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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

teChnologIes Program IntroduCtIon the research and development (r&d) portfolio for energy-Intensive Processes (eIP) addresses the top technology opportunities to save energy...

2

ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass-Fired Boilers ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass-Fired Boilers biomass-firedboilers.pd...

3

STOCHASTIC RANKING PROCESS WITH TIME DEPENDENT INTENSITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the internet technologies, a new application of the process appeared [13, 15]. The ranking numbers will abuse notation slightly and denote

Hattori, Kumiko

4

Best Management Practice: Other Water Intensive Processes | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Best Management Practice: Other Water Intensive Processes Best Management Practice: Other Water Intensive Processes Best Management Practice: Other Water Intensive Processes October 8, 2013 - 9:48am Addthis Many water using processes beyond the previously covered best management practices (BMPs) are found at Federal facilities, including vehicle wash systems, maintenance services, cleaning/laundry services, single pass air conditioners, water softening systems, and others. Identify and analyze all water intensive processes for potential efficiency improvements. Overview Laundry facilities are often found at Federal facilities. The laundry facility may be a self-serve laundry where residents and personnel wash their own clothing, a commercial-type laundry service where residents drop off laundry to be washed or dry cleaned, or an industrial laundry facility

5

Process and dataflow control in distributed data-intensive systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In dataflow architectures, each dataflow operation is typically executed on a single physical node. We are concerned with distributed data-intensive systems, in which each base (i.e., persistent) set of data has been declustered over many physical ...

W. Alexander; G. Copeland

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

non-energy | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

non-energy non-energy Dataset Summary Description The Energy Statistics Database contains comprehensive energy statistics on the production, trade, conversion and final consumption of primary and secondary; conventional and non-conventional; and new and renewable sources of energy. The Energy Statistics dataset, covering the period from 1990 on, is available at UNdata. This dataset relates to the consumption of alcohol for non-energy uses. Source United Nations (UN) Date Released December 09th, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords consumption dataset non-energy UN Data application/xml icon Consumption by non-energy uses XML (xml, 10.7 KiB) text/csv icon Consumption by non-energy uses CSV (csv, 2.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

7

Mul$-scale Demand-Side Management for Con$nuous Power-intensive Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Mul$-scale Demand-Side Management for Con$nuous Power-intensive Processes Response Energy Efficiency Demand-Side Management (DSM)1 Integra on Demand-Side Management, with an emphasis on price responsive programs", CRA No

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

8

Manipulation of the Raman process via incoherent pump, tunable intensity, and phase control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manipulation of the Raman process via incoherent pump, tunable intensity, and phase control Li-Gang Wang,1,2,3 Sajid Qamar,1 Shi-Yao Zhu,1,2,3 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,4,5 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology..., Texas 77845, USA 5Texas A&M University at Qatar, P.O. Box 23874, Education City, Doha, Qatar #1;Received 14 May 2007; published 18 March 2008#2; We present a proposal to manipulate the Raman process via incoherent pump, tunable intensity, and phase...

Wang, Li-Gang; Qamar, Sajid; Zhu, Shi-Yao; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Apparatus and process for active pulse intensity control of laser beam  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optically controlled laser pulse energy control apparatus and process is disclosed wherein variations in the energy of a portion of the laser beam are used to vary the resistance of a photodetector such as a photoresistor through which a control voltage is fed to a light intensity controlling device through which a second portion of the laser beam passes. Light attenuation means are provided to vary the intensity of the laser light used to control the resistance of the photodetector. An optical delay path is provided through which the second portion of the beam travels before reaching the light intensity controlling device. The control voltage is supplied by a variable power supply. The apparatus may be tuned to properly attenuate the laser beam passing through the intensity controlling device by adjusting the power supply, the optical delay path, or the light attenuating means.

Wilcox, Russell B. (Oakland, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Needs of Non Energy-Focused Contractors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To better understand the informational needs of non energy-focused contractors, including what information they need to motivate them to become energy-focused, the BARA team studied the type of information provided by the national programs, trade associations, and manufacturers that were researched for the related technical report: Effective Communication of Energy Efficiency. While that report focused on the delivery method, format, and strategy of the information, this study examines the content being put forward.

Liaukus, C.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Suitability of Non-Energy Greenhouse Gases for Emissions Trading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper assesses the suitability of different sources of non-energy greenhouse gases for emissions trading. Different forms of emissions trading are defined and criteria for determining whether a source is sui...

Erik Haites; Angelo Proestos

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Application of high intensity UVC-LED for the removal of acetamiprid with the photo-Fenton process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Research into the use of light-emitting diodes (LED) for wastewater treatment has increased in recent years. \\{LEDs\\} are more efficient than other UV lamps because of their reduced heat dissipation and much longer life span. However, most of the UVC-LEDs that are currently available are of such low intensity that the large number of bulbs required for effective treatment of wastewater streams makes their application uneconomic. The development of higher intensity UVC-LEDs may therefore lead to more feasible technology options for wastewater treatment with UV-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). The aim of this work was to study the efficiency of high-intensity UVC-LED lamps (20 W/m2) for the removal of micropollutants with the photo-Fenton process. The pesticide acetamiprid was used as model pollutant at a concentration of 100 ?g/L in synthetic secondary effluent due to its recalcitrant nature. Degradation using a low-pressure UVC-lamp (LPL) was also assessed for comparative purposes. The process was operated at pH 2.8 and at natural pH. The volumetric photon absorption (VRPA) was calculated for the results at acidic pH, where the catalyst was soluble, to investigate the influence of iron and hydrogen peroxide concentrations on acetamiprid degradation, based on their absorption for both systems. A model was proposed and results indicated that the contribution of both hydrogen peroxide and iron to the generation of radicals was the same in the LED system. At natural pH, the high intensity LED system was effective in the removal of acetamiprid, achieving degradation in 20 min adding 1+1+1 mg Fe/L (sequential iron dosage) and 12 mg H2O2/L.

Irene Carra; José Antonio Sánchez Pérez; Sixto Malato; Olivier Autin; Bruce Jefferson; Peter Jarvis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Experiments with In-Transit Processing for Data Intensive Grid Workflows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient and robust data streaming and in-transit data manipulations are critical requirements of emerging scientific and engineering application workflows, which are based on seamless interactions and coupling between geographically distributed application components. The overall goal of this research is to address these requirements and develop a data streaming and in-transit data manipulation service. In this paper, we experimentally investigate reactive management strategies for in-transit data manipulation, as well as cooperative endto-end management for wide-area data-streaming and in-transit data manipulation for data-intensive scientific and engineering workflows.

Bhat, Viraj [Rutgers University; Parashar, Manish [Rutgers University; Klasky, Scott A [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Title Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication 2012 Authors Larsen, Peter H., Charles A. Goldman, Donald Gilligan, and Terry E. Singer Conference Name 2012 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 2012 Publisher ACEEE Conference Location Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, California Abstract This paper evaluates the issue of non-energy benefits within the context of the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry-a growing industry comprised of companies that provide energy savings and other benefits to customers through the use of performance-based contracting. Recent analysis has found that ESCO projects in the public/institutional sector, especially at K-12 schools, are using performance-based contracting, at the behest of the customers, to partially -- but not fully -- offset substantial accumulated deferred maintenance needs (e.g., asbestos removal, wiring) and measures that have very long paybacks (roof replacement). This trend is affecting the traditional economic measures policymakers use to evaluate success on a benefit to cost basis. Moreover, the value of non-energy benefits which can offset some or all of the cost of the non-energy measures -- including operations and maintenance (O&M) savings, avoided capital costs, and tradable pollution emissions allowances -- are not always incorporated into a formal cost-effectiveness analysis of ESCO projects. Non- energy benefits are clearly important to customers, but state and federal laws that govern the acceptance of these types of benefits for ESCO projects vary widely (i.e., 0-100% of allowable savings can come from one or more non-energy categories). Clear and consistent guidance on what types of savings are recognized in Energy Savings Agreements under performance contracts is necessary, particularly where customers are searching for deep energy efficiency gains in the building sector.

15

Organic matter processing and opportunities for stream mitigation in an intensively mined West Virginia watershed.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Mountaintop removal /valley fill mining is a controversial process that may have far-reaching impacts on central Appalachian watersheds. Our project sought to quantify spatial and… (more)

Minter, Megan Stephanie.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Data Intensive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Intensive Data Intensive Computing Pilot Program In 2014 NERSC is conducting its second and last round of allocations to projects in data intensive science. This pilot aims to...

17

AIJ in the Non-Energy Sector in India: Opportunities and Concerns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) has been signed and ratified by 168 countries, global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have increased substantially since the 1992 Rio Summit. In both developing countries (DCs) and industrialized countries (ICs), there has been a need to find mechanisms to facilitate environmentally sound mitigation strategies. This need led to the formation of Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) at the first Conference-of the Parties (COP) in 1995. In Article 4A, para 2D, the COP established an AIJ pilot phase in which Annex I (IC) countries would enter into agreements to implement activities jointly with non-Annex I parties. DCs would engage in AIJ on a purely voluntary basis and all AIJ projects should be compatible with and supportive of national environment and development goals. AIJ does not imply GHG reduction commitments by DCs. Neither do all projects undertaken during the pilot phase qualify as a fulfillment of current commitment s of Annex I parties under the COP. The current pilot phase for AIJ ends in the year 2000, a date which may be extended. Current AIJ activities are largely focused on the energy sector. The Nordic countries, for example, feel that the most important potential areas for cooperation in AIJ are fuel conversion, more effective energy production, increased energy efficiency, and reforms in energy-intensive industry (Nordic Council of Ministers, 1995). Denmark does not want to include non-energy sector projects such as carbon sink enhancement projects in the pilot phase (Nordic Council of Ministers, 1995). However, other countries, including the US, have already funded a number of forestry sector projects (Development Alternatives, 1997). Moreover, energy-sector projects involving high technology or capital-intensive technology are often a source of controversy between DCs and ICs regarding the kind of technology transferred and sharing of costs and benefits. Further, the pilot phase provide s an opportunity for capacity-building and learning about methods of planning, implementation, and monitoring of GHG abatement in land-based non-energy sector projects.

Ravindranath, N.H.; Meili, A.; Anita, R.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Energy Intensity Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our presentation will cover how we began the journey of conserving energy at our facility. We’ll discuss a basic layout of our energy intensity plan and the impact our team has had on the process, what tools we’re using, what goals have been...

Rappolee, D.; Shaw, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

2nd conference on Intense field- Short Wavelength Atomic and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nd conference on Intense field- Short Wavelength Atomic and Molecular Processes - ISWAMP2 2nd conference on Intense field- Short Wavelength Atomic and Molecular Processes - ISWAMP2...

20

2011 Intensity -1 INTENSITY OF SOUND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the rate at which energy is passing a certain point. This concept involves sound intensity. Consider the sound intensity. Recall the time rate of energy transfer is called "power". Thus, sound intensity2011 Intensity - 1 INTENSITY OF SOUND The objectives of this experiment are: · To understand

Glashausser, Charles

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Applying bottom-up analysis to identify the system boundaries of non-energy use data in international energy statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data on the non-energy use of fossil fuels in energy statistics are subject to major uncertainties. We apply a simple bottom-up methodology to recalculate non-energy use for the entire world and for the 50 countries with the highest consumption of fossil fuels for non-energy purposes. We quantify worldwide non-energy use in the year 2000 to be 24±2 exajoules (EJ), thereby accounting for 6% of the global total primary energy supply (TPES). Our bottom-up estimates are in line with data from international energy statistics for the entire world and for 14 individual countries. Our estimates exceed official non-energy use data for 22 countries, whereas they are lower than official data in the case of 14 countries. Inconsistent system boundaries of non-energy use data in international energy statistics can explain parts of the observed deviations. We regard our bottom-up methodology as reliable albeit being attached with uncertainties. We recommend its use for energy statisticians and greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory makers to generate a shortlist of countries, for which efforts should be made to clarify and improve the quality of non-energy use data in national and international energy statistics.

M. Weiss; M.L. Neelis; M.C. Zuidberg; M.K. Patel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Energy and materials conservation: applying pioneering research and techniques to current non-energy materials conservation issues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ashby, Tim Gutowski and Ernst Worrell Energy and materials conservation: applying...research and techniques to current non-energy materials conservation issues Bruce Hannon...material production . The research of the Energy Research Group (ERG) at the University...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Vibration intensity difference thresholds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The intensity difference threshold is defined as ‘the difference in the intensity of two stimuli which is just sufficient for their difference to be detected’.… (more)

Forta, Nazim Gizem

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Laser-Matter Interaction Above the Plasma Ignition Threshold Intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter we present the process of laser-matter interaction above the plasma ignition threshold intensity. The physics of the pulsed laser ablation process at high intensities is very complex since it invo...

Mihai Stafe; Aurelian Marcu; Niculae N. Puscas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Light intensity compressor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a system for recording images having vastly differing light intensities over the face of the image, a light intensity compressor is provided that utilizes the properties of twisted nematic liquid crystals to compress the image intensity. A photoconductor or photodiode material that is responsive to the wavelength of radiation being recorded is placed adjacent a layer of twisted nematic liquid crystal material. An electric potential applied to a pair of electrodes that are disposed outside of the liquid crystal/photoconductor arrangement to provide an electric field in the vicinity of the liquid crystal material. The electrodes are substantially transparent to the form of radiation being recorded. A pair of crossed polarizers are provided on opposite sides of the liquid crystal. The front polarizer linearly polarizes the light, while the back polarizer cooperates with the front polarizer and the liquid crystal material to compress the intensity of a viewed scene. Light incident upon the intensity compressor activates the photoconductor in proportion to the intensity of the light, thereby varying the field applied to the liquid crystal. The increased field causes the liquid crystal to have less of a twisting effect on the incident linearly polarized light, which will cause an increased percentage of the light to be absorbed by the back polarizer. The intensity of an image may be compressed by forming an image on the light intensity compressor.

Rushford, Michael C. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Laser-Matter Interaction Below the Plasma Ignition Threshold Intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter we present the process of laser-matter interaction below the plasma ignition threshold intensity. When the high power laser radiation characterized by electric field intensities around ...

Mihai Stafe; Aurelian Marcu; Niculae N. Puscas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Analysis and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California Title Analysis and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors de la du Can, Stephane Rue, Ali Hasanbeigi, and Jayant A. Sathaye Journal Energy Policy Volume 46 Pagination 234-245 Keywords california, co2 emissions, energy intensity, energy use Abstract In 2008, the gross domestic product (GDP) of California industry was larger than GDP of industry in any other U.S. states. This study analyses the energy use of and output from seventeen industry subsectors in California and performs decomposition analysis to assess the influence of different factors on California industry energy use. The logarithmic mean Divisia index method is used for the decomposition analysis. The decomposition analysis results show that the observed reduction of energy use in California industry since 2000 is the result of two main factors: the intensity effect and the structural effect. The intensity effect has started pushing final energy use downward in 2000 and has since amplified. The second large effect is the structural effect. The significant decrease of the energy-intensive "Oil and Gas Extraction" subsector's share of total industry value added, from 15% in 1997 to 5% in 2008, and the increase of the non-energy intensive "Electric and electronic equipment manufacturing" sector's share of value added, from 7% in 1997 to 30% in 2008, both contributed to a decrease in the energy intensity in the industry sector

28

Time-dependent density-functional theory for molecular processes in strong fields: Study of multiphoton processes and dynamical response of individual valence electrons of N2 in intense laser fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the exchange ~x!- only limit. In the latter approach @1#, theTime-dependent density-functional theor Study of multiphoton processes and dynam of N2 in inten Xi Chu and Department of Chemistry, University of Kansas, and Kansas Ce ~Received 30 July 2001; pu We...-I CHU PHYSICAL REVIEW A 64 0634041sg 21su 22sg 22su 21pu 43sg 2 . According to the valence bond theory, this molecule has a triple bond formed with 3sg and 1pu electrons. The 3sg orbital is parallel to the internuclear axis and the two degen- erate 1pu...

Chu, Xi; Chu, Shih-I

2001-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

29

The Intense Radiation Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new dispersion relation for photons that are nonlinearly interacting with a radiation gas of arbitrary intensity due to photon-photon scattering. It is found that the photon phase velocity decreases with increasing radiation intensity, it and attains a minimum value in the limit of super-intense fields. By using Hamilton's ray equations, a self-consistent kinetic theory for interacting photons is formulated. The interaction between an electromagnetic pulse and the radiation gas is shown to produce pulse self-compression and nonlinear saturation. Implications of our new results are discussed.

M. Marklund; P. K. Shukla; B. Eliasson

2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

30

Iron and Steel Energy Intensities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Home > >Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Iron and Steel Energy Intensities First Use of Energy Blue Bullet First Use/Value of Production Blue Bullet First Use/Ton of steel End Uses of Consumption Blue Bullet Total End Use/Value of Production Blue Bullet Total End Use/Ton of Steel Boiler Fuel as End Use Blue Bullet Boiler Fuel /Value of Production Blue Bullet Boiler Fuel /Ton of Steel Process Heating as End Use Blue Bullet Process Heating Fuel /Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Process Heating /Value of Production Machine Drive as End Use Blue Bullet Machine Drive Fuel/Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Machine Drive Fuel /Value of Production Expenditures Blue Bullet Purchased Fuel /Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Purchased Fuel /Value of Production

31

Le Bail Intensity Extraction  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Le Bail Intensity Extraction Le Bail Intensity Extraction Presentation Goal Introduce the concepts behind LeBail fitting; why it is useful and how to perform a Le Bail fit with GSAS. Format: PDF slides or a RealPlayer video of the slides with accompanying audio and a demo video that shows how a Le Bail fit is performed. Presentation Outline What is the Le Bail method? Other approaches Why use the Le Bail method? Parameter fitting with Le Bail intensity extraction Le Bail refinement strategies Avoiding problems with background fitting: BKGEDIT Demo: an example Le Bail fit Links Le Bail lecture Slides (as PDF file) FlashMovie presentation with index (best viewed with 1024x768 or better screen resolution) FlashMovie file (800x600 pixels) Le Bail demo FlashMovie presentation with index (best viewed with 1024x768 or

32

Impact Factors of Energy Intensity in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy intensity reflects energy usage efficiency in the production and consumption process, and leads to carbon dioxide emissions and the energy security of an economy. Liao et al. (2007) analyzed factors contribute to the fluctuation of China’s energy intensity from 1997 to 2006, and found that efficiency effects and structural effects are the major impacting factors. Therefore, they suggested that China should attach more importance to optimizing its sectoral structure, and lowering its investment ratio in the future. However, economic development and energy intensity are influenced by many factors. In their research, Liao et al. (2007) omitted some important contributing factors to energy intensities, and their suggestions also had some practical limitations. First of all, Liao et al. (2007) did not analyze impacts from energy prices in energy usage efficiency. In the existing literature, Birol and Keppler (2000) applied economics theory and suggested that higher energy prices can induce the improvements in energy usage efficiency, thereby lowering energy intensity. Hang and Tu (2007) studied the influence of energy price on the Chinese economy's energy intensity and their empirical results also showed that higher energy prices can lower energy intensity. Because energy prices have been regulated by the

unknown authors

33

Unlocking energy intensive habits  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

energy intensive habits energy intensive habits Presentation at LBL Oct 10, 2013 by Hal Wilhite Professor and Research Director University of Oslo Centre for Development and the Environment Source: WWF US EIA Outlook 2011 Conventional framing of the energy consumption and savings * Sovereign consumers * Economically rational and persistentely reflexive. * Uninfluenced by social and material conditions of everyday life * Focus on efficiency and not on size and volume which is for the most part treated as an indifferent variable Cognitive reductionism The change of frame * From individual to socio-material * From rational/reflexive experience-based (practical) knowledge * From efficiency to reduction A theory of habit * Acknowledges the role of lived experience (history, both cultural and personal) in forming

34

The intensity of motivation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rearranged before they were repeated in reverse sequence. Electrocardiographic T-wave amplitude (TWA) and changes were monitored during a 15-sec anticipatory phase, as well as during each 15-second mental manipulation phase. (This ensured that the measures..., and the subject was surreptitiously observed. The high-self-esteem subjects were observed to do more practice www.annualreviews.org/aronline Annual Reviews INTENSITY OF MOTIVATION 121 problems for the difficult- than for the easy-to-please experimenter...

Brehm, Jack W.; Self, E. A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

High intensity femtosecond enhancement cavities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To produce extreme ultraviolet radiation via high harmonic generation (HHG) in rare gases, light intensities in excess of 1014 W/cm 2 are required. Usually such high intensity are obtained by parametric amplification of ...

Abram, Gilberto

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Self-interaction-free time-dependent density-functional theory for molecular processes in strong fields:? High-order harmonic generation of H2 in intense laser fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.29 215.30 25 210.20 210.19 49 216.48 216.50 FIG. 2. The induced dipole moment ^ z(t) & and dipole accelera- tion ^ (d2z(t)/dt2)/v02& of H2 at R51.4a0 as a function of time ~in optical cycles!. The laser intensity is 1014 W/cm2 and wavelength 1064 nm...

Chu, Shih-I; Chu, Xi

2001-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

37

ON COMPUTING UPPER LIMITS TO SOURCE INTENSITIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A common problem in astrophysics is determining how bright a source could be and still not be detected in an observation. Despite the simplicity with which the problem can be stated, the solution involves complicated statistical issues that require careful analysis. In contrast to the more familiar confidence bound, this concept has never been formally analyzed, leading to a great variety of often ad hoc solutions. Here we formulate and describe the problem in a self-consistent manner. Detection significance is usually defined by the acceptable proportion of false positives (background fluctuations that are claimed as detections, or Type I error), and we invoke the complementary concept of false negatives (real sources that go undetected, or Type II error), based on the statistical power of a test, to compute an upper limit to the detectable source intensity. To determine the minimum intensity that a source must have for it to be detected, we first define a detection threshold and then compute the probabilities of detecting sources of various intensities at the given threshold. The intensity that corresponds to the specified Type II error probability defines that minimum intensity and is identified as the upper limit. Thus, an upper limit is a characteristic of the detection procedure rather than the strength of any particular source. It should not be confused with confidence intervals or other estimates of source intensity. This is particularly important given the large number of catalogs that are being generated from increasingly sensitive surveys. We discuss, with examples, the differences between these upper limits and confidence bounds. Both measures are useful quantities that should be reported in order to extract the most science from catalogs, though they answer different statistical questions: an upper bound describes an inference range on the source intensity, while an upper limit calibrates the detection process. We provide a recipe for computing upper limits that applies to all detection algorithms.

Kashyap, Vinay L.; Siemiginowska, Aneta [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Van Dyk, David A.; Xu Jin [Department of Statistics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-1250 (United States); Connors, Alanna [Eureka Scientific, 2452 Delmer Street, Suite 100, Oakland, CA 94602-3017 (United States); Freeman, Peter E. [Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (United States); Zezas, Andreas, E-mail: vkashyap@cfa.harvard.ed, E-mail: asiemiginowska@cfa.harvard.ed, E-mail: dvd@ics.uci.ed, E-mail: jinx@ics.uci.ed, E-mail: aconnors@eurekabayes.co, E-mail: pfreeman@cmu.ed, E-mail: azezas@cfa.harvard.ed [Physics Department, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208, GR-710 03, Heraklion, Crete (Greece)

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

38

Interactive situation modelling in knowledge-intensive domains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper shows how knowledge from various sources in a knowledge intensive domain can be modelled using principles of ethnography. This is achieved by bridging the symmetry of ignorance gap that exists between process owners and system developers. ... Keywords: ethnography, knowledge intensive domains, requirement engineering, situation modelling, systems modelling

Kiran Jude Fernandes

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Stochastic Local Intensity Loss Models with Interacting Particle Aurelien Alfonsi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by a unit increasing time inhomogeneous Markov process, whose deterministic jump intensity is called local (2008) allow to get a stochastic jump intensity while keeping the same marginal laws. These models)) and consider the following dynamics for the stock under a risk-neutral probability: dSt = rStdt + f(Yt)(t, St

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

40

energy intensity | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

intensity intensity Dataset Summary Description Energy intensity data and documentation published by the U.S. DOE's office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). Energy intensity is defined as: amount of energy used in producing a given level of output or activity; expressed as energy per unit of output. This is the energy intensity of the the electricity sector, which is an energy consuming sector that generates electricity. Data are organized to separate electricity-only generators from combined heat and power (CHP) generators. Data is available for the period 1949 - 2004. Source EERE Date Released May 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Electricity Energy Consumption energy intensity fossil fuels renewable energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon electricity_indicators.xls (xls, 2.1 MiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

High-power, high-intensity laser propagation and interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents overviews of a number of processes and applications associated with high-power, high-intensity lasers, and their interactions. These processes and applications include: free electron lasers, backward Raman amplification, atmospheric propagation of laser pulses, laser driven acceleration, atmospheric lasing, and remote detection of radioactivity. The interrelated physical mechanisms in the various processes are discussed.

Sprangle, Phillip [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Electrical and Computer Engineering and Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20740 (United States); Hafizi, Bahman [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Accelerators for Intensity Frontier Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008, the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel identified three frontiers for research in high energy physics, the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. In this paper, I will describe how Fermilab is configuring and upgrading the accelerator complex, prior to the development of Project X, in support of the Intensity Frontier.

Derwent, Paul; /Fermilab

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

43

Self-interaction-free time-dependent density-functional theory for molecular processes in strong fields: High-order harmonic generation of H2 in intense laser fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-interaction-free time-dependent density-functional theory for molecular processes in strong work of Hohenberg and Kohn 1 and Kohn and Sham 2 , the steady-state density-functional theory DFT has-electron systems, within the density-functional theory, is much less developed. The central theme of the modern

Chu, Shih-I

44

Neutral particle beam intensity controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The neutral beam intensity controller is based on selected magnetic defocusing of the ion beam prior to neutralization. The defocused portion of the beam is dumped onto a beam dump disposed perpendicular to the beam axis. Selective defocusing is accomplished by means of a magnetic field generator disposed about the neutralizer so that the field is transverse to the beam axis. The magnetic field intensity is varied to provide the selected partial beam defocusing of the ions prior to neutralization. The desired focused neutral beam portion passes along the beam path through a defining aperture in the beam dump, thereby controlling the desired fraction of neutral particles transmitted to a utilization device without altering the kinetic energy level of the desired neutral particle fraction. By proper selection of the magnetic field intensity, virtually zero through 100% intensity control of the neutral beam is achieved.

Dagenhart, W.K.

1984-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

45

Gamma radiation field intensity meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode. 4 figs.

Thacker, L.H.

1995-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

46

Gamma radiation field intensity meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode. 4 figs.

Thacker, L.H.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

47

Gamma radiation field intensity meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode.

Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Gamma radiation field intensity meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode.

Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

E-Print Network 3.0 - angular intensity distribution Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

height (z z ) 2 o z --1 2 is so only particles intense wave region... minority ion-cyclotron heating, even though process introduces negligible angular momentum....

50

Changes in Energy Intensity 1985-1991  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Changes in Energy Intensity Changes in Energy Intensity 1985-1991 Overview Full Report The focus is on intensity of energy use measured by energy consumption relative to constant...

51

Intensive Skills Activities CAREERS SERVICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the state under the cover of night and in broad daylight, perhaps swimming in ship ballast water, tucked and the rest of the world focus more intensely on producing fuels and energy from grasses and other non to subscribe (it's free!), send a note to Futures Editor, 109 Agriculture Hall, Michigan State University, East

Bristol, University of

52

Neutral particle beam intensity controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutral beam intensity controller is provided for a neutral beam generator in which a neutral beam is established by accelerating ions from an ion source into a gas neutralizer. An amplitude modulated, rotating magnetic field is applied to the accelerated ion beam in the gas neutralizer to defocus the resultant neutral beam in a controlled manner to achieve intensity control of the neutral beam along the beam axis at constant beam energy. The rotating magnetic field alters the orbits of ions in the gas neutralizer before they are neutralized, thereby controlling the fraction of neutral particles transmitted out of the neutralizer along the central beam axis to a fusion device or the like. The altered path or defocused neutral particles are sprayed onto an actively cooled beam dump disposed perpendicular to the neutral beam axis and having a central open for passage of the focused beam at the central axis of the beamline. Virtually zero therough 100% intensity control is achieved by varying the magnetic field strength without altering the ion source beam intensity or its species yield.

Dagenhart, William K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Neutrino physics with an intense \  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study some of the physics potential of an intense $1\\,\\mathrm{MCi}$ $^{51}\\mathrm{Cr}$ source combined with the {\\sc Majorana Demonstrator} enriched germanium detector array. The {\\sc Demonstrator} will consist of detectors with ultra-low radioactive backgrounds and extremely low energy thresholds of~$\\sim 400\\,\\mathrm{eV}$. We show that it can improve the current limit on the neutrino magnetic dipole moment. We briefly discuss physics applications of the charged-current reaction of the $^{51}\\mathrm{Cr} neutrino with the $^{73}\\mathrm{Ge} isotope. Finally, we argue that the rate from a realistic, intense tritium source is below the detectable limit of even a tonne-scale HPGe experiment

R. Henning

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

54

ARM AOS Processing Status and Aerosol Intensive Properties VAP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Andrews, and P. J. Sheridan National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado Abstract The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerosol Observing System (AOS)...

55

ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass-Fired Boilers Reducing Superheater Corrosion to Enable Maximum Energy Effi ciency This project will develop...

56

Chemical Processing White Papers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydrogen from hydrocarbon mixtures, and propylene from propane, and if scaled up, could cut the cost to traditional energy-intensive separation processes such as distillation or cryogenic techniques, molecular

Nair, Sankar

57

Handbook of Pediatric Intensive Care  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...objectionable, but I found that it streamlined the text. This handbook is useful in at least two ways. First, it can serve as a mini-textbook on pediatric intensive care. It is not meant to be a substitute for any of the major works in the field, but it does provide enough information for the reader to gain more... In caring for critically ill children, the demands on one's time are great, and there is often little time left for reading. Although there are a number of excellent, comprehensive books on pediatric critical care that must be read by those in the field, ...

Trager J.D.K.

1996-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

58

PNNL Data-Intensive Computing for a Smarter Energy Grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Middleware for Data-Intensive Computing (MeDICi) Integration Framework, an integrated platform to solve data analysis and processing needs, supports PNNL research on the U.S. electric power grid. MeDICi is enabling development of visualizations of grid operations and vulnerabilities, with goal of near real-time analysis to aid operators in preventing and mitigating grid failures.

Carol Imhoff; Zhenyu (Henry) Huang [Henry; Daniel Chavarria

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

PNNL Data-Intensive Computing for a Smarter Energy Grid  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Middleware for Data-Intensive Computing (MeDICi) Integration Framework, an integrated platform to solve data analysis and processing needs, supports PNNL research on the U.S. electric power grid. MeDICi is enabling development of visualizations of grid operations and vulnerabilities, with goal of near real-time analysis to aid operators in preventing and mitigating grid failures.

Carol Imhoff; Zhenyu (Henry) Huang; Daniel Chavarria

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

60

High–intensity lasers: interactions with atoms, molecules and clusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tra from around 2500-atom xenon clusters irradiated by 2 1016...charge states up to 12+ in xenon and 8+ in krypton at an intensity...process converts the coherent oscillation energy of the electron cloud...result of a resonantly driven oscillation of the entire cluster elec...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Portfolio of projects focused on investments in high-impact, crosscutting opportunities that provide significant energy savings and carbon reductions across a broad industrial base

62

Measuring energy efficiency: Is energy intensity a good evidence base?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There is a widespread assumption in energy statistics and econometrics that energy intensity and energy efficiency are equivalent measures of energy performance of economies. The paper points to the discrepancy between the engineering concept of energy efficiency and the energy intensity as it is understood in macroeconomic statistics. This double discrepancy concerns definitions (while engineering concept of energy efficiency is based on the thermodynamic definition, energy intensity includes economic measures) and use. With regard to the latter, the authors conclude that energy intensity can only provide indirect and delayed evidence of technological and engineering energy efficiency of energy conversion processes, which entails shortcomings for management and policymaking. Therefore, we suggest to stop considering subsectoral, sectoral and other levels of energy intensities as aggregates of lower-level energy efficiency. It is suggested that the insufficiency of energy intensity indicators can be compensated with the introduction of thermodynamic indicators describing energy efficiency at the physical, technological, enterprise, sub-sector, sectoral and national levels without references to any economic or financial parameters. Structured statistical data on thermodynamic efficiency is offered as a better option for identifying break-through technologies and technological bottle-necks that constrain efficiency advancements. It is also suggested that macro-level thermodynamic indicators should be based on the thermodynamic first law efficiency and the energy quality problem may be left to enterprise-level thermoeconomic optimization.

L. Proskuryakova; A. Kovalev

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Energy Intensity Baselining and Tracking Guidance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Intensity Baselining and Tracking Guidance for the Better Buildings, Better Plants Program helps companies meet the program’s reporting requirements by describing the steps necessary to develop an energy consumption and energy intensity baseline and calculating consumption and intensity changes over time.

64

Intensity Frontier: More Information | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intensity Intensity Frontier » Intensity Frontier: More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier: More Information Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Experiments at the Intensity Frontier aim to transform our understanding of

65

Mercury Intense Target (MERIT) Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Muon Collaboration Friday Mtg. Oct. 28, 2005 Design Review in July Collaboration Friday Mtg. Oct. 28, 2005 Design Approach ­ Two Design Packages to Expedite Procurement (1 - Procurement in November using BNL procurement process #12;4 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT

McDonald, Kirk

66

Energy Recovery in Industrial Distillation Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY RECOVERY IN INDUSTRIAL DISTILLATION PROCESSES Duane B. Paul General Electric Company Fitchburg, Massachusetts ABSTRACT Overhead separati on processes whi ch present attracti ve Distillation processes are energy intensive Condenser...

Paul, D. B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Energy Intensity Baselining and Tracking Guidance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Learn more at betterbuildings.energy.gov Energy Intensity Baselining and Tracking Guidance i Preface The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Better Buildings, Better Plants Program...

68

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Aluminium Production (

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Primary Energy Intensity Values for Stand-

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Data Intensive Architecture for Scalable Cyber Analytics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cyber analysts are tasked with the identification and mitigation of network exploits and threats. These compromises are difficult to identify due to the characteristics of cyber communication, the volume of traffic, and the duration of possible attack. In this paper, we describe a prototype implementation designed to provide cyber analysts an environment where they can interactively explore a month’s worth of cyber security data. This prototype utilized On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) techniques to present a data cube to the analysts. The cube provides a summary of the data, allowing trends to be easily identified as well as the ability to easily pull up the original records comprising an event of interest. The cube was built using SQL Server Analysis Services (SSAS), with the interface to the cube provided by Tableau. This software infrastructure was supported by a novel hardware architecture comprising a Netezza TwinFin® for the underlying data warehouse and a cube server with a FusionIO drive hosting the data cube. We evaluated this environment on a month’s worth of artificial, but realistic, data using multiple queries provided by our cyber analysts. As our results indicate, OLAP technology has progressed to the point where it is in a unique position to provide novel insights to cyber analysts, as long as it is supported by an appropriate data intensive architecture.

