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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc relevant nodes but also to balance individual battery levels. Unbalanced energy usage will result achieves a trade-off between balanced energy consumption and shortest routing delay, and at the same time

Lee, Ben

2

Non-native grasses alter evapotranspiration and energy balance in Great Basin sagebrush communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-native grasses alter evapotranspiration and energy balance in Great Basin sagebrush communities Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, United States Received 19 April 2006; accepted 23 August 2006 Abstract Over key ecosystem processes in the Great Basin, including hydrology and energy balance. To determine how

DeLucia, Evan H.

3

The fluctuation energy balance in non-suspended fluid-mediated particle transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we compare two extreme regimes of non-suspended fluid-mediated particle transport, transport in light and heavy fluids ("saltation" and "bedload", respectively), regarding their particle fluctuation energy balance. From direct numerical simulations, we surprisingly find that the ratio between collisional and fluid drag dissipation of fluctuation energy is significantly larger in saltation than in bedload, even though the contribution of interparticle collisions to transport of momentum and energy is much smaller in saltation due to the low concentration of particles in the transport layer. We conclude that the much higher frequency of high-energy particle-bed impacts ("splash") in saltation is the cause for this counter-intuitive behavior. Moreover, from a comparison of these simulations to Particle Tracking Velocimetry measurements which we performed in a wind tunnel under steady transport of fine and coarse sand, we find that turbulent fluctuations of the flow produce particle fluctuation energy at an ...

P鋒tz, Thomas; Ho, Tuan-Duc; Valance, Alexandre; Kok, Jasper F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

The fluctuation energy balance in non-suspended fluid-mediated particle transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we compare two extreme regimes of non-suspended fluid-mediated particle transport, transport in light and heavy fluids ("saltation" and "bedload", respectively), regarding their particle fluctuation energy balance. From direct numerical simulations, we surprisingly find that the ratio between collisional and fluid drag dissipation of fluctuation energy is significantly larger in saltation than in bedload, even though the contribution of interparticle collisions to transport of momentum and energy is much smaller in saltation due to the low concentration of particles in the transport layer. We conclude that the much higher frequency of high-energy particle-bed impacts ("splash") in saltation is the cause for this counter-intuitive behavior. Moreover, from a comparison of these simulations to Particle Tracking Velocimetry measurements which we performed in a wind tunnel under steady transport of fine and coarse sand, we find that turbulent fluctuations of the flow produce particle fluctuation energy at an unexpectedly high rate in saltation even under conditions for which the effects of turbulence are usually believed to be small.

Thomas P鋒tz; Orencio Dur醤; Tuan-Duc Ho; Alexandre Valance; Jasper F. Kok

2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

5

Robust energy transfer mechanism and critically balanced turbulence via non-resonant triads in nonlinear wave systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A robust energy transfer mechanism is found in nonlinear wave systems, which favours transfers towards modes interacting via non-resonant triads, applicable in meteorology, nonlinear optics and plasma wave turbulence. Transfer efficiency is maximal when the frequency mismatch of the non-resonant triad balances the system's nonlinear frequency: at intermediate levels of oscillation amplitudes an instability is triggered that explores unstable manifolds of periodic orbits, so turbulent cascades are most efficient at intermediate nonlinearity. Numerical simulations confirm analytical predictions.

Miguel D. Bustamante; Brenda Quinn

2013-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

6

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Agency, 2003a. Energy Balances of OECD Countries.Energy Agency, 2003b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.for constructing the energy balance flow chart (Figure 1).

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

3, 27892812, 2006 Energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HESSD 3, 2789颅2812, 2006 Energy balance closure F. Bagayoko et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction-access review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Energy balance closure and footprint analysis (n.c.vandegiesen@citg.tudelft.nl) 2789 #12;HESSD 3, 2789颅2812, 2006 Energy balance closure F

Boyer, Edmond

8

Balance Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine: EnergyAustin EnergyBacliff, Texas: EnergyBalance Energy Jump to:

9

Energy balance in peridynamics.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The peridynamic model of solid mechanics treats internal forces within a continuum through interactions across finite distances. These forces are determined through a constitutive model that, in the case of an elastic material, permits the strain energy density at a point to depend on the collective deformation of all the material within some finite distance of it. The forces between points are evaluated from the Frechet derivative of this strain energy density with respect to the deformation map. The resulting equation of motion is an integro-differential equation written in terms of these interparticle forces, rather than the traditional stress tensor field. Recent work on peridynamics has elucidated the energy balance in the presence of these long-range forces. We have derived the appropriate analogue of stress power, called absorbed power, that leads to a satisfactory definition of internal energy. This internal energy is additive, allowing us to meaningfully define an internal energy density field in the body. An expression for the local first law of thermodynamics within peridynamics combines this mechanical component, the absorbed power, with heat transport. The global statement of the energy balance over a subregion can be expressed in a form in which the mechanical and thermal terms contain only interactions between the interior of the subregion and the exterior, in a form anticipated by Noll in 1955. The local form of this first law within peridynamics, coupled with the second law as expressed in the Clausius-Duhem inequality, is amenable to the Coleman-Noll procedure for deriving restrictions on the constitutive model for thermomechanical response. Using an idea suggested by Fried in the context of systems of discrete particles, this procedure leads to a dissipation inequality for peridynamics that has a surprising form. It also leads to a thermodynamically consistent way to treat damage within the theory, shedding light on how damage, including the nucleation and advance of cracks, should be incorporated into a constitutive model.

Lehoucq, Richard B.; Silling, Stewart Andrew

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

The energy balancing parameter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A parameter method is introduced in order to estimate the relationship among the various variables of a system in equilibrium, where the potential energy functions are incompletely known or the quantum mechanical calculations very difficult. No formal proof of the method is given; instead, a sufficient number of valuable examples are shown to make the case for the method's usefulness in classical and quantum systems. The mathematical methods required are quite elementary: basic algebra and minimization of power functions. This method blends advantageously with a simple but powerful approximate method for quantum mechanics, sidestepping entirely formal operators and differential equations. It is applied to the derivation of various well-known results involving centrally symmetric potentials for a quantum particle such as the hydrogen-like atom, the elastic potential and other cases of interest. The same formulas provide estimates for previously unsolved cases. PACS: 03.65.-w 30.00.00

Walton R. Gutierrez

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

11

The Science of Global Warming Energy Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Science of Global Warming 路Energy Balance 路Feedback Loops Global Warming can be understood complexities 路Introduce a Simple Model of Energy Balance 路Understand the Vocabulary 路Point out some units of energy input from the Sun = Temperature: 5.3 oC Greenhouse Effect 101: A Balance is Achieved

Blais, Brian

12

Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks Ivan Howitt Electrical & Computer Engineering because of their higher traffic. This paper suggests an energy balanced chain (EBC) which can efficiently the energy balance optimization problem in terms of the segmentation space. By adjusting the transmission

Howitt, Ivan

13

Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,spatially variable water and energy balance processes J. S.modeling. Water and energy balance models are developed at

Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The International Urban Energy Balance Models ComparisonT. Williamson, Urban surface energy balance models: modelof the international urban energy balance model comparison,

Yaghoobian, Neda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

6, 33813402, 2006 The energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of diverse measuring methods, the energy storage in the canopy and the soil was often discussed as a reasonACPD 6, 3381颅3402, 2006 The energy balance closure problem T. Foken et al. Title Page Abstract Discussions Some aspects of the energy balance closure problem T. Foken, F. Wimmer, M. Mauder, C. Thomas

Boyer, Edmond

16

ENERGY-BASED LIMIT CYCLE COMPENSATION FOR DYNAMICALLY BALANCING WHEELED INVERTED PENDULUM MACHINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY-BASED LIMIT CYCLE COMPENSATION FOR DYNAMICALLY BALANCING WHEELED INVERTED PENDULUM MACHINES are not well known. The effects of these non-linearities can be observed in the energy behavior of IP balancing. While in this paper we use an energy-based observer to detect and correct limit cycles while balancing

Dollar, Aaron M.

17

Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) has been installed collocated with each deployed ECOR system at the Southern Great Plains (SGP), North Slope of Alaska (NSA), Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), ARM Mobile Facility 1 (AMF1), and ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2). The surface energy balance system consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and soil measurements. The SEBS measurements allow the comparison of ECOR sensible and latent heat fluxes with the energy balance determined from the SEBS and provide information on wetting of the sensors for data quality purposes.

Cook, DR

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

18

California Energy Balance ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Balance Database ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH PIER Environmental Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/ environmental January 2012 The Issue Comprehensive and reliable energy statistics are essential for good policy analysis and for future projections of energy supply and demand. In 2005, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

19

Surface Energy Balance of the Taylor Glacier, Antarctica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G. L. Dana. Surface energy balance and meltwater productionice sheet: a comparison of energy-balance and a degree-dayvariations in the surface energy balance of haut glacier d

Bliss, Andrew

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Microsoft Word - Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

defines charges for balancing services, or generation inputs, that maintain a constant balance of the energy produced and energy consumed. "BPA and the parties involved in this...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

words, the sustainable energy balance serves as a goal forthe sustainable energy balance would mean a renewable energythe goal of a sustainable energy balance. Figure 2 shows how

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive EfficiencyTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyachieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WP 171 Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: ProgressiveTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along theconsumer desires. 1.2 Sustainable Energy Balance as the Goal

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Bioenergy technology balancing energy output with environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E2.3 Bioenergy technology 颅 balancing energy output with environmental benefitsbenefits John standards #12;Is it right to grow bioenergy? Or How much bioenergy production is right? #12;Historical bioenergy Farmers historically used 25% land for horse feed #12;Energy crops are `solar panels' Solar energy

Levi, Ran

26

Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:KeystoneSolarList ofPassiveMachineBalance Jump to:

27

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric energy balance Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Warming Energy Balance Summary: ? Atmosphere Warmer surface (Energy Balance) Greenhouse Effect 101: Energy Balance 12;What can affect... this balance? Atmosphere Warmer...

28

Energy Balance Bowen Ratio System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia Nanoparticles asSecond stage ofDefects on .HeatAdvancedEnergyAudits0

29

ARM - Measurement - Surface energy balance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearch Relatedcontentcharacteristics ARM Data Discoveryalbedo ARMenergy

30

Nuclear Dynamics at the Balance Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the mass dependence of various quantities (like the average and maximum density, collision rate, participant-spectator matter, temperature as well as time zones for higher density) by simulating the reactions at the energy of vanishing flow. This study is carried out within the framework of Quantum Molecular Dynamics model. Our findings clearly indicate an existence of a power law in all the above quantities calculated at the balance energy. The only significant mass dependence was obtained for the temperature reached in the central sphere. All other quantities are rather either insensitive or depend weakly on the system size at balance energy. The time zone for higher density as well as the time of maximal density and collision rate follow a power law inverse to the energy of vanishing flow.

Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

2003-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

31

Energy-momentum balance in particle - domain wall perforating collision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the energy-momentum balance in the perforating collision of a point particle with an infinitely thin planar domain wall within the linearized gravity in arbitrary dimensions. Since the metric of the wall increases with distance, the wall and the particle are never free, and their energy-momentum balance involves not only the instantaneous kinetic momenta, but also the non-local contribution of gravitational stresses. However, careful analysis shows that the stresses can be unambiguously divided between the colliding objects leading to definition of the gravitationally dressed momenta. These take into account for gravity in the same way as the potential energy does in the non-relativistic theory, but our treatment is fully relativistic. Another unusual feature of our problem is the non-vanishing flux of the total energy-momentum tensor through the lateral surface of the world tube. In this case the zero divergence of the energy-momentum tensor does not imply conservation of the total momentum defined as the integral over the space-like section of the tube. But one can still define the conservation low infinitesimally, passing to time derivatives of the momenta. Using this definition we establish the momentum balance in terms of the dressed particle and wall momenta.

D. V. Gal'tsov; E. Yu. Melkumova; P. A. Spirin

2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

32

Spatial Energy Balancing in Large-scale Wireless Multihop Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial Energy Balancing in Large-scale Wireless Multihop Networks Seung Jun Baek and Gustavo de is on optimizing trade-offs between the energy cost of spreading traffic and the improved spatial balance of energy. We propose a parameterized family of energy balancing strategies for grids and approximate

de Veciana, Gustavo

33

Energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics such as Bose-Einstein condensates. In agreement with the experiment [G. K. Campbell et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 170403 (2005)] variations of the Minkowski momentum are imprinted onto the phase, whereas the Abraham tensor drives the flow of the dielectric. Our analysis indicates that the Abraham-Minkowski controversy has its root in the Roentgen interaction of the electromagnetic field in dielectric media.

Ulf Leonhardt

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

34

Annual Uncosted Balances Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEF HISTORYAgencyLocal|Annual Uncosted Balances

35

Material Balance Report | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of EnergyDevelopment Accident TolerantDepartment ofMaterial Balance Report

36

Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload Muhammad Abdullah geographical load balancing techniques have been suggested for data centers hosting cloud computation in order to reduce energy cost by exploiting the electricity price differences across regions. However

Gupta, Rajesh

37

Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory By Lionel Roques1,*, Micka篓el D parameter estimation for one-dimensional energy balance models with mem- ory (EBMMs) given localized estimate is still possible in certain cases. Keywords: age dating; Bayesian inference; energy balance model

38

Course Title: Material and Energy Balances Instructor: Nader Aderangi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHE 202 Fall 2012 Course Title: Material and Energy Balances Instructor: Nader Aderangi Phone:25 AM 颅 12:40 PM Objective: To develop skills of material and energy balances for physical and chemical solution. 3. To provide students the basic concepts to formulate and solve material balances, energy

Heller, Barbara

39

THE 2001 NET ENERGY BALANCE OF CORN-ETHANOL (PRELIMINARY)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE 2001 NET ENERGY BALANCE OF CORN-ETHANOL (PRELIMINARY) Hosein Shapouri*, U.S. Department Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL. 60439 ABSTRACT This report estimates the net energy balance to produce ethanol and byproducts. The results indicate that corn ethanol has a positive energy balance, even

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

40

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION AND ENERGY BALANCE IN THE ELECTRODE DURING GMAW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I ll l ). TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION AND ENERGY BALANCE IN THE ELECTRODE DURING GMAW Yong-Seog Kim and Energy Balance in the Electrode during GMAW by Yong-Seog Kim and T.W. Eagar Department of Materials shielding gases (argon, helium, and C02) using the PHOENICS computer code. An energy balance analysis

Eagar, Thomas W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions In this chapter we want to study only to consider the heating/cooling balance of the temperature as a parameter of a known energy distribution by the balance of effects that depend on the particle energy. We can write down a continuity equation

Pohl, Martin Karl Wilhelm

42

Multiobjective calibration and sensitivity of a distributed land surface water and energy balance model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

identification and energy balance models on a tallgrassdata for surface energy balance evaluation of a semiaridWatershed. We are energy balance components over a semiarid

Houser, Paul R; Gupta, Hoshin V; Shuttleworth, W. James; Famiglietti, James S

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9421-3 ARTICLE Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above anmeasurements of urban energy balances generally have beenuxes Urban surface energy balance 1 Introduction Rapid

Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station (EBBR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy balance Bowen ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

Cook, DR

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

45

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FY 2002 BALANCED SCORECARD...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

OF ENERGY PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FY 2002 BALANCED SCORECARD : More Documents & Publications PBA2007 Presentation-short-6-19-07DOE&0; module 4 BalancedScorecardPerfAndMeth.pdf...

46

Canopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 2012. [1] To better estimate the radiation energy within and beneath the forest canopy for energy the energy balance and snowmelt beneath the forest canopy. Parsimony in terms of model complexity and dataCanopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model Vinod Mahat1 and David G

Tarboton, David

47

Evolution Effects on Parton Energy Loss with Detailed Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The initial conditions in the chemical non-equilibrated medium and Bjorken expanding medium at RHIC are determined. With a set of rate equations describing the chemical equilibration of quarks and gluons based on perturbative QCD, we investigate the consequence for parton evolution at RHIC. With considering parton evolution, it is shown that the Debye screening mass and the inverse mean free-path of gluons reduce with increasing proper time in the QGP medium. The parton evolution affects the parton energy loss with detailed balance, both parton energy loss from stimulated emission in the chemical non-equilibrated expanding medium and in Bjorken expanding medium are linear dependent on the propagating distance rather than square dependent in the static medium. The energy absorption can not be neglected at intermediate jet energies and small propagating distance of the energetic parton in contrast with that it is important only at intermediate jet energy in the static medium. This will increase the energy and propagating distance dependence of the parton energy loss and will affect the shape of suppression of moderately high P_T hadron spectra.

Luan cheng; Enke Wang

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

48

Original article Effect of tillage on bare soil energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Effect of tillage on bare soil energy balance and thermal regime: an experimental; accepted 26 May 1998) Abstract - The effects of tillage on the energy balance and temperature of bare soil were studied using three plots that had different soil structures due to different times of seedbed

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

49

Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

Nannarelli, Alberto

50

Conservation Balance in General: Revisiting Energy Conservation M. Kostic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Balance in General: Revisiting Energy Conservation M. Kostic .kostic.niu.edu/energy > In general for all conserved "properties" the "netIn" refers to a property net-in-flow through the boundary of property. Therefore, the conservation balance law may be expressed in general as: In=Increase+Out or net

Kostic, Milivoje M.

51

Balanced homodyne detectors and Casimir energy densities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We recall and generalize the analysis of the output of the so-called balanced homodyne detectors. The most important feature of these detectors is their ability to quantify the vacuum fluctuations of the electric field, that is expectation values of products of (quantum-) electric-field operators. More precisely, the output of BHDs provides information on the one- and two-point functions of arbitrary states of quantum fields. We generalize the analysis of the response of BHDs to the case of quantum fields under influence of static external conditions such as cavities or polarizable media. By recalling the expressions for two-point functions of quantum fields in Casimir geometries we show, that a rich, position- and frequency-dependent pattern of BHD responses is predicted for ground states. This points to a potentially new characterization of quantum fields in Casimir setups which would not only complement the current global methods (Casimir forces), but also improve understanding of sub-vacuum energy densities present in some regions in these geometries.

P. Marecki

2008-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

52

Relative efficiency of land surface energy balance components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1] The partitioning of available energy into dissipative fluxes over land surfaces is dependent on the state variable of the surface energy balance (land surface temperature) and the state variable of the surface water ...

Bateni, S. M.

53

The energy balance in polars revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the EXOSAT and ROSAT eras a significant number of polars were found to show a soft/hard X-ray ratio much greater than that expected from the standard accretion shock model. This was known as the `soft X-ray excess'. We have made an snapshot survey of polars using XMM-Newton and determined their soft/hard ratios. We find that less than one in five of systems show a significant soft X-ray excess, while the rest show ratios consistent with that predicted by the standard model. We have investigated the discrepancy between this and the previous investigations by re-examining all the available ROSAT PSPC pointed observations of polars using more recent calibrations than in the original studies. We find that these data show an energy balance ratio which is broadly consistent with that of our XMM-Newton results. We conclude that the previous studies were affected by the data being less well calibrated. We discuss which physical mechanisms might give rise to a high soft X-ray excess and whether systems with high ratios show more variation in soft X-rays. Surprisingly, we find that 6 out of 21 systems found in a high accretion state did not show a distinct soft X-ray component. Two systems showed one pole with such a component and one which did not. Based on the ratio of the observed soft X-ray to UV flux measurements (which were obtained simultaneously using the Optical Monitor) we suggest that this is because the reprocessed component in these systems is cool enough to have moved out of the soft X-ray band and into the EUV or UV band.

Gavin Ramsay; Mark Cropper

2003-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

54

The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. , Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductanceon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.reserved. Keywords: Energy balance; Forest fire; Boreal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types surface, including radiation balance, energy partitioning, aerodynamic characteristics, leaf area index records of the surface energy balance are currently available for grassland ecosystems, especially

Chen, Jiquan

56

Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999) The energy balance of central Mexico City during theEnergy and radiation balance of a central European city. IntT (1999) Energy balance ?uxes in a subtropical city: Miami

Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Triage: Balancing Energy and Quality of Service in a Microserver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Triage: Balancing Energy and Quality of Service in a Microserver Nilanjan Banerjee Jacob Sorber and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post

Ganesan, Deepak

58

Balancing Image Quality and Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Image Quality and Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks Kit-Yee Chow, King by hop through the sensor network. To reduce the energy used in transmission, the size of the images studies the tradeoff between image quality and energy consumption. We study the scenario that a number

Tam, Vincent W. L.

59

Electrolysis for Energy Storage & Grid Balancing in West Denmark  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrolysis for Energy Storage & Grid Balancing in West Denmark A possible first step toward. Economic Assessment 30 6. Other Methods for Storing Energy 34 Work Method & Acknowledgements This project between the original stakeholders who were, Dansk Fjenrvarmev忙rkers Forening (DFF), Norsk Hydro Energy

60

New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance, which considers the energy flows within the climate system a perturbation of this energy balance, through a modification of the energy flows in the polluted atmosphere

Fischlin, Andreas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Parton Energy Loss with Detailed Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stimulated gluon emission and thermal absorption in addition to induced radiation are considered for an energetic parton propagating inside a quark- gluon plasma. In the presence of thermal gluons, stimulated emission reduces while absorption increases the parton's energy. The net effect is a reduction of the parton energy loss. Though decreasing asymptotically as $T/E$ with the parton energy, the relative reduction is found to be important for intermediate energies. The modified energy dependence of the energy loss will affect the shape of suppression of moderately high $p_T$ hadrons due to jet quenching in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.

Enke Wang; Xin-Nian Wang

2001-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

62

Isospin effects on the mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isotopic systems with N/Z = 1.16 and 1.33 as well as isobaric systems with N/Z = 1.0 and 1.4. Our findings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

63

Isospin effects on the mass dependence of the balance energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isotopic systems with N/A= 0.54 and 0.57 as well as isobaric systems with N/A= 0.5 and 0.58. Our findings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

Gautam, Sakshi [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014 (India); Sood, Aman D. [SUBATECH, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et des Technologies Associees, Universite de Nantes, IN2P3/CNRS, EMN 4 rue Alfred Kastler, F-44072 Nantes (France)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), biomass heat storage (Sv) and photosynthetic energy storage (Sp). Soil heat storage Sg can be furtherOriginal article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf evapotranspiration in a mixed deciduous not be omitted. On a seasonal basis soil heat storage seems to be the most important term. The overall heat

Boyer, Edmond

65

PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance Huai-Xiang Hao*, Caleb M. Cardon*, Wojtek, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 Edited by Steven L. McKnight, University in a cell-autonomous manner to maintain cellular energy homeostasis and is a potential therapeutic target

Rutter, Jared

66

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005. Development of Energy Balances for the State ofIEA). 2010. World Energy Balance, 1971 to 2008. Paris: IEA.REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Energy balance for uranium recovery from seawater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy return on investment (EROI) of an energy resource is the ratio of the energy it ultimately produces to the energy used to recover it. EROI is a key viability measure for a new recovery technology, particularly in its early stages of development when financial cost assessment would be premature or highly uncertain. This paper estimates the EROI of uranium recovery from seawater via a braid adsorbent technology. In this paper, the energy cost of obtaining uranium from seawater is assessed by breaking the production chain into three processes: adsorbent production, adsorbent deployment and mooring, and uranium elution and purification. Both direct and embodied energy inputs are considered. Direct energy is the energy used by the processes themselves, while embodied energy is used to fabricate their material, equipment or chemical inputs. If the uranium is used in a once-through fuel cycle, the braid adsorbent technology EROI ranges from 12 to 27, depending on still-uncertain performance and system design parameters. It is highly sensitive to the adsorbent capacity in grams of U captured per kg of adsorbent as well as to potential economies in chemical use. This compares to an EROI of ca. 300 for contemporary terrestrial mining. It is important to note that these figures only consider the mineral extraction step in the fuel cycle. At a reference performance level of 2.76 g U recovered per kg adsorbent immersed, the largest energy consumers are the chemicals used in adsorbent production (63%), anchor chain mooring system fabrication and operations (17%), and unit processes in the adsorbent production step (12%). (authors)

Schneider, E.; Lindner, H. [The University of Texas, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy in order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may find it possible to shift Siderius ABSTRACT We argue that a primary focus on energy efficiency may not be sufficient to slow (and

Diamond, Richard

69

Free energy balance in gyrokinetic turbulence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Free energy plays an important role in gyrokinetic theory, since it is known to be a nonlinear invariant. Its evolution equations are derived and analyzed for the case of ion temperature gradient driven turbulence, using the formalism adopted in the Gene code. In particular, the ion temperature gradient drive, the collisional dissipation as well as entropy/electrostatic energy transfer channels represented by linear curvature and parallel terms are analyzed in detail.

Banon Navarro, A.; Morel, P.; Albrecht-Marc, M.; Carati, D. [Statistical and Plasma Physics Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium); Merz, F.; Goerler, T.; Jenko, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Energy Efficiency Indicators Methodology Booklet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. Paris: IEA 2007b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries:Energy燘alance..燼t a level of an energy balance are necessary to develop

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Pressure Balance between Thermal and Non-Thermal Plasmas in the 3C129 Cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With new Chandra observations of the cluster containing the two radio galaxies 3C129 and 3C129.1, we have made a fit to the X-ray surface brightness to obtain thermal pressures. VLA data at 1.4 GHz have been obtained to complement previous maps at 0.33 GHz and at 5 and 8 GHz. From these radio data, we are able to derive the minimum non-thermal pressure of various emitting volumes along the tail of 3C129 and in the lobes of 3C129.1. Under the assumption that the non-thermal plasma excludes significant thermal plasma, we may expect pressure balance for most features since ram pressure should be important only close to the cores of the galaxies. Since we find that the minimum non-thermal pressures are generally only a factor of a few below estimates of the ambient thermal pressure, we conclude that it is unlikely that relativistic protons contribute significantly to the total pressure. Reasonable contributions from low energy electrons and filling factors in the range 0.1 to 1 suffice to achieve pressure balance. Although we do not find strong signatures for the exclusion of hot gas from the radio structures, we find soft features near the cores of both galaxies suggestive of cool gas stripping and hard features associated with radio jets and possibly a leading bow shock.

