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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Noise Pollution Control (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Noise Pollution Control (Minnesota) Noise Pollution Control (Minnesota) Noise Pollution Control (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Environmental Regulations These regulations set noise standards and direct municipalities to take reasonable measures to prevent the establishment of land use activities

2

Asbestos and silicate pollution (excluding workplace pollution). March 1987-December 1989 (Citations from the NTIS data base). Report for March 1987-December 1989  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains citations concerning the occurrence and effects of asbestos and silicate pollution outside of the workplace. Topics include increased cancer risk associated with asbestos pollution, and the hazards of silica-dust inhalation and silicate effects on water resources. Included are pollutant sources, and sampling techniques and test results of analyses of indoor air samples, drinking water, and ground water for these pollutants. Asbestos and silicate pollution in the workplace and asbestos-removal technology are considered in other bibliographies. (This updated bibliography contains 78 citations, 11 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

Not Available

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Measure and map noise pollution with your mobile phone Nicolas Maisonneuve Sony CSL Paris  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ Sony CSL Paris Published in: DIY:: HCI - A Showcase of Methods, Communities and Values for Reuse and Customization Proceedings of the DIY for CHI workshop held on April 5, 2009 at CHI 2009, the 27th Annual CHI/Measure_and_map_noise_pollution_with_your_mobile_p DIY for CHI workshop website: http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~daniela/diy DIY for CHI workshop

TAGora project

4

Countries Diesel Prices Excluding Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

excluding taxes) excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 3.56 3.46 3.55 3.80 3.63 3.57 3.40 01/06/14 3.70 3.49 3.62 3.82 3.63 3.55 3.43 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.42 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.39 12/16/13 3.63 3.50 3.71 3.85 3.71 3.56 3.38 12/9/13 3.83 3.53 3.77 3.86 3.72 3.57 3.39 12/2/13 3.70 3.46 3.75 3.80 3.67 3.53 3.40 11/25/13 3.60 3.38 3.74 3.75 3.61 3.48 3.36 11/18/13 3.74 3.36 3.67 3.70 3.55 3.45 3.33 11/11/13 3.57 3.34 3.57 3.66 3.51 3.42 3.34 11/4/13 3.60 3.36 3.65 3.69 3.58 3.43 3.37 10/28/13 3.60 3.48 3.71 3.84 3.67 3.53 3.38 10/21/13 3.64 3.50 3.75 3.84 3.70 3.54 3.40 10/14/13 3.70 3.45 3.74 3.82 3.70 3.51 3.40 10/7/13 3.63 3.46 3.75 3.83 3.70 3.52 3.41

5

BM: excluded-speakers = 3080 3094 3095 3105 3112 3113 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BM: excluded-speakers = 3080 3094 3095 3105 3112 3113 3114 3126 3147 3190 3205 3208 3212 3231 3237 3240 3242 3277 3314 3334 3352 ...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

6

Urine Test Strips to Exclude Cerebral Spinal Fluid Blood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

two Pearson Chi-Square tests. The first compared samplesO riginal R esearch Urine Test Strips to Exclude CerebralBayer Multistix ® urine test strips are designed to test

Marshall, Robin A; Hejamanowski, Chris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

A noise rejection deadbeat control technique for active power filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compared with power filter, active power filter has a lot of advantages and it is an efficient technique to eliminate or limit the harmonic pollution in power system. However, the control of active power filter is very complex, and the control of current ... Keywords: active power filter, current control technique, deadbeat control, noise rejection, periodic noise, resetting integrator, sampling noise

Li-Dan Zhou; Mansoor Mansoor; Qian Ai; Da Xie; Chen Chen

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NEPA » National NEPA » National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions Categorical Exclusions (CX) - Categorical exclusions are categories of actions that DOE has determined, by regulation, do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment and for which neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is typically required. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 1021, National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures, Appendices A and B to Subpart D, list DOE's categorical exclusions. Appendix A classes of actions are those actions considered to be general agency actions, such as awarding a contract or hiring personnel. Appendix B classes of actions

9

Pollution Control Guidance for Geothermal Energy Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the EPA regulatory approach toward geothermal energy development. The state of knowledge is described with respect to the constituents of geothermal effluents and emissions, including water, air, solid wastes, and noise. Pollutant effects are discussed. Pollution control technologies that may be applicable are described along with preliminary cost estimates for their application. Finally discharge and emission limitations are suggested that may serve as interim guidance for pollution control during early geothermal development.

Hartley, Robert P.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Pollution Prevention  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Prevention Pollution Prevention Pollution Prevention Promoting green purchasing, reuse and recycling, and the conservation of fuel, energy, and water. April 17, 2012 Pollution prevention and control at LANL Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email Our goal is to reduce or eliminate waste whenever possible. Promoting pollution prevention to achieve sustainability Our commitment to environmental stewardship and sustainability helps us accomplish our work in a manner that is socially responsible, economically sound, and protective of the environment. The goal of the Laboratory's pollution prevention efforts is to reduce or eliminate waste whenever possible. However, when waste elimination is not

11

Low-noise SQUID  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention comprises a high-transition-temperature superconducting device having low-magnitude low-frequency noise-characteristics in magnetic fields comprising superconducting films wherein the films have a width that is less than or equal to a critical width, w.sub.C, which depends on an ambient magnetic field. For operation in the Earth's magnetic field, the critical width is about 6 micrometers (.mu.m). When made with film widths of about 4 .mu.m an inventive high transition-temperature, superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) excluded magnetic flux vortices up to a threshold ambient magnetic field of about 100 microTesla (.mu.T). SQUIDs were fabricated having several different film strip patterns. When the film strip width was kept at about 4 .mu.m, the SQUIDs exhibited essentially no increase in low-frequency noise, even when cooled in static magnetic fields of magnitude up to 100 .mu.T. Furthermore, the mutual inductance between the inventive devices and a seven-turn spiral coil was at least 85% of that for inductive coupling to a conventional SQUID.

Dantsker, Eugene (Torrance, CA); Clarke, John (Berkeley, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Pollution Prevention  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Prevention Pollution Prevention Goal 5: Pollution Prevention LANL is dedicated to finding ways to reduce waste, prevent pollution, and recycle waste that cannot be reduced. Energy Conservation» Efficient Water Use & Management» High Performance Sustainable Buildings» Greening Transportation» Green Purchasing & Green Technology» Pollution Prevention» Science Serving Sustainability» ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY GOALS at LANL Technical Area 21: Water was sprayed during the demolition of 24 Cold War-era buildings at TA-21 to protect air quality. Recycling metal from the buildings at Technical Area 21 saved LANL from generating more than 3300 cubic yards of waste. Skilled excavator operator Gilbert Pacheco extracts an extra 16 tons of recyclable metal at Technical Area 21. Energy efficient LED lights were installed in the Occupational Medicine facility to lower costs and improve lighting conditions.

13

NIST Johnson noise thermometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... noise thermometry (JNT) is a primary temperature measurement ... and-or other thermal noise sources. ... Quantized Voltage Noise Source (QVNS) (see ...

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

14

Construction noise prediction and barrier optimization using special purpose simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Construction projects produce serious environmental pollution and great annoyance to the neighbouring community due to construction noise. This paper presents an application of the special purpose simulation (SPS) language using Simphony software to ...

Anupama Gannoruwa; Janaka Y. Ruwanpura

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

"ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)" ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)" "Sourcekey","WCESTP11","WCESTP11","WCESTP21","WCESTP21","WCESTP31","WCESTP31","WCESTP41","WCESTP41","WCESTP51","WCESTP51","WCESTUS1","WCESTUS1" "Date","Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Midwest (PADD 2) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Midwest (PADD 2) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly U.S. Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly U.S. Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)"

16

Noise from cooling towers of power parks  

SciTech Connect

A study is presented of the noise pollution problem for large power parks proposed for the future. Such parks might have an area of about 75 sq. miles, and a generating capacity up to 48000 MW. A comparative analysis has been done for natural and mechanical-draft wet towers as the major sources of acoustic power. Noise radiation from single isolated towers as well as from a dispersed array of towers has been considered for both types of cooling systems. Major noise attenuation effects considered are due to the atmospheric absorption and A- weighting. Conditions of 60F and 70 percent relative humidity in a still atmosphere have been assumed. (auth)

Zakaria, J.; Moore, F.K.

1975-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

17

Stream Pollution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stream Pollution Stream Pollution Nature Bulletin No. 401-A January 9, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation STREAM POLLUTION The pollution of surface waters in the United States is one of man's most shameful and dangerous crimes against himself. It is ruining one of the nation's basic resources by rendering water unfit for human consumption and unsuitable for many industrial or domestic uses. Pollution is particularly alarming near most big cities, but, emptied into rivers and creeks, other communities may feel its effect a hundred or more miles downstream. Even in remote or rural regions, it originates as wastes from mines, paper mills, canneries and creameries . A lot of the pleasure of living is taken away because our streams and lakes are fouled and spoiled for bathing, boating, fishing and other recreations. Further, the health hazard is very real. Unless such waters are boiled or chlorinated there is danger from typhoid, dysentery and many other diseases.

18

Pollution Prevention Awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Prevention Awards Pollution Prevention Awards Pollution Prevention awards are presented each year for minimized waste, conserved resources, and other sustainable...

19

Air Pollution (Illinois)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This article states regulations for monitoring air pollution, methods for permit applications, emission limitations for pollutants and air quality standards.

20

Mainstreaming the e-excluded in Europe: strategies, good practices and some ethical issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

E-inclusion is getting a lot of attention in Europe these days. The European Commission and EU Member States have initiated e-inclusion strategies aimed at reaching out to the e-excluded and bringing them into the mainstream of society and the economy. ... Keywords: E-excluded, E-inclusion, E-inclusion strategies, Good practice, Strategies

David Wright; Kush Wadhwa

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Water pollution  

SciTech Connect

Ballast water, which is sea water that is carried in oil tankers to provide stability, can become contaminated with oil. Alyeska Pipeline Service Company runs a water treatment plant at its pipeline terminal at Prot Valdez, Alaska, to treat ballast water before it is discharged into the sea. GAO reviewed EPA's recently reissued National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit for the Port Valdez facility. In this report, GAO compares the effluent limits and other requirements under the reissued permit with those of the old permit, determines the reasons for changes in the reissued permit, and examines Alyeska's initial efforts to comply with the reissued permit's effluent limits and reporting requirements.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Farming and pollution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

does pollution affect farming? Replies: That depends on the type of pollution and the crop or form of livestock you are referring to. In terms of simple water pollution, if a...

23

Air Pollution Control (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This legislation establishes the Department of Environmental Management and the Air Pollution Control Board, which are tasked with the prevention, abatement, and control of air pollution by all...

24

Ocean shell noises  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ocean shell noises Name: Rick A Cazzato Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Why do you here noises when you put a ocean shell to your ear? Does this happen because of...

25

GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.2 - Is the Waste Non-excluded Solid Waste...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 - Is the Waste Non-excluded Solid Waste < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections...

26

GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.4 - Is the Waste a Non-excluded Hazardous...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4 - Is the Waste a Non-excluded Hazardous Waste < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of...

27

Thermal Noise Metrology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of a one-port source and the ... from 8.2 gigahertz to 65 gigahertz for waveguide sources. ... remote-sensing measurements to primary noise standards. ...

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

28

Particle number fluctuations in nuclear collisions within excluded volume hadron gas model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multiplicity fluctuations are studied in the van der Waals excluded volume hadron-resonance gas model. The calculations are done in the grand canonical ensemble within the Boltzmann statistics approximation. The scaled variances for positive, negative and all charged hadrons are calculated along the chemical freeze-out line of nucleus-nucleus collisions at different collision energies. The multiplicity fluctuations are found to be suppressed in the van der Waals gas. The numerical calculations are presented for two values of hard-core hadron radius, $r=0.3$ fm and 0.5 fm, as well as for the upper limit of the excluded volume suppression effects.

M. I. Gorenstein; M. Hauer; D. O. Nikolajenko

2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

29

Production of Strange, Non-strange particles and Hypernuclei in an Excluded-Volume Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a systematic study of production of strange and non-strange hadron yields and their ratios obtained in various experiments using our thermodynamically consistent excluded-volume model. We also analyze the production of light nuclei, hypernuclei and their antinuclei in terms of our excluded-volume model over a broad energy range starting from Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) to Large Hadron Collider (LHC) energies. Further, we extend our model for studying rapidity spectra of hadrons produced in heavy-ion collisions.

S. K. Tiwari; C. P. Singh

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

30

Paying to pollute  

SciTech Connect

A levy on pollution is described in which the proceeds go to pollution abatement. This approach may complement application of strict emission standards, and is favored in a number of European countries. (CAJ)

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Activated carbon: Utilization excluding industrial waste treatment. (Latest citations from the Compendex database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the commercial use and theoretical studies of activated carbon. Topics include performance evaluations in water treatment processes, preparation and regeneration techniques, materials recovery, and pore structure studies. Adsorption characteristics for specific materials are discussed. Studies pertaining specifically to industrial waste treatment are excluded. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Rotor Noise in Maneuvering Flight.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this research is to understand the physics of rotor noise in the maneuvering flight. To achieve this objective, an integrated noise prediction… (more)

Chen, Hsuan-nien

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404). Environmental guidance program reference book: Revision 6  

SciTech Connect

This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404) and those regulations that implement the statutes and appear to be most relevant to US Department of Energy (DOE) activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Updates that include important new requirements will be provided periodically. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

Not Available

1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Controlling Pollution (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Permits are required for new or existing stationary potential sources of pollution, including anaerobic lagoons. Permits may also be required for modifications that may increase emissions. These...

35

Economic Development and Pollutants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this paper is to investigate the correlation of economic development and pollutants in Brazil from 1960 to 2008. This investigation is… (more)

Törnros, Sara

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Air Pollution Project: Scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project Summary HELP Index Summary Scenario Internet Links Student Pages SubjectContent Area: ScienceChemistry, Environment - Air Pollution Target Audience: High school chemistry...

37

Air Pollution Controls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Various statutes within the Wisconsin Legislative Documents relate to air pollution control. These statutes describe zoning, permitting, and emissions regulations for hazardous and non-hazardous...

38

Predict flare noise and spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predicting flare combustion noise is important to ensure the flare is a certain distance from inhabited areas. Generally, it not feasible to increase the stack height to lower the overall noise at a particular point. This article shows how to calculate flare noise including spectrum considerations. Depending on the spectrum, a lower power noise source may sound louder than a higher power source.

Leite, O.C. (Pilgrim Steel Co., Glassboro, NJ (US))

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Community response to noise from a general aviation airport  

SciTech Connect

The paper provides relationships between noise level and response variables through an analysis of social survey and physical data collected around a small general aviation airport. The responses investigated included annoyance, activity interference, health effects, and non-noise effects of general aviation traffic, such as fear of crashes, air pollution, aircraft lights, house vibration, and television interference. Results indicate a much higher response than that predicted by Schultz (1978), e.g., at 30 NEF, Schultz predicts approximately 15% highly annoyed, compared with 28% in this study.

Birnie, S.E.; Hall, F.L.; Taylor, S.M.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

and Pollutant Safeguarding Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), integrates experimental and modeling research in order to understand the dispersion of airborne pollutants dispersion, indoor/outdoor air exchange, and building protection. Airflow and Pollutant Transport Group V V V experimental data (right), for tracer gas concentration at breathing height in a model atrium, demonstrating

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Method for excluding salt and other soluble materials from produced water  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for reducing the salinity, as well as the hydrocarbon concentration of produced water to levels sufficient to meet surface water discharge standards. Pressure vessel and coflow injection technology developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is used to mix produced water and a gas hydrate forming fluid to form a solid or semi-solid gas hydrate mixture. Salts and solids are excluded from the water that becomes a part of the hydrate cage. A three-step process of dissociation of the hydrate results in purified water suitable for irrigation.

Phelps, Tommy J. (Knoxville, TN); Tsouris, Costas (Oak Ridge, TN); Palumbo, Anthony V. (Oak Ridge, TN); Riestenberg, David E. (Knoxville, TN); McCallum, Scott D. (Knoxville, TN)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

42

Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Atmospheric Pollution (GAP) Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Agency/Company /Organization: BOC foundation, U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA) and Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: sei-international.org/rapidc/gapforum/html/emissions-manual.php Cost: Free Related Tools Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory World Induced Technical Change Hybrid (WITCH) Energy Development Index (EDI) ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A manual that provides formulation of methods and assessment of good

43

Abatement of Air Pollution: Prohibition of Air Pollution (Connecticut)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

All air pollution not otherwise covered by these regulations is prohibited. Stationary sources which cause air pollution must be operated in accordance with all applicable emissions standards and...

44

Airflow and Pollutant Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational fluid dynamics flow diagram Computational fluid dynamics flow diagram Airflow and Pollutant Transport Research on airflow and pollutant transport integrates experimental and modeling research in order to understand the dispersion of airborne pollutants in buildings. The work applies to reducing health risks (for example, in the event of a toxic release in an occupied space), as well as to improving energy efficiency and occupant comfort. Investigators also conduct research to characterize and better understand the sources of airborne volatile, semi-volatile and particulate organic pollutants in the indoor environment, and studies of the physical and chemical processes that govern indoor air pollutant concentrations and exposures. The motivation is to contribute to the reduction of potential

45

Pollution Control Facilities (South Carolina)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

For the purpose of this legislation, pollution control facilities are defined as any facilities designed for the elimination, mitigation or prevention of air or water pollution, including all...

46

Effluent treatment in the textile industry: Excluding dyes. (Latest citations from World Textile abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the treatment and reuse of textile industry effluents exclusive of dyes. Topics include the recovery of lubricants, lye, sizing agents, polyvinyl alcohol, zinc, dirt, and heat from textile effluents. Air and water pollution control technology that is effective in treating textile effluents is discussed. Effluents from synthetic fiber manufacture and wool scouring processes are emphasized. Effluents that contain dyes are discusssed in a separate bibliography. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Effluent treatment in the textile industry: Excluding dyes. (Latest citations from World Textile abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the treatment and reuse of textile industry effluents exclusive of dyes. Topics include the recovery of lubricants, lye, sizing agents, polyvinyl alcohol, zinc, dirt, and heat from textile effluents. Air and water pollution control technology that is effective in treating textile effluents is discussed. Effluents from synthetic fiber manufacture and wool scouring processes are emphasized. Effluents that contain dyes are discusssed in a separate bibliography. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

White Noise Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

white noise space 3.2 Wick tensors 3.3 Hida-Kubo-Takenaka space 3.4 Kondratiev-Streit space 3.5 Cochran-Kuo-Sengupta space 4. Continuous versions and analytic extensions 4.1 Continuous versions 4.2 Analytic extensions 4.3 Integrable functions 4.4 Generalized functions induced by measures 4.5 Generalized Radon-Nikodym derivative 5. Characterization theorems 5.1 The S-transform 5.2 Characterization of generalized functions 5.3 Convergence of generalized functions 5.4 Characterization of test functions 5.5 Intrinsic topology for the space of test functions 6. Continuous operators and adjoints 6.1 Differential operators 6.2 Translation and scaling operators 6.3 Multiplication and Wick product 6.4 Fourier-Gauss transform 6.5 Extensions to CKS-spaces 7. Comments on other topics and applications 1 2 HUI-HSIUNG KUO 1. Introduction x1.1 What is white noise? White noise is a sound with equal intensity at all frequencies within a broad band. Rock music, the roar of a jet engine, and the noise...

Hui-Hsiung Kuo

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Ambient Addition: How to turn urban noise into music  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As human civilization devises ever more powerful machines, living among them may become more difficult. We may find ourselves surrounded by incidentally created sounds and noises which are out of synchronization with our momentary needs and discordant. Currently, legislating noise pollution is the only articulated solution and clearly it is not very effective. Our impression of sound, however, may be mediated and manipulated, transformed into something less jarring. So far, Walkmans and sound canceling headphones have done this, isolating us from noise but also from one another. In their place, a next generation headphone system is proposed which integrates environmental sound into a personal soundscape. It allows one to synthesize music from environmental sound using a number of digital signal processing (DSP) algorithms to create a sonic space in which the listener remains connected with his or her surroundings, is also cushioned from the most harsh and arrhythmic incursions and may also be drawn to

Noah Vawter; Noah Vawter; Noah Vawter; Chris Csikszentmihályi; Noah Vawter; Barry Vercoe

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Marine Casualty and Pollution Database -Facility Pollution for 2002 - 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Pollution for 2002 - 2010 Facility Pollution for 2002 - 2010 Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov » Communities » Ocean » Data Marine Casualty and Pollution Database -Facility Pollution for 2002 - 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Marine Casualty and Pollution Data files provide details about marine casualty and pollution incidents investigated by Coast Guard Offices throughout the United States. The database can be used to analyze marine accidents and pollution incidents by a variety of factors including vessel or facility type, injuries, fatalities, pollutant details, location, and date. The data collection period began in 1982 for marine casualties and 1973 for polluting incidents, and is ongoing. Documentation includes entity and attribute descriptions along with suggested solutions to general marine pollution, vessel casualty, and personnel injury and death questions.

51

Pollution of the environment  

SciTech Connect

This article is a general, theoretical overview of the problem of pollution as it will develop around the megalopolis societal structure of this country during the next two decades.

Revelle, R.

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Thermal Noise Metrology Project Talks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... "Simulations of Noise-Parameter Uncertainties," (1.5 MB) J. Randa, International Microwave Symposium, Seattle, June 2002. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

53

Effluent treatment in the textile industry: Excluding dyes. (Latest citations from World Textile abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the treatment and reuse of textile industry effluents exclusive of dyes. Topics include the recovery of lubricants, lye, sizing agents, polyvinyl alcohol, zinc, dirt, and heat from textile effluents. Air and water pollution control technology that is effective in treating textile effluents is discussed. Effluents from synthetic fiber manufacture and wool scouring processes are emphasized. Effluents that contain dyes are discusssed in a separate bibliography.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Noise and Hearing Conservation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hearing Conservation Hearing Conservation Mary L. Doyle NOISE & HEARING CONSERVATION Mary L. Doyle, MPH, RN, COHN-S/CM DOE Headquarters January 16, 2002 1.0.1.~ CAUSES OF HEARING LOSS * Congenital * Environmental Exposures * Hereditary * Illness *Injury * Noise * Occupational * Non-Occupational * Sociacusis S.O.S. eon.ua.nt. OTOTOXIC DRUGS Can Affect Cochlea or Vestibular System * Aminoglycoside Antibiotics * Diuretics * Cancer Chemotherapy * Aspirin * Quinines * Usually Permanent * Consider Benefit-Risk Ratio S.O.S. eon.ua.nts HEARING * Modification of Acoustic Wave by Outer Ear * Conversion of Modified Acoustic Wave to Vibration of Eardrum * Middle Ear * Inner Ear * Transformation of Mechanical Movement to Nerve Impulses S.O.S. CoMubRis OTOTOXIC INDUSTRIAL

55

Optical Johnson noise thermometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a method and device for direct, non-contact temperature measure of a body. A laser beam is reflected from the surface of the body and detected along with the Planck radiation. The detected signal is analyzed using signal correlation technique to generate an output signal proportional to the Johnson noise introduced into the reflected laser beam as a direct measure of the absolute temperature of the body. 2 figs.

Shepard, R.L.; Blalock, T.V.; Roberts, M.J.

1989-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

56

Production Economics Modeling and Analysis of Polluting firms: The Production Frontier Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As concern grows about energy and environment issues, energy and environmental modeling and related policy analysis are critical issues for today's society. Polluting firms such as coal power plants play an important role in providing electricity to drive the U.S. economy as well as producing pollution that damages the environment and human health. This dissertation is intended to model and estimate polluting firms' production using nonparametric methods. First, frontier production function of polluting firms is characterized by weak disposability between outputs and pollutants to reflecting the opportunity cost to reduce pollutants. The StoNED method is extended to estimate a weak disposability frontier production function accounting for random noise in the data. The method is applied to the U.S. coal power plants under the Acid Rain Program to find the average technical inefficiency and shadow price of SO2 and NOx. Second, polluting firms' production processes are modeled characterizing both the output production process and the pollution abatement process. Using the law of conservation of mass applied to the pollution abatement process, this dissertation develops a new frontier pollutant function which then is used to find corresponding marginal abatement cost of pollutants. The StoNEZD method is applied to estimate a frontier pollutant function considering the vintage of capital owned by the polluting firms. The method is applied to estimate the average NOx marginal abatement cost for the U.S. coal power plants under the current Clean Air Interstate Rule NOx program. Last, the effect of a technical change on marginal abatement costs are investigated using an index decomposition technique. The StoNEZD method is extended to estimate sequential frontier pollutant functions reflecting the innovation in pollution reduction. The method is then applied to estimate a technical change effect on a marginal abatement cost of the U.S. coal power plants under the current Clean Air Interstate Rule NOx program.

Mekaroonreung, Maethee

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The Simplest Models of Radiative Neutrino Mass: Excluding Simplified Zee Models and Beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The complexity of radiative neutrino-mass models can be judged by: (i) whether they require the imposition of ad hoc symmetries, (ii) the number of new multiplets they introduce, and (iii) the number of arbitrary parameters that appear. Adopting the view that the imposition of arbitrary new symmetries is the least appealing approach, the simplest models have two new multiplets and a minimal number of new parameters. With this in mind, we search for the simplest models of radiative neutrino mass. We are lead to two new models, containing a real scalar triplet and a charged scalar doublet (respectively), in addition to the charged singlet scalar considered by Zee [h^+\\sim(1,1,2)]. The new models are essentially simplified versions of the Zee model and appear to be \\emph{the simplest} models of radiative neutrino mass. However, these models are only of pedagogical interest; despite successfully generating nonzero masses, present-day data is sufficient to rule them out. The lessons learned from these models also enable one to exclude a more general class of radiative models. Moving beyond the minimal cases, we find a new model of two-loop masses that employs the charged doublet \\Phi\\sim(1,2,3) and the doubly-charged scalar k^{++}\\sim(1,1,4).

Sandy S. C. Law; Kristian L. McDonald

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

58

Imaging with ambient noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments in seismology, ultrasonics, and underwater acoustics have led to a radical change in the way scientists think about ambient noise--the diffuse waves generated by pressure fluctuations in the atmosphere, the scattering of water waves in the ocean, and any number of other sources that pervade our world. Because diffuse waves consist of the superposition of waves propagating in all directions, they appear to be chaotic and random. That appearance notwithstanding, diffuse waves carry information about the medium through which they propagate.

Snieder, Roel; Wapenaar, Kees [Colorado School of Mines, Golden (United States); Delft University of Technology, Delft (Netherlands)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Pollution adn Plant Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution adn Plant Growth Pollution adn Plant Growth Name: Virdina Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are the effcts off water polltuion on plant growth? Are there any good websites where I can find current or on going research being done by other scientist? Replies: Dear Virdina, Possibly helpful: http://www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/manage/poll/e_poll.htm http://www.epa.vic.gov.au/wq/info/wq987.htm Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach This is a very complicated question, there are so many different types of water pollution and different species of plants react very differently. Good places to start are the U.S. environmental protection agency, the office of water is at: http://www.epa.gov/ow/ and there is a link to a kid's page from there: http://www.epa.gov/OST/KidsStuff/ You might also try state EPA's, Illinois is at:

60

Pollution Prevention and NEPA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Council on Environmental Quality AGENCY: Council on Environmental Quality, Executive Office of the President ACTION: Information only--Memorandum to Heads of Federal Departments and Agencies Regarding Pollution Prevention and the National Environmental Policy Act SUMMARY: This memorandum provides guidance to the federal agencies on incorporating pollution prevention principles, techniques, and mechanisms into their planning and decisionmaking processes and evaluating and reporting those efforts in documents prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Lucinda Low Swartz, Deputy General Counsel, Council on Environmental Quality, 722 Jackson Place, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20503. Telephone: 202/395-5754.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Holographic Noise in Interferometers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arguments based on general principles of quantum mechanics suggest that a minimum length or time associated with Planck-scale unification may entail a new kind of observable uncertainty in the transverse position of macroscopically separated bodies. Transverse positions vary randomly about classical geodesics in space and time by about the geometric mean of the Planck scale and separation, on a timescale corresponding to their separation. An effective theory based on a Planck information flux limit, and normalized by the black hole entropy formula, is developed to predict measurable correlations, such as the statistical properties of noise in interferometer signals. A connection with holographic unification is illustrated by representing Matrix theory position operators with a Schr\\"odinger wave equation, interpreted as a paraxial wave equation with a Planck frequency carrier. Solutions of this equation are used to derive formulas for the spectrum of beamsplitter position fluctuations and equivalent strain noise in a Michelson interferometer, determined by the Planck time, with no other parameters. The spectral amplitude of equivalent strain derived here is a factor of \\sqrt{\\pi} smaller than previously published estimates. Signals in two nearly-collocated interferometers are predicted to be highly correlated, a feature that may provide convincing evidence for or against this interpretation of holography.

Craig J. Hogan

2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

62

High level white noise generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wide band, stable, random noise source with a high and well-defined output power spectral density is provided which may be used for accurate calibration of Johnson Noise Power Thermometers (JNPT) and other applications requiring a stable, wide band, well-defined noise power spectral density. The noise source is based on the fact that the open-circuit thermal noise voltage of a feedback resistor, connecting the output to the input of a special inverting amplifier, is available at the amplifier output from an equivalent low output impedance caused by the feedback mechanism. The noise power spectral density level at the noise source output is equivalent to the density of the open-circuit thermal noise or a 100 ohm resistor at a temperature of approximately 64,000 Kelvins. The noise source has an output power spectral density that is flat to within 0.1% (0.0043 db) in the frequency range of from 1 KHz to 100 KHz which brackets typical passbands of the signal-processing channels of JNPT's. Two embodiments, one of higher accuracy that is suitable for use as a standards instrument and another that is particularly adapted for ambient temperature operation, are illustrated in this application.

Borkowski, Casimer J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Blalock, Theron V. (Knoxville, TN)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Phase and Amplitude Noise Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1/f, “flicker” behavior, which often significantly dominates over the white-noise level ... A paper published by Archita Hati and others addresses two ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

64

Quantum noise in photothermal cooling  

SciTech Connect

We study the problem of cooling a mechanical oscillator using the photothermal (bolometric) force. Contrary to previous attempts to model this system, we take into account the noise effects due to the granular nature of photon absorption. We achieve this by developing a Langevin formalism for the motion of the cantilever, valid in the bad-cavity limit, which includes both photon absorption shot noise and the noise due to radiation pressure. This allows us to tackle the cooling problem down to the noise-dominated regime and to find reasonable estimates for the lowest achievable phonon occupation in the cantilever.

De Liberato, Simone [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Lambert, Neill [Advanced Science Institute, RIKEN, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Nori, Franco [Advanced Science Institute, RIKEN, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Physics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Pollution in the home  

SciTech Connect

This paper dealt with two programs sponsored by the EPA. These programs were indoor air pollution research and radon research. The author discussed the major thrust of each program, the appropriations provided by congress, and the need to accelerate each programs' pace.

