National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for nm ny nc

  1. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID ID IL KY MD MO NM NM NY NY OH SC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MO NM NM NY NY OH SC TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory General Atomics Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Aberdeen Proving Grounds National Security Technologies Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory CH2M Hill B&W West Valley, LLC Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant

  2. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID ID IL KY MD NM NM NV NY NY OH TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NM NM NV NY NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory General Atomics Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Aberdeen Proving Ground Los Alamos National Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory National Security Technologies Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant

  3. Origin State>> CA ID ID ID IL KY MD NM NM NY NY OH SC TN TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MD NM NM NY NY OH SC TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Aberdeen Proving Ground Los Alamos National Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Savannah River Site Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox

  4. Origin State>> CA ID ID ID IL MD NM NM NV NY NY OH SC TN TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NV NY NY OH SC TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory National Security Technologies Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Savannah River Site Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox & Wilcox

  5. Origin State>> CA ID ID IL IL KY NM NM NV NY OH TN TN TN, WA,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IL IL KY NM NM NV NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Energx Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory National Security Technologies West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12 Plant

  6. NC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NC π 0 Production in the MiniBooNE Antineutrino Data V. T. Nguyen, for the MiniBooNE Collaboration Department of Physics, Columbia University Abstract. The single largest background to future ¯ ν µ → ¯ ν e (ν µ → ν e ) oscillation searches is neutral current π 0 production. MiniBooNE, which began taking antineutrino data in January 2006, has the world's largest sample of π 0 's produced by antineutrinos in the 1 GeV energy range. These neutral pions are primarily produced through

  7. Origin State>> CA ID ID ID IL MD NM NM NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12 Plant Materials & Energy Corporation (M&EC) Perma-Fix

  8. Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside NY | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside NY Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside NY Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside NY. Memorandumtoreader.pd...

  9. Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NY Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY, July 8, 2004. sylvaniacorporation.pdf PDF icon Sylvania Corporation, ...

  10. Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY - Addendum...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NY - Addendum to July 8, 2004 Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY - Addendum to July 8, 2004 Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY - Addendum to ...

  11. Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY - Addendum to July

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8, 2004 | Department of Energy NY - Addendum to July 8, 2004 Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY - Addendum to July 8, 2004 Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY - Addendum to July 8, 2004, additional_sylvania.pdf memorandum Date: October 6, 2004 Reply to Attn of: Department of Energy Headquarters FOIA/Privacy Act Office Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY - Addendum to July 8, 2004 (11.46 KB) More Documents & Publications Index2.doc

  12. NY-Sun Loan Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    NY-Sun loan program is part of broader NY-Sun Initiative program to accelerate the use of solar PV across the State. In addition to cash incentives, NY-Sun Initiative also provides State sponsored...

  13. Renewable Heat NY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    NOTE: On August 2015, NYSERDA increased the incentive levels for technologies offered under the Renewable Heat NY program. In general, new incentives fund up to 45% of the total project cost, which...

  14. Category:Syracuse, NY | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    KB SVLargeOffice Syracuse NY Consolidated Edison Co-NY Inc.png SVLargeOffice Syracuse... 68 KB SVMediumOffice Syracuse NY Consolidated Edison Co-NY Inc.png SVMediumOffice...

  15. ACIM-~ NY.49

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ' h:. ,,, ,_" , ACIM-~ NY.49 .,. i MEMORANDUM TO: FILE DATE FE: __~-tt_c~7' e_-_~-~------- --------- "%Kf-- ---- ---i------- Current: ~~~~~~--------__---_______ xf yee, date contacted- IVPE OF OPERATION f- ------------- Research & Development 0 Production scale testing 0 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process z Theoretical Studies Sample 84 Analysis 0 Production 0 Disposal/Storage a Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Fat a Other

  16. Category:Rochester, NY | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Rochester NY Consolidated Edison Co-NY Inc.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 70 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Rochester NY...

  17. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Buffalo NY Site - NY 54

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... 19, 1992 NY.54-3 - U.S. Government (Tonawanda Sub-Office) Memorandum; Hershman to Smith; Subject: Transmittal of Monthly Progress Report for October, October 21, 1952. ...

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Guterl Specialty Steel - NY 12

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Guterl Specialty Steel - NY 12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Guterl Specialty Steel, NY Alternate Name(s): Simonds Saw and Steel Co. Guterl Steel Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp. NY.12-1 NY.12-2 Location: Ohio Street and Route 95, Lockport, New York NY.12-12 Historical Operations: Performed rolling mill operations on natural uranium and thorium metal. NY.12-6 NY.12-7 Eligibility Determination: NY.12-11 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys NY.12-1 NY.12-4 NY.12-8 NY.12-9 NY.12-12 Site Status: Cleanup

  19. NY Solar Map and Portal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The NY Solar Map and Portal helps New Yorkers determine the advantages of going solar by providing detailed and localized information about a customer's solar potential. Supported by the SunShot...

  20. Category:Greensboro, NC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Greensboro NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 68 KB SVHospital Greensboro NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVHospital Greensboro ... 67...

  1. Western NY Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Western NY Energy LLC Place: Mount Morris, New York Zip: 14510 Product: Bioethanol producer. References: Western NY Energy LLC1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  2. AER NY Kinetics LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AER NY Kinetics LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: AER NY Kinetics LLC Address: PO Box 585 21 Entrance Avenue Place: Ogdensburg Zip: 13669 Region: United States Sector: Marine...

  3. Upstate NY Power Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NY Power Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Upstate NY Power Corp Place: West Seneca, New York Zip: 14224-3454 Sector: Wind energy Product: Developer of clean energy projects...

  4. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Syracuse University - NY 29

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Syracuse University - NY 29 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY (NY.29) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Syracuse , New York NY.29-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 NY.29-2 Site Operations: Activities included work with uranium oxide and the precipitation of thorium iodate from homogeneous solution. NY.29-1 NY.29-3 NY.29-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NY.29-2 Radioactive Materials

  5. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Colonie - NY 06

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Colonie - NY 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Colonie, NY Alternate Name(s): Colonie Interim Storage Site National Lead Industries NY.06-1 Location: 1130 Central Avenue, Colonie, New York NY.06-1 Historical Operations: Fabricated and processed uranium metal for the AEC, resulting in contamination from thorium and natural, enriched, and depleted uranium. NY.06-1 NY.06-4 NY.06-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NY.06-2 NY.06-3 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys, Verification Surveys NY.06-6

  6. NC CSC Open Science Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This three-day conference will bring the regional climate research community (North Central region universities, DOI agencies, and other research institutions) and stakeholders, including local, federal, and tribal resource managers and leaders, to foster productive engagement, interactions, and involvement with the North Central Climate Science Center (NC CSC). The conference will strive to identify emerging research issues and topics.

  7. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Gleason Works - NY 55

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Gleason Works - NY 55 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: GLEASON WORKS (NY.55 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Rochester , New York NY.55-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 NY.55-2 Site Operations: Metal fabrication operations - Rolled uranium metal. NY.55-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote NY.55-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium NY.55-1

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Hooker Chemical Co - NY 05

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Hooker Chemical Co - NY 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Hooker Chemical Co. (NY.05) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Occidental Chemical Corporation Hooker Electrochemical Corporation NY.05-1 NY.05-2 Location: Niagara Falls , New York NY.05-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 NY.05-1 NY.05-2 Site Operations: Design, engineering, construction, equipping and operation of a plant for the manufacture of Product 45 (xylene hexachloride); MFL (Miller's

  9. NY_8076404_nightfall.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information NY_8076404_nightfall

  10. NY Green Bank | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    sector to address and alleviate market and financial barriers preventing a thriving clean energy marketplace. NY Green Bank does not accept deposits or offer retail loans, and...

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- ACF Industries Inc - NY...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    No radioactive materials used at the site. NY.13-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Declared clean by AEC and returned to the prime tenant NY.13-1 NY.13-3 Radioactive Materials ...

  12. NY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (KAPL). Receipt of radioactive waete was diecontinued in ... Confi'metion of January la8l Survey Reeults Ganrna-Ray Exposure Rates The expoeure rateo ...

  13. North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics from Durham, NC and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Albuquerque Academy from Albuquerque, NM Win the U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl | Department of Energy Carolina School of Science and Mathematics from Durham, NC and Albuquerque Academy from Albuquerque, NM Win the U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics from Durham, NC and Albuquerque Academy from Albuquerque, NM Win the U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl May 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - A

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Columbia University - NY 03

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Columbia University - NY 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Columbia University (NY.03 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New York , New York NY.03-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 NY.03-2 NY.03-3 Site Operations: Early research and development -- nuclear chain reaction (fission) and gaseous diffusion during the 1940s. NY.03-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria - Indication of university sponsored

  15. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Markite Co - NY 49

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Markite Co - NY 49 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: MARKITE CO. (NY.49 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 155 Waverly Place , New York , New York NY.49-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.49-2 Site Operations: Conducted experiments with very small amounts of uranium and thorium. NY.49-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Handled limited amounts of radioactive materials - Potential for contamination remote NY.49-2 Radioactive Materials

  16. US MidAtl NY Site Consumption

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MidAtl NY Site Consumption million Btu 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 US ... 8,000 10,000 12,000 US MidAtl NY Site Consumption kilowatthours 0 250 500 750 1,000 ...

  17. New York Battery and Energy Storage Technology Consortium NY...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Battery and Energy Storage Technology Consortium NY BEST Jump to: navigation, search Name: New York Battery and Energy Storage Technology Consortium (NY-BEST) Place: Albany, New...

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- National Carbon Co - NY 48

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Carbon Co - NY 48 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NATIONAL CARBON CO (NY.48) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New York , New York NY.48-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.48-2 Site Operations: Produced graphite for the MED/AEC. NY.48-1 NY.48-2 NY.48-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for residual radioactive contamination considered remote - No indication that radioactive material was used on the site NY.48-2 Radioactive

  19. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- New York University - NY 50

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    University - NY 50 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NEW YORK UNIVERSITY (NY.50) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New York , New York NY.50-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.50-1 Site Operations: Activities were related to equipment development. Counters and a small quantity of uranium oxide were provided by the AEC for work under contract AT(30-1)-1256. NY.50-2 NY.50-3 NY.50-4 NY.50-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for

  20. NC Sustainable Energy Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: NC Sustainable Energy Association Address: PO Box 6465 Place: Raleigh Zip: 27628 Number of Employees: 1-10 Year Founded: 1978 Phone...

  1. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Railway Express Office - NY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    0-03 Railway Express Office - NY 0-03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: American Railway Express Office (NY.0-03 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: American Railway Express (Downtown) , New York , New York NY.0-03-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-03-1 Site Operations: None - Involved with a fire during transport of uranium scrap. NY.0-03-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NY.0-03-1 NY.0-03-2

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Electromet Corporation - NY 04

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Electromet Corporation - NY 04 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Electromet Corporation (NY.04 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to US EPA and New York State Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 4625 Royal Avenue , Niagara Falls , New York NY.04-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 NY.04-2 NY.04-3 Site Operations: Cast zirconium sponge into ingots in the 1950s. NY.04-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority NY.04-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Seaway Industrial Park - NY 09

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Seaway Industrial Park - NY 09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Seaway Industrial Park, NY Alternate Name(s): Seaway Industrial Landfill Seaway Landfill Charles St. Plant NY.09-2 NY.09-3 Location: River Road, Tonawanda, New York NY.09-4 Historical Operations: Received approximately 6,000 cubic yards of low-grade uranium mill tailings and processing residues from the Ashland (Tonawanda North Units 1 and 2) sites. NY.09-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NY.09-1 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment

  4. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sylvania Corning Plant - NY 19

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Plant - NY 19 FUSRAP Considered Sites Sylvania-Corning, NY Alternate Name(s): Sylvania Electric Products, Inc. Sylvania Corp. NY.19-1 NY.19-4 Location: Cantiaque Road, Hicksville, Long Island, New York NY.19-5 Historical Operations: Pilot-scale production of powdered metal uranium slugs for AEC's Hanford reactor. NY.19-4 Eligibility Determination: Eligible Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Survey NY.19-3 Site Status: Cleanup in progress by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. USACE Website Long-term

  5. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Buflovak Co - NY 56

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Buflovak Co - NY 56 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Buflovak Co. (NY.56 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 1543 Fillmore Ave. , Buffalo , New York NY.56-1 Evaluation Year: 1991 NY.56-2 Site Operations: Research and testing with uranium raffinate. NY.56-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Possibility for contamination considered remote due to scope of tests conducted and indication of cleanup operations after tests

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn - NY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    0-19 Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn - NY 0-19 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NY.0-19 (POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE OF BROOKLYN) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New York , New York NY.0-19-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-19-1 Site Operations: Research and development involving only small quantities of radiological material in a controlled environment. NY.0-19-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote

  7. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Radiation Applications Inc - NY 57

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Radiation Applications Inc - NY 57 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: RADIATION APPLICATIONS, INC. ( NY.57 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: RAI NY.57-1 Location: 370 Lexington Avenue , New York , New York NY.57-3 Evaluation Year: 1991 NY.57-4 Site Operations: Developed foam separation techniques and proposed investigations to remove cesium and strontium from fission product waste solutions. No indication that a substantial quantity of

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sacandaga - NY 51

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Sacandaga - NY 51 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SACANDAGA (NY.51) Eliminated - Condition certified Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 823 Sacandaga Road , Glenville , New York NY.51-1 Evaluation Year: 1992 NY.51-2 Site Operations: Plant operated by General Electric during period spanning 1947 to 1951. Facilities housed studies involving radar, physics studies and sodium technology development. NY.51-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria

  9. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Youngsville Warehouse - NC 02

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Youngsville Warehouse - NC 02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Youngsville Warehouse (NC.02) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - No AEC involvement indicated Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: General Atomic NC.02-1 Location: Youngsville , North Carolina NC.02-2 Evaluation Year: Not Applicable - No record that cleanup of the site under FUSRAP was formally considered. Site Operations: Thorium storage facility. NC.02-3 NC.02-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Commercial operation

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- North Carolina State University - NC

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    01 Carolina State University - NC 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY (NC.01) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: North Carolina State College NC.01-1 Location: Raleigh , North Carolina NC.01-1 Evaluation Year: 1993 NC.01-2 Site Operations: Performed investigative research concerning the measurement of the thermal properties of certain granular materials in 1953 and 1954. NC.01-1 NC.01-4 NC.01-5 Site

  11. The 1/Nc Expansion in Baryons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jose L. Goity, Chandana Jayalath, Norberto N. Scoccola

    2010-08-01

    The 1/N_c expansion in baryons is discussed with two applications, namely baryon masses and partial decay widths. These applications provide the basic insights on the utility of the expansion.

  12. NC GreenPower Production Incentive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NC GreenPower, a statewide green power program designed to encourage the use of renewable energy in North Carolina, offers production payments for grid-tied electricity generated by solar, wind, ...

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Staten Island Warehouse - NY 22

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Staten Island Warehouse - NY 22 FUSRAP Considered Sites Staten Island Warehouse, NY Alternate Name(s): Archer-Daniels Midland Company NY.22-3 Location: 2393 Richmond Terrace, Port Richmond, New York NY.22-2 Historical Operations: Stored pitchblende (high-grade uranium ore), which was purchased by the MED for the first atomic bomb. NY.22-3 Eligibility Determination: Eligible Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Survey NY.22-5 Site Status: Referred by DOE, evaluation in progess by U.S. Army Corps of

  14. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID IL KY NJ NM NY NY NV OH OH OH SC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mix Wastew Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Demonstration Project National Security Technologies, Inc. Mound Closure Project Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Fernald Closure Project Savannah River Site BWXT Y-12 Plant Duratek Nuclear Fuels UT-Battelle Bechtel Jacobs Permafix M&EC EnergX (Foster Wheeler) Pantex Plant SOUTHERN I-15, CA-127,

  15. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID IL KY NJ NM NY NY NV OH OH OH SC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Demonstration Project National Security Technologies, Inc. Mound Closure Project Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Fernald Closure Project Savannah River Site BWXT Y-12 Plant Duratek Nuclear Fuels UT-Battelle Bechtel Jacobs Permafix M&EC EnergX (formerly Foster Wheeler) Pantex Plant SOUTHERN I-15,

  16. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID IL KY NJ NM NY NY NV OH OH SC TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SC TN TN TN TN TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Boeing/Rocketdyne Idaho National Labaratoy Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Demonstration Project National Security Technologies, Inc. Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Fernald Closure Project Savannah River Site BWXT Y-12 Plant Duratek

  17. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Love Canal - NY 24

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    NY.24-1 - DOE MemorandumChecklist; Jones to File; Subject: Elimination - Love Canal; April 30, 1987 NY.24-3 - Report; Smith to Fink; Preliminary Report of New York State Assembly ...

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Ledoux and Co - NY 37

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Ledoux and Co - NY 37 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LEDOUX AND CO. (NY.37 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 155 Avenue of the Americas , New York , New York NY.37-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.37-1 Site Operations: Prime contractor to AEC, African Metals. LeDoux handled radioactive materials under this contract at other locations; records indicate that radioactive materials were not sent to the New York office.

  19. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute - NY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    18 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute - NY 18 Site ID (CSD Index Number): NY.18 Site Name: RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE Site Summary: Site Link: External Site Link: Alternate Name(s): None Alternate Name Documents: Location: Troy , New York Location Documents: NY.18-1 Historical Operations (describe contaminants): Research activities involving small quantities of radioactive materials in a controlled environment - under AEC license. Historical Operations Documents: NY.18-1 Eligibility

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Seneca Army Depot - NY 11

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Seneca Army Depot - NY 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SENECA ARMY DEPOT (NY.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Romulus , New York Evaluation Year: 1985 NY.11-2 NY.11-3 Site Operations: Eleven bunkers were used to store approximately 2,000 drums of pitchblende ore in the early 1940's. The bunkers were returned to munitions storage service after removal of the ore drums. NY.11-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Referred to

  1. NlZWYORK4,N.Y.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFRICAN .METALS~ C~RPO~~XON 41 BROAD STREET . i. ,,J iI: : LE OCT 2 2 1945 NlZWYORK4,N.Y. :October 5, 1945. Af-2-a L.: I.__: '../ . ._ The Area Engineer, U.S. Engineer Office, P.O. BOX 42, Station F., New York 16, N.Y. Gentlemen: Contract W-7405 eng-4. Reference is made to your letter EIDM A-33 MS of August 27th, 1945. Contract W-7405 eng-4 called for the delivery of 100 T of M-31, the M308 content of which was sold to you, whereas we reserved all rights to the R-l contained therein. We hereby

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Machine and Foundry Co - NY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    26 NY 26 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: American Machine and Foundry Co ( NY.26 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Lutheran Medical Center NY.26-1 Location: Second Avenue and 56th Street , Brooklyn , New York NY.26-2 Evaluation Year: 1992 NY.26-1 Site Operations: 1951 - 1954 conducted metal fabrication operation on uranium and thorium metals. NY.26-3 NY.26-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote

  3. NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia PowerCP&L System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and...

  4. N.C. Solar Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    C. Solar Center Jump to: navigation, search Name: N.C. Solar Center Address: NCSU, Box 7401 Place: Raleigh, NC Zip: 27695 Number of Employees: 11-50 Year Founded: 1988 Website:...

  5. Business Council of Westchester County (NY) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    101 Place: White Plains, New York Zip: 10604 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Sector: Services Product: Green Power Marketer Website: www.westchesterny.org Coordinates:...

  6. NY-Sun PV Incentive Program (Residential and Small Business)...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NY-Sun CommercialIndustrial Incentive program that offers incentives for grid connected PV systems larger than 200 KW. The New York State Energy Research and Development...

  7. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: AquaZephyr, Ithaca, NY...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AquaZephyr, Ithaca, NY DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: AquaZephyr, Ithaca, NY Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in Ithaca, NY, that achieves a HERS 56 without PV or ...

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Crucible Steel Co of America - NY 34

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Crucible Steel Co of America - NY 34 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Crucible Steel Co. of America (NY.34 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Syracuse , New York NY.34-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.34-1 Site Operations: Research and Development; Small amount of Thorium forged and rolled; Large amounts of non-radioactive metals provided to the AEC. NY.34-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NY.34-1

  9. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Enterprise Metal Products - NY 0-10

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Enterprise Metal Products - NY 0-10 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Enterprise Metal Products (NY.0-10 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Brooklyn , New York NY.0-10-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-10-1 Site Operations: Machined magnesium metal NY.0-10-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NY.0-10-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Fordham University - NY 0-12

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Fordham University - NY 0-12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Fordham University (NY.0-12 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New York , New York NY.0-12-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-12-1 Site Operations: Research and development involving small quantities of radioactive material in a controlled environment NY.0-12-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NY.0-12-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Linde Air Products Div - Buffalo - NY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    65 Div - Buffalo - NY 65 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LINDE AIR PRODUCTS DIV. BUFFALO (NY.65 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Linde Chandler Street Plant NY.65-1 Location: Buffalo , New York NY.65-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.65-1 Site Operations: Developed and produced non-radioactive material for the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant under contract with the AEC. NY.65-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No indication that

  12. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Simmons Machine and Tool Inc - NY 35

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Simmons Machine and Tool Inc - NY 35 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SIMMONS MACHINE AND TOOL, INC (NY.35) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 1000 North Broadway , Albany , New York NY.35-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.35-2 Site Operations: Tested equipment and machined uranium to test the equipment (one time event). NY.35-1 NY.35-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to limited scope

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Eastman Kodak Laboratory - NY 0-09

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Eastman Kodak Laboratory - NY 0-09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Eastman Kodak Laboratory (NY.0-09 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Eastman Kodak Rochester Lab NY.0-09-1 Location: Rochester , New York NY.0-09-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-09-1 NY.0-09-2 Site Operations: Research and development with natural uranium solutions in 1943. NY.0-09-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NY.0-09-2 Radioactive

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Linde Air Products Division - NY 08

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Division - NY 08 FUSRAP Considered Sites Linde Air Products Division - Towanda, NY Alternate Name(s): Praxair Linde Aire Products Div. of Union Carbide Corp. Linde Ceramics Plant Uranium Refinery, Linde Site NY.08-4 Location: East Park Drive and Woodward, Tonawanda, New York NY.08-5 Historical Operations: Processed uranium compounds for MED and AEC. Includes Towanda Landfill as a VP. NY.08-1 NY.08-2 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NY.08-9 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys NY.08-3

  15. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Radium Chemical Co Inc - NY 60

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Radium Chemical Co Inc - NY 60 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: RADIUM CHEMICAL CO., INC (NY.60 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New York , New York NY.60-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.60-1 Site Operations: Commercial Producer of Radium. NY.60-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Commercial site - EPA cleanup project NY.60-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes NY.60-1 Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radium NY.60-1

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Ferro Metal and Chemical Co - NY 42

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Ferro Metal and Chemical Co - NY 42 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Ferro Metal & Chemical Co. (NY.42 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 50 Broad Street , New York , New York NY.42-1 NY.42-2 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.42-2 Site Operations: Procured uranium from foreign sources. No record of radioactive material at this site NY.42-1 NY.42-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No indication that radioactive materials were used at

  17. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Floyd Bennett Field - NY 0-11

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Floyd Bennett Field - NY 0-11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Floyd Bennett Field (NY.0-11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Naval Air Station NY.0-11-1 Location: Buildings 67 and 69 , Brooklyn , New York NY.0-11-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-11-1 Site Operations: The Air station was considered by the AEC but was not used. NY.0-11-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No involvement with MED/AEC operations NY.0-11-1 Radioactive Materials

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Union Mines Development Corp - NY 0-22

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Mines Development Corp - NY 0-22 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: UNION MINES DEVELOPMENT CORP. (NY.0-22) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Union Carbide NY.0-22-1 Location: New York , New York NY.0-22-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-22-1 Site Operations: The company owned uranium mines or reserves located in the western U.S. NY.0-22-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No reason to believe radioactive material was used at this site NY.0-22-1

  19. NY-Sun Commerical/Industrial Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) through NY-Sun Commercial/Industrial Incentive Program (PON 3082) provides incentives for installation of non-residential new grid...

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Colonie - NY 06

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    of Engineers but will eventually transfer to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. NY.06-1 - DOE Report (DOEOR20722-53); Colonie Interim Storage Site...

  1. RenewableNY - An Industrial Energy Conservation Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lubarr, Tzipora

    2009-09-30

    The New York Industrial Retention Network (NYIRN) manages the RenewableNY program to assist industrial companies in New York City to implement energy efficiency projects. RenewableNY provides companies with project management assistance and grants to identify opportunities for energy savings and implement energy efficiency projects. The program helps companies identify energy efficient projects, complete an energy audit, and connect with energy contractors who install renewable energy and energy efficient equipment. It also provides grants to help cover the costs of installation for new systems and equipment. RenewableNY demonstrates that a small grant program that also provides project management assistance can incentivize companies to implement energy efficiency projects that might otherwise be avoided. Estimated savings through RenewableNY include 324,500 kWh saved through efficiency installations, 158 kW of solar energy systems installed, and 945 thm of gas avoided.

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Ithaca Gun Co Inc - NY 53

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Ithaca Gun Co Inc - NY 53 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: ITHACA GUN CO., INC. (NY.53 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 123 Lake Street , Ithaca , New York NY.53-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 NY.53-2 Site Operations: Conducted tests involving the forging of hollow uranium billets into tubes for the AEC. Also investigated alternative methods of producing fuel cores. NY.53-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No radioactive

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Utica Street Warehouse - NY 0-23

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Street Warehouse - NY 0-23 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: UTICA STREET WAREHOUSE (NY.0-23) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 240 West Utica Street , Buffalo , New York NY.0-23-2 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-23-1 Site Operations: Stored and rebarrelled uranium process residues from operations at Linde. NY.0-23-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Original building demolished. Current land use - Parking facility. Potential for

  4. New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY This presentation on the NYSERDA Hydrogen Program was given on July 12, 2006. education_presentation_nyserda.pdf (2.64 MB) More Documents & Publications NYSERDA's RPS Customer Sited Tier Fuel Cell Program State of the States: Fuel Cells in America 2014 State of the States: Fuel Cells in America 2010

  5. Los Alamos technology to be featured on CSI: NY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LANL technology featured on CSI: NY Los Alamos technology to be featured on CSI: NY The multipurpose "sampler gun" rapidly collects and tracks radiological, chemical, and biological samples in solid, liquid, or gaseous forms. March 27, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Pfohl Brothers Landfill - NY 66

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Pfohl Brothers Landfill - NY 66 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Pfohl Brothers Landfill (NY.66 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Five-Year Review Report Pfohl Brothers Landfill Superfund Site Erie County Town of Cheektowaga, New York EPA REGION 2 Congressional District(s): 30 Erie Cheektowaga NPL LISTING HISTORY Documents

  7. Origin State>> CA ID ID ID IL KY NV NY NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NV NY NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant National Security Technologies Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12 Plant Materials & Energy Corporation

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- African Metals - NY 0-01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    African Metals - NY 0-01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: African Metals (NY 0-01) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Afrimet NY.0-01-1 Location: 41 Broad Street , New York , New York NY.0-01-2 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-01-1 Site Operations: U.S. Agent for Union Miniere du Haut Katanga; site of the main corporate offices; no radioactive materials handled at this location. NY.0-01-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No potential for

  9. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Colorado Fuel and Iron - NY 0-08

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Fuel and Iron - NY 0-08 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Colorado Fuel and Iron (NY.0-08 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Watervliet , New York NY.0-08-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-08-1 Site Operations: Site was a contractor to DuPont. Exact nature of operations is not clear. No records to indicate that radioactive materials were handled at the site. NY.0-08-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated NY.0-08-1 Radioactive Materials

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Frederick Flader Inc - NY 0-13

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Frederick Flader Inc - NY 0-13 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Frederick Flader, Inc. (NY.0-13 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Frederick Flader Division of Eaton Manufacturing Co. NY.0-13-1 Location: 583 Division Street , N. Tonawanda , New York NY.0-13-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-13-1 Site Operations: Provided consulting services and supported development of auxiliary equipment related to nuclear power NY.0-13-1 Site Disposition:

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Long Island College of Medicine - NY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    0-14 Long Island College of Medicine - NY 0-14 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Long Island College of Medicine (NY.0-14 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New York , New York NY.0-14-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-14-1 Site Operations: Performed research utilizing small quantities of radioactive materials in a controlled environment. NY.0-14-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NY.0-14-1

  12. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Lucius Pitkin - NY 0-15

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Lucius Pitkin - NY 0-15 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Lucius Pitkin (NY.0-15 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 47 Fulton Street , New York , New York NY.0-15-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-15-1 Site Operations: No MED or AED work done at this site. Contractor supervised activities at Middlesex Sampling Plant in Middlesex, NJ such as assaying, sampling and weighing of ore. NY.0-15-1 NY.0-15-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Memorial Hospital - NY 0-16

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Memorial Hospital - NY 0-16 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: MEMORIAL HOSPITAL (NY.0-16 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New York , New York NY.0-16-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-16-1 Site Operations: Conducted studies for MED including a "Physiological Study of Sunbath Treatments." Involvement with radioactive materials unknown. NY.0-16-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NY.0-16-1

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Pyroferric Co - NY 0-20

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Pyroferric Co - NY 0-20 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: PYROFERRIC CO. (NY.0-20) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 621 E. 216th Street , New York , New York NY.0-20-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-20-1 Site Operations: One small scale experiment was conducted with non-radioactive material. NY.0-20-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated NY.0-20-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: No Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Radiological

  15. NC GreenPower Renewable Energy Credit Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NC GreenPower is requesting proposals for renewable energy credits associated with renewable energy, such as solar, PV, wind, small hydro of 10 MW or less, generated in North Carolina and supplied to the North Carolina electric grid.

  16. Santa Fe, NM 87506

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    July 31, 2014 Ms. Kimberly Davis Lebak Manager Los Alamos Field Office 3747 West Jemez Road, MS A316 Los Alamos, NM 87544 Mr. Pete Maggiore Assistant Manager for Environmental Operations 3747 West Jemez Road, MS A316 Los Alamos, NM 87544 Dear Ms. Lebak and Mr. Maggiore, I am pleased to enclose Recommendation 2014-02, unanimously approved by the Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board at its July 30 th meeting in Santa Fe. Please call Lee Bishop, DDFO or Menice Santistevan, Executive

  17. Champlain, NY Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) (Million Cubic Feet) Champlain, NY Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 63 2015 1 2 1 2 20 2016 56 76 20 20 3 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Champlain, NY LNG Imports from All Countr

  18. Submit Your Ideas for the NY Energy Data Jam | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Submit Your Ideas for the NY Energy Data Jam Submit Your Ideas for the NY Energy Data Jam June 19, 2013 - 11:03am Q&A What idea would you present at the Data Jam? Join the...

  19. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory - NY 16

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory - NY 16 Site ID (CSD Index Number): NY.16 Site Name: Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory Site Summary: Site Link: External Site Link: http://www.knollslab.com/ Alternate Name(s): Peek Street Facility Knolls Atomic Power Lab of General Electric, Schnectady Alternate Name Documents: Location: Niskayuna, NY and West Milton, NY Location Documents: Historical Operations (describe contaminants): The site was considered because it provided support to the Atomic Energy

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Utica Drop Forge and Tool Corp - NY 39

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Drop Forge and Tool Corp - NY 39 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: UTICA DROP FORGE & TOOL CORP. (NY.39) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Utica , New York NY.39-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 NY.39-2 Site Operations: Interest expressed by Utica Drop Forge & Tool Corporation to Conduct Uranium Forging and Casting for the AEC. No indication that the contractor actually did a substantial amount of work of this nature at

  1. Santa Fe, NM 87506

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Large Format Carbon Enhanced VRLA Battery Test Results EESAT 2009 Funded by the Energy Storage Systems Program of the U.S. Department Of Energy (DOE/ESS) through Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) October 4 - 7, 2009 Seattle, Washington Presented by: Tom Hund Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM (505) 844-8627 tdhund@sandia.gov *Sandia is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear

  2. Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wellington, Andre

    2014-03-31

    The Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY (Interoperability Project) was awarded to Con Edison in 2009. The objective of the project was to develop and demonstrate methodologies to enhance the ability of customer sited Demand Response resources to integrate more effectively with electric delivery companies and regional transmission organizations.

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wolff-Alport and Co - NY 30

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Wolff-Alport and Co - NY 30 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Wolff-Alport and Co (NY.30) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to US EPA Region II and New York City Department of Health Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 1127 Irving Avenue , Brooklyn , New York NY.30-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.30-1 Site Operations: Commercial operation -- sold thorium residues to the AEC, which in turn shipped the residues to Maywood for storage. NY.30-2 Site Disposition:

  4. Santa Fe, NM 87506

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    5 Ms. Christine Gelles, Acting Manager EM-LA Field Office 3747 West Jemez Road, MS A316 Los Alamos, NM 87544 Dear Ms. Gelles, I am pleased to enclose Recommendation 2015-03, unanimously approved by the Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board at its April 8, 2015 Combined Committee meeting in Pojoaque, New Mexico. Please call Lee Bishop, Co-DDFO, Michael Gardipe, Co-DDFO, or Menice Santistevan, Executive Director, if you have questions regarding this recommendation. We look forward to the

  5. Buffalo, NY Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Million Cubic Feet) Buffalo, NY Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 1 1 1 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  6. KP-NC-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NC-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-NC-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia PowerDuke Energy Progress System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available ...

