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Sample records for niue palau panama

  1. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Palau; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Palau, an independent island nation geographically located in the Micronesia region. Palau’s residential electricity rates are approximately $0.28 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), more than twice the average U.S. residential rate of $0.13 USD/kWh.

  2. SEDIMENTATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL RESERVOIR: COSMOGENIC NUCLIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Kyle K.

    SEDIMENTATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL RESERVOIR: COSMOGENIC NUCLIDE ESTIMATES OF BACKGROUND SEDIMENT, the reservoir to the Panama Canal. In addition to water, the headwater basins supply sediment that reduces the background rates of sediment generation in a tropical montane environment. Development of the headwaters

  3. The Panama Canal: It's all about connectivity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama Canal: It's all

  4. Community Interactions In Tropical Forest Restoration And Environmental Governance In The Panama Canal Watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweizer, Daniella

    2012-01-01

    AND ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE IN THE PANAMA CANAL WATERSHED Daniella M. Schweizer ABSTRACT Increased global

  5. Industrial Energy Conservation in Central America and Panama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oven, M. J.; Pashkevich, P. A.

    1985-01-01

    The Regional Industrial Energy Efficiency Project (RIEEP) is the largest and most comprehensive energy conservation effort in Central America and Panama. This paper describes the regional economic and energy situation leading up to the project...

  6. Bundling ecosystem services in the Panama Canal watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    regulation through carbon sequestration. The Panama Canal watershed is currently being reforested to protect not necessarily increase water sup- ply, but does increase carbon sequestration and timber production. water on dry-season water flows, timber production, and carbon sequestration across the watershed and to test

  7. Development of Panama as a logistics hub and the impact on Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muñoz, Daniel, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    The Panamanian government is executing an aggressive economic growth initiative to transform the country into a regional logistics hub, like Singapore or Dubai. Two elements of the initiative are expansion of the Panama ...

  8. Carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potvin, Catherine

    Carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation in Panama S E B) to estimate the carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation; and (3 show the potential for considerable carbon sequestration of tropical afforestation and highlight

  9. Domestication of the neotropical tree Chrysophyllum cainito from a geographically limited yet genetically diverse gene pool in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ingrid M.

    2014-01-01

    genetically diverse gene pool in Panama Jennifer J. Petersenincorporating a diverse gene pool. These results refute theof human influences on gene pools through selection and

  10. A Process Modelling Framework for Formal Validation of Panama Canal System Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Mark

    1 A Process Modelling Framework for Formal Validation of Panama Canal System Operations John) and will even provide for continued operations while sections of the canal system are undergoing maintenance. Design for automation in large-scale system operations is challenging because in addition to making sure

  11. Coupled climate impacts of the Drake Passage and the Panama Seaway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013 Abstract Tectonically-active gateways between ocean basins have the transport of salt by ocean circulation, with the Panama Seaway allowing fresh Pacific water to be imported Antarctica, even in the absence of land-ice feedbacks. These results emphasize the importance of tectonic

  12. A new species of Ptiloglossa from Mexico, with new records of Ptiloglossa cyaniventris from Panama and Costa Rica (Hymenoptera: Colletidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala, Ricardo; Engel, Michael S.

    2014-06-30

    A new bee species of the genus Ptiloglossa Smith (Colletidae: Diphaglossinae: Caupolicanini) is described and figured from Jalisco, Mexico, while new records are provided for Ptiloglossa cyaniventris Friese from Panama and ...

  13. Electrical power systems (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, Panama and Peru)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This 12-part set of reports contains market information on the following countries and topics: Brazil - potentiometers, steam turbines, gas turbines, electric generators; Chile - power systems; Colombia - electric generators; Dominican Republic - electric generators; Guatemala - power generation and distribution equipment, non-current carriers, electric generators, and turbines; Jamaica - power systems; Panama - power generation and control equipment; and Peru - power generation equipment. These reports have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  14. The Social Impact of the Development of a Copper Mine on the Ngöbe Bugle Indigenous Community of Cerro Colorado in the Republic of Panama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mezquita, Jose

    2010-11-23

    This dissertation explores the situations which have been taking place within Panama with regards to the emergence of a mining sector. A very controversial topic, this dissertation looks to analyse the social impact mining ...

  15. Agroforestry in Palau1 Ebals Sadang2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with coconut and betel nut. Also associated with these trees are bananas and papaya. Smaller fruit trees. Colocasia and Cyrtosperma taros are also planted between rows of coconuts. Even the walk- ways around information available at this time is the estimated acreage for agroforest and agroforest with coconut, made

  16. Palau - Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummary Areas ofEnergy On October 13,is a Request for Project<

  17. Palau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyInc the

  18. Early Bomb Radiocarbon Detected in Palau Archipelago Corals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glynn, Danielle; Druffel, Ellen; Griffin, Sheila; Dunbar, R. B.; Osbourne, M.; Sanchez-Cabeza, J.-A.

    2013-01-01

    bomb 14 C from surface thermonuclear weapons testing in theinjection of 14 C by thermonuclear bomb testing occurredwhere the largest US thermonuclear weapons test occurred on

  19.  EARLY BOMB RADIOCARBON DETECTED IN PALAU ARCHIPELAGO CORALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glynn, Danielle S; Druffel, Ellen R.M.; Griffin, Sheila; Dunbar, Robert; Osborne, Michael; Sanchez-Cabeza, Joan Albert

    2013-01-01

    bomb 14 C from surface thermonuclear weapons testing in theinjection of 14 C by thermonuclear bomb testing occurredwhere the largest US thermonuclear weapons test occurred on

  20. The internal tide off Panama City, Florida 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boston, Noel Edward James

    1963-01-01

    water. The phenomenon was also noted by slowly moving steamers but when their speed was in- creased to a few knots the resistance disappeared. This "dead water" effect was par'ticular'ly striking to Fridjof Nansen during his polar cruise in the FRAN...