Olsen, Bryan K.; Johnson, John R.; Critchlow, Terence J.

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

71

A microsecond-pulsewidth, intense, light-ion beam accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A relatively long-pulsewidth (0.1-1 {mu}s) intense ion beam accelerator has been built for materials processing applications. An applied-B{sub r}, magnetically-insulated extraction ion diode with dielectric flashover ion source is installed directly onto the output of a 1.2-MV, 300-kJ Marx generator. Initial operation of the accelerator at 0.4 MV indicates satisfactory performance without the need for additional pulse-shaping.

Rej, D.J.; Bartsch, R.R.; Davis, H.A.; Greenly, J.B.; Waganaar, W.J.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Recognizing targets from infrared intensity scan patterns using artificial neural networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recognizing targets from infrared intensity scan patterns using artificial neural networks Tayfun complicating the localization and recognition process. We employ artificial neural networks to deter- mine differentiation; artificial neural networks; optimal brain surgeon; pattern recognition. Paper 080450R received

Barshan, Billur

73

The energy required to produce materials: constraints on energy-intensity improvements, parameters of demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...processes. Data for iron energy intensity are adapted...are adapted from Choate Green-[16]. Production...15 Smil, V . 2008 Energy in nature and society...Choate, WT , and JAS Green. 2003 US energy requirements for aluminum...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Intense Muon Physics Working Group Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The intense muon beams which will be available at a neutrino factory provide a unique opportunity for searching for physics beyond the standard model, both in lepton flavor violation and in the search for a permanent electric dipole moment for the muon. Other experiments which can use intense muon beams will also be possible.

B. Lee Roberts; Marco Grassi; Akira Sato

2005-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

75

Description of Energy Intensity Tables (12)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Description of Energy Intensity Data Tables 3. Description of Energy Intensity Data Tables There are 12 data tables used as references for this report. Specifically, these tables are categorized as tables 1 and 2 present unadjusted energy-intensity ratios for Offsite-Produced Energy and Total Inputs of Energy for 1985, 1988, 1991, and 1994; along with the percentage changes between 1985 and the three subsequent years (1988, 1991, and 1994) tables 3 and 4 present 1988, 1991, and 1994 energy-intensity ratios that have been adjusted to the mix of products shipped from manufacturing establishments in 1985 tables 5 and 6 present unadjusted energy-intensity ratios for Offsite-Produced Energy and Total Inputs of Energy for 1988, 1991, and 1994; along with the percentage changes between 1988 and the two subsequent

76

Techniques for optically compressing light intensity ranges  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pin hole camera assembly for use in viewing an object having a relatively large light intensity range, for example a crucible containing molten uranium in an atomic vapor laser isotope separator (AVLIS) system is disclosed herein. The assembly includes means for optically compressing the light intensity range appearing at its input sufficient to make it receivable and decipherable by a standard video camera. A number of different means for compressing the intensity range are disclosed. These include the use of photogray glass, the use of a pair of interference filters, and the utilization of a new liquid crystal notch filter in combination with an interference filter.

Rushford, Michael C. (Livermore, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Techniques for optically compressing light intensity ranges  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pin hole camera assembly for use in viewing an object having a relatively large light intensity range, for example a crucible containing molten uranium in an atomic vapor laser isotope separator (AVLIS) system is disclosed herein. The assembly includes means for optically compressing the light intensity range appearing at its input sufficient to make it receivable and decipherable by a standard video camera. A number of different means for compressing the intensity range are disclosed. These include the use of photogray glass, the use of a pair of interference filters, and the utilization of a new liquid crystal notch filter in combination with an interference filter. 18 figs.

Rushford, M.C.

1989-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

78

Building dependability arguments for software intensive systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method is introduced for structuring and guiding the development of end-to-end dependability arguments. The goal is to establish high-level requirements of complex software-intensive systems, especially properties that ...

Seater, Robert Morrison

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Computational phase imaging based on intensity transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light is a wave, having both an amplitude and a phase. However, optical frequencies are too high to allow direct detection of phase; thus, our eyes and cameras see only real values - intensity. Phase carries important ...

Waller, Laura A. (Laura Ann)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Modelling patient states in intensive care patients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extensive bedside monitoring in hospital Intensive Care Units (ICU) has resulted in a deluge of information on patient physiology. Consequently, clinical decision makers have to reason with data that is simultaneously large ...

Kshetri, Kanak Bikram

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Transport of elliptic intense charged -particle beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transport theory of high-intensity elliptic charged-particle beams is presented. In particular, the halo formation and beam loss problem associated with the high space charge and small-aperture structure is addressed, ...

Zhou, J. (Jing), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Technical Change, Investment and Energy Intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper analyzes the role of different components of technical change on energy intensity by applying a Translog variable cost function setting to the new EU KLEMS dataset for 3 selected EU countries (Italy, Finland and ...

Kratena, Kurt

83

Sustaining Performance Improvements in Energy Intensive Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experience has shown that significant opportunity for performance improvements exists in energy intensive operations. Often, efforts to improve efficiency focus on vendor-led initiatives to improve operations of particular equipment. This approach...

Moore, D. A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Absolute vs. intensity-based emission caps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cap-and-trade systems limit emissions to some pre-specified absolute quantity. Intensity-based limits, that restrict emissions to some pre-specified rate relative to input or output, are much more widely used in environmental ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.

85

Laser intensity effects in noncommutative QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a two-fold extension of QED assuming the presence of strong external fields provided by an ultra-intense laser and noncommutativity of spacetime. While noncommutative effects leave the electron's intensity induced mass shift unchanged, the photons change significantly in character: they acquire a quasi-momentum that is no longer light-like. We study the consequences of this combined noncommutative strong-field effect for basic lepton-photon interactions.

Thomas Heinzl; Anton Ilderton; Mattias Marklund

2010-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

86

Commissioning of intensity modulated neutron radiotherapy (IMNRT)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Intensity modulated neutron radiotherapy (IMNRT) has been developed using inhouse treatment planning and delivery systems at the Karmanos Cancer Center/Wayne State University Fast Neutron Therapy facility. The process of commissioning IMNRT for clinical use is presented here. Results of commissioning tests are provided including validation measurements using representative patient plans as well as those from the TG-119 test suite. Methods: IMNRT plans were created using the Varian Eclipse optimization algorithm and an inhouse planning system for calculation of neutron dose distributions. Tissue equivalent ionization chambers and an ionization chamber array were used for point dose and planar dose distribution comparisons with calculated values. Validation plans were delivered to water and virtual water phantoms using TG-119 measurement points and evaluation techniques. Photon and neutron doses were evaluated both inside and outside the target volume for a typical IMNRT plan to determine effects of intensity modulation on the photon dose component. Monitor unit linearity and effects of beam current and gantry angle on output were investigated, and an independent validation of neutron dosimetry was obtained. Results: While IMNRT plan quality is superior to conventional fast neutron therapy plans for clinical sites such as prostate and head and neck, it is inferior to photon IMRT for most TG-119 planning goals, particularly for complex cases. This results significantly from current limitations on the number of segments. Measured and calculated doses for 11 representative plans (six prostate/five head and neck) agreed to within -0.8 {+-} 1.4% and 5.0 {+-} 6.0% within and outside the target, respectively. Nearly all (22/24) ion chamber point measurements in the two phantom arrangements were within the respective confidence intervals for the quantity [(measured-planned)/prescription dose] derived in TG-119. Mean differences for all measurements were 0.5% (max = 7.0%) and 1.4% (max = 4.1%) in water and virtual water, respectively. The mean gamma pass rate for all cases was 92.8% (min = 88.6%). These pass rates are lower than typically achieved with photon IMRT, warranting development of a planar dosimetry system designed specifically for IMNRT and/or the improvement of neutron beam modeling in the penumbral region. The fractional photon dose component did not change significantly in a typical IMNRT plan versus a conventional fast neutron therapy plan, and IMNRT delivery is not expected to significantly alter the RBE. All other commissioning results were considered satisfactory for clinical implementation of IMNRT, including the external neutron dose validation, which agreed with the predicted neutron dose to within 1%. Conclusions: IMNRT has been successfully commissioned for clinical use. While current plan quality is inferior to photon IMRT, it is superior to conventional fast neutron therapy. Ion chamber validation results for IMNRT commissioning are also comparable to those typically achieved with photon IMRT. Gamma pass rates for planar dose distributions are lower than typically observed for photon IMRT but may be improved with improved planar dosimetry equipment and beam modeling techniques. In the meantime, patient-specific quality assurance measurements should rely more heavily on point dose measurements with tissue equivalent ionization chambers. No significant technical impediments are anticipated in the clinical implementation of IMNRT as described here.

Burmeister, Jay; Snyder, Michael [Karmanos Cancer Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201 (United States); Spink, Robyn; Liang Liang; Bossenberger, Todd; Halford, Robert [Karmanos Cancer Center, Detroit, Michigan 48201 (United States); Brandon, John [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48201 (United States); Delauter, Jonathan [Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201 (United States)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

Process / CI Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Process/Continual Improvement Rev. 11_0406 Page 1 of 6 2 Process/Continual Improvement Rev. 11_0406 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Process/Continual Improvement Document Number: P-012 Rev 11_0406 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: David Rocha Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001 Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Staff Referenced Document(s): F-016 Process/Continual Improvement Form, P-001 Document Control Process, P-008 Corrective Action and Preventive Action, P-004 Business System Management Review P-012 Process/Continual Improvement Rev. 11_0406 Page 2 of 6 Revision History:

88

Production of intense negative hydrogen beams with polarized nuclei by selective neutralization of cold negative ions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for selectively neutralizing H/sup -/ ions in a magnetic field to produce an intense negative hydrogen ion beam with spin polarized protons. Characteristic features of the process include providing a multi-ampere beam of H/sup -/ ions that are

Hershcovitch, A.

1984-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

89

Nonlinear dynamics of ionization stabilization of atoms in intense laser fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the stabilization of ionization of atoms subjected to a superintense laser pulse using nonlinear dynamics. We provide an explanation for the lack of complete ionization at high intensity and for the decrease of the ionization probability as intensity is increased. We investigate the role of each part of the laser pulse (ramp-up, plateau, ramp-down) in this process. We emphasize the role of the choice for the ionization criterion, energy versus distance criterion.

Michael Norman; C. Chandre; T. Uzer; Peijie Wang

2014-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

90

Planning the Future of U.S. Particle Physics (Snowmass 2013): Chapter 2: Intensity Frontier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These reports present the results of the 2013 Community Summer Study of the APS Division of Particles and Fields ("Snowmass 2013") on the future program of particle physics in the U.S. Chapter 2, on the Intensity Frontier, discusses the program of research with high-intensity beams and rare processes. This area includes experiments on neutrinos, proton decay, charged-lepton and quark weak interactions, atomic and nuclear probes of fundamental symmetries, and searches for new, light, weakly-interacting particles.

J. L. Hewett; H. Weerts; K. S. Babu; J. Butler; B. Casey; A. de Gouvea; R. Essig; Y. Grossman; D. Hitlin; J. Jaros; E. Kearns; K. Kumar; Z. Ligeti; Z. -T. Lu; K. Pitts; M. Ramsey-Musolf; J. Ritchie; K. Scholberg; W. Wester; G. P. Zeller

2014-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

91

Planning the Future of U.S. Particle Physics (Snowmass 2013): Chapter 2: Intensity Frontier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These reports present the results of the 2013 Community Summer Study of the APS Division of Particles and Fields ("Snowmass 2013") on the future program of particle physics in the U.S. Chapter 2, on the Intensity Frontier, discusses the program of research with high-intensity beams and rare processes. This area includes experiments on neutrinos, proton decay, charged-lepton and quark weak interactions, atomic and nuclear probes of fundamental symmetries, and searches for new, light, weakly-interacting particles.

Hewett, J L; Babu, K S; Butler, J; Casey, B; de Gouvea, A; Essig, R; Grossman, Y; Hitlin, D; Jaros, J; Kearns, E; Kumar, K; Ligeti, Z; Lu, Z -T; Pitts, K; Ramsey-Musolf, M; Ritchie, J; Scholberg, K; Wester, W; Zeller, G P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Future High-Intensity Proton Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides an overview of currently planned high-intensity proton accelerators. While for high energies (>10GeV) synchrotrons remain the preferred tools to produce high-intensity beams, recent years have seen an impressive development of linac-based lower-energy (intensity proton drivers for spallation sources, accelerator driven systems (ADS), production of Radioactive Ion Beams (RIB) and various neutrino applications (beta-beam, superbeam, neutrino factory). This paper discusses the optimum machine types for the various beam requirements and uses a range of projects, which are likely to be realised within the coming decade, to illustrate the different approaches to reach high average beam power with the application-specific time structure. Only machines with a beam power above 100kW are considered.

Gerigk, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Short rise time intense electron beam generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A generator for producing an intense relativisitc electron beam having a subnanosecond current rise time includes a conventional generator of intense relativistic electrons feeding into a short electrically conductive drift tube including a cavity containing a working gas at a low enough pressure to prevent the input beam from significantly ionizing the working gas. Ionizing means such as a laser simultaneously ionize the entire volume of working gas in the cavity to generate an output beam having a rise time less than one nanosecond.

Olson, C.L.

1984-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

94

Analysis of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the aggregate energy-intensity of industry. Applied Energyindustries with final energy intensities of 12.3 Billion BtuAs mentioned, the energy intensity of this sector is much

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

2014 call for NERSC's Data Intensive Computing Pilot Program...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NERSC's Data Intensive Computing Pilot Program 2014 call for NERSC's Data Intensive Computing Pilot Program Due December 10 November 18, 2013 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments)...

96

ARM - Evaluation Product - MFRSR-Column Intensive Properties  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Product : MFRSR-Column Intensive Properties The MFRSR-Column Intensive Properties (CIP) value-added product (VAP) has been developed for estimating the microphysical (e.g.,...

97

Strategies for the Commercialization & Deployment of GHG Intensity...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategies for the Commercialization & Deployment of GHG Intensity-Reducing Technologies & Practices Strategies for the Commercialization & Deployment of GHG Intensity-Reducing...

98

Reducing Industrial Energy Intensity in the Southeast Project...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industrial Energy Intensity in the Southeast Project Fact Sheet Reducing Industrial Energy Intensity in the Southeast Project Fact Sheet This fact sheet contains details regarding...

99

WHERE ARE THE MOST INTENSE THUNDERSTORMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provided unparalleled information on the global distribution of intense convective storms. T he Tropical-alti- tude, non-sun-synchronous orbit permits sampling throughout the diurnal cycle of precipitation. The cloud-top temperature of storms has been measured using infrared (IR) bright- ness temperature (Tb

Nesbitt, Steve

100

DC response of hot carriers under circularly polarized intense microwave fields and intense magnetic fields in quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hot carrier dynamics under intense microwave and crossed magnetic fields are investigated theoretically for the case that the dominant scattering process is inelastic collision, especially intersubband and intrasubband transition in Quantum wells. If the applied electric fields are circularly polarized, the equation of motion forms symmetric on the x-y plane. But the carrier motions are complicated to accumulate because of acceleration and emission process. This situation makes possible to create a variation of the carrier motion, typically the carrier bunching is occurred. This state is a sort of population inversion. The DC response of this system attains strongly negative at appropriate field conditions. Through the simulation for the real case described below, it may include a type of induced emission.

Ishida, Norihisa, E-mail: ishida-norihisa@hotmail.com [Japan Electronics College, 1-25-5 Hyakunin-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8522 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Improving Performance on Data-Intensive Applications Using a Load Balancing Methodology Based on Divisible Load Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data-intensive applications are those that explore, query ... , and, in general, process very large data sets. Generally, these applications can be ... implementations show severe performance problems mainly due ...

Claudia Rosas; Anna Sikora; Josep Jorba…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Comparison Study of Energy Intensity in the Textile Industry: A Case Study in Five Textile Sub-sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper contributes to the understanding of energy use in the textile industry by comparing the energy intensity of textile plants in five major sub-sectors, i.e. spinning, weaving, wet-processing, worsted fabric manufacturing, and carpet...

Hasanbeigi, A.; Hasanabadi, A.; Abdorrazaghi, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Determination of Furosine, Lysinoalanine (LAL) and 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) as a Measure of Heat Intensity for UHT-Milk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

UHT treatment of milk results in such chemical alterations of the product as degradation of essential nutrients, or formation of undesired substances. To evaluate the intensity of the heating process it is pos...

B. Dehn-Müller; B. Müller; M. Lohmann; H. F. Erbersdobler

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S. Title A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S. Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2011 Authors Hasanbeigi, Ali, Lynn K. Price, Nathaniel T. Aden, Zhang Chunxia, Li Xiuping, and Shangguan Fangqin Date Published June/2011 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Iron & Steel Research Institute, Iron and Steel Industry Keywords energy intensity, energy use, Low Emission & Efficient Industry Abstract Production of iron and steel is an energy-intensive manufacturing process. In 2006, the iron and steel industry accounted for 13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China and the U.S., respectively (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2010a; Zhang et al., 2010). The energy efficiency of steel production has a direct impact on overall energy consumption and related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The goal of this study is to develop a methodology for making an accurate comparison of the energy intensity (energy use per unit of steelproduced) of steel production. The methodology is applied to the steel industry in China and the U.S. The methodology addresses issues related to boundary definitions, conversion factors, and indicators in order industry energy use to develop a common framework for comparing steel intensity energy use.

105

Table 22. Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual" Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected" " (quadrillion Btu / real GDP in billion 2005 chained dollars)" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011 "AEO 1994",11.24893441,11.08565002,10.98332766,10.82852279,10.67400621,10.54170176,10.39583203,10.27184573,10.14478673,10.02575883,9.910410202,9.810812106,9.69894802,9.599821783,9.486985399,9.394733753,9.303329725,9.221322623 "AEO 1995",,10.86137373,10.75116461,10.60467959,10.42268977,10.28668187,10.14461664,10.01081222,9.883759026,9.759022105,9.627404949,9.513643295,9.400418762,9.311729546,9.226142899,9.147374752,9.071102491,8.99599906 "AEO 1996",,,10.71047701,10.59846153,10.43655044,10.27812088,10.12746866,9.9694713,9.824165152,9.714832565,9.621874334,9.532324916,9.428169355,9.32931308,9.232716414,9.170931044,9.086870061,9.019963901,8.945602337

106

Efficiency and Intensity in the AEO 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Session 9 Session 9 Energy Efficiency: Measuring Gains and Quantifying Opportunities April 7, 2010 2010 Energy Conference Washington, DC Steve Wade, Economist Efficiency and Intensity in the AEO 2010 Steve Wade, 2010 Energy Conference, April 7, 2010 2 * What are the sources of efficiency in the AEO 2010? * What is the contribution of energy efficiency to projected U.S. energy intensity? * How do AEO scenarios relate to technical potential? Overview Steve Wade, 2010 Energy Conference, April 7, 2010 3 * Technology - Stock turnover - Progress and learning * Mandates - CAFÉ, efficiency standards (NAECA, EPACT), building codes... - Renewable fuel standards * Incentives - Tax credits, loan guarantees, grants, ...  Energy efficiency and renewables - ACESA, ARRA (stimulus bill) ...  Investment tax credits

107

How intense quality control improves hydraulic fracturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Not unlike the subject of Forced Closure, Intense Quality Control is probably misnamed. What actually is discussed in this article is pilot testing of the fracturing fluids actually pumped at in-situ conditions of temperature and shear. Presented here is development of the need for onsite testing, equipment used, shear and viscosity curves from several jobs showing what went wrong that would otherwise not have been known, and a discussion of borate gel fluids.

Ely, J.W. [Ely and Associates, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Intensive Variables & Nanostructuring in Magnetostructural Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the course of this project, fundamental inquiry was carried out to investigate, understand and predict the effects of intensive variables, including the structural scale, on magnetostructural phase transitions in the model system of equiatomic FeRh. These transitions comprise simultaneous magnetic and structural phase changes that have their origins in very strong orbital-lattice coupling and thus may be driven by a plurality of effects.

Lewis, Laura

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

109

Correlated-Intensity velocimeter for Arbitrary Reflector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A velocimetry apparatus and method comprising splitting incoming reflected laser light and directing the laser light into first and second arms, filtering the laser light with passband filters in the first and second arms, one having a positive passband slope and the other having a negative passband slope, and detecting the filtered laser light via light intensity detectors following the passband filters in the first and second arms

Wang, Zhehui (Los Alamos, NM); Luo, Shengnian (Los Alamos, NM); Barnes, Cris W. (Arlington, VA); Paul, Stephen F. (West Orange, NJ)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

110

Process Heating Assessment and Survey Tool (PHAST) Introduction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and helps plant personnel identify the most energy-intensive equipment. Process Heating Assessment and Survey Tool Introduction (January 30, 2007) More Documents & Publications...

111

Injection and capture simulations for a high intensity proton synchrotron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The injection and capture processes in a high intensity, rapid cycling, proton synchrotron are simulated by numerical integration. The equations of motion suitable for rapid numerical simulation are derived so as to maintain symplecticity and second-order accuracy. By careful bookkeeping, the authors can, for each particle that is lost, determine its initial phase space coordinates. They use this information as a guide for different injection schemes and rf voltage programming, so that a minimum of particle losses and dilution are attained. A fairly accurate estimate of the space charge fields is required, as they influence considerably the particle distribution and reduce the capture efficiency. Since the beam is represented by a relatively coarse ensemble of macro particles, the authors study several methods of reducing the statistical fluctuations while retaining the fine structure (high intensity modulations) of the beam distribution. A pre-smoothing of the data is accomplished by the cloud-in-cell method. The program is checked by making sure that it gives correct answers in the absence of space charge, and that it reproduces the negative mass instability properly. Results of simulations for stationary distributions are compared to their analytical predictions. The capture efficiency for the rapid-cycling synchrotron is analyzed with respect to variations in the injected beam energy spread, bunch length, and rf programming.

Cho, Y.; Lessner, E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Symon, K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Physics

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Turbulence intensity pulse propagation with self-consistent nonlinear noise  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model of turbulence intensity spreading with self-consistent nonlinear noise is derived systematically for the simple dynamical model of resistivity gradient driven turbulence. Local effective drive, thermal conduction damping, nonlinear coupling, and spatial scattering effects are included. As a consequence of nonlinear mode coupling processes (i.e., triad mode interactions), turbulence energy can be spatially scattered, leading to turbulence propagation and spreading. However, the range of any nonlinear mode interactions of the background with a test mode is restricted to within a few mode scale widths from the test mode rational surface. The speed of a turbulent spreading front is calculated. This front speed is effectively constant on macroscopic scales. We show that the effect of self-consistent nonlinear noise on the intensity front speed is modest, as a consequence of the ordering {Delta}{sub c}

Wang, Z. H. [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Department of Physics and Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0424 (United States); Diamond, P. H. [Department of Physics and Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0424 (United States); WCI Center for Fusion Theory, National Fusion Research Institute, Gwahangno 113, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Guercan, Oe. D. [Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique-CNRS, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Garbet, X. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Wang, X. G. [School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Intense steady state electron beam generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An intense, steady state, low emittance electron beam generator is formed by operating a hollow cathode discharge plasma source at critical levels in combination with an extraction electrode and a target electrode that are operable to extract a beam of fast primary electrons from the plasma source through a negatively biased grid that is critically operated to repel bulk electrons toward the plasma source while allowing the fast primary electrons to move toward the target in the desired beam that can be successfully transported for relatively large distances, such as one or more meters away from the plasma source.

Hershcovitch, Ady (Mount Sinai, NY); Kovarik, Vincent J. (Bohemia, NY); Prelec, Krsto (Setauket, NY)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Late-time cosmology with 21cm intensity mapping experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a framework for forecasting cosmological constraints from future neutral hydrogen intensity mapping experiments at low to intermediate redshifts. In the process, we establish a simple way of comparing such surveys with optical galaxy redshift surveys. We explore a wide range of experimental configurations and assess how well a number of cosmological observables (the expansion rate, growth rate, and angular diameter distance) and parameters (the densities of dark energy and dark matter, spatial curvature, the dark energy equation of state, etc.) will be measured by an extensive roster of upcoming experiments. A number of potential contaminants and systematic effects are also studied in detail. The overall picture is encouraging - Phase I of the SKA should be able to constrain the dark energy equation of state about as well as a DETF Stage IV galaxy redshift survey like Euclid or LSST, in roughly the same timeframe.

Bull, Philip; Patel, Prina; Santos, Mario G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-ultraviolet to X-ray region. Recently, injection of a single-pass FEL by the third laser harmonic of a TiLETTERS Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense-electron lasers promise to extend this down to femtosecond timescales. The process by which free-electron lasers

Loss, Daniel

116

A Novel Detector Design for Imaging Low-Intensity Diffuse Ion Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Novel Detector Design for Imaging Low- Intensity Diffuse Ion Beams J. Schmidt, R. de Souza, S for signal processing To image the beam scintillating fibers are used. Ionizing particles, when incident readouts for each dimension. Right: example of a beam profile. Above: EZ10EN drive electronics to control

de Souza, Romualdo T.

117

High intensity discharge device containing oxytrihalides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fill composition for a high intensity discharge device including mercury, niobium oxytrihalide, and a molecular stabilization agent is provided. The molar ratio of niobium oxytrihalide to the molecular stabilization agent in the fill is in the range of from about 5:1 to about 7.5:1. Niobium oxytrihalide is present in the fill in sufficient amount to produce, by dissociation in the discharge, atomic niobium, niobium oxide, NbO, and niobium dioxide, NbO[sub 2], with the molar ratio of niobium-containing vapor species to mercury in the fill being in the range of from about 0.01:1 to about 0.50:1; and mercury pressure of about 1 to about 50 atmospheres at lamp operating temperature. There is also provided a high intensity discharge device comprising a sealed light-transmissive arc tube; the arc tube including the above-described fill; and an energizing means for producing an electric discharge within the arc tube. 7 figs.

Lapatovich, W.P.; Keeffe, W.M.; Liebermann, R.W.; Maya, J.

1987-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

118

High intensity discharge device containing oxytrihalides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fill composition for a high intensity discharge device including mercury, niobium oxytrihalide, and a molecular stabilization agent is provided. The molar ratio of niobium oxytrihalide to the molecular stabilization agent in the fill is in the range of from about 5:1 to about 7.5:1. Niobium oxytrihalide is present in the fill in sufficient amount to produce, by dissociation in the discharge, atomic niobium, niobium oxide, NbO, and niobium dioxide, NbO.sub.2, with the molar ratio of niobium-containing vapor species to mercury in the fill being in the range of from about 0.01:1 to about 0.50:1; and mercury pressure of about 1 to about 50 atmospheres at lamp operating temperature. There is also provided a high intensity discharge device comprising a sealed light-transmissive arc tube; the arc tube including the above-described fill; and an energizing means for producing an electric discharge within the arc tube.

Lapatovich, Walter P. (Hudson, MA); Keeffe, William M. (Rockport, MA); Liebermann, Richard W. (Danvers, MA); Maya, Jakob (Brookline, MA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

High intensity specular reflectometry - first experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selene is the attempt to implement a new scheme for high-intensity specular reflectometry. Instead of a highly collimated beam one uses a convergent beam covering a large angular range. The angular resolution is then performed by a position-sensitive detector. Off-specular scattering in this set-up leads to some background, but for screening of wide parameter ranges (e.g. temperature, electric and magnetic fields) the intensity gain of at least one order of magnitude is essential. If necessary, the high precession measurements (even with off-specular components) then are performed with the conventional set-up. The heart of this new set-up is an elliptically focusing guide element of 2\\,m length. Though this guide is optimised for the use on the TOF reflectometer Amor at SINQ, it can be used as stand-alone device to check the possible application also for other neutron scattering techniques. The first measurements on AMOR confirmed the general concept and the various operation modes. A draw-back occurred due t...

Stahn, J; Panzner, T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Process / CI Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 Post Travel Summary 11_0221 Page 1 of 3 7 Post Travel Summary 11_0221 Page 1 of 3 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Post Travel Summary Document Number: ADMF-017 Post Travel Summary 11_0221 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: ADMP-004, Contractor Travel Process Notify of Changes: EOTA Staff Referenced Document(s): ADMF-007 EOTA Pre-Travel Authorization Form ADMF-017 Post Travel Summary 11_0221 Page 2 of 3 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change 11_0221 Initial Release ADMF-017 Post Travel Summary 11_0221 Page 3 of 3

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S Title A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2011 Authors Price, Lynn K., Ali Hasanbeigi, Nathaniel T. Aden, Zhang Chunxia, Li Xiuping, and Shangguan Fangqin Conference Name ACEEE Industrial Summer Study Date Published 07/2011 Publisher American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Conference Location New York Keywords china, energy intensity, iron and steel, Low Emission & Efficient Industry, united states Abstract The goal of this study was to develop a methodology for making an accurate comparison of the energy intensity of steel production in China and the U.S. The methodology addresses issues related to boundary definitions, conversion factors, and industry structure. In addition to the base case analysis, six scenarios were developed to assess the effect of different factors such as the share of electric arc furnace (EAF) steel production, conversion factors for the embodied energy of imported and exported intermediary and auxiliary products, and the differences in net calorific values of the fuels. The results of the analysis show that for the whole iron and steel production process, the final energy intensity in 2006 was equal to 14.90 GJ/tonne crude steel in the U.S. and 23.11 GJ/tonne crude steel in China in the base scenario. In another scenario that assumed the Chinese share of electric arc furnace production in 2006 (i.e. 10.5%) in the U.S., the energy intensity of steel production in the U.S. increased by 54% to 22.96GJ/tonne crude steel. Thus, when comparing the energy intensity of the U.S and Chinese steel industry,the structure of the industry should be taken into account.

122

Probabilistic Multiple-Linear Regression Modeling for Tropical Cyclone Intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors describe the development and verification of a statistical model relating tropical cyclone intensity to the local large-scale environment. A multiple linear regression framework is used to estimate the expected intensity of a tropical ...

Chia-Ying Lee; Michael K. Tippett; Suzana J. Camargo; Adam H. Sobel

123

Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings 1992 - Index...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Energy End-Use Intensities 1992 Energy End-Use Intensities Overview Tables National estimates of energy consumption by fuel (electricity and natural gas) and end use (heating,...

124

China's energy intensity and its determinants at the provincial level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy intensity is defined as the amount of energy consumed per dollar of GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The People's Republic of China's (China's) energy intensity has been declining significantly since the late 1970s. ...

Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Diversity–disturbance relationships: frequency and intensity interact  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...relationship depended on the frequency of disturbances by the...diversity as the response variable and frequency and intensity as factors...unequivocally that the frequency-intensity interaction drives the coexistence of ecologically...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated hypofractionated intensity...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(IMRT) de- pendends on finding... technologies. I. INTRODUCTION Intensity modulated radiation ... Source: Censor, Yair - Department of Mathematics, University of Haifa...

127

PERI Auto-tuning Memory Intensive Kernels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PERI PERI - Auto-tuning Memory Intensive Kernels for Multicore Samuel Williams † , Kaushik Datta † , Jonathan Carter , Leonid Oliker † , John Shalf , Katherine Yelick † , David Bailey CRD/NERSC, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA † Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA E-mail: SWWilliams@lbl.gov, kdatta@eecs.berkeley.edu, JTCarter@lbl.gov, LOliker@lbl.gov, JShalf@lbl.gov, KAYelick@lbl.gov, DHBailey@lbl.gov Abstract. We present an auto-tuning approach to optimize application performance on emerging multicore architectures. The methodology extends the idea of search-based performance optimizations, popular in linear algebra and FFT libraries, to application-specific computational kernels. Our work applies this strategy to Sparse Matrix Vector Multiplication

128

Position, rotation, and intensity invariant recognizing method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for recognizing the presence of a particular target in a field of view which is target position, rotation, and intensity invariant includes the preparing of a target-specific invariant filter from a combination of all eigen-modes of a pattern of the particular target. Coherent radiation from the field of view is then imaged into an optical correlator in which the invariant filter is located. The invariant filter is rotated in the frequency plane of the optical correlator in order to produce a constant-amplitude rotational response in a correlation output plane when the particular target is present in the field of view. Any constant response is thus detected in the output The U.S. Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC04-76DP00789 between the U.S. Department of Energy and AT&T Technologies, Inc.

Ochoa, Ellen (Pleasanton, CA); Schils, George F. (San Ramon, CA); Sweeney, Donald W. (Alamo, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Title of Dissertation: CONTROL AND TRANSPORT OF INTENSE ELECTRON BEAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Title of Dissertation: CONTROL AND TRANSPORT OF INTENSE ELECTRON BEAMS Hui Li, Doctor Engineering The transport of intense beams for advanced accelerator applications with high-intensity beams of beam characteristics over long distances. The University of Maryland Electron Ring (UMER), which uses

Anlage, Steven

130

AN INTENSE LOW ENERGY MUON SOURCE FOR THE MUON COLLIDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INTENSE LOW ENERGY MUON SOURCE FOR THE MUON COLLIDER D. Taqqu Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, CH Abstract A scheme for obtaining an intense source of low energy muons is described. It is based of the decay muons an intense intermediate energy muon beam is obtained. For the specific case of negative

McDonald, Kirk

131

Quantitative Measurements of X-ray Intensity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter describes the characterization of several X-ray sources and their use in calibrating different types of X-ray cameras at National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec). The cameras are employed in experimental plasma studies at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), including the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The sources provide X-rays in the energy range from several hundred eV to 110 keV. The key to this effort is measuring the X-ray beam intensity accurately and traceable to international standards. This is accomplished using photodiodes of several types that are calibrated using radioactive sources and a synchrotron source using methods and materials that are traceable to the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The accreditation procedures are described. The chapter begins with an introduction to the fundamental concepts of X-ray physics. The types of X-ray sources that are used for device calibration are described. The next section describes the photodiode types that are used for measuring X-ray intensity: power measuring photodiodes, energy dispersive photodiodes, and cameras comprising photodiodes as pixel elements. Following their description, the methods used to calibrate the primary detectors, the power measuring photodiodes and the energy dispersive photodiodes, as well as the method used to get traceability to international standards are described. The X-ray source beams can then be measured using the primary detectors. The final section then describes the use of the calibrated X-ray beams to calibrate X-ray cameras. Many of the references are web sites that provide databases, explanations of the data and how it was generated, and data calculations for specific cases. Several general reference books related to the major topics are included. Papers expanding some subjects are cited.

Haugh, M. J., Schneider, M.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Intensity and temperature-dependent photoluminescence of tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the recombination of excitons in tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum films by intensity and temperature dependent time-resolved photoluminescence (PL). At low temperature (15 K) and elevated excitation intensity the radiative emission is quenched by singlet-singlet annihilation processes. With rising temperature the PL quenching is strongly reduced resulting in a PL efficiency maximum at ?170 K. The reduced exciton annihilation is attributed to thermally activated occupation of non-quenchable trapped exciton states. Above 170 K the PL efficiency decreases due to thermal de-trapping of radiative states and subsequent migration to non-radiative centers.

