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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

469nm Fiber Laser Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated 466mW of 469nm light from a frequency doubled continuous wave fiber laser. The system consisted of a 938nm single frequency laser diode master oscillator, which was amplified in two stages to 5 Watts using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers and then frequency doubled in a single pass through periodically poled KTP. The 3cm long PPKTP crystal was made by Raicol Crystals Ltd. with a period of 5.9 {micro}m and had a phase match temperature of 47 degrees Centigrade. The beam was focused to a 1/e{sup 2} diameter in the crystal of 29 {micro}m. Overall conversion efficiency was 11% and the results agreed well with standard models. Our 938nm fiber amplifier design minimizes amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing an optimized core to cladding size ratio. This design allows the 3-level transition to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the 1088nm 4-level transition. We have also carefully chosen the fiber coil diameter to help suppress propagation of wavelengths longer than 938 nm. At 2 Watts, the 938nm laser had an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >10:1).

Drobshoff, A; Dawson, J W; Pennington, D M; Payne, S A; Beach, R

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

2

Category:Albuquerque, NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Albuquerque, NM Albuquerque, NM Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Albuquerque, NM" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 66 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 65 KB SVHospital Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVHospital Albuquerque... 80 KB SVLargeHotel Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVLargeHotel Albuquerq... 64 KB SVLargeOffice Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVLargeOffice Albuquer... 82 KB SVMediumOffice Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVMediumOffice Albuque... 69 KB SVMidriseApartment Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png

3

,"NM, East Proved Nonproducing Reserves"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12292014 1:57:21 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: NM, East...

4

Transparent fluids for 157-nm immersion lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- gineers. [DOI: 10.1117/1.1637366] Subject terms: 157-nm lithography; immersion fluid; perfluoropolyether

Rollins, Andrew M.

5

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04 Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04 FUSRAP Considered Sites Chupadera Mesa, NM Alternate Name(s): None Location: Approximately 28 miles northeast of the Trinity nuclear test site on the White Sands Missile Range, Northeast of Bingham, New Mexico NM.04-5 Historical Operations: Received the deposition of longer-lived radionuclides in the fallout from the nuclear test, primarily cesium-137, strontium-90, plutonium-239, cobalt-60, and europium-155. NM.04-2 NM.04-5 Eligibility Determination: No further action required. Radiation levels below cleaunup criteria. NM.04-1 NM.04-2 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys NM.04-3 NM.04-4 Site Status: NA - No Further Action Required NM.04-1 NM.04-2 Long-term Care Requirements: Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Requirements for Remediated FUSRAP Sites S07566_FUSRAP

6

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01 Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Bayo Canyon, NM Alternate Name(s): Bayo Canyon Area Bayo Canyon (TA-10) Site NM.01-2 Location: Canyon in the Pajarito Plateau Region in Los Alamos County, Los Alamos, NM NM.01-3 Historical Operations: Used in 1944-1961 by the MED and later AEC at Los Alamos National Laboratory as a firing site for conventional and high-explosives experiments involving natural and depleted uranium, strontium, and lanthanum as a radiation source for blast diagnosis. NM.01-3 NM.01-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NM.01-1 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Survey NM.01-3 Site Status: Certified- Certification Basis NM.01-5 NM.01-6 Long-term Care Requirements: Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Requirements for Remediated FUSRAP Sites S07566_FUSRAP

7

147-nm photolysis of disilane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photodecomposition of Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ at 147 nm results in the formation of H/sub 2/, SiH/sub 4/, Si/sub 3/H/sub 8/, Si/sub 4/H/sub 10/, Si/sub 5/H/sub 12/, and a solid film of amorphous silicon hydride (a-Si:H). Three primary processes are proposed to account for the results, namely, (a) Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ + h..nu.. ..-->.. SiH/sub 2/ + SiH/sub 3/ + H (phi/sub a/ = 0.61); (b) Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ + h..nu.. ..-->.. SiH/sub 3/SiH + 2H (phi/sub b/ = 0.18); (c) Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ + h..nu.. ..-->.. Si/sub 2/H/sub 5/ + H (phi/sub c/ = 0.21). The overall quantum yields depend on the pressure but at 1 Torr partial pressure of Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ are PHI(-Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/) = 4.3 +- 0.2, PHI(SiH/sub 4/) = 1.2 +- 0.4, PHI(Si/sub 3/H/sub 8/) = 0.91 +- 0.08, PHI(Si/sub 4/H/sub 10/) = 0.62 +- 0.03, PHI(Si,wall) = 2.2. Quantum yields for H/sub 2/ formation were not measured. A mechanism is proposed which is shown to be in accord with the experimental facts.

Perkins, G.G.A.; Lampe, F.W.

1980-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

8

A Comparison of 400nm and 800nm Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Dissociative Ionization of Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Role of the center wavelength of excitation laser pulses on dissociative ionization of ethanol is studied using 400 nm and 800 nm femtosecond laser pulses. Contribution of...

Shioyama, Tadamasa; Yazawa, Hiroki; Kannari, Fumihiko; Itakura, Ryuji; Yamanouchi, Kaoru

9

The 147-nm photolysis of disilane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 147-nm photolysis of disilane ... Photoinduced Reaction of Disilane with the Si(111) Surface ... Photoinduced Reaction of Disilane with the Si(111) Surface ...

G. G. A. Perkins; F. W. Lampe

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Photolysis of Disilane at 193 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photolysis of Disilane at 193 nm ... Absolute rate constants for the reaction of silylene with hydrogen, silane, and disilane ... Reactions of silylene(~1A1) with molecular hydrogen, methane, ethene, silane and disilane at 298 K ...

Naoya Tada; Kenichi Tonokura; Keiji Matsumoto; Mitsuo Koshi; Akira Miyoshi; Hiroyuki Matsui

1999-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

11

Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography Michael D. Austin pitch and feature sizes of these applications. Thus, presently, re- searchers have been largely pitch over a large area, its applications in nanogap metal contacts, and a study of fabrication yields

12

Power and Performance of Native and Java Benchmarks on 130nm to 32nm Process Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power and Performance of Native and Java Benchmarks on 130nm to 32nm Process Technologies Hadi with chip power reduc- tions. This paper examines how well process technology and mi- croarchitecture delivered on this assumption. This paper evalu- ates power and performance of native and Java workloads

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 14-NM-a Nonpoint Source Pollution 14-NM-a - Nonpoint...

14

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 11-NM-d Cultural Resource Discovery Process 11-NM-d...

15

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 11-NM-c Human Burial Discovery Process 11-NM-c Human...

16

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 14-NM-e Ground Water Discharge Permit 14-NM-e -...

17

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Trinity Test Site - NM 17  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Trinity Test Site - NM 17 Trinity Test Site - NM 17 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TRINITY TEST SITE (NM.17 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - U.S. Army controls site Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: missile range - 30 miles west of Carrizozo , White Sands , New Mexico NM.17-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.17-1 Site Operations: Detonation of the first atomic bomb occurred at this site. NM.17-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated NM.17-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Fission fragments NM.17-1 Radiological Survey(s): NM.17-1 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - U.S. Army controls site NM.17-1 Also see Documents Related to TRINITY TEST SITE NM.17-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

18

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03 Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Acid/Pueblo Canyon, NM Alternate Name(s): Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Plant (TA-45) Acid/Pueblo and Los Alamos Canyon NM.03-3 Location: Canyons in the Pajarito Plateau Region in Los Alamos County, Los Alamos, NM NM.03-3 Historical Operations: Late 1943 or early 1944, head of the south fork of Acid Canyon received untreated liquid waste containing tritium and isotopes of strontium, cesium, uranium, plutonium, and americium discharged from main acid sewer lines and subsequently from the TA-3 plutonium treatment plant. NM.03-3 Eligibility Determination: Radiological Survey(s): Verification Surveys NM.03-5 NM.03-6 Site Status: Certified- Certification Basis and Federal Register Notice NM.03-2

19

Multi-watt 589nm fiber laser source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated 3.5W of 589nm light from a fiber laser using periodically poled stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate (PPSLT) as the frequency conversion crystal. The system employs 938nm and 1583nm fiber lasers, which were sum-frequency mixed in PPSLT to generate 589nm light. The 938nm fiber laser consists of a single frequency diode laser master oscillator (200mW), which was amplified in two stages to >15W using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers. The fiber amplifiers operate at 938nm and minimize amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing a specialty fiber design, which maximizes the core size relative to the cladding diameter. This design allows the 3-level laser system to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the competing 1088nm 4-level laser transition. At 15W, the 938nm laser has an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >15:1). The 1583nm fiber laser consists of a Koheras 1583nm fiber DFB laser that is pre-amplified to 100mW, phase modulated and then amplified to 14W in a commercial IPG fiber amplifier. As a part of our research efforts we are also investigating pulsed laser formats and power scaling of the 589nm system. We will discuss the fiber laser design and operation as well as our results in power scaling at 589nm.

DAWSON, J W; DROBSHOFF, A D; BEACH, R J; MESSERLY, M J; PAYNE, S A; BROWN, A; PENNINGTON, D M; BAMFORD, D J; SHARPE, S J; COOK, D J

2006-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

20

Frequency stabilization for a 486nm dye-ring laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For my thesis, I worked towards using two reference cavities to provide frequency stabilization to a 486nm dye-ring laser. After a doubling cavity doubles the frequency to 243nm, the laser beam is used to excite ground ...

Sievers, Charles A. (Charles Anders), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

GeoLectric Power Company NM LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GeoLectric Power Company NM LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: GeoLectric Power Company NM LLC Place: New Mexico Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Owns geothermal rights to the...

22

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-i | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 19-NM-i Change in Ownership of Water Right 19-NM-i -...

23

Pushing EUV lithography development beyond 22-nm half pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development beyond 22-nm half pitch Patrick P. Naulleau, 10.3-NA MET for sub-22-nm half-pitch development. We considerof 0.57. The orientation and pitch dependence of the imaging

Naulleau, Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tract OO - NM 06  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Tract OO - NM 06 Tract OO - NM 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACT OO (NM.06 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Site was released by the AEC for sale and unrestricted use in 1976 Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.06-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.06-1 Site Operations: Site consists of an area of 3.85 acres on the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory compound. This tract of land was a location for a fire alarm equipment building and part of power plant and several warehouses. NM.06-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiological survey report declares the area to be free of residual radioactive contamination from site operations NM.06-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: No Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None

25

The SEMATECH Berkeley MET & DCT: a quest for 14-nm half-pitch in chemically amplified resist, OOB contrast of EUV resists, and 6.x-nm lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DCT: a quest for 14-nm half- pitch in chemically amplifiedimage approaching 12-nm half-pitch with contrast above 60%.nm down to 12-nm half pitch, using the pseudo-PSM technique.

McClinton, Brittany

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 8-NM-c Certificate of Public Convenience and...

27

Sandia National Laboratories: the NM Legislature's Interim Science...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the NM Legislature's Interim Science Technology and Telecommunications Committee New Mexico Renewable Energy Storage Task Force On January 28, 2014, in Energy, Energy Storage,...

28

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 19-NM-d Considerations for Water Use in Restricted...

29

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 11-NM-b Cultural Resource Investigation Process...

30

RAPID/Roadmap/1-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 1-NM-a Land Use Planning 01NMALandUsePlanning.pdf...

31

RAPID/Roadmap/6-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 6-NM-a Special Permit for Excessive Size or Weight...

32

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 11-NM-a State Cultural Considerations Overview...

33

RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 8-NM-d State Determination of Right of Way Width...

34

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-g | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 19-NM-g Guidelines for Deep Groundwater...

35

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- ACF Industries - NM 05  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Assisted with prototype fabrication and field testing of cryogenic components for thermonuclear weapons program during 1955-1956. NM.05-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential...

36

RF power potential of 45 nm CMOS technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the first measurements of the RF power performance of 45 nm CMOS devices with varying device widths and layouts. We find that 45 nm CMOS can deliver a peak output power density of around 140 mW/mm with ...

Putnam, Christopher

37

Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities Home > About Us > Our Locations > Albuquerque Complex > Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM > Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities

38

Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 193nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photofragment translational spectroscopy was used to identify the primary and secondary reaction pathways in 193 nm photodissociation of chlorine azide (ClN{sub 3}) under collision-free conditions. Both the molecular elimination (NCl+N{sub 2}) and the radical bond rupture channel (Cl+N{sub 3}) were investigated and compared with earlier results at 248 nm. The radical channel strongly dominates, just as at 248 nm. At 193 nm, the ClN{sub 3} ({tilde C} {sup 1}A{double_prime}) state is excited, rather than the {tilde B} {sup 1}A{prime} state that is accessed at 248 nm, resulting in different photofragment angular distributions. The chlorine translational energy distribution probing the dynamics of the radical bond rupture channel shows three distinct peaks, with the two fastest peaks occurring at the same translational energies as the two peaks seen at 248 nm that were previously assigned to linear and 'high energy' N{sub 3}. Hence, nearly all the additional photon energy relative to 248 nm appears as N{sub 3} internal excitation rather than as translational energy, resulting in considerably more spontaneous dissociation of N{sub 3} to N{sub 2}+N.

Goncher, Scott J.; Sveum, Niels E.; Moore, David T.; Bartlett,Nate D.; Neumark, Daniel M.

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

39

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY (NM.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Main Technical Area LASL LANL NM.11-1 NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.11-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.11-1 Site Operations: Nuclear weapons research and development. NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Site Disposition: Site Disposition NM.11-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium , Plutonium, Fission Products NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP NM.11-1 Also see Documents Related to TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY NM.11-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

40

NM-TRIBE-PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NM-TRIBE-PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION NM-TRIBE-PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION Location: Tribe NM-TRIBE- PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION NM American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Pueblo of Pojoaque Housing Corporation plans to improve the energy efficiency of six tribal homes located in White Sands Village by removing and replacing inefficient single-pane windows with double- pane, metal-clad wood windows. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21 This action would not: threaten a violation of applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety, and health,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

NM Underground Storage Tank Registration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: NM Underground Storage Tank RegistrationLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2012 Legal Citation...

42

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Permit 14-NM-b - NPDES Permit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Permit Overview The Clean Water Act (CWA) required the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish the...

43

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

wells must also be equipped to facilitate periodic testing to assure continued mechanical integrity. NMAC 20.6.2.5002(B)(5). 14-NM-c.17 - Comply with Monitoring Requirements...

44

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

45

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-g | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

46

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

47

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

48

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

49

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

50

RAPID/Roadmap/5-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-NM-a - Drilling and Well Development.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Permit Overview The Oil Conservation Division of the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources...

51

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Wednesday, 30 March 2011 00:00 As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

52

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

53

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

54

The SEMATECH Berkeley MET: demonstration of 15-nm half-pitch in chemically amplified EUV resist and sensitivity of EUV resists at 6.x-nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUV develoment beyond 22-nm half pitch. Proc. of SPIE, 7636(learning to 16-nm half pitch. Proc. of SPIE 7969. 79690R(demonstration of 15-nm half-pitch in chemically ampli?ed EUV

Anderson, Christopher

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (2) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: New Mexico Exploration Region: Other GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

56

Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM Home > About Us > Our Locations > Albuquerque Complex > Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New ...

57

High Power 938nm Cladding Pumped Fiber Laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a Nd:doped cladding pumped fiber amplifier, which operates at 938nm with greater than 2W of output power. The core co-dopants were specifically chosen to enhance emission at 938nm. The fiber was liquid nitrogen cooled in order to achieve four-level laser operation on a laser transition that is normally three level at room temperature, thus permitting efficient cladding pumping of the amplifier. Wavelength selective attenuation was induced by bending the fiber around a mandrel, which permitted near complete suppression of amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm. We are presently seeking to scale the output of this laser to 10W. We will discuss the fiber and laser design issues involved in scaling the laser to the 10W power level and present our most recent results.

Dawson, J; Beach, R; Brobshoff, A; Liao, Z; Payne, S; Pennington, D; Taylor, L; Hackenberg, W; Bonaccini, D

2002-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

58

Understanding Sub-20 nm Breakdown Behavior of Liquid Dielectrics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanoscale confinement of dielectric molecules is expected to influence their breakdown mechanism in applications such as nanoprobe based machining, molecular electronics, and other related technologies. This Letter presents the first experimental study of the breakdown of nonpolar, nonthiolated liquid dielectrics in the nanometer regime and develops a field emission assisted avalanche based approach to model such behavior. The studies show that dielectric breakdown in the sub-20 nm regime is independent of the cathode materials and is dominated by the electron emission and atomic cluster migration due to the “sub-20 nm scale confinement of the liquid dielectric.”

Kumar R. Virwani; Ajay P. Malshe; Kamlakar P. Rajurkar

2007-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

59

Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light Title Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2007 Authors Choi, Jong Hyun, Donald Lucas, and Catherine P. Koshland Journal Journal of Physics: Conference Series Volume 59 Start Page 54 Issue 1 Pagination 54-59 Abstract Laser interaction with nanoscale particles is distinct and different from laser-bulk material interaction, where a hot plasma is normally created. Here, we review our studies on 193 nm laser ablation of various nanoscale particles including NaCl, soot, polystyrene, and gold. The 20 ns laser beam with fluences up to 0.3 J/cm2 irradiates nanoparticles in a gas stream at laser repetition rates from 10 to 100 Hz. The particle size distributions before and after irradiation are measured with a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), and particle morphology is examined with electron microscopy. All the nanomaterials studied exhibit a similar disintegration pattern and similar particle formation characteristics. No broadband emission associated with particle heating or optical breakdown is observed. The nanoparticles formed after irradiation have a smaller mean diameter and an order of magnitude higher number concentration with a more spherical shape compared to the original particles. We use the photon-atom ratio (PAR) to interpret the laser-particle interaction energetics.

60

DNA Damage Induced by 193-nm Radiation in Mammalian Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...States Department of Energy. Irene E. Kochevar...and, therefore, the nuclear DNA in tissue will be...and, therefore, the nuclear DNA in tissue will be...States Depart ment of Energy. 2To whom requests for...nm (14). In cells, nuclear DNA will be partially...

Irene E. Kochevar; Agnes A. Walsh; Howard A. Green; Margaret Sherwood; Alice G. Shih; and Betsy M. Sutherland

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Ca II 854.2 nm BISECTORS AND CIRCUMFACULAR REGIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Active regions appear bright in Ca II 854.2 nm line core intensity while the surrounding areas, referred to as circumfacular regions, are darker than the active region or the quiet Sun. We use Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun Vector Spectromagnetograph Ca II 854.2 nm data (photospheric and chromospheric full disk magnetograms as well as high spectral resolution Stokes I and V profiles) to study the connection between magnetic canopies, circumfacular regions, and Ca II 854.2 nm bisector amplitudes (spans). The line bisector amplitude is reduced in circumfacular regions, where the 3 minute period power in chromospheric H{alpha} intensity oscillations is also reduced relative to the surrounding quiet Sun. The latter is consistent with magnetic canopies in circumfacular regions suppressing upward propagating steepening acoustic waves. Our results provide further strong evidence for shock waves as the cause of the inverse C-shaped bisector and explain the observed solar cycle variation of the shape and amplitude of Sun-as-a-star Ca II 854.2 nm bisectors.

Pietarila, A.; Harvey, J. W. [National Solar Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)] [National Solar Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

62

File:INL-geothermal-nm.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

nm.pdf nm.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Geothermal Resources Size of this preview: 466 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 467 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(3,727 × 4,791 pixels, file size: 1.5 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description New Mexico Geothermal Resources Sources Idaho National Laboratory Authors Patrick Laney; Julie Brizzee Related Technologies Geothermal Creation Date 2003-11-01 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States New Mexico File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:41, 16 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:41, 16 December 2010 3,727 × 4,791 (1.5 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

63

The SEMATECH Berkeley MET: extending EUV learning to 16-nm half pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUV learning to 16-nm half pitch Christopher N. Anderson 1 ,optimized for 18-nm half pitch. Five chemically ampli?edEUV develoment beyond 22-nm half pitch. Proc. of SPIE, 7636(

Anderson, Christopher N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

The SEMATECH Berkeley MET pushing EUV development beyond 22-nm half pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUV development beyond 22-nm half pitch Patrick Naulleau,]to approximately 22-nm half pitch resolution. However,of this tool to half pitches of 18 nm and below, This

Naulleau, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Ion transport in sub-5-nm graphene nanopores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphene nanopore is a promising device for single molecule sensing, including DNA bases, as its single atom thickness provides high spatial resolution. To attain high sensitivity, the size of the molecule should be comparable to the pore diameter. However, when the pore diameter approaches the size of the molecule, ion properties and dynamics may deviate from the bulk values and continuum analysis may not be accurate. In this paper, we investigate the static and dynamic properties of ions with and without an external voltage drop in sub-5-nm graphene nanopores using molecular dynamics simulations. Ion concentration in graphene nanopores sharply drops from the bulk concentration when the pore radius is smaller than 0.9 nm. Ion mobility in the pore is also smaller than bulk ion mobility due to the layered liquid structure in the pore-axial direction. Our results show that a continuum analysis can be appropriate when the pore radius is larger than 0.9 nm if pore conductivity is properly defined. Since many applications of graphene nanopores, such as DNA and protein sensing, involve ion transport, the results presented here will be useful not only in understanding the behavior of ion transport but also in designing bio-molecular sensors.

Suk, Myung E.; Aluru, N. R., E-mail: aluru@illinois.edu [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

66

RELATIVISTIC CALCULATION OF TRANSITION PROBABILITIES FOR 557.7 nm AND 297.2 nm EMISSION LINES IN OXYGEN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 557.7 nm green line and the 297.2 nm ultraviolet line in oxygen have been studied extensively due to their importance in astrophysics and atmospheric science. Despite the enormous effort devoted to these two prominent transition lines over 30 years, and in fact going back to 1934, the ratio of their transition probabilities remains a subject of major discrepancies amongst various theoretical calculations for many decades. Moreover, theoretical results are inconsistent with available laboratory results, as well as recent spacecraft measurements of Earth's airglow. This work presents new relativistic theoretical calculations of the transition probabilities of these two photoemission lines from neutral oxygen using the multi-configuration Dirac-Hartree-Fock method. Our calculations were performed in both length and velocity gauges in order to check for accuracy and consistency, with agreement to 8%. Whilst remaining a challenging computation, these results directly bear upon interpretations of plasma processes and ionization regimes in the universe.

Chantler, C. T.; Nguyen, T. V. B.; Lowe, J. A. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne (Australia); Grant, I. P., E-mail: chantler@unimelb.edu.au [Mathematical Institute, Oxford University, Oxford (United Kingdom)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

67

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL LAND PARCELS A, B, C, E, K, LN, PL (NM.07 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Los Alamos County , New Mexico NM.07-2 Evaluation Year: 1986 NM.07-1 Site Operations: No specific operations identified for these tracts of land. NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria. Declared as surplus real property and offered for public sale in 1972. NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Specifically Indicated NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Specifically Indicated Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.07-2 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

68

Public Service Co of NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from PNM) (Redirected from PNM) Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Service Co of NM Place New Mexico Utility Id 15473 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 10A Irrigation 10A Irrigation within Grant, Lincoln, Hidalgo and Otero counties

69

Foam-buffered spherical implosions at 527 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Creation of a low density, high temperature plasma buffer between the absorption and ablation layers of a directly driven inertial confinement fusion implosion capsule has been proposed as a means to reduce {open_quotes}early time{close_quotes} imprint from laser nonuniformities. This thermal smoothing blanket might be created from a low density foam layer wrapped around the deuterium{endash}tritium filled microballoon. Preliminary spherical implosion tests of this concept using a polystyrene foam layer surrounding a glass microballoon were performed at the Nova laser [Rev. Sci. Instrum. {bold 57}, 2101 (1986)], using a 527 nm drive wavelength. Comparison of capsule yield and imploded core symmetry showed promising improvements in overall target performance, relative to one-dimensional undegraded hydrodynamic simulations, when the foam-buffer layer was present. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Watt, R.G.; Wilson, D.C.; Chrien, R.E.; Hollis, R.V.; Gobby, P.L.; Mason, R.J.; Kopp, R.A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Lerche, R.A.; Kalantar, D.H.; MacGowan, B.; Nelson, M.B.; Phillips, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); McKenty, P.W. [University of Rochester, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] [University of Rochester, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Willi, O. [Imperial College of Science and Technology, London (United Kingdom)] [Imperial College of Science and Technology, London (United Kingdom)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment for the SNL/NM cafeterias.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for the two Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico cafeteria facilities between May and August 2005. The primary purpose of this PPOA is to assess waste and resource reduction opportunities and issue Pollution Prevention (P2) recommendations for Sandia's food service facilities. This PPOA contains recommendations for energy, water and resource reduction, as well as material substitution based upon environmentally preferable purchasing. Division 3000 has requested the PPOA report as part of the Division's compliance effort to implement the Environmental Management System (EMS) per DOE Order 450.1. This report contains a summary of the information collected and analyses performed with recommended options for implementation. The SNL/NM P2 Group will work with Division 3000 and the respective cafeteria facilities to implement these options.

McCord, Samuel Adam

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Correlating Pulses from Two Spitfire, 800nm Lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The E163 laser acceleration experiments conducted at SLAC have stringent requirements on the temporal properties of two regeneratively amplified, 800nm, Spitfire laser systems. To determine the magnitude and cause of timing instabilities between the two Ti:Sapphire amplifiers, we pass the two beams through a cross-correlator and focus the combined beam onto a Hamamatsu G1117 photodiode. The photodiode has a bandgap such that single photon processes are suppressed and only the second order, two-photon process produces an observable response. The response is proportional to the square of the intensity. The diode is also useful as a diagnostic to determine the optimal configuration of the compression cavity.

Colby, Eric R.; Mcguinness, C.; Zacherl, W.D.; /SLAC; Plettner, T.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

72

Fabrication of sub-15?nm aluminum wires by controlled etching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a method for the fabrication of uniform aluminum nanowires with diameters below 15?nm. Electron beam lithography is used to define narrow wires, which are then etched using a sodium bicarbonate solution, while their resistance is simultaneously measured in-situ. The etching process can be stopped when the desired resistance is reached, and can be restarted at a later time. The resulting nanowires show a superconducting transition as a function of temperature and magnetic field that is consistent with their smaller diameter. The width of the transition is similar to that of the lithographically defined wires, indicating that the etching process is uniform and that the wires are undamaged. This technique allows for precise control over the normal state resistance and can be used to create a variety of aluminum nanodevices.

Morgan-Wall, T.; Hughes, H. J.; Hartman, N.; Markovi?, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); McQueen, T. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

73

High power terahertz generation using 1550?nm plasmonic photomixers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a 1550?nm plasmonic photomixer operating under pumping duty cycles below 10%, which offers significantly higher terahertz radiation power levels compared to previously demonstrated photomixers. The record-high terahertz radiation powers are enabled by enhancing the device quantum efficiency through use of plasmonic contact electrodes, and by mitigating thermal breakdown at high optical pump power levels through use of a low duty cycle optical pump. The repetition rate of the optical pump can be specifically selected at a given pump duty cycle to control the spectral linewidth of the generated terahertz radiation. At an average optical pump power of 150 mW with a pump modulation frequency of 1 MHz and pump duty cycle of 2%, we demonstrate up to 0.8 mW radiation power at 1 THz, within each continuous wave radiation cycle.

Berry, Christopher W. [Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Hashemi, Mohammad R.; Jarrahi, Mona [Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Electrical Engineering Department, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Preu, Sascha [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Technical University Darmstadt, D-64283 Darmstadt (Germany); Lu, Hong; Gossard, Arthur C. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

74

Public Service Co of NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Service Co of NM Place New Mexico Utility Id 15473 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 10A Irrigation 10A Irrigation within Grant, Lincoln, Hidalgo and Otero counties 10B Irrigation TOU

75

10{times} reduction imaging at 13.4nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Schwarzschild imaging system has been designed to achieve 0.1 {mu}m resolution in a 0.4 mm diameter field of view when operated at a center wavelength of 13.4 nm. A decentered aperture is located on the convex primary resulting in an unobstructed numerical aperture of 0.08 and a corresponding depth of field of {plus_minus} 1 {mu}m. The Schwarzschild imaging objective is part of a five-reflection system containing the laser plasma source (LPS), condensing optics, turning mirror and reflection mask as shown in Figure 1. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation is generated by impinging a laser beam onto a copper target. The plasma source is driven by a Lambda Physik PLX 250 KrF excimer laser emitting 0.6 Joule, 20 ns pulses at a 200 Hz maximum repetition rate. Measurements of the source indicate that the full-width-half-maximum diameter is less than 100 {mu}m.

Tichenor, D.A.; Kubiak, G.D.; Malinowski, M.E. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)] [and others

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

FY09 assessment of mercury reduction at SNL/NM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This assessment takes the result of the FY08 performance target baseline of mercury at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico, and records the steps taken in FY09 to collect additional data, encourage the voluntary reduction of mercury, and measure success. Elemental (metallic) mercury and all of its compounds are toxic, and exposure to excessive levels can permanently damage or fatally injure the brain and kidneys. Elemental mercury can also be absorbed through the skin and cause allergic reactions. Ingestion of inorganic mercury compounds can cause severe renal and gastrointestinal damage. Organic compounds of mercury such as methyl mercury, created when elemental mercury enters the environment, are considered the most toxic forms of the element. Exposures to very small amounts of these compounds can result in devastating neurological damage and death.1 SNL/NM is required to report annually on the site wide inventory of mercury for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program, as the site's inventory is excess of the ten pound reportable threshold quantity. In the fiscal year 2008 (FY08) Pollution Prevention Program Plan, Section 5.3 Reduction of Environmental Releases, a performance target stated was to establish a baseline of mercury, its principle uses, and annual quantity or inventory. This was accomplished on July 29, 2008 by recording the current status of mercury in the Chemical Information System (CIS).

McCord, Samuel Adam

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACKS EASTERN AREA NO. 3 (NM.10 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Area No. 3 , Los Alamos County , New Mexico NM.10-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.10-2 Site Operations: These tracts were part of LASL and were subject to contamination from laboratory operations. NM.10-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria per environmental radiation survey NM.10-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.10-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to LASL TRACKS EASTERN AREA NO. 3

78

Geothermal Electric Plant Planned in N.M. | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Geothermal Electric Plant Planned in N.M. Geothermal Electric Plant Planned in N.M. July 3, 2008 - 3:57pm Addthis Publicly traded Raser Technologies Inc. of Provo, Utah, said...

79

EUV actinic defect inspection and defect printability at the sub-32 nm half pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the Sub-32 run Half-pitch Sungmin Huha, Patrick Kearneya,below the 32 nm half-pitch node. Phase defect printabilityfor the sub-32 nm half-pitch technology node. Defect

Huh, Sungmin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Wednesday, 31 August 2005 00:00...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

RICE UNIVERSITY 461nm Laser For Studies In Ultracold Neutral Strontium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RICE UNIVERSITY 461nm Laser For Studies In Ultracold Neutral Strontium by Aaron D Saenz A Thesis Houston, Texas July, 2005 #12;ABSTRACT 461nm Laser For Studies In Ultracold Neutral Strontium by Aaron D Saenz A 461 nm laser was constructed for the purposes of studying ultracold neutral strontium

Killian, Thomas C.

82

Inhibition of Progesterone-induced Xenopus Oocyte Maturation by Nm231  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23 (H118A) that lacks NDP kinase activity does not promote neurite outgrowth and, in fact, suppresses.] Abstract The Nm23 protein has been implicated in a wide variety of biological processes, including whether Nm23 is involved in Xenopus laevis oocyte maturation. We found that Nm23 is present in oocytes

83

Demonstration of an 8.85 nm Gain-Saturated Table-Top Soft X-Ray Laser and Lasing down to 7.4 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the efficient generation of a gain-saturated 8.85 nm wavelength table-top soft x-ray laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate and the observation of lasing at wavelengths as short as 7.36 nm in lanthanide ions.

Wang, Yong [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Alessi, David [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Luther, Brad [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Yin, Liang [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Martz, Dale [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL; Jorge, Rocca [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes offer an outstanding platform for studying molecular transport at nanoscale, and have become promising materials for nanofluidics and membrane technology due to their unique combination of physical, chemical, mechanical, and electronic properties. In particular, both simulations and experiments have proved that fluid flow through carbon nanotubes of nanometer size diameter is exceptionally fast compared to what continuum hydrodynamic theories would predict when applied on this length scale, and also, compared to conventional membranes with pores of similar size, such as zeolites. For a variety of applications such as separation technology, molecular sensing, drug delivery, and biomimetics, selectivity is required together with fast flow. In particular, for water desalination, coupling the enhancement of the water flux with selective ion transport could drastically reduce the cost of brackish and seawater desalting. In this work, we study the ion selectivity of membranes made of aligned double-walled carbon nanotubes with sub-2 nm diameter. Negatively charged groups are introduced at the opening of the carbon nanotubes by oxygen plasma treatment. Reverse osmosis experiments coupled with capillary electrophoresis analysis of permeate and feed show significant anion and cation rejection. Ion exclusion declines by increasing ionic strength (concentration) of the feed and by lowering solution pH; also, the highest rejection is observed for the A{sub m}{sup Z{sub A}} C{sub n}{sup Z{sub C}} salts (A=anion, C=cation, z= valence) with the greatest Z{sub A}/Z{sub C} ratio. Our results strongly support a Donnan-type rejection mechanism, dominated by electrostatic interactions between fixed membrane charges and mobile ions, while steric and hydrodynamic effects appear to be less important. Comparison with commercial nanofiltration membranes for water softening reveals that our carbon nanotube membranes provides far superior water fluxes for similar ion rejection capabilities.