  1. Panama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomar VenturesEnergyJit(CTI PFAN)

  2. Regional calibration of coral-based climate reconstructions from Palau, West Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborne, Michael C; Dunbar, Robert B; Mucciarone, David A; Sanchez-Cabeza, Joan-Albert; Druffel, Ellen

    2013-01-01

    of the western Paci?c Warm Pool. Climate Dynamics 33, 565–of the Paci?c warm pool: implications for ENSO. Sciencein the western Paci?c warm pool. Coral Reefs 29, 413–418.

  3. Synthetic studies toward palau򡭩ne and enantioselective total synthesis of biogenetically related (+)-phakellin and (+)-monobromophakellin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Shaohui

    2009-05-15

    -Alder Reaction and Tsv Reduction Heating diene 2.30 together with dienophile 2.3 in benzene at 95 ?C for 96 h in the presence of 2,6-lutidine, pleasingly led to the formation of a single regioisomeric Diels-Alder adduct 2.32 in 48% overall yield following...

  4. Progress toward the synthesis of (+)-dibromophakellin and congeners: proposed final stages for palau'amine synthesis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco-Torres, Francisco Miguel

    2009-05-15

    The pyrrole-imidazole alkaloid family of natural products illustrates the diversity of topographically unique molecules with potent biological activities that can be found in the marine environment. Thus, great interest ...

  5. Synthetic Studies Toward Selected Members of the Pyrrole-imidazole Alkaloids: Axinellamine, Konbu’acidin and Palau' amine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zancanella, Manuel

    2011-10-21

    of biosynthetic intermediates may offer clues about actual biosynthetic pathways, isolation of an increasing number of putative biosynthetic intermediates has also been extremely important in developing biogenetic hypotheses. The evolution of these pathways... NHN Cl HO Br Br 'dehydrophakellin' 8 'cis-ring juncture' H2N Cl HN N H HN N N ON H NH2N H H cis-12-chloro-11-hydroxy dibromophakellin (12) APPE (9) H 10a 10b H2N Cl HN N H HN N N ON H NH2N H H HO original...

  6. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01

    1993. Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las1993. Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las

  7. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01

    offshore environments more influenced by oceanic conditions including seasonally strong windoffshore environments more influenced by oceanic conditions including seasonally strong wind

  8. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01

    of fringing reefs in Barbados, West Indies. Coral Reefs 3:Pleistocene coral reefs on Barbados, West Indies. Sciencecommunities on fringing reefs, Barbados, West Indies. Marine

  9. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01

    WF. 2001. Evolutionary paleoecology of Caribbean coralEds. ), Evolutionary Paleoecology: The Ecological Context ofto the wonderful world of paleoecology and for sharing your

  10. Panama-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomar VenturesEnergyJit(CTI PFAN) |

  11. Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPan African

  12. . 16 (9. ).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malta, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua

  13. -TOEFL ITP -(S-TOPIK, TOEFL, IELTS, TEPS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malta, Ma uritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua

  14. Alteration of volcaniclastic debris and basalts in a submarine remnant arc: deep sea drilling project site 448, Palau-Kyushu Ridge, Philippine Sea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrich, Jeffrey Brooks

    1983-01-01

    and tholeiitic glass 14 days 200'-500'C 500-800 bars smectite, anhydrite, albite, tremolite-actinolite, chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, hematite. fluid became acidic rock ? + Mg, Na, N 0 Ca, K, Fe, Mn, Si, Ca Bischoff and Dickson (1975) basalt glass 4752... to matrix ratio is seldom less than 2:1 and frequently as high 27 as 5:1. The matrix composition varies considerably from nannofossil chalk in Unit 10 to extremely altered basalt glass s'nards in Unit 44. Smectite clays are cosssonly the primary...

  15. Community Interactions In Tropical Forest Restoration And Environmental Governance In The Panama Canal Watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweizer, Daniella

    2012-01-01

    politics and economics as the core of environmental issues (environmental degradation, with the role that politics and economics play on those issues.

  16. The Key to All the Indies: Defense of the Isthmus of Panama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuBard, Bryana

    2013-04-09

    to Nombre de Dios until 1597, and after that to Portobelo. Once the bullion arrived at the Caribbean port cities it was transferred to the ships of the Armada de la Guardia de la Carrera de Indias and shipped across the Atlantic to the royal coffers of Spain...

  17. Geomorphic Evaluation of Radar Imagery of Southeastern Panama and Northwestern Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Anthony J.

    1971-02-01

    Layover. • • • • • • • • • • • • 35 2.4 2.5 Radar Power Return. . • • • • • • • • • • • • • • · . . 2.4. 1 Slope Determination from Radar Power Return. • Radar Shadow . • • ... . • . • • . . .* ~ • • • • • • • 2.5. 1 Types of Elevated Terrain... Features within the Study Area • • 79 3.3. 1.1 Shoreline Coastal Configuration. 79 3.3.1.2 Tidal Flats. . . . • • • . . • . • .• 79 3.3.1.3 Mangrove Coasts • . 0 • • • • 0 82 3.3.1.4 Beach Ridges and Wave Refraction.. 82 3.3. 1.5 Barrier Reefs and Surf...