Ajward, A. M.; Wang, X.; Wagner, H. P. [Department of Physics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 (United States)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

133

Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care Ii (Mimic-Ii): A Public-Access Intensive Care Unit Database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Objective: We sought to develop an intensive care unit research database applying automated techniques to aggregate high-resolution diagnostic and therapeutic data from a large, diverse population of adult intensive care ...

Saeed, Mohammed

134

Contamination by Dust Particles and Intensive Desiccation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the area of the quasi-porous internal surface of glass that has been cleaned and roughened by cleaning solution. Again, the fusion process may engulf and incorporate beneath a relatively ...

ALAN W. C. MENZIES

1930-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

135

ANALYSIS ON THE MAJOR INFLUENCE FACTORS OF ENERGY INTENSITY CHANGING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the energy intensity data of period 1990-2008, this paper uses impulse response function and variance decomposition model to empirical analysis the main influencing factors and effects of energy intensity,. The empirical results show that: the energy intensity of itself, and the proportion of secondary industry have a larger impact on energy intensity; the change of energy price and technological progress also play a certain impact on energy intensity; and the link with the internal relations and interaction mechanisms, which can play an active role in improving energy efficiency.

Xia Wang; Lu Tang

136

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics August 15, 2013 - 5:59pm Addthis High-intensity discharge (HID) lighting provides the highest efficacy and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting. Illustration of a high-intensity discharge (HID) lIllustration amp. The lamp is a tall cylindrical shape, and a cutout of the outer tube shows the materials inside. A long, thin cylinder called the arc tube runs through the lamp between two electrodes. The space around the arc tube is labeled as a vacuum. In a high-intensity discharge lamp, electricity arcs between two electrodes, creating an intensely bright light. Mercury, sodium, or metal halide gas

137

Climate Policy Design for Energy-Intensive Industries - And The Rest of Us  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Policy Design for Energy-Intensive Industries - And The Rest of Us Climate Policy Design for Energy-Intensive Industries - And The Rest of Us Speaker(s): Holmes Hummel Date: January 8, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Richard Diamond Driving the U.S. energy system toward climate stabilization requires integration of multiple policy instruments in a staged series of legislative and regulatory policy vehicles. Qualifying the limitations of a cap-and-trade approach, Dr. Hummel will present a framework for orienting and organizing a multi-faceted policy development process. After surveying key design recommendations for specific sectors, the presentation will drill deeper into the specific challenge of engaging energy-intensive industries subject to global competition. After briefly discussing some of

138

Using the Intensity Modulation Index to Test Pulsar Radio Emission Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This letter explores the possibility of testing pulsar radio emission models by observing pulse-to-pulse intensity modulation. It is shown that a relationship between a pulsar's period, period derivative, and intensity modulation is a natural consequence of at least one theoretical model of radio pulsar emission. It is proposed that other models may also predict a similar correlation. The exact form of the relationship will depend on the model in question. Hence, observations of intensity modulation should be able to determine the validity of the various emission models. In an attempt to search for the predicted dependencies, the modulation properties of a set of 12 pulsars are studied. These data are suggestive, but they are unable to differentiate between three possibilities for the emission process. Future observations will be able to confirm these results and determine whether or not specific emission models are viable.

F. A. Jenet; J. A. Gil

2003-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

139

Process oil manufacturing process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for producing a naphthenic process oil having reduced sulfur, nitrogen and polynuclear aromatics contents from a naphthenic feed containing same and having an atmospheric boiling range of about 650/sup 0/ to about 1200/sup 0/F. comprising: A. passing the feed into a first hydrotreating stage having a hydrotreating catalyst therein, the stage maintained at a temperature of about 600/sup 0/ to about 750/sup 0/F. and at a hydrogen partial pressure of about 400 to about 1500 psig, to convert at least a portion of the sulfur to hydrogen sulfide and the nitrogen to ammonia; B. passing the hydrotreated feed from the first hydrotreating stage in an intermediate stripping stage wherein hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, or both is removed; C. passing the hydrotreated feed from the intermediate stage into a second hydrotreating stage having therein a hydrotreating catalyst selected from the group consisting of nickel-molybdenum, cobalt-molybdenum, nickel-tungsten and mixtures thereof, the second hydrotreating stage maintained at a temperature lower than that of the first hydrotreating stage and at a hydrogen partial pressure ranging between about 400 and about 1,500 psig; D. monitoring the polynuclear aromatics content, the degree of saturation, or both of the product exiting the second hydrotreating stage; and, E. adjusting the temperature in the second hydrotreating stage to keep the polynuclear aromatics content, the degree of saturation, or both below a limit suitable for process oil.

Corman, B.G.; Korbach, P.F.; Webber, K.M.

1989-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

140

Table 23. Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual (quadrillion Btu / $Billion Nominal GDP) 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 AEO 1982 20.1 18.5 16.9 15.5 14.4 13.2 AEO 1983 19.9 18.7 17.4 16.2 15.1 14.0 9.5 AEO 1984 20.1 19.0 17.7 16.5 15.5 14.5 10.2 AEO 1985 20.0 19.1 18.0 16.9 15.9 14.7 13.7 12.7 11.8 11.0 10.3 AEO 1986 18.3 17.8 16.8 16.1 15.2 14.3 13.4 12.6 11.7 10.9 10.2 9.5 8.9 8.3 7.8 AEO 1987 17.6 17.0 16.3 15.4 14.5 13.7 12.9 12.1 11.4 8.2 AEO 1989* 16.9 16.2 15.2 14.2 13.3 12.5 11.7 10.9 10.2 9.6 9.0 8.5 8.0 AEO 1990 16.1 15.4 11.7 8.6 6.4 AEO 1991 15.5 14.9 14.2 13.6 13.0 12.5 11.9 11.3 10.8 10.3 9.7 9.2 8.7 8.3 7.9 7.4 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.0 AEO 1992 15.0 14.5 13.9 13.3 12.7 12.1 11.6 11.0 10.5 10.0 9.5 9.0 8.6 8.1 7.7 7.3 6.9 6.6 6.2 AEO 1993 14.7 13.9 13.4 12.8 12.3 11.8 11.2 10.7 10.2 9.6 9.2 8.7 8.3 7.8 7.4 7.1 6.7 6.4

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Molecular dynamics in intense laser fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...simpleman's model for above threshold ionization (ATI), where excess photons are absorbed on top of the minimum amount required...process for heavy molecules. Fragment atoms such as hydrogen and lithium, and their isotopes, are more difficult to study in this...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Mercury Intense Target (MERIT) Final Design Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review ­ MERIT Collab. Mtg. Oct. 17-19, 2005 Design Review Covers Remainder of the Hg Delivery System. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Final Design Review ­ MERIT Collab. Mtg. Oct. 17-19, 2005 Design Approach - Procurement in November using BNL procurement process #12;4 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT

McDonald, Kirk

143

Dense plasma heating and Gbar shock formation by a high intensity flux of energetic electrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Process of shock ignition in inertial confinement fusion implies creation of a high pressure shock with a laser spike having intensity of the order of a few PW/cm{sup 2}. However, the collisional (Bremsstrahlung) absorption at these intensities is inefficient and a significant part of laser energy is converted in a stream of energetic electrons. The process of shock formation in a dense plasma by an intense electron beam is studied in this paper in a planar geometry. The energy deposition takes place in a fixed mass target layer with the areal density determined by the electron range. A self-similar isothermal rarefaction wave of a fixed mass describes the expanding plasma. Formation of a shock wave in the target under the pressure of expanding plasma is described. The efficiency of electron beam energy conversion into the shock wave energy depends on the fast electron energy and the pulse duration. The model is applied to the laser produced fast electrons. The fast electron energy transport could be the dominant mechanism of ablation pressure creation under the conditions of shock ignition. The shock wave pressure exceeding 1 Gbar during 200–300 ps can be generated with the electron pulse intensity in the range of 5–10 PW/cm{sup 2}. The conclusions of theoretical model are confirmed in numerical simulations with a radiation hydrodynamic code coupled with a fast electron transport module.

Ribeyre, X.; Feugeas, J.-L.; Nicolaï, Ph.; Tikhonchuk, V. T. [University Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, CELIA, UMR 5107, 33405 Talence (France)] [University Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, CELIA, UMR 5107, 33405 Talence (France); Gus'kov, S. [University Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, CELIA, UMR 5107, 33405 Talence (France) [University Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, CELIA, UMR 5107, 33405 Talence (France); P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute RAS, 53, Leninskii Prospect, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 Process Deviation 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 0 Process Deviation 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Process Deviation Document Number: P-010 Rev 11-0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): F-013 Process Deviation Form, P-008 Corrective/Preventive Action, F-014 Process Deviation Log, ADMP-001 Procurement Process P-010 Process Deviation 11_0304 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 08_0822 Process assigned to new owner. Process and flowchart modified to require completion of all items on F-013. 09_0122 Process and flowchart modified to reflect process modifications.

145

Processing Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Processing Science Related to the Electron Beam Melting Additive Manufacturing Process October 14 th , 2014 Ryan Dehoff Metal Additive Manufacturing Thrust Lead Manufacturing...

146

BEAM INTENSITY AND ENERGY CONTROL FOR THE SPIRAL2 FACILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEAM INTENSITY AND ENERGY CONTROL FOR THE SPIRAL2 FACILITY C. Jamet, T. Andre, B. Ducoudret, C to control both beam intensity and energy by non-interceptive methods at the linac exit. The beam current will range in intensity from a few 10 A to 1mA for ions, up to 5 mA for deuterons, and in energy from 0.75 up

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

147

ESMAP-China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intensity Reduction Strategy Intensity Reduction Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name China-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country China Eastern Asia References China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy[1] Overview "The study involves the development of pragmatic "implementation" focused policy notes to support the Government of China's goal of reducing energy intensity in China focusing on: Reevaluation of renewable energy targets, growth path, and related

148

iterative regularization in intensity-modulated radiation therapy ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the overall deliverable treatment is of high quality and obtained at less expense ...... Intensity modulated photon beams subject to a minimal surface smoothing.

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Long Range Correlations of Light Intensity inside Photonic Nanostructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We measured directly long range spatial intensity correlations inside quasi-two dimensional disordered photonic waveguides. Enhancement of long-range correlations is observed in...

Sarma, Raktim; Yamilov, Alexey G; Shapiro, Boris; Cao, Hui

150

Probing Long Range Intensity Correlations inside Disordered Photonic Waveguides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report direct measurements of long-range spatial intensity correlations and fluctuations inside quasi-two-dimensional random structures. Long-range correlations are enhanced by...

Sarma, Raktim; Yamilov, Alexey; Neupane, Pauf; Shapiro, Boris; Cao, Hui

151

User Training for Data Intensive Science Co-Chairs: Fernanda...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

User Training for Data Intensive Science Co-Chairs: Fernanda Foertter, Tim Fahey 1 Contributors * Blaise Barney, LLNL * Karen Haskell, SNL * Bob Balance, SNL * Fernanda Foertter,...

152

Transverse Focussing of Intense Charged Particle Beams with Chromatic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transverse Focussing of Intense Charged Particle Beams with Chromatic Effects for Heavy Ion Fusion Inventors..--.. James M. Mitrani, Igor D, Kaganovich, Ronald C, Davidson. A two...

153

China-Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website http:www.esmap.orgfilezpub Country China Eastern Asia References China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy1 Overview "The study involves the development of...

154

Reducing Industrial Energy Intensity in the Southeast Project...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Authority and its project partners will establish the Southeastern Center for Industrial Energy Intensity Reduction (the Center) to inform industrial facilities about the U.S....

155

Comparison of International Energy Intensities across the G7...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Comparison of International Energy Intensities across the G7 and other parts of Europe, including Ukraine Elizabeth Sendich November 2014 Independent Statistics & Analysis...

156

High intensity x-ray source using liquid gallium target  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high intensity x-ray source that uses a flowing stream of liquid gallium as a target with the electron beam impinging directly on the liquid metal.

Smither, Robert K. (Hinsdale, IL); Knapp, Gordon S. (Cupertino, CA); Westbrook, Edwin M. (Chicago, IL); Forster, George A. (Westmont, IL)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in energy-intensive industries in key developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. Schaeffer, 1997, “Energy Intensity in the Iron and Steelwhich is the ratio of the actual energy intensity to thebest practice energy intensity, where the best practice

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Energy-Efficiency Technologies and Benchmarking the Energy Intensity for the Textile Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Benchmarking the Energy Intensity for the Textile Industryand Comparing the Energy Intensity in the Textile Industrywere visited. The energy intensity of each plant was

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Analysis and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selectedworld-best-practice-energy-intensity-values- selected-2005. Changes in energy intensities of Thai industry between

Can, Stephane de la Rue de

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Intensity-resolved Above Threshold Ionization Yields of Atoms with Ultrashort Laser Pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Electron ionization yields of xenon were measured for a set of laser pulse intensities using a time of flight (TOF) setup. Horizontally polarized, unchirped, pulses were used in the ionization process. All laser parameters other than the radiation... Tiezer, I am grateful for all their time and help. I would like to thank Dr. James Strohaber for detailed discussions and assistance related to this experiment. I acknowledge the Department of Physics at Texas A&M and the US Air Force...

Hart, Nathan Andrew

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Effects of light intensity and relative humidity on photosynthesis, growth and graft-take of grafted cucumber seedlings during healing and acclimatization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Healing and acclimatization are key processes for the survival of grafted plants. This study evaluated the influence of light intensity (photosynthetic photon flux, PPF) and relative humidity during the healin...

Yoonah Jang; Eiji Goto; Yasuhiro Ishigami…

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Intensity modulated neutron radiotherapy optimization by photon proxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Introducing intensity modulation into neutron radiotherapy (IMNRT) planning has the potential to mitigate some normal tissue complications seen in past neutron trials. While the hardware to deliver IMNRT plans has been in use for several years, until recently the IMNRT planning process has been cumbersome and of lower fidelity than conventional photon plans. Our in-house planning system used to calculate neutron therapy plans allows beam weight optimization of forward planned segments, but does not provide inverse optimization capabilities. Commercial treatment planning systems provide inverse optimization capabilities, but currently cannot model our neutron beam. Methods: We have developed a methodology and software suite to make use of the robust optimization in our commercial planning system while still using our in-house planning system to calculate final neutron dose distributions. Optimized multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf positions for segments designed in the commercial system using a 4 MV photon proxy beam are translated into static neutron ports that can be represented within our in-house treatment planning system. The true neutron dose distribution is calculated in the in-house system and then exported back through the MATLAB software into the commercial treatment planning system for evaluation. Results: The planning process produces optimized IMNRT plans that reduce dose to normal tissue structures as compared to 3D conformal plans using static MLC apertures. The process involves standard planning techniques using a commercially available treatment planning system, and is not significantly more complex than conventional IMRT planning. Using a photon proxy in a commercial optimization algorithm produces IMNRT plans that are more conformal than those previously designed at our center and take much less time to create. Conclusions: The planning process presented here allows for the optimization of IMNRT plans by a commercial treatment planning optimization algorithm, potentially allowing IMNRT to achieve similar conformality in treatment as photon IMRT. The only remaining requirements for the delivery of very highly modulated neutron treatments are incremental improvements upon already implemented hardware systems that should be readily achievable.

Snyder, Michael; Hammoud, Ahmad; Bossenberger, Todd; Spink, Robyn; Burmeister, Jay [Karmanos Cancer Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Parallel In Situ Indexing for Data-intensive Computing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As computing power increases exponentially, vast amount of data is created by many scientific re- search activities. However, the bandwidth for storing the data to disks and reading the data from disks has been improving at a much slower pace. These two trends produce an ever-widening data access gap. Our work brings together two distinct technologies to address this data access issue: indexing and in situ processing. From decades of database research literature, we know that indexing is an effective way to address the data access issue, particularly for accessing relatively small fraction of data records. As data sets increase in sizes, more and more analysts need to use selective data access, which makes indexing an even more important for improving data access. The challenge is that most implementations of in- dexing technology are embedded in large database management systems (DBMS), but most scientific datasets are not managed by any DBMS. In this work, we choose to include indexes with the scientific data instead of requiring the data to be loaded into a DBMS. We use compressed bitmap indexes from the FastBit software which are known to be highly effective for query-intensive workloads common to scientific data analysis. To use the indexes, we need to build them first. The index building procedure needs to access the whole data set and may also require a significant amount of compute time. In this work, we adapt the in situ processing technology to generate the indexes, thus removing the need of read- ing data from disks and to build indexes in parallel. The in situ data processing system used is ADIOS, a middleware for high-performance I/O. Our experimental results show that the indexes can improve the data access time up to 200 times depending on the fraction of data selected, and using in situ data processing system can effectively reduce the time needed to create the indexes, up to 10 times with our in situ technique when using identical parallel settings.

Kim, Jinoh; Abbasi, Hasan; Chacon, Luis; Docan, Ciprian; Klasky, Scott; Liu, Qing; Podhorszki, Norbert; Shoshani, Arie; Wu, Kesheng

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

164

Cyclone Center Using Crowdsourcing to Determine Tropical Cyclone Intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cyclone Center Using Crowdsourcing to Determine Tropical Cyclone Intensity Almost all tropical cyclones are not directly observed. Agency estimates of storm position and intensity are not homogeneous in time and space. Cyclone Center uses crowdsourcing to collect data that will lead to a consistent

Hennon, Christopher C.

165

Knowledge-Intensive Case-Based Reasoning and Intelligent Tutoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge-Intensive Case-Based Reasoning and Intelligent Tutoring Agnar Aamodt Department Norway agnar.aamodt@idi.ntnu.no Abstract. Knowledge-intensive CBR assumes that cases are enriched with general domain knowledge. In the system Creek, developed in our group, there is a strong coupling between

Aamodt, Agnar

166

Spectral Intensity Patterns and Vibrational Phase Space Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

91 Klamath Hall, Department of Chemistry, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-1253 ... In ref 7, we examined energy patterns of molecules with a 2:1 Fermi resonance between the local stretch and bend of a C?H group. ... The goal is to analyze relative intensities within polyads; the actual experimental intensity falls off sharply with polyad number. ...

Vivian Tyng; Michael E. Kellman

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

167

Optical absorption intensity of semiconductor single-wall carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical absorption intensity of semiconductor single-wall carbon nanotubes Y. Oyama1 , R. Saito1. The optical absorption intensity is inversely proportional to the diameter in the unit of per carbon atom of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) synthesized by alcohol CCVD (ACCVD) method and HiPco method [1

Maruyama, Shigeo

168

Response of GaAs to fast intense laser pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by recent experiments, we have performed simulations which show in detail how the electrons and ions in GaAs respond to fast intense laser pulses (with durations of order 100 fs and intensities of order 1-10 TW/cm(2)). The method of tight...

Graves, JS; Allen, Roland E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Automated Checkpointing for Enabling Intensive Applications on Energy Harvesting Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Checkpointing for Enabling Intensive Applications on Energy Harvesting Devices Azalia intensive computation on ultra-low power devices with discontinuous energy-harvesting supplies. We devise on a battery-less RF energy-harvester platform. Extensive experiments targeting applications in medical implant

170

The large-scale structure of software-intensive systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...necessary to explain the operation of a software-intensive system. If there is anything...software-intensive system that makes the operation of a Turing complete...all state-changing operations upon the system. 26 This is true of...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Memory Intensive Computing Shahar Kvatinsky, Avinoam Kolodny, and Uri C.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Memory Intensive Computing Shahar Kvatinsky, Avinoam Kolodny, and Uri C. Weiser Department, New York 14627, USA Abstract-- Over the past years, new memory technologies such as RRAM, STT present these emerging memory technologies as enablers to the era of memory- intensive computing, which

Friedman, Eby G.

172

EIA Energy Efficiency-Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities: 1992- 2003 Released Date: December 2004 Page Last Revised: August 2009 These tables provide estimates of commercial sector energy consumption and energy intensities for 1992, 1995, 1999 and 2003 based on the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). They also provide estimates of energy consumption and intensities adjusted for the effect of weather on heating, cooling, and ventilation energy use. Total Site Energy Consumption (U.S. and Census Region) Html Excel PDF bullet By Principal Building Activity (Table 1a) html Table 1a excel table 1a. pdf table 1a. Weather-Adjusted by Principal Building Activity (Table 1b) html table 1b excel table 1b pdf table 1b.

173

Monitoring BPMN-Processes with Rules in a Distributed Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

controlled. Besides distributed quality assurance processes and integrative information life cycle strategyMonitoring BPMN-Processes with Rules in a Distributed Environment Lothar Hotz1, Stephanie von of rules in a business process scenario. As business processes, we consider data-intensive applications

Hamburg,.Universität

174

Superlinear growth of Rayleigh scattering-induced intensity noise in single-mode fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rayleigh scattering generates intensity noise close to an optical carrier that propagates in a single-mode optical fiber. This noise degrades the performance of optoelectronic oscillators and RF-photonic links. When using a broad linewidth laser, we previously found that the intensity noise power scales linearly with optical power and fiber length, which is consistent with guided entropy mode Rayleigh scattering (GEMRS), a third order nonlinear scattering process, in the spontaneous limit. In this work, we show that this behavior changes significantly with the use of a narrow linewidth laser. Using a narrow linewidth laser, we measured the bandwidth of the intensity noise plateau to be 10 kHz. We found that the scattered noise power scales superlinearly with fiber length up to lengths of 10 km in the frequency range of 500 Hz to 10 kHz, while it scales linearly in the frequency range of 10 Hz to 100 Hz. These results suggest that the Rayleigh-scattering-induced intensity noise cannot be explained by third-ord...

Cahill, James P; Zhou, Weimin; Menyuk, Curtis R; Carter, Gary M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

10 Course/Analysis Initiation Process 11_0512 Page 1 of 6 10 Course/Analysis Initiation Process 11_0512 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Course/Analysis Initiation Process Document Number: ISDP- 010 Rev 11_0512 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Vickie Pleau Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: ISDP-002, Training Production Process Notify of Changes: ISD, ITT, MGT Referenced Document(s): ISDF-001 Technical Direction, ISDF-035 Analysis Feasibility Assessment, ISDP-010, Course Analysis Initiation Process, ISDP-015, WBT/ILT/Ex Design Process ISDP-010 Course/Analysis Initiation Process 11_0512 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change 10_0630 Initial Release 11_0512 Modified verbiage for clarification and updated referenced documents.

176

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Course Evaluation and Close-out Process 10_0630 Page 1 of 5 4 Course Evaluation and Close-out Process 10_0630 Page 1 of 5 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Course Evaluation and Close-out Process Document Number: ISDP-014 Rev. 10_0630 Document Owner: Vickie Pleau Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: ISDP-002, Training Production Process Notify of Changes: ISD, ITT, MGT Referenced Document(s): ISDF-011, ISD History File Acceptance, ISDF-012, ISD History File Checklist ISDP-014 Course Evaluation and Close-out Process 10_0630 Page 2 of 5 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change 10_0630 Initial Release ISDP-014 Course Evaluation and Close-out Process 10_0630 Page 3 of 5 I. Purpose To effectively plan and control the process for evaluating and finalizing EOTA ILT, EX and WBT training products, assuring

177

Thermal Processes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Some thermal processes use the energy in various resources, such as natural gas, coal, or biomass, to release hydrogen, which is part of their molecular structure. In other processes, heat, in...

178

Photolytic Processes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Photolytic processes use the energy in sunlight to separate water into hydrogen and oxygen. These processes are in the very early stages of research but offer long-term potential for sustainable...

179

Experiments with in-transit processing for data intensive grid workflows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient and robust data streaming and in-transit data manipulations are critical requirements of emerging scientific and engineering application workflows, which are based on seamless interactions and coupling between geographically distributed application ...

Virai Bhat; Manish Parashar; Scott Klasky

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Diagnosis of Upper-Level Processes Influencing an Unusually Intense Extratropical Cyclone over Southeast Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On 1 December 1987, an unusual midlatitude cyclone affected much of southeastern Australia. The storm was characterized by unforced rapid deepening to a near record low (locally) mean sea-level pressure, high winds, anomalously cold surface ...

Christopher S. Velden; Graham A. Mills

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Optimal Multi-scale Capacity Planning for Power-Intensive Continuous Processes under  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Praxair Inc., Danbury, CT Corresponding author. Email address: grossmann@cmu.edu 1 #12;1 Background 1

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

182

Optimal Multi-scale Capacity Planning for Power-Intensive Continuous Processes under  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Praxair, Inc., Danbury, CT Corresponding author. Email address: grossmann@cmu.edu 1

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

183

Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Portfolio of projects focused on investments in high-impact, crosscutting opportunities that provide significant energy savings and carbon reductions across a broad industrial base

184

ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass-Fired Boilers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Factsheet describing the project goal to reduce corrosion and improve the life span of boiler superheater tubes

185

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 WBT/ILT/EX Course Design Process 10_0630 Page 1 of 6 5 WBT/ILT/EX Course Design Process 10_0630 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: WBT/ILT/EX Course Design Process Document Number: ISDP-015 Rev. 10_0630 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: ISDP-002, Training Production Process Notify of Changes: ISD, ITT, MGT Referenced Document(s): ISDF-046 Training Design/Development Summary, ISDF-004 Design Document, ISDF-006A WBT Script Template, ISDF- 007 Lesson Plan Template, ISDF-012, ISD History File Checklist ISDP-015 WBT/ILT/EX Course Design Process 10_0630 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change 10_0630 Initial Release ISDP-015 WBT/ILT/EX Course Design Process 10_0630 Page 3 of 6

186

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 Exercise Development Process 11_0414 Page 1 of 8 7 Exercise Development Process 11_0414 Page 1 of 8 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Exercise Development Process Document Number: ISDP-017 Revision 11_0414 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: ISDP-002, Training Product Process Notify of Changes: ISD, ITT, MGT Referenced Document(s): ISDF-001 Technical Direction, ISDF-004 Design Document, ISDF-006 WBT Script Template, ISDF-007 Lesson Plan Template, ITTP-016 WBT Programming ISDP-017 Exercise Development Process 11_0414 Page 2 of 8 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change 10_0630 Initial Release 11_0223 Made changes to accurately reflect TPP. 11_0414 Added Derivative Classifier to step 12.0 ISDP-017 Exercise Development Process 11_0414 Page 3 of 8

187

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 Website Development-Maintenance Process 11_0419Page 1 of 6 5 Website Development-Maintenance Process 11_0419Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Website Development-Maintenance Process Document Number: ITTP-015 Rev. 11_0419 Document Owner: Benjamin Aragon Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: ITT Referenced Document(s): ITTF-016 Website Development/Maintenance Log, ISDP-002 Training Production Process ITTP-015 Website Development-Maintenance Process 11_0419Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 11_0419 Deleted decision point 2.1 and 2.2, incorporated Notifying Requester into step 2.0, modified verbiage for clarification. ITTP-015 Website Development-Maintenance Process 11_0419Page 3 of 6

188

Experimental measurements of multiphoton enhanced air breakdown by a subthreshold intensity excimer laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work presents density, spectroscopic temperature, and shockwave measurements of laser induced breakdown plasma in atmospheric air by subthreshold intensity (5.5x10{sup 9} W/cm{sup 2}) 193 nm laser radiation. Using molecular spectroscopy and two-wavelength interferometry, it is shown that substantial ionization (>10{sup 16} cm{sup -3}) occurs that is not predicted by collisional cascade (CC) breakdown theory. While the focused laser irradiance is three orders of magnitude below the theoretical collisional breakdown threshold, the substantial photon energy at 193 nm (6.42 eV/photon) compared with the ionization potential of air (15.6 eV) significantly increases the probability of multiphoton ionization effects. By spectroscopically monitoring the intensity of the N{sub 2}{sup +} first negative system (B {sup 2}SIGMA{sub u}{sup +}-X {sup 2}SIGMA{sub g}{sup +}) vibrational bandhead (v{sup '}=0,v{sup ''}=0) at low pressure (20 Torr) where multiphoton effects are dominant, it is shown that two photon excitation, resonant enhanced multiphoton ionization is the primary mechanism for quantized ionization of N{sub 2} to the N{sub 2}{sup +}(B {sup 2}SIGMA{sub u}{sup +}) state. This multiphoton effect then serves to amplify the collisional breakdown process at higher pressures by electron seeding, thereby reducing the threshold intensity from that required via CC processes for breakdown and producing high density laser formed plasmas.

Way, Jesse; Hummelt, Jason; Scharer, John [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Solvent Viscosity and Interrelated Effects on Electrochemiluminescence Intensity of Tris(2,2‘-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solvent Viscosity and Interrelated Effects on Electrochemiluminescence Intensity of Tris(2,2‘-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II)† ... 1 The mechanism accepted in the literature1b is the following: Clearly several processes occur in the mechanism, and each is dependent upon solvent properties to a certain degree. ... Solvent viscosity maps the macroscopic transition between the liquid and solid states and affects each component process of ECL. ...

Amy M. Scott; Radha Pyati

2001-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

190

Resource intensities of the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents resource intensities, including direct and embodied energy consumption, land and water use, associated with the processes comprising the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle. These processes include uranium extraction, conversion, enrichment, fuel fabrication and depleted uranium de-conversion. To the extent feasible, these impacts are calculated based on data reported by operating facilities, with preference given to more recent data based on current technologies and regulations. All impacts are normalized per GWh of electricity produced. Uranium extraction is seen to be the most resource intensive front end process. Combined, the energy consumed by all front end processes is equal to less than 1% of the electricity produced by the uranium in a nuclear reactor. Land transformation and water withdrawals are calculated at 8.07 m{sup 2} /GWh(e) and 1.37x10{sup 5} l/GWh(e), respectively. Both are dominated by the requirements of uranium extraction, which accounts for over 70% of land use and nearly 90% of water use.

Schneider, E.; Phathanapirom, U. [The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin TX 78712 (United States); Eggert, R.; Collins, J. [Colorado School of Mines, 1500 Illinois St., Golden CO 80401 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

ARM - Field Campaign - Water Cycle Pilot Study Intensive Observations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsWater Cycle Pilot Study Intensive Observations govCampaignsWater Cycle Pilot Study Intensive Observations Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Water Cycle Pilot Study Intensive Observations 2002.04.01 - 2002.06.30 Lead Scientist : Marvin Wesely For data sets, see below. Description The U.S. DOE Water Cycle Pilot Study (WCPS) is a 3-year feasibility investigation focused on accurately evaluating the water cycle components and using stable isotopes as an effective tool in doing so. The study area is primarily the Whitewater subbasin in the Walnut River Watershed in southeastern Kansas. Two intensive observations periods are planned, this first one in April to June 2002 and a second currently scheduled for December 2002 to February 2003. Observations will be made of precipitation

192

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Intensity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier Experiments at the Intensity Frontier ArgoNeuT MINERvA MiniBooNE MINOS NOvA LBNE Cosmic Frontier Proposed Projects and Experiments ArgoNeuT ArgoNeut detector at Proton Assembly Building Intensity Frontier ArgoNeuT The Argon Neutrino Teststand or ArgoNeuT detector, nicknamed for Jason and the Argonauts of Greek mythology, is a liquid argon neutrino detector at Fermilab. Argon is a noble, non-toxic element that in its gaseous form constitutes about 1 percent of air. It exists as a colorless liquid only in the narrow temperature range of minus 186 to minus 189 degrees Celsius. Neutrinos passing through a large volume of argon can interact with an argon atom, producing secondary particles such as muons and protons, which then ionize other argon atoms. An electric field within the detector causes

193

Estimating material and energy intensities of urban areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this thesis is to develop methods to estimate, analyze and visualize the resource intensity of urban areas. Understanding the resource consumption of the built environment is particularly relevant in cities ...

Quinn, David James, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Magnesium-Intensive Front End Sub-Structure Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project ID "LM077" USAMP AMP800 1 2013 DOE Merit Review Presentation Alan A. Luo General Motors Global Research and Development May 16, 2013 Magnesium-Intensive Front End...

195

China energy issues : energy intensity, coal liquefaction, and carbon pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In my dissertation I explore three independent, but related, topics on China's energy issues. First, I examine the drivers for provincial energy-intensity trends in China, and finds that technology innovation is the key ...

Wu, Ning, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Intense Currents in the Deep Northeast Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of deep currents in the northeast Pacific Ocean are reported that indicate that although the eddy kinetic energy level is, as expected, generally low, the deep northeast Pacific is subject to occasional intensely energetic events. ...

Howard J. Freeland

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Energy intensity in China's iron and steel sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, I examine the spatial and economic factors that influence energy intensity in China's iron and steel sector, namely industrial value added, renovation investment, coke consumption, and local coke supply. ...

Xu, Jingsi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Capacity planning and admission control policies for intensive care units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poor management of the patient flow in intensive care units (ICUs) causes service rejections and presents significant challenges from the standpoint of capacity planning and management in ICUs. This thesis reports on the ...

Chaiwanon, Wongsakorn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Segmentation and recovery of SHGCs from a real intensity image  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We address the problem of scene segmentation and shape recovery from a single real intensity image. Solving this problem is central to obtaining 3-D scene descriptions in realistic applications where perfect data...

Mourad Zerroug; Ramakant Nevatia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Probabilistic PGA and Arias Intensity maps of Kyrgyzstan (Central Asia)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New probabilistic seismic hazard and Arias Intensity maps have beendeveloped for the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic and bordering regions.Data were mainly taken from the seismic catalogue of Kyrgyzstan and p...

K. Abdrakhmatov; H.-B. Havenith; D. Delvaux; D. Jongmans…

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Intensity targets: implications for the economic uncertainties of emissions trading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intensity targets that adjust to economic growth are discussed as one option to control greenhouse gas emissions without strongly affecting economic growth and with less uncertain economic cost than absolute t...

Sonja Peterson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

High energy density physics generated by intense heavy ion beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intense ion beams from accelerators are now available to generate high energy density matter and to study astrophysical phenomena in the laboratory under controlled and reproducible conditions. A detailed unde...

D. H. H. Hoffmann; V. E. Fortov; M. Kuster; V. Mintsev…

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 Functional/Job/Task Analysis Process 11_0718 Page 1 of 8 5 Functional/Job/Task Analysis Process 11_0718 Page 1 of 8 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Functional/Job/Task Analysis Process Document Number: ISDP-005 Rev 11_0718 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: PM2 Referenced Document(s): ISDF-XXX Vision User Guide (currently being developed ) ISDP-005 Functional/Job/Task Analysis Process 11_0718 Page 2 of 8 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change 08_0410 Initial Release 10_0630 Process modified to match steps within the TPP 11_0718 Minor editorial changes; changed step 8.0 from Task-to-Training Matrix to "Analysis"-to-Training Matrix.

204

Transverse spreading of electrons in high-intensity laser fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that for collisions of electrons with a high-intensity laser, discrete photon emissions introduce a transverse beam spread which is distinct from that due to classical (or beam shape) effects. Via numerical simulations, we show that this quantum induced transverse momentum gain of the electron is manifest in collisions with a realistic laser pulse of intensity within reach of current technology, and we propose it as a measurable signature of strong-field quantum electrodynamics.