D. E. Harris; H. Krawczynski

2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

72

Co2balance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy ResourcesInformationWindpowerHill,Deep Store

73

3. Energy conversion, balances, efficiency, equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

| 20500 Turku | Finland #12;15/124 3.2: Energy transfer, First Law of Thermodynamics, Work, Power, Heat 90/124 Heat work: power cycles /1 An air power cycle and its p-V diagram 12: Heat-up at constant is to produce work (i.e. generate power) using the incoming heat streams, the thermal efficiency or Carnot

Zevenhoven, Ron

74

Ch4. Atmosphere and Surface Energy Balances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than red light. #12;The Electromagnetic Spectrum 8% 47% 45% 100% solar radiation #12;Blue Sky, Red;Energy Pathways #12;Solar radiation transfer in the atmosphere Solar radiation Reflection Atmosphere or performing any work. #12;Solar radiation transfer in the atmosphere Solar radiation Reflection Transmission

Pan, Feifei

75

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysts assessing energy policies and energy modelers forecasting future trends need to have access to reliable and concise energy statistics. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory evaluated several sources of California energy data, primarily from the California Energy Commission and the U.S. Energy Information Administration, to develop the California Energy Balance Database (CALEB). This database manages highly disaggregated data on energy supply, transformation, and end-use consumption for each type of energy commodity from 1990 to the most recent year available (generally 2001) in the form of an energy balance, following the methodology used by the International Energy Agency. This report presents the data used for CALEB and provides information on how the various data sources were reconciled. CALEB offers the possibility of displaying all energy flows in numerous ways (e.g.,physical units, Btus, petajoules, different levels of aggregation), facilitating comparisons among the different types of energy commodities and different end-use sectors. In addition to displaying energy data, CALEB can also be used to calculate state-level energy-related carbon dioxide emissions using the methodology of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control Nitin Kumar are optimized to balance energy consumption across the network. This paper formulates an en颅 ergy balance颅 nalized for their important role in network operation. While route selection to balance energy [13], [31

Simha, Rahul

77

Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations are more interested in water and carbon balances, quantifying forest energy balance offers insights to how Accepted 9 September 2009 Keywords: Energy balance Evapotranspiration Forest albedo Forest hydrology

Noormets, Asko

78

Balanced Scorecard Program | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles 禄 Alternative FuelNewsWashingtonAudits &Department

79

Balanced Scorecard Archive | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEFApril 2015 ProjectAsset|3Business

80

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable sources of energy supply must also be part of the equation, an equation that becomes much easier to balance when demand growth

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable sources of energy supply must also be part of the equation, an equation that becomes much easier to balance when demand growth

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Sandia National Laboratories: balance energy characteristics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NREL Release Wavearc-fault circuitatomicaxial-flow turbinebalance

83

ParkingMeter: Balancing Energy Savings and Service Availability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ParkingMeter: Balancing Energy Savings and Service Availability Riccardo Crepaldi University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign rcrepal2@illinois.edu Ryan Welsh University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign rjwelsh2@illinois.edu Robin H. Kravets University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign rhk@illinois

Kravets, Robin

84

Balancing the vacuum energy in heterotic $M$-theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Moduli stabilisation is explored in the context of low-energy heterotic $M$-theory to show that a small value of the cosmological constant can result from a balance between the negative potential energy left over from stabilising the moduli and a positive Casimir energy from the higher dimensions. Supersymmetry breaking is induced by the fermion boundary conditions on the two branes in the theory. An explicit calculation of the Casimir energy for the gravitino reveals that the energy has the correct sign, although the size of the contribution is close to the edge of the parameter range for which the calculation is valid.

Nasr Ahmed; Ian G. Moss

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

85

Development of Data Quality Control Limits for Data Screening through the "Energy Balance" Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

screening using Energy Balance methodology (Shao and Claridge, 2005). Energy Balance (EBL) parameter represents quasi-steady state thermal energy storage in a building and indicates a predominant linear behavior when it is plotted versus the outside air...

Masuda, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D.

86

Isospin dependence of balance energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) picture, we attempt to understand the nature of transverse flow in $_{28}Ni^{58}+_{28}Ni^{58}$ and $_{26}Fe^{58}+_{26}Fe^{58}$ systems at wide range of energies and impact parameters. The isospin dependence of balance energy in transverse flow is clearly visible. The results are compared with the experimental data available.

Varinderjit Kaur; Dolly Sood; Suneel Kumar

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

87

Analytical study of the energy rate balance equation for the magnetospheric storm-ring current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical study of the energy rate balance equation for the magnetospheric storm-ring current A. L of the analytical integration of the energy rate balance equation, assum- ing that the input energy rate of the energy function to ht times a constant factor in the energy rate balance equation (e.g. Gonzalez et al

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

88

Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for building load calculations; Exterior heat balance (CD-for building load calculations; Exterior heat balance (CD-for Building Load Calculations; Exterior Heat Balance (CD-

Yaghoobian, Neda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Energy-Aware Load Balancing in Content Delivery Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internet-scale distributed systems such as content delivery networks (CDNs) operate hundreds of thousands of servers deployed in thousands of data center locations around the globe. Since the energy costs of operating such a large IT infrastructure are a significant fraction of the total operating costs, we argue for redesigning CDNs to incorporate energy optimizations as a first-order principle. We propose techniques to turn off CDN servers during periods of low load while seeking to balance three key design goals: maximize energy reduction, minimize the impact on client-perceived service availability (SLAs), and limit the frequency of on-off server transitions to reduce wear-and-tear and its impact on hardware reliability. We propose an optimal offline algorithm and an online algorithm to extract energy savings both at the level of local load balancing within a data center and global load balancing across data centers. We evaluate our algorithms using real production workload traces from a large commercial ...

Mathew, Vimal; Shenoy, Prashant

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Sub-grid parameterization of snow distribution for an energy and mass balance snow cover model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sub-grid parameterization of snow distribution for an energy and mass balance snow cover model model of the lumped snowpack mass and energy balance applied to a 26-ha rangeland catchment with high (Af). The energy state variable is evolved through an energy balance. The snow water equivalence state

91

N/Z dependence of balance energy throughout the colliding geometries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the N/Z dependence of balance energy throughout the mass range for colliding geometry varying from central to peripheral ones. Our results indicate that balance energy decreases linearly with increase in N/Z ratio for all the masses throughout the colliding geometry range. Also, the N/Z dependence of balance energy is sensitive to symmetry energy.

Sakshi Gautam; Rajeev K. Puri

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

92

The global energy balance from a surface perspective Martin Wild Doris Folini Christoph Schar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The global energy balance from a surface perspective Martin Wild 路 Doris Folini 路 Christoph Scha of the global energy balance, the radiative energy exchanges between Sun, Earth and space are now accurately to constrain the global energy balance not only from space, but also from the surface. We combine

Fischlin, Andreas

93

ESTIMATING DAMPING PARAMETERS IN MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM VIBRATION SYSTEMS BY BALANCING ENERGY0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATING DAMPING PARAMETERS IN MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM VIBRATION SYSTEMS BY BALANCING ENERGY0 B is outlined, involving a balance of dissipated and supplied energies over a cycle of pe- riodic vibration a damping estimation method based on the balance of energy. The idea is to compute the energy input per

Feeny, Brian

94

INTRODUCTION The ability to balance the acquisition and storage of energy is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3160 INTRODUCTION The ability to balance the acquisition and storage of energy is essential energy balance and storage (Stubbs and Tolkamp, 2006). Despite tight regulation of energy homeostasis, there are individual differences in energy balance (Speakman, 2004). This is due, in large part, to interactions

Sokolowski, Marla

95

Ocean Heat Transport, Sea Ice, and Multiple Climate States: Insights from Energy Balance Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several extensions of energy balance models (EBMs) are explored in which (i) sea ice acts to insulate the

Rose, Brian Edward James

96

Contractor Purchasing Balanced Scorecard for FY 2010 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart GridThird Quarter Overall ContractPurchasing Balanced

97

Framework for Coupling Room Air Models to Heat Balance Model Load and Energy Calculations (RP-1222)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Framework for Coupling Room Air Models to Heat Balance Model Load and Energy Calculations (RP in a program for hourly load calculations of a single thermal zone. The heat balance model for load and energy to heat balance model load and energy calculations," HVAC&R Research, 10(2), 91-111. #12;2 路 Mixed

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

98

A Finite Element Algorithm of a Nonlinear Diffusive Climate Energy Balance Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Finite Element Algorithm of a Nonlinear Diffusive Climate Energy Balance Model R. BERMEJO,1 J. This model belongs to the category of energy balance models introduced independently by the climatologists M climate. The energy balance model we are dealing with consists of a two-dimensional nonlinear parabolic

D铆az, Jes煤s Ildefonso

99

Load-Balanced Routing Scheme for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load-Balanced Routing Scheme for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks Fatma Bouabdallah, Nizar. In this paper, we investigate the potential energy conservation achieved by balancing the traffic throughout, load balancing, performance analysis. I. INTRODUCTION In order to minimize the energy consumption

Boutaba, Raouf

100

SUBGRID PARAMETERIZATION OF SNOW DISTRIBUTION FOR AN ENERGY AND MASS BALANCE SNOW COVER MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUBGRID PARAMETERIZATION OF SNOW DISTRIBUTION FOR AN ENERGY AND MASS BALANCE SNOW COVER MODEL & Sons, Ltd. #12;1 SUBGRID PARAMETERIZATION OF SNOW DISTRIBUTION FOR AN ENERGY AND MASS BALANCE SNOW of the lumped snowpack mass and energy balance applied to a 26-ha rangeland catchment with high spatial

Tarboton, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A Scalable Model for Energy Load Balancing in Large-scale Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Scalable Model for Energy Load Balancing in Large-scale Sensor Networks Seung Jun Baek we consider how one might achieve more balanced energy burdens across the network by spreading sinks change their locations to balance the energy burdens incurred accross the network nodes [1

de Veciana, Gustavo

102

Improving the Energy Balance of Field-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the Energy Balance of Field-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Goce Trajcevski of the network merge into a single path. These path merging effects decrease significantly the energy balance deployments. When multiple sources transmit infor- mation simultaneously, together with energy balancing

Bustamante, Fabi谩n E.

103

Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Siyuan Chen Minsu Huang. In this paper, we aim to study the impact of cooperative routing on balancing the energy distribution among their transmission power, our cooperative routing method can balance the energy among neighboring nodes and maximize

Wang, Yu

104

AN OPERATIONAL WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ALGORITHM FOR PUERTO RICO Eric Harmsen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN OPERATIONAL WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ALGORITHM FOR PUERTO RICO Eric Harmsen Department.com In this study an operational water and energy balance algorithm for Puerto Rico (GOES- PRWEB) was developed. In the algorithm, an energy balance approach is used to estimate actual evapotranspiration, which

Gilbes, Fernando

105

I. Abstract Vegetation plays an important role in the surface energy and water balance of wetlands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

55 I. Abstract Vegetation plays an important role in the surface energy and water balance or reverse the downward trend in streamflow. In this study, we investigated the energy and water balance had been sprayed with herbicide (and remained only as dead, standing biomass). Energy balance

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

106

Complementary relationship of evaporation and the mean annual water-energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complementary relationship of evaporation and the mean annual water-energy balance Jozsef Szilagyi1 and the mean annual water-energy balance, Water Resour. Res., 45, W09201, doi:10.1029/2009WR008129. [2] Gerrits balance necessarily operates at the catchment scale, plus E0 depends predominantly on the available energy

Szilagyi, Jozsef

107

Energy Balancing Routing Schemes for Low-Power Wireless Networks Eun-Sook Sung, Miodrag Potkonjak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Balancing Routing Schemes for Low-Power Wireless Networks Eun-Sook Sung, Miodrag Potkonjak}@cs.ucla.edu Abstract-- We address the problem of energy balancing in multi-hop wireless networks to optimize results show, firstly, that both schemes achieve significant improvement of energy balancing proportional

Potkonjak, Miodrag

108

A Cluster-based Energy Balancing Scheme in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Cluster-based Energy Balancing Scheme in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks Jing Ai, Damla,turgut,lboloni}@cpe.ucf.edu Abstract. In this paper, we propose a novel, cluster-based energy balancing scheme. We assume the existence significant improvements in energy balancing leading to a longer con- nected time of the network

B枚l枚ni, Ladislau L

109

The Core Degree Based Tag Reduction on Chip Multiprocessor to Balance Energy Saving and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Core Degree Based Tag Reduction on Chip Multiprocessor to Balance Energy Saving and Performance on a single-core processor. In this paper, we further investigate the problem on balancing energy saving such that the best balance of energy and performance can be achieved. In particular, as the basis

Boyer, Edmond

110

INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS M of the surface energy balance of urban areas, based on both experimental investigations and numerical models in urban areas is commonly limited to a few sites, often just at airports. The surface energy balance

Ribes, Aur閘ien

111

Spatial and Temporal Transferability of a Distributed Energy-Balance Glacier Melt Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial and Temporal Transferability of a Distributed Energy-Balance Glacier Melt Model ANDREW H model transferability, a distributed energy-balance melt model (DEBM) is applied to two small glaciers- face energy balance, and empirically based melt models, which correlate melt with temperature

Flowers, Gwenn

112

Teaching Energy Balance using Round Numbers: A Quantitative Approach to the Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Teaching Energy Balance using Round Numbers: A Quantitative Approach to the Greenhouse Effect, 2003 Abstract The idea of energy balance used to explain the greenhouse effect and global warming and astronomy curricula. The idea of energy balance is used to explain the greenhouse effect and global warming

Blais, Brian

113

Coordinated Home Energy Management for Real-Time Power Balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper proposes a coordinated home energy management system (HEMS) architecture where the distributed residential units cooperate with each other to achieve real-time power balancing. The economic benefits for the retailer and incentives for the customers to participate in the proposed coordinated HEMS program are given. We formulate the coordinated HEMS design problem as a dynamic programming (DP) and use approximate DP approaches to efficiently handle the design problem. A distributed implementation algorithm based on the convex optimization based dual decomposition technique is also presented. Our focus in the current paper is on the deferrable appliances, such as Plug-in (Hybrid) Electric Vehicles (PHEV), in view of their higher impact on the grid stability. Simulation results shows that the proposed coordinated HEMS architecture can efficiently improve the real-time power balancing.

Chang, Tsung-Hui; Scaglione, Anna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

With respect to energy balance in mobile ad hoc networks, there have been active researches proposing energy-aware  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT With respect to energy balance in mobile ad hoc networks, there have been active of energy-related metrics to find the most energy- balancing route in route discovery procedure. However there have been few works touching the energy balance during data transmission that is addressed

Yu, Chansu

115

Elliptic flow in heavy ion collisions near the balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proton elliptic flow in collisions of Ca on Ca at energies from 30 to 100 MeV/nucleon is studied in an isospin-dependent transport model. With increasing incident energy, the elliptic flow shows a transition from positive to negative flow. Its magnitude depends on both the nuclear equation of state (EOS) and the nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section. Different elliptic flows are obtained for a stiff EOS with free nucleon-nucleon cross sections and a soft EOS with reduced nucleon-nucleon cross sections, although both lead to vanishing in-plane transverse flow at the same balance energy. The study of both in-plane and elliptic flows at intermediate energies thus provides a means to extract simultaneously the information on the nuclear equation of state and the nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section in medium.

Yu-Ming Zheng; C. M. Ko; Bao-An Li; Bin Zhang

1999-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

116

Effects of Isospin Asymmetry and In-Medium Corrections on Balance Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of an isospin asymmetry and in-medium corrections to the nucleon collision cross section on the balance energy are explored. The BUU model for intermediate energy heavy-ion collisions is used with isospin-dependent mean fields to calculate the balance energies of 58Fe + 58Fe and 58Ni + 58Ni for a range of impact parameters. We find that we are able to reproduce the impact parameter dependence of the balance energy, and the sign (but not the magnitude) of the shift in balance balance energy as a function of isospin asymmetry.

Frank Daffin; Wolfgang Bauer

1998-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

117

Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy ?ows within cities and their surrounding areas.energy balance measurements over a new exurban residential area near Kansas City,

Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

TECHNICAL REPORT TR09-02, COMNET, TECHNION, ISRAEL 1 Energy-Constrained Balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TECHNICAL REPORT TR09-02, COMNET, TECHNION, ISRAEL 1 Energy-Constrained Balancing Yossi Kanizo, David Hay, and Isaac Keslassy Abstract--This paper defines and analyzes a fundamental energy-constrained balancing problem, in which elements need to be balanced across resources in order to minimize

Keslassy, Isaac

119

Investigating the possibilities of energy balance modelling with more moderate input data. Development and testing, Griesgletscher, Switzerland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A distributed surface energy balance model has been developed to simulate mass balance at an hourly resolution. The model is applied to a 25 m resolution digital elevation model of a valley glacier in Switzerland. The three main energy balance...

Thompson, Sarah

120

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculated time integrated energy balance term in the 5 thCalculated time integrated energy balance term in the 5 thof air tightness and energy balance Hyung-Mok Kim 1 , Jonny

Kim, H.-M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Earth's Energy Out of Balance: The Smoking Gun for Global Warming April, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evaluated the energy imbalance using precise measurements of ocean temperature obtained by ocean floatsEarth's Energy Out of Balance: The Smoking Gun for Global Warming April, 2005 Scientists at Columbia University, NASA, and the Department of Energy have found that the Earth is out of energy balance

Hansen, James E.

122

Flow Effects on Jet Energy Loss with Detailed Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the presence of collective flow a new model potential describing the interaction of the hard jet with scattering centers is derived based on the static color-screened Yukawa potential. The flow effect on jet quenching with detailed balance is investigated in pQCD. It turns out, considering the collective flow with velocity $v_z$ along the jet direction, the collective flow decreases the LPM destructive interference comparing to that in the static medium. The gluon absorption plays a more important role in the moving medium. The collective flow increases the energy gain from gluon absorption, however, decreases the energy loss from gluon radiation, which is $(1 - v_z )$ times as that in the static medium to the first order of opacity. In the presence of collective flow, the second order in opacity correction is relatively small compared to the first order. So that the total effective energy loss is decreased. The flow dependence of the energy loss will affect the suppression of high $p_T$ hadron spectrum and anisotropy parameter $v_2$ in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.

Luan Cheng; Jia Liu; Enke Wang

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

123

Energy Balance in the Solar Transition Region. IV. Hydrogen and Helium Mass Flows With Diffusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we have extended our previous modeling of energy balance in the chromosphere-corona transition region to cases with particle and mass flows. The cases considered here are quasi-steady, and satisfy the momentum and energy balance equations in the transition region. We include in all equations the flow velocity terms and neglect the partial derivatives with respect to time. We present a complete and physically consistent formulation and method for solving the non-LTE and energy balance equations in these situations, including both particle diffusion and flows of H and He. Our results show quantitatively how mass flows affect the ionization and radiative losses of H and He, thereby affecting the structure and extent of the transition region. Also, our computations show that the H and He line profiles are greatly affected by flows. We find that line shifts are much less important than the changes in line intensity and central reversal due to the effects of flows. In this paper we use fixed conditions at the base of the transition region and in the chromosphere because our intent is to show the physical effects of flows and not to match any particular observations. However, we note that the profiles we compute can explain the range of observed high spectral and spatial resolution Lyman alpha profiles from the quiet Sun. We suggest that dedicated modeling of specific sequences of observations based on physically consistent methods like those presented here will substantially improve our understanding of the energy balance in the chromosphere and corona.

J. M. Fontenla; E. H. Avrett; R. Loeser

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

124

WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING Eric. W Management of water resources relies on estimates of the hydrologic water balance within defined and/or similar land use. Components of the water balance include precipitation, actual

Gilbes, Fernando

125

Multifragmentation at the balance energy of mass asymmetric colliding nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the quantum molecular dynamics model, we study the role of mass asymmetry of colliding nuclei on the fragmentation at the balance energy and on its mass dependence. The study is done by keeping the total mass of the system fixed as 40, 80, 160, and 240 and by varying the mass asymmetry of the ($\\eta$ = $\\frac{A_{T}-A_{P}}{A_{T}+A_{P}}$; where $A_{T}$ and $A_{P}$ are the masses of the target and projectile, respectively) reaction from 0.1 to 0.7. Our results clearly indicate a sizeable effect of the mass asymmetry on the multiplicity of various fragments. The mass asymmetry dependence of various fragments is found to increase with increase in total system mass (except for heavy mass fragments). Similar to symmetric reactions, a power law system mass dependence of various fragment multiplicities is also found to exit for large asymmetries.

Supriya Goyal

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

126

Benchmarking Non-Hardware Balance of System (Soft) Costs for U.S. Photovoltaic Systems Using a Data-Driven Analysis from PV Installer Survey Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents results from the first U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored, bottom-up data-collection and analysis of non-hardware balance-of-system costs--often referred to as 'business process' or 'soft' costs--for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems.

Ardani, K.; Barbose, G.; Margolis, R.; Wiser, R.; Feldman, D.; Ong, S.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Final Report Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in ventilation rate standards for Big Box stores in California: predicted indoor air quality and energy consumption using a matrix of ventilation scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MG. (2010). Balancing energy conservation and occupant needsReport牋 Balancing爀nergy燾onservation燼nd爋ccupant爊eeds燫eport Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in

Apte, Michael G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Correlation between balance energy and transition energy for symmetric colliding nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the correlation between balance energy and transition energy of fragments in heavy-ion collisions for different systems at incident energies between 40 and 1200 MeV/nucleon using an isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. With increasing incident energy, the elliptic flow shows a transition from positive (in-plane) to negative (out-of-plane) flow. This transition energy is found to depend on the size of the fragments, composite mass of the reacting system, and the impact parameter of the reaction. It has been observed that a reduced cross section can explain the experimental data. There is a correlation between transition energy and balance energy as their difference decreases with an increase in the total mass of colliding nuclei.

Rajni,; Kumar, Suneel; Puri, Rajeev K. [School of Physics and Materials Science, Thapar University, Patiala-147004, Punjab (India); Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014 (India)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Correlation between balance energy and transition energy for symmetric colliding nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the correlation between balance energy and transition energy of fragment in heavy-ion collisions for different systems at incident energies between 40 and 1200 MeV/nucleon using an isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. With increasing incident energy, the elliptic flow shows a transition from positive (in-plane) to negative (out-of-plane) flow. This transition energy is found to depend on the size of fragments, composite mass of reacting system, and the impact parameter of reaction. It has been observed that reduced cross-section can explain the experimental data. There is a correlation between transition energy and balance energy as their difference decreases with increase in the total mass of colliding nuclei.

Rajni; Suneel Kumar; Rajeev K. Puri

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

130

Experimental balance energies and isospin-dependent nucleon-nucleon cross-sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of different isospin-dependent cross-section on directed flow is studied for variety of systems(for which experimental balance energies are available) using an isospin-dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamic (IQMD) model. We show that balance energies are sensitive towards isospin-dependent cross-sections for light systems, while nearly no effect exist for heavier nuclei. A reduced cross-section $\\sigma = 0.9\\sigma_{NN}$ with stiff equation of state is able to explain experimental balance energies in most of systems. A power law behaviour is also given for the mass dependence of balance energy, which also follow N/Z dependence.

Sanjeev Kumar; Rajni; Suneel Kumar

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

131

Relationship Between Wind Generation and Balancing Energy Market Prices in ERCOT: 2007-2009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper attempts to measure the average marginal effects of wind generation on the balancing-energy market price in ERCOT with the help of econometric analysis.

Nicholson, E.; Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid (more)

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

A Dynamic Query-tree Energy Balancing Protocol for Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Dynamic Query-tree Energy Balancing Protocol for Sensor Networks H. Yang, F. Ye and B. Sikdar a "Dynamic Query-tree Energy Balancing" (DQEB) protocol to dynamically adjust the tree structure and minimize networks. In [15] it has been shown that the minimum- energy broadcast tree problem is NP

Sikdar, Biplab

134

An Opportunistic Scheduler To Balance Performance Measures and Energy Consumption in Wireless Networks: Design and Implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Opportunistic Scheduler To Balance Performance Measures and Energy Consumption in Wireless scheduler that can balance the energy consumption by an idle system and the performance of motion prediction Chinese University of Hong Kong Shatin, Hong Kong cslui@cse.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract Energy management

Yau, David K Y

135

RIS-M-2261 THE USE OF MASS AND ENERGY BALANCES FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RIS?-M-2261 THE USE OF MASS AND ENERGY BALANCES FOR OBSERVATION IN PROCESS PLANT DIAGNOSIS Morten; CONSERVATION LAWS; CONTROL SYSTEMS; DATA PROCESSING; ENERGY BALANCE; FLOW MODELS; MAN-MACHINE SYSTEM; MASS Lind and Hans Talmon Abstract. A method is described that uses the invariant mass and energy

136

Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky Abstract This paper considers energy constrained routing pro- tocols and workload balancing techniques for improving MANET routing protocols and energy efficiency. We give new routing protocol

Zelikovsky, Alexander

137

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System J. Cai and J- tion of commercial refrigeration system, featuring balanced system energy consumption and food quality energy consumption and food quality loss, at varying ambient condition, in a supermarket refrigeration

Skogestad, Sigurd

138

Measurements of sideward flow around the balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sideward flow values have been determined with the INDRA multidetector for Ar+Ni, Ni+Ni and Xe+Sn systems studied at GANIL in the 30 to 100 A.MeV incident energy range. The balance energies found for Ar+Ni and Ni+Ni systems are in agreement with previous experimental results and theoretical calculations. Negative sideward flow values have been measured. The possible origins of such negative values are discussed. They could result from a more important contribution of evaporated particles with respect to the contribution of promptly emitted particles at mid-rapidity. But effects induced by the methods used to reconstruct the reaction plane cannot be totally excluded. Complete tests of these methods are presented and the origins of the ``auto-correlation'' effect have been traced back. For heavy fragments, the observed negative flow values seem to be mainly due to the reaction plane reconstruction methods. For light charged particles, these negative values could result from the dynamics of the collisions and from the reaction plane reconstruction methods as well. These effects have to be taken into account when comparisons with theoretical calculations are done.

INDRA collaboration; D. Cussol; T. Lefort; J. P閠er

2001-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

139

Efficient Energy-Balancing in Multipath RPL Oana Iova1, Fabrice Theoleyre 1 and Thomas Noel1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Energy-Balancing in Multipath RPL Oana Iova1, Fabrice Theoleyre 1 and Thomas Noel1 1ICube the global energy consumption, we aim here at designing an energy-balancing routing protocol: each node. Keywords: RPL, multipath, energy efficiency, energy-balancing, WSN, network lifetime 1 Introduction Routing

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

140

Conceptual understanding of climate change with a globally resolved energy balance model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conceptual understanding of climate change with a globally resolved energy balance model Dietmar on the surface energy balance by very simple repre- sentations of solar and thermal radiation, the atmospheric and cold regions to warm more than other regions. Keywords Climate dynamics 脕 Climate change 脕 Climate

Dommenget, Dietmar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Effect of mass asymmetry on the mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate the role of the mass asymmetry on the balance energy (Ebal) by studying asymmetric reactions throughout the periodic table and over entire colliding geometry. Our results, which are almost independent of the system size and as well as of the colliding geometries indicate a sizeable effect of the asymmetry of the reaction on the balance energy.

Supriya Goyal

2011-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

142

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 113 (2002) 223243 Energy balance closure at FLUXNET sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 113 (2002) 223颅243 Energy balance closure at FLUXNET sites Kell, USA p Department of Forest Science and Resources, University of Tuscia, 1-01100 Viterbo, Italy q Abstract A comprehensive evaluation of energy balance closure is performed across 22 sites and 50 site

Cohen, Ronald C.

143

Energy balance properties of steels subjected to high cycle A. Chrysochoos1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with the fatigue of a dual-phase steel often used in mechanical industries. This paper is composedEnergy balance properties of steels subjected to high cycle fatigue A. Chrysochoos1 , A. Blanche1 estimate the different terms of the energy balance associated with the high cycle fatigue (HCF) of steels

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

144

Development and application of material and energy balance regularities for renewable energy resources. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characterization of renewable energy resources is necessary in order to make mass and energy balances for processes which use these substances. This work is concerned with the identification of regularities associated with organic compounds and renewable energy resources. The carbon weight fraction, the reductance degree or equivalents of available electrons per gram atom carbon, the heat of combustion per gram equivalent of available electrons, and the free energy of combustion per gram equivalent of available electrons are investigated. Values of these regularities are reported for organic compounds and renewable resources. 31 references, 4 figures, 48 tables.