Fornasiero, F; Park, H G; Holt, J K; Stadermann, M; Grigoropoulos, C P; Noy, A; Bakajin, O

2008-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - albuquerque nm usa Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the following locations: Wingate, Crowne Point Ojo Encino, NM; Wide Ruins, and Hunters Point AZ. The Albuquerque... U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Albuquerque District Bureau of...

86

E-Print Network 3.0 - albuquerque nm 08mar01 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the following locations: Wingate, Crowne Point Ojo Encino, NM; Wide Ruins, and Hunters Point AZ. The Albuquerque... U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Albuquerque District Bureau of...

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - albuquerque nm measurement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the following locations: Wingate, Crowne Point Ojo Encino, NM; Wide Ruins, and Hunters Point AZ. The Albuquerque... U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Albuquerque District Bureau of...

88

E-Print Network 3.0 - albuquerque nm 1st Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the following locations: Wingate, Crowne Point Ojo Encino, NM; Wide Ruins, and Hunters Point AZ. The Albuquerque... U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Albuquerque District Bureau of...

89

Characterization of Woody and Herbaceous Biomasses Lignin Composition with 1064 nm Dispersive Multichannel Raman Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass representing different classes of bioenergy feedstocks, including woody and herbaceous species, was measured with 1064 nm Raman spectroscopy. Pine, oak, poplar, kenaf,...

Lupoi, Jason S; Smith, Emily A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To extend soft x-ray microscopy to a resolution of order 10 nm or better, we developed a new nanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. The new process, based on the double patterning technique, has enabled us to fabricate high quality gold zone plates with 12 nm outer zones. Testing of the zone plate with the full-field transmission x-ray microscope, XM-1, in Berkeley, showed that the lens clearly resolved 12 nm lines and spaces. This result represents a significant step towards 10 nm resolution and beyond.

Chao, W.; Kim, J.; Rekawa, S.; Fischer, P.; Anderson, E. H.

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

91

Defects of a phosphosilicate glass exposed to the 193-nm radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Induced absorption is measured in a hydrogen-unloaded phosphosilicate glass (PSG) in spectral ranges from 140 to 850 nm and from 1000 to 1700 nm before and after its exposure to the 193-nm radiation. It is shown that the induced-absorption bands in the range between 140 and 300 nm do not coincide with the bands observed earlier after exposing a PSG to X-rays. It is assumed that the photorefractive effect in the PSG is related to variations induced in the glass network rather than to defects responsible for the induced-absorption bands. (fiber and integrated optics)

Larionov, Yu V; Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

92

Construction of a 1014.8nm fiber amplifier for quadrupling into the UV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fiber amplifier is constructed at 1014.8nm and then frequency doubled to produce 507.4nm. This could then be frequency doubled again to produce 253.7 radiation. The fiber amplifier consists of Ytterbium doped double-clad fiber cooled to low...

Giuoco, Frank Joseph

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

93

Faraday and Cotton-Mouton Effects of Helium at = 1064 nm A. Cad`ene1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faraday and Cotton-Mouton Effects of Helium at = 1064 nm A. Cad`ene1 , D. Sordes1 , P. Berceau1 of the Faraday and the Cotton-Mouton effects of helium gas at = 1064 nm. Our apparatus is based on an up and Cotton-Mouton effect. Our measurements give for the first time the experimental value of the Faraday

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

94

Geometrically restricted ultrathin (20-nm) film of cyclohexane: A metastable phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present experimental evidence that when the dimensions of cyclohexane films are finite a new metastable phase is manifested. This was ascertained from comparative infrared measurements at 90nm, 126 nm, and 12 ?m, geometrically restricted in ZnSe cylinders.

R. Mu and V. M. Malhotra

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Rock Sampling At Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Rock Sampling At Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) Exploration Activity Details Location Zuni Mountains Nm Area Exploration Technique Rock Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Radiogenic heat production analysis from U,Th,K concentrations. References D. G. Brookins (1982) Potassium, Uranium, Thorium Radiogenic Heat Contribution To Heat Flow In The Precambrian And Younger Silicic Rocks Of The Zuni And Florida Mountains, New Mexico (Usa) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Rock_Sampling_At_Zuni_Mountains_Nm_Area_(Brookins,_1982)&oldid=387056" Category: Exploration Activities

96

Photodissociation dynamics of ClN{sub 3} at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photofragment translational spectroscopy was used to identify the primary and secondary reaction pathways in 193 nm photodissociation of chlorine azide (ClN{sub 3}) under collision-free conditions. Both the molecular elimination (NCl+N{sub 2}) and the radical bond rupture channel (Cl+N{sub 3}) were investigated and compared with earlier results at 248 nm. The radical channel strongly dominates, just as at 248 nm. At 193 nm, the ClN{sub 3} (C-tilde{sup 1}A{sup ''}) state is excited, rather than the B-tilde{sup 1}A{sup '} state that is accessed at 248 nm, resulting in different photofragment angular distributions. The chlorine translational energy distribution probing the dynamics of the radical bond rupture channel shows three distinct peaks, with the two fastest peaks occurring at the same translational energies as the two peaks seen at 248 nm that were previously assigned to linear and 'high energy' N{sub 3}. Hence, nearly all the additional photon energy relative to 248 nm appears as N{sub 3} internal excitation rather than as translational energy, resulting in considerably more spontaneous dissociation of N{sub 3} to N{sub 2}+N.

Goncher, Scott J.; Sveum, Niels E.; Moore, David T.; Bartlett, Nate D.; Neumark, Daniel M. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

97

High silicon content silylating reagents for dry-developed positive-tone resists for extreme ultraviolet (13.5 nm) and deep ultraviolet (248 nm) microlithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent results in the use of disilanes as silylating reagents for near-surface imaging with deep-UV (248 nm) and EUV (13.5 nm) lithography are reported. A relatively thin imaging layer of a photo-cross-linking resist is spun over a thicker layer of hard-baked resist that functions as a planarizing layer and antireflective coating. Photoinduced acid generation and subsequent heating crosslinks and renders exposed areas impermeable to an aminodisilane that reacts with the unexposed regions. Subsequent silylation and reactive ion etching afford a positive-tone image. The use of disilanes introduces a higher concentration of silicon into the polymer than is possible with silicon reagents that incorporate only one silicon atom per reactive site. The higher silicon content in the silylated polymer increases etching selectivity between exposed and unexposed regions and thereby increases the contrast. Additional improvements that help to minimize flow during silylation are also discussed, including the addition of bifunctional disilanes. We have resolved high aspect ratio, very high quality 0.20 {mu}m line and space patterns at 248 nm with a stepper having a numerical aperture (NA)= 0.53, and have resolved {<=} 0.15 {mu}m line and spaces at 13.5 nm.

Wheeler, D.; Scharrer, E.; Kubiak, G. [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

98

Efficient 1341-nm Laser Emission and Heat Generation Characteristics in Nd:GdVO4 Laser under Direct 879-nm Pumping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on a highly efficient (over 60% slope efficiency) 1.3-µm cw Nd:GdVO4 laser pumped by a 879-nm Ti:Sapphire laser. Non-radiative transition induced heat generation in Nd:GdVO4...

Saikawa, Jiro; Sato, Yoichi; Taira, Takunori; Nakamura, Osamu; Furukawa, Yasunori

99

High-order harmonic generation from plasma plume pumped by 400 nm wavelength laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present their study on high-order harmonic generation pumped by 400 nm wavelength laser from plasma plumes produced on the surfaces of various solid-state targets. The maximum harmonic cutoff was observed for Be plasma (31st harmonic, {lambda}=12.9 nm). They compared these results with harmonic generation pumped by 800 nm wavelength laser. The authors demonstrated single harmonic enhancement for Cr, Sn, Sb, and Mn plasmas. They also studied the use of varying the chirp of the pump laser to control the enhancement of single harmonics within the plateau.

Ganeev, Rashid A.; Elouga Bom, Luc B.; Ozaki, Tsuneyuki [Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, 1650 Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada) and Scientific Association Akadempribor, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Akademgorodok, Tashkent 100125 (Uzbekistan); Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, 1650 Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada)

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

100

Rare-earth plasma extreme ultraviolet sources at 6.5-6.7 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated a laser-produced plasma extreme ultraviolet source operating in the 6.5-6.7 nm region based on rare-earth targets of Gd and Tb coupled with a Mo/B{sub 4}C multilayer mirror. Multiply charged ions produce strong resonance emission lines, which combine to yield an intense unresolved transition array. The spectra of these resonant lines around 6.7 nm (in-band: 6.7 nm {+-}1%) suggest that the in-band emission increases with increased plasma volume by suppressing the plasma hydrodynamic expansion loss at an electron temperature of about 50 eV, resulting in maximized emission.

Otsuka, Takamitsu; Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru; Yatagai, Toyohiko [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Kilbane, Deirdre; White, John; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Forschungszentrum Dresden, Bautzner Landstrs. 400, D-01328 Dresden (Germany)

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report on National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) chronicles past and current compliance activities and includes a recommended strategy that can be implemented for continued improvement. This report provides a list of important references. Attachment 1 contains the table of contents for SAND95-1648, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Guide Sandia National Laboratories (Hansen, 1995). Attachment 2 contains a list of published environmental assessments (EAs) and environmental impact statements (EISs) prepared by SNL/NM. Attachment 3 contains abstracts of NEPA compliance papers authored by SNL/NM and its contractors.

Wolff, T.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Community Involvement and Issues Management Dept.; Hansen, R.P. [Hansen Environmental Consultants, Englewood, CO (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

A 674 nm external cavity diode laser for a ??Sr? ion trap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic ion traps are a promising candidate for scalable quantum information processing. In this thesis, a 674 nm extended cavity diode laser is built to address an optical quantum bit in ??Sr? with the goal of testing such ...

Thon, Susanna M. (Susanna Mitrani)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Toward resistant vacuum-ultraviolet coatings for free-electron lasers down to 150 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research and development are currently trying to run a storage ring free-electron laser down to 150 nm with robust optics. Vacuum-ultraviolet fluoride optics with protected oxide layers and enhanced metallic mirrors are investigated.

Gatto, Alexandre; Yang Minghong; Kaiser, Norbert; Guenster, Stefan; Ristau, Detlev; Trovo, Mauro; Danailov, Miltcho

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

650-nm 1 × 2 polymeric thermo-optic switch with low power consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a low-power 1 × 2 polymeric thermo-optic switch operating at the polymer optical fiber low-loss window of 650 nm was studied. The characteristic parameters of the switch...

Wang, Xi-Bin; Sun, Jian; Liu, Yu-Fen; Sun, Jing-Wen; Chen, Chang-Ming; Sun, Xiao-Qiang; Wang, Fei; Zhang, Da-Ming

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 31, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures March 31, 2014 It's not easy staying green... LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 31, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory...

106

Isotope 87Rb Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filter at 420??nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filter (FADOF) operating on 5S1/2–6P3/2 transition at 420 nm with a 5 cm long cell of 96.5%...

Ling, Li; Bi, Gang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Comprehensive inverse modeling for the study of carrier transport models in sub-50nm MOSFETs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct quantitative 2-D characterization of sub-50 nm MOSFETs continues to be elusive. This research develops a comprehensive indirect inverse modeling technique for extracting 2-D device topology using combined log(I)-V ...

Djomehri, Ihsan Jahed, 1976-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

put to work for electric grid security February 14, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory quantum cryptography (QC) team successfully...

109

Understanding of hydrogen silsesquioxane electron resist for sub-5-nm-half-pitch lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The authors, demonstrated that 4.5-nm-half-pitch structures could be achieved using electron-beam lithography, followed by salty development. They also hypothesized a development mechanism for hydrogen silsesquioxane, ...

Berggren, Karl K.

110

Effectiveness of the top-down nanotechnology in the production of ultrafine cement (~220?nm)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present investigation is dealing with the communition of the cement particle to the ultrafine level (?220 nm) utilizing the bead milling process, which is considered as a top-down nanotechnology. During the grinding of the cement particle, ...

Byung-Wan Jo, Sumit Chakraborty, Ki Heon Kim, Yun Sung Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 24, 2014-Dipen Sinha of Los Alamos National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acoustics topic of upcoming Frontiers in Science series July 24, 2014 Tapping sound waves to address energy, national security challenges LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 24, 2014-Dipen...

112

Carbon nanotube assisted formation of sub-50 nm polymeric nano-structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel processing method was developed for sub-50 nm structures by integrating quantum dots (QDs) on patterned polymer substrates. Poly(styrene-alt-maleic anhydride) (PSMa) was prepared by the initiated chemical vapor ...

Lee, Chia-Hua

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Photodissociation channels for N2O near 130 nm studied by product imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the experiments of Gilpin and Welge GW 15 and of Stone, Lawrence, and Fairchild SLF .16 In both studies of metastable fragments at an ionizer was recorded. In the SLF study, data for the 130-nm photodissociation

Houston, Paul L.

114

X-ray Schwarzschild objective for the carbon window (?~4.5 nm)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We deal with the recent progress in the fabrication of the graded Co/C multilayer mirrors to be used in a 21× Schwarzschild objective (SO) operating at the wavelengths near 4.5 nm...

Artyukov, Igor; Bugayev, Yegor; Devizenko, Olexander; Gullikson, Eric; Kondratenko, Valeriy; Vinogradov, Alexander

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

High energy femtosecond fiber laser at 1018 nm and high power Cherenkov radiation generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two novel laser systems for ultrafast applications have been designed and built. For the seeding of a high energy cryogenically cooled Yb:YLF laser, a novel 1018 nm fiber laser system is demonstrated. It produces >35 nJ ...

Yang, Hongyu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Particle removal challenges with EUV patterned mask for the sub-22nm HP node  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The particle removal efficiency (PRE) of cleaning processes diminishes whenever the minimum defect size for a specific technology node becomes smaller. For the sub-22 nm half-pitch (HP) node, it was demonstrated that exposure to high power megasonic up to 200 W/cm{sup 2} did not damage 60 nm wide TaBN absorber lines corresponding to the 16 nm HP node on wafer. An ammonium hydroxide mixture and megasonics removes {ge}50 nm SiO{sub 2} particles with a very high PRE, A sulfuric acid hydrogen peroxide mixture (SPM) in addition to ammonium hydroxide mixture (APM) and megasonic is required to remove {ge}28 nm SiO{sub 2} particles with a high PRE. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (TOFSIMS) studies show that the presence of O{sub 2} during a vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) ({lambda} = 172 nm) surface conditioning step will result in both surface oxidation and Ru removal, which drastically reduce extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mask life time under multiple cleanings. New EUV mask cleaning processes show negligible or no EUV reflectivity loss and no increase in surface roughness after up to 15 cleaning cycles. Reviewing of defect with a high current density scanning electron microscope (SEM) drastically reduces PRE and deforms SiO{sub 2} particles. 28 nm SiO{sub 2} particles on EUV masks age very fast and will deform over time, Care must be taken when reviewing EUV mask defects by SEM. Potentially new particles should be identified to calibrate short wavelength inspection tools, Based on actinic image review, 50 nm SiO{sub 2} particles on top of the EUV mask will be printed on the wafer.

Rastegar, A.; Eichenlaub, S.; Kadaksham, A. J.; Lee, B.; House, M.; Huh, S.; Cha, B.; Yun, H.; Mochi, I.; Goldberg, K. A.

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

117

A Comparison of Photoresist Resolution Metrics using 193 nm and EUV Lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Image blur due to chemical amplification represents a fundamental limit to photoresist performance and manifests itself in many aspects of lithographic performance. Substantial progress has been made in linking image blur with simple resolution metrics using EUV lithography. In this presentation, they examine performance of 193 nm resist and EUV resist systems using modulation transfer function, corner rounding, and other resolution metrics. In particular, they focus on cross-comparisons in which selected EUV and 193 nm resist are evaluated using both EUV and 193 nm lithography. Simulation methods linking 193 nm and EUV performance will be described as well. Results from simulation indicate that image blur in current generation 193 nm photoresists is comparable to that of many EUV resists, but that ultra-low diffusion materials designs used in very high resolution EUV resists can result in substantially lower blur. In addition to detailing correlations between EUV and 193 nm experimental methods, they discuss their utility in assessing performance needs of future generation photoresists.

Jones, Juanita; Pathak, Piyush; Wallow, Thomas; LaFontaine, Bruno; Deng, Yunfei; Kim, Ryoung-han; Kye, Jongwook; Levinson, Harry; Naulleau, Patrick; Anderson, Chris

2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

118

4.1.2 NANO FOUNTAIN PROBE WITH 40 NM WRITING RESOLUTION K.-H. Kim, N. Moldovan, H. D. Espinosa; "A Novel Nano Fountain Probe with sub-100 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.1.2 NANO FOUNTAIN PROBE WITH 40 NM WRITING RESOLUTION K.-H. Kim, N. Moldovan, H. D. Espinosa; "A Novel Nano Fountain Probe with sub-100 nm Molecular Writing Resolution", Small, 2005, ASAP. Patent the first "nano-fountain pen" capable of depositing organic ink molecules in patterns as small as 40 nm

Shull, Kenneth R.

119

Optical breakdown threshold investigation of 1064 nm laser induced air plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the theoretical and experimental measurements and analysis of the optical breakdown threshold for dry air by 1064 nm infrared laser radiation and the significance of the multiphoton and collisional cascade ionization process on the breakdown threshold measurements over pressures range from 10 to 2000 Torr. Theoretical estimates of the breakdown threshold laser intensities and electric fields are obtained using two distinct theories namely multiphoton and collisional cascade ionization theories. The theoretical estimates are validated by experimental measurements and analysis of laser induced breakdown processes in dry air at a wavelength of 1064 nm by focusing 450 mJ max, 6 ns, 75 MW max high-power 1064 nm IR laser radiation onto a 20 {mu}m radius spot size that produces laser intensities up to 3 - 6 TW/cm{sup 2}, sufficient for air ionization over the pressures of interest ranging from 10 to 2000 Torr. Analysis of the measured breakdown threshold laser intensities and electric fields are carried out in relation with classical and quantum theoretical ionization processes, operating pressures. Comparative analysis of the laser air breakdown results at 1064 nm with corresponding results of a shorter laser wavelength (193 nm) [M. Thiyagarajan and J. E. Scharer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36, 2512 (2008)] and a longer microwave wavelength (10{sup 8} nm) [A. D. MacDonald, Microwave Breakdown in Gases (Wiley, New York, 1966)]. A universal scaling analysis of the breakdown threshold measurements provided a direct comparison of breakdown threshold values over a wide range of frequencies ranging from microwave to ultraviolet frequencies. Comparison of 1064 nm laser induced effective field intensities for air breakdown measurements with data calculated based on the collisional cascade and multiphoton breakdown theories is used successfully to determine the scaled collisional microwave portion. The measured breakdown threshold of 1064 nm laser intensities are then scaled to classical microwave breakdown theory after correcting for the multiphoton ionization process for different pressures and good agreement, regarding both pressure dependence and breakdown threshold electric fields, is obtained. The effect of the presence of submicron particles on the 1064 nm breakdown threshold was also investigated. The measurements show that higher breakdown field is required, especially at lower pressures, and in close agreement with classical microwave breakdown theory and measurements in air.

Thiyagarajan, Magesh; Thompson, Shane [Plasma Engineering Research Lab (PERL), College of Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University-Corpus Christi, Texas 78412 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Printability and inspectability of Defects on the EUV Mask for sub32nm Half Pitch HVM Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strategies for 32-nm half-pitch and beyond", Proc. o f SPIEEUV Mask for sub32nm Half Pitch H V M Application Sungminof phase defect as half pitch, scanner condition and mask

Huh, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 138, 054301 (2013) Photodissociation dynamics of the methyl perthiyl radical at 248 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the photodissociation of the methyl perthiyl radical CH3SS at 248 nm. The radical was produced by flash pyrolysis

Neumark, Daniel M.

122

August 20, 2009 0:58 International Journal of Electronics IJEADC-90nm International Journal of Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variation of 10.5% in the INL and 5.7% in the DNL, with both INL and DNL being less than 0.5LSB. The 90nm, the ADC has also been presented using 45nm Predictive Technology Models (PTM). At 45nm, INL = 0.46LSB, DNL

Mohanty, Saraju P.

123

Fabrication of large area 100 nm pitch grating by spatial frequency doubling and nanoimprint lithography for subwavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fabrication of large area 100 nm pitch grating by spatial frequency doubling and nanoimprint nm pitch gratings over a large area 10 cm2 using a simple, low-cost, fast process. This method doubling and 2 pattern replication using nanoimprint lithography. The form birefringence of a 100 nm pitch

124

High power single-crystal fiber CW 946 nm laser and blue generation based on Rubidium-doped PPKTP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for high power, continuous wave and polarized laser at 946 nm (fig1.c). We demonstrate a polarized laser. Laurell, "High-power, continous-wave, second harmonic generation at 532 nm in periodically poled KTiOPO4(b)(a) (c) High power single-crystal fiber CW 946 nm laser and blue generation based on Rubidium

Boyer, Edmond

125

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

126

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Wednesday, 31 August 2005 00:00 Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

127

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Project Gas Buggy Site - NM 14  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Gas Buggy Site - NM 14 Gas Buggy Site - NM 14 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Project Gas Buggy Site (NM.14 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Gasbuggy, New Mexico, Site Nevada Test Site History Documents Related to Project Gas Buggy Site Fact Sheet Gasbuggy, New Mexico The Gasbuggy Site is located in northwestern New Mexico in Rio Arriba County approximately 55 miles east of the city of Farmington and approximately 12 miles southwest of Dulce, New Mexico, in the Carson National Forest. Floodplains and Wetlands Survey Results for the Gasbuggy and Gnome-Coach Sites, New Mexico, December 1993.

128

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Well Testing Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM

129

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

130

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

131

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration, {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Drilling Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates

132

Gd plasma source modeling at 6.7 nm for future lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmas containing gadolinium have been proposed as sources for next generation lithography at 6.x nm. To determine the optimum plasma conditions, atomic structure calculations have been performed for Gd{sup 11+} to Gd{sup 27+} ions which showed that n = 4 - n = 4 resonance transitions overlap in the 6.5-7.0 nm region. Plasma modeling calculations, assuming collisional-radiative equilibrium, predict that the optimum temperature for an optically thin plasma is close to 110 eV and that maximum intensity occurs at 6.76 nm under these conditions. The close agreement between simulated and experimental spectra from laser and discharge produced plasmas indicates the validity of our approach.

Li Bowen; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1, Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0072 (Japan)

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

133

Lasing characteristics of Er/sup 3 +/-doped silica fibers from 1553 up to 1603 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The laser oscillations from 1553 up to 1603 nm have been demonstrated in Er/sup 3 +/-doped silica fibers with a doping rate of 2500 ppm. Wide changes in laser oscillation wavelengths are due to broad splitting of the upper sublevels in the /sup 4/I/sub 152/ manifold, caused by the random structure of the silica matrix. It has been shown that unpumped parts of the Er/sup 3 +/ ions in the end pumped fiber laser configuration play an important role in the wavelength changes of the laser oscillation. For an absorbed pump power of 320 mW at 514 nm, output power of 0.5 mW was obtained at 1603 nm.

Kimura, Y.; Nakazawa, M.

1988-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

The SEMATECH Berkeley microfield exposure tool: learning a the 22-nm node and beyond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microfield exposure tools (METs) continue to playa dominant role in the development of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) resists. One of these tools is the SEMATECH Berkeley 0.3-NA MET operating as a SEMATECH resist and mask test center. Here we present an update summarizing the latest resist test and characterization results. The relatively small numerical aperture and limited illumination settings expected from 1st generation EUV production tools make resist resolution a critical issue even at the 32-nm node. In this presentation, sub 22 nm half pitch imaging results of EUV resists are reported. We also present contact hole printing at the 30-nm level. Although resist development has progressed relatively well in the areas of resolution and sensitivity, line-edge-roughness (LER) remains a significant concern. Here we present a summary of recent LER performance results and consider the effect of system-level contributors to the LER observed from the SEMA TECH Berkeley microfield tool.

Naulleau, Patrick; Anderson, Christopher; Baclea-an, Lorie-Mae; Denham, Paul; George, Simi; Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Goldstein, Michael; Hoef, Brian; Hudyma, Russ; Jones, Gideon; Koh, Chawon; La Fontaine, Bruno; McClinton, Brittany; Miyakawa, Ryan; Montgomery, Warren; Roller, John; Wallow, Tom; Wurm, Stefan

2009-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

135

Photoinduced absorption and refractive-index induction in phosphosilicate fibres by radiation at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photoinduced room-temperature-stable increase in the refractive index by {approx}5x10{sup -4} at a wavelength of 1.55 {mu}m was observed in phosphosilicate fibres without their preliminary loading with molecular hydrogen. It is shown that irradiation of preliminary hydrogen-loaded fibres by an ArF laser at 193 nm enhances the efficiency of refractive-index induction by an order of magnitude. The induced-absorption spectra of preforms with a phosphosilicate glass core and optical fibres fabricated from them are studied in a broad spectral range from 150 to 5000 nm. The intense induced-absorption band ({approx}800 cm{sup -1}) at 180 nm is found, which strongly affects the formation of the induced refractive index. The quantum-chemical model of a defect related to this band is proposed. (optical fibres)

Rybaltovsky, A A; Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G; Lanin, Aleksei V; Semenov, S L; Dianov, Evgenii M [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Gur'yanov, A N; Khopin, V F [Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity Substances, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnii Novgorod (Russian Federation)

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Well Field, {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Well Field Techniques Drilling Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM

137

Hard-x-ray microscopy with Fresnel zone plates reaches 40 nm Rayleigh resolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Substantial improvements in the nanofabrication and characteristics of gold Fresnel zone plates yielded unprecedented resolution levels in hard-x-ray microscopy. Tests performed on a variety of specimens with 8-10 keV photons demonstrated a first-order lateral resolution below 40 nm based on the Rayleigh criterion. Combined with the use of a phase contrast technique, this makes it possible to view features in the 30 nm range; good-quality images can be obtained at video rate, down to 50 ms/frame. The important repercussions on materials science, nanotechnology, and the life sciences are discussed.

Chu, Y. S.; Yi, J. M.; De Carlo, F.; Shen, Q.; Lee, Wah-Keat [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Wu, H. J.; Wang, C. L.; Wang, J. Y.; Liu, C. J.; Wang, C. H. [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan (China); Wu, S. R.; Chien, C. C. [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan (China); Department of Engineering Science and System, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Hwu, Y. [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan (China); Department of Engineering Science and System, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Institute of Optoelectronic Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202, Taiwan (China); National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Tkachuk, A.; Yun, W.; Feser, M. [Xradia Inc., 5052 Commercial Circle, Concord, California 94520 (United States); Liang, K. S. [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Yang, C. S. [Center for Nanomedicine, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli 350, Taiwan (China); Je, J. H. [X-ray Imaging Center, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Margaritondo, G. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2008-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

138

Photoionization rates of Cs Rydberg atoms in a 1064-nm far-off-resonance trap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental measurements of photoionization rates of nD{sub 5/2} Rydberg states of Cs (50{<=}n{<=}75) in a 1064-nm far off-resonance dipole trap are presented. The photoionization rates are obtained by measuring the lifetimes of Rydberg atoms produced inside of a 1064-nm far off-resonance trap and comparing the lifetimes to corresponding control experiments in a magneto-optical trap. Experimental results for the control experiments agree with recent theoretical predictions for Rydberg state lifetimes and measured photoionization rates are in agreement with transition rates calculated from a model potential.

Tallant, J.; Booth, D.; Shaffer, J. P. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 West Brooks Street, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Sapphire (0 0 0 1) surface modifications induced by long-pulse 1054 nm laser irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectrum from ultraviolet to visible and near-infrared (0.2­2 mm), high resistance to abrasion, thermal. Loomis a a Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA b Materials on the uncoated and coated surfaces. The individual damage effects of hotspots became less pronounced at high

Ma, Chi

140

Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molecular N{sub 2} fluorescence excited by laser filaments formed from laser pulses at 400 and 800 nm propagating in air is investigated. A comparison showed that, when excited with 400 nm photons, the fluorescence from the first negative band of N{sub 2}{sup +} was enhanced by a factor of 6.4 while that of the second positive band of neutral N{sub 2} remained relatively constant. The enhanced N{sub 2}{sup +} signal is attributed to a more efficient inner-shell multiphoton process (to the B{sup 2{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} state) at 400 nm leaving a larger population of N{sub 2}{sup +} ions in the excited state. On the other hand, the stable fluorescence from neutral N{sub 2} is due to the fact that the plasma density is more or less the same at both wavelengths. Using these results, a theoretical model is developed to determine the clamped intensities of the laser filaments at 400 and 800 nm.

Daigle, J.-F.; Hosseini, S.; Wang, T.-J.; Kamali, Y.; Chin, S. L. [Centre d'Optique, Photonique et Laser (COPL) and Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1V 0A6 (Canada); Jaron-Becker, A.; Becker, A. [JILA and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States); Roy, G. [Defence Research and Development Canada-Valcartier, 2459 Pie-XI Boulevard North, Quebec, Quebec G3J 1X5 (Canada)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Generation of 20 GHz, sub-40 fs pulses at 960 nm via repetition-rate multiplication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation of 20 GHz, sub-40 fs pulses at 960 nm via repetition-rate multiplication M. S. Kirchner of Physics, University of Colorado, 2000 Colorado Avenue, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA 2 National Institute­Pérot cavity in a double-pass configuration provides a broad cavity coupling bandwidth / 10% and large

Purdue University

142

High Accuracy 65nm OPC Verification: Full Process Window Model vs. Critical Failure ORC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Accuracy 65nm OPC Verification: Full Process Window Model vs. Critical Failure ORC Amandine of Mask Rule Checking (MRC) and Optical Rule Checking (ORC) have become indispensable tools for ensuring, a technique known as Critical Failure ORC (CFORC) was introduced that uses optical parameters from aerial

Boyer, Edmond

143

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study, Palo Duro Homes, Inc., Albuquerque, NM, Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready Home in Aztec, NM that scored HERS 49 without PV. This 2,064 ft2 production home has advance framed walls, a spray foamed attic, an air source heat pump, and an HRV.

144

Complete Genome Sequence of the Anaerobic, Halophilic Alkalithermophile Natranaerobius thermophilus JW/NM-WN-LF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Natranaerobius thermophilus JW/NM-WN-LF Baisuo Zhao 1 Noha M. Mesbah 1 Eileen Dalin 2 Lynne Goodwin 3 Matt Nolan 2 Sam Pitluck 2 Olga Chertkov 3 Thomas S. Brettin 4 James Han 2 Frank W. Larimer 2 Miriam L. Land 4 Loren Hauser 4 Nikolaos Kyrpides 2...

Baisuo Zhao; Noha M. Mesbah; Eileen Dalin; Lynne Goodwin; Matt Nolan; Sam Pitluck; Olga Chertkov; Thomas S. Brettin; James Han; Frank W. Larimer; Miriam L. Land; Loren Hauser; Nikolaos Kyrpides; Juergen Wiegel

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

145

Resist evaluation at 50 nm in the EUV using interferometric spatial frequency doubled imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the world that can achieve this result at EUV wavelengths. Our two-mirror, 10Ã?-demagnification Schwarzschild 10Ã? Schwarzschild optic can print high-contrast features at 50 nm with low line-edge roughness (LER tests when evaluating resists. Keywords: extreme ultraviolet lithography, EUV, Schwarzschild objective

Bokor, Jeffrey

146

High power, continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber laser tunable from 976 to 1120 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

narrow linewidth double-clad fiber ring laser," Opt. Express 10(2), 139­144 (2002). 6. A. Silva, K. J. Paschotta, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ring-doped cladding-pumped single- mode three-level fiber laser, and T. Thomas, "Efficient high power Yb3þ-silica fibre laser cladding-pumped at 1064 nm," Opt. Commun

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

147

2007 Nature Publishing Group Self-formation of sub-60-nm half-pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies of thin polymer films and termed fracture induced structuring (FIS), self-generates gratings. Specifically, FIS consists of three steps (Fig. 1)12,13. First, a coating of a polymer thin film (for example and cross- sections of FIS gratings. The half-pitch of the FIS grating was found to be as small as 60 nm

148

Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm Marc Castaing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm and below Marc Castaing Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l); published March 5, 2007 We present what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first diode-pumped Nd, or diode- pumped solid-state (DPSS) lasers. Classical wave- lengths of frequency-doubled DPSS blue lasers

Boyer, Edmond

149

Strahlenchemie von alkoholen—IX : Die UV-photolyse (? = 185 nm) von methanol in flüssiger phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zusammenfassung Bei der Photolyse (? = 185 nm) von flüssigem Methanol entstehen Wasserstoff, Glykol, Formaldehyd und Methan sowie Spuren Äthan. Die Quantenausbeuten (bezogen auf ?(H2) = 0·4 des Äthanol -Aktinometers (5 mol/1 in Wasser)) betragen 0·83, 0·78, 0·058, 0·05 bzw. 0·002. Die Isotopenverteilung des bei der Photolyse von CH3OD entstehenden Wasserstoffs (85% HD) zeigt, dass in der flüssigen Phase, ähnlich wie in der Gasphase,2 die Spaltung der O?H-Bindung (1) der wichtigste Zerfallsprozess ist. CH3OH + hv (? = 185 nm) ? CH3O• + H• (1) In Mischungen mit Wasser, in denen das Wasser fast keinen Anteil der Strahlung absorbiert, werden die Quantenausbeuten der Produkte Wasserstoff, Glykol, Methan und Äthan stark erniedrigt, während die Formaldehydausbeute konstant bleibt. In 1 molarer Lösung beträgt ?(H2) = 0·42, ?(Glykol) = 0·32, ?(CH4) = 6·10?4. Äthan ist nicht mehr nachweisbar. The UV photolysis (? = 185 nm) of liquid methanol yields hydrogen, glycol, formaldehyde, methane and traces of ethane in quantum yields of 0·83, 0·78, 0·058, 0·05 and 0·002 resp. (related to ?(H2) = 0·4 of the ethanol-actinometer (5 mole/1 in water)). The isotopic distribution of the hydrogen (85% HD) formed in the photolysis of CH3OD shows, that as in the gasphase2 the scission of the O?H-bond (1) is the major process. CH3OH + hv (? = 185 nm) ? CH3O• + H• (1) In methanoi-water mixtures (nearly all the light of the wavelength ? = 185 nm is absorbed by methanol) the quantum yields of hydrogen, glycol, methane and ethane are greatly reduced, while the formaldehyde yield remains unaffected. In 1 molar solution ?(H2) = 0·42, ?(glycol) = 0·32 and ?(CH4) = 6 x 10?4 is obtained. Ethane cannot be detected.