D. G. Green; C. N. Harvey

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

205

Low-intensity beam diagnostics with particle detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The measure of low intensity beams at low-medium energy is one of the major challenge in beam diagnostics. This subject is of great interest for the design of accelerator-based medical and radioactive beam facilities. In this paper we discuss new developments in image-based devices to measure low-intensity beams. All the investigated devices must guarantee measurement of the total beam current and its transverse distribution. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Rovelli, A.; Ciavola, G.; Cuttone, G.; Finocchiaro, P.; Raia, G. [INFN-LNS, Via S. Sofia 44/A Catania, 95125 (Italy); De Martinis, C.; Giove, D. [INFN-LASA, Via F.lli Cervi 201 Segrate (Midway Islands), 20090 (Italy)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

MATERIAL STUDIES FOR PULSED HIGH-INTENSITY PROTON BEAM TARGETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLAN MATERIAL STUDIES FOR PULSED HIGH-INTENSITY PROTON BEAM TARGETS Nicholas Simos, Harold Kirk and removal from the target system ·Target thermo-mechanical response from energetic, high intensity protons are: ·Inconel-718 ·Aluminum-3000 ·Havar ·Ti-6Al-6V ·Graphite (ATJ) ·Carbon-Carbon ·SuperInvar #12

McDonald, Kirk

207

Vacuum self-focussing of very intense laser beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that long-range photon-photon attraction induced by the dipole interaction of two electron-positron loops can lead to "vacuum self-focussing" of very intense laser beams. The focussing angle theta(F) is found to increase with the beam intensity I as theta(F) I^(4/3); for the laser beams available at present or in the near future, theta(F) 10^(-10)--10^(-7).

Dmitri Kharzeev; Kirill Tuchin

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

208

Proposal Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Dark Fiber Testbed Performance (perfSONAR) Software & Tools Development Partnerships...

209

EIA - AEO2010 - Energy intensity trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

intensity trends in AEO2010 intensity trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Figure 17. Trends in U.S. oil prices, energy consumption, and economic output, 1950-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Energy intensity trends in AEO2010 Energy intensity—energy consumption per dollar of real GDP—indicates how much energy a country uses to produce its goods and services. From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, U.S. total primary energy consumption and real GDP increased at nearly the same annual rate (Figure 17). During that period, real oil prices remained virtually flat. In contrast, from the mid-1970s to 2008, the relationship between energy consumption and real GDP growth changed, with primary energy consumption growing at less than one-third the previous average rate and real GDP growth continuing to grow at its historical rate. The decoupling of real GDP growth from energy consumption growth led to a decline in energy intensity that averaged 2.8 percent per year from 1973 to 2008. In the AEO2010 Reference case, energy intensity continues to decline, at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2008 to 2035.

210

Process and Energy Optimization Revitalizes Energy Management at Eastman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2005, the Eastman-Texas Operations Energy Management Team (EMT), in response to rapidly increasing energy prices, initiated a new energy optimization program to optimize the site’s energy intensity. This new program utilized a process and energy...

Greenwaldt, W. C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Simulation of Self-Organized States in Combustion Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently, the problem of self-organization in non-equilibrium systems has intensively been discussed [l, 2, 3]. The major role in the process of successive generation and formation of more complicated temporal...

L. U. Artyukh; P. G. Itskova…

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES Hydrol. Process. (2011)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES Hydrol. Process. (2011) Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI: 10.1002/hyp.8056 Hydrological principles for sustainable management of forest of the cleanest and most plentiful freshwater supplies, sustaining many downstream communities. Given the ongoing

213

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 ILT Course Implementation 11_0512 Page 1 of 8 2 ILT Course Implementation 11_0512 Page 1 of 8 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: ILT Course Implementation Document Number: ISDP-012 Rev. 11_0512 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: ISDP-002, Training Production Process Notify of Changes: ISD, ITT, MGT Referenced Document(s): ISDF-007 Lesson Plan Template, ISDF-014 Course Announcement, ISDF-010, After Action Report, ISDF-008 ILT Student Feedback Survey, ISDF-009, Design/Development Review Checklist, ITTF-014 Publication Review and Approval, ISDF-048, After Action Report Calculation Template, ISDP-011, Exercise Course Implementation Process, ITTP-015 Website Development/Maintenance Process, ISDF-015, ILT/EX Course Support Checklist

214

Macdonald processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macdonald processes are probability measures on sequences of partitions defined in terms of nonnegative specializations of the Macdonald symmetric functions and two Macdonald parameters q,t ? [0,1). We prove several results ...

Borodin, Alexei

215

Ionic Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Processes based on the properties of ions, encountered in brackish and seawater, are described and discussed in this chapter. Whereas in distillation the amount and kind of salts contained in the raw feed wate...

Anthony A. Delyannis; Eurydike A. Delyannis

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Dynamical Schwinger effect and high-intensity lasers. Realising nonperturbative QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the possibility of experimental verification of vacuum e^+e^- pair creation at the focus of two counter-propagating optical laser beams with intensities 10^{20}-10^{22} W/cm^2, achievable with present-day petawatt lasers, and approaching the Schwinger limit: 10^{29} W/cm^2 to be reached at ELI. Our approach is based on the collisionless kinetic equation for the evolution of the e^+ and e^- distribution functions governed by a non-Markovian source term for pair production. As possible experimental signals of vacuum pair production we consider e^+e^- annihilation into gamma-pairs and the refraction of a high-frequency probe laser beam by the produced e^+e^- plasma. We discuss the dependence of the dynamical pair production process on laser wavelength, with special emphasis on applications in the X-ray domain (X-FEL), as well as the prospects for \\mu^+\\mu^- and \\pi^+\\pi^- pair creation at high-intensity lasers. We investigate perspectives for using high-intensity lasers as ``boosters'' of ion beams in the few-GeV per nucleon range, which is relevant, e.g., to the exploration of the QCD phase transition in laboratory experiments.

D. B. Blaschke; A. V. Prozorkevich; G. Roepke; C. D. Roberts; S. M. Schmidt; D. S. Shkirmanov; S. A. Smolyansky

2008-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

217

Modeling the time and energy behavior of the GCR intensity in the periods of low activity around the last three solar minima  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the simple model for the description of the GCR modulation in the heliosphere and the sets of parameters discussed in the accompanying paper we model some features of the time and energy behavior of the GCR intensity near the Earth observed during periods of low solar activity around three last solar minima. In order to understand the mechanisms underlying these features in the GCR behavior, we use the suggested earlier decomposition of the calculated intensity into the partial intensities corresponding to the main processes (diffusion, adiabatic losses, convection and drifts).

Krainev, M B; Kalinin, M S; Svirzhevskaya, A K; Svirzhevsky, N S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Overview > Tables Overview > Tables 1992 Energy End-Use Intensities Tables Energy Consumption by End Use, 1992 Figure on Energy Consumption By End Use, 1992 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A through F of the 1992 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. divider line To View and/or Print Reports (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) - Download Adobe Acrobat Reader If you experience any difficulties, visit our Technical Frequently Asked Questions. divider line Tables - (file size 31,655 bytes), pages 6. - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader Consumption of All Major Fuels by End Uses, 1992 Energy End-Use Intensities for All Major Fuels, 1992 Consumption of Electricity by End Uses, 1992 Energy End-Use Intensities for Electricity, 1992

219

Inertial Fusion Driven by Intense Heavy-Ion Beams  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

INERTIAL FUSION DRIVEN BY INTENSE HEAVY-ION BEAMS INERTIAL FUSION DRIVEN BY INTENSE HEAVY-ION BEAMS * W. M. Sharp # , A. Friedman, D. P. Grote, J. J. Barnard, R. H. Cohen, M. A. Dorf, S. M. Lund, L. J. Perkins, M. R. Terry, LLNL, Livermore, CA, USA B. G. Logan, F. M. Bieniosek, A. Faltens, E. Henestroza, J.-Y. Jung, J. W. Kwan, E. P. Lee, S. M. Lidia, P. A. Ni, L. L. Reginato, P. K. Roy, P. A. Seidl, J. H. Takakuwa, J.-L. Vay, W. L. Waldron, LBNL, Berkeley, CA, USA R. C. Davidson, E. P. Gilson, I. D. Kaganovich, H. Qin, E. Startsev, PPPL, Princeton, NJ, USA I. Haber, R. A. Kishek, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA A. E. Koniges, NERSC, Berkeley, CA, USA Abstract Intense heavy-ion beams have long been considered a promising driver option for inertial-fusion energy production. This paper briefly compares inertial

220

B. Appendix: Scaling of Cost with Energy and Intensity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B. Appendix: Scaling of Cost with Energy and Intensity B. Appendix: Scaling of Cost with Energy and Intensity With the two ongoing studies, one for the physics program, [1] and one for the accelerator and facilities [2] on the "Neutrino Factory Based on a Muon Storage Ring", a number of interesting suggestions and ideas came up. Almost immediately the question of scaling cost with the storage ring energy and with intensity came up. Nevertheless, it was impossible to explore all those questions in great detail, either in the report or in the preliminary cost estimate that is presented in Appendix A. During the study it became more and more clear, that one of the unique features of a neutrino source, namely the possibility to balance the cost of the accelerator with the cost of the detector, would urge the accelerator people to find an answer to this

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Intense Muon Beams for Experiments at Project X  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A coherent approach for providing muon beams to several experiments for the intensity-frontier program at Project X is described. Concepts developed for the front end of a muon collider/neutrino factory facility, such as phase rotation and ionization cooling, are applied, but with significant differences. High-intensity experiments typically require high-duty-factor beams pulsed at a time interval commensurate with the muon lifetime. It is challenging to provide large RF voltages at high duty factor, especially in the presence of intense radiation and strong magnetic fields, which may preclude the use of superconducting RF cavities. As an alternative, cavities made of materials such as ultra-pure Al and Be, which become very good –but not super– conductors at cryogenic temperatures, can be used.

C.M. Ankenbrandt, R.P. Johnson, C. Y. Yoshikawa, V.S. Kashikhin, D.V. Neuffer, J. Miller, R.A. Rimmer

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Selection of minimum earthquake intensity in calculating pipe failure probabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a piping reliability analysis, it is sometimes necessary to specify a minimum ground motion intensity, usually the peak acceleration, below which the ground motions are not considered as earthquakes and, hence, are neglected. The calculated probability of failure of a piping system is dependent on this selected minimum earthquake intensity chosen for the analysis. A study was conducted to determine the effects of the minimum earthquake intensity on the probability of pipe failure. The results indicated that the probability of failure of the piping system is not very sensitive to the variations of the selected minimum peak ground acceleration. However, it does have significant effects on various scenarios that make up the system failure.

Lo, T.Y.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Spatial Intensity Profiles of Galactic Cosmic Rays in the Heliosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the spatial intensity profiles of galactic cosmic ray protons (H) and {alpha}-particles (He) during the solar minimum periods of 1987 (the so-called negative drift state) and 1977/1997 (both positive drift states) of the heliosphere. These intensities were measured with the Pioneer, Voyager and IMP spacecraft. The 1997 intensities were so low that one cannot readily explain them, even with the acceleration at the solar wind termination shock (SWTS) and modulation in the heliosheath included. Our heliospheric model is azimuthally symmetric with a spherical shock and heliopause, however, and we infer from its results that more realistic geometries may produce modulation effects that will explain the observations better.

Moraal, H. [School of Physics, Northwest University, Potchefstroom 2520 (South Africa); Caballero-Lopez, R.A.; McDonald, F.B. [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20740 (United States)

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings 1989 -- Executive  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Energy End-Use Intensities > Executive Summary 9 Energy End-Use Intensities > Executive Summary Executive Summary Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A through F of the 1989 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. divider line The demand for energy in U.S. stores, offices, schools, hospitals, and other commercial buildings has been increasing. This report examines energy intensities in commercial buildings for nine end uses: space heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, water heating, cooking, refrigeration, office equipment, and "other." The objective of this analysis was to increase understanding of how energy is used in commercial buildings and to identify targets for greater energy efficiency which could moderate future growth in demand.

225

ARM - Field Campaign - Shortwave Radiation and Aerosol Intensive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsShortwave Radiation and Aerosol Intensive Observation govCampaignsShortwave Radiation and Aerosol Intensive Observation Periods Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Shortwave Radiation and Aerosol Intensive Observation Periods 1998.08.03 - 1998.08.28 Lead Scientist : Warren Wiscombe For data sets, see below. Summary Wednesday, August 5, 1998: IOP Opening Activities: The IOP updates for the Shortwave/Aerosol/BDRF will be composed from notes taken during briefing sessions lead by Don Cahoon and company each night at the Marland Mansion in Ponca City. IOP Status as of 8/4/98 Weather forecasts indicate that cloudy conditions will prevail for the next few days. The Helicopter is on standby for clear sky conditions. Model output indicates clear sky's may move in later this week.

226

Calculations of population transfer during intense laser pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experiments by several groups have examined the question of population transfer to resonantly excited states during intense short laser pulses, in particular the amount of population that remains ``trapped`` in excited states at the end of a laser pulse. In this chapter we present calculations of population transfer and resonant ionization in xenon at both 660 and 620 nm. At the longer wavelength, the seven photon channel closes at 2.5{times}10{sup 13} W/cm{sup 2}. Pulses with peak intensities higher than this result in ``Rydberg trapping``, the resonant transfer of population to a broad range of high-lying states. The amount of population transferred depends on both the peak intensity and pulse duration. At 620 mm there are numerous possible six photon resonances to states with p or f angular momentum. We have done a large number of calculations for 40 fs pulses at different peak intensities and have examined the population transferred to these low-lying resonant states as a function of the peak laser intensity. We do not have room to comment upon the resonantly enhanced ionized electron energy spectra that we also determine in the same calculations. Our calculations involve the direct numerical integration of the time-dependent Schroedinger equation for an atom interacting with a strong laser field. The time-dependent wave function of a given valence electron is calculated on a spatial grid using a one-electron pseudo potential. This single active electron approximation (SAE) has been shown to be a good approximation for the rare gases at the intensities and wavelengths that we will consider. The SAE potential we use has an explicit angular momentum dependence which allows us to reproduce all of the excited state energies for xenon quite well.

Schafer, K.J.; Kulander, K.C.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Stress intensity factors for small fatigue cracks in tubular joints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some simple fracture mechanics models are presented for estimating stress intensity factors for small surface fatigue cracks in welded tubular joints. Model predictions are compared with large-scale experimental results for the cases of in-plane and out-of-plane bending in multi-brace tubular nodes. It is demonstrated that reasonably accurate predictions of the stress intensity factor are possible using a modified flat plate solution if the effects of weld geometry, load shedding and crack shape are adequately accounted for.

Monahan, C.C. [Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. Johns, Newfoundland (Canada). Centre for Cold Ocean Resources Engineering; Dover, W.D. [University College, London (United Kingdom)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

228

High intensity proton operation at the Brookhaven AGS accelerator complex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the completion of the AGS rf upgrade, and the implementation of a transition {open_quotes}jump{close_quotes}, all of accelerator systems were in place in 1994 to allow acceleration of the proton intensity available from the AGS Booster injector to AGS extraction energy and delivery to the high energy users. Beam commissioning results with these new systems are presented. Progress in identifying and overcoming other obstacles to higher intensity are given. These include a careful exploration of the stopband strengths present on the AGS injection magnetic porch, and implementation of the AGS single bunch transverse dampers throughout the acceleration cycle.

Ahrens, L.A.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Bleser, E.; Brennan, J.M.; Gardner, C.; Glenn, J.W.; Onillon, E.; Reece, R.K.; Roser, T.; Soukas, A. [and others

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Evaluation of expanded uncertainties in luminous intensity and illuminance calibrations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detector-based calibrating methods and expressions for calculation of photometric uncertainties related to uncertainties in the calibrations of luminous intensity of a light source, illuminance responsivity of a photometer head, and calibration factors of an illuminance meter are discussed. These methods permit luminous intensity calibrations of incandescent light sources, luminous responsivity calibrations of photometer heads, and calibration factors of illuminance meters to be carried out with relative expanded uncertainties (with a level of confidence of 95.45%) of 0.4%, 0.4%, and 0.6%, respectively.

Sametoglu, Ferhat

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Data-intensive computing laying foundation for biological breakthroughs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Finding a different way is the goal of the Data-Intensive Computing for Complex Biological Systems (Biopilot) project—a joint research effort between the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research. The two national laboratories, both of whom are world leaders in computing and computational sciences, are teaming to support areas of biological research in urgent need of data-intensive computing capabilities.

Hachigian, David J.

2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

231

Use of computers in hospitals: An analysis of intensive and nonintensive users  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differences between “Intensive” and non-intensive users of computers among hospitals are analyzed using step wise discriminant analysis. Hospitals are classified into “Intensive” and “Nonintensive” users of co...

Satya N. Prattipati

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Frontal brain electrical activity (EEG) distinguishes valence and intensity of musical emotions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frontal brain electrical activity (EEG) distinguishes valence and intensity of musical emotions (i.e., positive vs. negative) and intensity (i.e., intense vs. calm) in a group of under- graduates

Trainor, Laurel J.

233

Light Intensity-Dependent Modulation of Chlorophyll b Biosynthesis and Photosynthesis by Overexpression of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

limiting and saturating light intensities. Although the quantum yield of carbon dioxide fixation remained carbon dioxide assimilation, starch content, and dry matter accumulation. Light intensity is a majorLight Intensity-Dependent Modulation of Chlorophyll b Biosynthesis and Photosynthesis

Govindjee

234

Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projections of energy and intensity for the 12 th FYP werelevel projections of energy and intensity for the 12 th FYPth APPENDIX Table A-2 Energy Intensity Target Allocation

Ohshita, Stephanie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Energy use and energy intensity of the U.S. chemical industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23 5.3 Energy Use and Energy Intensity of Chlorine44314 Energy Use and Energy Intensity of the U.S. ChemicalEnergy Use and Energy Intensity of the U.S. Chemical

Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian; Einstein, Dan; Martin, Nathan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and theGJ/t crude steel Primary Energy Intensity* kgce/t GJ/t crudeChina U.S. Final Energy Intensity No. 5b Scenarios Country

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Macdonald processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macdonald processes are probability measures on sequences of partitions defined in terms of nonnegative specializations of the Macdonald symmetric functions and two Macdonald parameters q,t in [0,1). We prove several results about these processes, which include the following. (1) We explicitly evaluate expectations of a rich family of observables for these processes. (2) In the case t=0, we find a Fredholm determinant formula for a q-Laplace transform of the distribution of the last part of the Macdonald-random partition. (3) We introduce Markov dynamics that preserve the class of Macdonald processes and lead to new "integrable" 2d and 1d interacting particle systems. (4) In a large time limit transition, and as q goes to 1, the particles of these systems crystallize on a lattice, and fluctuations around the lattice converge to O'Connell's Whittaker process that describe semi-discrete Brownian directed polymers. (5) This yields a Fredholm determinant for the Laplace transform of the polymer partition function, and taking its asymptotics we prove KPZ universality for the polymer (free energy fluctuation exponent 1/3 and Tracy-Widom GUE limit law). (6) Under intermediate disorder scaling, we recover the Laplace transform of the solution of the KPZ equation with narrow wedge initial data. (7) We provide contour integral formulas for a wide array of polymer moments. (8) This results in a new ansatz for solving quantum many body systems such as the delta Bose gas.

Alexei Borodin; Ivan Corwin

2013-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

238

Deposition Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pulsed Plasma Processing Pulsed Plasma Processing NEW: Downloadable: Invited Talk "Pulsed Metal Plasmas," presented at the 2006 AVS Meeting, San Francisco, California, November 15, 2006. (PDF, file size 8 MB). Plasma Sources for Window Coatings Deposition processes for low-emittance and solar control coatings can be improved through the use of advanced plasma technology developed at LBNL. A new type of constricted glow-discharge plasma source was selected for the 1997 R&D 100 Award. Invented by LBNL researchers Andre Anders, Mike Rubin, and Mike Dickinson, the source was designed to be compatible with industrial vacuum deposition equipment and practice. Construction is simple, rugged and inexpensive. It can operate indefinitely over a wide range of chamber pressure without any consumable parts such as filaments or grids. Several different gases including Argon, Oxygen and Nitrogen have been tested successfully.

239

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 WBT Course Implementation 11_0512 Page 1 of 7 3 WBT Course Implementation 11_0512 Page 1 of 7 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: WBT Course Implementation Document Number: ISDP-013 Rev. 11_0512 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Vickie Pleau Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: ISDP-002, Training Product Process Notify of Changes: ISD, ITT, MGT Referenced Document(s): ISDF-014, Course Announcement Template, ITTF-014, Publication Review and Approval, ISDF-010 After Action Report, ISDF-042 Validation & Acceptance, ISDF-048, After Action Report Calculation Template, ITTP-015, Website Development Maintenance ISDP-013 WBT Course Implementation 11_0512 Page 2 of 7 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change 10_0630 Initial Release 11_0405 Added ISDF-048, After Action Report Calculation Template to process.

240

Process Heating Assessment and Survey Tool  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Process Heating Assessment and Survey Tool (PHAST) introduces methods to improve thermal efficiency of heating equipment. This tool helps industrial users survey process heating equipment that consumes fuel, steam, or electricity, and identifies the most energy-intensive equipment. The tool can be used to perform a heat balance that identifies major areas of energy use under various operating conditions and test "what-if" scenarios for various options to reduce energy use.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensityof Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China andof Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

2014-05-05 Issuance: Test Procedures for High-Intensity Discharge...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Test Procedures for High-Intensity Discharge Lamps; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-05-05 Issuance: Test Procedures for High-Intensity Discharge Lamps; Supplemental...

243

E-Print Network 3.0 - airglow intensities measured Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

where the airglow intensity is relatively low. Mendillo et al. (1997) reported a bubble structure... . The bubble structures (tree-like depletions of airglow intensity)...

244

Relationship between heat transfer intensity and absolute vorticity flux intensity in flat tube bank fin channels with Vortex Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The heat transfer enhancement can be achieved through the secondary flow. It is found that absolute vorticity flux along the main flow can describe the secondary flow intensity and correspond to the heat transfer enhancement averaged in span wise direction. Investigations to verify this phenomenon are reported. The results show that there has a similar distribution for absolute vorticity flux in the main flow direction compared with that for span averaged Nusselt number. The conformance of Nusselt number and absolute vorticity flux shows that absolute vorticity flux can reflect the intensity of heat transfer produced by the secondary flow.

Ke-Wei Song; Liang-Bi Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Optimization of Power-Intensive Energy Systems with Carbon Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimization of Power-Intensive Energy Systems with Carbon Capture ... Three concepts for capturing CO2 from natural gas-fired combined gas/steam turbine power plants are evaluated and compared in this paper: (A) sepn. of CO2 from exhaust gas coming from a std. ...

Xuesong Zheng; Jin-Kuk Kim

2011-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

246

Electron-ion collisions in intensely illuminated plasmas G. Shvetsa)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron-ion collisions in intensely illuminated plasmas G. Shvetsa) and N. J. Fisch Princeton, the collisions of electrons with ions can be made more frequent or less frequent, depending on the polarization to the size of the electron oscillation in the hf field. The stimulated bremsstrahlung emission is calculated

247

China targets 20% reduction in energy intensity by 2010  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Though China has made great achievement in energy conservation in the last two decades, its energy consumption is increasing rapidly. In March 2006, China's government set a target for reducing its energy intensity by 20% by 2010 compared to the 2005 value. In this paper, we analyse China's current energy efficiency situations, and put forward some policy implications on energy saving.

Hua Liao; Ying Fan; Yi-Ming Wei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Continuous Snow Depth, Intensive Site 1, Barrow, Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continuous Snow depth data are being collected at several points within four intensive study areas in Barrow, Alaska. These data are being collected to better understand the energy dynamics above the active layer and permafrost. They complement in-situ snow and soil measurements at this location. The data could also be used as supporting measurements for other research and modeling activities.

Cable, William; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Hinzman, Larry; Busey, Bob

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

249

Gamma Ray Bursts Sudden, intense flashes of gamma rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma Ray Bursts #12;The Case Sudden, intense flashes of gamma rays come from nowhere and disappear with out a trace. Incredibly powerful: A single gamma ray burst is hundreds of times brighter a supernova #12;Who Vela (1960's) Looking for arms testing, found gamma ray bursts Compton Gamma Ray Observatory

Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

250

Research Strategies for Increasing Productivity of Intensively Managed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fiber production from a smaller land base and provides market incentives to keep these lands under, plantation forestry, intensive silviculture, biomass T raditional and emerging markets for wood products and bioenergy are likely to increase pressure on forests and create incentives for enhancing their pro

251

PNNLs Data Intensive Computing research battles Homeland Security threats  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys (PNNL's) approach to data intensive computing (DIC) is focused on three key research areas: hybrid hardware architecture, software architectures, and analytic algorithms. Advancements in these areas will help to address, and solve, DIC issues associated with capturing, managing, analyzing and understanding, in near real time, data at volumes and rates that push the frontiers of current technologies.

David Thurman; Joe Kielman; Katherine Wolf; David Atkinson

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

252

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, Donald J. (Los Alamos, NM); Schamaun, Roger G. (Los Alamos, NM); Clark, Donald C. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, R. Christopher (Los Alamos, NM); Frank, Joseph A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

ICGrid: Enabling Intensive Care Medical Research on the EGEE Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, by utilizing the EGEE infrastructure. ICGrid is based on a hybrid architecture that combines i) a heterogeneous and data. In recent years, Grids have emerged as wide-scale distributed infrastructures that supportICGrid: Enabling Intensive Care Medical Research on the EGEE Grid Harald Gjermundrød a , Marios D

Pallis, George

254

Global warming and hurricane intensity and frequency: The debate continues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global warming and hurricane intensity and frequency: The debate continues Megan Mc of these changes. Some scientists believe that global warming and increased sea surface temperatures are to blame, global warming and increased sea surface temperatures do appear to have influenced hurricane frequency

Kareem, Ahsan

255

PNNL pushing scientific discovery through data intensive computing breakthroughs  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys approach to data intensive computing (DIC) is focused on three key research areas: hybrid hardware architectures, software architectures, and analytic algorithms. Advancements in these areas will help to address, and solve, DIC issues associated with capturing, managing, analyzing and understanding, in near real time, data at volumes and rates that push the frontiers of current technologies.

Deborah Gracio; David Koppenaal; Ruby Leung

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

Optimized Pre-Copy Live Migration for Memory Intensive Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimized Pre-Copy Live Migration for Memory Intensive Applications Khaled Z. Ibrahim, Steven Hofmeyr, Costin Iancu, Eric Roman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Email: {kzibrahim, shofmeyr and fault tolerance. KVM and Xen use iterative pre-copy approaches which work well in practice

257

PNNLs Data Intensive Computing research battles Homeland Security threats  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys (PNNL's) approach to data intensive computing (DIC) is focused on three key research areas: hybrid hardware architecture, software architectures, and analytic algorithms. Advancements in these areas will help to address, and solve, DIC issues associated with capturing, managing, analyzing and understanding, in near real time, data at volumes and rates that push the frontiers of current technologies.

David Thurman; Joe Kielman; Katherine Wolf; David Atkinson

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Solar panels are cost intensive, have limitations with respect to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advantage of being able to convert sunlight into clean energy. After the glass is coated, we install clean electricity. Advantages · Building-integratable. · Contributes to EU targets towards energySolar panels are cost intensive, have limitations with respect to where they can be integrated

Langendoen, Koen

259

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, D.J.; Schamaun, R.G.; Clark, D.C.; Potter, R.C.; Frank, J.A.

1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

260

Temperatures Indicated by Intensity Distributions in Band Spectra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is generally supposed that the intensity of any particular line in a band spectrum may be calculated from the Maxwell-Boltzmann law, assuming the gas to be in temperature equilibrium. From the results of this experimental work, it appears that under some conditions of excitation other factors than the temperature of the gas govern the intensity distribution. Measurements on the negative bands of N2+ excited in low voltage arcs in the pure gas show that at 1100°K and 2800°K the distribution of intensities among the rotational lines is exactly the same, whilst the admixture of helium with nitrogen alters the distribution completely and gives a much lower indicated temperature. Similar results are found with the first negative bands of CO+. The differences are accounted for by the conversion of translational energy of the electrons into rotational energy of the molecules when the bands are excited by electron impacts in the pure gas. When the bands are excited by impacts of the second kind in gas mixtures, no change in rotational energy occurs and thus the indicated temperature is much lower. The distribution of intensity among the vibrational states of the molecules has been examined for the complete system of negative bands of N2+. While almost all of the energy is concentrated in the low vibration states when the bands are excited by electron impacts, the energy is spread out towards the higher vibration states when the excitation is by collisions of the second kind with metastable helium atoms.

O. S. Duffendack; R. W. Revans; A. S. Roy

1934-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Title of Document: LONGITUDINAL CONTROL OF INTENSE CHARGED PARTICLE BEAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Title of Document: LONGITUDINAL CONTROL OF INTENSE CHARGED PARTICLE BEAMS Brian Louis, accelerator facilities are demanding beams with higher quality. Applications such as Free Electron Lasers energy spread throughout the accelerator. Fluctuations in beam energy or density at the low-energy side

Anlage, Steven

262

Some Intensive and Extensive Quantities in High-Energy Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the evolution of some statistical and thermodynamical quantities measured in difference sizes of high-energy collisions at different energies. We differentiate between intensive and extensive quantities and discuss the importance of their distinguishability in characterizing possible critical phenomena of nuclear collisions at various energies with different initial conditions.

A. Tawfik

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

263

Energy Intensity of Federal Buildings Slashed 25% in Past Decade  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA), which builds and manages federal buildings, recently announced that it cut federal energy spending by $65.5 million in fiscal year (FY) 2012 by reducing the energy use intensity levels in its buildings by nearly 25% since FY 2003.

264

Thesis Oral Energy-efficient Data-intensive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thesis Oral Energy-efficient Data-intensive Computing with a Fast Array of Wimpy Nodes Vijay has raised datacenter energy demand and created an increasingly large financial burden and scaling challenge: Peak energy requirements today are a significant cost of provisioning

265

Metal reflectivity under high?intensity optical radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single high?intensity (106?109 W/cm2) pulses of 1.06?? radiation emitted from a Q?switched Nd : YAG laser have been used to study reflectivity behavior of single?crystal copper and tantalum samples. Metalreflectivity during irradiation undergoes a significant drop to values much lower than can be attributed to high?temperature effects. This reflectivity drop under high radiation intensity has two characteristic features. First if vaporization is avoided then during the rising portion of the laser pulse the reflectivity drops continuously until it reaches a constant low value. For copper this occurs at an intensity of 3×108 W/cm2 and has a reflectivity value of ?0.64. The corresponding values for tantalum are I?2.5×107 W/cm2 and R?0.41. For still higher intensities a further drop in reflectivity beyond the plateau region is observed. This drop in reflectivity is always accompanied by heavy melting and followed by some vaporization. As suggested by Prokhorov e t a l. this further drop in reflectivity could be associated with dielectriclike behavior of the molten zone.

T. E. Zavecz; M. A. Saifi; M. Notis

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Continuous Snow Depth, Intensive Site 1, Barrow, Alaska  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Continuous Snow depth data are being collected at several points within four intensive study areas in Barrow, Alaska. These data are being collected to better understand the energy dynamics above the active layer and permafrost. They complement in-situ snow and soil measurements at this location. The data could also be used as supporting measurements for other research and modeling activities.

Cable, William; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Hinzman, Larry; Busey, Bob

267

Space-time contours to treat intense field-dressed molecular states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article we consider a molecular system exposed to an intense short-pulsed external field. It is a continuation of a previous publication [A. K. Paul, S. Adhikari, D. Mukhopadhyay et al., J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 7331 (2009)] in which a theory is presented that treats quantum effects due to nonclassical photon states (known also as Fock states). Since these states became recently a subject of intense experimental efforts we thought that they can be treated properly within the existing quantum formulation of dynamical processes. This was achieved by incorporating them in the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) treatment with time-dependent coefficients. The extension of the BO treatment to include the Fock states results in a formidable enhancement in numerical efforts expressed, in particular, in a significant increase in CPU time. In the present article we discuss an approach that yields an efficient and reliable approximation with only negligible losses in accuracy. The approximation is tested in detail for the dissociation process of H{sub 2}{sup +} as caused by a laser field.

Paul, Amit K.; Adhikari, Satrajit [Department of Physical Chemistry, Indian Association for Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700 032 (India); Baer, Michael [Fritz Haber Research Center for Molecular Dynamics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world-best-practice-energy- intensity-values-selected-World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selectedof the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Process Deviation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Exercise Course Implementation 10_0630 Page 1 of 8 1 Exercise Course Implementation 10_0630 Page 1 of 8 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Exercise Course Implementation Document Number: ISDP-011 Rev. 10_0630 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: ISDP-002, Training Production Process Notify of Changes: ISD, ITT, MGT Referenced Document(s): ISDF-004 Design Document, ISDF-006 WBT Script Template, ISDF-007 Lesson Plan Template, ISDP-012, ILT Course Implementation, ISDF-008 ILT Student Feedback Survey, ISDF-010 After Action Report ISDP-011 Exercise Course Implementation 10_0630 Page 2 of 8 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change 10_0630 Initial Release ISDP-011 Exercise Course Implementation 10_0630 Page 3 of 8

270

Fermentation process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fermentation process consists essentially of fermenting a 10-45% w/w aqueous slurry of granular starch for the production of ethanol with an ethanol-producing microorganism in the presence of alpha-amylase and glucoamylase, the conduct of said fermentation being characterized by low levels of dextrin and fermentable sugars in solution in the fermentation broth throughout the fermentation, and thereafter recovering enzymes from the fermentation broth for use anew in fermentation of granular starch.

Lutzen, N.W.

1982-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

271

Electrolytic Processes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Electrolysis is the process of using electricity to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. This reaction takes place in a unit called an electrolyzer. Electrolyzers can be small, appliance-size equipment and well-suited for small-scale distributed hydrogen production. Research is also under way to examine larger-scale electrolysis that could be tied directly to renewable or other non-greenhouse gas emitting electricity production. Hydrogen production at a wind farm generating electricity is an example of this.