  18. Desiccation Tolerance of Five Tropical Seedlings in Panama. Relationship to a Field Assessment of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coley, Phyllis

    -pressure flowmeter, and whole-stem hydraulic conductance was measured by a vacuum chamber method. Leaf punches (5 stages, from slightly wilted to dead. Saturated root hydraulic conductance was measured with a high

  19. Prudence in Panama: George H.W. Bush, Noriega, and economic aid, May 1989-May 1990 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanton, Troy Franklin

    2007-04-25

    -month period between May 1989 and May 1990. It was the first military action without Cold War priorities for the United States and first attempt at economic restoration in what would become standard practice for later administrations. Scholars have...

  20. Long-Term Sediment Generation Rates for the Upper Rio Chagres Basin: Implications for Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Kyle K.

    Chapter 19 Long-Term Sediment Generation Rates for the Upper Rio Chagres Basin: Implications: We measured in situ-produced cosmogenic 10 Be in 17 sand-sized sediment samples (0.25 to 0.85 mm) to estimate the rate and distribution of sediment generation in the upper Chagres watershed over the last 10

  1. Community Interactions In Tropical Forest Restoration And Environmental Governance In The Panama Canal Watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweizer, Daniella

    2012-01-01

    2008. Plan de desarrollo sostenible y gestion integrada deWatershed (Plan de Desarrollo Sostenible y Gestion Integrada

  2. The Immature Stages of the Subfamily Phlebotominae in Panama (Diptera: Psychodidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Wilford J.

    1968-01-01

    , as well as mold and other micro-organisms, might readily be utilised by the larvae, judging from observations of laboratory cultures. P. panamensls has been observed feeding cm moist lichens, and several species readily feed on certain molds.... jpanamensis, etc.). In laboratory cultures mites, if in large numbers, will attack the larvae and on at least one occasion a small species of ant obtained entrance and killed several larvae. Molds ordinarily are not troublesome except for certain species...

  3. Bridging the gap : boundary-less bureaucrats and gang reintegration in Panama City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeManche, Paul J. D. (Paul Joseph Drake)

    2013-01-01

    In a small and shrinking world there is pressure for planners and policymakers across the globe to import policy and program models that have worked in other cities and countries. Often lost in the process of transporting ...

  4. The Implications of Panama Canal Expansion to U.S. Ports and Coastal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Shipbuilding Trends .............................................................................5 Vessel

  5. Opportunities and challenges of investing in emerging markets : a case study of Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganster, Marianne (Marianne Theresa)

    2007-01-01

    Many Real Estate investment firms are looking to the world's emerging economies in their real estate investment strategies to seek optimal returns in opaque or inefficient markets. Although these investments carry increased ...

  6. Panama-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpen Energy Information

  7. Abstract This paper is part of a two-year study to investigate the feasibility of initiating a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project in an indigenous com-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada H. Barrios Universidad de Panama´, Panama´, Panama´ J. Guainora Æ J. Rui´z Ipeti´-Embera´, Panama´, Panama´ C. Potvin Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute / Accepted: 26 September 2006 Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006 #12;suggest that the total carbon

  8. The sweet burnt smell of history : a self-reflexive analysis on the conception of the 8th Panama Biennial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arriola Ranc, Magali

    2009-01-01

    utopian goal. ” 24 The White City is generally recognized for its contribution to urban planning, arts, and architecture,

  9. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Missouri Montana N. Mariana Islands Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Palau Pennsylvania Puerto...

  10. 5, 47014738, 2005 The importance of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ACPD 5, 4701­4738, 2005 The importance of mesoscale to forecast air pollution J. L. Palau et al and Physics Discussions The importance of meteorological scales to forecast air pollution scenarios. 4701 #12;ACPD 5, 4701­4738, 2005 The importance of mesoscale to forecast air pollution J. L. Palau et

  11. Combating Child Labor through DESTINO - Reducing Child Labor in Panama: An Impact Evaluation of a Department of Labor-Funded Initiative 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andisha, Nasir; Chiquito-Saban, Oscar; Emmerich, Eduardo; Figueroa, Aurelia; Jiang, Yuewen; Hui-Lee, Jun; Manning, Darren; Ortega-Sanchez, Alejandra

    2009-01-01

    The Western Ledge Reef Wreck, discovered and later excavated in Bermuda between 1989 and 1991, is a prime example of Iberian shipbuilding within a broader Atlantic context. Operating during the late 16th-century, arguably ...

  12. The potential for tropical restoration legume and non-legume trees to suppress the invasive C4 grass Saccharum spontaneum in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Justin

    2013-01-01

    Allelopathic effects of Eucalyptus citriodora on AmaryllisReview on alleopathy of Eucalyptus L'Herit. Boletin de la1997. Allelopathic effect of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. on

  13. Forests, Gardens, and Fisheries in an Ancient Chiefdom: Paleoethnobotany and Zooarchaeology at Sitio Drago, a Late Ceramic Period Village in Bocas del Toro, Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Lana

    2015-01-01

    editors) 2015a Tikal: Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City.at Tikal. In Tikal: Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City,at Tikal. In Tikal: Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City,

  14. Larval ecology and synchronous reproduction of two crustacean species : Semibalanus balanoides in New England, USA and Gecarcinus quadratus in Veraguas, Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyory, Joanna

    2011-01-01

    The environmental cues for synchronous reproduction were investigated for two highly abundant, ecologically important crustacean species: the temperate acorn barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides, and the tropical terrestrial ...

