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  1. QER Public Meeting in Newark, NJ: Electricity Transmission and Distribution

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - East | Department of Energy Newark, NJ: Electricity Transmission and Distribution - East QER Public Meeting in Newark, NJ: Electricity Transmission and Distribution - East New Jersey Institute of Technology Campus Center - Ballroom 150 Bleeker Street Newark, NJ 07102-1982 Parking Information: New Jersey Institute of Technology - Parking Deck 154 Summit Street Newark, NJ 07102 Click Here for Directions to New Jersey Institute of Technology Meeting Information Click Here to comment on the

  2. Newark Neighbors Saving Energy | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Newark Neighbors Saving Energy Newark Neighbors Saving Energy April 2, 2010 - 2:32pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Rosa and Francisco Sanchez are ecstatic about the weatherization work done to their Newark, N.J., home. When Francisco explains the changes they have seen, his smile beams from ear to ear. "They replaced my boiler, put in some new CFL light bulbs and gave me some carbon monoxide detectors," he says. "I was happy when I got approved after filling out the application for

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wyckoff Steel Co - NJ 20

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Steel Co - NJ 20 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Wyckoff Steel Co (NJ 20) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Newark , New Jersey NJ.20-1 NJ.20-2 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.20-3 Site Operations: Conducted small scale test runs for the cold straightening of uranium rods. NJ.20-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for residual contamination considered remote due to limited scope and duration of operations NJ.20-2 NJ.20-3

  4. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Baker and Williams Co - NJ 13

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Baker and Williams Co - NJ 13 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Baker and Williams Co (NJ 13) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Baker and Company, Inc. Engelhard Industries, Baker Platinum Division NJ.13-8 NJ.13-1 Location: 113 Astor Street , Newark , New Jersey NJ.13-1 NJ.13-8 Evaluation Year: 1990 NJ.13-2 NJ.13-7 Site Operations: From 1943 through the mid-1950s, the facility processed spent catalyst (contaminated platinum) to recovery the

  5. QER Public Meeting in Newark, NJ: Electricity Transmission and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PDF icon Remarks of Damir Novosel, President, Quanta Technology and President-Elect IEEE Power and Energy Society PDF icon Remarks of David Hallquist, CEO, Vermont Electric ...

  6. NJ.?3

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    r-2 . . . * c J/y. a5 NJ.?3 ti I "( -r par 7 This docam& consists of 3tiHpages, ~$0. .F of 2' topics, Series A WY/~ F/yS. 5 2 --s.d %6/e /. Prospectus On Uranium Center Operation Speciri! Rcreview FInsI Dctei mmaiion February 1, 1951 # A. L. Baker President THE KELLEX CORPORATION 233 BROADWAY NEW YORK 7, N.Y. "CAUTION" This document contains information affecting the National Defense of the Ulliterl :JI.F~*?s. ~. _________-.-.. ___-.-~~ -- . CONTENTS " ' -' P F. Brown

  7. QER East, Newark, September 8

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    East, Newark, September 8 th Distribution - How Do We Cope With New Challenges and Opportunities? Damir Novosel, IEEE PES President Elect The US DOE QER leadership has requested from IEEE to provide insights on a specific set of QER priority issues. IEEE, the world's largest professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for humanity, utilizes synergies among private and public sectors (e.g., utilities, vendors, academia, national labs, regulatory organizations, and other industry

  8. Newark, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Registered Energy Companies in Newark, California CalStar Products Comverge Petersen Dean Qnovo Sixth Dimension References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and...

  9. Microsoft Word - Summary of Presentations and Comments for Newark QER Public Meeting Clean Copy Submitted to DOE (3) (2).docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2: Newark, NJ Electricity Transmission and Distribution - East September 8, 2014 Opening Remarks Dr. Karen Wayland, Deputy Director for State, Local and Tribal Cooperation, Energy Policy and Systems Analysis, United States Department of Energy The goal of the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) is to identify threats, risks, and opportunities to the nation's energy infrastructure and make recommendations for federal action to enhance our national security and economic productivity, and protect our

  10. Department of Energy Official in Newark, Delaware, to Highlight $168

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Million for Solar Energy Projects | Department of Energy Official in Newark, Delaware, to Highlight $168 Million for Solar Energy Projects Department of Energy Official in Newark, Delaware, to Highlight $168 Million for Solar Energy Projects March 16, 2007 - 12:00pm Addthis Funding will help further President Bush's Solar America Initiative NEWARK, DE - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Andy Karsner today highlighted DOE's

  11. Newark, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Registered Energy Companies in Newark, New Jersey Gibbs Energy LLC IDT Energy Innovation Fuels Public Service Enterprise Group (PSE&G) Public Service Enterprise Group PSEG...

  12. Newark, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Newark, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.0467301, -77.0952516 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservi...

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Middlesex North NJ Site - NJ 05

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    North NJ Site - NJ 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Middlesex North, NJ Alternate Name(s): Middlesex Landfill Middlesex Municipal Landfill NJ.05-2 NJ.05-4 Location: Mountain Avenue to Bound Brook, Middlesex, New Jersey NJ.05-2 Historical Operations: Served as a disposal site for low-level radioactive pitchblende ore generated from activites at the Middlesex Sampling Plant. NJ.05-2 NJ.05-3 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NJ.05-1 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys NJ.05-3 NJ.05-4 Site

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- New Brunswick NJ Site - NJ 14

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Brunswick NJ Site - NJ 14 FUSRAP Considered Sites New Brunswick, NJ Alternate Name(s): New Brunswick Laboratory NJ.14-1 Location: 986 Jersey Avenue, New Brunswick, New Jersey NJ.14-2 Historical Operations: Performed radiochemical analyses on uranium, thorium, beryllium, and zirconium metals and compounds for MED, AEC, ERDA, and DOE to support nuclear power and weapons programs. NJ.14-3 NJ.14-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NJ.14-1 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys, Verification

  15. Low E Brings High Savings in Newark, Delaware | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Low E Brings High Savings in Newark, Delaware Low E Brings High Savings in Newark, Delaware July 19, 2010 - 2:27pm Addthis Low emissivity, double pane, fiberglass windows in Newark, Deleware's municipal building. | Photo courtesy of Carol Houck Low emissivity, double pane, fiberglass windows in Newark, Deleware's municipal building. | Photo courtesy of Carol Houck Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Newark applied for and received a $147,800 Energy

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Standard Oil Development Co of NJ - NJ

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    18 Standard Oil Development Co of NJ - NJ 18 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: STANDARD OIL DEVELOPMENT CO. OF NJ (NJ.18) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Exxon Research and Engineering Co. NJ.18-1 NJ.18-4 Location: 1900 Linden Avenue , Linden , New Jersey NJ.18-1 Evaluation Year: Circa 1990 - 1991 NJ.18-2 Site Operations: From its Linden, NJ laboratory facilities, provided consulting services to the MED/AEC and acted as a broker in the

  17. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Maywood Site - NJ 10

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Maywood Site - NJ 10 FUSRAP Considered Sites Maywood, NJ Alternate Name(s): Maywood Chemical Works Maywood Chemical Company Maywood Interim Storage Site (MISS) Stepan Chemical Company NJ.10-2 NJ.10-3 NJ.10-7 NJ.10-11 Location: 100 West Hunter Avenue, Maywood/Rochelle Park, New Jersey NJ.10-4 Historical Operations: Processed monazite sands for extraction of rare earth compounds and mantle-grade thorium nitrates. NJ.10-2 NJ.10-3 NJ.10-4 NJ.10-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NJ.10-1 NJ.10-10

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Middlesex Sampling Plant - NJ 04

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Sampling Plant - NJ 04 FUSRAP Considered Sites Middlesex Sampling Plant, NJ Alternate Name(s): None Location: Mountain Avenue, Middlesex, New Jersey NJ.04-2 Historical Operations: Processed and stored domestic and foreign ores containing uranium, thorium, and berryllium. NJ.04-4 NJ.04-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NJ.04-1 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys NJ.04-6 NJ.04-7 NJ.04-8 NJ.04-9 NJ.04-10 Site Status: Cleanup in progress by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. NJ.04-11 NJ.04-12

  19. SolarWorks NJ | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy, Solar Product: SolarWorks NJ, LLC, a provider of turnkey solar electricity installations and renewable energy solutions. References: SolarWorks NJ1 This article is a...

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Jersey City NJ Site - NJ 07

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Jersey City NJ Site - NJ 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Jersey City, NJ Alternate Name(s): Kellex Laboratory Jersey City Laboratory Kellex/Pierpont Vitro Corporation of America Delco-Levco Pierpont Property M.W. Kellogg Site NJ.07-1 NJ.07-2 NJ.07-6 Location: New Jersey Route 440 and Kellogg Street, Jersey City, New Jersey NJ.07-5 Historical Operations: Conducted research and development for MED and AEC on gaseous diffusion process for uranium enrichment using uranium hexaflouride and solvent

  1. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Heyden Chemical Corp - NJ 19

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Heyden Chemical Corp - NJ 19 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Heyden Chemical Corp. (NJ.19 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: American Cyanamid NJ.19-2 Location: Princeton , New Jersey NJ.19-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.19-1 Site Operations: Commercial chemical operation. AEC was interested in their process for keeping thorium oxide in suspension. No indication of AEC contractual relationship with Heyden. NJ.19-1 NJ.19-3 Site Disposition:

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Picatinny Arsenal - NJ 31

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Picatinny Arsenal - NJ 31 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: PICATINNY ARSENAL (NJ.31) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to DOD Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Dover , New Jersey NJ.31-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.31-2 Site Operations: Performed uranium machining. NJ.31-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority NJ.31-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium NJ.31-1 Radiological Survey(s): None

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Westinghouse Electric Corp - NJ 03

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Electric Corp - NJ 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORP. ( NJ.03 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: North American Phillips Lighting Westinghouse Electric Company Lamp Divisions North American Philips Lighting Corporation NJ.03-1 NJ.03-2 NJ.03-3 Location: One Westinghouse Plaza - Building 7 , Bloomfield , New Jersey NJ.03-4 Evaluation Year: 1985 NJ.03-3 Site Operations: From 1941 to 1943, developed a photochemical

  4. US MidAtl NJ Site Consumption

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    MidAtl NJ Site Consumption million Btu $0 $700 $1,400 $2,100 $2,800 $3,500 US MidAtl NJ Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US MidAtl NJ Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $400 $800 $1,200 $1,600 US MidAtl NJ Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Average energy consumption (127 million Btu per year) in New Jersey homes and average household energy expenditures ($3,065 per year) are among the

  5. US MidAtl NJ Site Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    MidAtl NJ Site Consumption million Btu $0 $700 $1,400 $2,100 $2,800 $3,500 US MidAtl NJ Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US MidAtl NJ Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $400 $800 $1,200 $1,600 US MidAtl NJ Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Average energy consumption (127 million Btu per year) in New Jersey homes and average household energy expenditures ($3,065 per year) are among the

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Navy Ammunition Depot - NJ 15

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Navy Ammunition Depot - NJ 15 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NAVY AMMUNITION DEPOT (NJ.15) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to DOD Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Earle, New Jersey NJ.15-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.15-2 Site Operations: Storage facility and disposal unit for drummed radioactive waste that was dumped at sea. NJ.15-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Referred to DOD NJ.15-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary

  7. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bakelite Corp - NJ 35

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Bakelite Corp - NJ 35 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Bakelite Corp (NJ 35) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Bound Brook , New Jersey NJ.35-1 Evaluation Year: 1986 NJ.35-1 Site Operations: Processed nickel metal and various chemicals in support of the K-25 plant. No indication that radioactive materials were handled. NJ.35-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No indication that radioactive material was used at the site NJ.35-1

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bloomfield Tool Co - NJ 21

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Bloomfield Tool Co - NJ 21 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Bloomfield Tool Co. (NJ.21 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Bloomfield , New Jersey NJ.21-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.21-2 Site Operations: During a small-scale experiment, uranium slugs were machined. NJ.21-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to limited scope and duration of the operations NJ.21-4 Radioactive Materials

  9. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bowen Lab - NJ 33

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Bowen Lab - NJ 33 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Bowen Lab (NJ.33) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Bowen Engineering, Inc. NJ.33-1 Location: North Branch , New Jersey NJ.33-1 Evaluation Year: Circa 1990 NJ.33-2 Site Operations: Test runs of spray calcining of boiled down pitchblende raffinates was conducted on May 15 and 16, 1951. Equipment used was decontaminated on May 17. NJ.33-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Fairmont Chemical Co - NJ...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Fairmont Chemical Co - NJ 25 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Fairmont Chemical Co. (NJ.25 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name:...

  11. Newark, New Jersey ,07102 DearMayor Sharpe:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    .+,-a-r& >:h i Depahknt of Energy ' .. Wastjngton,,DC 20585 ti .\ I t- ; .' The Honorable,,JamesSharpe 920 Broad' Street Newark, New Jersey ,07102 : DearMayor Sharpe: ., Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary-has:announced a new.approach to openn Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary-has:announced a new.approach to openn the Department of Energy (DOE) and its communications with.the Dubjic. the Department of Energy (DOE) and its communications with.the public. support of this initiatjve, we are

  12. Microsoft Word - FUSRAP Maywood NJ.rtf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Maywood, New Jersey FACT SHEET January 2004 DESCRIPTION: The Maywood site is located in a highly developed area of northeastern New Jersey, in the boroughs of Maywood and Lodi and the township of Rochelle Park. It is located approximately 13 miles northeast of Newark, New Jersey. Contamination at the properties resulted from rare earths and thorium processing activities conducted at the Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) from the early 1900 through 1959. MCW stopped extracting thorium in 1959. The

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wayne Site - NJ 16

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Wayne Site - NJ 16 FUSRAP Considered Sites Wayne, NJ Alternate Name(s): Wayne Interim Storage Site (WISS) W.R. Grace and Company W.R. Grace Site Rare Earths, Inc. Davison Chemical Division NJ.16-1 NJ.16-2 NJ.16-3 Location: 868 Black Oak Ridge Road, Wayne, New Jersey NJ.16-5 Historical Operations: Produced crude thorium hydroxide and rare earth elements from monazite sands. Site was also used for interim storage of contaminated material removed from vicinity properties under FUSRAP. NJ.16-5

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Princeton University - NJ 08

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Princeton University - NJ 08 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: PRINCETON UNIVERSITY (NJ.08) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Princeton , New Jersey NJ.08-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 NJ.08-2 Site Operations: During 1940's, performed experiments on uranium isotope separation and experiments for the development of diffusion barrier material for the gaseous diffusion enrichment process. NJ.08-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation

  15. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Raritan Arsenal - NJ 32

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Raritan Arsenal - NJ 32 Site ID (CSD Index Number): NJ.32 Site Name: RARITAN ARSENAL Site Summary: Site Link: External Site Link: Alternate Name(s): None Alternate Name Documents: Location: Metuchen , New Jersey Location Documents: NJ.32-1 Historical Operations (describe contaminants): Munitions storage site; no indication of DOE predecessor involvement. Historical Operations Documents: NJ.32-1 Eligibility Determination: Eliminated - No Authority Eligibility Determination Documents: NJ.32-2

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Callite Tungsten Co - NJ 36

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Callite Tungsten Co - NJ 36 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Callite Tungsten Co. (NJ.36 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Union City , New Jersey NJ.36-1 Evaluation Year: Circa 1990 NJ.36-2 Site Operations: Metal fabrication - cold rolling - of uranium metal indicated at this site. NJ.36-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - only one document was found that indicated uranium was handled at this site - No indication of quantities

  17. Microsoft Word - FUSRAP Wayne NJ.rtf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Wayne Interim Storage Site (WISS) Wayne, New Jersey FACT SHEET January 2004 DESCRIPTION: The Wayne site is located in a highly developed area of northern New Jersey, approximately 20 miles north-northwest of Newark, New Jersey. The site was formerly owned and operated by Rare Earths, Inc. and W.R. Grace & Co. Contamination at the property resulted from rare earths and thorium processing activities conducted at the facility during the period of 1948 to 1971. The property is now owned by the

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Vitro Corp of America - NJ 02

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    NJ 02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Vitro Corp. of America (NJ.02) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Vitro Laboratories NJ.02-1 Location: West Orange , New Jersey NJ.02-2 Evaluation Year: 1985 NJ.02-3 Site Operations: Performed work that involved conversion of low enrichment uranium dioxide to uranium carbon spheres and for the separation of fission products. NJ.02-3 NJ.02-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria

  19. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- J T Baker Chemical Co - NJ 0-02

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    J T Baker Chemical Co - NJ 0-02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: J.T. BAKER CHEMICAL CO. ( NJ.0-02 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Subsidiary of Vick Chemical Company NJ.0-02-1 Location: 600 North Broad Street , Phillipsburg , New Jersey NJ.0-02-2 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.0-02-3 Site Operations: Commercial operation - licensed to process and distribute refined source material. NJ.0-02-2 NJ.0-02-3 NJ.0-02-4 NJ.0-02-5 Site Disposition:

  20. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Metals Disintegrating Co Inc - NJ 0-03

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Disintegrating Co Inc - NJ 0-03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: METALS DISINTEGRATING CO., INC. (NJ.0-03 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 271 Grove Avenue , Verona or Elizabeth , New Jersey NJ.0-03-1 NJ.0-03-2 NJ.0-03-3 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.0-03-3 Site Operations: Provided nickel to Linde. NJ.0-03-3 NJ.0-03-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No radioactive materials were handled at this site. NJ.0-03-3 Radioactive

  1. Department of Energy Announces Quadrennial Energy Review Public Meeting in Newark

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department’s Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis will host a public meeting in Newark, New Jersey, on Monday, September 8, to receive stakeholder input to the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER), an administration-wide effort to make recommendations regarding key infrastructure needed for the transmission, storage and distribution of energy.

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- International Pulverizing Co - NJ 0-01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Pulverizing Co - NJ 0-01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: International Pulverizing Co. (NJ.0-01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New Albany Road , Moorestown , New Jersey NJ.0-01-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.0-01-2 Site Operations: No record that radioactive materials were used at this site. NJ.0-01-1 NJ.0-01-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No potential for contamination - No indication that International Pulverizing

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Pfaltz and Bauer Inc - Richfield - NJ

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    28 Richfield - NJ 28 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: PFALTZ AND BAUER, INC. - RICHFIELD (NJ.28) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Richfield , New Jersey NJ.28-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.28-1 Site Operations: Commercial supplier of thorium nitrate for manufacture of gas lantern mantles. NJ.28-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No record of AEC contracts NJ.28-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials

  4. New Jersey Solar Power LLC NJ Solar Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Power LLC NJ Solar Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: New Jersey Solar Power LLC (NJ Solar Power) Place: New Jersey Sector: Solar Product: A photovoltaic engineering...

  5. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- U S Pipe and Foundry Co - NJ 23

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Pipe and Foundry Co - NJ 23 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: U.S. PIPE AND FOUNDRY CO. (NJ.23 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Burlington , New Jersey NJ.23-1 Evaluation Year: 1986 NJ.23-2 Site Operations: Performed experimental development of beryllium tubing. NJ.23-2 NJ.23-3 NJ.23-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No indication that radioactive materials were used at the site NJ.23-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: None

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Aluminum Co of America - NJ 24

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    NJ 24 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Aluminum Co of America (NJ.24 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: ALCOA (Garwood Plant) NJ.24-1 Location: Garwood , New Jersey NJ.24-1 Evaluation Year: Circa 1987 NJ.24-5 Site Operations: Constructed and altered die-casting dies and conducted die casting operation on uranium slugs. NJ.24-1 NJ.24-3 NJ.24-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for residual contamination considered remote due to limited

  7. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Maywood Site - NJ 10

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    of Engineers but will eventually transfer to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. Aerial Photograph of the Maywood, New Jersey, Site NJ.10-1 - DOE Letter;...

  8. Category:Atlantic City, NJ | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Atlantic City NJ Public Service Elec & Gas Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 63 KB SVMidriseApartment...

  9. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Tube Reducing Co - NJ 11

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Fernald, Ohio; December 11, 1994, and Attachments NJ.11-4 - DOE Memorandum; DeLaney to Lynch; Subject: Commercial Facilities Used by National Lead Company of Ohio in Support of...

  10. DOE's NJ HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE BOWL® | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5, 2012 (All day) Science Education MBG Auditorium DOE's NJ HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE BOWL® DOE's NJ HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE BOWL® PPPL Entrance Procedures Visitor Information, Directions, Security at PPPL As a federal facility, the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is operating under heightened security measures because of the events of September 11, 2001. Upon arrival at PPPL, adult visitors must show a government-issued photo I.D. - for example, a passport or a driver's license. Non-U.S. citizens

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- United Lead Co - NJ 29

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Lead Co - NJ 29 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: United Lead Co. (NJ.29 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: This site is one of a group of 77 FUSRAP considered sites for which few, if any records are available in their respective site files to provide an historical account of past operations and their relationship, if any, with

  12. Transferring the Wayne, NJ, Site to Beneficial Reuse | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Transferring the Wayne, NJ, Site to Beneficial Reuse Transferring the Wayne, NJ, Site to Beneficial Reuse Transferring the Wayne, NJ, Site to Beneficial Reuse (Waste Management Conference 2007) PDF icon Transferring the Wayne, NJ, Site to Beneficial Reuse (Waste Management Conference 2007) More Documents & Publications Implementation of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program: Coordination Between the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Assessing and

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- New York Shipbuilding Corp - NJ 34

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Shipbuilding Corp - NJ 34 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NEW YORK SHIPBUILDING CORP. (NJ.34) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: South Yard, New York Shipbuilding facility on the Delaware River , Camden , New Jersey NJ.34-1 Evaluation Year: Circa 1990 NJ.34-2 Site Operations: NYX Project (1951 - 1954) - fabricated and assembled equipment (reactors) for the AEC Savannah River Plant under subcontract to AEC Prime. Later built the

  14. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    PROCESSOR-NJ","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",1,138,"All Other Motor Gas Blending Components",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW...

  15. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- E I Du Pont - NJ 06

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - NJ 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites E.I. Dupont, NJ Alternate Name(s): E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company E.I. Du Pont Company Dupont Chambers Works Plant NJ.06-1 NJ.06-5 Location: Pennsville and Carney Townships, Southeast bank of the Delaware River, Deepwater, New Jersey NJ.06-5 Historical Operations: Development of a process for converting uranium oxide to uranium tetraflouride, production of uranium tetraflouride, research into conversion of uranium oxide to uranium metal, and production of

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- U S Radium Corp - NJ 09

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Radium Corp - NJ 09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: U S Radium Corp (NJ.09) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see http://www.epa.gov/region02/superfund/npl/0200772c.htm Documents Related to U S Radium Corp

  17. Agenda: Electricity Transmission and Distribution- East

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Quadrennial Energy Review Public Meeting in Newark, NJ. September 8, 2014. Electricity Transmission and Distribution - Eastern Interconnection

  18. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID IL KY NJ NM NY NY NV OH OH OH SC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mix Wastew Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Demonstration Project National Security Technologies, Inc. Mound Closure Project Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Fernald Closure Project Savannah River Site BWXT Y-12 Plant Duratek Nuclear Fuels UT-Battelle Bechtel Jacobs Permafix M&EC EnergX (Foster Wheeler) Pantex Plant SOUTHERN I-15, CA-127,

  19. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID IL KY NJ NM NY NY NV OH OH OH SC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Demonstration Project National Security Technologies, Inc. Mound Closure Project Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Fernald Closure Project Savannah River Site BWXT Y-12 Plant Duratek Nuclear Fuels UT-Battelle Bechtel Jacobs Permafix M&EC EnergX (formerly Foster Wheeler) Pantex Plant SOUTHERN I-15,

  20. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID IL KY NJ NM NY NY NV OH OH SC TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SC TN TN TN TN TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Boeing/Rocketdyne Idaho National Labaratoy Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Demonstration Project National Security Technologies, Inc. Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Fernald Closure Project Savannah River Site BWXT Y-12 Plant Duratek

  1. The Olympics of science knowledge at PPPL's NJ Regional Science Bowl |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Princeton Plasma Physics Lab The Olympics of science knowledge at PPPL's NJ Regional Science Bowl By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe March 3, 2014 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The J Droids, a science club in Warren, N.J., at the end of a long day of competing with the Science Bowl trophies in the foreground. They took home the largest of the trophies after winning the U.S. Department of Energy's New Jersey Regional Middle School Science Bowl on Feb. 21. (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL

  2. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: John Hubert Associates, North Cape May, NJ

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in North Cape May, NJ, that scored a HERS 46 without PV or HERS 9 with 6.5 kW of PV. The two-story, 1,871-ft2 home has advanced-framed above-grade walls...

  3. NJ,O-04 MEMOHANDUtl TO: FILE FRon: SITE NAME: CITY:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    I &-?I, I . . . ,- . . -' * 3 8OC NJ,O-04 MEMOHANDUtl TO: FILE FRon: SITE NAME: CITY: _____ -&-&~--------STATE: . . ------ .- OWNER(S) -------- P=st:~__------_-____--------- Current: ~~~~~~~-~----~-~~-~--~-~~~ Owner contacted q yes I-J no; if yes, date contacted TYPE OF OPERATION ~_--_---_-~~----- 0 Research & Develapment q Facility Type 0 Production scale testing 0 Pilot Scale g Bench Scale Process ? a Theoretical Studies? $0 Sample & Analysis E Production 0.

  4. Santa Fe, NM 87506

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    4 Ms. Kimberly Davis Lebak Manager Los Alamos Field Office 3747 West Jemez Road, MS A316 Los Alamos, NM 87544 Mr. Pete Maggiore Assistant Manager for Environmental Operations Los...

  5. Santa Fe, NM 87506

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    July 31, 2014 Ms. Kimberly Davis Lebak Manager Los Alamos Field Office 3747 West Jemez Road, MS A316 Los Alamos, NM 87544 Mr. Pete Maggiore Assistant Manager for Environmental Operations 3747 West Jemez Road, MS A316 Los Alamos, NM 87544 Dear Ms. Lebak and Mr. Maggiore, I am pleased to enclose Recommendation 2014-02, unanimously approved by the Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board at its July 30 th meeting in Santa Fe. Please call Lee Bishop, DDFO or Menice Santistevan, Executive

  6. N.J. DEP recognizes PPPL as state's top environmental steward | Princeton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Lab N.J. DEP recognizes PPPL as state's top environmental steward By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe May 21, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Adam Cohen, center, PPPL's Deputy Director for Operations, and other PPPL employees clean up the grounds to celebrate Earth Week last month. Some 32 volunteers collected 350 pounds of trash and 35 pounds of leaves for composting. PPPL's composting and recycling efforts resulted in a 40 percent reduction in the amount of trash

  7. N.J. DEP recognizes PPPL as state's top environmental steward | Princeton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Lab N.J. DEP recognizes PPPL as state's top environmental steward By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe May 21, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Adam Cohen, center, PPPL's Deputy Director for Operations, and other PPPL employees clean up the grounds to celebrate Earth Week last month. Some 32 volunteers collected 350 pounds of trash and 35 pounds of leaves for composting. PPPL's composting and recycling efforts resulted in a 40 percent reduction in the amount of trash

  8. **NO SCIENCE ON SATURDAY TODAY** NJ Regional High School Science Bowl |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Princeton Plasma Physics Lab 3, 2013, 8:00am Science Education Lab-wide Event **NO SCIENCE ON SATURDAY TODAY** NJ Regional High School Science Bowl Teams of students are invited to participate in the Department of Energy's National Science Bowl Competition. Each year PPPL hosts the New Jersey Regional Science Bowl which decides which teams from the local area can continue onto the national competition in Washington, D.C. The Science Bowl is a double elimination contest with oral question and

  9. DOE Zero Ready Home Case Study: John Hubert Associates, EXIT-0, North Cape May, NJ

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hubert Associates EXIT-0 House North Cape May, NJ DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are

  10. H. B. Fry, Staff Assistant NJ-, i.4 SUBJECT: DISCUSSION CCSJCERMZIQ THE M

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ' : H. B. Fry, Staff Assistant NJ-, i.4 SUBJECT: DISCUSSION CCSJCERMZIQ THE M E W BRUNSWICK UBORAIORY; MONDAY, EOVEKBER 1, '1948 REFER TO SYb5BOLt SA:HBF tu 14-7 2 Those presentr M r. Rodden, Dr. Donovan, Hr. K&lay, Dr. Chadwell, Messrs. Fry, Bslmore and Hill, The purpose of the meeting was to disouss the program and working relationships of the New York Offioe and the laboratory at New Brunswick. There is attached an agenda for the meeting. There was no disagreement on the functiona of the

  11. Santa Fe, NM 87506

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    5 Ms. Christine Gelles, Acting Manager EM-LA Field Office 3747 West Jemez Road, MS A316 Los Alamos, NM 87544 Dear Ms. Gelles, I am pleased to enclose Recommendation 2015-03, unanimously approved by the Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board at its April 8, 2015 Combined Committee meeting in Pojoaque, New Mexico. Please call Lee Bishop, Co-DDFO, Michael Gardipe, Co-DDFO, or Menice Santistevan, Executive Director, if you have questions regarding this recommendation. We look forward to the

  12. IDT Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Street Place: Newark, New Jersey Zip: 07102 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Sector: Services Product: Green Power Marketer Website: www.idtenergy.comgreennew.as...

