RUBBER MODIFIER (CRM) FROM USED TIRES . . . . . 3 2.1 PRODUCTION OF CRM THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MILWAUKEE #12;APPLICATION OF SCRAP TIRE RUBBER IN ASPHALTIC MATERIALS: STATE

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

325

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

include workability, water requirement, bleeding, segregation, air content, time of set, and temperature with and without by-products, and soil and groundwater remediation technologies including bioremediation. ACI for power production. Its combustion in electric power plants produces large amounts of fly ash and bottom

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

326

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-strength materials (CLSM); and, future research needs. The fresh concrete properties discussed are workability, water with and without by-products, and soil and groundwater remediation technologies including bioremediation. ACI for power production. Its combustion in electric power plants produces large amounts of fly ash and bottom

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

327

Phenomenology of ``Onium'' Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenology of heavy quarkonia production in hadron collisions is reviewed. The theoretical predictions are compared to data. Commonly used production models are shown to fail in explaining all the experimental findings. The shortcomings of these models are analysed and possible improvements are discussed.

Matteo Cacciari

1995-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

328

Supplemental photosynthetic lighting for greenhouse tomato production  

SciTech Connect

The influence of supplemental light on the growth and productivity of greenhouse tomatoes grown to a single cluster on movable benches is examined, and the economic feasibility of such a system is evaluated. Experiments were conducted to quantify the tomato plants' response to various levels of supplemental light in terms of growth rate and yield at various stages in their development (e.g., seedling, flowering plant, etc.). The 1984--85 experiments showed that supplemental photosynthetic lighting nearly doubled tomato yields, from 0.48 to 0.86 lbs/plant. Subsequent experiments in 1985--86 identified the best tomato varieties for this treatment and further increased yields to 1.3 lbs/plant. In addition, the use of supplemental lighting was found to hasten tomato crop maturity. An economic analysis was performed on the 1985--86 empirical data using the tax rates and provisions then in force. It indicated that a 10-acre greenhouse could provide an after-tax internal rate of return of 10% to 12% using only equity financing. This return could likely be increased to 15--18% with the use of combined debt/equity financing. Using supplemental lighting on 10,000 acres of greenhouse production would require an estimated 7.5 billion kWh of additional electricity per year and, at 4.7 cents/kWh, generate an estimated $350 million in additional utility revenues. 48 refs., 34 figs., 24 tabs.

Godfriaux, B.L.; Wittman, W.K. (Public Service Electric and Gas Co., Newark, NJ (USA)); Janes, H.W.; McAvoy, R.J.; Putman, J.; Logendra, S. (Rutgers--the State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (USA). Dept. of Horticulture and Forestry); Mears, D.R.; Giacommelli, G.; Giniger, M. (Rutgers--the State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (USA). Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering)

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Gulf Coast Distillate Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 of 15 4 of 15 Notes: PADD 3 is a major source of supply for the East Coast. This graph shows how during the winter of 1997-1998 when distillate stocks were very high, production fell back. In contrast, we entered the winter of 1996-1997 with very low stocks, and refineries reached record production levels as they tried to build stocks late in the season. Notice that production is normally reduced in January as distillate stocks are used to meet demand and as refineries begin maintenance and turnovers, which continue into February. This January is no different. There is room for some production increases in January and February, if refineries postpone maintenance. But postponing maintenance and turnarounds can create problems when the gasoline production season begins in March and April.

330

STEO December 2012 - natural gas production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2012 natural gas production seen at record 69 billion cubic feet per 2012 natural gas production seen at record 69 billion cubic feet per day U.S. natural gas production is expected to increase 4.5 percent this year to a record 69 billion cubic feet per day, according to the new monthly energy forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. A big portion of that natural gas is going to the U.S. electric power sector, which is generating more electricity from gas in place of coal. Consumption of natural gas for power generation this year is forecast to jump by more than 21 percent. The growth in gas production is expected to slow in 2013. And while gas use by the electric power sector is expected to decline by about 10 percent next year, it will remain high by historical standards. These trends reflect a structural shift toward using more natural gas for U.S. power generation.

331

3.0 GROWTH FACILITY SPACE REQUESTS Prospective users of the greenhouses or growth chambers are encouraged to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for greenhouse and growth chamber specifications, including space, lighting and fees. Greenhouse and Growth Chamber Space Inventory Greenhouse and Growth Chamber Lighting Inventory #12;Hourly Rate Service Charges3.0 GROWTH FACILITY SPACE REQUESTS Prospective users of the greenhouses or growth chambers

Pawlowski, Wojtek

332

FCT Hydrogen Production: Hydrogen Production R&D Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Production R&D Hydrogen Production R&D Activities to someone by E-mail Share FCT Hydrogen Production: Hydrogen Production R&D Activities on Facebook Tweet about FCT Hydrogen Production: Hydrogen Production R&D Activities on Twitter Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Production: Hydrogen Production R&D Activities on Google Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Production: Hydrogen Production R&D Activities on Delicious Rank FCT Hydrogen Production: Hydrogen Production R&D Activities on Digg Find More places to share FCT Hydrogen Production: Hydrogen Production R&D Activities on AddThis.com... Home Basics Current Technology R&D Activities Quick Links Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Systems Analysis Contacts

333

Hypersonic Measurements of Roughness-Induced Transient Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of surface roughness on boundary-layer disturbance growth and laminar-to-turbulent transition are not well understood, especially in hypersonic boundary layers. The transient growth mechanism that produces algebraic growth of stream wise...

Sharp, Nicole Susanne

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

334

Crack propagation driven by crystal growth  

SciTech Connect

Crystals that grow in confinement may exert a force on their surroundings and thereby drive crack propagation in rocks and other materials. We describe a model of crystal growth in an idealized crack geometry in which the crystal growth and crack propagation are coupled through the stress in the surrounding bulk solid. Subcritical crack propagation takes place during a transient period, which may be very long, during which the crack velocity is limited by the kinetics of crack propagation. When the crack is sufficiently large, the crack velocity becomes limited by the kinetics of crystal growth. The duration of the subcritical regime is determined by two non-dimensional parameters, which relate the kinetics of crack propagation and crystal growth to the supersaturation of the fluid and the elastic properties of the surrounding material.

A. Royne; Paul Meaking; A. Malthe-Sorenssen; B. Jamtveit; D. K. Dysthe

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Support Mechanism in Technopolis Toward Green Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phrase “Green Economy” was first mentioned in ‘Green Economy Blue Book’...by the British economist Pierre published in 1989. Green Economy promotes economic growth, instead of blocking ... at harmonious devel...

Herbert Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Integrated Regulation of Growth and of Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In vivo studies have shown that thyrotropin regulates thyroid growth and function. How TSH is able to exert these dramatic effects is not clear. The last decade has seen such refinements in cell culture system...

Margaret C. Eggo; Gerard N. Burrow

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Ultraslow growth rates of giant gypsum crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in mineral...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in...geological timescale. age anhydrite Chihuahua Mexico cooling crystal growth crystallization...

A. E. S. Van Driessche; J. M. García-Ruíz; K. Tsukamoto; L. D. Patiño-Lopez; H. Satoh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

New Jersey Business Growth Fund (New Jersey)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Creditworthy small or mid-sized companies that are creating or retaining jobs in New Jersey can apply for financing through the New Jersey Business Growth Fund, a joint program of the EDA and PNC...

339

Geothermal Energy Growth Continues, Industry Survey Reports  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A survey released by the Geothermal Energy Association (GEA) shows continued growth in the number of new geothermal power projects under development in the United States, a 20% increase since January of this year.

340

Illusory spirals and loops in crystal growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...spirals and loops in crystal growth 10.1073/pnas.1311637110 Alexander G. Shtukenberg Zina Zhu Zhihua An Misha Bhandari Pengcheng Song Bart Kahr Michael D. Ward Molecular Design Institute and Department of Chemistry, New York University, New York...

Alexander G. Shtukenberg; Zina Zhu; Zhihua An; Misha Bhandari; Pengcheng Song; Bart Kahr; Michael D. Ward

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Ageing, Debt, and Growth Crises: Two Forerunners  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High levels of public debt and frustratingly low growth in Japan and Italy have a common root: an ... chapter follows the reactions of ageing corporations, households, and governments to show that debt crises...

Martin Schulz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Subcritical crack growth in fibrous materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present experiments on the slow growth of a single crack in a fax paper sheet submitted to a constant force $F$. We find that statistically averaged crack growth curves can be described by only two parameters : the mean rupture time $\\tau$ and a characteristic growth length $\\zeta$. We propose a model based on a thermally activated rupture process that takes into account the microstructure of cellulose fibers. The model is able to reproduce the shape of the growth curve, the dependence of $\\zeta$ on $F$ as well as the effect of temperature on the rupture time $\\tau$. We find that the length scale at which rupture occurs in this model is consistently close to the diameter of cellulose microfibrils.

Santucci, Stéphane; Deschanel, Stéphanie; Vanel, Loic; Ciliberto, Sergio

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Rate-dependent morphology of Li2O2 growth in Li-O2 batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact solid discharge products enable energy storage devices with high gravimetric and volumetric energy densities, but solid deposits on active surfaces can disturb charge transport and induce mechanical stress. In this Letter we develop a nanoscale continuum model for the growth of Li2O2 crystals in lithium-oxygen batteries with organic electrolytes, based on a theory of electrochemical non-equilibrium thermodynamics originally applied to Li-ion batteries. As in the case of lithium insertion in phase-separating LiFePO4 nanoparticles, the theory predicts a transition from complex to uniform morphologies of Li2O2 with increasing current. Discrete particle growth at low discharge rates becomes suppressed at high rates, resulting in a film of electronically insulating Li2O2 that limits cell performance. We predict that the transition between these surface growth modes occurs at current densities close to the exchange current density of the cathode reaction, consistent with experimental observations.

Horstmann, B; Mitchell, R; Bessler, W G; Shao-Horn, Y; Bazant, M Z

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Coal combustion products (CCPs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

combustion products (CCPs) combustion products (CCPs) are solid materials produced when coal is burned to generate electricity. Since coal provides the largest segment of U.S. electricity generation (45 percent in 2010), finding a sustainable solution for CCPs is an important environmental challenge. When properly managed, CCPs offer society environmental and economic benefits without harm to public health and safety. Research supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) has made an important contribution in this regard. Fossil Energy Research Benefits Coal Combustion Products Fossil Energy Research Benefits

345

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Biodiesel Production Monthly Biodiesel Production Report November 2013 With Data for September 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Monthly Biodiesel Production Report This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or

346

ClimateWorks-Egypt-Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REDIRECT ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleClimateWorks-Egypt-LowCarbonGrowthPlanningSupport&oldid553606"...

347

Direct Visualization of Initial SEI Morphology and Growth Kinetics...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Initial SEI Morphology and Growth Kinetics During Lithium Deposition by in situ Electrochemical Direct Visualization of Initial SEI Morphology and Growth Kinetics During Lithium...

348

Digital Transfer Growth of Patterned 2D Metal Chalcogenides by...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Energy Digital Transfer Growth of Patterned 2D Metal Chalcogenides by Confined Nanoparticle Evaporation October 28, 2014 (a) Illustration of the digital transfer growth...

