National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for non-oecd economies figure

  1. Energy Use and Carbon Emissions: Non-OECD Countries

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1994-01-01

    Presents world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries (including the current and former centrally planned economies).

  2. Figure ES6. Fuel Economy Effects on Annual Energy Growth

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1ES6 Figure ES6.

  3. Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haring, Ben

    2009-01-01

    Dynasty. (Davies 1943: pl. XXIX). Economy, Haring, UEE 2009J OHN B AINES Short Citation: Haring, 2009, Economy. UEE.Citation: Haring, Ben, 2009, Economy. In Elizabeth Frood and

  4. Figure ES7. Adjusted Annual Energy Growth - No Fuel Economy Effects

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1ES6 Figure ES6.ES7

  5. Facts, Figures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvan Racah861 ANNUAL|FacilityAbout » Facts, Figures

  6. Divorce Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2006-08-09

    Broadcast Transcript: Is divorce good for the economy? Some market analysts in South Korea would answer with a resounding "geu rum yo!" That's "Yes!" in Korean. Korea's rapidly rising divorce rate seems to have softened the stigma attached...

  7. Fact #826: June 23, 2014 The Effect of Tire Pressure on Fuel Economy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory recently conducted a study that measured the effect of tire pressure on fuel economy at speeds ranging from 40 to 80 miles per hour. The figure below...

  8. Supplemental Material Supplemental Figure Legends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsien, Roger Y.

    Supplemental Material Supplemental Figure Legends Supp. Fig. 1. Fluorescence images of 3-D clusters) for Integrative Biology This journal is (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry 2009 #12;Supplemental Figures

  9. Car buyers and fuel economy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

    2007-01-01

    corporate average fuel economy standards. Economic InquiryAll rights reserved. Keywords: Fuel economy; Fuel ef?ciency;improvement in the fuel economy of an SUV they have designed

  10. Predicting Individual Fuel Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong; Greene, David L

    2011-01-01

    To make informed decisions about travel and vehicle purchase, consumers need unbiased and accurate information of the fuel economy they will actually obtain. In the past, the EPA fuel economy estimates based on its 1984 rules have been widely criticized for overestimating on-road fuel economy. In 2008, EPA adopted a new estimation rule. This study compares the usefulness of the EPA's 1984 and 2008 estimates based on their prediction bias and accuracy and attempts to improve the prediction of on-road fuel economies based on consumer and vehicle attributes. We examine the usefulness of the EPA fuel economy estimates using a large sample of self-reported on-road fuel economy data and develop an Individualized Model for more accurately predicting an individual driver's on-road fuel economy based on easily determined vehicle and driver attributes. Accuracy rather than bias appears to have limited the usefulness of the EPA 1984 estimates in predicting on-road MPG. The EPA 2008 estimates appear to be equally inaccurate and substantially more biased relative to the self-reported data. Furthermore, the 2008 estimates exhibit an underestimation bias that increases with increasing fuel economy, suggesting that the new numbers will tend to underestimate the real-world benefits of fuel economy and emissions standards. By including several simple driver and vehicle attributes, the Individualized Model reduces the unexplained variance by over 55% and the standard error by 33% based on an independent test sample. The additional explanatory variables can be easily provided by the individuals.

  11. Comparative economics: evolution and the modern economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermeij, Geerat J.

    2009-01-01

    A comparison of primate economies. Journal of Bioeconomics,1999). Complexity and the economy. Science, 284, 107–109.evolution and the modern economy Ghabrial, A. S. , &

  12. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    1986. [40] Svesson, L. , “Open Economy Inflation Targeting,”Policy Rules for Open Economies,” in Monetary Policy Rules,Dynamics in a Small Open Economy Model under Inflation

  13. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

    2008-01-01

    Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

  14. Open economy politics: A critical review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lake, David A.

    2009-01-01

    brain. New Political Economy. forthcoming. Zysman, J. , & D’Press. Bates, R. H. (1997). Open-economy politics:The political economy of the world coffee trade. Princeton,

  15. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

    2007-01-01

    Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

  16. Essays on Political Economy of Religion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis Nikolaou

    2012-01-01

    Gérard. “The Political Economy of Transition”, Journal ofR. Somanathan. “The political economy of public goods: Someproduct in a capitalist economy. 38 The distinction between

  17. Supporting a Hawaii Hydrogen Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Download presentation slides from the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar Supporting a Hawaii Hydrogen Economy held on July 29, 2014.

  18. New York City's Informal Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sassen, Saskia

    1988-01-01

    Economic Conditions in New York City July-December 1981. NewUnderground Economy. New York City Department of Finance. (Industrial Homeworkers in New York City." Albany: Division

  19. FuelEconomy.gov What is Fuel Economy.gov?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .574.4694 saulsburyjw@ornl.gov #12;Managed by UT-Battelle for the US Department of Energy · Scan QR codes on new car economy possible from the cars they own. FuelEconomy.gov is maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy with data provided by the U.S. Environmental

  20. Supplementary Figure 1 Steen Supplementary Figure 1. Pseudocode outlining of the computational algorithm. Pseudocode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Jeremy

    Supplementary Figure 1 Steen Supplementary Figure 1. Pseudocode outlining of the computational algorithm. Pseudocode outlining the main steps of our procedure for detecting unannotated translation

  1. Microsoft Word - Figure_01.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure 1.

  2. Microsoft Word - figure_04.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA Figure11

  3. Moving Forward With Fuel Economy Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2009-01-01

    Council. Automotive Fuel Economy: How Far Can We Go? (Lee Schipper. Automobile Fuel. Economy and CO 2 Emissions inGraham. The Effect of Fuel Economy Standards on Automobile

  4. The California Economy: Singing the Housing Blues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornberg, Christopher

    2007-01-01

    THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMY: SINGING THE HOUSING  BLUES Many  parts  of  the  economy  are  doing  better  than towards 2007 the entire economy is being threatened by the 

  5. Economy Through Product Diversity: Integrated Biorefineries ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economy Through Product Diversity: Integrated Biorefineries Economy Through Product Diversity: Integrated Biorefineries Achieving national energy and climate goals will require an...

  6. Vehicle Fuel Economy Improvement through Thermoelectric Waste...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuel Economy Improvement through Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Vehicle Fuel Economy Improvement through Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions...

  7. PHOBOS Experiment: Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The PHOBOS Collaboration

    PHOBOS consists of many silicon detectors surrounding the interaction region. With these detectors physicists can count the total number of produced particles and study the angular distributions of all the products. Physicists know from other branches of physics that a characteristic of phase transitions are fluctuations in physical observables. With the PHOBOS array they look for unusual events or fluctuations in the number of particles and angular distribution. The articles that have appeared in refereed science journals are listed here with separate links to the supporting data plots, figures, and tables of numeric data.  See also supporting data for articles in technical journals at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Technical/phobos_technical_publications.htm and from conference proceedings at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Proceedings/phobos_proceedings_publications.htm

  8. Essays in open economy macroeconomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Indradeep, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    This thesis is a collection of two essays on open economy macroeconomics. The first essay is on imperfect asset substitutability and current account dynamics. It is divided into four chapters. The first chapter in this ...

  9. White Paper Powering Sustainable Low-Carbon Economies: Some Fact and Figures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilles J. Youinou

    2015-04-01

    In 2011, the world production of electricity was about 22.1 trillion kilowatt-hour1 (kWhe): 9.1 from coal, 4.8 from gas, 2.6 from nuclear, 1.1 from oil, 3.5 from hydropower and 1.0 from other sources (geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels). With a world population of about 7 billion in 2011, it corresponds to an average of 3,160 kWhe/year/capita. While most industrialized countries enjoy a high standard of living with, at least, 8,000 kWhe per year and per person, most developing countries live with less than 3,000 kWhe per year per person. The need for electricity is growing fast, especially in developing countries, and by 2040 the world production of electricity is projected to reach about 40 trillion kWhe.2 Assuming a world population of 10 billion and an average consumption of 6,000 kWhe per year per person in 2100 the world annual production of electricity could reach 60 trillion kWhe.

  10. Economy in embodied utterances1 Matthew Stone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeCarlo, Doug

    Economy in embodied utterances1 Matthew Stone Rutgers University In natural language generation to explore one kind of brevity, TEXTUAL ECONOMY, or, more generally, COMMUNICATIVE ECONOMY, which I introduce in Section 1. In communicative economy, speakers organize their actions to contribute to multiple

  11. Dynamic Mirrlees Taxation under Political Economy Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dynamic Mirrlees Taxation under Political Economy Constraints Daron Acemoglu MIT Michael Golosov incentive-compatible taxes, in a dynamic economy subject to political economy and commitment problems economy taxes are set by a self- interested politician, without any commitment power. This politician

  12. The Methanol Economy Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olah, George; Prakash, G.K.

    2013-12-31

    The Methanol Economy Project is based on the concept of replacing fossil fuels with methanol generated either from renewable resources or abundant natural (shale) gas. The full methanol cycle was investigated in this project, from production of methanol through bromination of methane, bireforming of methane to syngas, CO{sub 2} capture using supported amines, co-electrolysis of CO{sub 2} and water to formate and syngas, decomposition of formate to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}, and use of formic acid in a direct formic acid fuel cell. Each of these projects achieved milestones and provided new insights into their respective fields. ? Direct electrophilic bromination of methane to methyl bromide followed by hydrolysis to yield methanol was investigated on a wide variety of catalyst systems, but hydrolysis proved impractical for large-scale industrial application. ? Bireforming the correct ratio of methane, CO{sub 2}, and water on a NiO / MgO catalyst yielded the right proportion of H{sub 2}:CO (2:1) and proved to be stable for at least 250 hours of operation at 400 psi (28 atm). ? CO{sub 2} capture utilizing supported polyethyleneimines yielded a system capable of adsorbing CO{sub 2} from the air and release at nominal temperatures with negligible amine leaching. ? CO{sub 2} electrolysis to formate and syngas showed considerable increases in rate and selectivity by performing the reaction in a high pressure flow electrolyzer. ? Formic acid was shown to decompose selectively to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} using either Ru or Ir based homogeneous catalysts. ? Direct formic acid fuel cells were also investigated and showed higher than 40% voltage efficiency using reduced loadings of precious metals. A technoeconomic analysis was conducted to assess the viability of taking each of these processes to the industrial scale by applying the data gathered during the experiments to approximations based on currently used industrial processes. Several of these processes show significant promise for industrial scale up and use towards improving our nation’s energy independence.

  13. From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy By Herman Daly A steady-state economy of negative growth, a depression such as we are entering now, is a failed-growth economy, not a steady-state economy. Halting an accelerating downward spiral is necessary but is not the same thing as resuming

  14. Toto the Robot Figure 1. Toto, front view. Figure 2. Toto, rear view.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Toto the Robot Figure 1. Toto, front view. Figure 2. Toto, rear view. Toto the Robot was created so a robot, helps account for his lack of verbal charm. Second, some younger children may recognize in Toto

  15. Model Year 2012 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-11-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles.

  16. Model Year 2011 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-11-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles.

  17. Model Year 2013 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-12-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles.

  18. Supplementary Figure Captions Supplementary Figure 1 Caption: Map showing earthquake epicenters (black stars),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnero, Ed

    ), and 12 lines along which cross-sections are made through the migration image volume in the lower mantle (green lines) in Supplementary Figures 2-4, and box indicating the area spanned by migration images at constant depth in Supplementary Figure 5. Profiles A-A' and B-B' in Figure 1 correspond to profiles D

  19. Are Figure Legends Sufficient? Evaluating the Contribution of Associated Text to Biomedical Figure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Hong

    - 1 - Are Figure Legends Sufficient? Evaluating the Contribution of Associated Text to Biomedical@ohsu.edu Abstract Background Biomedical scientists need to access figures to validate research facts. Such systems could be very useful in improving figure retrieval and in reducing the workload of biomedical

  20. Migration and the Sending Economy: A Disaggregated Rural Economy Wide Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Dyer, George

    2006-01-01

    A Stylized Village Economy-Wide Model with Nonseparable FarmNetworks in the Modern Economy: Mexican Migrants in the U.S.in a Household-farm Economy. ” Journal of Development

  1. Hidden Innovation: A Reconsideration of An 'Old Economy' Industry in a 'New Economy' Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Lifang

    2008-01-01

    and a high-tech economy: California, the United States andWho gets ahead in the global economy? Industrial upgrading,T. (2004). Designing the economy: a profile of Ontario's

  2. Figure 7.7. A digital system like the one in Figure 7.2. Figure 7.8. Using multiplexers to implement a bus.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalla, Priyank

    for the pseudo-code in Figure 7.16. #12;Figure 7.20. Verilog code for the bit-counting circuit (Part a). module

  3. Policies, Political-Economy, and Swidden in Southeast Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    J. C. (1976). The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellionand the Political Economy of Ignorance. Agroforestryof Small-holder Oil Palm Economies of Sabah and Sarawak.

  4. Fragmented Economy, Stratified Society, and the Shattered Dream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mordechay, Kfir; Orfield, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Future of the California Economy is on the Coast, FebruaryMarch 17, 2010. Fragmented Economy, Stratified Society, andFragmented Economy, Stratified Society, and the Shattered

  5. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

    2007-01-01

    S. Kurani, “Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy,Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMa car, do they think about fuel costs over time, are they

  6. A Colorado Perspective: The New Energy Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jim; Brannon, Ginny

    2009-01-01

    by pro- moting alternative energy, encouraging cleaner waysEnergy Economy include: * ConocoPhillips, which established its global alternative

  7. Constructing a Cleaner Economy Info Graphic

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An overview of the impact that the clean energy economy is having on the U.S. construction industry.

  8. Probabilistic political economy and endogenous money

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockshott, W.P.

    Cockshott,W.P. Cottrell,A. First Conference on Probabilistic Political Economy, July 2008, University of Kingston

  9. Model Year 2006 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2005-11-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles. The vehicles listed have been divided into three classes of cars, three classes of light duty trucks, and three classes of special purpose vehicles.

  10. Model Year 2005 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-11-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles. The vehicles listed have been divided into three classes of cars, three classes of light duty trucks, and three classes of special purpose vehicles.

  11. Model Year 2010 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-10-14

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles. The vehicles listed have been divided into three classes of cars, three classes of light duty trucks, and three classes of special purpose vehicles.

  12. Model Year 2007 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-10-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles. The vehicles listed have been divided into three classes of cars, three classes of light duty trucks, and three classes of special purpose vehicles.

  13. Model Year 2015 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-12-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles. The vehicles listed have been divided into three classes of cars, three classes of light duty trucks, and three classes of special purpose vehicles.

  14. Model Year 2009 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-10-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles. The vehicles listed have been divided into three classes of cars, three classes of light duty trucks, and three classes of special purpose vehicles.

  15. Model Year 2008 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-10-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles. The vehicles listed have been divided into three classes of cars, three classes of light duty trucks, and three classes of special purpose vehicles.

  16. Model Year 2016 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-11-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles. The vehicles listed have been divided into three classes of cars, three classes of light duty trucks, and three classes of special purpose vehicles.

  17. Model Year 2014 Fuel Economy Guide: EPA Fuel Economy Estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-12-01

    The Fuel Economy Guide is published by the U.S. Department of Energy as an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. The Guide lists estimates of miles per gallon (mpg) for each vehicle available for the new model year. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with Federal Law. By using this Guide, consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The Guide is intended to help consumers compare the fuel economy of similarly sized cars, light duty trucks and special purpose vehicles. The vehicles listed have been divided into three classes of cars, three classes of light duty trucks, and three classes of special purpose vehicles.

  18. Book Reviews Local Constraints vs. Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Book Reviews Local Constraints vs. Economy David E. Johnson and Shalom Lappin (IBM Thomas J. Watson, the authors summarize the Chomsky 1995 version of global economy in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3, they discuss two versions of local economy, that proposed by Collins (1997) and the one developed by Yang (1997

  19. Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 1 / 53 #12;THE Basics The very basic notion that governs) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 2 / 53 #12;Solving for P The (N

  20. PSCI 15 / REL 15 Catholic Political Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoiciu, Mihai

    1 PSCI 15 / REL 15 Catholic Political Economy Winter Study 2010 Professor Darel E. Paul PSCI 15 century or so, however, she has devoted particular attention to the problems of modern economies? Is love a relevant concept in political and economic analysis? What is an economy for? This course

  1. GREEN TAXES, WASTE MANAGEMENT AND POLITICAL ECONOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    GREEN TAXES, WASTE MANAGEMENT AND POLITICAL ECONOMY by R. Kerry Turner J. Powell A. Craighill CSERGE Working Paper WM 96-03 #12;GREEN TAXES, WASTE MANAGEMENT AND POLITICAL ECONOMY by R. Kerry Turner and advocated. The application of such instruments in the current political economy settings will however serve

  2. Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions constraint? Implications for energy and climate

  3. IMPACTS ON U.S. ECONOMY NIH Funding Contributes Directly to Local Economies Across the Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungerleider, Leslie G.

    June 2015 IMPACTS ON U.S. ECONOMY NIH Funding Contributes Directly to Local Economies Across and supported 7 million jobs in 2011.4 The Impact of Genomics on the U.S. Economy report estimates that the $12 Healthier Citizens Lead to a Healthier Economy NIHfueled advances contribute to the health of the nation

  4. Supplementary Figures: Figure S1: In order to verify that our main analysis (Figure 4 of the main manuscript) was not an artifact of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Rullen, Rufin

    Supplementary Figures: Figure S1: In order to verify that our main analysis (Figure 4 of the main (Figure 3 of the main manuscript), we replicated this analysis 3 times, each time with a different random selection of trials. The three additional iterations confirm the results of the main analysis (replicated

  5. Business cycles in oil economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Mutairi, N.H.

    1991-01-01

    This study examines the impact of oil price shocks on output fluctuations of several oil-exporting economies. In most studies of business cycles, the role of oil price is ignored; the few studies that use oil price as one of the variables in the system focus on modeling oil-importing economies. The vector autoregression (VAR) technique is used to consider the cases of Norway, Nigeria, and Mexico. Both atheoretical and structural' VARs are estimated to determine the importance of oil price impulses on output variations. The study reports two types of results: variance decomposition and impulse response functions, with particular emphasis on the issues of stationarity and co-integration among the series. The empirical results suggest that shocks to oil price are important in explaining output variations. In most cases, shocks to oil price are shown to explain more than 20% of the forecast variance of output over a 40-quarter horizon.

  6. Energy Economy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicleDepartment ofGraphicsPowerDepartmentIowa PlantEconomy

  7. The Solar Economy: Renewable Energy for a Sustainable Global Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2003-01-01

    Review: The Solar Economy: Renewable Energy for aHermann Scheer. The Solar Economy: Renewable Energy for a

  8. Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Documents & Publications Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives EV Community...

  9. Muon Figures: 2001/04/19 Chris Waltham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Learned, John

    TO SAVE SPACE. Figure 6: Muon event: PMT hit times in ns. OMITTED TO SAVE SPACE. A B C W E N S Figure 7

  10. Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haring, Ben

    2009-01-01

    hydraulic civilization in Egypt: A study of cultural ecology. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

  11. INFORMS `03, Atlanta GA, October 19-21 A Supply Chain Network EconomyA Supply Chain Network Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    INFORMS `03, Atlanta GA, October 19-21 A Supply Chain Network EconomyA Supply Chain Network Economy, GA, October 19-22, 2003 Supply Chain EconomySupply Chain Economy Supply Chain Economy (SCE a supply chain economy ­ Comprising heterogeneous supply chains ­ Involving in production, distribution

  12. Top 100 historical figures of Wikipedia 1 Top 100 historical figures of Wikipedia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepelyansky, Dima

    Top 100 historical figures of Wikipedia 1 Top 100 historical figures of Wikipedia The top 100 papers. In the statistical respects this top 100 list is of differs from the historical, cultural grounds of those approaches they have overlap of about 43 percent with the top 100 list of Hart

  13. ANTHROPOMETRY FOR COMPUTER GRAPHICS HUMAN FIGURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badler, Norman I.

    ANTHROPOMETRY FOR COMPUTER GRAPHICS HUMAN FIGURES Marc R. Grosso1 Richard D. Quach2 Ernest Otani3, Warren, Michigan 48090-9040. i #12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Anthropometry Issues 1 3 Implementation : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 21 11.4 Spreadsheet Anthropometry Scaling System (SASS

  14. Modeling, Animation, and Rendering of Human Figures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Güdükbay, Ugur

    7 Modeling, Animation, and Rendering of Human Figures Ugur G¨ud¨ukbay, B¨ulent ¨Ozg¨u¸c, Aydemir, Ankara, Turkey Human body modeling and animation has long been an important and challenging area virtual humans in action: video games, films, television, virtual reality, ergonomics, medicine

  15. Political Economy and Natural Resource Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deacon, Robert; Mueller, Bernardo

    2004-01-01

    oil in the economy led to a blurring of the worlds of commerce and State policy, an outcome that promoted a rent-

  16. Forests and The Texas Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Jay O'; Williams, Richard A.

    1988-01-01

    , while maintain ing a healthy forest environment, requires the cooperation and understanding of many individuals, groups, and organizations. This document provides a unique statistical base for understanding the current status of forestry in Texas... or wood-based industry is a part of the manufactur ing industry that is a vital component of Texas' diverse econ omy (Figures 5-1 to 5-3). As indicated below, Texas is one of the top producers of forest products in the country: ? Texas is one...