  7. VA VT CT RI MT WY CO ID UT OR NV CA AZ NM WA TN WV NC AR OK

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 1 Locations of Smart Grid Demonstration and Large-Scale Energy Storage Projects NH 32 Awards Support Projects in 24 States 6 11 MA

  8. VA VT CT RI MT WY CO ID UT OR NV CA AZ NM WA TN WV NC AR OK

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 1 Smart Grid Demonstration Project Locations NH MA 16 Awards Support Projects in 21 States

  9. VA VT CT RI MT WY CO ID UT OR NV CA AZ NM WA TN WV NC AR OK

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7 2 1 Energy Storage Demonstration Project Locations NH 16 Awards Support Projects in 9 States MA

  10. VA VT CT RI MT WY CO ID UT OR NV CA AZ NM WA TN WV NC AR OK

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 1 Locations of Smart Grid Demonstration and Large-Scale Energy Storage Projects NH 32 Awards Support Projects in 24 States 6 11 MA

  11. I?raak Nuke, NXOO Leaa Km&l, NY00

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    W. ti. &&n,Nor I?raak Nuke, NXOO Leaa Km&l, NY00 fjlrt~olfloatlon Camad .- ,' I i 2 Jr,' ; !

  12. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Greenhill Contracting, New Paltz, NY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy New Paltz, NY DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Greenhill Contracting, New Paltz, NY DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Greenhill Contracting, New Paltz, NY Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in New Paltz, NY, that achieved a HERS score of 37 without PV or 7 with 7.5-kW PV. The two-story 2,288-ft2 home is one of 9 certified homes. All of the homes have R-22 ICF walls, R-20 closed-cell spray foam under the slab, a ground-source heat pump with

  13. FIRST Robotics at NY Tech Valley | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pit Boss Reflects on Bot Challenge Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Pit Boss Reflects on Bot Challenge Lynn DeRose 2015.03.27 Hi everyone, from BBQ to robots all in the same week! This past weekend I had the privilege to volunteer at the FIRST(tm) Robotics Competition (FRC) NY Tech Valley Regional at RPI.

  14. Microsoft PowerPoint - Xie_twpice_NY06.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Variational Analysis of Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP_ICE) Data (01/22/2006 - 2/13/2006) The TWP_ICE Workshop , NASA/GISS, New York, NY, 13-15 November, 2006 A joint effort between LLNL (Xie, McCoy, Klein), BMRC (Hume, Jakob), SUNYSB (Zhang), and other TWPICE participants 143km 130km 172km 99km 148km A Quick Update Done! 3-hourly radiosondes (6 stations) Background field from the ECMWF analysis Radar precipitation Surface turbulence fluxes from Monash University (Darwin

  15. Champlain, NY Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Champlain, NY Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 63 2015 1 2 1 2 20 2016 56 76 20 20 3 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Ga

  16. NM Invest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Invest Jump to: navigation, search Name: NM Invest Place: Tyler, Texas Zip: 75703 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Texas-based mezzanine investor to renewable projects, primarily...

  17. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Land Surveying Preconstruction Meeting. August 13, 1982. NM.01-9 - Letter, R.L. Copper to G. Dawson. September 10, 1982. Required items for Purchase Contract 14501-01...

  18. The Nc dependencies of baryon masses: Analysis with Lattice QCD and Effective Theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calle Cordon, Alvaro C.; DeGrand, Thomas A.; Goity, Jose L.

    2014-07-01

    Baryon masses at varying values of Nc and light quark masses are studied with Lattice QCD and the results are analyzed in a low energy effective theory based on a combined framework of the 1/Nc and Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory expansions. Lattice QCD results for Nc=3, 5 and 7 obtained in quenched calculations, as well as results for unquenched calculations for Nc=3, are used for the analysis. The results are consistent with a previous analysis of Nc=3 LQCD results, and in addition permit the determination of sub-leading in 1/Nc effects in the spin-flavor singlet component of the baryon masses as well as in the hyperfine splittings.

  19. Highly Excited Baryons in Large-Nc QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matagne, N.; Stancu, Fl.

    2005-06-14

    We use the 1/Nc expansion of QCD to analyse the spectrum of positive parity resonances with strangeness S = 0, -1, -2 and -3 in the 2-3 GeV mass region, supposed to belong to the [56,4+] multiplet. The mass operator is similar to that of [56,2+], previously studied in the literature. The analysis of the latter is revisited. In the [56,4+] multiplet we find that the spin-spin term brings the dominant contribution and that the spin-orbit term is entirely negligible in the hyperfine interaction, in agreement with the constituent quark model practice, where this interaction is usually neglected. More data are strongly desirable, especially in the strange sector in order to fully exploit the power of this approach. We discuss possibilities of extending the calculations to other excited baryons belonging to the N = 2 or the N = 4 band.

  20. File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NY.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NY.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New York Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution (1,650 1,275 pixels,...

  1. BuildSmart NY Innovators Summit Offers Sneak Peek at Better Buildings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Challenge Solutions to Come | Department of Energy BuildSmart NY Innovators Summit Offers Sneak Peek at Better Buildings Challenge Solutions to Come BuildSmart NY Innovators Summit Offers Sneak Peek at Better Buildings Challenge Solutions to Come September 18, 2014 - 12:32pm Addthis The graphic above highlights New York Power Authority’s energy efficiency goals. | Courtesy of New York Power Authority The graphic above highlights New York Power Authority's energy efficiency goals. |

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Pfaltz and Bauer Inc - New York - NY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    45 New York - NY 45 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Pfaltz and Bauer Inc - New York (NY.45) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: This site is one of a group of 77 FUSRAP considered sites for which few, if any records are available in their respective site files to provide an historical account of past operations and their

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Pier 38 - NY 0-18

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Pier 38 - NY 0-18 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Pier 38 (NY.0-18 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: This site is one of a group of 77 FUSRAP considered sites for which few, if any records are available in their respective site files to provide an historical account of past operations and their relationship, if any, with MED/AEC

  4. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- West Milton Reactor Site - NY 21

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Milton Reactor Site - NY 21 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: West Milton Reactor Site (NY.21) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: This site is one of a group of 77 FUSRAP considered sites for which few, if any records are available in their respective site files to provide an historical account of past operations and their

  5. File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NC.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NC.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage North Carolina Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution (1,650 1,275...

  6. MiniBooNE NC 1?0 Cross Section Data Release

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 production cross sections on mineral oil at EO(1 GeV)", arXiv:0911.2063 hep-ex, Phys. Rev. D81, 013005 (2010) The following MiniBooNE information from the 2009 NC 10...

  7. The baryon vector current in the combined chiral and 1/Nc expansions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flores-Mendieta, Ruben; Goity, Jose L

    2014-12-01

    The baryon vector current is computed at one-loop order in large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory, where Nc is the number of colors. Loop graphs with octet and decuplet intermediate states are systematically incorporated into the analysis and the effects of the decuplet-octet mass difference and SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking are accounted for. There are large-Nc cancellations between different one-loop graphs as a consequence of the large-Nc spin-flavor symmetry of QCD baryons. The results are compared against the available experimental data through several fits in order to extract information about the unknown parameters. The large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory predictions are in very good agreement both with the expectations from the 1/Nc expansion and with the experimental data. The effect of SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking for the |Delta S|=1 vector current form factors f1(0) results in a reduction by a few percent with respect to the corresponding SU(3) symmetric values.

  8. Champlain, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Feet) (Million Cubic Feet) Champlain, NY Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 63 2015 1 2 1 2 20 2016 56 76 20 20 3 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Champlain, NY LNG Imports from All Countries

  9. Buffalo, NY Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Buffalo, NY Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 1 1 1 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Buffalo, NY Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada

  10. 248-nm photolysis of tricarbonylnitrosylcobalt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, D.M.; Nazran, A.S.; Drouin, M.; Hackett, P.A.

    1986-06-19

    Laser-based time-resolved infrared absorption spectroscopy has been applied to the study of the 248-nm photolysis of the pseudo-nickel carbonyl, tricarbonylnitrosylcobalt, in the gas phase. Co(CO)/sub 3/NO dissociates by a series of sequential ligand eliminations to give predominantly CoCO. This species reacts back with parent Co(CO)/sub 3/NO with a gas kinetic rate constant of (6.4 +/- 0.6) x 10/sup -10/ cm/sup 3/ molecule/sup -1/ s/sup -1/ to form a binuclear species, (Co/sub 2/(CO)/sub 4/NO), of unknown structure. Added CO results in the formation of Co(CO)/sub 3/ and finally Co(CO)/sub 4/. The rate constant for the reactions of CO with Co(CO) is (6.2 +/- 0.6) x 10/sup -11/ cm/sup 3/ molecule/sup -1/ s/sup -1/ which is also a lower limit for the rates of reaction of CO with Co(CO)/sub 2/ and Co(CO)/sub 3/. This behavior shows marked similarity with recent work on the other carbonyls and begins to establish a general pattern for metal carbonyl photolysis.

  11. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Greenhill Contracting, New Paltz, NY

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in New Paltz, NY, that achieved a HERS score of 37 without PV or 7 with 7.5-kW PV. The two-story 2,288-ft2 home is one of 9 certified homes. All of the...

  12. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: AquaZephyr, Ithaca, NY

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in Ithaca, NY, that achieves a HERS 56 without PV or HERS 15 with 4-kW of PV. The two-story, 1,664-ft2 home is one of 17 single-family and 4 duplex homes...

  13. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: AquaZephyr, Ithaca, NY...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in Ithaca, NY, that achieves a HERS 56 without PV or HERS 15 with 4-kW of PV. The two-story, 1,664-ft2 home is one of 17 single-family ...

  14. SGDP Report: Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY (February 2015)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY was awarded to Con Edison in 2009 as part of DOE's Smart Grid Demonstration Project (SGDP) grants funded by the Recovery Act. The objective of the project was to develop and demonstrate methodologies to enhance the ability of customer sited demand response resources, both conventional and renewable, to integrate more effectively with electric delivery companies.

  15. SGDP Report Now Available: Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY (February 2015)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY was awarded to Con Edison in 2009 as part of DOE's Smart Grid Demonstration Project (SGDP) grants funded by the Recovery Act. The objective of the project was to develop and demonstrate methodologies to enhance the ability of customer sited demand response resources, both conventional and renewable, to integrate more effectively with electric delivery companies

  16. Numerical study of self modulation instability of 1 nC electron bunch at ATF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang Yun; Mori, Warren; Muggli, Patric

    2012-12-21

    The development of self-modulation instability (SMI) is investigated numerically for the 1 nC electron bunch available at Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). Possible experiment based on the simulation results is proposed. All the simulations are performed with the 2D-cylindrically symmetric particle-in-cell code.

  17. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Ferguson Design and Construction Inc., Sagaponack, NY, Custom Home

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready Home in Long Island, NY, that scored HERS 43 without PV. This 5,088-square-foot custom home has R-25 double-stud walls, a vaulted roof with R-40 blown cellulose, R-10 XPS under slab, a hydro air system with 91% efficient boiler for forced air and radiant floor heat, and 100% LED lights.

  18. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2013: Ferguson Design and Construction, Inc., Sagaponak, NY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ferguson Design & Construction, Inc. Sagaponack, NY BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy ReadyHome starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed

  19. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2013: Ithaca Neighborhood Housing Services, Ithaca, NY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ithaca Neighborhood Housing Services Ithaca, NY BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in to

  20. MiniBooNE NC 1π0 Cross Section Data Release

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    νμ and ν̅μ induced neutral current single π0 production cross sections on mineral oil at Eν~O(1 GeV)", arXiv:0911.2063 [hep-ex], Phys. Rev. D81, 013005 (2010) The following MiniBooNE information from the 2009 NC 1π0 cross section paper is made available to the public: Neutrino Mode Running νμ NC 1π0 pπ0 Differential Cross Section 1D array of bin boundaries partitioning the momentum of the π0 1D array of the value of the differential cross section in each bin in units of 10-40

  1. FAPAC-NM Executive Board | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Our Locations Albuquerque Complex Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM FAPAC-NM Executive Board FAPAC-NM Executive Board "Promoting...

  2. Nitrogen effects on crystallization kinetics of amorphous TiOxNy thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hukari, Kyle; Dannenberg, Rand; Stach, E.A.

    2001-03-30

    The crystallization behavior of amorphous TiOxNy (x>>y) thin films was investigated by in-situ transmission electron microscopy. The Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kozolog (JMAK) theory is used to determine the Avrami exponent, activation energy, and the phase velocity pre-exponent. Addition of nitrogen inhibits diffusion, increasing the nucleation temperature, while decreasing the growth activation energy. Kinetic variables extracted from individual crystallites are compared to JMAK analysis of the fraction transformed and a change of 6 percent in the activation energy gives agreement between the methods. From diffraction patterns and index of refraction the crystallized phase was found to be predominantly anatase.

  3. DOE Zero Ready Home Case Study: AquaZephyr, Eco-Vilage Ithaca, Ithaca NY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AquaZephyr Eco-Village Ithaca Ithaca, NY DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in to

  4. DOE Zero Ready Home Case Study: Greenhill Contracting, The Preserve, New Paltz, NY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Preserve New Paltz, NY DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in to give you

  5. Analysis of natural gases, AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KY, LA, MD, MI, MS, MO, NJ, NY, NC, OH, PA, TN, VA, and WV; 1951-1991 (for microcomputers). Data file

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    The U.S. Bureau of Mines diskette contains analysis and related source data for 2,357 natural gas samples collected from miscellaneous states, which include the following states: Alabama, Arkansas (except Arkoma Basin), Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. All samples were obtained and analyzed as part of the Bureau's investigations of occurrences of helium in natural gases of countries with free market economies. The survey has been conducted since 1917. The analysis contained on the diskette contain the full range of component analysis data. Five files are on the diskette: READ.ME, MISC.TXT, MISC.DBF, USHEANAL.DBF, and BASINCDE.TXT.

  6. Radiation Tolerance of 65nm CMOS Transistors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krohn, M.; Bentele, B.; Christian, D. C.; Cumalat, J. P.; Deptuch, G.; Fahim, F.; Hoff, J.; Shenai, A.; Wagner, S. R.

    2015-12-11

    We report on the effects of ionizing radiation on 65 nm CMOS transistors held at approximately -20C during irradiation. The pattern of damage observed after a total dose of 1 Grad is similar to damage reported in room temperature exposures, but we observe less damage than was observed at room temperature.

  7. Radiation Tolerance of 65nm CMOS Transistors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Krohn, M.; Bentele, B.; Christian, D. C.; Cumalat, J. P.; Deptuch, G.; Fahim, F.; Hoff, J.; Shenai, A.; Wagner, S. R.

    2015-12-11

    We report on the effects of ionizing radiation on 65 nm CMOS transistors held at approximately -20°C during irradiation. The pattern of damage observed after a total dose of 1 Grad is similar to damage reported in room temperature exposures, but we observe less damage than was observed at room temperature.

  8. The origin and fate of the sediments composing a migrating dune field, Amagansett, NY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maher, T. (Suffolk Community Coll., Selden, NY (United States). Environmental Science Dept.); Kandelin, J. (Suffolk Community Coll., Selden, NY (United States). Dept. of Earth and Space Science); Black, J.A. (Geosciences Inc., Patchogue, NY (United States))

    1993-03-01

    The migrating dune system, located in Amagansett, NY, consists of a series of three parabolic dunes ranging in heights from 10 to 30 meters. The dunes are migrating under the influence of the prevailing winds, in a southeasterly direction. The migration continues until the dunes encounter the countervailing prevailing winds, off the Atlantic Ocean. A series of flow charts have been prepared to indicate the possible sources of sediment for this system. These charts, in conjunction with geomorphic analysis, stratigraphic data and various sediment characteristics indicate that the sediments are transported by coastal currents. Once deposited they form a linear dune system. Eolian transport from this dune then supplies the sediment to the migrating dune system.

  9. Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Our Locations Albuquerque Complex Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities Photo Album Of FAPAC -...

  10. The Chlorella variabilis NC64A Genome Reveals Adaptation to Photosymbiosis, Coevolution with Viruses, and Cryptic Sex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanc, Guillaume; Duncan, Garry A.; Agarakova, Irina; Borodovsky, Mark; Gurnon, James; Kuo, Alan; Lindquist, Erika; Lucas, Susan; Pangailinan, Jasmyn; Polle, Juergen; Salamov, Asaf; Terry, Astrid; Yamada, Takashi; Dunigan, David D.; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Claverie, Jean-Michel; Etten, James L. Van

    2010-05-06

    Chlorella variabilis NC64A, a unicellular photosynthetic green alga (Trebouxiophyceae), is an intracellular photobiont of Paramecium bursaria and a model system for studying virus/algal interactions. We sequenced its 46-Mb nuclear genome, revealing an expansion of protein families that could have participated in adaptation to symbiosis. NC64A exhibits variations in GC content across its genome that correlate with global expression level, average intron size, and codon usage bias. Although Chlorella species have been assumed to be asexual and nonmotile, the NC64A genome encodes all the known meiosis-specific proteins and a subset of proteins found in flagella. We hypothesize that Chlorella might have retained a flagella-derived structure that could be involved in sexual reproduction. Furthermore, a survey of phytohormone pathways in chlorophyte algae identified algal orthologs of Arabidopsis thaliana genes involved in hormone biosynthesis and signaling, suggesting that these functions were established prior to the evolution of land plants. We show that the ability of Chlorella to produce chitinous cell walls likely resulted from the capture of metabolic genes by horizontal gene transfer from algal viruses, prokaryotes, or fungi. Analysis of the NC64A genome substantially advances our understanding of the green lineage evolution, including the genomic interplay with viruses and symbiosis between eukaryotes.

  11. THE SPECTRUM OF THORIUM FROM 250 nm TO 5500 nm: RITZ WAVELENGTHS AND OPTIMIZED ENERGY LEVELS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redman, Stephen L.; Nave, Gillian; Sansonetti, Craig J.

    2014-03-01

    We have made precise observations of a thorium-argon hollow cathode lamp emission spectrum in the region between 350 nm and 1175 nm using a high-resolution Fourier transform spectrometer. Our measurements are combined with results from seven previously published thorium line lists to re-optimize the energy levels of neutral, singly, and doubly ionized thorium (Th I, Th II, and Th III). Using the optimized level values, we calculate accurate Ritz wavelengths for 19, 874 thorium lines between 250 nm and 5500 nm (40, 000 cm{sup –1} to 1800 cm{sup –1}). We have also found 102 new thorium energy levels. A systematic analysis of previous measurements in light of our new results allows us to identify and propose corrections for systematic errors in Palmer and Engleman and typographical errors and incorrect classifications in Kerber et al. We also found a large scatter with respect to the thorium line list of Lovis and Pepe. We anticipate that our Ritz wavelengths will lead to improved measurement accuracy for current and future spectrographs that make use of thorium-argon or thorium-neon lamps as calibration standards.

  12. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: United Way of Long Island Housing Development Corporation, Patchogue, NY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Way of Long Island Housing Development Corporation Patchogue, NY DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Trinity Test Site - NM 17

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Trinity Test Site - NM 17 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TRINITY TEST SITE (NM.17 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - U.S. Army controls site Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: missile range - 30 miles west of Carrizozo , White Sands , New Mexico NM.17-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.17-1 Site Operations: Detonation of the first atomic bomb occurred at this site. NM.17-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated NM.17-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive

  14. F-1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Central West North Central East North Central Mountain AK WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT VT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH...

  15. F-5 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Figure F4. Oil and Gas Supply Model Regions Atlantic WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE...

  16. Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores (Conference)...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores Carbon nanotubes offer an ...

  17. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    including an advanced annual rental installment. In addition, the developer must enter into the bid lease within 30 days. 19.2.9.12.A NMAC. 3-NM-d.13 to 3 NM-d.14 - Business...

  18. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    from the NMDOT by contemplating affects the project may have on cultural andor environmental resources. 3-NM-f Public Highway Utility Accommodation Permit.pdf 3-NM-f Public...

  19. New Mexico Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NM NTTC) Request

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mexico Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NM NTTC) Request This form is for vendors of Los Alamos National Laboratory. To request a NM Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NTTC),...

  20. Electron-induced single event upsets in 28 nm and 45 nm bulk SRAMs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Trippe, J. M.; Reed, R. A.; Austin, R. A.; Sierawski, B. D.; Weller, R. A.; Funkhouser, E. D.; King, M. P.; Narasimham, B.; Bartz, B.; Baumann, R.; et al

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we present experimental evidence of single electron-induced upsets in commercial 28 nm and 45 nm CMOS SRAMs from a monoenergetic electron beam. Upsets were observed in both technology nodes when the SRAM was operated in a low power state. The experimental cross section depends strongly on both bias and technology node feature size, consistent with previous work in which SRAMs were irradiated with low energy muons and protons. Accompanying simulations demonstrate that δ-rays produced by the primary electrons are responsible for the observed upsets. Additional simulations predict the on-orbit event rates for various Earth and Jovian environmentsmore » for a set of sensitive volumes representative of current technology nodes. The electron contribution to the total upset rate for Earth environments is significant for critical charges as high as 0.2 fC. This value is comparable to that of sub-22 nm bulk SRAMs. Similarly, for the Jovian environment, the electron-induced upset rate is larger than the proton-induced upset rate for critical charges as high as 0.3 fC.« less

  1. Electron-induced single event upsets in 28 nm and 45 nm bulk SRAMs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trippe, J. M.; Reed, R. A.; Austin, R. A.; Sierawski, B. D.; Weller, R. A.; Funkhouser, E. D.; King, M. P.; Narasimham, B.; Bartz, B.; Baumann, R.; Schrimpf, R. D.; Labello, R.; Nichols, J.; Weeden-Wright, S. L.

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we present experimental evidence of single electron-induced upsets in commercial 28 nm and 45 nm CMOS SRAMs from a monoenergetic electron beam. Upsets were observed in both technology nodes when the SRAM was operated in a low power state. The experimental cross section depends strongly on both bias and technology node feature size, consistent with previous work in which SRAMs were irradiated with low energy muons and protons. Accompanying simulations demonstrate that δ-rays produced by the primary electrons are responsible for the observed upsets. Additional simulations predict the on-orbit event rates for various Earth and Jovian environments for a set of sensitive volumes representative of current technology nodes. The electron contribution to the total upset rate for Earth environments is significant for critical charges as high as 0.2 fC. This value is comparable to that of sub-22 nm bulk SRAMs. Similarly, for the Jovian environment, the electron-induced upset rate is larger than the proton-induced upset rate for critical charges as high as 0.3 fC.

  2. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Wednesday, 30 March 2011 00:00 As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to

  3. Superscaling in electron-nucleus scattering and its link to CC and NC QE neutrino-nucleus scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbaro, M. B.; Amaro, J. E.; Caballero, J. A.; González-Jiménez, R.; Donnelly, T. W.; Ivanov, M.; Udías, J. M.

    2015-05-15

    The superscaling approach (SuSA) to neutrino-nucleus scattering, based on the assumed universality of the scaling function for electromagnetic and weak interactions, is reviewed. The predictions of the SuSA model for bot CC and NC differential and total cross sections are presented and compared with the MiniBooNE data. The role of scaling violations, in particular the contribution of meson exchange currents in the two-particle two-hole sector, is explored.

  4. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Greenhill Contracting, Green Acres #20, #26, #28, New Paltz, NY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Green Acres #20, #26, #28 New Paltz, NY DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in to

  5. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  6. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  7. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  8. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  9. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  10. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  11. NM (United States)] 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Clayton, Steven Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States) 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS;...

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/12-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biological Resource Considerations (12-NM-a) The New Mexico Department of Game and Fish (NMDGF) preserves endangered or threatened wildlife in the state against any direct...

  13. RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Cultural Resource Investigation Process (11-NM-b) Before...

  14. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us State Encroachment Process (3-NM-c) The New Mexico...

  15. Structure of a novel 13 nm dodecahedral nanocage assembled from...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Structure of a novel 13 nm dodecahedral nanocage assembled from a redesigned bacterial microcompartment shell protein Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Structure of a ...

  16. RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Permit - Construction Permit (15-NM-a) This flowchart illustrates the process...

  17. RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Permit - Operating Permit (15-NM-c) This flowchart illustrates the process for...

  18. RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Permit - Accelerated Construction Permit Review (15-NM-b) The developer may...

  19. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the...

  20. RAPID/Roadmap/5-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Drilling and Well Development (5-NM-a) The Oil Conservation Division of the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources...

  1. RAPID/Roadmap/7-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NM-c < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  2. RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Roadmap14-NM-b < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower...

  3. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RAPIDRoadmap3-NM-b < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower...

  4. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... beyond 22-nm half pitch," Proc. SPIE 7636, 76361J (2010); P. Naulleau, C. ... resist and mask materials learning," Proc. SPIE 7985, 798509 (2011). ALS Science Highlight ...

  5. RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Underground Injection Control Permit (14-NM-c) The Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permit process in New Mexico...

  6. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Water Access and Water Rights Overview (19-NM-a) Similar to many western states, only a...

  7. Sandia, the Atlantic Council, and NM Water Resource Research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Atlantic Council, and NM Water Resource Research Institute Sponsor Roundtable on Western Water Scarcity - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us ...

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tract OO - NM 06

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Tract OO - NM 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACT OO (NM.06 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Site was released by the AEC for sale and unrestricted use in 1976 Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.06-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.06-1 Site Operations: Site consists of an area of 3.85 acres on the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory compound. This tract of land was a location for a fire alarm equipment building and part of power

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    State Land Office (NMSLO) to develop geothermal resources on state lands under the New Mexico Geothermal Resources Act and regulations promulgated in N.M. Admin. Code part...

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    where cultural resources are discovered during the project. In instances where human burials are discovered, the requirements are more stringent. 11-NM-a State Cultural...

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- ACF Industries - NM 05

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - DOD site Designated Name: Not Designated ... from consideration under FUSRAP - DOD site NM.05-3 Also see Documents Related to ...

  12. Generation and use of high power 213 nm and 266 nm laser radiation and tunable 210-400 nm laser radiation with BBO crystal matrix array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gruen, Dieter M.

    2000-01-01

    A 213 nm laser beam is capable of single photon ablative photodecomposition for the removal of a polymer or biological material substrate. Breaking the molecular bonds and displacing the molecules away from the substrate in a very short time period results in most of the laser photon energy being carried away by the displaced molecules, thus minimizing thermal damage to the substrate. The incident laser beam may be unfocussed and is preferably produced by quintupling the 1064 nm radiation from a Nd:YAG solid state laser, i.e., at 213 nm. In one application, the 213 nm laser beam is expanded in cross section and directed through a plurality of small beta barium borate (BBO) crystals for increasing the energy per photon of the laser radiation directed onto the substrate. The BBO crystals are arranged in a crystal matrix array to provide a large laser beam transmission area capable of accommodating high energy laser radiation without damaging the BBO crystals. The BBO crystal matrix array may also be used with 266 nm laser radiation for carrying out single or multi photon ablative photodecomposition. The BBO crystal matrix array may also be used in an optical parametric oscillator mode to generate high power tunable laser radiation in the range of 210-400 nm.

  13. New Mexico Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NM NTTC) Request

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mexico Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NM NTTC) Request This form is for vendors of Los Alamos National Laboratory. To request a NM Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NTTC), please provide the information requested below. Request can be submitted by mail, email or fax to: Los Alamos National Laboratory P.O. Box 1663 Accounts Payable, MS P240 Los Alamos, NM 87545 Fax: (505) 665-8357 processsupport@lanl.gov Company Name (as registered with Tax Authority) NOTE: If registered with the State

  14. RAPID/Roadmap/6-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    storm water permit must comply with the process outlined in Green arrow.PNG 6-FD-a: Storm Water Construction General Permit Process Flowchart 6-NM-b Construction Storm...

  15. NM Underground Storage Tank Registration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Underground Storage Tank Registration Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: NM Underground Storage Tank RegistrationLegal...

  16. Photoluminescent 1-2 nm sized silicon nanoparticles: A surface...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Photoluminescent 1-2 nm sized silicon nanoparticles: A surface-dependent system Authors: Romero, J.J., Llansola-Portols, M.J., Dell'Arciprete, M.L., Rodrguez, H.B., Moore,...

  17. RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ground Water Discharge Permit (14-NM-e) The New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) issues Ground Water Discharge Permits in the state of New Mexico. No person may cause or...

  18. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    a new permit and fee will be required for any drilling beyond the permit expiration date. Process Flowchart 19-NM-b - Permit to Drill a Well with No Consumptive Use of Water.pdf...

  19. File:INL-geothermal-nm.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    nm.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Geothermal Resources Size of this preview: 466 599 pixels. Other resolution: 467 600 pixels. Full...

  20. RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    discovery process. NMAC 4.10.8.20. 11-NM-d Cultural Resource Discovery Process.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  1. RAPID/Roadmap/20-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and abandonment are outlined in NMAC 19.14.73.8. 20-NM-a - Well Abandonment Process.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  2. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and...

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Project Gnome Site - NM 12

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Gnome Site - NM 12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Project Gnome Site (NM.12) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Gnome-Coach, New Mexico, Site Documents Related to Project Gnome Site Conditional Certificate of Completion. Attached letter from New Mexico Environment Department of DOE dated September 25, 2014. Fact Sheet

  4. Origin State>> CA ID ID ID IL NM NM OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NM NM OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12 Plant Materials & Energy Corporation (M&EC) Perma-Fix Nuclear Fuels Services Wastren Advantage, Inc.

  5. Use of H2S to Probe the Active Sites in FeNC Catalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR) in Acidic Media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Deepika; Mamtani, Kuldeep; Bruening, Christopher R.; Miller, Jeffrey T.; Ozkan, Umit S.

    2014-10-01

    H2S has been used as a probe molecule both in an “in situ” poisoning experiment and in intermediate-temperature heat-treatment steps during and after the preparation of FeNC catalysts in an attempt to analyze its effect on their ORR activity. The heat treatments were employed either on the ball-milled precursor of FeNC or after the Ar-NH3 high temperature heat treatments. ORR activity of the H2S-treated catalysts was seen to be significantly lower than the sulfur-free catalysts, whether the sulfur exposure was during a half-cell testing, or as an intermediate-temperature exposure to H2S. The incorporation of sulfur species and interaction of Fe with sulfur were confirmed by characterization using XPS, EXAFS, TPO, and TPD. This study provides crucial evidence regarding differences in active sites in FeNC versus nitrogen-containing carbon nanostructured (CNx) catalysts.

  6. NM company wants to turn your windows into solar panels

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NM company wants to turn your windows into solar panels NM company wants to turn your windows into solar panels "There's an opportunity to generate electricity and power buildings with their windows" August 1, 2016 The UbiQD Team The UbiQD team celebrates the opening of its new quantum dot manufacturing facility in Los Alamos July 29. Contact Hunter McDaniel UbiQD Email UbiQD LLC, a quantum dot company, says it can turn windows into solar generators. "There's an opportunity to

  7. La Fonda on the Plaza, Santa Fe, NM: June 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sequencing, Finishing, and Analysis in the Future (SFAF) La Fonda on the Plaza, Santa Fe, NM: June 1 st - 3 rd , 2016 Please join us for the 11 th annual "Sequencing, Finishing and Analysis in the Future" Meeting on Wednesday, June 1 st through June 3 rd in beautiful, historic Santa Fe, NM. The three-day SFAF conference will focus on Next Generation Sequencing technologies, applications, and their effect on the rapidly advancing field of Genomics. If you have any questions, or would

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY (NM.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Main Technical Area LASL LANL NM.11-1 NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.11-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.11-1 Site Operations: Nuclear weapons research and development. NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Site Disposition: Site Disposition NM.11-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials

  9. EUV optical design for 100 nm CD imaging system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, D.W.; Hudyma, R.; Chapman, H.B.; Shafer, D.

    1998-04-09

    The imaging specifications for extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) projection optics parallel those of other optical lithographies. Specifications are scaled to reflect the 100 nm critical dimension for the first generation EUVL systems. The design being fabricated for the Engineering Test Stand, an EUVL alpha tool, consists of a condenser with six channels to provide an effective partial coherence factor of 0.7. The camera contains four mirrors; three of the mirrors are aspheres and the fourth is spherical. The design of the optical package has been constrained so that the angles of incidence and the variations in the angle of incidence of all rays allow for uniform multilayer coatings. The multilayers introduce a slight shift in image position and magnification. We have shown that a system aligned with visible light is also aligned at 13.4 nm. Each mirror must be fabricated with an RMS figure error of less than 0.25 nm and better than 0.2 nm RMS roughness. Optical surfaces that exceed each of these specifications individually have been fabricated. The success of EUVL requires that these specifications be met simultaneously.

  10. Resonant tunneling with high peak to valley current ratio in SiO{sub 2}/nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} multi-layers at room temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, D. Y.; Sun, Y.; He, Y. J.; Xu, L.; Xu, J.

    2014-01-28

    We have investigated carrier transport in SiO{sub 2}/nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} multi-layers by room temperature current-voltage measurements. Resonant tunneling signatures accompanied by current peaks are observed. Carrier transport in the multi-layers were analyzed by plots of ln(I/V{sup 2}) as a function of 1/V and ln(I) as a function of V{sup 1/2}. Results suggest that besides films quality, nc-Si and barrier sub-layer thicknesses are important parameters that restrict carrier transport. When thicknesses are both small, direct tunneling dominates carrier transport, resonant tunneling occurs only at certain voltages and multi-resonant tunneling related current peaks can be observed but with peak to valley current ratio (PVCR) values smaller than 1.5. When barrier thickness is increased, trap-related and even high field related tunneling is excited, causing that multi-current peaks cannot be observed clearly, only one current peak with higher PVCR value of 7.7 can be observed. While if the thickness of nc-Si is large enough, quantum confinement is not so strong, a broad current peak with PVCR value as high as 60 can be measured, which may be due to small energy difference between the splitting energy levels in the quantum dots of nc-Si. Size distribution in a wide range may cause un-controllability of the peak voltages.