  13. Public Service Electric & Gas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric & Gas Jump to: navigation, search Name: Public Service Electric & Gas Place: Newark, NJ Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type...

  14. 35095,"AGWAY PETRO CORP",1,231,"PROPANE/NGL",0712,"CHAMPL-RS...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    REFG CO",7,850,"UNFINISHED OILS, RESIDUUM",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,830,"SPAIN",219,0,20.5,"BAYWAY REFG CO","BAYWAY","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 35095,"BAYWAY REFG...

  15. NM Invest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Invest Jump to: navigation, search Name: NM Invest Place: Tyler, Texas Zip: 75703 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Texas-based mezzanine investor to renewable projects, primarily...

  16. QER East, Newark, September 8

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... However, traditional grids and microgrids should be ... to defer more expensive investment or to manage its grid in ... technologies (e.g. smart inverters), and increased ...

  17. 248-nm photolysis of tricarbonylnitrosylcobalt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, D.M.; Nazran, A.S.; Drouin, M.; Hackett, P.A.

    1986-06-19

    Laser-based time-resolved infrared absorption spectroscopy has been applied to the study of the 248-nm photolysis of the pseudo-nickel carbonyl, tricarbonylnitrosylcobalt, in the gas phase. Co(CO)/sub 3/NO dissociates by a series of sequential ligand eliminations to give predominantly CoCO. This species reacts back with parent Co(CO)/sub 3/NO with a gas kinetic rate constant of (6.4 +/- 0.6) x 10/sup -10/ cm/sup 3/ molecule/sup -1/ s/sup -1/ to form a binuclear species, (Co/sub 2/(CO)/sub 4/NO), of unknown structure. Added CO results in the formation of Co(CO)/sub 3/ and finally Co(CO)/sub 4/. The rate constant for the reactions of CO with Co(CO) is (6.2 +/- 0.6) x 10/sup -11/ cm/sup 3/ molecule/sup -1/ s/sup -1/ which is also a lower limit for the rates of reaction of CO with Co(CO)/sub 2/ and Co(CO)/sub 3/. This behavior shows marked similarity with recent work on the other carbonyls and begins to establish a general pattern for metal carbonyl photolysis.

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Bayo Canyon, NM Alternate Name(s): Bayo Canyon Area Bayo Canyon (TA-10) Site NM.01-2 Location: Canyon in the Pajarito Plateau Region in Los Alamos County, Los Alamos, NM NM.01-3 Historical Operations: Used in 1944-1961 by the MED and later AEC at Los Alamos National Laboratory as a firing site for conventional and high-explosives experiments involving natural and depleted uranium, strontium, and lanthanum as a radiation source for blast

  19. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04 FUSRAP Considered Sites Chupadera Mesa, NM Alternate Name(s): None Location: Approximately 28 miles northeast of the Trinity nuclear test site on the White Sands Missile Range, Northeast of Bingham, New Mexico NM.04-5 Historical Operations: Received the deposition of longer-lived radionuclides in the fallout from the nuclear test, primarily cesium-137, strontium-90, plutonium-239, cobalt-60, and europium-155. NM.04-2 NM.04-5 Eligibility Determination: No further

  20. Public Service Enterprise Group (PSE&G) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group (PSE&G) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Public Service Enterprise Group (PSE&G) Address: 80 Park Plaza Place: Newark, New Jersey Zip: 07102 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT PA...

  1. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    VA","VIRGINIA",1,220,"BRAZIL",253,0,0,,,,, 38748,"ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",1,138,"MOTOR GAS BLENDING COMPONENTS, ALL OTHER",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW...

  2. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    DAKOTA",2,260,"CANADA",4,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",3,138,"All Other Motor Gas Blending Components",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW...

  3. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "MICHIGAN",2,260,"CANADA",2,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",1,138,"All Other Motor Gas Blending Components",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW...

  4. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    CO ",190,"TUSCALOOSA","AL","ALABAMA",3 "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",14,025,"Crude Oil",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,670,"NIGERIA",60,0.02,71.4,"IM...

  5. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    CORP ",6,510,"RESIDUAL FUEL, > 1.00% SULFUR",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,830,"SPAIN",546,2.78,0,,,,, 37652,"CHEMOIL CORP ",7,510,"RESIDUAL FUEL, > 1.00%...

  6. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    CO ",15,510,"RESIDUAL FUEL, > 1.00% SULFUR",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,830,"SPAIN",359,2.5,0,,,,, 39113,"CONOCOPHILLIPS CO ",25,854,"LUBRICANTS, TOTAL",2704,"LOS...

  7. Radiation Tolerance of 65nm CMOS Transistors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Krohn, M.; Bentele, B.; Christian, D. C.; Cumalat, J. P.; Deptuch, G.; Fahim, F.; Hoff, J.; Shenai, A.; Wagner, S. R.

    2015-12-11

    We report on the effects of ionizing radiation on 65 nm CMOS transistors held at approximately -20°C during irradiation. The pattern of damage observed after a total dose of 1 Grad is similar to damage reported in room temperature exposures, but we observe less damage than was observed at room temperature.

  8. Radiation Tolerance of 65nm CMOS Transistors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krohn, M.; Bentele, B.; Christian, D. C.; Cumalat, J. P.; Deptuch, G.; Fahim, F.; Hoff, J.; Shenai, A.; Wagner, S. R.

    2015-12-11

    We report on the effects of ionizing radiation on 65 nm CMOS transistors held at approximately -20C during irradiation. The pattern of damage observed after a total dose of 1 Grad is similar to damage reported in room temperature exposures, but we observe less damage than was observed at room temperature.

  9. Newark, Delaware: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.6837226, -75.7496572 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type"...

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- ACF Industries - NM 05

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - NM 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: ACF Industries (NM.05 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - DOD site Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Albuquerque , New Mexico NM.05-3 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.05-2 Site Operations: Assisted with prototype fabrication and field testing of cryogenic components for thermonuclear weapons program during 1955-1956. NM.05-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to nature of work

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Trinity Test Site - NM 17

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Trinity Test Site - NM 17 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TRINITY TEST SITE (NM.17 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - U.S. Army controls site Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: missile range - 30 miles west of Carrizozo , White Sands , New Mexico NM.17-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.17-1 Site Operations: Detonation of the first atomic bomb occurred at this site. NM.17-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated NM.17-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    including an advanced annual rental installment. In addition, the developer must enter into the bid lease within 30 days. 19.2.9.12.A NMAC. 3-NM-d.13 to 3 NM-d.14 - Business...

  13. New Mexico Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NM NTTC) Request

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mexico Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NM NTTC) Request This form is for vendors of Los Alamos National Laboratory. To request a NM Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NTTC),...

  14. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    from the NMDOT by contemplating affects the project may have on cultural andor environmental resources. 3-NM-f Public Highway Utility Accommodation Permit.pdf 3-NM-f Public...

  15. Electron-induced single event upsets in 28 nm and 45 nm bulk SRAMs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trippe, J. M.; Reed, R. A.; Austin, R. A.; Sierawski, B. D.; Weller, R. A.; Funkhouser, E. D.; King, M. P.; Narasimham, B.; Bartz, B.; Baumann, R.; Schrimpf, R. D.; Labello, R.; Nichols, J.; Weeden-Wright, S. L.

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we present experimental evidence of single electron-induced upsets in commercial 28 nm and 45 nm CMOS SRAMs from a monoenergetic electron beam. Upsets were observed in both technology nodes when the SRAM was operated in a low power state. The experimental cross section depends strongly on both bias and technology node feature size, consistent with previous work in which SRAMs were irradiated with low energy muons and protons. Accompanying simulations demonstrate that δ-rays produced by the primary electrons are responsible for the observed upsets. Additional simulations predict the on-orbit event rates for various Earth and Jovian environments for a set of sensitive volumes representative of current technology nodes. The electron contribution to the total upset rate for Earth environments is significant for critical charges as high as 0.2 fC. This value is comparable to that of sub-22 nm bulk SRAMs. Similarly, for the Jovian environment, the electron-induced upset rate is larger than the proton-induced upset rate for critical charges as high as 0.3 fC.

  16. Electron-induced single event upsets in 28 nm and 45 nm bulk SRAMs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Trippe, J. M.; Reed, R. A.; Austin, R. A.; Sierawski, B. D.; Weller, R. A.; Funkhouser, E. D.; King, M. P.; Narasimham, B.; Bartz, B.; Baumann, R.; et al

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we present experimental evidence of single electron-induced upsets in commercial 28 nm and 45 nm CMOS SRAMs from a monoenergetic electron beam. Upsets were observed in both technology nodes when the SRAM was operated in a low power state. The experimental cross section depends strongly on both bias and technology node feature size, consistent with previous work in which SRAMs were irradiated with low energy muons and protons. Accompanying simulations demonstrate that δ-rays produced by the primary electrons are responsible for the observed upsets. Additional simulations predict the on-orbit event rates for various Earth and Jovian environmentsmore » for a set of sensitive volumes representative of current technology nodes. The electron contribution to the total upset rate for Earth environments is significant for critical charges as high as 0.2 fC. This value is comparable to that of sub-22 nm bulk SRAMs. Similarly, for the Jovian environment, the electron-induced upset rate is larger than the proton-induced upset rate for critical charges as high as 0.3 fC.« less

  17. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Wednesday, 30 March 2011 00:00 As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Acid/Pueblo Canyon, NM Alternate Name(s): Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Plant (TA-45) Acid/Pueblo and Los Alamos Canyon NM.03-3 Location: Canyons in the Pajarito Plateau Region in Los Alamos County, Los Alamos, NM NM.03-3 Historical Operations: Late 1943 or early 1944, head of the south fork of Acid Canyon received untreated liquid waste containing tritium and isotopes of strontium, cesium, uranium, plutonium, and americium discharged from

  19. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  20. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  1. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  2. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  3. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  4. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over

  5. RAPID/Roadmap/12-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biological Resource Considerations (12-NM-a) The New Mexico Department of Game and Fish (NMDGF) preserves endangered or threatened wildlife in the state against any direct...

  6. RAPID/Roadmap/7-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NM-c < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  7. RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Roadmap14-NM-b < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower...

  8. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RAPIDRoadmap3-NM-b < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower...

  9. NM (United States)] 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Clayton, Steven Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States) 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS;...

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Water Access and Water Rights Overview (19-NM-a) Similar to many western states, only a...

  11. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    State Land Office (NMSLO) to develop geothermal resources on state lands under the New Mexico Geothermal Resources Act and regulations promulgated in N.M. Admin. Code part...

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    where cultural resources are discovered during the project. In instances where human burials are discovered, the requirements are more stringent. 11-NM-a State Cultural...

  13. RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Underground Injection Control Permit (14-NM-c) The Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permit process in New Mexico...

  14. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the...

  15. QER Public Meeting Santa Fe, NM Electricity Infrastructure Transmissio...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    QER Public Meeting Santa Fe, NM Electricity Infrastructure Transmission, Storage, and Distribution - Jurisdictional issues and priorities Remarks of Susan Ackerman, Chair, Oregon...

  16. RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Cultural Resource Investigation Process (11-NM-b) Before...

  17. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us State Encroachment Process (3-NM-c) The New Mexico...

  18. RAPID/Roadmap/5-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Drilling and Well Development (5-NM-a) The Oil Conservation Division of the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources...

  19. RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Permit - Construction Permit (15-NM-a) This flowchart illustrates the process...

  20. RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Permit - Operating Permit (15-NM-c) This flowchart illustrates the process for...

  1. RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Permit - Accelerated Construction Permit Review (15-NM-b) The developer may...

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tract OO - NM 06

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Tract OO - NM 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACT OO (NM.06 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Site was released by the AEC for sale and unrestricted use in 1976 Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.06-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.06-1 Site Operations: Site consists of an area of 3.85 acres on the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory compound. This tract of land was a location for a fire alarm equipment building and part of power

  3. Generation and use of high power 213 nm and 266 nm laser radiation and tunable 210-400 nm laser radiation with BBO crystal matrix array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gruen, Dieter M.

    2000-01-01

    A 213 nm laser beam is capable of single photon ablative photodecomposition for the removal of a polymer or biological material substrate. Breaking the molecular bonds and displacing the molecules away from the substrate in a very short time period results in most of the laser photon energy being carried away by the displaced molecules, thus minimizing thermal damage to the substrate. The incident laser beam may be unfocussed and is preferably produced by quintupling the 1064 nm radiation from a Nd:YAG solid state laser, i.e., at 213 nm. In one application, the 213 nm laser beam is expanded in cross section and directed through a plurality of small beta barium borate (BBO) crystals for increasing the energy per photon of the laser radiation directed onto the substrate. The BBO crystals are arranged in a crystal matrix array to provide a large laser beam transmission area capable of accommodating high energy laser radiation without damaging the BBO crystals. The BBO crystal matrix array may also be used with 266 nm laser radiation for carrying out single or multi photon ablative photodecomposition. The BBO crystal matrix array may also be used in an optical parametric oscillator mode to generate high power tunable laser radiation in the range of 210-400 nm.

  4. NJ Clean Energy- WARMAdvantage Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: Residents affected by Hurricane Sandy are eligible for an additional incentive of $200 for qualifying furnaces, boilers, and water heaters purchased after October 29, 2012.  It should also be...

  5. NJ_19-3.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - _ / ., :.- :.- :

  6. NJ_21-1.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  7. New Mexico Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NM NTTC) Request

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mexico Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NM NTTC) Request This form is for vendors of Los Alamos National Laboratory. To request a NM Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate (NTTC), please provide the information requested below. Request can be submitted by mail, email or fax to: Los Alamos National Laboratory P.O. Box 1663 Accounts Payable, MS P240 Los Alamos, NM 87545 Fax: (505) 665-8357 processsupport@lanl.gov Company Name (as registered with Tax Authority) NOTE: If registered with the State

  8. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    a new permit and fee will be required for any drilling beyond the permit expiration date. Process Flowchart 19-NM-b - Permit to Drill a Well with No Consumptive Use of Water.pdf...

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/6-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    storm water permit must comply with the process outlined in Green arrow.PNG 6-FD-a: Storm Water Construction General Permit Process Flowchart 6-NM-b Construction Storm...

  10. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and...

  11. RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    discovery process. NMAC 4.10.8.20. 11-NM-d Cultural Resource Discovery Process.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/20-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and abandonment are outlined in NMAC 19.14.73.8. 20-NM-a - Well Abandonment Process.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  13. File:INL-geothermal-nm.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    nm.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Geothermal Resources Size of this preview: 466 599 pixels. Other resolution: 467 600 pixels. Full...

  14. NM Underground Storage Tank Registration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Underground Storage Tank Registration Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: NM Underground Storage Tank RegistrationLegal...

  15. RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ground Water Discharge Permit (14-NM-e) The New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) issues Ground Water Discharge Permits in the state of New Mexico. No person may cause or...

  16. Photoluminescent 1-2 nm sized silicon nanoparticles: A surface...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Photoluminescent 1-2 nm sized silicon nanoparticles: A surface-dependent system Authors: Romero, J.J., Llansola-Portols, M.J., Dell'Arciprete, M.L., Rodrguez, H.B., Moore,...

  17. New Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits New Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits April 9, 2010 - 2:32pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Some might think that only single-family homes are being weatherized across America, but eligible renters in Newark, N.J., are taking advantage of the increases in savings, safety and comfort that come with weatherization. Sunny Uberio is the owner of Realty Management Systems LLC in Newark, N.J., where he had his three apartment

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Project Gnome Site - NM 12

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Gnome Site - NM 12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Project Gnome Site (NM.12) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Gnome-Coach, New Mexico, Site Documents Related to Project Gnome Site Conditional Certificate of Completion. Attached letter from New Mexico Environment Department of DOE dated September 25, 2014. Fact Sheet

  19. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID ID IL KY MD MO NM NM NY NY OH SC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MO NM NM NY NY OH SC TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory General Atomics Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Aberdeen Proving Grounds National Security Technologies Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory CH2M Hill B&W West Valley, LLC Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant

  20. Origin State>> CA CA ID ID ID IL KY MD NM NM NV NY NY OH TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NM NM NV NY NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory General Atomics Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Aberdeen Proving Ground Los Alamos National Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory National Security Technologies Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant

  1. Origin State>> CA ID ID ID IL KY MD NM NM NY NY OH SC TN TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MD NM NM NY NY OH SC TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Aberdeen Proving Ground Los Alamos National Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Savannah River Site Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox

  2. Origin State>> CA ID ID ID IL NM NM OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NM NM OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12 Plant Materials & Energy Corporation (M&EC) Perma-Fix Nuclear Fuels Services Wastren Advantage, Inc.

  3. Origin State>> CA ID ID IL IL KY NM NM NV NY OH TN TN TN, WA,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IL IL KY NM NM NV NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TN Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Energx Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory National Security Technologies West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12 Plant

  4. La Fonda on the Plaza, Santa Fe, NM: June 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sequencing, Finishing, and Analysis in the Future (SFAF) La Fonda on the Plaza, Santa Fe, NM: June 1 st - 3 rd , 2016 Please join us for the 11 th annual "Sequencing, Finishing and Analysis in the Future" Meeting on Wednesday, June 1 st through June 3 rd in beautiful, historic Santa Fe, NM. The three-day SFAF conference will focus on Next Generation Sequencing technologies, applications, and their effect on the rapidly advancing field of Genomics. If you have any questions, or would

  5. EUV optical design for 100 nm CD imaging system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, D.W.; Hudyma, R.; Chapman, H.B.; Shafer, D.

    1998-04-09

    The imaging specifications for extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) projection optics parallel those of other optical lithographies. Specifications are scaled to reflect the 100 nm critical dimension for the first generation EUVL systems. The design being fabricated for the Engineering Test Stand, an EUVL alpha tool, consists of a condenser with six channels to provide an effective partial coherence factor of 0.7. The camera contains four mirrors; three of the mirrors are aspheres and the fourth is spherical. The design of the optical package has been constrained so that the angles of incidence and the variations in the angle of incidence of all rays allow for uniform multilayer coatings. The multilayers introduce a slight shift in image position and magnification. We have shown that a system aligned with visible light is also aligned at 13.4 nm. Each mirror must be fabricated with an RMS figure error of less than 0.25 nm and better than 0.2 nm RMS roughness. Optical surfaces that exceed each of these specifications individually have been fabricated. The success of EUVL requires that these specifications be met simultaneously.

  6. Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    | National Nuclear Security Administration Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact

  7. Cryogenic Lifetime Studies of 130 nm and 65 nm CMOS Technologies for High-Energy Physics Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoff, James R.; Deptuch, G. W.; Wu, Guoying; Gui, Ping

    2015-03-09

    The Long Baseline Neutrino Facility intends to use unprecedented volumes of liquid argon to fill a time projection chamber in an underground facility. Research is under way to place the electronics inside the cryostat. For reasons of efficiency and economics, the lifetimes of these circuits must be well in excess of 20 years. The principle mechanism for lifetime degradation of MOSFET devices and circuits operating at cryogenic temperatures is hot carrier degradation. Choosing a process technology that is, as much as possible, immune to such degradation and developing design techniques to avoid exposure to such damage are the goals. This, then, requires careful investigation and a basic understanding of the mechanisms that underlie hot carrier degradation and the secondary effects they cause in circuits. In this work, commercially available 130 nm and 65 nm nMOS transistors operating at cryogenic temperatures are investigated. Our results show that both technologies achieve the lifetimes required by the experiment. Minimal design changes are necessary in the case of the 130 nm process and no changes whatsoever are necessary for the 65 nm process.

  8. Sandia, the Atlantic Council, and NM Water Resource Research Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sponsor Roundtable on Western Water Scarcity the Atlantic Council, and NM Water Resource Research Institute Sponsor Roundtable on Western Water Scarcity - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy

  9. Quadrennial Energy Review Stakeholder Meeting #10: Santa Fe, NM

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0: Santa Fe, NM State, Local and Tribal Issues August 11, 2014 Opening Remarks Melanie Kenderdine, Director, Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis and Energy Counselor to the Secretary, U.S. Department of Energy The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is undertaking the analytical work for the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) and is responsible for the stakeholder outreach process. Ms. Kenderdine introduced Secretary Moniz, Secretary Jewell and Senator Heinrich. The Honorable Martin Heinrich

  10. FAPAC-NM Executive Board | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    FAPAC-NM Executive Board | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working

  11. NNSA administrator shows NM congressional delegation the Albuquerque

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Complex to make case for new facility | National Nuclear Security Administration administrator shows NM congressional delegation the Albuquerque Complex to make case for new facility | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our

  12. Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Administration Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for

  13. Photoelectron Emission Studies in CsBr at 257 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maldonado, Juan R.; Liu, Zhi; Sun, Yun; Pianetta, Piero A.; Pease, Fabian W.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL

    2006-09-28

    CsBr/Cr photocathodes were found [1,2] to meet the requirements of a multi-electron beam lithography system operating with a light energy of 4.8 eV (257nm). The fact that photoemission was observed with a light energy below the reported 7.3 eV band gap for CsBr was not understood. This paper presents experimental results on the presence of intra-band gap absorption sites (IBAS) in CsBr thin film photo electron emitters, and presents a model based on IBAS to explain the observed photoelectron emission behavior at energies below band gap. A fluorescence band centered at 330 nm with a FWHM of about 0.34 eV was observed in CsBr/Cr samples under 257 nm laser illumination which can be attributed to IBAS and agrees well with previously obtained synchrotron photoelectron spectra[1] from the valence band of CsBr films.

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACKS EASTERN AREA NO. 3 (NM.10 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Area No. 3 , Los Alamos County , New Mexico NM.10-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.10-2 Site Operations: These tracts were part of LASL and were subject to contamination from laboratory operations. NM.10-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria per environmental radiation

  15. Department of Energy Official in Newark, Delaware, to Highlight...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Photovoltaic-based solar cells convert sunlight directly into electricity. They are made of semiconductor materials similar to those used in computer chips. When sunlight is ...

  16. City of Newark, Delaware (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    37,683 11,841 2008-08 1,282 9,101 9,992 925 6,907 1,354 2,626 22,723 57 4,833 38,731 11,403 2008-07 1,131 8,202 10,205 884 6,545 1,352 2,469 20,728 56 4,484 35,475 11,613 2008-06...

  17. FY09 assessment of mercury reduction at SNL/NM.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCord, Samuel Adam

    2010-02-01

    This assessment takes the result of the FY08 performance target baseline of mercury at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico, and records the steps taken in FY09 to collect additional data, encourage the voluntary reduction of mercury, and measure success. Elemental (metallic) mercury and all of its compounds are toxic, and exposure to excessive levels can permanently damage or fatally injure the brain and kidneys. Elemental mercury can also be absorbed through the skin and cause allergic reactions. Ingestion of inorganic mercury compounds can cause severe renal and gastrointestinal damage. Organic compounds of mercury such as methyl mercury, created when elemental mercury enters the environment, are considered the most toxic forms of the element. Exposures to very small amounts of these compounds can result in devastating neurological damage and death.1 SNL/NM is required to report annually on the site wide inventory of mercury for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program, as the site's inventory is excess of the ten pound reportable threshold quantity. In the fiscal year 2008 (FY08) Pollution Prevention Program Plan, Section 5.3 Reduction of Environmental Releases, a performance target stated was to establish a baseline of mercury, its principle uses, and annual quantity or inventory. This was accomplished on July 29, 2008 by recording the current status of mercury in the Chemical Information System (CIS).

  18. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    07 Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL LAND PARCELS A, B, C, E, K, LN, PL (NM.07 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Los Alamos County , New Mexico NM.07-2 Evaluation Year: 1986 NM.07-1 Site Operations: No specific operations identified for these tracts of land. NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria. Declared as surplus real property and offered

  19. NM Stat. 62-11 - Review of Commission Orders | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NM Stat. 62-11 - Review of Commission Orders Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: NM Stat. 62-11 - Review of...

  20. Transport of triplet excitons along continuous 100 nm polyfluorene chains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xi, Liang; Bird, Matthew; Mauro, Gina; Asaoka, Sadayuki; Cook, Andrew R.; Chen, Hung -Cheng; Miller, John R.

    2014-12-03

    Triplet excitons created in poly-2,7-(9,9-dihexyl)fluorene (pF) chains with end trap groups in solution are efficiently transported to and captured by the end groups. The triplets explore the entire lengths of the chains, even for ~100 nm long chains enabling determination of the completeness of end capping. The results show that the chains continuous: they may contain transient barriers or traps, such as those from fluctuations of dihedral angles, but are free of major defects that stop motion of the triplets. Quantitative determinations are aided by the addition of a strong electron donor, TMPD, which removes absorption bands of the end-trapped triplets. For chains having at least one end trap, triplet capture is quantitative on the 1 s timescale imposed by the use of the donor. Fractions of chains having no end traps were 0.15 for pF samples with anthraquinone (AQ) end traps and 0.063 with naphthylimide (NI) end traps. These determinations agreed with measurements by NMR for short (<40 polymer repeat units (PRU)) chains, where NMR determinations are accurate. The results find no evidence for traps or barriers to transport of triplets, and places limits on the possible presence of defects as impenetrable barriers to less than one per 300 PRU. The present results present a paradigm different from the current consensus, derived from observations of singlet excitons, that conjugated chains are divided into segments, perhaps by some kind of defects. For the present pF chains, the segmentation either does not apply to triplet excitons or is transient so that the defects are healed or surmounted in times much shorter than 1 s. Triplets on chains without end trap groups transfer to chains with end traps on a slower time scale. Rate constants for these bimolecular triplet transfer reactions were found to increase with the length of the accepting chain, as did rate constants for triplet transfer to the chains from small molecules like biphenyl. As a result, a second set of polyfluorenes with 2-butyloctyl side chains was found to have a much lower completeness of end capping.

  1. Transport of triplet excitons along continuous 100 nm polyfluorene chains

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xi, Liang; Bird, Matthew; Mauro, Gina; Asaoka, Sadayuki; Cook, Andrew R.; Chen, Hung -Cheng; Miller, John R.

    2014-12-03

    Triplet excitons created in poly-2,7-(9,9-dihexyl)fluorene (pF) chains with end trap groups in solution are efficiently transported to and captured by the end groups. The triplets explore the entire lengths of the chains, even for ~100 nm long chains enabling determination of the completeness of end capping. The results show that the chains continuous: they may contain transient barriers or traps, such as those from fluctuations of dihedral angles, but are free of major defects that stop motion of the triplets. Quantitative determinations are aided by the addition of a strong electron donor, TMPD, which removes absorption bands of the end-trappedmore » triplets. For chains having at least one end trap, triplet capture is quantitative on the 1 µs timescale imposed by the use of the donor. Fractions of chains having no end traps were 0.15 for pF samples with anthraquinone (AQ) end traps and 0.063 with naphthylimide (NI) end traps. These determinations agreed with measurements by NMR for short (<40 polymer repeat units (PRU)) chains, where NMR determinations are accurate. The results find no evidence for traps or barriers to transport of triplets, and places limits on the possible presence of defects as impenetrable barriers to less than one per 300 PRU. The present results present a paradigm different from the current consensus, derived from observations of singlet excitons, that conjugated chains are divided into “segments,” perhaps by some kind of defects. For the present pF chains, the segmentation either does not apply to triplet excitons or is transient so that the defects are healed or surmounted in times much shorter than 1 µs. Triplets on chains without end trap groups transfer to chains with end traps on a slower time scale. Rate constants for these bimolecular triplet transfer reactions were found to increase with the length of the accepting chain, as did rate constants for triplet transfer to the chains from small molecules like biphenyl. As a result, a second set of polyfluorenes with 2-butyloctyl side chains was found to have a much lower completeness of end capping.« less

  2. QER- Comment of MISO

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Midcontinent Independent System Operator, Inc. (MISO), respectfully submits two studies to the Department of Energy (DOE) for consideration in preparing its Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) on transmission, storage and distribution infrastructure. MISO also presented to DOE on the QER at the Newark, NJ public session held on September 8, 2014. MISO appreciates that opportunity. In addition to the material presented in Newark, MISO recently completed two studies on transmission and energy storage in the MISO footprint, which covers all or parts of 15 states in the middle of the Unites States.

  3. PPPL_Procurement_map_NJ_FY15

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Procured Materials and Services 2015 ($10.8M) # small business/ total firms 23.1k 27.2k 2 1 2 3 4 12 6 7 Hunterdon Somerset Middlesex Morris Warren Sussex Passaic Bergen Essex Hudson Union Monmouth Mercer Ocean Burlington Atlantic Camden Salem Gloucester Cumberland Cape May 5 11 9 52.4k 576k 1 426k 192k 394k 1.05M 4 1.63M 1.45M 1.69M 3 3.28M 2 / 2 1 / 1 1 / 3 10 / 11 18 / 20 4 / 4 7 / 9 24 / 25 6 / 8 18 / 20 7 / 8 28 / 32 10 8 5 9 6 11 7 12 District $

  4. Valero Refining Company - NJ | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 56325 Utility Location Yes Ownership R Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes This...

  5. ZERH Training Session: East Brunswick, NJ

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This 3.5-hour training provides builders with a comprehensive review of zero energy-ready home construction including the business case, detailed specifications, and opportunities to be recognized...

  6. NJ Clean Energy- Residential New Construction Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: The program offerings have been significantly changed for the fiscal year 2016. The changes go into effect starting September 1st, 2015.  More information about changes can be accessed in the...