  17. Figure correction of multilayer coated optics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman; Henry N. (Livermore, CA), Taylor; John S. (Livermore, CA)

    2010-02-16

    A process is provided for producing near-perfect optical surfaces, for EUV and soft-x-ray optics. The method involves polishing or otherwise figuring the multilayer coating that has been deposited on an optical substrate, in order to correct for errors in the figure of the substrate and coating. A method such as ion-beam milling is used to remove material from the multilayer coating by an amount that varies in a specified way across the substrate. The phase of the EUV light that is reflected from the multilayer will be affected by the amount of multilayer material removed, but this effect will be reduced by a factor of 1-n as compared with height variations of the substrate, where n is the average refractive index of the multilayer.

  18. BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF FUEL ECONOMY POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Jim

    BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF FUEL ECONOMY POTENTIAL DUE TO TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENTS by Richard W. Andrews comments. 4 #12; 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background and Overview In 1975 the Energy Policy and Conservation Act average fuel economy (CAFE) standard. This legislation separates each manufacturer's production

  19. Engineering the computational economy Michael Wooldridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woolridge, Mike

    Engineering the computational economy Michael Wooldridge Department of Computer Science, University, such as that of an industrialised nation. The economy is generally designed/engineered by the government of the nation in order of software agents, and agent­oriented software engineering. The purpose of this presentation is first

  20. Engineering the computational economy Michael Wooldridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woolridge, Mike

    Engineering the computational economy Michael Wooldridge Department of Computer Science, University, such as that of an industrialised nation. The economy is generally designed/engineered by the government of the nation in order of software agents, and agent-oriented software engineering. The purpose of this presentation is first

  1. Power the world's powers the world's economy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power the world's economy BUSINESS #12;powers the world's economy. Put yourself in the driver. · A buyer, merchandiser, planner or manager in a retail operation. · The manager of a restaurant or food materials firm. · A marketer promoting a business, nonprofit organization or public agency. · A small

  2. INCOME INEQUALITY IN FORMER CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    transforms into a successful market economy, increased income inequalities may be desirable' (Doyle, 1996, p and the opportunities for non-agricultural income from the market liberalisation process would seem to be important adjustment to market in transition economies. As Doyle (1996) has stated for example: `to ensure that Russia

  3. Building an economy that works -for everyone.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    Building an economy that works - for everyone. SHB 2720 Pay It Forward: Restoring college access, not based on the cost of their degree or the size of their paycheck. A smart investment in the future, and the Fund becomes self-sustaining by year 17 of the program. Building an economy that works - for everyone

  4. Semiconductor Engineers in a Global Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Clair; Linden, Greg

    2007-01-01

    US Citizen, Female Source: National Science Foundation,US Citizen, Female Source: National Science Foundation,science (Figure 7), the number of degrees awarded to citizens and

  5. Housing Needs and Policy Issues in High Tech Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Kathryn P.

    2001-01-01

    NEEDS AND POLICY ISSUES IN HIGH TECH ECONOMIES By Kathryn P.Needs and Policy Issues in High Tech Economies Kathryn P.Needs and Policy Issues in High Tech Economies Who is left

  6. Public Attitudes toward a Market Economy in Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minh Hac, Pham; Thanh Nghi, Pham

    2006-01-01

    Practices in a Transition Economy: An Exploration of WorkerConference on Transition Economies, 31 May – 1 June 2004,Office. 2002. Vietnam Economy in the Years of Reform. Hanoi:

  7. SECURING OIL AND NATURAL GAS INFRASTRUCTURES IN THE NEW ECONOMY...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SECURING OIL AND NATURAL GAS INFRASTRUCTURES IN THE NEW ECONOMY SECURING OIL AND NATURAL GAS INFRASTRUCTURES IN THE NEW ECONOMY Based on the finding of a growing potential...

  8. The Political economy of environmental policy with overlapping generations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Rezai, Amon

    2012-01-01

    Political Economy of Environmental Policy with OverlappingPolitical Economy of Environmental Policy with Overlappinggenerational con?ict, environmental policy, dynamic bar-

  9. Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving cycles and interstate roads Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving...

  10. Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy -- House...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environment and the Economy -- House Energy and Commerce Committee Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy -- House Energy and Commerce Committee Testimony of Peter...

  11. Fact #659: January 24, 2011 Fuel Economy Ratings for Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: January 24, 2011 Fuel Economy Ratings for Vehicles Operating on Electricity Fact 659: January 24, 2011 Fuel Economy Ratings for Vehicles Operating on Electricity The...

  12. Fact #589: September 21, 2009 Proposed Fuel Economy and Greenhouse...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: September 21, 2009 Proposed Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards Fact 589: September 21, 2009 Proposed Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards On...

  13. Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy -- House...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy -- House Energy and Commerce Committee Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy -- House Energy and Commerce Committee...

  14. Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Documents & Publications Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives EA-1816: Final...

  15. Microsoft Word - Figure_09-2015.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure3

  16. Microsoft Word - Figure_13_2015.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure335

  17. Microsoft Word - Figure_15_2015.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure335

  18. Microsoft Word - figure_02_2015.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) YearNatural GasA Figure

  19. Surface figure control for coated optics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K. (Livermore, CA); Spence, Paul A. (Pleasanton, CA); Kanouff, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A pedestal optical substrate that simultaneously provides high substrate dynamic stiffness, provides low surface figure sensitivity to mechanical mounting hardware inputs, and constrains surface figure changes caused by optical coatings to be primarily spherical in nature. The pedestal optical substrate includes a disk-like optic or substrate section having a top surface that is coated, a disk-like base section that provides location at which the substrate can be mounted, and a connecting cylindrical section between the base and optics or substrate sections. The optic section has an optical section thickness.sup.2 /optical section diameter ratio of between about 5 to 10 mm, and a thickness variation between front and back surfaces of less than about 10%. The connecting cylindrical section may be attached via three spaced legs or members. However, the pedestal optical substrate can be manufactured from a solid piece of material to form a monolith, thus avoiding joints between the sections, or the disk-like base can be formed separately and connected to the connecting section. By way of example, the pedestal optical substrate may be utilized in the fabrication of optics for an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography imaging system, or in any optical system requiring coated optics and substrates with reduced sensitivity to mechanical mounts.

  20. Supplementary Figures Figure S1. Ambient seismic noise levels in dB relative to velocity power at two stations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jennifer M.

    Supplementary Figures Figure S1. Ambient seismic noise levels in dB relative to velocity power at two stations, HFN3 and BFN1, (Figure 1B). Both stations have three components (East, North, Vertical; or ENZ) but different types of instruments (EP, HH). The drop in power at frequencies less than 2 Hz

  1. The role of networks in political economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larreguy Arbesú, Horacio Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the different roles that networks play in political economy. In the first chapter, I study how a political party uses electoral data to monitor and incentivize the political brokers who control ...

  2. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

    2008-01-01

    decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

  3. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

    2007-01-01

    decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

  4. A Caricature (Model) of the World Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caballero, Ricardo

    2010-11-23

    This paper provides a stylized model of the workings of a global economy where one of its key driving factors is economic agents’ continuous struggle to find assets in which to park financial resources. This struggle ...

  5. Tribes and the New Energy Economy Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the COTA Holdings, this two-day conference brings tribes, government, and industry together to discuss the new energy economy. Attendees will hear speakers from the U.S. Department of...

  6. The Underground Economy of Fake Antivirus Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steigerwald, Douglas; Vigna, Giovanni; Kruegel, Christopher; Kemmerer, Richard; Abman, Ryan; Stone-Gross, Brett

    2011-01-01

    Report on Rogue Security Software. In Whitepaper, 2009. 11.1 The Underground Economy of Fake Antivirus Software 17. J.Fake Antivirus Software. http://www. pcworld.com/

  7. Webinar: Supporting a Hawaii Hydrogen Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "Supporting a Hawaii Hydrogen Economy" on Tuesday, July 29, from 3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). The webinar will...

  8. Above Vulgar Economy: Jane Austen and Money

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craig, Sheryl Ann

    2010-11-20

    Abstract: "Above Vulgar Economy": Jane Austen and Money By: Sheryl Bonar Craig Jane Austen's career as an author coincided with a series of economic recessions leading to a major economic depression, a banking crisis that ...

  9. Essays on institutions in developing economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiao Yu, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    The primary goal of this thesis is to gain a deeper understanding of how institutional structure responds and evolves in equilibrium, particularly in the idiosyncratic and dynamic settings of developing economies. I use ...

  10. Marketing Strategies in a Downturn Economy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, M.

    1987-01-01

    IN A DOWNTURN ECONOMY MALCOLM WILLIAMS Manager Business Development Gulf States Utilities Beaumont, ABSTRACT The economic activity in an area may affect electric utility sales more than other retailers. Statistics show that the KWH consumption... market. This paper deals with some of these new concepts being used by utilities in a downturn economy. INTRODUCTION Sales programs and marketing strategies to sell electric energy are in many ways similar to selling other types of consumer goods...

  11. The credit economy and the economic rationality of science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    The credit economy and the economic rationality of science Kevin J.S. Zollman Carnegie Mellon University Rational Choice and Philosophy Conference May 17, 2014 #12;Kevin J.S. Zollman Credit Economy.S. Zollman Credit Economy Arational choices? How much time should I dedicate to science? What experiments

  12. From oil shortage to oil glut: simulation of growth prospects in the Nigerian economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olofin, S.; Iyaniwura, J.O.

    1983-11-01

    During the 1970s, the economy of Nigeria provided one of the most interesting cases of development financed through oil revenue. Between 1970 and 1980, the country's GNP grew at an outstanding rate, but after the transition from oil shortage to oil glut, the economy of Nigeria ran into dramatic financial difficulties, which are now placing major constraints to its development. To investigate the transition from an oil-based economy to a stage characterized by greater diversification of exports and more balanced sectoral growth, a model has been built by the University of Ibadan in Nigeria. The model was developed in association with Project LINK staffing for the future inclusion in the Project. According to the finding presented in the study, the annual growth rate of GDP of Nigeria between 1980 and 1988 will be around 2.5%. To compensate the drop of the foreign-exchange earnings caused by the contraction of oil prices and demand, a vigorous export drive of agricultural products is simulated. 8 references, 7 figures, 4 tables.

  13. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

    2005-01-01

    Energy Agency, 2003a. Energy Balances of OECD Countries.Energy Agency, 2003b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.for constructing the energy balance flow chart (Figure 1).

  14. Figure 1. Typical Slow Sand Filter Schematic Supernatant Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figure 1. Typical Slow Sand Filter Schematic Headspace Supernatant Water Schmutzdecke Raw water for support and also at the bottom an underdrain system collects the filtered water (Figure 1). As water of SSFs to marginal source waters, filter harrowing and faster methods of filter scraping have greatly

  15. NEW ECONOMY NO REQUIEM YET Rudi Dornbusch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

    and labor markets and the only question now is whether the economy will slow quickly by itself or whether their pound of flesh. Risk capital is available to anyone, not just the establishment, and there is no limit quo are kicked out. Risk talking us valued rather than shunned. Young people want to be in startups

  16. Monetary Policy for Inattentive Economies Laurence Ball

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    to derive optimal policy. In response to shocks to productivity and aggregate demand, optimal policy in the price level -- is suboptimal. When the economy is hit by shocks to aggregate demand or productivity should allow the price level to deviate from its target for a while in response to these supply shocks

  17. Transforming America's Energy Economy Transforming America's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory Oak Ridge National Laboratory Pacific Northwest National #12;Transforming America's Energy Economy A. Introduction: A Call for Action B. Envisioning the Future of Energy B.1 Renewable and Low-Carbon Energy Sources for Electricity Production B.2 Energy

  18. Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    or assembled units or gallons of output. How di¤erent costs vary according to the value of such an index with the volume index. Variable costs depend upon the level of the volume index. Some costs are mixed costs¤ectively the derivative of the production-cost- versus-volume-index curve.) Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy

  19. a People Strategy for nevada's economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    CraCking the Code on SteM a People Strategy for nevada's economy Science Technology engineering Ma of nevadans who possess at least some postsecondary training in the fields of science, technology, engineering--is beginning to create supply-side pinch points that could slow future growth. nevada's Business it ecosystems

  20. KazaKhstan and theworld economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of trade policy, with a distinctive constitutional, classical-liberal defence of free trade drawn from his government at home. he strongly advocated a rule-based international economic order pillared on free tradeKazaKhstan and theworld economy: an assessment of Kazakhstan's trade policy and pending accession

  1. Richard C.Blum Center Developing Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakhor, Avideh

    2008 ANNUAL REPORT Real-World Solutions to Combat Poverty #12;RICHARD C. BLUM CENTER FOR DEVELOPING Center for Developing Economies. Over 1,000 students have participated in our poverty alleviation efforts and the historic tradition of service at the University of California. · Our Global Poverty and Practice minor

  2. THE BLUM CENTER FOR DEVELOPING ECONOMIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakhor, Avideh

    THE BLUM CENTER FOR DEVELOPING ECONOMIES 2009 ANNUAL REPORT Real-World Solutions to Combat Poverty academic minor in Global Poverty and Practice is now the largest on campus -- nearly 400 strong and growing participants in the fight against global poverty. We are investing in undergraduates in a way that is virtually

  3. The Traffic in Praise: Pindar and the Poetics of Social Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurke, Leslie

    2013-01-01

    in the Homeric World. ” In Economy and Society in AncientYork. ??—??. 1975. The Ancient Economy. London. ??—??. 1977.1965. Primitive Polynesian Economy. London. Fisher, N. R. E.

  4. Shadow Economy, Tax Morale, Governance and Institutional Quality: A Panel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Schneider, Friedrich

    2007-01-01

    Exploring the Underground Economy. Kalamazoo W. E. UpjohnDependent Variable: Shadow Economy A) GOVERN. /INSTIT.of Tax Reform in the Global Economy. New York: Springer, pp.

  5. Oil Exports and the Iranian Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H. S.; Mohaddes, K.; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    in oil exploration and extraction technologies. Figure 1: Oil export revenues to income ratios for major oil exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1980 1987 1994 2001 2008 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela Kuwait UAE Qatar Libya Nigeria Algeria Russia... . As Figure 1 shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar...

  6. Fact #870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Progress, 1978-2014 The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is the sales-weighted harmonic mean fuel economy of a manufacturer's fleet of new cars or light trucks in a certain...

  7. Agglomeration Economies and the High-Tech Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Nancy E.; Walls, Donald

    2004-01-01

    Job Composition in 2002: High-Tech Hardware Firms Lucent2003, Globalization of a High-Tech Economy (Kluwer, NewEconomies and the High-Tech Computer Cluster Nancy E.

  8. Fuel Economy Improvements from a Hybrid-Electric/Diesel Powertrain...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economy Improvements from a Hybrid-ElectricDiesel Powertrain in a Class 4 Parcel Delivery Vehicle Fuel Economy Improvements from a Hybrid-ElectricDiesel Powertrain in a Class 4...

  9. Aspects of the political economy of development and synthetic biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellhausen, Rachel

    What implications might synthetic biology’s potential as a wholly new method of production have for the world economy, particularly developing countries? Theories of political economy predict that synthetic biology can ...

  10. Figures in air : multiplicity and aurality as social architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Micah

    2013-01-01

    These texts can be understood as potential documentation of my activities from 2002-2012. They can also be read as a constellation of theoretical statements relating to: art, music, thinking, economy, being, governance, ...

  11. South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa and Ukraine." References "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services" Retrieved from "http:...

  12. THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review UNITEDNATIONSENVIRONMENTPROGRAMME #12;Copyright/iStockphoto.com #12;THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review #12;2 Contents Acknowledgements 3 Introduction 4 The Hydrogen Economy and Sustainable Development 6 What is Hydrogen? 6 The Environmental Implications

  13. Global Political Economy Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Political Economy Fall 2013 Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM Location: ENG (Engelhard Hall) 213 Ajai economy, and the interaction between countries, regulatory systems and organizations. Attention of MNCs in the global economy. The role of economic, social and political institutions is also a central

  14. Solidarity Immersion 2015 Human Rights in the Global Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Solidarity Immersion 2015 Human Rights in the Global Economy Dominican Republic July 30th - August the Dominican Republic and Haiti for an up-close look at how our global economy and fight for change is woven-hand understanding of the bigger picture of human rights in the global economy through direct testimony from workers

  15. Perspectives on the Current State Of the Milwaukee Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Of the Milwaukee Economy Report prepared for Wisconsin Voices Marc V. Levine of the city's tax-base and social capital). Finally, in Milwaukee's slow-growth regional economy, the labor-Growth Regional Economy: GDP Growth in Metro Milwaukee (p.3); · The Milwaukee "Jobs Gap" (p.5

  16. Global Political Economy Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Political Economy Fall 2014 Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM Location: 1 Washington Park, 508 Ajai economy, and the interaction between countries, regulatory systems and organizations. Attention of MNCs in the global economy. The role of economic, social and political institutions is also a central

  17. Page 1 from 33 The "New Economy" and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varian, Hal R.

    Page 1 from 33 The "New Economy" and Information Technology Policy Pamela Samuelson Hal R. Varian of the information technology sector (IT) in the 1980s was an important development for the economy, but it spurred that the 1990's witnessed the emergence of a "New Economy." That term dates back to the 1980's when it referred

  18. The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL Invited Paper This paper economy as a metaphor for effective management of resources and appli- cation scheduling. It identifies distributed resource management challenges and requirements of economy-based Grid systems, and discusses

  19. Global Political Economy Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Political Economy Fall 2012 Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM Ajai Gaur Room 1098, 1 Washington Park This course offers a global perspective on long term change in the world economy, and the interaction between imbalances and protectionism, foreign direct investment and the role of MNCs in the global economy. The role

  20. Economy and AnnuAl report 2013 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    Center on Japanese Economy and Business AnnuAl report 2013­ 2014 #12;Letter from the Directors 2 State Intervention and Private Enterprise: Japan, the U.S., and China 28 Restoring the Japanese Economy: Staying Behind and Moving Forward 36 How to Buy Japan: Private Equity in a Global Economy 37 Hitting

  1. Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezzey, Jack

    Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy JOHN PEZZEY EEN0203 #12;Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy John C. V. Pezzey Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies Australian National.K. Draft of 23 January 2002 Abstract. Exact optimal paths are calculated for a closed economy with human

  2. Advanced Technologies in Energy-Economy Models for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced Technologies in Energy-Economy Models for Climate Change Assessment Jennifer F. Morris: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;1 Advanced Technologies in Energy-Economy Models is applied to a global economy-wide model to study the roles of low-carbon alternatives in the power sector

  3. Open economy models of distribution and growth Robert A. Blecker*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    Chapter 9 Open economy models of distribution and growth Robert A. Blecker* To appear in: Eckhard-Keynesian macro models for closed economies, the present chapter focuses on extensions of these models the post-Keynesian framework to a global economy that has become much more integrated in the past few

  4. Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use A Review of Empirical Findings/Fuel Price Travel Cost Macro-Economy Passenger: VMT or VKT Freight: Ton-Mile or Ton-KM Passenger Mode-run Short and Long-run #12;Topics covered by this presentation: Oil price and macro-economy Gas price

  5. Exploring figurative language processing in bilinguals: the metaphor interference effect 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Francisco Emigdio

    2005-02-17

    While studies suggest that figurative, or non-literal, meanings are automatically activated in single language users, little is known about how language proficiency may influence the automaticity of non-literal meaning ...

  6. Comprehensive figures of merit for passive and active plasmonic circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krasavin, Alexey V

    2015-01-01

    In this article a comprehensive figures of merit for both passive and active plasmonic circuit components are introduced, benchmarking their performance for the realisation of high-bandwidth optical data communication in electronic chips. For the first time the figure of merit for passive plasmonic interconnects has been derived in terms of ultimate global characteristics of the plasmonic circuitry, particularly bandwidth and power consumption densities. Then, these parameters were linked to the local waveguide characteristics, such as mode propagation length, bending radius, etc. The figure has been applied to provide a comprehensive comparison to the main types of the plasmonics waveguides and can serve as an excellent benchmark for future designs. Completing the development of broadband optical on-chip data communication, we developed an all-inclusive figure of merit for active photonic- or plasmonic-based electro-optic modulators, establishing the communication between electronic and photonic chip domains...

  7. Precipitation and Snowpack Figure 1: Month to Date Precipitation (1-23 January 2011). Figure 2: 7 Day Precipitation (17-23 January 11).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Precipitation and Snowpack Figure 1: Month to Date Precipitation (1-23 January 2011). Figure 2: 7 Day Precipitation (17-23 January 11). Much of the high country in the Upper Colorado River Basin (UCRB.00" for January to date (Figure 1). Over the past seven days, however (Figure 2), precipitation has been

  8. Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy withoutsacrificing safety

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

    2007-06-11

    The public, automakers, and policymakers have long worried about trade-offs between increased fuel economy in motor vehicles and reduced safety. The conclusion of a broad group of experts on safety and fuel economy in the auto sector is that no trade-off is required. There are a wide variety of technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle fuel economy that have no effect on vehicle safety. Conversely, there are many technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle safety that are not detrimental to vehicle fuel economy. Congress is considering new policies to increase the fuel economy of new automobiles in order to reduce oil dependence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The findings reported here offer reassurance on an important dimension of that work: It is possible to significantly increase the fuel economy of motor vehicles without compromising their safety. Automobiles on the road today demonstrate that higher fuel economy and greater safety can co-exist. Some of the safest vehicles have higher fuel economy, while some of the least safe vehicles driven today--heavy, large trucks and SUVs--have the lowest fuel economy. At an October 3, 2006 workshop, leading researchers from national laboratories, academia, auto manufacturers, insurance research industry, consumer and environmental groups, material supply industries, and the federal government agreed that vehicles could be designed to simultaneously improve safety and fuel economy. The real question is not whether we can realize this goal, but the best path to get there. The experts' studies reveal important new conclusions about fuel economy and safety, including: (1) Vehicle fuel economy can be increased without affecting safety, and vice versa; (2) Reducing the weight and height of the heaviest SUVs and pickup trucks will simultaneously increase both their fuel economy and overall safety; and (3) Advanced materials can decouple size from mass, creating important new possibilities for increasing both fuel economy and safety without compromising functionality.