  11. Cryogenic Lifetime Studies of 130 nm and 65 nm CMOS Technologies for High-Energy Physics Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoff, James R.; Deptuch, G. W.; Wu, Guoying; Gui, Ping

    2015-03-09

    The Long Baseline Neutrino Facility intends to use unprecedented volumes of liquid argon to fill a time projection chamber in an underground facility. Research is under way to place the electronics inside the cryostat. For reasons of efficiency and economics, the lifetimes of these circuits must be well in excess of 20 years. The principle mechanism for lifetime degradation of MOSFET devices and circuits operating at cryogenic temperatures is hot carrier degradation. Choosing a process technology that is, as much as possible, immune to such degradation and developing design techniques to avoid exposure to such damage are the goals. This, then, requires careful investigation and a basic understanding of the mechanisms that underlie hot carrier degradation and the secondary effects they cause in circuits. In this work, commercially available 130 nm and 65 nm nMOS transistors operating at cryogenic temperatures are investigated. Our results show that both technologies achieve the lifetimes required by the experiment. Minimal design changes are necessary in the case of the 130 nm process and no changes whatsoever are necessary for the 65 nm process.

  12. Sandia, the Atlantic Council, and NM Water Resource Research Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sponsor Roundtable on Western Water Scarcity the Atlantic Council, and NM Water Resource Research Institute Sponsor Roundtable on Western Water Scarcity - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy

  13. NNSA administrator shows NM congressional delegation the Albuquerque

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Complex to make case for new facility | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) administrator shows NM congressional delegation the Albuquerque Complex to make case for new facility Friday, February 26, 2016 - 1:42pm WASHINGTON, DC - Lt. Gen. Frank Klotz (Ret.), Administrator of the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration, hosted two members of the New Mexico congressional delegation on Feb. 18 for a tour of the aging facilities occupied by 1,200 NNSA

  14. Photoelectron Emission Studies in CsBr at 257 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maldonado, Juan R.; Liu, Zhi; Sun, Yun; Pianetta, Piero A.; Pease, Fabian W.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL

    2006-09-28

    CsBr/Cr photocathodes were found [1,2] to meet the requirements of a multi-electron beam lithography system operating with a light energy of 4.8 eV (257nm). The fact that photoemission was observed with a light energy below the reported 7.3 eV band gap for CsBr was not understood. This paper presents experimental results on the presence of intra-band gap absorption sites (IBAS) in CsBr thin film photo electron emitters, and presents a model based on IBAS to explain the observed photoelectron emission behavior at energies below band gap. A fluorescence band centered at 330 nm with a FWHM of about 0.34 eV was observed in CsBr/Cr samples under 257 nm laser illumination which can be attributed to IBAS and agrees well with previously obtained synchrotron photoelectron spectra[1] from the valence band of CsBr films.

  15. CT NC0

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    P233scNs VISITED . R..Hammes- General Sales Manager, W, C. Smith - Tolhurst Centrifugals Division L, Jauhola - Ch:cef QpTication Engineer, Sales Maml;er, Tolhurst Centrifugals ...

  16. Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment for the SNL/NM cafeterias.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCord, Samuel Adam

    2005-12-01

    This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for the two Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico cafeteria facilities between May and August 2005. The primary purpose of this PPOA is to assess waste and resource reduction opportunities and issue Pollution Prevention (P2) recommendations for Sandia's food service facilities. This PPOA contains recommendations for energy, water and resource reduction, as well as material substitution based upon environmentally preferable purchasing. Division 3000 has requested the PPOA report as part of the Division's compliance effort to implement the Environmental Management System (EMS) per DOE Order 450.1. This report contains a summary of the information collected and analyses performed with recommended options for implementation. The SNL/NM P2 Group will work with Division 3000 and the respective cafeteria facilities to implement these options.

  17. Nanobumps on silicon created with polystyrene spheres and 248 or 308 nm laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piparia, Reema; Rothe, Erhard W.; Baird, R. J.

    2006-11-27

    Huang et al. [Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161911 (2005)] formed arrays of nanobumps on a silicon substrate. They applied a 248 nm laser pulse to a surface monolayer of 1-{mu}m-diameter polystyrene spheres. The authors first replicated their experiment with 248 nm light. But when 308 nm pulses were applied instead, the nanobumps had a different shape and composition. At 248 nm, much of the laser light is absorbed in the polystyrene, which serves to quickly distort, melt, and ablate the sphere. At 308 nm, very little light is absorbed. The nanobumps from 248 nm radiation are organic polymers, while those formed with 308 nm pulses are silicon based.

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACKS EASTERN AREA NO. 3 (NM.10 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Area No. 3 , Los Alamos County , New Mexico NM.10-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.10-2 Site Operations: These tracts were part of LASL and were subject to contamination from laboratory operations. NM.10-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria per environmental radiation

  19. Training Session: Buffalo, NY

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This 3.5-hour training provides builders with a comprehensive review of zero energy-ready home construction including the business case, detailed specifications, and opportunities to be recognized...

  20. NY Green Bank

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bank Panel 1: Attracting and Maintaining Capital for Energy Transmission, Storage, and ... clean energy capital markets for large scale infrastructure are deep and robust. ...

  1. NY-%-3 P

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Utilized Manhattan Engineer DistrictAtomic Energy Commission Sites Program, " DOE... in Western New York 0 One Typical Chest X-Ray 0 Maximum Dose Caused by 0 Exposure to ...

  2. FY09 assessment of mercury reduction at SNL/NM.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCord, Samuel Adam

    2010-02-01

    This assessment takes the result of the FY08 performance target baseline of mercury at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico, and records the steps taken in FY09 to collect additional data, encourage the voluntary reduction of mercury, and measure success. Elemental (metallic) mercury and all of its compounds are toxic, and exposure to excessive levels can permanently damage or fatally injure the brain and kidneys. Elemental mercury can also be absorbed through the skin and cause allergic reactions. Ingestion of inorganic mercury compounds can cause severe renal and gastrointestinal damage. Organic compounds of mercury such as methyl mercury, created when elemental mercury enters the environment, are considered the most toxic forms of the element. Exposures to very small amounts of these compounds can result in devastating neurological damage and death.1 SNL/NM is required to report annually on the site wide inventory of mercury for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program, as the site's inventory is excess of the ten pound reportable threshold quantity. In the fiscal year 2008 (FY08) Pollution Prevention Program Plan, Section 5.3 Reduction of Environmental Releases, a performance target stated was to establish a baseline of mercury, its principle uses, and annual quantity or inventory. This was accomplished on July 29, 2008 by recording the current status of mercury in the Chemical Information System (CIS).

  3. Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fornasiero, F; Park, H G; Holt, J K; Stadermann, M; Grigoropoulos, C P; Noy, A; Bakajin, O

    2008-04-09

    Carbon nanotubes offer an outstanding platform for studying molecular transport at nanoscale, and have become promising materials for nanofluidics and membrane technology due to their unique combination of physical, chemical, mechanical, and electronic properties. In particular, both simulations and experiments have proved that fluid flow through carbon nanotubes of nanometer size diameter is exceptionally fast compared to what continuum hydrodynamic theories would predict when applied on this length scale, and also, compared to conventional membranes with pores of similar size, such as zeolites. For a variety of applications such as separation technology, molecular sensing, drug delivery, and biomimetics, selectivity is required together with fast flow. In particular, for water desalination, coupling the enhancement of the water flux with selective ion transport could drastically reduce the cost of brackish and seawater desalting. In this work, we study the ion selectivity of membranes made of aligned double-walled carbon nanotubes with sub-2 nm diameter. Negatively charged groups are introduced at the opening of the carbon nanotubes by oxygen plasma treatment. Reverse osmosis experiments coupled with capillary electrophoresis analysis of permeate and feed show significant anion and cation rejection. Ion exclusion declines by increasing ionic strength (concentration) of the feed and by lowering solution pH; also, the highest rejection is observed for the A{sub m}{sup Z{sub A}} C{sub n}{sup Z{sub C}} salts (A=anion, C=cation, z= valence) with the greatest Z{sub A}/Z{sub C} ratio. Our results strongly support a Donnan-type rejection mechanism, dominated by electrostatic interactions between fixed membrane charges and mobile ions, while steric and hydrodynamic effects appear to be less important. Comparison with commercial nanofiltration membranes for water softening reveals that our carbon nanotube membranes provides far superior water fluxes for similar ion

  4. Double patterning HSQ processes of zone plates for 10 nm diffraction...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Using the new process, we successfully realized zone plates of 10 nm and 12 nm outermost zones. Fig. 3 shows the SEM micrographs of the zone plates outer regions. The zone plates ...

  5. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Wednesday, 31 August 2005 00:00 ...

  6. NM Stat. 62-11 - Review of Commission Orders | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NM Stat. 62-11 - Review of Commission Orders Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: NM Stat. 62-11 - Review of...

  7. Transport of triplet excitons along continuous 100 nm polyfluorene chains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xi, Liang; Bird, Matthew; Mauro, Gina; Asaoka, Sadayuki; Cook, Andrew R.; Chen, Hung -Cheng; Miller, John R.

    2014-12-03

    Triplet excitons created in poly-2,7-(9,9-dihexyl)fluorene (pF) chains with end trap groups in solution are efficiently transported to and captured by the end groups. The triplets explore the entire lengths of the chains, even for ~100 nm long chains enabling determination of the completeness of end capping. The results show that the chains continuous: they may contain transient barriers or traps, such as those from fluctuations of dihedral angles, but are free of major defects that stop motion of the triplets. Quantitative determinations are aided by the addition of a strong electron donor, TMPD, which removes absorption bands of the end-trapped triplets. For chains having at least one end trap, triplet capture is quantitative on the 1 s timescale imposed by the use of the donor. Fractions of chains having no end traps were 0.15 for pF samples with anthraquinone (AQ) end traps and 0.063 with naphthylimide (NI) end traps. These determinations agreed with measurements by NMR for short (<40 polymer repeat units (PRU)) chains, where NMR determinations are accurate. The results find no evidence for traps or barriers to transport of triplets, and places limits on the possible presence of defects as impenetrable barriers to less than one per 300 PRU. The present results present a paradigm different from the current consensus, derived from observations of singlet excitons, that conjugated chains are divided into segments, perhaps by some kind of defects. For the present pF chains, the segmentation either does not apply to triplet excitons or is transient so that the defects are healed or surmounted in times much shorter than 1 s. Triplets on chains without end trap groups transfer to chains with end traps on a slower time scale. Rate constants for these bimolecular triplet transfer reactions were found to increase with the length of the accepting chain, as did rate constants for triplet transfer to the chains from small molecules like biphenyl. As a result, a second

  8. Transport of triplet excitons along continuous 100 nm polyfluorene chains

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xi, Liang; Bird, Matthew; Mauro, Gina; Asaoka, Sadayuki; Cook, Andrew R.; Chen, Hung -Cheng; Miller, John R.

    2014-12-03

    Triplet excitons created in poly-2,7-(9,9-dihexyl)fluorene (pF) chains with end trap groups in solution are efficiently transported to and captured by the end groups. The triplets explore the entire lengths of the chains, even for ~100 nm long chains enabling determination of the completeness of end capping. The results show that the chains continuous: they may contain transient barriers or traps, such as those from fluctuations of dihedral angles, but are free of major defects that stop motion of the triplets. Quantitative determinations are aided by the addition of a strong electron donor, TMPD, which removes absorption bands of the end-trappedmore » triplets. For chains having at least one end trap, triplet capture is quantitative on the 1 µs timescale imposed by the use of the donor. Fractions of chains having no end traps were 0.15 for pF samples with anthraquinone (AQ) end traps and 0.063 with naphthylimide (NI) end traps. These determinations agreed with measurements by NMR for short (<40 polymer repeat units (PRU)) chains, where NMR determinations are accurate. The results find no evidence for traps or barriers to transport of triplets, and places limits on the possible presence of defects as impenetrable barriers to less than one per 300 PRU. The present results present a paradigm different from the current consensus, derived from observations of singlet excitons, that conjugated chains are divided into “segments,” perhaps by some kind of defects. For the present pF chains, the segmentation either does not apply to triplet excitons or is transient so that the defects are healed or surmounted in times much shorter than 1 µs. Triplets on chains without end trap groups transfer to chains with end traps on a slower time scale. Rate constants for these bimolecular triplet transfer reactions were found to increase with the length of the accepting chain, as did rate constants for triplet transfer to the chains from small molecules like biphenyl. As a

  9. Energy Technology Division Energy Technology Division Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Motors Corp., Lockport, NY S. Smialowska, Ohio State University, Columbus R. E. Smith, Altran Corp., Huntersville, NC U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research, ...

  10. Source characterization and control technology assessment of methylene chloride emissions from Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, NY. Final report, July 1988-April 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walata, S.A.; Rehm, R.M.

    1989-07-01

    This report gives results of an assessment of potential control technologies for methylene chloride (also known as dichloromethane or DCM) emission sources at Eastman Kodak Company's Kodak Park facility in Rochester, NY. DCM is a solvent used by Kodak in the manufacture of cellulose triacetate film support. Work has involved: a plant visit where major DCM emission sources were inspected, and evaluation of current and potential control technologies for the DCM emission sources. The report contains information gathered during the plant visit to the Kodak Park facility. Included are emission estimates determined by Kodak of all emission points greater than 8000 lb (3600 kg)/yr DCM, as well as a description of each point observed during the visit. Also included are results of an evaluation of control technologies that might be applied to the major emission sources. A cost analysis of different add-on control devices is provided for four of the uncontrolled emission points.

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    07 Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM 07 Site ID (CSD Index Number): NM.09 Site Name: LOS ALAMOS LAND PARCELS A B C E K L N PIPELINE (NM.07) / LASL PIPELINE FACILITY (NM.08) / LASL TRACTS EASTERN AREA L Site Summary: These land parcels, previously owned by the federal government, were sold in 1972. The pipeline facility and eastern area L were identified separately in some documents and assigned individual numbers by FUSRAP researchers, but these parcels were included in NM.07. Site Link:

  12. Low-noise low-jitter 32-pixels CMOS single-photon avalanche diodes array for single-photon counting from 300 nm to 900 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scarcella, Carmelo; Tosi, Alberto Villa, Federica; Tisa, Simone; Zappa, Franco

    2013-12-15

    We developed a single-photon counting multichannel detection system, based on a monolithic linear array of 32 CMOS SPADs (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes). All channels achieve a timing resolution of 100 ps (full-width at half maximum) and a photon detection efficiency of 50% at 400 nm. Dark count rate is very low even at room temperature, being about 125 counts/s for 50 ?m active area diameter SPADs. Detection performance and microelectronic compactness of this CMOS SPAD array make it the best candidate for ultra-compact time-resolved spectrometers with single-photon sensitivity from 300 nm to 900 nm.

  13. The SEMATECH Berkeley MET: extending EUV learning to 16-nm half pitch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Christopher N.; Baclea-an, Lorie Mae; Denham, Paul E.; George, Simi; Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Jones, Michael; Smith, Nathan; Wallow, Thomas; Montgomery, Warren; Naulleau, Patrick P.

    2011-03-18

    Several high-performing resists identified in the past two years have been exposed at the 0.3-numerical-aperture (NA) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (BMET) with an engineered dipole illumination optimized for 18-nm half pitch. Five chemically amplified platforms were found to support 20-nm dense patterning at a film thickness of approximately 45 nm. At 19-nm half pitch, however, scattered bridging kept all of these resists from cleanly resolving larger areas of dense features. At 18-nm half pitch, none of the resists were are able to cleanly resolve a single line within a bulk pattern. With this same illumination a directly imageable metal oxide hardmask showed excellent performance from 22-nm half pitch to 17-nm half pitch, and good performance at 16-nm half pitch, closely following the predicted aerial image contrast. This indicates that observed limitations of the chemically amplified resists are indeed coming from the resist and not from a shortcoming of the exposure tool. The imageable hardmask was also exposed using a Pseudo Phase-Shift-Mask technique and achieved clean printing of 15-nm half pitch lines and modulation all the way down to the theoretical 12.5-nm resolution limit of the 0.3-NA SEMATECH BMET.

  14. Scaling trends in SET pulse widths in Sub-100 nm bulk CMOS processes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimham, Balaji; Ahlbin, Jonathan R.; Schrimpf, Ronald D.; Gadlage, Matthew J.; Massengill, Lloyd W.; Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Reed, Robert A.; Bhuva, Bharat L.

    2010-07-01

    Digital single-event transient (SET) measurements in a bulk 65-nm process are compared to transients measured in 130-nm and 90-nm processes. The measured SET widths are shorter in a 65-nm test circuit than SETs measured in similar 90-nm and 130-nm circuits, but, when the factors affecting the SET width measurements (in particular pulse broadening and the parasitic bipolar effect) are considered, the actual SET width trends are found to be more complex. The differences in the SET widths between test circuits can be attributed in part to differences in n-well contact area. These results help explain some of the inconsistencies in SET measurements presented by various researchers over the past few years.

  15. QER Public Meeting in Santa Fe, NM: State, Local and Tribal Issues...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Office Auditorium 2600 Cerrillos Road Santa Fe, NM 87505-3258 Meeting Information Federal ... The entirety of all comments received in response to the Quadrennial Energy Review will ...

  16. Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chao, W.; Kim, J.; Rekawa, S.; Fischer, P.; Anderson, E. H.

    2009-06-05

    To extend soft x-ray microscopy to a resolution of order 10 nm or better, we developed a new nanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. The new process, based on the double patterning technique, has enabled us to fabricate high quality gold zone plates with 12 nm outer zones. Testing of the zone plate with the full-field transmission x-ray microscope, XM-1, in Berkeley, showed that the lens clearly resolved 12 nm lines and spaces. This result represents a significant step towards 10 nm resolution and beyond.

  17. A widely tunable erbium-doped fiber laser pumped at 532 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, C.Y. ); Choy, M.M.; Andrejco, M.J.; Saifi, M.A.; Lin, C. )

    1990-01-01

    In this paper, the authors report a tunable erbium-doped fiber laser with a very wide continuous-tuning range (1522--1567 nm). The wide tuning range was achieved using an aluminum/erbium-doped fiber; the aluminum co-doping is known to broaden the gain spectrum substantially. The tunable fiber laser has a ring laser configuration consisting of an in-line tunable etalon as the tuning element. Continuous tuning over 45 nm in the spectral range of 1522--1567 nm was achieved with 80 mW of pumping at 532 nm, using the second harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser as the pump source.

  18. The SEMATECH Berkeley MET pushing EUV development beyond 22-nm half pitch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naulleau, P.; Anderson, C. N.; Backlea-an, L.-M.; Chan, D.; Denham, P.; George, S.; Goldberg, K. A.; Hoef, B.; Jones, G.; Koh, C.; La Fontaine, B.; McClinton, B.; Miyakawa, R.; Montgomery, W.; Rekawa, S.; Wallow, T.

    2010-03-18

    Microfield exposure tools (METs) play a crucial role in the development of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) resists and masks, One of these tools is the SEMATECH Berkeley 0.3 numerical aperture (NA) MET, Using conventional illumination this tool is limited to approximately 22-nm half pitch resolution. However, resolution enhancement techniques have been used to push the patterning capabilities of this tool to half pitches of 18 nm and below, This resolution was achieved in a new imageable hard mask which also supports contact printing down to 22 nm with conventional illumination. Along with resolution, line-edge roughness is another crucial hurdle facing EUV resists, Much of the resist LER, however, can be attributed to the mask. We have shown that intenssionally aggressive mask cleaning on an older generation mask causes correlated LER in photoresist to increase from 3.4 nm to 4,0 nm, We have also shown that new generation EUV masks (100 pm of substrate roughness) can achieve correlated LER values of 1.1 nm, a 3x improvement over the correlated LER of older generation EUV masks (230 pm of substrate roughness), Finally, a 0.5-NA MET has been proposed that will address the needs of EUV development at the 16-nm node and beyond, The tool will support an ultimate resolution of 8 nm half-pitch and generalized printing using conventional illumination down to 12 nm half pitch.

  19. EM, N.M. Officials Celebrate New Emergency Center for Waste Isolation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CARLSBAD, N.M. - Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Mark Whitney joined New Mexico ... Recovery Manager Tammy Reynolds; New Mexico Environment Department Secretary Ryan ...

  20. Spectroscopic study of carbon plasma produced by the first (1064 nm) and second (532 nm) harmonics of Nd:YAG laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanif, M.; Salik, M.; Arif, F.

    2015-03-15

    In this research work, spectroscopic studies of carbon (C) plasma by using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) are presented. The plasma was produced by the first (1064 nm) and second (532 nm) harmonics of a Q-switched Nd:YAG (Quantel Brilliant) pulsed laser having a pulse duration of 5 ns and 10-Hz repetition rate, which is capable of delivering 400 mJ at 1064 nm and 200 mJ at 532 nm. The laser beam was focused on the target material (100% carbon) by placing it in air at atmospheric pressure. The experimentally observed line profiles of five neutral carbon (C I) lines at 247.85, 394.22, 396.14, 588.95, and 591.25 nm were used to extract the electron temperature T{sub e} by using the Boltzmann plot method and determine its value, 9880 and 9400 K, respectively, for the fundamental and second harmonics of the laser, whereas the electron density N{sub e} was determined from the Stark broadening profile of neutral carbon line at 247.85 nm. The values of N{sub e} at a distance of 0.05 mm from the target surface for the fundamental-harmonic laser with a pulse energy of 130 mJ and the second-harmonic laser with a pulse energy of 72 mJ are 4.68 × 10{sup 17} and 5.98 × 10{sup 17} cm{sup −3}, respectively. This extracted information on T{sub e} and N{sub e} is useful for the deposition of carbon thin films by using the pulsed laser deposition technique. Moreover, both plasma parameters (T{sub e} and N{sub e}) were also calculated by varying the distance from the target surface along the line of propagation of the plasma plume and also by varying the laser irradiance.

  1. Building America Case Study: Apartment Compartmentalization with an Aerosol-Based Sealing Process - Queens, NY; Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-07-01

    Air sealing of building enclosures is a difficult and time-consuming process. Current methods in new construction require laborers to physically locate small and sometimes large holes in multiple assemblies and then manually seal each of them. The innovation demonstrated under this research study was the automated air sealing and compartmentalization of buildings through the use of an aerosolized sealant, developed by the Western Cooling Efficiency Center at University of California Davis.
    CARB sought to demonstrate this new technology application in a multifamily building in Queens, NY. The effectiveness of the sealing process was evaluated by three methods: air leakage testing of overall apartment before and after sealing, point-source testing of individual leaks, and pressure measurements in the walls of the target apartment during sealing. Aerosolized sealing was successful by several measures in this study. Many individual leaks that are labor-intensive to address separately were well sealed by the aerosol particles. In addition, many diffuse leaks that are difficult to identify and treat were also sealed. The aerosol-based sealing process resulted in an average reduction of 71% in air leakage across three apartments and an average apartment airtightness of 0.08 CFM50/SF of enclosure area.

  2. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolff, T.A.; Hansen, R.P.

    1998-08-01

    This report on National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) chronicles past and current compliance activities and includes a recommended strategy that can be implemented for continued improvement. This report provides a list of important references. Attachment 1 contains the table of contents for SAND95-1648, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Guide Sandia National Laboratories (Hansen, 1995). Attachment 2 contains a list of published environmental assessments (EAs) and environmental impact statements (EISs) prepared by SNL/NM. Attachment 3 contains abstracts of NEPA compliance papers authored by SNL/NM and its contractors.

  3. File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NM.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NM.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution (1,650 1,275...

  4. HSQ double patterning process for 12 nm resolution x-ray zone...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    algorithm, we have successfully fabricated in-house gold zone plates of 12 nm outer zones. ... Publication Date: 2009-06-16 OSTI Identifier: 963539 Report Number(s): LBNL-2100E TRN: ...

  5. NM Stat. 62-9 - The Utility Franchise | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NM Stat. 62-9 - The Utility FranchiseLegal Abstract This statute governs state law pertaining to utilities. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2013 Legal Citation...

  6. Change LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 19, 2015-Researchers at Los Alamos...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tree mortality accelerating in forests May 19, 2015 Los Alamos' paper published in Nature Climate Change LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 19, 2015-Researchers at Los Alamos National...

  7. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    info. GDP from BLM's Grass Wells Database, LR2000 SRPs, or State Mineral Commissions Databases. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DN...

  8. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    info. GDP from BLM's Grass Wells Database, LR2000 SRPs, or State Mineral Commissions Databases. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DN...

  9. Development of bottom-emitting 1300 nm vertical-cavity surface...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Development of bottom-emitting 1300 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. No abstract prepared. Authors: Fish, M. A. 1 ; Serkland, Darwin Keith ; Guilfoyle, Peter S. ...

  10. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    laser-driven neutrons to stop nuclear smugglers June 4, 2013 Los Alamos shows first nuclear material detection by single short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source LOS ALAMOS, N.M., ...

  11. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    00-DNA Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for GeothermalWell Field, DNA for Injection...

  12. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    111-DNA Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for GeothermalExploration, DNA for Three...

  13. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    6-CX Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX CX at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for GeothermalExploration CX at Lightning Dock...

  14. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2-DNA Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for GeothermalExploration DNA for Well 55-7 at...

  15. Laser induced effects on ZnO targets upon ablation at 266 and 308 nm wavelengths

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jadraque, Maria; Martin, Margarita; Domingo, Concepcion

    2008-07-15

    The development of structural changes in ZnO targets, upon laser irradiation at the wavelengths of 266 and 308 nm, is studied by Raman spectroscopy. At the wavelength of 308 nm, oxygen vacancies are found to develop monotonically with increasing laser intensity. At 266 nm, a structural change in the irradiated ZnO targets, possibly related to nanostructuring, is observed above the laser fluence of 0.45 J cm{sup -2}. The different natures of the laser target interaction processes taking place at both wavelengths are investigated through the characterization of the composition and energy distribution of the species ejected in the ablation. The energy of the neutral Zn and Zn{sub 2} present in the ablation at 308 nm shows a smooth dependence on laser fluence which is consistent with the observed smooth development of oxygen vacancies. At 266 nm, the average kinetic energy of the ejected fragments is higher than at 308 nm and changes abruptly with the ablating laser fluence, consistently with the presence of a fluence threshold above which structural transform is observed at this wavelength. The plume shows the same neutral composition (Zn, ZnO, and Zn{sub 2}) at both wavelengths but the dependence on fluence of the ratio of neutral atomic Zn to the dimer Zn{sub 2} shows significant differences. From the latter, different temperature regimes can be inferred in the plume generated at both wavelengths. At 266 nm the cationic composition of the plume is mainly stoichiometric whereas at 308 nm ZnO{sub 2(3)}H{sub 2(1)}{sup +} cations have the highest intensity.

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Ambrosia Lake Mill Site - NM 0-01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Ambrosia Lake Mill Site - NM 0-01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Ambrosia Lake Mill Site (NM.0-01) Licensed to DOE for long-term custody and managed by the Office of Legacy Management Designated Name: Ambrosia Lake, New Mexico, Disposal Site Alternate Name: Ambrosia Lake Mill Site Uranium Mill in Ambrosia Lake Location: McKinley County, New Mexico Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) Title I site Radioactive Materials Handled:

  17. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - NM

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    0-02 Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - NM 0-02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station (NM.0-02 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: The history of domestic uranium procurement under U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) contracts identifies a number of ore buying stations (sampling and storage sites)

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Grants AEC Ore Buying Station - NM 18

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Grants AEC Ore Buying Station - NM 18 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Grants AEC Ore Buying Station (NM.18 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: The history of domestic uranium procurement under U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) contracts identifies a number of ore buying stations (sampling and storage sites) that were operated

  19. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Project Gas Buggy Site - NM 14

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Gas Buggy Site - NM 14 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Project Gas Buggy Site (NM.14 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Gasbuggy, New Mexico, Site Nevada Test Site History Documents Related to Project Gas Buggy Site Fact Sheet Gasbuggy, New Mexico The Gasbuggy Site is located in northwestern New Mexico in Rio Arriba County

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Shiprock Mill Site - NM 0-04

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Shiprock Mill Site - NM 0-04 Site ID (CSD Index Number): NM.0-04 Site Name: Shiprock Mill Site Site Summary: Site Link: Shiprock Disposal, New Mexico, Site External Site Link: Alternate Name(s): Shiprock Mill Site Uranium Mill at Shiprock Alternate Name Documents: Location: Shiprock, New Mexico, Navajo Nation Location Documents: Historical Operations (describe contaminants): Historical Operations Documents: Eligibility Determination: Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) Title I

  1. Imaging magnetic domain structure in sub-500 nm thin film elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirk, K. J.; McVitie, S.; Chapman, J. N.; Wilkinson, C. D. W.

    2001-06-01

    Magnetic imaging in the transmission electron microscope (TEM) has been used to examine submicron elements with the aim of discovering down to what element size complex domain patterns can form. The elements were squares, circles, triangles, and pentagons in the size range 100{endash}500 nm and were made from 36 nm Co films or 8 nm Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} (NiFe) with in-plane magnetization. The magnetic domain structures in these elements were imaged at high resolution using the differential phase contrast imaging mode in a TEM. Nonuniform magnetization structures were seen in the images. Vortices were present at remanence in all shapes of 36-nm-thick Co elements down to 100 nm size and in circular NiFe elements down to 116 nm diameter. Triangular NiFe elements did not have a vortex state at remanence, instead the magnetization curved round within the element but did not achieve complete flux closure. In simulations of square and circular NiFe elements, it was found that defects at the edges of the elements encouraged reversal by a vortex mechanism, whereas for simulated elements with no defects, reversal was by rotation and occurred at much lower fields. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

  2. A compact ultranarrow high-power laser system for experiments with 578 nm ytterbium clock transition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cappellini, G.; Lombardi, P.; Mancini, M.; Pagano, G.; Pizzocaro, M.; Fallani, L.; Catani, J.

    2015-07-15

    In this paper, we present the realization of a compact, high-power laser system able to excite the ytterbium clock transition at 578 nm. Starting from an external-cavity laser based on a quantum dot chip at 1156 nm with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator, we were able to obtain up to 60 mW of visible light at 578 nm via frequency doubling. The laser is locked with a 500 kHz bandwidth to an ultra-low-expansion glass cavity stabilized at its zero coefficient of thermal expansion temperature through an original thermal insulation and correction system. This laser allowed the observation of the clock transition in fermionic {sup 173}Y b with a <50 Hz linewidth over 5 min, limited only by a residual frequency drift of some 0.1 Hz/s.

  3. Passivation of c-Si surfaces by sub-nm amorphous silicon capped with silicon nitride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan, Yimao Yan, Di; Bullock, James; Zhang, Xinyu; Cuevas, Andres

    2015-12-07

    A sub-nm hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) film capped with silicon nitride (SiN{sub x}) is shown to provide a high level passivation to crystalline silicon (c-Si) surfaces. When passivated by a 0.8 nm a-Si:H/75 nm SiN{sub x} stack, recombination current density J{sub 0} values of 9, 11, 47, and 87 fA/cm{sup 2} are obtained on 10 Ω·cm n-type, 0.8 Ω·cm p-type, 160 Ω/sq phosphorus-diffused, and 120 Ω/sq boron-diffused silicon surfaces, respectively. The J{sub 0} on n-type 10 Ω·cm wafers is further reduced to 2.5 ± 0.5 fA/cm{sup 2} when the a-Si:H film thickness exceeds 2.5 nm. The passivation by the sub-nm a-Si:H/SiN{sub x} stack is thermally stable at 400 °C in N{sub 2} for 60 min on all four c-Si surfaces. Capacitance–voltage measurements reveal a reduction in interface defect density and film charge density with an increase in a-Si:H thickness. The nearly transparent sub-nm a-Si:H/SiN{sub x} stack is thus demonstrated to be a promising surface passivation and antireflection coating suitable for all types of surfaces encountered in high efficiency c-Si solar cells.

  4. A 4 to 0.1 nm FEL Based on the SLAC Linac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pellegrini, C.; /UCLA

    2012-06-05

    The author show that using existing electron gun technology and a high energy linac like the one at SLAC, it is possible to build a Free Electron Laser operating around the 4 nm water window. A modest improvement in the gun performance would further allow to extend the FEL to the 0.1 nm region. Such a system would produce radiation with a brightness many order of magnitude above that of any synchrotron radiation source, existing or under construction, with laser power in the multigawatt region and subpicosecond pulse length.

  5. Measurement of the quantum efficiency of TMAE and TEA from threshold to 120 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holroyd, R.A.; Preses, J.M.; Woody, C.L.; Johnson, R.A.

    1986-01-01

    Several existing and planned high energy physics experiments incorporate detectors which use either TMAE (tetrakis-dimethylaminoethylene) or TEA (triethylamine) as their photosensitive agent. Understanding the operation of these devices requires knowledge of the absolute photoionization quantum efficiencies and absorption lengths of TMAE and TEA. In an experiment performed at the National Synchrotron Light source at Brookhaven National Laboratory, we have measured these parameters from 120 nm to 280 nm. The quantum efficiencies were normalized to the known photoionization yields of benzene and cis-2-butene. The results of these measurements and details of the experiment are presented in this paper.

  6. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Wednesday, 31 August 2005 00:00 Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their

  7. NY); Logvenov, Gennady (Port Jefferson Station, NY); Gozar, Adrian...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    50 K and this enhanced superconductivity is also shown to originate from a 1 to 2 unit cell thick interfacial layer. The results demonstrate that engineering artificial...

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- New York, NY, Site - NY...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    FACT SHEET This fact sheet provides information about the New York, New York, Site. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. Aerial ...