  7. Microsoft Word - FUSRAP Middlesex NJ.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Engineers® New York District FUSRAP Middlesex Sampling Plant (MSP) Middlesex, New Jersey FACT SHEET January 2004 DESCRIPTION: The Middlesex Sampling Plant is located at 239 Mountain Avenue in Middlesex, New Jersey. The facility, which includes several buildings on 9.6 acres, was an entry point for African uranium ores known as pitchblende. These ores, imported for use in the nation's early atomic energy program, were assayed at the Middlesex Sampling Plant and then shipped to other sites for

  8. NJ_0-03-1.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

  9. Low-noise low-jitter 32-pixels CMOS single-photon avalanche diodes array for single-photon counting from 300 nm to 900 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scarcella, Carmelo; Tosi, Alberto Villa, Federica; Tisa, Simone; Zappa, Franco

    2013-12-15

    We developed a single-photon counting multichannel detection system, based on a monolithic linear array of 32 CMOS SPADs (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes). All channels achieve a timing resolution of 100 ps (full-width at half maximum) and a photon detection efficiency of 50% at 400 nm. Dark count rate is very low even at room temperature, being about 125 counts/s for 50 ?m active area diameter SPADs. Detection performance and microelectronic compactness of this CMOS SPAD array make it the best candidate for ultra-compact time-resolved spectrometers with single-photon sensitivity from 300 nm to 900 nm.

  10. The SEMATECH Berkeley MET: extending EUV learning to 16-nm half pitch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Christopher N.; Baclea-an, Lorie Mae; Denham, Paul E.; George, Simi; Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Jones, Michael; Smith, Nathan; Wallow, Thomas; Montgomery, Warren; Naulleau, Patrick P.

    2011-03-18

    Several high-performing resists identified in the past two years have been exposed at the 0.3-numerical-aperture (NA) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (BMET) with an engineered dipole illumination optimized for 18-nm half pitch. Five chemically amplified platforms were found to support 20-nm dense patterning at a film thickness of approximately 45 nm. At 19-nm half pitch, however, scattered bridging kept all of these resists from cleanly resolving larger areas of dense features. At 18-nm half pitch, none of the resists were are able to cleanly resolve a single line within a bulk pattern. With this same illumination a directly imageable metal oxide hardmask showed excellent performance from 22-nm half pitch to 17-nm half pitch, and good performance at 16-nm half pitch, closely following the predicted aerial image contrast. This indicates that observed limitations of the chemically amplified resists are indeed coming from the resist and not from a shortcoming of the exposure tool. The imageable hardmask was also exposed using a Pseudo Phase-Shift-Mask technique and achieved clean printing of 15-nm half pitch lines and modulation all the way down to the theoretical 12.5-nm resolution limit of the 0.3-NA SEMATECH BMET.

  11. Scaling trends in SET pulse widths in Sub-100 nm bulk CMOS processes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimham, Balaji; Ahlbin, Jonathan R.; Schrimpf, Ronald D.; Gadlage, Matthew J.; Massengill, Lloyd W.; Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Reed, Robert A.; Bhuva, Bharat L.

    2010-07-01

    Digital single-event transient (SET) measurements in a bulk 65-nm process are compared to transients measured in 130-nm and 90-nm processes. The measured SET widths are shorter in a 65-nm test circuit than SETs measured in similar 90-nm and 130-nm circuits, but, when the factors affecting the SET width measurements (in particular pulse broadening and the parasitic bipolar effect) are considered, the actual SET width trends are found to be more complex. The differences in the SET widths between test circuits can be attributed in part to differences in n-well contact area. These results help explain some of the inconsistencies in SET measurements presented by various researchers over the past few years.

  12. Filamentation in air at 1550 nm : initial experimentation with new laser

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    source. (Conference) | SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Search Results Conference: Filamentation in air at 1550 nm : initial experimentation with new laser source. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Filamentation in air at 1550 nm : initial experimentation with new laser source. We report air filamentation by a 1550 nm subpicosecond pulse. During filamentation, the continuum generated was less than expected. A large amount of third harmonic was also generated. Authors: Gruetzner,

  13. The SEMATECH Berkeley MET pushing EUV development beyond 22-nm half pitch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naulleau, P.; Anderson, C. N.; Backlea-an, L.-M.; Chan, D.; Denham, P.; George, S.; Goldberg, K. A.; Hoef, B.; Jones, G.; Koh, C.; La Fontaine, B.; McClinton, B.; Miyakawa, R.; Montgomery, W.; Rekawa, S.; Wallow, T.

    2010-03-18

    Microfield exposure tools (METs) play a crucial role in the development of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) resists and masks, One of these tools is the SEMATECH Berkeley 0.3 numerical aperture (NA) MET, Using conventional illumination this tool is limited to approximately 22-nm half pitch resolution. However, resolution enhancement techniques have been used to push the patterning capabilities of this tool to half pitches of 18 nm and below, This resolution was achieved in a new imageable hard mask which also supports contact printing down to 22 nm with conventional illumination. Along with resolution, line-edge roughness is another crucial hurdle facing EUV resists, Much of the resist LER, however, can be attributed to the mask. We have shown that intenssionally aggressive mask cleaning on an older generation mask causes correlated LER in photoresist to increase from 3.4 nm to 4,0 nm, We have also shown that new generation EUV masks (100 pm of substrate roughness) can achieve correlated LER values of 1.1 nm, a 3x improvement over the correlated LER of older generation EUV masks (230 pm of substrate roughness), Finally, a 0.5-NA MET has been proposed that will address the needs of EUV development at the 16-nm node and beyond, The tool will support an ultimate resolution of 8 nm half-pitch and generalized printing using conventional illumination down to 12 nm half pitch.

  14. Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chao, W.; Kim, J.; Rekawa, S.; Fischer, P.; Anderson, E. H.

    2009-06-05

    To extend soft x-ray microscopy to a resolution of order 10 nm or better, we developed a new nanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. The new process, based on the double patterning technique, has enabled us to fabricate high quality gold zone plates with 12 nm outer zones. Testing of the zone plate with the full-field transmission x-ray microscope, XM-1, in Berkeley, showed that the lens clearly resolved 12 nm lines and spaces. This result represents a significant step towards 10 nm resolution and beyond.

  15. QER Public Meeting in Santa Fe, NM: State, Local and Tribal Issues |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Santa Fe, NM: State, Local and Tribal Issues QER Public Meeting in Santa Fe, NM: State, Local and Tribal Issues Meeting Date and Location August 11, 2014 - 9:00 AM MDT New Mexico State personnel Office Auditorium 2600 Cerrillos Road Santa Fe, NM 87505-3258 Meeting Information Federal Register Notice Agenda: State, Local and Tribal Issues See the link below to download a copy of the meeting transcript1 See the link below to download a copy of the meeting summary See the

  16. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolff, T.A.; Hansen, R.P.

    1998-08-01

    This report on National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) chronicles past and current compliance activities and includes a recommended strategy that can be implemented for continued improvement. This report provides a list of important references. Attachment 1 contains the table of contents for SAND95-1648, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Guide Sandia National Laboratories (Hansen, 1995). Attachment 2 contains a list of published environmental assessments (EAs) and environmental impact statements (EISs) prepared by SNL/NM. Attachment 3 contains abstracts of NEPA compliance papers authored by SNL/NM and its contractors.

  17. File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NM.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NM.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution (1,650 1,275...

  18. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    00-DNA Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for GeothermalWell Field, DNA for Injection...

  19. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    111-DNA Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for GeothermalExploration, DNA for Three...

  20. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    6-CX Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX CX at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for GeothermalExploration CX at Lightning Dock...

  1. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2-DNA Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for GeothermalExploration DNA for Well 55-7 at...

  2. Change LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 19, 2015-Researchers at Los Alamos...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tree mortality accelerating in forests May 19, 2015 Los Alamos' paper published in Nature Climate Change LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 19, 2015-Researchers at Los Alamos National...

  3. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    info. GDP from BLM's Grass Wells Database, LR2000 SRPs, or State Mineral Commissions Databases. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DN...

  4. DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    info. GDP from BLM's Grass Wells Database, LR2000 SRPs, or State Mineral Commissions Databases. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DN...

  5. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., and MARINA DEL REY, Calif., June 26, 2013-Los...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tribogenics create highly portable imaging system June 26, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., and MARINA DEL REY, Calif., June 26, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory and Tribogenics, the...

  6. NM Stat. 62-9 - The Utility Franchise | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NM Stat. 62-9 - The Utility FranchiseLegal Abstract This statute governs state law pertaining to utilities. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2013 Legal Citation...

  7. Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores (Conference) | SciTech

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Connect Conference: Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores Carbon nanotubes offer an outstanding platform for studying molecular transport at nanoscale, and have become promising materials for nanofluidics and membrane technology due to their unique combination of physical, chemical, mechanical, and electronic properties. In particular, both simulations and experiments have proved that fluid

  8. Development of bottom-emitting 1300 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    lasers. (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Development of bottom-emitting 1300 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Development of bottom-emitting 1300 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. No abstract prepared. Authors: Fish, M. A. [1] ; Serkland, Darwin Keith ; Guilfoyle, Peter S. [1] ; Stone, Richard V. [1] ; Klem, John Frederick ; Louderback, Duane A. [1] ; Choquette, Kent D. [2] ; Pickrell, G. W. [1] + Show Author

  9. Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    permalloy dots (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular permalloy dots Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular permalloy dots We present the results of a Brillouin light scattering investigation of thermally excited spin wave eigenmodes in square arrays of either isolated rectangular dots of permalloy or twins of dipolarly coupled elements, placed side-by-side or

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Project Gas Buggy Site - NM 14

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Gas Buggy Site - NM 14 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Project Gas Buggy Site (NM.14 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Gasbuggy, New Mexico, Site Nevada Test Site History Documents Related to Project Gas Buggy Site Fact Sheet Gasbuggy, New Mexico The Gasbuggy Site is located in northwestern New Mexico in Rio Arriba County

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Ambrosia Lake Mill Site - NM 0-01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Ambrosia Lake Mill Site - NM 0-01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Ambrosia Lake Mill Site (NM.0-01) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Ambrosia Lake Mill Site Documents Related to Ambrosia Lake Mill Site 2014 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title I Disposal

  12. Best Practices Case Study: Tindall Homes - Princeton, NJ, Legends at Mansfield, Columbus, NJ

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-09-01

    Case Study of Tindall Homes, who worked with Building America to design an optimal package including advanced framing, insulated precast concrete basement walls, polyurethane foam in the walls, and R-49 of batt plus blown cellulose in the attics. Some homes included a detached garden shed with photovoltaic panel-covered roofs.

  13. Microsoft Word - DOE copy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    QUADRENNIAL ENERGY REVIEW PUBLIC MEETING #12: ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION, STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION - EAST September 8, 2014 Written Remarks of Ralph Izzo Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer Public Service Enterprise Group Inc. Business Models and Regulation of Regulated Utilities- Do They Need to Change, and If So How? Good afternoon, I'm Ralph Izzo - Chairman and CEO of PSEG, headquartered here in Newark, NJ. I'm honored to have been invited by DOE to share my perspective

  14. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Business Models and Regulation of Regulated Utilities Gregory Starheim, President & CEO Kenergy Corp., Henderson, KY Quadrennial Energy Review September 8, 2014 Public Meeting #12 - East Newark, NJ Kenergy Overview: * Distribution Electric Utility * Serving 56,000 consumers * Strong Industrial base * 2013 Sales: 9,760 M MWh * 7,000 miles of power lines * Regulated by Kentucky PSC * Member-Owner of Big Rivers Electric Corporation (BREC) for power supply services - Total Power Capacity -

  15. Past Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) Meetings | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Initiatives » The Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) » Past Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) Meetings Past Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) Meetings October 6, 2014 QER Public Meeting in New York, NY: Energy Infrastructure Finance October 6, 2014, 9:30 a.m. New York, NY September 8, 2014 QER Public Meeting in Newark, NJ: Electricity Transmission and Distribution - East September 8, 2014 - 9:00 AM EDT August 21, 2014 QER Public Meeting in Cheyenne, WY: Infrastructure Siting August 21, 2014 August

  16. OTS NOTE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    941 OTS NOTE DATE: July 2, 1990 TO: W. Alexander Williams FROM : Don Mackenzie d%? SUBJECT: Elimination of 3 Facilities from NSRAP ./ + 9 Enclosed are elimination recommendations for Vitro Chemical Co., Chattanooga TN Englehard Industries, Newark NJ, and Vapofier Corp., Blue Island IL. >&,a,- Ad on the information referenced in the enclosed memoranda, elimination /us13 of the above sites is recommended at this time. J. Wagoner II OTS File .\3 NSRAP Files (TN.4, N;, IL.25

  17. OTS NOTE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    2, 1990 TO: W. Alexander Williams FROM: Don Mackenzie &d> SUBJECT: Elimination of 3 Facilities from FUSRAP Enclosed are elimination recommendations for Vitro Chemical Co., Chattanooga TN, Englehard Industries, Newark NJ, and Vapofier Corp., Bluk Island IL. Based on the information referenced in the enclosed memorandA, elimination of the above sites is recommended at this time. CC: J. Wagoner II OTS File .I3 FUSRAP Files (TN.4, N;, IL.25)

  18. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Wednesday, 31 August 2005 00:00 Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their

  19. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Albuquerque, NM |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Albuquerque, NM DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Albuquerque, NM Case study of a New Mexico-based home builder who has built more DOE Zero Energy Ready certified homes than any builder in the nation. One example home achieved a HERS score of HERS 55 without PV or HERS 15 with PV. The one-story, 2,654-ft2 production home has 2x6 advanced framed walls filled with R-22 blown fiberglass, R-50 blown fiberglass in the vented attic, R-10 rigid foam under

  20. A 4 to 0.1 nm FEL Based on the SLAC Linac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pellegrini, C.; /UCLA

    2012-06-05

    The author show that using existing electron gun technology and a high energy linac like the one at SLAC, it is possible to build a Free Electron Laser operating around the 4 nm water window. A modest improvement in the gun performance would further allow to extend the FEL to the 0.1 nm region. Such a system would produce radiation with a brightness many order of magnitude above that of any synchrotron radiation source, existing or under construction, with laser power in the multigawatt region and subpicosecond pulse length.

  1. Measurement of the quantum efficiency of TMAE and TEA from threshold to 120 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holroyd, R.A.; Preses, J.M.; Woody, C.L.; Johnson, R.A.

    1986-01-01

    Several existing and planned high energy physics experiments incorporate detectors which use either TMAE (tetrakis-dimethylaminoethylene) or TEA (triethylamine) as their photosensitive agent. Understanding the operation of these devices requires knowledge of the absolute photoionization quantum efficiencies and absorption lengths of TMAE and TEA. In an experiment performed at the National Synchrotron Light source at Brookhaven National Laboratory, we have measured these parameters from 120 nm to 280 nm. The quantum efficiencies were normalized to the known photoionization yields of benzene and cis-2-butene. The results of these measurements and details of the experiment are presented in this paper.

  2. Efficient methylammonium lead iodide perovskite solar cells with active layers from 300 to 900 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Momblona, C.; Malinkiewicz, O.; Soriano, A.; Gil-Escrig, L.; Bandiello, E.; Scheepers, M.; Bolink, H. J.; Edri, E.

    2014-08-01

    Efficient methylammonium lead iodide perovskite-based solar cells have been prepared in which the perovskite layer is sandwiched in between two organic charge transporting layers that block holes and electrons, respectively. This configuration leads to stable and reproducible devices that do not suffer from strong hysteresis effects and when optimized lead to efficiencies close to 15%. The perovskite layer is formed by using a dual-source thermal evaporation method, whereas the organic layers are processed from solution. The dual-source thermal evaporation method leads to smooth films and allows for high precision thickness variations. Devices were prepared with perovskite layer thicknesses ranging from 160 to 900 nm. The short-circuit current observed for these devices increased with increasing perovskite layer thickness. The main parameter that decreases with increasing perovskite layer thickness is the fill factor and as a result optimum device performance is obtained for perovskite layer thickness around 300 nm. However, here we demonstrate that with a slightly oxidized electron blocking layer the fill factor for the solar cells with a perovskite layer thickness of 900 nm increases to the same values as for the devices with thin perovskite layers. As a result the power conversion efficiencies for the cells with 300 and 900 nm are very similar, 12.7% and 12%, respectively.

  3. THE INFRARED SPECTRUM OF URANIUM HOLLOW CATHODE LAMPS FROM 850 nm to 4000 nm: WAVENUMBERS AND LINE IDENTIFICATIONS FROM FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTRA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redman, Stephen L.; Ramsey, Lawrence W.; Mahadevan, Suvrath [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Lawler, James E. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, 1150 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Nave, Gillian [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)

    2011-08-01

    We provide new measurements of wavenumbers and line identifications of 10, 100 U I and U II near-infrared (NIR) emission lines between 2500 cm{sup -1} and 12, 000 cm{sup -1} (4000-850 nm) using archival Fourier transform spectrometer spectra from the National Solar Observatory. This line list includes isolated uranium lines in the Y, J, H, K, and L bands (0.9-1.1 {mu}m, 1.2-1.35 {mu}m, 1.5-1.65 {mu}m, 2.0-2.4 {mu}m, and 3.0-4.0 {mu}m, respectively), and provides six times as many calibration lines as thorium in the NIR spectral range. The line lists we provide enable inexpensive, commercially available uranium hollow cathode lamps to be used for high-precision wavelength calibration of existing and future high-resolution NIR spectrographs.

  4. MAGNETIC FIELDS OF AN ACTIVE REGION FILAMENT FROM FULL STOKES ANALYSIS OF Si I 1082.7 nm AND He I 1083.0 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Z.; Liu, Y.

    2012-04-20

    Vector magnetic fields of an active region filament in the photosphere and upper chromosphere are obtained from spectro-polarimetric observations recorded with the Tenerife Infrared Polarimeter (TIP II) at the German Vacuum Tower Telescope. We apply Milne-Eddington inversions on full Stokes vectors of the photospheric Si I 1082.7 nm and the upper chromospheric He I triplet at 1083.0 nm to obtain the magnetic field vector and velocity maps in two atmosphere layers. We find that (1) a complete filament was already present in H{alpha} at the beginning of the TIP II data acquisition. Only a partially formed one, composed of multiple small threads, was present in He I. (2) The AR filament comprises two sections. One shows strong magnetic field intensities, about 600-800 G in the upper chromosphere and 800-1000 G in the photosphere. The other exhibits only comparatively weak magnetic field strengths in both layers. (3) The Stokes V signal is indicative of a dip in the magnetic field strength close to the chromospheric PIL. (4) In the chromosphere, consistent upflows are found along the PIL flanked by downflows. (5) The transversal magnetic field is nearly parallel to the PIL in the photosphere and inclined by 20 Degree-Sign -30 Degree-Sign in the chromosphere. (6) The chromospheric magnetic field around the filament is found to be in normal configuration, while the photospheric field presents a concave magnetic topology. The observations are consistent with the emergence of a flux rope with a subsequent formation of a filament.

  5. Stable formation of ultrahigh power-density 248 nm channels in Xe cluster targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borisov, Alex B.; Racz, Ervin; Khan, Shahab F.; Poopalasingam, Sankar; McCorkindale, John C.; Boguta, John; Longworth, James W.; Rhodes, Charles K.

    2012-07-11

    The optimization of relativistic and ponderomotive self-channeling of ultra-powerful 248 nm laser pulses launched in underdense plasmas with an appropriate longitudinal gradient in the electron density profile located at the initial stage of the self-channeling leads to (1) stable channel formation and (2) highly efficient power compression producing power densities in the 10{sup 19}-10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 3} range. The comparison of theoretical studies with experimental results involving the correlation of (a) Thomson images of the electron density with (b) x-ray images of the channel morphology demonstrates that more than 90% of the incident 248 nm power can be trapped in stable channels and that this stable propagation can be extended to power levels significantly exceeding the critical power of the self-channeling process.

  6. A InGaN/GaN quantum dot green ({lambda}=524 nm) laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Meng; Banerjee, Animesh; Lee, Chi-Sen; Hinckley, John M.; Bhattacharya, Pallab

    2011-05-30

    The characteristics of self-organized InGaN/GaN quantum dot lasers are reported. The laser heterostructures were grown on c-plane GaN substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy and the laser facets were formed by focused ion beam etching with gallium. Emission above threshold is characterized by a peak at 524 nm (green) and linewidth of 0.7 nm. The lowest measured threshold current density is 1.2 kA/cm{sup 2} at 278 K. The slope and wall plug efficiencies are 0.74 W/A and {approx}1.1%, respectively, at 1.3 kA/cm{sup 2}. The value of T{sub 0}=233 K in the temperature range of 260-300 K.

  7. 32.8-nm X-ray laser produced in a krypton cluster jet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanova, E P; Vinokhodov, A Yu

    2013-12-31

    We have interpreted the well-known experimental quantum yield data for a 32.8-nm X-ray laser operating at the 3d{sup 9}4d (J = 0) 3d{sup 9}4p (J = 1) transition of Kr{sup 8+} with the use of gaseous krypton or a krypton cluster jet. Proceeding from our model we propose a novel scheme for the 32.8-nm laser produced in a krypton cluster jet. The quantum yield is shown to saturate for a plasma length of ?300 ?m, a krypton ion density n{sub Kr} ? (4 9) 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}, and an electron temperature Te ? 5000 eV. In this case, the energy conversion coefficient amounts to ?5 10{sup -3} of the pump pulse energy. We propose the experimental setup for producing a highefficiency subpicosecond X-ray laser in a krypton cluster jet. (lasers)

  8. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical

  9. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical

  10. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical

  11. New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical

  12. Change LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 19, 2015-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Drought-induced tree mortality accelerating in forests May 19, 2015 Los Alamos' paper published in Nature Climate Change LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 19, 2015-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory have found that drought and heat-induced tree mortality is accelerating in many forest biomes as a consequence of a warming climate in their paper "Darcy's law predicts widespread forest mortality under climate warming," published in the journal Nature Climate Change. "The warming

  13. Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 5, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lab director to link science education, national security in TEDxABQ talk September 5, 2013 Watch live stream at home or at Bradbury Science Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 5, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie McMillan will discuss the linkage between national security and early education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) during a presentation at the TEDxABQ conference in Albuquerque on Saturday, Sept. 7. Although the event is expected to sell out

  14. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 2, 2015-Randy Fraser of Los Alamos National Laboratory's

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Randy Fraser receives NNSA 2014 Security Professional of the Year award April 2, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 2, 2015-Randy Fraser of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Security, Safeguards and Emergency Response Directorate received a 2014 National Nuclear Security Administration Security Professional of the Year award. "I am extremely honored to have the privilege of presenting these amazing individuals with the Bradley A. Peterson Federal and Contractor Security Professional of the Year

  15. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 15, 2014-The Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellows list

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Fellows for 2014 December 15, 2014 Honorees span sciences in physics, astrophysics, chemistry LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 15, 2014-The Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellows list expands by five this week as a new group of high achievers is named. The honorees this year are Christopher L. Fryer, Herbert O. Funsten, John C. Gordon, Jaqueline L. Kiplinger and David S. Moore. "The sustained scientific excellence demonstrated by the work of Chris, Herb, John, Jaqueline and David

  16. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 17, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    model more accurately tracks gases for underground nuclear explosion detection December 17, 2015 Model uniquely pairs seismic data with radionuclide fluid-flow models LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 17, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a new, more thorough method for detecting underground nuclear explosions (UNEs) by coupling two fundamental elements-seismic models with gas-flow models-to create a more complete picture of how an explosion's evidence (radionuclide gases)

  17. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 22, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    science news of 2014 December 22, 2014 Biosurveillance, secure computing, alternative energy, unique capabilities highlight the year LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 22, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory today announced its annual top science stories of 2014. The 12 stories selected from diverse disciplines supporting Los Alamos's national security mission range from transferring fool-proof computer encryption techniques to market, to using social media for forecasting diseases, creating a virtual human

  18. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 3, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory molecular

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    explore new strategies to improve photosynthesis, increase energy yields December 6, 2015 First talk is Monday, Dec. 7 in Albuquerque LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 3, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory molecular biologist Richard Sayre discusses how improving photosynthetic efficiency may result in substantial increases in crop yields during two Frontiers in Science lectures titled "Hacking Photosynthesis: Growing Plants to Power Our Engines and Feed the World" beginning Dec. 7 in

  19. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    put to work for electric grid security February 14, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory quantum cryptography (QC) team successfully completed the first-ever demonstration of securing control data for electric grids using quantum cryptography. The demonstration was performed in the electric grid test bed that is part of the Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG) project at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) that was

  20. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 23, 2015-Nine Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    join prestigious ranks of APS fellows February 23, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 23, 2015-Nine Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists are new Fellows of the American Physical Society. Cristian Batista, Malcolm Boshier, Dana Dattelbaum, Stephen Doorn, Michelle Espy, George Rodriguez, Avadh Saxena, Sergei Tretiak and Lin Yin are the new honorees. "Selection as American Physical Society fellows is de facto proof of the vibrant engagement Los Alamos scientists are having with the larger

  1. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 1, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory employees

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    27,000 pledged by Los Alamos National Laboratory employees in 2014 LAESF scholarship drive July 1, 2014 Investing in success of Northern New Mexico students LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 1, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory employees pledged a record $327,000 during the recently completed 2014 Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund (LAESF) drive. The drive encourages Laboratory employees, retirees, and subcontract personnel to donate to a fund that awards college scholarships to Northern New Mexico

  2. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 18, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory today

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    Fukushima with cosmic rays should speed cleanup June 18, 2014 Los Alamos to partner with Toshiba to remotely and safely peer inside nuclear reactors LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 18, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory today announced an impending partnership with Toshiba Corporation to use a Los Alamos technique called muon tomography to safely peer inside the cores of the Fukushima Daiichi reactors and create high-resolution images of the damaged nuclear material inside without ever breaching the

  3. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 24, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ocean mixing reveals insight on climate June 24, 2015 Eddies pull carbon emissions into deep ocean, new model simulates complex process LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 24, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a computer model that clarifies the complex processes driving ocean mixing in the vast eddies that swirl across hundreds of miles of open ocean. "The model enables us to study the important processes of ocean storms, which move heat and carbon from the atmosphere

  4. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 24, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory mechanical

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    computer simulation improves offshore drill rig safety March 24, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 24, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory mechanical and thermal engineering researchers' efforts to solve the complex problem of how ocean currents affect the infrastructure of floating oilrigs and their computational fluid dynamics (CFD) numerical simulations received recognition from ANSYS Inc., a company that provides computer-based engineering simulation capabilities."Because energy resources

  5. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 13, 2013-Today, Los Alamos National Laboratory

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    Domestic production of medical isotope Mo-99 moves a step closer May 13, 2013 Los Alamos team produces molybdenum-99 from irradiation of low enriched uranium solution LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 13, 2013-Today, Los Alamos National Laboratory announced that for the first time, irradiated low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel has been recycled and reused for molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) production, with virtually no losses in Mo-99 yields or uranium recovery. This demonstrates the viability of the separation

  6. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 22, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory's Bradbury

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    partnering in national Blue Star Museums program May 22, 2013 Free admission for active duty military, their family members LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 22, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory's Bradbury Science Museum is again partnering with the National Endowment for the Arts, Blue Star Families Foundation and the Department of Defense in the Blue Star Museums program to host active duty military personnel and their families from Memorial Day, May 27, through Labor Day, Sept. 2. "In this the

  7. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 10, 2015-Two Los Alamos National Laboratory employees

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    Helping New Mexico small businesses earns recognition for Los Alamos National Lab employees November 10, 2015 Program provides access to technical expertise and laboratory capabilities LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 10, 2015-Two Los Alamos National Laboratory employees were recently recognized in an awards ceremony for providing their technical expertise and access to lab capabilities to help small businesses through the New Mexico Small Business Assistance Program. Don Quintana, a group leader within

  8. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory

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    virus spread and evolution studied through computer modeling November 19, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory are investigating the complex relationships between the spread of the HIV virus in a population (epidemiology) and the actual, rapid evolution of the virus (phylogenetics) within each patient's body. "We have developed novel ways of estimating epidemics dynamics such as who infected whom, and the true population incidence of infection

  9. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 17, 2012-Researchers from Los Alamos National

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    travelers from deep space could assist in healing Fukushima's nuclear scar October 17, 2012 Researchers examine use of cosmic-ray radiography on damaged reactor cores LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 17, 2012-Researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory have devised a method to use cosmic rays to gather detailed information from inside the damaged cores of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors, which were heavily damaged in March 2011 by a tsunami that followed a great earthquake. In a paper in

  10. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 26, 2015-Scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory,

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    Nanoscale, multidimensional artificial magnet created October 26, 2015 Embargoed for 10 a.m. Mountain, Oct. 26, 2015 Tiny magnets could work in sensors, information encoding LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 26, 2015-Scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory, in collaboration with a group at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source and with other researchers nationwide, have realized a nanoscale, artificial magnet by arranging an

  11. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., October 9, 2012-Researchers at Los Alamos National

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    crystallography aids drug design October 9, 2012 Precisely tailored pharmaceuticals could reduce medical side effects LOS ALAMOS, N.M., October 9, 2012-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory have used neutron crystallography for the first time to determine the structure of a clinical drug in complex with its human target enzyme. Seeing the detailed structure of the bonded components provides insights into developing more effective drugs with fewer side effects for patients. - 2 - The

  12. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2013: Palo Duro Homes, Inc., Albuquerque, NM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Palo Duro Homes, Inc. Albuquerque, NM BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in to give you

  13. Michaela G. Farr and Joshua S. Stein Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM, 87185, United States

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spatial Variations in Temperature across a Photovoltaic Array Michaela G. Farr and Joshua S. Stein Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM, 87185, United States ABSTRACT - The efficiency of any photovoltaic device is significantly affected by its operating temperature. It is therefore of great interest to the PV industry to have accurate models of module and array temperatures. Existing PV performance models generally assume that module temperature is a function of plane-of-array irradiance,

  14. Size dependent compressibility of nano-ceria: Minimum near 33 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodenbough, Philip P.; Song, Junhua; Chan, Siu-Wai; Walker, David; Clark, Simon M.; Kalkan, Bora

    2015-04-20

    We report the crystallite-size-dependency of the compressibility of nanoceria under hydrostatic pressure for a wide variety of crystallite diameters and comment on the size-based trends indicating an extremum near 33 nm. Uniform nano-crystals of ceria were synthesized by basic precipitation from cerium (III) nitrate. Size-control was achieved by adjusting mixing time and, for larger particles, a subsequent annealing temperature. The nano-crystals were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and standard ambient x-ray diffraction (XRD). Compressibility, or its reciprocal, bulk modulus, was measured with high-pressure XRD at LBL-ALS, using helium, neon, or argon as the pressure-transmitting medium for all samples. As crystallite size decreased below 100 nm, the bulk modulus first increased, and then decreased, achieving a maximum near a crystallite diameter of 33 nm. We review earlier work and examine several possible explanations for the peaking of bulk modulus at an intermediate crystallite size.