  9. Suppl. Figure S1 Supplementary Figure S1. EEG power spectra during late NREM sleep. A. EEG power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suppl. Figure S1 Supplementary Figure S1. EEG power spectra during late NREM sleep. A. EEG power spectra are presented for 6 age groups (purple 2-5y, green 5-8y, red 8-11y, yellow 11-14y, blue 14- 17y. Topographical distribution of the relative variability of EEG power. The standard error of the mean power

  10. Managing Risk in a Dynamic World Economy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Harold M.; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Rosson, C. Parr

    1999-06-23

    understanding of risk and how to manage it. Sources of Risk At least four major sources of risk are important to U.S. agriculture. Each con- tains a crucial linkage to the world economy, leading to greater risk for the U.S. farmer. 1. Weather and Natural... Disasters. Normal fluctuations in global weather pat- terns affect world production of farm products, which in turn affects the prices of these products. Livestock producers are affected directly through weather impacts on forage crops and indirectly through...

  11. Green Economy Toolbox | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlantMagmaIncentives Jump to:energyGreenGreenEconomy

  12. Clean Economy Network Foundation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,ThermalCubaParker,GeorgiaValleyClean Economy Network

  13. Increasing the thermoelectric figure of merit of tetrahedrites by Co-doping with nickel and zinc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, X; Morelli, DT; Xia, Y; Ozolins, V

    2015-01-01

    Increasing  the  Thermoelectric  Figure  of  Merit  of  increase   in   the   thermoelectric   figure   of   merit  coefficient  and  thermoelectric  power  factor;  and  2)  

  14. The Political economy of environmental policy with overlapping generations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Rezai, Amon

    2012-01-01

    current rental rate, and environmental policy increases the1998): “Environmental tax policy and intergenerationalPolitical Economy of Environmental Policy with Overlapping

  15. Commodity Money in a Convex Trading Post Sequence Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2008-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:signal its supply. The trading post sequence economy modelin a Walrasian trading post example,” Economics Letters,

  16. The Solar Economy: Renewable Energy for a Sustainable Global Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2003-01-01

    Pakistan Hermann Scheer. The Solar Economy: Renewable EnergyRenewable Energy for a Sustainable Global Future By Hermann Scheer Reviewed by Umar Karim Mirza Pakistan

  17. Reconsidering Sustainable Development: Urbanization, Political-Economy, and Deliberative Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman-Alcalá, Antonio M.M.

    2013-01-01

    32, (2012): 3-11. Sustainable Development Connelly, Michael.state economy. ” Sustainable Development Commission of theBroadview Press, 2006. Sustainable Development Jones, D.W. “

  18. Reconsidering Sustainable Development: Urbanization, Political-Economy, and Deliberative Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman-Alcalá, Antonio M.M.

    2013-01-01

    300. Springer, 2007. Sustainable Development Woods, N. , and32, (2012): 3-11. Sustainable Development Connelly, Michael.state economy. ” Sustainable Development Commission of the

  19. ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 02 PETROLEUM; 01 COAL, LIGNITE...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Philippines: Asia Pacific energy series: Country report Hoffman, S. 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 02 PETROLEUM; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; PHILIPPINES; ECONOMIC...

  20. 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of district heating systems McDonald, C.L. 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; DISTRICT...

  1. Sustainable Energy Economy: The Next Challenge for Systems Engineers; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snyder, N.

    2008-06-01

    This paper discusses large, past projects that may provide insights into how systems engineers can help in the transition to a sustainable energy economy.

  2. Darleane C. 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; SCIENTIFIC...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    contributions of Glenn T. Seaborg on nuclear science Hoffman, Darleane C. 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; SCIENTIFIC PERSONNEL; TECHNOLOGY IMPACTS; CHEMISTRY; EDUCATION;...

  3. Enhancing low-carbon development by greening the economy: policy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enhancing low-carbon development by greening the economy: policy dialogue, advisory services, benchmarking Jump to: navigation, search Name Enhancing low-carbon development by...

  4. Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bangladesh Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh AgencyCompany...

  5. Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Clean Transportation Alternatives Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives Town of Hempstead: Project Energy, From Project Execution to Outreach &...

  6. Figure 1. Location of geologic provinces considered in this study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of northeast Mexico and southeast Texas. The Pimienta Formation of the Tampico-Misantla Basin is equivalent equivalent to the Agua Nue- va Formation of northeast Mexico (Peterson, 1985). [Gp., Group; Fm., Formation; Cgl., conglomerate; Ls., limestone; Sh., shale; Evap., evaporite] Figure 3. Schematic diagram showing

  7. List of Figures xii List of Tables xv

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 II Energy Supply Chains 139 6 Electric Power Supply Chains 141 6.1 The Supply Chain ModelContents List of Figures xii List of Tables xv Preface xvi I Supply Chain Networks 1 1 Introduction and Overview 3 2 Supply Chain Networks 9 2.1 The Supply Chain Network Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2

  8. Ion beam figuring of small optical components Thomas W. Drueding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bifano, Thomas

    machining system at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. This system is designed for processing small (10-cm Flight Center, Alabama 35812 Scott R. Wilson Sandia Systems Incorporated 2655-A PanAmerican Freeway NE provides a method for performing the figuring process with advantages over standard mechanical methods. Ion

  9. ORANGE COUNTY FACTS & FIGURES Center for Demographic Research, March 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Population Projections (OCP-2010 Modified) Source: Center for Demographic Research HOUSING Current DOF Decennial Census Figure 4/1/2010: 1,048,907 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2010 Housing Projections (OCP Price of Existing Resale Single Family Dwelling Units Feb 2013 Jan 2014 Feb 2014 Feb `13 to Feb `14

  10. Disorder enhances thermoelectric figure of merit in armchair graphane nanoribbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    Disorder enhances thermoelectric figure of merit in armchair graphane nanoribbons Xiaoxi Ni,1 2009; accepted 20 October 2009; published online 13 November 2009 We study the thermoelectric property-based materials a viable choice for thermoelectric applications. © 2009 American Institute of Physics. doi:10

  11. ASSESSING GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTIONS IN THE TRANSITION ECONOMIES USING A HYBRID ENERGY-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ASSESSING GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTIONS IN THE TRANSITION ECONOMIES USING A HYBRID ENERGY- ECONOMY: Assessing Greenhouse Gas Reductions in the Transition Economies Using a Hybrid Energy- Economy Model Project/Approved: _______________________________________ #12;iii ABSTRACT In this research, the CIMS hybrid energy-economy modelling framework is used

  12. A framework for assessing the political economy of post-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    A framework for assessing the political economy of post-2012 global climate regime Bettina Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 80 #12;A framework for assessing the political economy, Environment, Energy 3: Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences

  13. SIMULATING MARKET TRANSFORMATION DYNAMICS USING A HYBRID ENERGY ECONOMY MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ii SIMULATING MARKET TRANSFORMATION DYNAMICS USING A HYBRID ENERGY ECONOMY MODEL: A LOOK the likely effects of alternative policies, potential adoption rates of clean technologies, and costs to society in the long run. My goal was to use a "hybrid" energy economy model (CIMS), which combines

  14. A Breakout Year Propels New Jersey Economy into 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Public Policy and Sitar Company · ONCOR International Plenty of Space for Planned Projects O ffice the future. During the past four years, America went from a GO-GO economy to a SLOW-GO economy to a NO markets in Northern and Central New Jersey Published by the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning

  15. Digital System Design Figure 7.1. Tri-state driver.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalla, Priyank

    for Chapter 7 #12;Figure 7.15. Timing simulation for the Verilog code in Figure 7.14. #12;Figure 7.16 Pseudo-code;Figure 7.17. ASM chart for the pseudo-code in Figure 7.16. Please see "portrait orientation" Power-shift A ; end for; (b) Pseudo-code Multiplicand1 1 Product Multiplier1 0 0 1 1 1 1101 1011 0000 1011 01 001111

  16. With or Against the People? The Impact of a Bottom-Up Approach on Tax Morale and the Shadow Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Schneider, Friedrich; Schaltegger, Christoph A.

    2007-01-01

    Corruption and the Shadow Economy: An Empirical Analysis,Journal of Political Economy Feld, L. P. , Kirchgässner,G. 2001. The Political Economy of Direct Legislation: Direct

  17. Analysis of the Relationship Between Vehicle Weight/Size and Safety, and Implications for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, Thomas P.

    2010-01-01

    for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation Final Report preparedand have higher fuel economy, and safer than conventionaland have higher fuel economy, without sacrificing safety. 1.

  18. TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Matthew

    TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber Dept, thatexploitsthe hearer's recognitionof inferentiallinkstomaterial elsewhere withina sentence. Textual economy argue that achieving textual economy imposes strong requirements on the representation and reasoning

  19. Aggregate Dynamics in a Large Virtual Economy: Prices and Real Activity in Team Fortress 2*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumer, Matt; Kephart, Curtis

    2015-01-01

    The Journal of Political Economy, pages 34–55, 1974. Adamin a Large Virtual Economy: Prices and Real Activity in Teamactivity in a large virtual economy which was designed to

  20. Fact #813: January 20, 2014 New Light Vehicle Fuel Economy Continues...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: January 20, 2014 New Light Vehicle Fuel Economy Continues to Rise Fact 813: January 20, 2014 New Light Vehicle Fuel Economy Continues to Rise The sales-weighted fuel economy...

  1. a survey of michigan residents PUBLIC OPINION OF THE NEW ECONOMY,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    a survey of michigan residents PUBLIC OPINION OF THE NEW ECONOMY, PLACEMAKING AND ECONOMIC's Michigan Applied Public Policy Research Grant. #12;Public Opinion of the New Economy, Placemaking................................................................................................................................................1 The New Economy and the Michigan Prosperity Initiative

  2. Fact #626: June 7, 2010 Fuel Economy for Light and Heavy Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6: June 7, 2010 Fuel Economy for Light and Heavy Vehicles Fact 626: June 7, 2010 Fuel Economy for Light and Heavy Vehicles In the next few years it is expected that fuel economy...

  3. Law for a Flat World: Legal Infrastructure and the New Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadfield, Gillian K

    2010-01-01

    we are  witnessing in the economy and global economic methods of the old economy.   It requires nothing less than Greenspan “The American Economy in World Context” Remarks 

  4. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01

    K. , 1993b, Fuel Prices and Economy: Factors Effecting LandCar Test and Actual Fuel Economy: Yet Another Gap? Transportof automobile fuel economy in Europe. Energy Policy 34 14.

  5. Increasing the Fuel Economy and Safety of New Light-Duty Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, Tom; Ross, Marc

    2006-01-01

    Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through2004. “The effect of fuel economy on automobile safety: aM. , 2002. “Near-term fuel economy potential for light-duty

  6. Shadow Economy, Tax Morale, Governance and Institutional Quality: A Panel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Schneider, Friedrich

    2007-01-01

    Exploring the Underground Economy. Kalamazoo W. E. UpjohnDependent Variable: Shadow Economy FE A) GOVERN. /INSTIT.of Tax Reform in the Global Economy. New York: Springer, pp.

  7. Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content Fact 588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content The fuel economy of a vehicle is...

  8. Polarized Ion Beams in Figure-8 Rings of JLab's MEIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derbenev, Yaroslav; Lin, Fanglei; Morozov, Vasiliy; Zhang, Yuhong; Kondratenko, Anatoliy; Kondratenko, M.A.; Filatov, Yury

    2014-07-01

    The Medium-energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) proposed by Jefferson Lab is designed to provide high polarization of both colliding beams. One of the unique features of JLab's MEIC is figure-8 shape of its rings. It allows preservation and control of polarization of all ion species including small-anomalous-magnetic-moment deuterons during their acceleration and storage. The figure-8 design conceptually expands the capability of obtaining polarized high-energy beams in comparison to conventional designs because of its property of having no preferred periodic spin direction. This allows one to control effectively the beam polarization by means of magnetic insertions with small field integrals. We present a complete scheme for preserving the ion polarization during all stages of acceleration and its control in the collider's experimental straights.

  9. NOvA (Fermilab E929) Official Plots and Figures

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The NOvA collaboration, consisting of 180 researchers across 28 institutions and managed by the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), is developing instruments for a neutrino-focused experiment that will attempt to answer three fundamental questions in neutrino physics: 1) Can we observe the oscillation of muon neutrinos to electron neutrinos; 2) What is the ordering of the neutrino masses; and 3) What is the symmetry between matter and antimatter? The collaboration makes various data plots and figures available. These are grouped under five headings, with brief descriptions included for each individual figure: Neutrino Spectra, Detector Overview, Theta12 Mass Hierarchy CP phase, Theta 23 Delta Msqr23, and NuSterile.

  10. Patterned Fabric Know - How (Plaids, Stripes, Checks, and Figured Designs). 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anoymous,

    1984-01-01

    Fabric mow-Kbw Contents Design Principles and Patterned Fabrics Pattern Selection Fabric Construction Selecting and Preparing Fabric Kinds of Plaids and Stripes Pri nts Other Patterned Fabrics Combining Patterned Fabrics Amount of Fabric Needed... Fabric Preparation Pattern Placement For a Pleasi ng Effect For Matching Assembling the Garment Fabric Care References 3 4 4 5 5 5 6 7 7 7 7 7 9 10 10 11 PATTERNED FABRIC KNOW-HOW (Plaids, Stripes, Checks and Figured Designs...

  11. Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

  12. Rejuvenating the Chinese Defense Economy: Present Developments and Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEUNG, Tai Ming

    2011-01-01

    2011 Rejuvenating the Chinese Defense Economy: Presentand future prospects of the Chinese defense economy. Fifteeneven accelerate, as long as the Chinese leadership remains

  13. Rejuvenating the Chinese Defense Economy: Present Developments and Future Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEUNG, Tai Ming

    2011-01-01

    AND ENGINEERING TALENT The Chinese defense economy has aand engineering graduates to satisfy demand from both the civilian and defense economies,

  14. Fact #833: August 11, 2014 Fuel Economy Rated Second Most Important...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: August 11, 2014 Fuel Economy Rated Second Most Important Vehicle Attribute Fact 833: August 11, 2014 Fuel Economy Rated Second Most Important Vehicle Attribute A 2014 survey...

  15. Safety Training for the Hydrogen Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fassbender, Linda L.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Akers, Bret M.

    2006-04-11

    PNNL and the Volpentest Hazardous Materials Management and Emergency Response (HAMMER) Training and Education Center are helping to prepare emergency responders and permitting/code enforcement officials for their respective roles in the future Hydrogen Economy. Safety will be a critical component of the anticipated hydrogen transition. Public confidence goes hand in hand with perceived safety to such an extent that, without it, the envisioned transition is unlikely to occur. Stakeholders and the public must be reassured that hydrogen, although very different from gasoline and other conventional fuels, is no more dangerous. Ensuring safety in the hydrogen infrastructure will require a suitably trained emergency response force for containing the inevitable incidents as they occur, coupled with knowledgeable code officials to ensure that such incidents are kept to a minimum. PNNL and HAMMER are, therefore, designing a hydrogen safety training program, funded by DOE's Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program, and modeled after the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s multi-tiered approach to hazardous materials training. Capabilities under development at HAMMER include classroom and long-distance (i.e., satellite and internet broadcast) learning, as well as life-size, hands-on hydrogen burn props for “training as real as it gets.” This paper presents insights gained from the early emergency response hydrogen safety training courses held in 2005 and current plans for design and construction of a number of hydrogen burn props.

  16. Method of predicting a change in an economy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pryor, Richard J (Albuquerque, NM); Basu, Nipa (Albany, NY)

    2006-01-10

    An economy whose activity is to be predicted comprises a plurality of decision makers. Decision makers include, for example, households, government, industry, and banks. The decision makers are represented by agents, where an agent can represent one or more decision makers. Each agent has decision rules that determine the agent's actions. Each agent can affect the economy by affecting variable conditions characteristic of the economy or the internal state of other agents. Agents can communicate actions through messages. On a multiprocessor computer, the agents can be assigned to processing elements.

  17. Environmental policy in transition economies : the effectiveness of pollution changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Söderholm, Patrik

    1999-01-01

    Most economists and analysts claim that extended use of pollution charges in environmental policy will have substantial efficiency advantages in countries undergoing transition to market economies. Essentially this paper ...

  18. Assessment of California reformulated gasoline impact on vehicle fuel economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aceves, S., LLNL

    1997-01-01

    Fuel economy data contained in the 1996 California Air Resources Board (CARB) report with respect to the introduction of California Reformulated Gasoline (CaRFG) has been examined and reanalyzed by two additional statistical methodologies. Additional data has also been analyzed by these two statistical approaches. Within the assumptions of the analysis, point estimates for the reduction in fuel economy using CaRFG as compared to conventional, non-reformulated gasoline were 2-4%, with a 95% upper confidence bound of 6%. Substantial variations in fuel economy are routine and inevitable due to additional factors which affect mileage, even if there is no change in fuel reformulation. This additional analysis confirms the conclusion reached by CARB with respect to the impact of CaRFG on fuel economy.

  19. PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy June 5, 2012 Harrisburg University University Drexel Nanotechnology Institute (DNI) Harrisburg Area Community College Harrisburg University of Science and Technology Lehigh University Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology (CAMN) Penn

  20. By Marc Hequet VVhen the economy tanked and business-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    By Marc Hequet VVhen the economy tanked and business- es closed, landlords got creative, filling little ability to shield neigh- bors from the impact. The League of Ari^iona Cities and Towns opposed

  1. Extractive Economies, Growth, and the Poor Graham A. Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , poverty, or per capita gross domestic product (GDP) relative to the level of that same indicator in a group of peer economies; and their growth in human devel- opment, poverty, or per capita GDP relative

  2. A Strong California Economy Spurs Real Estate Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Cynthia

    1998-01-01

    94720-1922 Fisher Center for Real Estate and Urban EconomicsFall Fisher Center f or Real Estate and Urban Economics •A Strong California Economy Spurs Real Estate Activity T he

  3. Public Attitudes toward a Market Economy in Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minh Hac, Pham; Thanh Nghi, Pham

    2006-01-01

    of Worker Skill Acquisition in Vietnam. Paper read at theStatistics Office. 2002. Vietnam Economy in the Years ofProgram. Vo Dai Luoc. 2004. Vietnam’s economic renovation

  4. Supply chain practices in the context of an emerging economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhaumik, Vijan

    2010-01-01

    The emergence of the BRIC economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China as a formidable economic powerhouse is turning into a reality. The center of the world's economic gravity is slowly shifting towards these emerging ...

  5. Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy - House...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ernest Moniz, Secretary of Energy Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy - House Energy and Commerce Committee 7-31-13ErnestMoniz FT HEC.pdf More Documents &...

  6. Fact #684: July 18, 2011 Fuel Economy versus Fuel Savings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An increase in fuel economy by 5 miles per gallon (mpg) does not translate to a constant fuel savings amount. Thus, trading a low-mpg car or truck for one with just slightly better mpg will save...

  7. New spaces for living and working in the creative economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    England, Krystal Ann, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    With economic development agencies and city planners increasingly aware of the role of the arts in local economies, artist housing appears to be an essential step in the cultivation and retention of an arts community. While ...

  8. The Road to Improved Heavy Duty Fuel Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Heavy duty diesel engine fuel economy is improved by lowering the viscosity of engine lubricant, especially when engine speed is increased or load is decreased, as in long distance on-highway driving

  9. When governments break contracts : foreign firms in emerging economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellhausen, Rachel L. (Rachel Louise)

    2012-01-01

    Emerging economy governments commit to protect the property rights of foreign firms through a variety of contracts, from treaties to direct agreements. In an era of liberalized capital flows, these contracts are thought ...

  10. Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    are still in the 15-20 mpg range, more than 37% in 2009 and 2010 were 20 mpg or higher. New Car Market Share by Fuel Economy, MY1975-2010 Graph showing new car market share by...

  11. New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards Will Continue to Inspire Innovation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    sets aggressive new fuel-economy standards for cars and light-duty trucks. A number of Energy Department projects and investments are unleashing innovation that will create jobs...

  12. Fuel Prices and New Vehicle Fuel Economy in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klier, Thomas

    This paper evaluates the effect of fuel prices on new vehicle fuel economy in the eight largest European markets. The analysis spans the years 2002–2007 and uses detailed vehicle registration and specification data to ...

  13. Representing holy foolishness: an investigation of the holy fool as a critical figure in European cinema 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birzache, Alina Gabriela

    2013-07-05

    In this thesis I investigate the evolving figure of the holy fool as a critical figure in European cinema. Three national cinemas - Soviet and post-Soviet cinema, French cinema, and Danish cinema – form the primary focus ...

  14. Enhancing the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste Heat Recovery Enhancing the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste Heat Recovery Good ZT can occur in...