  15. The potential for tropical restoration legume and non-legume trees to suppress the invasive C4 grass Saccharum spontaneum in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Justin

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science-Zeitschrift Fur AckerJournal of Agronomy and Crop Science- Zeitschrift Fur Ackerby Leguminous crops. Grass and Forage Science 38:1-11. He,

  16. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marianas Islands, Palau, and American Samoa. Retrieval Terms: Agricultural systems, cropping experiments Methodologies and Applications for Pacific Pacific Southwest Island AgroforestryResearch Station General and applications for Pacific Island agroforestry; July 16-20, 1990; Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States

  17. CX-004419: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Panama City Lighting Replacement ProgramCX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1Date: 12/07/2009Location(s): Panama City, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  18. Story I: Indian Children Cross Illegally in Growing Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Nancy Y

    2011-01-01

    to Panama, then through Guatemala and Mexico,” said Suamhirsthe next country. Once in Guatemala, individual children are

  19. Overcoming 'Other-ness' : a comparative analysis of transnational activist collective identity formation among World Social Forum activists and HIV/AIDS healthworkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohler, Kristopher Michael; Kohler, Kristopher Michael

    2012-01-01

    are from Panama and Barbados. 391 Another healthworker is ainterview, June 5, 2008 Barbados native N.G. interview, July

  20. Analysis of the ecology of Anchialine Caves using carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohlman, John William

    1995-01-01

    are coastal and defined, in part, by the halocline that bisects the passages. Objects appearing in the figure are not drawn to scale. Page 2 Map of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico showing the locations of cave systems where samples were collected. The n... (Holthius 1973). The second anchialine habitat described by Illife (1992a) is coastal tectonic faults penetrating below sea level. These fissures are common to the Galapagos Islands, have been identified on the island of Niue in the Central Pacific...

  1. M MS 93-0047 Long-term Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    OCS Study M MS 93-0047 Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama Synthesis-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Synthesis Report Panama Volume I: Executive Summary Editors. Jackson, eds. 1993. Long-term assessment of the oil spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama, synthesis report

  2. MMS 93-0048 Long-term Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    OCS Study MMS 93-0048 Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama Synthesis-0048 Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama Synthesis Report Volume II: Technical. and J. B. C. Jackson, eds. 1993. Long-term assessment of the oil spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama

  3. Virginia H. Dale | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    applied in Brazil, Guatemala, and Panama. She has worked on developing tools for resource management; vegetation recovery subsequent to disturbances; effects of air pollution and...

  4. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; United Kingdom; United States of America Convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary; Mauritania; Mexico; Morocco; Namibia; Nepal; Netherlands; New Zealand; Niger; Norway; Pakistan; Panama; Papua

  5. FMBl Nr. 1/20152 nderungder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Panama 28 101 Papua-Neuguinea 30 90 Paraguay 30 61 Peru 25 93 Philippinen 25 107 Polen - Breslau 27 92

  6. Americans Abroad: A Global Diaspora?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croucher, Sheila

    2012-01-01

    D. “Confederate Migration to Mexico. ” Hispanic AmericanHarmon, “Confederate Migration to Mexico,” Hispanic AmericanUS Retirement Migration to Mexico and Panama. Washington,

  7. The Gringos are Coming, The Gringos are Coming...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schafran, Alex

    2008-01-01

    US Retirement Migration to Mexico and Panama; Bosque, Rau lseasona l migration from Canada to the USA and Mexico. Athat this migration will have on Mexico, most commentators

  8. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Albania, Australia, Barbados*, Bhutan, Burkina Faso*,countries (Bahamas, Barbados, Iran, Panama, and Trinidad andArgentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia (Plurinational

  9. Channing Huntington

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    working and traveling from April to November. I've visited Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Panama, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore,...

  10. DOE's Program Regulating Liquefied Natural Gas Export Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of...

  11. Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Panama Mongolia T.F.Y.R. of Macedonia Andorra Bahamas Cubambodia* eria e F.Y.R. of Macedonia ypt man* prus minican

  12. UNIVERSITAT DE BARCELONA Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estalella, Robert

    UNIVERSITAT DE BARCELONA Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia Star Formation in Cluster Meteorologia Bienni 2000­2002 Mem`oria presentada per Aina Palau Puigvert per optar al grau de Doctora en Ci el millor de mi: just do your best! En el Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, he rebut molt per

  13. This major offers students a range of options for studies related to the environment. All programs are highly interdisciplinary, with faculty and courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leahy, Richard M.

    on Guam and Palau investigating important environmental issues such as ecologically sustainable and environmental management. POSC 270: Introduction to Environmental Law and Politics -- Overview of environmental Environment POSC 270: Introduction to Environmental Law and Politics PSYC 274: Statistics I ENST 320a

  14. This major couples work targeted at the 2015 MCAT revision with an emphasis on resource sustainability and conservation. Students measure the health impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leahy, Richard M.

    on Guam and Palau investigating important environmental issues such as ecologically sustainable tools and issues that affect natural resource use and environmental management. ENST 495: Senior and resolve a major environmental problem facing a particular region or target population. IR 323: Politics

  15. Remote Camera and Trapping Survey of the Deep-water Shrimps Heterocarpus laevigatus and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote Camera and Trapping Survey of the Deep-water Shrimps Heterocarpus laevigatus and H. ensifer and the Geryonid Crab Chaceon granulatus in Palau W. B. SAUNDERS and LEE C. HASTIE Introduction Deep-water bottom pilot efforts di rected at evaluating economic poten tial of deep-water shrimps (King, 1980, 1982, 1984