  9. paper-LSPP16

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FL PADD 4: Rocky Mountain PADD 5: West Coast PADD 2: Midwest PADD 1: East Coast PADD 3: Gulf Coast PADD1A: New England PADD1B: Central Atlantic PADD1C: Lower Atlantic Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts AK HI WA OR CA NV AZ MT WY CO UT ID ND SD NE KS OK MO MN WI MI IL IN OH KY TN IA NM TX AR LA AL MS WV VA NC SC GA FL ME NH VT NY PA NJ MD DE MA CT RI

    pantex On Womens Equality Day, we celebrate NNSA's talented Women in STEM NNSA's systems administrators keep the computers running

  10. padd map

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    FL PADD 4: Rocky Mountain PADD 5: West Coast PADD 2: Midwest PADD 1: East Coast PADD 3: Gulf Coast PADD1A: New England PADD1B: Central Atlantic PADD1C: Lower Atlantic Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts AK HI WA OR CA NV AZ MT WY CO UT ID ND SD NE KS OK MO MN WI MI IL IN OH KY TN IA NM TX AR LA AL MS WV VA NC SC GA FL ME NH VT NY PA NJ MD DE MA CT RI

  11. printer_friendly_org_chart

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    FL PADD 4: Rocky Mountain PADD 5: West Coast PADD 2: Midwest PADD 1: East Coast PADD 3: Gulf Coast PADD1A: New England PADD1B: Central Atlantic PADD1C: Lower Atlantic Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts AK HI WA OR CA NV AZ MT WY CO UT ID ND SD NE KS OK MO MN WI MI IL IN OH KY TN IA NM TX AR LA AL MS WV VA NC SC GA FL ME NH VT NY PA NJ MD DE MA CT RI

    Administrator U.S. Energy Information Administration Adam Sieminski Deputy Administrator Howard Gruenspecht Assistant Administrator

  12. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.9 Educational Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    6 2010 Regional New Construction and Renovations Expenditures for Public K-12 Schools ($Million) Region New Schools Additions Renovation Total Region 1 (CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT) Region 2 (NJ, NY, PA) Region 3 (DE, MD, VA, WV) Region 4 (KY, NC, SC, TN) Region 5 (AL, FL, GA, MS) Region 6 (IN, MI, OH) Region 7 (IL, MN, WI) Region 8 (IA, KS, MO, NE) Region 9 (AR, LA, OK, TX) Region 10 (CO, MT, ND, NM, SD, UT, WY) Region 11 (AZ, CA, HI, NV) Region 12 (AK, ID, OR, WA) Total Source(s): School Planning

  13. DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Overview Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program DOE/CESA/TTC Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Webinar December 14, 2010 2 Examples of DOE-funded Partners and Locations - Fuel Cell Technologies Program TX NM AZ NC AR CA CO HI WA IL KY MA MN MO MS AL NV TN UT WV ID FL MI ND OR OH IN MT WY IO NE KS OK AK LA GA WI SC VA PA DE MD DC NJ NY RI CT VT NH ME SD Source: US DOE 12/2010 2 3 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges 4

  14. Print

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    < 5k 0 < 50k < 100k < 250k < 500k < 1M > 1M > 5M > 10M DE MD DC MA RI NJ AZ UT WY ID OR WA CA TX OK KS CO NE SD ND MN WI IL IA MO AR LA MS AL FL GA TN KY IN OH MI ME NH CT VT NY PA WV VA NC SC MT AK HI NV NM Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Procured Materials and Services 2015 (> $35M) Small business procurements in US: $14.73M

  15. Department of Energy (DOE) OpenNet documents

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Account Request *First Name: *Last Name: *Organization: *Phone: *Email: Fax: *Address: *City: *State: Select AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE DC FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY Zip Code: *Affiliation: Select Federal Contractor *Access Level: Select View Release Official Releasing Official: release *Site Input Code: Select A2EDAP - Atmosphere to Electrons (A2e) Data Archive and Portal, Pacific Northwest National

  16. Efficient methylammonium lead iodide perovskite solar cells with active layers from 300 to 900 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Momblona, C.; Malinkiewicz, O.; Soriano, A.; Gil-Escrig, L.; Bandiello, E.; Scheepers, M.; Bolink, H. J.; Edri, E.

    2014-08-01

    Efficient methylammonium lead iodide perovskite-based solar cells have been prepared in which the perovskite layer is sandwiched in between two organic charge transporting layers that block holes and electrons, respectively. This configuration leads to stable and reproducible devices that do not suffer from strong hysteresis effects and when optimized lead to efficiencies close to 15%. The perovskite layer is formed by using a dual-source thermal evaporation method, whereas the organic layers are processed from solution. The dual-source thermal evaporation method leads to smooth films and allows for high precision thickness variations. Devices were prepared with perovskite layer thicknesses ranging from 160 to 900 nm. The short-circuit current observed for these devices increased with increasing perovskite layer thickness. The main parameter that decreases with increasing perovskite layer thickness is the fill factor and as a result optimum device performance is obtained for perovskite layer thickness around 300 nm. However, here we demonstrate that with a slightly oxidized electron blocking layer the fill factor for the solar cells with a perovskite layer thickness of 900 nm increases to the same values as for the devices with thin perovskite layers. As a result the power conversion efficiencies for the cells with 300 and 900 nm are very similar, 12.7% and 12%, respectively.

  17. Precursor to equatorial spread-F in OI 630.0 nm dayglow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sridharan, R.; Raju, D.P.; Raghavarao, R.; Ramarao, P.V.S.

    1994-12-15

    The authors report a correlation between 630 nm O sdayglow measurements made from India and the occurance of equatorial spread F (ESF). They observe that features of the dayglow can serve as a precursor for the appearance of ESF phenomena, with a lead time of up to 3 hours.

  18. Performance of a High-Concentration Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier with 100 nm Amplification Bandwidth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hajireza, P.; Shahabuddin, N. S.; Abbasi-Zargaleh, S.; Emami, S. D.; Abdul-Rashid, H. A.; Yusoff, Z.

    2010-07-07

    Increasing demand for higher bandwidth has driven the need for higher Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) channels. One of the requirements to achieve this is a broadband amplifier. This paper reports the performance of a broadband, compact, high-concentration and silica-based erbium-doped fiber amplifier. The amplifier optimized to a 2.15 m long erbium-doped fiber with erbium ion concentration of 2000 ppm. The gain spectrum of the amplifier has a measured amplification bandwidth of 100 nm using a 980 nm laser diode with power of 150 mW. This silica-based EDFA shows lower noise figure, higher gain and wider bandwidth in shorter wavelengths compared to Bismuth-based EDFA with higher erbium ion concentration of 3250 ppm at equivalent EDF length. The silica-based EDF shows peak gain at 22 dB and amplification bandwidth between 1520 nm and 1620 nm. The lowest noise figure is 5 dB. The gain is further improved with the implementation of enhanced EDFA configurations.

  19. Imaging of electrical response of NiOx under controlled environment with sub-25-nm resolution

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jacobs, Christopher B.; Ievlev, Anton V.; Collins, Liam F.; Muckley, Eric S.; Joshi, Pooran C.; Ivanov, Ilia N.

    2016-07-19

    The spatially resolved electrical response of rf-sputtered polycrystalline NiOx films composed of 40 nm crystallites was investigated under different relative humidity levels (RH). The topological and electrical properties (surface potential and resistance) were characterized using Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) and conductive scanning probe microscopy at 0%, 50%, and 80% relative humidity with sub 25nm resolution. The surface potential of NiOx decreased by about 180 mV and resistance decreased in a nonlinear fashion by about 2 G when relative humidity was increased from 0% to 80%. The dimensionality of surface features obtained through autocorrelation analysis of topological, surface potential andmore » resistance maps increased linearly with increased relative humidity as water was adsorbed onto the film surface. Spatially resolved surface potential and resistance of the NiOx films were found to be heterogeneous, with distinct features that grew in size from about 60 nm to 175 nm between 0% and 80% RH levels, respectively. Here, we find that the changes in the heterogeneous character of the NiO films are consistent through the topological, surface potential, and resistance measurements, suggesting that the nanoscale surface potential and resistance properties converge with the mesoscale properties as water is adsorbed onto the NiOx film.« less

  20. EM, N.M. Officials Celebrate New Emergency Center for Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CARLSBAD, N.M. – Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Mark Whitney joined New Mexico officials and others to mark the completion of a new state-of-the-art Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Emergency Operations Center in a ribbon-cutting ceremony recently.

  1. NY_08-10.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  2. NY_29-4.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  3. NY_36-3.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  4. NY_40-1.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  5. NY_48-1.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  6. NY_50-2.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  7. NY_60-1.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  8. ZERH Training Session: Syracuse, NY

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home is a high performance home which is so energy efficient, that a renewable energy system can offset all or most of its annual energy Consumption.US DOE Zero Energy...

  9. NY_10-13.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  10. NY_17-18.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  11. NY.O-20- I

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Ol-e Refined Source Material Residue Natural. Radioactive Material from Non-Nuclear Man-Made I Facility was Licensed During AECMED-Related Operations For Simil.ar Activities...

  12. THE INFRARED SPECTRUM OF URANIUM HOLLOW CATHODE LAMPS FROM 850 nm to 4000 nm: WAVENUMBERS AND LINE IDENTIFICATIONS FROM FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTRA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redman, Stephen L.; Ramsey, Lawrence W.; Mahadevan, Suvrath [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Lawler, James E. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, 1150 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Nave, Gillian [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)

    2011-08-01

    We provide new measurements of wavenumbers and line identifications of 10, 100 U I and U II near-infrared (NIR) emission lines between 2500 cm{sup -1} and 12, 000 cm{sup -1} (4000-850 nm) using archival Fourier transform spectrometer spectra from the National Solar Observatory. This line list includes isolated uranium lines in the Y, J, H, K, and L bands (0.9-1.1 {mu}m, 1.2-1.35 {mu}m, 1.5-1.65 {mu}m, 2.0-2.4 {mu}m, and 3.0-4.0 {mu}m, respectively), and provides six times as many calibration lines as thorium in the NIR spectral range. The line lists we provide enable inexpensive, commercially available uranium hollow cathode lamps to be used for high-precision wavelength calibration of existing and future high-resolution NIR spectrographs.

  13. MAGNETIC FIELDS OF AN ACTIVE REGION FILAMENT FROM FULL STOKES ANALYSIS OF Si I 1082.7 nm AND He I 1083.0 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Z.; Liu, Y.

    2012-04-20

    Vector magnetic fields of an active region filament in the photosphere and upper chromosphere are obtained from spectro-polarimetric observations recorded with the Tenerife Infrared Polarimeter (TIP II) at the German Vacuum Tower Telescope. We apply Milne-Eddington inversions on full Stokes vectors of the photospheric Si I 1082.7 nm and the upper chromospheric He I triplet at 1083.0 nm to obtain the magnetic field vector and velocity maps in two atmosphere layers. We find that (1) a complete filament was already present in H{alpha} at the beginning of the TIP II data acquisition. Only a partially formed one, composed of multiple small threads, was present in He I. (2) The AR filament comprises two sections. One shows strong magnetic field intensities, about 600-800 G in the upper chromosphere and 800-1000 G in the photosphere. The other exhibits only comparatively weak magnetic field strengths in both layers. (3) The Stokes V signal is indicative of a dip in the magnetic field strength close to the chromospheric PIL. (4) In the chromosphere, consistent upflows are found along the PIL flanked by downflows. (5) The transversal magnetic field is nearly parallel to the PIL in the photosphere and inclined by 20 Degree-Sign -30 Degree-Sign in the chromosphere. (6) The chromospheric magnetic field around the filament is found to be in normal configuration, while the photospheric field presents a concave magnetic topology. The observations are consistent with the emergence of a flux rope with a subsequent formation of a filament.

  14. Stable formation of ultrahigh power-density 248 nm channels in Xe cluster targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borisov, Alex B.; Racz, Ervin; Khan, Shahab F.; Poopalasingam, Sankar; McCorkindale, John C.; Boguta, John; Longworth, James W.; Rhodes, Charles K.

    2012-07-11

    The optimization of relativistic and ponderomotive self-channeling of ultra-powerful 248 nm laser pulses launched in underdense plasmas with an appropriate longitudinal gradient in the electron density profile located at the initial stage of the self-channeling leads to (1) stable channel formation and (2) highly efficient power compression producing power densities in the 10{sup 19}-10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 3} range. The comparison of theoretical studies with experimental results involving the correlation of (a) Thomson images of the electron density with (b) x-ray images of the channel morphology demonstrates that more than 90% of the incident 248 nm power can be trapped in stable channels and that this stable propagation can be extended to power levels significantly exceeding the critical power of the self-channeling process.

  15. 32.8-nm X-ray laser produced in a krypton cluster jet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanova, E P; Vinokhodov, A Yu

    2013-12-31

    We have interpreted the well-known experimental quantum yield data for a 32.8-nm X-ray laser operating at the 3d{sup 9}4d (J = 0) 3d{sup 9}4p (J = 1) transition of Kr{sup 8+} with the use of gaseous krypton or a krypton cluster jet. Proceeding from our model we propose a novel scheme for the 32.8-nm laser produced in a krypton cluster jet. The quantum yield is shown to saturate for a plasma length of ?300 ?m, a krypton ion density n{sub Kr} ? (4 9) 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}, and an electron temperature Te ? 5000 eV. In this case, the energy conversion coefficient amounts to ?5 10{sup -3} of the pump pulse energy. We propose the experimental setup for producing a highefficiency subpicosecond X-ray laser in a krypton cluster jet. (lasers)

  16. Demonstration of a GaAs-based 1550-nm continuous wave photomixer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, W.-D. Brown, E. R.; Middendorf, J. R.

    2015-01-12

    An Er:GaAs-based 1550-nm CW photomixer is demonstrated. The related mechanism is extrinsic photoconductivity with optical absorption between the localized deep levels created by the Er and the extended states above the conduction band edge of GaAs. With the power boost made possible by a fiber-coupled erbium-doped-fiber amplifier, the Er:GaAs photomixers, operating at 1550 nm, radiate THz power levels easily measured by a Golay cell, and display a power spectrum having a −3 dB roll-off frequency of 307 GHz. This corresponds to a photocarrier lifetime of 520 fs, in good agreement with a previous measurement of the bandwidth of the same material in a photoconductive switch.

  17. A InGaN/GaN quantum dot green ({lambda}=524 nm) laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Meng; Banerjee, Animesh; Lee, Chi-Sen; Hinckley, John M.; Bhattacharya, Pallab

    2011-05-30

    The characteristics of self-organized InGaN/GaN quantum dot lasers are reported. The laser heterostructures were grown on c-plane GaN substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy and the laser facets were formed by focused ion beam etching with gallium. Emission above threshold is characterized by a peak at 524 nm (green) and linewidth of 0.7 nm. The lowest measured threshold current density is 1.2 kA/cm{sup 2} at 278 K. The slope and wall plug efficiencies are 0.74 W/A and {approx}1.1%, respectively, at 1.3 kA/cm{sup 2}. The value of T{sub 0}=233 K in the temperature range of 260-300 K.

  18. Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 5, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lab director to link science education, national security in TEDxABQ talk September 5, 2013 Watch live stream at home or at Bradbury Science Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 5, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie McMillan will discuss the linkage between national security and early education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) during a presentation at the TEDxABQ conference in Albuquerque on Saturday, Sept. 7. Although the event is expected to sell out

  19. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical

  20. Michaela G. Farr and Joshua S. Stein Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM, 87185, United States

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spatial Variations in Temperature across a Photovoltaic Array Michaela G. Farr and Joshua S. Stein Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM, 87185, United States ABSTRACT - The efficiency of any photovoltaic device is significantly affected by its operating temperature. It is therefore of great interest to the PV industry to have accurate models of module and array temperatures. Existing PV performance models generally assume that module temperature is a function of plane-of-array irradiance,

  1. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 2, 2015-Randy Fraser of Los Alamos National Laboratory's

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Randy Fraser receives NNSA 2014 Security Professional of the Year award April 2, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 2, 2015-Randy Fraser of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Security, Safeguards and Emergency Response Directorate received a 2014 National Nuclear Security Administration Security Professional of the Year award. "I am extremely honored to have the privilege of presenting these amazing individuals with the Bradley A. Peterson Federal and Contractor Security Professional of the Year

  2. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 7, 2016-Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Looking inside plutonium April 7, 2016 New Mexico labs go where no one has gone before LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 7, 2016-Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories have recently conducted plutonium experiments using Sandia's pulsed power Z Machine that have reached regions of pressure, temperature and density in plutonium never before explored in the laboratory. "With Z we have very carefully reached pressure, temperature and density regimes that are relevant to those seen during a nuclear

  3. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 24, 2016-Eight Los Alamos National Laboratory innovations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as R&D 100 Award finalists August 24, 2016 Eight technologies offer breakthroughs in energy, computing, cybersecurity, health, materials and particle accelerators LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 24, 2016-Eight Los Alamos National Laboratory innovations were selected as finalists for the 2016 R&D 100 Awards, which honor the top 100 proven technological advances of the past year as determined by a panel selected by R&D Magazine. The finalists, with projects covering energy, computing, health

  4. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 15, 2014-The Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellows list

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Fellows for 2014 December 15, 2014 Honorees span sciences in physics, astrophysics, chemistry LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 15, 2014-The Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellows list expands by five this week as a new group of high achievers is named. The honorees this year are Christopher L. Fryer, Herbert O. Funsten, John C. Gordon, Jaqueline L. Kiplinger and David S. Moore. "The sustained scientific excellence demonstrated by the work of Chris, Herb, John, Jaqueline and David

  5. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 17, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    more accurately tracks gases for underground nuclear explosion detection December 17, 2015 Model uniquely pairs seismic data with radionuclide fluid-flow models LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 17, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a new, more thorough method for detecting underground nuclear explosions (UNEs) by coupling two fundamental elements-seismic models with gas-flow models-to create a more complete picture of how an explosion's evidence (radionuclide gases) seep to

  6. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 22, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    science news of 2014 December 22, 2014 Biosurveillance, secure computing, alternative energy, unique capabilities highlight the year LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 22, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory today announced its annual top science stories of 2014. The 12 stories selected from diverse disciplines supporting Los Alamos's national security mission range from transferring fool-proof computer encryption techniques to market, to using social media for forecasting diseases, creating a virtual human

  7. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 3, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory molecular

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    explore new strategies to improve photosynthesis, increase energy yields December 6, 2015 First talk is Monday, Dec. 7 in Albuquerque LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 3, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory molecular biologist Richard Sayre discusses how improving photosynthetic efficiency may result in substantial increases in crop yields during two Frontiers in Science lectures titled "Hacking Photosynthesis: Growing Plants to Power Our Engines and Feed the World" beginning Dec. 7 in

  8. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 23, 2015-Nine Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    join prestigious ranks of APS fellows February 23, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 23, 2015-Nine Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists are new Fellows of the American Physical Society. Cristian Batista, Malcolm Boshier, Dana Dattelbaum, Stephen Doorn, Michelle Espy, George Rodriguez, Avadh Saxena, Sergei Tretiak and Lin Yin are the new honorees. "Selection as American Physical Society fellows is de facto proof of the vibrant engagement Los Alamos scientists are having with the larger

  9. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 1, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory employees

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    27,000 pledged by Los Alamos National Laboratory employees in 2014 LAESF scholarship drive July 1, 2014 Investing in success of Northern New Mexico students LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 1, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory employees pledged a record $327,000 during the recently completed 2014 Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund (LAESF) drive. The drive encourages Laboratory employees, retirees, and subcontract personnel to donate to a fund that awards college scholarships to Northern New Mexico

  10. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 24, 2014-Dipen Sinha of Los Alamos National Laboratory's

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Acoustics topic of upcoming Frontiers in Science series July 24, 2014 Tapping sound waves to address energy, national security challenges LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 24, 2014-Dipen Sinha of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Materials Synthesis and Integrated Devices group will discuss acoustics and its applications, including how it is possible to use sound to solve problems in health, national security and for industry, in a series of Frontiers in Science Lectures beginning July 29 at Crossroads

  11. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 18, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fukushima with cosmic rays should speed cleanup June 18, 2014 Los Alamos to partner with Toshiba to remotely and safely peer inside nuclear reactors LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 18, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory today announced an impending partnership with Toshiba Corporation to use a Los Alamos technique called muon tomography to safely peer inside the cores of the Fukushima Daiichi reactors and create high-resolution images of the damaged nuclear material inside without ever breaching the

  12. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 21, 2016-Two Los Alamos National Laboratory projects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy technology projects from Los Alamos gain DOE funding June 21, 2016 Groundwater restoration and fractured rock insights supported LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 21, 2016-Two Los Alamos National Laboratory projects are among technologies supported in today's U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announcement of nearly $16 million in funding to help businesses move promising energy technologies from DOE's National Laboratories to the marketplace. "Los Alamos research expands the options for energy

  13. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 24, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ocean mixing reveals insight on climate June 24, 2015 Eddies pull carbon emissions into deep ocean, new model simulates complex process LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 24, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a computer model that clarifies the complex processes driving ocean mixing in the vast eddies that swirl across hundreds of miles of open ocean. "The model enables us to study the important processes of ocean storms, which move heat and carbon from the atmosphere

  14. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 24, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory mechanical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    computer simulation improves offshore drill rig safety March 24, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 24, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory mechanical and thermal engineering researchers' efforts to solve the complex problem of how ocean currents affect the infrastructure of floating oilrigs and their computational fluid dynamics (CFD) numerical simulations received recognition from ANSYS Inc., a company that provides computer-based engineering simulation capabilities."Because energy resources

  15. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 13, 2013-Today, Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Domestic production of medical isotope Mo-99 moves a step closer May 13, 2013 Los Alamos team produces molybdenum-99 from irradiation of low enriched uranium solution LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 13, 2013-Today, Los Alamos National Laboratory announced that for the first time, irradiated low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel has been recycled and reused for molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) production, with virtually no losses in Mo-99 yields or uranium recovery. This demonstrates the viability of the separation

  16. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 22, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory's Bradbury

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    partnering in national Blue Star Museums program May 22, 2013 Free admission for active duty military, their family members LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 22, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory's Bradbury Science Museum is again partnering with the National Endowment for the Arts, Blue Star Families Foundation and the Department of Defense in the Blue Star Museums program to host active duty military personnel and their families from Memorial Day, May 27, through Labor Day, Sept. 2. "In this the

  17. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 10, 2015-Two Los Alamos National Laboratory employees

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Helping New Mexico small businesses earns recognition for Los Alamos National Lab employees November 10, 2015 Program provides access to technical expertise and laboratory capabilities LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 10, 2015-Two Los Alamos National Laboratory employees were recently recognized in an awards ceremony for providing their technical expertise and access to lab capabilities to help small businesses through the New Mexico Small Business Assistance Program. Don Quintana, a group leader within

  18. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    virus spread and evolution studied through computer modeling November 19, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory are investigating the complex relationships between the spread of the HIV virus in a population (epidemiology) and the actual, rapid evolution of the virus (phylogenetics) within each patient's body. "We have developed novel ways of estimating epidemics dynamics such as who infected whom, and the true population incidence of infection

  19. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 26, 2015-Scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanoscale, multidimensional artificial magnet created October 26, 2015 Embargoed for 10 a.m. Mountain, Oct. 26, 2015 Tiny magnets could work in sensors, information encoding LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 26, 2015-Scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory, in collaboration with a group at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source and with other researchers nationwide, have realized a nanoscale, artificial magnet by arranging an

  20. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., October 9, 2012-Researchers at Los Alamos National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    crystallography aids drug design October 9, 2012 Precisely tailored pharmaceuticals could reduce medical side effects LOS ALAMOS, N.M., October 9, 2012-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory have used neutron crystallography for the first time to determine the structure of a clinical drug in complex with its human target enzyme. Seeing the detailed structure of the bonded components provides insights into developing more effective drugs with fewer side effects for patients. The atomic

  1. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 24, 2016-Nine Los Alamos National Laboratory innovations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    impact innovations honored as R&D 100 Award finalists August 24, 2016 Nine technologies offer breakthroughs in energy, computing, cybersecurity, health, materials and particle accelerators LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 24, 2016-Nine Los Alamos National Laboratory innovations were selected as finalists for the 2016 R&D 100 Awards, which honor the top 100 proven technological advances of the past year as determined by a panel selected by R&D Magazine. The finalists, with projects covering

  2. Change LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 19, 2015-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Drought-induced tree mortality accelerating in forests May 19, 2015 Los Alamos' paper published in Nature Climate Change LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 19, 2015-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory have found that drought and heat-induced tree mortality is accelerating in many forest biomes as a consequence of a warming climate in their paper "Darcy's law predicts widespread forest mortality under climate warming," published in the journal Nature Climate Change. "The warming

  3. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical

  4. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical

  5. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2013: Palo Duro Homes, Inc., Albuquerque, NM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Palo Duro Homes, Inc. Albuquerque, NM BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in to give you

  6. Effects of amines on formation of sub-3 nm particles and their subsequent growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu H.; McGraw R.; Lee S.-H.

    2012-01-28

    Field observations and quantum chemical calculations suggest that amines can be important for formation of nanometer size particles. Amines and ammonia often have common atmospheric emission sources and the similar chemical and physical properties. While the effects of ammonia on aerosol nucleation have been previously investigated, laboratory studies of homogeneous nucleation involving amines are lacking. We have made kinetics studies of multicomponent nucleation (MCN) with sulfuric acid, water, ammonia and amines under conditions relevant to the atmosphere. Low concentrations of aerosol precursors were measured with chemical ionization mass spectrometers (CIMS) to provide constrained precursor concentrations needed for nucleation. Particle sizes larger than {approx}2 nm were measured with a nano-differential mobility analyzer (nano-DMA), and number concentrations of particles larger than {approx}1 nm were measured with a particle size magnifier (PSM). Our observations provide the laboratory evidence that amines indeed can participate in aerosol nucleation and growth at the molecular cluster level. The enhancement of particle number concentrations due to several atmospherically relevant amine compounds and ammonia were related to the basicity of these compounds, indicating that acid-base reactions may contribute to the formation of sub-3 nm particles.

  7. Size dependent compressibility of nano-ceria: Minimum near 33 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodenbough, Philip P.; Song, Junhua; Chan, Siu-Wai; Walker, David; Clark, Simon M.; Kalkan, Bora

    2015-04-20

    We report the crystallite-size-dependency of the compressibility of nanoceria under hydrostatic pressure for a wide variety of crystallite diameters and comment on the size-based trends indicating an extremum near 33 nm. Uniform nano-crystals of ceria were synthesized by basic precipitation from cerium (III) nitrate. Size-control was achieved by adjusting mixing time and, for larger particles, a subsequent annealing temperature. The nano-crystals were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and standard ambient x-ray diffraction (XRD). Compressibility, or its reciprocal, bulk modulus, was measured with high-pressure XRD at LBL-ALS, using helium, neon, or argon as the pressure-transmitting medium for all samples. As crystallite size decreased below 100 nm, the bulk modulus first increased, and then decreased, achieving a maximum near a crystallite diameter of 33 nm. We review earlier work and examine several possible explanations for the peaking of bulk modulus at an intermediate crystallite size.

  8. Scientists to Meet in Carlsbad, NM for Hard Rock Lab Task Force

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientists From Nine Countries to Converge On Carlsbad for Technical Meeting CARLSBAD, N.M., February 7, 2000 - Scientists from nine countries will converge on this southeastern New Mexico city February 7-10 to share their views during the 13 th Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory Task Force Meeting on Modelling of Groundwater Flow and Transport of Solutes. "Carlsbad is quickly becoming recognized as the international center for repository technology," said Dr. Inés Triay, manager of the U.S.

  9. Other Locales W. Clements Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM 87545

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    W. Clements Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM 87545 T. Ackerman Pennsylvania State University University Park, PA 16802 D. Renne National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, CO 80401-3393 The Tropical Western Pacific Locale 100 S to 100 N of the equator and from 1300 E to the dateline. Phased implementation is scheduled to begin in late 1993. The main activity of the TWP project in the next year is to define the particular science to be conducted and to select an appropriate site or

  10. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gamma-ray observatory begins operations at Sierra Negra volcano in the state of Puebla, Mexico August 21, 2013 New site to observe supernovas and supermassive black holes LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma Ray Observatory has begun formal operations at its site in Mexico. HAWC is designed to study the origin of very high-energy cosmic rays and observe the most energetic objects in the known universe. This extraordinary observatory, using a unique

  11. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., August 7, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics August 7, 2013 Is behavior hardwired by DNA or a product of environment? LOS ALAMOS, N.M., August 7, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Karissa Sanbonmatsu, will discuss epigenetics in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures beginning Tuesday, Aug. 13, at the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science in Albuquerque. The 7 p.m. talk, titled "Nature, Nurture or Neither: The New Science of Epigenetics," focuses

  12. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 14, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory's portable

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    named Top 10 Breakthrough of 2015 by Physics World magazine December 20, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 14, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory's portable MRI was named one of the Top 10 Breakthroughs of the Year by Physics World, the member magazine of the Institute of Physics. Portable MRI, also called Battlefield MRI (bMRI), uses ultra-low-field magnetic resonance imaging to create images of injured soft tissues, such as the brain. "Hospital-based MRI devices are big and expensive,"

  13. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    follows the 'Yellowknife Road' to Martian wet area January 15, 2013 Instrument confirms presence of gypsum and related minerals LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory and the French Space Agency have tracked a trail of minerals that point to the prior presence of water at the Curiosity rover site on Mars. Researchers from the Mars Science Laboratory's ChemCam team today described how the laser instrument aboard the Curiosity Rover-an SUV-sized vehicle

  14. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 12, 2013 - Los Alamos National Laboratory Director

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Importance of science education to national security will be Los Alamos director's topic at TEDxABQ July 12, 2013 Importance of science education to national security will be Los Alamos director's topic at TEDxABQ LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 12, 2013 - Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie McMillan will be one of 17 speakers at this year's TEDxABQ, event organizers announced this week. TEDxABQ, scheduled for Saturday, September 7 at Popejoy Hall, is an independently organized event in

  15. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 27, 2015- Four Los Alamos National Laboratory projects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos projects selected as R&D 100 Award finalists July 27, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 27, 2015- Four Los Alamos National Laboratory projects have been selected as finalists for the 2015 R&D 100 awards, which honor the top 100 proven technological advances of the past year as determined by a panel selected by R&D Magazine. The Los Alamos finalists are: LARS: Lab-scale Asynchronous Radiographic System, PipeLIBS: A Self-Contained Elemental Analysis Tool for the Oil Industry,

  16. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 18, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    creates bioinformatics tool for metagenome analysis March 18, 2015 'GOTTCHA' tool could aid ID of co-infections in medical samples LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 18, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a new method for DNA analysis of microbial communities such as those found in the ocean, the soil, and our own guts. "Metagenomics is the study of entire microbial communities using genomics, such as when you sequence the DNA of a whole community of organisms at

  17. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 31, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory climate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures March 31, 2014 It's not easy staying green... LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 31, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory climate researcher Nate McDowell will discuss climate change and its effects on forest systems in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures beginning Wednesday, April 2 at the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science in Albuquerque. "The data we have suggests that forests of the Southwest and many other areas

  18. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 3, 2015-Nina Lanza, of Los Alamos National Laboratory's

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hunting for meteorites in Antarctica November 3, 2015 Los Alamos scientist part of NASA's select few LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 3, 2015-Nina Lanza, of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Space and Remote Sensing group, was selected as one of eight members for the 2015-2016 field campaign of the Antarctica Search for Meteorites (ANSMET) program, which is supported by NASA. "These meteorites can help us understand the formation and evolution of our solar system," said Lanza. "They come

  19. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 22, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory explosives

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rings of Fire: New explosives provide enhanced safety, high energy October 22, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 22, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory explosives chemist David Chavez has synthesized a pair of novel molecules, one possessing a unique fused three-ring structure. These materials could usher in a new class of explosives that provide high-energy output with enhanced safety. "There is a general trend that the higher the performance of an energetic material, the more sensitive the

  20. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 23, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rocket design flight tested October 23, 2014 New rocket propellant and motor design offers high performance and safety LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 23, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists recently flight tested a new rocket design that includes a high-energy fuel and a motor design that also delivers a high degree of safety. "What we're trying to do is break the performance versus sensitivity curve, and make a rocket that's both very high-energy, as well as very safe," said Bryce

  1. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Matter, antimatter and surviving the big bang is topic of Lab's next Frontiers in Science lecture October 31, 2013 Talk begins at 7 p.m. and open to public LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Vincenzo Cirigliano asks the question, How did we survive the big bang? in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures beginning Monday, Nov. 4, in the Duane Smith Auditorium at Los Alamos High School. "Particles and antiparticles were produced in equal numbers in the

  2. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 17, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    insights into HIV-1 vaccine design September 17, 2015 Los Alamos researchers model alternate ideas for an HIV vaccine LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 17, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have created a computational model that could change the way that researchers look at possibilities for an HIV-1 vaccine. "An effective HIV-1 vaccine has proven elusive, partly due to the difficulty of causing an immune response that can neutralize the diverse viral strains circulating in the human

  3. Poly(ethylene terephthalate) surface modification by deep UV (172 nm) irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhengmao Zhua; Michael J. Kelley

    2004-09-01

    The prospects of obtaining desired surface-mediated characteristics while retaining bulk-mediated physical properties and avoiding potential environmental issues with wet chemical technology lends considerable appeal to photochemical approaches. We investigated the response of poly(ethylene terephthalate) to 172 nm UV from a xenon excimer lamp in the absence of oxygen, using XPS, ToF/SIMS, and AFM. The main effects are increasing loss of a C=O moiety and carboxylic acid production without effect on topography up to a total fluence of 16 J/cm2. Above this level no further change in surface chemistry was evident, but surfaces became rougher, suggesting the onset of etching.