Dowd, R.M.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Holographic Noise in Interferometers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General arguments based on black hole physics suggest the possibility of a new kind of indeterminacy in the relative position of bodies in spacetime, corresponding to the diffraction limit of Planck wavelength radiation. Suitably designed instruments should display a new phenomenon, a randomly varying shear in relative position, with a flat power spectral density at low frequencies given approximately by the Planck time, and with no other parameters. An effective theory is presented to connect fundamental theory with macroscopic phenomena, such as the statistical properties of noise in signals of interferometers. A theory of spacetime wavefunctions based on the paraxial wave equation with a carrier wave at the Planck frequency, or equivalently a Schrodinger wave equation, is motivated by a particular interpretation of Matrix theory in the macroscopic limit. A model based on gaussian-beam solutions of this equation is used to derive formulas in the time and frequency domain for autocorrelation of beamsplitter ...

Hogan, Craig J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Activated carbon: Utilization excluding industrial waste treatment. (Latest citations from the EI Compendex*plus database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the commercial use and theoretical studies of activated carbon. Topics include performance evaluations in water treatment processes, preparation and regeneration techniques, materials recovery, and pore structure studies. Adsorption characteristics for specific materials are discussed. Studies pertaining specifically to industrial waste treatment are excluded. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Low noise control valve  

SciTech Connect

Noise is one of the problems associated with the use of any type of control valve in systems involving the flow of fluids. The advent of OSHA standards has prompted control valve manufacturers to design valves with special trim to lower the sound pressure level to meet these standards. However, these levels are in some cases too high, particularly when a valve must be located in or near an area where people are working at tasks requiring a high degree of concentration. Such locations are found around and near research devices and in laboratory-office areas. This paper describes a type of fluid control device presently being used at PPL as a bypass control valve in deionized water systems and designed to reduce sound pressure levels considerably below OSHA standards. Details of the design and construction of this constant pressure drop variable flow control valve are contained in the text and are shown in photographs and drawings. Test data taken are included. (auth)

Christie, R.S.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Classical approaches to predicting industrial noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predicting operational noise levels is an essential part of designing an industrial facility. Community noise levels are usually predicted for environmental assessment and licensing. In?plant noise levels are predicted

Frank H. Brittain

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Abatement of Air Pollution: Hazardous Air Pollutants (Connecticut)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations describe maximum allowable stack concentrations and hazard limiting values for the emission of hazardous air pollutants. The regulations also discuss sampling procedures for...

71

Uncorrelated Noise in Turbulence Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that the error variance contributed by random uncorrelated measurement noise can be merged with the error variance contributed by real variations in the atmosphere to obtain a single expression for the total error variance when the ...

Donald H. Lenschow; Leif Kristensen

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Agriculture - Noise and shocking investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents an investigation of noise and shocking from the telephone line at a horse farm. The investigation revealed that the noise was caused by an arching connection and vegetation along the fence. Also the charger's grounding system was not installed properly. Recommendations were made to the customer to reinstall the charger's ground system to manufacturer's specification and use an AM radio to find the loose connection along the fence.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

73

Noise Characterization of ATLAS Tile Calorimeter Readout System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Architect 3. Design noise filter Design noise filter circuit Simulate circuit using Design Architect 4

74

Anti-pollution boom  

SciTech Connect

Anti-pollution barrier comprises a buoyant air tube, a ballast water tube and a membrane. Sections of reduced diameter in the air tube provide weirs over which surface oil and water spill. An oil and water discharge tube is provided which may be inside or outside the water tube. If inside, then one end of the membrane is connected to the air tube and the other end to the ballast tube to form a gallery for reception of the overspill. If outside , then one end of the membrane is connected to the air tube and the other end to the discharge tube to form the gallery. Pumps may be provided in the discharge tube to remove overspill from the gallery.

Webb, M.G.

1980-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

75

POLLUTION AND LAND USE: OPTIMUM AND DECENTRALIZATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with land and labor inputs and pollution emissions as a by-isolating the role of land use in pollution control we: i)land and the composite good, and disutility from the pollution

Hochman, Oded; Rausser, Gordon C.; Arnott, Richard J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Minnesota Pollution Control Agency | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pollution Control Agency Jump to: navigation, search Name Minnesota Pollution Control Agency Place St. Paul, Minnesota Zip 55155-4194 Product Focused on reducing and preventing...

77

Water Pollution Control and Abatement (Maryland) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution Control and Abatement (Maryland) Water Pollution Control and Abatement (Maryland) Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local...

78

Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Review Process The guidance discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's definition of pollution prevention; how to incorporate pollution prevention into the EPA...

79

The digits-in-noise test: Assessing auditory speech recognition abilities in noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A speech-in-noise test which uses digit triplets in steady-state speech noise was developed. The test measures primarily the auditory

Cas Smits; S. Theo Goverts; Joost M. Festen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Frequency and amplitude shifts in the whistle vocalizations of bottlenose dolphins in response to anthropogenic noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anthropogenic noise can have a number of negative effects on cetaceans including the masking of biologically important sounds. Although many observational studies are found in the literature, few data have been published on the effects of low frequency anthropogenic noise on odontocetes. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the effect of shipping and industrial noise on the whistle vocalizations of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) living in Galveston Bay, Texas. Dolphin whistles were recorded in different types of noise environments. Vocalization characteristics such as whistle mean frequency, frequency of peak energy, and sound pressure level were examined as functions of total background noise. Findings indicated that whistle mean frequencies were significantly lower in noisier areas. Whistles were also significantly louder in noisier environments. Combined frequency and amplitude results indicate that lower whistle frequencies had higher sound pressure levels. It may be, that given a specific amount of energy available for vocalization, a dolphin can produce a louder whistle at a lower frequency. Postulating a situation in which a dolphin has the option of more than one behavioral adaptation to avoid masking in a noisy site, the animal may implement the behavior that would require the least amount of energy. Energetic studies are needed to further investigate the relationship between vocalization frequency and amplitude. In addition, since large gaps in our knowledge of the effects of noise pollution still exist, more quantified, long-term data on a variety of species in different acoustic environments is needed.

Candelaria-Ley, Roxanne Inez

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Sandia National Laboratories: Pollution Prevention  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Prevention Pollution Prevention Environmental Management System Pollution Prevention Sustainable Acquisition Electronics Stewardship Recycling Reuse Outreach Awards News About Pollution Prevention 13,051 lbs of Carpet Sent for Reuse Forklift carrying carpet on pallet Sandia Awarded for Electronics Stewardship Electronics Stewardship Award Zero Waste Lunch Goes Beyond Recycling Zero Waste Station No More Green Waste in the Landfill Dup truck dumping green waste Recycling Lead Acid Batteries Responsibly Lead Acid Batteries 39,000 Pounds of Ceiling Tiles Recycled Ceiling tile shipment for recycling Sustainable Acquisition Icon Sustainable Acquisition Greening the supply chain Electronics Stewardship Icon Electronics Stewardship Managing the full life-cycle Outreach Icon Outreach Teaming with our community Recycling Icon

82

Toxic Pollution Prevention Act (Illinois)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

It is the purpose of this Act to reduce the disposal and release of toxic substances which may have adverse and serious health and environmental effects, to promote toxic pollution prevention as...

83

Zone based indoor mobile air pollution monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pollution is one of the main problems that humans are suffering from. Moreover air pollution is one of the hardest to escape. Although human spend most of their time indoor, most of the previous pollution monitoring studies focused on outdoor air monitoring. ... Keywords: indoor pollution, mobile sensing, nfc

Noura Alhakbani, Eiman Kanjo

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Simulation of synchrotron motion with rf noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theoretical formulation is described that is behind an algorithm for synchrotron phase-space tracking with rf noise and some preliminary simulation results of bunch diffusion under rf noise obtained by actual tracking.

Leemann, B.T.; Forest, E.; Chattopadhyay, S.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

The room noise criteria (RNC) metric.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent ANSI S12.2:2008 room noise criteria contains both a survey and an engineering method to specify room noise criteria. The methods use A?weighting and extended NC

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Quantization Noise Shaping on Arbitrary Frame Expansions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantization noise shaping is commonly used in oversampled A/D and D/A converters with uniform sampling. This paper considers quantization noise shaping for arbitrary finite frame expansions based on generalizing the view ...

Boufounos, Petros T.

87

EMISSION AND TRANSMISSION NOISE PROPAGATION IN POSITRON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

26-29, 1979 EMISSION AND TRANSMISSION NOISE PROPAGATION INLBL-9783 EMISSION AND TRANSMISSION NOISE PROPAGATION INl·. LBL-9783 EMISSION AND TRANSMISSION NOISE PROPAGATION IN

Gullberg, G.T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Pollution Prevention at Brookhaven - Environmental Protection Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Prevention Pollution Prevention at Brookhaven National Laboratory BNL Pollution Prevention Program Description Pollution Prevention Regulations and Policies Cost Savings from Pollution Prevention & Recycling Initiatives Recycling Program Information BNL Recycles by the TON...recycling statistics BNL Energy Challenge Executive Order 13514 and Site Sustainability Plans Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance Pollution Prevention Funding Opportunities P2 Proposal Form Pollution Prevention Awards Program DOE, BNL, and external Buying "Green" Products Information on Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Other P2 Resources/Databases Other P2 websites of interest How Do I Manage This Waste Stream? How-to advice on long list of common wastes

89

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollutants and Health  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

AFDC AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollutants and Health to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollutants and Health on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollutants and Health on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollutants and Health on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollutants and Health on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollutants and Health on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollutants and Health on AddThis.com... Pollutants and Health Pollutants emitted from burning conventional and alternative fuels fall into two categories: Criteria and Non-Criteria pollutants. The Clean Air Act (CAA) requires the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

90

Research on Aluminum Foam Railway Noise Barrier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Frequency ranges of train noises are concentrated between ... Piezoelectric Smart Composites: Electromechanical Properties and Design Maps

91

Noise Analysis of Statham Temperature Chamber  

SciTech Connect

A procedure is described to subdue the noise made by the LN2 control valve on a Statham Temperature Chamber.

Mielke, R. L.

1973-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

A case history comparing noise criteria.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case history of an indoor HVAC noise problem in a new residential building will be presented. Noise measurements collected in the living room and in the bedroom of the impacted living unit will be examined using several of the available noise criteria methods including

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Environmental Noise Source Classification Using Neural Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neural networks have been applied to many interesting problems in different areas including noise identification/recognition. With this study, we studied noise classification using artificial neural networks (ANN). Three commonly encountered non-stationary ... Keywords: ACF-based feature parameter, environmental noise classification, Neural Networks (ANN)

Buket D. Barkana; Inci Saricicek

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

The Acoustic Properties of Different Noise Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses a method to find the acoustic properties of different types of background noise: highway, airport, subway, restaurant, rain, inside a car, and inside a train. Four parameters are calculated using the Auto Correlation Function (ACF). ... Keywords: Environmental noise, noise classification

Jidong Yang; Buket D. Barkana

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Low-noise pulse conditioner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-noise pulse conditioner is provided for driving electronic digital processing circuitry directly from differentially induced input pulses. The circuit uses a unique differential-to-peak detector circuit to generate a dynamic reference signal proportional to the input peak voltage. The input pulses are compared with the reference signal in an input network which operates in full differential mode with only a passive input filter. This reduces the introduction of circuit-induced noise, or jitter, generated in ground referenced input elements normally used in pulse conditioning circuits, especially speed transducer processing circuits. This circuit may be used for conditioning the sensor signal from the Fidler coil in a gas centrifuge for separation of isotopic gaseous mixtures.

Bird, D.A.

1981-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

96

EO 12088: Federal Compliance with Pollution Control Standards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

088-Federal Compliance with Pollution Control Standards 088-Federal Compliance with Pollution Control Standards SOURCE: The provisions of Executive Order 12088 of October 13,1978, appear at 43 FR 47707, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 243, unless otherwise noted. By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and statutes of the United States of America, including Section 22 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 2621), Section 313 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (33 U.S.C. 1323), Section 1447 of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-6), Section 118of the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 7418(b)), Section 4 of the Noise Control Act of 1972 (42 U.S.C. 4903), Section 6001 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 6961), and Section 301 of Title 3 of the United

97

Coating thermal noise for arbitrary shaped beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced LIGO's sensitivity will be limited by coating noise. Though this noise depends on beam shape, and though nongaussian beams are being seriously considered for advanced LIGO, no published analysis exists to compare the quantitative thermal noise improvement alternate beams offer. In this paper, we derive and discuss a simple integral which completely characterizes the dependence of coating thermal noise on shape. The derivation used applies equally well, with minor modifications, to all other forms of thermal noise in the low-frequency limit.

Richard O'Shaughnessy

2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

98

Annual report of waste generation and pollution prevention progress 1998  

SciTech Connect

This seventh Annual Report presents and analyzes DOE Complex-wide waste generation and pollution prevention activities at 45 reporting sites from 1993 through 1998. This section summarizes Calendar Year 1998 Complex-wide waste generation and pollution prevention accomplishments. More detailed information follows this section in the body of the Report. In May 1996, the Secretary of Energy established a 50 percent Complex-Wide Waste Reduction Goal (relative to the 1993 baseline) for routine operations radioactive, mixed, and hazardous waste generation, to be achieved by December31, 1999. DOE has achieved its Complex-Wide Waste Reduction Goals for routine operations based upon a comparison of 1998 waste generation to the 1993 baseline. Excluding sanitary waste, routine operations waste generation decreased 67 percent overall from 1993 to 1998. However, for the first time since 1994, the total amount of materials recycled by the Complex decreased from 109,600 metric tons in 1997 to 92,800 metric tons in 1998. This decrease is attributed to the fact that in 1997, several large ''one-time only'' recycling projects were conducted throughout the Complex. In order to demonstrate commitment to DOE's Complex-wide recycling goal, it is important for sites to identify all potential large-scale recycling/reuse opportunities.

NONE

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Attenuating Plant Noise: Active Noise Control Helmholtz Resonator Demonstration: Low Frequency Noise Mitigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the implementation of the active Helmholtz resonator concept at a Midwestern power plant to suppress low frequency noise emitted from three simple-cycle, combustion turbine peaking units. The units normally operate during the summer season and only when electricity demand is very high (e.g., during periods with high ambient temperatures). However, when one or more of the units are dispatched, the plant sometimes receives complaints from the residential development located approximat...

2004-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

100

Chemotactic selection of pollutant degrading soil bacteria  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for identifying soil microbial strains which may be bacterial degraders of pollutants. This method includes: Placing a concentration of a pollutant in a substantially closed container; placing the container in a sample of soil for a period of time ranging from one minute to several hours; retrieving the container and collecting its contents; microscopically determining the identity of the bacteria present. Different concentrations of the pollutant can be used to determine which bacteria respond to each concentration. The method can be used for characterizing a polluted site or for looking for naturally occurring biological degraders of the pollutant. Then bacteria identified as degraders of the pollutant and as chemotactically attracted to the pollutant are used to innoculate contaminated soil. To enhance the effect of the bacteria on the pollutant, nutrients are cyclicly provided to the bacteria then withheld to alternately build up the size of the bacterial colony or community and then allow it to degrade the pollutant.

Hazen, T.C.

1991-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Air pollution and lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

Epidemiological evidence proves conclusively that lung cancer correlates with air pollution. However, data on lung cancer death rates and smoking show that mankind accepts the risk of long-term and low-level exposure to carcinogens. As a rule, immediate benefits are sought and remote hazards ignored. Fear of atmospheric contamination by radioactive fallout seems to be the main factor for awareness of air pollution. Experimental works help us to understand physics of particle deposition in the lungs (inertial impactation, sedimentation, Brownian movement), shed light on carcinogenesis (eg, bay region theory in case of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and surface charge changes regarding asbestos), show that atmospheric particulates accepted as harmless may act as co-carcinogens (eg, iron and benzo(a)pyrene) and stress the importance of in vitro research (bacterial mutation tests, organ cultures, sister chromatid exchange system) to screen pollutants for their malignant potential and study their pathogenesis.

Boehm, G.M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers The environmental review process under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) provides a valuable opportunity for Federal agency NEPA/309 reviewers to incorporate pollution prevention and environmental impact reduction into actions (or projects). This Environmental Protection Agency guidance was prepared to assist NEPA/309 reviewers in incorporating pollution prevention into each step of the environmental review process, including scoping, mitigation, monitoring, and enforcement. POLLUTION PREVENTION - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REDUCTION CHECKLISTS FOR NEPA/309 REVIEWERS JANUARY 1995

103

Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers The environmental review process under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) provides a valuable opportunity for Federal agency NEPA/309 reviewers to incorporate pollution prevention and environmental impact reduction into actions (or projects). This Environmental Protection Agency guidance was prepared to assist NEPA/309 reviewers in incorporating pollution prevention into each step of the environmental review process, including scoping, mitigation, monitoring, and enforcement. POLLUTION PREVENTION - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REDUCTION CHECKLISTS FOR NEPA/309 REVIEWERS JANUARY 1995

104

LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF REGULATING INTERMEDIA POLLUTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

costs of the water and land pollution generated by wastesand increased water and land pollution was optimal. It didan optimum use of land in pollution control. Amendments

Entman, R.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Zoning as a control of pollution in a spatial environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the per unit land pollution tax. Some experimentation iscontributed by that land unit's pollution. Key Words:to include optimal pollution land taxes. Moreover, these and

Hochman, Oded; Rausser, Gordon C.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Los Alamos National Laboratory employees receive Pollution Prevention...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Employees receive Pollution Prevention awards Los Alamos National Laboratory employees receive Pollution Prevention awards Nearly 400 employees on 47 teams received Pollution...

107

Los Alamos National Laboratory employees receive Pollution Prevention...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Employees Receive Pollution Prevention Awards Los Alamos National Laboratory employees receive Pollution Prevention Awards Nearly 400 employees on 47 teams received Pollution...

108

Background pollution forecast over bulgaria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both, the current level of air pollution studies and social needs in the country, are in a stage mature enough for creating Bulgarian Chemical Weather Forecasting and Information System The system is foreseen to provide in real time forecast of the spatial/temporal ...

D. Syrakov; K. Ganev; M. Prodanova; N. Miloshev; G. Jordanov; E. Katragkou; D. Melas; A. Poupkou; K. Markakis

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

POLLUTION PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by intentional addition of silica and lime. Fluxes such as calcium fluoride may be added to make the slag more Systems ..................................4-9 4.7.5 Off-site Recycle by Reuse as a Construction Material separate from those of pollution prevention assessment.) Reclamation - Denotes internal reuse of materials

Shor, Leslie McCabe

110

Oklahoma Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Act (Oklahoma)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Environmental Quality regulates facilities that discharge any pollutant into waters of the state. Permits must be acquired before the discharge of any pollutants into state waters...

111

Catalysts for Destruction of Air Pollutants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Destruction of Air Pollutants Catalysts for Destruction of Air Pollutants U.S. industries and the U.S. Department of Energy must manage a variety of off-gas wastes consisting of...

112

Quantifying Precipitation Suppression Due to Air Pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban air pollution and industrial air pollution have been shown qualitatively to suppress rain and snow. Here, precipitation losses over topographical barriers downwind of major coastal urban areas in California and in the land of Israel that ...

Amir Givati; Daniel Rosenfeld

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Pollution markets with imperfectly observed emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I study the advantages of pollution permit markets over traditional standard regulations when the regulator has incomplete information on firms? emissions and costs of production and abatement (e.g., air pollution in large ...

Montero, Juan-Pablo

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Pollutant Transport and Diffusion in Katabatic Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of pollutant transport and diffusion of a passive contaminant in a two-dimensional katabatic flow over a simple slope are examined using a primitive equation hydrodynamic model. It is shown that pollutants released above the ...

Carmen J. Nappo; K. Shankar Rao; Jerold A. Herwehe

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Electron acceleration in solar noise storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an up-to-date review of the physics of electron acceleration in solar noise storms. We describe the observed characteristics of noise storm emission, emphasizing recent advances in imaging observations. We briefly describe the general methodology of treating particle acceleration problems and apply it to the specific problem of electron acceleration in noise storms. We dwell on the issue of the efficiency of the overall noise storm emission process and outline open problems in this area. 1.1 Motivation: Noise storms are the most common form of meter wavelength radio emission from the solar corona. The nomenclature arises from hissing sounds produced in short-wave radio receivers, and was coined around the 1930s. Noise storms are sites of long-lasting quasi-continuous electron acceleration in the

Prasad Subramanian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Small Vessel Contribution to Underwater Noise  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the types of noise generated by a small boat is important for ensuring that marine ecosystems are protected from detrimental anthropogenic noise. Here we present the results of a field test conducted to examine the effects of engine RPM, number of engines and number of propeller blades on the broadband and narrowband noise produced by a small boat. The test boat was a 23-foot aluminum-hulled boat with dual 100 hp engines. The broadband noise and narrowband peak levels were observed using two hydrophones in different locations. The broadband noise levels were affected by both the number of engines and the RPM; the narrowband peaks showed a greater increase in amplitude with an increase in RPM than the broadband noise levels.

Matzner, Shari; Maxwell, Adam R.; Myers, Joshua R.; Caviggia, Kurt A.; Elster, Jennifer L.; Foley, Michael G.; Jones, Mark E.; Ogden, George L.; Sorensen, Eric L.; Zurk, Lisa M.; Tagestad, Jerry D.; Stephan, Alex J.; Peterson, Mary E.; Bradley, Donald J.

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

117

Sandia National Laboratories: Pollution Prevention: Reuse  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contribution Programs Volunteer Programs Education Programs Environmental Responsibility Environmental Management System Pollution Prevention History Diversity Locations Missions...

118

Sandia National Laboratories: Pollution Prevention: Outreach  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contribution Programs Volunteer Programs Education Programs Environmental Responsibility Environmental Management System Pollution Prevention History Diversity Locations Missions...

119

Sandia National Laboratories: Pollution Prevention: Goals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contribution Programs Volunteer Programs Education Programs Environmental Responsibility Environmental Management System Pollution Prevention History Diversity Locations Missions...

120

Water Pollution Control (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Indiana) Water Pollution Control (Indiana) Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General PublicConsumer Industrial Installer...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Electron acceleration in solar noise storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an up-to-date review of the physics of electron acceleration in solar noi se storms. We describe the observed characteristics of noise storm emission, emphasi zing recent advances in imaging observations. We briefly describe the general method ology of treating particle acceleration problems and apply it to the specific proble m of electron acceleration in noise storms. We dwell on the issue of the efficiency of the overall noise storm emission process and outline open problems in this area.

Subramanian, P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Electron acceleration in solar noise storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an up-to-date review of the physics of electron acceleration in solar noi se storms. We describe the observed characteristics of noise storm emission, emphasi zing recent advances in imaging observations. We briefly describe the general method ology of treating particle acceleration problems and apply it to the specific proble m of electron acceleration in noise storms. We dwell on the issue of the efficiency of the overall noise storm emission process and outline open problems in this area.

Prasad Subramanian

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

123

Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper Prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory...................................................................... 8 Sound from Wind Turbines .............................................................................................. 10 Sources of Wind Turbine Sound

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

124

Active Noise Control of a Radial Fan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis work aims at investigating the use of an active noise control (ANC) system on a radial fan. This was done by studying the… (more)

Murthy, Muddala

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Small Business Pollution Prevention Assistance Account Loan Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Business Pollution Prevention Assistance Account Loan Program Small Business Pollution Prevention Assistance Account Loan Program Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings...

126

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Calibration Facilities Ecosystem Management Team Environmental Justice Environmental...

127

Holographic Indeterminacy, Uncertainty and Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A theory is developed to describe the nonlocal effect of spacetime quantization on position measurements transverse to macroscopic separations. Spacetime quantum states close to a classical null trajectory are approximated by plane wavefunctions of Planck wavelength (l_P) reference beams; these are used to connect transverse position operators at macroscopically separated events. Transverse positions of events with null spacetime separation, but separated by macroscopic spatial distance $L$, are shown to be quantum conjugate observables, leading to holographic indeterminacy and a new uncertainty principle, a lower bound on the standard deviation of relative transverse position \\Delta x_\\perp > \\sqrt{l_PL} or angular orientation \\Delta\\theta > \\sqrt{l_P/L}. The resulting limit on the number of independent degrees of freedom is shown to agree quantitatively with holographic covariant entropy bounds derived from black hole physics and string theory. The theory predicts a universal ``holographic noise'' of spacet...

Hogan, Craig J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Pollution prevention program plan 1996  

SciTech Connect

This plan serves as the principal crosscutting guidance to Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters, Operations Office, laboratory, and contractor management to fully implement pollution prevention programs within the DOE complex between now and 2000. To firmly demonstrate DOE`s commitment to pollution prevention, the Secretary of Energy has established goals, to be achieved by December 31, 1999, that will aggressively reduce DOE`s routine generation of radioactive, mixed, and hazardous wastes, and total releases and offsite transfers of toxic chemicals. The Secretary also has established sanitary waste reduction, recycling, and affirmative procurement goals. Site progress in meeting these goals will be reported annually to the Secretary in the Annual Report on Waste Generation and Waste Minimization Progress, using 1993 as the baseline year. Implementation of this plan will represent a major step toward reducing the environmental risks and costs associated with DOE operations.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Pollution Prevention Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution Prevention Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers Pollution Prevention Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Federal Activities POLLUTION PREVENTION - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REDUCTION CHECKLISTS FOR NEPA/309 REVIEWERS JANUARY 1995 Prepared by SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION 7600-A LEESBURG PIKE FALLS CHURCH, VA 22043 EPA CONTRACT NO. 68-W2-0026 EPA WORK ASSIGNMENT NO. 33-II SAIC PROJECT NO. 01-1030-07-1605-000 Table of Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 What Is Pollution Prevention? 1.2 Why Practice Pollution Prevention? 2.0 INCORPORATING POLLUTION PREVENTION INTO NEPA 3.0 POLLUTION PREVENTION/ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REDUCTION CHECKLISTS FOR NEPA REVIEWERS q Checklist for Energy Management file:///D|/40369.010_EPA%20NEPA%20CD/Old/HTML/Pollprev.htm (1 of 10) [9/11/2002 2:19:58 PM]

130

Reducing indoor residential exposures to outdoor pollutants  

SciTech Connect

The basic strategy for providing indoor air quality in residences is to dilute indoor sources with outdoor air. This strategy assumes that the outdoor air does not have pollutants at harmful levels or that the outdoor air is, at least, less polluted than the indoor air. When this is not the case, different strategies need to be employed to ensure adequate air quality in the indoor environment. These strategies include ventilation systems, filtration and other measures. These strategies can be used for several types of outdoor pollution, including smog, particulates and toxic air pollutants. This report reviews the impacts that typical outdoor air pollutants can have on the indoor environment and provides design and operational guidance for mitigating them. Poor quality air cannot be used for diluting indoor contaminants, but more generally it can become an indoor contaminant itself. This paper discusses strategies that use the building as protection against potentially hazardous outdoor pollutants, including widespread pollutants, accidental events, and potential attacks.

Sherman, Max H.; Matson, Nance E.

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Uniform-distribution attribute noise learnability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of PAC-learning Boolean functions with random attribute noise under the uniform distribution. We define a noisy distance measure for function classes and show that if this measure is small for a class C and an attribute ... Keywords: Fourier analysis, computational learning theory, learning with noise

Nader H. Bshouty; Jeffrey C. Jackson; Christino Tamon

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Multi-class blue noise sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sampling is a core process for a variety of graphics applications. Among existing sampling methods, blue noise sampling remains popular thanks to its spatial uniformity and absence of aliasing artifacts. However, research so far has been mainly focused ... Keywords: blue noise, dart throwing, multi-class, poisson hard/soft disk, relaxation, sampling

Li-Yi Wei

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Possibilistic signal processing: How to handle noise?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel approach for noise quantifier at each location of a signal. This method is based on replacing the conventional kernel-based approach extensively used in signal processing by an approach involving another kind of kernel: a possibility ... Keywords: Choquet integral, Kernel methods, Noise quantization, Possibility distribution, Signal processing

Kevin Loquin; Olivier Strauss; Jean-Francois Crouzet

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

PIXE pollution studies across Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We collected vegetation and soil samples from various locations along a route covering Eastern and Western Europe. We measured the level of elemental pollution in different places uniformly spread across the continent to determine which of them may have common sources. To achieve these objectives, samples were collected along the main roads from Romania to Portugal and analyzed using in-air PEE (Particle-Induced X-ray Emission).

Innegraeve, O.; Blanchet, X.; Muntele, C. I.; Muntele, I. C.; Zimmerman, R. L.; Popa-Simil, L. (Liviu); Voiculescu, D.; Racolta, P. M.; Ila, D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Chaos and noise in galactic potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABBREVIATED ABSTRACT: This paper summarises an investigation of the effects of weak friction and noise in time-independent, nonintegrable potentials which admit both regular and stochastic orbits. The aim is to understand the qualitative effects of internal and external irregularities associated, e.g., with discreteness effects or couplings to an external environment, which stars in any real galaxy must experience. The two principal conclusions are: (1) These irregularities can be important on time scales much shorter than the natural relaxation time scale t_R associated with the friction and noise. For stochastic orbits friction and noise induce an average exponential divergence from the unperturbed Hamiltonian trajectory at a rate set by the value of the local Lyapunov exponent. Even weak noise can make a pointwise interpretation of orbits suspect already on time scales much shorter than t_R. (2) The friction and noise can also have significant effects on the statistical properties of ensembles of stochasti...

Habib, S; Mahon, M E; Habib, Salman; Kandrup, Henry E; Mahon, M Elaine

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Noise-enhanced trapping in chaotic scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that noise enhances the trapping of trajectories in scattering systems. In fully chaotic systems, the decay rate can decrease with increasing noise due to a generic mismatch between the noiseless escape rate and the value predicted by the Liouville measure of the exit set. In Hamiltonian systems with mixed phase space we show that noise leads to a slower algebraic decay due to trajectories performing a random walk inside Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser islands. We argue that these noise-enhanced trapping mechanisms exist in most scattering systems and are likely to be dominant for small noise intensities, which is confirmed through a detailed investigation in the Henon map. Our results can be tested in fluid experiments, affect the fractal Weyl's law of quantum systems, and modify the estimations of chemical reaction rates based on phase-space transition state theory.

Altmann, Eduardo G; 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.244102

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Reducing Indoor Residential Exposures to Outdoor Pollutants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing Indoor Residential Exposures to Outdoor Pollutants Reducing Indoor Residential Exposures to Outdoor Pollutants Title Reducing Indoor Residential Exposures to Outdoor Pollutants Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-51758 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Sherman, Max H., and Nance Matson Start Page Chapter Abstract Basic strategy for providing indoor air quality in residences is to dilute indoor sources with outdoor air. This strategy assumes that the outdoor air does not have pollutants at harmful levels or that the outdoor air is, at least, less polluted than the indoor air. When this is not the case, different strategies need to be employed to ensure adequate air quality in the indoor environment. These strategies include ventilation systems, filtration and other measures. These strategies can be used for several types of outdoor pollution, including smog, particulates and toxic air pollutants. This report reviews the impacts that typical outdoor air pollutants can have on the indoor environment and provides design and operational guidance for mitigating them. Poor quality air cannot be used for diluting indoor contaminants, but more generally it can become an indoor contaminant itself. This paper discusses strategies that use the building as protection against potentially hazardous outdoor pollutants, including widespread pollutants, accidental events, and potential attacks

138

Quantum noise and stochastic reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In standard nonrelativistic quantum mechanics the expectation of the energy is a conserved quantity. It is possible to extend the dynamical law associated with the evolution of a quantum state consistently to include a nonlinear stochastic component, while respecting the conservation law. According to the dynamics thus obtained, referred to as the energy-based stochastic Schrodinger equation, an arbitrary initial state collapses spontaneously to one of the energy eigenstates, thus describing the phenomenon of quantum state reduction. In this article, two such models are investigated: one that achieves state reduction in infinite time, and the other in finite time. The properties of the associated energy expectation process and the energy variance process are worked out in detail. By use of a novel application of a nonlinear filtering method, closed-form solutions--algebraic in character and involving no integration--are obtained for both these models. In each case, the solution is expressed in terms of a random variable representing the terminal energy of the system, and an independent noise process. With these solutions at hand it is possible to simulate explicitly the dynamics of the quantum states of complicated physical systems.