  16. Leg 190 Preliminary Report58 Eurasian plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philippine Sea plate ~4 cm/yr Shikoku Basin Fossilspreadingridge Kyushu-PalauRidge 132°E 134° 136° 138° 140 Eurasia plate Pacific plate Philippine Sea plate 70 Ma 30 Ma Eurasia plate Kula plate (?) 17 Ma Japan Sea) proto-Izu Bonin arc Japan Sea Shikoku Basin Philippine Sea plate Eurasia plate Eurasia plate Shimanto

  17. The depth of the tropical Pacific Ocean's warm surface layer shrank during the last three

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanik, Mehmet Fatih

    The depth of the tropical Pacific Ocean's warm surface layer shrank during the last three decades Pacific Ocean, off an island in Palau. They analysed the ratio of nitrogen and carbon isotopes.1029/2010GL044867 (2010) OceanOgraphy Cold water rising in the Pacific DrUg DeVeLOpMenT Worm surgery on a chip

  18. MMS 93-0048 Long-term Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    OCS Study MMS 93-0048 Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama Synthesis Service Gulf of Mexico OCS Region #12;OCS Study MMS 93-0048 bong-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia. Long-term assessment of the oil spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama, synthesis report, volume II

  19. SPECIALSECTION BIOTROPICA 36(1): 4051 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-1715, U.S.A. Jennifer S. Powers Dept. of Ecology Neotropical forests: La Selva, Costa Rica (LS), Barro Colorado Island, Panama (BCI), Cocha Cashu, Peru (CC, Costa Rica (LS), Isla de Barro Colorado, Panama´ (BCI), Cocha Cashu, Peru´ (CC), y al norte de Manaus

  20. COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT Authors Lorraine Gonzalez Madeleine Meade Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Energy Efficiency and Renewables Division Robert Oglesby

  1. LANL team wins best paper award at Sustainable Development Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The event drew more that 1,000 participants and speakers, including the presidents of Liberia, Malta and Rwanda; the First Lady of Panama; and U.N. Sustainable Development...

  2. Sustainable Development Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The event drew more that 1,000 participants and speakers, including the presidents of Liberia, Malta and Rwanda; the First Lady of Panama; and U.N. Sustainable Development...

  3. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  4. BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE. 87(3):275299. 2011 http://dx.doi.org/10.5343/bms.2010.1022

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pineda, Jesús

    of the Pacific coast of Panama. yet, in some coastal lagoons, barnacles are absent. we investigated pre- and post the abundance of larvae, their delivery to adult habitats, and their settlement, and (2) post

  5. The role of gap phase processes in the biomass dynamics of tropical forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chave, Jérôme

    Department, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand 4 Forest Environment Division, Forest Research Institute Colorado Island (BCI), Panama; Pasoh and Lambir, Malaysia; and Huai Kha Khaeng (HKK), Thailand). We show in incoming solar radiation, in

  6. DepartmentofScience&TechnologyStudies Department of Science & Technology Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    of Panama. Frogs and insects are proliferating in the abandoned architecture of U.S. empire. Tropical-human utopias where other species will flourish without us. As some conservation scientists harbor self

  7. Genomics of Climate Resilience (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bermingham, Eldredge [STRI-Panama

    2013-03-27

    Eldredge Bermingham of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute-Panama on "Genomics of climate resilience" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  8. Phylogeographic Patterns of the Intertidal Isopods Excirolana braziliensis and Excirolana mayana (Isopoda: Cirolanidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shuang

    2013-04-12

    in the Gulf of California. Adults of these isopods are distributed at the highest tidal levels, and phylogeographic studies of Excirolana in Panama and Chile have shown restricted gene flow among populations separated by relatively short distances...

  9. Modern Calibrations of Temperature and Nutrient Proxies for Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions in Tropical Mollusks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graniero, Lauren E

    2014-12-15

    that threaten the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Panama (Klaus et al., 2011; Aronson et al., 2014). Dredging for shipping in Bocas del Toro results in physical damage to these ecosystems (Seemann et al., 2014). Indirect consequences include the removal...

  10. Support.Strategies.Resources. learningcommons.sfu.ca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the West the Pacific Rim the Great Lakes the Caribbean 3. No article is used with some nouns Plural of mountains, islands, and lakes: the Pacific Ocean the Panama Canal the Ural Mountains the Fraser River

  11. Cost and Efficacy of Collective Action Clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Chenbo

    2015-01-01

    Sep-05 Aug-02 Nov-99 Ecuador Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistanbonds Panama Ecuador Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistan EcuadorSep-05 Aug-02 Nov-99 Ecuador Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistan

  12. Field Studies (Undergraduate) Programs, Courses and University Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    .4 Study Away On Your Own, page 8 3 Africa Field Study Semester, page 8 4 Barbados Field Study Semester, page 8 5 Barbados Interdisciplinary Tropical Studies Field Semester, page 9 6 Panama Field Study

  13. Field Studies (Undergraduate) Programs, Courses and University Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    .4 Study Away On Your Own, page 8 3 African Field Study Semester, page 8 4 Barbados Field Study Semester, page 8 5 Barbados Interdisciplinary Tropical Studies Field Semester, page 9 6 Panama Field Study

  14. Novel Application of Metering Pump on Diesel Aftertreatment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Guyan a The Bahamas Cuba Dominican Republic Panama Costa Rica Nicaragu a Honduras Guatemala El Salv ador T rinidad and Tobag o Jam. Haiti Puerto Rico (US) Greenland (Den.)...