  15. Effect of Intake Air Filter Condition on Vehicle Fuel Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norman, Kevin M; Huff, Shean P; West, Brian H

    2009-02-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) jointly maintain a fuel economy website (www.fueleconomy.gov), which helps fulfill their responsibility under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 to provide accurate fuel economy information [in miles per gallon (mpg)] to consumers. The site provides information on EPA fuel economy ratings for passenger cars and light trucks from 1985 to the present and other relevant information related to energy use such as alternative fuels and driving and vehicle maintenance tips. In recent years, fluctuations in the price of crude oil and corresponding fluctuations in the price of gasoline and diesel fuels have renewed interest in vehicle fuel economy in the United States. (User sessions on the fuel economy website exceeded 20 million in 2008 compared to less than 5 million in 2004 and less than 1 million in 2001.) As a result of this renewed interest and the age of some of the references cited in the tips section of the website, DOE authorized the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC) to initiate studies to validate and improve these tips. This report documents a study aimed specifically at the effect of engine air filter condition on fuel economy. The goal of this study was to explore the effects of a clogged air filter on the fuel economy of vehicles operating over prescribed test cycles. Three newer vehicles (a 2007 Buick Lucerne, a 2006 Dodge Charger, and a 2003 Toyota Camry) and an older carbureted vehicle were tested. Results show that clogging the air filter has no significant effect on the fuel economy of the newer vehicles (all fuel injected with closed-loop control and one equipped with MDS). The engine control systems were able to maintain the desired AFR regardless of intake restrictions, and therefore fuel consumption was not increased. The carbureted engine did show a decrease in fuel economy with increasing restriction. However, the level of restriction required to cause a substantial (10-15%) decrease in fuel economy (such as that cited in the literature) was so severe that the vehicle was almost undrivable. Acceleration performance on all vehicles was improved with a clean air filter. Once it was determined how severe the restriction had to be to affect the carbureted vehicle fuel economy, the 2007 Buick Lucerne was retested in a similar manner. We were not able to achieve the level of restriction that was achieved with the 1972 Pontiac with the Lucerne. The Lucerne's air filter box would not hold the filter in place under such severe conditions. (It is believed that this testing exceeded the design limits of the air box.) Tests were conducted at a lower restriction level (although still considerably more severe than the initial clogged filter testing), allowing the air filter to stay seated in the air box, and no significant change was observed in the Lucerne's fuel economy or the AFR over the HFET cycle. Closed-loop control in modern fuel injected vehicle applications is sophisticated enough to keep a clogged air filter from affecting the vehicle fuel economy. However for older, open-loop, carbureted vehicles, a clogged air filter can affect the fuel economy. For the vehicle tested, the fuel economy with a new air filter improved as much as 14% over that with a severely clogged filter (in which the filter was so clogged that drivability was impacted). Under a more typical state of clog, the improvement with a new filter ranged from 2 to 6%.

  16. The Political economy of the Film Industry in Tanzania: From Socialism to an Open Market economy, 1961-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mwakalinga, Mona Ngusekela

    2010-12-15

    This study examines the film industry in Tanzania from the 1960s to 2010 and assesses how government policies, legislation, and cultural institutions have impacted filmmaking in Tanzania. By employing a critical political economy theoretical...

  17. Microsoft Word - Figure_05-2015new.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUMProvedFeet) Year (2002/03)3 Figure

  18. Figure 2. Energy Consumption of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas ProvedDec.12 13Cubic2 Figure

  19. 9-D polarized proton transport in the MEIC figure-8 collider ring: first steps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meot, F.; Morozov, V. S.

    2014-10-24

    Spin tracking studies in the MEIC figure-8 collider ion ring are presented, based on a very preliminary design of the lattice. They provide numerical illustrations of some of the aspects of the figure-8 concept, including spin-rotator based spin control, and lay out the path towards a complete spin tracking simulation of a figure-8 ring.

  20. Constructing thin subgroups commensurable with the figure-eight knot group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmedov, Azer

    Constructing thin subgroups commensurable with the figure-eight knot group S. Ballas & D. D. Long contains thin sub- groups commensurable with the figure-eight knot group. 1 Introduction. Following Sarnak. In this note, we shall exhibit subgroups of the fundamental group of the figure eight knot as subgroups

  1. Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 1E Roberts, Energy in US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutton, Michael

    ;Figure 32: Alternative Transportation Fuels T k l fTank volume for same energy as 55 liters of gasolineFigure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 2008 1E Roberts, Energy in US Source: www.eia.gov #12;Figure 2: US Liquid Demand by Sector and Fuel 2E Roberts, Energy in US Source: EIA: Annual Energy Outlook

  2. Texture evolution of vertically aligned biaxial tungsten nanorods using RHEED surface pole figure technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Gwo-Ching

    Texture evolution of vertically aligned biaxial tungsten nanorods using RHEED surface pole figure biaxial tungsten nanorods using RHEED surface pole figure technique R Krishnan1 , Y Liu2 , C Gaire2 , L (RHEED) pole figure technique. The initial polycrystalline film begins to show the inception of biaxial

  3. Mechanism for thermoelectric figure-of-merit enhancement in regimented quantum dot superlattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mechanism for thermoelectric figure-of-merit enhancement in regimented quantum dot superlattices propose a mechanism for enhancement of the thermoelectric figure-of-merit in regimented quantum dot, as a result, to the thermoelectric figure-of-merit enhancement. To maximize the improvement, one has to tune

  4. Thermoelectric figure of merit as a function of carrier propagation angle in semiconducting superlattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Erica

    Thermoelectric figure of merit as a function of carrier propagation angle in semiconducting;Thermoelectric figure of merit as a function of carrier propagation angle in semiconducting superlattices Shuo a fruitful approach for enhancing the figure of merit, ZT, of thermoelectric materials. Generally

  5. Fermilab E866 (NuSea) Figures and Data Plots

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    None

    The NuSea Experiment at Fermilab studied the internal structure of protons, in particular the difference between up quarks and down quarks. This experiment also addressed at least two other physics questions: nuclear effects on the production of charmonia states (bound states of charm and anti-charm quarks) and energy loss of quarks in nuclei from Drell-Yan measurements on nuclei. While much of the NuSea data are available only to the collaboration, figures, data plots, and tables are presented as stand-alone items for viewing or download. They are listed in conjunction with the published papers, theses, or presentations in which they first appeared. The date range is 1998 to 2008. To see these figures and plots, click on E866 publications or go directly to http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/papers.html. Theses are at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866theses/e866theses.html and the presentations are found at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866talks/e866talks.html. Many of the items are postscript files.

  6. 17.100J / 14.781J / 15.678J Political Economy I: Theories of the State and the Economy, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piore, Michael

    Political Economy I explores the major social science paradigms for analyzing relations among state, economy, and society. Through readings, lectures and discussion of original texts in political liberalism and individualism, ...

  7. Figure 6: An MTAH for 11 lung tumor contours generated by MDISC based on area, circularity, and extrusiveness.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Figure 6: An MTAH for 11 lung tumor contours generated by M­DISC based on area, circularity, and extrusiveness. Figure 7: The CT scanned lung image for image 6 (in Figure 3) with the lung tumor contour

  8. Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

  9. Figure 11 shows the reference irradiance spectrum proposed by Thuillier et al Figure 12 shows the Kitt Peak absolute irradiance spectrum smoothed using a 0.5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurucz, Robert L.

    Figure 11 shows the reference irradiance spectrum proposed by Thuillier et al (2004). Figure 12 shows the Kitt Peak absolute irradiance spectrum smoothed using a 0.5 nm triangular bandpass irradiance spectrum subjectively normalized to the Thuillier et al irradiance spectrum. I recommend

  10. Figures 1 et 2 : relevs de tempratures au Pic du Midi Figure 3 : relevs de concentration en dioxyde de carbone au Pic du Midi, Begur (Catalogne) et

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dintrans, Boris

    Aérologie Figures 1 et 2 : relevés de températures au Pic du Midi #12;Figure 3 : relevés de concentration en dioxyde de carbone au Pic du Midi, à Begur (Catalogne) et à Mauna Loa (Hawaï) Questions : Les-rouge. Comment peut-on expliquer l'élévation de température nocturne observée au Pic du Midi ? Quelle hypothèse

  11. STAR (Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC) Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The STAR Collaboration

    The primary physics task of STAR is to study the formation and characteristics of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a state of matter believed to exist at sufficiently high energy densities. STAR consists of several types of detectors, each specializing in detecting certain types of particles or characterizing their motion. These detectors work together in an advanced data acquisition and subsequent physics analysis that allows final statements to be made about the collision. The STAR Publications page provides access to all published papers by the STAR Collaboration, and many of them have separate links to the figures and data found in or supporting the paper. See also the data-rich summaries of the research at http://www.star.bnl.gov/central/physics/results/. [See also DDE00230

  12. BRAHMS (Broad Range Hadron Magnetic Spectrometer) Figures and Data Archive

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The BRAHMS experiment was designed to measure charged hadrons over a wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum to study the reaction mechanisms of the relativistic heavy ion reactions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the properties of the highly excited nuclear matter formed in these reactions. The experiment took its first data during the RHIC 2000 year run and completed data taking in June 2006. The BRAHMS archive makes publications available and also makes data and figures from those publications available as separate items. See also the complete list of publications, multimedia presentations, and related papers at http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/publications.html

  13. Metabolic paths in world economy and crude oil price

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Picciolo, Francesco; Ruzzenenti, Franco

    2015-01-01

    In 1983 Hamilton demonstrated the correlation between the price of oil and gross national product for the U.S. economy. A prolific literature followed exploring the potential correlation of oil prices with other important indices like inflation, industrial production, and food prices, using increasingly refined tools. Our work sheds new light on the role of oil prices in shaping the world economy by investigating the metabolic paths of value across trade between 1960 and 2010, by means of Markov Chain analysis. We show that the interdependence of countries' economies are strictly (anti)correlated to the price of oil. We observed a remarkably high correlation of 0.85, unmatched by any former study addressing the correlation between oil price and major economic indicators.

  14. Multiply Connected Topological Economics, Confidence Relation and Political Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Fang Chang

    2010-02-14

    Using the similar formulas of the preference relation and the utility function, we propose the confidence relations and the corresponding influence functions that represent various interacting strengths of different families, cliques and systems of organization. Since they can affect products, profit and prices, etc., in an economic system, and are usually independent of economic results, therefore, the system can produce a multiply connected topological economics. If the political economy is an economy chaperoned polity, it will produce consequentially a binary economy. When the changes of the product and the influence are independent one another, they may be a node or saddle point. When the influence function large enough achieves a certain threshold value, it will form a wormhole with loss of capital. Various powers produce usually the economic wormhole and various corruptions.

  15. Evaluating Energy Efficiency Policies with Energy-Economy Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mundaca, Luis; Neij, Lena; Worrell, Ernst; McNeil, Michael A.

    2010-08-01

    The growing complexities of energy systems, environmental problems and technology markets are driving and testing most energy-economy models to their limits. To further advance bottom-up models from a multidisciplinary energy efficiency policy evaluation perspective, we review and critically analyse bottom-up energy-economy models and corresponding evaluation studies on energy efficiency policies to induce technological change. We use the household sector as a case study. Our analysis focuses on decision frameworks for technology choice, type of evaluation being carried out, treatment of market and behavioural failures, evaluated policy instruments, and key determinants used to mimic policy instruments. Although the review confirms criticism related to energy-economy models (e.g. unrealistic representation of decision-making by consumers when choosing technologies), they provide valuable guidance for policy evaluation related to energy efficiency. Different areas to further advance models remain open, particularly related to modelling issues, techno-economic and environmental aspects, behavioural determinants, and policy considerations.

  16. Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R. P.

    2009-08-01

    The goal of this study is to examine the marginal lands in Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies and evaluate their biomass productivity potential. Twelve categories of marginal lands are identified using the Global Agro-Ecological Zones system of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.

  17. GREEN ENERGY ECONOMIES THE SEARCH FOR CLEAN AND RENEWABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    GREEN ENERGY ECONOMIES THE SEARCH FOR CLEAN AND RENEWABLE ENERGY Edited by JOHN BYRNE YOUNG in discussions of potential energy futures has steadily grown. The increasing awareness of--and importance given to photovoltaics (PV) and other renewable energy installations, and grows by a factor of four when resources

  18. PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    4/23/2009 Present PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy May 27 of green technologies and alternative energy. The PA Initiative for Nanotechnology (PIN), established organizations - Drexel University's DNI, the LNN of Lehigh University, and The Nanotechnology Institute (NTI

  19. PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy Date: June 5, 2012 Time: 7:30 am collaborative nanotechnology research, education, technology transfer, entrepreneurship, and commercialization within the Commonwealth. · Publicize and promote PA leadership in nanotechnology R&D, workforce education

  20. Ask the Experts: How Hurricanes Affect Our Wallets & the Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Ask the Experts: How Hurricanes Affect Our Wallets & the Economy by John Kiernan on November 12 costs in its aftermath? And are there ways that we can better prepare for hurricanes in the future of the universities that are most vulnerable to and familiar with hurricanes, including Florida Atlantic University

  1. Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy Ashley Langer University 2008 Abstract The relationship between gasoline prices and the demand for vehicle fuel efficiency evidence that automobile manufacturers set vehicle prices as if consumers respond to gasoline prices. We

  2. GREEN ENERGY ECONOMIES THE SEARCH FOR CLEAN AND RENEWABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    . While working toward an alternative-energy future, the practical and philosophical narratives offered incorporates long-term environmental and social considerations, thus introducing wholly new, alternative energyGREEN ENERGY ECONOMIES THE SEARCH FOR CLEAN AND RENEWABLE ENERGY Edited by JOHN BYRNE YOUNG

  3. A HYDROGEN ECONOMY MATTVINCENTILLUSTRATION;JOERAEDLEGettyImages(photograph)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    A HYDROGEN ECONOMY MATTVINCENTILLUSTRATION;JOERAEDLEGettyImages(photograph) Developing cleaner of hydrogen as a transportation fuel. Unfortunately, the commercializa- tion of electric vehicles has been- butionwillbecostly. High Hopes for 94 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN Will motorists someday fill up their tanks with hydrogen

  4. DISCUSSION: ECONOMIES OF SCALE AND SCOPE IN AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foltz, Jeremy D.

    incentives for research, new avenues of rents for firms and the public sector in agriculture, and new types and applied research or product development) as well as between dif- ferent types of research organizationsDISCUSSION: ECONOMIES OF SCALE AND SCOPE IN AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH JEREMY D. FOLTZ

  5. DRI Model of the U.S. Economy -- Model Documentation:

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1993-01-01

    Provides documentation on Data Resources, Inc., DRI Model of the U.S. Economy and the DRI Personal Computer Input/Output Model. It also describes the theoretical basis, structure and functions of both DRI models; and contains brief descriptions of the models and their equations.

  6. HOW CONSUMERS VALUE FUEL ECONOMY: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -6283 managed by UT-BATTELLE, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 #12 ...............................................................................................................1 2. ALTERNATIVE MODELS OF CONSUMERS' EVALUATION OF FUEL ECONOMY ........................................................................................................................59 Appendix: REFERENCE ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT VEHICLE USE, LIFETIME AND DISCOUNTING

  7. ESTIMATING CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR IN AN ENERGY-ECONOMY POLICY MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    furnace emissions to 2050. Despite insufficient variation in energy prices over the historical periodESTIMATING CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR IN AN ENERGY-ECONOMY POLICY MODEL by Dale Beugin B.A.Sc., University Degree: Master of Resource Management Title of Thesis: Estimating Consumer Behaviour in an Energy

  8. A Time Pussy Theory on Capitalist Economy Qiudong Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Quidong

    , for immediate prosperity of a free market economy is largely based on the confidence and trust of all involved that, in a free market economic system, the profit businesses make today is the growth in future transforms the value of advancement of science and technology into business profits, is Joseph Schumpeter

  9. Oil vs. Natural Gas: Prices and US Economy Wide Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Oil vs. Natural Gas: Prices and US Economy Wide Factors UC Davis October 1, 2015 Stephen Brown.S. reliance on imported natural gas · Substantially lower natural gas prices · How has natural gas consumption responded? · Will natural gas prices remain low relative to oil? · Brown and Yücel (2008); Huntington (2007

  10. Modelling the balanced transition to a sustainable economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bastin, Georges

    of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) which is the major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. The model emissions, CO2 intensity, ecological Department of Mathematical Engineering, ICTEAM, Universit´e catholique. We consider a world economy with two subregions that are endowed with greenhouse gas emissions

  11. III. -ECONOMY Pig production : short-term prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . The price formation of other components in the « feedstuff cost » (manioc, bran, other oilmeals) is also price forecasting H. MAROUBY LT.P., Service Economie, 34, bd de la Gare, 3150!0 Toulouse As pig price forecasting, a management based on forecasting in livestock rearing relies on an estimation of the feed price

  12. Comments on the Joint Proposed Rulemaking to Establish Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, Thomas P

    2010-01-01

    on occupant safety than fuel economy standards that arethe automobile fuel economy standards program, NHTSA docketCorporate Average Fuel Economy Standards Docket No. NHTSA–

  13. Nature Methods: doi:10.1038/nmeth.3395 Supplementary Figure 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    ;Nature Methods: doi:10.1038/nmeth.3395 Supplementary Figure 12 Dispensing manifold, basic engineering; additional engineering diagrams with more detailed specifications are available upon request. #12;Nature

  14. Predator, Prisoner, and Role Model: The Evolving Figure of Mrs. Robinson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Predator, Prisoner, and Role Model: The Evolving Figure ofsociety perceives them. Prisoner: Neither cold predators,a young female. This prisoner portrayal would be impossible

  15. The Political Economy of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swinnen, Johan

    2005-01-01

    Economy of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU JohanEconomy of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU Johan F.M.changes” Agri-environmental policies are only fraction of

  16. Fact #870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress, 1978-2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is the sales-weighted harmonic mean fuel economy of a manufacturer’s fleet of new cars or light trucks in a certain model year (MY). First enacted by...

  17. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in A Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2007-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with TransactionExchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction

  18. Bioenergy Demand in a Market Driven Forest Economy (U.S. South...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bioenergy Demand in a Market Driven Forest Economy (U.S. South) Bioenergy Demand in a Market Driven Forest Economy (U.S. South) Breakout Session 1A: Biomass Feedstocks for the...

  19. Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities in APEC Economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R. P

    2008-11-01

    This survey of biomass resource assessments and assessment capabilities in Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies considered various sources: academic and government publications, media reports, and personal communication with contacts in member economies.

  20. Impacts of House Bill 56 on the Construction Economy in Alabama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilbo, David; Escamilla, Edelmiro; Bigelow, Ben F.; Garcia, Jose

    2014-01-01

    bill, and its impact on the construction economy in Alabama. The study utilized construction employment rates, construction GDP, and construction spending as the major indices detailing the “health” of the construction economy in Alabama. This research...

  1. The High-Tech Economy, Work, and Democracy 2.0: A Research Agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berins Collier, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    issues that arise with new hi-tech economy, that is, issuesconsists of those in new hi-tech fields. Needless to say,associated with the new hi-tech economy, they are familiar

  2. Of energy and the economy : theory and evidence for their functional relationship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Vincent H. (Vincent Hua-Cheng)

    2007-01-01

    This paper offers a set of explicit functional relationships that link energy and the economy. Despite the reliance on energy permeating the whole economy, no such complete relationships had been presented before. How ...

  3. Recipe for Reform: The Food Economy Movement in Britain During the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Michael Dennis

    2009-01-01

    May 1917: 7. "More ration recipes: Rice pancakes and economyFood Economy League. War-Time Recipes for Households WhereFood in War Time and Recipes for Penny Meals. London, 1915-

  4. Political Economy Graduate Certificate c/o Department of Political Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Political Economy Graduate Certificate c/o Department of Political Science Clark C346 Colorado.stevis@colostate.edu Political Economy Graduate Interdisciplinary Studies Program Enrollment Form (*) (03/01/05) Name

  5. Fact #730: June 4, 2012 Fuel Economy of New Light Vehicles is...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: June 4, 2012 Fuel Economy of New Light Vehicles is Up 19% from 1980 to 2011 Fact 730: June 4, 2012 Fuel Economy of New Light Vehicles is Up 19% from 1980 to 2011 In addition to...

  6. Fact #680: June 20, 2011 Fuel Economy is "Most Important" When...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: June 20, 2011 Fuel Economy is "Most Important" When Buying a Vehicle Fact 680: June 20, 2011 Fuel Economy is "Most Important" When Buying a Vehicle A June 2011 survey asked the...

  7. Building on the Past, Facing the Future: Renewing the Creative Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    Building on the Past, Facing the Future: Renewing the Creative Economy of New Mexico 1 UNM Bureau's Arts and Cultural Economy #12;Bureau of Business & Economic Research Inventory & Analysis of NM

  8. Project Information Form Project Title Reducing Truck Emissions and Improving Truck Fuel Economy via ITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Reducing Truck Emissions and Improving Truck Fuel Economy new traffic flow and traffic light control concepts with respect to emissions and fuel economy. Some

  9. Spring 2012 MIA FARROW'S DARFUR ARCHIVE LOOKING AT WORLD RELIGIONS DRIVING THE ECONOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Spring 2012 MIA FARROW'S DARFUR ARCHIVE · LOOKING AT WORLD RELIGIONS · DRIVING THE ECONOMY GENO, and the hope that they will help make the world a better place. Driving the Economy Mary Holz

  10. Fact #657: January 10, 2011 Record Increase for New Light Vehicle Fuel Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The sales-weighted fuel economy average of all light vehicles sold in model year (MY) 2009 was 1.4 miles per gallon (mpg) higher than MY2008. This is the largest annual increase in fuel economy...

  11. Fact #793: August 19, 2013 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: August 19, 2013 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low-MPG Vehicles Yield the Greatest Fuel Savings Fact 793: August 19, 2013 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low-MPG Vehicles...

  12. Rare booms and disasters in a multi-sector endowment economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahana, Michael J.