272

Table 2a. Electricity Consumption and Electricity Intensities, per Square  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

assistance viewing this page, please call (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Home Page Home > Commercial Buildings Home > Sq Ft Tables > Table 2a. Electricity Consumption per Sq Ft Table 2a. Electricity Consumption and Electricity Intensities, per Square Foot, Specific to Occupied and Vacant Floorspace, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using Electricity (thousand) Total Electricity Consumption (trillion Btu) Electricity Intensities (thousand Btu) In Total Floor space In Occupied Floor space In Vacant Floor space Per Square Foot Per Occupied Square Foot Per Vacant Square Foot All Buildings 4,590 2,600 2,563 37 39 42 8 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 2,532 334 331 3 48 51 6 5,001 to 10,000 946 250 247 3 36 38 6 10,001 to 25,000

273

Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals March 2006 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requester. Energy Information Administration / Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals

274

Table 6. Energy intensity by state (2000 - 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy intensity by state (2000 - 2010)" Energy intensity by state (2000 - 2010)" "thousand Btu per dollar of GDP" ,,,,,,,,,,,,"Change" ,,,,,,,,,,,,"2000 to 2010" "State",2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percent","Absolute" "Alabama",18.27258197,17.12573602,17.40982338,17.21199023,16.87274619,16.36600572,16.26201029,16.16667416,15.88996309,15.31511861,15.97051076,-0.1259849985,-2.302071213 "Alaska",21.74118991,20.61708506,19.78031734,20.18143227,20.28953911,21.09573287,18.72961653,17.79373817,15.85124571,14.13669694,14.24461661,-0.3448097058,-7.496573297 "Arizona",8.723022426,8.474435286,8.399371812,7.993493579,8.274516227,7.602521438,7.232690272,7.328159916,7.62679414,7.507000095,7.628169778,-0.1255129924,-1.094852647

275

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Intensity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier MiniBooNE Researchers initiated the Booster Neutrino Experiment, BooNE, to verify definitively the results of the Los Alamos Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector experiment. In 1995, the Los Alamos experiment presented strong evidence for the oscillation of muon anti-neutrinos into electron anti-neutrinos. Jasmine Ma inspects one of the phototubes that detects light from neutrino interactions. (Courtesy: Peter Ginter) Jasmine Ma inspects one of the phototubes that detects light from neutrino interactions. (Courtesy: Peter Ginter) The 800-ton detector, called MiniBooNE, searches for neutrino oscillations. The detector is located 500 meters from Fermilab's second neutrino source, the Booster Neutrino Beam or BNB. The presence of neutrinos can only be inferred by detecting the charged

276

For Physicists | Fellowships & Awards | Intensity Frontier Fellows  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Application Info Application Info Applications must include a curriculum vitae, and a selected publication list. In addition we request a two-page proposal describing the major contribution that will be made to the Intensity Frontier during the Fellowship, current compensation, and requested dates of support. Applicants holding postdoctoral positions should supply two letters of reference. Applications for awards beginning in 2014 will be accepted until 22 November, 2013. It is anticipated that a second round of applications will be solicited in spring 2014. Applicants should be notified by 20 December 2013. Applications should be made via: Online Application Further queries should be sent to: send email Related Links Fermilab Intensity Frontier Department NOvA Experiment

277

The decline of the world’s energy intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy intensity of the total primary energy supply (TPES), total final energy consumption (TFC) and LOSSES in the conversion from TPES to TFC were analyzed for the World, OECD and Rest of the World (ROW) countries. LOSSES increased significantly for all groups of countries due to the increase of electricity production from coal in the period studied (1971–2008). Electricity share final consumption almost doubled, increasing from 8.8% to 17.2% in the period studied. However the energy intensity of LOSSES remained practically constant, which reflects the fact that the efficiency of electricity generation from coal (the main source of electricity) remained practically constant in that period. Despite the attractiveness of end-use devices running on electricity such as computers, which is typical of modern societies, the CO2 emissions are bound to increase unless coal is replaced by less carbon emitting sources such as natural gas, renewables and nuclear energy.

José Goldemberg; Luiz Tadêo Siqueira Prado

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Environmental Design for Patient Families in Intensive Care Unites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open Access to this article benefits you. 2010 Multi-Science Publishing ISSN 1756-8250 Environmental Design for Patient Families in Intensive Care Units by Mahbub Rashid Reprinted from Journal of Healthcare Engineering Vol. 1 · No. 3 · 2010 Journal... wayfinding systems can be extremely costly piecemeal. The ED of a well-integrated in terms of both patient and family wayfinding system should include satisfaction and hard dollars. external building cues, functional • People tend to move along routes...

Rashid, Mahbub

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Reproductive response of gray and fox squirrels to intensive harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the changes observed. Mast production indices indicated a poor acorn crop during the fall that experimental hunting pressure treatments began, implying that both species of squirrels responded more strongly to mast production than to intensive hunting... 15, 648 in 1957 to 7, 564 in 1958. Mosby ( 1969) compared life tables of 2 woodlot populations of gray squirrels in Virginia, only l of which was hunted. The average rate of exploitation in the hunted study area was 37. 4& of the fall population...

Davis, Charles Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

280

CHALLENGES IN DATA INTENSIVE ANALYSIS AT SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTAL USER FACILITIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter will discuss the critical data intensive analysis and visualiza-tion challenges faced by the experimental science community at large scale and laboratory based facilities. The chapter will further highlight initial solutions under development through community efforts and lay out perspectives for the future, such as the potential of more closely linked experimental and computational science approaches, methods to achieve real time analysis capabilities and the challenges and opportunities of data integration across experimental scales, levels of theory and varying techniques.

Kleese van Dam, Kerstin; Li, Dongsheng; Miller, Stephen D.; Cobb, John W.; Green, Mark L.; Ruby, Catherine L.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Device for imaging scenes with very large ranges of intensity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for imaging scenes with a very large range of intensity having a pair of polarizers, a primary lens, an attenuating mask, and an imaging device optically connected along an optical axis. Preferably, a secondary lens, positioned between the attenuating mask and the imaging device is used to focus light on the imaging device. The angle between the first polarization direction and the second polarization direction is adjustable.

Deason, Vance Albert (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

NUMERICAL METHODS FOR THE SIMULATION OF HIGH INTENSITY HADRON SYNCHROTRONS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerical algorithms for PIC simulation of beam dynamics in a high intensity synchrotron on a parallel computer are presented. We introduce numerical solvers of the Laplace-Poisson equation in the presence of walls, and algorithms to compute tunes and twiss functions in the presence of space charge forces. The working code for the simulation here presented is SIMBAD, that can be run as stand alone or as part of the UAL (Unified Accelerator Libraries) package.

LUCCIO, A.; D'IMPERIO, N.; MALITSKY, N.

2005-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

283

Systematic intensity errors caused by spectral truncation: origin and remedy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

X-ray absorption by the monochromator determines the wavelength dispersion in the monochromated X-ray beam and explains the values of 0.03, 0.14 and 0.16 for graphite(002)-monochromated Cu, Mo and Rh radiation. To eliminate the systematic intensity truncation errors, caused by the large wavelength dispersion, a correction is proposed based on the applied scan angle and the real beam spectrum.

Lenstra, A.T.H.

2001-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

284

Electron-ion collisions in intensely illuminated plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the presence of a high-frequency intense uniform electric field, the collisions of electrons with ions can be made more frequent or less frequent, depending on the polarization of the hf field, the direction and magnitude of particle velocity, and the ratio of the plasma Debye length to the size of the electron oscillation in the hf field. The stimulated bremsstrahlung emission is calculated for both circularly and linearly polarized fields. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Shvets, G.; Fisch, N.J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, T-149, Forrestal Center, P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, T-149, Forrestal Center, P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Molecules in intense laser fields: Beyond the dipole approximation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The time-dependent Schroedinger equation is solved for a Born-Oppenheimer (static nuclei) three-dimensional H{sub 2}{sup +} in super intense laser fields (I=4x10{sup 18}, 10{sup 19}, and 4x10{sup 19} W/cm{sup 2}) at wavelength {lambda}{sub L}=45 nm and 25 nm to assess the influence of nondipolar (magnetic) effects on high order harmonic generation spectra in molecules. It is found that even harmonics appear due to the magnetic field component direction perpendicular to the electric field polarization with intensities about two orders of magnitude less than the odd harmonics emitted along the electric field polarization. The even harmonics exhibit plateaus with cutoffs which exceed in intensity the odd harmonic plateaus and maximum energies predicted by semiclassical electron recollision models. Although the spectra are weak, the wavelength of the recollision electron in the maximum energy regions correspond to subatomic dimensions and the corresponding emitted photons have subnanometer wavelengths.

Bandrauk, A. D.; Lu, H. Z. [Laboratoire de Chimie Theorique, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Que, J1K 2R1 (Canada)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Corpuscular theory of intensity noise with gain compression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When light from a laser is fully absorbed by an ideal detector, the detected current exhibits a fluctuation called here ‘‘photonic noise.’’ The spectral density of Iintensity noiseR, defined as the difference of the photonic-noise spectral density and a term corresponding to the shot-noise level, is negative for sub-Poissonian statistics. The usefulness of the relative-intensity-noise concept is that it is independent of any linear attenuation. A simple circuit theory of intensity noise based only on energy conservation and the Nyquist formula (zero-point fluctuation) leads to expressions of the spectral densities that agree with quantum theory even for sub-Poissonian photon statistics. When the optical gain and loss are frequency independent, the circuit theory reduces to a corpuscular theory that keeps track of the time rates of change of electron and photon numbers treated as continuous variables. Consideration is given to laser diodes in which the rate of electron-photon conversion depends nonlinearly on both the carrier and photon densities. The cross-spectral density between electrical-voltage and relative photonic fluctuations is independent of internal or external optical losses. Standard rate equations are inaccurate in the case of gain compression. Very general yet simple formulas for intensity noise are applied to room-temperature GaAs laser diodes, using recently calculated optical parameters.

J. Arnaud

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Cosmology with a SKA HI intensity mapping survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HI intensity mapping (IM) is a novel technique capable of mapping the large-scale structure of the Universe in three dimensions and delivering exquisite constraints on cosmology, by using HI as a biased tracer of the dark matter density field. This is achieved by measuring the intensity of the redshifted 21cm line over the sky in a range of redshifts without the requirement to resolve individual galaxies. In this chapter, we investigate the potential of SKA1 to deliver HI intensity maps over a broad range of frequencies and a substantial fraction of the sky. By pinning down the baryon acoustic oscillation and redshift space distortion features in the matter power spectrum -- thus determining the expansion and growth history of the Universe -- these surveys can provide powerful tests of dark energy models and modifications to General Relativity. They can also be used to probe physics on extremely large scales, where precise measurements of spatial curvature and primordial non-Gaussianity can be used to test in...

Santos, Mario G; Alonso, David; Camera, Stefano; Ferreira, Pedro G; Bernardi, Gianni; Maartens, Roy; Viel, Matteo; Villaescusa-Navarro, Francisco; Abdalla, Filipe B; Jarvis, Matt; Metcalf, R Benton; Pourtsidou, A; Wolz, Laura

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Cosmology with a SKA HI intensity mapping survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HI intensity mapping (IM) is a novel technique capable of mapping the large-scale structure of the Universe in three dimensions and delivering exquisite constraints on cosmology, by using HI as a biased tracer of the dark matter density field. This is achieved by measuring the intensity of the redshifted 21cm line over the sky in a range of redshifts without the requirement to resolve individual galaxies. In this chapter, we investigate the potential of SKA1 to deliver HI intensity maps over a broad range of frequencies and a substantial fraction of the sky. By pinning down the baryon acoustic oscillation and redshift space distortion features in the matter power spectrum -- thus determining the expansion and growth history of the Universe -- these surveys can provide powerful tests of dark energy models and modifications to General Relativity. They can also be used to probe physics on extremely large scales, where precise measurements of spatial curvature and primordial non-Gaussianity can be used to test inflation; on small scales, by measuring the sum of neutrino masses; and at high redshifts where non-standard evolution models can be probed. We discuss the impact of foregrounds as well as various instrumental and survey design parameters on the achievable constraints. In particular we analyse the feasibility of using the SKA1 autocorrelations to probe the large-scale signal.

Mario G. Santos; Philip Bull; David Alonso; Stefano Camera; Pedro G. Ferreira; Gianni Bernardi; Roy Maartens; Matteo Viel; Francisco Villaescusa-Navarro; Filipe B. Abdalla; Matt Jarvis; R. Benton Metcalf; A. Pourtsidou; Laura Wolz

2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

289

Final Technical Report: Intensive Quenching Technology for Heat Treating and Forging Industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intensive quenching (IQ) process is an alternative way of hardening (quenching) steel parts through the use of highly agitated water and then still air. It was developed by IQ Technologies, Inc. (IQT) of Akron, Ohio. While conventional quenching is usually performed in environmentally unfriendly oil or water/polymer solutions, the IQ process uses highly agitated environmentally friendly water or low concentration water/mineral salt solutions. The IQ method is characterized by extremely high cooling rates of steel parts. In contrast to conventional quenching, where parts cool down to the quenchant temperature and usually have tensile or neutral residual surface stresses at the end of quenching. The IQ process is interrupted when the part core is still hot and when there are maximum compressive stresses deep into the parts, thereby providing hard, ductile, better wear resistant parts. The project goal was to advance the patented IQ process from feasibility to commercialization in the heat-treating and forging industries to reduce significantly energy consumption and environmental impact, to increase productivity and to enhance economic competitiveness of these industries as well as Steel, Metal Casting and Mining industries. To introduce successfully the IQ technology in the U.S. metal working industry, the project team has completed the following work over the course of this project: A total of 33 manufacturers of steel products provided steel parts for IQ trails. IQT conducted IQ demonstrations for 34 different steel parts. Our customers tested intensively quenched parts in actual field conditions to evaluate the product service life and performance improvement. The data obtained from the field showed the following: Service life (number of holes punched) of cold-work punches (provided by EHT customer and made of S5 shock-resisting steel) was improved by two to eight times. Aluminum extrusion dies provided by GAM and made of hot work H-13 steel outperformed the standard dies by at least 50%. Dies provided by an AST customer, made of plain carbon 1045 steel and used for pellet manufacturing outperformed the standard dies by more than 100%. Concrete crusher liner wear plates provided by an EHT customer and made of 1045 steel, had the same surface hardness as the plates made of more expensive, pre-hardened high alloy HARDOX-500 material supplied by a Swedish company and used currently by the EHT customer. The 1045 material intensively quenched wear plates are currently in the field. Concrete block molding machine wear plates provided by an IQT customer and made of 8620 steel were processed at the AST production IQ system using a 40% reduced carburization cycle. An effective case depth in the intensively quenched wear plates was the same as in the standard, oil quenched parts. Base keys provided by an EHT customer and made of 8620 steel were processed using a 40% reduced carburization cycle. The intensively quenched parts showed the same performance as standard parts. IQT introduced the IQ process in heat treat practices of three commercial heat-treating shops: Akron Steel Treating Co., Summit Heat Treating Co. and Euclid Heat Treating Co. CWRU conducted a material characterization study for a variety of steels to develop a database to support changing/modification of recognized standards for quenching steel parts. IQT conducted a series of IQ workshops, published seven technical papers and participated in ASM Heat Treating Society conference and exposition and in Furnace North America Show. IQT designed and built a fully automated new IQ system installed at the Center for Intensive Quenching. This system includes the following major components: a stand-alone 1,900-gallon IQ water system, a 24'' x 24'' atmosphere pit furnace, and an automated load transfer mechanism. IQT established a ''Center for Intensive Quenching'' at the AST facilities. The 4,000 square feet Center includes the following equipment: High-velocity single part quenching IQ unit developed and built previously under EMTEC CT-65 project. The unit is equipped w

Aronov, Michael A.

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

290

Sustainability Indicators for Discrete Manufacturing Processes Applied to Grinding Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

study, the indicator “Energy intensity” measures the energylabor intensity, energy intensity, water intensity, andand we consider the energy intensity. Number, Weight, or

Linke, Barbara S.; Corman, Gero J.; Dornfeld, David A.; Tönissen, Stefan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Going beyond energy intensity to understand the energy metabolism of nations: The case of Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The link between energy consumption and economic growth has been widely studied in the economic literature. Understanding this relationship is important from both an environmental and a socio-economic point of view, as energy consumption is crucial to economic activity and human environmental impact. This relevance is even higher for developing countries, since energy consumption per unit of output varies through the phases of development, increasing from an agricultural stage to an industrial one and then decreasing for certain service based economies. In the Argentinean case, the relevance of energy consumption to economic development seems to be particularly important. While energy intensity seems to exhibit a U-Shaped curve from 1990 to 2003 decreasing slightly after that year, total energy consumption increases along the period of analysis. Why does this happen? How can we relate this result with the sustainability debate? All these questions are very important due to Argentinean hydrocarbons dependence and due to the recent reduction in oil and natural gas reserves, which can lead to a lack of security of supply. In this paper we study Argentinean energy consumption pattern for the period 1990–2007, to discuss current and future energy and economic sustainability. To this purpose, we developed a conventional analysis, studying energy intensity, and a non conventional analysis, using the Multi-Scale Integrated Analysis of Societal and Ecosystem Metabolism (MuSIASEM) accounting methodology. Both methodologies show that the development process followed by Argentina has not been good enough to assure sustainability in the long term. Instead of improving energy use, energy intensity has increased. The current composition of its energy mix, and the recent economic crisis in Argentina, as well as its development path, are some of the possible explanations.

Marina Recalde; Jesús Ramos-Martin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Information processing in spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In all spectroscopic methods, there exists an integral equation relating the observed spectrum and the intensity distribution observed by the spectroscopic instrument. An improved...

Okada, Katsuhiko; Ishibashi, Yoshihiro; Kitade, Atsuo

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Influence of Intense Beam in High Pressure Hydrogen Gas Filled RF Cavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of an intense beam in a high-pressure gas filled RF cavity has been measured by using a 400 MeV proton beam in the Mucool Test Area at Fermilab. The ionization process generates dense plasma in the cavity and the resultant power loss to the plasma is determined by measuring the cavity voltage on a sampling oscilloscope. The energy loss has been observed with various peak RF field gradients (E), gas pressures (p), and beam intensities in nitrogen and hydrogen gases. Observed RF energy dissipation in single electron (dw) in N{sub 2} and H{sub 2} gases was 2 10{sup -17} and 3 10{sup -17} Joules/RF cycle at E/p = 8 V/cm/Torr, respectively. More detailed dw measurement have been done in H{sub 2} gas at three different gas pressures. There is a clear discrepancy between the observed dw and analytical one. The discrepancy may be due to the gas density effect that has already been observed in various experiments.

Yonehara, K.; Chung, M.; Collura, M.G.; Jana, M.R.; Leonova, M.; Moretti, A.; Popovic, M.; Schwarz, T.; Tollestrup, A.; /Fermilab; Johnson, R.P.; Franagan, G.; /Muons, Inc. /IIT

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Population trapping in Kr and Xe in intense laser fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have observed trapping of population in Rydberg states of atoms and ions exposed to intense laser radiation. The trapping occurs in nonstationary ‘‘wave-packet’’ superposition states, created, via ac Stark-shifted multiphoton resonances during the laser pulse. The formation of these highly excited bound states requires the nonresonant absorption of up to 20 or more photons; some of the ionic Rydberg states lie nearly 32 eV above the ionic ground state. All of the trapped states having binding energies much less than the photon energy but remain stable against ionization even when the multiphoton ionization probability of the atom is saturated.

R. R. Jones; D. W. Schumacher; P. H. Bucksbaum

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Economic potential of intensive culture of Penaeus vannamei in Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, with its subtropical-tropical climate and extensive coastlines, would seem to have great potential for shrimp farming. Large tracts of land suitable for shrimp culture do exist in several states on the Pacific coast of this country. However, not all... the Pacific-coast states are so favored: Some of them do not have the kind of land needed for shrimp farming, or appropriate land is scarce, or there are ownership problems. Intensive systems developed for the culture of Penaeus vannamei in the continental...

De La Mora Perez-Arce, Jose Bernardo

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

HELIOS: A high intensity chopper spectrometer at LANSCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A proposal to construct a high intensity chopper spectrometer at LANSCE as part of the SPSS upgrade project is discussed. HELIOS will be optimized for science requiring high sensitivity neutron spectroscopy. This includes studies of phonon density of states in small polycrystalline samples, magnetic excitations in quantum magnets and highly correlated electron systems, as well as parametric studies (as a function of pressure, temperature, or magnetic field) of S(Q,{omega}). By employing a compact design together with the use of supermirror guide in the incident flight path the neutron flux at HELIOS will be significantly higher than any other comparable instrument now operating.

Mason, T.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Broholm, C. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Fultz, B. [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science] [and others

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

297

Data-intensive computing on numerically-insensitive supercomputers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the advent of the era of petascale supercomputing, via the delivery of the Roadrunner supercomputing platform at Los Alamos National Laboratory, there is a pressing need to address the problem of visualizing massive petascale-sized results. In this presentation, I discuss progress on a number of approaches including in-situ analysis, multi-resolution out-of-core streaming and interactive rendering on the supercomputing platform. These approaches are placed in context by the emerging area of data-intensive supercomputing.

Ahrens, James P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fasel, Patricia K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Habib, Salman [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Heitmann, Katrin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lo, Li - Ta [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Patchett, John M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, Sean J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Woodring, Jonathan L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wu, Joshua [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hsu, Chung - Hsing [ONL

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

298

Calibrating X-ray Imaging Devices for Accurate Intensity Measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the project presented is to develop methods to accurately calibrate X-ray imaging devices. The approach was to develop X-ray source systems suitable for this endeavor and to develop methods to calibrate solid state detectors to measure source intensity. NSTec X-ray sources used for the absolute calibration of cameras are described, as well as the method of calibrating the source by calibrating the detectors. The work resulted in calibration measurements for several types of X-ray cameras. X-ray camera calibration measured efficiency and efficiency variation over the CCD. Camera types calibrated include: CCD, CID, back thinned (back illuminated), front illuminated.

Haugh, M. J.

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

299

Absorption Intensities of Ethylenes and Acetylenes in the Vacuum Ultraviolet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spectra of three octenes cyclohexene and 2 3?dihydropyrane and of octyne?1 and ?2 were obtained in n?heptane solution to 1700A. Intensity measurements on ethylene vapor to 1550A enable the contribution of the Rydberg bands to be separated from that of the continuum. The f?values in ethylene and the octenes are about 0.30 agreeing with Mulliken and Rieke's theoretical prediction within the experimental uncertainty of about 20 percent. The f?values of the octynes are about the same but those of cyclohexene and dihydropyrane are about 0.20.

J. R. Platt; H. B. Klevens; W. C. Price

1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Energy resource management for energy-intensive manufacturing industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A program to introduce energy resource management into an energy-intensive manufacturing industry is presented. The food industry (SIC No. 20) was chosen and 20 companies were selected for interviews, but thirteen were actually visited. The methodology for this program is detailed. Reasons for choosing the food industry are described. The substance of the information gained and the principal conclusions drawn from the interviews are given. Results of the model Energy Resource Management Plan applied to three companies are compiled at length. Strategies for dissemination of the information gained are described. (MCW)

Brenner, C.W.; Levangie, J.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Effects of pulp consistency and mixing intensity on ozone bleaching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional wisdom holds that ozone bleaching is feasible only at low or high pulp consistencies. However, recent research suggests that ozone bleaching at medium consistency is possible under conditions of high-intensity mixing. This article presents experimental results for softwood and hardwood pulps that were ozone-bleached over a range of consistencies (3-40%) and mixing conditions. Ozone was pressurized and delivered by a proprietary automated system. Results indicate that ozone bleaching at medium consistency can be as effective as bleaching at high consistency. Medium-consistency bleaching has the advantage of greater selectivity, resulting in higher pulp viscosity.

Hurst, M.M. (Quantum Technologies, Inc., Twinsburg, OH (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

High intensity line source for x-ray spectrometer calibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high intensity electron-impact x-ray source using a one-dimensional Pierce lens has been built for the purpose of calibrating a bent crystal x-ray spectrometer. This source focuses up to 100 mA of 20-keV electrons to a line on a liquid-cooled anode. The line (which can serve as a virtual slit for the spectrometer) measures approximately 800 ..mu.. x 2 cm. The source is portable and therefore adaptable to numerous types of spectrometer applications. One particular application, the calibration of a high resolution (r = 10/sup 4/) time-resolved cyrstal spectrometer, will be discussed in detail.

Thoe, R.S.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Thermodynamic Bounds on Nonlinear Electrostatic Perturbations in Intense Charged Particle Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper places a lowest upper bound on the field energy in electrostatic perturbations in single-species charged particle beams with initial temperature anisotropy (TllT? < 1). The result applies to all electrostatic perturbations driven by the natural anisotropies that develop in accelerated particle beams, including Harris-type electrostatic instabilities, known to limit the luminosity and minimum spot size attainable in experiments. The thermodynamic bound on the field perturbation energy of the instabilities is obtained from the nonlinear Vlasov-Poisson equations for an arbitrary initial distribution function, including the effects of intense self-fields, finite geometry and nonlinear processes. This paper also includes analytical estimates of the nonlinear bounds for space-charge-dominated and emittance-dominated anisotropic bi-Maxwellian distributions.

Nikolas C. Logan and Ronald C. Davidson

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

304

Industrial Fabrication of Medium-Beta SCRF Cavities for a High-Intensity Proton Linac  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During 1999, four 700-MHz, medium-beta (b = 0.64), superconducting radio frequency (SCRF) cavities for a high-intensity proton linac project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) were manufactured by industry. The SCRF cavities were designed by a LANL team in Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA, and manufactured at a CERCA plant in Romans, France. The cavities were made of 4-mm-thick, solid niobium sheets with a residual resistivity ratio (RRR) greater than 250. These niobium sheets were supplied by Wah Chang (USA), Heraeus AG (Germany), and Tokyo Denkai (Japan). The SCRF cavities were shipped to LANL for performance testing. This paper describes the experience gained during the manufacturing process at CERCA.

Kuzminski, J; Gentzlinger, R C; Maccioni, P

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Enhanced Nonlinear Double Excitation of He in Intense Extreme Ultraviolet Laser Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear, three-photon double excitation of He in intense extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser fields ({approx}24.1 eV, {approx}5 TW/cm{sup 2}) is presented. Resonances to the doubly excited states converging to the He{sup +} N=3 level are revealed by the shot-by-shot photoelectron spectroscopy and identified by theoretical calculations based on the time-dependent Schroedinger equation for the two-electron atom under a laser field. It is shown that the three-photon double excitation is enhanced by intermediate Rydberg states below the first ionization threshold, giving a greater contribution to the photoionization yields than the two-photon process by more than 1 order of magnitude.

Hishikawa, A.; Matsuda, A. [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan); Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Okazaki, Aichi 444-8585 (Japan); RIKEN/SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Fushitani, M. [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan); RIKEN/SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Hikosaka, Y. [RIKEN/SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Department of Environmental Science, Niigata University, Niigata, Niigata 950-2181 (Japan); Liu, C.-N. [Department of Physics, Fu-Jen Catholic University, Taipei 24205, Taiwan (China); Morishita, T. [Department of Engineering Science, University of Electro-Communications, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Shigemasa, E. [Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Okazaki, Aichi 444-8585 (Japan); RIKEN/SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Nagasono, M.; Ishikawa, T. [RIKEN/SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Tono, K.; Togashi, T.; Senba, Y. [JASRI/SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Ohashi, H.; Kimura, H.; Yabashi, M. [RIKEN/SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); JASRI/SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan)

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

306

Predicted intensities for new Raman transitions in solid HD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scattering efficiencies for the zero-phonon and phonon branches associated with predicted new Raman transitions in solid HD are calculated. These transitions arise from the interaction-induced polarizability of a pair of molecules expressed in terms of the vector separation between the centers of mass and satisfy different rotational selection rules from those of allowed Raman transitions. For single transitions in which only one molecule of the pair is excited by the incoming photon, one expects an R branch, while, for double transitions in which both molecules are excited, one expects R+S and T+S branches with progressively less intensity. A previously obtained experimental Raman spectrum of solid HD does have spectral features similar in shape and intensity to those predicted for the RR phonon branch, although this feature was tentatively assigned as a two-phonon Raman-active transition. We conclude that a new Raman study of solid HD carried out with higher sensitivity and over a greater frequency region would be of interest to determine the correct assignment of this feature and to look for other predicted transitions resulting from the interaction-induced polarizability.

M. Attia; M. Ali; R. H. Tipping; J. D. Poll

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Steel characteristics measurement system using Barkhausen jump sum rate and magnetic field intensity and method of using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A steel hardness measurement system and method of using same are provided for measuring at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic of a ferromagnetic sample as a function of at least one magnetic characteristic of the sample. A magnetic field generator subjects the sample to a variable external magnetic field. The magnetic field intensity of the magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generating means is measured and a signal sensor is provided for measuring Barkhausen signals from the sample when the sample is subjected to the external magnetic field. A signal processing unit calculates a jump sum rate first moment as a function of the Barkhausen signals measured by the signal sensor and the magnetic field intensity, and for determining the at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic as a function of the jump sum rate first moment. 7 figs.

Kohn, G.; Hicho, G.; Swartzendruber, L.

1997-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

308

Automation and Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy for Individualized High-Quality Tangent Breast Treatment Plans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose To demonstrate the large-scale clinical implementation and performance of an automated treatment planning methodology for tangential breast intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Methods and Materials Automated planning was used to prospectively plan tangential breast IMRT treatment for 1661 patients between June 2009 and November 2012. The automated planning method emulates the manual steps performed by the user during treatment planning, including anatomical segmentation, beam placement, optimization, dose calculation, and plan documentation. The user specifies clinical requirements of the plan to be generated through a user interface embedded in the planning system. The automated method uses heuristic algorithms to define and simplify the technical aspects of the treatment planning process. Results Automated planning was used in 1661 of 1708 patients receiving tangential breast IMRT during the time interval studied. Therefore, automated planning was applicable in greater than 97% of cases. The time for treatment planning using the automated process is routinely 5 to 6 minutes on standard commercially available planning hardware. We have shown a consistent reduction in plan rejections from plan reviews through the standard quality control process or weekly quality review multidisciplinary breast rounds as we have automated the planning process for tangential breast IMRT. Clinical plan acceptance increased from 97.3% using our previous semiautomated inverse method to 98.9% using the fully automated method. Conclusions Automation has become the routine standard method for treatment planning of tangential breast IMRT at our institution and is clinically feasible on a large scale. The method has wide clinical applicability and can add tremendous efficiency, standardization, and quality to the current treatment planning process. The use of automated methods can allow centers to more rapidly adopt IMRT and enhance access to the documented improvements in care for breast cancer patients, using technologies that are widely available and already in clinical use.

Thomas G. Purdie; Robert E. Dinniwell; Anthony Fyles; Michael B. Sharpe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production of iron and steel is an energy-intensive manufacturing process. In 2006, the iron and steel industry accounted for 13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China and the U.S., respectively (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2010a; Zhang et al., 2010). The energy efficiency of steel production has a direct impact on overall energy consumption and related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The goal of this study is to develop a methodology for making an accurate comparison of the energy intensity (energy use per unit of steel produced) of steel production. The methodology is applied to the steel industry in China and the U.S. The methodology addresses issues related to boundary definitions, conversion factors, and indicators in order to develop a common framework for comparing steel industry energy use. This study uses a bottom-up, physical-based method to compare the energy intensity of China and U.S. crude steel production in 2006. This year was chosen in order to maximize the availability of comparable steel-sector data. However, data published in China and the U.S. are not always consistent in terms of analytical scope, conversion factors, and information on adoption of energy-saving technologies. This study is primarily based on published annual data from the China Iron & Steel Association and National Bureau of Statistics in China and the Energy Information Agency in the U.S. This report found that the energy intensity of steel production is lower in the United States than China primarily due to structural differences in the steel industry in these two countries. In order to understand the differences in energy intensity of steel production in both countries, this report identified key determinants of sector energy use in both countries. Five determinants analyzed in this report include: share of electric arc furnaces in total steel production, sector penetration of energy-efficiency technologies, scale of production equipment, fuel shares in the iron and steel industry, and final steel product mix in both countries. The share of lower energy intensity electric arc furnace production in each country was a key determinant of total steel sector energy efficiency. Overall steel sector structure, in terms of average plant vintage and production capacity, is also an important variable though data were not available to quantify this in a scenario. The methodology developed in this report, along with the accompanying quantitative and qualitative analyses, provides a foundation for comparative international assessment of steel sector energy intensity.

Hasanbeigi, Ali; Price, Lynn; Aden, Nathaniel; Chunxia, Zhang; Xiuping, Li; Fangqin, Shangguan

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Sensitivity to Dark Energy candidates by searching for four-wave mixing of high-intensity lasers in the vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical challenges to understand Dark Matter and Dark Energy suggest the existence of low-mass and weakly coupling fields in the universe. The quasi-parallel photon-photon collision system (QPS) can provide chances to probe the resonant production of these light dark fields and the induced decay by the coherent nature of laser fields simultaneously. By focusing high-intensity lasers with different colors in the vacuum, new colors emerge as the signature of the interaction. Because four photons in the initial and final states interplay via the dark field exchange, this process is analogous to four-wave mixing in quantum optics, where the frequency sum and difference among the incident three waves generate the fourth wave with a new frequency via the nonlinear property of crystals. The interaction rate of the four-wave mixing process has the cubic dependence on the intensity of each wave. Therefore, if high-intensity laser fields are given, the sensitivity to the weakly coupling of dark fields to photons rapidly increases over the wide mass range below sub-eV. Based on the experimentally measurable photon energies and the linear polarization states, we formulate the relation between the accessible mass-coupling domains and the high-intensity laser parameters, where the effects of the finite spectrum width of pulse lasers are taken into account. The expected sensitivity suggests that we have a potential to explore interactions at the Super-Planckian coupling strength in the sub-eV mass range, if the cutting-edge laser technologies are properly combined.

Kensuke Homma

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

311

Improved growth and water use efficiency of cherry saplings under reduced light intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cherry (Prunus avium...L.) saplings were grown under natural sunlight (controls) or moderate shading (up to 30%, depending on the incident light intensity and the hour of the day). Reduced light intensity increas...

Mauro Centritto; Francesco Loreto; Angelo Massacci…

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

J Med Ethics . Author manuscript Ethically complex decisions in the neonatal intensive care unit: impact of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J Med Ethics . Author manuscript Page /1 6 Ethically complex decisions in the neonatal intensive Personnel ; Decision Making ; ethics ; Euthanasia ; ethics ; legislation & jurisprudence ; psychology ; Female ; France ; Humans ; Infant, Newborn ; Intensive Care Units, Neonatal ; ethics ; legislation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

313

Changes in MRI signal intensity during hypercapnic challenge under conscious and anesthetized conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changes in MRI signal intensity during hypercapnic challenge under conscious and anesthetized were exposed to different concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) while conscious and anesthetized. Hypercapnia produced significantly greater increases in MRI signal intensity in fully conscious animals (6

Duong, Timothy Q.

314

Fact #554: January 19, 2009 Energy Intensity of Light Rail Transit...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4: January 19, 2009 Energy Intensity of Light Rail Transit Systems Fact 554: January 19, 2009 Energy Intensity of Light Rail Transit Systems According to the 2007 National Transit...

315

Quantifying Regional Economic Impacts of CO2 Intensity Targets in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To address rising energy use and CO2 emissions, China’s leadership has enacted energy and CO2 intensity

Zhang, Da

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Multi-objective fuel policies: Renewable fuel standards versus Fuel greenhouse gas intensity standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbon tax, mandate, intensity standard JEL classi?cations: Q42; Q48 Introduction Governments throughout the world

Rajagopal, Deepak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Department of Energy Commercial Building Benchmarks (New Construction): Energy Use Intensities, May 5, 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This file contains the energy use intensities (EUIs) for the benchmark building files by building type and climate zone.