C. Von Sonntag

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Part I:Part I: Degradation in 3.2 nm Gate Oxides:Degradation in 3.2 nm Gate Oxides: Effects on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET Characteristics.2 nm Gate Oxides: Effects on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET

Anlage, Steven

151

File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NM.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NM.pdf NM.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 249 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description New Mexico Ethanol Plant Locations Sources United States Department of Agriculture Related Technologies Biomass, Biofuels, Ethanol Creation Date 2010-01-19 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States New Mexico External links http://www.nass.usda.gov/Charts_and_Maps/Ethanol_Plants/ File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 16:18, 27 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 16:18, 27 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (249 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

152

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - NM  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - NM 0-02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station (NM.0-02 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: The history of domestic uranium procurement under U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) contracts identifies a number of ore buying stations (sampling and storage sites) that were operated during the period late-1949 through the mid-1960s. During this period the AEC established ore-buying stations in new uranium producing areas where it appeared that ore production would be sufficient to support a uranium milling operation. The

153

Faraday and Cotton-Mouton Effects of Helium at $\\lambda = 1064$ nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of the Faraday and the Cotton-Mouton effects of helium gas at $\\lambda =~1064$\\,nm. Our apparatus is based on an up-to-date resonant optical cavity coupled to longitudinal and transverse magnetic fields. This cavity increases the signal to be measured by more than a factor of 270\\,000 compared to the one acquired after a single path of light in the magnetic field region. We have reached a precision of a few percent both for Faraday effect and Cotton-Mouton effect. Our measurements give for the first time the experimental value of the Faraday effect at $\\lambda$=\\,1064\\,nm. This value is compatible with the theoretical prediction. Concerning Cotton-Mouton effect, our measurement is the second reported experimental value at this wavelength, and the first to agree at better than 1$\\sigma$ with theoretical predictions.

Cadène, Agathe; Berceau, Paul; Fouché, Mathilde; Battesti, Remy; Rizzo, Carlo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Nonlinear generation of 104.8-nm radiation within an absorption window in zinc  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two autoionizing levels which are separated by a few decay widths may exhibit a sharp interference or window in their absorption profile and also make canceling contributions to the refractive index at the absorption minimum. A correct choice of intermediate mixing levels prevents a similar cancellation in the nonlinear susceptibility. Using uv lasers with energies of about a mJ and pulse lengths of 5 ns, we generate 0.23 ?J per pulse at 104.8 nm.

K. H. Hahn; D. A. King; S. E. Harris

1990-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

155

Rearrangement of a phosphosilicate glass network induced by the 193-nm radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The IR absorption and Raman spectra of phosphosilicate glass (PSG) are measured during its exposure to radiation at a wavelength of 193 nm. The obtained data demonstrate the complicated rearrangement dynamics of the glass network around phosphor atoms and of the glass network as a whole. The experimental dependences are explained by the model of the PSG network based on the concepts of the theory of rigidity percolation. (interaction of laser radiation with matter)

Larionov, Yu V [A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

156

Slider design for sub-3-nm flying height head–disk systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is important to further push slider's gap flying height from the current value of 7–8 nm in mass production to 2.5–3 nm, in order to increase the areal density of magnetic data storage technology from the current 60–80 Gb/in2 in mass production to 1 Tb/in2. Furthermore, perpendicular magnetic recording will be the only choice for area densities beyond 300 Gb/in2, though it might be more sensitive to the fluctuation of the flying height and needs higher flying height stability. This paper reports the authors’ efforts in both reducing slider's gap flying height and increasing the stability of the flying height. Analysis suggests that heat energy generation in both reading and writing operations affects the stability of the flying height, in addition to the intermolecular forces and the flying height modulations caused by disk waviness. An important design strategy is to have high air pressure and pressure gradient around the read/write element. Results suggest that introducing a sub-shallow step in slider's trailing part is an effective approach of achieving high air pressure and pressure gradient. A new type of slider is designed accordingly. Aerodynamic performance analysis indicates that the proposed slider can fly stably at a flying height below 3 nm.

Bo Liu; Jin Liu; Tow-Chong Chong

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Non-monotonous refractive index changes recorded in a phosphate glass optical fibre using 248nm, 500fs laser radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results are presented on the photosensitivity behavior of a phosphate glass optical fibre using 248nm, 500fs laser radiation. Bragg grating exposures performed using a double phase...

Sozzi, Michele; Rahman, Aashia; Pissadakis, Stavros

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

High-Speed SiGe BiCMOS Technologies: 120-nm Status and End-of-Roadmap Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-Speed SiGe BiCMOS Technologies: 120-nm Status and End-of-Roadmap Challenges P. Chevalier1 , BCMOS technologies at STMicroelectronics. Process and electrical characteristics of two 120-nm platforms, qualified-wave circuits. Advanced developments addressing end-of-roadmap BiCMOS are also presented and discussed. Index

Voinigescu, Sorin Petre

159

Experimental scaling law for mass ablation rate from a Sn plasma generated by a 1064 nm laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION Laser produced Sn plasma, in its role as an efficient extreme ultraviolet EUV x-ray sourceExperimental scaling law for mass ablation rate from a Sn plasma generated by a 1064 nm laser depth in planar Sn targets irradiated with a pulsed 1064 nm laser was investigated over laser

Najmabadi, Farrokh

160

Direct Patterning of CdSe Quantum Dots into Sub-100 nm Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ordered, two-dimensional cadmium selenide (CdSe) arrays have been fabricated on indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) electrodes using the pattern replication in nonwetting templates (PRINT) process. CdSe quantum dots (QDs) with an average diameter of 2.7 nm and a pyridine surface ligand were used for patterning. The PRINT technique utilizes a perfluoropolyether (PFPE) elastomeric mold that is tolerant of most organic solvents, thus allowing solutions of CdSe QDs in 4-picoline to be used for patterning without significant deformation of the mold. Nanometer-scale diffraction gratings have been successfully replicated with CdSe QDs.

Hampton, Meredith J.; Templeton, Joseph L.; DeSimone, Joseph M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Extreme ultraviolet source at 6.7 nm based on a low-density plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate an efficient extreme ultraviolet (EUV) source for operation at {lambda} = 6.7 nm by optimizing the optical thickness of gadolinium (Gd) plasmas. Using low initial density Gd targets and dual laser pulse irradiation, we observed a maximum EUV conversion efficiency (CE) of 0.54% for 0.6% bandwidth (BW) (1.8% for 2% BW), which is 1.6 times larger than the 0.33% (0.6% BW) CE produced from a solid density target. Enhancement of the EUV CE by use of a low-density plasma is attributed to the reduction of self-absorption effects.

Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Okubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Li Bowen; Kilbane, Deirdre; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer as the ultimate copper diffusion barrier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the thinnest ever reported Cu diffusion barrier, a 1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer. X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra show that the graphene is thermally stable at up to 750?°C against Cu diffusion. Transmission electron microscopy images show that there was no inter-diffusion in the Cu/graphene/Si structure. Raman analyses indicate that the graphene may have degraded into a nanocrystalline structure at 750?°C. At 800?°C, the perfect carbon structure was damaged, and thus the barrier failed. The results of this study suggest that graphene could be the ultimate Cu interconnect diffusion barrier.

Nguyen, Ba-Son [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Lin, Jen-Fin [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Perng, Dung-Ching, E-mail: dcperng@ee.ncku.edu.tw [Institute of Microelectronics and Electrical Engineering Department, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

163

Optimal power flow under both normal and contingent operation conditions using the hybrid fuzzy particle swarm optimisation and Nelder-Mead algorithm (HFPSO-NM)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we solve the optimal power flow problem using by the new hybrid fuzzy particle swarm optimisation and Nelder-Mead (NM) algorithm (HFPSO-NM). The goal of combining the NM simplex method and the particle swarm optimisation (PSO) method is ... Keywords: Fuzzy logic, HFPSO-NM, Nelder-Mead method, Optimal power flow, Particle swarm optimisation, Voltage stability

Mahmood Joorabian; Ehsan Afzalan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

308 nm photochemical reaction of gaseous HNO3 and benzene on ?-Fe2O3 surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The 308 nm photochemical reactions of nitric acid (HNO3) and benzene in the gas phase and on ?-Fe2O3 surface at 298 K was investigated by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) combined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The concentration and yield of HONO and p-nitrophenol (p-NP) had been examined as a function of reaction time, benzene initial concentration and relative humidity on photochemical reaction. The results showed that gaseous HNO3 did not directly react with benzene in the dark, and p-NP was formed irradiation under 308 nm UV light. When HNO3 initial concentration was 400 Pa and benzene was 300 Pa, the illumination time was 100 min, the concentration of p-NP produced from the photochemical reaction of HNO3 and benzene on ?-Fe2O3 surface was about 3.08 times higher than that in the gas phase. In the meantime, while reaction time was 40 min and relative humidity was 70%, the concentration of HONO and p-NP formed on ?-Fe2O3 surface were about 3.55 and 2.51 times higher than those in the gas phase, and the yield of p-NP was 3.74% and 2.99%, respectively. Surfaces effect played a leading role in photochemical reaction of HNO3 and benzene on ?-Fe2O3 surface.

Jun Zhao; Chengzhu Zhu; Jun Lu; Jiaji Zou; Shuchuan Peng; Tianhu Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Nonlinear bleaching, absorption, and scattering of 532-nm-irradiated plasmonic nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-pulse irradiation of Au and Ag suspensions of nanospheres and nanodisks with 532-nm 4-ns pulses has identified complex optical nonlinearities while minimizing material damage. For all materials tested, we observe competition between saturable absorption (SA) and reverse SA (RSA), with RSA behavior dominating for intensities above {approx}50 MW/cm{sup 2}. Due to reduced laser damage in single-pulse experiments, the observed intrinsic nonlinear absorption coefficients are the highest reported to date for Au nanoparticles. We find size dependence to the nonlinear absorption enhancement for Au nanoparticles, peaking in magnitude for 80-nm nanospheres and falling off at larger sizes. The nonlinear absorption coefficients for Au and Ag spheres are comparable in magnitude. On the other hand, the nonlinear absorption for Ag disks, when corrected for volume fraction, is several times higher. These trends in nonlinear absorption are correlated to local electric field enhancement through quasi-static mean-field theory. Through variable size aperture measurements, we also separate nonlinear scattering from nonlinear absorption. For all materials tested, we find that nonlinear scattering is highly directional and that its magnitude is comparable to that of nonlinear absorption. These results indicate methods to improve the efficacy of plasmonic nanoparticles as optical limiters in pulsed laser systems.

Liberman, V.; Sworin, M.; Kingsborough, R. P.; Geurtsen, G. P.; Rothschild, M. [Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 244 Wood Street, Lexington, Massachusetts 02420 (United States)

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

166

DOE Challenge Home Case Study, Palo Duro Homes, Inc., Albuquerque, NM, Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Palo Duro Palo Duro Homes, Inc. Albuquerque, NM BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE DOE Challenge Home builders are in the top 1% of builders in the country meeting the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed by the U.S. Department of Energy. Every DOE Challenge Home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Then, even more advanced technologies are designed in for a home that goes above and beyond current code to give you the superior quality construction, HVAC, appliances, indoor air quality, safety, durability, comfort, and solar-ready components along with ultra-low or no utility bills. This provides homeowners with a quality home that will last for generations to come.

167

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

follows the 'Yellowknife follows the 'Yellowknife Road' to Martian wet area January 15, 2013 Instrument confirms presence of gypsum and related minerals LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory and the French Space Agency have tracked a trail of minerals that point to the prior presence of water at the Curiosity rover site on Mars. Researchers from the Mars Science Laboratory's ChemCam team today described how the laser instrument aboard the Curiosity Rover-an SUV-sized vehicle studying the surface of the Red Planet-has detected veins of gypsum running through an area known as Yellowknife Bay, located some 700 meters away from where the Curiosity Rover landed five months ago. - 2 - "These veins are composed mainly of hydrated calcium sulfate, such as bassanite

168

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

virus spread and evolution studied virus spread and evolution studied through computer modeling November 19, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory are investigating the complex relationships between the spread of the HIV virus in a population (epidemiology) and the actual, rapid evolution of the virus (phylogenetics) within each patient's body. "We have developed novel ways of estimating epidemics dynamics such as who infected whom, and the true population incidence of infection versus mere diagnoses dates," said Thomas Leitner, principal investigator. "Obviously, knowledge about these things is important for public health monitoring, decision making and intervention campaigns, and further to forensic investigations." The team models the uninfected population using traditional differential equations

169

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-DNA 2-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Document Type Sundry Notice Relevant Numbers Lead Agency

170

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-CX 6-CX Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX CX at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type CX Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Time Frame (days) Application Time 16 Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Date 1/4/2012

171

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Matter, antimatter and surviving the big Matter, antimatter and surviving the big bang is topic of Lab's next Frontiers in Science lecture October 31, 2013 Talk begins at 7 p.m. and open to public LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Vincenzo Cirigliano asks the question, How did we survive the big bang? in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures beginning Monday, Nov. 4, in the Duane Smith Auditorium at Los Alamos High School. "Particles and antiparticles were produced in equal numbers in the aftermath of the big bang," according to Cirigliano. "As the primordial soup cooled, they should have completely destroyed each other, leaving behind a universe with no matter. Instead, an - 2 - imbalance of matter over antimatter developed, eventually leading to galaxies and stars

172

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

gamma-ray observatory begins gamma-ray observatory begins operations at Sierra Negra volcano in the state of Puebla, Mexico August 21, 2013 New site to observe supernovas and supermassive black holes LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma Ray Observatory has begun formal operations at its site in Mexico. HAWC is designed to study the origin of very high-energy cosmic rays and observe the most energetic objects in the known universe. This extraordinary observatory, using a unique detection technique that differs from the classical astronomical design of mirrors, - 2 - lenses, and antennae, is a significant boost to international scientific and technical knowledge. "The HAWC observatory will search for signals from dark matter and to study some

173

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

20-DNA 20-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Document Type Sundry Notice

174

Nanofiltration of Electrolyte Solutions by Sub-2nm Carbon Nanotube Membranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Both MD simulations and experimental studies have shown that liquid and gas flow through carbon nanotubes with nanometer size diameter is exceptionally fast. For applications in separation technology, selectivity is required together with fast flow. In this work, we use pressure-driven filtration experiments to study ion exclusion in silicon nitride/sub-2-nm CNT composite membranes as a function of solution ionic strength, pH, and ion valence. We show that carbon nanotube membranes exhibit significant ion exclusion at low salt concentration. Our results support a rejection mechanism dominated by electrostatic interactions between fixed membrane charges and mobile ions, while steric and hydrodynamic effects appear to be less important. Comparison with commercial nanofiltration membranes for water softening reveals that our carbon nanotube membranes provides far superior water fluxes for similar ion rejection capabilities.

Fornasiero, F; Park, H G; Holt, J K; Stadermann, M; Kim, S; In, J B; Grigoropoulos, C P; Noy, A; Bakajin, O

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

175

Printed wax masks for 254 nm deep-UV pattering of PMMA-based microfluidics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports a new technique for masking deep-UV exposure of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) using a printed wax mask. This technique provides an inexpensive and bulk fabrication method for PMMA structures. The technique involves the direct printing of the mask onto a polymer sheet using a commercial wax printer. The wax layer was then transferred to a PMMA substrate using a thermal laminator, exposed using deep-UV (with a wavelength of 254 nm), developed in an IPA:water solution, and completed by bonding on a PMMA cap layer. A sample microfluidic device fabricated with this method is also presented, with the microchannel as narrow as 50 µm. The whole process is easy to perform without the requirement for any microfabrication facilities.

Yiqiang Fan; Yang Liu; Huawei Li; Ian G Foulds

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Time and spectrum-resolving mutiphoton correlator for 300-900 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a single-photon sensitive spectrometer in the visible range, which allows us to perform time-resolved and multi-photon spectral correlation measurements. It is based on a monochromator composed of two gratings, collimation optics and an array of single photon avalanche diodes. The time resolution can reach $110$ ps and the spectral resolution is $2$ nm/pixel, limited by the design of the monochromator. This technique can easily be combined with commercial monochromators, and can be useful for joint spectrum measurements of two photons emitted in the process of parametric down conversion, as well as time-resolved spectrum measurements in optical coherence tomography or medical physics applications.

Johnsen, Kelsey D; Scarcella, Carmelo; Thibault, Marilyne; Tosi, Alberto; Jennewein, Thomas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Time and spectrum-resolving mutiphoton correlator for 300-900 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a single-photon sensitive spectrometer in the visible range, which allows us to perform time-resolved and multi-photon spectral correlation measurements. It is based on a monochromator composed of two gratings, collimation optics and an array of single photon avalanche diodes. The time resolution can reach $110$ ps and the spectral resolution is $2$ nm/pixel, limited by the design of the monochromator. This technique can easily be combined with commercial monochromators, and can be useful for joint spectrum measurements of two photons emitted in the process of parametric down conversion, as well as time-resolved spectrum measurements in optical coherence tomography or medical physics applications.

Kelsey D. Johnsen; Piotr Kolenderski; Carmelo Scarcella; Marilyne Thibault; Alberto Tosi; Thomas Jennewein

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

178

Measurement of absolute rates for multiphoton ionization of atomic hydrogen at 248 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present measurements of absolute rates for multiphoton ionization of the ground state of atomic hydrogen by a linearly polarized, subpicosecond KrF laser at a wavelength of 248 nm. The irradiance was varied from 3×1012 to 2×1014 W/cm2, and three above-threshold-ionization peaks were observed. The measured rate for total electron production was less than that predicted by Floquet theory [S.-I. Chu and J. Cooper, Phys. Rev. A 32, 2769 (1985)] and perturbation calculations [S. V. Khristenko and S. I. Vetchinkin, Opt. Specktrosk. 40, 417 (1976)], but significantly higher than calculated by the Reiss [Phys. Rev. A 22, 1786 (1980)] and Keldysh [Sov. Phys.—JETP 20, 1307 (1965)] methods using Volkov final states.

George A. Kyrala and T. David Nichols

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Single and double electron photodetachment from the oxygen anion at 41.7 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single and double photodetachment of the oxygen anion O? have been investigated at 41.7  nm (29.8 eV) in a crossed beams experiment using intense photon pulses from a free-electron laser. The ratio of single (O0+e?) and double (O++2e?) detachment was determined to be ?O0/?O+=4.12± 0.17 as identified directly from the yield of O0 and O+ fragments after irradiation. The absolute cross section for the dominating single detachment channel was measured to ?O0=(2.1±0.6)×10?19 cm2. Analysis of photoelectrons detected in coincidence with neutral fragments (O0) suggests that single photodetachment primarily happens via the ground (3P) or lowest excited (1D) state of oxygen. The results demonstrate the feasibility and advantage of crossed beams experiments for complete studies of photodetachment reactions.

L. S. Harbo; A. Becker; S. Dziarzhytski; C. Domesle; N. Guerassimova; A. Wolf; H. B. Pedersen

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

180

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quantum cryptography put to work for Quantum cryptography put to work for electric grid security February 14, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory quantum cryptography (QC) team successfully completed the first-ever demonstration of securing control data for electric grids using quantum cryptography. The demonstration was performed in the electric grid test bed that is part of the Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG) project at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) that was set up under the Department of Energy's Cyber Security for Energy Delivery Systems program in the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. Novel methods for controlling the electric grid are needed to accommodate new energy sources such as renewables whose availability can fluctuate on short time scales. This

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181

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Using laser-driven neutrons to stop Using laser-driven neutrons to stop nuclear smugglers June 4, 2013 Los Alamos shows first nuclear material detection by single short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers have successfully demonstrated for the first time that laser-generated neutrons can be enlisted as a useful tool in the War on Terror. The international research team in February used the short-pulse laser at Los Alamos's TRIDENT facility to generate a neutron beam with novel characteristics that interrogated a closed container to confirm the presence and quantity of nuclear material inside. The successful experiment paves the way for creation of a table-top-sized or truck-mounted - 2 - neutron generator that could be installed at strategic locations worldwide to thwart

182

Inscription of Thermally Durable Type IIA Gratings in B/Ge-codoped Optical Fibres Using 248nm, 500fs Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results on the inscription of Type IIA Bragg gratings in B-germanosilicate fibres using 248nm, 500fs laser radiation are presented. The gratings recorded exhibit index changes ?n?10-3,...

Violakis, George; Konstantaki, Maria; Pissadakis, Stavros

183

Intermolecular force and surface roughness models for air bearing simulations for sub-5 nm flying height sliders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the spacing between the slider and the disk is less than 5 nm, the intermolecular...2002...) can be view as a flat slider–disk intermolecular force model. The contact distance between the slider and disk nee...

Du Chen; David B. Bogy

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Photon-controlled fabrication of amorphous superlattice structures using ArF (193 nm) excimer laser photolysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pulsed ArF (193 nm) excimer laser photolysis of disilane, germane, and disilane-ammonia mixtures has been used to deposit amorphous superlattices containing silicon, germanium, and silicon nitride layers. Transmission electron microscope cross-section views demonstrate that structures having thin (5--25 nm) layers and sharp interlayer boundaries can be deposited at substrate temperatures below the pyrolytic threshold, entirely under laser photolytic control.

Lowndes, D.H.; Geohegan, D.B.; Eres, D.; Pennycook, S.J.; Mashburn, D.N.; Jellison G.E. Jr.

1988-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

185

Ytterbium-doped fibre laser tunable in the range 1017 - 1040 nm with second-harmonic generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fibre laser has been tuned to shorter emission wavelengths (from 1040 to 1017 nm). The laser output power obtained has been compared to calculation results. We have studied frequency doubling of the laser in a KTiOPO{sub 4} (KTP) crystal with type II phase matching in the XY plane and demonstrated wavelength tuning in the range 510 - 520 nm. (lasers)

Dontsova, E I; Kablukov, S I; Babin, Sergei A

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5 nm Marc Castaing,1,2, * François, 2008 For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, Yb:S-FAP crystals have been intracavity pumped by a Nd:YVO4 laser at 914 nm. This original pumping scheme allows efficient laser action on the three

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

187

Spectral irradiance model for tungsten halogen lamps in 340-850 nm wavelength range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a physical model for the spectral irradiance of 1 kW tungsten halogen incandescent lamps for the wavelength range 340-850 nm. The model consists of the Planck's radiation law, published values for the emissivity of tungsten, and a residual spectral correction function taking into account unknown factors of the lamp. The correction function was determined by measuring the spectra of a 1000 W, quartz-halogen, tungsten coiled filament (FEL) lamp at different temperatures. The new model was tested with lamps of types FEL and 1000 W, 120 V quartz halogen (DXW). Comparisons with measurements of two national standards laboratories indicate that the model can account for the spectral irradiance values of lamps with an agreement better than 1% throughout the spectral region studied. We further demonstrate that the spectral irradiance of a lamp can be predicted with an expanded uncertainty of 2.6% if the color temperature and illuminance values for the lamp are known with expanded uncertainties of 20 K and 2%, respectively. In addition, it is suggested that the spectral irradiance may be derived from resistance measurements of the filament with lamp on and off.

Ojanen, Maija; Kaerhae, Petri; Ikonen, Erkki

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

188

41.8-nm Xe8+ laser driven in a plasma waveguide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental demonstration of an optical field ionization short-wavelength laser driven in a gas-filled capillary-discharge waveguide is described in detail. Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses has previously been demonstrated with this type of waveguide for capillary discharges in hydrogen. For the present experiments xenon gas was mixed with the hydrogen, and strong lasing on the 4d95d-4d95p transition in Xe8+ at 41.8nm was observed. Under optimum conditions the short-wavelength laser output achieved with the waveguide was found to be greater than that from a Xe gas cell. Measurements of the transmission of the pump laser pulses through the waveguide show that the short-wavelength laser signal was greatest under conditions for which the pump laser pulses were well guided. Simulations of the propagation of the pump laser radiation are presented for a range of initial plasma conditions, and these indicate that the laser-plasma interaction length achieved was greatly increased compared to that which can be achieved in a gas cell.

A. Butler; A. J. Gonsalves; C. M. McKenna; D. J. Spence; S. M. Hooker; S. Sebban; T. Mocek; I. Betttaibi; B. Cros

2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

189

UV wavelengths are between 100-400nm They are widely used in the lab for cross-linking, microscopy, germicidal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for photolithography (365nm used primarily) · How to Limit Danger ­ Whenever you switch to use the fluorescent bulb

Cohen, Robert E.

190

Resist trimming technique in CF4/O2 high-density plasmas for sub-0.1 µm MOSFET fabrication using 248-nm lithography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resist trimming process using CF4/O2 has been developed for sub-0.1 µm polysilicon gate patterning using conventional 248-nm lithography. This process allows the successful fabrication of 80-nm MOS devices. The trimming step ... Keywords: 248-nm lithography, CF4/O2, critical dimension (CD), polycrystalline silicon (polysilicon), polysilicon gate, resist trimming

Chian-Yuh Sin; Bing-Hung Chen; W. L. Loh; J. Yu; P. Yelehanka; L. Chan

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information, (2) a web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries, (3) a fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water, and (4) a corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project has been focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collection of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 4000 entries for southeast New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the accuracy and speed of water quality data entry. (4) Acquisition of ground water data from the New Mexico State Engineer's office, including chloride content and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) for over 30,000 data points in southeast New Mexico. (5) Creation of a web-based scale prediction tool, again with a web-based interface, that uses two common scaling indices (Stiff-Davis and Oddo-Thomson) to predict the likelihood of scaling. This prediction tool can either run from user input data, or the user can select samples from the water analysis database. (6) Creation of depth-to-groundwater maps for the study area. (7) Analysis of water quality data by formation. (8) Continuation of efforts to collect produced water quality information from operators in the southeast New Mexico area. (9) Qualitative assessment of produced water from various formations regarding corrosivity. (10) Efforts at corrosion education in the region through operator visits. Future work on this project will include: (11) Development of an integrated web and GIS interface for all the information collected in this effort. (12) Continued development of a fuzzy logic spill risk assessment tool that was initially developed prior to this project. Improvements will include addition of parameters found to be significant in determining the impact of a brine spill at a specific site. (13) Cleanup and integration of water quality databases. (14) Compilation of both hard copy and online corrosion toolkit material.

Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung; Naomi Davidson; Ajeet Kumar Reddy; Mingzhen Wei

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) Databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information. (2) A web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries. (3) A fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water. (4) A corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project was focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collecting of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 7000 entries for New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the accuracy and speed of water quality data entry. (4) Acquisition of ground water data from the New Mexico State Engineer's office, including chloride content and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) for over 30,000 data points in southeast New Mexico. (5) Creation of a web-based scale prediction tool, again with a web-based interface, that uses two common scaling indices to predict the likelihood of scaling. This prediction tool can either run from user input data, or the user can select samples from the water analysis database. (6) Creation of depth-to-groundwater maps for the study area. (7) Analysis of water quality data by formation. (8) Continuation of efforts to collect produced water quality information from operators in the southeast New Mexico area. (9) Qualitative assessment of produced water from various formations regarding corrosivity. (10) Efforts at corrosion education in the region through operator visits. Future work on this project will include: (1) Development of an integrated web and GIS interface for all the information collected in this effort. (2) Continued development of a fuzzy logic spill risk assessment tool that was initially developed prior to this project. Improvements will include addition of parameters found to be significant in determining the impact of a brine spill at a specific site. (3) Compilation of both hard copy and online corrosion toolkit material.

Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

193

Creation of an ethanol-tolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain by 266 nm laser radiation and repetitive cultivation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laser radiation is an efficient approach for rapid improvement of industrial microbial phenotypes. To improve ethanol tolerance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains, a 266 nm laser radiation with the use of repetitive cultivation was explored in this work. After irradiated by 266 nm laser radiation and repetitive cultivation, a genetically stable SM4 strain was obtained. The SM4 strain could grow on YPD plate with extra 15% (v/v) ethanol. Moreover, the ethanol production performance of SM4 strain was 29.25% more than that of the wild type strain when they were cultivated in 5% (v/v) ethanol fermentation medium for 72 h. The DNA mutation was the possible characters for the phenotype of SM4 strain. Overall, the 266 nm laser radiation and repetitive cultivation approach might be a novel and useful for breeding fermentation microorganisms.

Min Zhang; Rongrong Zhu; Minfeng Zhang; Shilong Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Morphological Stability and Specific Resistivity of sub-10 nm Silicide Films of Ni1 xPtx on Si Substrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This letter studies the morphological stability and specific resistivity of sub-10 nm silicide films of Ni, Ni{sub 0.95}Pt{sub 0.05}, and Ni{sub 0.9}Pt{sub 0.1} formed on Si(100) substrate. When the deposited metal films are below 1 to 4 nm in thickness depending on the Pt content, the resultant silicide films tend to become epitaxially aligned to the Si substrate and hence exhibit an extraordinary morphological stability up to 800 C. The presence of Pt in the silicides increases the film resistivity through alloy scattering, but alleviates, owing to a reduced electron mean free path, the frequently encountered sharp increase in resistivity in the sub-10 nm regime.

Zhang, Z.; Zhang, S; Yang, B; Zhu, Y; Rossnagel, S; Gaudet, S; Kellock, A; Jordan-Sweet, J; Lavoie, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Electron Transport Behavior on Gate Length Scaling in Sub-50 nm GaAs Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Short channel GaAs Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (MESFETs) have been fabricated with gate length to 20 nm, in order to examine the characteristics of sub-50 nm MESFET scaling. Here the rise in the measured transconductance is mainly attributed to electron velocity overshoot. For gate lengths below 40 nm, however, the transconductance drops suddenly. The behavior of velocity overshoot and its degradation is investigated and simulated by using a transport model based on the retarded Langevin equation (RLE). This indicates the existence of a minimum acceleration length needed for the carriers to reach the overshoot velocity. The argument shows that the source resistance must be included as an internal element, or appropriate boundary condition, of relative importance in any model where the gate length is comparable to the inelastic mean free path of the carriers.

Han, Jaeheon [Department of Electronic Engineering, Kangnam University, 111 Gugal-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-city, Gyeonggi-do, Korea 446-702 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

196

Use of a dynamic simulation model to understand nitrogen cycling in the middle Rio Grande, NM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water quality often limits the potential uses of scarce water resources in semiarid and arid regions. To best manage water quality one must understand the sources and sinks of both solutes and water to the river system. Nutrient concentration patterns can identify source and sink locations, but cannot always determine biotic processes that affect nutrient concentrations. Modeling tools can provide insight into these large-scale processes. To address questions about large-scale nitrogen removal in the Middle Rio Grande, NM, we created a system dynamics nitrate model using an existing integrated surface water--groundwater model of the region to evaluate our conceptual models of uptake and denitrification as potential nitrate removal mechanisms. We modeled denitrification in groundwater as a first-order process dependent only on concentration and used a 5% denitrification rate. Uptake was assumed to be proportional to transpiration and was modeled as a percentage of the evapotranspiration calculated within the model multiplied by the nitrate concentration in the water being transpired. We modeled riparian uptake as 90% and agricultural uptake as 50% of the respective evapotranspiration rates. Using these removal rates, our model results suggest that riparian uptake, agricultural uptake and denitrification in groundwater are all needed to produce the observed nitrate concentrations in the groundwater, conveyance channels, and river as well as the seasonal concentration patterns. The model results indicate that a total of 497 metric tons of nitrate-N are removed from the Middle Rio Grande annually. Where river nitrate concentrations are low and there are no large nitrate sources, nitrate behaves nearly conservatively and riparian and agricultural uptake are the most important removal mechanisms. Downstream of a large wastewater nitrate source, denitrification and agricultural uptake were responsible for approximately 90% of the nitrogen removal.

Meixner, Tom (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Oelsner, Gretchen (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Brooks, Paul (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Roach, Jesse D.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Understanding the anomalous dispersion of doubly-ionized carbon plasmas near 47 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last several years we have predicted and observed plasmas with an index of refraction greater than one in the soft X-ray regime. These plasmas are usually a few times ionized and have ranged from low-Z carbon plasmas to mid-Z tin plasmas. Our main calculational tool has been the average atom code. We have recently observed C{sup 2+} plasmas with an index of refraction greater than one at a wavelength of 46.9 nm (26.44 eV). In this paper we compare the average atom method, AVATOMKG, against two more detailed methods, OPAL and CAK, for calculating the index of refraction for the carbon plasmas and discuss the different approximations used. We present experimental measurements of carbon plasmas that display this anomalous dispersion phenomenon. It is shown that the average atom calculation is a good approximation when the strongest lines dominate the dispersion. However, when weaker lines make a significant contribution, the more detailed calculations such as OPAL and CAK are essential. During the next decade X-ray free electron lasers and other X-ray sources will be available to probe a wider variety of plasmas at higher densities and shorter wavelengths so understanding the index of refraction in plasmas will be even more essential. With the advent of tunable X-ray lasers the frequency dependent interferometer measurements of the index of refraction may enable us to determine the absorption coefficients and line-shapes and make detailed comparisons against our atomic physics codes.