Dorje C. Brody; Lane P. Hughston

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

139

Spacetime Indeterminacy and Holographic Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arguments are presented for a new kind of quantum indeterminacy of transverse position, arising from holographic quantum degrees of freedom of spacetime. Indeterminacy of the angular orientation of particle trajectories due to wave/particle duality at the Planck scale leads to detectable indeterminacy of emergent spacetime over macroscopic distances. Quantum mechanically it can be expressed as a small nonvanishing commutator [ x_1, x_2]=-il_P L_{12} between position operators x_1 and x_2 transverse to a null trajectory at two events with rest frame separation L_{12}, leading to a formal uncertainty relation \\Delta x_1\\Delta x_2> l_P L_{12}/2, where l_P denotes the Planck length. The indeterminacy is interpreted as due to branching of the spacetime metric with spatial and temporal coherence scale ~ L_{12}. This hypothesis is sufficient to account for covariant bounds on entropy and for unitarity in black hole evaporation processes. The indeterminacy results in a universal holographic quantum spacetime noise, w...

Hogan, Craig J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Holographic Indeterminacy, Uncertainty and Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A theory is developed to describe the nonlocal effect of spacetime quantization on position measurements transverse to macroscopic separations. Spacetime quantum states close to a classical null trajectory are approximated by plane wavefunctions of Planck wavelength (l_P) reference beams; these are used to connect transverse position operators at macroscopically separated events. Transverse positions of events with null spacetime separation, but separated by macroscopic spatial distance $L$, are shown to be quantum conjugate observables, leading to holographic indeterminacy and a new uncertainty principle, a lower bound on the standard deviation of relative transverse position \\Delta x_\\perp > \\sqrt{l_PL} or angular orientation \\Delta\\theta > \\sqrt{l_P/L}. The resulting limit on the number of independent degrees of freedom is shown to agree quantitatively with holographic covariant entropy bounds derived from black hole physics and string theory. The theory predicts a universal ``holographic noise'' of spacetime, appearing as shear perturbations with a frequency-independent power spectral density S_H=l_P/c, or in equivalent metric perturbation units, h_{H,rms} \\sqrt{l_P/c} = 2.3 \\times 10^{-22} /\\sqrt{Hz}. If this description of holographic phenomenology is valid, interferometers with current technology could undertake direct quantitative studies of quantum gravity.

Craig J. Hogan

2007-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Spacetime Indeterminacy and Holographic Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new kind of quantum indeterminacy of transverse position is shown to arise from quantum degrees of freedom of spacetime, based on the assumption that classical trajectories can be defined no better than the diffraction limit of Planck scale waves. Indeterminacy of the angular orientation of particle trajectories due to wave/particle duality at the Planck scale leads to indeterminacy of a nearly-flat spacetime metric, described as a small nonvanishing quantum commutation relation between transverse position operators at different events along a null trajectory. An independent derivation of the same effect is presented based on the requirement of unitarity in black hole evaporation. The indeterminacy is interpreted as a universal holographic quantum spacetime noise, with a frequency-independent spectrum of metric perturbation amplitude, h_H^2^{1/2} \\simeq \\sqrt{l_P}=2.3 \\times 10^{-22} /\\sqrt{Hz}, where l_P denotes the Planck length. The effect is estimated to be directly measurable using current interferometer technology similar to LIGO and LISA.

Craig J. Hogan

2007-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

142

Low phase noise, high bandwidth frequency synthesis techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantization noise reduction technique is proposed that allows fractional-N frequency synthesizers to achieve high closed loop bandwidth and low output phase noise simultaneously. Quantization induced phase noise is the ...

Meninger, Scott (Scott Edward), 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Blue whale response to underwater noise from commercial ships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. , 1976. Mechanics of Underwater Noise. Pergamon PressD. , 1993. On ocean underwater ambient noise. AcousticsRichmond, M.E. , 2005. Underwater, low- frequency noise in a

McKenna, Megan Frances

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Noise-based communication and computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the speed-error-heat triangle and related problems with rapidly increasing energy dissipation and error rate during miniaturization. These and the independently growing need of unconditional data security have provoked non-conventional approaches in the physics of informatics. Noise-based informatics is a potentially promising possibility which is the way how biological brains process the information. Recently, it has been shown that thermal noise and its electronically enhanced versions (Johnson-like noises) can be utilized as information carrier with peculiar properties. Relevant examples are Zero power (stealth) communication, Unconditionally secure communication with Johnson(-like) noise and Kirchhoff loop and Noise-driven computing. The zero power communication utilizes the equilibrium background noise in the channel to transfer information. The unconditionally secure communication is based on the properties of Johnson(-like) noise and those of a simple Kirchhoff's loop. The scheme utilizes on the robustness of classical information and the second law of thermodynamics. It uncovers active eavesdropping within a single clock period (no error statistics is required) and it is naturally protected against the man-in-the-middle attack. Further advantages of the scheme is that the circuitry can easily be integrated on computer chips, unconditionally secure computer processors, memories and other hardware can be realized.

Laszlo B. Kish

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

145

Noise-control needs in the developing energy technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The noise characteristics of existing energy conversion technologies, e.g., from obtaining and processing fossil fuels to power plants operations, and of developing energy technologies (wind, geothermal sources, solar energy or fusion systems) are discussed in terms of the effects of noise on humans, animals, structures, and equipment and methods for noise control. Regulations for noise control are described. Recommendations are made for further research on noise control and noise effects. (LCL)

Keast, D.N.

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A Frequency-Domain Silence Noise Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. This paper proposes a simple, computationally efficient 2-mixture model approach to discrimination between speech and background noise. It is directly derived from observations on real data, and can be used in a fully unsupervised manner, with the EM algorithm. A first application to sector-based, joint audio source localization and detection, using multiple microphones, confirms that the model can provide major enhancement. A second application to the single channel speech recognition task in a noisy environment yields major improvement on stationary noise and promising results on non-stationary noise. 2 IDIAP–RR 05-13 1

Guillaume Lathoud A B; Guillaume Lathoud; Mathew Magimai. -doss; Bertrand Mesot

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Optimization of Active Noise Control for Small Axial Cooling Fans.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Previous work has shown that active noise control is a feasible solution to attenuate tonal noise radiated by small axial cooling fans, such as those… (more)

Monson, Brian B 1979-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

W-band Frequency Synthesis and AM/PM Noise ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... W-band Frequency Synthesis and AM/PM Noise Measurement System. ... Dual-channel W-band AM/PM noise measurement system. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

149

Multimedia Impacts of Air Pollutant Controls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With federal and state restrictions on air pollutant emissions growing more stringent, cross-media transfer may increase their concentration in solid waste and wastewater in complex chemical settings that make it difficult to predict pollutant behavior, both within the power plant and in the outside environment. Recent EPRI research addresses these complexities and helps to clarify impacts to solid waste and wastewater resulting from air pollution control operation. The ultimate goal of this ...

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

150

Method oil shale pollutant sorption/NO.sub.x reburning multi-pollutant control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of decreasing pollutants produced in a combustion process. The method comprises combusting coal in a combustion chamber to produce at least one pollutant selected from the group consisting of a nitrogen-containing pollutant, sulfuric acid, sulfur trioxide, carbonyl sulfide, carbon disulfide, chlorine, hydroiodic acid, iodine, hydrofluoric acid, fluorine, hydrobromic acid, bromine, phosphoric acid, phosphorous pentaoxide, elemental mercury, and mercuric chloride. Oil shale particles are introduced into the combustion chamber and are combusted to produce sorbent particulates and a reductant. The at least one pollutant is contacted with at least one of the sorbent particulates and the reductant to decrease an amount of the at least one pollutant in the combustion chamber. The reductant may chemically reduce the at least one pollutant to a benign species. The sorbent particulates may adsorb or absorb the at least one pollutant. A combustion chamber that produces decreased pollutants in a combustion process is also disclosed.

Boardman, Richard D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Carrington, Robert A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

151

Air Pollution Control (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Pollution Control (Oklahoma) Air Pollution Control (Oklahoma) Air Pollution Control (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Fuel Distributor Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Environmental Quality This chapter enumerates primary and secondary ambient air quality standards and the significant deterioration increments. Significant deterioration refers to an increase in ambient air pollution above a baseline plus a specific increment allowed for one of three classes of areas. It is required for potential sources of air contaminants to register with the

152

Economic Development and Pollution Control (Indiana) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in processed materials that may cause pollution. The legislation specifically coal with CSS using coal from Indiana mines as preferable and eligible for financing through bonds...

153

Air Pollution Control (Indiana) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

StateProvince Program Administrator Air Pollution Control Board, Indiana Department of Environmental Management Primary Website http:www.in.govlegislativeiac...

154

COMBUSTION-GENERATED INDOOR AIR POLLUTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pollutants from Indoor Combustion Sources: I. Field Measure-Characteristics in Two Stage Combustion, paper presented atInternational) on Combustion, August, 1974, Tokyo, Japan. 8

Hollowell, C.D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Pollution Prevention Tracking and Reporting System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Welcome to the Department of Energy's Pollution Prevention Tracking and Reporting System (PPTRS). DOE uses this system to collect information about, and assess the performance of, the Department's...

156

Pollutant Discharge Prevention and Control Act (Florida)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Environmental Protection is responsible for enacting regulations to prevent and mitigate the release of pollutants into the land and waters of the state. This legislation...

157

V. Shifts in Governance: Oil Pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the American Oil Pollution Act these costs are included in the term ..... The background of this second objective is that from 1969 to 1972 the proportion.

158

Sandia National Laboratories: Pollution Prevention: Regulatory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

diverting a minimum of 50% of non-hazardous solid waste, and construction and demolition waste. Pollution Prevention Act Department of Energy Strategic Sustainability Performance...

159

Orientation to pollution prevention for facility design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This material was developed to assist engineers in incorporating pollution prevention into the design of new or modified facilities within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The material demonstrates how the design of a facility can affect the generation of waste throughout a facility`s entire life and it offers guidance on how to prevent the generation of waste during design. Contents include: Orientation to pollution prevention for facility design training course booklet; Pollution prevention design guideline; Orientation to pollution prevention for facility design lesson plan; Training participant survey and pretest; and Training facilitator`s guide and schedule.

Raney, E.A.; Whitehead, J.K.; Encke, D.B. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Dorsey, J.A. [Kaiser Engineers Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Pollution Prevention Act (Delaware) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution Prevention Act (Delaware) Pollution Prevention Act (Delaware) Pollution Prevention Act (Delaware) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Delaware Program Type Environmental Regulations This act lays out objectives for pollution prevention, education and outreach. The Department shall create a multimedia waste reduction assistance program to provide technical assistance to targeted industries, focusing on small

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Weather Noise Forcing of Surface Climate Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model-based method to evaluate the role of weather noise forcing of low-frequency variability of surface properties, including SST, surface currents, land surface temperature, and soil moisture, is presented. In this procedure, an “interactive ...

Edwin K. Schneider; Meizhu Fan

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Tropical Convective Variability as 1/f Noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence is presented that the tropical convective variability behaves as 1/f noise for a 1–30-day period. This behavior is shown by analyzing the time series of convective available potential energy, which measures the degree of convective ...

Jun-Ichi Yano; Klaus Fraedrich; Richard Blender

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Separating signal and noise in climate warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11162011 | NR-11-11-03 Separating signal and noise in climate warming Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly A National Oceanic and Atmospheric...

164

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Control Equipment Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Pollution Control Pollution Control Equipment Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Control Equipment Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Control Equipment Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Control Equipment Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Control Equipment Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Control Equipment Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Control Equipment Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Pollution Control Equipment Exemption Dedicated original equipment manufacturer natural gas vehicles and

165

Pollution prevention cost savings potential  

SciTech Connect

The waste generated by DOE facilities is a serious problem that significantly impacts current operations, increases future waste management costs, and creates future environmental liabilities. Pollution Prevention (P2) emphasizes source reduction through improved manufacturing and process control technologies. This concept must be incorporated into DOE`s overall operating philosophy and should be an integral part of Total Quality Management (TQM) program. P2 reduces the amount of waste generated, the cost of environmental compliance and future liabilities, waste treatment, and transportation and disposal costs. To be effective, P2 must contribute to the bottom fine in reducing the cost of work performed. P2 activities at LLNL include: researching and developing innovative manufacturing; evaluating new technologies, products, and chemistries; using alternative cleaning and sensor technologies; performing Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments (PPOAs); and developing outreach programs with small business. Examples of industrial outreach are: innovative electroplating operations, printed circuit board manufacturing, and painting operations. LLNL can provide the infrastructure and technical expertise to address a wide variety of industrial concerns.

Celeste, J.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Quantum capacity of channel with thermal noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum capacity of thermal noise channel is studied. The extremal input state is obtained at the postulation that the coherent information is convex or concave at its vicinity. When the input energy tends to infinitive, it is verified by perturbation theory that the coherent information reaches its maximum at the product of identical thermal state input. The quantum capacity is obtained for lower noise channel and it is equal the one shot capacity.

Xiao-yu Chen

2006-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

167

Combatting urban air pollution through Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) analysis, testing, and demonstration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Deteriorating urban air quality ranks as a top concern worldwide, since air pollution adversely affects both public health and the environment. The outlook for improving air quality in the world`s megacities need not be bleak, however, The use of natural gas as a transportation fuel can measurably reduce urban pollution levels, mitigating chronic threats to health and the environment. Besides being clean burning, natural gas vehicles (NGVs) are economical to operate and maintain. The current cost of natural gas is lower than that of gasoline. Natural gas also reduces the vehicle`s engine wear and noise level, extends engine life, and decreases engine maintenance. Today, about 700,000 NGVs operate worldwide, the majority of them converted from gasoline or diesel fuel. This article discusses the economic, regulatory and technological issues of concern to the NGV industry.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Study of Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-17 June, University of Osnabruck, Germany. 9. Simonite, T., 2005, Anti-terror study tracks gas dispersalStudy of Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Environments Razvan Corneliu Carbunescu Center head: Study of pollutant dispersion in urban environments #12;Abstract Computational simulations can

Allen, Gabrielle

169

Rain noise level measurements in a performing arts center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Noise level measurements made in a performance hall and in related spaces with subjectively described light

Robert C. Coffeen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Noise in current-commutating passive FET mixers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Noise in the mixer of zero-IF receivers can compromise the overall receiver sensitivity. The evolution of a passive CMOS mixer based on the knowledge of the physical mechanisms of noise in an active mixer is explained. Qualitative physical models that ... Keywords: flicker noise, passive mixer, physical mechanism, white noise, zero-IF

Saeed Chehrazi; Ahmad Mirzaei; Asad A. Abidi

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Uniform Transboundary Pollution Reciprocal Access Act (Montana) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Uniform Transboundary Pollution Reciprocal Access Act (Montana) Uniform Transboundary Pollution Reciprocal Access Act (Montana) Uniform Transboundary Pollution Reciprocal Access Act (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Institutional Fuel Distributor Transportation Program Info State Montana Program Type Environmental Regulations This Act allows any entity in a Reciprocating Jurisdiction harmed by pollution originating in the state of Montana to bring an action or other proceeding against the source of that pollution in the state of Montana. Such an entity has the same rights in the state of Montana as they would if

172

Oil Pollution Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pollution Act Pollution Act Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Oil Pollution Act Year 1990 Url OPA.jpg Description The Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990 streamlined and strengthened EPA's ability to prevent and respond to catastrophic oil spills. References OPA[1] Federal Oil and Gas[2] The Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990 streamlined and strengthened EPA's ability to prevent and respond to catastrophic oil spills. A trust fund financed by a tax on oil is available to clean up spills when the responsible party is incapable or unwilling to do so. The OPA requires oil storage facilities and vessels to submit to the federal government response plans detailing how they will respond to large discharges. EPA has published regulations for aboveground storage facilities; the Coast Guard

173

Integrating Pollution Prevention with NEPA Planning Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DATE: REPLY TO ATTN OF: SUBJECT: TO: October 15, 1992 EH-25 Integrating Pollution Prevention with NEPA Planning Activities NEPA Compliance Officers The purpose of this memorandum is to advise you of the direction that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) appear to be taking regarding pollution prevention and NEPA, and to encourage you to use the NEPA process to incorporate pollution prevention principles into the DOE planning and decisionmaking process. The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 affirms Congressional commitment to a new approach in improving environmental quality. The Act establishes as national policy the following hierarchy of actions for environmental protection: 1. prevent or reduce pollution at the source wherever

174

Occupational Noise Exposure and its Potential Health Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This issue brief provides the electric power industry with a snapshot of the current scientific knowledge on worker health and safety risks associated with noise exposure. Noise exposure types are varied and include continuous, intermittent and/or impulse noise. Prolonged occupational exposure to continuous noise or acoustic trauma can cause noise-induced hearing loss. Recent scientific data from the aluminum industry suggest that those exposed below levels requiring hearing protective devices may ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

175

Chaos and Noise in Galactic Potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABBREVIATED ABSTRACT: This paper summarises an investigation of the effects of weak friction and noise in time-independent, nonintegrable potentials which admit both regular and stochastic orbits. The aim is to understand the qualitative effects of internal and external irregularities associated, e.g., with discreteness effects or couplings to an external environment, which stars in any real galaxy must experience. The two principal conclusions are: (1) These irregularities can be important on time scales much shorter than the natural relaxation time scale t_R associated with the friction and noise. For stochastic orbits friction and noise induce an average exponential divergence from the unperturbed Hamiltonian trajectory at a rate set by the value of the local Lyapunov exponent. Even weak noise can make a pointwise interpretation of orbits suspect already on time scales much shorter than t_R. (2) The friction and noise can also have significant effects on the statistical properties of ensembles of stochastic orbits, these also occurring on time scales much shorter than t_R. Potential implications for galactic dynamics are discussed, including the problem of shadowing.

Salman Habib; Henry E. Kandrup; M. Elaine Mahon

1994-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

176

Noise minimization in eukaryotic gene expression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All organisms have elaborate mechanisms to control rates of protein production. However, protein production is also subject to stochastic fluctuations, or noise. Several recent studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Escherichia coli have investigated the relationship between transcription and translation rates and stochastic fluctuations in protein levels, or more generally, how such randomness is a function of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. However, the fundamental question of whether stochasticity in protein expression is generally biologically relevant has not been addressed, and it remains unknown whether random noise in the protein production rate of most genes significantly affects the fitness of any organism. We propose that organisms should be particularly sensitive to variation in the protein levels of two classes of genes: genes whose deletion is lethal to the organism and genes that encode subunits of multiprotein complexes. Using an experimentally verified model of stochastic gene expression in S. cerevisiae, we estimate the noise in protein production for nearly every yeast gene, and confirm our prediction that the production of essential and complex-forming proteins involves lower levels of noise than does the production of most other genes. Our results support the hypothesis that noise in gene expression is a biologically important variable, is generally detrimental to organismal fitness, and is subject to natural selection.

Fraser, Hunter B.; Hirsh, Aaron E.; Giaever, Guri; Kumm, Jochen; Eisen, Michael B.

2004-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 13 - Particulate Emissions...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution Control Regulations: No. 13 - Particulate Emissions from Fossil Fuel Fired Steam or Hot Water Generating Units (Rhode Island) Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 13...

178

Knowledge Partnership for Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Knowledge Partnership for Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Asia...

179

Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone reaction with HVAC filters. Title Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone reaction with HVAC...

180

Water Pollution Control Act (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Pollution Control Act (West Virginia) Water Pollution Control Act (West Virginia) Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Modeling Population Exposures to Pollutants Emitted From Natural...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Population Exposures to Pollutants Emitted From Natural Gas Cooking Burners Title Modeling Population Exposures to Pollutants Emitted From Natural Gas Cooking Burners...

182

Interconnect Coupling Noise in CMOS VLSI Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interconnect between a CMOS driver and re- ceiver can be modeled as a 1ossy transmission line in high speed CMOS VLSI circuits as transition times become comparable to or less than the time of flight delay of the signal through the low resistivity interconnect. In this paper, closed form expressions for the coupling noise between adjacent interconnect are presented to estimate the coupling noise voltage on a quiet line. These expressions are based on an assumption that the interconnections are loosely coupled, where the effect of the coupling noise on the waveform of the active line is small and can be ne- glected. It is demonstrated that the output impedance of the CMOS driver should preferably be comparable to the interconnect impedance in order to reduce the propagation delay of the CMOS driver stage.

Kevin T. Tang; Eby G. Friedman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Chaos and noise in galactic potentials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes an investigation of the effects of weak friction and noise in time-independent, nonintegrable two-dimensional potentials that admit both regular and stochastic orbits. The aim is to understand the qualitative effects of internal and external irregularities associated with discreteness effects or couplings to an external environment, which stars in any real galaxy must experience. It is found that these irregularities can be important already on timescales much shorter than the natural relaxation timescale t{sub R} associated with two-body relaxation. In particular, for stochastic orbits friction and noise result in an exponential divergence from the unperturbed Hamiltonian trajectory, at a rate set by the value of the local Lyapunov exponent, which persists even for relatively large deviations from the unperturbed trajectory. Friction and noise can also have significant effects on the {ital statistical} properties of ensembles of stochastic orbits. Stochastic orbits may be divided into two classes, confined or sticky stochastic orbits which are trapped near islands of regularity, and unconfined or filling stochastic orbits that travel unimpeded throughout a stochastic sea. In the absence of friction and noise, transitions between confined and filling stochastic orbits are very slow. However, even very weak friction and noise can drastically accelerate such transitions, leading to an approach toward a statistical equilibrium on timescales {lt}t{sub R}. In the two-dimensional models studied in this paper, there are cases for which t{sub R} exceeds 10{sup 6} crossing times where friction and noise can induce transitions for more than half the orbits within 100 crossing times, this corresponding in galaxies to a Hubble time t{sub H}. Implications for galactic dynamics are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Astronomical Society}

Habib, S. [T-6, Theoretical Astrophysics, and T-8, Elementary Particles and Field Theory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [T-6, Theoretical Astrophysics, and T-8, Elementary Particles and Field Theory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Kandrup, H.E. [Department of Astronomy and Institute for Fundamental Theory, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Institute for Fundamental Theory, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Mahon, M.E. [Department of Astronomy and Institute for Fundamental Theory, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Institute for Fundamental Theory, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Genetic noise control via protein oligomerization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gene expression in a cell entails random reaction events occurring over disparate time scales. Thus, molecular noise that often results in phenotypic and population-dynamic consequences sets a fundamental limit to biochemical signaling. While there have been numerous studies correlating the architecture of cellular reaction networks with noise tolerance, only a limited effort has been made to understand the dynamical role of protein-protein associations. We have developed a fully stochastic model for the positive feedback control of a single gene, as well as a pair of genes (toggle switch), integrating quantitative results from previous in vivo and in vitro studies. In particular, we explicitly account for the fast protein binding-unbinding kinetics, RNA polymerases, and the promoter/operator sequences of DNA. We find that the overall noise-level is reduced and the frequency content of the noise is dramatically shifted to the physiologically irrelevant high-frequency regime in the presence of protein dimerization. This is independent of the choice of monomer or dimer as transcription factor and persists throughout the multiple model topologies considered. For the toggle switch, we additionally find that the presence of a protein dimer, either homodimer or heterodimer, may significantly reduce its intrinsic switching rate. Hence, the dimer promotes the robust function of bistable switches by preventing the uninduced (induced) state from randomly being induced (uninduced). The specific binding between regulatory proteins provides a buffer that may prevent the propagation of fluctuations in genetic activity. The capacity of the buffer is a non-monotonic function of association-dissociation rates. Since the protein oligomerization per se does not require extra protein components to be expressed, it provides a basis for the rapid control of intrinsic or extrinsic noise. The stabilization of phenotypically important toggle switches, and nested positive feedback loops in general, is of direct implications to organism fitness. Finally, noise control through oligomerization suggests avenues for the design of robust synthetic gene circuits for engineering purposes.

Ghim, C; Almaas, E

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

185

Underwater radiated noise measurements of a noise?reduced research vessel: Comparison between a U.S. Navy noise range and a simple hydrophone mooring.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

[A feasibility study was undertaken to characterize underwater radiated noise for a new class of noise?reduced fisheries research vessels using a field?deployable hydrophone system. Recent studies have demonstrated that vessel?radiated noise can impact the behavior of fish

Alex De Robertis; Christopher D. Wilson; Peter H. Dahl

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Underwater radiated noise measurements of a noise-reduced research vessel: comparison between a US Navy noise range and a simple hydrophone mooring.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A feasibility study was undertaken to characterize underwater radiated noise for a new class of noise-reduced fisheries research vessels using a field-deployable hydrophone system. Recent studies have demonstrated that vessel-radiated noise can impact the behavior of fish

Alex De Robertis; Christopher Wilson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Amplitude modulation of wind turbine noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to swish and thump amplitude modulation, the noise of wind turbines cause more annoyance than other environmental noise of the same average level. The wind shear accounts for the thump modulation (van den Berg effect). Making use of the wind speed measurements at the hub height, as well as at the top and the bottom of the rotor disc (Fig.1), the non-standard wind profile is applied. It causes variations in the A-weighted sound pressure level, LpA. The difference between the maximum and minimum of LpA characterizes thump modulation (Fig.2).

Makarewicz, Rufin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Water Pollution Fee (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Pollution Fee (Michigan) Water Pollution Fee (Michigan) Water Pollution Fee (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Michigan Program Type Fees Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Groundwater Program regulates discharge to groundwater under Part 31, Water Resources Protection, of the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act, 1994 PA 451 and Part 22 Rules. Groundwater staff review

189

Oklahoma Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (OPDES) Standards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oklahoma Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (OPDES) Standards Oklahoma Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (OPDES) Standards (Oklahoma) Oklahoma Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (OPDES) Standards (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality This program of the Water Quality Division of the Department of Environmental Quality sets the point source, biosolids (sewage sludge), and stormwater permitting standards for discharges to the waters of the State

190

Active noise control: A tutorial for HVAC designers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article will identify the capabilities and limitations of ANC in its application to HVAC noise control. ANC can be used in ducted HVAC systems to cancel ductborne, low-frequency fan noise by injecting sound waves of equal amplitude and opposite phase into an air duct, as close as possible to the source of the unwanted noise. Destructive interference of the fan noise and injected noise results in sound cancellation. The noise problems that it solves are typically described as rumble, roar or throb, all of which are difficult to address using traditional noise control methods. This article will also contrast the use of active against passive noise control techniques. The main differences between the two noise control measures are acoustic performance, energy consumption, and design flexibility. The article will first present the fundamentals and basic physics of ANC. The application to real HVAC systems will follow.

Gelin, L.J.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Hybrid regional air pollution models  

SciTech Connect

This discussion deals with a family of air quality models for predicting and analyzing the fine particulate loading in the atmosphere, for assessing the extent and degree of visibility impairment, and for determining the potential of pollutants for increasing the acidity of soils and water. The major horizontal scales of interest are from 400km to 2000km; and the time scales may vary from several hours, to days, weeks, and a few months or years, depending on the EPA regulations being addressed. First the role air quality models play in the general family of atmospheric simulation models is described. Then, the characteristics of a well-designed, comprehensive air quality model are discussed. Following this, the specific objectives of this workshop are outlined, and their modeling implications are summarized. There are significant modeling differences produced by the choice of the coordinate system, whether it be the fixed Eulerian system, the moving Lagrangian system, or some hybrid of the two. These three systems are briefly discussed, and a list of hybrid models that are currently in use are given. Finally, the PNL regional transport model is outlined and a number of research needs are listed.

Drake, R.L.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Supercomputers: Super-polluters? Datacenters Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

includes: · Free Cooling - Free cooling is the use of outside air- or water-side cooling via cooling towers and $112.7 million. These values are for the IT equipment only, i.e. excluding cooling. 1 Wehner, M, L--would not be unusual for a contemporary supercomputing facility. Meanwhile, rising cooling demand is driving the up

Lee, Jason R.

193

Los Alamos wins 2008 Pollution Prevention awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 Pollution Prevention awards 2008 Pollution Prevention awards Los Alamos wins 2008 Pollution Prevention awards Winner of two Best-in-Class Pollution Prevention awards and six Environmental Stewardship awards from the National Nuclear Security Administration. February 7, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

194

Air Pollution- Local Air Quality (Ontario, Canada)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Air Pollution regulation administered by the Ministry of the Environment enforces compliance to the standards set in the Ontario law. The law is phased in, with portions taking effect in 2010,...

195

Air Pollution Emissions and Abatement (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A person who controls the source of an emission must notify the Pollution Control Agency immediately of excessive or abnormal unpermitted emissions, and must take immediate or reasonable steps to...

196

Pollution Prevention Applications for Solvent Use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are working to eliminate or minimize the production of waste in power plant and auxiliary operations. This report presents a six-step process for pollution prevention and case studies with five utilities demonstrating successful applications for solvent uses.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

197

Air Pollution Control Rules (West Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The listed rules were enacted as directed by the Air Pollution Control Act. Together, these rules guide the monitoring, permitting and compliance enforcement of air quality in the state.

198

Remote Sensing of Tropospheric Pollution from Space  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the progress of tropospheric trace gas observations and address the need for additional measurement capabilities as recommended by the National Research Council. Tropospheric measurements show pollution in the Northern Hemisphere as a ...

Jack Fishman; Jassim A. Al-Saadi; John K. Creilson; Kevin W. Bowman; John P. Burrows; Andreas Richter; Kelly V. Chance; David P. Edwards; Randall V. Martin; Gary A. Morris; R. Bradley Pierce; Jerald R. Ziemke; Todd K. Schaack; Anne M. Thompson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Effects of Air Pollution Control on Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban air pollution and climate are closely connected due to shared generating processes (e.g., combustion) for emissions of the driving gases and aerosols. They are also connected because the atmospheric lifecycles of ...

Prinn, Ronald G.

200

State-Space Modeling for Atmospheric Pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two different aspect concerning the state-space modeling for atmospheric pollution are dealt with separately in this paper: (i) the treatment of the advection-diffusion equation and (ii) the use of time series analysis.

E. Hernández; F. Martín; F. Valero

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Digitization Noise in Power Spectral Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well-known that the digitization noise variance is ?2/12 for a continuous time series sampled with the signal resolution ?. It is also generally accepted that this variance often has a white-power spectral density. We have examined in ...

L. Kristensen; P. Kirkegaard

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment for organization 1700.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico Organization 1700 in June, 2006. The primary purpose of this PPOA is to provide recommendations to assist Organization 1700 in reducing the generation of waste and improving the efficiency of their processes and procedures. This report contains a summary of the information collected, analyses performed and recommended options for implementation. The Sandia National Laboratories Pollution Prevention staff will continue to work with Organization 1700 to implement the recommendations.