  15. Effects of amines on formation of sub-3 nm particles and their subsequent growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu H.; McGraw R.; Lee S.-H.

    2012-01-28

    Field observations and quantum chemical calculations suggest that amines can be important for formation of nanometer size particles. Amines and ammonia often have common atmospheric emission sources and the similar chemical and physical properties. While the effects of ammonia on aerosol nucleation have been previously investigated, laboratory studies of homogeneous nucleation involving amines are lacking. We have made kinetics studies of multicomponent nucleation (MCN) with sulfuric acid, water, ammonia and amines under conditions relevant to the atmosphere. Low concentrations of aerosol precursors were measured with chemical ionization mass spectrometers (CIMS) to provide constrained precursor concentrations needed for nucleation. Particle sizes larger than {approx}2 nm were measured with a nano-differential mobility analyzer (nano-DMA), and number concentrations of particles larger than {approx}1 nm were measured with a particle size magnifier (PSM). Our observations provide the laboratory evidence that amines indeed can participate in aerosol nucleation and growth at the molecular cluster level. The enhancement of particle number concentrations due to several atmospherically relevant amine compounds and ammonia were related to the basicity of these compounds, indicating that acid-base reactions may contribute to the formation of sub-3 nm particles.

  16. Scientists to Meet in Carlsbad, NM for Hard Rock Lab Task Force

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientists From Nine Countries to Converge On Carlsbad for Technical Meeting CARLSBAD, N.M., February 7, 2000 - Scientists from nine countries will converge on this southeastern New Mexico city February 7-10 to share their views during the 13 th Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory Task Force Meeting on Modelling of Groundwater Flow and Transport of Solutes. "Carlsbad is quickly becoming recognized as the international center for repository technology," said Dr. Inés Triay, manager of the U.S.

  17. 1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer as the ultimate copper diffusion barrier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Ba-Son [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Lin, Jen-Fin [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Perng, Dung-Ching, E-mail: dcperng@ee.ncku.edu.tw [Institute of Microelectronics and Electrical Engineering Department, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)

    2014-02-24

    We demonstrate the thinnest ever reported Cu diffusion barrier, a 1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer. X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra show that the graphene is thermally stable at up to 750?C against Cu diffusion. Transmission electron microscopy images show that there was no inter-diffusion in the Cu/graphene/Si structure. Raman analyses indicate that the graphene may have degraded into a nanocrystalline structure at 750?C. At 800?C, the perfect carbon structure was damaged, and thus the barrier failed. The results of this study suggest that graphene could be the ultimate Cu interconnect diffusion barrier.

  18. CY08 SNL_NM ASER_8_10_09.indb

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    //IA * .~ r'fIA \b1i Sandia Site Office ///IV&.~~~ National Nuclear Security Administration P.o. Box 5400 Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-5400 AUG 262009 To Distribution: Enclosed is a copy of the Calendar Year (CY) 2008 Annual Site Environmental Report for the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Sandia National Laboratories/Nev..: rV:iexico (SNL/NM) for your use as appropriate. This report has recently been approved for public distribution. The

  19. Damage thresholds of thin film materials and high reflectors at 248 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rainer, F.; Lowdermilk, W.H.; Milam, D.; Carniglia, C.K.; Hart, T.T.; Lichtenstein, T.L.

    1982-01-01

    Twenty-ns, 248-nm KrF laser pulses were used to measure laser damage thresholds for halfwave-thick layers of 15 oxide and fluoride coating materials, and for high reflectance coatings made with 13 combinations of these materials. The damage thresholds of the reflectors and single-layer films were compared to measurements of several properties of the halfwave-thick films to determine whether measurements of these properties of single-layer films to determine whether measurements of these properties of single-layer films were useful for identifying materials for fabrication of damage resistant coatings.

  20. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gamma-ray observatory begins operations at Sierra Negra volcano in the state of Puebla, Mexico August 21, 2013 New site to observe supernovas and supermassive black holes LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma Ray Observatory has begun formal operations at its site in Mexico. HAWC is designed to study the origin of very high-energy cosmic rays and observe the most energetic objects in the known universe. This extraordinary observatory, using a unique

  1. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., August 7, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist

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    Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics August 7, 2013 Is behavior hardwired by DNA or a product of environment? LOS ALAMOS, N.M., August 7, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Karissa Sanbonmatsu, will discuss epigenetics in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures beginning Tuesday, Aug. 13, at the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science in Albuquerque. The 7 p.m. talk, titled "Nature, Nurture or Neither: The New Science of Epigenetics," focuses

  2. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 14, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory's portable

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    named Top 10 Breakthrough of 2015 by Physics World magazine December 20, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 14, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory's portable MRI was named one of the Top 10 Breakthroughs of the Year by Physics World, the member magazine of the Institute of Physics. Portable MRI, also called Battlefield MRI (bMRI), uses ultra-low-field magnetic resonance imaging to create images of injured soft tissues, such as the brain. "Hospital-based MRI devices are big and expensive,"

  3. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    follows the 'Yellowknife Road' to Martian wet area January 15, 2013 Instrument confirms presence of gypsum and related minerals LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory and the French Space Agency have tracked a trail of minerals that point to the prior presence of water at the Curiosity rover site on Mars. Researchers from the Mars Science Laboratory's ChemCam team today described how the laser instrument aboard the Curiosity Rover-an SUV-sized vehicle

  4. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 12, 2013 - Los Alamos National Laboratory Director

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    Importance of science education to national security will be Los Alamos director's topic at TEDxABQ July 12, 2013 Importance of science education to national security will be Los Alamos director's topic at TEDxABQ LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 12, 2013 - Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Charlie McMillan will be one of 17 speakers at this year's TEDxABQ, event organizers announced this week. TEDxABQ, scheduled for Saturday, September 7 at Popejoy Hall, is an independently organized event in

  5. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 27, 2015- Four Los Alamos National Laboratory projects

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    Los Alamos projects selected as R&D 100 Award finalists July 27, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 27, 2015- Four Los Alamos National Laboratory projects have been selected as finalists for the 2015 R&D 100 awards, which honor the top 100 proven technological advances of the past year as determined by a panel selected by R&D Magazine. The Los Alamos finalists are: LARS: Lab-scale Asynchronous Radiographic System, PipeLIBS: A Self-Contained Elemental Analysis Tool for the Oil Industry,

  6. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    laser-driven neutrons to stop nuclear smugglers June 4, 2013 Los Alamos shows first nuclear material detection by single short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers have successfully demonstrated for the first time that laser-generated neutrons can be enlisted as a useful tool in the War on Terror. The international research team in February used the short-pulse laser at Los Alamos's TRIDENT facility to generate a neutron beam

  7. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 18, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    creates bioinformatics tool for metagenome analysis March 18, 2015 'GOTTCHA' tool could aid ID of co-infections in medical samples LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 18, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a new method for DNA analysis of microbial communities such as those found in the ocean, the soil, and our own guts. "Metagenomics is the study of entire microbial communities using genomics, such as when you sequence the DNA of a whole community of organisms at

  8. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 19, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to explore new strategies for diagnosing challenging diseases March 19, 2015 First talk is Tuesday, March 24 in Los Alamos LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 19, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher Harshini Mukundan discusses the re-emergence of tuberculosis in a series of three lectures called "The Microbe Strikes Back: The Return of Tuberculosis." The talks, which focus on how effective diagnosis can prevent its spread and save lives, take place in Los Alamos, Albuquerque and Santa

  9. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 31, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory climate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures March 31, 2014 It's not easy staying green... LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 31, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory climate researcher Nate McDowell will discuss climate change and its effects on forest systems in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures beginning Wednesday, April 2 at the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science in Albuquerque. "The data we have suggests that forests of the Southwest and many other areas

  10. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 3, 2015-Nina Lanza, of Los Alamos National Laboratory's

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hunting for meteorites in Antarctica November 13, 2015 Los Alamos scientist part of NASA's select few LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 3, 2015-Nina Lanza, of Los Alamos National Laboratory's Space and Remote Sensing group, was selected as one of eight members for the 2015-2016 field campaign of the Antarctica Search for Meteorites (ANSMET) program, which is supported by NASA. "These meteorites can help us understand the formation and evolution of our solar system," said Lanza. "They come

  11. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 22, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory explosives

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rings of Fire: New explosives provide enhanced safety, high energy October 22, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 22, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory explosives chemist David Chavez has synthesized a pair of novel molecules, one possessing a unique fused three-ring structure. These materials could usher in a new class of explosives that provide high-energy output with enhanced safety. "There is a general trend that the higher the performance of an energetic material, the more sensitive the

  12. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Matter, antimatter and surviving the big bang is topic of Lab's next Frontiers in Science lecture October 31, 2013 Talk begins at 7 p.m. and open to public LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Vincenzo Cirigliano asks the question, How did we survive the big bang? in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures beginning Monday, Nov. 4, in the Duane Smith Auditorium at Los Alamos High School. "Particles and antiparticles were produced in equal numbers in the

  13. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 17, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    insights into HIV-1 vaccine design September 17, 2015 Los Alamos researchers model alternate ideas for an HIV vaccine LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 17, 2015-Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have created a computational model that could change the way that researchers look at possibilities for an HIV-1 vaccine. "An effective HIV-1 vaccine has proven elusive, partly due to the difficulty of causing an immune response that can neutralize the diverse viral strains circulating in the human

  14. DOE Challenge Home Case Study, Palo Duro Homes, Inc., Albuquerque, NM, Production

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CHALLENGE HOME CASE STUDY Palo Duro Homes, Inc. Albuquerque, NM BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE DOE Challenge Home builders are in the top 1% of builders in the country meeting the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed by the U.S. Department of Energy. Every DOE Challenge Home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Then, even more advanced technologies are designed in for a home that

  15. Quantum yield for carbon monoxide production in the 248 nm photodissociation of carbonyl sulfide (OCS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Z.; Stickel, R.E.; Wine, P.H. [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)] [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)

    1995-03-01

    Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy has been coupled with excimer laser flash photolysis to measure the quantum yield for CO production from 248 nm photodissociation of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) relative to the well known quantum yield for CO production from 248 nm photolysis of phosgene (Cl{sub 2}CO). The temporal resolution of the experiments was sufficient to distinguish CO formed directly by photodissociation from that formed by subsequent S({sup 3}P{sub j}) reaction with OCS. Under the experimental conditions employed, CO formation via the fast S({sup 1}D{sub 2})+OCS reaction was minimal. Measurements at 297K and total pressures from 4 to 100 Torr N{sub 2}+N{sub 2}O show the CO yield to be greater than 0.95 and most likely unity. This result suggests that the contribution of OCS as a precursor to the lower stratospheric sulfate aerosol layer is somewhat larger than previously thought. 25 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  16. Final report on LDRD project : single-photon-sensitive imaging detector arrays at 1600 nm.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, Kenton David; Serkland, Darwin Keith; Geib, Kent Martin; Hawkins, Samuel D.; Carroll, Malcolm S.; Klem, John Frederick; Sheng, Josephine Juin-Jye; Patel, Rupal K.; Bolles, Desta; Bauer, Tom M.; Koudelka, Robert

    2006-11-01

    The key need that this project has addressed is a short-wave infrared light detector for ranging (LIDAR) imaging at temperatures greater than 100K, as desired by nonproliferation and work for other customers. Several novel device structures to improve avalanche photodiodes (APDs) were fabricated to achieve the desired APD performance. A primary challenge to achieving high sensitivity APDs at 1550 nm is that the small band-gap materials (e.g., InGaAs or Ge) necessary to detect low-energy photons exhibit higher dark counts and higher multiplication noise compared to materials like silicon. To overcome these historical problems APDs were designed and fabricated using separate absorption and multiplication (SAM) regions. The absorption regions used (InGaAs or Ge) to leverage these materials 1550 nm sensitivity. Geiger mode detection was chosen to circumvent gain noise issues in the III-V and Ge multiplication regions, while a novel Ge/Si device was built to examine the utility of transferring photoelectrons in a silicon multiplication region. Silicon is known to have very good analog and GM multiplication properties. The proposed devices represented a high-risk for high-reward approach. Therefore one primary goal of this work was to experimentally resolve uncertainty about the novel APD structures. This work specifically examined three different designs. An InGaAs/InAlAs Geiger mode (GM) structure was proposed for the superior multiplication properties of the InAlAs. The hypothesis to be tested in this structure was whether InAlAs really presented an advantage in GM. A Ge/Si SAM was proposed representing the best possible multiplication material (i.e., silicon), however, significant uncertainty existed about both the Ge material quality and the ability to transfer photoelectrons across the Ge/Si interface. Finally a third pure germanium GM structure was proposed because bulk germanium has been reported to have better dark count properties. However, significant uncertainty existed about the quantum efficiency at 1550 nm the necessary operating temperature. This project has resulted in several conclusions after fabrication and measurement of the proposed structures. We have successfully demonstrated the Ge/Si proof-of-concept in producing high analog gain in a silicon region while absorbing in a Ge region. This has included significant Ge processing infrastructure development at Sandia. However, sensitivity is limited at low temperatures due to high dark currents that we ascribe to tunneling. This leaves remaining uncertainty about whether this structure can achieve the desired performance with further development. GM detection in InGaAs/InAlAs, Ge/Si, Si and pure Ge devices fabricated at Sandia was shown to overcome gain noise challenges, which represents critical learning that will enable Sandia to respond to future single photon detection needs. However, challenges to the operation of these devices in GM remain. The InAlAs multiplication region was not found to be significantly superior to current InP regions for GM, however, improved multiplication region design of InGaAs/InP APDs has been highlighted. For Ge GM detectors it still remains unclear whether an optimal trade-off of parameters can achieve the necessary sensitivity at 1550 nm. To further examine these remaining questions, as well as other application spaces for these technologies, funding for an Intelligence Community post-doc was awarded this year.

  17. Ion generation and CPC detection efficiency studies in sub 3-nm size range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kangasluoma, J.; Junninen, H.; Sipilae, M.; Kulmala, M.; Petaejae, T.; Lehtipalo, K.; Mikkilae, J.; Vanhanen, J.; Attoui, M.; Worsnop, D.

    2013-05-24

    We studied the chemical composition of commonly used condensation particle counter calibration ions with a mass spectrometer and found that in our calibration setup the negatively charged ammonium sulphate, sodium chloride and tungsten oxide are the least contaminated whereas silver on both positive and negative and the three mentioned earlier in positive mode are contaminated with organics. We report cut-off diameters for Airmodus Particle Size Magnifier (PSM) 1.1, 1.3, 1.4, 1.6 and 1.6-1.8 nm for negative sodium chloride, ammonium sulphate, tungsten oxide, silver and positive organics, respectively. To study the effect of sample relative humidity on detection efficiency of the PSM we used different humidities in the differential mobility analyzer sheath flow and found that with increasing relative humidity also the detection efficiency of the PSM increases.

  18. Noise behavior of a 180-nm CMOS SOI technology for detector front-end electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Re, Valerio; Gaioni, Luigi; Manghisoni, Massimo; Ratti, Lodovico; Speziali, Valeria; Traversi, Gianluca; Yarema, Ray; /Fermilab

    2008-01-01

    This paper is motivated by the growing interest of the detector and readout electronics community towards silicon-on-insulator CMOS processes. Advanced SOI MOSFETs feature peculiar electrical characteristics impacting their performance with respect to bulk CMOS devices. Here we mainly focus on the study of these effects on the noise parameters of the transistors, using experimental data relevant to 180 nm fully depleted SOI devices as a reference. The comparison in terms of white and 1/f noise components with bulk MOSFETs with the same minimum feature size gives a basis of estimate for the signal-to-noise ratio achievable in detector front-end integrated circuits designed in an SOI technology.

  19. Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550 nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenberg, Danna; Peterson, Charles G; Dallmann, Nicholas; Hughes, Richard J; Mccabe, Kevin P; Nordholt, Jane E; Tyagi, Hush T; Peters, Nicholas A; Toliver, Paul; Chapman, Thomas E; Runser, Robert J; Mcnown, Scott R

    2008-01-01

    To move beyond dedicated links and networks, quantum communications signals must be integrated into networks carrying classical optical channels at power levels many orders of magnitude higher than the quantum signals themselves. We demonstrate transmission of a 1550-nm quantum channel with up to two simultaneous 200-GHz spaced classical telecom channels, using ROADM (reconfigurable optical <1dd drop multiplexer) technology for multiplexing and routing quantum and classical signals. The quantum channel is used to perform quantum key distribution (QKD) in the presence of noise generated as a by-product of the co-propagation of classical channels. We demonstrate that the dominant noise mechanism can arise from either four-wave mixing or spontaneous Raman scattering, depending on the optical path characteristics as well <1S the classical channel parameters. We quantity these impairments and discuss mitigation strategies.

  20. Time and spectrum-resolving multiphoton correlator for 300900 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnsen, Kelsey D.; Thibault, Marilyne; Jennewein, Thomas; Kolenderski, Piotr; Scarcella, Carmelo; Tosi, Alberto

    2014-10-14

    We demonstrate a single-photon sensitive spectrometer in the visible range, which allows us to perform time-resolved and multi-photon spectral correlation measurements at room temperature. It is based on a monochromator composed of two gratings, collimation optics, and an array of single photon avalanche diodes. The time resolution can reach 110 ps and the spectral resolution is 2 nm/pixel, limited by the design of the monochromator. This technique can easily be combined with commercial monochromators and can be useful for joint spectrum measurements of two photons emitted in the process of parametric down conversion, as well as time-resolved spectrum measurements in optical coherence tomography or medical physics applications.

  1. The photodissociation of oxetane at 193 nm as the reverse of the Paterno-Buchi reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Shih-Huang

    2009-12-14

    We investigated the photodissociation of oxetane (1,3-trimethylene oxide) at 193.3 nm in a molecular-beam apparatus using photofragment-translational spectroscopy and selective photoionization. We measured time-of-flight (TOF) spectra and angular anisotropy parameters {beta}(t) as a function of flight time of products at m/z=26-30 u utilizing photoionization energies from 9.8 to 14.8 eV. The TOF distributions of the products alter greatly with the employed photon energy, whereas their {beta}(t) distributions are insensitive to the photon energy. Dissociation to H{sub 2}CO+C{sub 2}H{sub 4} is the major channel in the title reaction. Three distinct dissociation paths with branching ratios 0.923:0.058:0.019 are responsible for the three features observed in the distribution of kinetic energy released in the channel H{sub 2}CO+C{sub 2}H{sub 4}. The observation of H{sub 2} and H atoms, {approx}1% in branching, indicates that products H{sub 2}CO and C{sub 2}H{sub 4} spontaneously decompose to only a small extent. Most HCO, C{sub 2}H{sub 3}, and C{sub 2}H{sub 2} ions originate from dissociative photoionization of products H{sub 2}CO and C{sub 2}H{sub 4}. Except atomic H and H{sub 2}, the photoproducts have large angular anisotropies, {beta}{>=}-0.8, which reflects rapid dissociation of oxetane following optical excitation at 193.3 nm. The mechanisms of dissociation of oxetane are addressed. Our results confirm the quantum-chemical calculations of Palmer et al. and provide profound insight into the Paterno-Buchi reaction.

  2. EA-1906: Operations, Consolidation, and Upgrades at the Office of Secure Transportation Western Command Site, Albuquerque, NM

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates environmental impacts associated with the siting and construction of several proposed buildings, including a new vehicle maintenance facility and mobile equipment maintenance building (and their support structures) at the Western Command Site, Albuquerque, NM.

  3. Stress-induced piezoelectric field in GaN-based 450-nm light-emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tawfik, Wael Z.; Hyeon, Gil Yong; Lee, June Key

    2014-10-28

    We investigated the influence of the built-in piezoelectric field induced by compressive stress on the characteristics of GaN-based 450-nm light-emitting diodes (LEDs) prepared on sapphire substrates of different thicknesses. As the sapphire substrate thickness was reduced, the compressive stress in the GaN layer was released, resulting in wafer bowing. The wafer bowing-induced mechanical stress altered the piezoelectric field, which in turn reduced the quantum confined Stark effect in the InGaN/GaN active region of the LED. The flat-band voltage was estimated by measuring the applied bias voltage that induced a 180 phase shift in the electro-reflectance (ER) spectrum. The piezoelectric field estimated by the ER spectra changed by ?110?kV/cm. The electroluminescence spectral peak wavelength was blue-shifted, and the internal quantum efficiency was improved by about 22% at a high injection current of 100?mA. The LED on the 60-?m-thick sapphire substrate exhibited the highest light output power of ?59?mW at an injection current of 100?mA, with the operating voltage unchanged.

  4. Spectral irradiance model for tungsten halogen lamps in 340-850 nm wavelength range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ojanen, Maija; Kaerhae, Petri; Ikonen, Erkki

    2010-02-10

    We have developed a physical model for the spectral irradiance of 1 kW tungsten halogen incandescent lamps for the wavelength range 340-850 nm. The model consists of the Planck's radiation law, published values for the emissivity of tungsten, and a residual spectral correction function taking into account unknown factors of the lamp. The correction function was determined by measuring the spectra of a 1000 W, quartz-halogen, tungsten coiled filament (FEL) lamp at different temperatures. The new model was tested with lamps of types FEL and 1000 W, 120 V quartz halogen (DXW). Comparisons with measurements of two national standards laboratories indicate that the model can account for the spectral irradiance values of lamps with an agreement better than 1% throughout the spectral region studied. We further demonstrate that the spectral irradiance of a lamp can be predicted with an expanded uncertainty of 2.6% if the color temperature and illuminance values for the lamp are known with expanded uncertainties of 20 K and 2%, respectively. In addition, it is suggested that the spectral irradiance may be derived from resistance measurements of the filament with lamp on and off.

  5. Optical emission from a small scale model electric arc furnace in 250-600 nm region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maekinen, A.; Tikkala, H.; Aksela, H.; Niskanen, J.

    2013-04-15

    Optical emission spectroscopy has been for long proposed for monitoring and studying industrial steel making processes. Whereas the radiative decay of thermal excitations is always taking place in high temperatures needed in steel production, one of the most promising environment for such studies are electric arc furnaces, creating plasma in excited electronic states that relax with intense characteristic emission in the optical regime. Unfortunately, large industrial scale electric arc furnaces also present a challenging environment for optical emission studies and application of the method is not straightforward. To study the usability of optical emission spectroscopy in real electric arc furnaces, we have developed a laboratory scale DC electric arc furnace presented in this paper. With the setup, optical emission spectra of Fe, Cr, Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Ni, SiO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, CaO, and MgO were recorded in the wavelength range 250-600 nm and the results were analyzed with the help of reference data. The work demonstrates that using characteristic optical emission, obtaining in situ chemical information from oscillating plasma of electric arc furnaces is indeed possible. In spite of complications, the method could possibly be applied to industrial scale steel making process in order to improve its efficiency.

  6. Multiplexed Oversampling Digitizer in 65 nm CMOS for Column-Parallel CCD Readout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grace, Carl; Walder, Jean-Pierre; von der Lippe, Henrik

    2012-04-10

    A digitizer designed to read out column-parallel charge-coupled devices (CCDs) used for high-speed X-ray imaging is presented. The digitizer is included as part of the High-Speed Image Preprocessor with Oversampling (HIPPO) integrated circuit. The digitizer module comprises a multiplexed, oversampling, 12-bit, 80 MS/s pipelined Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) and a bank of four fast-settling sample-and-hold amplifiers to instrument four analog channels. The ADC multiplexes and oversamples to reduce its area to allow integration that is pitch-matched to the columns of the CCD. Novel design techniques are used to enable oversampling and multiplexing with a reduced power penalty. The ADC exhibits 188 ?V-rms noise which is less than 1 LSB at a 12-bit level. The prototype is implemented in a commercially available 65 nm CMOS process. The digitizer will lead to a proof-of-principle 2D 10 Gigapixel/s X-ray detector.

  7. Nonlinear optical properties of bulk cuprous oxide using single beam Z-scan at 790?nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serna, J.; Rueda, E.; Garca, H.

    2014-11-10

    The two-photon absorption (TPA) coefficient ? and the nonlinear index of refraction n{sub 2} for bulk cuprous oxide (Cu{sub 2}O) direct gap semiconductor single crystal have been measured by using a balance-detection Z-scan single beam technique, with an excellent signal to noise ratio. Both coefficients were measured at 790?nm using a 65 fs laser pulse at a repetition rate of 90.9?MHz, generated by a Ti:Sapphire laser oscillator. The experimental values for ? were explained by using a model that includes allowed-allowed, forbidden-allowed, and forbidden-forbidden transitions. It was found that the forbidden-forbidden transition is the dominant mechanism, which is consistent with the band structure of Cu{sub 2}O. The low value for ? found in bulk, as compared with respect to thin film, is explained in terms of the structural change in thin films that result in opposite parities of the conduction and valence band. The n{sub 2} is also theoretically calculated by using the TPA dispersion curve and the Kramers-Kronig relations for nonlinear optics.

  8. NJ Regional Middle School Science Bowl | Princeton Plasma Physics...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    competition in Washington, D.C. The Science Bowl is a double elimination contest with oral question and answer rounds in the fields of chemistry, biology, physics, astronomy and...

  9. NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastructure

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  10. NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastructure

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

  11. NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastructure

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

  12. NJ Clean Energy- ENERGY STAR Appliance Rebate program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When mail-in rebates are active, as a general rule, all appliances must be ENERGY STAR rated; however, additional requirements may apply to different types of appliances. Rebate requests must...

  13. ERSUG Meeting: June 3-6, 1997 (Princeton, NJ)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3th T3E Training, Tuesday, June 3th PPPL, LOB, conf room B318 Time Topic 8:30 Take the hotel shuttle from Novotel to PPPL 9:00 - 10:15 Introduction ... Read More Minutes...

  14. Charge Transfer Fluorescence and 34 nm Exciton Diffusion Length in Polymers with Electron Acceptor End Traps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaikowski, L.; Mauro, G.; Bird, M.; Karten, B.; Asaoka, S.; Wu, Q.; Cook, A. R.; Miller, J.

    2014-12-22

    Photoexcitation of conjugated poly-2,7-(9,9-dihexylfluorene) polyfluorenes with naphthylimide (NI) and anthraquinone (AQ) electron-acceptor end traps produces excitons that form charge transfer states at the end traps. Intramolecular singlet exciton transport to end traps was examined by steady state fluorescence for polyfluorenes of 17 to 127 repeat units in chloroform, dimethylformamide (DMF), tetrahydrofuran (THF), and p-xylene. End traps capture excitons and form charge transfer (CT) states at all polymer lengths and in all solvents. The CT nature of the end-trapped states is confirmed by their fluorescence spectra, solvent and trap group dependence and DFT descriptions. Quantum yields of CT fluorescence are as large as 46%. This strong CT emission is understood in terms of intensity borrowing. Energies of the CT states from onsets of the fluorescence spectra give the depths of the traps which vary with solvent polarity. For NI end traps the trap depths are 0.06 (p-xylene), 0.13 (THF) and 0.19 eV (CHCl3). For AQ, CT fluorescence could be observed only in p-xylene where the trap depth is 0.27 eV. Quantum yields, emission energies, charge transfer energies, solvent reorganization and vibrational energies were calculated. Fluorescence measurements on chains >100 repeat units indicate that end traps capture ~50% of the excitons, and that the exciton diffusion length LD =34 nm, which is much larger than diffusion lengths reported in polymer films or than previously known for diffusion along isolated chains. The efficiency of exciton capture depends on chain length, but not on trap depth, solvent polarity or which trap group is present.

  15. Use of a dynamic simulation model to understand nitrogen cycling in the middle Rio Grande, NM.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meixner, Tom; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Oelsner, Gretchen; Brooks, Paul; Roach, Jesse D.