  15. RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Committee Draft Guidebook Third Edition.D. Commissioner Associate Member Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive

  16. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    Syria Germany France Germany Turkey Venezuela Thailand EgyptGermany Japan Panama Japan Nicaragua Japan Mexico TurkeyTurkey Mexico Italy Grenada Cuba El Salvador Russia Afgha nista n Korea Germany

  17. Central American update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, S.F.

    1987-07-01

    The Central American Energy Resources Project is designed to help the countries of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama develop their geothermal resources. Auxiliary project goals are to increase economic development and employment in Central America; to provide a scientific basis for the private sector to develop natural resources; and to provide scientific training to in-country scientists, engineers, and technicians. The energy resources project began in March 1985. The progress being made in El Salvador (production well logging and geophysical operations), Panama (site selection for the first temperature-gradient well), and Honduras (well drilling of temperature-gradient wells) is summarized.

  18. 2005 by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Copeia, 2005(2), pp. 227245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wake, David B.

    , which is distin- guished by a pale, pigmented ring around the tail base and a unique combination´n Cacao, Prov. Guanacaste) to western Panama´ (near the For- tuna Dam, Prov. Chiriqui´) at elevations, pigmented ring around the tail base. Some specimens, however, have only a faint, lightly pigmented basal

  19. Published Ahead of Print 10 June 2011. 10.1128/AEM.05090-11.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, California 943053 Received 13 April 2011/Accepted 2/07/20/77.15.5458.DC1.h REFERENCES http://aem.asm.org/content/77/15/5458#ref-list-1at: This article cites 31 articles Division, University of Southern California, Wrigley Marine Science Center, P.O. Box 5069, Avalon

  20. The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute: Marine Research, Education,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collin, Rachel

    and diseases, the modes and tempo of species formation and diversification, evolu- tionary change within many experiment with a global reach to its biological impact, the formation of the isthmus of Panama between 15 the physical oceanog- raphy of each part. That event subjected the now-divided halves of the neotropical ma

  1. Kidney, liver and bone cadmium content in the western sandpiper in relation to migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidney, liver and bone cadmium content in the western sandpiper in relation to migration C. N. Mc the Pacific Coast, at stopover sites as the birds migrate north to Alaska and south to Panama. This study ingestion of metal bearing sediments.1 These sediment-dwelling organisms in turn are primary food sources

  2. Department of Mechanical Engineering 2014 Seminar Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Joseph B.

    a recent case study on the influence of the Panama Canal on global liquefied natural gas (LNG) markets, compressed natural gas for buses, residential natural gas, and high-end fertilizer while taking advantage a large-scale, Nash-Cournot equilibrium model for global gas markets funded by NSF, the U.S. Dept

  3. Nekton of New Seagrass Habitats Colonizing a Subsided Salt Marsh in Galveston Bay, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nekton of New Seagrass Habitats Colonizing a Subsided Salt Marsh in Galveston Bay, Texas SETH P Delwood Beach Road, Panama City, Florida 32408 ABSTRACT: Subsidence and erosion of intertidal salt marsh on this system is the extrac- tion of subsurface oil, gas, and water resources that has caused land subsidence

  4. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uriarte, Maria

    Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Auto´noma de Me´xico, Me´xico 04510, Mexico e Instituto de Ecologi´a y Ciencias Ambientales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la Repu´blica, Montevideo, Uruguay Institute, Av. Roosevelt 401, Balboa, Anco´n, Panama PL i Instituto de Silvicultura, Facultad de Ciencias

  5. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  6. VOLUME 128 JULY 2000M O N T H L Y W E A T H E R R E V I E W 2000 American Meteorological Society 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    , Papagayo, and Panama. Each jet is easily identifiable as locally intense offshore winds in the lee of low 1993 Satellite Observations of the Wind Jets off the Pacific Coast of Central America. Part I: Case College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon (Manuscript

  7. Energy and development in Central America. Volume I: Regional assessment. Final report October 1979-February 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-02-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  8. Energy and development in Central America. Volume II: Country assessments. Final report October 1979-February 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-03-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  9. Energy and development in Central America. Volume I: regional assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-02-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  10. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 6, NO. 3, JULY 2009 393 Evaluation of Morphological Texture Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Le

    imagery in a study area on the Caribbean coast of Panama. Morphological texture fea- tures are utilized at the confluence of the land­sea interface along low-energy coastlines and estuaries throughout the tropics@public.wh. hb.cn). L. Wang is with the Department of Geography, The State University of New York

  11. North Street Bridge, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania -washed out during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    land near Panama City Fla on the 9th the storm lost hurricane force and was downgraded to a tropical ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii #12;#12;Tropical Storm Agnes opening the 97 hurricane season developed off Mexico s Yuca tan Peninsula as a tropical depression on June 97 Three days later she was designated a hurricane After striking

  12. Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean Sedimentation: Investigating Constant Flux Proxies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ajay 1980-

    2012-12-03

    of dissolved 230Th concentrations (7.9-16.5 fg/kg) than that within Panama Basin waters (5.7-7.1 fg/kg). There is a progressive decrease, suggesting advection, in average dissolved deep-water (>1000 m) 230Th concentrations from the southernmost sites...