Gerard, Morgan Evan

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Abatement of Air Pollution: Air Pollution Control Equipment and Monitoring Equipment Operation (Connecticut)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations contain instructions for the operation and monitoring of air pollution control equipment, as well as comments on procedures in the event of equipment breakdown, failure, and...

204

Mississippi Regulations For the Prevention of Air Pollution Emergency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

For the Prevention of Air Pollution For the Prevention of Air Pollution Emergency Episodes (Mississippi) Mississippi Regulations For the Prevention of Air Pollution Emergency Episodes (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Climate Policies Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Quality The purpose of the Mississippi Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution Emergency Episodes is to prevent the excessive buildup of air pollutants during air pollution episodes, thus preventing the occurrence of an emergency due to the effects of these pollutants of the health of

205

Noise Reduction with Microphone Arrays for Speaker Identification  

SciTech Connect

Reducing acoustic noise in audio recordings is an ongoing problem that plagues many applications. This noise is hard to reduce because of interfering sources and non-stationary behavior of the overall background noise. Many single channel noise reduction algorithms exist but are limited in that the more the noise is reduced; the more the signal of interest is distorted due to the fact that the signal and noise overlap in frequency. Specifically acoustic background noise causes problems in the area of speaker identification. Recording a speaker in the presence of acoustic noise ultimately limits the performance and confidence of speaker identification algorithms. In situations where it is impossible to control the environment where the speech sample is taken, noise reduction filtering algorithms need to be developed to clean the recorded speech of background noise. Because single channel noise reduction algorithms would distort the speech signal, the overall challenge of this project was to see if spatial information provided by microphone arrays could be exploited to aid in speaker identification. The goals are: (1) Test the feasibility of using microphone arrays to reduce background noise in speech recordings; (2) Characterize and compare different multichannel noise reduction algorithms; (3) Provide recommendations for using these multichannel algorithms; and (4) Ultimately answer the question - Can the use of microphone arrays aid in speaker identification?

Cohen, Z

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

206

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Prevention Grants Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Pollution Prevention Pollution Prevention Grants Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Prevention Grants Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Prevention Grants Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Prevention Grants Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Prevention Grants Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Prevention Grants Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pollution Prevention Grants Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Pollution Prevention Grants Program The Pollution Prevention (P2) Grants Program supports state and tribal

207

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Pollution Control Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Air Pollution Control Air Pollution Control Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Pollution Control Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Pollution Control Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Pollution Control Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Pollution Control Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Pollution Control Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Air Pollution Control Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Air Pollution Control Program The Air Pollution Control Program assists state, local, and tribal agencies in planning, developing, establishing, improving, and maintaining adequate

208

Uniform-Distribution Attribute Noise Learnability Nader H. Bshouty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Shackelford and Volper [10] for the case of k-DNF expressions. Their uniform attribute noise model consists] that is the same for every attribute. While Shackelford and Volper assumed that the learner knows the noise rate p

Jackson, Jeffrey

209

Effects of Noise on Thorpe Scales and Run Lengths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimating the diapycnal mixing rate from standard CTD data by identifying overturning regions in the water column (the Thorpe-scale approach) provides good spatial and temporal coverage but is sometimes limited by instrument noise. This noise ...

Helen L. Johnson; Chris Garrett

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Random Offset Curves and Surfaces with Controllable Noise (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

similar complex patterns often being able to be defined with the gradient noise functions. PORN is defined by replacing a static offset distance in a general offset with a gradient noise function. For example, PORN

Lee, In-Kwon

211

Correlations between Ambient Noise and the Ocean Surface Wave Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the ambient noise spectrum level N with simultaneous, coincident wind and wave measurements were made from RP FLIP in fall 1991. The measurements were designed to investigate the correlation between the ambient noise and relevant ...

Francis C. Felizardo; W. Kendall Melville

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Application of a computer model for predicting remote noise levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prediction of noise levels at selected remote locations is an integral part of estimating the environmental impact of new stationary sources or of noise reduction for existing facilities. A three?dimensional computermodel

S. H. Judd; S. L. Dryden

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Modeling and managing separation for noise abatement arrival procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aircraft noise is a significant concern to communities near airports, and therefore a constraint to the growth of aviation. Advanced noise abatement approach and arrival procedures have been shown in previous studies and ...

Ren, Liling

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Optomechanical entanglement in the presence of laser phase noise  

SciTech Connect

We study the simplest optomechanical system in the presence of laser phase noise (LPN) using the covariance matrix formalism. We show that for any LPN model with a finite correlation time, the destructive effect of the phase noise is especially strong in the bistable regime. This explains why ground-state cooling is still possible in the presence of phase noise, as it happens far away from the bistable regime. We also show that the optomechanical entanglement is strongly affected by phase noise.

Ghobadi, R. [Institute for Quantum Information Science and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4 (Canada); Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Bahrampour, A. R. [Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Simon, C. [Institute for Quantum Information Science and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4 (Canada)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Noise Interaction Between Power Distribution Grids and Substrate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated the interaction between power delivery and substrate coupling in terms of noise. From our results, we identify that an increased density of substrate contacts does not to any significance decrease noise on the power supply lines. ... Keywords: Substrate noise, power supply

Daniel A. Andersson; Simon Kristiansson; Lars J. Svensson; Per Larsson-Edefors; Kjell O. Jeppson

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Determination of parameters of a nuclear reactor through noise measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measuring parameters of a nuclear reactor by noise measurements is described. Noise signals are developed by the detectors placed in the reactor core. The polarity coincidence between the noise signals is used to develop quantities from which various parameters of the reactor can be calculated. (auth)

Cohn, C.E.

1975-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Influence of refraction on wind turbine noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A semi-empirical method is applied to calculate the time-average sound level of wind turbine noise generation and propagation. Both are affected by wind shear refraction. Under upwind conditions the partially ensonified zone separates the fully ensonified zone (close to the turbine) and the shadow zone (far away from the turbine). Refraction is described in terms of the wind speed linear profile fitted to the power law profile. The rotating blades are treated as a two-dimensional circular source in the vertical plane. Inside the partially ensonified zone the effective A-weighted sound power decreases to zero when the receiver moves from the turbine toward the shadow zone. The presented results would be useful in practical applications to give a quick estimate of the effect of refraction on wind turbine noise.

Makarewicz, Rufin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Low Noise Borehole Triaxial Seismometer Phase II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the preliminary design and the effort to date of Phase II of a Low Noise Borehole Triaxial Seismometer for use in networks of seismic stations for monitoring underground nuclear explosions. The design uses the latest technology of broadband seismic instrumentation. Each parameter of the seismometer is defined in terms of the known physical limits of the parameter. These limits are defined by the commercially available components, and the physical size constraints. A theoretical design is proposed, and a preliminary prototype model of the proposed instrument has been built. This prototype used the sensor module of the KS2000. The installation equipment (hole locks, etc.) has been designed and one unit has been installed in a borehole. The final design of the sensors and electronics and leveling mechanism is in process. Noise testing is scheduled for the last quarter of 2006.

Kerr, James D; McClung, David W

2006-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

219

Nonequilibrium noise in electrophoresis: the microion wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze theoretically the dynamics of a single colloidal particle in an externally applied electric field. The thermal motions of microions lead to an anisotropic, nonequilibrium source of noise, pro- portional to the field, in the effective Langevin equation for the colloid. The fluctuation-dissipation ratio depends strongly on frequency, and the colloid if displaced from its steady-state position relaxes with a velocity not proportional to the gradient of the logarithm of the steady-state probability.

Suropriya Saha; Sriram Ramaswamy

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

220

Effect of personal and situational variables on noise annoyance: With special reference to implications for en route noise. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Over 680 publications from 282 social surveys of residents' reactions to environmental noise have been examined to locate 495 published findings on 26 topics concerning non-noise explanations for residents' reactions to environmental noise. This report (1) tabulates the evidence on the 26 response topics, (2) identifies the 495 findings, and (3) discusses the implications for en route noise assessment. After controlling for noise level, over half of the social survey evidence indicates that noise annoyance is not strongly affected by any of the nine demographic variables examined (age, sex, social status, income, education, homeownership, type of dwelling, length of residence, or receipt of benefits from the noise source), but is positively associated with each of the five attitudinal variables examined (a fear of danger from the noise source, a sensitivity towards noise generally, the belief that the authorities can control the noise, the awareness of non-noise impacts of the source, and the belief that the noise source is not important).

Not Available

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Water Efficient and Low Pollution Textile Industry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative and Emerging Technologies for an Energy Efficient Alternative and Emerging Technologies for an Energy Efficient Water Efficient and Low Pollution Textile Industry year month institution Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory address Berkeley abstract p Emerging energy efficiency greenhouse gas GHG and pollution mitigation technologies will be crucial for the textile industry as it responds to population and economic growth that is expected to spur a rapid increase in textile consumption over the coming decades and a corresponding increase in the industry textquoteright s absolute energy use and GHG and other pollutant emissions This report gives an overview of textile industry processes and compiles available information on the energy savings environmental and other benefits costs commercialization status and references for emerging technologies to reduce the industry

222

Waste minimization and pollution prevention awareness plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this plan is to document the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program. The plan specifies those activities and methods that are or will be employed to reduce the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated at the site. The intent of this plan is to respond to and comply with (DOE's) policy and guidelines concerning the need for pollution prevention. The Plan is composed of a LLNL Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program Plan and, as attachments, Program- and Department-specific waste minimization plans. This format reflects the fact that waste minimization is considered a line management responsibility and is to be addressed by each of the Programs and Departments. 14 refs.

Not Available

1991-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

223

Lab wins six NNSA Pollution Prevention awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab wins six NNSA Pollution Prevention awards Lab wins six NNSA Pollution Prevention awards Lab wins six NNSA Pollution Prevention awards The Laboratory has captured awards for projects ranging from energy savings to creating fuels from algae. March 7, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Fred deSousa Communications Office

224

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this plan is to document Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) projections for present and future waste minimization and pollution prevention. The plan specifies those activities and methods that are or will be used to reduce the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated at the site. It is intended to satisfy Department of Energy (DOE) requirements. This Plan provides an overview of projected activities from FY 1994 through FY 1999. The plans are broken into site-wide and problem-specific activities. All directorates at LLNL have had an opportunity to contribute input, to estimate budget, and to review the plan. In addition to the above, this plan records LLNL`s goals for pollution prevention, regulatory drivers for those activities, assumptions on which the cost estimates are based, analyses of the strengths of the projects, and the barriers to increasing pollution prevention activities.

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Appendix C Draft Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C C Draft Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix C Draft Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan Cover with Template.doc DRAFT Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan CAPE WIND ENERGY PROJECT BARNSTABLE AND YARMOUTH, MASSACHUSETTS PREPARED FOR Cape Wind Associates, LLC 75 Arlington Street, Suite 704 Boston, MA 02116 PREPARED BY ESS Group, Inc. 888 Worcester Street, Suite 240 Wellesley, Massachusetts 02482 Project No. E159-000 November 29, 2006 ESS Group, Inc. © 2006 - This document or any part may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming, and recording without the express written consent of ESS Group,

226

Air Pollution Control (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Pollution Control (Michigan) Air Pollution Control (Michigan) Air Pollution Control (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Michigan Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality This rule requires an annual report from a commercial, industrial, or governmental source of emission of an air contaminant if, in the judgment of the Department, information on the quantity and composition of an air

227

Water Pollution Control Act (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution Control Act (Minnesota) Pollution Control Act (Minnesota) Water Pollution Control Act (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting This Act gives the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency broad responsibility to establish pollution standards for state waters; monitor water conditions and sources of pollution; review construction, installation, and

228

Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama) Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama) Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive The Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction allows businesses to deduct from their Alabama net worth the net amount invested in all devices, facilities, or structures, and all identifiable components or materials for use therein, that are located in Alabama and are acquired or constructed primarily for the control, reduction, or elimination of air, ground, or water pollution or radiological hazards where such pollution or

229

WA_02_009_CONSOL_ENERGY_Multi_Pollutant_Emissions_Control-CL...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

02009CONSOLENERGYMultiPollutantEmissionsControl-CL.pdf WA02009CONSOLENERGYMultiPollutantEmissionsControl-CL.pdf WA02009CONSOLENERGYMultiPollutantEmissionsCon...

230

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this plan is to document the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program. The plan specifies those activities and methods that are or will be employed to reduce the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated at the site. It is intended to satisfy Department of Energy (DOE) and other legal requirements that are discussed in Section C, below. The Pollution Prevention Awareness Program is included with the Waste Minimization Program as suggested by DOE Order 5400.1. The intent of this plan is to respond to and comply with the Department`s policy and guidelines concerning the need for pollution prevention. The Plan is composed of a LLNL Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program Plan and, as attachments, Directorate-, Program- and Department-specific waste minimization plans. This format reflects the fact that waste minimization is considered a line management responsibility and is to be addressed by each of the Directorates, Programs and Departments. Several Directorates have been reorganized, necessitating changes in the Directorate plans that were published in 1991.

Not Available

1992-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

231

Ionizing wet scrubber for air pollution control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air pollution control equipment manufacturers are continually developing sophisticated systems designed to dramatically reduce plant emissions. One such system, the ionizing wet scrubber (IWS), has demonstrated outstanding air pollution control characteristics while meeting the challenge of energy efficiency. The IWS system removes fine solid and liquid particulate down to 0.05 micron at high collection efficiencies and low energy comsumption. It also simultaneously removes noxious, corrosive and odor-bearing gases from flue gas streams as well as coarse particulate matter above 1 micron in diameter. Due to its simplified design and low pressure drop, operating energy costs of the IWS are only a fraction of those for alternative air pollution control equipment. Pressure drop through a single-stage IWS is only 0.5 to 1.5 in. Water (125 to 374 pa) column and is controlled primarily by pressure drop through the wet scrubber section. Total system energy usage is approximately 2.0-2.5 bhp/1,000 actual ft/sup 3//min (0.7-0.9 kw/m/sup 3//min) for a single-stage IWS and 4.0-5.0 bhp/1,000 actual ft/sup 3//min for a two-stage installation. These energy requirements represent a significant savings as opposed to other air pollution control systems such as Venturi scrubbers.

Sheppard, S.V.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Climate change impact assessment of air pollution levels in bulgaria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The presented work is aiming at climate change impacts and vulnerability assessment in Bulgaria Climate change may affect exposures to air pollutants by affecting weather and thereby local and regional pollution concentrations Local weather patterns ...

D. Syrakov; M. Prodanova; N. Miloshev; K. Ganev; G. Jordanov; V. Spiridonov; A. Bogatchev; E. Katragkou; D. Melas; A. Poupkou; K. Markakis

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tennessee Reduces Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on AddThis.com... Dec. 11, 2010 Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys

234

Carbon Pollution Being Captured, Stored and Used to Produce More...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Pollution Being Captured, Stored and Used to Produce More Domestic Oil Carbon Pollution Being Captured, Stored and Used to Produce More Domestic Oil May 10, 2013 - 11:38am...

235

Comparison Between Polluted and Clean Air Masses over Lake Michigan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clean and polluted air masses, advected over Lake Michigan, were studied using instrumented aircraft during the summers of 1976 and 1978. The results show that regardless of the degree of pollution, the particle size distribution is bimodal. The ...

A. J. Alkezweeny; N. S. Laulainen

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Impact on Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

237

Turbulence ingestion noise of open rotors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

liners, which play a crucial role in specific tone reduction for turbofans, cannot of course be used to attenuate noise from these rotors. General Electric (GE) in the US began an in-house ‘UnDucted Fan’ (UDF) research programme in 1983 and also... ), has established ambitious targets for new aircraft entering service in 2020, compared to those entering service in 2000, of a 50% reduction in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions per passenger kilometre (of which 20%, that is just under half...

Robison, Rosalyn Aruna Venner

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

238

Noise Traders, Market Sentiment, and Futures Price Behavior by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The noise trader sentiment model of De Long, Shleifer, Summers, and Waldmann (1990a) is applied to futures markets. The theoretical results predict that overly optimistic (pessimistic) noise traders result in market prices that are greater (less) than fundamental value. Thus, returns can be predicted using the level of noise trader sentiment. The null rational expectations hypothesis is tested against the noise trader alternative using a commercial market sentiment index as a proxy for noise trader sentiment. Fama-MacBeth cross-sectional regressions test if noise traders create a systematic bias in futures prices. The time-series predictability of futures returns using known sentiment levels is tested in a Cumby-Modest market timing framework and a more general causality specification. The empirical results lead to the following conclusions. First, there is no evidence that noise trader sentiment creates a systematic bias in futures prices. Second, predictable market returns using noise trader sentiment is not characteristic of futures markets in general. Third, futures market returns at weekly intervals are characterized by low-order positive autocorrelation with relatively small autoregressive parameters. In those instances where there is evidence of noise trader effects, it is at best limited to isolated markets and particular specifications. Noise Traders, Market Sentiment, and Futures Price Behavior

Dwight R. S; Scott H. Irwin; Raymond M. Leuthold; Dwight R. S; Ers Is Manager

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Sociopsychological factors affecting the human response to noise exposure  

SciTech Connect

Community noise is reported to be the most often mentioned undesirable neighborhood condition in a recent US Census survey. Understanding community response to noise involves the measurement of a number of complex acoustic and nonacoustic variables and establishing the chain of relationships between physical exposure, perception, annoyance, and acceptability responses and finally complaint behavior. The perceived loudness of a noise is the most important acoustic parameter influencing annoyance and complaints, and the simple dBA unit can be used to integrate spectral characteristics of complex sounds in community studies. Although energy averaging such as Leq or Ldn can be used to describe multiple noise exposures over time, the variable trade-off relationships between number and level of exposures are somewhat obscured by such summary measures. However, they are still the best available descriptors and, until more accurate ones are developed, can be used to measure community noise environments. Perception of an identical noise exposure can vary according to the physiological noise sensitivity of a person and the activity context in which the noise is heard. Although the acoustic quality of the noise itself usually explains about 10 to 25 per cent of the variability in annoyance responses, sociopsychological variables measured in field studies account for 35 to 50 per cent of the variations in human annoyance responses. Three of the most important nonacoustic factors are the connotative fear effects of the noise signal, the feeling that those responsible for the noise are misfeasant in not reducing the noise, and the feeling that harmful health effects are produced by the noise.

Borsky, P.N.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

On the dynamics of the regulation of pollution: Incentive compatible regulation of a persistent pollutant  

SciTech Connect

Consider the optimal regulation of a persistent pollutant. Because the pollutant is persistent, the levels of pollution in neighboring periods are causally related, and it is necessary to determine an optimal trajectory of emissions. The optimal level of emissions in any period depends on the costs to reduce emissions, but these costs are generally private information to the polluting firms. A regulatory agency may solicit firms` cost functions, but if the firms know how the agency will use the information they provide, they may have an incentive to lie. Hence the agency`s problem is to design a regulatory scheme that elicits truthful responses from firms and achieves the optimal trajectory of emissions. This paper describes such a scheme, the extension to a dynamic setting of a scheme found by Evan Kwerel. The purpose of this paper is to describe this dynamic Kwerel scheme, derive its properties, and describe the associated trajectory of emissions.

Benford, F.A. [Forest Service, Corvallis, OR (United States). Pacific NW Research Station

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Quantifying the Air Pollution Exposure Consequences of Distributed Electricity Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

history of concern about such emissions has led to significant improvements in the polluting characteristics of electricity generation

Heath, Garvin A.; Granvold, Patrick W.; Hoats, Abigail S.; Nazaroff, William W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Removing Pollutants from Water, Solar Energy - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 5, 2013 ... B. Materials for the Environment: Removing Pollutants from Water, Solar Energy Program Organizers: Fernand Marquis, Naval Postgraduate ...

243

Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) Eligibility Agricultural Commercial...

244

Ozone, Air Pollution, and Respiratory Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Of the outdoor air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act of 1970 (and recently revised in 1990), ozone has been the one pollutant most difficult to control within the federal standards. The known human health effects are all on the respiratory system. At concentrations of ozone which occur during summer air-pollution episodes in many urban metropolitan areas of the United States, a portion of the healthy population is likely to experience symptoms and reversible effects on lung function, particularly if exercising heavily outdoors. More prolonged increase in airway responsiveness and the presence of inflammatory cells and mediators in the airway lining fluid may also result from these naturally occurring exposures. Serial exposures to peak levels of ozone on several consecutive days are more characteristic of pollution episodes in the Northeast United States and may be associated with recurrent symptoms. No "high-risk " or more sensitive group has been found, in contrast to the case of sulfur dioxide, to which asthmatics are more susceptible than normals. The occurrence of multiple exposure episodes within a single year over many years in some areas of California has led to studies looking for chronic effects of ozone exposure on the lung. To date, no conclusive studies have been reported, although further work is under way. Much of what we know about the effects of this gas on the lung are based on controlled exposures to pure gas within an environmental exposure laboratory. Interactions between substances which commonly co-occur in air-pollution episodes are also under investigation.

William S

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Computation of pollutant dispersion during an airplane take-off  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fact that airports contribute to the downgrading of the air quality of the nearby cities arouses the interest of examining the planes' emissions and dispersion in detail. Hence this study focuses on a single take-off and investigates the pollutant ... Keywords: Airplane take-off, Computational fluid dynamics, NOx, Optical pollution measurement, Pollutant dispersion

N. Koutsourakis; J. G. Bartzis; A. Venetsanos; S. Rafailidis

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

On the sulphur pollution over the balkan region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EMAP (Eulerian Model for Air Pollution) model is used to estimate the sulphur pollution over the Balkan region for 1995. A sub-domain of the standard EMEP grid is chosen containing all 12 Balkan countries. The computational grid in this domain has ... Keywords: PBL- model, air pollution, dispersion modelling, sulphur dioxideblame matrix

Hristo Chervenkov; Dimiter Syrakov; Maria Prodanova

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Modelling the sensitivity to various factors of shipborne pollutant discharges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the marine pollution attributable to ship actions is associated with the illicit discharge of oily residues or ballast water, in what is commonly termed operational pollution. In the particular case of ballast water, careless disposal can lead ... Keywords: Ebro delta, Moving sources, Numerical modelling, Shipborne pollution

Marc Mestres; Joan Pau Sierra; César Mösso; Agustín Sánchez-Arcilla

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Coating thermal noise of a finite-size cylindrical mirror  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal noise of a mirror is one of the limiting noise sources in the high precision measurement such as gravitational-wave detection, and the modeling of thermal noise has been developed and refined over a decade. In this paper, we present a derivation of coating thermal noise of a finite-size cylindrical mirror based on the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. The result agrees to a previous result with an infinite-size mirror in the limit of large thickness, and also agrees to an independent result based on the mode expansion with a thin-mirror approximation. Our study will play an important role not only to accurately estimate the thermal-noise level of gravitational-wave detectors but also to help analyzing thermal noise in quantum-measurement experiments with lighter mirrors.

Kentaro Somiya; Kazuhiro Yamamoto

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

249

Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant EPIs Commercial Food Service About ENERGY STAR Partner Resources You are here Home Buildings & Plants Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of...

250

Noise control technology for generator sets in enclosures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The health and life of human beings are affected by loud noise ..... error acoustic path was presented, and a feedback loud- speaker was used not only as the ...

251

Cell Voltage Noise Reduction Based on Wavelet in Aluminum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Cell Voltage Noise Reduction Based on Wavelet in Aluminum ... cell voltage signals collected in aluminium electrolysis process are with high ...

252

Some noise control problems peculiar to nuclear generating facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to confidently predict the noise environment in a nuclear generating facility presently under construction is complicated by the design constraints of physical layout

Robert A. Putnam

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Pulsed X-Band PM/AM Noise Measurement Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the NIST Phase Noise Group has developed a second generation dual-channel ... approach uses a calibrated amount of offset signal power that can ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

254

Depth profiling ambient noise in the deep ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic Ambient Noise in the Ocean: Spectra and Sources,"and Osterhus, S. (1999). "Ocean Ambient Sound Instrumenta Subsurface Package," J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 16, 1118-1126.

Barclay, David Readshaw

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Enabling Green Energy and Propulsion Systems via Direct Noise...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Umesh Paliath, GE Global Research; Joe Insley, Argonne National Laboratory Enabling Green Energy and Propulsion Systems via Direct Noise Computation PI Name: Umesh Paliath PI...

256

Enabling Green Energy and Propulsion Systems via Direct Noise...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GE propulsion systems Enabling Green Energy and Propulsion Systems via Direct Noise Computation PI Name: Umesh Paliath PI Email: paliath@ge.com Institution: GE Global Research...

257

Assessing the Impacts of Reduced Noise Operations of Wind Turbines...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LBNL-3562E Assessing the Impacts of Reduced Noise Operations of Wind Turbines on Neighbor Annoyance: A Preliminary Analysis in Vinalhaven, Maine Ben Hoen, Haftan Eckholdt, and Ryan...

258

Active control of fan noise and vortex shedding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] The subject of fan noise generating mechanisms and its control has been studied intensively over the past few decades as a result of… (more)

Wong, Yee-Jun

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Spin Noise Exchange in Coupled Alkali-Metal Vapors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physics of spin exchange collisions has fueled a large number of discoveries in fundamental physics, chemistry and biology, and has led to several applications in medical imaging and nuclear magnetic resonance. We here report on the experimental observation and theoretical justification of a novel effect, the transfer of spin noise from one atomic species to another, through the mechanism of spin exchange. Essentially, we extend the foundational studies of spin exchange into the deeper layer of quantum fluctuations. The signature of spin noise exchange is an increase of the total spin noise power at low magnetic fields where the two-species spin noise resonances overlap.

A. T. Dellis; M. Loulakis; I. K. Kominis

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

260

High Tc SQUID Circuits Suppress Intrinsic Magnetic Field Noise  

John Clarke and colleagues at Berkeley Lab have eliminated excess low frequency noise in high-transition temperature (Tc) superconducting quantum ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Memorandum to Heads of Federal Departments and Agencies Regarding Pollution  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum to Heads of Federal Departments and Agencies Regarding Memorandum to Heads of Federal Departments and Agencies Regarding Pollution Prevention and the National Environmental Policy Act Memorandum to Heads of Federal Departments and Agencies Regarding Pollution Prevention and the National Environmental Policy Act This memorandum provides guidance to the federal agencies on incorporating pollution prevention principles, techniques, and mechanisms into their planning and decisionmaking processes and evaluating and reporting those efforts in documents prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act. Memorandum to Heads of Federal Departments and Agencies Regarding Pollution Prevention and the National Environmental Policy Act More Documents & Publications Integrating Pollution Prevention with NEPA Planning Activities

262

Statistical Methods for Environmental Pollution Monitoring  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

f!\Jl~~ If & &0 f!\Jl~~ If & &0 :3 Statistical Methods for Environmental Pollution Monitoring 3 3679 00058 9400 Statistical Methods for Environmental Pollution Monitoring Richard O. Gilbert Pacific Northwest Laboratory Imi5l VAN NOSTRAND REINHOLD COMPANY ~ - - - - - - - New York Dedicated to my parents, Mary Margaret and Donald I. Gilbert Copyright © 1987 by Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 86-26758 ISBN 0-442-23050-8 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC06-76RLOI830. All rights reserved. No part of this work covered by the copyright hereon may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means-graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, or

263

Gas ranges: latest indoor pollution target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although a National Research Council study claims that unvented gas cooking and heating appliance are probably responsible for a large portions of the nitrogen dioxide exposures in the population, the data base for gas-stove emissions is actually too limited to be conclusive. The problem of indoor pollution more likely rests with the increased airtightness of houses rather than with gas combustion. In the last 5 years, the normal air flow in new houses has been reduced 80% through new insulation and building techniques designed to lower heating and cooling costs. Other elements contributing to indoor pollution are much more hazardous than gas combustion products: radon gas from the soil, formaldehyde for insulation and construction materials, and toxic chemicals from household aerosols and solvents.

O'Sullivan, S.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Indoor air pollution: a new concern  

SciTech Connect

Radon, asbestos, and formaldehyde are emerging as major health hazards because home-winterization efforts are trapping toxic agents indoors. Other pollution sources, such as tobacco smoke and unvented heating units, also lower indoor air quality. Radon decay products present in the structural materials of well-insulated homes are linked to lung-cancer deaths. Exposure to asbestos fibers has been identified as a problem in many school buildings, while physical discomfort caused by urea-formaldehyde foam insulation has affected the health of many homeowners. The Environmental Protection Agency is collecting and disseminating information to help local officials and homeowners understand the risks and is urging building auditors to inform clients about indoor air pollution. (DCK)

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Integrating Pollution Prevention with NEPA Planning Activities | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrating Pollution Prevention with NEPA Planning Activities Integrating Pollution Prevention with NEPA Planning Activities Integrating Pollution Prevention with NEPA Planning Activities The purpose of this memorandum is to advise you of the direction that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) appear to be taking regarding pollution prevention and NEPA, and to encourage the use of the NEPA process to incorporate pollution prevention principles into the DOE planning and decisionmaking process. Integrating Pollution Prevention with NEPA Planning Activities More Documents & Publications Memorandum to Heads of Federal Departments and Agencies Regarding Pollution Prevention and the National Environmental Policy Act Guidance Regarding NEPA Regulations DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents

266

Processing data base information having nonwhite noise  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for processing a set of data from an industrial process and/or a sensor. The method and system can include processing data from either real or calculated data related to an industrial process variable. One of the data sets can be an artificial signal data set generated by an autoregressive moving average technique. After obtaining two data sets associated with one physical variable, a difference function data set is obtained by determining the arithmetic difference between the two pairs of data sets over time. A frequency domain transformation is made of the difference function data set to obtain Fourier modes describing a composite function data set. A residual function data set is obtained by subtracting the composite function data set from the difference function data set and the residual function data set (free of nonwhite noise) is analyzed by a statistical probability ratio test to provide a validated data base.

Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Morreale, Patricia (Park Ridge, IL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Probabilistic Noise Identification and Data Cleaning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real world data is never as perfect as we would like it to be and can often suffer from corruptions that may impact interpretations of the data, models created from the data, and decisions made based on the data. One approach to this problem is to identify and remove records that contain corruptions. Unfortunately, if only certain fields in a record have been corrupted then usable, uncorrupted data will be lost. In this paper we present LENS, an approach for identifying corrupted fields and using the remaining noncorrupted fields for subsequent modeling and analysis. Our approach uses the data to learn a probabilistic model containing three components: a generative model of the clean records, a generative model of the noise values, and a probabilistic model of the corruption process. We provide an algorithm for the unsupervised discovery of such models and empirically evaluate both its performance at detecting corrupted fields and, as one example application, the resulting improvement this gives to a classifier.

Jeremy Kubica; Andrew Moore

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Fossil Biodiversity: Red Noise Plus Signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have examined the Fourier power spectrum as well as the Hurst exponent of extinction, origination, and total biodiversity in the marine fossil record, using a recently improved geologic timescale. We find all of them strongly inconsistent with past claims of self-similarity as well as inconsistent with random walk behavior. Instead, they are dominated by low-frequency power, with approximate f^-2 power over one decade in frequency. The spectrum turns over at about 10^8 y, lending plausibility to connections with galactic dynamics. Even in the background of this low-frequency dominance, a previously noted 62 My biodiversity cycle stands out with better than 99% confidence above the noise level, accounting for about 35% of the total variance in the fossil biodiversity record.