Erickson, L.E.; Patel, S.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 15, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 93 Spatial Energy Balancing Through Proactive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 15, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 93 Spatial Energy Balancing is on optimizing tradeoffs between the energy cost of spreading traffic and the improved spatial balance of energy and storage capabilities. We propose a parameterized family of energy balancing strategies and study

de Veciana, Gustavo

146

Fuzzy-Logic-Based Gain-Scheduling Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy-Logic-Based Gain-Scheduling Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy Storage, the control strategy used in the microgrid must take into account the stored energy balance between strategy based on fuzzy logic that ensures balanced stored energy among distributed energy storage units

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

147

The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield, and Michael Wang. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield.34. Keywords: Ethanol, net energy balance, corn production, energy. About the Authors Shapouri and Duffield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Energy Balance Issue

Laughlin, Robert B.

148

Abstract--The variability and non-dispatchable nature of wind and solar energy production presents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract--The variability and non-dispatchable nature of wind and solar energy production needed for a variety of energy storage applications can be found in [6]. Wind and solar power variations, energy storage can be a viable solution to balance energy production against its consumption. This paper

149

Comparative analysis of net energy balance for satellite power systems (SPS) and other energy systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The net energy balance of seven electric energy systems is assessed: two coal-based, one nuclear, two terrestrial solar, and two solar power satellites, with principal emphasis on the latter two systems. Solar energy systems require much less operating energy per unit of electrical output. However, on the basis of the analysis used here, coal and nuclear systems are two to five times more efficient at extracting useful energy from the primary resource base than are the solar energy systems. The payback period for all systems is less than 1.5 years, except for the terrestrial photovoltaic (19.8 yr) and the solar power satellite system (6.4 yr), both of which rely on energy-intensive silicon cells.

Cirillo, R.R.; Cho, B.S.; Monarch, M.R.; Levine, E.P.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Isospin effects on the system size dependence of balance energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isobaric systems with N/A = 0.5 and 0.58. Our fndings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

151

System size effects and N/Z dependence of balance energy for different isotopic series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the N/Z dependence of energy of vanishing flow or balance energy for different isotopic series of various system masses like Ca+Ca, Ni+Ni, Zr+Zr, Sn+Sn and Xe+Xe. We find that balance energy decreases with N/Z of the system and follows a linear behaviour. The slope of N/Z dependence is steeper for lighter systems like Ca+Ca and less for heavier ones like Xe+Xe.

Aman D. Sood; Sakshi Gautam

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

152

Benefit of Regional Energy Balancing Service on Wind Integration in the Western Interconnection of the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in various wide-area balancing schemes to help integrate wind have generated significant interest. As we have shown in past work, large balancing areas not only help with wind integration, but can also increase the efficiency of operations in systems without wind. Recent work on the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) has found that combining balancing over the WestConnect footprint will increase the efficiency of commitment and dispatch at wind penetrations ranging from 10-20% of annual electricity demand, and will be essential for high penetrations and small balancing areas. In addition the Northwest Wind Integration Action Plan recommended balancing area cooperation as a method to help integrate the large potential wind development. In this paper we investigate the potential impact of a proposed Energy Imbalance Service on the ability of the non-market portions of Western Electricity Coordinating Councils (WECC) United States footprint to integrate wind energy. We will utilize data adapted from the WWSIS for the Western Interconnection. The analysis uses time-synchronized wind and load data to evaluate the potential for ramp requirement reduction that could be achieved with combined operation. Chronological analysis and ramp duration analysis quantify the benefit in terms of not only the ramp sizes, but the frequency of the potentially avoided ramps that must be managed by the non-wind generation fleet. Multiple approaches that can be used to achieve these benefits will also be suggested in the paper. We also suggest other approaches that can help achieve much of the benefit of full consolidation without requiring the physical consolidation of balancing areas.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; King, J.; Beuning, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Role of colliding geometry on the N/Z dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the role of colliding geometry on the N/Z dependence of balance energy using isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. Our study reveals that the N/Z dependence of balance energy becomes much steeper for peripheral collisions as compared to the central collisions. We also study the effect of system mass on the impact parameter dependence of N/Z dependence of balance energy. The study shows that lighter systems shows greater sensitivity to colliding geometry towards the N/Z dependence.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Used for Heat in CHP Residential Non-specified (Other) TotalUsed for Heat in CHP Residential Non-specified (Other) Totalof which: CHP elec generation Residential Non-specified (

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Benchmark Measurements of the Ionization Balance of Non-LTE Gold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present a series of benchmark measurements of the ionization balance of well characterized gold plasmas with and without external radiation fields at electron densities near 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3} and various electron temperatures spanning the range 0.8 to 2.4 keV. They have analyzed time- and space-resolved M-shell gold emission spectra using a sophisticated collisional-radiative model with hybrid level structure, finding average ion changes ranging from 42 to 50. At the lower temperatures, the spectra exhibit significant sensitivity to external radiation fields and include emission features from complex N-shell ions not previously studied at these densities. The measured spectra and inferred provide a stringent test for non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) models of complex high-Z ions.

Heeter, R F; Hansen, S B; Fournier, K B; Foord, M E; Froula, D H; Mackinnon, A J; May, M J; Schneider, M B; Young, B F

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

156

Wintertime high-altitude surface energy balance of a Bolivian glacier, Illimani, 6340 m above sea level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wintertime high-altitude surface energy balance of a Bolivian glacier, Illimani, 6340 m above sea] The objective of this study is to evaluate the surface energy balance (SEB) of a cold, high-altitude tropical, high altitude, sublimation, turbulent fluxes, net all-wave radiation, energy balance Citation: Wagnon

Berthier, Etienne

157

Water, salt, and energy balances of the Dead Sea N. G. Lensky, Y. Dvorkin, and V. Lyakhovsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water, salt, and energy balances of the Dead Sea N. G. Lensky, Y. Dvorkin, and V. Lyakhovsky these we calculate the energy and mass balances for the Dead Sea utilizing measured meteorological in previous studies, call for increased evaporation rate and are therefore not in line with the energy balance

Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

158

Testing above-and below-canopy representations of turbulent fluxes in an energy balance snowmelt model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing above- and below-canopy representations of turbulent fluxes in an energy balance snowmelt and latent heat are important processes in the surface energy balance that drives snowmelt. Modeling in an energy balance snowmelt model, Water Resour. Res., 49, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20073. 1. Introduction [2

Tarboton, David

159

Inclusion of a Drag Approach in the Town Energy Balance (TEB) Scheme: Offline 1D Evaluation in a Street Canyon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inclusion of a Drag Approach in the Town Energy Balance (TEB) Scheme: Offline 1D Evaluation 2008) ABSTRACT The Town Energy Balance module bridges the micro- and mesoscale and simulates local-scale urban surface energy balance for use in mesoscale meteorological models. Previous offline evaluations

Ribes, Aur茅lien

160

Balancing Peer and Server Energy Consumption in Large Peer-to-Peer File Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Peer and Server Energy Consumption in Large Peer-to-Peer File Distribution Systems}@swin.edu.au Abstract--Network induced energy consumption is a significant fraction of all ICT energy consumption. It is shown that using peer-to-peer and naively minimizing the transfer time results in energy consumption

Andrew, Lachlan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Multi-objective Approach to Balance Buildings Construction Cost and Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The continuous rise of energy consumption is a global concern. On the one hand, energy is still mainly coming rate, estimated at around 40% of the total energy used worldwide. Surprisingly, the resulting carbonA Multi-objective Approach to Balance Buildings Construction Cost and Energy Efficiency 麓Alvaro

Hamadi, Yousseff

162

Role of isospin degree of freedom on the mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy and its mass dependence has been studied for the mass range between 50 and 350. Our results shows the dominance of Coulomb potential in isospin effects.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

163

Estimation of land surface water and energy balance flux components and closure relation using conditional sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models of terrestrial water and energy balance include numerical treatment of heat and moisture diffusion in the soil-vegetation-atmosphere continuum. These two diffusion and exchange processes are linked only at a few ...

Farhadi, Leila

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid a significant mismatch between supply and demand. Power ...

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Parameter estimation of coupled water and energy balance models based on stationary constraints of surface states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1] We use a conditional averaging approach to estimate the parameters of a land surface water and energy balance model and then use the estimated parameters to partition net radiation into latent, sensible, and ground ...

Sun, Jian

166

Energy Balance Partitioning and Net Radiation Controls on Soil Moisture Precipitation Feedbacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Balance Partitioning and Net Radiation Controls on Soil Moisture Precipitation Feedbacks Aubrey R. Jones and Nathaniel A. Brunsell* Department of Geography, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas Received 19 May 2008; accepted 14 January... 2009 ABSTRACT: A series of model runs using the University of Oklahoma抯 Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) were conducted to investigate the relative impacts of energy balance partitioning and net radiation on soil moisture...

Jones, Aubrey R.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

167

Impact parameter dependence of isospin effects on the mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on the balance energy as well as its mass dependence throughout the mass range 48-270 for two sets of isobaric systems with N/Z = 1 and 1.4 using isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) model. Our fndings reveal the dominance of Coulomb repulsion in isospin effects on balance energy as well as its mass dependence throughout the range of the colliding geometry.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D Sood

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

168

InAs/InAsSb strain balanced superlattices for optical detectors: Material properties and energy band simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

InAs/InAsSb strain balanced superlattices for optical detectors: Material properties and energyAs/InAsSb strain balanced superlattices for optical detectors: Material properties and energy band simulations D February 2012) InAsSb/InAs type II strain balanced superlattices lattice matched to GaSb have recently been

Krishna, Sanjay

169

Application of energy and angular momentum balance to gravitational radiation reaction for binary systems with spin-orbit coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study gravitational radiation reaction in the equations of motion for binary systems with spin-orbit coupling, at order (v/c)^7 beyond Newtonian gravity, or O(v/c)^2 beyond the leading radiation reaction effects for non-spinning bodies. We use expressions for the energy and angular momentum flux at infinity that include spin-orbit corrections, together with an assumption of energy and angular momentum balance, to derive equations of motion that are valid for general orbits and for a class of coordinate gauges. We show that the equations of motion are compatible with those derived earlier by a direct calculation.

Jing Zeng; Clifford M. Will

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

170

Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled soilvegetationatmosphere system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the incoming radiation or energy budget noise variability at the surface. Conversely, soil heat flux is shown on the influence of landsurface energy budget errors on the soilABL system. Other numerical studiesHarmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled

Gentine, Pierre

171

Modulation-Aware Energy Balancing in Hierarchical Wireless Sensor Networks1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulation-Aware Energy Balancing in Hierarchical Wireless Sensor Networks1 Maryam Soltan, Inkwon becoming critical design concerns, a significant amount of research has focused on energy-aware design physical layer characteristics at the system deployment stage and analyzing the effects on spatial energy

Pedram, Massoud

172

John L Gaunt and Johannes Lehmann Energy balance and emissions associated with biochar sequestration and pyrolysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S1 John L Gaunt and Johannes Lehmann Energy balance and emissions associated with biochar sequestration and pyrolysis bioenergy production Summary of tables Data are provided energy inputs (Mj ha-1) associated with bio-energy crop production, field harvesting operations, transportation and processing. #12;S

Lehmann, Johannes

173

RENORMALIZED ENERGY EQUIDISTRIBUTION AND LOCAL CHARGE BALANCE IN 2D COULOMB SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RENORMALIZED ENERGY EQUIDISTRIBUTION AND LOCAL CHARGE BALANCE IN 2D COULOMB SYSTEMS SIMONA ROTA of the "Coulomb renormalized energy" of Sandier-Serfaty, which corresponds to the total Coulomb interaction point charges with Coulomb pair interaction, in a con- fining potential (minimizers of this energy also

174

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case Study on Phoenix, AZ effect, water scarcity, and energy consumption. The transformation of native landscapes into built to cool homes. Identifying Direct and Indirect Costs of Water and Energy Consumption Study Area Although

Hall, Sharon J.

175

Reaction Plane and Beam Energy Dependence Of The Balance Function at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The balance function, which measures the correlation between opposite sign charge pairs, is sensitive to the mechanisms of charge formation and the subsequent relative diffusion of the balancing charges. The study of the balance function can provide information about charge creation time as well as the subsequent collective behavior of particles. In this paper, we present a reaction-plane-dependent balance function study for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV and compare with results from recent three particle correlation measurements. We also report balance functions for relative pseudorapidity ($\\Delta \\eta$), relative rapidity ($\\Delta y$), and relative azimuthal angle ($\\Delta \\phi$) from the recent RHIC beam energy scan data.

Hui Wang; for the STAR collaboration

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Off-Balance Sheet Financing for Industrial Energy Efficiency Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traditionally, energy efficiency projects have been financed by energy service companies (ESCOs) under a shared savings arrangement known as performance contracting. Essentially, performance contracting packages engineering, procurement...

Williams, S. J.

177

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We argue that a primary focus on energy efficiency may not be sufficient to slow (and ultimately reverse) the growth in total energy consumption and carbon emissions. Instead, policy makers need to return to an earlier emphasis on"conservation," with energy efficiency seen as a means rather than an end in itself. We briefly review the concept of"intensive" versus"extensive" variables (i.e., energy efficiency versus energy consumption), and why attention to both consumption and efficiency is essential for effective policy in a carbon- and oil-constrained world with increasingly brittle energy markets. To start, energy indicators and policy evaluation metrics need to reflect energy consumption as well as efficiency. We introduce the concept of"progressive efficiency," with the expected or required level of efficiency varying as a function of house size, appliance capacity, or more generally, the scale of energy services. We propose introducing progressive efficiency criteria first in consumer information programs (including appliance labeling categories) and then in voluntary rating and recognition programs such as ENERGY STAR. As acceptance grows, the concept could be extended to utility rebates, tax incentives, and ultimately to mandatory codes and standards. For these and other programs, incorporating criteria for consumption as well as efficiency offers a path for energy experts, policy-makers, and the public to begin building consensus on energy policies that recognize the limits of resources and global carrying-capacity. Ultimately, it is both necessary and, we believe, possible to manage energy consumption, not just efficiency in order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may find it possible to shift expectations away from perpetual growth and toward satisfaction with sufficiency.

Diamond, Rick; Harris, Jeff; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

178

A Boiler Plant Energy Efficiency and Load Balancing Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Daily energy use data was used to perform an energy efficiency survey of a medium-sized university boiler plant. The physical plant operates centralized mechanical plants to provide both chilled water and steam for building conditioning. Steam...

Nutter, D. W.; Murphy, D. R.

179

Federal Balanced Scorecard for FY 2010 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &ofDepartment of Energy OnDramatic energy8FED BSC FY

180

Federal Balanced Scorecard for FY 2012 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &ofDepartment of Energy OnDramatic energy8FED BSC

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on Energy andDepartment ofAn AudienceEnergy

182

Sensor Network Lifetime Maximization Via Sensor Energy Balancing: Construction and Optimal Scheduling of Sensor Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in such a way that the total energy usage of the active sensor nodes in the tree is minimized. However whenSensor Network Lifetime Maximization Via Sensor Energy Balancing: Construction and Optimal Scheduling of Sensor Trees Ling Shi , Agostino Capponi , Karl H. Johansson and Richard M. Murray Abstract

Johansson, Karl Henrik

183

Natural Resources Research, Vol. 12, No. 2, June 2003 ( C 2003) Ethanol Fuels: Energy Balance, Economics,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

profits. In the U.S. ethanol system, considerably more energy, including high-grade fossil fuelNatural Resources Research, Vol. 12, No. 2, June 2003 ( C 2003) Ethanol Fuels: Energy Balance January 2003 Several studies suggest that the $1.4 billion in government subsidies are encouraging

Laughlin, Robert B.

184

Control and Size Energy Storage for Managing Energy balance of Variable Generation Resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents control algorithms and sizing strategies for using energy storage to manage energy balance for variable generation resources. The control objective is to minimize the hourly generation imbalance between the actual and the scheduled generation of the wind farm. Three control algorithms are compared: tracking power imbalance, post-compensation, and pre-compensation. Measurement data from a wind farm located in South-central Washington State are used in the study. The results show that tracking power imbalance yields the best performance by keeping the hourly energy imbalances zero. However, the energy storage system (ESS) will be significantly oversized. Post-compensation reduces power rating of the ESS but the hourly imbalance may not be kept as zero when large and long-lasting energy imbalances occur. A linear regression forecasting algorithm is developed for the pre-compensation algorithm to pre-charge or pre-discharge the ESS based on predicted energy imbalances. The performance comparison shows that the pre-compensation method significantly reduces the size of the ESS while maintaining satisfactory performance.

Ke, Xinda; Lu, Ning; Jin, Chunlian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin California's Renewable Energy Policies and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin California's Renewable Energy Policies and Their Impact on the Northwest (Continued on page 2) Northwest Power. Hatchery 8 States Hope Prevention Programs Will Halt The Spread of Invasive Mussels 9 30 Years of Energy

186

FY 2007 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &of EnergyOrganization (dollars in5 February 200567The

187

FY 2010 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &of EnergyOrganization (dollarsControlState6State2 C C O

188

On the balance energy and nuclear dynamics in peripheral heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present here the system size dependence of balance energy for semi-central and peripheral collisions using quantum molecular dynamics model. For this study, the reactions of $Ne^{20}+Ne^{20}$, $Ca^{40}+Ca^{40}$, $Ni^{58}+Ni^{58}$, $Nb^{93}+Nb^{93}$, $Xe^{131}+Xe^{131}$ and $Au^{197}+Au^{197}$ are simulated at different incident energies and impact parameters. A hard equation of state along with nucleon-nucleon cross-sections between 40 - 55 mb explains the data nicely. Interestingly, balance energy follows a power law $\\propto{A^{\\tau}}$ for the mass dependence at all colliding geometries. The power factor $\\tau$ is close to -1/3 in central collisions whereas it is -2/3 for peripheral collisions suggesting stronger system size dependence at peripheral geometries. This also suggests that in the absence of momentum dependent interactions, Coulomb's interaction plays an exceedingly significant role. These results are further analyzed for nuclear dynamics at the balance point.

Rajiv Chugh; Rajeev K. Puri

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

189

Energy balance of the atmosphere over the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

d'or Sub jest: Neteorolo~~ ENERGY HA~SHOE OF THE ATMOSP:ARK 07ER THE GULF OF MEXICO A Thesis HATHAB MOHRIS REISS Approvecl s. s to style encl content by: (Chai. oi' Committee) (Head of Departmen ember) , Member ) May 197O ABSTRACT ENERGY...Iexico for the period. 1 June 1962 through 31 May 1966 were used to investigate the atmospheric energy budget in the area of the Gulf of Mexico, as well as the field of' large-scale vertical motion. Mean monthly values for the divergence of the norizontal mass flux...

Reiss, Nathan Morris

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

190

SCE- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Southern California Edison (SCE) offers incentives for non-residential customers, regardless of size and energy usage. [http://asset.sce.com/Documents/Business%20-%20Energy%20Management%20Solu......

191

Entropy-energy balance in noisy quantum computers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use entropy-energy arguments to assess the limitations on the running time and on the system size, as measured in qubits, of noisy macroscopic circuit-based quantum computers.

Maxim Raginsky

2002-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

192

Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Clouds, rain, thunderstorms at Solar Decathlon Village? Oh my, you may say. But less-than-ideal weather conditions are no match for this year's teams, thanks to smart grid technology that is helping them monitor their energy consumption.

193

Minimizing Wind Power Producer's Balancing Costs Using Electrochemical Energy Storage: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines how electrochemical energy storage can be used to decrease the balancing costs of a wind power producer in the Nordic market. Because electrochemical energy storage is developing in both technological and financial terms, a sensitivity analysis was carried out for the most important variables in the wind-storage hybrid system. The system was studied from a wind power producer's point of view. The main result is that there are no technical limitations to using storage for reducing the balancing costs. However, in terms of economic feasibility, installing hybrid wind-storage systems such as the one studied in this paper faces challenges in both the short and long terms.

Miettinen, J.; Tikka, V.; Lassila, J.; Partanen, J.; Hodge, B. M.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

National Assessment of Energy Storage for Grid Balancing and Arbitrage: Phase 1, WECC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To examine the role that energy storage could play in mitigating the impacts of the stochastic variability of wind generation on regional grid operation, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) examined a hypothetical 2020 grid scenario in which additional wind generation capacity is built to meet renewable portfolio standard targets in the Western Interconnection. PNNL developed a stochastic model for estimating the balancing requirements using historical wind statistics and forecasting error, a detailed engineering model to analyze the dispatch of energy storage and fast-ramping generation devices for estimating size requirements of energy storage and generation systems for meeting new balancing requirements, and financial models for estimating the life-cycle cost of storage and generation systems in addressing the future balancing requirements for sub-regions in the Western Interconnection. Evaluated technologies include combustion turbines, sodium sulfur (Na-S) batteries, lithium ion batteries, pumped-hydro energy storage, compressed air energy storage, flywheels, redox flow batteries, and demand response. Distinct power and energy capacity requirements were estimated for each technology option, and battery size was optimized to minimize costs. Modeling results indicate that in a future power grid with high-penetration of renewables, the most cost competitive technologies for meeting balancing requirements include Na-S batteries and flywheels.

Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Balducci, Patrick J.; Colella, Whitney G.; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Jin, Chunlian; Nguyen, Tony B.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Zhang, Yu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. XX, NO. X, DECEMBER 2007 1 Spatial Model for Energy Burden Balancing and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this problem we consider how one might achieve a more balanced energy burden across the network by spreading their locations to balance the energy burdens incurred across the network nodes [1]. As shown in Fig. 1IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. XX, NO. X, DECEMBER 2007 1 Spatial Model for Energy

de Veciana, Gustavo

196

A Novel Shifting Balance Theory-based Approach to Optimization of an Energy-Constrained Modulation Scheme for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Novel Shifting Balance Theory-based Approach to Optimization of an Energy-Constrained Modulation is inspired by Wright's shifting balance theory (SBT) of evolution in population ge- netics. The total energy Abstract-- This paper presents a new approach to optimiza- tion of an energy-constrained modulation scheme

Arslan, Tughrul

197

Contractor Purchasing Balanced Scorecard for 2013 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart GridThird Quarter Overall Contract andOakSavannah7.25)433

198

Contractor Purchasing Balanced Scorecard for 2014 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart GridThird Quarter Overall Contract

199

Dependence of balance energy on isospin degrees of freedom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model we study the isospin effects on the disappearance of flow for the reactions of 58Ni+58Ni and 58Fe+58Fe as a function of impact parameter. We found good agreement between our calculations and experimentally measured energy of vanishing flow at all colliding geometries. Our calculations reproduce the experimental data within 5%(10%) at central (peripheral) colliding geometries.

S. Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri; Ch. Hartnack; J. Aichelin

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

200

Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles 禄 Alternative FuelNewsWashingtonAudits &Department of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Contractor Purchasing Balanced Scorecard for FY 2012 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate EarthEnergy Contractor Performance Assessment

202

BalancedScorecardPerfAndMeth.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEFApril 2015

203

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FY 2002 BALANCED SCORECARD : |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orAChiefAppropriation FY 2012 FY 2013

204

FY 2011 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005DepartmentDecember U.S. Department- EnronAnnual

205

FY 2012 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005DepartmentDecember U.S. Department- EnronAnnualBudget 禄 FY

206

Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review:Department of Energyand Review of Infrastructure Projects:Systems Integration 禄

207

A Role for CEACAM2 in the Central Control of Energy Balance and Peripheral Insulin Action  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; statistical analysis; obtained funding; study supervision. Conflict of Interest: Authors declareA Role for CEACAM2 in the Central Control of Energy Balance and Peripheral Insulin Action Garrett: study concept and design; acquisition of data; analysis and interpretation of data; statistical analysis

Toledo, University of

208

Energy balance and water use in a subtropical karst woodland on the Edwards Plateau, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy balance and water use in a subtropical karst woodland on the Edwards Plateau, Texas J and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, 2474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-2474, United States b Natural Resources Conservation Service, 625 Miramontes St., Suite 103, Half Moon Bay, CA 94019-1925, United States c

Schwinning, Susan - Department of Biology, Texas State University

209

Use of First Law Energy Balance as a Screening Tool for Building Energy Use Data: Experiences on the Inclusion of Outside Air Enthalpy Variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quality controlled energy-use data is the foundation of energy performance evaluation for a building. The Energy Balance Load (EBL), a parameter derived from the first law of thermodynamics based on a whole-building energy analysis, has been...

Masuda, H.; Ji, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Claridge, D. E.

210

Global estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water balance model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using Advanced Very High Res- olution Radiometer Lai data, Climate Research Unit climate dataGlobal estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water-relative-humidity-based two-source (ARTS) E model that simulates the surface energy balance, soil water balance

Martin, Timothy

211

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 6, JULY 2009 2909 On Balancing Energy Consumption in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 6, JULY 2009 2909 On Balancing Energy--Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) require protocols that make judicious use of the limited energy capacity of the sensor nodes. In this paper, the potential performance improve- ment gained by balancing the traffic

Boutaba, Raouf

212

Balancing Performance, Energy, and Quality in Pervasive Computing Jason Flinn, SoYoung Park, and M. Satyanarayanan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Performance, Energy, and Quality in Pervasive Computing Jason Flinn, SoYoung Park, and M is self-tuning: it monitors both application resource usage and the availability of resources this determination, Spectra balances the competing goals of performance, energy conservation, and application quality

Satyanarayanan, Mahadev "Satya"

213

Balancing Performance, Energy, and Quality in Pervasive Computing Jason Flinn +# , SoYoung Park + , and M. Satyanarayanan +#  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Performance, Energy, and Quality in Pervasive Computing Jason Flinn +# , SoYoung Park compute servers. Spectra is self璽uning: it monitors both application resource usage and the availability. In making this determination, Spectra balances the competing goals of performance, energy conservation

Flinn, Jason

214

Average balance equations, scale dependence, and energy cascade for granular materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new averaging method linking discrete to continuum variables of granular materials is developed and used to derive average balance equations. Its novelty lies in the choice of the decomposition between mean values and fluctuations of properties which takes into account the effect of gradients. Thanks to a local homogeneity hypothesis, whose validity is discussed, simplified balance equations are obtained. This original approach solves the problem of dependence of some variables on the size of the averaging domain obtained in previous approaches which can lead to huge relative errors (several hundred percentages). It also clearly separates affine and nonaffine fields in the balance equations. The resulting energy cascade picture is discussed, with a particular focus on unidirectional steady and fully developed flows for which it appears that the contact terms are dissipated locally unlike the kinetic terms which contribute to a nonlocal balance. Application of the method is demonstrated in the determination of the macroscopic properties such as volume fraction, velocity, stress, and energy of a simple shear flow, where the discrete results are generated by means of discrete particle simulation.

Riccardo Artoni; Patrick Richard

2015-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

215

Impact parameter dependence of the isospin effects and mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on the balance energy (E$_{bal}$) as well as its mass dependence throughout the mass range for two different sets of isobaric systems with N/Z = 1 and 1.4 at different colliding geometries ranging from the central to peripheral ones. Our findings reveal the dominance of Coulomb repulsion in isospin effects on E$_{bal}$ as well as its mass dependence throughout the range of the colliding geometry. Our results also indicate that the effect of symmetry energy on the energy of vanishing flow is uniform throughout the mass range and throughout the colliding geometry.