    2008-08-01

    Water quality often limits the potential uses of scarce water resources in semiarid and arid regions. To best manage water quality one must understand the sources and sinks of both solutes and water to the river system. Nutrient concentration patterns can identify source and sink locations, but cannot always determine biotic processes that affect nutrient concentrations. Modeling tools can provide insight into these large-scale processes. To address questions about large-scale nitrogen removal in the Middle Rio Grande, NM, we created a system dynamics nitrate model using an existing integrated surface water--groundwater model of the region to evaluate our conceptual models of uptake and denitrification as potential nitrate removal mechanisms. We modeled denitrification in groundwater as a first-order process dependent only on concentration and used a 5% denitrification rate. Uptake was assumed to be proportional to transpiration and was modeled as a percentage of the evapotranspiration calculated within the model multiplied by the nitrate concentration in the water being transpired. We modeled riparian uptake as 90% and agricultural uptake as 50% of the respective evapotranspiration rates. Using these removal rates, our model results suggest that riparian uptake, agricultural uptake and denitrification in groundwater are all needed to produce the observed nitrate concentrations in the groundwater, conveyance channels, and river as well as the seasonal concentration patterns. The model results indicate that a total of 497 metric tons of nitrate-N are removed from the Middle Rio Grande annually. Where river nitrate concentrations are low and there are no large nitrate sources, nitrate behaves nearly conservatively and riparian and agricultural uptake are the most important removal mechanisms. Downstream of a large wastewater nitrate source, denitrification and agricultural uptake were responsible for approximately 90% of the nitrogen removal.

  16. Development of process parameters for 22 nm PMOS using 2-D analytical modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maheran, A. H. Afifah; Menon, P. S.; Shaari, S.; Ahmad, I.; Faizah, Z. A. Noor

    2015-04-24

    The complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistor (CMOSFET) has become major challenge to scaling and integration. Innovation in transistor structures and integration of novel materials are necessary to sustain this performance trend. CMOS variability in the scaling technology becoming very important concern due to limitation of process control; over statistically variability related to the fundamental discreteness and materials. Minimizing the transistor variation through technology optimization and ensuring robust product functionality and performance is the major issue.In this article, the continuation study on process parameters variations is extended and delivered thoroughly in order to achieve a minimum leakage current (I{sub LEAK}) on PMOS planar transistor at 22?nm gate length. Several device parameters are varies significantly using Taguchi method to predict the optimum combination of process parameters fabrication. A combination of high permittivity material (high-k) and metal gate are utilized accordingly as gate structure where the materials include titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) and tungsten silicide (WSi{sub x}). Then the L9 of the Taguchi Orthogonal array is used to analyze the device simulation where the results of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of Smaller-the-Better (STB) scheme are studied through the percentage influences of the process parameters. This is to achieve a minimum I{sub LEAK} where the maximum predicted I{sub LEAK} value by International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) 2011 is said to should not above 100 nA/m. Final results shows that the compensation implantation dose acts as the dominant factor with 68.49% contribution in lowering the devices leakage current. The absolute process parameters combination results in I{sub LEAK} mean value of 3.96821 nA/m where is far lower than the predicted value.

  17. Charge transfer fluorescence and 34 nm exciton diffusion length in polymers with electron acceptor end traps

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zaikowski, Lori; Mauro, Gina; Bird, Matthew; Karten, Brianne; Asaoka, Sadayuki; Wu, Qin; Cook, Andrew R.; Miller, John R.

    2014-12-22

    Photoexcitation of conjugated poly-2,7-(9,9-dihexylfluorene) polyfluorenes with naphthylimide (NI) and anthraquinone (AQ) electron-acceptor end traps produces excitons that form charge transfer states at the end traps. Intramolecular singlet exciton transport to end traps was examined by steady state fluorescence for polyfluorenes of 17 to 127 repeat units in chloroform, dimethylformamide (DMF), tetrahydrofuran (THF), and p-xylene. End traps capture excitons and form charge transfer (CT) states at all polymer lengths and in all solvents. The CT nature of the end-trapped states is confirmed by their fluorescence spectra, solvent and trap group dependence and DFT descriptions. Quantum yields of CT fluorescence are asmore » large as 46%. This strong CT emission is understood in terms of intensity borrowing. Energies of the CT states from onsets of the fluorescence spectra give the depths of the traps which vary with solvent polarity. For NI end traps the trap depths are 0.06 (p-xylene), 0.13 (THF) and 0.19 eV (CHCl3). For AQ, CT fluorescence could be observed only in p-xylene where the trap depth is 0.27 eV. Quantum yields, emission energies, charge transfer energies, solvent reorganization and vibrational energies were calculated. Fluorescence measurements on chains >100 repeat units indicate that end traps capture ~50% of the excitons, and that the exciton diffusion length LD =34 nm, which is much larger than diffusion lengths reported in polymer films or than previously known for diffusion along isolated chains. As a result, the efficiency of exciton capture depends on chain length, but not on trap depth, solvent polarity or which trap group is present.« less

  18. Understanding the anomalous dispersion of doubly-ionized carbon plasmas near 47 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nilsen, J; Castor, J I; Iglesias, C A; Cheng, K T; Dunn, J; Johnson, W R; Filevich, J; Purvis, M A; Grava, J; Rocca, J J

    2008-04-15

    Over the last several years we have predicted and observed plasmas with an index of refraction greater than one in the soft X-ray regime. These plasmas are usually a few times ionized and have ranged from low-Z carbon plasmas to mid-Z tin plasmas. Our main calculational tool has been the average atom code. We have recently observed C{sup 2+} plasmas with an index of refraction greater than one at a wavelength of 46.9 nm (26.44 eV). In this paper we compare the average atom method, AVATOMKG, against two more detailed methods, OPAL and CAK, for calculating the index of refraction for the carbon plasmas and discuss the different approximations used. We present experimental measurements of carbon plasmas that display this anomalous dispersion phenomenon. It is shown that the average atom calculation is a good approximation when the strongest lines dominate the dispersion. However, when weaker lines make a significant contribution, the more detailed calculations such as OPAL and CAK are essential. During the next decade X-ray free electron lasers and other X-ray sources will be available to probe a wider variety of plasmas at higher densities and shorter wavelengths so understanding the index of refraction in plasmas will be even more essential. With the advent of tunable X-ray lasers the frequency dependent interferometer measurements of the index of refraction may enable us to determine the absorption coefficients and line-shapes and make detailed comparisons against our atomic physics codes.

  19. Modification of laminar flow ultrafine condensation particle counters for the enhanced detection of 1 nm condensation nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuang, C.; Chen, M.; McMurry, P. H.; Wang, J.

    2011-10-01

    This paper describes simple modifications to thermally diffusive laminar flow ultrafine condensation particle counters (UCPCs) that allow detection of {approx}1 nm condensation nuclei with much higher efficiencies than have been previously reported. These nondestructive modifications were applied to a commercial butanol based UCPC (TSI 3025A) and to a diethylene glycol-based UCPC (UMN DEG-UCPC). Size and charge dependent detection efficiencies using the modified UCPCs (BNL 3025A and BNL DEGUCPC) were measured with high resolution mobility classified aerosols composed of NaCl, W, molecular ion standards of tetraalkyl ammonium bromide, and neutralizer-generated ions. With negatively charged NaCl aerosol, the BNL 3025A and BNL DEGUCPC achieved detection efficiencies of 37% (90x increase over TSI 3025A) at 1.68 nm mobility diameter (1.39 nm geometric diameter) and 23% (8x increase over UMN DEG-UCPC) at 1.19 nm mobility diameter (0.89 nm geometric diameter), respectively. Operating conditions for both UCPCs were identified that allowed negatively charged NaCl and W particles, but not negative ions of exactly the same mobility size, to be efficiently detected. This serendipitous material dependence, which is not fundamentally understood, suggests that vapor condensation might sometimes allow for the discrimination between air 'ions' and charged 'particles.' As a detector in a scanning mobility particle spectrometer (SMPS), a UCPC with this strong material dependence would allow for more accurate measurements of sub-2 nm aerosol size distributions due to the reduced interference from neutralizer-generated ions and atmospheric ions, and provide increased sensitivity for the determination of nucleation rates and initial particle growth rates.

  20. Microsoft Word - PSEG Companies Comments in OE Docket No RRTT-IR-001.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    K. Richter Assistant General Regulatory Counsel Regulatory Department 80 Park Plaza, T5C, Newark, NJ 07102-4194 tel: 973.430.6451 fax: 973.802.1267 email: david.richter@pseg.com March 28, 2012 VIA ELECTRONIC FILING Lamont Jackson Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Mail Code OE-20 U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW. Washington, DC 20585 RE: DOE's Request for Information OE Docket No. RRTT-IR-001 Dear Mr. Jackson, Public Service Electric and Gas Company

  1. Laser diodes with 353 nm wavelength enabled by reduced-dislocation-density AlGaN templates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crawford, Mary H.; Allerman, Andrew A.; Armstrong, Andrew M.; Smith, Michael L.; Cross, Karen C.

    2015-10-30

    We fabricated optically pumped and electrically injected ultraviolet (UV) lasers on reduced-threading-dislocation-density (reduced-TDD) AlGaN templates. The overgrowth of sub-micron-wide mesas in the Al0.32Ga0.68N templates enabled a tenfold reduction in TDD, to (23) 108 cm2. Optical pumping of AlGaN hetero-structures grown on the reduced-TDD templates yielded a low lasing threshold of 34 kW/cm2 at 346 nm. Room-temperature pulsed operation of laser diodes at 353 nm was demonstrated, with a threshold of 22.5 kA/cm2. Furthermore, reduced-TDD templates have been developed across the entire range of AlGaN compositions, presenting a promising approach for extending laser diodes into the deep UV.

  2. Bose-Einstein condensate in a light-induced vector gauge potential using 1064-nm optical-dipole-trap lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu Zhengkun; Wang Pengjun; Chai Shijie; Huang Lianghui; Zhang Jing

    2011-10-15

    Using two crossed 1064-nm optical-dipole-trap lasers to be the Raman beams, an effective vector gauge potential for Bose-Einstein condensed {sup 87}Rb in the F=2 hyperfine ground state is experimentally created. The moderate strength of the Raman coupling still can be achieved when the detuning from atomic resonance is larger than the excited-state fine structure, since rubidium has 15 nm energy-level spitting. The atoms at the far detuning of the Raman coupling are loaded adiabatically into the dressed states by ramping the homogeneous bias magnetic field with different paths and the dressed states with different energies are studied experimentally. The experimental scheme can be easily extended to produce the synthetic magnetic or electric field by means of a spatial or time dependence of the effective vector potential.

  3. Laser diodes with 353 nm wavelength enabled by reduced-dislocation-density AlGaN templates

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Crawford, Mary H.; Allerman, Andrew A.; Armstrong, Andrew M.; Smith, Michael L.; Cross, Karen C.

    2015-10-30

    We fabricated optically pumped and electrically injected ultraviolet (UV) lasers on reduced-threading-dislocation-density (reduced-TDD) AlGaN templates. The overgrowth of sub-micron-wide mesas in the Al0.32Ga0.68N templates enabled a tenfold reduction in TDD, to (2–3) × 108 cm–2. Optical pumping of AlGaN hetero-structures grown on the reduced-TDD templates yielded a low lasing threshold of 34 kW/cm2 at 346 nm. Room-temperature pulsed operation of laser diodes at 353 nm was demonstrated, with a threshold of 22.5 kA/cm2. Furthermore, reduced-TDD templates have been developed across the entire range of AlGaN compositions, presenting a promising approach for extending laser diodes into the deep UV.

  4. Sub-5 nm Domains in Ordered Poly(cyclohexylethylene)-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) Block Polymers for Lithography.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennemur, Justin; Yao, Li; Bates, Frank Stephen; Hillmyer, Marc

    2014-01-01

    A series of poly(cyclohexylethylene)-block-poly- (methyl methacrylate) (PCHE PMMA) diblock copolymers with varying molar mass (4.9 kg/mol Mn 30.6 kg/mol) and narrow molar mass distribution were synthesized through a combination of anionic and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) techniques. Heterogeneous catalytic hydrogenation of -(hydroxy)polystyrene (PS-OH) yielded -(hydroxy)poly(cyclohexylethylene) (PCHEOH) with little loss of hydroxyl functionality. PCHE-OH was reacted with -bromoisobutyryl bromide (BiBB) to produce an ATRP macroinitiator used for the polymerization of methyl methacrylate. PCHE PMMA is a glassy, thermally stable material with a large effective segment segment interaction parameter, eff = (144.4 6.2)/T (0.162 0.013), determined by meanfield analysis of order-to-disorder transition temperatures (TODT) measured by dynamic mechanical analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. Ordered lamellar domain pitches (9 D 33 nm) were identified by small-angle X-ray scattering from neat BCPs containing 43 52 vol % PCHE ( f PCHE). Atomic force microscopy was used to show 7.5 nm lamellar features (D = 14.8 nm) which are some of the smallest observed to date. The lowest molar mass sample (Mn = 4.9 kg/mol, f PCHE = 0.46) is characterized by TODT = 173 3 C and sub-5 nm nanodomains, which together with the sacrificial properties of PMMA and the high overall thermal stability place this material at the forefront of high- systems for advanced nanopatterning applications.

  5. Note: Deep ultraviolet Raman spectrograph with the laser excitation line down to 177.3 nm and its application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Shaoqing; University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 ; Fan, Fengtao; Guo, Meiling; Zhang, Ying; Feng, Zhaochi E-mail: canli@dicp.ac.cn; Li, Can E-mail: canli@dicp.ac.cn

    2014-04-15

    Deep UV Raman spectrograph with the laser excitation line down to 177.3 nm was developed in this laboratory. An ellipsoidal mirror and a dispersed-subtractive triple monochromator were used to collect and disperse Raman light, respectively. The triple monochromator was arranged in a triangular configuration with only six mirrors used. 177.3 nm laser excited Raman spectrum with cut-off wavenumber down to 200 cm{sup ?1} and spectral resolution of 8.0 cm{sup ?1} can be obtained under the condition of high purity N{sub 2} purging. With the CC ? bond in Teflon selectively excited by the 177.3 nm laser, resonance Raman spectrum of Teflon with good quality was recorded on the home-built instrument and the ?-?{sup *} transition of CC bond was studied. The result demonstrates that deep UV Raman spectrograph is powerful for studying the systems with electronic transition located in the deep UV region.

  6. Intense {ital J}=0{endash}1 soft-x-ray lasing at 28.5 nm in neonlike chromium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Praeg, A.R.; Loewenthal, F.; Balmer, J.E.

    1996-11-01

    Intense 3{ital p}-3{ital s}, {ital J}=0{endash}1 soft-x-ray lasing at 28.5 nm in neonlike chromium has been observed experimentally using a compact Nd:glass laser as the driver. 2.4-cm-long polished chromium slab targets were irradiated with up to 100-J/500-ps pulses at the fundamental wavelength of 1.054 {mu}m. The prepulse technique was applied using a defined prepulse 5 ns before the main pulse and with a prepulse-to-main pulse energy ratio of 0.7{percent}. It is demonstrated that a pump energy of {approximately}80 J, corresponding to a pump irradiance of approximately 9 TW/cm{sup 2} is sufficient to observe soft-x-ray lasing at 28.5 nm. At a drive laser energy of {approximately}90 J a gain coefficient of (2.2{plus_minus}0.5) cm{sup {minus}1} was measured. The one-dimensional space-resolved measurements show that the 28.5-nm laser line is emitted from a 60-{mu}m-wide (full width at half maximum) plasma region. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  7. The effect of layout topology on single-event transient pulse quenching in a 65 nm bulk CMOS process.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, D. R.; Ahlbin, Jonathan R.; Gadlage, Matthew J.; Massengill, Lloyd W.; Witulski, A. W.; Reed, R. A.; Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Bhuva, Bharat L.

    2010-07-01

    Heavy-ion microbeam and broadbeam data are presented for a 65 nm bulk CMOS process showing the existence of pulse quenching at normal and angular incidence for designs where the pMOS transistors are in common n-wells or isolated in separate n-wells. Experimental data and simulations show that pulse quenching is more prevalent in the common n-well design than the separate n-well design, leading to significantly reduced SET pulsewidths and SET cross-section in the common n-well design.

  8. DOE Zero Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Most DOE Energy Ready Homes Built, Albuquerque, NM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Most DOE Zero Energy Ready Homes Built Albuquerque, NM DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are

  9. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Via del Cielo, Santa Fe, NM

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Via del Cielo Santa Fe, NM DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Advanced technologies are designed in to give you

  10. Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ewsuk, Kevin G. (Albuquerque, NM); Arguello, Jr., Jose G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2006-01-31

    A method of designing a primary geometry, such as for a forming die, to be used in a powder pressing application by using a combination of axisymmetric geometric shapes, transition radii, and transition spaces to simulate the geometry where the shapes can be selected from a predetermined list or menu of axisymmetric shapes and then developing a finite element mesh to represent the geometry. This mesh, along with material properties of the component to be designed and powder, is input to a standard deformation finite element code to evaluate the deformation characteristics of the component being designed. The user can develop the geometry interactively with a computer interface in minutes and execute a complete analysis of the deformation characteristics of the simulated component geometry.

  11. Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diver, Richard B. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-02-23

    A Theoretical Overlay Photographic (TOP) alignment method uses the overlay of a theoretical projected image of a perfectly aligned concentrator on a photographic image of the concentrator to align the mirror facets of a parabolic trough solar concentrator. The alignment method is practical and straightforward, and inherently aligns the mirror facets to the receiver. When integrated with clinometer measurements for which gravity and mechanical drag effects have been accounted for and which are made in a manner and location consistent with the alignment method, all of the mirrors on a common drive can be aligned and optimized for any concentrator orientation.

  12. ZERH Training: Albuquerque, NM

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home is a high performance home which is so energy efficient, that a renewable energy system can offset all or most of its annual energy Consumption.US DOE Zero Energy...

  13. Frequency stabilization of a 1083 nm fiber laser to {sup 4}He transition lines with optical heterodyne saturation spectroscopies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gong, W.; Peng, X. Li, W.; Guo, H.

    2014-07-15

    Two kinds of optical heterodyne saturation spectroscopies, namely, frequency modulation spectroscopy (FMS) and modulation transfer spectroscopy (MTS), are demonstrated for locking a fiber laser to the transition lines of metastable {sup 4}He atoms around 1083 nm. The servo-loop error signals of FMS and MTS for stabilizing laser frequency are optimized by studying the dependence of the peak-to-peak amplitude and slope on the optical power of pump and probe beams. A comparison of the stabilization performances of FMS/MTS and polarization spectroscopy (PS) is presented, which shows that MTS exhibits relatively superior performance with the least laser frequency fluctuation due to its flat-background dispersive signal, originated from the four-wave mixing process. The Allan deviation of the stabilized laser frequency is 5.4 10{sup ?12}@100 s with MTS for data acquired in 1000 s, which is sufficiently applicable for fields like laser cooling, optical pumping, and optical magnetometry.

  14. Viability of Cladosporium herbarum spores under 157 nm laser and vacuum ultraviolet irradiation, low temperature (10 K) and vacuum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarantopoulou, E. Stefi, A.; Kollia, Z.; Palles, D.; Cefalas, A. C.; Petrou, P. S.; Bourkoula, A.; Koukouvinos, G.; Kakabakos, S.; Velentzas, A. D.

    2014-09-14

    Ultraviolet photons can damage microorganisms, which rarely survive prolonged irradiation. In addition to the need for intact DNA, cell viability is directly linked to the functionality of the cell wall and membrane. In this work, Cladosporium herbarum spore monolayers exhibit high viability (7%) when exposed to 157 nm laser irradiation (412 kJm?) or vacuum-ultraviolet irradiation (110180 nm) under standard pressure and temperature in a nitrogen atmosphere. Spore viability can be determined by atomic-force microscopy, nano-indentation, mass, ?-Raman and attenuated reflectance Fourier-transform far-infrared spectroscopies and DNA electrophoresis. Vacuum ultraviolet photons cause molecular damage to the cell wall, but radiation resistance in spores arises from the activation of a photon-triggered signaling reaction, expressed via the exudation of intracellular substances, which, in combination with the low penetration depth of vacuum-ultraviolet photons, shields DNA from radiation. Resistance to phototoxicity under standard conditions was assessed, as was resistance to additional environmental stresses, including exposure in a vacuum, under different rates of change of pressure during pumping time and low (10 K) temperatures. Vacuum conditions were far more destructive to spores than vacuum-ultraviolet irradiation, and UV-B photons were two orders of magnitude more damaging than vacuum-ultraviolet photons. The viability of irradiated spores was also enhanced at 10 K. This work, in addition to contributing to the photonic control of the viability of microorganisms exposed under extreme conditions, including decontamination of biological warfare agents, outlines the basis for identifying bio-signaling in vivo using physical methodologies.

  15. Uniform 2 nm gold nanoparticles supported on iron oxides as active catalysts for CO oxidation reaction: Structure-activity relationship

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Guo, Yu; Senanayake, Sanjaya; Gu, Dong; Jin, Zhao; Du, Pei -Pei; Si, Rui; Xu, Wen -Qian; Huang, Yu -Ying; Tao, Jing; Song, Qi -Sheng; et al

    2015-01-12

    Uniform Au nanoparticles (~2 nm) with narrow size-distribution (standard deviation: 0.5–0.6 nm) supported on both hydroxylated (Fe_OH) and dehydrated iron oxide (Fe_O) have been prepared by either deposition-precipitation (DP) or colloidal-deposition (CD) methods. Different structural and textural characterizations were applied to the dried, calcined and used gold-iron oxide samples. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM (HRTEM) described the high homogeneity in the supported Au nanoparticles. The ex-situ and in-situ X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) characterization monitored the electronic and short-range local structure of active gold species. The synchrotron-based in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD), together with the corresponding temperature-programmed reductionmore » by hydrogen (H₂-TPR), indicated a structural evolution of the iron-oxide supports, correlating to their reducibility. An inverse order of catalytic activity between DP (Au/Fe_OH < Au/Fe_O) and CD (Au/Fe_OH > Au/Fe_O) was observed. Effective gold-support interaction results in a high activity for gold nanoparticles, locally generated by the sintering of dispersed Au atoms on the oxide support in the DP synthesis, while a hydroxylated surface favors the reactivity of externally introduced Au nanoparticles on Fe_OH support for the CD approach. This work reveals why differences in the synthetic protocol translate to differences in the catalytic performance of Au/FeOx catalysts with very similar structural characteristics in CO oxidation.« less

  16. Method to grow carbon thin films consisting entirely of diamond grains 3-5 nm in size and high-energy grain boundaries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carlisle, John A.; Auciello, Orlando; Birrell, James

    2006-10-31

    An ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) having an average grain size between 3 and 5 nanometers (nm) with not more than about 8% by volume diamond having an average grain size larger than 10 nm. A method of manufacturing UNCD film is also disclosed in which a vapor of acetylene and hydrogen in an inert gas other than He wherein the volume ratio of acetylene to hydrogen is greater than 0.35 and less than 0.85, with the balance being an inert gas, is subjected to a suitable amount of energy to fragment at least some of the acetylene to form a UNCD film having an average grain size of 3 to 5 nm with not more than about 8% by volume diamond having an average grain size larger than 10 nm.

  17. Multi-step ion beam etching of sub-30 nm magnetic tunnel junctions for reducing leakage and MgO barrier damage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chun, Sung-woo; Kim, Daehong; Kwon, Jihun; Kim, Bongho; Choi, Seonjun; Lee, Seung-Beck

    2012-04-01

    We have demonstrated the fabrication of sub 30 nm magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The multi-step ion beam etching (IBE) process performed for 18 min between 45 deg. and 30 deg. , at 500 V combined ion supply voltage, resulted in a 55 nm tall MTJ with 28 nm diameter. We used a negative tone electron beam resist as the hard mask, which maintained its lateral dimension during the IBE, allowing almost vertical pillar side profiles. The measurement results showed a tunnel magneto-resistance ratio of 13% at 1 k{Omega} junction resistance. With further optimization in IBE energy and multi-step etching process, it will be possible to fabricate perpendicularly oriented MTJs for future sub 30 nm non-volatile magnetic memory applications.

  18. O({sup 3}P{sub J}) formation and desorption by 157-nm photoirradiation of amorphous solid water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeSimone, Alice J.; Orlando, Thomas M.

    2014-03-07

    Photodissociation of amorphous solid water (ASW) deposited on a thinly oxidized copper substrate at 82 K was studied by measuring O({sup 3}P{sub J=2,1,0}) photoproducts detected with resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization. For each spin-orbit state, the oxygen atom time-of-flight spectrum was measured as a function of H{sub 2}O exposure, which is related to ice thickness, and 157-nm irradiation time. Four Maxwell-Boltzmann distributions with translational temperatures of 10?000 K, 1800 K, 400 K, and 82 K were found to fit the data. The most likely formation mechanisms are molecular elimination following ionization of water and ion-electron recombination, secondary recombination of hydroxyl radicals, and photodissociation of adsorbed hydroxyl radicals. Evidence for O-atom diffusion through bulk ASW was found for H{sub 2}O exposures of at least 5 Langmuir (1 L = 10{sup ?6} Torr?s). The cross sections for O({sup 3}P{sub 2}) depletion were 1.3 10{sup ?19} and 6.5 10{sup ?20} cm{sup 2} for 1 and 5 L, respectively.

  19. THE EVOLUTION OF SOLAR FLUX FROM 0.1 nm TO 160 {mu}m: QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATES FOR PLANETARY STUDIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Claire, Mark W.; Sheets, John; Meadows, Victoria S.; Cohen, Martin; Ribas, Ignasi; Catling, David C.

    2012-09-20

    Understanding changes in the solar flux over geologic time is vital for understanding the evolution of planetary atmospheres because it affects atmospheric escape and chemistry, as well as climate. We describe a numerical parameterization for wavelength-dependent changes to the non-attenuated solar flux appropriate for most times and places in the solar system. We combine data from the Sun and solar analogs to estimate enhanced UV and X-ray fluxes for the young Sun and use standard solar models to estimate changing visible and infrared fluxes. The parameterization, a series of multipliers relative to the modern top of the atmosphere flux at Earth, is valid from 0.1 nm through the infrared, and from 0.6 Gyr through 6.7 Gyr, and is extended from the solar zero-age main sequence to 8.0 Gyr subject to additional uncertainties. The parameterization is applied to a representative modern day flux, providing quantitative estimates of the wavelength dependence of solar flux for paleodates relevant to the evolution of atmospheres in the solar system (or around other G-type stars). We validate the code by Monte Carlo analysis of uncertainties in stellar age and flux, and with comparisons to the solar proxies {kappa}{sup 1} Cet and EK Dra. The model is applied to the computation of photolysis rates on the Archean Earth.

  20. Phase diagram and transformations of iron pentacarbonyl to nm layered hematite and carbon-oxygen polymer under pressure

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ryu, Young Jay; Kim, Minseob; Yoo, Choong -Shik

    2015-10-12

    In this study, we present the phase diagram of Fe(CO)5, consisting of three molecular polymorphs (phase I, II and III) and an extended polymeric phase that can be recovered at ambient condition. The phase diagram indicates a limited stability of Fe(CO)5 within a pressure-temperature dome formed below the liquid- phase II- polymer triple point at 4.2 GPa and 580 K. The limited stability, in turn, signifies the temperature-induced weakening of Fe-CO back bonds, which eventually leads to the dissociation of Fe-CO at the onset of the polymerization of CO. The recovered polymer is a composite of novel nm-lamellar layers ofmore » crystalline hematite Fe2O3 and amorphous carbon-oxygen polymers. These results, therefore, demonstrate the synthesis of carbon-oxygen polymer by compressing Fe(CO)5, which advocates a novel synthetic route to develop atomistic composite materials by compressing organometallic compounds.« less

  1. Translational and internal energy distributions of methyl and hydroxyl radicals produced by 157 nm photodissociation of amorphous solid methanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hama, Tetsuya; Yokoyama, Masaaki; Yabushita, Akihiro; Kawasaki, Masahiro; Wickramasinghe, Piyumie; Guo Wei; Loock, Hans-Peter; Ashfold, Michael N. R.; Western, Colin M.

    2009-12-14

    Methanol is typically observed within water-rich interstellar ices and is a source of interstellar organic species. Following the 157 nm photoexcitation of solid methanol at 90 K, desorbed CH{sub 3}(v=0) and OH(v=0,1) radicals have been observed in situ, near the solid surface, using resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) detection methods. Time-of-flight and rotationally resolved REMPI spectra of the desorbed species were measured, and the respective fragment internal energy and kinetic energy distributions were obtained. Photoproduction mechanisms for CH{sub 3} and OH radicals from solid methanol are discussed. The formation of O({sup 1}D and {sup 3}P) atoms and H{sub 2}O was investigated, but the yield of these species was found to be negligible. CH{sub 3} products arising following the photoexcitation of water-methanol mixed ice showed similar kinetic and internal energy distributions to those from neat methanol ice.

  2. Experimental investigation of factors limiting slow axis beam quality in 9xx nm high power broad area diode lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winterfeldt, M. Crump, P.; Wenzel, H.; Erbert, G.; Trnkle, G.