    Rare booms and disasters in a multi-sector endowment economy Jerry Tsai University of Oxford to booms than for those that are not. We build a general equilibrium endowment economy in which growth

  13. 54.5 MPG and Beyond: Materials Lighten the Load for Fuel Economy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    54.5 MPG and Beyond: Materials Lighten the Load for Fuel Economy 54.5 MPG and Beyond: Materials Lighten the Load for Fuel Economy December 4, 2012 - 12:06pm Addthis Lightweight...

  14. Regulating the cellular economy of supply and demand Jan-Hendrik S. HofmeyraY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minireview Regulating the cellular economy of supply and demand Jan-Hendrik S. HofmeyraY *, Athel March 2000 Edited by Gunnar von Heijne Abstract Cellular metabolism is a molecular economy

  15. Fact #594: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes Fact 594: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes The graph...

  16. 2012 Fuel Economy of New Vehicles Sets Record High: EPA | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2012 Fuel Economy of New Vehicles Sets Record High: EPA 2012 Fuel Economy of New Vehicles Sets Record High: EPA December 18, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The U.S. Environmental...

  17. Reclaiming the Economy: Alternatives to Market Fundamentalism in Scotland and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reclaiming the Economy: Alternatives to Market Fundamentalism in Scotland and Beyond edited to explain why it is essential to retain public ownership. To begin with, as #12;Reclaiming the Economy

  18. Fact #629: June 28, 2010 Top Ten Misconceptions about Fuel Economy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    629: June 28, 2010 Top Ten Misconceptions about Fuel Economy The Fuel Economy Guide Web site, sponsored by the U. S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection...

  19. Appel d'offre Call for application Chaire Economie de l'innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    appel d'offre pour la création d'une chaire de recherche et de formationAppel d'offre ­ Call for application Chaire « Economie de l Economie et Management). Il pourra aussi faciliter les interactions de recherche

  20. Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5 Biopower Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5 Biopower This page contains information on the...

  1. Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly 64% of new cars sold in model year (MY) 1975 had combined highway/city fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less [blue shading]. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or...

  2. Fact #591: October 5, 2009 Consumer Reports Tests Vehicle Fuel Economy by Speed

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Seven vehicles were tested by Consumer Reports recently to determine the fuel economy of the vehicles at a given speed. For these vehicles, the decline in fuel economy from a speed of 55 miles per...

  3. The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Read the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide to inform your new car purchase this year. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.comThomasEyeDesign Read the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide to inform your...

  4. How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? November 12, 2009 - 8:36am Addthis...

  5. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01

    Circle of Measuring Automobile Fuel Use, Energy Policy 21. (M. , Dolan, K. , 1993b, Fuel Prices and Economy: Factors1994. New Car Test and Actual Fuel Economy: Yet Another Gap?

  6. Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy without sacrificing safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

    2008-01-01

    Ford delays plans to boost fuel economy of its SUVs. WallImproving safety without impacting fuel economy. Honda MotorCompany, October 4. SIPPING FUEL AND SAVING LIVES / 24

  7. Multi-Mode RCCI Has Great Potential to Improve Fuel Economy in...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Mode RCCI Has Great Potential to Improve Fuel Economy in Light-Duty Diesel Engines Multi-Mode RCCI Has Great Potential to Improve Fuel Economy in Light-Duty Diesel Engines February...

  8. The Evolution of Economies of Scale Regarding Pollution Control: Cross-Sectional Evidence from a Transition Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earnhart, Dietrich H.; Lizal, Lubomir

    2011-01-01

    This paper assesses whether firms face economies and/or diseconomies of scale with respect to air pollution control by evaluating the effects of production on firm-level air emission levels. To achieve this objective, this paper uses an unbalanced...

  9. The Great Transformation: Looking back on Kenya’s economy to examine the spaces for alternative economies today 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemdriksen, Kirri

    2014-11-27

    surrounding ‘alternative’ spaces. Using the case study, it finds the notion of alternative to be subjective and dynamic. It finds that some elements of being alternative are more an extension of the market economy rather against it, the term in some cases...

  10. Measuring the Non-Observed Economy: A Survey-Based Study of Demand in the Korean Prostitution Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KIM, WONSOON

    2013-01-01

    the Non- Observed Economy: A Handbook, with Development,Brigita, comp. Non-Observed Economy In National Accounts.Measuring the Non-observed Economy. Publication. 5th ed.

  11. Using simulation software to solve engineering economy problems Eyler R. Coatesa,*, Michael E. Kuhlb,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhl, Michael E.

    Using simulation software to solve engineering economy problems Eyler R. Coatesa,*, Michael E in engineering economy problems can be fairly well defined. Much required information is uncertain the project life. Engineering economy problems with all deterministic inputs are actually special cases

  12. A fuel economy optimization system with applications in vehicles with human drivers and autonomous vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Changxu (Sean)

    A fuel economy optimization system with applications in vehicles with human drivers and autonomous University of New York, Buffalo, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Vehicle fuel economy Eco-driving Human developed and validated a new fuel-economy optimization system (FEOS), which receives input from vehicle

  13. INTEGRATING AGRICULTURAL AND FORESTRY GHG MITIGATION RESPONSE INTO GENEARL ECONOMY FRAMEWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    INTEGRATING AGRICULTURAL AND FORESTRY GHG MITIGATION RESPONSE INTO GENEARL ECONOMY FRAMEWORKS GHG MITIGATION RESPONSE INTO GENEARL ECONOMY FRAMEWORKS: DEVELOPING A FAMILY OF RESPONSE FUNCTIONS 1 of economy-wide analysis of greenhouse gas mitigation options can be found in a special issue of the Energy

  14. Libra: An Economy-Driven Job Scheduling System for Jahanzeb Sherwani, Nosheen Ali,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Libra: An Economy-Driven Job Scheduling System for Clusters Jahanzeb Sherwani, Nosheen Ali computational economy driven scheduling system called Libra, which has been designed to support allocation scheduler to the PBS (Portable Batch System) system. The scheduler offers market-based economy driven

  15. An Evaluation of Economy-based Resource Trading and Scheduling on Computational Power Grids for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    1 An Evaluation of Economy-based Resource Trading and Scheduling on Computational Power Grids, Computational Economy, Resource Trading, Nimrod/G Resource Broker, Scheduling, and Parameter Sweep Applications, resource allocation or co-allocation, online control, scalability, transparency, and "economy

  16. POLICIES AND TOOLS FOR EFFICIENT DESIGN OF BROADBAND DEVELOPMENT 2) IMPACT OF BROADBAND ON ECONOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ON ECONOMY Produced by University of Patras Co-authors: Bouras Christos, Kokkinos Vasileios, Diles Georgios) in the economy and society. Inadequacies in the telecommunication infrastructure and accessibility to services if there is a repayment and how much this is, in terms of local economy development, employment increase and other

  17. ECONOMY IS A PERSON: A Chinese-English Corpora and Ontological-based Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 ECONOMY IS A PERSON: A Chinese-English Corpora and Ontological-based Comparison Using@gate.sinica.edu.tw Abstract This paper proposes a corpora-based approach in comparing the Mapping Principles for economy). This research extends on the work of Ahrens, Chung and Huang (2003) by examining the `economy' metaphors

  18. A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    09-0588 A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy, Michalek, and Hendrickson 1 ABSTRACT The U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations, which aim fuel economy; Energy policy; Oligopolistic market; Mixed logit #12;Shiau, Michalek, and Hendrickson 2 1

  19. EconoGrid: A detailed Simulation Model of a Standards-based Grid Compute Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EconoGrid: A detailed Simulation Model of a Standards-based Grid Compute Economy EconoGrid is a detailed simulation model, implemented in SLX1 , of a grid compute economy that implements selected of users. In a grid compute economy, computing resources are sold to users in a market where price

  20. Impact of broadband public infrastructures and services on SEE countries' economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impact of broadband public infrastructures and services on SEE countries' economy Christos Bouras and services on the economy of South East Europe (SEE) areas. To this direction, we focus on evaluating in the economy and society. Inadequacies in the telecommunication infrastructure and ac- cessibility to services

  1. TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS ·Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber Dept efficientdescriptionsofobjects, actions and events. Wedefinea typeof efficiency, textual economy, thatexploitsthehearer goals, and is therefore overloaded in the sense of Pollack [18]. We argue that achieving textual economy

  2. An Economy-based Algorithm for Scheduling Data-Intensive Applications on Global Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    An Economy-based Algorithm for Scheduling Data-Intensive Applications on Global Grids Srikumar suggested a computational economy metaphor for resource management within compute and data grids. However, the issue of scheduling jobs that require distributed data within an economy-based data grid has not been

  3. What does the stock market have in common with our brain? The physics behind the economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Eshel Ben

    1 What does the stock market have in common with our brain? The physics behind the economy The? Econophysicist's analyze the world of economy through the glasses of physics, and explain why eventually hidden in the complexity of economies and financial markets. Imagine yourself entering into a store

  4. "Our political economy programs are unique in Canada." carleton.ca/politicaleconomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    "Our political economy programs are unique in Canada." carleton.ca/politicaleconomy GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN SHAPE YOUR FUTURE BASED ON YOUR RESEARCH INTERESTS The Institute of Political Economy offers issues from an interdisciplinary perspective. Political economy is the study of the ways in which power

  5. A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy Ching 2009 Accepted 29 August 2009 Keywords: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Energy policy Oligopolistic market Game theory Vehicle design a b s t r a c t The US Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE

  6. A Supply Chain Network Economy: Modeling and Qualitative Analysis Ding Zhang and June Dong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    A Supply Chain Network Economy: Modeling and Qualitative Analysis Ding Zhang and June Dong School a general network model for a supply chain economy since it is now recognized that when it comes. This chapter is organized as follows. In Section 2, we introduce the concept of a supply chain economy

  7. An Economy Driven Resource Management Architecture for Global Computational Power Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    An Economy Driven Resource Management Architecture for Global Computational Power Grids Rajkumar and scheduling driven by computational economy in the emerging grid computing context. They also apply this limitation, we have proposed an infrastructure called GRid Architecture for Computational Economy (GRACE

  8. Introduction1 While in some areas of the world the economy is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    Introduction1 While in some areas of the world the economy is growing and the purchasing power affects the global economy: the rich tends to become richer while the poorer unfortunately usually becomes developed economy, in which consumer have a rather strong purchasing power. The US, France and the UK

  9. ASSESSING CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION WITH A HYBRID ENERGY-ECONOMY APPROACH FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ASSESSING CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION WITH A HYBRID ENERGY-ECONOMY APPROACH FOR AFRICA, THE MIDDLE Management Title of Thesis: Assessing Climate Change Mitigation with a Hybrid Energy-Economy Approach create a hybrid energy-economy model for developing countries in Africa, the Middle East and Latin

  10. Created to Serve: Colorado State University's Impact on the State's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Created to Serve: Colorado State University's Impact on the State's Economy #12;2 Created to Serve: Created to Serve: Colorado State University's Impact on the State's Economy All data, research's Impact on the State's Economy Message from the President Colorado State, as a land-grant university

  11. The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council Prepared by Ian. Knowledge industry employment in Europe 6 4. Moving towards a knowledge based economy in Europe 7 5 10 8. Investing in knowledge 11 9. Next steps 23 Sponsors for the knowledge economy programme include

  12. Bibliography for Political Economy and Global Social Change v. 10/15/14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of political economy." 3. Mills, C. Wright. 1956. The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press. 4. 1944. The Great Transformation. New York, NY: Farrar & Reinhart, Inc. 6. Polanyi, Karl. "The economy and Market in the Early Empires: Economies in History and Theory. 7. Smith, Adam. 2003 [1776]. The Wealth

  13. Examining new fuel economy standards for the United States.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plotkin, S. E.; Energy Systems

    2007-01-01

    After decades of futile attempts to increase U.S. fuel economy standards for passenger cars, which have remained unchanged since enactment of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards in Title V of the 1975 Energy Policy Conservation Act, it seems increasingly likely that new and tougher standards will be enacted in the near future - especially after the Senate's 21 June passage of energy efficiency bill H.R. 6. As this magazine went to press, the bill, which calls for a 40 percent increase in vehicle fuel economy by 2020 among other efficiency and alternative energy goals, was headed to the House of Representatives for more debate. Congress has seen proposals like this since the 1980s, but this is the first time that one of them has passed in the Senate. The Bush administration has also weighed in with a proposal to increase new vehicle fuel economy by 4 percent per year from 2011 to 2017, and the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has asked Congress to grant the Secretary of Transportation the authority to restructure and increase CAFE standards for cars, a power denied by the original CAFE legislation. A confluence of events has led to this change of political climate, including: the failure of world oil production and refining capacity to keep pace with rapidly growing demand, especially from China and other emerging economies, which has led to the highest oil prices since the 1980s and growing fears that world production of conventional oil may be close to its peak and rapid decline; the escalating influence of oil resources on geopolitics as China seeks to guarantee its future access to supplies, enhanced revenues from the higher prices, which prop up authoritarian regimes in Iran, Venezuela, Russia, and elsewhere and allow them increasing freedom of action; the enhancement of the role of climate change in political decision making by new reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with much strengthened language about the probability and severity of climate change and man's influence on it, and a recent Supreme Court decision rejecting the Environmental Protection Agency's assertion that it has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. New fuel economy standards will represent an ambitious and expensive undertaking on the part of the automobile industry and the nation, and proposals for new standards deserve careful congressional and public scrutiny.

  14. Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    6 1 4 3 48 23 30 10 Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards Numbers represent active grants as at 1 October 2013 Figure 2. Technology Transfer award expenditure 2012/13 by value On 1 October 2013 we were funding 125 active awards through our Technology

  15. BRANCHED SPHERICAL CR STRUCTURES ON THE COMPLEMENT OF THE FIGURE EIGHT KNOT.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minerbe, Vincent

    eight knot complement as a surface bundle over the circle, the behaviour of of the fundamental group to a set of representations of = 1(M), the fundamental group of the complement of the figure eight knot. Recall that the fundamental group of the figure eight knot complement contains a surface group (a

  16. Templated Ceramic Microstructures by Using the Breath-Figure Method Brian C. Englert,[a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasarao, Mohan

    Templated Ceramic Microstructures by Using the Breath-Figure Method Brian C. Englert,[a] Stefan on hexagonally microstructured SiÀCÀCo and SiÀCoÀO ceramics produced from precursor polymers that form self-assembled bubble arrays using the breath-figure method. Non-oxide SiÀC ceramics are inorganic materials

  17. Large thermoelectric figure of merit in Si1-xGex nanowires Lihong Shi,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    Large thermoelectric figure of merit in Si1-xGex nanowires Lihong Shi,1 Donglai Yao,1 Gang Zhang,2 transport equation, we investigate composition effects on the thermoelectric properties of silicon thermoelectric figure of merit ZT Refs. 1­4 due to both enhancement in the power factor through increasing

  18. CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 4, fuel economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-01

    Fuel economy estimates are provided for the CleanFleet vans operated for two years by FedEx in Southern California. Between one and three vehicle manufacturers (Chevrolet, Dodge, and Ford) supplied vans powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol (M-85), and unleaded gasoline as a control. Two electric G-Vans, manufactured by Conceptor Corporation, were supplied by Southern California Edison. Vehicle and engine technologies are representative of those available in early 1992. A total of 111 vans were assigned to FedEx delivery routes at five demonstration sites. The driver and route assignments were periodically rotated within each site to ensure that each vehicle would experience a range of driving conditions. Regression analysis was used to estimate the relationships between vehicle fuel economy and factors such as the number of miles driven and the number of delivery stops made each day. The energy adjusted fuel economy (distance per energy consumed) of the alternative fuel vans operating on a typical FedEx duty cycle was between 13 percent lower and 4 percent higher than that of control vans from the same manufacturer. The driving range of vans operating on liquid and gaseous alternative fuels was 1 percent to 59 percent lower than for vans operating on unleaded gasoline. The driving range of the electric G-Vans was less than 50 miles. These comparisons are affected to varying degrees by differences in engine technology used in the alterative fuel and control vehicles. Relative fuel economy results from dynamometer emissions tests were generally consistent with those obtained from FedEx operations.

  19. The mixed economy in China: through rhetorical perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Yuchun

    2004-11-15

    out certain kinds of mixed economies. Before the Industrial Revolution, Adam Smith (1723-1790) published his great work the Wealth of Nations, in which he systematically explained the relation between economics and politics. He stressed... the invisible hand as the core of the market system. The self-interest stimulates people to seek the best choice. The aggregate behavior would economically maximize uses of resources. Smith believed that the market system was an effective one in promoting...

  20. Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics in a Quantum Artificial Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Pedro Gonçalves

    2012-02-29

    Chaos and nonlinear economic dynamics are addressed for a quantum coupled map lattice model of an artificial economy, with quantized supply and demand equilibrium conditions. The measure theoretic properties and the patterns that emerge in both the economic business volume dynamics' diagrams as well as in the quantum mean field averages are addressed and conclusions are drawn in regards to the application of quantum chaos theory to address signatures of chaotic dynamics in relevant discrete economic state variables.

  1. Mongolia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec(Pritchett, 2004) |Monee, Illinois:UNEP Green Economy

  2. Supporting a Hawaii Hydrogen Economy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergyPlan | Department ofSUPPLEMENT NOVEMBERSupporting a Hawaii Hydrogen Economy

  3. Role for Distributed Energy Resources (DER) in the Digital Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Key, Thomas S

    2007-11-01

    A large, and growing, part of the Nation's economy either serves or depends upon the information technology industry. These high-tech or "digital" enterprises are characterized by a dependence on electronic devices, need for completely reliable power supply, and intolerance to any power quality problems. In some cases these enterprises are densely populated with electronic loads and have very high energy usage per square foot. Serving these enterprises presents both electric power and equipment cooling challenges. Traditional electric utilities are often hard-pressed to deliver power that meets the stringent requirements of digital customers, and the economic and social consequences of a service quality or reliability problem can be large. New energy delivery and control options must be developed to effectively serve a digital economy. This report explores how distributed energy resources, partnerships between utility and customer to share the responsibility for service quality, innovative facility designs, higher energy efficiencies and waste-heat utilization can be coupled to meet the needs of a growing digital economy.

  4. Quantum Mechanics and the Principle of Least Radix Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Garcia-Morales

    2015-01-08

    A new variational method, the principle of least radix economy, is formulated. The mathematical and physical relevance of the radix economy, also called digit capacity, is established, showing how physical laws can be derived from this concept in a unified way. The principle reinterprets and generalizes the principle of least action yielding two classes of physical solutions: least action paths and quantum wavefunctions. A new physical foundation of the Hilbert space of quantum mechanics is then accomplished and it is used to derive the Schr\\"odinger and Dirac equations and the breaking of the commutativity of spacetime geometry. The formulation provides an explanation of how determinism and random statistical behavior coexist in spacetime and a framework is developed that allows dynamical processes to be formulated in terms of chains of digits. These methods lead to a new (pre-geometrical) foundation for Lorentz transformations and special relativity. The Parker-Rhodes combinatorial hierarchy is encompassed within our approach and this leads to an estimate of the interaction strength of the electromagnetic and gravitational forces that agrees with the experimental values to an error of less than one thousandth. Finally, it is shown how the principle of least-radix economy naturally gives rise to Boltzmann's principle of classical statistical thermodynamics. A new expression for a general (path-dependent) nonequilibrium entropy is proposed satisfying the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

  5. Sharing of figurative language themes in expert therapy: occurrence and effect on client experiencing and therapeutic bond 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardin, Scott Ashley

    2004-09-30

    The purpose of this study was to examine the use and effect of figurative language discourse in examples of expert therapy. More specifically, one of the main reasons for conducting this study was to describe figurative language discourse, its...

  6. Plasmonic Figures of Merit in a Doped Graphene Sheet | MIT-Harvard...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasmonic Figures of Merit in a Doped Graphene Sheet May 15, 2014 at 2pm36-428 Marco Polini NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa MarcoPolini...

  7. Figure 1. Hydrologic Information System Overarching Vision. Data Interoperability in the Hydrologic Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    Figure 1. Hydrologic Information System Overarching Vision. Data Interoperability in the Hydrologic Sciences The CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System David G Tarboton1 , David Maidment2 , Ilya Zaslavsky3 Sciences. Hydrologic Information Systems (HIS) are part of this infrastructure. Hydrologic information

  8. Figure 10--Proportion of basal area accounted for by each tree spe-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    include lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta), black oak, willow (Salix spp.), western white pine (P. monticola Forest QUKE Salix CADE PICO Figure 11--Spatial distribution of basal area of major tree species within

  9. Hydro INTERNATIONAL | OCTOBER 2015 | 21 Figure 1: Bechevin Bay Inlet System.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Hydro INTERNATIONAL | OCTOBER 2015 | 21 FEATURE | Figure 1: Bechevin Bay Inlet System. Bechevin Bay, the derived bathymetry was limited to very shallow depths because of the sediment #12;| OCTOBER 2015 | Hydro

  10. Reclaimed genealogies: reconsidering the ancestor figure in African American women writers’ neo-slave narratives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milatovic, Maja

    2014-11-25

    This thesis examines the ancestor figure in African American women writers’ neoslave narratives. Drawing on black feminist, critical race and whiteness studies and trauma theory, the thesis closely reads neo-slave ...

  11. A Core Equilibrium Convergence in a Public Goods Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allouch, N

    is called the equal treatment core and is denoted by Cr. Finally, an allocation ((xi, gi), i ? N) is an Edgeworth allocation if for each positive integer r, ((xi, gi), i ? N) is in the equal treatment core of the rth replica economy Er, that is, ((xi, gi), i... ? N) ? ?? r=1 Cr. 3.1 Nonemptiness of the set of Edgeworth allocations Andreoni (2006) and Bernheim and Rangel (2007) argue that asymptotically consumers’ charitable giving is due more to the act of giving itself than to concerns about the aggregate...