Sakshi Gautam

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

216

System size effects in the N/Z dependence of balance energy for isotopic series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the system size effects in the N/Z dependence of balance energy for the isotopic series. We find drastic effect of symmetry energy on the N/Z dependence of E$_{bal}$ throughout the mass range. We also find that the N/Z dependence of E$_{bal}$ for isotopic series of lighter system is slightly more sensitive to symmetry energy as compared to that of heavier systems. We also study the mass dependence of E$_{bal}$ for the N/Z range from 1.0-2.0. We find that the mass dependence of E$_{bal}$ varies with the N/Z ratio.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman Deep Sood

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

217

Absorption of a single 500 fs laser pulse at the surface of fused silica: Energy balance and ablation efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ablation of fused silica by a single femtosecond laser pulse of 500 fs pulse duration is investigated from the perspective of efficiency of incident photons to remove matter. We measure the reflected and transmitted fractions of the incident pulse energy as a function of fluence, allowing us to recover the evolution of absorption at the material surface. At the ablation threshold fluence, 25% of incident energy is absorbed. At high fluences, this ratio saturates around 70% due to the appearance of a self-triggered plasma mirror (or shielding) effect. By using the energy balance retrieved experimentally and measurements of the ablated volume, we show that the amount of absorbed energy is far above the bonding energy of fused silica at rest and also above the energy barrier to ablate the material under non-equilibrium thermodynamic conditions. Our results emphasize the crucial role of transient plasma properties during the laser pulse and suggest that the major part of the absorbed energy has been used to heat the plasma formed at the surface of the material. A fluence range yielding an efficient and high quality ablation is also defined, which makes the results relevant for femtosecond micromachining processes.

Varkentina, N.; Sanner, N.; Lebugle, M.; Sentis, M.; Ut閦a, O. [Aix-Marseille Universit, CNRS, LP3 UMR 7341, 13288 Marseille (France)] [Aix-Marseille Universit, CNRS, LP3 UMR 7341, 13288 Marseille (France)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

218

Role of colliding geometry on the balance energy of mass-asymmetric systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the role of colliding geometry on the balance energy (Ebal) of mass-asymmetric systems by varying the mass asymmetry ({\\eta} = AT - Ap/AT + AP, where AT and AP are the masses of the target and projectile, respectively) from 0.1 to 0.7, over the mass range 40-240 and on the mass dependence of the balance energy. Our findings reveal that colliding geometry has a significant effect on the Ebal of asymmetric systems. We find that, as we go from central collisions to peripheral ones, the effect of mass asymmetry on Ebal increases throughout the mass range. Interestingly, we find that for every fixed system mass (Atot) the effect of the impact parameter variation is almost uniform throughout the mass-asymmetry range. For each {\\eta}, Ebal follows a power-law behavior (\\propto A{\\tau}) at all colliding geometries

Supriya Goyal

2011-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

219

N/Z dependence of balance energy as the probe of symmetry energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the N/Z dependence of balance energy (E$_{bal}$) for isotopic series of Ca having N/Z varying from 1.0 to 2.0. We show that the N/Z dependence of E$_{bal}$ is sensitive to symmetry energy and its density dependence at densities higher than saturation density and is insensitive towards the isospin dependence of nucleon-nucleon cross section

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

220

Estimation of Building Parameters Using Simplified Energy Balance Model and Metered Whole Building Energy Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the difference between the total energy entering and leaving the system. That is, CV entering leaving air cond sol occ E C H E E E Q Q Q Q Q E E ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (1) where Qair, Qcond, Qsol, Qocc, and QE are building heat load components from air... is defined as (Shao, 2006): BL E C H E C H air cond sol occ E Q E E fE E E Q Q Q Q ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (2) where EE is the metered whole-building non-cooling electricity use. The multiplicative factor f represents a fraction of EE which...

Masuda, H.; Claridge, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Surface heterogeneity impacts on boundary layer dynamics via energy balance partitioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy balance partitioning N. A. Brunsell1, D. B. Mechem1, and M. C. Anderson2 1Dept. of Geography, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA 2Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, USDA. Beltsville, MD, USA Received: 22 June 2010 Published in Atmos... responsible for altering surface heat and moisture fluxes. Twelve coupled land surface large eddy simulation scenarios with four different length scales of surface variability under three different horizontal wind speeds are used in the analysis. The base...

Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Mechem, David B.; Anderson, M. C.

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

222

Needs of Non Energy-Focused Contractors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To better understand the informational needs of non energy-focused contractors, including what information they need to motivate them to become energy-focused, the BARA team studied the type of information provided by the national programs, trade associations, and manufacturers that were researched for the related technical report: Effective Communication of Energy Efficiency. While that report focused on the delivery method, format, and strategy of the information, this study examines the content being put forward.

Liaukus, C.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 87, NO. C12, PAGES 9667-9674, NOVEMBER 20, 1982 Sensitivity of an Annual Mean Diffusive Energy Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an Annual Mean Diffusive Energy Balance Model With an Ice Sheet KENNETH P. BOWMAN GeophysicalFluid Dynamics averaged energy balance models have received muchattentionsincethey were introducedby Budyko[1969. For a review of energy balance models and a discussionof albedo feedback, see North et al. [1981]. Models have

224

A new diagram of the global energy balance Martin Wild, Doris Folini, Christoph Schr, Norman Loeb, Ellsworth G. Dutton et al.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new diagram of the global energy balance Martin Wild, Doris Folini, Christoph Sch盲r, Norman Loeb://proceedings.aip.org/about/rights_permissions #12;A New Diagram of the Global Energy Balance Martin Wilda , Doris Folinia , Christoph Sch盲ra of the global mean energy balance, adapted from the study by Wild et al. (2013) [1] with two slight

Fischlin, Andreas

225

844 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 34, NO. 3, JUNE 2006 Energy Balance and Plasma Potential in Low-Density  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

844 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 34, NO. 3, JUNE 2006 Energy Balance and Plasma, and Zoltan Sternovsky Abstract--Electron energy balance is shown to play an impor- tant role in determining that satisfy the energy balance equation. The ion loss rate af- fects the electron loss rate through the quasi

Kaganovich, Igor

226

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PNNL). 2005. 揑ndicators of Energy Intensity in the Unitedan extensive variable; the energy intensity of the economy,cited most often, site energy intensity (energy per unit of

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Detailed Balance Condition and Effective Free Energy in the Primitive Chain Network Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider statistical mechanical properties of the primitive chain network (PCN) model for entangled polymers from its dynamic equations. We show that the dynamic equation for the segment number of the PCN model does not reduce to the standard Langevin equation which satisfies the detailed balance condition. We propose heuristic modifications for the PCN dynamic equation for the segment number, to make it reduce to the standard Langevin equation. We analyse some equilibrium statistical properties of the modified PCN model, by using the effective free energy obtained from the modified PCN dynamic equations. The PCN effective free energy can be interpreted as the sum of the ideal Gaussian chain free energy and the repulsive interaction energy between slip-links. By using the single chain approximation, we calculate several distribution functions of the PCN model. The obtained distribution functions are qualitatively different from ones for the simple slip-link model without any direct interactions between slip-links.

Takashi Uneyama; Yuichi Masubuchi

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

228

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. WashingtonE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. WashingtonStudy on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the Federal Trade Commission Energy Labeling, ProjectTrade Commission (FTC) EnergyGuide comparison label and the ENERGYFederal Trade Commission (FTC). 2006. Appliance Energy Data.

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

step to help us manage energy consumption in response toenergy consumption rather than energy efficiency can help ushistory of the U.S. consumption of energy, water, beverage

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999 Aspen/Pitkin Energy Conservation Code, as Amendments toand the Return of Energy Conservation Jeffrey Harris, Rickand the Return of Energy Conservation Jeffrey Harris,

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999 Aspen/Pitkin Energy Conservation Code, as Amendments toFederal Regulations, (2002). Energy Conservation Program forand the Return of Energy Conservation Jeffrey Harris, Rick

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Benchmarking Non-Hardware Balance-of-System (Soft) Costs for U.S. Photovoltaic Systems, Using a Bottom-Up Approach and Installer Survey - Second Edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents results from the second U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored, bottom-up data-collection and analysis of non-hardware balance-of-system costs -- often referred to as 'business process' or 'soft' costs -- for U.S. residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems. In service to DOE's SunShot Initiative, annual expenditure and labor-hour-productivity data are analyzed to benchmark 2012 soft costs related to (1) customer acquisition and system design (2) permitting, inspection, and interconnection (PII). We also include an in-depth analysis of costs related to financing, overhead, and profit. Soft costs are both a major challenge and a major opportunity for reducing PV system prices and stimulating SunShot-level PV deployment in the United States. The data and analysis in this series of benchmarking reports are a step toward the more detailed understanding of PV soft costs required to track and accelerate these price reductions.

Friedman, B.; Ardani, K.; Feldman, D.; Citron, R.; Margolis, R.; Zuboy, J.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

ARM Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) station: surf. heat flux and related data, 30-min  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-min estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity. Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

Cook, David

235

The role of heat storage in the soil in the energy balance of a greenhouse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Oepartvient y I'a/Tiber I l'lay 1978 ABSTRACT THE ROLE OF HEPT STORAGE IN THE SOIi IN THE ENERGY BALANCE OF A GREENHOUSE. (Hay 1978) Edward John Sadler, B. S. , University of Hissouri Chairman of Advisory Committee: Or. C . H . ii. van Bavel A number o... f simulation models of greenhouses have been developed, but the authors differ in their opinion of the significance of the heat, storaae and its effects on the physical environment ins. ide the greenhouse. These opinions are reflected...

Sadler, Edward John

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin Regional Power Plan Touts Efficiency to Meet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin Regional Power equivalent of the power use of a city the size of Seattle. Over time, the energy- efficiency target, to meet future demand. The plan's target for the first five years, 1,200 average megawatts, is the energy

237

Pyrolysis and gasification of meat-and-bone-meal: Energy balance and GHG accounting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: GHG savings are in the order of 6001000 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. per Mg of MBM treated. Energy recovery differed in terms of energy products and efficiencies. The results were largely determined by use of the products for energy purposes. - Abstract: Meat-and-bone-meal (MBM) produced from animal waste has become an increasingly important residual fraction needing management. As biodegradable waste is routed away from landfills, thermo-chemical treatments of MBM are considered promising solution for the future. Pyrolysis and gasification of MBM were assessed based on data from three experimental lab and pilot-scale plants. Energy balances were established for the three technologies, providing different outcomes for energy recovery: bio-oil was the main product for the pyrolysis system, while syngas and a solid fraction of biochar were the main products in the gasification system. These products can be used eventually after upgrading for energy production, thereby offsetting energy production elsewhere in the system. Greenhouse gases (GHG) accounting of the technologies showed that all three options provided overall GHG savings in the order of 6001000 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. per Mg of MBM treated, mainly as a consequence of avoided fossil fuel consumption in the energy sector. Local conditions influencing the environmental performance of the three systems were identified, together with critical factors to be considered during decision-making regarding MBM management.

Cascarosa, Esther [Thermochemical Processes Group, Arag髇 Institute for Engineering Research (I3A), Universidad de Zaragoza (Spain); Boldrin, Alessio, E-mail: aleb@env.dtu.dk [Department of Environmental Engineering. Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Astrup, Thomas [Department of Environmental Engineering. Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Modularization and simulation techniques for heat balance-based energy and load calculation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Loads Toolkit research project is to obtain a heat balance based load calculation procedure that

Richard K. Strand

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Energy Department Announces $7 Million to Reduce Non-Hardware...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

7 Million to Reduce Non-Hardware Costs of Solar Energy Systems Energy Department Announces 7 Million to Reduce Non-Hardware Costs of Solar Energy Systems November 15, 2011 -...

240

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumption can mean real sacrifice for many in the developing worldconsumption along with energy efficiency can also help energy experts, policy-makers, and the public begin to acknowledge a worldconsumption, rather than energy efficiency, should be the main focus of energy policy in a resource-constrained and carbon-burdened world.

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumption can mean real sacrifice for many in the developing worldconsumption along with energy efficiency can also help energy experts, policy-makers, and the public begin to acknowledge a worldconsumption, rather than energy efficiency, should be the main focus of energy policy in a resource-constrained and carbon-burdened world.

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

step to help us manage energy consumption in response toenergy consumption rather than energy efficiency can help usEnergy Consumption, Rating Score, and House Size. Washington D.C. : U.S.

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of steel, or M J of energy per dollar of GDP. The currentCommercial sector energy per dollar of GDP declinedmeasured by energy use per unit of GDP, is an intensive

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ton of steel, or MJ of energy per dollar of GDP. The current2 Commercial sector energy per dollar of GDP declinedmeasured by energy use per unit of GDP, is an intensive

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Role of Isospin Degree of freedom on the impact parameter dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For this study we have simulated the 28Ni58+28Ni58 and 26Fe58+26Fe58 systems at incident energies ranging from 45 MeV/nucleon to 105 MeV/nucleon by using soft equation of state. The geometry of reactions chosen are = b/bmax = 0.2, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, and 0.7.The Px/A is becoming more positive for neutron - rich system 26Fi58 as compared to neutron-poor system 28Ni58. This point towards the higher value of balance energy for 26Fi58 system. Further study in this direction is ongoing.

Dolly Sood; Sanjeev Kumar; Suneel Kumar; Rajeev K. Puri

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

246

Influence of momentum-dependent interactions on balance energy and mass dependence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We aim to study the role of momentum-dependent interactions in transverse flow as well as in its disappearance. For the present study, central collisions involving mass between 24 and 394 are considered. We find that momentum-dependent interactions have different impact in lighter colliding nuclei compared to heavier colliding nuclei. In lighter nuclei, the contribution of mean field towards the flow is smaller compared to heavier nuclei where binary nucleon-nucleon collisions dominate the scene. The inclusion of momentum-dependent interactions also explains the energy of vanishing flow in $^{12}C+^{12}C$ reaction which was not possible with the static equation of state. An excellent agreement of our theoretical attempt is found for balance energy with experimental data throughout the periodic table.

Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

247

CLIMATE-BASED DAYLIGHT PERFORMANCE: BALANCING VISUAL AND NON-VISUAL ASPECTS OF LIGHT INPUT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study uses a domestic dwelling as the setting to investigate and explore the applicability of daylighting metrics for residential buildings, including the formulation of metrics for nonvisual effects. The simulation approach used to generate the performance data from which the metrics are derived is called climate-based daylight modelling (CBDM). This approach delivers predictions of various luminous quantities using sun and sky conditions that are derived from standardised annual meteorological datasets. Although there are uncertainties regarding the precise calibration, there is now sufficient empirical data to parameterise models that also simulate the non-visual aspects of daylight, e.g. for circadian entrainment and a general sense of ?alertness?. For these non-visual aspects, vertical illuminance at the eye was predicted using a modified climate-based daylight modelling approach. In the paper, we consider what relation there might be between the three aspects of daylight provision and if these relations appear to be complementary or conflicting in nature: for task; to reduce electric lighting usage; and, for non-visual effects. The implications for future building guidelines for daylighting are also discussed.

M. Andersen; J. Mardaljevic; Nicolas Roy; Jens Christoffersen

248

Role of asymmetry of the reaction and momentum dependent interactions on the balance energy for neutron rich nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a systematic study of disappearance of flow i.e. balance energy $E_{bal}$ for an isotopic series of Ca with N/Z varying from 1 to 2 for different density dependences of symmetry energies. We also extend this study for asymmetric reactions having radioactive projectile and stable target.

Aman D. Sood

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

249

Two-Layer Baroclinic Eddy Heat Fluxes: Zonal Flows and Energy Balance ANDREW F. THOMPSON AND WILLIAM R. YOUNG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two-Layer Baroclinic Eddy Heat Fluxes: Zonal Flows and Energy Balance ANDREW F. THOMPSON of these drag- less heat-flux parameterizations relies on the ability of to direct energy into zonal flows, California (Manuscript received 27 September 2006, in final form 13 December 2006) ABSTRACT The eddy heat

Young, William R.

250

Solar Projects to Reduce Non-Hardware Balance of System Costs | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage 禄 SearchEnergyDepartmentScoping Study |4 SolarPV Incentive ProgramsSolarSBof

251

Nuclear dynamics at the balance energy of mass asymmetric colliding nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the quantum molecular dynamics model, we study the nuclear dynamics at the balance energy of mass asymmetric colliding nuclei by keeping the total mass of the system fixed as 40, 80, 160, and 240. The calculations are performed by varying the mass asymmetry ($\\eta$ = $\\frac{A_{T}-A_{P}}{A_{T}+A_{P}}$; where $A_{T}$ and $A_{P}$ are the masses of the target and projectile, respectively) of the reaction from 0.1 to 0.7. In particular, we study the various quantities like average and maximum density, collision rate, participant-spectator matter, anisotropic ratio, relative momentum as well as their mass asymmetry and mass dependence. We find sizeable effects of mass asymmetry on these quantities. Our results indicate that the mass dependence of various quantities increases slightly with increase in $\\eta$.

Supriya Goyal

2011-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

252

Mapping the Energy Landscape of Non-Convex Optimization Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping the Energy Landscape of Non-Convex Optimization Problems Maira Pavlovskaia1 , Kewei Tu2@shanghaitech.edu.cn Abstract. An energy landscape map (ELM) characterizes and visualizes an energy function with a tree the barrier between adjacent energy basins. We demonstrate the utility of ELMs in analyzing non-convex energy

Zhu, Song Chun

253

JUNE 2002 311S H M A K I N E T A L . Global Modeling of Land Water and Energy Balances. Part III  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JUNE 2002 311S H M A K I N E T A L . Global Modeling of Land Water and Energy Balances. Part III of basin discharge. 1. Introduction Global models of land water and energy balance can provide information 44 large river basins for which relatively accurate time series of monthly precipitation (a primary

254

European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.8, 1999, Corpet & Gerber, Energy balance and cancer 77 European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1999, 8, 77-89 Author's version  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.8, 1999, Corpet & Gerber, Energy balance and cancer 77 European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1999, 8, 77-89 Author's version REVIEW Energy balance and cancers M overweight, have been recognized as risk factors for the development of cancers. Human epidemiological

Boyer, Edmond

255

Transient Climate Response in a Two-Layer Energy-Balance Model. Part I: Analytical Solution and Parameter Calibration Using CMIP5 AOGCM Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analyzing the global thermal properties of atmosphere颅ocean coupled general circulation models (AOGCMs perturbation, some EBMs assume that the thermal energy balance of the climate system is only expressedTransient Climate Response in a Two-Layer Energy-Balance Model. Part I: Analytical Solution

Ribes, Aur茅lien

256

Post-Tanner stages of droplet spreading: the energy balance approach revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spreading of a circular liquid drop on a solid substrate can be described by the time evolution of its base radius R(t). In complete wetting the quasistationary regime (far away from initial and final transients) typically obeys the so-called Tanner law, with R t^alpha_T, alpha_T=1/10. Late-time spreading may differ significantly from the Tanner law: in some cases the drop does not thin down to a molecular film and instead reaches an equilibrium pancake-like shape; in other situations, as revealed by recent experiments with spontaneously spreading nematic crystals, the growth of the base radius accelerates after the Tanner stage. Here we demonstrate that these two seemingly conflicting trends can be reconciled within a suitably revisited energy balance approach, by taking into account the line tension contribution to the driving force of spreading: a positive line tension is responsible for the formation of pancake-like structures, whereas a negative line tension tends to lengthen the contact line and induces an accelerated spreading (a transition to a faster power law for R(t) than in the Tanner stage).

Serguei Mechkov; Anne-Marie Cazabat; Gleb Oshanin

2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

257

Large and small-scale structures and the dust energy balance problem in spiral galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interstellar dust content in galaxies can be traced in extinction at optical wavelengths, or in emission in the far-infrared. Several studies have found that radiative transfer models that successfully explain the optical extinction in edge-on spiral galaxies generally underestimate the observed FIR/submm fluxes by a factor of about three. In order to investigate this so-called dust energy balance problem, we use two Milky Way-like galaxies produced by high-resolution hydrodynamical simulations. We create mock optical edge-on views of these simulated galaxies (using the radiative transfer code SKIRT), and we then fit the parameters of a basic spiral galaxy model to these images (using the fitting code FitSKIRT). The basic model includes smooth axisymmetric distributions along a S\\'ersic bulge and exponential disc for the stars, and a second exponential disc for the dust. We find that the dust mass recovered by the fitted models is about three times smaller than the known dust mass of the hydrodynamical in...

Saftly, W; De Geyter, G; Camps, P; Renaud, F; Guedes, J; De Looze, I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Design of Refractory Linings for Balanced Energy Efficiency, Uptime, and Capacity in Lime Kilns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rotary kilns used by the pulp and paper industry to regenerate lime in the Kraft process are very energy intensive. Throughout the 90 s, in response to increasing fuel prices, the industry used back up insulation in conjunction with the high alumina brick used to line the burning zones of their kilns. While this improved energy efficiency, the practice of installing insulating brick behind the working lining increased the inner wall temperatures. In the worst case, due to the increased temperatures, rapid brick failures occurred causing unscheduled outages and expensive repairs. Despite these issues, for the most part, the industry continued to use insulating refractory linings in that the energy savings were large enough to offset any increase in the cost of maintaining the refractory lining. Due to the dramatic decline in the price of natural gas in some areas combined with mounting pressures to increasing production of existing assets, over the last decade, many mills are focusing more on increasing the uptime of their kilns as opposed to energy savings. To this end, a growing number of mills are using basic (magnesia based) brick instead of high alumina brick to line the burning zone of the kiln since the lime mud does not react with these bricks at the operating temperatures of the burning zone of the kiln. In the extreme case, a few mills have chosen to install basic brick in the front end of the kiln running a length equivalent to 10 diameters. While the use of basic brick can increase the uptime of the kiln and reduce the cost to maintain the refractory lining, it does dramatically increase the heat losses resulting from the increased operating temperatures of the shell. Also, over long periods of time operating at these high temperatures, damage can occur in the shell. There are tradeoffs between energy efficiency, capacity and uptime. When fuel prices are very high, it makes sense to insulate the lining. When fuel prices are lower, trading some thermal efficiency for increased uptime and capacity seems reasonable. This paper considers a number of refractory linings in an effort to develop optimized operating strategies that balance these factors. In addition to considering a range of refractory materials, the paper examines other factors such as the chain area, discharge dams and other operating variables that impact the service life of the refractory lining. The paper provides recommendations that will help mill personnel develop a strategy to select a refractory lining that is optimized for their specific situation.

Gorog, John Peter [ORNL; Hemrick, James Gordon [ORNL; Walker, Harold [Refratechnik North America, Inc.; Leary, William R [ORNL; Ellis, Murray [Australian Paper, Co.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Grays Harbor PUD- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Grays Harbor PUD's Non-Residential Rebate Program offers financial incentives to its commercial, agricultural, industrial, and institutional customers for the installation of energy efficient...

260

Numerical power balance and free energy loss analysis for solar cells including optical, thermodynamic, and electrical aspects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for analyzing the power losses of solar cells is presented, supplying a complete balance of the incident power, the optical, thermodynamic, and electrical power losses and the electrical output power. The involved quantities have the dimension of a power density (units: W/m{sup 2}), which permits their direct comparison. In order to avoid the over-representation of losses arising from the ultraviolet part of the solar spectrum, a method for the analysis of the electrical free energy losses is extended to include optical losses. This extended analysis does not focus on the incident solar power of, e.g., 1000?W/m{sup 2} and does not explicitly include the thermalization losses and losses due to the generation of entropy. Instead, the usable power, i.e., the free energy or electro-chemical potential of the electron-hole pairs is set as reference value, thereby, overcoming the ambiguities of the power balance. Both methods, the power balance and the free energy loss analysis, are carried out exemplarily for a monocrystalline p-type silicon metal wrap through solar cell with passivated emitter and rear (MWT-PERC) based on optical and electrical measurements and numerical modeling. The methods give interesting insights in photovoltaic (PV) energy conversion, provide quantitative analyses of all loss mechanisms, and supply the basis for the systematic technological improvement of the device.

Greulich, Johannes, E-mail: johannes.greulich@ise.fraunhofer.de; H鰂fler, Hannes; W黵fel, Uli; Rein, Stefan [Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Heidenhofstr. 2, D-79110 Freiburg (Germany)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Interacting holographic dark energy model in non-flat universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We employ the holographic model of interacting dark energy to obtain the equation of state for the holographic energy density in non-flat (closed) universe enclosed by the event horizon measured from the sphere of horizon named $L$.

M R Setare

2006-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

262

Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in ventilation rate standards for Big Box stores and other commercial buildings in California: Issues related to the ASHRAE 62.1 Indoor Air Quality Procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Achieving IAQ and Energy Conservation Goals with ASHRAEBalancingenergy燾onservation燼nd爋ccupant爊eeds爄n牋500-99-013 Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs

Mendell, Mark

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Can the post-Newtonian gravitational waveform of an inspiraling binary be improved by solving the energy balance equation numerically?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The detection of gravitational waves from inspiraling compact binaries using matched filtering depends crucially on the availability of accurate template waveforms. We determine whether the accuracy of the templates' phasing can be improved by solving the post-Newtonian energy balance equation numerically, rather than (as is normally done) analytically within the post-Newtonian perturbative expansion. By specializing to the limit of a small mass ratio, we find evidence that there is no gain in accuracy.

Wolfgang Tichy; Eanna E. Flanagan; Eric Poisson

1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

264

Harvesting energy from non-ideal vibrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy harvesting has drawn significant interest for its potential to power autonomous low-power applications. Vibration energy harvesting is particularly well suited to industrial condition sensing, environmental monitoring ...

Chang, Samuel C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Non-Availability Waivers | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2EnergyDepartment ofNews NewsNickn t e gof

266

Non-physical energy in seismic interferometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-physical arrivals produced by seismic interferometry, the process whereby Green抯 functions are synthesized between two points by cross-correlation, crossconvolution or deconvolution, are often considered to provide ...

King, Simon James

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

267

Static Load Balancing using Non-Uniform Mesh Partitioning based on Ray Density Prediction for the Parallel Wavefront Construction Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

owing to load imbalances between multiple processors.This paper applies a static load balancing approach based on a method for predicting future loads for a synthetic salt dome model, in order to improve the performance.The approach utilizes a...

Alyabes, Abdullah Fahad

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Thermal and non-thermal energies in solar flares  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy of the thermal flare plasma and the kinetic energy of the non-thermal electrons in 14 hard X-ray peaks from 9 medium-sized solar flares have been determined from RHESSI observations. The emissions have been carefully separated in the spectrum. The turnover or cutoff in the low-energy distribution of electrons has been studied by simulation and fitting, yielding a reliable lower limit to the non-thermal energy. It remains the largest contribution to the error budget. Other effects, such as albedo, non-uniform target ionization, hot target, and cross-sections on the spectrum have been studied. The errors of the thermal energy are about equally as large. They are due to the estimate of the flare volume, the assumption of the filling factor, and energy losses. Within a flare, the non-thermal/thermal ratio increases with accumulation time, as expected from loss of thermal energy due to radiative cooling or heat conduction. Our analysis suggests that the thermal and non-thermal energies are of the same magnitude. This surprising result may be interpreted by an efficient conversion of non-thermal energy to hot flare plasma.

Pascal Saint-Hilaire; Arnold O. Benz

2005-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

269

Competitive Non-migratory Scheduling for Flow Time and Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@liv.ac.uk ABSTRACT Energy usage has been an important concern in recent re- search on online scheduling technology to reduce energy usage is dynamic speed scaling (see, e.g., [9, 15, 24, 28]) where the processorCompetitive Non-migratory Scheduling for Flow Time and Energy Tak-Wah Lam Department of Computer

Wong, Prudence W.H.

270

MESOSCALE MODELLING OF WIND ENERGY OVER NON-HOMOGENEOUS TERRAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MESOSCALE MODELLING OF WIND ENERGY OVER NON-HOMOGENEOUS TERRAIN (ReviewArticle) Y. MAHRER.1. OBSERVATIONALAPPROACHES Evaluations of wind energy based on wind observations (usually surface winds) at well, the resolution of the wind energy pattern throughout an extended area by this methodology requires a large number

Pielke, Roger A.