  4. 1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer as the ultimate copper diffusion barrier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Ba-Son [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Lin, Jen-Fin [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Perng, Dung-Ching, E-mail: dcperng@ee.ncku.edu.tw [Institute of Microelectronics and Electrical Engineering Department, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)

    2014-02-24

    We demonstrate the thinnest ever reported Cu diffusion barrier, a 1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer. X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra show that the graphene is thermally stable at up to 750?C against Cu diffusion. Transmission electron microscopy images show that there was no inter-diffusion in the Cu/graphene/Si structure. Raman analyses indicate that the graphene may have degraded into a nanocrystalline structure at 750?C. At 800?C, the perfect carbon structure was damaged, and thus the barrier failed. The results of this study suggest that graphene could be the ultimate Cu interconnect diffusion barrier.

  5. Damage thresholds of thin film materials and high reflectors at 248 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rainer, F.; Lowdermilk, W.H.; Milam, D.; Carniglia, C.K.; Hart, T.T.; Lichtenstein, T.L.

    1982-01-01

    Twenty-ns, 248-nm KrF laser pulses were used to measure laser damage thresholds for halfwave-thick layers of 15 oxide and fluoride coating materials, and for high reflectance coatings made with 13 combinations of these materials. The damage thresholds of the reflectors and single-layer films were compared to measurements of several properties of the halfwave-thick films to determine whether measurements of these properties of single-layer films to determine whether measurements of these properties of single-layer films were useful for identifying materials for fabrication of damage resistant coatings.

  6. Picosecond 14.7 nm interferometry of high intensity laser-produced plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, J; Filevich, J; Smith, R F; Moon, S J; Rocca, J J; Keenan, R; Nilsen, J; Shlyaptsev, V N; Hunter, J R; Ng, A; Marconi, M C

    2004-10-14

    We have developed a compact, 14.7 nm, sub-5 ps x-ray laser source at LLNL together with a Mach-Zehnder type Diffraction Grating Interferometer built at Colorado State University for probing dense, high intensity laser-produced plasmas. The short wavelength and pulse length of the probe reduces refraction and absorption effects within the plasma and minimizes plasma motion blurring. This unique diagnostic capability gives precise 2-D density profile snapshots and is generating new data for rapidly evolving laser-heated plasmas. A review of the results from dense, mm-scale line focus plasma experiments will be described with detailed comparisons to hydrodynamic simulations.

  7. CY08 SNL_NM ASER_8_10_09.indb

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    //IA * .~ r'fIA \b1i Sandia Site Office ///IV&.~~~ National Nuclear Security Administration P.o. Box 5400 Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-5400 AUG 262009 To Distribution: Enclosed is a copy of the Calendar Year (CY) 2008 Annual Site Environmental Report for the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Sandia National Laboratories/Nev..: rV:iexico (SNL/NM) for your use as appropriate. This report has recently been approved for public distribution. The

  8. Nonlinear bleaching, absorption, and scattering of 532-nm-irradiated plasmonic nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liberman, V.; Sworin, M.; Kingsborough, R. P.; Geurtsen, G. P.; Rothschild, M.

    2013-02-07

    Single-pulse irradiation of Au and Ag suspensions of nanospheres and nanodisks with 532-nm 4-ns pulses has identified complex optical nonlinearities while minimizing material damage. For all materials tested, we observe competition between saturable absorption (SA) and reverse SA (RSA), with RSA behavior dominating for intensities above {approx}50 MW/cm{sup 2}. Due to reduced laser damage in single-pulse experiments, the observed intrinsic nonlinear absorption coefficients are the highest reported to date for Au nanoparticles. We find size dependence to the nonlinear absorption enhancement for Au nanoparticles, peaking in magnitude for 80-nm nanospheres and falling off at larger sizes. The nonlinear absorption coefficients for Au and Ag spheres are comparable in magnitude. On the other hand, the nonlinear absorption for Ag disks, when corrected for volume fraction, is several times higher. These trends in nonlinear absorption are correlated to local electric field enhancement through quasi-static mean-field theory. Through variable size aperture measurements, we also separate nonlinear scattering from nonlinear absorption. For all materials tested, we find that nonlinear scattering is highly directional and that its magnitude is comparable to that of nonlinear absorption. These results indicate methods to improve the efficacy of plasmonic nanoparticles as optical limiters in pulsed laser systems.

  9. Quantum yield for carbon monoxide production in the 248 nm photodissociation of carbonyl sulfide (OCS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Z.; Stickel, R.E.; Wine, P.H. [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)] [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)

    1995-03-01

    Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy has been coupled with excimer laser flash photolysis to measure the quantum yield for CO production from 248 nm photodissociation of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) relative to the well known quantum yield for CO production from 248 nm photolysis of phosgene (Cl{sub 2}CO). The temporal resolution of the experiments was sufficient to distinguish CO formed directly by photodissociation from that formed by subsequent S({sup 3}P{sub j}) reaction with OCS. Under the experimental conditions employed, CO formation via the fast S({sup 1}D{sub 2})+OCS reaction was minimal. Measurements at 297K and total pressures from 4 to 100 Torr N{sub 2}+N{sub 2}O show the CO yield to be greater than 0.95 and most likely unity. This result suggests that the contribution of OCS as a precursor to the lower stratospheric sulfate aerosol layer is somewhat larger than previously thought. 25 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  10. Measurements and modeling of HO2 formation in the reactions of n-C3H7 and i-C3H7 radicals with O2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taatjes, Craig A.; Estupinan, Edgar Garcia; Klippenstein, Stephen J.

    2004-08-01

    The formation of HO{sub 2} in the reactions of C{sub 2}H{sub 5}, n-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}, and i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7} radicals with O{sub 2} is investigated using the technique of laser photolysis/long-path frequency-modulation spectroscopy. The alkyl radicals are formed by 266 nm photolysis of alkyl iodides. The formation of HO{sub 2} from the subsequent reaction of the alkyl radicals with O{sub 2} is followed by infrared frequency-modulation spectroscopy. The concentration of I atoms is simultaneously monitored by direct absorption of a second laser probe on the spin?orbit transition. The measured profiles are compared to a kinetic model taken from time-resolved master-equation results based on previously published ab initio characterizations of the relevant stationary points on the potential-energy surface. The ab initio energies are adjusted to produce agreement with the present experimental data and with available literature studies. The isomer specificity of the present results enables refinement of the model for i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7} + O{sub 2} and improved agreement with experimental measurements of HO{sub 2} production in propane oxidation.

  11. Noise behavior of a 180-nm CMOS SOI technology for detector front-end electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Re, Valerio; Gaioni, Luigi; Manghisoni, Massimo; Ratti, Lodovico; Speziali, Valeria; Traversi, Gianluca; Yarema, Ray; /Fermilab

    2008-01-01

    This paper is motivated by the growing interest of the detector and readout electronics community towards silicon-on-insulator CMOS processes. Advanced SOI MOSFETs feature peculiar electrical characteristics impacting their performance with respect to bulk CMOS devices. Here we mainly focus on the study of these effects on the noise parameters of the transistors, using experimental data relevant to 180 nm fully depleted SOI devices as a reference. The comparison in terms of white and 1/f noise components with bulk MOSFETs with the same minimum feature size gives a basis of estimate for the signal-to-noise ratio achievable in detector front-end integrated circuits designed in an SOI technology.

  12. Time and spectrum-resolving multiphoton correlator for 300900 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnsen, Kelsey D.; Thibault, Marilyne; Jennewein, Thomas; Kolenderski, Piotr; Scarcella, Carmelo; Tosi, Alberto

    2014-10-14

    We demonstrate a single-photon sensitive spectrometer in the visible range, which allows us to perform time-resolved and multi-photon spectral correlation measurements at room temperature. It is based on a monochromator composed of two gratings, collimation optics, and an array of single photon avalanche diodes. The time resolution can reach 110 ps and the spectral resolution is 2 nm/pixel, limited by the design of the monochromator. This technique can easily be combined with commercial monochromators and can be useful for joint spectrum measurements of two photons emitted in the process of parametric down conversion, as well as time-resolved spectrum measurements in optical coherence tomography or medical physics applications.

  13. 1.5 nm fabrication of test patterns for characterization of metrological systems

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Babin, Sergey; Calafiore, Giuseppe; Peroz, Christophe; Conley, Raymond; Bouet, Nathalie; Cabrini, Stefano; Chan, Elaine; Lacey, Ian; McKinney, Wayne R.; Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; et al

    2015-11-06

    Any metrology tool is only as good as it is calibrated. The characterization of metrology systems requires test patterns at a scale about ten times smaller than the measured features. The fabrication of patterns with linewidths down to 1.5 nm is described. The test sample was designed in such a way that the distribution of linewidths appears to be random at any location. This pseudorandom test pattern is used to characterize dimensional metrology equipment over its entire dynamic range by extracting the modulation transfer function of the system. The test pattern contains alternating lines of silicon and tungsten silicide, eachmore » according to its designed width. As a result, the fabricated test samples were imaged using a transmission electron microscope, a scanning electron microscope, and an atomic force microscope. (C) 2015 American Vacuum Society.« less

  14. 1.5 nm fabrication of test patterns for characterization of metrological systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babin, Sergey; Calafiore, Giuseppe; Peroz, Christophe; Conley, Raymond; Bouet, Nathalie; Cabrini, Stefano; Chan, Elaine; Lacey, Ian; McKinney, Wayne R.; Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Vladar, Andras E.

    2015-11-06

    Any metrology tool is only as good as it is calibrated. The characterization of metrology systems requires test patterns at a scale about ten times smaller than the measured features. The fabrication of patterns with linewidths down to 1.5 nm is described. The test sample was designed in such a way that the distribution of linewidths appears to be random at any location. This pseudorandom test pattern is used to characterize dimensional metrology equipment over its entire dynamic range by extracting the modulation transfer function of the system. The test pattern contains alternating lines of silicon and tungsten silicide, each according to its designed width. As a result, the fabricated test samples were imaged using a transmission electron microscope, a scanning electron microscope, and an atomic force microscope. (C) 2015 American Vacuum Society.

  15. Ion generation and CPC detection efficiency studies in sub 3-nm size range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kangasluoma, J.; Junninen, H.; Sipilae, M.; Kulmala, M.; Petaejae, T.; Lehtipalo, K.; Mikkilae, J.; Vanhanen, J.; Attoui, M.; Worsnop, D.

    2013-05-24

    We studied the chemical composition of commonly used condensation particle counter calibration ions with a mass spectrometer and found that in our calibration setup the negatively charged ammonium sulphate, sodium chloride and tungsten oxide are the least contaminated whereas silver on both positive and negative and the three mentioned earlier in positive mode are contaminated with organics. We report cut-off diameters for Airmodus Particle Size Magnifier (PSM) 1.1, 1.3, 1.4, 1.6 and 1.6-1.8 nm for negative sodium chloride, ammonium sulphate, tungsten oxide, silver and positive organics, respectively. To study the effect of sample relative humidity on detection efficiency of the PSM we used different humidities in the differential mobility analyzer sheath flow and found that with increasing relative humidity also the detection efficiency of the PSM increases.

  16. Wavelength and Intensity Dependence of Short Pulse Laser Xenon Double Ionization between 500 and 2300 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gingras, G.; Tripathi, A.; Witzel, B.

    2009-10-23

    The wavelength and intensity dependence of xenon ionization with 50 fs laser pulses has been studied using time-of-flight mass spectrometry. We compare the ion yield distribution of singly and doubly charged xenon with the Perelomov-Popov-Terent'ev (PPT) theory, Perelomov, Popov, and Terent'ev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 50, 1393 (1966) [Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 924 (1966)], in the regime between 500 and 2300 nm. The intensity dependence for each wavelength is measured in a range between 1x10{sup 13} and 1x10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2}. The Xe{sup +}-ion signal is in good agreement with the PPT theory at all used wavelengths. In addition we demonstrate that ionic 5s5p{sup 6} {sup 2}S state is excited by an electron impact excitation process and contributes to the nonsequential double ionization process.

  17. High power terahertz generation using 1550 nm plasmonic photomixers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, Christopher W.; Hashemi, Mohammad R.; Jarrahi, Mona; Preu, Sascha; Lu, Hong; Gossard, Arthur C.

    2014-07-07

    We present a 1550 nm plasmonic photomixer operating under pumping duty cycles below 10%, which offers significantly higher terahertz radiation power levels compared to previously demonstrated photomixers. The record-high terahertz radiation powers are enabled by enhancing the device quantum efficiency through use of plasmonic contact electrodes, and by mitigating thermal breakdown at high optical pump power levels through use of a low duty cycle optical pump. The repetition rate of the optical pump can be specifically selected at a given pump duty cycle to control the spectral linewidth of the generated terahertz radiation. At an average optical pump power of 150 mW with a pump modulation frequency of 1 MHz and pump duty cycle of 2%, we demonstrate up to 0.8 mW radiation power at 1 THz, within each continuous wave radiation cycle.

  18. Final report on LDRD project : single-photon-sensitive imaging detector arrays at 1600 nm.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, Kenton David; Serkland, Darwin Keith; Geib, Kent Martin; Hawkins, Samuel D.; Carroll, Malcolm S.; Klem, John Frederick; Sheng, Josephine Juin-Jye; Patel, Rupal K.; Bolles, Desta; Bauer, Tom M.; Koudelka, Robert

    2006-11-01

    The key need that this project has addressed is a short-wave infrared light detector for ranging (LIDAR) imaging at temperatures greater than 100K, as desired by nonproliferation and work for other customers. Several novel device structures to improve avalanche photodiodes (APDs) were fabricated to achieve the desired APD performance. A primary challenge to achieving high sensitivity APDs at 1550 nm is that the small band-gap materials (e.g., InGaAs or Ge) necessary to detect low-energy photons exhibit higher dark counts and higher multiplication noise compared to materials like silicon. To overcome these historical problems APDs were designed and fabricated using separate absorption and multiplication (SAM) regions. The absorption regions used (InGaAs or Ge) to leverage these materials 1550 nm sensitivity. Geiger mode detection was chosen to circumvent gain noise issues in the III-V and Ge multiplication regions, while a novel Ge/Si device was built to examine the utility of transferring photoelectrons in a silicon multiplication region. Silicon is known to have very good analog and GM multiplication properties. The proposed devices represented a high-risk for high-reward approach. Therefore one primary goal of this work was to experimentally resolve uncertainty about the novel APD structures. This work specifically examined three different designs. An InGaAs/InAlAs Geiger mode (GM) structure was proposed for the superior multiplication properties of the InAlAs. The hypothesis to be tested in this structure was whether InAlAs really presented an advantage in GM. A Ge/Si SAM was proposed representing the best possible multiplication material (i.e., silicon), however, significant uncertainty existed about both the Ge material quality and the ability to transfer photoelectrons across the Ge/Si interface. Finally a third pure germanium GM structure was proposed because bulk germanium has been reported to have better dark count properties. However, significant

  19. Structural distortions in 5-10 nm silver nanoparticles under high pressure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koski, Kristie J.; Kamp, Noelle M.; Kunz, Martin; Knight, Jason K.; Alivisatos, A.P.; Smith, R.K.

    2008-10-13

    We present experimental evidence that silver nanoparticles in the size range of 5-10 nm undergo a reversible structural transformation under hydrostatic pressures up to 10 GPa. We have used x-ray diffraction with a synchrotron light source to investigate pressure-dependent and size-dependent trends in the crystal structure of silver nanoparticles in a hydrostatic medium compressed in a diamond-anvil cell. Results suggest a reversible linear pressure-dependent rhombohedral distortion which has not been previously observed in bulk silver. We propose a mechanism for this transition that considers the bond-length distribution in idealized multiply twinned icosahedral particles. To further support this hypothesis, we also show that similar measurements of single-crystal platinum nanoparticles reveal no such distortions.

  20. Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550 nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenberg, Danna; Peterson, Charles G; Dallmann, Nicholas; Hughes, Richard J; Mccabe, Kevin P; Nordholt, Jane E; Tyagi, Hush T; Peters, Nicholas A; Toliver, Paul; Chapman, Thomas E; Runser, Robert J; Mcnown, Scott R

    2008-01-01

    To move beyond dedicated links and networks, quantum communications signals must be integrated into networks carrying classical optical channels at power levels many orders of magnitude higher than the quantum signals themselves. We demonstrate transmission of a 1550-nm quantum channel with up to two simultaneous 200-GHz spaced classical telecom channels, using ROADM (reconfigurable optical <1dd drop multiplexer) technology for multiplexing and routing quantum and classical signals. The quantum channel is used to perform quantum key distribution (QKD) in the presence of noise generated as a by-product of the co-propagation of classical channels. We demonstrate that the dominant noise mechanism can arise from either four-wave mixing or spontaneous Raman scattering, depending on the optical path characteristics as well <1S the classical channel parameters. We quantity these impairments and discuss mitigation strategies.

  1. Sub-50 nm metrology on extreme ultra violet chemically amplified resist—A systematic assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maas, D. J. Herfst, R.; Veldhoven, E. van; Fliervoet, T.; Meessen, J.; Vaenkatesan, V.; Sadeghian, H.

    2015-10-15

    With lithographic patterning dimensions decreasing well below 50 nm, it is of high importance to understand metrology at such small scales. This paper presents results obtained from dense arrays of contact holes (CHs) with various Critical Dimension (CD) between 15 and 50 nm, as patterned in a chemically amplified resist using an ASML EUV scanner and measured at ASML and TNO. To determine the differences between various (local) CD metrology techniques, we conducted an experiment using optical scatterometry, CD-Scanning Electron Microscopy (CD-SEM), Helium ion Microscopy (HIM), and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). CD-SEM requires advanced beam scan strategies to mitigate sample charging; the other tools did not need that. We discuss the observed main similarities and differences between the various techniques. To this end, we assessed the spatial frequency content in the raw images for SEM, HIM, and AFM. HIM and AFM resolve the highest spatial frequencies, which are attributed to the more localized probe-sample interaction for these techniques. Furthermore, the SEM, HIM, and AFM waveforms are analyzed in detail. All techniques show good mutual correlation, albeit the reported CD values systematically differ significantly. HIM systematically reports a 25% higher CD uniformity number than CD-SEM for the same arrays of CHs, probably because HIM has a higher resolution than the CD-SEM used in this assessment. A significant speed boost for HIM and AFM is required before these techniques are to serve the demanding industrial metrology applications like optical critical dimension and CD-SEM do nowadays.

  2. The photodissociation of oxetane at 193 nm as the reverse of the Paterno-Buchi reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Shih-Huang

    2009-12-14

    We investigated the photodissociation of oxetane (1,3-trimethylene oxide) at 193.3 nm in a molecular-beam apparatus using photofragment-translational spectroscopy and selective photoionization. We measured time-of-flight (TOF) spectra and angular anisotropy parameters {beta}(t) as a function of flight time of products at m/z=26-30 u utilizing photoionization energies from 9.8 to 14.8 eV. The TOF distributions of the products alter greatly with the employed photon energy, whereas their {beta}(t) distributions are insensitive to the photon energy. Dissociation to H{sub 2}CO+C{sub 2}H{sub 4} is the major channel in the title reaction. Three distinct dissociation paths with branching ratios 0.923:0.058:0.019 are responsible for the three features observed in the distribution of kinetic energy released in the channel H{sub 2}CO+C{sub 2}H{sub 4}. The observation of H{sub 2} and H atoms, {approx}1% in branching, indicates that products H{sub 2}CO and C{sub 2}H{sub 4} spontaneously decompose to only a small extent. Most HCO, C{sub 2}H{sub 3}, and C{sub 2}H{sub 2} ions originate from dissociative photoionization of products H{sub 2}CO and C{sub 2}H{sub 4}. Except atomic H and H{sub 2}, the photoproducts have large angular anisotropies, {beta}{>=}-0.8, which reflects rapid dissociation of oxetane following optical excitation at 193.3 nm. The mechanisms of dissociation of oxetane are addressed. Our results confirm the quantum-chemical calculations of Palmer et al. and provide profound insight into the Paterno-Buchi reaction.

  3. EA-1906: Operations, Consolidation, and Upgrades at the Office of Secure Transportation Western Command Site, Albuquerque, NM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This EA evaluates environmental impacts associated with the siting and construction of several proposed buildings, including a new vehicle maintenance facility and mobile equipment maintenance building (and their support structures) at the Western Command Site, Albuquerque, NM.

  4. Multilayer X-ray mirrors for the (4.4-5)-nm carbon-window spectral region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andreev, S. S.; Barysheva, M. M.; Vainer, Yu. A.; Gaikovich, P. K.; Pariev, D. E. Pestov, A. E.; Salashchenko, N. N.; Chkhalo, N. I.

    2013-05-15

    Cr/C-based multilayer X-ray mirrors intended for the reflection of X-ray radiation in the 'carbon-window' spectral region ({lambda} = 4.4-5 nm) are fabricated and studied. The structures are formed by magnetron sputtering at different deposition parameters. Under normal incidence, record reflection coefficients up to 15% are reached. The structural parameters of the mirrors are investigated by reflectometry at wavelengths of 0.154 and 4.47 nm.

  5. shaleusa5.pdf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... NY PA NJ OH DC DE WV MD KY VA NC TN SC MI CANADA 2 0 0 1 0 0 Marcellus Shale Gas Play, Appalachian Basin Source: US Energy Information Administration based on data from WVGES , PA ...

  6. Stress-induced piezoelectric field in GaN-based 450-nm light-emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tawfik, Wael Z.; Hyeon, Gil Yong; Lee, June Key

    2014-10-28

    We investigated the influence of the built-in piezoelectric field induced by compressive stress on the characteristics of GaN-based 450-nm light-emitting diodes (LEDs) prepared on sapphire substrates of different thicknesses. As the sapphire substrate thickness was reduced, the compressive stress in the GaN layer was released, resulting in wafer bowing. The wafer bowing-induced mechanical stress altered the piezoelectric field, which in turn reduced the quantum confined Stark effect in the InGaN/GaN active region of the LED. The flat-band voltage was estimated by measuring the applied bias voltage that induced a 180° phase shift in the electro-reflectance (ER) spectrum. The piezoelectric field estimated by the ER spectra changed by ∼110 kV/cm. The electroluminescence spectral peak wavelength was blue-shifted, and the internal quantum efficiency was improved by about 22% at a high injection current of 100 mA. The LED on the 60-μm-thick sapphire substrate exhibited the highest light output power of ∼59 mW at an injection current of 100 mA, with the operating voltage unchanged.

  7. Multiplexed Oversampling Digitizer in 65 nm CMOS for Column-Parallel CCD Readout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grace, Carl; Walder, Jean-Pierre; von der Lippe, Henrik

    2012-04-10

    A digitizer designed to read out column-parallel charge-coupled devices (CCDs) used for high-speed X-ray imaging is presented. The digitizer is included as part of the High-Speed Image Preprocessor with Oversampling (HIPPO) integrated circuit. The digitizer module comprises a multiplexed, oversampling, 12-bit, 80 MS/s pipelined Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) and a bank of four fast-settling sample-and-hold amplifiers to instrument four analog channels. The ADC multiplexes and oversamples to reduce its area to allow integration that is pitch-matched to the columns of the CCD. Novel design techniques are used to enable oversampling and multiplexing with a reduced power penalty. The ADC exhibits 188 ?V-rms noise which is less than 1 LSB at a 12-bit level. The prototype is implemented in a commercially available 65 nm CMOS process. The digitizer will lead to a proof-of-principle 2D 10 Gigapixel/s X-ray detector.

  8. Optical emission from a small scale model electric arc furnace in 250-600 nm region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maekinen, A.; Tikkala, H.; Aksela, H.; Niskanen, J.

    2013-04-15

    Optical emission spectroscopy has been for long proposed for monitoring and studying industrial steel making processes. Whereas the radiative decay of thermal excitations is always taking place in high temperatures needed in steel production, one of the most promising environment for such studies are electric arc furnaces, creating plasma in excited electronic states that relax with intense characteristic emission in the optical regime. Unfortunately, large industrial scale electric arc furnaces also present a challenging environment for optical emission studies and application of the method is not straightforward. To study the usability of optical emission spectroscopy in real electric arc furnaces, we have developed a laboratory scale DC electric arc furnace presented in this paper. With the setup, optical emission spectra of Fe, Cr, Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Ni, SiO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, CaO, and MgO were recorded in the wavelength range 250-600 nm and the results were analyzed with the help of reference data. The work demonstrates that using characteristic optical emission, obtaining in situ chemical information from oscillating plasma of electric arc furnaces is indeed possible. In spite of complications, the method could possibly be applied to industrial scale steel making process in order to improve its efficiency.

  9. Nonlinear optical properties of bulk cuprous oxide using single beam Z-scan at 790?nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serna, J.; Rueda, E.; Garca, H.

    2014-11-10

    The two-photon absorption (TPA) coefficient ? and the nonlinear index of refraction n{sub 2} for bulk cuprous oxide (Cu{sub 2}O) direct gap semiconductor single crystal have been measured by using a balance-detection Z-scan single beam technique, with an excellent signal to noise ratio. Both coefficients were measured at 790?nm using a 65 fs laser pulse at a repetition rate of 90.9?MHz, generated by a Ti:Sapphire laser oscillator. The experimental values for ? were explained by using a model that includes allowed-allowed, forbidden-allowed, and forbidden-forbidden transitions. It was found that the forbidden-forbidden transition is the dominant mechanism, which is consistent with the band structure of Cu{sub 2}O. The low value for ? found in bulk, as compared with respect to thin film, is explained in terms of the structural change in thin films that result in opposite parities of the conduction and valence band. The n{sub 2} is also theoretically calculated by using the TPA dispersion curve and the Kramers-Kronig relations for nonlinear optics.

  10. Detonation wave profiles measured in plastic bonded explosives using 1550 nm photon doppler velocimetry (PDV)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavsen, Richard L; Bartram, Brian D; Sanchez, Nathaniel J

    2009-01-01

    We present detonation wave profiles measured in two TATB based explosives and two HMX based explosives. Profiles were measured at the interface of the explosive and a Lithium-Fluoride (LiF) window using 1550 nm Photon Doppler Velocimetry (PDV). Planar detonations were produced by impacting the explosive with a projectile launched in a gas-gun. The impact state was varied to produce varied distance to detonation, and therefore varied support of the Taylor wave following the Chapman-Jouget (CJ) or sonic state. Profiles from experiments with different support should be the same between the Von-Neumann (VN) spike and CJ state and different thereafter. Comparison of profiles with differing support, therefore, allows us to estimate reaction zone lengths. For the TATB based explosive, a reaction zone length of {approx} 3.9 mm, 500 ns was measured in EDC-35, and a reaction zone length of {approx} 6.3 mm, 800 ns was measured in PBX 9502 pre-cooled to -55 C. The respective VN spike state was 2.25 {+-} 0.05 km/s in EDC-35 and 2.4 {+-} 0.1 km/s in the cooled PBX 9502. We do not believe we have resolved either the VN spike state (> 2.6 km/s) nor the reaction zone length (<< 50 ns) in the HMX based explosives.

  11. Spectral irradiance model for tungsten halogen lamps in 340-850 nm wavelength range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ojanen, Maija; Kaerhae, Petri; Ikonen, Erkki

    2010-02-10

    We have developed a physical model for the spectral irradiance of 1 kW tungsten halogen incandescent lamps for the wavelength range 340-850 nm. The model consists of the Planck's radiation law, published values for the emissivity of tungsten, and a residual spectral correction function taking into account unknown factors of the lamp. The correction function was determined by measuring the spectra of a 1000 W, quartz-halogen, tungsten coiled filament (FEL) lamp at different temperatures. The new model was tested with lamps of types FEL and 1000 W, 120 V quartz halogen (DXW). Comparisons with measurements of two national standards laboratories indicate that the model can account for the spectral irradiance values of lamps with an agreement better than 1% throughout the spectral region studied. We further demonstrate that the spectral irradiance of a lamp can be predicted with an expanded uncertainty of 2.6% if the color temperature and illuminance values for the lamp are known with expanded uncertainties of 20 K and 2%, respectively. In addition, it is suggested that the spectral irradiance may be derived from resistance measurements of the filament with lamp on and off.

  12. NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung; Naomi Davidson; Ajeet Kumar Reddy; Mingzhen Wei

    2003-04-01

    The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information, (2) a web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries, (3) a fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water, and (4) a corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project has been focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collection of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 4000 entries for southeast New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the

  13. NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung

    2003-09-24

    The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) Databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information. (2) A web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries. (3) A fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water. (4) A corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project was focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collecting of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 7000 entries for New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the accuracy and speed

  14. Development of process parameters for 22 nm PMOS using 2-D analytical modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maheran, A. H. Afifah; Menon, P. S.; Shaari, S.; Ahmad, I.; Faizah, Z. A. Noor

    2015-04-24

    The complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistor (CMOSFET) has become major challenge to scaling and integration. Innovation in transistor structures and integration of novel materials are necessary to sustain this performance trend. CMOS variability in the scaling technology becoming very important concern due to limitation of process control; over statistically variability related to the fundamental discreteness and materials. Minimizing the transistor variation through technology optimization and ensuring robust product functionality and performance is the major issue.In this article, the continuation study on process parameters variations is extended and delivered thoroughly in order to achieve a minimum leakage current (I{sub LEAK}) on PMOS planar transistor at 22?nm gate length. Several device parameters are varies significantly using Taguchi method to predict the optimum combination of process parameters fabrication. A combination of high permittivity material (high-k) and metal gate are utilized accordingly as gate structure where the materials include titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) and tungsten silicide (WSi{sub x}). Then the L9 of the Taguchi Orthogonal array is used to analyze the device simulation where the results of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of Smaller-the-Better (STB) scheme are studied through the percentage influences of the process parameters. This is to achieve a minimum I{sub LEAK} where the maximum predicted I{sub LEAK} value by International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) 2011 is said to should not above 100 nA/m. Final results shows that the compensation implantation dose acts as the dominant factor with 68.49% contribution in lowering the devices leakage current. The absolute process parameters combination results in I{sub LEAK} mean value of 3.96821 nA/m where is far lower than the predicted value.

  15. Use of a dynamic simulation model to understand nitrogen cycling in the middle Rio Grande, NM.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meixner, Tom; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Oelsner, Gretchen; Brooks, Paul; Roach, Jesse D.

    2008-08-01

    Water quality often limits the potential uses of scarce water resources in semiarid and arid regions. To best manage water quality one must understand the sources and sinks of both solutes and water to the river system. Nutrient concentration patterns can identify source and sink locations, but cannot always determine biotic processes that affect nutrient concentrations. Modeling tools can provide insight into these large-scale processes. To address questions about large-scale nitrogen removal in the Middle Rio Grande, NM, we created a system dynamics nitrate model using an existing integrated surface water--groundwater model of the region to evaluate our conceptual models of uptake and denitrification as potential nitrate removal mechanisms. We modeled denitrification in groundwater as a first-order process dependent only on concentration and used a 5% denitrification rate. Uptake was assumed to be proportional to transpiration and was modeled as a percentage of the evapotranspiration calculated within the model multiplied by the nitrate concentration in the water being transpired. We modeled riparian uptake as 90% and agricultural uptake as 50% of the respective evapotranspiration rates. Using these removal rates, our model results suggest that riparian uptake, agricultural uptake and denitrification in groundwater are all needed to produce the observed nitrate concentrations in the groundwater, conveyance channels, and river as well as the seasonal concentration patterns. The model results indicate that a total of 497 metric tons of nitrate-N are removed from the Middle Rio Grande annually. Where river nitrate concentrations are low and there are no large nitrate sources, nitrate behaves nearly conservatively and riparian and agricultural uptake are the most important removal mechanisms. Downstream of a large wastewater nitrate source, denitrification and agricultural uptake were responsible for approximately 90% of the nitrogen removal.

  16. Understanding the anomalous dispersion of doubly-ionized carbon plasmas near 47 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nilsen, J; Castor, J I; Iglesias, C A; Cheng, K T; Dunn, J; Johnson, W R; Filevich, J; Purvis, M A; Grava, J; Rocca, J J

    2008-04-15

    Over the last several years we have predicted and observed plasmas with an index of refraction greater than one in the soft X-ray regime. These plasmas are usually a few times ionized and have ranged from low-Z carbon plasmas to mid-Z tin plasmas. Our main calculational tool has been the average atom code. We have recently observed C{sup 2+} plasmas with an index of refraction greater than one at a wavelength of 46.9 nm (26.44 eV). In this paper we compare the average atom method, AVATOMKG, against two more detailed methods, OPAL and CAK, for calculating the index of refraction for the carbon plasmas and discuss the different approximations used. We present experimental measurements of carbon plasmas that display this anomalous dispersion phenomenon. It is shown that the average atom calculation is a good approximation when the strongest lines dominate the dispersion. However, when weaker lines make a significant contribution, the more detailed calculations such as OPAL and CAK are essential. During the next decade X-ray free electron lasers and other X-ray sources will be available to probe a wider variety of plasmas at higher densities and shorter wavelengths so understanding the index of refraction in plasmas will be even more essential. With the advent of tunable X-ray lasers the frequency dependent interferometer measurements of the index of refraction may enable us to determine the absorption coefficients and line-shapes and make detailed comparisons against our atomic physics codes.