  12. Effect Size and Moderators of Effects for Token Economy Interventions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soares, Denise

    2012-02-14

    of this investigation was to Meta-analyze the single case research on TE implemented in school and is the first to offer effect size analysis and identify moderators. The use of TE?s has been widely established as an evidence-based intervention for use in prisons... to implement a TE is needed in our literature. Empirical evidence for the use of a token economy in a classroom is presented along with suggested implementation ideas. Twenty four studies were included in this Meta-analysis with an overall combined Tau...

  13. Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona:Oregon: EnergyLloyd,LoudonLouviers, Colorado:Loving County,Economy

  14. Brazil-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging Economies |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossence JumpJerseyEconomy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) | OpenOpen

  15. China-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd Jump to:ChangingCNE Jump to:NewCooperationUNEP Green Economy

  16. Morocco-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation,Mereg GmbHMontebalito SA JumpDialogue,Green Economy

  17. Nepal-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation,MeregNIFESpinningLtd JumpPFAN) | OpenUNEP Green Economy

  18. Philippines-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3Perrysburg,AlpenaNRELUNEP Green Economy

  19. Clean Economy Network-Rockies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to:New York:ClayBurn Fuels LLC Jump to:MechanismEconomy

  20. he outermost layer of the human eye--the cornea, see Figure 1--is of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    so by using the eye to mirror a pattern. Figure 2a shows the cross section of such an in- strument.1 that could integrate real-time solutions to both problems. A D A P T I V E S U R F A C E M E A S U R E M E N, AND HENRI BAL Vrije University 1521-9615/02/$17.00 © 2002 IEEE Figure 1. Cross section of the human eye

  1. Scientific Prospectus Figure 1. Proposed drill sites (white circles with black rims) and alternates (solid circles) for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . (1985) Neogene equatorial Pacific seismic stratigraphy. Figure 4. A schematic of the equatorial sediment the model shown here and in Figure 5. TWTT = two-way traveltime. Figure 5. Tentative seismic stratigraphy was estimated from physical properties of sediments and the distance between seismic reflectors in profiles

  2. Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Letschert, Virginie; Desroches, Louis-Benoit; Ke, Jing; McNeil, Michael

    2012-07-01

    As part of the ongoing effort to estimate the foreseeable impacts of aggressive minimum efficiency performance standards (MEPS) programs in the world’s major economies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has developed a scenario to analyze the technical potential of MEPS in 13 major economies around the world1 . The “best available technology” (BAT) scenario seeks to determine the maximum potential savings that would result from diffusion of the most efficient available technologies in these major economies.

  3. Prospects on fuel economy improvements for hydrogen powered vehicles.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rousseau, A.; Wallner, T.; Pagerit, S.; Lohse-Bush, H.

    2008-01-01

    Fuel cell vehicles are the subject of extensive research and development because of their potential for high efficiency and low emissions. Because fuel cell vehicles remain expensive and the demand for hydrogen is therefore limited, very few fueling stations are being built. To try to accelerate the development of a hydrogen economy, some original equipment manufacturers (OEM) in the automotive industry have been working on a hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine (ICE) as an intermediate step. Despite its lower cost, the hydrogen-fueled ICE offers, for a similar amount of onboard hydrogen, a lower driving range because of its lower efficiency. This paper compares the fuel economy potential of hydrogen-fueled vehicles to their conventional gasoline counterparts. To take uncertainties into account, the current and future status of both technologies were considered. Although complete data related to port fuel injection were provided from engine testing, the map for the direct-injection engine was developed from single-cylinder data. The fuel cell system data represent the status of the current technology and the goals of FreedomCAR. For both port-injected and direct-injected hydrogen engine technologies, power split and series Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) configurations were considered. For the fuel cell system, only a series HEV configuration was simulated.

  4. Motor vehicle fuel economy, the forgotten HC control stragegy?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deluchi, M.; Wang, Quanlu; Greene, D.L.

    1992-06-01

    Emissions of hydrocarbons from motor vehicles are recognized as major contributors to ozone pollution in urban areas. Petroleum-based motor fuels contain volatile organic compounds (VOC) which, together with oxides of nitrogen, promote the formation of ozone in the troposphere via complex photochemical reactions. VOC emissions from the tailpipe and evaporation from the fuel and engine systems of highway vehicles are believed to account for about 40% of total VOC emissions in any region. But motor fuels also generate emissions throughout the fuel cycle, from crude oil production to refining, storage, transportation, and handling, that can make significant contributions to the total inventory of VOC emissions. Many of these sources of emissions are directly related to the quantity of fuel produced and handled throughout the fuel cycle. It is, therefore, reasonable to expect that a reduction in total fuel throughput might result in a reduction of VOC emissions. In particular, reducing vehicle fuel consumption by increasing vehicle fuel economy should reduce total fuel throughput, thereby cutting total emissions of VOCS. In this report we identify the sources of VOC emissions throughout the motor fuel cycle, quantify them to the extent possible, and describe their dependence on automobile and light truck fuel economy.

  5. Develop Improved Materials to Support the Hydrogen Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Michael C. Martin

    2012-07-18

    The Edison Materials Technology Center (EMTEC) solicited and funded hydrogen infrastructure related projects that have a near term potential for commercialization. The subject technology of each project is related to the US Department of Energy hydrogen economy goals as outlined in the multi-year plan titled, 'Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan.' Preference was given to cross cutting materials development projects that might lead to the establishment of manufacturing capability and job creation. The Edison Materials Technology Center (EMTEC) used the US Department of Energy hydrogen economy goals to find and fund projects with near term commercialization potential. An RFP process aligned with this plan required performance based objectives with go/no-go technology based milestones. Protocols established for this program consisted of a RFP solicitation process, white papers and proposals with peer technology and commercialization review (including DoE), EMTEC project negotiation and definition and DoE cost share approval. Our RFP approach specified proposals/projects for hydrogen production, hydrogen storage or hydrogen infrastructure processing which may include sensor, separator, compression, maintenance, or delivery technologies. EMTEC was especially alert for projects in the appropriate subject area that have cross cutting materials technology with near term manufacturing and commercialization opportunities.

  6. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01

    economy vs real fuel prices weighted by diesel and gasolinekm of using diesel fuel – mostly the lower price and to some

  7. Table 8. Carbon intensity of the economy by State (2000-2011

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carbon intensity of the economy by State (2000-2011)" "metric tons energy-related carbon dioxide per million dollars of GDP" ,,,"Change" ,,,"2000 to 2011"...

  8. Policy of EDF for the future of nuclear power generation safety and economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roche, B.

    1997-12-01

    EDF improves at the same time economy and safety of its existing units. For new designs, it is the same fight.

  9. Fact #630: July 5, 2010 Fuel Economy vs. Weight and Performance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From 1980 to 2009, there have been significant gains made in automotive technology, but those advancements have been applied toward improved performance and safety rather than fuel economy....

  10. California Mid-Year Report, 1999: Century Closing with a Strong Economy and Real Estate Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Cynthia

    1999-01-01

    restored, the key real estate issues facing CaliforniaReport Fisher Center for Real Estate and Urban Economicswith a Strong Economy and Real Estate Market The California

  11. Morocco-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Morocco-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Dialogue, Advisory Services, Benchmarking Jump to: navigation, search Name Morocco-Enhancing Low-carbon...

  12. Measuring and Reporting Fuel Economy of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Simpson, A.

    2006-11-01

    This paper reviews techniques used to characterize plug-in hybrid electric vehicle fuel economy, discussing their merits, limitations, and best uses.

  13. Clean Cities Strategic Planning White Paper: Light Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saulsbury, Bo; Hopson, Dr Janet L; Greene, David; Gibson, Robert

    2015-04-01

    Increasing the energy efficiency of motor vehicles is critical to achieving national energy goals of reduced petroleum dependence, protecting the global climate, and promoting continued economic prosperity. Even with fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions standards and various economic incentives for clean and efficient vehicles, providing reliable and accurate fuel economy information to the public is important to achieving these goals. This white paper reviews the current status of light-duty vehicle fuel economy in the United States and the role of the Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Cities Program in disseminating fuel economy information to the public.

  14. Fact #850: December 8, 2014 Automatic Transmissions have closed the Fuel Economy Gap with Manual Transmissions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Historically, manual transmissions have delivered better fuel economy than automatic transmissions. However, improvements in the efficiency of automatic transmissions have closed that gap in recent...

  15. Light-Duty Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition Drive Cycle Fuel Economy and Emissions Estimates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Vehicle systems simulations using experimental data demonstrate improved modeled fuel economy of 15% for passenger vehicles solely from powertrain efficiency relative to a 2009 PFI gasoline baseline.

  16. The Political Economy of India’s Fiscal Federal System and its Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, M. Govinda; Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01

    Political Economy and Issues for Reform, eds. , SatuIncentives, and Economic Reforms in India, New Delhi: Sageon Indian Economic Reform, June. Musgrave, Richard A. (

  17. 'Kind of Blue' and the Economy of Modal Jazz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Samuel

    2006-05-09

    I had the top small group in jazz and was paying the most money that I should have a black piano player [. . .] Then a lot of people were saying he [Bill Evans] didn’t play fast enough and hard enough for them, that he was too delicate’ (Davis 1989... by Bill Evans have been taken as the defining feature of the album: ‘So What’ is a simple figure based on 16 measures of one scale, 8 of another and 8 more of the first . . . ‘All Blues’ is a 6/8 12-measure blues form that produces its mood through only a...

  18. Use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou

    2011-06-01

    This paper discusses the use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy. One of the important requirements for Gen. IV High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors (HTGR) is passive safety. Currently all the HTGR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. [1] The decay heat first is transferred to core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. Similar concepts have been widely used in sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) designs, advanced light water reactors like AP1000. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area. RVACS tends to be less expensive. However, it limits the largest achievable power level for modular HTGRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface). When the relative decay heat removal capability is reduced, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annual designs with internal reflector can mitigate this effect therefore further increase the power. Another way to increase power is to increase power density. However, it is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides safety, HTGRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor designs. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of HTGRs. Forsberg [2] pointed out other disadvantages of using RVACS such as conflicting functional requirements for the reactor vessel and scaling distortion for integral effect test of the system performance. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume based passive decay removal system, call Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS has been widely used in SFR designs and in liquid salt cooled high temperature reactors. The containment cooling system in BWR is another example of volume based decay removal systems. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one in reactor side and another is in environment side. DRACS has the benefits of increasing the power as needed (scalability) and modularity. This paper introduces the concept of using DRACS to enhance HTGRs passive safety and economy.

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Fuel Economy Information Project- Research, Data Validation, and Technical Assistance Related to Collecting, Analyzing, and Disseminating Accurate Fuel Economy Information

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about fuel economy...

  20. Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic established research centers at MIT: the Center for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy

  1. System-of-Systems Framework for the Future Hydrogen-Based Transportation Economy: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffy, M.; Sandor, D.

    2008-06-01

    From a supply chain view, this paper traces the flow of transportation fuels through required systems and addresses the current petroleum-based economy, DOE's vision for a future hydrogen-based transportation economy, and the challenges of a massive market and infrastructure transformation.

  2. Industrial Technologies Program - Manufacturing Workforce for a Clean Energy Economy (Green Jobs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-05-01

    Making the transition to a clean energy economy will strengthen our energy security, improve the environment, and create jobs. In 2009, Congress passed a stimulus package to help jump-start all sectors of the U.S. economy and accelerate this transition.

  3. Linkage of Fisheries Sectors to Hawaii's Economy and Economic Impacts of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Linkage of Fisheries Sectors to Hawaii's Economy and Economic Impacts of Longline Fishing-355 #12;1 Linkage of Fisheries Sectors to Hawaii's Economy and Economic Impacts of Longline Fishing, University of Hawaii at Manoa PingSun Leung College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources University

  4. Contribution, Linkages and Impacts of the Fisheries Sector to Hawaii's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    #12;Contribution, Linkages and Impacts of the Fisheries Sector to Hawaii's Economy: A Social Contribution 11-373 #12;#12;1 Contribution, Linkages and Impacts of the Fisheries Sector to Hawaii's Economy and Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Management University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822

  5. An empirical study of the economies of scale in AC transmission line construction costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldick, Ross

    monopoly status of the electric transmission system as a natural monopoly. The purpose of this paper1 An empirical study of the economies of scale in AC transmission line construction costs Krishnan of transmission projects completed between the years 1994 and 2000. We examine the economies of scale in the cost

  6. www.steps.ucdavis.edu How vehicle fuel economy improvements can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    % 30% 40% 50% 60% Vehiclecostandvalueoffuelsavings Percent improvement in fuel economy Diesel Gasoline, including relative fuel prices and the rate of cost reduction of key components such as batteries. 4. As weH2 www.steps.ucdavis.edu How vehicle fuel economy improvements can save $2 trillion and help fund

  7. Research and Development at U.S. Research Universities: An Analysis of Scope Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foltz, Jeremy D.

    Research and Development at U.S. Research Universities: An Analysis of Scope Economies by Kwansoo and sources of economies of scope in R&D at U.S. research universities. The analysis evaluates the tradeoffs and synergies arising between traditional university research outputs (articles and doctorates) and academic

  8. ENERGY NEEDS IN AN INTERNET ECONOMY: A CLOSER LOOK AT DATA CENTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENERGY NEEDS IN AN INTERNET ECONOMY: A CLOSER LOOK AT DATA CENTERS by Jennifer D. Mitchell Economy: A Closer Look at Data Centers Jennifer Mitchell-Jackson Energy and Resources Group, UC Berkeley I. Introduction II. Data Center Fundamentals III. The Current Debate IV. Defining Common Metrics V. Estimating

  9. BCG Response to UC Davis Policy Institute on Energy, Environment and the Economy May 8, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    BCG Response to UC Davis Policy Institute on Energy, Environment and the Economy May 8, 2013 We appreciate the work the US Davis Institute for Energy, Environment and the Economy put into its review of the Boston Consulting Group analysis of the cumulative impacts of AB 32 policies on California refiners

  10. THE CONTRIBUTION OF ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY TO THE CITY OF PHOENIX ECONOMY,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    THE CONTRIBUTION OF ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY TO THE CITY OF PHOENIX ECONOMY, FISCAL YEAR 2013 of Arizona State University (ASU) to the city of Phoenix. Estimates are presented for the jobs and incomes that are supported in the Phoenix economy by the spending of the university and its employees and students

  11. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1975, only three percent of all new cars had a fuel economy above 25 miles per gallon (mpg), but by 2014, 73% did. Great improvements were made in the fuel economy of cars from 1975 to 1985, so...

  12. Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in the United States Report to Congress

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    DOE's Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in the United States Report to Congress estimates the employment effects of a transformation of the U.S. economy to the use of hydroge

  13. The Economic, Energy, and GHG Emissions Impacts of Proposed 2017–2025 Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karplus, Valerie

    2012-07-31

    Increases in the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards for 2017 to 2025 model year light-duty vehicles are currently under consideration. This analysis uses an economy-wide model with detail in the passenger ...

  14. 3/21/12 Why divorce is bad for the economy | MNN -Mother Nature Network 1/3www.mnn.com/money/personal-finance/stories/why-divorce-is-bad-for-the-economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3/21/12 Why divorce is bad for the economy | MNN - Mother Nature Network 1/3www.mnn.com/money/personal-finance/stories/why-divorce-is-bad-for-the-economy By David Mielach, BusinessNewsDaily Tue, Mar 20 2012 at 11:39 AM EST MNN.COM > MONEY > PERSONAL FINANCE Why divorce is bad for the economy Productivity

  15. Fact #868: April 13, 2015 Automotive Technology Has Improved Performance and Fuel Economy of New Light Vehicles – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file and dataset for Automotive Technology Has Improved Performance and Fuel Economy of New Light Vehicles

  16. Hanford Diversification and the Tri-Cities Economy FY 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SCOTT, M.J.

    2000-06-05

    The missions of the U.S. Department of Energy's Richland Operations Office (DOE/RL) are to safely manage the Hanford Site, to manage and clean up its legacy wastes, and to develop and deploy new science and technology in the environmental and energy fields. Collectively, DOE/RL and its contractors are the most important single entity in the Tri-Cities local economy (Pasco, Kennewick, and Richland, Washington, and the surrounding area). Although the relevant economic region affected by DOE/RL and its contractors actually embraces a geographic area reaching from Yakima in the west to Walla Walla in the east and from Moses Lake in the north to Pendleton, Oregon, in the south, over 90% of economic impacts likely occur in Benton and Franklin Counties. These two counties are defined as the ''local'' Tri-Cities economy for purposes of this study. In the federal fiscal year (FY) 1999 (October 1, 1998 through September 30, 1999), the total impact of DOE'S local $1.59 billion budget was felt through payrolls of $542 million and local purchases of goods and services of $226 million. The total local spending of $768 million was up slightly from the FY 1998 total of $765 million. Taking into account the multiplier effects of this spending, the DOE/RL budget sustained an estimated 32% of all local employment (28,250 out of 88,100 jobs) and about 35% of local earned income (almost $1.08 billion out of $3.08 billion). The decrease in these percentages from last year's report reflects an update of the model's economic structure based on the 1997 economic census year, a correction of a programming error in the model found during the update, and a broader definition of earnings that includes proprietor income, not just wages (see the Appendix for revisions to the previous forecasts). DOE budget increases in FY 2000 are expected to result in no change to the number of local DOE contractor jobs and about a $29 million increase in direct local spending.

  17. 34 COTO TECHNOLOGY (USA) Tel: (401) 943-2686 / Fax (401) 942-0920 Economy SIP Reed Relays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    34 COTO TECHNOLOGY (USA) Tel: (401) 943-2686 / Fax (401) 942-0920 Economy SIP Reed Relays The SIP relay is the industry choice for a wide variety of designs where economy, performance and a compact package are needed. The 9007 Spartan Series is a general purpose economy version of the 9001

  18. A Case for Economy Grid Architecture for Service Oriented Grid Computing Rajkumar Buyya, David Abramson, and Jonathan Giddy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    1 A Case for Economy Grid Architecture for Service Oriented Grid Computing Rajkumar Buyya, David, resource brokering, and "computational economy". A number of Grid systems (such as Globus and Legion) have addressed many of these issues with exception of a computational economy. We argue that a computational

  19. Figure 1. Schematic of initial air pump design Design of Air Pump System Using Bond Graph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    , is presented in Figure 1. It is a vibratory pump in which an electromagnetic circuit drives a small permanent magnet attached to a pivoted lever that, in turn, drives a rubber bellows pump. The bellows pump has an embryo bond graph model. Parameters for the GP search process must be set to control both the generation

  20. Supplementary Figure S1 Additional characterization of salt responses of [Low] and [High] responsive salt cells.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faraon, Andrei

    Supplementary Figure S1 Additional characterization of salt responses of [Low] and [High] responsive salt cells. (a) Diagram illustrating the imaging preparation (see Methods for details). Taste buds.e.m. dF/F responses for the [Low] and [High] salt-responding cells (n3). (c) TRCs activated by low

  1. Supplemental Figures Seismic imaging of the laterally varying D" region beneath the Cocos Plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnero, Ed

    Supplemental Figures Seismic imaging of the laterally varying D" region beneath the Cocos Plate-474-1882 Fax: 907-474-5618 Email: mthorne@gi.alaska.edu #12;Supplement A. Transverse component velocity.9982 at 80º. #12;Supplement B. Transverse component displacement synthetics are shown. Synthetics for PREM

  2. * All figures are in color on the Coastal Sediments Proceedings DVD. NONUNIFORM SEDIMENT TRANSPORT MODELING AT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    1783 * All figures are in color on the Coastal Sediments Proceedings DVD. NONUNIFORM SEDIMENT@ncche.olemiss.edu. Abstract: A depth-averaged two-dimensionalnonuniform sediment transport model is applied to the beaches. The sediment transport, bed change and sorting equations are solved simultaneously and implicitly at the same

  3. I would like all figures in my article published in Black and White Education in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    I would like all figures in my article published in Black and White Education in Brazil: Marcia C Postal 15051 91501970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil marcia. barbosa@ufrgs.br Keywords Gender, Physics, Brazil Abstract An overview of the Brazilian educational system is presented with the main

  4. Enhancing Automatic Chinese Essay Scoring System from Figures-of-Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    automated essay scoring (CAES) is a very important tool for many educational researches. However, none grammar parsers cannot produce reliable and useful syntactic features. CAES systems must explore other the performance of CAES effectively. Keywords: Automated essay scoring; Figures-of-speech; Chinese writing; ID3. 1

  5. Figure 1: Genome of the hepatitis B virus December 3rd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brutlag, Doug

    1 Figure 1: Genome of the hepatitis B virus Huy Phan December 3rd , 2009 Genomics and Medicine: Final Paper Professor Douglas Brutlag Current Understanding of the Hepatitis B Virus and Its Genotypes What is hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is one of the five hepatitis infections and is the world's most common

  6. Figure I.-Offshore bases in Mexico's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Foreign Fishery Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figure I.-Offshore bases in Mexico's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Foreign Fishery Developments Mexico's Marine Fisheries Enforcement Gulf Coast Enforcement The Gulf of Mexico is especially rich in shrimp resources. Mexico has had major problems with illegal foreign fishing on the Campeche Bank, espe

  7. Poison hemlock, Conium maculatum, (Figure 1) is a member of the plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Poison hemlock, Conium maculatum, (Figure 1) is a member of the plant family Apiaceae, which, cilantro, chervil, fen- nel, anise, dill, and caraway. It is a tall, invasive, highly poisonous weed that is sometimes mistaken for one of its crop relatives. Poison hemlock was introduced from Europe as an ornamental

  8. Figure 5 : Inversed attenuation tomography The Fresnel volume thus defined, also called Frchet kernel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Figure 5 : Inversed attenuation tomography The Fresnel volume thus defined, also called Fréchet system with the LSQR algorithm : Because the size of the Fresnel volume thus defined is dependent propose to compute the Fresnel weights for a monochromatic wave, increasing its frequency at each step

  9. "Leveraging University Expertise to Inform Better Policy" Figure: 2050 Scenario from California Air Resources Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    , and diversify our transportation energy supply. This policy forum draws from the latest research to explore some"Leveraging University Expertise to Inform Better Policy" Figure: 2050 Scenario from California Air dependency, California has adopted numerous vehicle and fuel policies that accelerate the introduction

  10. Figure 1. Example Current Weather Product INTEGRATING REAL-TIME WEATHER INTO AN INTERNET LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilhelmson, Robert

    Figure 1. Example Current Weather Product INTEGRATING REAL-TIME WEATHER INTO AN INTERNET LEARNING ENVIRONMENT: WW2010 CURRENT WEATHER PRODUCTS Daniel J. Bramer, David P. Wojtowicz, Joel Plutchak, Robert B ­ is that accurate, useful, and if possible, real-life examples of weather phenomena are necessary to best enhance

  11. Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon-figurable PV panel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    1 Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon- figurable PV panel Photovoltaic (PV and the advancement of PV device technologies. PV systems have been widely deployed in electric vehicles, homes, power plants, and satellites. The output power of a PV cell (also called solar cell) is dependent on the solar

  12. The figure shows the current energy pay back time for PV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The figure shows the current energy pay back time for PV systems using different cell technologies and installed either in Central Europe or Southern Europe. Argument B1 PV Fact Sheets Technology improvements: Manufacturing a PV system consumes more energy than it ever produces in its life time." The fact is

  13. Enhancement of thermoelectric figure-of-merit by resonant states of aluminium doping in lead selenide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qinyong

    By adding aluminium (Al) into lead selenide (PbSe), we successfully prepared n-type PbSe thermoelectric materials with a figure-of-merit (ZT) of 1.3 at 850 K. Such a high ZT is achieved by a combination of high Seebeck ...