271

Energy use and carbon emissions: Non-OECD countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report surveys world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD countries. The non OECD is important not only because it currently makes up 84% of world population, but because its energy consumption, carbon emissions, population, and grow domestic product have all been growing faster than OECD`s. This presentation has seven major sections: (1) overview of key trends in non-OECD energy use and carbon emissions since 1970; (2) Comparison and contrasting energy use and carbon emissions for five major non OEDC regions (former Soviet Union and eastern Europe, Pacific Rim including China, Latin America, other Asia; Africa; 3-7) presentation of aggregate and sectoral energy use and carbon emissions data for countries within each of the 5 regions.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-Cooperative Game Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Game- Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling for theIn this paper, energy consumption scheduling based on non-Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-

Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid:A Non-Cooperative Game Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Game- Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling for theIn this paper, energy consumption scheduling based on non-Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-

Kai, Ma; Guoqiang, Hu; Spanos, Costas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-Cooperative Game Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Game- Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling for theIn this paper, energy consumption scheduling based on non-Energy Consumption Scheduling in Smart Grid: A Non-

Kai, Ma; Guoqiang, Hu; Spanos, Costas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency and Energy Services definition of an ESCO, indefinition is consistent with the European Commission Directive (2006/32/EC) on Energy

Larsen, Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

LADWP- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Incentive Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Los Angeles Department of Water and Power offers prescriptive and custom incentives to non-residential customers for the installation of energy saving measures, equipment, or systems that exceed...

277

PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) offers rebates and other incentives to businesses and non-residential customers to increase their energy efficiency. In addition to covering equipment...

278

Non-contact pumping of light emitters via non-radiative energy transfer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light emitting device is disclosed including a primary light source having a defined emission photon energy output, and, a light emitting material situated near to said primary light source, said light emitting material having an absorption onset equal to or less in photon energy than the emission photon energy output of the primary light source whereby non-radiative energy transfer from said primary light source to said light emitting material can occur yielding light emission from said light emitting material.

Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Achermann, Marc (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

279

Non-Proliferation | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISO 50001 -5 Jul

280

The Effects of Great Plains Irrigation on the Surface Energy Balance, Regional Circulation, and Precipitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the net radiation at the surface, channeling that energy into additional latent heat flux, which increases convective available potential energy and provides downstream convective systems with additional energy and moisture. Most noteworthy in this study...

Huber, David B.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Mechem, David B.

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Balancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy in Western Utility Resource Plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EIA). 2005. 揂nnual Energy Outlook 2005 with Projections toSpecifically, the EIA抯 Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEOFor example, in its Annual Energy Outlook 2005, the EIA

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

NV Energy Solar Integration Study: Cycling and Movements of Conventional Generators for Balancing Services  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With an increasing penetration level of solar power in the southern Nevada system, the impact of solar on system operations needs to be carefully studied from various perspectives. Qualitatively, it is expected that the balancing requirements to compensate for solar power variability will be larger in magnitude; meanwhile, generators providing load following and regulation services will be moved up or down more frequently. One of the most important tasks is to quantitatively evaluate the cycling and movements of conventional generators with solar power at different penetration levels. This study is focused on developing effective methodologies for this goal and providing a basis for evaluating the wear and tear of the conventional generators

Diao, Ruisheng; Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guo, Xinxin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Thermodynamics of Markov Processes with Non-extensive Entropy and Free Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel to the recent presented complete thermodynamic formalism for master equation systems, we show that a "thermodynamic" theory can also be developed based on Tsallis' generalized entropy $S_q and Shiino's generalized free energy F_q which depends on \\pi_i, the stationary distribution of the master equation. $dF_q/dt=-f_d\\le 0$ and it is zero iff the system is in its stationary state. $dS_q/dt = f_d-Q_{ex}$ where $Q_{ex}$ characterizes the heat exchange. For systems approaching equilibrium with detailed balance, $f_d$ is the product of Onsager's thermodynamic flux and force. However, it is discovered that the Onsager's force is non-local. This is a consequence of the particular transformation invariance for zero energy of Tsallis' statistics.

Hong Qian

2011-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

284

Heterogeneous Modulation for Trading-off Energy Balancing with Bandwidth Efficiency in Hierarchical Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research has focused on energy efficient design in different levels of network protocol stack, much less

Pedram, Massoud

285

Non-Tectonic | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City) JumpOpenJV JumpTectonic Jump to: navigation,

286

Role of non-fossil energy in meeting China's energy and climate target for 2020  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China is the largest energy consumer and CO2 emitter in the world. The Chinese government faces growing challenges of ensuring energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. To address these two issues, the Chinese government has announced two ambitious domestic indicative autonomous mitigation targets for 2020: increasing the ratio of non-fossil energy to 15% and reducing carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40-45% from 2005 levels. To explore the role of non-fossil energy in achieving these two targets, this paper first provides an overview of current status of non-fossil energy development in China; then gives a brief review of GDP and primary energy consumption; next assesses in detail the role of the non fossil energy in 2020, including the installed capacity and electricity generation of non-fossil energy sources, the share and role of non-fossil energy in the electricity structure, emissions reduction resulting from the shift to non-fossil energy, and challenges for accomplishing the mitigation targets in 2020 ; finally, conclusions and policy measures for non-fossil energy development are proposed.

Zhou, Sheng; Tong, Qing; Yu, Sha; Wang, Yu; Chai, Qimin; Zhang, Xiliang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

EXTENDING NUCLEAR ENERGY TO NON-ELECTRICAL APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electricity represents less than half of all energy consumed in the United States and globally. Although a few commercial nuclear power plants world-wide provide energy to non-electrical applications such as district heating and water desalination, nuclear energy has been largely relegated to base-load electricity production. A new generation of smaller-sized nuclear power plants offers significant promise for extending nuclear energy to many non-electrical applications. The NuScale small modular reactor design is especially well suited for these non-traditional customers due to its small unit size, very robust reactor protection features and a highly flexible and scalable plant design. A series of technical and economic evaluation studies have been conducted to assess the practicality of using a NuScale plant to provide electricity and heat to a variety of non-electrical applications, including water desalination, oil refining, and hydrogen production. The studies serve to highlight the unique design features of the NuScale plant for these applications and provide encouraging conclusions regarding the technical and economic viability of extending clean nuclear energy to a broad range of non-electrical energy consumers.

R. Boardman; M. McKellar; D. Ingersoll; Z. Houghton; , R. Bromm; C. Desportes

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Industrial Sector Energy Demand: Revisions for Non-Energy-Intensive Manufacturing (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

For the industrial sector, the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) analysis and projection efforts generally have focused on the energy-intensive industriesfood, bulk chemicals, refining, glass, cement, steel, and aluminumwhere energy cost averages 4.8% of annual operating cost. Detailed process flows and energy intensity indicators have been developed for narrowly defined industry groups in the energy-intensive manufacturing sector. The non-energy-intensive manufacturing industries, where energy cost averages 1.9% of annual operating cost, previously have received somewhat less attention, however. In Annual Energy Outlook 2006 (AEO), energy demand projections were provided for two broadly aggregated industry groups in the non-energy-intensive manufacturing sector: metal-based durables and other non-energy-intensive. In the AEO2006 projections, the two groups accounted for more than 50% of the projected increase in industrial natural gas consumption from 2004 to 2030.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

A method based on transverse energy balance of jets for selection of direct photons and fragmentation photons in high energy pp collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct photons are important probes in high energy collisions. They play an important role in determining the parton distribution function directly inside a proton as well as the nature of the matter formed in heavy ion collisions. However fragmentation photons play the role of prominent background in identifying the direct photons. In the present work we developed a new method based on the transverse energy balance of jets for enrichment of direct photon candidates in pp collisions. This method can reject 35% of the background photons (fragmentation) which can not be suppressed by isolation. Efficiency of detection of direct photon decrease by 10% in the method.

Mriganka Mouli Mondal; Subhasis Chattopadhyay

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

FY 2008 & FY 2009 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &of EnergyOrganization (dollars in5Statistical467This

291

JouleSort: A Balanced Energy-Efficiency Benchmark Suzanne Rivoire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and scalability. As data centers house more servers and consume more energy, removing heat from the data center power consumption [28]. For mobile devices, battery capacity and energy use di- rectly affect usability. Battery capacity determines how long devices last, constrains form factors, and limits functional- ity

Kozyrakis, Christos

292

Balance of Power: Energy Management for Server Clusters Je rey S. Chase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are often cited as a major source of increases in energy consumption, particu- larly in the US. Scientists recently stated that the Internet accounts for 8 of US elec- tricity consumption". Although the actual gure de- partment at Duke University. signi cant energy consumers in the US and globally. Moreover

293

Fractal energy carpets in non-Hermitian Hofstadter quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the non-Hermitian Hofstadter dynamics of a quantum particle with biased motion on a square lattice in the background of a magnetic field. We show that in quasi-momentum space the energy spectrum is an overlap of infinitely many inequivalent fractals. The energy levels in each fractal are space-filling curves with Hausdorff dimension 2. The band structure of the spectrum is similar to a fractal spider net in contrast to the Hofstadter butterfly for unbiased motion.

Chernodub, M N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic spatially-adaptive balancing...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

balancing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Automatic Spatially-Adaptive Balancing of Energy Terms for Image Segmentation Summary: Automatic Spatially-Adaptive Balancing of Energy Terms...

295

Water and Energy Sustainability: A Balance of Government Action and Industry Innovation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By completing the tasks and subtasks of the project, the Ground Water Protection Council (GWPC) through its state regulatory agency members and oil and gas industry partners, will bring attention to water quality and quantity issues and make progress toward water and energy sustainability though enhanced water protection and conservation thus enhancing the viability of the domestic fossil fuel industry. The project contains 4 major independent Tasks. Task 1 - Work Plan: Water-Energy Sustainability: A Symposium on Resource Viability. Task 2 - Work Plan: A Regional Assessment of Water and Energy Sustainability. Task 3 - Work Plan: Risk Based Data Management System-Water Water and Energy Module. Task 4 - Work Plan: Identification and Assessment of States Regulatory Programs Regarding Geothermal Heating and Cooling Systems. Each task has a specific scope (details given).

Ben Grunewald

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

296

Energy watchers IV. Energy, economics and environment: Imperatives realities, and balance and Pacific Basin Demand and downstream activities: Is Middle East supply the answer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1974, the International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development (ICEED) has been holding annual international energy conferences that seek to bring together the public and private sectors from the United States and overseas in order to facilitate the exchange of views and information. The nineteenth annual international energy sessions on [open quotes]Energy, Economics, and Environment: Imperatives, Realities, and Balance,[close quotes] opened April 21, 1992. The goal was to look at the complex linkage between energy and the environment that cannot be decoupled in the near to medium future. The thirteenth annual international area conference, held from April 23-24, 1992, reflected appreciation and acknowledgement of the primacy of the Arabian/Persian Gulf in international energy trade. The area theme, [open quotes]Pacific Basin Demand and Downstream Activities: Is Middle East Supply the Answer ,[close quotes] was premised on the solidification of trade blocs globally and on these two regions which represent the major areas of growth in energy demand and petroleum supply, respectively. Issues addressed in the papers presented included the impact on the world oil sector of these demand and supply zones in the direction of upstream and downstream investment, the approaches and instruments that may be initiated or honed in terms of joint ventures and supply arrangements in the 1990s, and the possibility that the former USSR will become an energy land bridge between the Pacific Basin and Europe.

El Mallakh, D.H. (ed.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Work For Others (Non-Department of Energy Funded Work)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Work for Others (WFO) is the performance of work for non-Department of Energy (DOE) entities by DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and/or their respective contractor personnel or the use of DOE/NNSA facilities that is not directly funded by DOE appropriations. Cancels DOE O 481.1A.

2001-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

298

Work For Others (Non-Department of Energy Funded Work)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Work for Others (WFO) is the performance of work for non-Department of Energy (DOE) entities by DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and/or their respective contractor personnel or the use of DOE/NNSA facilities that is not directly funded by DOE appropriations. WFO has the following objectives. Cancels DOE O 481.1.

2001-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

299

Non-Residential Energy Code National and Regional Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-Residential Energy Code Comparison National and Regional Codes David Baylon Mike Kennedy #12 2003 路 ASHRAE 90.1 2001 & addenda 路 E-Benchmark Guidelines (NBI) #12;Approach 路 Comparison of the State;Approach (cont.) 路 Provisions compared 颅 Lighting power 颅 Lighting controls 颅 Mechanical systems 颅 Building

300

Non-Invasive Energy Meter - Energy Innovation Portal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNationalNewportBig Eddy ArcheologicalSolar Thermal Solar Thermal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Balancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy in Western Utility Resource Plans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Markets for renewable energy have historically been motivated primarily by policy efforts, but a less widely recognized driver is poised to also play a major role in the coming years: utility integrated resource planning (IRP). Resource planning has re-emerged in recent years as an important tool for utilities and regulators, particularly in regions where retail competition has failed to take root. In the western United States, the most recent resource plans contemplate a significant amount of renewable energy additions. These planned additions--primarily coming from wind power--are motivated by the improved economics of wind power, a growing acceptance of wind by electric utilities, and an increasing recognition of the inherent risks (e.g., natural gas price risk, environmental compliance risk) in fossil-based generation portfolios. This report examines how twelve western utilities treat renewable energy in their recent resource plans. In aggregate, these utilities supply approximately half of all electricity demand in the western United States. Our purpose is twofold: (1) to highlight the growing importance of utility IRP as a current and future driver of renewable energy, and (2) to identify methodological/modeling issues, and suggest possible improvements to methods used to evaluate renewable energy as a resource option. Here we summarize the key findings of the report, beginning with a discussion of the planned renewable energy additions called for by the twelve utilities, an overview of how these plans incorporated renewables into candidate portfolios, and a review of the specific technology cost and performance assumptions they made, primarily for wind power. We then turn to the utilities' analysis of natural gas price and environmental compliance risks, and examine how the utilities traded off portfolio cost and risk in selecting a preferred portfolio.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

302

Galaxy Formation and Evolution. II. Energy Balance, Star Formation and Feed-back  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present a critical discussion of the algorithms commonly used in N-body simulations of Galaxy Formation to deal with the energy equation governing heating and cooling, to model star formation and the star formation rate, and to account for energy feed-back from stars. First, we propose our technique for solving the energy equation in presence of heating and cooling, which includes some difference with respect to the standard semi-implicit technique. Second, we examine the current criteria for the onset of the star formation activity. We suggest a new approach, in which star formaiton is let depend on the total mass density - baryonic (gas and stars) and dark matter - of the system and on the metal-dependent cooling efficiency. Third, we check and discuss the separate effects of energy (and mass) feed-back from several sources - namely supernovae, stellar winds from massive stars, and UV flux from the same objects. All the simulations are performed in the framework of the formation and evolution of a disk galaxy. We show that the inclusion of these physical phenomena has a signigicant impact on the evolution of the galaxy model.

Fulvio Buonomo; Giovanni Carraro; Cesare Chiosi; Cesario Lia

1999-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

303

An Attracting Jormungand Climate State for an Energy Balance Model with Ice Line Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evidence exists indicating continental ice sheets flowed into the ocean near the equator during. A planet is warmed by incoming solar radiation (or insolation), while it loses heat energy through the emission of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) to space. The extent to which the surface and clouds reflect

Wilmer, Elizabeth

304

Renormalized energy equidistribution and local charge balance in 2D Coulomb systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider two related problems: the first is the minimization of the "Coulomb renormalized energy" of Sandier-Serfaty, which corresponds to the total Coulomb interaction of point charges in a uniform neutralizing background (or rather variants of it). The second corresponds to the minimization of the Hamiltonian of a two-dimensional "Coulomb gas" or "one-component plasma", a system of n point charges with Coulomb pair interaction, in a confining potential (minimizers of this energy also correspond to "weighted Fekete sets"). In both cases we investigate the microscopic structure of minimizers, i.e. at the scale corresponding to the interparticle distance. We show that in any large enough microscopic set, the value of the energy and the number of points are "rigid" and completely determined by the macroscopic density of points. In other words, points and energy are "equidistributed" in space (modulo appropriate scalings). The number of points in a ball is in particular known up to an error proportional to the radius of the ball. We also prove a result on the maximal and minimal distances between points. Our approach involves fully exploiting the minimality by reducing to minimization problems with fixed boundary conditions posed on smaller subsets.

Simona Rota Nodari; Sylvia Serfaty

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

305

Nuclear dynamics at balance energy for the neutron-rich systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the system size dependence of the participant and spectator matter at the energy of vanishing flow for systems having N/Z ratios as 1.0, 1.6 and 2.0. We see a nearly mass independent behaviour of the participant/spectator matter for all the N/Z ratios.

Sakshi Gautam

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

306

Balance of Power: Energy Management for Server Clusters Jeffrey S. Chase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consensus that higher levels of CO 2 and other gases are responsible for global tem perature increases over the last century, and present a significant risk of further global warming over the next century [2]. Under in the Computer Science de partment at Duke University. significant energy consumers in the US and globally

307

Direct control of the small-scale energy balance in 2D fluid dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the direct modification of the pseudo-spectral truncation of 2D, incompressible fluid dynamics to maintain a prescribed kinetic energy spectrum. The method provides a means of simulating fluid states with defined spectral properties, for the purpose of matching simulation statistics to given information, arising from observations, theoretical prediction or high fidelity simulation. In the scheme outlined here, Nos\\'e-Hoover thermostats, commonly used in molecular dynamics, are introduced as feedback controls applied to energy shells of the Fourier-discretized Navier-Stokes equations. As we demonstrate in numerical experiments, the dynamical properties (quantified using autocorrelation functions) are only modestly perturbed by our device, while ensemble dispersion is significantly enhanced in comparison with simulations of a corresponding truncation incorporating hyperviscosity.

Frank, Jason; Myerscough, Keith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Ex Ante Appraisal Carbon-Balance Tool (EX-ACT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (TheEtelligence (Smart Grid Project) JumpEnergyEvanston,EarthEx

309

Alternatives for balanced production of fibers, chemicals, and energy from wood  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increased oil prices and shortage of fossil materials have recently focused interest on the possibilities of conversion of wood to various forms of fuels and chemicals. It is to be expected that new approaches are emerging from the totality of the research effort now in progress. However, irrespective of this, the function of wood as a construction material and a source for fibers presumably remains unchanged or even becomes more important in the future. In regard to the principal pulping methods for production of fibers, no abrupt changes in current practices are probable, apart from important progress in energy saving. In a very favorable situation of the kraft process, when surplus energy generated from the burning of black liquor is availiable, a partial recovery of dissolved organic solids, such as lignin and carbohydrates and their degradation products, becomes more attractive. Quite different is the case of the conventional sulfite process when evaporation and burning of the spent liquor result in severe air pollution. Successful recovery, conversion, and marketing of the dissolved solids can then be the only way to compensate for the expense of using external fuel. Alternatives for production of organic chemicals from kraft and sulfite spent liquors are discussed by taking into consideration the fiber production, composition of dissolved solids, energy requirements, pollution problems, and recovery of inorganic pulping chemicals. 11 references, 10 figures, 5 tables

Sjoestroem, E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Alternative energy sources for non-highway transportation. Appendices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A planning study was made for DOE on alternate fuels for non-highway transportation (aircraft, rail, marine, and pipeline). The study provides DOE with a recommendation of what alternate fuels may be of interest to non-highway transportation users from now through 2025 and recommends R and D needed to allow non-petroleum derived fuels to be used in non-highway transportation. Volume III contains all of the references for the data used in the preliminary screening and is presented in 4 subvolumes. Volume IIIA covers the background information on the various prime movers used in the non-highway transportation area, the physical property data, the fuel-prime mover interaction and a review of some alternate energy forms. Volume IIIB covers the economics of producing, tranporting, and distributing the various fuels. Volume IIIC is concerned with the environment issues in production and use of the fuels, the energy efficiency in use and production, the fuel logistics considerations, and the overall ratings and selection of the fuels and prime movers for the detailed evaluation. Volume IIID covers the demand-related issues.

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Serotonin 5-HT2C receptor-independent expression of hypothalamic NOR1, a novel modulator of food intake and energy balance, in mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NOR1, Nur77 and Nurr1 are orphan nuclear receptors and members of the NR4A subfamily. Here, we report that the expression of hypothalamic NOR1 was remarkably decreased in mildly obese {beta}-endorphin-deficient mice and obese db/db mice with the leptin receptor mutation, compared with age-matched wild-type mice, whereas there were no genotypic differences in the expression of hypothalamic Nur77 or Nurr1 in these animals. The injection of NOR1 siRNA oligonucleotide into the third cerebral ventricle significantly suppressed food intake and body weight in mice. On the other hand, the decreases in hypothalamic NOR1 expression were not found in non-obese 5-HT2C receptor-deficient mice. Moreover, systemic administration of m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), a 5-HT2C/1B receptor agonist, had no effect on hypothalamic NOR1 expression, while suppressing food intake in {beta}-endorphin-deficient mice. These findings suggest that 5-HT2C receptor-independent proopiomelanocortin-derived peptides regulate the expression of hypothalamic NOR1, which is a novel modulator of feeding behavior and energy balance.

Nonogaki, Katsunori, E-mail: knonogaki-tky@umin.ac.jp [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan) [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan); Department of Lifestyle Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Center, Tohoku University (Japan); Kaji, Takao [Department of Lifestyle Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Center, Tohoku University (Japan)] [Department of Lifestyle Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Center, Tohoku University (Japan); Ohba, Yukie; Sumii, Makiko [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan)] [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan); Wakameda, Mamoru; Tamari, Tomohiro [Charles River Laboratories Japan, Inc. (Japan)] [Charles River Laboratories Japan, Inc. (Japan)

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

312

N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy as a probe of symmetry energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy (E$_{bal}$) for isotopic series of Ca having N/Z (N/A) varying from 1.0 to 2.0 (0.5 to 0.67). We show that the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ is sensitive to symmetry energy and its density dependence at densities higher than saturation density and is insensitive towards the isospin dependence of nucleon-nucleon (nn) cross section and Coulomb repulsion. We also study the effect of momentum dependent interactions (MDI) on the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$. We find that although MDI influences the E$_{bal}$ drastically, the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ remains unchanged on inclusion of MDI.

Aman D. Sood

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

313

Microsoft Word - Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment to work on broader solutions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMappingENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTApproved:GEORGEICReduced Form SSRL0 13

314

Sustainable Energy for Development The evolution of technologies provides remote, non-grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Energy for Development GOALS: The evolution of technologies provides remote, non, energy storage, light emitting diodes, energy monitoring and management. RESEARCH ISSUES: Investigate the correlation of energy and social well being and associated energy costs. Research current methods

Mottram, Nigel

315

Finite-size energy of non-interacting Fermi gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove the asymptotics of the difference of the ground-state energies of two non-interacting $N$-particle Fermi gases on the half line of length $L$ in the thermodynamic limit up to order $1/L$. We are particularly interested in subdominant terms proportional to $1/L$, called finite-size energy. In the nineties Affleck and co-authors [Aff97, ZA97, AL94] claimed that the finite-size energy equals the decay exponent occuring in Anderson's orthogonality catastrophe. It turns out that the finite-size energy depends on the details of the thermodynamic limit and typically also includes a linear term in the scattering phase shift.

Martin Gebert

2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

316

Energy-exchange stochastic models for non-equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-equilibrium steady states are subject to intense investigations but still poorly understood. For instance, the derivation of Fourier law in Hamiltonian systems is a problem that still poses several obstacles. In order to investigate non-equilibrium systems, stochastic models of energy-exchange have been introduced and they have been used to identify universal properties of non-equilibrium. In these notes, after a brief review of the problem of anomalous transport in 1-dimensional Hamiltonian systems, some boundary-driven interacting random systems are considered and the "duality approach" to their rigorous mathematical treatment is reviewed. Duality theory, of which a brief introduction is given, is a powerful technique to deal with Markov processes and interacting particle systems. The content of these notes is mainly based on the papers [10, 11, 12].

Chiara Franceschini; Cristian Giardina

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

317

Holographic dark energy with non-minimal coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a scalar field non-minimally coupled to the curvature, in the framework of holographic dark energy. We obtain a relation between the coupling of the scalar field and the holographic DE parameters. In the model without potential we found the EOS parameter in different regions of the parameters, giving rise to accelerated expansion. For some restrictions on the parameters, the model presents quintom behavior.

L. N. Granda; L. D. Escobar

2009-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

318

Work for Others (Non-Department of Energy Funded Work)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Work for Others is the performance of work for non-Department of Energy (DOE) entities by DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and/or their respective contractor personnel or the use of DOE/NNSA facilities that is not directly funded by DOE appropriations. Cancels DOE O 481.1B. Certified 1-13-11. Admin Chg 1, dated 3-14-11, cancels DOE O 481.1C.

2005-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

Work for Others (Non-Department of Energy Funded Work)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Work for Others is the performance of work for non-Department of Energy (DOE) entities by DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and/or their respective contractor personnel or the use of DOE/NNSA facilities that is not directly funded by DOE appropriations. Cancels DOE O 481.1B. Certified 1-13-11. Admin Chg 1, dated 3-14-11.

2005-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

320

Non-linear equation: energy conservation and impact parameter dependence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we address two questions: how energy conservation affects the solution to the non-linear equation, and how impact parameter dependence influences the inclusive production. Answering the first question we solve the modified BK equation which takes into account energy conservation. In spite of the fact that we used the simplified kernel, we believe that the main result of the paper: the small ($\\leq 40%$) suppression of the inclusive productiondue to energy conservation, reflects a general feature. This result leads us to believe that the small value of the nuclear modification factor is of a non-perturbative nature. In the solution a new scale appears $Q_{fr} = Q_s \\exp(-1/(2 \\bas))$ and the production of dipoles with the size larger than $2/Q_{fr}$ is suppressed. Therefore, we can expect that the typical temperature for hadron production is about $Q_{fr}$ ($ T \\approx Q_{fr}$). The simplified equation allows us to obtain a solution to Balitsky-Kovchegov equation taking into account the impact parameter dependence. We show that the impact parameter ($b$) dependence can be absorbed into the non-perturbative $b$ dependence of the saturation scale. The solution of the BK equation, as well as of the modified BK equation without $b$ dependence, is only accurate up to $\\pm 25%$.

Andrey Kormilitzin; Eugene Levin

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The problem of non-renewable energy resources in the production of physical capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007/8 The problem of non-renewable energy resources in the production of physical capital Agustin P茅rez-Barahona #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/8 The problem of non-renewable energy resources-run growth, although energy is produced by means of non-renewable energy resources. The mechanism behind

Nesterov, Yurii

322

Ris Energy Report 5 Biomass biomass is one of few non-fluctuating renewable energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ris酶 Energy Report 5 Biomass 6.2 biomass is one of few non-fluctuating renewable energy resources- tem. Alongside stored hydro and geothermal, this sets biomass apart from most other renewables such as wind power, which must be used when available. A proportion of biomass is therefore attractive

323

Time-resolved characterization and energy balance analysis of implosion core in shock-ignition experiments at OMEGA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-resolved temperature and density conditions in the core of shock-ignition implosions have been determined for the first time. The diagnostic method relies on the observation, with a streaked crystal spectrometer, of the signature of an Ar tracer added to the deuterium gas fill. The data analysis confirms the importance of the shell attenuation effect previously noted on time-integrated spectroscopic measurements of thick-wall targets [R. Florido et al., Phys. Rev. E 83, 066408 (2011)]. This effect must be taken into account in order to obtain reliable results. The extracted temperature and density time-histories are representative of the state of the core during the implosion deceleration and burning phases. As a consequence of the ignitor shock launched by the sharp intensity spike at the end of the laser pulse, observed average core electron temperature and mass density reach T???1100?eV and ????2?g/cm{sup 3}; then temperature drops to T???920?eV while density rises to ????3.4?g/cm{sup 3} about the time of peak compression. Compared to 1D hydrodynamic simulations, the experiment shows similar maximum temperatures and smaller densities. Simulations do not reproduce all observations. Differences are noted in the heating dynamics driven by the ignitor shock and the optical depth time-history of the compressed shell. Time-histories of core conditions extracted from spectroscopy show that the implosion can be interpreted as a two-stage polytropic process. Furthermore, an energy balance analysis of implosion core suggests an increase in total energy greater than what 1D hydrodynamic simulations predict. This new methodology can be implemented in other ICF experiments to look into implosion dynamics and help to understand the underlying physics.