  17. Direct Probes of 4 nm Diameter Gold Nanoparticles Interacting with Supported Lipid Bylayers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troiano, Julianne; Olenick, Laura L.; Kuech, Thomas R.; Melby, Eric S.; Hu, Dehong; Lohse, Samuel E.; Mensch, Arielle C.; Dogangun, Merve; Vartanian, Arlane M.; Torelli, Marco; Ehimiaghe, Eseohi; Walter, Stephanie R.; Fu, Li; Anderton, Christopher R.; Zhu, Zihua; Wang, Hongfei; Orr, Galya; Murphy, Catherine; Hamers, Robert J.; Pedersen, Joel A.; Geiger, Franz M.

    2015-01-08

    Interfacial charge densities and potentials are determined for silica-supported phospholipid bilayers formed from lipids having zwitterionic, negatively charged, and positively charged headgroups. Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D), fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP), and atomic force microscopy demonstrate the presence of well-formed supported lipid bilayers, which, as probed by vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG), undergo negligible structural changes along their alkyl chains when NaCl concentration is raised from 0.001 to 0.1 M. From second harmonic generation (SHG) measurements we estimate that each zwitterionic headgroup of the bilayer formed from pure DOPC is associated with an apparent charge of -0.028(+0.008/-0.007)×10-¹⁹C, corresponding to 1.8 ± 0.5 % of an elementary negative charge. Moreover, we show that a supported lipid bilayer carrying an apparent negative interfacial potential may interact with not just positively charged 4-nm diameter gold nanoparticles but also negatively charged gold nanoparticles. In this latter case, charge-charge repulsion does not appear to inhibit particle-bilayer interactions and is likely overcome by multivalent interactions that are estimated to involve 3-5 hydrogen-bond equivalents. FRAP, QCM-D, and SFG measurements indicate that the bilayers remain intact under the conditions of the experiments. SHG charge screening experiments are consistent with an apparent zero net charge density associated with the positively charged gold nanoparticles when they are attached to a supported lipid bilayer carrying an apparent negative potential. The results presented here serve to benchmark experimental and computational studies of the nano-bio interface.

  18. Remediation of a Classified Waste Landfill at Sandia National Laboratories, NM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, D.C.

    1998-10-20

    The Sandia National Laboratory es/New Mexico (SNLiNM) Environmental Restoration Project is currently excavating the Classified Waste Landfill in Technical Area II (TA-H), which consists of disposal pits and trenches with discrete disposal cells. TA-11 is a secure, controlled assess, research facility managed by SNIJNM for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The 45-acre facility was established in 1948 for the assembly and maintenance of nuclear weapons. The assembly of weapons was discontinued in 1954. Since that time, TA-11 has been used primarily for explosive research and testing. Beginning is 1984, the DOE Er,vironmental Restoration Program conducted several environmental investigations across TA-11 and SNMNM. These investigations identified sites requiring firther study and possible corrective action. The majority of these sites were grouped into operable units (OUS). The TA-11 OU included 13 sites, one of which is identified as the Classified Waste Landfill (CWLF). The CWLF covers about 2.5 acres and was operated from approximately 1947 through 1987. It was the site for disposal of classified weapon components, s ome of which are potentially explosive, hazardous, ardor radioactively contarninatod. Until about 1958, no records were maintained for material disposed of in the CWLF. Information on the CWLF has been assembled horn interview notes, delivery to reckmation records and other sources. Items disposed of included security containers, hoppers, skids, missiles, wooden boxes, deactivated heat sources, tntium boosters, scintillation cocktails, weapons cases, shells, lasers, radar equipment and accountable mata-ials. Potential contaminants include tritium, thorium, cesium-137, strontium-90, uraniun, plutonium, beryllium, cadmium, lithium, chloroform, toluene, benzene ad other solvents.

  19. Charge transfer fluorescence and 34 nm exciton diffusion length in polymers with electron acceptor end traps

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zaikowski, Lori; Mauro, Gina; Bird, Matthew; Karten, Brianne; Asaoka, Sadayuki; Wu, Qin; Cook, Andrew R.; Miller, John R.

    2014-12-22

    Photoexcitation of conjugated poly-2,7-(9,9-dihexylfluorene) polyfluorenes with naphthylimide (NI) and anthraquinone (AQ) electron-acceptor end traps produces excitons that form charge transfer states at the end traps. Intramolecular singlet exciton transport to end traps was examined by steady state fluorescence for polyfluorenes of 17 to 127 repeat units in chloroform, dimethylformamide (DMF), tetrahydrofuran (THF), and p-xylene. End traps capture excitons and form charge transfer (CT) states at all polymer lengths and in all solvents. The CT nature of the end-trapped states is confirmed by their fluorescence spectra, solvent and trap group dependence and DFT descriptions. Quantum yields of CT fluorescence are asmore » large as 46%. This strong CT emission is understood in terms of intensity borrowing. Energies of the CT states from onsets of the fluorescence spectra give the depths of the traps which vary with solvent polarity. For NI end traps the trap depths are 0.06 (p-xylene), 0.13 (THF) and 0.19 eV (CHCl3). For AQ, CT fluorescence could be observed only in p-xylene where the trap depth is 0.27 eV. Quantum yields, emission energies, charge transfer energies, solvent reorganization and vibrational energies were calculated. Fluorescence measurements on chains >100 repeat units indicate that end traps capture ~50% of the excitons, and that the exciton diffusion length LD =34 nm, which is much larger than diffusion lengths reported in polymer films or than previously known for diffusion along isolated chains. As a result, the efficiency of exciton capture depends on chain length, but not on trap depth, solvent polarity or which trap group is present.« less

  20. Charge Transfer Fluorescence and 34 nm Exciton Diffusion Length in Polymers with Electron Acceptor End Traps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaikowski, L.; Mauro, G.; Bird, M.; Karten, B.; Asaoka, S.; Wu, Q.; Cook, A. R.; Miller, J.

    2014-12-22

    Photoexcitation of conjugated poly-2,7-(9,9-dihexylfluorene) polyfluorenes with naphthylimide (NI) and anthraquinone (AQ) electron-acceptor end traps produces excitons that form charge transfer states at the end traps. Intramolecular singlet exciton transport to end traps was examined by steady state fluorescence for polyfluorenes of 17 to 127 repeat units in chloroform, dimethylformamide (DMF), tetrahydrofuran (THF), and p-xylene. End traps capture excitons and form charge transfer (CT) states at all polymer lengths and in all solvents. The CT nature of the end-trapped states is confirmed by their fluorescence spectra, solvent and trap group dependence and DFT descriptions. Quantum yields of CT fluorescence are as large as 46%. This strong CT emission is understood in terms of intensity borrowing. Energies of the CT states from onsets of the fluorescence spectra give the depths of the traps which vary with solvent polarity. For NI end traps the trap depths are 0.06 (p-xylene), 0.13 (THF) and 0.19 eV (CHCl3). For AQ, CT fluorescence could be observed only in p-xylene where the trap depth is 0.27 eV. Quantum yields, emission energies, charge transfer energies, solvent reorganization and vibrational energies were calculated. Fluorescence measurements on chains >100 repeat units indicate that end traps capture ~50% of the excitons, and that the exciton diffusion length LD =34 nm, which is much larger than diffusion lengths reported in polymer films or than previously known for diffusion along isolated chains. The efficiency of exciton capture depends on chain length, but not on trap depth, solvent polarity or which trap group is present.

  1. Broadband superluminescent diodes with bell-shaped spectra emitting in the range from 800 to 900 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andreeva, E V; Il'ichenko, S N; Kostin, Yu O; Lapin, P I; Ladugin, M A; Marmalyuk, A A; Yakubovich, S D

    2013-08-31

    Quantum-well superluminescent diodes (SLD) with extremely thin active (AlGa)As and (InGa)As layers and centre wavelengths about 810, 840, 860 and 880 nm are experimentally studied. Their emission spectrum possesses the shape close to Gaussian, its FWHM being 30 – 60 nm depending on the length of the active channel and the level of pumping. Under cw injection, the output power of light-emitting modules based on such SLDs can amount to 1.0 – 25 mW at the output of a single-mode fibre. It is demonstrated that the operation lifetime of these devices exceeds 30000 hours. Based on the light-emitting modules the prototypes of combined BroadLighter series light sources are implemented having a bell-shaped spectrum with the width up to 100 nm. (optical radiation sources)

  2. Effects of solar ultraviolet photons on mammalian cell DNA. [UVA (320-400 nm):a2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peak, M.J.; Peak, J.G.

    1991-01-01

    This document presents information on the possible mechanisms of carcinogenesis caused by UVA (ultraviolet radiation in the 320--400 nm region). Most studies showing the carcinogenic effects of ultraviolet light have concentrated on UVB (280--320 nm). UVA had been considered harmless even though it penetrates biological tissues better than UVB. Recently, it has become apparent that UVA is also capable of causing damage to cellular DNA. This was unexpected because the DNA UV absorption spectrum indicates a negligible probability that photons of wavelengths longer than 320 nm will be directly absorbed. The most common defects induced in DNA by UVB are pyrimidine photoproducts, such as thymidine dimers. UVA photons produce defects resembling those caused by ionizing radiations: single- and double-strand breaks, and DNA-protein crosslinks. This paper also discusses the role of DNA repair mechanisms in UVA-induced defects and the molecular mechanisms of UVA damage induction. 38 refs. (MHB)

  3. Modification of laminar flow ultrafine condensation particle counters for the enhanced detection of 1 nm condensation nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuang, C.; Chen, M.; McMurry, P. H.; Wang, J.

    2011-10-01

    This paper describes simple modifications to thermally diffusive laminar flow ultrafine condensation particle counters (UCPCs) that allow detection of {approx}1 nm condensation nuclei with much higher efficiencies than have been previously reported. These nondestructive modifications were applied to a commercial butanol based UCPC (TSI 3025A) and to a diethylene glycol-based UCPC (UMN DEG-UCPC). Size and charge dependent detection efficiencies using the modified UCPCs (BNL 3025A and BNL DEGUCPC) were measured with high resolution mobility classified aerosols composed of NaCl, W, molecular ion standards of tetraalkyl ammonium bromide, and neutralizer-generated ions. With negatively charged NaCl aerosol, the BNL 3025A and BNL DEGUCPC achieved detection efficiencies of 37% (90x increase over TSI 3025A) at 1.68 nm mobility diameter (1.39 nm geometric diameter) and 23% (8x increase over UMN DEG-UCPC) at 1.19 nm mobility diameter (0.89 nm geometric diameter), respectively. Operating conditions for both UCPCs were identified that allowed negatively charged NaCl and W particles, but not negative ions of exactly the same mobility size, to be efficiently detected. This serendipitous material dependence, which is not fundamentally understood, suggests that vapor condensation might sometimes allow for the discrimination between air 'ions' and charged 'particles.' As a detector in a scanning mobility particle spectrometer (SMPS), a UCPC with this strong material dependence would allow for more accurate measurements of sub-2 nm aerosol size distributions due to the reduced interference from neutralizer-generated ions and atmospheric ions, and provide increased sensitivity for the determination of nucleation rates and initial particle growth rates.

  4. Data Analysis from Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Lead Performer: Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Oak Ridge, TN Partners: -- CDH Energy - Cazenovia, NY -- University of Tennessee - Knoxville, TN -- Cedarville Schools - Cedarville, AR (ARRA grantee) -- Flathead Electric Cooperative - Kalispell, MT (ARRA grantee) -- University at Albany - Albany, NY (ARRA grantee) -- City of Raleigh, NC (ARRA grantee) -- Montana Tech (ARRA grantee) -- Oakland University - Rochester, MI (ARRA grantee)

  5. Pulsed-N{sub 2} assisted growth of 5-20 nm thick β-W films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimham, Avyaya J.; Green, Avery; Matyi, Richard J.; Khare, Prasanna; Vo, Tuan; Diebold, Alain; LaBella, Vincent P.

    2015-11-15

    A technique to deposit 5-20 nm thick β-phase W using a 2-second periodic pulse of 1 sccm-N{sub 2} gas on Si(001) and SiN(5 nm)/Si(001) substrates is reported. Resistivity, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray reflectivity were utilized to determine phase, bonding and thickness, respectively. X-ray diffraction patterns were utilized to determine the crystal structure, lattice constant and crystal size using the LeBail method. The flow rate of Nitrogen gas (continuous vs. pulsing) had significant impact upon the crystallinity and formation of β-phase W.

  6. Bose-Einstein condensate in a light-induced vector gauge potential using 1064-nm optical-dipole-trap lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu Zhengkun; Wang Pengjun; Chai Shijie; Huang Lianghui; Zhang Jing

    2011-10-15

    Using two crossed 1064-nm optical-dipole-trap lasers to be the Raman beams, an effective vector gauge potential for Bose-Einstein condensed {sup 87}Rb in the F=2 hyperfine ground state is experimentally created. The moderate strength of the Raman coupling still can be achieved when the detuning from atomic resonance is larger than the excited-state fine structure, since rubidium has 15 nm energy-level spitting. The atoms at the far detuning of the Raman coupling are loaded adiabatically into the dressed states by ramping the homogeneous bias magnetic field with different paths and the dressed states with different energies are studied experimentally. The experimental scheme can be easily extended to produce the synthetic magnetic or electric field by means of a spatial or time dependence of the effective vector potential.

  7. Electrical and chemical properties of XeCl*(308 nm) exciplex lamp created by a dielectric barrier discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baadj, S.; Harrache, Z. Belasri, A.

    2013-12-15

    The aim of this work is to highlight, through numerical modeling, the chemical and the electrical characteristics of xenon chloride mixture in XeCl* (308 nm) excimer lamp created by a dielectric barrier discharge. A temporal model, based on the Xe/Cl{sub 2} mixture chemistry, the circuit and the Boltzmann equations, is constructed. The effects of operating voltage, Cl{sub 2} percentage in the Xe/Cl{sub 2} gas mixture, dielectric capacitance, as well as gas pressure on the 308-nm photon generation, under typical experimental operating conditions, have been investigated and discussed. The importance of charged and excited species, including the major electronic and ionic processes, is also demonstrated. The present calculations show clearly that the model predicts the optimal operating conditions and describes the electrical and chemical properties of the XeCl* exciplex lamp.

  8. Laser diodes with 353 nm wavelength enabled by reduced-dislocation-density AlGaN templates

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Crawford, Mary H.; Allerman, Andrew A.; Armstrong, Andrew M.; Smith, Michael L.; Cross, Karen C.

    2015-10-30

    We fabricated optically pumped and electrically injected ultraviolet (UV) lasers on reduced-threading-dislocation-density (reduced-TDD) AlGaN templates. The overgrowth of sub-micron-wide mesas in the Al0.32Ga0.68N templates enabled a tenfold reduction in TDD, to (2–3) × 108 cm–2. Optical pumping of AlGaN hetero-structures grown on the reduced-TDD templates yielded a low lasing threshold of 34 kW/cm2 at 346 nm. Room-temperature pulsed operation of laser diodes at 353 nm was demonstrated, with a threshold of 22.5 kA/cm2. Furthermore, reduced-TDD templates have been developed across the entire range of AlGaN compositions, presenting a promising approach for extending laser diodes into the deep UV.

  9. Laser diodes with 353 nm wavelength enabled by reduced-dislocation-density AlGaN templates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crawford, Mary H.; Allerman, Andrew A.; Armstrong, Andrew M.; Smith, Michael L.; Cross, Karen C.

    2015-10-30

    We fabricated optically pumped and electrically injected ultraviolet (UV) lasers on reduced-threading-dislocation-density (reduced-TDD) AlGaN templates. The overgrowth of sub-micron-wide mesas in the Al0.32Ga0.68N templates enabled a tenfold reduction in TDD, to (2–3) × 108 cm–2. Optical pumping of AlGaN hetero-structures grown on the reduced-TDD templates yielded a low lasing threshold of 34 kW/cm2 at 346 nm. Room-temperature pulsed operation of laser diodes at 353 nm was demonstrated, with a threshold of 22.5 kA/cm2. Furthermore, reduced-TDD templates have been developed across the entire range of AlGaN compositions, presenting a promising approach for extending laser diodes into the deep UV.

  10. Award for Nuclear Chemistry LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 22, 2016-Los Alamos National Laboratory chemist David

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    scientist honored by ACS for innovative studies August 22, 2016 David L. Clark selected for 2017 Glenn T. Seaborg Award for Nuclear Chemistry LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 22, 2016-Los Alamos National Laboratory chemist David L. Clark has been selected as the 2017 recipient of the Glenn T. Seaborg Award for Nuclear Chemistry, sponsored by the American Chemical Society Division of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology. "Dave is well-known for his breadth of accomplishment in actinide synthesis,

  11. Sub-5 nm Domains in Ordered Poly(cyclohexylethylene)-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) Block Polymers for Lithography.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennemur, Justin; Yao, Li; Bates, Frank Stephen; Hillmyer, Marc

    2014-01-01

    A series of poly(cyclohexylethylene)-block-poly- (methyl methacrylate) (PCHE PMMA) diblock copolymers with varying molar mass (4.9 kg/mol Mn 30.6 kg/mol) and narrow molar mass distribution were synthesized through a combination of anionic and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) techniques. Heterogeneous catalytic hydrogenation of -(hydroxy)polystyrene (PS-OH) yielded -(hydroxy)poly(cyclohexylethylene) (PCHEOH) with little loss of hydroxyl functionality. PCHE-OH was reacted with -bromoisobutyryl bromide (BiBB) to produce an ATRP macroinitiator used for the polymerization of methyl methacrylate. PCHE PMMA is a glassy, thermally stable material with a large effective segment segment interaction parameter, eff = (144.4 6.2)/T (0.162 0.013), determined by meanfield analysis of order-to-disorder transition temperatures (TODT) measured by dynamic mechanical analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. Ordered lamellar domain pitches (9 D 33 nm) were identified by small-angle X-ray scattering from neat BCPs containing 43 52 vol % PCHE ( f PCHE). Atomic force microscopy was used to show 7.5 nm lamellar features (D = 14.8 nm) which are some of the smallest observed to date. The lowest molar mass sample (Mn = 4.9 kg/mol, f PCHE = 0.46) is characterized by TODT = 173 3 C and sub-5 nm nanodomains, which together with the sacrificial properties of PMMA and the high overall thermal stability place this material at the forefront of high- systems for advanced nanopatterning applications.

  12. Role of excited state photoionization in the 852.1 nm Cs laser pumped by Cs-Ar photoassociation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hewitt, J. D.; Houlahan, T. J. Jr.; Eden, J. G.; Gallagher, J. E.; Perram, G. P.; Carroll, D. L.; Palla, A. D.; Verdeyen, J. T.

    2013-03-18

    Photoionization of Cs (6p {sup 2}P{sub 3/2}) atoms during the operation of a Cs D{sub 2} line (852.1 nm: 6p {sup 2}P{sub 3/2}{yields}6s {sup 2}S{sub 1/2}) laser, pumped by free{yields}free transitions of thermal Cs-Ar ground state pairs, has been investigated experimentally and computationally. Photoexcitation of Cs vapor/Ar mixtures through the blue satellite of the D{sub 2} transition (peaking at 836.7 nm) selectively populates the {sup 2}P{sub 3/2} upper laser level by the dissociation of the CsAr excited complex. Comparison of laser output energy data, for instantaneous pump powers up to 3 MW, with the predictions of a numerical model sets an upper bound of 8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -26} cm{sup 4} W{sup -1} on the Cs (6p {sup 2}P{sub 3/2}) two photon ionization cross-section at 836.7 nm which corresponds to a single photon cross-section of 2.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -19} cm{sup 2} for a peak pump intensity of 3 MW cm{sup -2}.

  13. Note: Deep ultraviolet Raman spectrograph with the laser excitation line down to 177.3 nm and its application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Shaoqing; Fan, Fengtao; Guo, Meiling; Zhang, Ying; Feng, Zhaochi E-mail: canli@dicp.ac.cn; Li, Can E-mail: canli@dicp.ac.cn

    2014-04-15

    Deep UV Raman spectrograph with the laser excitation line down to 177.3 nm was developed in this laboratory. An ellipsoidal mirror and a dispersed-subtractive triple monochromator were used to collect and disperse Raman light, respectively. The triple monochromator was arranged in a triangular configuration with only six mirrors used. 177.3 nm laser excited Raman spectrum with cut-off wavenumber down to 200 cm{sup −1} and spectral resolution of 8.0 cm{sup −1} can be obtained under the condition of high purity N{sub 2} purging. With the C–C σ bond in Teflon selectively excited by the 177.3 nm laser, resonance Raman spectrum of Teflon with good quality was recorded on the home-built instrument and the σ-σ{sup *} transition of C–C bond was studied. The result demonstrates that deep UV Raman spectrograph is powerful for studying the systems with electronic transition located in the deep UV region.

  14. Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Haifeng; Huang Zhimeng; Zhang Dayong; Luo Fei; Huang Lixian; Li Yanglong; Luo Yongquan; Wang Weiping; Zhao Xiangjie

    2011-12-01

    Laser-induced-damage characteristics of commercial indium-tin oxide (ITO) films deposited by DC magnetron sputtering deposition on K9 glass substrates as a function of the film thickness have been studied at 1064 nm with a 10 ns laser pulse in the 1-on-1 mode, and the various mechanisms for thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold (LIDT) of the film have been discussed in detail. It is observed that laser-damage-resistance of ITO film shows dramatic thickness effect with the LIDT of the 50-nm ITO film 7.6 times as large as the value of 300 nm film, and the effect of depressed carrier density by decreasing the film thickness is demonstrated to be the primary reason. Our experiment findings indicate that searching transparent conductive oxide (TCO) film with low carrier density and high carrier mobility is an efficient technique to improve the laser-damage-resistance of TCO films based on maintaining their well electric conductivity.

  15. Intense {ital J}=0{endash}1 soft-x-ray lasing at 28.5 nm in neonlike chromium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Praeg, A.R.; Loewenthal, F.; Balmer, J.E.

    1996-11-01

    Intense 3{ital p}-3{ital s}, {ital J}=0{endash}1 soft-x-ray lasing at 28.5 nm in neonlike chromium has been observed experimentally using a compact Nd:glass laser as the driver. 2.4-cm-long polished chromium slab targets were irradiated with up to 100-J/500-ps pulses at the fundamental wavelength of 1.054 {mu}m. The prepulse technique was applied using a defined prepulse 5 ns before the main pulse and with a prepulse-to-main pulse energy ratio of 0.7{percent}. It is demonstrated that a pump energy of {approximately}80 J, corresponding to a pump irradiance of approximately 9 TW/cm{sup 2} is sufficient to observe soft-x-ray lasing at 28.5 nm. At a drive laser energy of {approximately}90 J a gain coefficient of (2.2{plus_minus}0.5) cm{sup {minus}1} was measured. The one-dimensional space-resolved measurements show that the 28.5-nm laser line is emitted from a 60-{mu}m-wide (full width at half maximum) plasma region. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  16. US MidAtl NY Site Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    U.S. average. * Electricity consumption in New York homes is much lower than the U.S. average, because many households use other fuels for major energy end uses like space ...

  17. Microsoft Word - NY.17-16.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Ms. Judith Leithner Project Manager, Buffalo District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Department of the Army 1776 Niagara Street Buffalo, New York 14207-3199 Dear Ms. Leithner: This is in reference to the Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS) Vicinity Properties E', E, and G located in Lewiston, New York. In accordance with the terms of the March 1999 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Department of Energy (DOE)

  18. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    WINTER Table 5j . Winter (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2007 Region FRCC Subregion Country U WINTER Actual Line# DESCRIPTION 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 1 Unrestricted Non-coincident Peak Demand (Starting Point) = 2+1a+1b-1c-1d 41,701 49,601 50,463 51,606 1a New Conservation (Energy Efficiency) - - - 1b Estimated Diversity - - - - 1c Additions for non-member load (load served by non-registered LSE's in a region) - - - - 1d Stand-by Load Under

  19. GE Global Research in Niskayuna, NY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Niskayuna, USA Niskayuna, USA GE Global Research headquarters is the nerve center for innovative work across technologies and collaboration across GE businesses. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Working at GE Global Research Headquarters Visit the Careers page to search and apply for Global Research jobs

  20. Energize NY Finance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Corporation (EIC). The property that is being financed should be current on property tax payments, and must not have any involuntary liens or defaults. Financing...

  1. Microsoft Word - FUSRAP Colonie NY.rtf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    portions of the grounds, and 56 commercial and residential vicinity properties (VPs). ... was assigned to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as a decontamination research and ...

  2. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    349,980 267,227 231,831 241,506 214,671 187,219 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 4.60 5.44 4.99 3.87 5.58 8.54...

  3. Champlain, NY LNG Imports from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    3,986 9,173 8,293 6,766 7,228 4,922 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 5.21 6.02 6.11 4.50 7.22 13.60 1996-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas Volumes 0 63 2013-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices --...

  4. Champlain, NY LNG Imports from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Dry Production (Million Cubic Feet) California--State Offshore Natural Gas Dry Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 5,051 5,952 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Dry Production Feet)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6

  5. Massena, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 472 0 0 2011-2014 Pipeline Prices -- 2.96 -- -- 2011-2014

  6. Acceleration Of Wound Healing Ny Photodynamic Therapy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hasan, Tayyaba; Hamblin, Michael R.; Trauner, Kenneth

    2000-08-22

    Disclosed is a method for accelerating wound healing in a mammal. The method includes identifying an unhealed wound site or partially-healed wound site in a mammal; administering a photosensitizer to the mammal; waiting for a time period wherein the photosensitizer reaches an effective tissue concentration at the wound site; and photoactivating the photosensitizer at the wound site. The dose of photodynamic therapy is selected to stimulate the production of one or more growth factor by cells at the wound site, without causing tissue destruction.

  7. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Via del Cielo, Santa Fe, NM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Via del Cielo Santa Fe, NM DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in to give you

  8. The effect of layout topology on single-event transient pulse quenching in a 65 nm bulk CMOS process.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, D. R.; Ahlbin, Jonathan R.; Gadlage, Matthew J.; Massengill, Lloyd W.; Witulski, A. W.; Reed, R. A.; Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Bhuva, Bharat L.

    2010-07-01

    Heavy-ion microbeam and broadbeam data are presented for a 65 nm bulk CMOS process showing the existence of pulse quenching at normal and angular incidence for designs where the pMOS transistors are in common n-wells or isolated in separate n-wells. Experimental data and simulations show that pulse quenching is more prevalent in the common n-well design than the separate n-well design, leading to significantly reduced SET pulsewidths and SET cross-section in the common n-well design.

  9. Absolute frequency measurement of the 674-nm {sup 88}Sr{sup +} clock transition using a femtosecond optical frequency comb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margolis, H.S.; Huang, G.; Barwood, G.P.; Lea, S.N.; Klein, H.A.; Rowley, W.R.C.; Gill, P.; Windeler, R.S.

    2003-03-01

    The frequency of the 5s {sup 2}S{sub 1/2}-4d {sup 2}D{sub 5/2} electric quadrupole transition at 674 nm in a single, trapped, laser-cooled {sup 88}Sr{sup +} ion has been measured with respect to the Systeme International (SI) second using a femtosecond laser optical frequency comb. The measured frequency of 444 779 044 095.52 kHz, with an estimated standard uncertainty of 0.10 kHz, is more accurate than, and in agreement with, the value previously measured using a conventional frequency chain.

  10. Seedless Polyol Synthesis and CO Oxidation Activity of Monodisperse (111) and (100)-Oriented Rhodium Nanocrystals in Sub-10 nm Sizes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yawen; Grass, Michael E.; Huang, Wenyu; Somorjai, Gabor A.

    2010-03-15

    Monodisperse sub-10 nm (6.5 nm) sized Rh nanocrystals with (111) and (100) surface structures were synthesized by a seedless polyol reduction in ethylene glycol, with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) as a capping ligand. When using [Rh(Ac){sub 2}]{sub 2} as the metal precursor, (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra containing 76% (111)-twined hexagons (in 2D projection) were obtained; whereas, when employing RhCl{sub 3} as the metal precursor in the presence of alkylammonium bromide, such as tetramethylammonium bromide and trimethyl(tetradecyl)ammonium bromide, (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were obtained with 85% selectivity. The {l_brace}100{r_brace} faces of the Rh nanocrystals are stabilized by chemically adsorbed Br{sup -} ions from alkylammonium bromides, which led to (100)-oriented nanocubes. Monolayer films of the (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra and (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were deposited on silicon wafers in a Langmuir-Blodgett trough to make model 2D nanoarray catalysts. These nanocatalysts were active for CO oxidation by O{sub 2}, and the turnover frequency was independent of nanoparticle shape, consistent with that previously observed for Rh(111) and Rh(100) single crystals.

  11. A combined Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror and multilayer lens for sub-10 nm x-ray focusing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruhlandt, A.; Krueger, S. P.; Osterhoff, M.; Giewekemeyer, K.; Salditt, T.; Liese, T.; Radisch, V.; Krebs, H. U.

    2012-03-15

    We have used a combined optical system of a high gain elliptic Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system (KB) and a multilayer Laue lens (MLL) positioned in the focal plane of the KB for hard x-rays nano-focusing. The two-step focusing scheme is based on a high acceptance and high gain elliptical mirror with moderate focal length and a MLL with ultra-short focal length. Importantly, fabrication constraints, i.e. in mirror polishing and bending, as well as MLL deposition can be significantly relaxed, since (a) the mirror focus in the range of 200-500 nm is sufficient, and (b) the number of layers of the MLL can be correspondingly small. First demonstrations of this setup at the coherence beamline of the PETRA III storage ring yield a highly divergent far-field diffraction pattern, from which the autocorrelation function of the near-field intensity distribution was obtained. The results show that the approach is well suited to reach smallest spot sizes in the sub-10nm range at high flux.

  12. ZERH Training: Albuquerque, NM

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home is a high performance home which is so energy efficient, that a renewable energy system can offset all or most of its annual energy Consumption.US DOE Zero Energy...

  13. Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ewsuk, Kevin G.; Arguello, Jr., Jose G.

    2006-01-31

    A method of designing a primary geometry, such as for a forming die, to be used in a powder pressing application by using a combination of axisymmetric geometric shapes, transition radii, and transition spaces to simulate the geometry where the shapes can be selected from a predetermined list or menu of axisymmetric shapes and then developing a finite element mesh to represent the geometry. This mesh, along with material properties of the component to be designed and powder, is input to a standard deformation finite element code to evaluate the deformation characteristics of the component being designed. The user can develop the geometry interactively with a computer interface in minutes and execute a complete analysis of the deformation characteristics of the simulated component geometry.

  14. Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diver, Richard B.

    2010-02-23

    A Theoretical Overlay Photographic (TOP) alignment method uses the overlay of a theoretical projected image of a perfectly aligned concentrator on a photographic image of the concentrator to align the mirror facets of a parabolic trough solar concentrator. The alignment method is practical and straightforward, and inherently aligns the mirror facets to the receiver. When integrated with clinometer measurements for which gravity and mechanical drag effects have been accounted for and which are made in a manner and location consistent with the alignment method, all of the mirrors on a common drive can be aligned and optimized for any concentrator orientation.

  15. Word Pro - Untitled1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    State-Level Energy Consumption Estimates and Estimated Consumption per Capita, 2010 Consumption Consumption per Capita 14 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 TX CA FL LA IL OH PA NY GA IN MI NC VA NJ TN WA KY AL MO MN WI SC OK CO IA MD AZ MA MS KS AR OR NE UT CT WV NM NV AK WY ID ND ME MT SD NH HI DE RI DC VT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 0 2 4 6 8 10

  16. Microsoft Word - figure_14.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    42 Figure 14. Net interstate movements, imports, and exports of natural gas in the United States, 2014 (million cubic feet) Norway Trinidad/ Tobago Yemen Trinidad/ Tobago Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI Other TX IN MA RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC VT MA NH MA WA M T I D O R W Y ND SD C A N V U T CO NE KS A Z NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR M S AL GA T N KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI A K Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada

  17. Microsoft Word - figure_99.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual Figure 6. Natural gas processing in the United States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2014 (million cubic feet) None 1-15,000 15,001-100,000 100,001-200,000 200,001-500,000 500,001 and over Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-64A, "Annual Report of the Origin of Natural Gas Liquids Production." IN OH TN WV VA KY MD PA NY VT NH MA CT ME RI DE DC NC SC GA FL NJ AL MS LA MO AR TX NM OK CO KS UT AZ WY NE IL IA MN

  18. Design concepts of monolithic metamorphic vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for the 1300–1550 nm spectral range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Egorov, A. Yu. Karachinsky, L. Ya.; Novikov, I. I.; Babichev, A. V.; Nevedomskiy, V. N.; Bugrov, V. E.

    2015-11-15

    Possible design concepts for long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for the 1300–1550 nm spectral range on GaAs substrates are suggested. It is shown that a metamorphic GaAs–InGaAs heterostructure with a thin buffer layer providing rapid transition from the lattice constant of GaAs to that of In{sub x}Ga{sub 1–x}As with an indium fraction of x < 0.3 can be formed by molecular-beam epitaxy. Analysis by transmission electron microscopy demonstrated the effective localization of mismatch dislocations in the thin buffer layer and full suppression of their penetration into the overlying InGaAs metamorphic layer.

  19. Metamorphic distributed Bragg reflectors for the 1440–1600 nm spectral range: Epitaxy, formation, and regrowth of mesa structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Egorov, A. Yu. Karachinsky, L. Ya.; Novikov, I. I.; Babichev, A. V.; Berezovskaya, T. N.; Nevedomskiy, V. N.

    2015-10-15

    It is shown that metamorphic In{sub 0.3}Ga{sub 0.7}As/In{sub 0.3}Al{sub 0.7}As distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) with a reflection band at 1440–1600 nm and a reflectance of no less than 0.999 can be fabricated by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on a GaAs substrate. It is demonstrated that mesa structures formed from metamorphic DBRs on a GaAs substrate can be regrown by MBE and microcavities can be locally formed in two separate epitaxial processes. The results obtained can find wide application in the fabrication of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) with a buried tunnel junction.