  14. Thermoelectric figure of merit calculations for semiconducting nanowires Jane E. Cornett1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Thermoelectric figure of merit calculations for semiconducting nanowires Jane E. Cornett1 and Oded 2011 A model for the thermoelectric properties of nanowires was used to demonstrate the contrasting influences of quantization and degeneracy on the thermoelectric power factor. The prevailing notion

  15. Capacity planning in a transitional economy: What issues? Which models?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mubayi, V.; Leigh, R.W.; Bright, R.N.

    1996-03-01

    This paper is devoted to an exploration of the important issues facing the Russian power generation system and its evolution in the foreseeable future and the kinds of modeling approaches that capture those issues. These issues include, for example, (1) trade-offs between investments in upgrading and refurbishment of existing thermal (fossil-fired) capacity and safety enhancements in existing nuclear capacity versus investment in new capacity, (2) trade-offs between investment in completing unfinished (under construction) projects based on their original design versus investment in new capacity with improved design, (3) incorporation of demand-side management options (investments in enhancing end-use efficiency, for example) within the planning framework, (4) consideration of the spatial dimensions of system planning including investments in upgrading electric transmission networks or fuel shipment networks and incorporating hydroelectric generation, (5) incorporation of environmental constraints and (6) assessment of uncertainty and evaluation of downside risk. Models for exploring these issues include low power shutdown (LPS) which are computationally very efficient, though approximate, and can be used to perform extensive sensitivity analyses to more complex models which can provide more detailed answers but are computationally cumbersome and can only deal with limited issues. The paper discusses which models can usefully treat a wide range of issues within the priorities facing decision makers in the Russian power sector and integrate the results with investment decisions in the wider economy.

  16. Measuring energy efficiency in the United States` economy: A beginning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-10-01

    Energy efficiency is a vital component of the Nation`s energy strategy. One of the Department of Energy`s missions are to promote energy efficiency to help the Nation manage its energy resources. The ability to define and measure energy efficiency is essential to this objective. In the absence of consistent defensible measures, energy efficiency is a vague, subjective concept that engenders directionless speculation and confusion rather than insightful analysis. The task of defining and measuring energy efficiency and creating statistical measures as descriptors is a daunting one. This publication is not a final product, but is EIA`s first attempt to define and measure energy efficiency in a systematic and robust manner for each of the sectors and the United States economy as a whole. In this process, EIA has relied on discussions, customer reviews, in-house reviews, and seminars that have focused on energy efficiency in each of the sectors. EIA solicits the continued participation of its customers in further refining this work.

  17. What Global Warming Looks Like The July 2010 global map of surface temperature anomalies (Figure 1), relative to the average

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    What Global Warming Looks Like The July 2010 global map of surface temperature anomalies (Figure 1 anomalies an example of what we can expect global warming to look like? Maps of temperature anomalies, such as Figure 1, are useful for helping people understand the role of global warming in extreme events

  18. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with transaction Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STARR, ROSS M

    2005-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the the- orist is this:Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction2 commodity-pairwise trading posts. Bid and ask prices are

  19. Equilibrium and Media of Exchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy With Transaction Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Ross M.

    2007-01-01

    that the existence of money poses to the theorist is this:equilibrium. The trading post model endogenously generates aExchange in a Convex Trading Post Economy with Transaction

  20. Convergence to monetary equilibrium: computational simulation of a trading post economy with transaction costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Xue; Whang, Yu-Jung; Zhang, Qiaoxi

    2010-01-01

    by Household [i,j] at Trading Pose {k,w} vol(i,j): Totalin a Walrasian Trading Post Example”, Economics Letters,simulation of a trading post economy with transaction costs

  1. ANTHONY EGGERT, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR POLICY INSTITUTE FOR ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ANTHONY EGGERT, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR POLICY INSTITUTE FOR ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY Energy Carbon Intensity Efficiency Total Demand California GHG Regulatory Policies Widgets year #12 LEVERAGING UNIVERSITY EXPERTISE TO INFORM BETTER POLICY California Linking Through 2020: The Golden State

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Improve Fuel Economy through Formulation Design and Modeling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Ashland Inc. at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and vehicle technologies office annual merit review and peer evaluation meeting about improve fuel economy through...

  3. Governing urban land : the political economy of the ULCRA in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqi, Faizan Jawed

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, I look at the political economy of the Urban Land (Ceiling and Regulation) Act (ULCRA) in Mumbai, India. Enacted in 1976, the stated aim of this legislation was to prevent speculation in the urban land ...

  4. Increasing the Fuel Economy and Safety of New Light-Duty Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, Tom; Ross, Marc

    2006-01-01

    Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 ThroughD.C. Khazzoom, D.J. , 1994. “Fuel efficiency and automobileR.B. , 2004. “Motor vehicle fuel efficiency and traffic

  5. Fact #680: June 20, 2011 Fuel Economy is "Most Important" When Buying a Vehicle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A June 2011 survey asked the question "Which one of the following attributes would be MOST important to you in your choice of your next vehicle?" The choices were fuel economy, dependability, low...

  6. The Clean Energy Economy is Not a Coming Attraction – It's Here

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Some people talk about the clean energy economy as if it’s a hypothetical future development, but the fact is that it’s already here and poised for tremendous growth in the coming years.

  7. Reading between the lines : blueprints for a worker support infrastructure in the peer economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Denise Fung

    2014-01-01

    Look around you. What unassuming skills or assets are just bursting with potential? Meet the peer economy, where people monetize skills and assets they already have using online, peer-to-peer marketplaces. Lyft, Shapeways, ...

  8. The sharing economy : what is it and where is it going?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadler, Samuel (Samuel Nathan)

    2014-01-01

    Recent societal forces, combined with advances in technology, have led to the creation of the sharing economy, a 21st century socio-economic system built on the sharing of human and physical assets. This dissertation ...

  9. Monuments for capital : the production of urban centralities for a global economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruthenberg, Yaacov Eyal

    2013-01-01

    Keywords: Monument, CBD, Office tower, Podium, Global economy, China. The Central Business District (CBD) is the monument of the regional urban condition. A monument, which is expressive of financial competence and global ...

  10. Bioenergy Demand in a Market Driven Forest Economy (U.S. South)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 1A: Biomass Feedstocks for the Bioeconomy Bioenergy Demand in a Market Driven Forest Economy (U.S. South) Robert C. Abt, Professor of Natural Resource Economics and Management, North Carolina State University

  11. Diesel NOx-PM Reduction with Fuel Economy Increase by IMET-OBC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by IMET-OBC-DPF + Hydrated-EGR System for Retrofit of In-Use Trucks Diesel NOx-PM Reduction with Fuel Economy Increase by IMET-OBC-DPF + Hydrated-EGR System for...

  12. Continuous selections from the Pareto correspondence and non-manipulability in exchange economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ju, Biung-Ghi

    2004-08-01

    In n-agent exchange economies, we show that all efficient and continuous rules are "diagonally dictatorial" over the restricted domain of linear preferences and, in the 2-good case, over the domain of homothetic preferences. The diagonal dictator...

  13. An Assessment of the Technical Feasibility of Cogenerator Participation in the ERCOT Broker and Economy Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bracheen, L.

    1989-01-01

    Utilities in Texas have several methods to exchange economy and emergency power under rules established by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT). The power exchanges permit utilities with temporary surplus energy to supply power...

  14. Nigeria: The Political Economy of the Bourgeois Restoration by Siddique Mohammed and Tony Edoh, Eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iweriebor, Ehiedu E.F.

    1988-01-01

    Mohammed and Tony Edoh (eds). Nigeria: The Political EconomyBello University, Zaria, Nigeria in November 1983. It waswhich is sui generis to Nigeria. Analysts can then go on to

  15. Fact #594: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The graph below shows the range of the lowest and highest fuel economy for each vehicle class, along with the lowest and highest annual fuel cost (in parentheses). For example, the two-seater model...

  16. Fact #586: August 31, 2009 New Vehicle Fuel Economies by Vehicle Type

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The average fuel economy for new cars climbed to over 30 miles per gallon (mpg) in 2008 while the average for new pickup trucks stayed around 20 mpg. For new vans and sport utility vehicles (SUVs)...

  17. Fact #624: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Model Years 2012-2016

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The final rule for the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards was published in March 2010. Under this rule, each light vehicle model produced for sale in the United States will have a fuel...

  18. Fact #587: September 7, 2009 Cash for Clunkers Program – Fuel Economy Improvement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Car Allowance Rebate System (CARS), also known as the Cash for Clunkers Program, provided Federal rebate money for consumers who traded old vehicles with an EPA combined fuel economy of 18...

  19. Fact #658: January 17, 2011 Increasing Use of Vehicle Technologies to Meet Fuel Economy Requirements

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Vehicle manufacturers are turning to vehicle technologies to improve efficiency and meet strict fuel economy requirements. Over the last 10 years, the use of engine technologies like multi-valves...

  20. Fact #659: January 24, 2011 Fuel Economy Ratings for Vehicles Operating on Electricity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Environmental Protection Agency has developed a new methodology for determining how fuel economy information will be displayed on the window sticker of a vehicle that operates on electricity....

  1. Federated Simulation and Gaming Framework for a Decentralized Space-Based Resource Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grogan, Paul Thomas

    Future human space exploration will require large amounts of resources for shielding and building materials, propellants, and consumables. A space-based resource economy could produce, transport, and store resource at ...

  2. Fact #813: January 20, 2014 New Light Vehicle Fuel Economy Continues to Rise

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The sales-weighted fuel economy average of all light vehicles sold in model year (MY) 2013 was 1.6 miles per gallon (mpg) higher than MY 2011. This increase brings the new light vehicle fuel...

  3. Political Economy As A Conceptual Framework For The Analysis Of School-University Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahlios, Marc C.; Carpenter, Robert L.

    1982-01-01

    This article presents a further explication of school-university cooperation, a subject initially addressed by these authors in the Summer, 1982 issue of this Journal. Political economy theory is used as a framework for analyzing...

  4. Designing landscapes for economy : designing regional landscape infrastructure to enable economic and environmental benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reul, Lindsay Kramer

    2012-01-01

    This thesis seeks to deploy landscape design as a regional economic development strategy. It investigates the relationship between economic activity and the built environment. Economies transition from one trend to the ...

  5. Correlations of fuel economy, exhaust hydro-carbon concentrations, and vehicle performance efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumann, Philip Douglas

    1974-01-01

    . The state of operation of the internal conbustion engine is directly related to its combustion efficiency which may be measured by several parameters, in this case fuel economy, as measured by gasoline mileage and air pollution potential as measured...

  6. INSTITUT D'ECONOMIE ET DE POLITIQUE DE L'ENERGIE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    INSTITUT D'ECONOMIE ET DE POLITIQUE DE L'ENERGIE The liberalisation of the European gas market. Appendix 1), the countries of the Gulf, West Africa (Nigeria, Angola), and South America (Trinidad

  7. Fuel economy regulations and efficiency technology improvements in U.S. cars since 1975

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKenzie, Donald Warren

    2013-01-01

    Light-duty vehicles account for 43% of petroleum consumption and 23% of green- house gas emissions in the United States. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards are the primary policy tool addressing petroleum ...

  8. Turbocharged Spark Ignited Direct Injection- A Fuel Economy Solution for The US

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Turbocharged SIDI is the most promising advanced gasoline technology; combines existing & proven technologies in a synergistic manner, offers double digit fuel economy benefits, much lower cost than diesel or hybrid.

  9. Fuel Economy Standards for New Light Trucks (released in AEO2007)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2007-01-01

    In March 2006, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) finalized Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards requiring higher fuel economy performance for light-duty trucks in model year (MY) 2008 through 2011. Unlike the proposed CAFE standards discussed in Annual Energy Outlook 2006, which would have established minimum fuel economy requirements by six footprint size classes, the final reformed CAFE standards specify a continuous mathematical function that determines minimum fuel economy requirements by vehicle footprint, defined as the wheelbase (the distance from the front axle to the center of the rear axle) times the average track width (the distance between the center lines of the tires) of the vehicle in square feet.

  10. Framework for developing and deploying location-based services in emerging economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katchy, Ifeanyi

    2008-01-01

    The general belief is that Location-Based Services (LBS) in emerging economies does not make much sense until there is widespread availability of geographic information system (GIS) data, broadband internet access, payment ...

  11. Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The "Gas Guzzler Tax" is collected from the public for each new car purchased with fuel economy less than 22.5 miles per gallon (mpg). The Gas Guzzler Tax does not apply to light trucks, only cars....

  12. Vehicle fuel economy benefit and aftertreatment requirement of an HCCI-SI engine system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardy, AliciA Jillian Jackson, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    This body of work dimensions the HCCI fuel economy benefits and required aftertreatment performance for compliance with emissions regulations in North America and Europe. The following parameters were identified as key ...

  13. France's 35 Hour Work Week and the Political Economy of Andre Gorz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storer, Adam

    2011-01-01

    1] Bilous, Alexandre. “35-Hour Working Week Law Adopted. ”4] Nicot, Anne-Marie. “35-Hour Week No Longer Standard ofFrance’s 35 Hour Work Week and the Political Economy of

  14. A comparative political economy of diversified business groups, or how states organize big business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Ben Ross

    Diversified business groups are present in nearly all economies and dominate the private sector in most developing countries. This article seeks to add to existing theories, primarily economic and sociological, by analyzing ...

  15. Array configuration studies for the SKA -- Implementation of figures of merit based on SDR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dharam V. Lal; Andrei P. Lobanov

    2008-10-06

    The Square Kilometre Array is going to become operational at the time when several new large optical, X-ray and Gamma-ray telescopes are expected to be working. The main drive for building the SKA is a significant improvement of sensitivity that would widen the general scope of the centimetre-wavelength radio science. To this end, a thorough design studies should be made, in order to ensure that the SKA becomes a competitive counterpart of the facilities at other wavebands. To quantify imaging performance of the SKA configurations, we are implementing figures of merit based on spatial dynamic range (SDR). This work is focused on extensive numerical tests of the analytical, SDR--based figures of merit derived in the SKA Memo 38 (A. Lobanov). Here, we present our preliminary results.

  16. Enhancing the thermoelectric figure of merit through the reduction of bipolar thermal conductivity with heterostructure barriers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahk, Je-Hyeong, E-mail: jbahk@purdue.edu; Shakouri, Ali [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

    2014-08-04

    In this paper, we present theoretically that the thermoelectric figure of merit for a semiconductor material with a small band gap can be significantly enhanced near the intrinsic doping regime at high temperatures via the suppression of bipolar thermal conductivity when the minority carriers are selectively blocked by heterostructure barriers. This scheme is particularly effective in nanostructured materials where the lattice thermal conductivity is lowered by increased phonon scatterings at the boundaries, so that the electronic thermal conductivity including the bipolar term is limiting the figure of merit zT. We show that zT can be enhanced to above 3 for p-type PbTe, and above 2 for n-type PbTe at 900?K with minority carrier blocking, when the lattice thermal conductivity is as low as 0.3?W/m K.

  17. Long range self-assembly of polythiophene breath figures: Optical and morphological characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Routh, Prahlad K.; Nykypanchuk, Dmytro; Venkatesh, T. A.; Cotlet, Mircea

    2015-09-01

    Large area, device relevant sized microporous thin films are formed with commercially available polythiophenes by the breath figure technique, a water-assisted micro patterning method, with such semitransparent thin films exhibiting periodicity and uniformity dictated by the length of the polymer side chain. Compared to drop casted thin films, the microporous thin films exhibit increased crystallinity due to stronger packing of the polymer inside the honeycomb frame.

  18. Facts and Figures Compiled 21.1.2015 12:15:09 by Document Globe 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Facts and Figures Compiled 21.1.2015 12:15:09 by Document Globe ® 1 Erasmus Programme · Ratio as a whole, the ratio for the entire University is approximately 1:1. #12;Compiled 21.1.2015 12/Erasmus programme is shown in this graph: #12;Compiled 21.1.2015 12:15:09 by Document Globe ® 3 Destination

  19. Long range self-assembly of polythiophene breath figures: Optical and morphological characterization

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cotlet, Mircea; Routh, Prahlad K.; Nykypanchuk, Dmytro; Venkatesh, T. A.

    2015-08-01

    Large area, device relevant sized microporous thin films are formed with commercially available polythiophenes by the breath figure technique, a water-assisted micro patterning method, with such semitransparent thin films exhibiting periodicity and uniformity dictated by the length of the polymer side chain. Compared to drop casted thin films, the microporous thin films exhibit increased crystallinity due to stronger packing of the polymer inside the honeycomb frame.

  20. A Framework for Geometric Reasoning About Human Figures and Factors in Assembly Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calton, Terri L.

    1999-07-20

    Automatic assembly sequencing and visualization tools are valuable in determining the best assembly sequences, but without Human Factors and Figure Models (HFFMs) it is difficult to evaluate or visualize human interaction. In industry, accelerating technological advances and shorter market windows have forced companies to turn to an agile manufacturing paradigm. This trend has promoted computerized automation of product design and manufacturing processes, such as automated assembly planning. However, all automated assembly planning software tools assume that the individual components fly into their assembled configuration and generate what appear to be perfectly valid operations, but in reality some operations cannot physically be carried out by a human. For example, the use of a ratchet may be reasoned feasible for an assembly operation; however, when a hand is placed on the tool the operation is no longer feasible, perhaps because of inaccessibility, insufficient strength or human interference with assembly components. Similarly, human figure modeling algorithms may indicate that assembly operations are not feasible and consequently force design modifications, however, if they had the capability to quickly generate alternative assembly sequences, they might have identified a feasible solution. To solve this problem, HFFMs must be integrated with automated assembly planning which allows engineers to quickly verify that assembly operations are possible and to see ways to make the designs even better. This paper presents a framework for integrating geometry-based assembly planning algorithms with commercially available human figure modeling software packages. Experimental results to selected applications along with lessons learned are presented.

  1. The Ocean and Coastal Economy: A Summary of Statistics For more information, please contact PPI.SocialSci@noaa.gov, see page 3 for pocket version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Ocean and Coastal Economy: A Summary of Statistics For more information, please contact PPI.SocialSci@noaa.gov, see page 3 for pocket version Measures of the Ocean and Coastal Economy: 1.GDP (Gross Domestic Product. The Coastal Economy 1 The Coastal economy is comprised of all economic activity that takes place

  2. The Ocean and Coastal Economy: A Summary of Statistics For more information, please contact PPI.SocialSci@noaa.gov, see page 3 for pocket version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Ocean and Coastal Economy: A Summary of Statistics For more information, please contact PPI.SocialSci@noaa.gov, see page 3 for pocket version Measures of the Ocean and Coastal Economy: 1.GDP (Gross Domestic Product. The Coastal Economy1,2 The Coastal economy is comprised of all economic activity that takes place

  3. 1. LEM survey geometry Supplemental Figure 1 shows the layout of the long-wire EM (LEM) sensors and the 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    1. LEM survey geometry Supplemental Figure 1 shows the layout of the long-wire EM (LEM) sensors by the faults. 2. CSEM data Supplemental Figures 2 and 3 show the standard CSEM data from all receivers

  4. A review of "Radical Religion from Shakespeare to Milton: Figures of Nonconformity in Early Modern England." by Kristen Poole 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elizabeth Sauer

    2002-01-01

    Poole. Radical Religion from Shakespeare to Milton: Figures of Nonconformity in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. xiii + 272 pp. $59.95. Review by ELIZABETH SAUER, BROCK UNIVERSITY. While early modern radical...