Florido, R., E-mail: ricardo.florido@ulpgc.es; Mancini, R. C.; Nagayama, T. [Department of Physics, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Tommasini, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Delettrez, J. A.; Regan, S. P. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

QCD traveling waves at non-asymptotic energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using consistent truncations of the BFKL kernel, we derive analytical traveling-wave solutions of the Balitsky-Kovchegov saturation equation for both fixed and running coupling. A universal parametrization of the ``interior'' of the wave front is obtained and compares well with numerical simulations of the original Balitsky-Kovchegov equation, even at non-asymptotic energies. Using this universal parametrization, we find evidence for a traveling-wave pattern of the dipole amplitude determined from the gluon distribution extracted from deep inelastic scattering data.

C. Marquet; R. Peschanski; G. Soyez

2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

325

On the Sensitivity of Atmospheric Model Implied Ocean Heat Transport to the Dominant Terms of the Surface Energy Balance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oceanic meridional heat transport (T{sub o}) implied by an atmospheric General Circulation Model (GCM) can help evaluate a model's readiness for coupling with an ocean GCM. In this study we examine the T{sub o} from benchmark experiments of the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project, and evaluate the sensitivity of T{sub o} to the dominant terms of the surface energy balance. The implied global ocean TO in the Southern Hemisphere of many models is equatorward, contrary to most observationally-based estimates. By constructing a hybrid (model corrected by observations) T{sub o}, an earlier study demonstrated that the implied heat transport is critically sensitive to the simulated shortwave cloud radiative effects, which have been argued to be principally responsible for the Southern Hemisphere problem. Systematic evaluation of one model in a later study suggested that the implied T{sub o} could be equally as sensitive to a model's ocean surface latent heat flux. In this study we revisit the problem with more recent simulations, making use of estimates of ocean surface fluxes to construct two additional hybrid calculations. The results of the present study demonstrate that indeed the implied T{sub o} of an atmospheric model is very sensitive to problems in not only the surface net shortwave, but the latent heat flux as well. Many models underestimate the shortwave radiation reaching the surface in the low latitudes, and overestimate the latent heat flux in the same region. The additional hybrid transport calculations introduced here could become useful model diagnostic tests as estimates of implied ocean surface fluxes are improved.

Gleckler, P J

2004-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

326

1, 1739, 2007 Glacier balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integrates water and energy balance factors to exhibit a maximum climate change signaling effect (IPCC, 1996 (South Cascade Glacier) in the lower 48 United States with ongoing measurements. Regional variationTCD 1, 17颅39, 2007 Glacier balance measurement, forecasting M. S. Pelto Title Page Abstract

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

327

Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy Alfred Greiner Lars a canonical growth model with damages in the household's welfare function and two energy sources 颅 non-renewable and renewable energy. To produce renewable energy a capital stock must be built up. We study when a transition

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

328

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a numerical modeling study of coupled thermodynamic, multiphase fluid flow and heat transport associated with underground compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns. Specifically, we explored the concept of using concrete lined caverns at a relatively shallow depth for which constructing and operational costs may be reduced if air tightness and stability can be assured. Our analysis showed that the key parameter to assure long-term air tightness in such a system was the permeability of both the concrete lining and the surrounding rock. The analysis also indicated that a concrete lining with a permeability of less than 110{sup -18} m{sup 2} would result in an acceptable air leakage rate of less than 1%, with the operational pressure range between 5 and 8 MPa at a depth of 100 m. It was further noted that capillary retention properties and the initial liquid saturation of the lining were very important. Indeed, air leakage could be effectively prevented when the air-entry pressure of the concrete lining is higher than the operational air pressure and when the lining is kept moist at a relatively high liquid saturation. Our subsequent energy-balance analysis demonstrated that the energy loss for a daily compression and decompression cycle is governed by the air-pressure loss, as well as heat loss by conduction to the concrete liner and surrounding rock. For a sufficiently tight system, i.e., for a concrete permeability off less than 110{sup -18} m{sup 2}, heat loss by heat conduction tends to become proportionally more important. However, the energy loss by heat conduction can be minimized by keeping the air-injection temperature of compressed air closer to the ambient temperature of the underground storage cavern. In such a case, almost all the heat loss during compression is gained back during subsequent decompression. Finally, our numerical simulation study showed that CAES in shallow rock caverns is feasible from a leakage and energy efficiency viewpoint. Our numerical approach and energy analysis will next be applied in designing and evaluating the performance of a planned full-scale pilot test of the proposed underground CAES concept.

Kim, H.-M.; Rutqvist, J.; Ryu, D.-W.; Choi, B.-H.; Sunwoo, C.; Song, W.-K.

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Quantum efficiency of energy transfer in non-covalent carbon nanotube/porphyrin compounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum efficiency of energy transfer in non-covalent carbon nanotube/porphyrin compounds C and the dynamics of the energy transfer. Photoluminescence (PL) experiments conducted on carbon nanotube) Abstract We report on the quantum yield of excitation energy transfer in non-covalently bound nan- otube

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

330

FOREST-AIR FLUXES OF CARBON, WATER AND ENERGY OVER NON-FLAT TERRAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOREST-AIR FLUXES OF CARBON, WATER AND ENERGY OVER NON-FLAT TERRAIN XUHUI LEE and XINZHANG HU-air exchange of carbon, water, and energy was conducted at a mid-latitude, mixed forest on non-flat terrain to address this question, we conducted a field experiment on energy and carbon exchanges in a mixed forest

Lee, Xuhui

331

Wright-Hennepin Cooperative Electric Association- Non-Residential Energy Efficient Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wright-Hennepin Cooperative Electric Association offers a range of rebates to non-residential customers who purchase and install approved energy efficient equipment. Rebates are available for...

332

Apps for Energy Non-Governmental Resource Disclaimer  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The non-governmental resources are provided strictly for education purposes, and should not be considered a complete list of available resources.

333

Ontogenetic and Seasonal Variation of Young Non-Native Fish Energy Densities in Lake Michigan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-specific trade-offs between energy allocation to different tissue-types (low energy density, structural tissueOntogenetic and Seasonal Variation of Young Non-Native Fish Energy Densities in Lake Michigan Overview Energy content is a useful metric of physiological status of fishes and may help elucidate spatial

334

Capital accumulation and non-renewable energy resources: a special functions case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007/9 Capital accumulation and non-renewable energy resources: a special functions case Agustin P茅rez-Barahona #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/9 Capital accumulation and non-renewable energy resources the implications of assuming different technologies for physical capital accumulation and consumption. More

Nesterov, Yurii

335

Non-analyticity of the groud state energy of the Hamiltonian for Hydrogen atom in non-relativistic QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the ground state energy up to the fourth order in the fine structure constant $\\alpha$ for the translation invariant Pauli-Fierz Hamiltonian for a spinless electron coupled to the quantized radiation field. As a consequence, we obtain the non-analyticity of the ground state energy of the Pauli-Fierz operator for a single particle in the Coulomb field of a nucleus.

Jean-Marie Barbaroux; Semjon Vugalter

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Interacting agegraphic dark energy models in non-flat universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A so-called "agegraphic dark energy" was recently proposed to explain the dark energy-dominated universe. In this Letter, we generalize the agegraphic dark energy models to the universe with spatial curvature in the presence of interaction between dark matter and dark energy. We show that these models can accommodate $w_D = -1 $ crossing for the equation of state of dark energy. In the limiting case of a flat universe, i.e. $k = 0$, all previous results of agegraphic dark energy in flat universe are restored.

Ahmad Sheykhi

2009-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

337

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind- diesel-compressed air energy storage system for remotestudy for the compressed air energy storage technology bydesign of compressed air energy storage electric power

Kim, H.-M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Progress in electrical energy storage system: a criticalcurrent and future energy storage technologies for electricwind- diesel-compressed air energy storage system for remote

Kim, H.-M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Non-Vapor Compression HVAC Technologies Report | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2EnergyDepartment ofNews NewsNickn t eDepartment

340

Self Supplied Balancing Reserves  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmitted forHighlights NuclearSelf-Supplied-Balancing-Reserves Sign In About |

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Work/Life Balance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | Blandine Jerome Careers at WIPPCompletesWork/Life Balance

342

Energy-momentum tensors for non-commutative Abelian Proca field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study two different possibilities of constructing the energy-momentum tensors for non-commutative Abelian Proca field, by using (i) general Noether theorem and (ii) coupling to a weak external gravitational field. Both energy-momentum tensors are not traceless due to the violation of Lorentz invariance in non-commutative spaces. In particular, we show that the obtained energy density of the latter case coincides exactly with that of obtained by Dirac quantization method.

F. Darabi; F. Naderi

2014-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

343

Non-dissipative energy capture of confined liquid in nanopores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past, energy absorption of protection/damping materials is mainly based on energy dissipation, which causes a fundamental conflict between the requirements of safety/comfort and efficiency. In the current study, a nanofluidic energy capture system is reported, which is based on nanoporous materials and nonwetting liquid. Both molecular dynamics simulations and experiments show that as the liquid overcomes the capillary effect and infiltrates into the nanopores, the mechanical energy of a stress wave could be temporarily stored by the confined liquid phase and isolated from the wave energy transmission path. Such a system can work under a relatively low pressure for mitigating high-pressure stress waves, not necessarily involved in any energy dissipation processes.

Xu, Baoxing; Chen, Xi [Columbia Nanomechanics Research Center, Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Lu, Weiyi; Zhao, Cang [Department of Structural Engineering, University of California朣an Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0085 (United States); Qiao, Yu, E-mail: yqiao@ucsd.edu [Department of Structural Engineering, University of California朣an Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0085 (United States); Program of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California朣an Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

344

Property:EnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration

345

Energy Aware Non-preemptive Scheduling for Hard Real-Time Ravindra Jejurikar Rajesh K. Gupta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . 11 4 Energy comparison of the static slowdown algorithms as a function of the task gain factor GfEnergy Aware Non-preemptive Scheduling for Hard Real-Time Systems Ravindra Jejurikar Rajesh K the ability to perform an energy-delay tradeoff in the computation and communications subsystems. Slowdown

Gupta, Rajesh

346

Holographic Dark Energy with Time Varying n^2 Parameter in Non-Flat Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a holographic dark energy model, with a varying parameter, n, which evolves slowly with time. We obtain the differential equation describing evolution of the dark energy density parameter, $\\Omega_d$, for the flat and non-flat FRW universes. The equation of state parameter in this generalized version of holographic dark energy depends on n.

Bushra Majeed; Mubasher Jamil; Azad A. Siddiqui

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Optimisation of a Small Non Controlled Wind Energy Conversion System for Stand-Alone Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimisation of a Small Non Controlled Wind Energy Conversion System for Stand-Alone Applications. This article proposes a method to optimize the design of a small fixed-voltage wind energy conversion system are shown and discussed. Key words Wind energy conversion system, stand-alone application, nonlinear

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

348

Non-existence of Global Energy-Minimisers in Stokes Wave Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-existence of Global Energy-Minimisers in Stokes Wave Problems J. F. Toland Abstract Recently it was shown that a wave profile which minimises total energy, elastic plus hydrodynamic, subject theories of existence. The purpose here is to show that, without surface energy, global minimisers do

349

Interacting polytropic gas model of phantom dark energy in non-flat universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By introducing the polytropic gas model of interacting dark energy, we obtain the equation of state for the polytropic gas energy density in a non-flat universe. We show that for even polytropic index by choosing $K>Ba^{\\frac{3}{n}}$, one can obtain $\\omega^{\\rm eff}_{\\Lambda}<-1$, which corresponds to a universe dominated by phantom dark energy.

K. Karami; S. Ghaffari; J. Fehri

2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

350

QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATES ON THE HYDROGEN GROUND STATE ENERGY IN NON-RELATIVISTIC QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATES ON THE HYDROGEN GROUND STATE ENERGY IN NON-RELATIVISTIC QED J.-M. BARBAROUX for the hydrogen ground state energy in the Pauli-Fierz model up to the order O(5 log -1), where denotes). As a consequence, we prove that the ground state energy is not a real analytic function of , and verify

351

Technological impact of Non-Conventional Renewable Energy in the Chilean Electricity System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

worldwide, there has been an increase in the support of renewable energy. Latin America has not beenTechnological impact of Non-Conventional Renewable Energy in the Chilean Electricity System Juan D- Renewable energy has had a steady growth in power systems worldwide. The high uncertainty about what type

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Cat贸lica de Chile)

352

Personnel Accountability for Non-COOP Incidents | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket | Department of EnergyStandardizedDepartment

353

Massive stars and the energy balance of the ISM. I. The impact of an isolated 60 Msun star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of numerical simulations carried out with a 2D radiation hydrodynamics code in order to study the impact of massive stars on their surrounding interstellar medium. This first paper deals with the evolution of the circumstellar gas around an isolated 60 Msun star. The interaction of the photoionized HII region with the stellar wind bubble forms a variety of interesting structures like shells, clouds, fingers, and spokes. These results demonstrate that complex structures found in HII regions are not necessarily relics from the time before the gas became ionized but may result from dynamical processes during the course of the HII region evolution. We have also analyzed the transfer and deposit of the stellar wind and radiation energy into the circumstellar medium until the star explodes as a supernova. Although the total mechanical wind energy supplied by the star is negligible compared to the accumulated energy of the Lyman continuum photons, the kinetic energy imparted to the circumstellar gas over the star's lifetime is 4 times higher than for a comparable windless simulation. Furthermore, the thermal energy of warm photoionized gas is lower by some 55%. Our results document the necessity to consider both ionizing radiation and stellar winds for an appropriate description of the interaction of OB stars with their circumstellar environment.

Tim Freyer; Gerhard Hensler; Harold W. Yorke

2003-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

354

Contacts to WTE operators in Austria using the Balance-Method to label the electricity generated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; - Temperature of the feed water; - Energy efficiency of the boiler. A European patent on the Balance

Szmolyan, Peter

355

Experiences on the Implementation of the 'Energy Balance' Methodology as a Data Quality Control Tool: Application to the Building Energy Consumption of a Large University Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the energy costs have been increasing the more energy efficient measures have been promoted in the buildings sector, the reliability of energy consumption data has been attracting significant attention. For example, the reliability...

Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Sakurai, Y.; Masuda, H.; Feinauer, D.; Liu, J.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D. E.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

River Falls Municipal Utilities- Non-Profit Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Wisconsin)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

River Falls Municipal Utility (RFMU) provides matching rebates to non-profit customers who participate and receive rebates through the Focus On Energy program. Incentives are available on a range...

357

SoCalGas- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas) offers non-residential customer rebates to encourage energy efficiency. More information about rebates and equipment requirements can be found at the...

358

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of which: CHP ele generation Residential Nonspecified (OtherOther Services (CHP heat Fuel use) Residential End Use (non-Residential Nonspecified (Other Sector) NEW Office (CHP heat

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Project Specific Non-Availability Waivers | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket |21,-CommitteeItemsHiTek logo

360

Non-Powered Dams Resource Assessment | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISO 50001 -5 Jul 12No

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Using Non-Government Domain Names | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' Research Petroleum ReserveDepartment ofEnergy,PotomacGenerators Power

362

Gemini: A Non-Invasive, Energy-Harvesting True Power Meter Bradford Campbell and Prabal Dutta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gemini: A Non-Invasive, Energy-Harvesting True Power Meter Bradford Campbell and Prabal Dutta,prabal}@umich.edu Abstract--Power meters are critical for submetering loads in residential and commercial settings, but high by proposing non-invasive meters that easily clip onto a wire, or stick onto a circuit breaker, to perform

Dutta, Prabal

363

Bidding strategies for renewable energy generation with non stationary statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of optimizing energy bids for a photovoltaic (PV) power producer taking part into a competitive electricity]. In a market where penalties are applied whenever the delivered power deviates from the schedule, the optimal) and hydro are characterized by remark- able seasonal variations of power generation and exhibit

Giannitrapani, Antonello

364

The initial conditions of isolated star formation. V: ISOPHOT imaging and the temperature and energy balance of pre-stellar cores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO data taken with the long-wavelength imaging photo-polarimeter ISOPHOT are presented of 18 pre-stellar cores at three far-infrared wavelengths - 90, 170 and 200 microns. Most of the cores are detected clearly at 170 and 200 but only one is detected strongly at 90 microns, indicating that mostly they are very cold, with typical temperatures of only 10-20K. Colour temperature images are constructed for each of the cores. Most of the cores are seen to be either isothermal, or to have associated temperature gradients from the core centres to their edges, with all except one being cooler at the centre. We compare the data with previous ISOCAM absorption data and calculate the energy balance for those cores in common between the two samples. We find that the energy radiated by each core in the far-IR is similar to that absorbed at shorter wavelengths. Hence there is no evidence for a central heating source in any of the cores - even those for which previous evidence for core contraction exists. This is all consistent with external heating of the cores by the local interstellar radiation field, confirming their pre-stellar nature.

D. Ward-Thompson; P. Andre; J. M. Kirk

2001-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

365

Non-Profit Rebate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City) JumpOpenJV Jump

366

Veeraiah Non Conventional Power Projects Ltd VNCPPL | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov PtyInformation UCOpen Energy InformationVashon,Vectron

367

Reducing Non-Hardware Costs | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,Institutes and Launches theResidentialRecoveryWaste and Save Energy

368

Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The findings of this study indicate that potential exists in non-building applications to save energy and costs. This potential could save billions of federal dollars, reduce reliance on fossil fuels, increase energy independence and security, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Federal Government has nearly twenty years of experience with achieving similar energy cost reductions, and letting the energy costs savings pay for themselves, by applying energy savings performance contracts (ESPC) inits buildings. Currently, the application of ESPCs is limited by statute to federal buildings. This study indicates that ESPCs can be a compatible and effective contracting tool for achieving savings in non-building applications.

Williams, Charles; Green, Andrew S.; Dahle, Douglas; Barnett, John; Butler, Pat; Kerner, David

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources must be available when the wind is stagnant and solar energyclose to energy sources such as wind and solar power.Wind and solar power are promising renewable energy sources,

Kim, H.-M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Primordial non-Gaussianity and Dark Energy constraints from Cluster Surveys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Galaxy cluster surveys will be a powerful probe of dark energy. At the same time, cluster abundances is sensitive to any non-Gaussianity of the primordial density field. It is therefore possible that non-Gaussian initial conditions might be misinterpreted as a sign of dark energy or at least degrade the expected constraints on dark energy parameters. To address this issue, we perform a likelihood analysis of an ideal cluster survey similar in size and depth to the upcoming South Pole Telescope/Dark Energy Survey (SPT-DES).We analyze a model in which the strength of the non-Gaussianity is parameterized by the constant f{sub NL}; this model has been used extensively to derive Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropy constraints on non-Gaussianity, allowing us to make contact with those works. We find that the constraining power of the cluster survey on dark energy observables is not significantly diminished by non-Gaussianity provided that cluster redshift information is included in the analysis. We also find that even an ideal cluster survey is unlikely to improve significantly current and future CMB constraints on non-Gaussianity. However, when all systematics are under control, it could constitute a valuable cross check to CMB observations.

Sefusatti, Emiliano; Vale, Chris; /Fermilab; Kadota, Kenji; /Fermilab /Minnesota U., Theor. Phys. Inst.; Frieman, Joshua; /Fermilab /KICP, Chicago /Chicago U., Astron.

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Balancing the Energy Budget of Short-Period Giant Planets: Evidence for Reflective Clouds and Optical Absorbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider fifty transiting short-period giant planets for which eclipse depths have been measured at multiple infrared wavelengths. The aggregate dayside emission spectrum of these planets exhibits no molecular features, nor is brightness temperature greater in the near-infrared. We combine brightness temperatures at various infrared wavelengths to estimate the dayside effective temperature of each planet. We find that dayside temperatures are proportional to irradiation temperatures, indicating modest Bond albedo and no internal energy sources, plus weak evidence that dayside temperatures of the hottest planets are disproportionately high. We place joint constraints on Bond albedo, $A_{B}$, and day-to-night transport efficiency, $\\varepsilon$, for six planets by combining thermal eclipse and phase variation measurements (HD 149026b, HD 189733b, HD 209458b, WASP-12b, WASP-18b, and WASP-43b). We confirm that planets with high irradiation temperatures have low heat transport efficiency, and that WASP-43b has ...

Schwartz, Joel C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

2014 ENERGY AND ECONOMIC VALUE OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW), INCLUDING NON-RECYCLED PLASTICS (NRP),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-to-energy (WTE) plants, 0.27 million tons (0.7%) were used as alternative fuel in cement production, and 32 Earth Engineering Center (EEC) Report to the American Chemistry Council (ACC) which was based on U.S. 2008 data and quantified the energy and economic value of municipal solid wastes (MSW) and non

Columbia University

373

Non-Noble Metal Water Electrolysis Catalysts - Energy Innovation Portal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNationalNewportBig Eddy ArcheologicalSolar Thermal Solar

374

Category:Non-governmental Organizations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahanWind FarmAdd aMinutesMap Files Jump

375

Assurances - Non-Construction Programs | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess to OUO Access toEnergy 5 BTOoftheA CaseTechnicalAssurances

376

Fluorinated Arylboron Oxalate for Non-Aqueous Battery Electrolytes - Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds" |beam damage in

377

Integrated Projects - Non-DOE Projects | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy Health andofIan Kalin About32C:\Documents andINTEGRATEDEnergyTechnology

378

Property:NumberOfNonCorporateOrganizations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 JumpNbrInjWellsInformationNumberOfMeasuringStations

379

Non-Platinum Bimetallic Cathode Electrocatalysts | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S iPartnership ProgramDepartment of Energy 1Platinum

380

Non-Rare Earth magnetic materials | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S iPartnership ProgramDepartment of Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) conversion, balances,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#3/6 IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) VST rz13 1/118 3. Energy conversion, balances rz13 2/118 3.1: Energy #12;#3/6 IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) VST rz13 3/118 What is energy? 路 "Energy is any quantity that changes the state of a closed system when crossing the system boundary" (SEHB

Zevenhoven, Ron

382

Session: Non-fatality and habitat impacts on birds from wind energy development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop was consisted of one paper presentation followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The session focused on discussion of non-collision impacts of wind energy projects on birds, primarily impacts to habitat. The presentation included information about the impacts of habitat fragmentation, disturbance, and site avoidance from wind turbines, as well as from roads, transmission facilities, and other related construction at wind project sites. Whether birds habituate to the presence of turbines and the influence of regional factors were also addressed. The paper given by Dale Strickland was titled ''Overview of Non-Collision Related Impacts from Wind Projects''.

Strickland, Dale

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Potentials and policy implications of energy and material efficiency improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1994), "Energy Policies of IEA Countries: 1993 Review," IEA/Energy Policy," IEA/OECD, Paris France. International Energy Agency (1993), "Energy Statistics and Balances of Non-OECD Countriesenergy RD&D priorities with climate change policy goals. Less than 6% of the energy R&D budget of IEA countries

Worrell, Ernst; Levine, Mark; Price, Lynn; Martin, Nathan; van den Broek, Richard; Block, Kornelis

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Balance Calibration A Method for Assigning a Direct-Reading Uncertainty to an Electronic Balance.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paper Title: Balance Calibration A method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to an electronic balance. Intended Audience: Those who calibrate or use electronic balances. Abstract: As a calibration facility, we provide on-site (at the customer抯 location) calibrations of electronic balances for customers within our company. In our experience, most of our customers are not using their balance as a comparator, but simply putting an unknown quantity on the balance and reading the displayed mass value. Manufacturer抯 specifications for balances typically include specifications such as readability, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity temperature drift, but what does this all mean when the balance user simply reads the displayed mass value and accepts the reading as the true value? This paper discusses a method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to a balance based upon the observed calibration data and the environment where the balance is being used. The method requires input from the customer regarding the environment where the balance is used and encourages discussion with the customer regarding sources of uncertainty and possible means for improvement; the calibration process becomes an educational opportunity for the balance user as well as calibration personnel. This paper will cover the uncertainty analysis applied to the calibration weights used for the field calibration of balances; the uncertainty is calculated over the range of environmental conditions typically encountered in the field and the resulting range of air density. The temperature stability in the area of the balance is discussed with the customer and the temperature range over which the balance calibration is valid is decided upon; the decision is based upon the uncertainty needs of the customer and the desired rigor in monitoring by the customer. Once the environmental limitations are decided, the calibration is performed and the measurement data is entered into a custom spreadsheet. The spreadsheet uses measurement results, along with the manufacturer抯 specifications, to assign a direct-read measurement uncertainty to the balance. The fact that the assigned uncertainty is a best-case uncertainty is discussed with the customer; the assigned uncertainty contains no allowance for contributions associated with the unknown weighing sample, such as density, static charges, magnetism, etc. The attendee will learn uncertainty considerations associated with balance calibrations along with one method for assigning an uncertainty to a balance used for non-comparison measurements.

Mike Stears

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Analysis of Generalized Ghost Pilgrim Dark Energy in Non-flat FRW Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work is based on pilgrim dark energy conjecture which states that phantom-like dark energy possesses the enough resistive force to preclude the formation of black hole. The non-flat geometry is considered which contains the interacting generalized ghost pilgrim dark energy with cold dark matter. Some well-known cosmological parameters (evolution parameter ($\\omega_{\\Lambda}$) and squared speed of sound) and planes ($\\omega_{\\Lambda}$-$\\omega_{\\Lambda}'$ and statefinder) are constructed in this scenario. The discussion of these parameters is totally done through pilgrim dark energy parameter ($u$) and interacting parameter ($d^2$). It is interesting to mention here that the analysis of evolution parameter supports the conjecture of pilgrim dark energy. Also, this model remains stable against small perturbation in most of the cases of $u$ and $d^2$. Further, the cosmological planes correspond to $\\Lambda$CDM limit as well as different well-known dark energy models.

Abdul Jawad

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

386

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 88 (2005) 6573 Investigation of pulsed non-melt laser annealing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 88 (2005) 65颅73 Investigation of pulsed non-melt laser annealing on the film properties and performance of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells Xuege Wanga , Sheng S. Lia,?, C time to modify near- surface defects and related junction properties in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells

Anderson, Timothy J.

387

From Dark Energy to Dark Matter via Non-Minimal Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toy cosmological models based on non-minimal coupling between gravity and scalar dilaton-like field are presented in the framework of Palatini formalism. They have the following property: preceding to a given cosmological epoch is a dark energy epoch with an accelerated expansion. The next (future) epoch becomes dominated by some kind of dark matter.