Nilsen, J; Castor, J I; Iglesias, C A; Cheng, K T; Dunn, J; Johnson, W R; Filevich, J; Purvis, M A; Grava, J; Rocca, J J

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

High-order harmonic generation in atomic hydrogen at 248 nm: Dipole-moment versus acceleration spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of the high-order harmonic-generation (HG) spectra of atomic hydrogen at 248 nm based on the Fourier transform of the expectation values of the induced dipole moment and acceleration. The calculations were performed by extending a...

Jiang, Tsin-Fu; Chu, Shih-I

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Changes in the Vibrational Population of SO(3-) from the Photodissociation of SO2 between 202 and 207 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

atmospheric trace species, formed primarily from coal combustion, but also from its spectroscopic behavior and 207 nm Bogdan R. Cosofret Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell UniVersity, Ithaca, New York 14853 Paul L. Houston* Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell Uni

Houston, Paul L.

200

Continuous-wave laser oscillation on the 1315 nm transition of atomic iodine pumped by O2,,a1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diagram of the flow tube setup is shown in Fig. 1. A radio-frequency rf electric discharge at 13.56 MHz nm transition of atomic iodine where the O2 a1 used to pump the iodine was produced by a radio-frequency operating between two internal hollow cathode electrodes was used as the excitation source. The plasma zone

Carroll, David L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Atomic absorption monitor for deposition process control of aluminum at 394 nm using frequency-doubled diode laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic absorption monitor for deposition process control of aluminum at 394 nm using frequency November 1995 A monitor for Al vapor density based on atomic absorption AA using a frequency of atomic absorption AA as a monitor for thickness and composition control in physical vapor deposi- tion

Fejer, Martin M.

202

Long-period fiber grating inscription under high-intensity 352 nm femtosecond irradiation: Three-photon absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-photon absorption and energy deposition in cladding Stephen A. Slattery, David N. Nikogosyan * Department of Physics-intensity 211 and 264 nm laser pulses. Three-photon absorption coefficients for pure fused silica in the fiber cladding and the core. It was shown that the deposition of the majority of the absorbed energy

Nikogosyan, David N.

203

2512 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 36, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2008 Experimental Investigation of 193-nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-initiated electron cascading plasma process begins when a pulsed laser beam is focused down to a small spatial domain of 193-nm Laser Breakdown in Air Magesh Thiyagarajan, Member, IEEE, and John E. Scharer, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--We present the measurements and analysis of laser- induced breakdown processes in dry

Scharer, John E.

204

A Twist-Bend Chiral Helix of 8nm Pitch in a Nematic Liquid Crystal of Achiral Molecular Dimers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Freeze Fracture Transmission Electron Microscopy (FFTEM) study of the nanoscale structure of the so-called "twist-bend" nematic (NX) phase of the cyanobiphenyl (CB) dimer molecule CB(CH2)7CB reveals a stripe texture of fluid layers periodically arrayed with a bulk spacing of d ~ 8.3 nm. Fluidity and a rigorously maintained spacing produce long-range-ordered fluid layered focal conic domains. Absence of a lamellar x-ray reflection at wavevector q ~ 2{\\pi}/8 nm-1 or its harmonics in synchrotron-based scattering experiments indicates that this periodic structure is achieved with no detectable associated modulation of the electron density, and thus has nematic molecular ordering. A search for periodic ordering with d ~ 8nm in CB(CH2)7CB using atomistic molecular dynamic computer simulation yielded equilibration of a conical twist-bend helixed nematic ground state, of the sort first proposed by Meyer, and envisioned in systems of bent molecules by Dozov and Memmer, We identify {\\theta} ~ 33 degree as the cone angle, and p ~ 8nm as the full pitch of the helix, the shortest ever found in a nematic fluid.

Dong Chen; Jan H. Porada; Justin B. Hooper; Arthur Klittnick; Yongqiang Shen; Eva Korblova; Dmitry Bedrov; David M. Walba; Matthew A. Glaser; Joseph E. Maclennan; Noel A. Clark

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

205

Dynamics of laser-produced Sn-based plasmas for a monochromatic 13.5 nm extreme ultraviolet source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the critical density, a narrower EUV x-ray spectrum and a higher conversion efficiency from laserDynamics of laser-produced Sn-based plasmas for a monochromatic 13.5 nm extreme ultraviolet source-0417 ABSTRACT Dynamics of laser-produced Sn-based plasmas were investigated for a monochromatic EUV lithography

Najmabadi, Farrokh

206

Power Supply Optimization in Sub-130 nm Leakage Dominant Technologies Man L Mui Kaustav Banerjee Amit Mehrotra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

behaviour as a function of power supply and temperature. We use these models to calculate the full, it is essential to control the leakage power and the temperature of the die. One viable method for optimizingPower Supply Optimization in Sub-130 nm Leakage Dominant Technologies Man L Mui Kaustav Banerjee

207

South Of Espanola; North Of Pojoaque At Intersection of NM399 and US 84/285 Turn onto 399(WSW),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be on your left, Go to third house on right (#18 on fence), 1.5 story adobe with passive solar Windows facing at Affordable Price Or Possible Lease or Lease to Purchase 18 Terrace Farm Rd LaMesilla, NM 2 story passive the Puye Ruins on Santa Clara Pueblo. House is oriented with huge solar windows facing due south toward

Kurien, Susan

208

Structural, electronic transport and magnetoresistance of a 142nm lead telluride nanowire synthesized using stress-induced growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, structurally uniform single crystalline PbTe nanowires (NWs) were synthesized using a stress-induced growth. Selected-area electron diffraction patterns show that the PbTe NWs were grown along the [100] direction. The electrical conductivity ? of a NW with 142 nm in diameter exhibited a semiconducting behavior at 50–300 K. An enhancement of electrical conductivity ? up to 2383 S m{sup ?1} at 300 K is much higher than ? [0.44–1526 S m{sup ?1}, Chen et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, p023115, (2013)] in previous studies. The room temperature magnetoresistance of the 142 nm NW was ?0.8% at B = 2 T, which is considerably higher than that [0.2% at B = 2 T, Ovsyannikov et al., Sol. State Comm. 126, 373, (2003)] of the PbTe bulk reported.

Dedi, E-mail: dediamada@phys.sinica.edu.tw, E-mail: cheny2@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China) [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Electronics and Telecommunication, Indonesian Institute of Sciences Bandung (Indonesia); Chien, Chia-Hua [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China) [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Hsiung, Te-Chih [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Chen, Yu-Chieh; Huang, Yi-Cheng; Lee, Ping-Chung; Chen, Yang-Yuan, E-mail: dediamada@phys.sinica.edu.tw, E-mail: cheny2@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Lee, Chih-Hao [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Homogeneous pinhole free 1 nm Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} tunnel barriers on graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the topographical and electrical characterisations of 1 nm thick Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} dielectric films on graphene. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} is grown by sputtering a 0.6 nm Al layer on graphene and subsequentially oxidizing it in an O{sub 2} atmosphere. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer presents no pinholes and is homogeneous enough to act as a tunnel barrier. A resistance-area product in the mega-ohm micrometer-square range is found. Comparatively, the growth of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} by evaporation does not lead to well-wetted films on graphene. Application of this high quality sputtered tunnel barrier to efficient spin injection in graphene is discussed.

Dlubak, B.; Martin, M.-B.; Deranlot, C.; Bouzehouane, K.; Fusil, S.; Mattana, R.; Petroff, F.; Anane, A.; Seneor, P.; Fert, A. [Unite Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales, 91767 Palaiseau (France) and University of Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France)

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

210

Systematic investigation of self-absorption and conversion efficiency of 6.7 nm extreme ultraviolet sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the dependence of the spectral behavior and conversion efficiencies of rare-earth plasma extreme ultraviolet sources with peak emission at 6.7 nm on laser wavelength and the initial target density. The maximum conversion efficiency was 1.3% at a laser intensity of 1.6x10{sup 12} W/cm{sup 2} at an operating wavelength of 1064 nm, when self-absorption was reduced by use of a low initial density target. Moreover, the lower-density results in a narrower spectrum and therefore improved spectral purity. It is shown to be important to use a low initial density target and/or to produce low electron density plasmas for efficient extreme ultraviolet sources when using high-Z targets.

Otsuka, Takamitsu; Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru; Yatagai, Toyohiko [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences and Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Kilbane, Deirdre; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 Japan (Japan); Endo, Akira [Forschungszentrum Dresden, Bautzner Landstrs. 400, Dresden D-01328 (Germany)

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

211

Demonstration of a 10-Hz Femtosecond-Pulse-Driven XUV Laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the observation of a gain of approximately exp11 at 41.8 nm in 8-times-ionized xenon. This extreme ultraviolet (XUV) laser is driven by a 10-Hz, 70-mJ circularly polarized femtosecond laser pulse. The laser is focused into Xe at pressures ranging from 5 to 12 torr. The laser is collisionally excited, with both the ions and electrons produced by field induced tunneling.

B. E. Lemoff; G. Y. Yin; C. L. Gordon III; C. P. J. Barty; S. E. Harris

1995-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

212

Transportation of a 451 ton generator stator and a 234 ton generator rotor from Hartsville, TN, to Los Alamos, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 1430 MVA steam turbine generator was acquired from a cancelled nuclear power plant in Tennessee to be used as the pulsed power and energy storage unit for the Confinement Physics Research Facility being built at Los Alamos, NM. The transportation from Hartsville, near Nashville, TN, to Los Alamos, NM, of the two largest single pieces of the generator, a 451 t stator and a 234 t rotor presented a special challenge. Details of the move, by barge from Hartsville to Catoosa, near Tulsa, OK, by rail from Catoosa to Lamy, near Santa Fe, NM, and by road from Lamy to Los Alamos are described. The greatest difficulty of the successful move was the crossing of the Rio Grande river on an existing reinforced concrete bridge. The two-lane wide road transporters for the stator and rotor were fitted with outriggers to provide a four-lane wide vehicle, thus spreading the load over the entire bridge width and meeting acceptable load distribution and bridge safety factors. 2 refs., 6 figs.

Boenig, H.J.; Rogers, J.D.; McLelland, G.R.; Pelts, C.T. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); McLelland Engineering, Dallas, TX (USA); Reliance Crane and Rigging, Inc., Phoenix, AZ (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

High-average-power, 100-Hz-repetition-rate, tabletop soft-x-ray lasers at sub-15-nm wavelengths  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient excitation of dense plasma columns at 100-Hz repetition rate using a tailored pump pulse profile produced a tabletop soft-x-ray laser average power of 0.1 mW at = 13.9 nm and 20 W at = 11.9 nm from transitions of Ni-like Ag and Ni-like Sn, respectively. Lasing on several other transitions with wavelengths between 10.9 and 14.7 nm was also obtained using 0.9-J pump pulses of 5-ps duration from a compact diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification Yb:YAG laser. Hydrodynamic and atomic plasma simulations show that the pump pulse profile, consisting of a nanosecond ramp followed by two peaks of picosecond duration, creates a plasma with an increased density of Ni-like ions at the time of peak temperature that results in a larger gain coefficient over a temporally and spatially enlarged space leading to a threefold increase in the soft-x-ray laser output pulse energy. The high average power of these compact soft-x-ray lasers will enable applications requiring high photon flux. These results open the path to milliwatt-average-power tabletop soft-x-ray lasers.

Reagan, Brendon [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL] [ORNL; Wernsing, Keith [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Baumgarten, Cory [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Woolston, Mark [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Rocca, Jorge [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser-induced-damage characteristics of commercial indium-tin oxide (ITO) films deposited by DC magnetron sputtering deposition on K9 glass substrates as a function of the film thickness have been studied at 1064 nm with a 10 ns laser pulse in the 1-on-1 mode, and the various mechanisms for thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold (LIDT) of the film have been discussed in detail. It is observed that laser-damage-resistance of ITO film shows dramatic thickness effect with the LIDT of the 50-nm ITO film 7.6 times as large as the value of 300 nm film, and the effect of depressed carrier density by decreasing the film thickness is demonstrated to be the primary reason. Our experiment findings indicate that searching transparent conductive oxide (TCO) film with low carrier density and high carrier mobility is an efficient technique to improve the laser-damage-resistance of TCO films based on maintaining their well electric conductivity.

Wang Haifeng; Huang Zhimeng; Zhang Dayong; Luo Fei; Huang Lixian; Li Yanglong; Luo Yongquan; Wang Weiping; Zhao Xiangjie [Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

The forbidden 1082 nm line of sulphur: the photospheric abundance of sulphur in the Sun and 3D effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sulphur is an element which is formed in the alpha-process and is easily measured in the gaseous phase in external galaxies. Since it does not form dust, it is the preferred indicator for alpha-elements, rather than Si or Mg, for which dust corrections are necessary. The measurement of the sulphur abundance in stars is not an easy task, relying mainly on high excitation lines with non-negligible deviations from LTE. The 1082 nm sulphur forbidden transition is less sensitive to departures from LTE and is less dependent on temperature uncertainties than other sulphur lines usually employed as abundance indicators. Therefore it should provide a more robust abundance diagnostics. aims: To derive the solar photospheric abundance of sulphur from the 1082 nm [SI] line and to investigate 3D effects present in G- and F-type atmospheres at solar and lower metallicity. method: High-resolution, high signal-to-noise solar intensity and flux spectra were used to measure the sulphur abundance from the [SI] 1082 nm line. co5bold hydrodynamical model atmospheres were applied to predict 3D abundance corrections for the [SI] line. results: The solar sulphur abundance is derived to be 7.15+- (0.01)stat +- (0.05)sys, where the statistical uncertainty represents the scatter in the determination using four different solar spectra and the systematic uncertainty is due to the modelling of the blending lines. Sulphur abundances obtained from this line are insensitive to the micro-turbulence. 3D abundance corrections, found from strictly differential comparisons between 1D and 3D models, are negligible in the Sun, but become sizable for more metal-poor dwarfs.

Elisabetta Caffau; Hans-Guenter Ludwig

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

The effect of viewing angle on the spectral behavior of a Gd plasma source near 6.7 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated the effect of viewing angle on the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emission spectra of gadolinium (Gd) near 6.7 nm. The spectra are shown to have a strong dependence on viewing angle when produced with a laser pulse duration of 10 ns, which may be attributed to absorption by low ion stages of Gd and an angular variation in the ion distribution. Absorption effects are less pronounced at a 150-ps pulse duration due to reduced opacity resulting from plasma expansion. Thus for evaluating source intensity, it is necessary to allow for variation with both viewing angle and target orientation.

O'Gorman, Colm; Li Bowen; Cummins, Thomas; Dunne, Padraig; Sokell, Emma; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Yugami, Noboru; Higashiguchi, Takeshi [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Jiang Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Okubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

217

Tri-material multilayer coatings with high reflectivity and wide bandwidth for 25 to 50 nm extreme ultraviolet light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnesium/silicon carbide (Mg/SiC) multilayers have been fabricated with normal incidence reflectivity in the vicinity of 40% to 50% for wavelengths in the 25 to 50 nm wavelength range. However many applications, for example solar telescopes and ultrafast studies using high harmonic generation sources, desire larger bandwidths than provided by high reflectivity Mg/SiC multilayers. We investigate introducing a third material, Scandium, to create a tri-material Mg/Sc/SiC multilayer allowing an increase the bandwidth while maintaining high reflectivity.

Aquila, Andrew; Salmassi, Farhad; Liu, Yanwei; Gullikson, Eric M.

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

218

Highly accurate Michelson type wavelength meter that uses a rubidium stabilized 1560 nm diode laser as a wavelength reference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the accuracy limitation of a wavelength meter installed in a vacuum chamber to enable us to develop a highly accurate meter based on a Michelson interferometer in 1550 nm optical communication bands. We found that an error of parts per million order could not be avoided using famous wavelength compensation equations. Chromatic dispersion of the refractive index in air can almost be disregarded when a 1560 nm wavelength produced by a rubidium (Rb) stabilized distributed feedback (DFB) diode laser is used as a reference wavelength. We describe a novel dual-wavelength self-calibration scheme that maintains high accuracy of the wavelength meter. The method uses the fundamental and second-harmonic wavelengths of an Rb-stabilized DFB diode laser. Consequently, a highly accurate Michelson type wavelength meter with an absolute accuracy of 5x10{sup -8} (10 MHz, 0.08 pm) over a wide wavelength range including optical communication bands was achieved without the need for a vacuum chamber.

Masuda, Shin; Kanoh, Eiji; Irisawa, Akiyoshi; Niki, Shoji

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Cryogenic ion implantation near amorphization threshold dose for halo/extension junction improvement in sub-30 nm device technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on junction advantages of cryogenic ion implantation with medium current implanters. We propose a methodical approach on maximizing cryogenic effects on junction characteristics near the amorphization threshold doses that are typically used for halo implants for sub-30 nm technologies. BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant at a dose of 8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13}cm{sup -2} does not amorphize silicon at room temperature. When implanted at -100 Degree-Sign C, it forms a 30 - 35 nm thick amorphous layer. The cryogenic BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant significantly reduces the depth of the boron distribution, both as-implanted and after anneals, which improves short channel rolloff characteristics. It also creates a shallower n{sup +}-p junction by steepening profiles of arsenic that is subsequently implanted in the surface region. We demonstrate effects of implant sequences, germanium preamorphization, indium and carbon co-implants for extension/halo process integration. When applied to sequences such as Ge+As+C+In+BF{sub 2}{sup +}, the cryogenic implants at -100 Degree-Sign C enable removal of Ge preamorphization, and form more active n{sup +}-p junctions and steeper B and In halo profiles than sequences at room temperature.

Park, Hugh; Todorov, Stan; Colombeau, Benjamin; Rodier, Dennis; Kouzminov, Dimitry; Zou Wei; Guo Baonian; Khasgiwale, Niranjan; Decker-Lucke, Kurt [Applied Materials, Varian Semiconductor Equipment, 35 Dory Road, Gloucester, Massachusetts 01930 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

220

Seedless Polyol Synthesis and CO Oxidation Activity of Monodisperse (111) and (100)-Oriented Rhodium Nanocrystals in Sub-10 nm Sizes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monodisperse sub-10 nm (6.5 nm) sized Rh nanocrystals with (111) and (100) surface structures were synthesized by a seedless polyol reduction in ethylene glycol, with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) as a capping ligand. When using [Rh(Ac){sub 2}]{sub 2} as the metal precursor, (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra containing 76% (111)-twined hexagons (in 2D projection) were obtained; whereas, when employing RhCl{sub 3} as the metal precursor in the presence of alkylammonium bromide, such as tetramethylammonium bromide and trimethyl(tetradecyl)ammonium bromide, (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were obtained with 85% selectivity. The {l_brace}100{r_brace} faces of the Rh nanocrystals are stabilized by chemically adsorbed Br{sup -} ions from alkylammonium bromides, which led to (100)-oriented nanocubes. Monolayer films of the (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra and (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were deposited on silicon wafers in a Langmuir-Blodgett trough to make model 2D nanoarray catalysts. These nanocatalysts were active for CO oxidation by O{sub 2}, and the turnover frequency was independent of nanoparticle shape, consistent with that previously observed for Rh(111) and Rh(100) single crystals.

Zhang, Yawen; Grass, Michael E.; Huang, Wenyu; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

EFFECTS OF UNRESOLVED MAGNETIC FIELD ON Fe I 617.3 AND 630.2 nm LINE SHAPES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contribution of the quiet Sun to solar irradiance variability, either due to changes of the solar effective temperature or to the presence of unresolved magnetic field, is still poorly understood. In this study we investigate spectral line diagnostics that are sensitive to both temperature variations and the presence of small-scale unresolved magnetic features in these areas of the solar atmosphere. Specifically, we study the dependence on the magnetic flux density of three parameters describing the shape of two magnetically sensitive Fe I lines, at 630.2 nm and 617.3 nm, namely the line core intensity (IC), the FWHM, and the equivalent width (EQW). To this end we analyze observations of active region NOAA 11172, acquired with Interferometric Bidimensional Spectrometer at the Dunn Solar Telescope, as well as results from numerical synthesis. Our results show that IC is sensitive to both temperature and magnetic flux density variations, FWHM is mostly affected by magnetic field changes, and EQW is mostly sensitive to temperature. Variations of a few percent of the measured line parameters are found in observational data that were spatially degraded to represent quiet-Sun, disk-center, medium-resolution observations. It is therefore possible to disentangle magnetic from pure thermodynamic effects by the comparison of temporal variations of the EQW and the FWHM of either of the two Fe I lines.

Criscuoli, S.; Ermolli, I.; Giorgi, F. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00040 Monte Porzio Catone (Italy)] [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00040 Monte Porzio Catone (Italy); Uitenbroek, H. [National Solar Observatory, Sacramento Peak, P.O. Box 62, Sunpsot, NM 88349 (United States)] [National Solar Observatory, Sacramento Peak, P.O. Box 62, Sunpsot, NM 88349 (United States)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

Toward the development of a soft x-ray reflection imaging microscope in the Schwarzschild configuration using a soft x-ray laser at 18. 2 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the recent results obtained from a soft X-ray reflection imaging microscope in the Schwarzschild configuration. The microscope demonstrated a spatial resolution of 0.7 {mu}m with a magnification of 16 at 18.2 nm. The soft X-ray laser at 18.2 nm was used as an X-ray source. Mo/Si multilayers were coated on the Schwarzschild optics and the normal incidence reflectivity at 18.2 nm per surface was measured to be {approximately} 20 %. 18 refs., 6 figs.

Dicicco, D.; Rosser, R. (Princeton X-Ray Laser, Inc., Monmouth Junction, NJ (United States)); Kim, D.; Suckewer, S. (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

ZERH Training: Albuquerque, NM  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home is a high performance home which is so energy efficient, that a renewable energy system can offset all or most of its annual energy Consumption.US DOE Zero Energy...

224

Saturated Amplification of a Collisionally Pumped Optical-Field-Ionization Soft X-Ray Laser at 41.8 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the first saturated amplification of an optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser. The amplifying medium is generated by focusing a circularly polarized 330-mJ, 35-fs, 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system in a few-mm cell filled with xenon. A gain of 67 cm -1 on the 4d95p-4d95d transition at 41.8 nm in Pd-like xenon and a gain-length product of 15 have been inferred at saturation. This source delivers about 5×109 photons per pulse. The influence of the pumping energy and the laser polarization on the lasing output are also presented.

S. Sebban; R. Haroutunian; Ph. Balcou; G. Grillon; A. Rousse; S. Kazamias; T. Marin; J. P. Rousseau; L. Notebaert; M. Pittman; J. P. Chambaret; A. Antonetti; D. Hulin; D. Ros; A. Klisnick; A. Carillon; P. Jaeglé; G. Jamelot; J. F. Wyart

2001-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

225

A polarized neutron reflectometry study of the spin glass freezing in a 29 nm thick AuFe film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We performed polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) experiments on a 29 nm thick Au93Fe7 film in a temperature range from 295 K down to 2 K in a vertical magnetic field up to 6 T. These high-field experiments were performed on the C5 spectrometer in Chalk River, Canada, using a split-pair cryomagnet. The magnetization as determined by PNR can be described with a Brillouin function from 295 K down to 50 K assuming the magnetic moment of isolated Fe atoms, i.e. 4 ? B per Fe atom. Below 50 K the onset of the spin-glass freezing is observed as a strong deviation from this Brillouin type behavior of isolated atoms.

H. Fritzsche; M. Saoudi; K. Temst; C. Van Haesendonck

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Room-Temperature Silicon Nitrides Prepared with Very High Rates (>50 nm/s) in Atmospheric-Pressure Very High-Frequency Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the structure and stability of SiN x ...films deposited with very high rates (>50 nm/s) in atmospheric-pressure (AP) He-based plasma excited by a 150 MHz ver...

Hiroaki Kakiuchi; Hiromasa Ohmi; Kei Nakamura…

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Cooler-less and heat-sink free 980nm pump laser diode module wavelength-stabilized from -40 to 100 °C  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cooler-less 200mW kink free 980nm LD module was developed. Center wavelength was locked and unnecessary modes were suppressed from -40 to 100 deg. C. under low heat dissipation...

Irie, Yuichiro; Koseki, Takashi; Minamino, Masayuki; Miyokawa, Jun; Nishikata, Kevin; Koiso, Takeshi; Yamagata, Yuji; Ikegami, Yoshikazu

228

Spatial coherence measurements of a 13.2 nm transient nickel-like cadmium soft x-ray laser pumped at grazing incidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. Nishihara, “Spatial Coherence Measurement of 13.9 nm Ni-Transverse spatial coherence of a transient nickellikeanalysis of x-ray laser coherence”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 16.

Lui, Y.; Wang, Y.; Larotonda, M.A.; Luther, B.M.; Rocca, J.J.; Attwood, D.T.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

All-optical memory operation of 980-nm polarization bistable VCSEL for 20-Gb/s PRBS RZ and 40-Gb/s NRZ data signals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fastest known operation of all-optical flip-flop memory was experimentally demonstrated using a 980-nm polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL)....

Sakaguchi, Jun; Katayama, Takeo; Kawaguchi, Hitoshi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Analysis of the efficiency of using 1265-nm cw laser radiation for initiating oxidative stress in the tissue of a solid malignant tumour  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of laser initiation of oxidative stress was studied by the example of the tumour tissue of cervix. The laser facility with the operating wavelength 1265 nm that falls within the region of resonance absorption of molecular oxygen was used for initiation. The source of radiation in the experiments was a fibre SRS laser with the repeated cascade conversion of radiation of a 1125-nm ytterbium laser. (optical fibres, lasers and amplifiers. properties and applications)

Gening, T P; Voronova, O S; Dolgova, D R; Abakumova, T V; Zolotovskii, Igor' O; Sholokhov, E M; Kurkov, Andrei S; Gening, S O

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

231

Electric resistance and magnetoresistance of a two-layer epitaxial heterostructure (30 nm)La0.67Ca0.33MnO3/(30 nm)La0.67Ba0.33MnO3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two-layer epitaxial heterostructures (30 nm)La0.67Ca0.33MnO3/(30 nm)La0.67Ba0.33MnO3 (LCMO/LBMO) have been grown by laser deposition on single crystal (001)LaAlO3 (LAO) substrates. In this system, the upper (LCMO...

Yu. A. Boikov; V. A. Danilov

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Comparison of the processes induced by nitrogen dilution on the photodissociation of silane and disilane at 193 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compare the influence of the dilution of silane and disilane in nitrogen during laser photodissociation to produce silicon at 193 nm, at room temperature in a static reaction chamber. The experimental results show that the conversion of the reactant gas and its deposition yield can be controlled by varying adequately the extent of dilution. So, two total pressure regions have been observed, independent of the dilution: below 40–50 Torr, the variations of stable species concentration are very important but above these values the variation in the dilution rate has practically no effects on their concentrations. In the first region, during the silane photodissociation at the initial reactant pressure below 5 Torr, the conversion of silane increases with increasing dilution, and at higher initial reactant pressure the conversion of silane tends to rise only a little. In contrast, at any initial reactant pressure, the conversion of disilane during its photodecomposition decreases with increasing dilution. In the second region, the concentration of each stable gaseous species tends to reach a pressure stationary-state. For both the silane and disilane photodissociation, the deposition yield of silicon increases with decreasing the initial reactant gas pressure and it reaches a pressure stationary-state above 50% dilution; but in all the cases, it is greater in disilane photolysis than that of silane. A simple kinetic model is proposed for which the computed results predict the time-evolution of gas composition and amount of silicon deposited.

B. Aka; E. Boch

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

High rate (?3 nm/s) deposition of dense silicon nitride films at low substrate temperatures (plasma and substrate biasing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The deposition of amorphous silicon nitride (a-SiNx:H) films at high deposition rates (?3 nm/s) and at low substrate temperatures (plasma technique operated on an Ar–NH3–SiH4 reactant mixture. To increase the atomic density of the films by ion bombardment, low frequency (lf, 400 kHz) and radio-frequency (rf, 13.6 MHz) substrate biasing has been employed during deposition such that the ions are accelerated towards the substrate up to energies of ?250 eV. From spectroscopic ellipsometry and Rutherford backscattering measurements, it is demonstrated that the film density increases with increasing substrate bias even under these high deposition rate conditions. An increase in film atomic density from 7.6×1022 cm?3 to 8.8×1022 cm?3 has been observed for rf biasing when going from almost zero substrate bias to a bias voltage of ?250 V. It is shown that this increased film density reduces the oxygen content in the a-SiNx:H caused by post-deposition oxygen and/or moisture permeation by more than 50%.

F.J.H. van Assche; W.M.M. Kessels; R. Vangheluwe; W.S. Mischke; M. Evers; M.C.M. van de Sanden

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Modeling of clusters in a strong 248-nm laser field by a three-dimensional relativistic molecular dynamic model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A relativistic time-dependent three-dimensional particle simulation model has been developed to study the interaction of intense ultrashort KrF (248 nm) laser pulses with small Xe clusters. The trajectories of the electrons and ions are treated classically according to the relativistic equation of motion. The model has been applied to a different regime of ultrahigh intensities extending to 10{sup 21} W/cm{sup 2}. In particular, the behavior of the interaction with the clusters from intensities of {approx}10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2} to intensities sufficient for a transition to the so-called 'collective oscillation model' has been explored. At peak intensities below 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}, all electrons are removed from the cluster and form a plasma. It is found that the 'collective oscillation model' commences at intensities in excess of 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}, the range that can be reached in stable relativistic channels. At these high intensities, the magnetic field has a profound effect on the shape and trajectory of the electron cloud. Specifically, the electrons are accelerated to relativistic velocities with energies exceeding 1 MeV in the direction of laser propagation and the magnetic field distorts the shape of the electron cloud to give the form of a pancake.

Petrov, G.M.; Davis, J.; Velikovich, A.L.; Kepple, P.C.; Dasgupta, A.; Clark, R.W. [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Borisov, A.B.; Boyer, K.; Rhodes, C.K. [Laboratory for X-Ray Microimaging and Bioinformatics, Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607-7059 (United States)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Soft X-ray reflectivity and structure evaluation of CoCr/C multilayer X-ray mirrors for spectral region around 6 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of highly-reflective multilayer mirrors for use in the 6-nm region is desired for X-ray photoemission spectroscopy for inner-shell excitation using a Schwarzschild objective. For this application, reflectivity is the most critical parameter determining the performance of multilayer mirrors, because the reflectivities of multilayers in the 6-nm region are generally very low. We have designed CoCr/C multilayer mirrors with a comparatively high reflectivity at around normal incidence and have fabricated them by magnetron sputtering. The measured peak reflectivity is about 11.5% at a wavelength of around 6 nm and an incident angle of 88°. Thermal annealing was found to markedly improve the reflectivity, and a high value of 13% was obtained by annealing at 400 in an Ar atmosphere for 1 h.

H. Takenaka; K. Nagai; H. Ito; Y. Muramatsu; T. Kawamura; E. Gullikson; R.C.C. Perera

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Low resistivity Ga-doped ZnO thin films of less than 100 nm thickness prepared by ion plating with direct current arc discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low resistivity Ga-doped ZnO films were prepared on a glass substrate by ion plating with direct current arc discharge. Thickness dependent changes in the electrical properties of the films are reported, focusing on the thin films of less than 100 nm thickness. Structural analyses showed that the thinnest film of 30 nm thickness consists of well-oriented columnar grains normal to the substrate, and the resistivity was as low as 4.4x10{sup -4} {omega} cm. The changes in lattice strain and c-axis fluctuation with the growth of grains are also shown to be associated with the electrical properties.

Yamada, Takahiro; Miyake, Aki; Kishimoto, Seiichi; Makino, Hisao; Yamamoto, Naoki; Yamamoto, Tetsuya [Kochi University of Technology, 185, Miyanokuchi, Tosayamada, Kami, Kochi 782-8502 (Japan)

2007-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

237

Application of an all-solid-state, frequency-doubled Nd:YAP laser to the generation of twin beams at 1080 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A laser-diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YAP/KTP laser is presented. Over 110 mw of TEM00 single-frequency output power at 540-nm wavelength was obtained. The output green laser was employed to pump a semimonolithic nondegenerate optical parametric oscillator to produce intensity quantum correlated twin beams at 1080 nm, and the maximum quantum noise squeezing of 74 %(5.9 dB) on the intensity difference fluctuation between the twin beams is observed. The threshold was reduced and the stability was increased significantly when compared with similar lamp-pumped systems.

Ruixiang Guo; Julien Laurat; Jiangrui Gao; Changde Xie; Kunchi Peng

2005-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

238

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F. Parsons, D. E. Szpunar, and L. J. Butler*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F investigated the emission spectroscopy of allyl iodide, CH2dCHCH2I, and allyl alcohol, CH2dCHCH2- OH, excited). The emission spectrum is dominated by activity in the CH2 wag and the CdC stretch, reflecting the dynamics

Butler, Laurie J.

239

H-atom high-n Rydberg time-of-flight spectroscopy of CH bond fission in acrolein dissociated at 193 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H-atom high-n Rydberg time-of-flight spectroscopy of C­H bond fission in acrolein dissociated-atom velocity distribution from one- and multiple-photon dissociation processes in acrolein following excitation at 193 nm. The one-photon H-atom signal is dominated by primary C­H bond fission in acrolein. We compare

Butler, Laurie J.

240

Direct atomic flux measurement of electron-beam evaporated yttrium with a diode-laser-based atomic absorption monitor at 668 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a diode-laser-based atomic absorption AA monitor at 668 nm. Atomic number density and velocity were measured through absorption and Doppler shift measurements to provide the atomic flux. The AA previously developed diode-laser-based atomic absorption AA monitors for atomic density measurements

Fejer, Martin M.