  5. Figure 1. We use Styrofoam blocks to construct a geometrically simplified replica of the scene. The Styrofoam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollefeys, Marc

    Figure 1. We use Styrofoam blocks to construct a geometrically simplified replica of the scene. The Styrofoam blocks are used as display surfaces on which view-dependent imagery of the scene is projected

  6. The 'Genius' in Mycenaean Glyptic: the Later Evolution of an Aegean Cult Figure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehak, Paul

    1995-01-01

    . 13 (drawing by author); Fig.2.'Symeonoglou (inti'an.30)PI.73Fi1.231 (drawingbyauthor); Fig.5:Levi(infran.7)Fig. 175(drawingbyauthor); Flg.9.' reconstruction by author. Remaining figures from the archives of CMS. 1 M.A.V. cill, AM 79, 1964, lff.; ead...T.; J. Weingarten, OJA 5, 1986, 27ff .; ead., OJA 7, 1988, 1ff.; ead., in: ASSA 105ff. 13 The genius identified on a LH IIIC bull rhyton t)'om Tiryns is actually a l'ampant goat: see Appendix, Ellatum. la The Tiryns ring (CMS I No. 179) was discovered...

  7. Figure 6. PCs and Terminals per Million Square Feet, 1992 and 1995

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas ProvedDec.12 13Cubic235Figure

  8. Figure ES1. Schema for Estimating Energy and Energy-Related Statistics,

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1 Figure ES1. Schema

  9. Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1 Figure ES1.

  10. Figure ES3. Sales-Weighted Horsepower and On-Road Fuel Mileage for New

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1 Figure

  11. Figure ES4. Sales-Weighted Inertia Weight and On-Road Fuel Mileage for New

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun20032,485,331Gas2001 ES1 FigureLight-Duty

  12. EECBG Success Story: Finding Six-Figure ROI from Energy Efficiency |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|Department of EnergyDepartment of Energy Finding Six-Figure ROI

  13. Figure 1. Annual and Cumulative Growth in U.S. Wind Power Capacity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofofWindUpcoming events September 3,Presidentfield officeFigure

  14. Fact #850: December 8, 2014 Automatic Transmissions have closed the Fuel Economy Gap with Manual Transmissions- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #850: December 8, 2014 Automatic Transmissions have closed the Fuel Economy Gap with Manual Transmissions

  15. Design and prototype of dual loop lubricant system to improve engine fuel economy, emissions, and oil drain interval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plumley, Michael J

    2015-01-01

    Regulations aimed at improving fuel economy and reducing harmful emissions from internal combustion engines place constraints on lubricant formulations necessary for controlling wear and reducing friction. Viscosity reduction ...

  16. Review of alternate automotive engine fuel economy. Final report January-October 78

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, D.; Bolt, J.A.; Huber, P.; Taylor, T. Jr.

    1980-11-01

    This study assessed the potential of alternate automotive engines to meet the fuel economy goals and emission levels of the 1980-1990 period. As part of NHTSA's continuing research in support of the Department of Transportation fuel economy activities, this study reviewed those developments offering viable substitutes for the current spark ignition engine systems. Categories assessed included stratified charge, diesels, turbo charging, rotary/Wankel engines, and the developmental gas turbine and Stirling cycle engines. Results of past and on-going research through 1978 were reviewed along with the development and production status of various alternate engine technologies proposed for automobiles and light trucks through the 1980s. Assessment was then made of the potential fuel economy improvement as a percentage of 1978 baseline data.

  17. Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L. ); Duleep, K.G. )

    1992-03-01

    This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer's surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

  18. Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.; Duleep, K.G.

    1992-03-01

    This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer`s surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer`s surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

  19. Fuel Economy of the Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    The U.S. fleet of light-duty vehicles consists of cars and light trucks, including minivans, sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and trucks with gross vehicle weight less than 8,500 pounds. The fuel economy of light-duty vehicles is regulated by the (Corporate Average Fuel Economy) CAFE standards set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Currently, the CAFE standard is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for cars and 20.7 mpg for light trucks. The most recent increase in the CAFE standard for cars was in 1990, and the most recent increase in the CAFE standard for light trucks was in 1996.

  20. Hanford and the tri-cities economy: Review and outlook, March 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, M.J.; Belzer, D.B.; March, S.J.; Beck, D.M.; Schultz, R.W.; Harkreader, S.A.

    1989-03-01

    The economy of the Tri-Cities, Washington area (primarily, Benton and Franklin Counties) is in transition due to major changes in two Department of Energy programs at Hanford---the abrupt ending of the Basalt Waste Isolation Project (BWIP) in December 1987 and the placing of the N Reactor in ''cold standby'' status in February 1988. This report reviews the economic situation in the Tri-Cities during 1988 and presents forecasts for key economic indicators for 1989. This report will be updated about every six months to review the changes in the area economy and forecast the near-term outlook. 6 figs., 33 tabs.

  1. Hanford and the Tri-Cities Economy: Historical Trends 1970-2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, Richard A.; Scott, Michael J.

    2009-10-01

    This white paper examines the effect that the Hanford Site has had on the Tri-Cities economy from 1970-2008. Total area employment levels, population, and the real estate market are compared to DOE contractor employment and funding levels, which tended to follow each other until the mid-1990s. Since 1994, area employment, total incomes, population and the real estate market have increased significantly despite very little changes in Hanford employment levels. The data indicate that in recent history, the Tri-Cities economy has become increasingly independent of Hanford.

  2. Minerals in the world economy. Minerals yearbook Volume 3. 1991 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimbell, C.L.

    1991-12-31

    This edition of the Minerals Yearbook - International Review records the performance of the worldwide minerals industry during 1991 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Volume III, International Review, contains the latest available mineral data on more than 150 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. The 1991 review is presented as five area reports and one world overview: Mineral Industries of Africa, Mineral Industries of Asia and the Pacific, Mineral Industries of Latin America and Canada, Mineral Industries of Europe and the U.S.S.R., Mineral Industries of the Middle East, and Minerals in the World Economy.

  3. ASYMPTOTIC OPTIMIZATION OF CONSUMPTION IN A MODEL OF TWO-SECTOR ECONOMY L. V. Kantorovich, E. I. Korkina,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khovanskii, Askold

    and the pro- duction of the objects of consumption-- in order to maximize the production of objectsASYMPTOTIC OPTIMIZATION OF CONSUMPTION IN A MODEL OF TWO-SECTOR ECONOMY L. V. Kantorovich, E. I and the capital resources between the two sectors of economy -- the production of the means of production

  4. Effects of a transition to a hydrogen economy on employment in the United States Report to Congress

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2008-07-01

    DOE's Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in the United States Report to Congress estimates the employment effects of a transformation of the U.S. economy to the use of hydrogen in the 2020 to 2050 timeframe. This report fulfills requirements of section 1820 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005.

  5. Health Impacts from Urban Air Pollution in China: The Burden to the Economy and the Benefits of Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Health Impacts from Urban Air Pollution in China: The Burden to the Economy and the Benefits and Policy Program #12;2 #12;Health Impacts from Urban Air Pollution in China: The Burden to the Economy, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in significant adverse health impacts for its large

  6. Assessing the U.S. Senate Vote on the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preston, Scott

    classify cars as light trucks to "bend" the restrictions set by the standard. (Vehicles classified as light reclassified as a light truck, Subaru was able to add weight to the vehicle without making expenditures Kerry proposed raising the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standard for cars and trucks. On March

  7. Hydraulic Hybrid and Conventional Parcel Delivery Vehicles' Measured Laboratory Fuel Economy on Targeted Drive Cycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammert, M. P.; Burton, J.; Sindler, P.; Duran, A.

    2014-10-01

    This research project compares laboratory-measured fuel economy of a medium-duty diesel powered hydraulic hybrid vehicle drivetrain to both a conventional diesel drivetrain and a conventional gasoline drivetrain in a typical commercial parcel delivery application. Vehicles in this study included a model year 2012 Freightliner P100H hybrid compared to a 2012 conventional gasoline P100 and a 2012 conventional diesel parcel delivery van of similar specifications. Drive cycle analysis of 484 days of hybrid parcel delivery van commercial operation from multiple vehicles was used to select three standard laboratory drive cycles as well as to create a custom representative cycle. These four cycles encompass and bracket the range of real world in-use data observed in Baltimore United Parcel Service operations. The NY Composite cycle, the City Suburban Heavy Vehicle Cycle cycle, and the California Air Resources Board Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck (HHDDT) cycle as well as a custom Baltimore parcel delivery cycle were tested at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants Laboratory. Fuel consumption was measured and analyzed for all three vehicles. Vehicle laboratory results are compared on the basis of fuel economy. The hydraulic hybrid parcel delivery van demonstrated 19%-52% better fuel economy than the conventional diesel parcel delivery van and 30%-56% better fuel economy than the conventional gasoline parcel delivery van on cycles other than the highway-oriented HHDDT cycle.

  8. Leveraging Broadband to Strengthen New Hampshire's Economy and Quality of Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Leveraging Broadband to Strengthen New Hampshire's Economy and Quality of Life Charlie French, PhD, University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Curt Grimm, PhD, Carsey School for Public Policy, University of New Hampshire Broadband Overview Broadband--high-speed internet that is always on, is faster

  9. United States Energy Association Final Report International Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy Ministerial Conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William L. Polen

    2006-04-05

    This report summarizes the activities of the United States Energy Association as it conducted the initial Ministerial Meeting of the International Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy in Washington, DC on November 18-21, 2003. The report summarizes the results of the meeting and subsequent support to the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in its role as IPHE Secretariat.

  10. The Great Shift: Macroeconomic projections For the World Economy at the 2050 Horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    function that includes capital, labour and energy. We improve on the literature by accounting for the energy constraint through dynamic modelling of energy productivity, and departing from the assumptions, China could account for 33% of the world economy in 2050, which would be much more than the United

  11. What Will Power the Hydrogen Economy? Present and Future Sources of Hydrogen Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    (NREL) for allowing us to include the renewable energy potential maps that NREL has generated = fuel cell electric vehicle FERCO = Future Energy Resources Corporation ft2 = square foot or feet GHGWhat Will Power the Hydrogen Economy? Present and Future Sources of Hydrogen Energy UCD-ITS-RR-04

  12. SELF-REGULATION AND SOCIAL WELFARE: THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF CORPORATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyon, Thomas P.

    SELF-REGULATION AND SOCIAL WELFARE: THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTALISM* JOHN W University Abstract We extend the economic theory of regulation to allow for strategic self-regulation firms to reduce toxic releases. We establish conditions under which self-regulation, if it occurs

  13. DraftApril 7, 2009 Features of Climate-Smart Metropolitan Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as coal and oil, for energy.3 (Here, the terms carbon emissions or carbon footprint both indicate of the economy, and (4) carbon intensity of the energy system.8 Shrinking the nation's carbon footprint, while solving environmental challenges. With supportive federal policies, metropolitan areas can provide the low-carbon

  14. Fuel Economy Comparisons of Series, Parallel and HMT Hydraulic Hybrid Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    designs and the engine/energy management. Physical design variables include pump/motor sizes and gear economies are compared for the "optimal" design for each architecture which considers both the physical ratios. The effect of pump/motors efficiencies, extra gears and different engine efficiency maps are also

  15. The Global Economy and Changes in the Determinants of Cross-National Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Theresa M.

    1999-04-01

    economic changes,stemming from the collapse of the Bretton Woods system in 1971 and the OPEC oil crisis in 1973 and 1974, occurred in the global economy. Data from two cohorts of countries are used to test these theories. The first cohort contains thirty...

  16. Explaining Long-Run Changes in the Energy Intensity of the U.S. Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sue Wing, Ian.

    Recent events have revived interest in explaining the long-run changes in the energy intensity of the U.S. economy. We use a KLEM dataset for 35 industries over 39 years to decompose changes in the aggregate energy-GDP ...

  17. Ris Energy Report 3 Interest in the hydrogen economy and in fuel cells has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 Risø Energy Report 3 Interest in the hydrogen economy and in fuel cells has increased used for natural gas. Existing fuel cells can convert hydrogen efficiently into electric power. Emerging fuel cell technologies can do the same for other hydrogen-rich fuels, while generating little

  18. Why Study Chinese? China is the world's most dynamic economy, with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Why Study Chinese? China is the world's most dynamic economy, with 7-9% annual growth of GDP. China languages of the United Nations and is also spoken by many overseas Chinese people from all around the world. All in all, about one-fifth of the people in the world speak some form of Chinese as their native

  19. Long-Run Growth in Open Economies: Export-Led Cumulative Causation or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    Long-Run Growth in Open Economies: Export-Led Cumulative Causation or a Balance. On the one hand, models of export-led cumulative causation (ELCC) stress the possibility that some countries competitiveness, rising exports, and rapid output growth (although, in this view, other countries may be doomed

  20. How can environmental regulations promote clean coal technology adoption in APEC developing economies?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-11-15

    The study examines both existing and emerging regulatory frameworks in order to determine which type of regulations that would be most effective at promoting clean coal technology adoption in development Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) economies and would be practical to implement. regulations targeting air emissions; regulations targeting water use; and regulations concerning coal combustion by-products. When considering the potential effect of existing and new environmental regulations on the adoption of clean coal the analysis of technologies was organised into three categories: environmental control technologies; high efficiency coal combustion technologies; and carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). To target the recommendations towards APEC economies that would benefit the most from this analysis, the study focused on developing and transition APEC economies that are expected to rely on coal for a large part of their future generating capacity. These economies include China, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, Thailand, and Vietnam. ACARP provided funding to this study, under Project C15078. 10 figs., 14 tabs., 10 apps.

  1. The Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy by providing a new innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    The Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy. Overview · Partnership between IBM Canada, the Governments of Canada and Ontario, and a consortium of sevenMaster University, University of Ottawa, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Queen's University

  2. How Human Psychology Drives the Economy and Why It Matters George A. Akerlof

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    01-08-09 How Human Psychology Drives the Economy and Why It Matters By George A. Akerlof The recent global financial crisis has made it painfully clear that powerful psychological forces are imperiling and despondence that led to the Great Depression (1929-33) and changing psychology that accompanied recovery. Like

  3. Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-02-20

    Despite the challenges to profitability the ethanol industry continues to expand. Total ethanol production for 2007 is estimated at nearly 6.5 billion gallons, 33 percent more than 2006. This study estimates the contribution of the ethanol industry to the American economy in 2007.

  4. Bilan energetique global-Place de l'energie dans l'economie Combustibles fossiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravelet, Florent

    Bilan ´energ´etique global-Place de l'´energie dans l'´economie Combustibles fossiles Energies renouvelables thermiques Electricit´e Objectif 2020 L'´energie en France F. Ravelet Laboratoire DynFluid, Arts et M´etiers-ParisTech 19 f´evrier 2014 F. Ravelet L'´energie en France #12;Bilan ´energ´etique global

  5. Internet access: Where law, economy, culture and technology meet Sulan Wong a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Internet access: Where law, economy, culture and technology meet Sulan Wong a , Eitan Altman b history: Available online 8 October 2010 Keywords: Internet access Fundamental rights Copyrights Public goods Commons a b s t r a c t Internet growth has allowed unprecedented widespread access to cultural

  6. The World Wheat Economy and Agricultural Depression in England, 1873-1896

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Walter P.

    1965-05-01

    was settled, but settlement on a 18 ! William Ashworth, A Short History of the International Economy, 1850-1950 (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1952), p. 62. ^Abbott Payson Asher, "Man Molds the World," The Challenge of Our Times, eds. Farrington Daniels...

  7. Statistical Simulation to Estimate Uncertain Behavioral Parameters of Hybrid Energy-Economy Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    functions. Policies that change energy prices, such as a tax on GHG emissions, can be simulated for their effect on output, energy demand, and, as a result, emissions. The model responses to these price changesStatistical Simulation to Estimate Uncertain Behavioral Parameters of Hybrid Energy-Economy Models

  8. Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina Marqui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina requirements for logistics and transport services of small and micro rural businesses. This paper explores for the logistics requirements of rural businesses calls for intelligent software platforms that provide solutions

  9. INSTITUT D'ECONOMIE ET DE POLITIQUE DE L'ENERGIE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    INSTITUT D'ECONOMIE ET DE POLITIQUE DE L'ENERGIE La libéralisation du marché gazier européen et ses, Turkménistan, cf. annexe 1), les pays du Golfe, l'Afrique de l'Ouest (Nigeria, Angola), l'Amérique du Sud

  10. Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne A Multidimensional Perspective of Poverty/bandeau-haut/documents-de-travail/ ISSN : 1955-611X halshs-00820754,version1-6May2013 #12;A Multidimensional Perspective of Poverty, informal labor market, and poverty measures in two countries that strongly differ on their level

  11. Subcontracting and Supplier Innovativeness in a Developing Economy: Evidence from China's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    Subcontracting and Supplier Innovativeness in a Developing Economy: Evidence from China form July 2011) SUN Y., ZHOU Y., LIN G. C. S. and WEI Y. H. D. Subcontracting and supplier that the impact of sub- contracting depends on local suppliers' absorptive capabilities; that the impact of global

  12. Method and system for optical figuring by imagewise heating of a solvent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rushford, Michael C.

    2005-08-30

    A method and system of imagewise etching the surface of a substrate, such as thin glass, in a parallel process. The substrate surface is placed in contact with an etchant solution which increases in etch rate with temperature. A local thermal gradient is then generated in each of a plurality of selected local regions of a boundary layer of the etchant solution to imagewise etch the substrate surface in a parallel process. In one embodiment, the local thermal gradient is a local heating gradient produced at selected addresses chosen from an indexed array of addresses. The activation of each of the selected addresses is independently controlled by a computer processor so as to imagewise etch the substrate surface at region-specific etch rates. Moreover, etching progress is preferably concurrently monitored in real time over the entire surface area by an interferometer so as to deterministically control the computer processor to image-wise figure the substrate surface where needed.

  13. Gamma and neutron detection modeling in the nuclear detection figure of merit (NDFOM) portal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stroud, Phillip D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Saeger, Kevin J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    The Nuclear Detection Figure Of Merit (NDFOM) portal is a database of objects and algorithms for evaluating the performance of radiation detectors to detect nuclear material. This paper describes the algorithms used to model the physics and mathematics of radiation detection. As a first-principles end-to-end analysis system, it starts with the representation of the gamma and neutron spectral fluxes, which are computed with the particle and radiation transport code MCNPX. The gamma spectra emitted by uranium, plutonium, and several other materials of interest are described. The impact of shielding and other intervening material is computed by the method of build-up factors. The interaction of radiation with the detector material is computed by a detector response function approach. The construction of detector response function matrices based on MCNPX simulation runs is described in detail. Neutron fluxes are represented in a three group formulation to treat differences in detector sensitivities to thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons.

  14. PHENIX (Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment): Data Tables and Figures from Published Papers

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The PHENIX Experiment is the largest of the four experiments currently taking data at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. PHENIX, the Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment, is an exploratory experiment for the investigation of high energy collisions of heavy ions and protons. PHENIX is designed specifically to measure direct probes of the collisions such as electrons, muons, and photons. The primary goal of PHENIX is to discover and study a new state of matter called the Quark-Gluon Plasma. More than 60 published papers and preprints are listed here with links to the full text and separate links to the supporting PHENIX data in plain text tables and to EPS and GIF figures from the papers.

  15. False optimism for the hydrogen economy and the potential of biofuels and advanced energy storage to reduce domestic greenhouse gas emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Rory, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Discussion of the general domestic energy situation addresses the motivations which underlie the push for an hydrogen energy economy. The validity of claims about such a hydrogen economy and the official DOE position ...

  16. The importance to the UK economy of a vibrant physics research community is clearly brought out in the Wakeham report published on 1st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    The importance to the UK economy of a vibrant physics research community is clearly brought out and has a vital role to play in supporting the UK economy. #12;

  17. Blue Economy Summer School (BESS) gives you the chance to learn a new way of thinking in the mind of the current and the later generation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellebrand, Sybille

    Blue Economy Summer School (BESS) gives you the chance to learn a new way of thinking in the mind economic, social and environmental crisis. "The Blue Economy" permits to respond to the basic needs of all of the Club of Rome. The 100 models of innovations promise 100 million jobs in 10 years. The Blue Economy

  18. For more information, please contact PPI.SocialSci@noaa.gov, see page 3 for pocket version Measures of the Ocean and Coastal Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Ocean and Coastal Economy: 1. GDP (Gross Domestic Product): Value of goods and services: Individual places of business; single firm may have multiple. The Coastal Economy1,2 What You Need to Know The Coastal economy includes all economic activity that takes place in the geographic area defined as "Coastal

  19. [ Journal of Political Economy, 2006, vol. 114, no. 4] 2006 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved. 0022-3808/2006/11404-0007$10.00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotchen, Matthew J.

    816 [ Journal of Political Economy, 2006, vol. 114, no. 4] 2006 by The University of Chicago. All public goods in the economy. The distinguishing feature of these markets--hereafter referred to as "green and biodiversity conservation. More generally, green markets are expanding in many sectors of the economy

  20. MASTER'S PROGRAM ON EAST ASIAN ECONOMY AND SOCIETY Please note: This is an unofficial translation for information purposes only. For the legally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wien, Universität

    1 CURRICULUM MASTER'S PROGRAM ON EAST ASIAN ECONOMY AND SOCIETY Please note: This is an unofficial. The Senate of the University of Vienna has passed a revision of the Master's Program on East Asian Economy and Society at its May 5, 2011 session. The first revision of the Master's Program on East Asian Economy