349

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GF) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) Name: Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) Address: Assiatisk Plads 2, 1448 Place: Copenhagen, Denmark References:...

350

New Partners for Smart Growth Conference | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

New Partners for Smart Growth Conference is the nation's largest smart growth and sustainability conference. The three-day conference is themed, "Practical Tools and Innovative...

351

Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market This report identifies the bio-fuels and co & Earth Science & Technology ­ University of Hawai`i at Manoa #12;Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co agency thereof. #12;Biomass Derived Energy Products and Co- Products Market and Off-take Study Hawaii

352

This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

will consider. The call on OPEC crude oil is defined as the difference between the global demand for oil and the total supply of non-OPEC oil plus the non-crude oil supply...

353

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

energy crops, natural gas, coal, extra-heavy oil, bitumen (oil sands), and kerogen (oil shale, not to be confused with shale oiltight oil). Includes both OPEC and non-OPEC...

354

TABLE38.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 Nigeria ... 12,322 2,095 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ... 33,173 0 611 60 252 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC...

355

OPEC at high noon 1974-1981  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After 1973, oil consumption stagnated worldwide. Non-OPEC output increased, mostly in Alaska, Mexico, and the North Sea, but not because of the price rise. The cartel nations had to assume the whole burden of cutting back ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Fact #563: March 23, 2009 OPEC Petroleum Imports | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

the 1970's, the U.S. imported more petroleum from OPEC than from non-OPEC countries. The oil embargo in the early 1980's changed that. Though the amount of petroleum imports from...

357

Antimicrobial product and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composition for controlling a plant disease caused by a plant pathogenic bacterium is disclosed. The composition comprises an activity for inhibiting the growth of the plant pathogenic bacterium and is extracted in an aqueous solvent from particles of malted cereal grain. The composition is used either in dry or wet form by application to plant parts, such as potato seed pieces, that are to be protected from the pathogenic bacteria. 6 figs.

Barrett, K.B.

1997-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

358

Antimicrobial product and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composition for controlling a plant disease caused by a plant pathogenic bacterium is disclosed. The composition comprises an activity for inhibiting the growth of the plant pathogenic bacterium and is extracted in an aqueous solvent from particles of malted cereal grain. The composition is used either in dry or wet form by application to plant parts, such as potato seed pieces, that are to be protected from the pathogenic bacteria.

Barrett, Karen B. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction Introduction Collection 5 The MODIS data from the Terra and Aqua satellites are being reprocessed using revised algorithms beginning in September 2006. This new set of MODIS Products is called Collection 5. To view the product changes that took place in going from Collection 4 to Collection 5, please visit the following Web site: http://landweb.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/QA_WWW/newPage.cgi?fileName=MODLAND_C005_changes The ORNL DAAC provides subsets of the Collection 5 MODIS Land Products. Investigators from around the world have shown a great deal of interest in this activity, asking that over 1000 field and flux tower sites be included in Collection 5 subsetting (up from 280 sites for Collection 4 MODIS subsetting). Availability of the Collection 5 Data Products

360

production | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

production production Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 1, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion BTUs, and quantifies the energy prices using U.S. dollars. The data is broken down into total production, imports, exports, consumption, and prices for energy types. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO consumption EIA export import production reference case total energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary - Reference Case (xls, 112.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data for Selected Field Sites (n=1147) Data for Selected Field Sites (n=1147) Obtain MODIS data for areas centered on selected field sites or flux towers from around the world. The goal of the MODIS Subsets for Selected Field Sites is to prepare summaries of selected MODIS Land Products for the community to use for validation of models and remote sensing products and to characterize field sites. Search for data: By Site from a Map Server from Google Earth (Install Google Earth) From FTP site (ASCII) Methods Data products were first subsetted from one or more 1200x1200-km MODIS tiles to 25 x 25-km arrays by the MODIS Science Data Support Team (MODAPS). These products were further subsetted (7x7) and reformatted from their native HDF-EOS to ASCII using version 2.2 of the MODIS Reprojection Tool (MRT) in combination with code developed at the ORNL DAAC.

362

JGI - Product Offerings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Product Offerings Product Offerings Scientific Program Product Brief Description Deliverables FY14 target cycle time (median), days FY14 target cycle time (75th %), days Fungal Minimal Draft Low coverage whole genome shotgun sequencing for evaluation. May turn into a standard draft or improved standard draft. Assembly. Annotation optional (JGI portal); raw data submitted to SRA 250 400 Fungal Resequencing SNP and short indel calls, rearrangement detection, population analysis. Text file of SNPs (incl location in genome, coding/vs non, syn vs non-syn aa change etc) and structural rearrangements, alignment files, tracks for upload to genome browser and fastq files; raw data submitted to SRA 140 200 Fungal Standard Draft Whole genome shotgun sequencing. Exact scope items and quality of finished product depend on genome. Selected genomes will be improved based on feasibility and scientific merit. Assembly, annotation (JGI Portal + Genbank); raw data submitted to SRA 250 400

363

Fundamentals of Designing Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term “design” has many connotations. Essentially it is the process of devising a product that fulfills as completely as possible the total requirements of the user, while satisfying the needs of the fabric...

Dominick V. Rosato P.E.; Donald V. Rosato PH.D.…

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Domestic Uranium Production Report  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6. Employment in the U.S. uranium production industry by category, 2003-13 person-years Year Exploration Mining Milling Processing Reclamation Total 2003 W W W W 117 321 2004 18...

365

Composite production riser assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance of a deep water composite production riser from a system perspective is presented, and its advantages are articulated through comparisons with a typical steel riser under identical service conditions. The composite riser joints...

Kim, Won Ki

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

366

Production of Shale Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intensive pre-project feasibility and engineering studies begun in 1979 have produced an outline plan for development of a major project for production of shale oil from private lands in the Piceance Basin in western Colorado. This outline plan...

Loper, R. D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Energy production from corn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several physical and chemical factors limit the production of biofuels, such as the complex process required for the conversion of plant biomass into ethanol. For example, fossil energy inputs needed for the prod...

Jessica Zhang; Sarah Palmer; David Pimentel

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Hydrogen Production Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As hydrogen appears to be a potential solution for a carbon-free society, its production plays a critical role in showing how well it fulfills the criteria of being environmentally benign and sustainable. Of c...

Ibrahim Dincer; Anand S. Joshi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Hydrogen Production Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Commercially available hydrogen production methods such as steam reforming of natural gas, ... process that are based on fossil hydrocarbons and methods in the stage of development, like thermolysis ... radiolysi...

Y. Yürüm

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Bacterial Fermentative Hydrogen Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Melanie Mormile, Missouri University of Science and Technology, at the Biological Hydrogen Production Workshop held September 24-25, 2013, at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado.

371

Central Versus Distributed Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Central, semi-central, and distributed production facilities are expected to play a role in the evolution and long-term use of hydrogen as an energy carrier. The different resources and processes...

372

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Products Utilization E-mail: ymchun@uwm.edu and F. D. Botha Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute 5776 Coal, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA. 4 Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

373

Geothermal Electricity Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...georef;1974029979 development economics geothermal energy global production...space heating and cooling and water desalination, and (for the long term) to...produLced in thermiial stations. Economics and Rate of Developnment The National...

Geoffrey R. Robson

1974-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

374

Synthetic Nitrogen Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cost for making hydrogen by steam reforming of natural gas depends primarily on the cost of natural gas. Several sources estimate the hydrogen production cost, excluding capital charges (in US$ per million BT...

Gary R. Maxwell

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

%) were used in producing the concrete mixtures. The water to cementitious materials ratio was kept with and without by-products, and soil and groundwater remediation technologies including bioremediation. ACI

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

376

Solar Hydrogen Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The common methods of hydrogen production impose many concerns regarding the decline in...2...emission, and ecological impacts. Subsequently, all the downstream industries that consume hydrogen involve the aforem...

Ibrahim Dincer; Anand S. Joshi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

EIA Drilling Productivity Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Drilling Productivity Report Drilling Productivity Report For Center on Global Energy Policy, Columbia University October 29, 2013 | New York, NY By Adam Sieminski, Administrator The U.S. has experienced a rapid increase in natural gas and oil production from shale and other tight resources Adam Sieminski, EIA Drilling Productivity Report October 29, 2013 2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Rest of US Marcellus (PA and WV) Haynesville (LA and TX) Eagle Ford (TX) Bakken (ND) Woodford (OK) Fayetteville (AR) Barnett (TX) Antrim (MI, IN, and OH) 0.0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0 2.4 2.8 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Eagle Ford (TX) Bakken (MT & ND) Granite Wash (OK & TX) Bonespring (TX Permian) Wolfcamp (TX Permian) Spraberry (TX Permian) Niobrara-Codell (CO) Woodford (OK)

378

PlanforSustainable OrganicGrowth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's infrastructure and productive capacity to create a self sustaining organic farm and a world leading educational

379

Ethanol production from lignocellulose  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention presents a method of improving enzymatic degradation of lignocellulose, as in the production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, through the use of ultrasonic treatment. The invention shows that ultrasonic treatment reduces cellulase requirements by 1/3 to 1/2. With the cost of enzymes being a major problem in the cost-effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, this invention presents a significant improvement over presently available methods.

Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Wood, Brent E. (Gainesville, FL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Pretreated densified biomass products  

SciTech Connect

A product comprising at least one densified biomass particulate of a given mass having no added binder and comprised of a plurality of lignin-coated plant biomass fibers is provided, wherein the at least one densified biomass particulate has an intrinsic density substantially equivalent to a binder-containing densified biomass particulate of the same given mass and h a substantially smooth, non-flakey outer surface. Methods for using and making the product are also described.

Dale, Bruce E; Ritchie, Bryan; Marshall, Derek

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Apparatus for silicon web growth of higher output and improved growth stability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This disclosure describes an apparatus to improve the web growth attainable from prior web growth configurations. This apparatus modifies the heat loss at the growth interface in a manner that minimizes thickness variations across the web, especially regions of the web adjacent to the two bounding dendrites. In the unmodified configuration, thinned regions of web, adjacent to the dendrites, were found to be the origin of crystal degradation which ultimately led to termination of the web growth. According to the present invention, thinning adjacent to the dendrites is reduced and the incidence of crystal degradation is similarly reduced.

Duncan, Charles S. (Penn Hills, PA); Piotrowski, Paul A. (Monroeville, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Grid-based Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid-based Production Grid-based Production Grid-based Production PDSF is a Tier 2 site for ALICE and as such has the infrastructure in place to run automated grid-based ALICE production jobs. The main components of this infrastructure are listed below. Grid-Enabled Storage Elements There are currently a set of 10 servers running XRootD with a total capacity of 720TB. Included in XRootD are the data transfer tools used to transfer the input and output files for the production jobs running at PDSF. In addition to the 10 servers there is also the XRootD redirector which is currently running on pc1801.nersc.gov (pdsf5.nersc.gov). VO Box A VO (Virtual Organization) box is a dedicated node (palicevo1.nersc.gov) that coordinates the production. It runs the grid-monitoring tool MonALISA, the AliEn grid framework software, a Condor-G client and does job

383

IPAA; U. S. oil production to resume long slide  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that although production rose slightly in 1991 in response to the Persian Gulf War, U.S. oil flow will resume its decline this year in downward trend that will persist at least until 2000. The independent Petroleum Association of America's supply/demand committee pegs crude oil production at less than 7.2 million b/d, down 2.9% from 1991 and the lowest level in 30 years. Crude oil production will continue sliding to 5.8 million b/d by 2000, the smallest volume since 1950. U.S. natural gas production will increase to 20.3 tcf by 2000 for a growth rate of almost 2%/year. Natural gas trade will increase, too, with imports rising to 2.7 tcf by 2000, an average of nearly 6%/year. U.S. natural gas exports to northern Mexico also are expected to grow.