Adrian L. Melott; Bruce S. Lieberman

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

269

Fossil Biodiversity: Red Noise Plus Signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have examined the Fourier power spectrum as well as the Hurst exponent of extinction, origination, and total biodiversity in the marine fossil record, using a recently improved geologic timescale. We find all of them strongly inconsistent with past claims of self-similarity as well as inconsistent with random walk behavior. Instead, they are dominated by low-frequency power, with approximate f^-2 power over one decade in frequency. The spectrum turns over at about 10^5 y, lending plausibility to connections with galactic dynamics. Even in the background of this low-frequency dominance, a previously noted 62 My biodiversity cycle stands out with better than 99% confidence above the noise level, accounting for about 35% of the total variance in the fossil biodiversity record.

Melott, A L; Melott, Adrian L.; Lieberman, Bruce S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Quantum noises and the large scale structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose that cosmological density perturbation may originate from passive fluctuations of the inflaton, which are induced by colored quantum noise due to the coupling of the inflaton to the quantum environment. At small scales, the fluctuations grow with time to become nearly scale-invariant. However, the larger-scale modes cross out the horizon earlier and do not have enough time to grow, thus resulting in a suppression of the density perturbation. This may explain the observed low quadrupole in the CMB anisotropy data and and potentially unveil the initial time of inflation. We also discuss the implications to the running spectral index and the non-Gaussianity of the primordial density perturbation.

Wo-Lung Lee

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

271

Hanford Site pollution prevention progress report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Richland Operations Office (RL) and Office of River Protection (ORP) are pleased to issue the attached Pollution Prevention Progress Report. We have just met the most aggressive waste reduction and A recycling goals to date and are publishing this report to recognize A the site's progress, and to ensure it will sustain success beyond 1 Fiscal Year 2000. This report was designed to inform the been made by RL and ORP in Waste Minimization (WMin) and Pollution Prevention (P2). RL, ORP and their contractors are committed to protecting the environment, and we reiterate pollution prevention should continue to be at the forefront of the environmental cleanup and research efforts. As you read the attached report, we believe you will see a clear demonstration of RL and ORP's outstanding performance as it has been responsible and accountable to the nation, its employees, and the community in which we live and work. commitment that all employees have for environmental stewardship. The report provides useful information about the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE'S) environmental policy and programs, and contains countless examples of waste minimization projects. This year was the first year our site received the White House Closing the Circle in the category of Affirmative Procurement. This Award recognizes our site for designing a comprehensive strategy for achieving 100 percent purchases of the U.S.Environmenta1 Protection Agency designated recycled items. DOE-Headquarters also acknowledged the site in 1999 for its public outreach efforts in communicating pollution prevention to Hanford Site employees and the community. Our site is truly a recognized leader in outreach as it has kept this title for two consecutive years. In previous years, we received the White House Closing the Circle Honorable Mention in Affirmative Procurement and several other National DOE Awards. Through partnership with the local community and stakeholders, the site and its contractors have a clear sense of direction toward achieving environmental protection, cleanup, and research.

BETSCH, M.D.

1999-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

272

Dirty kilowatts: America's most polluting power plants  

SciTech Connect

In 2006, the US EPA tracked more than 1,400 fossil-fired power plants of varying sizes through its Acid Rain Program. This report ranks each of the 378 largest plants (generating at least 2 million megawatt-hours in 2006) for which both the most recent EPA emissions data and Energy Information Administration (EIA) electric generation data are available. The report ranks each plant based on emission rates, or pounds of pollutant for each megawatt-hour (or million megawatt-hours, in the case of mercury) the plant produced. It ranks the top fifty power plants polluters for sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, and mercury. A complete listing of all 378 plants is included as Appendix A. Appendix B contains overheads of an NETL presentation: Tracking new coal-fired power plants - coal's resurgence in electric power generation, 24 January 2007. The 12 states with the heaviest concentrations of the dirtiest power plants, in terms of total tons of carbon dioxide emitted, are: Texas (five, including two of the top 10 dirtiest plants); Pennsylvania (four); Indiana (four, including two of the top 10 dirtiest plants); Alabama (three); Georgia (three, including two of the top three dirtiest plants); North Carolina (three); Ohio (three); West Virginia (three); Wyoming (two); Florida (two); Kentucky (two); and New Mexico (two). Carbon dioxide emissions from power plants are now at roughly 2.5 billion tons per year. Power plants are responsible for about 30%-40% of all man-made CO{sub 2} emissions in the USA. Power plants, especially those that burn coal, are by far the largest single contributor of SO{sub 2} pollution in the United States. Power plant mercury emissions remain steady as compared to previous years. A searchable database ranking 378 U.S. power plants on carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and mercury pollution is available online at http://www.dirtykilowatts.org. 22 refs., 8 tabs., 2 apps.

NONE

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Continuous Monitoring of MACT-Regulated Pollutants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report compiles the experiences of and lessons learned by continuous emissions monitoring system (CEMS) users with mercury and particulate matter CEMS and to address some recent issues that have arisen with 40 CFR Part 60 and 40 CFR Part 75 CEMS. Project efforts included holding a workshop with CEMS users to evaluate mercury, particulate matter, and criteria pollutant CEMS performance issues, potential design enhancements, and operation and maintenance procedures. Experienced CEMS technicians ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

Effectiveness And Welfare Impacts Of Alternative Policies To Address Atmospheric Pollution In URBAN ROAD TRANSPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we compare the effectiveness and welfare effects of alternative fuel efficiency, environmental and transport policies for a given urban area. The urban transport activities are represented as a set of interrelated markets, one for each mode of transport and type of vehicle. For each market, four different marginal external costs are computed in the present equilibrium: air pollution, accidents, noise and congestion. The gap between marginal social costs and prices shows that congestion and unpaid parking are the dominant sources of inefficiencies. Air pollution costs are significant as well. The effects of a typical air quality policy (regulation of car emission technology) and two typical fuel based policies (minimum fuel efficiency policy and fuel taxes) are compared with the effects of three alternative transport policies (full external cost pricing, cordon pricing, parking charges). Regulation of emission technology and of fuel efficiency do not necessarily lead to welfare gains, whereas transport pricing policies yield substantial gains for the urban area under study.

Stef Proost; Kurt Van Dender

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Idaho National Laboratory Site Pollution Prevention Plan  

SciTech Connect

It is the policy of the Department of Energy (DOE) that pollution prevention and sustainable environmental stewardship will be integrated into DOE operations as a good business practice to reduce environmental hazards, protect environmental resources, avoid pollution control costs, and improve operational efficiency and mission sustainability. In furtherance of this policy, DOE established five strategic, performance-based Pollution Prevention (P2) and Sustainable Environmental Stewardship goals and included them as an attachment to DOE O 450.1, Environmental Protection Program. These goals and accompanying strategies are to be implemented by DOE sites through the integration of Pollution Prevention into each site's Environmental Management System (EMS). This document presents a P2 and Sustainability Program and corresponding plan pursuant to DOE Order 450.1 and DOE O 435.1, Radioactive Waste Management. This plan is also required by the state of Idaho, pursuant to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) partial permit. The objective of this document is to describe the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Site P2 and Sustainability Program. The purpose of the program is to decrease the environmental footprint of the INL Site while providing enhanced support of its mission. The success of the program is dependent on financial and management support. The signatures on the previous page indicate INL, ICP, and AMWTP Contractor management support and dedication to the program. P2 requirements have been integrated into working procedures to ensure an effective EMS as part of an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS). This plan focuses on programmatic functions which include environmentally preferable procurement, sustainable design, P2 and Sustainability awareness, waste generation and reduction, source reduction and recycling, energy management, and pollution prevention opportunity assessments. The INL Site P2 and Sustainability Program is administratively managed by the INL Site P2 Coordinator. Development and maintenance of this overall INL Site plan is ultimately the responsibility of DOE-ID. This plan is applicable to all INL Site contractors except those at the Naval Reactors Facility.

E. D. Sellers

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Idaho National Laboratory Site Pollution Prevention Plan  

SciTech Connect

It is the policy of the Department of Energy (DOE) that pollution prevention and sustainable environmental stewardship will be integrated into DOE operations as a good business practice to reduce environmental hazards, protect environmental resources, avoid pollution control costs, and improve operational efficiency and mission sustainability. In furtherance of this policy, DOE established five strategic, performance-based Pollution Prevention (P2) and Sustainable Environmental Stewardship goals and included them as an attachment to DOE O 450.1, Environmental Protection Program. These goals and accompanying strategies are to be implemented by DOE sites through the integration of Pollution Prevention into each site's Environmental Management System (EMS). This document presents a P2 and Sustainability Program and corresponding plan pursuant to DOE Order 450.1 and DOE O 435.1, Radioactive Waste Management. This plan is also required by the state of Idaho, pursuant to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) partial permit. The objective of this document is to describe the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Site P2 and Sustainability Program. The purpose of the program is to decrease the environmental footprint of the INL Site while providing enhanced support of its mission. The success of the program is dependent on financial and management support. The signatures on the previous page indicate INL, ICP, and AMWTP Contractor management support and dedication to the program. P2 requirements have been integrated into working procedures to ensure an effective EMS as part of an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS). This plan focuses on programmatic functions which include environmentally preferable procurement, sustainable design, P2 and Sustainability awareness, waste generation and reduction, source reduction and recycling, energy management, and pollution prevention opportunity assessments. The INL Site P2 and Sustainability Program is administratively managed by the INL Site P2 Coordinator. Development and maintenance of this overall INL Site plan is ultimately the responsibility of DOE-ID. This plan is applicable to all INL Site contractors except those at the Naval Reactors Facility.

E. D. Sellers

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Modeling of combustion noise spectrum from turbulent premixed flames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of combustion noise spectrum from turbulent premixed flames Y. Liu, A. P. Dowling, T. D, Nantes, France 2321 #12;Turbulent combustion processes generate sound radiation due to temporal changes, this temporal correlation and its role in the modeling of combustion noise spectrum are studied by analyzing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

278

Evaluation of using active circuitry for substrate noise suppression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of system-on-chips can be severely degraded if noisy circuits interfere with sensitive circuits through the common silicon substrate. Many methods have been proposed to suppress such substrate noise, ranging from designing circuits that ... Keywords: active noise decoupling, substrate coupling, substrate modeling

Rashid Farivar; Simon Kristiansson; Fredrik Ingvarson; Kjell O. Jeppson

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Monitoring residential noise for prospective home owners and renters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residential noise is a leading cause of neighborhood dissatisfaction but is difficult to quantify for it varies in intensity and spectra over time. We have developed a noise model and data representation techniques that prospective homeowners and renters ... Keywords: location-based services, mobile devices, sensors

Thomas Zimmerman; Christine Robson

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Noise threshold: Merzbow and the end of natural sound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When we ask what noise is, we would do well to remember that no single definition can function timelessly - this may well be the case with many terms, but one of the arguments of this essay is that noise is that which always fails to come into definition. ...

Paul Hegarty

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Theory of Neutron Noise in a Temporally Fluctuating Multiplying Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theory of Neutron Noise in a Temporally Fluctuating Multiplying Medium Lénárd Pál KFKI Atomic of Technology, Department of Nuclear Engineering SE-41296 Göteborg, Sweden Received January 18, 2006 Accepted) and those in a fluctuating medium (power reactor noise) have been traditionally considered as two separate

Pázsit, Imre

282

Noise modeling from high-permeability shields using Kirchhoff equations  

SciTech Connect

Progress in the development of high-sensitivity magnetic-field measurements has stimulated interest in understanding magnetic noise of conductive materials, especially of magnetic shields (DC or rf) based on high-permeability materials and/or high-conductivity materials. For example, SQUIDs and atomic magnetometers have been used in many experiments with mu-metal shields, and additionally SQUID systems frequently have rf shielding based on thin conductive materials. Typical existing approaches to modeling noise only work with simple shield and sensor geometries while common experimental setups today consist of multiple sensor systems arbitrary shapes and complex shield geometries. With complex sensor arrays used in, for example, MEG and Ultra Low Field MRI studies the knowledge of the noise correlation between sensors is as important as the knowledge of the noise itself. This is crucial for incorporating efficient noise cancelation schemes for the system. We developed an approach that allows us to calculate the Johnson noise for any geometrically shaped shield and multiple sensor systems. The approach uses a fraction of the processing power of other approaches and with a multiple sensor system our approach not only calculates the noise for each sensor but it also calculates the noise correlation matrix between sensors. Here we will show the algorithm and examples where it can be implemented.

Sandin, Henrik J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Volegov, Petr L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Espy, Michelle A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Matlashov, Andrei N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Savukov, Igor M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schultz, Larry J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Quantum Noise and Information in Quantum Search Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

External influences in the form of quantum noise on Grover’s search algorithm are investigated. The study shows that the algorithm can be robust under such external dissipation. The effect of noise is described by a completely positive trace preserving map

D. Ellinas; Ch. Konstandakis

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Statement map: reducing web information credibility noise through opinion classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the Internet, users often encounter noise in the form of spelling errors or unknown words, however, dishonest, unreliable, or biased information also acts as noise that makes it difficult to find credible sources of information. As people come to ... Keywords: STATEMENT MAP, credibility analysis, discourse processing, opinion classification, semantic relation classification, structural alignment

Koji Murakami; Eric Nichols; Junta Mizuno; Yotaro Watanabe; Shouko Masuda; Hayato Goto; Megumi Ohki; Chitose Sao; Suguru Matsuyoshi; Kentaro Inui; Yuji Matsumoto

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Development of a 2-D 2-group neutron noise simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of a 2-D 2-group neutron noise simulator C. Demazie` re* Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Reactor Physics, SE-412 96 Go¨teborg, Sweden Received 10 May 2003; accepted 27 August 2003 Abstract In this paper, the development of a so-called neutron noise simulator is reported

Demazière, Christophe

286

A Method for Noise Removal of LIDAR Point Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LiDAR can quickly and accurately obtain precision and high-density surface elevation data. In cooperation with high-precision GPS positioning technology and IMU attitude sensor, a typical noise removal algorithm of LIDAR point clouds based on FEA is ... Keywords: LIDAR, point clouds, noise removal, FEA

Huang Zuowei, Huang Yuanjiang, Huang Jie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Wind noise suppression in cochlear implants with one and two microphones Student Investigator: Casey Cox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Wind noise suppression in cochlear implants with one and two microphones Student Investigator coding strategy used. However, performance deteriorates significantly in wind noise. Wind noise was to investigate how wind noise affects speech intelligibility in cochlear implant users. Default noise reduction

Peterson, Blake R.

288

Indirect Combustion Noise: Experimental Investigation of the Vortex Sound Generation in a Choked  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indirect Combustion Noise: Experimental Investigation of the Vortex Sound Generation in a Choked-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 2315 #12;Combustion noise in gas turbines consists of direct noise related to the unsteady combustion process itself and indirect noise. As known, indirect noise is produced when entropy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

Further constraints on electron acceleration in solar noise storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We reexamine the energetics of nonthermal electron acceleration in solar noise storms. A new result is obtained for the minimum nonthermal electron number density required to produce a Langmuir wave population of sufficient intensity to power the noise storm emission. We combine this constraint with the stochastic electron acceleration formalism developed by Subramanian & Becker (2005) to derive a rigorous estimate for the efficiency of the overall noise storm emission process, beginning with nonthermal electron acceleration and culminating in the observed radiation. We also calculate separate efficiencies for the electron acceleration -- Langmuir wave generation stage and the Langmuir wave -- noise storm production stage. In addition, we obtain a new theoretical estimate for the energy density of the Langmuir waves in noise storm continuum sources.

Prasad Subramanian; Peter A. Becker

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

Sensing Applications of Fluctuations and Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Noise and time-dependent fluctuations are usually undesirable signals. However, they have many applications. This dissertation deals with two kinds of sensing applications of fluctuation and noise: soil bulk density assessment and bacterium sensing. The measurement of Vibration-Induced Conductivity Fluctuations (VICOF) provides information about the bulk density and other parameters of soils. Bulk density is the physical property of soils that is important to both the agriculture and construction industries. The traditional measurements of soil bulk density are often time-consuming, expensive or destructive. To determine the soil bulk density without the above drawbacks, the VICOF measurement scheme was proposed. The research of VICOF in this dissertation includes two parts: the initial phase of study and the new methods and their theory. In the initial phase of study, the simple experiments, theory, and simulations of VICOF were tested for relations between the soil bulk density, wetness, salinity, and the VICOF data. Then, new measurement arrangements and their theoretical models were proposed to improve the weaknesses of the initial approach (such as large scattering of data due to loose and heavy contacts) and to calculate the relationship between the measured signals and the electromechanical transport parameters of the soils. The bacterium sensing study in this dissertation was proposed to explore simple, practical, rapid, sensitive, specific, portable, and inexpensive ways to detect and recognize bacteria by Fluctuation-Enhanced Sensing (FES). One such potential way of bacterium sensing is to analyze their odor. The research of bacterium sensing also includes two parts: the initial phase of study and the new methods and their theory. The initial phase study was proposed to explore the possibility of detecting and identifying bacteria by sensing their odor via FES with commercial Taguchi sensors. Then the subsequently developed new methods and their theory provide a simple way to generate binary patterns with perfect reproducibility based on the spectral slopes in different frequency ranges at FES. This new type of signal processing and pattern recognition is implemented at the block diagram level using the building elements of analog circuitries and a few logic gates with total power consumption in the microWatts range.

Chang, Hung-Chih

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Kids Clean Up 'Polluted' Groundwater at Festival | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kids Clean Up 'Polluted' Groundwater at Festival Kids Clean Up 'Polluted' Groundwater at Festival Kids Clean Up 'Polluted' Groundwater at Festival May 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Fifth graders learn about cleaning up groundwater at the Children’s Water Festival. Fifth graders learn about cleaning up groundwater at the Children's Water Festival. Kids have fun cleaning up “polluted” groundwater at the Children’s Water Festival in Grand Junction, Colo. Kids have fun cleaning up "polluted" groundwater at the Children's Water Festival in Grand Junction, Colo. Fifth graders learn about cleaning up groundwater at the Children's Water Festival. Kids have fun cleaning up "polluted" groundwater at the Children's Water Festival in Grand Junction, Colo. GRAND JUNCTION, Colo. - Every spring, about 2,500 fifth graders in

292

Arkansas Air Pollution Control Code (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Arkansas Air Pollution Control Code (Arkansas) Arkansas Air Pollution Control Code (Arkansas) Arkansas Air Pollution Control Code (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Fuel Distributor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Arkansas Air Pollution Control code is adopted pursuant to Subchapter 2 of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-4-101). ) By authority of the same State law, the Commission has also adopted Regulation 19, Regulations of the Arkansas Plan of Implementation for Air Pollution Control (Regulation 19) and Regulation 26, Regulations of the Arkansas Operating Air Permit Program (Regulation 26)

293

Air Pollution Control Fees (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Pollution Control Fees (Ohio) Air Pollution Control Fees (Ohio) Air Pollution Control Fees (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Utility Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Program Info State Ohio Program Type Environmental Regulations Fees Provider Ohio Environmental Protection Agency Facilities with a potential to emit any one regulated air pollutant of a quantity greater than or equal to 100 tons per year, or any one hazardous air pollutant (HAP) greater than or equal to 10 tons per year, or any combination of hazardous air pollutants greater than 25 tons per year, must submit, in a form and manner prescribed by the director, a fee emission report that quantifies the actual emission data for particulate matter,

294

The President's Plan to Reduce Carbon Pollution: Myths v. Reality |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The President's Plan to Reduce Carbon Pollution: Myths v. Reality The President's Plan to Reduce Carbon Pollution: Myths v. Reality The President's Plan to Reduce Carbon Pollution: Myths v. Reality June 26, 2013 - 4:59pm Addthis President Obama lays out his vision for a comprehensive plan to reduce carbon pollution, prepare our country for the impacts of climate change and lead global efforts to fight it. Heather Zichal Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change More information on President Obama's Climate Action Plan: See the infographic Read the fact sheet Watch the speech Get state-by-state reports about the effects of pollution and climate change Editor's note: This article originally appeared on WhiteHouse.gov. Yesterday, at Georgetown University, President Obama laid out his Administration's broad-based plan to cut carbon pollution and meet the

295

The President's Plan to Reduce Carbon Pollution: Myths v. Reality |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The President's Plan to Reduce Carbon Pollution: Myths v. Reality The President's Plan to Reduce Carbon Pollution: Myths v. Reality The President's Plan to Reduce Carbon Pollution: Myths v. Reality June 26, 2013 - 4:59pm Addthis President Obama lays out his vision for a comprehensive plan to reduce carbon pollution, prepare our country for the impacts of climate change and lead global efforts to fight it. Heather Zichal Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change More information on President Obama's Climate Action Plan: See the infographic Read the fact sheet Watch the speech Get state-by-state reports about the effects of pollution and climate change Editor's note: This article originally appeared on WhiteHouse.gov. Yesterday, at Georgetown University, President Obama laid out his Administration's broad-based plan to cut carbon pollution and meet the

296

Biocarrier composition for and method of degrading pollutants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to biocarrier compositions that attract and bond pollutant-degrading antigens that will degrade the pollutants. Biocarriers are known generally as a variety of inert or semi-inert compounds or structures having the ability to sequester (attract), hold and biomagnify (enhance) specific microorganisms within their structure. Glass or polystyrene beads are the most well known biocarriers. The biocarrier, which is preferably in the form of glass microspheres, is coated with an antibody or group of antibodies that attract and react specifically with certain pollutant-degrading antigens. The antibody, once bonded to the biocarrier, is used by the composition to attract and bond those pollutant-degrading antigens. Each antibody is specific for an antigen that is specific for a given pollutant. The resulting composition is subsequently exposed to an environment contaminated with pollutants for degradation. In the preferred use, the degrading composition is formed and then injected directly into or near a plume or source of contamination.

Fliermans, C.B.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Kids Clean Up 'Polluted' Groundwater at Festival | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kids Clean Up 'Polluted' Groundwater at Festival Kids Clean Up 'Polluted' Groundwater at Festival Kids Clean Up 'Polluted' Groundwater at Festival May 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Fifth graders learn about cleaning up groundwater at the Children’s Water Festival. Fifth graders learn about cleaning up groundwater at the Children's Water Festival. Kids have fun cleaning up “polluted” groundwater at the Children’s Water Festival in Grand Junction, Colo. Kids have fun cleaning up "polluted" groundwater at the Children's Water Festival in Grand Junction, Colo. Fifth graders learn about cleaning up groundwater at the Children's Water Festival. Kids have fun cleaning up "polluted" groundwater at the Children's Water Festival in Grand Junction, Colo. GRAND JUNCTION, Colo. - Every spring, about 2,500 fifth graders in

298

A low noise charge ramp electrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention depicts a electrometer capable of measuring small currents without the use of a feedback resistor which tends to contribute a large noise factor to the measured data. The electrometer eliminates the feedback resistor through the use of a feedback capacitor located across the electrometer amplifier. The signal from the electrometer amplifier is transferred to a electrometer buffer amplifier which serves to transfer the signal to several receptors. If the electrometer amplifier is approaching saturation, the buffer amplifier signals a reset discriminator which energizes a coil whose magnetic field closes a magnetic relay switch which in turn resets or zeros the feedback capacitor. In turn, a reset complete discriminator restarts the measurement process when the electrometer amplifier approaches its initial condition. The buffer amplifier also transmits the voltage signal from the electrometer amplifier to a voltage-to-frequency converter. The signals from the voltage-to-frequency converter are counted over a fixed period of time and the information is relayed to a data processor. The timing and sequencing of the small current measuring system is under the control of a sequence control logic unit.

Morgan, J.P.; Piper, T.C.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Quantum Noise as an Entanglement Meter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Entanglement entropy, which is a measure of quantum correlations between separate parts of a many-body system, has emerged recently as a fundamental quantity in broad areas of theoretical physics, from cosmology and field theory to condensed matter theory and quantum information. The universal appeal of the entanglement entropy concept is related, in part, to the fact that it is defined solely in terms of the many-body density matrix of the system, with no relation to any particular observables. However, for the same reason, it has not been clear how to access this quantity experimentally. Here we derive a universal relation between entanglement entropy and the fluctuations of current flowing through a quantum point contact (QPC) which opens a way to perform a direct measurement of entanglement entropy. In particular, by utilizing space-time duality of 1d systems, we relate electric noise generated by opening and closing the QPC periodically in time with the seminal S = 1/3 log L prediction of conformal field theory.

Israel Klich; Leonid Levitov

2008-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

300

Abatement of Air Pollution: Distributed Generators (Connecticut) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Distributed Generators (Connecticut) Distributed Generators (Connecticut) Abatement of Air Pollution: Distributed Generators (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Water Pollution (Illinois) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Illinois) (Illinois) Water Pollution (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Illinois Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Illinois EPA This article states regulations for water quality standards, effluent standards, monitoring and reporting methods, sewer discharge criteria and information about permits. It is the purpose of these rules and regulations to designate the uses for which the various waters of the State shall be maintained and protected; to prescribe the water quality standards required to sustain the designated uses; to establish effluent standards to limit the contaminants discharged to the waters; and to prescribe additional

302

STUDIES ON AIR POLLUTION OF ISOTOPE DEPARTMENTS  

SciTech Connect

The need for a simple, effective, low-cost filter to measure atmospheric radioactive pollution in radiotherapy departments employing isotopes is considered. It was noted that not only may the patients emit substantial gamma radiation, but various body discharges, soiled laundry, treatment equipment, storage areas for laundry, and urine specimens present a radiation hazard for hospital personnel. A light, portable sampling and monitoring device was designed that would preclude the use of large built-in filters and their time- consuming operation. The filter was formed from 20 layers of gauze sewn together making a pad of 25mm dia. This pad filtered out only 50% of the aerosol particles, but its air resistance was 10 times less than conventional types, allowing it to be attached to an ordinary vacuum clean;r. A gas flow meter, installed between the pad and the vacuum cleaner, showed that 1 m/sup 3/ air passed through the pad in approximates 5 min. The filter samples were assayed for radioactivity with a 25-mm dia G-M tube. When the results were checked against a 99.8% effective Sovietmade filter, the 20-layer gauze filter compared favorably. When measurements were made in rooms of patients treated with I/sup 131/, the samples showed that the activity decreased much more rapidly than the normal 8-day half life of I/sup 131/. Since there was no other isotope pollution in the area tested, the only explanation for this atmospheric activity is the rapid sublimation of iodine. The first 24 hours following I/sup 131/ administration showed a generally higher air pollution level than had been assumed. Average measurements showed 10/sup -9/ mu C/m/sup 3/ before the rooms were ventilated. The activity measurements were about the same during treatment with I/sup 131/, P/sup 32/, Au/sup 198/, and Na/sup 24/. Airing the rooms thoroughly three times a day is considered absolutely necessary, as this decreased the atmospheric pollution considerably. (BBB)

Bozoky, L.

1962-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Air Pollution Control Systems for Stack and Process Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strict environmental regulations at the federal and local levels require that industrial facilities control emissions of particulates, nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and hazardous air pollutants. To comply with regulations, industries must either modify the processes or fuels they use to limit the generation of air pollutants, or remove the pollutants from the process gas streams before release into the atmosphere. This report provides a comprehensive disc...

2001-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

304

Multi-Pollutant Control Technology and Cost Sensitivity Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current emissions control systems used by the U.S. generating fleet typically reduce emission rates of only one pollutant. This requires installation in series of various combinations of emission control systems to remove multiple pollutants. Technologies for simultaneous removal of multiple pollutants are now moving toward commercialization. These integrated systems have the potential to require less capital investment and to offer lower operating costs than traditional technologies. This report investi...

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

305

The world of quantum noise and the fundamental output process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A stationary theory of quantum stochastic processes of second order is outlined. It includes KMS processes in wide sense like the equilibrium finite temperature quantum noise given by the Planck's spectral formula. It is shown that for each stationary noise there exists a natural output process output process which is identical to the noise in the infinite temperature limit, and flipping with the noise if the time is reversed at finite temperature. A canonical Hilbert space representation of the quantum noise and the fundamental output process is established and a decomposition of their spectra is found. A brief explanation of quantum stochastic integration with respect to the input-output processes is given using only correlation functions. This provides a mathematical foundation for linear stationary filtering transformations of quantum stochastic processes. It is proved that the colored quantum stationary noise and its time-reversed version can be obtained in the second order theory by a linear nonadapted filtering of the standard vacuum noise uniquely defined by the canonical creation and annihilation operators on the spectrum of the input-output pair.

V. P. Belavkin; O. Hirota; R. Hudson

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

306

Municipal Water Pollution Control (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Municipal Water Pollution Control (Minnesota) Municipal Water Pollution Control (Minnesota) Municipal Water Pollution Control (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting This statute applies to a city, sanitary district, or other governmental subdivision or public corporation. The statute gives the Pollution Control Agency the authority to prepare and enforce a long-range plan pertaining to

307

Regulations For State Administration Of The National Pollutant Discharge  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

For State Administration Of The National Pollutant For State Administration Of The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (Arkansas) Regulations For State Administration Of The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Regulations For State Administration Of The National Pollutant

308

Air Pollution Control (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Air Pollution Control (North Dakota) Air Pollution Control (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting The Department of Health is the designated agency to administer and coordinate a statewide air pollution control program, to promulgate regulations related to air pollution control, grant necessary permits to

309

Air Pollution Control Program (South Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Pollution Control Program (South Dakota) Air Pollution Control Program (South Dakota) Air Pollution Control Program (South Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources South Dakota's Air Pollution Control Program is intended to maintain air quality standards through monitoring the ambient air quality throughout the

310

Water pollution Control Permit Fee Schedules (West Virginia) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

pollution Control Permit Fee Schedules (West Virginia) pollution Control Permit Fee Schedules (West Virginia) Water pollution Control Permit Fee Schedules (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Fees Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection This rule establishes schedules of permit application fees and annual permit fees for state water pollution control permits and national

311

Boiler Tune-ups: Improve efficiency, reduce pollution, and save...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boiler Tune-ups: Improve efficiency, reduce pollution, and save money Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing...

312

Monitoring of Pollution Regulation: Do Local Conditions Matter?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

that the impact of a unit of pollution may vary considerably across locations, the regulator may wish to allocate its ..... Land Economics. 67: 116-129. General ...

313

Guidance: Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy into Environmental Reviews  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

$'1 $'1 f%'1OIR A N Iv { JM ............................................... EiW'KRO>31ENTAL PROTECTIOX AGENCY OFF~E C)F FEI)ERAL ACTIVITIES Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy ,' into EPA's Environmental Revielv Process The Office of Federal Activities (OFA) is issuing guidance which incorporates the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Pollution Prevention Strategy into the Agency's National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and Section 309 of the Clean Air Act review processes. Prevention To implement thePollution Act of 1990, this guidance focuses primarily upon influencing federal agencies' policies, practices, and regulatory functions to incorporate pollution prevention into their planning and decision-making. IMckzround

314

Air Pollution Control Program (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Pollution Control Program (Alabama) Air Pollution Control Program (Alabama) Air Pollution Control Program (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Alabama Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider ADEM This rule states standards for emission inventory reporting requirements, ambient air quality standards, sampling and testing methods and guidelines for maintenance of equipment. It also states guidelines for air pollution

315

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) Eligibility Commercial...

316

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 3 - Particulate Emissions...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 - Particulate Emissions from Industrial Processes (Rhode Island) Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 3 - Particulate Emissions from Industrial Processes (Rhode Island)...