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A study of the ground and excited states of Al3 and Al3 Computational analysis of the 488 nm anion photoelectron spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study of the ground and excited states of Al3 and Al3 - . II. Computational analysis of the 488 nm anion photoelectron spectrum and a reconsideration of the Al3 bond dissociation energy Stephen R-lying excited electronic states of Al3 - and Al3 and compared with the available spectroscopic data

Truhlar, Donald G

242

Sub-50 nm high aspect-ratio silicon pillars, ridges, and trenches fabricated using ultrahigh resolution electron beam lithography and reactive ion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-ethoxyethanol and methanol. Cr, 50 nm thick, was then deposited via electron beam evaporation at a rate of 0.1 n of Cl,, SiCl,, and He gases were tested. Chlorine was used because it has been shown to produce vertical sidewalls4 due to the ion assisted etching mecha- nism," but has the drawback of producing trenches

243

Seasonal variability in the vertical attenuation coefficient at 490 nm (K490) in waters around Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ecosystems. KEYWORDS: Water Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient, Kd, Remote Sensing, Ocean Color, Puerto Rico, US this affected sediment resuspension, intense water column mixing, and increased delivery of terrestrialSeasonal variability in the vertical attenuation coefficient at 490 nm (K490) in waters around

Gilbes, Fernando

244

Reclamation Rural Water Act 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Desalination and Renewable Energy 71 Reclamation Rural Water Act: Southwestern Navajo Rural Water Supply researching new techniques for using renewable energy for desalination in an off grid setting. Kevin Black SrReclamation Rural Water Act 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking

Johnson, Eric E.

245

Electric resistance and magnetoresistance of 30-nm-Thick La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 films elastically compressed in the (110) plane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied the structure, electric resistance, and magnetoresistance of 30-nm-thick (...0.67Ca0.33MnO3 (LCMO) films grown by laser deposition on (001)-oriented LaAlO3 substrates. The unit cell parameters a a...

Yu. A. Boikov; M. P. Volkov

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Near-resonance enhanced O2 detection for dual-broadband pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with an ultraviolet-visible setup at 266 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broadband and dual-broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) are widely established tools for nonintrusive gas diagnostics. Up to now the investigations have been mainly performed for electronic nonresonant conditions of the gas species of interest. We report on the enhancement of the O2-N2 detection limit of dual-broadband pure rotational CARS by shifting the wavelength of the narrowband pump laser from the commonly used 532-266 nm. This enhancement is caused when the Schumann-Runge absorption band is approached near 176 nm. The principal concept of this experiment, i.e., covering the Raman resonance with a single- or dual-broadband combination of lasers in the visible range and moving only the narrowband probe laser near or directly into electronic resonant conditions in the UV range, should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of minority species. To quantify the enhancement in O2 sensitivity, comparative measurements at both a 266 and a 532 nm narrowband pump laser wavelength are presented, employing a 4-dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethylaminostyryl)-4H-pyram (DCM) dye laser as a broadband laser source at 635 nm. An increase of approximately 13% in the ratio of the rotational CARS cross sections of O2 and N2 was obtained. The broad spectral width of the CARS excitation profile was approximately equal for both setups. Further enhancement should be achievable by shifting the narrowband pump laser closer toward 176 nm, for example, with a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator or an excimer laser. The principal concept of this experiment should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects of the narrowband pump laser with electronic transitions of minority species for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of those species.

Schenk, Martin; Seeger, Thomas; Leipertz, Alfred

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

High-Resolution PFPE-based Molding Techniques for Nanofabrication of High-Pattern Density, Sub-20nm Features: A Fundamental Materials Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several perfluoropolyether (PFPE)-based elastomers for high-resolution replica molding applications are explored. The modulus of the elastomeric materials was increased through synthetic and additive approaches while maintaining relatively low surface tension values (<25 mN/m). Using large area (>4 in.{sup 2}) master templates, we experimentally show the relationship between mold resolution and material properties such as modulus and surface tension for materials used in this study. A composite mold approach was used to form flexible molds out of stiff, high modulus materials that allow for replication of sub-20 nm post structures. Sub-100 nm line grating master templates, formed using e-beam lithography, were used to determine the experimental stability of the molding materials. It was observed that as the feature spacing decreased, high modulus PFPE tetramethacrylate (TMA) composite molds were able to effectively replicate the nanograting structures without cracking or tear-out defects that typically occur with high modulus elastomers.

Williams, Stuart S.; Retterer, Scott; Lopez, Rene; Ruiz, Ricardo; Samulski, Edward T.; DeSimone, Joseph M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Demonstrating 1 nm-oxide-equivalent-thickness HfO{sub 2}/InSb structure with unpinning Fermi level and low gate leakage current density  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the band alignment, interface, and electrical characteristics of HfO{sub 2}/InSb metal-oxide-semiconductor structure have been investigated. By using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, the conduction band offset of 1.78 ± 0.1 eV and valence band offset of 3.35 ± 0.1 eV have been extracted. The transmission electron microscopy analysis has shown that HfO{sub 2} layer would be a good diffusion barrier for InSb. As a result, 1 nm equivalent-oxide-thickness in the 4 nm HfO{sub 2}/InSb structure has been demonstrated with unpinning Fermi level and low leakage current of 10{sup ?4} A/cm{sup ?2}. The D{sub it} value of smaller than 10{sup 12} eV{sup ?1}cm{sup ?2} has been obtained using conduction method.

Trinh, Hai-Dang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Lin, Yueh-Chin; Nguyen, Hong-Quan; Luc, Quang-Ho [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Nguyen, Minh-Thuy; Duong, Quoc-Van; Nguyen, Manh-Nghia [Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam)] [Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Wang, Shin-Yuan [Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Yi Chang, Edward [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

249

Identification of remediation needs and technology development focus areas for the Environmental Restoration (ER) Project at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Environmental Restoration (ER) Project has been tasked with the characterization, assessment, remediation and long-term monitoring of contaminated waste sites at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM). Many of these sites will require remediation which will involve the use of baseline technologies, innovative technologies that are currently under development, and new methods which will be developed in the near future. The Technology Applications Program (TAP) supports the ER Project and is responsible for development of new technologies for use at the contaminated waste sites, including technologies that will be used for remediation and restoration of these sites. The purpose of this report is to define the remediation needs of the ER Project and to identify those remediation needs for which the baseline technologies and the current development efforts are inadequate. The area between the remediation needs and the existing baseline/innovative technology base represents a technology gap which must be filled in order to remediate contaminated waste sites at SNL/NM economically and efficiently. In the first part of this report, the remediation needs of the ER Project are defined by both the ER Project task leaders and by TAP personnel. The next section outlines the baseline technologies, including EPA defined Best Demonstrated Available Technologies (BDATs), that are applicable at SNL/NM ER sites. This is followed by recommendations of innovative technologies that are currently being developed that may also be applicable at SNL/NM ER sites. Finally, the gap between the existing baseline/innovative technology base and the remediation needs is identified. This technology gap will help define the future direction of technology development for the ER Project.

Tucker, M.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Site Restoration Technology Program Office; Valdez, J.M.; Khan, M.A. [IT Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Air fluorescence measurements in the spectral range 300-420 nm using a 28.5 GeV electron beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements are reported of the yield and spectrum of fluorescence, excited by a 28.5 GeV electron beam, in air at a range of pressures of interest to ultra-high energy cosmic ray detectors. The wavelength range was 300 - 420 nm. System calibration has been performed using Rayleigh scattering of a nitrogen laser beam. In atmospheric pressure dry air at 304 K the yield is 20.8 +/- 1.6 photons per MeV.

R. Abbasi; T. Abu-Zayyad; K. Belov; J. Belz; Z. Cao; M. Dalton; Y. Fedorova; P. Huentemeyer; B. F. Jones; C. C. H. Jui; E. C. Loh; N. Manago; K. Martens; J. N. Matthews; M. Maestas; J. Smith; P. Sokolsky; R. W. Springer; J. Thomas; S. Thomas; P. Chen; C. Field; C. Hast; R. Iverson; J. S. T. Ng; A. Odian; K. Reil; D. Walz; D. R. Bergman; G. Thomson; A. Zech; F-Y. Chang; C-C. Chen; C-W. Chen; M. A. Huang; W-Y. P. Hwang; G-L. Lin

2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

251

"1. Four Corners","Coal","Arizona Public Service Co",2100 "2. San Juan","Coal","Public Service Co of NM",1643  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mexico" Mexico" "1. Four Corners","Coal","Arizona Public Service Co",2100 "2. San Juan","Coal","Public Service Co of NM",1643 "3. Luna Energy Facility","Gas","Public Service Co of NM",559 "4. Hobbs Generating Station","Gas","CAMS NM LLC",526 "5. Cunningham","Gas","Southwestern Public Service Co",480 "6. Escalante","Coal","Tri-State G & T Assn, Inc",247 "7. Rio Grande","Gas","El Paso Electric Co",236 "8. Afton Generating Station","Gas","Public Service Co of NM",236 "9. New Mexico Wind Energy Center","Other Renewables","FPL Energy New Mexico Wind LLC",204

252

365 nm photon-induced dynamics of CINO adsorbed on MgO(100) H. Ferkel, L. Hodgson, J. T. Singleton, P. M. Blass, H. Reisler, and C. Wittig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

365 nm photon-induced dynamics of CINO adsorbed on MgO(100) H. Ferkel, L. Hodgson, J. T. Singleton programmed desorption (TPD) and 365 nm photolysis of ClNO adsorbed on MgO(100) at 90 K were investigated- istry and photophysics of molecules adsorbed on dielectric crystals constitute a rapidly growing field

Reisler, Hanna

253

Impact of high-oxygen thermal annealing on the structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnO discs made from 20-nm ZnO nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

20-nm nanoparticles of zinc oxide (ZnO) were used to make high-density ZnO discs by uniaxial pressing at 4 ton/cm2 pressure and sintering at 1200 °C for 1 hour. High-oxygen thermal annealing performed on the ZnO discs was found to have a profound impact especially enhanced grain growth even at a low annealing temperature of only 400 °C. Moreover we observed a unique secondary growth of ZnO nanoparticles and growth of multilayer grains that have not been reported elsewhere. The strong solid state reaction during annealing was probably attributed to the high surface area of the 20-nm ZnO nanoparticles that promoted strong surface reaction even at low annealing temperatures. The ZnO discs have been found to contain a very high concentration of structural defects (oxygen vacancies and zinc/oxygen interstitials) that was indicated by the dominant and broad visible photoluminescence (PL) emission in the green band with peaks at (519 - 533) nm and it was found that this visible emission was greatly increased after annealing treatment especially at 800 °C. Annealing treatment also was found to improved the grain crystallinity as illustrated by the lowering of intrinsic compressive stress based on the XRD lattice constant and full-wave half-maximum (FWHM) data. The electrical properties of the ZnO discs were also greatly influenced by the annealing treatment especially a big drop in the breakdown voltage from 362 V (as-grown sample) to 170 V (800 °C sample). The resistivity also experienced a dramatic drop from 267 k?.cm (as-grown sample) to 74.6 k?.cm (800 °C sample). High-oxygen thermal annealing can be employed as a new technique in controlling the breakdown voltage of ZnO discs made from ZnO nanoparticles with improved structural properties.

Rabab Khalid Sendi; Shahrom Mahmud

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Radiation damage to amorphous carbon thin films irradiated by multiple 46.9 nm laser shots below the single-shot damage threshold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-surface-quality amorphous carbon (a-C) optical coatings with a thickness of 45 nm, deposited by magnetron sputtering on a silicon substrate, were irradiated by the focused beam of capillary-discharge Ne-like Ar extreme ultraviolet laser (CDL=capillary-discharge laser; XUV=extreme ultraviolet, i.e., wavelengths below 100 nm). The laser wavelength and pulse duration were 46.9 nm and 1.7 ns, respectively. The laser beam was focused onto the sample surface by a spherical Sc/Si multilayer mirror with a total reflectivity of about 30%. The laser pulse energy was varied from 0.4 to 40 muJ on the sample surface. The irradiation was carried out at five fluence levels between 0.1 and 10 J/cm{sup 2}, accumulating five different series of shots, i.e., 1, 5, 10, 20, and 40. The damage to the a-C thin layer was investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Nomarski differential interference contrast (DIC) optical microscopy. The dependence of the single-shot-damaged area on pulse energy makes it possible to determine a beam spot diameter in the focus. Its value was found to be equal to 23.3+-3.0 mum using AFM data, assuming the beam to have a Gaussian profile. Such a plot can also be used for a determination of single-shot damage threshold in a-C. A single-shot threshold value of 1.1 J/cm{sup 2} was found. Investigating the consequences of the multiple-shot exposure, it has been found that an accumulation of 10, 20, and 40 shots at a fluence of 0.5 J/cm{sup 2}, i.e., below the single-shot damage threshold, causes irreversible changes of thin a-C layers, which can be registered by both the AFM and the DIC microscopy. In the center of the damaged area, AFM shows a-C removal to a maximum depth of 0.3, 1.2, and 1.5 nm for 10-, 20- and 40-shot exposure, respectively. Raman microprobe analysis does not indicate any change in the structure of the remaining a-C material. The erosive behavior reported here contrasts with the material expansion observed earlier [L. Juha et al., Proc. SPIE 5917, 91 (2005)] on an a-C sample irradiated by a large number of femtosecond pulses of XUV high-order harmonics.

Juha, L.; Hajkova, V.; Vorlicek, V. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Chalupsky, J. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Brehova 7, 115 19 Prague 1 (Czech Republic); Ritucci, A.; Reale, A.; Zuppella, P. [Department of Physics, University of L'Aquila, gc Laboratorio Nazionale del Gran Sasso (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare-INFN), 67010 Coppito, L'Aquila (Italy); Stoermer, M. [GKSS Research Center, Max-Planck-Strasse 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Observation and Measurement of Temperature Rise and Distribution on GaAs Photo-cathode Wafer with a 532nm Drive Laser and a Thermal Imaging Camera  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant temperature rise and gradient are observed from a GaAs photo-cathode wafer irradiated at various power levels with over 20W laser power at 532nm wavelength. The laser power absorption and dissipated thermal distribution are measured. The result shows a clear indication that proper removal of laser induced heat from the cathode needs to be considered seriously when designing a high average current or low quantum efficiency photo-cathode electron gun. The measurement method presented here provides a useful way to obtain information about both temperature and thermal profiles, it also applies to cathode heating study with other heating devices such as electrical heaters.

Shukui Zhang, Stephen Benson, Carlos Hernandez-Garcia

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Low leakage Ru-strontium titanate-Ru metal-insulator-metal capacitors for sub-20?nm technology node in dynamic random access memory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improved metal-insulator-metal capacitor (MIMCAP) stacks with strontium titanate (STO) as dielectric sandwiched between Ru as top and bottom electrode are shown. The Ru/STO/Ru stack demonstrates clearly its potential to reach sub-20?nm technology nodes for dynamic random access memory. Downscaling of the equivalent oxide thickness, leakage current density (J{sub g}) of the MIMCAPs, and physical thickness of the STO have been realized by control of the Sr/Ti ratio and grain size using a heterogeneous TiO{sub 2}/STO based nanolaminate stack deposition and a two-step crystallization anneal. Replacement of TiN with Ru as both top and bottom electrodes reduces the amount of electrically active defects and is essential to achieve a low leakage current in the MIM capacitor.

Popovici, M., E-mail: Mihaela.Ioana.Popovici@imec.be; Swerts, J.; Redolfi, A.; Kaczer, B.; Aoulaiche, M.; Radu, I.; Clima, S.; Everaert, J.-L.; Van Elshocht, S.; Jurczak, M. [Imec, Leuven 3001 (Belgium)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

257

Highly efficient tabletop x-ray laser at ?=41.8 nm in Pd-like xenon pumped by optical-field ionization in a cluster jet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The atomic-kinetic calculations of gain at 41.8 nm in Pd-like xenon are performed. The interpretation of known experiments has proved that x-ray laser in Pd-like xenon is feasible in the extremely wide range of atomic densities: 1017 ? [Xe8+] ? 3?×?1019 cm?3. This result is due to the large cross sections (and rates) of level excitations in Pd-like xenon by electron impact. We propose a highly efficient tabletop x-ray laser pumped by optical-field ionization in a xenon cluster jet. The efficiency of ?0.5% is possible with a pump laser pulse energy of ?0.001 J and an intensity of ?1016 W/cm2.

E. P. Ivanova

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

258

The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Past work in the area of laser-induced damage growth has shown growth rates to be primarily dependent on the laser fluence and wavelength. More recent studies suggest that growth rate, similar to the damage initiation process, is affected by a number of additional parameters including pulse duration, pulse shape, site size, and internal structure. In this study, we focus on the effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser damage sites located on the exit surface of fused silica optics. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, a significant dependence of growth rate at 351 nm on pulse duration from 1 ns to 15 ns as {tau}{sup 0.3} for sites in the 50-100 {micro}m size range.

Negres, R A; Norton, M A; Liao, Z M; Cross, D A; Bude, J D; Carr, C W

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

259

7 -29 nm 29 -56 nm 56 -95 nm Particlenumberconcentration(#cm-3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distribution Emissions from Hybridfrom Hybrid--Electric and Conventional Diesel BusesElectric and Conventional: Two conventional diesel buses: ·280 HP - Year 2002 ­ Detroit Diesel Series 40 Two hybrid electric-diesele+5 1e+6 Conventional Hybrid bus Stages F+1+2 ULSD n=4 3A. Hybrid electric-diesel bus · During

Holmén, Britt A.

260

Effect of Key Parameters on the Photocatalytic Oxidation of Toluene at Low Concentrations in Air under 254 + 185 nm UV Irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of key experimental parameters on the removal of toluene under 254 + 185 nm irradiation was investigated using a benchtop photocatalytic flow reactor. Toluenewas introduced at low concentrations between 10 and 500 ppbv, typical of indoorenvironments, and reacted on TiO2-coated Raschig rings. Two different TiO2-coated rings were prepared: in one case, by dip-coating using a P25 aqueous suspension and, on the other, using an organic/inorganic sol-gel method that produced thin films of mesoporous anatase. Flow rates in the photoreactor varied between 4 L min-1 and 125 mL min-1, leading to residence times in the range 100 ms< tau< 2 s. For these conditions, toluene removal efficiencies were between 30 and 90percent, indicating that the system did not achieve total conversion in any case. For each air flow rate, the conversion oftoluene was significantly higher when the reactor length was 10 cm, as compared with 5 cm; however, only marginal increases in conversions were achieved in the two reactor lengths at equal residence time and different concentration of toluene, suggesting that that the reactor is effectively behaving as an ideal reactor and that the reaction is first-order in the concentration of toluene. Experiments were carried out between 0 and 66percent relative humidity (RH), the fastest reaction rate being observed at moderately low humidity conditions (10percent RH), with respect to both dry air and higher humidity levels. Formaldehyde was formed as a partial oxidation byproduct at low and at high residence times (240 and 960 ms), although higher formaldehyde molar yields (up to 20percent) were observed at low tau (240 ms) and moderate humidity conditions (10 and 33percent), suggesting that both tau and RH can be optimized toreduce the formation of harmful intermediates. Toluene removal efficiency increased with the TiO2 thickness (i.e., mass) until a maximum value of 500 nm, beyond which the removal efficiency decreased. This should be attributed to limitations on the rates of toluene decomposition imposed by radiation transport through the film and/or internal diffusion resistances, which can take place within the porous photocatalytic films.

Quici, Natalia; Vera, Maria L.; Choi, Hyeok; Puma, Gianluca Li; Dionysiou, Dionysios D.; Litter, Marta I.; Destaillats, Hugo

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Characterization of the collisionally pumped optical-field-ionized soft-x-ray laser at 41.8nm driven in capillary tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on experimental and theoretical studies of a collisionally pumped, optical-field-ionized soft-x-ray laser (SXRL) at 41.8nm driven in capillary tubes with smooth inner surface. A detailed experimental study has been conducted in order to understand the key effects related to guiding in this configuration. The amplifying plasma was created inside few-cm-long capillary tubes, and maximum extreme ultraviolet emission was obtained when operating in a multimode guiding regime with an optimized lasing signal from a 25-mm-long capillary a factor of 3 higher than that of a gas cell and with a beam divergence reduced by a factor of 3. A numerical code, named COFIXE, has been developed to calculate the SXRL signal emitted by the plasma source. It includes the calculation of the pump beam propagation, the determination of the plasma state just after the interaction with the pump beam, the calculation of the evolution of the local properties of the plasma during the subsequent few ps, and the calculation of the amplification and transport of the SXRL emission. Excellent agreement has been obtained between experiment and theory for several features such as the divergence of the beam, the correlation between guided pump beam transmission and SXRL energy, and the enhancement factor induced by guiding.

B. Cros; T. Mocek; I. Bettaibi; G. Vieux; M. Farinet; J. Dubau; S. Sebban; G. Maynard

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

262

X-Ray and Radio Connections www.aoc.nrao.edu/events/xraydio Santa Fe NM, 3-6 February 2004 (4.12) 1 PRELIMINARY RADIO ANALYSIS FROM AN X-RAY/RADIO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-Ray and Radio Connections www.aoc.nrao.edu/events/xraydio Santa Fe NM, 3-6 February 2004 (4.12) 1 from such long-term stud- #12;2 (4.12) X-Ray and Radio Connections www.aoc

Cowan, John

263

0 ms 7 ms 12 ms 18 ms 24 ms 30 ms 36 ms 41 ms 47 ms 53 ms 59 ms 65 ms 71 ms The Reference Simulation (ktendon-ankle = 75,000 N/m)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5 The Reference Simulation (ktendon-ankle = 75,000 N/m) Download a copy of this poster and read more about ourD MODEL2,3 : -SKELETON: 5 bones, 4 joints -MUSCULATURE: Hip, knee & ankle extensor groups THEORY') MODEL MUSCLE - TENDON (MT) UNITKnee extensors `KE' Hip extensors `HE' Ankle extensors `AE' Hip (COM) TMT

Richards, Chris

264

Response of the electric resistance of 40-nm-thick La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 films to an increase in the lattice mismatch between film and substrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied the structure and resistivity of 40-nm-thick La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 (LCMO) films coherently grown on (001)-oriented La0.29Sr0.71Al0.65Ta0.35O3 single crystal substrates bearing epitaxial interlayers of ...

Yu. A. Boikov; V. A. Danilov

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Shortwave, Clear-sky Diffuse Irradiance in the 350 to 1050 nm Range: Comparison of Models with RSS Measurements at the Southern Great Plains ARM Site in September/October 2001  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Shortwave, Clear-Sky Diffuse Irradiance in the Shortwave, Clear-Sky Diffuse Irradiance in the 350 to 1050 nm Range: Comparison of Models with RSS Measurements at the Southern Great Plains ARM Site in September/October 2001 J. J. Michalsky, P. W. Kiedron, Q.-L. Min, and L. C. Harrison Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York Albany, New York J. J. Michalsky Surface Radiation Research Branch Air Resources Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado Abstract A rotating shadowband spectroradiometer (RSS) operating in the spectral range between 350 to 1050 nm obtained measurements of direct and diffuse components of spectral irradiance during the first diffuse irradiance IOP in the autumn of 2001. Independent measurements of the primary inputs to spectral

266

We describe the characteristics and application of a 265nm AlGaN light-emitting diode (LED) operated at 1 MHz repetition rate, 1.2 ns pulse duration, 1.32 W average power, 2.3 mW peak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the characteristics and application of a 265nm AlGaN light-emitting diode (LEDnm bandwidth. The LED enables the fluorescence decay of weakly emitting phenylalanine to be measured and resonance energy transfer from phenylalanine to tyrosine and tryptophan, the convenience of the 265nm LED

Strathclyde, University of

267

L{sub g}?=?100?nm In{sub 0.7}Ga{sub 0.3}As quantum well metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors with atomic layer deposited beryllium oxide as interfacial layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we have fabricated nanometer-scale channel length quantum-well (QW) metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) incorporating beryllium oxide (BeO) as an interfacial layer. BeO has high thermal stability, excellent electrical insulating characteristics, and a large band-gap, which make it an attractive candidate for use as a gate dielectric in making MOSFETs. BeO can also act as a good diffusion barrier to oxygen owing to its small atomic bonding length. In this work, we have fabricated In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As MOS capacitors with BeO and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and compared their electrical characteristics. As interface passivation layer, BeO/HfO{sub 2} bilayer gate stack presented effective oxide thickness less 1 nm. Furthermore, we have demonstrated In{sub 0.7}Ga{sub 0.3}As QW MOSFETs with a BeO/HfO{sub 2} dielectric, showing a sub-threshold slope of 100?mV/dec, and a transconductance (g{sub m,max}) of 1.1 mS/?m, while displaying low values of gate leakage current. These results highlight the potential of atomic layer deposited BeO for use as a gate dielectric or interface passivation layer for III–V MOSFETs at the 7?nm technology node and/or beyond.

Koh, D., E-mail: dh.koh@utexas.edu, E-mail: Taewoo.Kim@sematech.org [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States); SEMATECH, Inc., Albany, New York 12203 (United States); Kwon, H. M. [Department of Electronics Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, T.-W., E-mail: dh.koh@utexas.edu, E-mail: Taewoo.Kim@sematech.org; Veksler, D.; Gilmer, D.; Kirsch, P. D. [SEMATECH, Inc., Albany, New York 12203 (United States); Kim, D.-H. [SEMATECH, Inc., Albany, New York 12203 (United States); GLOBALFOUNDRIES, Malta, New York 12020 (United States); Hudnall, Todd W. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas, 78666 (United States); Bielawski, Christopher W. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Maszara, W. [GLOBALFOUNDRIES, Santa Clara, California 95054 (United States); Banerjee, S. K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

Thermomechanical behavior and modeling between 350 C and 400 C of Zircaloy-4 cladding tubes from an unirradiated state to high fluence (0 to 85{times}10{sup 24} nm{sup {minus}2}, E > 1 MeV)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper first describes the effect of neutron irradiation on the thermomechanical behavior of stress-relieved Zircaloy-4 fuel tubes that have been analyzed after exposure to five different fluences ranging from nonirradiated material to high burnup. In the second part, a viscoplastic model is proposed to simulate, for different isotherms, 350 C < T < 400 C, out-of-flux anisotropic mechanical behavior of the cladding tubes over the fluence range 0 < {phi} < 100{sm_bullet}10{sup 24}nm{sup {minus}2}(E > 1 MeV). The model, identified for tests conducted at 350 C, has been validated from tests made at 380 C and 400 C. The model is capable of simulating strain hardening under internal pressure followed by a stress relaxation period, the loading producing an interaction between the pellet and cladding. Introduction of a state variable characterizing the damage caused by a bombardment with neutrons into the model has allowed us to simulate the irradiation-induced hardening and creep rate decrease, as well as the saturation noticed after two cycles of irradiation ({approx_equal}45{sm_bullet}10{sup 24}nm{sup {minus}2}(E > 1 MeV)) in a pressurized water reactor (PWR). Finally, the numerical simulations show the model is able to reproduce the totality of the thermomechanical experiments.

Schaeffler, I.; Geyer, P.; Bouffioux, P.; Delobelle, P.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Wavelength (nm) 300 400 500 600 700  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This also explains the increased efficiency of the AJ assembly compared to J. J efficiently transfers energy to a dye can be used to boost photovoltaic efficiency. In our lab continuing effort is put into the design can form LB-films at a water surface. We have in particular been interested in how the J-domain can

270

Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (DOE/EIS-0350)(5/15/03)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

96 96 Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 94 / Thursday, May 15, 2003 / Notices [FR Doc. 03-12161 Filed 5-14-03; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6450-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Nuclear Security Administration Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability and public hearings. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), and the DOE Regulations Implementing NEPA (10 CFR part 1021), the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), an agency

271

Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Operation of a Biosafety Level 3 Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (DOE/EIS-0388) (11/29/05)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

90 Federal Register 90 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 228 / Tuesday, November 29, 2005 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Nuclear Security Administration Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Operation of a Biosafety Level 3 Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM AGENCY: Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of intent. SUMMARY: The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), an agency within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), announces its intent to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to evaluate the operation of a Biosafety Level 3 Facility (BSL-3 Facility) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in Los Alamos, New Mexico. This EIS is being prepared and considered in accordance

272

Extension of Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (DOE/EIS-0380) (08/31/06)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

10 Federal Register 10 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 169 / Thursday, August 31, 2006 / Notices Coordinator, at the address and phone number listed above. Issued at Washington, DC on August 24, 2006. Carol Matthews, Acting Advisory Committee Management Officer. [FR Doc. 06-7304 Filed 8-30-06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6450-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Nuclear Security Administration Extension of Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). ACTION: Notice of comment period extension. SUMMARY: On July 7, 2006, NNSA published a Notice of Availability for the Draft Site-wide Environmental

273

Total reflection inelastic x-ray scattering from a 10 nm thick La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.2}CoO{sub 3} thin film.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To study equilibrium changes in composition, valence, and electronic structure near the surface and into the bulk, we demonstrate the use of a new approach, total-reflection inelastic x-ray scattering, as a sub-keV spectroscopy capable of depth profiling chemical changes in thin films with nanometer resolution. By comparing data acquired under total x-ray reflection and penetrating conditions, we are able to separate the O K-edge spectra from a 10 nm La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}CoO{sub 3} thin film from that of the underlying SrTiO{sub 3} substrate. With a smaller wavelength probe than comparable soft x-ray absorption measurements, we also describe the ability to easily access dipole-forbidden final states, using the dramatic evolution of the La N{sub 4,5} edge with momentum transfer as an example.

Fister, T. T.; Fong, D. D.; Eastman, J. A.; Iddir, H.; Zapol, P.; Fuoss, P. H.; Balasubramanian, M.; Gordon, R. A.; Balasubramaniam, K. R.; Salvador, P. A.; Simon Fraser Univ.; Carnegie Mellon Univ.

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

274

High multi-photon visible upconversion emissions of Er{sup 3+} singly doped BiOCl microcrystals: A photon avalanche of Er{sup 3+} induced by 980?nm excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under 980?nm excitation, high multi-photon upconversion (UC) emission from the {sup 2}H{sub 11/2}/{sup 4}S{sub 3/2} (green) and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} (red) levels of Er{sup 3+} ions were observed from Er{sup 3+} singly doped BiOCl microcrystals. These high-energy excited states were populated by a three to ten photon UC process conditionally, which depended on the pump power density and the Er{sup 3+} ion doping concentration, characterizing as a hetero-looping enhanced energy transfer avalanche UC process. UC emission lifetime and Raman analysis suggest that the unusual UC phenomena are initiated by the new and intense phonon vibration modes of BiOCl lattices due to Er{sup 3+} ions doping.

Li, Yongjin; Song, Zhiguo, E-mail: songzg@kmust.edu.cn; Li, Chen; Wan, Ronghua; Qiu, Jianbei; Yang, Zhengwen; Yin, Zhaoyi; Yang, Yong; Zhou, Dacheng; Wang, Qi [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093 (China)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093 (China)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

275

Effect of SiO{sub 2} overcoat thickness on laser damage morphology of HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} Brewster`s angle polarizers at 1064 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} Brewster`s angle polarizers are being developed at LLNL for the National Ignition Facility. Damage threshold studies using a 3-ns pulse length 1064-nm laser have revealed a number of different damage morphologies such as nodular ejection pits, plasma scalds, flat bottom pits, and overcoat delaminations. Of these laser damage morphologies, delaminations have the most negative impact on the multilayer stability. By selecting the proper SiO{sub 2} overcoat thickness, the delamination morphology is eliminated without significantly modifying the spectra characteristics of the coating and the functional damage threshold is increased by 2-4x. A model of the thermal mechanical response of the overcoats is presented for various SiO{sub 2} overcoat thicknesses. The overcoat thickness influences the electric-field profile resulting in different thermal gradients between the outer SiO{sub 2} and HfO{sub 2} layers. This modeling effort attempts to understand the relation between the thermal stress distribution in the overcoat and the occurrence of delamination.

Stolz, C.J.; Genin, F.Y.; Reitter, T.A.; Molau, N.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Bevis, R.P.; von Gunten, M.K. [Spectra-Physics Lasers, Inc., Mountain View, CA (United States). Components and Accessories Group; Smith, D.J.; Anzellotti, J.F. [Rochester Univ., NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics

1997-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

276

WAVELENGTH CONVERSION OVER A 50nm INPUT AND 21nm OUTPUT WAVELENGTH RANGE USING A MONOLITHICALLY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the device soldered on a gold plated copper mount and cooled to 17°C using a thermo-electric cooler. Light tuning range are shown in Figure 2a). A typical electrical extinction of the device for high MZI-SOA bias

Coldren, Larry A.