Not Available

1992-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

384

Growth of geologic fractures into large-strain populations: review of nomenclature, subcritical crack growth, and some implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growth of geologic fractures into large-strain populations: review of nomenclature, subcritical at the earliest stages of fracture nucleation). Slow, subcritical crack growth in rock is associated

385

New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector August 23, 2012 - 12:20pm Addthis New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

386

Productivity prediction model based on Bayesian analysis and productivity console  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in poor planning and defies effective control of time and budgets in project management. In this research, we have built a productivity prediction model which uses productivity data from an ongoing project to reevaluate the initial productivity estimate...

Yun, Seok Jun

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

387

Intermediate inputs and economic productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...US sectoral-level production functions. Both the...316) and plastics and rubber-(326). The relationship...coefficients of the production function sum to a quantity...inputs were used in the production process. 16 This estimate...products 326 plastics and rubber products 327 non-metallic...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Materials and methods for efficient lactic acid production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides derivatives of ethanologenic Escherichia coli K011 constructed for the production of lactic acid. The transformed E. coli of the invention are prepared by deleting the genes that encode competing pathways followed by a growth-based selection for mutants with improved performance. These transformed E. coli are useful for providing an increased supply of lactic acid for use in food and industrial applications.

Zhou, Shengde (Sycamore, IL); Ingram, Lonnie O'Neal (Gainesville, FL); Shanmugam, Keelnatham T. (Gainesville, FL); Yomano, Lorraine (Gainesville, FL); Grabar, Tammy B. (Gainesville, FL); Moore, Jonathan C. (Gainesville, FL)

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

389

Materials and methods for efficient lactic acid production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides derivatives of Escherichia coli constructed for the production of lactic acid. The transformed E. coli of the invention are prepared by deleting the genes that encode competing pathways followed by a growth-based selection for mutants with improved performance. These transformed E. coli are useful for providing an increased supply of lactic acid for use in food and industrial applications.

Zhou, Shengde; Ingram, Lonnie O'Neal; Shanmugam, Keelnatham T; Yomano, Lorraine; Grabar, Tammy B; Moore, Jonathan C

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

390

Biological control of Rhizoctonia solani in greenhouse bedding plant production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Comm!ttee) (Robert E. Pettit) (Member) (David id. Reed) (Member) "7~+ (Grant Yest) (Head of. Depart tment) Deceriber 1983 ABSTRACT Biological control of Rhizoctonia solani in greenhouse bedding plant production. IDecember 1983) John... iviichael Brown B. S, East Texas State University. Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr . A . E . Nightingale . Isolates of Trichoderma harzianum, T. hamatum, and Gliocladium spp. capable of inhibiting the growth of Rhizoctonia solani, which may cause...

Brown, John Michael

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

India's cement industry: Productivity, energy efficiency and carbon emissions  

SciTech Connect

Historical estimates of productivity growth in India's cement sector vary from indicating an improvement to a decline in the sector's productivity. The variance may be traced to the time period of study, source of data for analysis, and type of indices and econometric specifications used for reporting productivity growth. Analysis shows that in the twenty year period, 1973 to 1993, productivity in the aluminum sector increased by 0.8% per annum. An econometric analysis reveals that technical progress in India's cement sector has been biased towards the use of energy and capital, while it has been material and labor saving. The increase in productivity was mainly driven by a period of progress between 1983 and 1991 following partial decontrol of the cement sector in 1982. The authors examine the current changes in structure and energy efficiency in the sector. Their analysis shows that the Indian cement sector is moving towards world-best technology, which will result in fewer carbon emissions and more efficient energy use. However, substantial further energy savings and carbon reduction potentials still exist.

Schumacher, Katja; Sathaye, Jayant

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

EIA - New Iraqi oil production: How much; how fast?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

New Iraqi oil production: How much; how fast? New Iraqi oil production: How much; how fast? International Energy Outlook 2010 New Iraqi oil production: How much; how fast? Iraq holds a considerable portion of the world's conventional oil reserves, but has been unable to increase oil production substantially in recent years due to conflict and geopolitical constraints. As violence in Iraq has lessened, there has been a concerted effort to increase the country's oil production, both to bolster government revenues and to support wider economic development. Recently, Iraq offered prequalified foreign oil companies two opportunities to bid on designated fields under specific terms of investment. The success of the bidding rounds and the level of interest from foreign companies have raised hopes that oil production could increase substantially over a short period of time, with some Iraqi government officials stating that the country could increase its production to 12 million barrels per day by 2017.[a] Although Iraq has the reserves to support such growth, it will need to overcome numerous challenges in order to raise production to even a fraction of that goal.

393

Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth December 19, 2013 - 11:36am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department released three new reports today showcasing strong growth across the U.S. fuel cell and hydrogen technologies market - continuing America's leadership in clean energy innovation and providing U.S. businesses more affordable, cleaner transportation and power options. According to these reports, the United States continues to be one of the world's largest and fastest growing markets for fuel cell and hydrogen technologies. In 2012, nearly 80 percent of total investment in the global fuel cell industry was made in U.S.

394

Growth factor parametrization in curved space  

SciTech Connect

The growth rate of matter perturbation and the expansion rate of the Universe can be used to distinguish modified gravity and dark energy models in explaining cosmic acceleration. We explore here the inclusion of spatial curvature into the growth factor. We expand previous results using the approximation {omega}{sub m}{sup {gamma}} and then suggest a new form, f{sub a}={omega}{sub m}{sup {gamma}}+({gamma}-4/7){omega}{sub k}, as an approximation for the growth factor when the curvature {omega}{sub k} is not negligible, and where the growth index {gamma} is usually model dependent. The expression recovers the standard results for the curved and flat {lambda}CDM and Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati models. Using the best fit values of {omega}{sub m0} and {omega}{sub k0} to the expansion/distance measurements from Type Ia SNe, baryon acoustic oscillation, WMAP5, and H(z) data, we fit the growth index parameter to current growth factor data and obtain {gamma}{sub {lambda}}({omega}{sub k}{ne}0)=0.65{sub -0.15}{sup +0.17} and {gamma}{sub DGP}({omega}{sub k}{ne}0)=0.53{sub -0.12}{sup +0.14}. For the {lambda}CDM model, the 1-{sigma} observational bounds are found consistent with theoretical value, unlike the case for the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model. We also find that the current data we used is not enough to put significant constraints when the 3 parameters in f{sub a} are fit simultaneously. Importantly, we find that, in the presence of curvature, the analytical expression proposed for f{sub a} provides a better fit to the growth factor than other forms and should be useful for future high precision missions and studies.

Gong Yungui; Ishak, Mustapha; Wang Anzhong [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065 (China) and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China); Department of Physics, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75083 (United States); CASPER, Physics Department, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Journal of Crystal Growth 287 (2006) 402407 Transition metals in photovoltaic-grade ingot-cast multicrystalline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Crystal Growth 287 (2006) 402­407 Transition metals in photovoltaic-grade ingot silicon (mc-Si) ingot casting for cost-effective solar cell wafer production. Highly sensitive to the invited talk ``Transition metals in photovoltaic-grade multicrystalline silicon'' by A.A. Istratov, T

396

Renewable and non-renewable energy consumption and economic growth relationship revisited: Evidence from G7 countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to investigate the long-run and causal relationships between renewable and non-renewable energy consumption and economic growth by using classical and augmented production functions, and making a comparison between renewable and non-renewable energy sources in order to determine which type of energy consumption is more important for economic growth in G7 countries for 1980–2009 period. Autoregressive Distributed Lag approach to cointegration was employed for this purpose. Also, causality among energy consumption and economic growth was investigated by employing a recently developed causality test by Hatemi-J (2012). The long-run estimates showed that either renewable or non-renewable energy consumption matters for economic growth and augmented production function is more effective on explaining the considered relationship. On the other hand, although bidirectional causality is found for all countries in case of classical production function, mixed results are found for each country when the production function is augmented.

Can Tansel Tugcu; Ilhan Ozturk; Alper Aslan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Development of a Commercial Process for the Production of Silicon Carbide Fibrils  

SciTech Connect

A patent was issued on ''VLS'' silicon carbide fibrils to North American Phillips Corporation in 1975. Various laboratories and companies have been attempting to improve this process and scale it to larger quantities since that time. All of these efforts met with minimal success because they were using the original technology while attempting to improve the equipment. The principal impediments have been: (1) Slow crystal growth during fibril production; (2) Sensitive stoichiometry factors in the crystal growth chamber; and (3) Precise control of a high temperature process. The principal investigator has scaled silicon carbide whisker production at American Matrix and the SiC fiber process at Advanced Composite Materials Corporation from grams in the laboratory to tons per year production. This project is a proof-of-concept effort to apply some of the recent technology to the problems listed above in the fibril growth process. Two different technology approaches were investigated. A major problem with fibril growth has been generating a consistent supply of the required SiO gas reactant, which is a product of reducing SiO{sub 2}. The first approach, in this project addresses the SiO gas production, involved mixing silica and carbon fibrous raw materials in the immediate proximity of the graphite fibril growth plates to generate SiO nearer to individual sites of fibril growth. Iron bearing catalyst was painted on the graphite plates and the SiO generator mix was placed above the plate. This system was then heated to 1600/1650 C in a graphite resistance furnace. Some fibrils were started but the growth rate and fibril quality were unacceptably low. A second approach, which uses MTS + H{sub 2} gases to address stoichiometry control, was investigated to improve fibril growth rates while reducing the previous high temperature requirements for the process. A partial vacuum chamber was construct inside a commercial microwave furnace. The fibril growth container was coated with an iron catalyst and brought to 1200 C by the microwave field. A mixture of hydrogen and methyl trichlorosilane gases were fed to the fibril reaction container. Excellent silicon carbide fibrils were produced at a growth rate that was over four times greater than previously reported processes. The next phase of the development will be an optimization of operating parameters to improve fibril yield in the microwave growth process. The development activities will then move to the construction and testing of a pilot unit.

Nixdorf, R.D.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Increasing the productivity of short-rotation Populus plantations. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This final report represents the culmination of eight years of biological research devoted to increasing the productivity of short rotation plantations of Populus trichocarpa and Populus hybrids in the Pacific Northwest. Studies provide an understanding of tree growth, stand development and biomass yield at various spacings, and how patterns differ by Populus clone in monoclonal and polyclonal plantings. Also included is some information about factors related to wind damage in Populus plantings, use of leaf size as a predictor of growth potential, and approaches for estimating tree and stand biomass and biomass growth. Seven research papers are included which provide detailed methods, results, and interpretations on these topics.