  13. Evidence for selection on coloration in a Panamanian poison frog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University, Durham, NC 27705, USA. ABSTRACT Aim The strawberry poison frog, Oophaga pumilio, has undergone in the strawberry poison frog. Keywords Aposematism, Bocas del Toro, coalescence, coloration, Dendrobates, Dendro in vertebrates occurs in the Bocas del Toro archipelago in western Panama, where the strawberry poison frog

  14. Colour and pattern variation of Oophaga pumilio in Nicaragua All articles available online at http://www.salamandra-journal.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vences, Miguel

    and Pleistocene phylogeographic origin of the strawberry poison frog, Oophaga pumilio, in Nicaragua Diana Galindo Abstract. The strawberry poison frog (Oophaga pumilio), occurring from Panama to northern Nicaragua, colouration. Introduction The Central American strawberry poison frog Oophaga pumilio has become an important

  15. 2015, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    couples. In recent years, samesex marriages have been recognized in Uruguay, Brazil Argentina Uruguay Haiti Belize Trinidad and Tobago Suriname Dominican Republic Panama Peru Mexico Brazil United States Canada 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 Approval of Same-Sex Couples' Right to Marry 95 % Confidence

  16. IN SITU EXPERIMENTS WITH COASTAL PELAGIC FISHES TO ESTABLISH DESIGN CRITERIA FOR ELECTRICAL FISH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IN SITU EXPERIMENTS WITH COASTAL PELAGIC FISHES TO ESTABLISH DESIGN CRITERIA FOR ELECTRICAL FISH of a scale electrical harvesting system were conducted off Panama City, Fla. with both captured and wild- tional Marine Fisheries Service has been engaged in the design and development of an electrical

  17. Markov Decision Processes: Models, Methods, Directions and Open Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shwartz, Adam

    , the use of optimization models for the operation of multipurpose reser- voir systems does not seem as in the Panama canal and the St-Lawrence seaway. Throughout the twentieth cen- tury, hydroelectric production has), and their optimization by stochastic dynamic programming (SDP). The #12;rst discussion of reservoir management

  18. Peromyscus mexicanus (Rodentia: Cricetidae) ANA LILIA TRUJANO-ALVAREZ AND SERGIO TICUL ALVAREZ-CASTAN~ EDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayssen, Virginia

    , Me´xico; sticul@cibnor.mx (STA-C) Abstract: Peromyscus mexicanus (Saussure, 1860) is a medium the tropical lowlands of Mexico to Panama and it exhibits geographic and seasonal variation in coat color. Its deermouse, Mexico, peromyscine, rodent E 26 May 2010 American Society of Mammalogists Synonymy completed 1

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Population genetics and recent colonization history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markow, Therese

    into Central America and Mexico most probably includes a northward migration of individuals from Brazil Zaprionus indianus in Mexico and Central America Therese Ann Markow · Giovanni Hanna · Juan R. Riesgo. indianus in Mexico and Panama. Construction of a haplotype network showed that six COI haplotypes, obtained

  20. SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES IN FIELD SOILS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES IN FIELD SOILS J.M.H. Hendrickx, B. Borchers and J detection sensors are affected by soil properties such as water content, temperature, electrical measurements in the Netherlands, Panama, and New Mexico on spatial variability of soil water content. We also

  1. Solar-Powered, Liquid-Desiccant Air Conditioner for Low-Electricity Humidity Control: Report and Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean, J.; Kozubal, E.; Herrmann, L.; Miller, J.; Lowenstein, A.; Barker, G.; Slayzak, S.

    2012-11-01

    The primary objective of this project was to demonstrate the capabilities of a new high-performance, liquid-desiccant dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) to enhance cooling efficiency and comfort in humid climates while substantially reducing electric peak demand at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB), which is 12 miles east of Panama City, Florida.

  2. Potholes or Tolls? Perspectives on Transportation Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    passenger car fuel efficiency http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table Soybean Exports 44.5x106 metric tons Panama Canalhttp://nass Highway trust fund 1956 87% from motor fuels, rest from excise taxes; Waterways, Airport & Airways

  3. PostQuantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann Carlos Coronado Martin D oring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Abstract Digital signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other IT infrastructures secure. Digital, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama

  4. Post-Quantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann Carlos Coronado Martin Doring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Abstract Digital signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other IT infrastructures secure. Digital, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland

  5. This ICBG program links the discovery of drugs and genes for agriculture with biodiversity conservation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coley, Phyllis

    ABSTRACT This ICBG program links the discovery of drugs and genes for agriculture with biodiversity of Panama's scientific infrastructure for drug and gene discovery, the training of Panamanian scientists in the short- and long-term. INTRODUCTION Over 50% of the most common prescription drugs orig- inate from

  6. Telmaco Talavera Siles Presidente CNU / Rector UNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Nicaragua, Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade (MIFIC) & National Free Zone Commission (CNZF Free Trade Agreements United States, Mexico, Panama, Taiwan, Dominican Republic, Chile & European Union. ²Includes Sewage System. Sources: Central Bank, Ministry of Tourism and National Free Zone Commission

  7. Smithsonian Marine Science Network Michael A. Lang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    1 Smithsonian Marine Science Network Michael A. Lang January 2010 Smithsonian Office of the Under Secretary for Science #12;2 #12;3 The Smithsonian Marine Science Network is a unique array of laboratories of Panama. Smithsonian Marine Science Network www.si.edu/marinescience #12;4 #12;5 Importance Ocean

  8. Arch Microbiol (2006) 186:403413 DOI 10.1007/s00203-006-0154-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Arch Microbiol (2006) 186:403­413 DOI 10.1007/s00203-006-0154-0 123 ORIGINAL PAPER Negative control of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA #12;404 Arch Microbiol (2006) 186:403­413 123 changes

  9. Synthetic and Biosynthetic Studies of Natural Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ve?liz Chanis, Eduardo Alberto

    1992-05-01

    of 4-Demethoxy -A-Homodaunorubicin Analogs Part II. Biosynthesis of Coloradocin. Origin of the Carbons Part III. Total Synthesis of the Naturally Occurring Prenylated Bibenzyl Amorfrutin A Eduardo Alberto Veliz Chanis B.S., University of Panama... to the intractable behavior of some of the intermediates. Part II describes the elucidation of the biosynthesis of coloradocin by the use of stable isotopes. The major carbon chain is polyketide and derived from acetate-propionate and methionine as shown...