  20. Subkilohertz absolute-frequency measurement of the 467-nm electric octupole transition in {sup 171}Yb{sup +}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blythe, P.J.; Gill, P.; Webster, S.A.; Margolis, H.S.; Lea, S.N.; Huang, G.; Choi, S.-K.; Rowley, W.R.C.; Windeler, R.S.

    2003-02-01

    The {sup 2}S{sub 1/2}(F=0){yields}{sup 2}F{sub 7/2}(F=3,m{sub F}=0) transition at 467 nm in a single trapped, laser-cooled ion of {sup 171}Yb{sup +} has been measured to be f{sub Yb{sup +}}=642 121 496 771.26(23) kHz using a femtosecond laser frequency comb generator. The measurement is limited by measurement statistics and by the ac Stark shift, both related to the 4.5 kHz linewidth of the probe laser at the time. The systematic shifts of the transition, including ac Stark, second-order Zeeman, quadrupole, and blackbody shifts, have been evaluated.

  1. Ab initio calculations of external-field shifts of the 661-nm quadrupolar clock transition in neutral Ag atoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Topcu, Suat; Nasser, Jamil; Daku, Latevi Max Lawson; Fritzsche, Stephan

    2006-04-15

    Frequency shifts of the Ag I 4d{sup 10}5s {sup 2}S{sub 1/2}(F=0,M{sub F}=0) to 4d{sup 9}5s{sup 2} {sup 2}D{sub 5/2}(F{sup '}=2,M{sub F{sup '}}=0) electric-quadrupole transition at 330.6 nm due to external fields are calculated using multiconfigurational self-consistent field methods. As this forbidden transition is free from first order Doppler and Zeeman effects, it is under investigation for the realization of an atomic optical clock. The calculated perturbations are the light shift, the blackbody frequency shift, and the quadratic Zeeman shift. Results show that a total uncertainty of 10{sup -18} could be reach without confining the atoms in a Lamb-Dicke regime in an optical lattice.

  2. Frequency stabilization of a 1083 nm fiber laser to {sup 4}He transition lines with optical heterodyne saturation spectroscopies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gong, W.; Peng, X. Li, W.; Guo, H.

    2014-07-15

    Two kinds of optical heterodyne saturation spectroscopies, namely, frequency modulation spectroscopy (FMS) and modulation transfer spectroscopy (MTS), are demonstrated for locking a fiber laser to the transition lines of metastable {sup 4}He atoms around 1083 nm. The servo-loop error signals of FMS and MTS for stabilizing laser frequency are optimized by studying the dependence of the peak-to-peak amplitude and slope on the optical power of pump and probe beams. A comparison of the stabilization performances of FMS/MTS and polarization spectroscopy (PS) is presented, which shows that MTS exhibits relatively superior performance with the least laser frequency fluctuation due to its flat-background dispersive signal, originated from the four-wave mixing process. The Allan deviation of the stabilized laser frequency is 5.4 10{sup ?12}@100 s with MTS for data acquired in 1000 s, which is sufficiently applicable for fields like laser cooling, optical pumping, and optical magnetometry.

  3. Uniform 2 nm gold nanoparticles supported on iron oxides as active catalysts for CO oxidation reaction: Structure-activity relationship

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Yu; Senanayake, Sanjaya; Gu, Dong; Jin, Zhao; Du, Pei -Pei; Si, Rui; Xu, Wen -Qian; Huang, Yu -Ying; Tao, Jing; Song, Qi -Sheng; Jia, Chun -Jia; Schueth, Ferdi

    2015-01-12

    Uniform Au nanoparticles (~2 nm) with narrow size-distribution (standard deviation: 0.5–0.6 nm) supported on both hydroxylated (Fe_OH) and dehydrated iron oxide (Fe_O) have been prepared by either deposition-precipitation (DP) or colloidal-deposition (CD) methods. Different structural and textural characterizations were applied to the dried, calcined and used gold-iron oxide samples. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM (HRTEM) described the high homogeneity in the supported Au nanoparticles. The ex-situ and in-situ X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) characterization monitored the electronic and short-range local structure of active gold species. The synchrotron-based in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD), together with the corresponding temperature-programmed reduction by hydrogen (H₂-TPR), indicated a structural evolution of the iron-oxide supports, correlating to their reducibility. An inverse order of catalytic activity between DP (Au/Fe_OH < Au/Fe_O) and CD (Au/Fe_OH > Au/Fe_O) was observed. Effective gold-support interaction results in a high activity for gold nanoparticles, locally generated by the sintering of dispersed Au atoms on the oxide support in the DP synthesis, while a hydroxylated surface favors the reactivity of externally introduced Au nanoparticles on Fe_OH support for the CD approach. This work reveals why differences in the synthetic protocol translate to differences in the catalytic performance of Au/FeOx catalysts with very similar structural characteristics in CO oxidation.

  4. Uniform 2 nm gold nanoparticles supported on iron oxides as active catalysts for CO oxidation reaction: Structure-activity relationship

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Guo, Yu; Senanayake, Sanjaya; Gu, Dong; Jin, Zhao; Du, Pei -Pei; Si, Rui; Xu, Wen -Qian; Huang, Yu -Ying; Tao, Jing; Song, Qi -Sheng; et al

    2015-01-12

    Uniform Au nanoparticles (~2 nm) with narrow size-distribution (standard deviation: 0.5–0.6 nm) supported on both hydroxylated (Fe_OH) and dehydrated iron oxide (Fe_O) have been prepared by either deposition-precipitation (DP) or colloidal-deposition (CD) methods. Different structural and textural characterizations were applied to the dried, calcined and used gold-iron oxide samples. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM (HRTEM) described the high homogeneity in the supported Au nanoparticles. The ex-situ and in-situ X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) characterization monitored the electronic and short-range local structure of active gold species. The synchrotron-based in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD), together with the corresponding temperature-programmed reductionmore » by hydrogen (H₂-TPR), indicated a structural evolution of the iron-oxide supports, correlating to their reducibility. An inverse order of catalytic activity between DP (Au/Fe_OH < Au/Fe_O) and CD (Au/Fe_OH > Au/Fe_O) was observed. Effective gold-support interaction results in a high activity for gold nanoparticles, locally generated by the sintering of dispersed Au atoms on the oxide support in the DP synthesis, while a hydroxylated surface favors the reactivity of externally introduced Au nanoparticles on Fe_OH support for the CD approach. This work reveals why differences in the synthetic protocol translate to differences in the catalytic performance of Au/FeOx catalysts with very similar structural characteristics in CO oxidation.« less

  5. Viability of Cladosporium herbarum spores under 157 nm laser and vacuum ultraviolet irradiation, low temperature (10 K) and vacuum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarantopoulou, E. Stefi, A.; Kollia, Z.; Palles, D.; Cefalas, A. C.; Petrou, P. S.; Bourkoula, A.; Koukouvinos, G.; Kakabakos, S.; Velentzas, A. D.

    2014-09-14

    Ultraviolet photons can damage microorganisms, which rarely survive prolonged irradiation. In addition to the need for intact DNA, cell viability is directly linked to the functionality of the cell wall and membrane. In this work, Cladosporium herbarum spore monolayers exhibit high viability (7%) when exposed to 157 nm laser irradiation (412 kJm⁻²) or vacuum-ultraviolet irradiation (110–180 nm) under standard pressure and temperature in a nitrogen atmosphere. Spore viability can be determined by atomic-force microscopy, nano-indentation, mass, μ-Raman and attenuated reflectance Fourier-transform far-infrared spectroscopies and DNA electrophoresis. Vacuum ultraviolet photons cause molecular damage to the cell wall, but radiation resistance in spores arises from the activation of a photon-triggered signaling reaction, expressed via the exudation of intracellular substances, which, in combination with the low penetration depth of vacuum-ultraviolet photons, shields DNA from radiation. Resistance to phototoxicity under standard conditions was assessed, as was resistance to additional environmental stresses, including exposure in a vacuum, under different rates of change of pressure during pumping time and low (10 K) temperatures. Vacuum conditions were far more destructive to spores than vacuum-ultraviolet irradiation, and UV-B photons were two orders of magnitude more damaging than vacuum-ultraviolet photons. The viability of irradiated spores was also enhanced at 10 K. This work, in addition to contributing to the photonic control of the viability of microorganisms exposed under extreme conditions, including decontamination of biological warfare agents, outlines the basis for identifying bio-signaling in vivo using physical methodologies.

  6. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NM (United States) Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project, MO (United States) West Valley Demonstration Project, West Valley, NY (United States) Western Area Power...

  7. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Pilot Plant (WIPP), Carlsbad, NM (United States) Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project, MO (United States) West Valley Demonstration Project, West Valley, NY (United...

  8. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    NY United States Liu Lon Chang Los Alamos National Lab LANL Los Alamos NM United States NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS Eta mesic nuclei final state interaction binding...

  9. Method to grow carbon thin films consisting entirely of diamond grains 3-5 nm in size and high-energy grain boundaries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carlisle, John A.; Auciello, Orlando; Birrell, James

    2006-10-31

    An ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) having an average grain size between 3 and 5 nanometers (nm) with not more than about 8% by volume diamond having an average grain size larger than 10 nm. A method of manufacturing UNCD film is also disclosed in which a vapor of acetylene and hydrogen in an inert gas other than He wherein the volume ratio of acetylene to hydrogen is greater than 0.35 and less than 0.85, with the balance being an inert gas, is subjected to a suitable amount of energy to fragment at least some of the acetylene to form a UNCD film having an average grain size of 3 to 5 nm with not more than about 8% by volume diamond having an average grain size larger than 10 nm.

  10. Multi-step ion beam etching of sub-30 nm magnetic tunnel junctions for reducing leakage and MgO barrier damage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chun, Sung-woo; Kim, Daehong; Kwon, Jihun; Kim, Bongho; Choi, Seonjun; Lee, Seung-Beck

    2012-04-01

    We have demonstrated the fabrication of sub 30 nm magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The multi-step ion beam etching (IBE) process performed for 18 min between 45 deg. and 30 deg. , at 500 V combined ion supply voltage, resulted in a 55 nm tall MTJ with 28 nm diameter. We used a negative tone electron beam resist as the hard mask, which maintained its lateral dimension during the IBE, allowing almost vertical pillar side profiles. The measurement results showed a tunnel magneto-resistance ratio of 13% at 1 k{Omega} junction resistance. With further optimization in IBE energy and multi-step etching process, it will be possible to fabricate perpendicularly oriented MTJs for future sub 30 nm non-volatile magnetic memory applications.

  11. Phase diagram and transformations of iron pentacarbonyl to nm layered hematite and carbon-oxygen polymer under pressure

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ryu, Young Jay; Kim, Minseob; Yoo, Choong -Shik

    2015-10-12

    In this study, we present the phase diagram of Fe(CO)5, consisting of three molecular polymorphs (phase I, II and III) and an extended polymeric phase that can be recovered at ambient condition. The phase diagram indicates a limited stability of Fe(CO)5 within a pressure-temperature dome formed below the liquid- phase II- polymer triple point at 4.2 GPa and 580 K. The limited stability, in turn, signifies the temperature-induced weakening of Fe-CO back bonds, which eventually leads to the dissociation of Fe-CO at the onset of the polymerization of CO. The recovered polymer is a composite of novel nm-lamellar layers ofmore » crystalline hematite Fe2O3 and amorphous carbon-oxygen polymers. These results, therefore, demonstrate the synthesis of carbon-oxygen polymer by compressing Fe(CO)5, which advocates a novel synthetic route to develop atomistic composite materials by compressing organometallic compounds.« less

  12. Towards Next Generation TATB-based Explosives by Understanding Voids and Microstructure from 10 nm to 1 cm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willey, T M; Overturf, G

    2009-03-26

    TATB-based explosives have been investigated on length scales spanning several orders of magnitude, from just under 10 nm to larger than 1 cm. This has been accomplished using a combination of ultra-small angle x-ray scattering (USAXS), ultra-small angle neutron scattering (USANS), and x-ray computed tomography (XRCT). USAXS determines distributions the smallest structures including hot-spot voids from hundreds of nanometers to a few microns, USANS extends this range to about 10 microns, and two variants of XRCT cover sizes from microns to centimeters. Several examples are presented for LX-17, a triaminotrinitrobenzene based plastic bonded explosive using Kel-F 800. As an extension of previous USAXS results, in these proceedings, an alternate binder results in a more uniform microstructure for the PBX, useful towards design of next-generation TATB-based explosives. These data are an important step to understanding microstructural mechanisms that affect the mechanical properties of TATB-based explosives, and provide complete a comprehensive characterization of the structure of LX-17 from nanometers to centimeters that can be used as empirical input to computational models of detonation, and in determining the relationship between voids and microstructure to detonation properties.

  13. O({sup 3}P{sub J}) formation and desorption by 157-nm photoirradiation of amorphous solid water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeSimone, Alice J.; Orlando, Thomas M.

    2014-03-07

    Photodissociation of amorphous solid water (ASW) deposited on a thinly oxidized copper substrate at 82 K was studied by measuring O({sup 3}P{sub J=2,1,0}) photoproducts detected with resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization. For each spin-orbit state, the oxygen atom time-of-flight spectrum was measured as a function of H{sub 2}O exposure, which is related to ice thickness, and 157-nm irradiation time. Four Maxwell-Boltzmann distributions with translational temperatures of 10?000 K, 1800 K, 400 K, and 82 K were found to fit the data. The most likely formation mechanisms are molecular elimination following ionization of water and ion-electron recombination, secondary recombination of hydroxyl radicals, and photodissociation of adsorbed hydroxyl radicals. Evidence for O-atom diffusion through bulk ASW was found for H{sub 2}O exposures of at least 5 Langmuir (1 L = 10{sup ?6} Torr?s). The cross sections for O({sup 3}P{sub 2}) depletion were 1.3 10{sup ?19} and 6.5 10{sup ?20} cm{sup 2} for 1 and 5 L, respectively.

  14. Translational and internal energy distributions of methyl and hydroxyl radicals produced by 157 nm photodissociation of amorphous solid methanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hama, Tetsuya; Yokoyama, Masaaki; Yabushita, Akihiro; Kawasaki, Masahiro; Wickramasinghe, Piyumie; Guo Wei; Loock, Hans-Peter; Ashfold, Michael N. R.; Western, Colin M.

    2009-12-14

    Methanol is typically observed within water-rich interstellar ices and is a source of interstellar organic species. Following the 157 nm photoexcitation of solid methanol at 90 K, desorbed CH{sub 3}(v=0) and OH(v=0,1) radicals have been observed in situ, near the solid surface, using resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) detection methods. Time-of-flight and rotationally resolved REMPI spectra of the desorbed species were measured, and the respective fragment internal energy and kinetic energy distributions were obtained. Photoproduction mechanisms for CH{sub 3} and OH radicals from solid methanol are discussed. The formation of O({sup 1}D and {sup 3}P) atoms and H{sub 2}O was investigated, but the yield of these species was found to be negligible. CH{sub 3} products arising following the photoexcitation of water-methanol mixed ice showed similar kinetic and internal energy distributions to those from neat methanol ice.

  15. Phase diagram and transformations of iron pentacarbonyl to nm layered hematite and carbon-oxygen polymer under pressure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryu, Young Jay; Kim, Minseob; Yoo, Choong -Shik

    2015-10-12

    In this study, we present the phase diagram of Fe(CO)5, consisting of three molecular polymorphs (phase I, II and III) and an extended polymeric phase that can be recovered at ambient condition. The phase diagram indicates a limited stability of Fe(CO)5 within a pressure-temperature dome formed below the liquid- phase II- polymer triple point at 4.2 GPa and 580 K. The limited stability, in turn, signifies the temperature-induced weakening of Fe-CO back bonds, which eventually leads to the dissociation of Fe-CO at the onset of the polymerization of CO. The recovered polymer is a composite of novel nm-lamellar layers of crystalline hematite Fe2O3 and amorphous carbon-oxygen polymers. These results, therefore, demonstrate the synthesis of carbon-oxygen polymer by compressing Fe(CO)5, which advocates a novel synthetic route to develop atomistic composite materials by compressing organometallic compounds.

  16. Experimental investigation of factors limiting slow axis beam quality in 9xx nm high power broad area diode lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winterfeldt, M. Crump, P.; Wenzel, H.; Erbert, G.; Trnkle, G.

    2014-08-14

    GaAs-based broad-area diode lasers are needed with improved lateral beam parameter product (BPP{sub lat}) at high power. An experimental study of the factors limiting BPP{sub lat} is therefore presented, using extreme double-asymmetric (EDAS) vertical structures emitting at 910?nm. Continuous wave, pulsed and polarization-resolved measurements are presented and compared to thermal simulation. The importance of thermal and packaging-induced effects is determined by comparing junction -up and -down devices. Process factors are clarified by comparing diodes with and without index-guiding trenches. We show that in all cases studied, BPP{sub lat} is limited by a non-thermal BPP ground-level and a thermal BPP, which depends linearly on self-heating. Measurements as a function of pulse width confirm that self-heating rather than bias-level dominates. Diodes without trenches show low BPP ground-level, and a thermal BPP which depends strongly on mounting, due to changes in the temperature profile. The additional lateral guiding in diodes with trenches strongly increases the BPP ground-level, but optically isolates the stripe from the device edges, suppressing the influence of the thermal profile, leading to a BPP-slope that is low and independent of mounting. Trenches are also shown to initiate strain fields that cause parasitic TM-polarized emission with large BPP{sub lat}, whose influence on total BPP{sub lat} remains small, provided the overall polarization purity is >95%.

  17. Sub-10 nm Platinum Nanocrystals with Size and Shape Control: Catalytic Study for Ethylene and Pyrrole Hydrogenation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsung, Chia-Kuang; Kuhn, John N.; Huang, Wenyu; Aliaga, Cesar; Hung, Ling-I; Somorjai, Gabor A.; Yang, Peidong

    2009-03-02

    Platinum nanocubes and nanopolyhedra with tunable size from 5 to 9 nm were synthesized by controlling the reducing rate of metal precursor ions in a one-pot polyol synthesis. A two-stage process is proposed for the simultaneous control of size and shape. In the first stage, the oxidation state of the metal ion precursors determined the nucleation rate and consequently the number of nuclei. The reaction temperature controlled the shape in the second stage by regulation of the growth kinetics. These well-defined nanocrystals were loaded into MCF-17 mesoporous silica for examination of catalytic properties. Pt loadings and dispersions of the supported catalysts were determined by elemental analysis (ICP-MS) and H2 chemisorption isotherms, respectively. Ethylene hydrogenation rates over the Pt nanocrystals were independent of both size and shape and comparable to Pt single crystals. For pyrrole hydrogenation, the nanocubes enhanced ring-opening ability and thus showed a higher selectivity to n-butylamine as compared to nanopolyhedra.

  18. THE EVOLUTION OF SOLAR FLUX FROM 0.1 nm TO 160 {mu}m: QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATES FOR PLANETARY STUDIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Claire, Mark W.; Sheets, John; Meadows, Victoria S.; Cohen, Martin; Ribas, Ignasi; Catling, David C.

    2012-09-20

    Understanding changes in the solar flux over geologic time is vital for understanding the evolution of planetary atmospheres because it affects atmospheric escape and chemistry, as well as climate. We describe a numerical parameterization for wavelength-dependent changes to the non-attenuated solar flux appropriate for most times and places in the solar system. We combine data from the Sun and solar analogs to estimate enhanced UV and X-ray fluxes for the young Sun and use standard solar models to estimate changing visible and infrared fluxes. The parameterization, a series of multipliers relative to the modern top of the atmosphere flux at Earth, is valid from 0.1 nm through the infrared, and from 0.6 Gyr through 6.7 Gyr, and is extended from the solar zero-age main sequence to 8.0 Gyr subject to additional uncertainties. The parameterization is applied to a representative modern day flux, providing quantitative estimates of the wavelength dependence of solar flux for paleodates relevant to the evolution of atmospheres in the solar system (or around other G-type stars). We validate the code by Monte Carlo analysis of uncertainties in stellar age and flux, and with comparisons to the solar proxies {kappa}{sup 1} Cet and EK Dra. The model is applied to the computation of photolysis rates on the Archean Earth.

  19. Ultraviolet relaxation dynamics of aniline, N, N-dimethylaniline and 3,5-dimethylaniline at 250 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, James O. F.; Saalbach, Lisa; Crane, Stuart W.; Paterson, Martin J.; Townsend, Dave

    2015-03-21

    Time-resolved photoelectron imaging was used to investigate the electronic relaxation dynamics of gas-phase aniline, N, N-dimethylaniline, and 3,5-dimethylaniline following ultraviolet excitation at 250 nm. Our analysis was supported by ab initio coupled-cluster calculations evaluating excited state energies and (in aniline) the evolution of a range of excited state physical properties as a function of N–H bond extension. Due to a lack of consistency between several earlier studies undertaken in aniline, the specific aim of this present work was to gain new insight into the previously proposed non-adiabatic coupling interaction between the two lowest lying singlet excited states S{sub 1}(ππ{sup ∗}) and S{sub 2}(3s/πσ{sup ∗}). The methyl-substituted systems N, N-dimethylaniline and 3,5-dimethylaniline were included in order to obtain more detailed dynamical information about the key internal molecular coordinates that drive the S{sub 1}(ππ{sup ∗})/S{sub 2}(3s/πσ{sup ∗}) coupling mechanism. Our findings suggest that in all three systems, both electronic states are directly populated during the initial excitation, with the S{sub 2}(3s/πσ{sup ∗}) state then potentially decaying via either direct dissociation along the N–X stretching coordinate (X = H or CH{sub 3}) or internal conversion to the S{sub 1}(ππ{sup ∗}) state. In aniline and N, N-dimethylaniline, both pathways most likely compete in the depletion of S{sub 2}(3s/πσ{sup ∗}) state population. However, in 3,5-dimethylaniline, only the direct dissociation mechanism appears to be active. This is rationalized in terms of changes in the relative rates of the two decay pathways upon methylation of the aromatic ring system.

  20. Solar Market Analytics, Roadmapping, and Tracking NY (SMART NY) Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Case, Tria; Reilly, Laurie; Kling, Alison

    2014-05-15

    This is the final report, including links to Working Group reports and an attached Working Group report for SunShot Initiative Rooftop Solar Challenge I, from Sustainable CUNY of the City University of New York, on behalf of New York City

  1. Suppression of roll-off characteristics of organic light-emitting diodes by narrowing current injection/transport area to 50?nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayashi, Kyohei Inoue, Munetomo; Yoshida, Kou; Nakanotani, Hajime; Mikhnenko, Oleksandr; Nguyen, Thuc-Quyen E-mail: adachi@cstf.kyushu-u.ac.jp; Adachi, Chihaya E-mail: adachi@cstf.kyushu-u.ac.jp

    2015-03-02

    Using e-beam nanolithography, the current injection/transport area in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) was confined into a narrow linear structure with a minimum width of 50?nm. This caused suppression of Joule heating and partial separation of polarons and excitons, so the charge density where the electroluminescent efficiency decays to the half of the initial value (J{sub 0}) was significantly improved. A device with a narrow current injection width of 50?nm exhibited a J{sub 0} that was almost two orders of magnitude higher compared with that of the unpatterned OLED.

  2. Mathematical simulation of the amplification of 1790-nm laser radiation in a nuclear-excited He Ar plasma containing nanoclusters of uranium compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosarev, V A; Kuznetsova, E E

    2014-02-28

    The possibility of applying dusty active media in nuclearpumped lasers has been considered. The amplification of 1790-nm radiation in a nuclear-excited dusty He Ar plasma is studied by mathematical simulation. The influence of nanoclusters on the component composition of the medium and the kinetics of the processes occurring in it is analysed using a specially developed kinetic model, including 72 components and more than 400 reactions. An analysis of the results indicates that amplification can in principle be implemented in an active laser He Ar medium containing 10-nm nanoclusters of metallic uranium and uranium dioxide. (lasers)

  3. Biographical sketch - Yan Liu | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Production Yan Liu a. Professional Preparation Shandong University, Jinan, P.R. China; Chemistry; B.S. 1993 Columbia University, New York, NY; Chemistry; Ph.D. 2000 Rockefeller University, New York, NY; Photobiology; Post-doc, 2000-2001 Duke University, Durham, NC; Chemistry; Post-doc, 2001-2004 b. Area of Specialization: Physical Chemistry, DNA Engineering c. Appointments Aug. 2007 -: Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry and Biodesign Institute, Arizona State

  4. Exceptional activity of sub-nm Pt clusters on CdS for photocatalytic hydrogen production: A combined of experimental and first-principles study

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wu, Qiyuan; Su, Dong; Xiong, Shangmin; Shen, Peichuan; Zhao, Shen; Li, Yan; Orlov, Alexander

    2014-12-24

    In this work we have explored a new concept of substantially increasing photocatalytic activity for H? production of conventional semiconductors by modifying them with sub-nm Pt particles. By combining both experimental and theoretical approaches, we have also developed new mechanistic insights into the 17 times increase in photocatalytic activity of Pt modified CdS catalysts.

  5. Exceptional activity of sub-nm Pt clusters on CdS for photocatalytic hydrogen production: A combined of experimental and first-principles study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Qiyuan; Su, Dong; Xiong, Shangmin; Shen, Peichuan; Zhao, Shen; Li, Yan; Orlov, Alexander

    2014-12-24

    In this work we have explored a new concept of substantially increasing photocatalytic activity for H₂ production of conventional semiconductors by modifying them with sub-nm Pt particles. By combining both experimental and theoretical approaches, we have also developed new mechanistic insights into the 17 times increase in photocatalytic activity of Pt modified CdS catalysts.

  6. Synthesis and characterization of 10?nm thick piezoelectric AlN films with high c-axis orientation for miniaturized nanoelectromechanical devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaghloul, Usama; Piazza, Gianluca

    2014-06-23

    The scaling of piezoelectric nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) is challenged by the synthesis of ultrathin and high quality piezoelectric films on very thin electrodes. We report the synthesis and characterization of the thinnest piezoelectric aluminum nitride (AlN) films (10?nm) ever deposited on ultrathin platinum layers (25?nm) using reactive sputtering. X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and fast Fourier transform analyses confirmed the proper crystal orientation, fine columnar texture, and the continuous lattice structure within individual grains in the deposited AlN nanometer thick films. The average extracted d{sub 31} piezoelectric coefficient for the synthesized films is ?1.73 pC/N, which is comparable to the reported values for micron thick and highly c-axis oriented AlN films. The 10?nm AlN films were employed to demonstrate two different types of optimized piezoelectric nanoactuators. The unimorph actuators exhibit vertical displacements as large as 1.1??m at 0.7?V for 25??m long and 30?nm thick beams. These results have a great potential to realize miniaturized NEMS relays with extremely low voltage, high frequency resonators, and ultrasensitive sensors.

  7. Near-resonance enhanced O2 detection for dual-broadband pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with an ultraviolet-visible setup at 266 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schenk, Martin; Seeger, Thomas; Leipertz, Alfred

    2005-07-01

    Broadband and dual-broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) are widely established tools for nonintrusive gas diagnostics. Up to now the investigations have been mainly performed for electronic nonresonant conditions of the gas species of interest. We report on the enhancement of the O2-N2 detection limit of dual-broadband pure rotational CARS by shifting the wavelength of the narrowband pump laser from the commonly used 532-266 nm. This enhancement is caused when the Schumann-Runge absorption band is approached near 176 nm. The principal concept of this experiment, i.e., covering the Raman resonance with a single- or dual-broadband combination of lasers in the visible range and moving only the narrowband probe laser near or directly into electronic resonant conditions in the UV range, should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of minority species. To quantify the enhancement in O2 sensitivity, comparative measurements at both a 266 and a 532 nm narrowband pump laser wavelength are presented, employing a 4-dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethylaminostyryl)-4H-pyram (DCM) dye laser as a broadband laser source at 635 nm. An increase of approximately 13% in the ratio of the rotational CARS cross sections of O2 and N2 was obtained. The broad spectral width of the CARS excitation profile was approximately equal for both setups. Further enhancement should be achievable by shifting the narrowband pump laser closer toward 176 nm, for example, with a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator or an excimer laser. The principal concept of this experiment should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects of the narrowband pump laser with electronic transitions of minority species for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of those species.

  8. Optimized Bose-Einstein-condensate production in a dipole trap based on a 1070-nm multifrequency laser: Influence of enhanced two-body loss on the evaporation process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lauber, T.; Kueber, J.; Wille, O.; Birkl, G.

    2011-10-15

    We present an optimized strategy for the production of tightly confined Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) of {sup 87}Rb in a crossed dipole trap with direct loading from a magneto-optical trap. The dipole trap is created with light of a multifrequency fiber laser with a center wavelength of 1070 nm. Evaporative cooling is performed by ramping down the laser power only. A comparison of the resulting atom number in an almost pure BEC to the initial atom number and the value for the gain in phase space density per atom lost confirm that this straightforward strategy is very efficient. We observe that the temporal characteristics of evaporation sequence are strongly influenced by power-dependent two-body losses resulting from enhanced optical pumping to the higher-energy hyperfine state. We characterize these losses and compare them to results obtained with a single-frequency laser at 1030 nm.

  9. High-Resolution PFPE-based Molding Techniques for Nanofabrication of High-Pattern Density, Sub-20 nm Features: A Fundamental Materials Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Stuart S.; Retterer, Scott; Lopez, Rene; Ruiz, Ricardo; Samulski, Edward T.; DeSimone, Joseph M.

    2010-04-14

    Several perfluoropolyether (PFPE)-based elastomers for high-resolution replica molding applications are explored. The modulus of the elastomeric materials was increased through synthetic and additive approaches while maintaining relatively low surface tension values (<25 mN/m). Using large area (>4 in.{sup 2}) master templates, we experimentally show the relationship between mold resolution and material properties such as modulus and surface tension for materials used in this study. A composite mold approach was used to form flexible molds out of stiff, high modulus materials that allow for replication of sub-20 nm post structures. Sub-100 nm line grating master templates, formed using e-beam lithography, were used to determine the experimental stability of the molding materials. It was observed that as the feature spacing decreased, high modulus PFPE tetramethacrylate (TMA) composite molds were able to effectively replicate the nanograting structures without cracking or tear-out defects that typically occur with high modulus elastomers.

  10. 1.9 W continuous-wave single transverse mode emission from 1060?nm edge-emitting lasers with vertically extended lasing area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miah, M. J. Posilovic, K.; Kalosha, V. P.; Rosales, R.; Bimberg, D.; Kettler, T.; Skoczowsky, D.; Pohl, J.; Weyers, M.

    2014-10-13

    High-brightness edge-emitting semiconductor lasers having a vertically extended waveguide structure emitting in the 1060?nm range are investigated. Ridge waveguide (RW) lasers with 9??m stripe width and 2.64?mm cavity length yield highest to date single transverse mode output power for RW lasers in the 1060?nm range. The lasers provide 1.9 W single transverse mode optical power under continuous-wave (cw) operation with narrow beam divergences of 9 in lateral and 14 (full width at half maximum) in vertical direction. The beam quality factor M{sup 2} is less than 1.9 up to 1.9 W optical power. A maximum brightness of 72 MWcm{sup ?2}sr{sup ?1} is obtained. 100??m wide and 3?mm long unpassivated broad area lasers provide more than 9 W optical power in cw operation.

  11. Strong carrier localization effect in carrier dynamics of 585 nm InGaN amber light-emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Panpan; Li, Hongjian; Li, Zhi; Kang, Junjie; Yi, Xiaoyan; Li, Jinmin; Wang, Guohong

    2015-02-21

    Temperature dependence and time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) have been carried out to study carrier dynamics for 585 nm InGaN amber light-emitting diodes (LEDs). It is found that in InGaN amber LEDs, peak emission energy only shows a slight blueshift from 588 to 575 nm, as temperature increased from 10 K to 300 K. Moreover, radiative recombination lifetime has demonstrated independent of temperature based TRPL results. These two features indicate that a strong carrier localization effect plays a dominant role in carrier dynamics for InGaN amber LEDs. Also, activation energy of 40.3 meV is obtained through Arrhenius plot of PL intensity versus temperature.

  12. Simultaneous near-field and far-field imaging of the 11.9-nm Ni-like Sn soft-x-ray laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staub, F.; Braud, M.; Balmer, J.E.; Nilsen, J.; Bajt, S.

    2004-07-01

    We report on two-dimensional near-field imaging experiments of the 11.9-nm Sn x-ray laser that were performed with a set of Mo/Y multilayer mirrors having reflectivities of up to {approx}45% at normal and at 45 deg. incidence. Second-moment analysis of the x-ray laser emission was used to determine values of the x-ray beam propagation factor M{sup 2} for a range of irradiation parameters. The results reveal a reduction of M{sup 2} with increasing prepulse amplitude. The spatial size of the output is a factor of {approx}2 smaller than previously measured for the 14.7-nm Pd x-ray laser, while the distance of the x-ray emission with respect to the target surface remains roughly the same.