DeBell, D.S.; Harrington, C.A.; Clendenen, G.W.; Radwan, M.A.; Zasada, J.C. [Forest Service, Olympia, WA (United States). Pacific Northwest Research Station

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

399

JGI Lab Ergo Products Catalog  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

35 Page 1 of 35 Laboratory Ergonomics Product Arm Supports/Page 2 of 35 Laboratory Ergonomics Product Features/OptionsPage 3 of 35 Laboratory Ergonomics Product SoftEdge Corners

Alexandre, Melanie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Weekly Coal Production Estimation Methodology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weekly Coal Production Estimation Methodology Step 1 (Estimate total amount of weekly U.S. coal production) U.S. coal production for the current week is estimated using a ratio...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Technology's Impact on Production  

SciTech Connect

As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Energy (DOE) - entitled Technology's Impact on Production: Developing Environmental Solutions at the State and National Level - the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has been tasked with assisting state governments in the effective, efficient, and environmentally sound regulation of the exploration and production of natural gas and crude oil, specifically in relation to orphaned and abandoned wells and wells nearing the end of productive life. Project goals include: (1) Developing (a) a model framework for prioritization and ranking of orphaned or abandoned well sites; (b) a model framework for disbursement of Energy Policy Act of 2005 funding; and (c) a research study regarding the current status of orphaned wells in the nation. (2) Researching the impact of new technologies on environmental protection from a regulatory perspective. Research will identify and document (a) state reactions to changing technology and knowledge; (b) how those reactions support state environmental conservation and public health; and (c) the impact of those reactions on oil and natural gas production. (3) Assessing emergent technology issues associated with wells nearing the end of productive life. Including: (a) location of orphaned and abandoned well sites; (b) well site remediation; (c) plugging materials; (d) plug placement; (e) the current regulatory environment; and (f) the identification of emergent technologies affecting end of life wells. New Energy Technologies - Regulating Change, is the result of research performed for Tasks 2 and 3.

Rachel Amann; Ellis Deweese; Deborah Shipman

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

402

Growth factor parametrization and modified gravity  

SciTech Connect

The growth rate of matter perturbation and the expansion rate of the Universe can be used to distinguish modified gravity and dark energy models in explaining the cosmic acceleration. The growth rate is parametrized by the growth index {gamma}. We discuss the dependence of {gamma} on the matter energy density {omega} and its current value {omega}{sub 0} for a more accurate approximation of the growth factor. The observational data, including the data of the growth rate, are used to fit different models. The data strongly disfavor the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model. For the dark energy model with a constant equation of state, we find that {omega}{sub 0}=0.27{+-}0.02 and w=-0.97{+-}0.09. For the {lambda}CDM model, we find that {gamma}=0.64{sub -0.15}{sup +0.17}. For the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model, we find that {gamma}=0.55{sub -0.13}{sup +0.14}.

Gong Yungui [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065 (China)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Journal of Crystal Growth 271 (2004) 128133 Growth of strontium barium niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Crystal Growth 271 (2004) 128­133 Growth of strontium barium niobate: the liquidus. Roth Available online 11 September 2004 Abstract The liquidus­solidus phase diagram of strontium barium, and dielectric properties, strontium barium niobate, SrxBa1�xNb2O6--hen- ceforth denoted as SBN, is one

Osnabrück, Universität

404

Covered Product Categories (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program Energy-Efficient Product Procurement Program and its designated product category list.

Not Available

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Energy Production | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Production Energy Production Below is information about the student activitylesson plan from your search. Grades K-4, 5-8 Subject Energy Choices and Society, Geothermal, Solar,...

406

Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030 Launch  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Today, the Department of Energy kicked off Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030. This initiative supports President Obama’s goal to double our energy productivity by 2030.

407

MTBE Production Economics  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE Production MTBE Production Economics Tancred C. M. Lidderdale Contents 1. Summary 2. MTBE Production Costs 3. Relationship between price of MTBE and Reformulated Gasoline 4. Influence of Natural Gas Prices on the Gasoline Market 5. Regression Results 6. Data Sources 7. End Notes 1. Summary Last year the price of MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) increased dramatically on two occasions (Figure 1) (see Data Sources at end of article.): 1. Between April and June 2000, the price (U.S. Gulf Coast waterborne market) of MTBE rose from $1.00 per gallon to over $1.60 per gallon. This represented an increase in the price premium for MTBE over the wholesale price of conventional gasoline from its normal (1995 though 2000 average) $0.26 per gallon to $0.60 per gallon. The MTBE

408

NREL: Learning - Hydrogen Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Production Production The simplest and most common element, hydrogen is all around us, but always as a compound with other elements. To make it usable in fuel cells or otherwise provide energy, we must expend energy or modify another energy source to extract it from the fossil fuel, biomass, water, or other compound in which it is found. Nearly all hydrogen production in the United States today is by steam reformation of natural gas. This, however, releases carbon dioxide in the process and trades one relatively clean fuel for another, with associated energy loss, so it does little to meet national energy needs. Hydrogen can also be produced by electrolysis-passing an electrical current through water to break it into hydrogen and oxygen-but electrolysis is inefficient and is only as clean

409

A Quantum Production Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The production system is a theoretical model of computation relevant to the artificial intelligence field allowing for problem solving procedures such as hierarchical tree search. In this work we explore some of the connections between artificial intelligence and quantum computation by presenting a model for a quantum production system. Our approach focuses on initially developing a model for a reversible production system which is a simple mapping of Bennett's reversible Turing machine. We then expand on this result in order to accommodate for the requirements of quantum computation. We present the details of how our proposition can be used alongside Grover's algorithm in order to yield a speedup comparatively to its classical counterpart. We discuss the requirements associated with such a speedup and how it compares against a similar quantum hierarchical search approach.

Luís Tarrataca; Andreas Wichert

2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

410

Structuring product development processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes operational frameworks for structuring product development processes. The primary objective of this research is to develop procedures to minimize iterations during the development process which adversely affect development time and costs. Several procedures are introduced to restructure the development process. The computation of the corresponding product development times is facilitated by two Markov models addressing different types of learning. The methodologies are employed to identify a set of managerial concerns in restructuring the product development processes. The developed framework has become an integral part of a re-engineering project for the development of rocket engines at Rocketdyne Division of Rockwell International. Throughout the paper, the methodologies are illustrated with the help of this process.

Reza Ahmadi; Thomas A. Roemer; Robert H. Wang

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Formation of algae growth constitutive relations for improved algae modeling.  

SciTech Connect

This SAND report summarizes research conducted as a part of a two year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project to improve our abilities to model algal cultivation. Algae-based biofuels have generated much excitement due to their potentially large oil yield from relatively small land use and without interfering with the food or water supply. Algae mitigate atmospheric CO2 through metabolism. Efficient production of algal biofuels could reduce dependence on foreign oil by providing a domestic renewable energy source. Important factors controlling algal productivity include temperature, nutrient concentrations, salinity, pH, and the light-to-biomass conversion rate. Computational models allow for inexpensive predictions of algae growth kinetics in these non-ideal conditions for various bioreactor sizes and geometries without the need for multiple expensive measurement setups. However, these models need to be calibrated for each algal strain. In this work, we conduct a parametric study of key marine algae strains and apply the findings to a computational model.

Gharagozloo, Patricia E.; Drewry, Jessica L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Home Fruit Production - Figs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TDOC Z TA245.7 B873 NO.1591 B-1591 Texas Agricultural Extension Service HOM? FRUIT PRODUCTION FIGS LIBRARY SEP 2 7 1988 ( A&M Univer it Texas Agricultural Extension Service. Zerle L. Carpenter, Director. The Texas A&M University System.... College Station, Texas / (Blank Pa.ge -ill Original BBDetial . r .. ; :.' l , ::; .: .? HOME FRUIT PRODUCTION - FIGS Calvin G. Lyons and George Ray McEachern* Figs have been a part of Texas homesteads since the early development of the state...

Lyons, Calvin G.; McEachern, George Ray

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Product sustainability: organisational considerations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper discusses organisational aspects that need to be considered when developing sustainable products, services and product-services. Managing business sustainability, and within it sustainable solutions development, is a complex and evolving issue and there is no bible that effectively helps companies to do this. To progress towards sustainability, there will need to be a clear vision, commitment, objectives and strategy driven from the top. Organisational structures will need to be created that enable learning and change in a dynamic setting. Higher levels of net sustainable value will need to be delivered through more sustainable solutions based on robust management systems, and this will mean innovation (Charter and Clark, 2003).

Martin Charter; Tom Clark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Table 1. U.S. Biodiesel Production Capacity and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Production Capacity and Production Biodiesel Production Capacity and Production (million gallons) Period 2011 January 2,114 35 February 2,104 40 March 2,081 60 April 2,101 71 May 2,064 77 June 2,069 81

415

Weekly Coal Production by State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Weekly Coal Production Weekly Coal Production Data for week ended: December 14, 2013 | Release date: December 19, 2013 | Next release date: December 30, 2013 For the week ended December 14, 2013: U.S. coal production totaled approximately 18.9 million short tons (mmst) This production estimate is 3.1% higher than last week's estimate and 2.9% lower than the production estimate in the comparable week in 2012 Coal production east of the Mississippi River totaled 8.2 mmst Coal production west of the Mississippi River totaled 10.8 mmst U.S. year-to-date coal production totaled 957.1 mmst, 1.9% lower than the comparable year-to-date coal production in 2012 EIA revises its weekly estimates of state-level coal production using Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) quarterly coal production data.

416

Population Growth, (Per Capita) Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Uganda: A brief Summary of Theory and Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Population Growth, (Per Capita) Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Uganda: A brief Summary: This note examines the link between population and per capita economic growth in Uganda. After showing that Uganda has one of the highest population growth rates in the world which, due to the inherent demographic

Krivobokova, Tatyana

417

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Growth, CO2 consumption and H2 production of Anabaena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and renewable energy sources. Hydrogen, for use in fuel cells, is considered to be an attractive alternative of easily accessible fossil fuel resources are calling for effective CO2 mitigation technologies and clean by cultivation of cyanobacteria in photobioreactors offers a clean and renewable alternative to thermochemical

Pilon, Laurent

418

Sectoral Productivity Growth and R&D Spillovers in the Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper assesses empirically whether R&D spillovers are important and whether they originate from domestic or foreign activities. Data for eleven sectors are used to explain the impact on total factor producti...

Bas Jacobs; Richard Nahuis; Paul J.G. Tang

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Production of 3-Nitrosoindole Derivatives by Escherichia coli during Anaerobic Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sodium nitrate, it produces red compounds. The reaction requires...17 Demple, B., F. T. Gates III, and S. Linn. 1980...Walker, W. Siede, R. D. Wood, R. A. Schultz, and T...Lett. 49: 2476-2478. 21 Gates III, F. T., and S. Linn...