277

Zhai, H., H.C. Frey, N.M. Rouphail, G.A. Gonalves, and T.L. Farias, "Fuel Consumption and Emissions Comparisons between Ethanol 85 and Gasoline Fuels for Flexible Fuel Vehicles," Paper No. 2007-AWMA-444, Proceedings, 100th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Alternative Fuel Data Center (AFDC) of the U.S. Department of Energy.4 Carbon dioxide (CO2), CO, and nitricZhai, H., H.C. Frey, N.M. Rouphail, G.A. Gonçalves, and T.L. Farias, "Fuel Consumption and Emissions Comparisons between Ethanol 85 and Gasoline Fuels for Flexible Fuel Vehicles," Paper No. 2007-AWMA

Frey, H. Christopher

278

Low interfacial trap density and sub-nm equivalent oxide thickness in In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As (001) metal-oxide-semiconductor devices using molecular beam deposited HfO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} as gate dielectrics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the passivation of In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As (001) surface by molecular beam epitaxy techniques. After growth of strained In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As on InP (001) substrate, HfO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} high-{kappa} oxide stacks have been deposited in-situ after surface reconstruction engineering. Excellent capacitance-voltage characteristics have been demonstrated along with low gate leakage currents. The interfacial density of states (D{sub it}) of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As interface have been revealed by conductance measurement, indicating a downward D{sub it} profile from the energy close to the valence band (medium 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2}eV{sup -1}) towards that close to the conduction band (10{sup 11} cm{sup -2}eV{sup -1}). The low D{sub it}'s are in good agreement with the high Fermi-level movement efficiency of greater than 80%. Moreover, excellent scalability of the HfO{sub 2} has been demonstrated as evidenced by the good dependence of capacitance oxide thickness on the HfO{sub 2} thickness (dielectric constant of HfO{sub 2}{approx}20) and the remained low D{sub it}'s due to the thin Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} passivation layer. The sample with HfO{sub 2} (3.4 nm)/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (1.2 nm) as the gate dielectrics has exhibited an equivalent oxide thickness of {approx}0.93 nm.

Chu, L. K. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Merckling, C.; Dekoster, J.; Caymax, M. [Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC vzw), 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Alian, A.; Heyns, M. [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC vzw), 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Kwo, J. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Center for Condensed Matter Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Hong, M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

279

Periodic Holes with 10 nm Diameter Produced by Grazing Ar+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the surface of a saturated mercury dichloride (HgCl2) solution, with the aluminum metal side on the bottom acid solution at 40 V at 5 °C for at least 1 day.10,11 A homogeneous U-shaped barrier oxide layer, 20PO4 mixed etching solution at 60 °C for 3 h, to remove the initial Al2O3 layer and leave an ordered

Metzger, Robert M.

280

1624 nm OTDR Monitoring of the Optical Links for Telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The state of the art of monitoring systems for optical plants is reviews. The different approaches are discussed, underlining the role of on-line, non-intrusive solutions. Finally,...

Cottino, E; Peretta, P G; Zucchinali, A

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-h | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

not limited to, agriculture, municipal, commercial, industrial, domestic, livestock, fish and wildlife, and recreational uses. Beneficial use shall be the basis, the measure,...

282

RAPID/Roadmap/12-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Click to View Fullscreen Permit Overview The New Mexico Department of Game and Fish (NMDGF) preserves endangered or threatened wildlife in the state against any direct...

283

Dr. Ferenc Mezei, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Neutron Spin Echo Spectroscopy: History and Outlook. Presented at the Workshop on Spin Echo Spectroscopy 2009 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory on November 4, 2009.

Dr. Ferenc Mezei

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

284

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Shiprock Mill Site - NM...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Evaluation of the Trench 2 Groundwater Remediation System at the Shiprock, New Mexico, Legacy Management Site March 2009 Supplement to the Baseline Risk Assessment of Ground Water...

285

RAPID/Roadmap/18-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tank Bureau oversees the installation, modification, and removal of underground storage tanks (UST) in New Mexico. Developers should first determine if their UST system is exempt...

286

1550 1552 1554 1556 1558 1560 Wavelength (nm)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Need distributed temperature profile in boilers ­ Improves combustion efficiency, saves Sample 3 Sample 4 Sample 5 Sample 6 Sample 7 Sample 8 SAmple 9 Sample 10 Distributed High Temperature of boiler ­ Sensor array covering above range with 1°C accuracy Courtesy: BHEL · FBGs as temperature sensors

Das, Bijoy Krishna

287

Esteban M Lucero 505 Sweet Ave. Las Cruces NM 88001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@nmsu.edu EDUCATION New Mexico State University 2008-Present Bachelor of Science, Biology, expected May 2014 and isolation of DNA from wood. Posters/Presentations · Esteban Lucero, Erina Hara, Timothy F Wright; Influence #12;Page 2 poster session for Society for Neuroscience annual meeting. San Diego CA. November 2013

Wright, Timothy F.

288

Characteristics of Photodissociation at 193 nm of Singly Protonated Peptides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. With the development of various techniques to generate gas- phase ions from condensed-phase samples] is a use- ful technique to study the structure and fragmen- tation mechanism of gas-phase ions

Kim, Myung Soo

289

DfM at 28 nm and Beyond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The flow is a key collaborative component of OIP that accelerates time-to-market, improves return ... Reference Flow, offering advanced design methodologies for risk reduction and easy adoption of foundry process...

Artur Balasinski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-j | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Office of the State Engineer (NMOSE) and the Oil Conservation Division of the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department (NMOCD) must examine the project...

291

RAPID/Roadmap/20-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Click to View Fullscreen Permit Overview The Oil Conservation Division of the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department ("Division") oversees the well...

292

RAPID/Roadmap/18-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hazardous Waster Permit Process.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Permit Overview The New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) oversees the permitting program to ensure safe...

293

Integrated optical source of polarization entangled photons at 1310 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

waveguide," Opt. Express 15, 12769­12776 (2007), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-15

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

294

RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The application must contain: A description of the transmission line, including location, identification of ownership of the affected land, length of the transmission line,...

295

Photoluminescent 1-2 nm sized silicon nanoparticles: A surface...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the crystalline structure and on their further surface derivatization with different organic molecules. The lifetime and spectrum shape of all synthesized particles are...

296

RAPID/Roadmap/7-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or distribution, sale or furnishing to or for the public of electricity for light, heat or power or other uses. 62-3-3(G)(1). Contact Information New Mexico Public...

297

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico Office of the State Engineer (NMOSE) with enough information so that the NMOSE can conduct an impairment analysis and determine whether a water replacement plan is...

298

RAPID/Roadmap/4-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

through the New Mexico State Land Office. A copy of the NMSLO Application for Permit to Conduct Geophysical Exploration on Unleased State Lands is provided. Applications must...

299

Los Alamos, NM 87545 505.663.5206 ph  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

devices. In remote locations, power from an electrical grid is often una- vailable. While batteries present a potential energy source for remote electronics, their periodic replacement increases costs har- vesting system. Such a multi- source system is robust against varying environmental and opera

300

Achieving sub-10-nm resolution using scanning electron beam lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Achieving the highest possible resolution using scanning-electron-beam lithography (SEBL) has become an increasingly urgent problem in recent years, as advances in various nanotechnology applications have driven demand for ...

Cord, Bryan M. (Bryan Michael), 1980-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

NM, West Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3,461 3,172 3,009 2,851 2,410 2,851 2005-2013 Adjustments -9 257 -167 56 51 2009-2013 Revision Increases 443 490 551 255 1,291 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 323 565 277 485 587...

302

,"NM, West Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

303

NM, East Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

530 474 523 507 362 5 2005-2013 Adjustments 0 4 -3 0 -10 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 72 11 0 71 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 30 0 2 117 0 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 409 2009-2013...

304

,"NM, East Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

305

NM, West Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,301 898 1,795 1,695 1,647 2,517 1979-2013 Revision Decreases 2,335 1,125 1,486 1,871 2,541 2,186 1979-2013 Sales 202 145 13 841 0 224 2000-2013 Acquisitions 5 66 0 844 5...

306

Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Date: Well Name: Location: Depth: Initial Flow Rate: "abbb" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. The given value was not understood. Flow Test...

307

,"NM, West Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

File Name:","ngenrnangdcurnmwesta.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http:www.eia.govdnavngngenrnangdcurnmwesta.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information...

308

Univariate input models for stochastic simulation , NM Steiger4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the continuous univariate probabilistic input processes that drive discrete-event simulation experiments that accu- rately mimic the behaviour of the random input processes driving the system under study. Often the following interrelated difficulties arise in attempts to use standard distribution families for simulation

309

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

water quality standards, including the antidegradation policy, and applicable statewide water quality management plans. New Mexico regulates water quality under NMSA 74-6 and...

310

RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and the basis for all control efficiencies presented, of the equipment to be used for air pollution control, including a process flow sheet, or if NMED so requires, layout and...

311

RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

determine applicable requirements; Provide a citation and description of all applicable air pollution control requirements; Provide an explanation of any proposed exemptions from...

312

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Application for Permit to Drill a Well with No Consumptive Use of Water Proof of Completion of Well Print PDF Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleRAPID...

313

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

requirements by filing a Final Inspection and Report (for groundwater) or Proof of Completion and Application of Water to Beneficial Use (for surface water). Contact...

314

RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of one of the following review paths: Simplified interconnection (for certified inverter-based facilities with a power rating of 10kW or less on radial or network systems...

315

Microsoft PowerPoint - WAPA Transmission Developments in NM ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 Regional Development Being Studied Transmission Development High Plains Express - Line from Wyoming to New Mexico www.highplainsexpress.com SunZia - Line from New Mexico to...

316

Nanopatterning Fabrication of a 60-nm-Diameter Perfectly Round  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. J. Morton, Prof. S. Y. Chou Nanostructure Laboratory Department of Electrical Engineering Princeton University, NJ 8544(USA) E-mail: chou@princeton.edu DOI: 10.1002/smll.201000104 Keywords: liquefaction W and 10 mtorrfor 2 min(Plasma Therm SLR 720) to facilitate the su

317

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

requirements in NMSA 72-12-1.3. Contact Information New Mexico Office of the State Engineer Do I Need This Permit? If your project activity meets any of the sets of conditions...

318

SNL/NM weapon hardware characterization process development report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the process used by Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico to characterize weapon hardware for disposition. The report describes the following basic steps: (1) the drawing search process and primary hazard identification; (2) the development of Disassembly Procedures (DPs), including demilitarization and sanitization requirements; (3) the generation of a ``disposal tree``; (4) generating RCRA waste disposal information; and (5) documenting the information. Additional data gathered during the characterization process supporting hardware grouping and recycle efforts is also discussed.

Graff, E.W.; Chambers, W.B.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

-Preliminary results from temperature modeling using the CIII 97.7 nm / CIV 155 nm line ratio give  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reconnection). - Temperatures for single-spheromak shots (during which no reconnection took place) were. Introduction - The Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX) studies magnetic reconnection during the merging of two spheromaks: Figure 1. Schematic of spheromak formation in SSX. (a) Hydrogen gas is pumped

Cohen, David

320

1550nm Optical Interconnect Transceiver with Low Voltage Electroabsorption Modulators Flip-Chip Bonded to 90nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P wafer with epitaxially grown InGaAsP/InP layers comprising a PIN diode containing a multiple quantum the epitaxially grown InGaAsP and air. The grazing incidence N contact P contact Diode mesa V-grooves Optical-air interface, further enhancing absorption. Unlike in a waveguide modulator where propagation along

Palermo, Sam

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

1550nm Optical Interconnect Transceiver with Low Voltage Electroabsorption Modulators Flip-Chip Bonded to 90nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P wafer with epitaxially grown InGaAsP/InP layers comprising a PIN diode containing a multiple quantum the epitaxially grown InGaAsP and air. The grazing incidence N contact P contact Diode mesa V-grooves Optical and the epitaxy-air interface, further enhancing absorption. Unlike in a waveguide modulator where propagation

Miller, David A. B.

322

G:\Corplan\!MbrMaterials\PROD-NM\CUSTOM\LANS\2012\bb_lans nm81154_ppo active and retirees 010112 final.wpd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 (01/12) 4 (01/12) Benefit Program Material Los Alamos National Security, LLC A Guide to Your Preferred Provider Option (PPO) Medical Program for Active Employees and Their Covered Family Members and Retirees and Their Covered Family Members Administered by: Customer Assistance Customer Service and Claims: Medical/Surgical and Drug Plan Services - When you have questions or concerns, call the BCBSNM Customer Service department toll-free Monday through Friday from 6 A.M. - 8 P.M. Mountain Time or from 8 A.M. - 5 P.M. on Saturdays and most holi- days; or you may visit the BCBSNM office in Albuquerque. (If you need assistance outside nor- mal business hours, you may call the Customer Service telephone number and leave a message. A Customer Service Advocate will return your call by 5 P.M. the next business day.)

323

Study of timing properties of multi-pixel-photon-counter's illuminated by 630 nm and 405 nm PiLas laser light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Timing measurements of Multy-Pixel-Photon Counters (MPPC's) at the picosecond level were performed at Fermilab. The core timing resolution of the amplifiers, discriminators and TAC/ADC combination to perform these measurements is approximately 2 picoseconds. The single photoelectron time resolution (SPTR) was measured for the signals coming from the MPPC's. An SPTR of about one hundred picoseconds was obtained for MPPC's illuminated by picosecond laser pulses. The SPTR depends on applied bias voltage and on the wavelength of the light. A simple model is proposed to explain the difference in the SPTR for blue and red light. Finally, requirements for the MPPC's temperature and bias voltage stability to maintain the time resolution are discussed.

Ronzhin, Anatoly; Demarteau, Marcel; Los, Sergey; Ramberg, Erik; /Fermilab

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Rotaxane Metal Organic Nanocomposites MW = 6.80kDa, V = >10nm3MW = 6.80kDa, V = >10nm3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in pure methanol, the nanoballs diffused out. Thus, we believe that we have produced rotaxane. Unlike PMMA, both PHEMA and the nanoballs are soluble in methanol. Polyrotaxane synthesis involving amounts in the HEMA monomer. Swelling in methanol followed by Soxhlet extraction for one week in methanol

Harmon, Julie P.

325

Life-Cycle Energy Demand of Computational Logic: From High-Performance 32nm CPU to Ultra-Low-Power 130nm MCU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boyd et al. : “Life-cycle energy demand and global warmingLife-Cycle Energy Demand of Computational Logic: From High-to assess the life-cycle energy demand of its products for

Bol, David; Boyd, Sarah; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Life-Cycle Energy Demand of Computational Logic: From High-Performance 32nm CPU to Ultra-Low-Power 130nm MCU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boyd et al. : “Life-cycle energy demand and global warmingLife-Cycle Energy Demand of Computational Logic: From High-to assess the life-cycle energy demand of its products for

Bol, David; Boyd, Sarah; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Environmental assessment for operations, upgrades, and modifications in SNL/NM Technical Area IV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed action for this EA for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico Technical Area IV, includes continuing existing operations, modification of an existing accelerator (Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator II) to support defnese-related Z-pinch experiments, and construction of two transformer oil storage tanks to support the expansion of the Advanced Pulsed Power Research Module, a single pulse accelerator. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE believes that the proposed action is not a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of NEPA and CEQ NEPA implementing regulations in 40 CFR 1508.18 and 1508.27. Therefore, an environmental impact statement is not required, and a Finding of No Significant Impact is issued.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Measurement of the drift field in the ARGONTUBE LAr TPC with 266~nm pulsed laser beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARGONTUBE is a liquid argon time projection chamber (LAr TPC) with a drift field generated in-situ by a Greinacher voltage multiplier circuit. We present results on the measurement of the drift-field distribution inside ARGONTUBE using straight ionization tracks generated by an intense UV laser beam. Our analysis is based on a simplified model of the charging of a multi-stage Greinacher circuit to describe the voltages on the field cage rings.

A. Ereditato; D. Goeldi; S. Janos; I. Kreslo; M. Luethi; C. Rudolf von Rohr; M. Schenk; T. Strauss; M. S. Weber; M. Zeller

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

Excimer laser photochemistry of silane-ammonia mixtures at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ArF excimer laser induced photochemistry of silane-ammonia mixtures has been studied with molecular beam sampling mass spectrometry. The observed products include disilane, trisilane, and all possible aminosilanes, SiH{sub x}(NH{sub 2}){sub 4-x}, x = 0-3. These products are formed under steady-state photolysis conditions and under single-laser-pulse conditions. A mechanism for the formation of these species is proposed and quantitatively evaluated.

Beach, D.B.; Jasinski, J.M. (Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY (USA))

1990-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

330

Green Synthesis of Sub-10 nm Gold Nanoparticles by two-step Laser Irradiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Size control of laser synthesized gold nanoparticles in different solvents is reported. Our two-step green-synthesis approach employs only the fundamental harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser at...

deOliveira, Vinicius S; Henrique, Franciele R; Graff, Ismael L; Schreiner, Wido H; Bezerra, Arandi G

331

Characterization of third order nonlinearities in TiO? waveguides at 1550 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polycrystalline anatase titanium dioxide waveguides are investigated as an alternative material for all-optical switching at telecommunications C-band wavelengths. Titanium dioxide does not support two-photon absorption ...

Shtyrkova, Katia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Towards 0.1 nm resolution with the first spherically corrected transmission electron microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......defocus-modulation image processing. Ultramiaysco/y'41: 323-333. means of an appropriate monochromator. 24 Thust A, Overwijk M H, Coene W M J, and Lentzen M (1996) M. Haider et al. Corrected electron microscope 405 Numerical correction of lenaberrations......

Maximilian Haider; Herald Rose; Stephan Uhlemann; Bernd Kabius; Knut Urban

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

1994 Northern Goshawk inventory on portions of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Northern goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) (hereafter referred to as goshawk) are large forest dwelling hawks. They are the largest species of the Accipiter genus which also includes sharp-shinned hawks (A. striatus) and the Cooper`s hawk (A. cooperii). Goshawks are holarctic in distribution and nest in coniferous, deciduous, and mixed species forests. In the southwest they primarily nest in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), mixed species, and spruce-fir forests. Goshawks may be declining in population and reproduction in the southwestern United States. In 1982 the USDA-Forest Service listed the goshawk as a {open_quotes}sensitive species{close_quotes} and in 1992 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed the goshawk as a {open_quotes}Category 2 species{close_quotes} in accordance with the Endangered Species Act. Reasons for the possible decline in goshawk populations include timber harvesting resulting in the loss of nesting habitat, toxic chemicals, and the effects of drought, fire, and disease. Thus, there is a need to determine their population status and assess impacts of management activities in potential goshawk habitat. Goshawk inventory was conducted during the 1993 nesting season with no adult goshawk responses detected within the LANL survey area. As noted by Sinton and Kennedy, these results may be interpreted in several ways: (1) no goshawk territory(ies) occur in the inventoried area; (2) goshawk territory(ies) exist but have failed prior to the survey and thus were not detected; or (3) territory(ies) exist and were successful but the goshawks did not respond to tapes or their responses were undetected by the observer. For those reasons, a goshawk inventory was conducted in 1994. This report summarizes the results of this inventory.

Sinton, D.T.; Kennedy, P.L. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

1993 Northern goshawk inventory on portions of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Northern goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) (hereafter referred to as goshawk) is a large forest dwelling hawk. Goshawks may be declining in population and reproduction in the southwestern United States. Reasons for the possible decline in goshawk populations include timber harvesting resulting in the loss of nesting habitat, toxic chemicals, and the effects of drought, fire, and disease. Thus, there is a need to determine their population status and assess impacts of management activities in potential goshawk habitat. Inventory for the goshawk was conducted on 2,254 ha of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to determine the presence of nesting goshawks on LANL lands. This information can be incorporated into LANL`s environmental management program. The inventory was conducted by Colorado State University personnel from May 12 to July 30, 1993. This report summarizes the results of this inventory.

Sinton, D.T.; Kennedy, P.L. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Dept. of Fishery and Wildlife Biology

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

45nm direct battery DC-DC converter for mobile applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Portable devices use Lithium-ion batteries as the energy source due to their high energy density, long cycle life and low memory effects. With the aggressive downscaling of CMOS, it is becoming increasingly difficult to ...

Bandyopadhyay, Saurav

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Roughened quartz surfaces and Teflon as small angle diffusers and depolarizers between 200 and 400 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laboratory tests of transmission diffusers are reported for quartz and Teflon. These tests were conducted to select transmission diffusers for the NOAA rocket flight UV...

Saunders, Robert D; Kostkowski, Henry J

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Albuquerque, NM  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Case study of a New Mexico-based home builder who has built more DOE Zero Energy Ready certified homes than any builder in the nation. One example home achieved a HERS score of HERS 55 without PV...

338

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 13, 2013-Today, Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Domestic production of medical isotope Mo-99 moves a step closer May 13, 2013 Los Alamos team produces molybdenum-99 from irradiation of low enriched uranium solution LOS ALAMOS,...

339

Complete Genome Sequence of the Anaerobic, Halophilic Alkalithermophile Natranaerobius thermophilus JW/NM-WN-LF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 , Matt Nolan 2 , Sam Pitluck 2 , Olga Chertkov 3 , Thomas3 , Matt Nolan 2 , Sam Pitluck 2 , Olga Chertkov 3 , Thomas

Zhao, Baisuo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Complete Genome Sequence of the Anaerobic Halophilic Alkalithermophile Natranaerobius thermophilus JW/NM-WN-LFT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The genome of the anaerobic halophilic alkalithermophile Natranaerobius thermophiles consists of one chromosome and two plasmids.The present study is the first to report the completely sequenced genome of polyextremophile and the harboring genes harboring genes associated with roles in regulation of intracellular osmotic pressure, pH homeostasis, and thermophilic stability.

Mesbah, Noha [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Dalin, Eileen [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Chertkov, Olga [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Larimer, Frank W [ORNL; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Wiegel, Juergen [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

BOLETN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO Nm. 167 Sbado 13 de julio de 2013 Sec. I. Pg. 52159  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de verificación inicial de un título, el de seguimiento, y el de renovación de la acreditación. Esta era el inicio del curso académico 2013-2014. Dada la proximidad de esa fecha y conscientes de la carga

Fraguela, Basilio B.

342

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 22, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

able to successfully monitor influenza in the United States, dengue fever in Brazil and Thailand, and tuberculosis in China and Thailand using the novel technique, which will be...

343

ISPD 2014 benchmarks with sub-45nm technology rules for detailed-routing-driven placement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The public release of realistic industrial placement benchmarks by IBM and Intel Corporations from 1998--2013 has been crucial to the progress in physical-design algorithms during those years. Direct comparisons of academic tools on these test cases, ... Keywords: detailed routing, global routing, placement, placement evaluation, routability

Vladimir Yutsis; Ismail S. Bustany; David Chinnery; Joseph R. Shinnerl; Wen-Hao Liu

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Double patterning HSQ processes of zone plates for 10 nm diffraction limited performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science,Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of

Chao, Weilun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

An injection-locked 674 nm laser for Strontium-88 ion trapping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy levels of the valence electron of a single trapped ??Sr+ ion can be harnessed as an effective qubit for quantum information processing. The qubit transition to a metastable energy state can be stimulated by a laser ...

Katz, Rena J. (Rena Jenelle)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Non-lift-off Block Copolymer Lithography of 25 nm Magnetic Nanodot Arrays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The solvent annealing chamber (SAC) is tapped into a boil-off, dry N2 line, which is split into two flow-controlled inlets. ... For instance, the magnetic moment (m, normalized to the saturation value mS), as a function of applied field (H) provides a useful, nondestructive tool for characterization of the patterning process as it allows for separation of the magnetic signatures arising from the material within the dimpled regions from that of the remaining overlayer. ... field lines for fields exceeding 30 kV/cm, after annealing at 250°in an inert atm. ...

A. Baruth; Marc D. Rodwogin; A. Shankar; M.J. Erickson; Marc A. Hillmyer; C. Leighton

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

347

Sub-100 nm Confinement of Magnetic Nanoparticles Using Localized Magnetic Field Gradients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that generate large magnetic gradients. In a homogeneous magnetic field, the field lines are parallel; that is, then the field lines converge into the ferromagnet. This convergence forms a shallow magnetic field gradient, to minimize the magnetic potential energy, the field lines exiting one magnet converge into the other magnet

Prentiss, Mara

348

FWP executive summaries: basic energy sciences materials sciences and engineering program (SNL/NM).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an Executive Summary of the various elements of the Materials Sciences and Engineering Program which is funded by the Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico. A general programmatic overview is also presented.

Samara, George A.; Simmons, Jerry A.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 17, 2012-Researchers from Los Alamos National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nuclear material. - 2 - "Within weeks of the disastrous 2011 tsunami, Los Alamos' Muon Radiography Team began investigating use of Los Alamos' muon scattering method to...

350

High-speed 850 and 980 nm VCSELs for High-Performance Computing Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ever growing demand for more bandwidth in high-performance computing (HPC) applications leads to a continuous replacement of traditional copper-based links by optical interconnects...

Mutig, Alex; Moser, Philip; Lott, James A; Wolf, Philip; Hofmann, Werner; Ledentsov, Nikolay N; Bimberg, Dieter

351

BOLETN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO Nm. 189 Lunes 8 de agosto de 2011 Sec. I. Pg. 90134  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protocolo de actuación frente al acoso sexual y al acoso por razón de sexo en el ámbito de la Administración desarrollo de la personalidad (artículo 10.1), la igualdad y la no discriminación por razón de sexo en no discriminación por razón de sexo en el ámbito de las relaciones de trabajo. Además en su artículo 9.2 dispone que

Valencia, Universidad de

352

BOLETN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO Nm. 178 Mircoles 23 de julio de 2014 Sec. III. Pg. 58854  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Universidades (BOE de 19 de agosto). De conformidad con lo dispuesto en el apartado 3.c) del art�culo 18 de la, 10 de julio de 2014.�El Director General de Pol�tica Universitaria, Jorge Sainz Gonz�lez. cve:BOE-A-2014-7813 http://www.boe.es BOLET�N OFICIAL DEL ESTADO D. L.: M-1/1958 - ISSN: 0212-033X #12;

Fraguela, Basilio B.

353

BOLETN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO Nm. 15 Jueves 17 de enero de 2013 Sec. III. Pg. 2318  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of audio-visual objects - Part 10: Advanced Video Coding. Abierto. 2009 .mpeg .mp4 Admitido. cve:BOE-A-2013-455 http://www.boe.es BOLETÍN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO D. L.: M-1/1958 - ISSN: 0212-033X #12;

354

Sum-frequency generation of continuous-wave light at 194 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

waist is between the two 10-cm mirrors. The crystal is heat sunk when pressed into a slot in an aluminum

355

Biomed Microdevices . Author manuscript Testicular biodistribution of 450 nm fluorescent latex particles after  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sant4 é é cole Nationale Sup rieure des Mines - Saint- tienne� é � , 158 Cours Fauriel F-42023 Saint to industrial activities and car pollution (Gaffet 2011). Moreover, during the last 20 years we have witnessed, includingö new treatments for cancer (Schwartz et al. 2009) and for biomedical imaging (Bruns et al. 2009

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

Testicular biodistribution of 450 nm fluorescent latex particles after intramuscular injection in mice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines, CIS-EMSE, LINA EA 4624, F-42023, Saint-Etienne, France; however, environmental exposure has increased in recent history due to industrial activities and car, including new treatments for cancer (Schw

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

357

Directed Self-Assembly at the 10 nm Scale by Using Capillary Force-Induced Nanocohesion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrated a new nanoassembly strategy based on capillary force-induced cohesion of high-aspect ratio nanostructures made by electron-beam lithography. Using this strategy, ordered complex pattern were fabricated from ...

Duan, Huigao

358

Optimizing the environment for sub-0.2 nm scanning transmission electron microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......where the manufacturer's specifications will be most complete) are...or neoprene greatly damps thermal fluctuations (Fig. 7...with neoprene for improved thermal stability. D. A. Muller...column helps greatly, better insulation of the stage drives and objective......

A Muller; J Grazul

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Metrology for electron-beam lithography and resist contrast at the sub-10 nm scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring the resolution limit of electron-beam lithography is of great interest both scientifically and technologically. However, when electron-beam lithography approaches its resolution limit, imaging and metrology of ...

Duan, Huigao

360

Coherence and Linewidth Studies of a 4-nm High Power FEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

published in the Proceedings Coherence and Linewidth StudiesLBL-33285 HIFAN-570 Coherence and Linewidth Studies of a 4-No. DE-AC03-76SFOO098. Coherence and Linewidth Studies of a

Fawley, W.M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Photoluminescent 1–2 nm Sized Silicon Nanoparticles: A Surface-Dependent System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

† Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicoquímicas Teóricas y Aplicadas (INIFTA), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Casilla de Correo 16, Sucursal 4, (1900) La Plata, Argentina ... ‡ Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Center for Bioenergy and Photosynthesis, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604, United States ...

Juan J. Romero; Manuel J. Llansola-Portolés; María Laura Dell’Arciprete; Hernán B. Rodríguez; Ana L. Moore; Mónica C. Gonzalez

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

362

Continuum absorption of vibrationally excited O2 from 200-320 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Babb,J.F. Sun,Y. Jamieson,M.J. Dalgarno,A. Allison,A.C. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 50 pp 579-583 Academic Press

Babb, J.F.; Sun, Y.; Jamieson, M.J.

363

Imaging vibrating vocal folds with a high speed 1050 nm swept source OCT and ODT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G. Liu, M. Rubinstein, A. Saidi, B. J. Wong, and Z. Chen, “1,2 Marc Rubinstein, 1,3 Arya Saidi, 1 Wenjuan Qi, 1 Allen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/hwb/hwb_facil.html  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

& Regulations Notifiers LANL Order Documents Contact Us Hazardous Waste Facilities This Web Page provides links to public notices and information on New Mexico hazardous waste...

365

Length Scaling of Carbon Nanotube Electric and Photo Diodes down to Sub-50 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Yet, the scaling of CNT p–n diodes or photodiodes, basic elements for most optoelectronic devices, is held back on a scale of micrometers.5?8 ... As elementary building blocks, such tiny electric and photodiodes could be used in nanoscale rectifiers, photodetectors, light sources, and high-efficiency photovoltaic devices. ... The I–V characteristic of the diode may be described by a modified diode equation(1)where Is is the reverse saturation current, Rs is the effective series resistance of the device, Rsh is the shunt resistance, q is the electron charge, k is the Boltzmann constant, T is temperature, and n denotes the ideality factor of the diode. ...

Haitao Xu; Sheng Wang; Zhiyong Zhang; Lian-Mao Peng

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

366

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

public health monitoring, decision making and intervention campaigns, and further to forensic investigations." The team models the uninfected population using traditional...

367

Investigation of a Polarization Controller in Titanium Diffused Lithium Niobate Waveguide near 1530 nm Wavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the field distribution for a guided-wave in each of the three different regions of figure 1. The propagation constant ? is called the eigen value, and can be determined by applying continuity condition to the magnetic field component Ez at x = -t, 2 )tan... the following eigen value expression for TM-polarization 2 2 2 22 )tan( h pq nn n h p n n q n n ht sc g c g s g ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? . (26) The number of allowed eigen values (?) depends on ng, nc, ns, t, and ?o...

Sung, Won Ju

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

368

Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile … Affordable High Performance in Production Homes: Artistic Homes, Albuquerque, NM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

help from Building America, Artistic help from Building America, Artistic Homes built affordable, high-performance homes in New Mexico and Colorado with HERS scores of 0 to 60. Many builders remain resistant to adopting high-performance innovations based on misconceptions about high cost and design challenges. Thus, Building America projects such as Artistic Homes have had an extraordinary impact, demonstrating the mainstream builder's business case for adopting proven innovations such as efficient thermal enclosures and ducts inside the conditioned space, even in entry-level homes. The U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program has helped develop best practices for creating efficient thermal enclosures and locating HVAC ducts inside the conditioned space. These measures cost-effectively reduce heating and

369

Single-Frequency High-Power Continuous-Wave Oscillation at 1003 nm of an Optically Pumped Semiconductor Laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction of the thermal resistance of the active semiconductor medium, resulting in a high power laser powers [1,2]. However the poor thermal conductivity of III-V materials might prevent an efficient heat by bonding it to a material of high thermal conductivity and good optical quality [2,4,5]. In this work we

Boyer, Edmond

370

Investigation of 3-fragment photodissociation of O3 at 193.4 and 157.6 nm by coincident measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA (Received 23 April 2014 to the lower solar flux, coupled with the high absorption cross-section of molecular oxygen at

Neumark, Daniel M.

371

Operational Experiences Tuning the ATF2 Final Focus Optics Towards Obtaining a 37nm Electron Beam IP Spot Size  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary aim of the ATF2 research accelerator is to test a scaled version of the final focus optics planned for use in next-generation linear lepton colliders. ATF2 consists of a 1.3 GeV linac, damping ring providing low-emittance electron beams (< 12pm in the vertical plane), extraction line and final focus optics. The design details of the final focus optics and implementation at ATF2 are presented elsewhere. The ATF2 accelerator is currently being commissioned, with a staged approach to achieving the design IP spot size. It is expected that as we implement more demanding optics and reduce the vertical beta function at the IP, the tuning becomes more difficult and takes longer. We present here a description of the implementation of the tuning procedures and describe operational experiences and performances.

White, Glen; /SLAC; Seryi, Andrei; /SLAC; Woodley, Mark; /SLAC; Bai, Sha; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Bambade, Philip; /Orsay, LAL; Renier, Yves; /Orsay, LAL; Bolzon, Benoit; /Annecy, LAPP; Kamiya, Yoshio; /Tokyo U., ICEPP; Komamiya, Sachio; /Tokyo U.; Oroku, Masahiro; /Tokyo U.; Yamaguchi, Yohei; /Tokyo U.; Yamanaka, Takashi; /Tokyo U.; Kubo, Kiyoshi; /KEK, Tsukuba; Kuroda, Shigeru; /KEK, Tsukuba; Okugi, Toshiyuki; /KEK, Tsukuba; Tauchi, Toshiaki; /KEK, Tsukuba; Marin, Eduardo; /CERN

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

372

Development of tandem time-of-flight instrumentation for the examination of prompt photodissociation of peptides using 193-nm radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

YIHPF)........................................................................................ 115 65 Prompt photofragment ion spectrum of phosphorylated peptide KRpTLRR............................................................................................... 116 66 Prompt photofragment ion spectrum of phosphorylated peptide F(Nle)(Nle... acid sequence is then determined by manual inspection of the data [30], or via database searching [109- 111]. Although CID has several limitations, it is the most commonly employed method for tandem MS analysis [38,39]. For example, activation...