    2014-08-14

    GaAs-based broad-area diode lasers are needed with improved lateral beam parameter product (BPP{sub lat}) at high power. An experimental study of the factors limiting BPP{sub lat} is therefore presented, using extreme double-asymmetric (EDAS) vertical structures emitting at 910?nm. Continuous wave, pulsed and polarization-resolved measurements are presented and compared to thermal simulation. The importance of thermal and packaging-induced effects is determined by comparing junction -up and -down devices. Process factors are clarified by comparing diodes with and without index-guiding trenches. We show that in all cases studied, BPP{sub lat} is limited by a non-thermal BPP ground-level and a thermal BPP, which depends linearly on self-heating. Measurements as a function of pulse width confirm that self-heating rather than bias-level dominates. Diodes without trenches show low BPP ground-level, and a thermal BPP which depends strongly on mounting, due to changes in the temperature profile. The additional lateral guiding in diodes with trenches strongly increases the BPP ground-level, but optically isolates the stripe from the device edges, suppressing the influence of the thermal profile, leading to a BPP-slope that is low and independent of mounting. Trenches are also shown to initiate strain fields that cause parasitic TM-polarized emission with large BPP{sub lat}, whose influence on total BPP{sub lat} remains small, provided the overall polarization purity is >95%.

  3. Sub-10 nm Platinum Nanocrystals with Size and Shape Control: Catalytic Study for Ethylene and Pyrrole Hydrogenation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsung, Chia-Kuang; Kuhn, John N.; Huang, Wenyu; Aliaga, Cesar; Hung, Ling-I; Somorjai, Gabor A.; Yang, Peidong

    2009-03-02

    Platinum nanocubes and nanopolyhedra with tunable size from 5 to 9 nm were synthesized by controlling the reducing rate of metal precursor ions in a one-pot polyol synthesis. A two-stage process is proposed for the simultaneous control of size and shape. In the first stage, the oxidation state of the metal ion precursors determined the nucleation rate and consequently the number of nuclei. The reaction temperature controlled the shape in the second stage by regulation of the growth kinetics. These well-defined nanocrystals were loaded into MCF-17 mesoporous silica for examination of catalytic properties. Pt loadings and dispersions of the supported catalysts were determined by elemental analysis (ICP-MS) and H2 chemisorption isotherms, respectively. Ethylene hydrogenation rates over the Pt nanocrystals were independent of both size and shape and comparable to Pt single crystals. For pyrrole hydrogenation, the nanocubes enhanced ring-opening ability and thus showed a higher selectivity to n-butylamine as compared to nanopolyhedra.

  4. Towards Next Generation TATB-based Explosives by Understanding Voids and Microstructure from 10 nm to 1 cm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willey, T M; Overturf, G

    2009-03-26

    TATB-based explosives have been investigated on length scales spanning several orders of magnitude, from just under 10 nm to larger than 1 cm. This has been accomplished using a combination of ultra-small angle x-ray scattering (USAXS), ultra-small angle neutron scattering (USANS), and x-ray computed tomography (XRCT). USAXS determines distributions the smallest structures including hot-spot voids from hundreds of nanometers to a few microns, USANS extends this range to about 10 microns, and two variants of XRCT cover sizes from microns to centimeters. Several examples are presented for LX-17, a triaminotrinitrobenzene based plastic bonded explosive using Kel-F 800. As an extension of previous USAXS results, in these proceedings, an alternate binder results in a more uniform microstructure for the PBX, useful towards design of next-generation TATB-based explosives. These data are an important step to understanding microstructural mechanisms that affect the mechanical properties of TATB-based explosives, and provide complete a comprehensive characterization of the structure of LX-17 from nanometers to centimeters that can be used as empirical input to computational models of detonation, and in determining the relationship between voids and microstructure to detonation properties.

  5. Mathematical simulation of the amplification of 1790-nm laser radiation in a nuclear-excited He Ar plasma containing nanoclusters of uranium compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosarev, V A; Kuznetsova, E E

    2014-02-28

    The possibility of applying dusty active media in nuclearpumped lasers has been considered. The amplification of 1790-nm radiation in a nuclear-excited dusty He Ar plasma is studied by mathematical simulation. The influence of nanoclusters on the component composition of the medium and the kinetics of the processes occurring in it is analysed using a specially developed kinetic model, including 72 components and more than 400 reactions. An analysis of the results indicates that amplification can in principle be implemented in an active laser He Ar medium containing 10-nm nanoclusters of metallic uranium and uranium dioxide. (lasers)

  6. Suppression of roll-off characteristics of organic light-emitting diodes by narrowing current injection/transport area to 50?nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayashi, Kyohei Inoue, Munetomo; Yoshida, Kou; Nakanotani, Hajime; Mikhnenko, Oleksandr; Nguyen, Thuc-Quyen E-mail: adachi@cstf.kyushu-u.ac.jp; Adachi, Chihaya E-mail: adachi@cstf.kyushu-u.ac.jp

    2015-03-02

    Using e-beam nanolithography, the current injection/transport area in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) was confined into a narrow linear structure with a minimum width of 50?nm. This caused suppression of Joule heating and partial separation of polarons and excitons, so the charge density where the electroluminescent efficiency decays to the half of the initial value (J{sub 0}) was significantly improved. A device with a narrow current injection width of 50?nm exhibited a J{sub 0} that was almost two orders of magnitude higher compared with that of the unpatterned OLED.

  7. Exceptional activity of sub-nm Pt clusters on CdS for photocatalytic hydrogen production: A combined of experimental and first-principles study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Qiyuan; Su, Dong; Xiong, Shangmin; Shen, Peichuan; Zhao, Shen; Li, Yan; Orlov, Alexander

    2014-12-24

    In this work we have explored a new concept of substantially increasing photocatalytic activity for H? production of conventional semiconductors by modifying them with sub-nm Pt particles. By combining both experimental and theoretical approaches, we have also developed new mechanistic insights into the 17 times increase in photocatalytic activity of Pt modified CdS catalysts.

  8. Synthesis and characterization of 10?nm thick piezoelectric AlN films with high c-axis orientation for miniaturized nanoelectromechanical devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaghloul, Usama; Piazza, Gianluca

    2014-06-23

    The scaling of piezoelectric nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) is challenged by the synthesis of ultrathin and high quality piezoelectric films on very thin electrodes. We report the synthesis and characterization of the thinnest piezoelectric aluminum nitride (AlN) films (10?nm) ever deposited on ultrathin platinum layers (25?nm) using reactive sputtering. X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and fast Fourier transform analyses confirmed the proper crystal orientation, fine columnar texture, and the continuous lattice structure within individual grains in the deposited AlN nanometer thick films. The average extracted d{sub 31} piezoelectric coefficient for the synthesized films is ?1.73 pC/N, which is comparable to the reported values for micron thick and highly c-axis oriented AlN films. The 10?nm AlN films were employed to demonstrate two different types of optimized piezoelectric nanoactuators. The unimorph actuators exhibit vertical displacements as large as 1.1??m at 0.7?V for 25??m long and 30?nm thick beams. These results have a great potential to realize miniaturized NEMS relays with extremely low voltage, high frequency resonators, and ultrasensitive sensors.

  9. Exceptional activity of sub-nm Pt clusters on CdS for photocatalytic hydrogen production: A combined of experimental and first-principles study

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wu, Qiyuan; Su, Dong; Xiong, Shangmin; Shen, Peichuan; Zhao, Shen; Li, Yan; Orlov, Alexander

    2014-12-24

    In this work we have explored a new concept of substantially increasing photocatalytic activity for H₂ production of conventional semiconductors by modifying them with sub-nm Pt particles. By combining both experimental and theoretical approaches, we have also developed new mechanistic insights into the 17 times increase in photocatalytic activity of Pt modified CdS catalysts.

  10. Near-resonance enhanced O2 detection for dual-broadband pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with an ultraviolet-visible setup at 266 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schenk, Martin; Seeger, Thomas; Leipertz, Alfred

    2005-07-01

    Broadband and dual-broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) are widely established tools for nonintrusive gas diagnostics. Up to now the investigations have been mainly performed for electronic nonresonant conditions of the gas species of interest. We report on the enhancement of the O2-N2 detection limit of dual-broadband pure rotational CARS by shifting the wavelength of the narrowband pump laser from the commonly used 532-266 nm. This enhancement is caused when the Schumann-Runge absorption band is approached near 176 nm. The principal concept of this experiment, i.e., covering the Raman resonance with a single- or dual-broadband combination of lasers in the visible range and moving only the narrowband probe laser near or directly into electronic resonant conditions in the UV range, should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of minority species. To quantify the enhancement in O2 sensitivity, comparative measurements at both a 266 and a 532 nm narrowband pump laser wavelength are presented, employing a 4-dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethylaminostyryl)-4H-pyram (DCM) dye laser as a broadband laser source at 635 nm. An increase of approximately 13% in the ratio of the rotational CARS cross sections of O2 and N2 was obtained. The broad spectral width of the CARS excitation profile was approximately equal for both setups. Further enhancement should be achievable by shifting the narrowband pump laser closer toward 176 nm, for example, with a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator or an excimer laser. The principal concept of this experiment should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects of the narrowband pump laser with electronic transitions of minority species for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of those species.

  11. Linear and nonlinear transmission of Fe{sup 2+}-doped ZnSe crystals at a wavelength of 2940 nm in the temperature range 20220 C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Il'ichev, N N; Pashinin, P P; Gulyamova, E S; Bufetova, G A; Shapkin, P V; Nasibov, A S

    2014-03-28

    The linear and nonlinear transmission of Fe{sup 2+}:ZnSe crystals is measured at a wavelength of 2940 nm in the temperature range 20 220 C. It is found that, with increasing temperature from 20 C to 150 220 C, the transmission of Fe{sup 2+}:ZnSe crystals decreases in the case of incident radiation with an intensity of ?5.5 MW cm{sup -2} and increases in the case of radiation with an intensity of 28 kW cm{sup -2}. At a temperature of 220 C, the linear transmission almost coincides with the nonlinear transmission. The transmission spectra of Fe{sup 2+}:ZnSe crystals at temperatures of 22 and 220 C in the wavelength range 500 7000 nm are presented. (active media)

  12. 1.9 W continuous-wave single transverse mode emission from 1060?nm edge-emitting lasers with vertically extended lasing area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miah, M. J. Posilovic, K.; Kalosha, V. P.; Rosales, R.; Bimberg, D.; Kettler, T.; Skoczowsky, D.; Pohl, J.; Weyers, M.

    2014-10-13

    High-brightness edge-emitting semiconductor lasers having a vertically extended waveguide structure emitting in the 1060?nm range are investigated. Ridge waveguide (RW) lasers with 9??m stripe width and 2.64?mm cavity length yield highest to date single transverse mode output power for RW lasers in the 1060?nm range. The lasers provide 1.9 W single transverse mode optical power under continuous-wave (cw) operation with narrow beam divergences of 9 in lateral and 14 (full width at half maximum) in vertical direction. The beam quality factor M{sup 2} is less than 1.9 up to 1.9 W optical power. A maximum brightness of 72 MWcm{sup ?2}sr{sup ?1} is obtained. 100??m wide and 3?mm long unpassivated broad area lasers provide more than 9 W optical power in cw operation.

  13. Optimized Bose-Einstein-condensate production in a dipole trap based on a 1070-nm multifrequency laser: Influence of enhanced two-body loss on the evaporation process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lauber, T.; Kueber, J.; Wille, O.; Birkl, G.

    2011-10-15

    We present an optimized strategy for the production of tightly confined Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) of {sup 87}Rb in a crossed dipole trap with direct loading from a magneto-optical trap. The dipole trap is created with light of a multifrequency fiber laser with a center wavelength of 1070 nm. Evaporative cooling is performed by ramping down the laser power only. A comparison of the resulting atom number in an almost pure BEC to the initial atom number and the value for the gain in phase space density per atom lost confirm that this straightforward strategy is very efficient. We observe that the temporal characteristics of evaporation sequence are strongly influenced by power-dependent two-body losses resulting from enhanced optical pumping to the higher-energy hyperfine state. We characterize these losses and compare them to results obtained with a single-frequency laser at 1030 nm.

  14. High-Resolution PFPE-based Molding Techniques for Nanofabrication of High-Pattern Density, Sub-20 nm Features: A Fundamental Materials Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Stuart S.; Retterer, Scott; Lopez, Rene; Ruiz, Ricardo; Samulski, Edward T.; DeSimone, Joseph M.

    2010-04-14

    Several perfluoropolyether (PFPE)-based elastomers for high-resolution replica molding applications are explored. The modulus of the elastomeric materials was increased through synthetic and additive approaches while maintaining relatively low surface tension values (<25 mN/m). Using large area (>4 in.{sup 2}) master templates, we experimentally show the relationship between mold resolution and material properties such as modulus and surface tension for materials used in this study. A composite mold approach was used to form flexible molds out of stiff, high modulus materials that allow for replication of sub-20 nm post structures. Sub-100 nm line grating master templates, formed using e-beam lithography, were used to determine the experimental stability of the molding materials. It was observed that as the feature spacing decreased, high modulus PFPE tetramethacrylate (TMA) composite molds were able to effectively replicate the nanograting structures without cracking or tear-out defects that typically occur with high modulus elastomers.

  15. Simultaneous near-field and far-field imaging of the 11.9-nm Ni-like Sn soft-x-ray laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staub, F.; Braud, M.; Balmer, J.E.; Nilsen, J.; Bajt, S.

    2004-07-01

    We report on two-dimensional near-field imaging experiments of the 11.9-nm Sn x-ray laser that were performed with a set of Mo/Y multilayer mirrors having reflectivities of up to {approx}45% at normal and at 45 deg. incidence. Second-moment analysis of the x-ray laser emission was used to determine values of the x-ray beam propagation factor M{sup 2} for a range of irradiation parameters. The results reveal a reduction of M{sup 2} with increasing prepulse amplitude. The spatial size of the output is a factor of {approx}2 smaller than previously measured for the 14.7-nm Pd x-ray laser, while the distance of the x-ray emission with respect to the target surface remains roughly the same.

  16. Comparison of 20 nm silver nanoparticles synthesized with and without a gold core. Structure, dissolution in cell culture media, and biological impact on macrophages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munusamy, Prabhakaran; Wang, Chongmin; Engelhard, Mark H.; Baer, Donald R.; Smith, Jordan N.; Liu, Chongxuan; Kodali, Vamsi K.; Thrall, Brian D.; Chen, Shu; Porter, Alexandra E.; Ryan, Mary P.

    2015-07-15

    Widespread use of silver nanoparticles raises questions of environmental impact and toxicity. Both silver particles and silver ions formed by particle dissolution may impact biological systems. Therefore it is important to understand the characteristics of silver nanoparticles and their stability in relevant media. The synthesis route can impact physical and chemical characteristics of the particles and we report the characterization and solution stability of three types of silver nanoparticles (20 nm particles with and without gold cores and 110 nm particles with gold cores) in cell culture media with serum proteins: FBS10%/RPMI. These nanoparticles were synthesized in aqueous solution and characterized using both in situ and ex situ analysis methods. Dissolution studies were carried at particle concentrations from 1 g/ml to 50 g/ml. Particles with gold cores had smaller crystallite size and higher apparent solubility than pure silver particles. A dissolution model was found to describe the time variation of particle size and amount of dissolved silver for particle loadings above 9 g/ml. An effective solubility product obtained from fitting the data was higher for the 20 nm gold core particles in comparison to the pure silver or 110 nm particles. Dissolution of the nanoparticles was enhanced by presence of serum proteins contained in fetal bovine serum. In addition, the protocol of the dispersion in the medium was found to influence particle agglomeration and dissolution. Results show that particle structure can impact the concentration of dissolved silver and the dose to which cells would be exposed during in vitro studies.

  17. MaRIE 1.0: A briefing to Katherine Richardson-McDaniel, Staff Member for U. S. Senator Martin Heinrich (D-NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnes, Cris William

    2015-02-24

    At the request of Katherine Richardson-McDaniel, Staff Member to U.S. Senator Martin Heinrich (D-NM), a high-level briefing was requested about MaRIE 1.0, the Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes effort at Los Alamos National Laboratory. What it would be, the mission need motivation, the scientific challenge, and the current favorable impact on both programs and people are shown in viewgraph form.

  18. Comparison of 20 nm silver nanoparticles synthesized with and without a gold core. Structure, dissolution in cell culture media, and biological impact on macrophages

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Munusamy, Prabhakaran; Wang, Chongmin; Engelhard, Mark H.; Baer, Donald R.; Smith, Jordan N.; Liu, Chongxuan; Kodali, Vamsi K.; Thrall, Brian D.; Chen, Shu; Porter, Alexandra E.; et al

    2015-07-15

    Widespread use of silver nanoparticles raises questions of environmental impact and toxicity. Both silver particles and silver ions formed by particle dissolution may impact biological systems. Therefore it is important to understand the characteristics of silver nanoparticles and their stability in relevant media. The synthesis route can impact physical and chemical characteristics of the particles and we report the characterization and solution stability of three types of silver nanoparticles (20 nm particles with and without gold cores and 110 nm particles with gold cores) in cell culture media with serum proteins: FBS10%/RPMI. These nanoparticles were synthesized in aqueous solution andmore » characterized using both in situ and ex situ analysis methods. Dissolution studies were carried at particle concentrations from 1 µg/ml to 50 µg/ml. Particles with gold cores had smaller crystallite size and higher apparent solubility than pure silver particles. A dissolution model was found to describe the time variation of particle size and amount of dissolved silver for particle loadings above 9 µg/ml. An effective solubility product obtained from fitting the data was higher for the 20 nm gold core particles in comparison to the pure silver or 110 nm particles. Dissolution of the nanoparticles was enhanced by presence of serum proteins contained in fetal bovine serum. In addition, the protocol of the dispersion in the medium was found to influence particle agglomeration and dissolution. Results show that particle structure can impact the concentration of dissolved silver and the dose to which cells would be exposed during in vitro studies.« less

  19. Comprehensive Characterization of Voids and Microstructure in TATB-based Explosives from 10 nm to 1 cm: Effects of Temperature Cycling and Compressive Creep

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willey, T M; Lauderbach, L; Gagliardi, F; Cunningham, B; Lorenz, K T; Lee, J I; van Buuren, T; Call, R; Landt, L; Overturf, G

    2010-02-26

    This paper outlines the characterization of voids and Microstructure in TATB-based Explosives over several orders of magnitude, from sizes on the order of 10 nm to about 1 cm. This is accomplished using ultra small angle x-ray scattering to investigate voids from a few nm to a few microns, ultra small angle neutron scattering for voids from 100 nm to 10 microns, and x-ray computed microtomography to investigate microstructure from a few microns to a few centimeters. The void distributions of LX-17 are outlined, and the microstructure of LX-17 is presented. Temperature cycling and compressive creep cause drastically different damage to the microstructure. Temperature cycling leads to a volume expansion (ratchet growth) in TATB-based explosives, and x-ray scattering techniques that are sensitive to sizes up to a few microns indicated changes to the void volume distribution that had previously accounted for most, but not all of the change in density. This paper presents the microstructural damage larger than a few microns caused by ratchet growth. Temperature cycling leads to void creation in the binder poor regions associated with the interior portion of formulated prills. Conversely, compressive creep causes characteristically different changes to microstructure; fissures form at binder-rich prill boundaries prior to mechanical failure.

  20. Observation of coupled vortex gyrations by 70-ps-time and 20-nm-space- resolved full-field magnetic transmission soft x-ray microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jung, Hyunsung; Yu, Young-Sang; Lee, Ki-Suk; Im, Mi-Young; Fischer, Peter; Bocklage, Lars; Vogel, Andreas; Bolte, Markus; Meier, Guido; Kim, Sang-Koog

    2010-09-01

    We employed time-and space-resolved full-field magnetic transmission soft x-ray microscopy to observe vortex-core gyrations in a pair of dipolar-coupled vortex-state Permalloy (Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}) disks. The 70 ps temporal and 20 nm spatial resolution of the microscope enabled us to simultaneously measure vortex gyrations in both disks and to resolve the phases and amplitudes of both vortex-core positions. We observed their correlation for a specific vortex-state configuration. This work provides a robust and direct method of studying vortex gyrations in dipolar-coupled vortex oscillators.

  1. Absorption enhancement through Fabry-Prot resonant modes in a 430?nm thick InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells solar cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behaghel, B.; Tamaki, R.; Watanabe, K.; Sodabanlu, H.; Vandamme, N.; Dupuis, C.; Bardou, N.; Cattoni, A.; Okada, Y.; Sugiyama, M.; Collin, S.; Guillemoles, J.-F.

    2015-02-23

    We study light management in a 430?nm-thick GaAs p-i-n single junction solar cell with 10 pairs of InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells (MQWs). The epitaxial layer transfer on a gold mirror improves light absorption and increases the external quantum efficiency below GaAs bandgap by a factor of four through the excitation of Fabry-Perot resonances. We show a good agreement with optical simulation and achieve around 10% conversion efficiency. We demonstrate numerically that this promising result can be further improved by anti-reflection layers. This study paves the way to very thin MQWs solar cells.

  2. Towards sub-200 nm nano-structuring of linear giant magneto-resistive spin valves by a direct focused ion beam milling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riedmüller, Benjamin; Huber, Felix; Herr, Ulrich

    2014-02-14

    In this work, we present a detailed investigation of a focused ion beam (FIB) assisted nano-structuring process for giant magneto-resistive (GMR) spin valve sensors. We have performed a quantitative study of the dependence of the GMR ratio as well as the sensor resistance on the ion dose, which is implanted in the active region of our sensors. These findings are correlated with the decrease of magneto-resistive properties after micro- and nano-structuring by the FIB and reveal the importance of ion damage which limits the applicability of FIB milling to GMR devices in the low μm range. Deposition of a protective layer (50 nm SiO{sub 2}) on top of the sensor structure before milling leads to a preservation of the magneto-resistive properties after the milling procedure down to sensor dimensions of ∼300 nm. The reduction of the sensor dimensions to the nanometer regime is accompanied by a shift of the GMR curves, and a modification of the saturation behavior. Both effects can be explained by a micromagnetic model including the magnetic interaction of free and pinned layer as well as the effect of the demagnetizing field of the free layer on the sensor behavior. The results demonstrate that the FIB technology can be successfully used to prepare spintronic nanostructures.

  3. 1. Hallam Nuclear Power Facility, NE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hallam Nuclear Power Facility, NE 1969 1998 2. Piqua Nuclear Power Facility, OH 1969 1998 3. Bayo Canyon, NM 1982 1998 4. Kellex/Pierpont, NJ 1982 1998 5. University of California, CA 1982 1998 6. Acid/Pueblo Canyons, NM 1984 1999 7. Chupadera Mesa, NM 1984 1999 8. Canonsburg, PA 1986 1999 9.Shiprock, NM 1987 2000 10. Middlesex Municipal Landfill, NJ 1987 2000 11. Niagara Falls Storage Site Vicinity Properties, NY 1987 2001 12. Salt Lake City, UT 1989 2001 13. Spook, WY 1989 2001 14. National

  4. NM, East Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    149 180 185 232 304 460 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 12 16 18 29 25 15 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 1,052 1,216 1,358 1,306 1,447 2,085 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 649 664 701 660 434 478 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 403 552 657 646 1,013 1,607

  5. NM, West Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 0 0 10 29 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 1 1 4 4 3 5 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 2,732 2,384 2,098 1,349 951 945 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft)...

  6. Congested site challenges designers of refinery IPP plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collins, S.

    1993-09-01

    This article describes a new IPP plant which has successfully met the challenges of an extremely congested site--including overcoming physical space constraints, meeting low air-emissions regulations, and minimizing water consumption--located next to a busy highway and near a major airport. The 650-MW Linden cogeneration plant is located on a 13.5-acre plot within the confines of Bayway Refinery Co's facility near Newark, NJ. Since starting operation one year ago, the plant has been reliably supplying steam for the refinery's process heating and mechanical drive needs and efficiently generating steam and electricity with minimal environmental impact. To achieve these goals, designers chose a combined-cycle configuration/generators, five supplementary-fired heat-recovery steam generators (HRSGs), and three 90-MW steam turbine/generators. Thus far, the facility has operated with an average availability above 90%.

  7. Help in N.J. for Those Struggling with Energy Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From boilers to bare wiring on refrigerators -- weatherization efforts, boosted by the Recovery Act, are providing much-needed upgrades to homes and cutting energy bills in the process.

  8. N.J. DEP recognizes PPPL as state's top environmental steward...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    grounds to celebrate Earth Week last month. Some 32 volunteers collected 350 pounds of trash and 35 pounds of leaves for composting. PPPL's composting and recycling efforts...

  9. NJ,O-04 MEMOHANDUtl TO: FILE FRon: SITE NAME: CITY:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    , . . . . FECMED INVOLFF AT SITE ---...L'---... Control c Health Physics Protection 0 AECtlED managed operations ci Little or None 13 AECMED responsible for ...

  10. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Tindall Homes, Columbus, NJ

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Tindall Homes partnered with the Building America research team IBACOS (Integrated Building and Construction Solutions) to build 20 luxury homes in northern New Jersey that were more energy efficient than ENERGY STAR and met the 50% energy savings requirements of the federal tax credit for new homes. IBACOS contributed design recommendations and analysis. IBACOS calculated annual energy savings of $1,541 to the homeowner for one design, and post-construction testing showed a HERS score of 58. To

  11. MICROANALYSIS OF NY/NJ HARBOR SEDIMENTS USING SYNCHROTRON X-RAY BEAMS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JONES,K.W.FENG,H.LANZIROTTI,A.MARINKOVIC,N.ET AL.

    2003-12-31

    Sediments found in the New York/New Jersey Harbor are widely contaminated with organic and inorganic compounds of anthropogenic origin. As a result, the environmental health of the Harbor has deteriorated and the efficient operation of the Port compromised by difficulties in disposing of sediments resulting from maintenance and improvements of navigational channels. Knowledge of the properties of the sediments on a micro-scale is useful in understanding the transport of contaminants through the environment, for developing effective methods for sediment decontamination, and for subsequent beneficial use of the cleaned sediments. We have investigated several properties of these sediments using synchrotron radiation techniques. These include computed microtomography using absorption and fluorescence contrast mechanisms, x-ray microscopy, microbeam x-ray fluorescence, and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) for measurements of microstructure, distribution of metals on individual sediment particles, and chemical forms of the contaminants on a micrometer scale. Typical results obtained with these techniques are presented.

  12. Holographic recording and characterization of photorefractive Bi{sub 2}TeO{sub 5} crystals at 633?nm wavelength light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira, Ivan de

    2014-04-28

    We report on the holographic recording on photorefractive Bi{sub 2}TeO{sub 5} crystals using ?=633 nm wavelength light. We studied the behavior of this material under the action of this low photonic energy light and found out the presence of a fast and a slow hologram, both of photorefractive nature and exhibiting rather high diffraction efficiencies. The faster and the slower holograms are based on the excitation and diffusion of oppositely charged carriers (likely electrons and holes). Relevant parameters for the photoactive centers responsible for both kind of holograms were characterized using purely holographic techniques. No evidences of non-photosensitive ionic charge carriers being involved in the recording process at room temperature nor self-fixing effects were found.

  13. Synthesis of 1 nm Pd Nanoparticles in a Microfluidic Reactor: Insights from in Situ X ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy and Small-Angle X ray Scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karim, Ayman M.; Al Hasan, Naila M.; Ivanov, Sergei A.; Siefert, Soenke; Kelly, Ryan T.; Hallfors, Nicholas G.; Benavidez, Angelica D.; Kovarik, Libor; Jenkins, Aaron; Winans, R. E.; Datye, Abhaya K.

    2015-06-11

    In this paper we show that the temporal separation of nucleation and growth is not a necessary condition for the colloidal synthesis of monodisperse nanoparticles. The synthesis mechanism of Pd nanoparticles was determined by in situ XAFS and SAXS in a microfluidic reactor capable of millisecond up to an hour time resolution. The SAXS results showed two autocatalytic growth phases, a fast growth phase followed by a very slow growth phase. The steady increase in the number of particles throughout the two growth phases indicates the synthesis is limited by slow continuous nucleation. The transition from fast to slow growth was caused by rapid increase in bonding with the capping agent as shown by XAFS. Based on this fundamental understanding of the synthesis mechanism, we show that 1 nm monodisperse Pd nanoparticles can be synthesized at low temperature using a strong binding capping agent such as trioctylphosphine (TOP).

  14. Formation mechanisms of oxygen atoms in the O({sup 1}D{sub 2}) state from the 157 nm photoirradiation of amorphous water ice at 90 K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hama, Tetsuya; Yabushita, Akihiro; Yokoyama, Masaaki; Kawasaki, Masahiro; Watanabe, Naoki

    2009-09-21

    Vacuum ultraviolet photolysis of water ice in the first absorption band was studied at 157 nm. Translational and internal energy distributions of the desorbed species, O({sup 1}D) and OH(v=0,1), were directly measured with resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization method. Two different mechanisms are discussed for desorption of electronically excited O({sup 1}D) atoms from the ice surface. One is unimolecular dissociation of H{sub 2}O to H{sub 2}+O({sup 1}D) as a primary photoprocess. The other is the surface recombination reaction of hot OH radicals that are produced from photodissociation of hydrogen peroxide as a secondary photoprocess. H{sub 2}O{sub 2} is one of the major photoproducts in the vacuum ultraviolet photolysis of water ice.