Young-Man Kwon; Bernard Weiss

2009-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

420

Unidentified growth factors in the diet of chicks reared under commercial broiler production conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PpOM rt CdO SMMLCLPK Pe OLCdOu BPKMOKWOM eLWd WPAHrAOW Pu MuLOM odOt CP CdO rSWSA MLOCN vHuCdOu LmiuPpOmOKC MLM KPC uOWHAC odOK CdOWO WHiiAOmOKCW oOuO SMMOM LK BPmrLKSCLPK Pu odOK CdO eOumOKCSCLPK iuPMHBC oSW SMMOM LK CdO iuOWOKBO Pe MuLOM odOt SKM...PpOM rt CdO SMMLCLPK Pe OLCdOu BPKMOKWOM eLWd WPAHrAOW Pu MuLOM odOt CP CdO rSWSA MLOCN vHuCdOu LmiuPpOmOKC MLM KPC uOWHAC odOK CdOWO WHiiAOmOKCW oOuO SMMOM LK BPmrLKSCLPK Pu odOK CdO eOumOKCSCLPK iuPMHBC oSW SMMOM LK CdO iuOWOKBO Pe MuLOM odOt SKM...

Camp, Arthur A.

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

BAROCLINIC VORTICITY PRODUCTION IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS. II. VORTEX GROWTH AND LONGEVITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the surface. Thus, the potential energy of the tilted isopycnals is converted into the kinetic energy and ocean convert the potential energ cooling, high thermal dif- fusion, and large radial temperature gradients in the background temperature

Julien, Keith

422

Studies of Emittance Growth and Halo Particle Production in Intense Charged Particle Beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-gradient transport systems. · Applications: Accelerator systems for high energy and nuclear physics applications and Phase Advance Characterize the Motion ­ Emittance is a Measure of Beam Quality Here, the vacuum phase

Gilson, Erik

423

World economic growth pushing LNG use  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas, especially liquefied (LNG), is in position to participate in the energy growth now being triggered by strong worldwide economic growth, increasingly open markets, and expanding international trade. Natural gas is abundant, burns cleanly, and is highly efficient in combined-cycle, gas-turbine power plants. Moreover, the comparative remoteness of much of the resource base to established and emerging markets can make LNG a compelling processing and transportation alternative. Discussed here are the resource distribution and emerging market opportunities that can make LNG attractive for monetizing natural-gas reserves.

Brown, R.L. [Mobil Oil Corp., Fairfax, VA (United States); Clary, R. [Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States)

1997-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

424

Bimodal Island Size Distribution in Heteroepitaxial Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A bimodal size distribution of two-dimensional islands is inferred during interface formation in heteroepitaxial growth of bismuth ferrite on (001) oriented SrTiO3 by sputter deposition. Features observed by in situ x-ray scattering are explained by a model where coalescence of islands determines the growth kinetics with negligible surface diffusion on SrTiO3. Small clusters maintain a compact shape as they coalesce, while clusters beyond a critical size impinge to form large irregular connected islands and a population of smaller clusters forms in the spaces between the larger ones.

P.?V. Chinta and R.?L. Headrick

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

425

Direct growth of graphene on Si(111)  

SciTech Connect

Due to the need of integrated circuit in the current silicon technology, the formation of graphene on Si wafer is highly desirable, but is still a challenge for the scientific community. In this context, we report the direct growth of graphene on Si(111) wafer under appropriate conditions using an electron beam evaporator. The structural quality of the material is investigated in detail by reflection high energy electron diffraction, Auger electron spectroscopy, X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, high resolution scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy. Our experimental results confirm that the quality of graphene is strongly dependent on the growth time during carbon atoms deposition.

Thanh Trung, Pham, E-mail: phamtha@fundp.ac.be; Joucken, Frédéric; Colomer, Jean-François; Robert, Sporken [Research Center in Physics of Matter and Radiation (PMR), University of Namur (FUNDP), 61 Rue de Bruxelles, 5000 Namur (Belgium); Campos-Delgado, Jessica; Raskin, Jean-Pierre [Electrical Engineering (ELEN), Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Electronics and Applied Mathematics (ICTEAM), Université catholique de Louvain UCL, 3 place du Levant, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Hackens, Benoît; Santos, Cristiane N. [Nanoscopic physics (NAPS), Institute of Condensed Matter and Nanosciences (IMCN), Université catholique de Louvain UCL, 2 chemin du Cyclotron, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)

2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

426

Crop Productivity and Photoassimilate Partitioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...HARVEST INDEX OF CEREALS AS AGRONOMIC AND...SPECIES-DIFFERENCES IN SEED GROWTH-CHARACTERISTICS...AND CARBOHYDRATE-METABOLISM IN SOURCE LEAVES...GROWTH AND YIELD OF CEREALS, JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL...IN REGULATION OF STARCH FORMATION IN LEAVES...PHOTOSYNTHATE UNLOADING FROM SEED COATS OF PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS...

Roger M. Gifford; J. H. Thorne; W. D. Hitz; Robert T. Giaquinta

1984-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

427

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentations Presentations Web and Web Services based tool that provides Subsets and Visualization of MODIS land products to facilitate land validation and field site characterization. S.K. Santhana Vannan; R. B. Cook; B. E. Wilson. AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 14-18 2009 MODIS Land Product Subsets,S.K. Santhana Vannan; R. B. Cook. November, 2009 MODIS Web Service, S.K. Santhana Vannan. ORNL DAAC UWG Meeting, May 2009 Subsetting Tools for MODIS Land Products: Time-series data for field sites, R. B. Cook, S. M. Margle, S. K. Santhana Vannan, S. K. Holladay, and T. W. Beaty. Global Vegetation Workshop, Missoula MT, August 8-10, 2006 MODIS ASCII Subsets, R. B. Cook. May 2006 Subsets of Remote Sensing Products for AmeriFlux Sites: MODIS ASCII Subsets, AmeriFlux Annual Meeting, R. B. Cook, S. M. Margle, S. K. Holladay, F. A. Heinsch, and C. B. Schaaf. October 5-7, 2004, Boulder, Colorado

428

Domestic Uranium Production Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2. U.S. uranium mine production and number of mines and sources, 2003-2012 2. U.S. uranium mine production and number of mines and sources, 2003-2012 Production / Mining Method 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Underground (estimated contained thousand pounds U3O8) W W W W W W W W W W Open Pit (estimated contained thousand pounds U3O8) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 In-Situ Leaching (thousand pounds U3O8) W W 2,681 4,259 W W W W W W Other1 (thousand pounds U3O8) W W W W W W W W W W Total Mine Production (thousand pounds U3O8) E2,200 2,452 3,045 4,692 4,541 3,879 4,145 4,237 4,114 4,335 Number of Operating Mines Underground 1 2 4 5 6 10 14 4 5 6 Open Pit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 In-Situ Leaching 2 3 4 5 5 6 4 4 5 5 Other Sources1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1

429

Cost Containment and Productivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost Containment and Productivity Faculty Assembly Presentation January 22, 2013 Arthur G. Ramicone, CFO David N. DeJong, Vice Provost, Academic Planning and Resources Management #12;Cost Containment Resources to Enhance the Student Experience · Reduce the Cost and Complexity of Administrative Operations

Jiang, Huiqiang

430

Chemical Signals Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Signals · Types · Production · Transmission · Reception · Reading: Ch 10 except boxes 10.1 and 10.2 #12;What is chemical communication? · Movement of molecules from sender to receiver · Methods compounds are volatile. - 5-20 carbon compounds - carbon (MW=12) + hydrogen is less dense than oxygen (MW

Wilkinson, Gerald S.

431

Ecoefficiency in consumer products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...resulted from the systematic review of all of our product...weight compared to the standard bottle. Even seemingly...system is based on a standard footprint for packs which...pack sizes has become standard at S. C. Johnson Wax...integrated within the business plan and will then be reflected...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ECONOMICAL SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, Yoon-moon Chun, Fethullah Canpolat #12;USE OF FLY ASH AND LIMESTONE QUARRY BY-PRODUCTS FOR DEVELOPING ECONOMICAL SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE material in the development of economical self-compacting concrete (SCC). Class C fly ash was also used

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

433

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE (SCC) OR SELF- LEVELING CONCRETE (SLC - MILWAUKEE #12;2 SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE (SCC) OR SELF ­LEVELING CONCRETE (SLC) INTRODUCTION Self-compacting as the concrete which can be placed and compacted into every corner of a form work, purely by means of its self

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

434

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, Yoon-moon Chun, Fethullah Canpolat ECONOMICAL SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE by Tarun R. Naik* , Rudolph N. Kraus** , Yoon-moon Chun*** , Fethullah of limestone-quarry by-product material in the development of economical self-compacting concrete (SCC). Class

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

435

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ash. Paving applications, such as Roller Compacted Concrete for industrial plants, parking lots be used in Self-Consolidating Concrete applications. This type of concrete requires additional fines that concrete Bricks, Blocks, and Paving Stones can also be made with the Corn Products' coal ash. Additionally

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

436

Air Products effective way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PE O A e s a b O T A O ENNST Overview Air Products effective way standard me Departm Shipping has recently y of shipping eans. Air Pro ontainer that es of this pro onduct mark eep accelera eep the cost tilize widely a earch and m m visited Air er needs wer model was cr m approache ms

Demirel, Melik C.

437

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI and Ronald H. Carty Director Illinois Clean Coal Institute Carterville, IL ABSTRACT, Naik and Singh [16] summarized various applications of fly ash generated from conventional and clean coal technologies. Uses of coal combustion by- products can be categorized into three classes: high-volum

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

438

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of coal in conventional and/ or advanced clean coal technology combustors. These include fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) by-products from advanced clean coal technology clean coal technology combustors. Over 60% of the CCBs are generated as fly ash. An estimate

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

439

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shrinkage; durability; freezing and thawing; recycling; sludge; wastewater treatment; wood cellulose fibersCenter for By-Products Utilization RECYCLING OF PULP AND PAPER MILL RESIDUALS TO INCREASE FREEZING College of Engineering and Applied Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;Recycling of Pulp

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

440

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization GREENER CONCRETE FROM WOOD FLY ASH AND COAL FLY ASH By Tarun R CONCRETE FROM WOOD FLY ASH AND COAL FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, Shiw S. Singh, Lori-Lynn C mixtures were developed using blends of wood FA and Class C coal FA. Two levels of blended ash

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,and Bruce W. Ramme CBU-1996-08 REP-283 July 1996 Presented andPublished at the American Coal Ash Association's Twelfth International Coal Ash Use Symposium,Orlando,FL,January 26-30, 1997. Department of Civil-sulfurcoal combustionby-products generated by using both conventional and clean coal technologies. A clean coal ash

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

442

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-specification ash generated from the combustion of high- sulfure coal. The coal combustion products used of the project indicate that high-carbon coal ash can be successfully used in porous base course applications is a Research Associate at the UWM-CBU. His research interests include the use of coal fly ash, coal bottom ash

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

443

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLASS F FLY ASH AND CLEAN-COAL ASH BLENDS FOR CAST Report No.CBU-1996-07 July 1996 Presented and Published at the American Coal Ash Association's Twelfth International Coal Ash Use Symposium, Orlando, FL, January 26-30, 1997. Department of Civil Engineering

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

444

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization GREENER CONCRETE FROM WOOD FLY ASH AND COAL FLY ASH By Tarun R OF WISCONSIN­MILWAUKEE #12;1 GREENER CONCRETE FROM WOOD FLY ASH AND COAL FLY ASH Synopsis: This investigation coal FA. Two levels of blended ash of approximately 25% and 35% were used. The effect of source of wood

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

445

Production of Synthetic Rubber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the Society of Chemical Industry. It has long been the desire of chemists to synthesise rubber by a method which would permit of cheap ... by a method which would permit of cheap production on a large scale, and very many attempts have been made to do this. ...