318

Working Group Report: Computing for the Intensity Frontier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the report of the Computing Frontier working group on Lattice Field Theory prepared for the proceedings of the 2013 Community Summer Study ("Snowmass"). We present the future computing needs and plans of the U.S. lattice gauge theory community and argue that continued support of the U.S. (and worldwide) lattice-QCD effort is essential to fully capitalize on the enormous investment in the high-energy physics experimental program. We first summarize the dramatic progress of numerical lattice-QCD simulations in the past decade, with some emphasis on calculations carried out under the auspices of the U.S. Lattice-QCD Collaboration, and describe a broad program of lattice-QCD calculations that will be relevant for future experiments at the intensity and energy frontiers. We then present details of the computational hardware and software resources needed to undertake these calculations.

Rebel, B.; Sanchez, M.C.; Wolbers, S.

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

319

Performance of multilayers in intense synchrotron x-ray beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of multilayer reflectors under intense synchroton x-ray beams requires to develop a new generation of multilayered materials that can withstand a high-power load in excess of 100 W/mm/sup 2/. Multilayers with the high-/ital Z/ layer consisting either of a pure element or of compounds such as carbides, nitrides, or silicides have been produced. Because the fabrication conditions are not yet optimized, thin films with satisfactory layer were not obtained leading to poor reflectivities. Such multilayers have been both thermally annealed in a furnace and exposed to a synchrotron beam with a power density of about 1 W/mm/sup 2/. The resulting damage ranges from the total destruction of the layering to a reduction of the reflectivity by typically 40%--60%. In some cases an only 1%--15% loss in reflectivity has been observed.

Ziegler, E.; Lepetre, Y.; Joksch, S.; Saile, V.; Mourikis, S.; Viccaro, P. J.; Rolland, G.; Laugier, F.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

HIGH INTENSITY LOW-ENERGY POSITRON SOURCE AT JEFFERSON  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a novel concept of a low-energy e{sup +} source with projected intensity on the order of 10{sup 10} slow e{sup +}/s. The key components of this concept are a continuous wave e{sup -} beam, a rotating positron-production target, a synchronized raster/anti-raster, a transport channel, and extraction of e{sup +} into a field-free area through a magnetic plug for moderation in a cryogenic solid. Components were designed in the framework of GEANT4-based (G4beamline) Monte Carlo simulation and TOSCA magnetic field calculation codes. Experimental data to demonstrate the effectiveness of the magnetic plug is presented.

Serkan Golge, Bogdan Wojtsekhowski, Branislav Vlahovic

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The effect of local geologic conditions on observed seismic intensities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. O I. S 7. 0 5. ~. 0 4. 5-S 0 3~0 1. 5-3. 0 2, 0 5 0 12 13 22 li 22 1S 39 $6 55 5$ 49 67 14 12 4$ 8 7 12 $2 39 89 0 7 1 47 13 64 42 172 64 23$ SO 108 17 54 121 281 3 0 1 1$ d 4 13 16 10 20 28 29 5D 36 41 56 $7 52 il 24 $2 91 59... \\ I I I I V1I' euv osCoanvm VVI V I /O V /Q FEBRUARY EB, 1BB1 BAIP E FIGURE 5. Isoseismal contours of M Intensity for the February 25, 1981 on a Gul f of Corinth area map. 33 VI VI I V STV N SIAIICH i. 1081 2lo E FIGURE 6...

Moran, David Rick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

322

Sting jets in intense winter North-Atlantic windstorms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extratropical cyclones dominate autumn and winter weather over western Europe. The strongest cyclones, often termed windstorms, have a large socio-economic impact due to the strong surface winds and associated storm surges in coastal areas. Here we show that sting jets are a common feature of windstorms; up to a third of the 100 most intense North-Atlantic winter windstorms over the last two decades satisfy conditions for sting jets. The sting jet is a mesoscale descending airstream that can cause strong near-surface winds in the dry slot of the cyclone, a region not usually associated with strong winds. Despite their localized transient nature, these sting jets can cause significant damage, a prominent example being the storm that devastated southeast England on 16 October 1987. We present the first regional climatology of windstorms with sting jets. Previously analysed sting-jet cases appear to have been exceptional in their track over northwest Europe rather than in their strength.

Oscar Martínez-Alvarado; Suzanne L Gray; Jennifer L Catto; Peter A Clark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Dynamics of intense laser propagation in underdense plasma: Polarization dependence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive numerical study of the dynamics of an intense laser pulse as it propagates through an underdense plasma in two and three dimensions. By varying the background plasma density and the polarization of the laser beam, significant differences are found in terms of energy transport and dissipation, in agreement with recently reported experimental results. Below the threshold for relativistic self-focusing, the plasma and laser dynamics are observed to be substantially insensitive to the initial laser polarization, since laser transport is dominated by ponderomotive effects. Above this threshold, relativistic effects become important, and laser energy is dissipated either by plasma heating (p-polarization) or by trapping of electromagnetic energy into plasma cavities (s-polarization) or by a combination of both (circular polarization). Besides the fundamental interest of this study, the results presented are relevant to applications such as plasma-based accelerators, x-ray lasers, and fast-ignition inertial confinement fusion.

Singh, D. K.; Fiuza, F.; Silva, L. O. [GoLP, Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear - Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Davies, J. R. [Fusion Science Center, Laboratory for Laser Energetics and Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Sarri, G. [School of Mathematics and Physics, The Queens University of Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Ultra-High Intensity Magnetic Field Generation in Dense Plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I. Grant Objective The main objective of this grant proposal was to explore the efficient generation of intense currents. Whereasthefficient generation of electric current in low-­?energy-­? density plasma has occupied the attention of the magnetic fusion community for several decades, scant attention has been paid to carrying over to high-­?energy-­? density plasma the ideas for steady-­?state current drive developed for low-­?energy-­? density plasma, or, for that matter, to inventing new methodologies for generating electric current in high-­?energy-­?density plasma. What we proposed to do was to identify new mechanisms to accomplish current generation, and to assess the operation, physics, and engineering basis of new forms of current drive in regimes appropriate for new fusion concepts.

Fisch, Nathaniel J

2014-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

325

Excitonic effects and chirality dependence of photoluminescence intensity of single wall carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Excitonic effects and chirality dependence of photoluminescence intensity of single wall carbon characterization of semiconducting single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) because the PL intensity and PL energy of the PL intensity and the energy shift of the PL peak position [3,4]. In the previous theoretical work [2

Maruyama, Shigeo

326

Present and future perspectives for high energy density physics with intense heavy ion and laser beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present and future perspectives for high energy density physics with intense heavy ion and laser18, deliver an intense uranium beam that deposit about 1 kJ0g specific energy in solid matter. Using 2004! Abstract Intense heavy ion beams from the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung ~GSI, Darmstadt

327

A2E: Adaptively Aggressive Energy Efficient DVFS Scheduling for Data Intensive Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A2E: Adaptively Aggressive Energy Efficient DVFS Scheduling for Data Intensive Applications Li Tan strategy to achieve energy efficiency for data intensive applications, and further save energy via five memory and disk access intensive benchmarks with imbalanced branches against another two energy

328

A STAGED MUON-BASED FACILITY TO ENABLE INTENSITY AND ENERGY FRONTIER SCIENCE IN THE US*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STAGED MUON-BASED FACILITY TO ENABLE INTENSITY AND ENERGY FRONTIER SCIENCE IN THE US* Jean. It requires facilities at both high energy and high intensity frontiers. Neutrino oscillations are irrefutable precision flavour physics at the high intensity frontier. At the high energy frontier, a multi-TeV lepton

McDonald, Kirk

329

Multi-energy CT Based on a Prior Rank, Intensity and Sparsity Model (PRISM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-energy CT Based on a Prior Rank, Intensity and Sparsity Model (PRISM) Hao Gao1 , Hengyong Yu2 spectrum. Besides, the energy-dependent intensity information can be incorporated into the PRISM in terms on the generalized rank and sparsity of a multi-energy image, and intensity/spectral characteristics of base

Soatto, Stefano

330

Physics of neutralization of intense high-energy ion beam pulses by electronsa...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics of neutralization of intense high-energy ion beam pulses by electronsa... I. D. Kaganovich beams,13 the physics of solar flares,14 high-intensity high- energy particle beam propagation Neutralization and focusing of intense charged particle beam pulses by electrons form the basis for a wide range

Kaganovich, Igor

331

Energy Policy 35 (2007) 52675286 The implications of the historical decline in US energy intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policy 35 (2007) 5267­5286 The implications of the historical decline in US energy intensity 2007 Abstract This paper analyzes the influence of the long-run decline in US energy intensity change) and adjustments in the energy demand of individual industries (intensity change), and identifies

332

Energy Integration Describes Sound-Intensity Coding in an Insect Auditory System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Integration Describes Sound-Intensity Coding in an Insect Auditory System Tim Gollisch receptor; hearing; sound intensity; energy; model; locust Auditory receptor cells are commonly measurements of intensity-duration tradeoffs sug- gest that the stimulus energy is the crucial variable (Garner

Benda, Jan

333

Effect of pulse intensity distributions on fragment internal energy in the infrared multiphoton dissociation of vinyl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of pulse intensity distributions on fragment internal energy in the infrared multiphoton of laser intensity on the production of fragment energy distribu- tions. Laser induced fluorescence (LIF pumping is pro- portional to the light intensity, the final energy of the parent molecule

Zare, Richard N.

334

Intensive two-photon absorption induced decay pathway in a ZnO crystal: Impact of light-induced defect state  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the pump-probe with phase object technique with 20 ps laser pulses at 532?nm, we investigated the carrier relaxation process subsequent to two-photon absorption (TPA) in ZnO. As a result, we found that an additional subnanosecond decay pathway is activated when the pump beam intensity surpasses 0.4?GW/cm{sup 2}. We attributed this intensity-dependent pathway to a TPA induced bulk defect state and our results demonstrate that this photo induced defect state has potential applications in ZnO based optoelectronic and spintronic devices.

Li, Zhong-guo; Wei, Tai-Huei [Department of Physics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 15001 (China)] [Department of Physics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 15001 (China); Yang, Jun-yi [School of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006 (China)] [School of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006 (China); Song, Ying-lin, E-mail: ylsong@hit.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 15001 (China) [Department of Physics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 15001 (China); School of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006 (China)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

335

Process for forming retrograde profiles in silicon  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is disclosed for forming retrograde and oscillatory profiles in crystalline and polycrystalline silicon. The process consisting of introducing an n- or p-type dopant into the silicon, or using prior doped silicon, then exposing the silicon to multiple pulses of a high-intensity laser or other appropriate energy source that melts the silicon for short time duration. Depending on the number of laser pulses directed at the silicon, retrograde profiles with peak/surface dopant concentrations which vary are produced. The laser treatment can be performed in air or in vacuum, with the silicon at room temperature or heated to a selected temperature.

Weiner, K.H.; Sigmon, T.W.

1996-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Process for forming retrograde profiles in silicon  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for forming retrograde and oscillatory profiles in crystalline and polycrystalline silicon. The process consisting of introducing an n- or p-type dopant into the silicon, or using prior doped silicon, then exposing the silicon to multiple pulses of a high-intensity laser or other appropriate energy source that melts the silicon for short time duration. Depending on the number of laser pulses directed at the silicon, retrograde profiles with peak/surface dopant concentrations which vary from 1-1e4 are produced. The laser treatment can be performed in air or in vacuum, with the silicon at room temperature or heated to a selected temperature.

Weiner, Kurt H. (San Jose, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Phoenix, AZ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Effects of powder feeding rate on interaction between laser beam and powder streamin laser cladding process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theoretical model was presented to calculate the laser intensity distribution and the particle temperatures at different sites of the workpiece in the laser cladding process. By using this model, the ... effect...

Huang Yan-lu; Li Jian-guo; Liang Gong-ying…

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Apparatus for nuclear transmutation and power production using an intense accelerator-generated thermal neutron flux  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for nuclear transmutation and power production using an intense accelerator-generated thermal neutron flux. High thermal neutron fluxes generated from the action of a high power proton accelerator on a spallation target allows the efficient burn-up of higher actinide nuclear waste by a two-step process. Additionally, rapid burn-up of fission product waste for nuclides having small thermal neutron cross sections, and the practicality of small material inventories while achieving significant throughput derive from employment of such high fluxes. Several nuclear technology problems are addressed including 1. nuclear energy production without a waste stream requiring storage on a geological timescale, 2. the burn-up of defense and commercial nuclear waste, and 3. the production of defense nuclear material. The apparatus includes an accelerator, a target for neutron production surrounded by a blanket region for transmutation, a turbine for electric power production, and a chemical processing facility. In all applications, the accelerator power may be generated internally from fission and the waste produced thereby is transmuted internally so that waste management might not be required beyond the human lifespan.

Bowman, C.D.

1992-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

339

ARM - VAP Process - aip  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Productsaip Productsaip Documentation & Plots Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Aerosol Intensive Properties (AIP) Instrument Categories Aerosols The aip1ogren value-added product (VAP) computes several aerosol intensive properties. It requires as input calibrated, corrected, aerosol extensive properties from the Aerosol Observing Station (AOS). Aerosol extensive properties depend on both the nature of the aerosol and the amount of the aerosol. Intensive properties are independent of aerosol amount, depending only on the nature of the specific aerosol. The intensive properties of hygroscopic growth factor, aerosol single-scattering albedo,

340

Unique capabilities of an intense heavy ion beam as a tool for equation-of-state studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intense heavy ion beams open new possibilities in high-energy-density matter research. Due to the unique feature of the energy deposition process of heavy ions in dense matter (volume character of heating) it is possible to generate high entropy states in matter without the necessity of shock compression. Previously such high entropy states could only be achieved by using the most powerful shock wave generators like nuclear explosions or powerful lasers. In this paper this novel technique of heavy ion heating and expansion is proposed to explore new fascinating regions of the phase diagram including the liquid phase the evaporation region with the critical point and strongly coupled plasmas.

D. H. H. Hoffmann; V. E. Fortov; I. V. Lomonosov; V. Mintsev; N. A. Tahir; D. Varentsov; J. Wieser

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Intense pseudotransport of a cationic drug mediated by vacuolar ATPase: Procainamide-induced autophagic cell vacuolization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cationic drugs frequently exhibit large apparent volumes of distribution, consistent with various forms of cellular sequestration. The contributions of organelles and metabolic processes that may mimic drug transport were defined in human vascular smooth muscle cells. We hypothesized that procainamide-induced vacuolar cytopathology is driven by intense pseudotransport mediated by the vacuolar (V)-ATPase and pursued the characterization of vesicular trafficking alterations in this model. Large amounts of procainamide were taken up by intact cells (maximal in 2 h, reversible upon washout, apparent K{sub M} 4.69 mM; fluorometric determination of cell-associated drug). Procainamide uptake was extensively prevented or reversed by pharmacological inhibition of the V-ATPase with bafilomycin A1 or FR 167356, decreased at low extracellular pH and preceded vacuolar cell morphology. However, the uptake of procainamide was unaffected by mitochondrial poisons that reduced the uptake of rhodamine 6G. Large vacuoles induced by millimolar procainamide were labeled with the late endosome/lysosome markers Rab7 and CD63 and the autophagy effector LC3; their osmotic formation (but not procainamide uptake) was reduced by extracellular mannitol and parallel to LC3 II formation. Procainamide-induced vacuolization is associated with defective endocytosis of fluorophore-labeled bovine serum albumin, but not with induction of the unfolded protein response. The contents of a vacuole subset slowly ({>=} 24 h) become positive for Nile red staining (phospholipidosis-like response). V-ATPase-driven ion trapping is a form of intense cation pseudotransport that concerns the uncharged form of the drugs, and is associated with a vacuolar, autophagic and evolutive cytopathology and profound effects on vesicular trafficking.

Morissette, Guillaume [Centre de recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada); Centre de recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada); Lodge, Robert [Centre de recherche en Infectiologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada); Marceau, Francois [Centre de recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada); Centre de recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada)], E-mail: francois.marceau@crchul.ulaval.ca

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Total Absorption Gamma-ray Spectrometer (TAGS) Intensity Distributions from INL's Gamma-Ray Spectrometry Center  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

A 252Cf fission-product source and the INL on-line isotope separator were used to supply isotope-separated fission-product nuclides to a total absorption -ray spectrometer. This spectrometer consisted of a large (25.4-cm diameter x 30.5-cm long) NaI(Tl) detector with a 20.3-cm deep axial well in which is placed a 300-mm2 x 1.0-mm Si detector. The spectra from the NaI(Tl) detector are collected both in the singles mode and in coincidence with the B-events detected in the Si detector. Ideally, this detector would sum all the energy of the B- rays in each cascade following the population of daughter level by B- decay, so that the event could be directly associated with a particular daughter level. However, there are losses of energy from attenuation of the rays before they reach the detector, transmission of rays through the detector, escape of secondary photons from Compton scattering, escape of rays through the detector well, internal conversion, etc., and the measured spectra are thus more complicated than the ideal case and the analysis is more complex. Analysis methods have been developed to simulate all of these processes and thus provide a direct measure of the B- intensity distribution as a function of the excitation energy in the daughter nucleus. These data yield more accurate information on the B- distribution than conventional decay-scheme studies for complex decay schemes with large decay energies, because in the latter there are generally many unobserved and observed but unplaced rays. The TAGS data have been analyzed and published [R. E. Greenwood et al., Nucl Instr. and metho. A390(1997)] for 40 fission product-nuclides to determine the B- intensity distributions. [Copied from the TAGS page at http://www.inl.gov/gammaray/spectrometry/tags.shtml]. Those values are listed on this page for quick reference.

Greenwood, R.E.

343

Intensity-Value Corrections for Integrating Sphere Measurements of Solid Samples Measured behind Glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate and calibrated directional-hemispherical reflectance spectra of solids are important for both in situ and remote sensing. Many solids are in the form of powders or granules and in order to measure their diffuse reflectance spectra in the laboratory, it is often necessary to place the samples behind a transparent medium such as glass for the UV, visible or near-infrared spectral regions. Using both experimental and theoretical methods we have found that the glass (fused quartz in our case) leads to artifacts in the reflectance values. We report for the first time that the measured reflectance intensity values, for both hemispherical and diffuse reflectance, are distorted by the additional reflectances arising at the air-quartz and sample-quartz interfaces. The values are dependent on the sample reflectance and are vertically shifted with intensity offsets in the hemispherical case leading to measured values up to ?6% too high for a 2% reflectance surface, ?3.8% too high for 10% reflecting materials, approximately correct for 40%- to 60%-diffuse reflecting surfaces, and ?1.5% too low for 99% reflecting Spectralon surfaces. For the case of diffuse-only reflectance, the measured values are uniformly too low due to the polished glass, with differences of nearly 6% for 99%-reflecting matte surfaces. The deviations arise from the added reflections from the quartz surfaces as verified by both theory and experiment, and have some dependence on sphere design. Empirical correction factors were implemented into post-processing software to redress the artifact for hemispherical and diffuse reflectance data across the 300 to 2300 nm range.

Johnson, Timothy J.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Redding, Rebecca L.; Su, Yin-Fong; Brauer, Carolyn S.; Myers, Tanya L.; Stephan, Eric G.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The relationship between energy intensity and income levels: Forecasting long term energy demand in Asian emerging countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper analyzes long-term trends in energy intensity for ten Asian emerging countries to test for a non-monotonic relationship between energy intensity and income in the author's sample. Energy demand functions are estimated during 1973--1990 using a quadratic function of log income. The long-run coefficient on squared income is found to be negative and significant, indicating a change in trend of energy intensity. The estimates are then used to evaluate a medium-term forecast of energy demand in the Asian countries, using both a log-linear and a quadratic model. It is found that in medium to high income countries the quadratic model performs better than the log-linear, with an average error of 9% against 43% in 1995. For the region as a whole, the quadratic model appears more adequate with a forecast error of 16% against 28% in 1995. These results are consistent with a process of dematerialization, which occurs as a result of a reduction of resource use per unit of GDP once an economy passes some threshold level of GDP per capita.

Galli, R. (Birkbeck Coll., London (United Kingdom) Univ. della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano (Switzerland). Facolta di Scienze Economiche)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Extensible packet processing architecture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A technique for distributed packet processing includes sequentially passing packets associated with packet flows between a plurality of processing engines along a flow through data bus linking the plurality of processing engines in series. At least one packet within a given packet flow is marked by a given processing engine to signify by the given processing engine to the other processing engines that the given processing engine has claimed the given packet flow for processing. A processing function is applied to each of the packet flows within the processing engines and the processed packets are output on a time-shared, arbitered data bus coupled to the plurality of processing engines.

Robertson, Perry J.; Hamlet, Jason R.; Pierson, Lyndon G.; Olsberg, Ronald R.; Chun, Guy D.

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

346

Table 22. Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual Projected  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu / real GDP in billion 2005 chained dollars) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 11.2 11.1 11.0 10.8 10.7 10.5 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 AEO 1995 10.9 10.8 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.0 AEO 1996 10.7 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.0 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 AEO 1997 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 AEO 1998 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.0 AEO 1999 9.6 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.6 8.5 AEO 2000 9.4 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.4 AEO 2001 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.4

347

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

committed to reduce its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit ofcommitted to reduce its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit of2 emissions, and the 40-45% carbon intensity reduction goals

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23 5. Comparison of Energy Intensity of Iron and Steelthe U.S. . 27 5.1. Energy Intensity of Iron and27 5.2. Energy Intensity of Iron and Steel Production in

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Contributions of weather and fuel mix to recent declines in U.S. energy and carbon intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the decrease in energy intensity during the study period,trends in U. S. energy intensity: An index number analysis,industry structure and energy intensity, Energy Economics

Davis, W. Bart; Sanstad, Alan H.; Koomey, Jonathan G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Contributions of weather and fuel mix to recent declines in U.S. energy and carbon intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a lower energy-and-carbon-intensive mix of economicintensity into fuel mix and energy intensity terms. Thisof fuel mix and weather on energy and carbon intensity using

Davis, W. Bart; Sanstad, Alan H.; Koomey, Jonathan G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Solar?energy conversion at high solar intensities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concentration of sunlight offers distinct advantages for solar–electrical generation either by thermal conversion or by photovoltaics. A large variety of concentration techniques are available with concentration ratios of 1–1000. Concentration is required for thermal conversion systems to attain the high temperatures needed for efficiencies in the desired range of about 25%–35%. The projected costs for some of the solar thermal systems (especially the central receiver and the fixed mirror) indicate that they could be economically competitive in the southwestern states. The southwest may be required for these high?concentration systems to overcome the main disadvantage of concentration which is the use of the direct component of sunlight only. Other concerns of high?intensity systems are in tracking requirements reflective surface accuracy and material lifetimes of both the reflecting and absorbing components. Selective surface absorbers will be required for systems with concentration ratios below a few hundred. The present high cost of solar?cell?generated electricity can be reduced considerably by using concentrators. Cells can be used with any of the concentrator designs and the major concern is keeping them at acceptable operating temperatures. Planar silicon cells vertical multijunction and gallium–aluminum–arsenide cells all look attractive for concentrating systems.

Charles E. Backus

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Atomic data and spectral line intensities for Ni XVII  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron impact collision strengths, energy levels, oscillator strengths, and spontaneous radiative decay rates are calculated for Ni XVII. We include in the calculations the 23 lowest configurations, corresponding to 159 fine-structure levels: 3l3l', 3l4l'', and 3s5l''', with l, l' = s, p, d, l'' = s, p, d, f, and l''' = s, p, d. Collision strengths are calculated at five incident energies for all transitions at varying energies above the threshold of each transition. One additional energy, very close to the threshold of each transition, has also been included. Calculations have been carried out using the Flexible Atomic Code in the distorted wave approximation. Additional calculations have been performed with the University College London suite of codes for comparison. Excitation rate coefficients are calculated as a function of electron temperature by assuming a Maxwellian electron velocity distribution. Using the excitation rate coefficients and the radiative transition rates of the present work, statistical equilibrium equations for level populations are solved at electron densities covering the range of 10{sup 8} - 10{sup 14} cm{sup -3} and at an electron temperature of log T{sub e}(K) = 6.5, corresponding to the maximum abundance of Ni XVII. Spectral line intensities are calculated, and their diagnostic relevance is discussed. This dataset will be made available in the next version of the CHIANTI database.

Bhatia, A.K. [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Landi, E., E-mail: elandi@umich.ed [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Relations among Intensity, Time, and Temporary Threshold Shift  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of a series of studies using normal ears on the effects of broad?band noise (equal energy in all octave bands from 75 to 10 000 cps) can be summarized by the equation TTS ?=?1.06R(S?85)?( log 10 ?T/1.7)?(1–0.37? log 10 ?t/2) where TTS is the threshold shift at 4000 cps in db t minutes after cessation of a T?minute exposure to the noise;S is the sound?pressure level of the noise and R is the fraction of time that the noise is on. This equation is shown to hold for 05 min t>2 min and all values of R provided that the noise pulses are 1 sec to 1 min long. Thus the relation between intensity and duration for constant TTS is much more complicated than predicted by the equation IT = K of classical psychophysics or the I 2 T = k recently suggested although both are approximately true in particular regions. Furthermore it is evident that a noise on only part of the time is much less dangerous than one on continuously. (This research was supported in part by a grant from the National Institutes of Health.)

W. D. Ward; A. Glorig; D. L. Sklar

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The MERcury Intense Target Experiment or nTOF11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solenoid & Hg loop Upstream beam elements (new) Quadrupoles for final focusing Collimator Beam profile for "heavy" installation during working hours three are scheduled during PS MD times on weeks 22-24 ; two load Process control implemented Remote operation from control room tested Interlock with solenoid

McDonald, Kirk

355

CBR for Advice Giving in a Data-Intensive Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oil well drilling logs are continuously monitored, interpreted, and used to check if previous are developing a system that will assist oil well personnel during drilling operations in improving the quality and efficiency of the drilling process. This development is part of a cooperation with the Norwegian oil company

Aamodt, Agnar

356

Origin of the intensity deficit in neutron Compton scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron Compton scattering measurements in a variety of materials have shown a relative deficit in the total signal from hydrogen compared to deuterium and heavier ions. We show here that a breakdown in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation in the final states of the scattering process leads to such a deficit and may be responsible for the effect.

Reiter, G.F.; Platzman, P.M. [Physics Department, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-5506 (United States); Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974-0636 (United States)

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

A Discrete-Time Scheduling Model for Continuous Power-intensive Process Networks with Various Electricity Contracts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), Department of Chemical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University Arul Sundaramoorthy, Jose M. Pinto Praxair

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

358

Possibilities for Nuclear Photo-Science with Intense Lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interaction of intense laser light with relativistic electrons can produce unique sources of high-energy x rays and gamma rays via Thomson scattering. ''Thomson-Radiated Extreme X-ray'' (T-REX) sources with peak photon brightness (photons per unit time per unit bandwidth per unit solid angle per unit area) that exceed that available from world's largest synchrotrons by more than 15 orders of magnitude are possible from optimally designed systems. Such sources offer the potential for development of ''nuclear photo-science'' applications in which the primary photon-atom interaction is with the nucleons and not the valence electrons. Applications include isotope-specific detection and imaging of materials, inverse density radiography, transmutation of nuclear waste and fundamental studies of nuclear structure. Because Thomson scattering cross sections are small, < 1 barn, the output from a T-REX source is optimized when the laser spot size and the electron spot size are minimized and when the electron and laser pulse durations are similar and short compared to the transit time through the focal region. The principle limitation to increased x-ray or gamma-ray brightness is ability to focus the electron beam. The effects of space charge on electron beam focus decrease approximately linearly with electron beam energy. For this reason, T-REX brightness increases rapidly as a function of the electron beam energy. As illustrated in Figure 1, above 100 keV these sources are unique in their ability to produce bright, narrow-beam, tunable, narrow-band gamma rays. New, intense, short-pulse, laser technologies for advanced T-REX sources are currently being developed at LLNL. The construction of a {approx}1 MeV-class machine with this technology is underway and will be used to excite nuclear resonance fluorescence in variety of materials. Nuclear resonance fluorescent spectra are unique signatures of each isotope and provide an ideal mechanism for identification of nuclear materials. With TREX it is possible to use NRF to provide high spatial resolution (micron scale) images of the isotopic distribution of all materials in a given object. Because of the high energy of the photons, imaging through dense and/or thick objects is possible. This technology will have applicability in many arenas including the survey of cargo for the presence of clandestine nuclear materials. It is also possible to address the more general radiographic challenge of imaging low-density objects that are shielded or placed behind high density objects. In this case, it is the NRF cross section and not the electron density of the material that provides contrast. Extensions of T-REX technology will be dependent upon the evolution of short pulse laser technology to high average powers. Concepts for sources that would produce 10's of kWs of gamma-rays by utilizing MW-class average-power, diode-pumped, short pulse lasers and energy recovery LINAC technology have been developed.

Barty, C J; Hartemann, F V; McNabb, D P; Messerly, M; Siders, C; Anderson, S; Barnes, P; Betts, S; Gibson, D; Hagmann, C; Hernandez, J; Johnson, M; Jovanovic, I; Norman, R; Pruet, J; Rosenswieg, J; Shverdin, M; Tremaine, A

2006-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

359

Waste Processing | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Processing Waste Processing Workers process and repackage waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Centers Cask Processing Enclosure. Workers process and repackage waste at...

360

Atomic data and spectral line intensities for Ni XI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron impact collision strengths, energy levels, oscillator strengths, and spontaneous radiative decay rates are calculated for Ni XI. We include in the calculations the 12 lowest configurations, corresponding to 180 fine-structure levels: 3s{sup 2}3p{sup 6}, s{sup 2}3p{sup 5}3d, 3s{sup 2}3p{sup 4}3d{sup 2}, 3s3p{sup 6}3d, 3s{sup 2}3p{sup 5}4l, and 3s3p{sup 6}4l with l = s, p, d, f. Collision strengths are calculated at five incident energies for all transitions: 7.45, 17.6, 31.4, 50.1, and 75.2 Ry above the threshold of each transition. An additional energy, very close to the transition threshold, has been added, whose value is between 0.0007 Ry and 0.25 Ry depending on the levels involved. Calculations have been carried out using the Flexible Atomic Code. The scattering problem is solved in the distorted wave approximation. Excitation rate coefficients are calculated as a function of electron temperature by assuming a Maxwellian electron velocity distribution. Using the excitation rate coefficients and the radiative transition rates of the present work, combined with close coupling collision excitation rate coefficients available in the literature for the lowest 17 levels, statistical equilibrium equations for level populations are solved at electron densities covering the range of 10{sup 8}-10{sup 14} cm{sup -3} and at an electron temperature of logT{sub e}K=6.1, corresponding to the maximum abundance of Ni XI. Spectral line intensities are calculated, and their diagnostic relevance is discussed. This dataset will be made available in the next version of the CHIANTI database.

Bhatia, A.K. [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Landi, E., E-mail: Landi@nrl.navy.mi [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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361

Atomic data and spectral line intensities for Ni XV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron impact collision strengths, energy levels, oscillator strengths, and spontaneous radiative decay rates are calculated for Ni XV. We include in the calculations the 9 lowest configurations, corresponding to 126 fine structure levels: 3s{sup 2} 3p{sup 2}, 3s3p{sup 3}, 3s{sup 2} 3p3d, 3p{sup 4}, 3s3p{sup 2} 3d, and 3s{sup 2} 3p4l with l=,s,p,d,f. Collision strengths are calculated at five incident energies for all transitions: 7.8, 18.5, 33.5, 53.5, and 80.2 Ry above the threshold of each transition. An additional energy, very close to the transition threshold, has been added, whose value is between 0.004 and 0.28 Ry depending on the levels involved. Calculations have been carried out using the Flexible Atomic Code and the distorted-wave approximation. Excitation rate coefficients are calculated as a function of electron temperature by assuming a Maxwellian electron velocity distribution. Using the excitation rate coefficients and the radiative transition rates calculated in the present work, statistical equilibrium equations for level populations are solved at electron densities covering the 10{sup 8}-10{sup 14} cm{sup -3} range and at an electron temperature of logT{sub e}(K)=6.4, corresponding to the maximum abundance of Ni XV. Spectral line intensities are calculated, and their diagnostic relevance is discussed. This dataset will be made available in the next version of the CHIANTI database.

Landi, E., E-mail: elandi@umich.edu [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Bhatia, A.K. [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy With Dose Painting to Treat Rhabdomyosarcoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To examine local control and patterns of failure in rhabdomyosarcoma patients treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy (RT) with dose painting (DP-IMRT). Patients and Methods: A total of 41 patients underwent DP-IMRT with chemotherapy for definitive treatment. Nineteen also underwent surgery with or without intraoperative RT. Fifty-six percent had alveolar histologic features. The median interval from beginning chemotherapy to RT was 17 weeks (range, 4-25). Very young children who underwent second-look procedures with or without intraoperative RT received reduced doses of 24-36 Gy in 1.4-1.8-Gy fractions. Young adults received 50.4 Gy to the primary tumor and lower doses of 36 Gy in 1.8-Gy fractions to at-risk lymph node chains. Results: With 22 months of median follow-up, the actuarial local control rate was 90%. Patients aged {<=}7 years who received reduced overall and fractional doses had 100% local control, and young adults had 79% (P=.07) local control. Three local failures were identified in young adults whose primary target volumes had received 50.4 Gy in 1.8-Gy fractions. Conclusions: DP-IMRT with lower fractional and cumulative doses is feasible for very young children after second-look procedures with or without intraoperative RT. DP-IMRT is also feasible in adolescents and young adults with aggressive disease who would benefit from prophylactic RT to high-risk lymph node chains, although dose escalation might be warranted for improved local control. With limited follow-up, it appears that DP-IMRT produces local control rates comparable to those of sequential IMRT in patients with rhabdomyosarcoma.