Morgan, Joseph William

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

373

Accident Investigation of the February 5, 2014, Underground Salt Haul Truck Fire at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad NM  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Accident Prevention Investigation Board was appointed to investigate a fire at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant that occurred on February 5, 2014. An aged EIMCO 985-T15 salt haul truck (dump truck) caught fire in an underground mine.

374

Advanced Oil Recovery Technologies for Improved Recovery from Slope Basin Clastic Reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool in Eddy County New Mexico was a cost-shared field demonstration project in the U.S. Department of Energy Class III Program. A major goal of the Class III Program was to stimulate the use of advanced technologies to increase ultimate recovery from slope-basin clastic reservoirs. Advanced characterization techniques were used at the Nash Draw Pool (NDP) project to develop reservoir management strategies for optimizing oil recovery from this Delaware reservoir. The objective of the project was to demonstrate that a development program, which was based on advanced reservoir management methods, could significantly improve oil recovery at the NDP. Initial goals were (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to other oil and gas producers. Analysis, interpretation, and integration of recently acquired geological, geophysical, and engineering data revealed that the initial reservoir characterization was too simplistic to capture the critical features of this complex formation. Contrary to the initial characterization, a new reservoir description evolved that provided sufficient detail regarding the complexity of the Brushy Canyon interval at Nash Draw. This new reservoir description was used as a risk reduction tool to identify 'sweet spots' for a development drilling program as well as to evaluate pressure maintenance strategies. The reservoir characterization, geological modeling, 3-D seismic interpretation, and simulation studies have provided a detailed model of the Brushy Canyon zones. This model was used to predict the success of different reservoir management scenarios and to aid in determining the most favorable combination of targeted drilling, pressure maintenance, well stimulation, and well spacing to improve recovery from this reservoir. An Advanced Log Analysis technique developed from the NDP project has proven useful in defining additional productive zones and refining completion techniques. This program proved to be especially helpful in locating and evaluating potential recompletion intervals, which has resulted in low development costs with only small incremental increases in lifting costs. To develop additional reserves at lower costs, zones behind pipe in existing wells were evaluated using techniques developed for the Brushy Canyon interval. These techniques were used to complete uphole zones in thirteen of the NDP wells. A total of 14 recompletions were done: four during 1999, four during 2000, two during 2001, and four during 2002-2003. These workovers added reserves of 332,304 barrels of oil (BO) and 640,363 MCFG (thousand cubic feet of gas) at an overall weighted average development cost of $1.87 per BOE (barrel of oil equivalent). A pressure maintenance pilot project in a developed area of the field was not conducted because the pilot area was pressure depleted, and the reservoir in that area was found to be compartmentalized and discontinuous. Economic analyses and simulation studies indicated that immiscible injection of lean hydrocarbon gas for pressure maintenance was not warranted at the NDP and would need to be considered for implementation in similar fields very soon after production has started. Simulation studies suggested that the injection of miscible carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) could recover significant quantities of oil at the NDP, but a source of low-cost CO{sub 2} was not available in the area. Results from the project indicated that further development will be under playa lakes and potash areas that were beyond the regions covered by well control and are not accessible with vertical wells. These areas, covered by 3-D seismic surveys that were obtained as part of the project, were accessed with combinations of deviated/horizontal wells. Three directional/horizontal wells have been drilled and completed to develop reserves under surface-restricted areas and potash mines. The third

Mark B. Murphy

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

Energy-phase coupling inside sapphire-based f-2f nonlinear interferometers from 800 to 1940??nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy-phase coupling inside f-2f nonlinear interferometers poses stringent limits on the tolerable pulse-to-pulse energy fluctuations of phase stable laser systems. Here we report a...

Marceau, Claude; Gingras, Guillaume; Thomas, Steven; Kassimi, Yacine; Witzel, Bernd

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Enhanced green upconversion emission of Er3+ through energy transfer by Dy3+ under 800 nm femtosecond-laser excitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Er3+ green upconversion (UC) emission corresponding to the transition of 4S3/2 (2H11/2)?4I15/2 is enhanced...

Li, Ai-Hua; Lü, Qiang; Zheng, Zhi-Ren; Sun, Liang; Wu, Wen-Zhi; Liu, Wei-Long; Chen, Heng-Zhi; Yang, Yan-Qiang; Lü, Tian-Quan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Size-selected 2, 5, and 10 nm gold nanoparticles for laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NP-to-analyte ratio, (ii) AuNP size, (iii) solvent, (iv) AuNP surface composition, (v) pH and buffer effects, (vi) amino acid sequence, and (vii) additives such as fructose or glycerol. Specifically, controlling the AuNP-to-analyte ratio, pH, peptide composition...

Stumpo, Katherine Anne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Advanced Oil Recovery Technologies for Improved Recovery from Slope Basin Clastic Reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool in Eddy County New Mexico is a cost-shared field demonstration project in the US Department of Energy Class II Program. A major goal of the Class III Program is to stimulate the use of advanced technologies to increase ultimate recovery from slope-basin clastic reservoirs. Advanced characterization techniques are being used at the Nash Draw project to develop reservoir management strategies for optimizing oil recovery from this Delaware reservoir. Analysis, interpretation, and integration of recently acquired geologic, geophysical, and engineering data revealed that the initial reservoir characterization was too simplistic to capture the critical features of this complex formation. Contrary to the initial characterization, a new reservoir description evolved that provided sufficient detail regarding the complexity of the Brushy Canyon interval at Nash Draw. This new reservoir description is being used as a risk reduction tool to identify ''sweet spots'' for a development drilling program as well as to evaluate pressure maintenance strategies. The reservoir characterization, geological modeling, 3-D seismic interpretation, and simulation studies have provided a detailed model of the Brushy Canyon zones. This model was used to predict the success of different reservoir management scenarios and to aid in determining the most favorable combination of targeted drilling, pressure maintenance, well simulation, and well spacing to improve recovery from this reservoir.

Murphy, Mark B.

1999-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

379

Advanced Oil Recovery Technologies for Improved Recovery from Slope Basin Clastic Reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced reservoir characterization techniques are being used at the Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool project to develop reservoir management strategies for optimizing oil recovery from this Delaware reservoir. The reservoir characterization, geologic modeling, 3-D seismic interpretation, and simulation studies have provided a detailed model of the Brushy Canyon zones. This model was used to predict the success of different reservoir management scenarios and to aid in determining the most favorable combination of targeted drilling, pressure maintenance, well stimulation, and well spacing to improve recovery from this reservoir.

Murphy, M.B.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Advanced Oil Recovery Technologies for Improved Recovery from Slope Basin Clastic Reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program-based on advanced reservoir management methods- can significantly improve oil recovery. The plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing its performance to an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals are (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere throughout the U.S. oil and gas industry.

Murphy, M.B.

1997-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Proceedings of the American Solar Energy Society Solar 98 Conference Albuquerque, NM (June 1998): 231-237.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and public policy changes. The DU concept describes a utility structure in which small scale generation utility company to defer investments in upgrading transmission and distribution facilities, among other

Delaware, University of

382

Verification Survey of Rooms 113, 114, and 208 of the Inhalation Toxicology Laboratory, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of the verification survey were to confirm that accessible surfaces of the three laboratories meet the DOE’s established criteria for residual contamination. Drain pipes and ductwork were not included within the survey scope.

T.J. Vitkus

2008-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

383

Photodissociation at 193 nm of some singly protonated peptides and proteins with m/z 20009000 using a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. With the establishment of various techniques to generate gas-phase ions from condensed-phase samples, tandem mass

Kim, Myung Soo

384

Research needs for material mixing at extremes: panel outbriefs Santa Fe NM, January 9-12, 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the panel outbrief slides from the second day of the workshop. The attendee list, who helped author these slides is provided.

Andrews, Malcolm John [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

385

60 nm Self-Aligned-Gate InGaAs HEMTs with Record High-Frequency Characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an opening in the SiO2 by anisotropic CF4/H2/Ar based plasma (Fig. 1b). We then carry out isotropic etching of the Mo layer by CF4/O2 plasma (Fig. 1c) to place the edge of the Mo contacts at a controlled distance

del Alamo, Jesús A.

386

Los Alamos Conference on Optics '81, 2nd, Los Alamos, NM, April 7-10, 1981, Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Among the topics discussed are improved aluminum coatings for UV optical components, thick optical films for the conduction of optical and IR radiation, glancing incidence optics for high-power lasers, the optical quality of pulsed aerodynamic laser windows, optical tooling for Antares, modeling the CF4 laser, optical fiber probes, ultraviolet phase conjugation and its implications, laser-induced bioluminescence, the use of a free-expansion jet in ultrahigh-resolution Raman spectroscopy, and sub-Doppler optoacoustic spectroscopy. Also considered are new liquid scintillators for fiber optic applications, the frequency response of the thermal lens, meteorological lidar developments, the design and performance of a new emission-line coronagraph, Smartt interferometers, multigigahertz beam diagnostics for laser fusion, and the surface characterization of metal optics.

Liebenberg, D.H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

ADVANCED OIL RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVED RECOVERY FROM SLOPE BASIN CLASTIC RESERVOIRS, NASH DRAW BRUSHY CANYON POOL, EDDY COUNTY, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program based on advanced reservoir management methods can significantly improve oil recovery at the Nash Draw Pool (NDP). The plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing its performance to an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals are (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere throughout the U.S. oil and gas industry.

Mark B. Murphy

2003-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

388

ADVANCED OIL RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVED RECOVERY FROM SLOPE BASIN CLASTIC RESERVOIRS, NASH DRAW BRUSHY CANYON POOL, EDDY COUNTY, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program based on advanced reservoir management methods can significantly improve oil recovery at the Nash Draw Pool (NDP). The plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing its performance to an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals are (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere throughout the U.S. oil and gas industry.

Mark B. Murphy

2004-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

389

Photofragment translational spectroscopy of propargyl radicals at 248 nm Scott J. Goncher, David T. Moore,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

small hydrocarbon intermediates, includ- ing combustion and interstellar chemistry.1­3 The bimolecu- lar to formation of polyaromatic hydrocarbons and soot.4­6 The radical itself has been studied extensively- lated using the heats of formation determined by Nguyen et al.25 that represent a combination of both

Neumark, Daniel M.

390

Nonlinear dynamics of sub-10 nm flying height air bearing slider in modern hard disk recording system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an experimental and analytical study of nonlinear dynamics of air bearing slider in modern hard disk recording system. Proximity recording sliders used for commercial hard disk drive were deployed for the experimental investigation. Flying height oscillation signal of the sliders in various proximity regimes (nano-meter level) were measured by using ultra-precision laser doppler vibrometer (LDV), and processed by using Matlab for time–frequency analysis and phase plot analysis. From the experimental results, it was found that two kinds of nonlinear oscillations exist in the system: the slider–disk contact-induced nonlinearity and the air bearing inherent nonlinearity. Primary resonance, superharmonic resonance and sub-harmonic resonance due to the nonlinearity were observed. A numerical–analytical model incorporating the nonlinear features of both slider air bearing oscillation and slider contact vibration was developed to quantitatively estimate spectral signatures. Direct numerical simulations were also carried out to simplified model to obtain phase plots. The analytical and numerical results agree with the experimental results well. It was shown that both the contact vibration and air bearing oscillation render the system to exhibit complex nonlinear features. Particularly, phase plots can be used to identify the slider–disk contact vibration and air bearing nonlinear oscillation, the former is characterized by “sharp corner” when the non-contact phase transferring to contact phase, and latter is characterized by “smooth corner” due to stiffness–softening feature of air bearing.

Gang Sheng; Rao Dukkipati; Jian Pang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

148 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 1, 2006 Radiation Resistance of Single-Frequency 1310-nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experiments, and for space and medical applications. Typical radiation doses in medical applications range to ionizing radiation using 200-MeV/c proton beams are reported. Twelve powered lasers survived a total radiation dose of up to 22.3 Mrad. One of the two not-powered lasers survived a total dose of 1.5 Mrad

Ye, Jingbo

392

Aqueous-Phase Synthesis of Sub 10 nm Pdcore@Ptshell Nanocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction Using Amphiphilic Triblock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

attention in the development of next-generation electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR NCs promising cathode catalysts for fuel cell applications. 1. INTRODUCTION In the past few years@Ptshell-structured electrocatalysts were expected to be one of the most effective approaches to resolve these problems. In addition

Liu, Fuqiang

393

Mechanism of Induction of c-fos by Ultraviolet B (290–320 nm) in Mouse JB6 Epidermal Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...portion of the solar spectrum possesses...cancer and has the capacity to stimulate epidermal...portion of the solar spectrum possesses...cancer and has the capacity to stimulate epidermal...portion of the solar spectrum possesses...cancer and has the capacity to stimulate epidermal...

Girish Shah; Rita Ghosh; Paul A. Amstad; and Peter A. Cerutti

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Sub-10-nm half-pitch electron-beam lithography by using poly(methyl methacrylate) as a negative resist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing high-resolution resists and processes for electron-beam lithography is of great importance for high-density magnetic storage, integrated circuits, and nanoelectronic and nanophotonic devices. Until now, hydrogen ...

Berggren, Karl K.

395

Complex Refractive Indices of Thin Films of Secondary Organic Materials by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry from 220 to 1200 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particles were produced in a flow tube reactor by ozonolysis of volatile organic compounds, including. By comparison, the UV absorption of the monoterpene-derived SOMs was negligible. On the basis of the measured and mode diameter. 1. INTRODUCTION Aerosol particles directly influence Earth's radiative balance

396

Chiral angle dependence of resonance window widths in (2n+m) families of single-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Raman spectra of isolated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were obtained for a wide range of laser excitation energies to study the resonance excitation window of the radial breathing mode feature for members of ...

Hsieh, Ya-Ping

397

ADVANCED OIL RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVED RECOVERY FROM SLOPE BASIN CLASTIC RESERVOIRS, NASH DRAW BRUSHY CANYON POOL, EDDY COUNTY, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program-based on advanced reservoir management methods-can significantly improve oil recovery at the Nash Draw Pool (NDP). The plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing its performance to an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals are (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere throughout the U.S. oil and gas industry. This is the twenty-eighth quarterly progress report on the project. Results obtained to date are summarized.

Mark B. Murphy

2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

398

Assistant Professor of Environmental Science, Plant and Environmental Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces NM, 88003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environmental standards; waste treatment; sustainable organic waste management practices; the rural Communication Workshop (Ontario Ministry for Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs) Expert Workshop Office Dairy Farmers of Ontario Annual Meeting, Toronto, Biosolids and Manure Workshop (Ontario Rural

Johnson, Eric E.

399

Tropomyosin Tm5NM1 Spatially Restricts Src Kinase Activity through Perturbation of Rab11 Vesicle Trafficking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Src Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) reporters...multiple reference images, green fluorescent protein...antibodies to total FAK (green) or autophosphorylated...YFP-Src Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) reporters...vesicles are represented in green. Arrows indicate the...

Cuc T. Bach; Rachael Z. Murray; Dylan Owen; Kat Gaus; Geraldine M. O'Neill

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

400

agreement with the size of the estimated pseudo-field (45 nm). The density-of-states peaks ob-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by combining the 1 SD in the addition energy variation for the first and last set of energies in Fig. 3G Electrical Wind Force­Driven and Dislocation-Templated Amorphization in Phase-Change Nanowires Sung-Wook Nam

Chen, Sow-Hsin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A fully 3D atomistic quantum mechanical study on random dopant induced effects in 25nm MOSFETs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Fully 3D Atomistic Quantum Mechanical Study on RandomWang* Abstract— We present a fully 3D atomistic quantum me-Dopant ?uctuation, MOSFETs, 3D, threshold, LCBB, quantum

Jiang, Xiang-Wei

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

A three-beam water vapor sensor system for combustion diagnostics using a 1390 nm tunable diode laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

H{sub 2}O(v) is an important species in combustion and hypersonic flow measurements because it is a primary combustion product. Measurements of water vapor can be used to determine performance parameters, such as extent and efficiency of combustion in propulsion and aerodynamics facilities. Water vapor concentration measurement in these high-temperature hypervelocity combustion conditions requires very high sensitivity and fast time response. A three-beam diode laser H{sub 2}O(v) measurement system for nonintrusive combustion diagnostics has been developed at NASA Langley Research Center and successfully tested and installed at GASL NASA HYPULSE facility for routine operation. The system was built using both direct laser absorption spectroscopy and frequency modulation laser spectroscopy. The output beam from a distributed feedback (DFB) InGaAsP diode laser (emitting around 1.39 {micro}m) is split into three equal-powered equal-distanced parallel beams with separation of 9 mm. With three beams, the authors are able to obtain water vapor number densities at three locations. Frequency modulation spectroscopy technique is used to achieve high detection sensitivity. The diode laser is modulated at radio frequency (RF), while the wavelength of the diode laser is tuned to scan over a strong water vapor absorption line. The detected RF signal is then demodulated at the fundamental frequency of the modulation (one-F demodulation). A working model and a computer software code have been developed for data process and data analysis. Water vapor number density measurements are achieved with consideration of temperature dependence. Experimental results and data analysis will be presented.

Wang, L.G. [Coll. of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Vay, S. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Hampton, VA (United States). Langley Research Center

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

403

Statistical Modeling of Pipeline Delay and Design of Pipeline under Process Variation to Enhance Yield in sub-100nm Technologies*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Modeling of Pipeline Delay and Design of Pipeline under Process Variation to Enhance), Intel Corp. and Semiconductor Research Corp. (SRC). Abstract Operating frequency of a pipelined circuit is determined by the delay of the slowest pipeline stage. However, under statistical delay variation in sub-100

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

404

Electron storage ring BESSY as a radiometric source of calculable spectral radiant power between 0.5 and 1000 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spectral radiant power of the electron storage ring BESSY was measured absolutely in the infrared and visible, and its angular distribution in the infrared, visible, and soft-x-ray...

Riehle, F; Wende, B

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Sub-15 nm Photo-electron Source Using a Nano-aperture Integrated with a Nano-antenna  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a nano-scale C-aperture nano-tip photo-electron source with a CsBr photo-cathode. We fabricated the structure and estimated the optical spot available in the CsBr thin film...

Cheng, Yao-Te; Takashima, Yuzuru; Maldonado, Juan R; Scipioni, Larry; Ferranti, David; Pianetta, Piero A; Hesselink, Lambertus; Pease, Roger F

406

High-efficiency, energy-scalable, coherent 130-nm source by four-wave mixing in Hg vapor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coherent vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) pulses with energy of 1.1 mJ, 2.2-nsec pulse length (2 MW cm?2 unfocused), and measured bandwidth ?0.1 cm?1 have been achieved...

Muller, C H; Smith, A V; Lowenthal, D D; DeFaccio, M A

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Final Environmental Assessment Small-Scale Geothermal Power Plant and Direct-Use Geothermal Application at AmeriCulture Inc., Cotton City, NM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Colorado 80401-3393 Colorado 80401-3393 August 26, 2002 DOE/EA-1396 FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT For the SMALL-SCALE POWER PLANT AND DIRECT-USE GEOTHERMAL APPLICATION At AMERICULTURE, INC., COTTON CITY, NEW MEXICO AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy, Golden Field Office ACTION: Finding of No Significant impact (FONSI) SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducted an Environmental Assessment (EA) of the Small-Scale Power Plant and Direct-Use Application at AmeriCulture, Inc. to evaluate potential impacts of construction and operations that would be funded in part by DOE. Small geothermal power plants have the potential for widespread application, but achieving cost- effectiveness in small plant sizes presents a number of challenges. To address these challenges, DOE is supporting the small-scale field verification projects to (1) determine and validate the

408

G:\Corplan\!MbrMaterials\PROD-NM\CUSTOM\LANS\2013\plan compare_ACTIVE EE_ppo epo cdhp_2013_DRAFT.wpd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 BCBSNM-Administered Medical Programs: ACTIVE EMPLOYEES ONLY 3 BCBSNM-Administered Medical Programs: ACTIVE EMPLOYEES ONLY At-A-Glance Comparison of 2013 Non-Medicare Medical Program Benefits At-A-Glance: Comparing the 2013 PPO, EPO, and CDHP Medical Programs  Medical Program Benefit Comparison PPO Benefits & Cost-Sharing CDHP + HRA Benefits & Cost-Sharing EPO Benefits & Cost-Sharing Preferred Provider (In-Network) Nonpreferred Provider (Out-of-Network) Preferred Provider (In-Network) Nonpreferred Provider (Out-of-Network) Preferred Provider (Only limited coverage for out-of-network care) Calendar Year Deductible - All services are subject to deductible unless otherwise indicated below. $250 Individual $750 Family $500 Individual $1500 Family $1500/Individual $2250/Employee + Adult OR $2250/Employee + Child(ren)

409

Revision 12-10-99 13. Summary of Materials Considerations and Data Base (S.J. Zinkle, S. Majumdar and N.M.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

project includes conventional materials (e.g., austenitic stainless steel), low-activation structural-activation structural materials are summarized in Section 13.3. A thermal stress figure of merit convenient is the ultimate strength, E is the elastic modulus, is Poisson's ratio, kth is the thermal conductivity, and th is the

California at Los Angeles, University of

410

Accident Investigation of the December 11, 2013, Integrated Device Fireset and Detonator Accidental Discharge at the Sandia National Laboratory Site 9920, Albuquerque, NM  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Accident Investigation Board investigated an accident at Sandia National Laboratories, Site 9920 on December 11, 2013. Site 9920 personnel were testing an integrated explosive device, containing a fireset and detonator when the IED unexpectedly went off during handling, causing injury to the firing officer’s left hand.

411

3D RECONSTRUCTION OF SUB-NM BEAM PROFILES IN STEM G. Mbus, R.E. Dunin-Borkowski, C.J.D. Hetherington, J.L. Hutchison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/laminography problem for which various commercial software exists such as IDL (RSI inc., Boulder, USA). Results-simulation software identical to that used for HREM. Here an EMS [4] implementation is used [5]. A two step filtering

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

412

Tiu Ch Chn La D n Khi Phc Sm Vo ngy 21 thng 4 nm 2011, cc y Vin nh Gi Tn Hi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

con ngi bng cách khôi phc, phc hi môi trng sng, thay th, hoc thu gom mt lng tng ng vi ngun tài nguyên thiên nhiên có cht lng, giá tr sinh thái hoc dân dng tng ng n bù các tài nguyên và dch v b tn hi t s c, nhng vn c chp nhn và hu ích giúp sàng lc mt s lng ln các d án có tim nng. Không mt yu t nào c s dng nh

413

PHYSICAL REVIEW A 84, 043641 (2011) Optimized Bose-Einstein-condensate production in a dipole trap based on a 1070-nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: unexpected high atom losses have been observed especially when using cost-efficient high-power multifrequencyPHYSICAL REVIEW A 84, 043641 (2011) Optimized Bose-Einstein-condensate production in a dipole trap-Einstein condensates (BEC) of 87 Rb in a crossed dipole trap with direct loading from a magneto-optical trap

Birkl, Gerhard

414

Repair of 254 nm ultraviolet-induced (6-4) photoproducts: monoclonal antibody recognition and differential defects in xeroderma pigmentosum complementation groups A, D, and variant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Repair kinetics of ultraviolet (UV) light-induced (6-4) photoproducts in xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A, D, and variant cells were studied by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a specific monoclonal antibody raised against (6-4) photoproducts, together with unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) and loss of T4 endonuclease V-susceptible sites (ESS). Group AXP35KO cells completely failed to repair both ESS (cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers) and antibody-recognizing (6-4) photoproducts until tested 24 h after irradiation, and had 2% early-time UDS. Group DXP43KO cells showed about 10% removal of both (6-4) photoproducts and ESS in 24 h, despite showing a residually higher level of 40% early-time and cumulative UDS. Thus, the results substantiated the extreme UV hypersensitivity of XP group A and D cells. However, XP52KO variant cells exhibited the normal level of UDS and ESS loss, but a slightly reduced repair of antibody-recognizing (6-4) photoproducts at 6 and 12 h after irradiation, which may account for a small UV hypersensitivity of the XP variant cells.

Hiramoto, T.; Matsunaga, T.; Ichihashi, M.; Nikaido, O.; Fujiwara, Y.; Mishima, Y. (Kobe Univ. (Japan))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Human melanopsin forms a pigment maximally sensitive to blue light (?max ? 479 nm) supporting activation of Gq/11 and Gi/o signalling cascades  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...interest in the extent to which current lighting design engages this new photoreceptor...response of mouse melanopsin to a variety of lighting conditions [51]. The method for calculating...work was supported by grants from the Medical Research Council (Milstein Award to...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

NM23-H2 may play an indirect role in transcriptional activation of c-myc gene expression but does not cleave the nuclease hypersensitive element III1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...measurements at BioCars Sector 14, Advanced Photon...inactivation of the kinase by heating for 5 min at 95C. Labeled...electrophoresis (16% PAGE). For construction of double-stranded...were measured at BioCars Sector 14, Advanced Photon...3 1.7 1.7 ----Space group P212121 P212121...

Thomas S. Dexheimer; Steven S. Carey; Song Zuohe; Vijay M. Gokhale; Xiaohui Hu; Lauren B. Murata; Estelle M. Maes; Andrzej Weichsel; Daekyu Sun; Emmanuelle J. Meuillet; William R. Montfort; and Laurence H. Hurley

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Astron. Nachr. / AN 999, No. 88, 789 794 (2006) / DOI please set DOI! Sulphur abundances in halo stars from Multiplet 3 at 1045 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the chemical evo- lution of a stellar population: they are almost exclusively re- leased by Type II Supernovae to iron abundance ratios than found in the Sun and stars of solar metallicity. This is usu- ally

Boyer, Edmond

418

Isotope 18O/16O ratio measurements of water vapor by use of the 950-nm wavelength region with cavity ring-down and photoacoustic spectroscopic techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two optical methods, cavity ring-down spectroscopy and photoacoustic spectroscopy, are applied to the measurement of the isotope ratio 18O/16O in water-vapor...

Samura, Ken; Hashimoto, Satoshi; Kawasaki, Masahiro; Hayashida, Akira; Kagi, Eriko; Ishiwata, Takashi; Matsumi, Yutaka

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Simulador de realidad virtual para el entrenamiento en vaporización fotoselectiva de la próstata con láser de diodo 980 nm y curva de aprendizaje de la técnica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ResumenObjetivo Se investiga la utilidad de un simulador de realidad virtual para el entrenamiento de la vaporización fotoselectiva de la próstata con láser de diodo. Material y método Se han practicado 2 experimentos con un simulador (VirtaMed AG, Zürich, Suiza) con software para entrenamiento específico en vaporización prostática modo de contacto con fibra Twister (Biolitec AG, Jena, Alemania). Dieciocho cirujanos realizaron ablación prostática (55 cc) por duplicado y se comparó la puntuación obtenida (190 puntos eficacia y 80 seguridad) en la segunda de ellas por grupos de experiencia (alumnos médicos, residentes, especialistas). También realizaron prueba de orientación espacial con puntuaciones de 0 a 6. Posteriormente 6 de estos cirujanos repitieron 15 ablaciones prostáticas (55 y 70 ml). Se evalúa la mejora de los parámetros obtenidos para definir la curva de aprendizaje y cómo influye la experiencia, las habilidades de orientación espacial y el tipo de secuencia realizada. Resultados La puntuación global de eficacia y seguridad fue diferente según el grado de experiencia (p = 0,005). Al comparar por pares se detectaron diferencias especialista-alumno (p = 0,004), pero no especialista-residente (p = 0,12) o residente-alumno (p = 0,2). Con respecto a la eficacia del procedimiento se detectan diferencias especialista-alumno (p = 0,0026) y residente-alumno (p = 0,08). Los indicadores parciales diferentes en términos de eficacia fueron tasa de ablación (p = 0,01), tiempo de procedimiento (p = 0,03) y cantidad de cápsula no expuesta (p = 0,03). No se observaron diferencias entre grupos en seguridad (p = 0,5). Con respecto a la curva de aprendizaje la mediana del porcentaje sobre la puntuación total superó el 90% tras realizar 4 procedimientos para próstatas de 55  ml y 10 para glándulas de 70 ml. Esta evolución no se modificó por experiencia previa (residente-especialista; p = 0,6), pero sí según la secuencia de repetición (progresiva-aleatoria; p = 0,007). Los cirujanos con orientación espacial inferior a la mediana del grupo (valor 2,5) no superaron el 90% de puntuación a pesar de la repetición del procedimiento. Conclusión La simulación para la ablación prostática con láser de diodo de contacto es un buen modelo de aprendizaje con validez discriminativa, al correlacionar resultados métricos con niveles de experiencia y habilidades. La repetición secuencial del procedimiento en niveles crecientes de dificultad favorece el aprendizaje. AbstractObjective The utility of a virtual reality simulator for training of the photoselective vaporization of the prostate with diode laser was studied. Material and method Two experiments were performed with a simulator (VirtaMed AG, Zürich, Switzerland) with software for specific training in prostate vaporization in contact mode with Twister fiber (Biolitec AG, Jena, German). Eighteen surgeons performed ablation of the prostate (55 cc) twice and compared the score obtained (190 points efficacy and 80 safety) in the second one of them by experience groups (medical students, residents, specialists). They also performed a spatial orientation test with scores of 0 to 6. After, six of these surgeons repeated 15 ablations of the prostate (55 and 70 ml). Improvement of the parameters obtained was evaluated to define the learning curve and how experience, spatial orientation skills and type of sequences performed affects them. Results Global efficacy and safety score was different according to the grade of experience (P = .005). When compared by pairs, specialist-student differences were detected (p = 0.004), but not specialist-resident (P = .12) or resident-student (P = .2). Regarding efficacy of the procedure, specialist-student (p = 0.0026) and resident-student (P = .08) differences were detected. The different partial indicators in terms

J.C. Angulo; I. Arance; A. García-Tello; M.M. Las Heras; G. Andrés; H. Gimbernat; F. Lista; F. Ramón de Fata

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

The Model 5000-16C 1000 WATT FEL Lamp Standard pro-vides absolute calibration of spectral irradiance from 250 nm to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Model 5000-16C 1000 WATT FEL Lamp Standard pro- vides absolute calibration of spectral. It has been selected by the National Institute of Standards and Technology to replace the 1000 watt, DXW-pin 1000 watt lamp that is adapted by Gamma Scientific into a bi-post configuration. It is used

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Assessment of Water Resources in A Humid Watershed and A Semi-arid Watershed; Neches River Basin, TX and Canadian River Basin, NM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water is the most important resource on Earth. Climate and land cover changes are two important factors that directly influenced water resources. This research provides important information for water resources management and contributes...

Heo, Joonghyeok

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

422

Temperature Dependent Absorption Cross-Sections of O2-O2 collision pairs1 between 340 and 630 nm and at atmospherically relevant pressure2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(CIA). At 203 K, van der Waals complexes (O2-dimer) contribute less than26 0.14% to the O4 absorption induced absorption (CIA) results in38 additional O4-CIA absorption from O2-O2 collision pairs that overlap that of O2-dimer. With CIA,39 the selection rules of molecular O2 transitions are relaxed as a result

423

Continuous-wave laser oscillation in subsonic flow on the 1315 nm atomic iodine transition pumped by electric discharge produced O2,,a 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the experimental setup is shown in Fig. 1. A radio frequency rf electric discharge at 13.56 MHz operating between a 1 produced by a radio-frequency-excited electric discharge. The electric discharge was sustained two internal hollow cathode electrodes was used as the excitation source. The plasma zone

Carroll, David L.

424

Office of the Vice President for Health Sciences Health Sciences and Services Bldg. Albuquerque, NM 87131-5001 Phone (505) 272-5849 Fax (505) 272-3601  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;#12;R. Philip Eaton, MD Interim Vice President, Health Sciences Center Stephen W . McKernan Chief Sciences Center Library Stephanie W ilson Senior Associate University Counsel Bob Earnest Associate Vice President, Finance & Administration Mary Kenney Associate Director of Facility Planning, Health Sciences

Maccabe, Barney

425

Excited-state absorption and 1064-nm end-pumped laser emission of Nd:YVO4 single-crystal fiber grown by laser-heated pedestal growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an investigation of the excited-state absorption and laser emission of a 1.0-at.%-Nd3+ -doped YVO4 single-crystal fiber grown by the low-cost and...

de Camargo, Andrea S S; Nunes, Luiz Antonio O; Ardila, Diogenes R; Andreeta, José Pedro

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Promotion of Renewable Energies for Water Production through Desalination 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY ALAMOGORDO, NEW MEXICO 13-DEC-2011 PLATAFORMA SOLAR (PSA) PSA is one of the biggest and most Energies for Water Production through Desalination Guillermo Zaragoza, Plataforma Solar de Almeria Dr and a reference in solar energy for the last 30 years. PSA is a division of the Center for Energy, Environment

Johnson, Eric E.

427

Preparation of poly(acrylamide)/nanoclay organic-inorganic hybrid nanoparticles with average size of ?250 nm via inverse Pickering emulsion polymerization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the preparation of poly(acrylamide)/nanoclay organic-inorganic hybrid nanoparticles via surfactant-free...

Samira Abdolbaghi; Saeed Pourmahdian; Younes Saadat

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Ultrahigh speed 1050nm swept source / Fourier domain OCT retinal and anterior segment imaging at 100,000 to 400,000 axial scans per second  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate ultrahigh speed swept source/Fourier domain ophthalmic OCT imaging using a short cavity swept laser at 100,000 – 400,000 axial scan rates. Several design configurations illustrate tradeoffs in imaging speed, ...

Potsaid, Benjamin M.

429

A 10Gb/s compact low-power serial I/O with DFE-IIR equalization in 65nm CMOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design of compact low-power I/O transceivers continues to be a challenge for both chip-to-chip and backplane applications. The introduction of dense fine-pitch silicon packaging technologies, that in principle are ...