1912-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

446

Covered Product Category: Computers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including computers, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR® program. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

447

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a combination with a number of fuels including coal, petroleum coke, natural gas, etc. In the mid 1990s, the unit was firing a combination of coal and petroleum coke to generate energy. It has been established;1 PROJECT 1 - COAL COMBUSTION BY-PRODUCTS: CHARACTERIZATION AND USE OPTIONS Introduction An AFBC system

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

448

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wood with supplementary fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, and coke by pulp and paper mills and wood, knots, chips, etc. with other supplementary fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, and coke to generateCenter for By-Products Utilization DEVELOPMENT OF CLSM USING COAL ASH AND WOOD ASH, A SOURCE OF NEW

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

449

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with supplementary fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, and coke by pulp and paper mills and wood, such as bark, twigs, knots, chips, etc. with other supplementary fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, and cokeCenter for By-Products Utilization CLSM CONTAINING MIXTURES OF COAL ASH AND A NEW POZZOLANIC

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

450

Comparative study of mycelial growth and basidiomata formation in seven different species of the edible mushroom genus Hericium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The potential of using several agricultural by-products as supplements of sawdust substrate for the production of edible mushroom Hericium was evaluated using seven Hericium species. All the tested supplements (rice bran, wheat bran, barley bran, Chinese cabbage, egg shell, and soybean powder) were found to be suitable for the mycelial growth of all the tested species. In mycelial growth, soybean powder was the best supplement for Hericium americanum, Hericium coralloides, and Hericium erinaceum while barley bran was the best for Hericium alpestre, Hericium laciniatum, and Hericium erinaceus. For Hericium abietis, rice bran and Chinese cabbage was the best. The possibility of mushroom production on oak sawdust substrate with 20% rice bran supplement was demonstrated with H. coralloides, H. americanum, H. erinaceus, and H. erinaceum which showed 26–70% biological efficiency. Our results also showed that strain selection is important to improve biological efficiency and mushroom yield in Hericium cultivation.

Han Gyu Ko; Hyuk Gu Park; Sang Ho Park; Chang Won Choi; Seong Hwan Kim; Won Mok Park

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Biomass production of trees and grasses in a silvopasture system on marginal lands of Doon Valley of north-west India 2. Performance of grass species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a long-term study (1980 to 1993), the survival, growth performance and biomass production of two grass species viz. Chrysopogon fulvus (Spreng.) Chiov. and Eulaliopsis binata (Retz.) C.E. Hubb. were assessed w...

J. S. Samra; M. K. Vishwanatham; A. R. Sharma

452

Hydrogen Production Infrastructure Options Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on hydrogen production and infrastructure options presented at the DOE Transition Workshop.

453

2 - Products Using Vacuum Deposited Coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Most of the vacuum coating done is thin metal coating for packaging applications covering many aspects of packaging. The metal coatings can be bright and highly reflective providing more advertising impact than metallic inks, which are duller. The metalized polymer webs can be used directly by heat sealing, laminated to other webs, or have the metallic layer transferred onto other surfaces by a stamping process. These and other variations make the aluminized film very versatile as a packaging material. The more important feature of the metal coating is that it provides a barrier performance against oxygen, water, and light. The barrier performance of the metal thin film depends on the thickness of the coating and the cleanliness of the coating. The use of lacquers or transparent colored inks enables metalized papers to be overprinted and used to make more reflective printed products than can be achieved by metallic inks. Many of these applications of metalized paper are purely esthetic. Holograms are bright, usually reflective, patterns or images that are used as decorative packaging and/or as security devices. Where holograms are used for packaging, they can be in the form of a small area integrated into the pack design or as a patterned background to the whole pack. This chapter provides examples of a large variety of products that make use of vacuum deposited coatings onto flexible substrates. Some of these may not be obvious to the users. The products range from flexible packaging, capacitors, pyrotechnics, flake fillers for paints and inks, holographic devices, transparent conducting coatings, thin film batteries, electronic circuits through to the current high market growth products such as displays, photovoltaics (solar cells), and high barrier coatings.

Charles A. Bishop

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Bioclimatology Water deficits during reproductive growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the deficiency was removed. Total water used efficiency (TWUE), as dry matter: water use (DM:WU) and water use efficiency (WUE); as seed yield: water use (SY:WU), were significantly higher for the second year. A timeBioclimatology Water deficits during reproductive growth of soybeans. II. Water use and water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

455

The Henley Accelerator supports ambitious high growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a business in the 5-6% of SMEs that are on a high growth trajectory. Typically these businesses will have and Technology Centre, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6BZ Tel: 0118 935 7115 Email

Reading, University of

456

SOME SOIL FACTORS AFFECTING TREE GROWTH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of gravity. Hence permeability to water ranks high...quality for tree growth. Permeability to water depends both...considered the chief reservoir for water held against...good criterion of its permeability. Moreover, the relation...to non-capillary porosity appears to be exponential...

ROBT. M. SALTER

1940-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

457

Growth Of Oriented Crystals At Polymerized Membranes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to methods and compositions for the growth and alignment of crystals at biopolymeric films. The methods and compositions of the present invention provide means to generate a variety of dense crystalline ceramic films, with totally aligned crystals, at low temperatures and pressures, suitable for use with polymer and plastic substrates.

Charych, Deborah H. (Albany, CA), Berman, Amir (Ben-Shiva, IL)

2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

458

Growth Versus Government Management Improvement During  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, we find that the growth rate of GDP per capita, g, decreases with p, and increases with DGCI. Further 33% of govern- ment employees has increased its GDP per capita by approximately 4% (corrected and Thermal Energy Science, School of Physical Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 200092, Shanghai

Podobnik, Boris

459

Influence of Light on Plant Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A JOINT symposium on the influence of light on plant growth arranged by the Association of Applied Biologists and the Horticultural Education Association ... the chrysanthemum. In short-day plants, providing that they have first been exposed to light of high intensity, flowering is determined by exposure to dark periods of more than ...

D. VINCE

1957-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

460

Nanoscale Growth Twins in Sputtered Copper Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................................................. 7 I.1.3. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) .................................... 8 I.2. Fabrication of copper thin films .................................................... 12... to the exposure of the film growth surface to the solution, impurities may be introduced. I.1.3. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) CVD is a chemical process used to produce high-purity, high-performance thin films and often used in the semiconductor industry...

Anderoglu, Osman

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-opec production growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

LIMITS TO GROWTH AND STOCHASTICS Nicolas Bouleau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to acknowledge that the impact of the economy on the environment is not a result of temperance or mitigation of natural variations but rather that the economy itself ­ in addition to the underlying trends due to growth the context for our main discussion. I. On the Rome report: simple models and their refinements The issue

Boyer, Edmond

462

Category:Production Wells | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Production Wells page? For detailed information on Production Wells, click here. Category:Production Wells Add.png Add a new Production Wells Technique Pages in category...

463

Hydrogen Production Fact Sheet | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Production Fact Sheet Hydrogen Production Fact Sheet Fact sheet produced by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office describing hydrogen production. Hydrogen Production More Documents &...

464

EIA - Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Low Economic Growth Case Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Low Economic Growth Case

465

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Growth of Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources

466

Energy scarcity and economic growth reconsidered  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis in this paper is concerned with the effect of energy scarcity on economic growth in the United States. After defining the notion of scarcity and introducing two measures of scarcity - unit costs and relative energy price - changes in the trend in resource scarcity for natural gas, bituminous coals, anthracite coal, and crude oil over the most recent three decades are investigated. Each of the energy resources became significantly more scarce resources during the decade of the 1970s in the Malthusian Stock Scarcity and Malthusian Flow Scarcity sense. Unit costs exhibit a similar change for natural gas and crude oil but not for bituminous coal and anthracite coal. The situation reversed itself during the 1980s. Natural gas, bituminous coal, anthracite coal, and crude oil all became significantly less scarce resources during the decade of the 1980s than they had been during the 1970s. That is, the increase in scarcity as measured by relative energy prices observed during the decade of the) 1970s was not reversed completely during the 1980s for natural gas and crude oil. Unit costs for natural gas and crude oil demonstrate analogous patterns and test results. Given that change has taken place, it has implications for future economic growth to the extent resource scarcity and economic growth are interrelated. To see whether this is a relevant concern, subsequent to the examination of changing resource scarcity trends, an objective effort is made to identify a long run equilibrium relationship between energy scarcity and economic growth. Relying on cointegration techniques, only for crude oil is there a suggestion that resource scarcity has affected economic growth in the United States over the period 1889-1992.

Noel D. Uri

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Subsetting and Visualization Tool Global Subsetting and Visualization Tool The Global Subsetting and Visualization Tool provides customized subsets of MODIS Land products in ASCII format on demand for any location on Earth. Users select a site (either from a picklist or by entering the site's geographic coordinates) and the area surrounding that site, from one pixel up to 201 x 201 km. The tool is expected to take up to 60 minutes to complete the processing, and the tool will send you an email message containing the URL where you can access the output. The tool provides time series plots of the measurement, an ASCII file of the pixel values for the selected product along with quality information, average and standard deviations for the area selected, and a file that can be imported directly into GIS software. In addition we provide a land cover grid (IGBP classification) of the area, along with an estimate of heterogeneity (Shannon richness and evenness).

468

Quarkonium Production in PHENIX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quarkonia provide a sensitive probe of the properties of the hot dense medium created in high energy heavy ion collisions. Hard scattering processes result in the production of heavy quark pairs that interact with the collision medium during hadronization. These in medium interactions convey information about the fundamental properties of the medium itself and can be used to examine the modification of the QCD confining potential in the collision environment. Baseline measurements from the d+Au and p+p collision systems can be used to distinguish cold nuclear matter effects while measurements from heavy ion collision systems, Au+Au and Cu+Cu, can be used to quantify in-medium effects. PHENIX results for the production of the $J/\\psi$ for a diverse set of collision systems and energies and for the $\\Upsilon$ in p+p collisions are presented.

Abigail Bickley; for the PHENIX Collaboration

2007-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

469

Product Efficiency Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

product-efficiency-cases Office of Hearings and product-efficiency-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en EXC-13-0004 - In the Matter of Liebherr Canada Ltd. http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/exc-13-0004-matter-liebherr-canada-ltd EXC-13-0004 - In the Matter of Liebherr Canada Ltd.