317

Quantifying the Air Pollution Exposure Consequences of Distributed...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantifying the Air Pollution Exposure Consequences of Distributed Electricity Generation Speaker(s): Garvin Heath Date: November 8, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 This talk...

318

Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program (Connecticut) Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

319

NETL: News Release - Abraham Announces Pollution-Free Power Plant...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 27, 2003 Abraham Announces Pollution-Free Power Plant of the Future 1 Billion 'Living Prototype' to Showcase Cutting-Edge Technologies to Advance President's Climate...

320

Impact of Natural Gas Appliances on Pollutant Levels in California...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Gas Appliances on Pollutant Levels in California Homes NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible, but may not be updated...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

ORNL Robot Takes Pollutant Samples and Assesses Structural ...  

walls. There, a remotely operated, ... is positioned and activated to take multiple samples of pollutants from the concrete and/or brick liners of the stacks.

322

NETL: PPII - Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interim Reports Benefits Presentation: Cost-Effective Multi-Pollutant Control for Smaller Coal-Fired Power Plants PDF-1.5MB (June 2007) Environmental Reports Greenidge...

323

Dry sorbent injection may serve as a key pollution control ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Dry sorbent injection (DSI) is a pollution control technology that may play a role in the United States' electric power sector's compliance with the Mercury and Air ...

324

Vermont Air Pollution Control Regulations, Major Stationary Sources...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Major Stationary Sources and Major Modifications (Vermont) Vermont Air Pollution Control Regulations, Major Stationary Sources and Major Modifications (Vermont) Eligibility Utility...

325

Vermont Air Pollution Control Regulations, Ambient Air Quality...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ambient Air Quality Standards (Vermont) Vermont Air Pollution Control Regulations, Ambient Air Quality Standards (Vermont) Eligibility Utility Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility...

326

Save Energy, Money and Prevent Pollution with Light-Emitting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Save Energy, Money and Prevent Pollution with Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Exit Signs Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and...

327

NETL: CCPI - TOXECON Retrofit for Mercury and Multi-Pollutant...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2004) Environmental Reports TOXECON Retrofit for Mercury and Multi-Pollutant Control, Environmental Assessment PDF-847KB (Sept 2003) PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS Concrete...

328

Colorado Air Pollutant Emission Notice (APEN) Form | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Form Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Reference Material: Colorado Air Pollutant Emission Notice (APEN) Form Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions...

329

Air Pollution Control Program (South Dakota) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Air Pollution Control Program (South Dakota) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most...

330

Adaptive discrete cosine transform for feedback active noise control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory and performance of adaptive discrete cosine transform filters for feedback active noise control (ANC) is examined. The discrete cosine transform filter is a realization of an FIR filter as the cascade of an all-zero FIR filter with a bank ... Keywords: FIR filter, IIR digital resonators bank, active noise control, adaptive discrete cosine transform filters, adaptive filter, all-zero FIR filter, discrete cosine transform filter, feedback active noise control, filter-X LMS implementation, frequency, magnitude coefficient, phase coefficient, single error microphone, single loudspeaker, transfer function

G. Coutu; M. Dignan

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Quantum noise eater for a single photonic qubit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a quantum noise eater for a single qubit and experimentally verify its performance for recovery of a superposition carried by a dual-rail photonic qubit. We consider a case when only one of the rails (e.g., one of interferometric arms) is vulnerable to noise. A coherent but randomly arriving photon penetrating into this single rail causes a change of its state, which results in an error in a subsequent quantum information processing. We theoretically prove and experimentally demonstrate a conditional full recovery of the superposition by this quantum noise eater.

Miroslav Gavenda; Lucie ?elechovská; Miloslav Dušek; Radim Filip

2013-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

332

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment: Foundation of pollution prevention for waste management  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to promote the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) technique as a fundamental of pollution prevention for waste management. All key elements of an effective PPOA program are presented. These key elements include impacts of environmental laws on pollution prevention, PPOA concepts and overview, waste minimization opportunities assessment, reporting and monitoring waste minimization progress, and PPOA program implementation. As environmental laws evolve the focus is shifting from end-of-pipe pollution control to front-end source reduction. Waste minimization was mistakenly interpreted to mean the reduction of hazardous waste after generation in the past. The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 has clearly defined its requirement on resource reduction. Waste reduction can be viewed as a criterion to assess all industrial processes and operations. The fundamental approach of PPOA focuses on a mass balance concept. This concept deals with tracking of chemicals from the point of purchase, through storage, utilization in the process, and waste generation at the end of process. In other words, PPOA is a technique to analyze this input/output process. By applying PPOA techniques, the framework of applicable compliance requirements to the current operation process is established. Furthermore, documentation of PPOA itself can meet as documentation requirements for environmental compliance. In general, the PPOA process consists of two phases. The first phase involves input and output process description and waste characterization. The second phase is an opportunities assessment for waste minimization from input/output waste characterization. These two phases are explained in detail in the paper.

Damewood, R.W.

1994-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

333

Numerical Investigation of Flow Induced Noise in a Simplified HVAC Duct with OpenFOAM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Due to the growing demand for comfort, the noise generated by HVAC components should be considered by the designers. Flow induced noise is one… (more)

Wang, Cong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Active Noise Control of an Insulated Box Fan using Feedforward and Feedback Control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In recent years, the active noise control methods are more attractive in reducing unwanted noise. Salient features of active control methods over passive control methods… (more)

Murthy, Muddala

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Feedback Applications in Active Noise Control for Small Axial Cooling Fans.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Feedback active noise control (ANC) has been applied as a means of attenuating broadband noise from a small axial cooling fan. Such fans are used… (more)

Green, Matthew J 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Active Noise Control of a Centrifugal Fan Mounted in a Mock Laptop Enclosure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Noise from information technology (IT) equipment is a significant problem in today's modern society. Active Noise Control (ANC) has shown promise in reducing the effect… (more)

Esplin, John J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Regional emissions of air pollutants in China.  

SciTech Connect

As part of the China-MAP program, sponsored by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration, regional inventories of air pollutants emitted in China are being characterized, in order that the atmospheric chemistry over China can be more fully understood and the resulting ambient concentrations in Chinese cities and the deposition levels to Chinese ecosystems be determined with better confidence. In addition, the contributions of greenhouse gases from China and of acidic aerosols that counteract global warming are being quantified. This paper presents preliminary estimates of the emissions of some of the major air pollutants in China: sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), carbon monoxide (CO), and black carbon (C). Emissions are estimated for each of the 27 regions of China included in the RAINS-Asia simulation model and are subsequently distributed to a 1{degree} x 1{degree} grid using appropriate disaggregation factors. Emissions from all sectors of the Chinese economy are considered, including the combustion of biofuels in rural homes. Emissions from larger power plants are calculated individually and allocated to the grid accordingly. Data for the period 1990-1995 are being developed, as well as projections for the future under alternative assumptions about economic growth and environmental control.

Streets, D. G.

1998-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

338

Hazardous waste management and pollution prevention  

SciTech Connect

The management of hazardous wastes is one of the most critical environmental issues that faces many developing countries. It is one of the areas where institutional control and treatment and disposal technology has not kept pace with economic development. This paper reviews the development of hazardous waste management methods over the past decades, and provides the information on the status and trends of hazardous waste management strategy in selected western nations. Several issues pertinent to hazardous waste management will be reviewed, including: (1) definition of hazard; (2) why are we concerned with hazardous wastes; (3) aspects of hazardous waste management system; and (4) prioritization of hazardous waste management options. Due to regulatory and economic pressure on hazardous waste management, pollution prevention has become a very important environmental strategy in many developed countries. In many developed countries, industry is increasingly considering such alternative approaches, and finding many opportunities for their cost effective implementation. This paper provides a review of the status and trends of pollution prevention in selected western nations.

Chiu, Shen-yann.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Hazardous waste management and pollution prevention  

SciTech Connect

The management of hazardous wastes is one of the most critical environmental issues that faces many developing countries. It is one of the areas where institutional control and treatment and disposal technology has not kept pace with economic development. This paper reviews the development of hazardous waste management methods over the past decades, and provides the information on the status and trends of hazardous waste management strategy in selected western nations. Several issues pertinent to hazardous waste management will be reviewed, including: (1) definition of hazard; (2) why are we concerned with hazardous wastes; (3) aspects of hazardous waste management system; and (4) prioritization of hazardous waste management options. Due to regulatory and economic pressure on hazardous waste management, pollution prevention has become a very important environmental strategy in many developed countries. In many developed countries, industry is increasingly considering such alternative approaches, and finding many opportunities for their cost effective implementation. This paper provides a review of the status and trends of pollution prevention in selected western nations.

Chiu, Shen-yann

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Transducer Signal Noise Analysis for Sensor Authentication  

SciTech Connect

The abstract is being passed through STIMS for submision to the conference. International safeguards organizations charged with promoting the peaceful use of nuclear energy employ unattended and remote monitoring systems supplemented with onsite inspections to ensure nuclear materials are not diverted for weaponization purposes. These systems are left unattended for periods of several months between inspections. During these periods physical security means are the main deterrent used to detect intentional monitoring system tampering. The information gathering components are locked in secure and sealed rooms. The sensor components (i.e. neutron and gamma detectors) are located throughout the plant in unsecure areas where sensor tampering could take place during the periods between inspections. Sensor tampering could allow the diversion of nuclear materials from the accepted and intended use to uses not consistent with the peaceful use of nuclear energy. A method and an apparatus is presented that address the detection of sensor tampering during the periods between inspections. It was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) for the Department of Energy (DOE) in support of the IAEA. The method is based on the detailed analysis of the sensor noise floor after the sensor signal is removed. The apparatus consists of a 2.1” x 2.6” electronic circuit board containing all signal conditioning and processing components and a laptop computer running an application that acquires and stores the analysis results between inspection periods. The sensors do not require any modification and are remotely located in their normal high radiation zones. The apparatus interfaces with the sensor signal conductors using a simple pass through connector at the normal sensor electronics interface package located in the already secure and sealed rooms. The apparatus does not require hardening against the effects of radiation due to its location. Presented is the apparatus design, the analysis method, and the test results as applied to tamper detection using three HE3 neutron sensors and two gamma sensors designed and built for safeguards monitoring.

John M. Svoboda (043887); Mark J. Schanfein

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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341

Emissions of Criteria Pollutants, Toxic Air Pollutants, and Greenhouse Gases, From the Use of Alternative Transportation Modes and Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POLLUTANTS FROM PETROLEUM REFINERIES IN C ALIFORNIA (FROM C ALIFORNIA PETROLEUM REFINERIES ( G / GALLON -122 T ABLE 32. E NERGY USE BY REFINERIES IN C ALIFORNIA AND

Delucchi, Mark

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Additive Noise for Storm-Scale Ensemble Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An “additive noise” method for initializing ensemble forecasts of convective storms and maintaining ensemble spread during data assimilation is developed and tested for a simplified numerical cloud model (no radiation, terrain, or surface fluxes) ...

David C. Dowell; Louis J. Wicker

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Ambient addition : how to turn urban noise into music  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As human civilization devises ever more powerful machines, living among them may become more difficult. We may find ourselves surrounded by incidentally created sounds and noises which are out of synchronization with our ...

Vawter, Noah (Noah Theodore)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Classroom auralizations using both speech and intruding noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continuing work with computer auralizations for education spaces—Can realistic speech auralizations be obtained for classrooms and similar spaces with disturbing ambient noise as produced by HVAC systems

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Ambient noise levels and reverberation times in Mississippi school rooms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nine elementary school classrooms at three Mississippi public schools were selected at random for noise and reverberation time measures to monitor voluntary compliance with ANSI standard S12.60-2002 (Acoustical Performance Criteria

Edward L. Goshorn; Brett E. Kemker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Novel Low Noise Regenerative Divide-by-Four Circuit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of a chip inductor of 10 nH in series with a chip capacitor of about 40 ... MHz quartz oscillator that was multiplied up to 400 MHz using ultra-low- noise ...

2002-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Structural thermal noise in gram-scale mirror oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermal noise associated with mechanical dissipation is a ubiquitous limitation to the sensitivity of precision experiments ranging from frequency stabilization to gravitational wave interferometry. We report on the ...

Neben, Abraham Richard

348

The reduction of supersonic jet noise using pulsed microjet injection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is concerned with the active control of supersonic jet noise using pulsed microjet injection at the nozzle exit. Experimental investigations were carried out using this control method on an ideally expanded ...

Ragaller, Paul Aaron

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Hybrid wing-body aircraft noise and performance assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid wing-body aircraft noise generation and boundary layer ingestion (BLI) performance trends with increased fan face Mach number inlet designs are investigated. The presented topics are in support of the NASA subsonic ...

Weed, Philip Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

High efficiency photodetection below the quantum noise limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two low-noise, high quantum efficiency, high bandwidth photodetectors have constructed to form a balanced homodyne detector to detect squeezed light. The detectors have quantum efficiencies of 85% and 90%, a bandwidth of ...

Bullard, Elizabeth Caryn

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Evolutionary Multi-objective Ranking with Uncertainty and Noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real engineering optimisation problems are often subject to parameters whose values are uncertain or have noisy objective functions. Techniques such as adding small amounts of noise in order to identify robust solutions are also used. The process used ...

Evan Hughes

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Noise robust speech recognition applied to voice-driven wheelchair  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional voice-driven wheelchairs usually employ headset microphones that are capable of achieving sufficient recognition accuracy, even in the presence of surrounding noise. However, such interfaces require users to wear sensors such as a headset ...

Akira Sasou; Hiroaki Kojima

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Impedance Noise Identification for State-of-Health Prognostics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Impedance Noise Identification is an in-situ method of measuring battery impedance as a function of frequency using a random small signal noise excitation source. Through a series of auto- and cross-correlations and Fast Fourier Transforms, the battery complex impedance as a function of frequency can be determined. The results are similar to those measured under a lab-scale electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurement. The lab-scale measurements have been shown to correlate well with resistance and power data that are typically used to ascertain the remaining life of a battery. To this end, the Impedance Noise Identification system is designed to acquire the same type of data as an on-board tool. A prototype system is now under development, and results are being compared to standardized measurement techniques such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. A brief description of the Impedance Noise Identification hardware system and representative test results are presented.

Jon P. Christophersen; Chester G. Motloch; John L. Morrison; Ian B. Donnellan; William H. Morrison

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The cost of noise reduction in commercial tilt rotor aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between direct operating cost and departure noise annoyance was developed for commercial tilt rotor aircraft. This was accomplished by generating a series of tilt rotor aircraft designs to meet various ...

Faulkner, Henry B.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Noise-optimal capture for high dynamic range photography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taking multiple exposures is a well-established approach both for capturing high dynamic range (HDR) scenes and for noise reduction. But what is the optimal set of photos to capture? The typical approach to HDR capture ...

Hasinoff, Samuel William

356

Phasor representation for narrowband active noise control systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phasor representation is introduced to identify the characteristic of the active noise control (ANC) systems. The conventional representation, transfer function, cannot explain the fact that the performance will be degraded at some frequency for ...

Fu-Kun Chen; Ding-Horng Chen; Yue-Dar Jou

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Shipping source level estimation for ambient noise forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to accurately estimate shipping source levels from ambient noise data is an essential step towards creating a forecast model of the ocean soundscape. Source level estimates can be obtained by solving the system of linear equations

Jeffrey S. Rogers; Steven L. Means; Stephen C. Wales

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Noise reduction efforts for the ALS infrared beamlines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is being commissioned at the ALS that should help quietalso has links to the main ALS Infrared Website, where PDF’sNoise reduction efforts for the ALS infrared beamlines Tom

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

RADIAL-BASED NOISE POWER ESTIMATION FOR WEATHER RADARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A radar antenna intercepts thermal radiation from various sources including the ground, the sun, the sky, precipitation and man-made radiators. In the radar receiver, this external radiation produces noise that constructively adds to the receiver ...

Igor R. Ivi?; Christopher Curtis; Sebastián M. Torres

360

Noise to lubricate qubit transfer in a spin network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider quantum state transfer in a fully connected spin network, in which the results indicate that it is impossible to achieve high fidelity by free dynamics. However, the addition of certain kinds of noise can be helpful for this purpose. In fact, we introduce a model of Gaussian white noise affecting the spin-spin couplings (edges), except those linked to the input and output node, and prove that it enhances the fidelity of state transfer. The observed noise benefit is scale free as it applies to a quantum network of any size. The amount of the fidelity enhancement, depending on the noise strength as well as on the number of edges to which it is applied, can be so high as to take the fidelity close to one.

Morteza Rafiee; Cosmo Lupo; Stefano Mancini

2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Real-time noise-robust speech detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As part of the development of an autonomous forklift of the Agile Robotics Lab at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL), this thesis explores the effectiveness and application of various noise-robust ...

Luu, Kevin Y

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Noise-Induced Transitions in a Barotropic ?-Plane Channel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concepts of multiplicative stochastic perturbations and noise-induced transitions are applied to a quasigeostrophic ?-plane model of barotropic flow over topography. The spectral three-component low-order representation of this configuration ...

Philip Sura

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

On the Radiated Noise of the Autosub AUV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Radiated noise of Container Ship 1 #12;FRV Scotia: Noise reduction measures t The engine is diesel: shipping, wind, rain & ice 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 10 100 1000 10000 100000 Centre/s wind Quartley Drizzle with 2 m/s windQuartley Wind 10 m/s Quartley Wind 2 m/sQuartley Wind 1 m

Griffiths, Gwyn

364

Aircraft Engine Noise Control as Viewed by the Engine Manufacturer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aircraft engine manufacturer has been continually confronted with the factor of noise control in conjunction with the development and production testing of engines. The scope of this control activity has increased many fold during recent years as the result of the rapid growth in types and size of military power plants. Presented in this paper is a review of the over?all control procedure including typical noise sources

Donald M. Hazard

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Noise in non?premixed turbulent syngas flames  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A turbulentsyngasflame may generateacoustic noise of high acoustic intensity in a combustion chamber. This may lead to the failure of construction components in a gas turbine engine in periods of the order of 1–100 hours. The research as described in the literature has almost exclusively been performed on the generation of noise in premixed methane or propane flames.Syngas fuel is a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide

Sikke A. Klein; Jim B. W. Kok

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Analysis of kicker noise induced beam emittance growth  

SciTech Connect

Over the last few years, physicists have occasionally observed the presence of noise acting on the RHIC beams leading to emittance growth at high beam energies. While the noise was sporadic in the past, it became persistent during the Run-11 setup period. An investigation diagnosed the source as originating from the RHIC dump kicker system. Once identified the issue was quickly resolved. We report in this paper the investigation result, circuit analysis, measured and simulated waveforms, solutions, and future plans.

Zhang W.; Sandberg, J.; Ahrens, L.; Blacker, I.M.; Brennan, M.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Fischer, W.; Hahn, H.; Huang, H.; Kling, N.; Lafky, M.; Marr, G.; Mernick, K.; Mi, J.; Minty, M.; Naylor, C.; Roser, T.; Shrey, T.; van Kuik, B.; Zelenski, A.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

367

Suppression of shot noise and spontaneous radiation in electron beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shot noise in the electron beam distribution is the main source of noise in high-gain FEL amplifiers, which may affect applications ranging from single- and multi-stage HGHG FELs to an FEL amplifier for coherent electron cooling. This noise also imposes a fundamental limit of about 10{sup 6} on FEL gain, after which SASE FELs saturate. There are several advantages in strongly suppressing this shot noise in the electron beam, and the corresponding spontaneous radiation. For more than a half-century, a traditional passive method has been used successfully in practical low-energy microwave electronic devices to suppress shot noise. Recently, it was proposed for this purpose in FELs. However, being passive, the method has some significant limitations and is hardly suitable for the highly inhomogeneous beams of modern high-gain FELs. I present a novel active method of suppressing, by many orders-of-magnitude, the shot noise in relativistic electron beams. I give a theoretical description of the process, and detail its fundamental limitation.

Litvinenko,V.

2009-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

368

The impact of pollution on stellar evolution models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An approach is introduced for incorporating the concept of stellar pollution into stellar evolution models. The approach involves enhancing the metal content of the surface layers of stellar models. In addition, the surface layers of stars in the mass range of 0.5-2.0 Solar masses are mixed to an artificial depth motivated by observations of lithium abundance. The behavior of polluted stellar evolution models is explored assuming the pollution occurs after the star has left the fully convective pre main sequence phase. Stellar models polluted with a few Earth masses of iron are significantly hotter than stars of the same mass with an equivalent bulk metallicity. Polluted stellar evolution models can successfully reproduce the metal-rich, parent star tau Bootis and suggest a slightly lower mass than standard evolution models. Finally, the possibility that stars in the Hyades open cluster have accreted an average of 0.5 Earth masses of iron is explored. The results indicate that it is not possible to rule out stellar pollution on this scale from the scatter of Hyades stars on a color-magnitude diagram. The small amount of scatter in the observational data set does rule out pollution on the order of 1.5 Earth masses of iron. Pollution effects at the low level of 0.5 Earth masses of iron do not produce substantial changes in a star's evolution.

Aaron Dotter; Brian Chaboyer

2003-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Computational challenges in large-scale air pollution modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many difficulties must be overcome when large-scale air pollution models are treated numerically, because the physical and chemical processes in the atmosphere are very fast. This is why it is necessary to use a large space domain in order ... Keywords: air pollution models, finite elements, ordinary differential equations, parallel computational, partial differential equations, quasi-steady-state-approximation

Tzvetan Ostromsky; Wojciech Owczarz; Zahari Zlatev

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Exploiting Bacterial Swarms for Optimal Coverage of Dynamic Pollutant Profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with no clear gradient boundaries. Index Terms--Coverage Controller, Environmental Monitor- ing, Flocking. I. INTRODUCTION Accidentally released hazardous pollutant in the environ- ment could cost a lot of human lives especially if the pollutant is invisible. This is because humans would not have a point of reference upon

Hu, Huosheng

371

Annual report of waste generation and pollution prevention progress 1999  

SciTech Connect

This Annual Report summarizes and highlights waste generation, waste reduction, pollution prevention accomplishments, and cost avoidance for 44 U.S. Department of Energy reporting sites for Calendar Year 1999. This section summarizes Calendar Year 1999 Complex-wide waste generation and pollution prevention accomplishments.

NONE

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Information resources for US Department of Energy pollution prevention programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In support of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) pollution prevention efforts being conducted under the aegis of DOE`s Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory was tasked with evaluating pollution prevention information resources. The goal of this activity was to improve the effectiveness of DOE`s pollution prevention activities through improved information flow, both within the complex, and more specifically, between DOE and other organizations that share similar pollution prevention challenges. This report presents our findings with respect to the role of information collection and dissemination within the complex, opportunities for teaming from successes of the private sector, and specific information needs of the DOE pollution prevention community. These findings were derived from a series of interviews with pollution prevention coordinators from across the DOE complex, review of DOE site and facility pollution prevention plans, and workshops with DOE information users as well as an information resources workshop that brought together information specialists from private industry, non-profit organizations, as well as state and regional pollution prevention assistance programs.

Peterson, K.L.; Snowden-Swan, L.J.; Butner, R.S.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Water pollution diagnosis with a multi-agent approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Providing high quality drinking water with no disruption is the main objective of every municipal water system. The paper presents the application of a multi-agent approach to water pollution diagnosis in a municipal water system. The main benefit of ... Keywords: artificial intelligence, environmental protection, multi-agent system, water pollution diagnosis

Constantin Nichita; Mihaela Oprea

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 January 27, 2006 These guidelines and accompanying criteria fulfill the requirement under Section 543(c)(3) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT). Section 543(c)(3) states that the Secretary of Energy shall issue guidelines that establish criteria for exclusions from the energy performance requirement for a fiscal year, any Federal building or collection of Federal buildings, within the statutory framework provided by the law. The purpose of these guidelines is to clarify and explicate, as necessary, the statutory

375

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 January 27, 2006 These guidelines and accompanying criteria fulfill the requirement under Section 543(c)(3) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT). Section 543(c)(3) states that the Secretary of Energy shall issue guidelines that establish criteria for exclusions from the energy performance requirement for a fiscal year, any Federal building or collection of Federal buildings, within the statutory framework provided by the law. The purpose of these guidelines is to clarify and explicate, as necessary, the statutory

376

Quantification of Black Carbon and Other Pollutant Emissions from a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantification of Black Carbon and Other Pollutant Emissions from a Quantification of Black Carbon and Other Pollutant Emissions from a Traditional and an Improved Cookstove Title Quantification of Black Carbon and Other Pollutant Emissions from a Traditional and an Improved Cookstove Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6062E Year of Publication 2010 Authors Kirchstetter, Thomas W., Chelsea Preble, Odelle L. Hadley, and Ashok J. Gadgil Keywords aethalometer, Berkeley Darfur Stove, black carbon, carbon monoxide, climate change, DustTrak, global warming, improved cookstoves, indoor air quality, LBNL Stove Testing Facility, particulate matter, photoacoustic absorption spectrometer, pollutant emission factor, three-stone fire Abstract Traditional methods of cooking in developing regions of the world emit pollutants that

377

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Minimization Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Mission The team supports efforts that promote a more sustainable environment and implements pollution prevention activities in accordance with Executive Order (EO) 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management, and EO 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance, as approved by LM. The WM/P2 Team advocates environmentally sound waste minimization and pollution prevention practices. Scope Inventory the waste stream. Prevent or reduce pollution and waste at their source. Recycle. Use recycled-content products. Use less toxic or nontoxic products. Key Expectations Monitor and track progress on metrics. Maintain/implement a plan that integrates waste minimization and

378

Los Alamos National Laboratory employees receive Pollution Prevention  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Prevention Awardees Pollution Prevention Awardees Los Alamos National Laboratory employees receive Pollution Prevention Awards Nearly 400 employees on 47 teams received Pollution Prevention awards for protecting the environment and saving taxpayers more than $8 million. April 23, 2013 Molten plutonium in a crucible. The improved processing of old plutonium generates less than half of the waste of the former process. Molten plutonium in a crucible. The improved processing of old plutonium generates less than half of the waste of the former process. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email The Pollution Prevention Awards are the result of people taking the initiative to improve their own operations. Protecting environment, saving taxpayer dollars LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 23, 2013-Nearly 400 Los Alamos National

379

Los Alamos National Laboratory employees receive Pollution Prevention  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Employees Receive Pollution Prevention Awards Employees Receive Pollution Prevention Awards Los Alamos National Laboratory employees receive Pollution Prevention Awards Nearly 400 employees on 47 teams received Pollution Prevention awards for protecting the environment and saving taxpayers more than $8 million. April 23, 2013 Molten plutonium in a crucible. The improved processing of old plutonium generates less than half of the waste of the former process. Molten plutonium in a crucible. The improved processing of old plutonium generates less than half of the waste of the former process. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email The Pollution Prevention Awards are the result of people taking the initiative to improve their own operations. Protecting environment, saving taxpayer dollars

380

Quantifying the Air Pollution Exposure Consequences of Distributed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantifying the Air Pollution Exposure Consequences of Distributed Quantifying the Air Pollution Exposure Consequences of Distributed Electricity Generation Speaker(s): Garvin Heath Date: November 8, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 This talk will highlight my research investigating differences in potential for human inhalation exposure to air pollutants emitted by distributed electricity generation (DG) technologies and existing central station power plants in California. The most sophisticated research on environmental impacts of DG has focused on evaluating spatially and temporally resolved air pollutant concentrations (e.g., ozone) that result from scenarios of future deployment of DG technologies (Samuelsen at al., 2003 and collaborations amongst Tonse, van Buskirk and Heath, unpublished). I extend this research to consider the relationship between where pollutants are

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Residential pollutants and ventilation strategies: Volatile organic compounds and radon  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews literature that reports investigations of residential ventilation and indoor air quality. Two important residential pollutant classes, volatile organic compounds and radon, are examined. A companion paper examines moisture and combustion pollutants. Control strategies recommended from the review include appropriate building design to prevent or limit the sources of the pollutants within the space, proper operation and maintenance to prevent adverse conditions from developing during the building's life and appropriate use of ventilation. The characteristics of these pollutant sources suggest that ventilation systems in residences should have several properties. They should have the extra capacity available to reduce short bursts of pollution, be located close to the expected source of the contamination, and be inexpensive. Mitigation of radon is technically a major success using a form of task ventilation. Whole-house ventilation is, at best, a secondary form of control of excess radon in residences.

Grimsrud, D.T.; Hadlich, D.E.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Sandia National Laboratories: Pollution Prevention: Awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Awards Awards 2010 Waste Wise Award EPA WasteWise Gold Acheivement 2010 Pollution Prevention (P2) promotes environmental successes at Sandia by applying for awards. Internally, the Environmental Management Systems group hosts an annual recognition program in which individuals and teams are nominated for environmental improvements to processes or for material and waste reductions. Here are some recent awards with which Sandia has been recognized: 2013 Department of Energy NNSA "Best-In-Class" Award for Greenhouse Gas Scope 1 and 2 Reductions of Sulfur Hexafluoride at Saturn-Hermes III 2012 Department of Energy NNSA "Best-In-Class" Award for the Roofing Recycling Pilot Program for Sandia's Comprehensive Recycling Program for computer server virtualization

383

Inefficient remediation of ground-water pollution  

SciTech Connect

The problem of trying to remove ground-water pollution by pumping and treating are pointed out. Various Superfund sites are discussed briefly. It is pointed out that many chemicals have been discarded in an undocumented manner, and their place in the groundwater is not known. Results of a remedial program to remove perchloroethylene at a concentration of 6132 parts per billion from groundwater in a site in New Jersey showed that with an average extraction rate of 300 gallons per minute from 1978 to 1984 contamination level was lowered below 100 parts per billion. However, after shutdown of pumping the level rose to 12,588 parts per billion in 1988. These results lead the author to propose that the practical solutions for water supplies may be treatment at the time it enters the system for use.

Abelson, P.H.

1990-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

384

Pollution and the price of power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study analyses the un-priced environmental harm caused by generating electricity from fossil fuels in the ECAR control region south of the Great Lakes in 2004 and again in 2015 when the recent Clean Air Interstate Rule will have its full effect. Using existing damage values, we estimate wholesale electricity under-pricing for coal-fired plants at about $40 per MWh in 2004, almost as much again as the $45/MWh actual price. Averaging across all fuels, the price of electricity was more than $30/MWh too low. The under-pricing will still be $18/MWh for coal plants and $15 for all generation sources in 2015, a decade after CAIR was adopted. Recognizing this environmental price now could reduce pollution levels, increase energy conservation and lead to wiser choices of new generation technology.

Dewees, D.N. [University of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada). Dept. of Economics

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Plant Improvement Power Plant Improvement Initiative (PPII) CONTACTS Brad Tomer Director Offi ce of Major Demonstrations National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 304-285-4692 brad.tomer@netl.doe.gov Wolfe Huber National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 412-386-5747 wolfe.huber@netl.doe.gov PARTNER CONSOL Energy Inc. Pittsburgh, PA ADDITIONAL TEAM MEMBERS AES Greenidge, LLC Babcock Power Environmental, Inc. GREENIDGE MULTI-POLLUTANT CONTROL PROJECT Project Description This project demonstrated a selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR)/in-duct selective catalytic reduction (SCR) hybrid in combination with low-NO X burners (LNBs) and a circulating fl uidized bed dry scrubber (CFBDS) system using recycled

386

The role of taxes and zoning in the effective control of pollution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the same land use and pollution to be the external effectsince different levels of pollution and land rents requireThe Ratio of Land Used by Industry if Pollution Only Flowed

Hochman, Oded; Rausser, Gordon C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy into the Environmental Review Process  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The guidance discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's definition of pollution prevention; how to incorporate pollution prevention into the EPA environmental review process and interagency liaison function; and federal pollution prevention awards programs.