A. Borowiec

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

388

Creep Prediction Using The Non-Linear Strain Energy Equivalence Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Creep Prediction Using The Non-Linear Strain Energy Equivalence Theory Jennifer K. Lynch, Ph Theory, a semi-empirical model, is utilized to predict long- term creep from short-term compressive-axial compression are performed at strain rates of 3 and 0.03 %/minute to predict creep behavior and stress

389

Energy Policy 29 (2001) 10851097 Public goods and private interests: understanding non-residential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policy 29 (2001) 1085颅1097 Public goods and private interests: understanding nonFand frequently pay a premium forFrenewable electricity. Particular attention in this article is paid to the motivations of these organizations in purchasing renewable electricity, and our findings are compared

Fowlie, Meredith

390

Non-normal and stochastic amplification of magnetic energy in the turbulent dynamo: Subcritical case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-normal and stochastic amplification of magnetic energy in the turbulent dynamo: Subcritical stochastic perturbations. We show that even for the subcritical case all eigenvalues are negative-scale magnetic field generation, it fails to predict the subcritical onset of a large-scale magnetic field

Fedotov, Sergei

391

An indoor??outdoor building energy simulator to study urban modification effects on building energy use ?? Model description and validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T. Williamson,燯rban爏urfaceenergybalance爉odels:爉odel爋f爐he爄nternational爑rbanenergy燽alance爉odel燾omparison,燭he營nternational燯rban燛nergy燘alance燤odels Comparison

Yaghoobian, Neda; Kleissl, Jan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Balancing markets Bertrand Cornlusse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inertia of rotating machines, which decelerate. A lack induces a frequency decrease. Some effects. Ancillary services: range of functions which TSOs contract so that they can perform balancing. Market the Notion of coordinated Balancing Area http://www.emissions-euets.com/internal-electricity

Ernst, Damien

393

Energy conditions in $f(T)$ gravity with non-minimal torsion-matter coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present paper examines the validity of energy bounds in a modified theory of gravity involving non-minimal coupling of torsion scalar and perfect fluid matter. In this respect, we formulate the general inequalities of energy conditions by assuming the flat FRW universe. For the application of these bounds, we particularly focus on two specific models that are recently proposed in literature and also choose the power law cosmology. We find the feasible constraints on the involved free parameters and evaluate their possible ranges graphically for the consistency of these energy bounds.

Zubair, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Energy conditions in $f(T)$ gravity with non-minimal torsion-matter coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present paper examines the validity of energy bounds in a modified theory of gravity involving non-minimal coupling of torsion scalar and perfect fluid matter. In this respect, we formulate the general inequalities of energy conditions by assuming the flat FRW universe. For the application of these bounds, we particularly focus on two specific models that are recently proposed in literature and also choose the power law cosmology. We find the feasible constraints on the involved free parameters and evaluate their possible ranges graphically for the consistency of these energy bounds.

M. Zubair; Saira Waheed

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

395

Building America Case Study: Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet), Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment1,Energy ForBryanR BUILDING

396

arXiv:0801.3991v1[cond-mat.soft]25Jan2008 Superdiffusion and non-Gaussian statistics in a driven-dissipative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy is set by a balance of driving forces and dissipation. Random motion is characterized using, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (Dated: January 25, 2008) Abstract Anomalous diffusion and non

Goree, John

397

Entropy balance in holographic superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In systems undergoing second order phase transitions, the temperature integral of the specific heat over temperature from zero to the critical temperature is the same in both the normal and ordered phases. This entropy balance relates the critical temperature to the distribution of degrees of freedom in the normal and ordered states. Quantum criticality and fractionalization can imply an increased number of low energy degrees of freedom in both the normal and ordered states. We explore the role of entropy balance in holographic models of superconductivity, focussing on the interplay between quantum criticality and superconductivity. We consider models with and without a ground state entropy density in the normal phase; the latter models are a new class of holographic superconductors. We explain how a normal phase entropy density manifests itself in the stable superconducting phase.

Sean A. Hartnoll; Razieh Pourhasan

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

398

Specific Energy and Energy Density Analysis of Conventional and NonConventional Flywheels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flywheels are widely used as a means of energy storage throughout different applications such as hybrid electric vehicles, spacecraft, and electrical grids. The research presented here investigates various steel flywheel constructions. The purpose...

Reyna, Ruben

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

399

Non-local Higgs actions: Tree-level electroweak constraints and high-energy unitarity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider electroweak symmetry breaking by a certain class of non-local Higgs sectors. Extending previous studies employing the Mandelstam condition, a straight Wilson line is used to make the Higgs action gauge invariant. We show the unitarization of vector-boson scattering for a wide class of non-local actions, but find that the Wilson-line model leads to tree-level corrections to electroweak precision observables, which restrict the parameter space of the model. We also find that Unhiggs models cannot address the hierarchy problem, once the parameters are expressed in terms of low-energy observables.

M. Beneke; P. Knechtges; A. M點k

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

400

The Price-Independent Trend in Energy Efficiency in Canada and the Potential Influence of Non-Price Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Index (AEEI) measures the rate at which energy per unit of output (E/GDP) changes over time, with energy, suggesting that energy intensity will decline by .7% per year. At this rate, Canada will not achieve its 2010The Price-Independent Trend in Energy Efficiency in Canada and the Potential Influence of Non

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Balancing Act  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This essay is being proposed as part of a book titled: "Motherhood: The Elephant in the Laboratory." It offers professional and personal advice on how to balance working in the research field with a family life.

Fowler, Kimberly M.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Non-empirical nuclear energy functionals, pairing gaps and odd-even mass differences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First, we briefly outline some aspects of the starting project to design non-empirical energy functionals based on low-momentum vacuum interactions and many-body perturbation theory. Second, we present results obtained within an approximation of such a scheme where the pairing part of the energy density functional is constructed at first order in the nuclear plus Coulomb two-body interaction. We discuss in detail the physics of the odd-even mass staggering and the necessity to compute actual odd-even mass differences to analyze it meaningfully.

T. Duguet; T. Lesinski

2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

403

Current non-conservation effects in ultra-high energy neutrino interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The overall hardness scale of the ultra-high energy neutrino-nucleon interactions is usually estimated as $Q^2\\sim m_W^2$. The effect of non-conservation of weak currents pushes this scale up to the top quark mass squared and changes dynamics of the scattering process. The Double Leading Log Approximation provides simple and numerically accurate formula for the top-bottom contribution to the total cross section $\\sigma^{\

R. Fiore; V. R. Zoller

2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

404

SOLCOST - Version 3. 0. Solar energy design program for non-thermal specialists  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SOLCOST solar energy design program is a public domain computerized design tool intended for use by non-thermal specialists to size solar systems with a methodology based on life cycle cost. An overview of SOLCOST capabilities and options is presented. A detailed guide to the SOLCOST input parameters is included. Sample problems showing typical imput decks and resulting SOLCOST output sheets are given. Details of different parts of the analysis are appended. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Agency for Non conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANERT | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil JumpAerowatt Energies JumpAgPro Jump to:Inversiones

406

AIJ in the Non-Energy Sector in India: Opportunities and Concerns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) has been signed and ratified by 168 countries, global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have increased substantially since the 1992 Rio Summit. In both developing countries (DCs) and industrialized countries (ICs), there has been a need to find mechanisms to facilitate environmentally sound mitigation strategies. This need led to the formation of Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) at the first Conference-of the Parties (COP) in 1995. In Article 4A, para 2D, the COP established an AIJ pilot phase in which Annex I (IC) countries would enter into agreements to implement activities jointly with non-Annex I parties. DCs would engage in AIJ on a purely voluntary basis and all AIJ projects should be compatible with and supportive of national environment and development goals. AIJ does not imply GHG reduction commitments by DCs. Neither do all projects undertaken during the pilot phase qualify as a fulfillment of current commitment s of Annex I parties under the COP. The current pilot phase for AIJ ends in the year 2000, a date which may be extended. Current AIJ activities are largely focused on the energy sector. The Nordic countries, for example, feel that the most important potential areas for cooperation in AIJ are fuel conversion, more effective energy production, increased energy efficiency, and reforms in energy-intensive industry (Nordic Council of Ministers, 1995). Denmark does not want to include non-energy sector projects such as carbon sink enhancement projects in the pilot phase (Nordic Council of Ministers, 1995). However, other countries, including the US, have already funded a number of forestry sector projects (Development Alternatives, 1997). Moreover, energy-sector projects involving high technology or capital-intensive technology are often a source of controversy between DCs and ICs regarding the kind of technology transferred and sharing of costs and benefits. Further, the pilot phase provide s an opportunity for capacity-building and learning about methods of planning, implementation, and monitoring of GHG abatement in land-based non-energy sector projects.

Ravindranath, N.H.; Meili, A.; Anita, R.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Non-Abelian Bremsstrahlung and Azimuthal Asymmetries in High Energy p+A Reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply the GLV reaction operator solution to the Vitev-Gunion-Bertsch (VGB) boundary conditions to compute the all-order in nuclear opacity non-abelian gluon bremsstrahlung of event-by-event fluctuating beam jets in nuclear collisions. We evaluate analytically azimuthal Fourier moments of single gluon, $v_n^M\\{1\\}$, and even number $2\\ell$ gluon, $v_n^M\\{2\\ell\\}$ inclusive distributions in high energy p+A reactions as a function of harmonic $n$, %independent target recoil cluster number, $M$, and gluon number, $2\\ell$, at RHIC and LHC. Multiple resolved clusters of recoiling target beam jets together with the projectile beam jet form Color Scintillation Antenna (CSA) arrays that lead to characteristic boost non-invariant trapezoidal rapidity distributions in asymmetric $B+A$ nuclear collisions. The scaling of intrinsically azimuthally anisotropic and long range in $\\eta$ nature of the non-abelian \\br leads to $v_n$ moments that are similar to results from hydrodynamic models, but due entirely to non-abelian wave interference phenomena sourced by the fluctuating CSA. Our analytic non-flow solutions are similar to recent numerical saturation model predictions but differ by predicting a simple power-law hierarchy of both even and odd $v_n$ without invoking $k_T$ factorization. A test of CSA mechanism is the predicted nearly linear $\\eta$ rapidity dependence of the $v_n(k_T,\\eta)$. Non-abelian beam jet \\br may thus provide a simple analytic solution to Beam Energy Scan (BES) puzzle of the near $\\sqrt{s}$ independence of $v_n(p_T)$ moments observed down to 10 AGeV where large $x$ valence quark beam jets dominate inelastic dynamics. Recoil \\br from multiple independent CSA clusters could also provide a partial explanation for the unexpected similarity of $v_n$ in $p(D)+A$ and non-central $A+A$ at same $dN/d\\eta$ multiplicity as observed at RHIC and LHC.

M. Gyulassy; P. Levai; I. Vitev; T. Biro

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

408

Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1981-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed. 5 figs.

Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1983-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

410

Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

Abraham, Bernard M. (Oak Park, IL); Miyano, Kenjiro (Downers Grove, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

EA-1338: Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership, Grand Junction, Colorado  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposed transfer of real and personal property at the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Office to non-DOE ownership.

412

Three Non-Technical Challenges in the Development of Biomass-based Energy (2010 JGI User Meeting)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Steve Savage from Cirrus Partners on "Three Non-Technical Challenges in the Development of Biomass-based Energy" on March 25, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting

Savage, Steve

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

413

Cosmological constraints on a dark energy model with a non-linear scalar field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present work we study a dark energy model in which a non-linear scalar field (tachyon) with a Born-Infeld type of action is responsible for the observed cosmic acceleration. The potential of the tachyon is well-motivated since it comes from open string theory and the model is subjected to various cosmological constraints with data coming from supernovae as well as from microwave background radiation. Our analysis shows that in the particular model under study the tachyon can be an excellent candidate for dark energy in the universe, as the model agrees with a series of observational data and for a wide range of the parameters of the model.

G. Panotopoulos

2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

414

Non-Perturbative Renormalization for Staggered Fermions (Self-energy Analysis)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present preliminary results of data analysis for the non-perturbative renormalization (NPR) on the self-energy of the quark propagators calculated using HYP improved staggered fermions on the MILC asqtad lattices. We use the momentum source to generate the quark propagators. In principle, using the vector projection operator of $(\\bar{\\bar{\\gamma_\\mu \\otimes 1}})$ and the scalar projection operator $(\\bar{\\bar{1 \\otimes 1}})$, we should be able to obtain the wave function renormalization factor $Z_q'$ and the mass renormalization factor $Z_q \\cdot Z_m$. Using the MILC coarse lattice, we obtain a preliminary but reasonable estimate of $Z_q'$ and $Z_q \\cdot Z_m$ from the data analysis on the self-energy.

Jangho Kim; Boram Yoon; Weonjong Lee

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

415

Hamiltonian, Energy and Entropy in General Relativity with Non-Orthogonal Boundaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A general recipe to define, via Noether theorem, the Hamiltonian in any natural field theory is suggested. It is based on a Regge-Teitelboim-like approach applied to the variation of Noether conserved quantities. The Hamiltonian for General Relativity in presence of non-orthogonal boundaries is analysed and the energy is defined as the on-shell value of the Hamiltonian. The role played by boundary conditions in the formalism is outlined and the quasilocal internal energy is defined by imposing metric Dirichlet boundary conditions. A (conditioned) agreement with previous definitions is proved. A correspondence with Brown-York original formulation of the first principle of black hole thermodynamics is finally established.

M. Francaviglia; M. Raiteri

2001-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

416

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-08GO28308 Benchmarking Non-Hardware Balance-of-System (Soft) Costs for U.S. Photovoltaic Systems, Using-of-System (Soft) Costs for U.S. Photovoltaic Systems, Using a Bottom-Up Approach and Installer Survey 颅 Second & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost

417

Non-Hermitian systems of Euclidean Lie algebraic type with real energy spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study several classes of non-Hermitian Hamiltonian systems, which can be expressed in terms of bilinear combinations of Euclidean朙ie algebraic generators. The classes are distinguished by different versions of antilinear (PT)-symmetries exhibiting various types of qualitative behaviour. On the basis of explicitly computed non-perturbative Dyson maps we construct metric operators, isospectral Hermitian counterparts for which we solve the corresponding time-independent Schr鰀inger equation for specific choices of the coupling constants. In these cases general analytical expressions for the solutions are obtained in the form of Mathieu functions, which we analyze numerically to obtain the corresponding energy spectra. We identify regions in the parameter space for which the corresponding spectra are entirely real and also domains where the PT symmetry is spontaneously broken and sometimes also regained at exceptional points. In some cases it is shown explicitly how the threshold region from real to complex spectra is characterized by the breakdown of the Dyson maps or the metric operator. We establish the explicit relationship to models currently under investigation in the context of beam dynamics in optical lattices. -- Highlights: 旸ifferent PT-symmetries lead to qualitatively different systems. 旵onstruction of non-perturbative Dyson maps and isospectral Hermitian counterparts. 昇umerical discussion of the eigenvalue spectra for one of the E(2)-systems. 旹stablished link to systems studied in the context of optical lattices. 昐etup for the E(3)-algebra is provided.

Dey, Sanjib, E-mail: sanjib.dey.1@city.ac.uk; Fring, Andreas, E-mail: a.fring@city.ac.uk; Mathanaranjan, Thilagarajah, E-mail: thilagarajah.mathanaranjan.1@city.ac.uk

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Nuclear and Non-Ionizing Energy-loss of Electrons with Low and Relativistic Energies in Materials and Space Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The treatment of the electron-nucleus interaction based on the Mott differential cross section was extended to account for effects due to screened Coulomb potentials, finite sizes and finite rest masses of nuclei for electrons above 200 keV and up to ultra high energies. This treatment allows one to determine both the total and differential cross sections, thus, subsequently to calculate the resulting nuclear and non-ionizing stopping powers. Above a few hundreds of MeV, neglecting the effect due to finite rest masses of recoil nuclei the stopping power and NIEL result to be largely underestimated; while, above a few tens of MeV the finite size of the nuclear target prevents a further large increase of stopping powers which approach almost constant values.

Boschini, M J; Gervasi, M; Giani, S; Grandi, D; Ivanchenko, V; Nieminem, P; Pensotti, S; Rancoita, P G; Tacconi, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Nuclear and Non-Ionizing Energy-loss of Electrons with Low and Relativistic Energies in Materials and Space Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The treatment of the electron-nucleus interaction based on the Mott differential cross section was extended to account for effects due to screened Coulomb potentials, finite sizes and finite rest masses of nuclei for electrons above 200 keV and up to ultra high energies. This treatment allows one to determine both the total and differential cross sections, thus, subsequently to calculate the resulting nuclear and non-ionizing stopping powers. Above a few hundreds of MeV, neglecting the effect due to finite rest masses of recoil nuclei the stopping power and NIEL result to be largely underestimated; while, above a few tens of MeV the finite size of the nuclear target prevents a further large increase of stopping powers which approach almost constant values.

M. J. Boschini; C. Consolandi; M. Gervasi; S. Giani; D. Grandi; V. Ivanchenko; P. Nieminem; S. Pensotti; P. G. Rancoita; M. Tacconi

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

420

An institutional frame to compare alternative market designs in EU electricity balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The so-called "electricity wholesale market" is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for "balancing," in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of ...

Glachant, Jean-Michel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Development of Balancing Markets in the West Status Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) on Integration of Variable Energy Resources 颅 new context for balancing market to reduce the impact on the BA? 路 Curtail wind output/deliveries 路 Shorter scheduling intervals (reduce the uncertainty) 路 Better wind forecasting to reduce errors 路 Dynamic transfers (moves the balancing obligation

422

Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16 Aug 05 Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1 and L. M. Andreassen2 1 Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) P. O. Box 5091 Majorstua, N-0301 Oslo, Norway in Norway exists in their profiles of both seasonal balances, winter bw(z) and summer bs(z). Unlike many

Rasmussen, L.A.

423

Nuclear and Non-Ionizing Energy-Loss for Coulomb Scattered Particles from Low Energy up to Relativistic Regime in Space Radiation Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the space environment, instruments onboard of spacecrafts can be affected by displacement damage due to radiation. The differential scattering cross section for screened nucleus--nucleus interactions - i.e., including the effects due to screened Coulomb nuclear fields -, nuclear stopping powers and non-ionization energy losses are treated from about 50\\,keV/nucleon up to relativistic energies.

Boschini, M J; Gervasi, M; Giani, S; Grandi, D; Ivantchenko, V; Pensotti, S; Rancoita, P G; Tacconi, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

On the global economic potentials and marginal costs of non-renewable resources and the price dynamics of energy commodities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model is presented in this work for simulating endogenously the evolution of the marginal costs of production of energy carriers from non-renewable resources, their consumption, depletion pathways and timescales. Such marginal costs can be used to simulate the long term average price formation of energy commodities. Drawing on previous work where a global database of energy resource economic potentials was constructed, this work uses cost distributions of non-renewable resources in order to evaluate global flows of energy commodities. A mathematical framework is given to calculate endogenous flows of energy resources given an exogenous commodity price path. This framework can be used in reverse in order to calculate an exogenous marginal cost of production of energy carriers given an exogenous carrier demand. Using rigid price inelastic assumptions independent of the economy, these two approaches generate limiting scenarios that depict extreme use of natural resources. This is useful to characterise the cur...

Mercure, Jean-Francois

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Zero energy correction method for non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator with simultaneous transformation of co-ordinate and momentum and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose zero energy correction method for non-Hermiition Harmonic oscillator under simultaneous transformation of co-ordinate $(x \\rightarrow \\frac{(x+ i\\lambda p)}{\\sqrt{(1+\\beta \\lambda)}}$ and momentum $(p \\rightarrow \\frac{(p+ i\\beta x)}{\\sqrt{(1+\\beta \\lambda)}}$ for getting energy eigenvalue in place of extending the idea of gaugelike transformation proposed earlier in momentum transformation $(p \\rightarrow p+i\\beta x)$ by Z.Ahmed [Phys.Lett A 294,287 (2002)]. Further energy of non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator remains the same as that of Harmonic oscillator. PACS: 03. 65 Db Key words.Non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator, Perturbation theory,Energy level.

Biswanath Rath; P. Mallick

2015-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

426

QuarterlyCouncilNorthwest Power and Conservation Council > Spring 2013 STRIKING A BALANCE BETWEEN ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE COLUMBIA RIVER BASIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and federal agency, and energy groups together to discuss the challenges surrounding this key planning issue on recommendations from state and federal fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes in the Northwest,but anyone of natural gas-fired generation, as well as an emphasis on energy efficiency and development of renewable

427

Challenges and opportunities in accounting for non-energy use CO2 emissions: an editorial comment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industry associations, energy and trade data from nationalof detailed energy, production, and trade data necessary for

Masanet, Eric; Sathaye, Jayant

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A unifying framework for watershed thermodynamics: balance equations for mass,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A unifying framework for watershed thermodynamics: balance equations for mass, momentum, energy Hassanizadehb a Centre for Water Research, Department of Environmental Engineering, The University of Western Australia, 6907 Nedlands, Australia b Department of Water Management, Environmental and Sanitary Engineering

Hassanizadeh, S. Majid

429

Non-thermal high-energy emission from colliding winds of massive stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colliding winds of massive star binary systems are considered as potential sites of non-thermal high-energy photon production. This is motivated merely by the detection of synchrotron radio emission from the expected colliding wind location. Here we investigate the properties of high-energy photon production in colliding winds of long-period WR+OB-systems. We found that in the dominating leptonic radiation process anisotropy and Klein-Nishina effects may yield spectral and variability signatures in the gamma-ray domain at or above the sensitivity of current or upcoming gamma-ray telescopes. Analytical formulae for the steady-state particle spectra are derived assuming diffusive particle acceleration out of a pool of thermal wind particles, and taking into account adiabatic and all relevant radiative losses. For the first time we include their advection/convection in the wind collision zone, and distinguish two regions within this extended region: the acceleration region where spatial diffusion is superior to convective/advective motion, and the convection region defined by the convection time shorter than the diffusion time scale. The calculation of the Inverse Compton radiation uses the full Klein-Nishina cross section, and takes into account the anisotropic nature of the scattering process. This leads to orbital flux variations by up to several orders of magnitude which may, however, be blurred by the geometry of the system. The calculations are applied to the typical WR+OB-systems WR 140 and WR 147 to yield predictions of their expected spectral and temporal characteristica and to evaluate chances to detect high-energy emission with the current and upcoming gamma-ray experiments. (abridged)

A. Reimer; M. Pohl; O. Reimer

2005-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

430

Final Report Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in ventilation rate standards for Big Box stores in California: predicted indoor air quality and energy consumption using a matrix of ventilation scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

irritant effects. For energy models, we estimated buildingreduced outdoor air VRs. The energy models estimate that, inof commercial building energy models. The study assessed the

Apte, Michael G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

J. Phyr. A Math. Gen. 24 (1991)3611.3623. Printed in the UK Non-analytic behaviour of the free energy of fermions coupled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to yield non-analytic terms in the free energy ofthe form A" In A where A is a parameter proponional to the size of the soliton. A representation of the free energy that is suitable for a small &expansion is derived for general soliton profiles. The non-analytic expansion of the free energy about A = 0 is found

Waxman, David

432

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

Wheat, S.R.

1997-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

434

Protocol for the modeling the epidemiologic transition study: a longitudinal observational study of energy balance and change in body weight, diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

empirical data to support the assertion that low levels of energy expenditure in activity is a causal factor in the current obesity epidemic are very limited. Methods/Design The Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS) is a cohort study designed...

Luke, Amy; Bovet, Pascal; Forrester, Terrence E; Lambert, Estelle V; Plange-Rhule, Jacob; Schoeller, Dale A; Dugas, Lara R; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon A; Shoham, David; Cooper, Richard S; Brage, Soren; Ekelund, Ulf; Steyn, Nelia

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

435

Self-Adaptive Management of The Sleep Depths of Idle Nodes in Large Scale Systems to Balance Between Energy Consumption and Response Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Between Energy Consumption and Response Times Yongpeng Liu(1) , Hong Zhu(2) , Kai Lu(1) , Xiaoping Wang(1.659 MW, which equals the power usage of a middle scale city. In 2006, US servers and data centers U.S. electricity consumption or the output of about 15 typical power plants [2]. In 2007

Zhu, Hong

436

Wide-Area Energy Storage and Management system to Balance Intermittent Resources in the Bonneville Power Administration and California ISO Control Areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The entire project addresses the issue of mitigating additional intermittency and fast ramps that occur at higher penetration of intermittent resources, including wind genera-tion, in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the California Independent Sys-tem Operator (California ISO) control areas. The proposed Wide Area Energy Storage and Management System (WAEMS) will address the additional regulation requirement through the energy exchange between the participating control areas and through the use of energy storage and other generation resources. For the BPA and California ISO control centers, the new regulation service will look no different comparing with the traditional regulation resources. The proposed project will benefit the regulation service in these service areas, regardless of the actual degree of penetration of the intermittent resources in the regions. The project develops principles, algorithms, market integration rules, functional de-sign and technical specifications for the WAEMS system. The project is sponsored by BPA and supported in kind by California ISO, Beacon Power Corporation, and the Cali-fornia Energy Commission (CEC).

Makarov, Yuri V.; Yang, Bo; DeSteese, John G.; Lu, Shuai; Miller, Carl H.; Nyeng, Preben; Ma, Jian; Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Vishwanathan, Vilanyur V.

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

437

An investigation of methods for reducing the use of non-renewable energy resources for housing in Thailand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the consumption of non-renewable energy. In residential buildings, solar energy has been utilized for space heating and domestic hot water using active solar collector systems and for generating electricity using photovoltaic (PV) systems. One photovoltaic... system, the hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system, has been developed by several researchers over the last 20 years. The hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system is a combination photovoltaic (for producing electricity...

Rasisuttha, Sakkara

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

438

Russia - Nato. The military balance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This project aims to explain how the military balancing of Russia against NATO can be explained from a neoclassical realist framework. The project consists in (more)

Skarequist, Anne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Greening Geographical Load Balancing Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

balanc- ing" has been suggested to reduce energy cost by exploiting the electricity price differences that if electricity is dynamically priced in proportion to the instantaneous fraction of the total energy, the ben- efits depend strongly on the degree to which systems accept dynamic energy pricing and the form

Andrew, Lachlan

440

Massive stars and the energy balance of the interstellar medium. II. The 35 solar mass star and a solution to the "missing wind problem"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We continue our numerical analysis of the morphological and energetic influence of massive stars on their ambient interstellar medium for a 35 solar mass star that evolves from the main sequence through red supergiant and Wolf-Rayet phases, until it ultimately explodes as a supernova. We find that structure formation in the circumstellar gas during the early main-sequence evolution occurs as in the 60 solar mass case but is much less pronounced because of the lower mechanical wind luminosity of the star. Since on the other hand the shell-like structure of the HII region is largely preserved, effects that rely on this symmetry become more important. At the end of the stellar lifetime 1% of the energy released as Lyman continuum radiation and stellar wind has been transferred to the circumstellar gas. From this fraction 10% is kinetic energy of bulk motion, 36% is thermal energy, and the remaining 54% is ionization energy of hydrogen. The sweeping up of the slow red supergiant wind by the fast Wolf-Rayet wind produces remarkable morphological structures and emission signatures, which are compared with existing observations of the Wolf-Rayet bubble S308. Our model reproduces the correct order of magnitude of observed X-ray luminosity, the temperature of the emitting plasma as well as the limb brightening of the intensity profile. This is remarkable, because current analytical and numerical models of Wolf-Rayet bubbles fail to consistently explain these features. A key result is that almost the entire X-ray emission in this stage comes from the shell of red supergiant wind swept up by the shocked Wolf-Rayet wind rather than from the shocked Wolf-Rayet wind itself as hitherto assumed and modeled. This offers a possible solution to what is called the ``missing wind problem'' of Wolf-Rayet bubbles.