470

LENNOX HEARTH PRODUCTS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LENNOX LENNOX HEARTH PRODUCTS April 1, 2011 Mr. Daniel Cohen U.S. Department of Energy Assistant General Council for Legislation, Regulation and Energy Efficiency Office of the General Counsel 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 RE: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Mr. Cohen: Lennox Hearth Products (LHP) is hereby responding to the Department of Energy's (DOE's) request for information - published at 76 Fed. Reg. 6123 (February 3, 2011) - seeking comment and information to assist the DOE in reviewing its existing regulations to determine whether such regulations should be modified or repealed pursuant to Executive Order 13563 ("Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review," issued by President Obama on January 18, 2011). LHP is a leading manufacturer of indoor and outdoor fireplaces, fireplace inserts, free-standing stoves, gas log

471

Domestic Uranium Production Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. Summary production statistics of the U.S. uranium industry, 1993-2012 9. Summary production statistics of the U.S. uranium industry, 1993-2012 Item 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 E2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Exploration and Development Surface Drilling (million feet) 1.1 0.7 1.3 3.0 4.9 4.6 2.5 1.0 0.7 W W 1.2 1.7 2.7 5.1 5.1 3.7 4.9 6.3 7.2 Drilling Expenditures (million dollars)1 5.7 1.1 2.6 7.2 20.0 18.1 7.9 5.6 2.7 W W 10.6 18.1 40.1 67.5 81.9 35.4 44.6 53.6 66.6 Mine Production of Uranium (million pounds U3O8) 2.1 2.5 3.5 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.5 3.0 4.7 4.5 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.3 Uranium Concentrate Production (million pounds U3O8) 3.1 3.4 6.0 6.3 5.6 4.7 4.6 4.0 2.6 2.3 2.0 2.3 2.7 4.1 4.5 3.9 3.7 4.2 4.0 4.1

472

Joined ceramic product  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

According to the present invention, a joined product is at least two ceramic parts, specifically bi-element carbide parts with a bond joint therebetween, wherein the bond joint has a metal silicon phase. The bi-element carbide refers to compounds of MC, M.sub.2 C, M.sub.4 C and combinations thereof, where M is a first element and C is carbon. The metal silicon phase may be a metal silicon carbide ternary phase, or a metal silicide.

Henager, Jr., Charles W [Kennewick, WA; Brimhall, John L. (West Richland, WA) [West Richland, WA

2001-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

473

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF FBC ASH AND PONDED COAL-ASH IN READY-MIXED CONCRETE #12;Naik, Kraus, Chun, & Botha Use of FBC ash and Ponded Coal-Ash in Ready-Mixed Concrete 1 MS# M8-60. FINAL. October 2005. Use of FBC Ash and Ponded Coal-Ash in Ready-Mixed Concrete by Tarun R. Naik

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

474

Thermodynamics of clan production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scenarios for particle production in the GeV and TeV regions are reviewed. The expected increase with the c.m. energy of the average number of clans for the soft component and the decrease for the semihard one indicate possible classical and quantum behavior of gluons, respectively. Clan thermodynamics, discussed in the paper, appears as the natural framework to deal with such phenomena.

Alberto Giovannini; Sergio Lupia; Roberto Ugoccioni

2002-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

475

Weekly Refiner Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Net Production Refiner Net Production (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product/Region 11/08/13 11/15/13 11/22/13 11/29/13 12/06/13 12/13/13 View History Finished Motor Gasoline 2,168 2,300 2,336 2,359 2,462 2,368 2010-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 54 53 52 67 71 67 2010-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 696 745 722 711 798 790 2010-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 891 916 1,010 1,053 1,011 1,021 2010-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 260 248 245 232 279 235 2010-2013 West Coast (PADD 5) 268 338 308 296 302 255 2010-2013 Reformulated 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Blended with Ethanol 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Other

476

Fuel Ethanol Oxygenate Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Product: Fuel Ethanol Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether Merchant Plants Captive Plants Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Product: Fuel Ethanol Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether Merchant Plants Captive Plants Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 27,197 26,722 26,923 26,320 25,564 27,995 1981-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 628 784 836 842 527 636 2004-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 25,209 24,689 24,786 24,186 23,810 26,040 2004-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 523 404 487 460 431 473 2004-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 450 432 430 432 415 429 2004-2013 West Coast (PADD 5)

477

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Method Used to Calculate Albedo from the MODIS Albedo Model Parameter Product MCD43A1 Method Used to Calculate Albedo from the MODIS Albedo Model Parameter Product MCD43A1 Albedo MCD43A The ALBEDO data are based on the Terra and Aqua(Combined) MODIS BRDF / Albedo Model Parameter Product (MCD43A1). The primary BRDF model parameters from MCD43A1 are used in the following equations to calculate Black-sky, white-sky, and actual (blue-sky) albedo. We have used a solar zenith angle (szn) equal to local solar noon and an optical depth of 0.2 as default values in calculating these data files. Black-sky Albedo = Parameters_01 + Parameters_02 * (-0.007574 + (-0.070987 * szn2) + (0.307588 * szn3)) + Parameters_03 * (-1.284909 + (-0.166314 * szn2) + (0.041840 * szn3)) White-sky Albedo = Parameters_01 + Parameters_02 * (0.189184) + Parameters_03 * (-1.377622)

478

Human capital composition, growth and development: an R&D growth model versus data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of human capital composition on growth and development has been somewhat neglected in economic literature. However, evidence has suggested the importance of engineering and technical (high-tech) ski...

Tiago Neves Sequeira

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Inflation uncertainty, growth uncertainty, oil prices, and output growth in the UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the transmission and response of inflation uncertainty and output uncertainty on inflation and output growth in the UK using a bi-variate EGARCH model. Results suggest that inflation uncertain...

Ramprasad Bhar; Girijasankar Mallik

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Dominance testing for ‘pro-poor’ growth with an application to European growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article introduces statistical testing procedures to evaluate ‘pro-poor’ growth. Our measure of ‘pro-poorness’ follows Kakwani (J Quant Econ 16(1):67–...2000), Kakwani and Pernia (Asian Dev Rev 18(1...2000),...

Daniel Sotelsek-Salem; Ismael Ahamdanech-Zarco; John A. Bishop

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Sunforce Products | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sunforce Products Sunforce Products Jump to: navigation, search Name Sunforce Products Place Saint-Laurent, Quebec, Canada Zip H4N 2G3 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Manufacturer and distributor of solar and wind power generation and battery charging products. References Sunforce Products[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Sunforce Products is a company located in Saint-Laurent, Quebec, Canada . References ↑ "Sunforce Products" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Sunforce_Products&oldid=351792" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

482

Growth of longleaf and loblolly pine planted on South Carolina Sandhill sites.  

SciTech Connect

Performance of longleaf (Pinus palustris Mill.) and loblolly pine (P. taeda L.) were compared 15–19 years after outplanting on 10 different sites in the sandhillsof South Carolina. The study was established from 1988 to 1992 with bareroot seedlings artificially inoculated with Pisolithus tinctorius (Pt) or naturally inoculated with mycorrhizae in the nursery. A containerized longleaf pine treatment with and without Pt inoculation was added to two sites in 1992. Effects of the Pt nursery treatment were mixed, with a decrease in survival of bareroot longleaf pine on two sites and an increase in survival on another site. The containerized longleaf pine treatment substantially increased survival, which led to greater volume compared with bareroot longleaf pine. Loblolly pine yielded more volume than longleaf pine on all sites but one, where survival was negatively affected by fire. Depth of sandy surface horizon affected mean annual height growth of both loblolly and longleaf pine. Height growth per year decreased with an increase in sand depth for both species. Multiple regression analysis of volume growth(ft3/ac per year) for both species indicated a strong relationship to depth of sandy soil and survival. After 15–19 years, loblolly pine has been more productive than longleaf pine, although longleaf pine productivity may be equal to or greater than that of loblolly pine on the soils with the deepest sandy surface layers over longer rotations.

Cram, Michelle, M.; Outcalt, Kenneth, W.; Zarnoch, Stanley, J.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Characterization of Clostridium thermocellum strains with disrupted fermentation end-product pathways  

SciTech Connect

Clostridium thermocellum is a thermophilic, cellulolytic anaerobe that is a candidate microorganism for industrial biofuels production. Strains with mutations in genes associated with production of L-lactate (Dldh) and/or acetate (Dpta) were characterized to gain insight into the intracellular processes that convert cellobiose to ethanol and other fermentation end-products. Cellobiose-grown cultures of the Dldh strain had identical biomass accumulation, fermentation end-products, transcription profile, and intracellular metabolite concentrations compared to its parent strain (DSM1313 Dhpt Dspo0A). The Dpta-deficient strain grew slower and had 30 % lower final biomass concentration compared to the parent strain, yet produced 75% more ethanol. A Dldh Dpta double-mutant strain evolved for faster growth had a growth rate and ethanol yield comparable to the parent strain, whereas its biomass accumulation was comparable to Dpta. Free amino acids were secreted by all examined strains, with both Dpta strains secreting higher amounts of alanine, valine, isoleucine, proline, glutamine, and threonine. Valine concentration for Dldh Dpta reached 5 mM by the end of growth, or 2.7 % of the substrate carbon utilized. These secreted amino acid concentrations correlate with increased intracellular pyruvate concentrations, up to sixfold in the Dpta and 16-fold in the Dldh Dpta strain. We hypothesize that the deletions in fermentation end-product pathways result in an intracellular redox imbalance, which the organism attempts to relieve, in part by recycling NADP* through increased production of amino acids.

Van Der Veen, Douwe [ORNL; Lo, Jonathan [Dartmouth College; Brown, Steven D [ORNL; Johnson, Courtney M [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Martin, Madhavi Z [ORNL; Engle, Nancy L [ORNL; Van den Berg, Robert A [Katholieke University Leuven, Belgium; Argyros, Aaron [Mascoma Corporation; Caiazza, Nicky [Mascoma Corporation; Guss, Adam M [ORNL; Lynd, Lee R [Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Characterization of Clostridium thermocellum strains with disrupted fermentation end product pathways  

SciTech Connect

Clostridium thermocellum is a thermophilic, cellulolytic anaerobe that is a candidate microorganism for industrial biofuels production. Strains with mutations in genes associated with production of Llactate ( ldh) and/or acetate ( pta) were characterized to gain insight into the intracellular processes that convert cellobiose to ethanol and other fermentation end products. Cellobiose-grown cultures of the ldh strain had identical biomass accumulation, fermentation end products, transcription profile and intracellular metabolite concentrations compared to its parent strain (DSM1313 hpt spo0A). The pta-deficient strain grew slower and had 30% lower final biomass concentration compared to the parent strain, yet produced 75% more ethanol. A ldh pta double mutant strain evolved for faster growth had growth rate and ethanol yield comparable to the parent strain, whereas its biomass accumulation was comparable to pta. Free amino acids were secreted by all examined strains, with both pta strains secreting higher amounts of alanine, valine, isoleucine, proline, glutamine, and threonine. Valine concentration for ldh pta reached 5 mM by the end of growth, or 2.7% of the substrate carbon utilized. These secreted amino acid concentrations correlate with increased intracellular pyruvate concentrations, up to 6-fold in the pta and 16-fold in the ldh pta strain. We hypothesize that the deletions in fermentation end product pathways result in an intracellular redox imbalance, which the organism attempts to relieve, in part by recycling NADP+ through increased production of amino acids.