Yang, Joanna C.; Dharmarajan, Kavita V. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Wexler, Leonard H. [Department of Pediatrics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Pediatrics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); La Quaglia, Michael P. [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Happersett, Laura [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Wolden, Suzanne L., E-mail: woldens@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Energy end-use intensities in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines energy intensities in commercial buildings for nine end uses: space heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, water heating, cooking, refrigeration, office equipment, and other. The objective of this analysis was to increase understanding of how energy is used in commercial buildings and to identify targets for greater energy efficiency which could moderate future growth in demand. The source of data for the analysis is the 1989 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption survey (CBECS), which collected detailed data on energy-related characteristics and energy consumption for a nationally representative sample of approximately 6,000 commercial buildings. The analysis used 1989 CBECS data because the 1992 CBECS data were not yet available at the time the study was initiated. The CBECS data were fed into the Facility Energy Decision Screening (FEDS) system, a building energy simulation program developed by the US Department of Energy`s Pacific Northwest Laboratory, to derive engineering estimates of end-use consumption for each building in the sample. The FEDS estimates were then statistically adjusted to match the total energy consumption for each building. This is the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) first report on energy end-use consumption in commercial buildings. This report is part of an effort to address customer requests for more information on how energy is used in buildings, which was an overall theme of the 1992 user needs study. The end-use data presented in this report were not available for publication in Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1989 (DOE/EIA-0318(89), Washington, DC, April 1992). However, subsequent reports on end-use energy consumption will be part of the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures series, beginning with a 1992 data report to be published in early 1995.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Broadband colored-crescent generation in a single {beta}-barium-borate crystal by intense femtosecond pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A visible colored crescent with a bandwidth broader than 220 nm is observed experimentally by loosely focused femtosecond pulses in a bulk quadratic nonlinear crystal ({beta}-BBO crystal) at certain incident angles. Through the analysis based on a simple collinear phase-matching model, we suggest that the colored crescent might be the coexistence of spontaneous parametric down-conversions (SPDCs) in the infrared range and the corresponding efficient second-order harmonic generations (SHGs) that occur in a wide spectrum. We further provide a possible mechanism for the SHG process in which the phase-mismatching angles of the frequency doubling of SPDCs in {beta}-BBO crystal are assumed to be compensated by the strong diffraction effect during the self-focusing process of the generated intense SPDC signals.

Wang, L.; Fan, Y. X.; Zhu, H.; Yan, Z. D.; Zhu, S. N.; Wang, Z. L. [Department of Physics and National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, 210093 Nanjing (China); Zeng, H. [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, 200062 Shanghai (China); Wang, H.-T. [Department of Physics and National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, 210093 Nanjing (China); School of Physics, Nankai University, 300071 Tianjin (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release)-Energy Intensity Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Intensity Intensity Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release) Energy Intensity Figure 7. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1980-2030 (index, 1980 = 1). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Energy intensity, measured as energy use (in thousand Btu) per dollar of GDP (in 2000 dollars), is projected to decline at an average annual rate of 1.6 percent from 2006 to 2030 in the AEO2008 reference case (Figure 7). Although energy use generally increases as the economy grows, continuing improvement in the energy efficiency of the U.S. economy and a shift to less energy-intensive activities are projected to keep the rate of energy consumption growth lower than the rate of GDP growth. Since 1992, the energy intensity of the U.S. economy has declined on

366

Experiments at the Intensity Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Facility Ops Experiments at the Energy Frontier Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier Projects, Missions, and Status HEP User Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Facilities Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The Intensity Frontier, accessed with a combination of intense particle beams and highly sensitive detectors, offers a second, unique investigation

367

7 -ATOMIC PROCESSES Atomic processes can be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 7 - ATOMIC PROCESSES Atomic processes can be: 1. Scattering 2. Absorption/Thermal Emission scattering, although the results won't change much when this condition is relaxed. #12;2 Absorption/Thermal Emission Free-free (continuum) ("Bremsstrahlung") Emission/Absorption Bound-Bound & Bound-Free Processes

Sitko, Michael L.

368

EEO Complaint Process EEO Complaint Process INFORMAL PROCESS-COUNSELING  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Complaint Process Complaint Process EEO Complaint Process INFORMAL PROCESS-COUNSELING National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Civil Rights Equal Employment Opportunity: Collaborating For Mission Success EEO POLICY The Department of Energy (DOE) does not discriminate on the basis of age, color, race, disability (physical or mental), national origin, reprisal, religion, sex (including sexual harassment), sexual orientation, genetic information or any other non-merit factor. DOE is committed to equal employment opportunity principles and practices in all management decisions and personnel practices. The Department is committed to providing equal employment opportunity; eliminating discrimination in employment; and maintaining an environment that

369

New extraction-based re-refining process saves money  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel re-refining process uses solvent extraction and distillation to process used oil at lower cost and much smaller volumes than existing technology will allow. Current technology typically requires minimum processing volumes of 40,000 gpd for economically viable operation. The new process, developed by Interline Resources Corp., Alpine, Utah, can operate economically on volumes as small as 5,000 gpd. The new process has eliminated the need for thin-film evaporators, as well as the very expensive hydrofinishing step. The elimination of this capital-intensive equipment is made possible by the patented Mellon Process. In this process, the water, additives, and solids are removed at ambient conditions, thus allowing the resulting oil to be handled in traditional distillation equipment. The paper describes the process, yields, costs, and operating experience of the commercial-scale re-refinery at Draper, Utah.

Not Available

1994-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

370

Dopant induced ignition of helium nanodroplets in intense few-cycle laser pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate ultrafast resonant energy absorption of rare-gas doped He nanodroplets from intense few-cycle (~10 fs) laser pulses. We find that less than 10 dopant atoms "ignite" the droplet to generate a non-spherical electronic nanoplasma resulting ultimately in complete ionization and disintegration of all atoms, although the pristine He droplet is transparent for the laser intensities applied. Our calculations at those intensities reveal that the minimal pulse length required for ignition is about 9 fs.

Krishnan, S R; Kremer, M; Sharma, V; Fischer, B; Camus, N; Jha, J; Krishnamurthy, M; Pfeifer, T; Moshammer, R; Ullrich, J; Stienkemeier, F; Mudrich, M; Mikaberidze, A; Saalmann, U; Rost, J -M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

E-Print Network 3.0 - abscess requiring intensive Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intensive Care Units. This step requires that all... , be sensitive enough to detect small variations in the occurrence rate and should not require too much effort... then be...

372

The Science DMZ: A Network Design Pattern for Data-Intensive Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

light source with a science dmz. http://www.globusworld.org/The Science DMZ: A Network DesignPattern for Data-Intensive Science Eli Dart Lauren Rotman

Rotman, Lauren

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Practices, Trends, and Recommendations in Technical Appendix Usage for Selected Data-Intensive Disciplines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IN TECHNICAL APPENDIX USAGE FOR SELECTED DATA?INTENSIVEIN TECHNICAL APPENDIX USAGE FOR SELECTED DATA?INTENSIVEIN TECHNICAL APPENDIX USAGE FOR SELECTED DATA?INTENSIVE

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Improved Heat Transfer and Performance of High Intensity Combustion Systems for Reformer Furnace Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the above premise. The application of vortex stabilized high intensity burners for reformer furnaces in the petrochemical industry is then reviewed and emphasized....

Williams, F. D. M.; Kondratas, H. M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult intensive care Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Medical Center Program Summary: in the adult surgical intensive care units at Harper Hospital (approx 20 beds, focused on general surgery... Adult Surgical Critical Care...

376

High-frequency intensity noise of lead-salt diode lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The high-frequency intensity noise spectra of mid-infrared diode lasers have been investigated. Theoretical estimates are compared with experimental results of spectral noise...

Fischer, H; Tacke, M

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

E-Print Network 3.0 - argonne intense pulsed Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

laboratory with both types of facilities: the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) for neutron scattering... Argonne Update 1 Hardest, strongest materials combined UPDATE The...

378

An Analysis of Residential Energy Intensity in Iran, A System Dynamics Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: substantial development of counties needs to use the resources in an efficient way. One indicator that shows the degree of efficient use of energy resources is energy intensity. Statistics show that Iran’s energy intensity was in a bad situation during past years and if this manner of using energy resources continues, it will get worse.In this study a system dynamics approach is used to model changes of energy intensity in residential sector in Iran. By implementation and simulation of this model we found some reasons of this problem in Iran. Then we tried to introduce some policies to make steady improvement in energy intensity in the future. Keywords:

Mohamed M. Jamshidi

379

Incoherent-light temporal stretching of high-speed intensity waveforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose and demonstrate experimentally the first incoherent-light scheme for temporal imaging (magnification) of intensity waveforms. The scheme is based on a time-domain equivalent...

Li, Bo; Azaña, José

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Specific features of microheterogeneous plasma produced by irradiation of a polymer aerogel target with an intense 500-ps-long laser pulse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of microheterogeneous plasma produced by irradiation of a polymer aerogel target with an intense (10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 3}) short (0.5 ps) 1.064-?m laser pulse were studied. It is found that, even at plasma densities exceeding the critical density, a small fraction of the incident laser radiation penetrates through the plasma in which the processes of density and temperature equalization still take place. The intensification (as compared to plasmas produced from denser foams and solid films) of transport processes in such plasma along and across the laser beam can be caused by the initial microheterogeneity of the solid target. The replacement of a small (10% by mass) part of the polymer with copper nanoparticles leads to a nearly twofold increase in the intensity of the plasma X-ray emission.

Borisenko, N. G.; Merkul’ev, Yu. A.; Orekhov, A. S., E-mail: orekhov@sci.lebedev.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation); Chaurasia, S.; Tripathi, S.; Munda, D. S.; Dhareshwar, L. J. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, High-Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division (India)] [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, High-Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division (India); Pimenov, V. G.; Sheveleva, E. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Zelinksy Institute of Organic Chemistry (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Zelinksy Institute of Organic Chemistry (Russian Federation)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Process Development for Nanostructured Photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photovoltaic manufacturing is an emerging industry that promises a carbon-free, nearly limitless source of energy for our nation. However, the high-temperature manufacturing processes used for conventional silicon-based photovoltaics are extremely energy-intensive and expensive. This high cost imposes a critical barrier to the widespread implementation of photovoltaic technology. Argonne National Laboratory and its partners recently invented new methods for manufacturing nanostructured photovoltaic devices that allow dramatic savings in materials, process energy, and cost. These methods are based on atomic layer deposition, a thin film synthesis technique that has been commercialized for the mass production of semiconductor microelectronics. The goal of this project was to develop these low-cost fabrication methods for the high efficiency production of nanostructured photovoltaics, and to demonstrate these methods in solar cell manufacturing. We achieved this goal in two ways: 1) we demonstrated the benefits of these coatings in the laboratory by scaling-up the fabrication of low-cost dye sensitized solar cells; 2) we used our coating technology to reduce the manufacturing cost of solar cells under development by our industrial partners.

Elam, Jeffrey W.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molecular N{sub 2} fluorescence excited by laser filaments formed from laser pulses at 400 and 800 nm propagating in air is investigated. A comparison showed that, when excited with 400 nm photons, the fluorescence from the first negative band of N{sub 2}{sup +} was enhanced by a factor of 6.4 while that of the second positive band of neutral N{sub 2} remained relatively constant. The enhanced N{sub 2}{sup +} signal is attributed to a more efficient inner-shell multiphoton process (to the B{sup 2{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} state) at 400 nm leaving a larger population of N{sub 2}{sup +} ions in the excited state. On the other hand, the stable fluorescence from neutral N{sub 2} is due to the fact that the plasma density is more or less the same at both wavelengths. Using these results, a theoretical model is developed to determine the clamped intensities of the laser filaments at 400 and 800 nm.

Daigle, J.-F.; Hosseini, S.; Wang, T.-J.; Kamali, Y.; Chin, S. L. [Centre d'Optique, Photonique et Laser (COPL) and Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1V 0A6 (Canada); Jaron-Becker, A.; Becker, A. [JILA and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States); Roy, G. [Defence Research and Development Canada-Valcartier, 2459 Pie-XI Boulevard North, Quebec, Quebec G3J 1X5 (Canada)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Energy input, carbon intensity and cost for ethanol produced from farmed seaweed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Macroalgae, commonly known as seaweed, has received significant interest as a potential source of ethanol because of its fast growth, significant sugar content and successful lab-scale conversion to ethanol. Issues such as energy input in seaweed conversion, lifecycle emissions, global production potential and cost have received limited attention. To address this gap, a well-to-tank model of ethanol production from brown seaweed is developed and applied to the case of ethanol production from Saccharina latissima in British Columbia, Canada. Animal feed is proposed as a co-product and co-product credits are estimated. In the case considered, seaweed ethanol is found to have an energy return on invested (EROI) of 1.7 and a carbon intensity (CI) of 10.8 gCO2e MJ?1. Ethanol production from conventionally farmed seaweed could cost less than conventional ethanol and be produced on a scale comparable to 1% of global gasoline production. A drying system is required in regions such as British Columbia that require seasonal seaweed storage due to a limited harvest season. The results are significantly influenced by variations in animal feed processing energy, co-product credit value, seaweed composition, the value of seaweed animal feed and the cost of seaweed farming. We find EROI ranges from 0.64 to 26.7, CI from 33 to ?41 gCO2e MJ?1 and ethanol production is not financially viable without animal feed production in some scenarios.

Aaron Philippsen; Peter Wild; Andrew Rowe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Collisionless absorption, hot electron generation, and energy scaling in intense laser-target interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Among the various attempts to understand collisionless absorption of intense ultrashort laser pulses a variety of models has been invented to describe the laser beam target interaction. In terms of basic physics collisionless absorption is understood now as the interplay of the oscillating laser field with the space charge field produced in the plasma. A first approach to this idea is realized in Brunel's model the essence of which consists in the formation of an oscillating charge cloud in the vacuum in front of the target. The investigation of statistical ensembles of orbits shows that the absorption process is localized at the ion-vacuum interface and in the skin layer: Single electrons enter into resonance with the laser field thereby undergoing a phase shift which causes orbit crossing and braking of Brunel's laminar flow. This anharmonic resonance acts like an attractor for the electrons and leads to the formation of a Maxwellian tail in the electron energy spectrum. Most remarkable results of our inves...

Liseykina, T; Murakami, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Second law analysis of industrial processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An extensive industrial energy data base has been developed at the four-digit and sub four-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) level. The information includes typical process configurations (processes), energy and material flow rates, and temperatures for up to 25 separate unit operations in over 100 industrial processes. These processes represent the top 60 energy industries in the United States, and account for 75% of the industrial manufacturing energy consumption in this country. A thermodynamic availability analysis is presently being constructed using this data base to investigate industrial energy utilization. An approach has been developed to determine thermodynamic losses and second law analyses for the industrial processes and for the more than 50 generic classes of unit operations. Applications using this data base enable systematic investigations to be performed on most energy intensive industrial processes, and allow the overall effectiveness of industrial energy utilization to be gauged. Illustrative examples of this methodology and preliminary results for specific industrial processes will be presented in this paper. The application of thermodynamic availability and second law analysis will be assessed in both unit operations and in larger industrial sectors.

Bruce A. Hedman; Harry L. Brown; Bernard B. Hamel

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Commentary on industrial processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...crucial for an industrial process, namely: catalyst activity...of catalysis to industrial processes. The papers, however, do...at the heart of successful commercialization of catalytic science and technology...addressed in any industrial process, namely: activity-the...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Desalination processes and performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Different desalination processes are evaluated for feed, capacity, performance, energy requirements, and cost. These include distillation, reverse osmosis, or electrodialysis. Detailed information is given on distillation processes and membrane processes.

Summers, L. J.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Ultlra-intense laser-matter interactions at extreme parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The field of shortpulse lasers has seen rapid growth in the recent years with the three major boundaries of energy, pulse duration and repetition rate being pushed in ever extremer regions. At peak powers, already exceeding 10{sup 22} W/cm{sup 2}, in virtually every experiment in relativistic laser physics, the laser pulse interacts with a more or less extended and heated plasma, due to prepulses and ASE-like pedestals on ps - ns time scales. By developing a new technique for ultrahigh contrast, we were able to initiate the next paradigm shift in relativistic laser-matter interactions, allowing us to interact ultrarelativistic pulses volumetrically with overdense targets. This becomes possible by using target and laser parameters that will turn the target relativistically transparent during the few 10s-100s femtoseconds fo the interaction. Specifically, we interact an ultraintese, ultrahigh contrast pulse with solid density, free standing, nanometer diamond target. This paradigm change towards a volumetric overdense interaction in turn enables new particle acceleration mechanisms for both electrons and ions, as well as forward directed relativistic surface harmonics. We report here on first experiments done on those topics at the 200 TW Trident laser at Los Alamos as well as at the Ti:Sapphire system at MBI. We will compare the experimental data to massive large scale 3D simulations done on the prototype of LANL's new Petafiop supercomputer Roadrunner, which is leading the current top 500 list. Specifically, we developed a shortpulse OPA based pulse cleaning technique. Fielding it at the Trident 200 TW laser at Los Alamos, we were able to improve the pulse contrast by 6 orders of magnitude to better than 2 x 10{sup -12} at less than a ps. This enabled for the first time the interaction of a 100J, 200TW laser pulse with a truly solid target with virtually no expansion before the main pulse - target interaction, making possible the use of very thin targets, The thinnest of these at less than 3nm, i.e. 1/300 of the laser wavelength, are even thinner than the plasma skin depth. This drastically changes the laser-matter interaction physics leading to the emergence of new particle acceleration mechanisms, like Break-Out Afterburner (BOA) Acceleration, driven by a relativistic, kinetic plasma instability or Radiation Pressure Acceleration (RPA), driven by stabilized charge separation. Furthermore, these interactions also produce relativistic high harmonics in forward direction as well as mono-en,ergetic electron pulses which might lend itself as a source for fully coherent Thomson scattering in the mulit-keV regime. In this talk I will present an overview over the laser developments leading to this paradigm change as well as over the theoretical and experimental results following from it. Specifically we were able for the first time to demonstrate BOA acceleration of Carbon ions to up to 0.5 GeV using a laser pulse with {approx}10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2} intensity and showing the scalability of this mechanism into regimes relevant for Hadron Therapy. We were further able to demonstrate mono-energetic electron break-out from ultrathin targets, as a first step towards a flying mirror.

Hegellich, Bjorn M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

389

Silica Scaling Removal Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Silica Scaling Removal Process Silica Scaling Removal Process Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a novel technology to remove both dissolved and colloidal...

390

Sustainable Process Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sustainable Process Chemistry ... Increase energy efficiency ... Implementation of such processes is believed to reduce waste (first principle of Green Chemistry) and increase sustainability. ...

Robert Appell; Dinesh Gala; Yogesh S. Sanghvi

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

391

Floquet–Liouville supermatrix approach. II. Intensity?dependent generalized nonlinear optical susceptibilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a practical n o n p e r t u r b a t i v e method for e x a c t treatment of i n t e n s i t y?d e p e n d e n t generalized nonlinear optical susceptibilities ?(?) in intense polychromatic fields, valid for arbitrary laser intensities...

Chu, Shih-I; Wang, Kwanghsi

1987-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Relationship between SERS Intensity and Both Surface Coverage and Morphology for Pyrazine Adsorbed on a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relationship between SERS Intensity and Both Surface Coverage and Morphology for Pyrazine Adsorbed (SERS) of pyrazine (pz), adsorbed on polycrystalline gold electrodes ("smooth" and rough), on both of the enhancement factor for gold spheres. The SERS intensities from pz adsorbed on an "unroughened" gold electrode

Brolo, Alexandre G.

393

The dynamics of knowledge-intensive sectors' knowledge base: Evidence from Biotechnology and Telecommunications1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Telecommunications1 Jackie Kraffta , Francesco Quatraroa,b , Pier Paolo Saviottic a) University of Nice Sophia for the knowledge base and its evolution in two knowledge intensive sectors: biotechnology and telecommunications and telecommunications, two knowledge intensive sectors. Extending the recombinant knowledge theoretical framework

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

394

Engineering of Software-Intensive Systems: State of the Art and Research Challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Software-intensive systems become more and more important in our everyday lives. But their increasing complexity makes it difficult to develop and maintain them. This chapter gives an overview of the state of the art of building software-intensive systems ...

Matthias Hölzl; Axel Rauschmayer; Martin Wirsing

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Intensity and the Global Climate Change Initiative (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On February 14, 2002, President Bush announced the Administrations Global Climate Change Initiative. A key goal of the Climate Change Initiative is to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas intensity by 18% over the 2002 to 2012 time frame. For the purposes of the initiative, greenhouse gas intensity is defined as the ratio of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions to economic output.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Issues and R&D Required for the Intensity Frontier Accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Operation, upgrade and development of accelerators for Intensity Frontier face formidable challenges in order to satisfy both the near-term and long-term Particle Physics program. Here we discuss key issues and R&D required for the Intensity Frontier accelerators.

Shiltsev, V.; Henderson, S.; Hurh, P.; Kourbanis, I.; Lebedev, V.

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

397

Knowledge-Intensive Case-Based Reasoning in CREEK Agnar Aamodt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge-Intensive Case-Based Reasoning in CREEK Agnar Aamodt Department of Computer.aamodt@idi.ntnu.no Abstract. Knowledge-intensive CBR assumes that cases are enriched with general domain knowledge. In CREEK, there is a very strong coupling between cases and general domain knowledge, in that cases are embedded within

Aamodt, Agnar

398

SCENARIOS WITH AN INTENSIVE CONTRIBUTION OF NUCLEAR ENERGY TO THE WORLD ENERGY SUPPLY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 SCENARIOS WITH AN INTENSIVE CONTRIBUTION OF NUCLEAR ENERGY TO THE WORLD ENERGY SUPPLY H of primary energy demand by 250% in 2050 we find that a nuclear intensive scenario assuming the development level. Electricity production amounts to almost 40% of the primary energy supplyi , mostly i Here

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

399

Excitonic effects on radial breathing mode intensity of single wall carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Excitonic effects on radial breathing mode intensity of single wall carbon nanotubes Kentaro Satoa Abstract We develop exciton-photon and exciton-phonon interaction matrix elements for sin- gle wall carbon- culate resonance Raman intensity for radial breathing mode as a function of diameter and chiral angle

Maruyama, Shigeo

400

Effects of grazing intensity on soil carbon stocks following deforestation of a Hawaiian dry tropical forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of grazing intensity on soil carbon stocks following deforestation of a Hawaiian dry carbon (SOC) along gradients of grazing intensity and elevation in pastures converted from dry tropical of forest-to-pasture conversion on soil carbon (C) stocks depend on a combination of climatic and management

Elmore, Andrew J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

FLUORESCENCE CHANGES IN PORPHYRIDIUM EXPOSED TO GREEN LIGHT OF DIFFERENT INTENSITY: A NEW EMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FLUORESCENCE CHANGES IN PORPHYRIDIUM EXPOSED TO GREEN LIGHT OF DIFFERENT INTENSITY: A NEW EMISSION supposed to require two light reactions for the transfer of one hydrogen atom from water to carbon dioxide the existence of this second trap. With increase in intensity of green light, I,, the differential fluorescence

Govindjee

402

Extreme organic carbon burial fuels intense methane bubbling in a temperate reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme organic carbon burial fuels intense methane bubbling in a temperate reservoir Sebastian. Wehrli (2012), Extreme organic carbon burial fuels intense methane bubbling in a temperate reservoir; revised 25 November 2011; accepted 30 November 2011; published 4 January 2012. [1] Organic carbon (OC

Wehrli, Bernhard

403

Excitonic effects of photoluminescence and resonance Raman intensity of single wall carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Excitonic effects of photoluminescence and resonance Raman intensity of single wall carbon been widely used for the optical characterization of single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) since the intensity and energy of PL and RRS depend on the diameter and chirality of SWNTs. The optical absorption

Maruyama, Shigeo

404

Seismic Intensity Estimation of Tall Buildings in Earthquake Early Warning System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic Intensity Estimation of Tall Buildings in Earthquake Early Warning System M. H. Cheng & T warning system is currently being tested through the California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN) (http: earthquake early warning system, tall buildings, seismic intensity 1. INTRODUCTION In California, United

Greer, Julia R.

405

Modeling proton intensity gradients and radiation dose equivalents in the inner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling proton intensity gradients and radiation dose equivalents in the inner heliosphere using a significant radiation hazard for manned and unmanned interplanetary (IP) space missions. In order to estimate intensities, event fluences, and radiation dose equivalents of 27­31 May 2003 SEP events at eight different

Pringle, James "Jamie"

406

Intensely white bark on a dull winter's day AndreaKiewitt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Intensely white bark on a dull winter's day ©AndreaKiewitt No. 45 January 2009 Eco birch (Betula utilis var. jacquemontii). On the grey winter day, its intensely white bark stood out revealing the strikingly white inner layers. The bark is strewn with creamy grey lenticels in the shape

407

Optically Interconnected Data Center Architecture for Bandwidth Intensive Energy Efficient Networking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optically Interconnected Data Center Architecture for Bandwidth Intensive Energy Efficient) 854 2900, e-mail: howard@ee.columbia.edu ABSTRACT The relentless rise of data-intensive cloud will either be prohibitively costly, overly complex, or result in unsustainable energy requirements. Network

Bergman, Keren

408

Mapping the Energy Distribution of SERRS Hot Spots from Anti-Stokes to Stokes Intensity Ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping the Energy Distribution of SERRS Hot Spots from Anti- Stokes to Stokes Intensity Ratios in the anti-Stokes to Stokes intensity ratios in single-molecule surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering-enhanced Raman scattering. Moreover, a methodology to estimate the distribution of resonance energies

Brolo, Alexandre G.

409

CHEM 740: ENERGIES, INTENSITIES AND POTENTIALS: CONCEPTS AND TOOLS IN SPECTROSCOPY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHEM 740: ENERGIES, INTENSITIES AND POTENTIALS: CONCEPTS AND TOOLS IN SPECTROSCOPY Fall 2001 Instructor: R.J. Le Roy Wednesday Evenings The patterns of energy levels and transition intensities observed energy curves or surfaces characterizing the forces between the component atoms. This course will discuss

Le Roy, Robert J.

410

Third harmonic order imaging as a focal spot diagnostic for high intensity laser-solid interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intensity inter- actions, i.e., fast ignition fusion, laser based ion acceleration etc., where fluctuationsThird harmonic order imaging as a focal spot diagnostic for high intensity laser-solid interactions, Glasgow, UK 4 Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory. Chilton, Didcot, Didcot, UK 5

Strathclyde, University of

411

Optimization Intensive Energy Harvesting Mahsan Rofouei, Mohammad Ali Ghodrat, Miodrag Potkonjak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Intensive Energy Harvesting Mahsan Rofouei, Mohammad Ali Ghodrat, Miodrag Potkonjak of primary limiting factors of MSs is their energy sensitivity. In order to overcome this limitation, we have developed an optimization intensive approach for energy harvesting. Our goal is to size and position

Potkonjak, Miodrag

412

FEATURE ARTICLE Photoexcitation, Ionization, and Dissociation of Molecules Using Intense Near-Infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEATURE ARTICLE Photoexcitation, Ionization, and Dissociation of Molecules Using Intense Near-Infrared The coupling mechanism between an intense (1013 W cm-2, 780 nm) near-infrared radiation field of duration 50 above threshold dissociation,3 multiple electron emission,4 and mo- lecular ionization using near-infrared

Levis, Robert J.

413

Fabrication of nano-structural arrays by channeling pulsed atomic beams through an intensity-modulated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fabrication of nano-structural arrays by channeling pulsed atomic beams through an intensity-dimensional nano-structure arrays by passing a pulsed atomic beam through an intensity-modulated continuous of ``cooling'' along the longitudinal direction. This enables fabrication of vertically heterogeneous nano

Zhu, Xiangdong

414

Lagrangian Formulation of Relativistic Particle Average Motion in a Laser Field of Arbitrary Intensity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lagrangian and Hamiltonian functions describing average motion of a relativistic particle under the action of intensive high-frequency electromagnetic radiation are obtained. In weak, low-frequency background fields, such a particle on average drifts with an effective, relativistically invariant mass, which depends on the intensity of the electromagnetic field.

I.Y. Dodin; N.J. Fisch; G.M. Fraiman

2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

415

Changes in Energy Intensity in the Manufacturing Sector 1985-1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in Energy Intensity in the Manufacturing Sector 1985 - 1994 Full Report Introduction Summary of Data Data Tables Data Summaries All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone (32) Metals (33) Fab. Metals (34) Machinery (35) El. Equip.(36) Instruments (38) Misc. (39) Appendices Survey Design Quality of Data Sector Description Nonobservation Errors Glossary Intensity Sites Commercial Residential Transportation International Manufacturing Energy Intensity Changes in Energy Intensity Click for Full Graph Manufacturing Energy Consumption Consumption of Energy Click for Full Graph Manufacturing Shipments History of Shipments Click for Full Graph The focus of this data report is on intensity of energy use, measured by energy consumption relative to constant dollar shipments of manufactured products -- commonly called energy intensities (EI) by energy analysts. This report explicitly relates changes in two energy measures of energy intensity to efficiency, while being cognizant that there are structural and behavioral effects enmeshed in those measures of energy efficiency. Reporting EI serves to continue the Intensity Change report series.

416

Target Material Irradiation Studies for High-Intensity Accelerator Beams , H. Ludewig1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, an intensive search has been under way for both "smart" target designs and target materials that exhibit and "smart" materials have recently become available to serve the needs of special industries and someTarget Material Irradiation Studies for High-Intensity Accelerator Beams N. Simos1* , H. Kirk1 , H

McDonald, Kirk

417

Generation of mega-electron-volt electron beams by an ultrafast intense laser pulse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation of mega-electron-volt electron beams by an ultrafast intense laser pulse Xiaofang Wang filamentation and beam breakup. These results suggest an approach for generating a beam of femtosecond, Me-intensity lasers has made it pos- sible to study extreme physics on a tabletop. Among the studies, the generation

Umstadter, Donald

418

MOVEMENT OF FEMALE WHITE-TAILED DEER: EFFECTS OF CLIMATE AND INTENSIVE ROW-CROP AGRICULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1099 MOVEMENT OF FEMALE WHITE-TAILED DEER: EFFECTS OF CLIMATE AND INTENSIVE ROW-CROP AGRICULTURE in intensively (>80%) cultivated areas. From January 2001 to August 2002, we monitored movements of 77 (61 adult of seasonal migration, whereas crop emergence and harvest had minimal effects. Four deer (8%) dispersed a mean

419

Process of [sup 196]Hg enrichment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A simple rate equation model shows that by increasing the length of the photochemical reactor and/or by increasing the photon intensity in said reactor, the feedstock utilization of [sup 196]Hg will be increased. Two preferred embodiments of the present invention are described, namely (1) long reactors using long photochemical lamps and vapor filters; and (2) quartz reactors with external UV reflecting films. These embodiments have each been constructed and operated, demonstrating the enhanced utilization process dictated by the mathematical model (also provided).

Grossman, M.W.; Mellor, C.E.

1993-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

420

Data-Intensive Visual Analysis for Cyber Security  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Protecting communications networks against attacks where the aim is to steal information, disrupt order, or harm critical infrastructure can require the collection and analysis of staggering amounts of data. The ability to detect and respond to threats quickly is a paramount concern across sectors, and especially for critical government, utility and financial networks. Yet detecting emerging or incipient threats in immense volumes of network traffic requires new computational and analytic approaches. Network security increasingly requires cooperation between human analysts able to spot suspicious events through means such as data visualization and automated systems that process streaming network data in near real-time to triage events so that human analysts are best able to focus their work.

Pike, William A.; Best, Daniel M.; Love, Douglas V.; Bohn, Shawn J.

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Fundamental physics on natures of the macroscopic vacuum under high intense electromagnetic fields with accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High intense electromagnetic fields can be unique probes to study natures of macroscopic vacua by themselves. Combining accelerators with the intense field can provide more fruitful probes which can neither be achieved by only intense fields nor only high energy accelerators. We will overview the natures of vacua which can be accessible via intense laser-laser and intense laser-electron interactions. In the case of the laser-laser interaction, we propose how to observe nonlinear QED effects and effects of new fields like light scalar and pseudo scalar fields which may contribute to a macroscopic nature of our universe such as dark energy. In the case of the laser-electron interaction, in addition to nonlinear QED effects, we can further discuss the nature of accelerating field in the vacuum where we can access physics related with event horizons such as Hawking-Unruh radiations. We will introduce a recent experimental trial to search for this kind of odd radiations.

Kensuke Homma

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

422

HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES Hydrol. Process. 23, 13371348 (2009)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES Hydrol. Process. 23, 1337­1348 (2009) Published online 4 February 2009-Ecosystem in Fengqiu, State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese- Ecosystem in Fengqiu, State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science

Flury, Markus

423

7 -ATOMIC PROCESSES Atomic processes can be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 7 - ATOMIC PROCESSES Atomic processes can be: 1. Scattering 2. Absorption/Thermal Emission scattering, although the results won't change much when this condition is relaxed. Absorption/Thermal Emission Free-free (continuum) ("Bremsstrahlung") Emission/Absorption #12;2 Bound-Bound & Bound

Sitko, Michael L.

424

Chapter 5 - Gasification Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary There is a broad range of reactor types that are used in the practical realization of the gasification process. For most purposes, these reactor types can be grouped into one of three categories: moving-bed gasifiers, fluid-bed gasifiers, and entrained-flow gasifiers. Moving-bed processes are the oldest processes, and two processes in particular, the producer gas process and the water gas process, have played an important role in the production of synthesis gas from coal and coke. In moving bed processes, there are the sasol-lurgi dry bottom process, British Gas/Lurgi (BGL) slagging gasifier, that are detailed in the chapter along with their applications. Following this, fluid-bed processes are discussed in which the blast has two functions: that of blast as a reactant and that of the fluidizing medium for the bed. The best known fluid-bed gasifiers that have no tar problem are regenerators of catalytic cracking units that often operate under reducing, that is, gasification conditions that can be found in many refineries. HRL process, BHEL gasifier, circulating fluidized-bed (CFB) processes, the KBR transport gasifier, agglomerating fluid-bed processes, the Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) gasifier, the GEE gasification process, the Shell Gasification Process (SGP), Lurgi’ s Multi-Purpose Gasification process (MPG), etc. are the various processes discussed in the chapter.

Christopher Higman; Maarten van der Burgt

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Ceramic Processing.qrk  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Processing Processing Manufacturing Technologies The Ceramics and Glass Department devel- ops fabrication processes for ceramic compo- nents used in weapon applications. All phases of ceramic processing, from powders to fin- ished products, are addressed; including pow- der processing, blending, granulation, com- paction, sintering, grinding, metallization, and property measurements. In addition, multilay- er processing techniques are used to fabricate layered electrical devices. Our department has extensive experience in ferroelectric (PZT) and alumina ceramics, including cermet composi- tions (alumina - molybdenum composites) developed for hermetic electrical feedthrus, and alumina ceramics with buried ruthenium oxide based resistors. Capabilities * Perform process development activities for

426

Sustainability Indicators for Discrete Manufacturing Processes Applied to Grinding Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

study, the indicator “Energy intensity” measures the energylabor intensity, energy intensity, water intensity, andand we consider the energy intensity. Number, Weight, or

Linke, Barbara S.; Corman, Gero J.; Dornfeld, David A.; Tönissen, Stefan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Modelling of CO2 content in the atmosphere until 2300: influence of energy intensity of gross domestic product and carbon intensity of energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study provides a model of CO2 content in the atmosphere based on the global carbon cycle and the Kaya identity. The influences of: 1) energy intensity of GDP; 2) carbon intensity of energy on CO2 trajectories are given under four scenarios. The results from the most optimistic and technologically challenging scenario show that the atmospheric CO2 concentration can stabilise at 610 ppmv. It is also shown that the annual growth rates of atmospheric CO2 peak for all the scenarios before 2100 due to the expected world population peak in 2075 and the large share of fossil fuel energy.