Tim Freyer; Gerhard Hensler; Harold W. Yorke

2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Thermodynamics of baryonic matter with strangeness within non-relativistic energy density functional model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the thermodynamical properties of compressed baryonic matter with strangeness within non-relativistic energy density functional models with a particular emphasis on possible phase transitions found earlier for a simple $n,p,e,\\Lambda$-mixture. The aim of the paper is twofold: I) examining the phase structure of the complete system, including the full baryonic octet and II) testing the sensitivity of the results to the model parameters. We find that, associated to the onset of the different hyperonic families, up to three separate strangeness-driven phase transitions may occur. Consequently, a large fraction of the baryonic density domain is covered by phase coexistence with potential relevance for (proto)-neutron star evolution. It is shown that the presence of a phase transition is compatible both with the observational constraint on the maximal neutron star mass, and with the present experimental information on hypernuclei. In particular we show that two solar mass neutron stars are compatible with important hyperon content. Still, the parameter space is too large to give a definitive conclusion of the possible occurrence of a strangeness driven phase transition, and further constraints from multiple-hyperon nuclei and/or hyperon diffusion data are needed.

Ad. R. Raduta; F. Gulminelli; M. Oertel

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

Generation of exactly solvable non-Hermitian potentials with real energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A series of exactly solvable non-trivial complex potentials (possessing real spectra) are generated by applying the Darboux transformation to the excited eigenstates of a non-Hermitian potential V(x). This method yields an infinite number of non-trivial partner potentials, defined over the whole real line, whose spectra are nearly exactly identical to the original potential.

Anjana Sinha; Pinaki Roy

2003-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

443

Abstract --The growth of non-conventional renewable energies involves a new challenge for optimal network expansion. A better  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and implementation of policies to develop Non-Conventional Renewable Energies (NCRE), they can be seen as a mechanism for the harmonious development of the expansion network. From the economic viewpoint, NCREs usually are considered development or equipment repowering within a coordinated network expansion investment plan, both in AC

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Cat贸lica de Chile)

444

ENI Renewable and Non-conventional Energy Prize 2012 High-efficiency solar cells based on nanophotonic design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

new solar cell designs that enable both a higher photovoltaic conversion efficiency and reduced) Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics, A. Polman and H.A. Atwater, Nature MaterENI Renewable and Non-conventional Energy Prize 2012 High-efficiency solar cells based

Polman, Albert

445

Balancing of Wind Power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In the future, renewable energy share, especially wind power share, in electricity generation is expected to increase. Due to nature of the wind, wind (more)

躭ker, Muhammed Akif

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Department of Energy's Isotope Development and Production for Research and Applications Program's Fiscal Year 2009 Balance Sheet Audit, OAS-FS-12-08  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models | Department1AL2009DWMBPRewrite2GenaCleared.docDepartment of Energy's

447

Department of Energy's Isotope Development and Production for Research and Applications Program's Fiscal Year 2010 Balance Sheet Audit, OAS-FS-13-11  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealing WithDevelopmentReport and7Department ofManagement Letter

448

BIM Game : a "serious game" to educate non-experts about energy related design and living  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change is one defining issue of our time. With the increasingly sophisticated uses of energy, we have to face the problem as energy shortage and global warming. Since almost one-fourth of US energy is consumed by ...

Yang, Lin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Challenges and opportunities in accounting for non-energy use CO2 emissions: an editorial comment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

via combustion during incineration or energy recoveryare ultimately combusted via incineration or energy recoveryreleased via uncontrolled incineration and is therefore not

Masanet, Eric; Sathaye, Jayant

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Studies on energy efficiency in Non conventional dyeing Technologies for textiles;.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Energy Efficiency and conservation in textile sector is becoming newlineessential in view of the expected shortages in energy supply and textile sector newlinebeing one of (more)

Balachandran S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution and controls. The effects of imbalance include tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity and inefficient building operation. This paper explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The research was conducted by The Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) in conjunction with Elevate Energy. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61 degrees F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1 degrees F to 15.5 degrees F.

Ruch, R.; Ludwig, P.; Maurer, T.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Hydrodynamics of charge fluctuations and balance functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply stochastic hydrodynamics to the study of charge density fluctuations in QCD matter undergoing Bjorken expansion. We find that the charge density correlations are given by a time integral over the history of the system, with the dominant contribution coming from the QCD crossover region where the change of susceptibility per entropy, chi T/s, is most significant. We study the rapidity and azimuthal angle dependence of the resulting charge balance function using a simple analytic model of heavy-ion collision evolution. Our results are in agreement with experimental measurements, indicating that hydrodynamic fluctuations contribute significantly to the measured charge correlations in high energy heavy-ion collisions. The sensitivity of the balance function to the value of the charge diffusion coefficient D allows us to estimate the typical value of this coefficient in the crossover region to be rather small, of the order of 1/(2pi T), characteristic of a strongly coupled plasma.

B. Ling; T. Springer; M. Stephanov

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

453

Minimization of the Energy of the Non-Relativistic One-Electron Pauli-Fierz Model over Quasifree States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article is proved the existence and uniqueness of a minimizer of the energy for the non-relativistic one electron Pauli-Fierz model, within the class of pure quasifree states. The minimum of the energy on pure quasifree states coincides with the minimum of the energy on quasifree states. Infrared and ultraviolet cutoffs are assumed, along with sufficiently small coupling constant and momentum of the dressed electron. A perturbative expression of the minimum of the energy on quasifree states for a small momentum of the dressed electron and small coupling constant is then given. We also express the Lagrange equation for the minimizer, in terms of the generalized one particle density matrix of the pure quasifree state.

Volker Bach; S閎astien Breteaux; Timmy Tzaneteas

2013-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

454

Beyond Beginning Balances Presentation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNational NuclearhasAdministration77 SandiaGuidance to the RevisedLinks( 98.

455

Energy 2050: Bio-inspired Renewable Non-Fossil Liquid Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an intelligent Energy Transparency model and a bio-inspired hypothetical mechanical mitochondria to optimize energy efficiency. iET seeks learning algorithms to build intelligence in order to pursue carbon-based ...

Datta, Shoumen

456

National Grid (Electric)- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Program (Upstate New York)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

National Grid抯 Non-Residential Program is for electric business customers in upstate New York. Incentives are available for both small commercial and large commercial customers in the Upstate New...

457

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORK FOR OTHERS AGREEMENT WITH NON...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

respect to any Subject Invention in which the Sponsor obtains title, the Sponsor hereby grants to the Government a non-exclusive, nontransferable, irrevocable, paid-up license to...

458

An Assessment of Energy Potential at Non-Powered Dams in the United States  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South42.2 (April 2012) 1 Documentation andEnergy| Department1 Amped| Department

459

MATERIAL BALANCE REPORT  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of Energy Low-Temperature Combustion DemonstratorEastLynnF 742 (08-98)

460

ARM - Carbon Cycle Balance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformationbudapest Comments? We would love to heartotdngovInstrumentswrf-chem Comments?Campaign

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Balanced Scorecard Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

In government, and for DOE's major contractors, this perspective captures cost efficiency, delivering maximum value to the customer for each dollar spent. Internal...

462

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lifecycle Energy Balance  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageEmerging Fuels Printable Version ShareKentuckywith

463

Small-energy series for one-dimensional quantum-mechanical models with non-symmetric potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generalize a recently proposed small-energy expansion for one-dimensional quantum-mechanical models. The original approach was devised to treat symmetric potentials and here we show how to extend it to non-symmetric ones. Present approach is based on matching the logarithmic derivatives for the left and right solutions to the Schr\\"odinger equation at the origin (or any other point chosen conveniently) . As in the original method, each logarithmic derivative can be expanded in a small-energy series by straightforward perturbation theory. We test the new approach on four simple models, one of which is not exactly solvable. The perturbation expansion converges in all the illustrative examples so that one obtains the ground-state energy with an accuracy determined by the number of available perturbation corrections.

Paolo Amore; Francisco M. Fern醤dez

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

464

Non-Uniform Entropy Compression for Uniform Energy Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Xiaoming Lu, Matt Spear, S. Felix Wu and Karl Levitt Department of Computer Science UC Davis, Davis, CANon-Uniform Entropy Compression for Uniform Energy Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks to increase the network's lifetime and to normalize the energy use per unit time, but they each have

California at Davis, University of

465

ENERGY CENTER OF WISCONSIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY CENTER OF WISCONSIN Report Summary 210-1 Life-Cycle Energy Costs and Greenhouse Gas report energy center Net energy balance and greenhouse gas emissions from renewable energy storage systems June 2003 223-1 #12;ECW Report Number 223-1 Net energy balance and greenhouse gas emissions from

466

Guidelines for preparing criticality safety evaluations at Department of Energy non-reactor nuclear facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains guidelines that should be followed when preparing Criticality Safety Evaluations that will be used to demonstrate the safety of operations performed at DOE non-reactor nuclear facilities. Adherence to these guidelines will provide consistency and uniformity in criticality safety evaluations (CSEs) across the complex and will document compliance with the requirements of DOE Order 5480.24.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

The Non-Petroleum Based Fuel Initiative - NPBF | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage 禄of EnergyThe Energy Department Feeds11,Industrial Sector,TRegulatoryThe

468

Quantitative estimates on the Hydrogen ground state energy in non-relativistic QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we determine the exact expression for the hydrogen binding energy in the Pauli-Fierz model up to the order $O(\\alpha^5\\log\\alpha^{-1})$, where $\\alpha$ denotes the finestructure constant, and prove rigorous bounds on the remainder term of the order $o(\\alpha^5\\log\\alpha^{-1})$. As a consequence, we prove that the binding energy is not a real analytic function of $\\alpha$, and verify the existence of logarithmic corrections to the expansion of the ground state energy in powers of $\\alpha$, as conjectured in the recent literature.

Jean-Marie Barbaroux; Thomas Chen; Semjon Vugalter; Vitali Vougalter

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

469

U.S. Department of Energy Supervisory/Non-supervisory Employee Performance Management  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012 Greenbuy325, 2014 Office ofMay October 2014-2018 U.S.

470

U.S. Department of Energy Supervisory/Non-supervisory Employee Performance Management  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage 禄of EnergyTheTwo New Energy AmericanOffice ofThe-2018 DOE

471

Note on helicity balance of the Galerkin method for the 3D NavierStokes equations Maxim Olshanskii a,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 27 July 2009 Received in revised form 17 scheme. However, in contrast to the energy balance, the helicity balance does not hold in the usual wayNote on helicity balance of the Galerkin method for the 3D Navier颅Stokes equations Maxim Olshanskii

Olshanskii, Maxim A.

472

Guidelines for Preparing Criticality Safety Evaluations at Department of Energy Non-Reactor Nuclear Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This standard provides a framework for generating Criticality Safety Evaluations (CSE) supporting fissionable material operations at Department of Energy (DOE) nonreactor nuclear facilities. This standard imposes no new criticality safety analysis requirements.

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

473

Non-invasive energy meter for fixed and variable flow systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An energy metering method and apparatus for liquid flow systems comprising first and second segments of one or more conduits through which a liquid flows, comprising: attaching a first temperature sensor for connection to an outside of the first conduit segment; attaching a second temperature sensor for connection to an outside of the second conduit segment; via a programmable control unit, receiving data from the sensors and calculating energy data therefrom; and communicating energy data from the meter; whereby the method and apparatus operate without need to temporarily disconnect or alter the first or second conduit segments. The invention operates with both variable and fixed flow systems, and is especially useful for both active and passive solar energy systems.

Menicucci, David F.; Black, Billy D.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Cosmological implications of interacting polytropic gas dark energy model in non-flat universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The polytropic gas model is investigated as an interacting dark energy scenario. The cosmological implications of the model including the evolution of EoS parameter $w_{\\Lambda}$, energy density $\\Omega_{\\Lambda}$ and deceleration parameter $q$ are investigated. We show that, depending on the parameter of model, the interacting polytropic gas can behave as a quintessence or phantom dark energy. In this model, the phantom divide is crossed from below to up. The evolution of $q$ in the context of polytropic gas dark energy model represents the decelerated phase at the early time and accelerated phase later. The singularity of this model is also discussed. Eventually, we establish the correspondence between interacting polytropic gas model with tachyon, K-essence and dilaton scalar fields. The potential and the dynamics of these scalar field models are reconstructed according to the evolution of interacting polytropic gas.

M. Malekjani; A. Khodam-Mohammadi; M. Taji

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

475

Challenges and opportunities in accounting for non-energy use CO2 emissions: an editorial comment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbon dioxide (NEU-CO2) emissions, represent a signi?cantSimply described, NEU-CO2 emissions are generated via twoData permitting, NEU-CO2 emissions arising from energy

Masanet, Eric; Sathaye, Jayant

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Energy and contact of one-dimensional fermions in a harmonic trap via non-uniform lattice Monte Carlo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the ground-state energy and Tan's contact of attractively interacting few-fermion systems in a one-dimensional harmonic trap, for a range of couplings and particle numbers. To this end, we implement a new lattice Monte Carlo approach based on a non-uniform discretization of space, defined via Gauss-Hermite quadrature points and weights. This particular coordinate basis is natural for systems in harmonic traps, and it yields a position-dependent coupling and a corresponding non-uniform Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation. The resulting path integral is performed with hybrid Monte Carlo as a proof of principle for calculations at finite temperature and in higher dimensions.

C. E. Berger; E. R. Anderson; J. E. Drut

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

477

New Licensing Agreement Opens Energy Patents to NGOs, Non-Profits |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles 禄Exchange VisitorsforDepartment of EnergyFreezers to

478

Current balancing for battery strings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

Galloway, James H. (New Baltimore, MI)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Strict convexity of the free energy for non-convex gradient models at moderate $?$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a gradient interface model on the lattice with interaction potential which is a non-convex perturbation of a convex potential. We show using a one-step multiple scale analysis the strict convexity of the surface tension at high temperature. This is an extension of Funaki and Spohn's result, where the strict convexity of potential was crucial in their proof that for every tilt there is a unique, shift invariant, ergodic Gibbs measure for the $\

Codina Cotar; Jean-Dominique Deuschel; Stefan M黮ler

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

480

A computer simulation appraisal of non-residential low energy cooling systems in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An appraisal of the potential performance of different Low Energy Cooling (LEC) systems in nonresidential buildings in California is being conducted using computer simulation. The paper presents results from the first phase of the study, which addressed the systems that can be modeled, with the DOE-2.1E simulation program. The following LEC technologies were simulated as variants of a conventional variable-air-volume system with vapor compression cooling and mixing ventilation in the occupied spaces: Air-side indirect and indirect/direct evaporative pre-cooling. Cool beams. Displacement ventilation. Results are presented for four populous climates, represented by Oakland, Sacramento, Pasadena and San Diego. The greatest energy savings are obtained from a combination of displacement ventilation and air-side indirect/direct evaporative pre-cooling. Cool beam systems have the lowest peak demand but do not reduce energy consumption significantly because the reduction in fan energy is offse t by a reduction in air-side free cooling. Overall, the results indicate significant opportunities for LEC technologies to reduce energy consumption and demand in nonresidential new construction and retrofit.

Bourassa, Norman; Haves, Philip; Huang, Joe

2002-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "non energy balance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Recycled Uranium Mass Balance Project Y-12 National Security Complex Site Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report has been prepared to summarize the findings of the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12 Complex) Mass Balance Project and to support preparation of associated U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) site reports. The project was conducted in support of DOE efforts to assess the potential for health and environmental issues resulting from the presence of transuranic (TRU) elements and fission products in recycled uranium (RU) processed by DOE and its predecessor agencies. The United States government used uranium in fission reactors to produce plutonium and tritium for nuclear weapons production. Because uranium was considered scarce relative to demand when these operations began almost 50 years ago, the spent fuel from U.S. fission reactors was processed to recover uranium for recycling. The estimated mass balance for highly enriched RU, which is of most concern for worker exposure and is the primary focus of this project, is summarized in a table. A discrepancy in the mass balance between receipts and shipments (plus inventory and waste) reflects an inability to precisely distinguish between RU and non-RU shipments and receipts involving the Y-12 Complex and Savannah River. Shipments of fresh fuel (non-RU) and sweetener (also non-RU) were made from the Y-12 Complex to Savannah River along with RU shipments. The only way to distinguish between these RU and non-RU streams using available records is by enrichment level. Shipments of {le}90% enrichment were assumed to be RU. Shipments of >90% enrichment were assumed to be non-RU fresh fuel or sweetener. This methodology using enrichment level to distinguish between RU and non-RU results in good estimates of RU flows that are reasonably consistent with Savannah River estimates. Although this is the best available means of distinguishing RU streams, this method does leave a difference of approximately 17.3 MTU between receipts and shipments. Slightly depleted RU streams received by the Y-12 Complex from ORGDP and PGDP are believed to have been returned to the shipping site or disposed of as waste on the Oak Ridge Reservation. No evidence of Y-12 Complex processing of this material was identified in the historical records reviewed by the Project Team.

NONE

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Non-matrix corrected organic sulfur determination by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy for western Kentucky coals and residues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for non-matrix corrected organic sulfur analysis by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy has been developed using petroleum coke standards. Typically, electron beam microanalysis is a rapid, nondestructive analytical technique to quantitatively measure organic sulfur in coal. The results show good correlation to ASTM values for numerous well characterized coals with a wide range in total and pyritic sulfur content. This direct analysis is capable of reducing error commonly associated with the present ASTM method which relies on an indirect measure of organic sulfur by difference. The precision of the organic sulfur values determined in the present study is comparable to that obtained by ZAF matrix corrected microanalysis. The energy dispersive microanalysis is capable of measuring micro as well as bulk organic sulfur levels.

Clark, C.P.; Freeman, G.B.; Hower, J.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Energy Department Announces $7 Million to Reduce Non-Hardware Costs of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQ ContractEndstatesEnergy CorridorsSolar Power | DepartmentSolar

484

Energy Savings Potential and RD&D Opportunities for Non-Vapor-Compression HVAC Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program -Department oftoThese WebThese case studiesEnergyHVAC | Department

485

2. System boundaries; Balance equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;5/28 Systems and boundaries /3 An isolated system is a special kind of closed system Pictures: KJ05 Q = heat W Example: an electric hot water heater in a house 颅 The electric heater is a closed system 颅 The water1/28 2. System boundaries; Balance equations Ron Zevenhoven ?bo Akademi University Thermal and flow

Zevenhoven, Ron

486

Non-contacting transfer of elastic energy into explosive simulants for dynamic property estimation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-contacting acoustical methods can be used to extract various material properties of liquid or solid samples without disturbing the sample. These methods are useful even in the lab since they do not involve coupling anything to the sample, which might change its properties. A forteriori, when dealing with potentially dangerous materials, non-contacting methods may be the only safe solutions to mechanical characterization. Here, we show examples of using laser ultrasound to remotely insonify and monitor the elastic properties of several granular explosive simulants. The relatively short near-infrared laser pulse length (a few hundred nanoseconds) provides a broad-band thermoelastic source of ultrasound; we intentionally stay in the thermoelastic regime to avoid damaging the material. Then, we use a scanning laser Doppler vibrometer to measure the ultrasonic response of the sample. LDV technology is well established and very sensitive at ultrasonic frequencies; atomic level motions can be measured with modest averaging. The resulting impulse response of the explosive simulant can be analyzed to determine decay rates and wave speeds, with stiffer samples showing faster wave speeds and lower decay rates. On the other hand, at the low-frequency end of the acoustic spectrum, we use an electronically phased array to couple into a freely suspended sample's normal modes. This allows us to gently heat up the sample (3?癈 in just under 5 min, as shown with a thermal IR camera). In addition to the practical interest in making the sample more chemically visible through heat, these two measurements (low-frequency resonant excitation vs high-frequency wave propagation) bracket the frequency range of acoustic non-destructive evaluation methods available.

Greeney, Nathan S.; Strovink, Kurt M.; Scales, John A. [Physics Department, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Jessop, Andrew M.; Stuart Bolton, J. [Ray W. Herrick Laboratories, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2099 (United States); Watson, Christopher C.; Adams, Douglas E. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana 47905 (United States)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

487

Author's personal copy The carbon and energy sources of the non-photosynthetic plastid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 5 November 2009 Revised 30 November 2009 Accepted preferences using a novel cell-free assay system to explore the carbon and energy sources of the apicoplast that the apicoplast taps into host-derived glucose to fuel its metabolism. ? 2009 Federation of European Biochemical

McFadden, Geoff

488

Scheme for Low Energy Beam Transport with a non-neutralized section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A typical Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) design relies on dynamics with nearly complete beam space charge neutralization over the entire length of the LEBT. This paper argues that, for a beam with modest perveance and uniform current density distribution when generated at the source, a downstream portion of the LEBT can be un-neutralized without significant emittance growth.

Shemyakin, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Transportation Energy Futures Series: Non-Cost Barriers to Consumer Adoption of New Light-Duty Vehicle Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Consumer preferences are key to the adoption of new vehicle technologies. Barriers to consumer adoption include price and other obstacles, such as limited driving range and charging infrastructure; unfamiliarity with the technology and uncertainty about direct benefits; limited makes and models with the technology; reputation or perception of the technology; standardization issues; and regulations. For each of these non-cost barriers, this report estimates an effective cost and summarizes underlying influences on consumer preferences, approximate magnitude and relative severity, and assesses potential actions, based on a comprehensive literature review. While the report concludes that non-cost barriers are significant, effective cost and potential market share are very uncertain. Policies and programs including opportunities for drivers to test drive advanced vehicles, general public outreach and information programs, incentives for providing charging and fueling infrastructure, and development of technology standards were examined for their ability to address barriers, but little quantitative data exists on the effectiveness of these measures. This is one in a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency effort to pinpoint underexplored strategies for reducing GHGs and petroleum dependence related to transportation.

Stephens, T.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

On Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The benchmarks are executed on the Wattch power simulator. In comparison to the original (powerOn Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops # Hongbo Yang Dept of ECE Univ@capsl.udel.edu ABSTRACT While a significant body of work in compilers has been de颅 voted to reducing energy consumption

Gao, Guang R.

491

Stochastic thermodynamics of fluctuating density fields: Non-equilibrium free energy differences under coarse-graining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the stochastic thermodynamics of systems that are described by a time-dependent density field, for example, simple liquids and colloidal suspensions. For a time-dependent change of external parameters, we show that the Jarzynski relation connecting work with the change of free energy holds if the time evolution of the density follows the Kawasaki-Dean equation. Specifically, we study the work distributions for the compression and expansion of a two-dimensional colloidal model suspension implementing a practical coarse-graining scheme of the microscopic particle positions. We demonstrate that even if coarse-grained dynamics and density functional do not match, the fluctuation relations for the work still hold albeit for a different, apparent, change of free energy.

Leonard, T.; Lander, B.; Seifert, U. [II. Institut f黵 Theoretische Physik, Universit鋞 Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70550 Stuttgart (Germany)] [II. Institut f黵 Theoretische Physik, Universit鋞 Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70550 Stuttgart (Germany); Speck, T. [Institut f黵 Theoretische Physik II, Heinrich-Heine-Universit鋞 D黶seldorf, Universit鋞sstra遝 1, 40225 D黶seldorf (Germany)] [Institut f黵 Theoretische Physik II, Heinrich-Heine-Universit鋞 D黶seldorf, Universit鋞sstra遝 1, 40225 D黶seldorf (Germany)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

492

Non-Economic Determinants of Energy Use in Rural Areas of South Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project will begin to determine the forces and dimensions in rural energy-use patterns and begin to address policy and implementation needs for the future. This entails: Forecasting the social and economic benefits that electrification is assumed to deliver regarding education and women's lives; Assessing negative perceptions of users, which have been established through the slow uptake of electricity; Making recommendations as to how these perceptions could be addressed in policy development and in the continuing electrification program; Making recommendations to policy makers on how to support and make optimal use of current energy-use practices where these are socio-economically sound; Identifying misinformation and wasteful practices; and Other recommendations, which will significantly improve the success of the rural electrification program in a socio-economically sound manner, as identified in the course of the work.

Annecke, W. (Energy and Development Research Center, University of Cape Town, South Africa)

1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

493

O.A.R. 245-023 - Need Standard for Non-generating Facilities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company)ReferencesNuiqsut, Alaska:Nutley, New

494

Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Deliciouscritical_materials_workshop_presentations.pdfSTD-1040-93Decemberof EnergySeptemberandofDaniel

495

Matter Non-conservation in the Universe and Dynamical Dark Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an expanding universe the vacuum energy density \\rho_{\\Lambda} is expected to be a dynamical quantity. In quantum field theory in curved space-time \\rho_{\\Lambda} should exhibit a slow evolution, determined by the expansion rate of the universe H. Recent measurements on the time variation of the fine structure constant and of the proton-electron mass ratio suggest that basic quantities of the Standard Model, such as the QCD scale parameter \\Lambda_{QCD}, may not be conserved in the course of the cosmological evolution. The masses of the nucleons m_N and of the atomic nuclei would also be affected. Matter is not conserved in such a universe. These measurements can be interpreted as a leakage of matter into vacuum or vice versa. We point out that the amount of leakage necessary to explain the measured value of \\dot{m}_N/m_N could be of the same order of magnitude as the observationally allowed value of \\dot{\\rho}_{\\Lambda}/\\rho_{\\Lambda}, with a possible contribution from the dark matter particles. The dark energy in our universe could be the dynamical vacuum energy in interaction with ordinary baryonic matter as well as with dark matter.

Harald Fritzsch; Joan Sola

2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

496

Numerical study of atomic production rate in hydrogen negative ion sources with the effect of non-equilibrium electron energy distribution function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatial non-uniformity of the dissociative hydrogen atom (H{sup 0}) production has been investigated in a large negative ion source (JAEA 10 A source) with the electron energy distribution function (EEDF) obtained by a Monte-Carlo simulation code for electron transport in 3D3V (three dimensional real and velocity) space. It has been shown that the H{sup 0} production rate becomes larger in the upper region (one side in the longitudinal direction) of the source chamber. This spatial non-uniformity of the H{sup 0} production profile is mainly explained by the non-equilibrium features of the EEDF in the upper region, i.e., the EEDF consists of thermal electron component with kinetic energy ? < 25 eV and fast electron component with energy ? > 25 eV in the upper region, while the EEDF mainly consists of only thermal electrons in the bottom region. These characteristics for the EEDF and the energy dependence of cross-sections for dissociation and dissociative ionization processes lead to the non-uniform profile of the H{sup 0} production. The above numerical results of the spatial H{sup 0} non-uniformity are validated and confirmed by comparisons with those by spectroscopic measurement. It has been clarified that the non-equilibrium (fast electron) component of the EEDF has a large contribution to the non-uniformity of the H{sup 0} production rate.

Shibata, T.; Hatayama, A. [Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan)] [Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan); Kashiwagi, M.; Inoue, T.; Hanada, M. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukouyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan)] [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukouyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan)

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

497

An Assessment of Energy Potential at Non-Powered Dams in the United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' ResearchThe OfficeUtility Fed.9-0s) AllMarch/April 2015 EERE's internal

498

High Accuracy Non-A/C Powered Leak Tester and Volume Calibrator - Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas in the Madison Symmetric TorusInnovation Portal

499

Work for Others (Non-Department of Energy Funded Work) - DOE Directives,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun1 Table 1.14 Sales of4)Delegations, and

500

Management of nuclear materials and non-HLW | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORTMA EnergyMagna E-Car1-16