388

Environmental Protection for Developing Countries: The Polluter-Does-Not-Pay Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Countries: The Polluter-Does-Not-Pay Principle Abstract Thewe describe as the polluter-does- not-pay regime on theto study the polluter-does-not-pay principle, identifying

Luppi, Barbara; Parisi, Francesco; Rajagopalan, Shruti

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Non-linear addressing scheme for a lookup-based transformation function in a reconfigurable noise generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Noise generation is used in several application domains, and each one of them has its own requirements for the statistical properties of the noise signal. This paper presents an approach that allows flexible noise generation based on reconfigurable logic. ... Keywords: LUT, addressing scheme, gauss, lookup-table, noise, noise generator, normal distribution, probability distribution function, transformation function, white noise

Elvio Dutra; Leandro Indrusiak; Manfred Glesner

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Power Plant Improvement Initiative to demonstrate an innovative combination of air pollution control technologies that can cost-effectively reduce emissions of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, Hg, acid gases (SO{sub 3}, HCl, and HF), and particulate matter from smaller coal-fired electric generating units (EGUs). There are about 400 units in the United States with capacities of 50-300 MW that currently are not equipped with selective catalytic reduction (SCR), flue gas desulfurization (FGD), or mercury control systems. Many of these units, which collectively represent more than 55 GW of installed capacity, are difficult to retrofit for deep emission reductions because of space constraints and unfavorable economies of scale, making them increasingly vulnerable to retirement or fuel switching in the face of progressively more stringent environmental regulations. The Greenidge Project sought to confirm the commercial readiness of an emissions control system that is specifically designed to meet the environmental compliance requirements of these smaller coal-fired EGUs by offering a combination of deep emission reductions, low capital costs, small space requirements, applicability to high-sulfur coals, mechanical simplicity, and operational flexibility. The multi-pollutant control system includes a NO{sub x}OUT CASCADE{reg_sign} hybrid selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR)/in-duct SCR system for NO{sub x} control and a Turbosorp{reg_sign} circulating fluidized bed dry scrubbing system (with a new baghouse) for SO{sub 2}, SO{sub 3}, HCl, HF, and particulate matter control. Mercury removal is provided as a co-benefit of the in-duct SCR, dry scrubber, and baghouse, and by injection of activated carbon upstream of the scrubber, if required. The multi-pollutant control system was installed and tested on the 107-MW{sub e}, 1953-vintage AES Greenidge Unit 4 by a team including CONSOL Energy Inc. as prime contractor, AES Greenidge LLC as host site owner, and Babcock Power Environmental Inc. as engineering, procurement, and construction contractor. About 44% of the funding for the project was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, through its National Energy Technology Laboratory, and the remaining 56% was provided by AES Greenidge. Project goals included reducing high-load NO{sub x} emissions to {le} 0.10 lb/mmBtu; reducing SO{sub 2}, SO{sub 3}, HCl, and HF emissions by at least 95%; and reducing Hg emissions by at least 90% while the unit fired 2-4% sulfur eastern U.S. bituminous coal and co-fired up to 10% biomass. This report details the final results from the project. The multi-pollutant control system was constructed in 2006, with a total plant cost of $349/kW and a footprint of 0.4 acre - both substantially less than would have been required to retrofit AES Greenidge Unit 4 with a conventional SCR and wet scrubber. Start-up of the multi-pollutant control system was completed in March 2007, and the performance of the system was then evaluated over an approximately 18-month period of commercial operation. Guarantee tests conducted in March-June 2007 demonstrated attainment of all of the emission reduction goals listed above. Additional tests completed throughout the performance evaluation period showed 96% SO{sub 2} removal, 98% mercury removal (with no activated carbon injection), 95% SO{sub 3} removal, and 97% HCl removal during longer-term operation. Greater than 95% SO{sub 2} removal efficiency was observed even when the unit fired high-sulfur coals containing up to 4.8 lb SO{sub 2}/mmBtu. Particulate matter emissions were reduced by more than 98% relative to the emission rate observed prior to installation of the technology. The performance of the hybrid SNCR/SCR system was affected by problems with large particle ash, ammonia slip, and nonideal combustion characteristics, and high-load NO{sub x} emissions averaged 0.14 lb/mmBtu during long-term operation. Nevertheless, the system has reduced the unit's overall NO{sub x} emiss

Daniel Connell

2008-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

391

Stochastic noise characteristics in matrix inversion tomosynthesis (MITS)  

SciTech Connect

Matrix inversion tomosynthesis (MITS) uses known imaging geometry and linear systems theory to deterministically separate in-plane detail from residual tomographic blur in a set of conventional tomosynthesis (''shift-and-add'') planes. A previous investigation explored the effect of scan angle (ANG), number of projections (N), and number of reconstructed planes (NP) on the MITS impulse response and modulation transfer function characteristics, and concluded that ANG=20 deg., N=71, and NP=69 is the optimal MITS imaging technique for chest imaging on our prototype tomosynthesis system. This article examines the effect of ANG, N, and NP on the MITS exposure-normalized noise power spectra (ENNPS) and seeks to confirm that the imaging parameters selected previously by an analysis of the MITS impulse response also yield reasonable stochastic properties in MITS reconstructed planes. ENNPS curves were generated for experimentally acquired mean-subtracted projection images, conventional tomosynthesis planes, and MITS planes with varying combinations of the parameters ANG, N, and NP. Image data were collected using a prototype tomosynthesis system, with 11.4 cm acrylic placed near the image receptor to produce lung-equivalent beam hardening and scattered radiation. Ten identically acquired tomosynthesis data sets (realizations) were collected for each selected technique and used to generate ensemble mean images that were subtracted from individual image realizations prior to noise power spectra (NPS) estimation. NPS curves were normalized to account for differences in entrance exposure (as measured with an ion chamber), yielding estimates of the ENNPS for each technique. Results suggest that mid- and high-frequency noise in MITS planes is fairly equivalent in magnitude to noise in conventional tomosynthesis planes, but low-frequency noise is amplified in the most anterior and posterior reconstruction planes. Selecting the largest available number of projections (N=71) does not incur any appreciable additive electronic noise penalty compared to using fewer projections for roughly equivalent cumulative exposure. Stochastic noise is minimized by maximizing N and NP but increases with increasing ANG. The noise trend results for NP and ANG are contrary to what would be predicted by simply considering the MITS matrix conditioning and likely result from the interplay between noise correlation and the polarity of the MITS filters. From this study, the authors conclude that the previously determined optimal MITS imaging strategy based on impulse response considerations produces somewhat suboptimal stochastic noise characteristics, but is probably still the best technique for MITS imaging of the chest.

Godfrey, Devon J.; McAdams, H. P.; Dobbins, James T. III [Department of Radiology, Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, DUMC 3295, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, DUMC 3308, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Radiology and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, 2424 Erwin Rd., Suite 302, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Int. J. Environment and Pollution, Vol. 8, Nos. 3-6, 1997 727 Gaseous pollutant dispersion around urban-canopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Meroney, 1983: Gas dispersion near a cubical model building. Part I. Mean concentration measurements. JInt. J. Environment and Pollution, Vol. 8, Nos. 3-6, 1997 727 Gaseous pollutant dispersion around numerical predictions of atmospheric dispersion in the urban environment on sub-meso scales. Wind

Fedorovich, Evgeni

393

A new approach in signal processing for sodium boiling noise detection by probability density function estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The probability density function (pdf) method of noise signal processing has been investigated for its capability and quality in detecting sodium boiling noise. In an attempt to identify proper features of the pdf for sodium boiling noise detection, the segmented areas under the pdf curves have been found sensitive to sodium boiling noise. New approaches have been followed in selecting the feature threshold and achieving the targeted probabilities for false and missed sodium boiling noise detection.

Reddy, C.P.; Singh, O.P.; Vyjayanthi, R.K.; Prabhakar, R.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Flare Noise Reduction Exxon Chemical- Baytown Olefins Plant: 1994 CMA Energy Efficiency Award for "Flare Noise Reduction" in the category of "Public Outreach/Plant Site"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerous community complaints were received because of what nearby residents perceived as excessive noise from BOP's elevated flares. Representatives from the Baytown Olefins Plant met with community residents to better understand their concerns. This qualitative data helped identify the flare noise problem to which BOP responded. BOP continued to solicit community feedback as various flare noise tests were conducted. Of particular concern to the community were low frequency rumbling noise and a higher frequency noise that resembles the sound of a jet plane passing overhead. To supplement the qualitative data received from the community, quantitative noise data was collected at various flaring conditions, wind conditions, and steam rates. Additional testing was performed to determine optimum steam rates for flaring events that could eliminate smoking and minimize noise. These tests concluded that reducing steam to the flare could reduce flare noise without jeopardizing smokeless operation. High intensity, low frequency rumbling noise (0-10 Hz), was rattling the windows and doors in the nearby community. It is typically generated by flame instability. Flame instability was occurring at BOP at fairly low flaring rates, and has been attributed to changes in the flare gas heating value and flare steam rates. Although a moderate amount of center steam lifts the flame off the top of the flare tip and prevents backburning (another source of flare noise), too much center steam makes a flame even less stable. This instability essentially causes a series of small explosions at the flare tip that generate low frequency noise. Combustion noise and steam injection noise contributed to the jet engine sound that was objectionable to the community. Steam injection noise increases as the amount of hydrocarbon burned in the flare increases, and noise increases as both hydrocarbon and steam injection increase. Although it is difficult to minimize the hydrocarbon to the flare, the steam to hydrocarbon ratio can be controlled to a minimum amount required for smokeless operation. Additionally, BOP can optimize the use of its two flares to reduce noise.

Bradham, S.; Stephan, R.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Subtraction-noise projection in gravitational-wave detector networks  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present a successful implementation of a subtraction-noise projection method into a simple, simulated data analysis pipeline of a gravitational-wave search. We investigate the problem to reveal a weak stochastic background signal which is covered by a strong foreground of compact-binary coalescences. The foreground, which is estimated by matched filters, has to be subtracted from the data. Even an optimal analysis of foreground signals will leave subtraction noise due to estimation errors of template parameters which may corrupt the measurement of the background signal. The subtraction noise can be removed by a noise projection. We apply our analysis pipeline to the proposed future-generation space-borne Big Bang Observer mission which seeks for a stochastic background of primordial gravitational waves in the frequency range {approx}0.1 Hz--1 Hz covered by a foreground of black-hole and neutron-star binaries. Our analysis is based on a simulation code which provides a dynamical model of a time-delay interferometer network. It generates the data as time series and incorporates the analysis pipeline together with the noise projection. Our results confirm previous ad hoc predictions which say that the Big Bang Observer will be sensitive to backgrounds with fractional energy densities below {omega}=10{sup -16}.

Harms, Jan; Mahrdt, Christoph; Otto, Markus; Priess, Malte [Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Universitaet Hannover and Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut), Callinstrasse 38, 30167 Hannover (Germany)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

Avoiding low frequency noise in packaged HVAC equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to help those involved in the design and commissioning of packaged HVAC systems to understand the root causes of low frequency noise problems and how to avoid many of them at the design stage. In the 1980's, two things happened to dramatically change the types of noise problems encountered in typical new construction. The first was the introduction of new energy regulations that favored variable air volume (VAV) distribution systems over constant volume air distribution systems. A by-product of VAV design is that mid- and high frequency sound pressure levels produced by current air terminal devices and diffusers in many applications are significantly lower than in the past. The second factor was a trend away from the use of built-up central station fan equipment in favor of packaged, floor-by-floor air handlers or rooftop units. As a result, today's HVAC system noise problems are not confined to just the roar and hiss of the past, but now include intense low frequency rumble and time modulation. Indeed, most current noise problems in modern buildings occur in the frequency range well below 250 Hz. A large fraction of these are a result of the dominant sound pressure levels in the 12 to 40 Hz region. These factors, combined with a substantial increase in the level of low frequency sound from the rest of the system, can produce a non-neutral, time modulated, rumbly sounding background noise that many people find objectionable.

Ebbing, C.E. (Carrier Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States). Commercial Unitary Division); Blazier, W.E.Jr. (Warren Blazier Associates, San Francisco, CA (United States))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

An optical spectrum analyzer with quantum limited noise floor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interactions between atoms and lasers provide the potential for unprecedented control of quantum states. Fulfilling this potential requires detailed knowledge of frequency noise in optical oscillators with state-of-the-art stability. We demonstrate a technique that precisely measures the noise spectrum of an ultra-stable laser using optical lattice-trapped $^{87}$Sr atoms as a quantum projection noise-limited reference. We determine the laser noise spectrum from near DC to 100 Hz via the measured fluctuations in atomic excitation, guided by a simple and robust theory model. The noise spectrum yields a 26(4) mHz linewidth at a central frequency of 429 THz, corresponding to an optical Q of $1.6\\times10^{16}$. This approach improves upon optical heterodyne beats between two similar laser systems by providing information unique to a single laser, and complements the traditionally used Allan deviation which evaluates laser performance at relatively long time scales. We use this technique to verify the reduction of...

Bishof, Michael; Martin, Michael J; Ye, Jun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Wastewater Regulations for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wastewater Regulations for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination Wastewater Regulations for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permits, Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permits, State Permits, Water Quality Based Effluent Limitations and Water Quality Certification (Mississippi) Wastewater Regulations for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permits, Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permits, State Permits, Water Quality Based Effluent Limitations and Water Quality Certification (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential

399

Climate and Air Pollution Planning Assistant (CAPPA) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate and Air Pollution Planning Assistant (CAPPA) Climate and Air Pollution Planning Assistant (CAPPA) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate and Air Pollution Planning Assistant (CAPPA) Agency/Company /Organization: ICLEI Sector: Climate Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Buildings, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, - Anaerobic Digestion, Ground Source Heat Pumps, - Solar Hot Water, - Solar PV, Wind, Transportation, Forestry, People and Policy, Water Conservation, Offsets and Certificates, Greenhouse Gas Phase: Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Guide/manual User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.icleiusa.org/action-center/tools/cappa-decision-support-tool/

400

Multi-Pollutant Legislation and Regulations (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The 108th Congress proposed and debated a variety of bills addressing pollution control at electric power plants but did not pass any of them into law. In addition, the EPA currently is preparing two regulationsa proposed Clean Air Interstate Rule (pCAIR) and a Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR)to address emissions from coal-fired power plants. Several States also have taken legislative actions to limit pollutants from power plants in their jurisdictions. This section discusses three Congressional air pollution bills and the EPAs pCAIR and CAMR regulations.

Information Center

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Compound Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Compound Emissions Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Compound Emissions (Connecticut) Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Compound Emissions (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection These regulations set limits on the sulfur content of allowable fuels (1.0%

402

Revised noise criteria for design and rating of HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews current methods of rating the noise produced by HVAC systems and explains why these ratings fail to be correlated with subjective opinion in many cases. An entirely new method of assigning noise ratings is proposed which is expected to provide a significantly better correlation between objective measurements and subjective response. The proposed new rating method makes use of a revised set of noise criterion curves (RC curves) which appeared for the first time in Chap. 35 of the 1980 Systems Volume of the ASHRAE Handbook. This paper also discusses the technical considerations leading to the development of the RC curves as a replacement for the NC curves which have been used in the past.

Warren E. Blazier Jr.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A computer program for HVDC converter station RF noise calculations  

SciTech Connect

HVDC converter station operations generate radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic (EM) noise which could interfere with adjacent communication and computer equipment, and carrier system operations. A generic Radio Frequency Computer Analysis Program (RAFCAP) for calculating the EM noise generated by valve ignition of a converter station has been developed as part of a larger project. The program calculates RF voltages, currents, complex power, ground level electric field strength and magnetic flux density in and around an HVDC converter station. The program requires the converter station network to be represented by frequency dependent impedance functions. Comparisons of calculated and measured values are given for an actual HVDC station to illustrate the validity of the program. RAFCAP is designed to be used by engineers for the purpose of calculating the RF noise produced by the igniting of HVDC converter valves.

Kasten, D.G.; Caldecott, R.; Sebo, S.A. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Liu, Y. (Virginia Polytechnic Inst. State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Bradley Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

In plant partial noise enclosures for the mining industry  

SciTech Connect

The Physical and Toxic Agents Division of the Mine Safety and Health Administration`s Pittsburgh Safety and Health Technology Center has conducted three joint noise control demonstrations at dry milling operations. These demonstrations were conducted on a rod mill, a roller mill, and a ball mill, in order to survey a representative sample of the more commonly utilized types of milling equipment. The noise control concept that was demonstrated involved the construction of partial enclosures surrounding the mills and then adding acoustical materials within the enclosures to absorb the build up of acoustical energy. The results of this work illustrate the feasibility of this concept, the physical principle of creating an acoustical shadow, and the ability to closely predict the amount of absorptive material required to reduce the noise levels so as to comply with the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 30.

Kinevy, P.T.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Isolating intrinsic noise sources in a stochastic genetic switch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The stochastic mutual repressor model is analysed using perturbation methods. This simple model of a gene circuit consists of two genes and three promotor states. Either of the two protein products can dimerize, forming a repressor molecule that binds to the promotor of the other gene. When the repressor is bound to a promotor, the corresponding gene is not transcribed and no protein is produced. Either one of the promotors can be repressed at any given time or both can be unrepressed, leaving three possible promotor states. This model is analysed in its bistable regime in which the deterministic limit exhibits two stable fixed points and an unstable saddle, and the case of small noise is considered. On small time scales, the stochastic process fluctuates near one of the stable fixed points, and on large time scales, a metastable transition can occur, where fluctuations drive the system past the unstable saddle to the other stable fixed point. To explore how different intrinsic noise sources affect these transitions, fluctuations in protein production and degradation are eliminated, leaving fluctuations in the promotor state as the only source of noise in the system. Perturbation methods are then used to compute the stability landscape and the distribution of transition times, or first exit time density. To understand how protein noise affects the system, small magnitude fluctuations are added back into the process, and the stability landscape is compared to that of the process without protein noise. It is found that significant differences in the random process emerge in the presence of protein noise.

Jay Newby

2011-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

406

Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental Certification on Office Values Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

407

Noise-cancelling quadrature magnetic position, speed and direction sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An array of three magnetic sensors in a single package is employed with a single bias magnet for sensing shaft position, speed and direction of a motor in a high magnetic noise environment. Two of the three magnetic sensors are situated in an anti-phase relationship (i.e., 180.degree. out-of-phase) with respect to the relationship between the other of the two sensors and magnetically salient target, and the third magnetic sensor is situated between the anti-phase sensors. The result is quadrature sensing with noise immunity for accurate relative position, speed and direction measurements.

Preston, Mark A. (Niskayuna, NY); King, Robert D. (Schenectady, NY)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The quantum capacity of channels with arbitrarily correlated noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study optimal rates for quantum communication over a single use of a channel, which itself can correspond to a finite number of uses of a channel with arbitrarily correlated noise. The corresponding capacity is often referred to as the one-shot quantum capacity. In this paper, we prove bounds on the one-shot quantum capacity of an arbitrary channel. This allows us to compute the quantum capacity of a channel with arbitrarily correlated noise, in the limit of asymptotically many uses of the channel. In the memoryless case, we explicitly show that our results reduce to known expressions for the quantum capacity.

Francesco Buscemi; Nilanjana Datta

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

409

The stochastic nature induced by laser noise in narrow transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a probabilistic method to describe the effect of laser noise on the laser-atom interaction, in the case that the atom is a two level system without spontaneous emission. The stochastic differential equation for the laser-atom interaction is analyzed in the sense of perturbation approach, and we construct a stochastic process corresponding to the time evolution of the atom's wave function, whose extra randomness is induced by the laser noise. It also provides the layout of a theory for the possible experiment of measuring the laser line width by driving a narrow atomic transition.

Sun, Yuan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

The stochastic nature induced by laser noise in narrow transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a probabilistic method to describe the effect of laser noise on the laser-atom interaction, in the case that the atom is a two level system without spontaneous emission. The stochastic differential equation for the laser-atom interaction is analyzed in the sense of perturbation approach, and we construct a stochastic process corresponding to the time evolution of the atom's wave function, whose extra randomness is induced by the laser noise. It also provides the layout of a theory for the possible experiment of measuring the laser line width by driving a narrow atomic transition.

Yuan Sun; Chen Zhang

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

411

Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Emerging Technologies » Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project The Department of Energy (DOE) is currently determining how pollution impacts the efficacy of cool roofs. The project specifically is focusing on the efficacy of white roofs in Northern India. The first phase of the project will take physical measurements to characterize the cooling and climate effects of white roofs. Results from this project will provide important guidance to policymakers and planners as they decide where cool roofs would have the greatest benefits. Project Description The project involves the development of advanced surfaces and next-generation materials to improve solar reflectance of roofs; the ability to reflect the visible, infrared and ultraviolet wavelengths of the

412

NETL: PPII - Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project - Project Brief [PDF-330KB] Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project - Project Brief [PDF-330KB] CONSOL Energy, Inc., Torrey, Yates County, NY PROJECT FACT SHEET Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project [PDF-610KB] (Jan 2009) PROGRAM PUBLICATIONS Final Reports Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project, Final Report [PDF-5MB] (Apr 2009) Appendices A - F [PDF-6.4MB] (Apr 2009) Appendix A: Project Schedule Appendix B: Engineering Drawings Appendix C: List of Major Equipment Appendix D: Project Log Appendix E: Flue Gas Sampling Schedules from Special Test Series Appendix F: Photographs of Flue Gas Sampling Locations Appendix G: Clean Air Engineering Testing Reports [PDF-107MB] (Apr 2009) Appendix H - H1: Field Sampling Data Sheets and Sampling Data Reduction Worksheets: Ammonia Tests [PDF-19.4MB] (Apr 2009)

413

Regulations of the Arkansas Plan of Implementation for Air Pollution  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of the Arkansas Plan of Implementation for Air of the Arkansas Plan of Implementation for Air Pollution Control (Arkansas) Regulations of the Arkansas Plan of Implementation for Air Pollution Control (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Transportation Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Regulations of the Arkansas Plan of Implementation for Air Pollution Control are applicable to any stationary source that has the potential to emit any federally regulated air pollutant. The purpose and intent of Regulation 19, as amended, is to provide a clear delineation of those

414

Lidar Observation of Elevated Pollution Layers over Los Angeles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elevated pollution layers are observed over Los Angeles with an aircraft equipped with a downward-looking lidar. For the first time, detailed ancillary upper-air kinematic and thermodynamic data were collected simultaneously to aid in the ...

Roger M. Wakimoto; James L. McElroy

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Springtime Photochemical Air Pollution in Osaka: Field Observation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High concentrations of nitrogen dioxide are frequently observed in the Osaka area in the spring. To clarify the mechanism of springtime air pollution formation, a series of three-dimensional field observations was conducted in April 1993 covering ...

Shinji Wakamatsu; Itsushi Uno; Toshimasa Ohara

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Tennessee Pollution Prevention Partnership | Y-12 National Security...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

status, the Y-12 team developed and completed a five-project plan to help prevent pollution of air, land and water, while reducing waste and conserving natural resources....

417

Alabama Air Pollution Control Act (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alabama Air Pollution Control Act (Alabama) Alabama Air Pollution Control Act (Alabama) Alabama Air Pollution Control Act (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations This Act gives the Environmental Management Commission the authority to establish emission control requirements, by rule or regulation, as may be necessary to prevent, abate or control air pollution. Such requirements may be for the state as a whole or may vary from area to area, as may be appropriate, to facilitate accomplishment of the purposes of this chapter and in order to take account of varying local conditions. The Commission can prohibit the construction, installation, modification or

418

Commonwealth of Virginia, State Air Pollution Control Board, Order by  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commonwealth of Virginia, State Air Pollution Control Board, Order Commonwealth of Virginia, State Air Pollution Control Board, Order by Concent Issued to Mirant Potomac River, LLC, Registration No. 70228 Commonwealth of Virginia, State Air Pollution Control Board, Order by Concent Issued to Mirant Potomac River, LLC, Registration No. 70228 Docket No. EO-05-01: This is a Consent Order issued under the authority of Va. Code § § 10.1-1307D and 10.1-1307.1, between the Board and Mirant Potomac River, LLC for the purpose of ensuring compliance with ambient air quality standards incorporated at 9 VAC Chapter 30 and Va, Code § 10.1-1307.3(3) requiring certain emissions modeling and analysis related to the Potomac River Power Station located in Alexandria, Virginia, Commonwealth of Virginia, State Air Pollution Control Board, Order by

419

General Provisions on Air Pollution Control (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Provisions on Air Pollution Control (Ohio) General Provisions on Air Pollution Control (Ohio) General Provisions on Air Pollution Control (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Ohio Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Ohio Environmental Protection Agency This chapter of the law that establishes the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency outlines the air pollution rules to secure and maintain levels of air quality that are consistent with the protection of health and the prevention of injury to plant, animal life, and property in the state of Ohio, and to provide for the comfortable enjoyment of the natural

420

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Management These regulations apply to stationary sources with the potential to emit 50 tons of nitrogen oxides (NOx) per year from all pollutant-emitting equipment or activities. The regulations describe possibilities for exemptions (i.e., for sources which have the potential to emit 50 tons but do not actually reach that level) and Reasonably Available Control

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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421

Separation between Cloud-Seeding and Air-Pollution Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enhancement of precipitation by cloud-seeding operations has been reported in many studies around the world in the last several decades. On the other hand, suppression of rain and snow by urban and industrial air pollution recently has been ...

Amir Givati; Daniel Rosenfeld

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Waste minimization and pollution prevention awareness plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this plan is to document Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) projections for present and future waste minimization and pollution prevention. The plan specifies those activities and methods that are or will be used to reduce the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated at the site. It is intended to satisfy Department of Energy (DOE) requirements. This Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Plan provides an overview of projected activities from FY 1994 through FY 1999. The plans are broken into site-wide and problem-specific activities. All directorates at LLNL have had an opportunity to contribute input, estimate budgets, and review the plan. In addition to the above, this plan records LLNL`s goals for pollution prevention, regulatory drivers for those activities, assumptions on which the cost estimates are based, analyses of the strengths of the projects, and the barriers to increasing pollution prevention activities.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Use of fish brain acetylcholinesterase to monitor pollution by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

of exposed fish. He suggested that this technique be used to monitor pollution in natural waters (4,5). Recovery to normal ipresent address: U. S. Army Corp of ...

424

Towards an Emissions Trading Scheme for Air Pollutants in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emissions trading schemes have great potential to lower pollution while minimizing compliance costs for firms in many areas now subject to traditional command-and-control regulation. This paper connects experience with ...

Duflo, Esther

425

Sandia National Laboratories, California Pollution Prevention Program annual report.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual program report provides detailed information about all aspects of the SNL/CA Pollution Prevention Program for a given calendar year. It functions as supporting documentation to the SNL/CA Environmental Management System Program Manual. The program report describes the activities undertaken during the past year, and activities planned in future years to implement the Pollution Prevention Program, one of six programs that supports environmental management at SNL/CA. Pollution Prevention supports the goals and objectives to increase the procurement and use of environmentally friendly products and materials and minimize the generation of waste (nonhazardous, hazardous, radiological, wastewater). Through participation on the Interdisciplinary Team P2 provides guidance for integration of environmentally friendly purchasing and waste minimization requirements into projects during the planning phase. Table 7 presents SNL's corporate objectives and targets that support the elements of the Pollution Prevention program.

Harris, Janet S.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

EPA Presentation: Reducing Pollution from Power Plants, October 29, 2010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation to the Electricity Advisory Committe on October 29, 2010 by the US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Air and Radiation on Reducing Pollution from Power Plants and the need for...

427

Use of microalgae to remove pollutants from power plant discharges  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for removing pollutants dissolved in the aqueous discharge of a plant, such as a power plant, from a body of water having known hydraulogy and physicochemical characteristics, the method comprising (a) modifying the hydraulic system of the body of water including use of physical barriers to define a zone in a portion of the body of water which zone includes the discharge point and where the water has a range of physicochemical characteristics; (b) selecting a large and preferably filamentous, planktonically growing strain of algae adapted to absorb the particular pollutants and genetically dominating algae at the physicochemical characteristics of the zone; (c) establishing a colony of the selected algal strain in the zone; (d) harvesting a portion of the colony; and (e) reinnoculating the zone near the discharge point with a fraction of the harvested portion. The fraction used for reinnoculation can be adjusted to balance the rate of pollutant removal to the rate of pollutant discharge.

Wilde, Edward W. (1833 Pisgah Rd., North Augusta, SC 29841); Benemann, John R. (2741 O' Harte, San Pablo, CA 94806); Weissman, Joseph C. (2086 N. Porpoise Pt. La., Vero Beach, FL 32963); Tillett, David M. (911-3 Coquina La., Vero Beach, FL 32963)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Water Pollutant Discharge Act (Illinois) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in violation of this Act, shall be liable to such governmental body for the actual costs incurred for the removal of such oil or other pollutants. Such governmental body...

429

Historical Atmospheric Transmission Changes and Changes in Midwestern Air Pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of haze, smoke, dust, and visibility in the midwest available from 1901 to 1980 reveal sizable temporal fluctuations. These appear useful as surrogates of air pollutants not measured before 1950. Their historical record reflects both ...

Stanley A. Changnon

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Air Pollution Health Effects: Toward an Integrated Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scientists and policy makers have become increasingly aware of the need to jointly study climate change and air pollution because of the interactions among policy measures and in the atmospheric chemistry that creates the ...

Yang, Trent.

431

Process for control of pollutants generated during coal gasification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to an improvement in the coal gasification process that effectively eliminates substantially all of the environmental pollutants contained in the producer gas. The raw producer gas is passed through a two-stage water scrubbing arrangement with the tars being condensed essentially water-free in the first stage and lower boiling condensables, including pollutant laden water, being removed in the second stage. The pollutant-laden water is introduced into an evaporator in which about 95 percent of the water is vaporized and introduced as steam into the gas producer. The condensed tars are combusted and the resulting products of combustion are admixed with the pollutant-containing water residue from the evaporator and introduced into the gas producer.

Frumerman, Robert (Pittsburgh, PA); Hooper, Harold M. (Sewickley, PA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Residential pollutants and ventilation strategies: Moisture and combustion products  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews literature that reports investigations of residential ventilation and indoor air quality. Two important residential pollutant classes, moisture and combustion pollutants, are examined. A companion paper examines volatile organic compounds and radon. Control strategies recommended from the review include appropriate building design to prevent or limit the sources of the pollutants within the space, proper operation and maintenance to prevent adverse conditions from developing during the building's life and appropriate use of ventilation. The characteristics of these pollutant sources suggest that ventilation systems in residences should have several properties. Moisture control puts significant restrictions on a ventilation system. The system should function continuously (averaged over days) and distribute ventilation throughout the habitable space. Combustion sources require task ventilation that functions reliably.

Hadlich, D.E.; Grimsrud, D.T.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Chronic Health Damage of Air Pollutants in U  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Chronic Health Impact of Air Pollutants in .S. Residences U J.M. Logue 1 , P.N. Price, M. H. Sherman, B.C. Singer Environmental Energy Technologies Division November 2011...