  15. A Pixel Readout Chip in 40 nm CMOS Process for High Count Rate Imaging Systems with Minimization of Charge Sharing Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maj, Piotr; Grybos, P.; Szczgiel, R.; Kmon, P.; Drozd, A.; Deptuch, G.

    2013-11-07

    We present a prototype chip in 40 nm CMOS technology for readout of hybrid pixel detector. The prototype chip has a matrix of 18x24 pixels with a pixel pitch of 100 ?m. It can operate both in single photon counting (SPC) mode and in C8P1 mode. In SPC the measured ENC is 84 e? rms (for the peaking time of 48 ns), while the effective offset spread is below 2 mV rms. In the C8P1 mode the chip reconstructs full charge deposited in the detector, even in the case of charge sharing, and it identifies a pixel with the largest charge deposition. The chip architecture and preliminary measurements are reported.

  16. Alloy inhomogeneity and carrier localization in AlGaN sections and AlGaN/AlN nanodisks in nanowires with 240350?nm emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Himwas, C.; Hertog, M. den; Dang, Le Si; Songmuang, R.; Monroy, E.

    2014-12-15

    We present structural and optical studies of AlGaN sections and AlGaN/AlN nanodisks (NDs) in nanowires grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. The Al-Ga intermixing at Al(Ga)N/GaN interfaces and the chemical inhomogeneity in AlGaN NDs evidenced by scanning transmission electron microscopy are attributed to the strain relaxation process. This interpretation is supported by the three-dimensional strain distribution calculated by minimizing the elastic energy in the structure. The alloy inhomogeneity increases with the Al content, leading to enhanced carrier localization signatures in the luminescence characteristics, i.e., red shift of the emission, s-shaped temperature dependence, and linewidth broadening. Despite these effects, the emission energy of AlGaN/AlN NDs can be tuned in the 240350?nm range with internal quantum efficiencies around 30%.

  17. The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negres, R A; Norton, M A; Liao, Z M; Cross, D A; Bude, J D; Carr, C W

    2009-10-29

    Past work in the area of laser-induced damage growth has shown growth rates to be primarily dependent on the laser fluence and wavelength. More recent studies suggest that growth rate, similar to the damage initiation process, is affected by a number of additional parameters including pulse duration, pulse shape, site size, and internal structure. In this study, we focus on the effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser damage sites located on the exit surface of fused silica optics. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, a significant dependence of growth rate at 351 nm on pulse duration from 1 ns to 15 ns as {tau}{sup 0.3} for sites in the 50-100 {micro}m size range.

  18. High quality HfO{sub 2}/p-GaSb(001) metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors with 0.8?nm equivalent oxide thickness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barth, Michael; Datta, Suman; Bruce Rayner, G.; McDonnell, Stephen; Wallace, Robert M.; Bennett, Brian R.; Engel-Herbert, Roman

    2014-12-01

    We investigate in-situ cleaning of GaSb surfaces and its effect on the electrical performance of p-type GaSb metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor (MOSCAP) using a remote hydrogen plasma. Ultrathin HfO{sub 2} films grown by atomic layer deposition were used as a high permittivity gate dielectric. Compared to conventional ex-situ chemical cleaning methods, the in-situ GaSb surface treatment resulted in a drastic improvement in the impedance characteristics of the MOSCAPs, directly evidencing a much lower interface trap density and enhanced Fermi level movement efficiency. We demonstrate that by using a combination of ex-situ and in-situ surface cleaning steps, aggressively scaled HfO{sub 2}/p-GaSb MOSCAP structures with a low equivalent oxide thickness of 0.8?nm and efficient gate modulation of the surface potential are achieved, allowing to push the Fermi level far away from the valence band edge high up into the band gap of GaSb.

  19. Importance of energy efficiency in the design of the Process and Environmental Technology Laboratory (PETL) at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wrons, R.

    1998-06-01

    As part of the design of the Process and Environmental Technology Laboratory (PETL) in FY97, an energy conservation report (ECR) was completed. The original energy baseline for the building, established in Title 1 design, was 595,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr, site energy use. Following the input of several reviewers and the incorporation of the various recommendations into the Title 2 design, the projected energy consumption was reduced to 341,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr. Of this reduction, it is estimated that about 150,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr resulted from inclusion of more energy efficient options into the design. The remaining reductions resulted from better accounting of energy consumption between Title 1 ECR and the final ECR. The energy efficient features selected by the outcome of the ECR were: (1) Energy Recovery system, with evaporative cooling assist, for the Exhaust/Make-up Air System; (2) Chilled Water Thermal Storage system; (3) Premium efficiency motors for large, year-round applications; (4) Variable frequency drives for all air handling fan motors; (4) Premium efficiency multiple boiler system; and (5) Lighting control system. The annual energy cost savings due to these measures will be about $165,000. The estimated annual energy savings are two million kWhrs electric, and 168,000 therms natural gas, the total of which is equivalent to 23,000 million BTUs per year. Put into the perspective of a typical office/light lab at SNL/NM, the annual energy savings is equal the consumption of a 125,000 square foot building. The reduced air emissions are approximately 2,500 tons annually.

  20. High resolution PFPE-based molding High resolution PFPE-based molding High resolution PFPE-based molding techniques for nanofabrication of high pattern density sub-20 nm features: A fundamental materials approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Stuart S [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Samulski, Edward [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Lopez, Renee [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Ruiz, Ricardo [Hitachi; DeSimone, Joseph [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Retterer, Scott T [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT. Described herein is the development and investigation of PFPE-based elastomers for high resolution replica molding applications. The modulus of the elastomeric materials was increased through synthetic and additive approaches while maintaining relatively low surface energies (<25 mN/m). Using practically relevant large area master templates, we show that the resolution of the molds is strongly dependant upon the elastomeric mold modulus. A composite mold approach was used to form flexible molds out of stiff, high modulus materials that allow for replication of sub-20 nm post structures. Sub-100 nm line grating master templates, formed using e-beam lithography, were used to determine the experimental stability of the molding materials. It was observed that as the feature spacing decreased, high modulus composite molds were able to effectively replicate the nano-grating structures without cracking or tear-out defects that typically occur with high modulus elastomers.

  1. Observation of the wavepacket dynamics on the {sup 1}B{sub 2}({sup 1}?{sub u}{sup +}) state of CS{sub 2} by sub-20 fs photoelectron imaging using 159 nm probe pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spesyvtsev, R.; Horio, T.; Suzuki, Y.-I.; Suzuki, T.

    2015-02-21

    The wavepacket dynamics of CS{sub 2} after photoexcitation to the {sup 1}B{sub 2}({sup 1}?{sub u}{sup +}) state at 198 nm are studied by time-resolved photoelectron imaging using sub-20 fs 159 nm pulses, which enable single photon ionization from the entire region of the {sup 1}B{sub 2} potential energy surface. The time-energy map of the photoelectron intensity reveals vibrational motions along the symmetric stretching and bending coordinates. The time-energy map of the photoelectron anisotropy parameter exhibits time-evolution within single oscillation periods of the ?{sub 1} and ?{sub 2} modes, which is attributed to variation of the excited state electronic character along these vibrational coordinates. The initially populated {sup 1}B{sub 2} state evolves with two time constants of 107 and 394 fs.

  2. Photolysis of CH{sub 3}CHO at 248 nm: Evidence of triple fragmentation from primary quantum yield of CH{sub 3} and HCO radicals and H atoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morajkar, Pranay; Schoemaecker, Coralie; Fittschen, Christa; Bossolasco, Adriana

    2014-06-07

    Radical quantum yields have been measured following the 248 nm photolysis of acetaldehyde, CH{sub 3}CHO. HCO radical and H atom yields have been quantified by time resolved continuous wave Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy in the near infrared following their conversion to HO{sub 2} radicals by reaction with O{sub 2}. The CH{sub 3} radical yield has been determined using the same technique following their conversion into CH{sub 3}O{sub 2}. Absolute yields have been deduced for HCO radicals and H atoms through fitting of time resolved HO{sub 2} profiles, obtained under various O{sub 2} concentrations, to a complex model, while the CH{sub 3} yield has been determined relative to the CH{sub 3} yield from 248 nm photolysis of CH{sub 3}I. Time resolved HO{sub 2} profiles under very low O{sub 2} concentrations suggest that another unknown HO{sub 2} forming reaction path exists in this reaction system besides the conversion of HCO radicals and H atoms by reaction with O{sub 2}. HO{sub 2} profiles can be well reproduced under a large range of experimental conditions with the following quantum yields: CH{sub 3}CHO?+?h?{sub 248nm} ? CH{sub 3}CHO{sup *}, CH{sub 3}CHO{sup *} ? CH{sub 3}?+?HCO??{sub 1a} = 0.125??0.03, CH{sub 3}CHO{sup *} ? CH{sub 3}?+?H?+?CO??{sub 1e} = 0.205??0.04, CH{sub 3}CHO{sup *}?{sup o{sub 2}}CH{sub 3}CO?+?HO{sub 2}??{sub 1f} = 0.07??0.01. The CH{sub 3}O{sub 2} quantum yield has been determined in separate experiments as ?{sub CH{sub 3}} = 0.33 0.03 and is in excellent agreement with the CH{sub 3} yields derived from the HO{sub 2} measurements considering that the triple fragmentation (R1e) is an important reaction path in the 248 nm photolysis of CH{sub 3}CHO. From arithmetic considerations taking into account the HO{sub 2} and CH{sub 3} measurements we deduce a remaining quantum yield for the molecular pathway: CH{sub 3}CHO{sup *} ? CH{sub 4}?+?CO??{sub 1b} = 0.6. All experiments can be consistently explained with absence of the formerly considered pathway: CH{sub 3}CHO{sup *} ? CH{sub 3}CO?+?H??{sub 1c} = 0.

  3. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: John Hubert Associates EXIT-0 House, North Cape May, NJ

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This house is the first DOE Zero Energy Ready Home for this builder and won a Custom Builder award in the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards. The 1,871-ft2 home features advanced-framed above-grade walls with R-21 fiberglass batt plus an R-3.6-insulated coated OSB sheathing, R-18 rigid-foam-insulated crawlspace walls, solar water heating, a high-efficiency heat pump, an HRV, and mostly LED lighting.

  4. L{sub g}?=?100?nm In{sub 0.7}Ga{sub 0.3}As quantum well metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors with atomic layer deposited beryllium oxide as interfacial layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koh, D., E-mail: dh.koh@utexas.edu, E-mail: Taewoo.Kim@sematech.org [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States); SEMATECH, Inc., Albany, New York 12203 (United States); Kwon, H. M. [Department of Electronics Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, T.-W., E-mail: dh.koh@utexas.edu, E-mail: Taewoo.Kim@sematech.org; Veksler, D.; Gilmer, D.; Kirsch, P. D. [SEMATECH, Inc., Albany, New York 12203 (United States); Kim, D.-H. [SEMATECH, Inc., Albany, New York 12203 (United States); GLOBALFOUNDRIES, Malta, New York 12020 (United States); Hudnall, Todd W. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas, 78666 (United States); Bielawski, Christopher W. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Maszara, W. [GLOBALFOUNDRIES, Santa Clara, California 95054 (United States); Banerjee, S. K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)

    2014-04-21

    In this study, we have fabricated nanometer-scale channel length quantum-well (QW) metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) incorporating beryllium oxide (BeO) as an interfacial layer. BeO has high thermal stability, excellent electrical insulating characteristics, and a large band-gap, which make it an attractive candidate for use as a gate dielectric in making MOSFETs. BeO can also act as a good diffusion barrier to oxygen owing to its small atomic bonding length. In this work, we have fabricated In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As MOS capacitors with BeO and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and compared their electrical characteristics. As interface passivation layer, BeO/HfO{sub 2} bilayer gate stack presented effective oxide thickness less 1 nm. Furthermore, we have demonstrated In{sub 0.7}Ga{sub 0.3}As QW MOSFETs with a BeO/HfO{sub 2} dielectric, showing a sub-threshold slope of 100?mV/dec, and a transconductance (g{sub m,max}) of 1.1 mS/?m, while displaying low values of gate leakage current. These results highlight the potential of atomic layer deposited BeO for use as a gate dielectric or interface passivation layer for IIIV MOSFETs at the 7?nm technology node and/or beyond.

  5. F-1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Central West North Central East North Central Mountain AK WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT VT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH...

  6. F-5 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Figure F4. Oil and Gas Supply Model Regions Atlantic WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE...

  7. NM, East Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    272 274 271 295 306 318 1979-2008 Adjustments 10 -20 -14 23 11 -11 1979-2008 Revision Increases 53 48 33 47 39 42 1979-2008 Revision Decreases 81 36 32 38 35 42 1979-2008 Sales 19 21 39 27 21 18 2000-2008 Acquisitions 20 39 54 26 19 48 2000-2008 Extensions 40 30 33 28 33 29 1979-2008 New Field Discoveries 0 1 0 2 1 0 1979-2008 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 1 0 0 0 1 0 1979-2008 Estimated Production 42 39 38 37 37 36

  8. NM, West Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    603 590 569 566 538 486 1979-2008 Adjustments 56 -52 2 12 6 -11 1979-2008 Revision Increases 50 83 63 34 87 88 1979-2008 Revision Decreases 56 54 74 29 82 91 1979-2008 Sales 20 16 19 238 12 7 2000-2008 Acquisitions 27 33 24 238 6 0 2000-2008 Extensions 38 33 22 16 6 4 1979-2008 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2008 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 5 0 0 1979-2008 Estimated Production 40 40 39 41 39 35

  9. 80994.0709_NM:Layout 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    prescription drug coverage through Blue Cross and Blue Shield of New Mexico offers many options, resources and advantages: * Cost savings: Using generic drugs, when right for you, can help you save money. When you visit our Web site at www.bcbsnm.com, you can find out if a brand drug has a generic equivalent available and see a list of generic alternatives. * Convenience: A broad pharmacy network allows you to choose a retail pharmacy close to you. * Time savings: The mail order program lets you

  10. NM Energy Minerals & Natural Resources Department

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Minerals & Natural Resources Department - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste

  11. NM, East Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4,141 4,226 4,379 4,386 4,633 5,799 1977-2014 Adjustments 251 -200 -124 59 -194 252 1977-2014 Revision Increases 541 480 502 814 1,014 1,442 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 628 418 431 850 715 805 1977-2014 Sales 149 133 199 311 483 15 2000-2014 Acquisitions 229 419 257 111 285 51 2000-2014 Extensions 317 326 520 583 698 701 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 3 1 0 1 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 3 3 2 4 89 3 1977-2014 Estimated Production 454 392 377 404 447 464

  12. NM, West Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1,457 11,186 10,626 9,200 8,943 9,484 1977-2014 Adjustments 274 111 197 94 -8 303 1977-2014 Revision Increases 855 1,731 1,612 1,570 2,393 1,952 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 1,080 1,415 1,798 2,426 2,076 1,174 1977-2014 Sales 138 12 817 0 222 0 2000-2014 Acquisitions 63 0 821 4 309 11 2000-2014 Extensions 124 142 211 97 55 159 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 1 0 0 0 0 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 7 0 0 0 1977-2014 Estimated Production 896 828 793 765 708 710

  13. NM Renewable Energy Storage Task Force

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewable Energy Storage Task Force - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future ...

  14. Design of a self-aligned, wide temperature range (300 mK-300 K) atomic force microscope/magnetic force microscope with 10 nm magnetic force microscope resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karc?, zgr; Dede, Mnir

    2014-10-01

    We describe the design of a wide temperature range (300 mK-300 K) atomic force microscope/magnetic force microscope with a self-aligned fibre-cantilever mechanism. An alignment chip with alignment groves and a special mechanical design are used to eliminate tedious and time consuming fibre-cantilever alignment procedure for the entire temperature range. A low noise, Michelson fibre interferometer was integrated into the system for measuring deflection of the cantilever. The spectral noise density of the system was measured to be ~12 fm/?Hz at 4.2 K at 3 mW incident optical power. Abrikosov vortices in BSCCO(2212) single crystal sample and a high density hard disk sample were imaged at 10 nm resolution to demonstrate the performance of the system.

  15. Total reflection inelastic x-ray scattering from a 10 nm thick La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.2}CoO{sub 3} thin film.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fister, T. T.; Fong, D. D.; Eastman, J. A.; Iddir, H.; Zapol, P.; Fuoss, P. H.; Balasubramanian, M.; Gordon, R. A.; Balasubramaniam, K. R.; Salvador, P. A.; Simon Fraser Univ.; Carnegie Mellon Univ.

    2011-01-18

    To study equilibrium changes in composition, valence, and electronic structure near the surface and into the bulk, we demonstrate the use of a new approach, total-reflection inelastic x-ray scattering, as a sub-keV spectroscopy capable of depth profiling chemical changes in thin films with nanometer resolution. By comparing data acquired under total x-ray reflection and penetrating conditions, we are able to separate the O K-edge spectra from a 10 nm La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}CoO{sub 3} thin film from that of the underlying SrTiO{sub 3} substrate. With a smaller wavelength probe than comparable soft x-ray absorption measurements, we also describe the ability to easily access dipole-forbidden final states, using the dramatic evolution of the La N{sub 4,5} edge with momentum transfer as an example.

  16. Sub-250?nm low-threshold deep-ultraviolet AlGaN-based heterostructure laser employing HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} dielectric mirrors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kao, Tsung-Ting; Liu, Yuh-Shiuan; Mahbub Satter, Md.; Li, Xiao-Hang; Lochner, Zachary; Douglas Yoder, P.; Detchprohm, Theeradetch; Dupuis, Russell D.; Shen, Shyh-Chiang Ryou, Jae-Hyun; Fischer, Alec M.; Wei, Yong; Xie, Hongen; Ponce, Fernando A.

    2013-11-18

    We report a sub-250-nm, optically pumped, deep-ultraviolet laser using an Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N-based multi-quantum-well structure grown on a bulk Al-polar c-plane AlN substrate. TE-polarization-dominant lasing action was observed at room temperature with a threshold pumping power density of 250?kW/cm{sup 2}. After employing high-reflectivity SiO{sub 2}/HfO{sub 2} dielectric mirrors on both facets, the threshold pumping power density was further reduced to 180?kW/cm{sup 2}. The internal loss and threshold modal gain can be calculated as 2?cm{sup ?1} and 10.9?cm{sup ?1}, respectively.

  17. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NJ NM NM NV NY OH SC TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Energx Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Aberdeen Proving Ground Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory National Security Technologies West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous

  18. New Castle County, Delaware: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Delaware Newark, Delaware Newport, Delaware North Star, Delaware Odessa, Delaware Pike Creek, Delaware Smyrna, Delaware Townsend, Delaware Wilmington Manor, Delaware...

  19. 36556,"AECTRA REFG & MKTG",1,152,"MOTOR GAS, OTHER FINISHED"...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    INC",9,134,"MOTOR GAS BLENDING COMPONENTS",1004,"PERTH AMBOY, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,830,"SPAIN",245,0,0,"UNKNOWN PROCESSOR-NJ","UNKNOWN PROCESSOR-NJ","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 36556,"BP...

  20. Electron-induced single event upsets in 28 nm and 45 nm bulk...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    GrantContract Number: AC04-94AL85000 Type: Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: IEEE ... Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Research Org: Sandia ...

  1. LLNL Results from CALIBAN-PROSPERO Nuclear Accident Dosimetry Experiments in September 2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lobaugh, M. L.; Hickman, D. P.; Wong, C. W.; Wysong, A. R.; Merritt, M. J.; Heinrichs, D. P.; Topper, J. D.

    2015-05-21

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) uses thin neutron activation foils, sulfur, and threshold energy shielding to determine neutron component doses and the total dose from neutrons in the event of a nuclear criticality accident. The dosimeter also uses a DOELAP accredited Panasonic UD-810 (Panasonic Industrial Devices Sales Company of America, 2 Riverfront Plaza, Newark, NJ 07102, U.S.A.) thermoluminescent dosimetery system (TLD) for determining the gamma component of the total dose. LLNL has participated in three international intercomparisons of nuclear accident dosimeters. In October 2009, LLNL participated in an exercise at the French Commissariat lnergie atomique et aux nergies alternatives (Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission- CEA) Research Center at Valduc utilizing the SILENE reactor (Hickman, et.al. 2010). In September 2010, LLNL participated in a second intercomparison at CEA Valduc, this time with exposures at the CALIBAN reactor (Hickman et al. 2011). This paper discusses LLNLs results of a third intercomparison hosted by the French Institut de Radioprotection et de Sret Nuclaire (Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety- IRSN) with exposures at two CEA Valduc reactors (CALIBAN and PROSPERO) in September 2014. Comparison results between the three participating facilities is presented elsewhere (Chevallier 2015; Duluc 2015).

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chemical Construction Co Linden Pilot

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Plant - NJ 12 Chemical Construction Co Linden Pilot Plant - NJ 12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Chemical Construction Co., Linden Pilot Plant (NJ.12 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Chemical Construction Corporation Pilot Plant Chemico NJ.12-1 NJ.12-2 Location: Linden , New Jersey NJ.12-3 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.12-4 Site Operations: Performed research and development operations under AEC contract to develop a process for

  3. Microsoft Word - NSAC-subcommittee-public

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Subcommittee Members Professor Adam Burrows Department of Astrophysical Sciences Princeton University 4 Ivy Lane, Payton Hall Princetof University Princeton, NJ 08544 Dr. Joseph Carlson Los Alamos National Laboratory MS: B263 Los Alamos, NM 87545 Dr. George Crabtree Material Science Division Argonne National Laboratory/ University of Illnois 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 Professor Brad Fillippone Department of Physics California Institute of Technology M/C 106-38 Pasadena, CA 91125

  4. Presentation Title

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Overview for Newcomers R. Arnold, NV R. Pinney, NJ M. Wangler, DC N. Weber, NM National Transportation Stakeholders Forum 14 May 2013 www.energy.gov/EM 2 Orientation Format * Overview presentation by M. Wangler. * Experiential discussions by R. Arnold, R. Pinney and N. Weber. * Q & A by participants. www.energy.gov/EM 3 Overview Presentation Topics * History of External Coordination * Transportation External Coordination Working Group (TEC) * Background * Some founding principles *

  5. FY2010 4th QTR.xls

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NJ NM NY NV OH TN TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Energx Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Sandia National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory Navarro-Interra, LLC Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant UT Batelle/Oak Ridge National Laboratory Duratek/Energy

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Eclipse-Pioneer Div of Bendix Aviation

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Corp - NJ 30 Eclipse-Pioneer Div of Bendix Aviation Corp - NJ 30 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Eclipse-Pioneer Div. of Bendix Aviation Corp. (NJ.30 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Allied Bendix Aerospace Corporation Sumitomo Machinery Corporation of America Metpath Incorporated NJ.30-7 Location: Teterboro , New Jersey NJ.30-4 Evaluation Year: Circa 1989 NJ.30-1 NJ.30-2 NJ.30-3 NJ.30-5 Site Operations: Plant #4 built by U.S. Navy on

  7. Sandia, the Atlantic Council, and NM Water Resource Research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization ... There is great untapped potential for water conservation. ...

  8. NM Legislation5 (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    United States Language: English Subject: Energy Planning, Policy, & Economy(29); Energy Storage(25) Energy Sciences Word Cloud More Like This Full Text File size NAView...

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/18-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    with law. NMSA 74-4-14 The filing of an appeal by any party does not act as a stay of any action required by the NMED's final decision. 20.4.1.901.H Process Flowchart...

  10. Dr. Ferenc Mezei, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr. Ferenc Mezei

    2010-01-08

    Neutron Spin Echo Spectroscopy: History and Outlook. Presented at the Workshop on Spin Echo Spectroscopy 2009 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory on November 4, 2009.

  11. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-i | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of conveyance include: Warranty deeds; Special warranty deeds; Quitclaim deeds; Personal representative's deeds; Special master's deeds; and Tax deeds. NMAC 19.26.2.17(C)....

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/18-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Act of 1954; Any UST system that is part of an emergency generator system at nuclear power generation facilities regulated by the nuclear regulatory commission under...

  13. Collapse and Resurgence of the Valles Caldera, Jemez Mtns, NM...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    they are composed of older pre-caldera units that include the lower Bandelier Tuff (1.68 &plusmin; 0.03 Ma), and a dacitic tuff dated at 8.205 &plusmin; 0.083 Ma. The ages of...

  14. NM, West Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    3,461 3,172 3,009 2,851 2,410 2,851 2005-2013 Adjustments -9 257 -167 56 51 2009-2013 Revision Increases 443 490 551 255 1,291 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 323 565 277 485 587...

  15. NM, East Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    530 474 523 507 362 5 2005-2013 Adjustments 0 4 -3 0 -10 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 72 11 0 71 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 30 0 2 117 0 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 409 2009-2013...

  16. ,"NM, East Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

  17. ,"NM, West Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  18. ,"NM, West Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

  19. ,"NM, East Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  20. Geothermal Electric Plant Planned in N.M.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Publicly traded Raser Technologies Inc. of Provo, Utah, said Wednesday that it is planning to build New Mexico's first commercial geothermal electric generation plant.

  1. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the film does not rely on thermal chemical amplification, thereby reducing diffusion and image blur during post-exposure processing. The downside of the lack of chemical...

  2. RAPID/Roadmap/4-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    receiver lines; The developer must at all times keep the permit area free and clear of trash and debris resulting from the developer's occupation of the lands; Unless authorized...

  3. RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    c < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  4. RAPID/Roadmap/1-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in New Mexico is delegated to municipalities and counties. 01NMALandUsePlanning.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  5. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-g | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    g < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  6. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-g | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    g < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  7. Microsoft Word - AN_NM_12_11_2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear physics at Nazarbayev University in Astana, Kazakhstan Dr. Aliya Nurmukhanbetova and Nessipbek Mynbayev Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan Abstract: We will describe nuclear research in Nazarbayev University, and will present the first results of study of resonances in alpha+ 13 C reaction at low energies. The aim of the project is to obtain experimental data of the excitation functions of the 13 C (α, α) 13 С elastic scattering at the initial beam energy of 13 C from 1.7Mev/A

  8. RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    b < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  9. High power terahertz generation using 1550 nm plasmonic photomixers...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    through use of plasmonic contact electrodes, and by mitigating thermal breakdown at high optical pump power levels through use of a low duty cycle optical pump. The...

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Business Lease), developers pursuing geothermal projects on state trust lands where the temperature of the extractable resource is less than 250 degrees Fahrenheit may apply for...

  11. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-j | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    j < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  12. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a...

  13. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-h | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    "Beneficial use" is defined as the direct use or storage and use of water by man for a beneficial purpose including, but not limited to, agriculture, municipal,...

  14. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    N. Smith, G. Jones, and S. Rekawa (Berkeley Lab); B. Rice, S. Wurm, C. Koh, and W. Montgomery (SEMATECH); B. McClinton and R. Miyakawa (University of California, Berkeley); and...

  15. Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GEA Development Phase: Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: USGS Mean Reservoir Temp: USGS Estimated Reservoir Volume: USGS Mean...

  16. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Project Require a Water Easement or Water Rights Lease? Depending on the specific nature of the project, a developer may choose to pursue one of two types of available water...

  17. Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of custom-made control electronics which allow researchers to meticulously manipulate the tool. The MET is located within a thermally controlled enclosure (shiny metal paneling)...

  18. Isotopic Analysis At Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References D. G. Brookins (1982) Potassium, Uranium, Thorium Radiogenic Heat Contribution To Heat Flow In The Precambrian And Younger...

  19. Rock Sampling At Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    analysis from U,Th,K concentrations. References D. G. Brookins (1982) Potassium, Uranium, Thorium Radiogenic Heat Contribution To Heat Flow In The Precambrian And Younger...

  20. RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    transmission lines requiring a right of way (ROW) width greater than 100 feet. Any person proposing to construct transmission lines requiring a ROW width greater than 100 feet...

  1. RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    information at the hearing is large, however, cross examination of persons presenting oral statements is not allowed. Within 30 days after the hearing, the Hearing Officer will...

  2. Filamentation in air at 1550 nm : initial experimentation with...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Gruetzner, James Kent ; Nelson, Thomas Robert ; Kohl, Ian Thomas 1 ; Bruner, Nichelle Lee 1 ; Law, Ryan J. + Show Author Affiliations (Voss Scientific, Albuquerque, ...

  3. RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Burials. As part of the application, applicants must determine if the burials are Native American or Non-Native American and comply with differing notice requirements based on...

  4. Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores (Conference)...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    introduced at the opening of the carbon nanotubes by oxygen plasma treatment. Reverse osmosis experiments coupled with capillary electrophoresis analysis of permeate and feed show...

  5. RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    10.1. The full interconnection study process may include an Impact Study and a Feasibility Study. At the developer's request, the utility will provide a good faith estimate...

  6. RAPID/Roadmap/6-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and routes of travel. In some cases the NMDOT may require a developer to conduct a feasibility study of the proposed movement or engineering analysis of the highway or route....

  7. 157 nm Pellicles (Thin Films) for Photolithography: Mechanistic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of model compounds. Authors: Lee, Kwangjoo ; Jockusch, Steffen ; Turro, Nicholas J. ; French, Roger H. ; Wheland, Robert C. ; Lemon, M F. ; Braun, Andre M. ; Widerschpan, Tatjana...

  8. Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid...

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in each county and township where the transmission line will be located, the New Mexico Attorney General, the New Mexico Environment Department, and the New Mexico State...