Van Der Veen, Douwe [ORNL; Lo, Jonathan [Dartmouth College; Brown, Steven D [ORNL; Johnson, Courtney M [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Martin, Madhavi Z [ORNL; Engle, Nancy L [ORNL; Argyros, Aaron [Mascoma Corporation; Van den Berg, Robert A [Katholieke University Leuven, Belgium; Caiazza, Nicky [Mascoma Corporation; Guss, Adam M [ORNL; Lynd, Lee R [Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The causal relationship between energy resources and economic growth in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the causal relationship between clean and non-clean energy consumption and economic growth in Brazil over the period of 1980–2009. Clean energy consumption at aggregated level of total renewable energy consumption and disaggregated levels of hydroelectric, new renewables, and nuclear energy consumption are tested within a production function framework. A cointegration test reveals a long-term equilibrium relationship between real output, capital, labor, and renewable and non-renewable energy consumption at aggregated level, and a long-term equilibrium relationship between real output, capital, labor, and hydroelectric/new renewables/nuclear and fossil fuel energy consumption at disaggregated level. The capital, labor, and new renewables elasticities of real output are positive and statistically significant, other energy consumption item's elasticities are insignificant. The results from error correction model reveal the interdependencies between new renewables, nuclear, fossil fuel, and total non-renewable energy consumption and economic growth, the unidirectional causality from hydroelectric/total renewable consumption to economic growth, the substitutability between new renewables and fossil fuel consumption, and the substitutability between new renewables and nuclear energy consumption. Additionally, nuclear and new renewables energy consumption responds to bring the system back to equilibrium. Overall, aggregated analysis may obscure the relationship between different types of clean energy consumption and economic growth.

Hsiao-Tien Pao; Hsin-Chia Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Examining the growth of digital wireless phone technology: A take-off theory analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The early phase of diffusion plays a critical role in determining information technology (IT) success in a market. Takeoff, the transition point from the introduction to the growth phase in the IT life cycle, is viewed as an acid test for whether a technology will succeed. We develop a theory to understand global takeoff for digital wireless phones that can be extended to other technologies with related characteristics. Drawing on technology dominance and product life cycle theories, we build a model that consists of standards, market competition, technology costs, and technology substitution to explain takeoff and subsequent market penetration growth. The data are from 41 developed and developing countries. The results suggest that the presence and effects of standards play an important role in driving takeoff and penetration growth. Familiarity with wireless phones and an installed base of analog phone technologies also explain faster takeoff times. Non-price factors are important drivers of penetration growth after takeoff as well. Our results have managerial and policy implications on innovative strategies, standards and competition policy settings for digital wireless phones.

Angsana A. Techatassanasoontorn; Robert J. Kauffman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

The interaction of daily lighting period and light intensity on growth of some greenhouse plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of lighting period and light intensity on the growth of Begonia, Chrysanthemum, Hedera, Kalanchoe and Pelargonium was investigated. The growth of the plants usually increased more when the lighting period was extended from 12 to 18 h or 16 to 20 h than from 18 to 24 or 20 to 24 h when using a constant flux density. When using the same daily (photosynthetic active radiation) PAR the growth was best when the light was given in 20 h, instead of 16 or 24 h. Increasing the light intensity from 14 to 42 or 70 ?mol m?2 s?1 the plant growth increased and usually more when it was increased from 14 to 42 than when it was increased to 70 ?mol m?2 s?1. There was for Begonia and Kalanchoe a significant interaction between lighting period and light intensity on the dry-matter production, but not for the other plants. For Begonia there was a significant increase in number of buds and flowers when increasing the lighting period from 16 to 20 or 24 h a day, while this had no influence on number of days to flowering for either Begonia or Pelargonium. Number of days to flowering and number of buds for Begonia was significantly affected with increasing light intensity from 14 to 42 ?mol m?2 s?1, but there was no effect with a further increase.

H.R. Gislerød; I.M. Eidsten; L.M. Mortensen

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

ARM - PI Product - Cloud Property Retrieval Products for Graciosa...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Cloud Property Retrieval Products for Graciosa Island, Azores research data - ASR funded ...

489

FCT Hydrogen Production: Current Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current Technology to Current Technology to someone by E-mail Share FCT Hydrogen Production: Current Technology on Facebook Tweet about FCT Hydrogen Production: Current Technology on Twitter Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Production: Current Technology on Google Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Production: Current Technology on Delicious Rank FCT Hydrogen Production: Current Technology on Digg Find More places to share FCT Hydrogen Production: Current Technology on AddThis.com... Home Basics Current Technology Thermal Processes Electrolytic Processes Photolytic Processes R&D Activities Quick Links Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Systems Analysis Contacts Current Technology The development of clean, sustainable, and cost-competitive hydrogen

490

Bacterial chromate reduction and product characterization  

SciTech Connect

Bacillus subtilis reduced hexavalent chromate to trivalent chromium under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions. Reduction of CR(VI) and appearance of extracellular Cr(III) were demonstrated by electron spin resonance and spectrophotometry. Chromate reduction was stimulated more than five-fold by freeze-thawing, indicating that intracellular reductases or chemical reductants reduce chromate more rapidly than do intact cells. Moderately concentrated cells (10% pellet volume after centrifugation) reduced approximately 40 {mu}M chromate/min (2 mg Cr/1-min) when exposed to 100 {mu}M chromate (5 mg Cr/1). Highly concentrated cells (70% pellet volume) reduced more than 99.8% of 2 mM chromate (100 mg Cr/1) within 15 min. This rate of chromate reduction was of the same order of magnitude as the rate of respiration in aerobic cells. A substantial fraction of the reduction product (ca. 75%) was extracellular Cr(M), which could readily be separated from the cells by centrifugation. At high chromate concentrations, some fraction of reduced CR(VI) appeared to be taken up by cells, consistent with a detection of intracellular paramagnetic products. At low chromate concentrations, undefined growth medium alone reduced Cr(VI), but at a slow rate, relative to cells. Under appropriate conditions, B. subtilis appears to be an organism of choice for detoxifying chromate-contaminated soil and water.

Mehlhorn, R.J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Buchanan, B.B.; Leighton, T. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Utah coalbed gas exploration poised for growth  

SciTech Connect

Coalbed methane production in eastern Utah is growing despite a relaxed pace of exploratory drilling. Leasing has been active the past 2 years, but a delay in issuance of a federal environmental impact statement could retard drilling. Only 19 new wells began producing coalbed gas during 1995, but gas production increased from existing wells as dewatering progressed. The US Bureau of Land Management will allow limited exploration but no field development on federal lands until the EIS is completed, possibly as early as this month. The paper discusses production of coalbed methane in Utah.

Petzet, G.A.

1996-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

492

International energy indicators  

SciTech Connect

Data are presented in graphs and tables on the following: Iran: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, monthly, June 1974 to May 1980; Saudi Arabia: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, monthly, March 1974 to May 1980; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): capacity, production and shut-in, monthly, June 1974 to April 1980; non-OPEC Free World and US production of crude oil, monthly, January 1973 to March 1980; oil stocks: Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (landed), 1973 to first quarter 1980; petroleum consumption by industrial countries, monthly, January 1973 to December 1979; USSR crude oil production, monthly, January 1974 to May 1980; Free World and US nuclear generation capacity, monthly, January 1973 to April 1980; world crude oil production by area, annually, 1947 to 1979; estimated proved world reserves of crude oil, annually, January 1, 1948 to 1980; world marketed production of natural gas, annually, 1950 to 1979; estimated proved world reserves of natural gas, annually, January 1, 1967 to 1980; US trade in natural gas, 1955 to 1979; US imports of crude oil and products, monthly, January 1973 to May 1980; landed cast of Saudi crude oil in current and 1974 dollars, monthly, April 1974 to March 1980; US trade in coal, monthly, January 1973 to April 1980; summary of US merchandise trade, 1976 to April 1980 and Energy/GNP ratio, annually, 1947 to 1949 and, quarterly, first 1973 to first 1980.

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Increased production of alpha-amylase by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens in the presence of glycine  

SciTech Connect

The production of alpha-amylase by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens increased by a factor of 300 when glycine was added to a chemically defined simple medium at the early-logarithmic phase of growth. Glycine was not metabolized to a significant extent under the conditions used, but it considerably prevented the lowering of the pH of the culture. (Refs. 10).

Zhang, Q.; Tsukagoshi, N.; Miyashiro, S.; Udaka, S.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

An Empirical Study of Open-Source and Closed-Source Software Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the study of Mockus et al. [7]. System growth is estimated and compared by using the metric of percentageAn Empirical Study of Open-Source and Closed-Source Software Products James W. Paulson, Member Abstract--This paper describes an empirical study of open-source and closed-source software projects

Eberlein, Armin

495

Substrate solder barriers for semiconductor epilayer growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

During the growth of compound semiconductors by epitaxial processes, substrates are typically mounted to a support. In modular beam epitaxy, mounting is done using indium as a solder. This method has two drawbacks: the indium reacts with the substrate, and it is difficult to uniformly wet the back of a large diameter substrate. Both of these problems have been successfully overcome by sputter coating the back of the substrate with a thin layer of tungsten carbide or tungsten carbide and gold. In addition to being compatible with the growth of high quality semiconductor epilayers this coating is also inert in all standard substrate cleaning etchants used for compound semiconductors, and provides uniform distribution of energy in radiant heating.

Drummond, T.J.; Ginley, D.S.; Zipperian, T.E.

1989-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

496

Substrate solder barriers for semiconductor epilayer growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

During the growth of compound semiconductors by epitaxial processes, substrates are typically mounted to a support. In molecular beam epitaxy, mounting is done using indium as a solder. This method has two drawbacks: the indium reacts with the substrate, and it is difficult to uniformly wet the back of a large diameter substrate. Both of these problems have been successfully overcome by sputter coating the back of the substrate with a thin layer of tungsten carbide or tungsten carbide and gold. In addition to being compatible with the growth of high quality semiconductor epilayers this coating is also inert in all standard substate cleaning etchants used for compound semiconductors, and provides uniform distribution of energy in radiant heating. 1 tab.

Drummond, T.J.; Ginley, D.S.; Zipperian, T.E.

1987-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

497

Essays on Product Recalls, New Product Preannouncements, and Shareholder Value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................................................... 1 CHAPTER II DETERMINANTS OF THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF PRODUCT RECALLS ON SHAREHOLDER VALUE: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY ................................................ 4 Introduction... ............................................................................... 101 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Companies increasingly face crises involving harm created by their products, ranging from defective automobile recalls, lead paint in toys, faulty medical devices, and contaminated food products, which often...

Yun, Wonjoo

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

498

PRODUCTION OF CARBON PRODUCTS USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this DOE-funded effort is to develop technologies for carbon products from coal-derived feed-stocks. Carbon products can include precursor materials such as solvent extracted carbon ore (SECO) and synthetic pitch (Synpitch). In addition, derived products include carbon composites, fibers, foams and others.

Dady Dadyburjor; Chong Chen; Elliot B. Kennel; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

499

Enzymatic Hydrogen Production:? Conversion of Renewable Resources for Energy Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enzymatic Hydrogen Production:? Conversion of Renewable Resources for Energy Production ... Steam-exploded aspen wood containing 60% cellulose was a gift from Michael Himmel of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado. ... The previous data demonstrate that the two primary components of renewable sources of energy such as biomassglucose and xyloseare capable of oxidiation by GDH, resulting in hydrogen production if hydrogenase is present. ...

Jonathan Woodward; Kimberley A. Cordray; Robert J. Edmonston; Maria Blanco-Rivera; Susan M. Mattingly; Barbara R. Evans

1999-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

500

EIA - High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.