434

Global Health and Economic Impacts of Future Ozone Pollution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We assess the human health and economic impacts of projected 2000-2050 changes in ozone pollution using the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis-Health Effects (EPPA-HE) model, in combination with results from the ...

Webster, Mort D.

435

Airflow and Pollutant Transport Modeling In Indoor and Built...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airflow and Pollutant Transport Modeling In Indoor and Built Environment Speaker(s): Teshome Edae Jiru Date: October 12, 2009 - 12:12pm Location: 90-3122 Computer simulation is...

436

Meteorological and Air Pollution Modeling for an Urban Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary results are presented for numerical experiments modeling meteorology, multiple pollutant sources and nonlinear photochemical reactions for the case of an airport in a large urban area with complex terrain. The meteorological model ...

Paul R. Swan; In Young Lee

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The Role of Air Pollution in Decreasing Trends of Orographic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Role of Air Pollution in Decreasing Trends of Orographic Precipitation and Respective Water Resources Speaker(s): Daniel Rosenfeld Date: September 16, 2005 - 12:00pm Location:...

438

Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA), atmospheric concentration of local pollutants has fallen drastically. A natural question is whether further reductions will yield additional health benefits. We further ...

Knittel, Christopher R,

439

Light Extinction by Aerosols during Summer Air Pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to utilize satellite measurements of optical thickness over land for estimating aerosol properties during air pollution episodes the optical thickness was measured from the surface and investigated. Aerosol optical thicknesses have been ...

Yoram J. Kaufman; Robert S. Fraser

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Quantifying the Air Pollution Exposure Consequences of Distributed Electricity Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for back-up, peaking, or baseload power and may include anof pollutants emitted from baseload electricity generationcurve, i.e. , in peaking, baseload and load-following modes.

Heath, Garvin A.; Granvold, Patrick W.; Hoats, Abigail S.; Nazaroff, William W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Environmental policy in transition economies : the effectiveness of pollution changes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most economists and analysts claim that extended use of pollution charges in environmental policy will have substantial efficiency advantages in countries undergoing transition to market economies. Essentially this paper ...

Söderholm, Patrik

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Studies of Urban Climates and Air Pollution in Switzerland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to an assessment of the factors that are responsible for urban climate change, this paper describes climatological studies and peculiarities of some Swiss cities. Although these cities are small, urban air pollution presents a real ...

Heinz Wanner; Jacques-André Hertig

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

New DOE-NASCAR Partnership Revs Deployment of Pollution Reducing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the public and private sectors is crucial to making a clean energy future a reality. By taking action to reduce carbon pollution, we can strengthen our economy, increase our...

444

Control of agricultural nonpoint source pollution in Kranji Catchment, Singapore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Singapore's Kranji Reservoir is highly sensitive to nutrient and bacterial pollution, both of which can be directly traced to agricultural runoff. Water quality samples were collected along the main drainage channel in the ...

Hoff, Margaret A. (Margaret Ann)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Air Pollution Control Facility, Tax Exemption (Michigan) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Pollution Control Facility, Tax Exemption (Michigan) Air Pollution Control Facility, Tax Exemption (Michigan) Air Pollution Control Facility, Tax Exemption (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Michigan Program Type Property Tax Incentive Sales Tax Incentive Provider Department of Treasury An application for a pollution control tax exemption certificate shall be filed with the state tax commission in a manner and in a form as prescribed

446

Water Pollution Control Act (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Pollution Control Act (New Jersey) Water Pollution Control Act (New Jersey) Water Pollution Control Act (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection This act states the rules and regulations to prevent and control pollution

447

Proceedings: Fourth International Conference on Managing Hazardous Air Pollutants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 have focused attention on hazardous air pollutants emissions, including those associated with fossil fuel power plants. In response to these national initiatives, as well as to international, regional, and state initiatives, attendees at the Fourth International Conference on Managing Hazardous Air Pollutants exchanged ideas on the scientific basis for concerns about and solutions to air toxics management needs.

1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

448

Heat recirculating cooler for fluid stream pollutant removal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process by which heat is removed from a reactant fluid to reach the operating temperature of a known pollutant removal method and said heat is recirculated to raise the temperature of the product fluid. The process can be utilized whenever an intermediate step reaction requires a lower reaction temperature than the prior and next steps. The benefits of a heat-recirculating cooler include the ability to use known pollutant removal methods and increased thermal efficiency of the system.

Richards, George A. (Morgantown, WV); Berry, David A. (Morgantown, WV)

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

449

Accelerator production of tritium pollution prevention design assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Pollution Prevention Design Assessment (PPDA) provides data for cost-benefit analysis of the potential environmental impact of the APT, is an integral part of pollution prevention/waste minimization, and is required by DOE for any activity generating radioactive, hazardous, and mixed wastes. It will also better position the APT to meet future requirements, since it is anticipated that regulatory and other requirements will continue to become more restrictive and demanding.

Reynolds, R.; Nowacki, P.; Sheetz, S.O. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Lanik, P. [Burns and Roe Engineering Inc. (United States)

1997-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

450

Fuzzy decision making on direction changes of water pollution monitoring underwater robots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy decision making on trajectory direction changes of pollution monitoring robots is addressed in this paper. Measured pollution densities and the possible existence of obstacles are used as the two fundamental data. While pursuing water pollution ... Keywords: fuzzy decision making, obstacle recognition, trade-off, water pollution monitoring

Seung Y. Na; Daejung Shin; Jin Y. Kim; Seong-Joon Baek

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Integrated Emissions Control - Process Review: Multi-Pollutant Control Technology Descriptions and Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A few air pollution control suppliers are developing processes that may reduce several pollutants simultaneously in a configuration that is lower in cost than the total cost of using existing devices for each pollutant. It would benefit the industry if an independent organization that is technically knowledgeable about all the components of such multi-pollutant controls evaluated the opportunities these processes offer.

2002-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

452

Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Title Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2009 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Wenhao Chen, Michael G. Apte, Nuan Li, Michael Spears, Jérémie Almosni, Jianshun Zheng, and William J. Fisk Conference Name Proceedings of the Healthy Buildings 2009 Conference Conference Location Syracuse, NY Keywords building-related symptoms, hvac filter, ozone, ptr-ms, secondary pollutants Abstract We used Proton Transfer Reaction - Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) and conventional sampling methods to monitor and identify trace level organic pollutants formed in heterogeneous reactions between ozone and HVAC filters in real time. Experiments were carried out using a bench-scale flow tube reactor operating with dry air and humidified air (50% RH), at realistically high ozone concentrations (150 ppbv). We explored different filter media (i.e., fiberglass and cotton/polyester blends) and different particle loadings (i.e., clean filter and filters loaded with particles for 3 months at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Port of Oakland, CA). Detailed emission dynamics of very low levels of certain organic pollutants from filter media upon ozone exposure in the presence of moisture have been obtained and analyzed.

453

Noise Test Scores—1970 Clean Air Car Race  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1970 Clean Air Car Race was the first annual race from MIT to Cal Tech by college students in vehicles that meet stringent air pollution requirements. There were 45 vehicles entered in five engine classifications: internal combustion (both gaseous and liquid fuels)

C. W. Dietrich; N. R. Paulhus

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Emissions of Criteria Pollutants, Toxic Air Pollutants, and Greenhouse Gases, From the Use of Alternative Transportation Modes and Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Information Handbook, DOE/EH-0077, Washington,s emission-factor handbook does not give emission factorsHandbook, Environmental Pollution and Control Factors, Third Edition, DOE/

Delucchi, Mark

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Mercury Specie and Multi-Pollutant Control  

SciTech Connect

This project was awarded to demonstrate the ability to affect and optimize mercury speciation and multi-pollutant control using non-intrusive advanced sensor and optimization technologies. The intent was to demonstrate plant-wide optimization systems on a large coal fired steam electric power plant in order to minimize emissions, including mercury (Hg), while maximizing efficiency and maintaining saleable byproducts. Advanced solutions utilizing state-of-the-art sensors and neural network-based optimization and control technologies were proposed to maximize the removal of mercury vapor from the boiler flue gas thereby resulting in lower uncontrolled releases of mercury into the atmosphere. Budget Period 1 (Phase I) - Included the installation of sensors, software system design and establishment of the as-found baseline operating metrics for pre-project and post-project data comparison. Budget Period 2 (Phase II) - Software was installed, data communications links from the sensors were verified, and modifications required to integrate the software system to the DCS were performed. Budget Period 3 (Phase III) - Included the validation and demonstration of all control systems and software, and the comparison of the optimized test results with the targets established for the project site. This report represents the final technical report for the project, covering the entire award period and representing the final results compared to project goals. NeuCo shouldered 61% of the total project cost; while DOE shouldered the remaining 39%. The DOE requires repayment of its investment. This repayment will result from commercial sales of the products developed under the project. NRG's Limestone power plant (formerly owned by Texas Genco) contributed the host site, human resources, and engineering support to ensure the project's success.

Rob James; Virgil Joffrion; John McDermott; Steve Piche

2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

456

Measurement of thermal noise in multilayer coatings with optimized layer thickness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A standard quarter-wavelength multilayer optical coating will produce the highest reflectivity for a given number of coating layers, but in general it will not yield the lowest thermal noise for a prescribed reflectivity. Coatings with the layer thicknesses optimized to minimize thermal noise could be useful in future generation interferometric gravitational wave detectors where coating thermal noise is expected to limit the sensitivity of the instrument. We present the results of direct measurements of the thermal noise of a standard quarter-wavelength coating and a low noise optimized coating. The measurements indicate a reduction in thermal noise in line with modeling predictions.

Villar, Akira E.; Black, Eric D.; DeSalvo, Riccardo; Libbrecht, Kenneth G.; Michel, Christophe; Morgado, Nazario; Pinard, Laurent; Pinto, Innocenzo M.; Pierro, Vincenzo; Galdi, Vincenzo; Principe, Maria; Taurasi, Ilaria [LIGO Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 264-33, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Laboratoire des Materiaux Avances, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Villeurbaune (France); Waves Group, University of Sannio at Benevento, Benevento, Italy, INFN and LSC (Italy)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Worker noise exposures from diesel and electric surface coal mining machinery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

comparative study of noise produced from diesel and electric mining machinery in an opencast coal mine was made. It was found that the diesel machines produced higher environmental noise than the electric machines. The projected and measured operator's noise dose for 8-hour also showed that the diesel machines produced higher noise than the electric machines. The recorded sound levels and the noise dose for different machines and the crusher house were compared with the regulatory limits. With electric drill machines, drilling in hard rock produced higher noise levels than drilling in soft rock. This can be used to characterize the rock for blast designs.

Roy, S.; Adhikari, G.R.

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Cultural noise in EM prospecting for geothermal resources. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerical analysis tools are used to characterize the fields reradiated by cultural scatterers like powerlines, pipelines and fences. These fields are then compared to the returns expected from deeply buried targets and suggestions are made for methods to identify and remove cultural noise from survey data.

Merewether, D.E.; Cox, R.W.; Pate, R.C.

1981-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

459

Long correlation Gaussian random fields: Parameter estimation and noise reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a parametric model for Gaussian random fields (GRFs) with long-correlation feature, namely the long correlation GRF (LC-GRF), is studied. Important properties of the model are derived and used for developing new parameter estimation algorithms ... Keywords: Expectation--maximization (EM) algorithm, Gaussian random fields (GRF), Maximum likelihood estimation (MLE), Noise reduction, Wiener filter

C. F. Caiafa; A. N. Proto; E. E. Kuruo?lu

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

VULNERABILITY OF BLUETOOTH TO IMPULSIVE NOISE IN ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION SUBSTATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VULNERABILITY OF BLUETOOTH TO IMPULSIVE NOISE IN ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION SUBSTATIONS S A Bhattil environment of an Electricity transmission substation environment is modelled as a Symmetric Alpha Stable of an electricity transmission substation. I. INTRODUCTION In industrial environments, Supervisor Control and Data

Atkinson, Robert C

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "noise pollution exclude" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Discriminating between a Stochastic Gravitational Wave Background and Instrument Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The detection of a stochastic background of gravitational waves could significantly impact our understanding of the physical processes that shaped the early Universe. The challenge lies in separating the cosmological signal from other stochastic processes such as instrument noise and astrophysical foregrounds. One approach is to build two or more detectors and cross correlate their output, thereby enhancing the common gravitational wave signal relative to the uncorrelated instrument noise. When only one detector is available, as will likely be the case with the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA), alternative analysis techniques must be developed. Here we show that models of the noise and signal transfer functions can be used to tease apart the gravitational and instrument noise contributions. We discuss the role of gravitational wave insensitive "null channels" formed from particular combinations of the time delay interferometry, and derive a new combination that maintains this insensitivity for unequal arm length detectors. We show that, in the absence of astrophysical foregrounds, LISA could detect signals with energy densities as low as $\\Omega_{\\rm gw} = 6 \\times 10^{-13}$ with just one month of data. We describe an end-to-end Bayesian analysis pipeline that is able to search for, characterize and assign confidence levels for the detection of a stochastic gravitational wave background, and demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach using simulated data from the third round of Mock LISA Data Challenges.

Matthew R. Adams; Neil J. Cornish

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

462

Flow and diffusion distributed structures with noise at the inlet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flow and diffusion distributed structures (FDS) are stationary spatially periodic patterns that can be observed in reaction-diffusion-advection systems. These structures arise when the flow rate exceeds a certain bifurcation point provided that concentrations ... Keywords: 47.54.-r, 82.40.Ck, Flow and diffusion distributed structures, Flow distributed oscillations, Noise, Pattern formation, Reaction-diffusion-advection system

Pavel V. Kuptsov; Razvan A. Satnoianu

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Advances in noise analysis for nuclear plant surveillance and diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

An automated surveillance and baseline noise signature acquisition system is being demonstrated at Sequoyah-1. A nonperturbing method is also being developed for monitoring the subcritical reactivity during initial core loading in LWRs, in fuel storage and processing facilities, and during postaccident recovery operations such as Three Mile Island-2. (DLC)

Fry, N.; Clapp, N.E. Jr.; Sides, W.H. Jr.; Mihalczo, J.T.; King, W.T.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Assessing the Impacts of Reduced Noise Operations of Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i LBNL-3562E Assessing the Impacts of Reduced Noise Operations of Wind Turbines on Neighbor Operations of Wind Turbines on Neighbor Annoyance: A Preliminary Analysis in Vinalhaven, Maine Prepared from the turbines is unwelcome and annoying. Fox Islands Wind, the owner of the facility, hypothesized

465

Recursive Wang tiles for real-time blue noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Well distributed point sets play an important role in a variety of computer graphics contexts, such as anti-aliasing, global illumination, halftoning, non-photorealistic rendering, point-based modeling and rendering, and geometry processing. In this ... Keywords: Poisson disk distribution, Wang tiles, anti-aliasing, blue noise, non-periodic tiling, object positioning, sampling, stippling, texture synthesis

Johannes Kopf; Daniel Cohen-Or; Oliver Deussen; Dani Lischinski

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Correcting Specular Noise in Multiple Images of Photographed Documents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Portable digital cameras have become omnipresent. Their low-lost, simplicity to use, flexibility, and good quality images have widened their applicability far beyond their original purpose of taking personal photos. Every day people discover new uses ... Keywords: specular noise, photographed documents, multiple images

Ednardo Mariano; Rafael Dueire Lins; Gabriel de. Franca Pereira e. Silva; Jian Fan; Peter Majewicz; Marcelo Thielo

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Shear wave velocities from noise correlation at local scale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cross correlations of ambient seismic noise recordings have been studied to infer shear seismic velocities with depth. Experiments have been done in the crowded and noisy historical centre of Napoli over inter-station distances from 50 m to about 400 m, whereas active seismic spreadings are prohibitive, even for just one receiver. Group velocity dispersion curves have been extracted with FTAN method from the noise cross correlations and then the non linear inversion of them has resulted in Vs profiles with depth. The information of near by stratigraphies and the range of Vs variability for samples of Neapolitan soils and rocks confirms the validity of results obtained with our expeditious procedure. Moreover, the good comparison of noise H/V frequency of the first main peak with 1D and 2D spectral amplifications encourages to continue experiments of noise cross-correlation. If confirmed in other geological settings, the proposed approach could reveal a low cost methodology to obtain reliable and detailed Vs velocity profiles.

De Nisco, G.; Nunziata, C. [Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Univ. Napoli Federico II (Italy); Vaccari, F. [Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Univ. Trieste (Italy); Panza, G. F. [Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Univ. Trieste (Italy); The Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics, ESP-SAND Group, Trieste (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

468

Quantum noise in a nano mechanical Duffing resonator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the small signal gain and noise response of an amplifier based on the nonlinear response of a quantum nanomechanical resonator. The resonator is biased in the nonlinear regime by a strong harmonic bias force and we determine the response to a small additional driving signal detuned with respect to the bias force.

E. Babourina-Brooks; A. Doherty; G. J. Milburn

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

469

ENERGY DIFFUSION IN HARMONIC SYSTEM WITH CONSERVATIVE NOISE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY DIFFUSION IN HARMONIC SYSTEM WITH CONSERVATIVE NOISE GIADA BASILE AND STEFANO OLLA Abstract. We prove diffusive behaviour of the energy fluctua- tions in a system of harmonic oscillators with a stochastic pertur- bation of the dynamics that conserves energy and momentum. The results concern pinned

470

Understanding and isolating the noise in the Linux kernel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientific applications are interrupted by the operating system far too often. Historically, operating systems have been optimized to time-share a single resource, the CPU. We now have an abundance of cores, but we are still swapping out the application ... Keywords: Linux, jitter, noise, partitioning, scheduling

Hakan Akkan, Michael Lang, Lorie Liebrock

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Probing cell-free gene expression noise in femtoliter volumes  

SciTech Connect

Cell-free systems offer a simplified and flexible context that enables important biological reactions while removing complicating factors such as fitness, division, and mutation that are associated with living cells. However, cell-free expression in unconfined spaces is missing important elements of expression in living cells. In particular, the small volume of living cells can give rise to significant stochastic effects, which are negligible in bulk cell-free reactions. Here, we confine cell-free gene expression reactions to cell relevant 20 fL volumes (between the volumes of E. coli and S. cerevisiae), in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) containers. We demonstrate that expression efficiency varies widely at this volume, and we analyze gene expression noise. Noise analysis reveals signatures of translational bursting while noise dynamics suggest that overall cell-free expression is limited by a diminishing translation rate. In addition to offering a unique approach to understanding noise in gene circuits, our work contributes to a deeper understanding of the biophysical properties of cell-free expression systems, thus aiding efforts to harness cell-free systems for synthetic biology applications.

Karig, David K [ORNL; Jung, Seung-Yong [ORNL; Srijanto, Bernadeta R [ORNL; Collier, Pat [ORNL; Simpson, Michael L [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Injection monitoring with seismic arrays and adaptive noise cancellation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Although the application of seismic methods, active and passive, to monitor in-situ reservoir stimulation processes is not new, seismic arrays and array processing technology coupled with a new noise cancellation method has not been attempted. Successful application of seismic arrays to passively monitor in-situ reservoir stimulation processes depends on being able to sufficiently cancel the expected large amplitude background seismic noise typical of an oil or geothermal production environment so that small amplitude seismic signals occurring at depth can be detected and located. This report describes the results of a short field experiment conducted to test both the application of seismic arrays for in-situ reservoir stimulation monitoring and the active noise cancellation technique in a real reservoir production environment. Although successful application of these techniques to in-situ reservoir stimulation monitoring would have the greatest payoff in the oil industry, the proof-of-concept field experiment site was chosen to be the Geysers geothermal field in northern California. This site was chosen because of known high seismicity rates, a relatively shallow production depth, cooperation and some cost sharing the UNOCAL Oil Corporation, and the close proximity of the site to LLNL. The body of this report describes the Geysers field experimental configuration and then discusses the results of the seismic array processing and the results of the seismic noise cancellation followed by a brief conclusion. 2 refs., 11 figs.

Harben, P.E.; Harris, D.B.; Jarpe, S.P.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

QUANTUM FILTERING OF MARKOV SIGNALS WITH WHITE QUANTUM NOISE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUANTUM FILTERING OF MARKOV SIGNALS WITH WHITE QUANTUM NOISE V. P. BELAVKIN Abstract. Time-continuous non-anticipating quantum processes of nonde- molition measurements are introduced as the dynamical-valued probability measures on the trajectory spaces of the gener- alized temporal observations in quantum open

Belavkin, Viacheslav P.

474

Mitigating Geomagnetic Noise in Airborne Magnetic Surveys using GPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mitigating Geomagnetic Noise in Airborne Magnetic Surveys using GPS S. Skone Department, a limiting factor remains ­ the small-amplitude variations caused by geomagnetic pulsations arising from the correlation of TEC variations with geomagnetic pulsations. Variations in TEC during intervals of Pc 3

Calgary, University of

475

Aero?acoustic noise generation of a lawnmower deck  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sound power and dynamic pressure measurements were used to identify where noise is generated by a single spindle lawnmower deck. The sound powermeasurements were performed with different blades and deck profiles to quantify the overall levels. An electric motor was used to turn the blade

Chris Peak

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Thermal noise informatics: Totally secure communication via a wire; Zero-power communication; and Thermal noise driven computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Very recently, it has been shown that thermal noise and its artificial versions (Johnson-like noises) can be utilized as an information carrier with peculiar properties therefore it may be proper to call this topic Thermal Noise Informatics. Zero Power (Stealth) Communication, Thermal Noise Driven Computing, and Totally Secure Classical Communication are relevant examples. In this paper, while we will briefly describe the first and the second subjects, we shall focus on the third subject, the secure classical communication via wire. This way of secure telecommunication utilizes the properties of Johnson(-like) noise and those of a simple Kirchhoff's loop. The communicator is unconditionally secure at the conceptual (circuit theoretical) level and this property is (so far) unique in communication systems based on classical physics. The communicator is superior to quantum alternatives in all known aspects, except the need of using a wire. In the idealized system, the eavesdropper can extract zero bit of information without getting uncovered. The scheme is naturally protected against the man-in-the-middle attack. The communication can take place also via currently used power lines or phone (wire) lines and it is not only a point-to-point communication like quantum channels but network-ready. Tests have been carried out on a model-line with ranges beyond the ranges of any known direct quantum communication channel and they indicate unrivalled signal fidelity and security performance. This simple device has single-wire secure key generation/sharing rates of 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 bit/second for copper wires with diameters/ranges of 21 mm / 2000 km, 7 mm / 200 km, 2.3 mm / 20 km, and 0.7 mm / 2 km, respectively and it performs with 0.02% raw-bit error rate (99.98 % fidelity).

Laszlo B. Kish; Robert Mingesz; Zoltan gingl

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

White noise assumptions revisited: regression metamodels and experimental designs in practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Classic linear regression metamodels and their concomitant experimental designs assume a univariate (not multivariate) simulation response and white noise. By definition, white noise is normally (Gaussian), independently (implying no common random numbers), ...

Jack P. C. Kleijnen

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Utilization of variation optimization for location of emitter of random noise signal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the paper the information method for optimal location of random noise signal emitter is suggested. The optimization is carried out on energy-information criterion, which makes it possible to locate site of generator of noise signal using geometric ...

H. H. Asadov; N. A. Abdullayev; M. J. Kerimov; E. F. Dadashov

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Distinguishing codes from noise : fundamental limits and applications to sparse communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the problem of distinguishing codes from noise. We develop a slotted channel model where in each time slot, the channel input is either a codeword or a noise sequence. In this model, successful ...

Wang, Da, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Brownian force noise from molecular collisions and the sensitivity of advanced gravitational wave observatories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analysis of Brownian force noise from residual gas damping of reference test masses as a fundamental sensitivity limit in small force experiments. The resulting acceleration noise increases significantly when ...

Evans, Matthew J.

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481

Time-domain non-Monte Carlo noise simulation for nonlinear dynamic circuits with arbitrary excitations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new, time-domain, non-Monte Carlo method for computer simulation of electrical noise in nonlinear dynamic circuits with arbitrary excitations is presented. This time-domain noise simulation ...

Alper Demir; Edward W. Y. Liu; Alberto L. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Noise figure and photon probability distribution in Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The noise figure and photon probability distribution are calculated for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) where an anti-Stokes signal is converted to Stokes. We find that the minimum noise figure is ~ 3dB.

Dimitropoulos, D; Jalali, B; Solli, D R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Analysis of shot noise in the detection of ultrashort optical pulse trains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a frequency domain model of shot noise in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains using a time-varying analysis. Shot noise-limited photocurrent power spectral densities, signal-to-noise expressions, and shot noise spectral correlations are derived that explicitly include the finite response of the photodetector. It is shown that the strength of the spectral correlations in the shot noise depends on the optical pulse width, and that these correlations can create orders-of-magnitude imbalance between the shot noise-limited amplitude and phase noise of photonically generated microwave carriers. It is also shown that only by accounting for spectral correlations can shot noise be equated with the fundamental quantum limit in the detection of optical pulse-to-pulse timing jitter.

Franklyn Quinlan; Tara M. Fortier; Haifeng Jiang; Scott A. Diddams

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

484

Evaluating Laplace Noise Addition to Satisfy Differential Privacy for Numeric Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laplace noise addition is often advanced as an approach for satisfying differential privacy. There have been several illustrations of the application of Laplace noise addition for count data, but no evaluation of its performance for numeric data. In ...

Rathindra Sarathy; Krishnamurty Muralidhar

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Evaluation Ratings Definitions (Excluding Utilization of Small...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(WOSB), HUBZone small business, veteran-owned small business (VOSB) and service disabled veteran owned small business (SDVOSB). Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of...

486

working lunch menus prices excludes VAT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cheese and biscuits with dried apricot and a fresh grape garnish » stuffed organic peppers with cream

487

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Used to Access Groundwater Monitoring Wells South of the Tuba City, Arizona, Uranium Mill Tailing Remedial Action (UMTRA) Title I Ste 05282013 B1.3 LM-01-13 Current and Future...

488

Economically consistent long-term scenarios for air pollutant emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pollutant emissions such as aerosols and tropospheric ozone precursors substantially influence climate. While future century-scale scenarios for these emissions have become more realistic through the inclusion of emission controls, they still potentially lack consistency between surface pollutant concentrations and regional levels of affluence. We demonstrate a methodology combining use of an integrated assessment model and a three-dimensional atmospheric chemical transport model, whereby a reference scenario is constructed by requiring consistent surface pollutant levels as a function of regional income over the 21st century. By adjusting air pollutant emission control parameters, we improve agreement between modeled PM2.5 and economic income among world regions through time; agreement for ozone is also improved but is more difficult to achieve because of the strong influence of upwind world regions. The scenario examined here was used as the basis for one of the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios. This analysis methodology could also be used to examine the consistency of other pollutant emission scenarios.

Smith, Steven J.; West, Jason; Kyle, G. Page

2011-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

489

Finding Connections Among Indoor Noise Criteria, Human Perception, and Worker Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clickity?clickity?clickity?CLACKity … clickity?clickity?clickity?CLACKity … what is creating that background noise in your office

Lily M. Wang; Erica E. Bowden

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

A 50 year comparison of ambient ocean noise near San Clemente Island: A bathymetrically complex coastal region off Southern California.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?1993?. “Wind dependence of deep ocean ambient noise at lowS. M. ?2006?. “Increases in deep ocean ambient noise in theResearch Council ?2003?. Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals ?Na-

McDonald, Mark A; Hildebrand, John A; Wiggins, Sean M; Ross, Donald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Robust variance control for systems with finite-signal-to-noise uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops control analysis and synthesis techniques for systems with finite signal-to-noise-ratios (called the finite-signal-to-noise (FSN) models). The system is characterized by an easily computed measure @f. The control synthesis finds output ... Keywords: Optimal control, Robust control, Robust performance, Signal-to-noise ratio

Jianbo Lu; Robert E. Skelton

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Performance of Non-Polarized Noise Modulated Communications System in the Presence of Interference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The noise modulated non-polarized communication system, developed by us recently, is an ultra-wideband transmitted-reference system designed for secure interferencefree communications. By using ultra-wideband random noise to spread the signal and by ... Keywords: Interference, Noise modulation, Spread spectrum communication, Transmitted reference, Ultrawideband

Jack Chuang; Ram M. Narayanan

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Selection of Thresholding Scheme for Image Noise Reduction on Wavelet Components Using Bayesian Estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods for image noise reduction based on wavelet analysis perform by first decomposing the image and then by applying non-linear compression functions on the wavelet components. The approach commonly used to reduce the noise is to threshold the absolute ... Keywords: Bayesian estimation, Image noise reduction, wavelet analysis

A. De Stefano; P. R. White; W. B. Collis

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Computing combustion noise by combining Large Eddy Simulations with analytical models for the propagation of waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computing combustion noise by combining Large Eddy Simulations with analytical models +++++ Presented by Ignacio Duran Abstract Two mechanisms control combustion noise generation as shown by Marble. A method to calculate combustion-generated noise has been implemented in a tool called CHORUS. The method

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

495

Coping with buffer delay change due to power and ground noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variation of power and ground levels affect VLSI circuit performance. Trends in device technology and in packaging have necessitated a revision in conventional delay models. In particular, simple scalable models are needed to predict delays in the presence ... Keywords: common mode noise, differential mode noise, incremental delay change, power and ground noise

Lauren Hui Chen; Malgorzata Marek-Sadowska; Forrest Brewer

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Performance analysis of multi-antenna OFDM systems with phase noise and imperfect channel estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?OFDM with Phase Noise (? 2 ? = 0.03 ) and ICE BER SNR in dB?OFDM with Phase Noise (? 2 ? = 0.03) and ICE BER SNR in dB?OFDM with Phase Noise (? 2 ? = 0.06) and ICE BER SNR in dB

Jalloh, Mohamed

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Some properties of zero power neutron noise in a time-varying medium with delayed neutrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, there has been a gap between zero power noise and power reactor noise, i.e. in the theory of tem- poral Budapest 114, P.O. Box 49, Hungary c Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Nuclear Engineering of the present authors. Such a treatment gives account of both the so-called zero power reactor noise

Pázsit, Imre

498

Simultaneous shield insertion and net ordering under explicit RLC noise constraint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For multiple coupled RLC nets, we formulate the min-area simultaneous shield insertion and net ordering SINO/NB-&ngr; problem to satisfy the given noise bound. We develop an efficient and conservative model to compute the peak noise, and apply the noise ...

Kevin M. Lepak; Irwan Luwandi; Lei He

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Blogger, stick to your story: modeling topical noise in blogs with coherence measures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topical noise in blogs arises when bloggers digress from the central topical thrust of their blogs. We introduce a method to explicitly incorporate a model of topical noise into a language modeling approach to the task of blog distillation. Topical noise ... Keywords: blog distillation, coherence measures, language models

Jiyin He; Wouter Weerkamp; Martha Larson; Maarten de Rijke

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Noise-Tolerant Model of a Ternary Inverter Based on Markov Random Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A noise-tolerant model of a ternary inverter is proposed based on extension of Markov Random Field (MRF). Simulation results are reported to justify the noise immunity of this model using PSPICE and 16-nm Berkeley CMOS technology. Keywords: ternary inverter, noise-tolerance, Markov random field model

Golam Tangim, Svetlana N. Yanushkevich, Seiya Kasai, Vlad P. Shmerko

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z