  10. NM, East Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7 35 23 93 178 2007-2013 Adjustments 10 3 66 28 7 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 1 68 17 30 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 2 2 146 3 6 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013...

  11. NM, West Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    29 88 121 83 80 2007-2013 Adjustments 0 0 3 17 11 2009-2013 Revision Increases 2 0 15 1 28 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 0 9 44 53 39 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013...

  12. National Lab., NM (United States). Theoretical Div.]; Campbell...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Engineering 66 PHYSICS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; AHARONOV-BOHM EFFECT; QUANTUM MECHANICS; CARRIER MOBILITY; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; CAVITY RESONATORS; FERMI LEVEL; HAMILTONIANS;...

  13. NM, East Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    474 523 507 362 5 273 2005-2014 Adjustments 0 4 -3 0 -10 246 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 72 11 0 71 46 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 30 0 2 117 0 0 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 409 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 5 0 17 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 26 27 27 28 26 24

  14. NM, East Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    748 891 921 1,029 1,215 1,466 2009-2014 Adjustments 4 0 -25 -28 -9 34 2009-2014 Revision Increases 95 85 97 193 182 284 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 74 65 88 148 179 189 2009-2014 Sales 15 22 57 45 10 5 2009-2014 Acquisitions 19 131 59 26 48 21 2009-2014 Extensions 76 76 113 192 217 221 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 1 0 0 1 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 1 0 1 35 1 2009-2014 Estimated Production 58 63 70 83 98 11

  15. NM, East Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    60 78 68 75 76 54 1979-2014 Adjustments 4 7 -9 -2 2 6 2009-2014 Revision Increases 7 13 9 19 19 15 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 8 9 19 22 32 41 2009-2014 Sales 1 1 2 4 5 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 3 11 1 1 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 4 3 17 22 26 4 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 1 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 6 6 7 8 9

  16. NM, East Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4,558 4,720 4,884 4,833 5,108 6,434 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 2,658 2,612 2,475 2,156 1,832 1,977 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 1,900 2,108 2,409 2,677 3,276 4,457 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 4,141 4,226 4,379 4,386 4,633 5,799

  17. NM, East Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After Lease

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Separation ,658 2,612 2,475 2,156 1,832 1,977 1979-2014 Adjustments 149 -49 -92 31 -97 111 1979-2014 Revision Increases 298 339 237 253 343 463 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 406 225 301 515 296 322 1979-2014 Sales 100 91 121 100 510 12 2000-2014 Acquisitions 186 150 148 52 286 12 2000-2014 Extensions 116 94 218 164 170 80 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 3 1 2 4 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 325 265 228 208 220 187

  18. NM, East Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 35 23 93 178 604 2007-2014 Adjustments 10 3 66 28 7 106 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 1 68 17 30 104 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 2 2 146 3 6 57 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 29 5 38 67 297 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 1 2009-2014 Estimated Production 1 3 5 10 13 25

  19. NM, West Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3,172 3,009 2,851 2,410 2,851 3,847 2005-2014 Adjustments -9 257 -167 56 51 455 2009-2014 Revision Increases 443 490 551 255 1,291 1,343 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 323 565 277 485 587 532 2009-2014 Sales 33 12 221 0 31 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 2 0 221 0 42 11 2009-2014 Extensions 37 42 75 60 5 68 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 7 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 406 375 347 327 330 349

  20. NM, West Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    29 88 121 83 80 42 2007-2014 Adjustments 0 0 3 17 11 7 2009-2014 Revision Increases 2 0 15 1 28 1 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 9 44 53 39 43 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 28 71 63 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 1 3 4 3 3 3

  1. NM, West Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    20 21 26 29 30 28 1979-2014 Adjustments -2 1 0 1 2 -1 2009-2014 Revision Increases 5 3 10 7 9 7 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 3 2 4 3 8 6 2009-2014 Sales 1 0 2 0 1 0 2009-2014...

  2. NM, West Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    82 105 143 142 137 226 1979-2014 Adjustments 12 7 71 23 -39 -29 1979-2014 Revision Increases 4 32 12 11 14 36 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 14 8 34 22 10 26 1979-2014 Sales 0 0 25 1...

  3. NM, West Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2,004 11,704 11,111 9,578 9,322 9,766 1979-2014 Adjustments 263 120 179 49 42 310 1979-2014 Revision Increases 898 1,795 1,695 1,647 2,517 2,021 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 1,125...

  4. NM, West Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2,086 11,809 11,254 9,720 9,459 9,992 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 12,004 11,704 11,111 9,578 9,322 9,766 1979-2014 Natural Gas...

  5. Hydrocarbon-free resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, S Q; Soules, T F; Page, R H; Mitchell, S C; Kanz, V K; Beach, R J

    2008-01-09

    An optical resonance transition rubidium laser (5{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} {yields} 5{sup 2}S{sub 1/2}) is demonstrated with a hydrocarbon-free buffer gas. Prior demonstrations of alkali resonance transition lasers have used ethane as either the buffer gas or a buffer gas component to promote rapid fine-structure mixing. However, our experience suggests that the alkali vapor reacts with the ethane producing carbon as one of the reaction products. This degrades long term laser reliability. Our recent experimental results with a 'clean' helium-only buffer gas system pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser demonstrate all the advantages of the original alkali laser system, but without the reliability issues associated with the use of ethane.

  6. Sandia National Laboratories: Bioscience at SNL-NM: People: Anne...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in which she continues to research cyanobacteria and algae for biofuel production. ... Systems-Level Synthetic Biology for Advanced Biofuel Production Strain development for ...

  7. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in evaluating change applications. For example, the Middle Rio Grande Guidelines set forth extra evaluation criteria and place limits on change of purpose of use where the...

  8. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    have standing to file objections or protests. NMAC 19.27.1.14. All protests must set forth the grounds for asserting standing. In addition, all protests must be filed with the...

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    c < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  10. Microsoft Word - NM2 Final Report.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION I: PROJECT BACKGROUND ............................................................................................................1 EQUIPMENT ..............................................................................................................................................................2 DATA COLLECTION..................................................................................................................................................2 DATA

  11. Microsoft Word - RELEASE - NM clean up 033109 _2_

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE (202) 586-4940 Tuesday, March 31, 2009 Energy Secretary Chu Announces $384 Million in Recovery Act Funding for Environmental Cleanup in New Mexico New Funding Will Create Jobs and Accelerate Cleanup Efforts WASHINGTON, DC -- Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced $6 billion in new funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to accelerate environmental cleanup work and create thousands of jobs across 12 states - including a major investment in New Mexico.

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in place, grant funding can be obtained from the SWQB to implement BMPs. If a WBP BMP is part of development, developers could apply for BMP implementation funding to offset...

  13. NM Legislation5 (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research Org: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Sponsoring Org: LDRD Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: Energy Planning, Policy, & Economy(29); ...

  14. NM, West Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    32 31 39 40 62 92 2009-2014 Adjustments -1 -2 -1 -2 -3 -2 2009-2014 Revision Increases 7 5 14 7 29 10 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 3 2 4 3 9 14 2009-2014 Sales 1 0 2 0 2 0...

  15. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Shiprock Mill Site - NM...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Evaluation of the Trench 2 Groundwater Remediation System at the Shiprock, New Mexico, Legacy Management Site March 2009 Supplement to the Baseline Risk Assessment of Ground Water ...

  16. University of Delaware | CCEI Symposium: April 10-11, 2016

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spring Symposium Dates: April 10-11, 2016 (Sunday and Monday) Deadline to register: March 18, 2016 (registration is required) Venue (Sunday): ISE Lab, University of Delaware (Newark, Delaware) Venue (Monday): Embassy Suites Newark (Newark, Delaware) For additional information: Send email inquiry This event is for CCEI personnel, advisory board members and industrial consortium members exclusively. CCEI is an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of

  17. Controlling the width of a femtosecond continuum generated in a small-diameter fibre

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kobtsev, Sergey M; Kukarin, S V; Fateev, N V

    2002-01-31

    The control of the width of a continuum generated in a tapered germanium-doped silica fibre with the waist diameter of {approx}3 {mu}m is experimentally demonstrated for the first time. The width of the continuum was controlled by varying the wavelength of chirped femtosecond pump pulses near the zero-point of the group velocity dispersion of the fibre. The width of the continuum at the -20-dB level was varied from 98 to 790 nm by tuning the central wavelength of 80-fs, 0.6-nJ input pulses from 789 to 847 nm. (control of laser radiation parameters)

  18. Origin State>> CA ID ID ID IL MD NM NM NV NY NY OH SC TN TN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NV NY NY OH SC TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory National Security Technologies Brookhaven National Laboratory West Valley Environmental Services Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Savannah River Site Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox & Wilcox

  19. Origin State>> CA ID ID ID IL MD NM NM NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NY OH TN TN TN, WA, CA TN TN TN TX Total Shipments by Route Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Batelle Energy Alliance Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Argonne National Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground Sandia National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Duratek/Energy Solutions Babcox & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12 Plant Materials & Energy Corporation (M&EC) Perma-Fix

  20. Comverge | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Newark, California Zip: 94560 Region: Bay Area Sector: Efficiency Product: Utility demand response system provider Website: www.comverge.com Coordinates: 37.521609,...

  1. Hudson County, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County, New Jersey Bayonne, New Jersey East Newark, New Jersey Guttenberg, New Jersey Harrison, New Jersey Hoboken, New Jersey Jersey City, New Jersey Kearny, New Jersey Secaucus,...

  2. Systems for Solar Fuels Generation Utilizing PV and Electrolysis Workshop

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Newark, Delaware) - JCAP Systems for Solar Fuels Generation Utilizing PV and Electrolysis Workshop (Newark, Delaware) Systems for Solar Fuels Generation Utilizing PV and Electrolysis Workshop (Newark, Delaware) Mon, Mar 7, 2016 11:30am 11:30 Tue, Mar 8, 2016 12:30pm 12:30 University of Delaware Newark, Delaware Frances Houle, "Solar Fuels Systems Research in the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis" March 6 80th Annual Conference of the DPG & DPG Spring Meeting

  3. O2Diesel Corporation formerly Dynamic Ventures | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    O2Diesel Corporation formerly Dynamic Ventures Jump to: navigation, search Name: O2Diesel Corporation (formerly Dynamic Ventures) Place: Newark, Delaware Zip: 19713 Product:...

  4. Innovation Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fuels Place: Newark, New Jersey Zip: 7104 Sector: Biofuels Product: New Jersey-based biodiesel producer which resulted from the merger of Hampton Biofuels and two other biodiesel...

  5. Department of Energy Announces Quadrennial Energy Review Public...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DC - The Energy Department's Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis will host a public meeting in Newark, New Jersey, on Monday, September 8, to receive stakeholder input...

  6. University of Delaware | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Newark, Delaware Sector: Solar Product: University with a research department leading a solar cell development consortium. Coordinates: 44.690435, -71.951685 Show Map Loading...

  7. Gibbs Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Gibbs Energy LLC Place: Newark, New Jersey Zip: 7103 Sector: Biomass, Hydro, Hydrogen Product: New Jersey based engineering service company specializing in research and...

  8. Public Service Enterprise Group PSEG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enterprise Group PSEG Jump to: navigation, search Name: Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG) Place: Newark, New Jersey Zip: 7102 Sector: Services Product: New Jersey-based...

  9. ©2013 Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation * University of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * Newark, DE 19716 * USA Pumping up the Biofuel Yield Researchers combine an advanced catalyst with a next-generation biofuel process to significantly improve the yield of ...

  10. Petersen Dean | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Petersen Dean Jump to: navigation, search Name: Petersen-Dean Place: Newark, California Product: California-based PV integrator and roofing company serving residential, commercial,...

  11. Chrome Deposit Corporation and the University of Delaware IAC: Another Energy Efficiency Success Story

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Following an Energy Savings Assessment conducted by the University of Delaware's Industrial Assessment Center, Chrome Deposit Corporation's Newark, DE plant is seeing significant energy savings.

  12. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0201,"WARREN G E",2,134,"MOGAS,BLND COMP",1004,"PERTH AMBOY, NJ","NJ",100,830,"SPAIN",247,0,0,"KINDER MORGAN LQDS TRMNLS LLC","CARTERET TERM",34,"NJ",1 0201,"WARREN G...

  13. 31808,"AECTRA REFG & MKTG",1,133,"MOTOR GAS, FINISHED UNLEADED...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    MKTG INC",7,134,"MOTOR GAS BLENDING COMPONENTS",1002,"ALBANY, NY","NEW YORK",1,830,"SPAIN",344,0,0,"UNKNOWN PROCESSOR-NJ","UNKNOWN PROCESSOR-NJ","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1...

  14. Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the program has been managed by the NJ Board of Public Utilities (BPU) as a part of its Clean Energy Program. Applications should be directed to NJ BPU instead of NJ Economic...

  15. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- International Nickel Co - Bayonne

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Laboratories - NJ 17 Nickel Co - Bayonne Laboratories - NJ 17 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: International Nickel Co., Bayonne Laboratories (NJ.17 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Bayonne , New Jersey NJ.17-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 NJ.17-1 Site Operations: Conducted research on the nickel plating of uranium metal. NJ.17-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to limited scope

  16. BPA-2013-00088-FOIA Response

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Support NJO Jim Johnson Performance People Partnerships Information Technology - NJ Scott Ducar Chief Technology Officer Information Technology NJ Larry Buttress Chief...

  17. BPA-2013-01028-FResponse

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Support NJO Jim Johnson Performance People Partnerships Information Technology - NJ Scott Ducar Chief Technology Officer Information Technology NJ Larry Buttress Chief...

  18. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... the SPL measurements. less September 2011 , IEEE , Piscataway, NJ, United States(US). ... for potential injuries. less September 2011 , IEEE , Piscataway, NJ, United States(US). ...

  19. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... congestion at key times. less December 2014 , IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, United States(US). ... of the proposed strategy. less June 2014 , IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, United States(US). ...

  20. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... presented. less November 2008 , IEEE Service Center, Piscataway, NJ, United States(US). ... November 2007 , IEEE , Piscataway, NJ, United States(US). Imaging and Radiography with ...

  1. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bell Telephone Laboratories - Murray

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Hill - NJ 0-04 Bell Telephone Laboratories - Murray Hill - NJ 0-04 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: BELL TELEPHONE LABORATORIES - MURRAY HILL (NJ.0-04 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New Jersey NJ.0-04-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.0-04-1 Site Operations: Research and development operation. NJ.0-04-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Insufficient information to support further consideration under FUSRAP NJ.0-04-1 Radioactive

  2. Print

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    < 5k 0 < 50k < 100k < 250k < 500k < 1M > 1M > 5M > 10M DE MD DC MA RI NJ AZ UT WY ID OR WA CA TX OK KS CO NE SD ND MN WI IL IA MO AR LA MS AL FL GA TN KY IN OH MI ME NH CT VT NY PA WV VA NC SC MT AK HI NV NM Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Procured Materials and Services 2015 (> $35M) Small business procurements in US: $14.73M

  3. Annual Energy Outlook 2015 - Appendix B

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2015 Regional maps Figure F4. Oil and gas supply model regions F-5 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Regional maps Figure F4. Oil and gas supply model regions Figure F4. Oil and Gas Supply Model Regions Atlantic WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR OR CA VT East (1) Gulf of Mexico LA Gulf Coast (2)

  4. Annual Energy Outlook 2015 - Appendix F

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2015 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Analysis. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Outlook 2010 213 Appendix F Regional Maps Figure F1. United States Census Divisions Pacific South Atlantic Middle Atlantic New England West South Central West North Central East North Central Mountain AK WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT VT

  5. Annual Energy Outlook 2015 - Appendix F

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2015 Regional maps Figure F6. Coal supply regions WA ID OR CA NV UT TX OK AR MO LA MS AL GA FL TN SC NC KY VA WV WY CO SD ND MI MN WI IL IN OH MD PA NJ DE CT MA NH VT NY ME RI MT NE IA KS MI AZ NM 500 0 SCALE IN MILES APPALACHIA Northern Appalachia Central Appalachia Southern Appalachia INTERIOR NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS Eastern Interior Western Interior Gulf Lignite Dakota Lignite Western Montana Wyoming, Northern Powder River Basin

  6. padd map

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FL PADD 4: Rocky Mountain PADD 5: West Coast PADD 2: Midwest PADD 1: East Coast PADD 3: Gulf Coast PADD1A: New England PADD1B: Central Atlantic PADD1C: Lower Atlantic Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts AK HI WA OR CA NV AZ MT WY CO UT ID ND SD NE KS OK MO MN WI MI IL IN OH KY TN IA NM TX AR LA AL MS WV VA NC SC GA FL ME NH VT NY PA NJ MD DE MA CT RI

  7. DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Overview Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program DOE/CESA/TTC Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Webinar December 14, 2010 2 Examples of DOE-funded Partners and Locations - Fuel Cell Technologies Program TX NM AZ NC AR CA CO HI WA IL KY MA MN MO MS AL NV TN UT WV ID FL MI ND OR OH IN MT WY IO NE KS OK AK LA GA WI SC VA PA DE MD DC NJ NY RI CT VT NH ME SD Source: US DOE 12/2010 2 3 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges 4

  8. MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION TEMPLATE FOR THE 35TH IEEE PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIALISTS CONFERENCE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    STANDARDIZED APPROACH TO PV SYSTEM PERFORMANCE MODEL VALIDATION Joshua S. Stein 1 , Christopher P. Cameron 1 , Ben Bourne 2 , Adrianne Kimber 3 , Jean Posbic 4 , and Terry Jester 5 1 Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA 2 SunPower Corporation, Richmond, CA, USA 3 First Solar, Oakland, CA, USA 4 BP Solar, Fredrick, MD, USA 5 Hudson Clean Energy Partners, Teaneck, NJ ABSTRACT PV performance models are used to predict how much energy a PV system will produce at a given location and

  9. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.9 Educational Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    6 2010 Regional New Construction and Renovations Expenditures for Public K-12 Schools ($Million) Region New Schools Additions Renovation Total Region 1 (CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT) Region 2 (NJ, NY, PA) Region 3 (DE, MD, VA, WV) Region 4 (KY, NC, SC, TN) Region 5 (AL, FL, GA, MS) Region 6 (IN, MI, OH) Region 7 (IL, MN, WI) Region 8 (IA, KS, MO, NE) Region 9 (AR, LA, OK, TX) Region 10 (CO, MT, ND, NM, SD, UT, WY) Region 11 (AZ, CA, HI, NV) Region 12 (AK, ID, OR, WA) Total Source(s): School Planning

  10. Coupling quantum dots to optical fiber: Low pump threshold laser in the red with a near top hat beam profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, H.; Mironov, A. E.; Ni, J. H.; Yang, H. J.; Chen, W. W.; Dai, Z.; Park, S.-J.; Eden, J. G.; Dragic, P. D.; Dong, J.

    2015-02-23

    Direct coupling of the optical field in a ?244?nm thick, CdSe/ZnS quantum dot film to an optical fiber has yielded lasing in the red (? ? 644?nm) with a threshold pump energy density?nm diameter quantum dots deposited onto the exterior surface of a 125??m diameter coreless silica fiber, this free-running oscillator produces 134 nJ in 3.6?ns FWHM pulses which correspond to 37?W of peak power from an estimated gain volume of ?4.5??10{sup ?7}?cm{sup 3}. Lasing was confirmed by narrowing of the output optical radiation in both the spectral and temporal domains, and the laser beam intensity profile approximates a top hat.

  11. EV Community Readiness projects: New York City and Lower Hudson Valley Clean Communities, Inc. (NY, MA, PA); NYSERDA (ME, NH, VT, MA, RI, CT, NY, NJ, PA, DE, MD, DC)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  12. CX-002381: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Green Neighborhood Pilot Program - SCX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1Date: 05/13/2010Location(s): Newark, New JerseyOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  13. Phoenix Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Phoenix Fuels Place: Notts, United Kingdom Zip: NG22 9HB Product: Ethanol project developer based in Newark, Nottingham. References: Phoenix Fuels1 This article is a stub. You...

  14. Traveling to Princeton (NEW) - Combustion Energy Frontier Research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    may take a van shuttle service http:olympic-limo.com or 1-800-822-9797. From Newark Airport, the fare is 40one way. From Philadelphia International Airport, the fare is 89...

  15. 0101,"SPRAGUE ENERGY CORP",1,150,"MOGAS, REFORMULATED",0131,...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    REFG & MKTG INC",2,152,"MOGAS, OTHER FINISHED",4908,"PONCE, PR","PR",600,830,"SPAIN",230,0,0 0101,"TEXACO REFG & MKTG INC",3,152,"MOGAS, OTHER FINISHED",1003,"NEWARK,...

  16. CX-008587: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Replacing Traditional Electric Meters with Smart Electric Meters - City of Newark, Delaware CX(s) Applied: B1.7 Date: 07/23/2012 Location(s): Delaware Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  17. Wayne County, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Macedon, New York Marion, New York Newark, New York Ontario, New York Palmyra, New York Red Creek, New York Rose, New York Savannah, New York Sodus Point, New York Sodus, New York...

  18. CX-003463: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Carbon Dioxide Capture by Sub-Ambient Membrane OperationCX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6Date: 08/23/2010Location(s): Newark, DelawareOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  19. University of Delaware | Contact CCEI

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Address Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation University of Delaware 221 Academy Street Newark, DE 19716 Phone Number (302) 831-1628 Email efrc-info (at) udel.edu Visitors A ...

  20. Building Integrated Heat and Moisture Exchange

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Lead Performer: Architectural Applications - Portland, OR Partners: -- Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - Berkeley, CA -- dPoint Technologies, Inc. - Vancouver, BC -- Arup - London, United Kingdom -- ETH Zurich - Zurich, Switzerland -- Membrane Technology & Research, Inc. - Newark, CA

  1. University of Delaware | CCEI Spring Symposium Registration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Registration for CCEI's Spring Symposium Dates: April 10-11, 2016 (Sunday and Monday) Registration Deadline: March 18, 2016 (registration is required) Sunday's Venue: ISE Lab - University of Delaware (Newark, Delaware) Monday's Venue: Embassy Suites (Newark, Delaware) This event is for CCEI personnel, advisory board members and industrial consortium members exclusively (there is no cost to attend). CCEI is an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office

  2. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: John Hubert Associates...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    John Hubert Associates, North Cape May, NJ DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: John Hubert Associates, North Cape May, NJ DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: John Hubert ...

  3. 33269,"AECTRA REFG & MKTG",1,133,"MOTOR GAS, FINISHED UNLEADED...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    THE",19,840,"UNFINISHED OILS, HEAVY GAS OILS",1105,"PAULSBORO, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,830,"SPAIN",218,0,0,"COASTAL EAGLE PT OIL CO","EAGLE PT PLT","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 33269,"COASTAL...

  4. 36191,"AECTRA REFG & MKTG",1,152,"MOTOR GAS, OTHER FINISHED"...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    CO",35,840,"UNFINISHED OILS, HEAVY GAS OILS",1004,"PERTH AMBOY, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,830,"SPAIN",110,0,0,"TOSCO REFG CO","BAYWAY","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 36191,"TOSCO REFG...

  5. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Laboratory P.O. Box 451 Princeton, NJ 08543-0451 GPS: 100 Stellarator Road Princeton, NJ 08540 www.pppl.gov 2015 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. A...

  6. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Laboratory P.O. Box 451 Princeton, NJ 08543-0451 GPS: 100 Stellarator Road Princeton, NJ 08540 www.pppl.gov 2016 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. A ...

  7. Contact Information | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact Information Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory P.O. Box 451 Princeton, NJ 08543-0451 GPS: 100 Stellarator Road Princeton, NJ 08540 U.S.A. Main Telephone: (609) 243-2000...

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Middlesex Sampling Plant...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    7, 1984 NJ.04-4 - NLO Report (NLCO-733); The History of the Middlesex Sampling Plant; February, 1958 NJ.04-5 - AEC Memorandum; Consiglio to Gustavson; Transfer of Middlesex...

  9. Efficient Coupling and Transport of a Surface Plasmon at 780 nm in a Gold Nanostructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gong, Yu; Joly, Alan G.; El-Khoury, Patrick Z.; Hess, Wayne P.

    2015-08-28

    We studied plasmonic nanostructures in single-crystal gold with scanning electron and femtosecond photoemission electron microscopies. We designed an integrated laser coupling and nanowire waveguide structure by focused ion beam lithography in single-crystal gold flakes. The photoemission results show that the laser field is efficiently coupled into a propagating surface plasmon by a simple hole structure and propagates efficiently in an adjacent nano-bar waveguide. A strong local field is created by the propagating surface plasmon at the nano-bar tip. A similar structure, with a decreased waveguide width and thickness, displayed significantly more intense photoemission indicating enhanced local electric field at the sharper tip.

  10. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Deaf, 1060 Cerrillos Road, Santa Fe * Nov. 15, Taos Convention Center, 120 Civic Plaza Drive, Taos. Sponsored by the Fellows of Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Frontiers...

  11. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 14, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conventional MRI machines use very large magnetic fields that align the protons in water molecules to then create magnetic resonance signals, which are detected by the machine and ...

  12. FWP executive summaries. Basic Energy Sciences/Materials Sciences Programs (SNL/NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samara, G.A.

    1994-01-01

    This report is divided into: budget, capital equipment requests, general programmatic overview and institutional issues, DOE center of excellence for synthesis and processing of advanced materials, industrial interactions and technology transfer, and research program summaries (new proposals, existing programs). Ceramics, semiconductors, superconductors, interfaces, CVD, tailored surfaces, adhesion, growth and epitaxy, boron-rich solids, nanoclusters, etc. are covered.

  13. Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ...anni.carlotti@fisica.unipg.it ; Madami, M. 1 ; Tacchi, S. 2 ; Gubbiotti, G. ; Dey, H. ; Csaba, G. ; Porod, W. 3 + Show Author Affiliations Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, ...

  14. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Albuquerque, NM

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a New Mexico-based home builder who has built more DOE Zero Energy Ready certified homes than any builder in the nation. One example home achieved a HERS score of HERS 55 without PV...

  15. Sunna 535-nm photo-fluorescent film dosimeter response to different environmental conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Mark K.; Kovacs, Andras; Mclaughlin, William L.; Miller, Steven D.); Puhl, James M.

    2003-12-01

    Evaluations on the influence of environmental variabilities on the red fluorescence component of the Sunna Model? photo-fluorescent dosimeter have previously been reported. This present paper describes the environmental effects on the response of the green fluorescence component of the same dosimeter, which is manufactured using the injection molding technique. The results presented include temperature, relative humidity, and light influences both during and after irradiation. The green fluorescence signal shows a significant dependence on irradiation temperature below room temperature at 1%/C. Above room temperature (approximately 24C to 60C), the irradiation temperature effect varies from -0.1-1.0%/C, depending on the absorbed dose level. For facilities with irradiation temperatures between 30-60C and absorbed dose levels above 10 kGy, irradiation temperature effects are minimal. Light-effects results indicate that the dosimeter is influenced by ultraviolet and blue wavelengths during irradiation as well as during the post-irradiation stabilization period (approx. 22 hours), requiring the use of light-tight packaging. Results also show that the dosimeter exhibits negligible effects from ambient moisture during and after irradiation when in the range of 33-95% relative humidity.

  16. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes — Palo Duro Homes, Albuquerque, NM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This builder was honored for Most DOE Zero Energy Ready Homes Built in the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards. By July 2014, Palo Duro had completed 152 homes since the program began in 2013 (under the original program title DOE Challenge Home), all of them certified to the stringent efficiency requirements of DOE’s Zero Energy Ready Home program.

  17. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and the actual, rapid evolution of the virus (phylogenetics) within each patient's body. "We have developed novel ways of estimating epidemics dynamics such as who infected...

  18. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 18, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fukushima with cosmic rays should speed cleanup June 18, 2014 Los Alamos to partner with ... to safely peer inside the cores of the Fukushima Daiichi reactors and create ...

  19. Effect of heterostructure design on carrier injection and emission characteristics of 295?nm light emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mehnke, Frank Kuhn, Christian; Stellmach, Joachim; Rothe, Mark-Antonius; Reich, Christoph; Ledentsov, Nikolay; Pristovsek, Markus; Wernicke, Tim; Kolbe, Tim; Lobo-Ploch, Neysha; Rass, Jens; Kneissl, Michael

    2015-05-21

    The effects of the heterostructure design on the injection efficiency and external quantum efficiency of ultraviolet (UV)-B light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been investigated. It was found that the functionality of the Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N:Mg electron blocking layer is strongly influenced by its aluminum mole fraction x and its magnesium doping profile. By comparing LED electroluminescence, quantum well photoluminescence, and simulations of LED heterostructure, we were able to differentiate the contributions of injection efficiency and internal quantum efficiency to the external quantum efficiency of UV LEDs. For the optimized heterostructure using an Al{sub 0.7}Ga{sub 0.3}N:Mg electron blocking layer with a Mg to group III ratio of 4% in the gas phase the electron leakage currents are suppressed without blocking the injection of holes into the multiple quantum well active region. Flip chip mounted LED chips have been processed achieving a maximum output power of 3.5 mW at 290?mA and a peak external quantum efficiency of 0.54% at 30?mA.

  20. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 27, 2015- Four Los Alamos National Laboratory...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    complicated problem by identifying, retrieving and analyzing smaller subsets of data. Hugh Greenberg, of the Laboratory's System Integration group, and his team of Los Alamos...