  13. Linear and nonlinear transmission of Fe{sup 2+}-doped ZnSe crystals at a wavelength of 2940 nm in the temperature range 20220 C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Il'ichev, N N; Pashinin, P P; Gulyamova, E S; Bufetova, G A; Shapkin, P V; Nasibov, A S

    2014-03-28

    The linear and nonlinear transmission of Fe{sup 2+}:ZnSe crystals is measured at a wavelength of 2940 nm in the temperature range 20 220 C. It is found that, with increasing temperature from 20 C to 150 220 C, the transmission of Fe{sup 2+}:ZnSe crystals decreases in the case of incident radiation with an intensity of ?5.5 MW cm{sup -2} and increases in the case of radiation with an intensity of 28 kW cm{sup -2}. At a temperature of 220 C, the linear transmission almost coincides with the nonlinear transmission. The transmission spectra of Fe{sup 2+}:ZnSe crystals at temperatures of 22 and 220 C in the wavelength range 500 7000 nm are presented. (active media)

  14. Gas-phase photodissociation of CH{sub 3}COCN at 308 nm by time-resolved Fourier-transform infrared emission spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeh, Yu-Ying; Chao, Meng-Hsuan; Tsai, Po-Yu; Chang, Yuan-Bin; Tsai, Ming-Tsang; Lin, King-Chuen

    2012-01-28

    By using time-resolved Fourier-transform infrared emission spectroscopy, the fragments of HCN(v= 1, 2) and CO(v= 1-3) are detected in one-photon dissociation of acetyl cyanide (CH{sub 3}COCN) at 308 nm. The S{sub 1}(A'), {sup 1}(n{sub O}, {pi}*{sub CO}) state at 308 nm has a radiative lifetime of 0.46 {+-} 0.01 {mu}s, long enough to allow for Ar collisions that induce internal conversion and enhance the fragment yields. The rate constant of Ar collision-induced internal conversion is estimated to be (1-7) x 10{sup -12} cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1}. The measurements of O{sub 2} dependence exclude the production possibility of these fragments via intersystem crossing. The high-resolution spectra of HCN and CO are analyzed to determine the ro-vibrational energy deposition of 81 {+-} 7 and 32 {+-} 3 kJ/mol, respectively. With the aid of ab initio calculations, a two-body dissociation on the energetic ground state is favored leading to HCN + CH{sub 2}CO, in which the CH{sub 2}CO moiety may further undergo secondary dissociation to release CO. The production of CO{sub 2} in the reaction with O{sub 2} confirms existence of CH{sub 2} and a secondary reaction product of CO. The HNC fragment is identified but cannot be assigned, as restricted to a poor signal-to-noise ratio. Because of insufficient excitation energy at 308 nm, the CN and CH{sub 3} fragments that dominate the dissociation products at 193 nm are not detected.

  15. Low Group Delay Dispersion Optical Coating for Broad Bandwidth High Reflection at 45° Incidence, P Polarization of Femtosecond Pulses with 900 nm Center Wavelength

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bellum, John C.; Field, Ella S.; Winstone, Trevor B.; Kletecka, Damon E.

    2016-03-01

    We describe an optical coating design suitable for broad bandwidth high reflection (BBHR) at 45° angle of incidence (AOI), P polarization (Ppol) of femtosecond (fs) laser pulses whose wavelengths range from 800 to 1000 nm. The design process is guided by quarter-wave HR coating properties. Our design must afford low group delay dispersion (GDD) for reflected light over the broad, 200 nm bandwidth in order to minimize temporal broadening of the fs pulses due to dispersive alteration of relative phases between their frequency components. The design should also be favorable to high laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT). We base the coatingmore » on TiO2/SiO2 layer pairs produced by means of e-beam evaporation with ion-assisted deposition, and use OptiLayer Thin Film Software to explore designs starting with TiO2/SiO2 layers having thicknesses in a reverse chirped arrangement. This approach led to a design with R > 99% from 800 to 1000 nm and GDD < 20 fs2 from 843 to 949 nm (45° AOI, Ppol). The design’s GDD behaves in a smooth way, suitable for GDD compensation techniques, and its electric field intensities show promise for high LIDTs. Reflectivity and GDD measurements for the initial test coating indicate good performance of the BBHR design. Subsequent coating runs with improved process calibration produced two coatings whose HR bands satisfactorily meet the design goals. Lastly, for the sake of completeness, we summarize our previously reported transmission spectra and LIDT test results with 800 ps, 8 ps and 675 fs pulses for these two coatings, and present a table of the LIDT results we have for all of our TiO2/SiO2 BBHR coatings, showing the trends with test laser pulse duration from the ns to sub-ps regimes.« less

  16. Comparison of 20 nm silver nanoparticles synthesized with and without a gold core. Structure, dissolution in cell culture media, and biological impact on macrophages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munusamy, Prabhakaran; Wang, Chongmin; Engelhard, Mark H.; Baer, Donald R.; Smith, Jordan N.; Liu, Chongxuan; Kodali, Vamsi K.; Thrall, Brian D.; Chen, Shu; Porter, Alexandra E.; Ryan, Mary P.

    2015-07-15

    Widespread use of silver nanoparticles raises questions of environmental impact and toxicity. Both silver particles and silver ions formed by particle dissolution may impact biological systems. Therefore it is important to understand the characteristics of silver nanoparticles and their stability in relevant media. The synthesis route can impact physical and chemical characteristics of the particles and we report the characterization and solution stability of three types of silver nanoparticles (20 nm particles with and without gold cores and 110 nm particles with gold cores) in cell culture media with serum proteins: FBS10%/RPMI. These nanoparticles were synthesized in aqueous solution and characterized using both in situ and ex situ analysis methods. Dissolution studies were carried at particle concentrations from 1 µg/ml to 50 µg/ml. Particles with gold cores had smaller crystallite size and higher apparent solubility than pure silver particles. A dissolution model was found to describe the time variation of particle size and amount of dissolved silver for particle loadings above 9 µg/ml. An effective solubility product obtained from fitting the data was higher for the 20 nm gold core particles in comparison to the pure silver or 110 nm particles. Dissolution of the nanoparticles was enhanced by presence of serum proteins contained in fetal bovine serum. In addition, the protocol of the dispersion in the medium was found to influence particle agglomeration and dissolution. Results show that particle structure can impact the concentration of dissolved silver and the dose to which cells would be exposed during in vitro studies.

  17. Comparison of 20 nm silver nanoparticles synthesized with and without a gold core. Structure, dissolution in cell culture media, and biological impact on macrophages

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Munusamy, Prabhakaran; Wang, Chongmin; Engelhard, Mark H.; Baer, Donald R.; Smith, Jordan N.; Liu, Chongxuan; Kodali, Vamsi K.; Thrall, Brian D.; Chen, Shu; Porter, Alexandra E.; et al

    2015-07-15

    Widespread use of silver nanoparticles raises questions of environmental impact and toxicity. Both silver particles and silver ions formed by particle dissolution may impact biological systems. Therefore it is important to understand the characteristics of silver nanoparticles and their stability in relevant media. The synthesis route can impact physical and chemical characteristics of the particles and we report the characterization and solution stability of three types of silver nanoparticles (20 nm particles with and without gold cores and 110 nm particles with gold cores) in cell culture media with serum proteins: FBS10%/RPMI. These nanoparticles were synthesized in aqueous solution andmore » characterized using both in situ and ex situ analysis methods. Dissolution studies were carried at particle concentrations from 1 µg/ml to 50 µg/ml. Particles with gold cores had smaller crystallite size and higher apparent solubility than pure silver particles. A dissolution model was found to describe the time variation of particle size and amount of dissolved silver for particle loadings above 9 µg/ml. An effective solubility product obtained from fitting the data was higher for the 20 nm gold core particles in comparison to the pure silver or 110 nm particles. Dissolution of the nanoparticles was enhanced by presence of serum proteins contained in fetal bovine serum. In addition, the protocol of the dispersion in the medium was found to influence particle agglomeration and dissolution. Results show that particle structure can impact the concentration of dissolved silver and the dose to which cells would be exposed during in vitro studies.« less

  18. MaRIE 1.0: A briefing to Katherine Richardson-McDaniel, Staff Member for U. S. Senator Martin Heinrich (D-NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnes, Cris William

    2015-02-24

    At the request of Katherine Richardson-McDaniel, Staff Member to U.S. Senator Martin Heinrich (D-NM), a high-level briefing was requested about MaRIE 1.0, the Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes effort at Los Alamos National Laboratory. What it would be, the mission need motivation, the scientific challenge, and the current favorable impact on both programs and people are shown in viewgraph form.

  19. Comprehensive Characterization of Voids and Microstructure in TATB-based Explosives from 10 nm to 1 cm: Effects of Temperature Cycling and Compressive Creep

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willey, T M; Lauderbach, L; Gagliardi, F; Cunningham, B; Lorenz, K T; Lee, J I; van Buuren, T; Call, R; Landt, L; Overturf, G

    2010-02-26

    This paper outlines the characterization of voids and Microstructure in TATB-based Explosives over several orders of magnitude, from sizes on the order of 10 nm to about 1 cm. This is accomplished using ultra small angle x-ray scattering to investigate voids from a few nm to a few microns, ultra small angle neutron scattering for voids from 100 nm to 10 microns, and x-ray computed microtomography to investigate microstructure from a few microns to a few centimeters. The void distributions of LX-17 are outlined, and the microstructure of LX-17 is presented. Temperature cycling and compressive creep cause drastically different damage to the microstructure. Temperature cycling leads to a volume expansion (ratchet growth) in TATB-based explosives, and x-ray scattering techniques that are sensitive to sizes up to a few microns indicated changes to the void volume distribution that had previously accounted for most, but not all of the change in density. This paper presents the microstructural damage larger than a few microns caused by ratchet growth. Temperature cycling leads to void creation in the binder poor regions associated with the interior portion of formulated prills. Conversely, compressive creep causes characteristically different changes to microstructure; fissures form at binder-rich prill boundaries prior to mechanical failure.

  20. Fabrication of nanoscale patterns in lithium fluoride crystal using a 13.5 nm Schwarzschild objective and a laser produced plasma source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Xin; Mu Baozhong; Jiang Li; Zhu Jingtao; Yi Shengzhen; Wang Zhanshan; He Pengfei

    2011-12-15

    Lithium fluoride (LiF) crystal is a radiation sensitive material widely used as EUV and soft x-ray detector. The LiF-based detector has high resolution, in principle limited by the point defect size, large field of view, and wide dynamic range. Using LiF crystal as an imaging detector, a resolution of 900 nm was achieved by a projection imaging of test meshes with a Schwarzschild objective operating at 13.5 nm. In addition, by imaging of a pinhole illuminated by the plasma, an EUV spot of 1.5 {mu}m diameter in the image plane of the objective was generated, which accomplished direct writing of color centers with resolution of 800 nm. In order to avoid sample damage and contamination due to the influence of huge debris flux produced by the plasma source, a spherical normal-incidence condenser was used to collect EUV radiation. Together with a description of experimental results, the development of the Schwarzschild objective, the influence of condenser on energy density and the alignment of the imaging system are also reported.

  1. Sub-10 nm lanthanide doped BaLuF{sub 5} nanocrystals: Shape controllable synthesis, tunable multicolor emission and enhanced near-infrared upconversion luminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, Ling; Lu, Wei; Wang, Haibo; Yi, Zhigao; Zeng, Songjun; Li, Zheng

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: • Sub-10 nm cubic phase BaLuF{sub 5} nanocrystals were synthesized by a hydrothermal method for the first time. • Tunable multicolor from yellow to yellow-green was achieved by controlling Gd{sup 3+} content in BaLuF{sub 5}:Yb/Er system. • Intense near-infrared upconversion luminescence in BaLuF{sub 5}:Gd/Yb/Tm nanocrystal. • The enhancement near-infrared luminescence can be realized by adjusting the content of Gd{sup 3+} in BaLuF{sub 5}:Gd/Yb/Tm system. - Abstract: In this study, sub-10 nm BaLuF{sub 5} nanocrystals with cubic phase structure were synthesized by a solvothermal method using oleic acid as the stabilizing agent. The as-prepared BaLuF{sub 5} nanocrystals were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and analyzed by the upconversion (UC) spectra. The TEM results reveal that these samples present high uniformity. Compared with Gd-free samples, the size of BaLuF{sub 5}:Yb/Er doped with 10% Gd{sup 3+} decreased to 5.6 nm. In addition, BaLuF{sub 5}:Yb/Tm/Gd upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) presented efficient near-infrared (NIR)-NIR UC luminescence. Therefore, it is expected that these ultra-small BaLuF{sub 5} nanocrystals with well-controlled shape, size, and UC emission have potential applications in biomedical imaging fields.

  2. Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Prot resonant modes in a 430?nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behaghel, B.; Tamaki, R.; Watanabe, K.; Sodabanlu, H.; Vandamme, N.; Dupuis, C.; Bardou, N.; Cattoni, A.; Okada, Y.; Sugiyama, M.; Collin, S.; Guillemoles, J.-F.

    2015-02-23

    We study light management in a 430?nm-thick GaAs p-i-n single junction solar cell with 10 pairs of InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells (MQWs). The epitaxial layer transfer on a gold mirror improves light absorption and increases the external quantum efficiency below GaAs bandgap by a factor of four through the excitation of Fabry-Perot resonances. We show a good agreement with optical simulation and achieve around 10% conversion efficiency. We demonstrate numerically that this promising result can be further improved by anti-reflection layers. This study paves the way to very thin MQWs solar cells.

  3. Hard x-ray contact microscopy with 250 nm spatial resolution using a LiF film detector and a tabletop microsource

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Almaviva, S.; Bonfigli, F.; Franzini, I.; Lai, A.; Montereali, R. M.; Pelliccia, D.; Cedola, A.; Lagomarsino, S.

    2006-07-31

    An innovative route for deep-submicrometer spatial resolution hard x-ray microscopy with tabletop x-ray source is proposed. A film of lithium fluoride (LiF) was used as imaging detector in contact mode. We present here the x-ray images recorded on LiF films of a Fresnel zone plate with submicrometer gold structures and of an onion cataphyll. The images were read with an optical confocal microscope in fluorescence mode. The measured spatial resolution was about 250 nm, i.e., close to the resolution limit of the confocal microscope. The advantages and drawbacks, and the possible improvements, of this route are discussed.

  4. Observation of coupled vortex gyrations by 70-ps-time and 20-nm-space- resolved full-field magnetic transmission soft x-ray microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jung, Hyunsung; Yu, Young-Sang; Lee, Ki-Suk; Im, Mi-Young; Fischer, Peter; Bocklage, Lars; Vogel, Andreas; Bolte, Markus; Meier, Guido; Kim, Sang-Koog

    2010-09-01

    We employed time-and space-resolved full-field magnetic transmission soft x-ray microscopy to observe vortex-core gyrations in a pair of dipolar-coupled vortex-state Permalloy (Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}) disks. The 70 ps temporal and 20 nm spatial resolution of the microscope enabled us to simultaneously measure vortex gyrations in both disks and to resolve the phases and amplitudes of both vortex-core positions. We observed their correlation for a specific vortex-state configuration. This work provides a robust and direct method of studying vortex gyrations in dipolar-coupled vortex oscillators.

  5. Towards sub-200 nm nano-structuring of linear giant magneto-resistive spin valves by a direct focused ion beam milling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riedmüller, Benjamin; Huber, Felix; Herr, Ulrich

    2014-02-14

    In this work, we present a detailed investigation of a focused ion beam (FIB) assisted nano-structuring process for giant magneto-resistive (GMR) spin valve sensors. We have performed a quantitative study of the dependence of the GMR ratio as well as the sensor resistance on the ion dose, which is implanted in the active region of our sensors. These findings are correlated with the decrease of magneto-resistive properties after micro- and nano-structuring by the FIB and reveal the importance of ion damage which limits the applicability of FIB milling to GMR devices in the low μm range. Deposition of a protective layer (50 nm SiO{sub 2}) on top of the sensor structure before milling leads to a preservation of the magneto-resistive properties after the milling procedure down to sensor dimensions of ∼300 nm. The reduction of the sensor dimensions to the nanometer regime is accompanied by a shift of the GMR curves, and a modification of the saturation behavior. Both effects can be explained by a micromagnetic model including the magnetic interaction of free and pinned layer as well as the effect of the demagnetizing field of the free layer on the sensor behavior. The results demonstrate that the FIB technology can be successfully used to prepare spintronic nanostructures.

  6. Direct Aqueous-Phase Synthesis of Sub-10 nm “Luminous Pearls” with Enhanced in Vivo Renewable Near-Infrared Persistent Luminescence

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, Zhanjun; Zhang, Yuanwei; Wu, Xiang; Huang, Ling; Li, Dongsheng; Fan, Wei; Han, Gang

    2015-04-02

    Near-infrared (NIR) persistent luminescence nanoparticles (PLNPs), possessing unique NIR PL properties, have recently emerged as important materials for a wide variety of applications in chemistry and biology, for which they must endure high-temperature solid-state annealing reactions and subsequent complicated physical post-treatments. Herein, we report on a first direct aqueous-phase chemical synthesis route to NIR PLNPs and present their enhanced in vivo renewable NIR PL. Our method leads to monodisperse PLNPs as small as ca. 8 nm. Such sub-10 nm nanocrystals are readily dispersed and functionalized, and can form stable colloidal solutions in aqueous solution and cell culture medium for biologicalmore » applications. Under biotissue-penetrable red-light excitation, we found that such nanocrystals possess superior renewable PL photoluminescence in vitro and in vivo compared to their larger counterparts currently made by existing methods. In conclusion, we believe that this solid-state-reaction-free chemical approach overcomes the current key roadblock in regard to PLNP development, and thus will pave the way to broad use of these advanced miniature “luminous pearls” in photonics and biophotonics.« less

  7. Revised Manuscript

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 June 2013 Energy Levels of Light Nuclei A = 10 D.R. Tilley a,b , J.H. Kelley a,b , J.L. Godwin a,c , D.J. Millener d J. Purcell a,e , C.G. Sheu a,c and H.R. Weller a,c a Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, Durham, NC 27708-0308 b Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8202 c Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0305 d Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 e Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University,

  8. NM, East Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    149 180 185 232 304 460 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 12 16 18 29 25 15 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 1,052 1,216 1,358 1,306 1,447 2,085 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 649 664 701 660 434 478 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 403 552 657 646 1,013 1,607

  9. NM, West Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 0 0 0 10 29 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 1 1 4 4 3 5 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 2,732 2,384 2,098 1,349 951 945 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 2,727 2,379 2,093 1,345 935 899 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 5 5 5 4 16 46

  10. Chapter V

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... AL LA GA AR NC NY MI PA IN VA MS TN KY OH ME SC WV MD VT MA NH CT NJ DE R I DC b Coal Fired Power Plant Supplied by the Powder River Basin Powder River Basin 0 220 110 Miles The ...

  11. A Pixel Readout Chip in 40 nm CMOS Process for High Count Rate Imaging Systems with Minimization of Charge Sharing Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maj, Piotr; Grybos, P.; Szczgiel, R.; Kmon, P.; Drozd, A.; Deptuch, G.

    2013-11-07

    We present a prototype chip in 40 nm CMOS technology for readout of hybrid pixel detector. The prototype chip has a matrix of 18x24 pixels with a pixel pitch of 100 ?m. It can operate both in single photon counting (SPC) mode and in C8P1 mode. In SPC the measured ENC is 84 e? rms (for the peaking time of 48 ns), while the effective offset spread is below 2 mV rms. In the C8P1 mode the chip reconstructs full charge deposited in the detector, even in the case of charge sharing, and it identifies a pixel with the largest charge deposition. The chip architecture and preliminary measurements are reported.

  12. Holographic recording and characterization of photorefractive Bi{sub 2}TeO{sub 5} crystals at 633?nm wavelength light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira, Ivan de

    2014-04-28

    We report on the holographic recording on photorefractive Bi{sub 2}TeO{sub 5} crystals using ?=633 nm wavelength light. We studied the behavior of this material under the action of this low photonic energy light and found out the presence of a fast and a slow hologram, both of photorefractive nature and exhibiting rather high diffraction efficiencies. The faster and the slower holograms are based on the excitation and diffusion of oppositely charged carriers (likely electrons and holes). Relevant parameters for the photoactive centers responsible for both kind of holograms were characterized using purely holographic techniques. No evidences of non-photosensitive ionic charge carriers being involved in the recording process at room temperature nor self-fixing effects were found.

  13. Low leakage Ru-strontium titanate-Ru metal-insulator-metal capacitors for sub-20 nm technology node in dynamic random access memory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popovici, M. Swerts, J.; Redolfi, A.; Kaczer, B.; Aoulaiche, M.; Radu, I.; Clima, S.; Everaert, J.-L.; Van Elshocht, S.; Jurczak, M.

    2014-02-24

    Improved metal-insulator-metal capacitor (MIMCAP) stacks with strontium titanate (STO) as dielectric sandwiched between Ru as top and bottom electrode are shown. The Ru/STO/Ru stack demonstrates clearly its potential to reach sub-20 nm technology nodes for dynamic random access memory. Downscaling of the equivalent oxide thickness, leakage current density (J{sub g}) of the MIMCAPs, and physical thickness of the STO have been realized by control of the Sr/Ti ratio and grain size using a heterogeneous TiO{sub 2}/STO based nanolaminate stack deposition and a two-step crystallization anneal. Replacement of TiN with Ru as both top and bottom electrodes reduces the amount of electrically active defects and is essential to achieve a low leakage current in the MIM capacitor.

  14. Alloy inhomogeneity and carrier localization in AlGaN sections and AlGaN/AlN nanodisks in nanowires with 240350?nm emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Himwas, C.; Hertog, M. den; Dang, Le Si; Songmuang, R.; Monroy, E.

    2014-12-15

    We present structural and optical studies of AlGaN sections and AlGaN/AlN nanodisks (NDs) in nanowires grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. The Al-Ga intermixing at Al(Ga)N/GaN interfaces and the chemical inhomogeneity in AlGaN NDs evidenced by scanning transmission electron microscopy are attributed to the strain relaxation process. This interpretation is supported by the three-dimensional strain distribution calculated by minimizing the elastic energy in the structure. The alloy inhomogeneity increases with the Al content, leading to enhanced carrier localization signatures in the luminescence characteristics, i.e., red shift of the emission, s-shaped temperature dependence, and linewidth broadening. Despite these effects, the emission energy of AlGaN/AlN NDs can be tuned in the 240350?nm range with internal quantum efficiencies around 30%.

  15. Formation mechanisms of oxygen atoms in the O({sup 1}D{sub 2}) state from the 157 nm photoirradiation of amorphous water ice at 90 K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hama, Tetsuya; Yabushita, Akihiro; Yokoyama, Masaaki; Kawasaki, Masahiro; Watanabe, Naoki

    2009-09-21

    Vacuum ultraviolet photolysis of water ice in the first absorption band was studied at 157 nm. Translational and internal energy distributions of the desorbed species, O({sup 1}D) and OH(v=0,1), were directly measured with resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization method. Two different mechanisms are discussed for desorption of electronically excited O({sup 1}D) atoms from the ice surface. One is unimolecular dissociation of H{sub 2}O to H{sub 2}+O({sup 1}D) as a primary photoprocess. The other is the surface recombination reaction of hot OH radicals that are produced from photodissociation of hydrogen peroxide as a secondary photoprocess. H{sub 2}O{sub 2} is one of the major photoproducts in the vacuum ultraviolet photolysis of water ice.

  16. Molecular beam epitaxial growth and optical properties of red-emitting ({lambda} = 650 nm) InGaN/GaN disks-in-nanowires on silicon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jahangir, S.; Bhattacharya, P.; Mandl, M.; Strassburg, M.

    2013-02-18

    We have investigated the radiative properties of InGaN disks in GaN nanowires grown by plasma enhanced molecular beam epitaxy on (001) silicon substrates. The growth of the nanowire heterostructures has been optimized to maximize the radiative efficiency, or internal quantum efficiency (IQE), for photoluminescence emission at {lambda} = 650 nm. It is found that the IQE increases significantly (by {approx}10%) to 52%, when post-growth passivation of nanowire surface with silicon nitride or parylene is applied. The increase in efficiency is supported by radiative- and nonradiative lifetimes derived from data obtained from temperature dependent- and time-resolved photoluminescence measurements. Light emitting diodes with p-i-n disk-in-nanowire heterostructures passivated with parylene have been fabricated and characterized.

  17. Synthesis of 1 nm Pd Nanoparticles in a Microfluidic Reactor: Insights from in Situ X ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy and Small-Angle X ray Scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karim, Ayman M.; Al Hasan, Naila M.; Ivanov, Sergei A.; Siefert, Soenke; Kelly, Ryan T.; Hallfors, Nicholas G.; Benavidez, Angelica D.; Kovarik, Libor; Jenkins, Aaron; Winans, R. E.; Datye, Abhaya K.

    2015-06-11

    In this paper we show that the temporal separation of nucleation and growth is not a necessary condition for the colloidal synthesis of monodisperse nanoparticles. The synthesis mechanism of Pd nanoparticles was determined by in situ XAFS and SAXS in a microfluidic reactor capable of millisecond up to an hour time resolution. The SAXS results showed two autocatalytic growth phases, a fast growth phase followed by a very slow growth phase. The steady increase in the number of particles throughout the two growth phases indicates the synthesis is limited by slow continuous nucleation. The transition from fast to slow growth was caused by rapid increase in bonding with the capping agent as shown by XAFS. Based on this fundamental understanding of the synthesis mechanism, we show that 1 nm monodisperse Pd nanoparticles can be synthesized at low temperature using a strong binding capping agent such as trioctylphosphine (TOP).

  18. The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negres, R A; Norton, M A; Liao, Z M; Cross, D A; Bude, J D; Carr, C W

    2009-10-29

    Past work in the area of laser-induced damage growth has shown growth rates to be primarily dependent on the laser fluence and wavelength. More recent studies suggest that growth rate, similar to the damage initiation process, is affected by a number of additional parameters including pulse duration, pulse shape, site size, and internal structure. In this study, we focus on the effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser damage sites located on the exit surface of fused silica optics. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, a significant dependence of growth rate at 351 nm on pulse duration from 1 ns to 15 ns as {tau}{sup 0.3} for sites in the 50-100 {micro}m size range.

  19. RNAcentral: an international database of ncRNA sequences

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Williams, Kelly Porter

    2014-10-28

    The field of non-coding RNA biology has been hampered by the lack of availability of a comprehensive, up-to-date collection of accessioned RNA sequences. Here we present the first release of RNAcentral, a database that collates and integrates information from an international consortium of established RNA sequence databases. The initial release contains over 8.1 million sequences, including representatives of all major functional classes. A web portal (http://rnacentral.org) provides free access to data, search functionality, cross-references, source code and an integrated genome browser for selected species.

  20. New Phenomena in NC Field Theory and Emergent Spacetime Geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ydri, Badis

    2010-10-31

    We give a brief review of two nonperturbative phenomena typical of noncommutative field theory which are known to lead to the perturbative instability known as the UV-IR mixing. The first phenomena concerns the emergence/evaporation of spacetime geometry in matrix models which describe perturbative noncommutative gauge theory on fuzzy backgrounds. In particular we show that the transition from a geometrical background to a matrix phase makes the description of noncommutative gauge theory in terms of fields via the Weyl map only valid below a critical value g*. The second phenomena concerns the appearance of a nonuniform ordered phase in noncommutative scalar {phi}{sup 4} field theory and the spontaneous symmetry breaking of translational/rotational invariance which happens even in two dimensions. We argue that this phenomena also originates in the underlying matrix degrees of freedom of the noncommutative field theory. Furthermore it is conjectured that in addition to the usual WF fixed point at {theta} = 0 there must exist a novel fixed point at {theta} = {infinity} corresponding to the quartic hermitian matrix model.

  1. N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    MCCA runs a hybrid program in the state that has expanded energy efficiency services to municipalities and made advanced-income households eligible for weatherization, and this work helped prepare the agency for the workload it is seeing now under the Recovery Act.

  2. Effect of Key Parameters on the Photocatalytic Oxidation of Toluene at Low Concentrations in Air under 254 + 185 nm UV Irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quici, Natalia; Vera, Maria L.; Choi, Hyeok; Puma, Gianluca Li; Dionysiou, Dionysios D.; Litter, Marta I.; Destaillats, Hugo

    2009-07-01

    The effect of key experimental parameters on the removal of toluene under 254 + 185 nm irradiation was investigated using a benchtop photocatalytic flow reactor. Toluenewas introduced at low concentrations between 10 and 500 ppbv, typical of indoorenvironments, and reacted on TiO2-coated Raschig rings. Two different TiO2-coated rings were prepared: in one case, by dip-coating using a P25 aqueous suspension and, on the other, using an organic/inorganic sol-gel method that produced thin films of mesoporous anatase. Flow rates in the photoreactor varied between 4 L min-1 and 125 mL min-1, leading to residence times in the range 100 ms< tau< 2 s. For these conditions, toluene removal efficiencies were between 30 and 90percent, indicating that the system did not achieve total conversion in any case. For each air flow rate, the conversion oftoluene was significantly higher when the reactor length was 10 cm, as compared with 5 cm; however, only marginal increases in conversions were achieved in the two reactor lengths at equal residence time and different concentration of toluene, suggesting that that the reactor is effectively behaving as an ideal reactor and that the reaction is first-order in the concentration of toluene. Experiments were carried out between 0 and 66percent relative humidity (RH), the fastest reaction rate being observed at moderately low humidity conditions (10percent RH), with respect to both dry air and higher humidity levels. Formaldehyde was formed as a partial oxidation byproduct at low and at high residence times (240 and 960 ms), although higher formaldehyde molar yields (up to 20percent) were observed at low tau (240 ms) and moderate humidity conditions (10 and 33percent), suggesting that both tau and RH can be optimized toreduce the formation of harmful intermediates. Toluene removal efficiency increased with the TiO2 thickness (i.e., mass) until a maximum value of 500 nm, beyond which the removal efficiency decreased. This should be

  3. Northern Westchester Energy Action Consortium (NY) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Consortium are regional solutions for: *Energy efficiency and conservation programs *Renewable energy use *Waste management including organic waste *Transportation efficiency...

  4. Radiological Scoping Survey of the Scotia Depot, Scotia, NY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, E. N.

    2008-02-25

    The objectives of the radiological scoping survey were to collect adequate field data for use in evaluating the radiological condition of Scotia Depot land areas, warehouses, and support buildings.

  5. Consolidated Edison Co-NY Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 180,424 829,996 2,282,842 177,132 1,007,995 393,452 2,556 15,772 240 104 656 5 360,216 1,854,419 2,676,539 2009-02...

  6. Methane Gas Utilization Project from Landfill at Ellery (NY)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pantelis K. Panteli

    2012-01-10

    Landfill Gas to Electric Energy Generation and Transmission at Chautauqua County Landfill, Town of Ellery, New York. The goal of this project was to create a practical method with which the energy, of the landfill gas produced by the decomposing waste at the Chautauqua County Landfill, could be utilized. This goal was accomplished with the construction of a landfill gas to electric energy plant (originally 6.4MW and now 9.6MW) and the construction of an inter-connection power-line, from the power-plant to the nearest (5.5 miles) power-grid point.

  7. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    267,227 231,831 241,506 214,671 187,219 175,194 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.44 4.99 3.87 5.58 8.54 5.0

  8. Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    142,244 106,454 75,641 59,266 15,575 7,155 1999-2014 Import Price 3.73 4.39 4.20 2.78 3.36 4.33 per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.90 5.36 -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  9. Massena, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    161,486 164,984 135,278 86,609 63,987 28,825 1982-2014 Import Price 5.90 4.86 4.77 3.69 5.49 8.00 198

    2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 472 0 0 2011-2014 Pipeline Prices -- 2.96 -- -- 2011-2014

    5,595 3,965 3,992 4,147 3,819 3,049 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 6.48 6.55 5.75 6.04 7.34 5.65

  10. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    640,119 434,526 324,474 278,422 233,453 200,394 1982-2014 Import Price 4.67 5.43 4.96 3.83 5.59 8.60 1989-2014 Export Volume 0 0 38,783 68,843 184,071 201,691 1982-2014 Export Price -- -- 4.69 3.61 4.29 5.56 199

    223,532 202,549 188,208 183,548 185,119 196,365 1990-2016 Base Gas 114,992 114,956 114,913 114,853 114,603 114,779 1990-2016 Working Gas 108,540 87,594 73,296 68,695 70,516 81,586 1990-2016 Net Withdrawals 2,020 21,931 14,573 4,660 -1,571 -11,246 1990-2016 Injections 4,390 351 2,066

  11. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 580 1,310 2,522 3,252 3,026 2,668 2,170 2,445 2,379 2,066 5,121 3,191 2012 898 4,000 6,745 4,975 2,721 1,978 1,202 2,306 ...

  12. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 0 30,731 38,791 25,121 39,196 8,775

  13. Microsoft Word - NY17-15 01-50.rtf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, ... (pCig) above background a,b,c Radium-266 5 pCig, averaged over the first 15 ...

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wilson Warehouse - NY 64

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    of past operations and their relationship, if any, with MEDAEC operations. Reviews of contact lists, accountable station lists, health and safety records and other documentation ...

  15. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 35,222 28,023 21,841 13,715 12,079 14,620 21,184 14,405 12,504 15,162 18,131 24,944 2012 30,005 25,448 20,375 12,699...

  16. Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 0 1,517 6,194 848 174...

  17. QER Public Meeting in New York, NY: Energy Infrastructure Finance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... More Documents & Publications Quadrennial Energy Review: Scope, Goals, Vision, Approach, Outreach QER - Comment of IEEE QER Public Meeting in Washington, DC: Enhancing Energy ...

  18. Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.90 5.36 -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016

  19. Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    63,548 47,616 23,000 5,758 1,413 4,940 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.20 4.68 3.01 3.92 9.80 4.23

  20. Massena, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5,595 3,965 3,992 4,147 3,819 3,049 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 6.48 6.55 5.75 6.04 7.34 5.65