Kim, Byungsub

430

Absolute frequency control of a 1560 nm (192 THz) semiconductor laser locked to a rubidium absorption line interrogated by a second harmonic generated signal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrated second harmonic generation from a 1560 run DFB laser using a KNbO{sub 3} crystal. The 780 mm beam was used to interrogate a Rb line and lock the DFB laser frequency. We devised a setup to observe a saturated absorption profile which should be used to improve the frequency control.

Poulin, M.; Latrasse, C.; Tetu, M.; Breton, M. [Universite Laval, Ste Foy (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

431

A 0.5m Pixel Frame-Transfer CCD Image Sensor in 110nm CMOS Keith Fife, Abbas El Gamal and H.-S. Philip Wong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

no metal layers to achieve maximum light sensitivity, while the rest of the image sensor is light shielded by several metal layers that are also used to distribute global control signals. The image sensor is designed/D implant masked out in between electrodes. No silicide is used in the pixel array area. STI is used

El Gamal, Abbas

432

Page 312 Courses: Environmental Studies and Planning (ENSP) Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog ENSP 306 ENviroNmENtal EthicS (3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tual foundations for an environmental ethic. Prerequisite: completion of GE category A (Communication in which different cultural groups have perceived, used, managed, and conserved it from colonial times to the pres- ent. Changes in attitudes and behavior toward nature and the conservation/environ- mental

Ravikumar, B.

433

30 nm In0.7Ga0.3As Inverted-Type HEMTs with Reduced Gate Leakage Current for Logic Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

two orders of magnitude and yields excellent logic characteristics. This device architecture is also the development of simulators that would allows us to chart the future of a III-V logic technology [4

del Alamo, Jesús A.

434

Single YVO4:Eu nanoparticle emission spectra using direct Eu3+ ion excitation with a sum-frequency 465-nm solid-state laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report emission spectrum measurements on single YxEu1-xVO4 nanoparticles. The inhomogeneous widths of the emission peaks are identical for single...

Nguyên, Thanh-Liêm; Castaing, Marc; Gacoin, Thierry; Boilot, Jean-Pierre; Balembois, François; Georges, Patrick; Alexandrou, Antigoni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Electronic and magnetic properties of Co_n Mo_m nanoclusters with n+m = x and 2<=x<=6 atoms from DFT calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of the density functional theory study of Co_n Mo_m nanoclusters with n+m=x and 2content and increases with increasing n. The magnetic anisotropy on the other hand becomes smaller for larger magnetic moments S. We observe an increase in the binding energy, electron affinity, and average bond length with increasing cluster size as well as a decrease in the ionization potential, chemical potential, molecular hardness and the HOMO-LUMO gap.

Liebing, Simon; Trepte, Kai; Kortus, Jens

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Abstract--We present an InP HBT scaling roadmap through 32 nm. Target device bandwidths increase as the inverse square  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ln . Here InPK is the substrate thermal conductivity and P the dissipated power. We must reduce of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106. E. Lind, is now with Lund University, Lund, Sweden. Work supported gate delay [3]. HBTs for mm-wave amplification are designed for highest maxf and for 2/maxff > , while

Rodwell, Mark J. W.

437

DAVID J. DANIEL Advanced Computing, MS B287, LANL, Los Alamos, NM 87545 505-667-0883 ddd@lanl.gov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technologies team in the Advanced Computing Laboratory (CCS-1). A primary developer of the Los Alamos Message. Software Consultant / Member of Technical Staff, 1998-2001. Development of technology to promote the Alpha server, web cache and HPC markets. Designed and implemented intranet database and information systems

438

High-energy femtosecond 1086/543-nm fiber system for nano- and micromachining in transparent materials and on solid surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first experimental results on a fiber laser system that generates femtosecond pulses with an energy of 1 ?J at a wavelength of 1086 and an energy of 300 nJ at a wavelength of ... respect to the effective freq...

S. M. Kobtsev; S. V. Kukarin; Y. S. Fedotov; A. V. Ivanenko

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Experimental investigation of the stimulated Brillouin scattering growth and saturation at 526 and 351 nm for direct drive and shock ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have designed experiments to study the effect of the laser wavelength (0.527 versus 0.351 {mu}m) on the coupling efficiency in plasma conditions relevant to compression and shock ignition (SI) schemes in different intensity regimes. A difficult issue was to produce interaction conditions that are equivalent for the two wavelengths. This was obtained by using plasma preformed from a solid target with a plasma-preforming beam at the same wavelength as the interaction beam. This produced an almost exponential density profile from vacuum to the critical density of the interaction beam in which all interaction mechanisms are taken into account. The growth and saturation of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) have been measured at the two wavelengths, in backward as well as in near-backward directions. We have found that the SBS intensity threshold is {approx}1.5 times higher at 3{omega} than at 2{omega} in agreement with the I{lambda} dependence of the SBS gain. The SBS behaviour is very well reproduced by the linear calculations of the postprocessor PIRANAH, giving us confidence that we have a good control of the relevance of the experimental conditions for the study of the laser wavelength effect on laser-plasma coupling. When SBS reaches the saturation regime, same levels of reflectivity are measured at 2 and 3{omega}. Numerical simulations were performed with the paraxial code HERA to study the contribution of the fluid mechanisms in the saturation of SBS, showing that pump depletion and interplay with filamentation are likely to be the most important processes in SBS saturation for these conditions. This scenario also applies to the SBS of shock ignition high-intensity beams.

Depierreux, S.; Loiseau, P.; Tassin, V.; Masson-Laborde, P.-E.; Goyon, C. [CEA DAM DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Michel, D. T.; Yahia, V. [CEA DAM DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); LULI, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, CEA, UPMC, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Stenz, C. [CELIA, Universite Bordeaux 1, 351 cours de la Liberation, 33405 Talence cedex (France); Labaune, C. [LULI, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, CEA, UPMC, 91128 Palaiseau (France)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

A 15.8 pJ/bit/iter Quasi-Cyclic LDPC Decoder for IEEE 802.11n in 90 nm CMOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Meinerzhagen, C. Studer, and A. Burg Integrated Systems Laboratory, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland e-mail: {rothc, meinerzhagen, apburg}@iis.ee.ethz.ch Communication Technology Laboratory, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NCED Australia Research Update 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy 51 NCED Australia Research Update David Furukawa, National New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy 53 9 10 11 12 13 14 #12;December 13 Desalination and Renewable Energy 55 21 22 23 24 25 26 #12;December 13-14, 2011 David Furukawa, National Centre

Johnson, Eric E.

442

DOE/EIS-0350: Record of Decision: Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (02/14/04)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 7 Federal Register / Vol. 69, No. 29 / Thursday, February 12, 2004 / Notices 1 Paiute Pipeline Company, 105 FERC ¶ 61,271 selecting third-party contractors will now be consistent with the approach currently used for applications for certification of natural gas facilities. The attached document provides an overview for starting the process. Additional information is available on the Commission's Web site at http:// www.ferc.gov/industries/hydropower/ enviro/third-party/tpc.asp. Magalie R. Salas, Secretary. Office of Energy Projects; Third-Party Contracting Program The Office of Energy Project's voluntary ''third-party contracting'' (3-PC) program enables applicants seeking certificates for natural gas facilities or licenses for hydroelectric power projects to fund a third-

443

Extension of Scoping Period for the Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Operation of a Biosafety Level 3 Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (DOE/EIS-0388) (12/30/05)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

379 Federal Register 379 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 250 / Friday, December 30, 2005 / Notices (collectively, ''Petitioners'') and Ugine & ALZ Belgium, NV (Respondent), the Department of Commerce (the Department) initiated an administrative review of the antidumping duty order on stainless steel plate in coils (SSPC) from Belgium. See Notice of Initiation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews, 70 FR 37749 (Initiation Notice). This administrative review covered the period of May 1, 2004, through April 30, 2005. We are now rescinding this review as a result of both Petitioners' and Respondent's withdrawal of their requests for an administrative review. EFFECTIVE DATE: December 30, 2005. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Toni Page or Scott Lindsay, AD/CVD

444

Notice of Availability of the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (DOE/EIS-0380D) (07/07/06)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

638 Federal Register 638 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 130 / Friday, July 7, 2006 / Notices 1 Northern Natural Gas Company, 115 FERC ¶ 61,254 (2006). 1 Pinnacle West Capital Corp., 115 FERC ¶ 61,292 (2006). DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. RP06-332-000] Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Technical Conference June 28, 2006. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission will convene a technical conference regarding Northern Natural Gas Company's proposal to adjust the boundary of its Operational Zones ABC and EF to the Iowa/Minnesota border in order to provide that delivery points in northern Iowa currently located in Operational Zone EF be moved to Operational Zone ABC, and delivery points in southwestern Minnesota currently located in Operational Zone

445

DOE/EIS-0350-SA-01: Supplement Analysis for Environmental Impact Statement for the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement (CMRR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (01/05)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SA-01 SA-01 Supplement Analysis Environmental Impact Statement for the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement (CMRR) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico Changes to the Location of the CMRR Facility Components January 2005 Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Site Office Supplement Analysis Introduction This Supplement Analysis (SA) has been prepared to determine if the Environmental Impact Statement for the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (CMRR EIS) (DOE/EIS-0350) adequately addresses the environmental effects of proposed changes in the location of certain components of the Preferred Alternative that the National Nuclear Security

446

Process-Based Cost Modeling of Photonics Manufacture: The Cost Competitiveness of Monolithic Integration of a 1550-nm DFB Laser and an Electroabsorptive Modulator on an InP Platform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The monolithic integration of components holds promise to increase network functionality and reduce packaging expense. Integration also drives down yield due to manufacturing...

Fuchs, Erica R H; Bruce, E J; Ram, R J; Kirchain, Randolph E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 42, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2007 2745 A 14-mW 6.25-Gb/s Transceiver in 90-nm CMOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USA (e-mail: jp@rambus.com). J. Eyles was with Rambus, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC 27514 USA. He is now. The transceiver em- ploys a number of features for reducing power consumption, in- cluding a shared LC-PLL clock, 2007. J. Poulton, R. Palmer, A. M. Fuller, and T. Greer are with Rambus, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC 27514

Palermo, Sam

448

Advanced oil recovery technologies for improved recovery from slope basin clastic reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM. Quarterly technical progress report, October 1--December 31, 1996 (fifth quarter)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program--based on advanced reservoir management methods--can significantly improve oil recovery. The plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques while comparing its performance to an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals are (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program, can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere throughout the US oil and gas industry. Results so far are described on geology, engineering, 3-D seismic, reservoir characterization and simulation, and technology transfer.

NONE

1997-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

449

Advanced oil recovery technologies for improved recovery from slope basin clastic reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM. Quarterly technical progress report, April 1, 1996--June 30, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program based on advanced reservoir management methods can significantly improve oil recovery. The demonstration plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing the performance of the control area with an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals to attain the objective are: (1) to demonstrate that a development drilling program and pressure maintenance program, based on advanced reservoir management methods, can significantly improve oil recovery compared with existing technology applications, and (2) to transfer the advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere in the U.S. oil and gas industry.

Murphy, M.B.

1996-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

450

Advanced oil recovery technologies for improved recovery from slope basin clastic reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM. Quarterly technical progress report, July 1--September 30, 1996 (fourth quarter)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program based on advanced reservoir management methods can significantly improve oil recovery. The demonstration plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing the performance of the control area with an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals to attain the objective are: (1) to demonstrate that a development drilling program and pressure maintenance program, based on advanced reservoir management methods, can significantly improve oil recovery compared with existing technology applications, and (2) to transfer the advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere in the US oil and gas industry. Results obtained to date are summarized on the following: geology, engineering, 3-D seismic, reservoir characterization and simulation, and technology transfer.

NONE

1996-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

Advanced oil recovery technologies for improved recovery from slope basin clastic reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM. Quarterly technical progress report, January 1--March 31, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program--based on advanced reservoir management methods--can significantly improve oil recovery at the Nash Draw Pool (NDP). The plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing its performance to an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals are (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere throughout the US oil and gas industry. Results obtained to date are summarized for the following: geostatistics and reservoir mapping; reservoir engineering; reservoir characterization/reservoir simulation; miscible recovery simulations; and technology transfer.

NONE

1998-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

452

Advanced oil recovery technologies for improved recovery from slope basin clastic reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM. Quarterly technical progress report (seventh quarter), April 1--June 30, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program -- based on advanced reservoir management methods -- can significantly improve oil recovery. The plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing its performance to an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals are (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere throughout the US oil and gas industry. Results obtained to date are summarized.

NONE

1997-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

453

Structural, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Highly Ordered Mesoporous MCr2O4 and MCr2–xFexO4 (M = Co, Zn) Spinel Thin Films with Uniform 15 nm Diameter Pores and Tunable Nanocrystalline Domain Sizes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

§ Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, 321-8585 Utsunomiya, Japan ... Such magnetic ferroelectricity, showing an unprecedented sensitivity to ap plied magnetic fields, occurs in frustrated magnets with competing interactions between spins and complex magnetic orders. ...

Christian Suchomski; Christian Reitz; Kirstin Brezesinski; Célia Tavares de Sousa; Marcus Rohnke; Ken-ichi Iimura; Joao Pedro Esteves de Araujo; Torsten Brezesinski

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

454

P. F. Carcia, R. H. French, K. Sharp, J. S. Meth, B. W. Smith, "Materials Screening for Attenuating Embedded Phase-Shift Photoblanks for DUV and 193 nm Photolithography", 16th Annual BACUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. F. Carcia, R. H. French, K. Sharp, J. S. Meth, B. W. Smith, "Materials Screening for Attenuating. F. Carcia, R. H. French, K. Sharp, J. S. Meth, B. W. Smith# DuPont Co. Central Research of a broad based literature search and materials screening effort to identify and evaluate versatile

Rollins, Andrew M.

455

ONIOM Study of Chemical Reactions in Microsolvation Clusters: (H2O)(n)CH3Cl+OH-(H2O)(m) (n+m = 1 and 2)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reliability of the two-layered ONIOM (our own N-layered molecular orbital + molecular mechanics) method was examined for the investigation of the SN2 reaction pathway (reactants, reactant complexes, transition states, product complexes, and products) between CH3Cl and an OH- ion in microsolvation clusters with one or two water molecules. Only the solute part, CH3Cl and OH-, was treated at a high level of molecular orbital (MO) theory, and all solvent water molecules were treated at a low MO level. The ONIOM calculation at the MP2 (Moller-Plesset second order perturbation)/aug-cc-pVDZ (augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence double-zeta basis set) level of theory as the high level coupled with the B3LYP (Becke 3 parameter-Lee-Yag-Parr)/6-31+G(d) as the low level was found to reasonably reproduce the "target"geometries at the MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ level of theory. The energetics can be further improved to an average absolute error of <1.0 kcal/mol per solvent water molecule relative to the target CCSD(T) (coupled cluster singles and doubles with triples by perturbation)/aug-cc-pVDZ level by using the ONIOM method in which the high level was CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVDZ level with the low level of MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ. The present results indicate that the ONIOM method would be a powerful tool for obtaining reliable geometries and energetics for chemical reactions in larger microsolvated clusters with a fraction of cost of the full high level calculation, when an appropriate combination of high and low level methods is used. The importance of a careful test is emphasized.

Re, Suyong; Morokuma, Keiji

2001-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

456

Document informat a la Comissi Permanent del Consell de Govea 12/7/2011. Acord nm. 136/2011 del Consell de Govern pel qual s'aprova la concessi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PMU) "Campus Universitari del Besòs". Aquest Pla especial va ser promogut pel Consorci del Campus'acord número 141/2010 del Consell de Govern de data 28 d'octubre del 2010, es va acceptar el dret de superfície en data 30 de setembre del 2010 l'Ajuntament de Sant Adrià del Besòs va aprovar provisionalment una

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

457

Amended Record of Decision for the Conveyance and Transfer of Certain Land Tracts Administered by the Department of Energy and Located at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos and Santa Fe Counties, NM, DOE/EIS-0293 (7/9/02)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

95 95 Federal Register / Vol. 67, No. 131 / Tuesday, July 9, 2002 / Notices Proof of Delivery of Request and Supporting Documents Submissions Delivered by Mail If you submit documents by mail when appliable, we accept as proof of mailing one of the following: (1) A legible mail receipt with the date of mailing stamped by the U.S. Postal Service. (2) A legible dated U.S. Postal Service postmark. (3) Other proof of mailing or delivery acceptable to the Secretary. We do not accept either of the following as proof of mailing: (1) A private metered postmark, or (2) a mail receipt that is not dated by the U.S. Postal Service. Institutions should note that the U.S. Postal Service does not uniformly provide a dated postmark. Before relying on this method, an

458

Design and Performance of the COOPS Sun Photometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wavelength(nm) MOBY Optronics Ratio A Radiance System2-nm-sr-counts ( cont. ) Wavelength(nm) MOBY Optronics RatioWavelength(nm) MOBY Ratio Optronics 0.. O l l i A Radiance

Beatman, Luke Valentine

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

MonolayerThickness of Block Copolymer Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.47 · Index of ref. for PS-PEHMA 1.51 #12;Annealing the films · Tg 22nm 24nm Height Images #12;AFM 12-33 26nm 28nm 30nm Bi-continuous #12;12-33Area% 13.08 31.55 41 Area % Thickness (nm) Monolayer: 18.86nm Bilayer: 37.72nm #12;Monolayer thickness 12

Petta, Jason

460

HEXIM1 forms a transcriptionally abortive complex with glucocorticoid receptor without involving 7SK RNA and positive transcription elongation factor b  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...16368 -16376. 15713661 17 Byers, S. A., Price, J. P., Cooper, J. J., Li, Q. & Price, D. H. ( 2005 ) J. Biol. Chem...NM_012476 WBP4 NM_007187 WIF1 NM_007191 WIT-1 NM_015855 XKRY2 NM_004677 ZNF12 NM...

Noriaki Shimizu; Rika Ouchida; Noritada Yoshikawa; Tetsuya Hisada; Hajime Watanabe; Kensaku Okamoto; Masatoshi Kusuhara; Hiroshi Handa; Chikao Morimoto; Hirotoshi Tanaka

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NM New Mexico Total Sum City, County, and SEO NM New Mexico Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All $20,608,300 NM New Mexico State Energy Office $9,593,500 NM Alamogordo City $147,700 NM Albuquerque City $5,051,200 NM Carlsbad City $107,800 NM Clovis City $139,800 NM Farmington City $191,800 NM Hobbs City $128,700 NM Las Cruces City $888,000 NM Rio Rancho City $697,000 NM Roswell City $195,500 NM Santa Fe City $781,600 NM Bernalillo County $459,500 NM Dona Ana County $446,900 NM Grant County $126,400 NM McKinley County $299,600 NM Rio Arriba County $166,500 NM San Juan County $329,400 NM Sandoval County $169,500 NM Santa Fe County $264,000 NM Taos County $134,100 NM Valencia County $289,800 In addition, today's announcement includes funding for the following Tribal

462

Time-resolved vibrational and rotational emission analysis of laser-produced plasma of carbon and polymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1) 436.54 nm (4-2) Carbon argon nitrogen Intensity (a.u.) W avelength (nm) 466 468 470 472 474 0 500 1000 (4-4) 507.00 nm (3-3) 509.80 nm (2-2) 512.90 nm (1-1) 516.50 nm (0-0)Carbon argon nitrogenIntensity-4) 554.00 nm (2-3) 558.50 nm (1-2) 563.50 nm (0-1) Carbon argon nitrogen Intensity (a.u.) Wavelength (nm

463

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Summary"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1: Prices" "Sourcekey","N3050NM3","N3010NM3","N3020NM3","N3035NM3","N3045NM3" "Date","Natural Gas Citygate Price in New Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)","New Mexico...

464

TECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS OF NANOPARTICLESOF NANOPARTICLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NO ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY; ENERGY STORAGE, PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION ONE THIRD OF THE WORLD'S POPULATION.8 nm 12.6 nm lenght/width diameter 2.5 nm 18 nm 50 nm #12;QUANTUM CONFINEMENT N(E) E the charge carrier NEARLY 25 TIMES AS MUCH ENERGY PER PERSON AS THE POOREST PEOPLE #12;Urgent Need for an Alternate Source

Sandini, Giulio

465

Core Measure Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Core Measure Core Measure Results FY 07 Results FY 08 Results FY 09 Results FY 10 Target FY 10 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness NM 81 NM NM NM -Quality NM 90 NM NM NM Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. NM 87 NM NM NM Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 86 87 84 87 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Electronic Commerce: - % of delivery & purchase orders issued electronically as a % of total simplified actions 70 72 89 99 100 - % of new competitive transactions > $100K conducted through EC 70 72 91 100 95 Performance Based Service Contracts: - PBSCs awarded as a % of eligible new

466

Spectral broadening in femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nonlinear spectral broadening to 200 nm, from an initial width of 50 nm, has been demonstrated in gallium lanthanum sulphide glass waveguides from 1540 nm, 200 fs pulses at 30...

Hughes, Mark A; Yang, Weijia; Hewak, Daniel W

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Photodissociation of O2 via the Herzberg continuum: Measurements of O-atom alignment and orientation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization 2 1 REMPI near 225 nm and the ions collected in a velocity regions: the Herzberg continuum 242­200 nm , the Schumann­Runge bands 200­176 nm , and the Schumann

Zare, Richard N.

468

Title:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

8-1 1, 1997, Innsbruck, Austrai 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA Gaithersburg, MD, USA Germany 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA DISCLAIMER This...

469

Nanoscale chemical and mechanical characterization of thin films: sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy at buried interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roughness of 5-10 nm (Red Optronics, Mountain View, CA) withroughness of 5-10 nm (Red Optronics, Mountain View, CA) androughness of 5-10 nm (Red Optronics, Mountain View, CA) with

Kweskin, S.J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nm node 120 nm kg/wafer GWG CF4 CHF3 C2F6 CH4 CO2 NF3 C4F6120 nm node 90nm kg/wafer GWG CF4 CHF3 C2F6 CH4 CO2 NF3 C4F690 nm node 65 nm kg/wafer GWG CF4 CHF3 C2F6 CH4 CO2 NF3 C4F6

Boyd, Sarah B.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Preparation of Titanium Oxide Pillars on Glass Substrates and Ultrathin Titanium Oxide Layer using PMMA/PS Blend Films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The TiO2 pillars were both ?30 nm in height, about half of the desired value (?70 nm) to fabricate good interdigitated PV (photovolatic) devices. ...

Dan Liu; Pinyi Yang; Christine K. Luscombe

2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

472

Download  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The photosynthetic action spectrum was determined by measurement of the initial slope of the photosynthesis-irradiance curve every 25 nm from 400 to 675 nm ...

2000-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

473

Cell Division Stage in C. elegans Imaged Using Third Harmonic Generation Microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

C. elegans embryogenesis, at the cell division stage, was imaged using third harmonic generation microscopy employing ultrashort pulsed lasers at 1028nm and 1550nm. This technique...

Aviles-Espinosa, Rodrigo; Tserevelakis, G J; Santos, Susana I c o; Filippidis, G; Krmpot, A J; Vlachos, M; Tavernarakis, N; Brodschelm, A; Kaenders, W; Artigas, David; Loza-Alvarez, Pablo

474

G-protein mediated trafficking of inwardly rectifying potassium channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nature 436:78-86. Plaster Nm TRT- FMCSBSTADMRISTBEBRCJ (and cardiac arrhythmias (Plaster et al, 2001). Over 20Neurosci 21:1189-1202. Plaster Nm TRT-FMCSBSTADMRISTBEBRCJ (

Boyer, Stephanie B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Download Full-text PDF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

a blue light-emitting diode (Nichia Chemical Industries,. NLPB500, maximum emission at 460 nm, 30 nm bandwidth) with an incorporated iris and a collimating

kbailey@ultra1

2002-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

476

A study of electron recombination using highly ionizing particles...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mobility * Electron MFP 20 nm * Onsager radius 130 nm (E Coulomb E thermal ) * No vibration levels available 1 nsec thermalization time * Electrons in Coulomb field or...

477

Ab-initio study of optical response properties of nonstoichiometric lithium-hydride and sodium-fluoride clusters with one- and two-excess electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural and optical response properties of Li n H n-m and NanF n-m (n = 2-6, m = 1, 2) clusters containin...

V. Bona?i?-Koutecký; J. Pittner; J. Koutecký

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

NNananOO--BBioio--EElectroniclectronic LLaboratoryaboratory KAISTKAIST Nanostructures for Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;KAISTKAIST Electrically 5nm FinFET (3D SILVACO) Large DIBL and SS due to thick EOT ITRS requirement: 0.5nm

Steiner, Ullrich

479

Near infrared laser dyes for the detection of latent fingermarks .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The near infrared region (700 nm – 2000 nm) of the electromagnetic spectrum provides significant potential for fingermark detection. Many ubiquitous commercial surfaces give luminescent… (more)

Chadwick, Scott Richard John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

E-Print Network 3.0 - arf immersion lithography Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

immersion lithography using ArF illumination... node; 38-nm node; high-n immersion fluids; ArF immersion lithography; 193-nm immersion ... Source: French, Roger H. -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nm nm nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Stage-Specific Regulation of Solanum lycopersicum Leaf Maturation by Class 1 KNOTTED1-LIKE HOMEOBOX Proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Israel c Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem...genotypes. False discovery rate was used to identify differentially...nm for excitation, a long-pass 560-nm filter for chlorophyll...543 nm for excitation, band-pass 560- to 615-nm filter for...

Eilon Shani; Yogev Burko; Lilach Ben-Yaakov; Yael Berger; Ziva Amsellem; Alexander Goldshmidt; Eran Sharon; Naomi Ori

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

482

Luminescence from hydrodynamic cavitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vibrations, and may affect the efficiency of a hydraulic system, such as a pump or a turbine. The level of understanding...200-650nm response, quantum efficiency 20% at 400nm, rise time...300-820nm, peak quantum efficiency 20% at 420nm). The...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Page 1 of 28 WIPP:1.4.1.2:PA:QA-L:543261  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Decision Analysis Dept. 6711 Sandia National Laboratories Carlsbad Programs Group Carlsbad, NM 88220 #12

484

Sandia National Laboratories Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Decision Analysis Dept. 6711 Sandia National Laboratories Carlsbad Programs Group Carlsbad, NM 88220 SNL

485

Control by Estrogen of Genetic Transcription and Translation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...demon ment of amino acid tivity of ribonucleoprc lated from the target 4 of estrogen action in ness in these studies 'M information on the se acteristics of the ribor NM RS NM RS NM RS NM RS NMR ' 0 1/2 2 4 8 Time after 17, -estradiol (hr) Fig...

Terrell H. Hamilton

1968-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

486

Shape and strain-induced magnetization reorientation and magnetic anisotropy in thin film Ti/CoCrPt/Ti lines and rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The contributions to the magnetic anisotropy of thin-film rings and lines of width 50 nm and above made from Ti(5?nm)/Co[subscript 0.66]Cr[subscript 0.22]Pt[subscript 0.12] (10 and 20 nm)/Ti (3 nm) with a perpendicular ...

Velazquez, D.

487

http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simul ations/category/physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Wasserstoff-Linienspektrum Wasserstoff: einfachstes Atom: Kern = 1 Proton Hülle = 1 Elektron Jakob Balmer.3 nm486.1 nm 410.2 nm 397.0 nm #12;Wasserstoff Absorption-Spektrum #12;Später wurden weitere Serien n nn ,,const" ist Rydbergkonstante des Wasserstoffs = Rydbergenergie/hc Formel für Linienspektra #12

Wünsche, Hans-Jürgen "Ede"

488

Thylakoid Membrane Remodeling during State Transitions in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...through a 640-nm interference filter with a half bandwidth of 20 nm. This illumination scheme was replaced with a light-emitting diode at 740 35 nm, filtered by a high-pass filter with a cutoff wavelength of 695 nm to induce state I. Photon...

Silvia G. Chuartzman; Reinat Nevo; Eyal Shimoni; Dana Charuvi; Vladimir Kiss; Itzhak Ohad; Vlad Brumfeld; Ziv Reich

2008-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

489

The ACT vision mission study simulation effort Cornelia B. Wunderer a,*, R.M. Kippen b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alamos National Laboratory, Bikini Atoll Road, SM 30, NM 87545, USA c Space Science Center, University

California at Berkeley, University of

490

SANDIA REPORT SAND2014-2864  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Laboratory Bikini Atoll Road, MS F600 Los Alamos, NM 87545 Abstract Sandia's Dakota software

491

Synchrotron radiation as a light source in confocal microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The optical properties of a confocal scanning microscope that was designed to utilize a synchrotron as light source are presented. The usable spectral range is from 200 nm up to 700 nm. Using 325?nm laser light it is shown that the lateral resolution is about 125 nm and the axial resolution better than 250 nm. After transport of the microscope from Utrecht to the Daresbury Synchrotron Source 200?nm excitation can be applied and the lateral resolution will drop to below 100 nm.

C. J. R. van der Oord; H. C. Gerritsen; Y. K. Levine; W. J. Myring; G. R. Jones; I. H. Munro

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Slide 1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SWS Instrument Status: SWS Instrument Status: ARM Mentor: Connor Flynn ARM Developer: Sutanay Choudhury Thanks to Pat Dowell and Chris Martin at SGP for consistently excellent on-site support. SWS General Characteristics 2 Zenith radiance, < 2° FOV full-angle Spectral range from ~350 nm - 2.2 μm spectra @ 1 Hz Si linear array, 300-1100 nm Zeiss MMS NIR-enhanced, ambient room temperature 256 pixels, +/- 0.3 nm CWL, ~3.3 nm spacing, 8 nm FWHM InGaAs linear array, 900 nm - 2.2 μm Zeiss PGS 2.2, Peltier TE cooled 256 pixels, +/- 0.6 nm CWL, ~5 nm spacing, ~12 nm FWHM SWS History and Reliability Designed and built by Warren Gore, NASA Ames, in collaboration with Peter Pilewskie. Mentored by Peter Pilewskie, Scott Kittelman, Pat McBride. Highly reliable with excellent uptime except for annual

493

A chip-scale, telecommunications-band frequency conversion interface for quantum emitters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a chip-scale frequency conversion interface designed for connecting photons generated by single quantum emitters to the 1550 nm telecommunications band. Four-wave-mixing Bragg scattering in silicon nitride waveguides is used to demonstrate frequency upconversion and downconversion between the 980 nm and 1550 nm wavelength regions, with signal-to-background levels > 10. Finite element simulations and the split-step Fourier method are used to develop waveguide designs that can connect shorter wavelength (637 nm to 852 nm) quantum emitters with 1550 nm. Finally, the conditions for achieving the conversion efficiencies needed for practical demonstrations of frequency conversion of quantum states of light are discussed.

Agha, Imad; Davanco, Marcelo; Srinivasan, Kartik

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

UNIVERSITE PARIS-SUD COLE DOCTORALE : Chimie de Paris-Sud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Chambre de pr�paration de la photocathode Canon HF Booster Soleno�d 780 nm 266 nm Arriv�e du laser Vers d ..........................................................6 A.Chaine Laser femtoseconde picoseconde ELYSE .............................................................7 A.Chaine Laser femtoseconde

Boyer, Edmond

495

Diffraction-Limited Constant-Resolution Zoom Lens Across Multi-Wavelengths for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Constant-resolution is needed over a wide spectral range (388nm to 805 nm) for CCD sampling. The zoom lens, consisting of eleven elements, yields a diffraction limited image at nine...

An, Hyun Kyoung; Pitalo, Stephen K

496

Hydrodynamic properties of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study water flowing past an array of single walled carbon nanotubes using nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. For carbon nanotubes mounted with a tube spacing of 16.4×16.4 nm and diameters of 1.25 and 2.50 nm, respectively, we find drag coefficients in reasonable agreement with the macroscopic, Stokes-Oseen solution. The slip length is -0.11 nm for the 1.25 nm carbon nanotube, and 0.49 for the 2.50 nm tube for a flow speed of 50 m/s, respectively, and 0.28 nm for the 2.50 nm tube at 200 m/s. A slanted flow configuration with a stream- and spanwise velocity component of 100 ms-1 recovers the two-dimensional results, but exhibits a significant 88 nm slip along the axis of the tube. These results indicate that slip depends on the particular flow configuration.

J. H. Walther; T. Werder; R. L. Jaffe; P. Koumoutsakos

2004-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

497

Hole transport in strained SiGe-channel MOSFETs : velocity in scaled devices and mobility under applied mechanical strain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the 90 nm CMOS technology node, geometric scaling of CMOS has been supplemented with strain to boost transistor drive current. Future CMOS technology nodes (i.e. beyond the 32 nm node) will require more significant ...

Gomez, Leonardo, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Plasma Diagnostics and Plasma-Surface Interactions in Inductively Coupled Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

193 nm PR does not roughen. However, roughness increasesto either smooth or further roughen features. Plasma-inducedshow 193 nm PR does not roughen with VUV- only exposures. A

Titus, Monica Joy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Astronomical Masers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Office Box O, Socorro, NM 87801, USA. E-mail: mclausse@aoc.nrao.edu Maser emission from molecules such as water, hydroxyl...Post Office Box O, Socorro, NM 87801, USA. mclausse@aoc.nrao.edu | Journal Article

Mark Claussen

2004-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

500

THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 543 : 611619, 2000 November 10 2000. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box O, 1003 Lopezville Road, Socorro, NM 87801 ; fowen=aoc.nrao.edu1 JEAN A. EILEK Physics Department, New Mexico Tech., Socorro, NM 87801 ; jeilek=aoc

Eilek, Jean