Wojciech M. Budzianowski

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Optical waveguide solar energy system for lunar material processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the study on the optical waveguide (OW) solar energy system for lunar material processing. In the OW solar energy system, solar radiation is collected by the concentrator which transfers the concentrated solar radiation to the OW transmission line consisting of low-loss optical fibers and related optical components. The OW line transmits the high intensity solar radiation to the thermal reactor of the lunar materials processing plant. Based on the results discussed in this paper the authors conclude that the OW solar energy system is a viable concept which can effectively utilize solar energy for lunar material processing.

Nakamura, T.; Senior, C.L. [Physical Sciences, Inc., Andover, MA (United States); Shoji, J.M.; Waldron, R.D. [Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Division

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Energy conservation in citrus processing. Final project report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alternative energy conserving systems for use in citrus processing plants were synthesized and evaluated in terms of energy savings and economic return. The energy intensive operations that are carried out in citrus processing plants include conveying and extraction, concentration, peel drying, refrigeration, and pasteurization. The alternative energy conserving systems are synthesized from components and subsystems that are arranged to make use of energy cascading and thermodynamic regeneration to reduce the overall energy usage. System requirements such as air pollution rules and plant processing load cycles, a characterization of major operations, description of alternative system concepts, and the evaluation of alternative systems in terms of economic parameters and energy usage are identified.

Leo, M.A.; Lari, R.I.; Moore, N.R.; Broussard, M.R.; Gyamfi, M.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Optical processing furnace with quartz muffle and diffuser plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical furnace for annealing a process wafer comprising a source of optical energy, a quartz muffle having a door to hold the wafer for processing, and a quartz diffuser plate to diffuse the light impinging on the quartz muffle; a feedback system with a light sensor located in the door or wall of the muffle is also provided for controlling the source of optical energy. The quartz for the diffuser plate is surface etched (to give the quartz diffusive qualities) in the furnace during a high intensity burn-in process.

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Carbon dioxide emissions intensity of Portuguese industry and energy sectors: A convergence analysis and econometric approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Given the relevance of energy and pollution issues for industrialised countries and the importance of industry and energy sectors to the achievement of their economic and environmental goals, it is important to know if there is a common pattern of emissions intensity, fuel intensity and energy intensity, between industries, to know if it justifies a more specific application of energy policies between sectors, which sectors have the greatest potential for reducing energy use and which are the long term effects of those specific variables on the mitigation of emissions. We found that although there is literature on decomposition of effects that affect emissions, the study of the convergence and of the relationships between these variables does not include ratios or effects that result from the decomposition analysis. Thus, the above questions are not answered, much less for the Portuguese reality. The purpose of this paper is to study: (i) the existence of convergence of some relevant ratios as Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions intensity, CO2 emissions by fossil fuel consumption, fossil fuel intensity, energy intensity and economic structure, between industry and energy sectors in Portugal, and (ii) the influence that the consumption of fossil fuels, the consumption of aggregate energy and GDP have on CO2 emissions, and the influence that the ratios in which CO2 emissions intensity decomposes can affect that variable, using an econometric approach, namely Panel corrected standard errors estimator. We concluded that there is sigma convergence for all ratios with exception of fossil fuel intensity. Gamma convergence verifies for all ratios, with exception of CO2 emissions by fossil fuel. From the econometric approach we concluded that the considered variables have a significant importance in explaining CO2 emissions and CO2 emissions intensity.

Victor Moutinho; Margarita Robaina-Alves; Jorge Mota

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Generation of high intensity rf pulses in the ionosphere by means of in situ compression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate, using a simple model, that high intensity pulses can be generated from a frequency-chirped modifier of much lower intensity by making use of the dispersive properties of the ionosphere. We show that a frequency-chirped pulse can be constructed so that its various components overtake each other at a prescribed height, resulting in large (up to one hundred times) transient intensity enhancements as compared to those achievable from a steady modifier operating at the same power. We examine briefly one possible application: the enhancement of plasma wave amplitudes which occurs as a result of the interaction of such a compressed pulse with pre-generated turbulence.

Cowley, S.C.; Perkins, F.W.; Valeo, E.J.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Quantum Key Ditribution Based on Quantum Intensity Correlation of Twin Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new and simple quantum key distribution scheme based on the quantum intensity correlation of optical twin beams and the directly local measurements of intensity noise of single optical beam is presented and experimentally demonstrated. Using the twin beams with the quantum intensity correlation of 5dB the effective bit rate of $2\\times 10^7bits/s$ is completed. The noncloning of quantum systems and the sensitivity of the existing correlations to losses provide the physical mechamism for the security against eavesdropping. In the presented scheme the signal modulation and homodyne detection are not needed.

Xiaojun Jia; Xiaolong Su; Qing Pan; Kunchi Peng; Changde Xie

2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

434

Bragg cell laser intensity modulation: effect on laser Doppler velocimetry measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In most laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) systems, the frequency of one of the two laser beams that intersect to create the probe volume is shifted with an acousto-optic element. It is shown here that Bragg shifting can impose a problematic fluctuation in intensity on the frequency-shifted beam, producing spurious velocity measurements. This fluctuation occurs at twice the Bragg cell frequency, and its relative amplitude to the time average intensity is a function of the ratio of the laser beam diameter to the Bragg cell acoustic wavelength. A physical model and a configuration procedure to minimize adverse effects of the intensity modulations are presented.

Mychkovsky, Alexander G.; Chang, Natasha A.; Ceccio, Steven L.

2009-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

435

Refining intensity, energy consumption, and pulp quality in two-stage chip refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on thermomechanical pulps produced in two pilot plant installations. Both installations were conventional two-stage systems in which the first stage was pressurized and the second was atmospheric. At a given specific energy, pulp quality was improved. Alternatively, for a given pulp quality, the energy consumption was reduced when refining in the first stage was carried out at a high refining intensity. High refining intensity was reached by operating the first stage either at a high rotational speed or low consistency. There were indications that these benefits could be enhanced if the second stage were operated at a low refining intensity.

Miles, K.B.; May, W.D.; Karnis, A. (Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, 570 St. John's Boulevard, Pointe Claire, Quebec H9R 3J9 (CA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Multiphoton Double Ionization of Ar in Intense Extreme Ultraviolet Laser Fields Studied by Shot-by-Shot Photoelectron Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photoelectron spectroscopy has been performed to study the multiphoton double ionization of Ar in an intense extreme ultraviolet laser field (h{nu}{approx}21 eV, {approx}5 TW/cm{sup 2}), by using a free electron laser (FEL). Three distinct peaks identified in the observed photoelectron spectra clearly show that the double ionization proceeds sequentially via the formation of Ar{sup +}: Ar+h{nu}{yields}Ar{sup +}+e{sup -} and Ar{sup +}+2h{nu}{yields}Ar{sup 2+}+e{sup -}. Shot-by-shot recording of the photoelectron spectra allows simultaneous monitoring of FEL spectrum and the multiphoton process for each FEL pulse, revealing that the two-photon ionization from Ar{sup +} is significantly enhanced by intermediate resonances in Ar{sup +}.

Hikosaka, Y. [Department of Environmental Science, Niigata University, Niigata 950-2181 (Japan); Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); RIKEN, XFEL Project Head Office, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Fushitani, M.; Hishikawa, A. [Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); RIKEN, XFEL Project Head Office, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Matsuda, A. [Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); RIKEN, XFEL Project Head Office, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Tseng, C.-M. [Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); RIKEN, XFEL Project Head Office, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Shigemasa, E. [Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); RIKEN, XFEL Project Head Office, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Nagasono, M.; Tono, K.; Yabashi, M.; Ishikawa, T. [RIKEN, XFEL Project Head Office, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Togashi, T.; Ohashi, H.; Kimura, H. [RIKEN, XFEL Project Head Office, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Senba, Y. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan)

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

437

Process Analytical Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The book focuses on the relationship of process control to steady-state process characteristics rather than to dynamic process characteristics. ... In a popularizing article, Wold (93) explains how chemical instrumentation and chemometrics provides a formidable toolbox for investigating and analyzing data from chemical processes with the characteristic patterns relating to classes, trends and other relations uncovered in the data interpreted by comparison with patterns from known and well understood systems and processes. ... Web-based molecular processing tools installed on corporate Intranets bring cheminformatics and molecular modeling capabilities directly to the desks of synthetic chemists, giving them direct access molecular structural and property visualization data and analysis. ...

Jerome Workman, Jr.; Mel Koch; Barry Lavine; Ray Chrisman

2009-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

438

Non-filamentated ultra-intense and ultra-short pulse fronts in three-dimensional Raman seed amplification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultra-intense and ultra-short laser pulses may be generated up to the exawatt-zetawatt regime due to parametric processes in plasmas. The minimization of unwanted plasma processes leads to operational limits which are discussed here with respect to filamentation. Transverse filamentation, which originally was derived for plane waves, is being investigated for seed pulse propagation in the so called ?-pulse limit. A three-dimensional (3D) three-wave-interaction model is the basis of the present investigation. To demonstrate the applicability of the three-wave-interaction model, the 1D pulse forms are compared with those obtained from 1D particle in cell and Vlasov simulations. Although wave-breaking may occur, the kinetic simulations show that the leading pumped pulse develops a form similar to that obtained from the three-wave-interaction model. In the main part, 2D and 3D filamentation processes of (localized) pulses are investigated with the three-wave-interaction model. It is shown that the leading pulse front can stay filamentation-free, whereas the rear parts show transverse modulations.

Lehmann, G.; Spatschek, K. H. [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, D-40225 Düsseldorf (Germany)] [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, D-40225 Düsseldorf (Germany)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Diode laser measurements of H[sub 2]O line intensities and self-broadening coefficients in the 1. 4-[mu]m region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Precise knowledge of water vapor radiative properties in the infrared spectrum is needed for many applications. Such applications include atmospheric sounding experiments, radiative sensing of combustion processes, and optical diagnostics for gas-dynamic and aerodynamic studies. Spectrally resolved measurements of pure water vapor absorption spectra have been performed with a tunable diode laser. The laser, a distributed feedback InGaAsP diode, emits in the 1.4-[mu]m region. A total of 12 lines were studied corresponding to rovibrational transitions within the [nu][sub 1] + [nu][sub 3] and 2[nu][sub 1] vibrational bands. A Voigt profile analysis of lineshape is used to infer both intensities and self-collision-broadening coefficients of the water vapor. Good agreements is found between the observed line intensities and those recently measured by Toth. These results are apparently the first published measurements of the broadening coefficient within this spectral range.

Langlois, S.; Birbeck, T.P.; Hanson, R.K. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Nonconforming Material Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

11 Nonconforming Material / Product Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 11 Nonconforming Material / Product Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Nonconforming Material / Product Process Document Number: P-011 Rev. 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): F-015 Nonconformance Report, REG-003 Record Register, ISDP-002 Training Production Process P-011 Nonconforming Material / Product Process 11_0304 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 08_0416 Added verbiage CAR/PAR/IO to Step 2 P-011 Nonconforming Material / Product Process 11_0304 Page 3 of 6 I. Purpose To establish the process for nonconforming material to be identified, segregated and dispositioned to prevent its unintended

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Process Deviation Log  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Process Deviation Log 09_0730 Process Deviation Log 09_0730 EOTA - Business Form Document Title: P-010, Process Deviation Process Document Number: Process Deviation Log EOTA Employees Melissa Otero N/A Referenced Documents: Parent Document: F-014 Rev. 11_0316 Approvers: Melissa Otero Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Notify of Changes: A 09_0730 11_0316 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change Intitial Release. Revised log to reflect date/date range that PD is in effect. Removed drop-down menu items. Added ECD, Extension Date and Closed Column. F-014 Process Deviation Log 09_0730 Process Deviation # Date Requestor Departme nt Process # Has PD Occurred ? (Y/N) CAR/PAR # Distributio n Date Estimated Closure Date Extension Date Closed Date Comment PD-001 PD-002 PD-003 PD-004 PD-005 PD-006 PD-007 PD-008 PD-009

442

FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2004 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARD (FIPS) 199, STANDARDS FOR SECURITY Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology A new Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS), recently approved by the Secretary of Commerce, will help federal agencies

443

New-Hire Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New-Hire Process careersassetsimagesicon-lego.jpg New-Hire Process Employees and retirees are the building blocks of the Lab's success. Our employees get to contribute to the...

444

Administrative Policy Approval Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administrative Policy Approval Process Faculty Handbook Policy Approval Process Policy idea. Faculty Handbook Committee meets during the academic year to discuss and evaluate proposed changes to Handbook policies. Policy changes approved by the Handbook Committee are forwarded to the President

445

Chemistry of Combustion Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The quantitative description and understanding of combustion processes needs extreme computational efforts and has at ... treatment can give a lot of insight into combustion processes, as demonstrated in the foll...

J. Warnatz

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Milestone Plan Process Improvement  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Milestone Plan Process Improvement Milestone Plan Process Improvement Milestone Plan Process Improvement Background In response to our community's concern over the milestone plan (MP) process within the system, the STRIPES Project Office initiated an in-depth evaluation of the required steps and issues surrounding this process. We concluded that the MP process could be improved for most users by tuning the system configuration. With the approval of both the STRIPES Executive Steering Committee and the STRIPES Project Office, we launched the MP Process Improvement Initiative. After many meetings with members of the STRIPES Team and Working Group, we are ready to "go-live" with this initiative. On October 1 st , 2012 the new MP process will be implemented for use by most field offices.

447

EIA Energy Efficiency-Residential Sector Energy Intensities, 1978-2001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Sector Energy Intensities Residential Sector Energy Intensities RESIDENTIAL SECTOR ENERGY INTENSITIES: 1978-2005 Released Date: August 2004 Page Last Modified:June 2009 These tables provide estimates of residential sector energy consumption and energy intensities for 1978 -1984, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1997, 2001 and 2005 based on the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). Total Site Energy Consumption (U.S. and Census Region) Html Excel PDF By Type of Housing Unit (Table 1a) html Table 1a excel table 1a. excel table 1a. Weather-Adjusted by Type of Housing Unit (Table 1b) html table 1b excel table 1b excel table 1b Total Primary Energy Consumption (U.S. and Census Region) By Type of Housing Unit (Table 1c) html Table 1c excel table 1c excel table 1c Weather-Adjusted by Type of Housing Unit (Table 1d)

448

Two-color phase control of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a time-independent generalized Floquet approach for nonperturbative treatment of high-order harmonic generation (HG) in intense onea (i) determination of the complex quasienergy eigenvalue and eigenfunction by means of the non...

Telnov, Dmitry A.; Wang, Jingyan; Chu, Shih-I

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Latent heating contribution from precipitation systems with different sizes, depths and intensities in the tropics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Latent Heating (LH) from precipitation systems with different sizes, depths and convective intensities are quantified with 15 years of LH retrievals from Version 7 Precipitation Radar (PR) products of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)...

Chuntao Liu; Shoichi Shige; Yukari N. Takayabu; Edward Zipser

450

Water Intensity Assessment of Shale Gas Resources in the Wattenberg Field in Northeastern Colorado  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water Intensity Assessment of Shale Gas Resources in the Wattenberg Field in Northeastern Colorado ... Efficient use of water, particularly in the western U.S., is an increasingly important aspect of many activities including agriculture, urban, and industry. ...

Stephen Goodwin; Ken Carlson; Ken Knox; Caleb Douglas; Luke Rein

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

451

Capital budgeting methods, management control systems and the R&D intensity of the firm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the effect of the Research and Development (R&D) intensity of the firm on the use of management control systems, capital budgeting methods and the methods to determine the cost of capital. Based on earlier literature, we develop several hypotheses that we test empirically, using survey data of the 101 Finnish firms operating in the capital area. The results indicate that the use of management control systems such as control and bonus systems, budgeting and strategic alliances increases with the degree of the R&D intensity of the firm. The results also indicate that high-R&D-intensity firms use formal capital budgeting methods within large and strategic projects. Finally, our results show that the use of sophisticated capital budgeting methods such as Net Present Value (NPV) and Internal Rate of Return (IRR) methods increases with the R&D intensity of the firm. Our results remain materially the same after controlling for several firm characteristics.

Hanna Silvola

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Economics at the FTC: Data Intensive Mergers and Policy R&D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economics at the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) supports both the competition and consumer protection missions of the agency. In this year’s essay we discuss a range of activities focusing on data-intensive an...

Michael A. Salinger; Keith B. Anderson…

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Erratum to: Decreasing Indian summer monsoon intensity after 1860 AD in the global warming epoch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the original publication of the article title has been published incorrectly. The correct title should read as “Decreasing Indian summer monsoon intensity after 1860 AD in the global warming epoch”.

Hai Xu; Yetang Hong; Bin Hong

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Energy prices and energy intensity in China : a structural decomposition analysis and econometric study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the start of its economic reforms in 1978, China's energy prices relative to other prices have increased. At the same time, its energy intensity, i.e., physical energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product ...

Shi, Xiaoyu, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Adaptive Divisible Load Model for Scheduling Data-Intensive Grid Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many data grid applications, data can be decomposed into multiple independent sub ... schedule for parallel execution and analysis. Divisible Load Theory (DLT) is a powerful tool for modelling data-intensive g...

M. Othman; M. Abdullah; H. Ibrahim; S. Subramaniam

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Could energy-intensive industries be powered by carbon-free electricity?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Gutowski and Ernst Worrell Could energy-intensive industries be powered...MacKay, DJC . 2008 Sustainable energy-without the hot air. Cambridge...com . 3 Gallman, PG . 2011 Green alternatives and national energy strategy: the facts behind the...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Sensitivity of Tropical Cyclone Feedback on the Intensity of Western Pacific Subtropical High to Microphysics Scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Advanced Weather Research Forecast (WRF) model is used to examine the sensitivity of simulated tropical cyclone (TC) track and associated intensity of western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) to microphysical parameterization (MP) scheme. It is ...

Yuan Sun; Zhong Zhong; Wei Lu

458

Polymer electrolyte fuel cell performance degradation at different synchrotron beam intensities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dependency of beam intensity on the performance degradation of polymer electrolyte fuel cells during X-ray imaging experiments at the Tomcat beamline of the Swiss Light Source is reported and the underlying degradation mechanisms are identified.

Eller, J.

2013-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

459

The role of energy intensity improvement in the AR4 GHG stabilization scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study analyzes the role of energy intensity improvement in the short term (to the year 2020) and midterm (to the year 2050) in the context of long-term greenhouse gases (GHG) stabilization scenarios. The dat...

Tatsuya Hanaoka; Mikiko Kainuma; Yuzuru Matsuoka

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

INVESTIGATION OF THERAPY IMPROVEMENT USING REAL-TIME PHOTOACOUSTIC IMAGING GUIDED HIGH INTENSITY FOCUSED ULTRASOUND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are a lot of risks in cancer treatment by invasive surgery, such as bleeding, wound infection, and long recovery time, etc. Therefore, there is great need for minimally- or non-invasive treatment. High intensity ...

Cui, Huizhong

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Enhancement of spectral intensities of mercury triplet lines in longitudinal magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The variation of intensity of the spectral lines of the triplet series of mercury namely...3 S 1 ? 63 P 012) (?5461 Å,? 4358 Å,?...4047 Å) in the pr...

S N Sen; S K Sadhya

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Role of Atmospheric Conditions in Determining Intensity of Crepuscular and Anticrepuscular Rays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the summer of 2006, daily observations of crepuscular and anticrepuscular rays were made around sunset from central Oklahoma. A relative scale of ray intensity was developed and used to relate the rays to concurrent meteorological ...

Matthew S. Van Den Broeke; William H. Beasley; Michael B. Richman

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Oceanic Heat Content Variability in the Eastern Pacific Ocean for Hurricane Intensity Forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent evidence supports the premise that the subsurface ocean structure plays an important role in modulating air–sea fluxes during hurricane passage, which in turn, affects intensity change. Given the generally sparse in situ data, it has been ...

Lynn K. Shay; Jodi K. Brewster

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Short-period variation of cosmic-ray intensity observed in the stratosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To investigate the variation of the cosmic-ray intensity in the Earth atmosphere, stratospheric balloon soundings are performed weekly at Campinas (Brazil...2 and 173 g/cm2. Apparently these oscillations are not ...

N. A. Van Bui; I. M. Martin; A. Turtelli jr.; Yu. I. Stozhkov…

465

Distinguishing the Cold Conveyor Belt and Sting Jet Airstreams in an Intense Extratropical Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Strong winds equatorward and rearward of a cyclone core have often been associated with two phenomena: the cold conveyor belt (CCB) jet and sting jets. Here, detailed observations of the mesoscale structure in this region of an intense cyclone are ...

Oscar Martínez-Alvarado; Laura H. Baker; Suzanne L. Gray; John Methven; Robert S. Plant

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Energy prices and energy intensity in China : a structural decomposition analysis and econometrics study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the start of its economic reforms in 1978, China's energy prices relative to other prices have increased. At the same time, its energy intensity, i.e., energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), has ...

Shi, Xiaoyu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Molecular-bond hardening and dynamics of molecular stabilization and trapping in intense laser pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stabilization and population trapping of high-lying vibrational states and chemical bond hardening are predicted for both continuous-wave (cw) lasers and short laser pulses. While the intensity dependences of the laser-induced stabilization are essentially...

Yao, Guanhua; Chu, Shih-I

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Absolute vs. Intensity Limits for CO2 Emission Control: Performance Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We elucidate the differences between absolute and intensity-based limits of CO2 emission when there is uncertainty about the future. We demonstrate that the two limits are identical under certainty, and rigorously establish ...

Sue Wing, Ian.

469

Zone folding effect in Raman G-band intensity of twisted bilayer graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The G-band Raman intensity is calculated for twisted bilayer graphene as a function of laser excitation energy based on the extended tight binding method. Here we explicitly consider the electron-photon and electron-phonon ...

Dresselhaus, Mildred

470

Robust parameter extraction for decision support using multimodal intensive care data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Digital information flow within the intensive care unit (ICU) continues to grow, with advances in technology and computational biology. Recent developments in the integration and archiving of these data have resulted in ...

Clifford, Gari D.

471

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute rovibrational intensities Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the Summer Program 2008 Summary: the agreement in terms of the initial rise, absolute intensity level and fall-off rates. This is due to each... of the rovibrational energy...

472

Determinants of energy intensity in industrialized countries : a comparison of China and India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The amount of final energy per unit of economic output (usually in terms of gross domestic product, or GDP), known as energy intensity, is often used to measure the effectiveness of energy use and the consumption patterns ...

Huang, Feiya

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy intensity (energy per unit GDP) in the 11 th FYP. Forintensity (total energy per unit GDP)  industrial energyof total (primary) energy per unit GDP in fixed 2005 RMB [

Ohshita, Stephanie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Understanding sawtooth activity during intense electron cyclotron heating experiments on TCV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding sawtooth activity during intense electron cyclotron heating experiments on TCV I sawteeth and `humpback' oscillations occur when heating close to the sawtooth inversion surface model which describes the evolution of the electron temperature in the presence of localized heat

Rossi, Enrico

475

Nutrient element accumulation and distribution in an intensively cultured American sycamore plantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis L.) plantations were intensively cultured on floodplain and terrace sites near the Ohio River in western Kentucky. Biomass and nutrient uptake under various spacing and fe...

Bruce W. Wood; Robert F. Wittwer; Stanley B. Carpenter

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Impact of varying storm intensity and consecutive dry days on grassland soil moisture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intra-annual precipitation patterns are expected to shift toward more intense storms and longer dry periods due to changes in climate within the next decades. Using satellite-derived estimates of plant growth data combined with in situ ...

John D. Hottenstein; Guillermo E. Ponce-Campos; Julio Moguel-Yanes; M. Susan Moran

477

The Influence of Hadley Circulation Intensity Changes on Extratropical Climate in an Idealized Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments have been performed using a simple global model with idealized physics and zonally symmertrical forcings to investigate the influence of Hadley circulation intensity changes on extratropical climate. The heating within the Tropics is ...

Edmund K. M. Chang

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Cost Minimization in an Energy-Intensive Plant Using Mathematical Programming Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cost Minimization in an Energy-Intensive Plant Using Mathematical Programming Approaches ... This creates a potential opportunity to reduce average operating costs by changing the operating mode and production rates depending on the power costs. ...

M. G. Ierapetritou; D. Wu; J. Vin; P. Sweeney; M. Chigirinskiy

2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

479

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products ... Sogut, Z.; Ilten, N.; Oktay, Z.Energetic and exergetic performance evaluation of the quadruple-effect evaporator unit in tomato paste evaporation Energy 2010, 35, 3821– 3826 ...

Michael E. Walker; Craig S. Arnold; David J. Lettieri; Margot J. Hutchins; Eric Masanet

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

480

Data Grids: a new computational infrastructure for data-intensive science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Goodfellow, Dominic Tildesley and Maggie Wilson Data Grids: a new computational infrastructure for data-intensive science Paul Avery Department of...geographic dispersion and their reliance on large data archives. These characteristics bring with...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non-energy intensive processes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Land–Sea Thermal Contrast and Intensity of the North American Monsoon under Climate Change Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hypothesis that global warming during the twenty-first century will increase the land–sea thermal contrast (LSTC) and therefore the intensity of early season precipitation of the North American monsoon (NAM) is examined. To test this ...

Abraham Torres-Alavez; Tereza Cavazos; Cuauhtemoc Turrent

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Fuel gas conditioning process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas, so that it can be used as combustion fuel to run gas-powered equipment, including compressors, in the gas field or the gas processing plant. Compared with prior art processes, the invention creates lesser quantities of low-pressure gas per unit volume of fuel gas produced. Optionally, the process can also produce an NGL product.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A Device for Search of Gamma-Radiation Intensive Sources at the Radiation Accident Condition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The procedure designed for measuring angular distributions of gamma radiation and for search of gamma radiation intensive sources is described. It is based on application of the original multidetector device ShD-1, for measuring an angular distribution in a complete solid angle (4 pi). The calibration results and data on the angular distributions of intensity of gamma radiation at the roof of Chornobyl NPP ''Shelter'' are presented.

Batiy, Valeriy; Klyuchnykov, A; Kochnev, N; Rudko, Vladimir; shcherbin, vladimir; Yegorov, V; Schmieman, Eric A.

2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

484

Assessment of intensive silvicultural practices and livestock grazing on watershed parameters, Kisatchie National Forest, Louisiana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSESSMENT OF INTENSIVE SILVICULTURAL PRACTICES AND LIVESTOCK GRAZING ON WATERSHED PARAMETERS, KISATCHIE NATIONAL FOREST, LOUISIANA A Thesis by THOMAS KENNETH HUNTER JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1985 Major Subject: Range Science ASSESSMENT OF INTENSIVE SILVICULTURAL PRACTICES AND LIVESTOCK GRAZING ON WATERSHED PARAMETERS, KISATCHIE NATIONAL FOREST, LOUISIANA A Thesis...

Hunter, Thomas Kenneth

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The effects of high intensity continuous auditory stimulation on the perception of visual display information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF HIGH INTENSITY CONTINUOUS AUDITORY STIMULATION ON THE PERCEPTION OF VISUAL DISPLAY INFORMATION A Thesis by WILLIAM HAROLD PERSKY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AS M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1972 Major Subject: Industrial Hygiene THE EFFECTS OF HIGH INTENSITY CONTINUOUS AUDITORY STIMULATION ON THE PERCEPTION OF VISUAL DISPLAY INFORMATION A Thesis by WILLIAM HAROLD PERSKY Approved...

Persky, William Harold

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Gregorian optical system with non-linear optical technology for protection against intense optical transients  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system comprising a concave primary mirror reflects light through an intermediate focus to a secondary mirror. The secondary mirror re-focuses the image to a final image plane. Optical limiter material is placed near the intermediate focus to optically limit the intensity of light so that downstream components of the optical system are protected from intense optical transients. Additional lenses before and/or after the intermediate focus correct optical aberrations.

Ackermann, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Diels, Jean-Claude M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

487

A High Intensity Linear e+ e- Collider Facility at Low Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss a proposal for a high intensity $e^+e^-$ linear collider operated at low center of mass energies $\\sqrt{s}intensity beams. Such a facility would provide high statistics samples of (charmed) vector mesons and would permit searches for LFV with unprecedented precision in decays of $\\tau$ leptons and mesons. Implications on the design of the linear accelerator are discussed together with requirements to achieve luminosities of $10^{35}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$ or more.

A. Schoning

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

488

Semisolid Metal Processing Consortium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mathematical modeling and simulations of semisolid filling processes remains a critical issue in understanding and optimizing the process. Semisolid slurries are non-Newtonian materials that exhibit complex rheological behavior. There the way these slurries flow in cavities is very different from the way liquid in classical casting fills cavities. Actually filling in semisolid processing is often counter intuitive

Apelian,Diran

2002-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

489

Improvement in surface fatigue life of hardened gears by high-intensity shot peening  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two groups of carburized, hardened, and ground spur gears that were manufactured from the same heat vacuum induction melted vacuum arc melted (VIM VAR) AISI 9310 steel were endurance tested for surface fatigue. Both groups were manufactured with a standard ground 16 rms surface finish. One group was subjected to a shot peening (SP) intensity of 7 to 9A, and the second group was subjected to a SP intensity of 15 to 17A. All gears were honed after SP to a surface finish of 16 rms. The gear pitch diameter was 8.89 cm. Test conditions were a maximum Hertz stress of 1.71 GPa, a gear temperature of 350 K, and a speed of 10000 rpm. The lubricant used for the tests was a synthetic paraffinic oil with an additive package. The following results were obtained: The 10 pct. surface fatigue (pitting) life of the high intensity (15 to 17A) SPed gears was 2.15 times that of the medium intensity (7 to 9A) SPed gears, the same as that calculated from measured residual stress at a depth of 127 microns. The measured residual stress for the high intensity SPed gears was 57 pct. higher than that for the medium intensity SPed gears at a depth of 127 microns and 540 pct. higher at a depth of 51 microns.

Townsend, D.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Relationships between Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Eyewall Structure as Determined by Radial Profiles of Inner-Core Infrared Brightness Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radial profiles of infrared brightness temperature for 2405 different satellite observations from 14 western North Pacific tropical cyclones (TCs) from the 2012 season were analyzed and compared to intensity and changes in intensity. Four critical ...

Elizabeth R. Sanabia; Bradford S. Barrett; Caitlin M. Fine

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Saturation of Photoluminescence from Carbon Nanotubes at High Laser Intensities: Exciton-Exciton Annihilation near the Mott Density  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saturation of Photoluminescence from Carbon Nanotubes at High Laser Intensities: Exciton) spectroscopy of individualized carbon nanotube ensembles has been carried out using wavelength completely flat, where the PL intensity became independent of the excitation wavelength (Fig. 1). Through

Maruyama, Shigeo

492

VacuumProcesses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Processes Processes Manufacturing Technologies The vacuum processing capabilities in the Thin Film, Vacuum, & Packaging Laboratory encompass several areas. Capabilities include vacuum, inert gas and hydrogen firing; thermal desorption mass spectroscopy; vacuum out- gassing rate measurement; ion beam milling; and cermet densification. Capabilities * Expertise in the development of cleaning processes and materials characterization of vacuum materials and components * Vacuum and hydrogen firing of components for oxide reduction and cleaning of vacuum components * Large scale cleaning processes, vapor degreasing and vacu- um firing for large vol- ume components * Thermal desorption mass spectroscopy of material and components with controlled tem- perature ramp rates to 1500°C in a UHV

493

Document Control Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Document Control Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 7 1 Document Control Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 7 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Document Control Process Document Number: P-001 Rev 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): F-001 Document Control Template - Process, F-002 Document Control Template - Instruction, F-003 Document Control Template - Screenshot, F-004 Document Control Template - Form, F-005 Document Control Template - Form - Excel, MGTP-002 Skill Set Model, Q-003 EOTA Processes: Sequence and Interaction, P-003, Control of Records P-001 Document Control Process 11_0304 Page 2 of 7 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change

494

Supplier Selection Management Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ADMP-002 Vendor Selection and Management Process 11_0203 1 of 9 ADMP-002 Vendor Selection and Management Process 11_0203 1 of 9 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Vendor Selection and Management Process Document Number: ADMP-002 Rev. 11_0203 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): ADMF-009 Vendor Audit Plan, ADMF-010 Vendor Audit Checklist, ADMF-011 Vendor Audit Report, ADMF-015 Vendor Evaluation Record, ADMP-001 Procurement Process, ADMF-016 EOTA Vendor List, REG-003 Record Register ADMP-002 Vendor Selection and Management Process 11_0203 2 of 9 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 08_1110 Added verbiage and reference for ADMF-016, EOTA Vendor List to process.

495

Manhattan Project: Processes  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Processes Processes Uranium Mining, Milling, and Refining Uranium Isotope Separation Plutonium Production Bomb Design, Development, and Production Bomb Testing and Weapon Effects Processes PLEASE NOTE: The Processes pages are not yet available. Links to the pages listed below and to the left will be activated as content is developed. Select topics relating to the industrial processes of the Manhattan Project have been grouped into the categories listed to the left. A quick overview of processes involved in the mission of the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summary pages for each of the categories, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of all the subtopics included within that category. For a complete menu of all process pages, see the comprehensive list of topics below.

496

Project of Rotating Carbon High-Power Neutron Target. Research of Graphite Properties for Production of High Intensity Neutron Source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project of Rotating Carbon High-Power Neutron Target. Research of Graphite Properties for Production of High Intensity Neutron Source

Gubin, K V; Bak, P A; Kot, N K; Logatchev, P V

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

2Laser Materials Processing LISI Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a common delimitation failure point in laser clad material. The LISI process is somewhere in between surface treatment and laser cladding. In LISI a metal or metal/ceramic mixture is pre effects experienced in cladding and welding operations. Laser Induced Surface Improvement (LISI

Davis, Lloyd M.

498

Energy Intensity Development of the German Iron and Steel Industry between 1991 and 2007 Marlene Arensa), 1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy Intensity Development of the German Iron and Steel Industry between 1991 and 2007 Marlene industry, energy intensity 1) Corresponding Author. Tel: +49 721 6809 408, fax: +49 721 6809 272, marlene a decomposition method [25]. Kim and Worrell (2002) compared energy and CO2intensity in the steel sector among

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

499

Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature i How do consumers and firms purchase equipment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature i CIEEDAC How do, 2007 #12;Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature ii Executive Summary Energy intense equipment purchasing behaviour: A review of the literature. CIEEDAC has been charged

500

Laser-Energy Transfer and Enhancement of Plasma Waves and Electron Beams by Interfering High-Intensity Laser Pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser-Energy Transfer and Enhancement of Plasma Waves and Electron Beams by Interfering High-Intensity) The effects of interference due to crossed laser beams were studied experimentally in the high- intensity regime. Two ultrashort (400 fs), high-intensity (4 1017 and 1:6 1018 W=cm2) and 1 m wavelength laser

Umstadter, Donald