  10. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  11. Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P. setiferus conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego, Maria Eugenia de

    1984-01-01

    Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp'P; setiferus conducted by the Mational Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas. A professional paper by Maria Eugenia de Diego Submitted to the College... shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P, set1ferus conducted by the Nat1onal Marine F1sheries Ser- v1ce, Galveston, Texas. (December, 19843 Maria Eugenia de Diego, B. S. , Universidad de Panama Chairman of Adv1sory Committee: Dr. Addison L...

  12. Publications NTIS Tells Foreign, U.S. Fisheries Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    governments or companies. A copy of this report may be purchased (paper, $3.50; microfiche, $3 .00) by Augusl-06-012,21 pages, $3.50; Panama, .. Fishing Industry ," DIB 76-09-027, 26 pages, $4.00; Sweden, "Fishing In- dustry," DIB 76-02-002, 3 pages, $3.25, and "Fishing Industry," DIB 76-09-017,7 pages, $3 .50. The growth

  13. Cooking a Cuban Ajiaco: The Columbian Exchange in a Stewpot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cushman, Gregory T.

    2006-01-01

    , heat 2 tablespoons of lard (manteca) or ¼ cup of olive oil (aceite de oliva). Peel and crush 3 cloves of garlic (ajo); chop 1 large onion (cebolla) and 1 large, seeded green bell pepper (ají pimiento verde); add to the fat at medium- low heat and sauté... in the Age of European Exploration and Exploitation. Columbus himself traveled to the coast of Panama during his fourth and final voyage, though the first European visi- tors had already sailed a few years earlier under Rodrigo de Bastidas. On that particu...

  14. Geothermal activities in Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whetten, J.T.; Hanold, R.J.

    1985-09-11

    The Agency for International Development is funding a new program in energy and minerals for Central America. Geothermal energy is an important component. A country-wide geothermal assessment has started in Honduras, and other assessment activities are in progress or planned for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama. Instrumentation for well logging has been provided to Costa Rica, and a self-contained logging truck will be made available for use throughout Central America. An important objective of this program is to involve the private sector in resource development. 4 refs., 3 figs.

  15. Energy and development in Central America. Volume II. country assesments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-03-01

    This volume presents a country-by-country energy assessment of six Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. For each country it includes an assessment of geographic, social, and economic aspects of energy development, an assessment of energy resources, current and projected energy use, potential strategies for energy development, and finally recommendations to USAID for the orientation of its energy development programs. Each country assessment is supplemented with a summary of energy R and D activities and a description of each country's energy-related institutions.

  16. Central American resource studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Eeckhout, E.; Laughlin, A.W.

    1989-01-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working with five Central American countries to assist in the development of their energy and mineral resources. Since 1985, mineral resources in Costa Rica, peat resources in Costa Rica and Panama, geothermal energy resources in Honduras and Guatemala, and geothermal field development in El Salvador and Costa Rica have been topics of study. This paper presents an overview of this work -- within these proceedings are papers that deal with specific aspects of each topic, and these will be duly noted. 15 refs., 4 figs.

  17. (Mid-term evaluation of the Central America Rural Electrification Support program)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    1990-03-30

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was requested by Regional Office for Central America and Panama (ROCAP) to conduct a mid-term evaluation of the CARES project. Numerous meetings were held with National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) staff, ROCAP staff, and local officials in Guatemala, Honduras, and Belize. In general, the CARES project has been quite successful in a number of key areas as well as in soliciting support from utilities and US Agency for International Development (USAID) Missions. Changes were recommended in the area of report writing and some management activities. It was also recommended that any new activities be considered in the light of the availability of local personnel.

  18. Mid-term evaluation of the NRECA (National Rural Electric Cooperative Association) Central America Rural Electrification Support Program (CARES)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Jones, H.G. (Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (USA)); Garcia, A. III (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA). Dept. of Agricultural Engineering); Flores, E. (Flores (Edgar), Guatemala City (Guatemala))

    1990-09-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory was requested by the Regional Office for Central America and Panama to conduct a mid-term evaluation of the Cares Project, which is being implemented by the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. This evaluation was conducted over a three week period by a four person team. Overall, the project has had numerous successes and is highly valued by local counterpart utilities and USAID Missions. Notwithstanding the significant results of the project, changes can be made in certain operating procedures and in the direction of some programmatic activities that can lead to an even more effective project.

  19. The status of energy planning in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.R.; Fonseca, M.G.

    1991-08-01

    This report examines the current status of national energy planning in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama. A framework is provided that divides energy planning activities into two broad categories: the fundamental tasks'' and the bounding conditions.'' The fundamental tasks of energy planning include the gathering and systematizing of data, conducting energy situation analyses and short- or long-term planning for the country, and defining and implementing national energy plans. While the bonding conditions are situations that preclude completion of fundamental tasks, such as level of technical expertise. 20 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. Give and Take: Political Competition, Participation and Public Finance in 20th Century Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aidt, Toke S.; Eterovic, Dalibor

    -88; Mexico, 1953-93; and Panama, 1983-87. Societies with re- stricted su¤rage, but competition within the elite for political power are located to the Southeast. Examples include Argentina, 1890-1911; Chile, 1940-48; and Peru, 1942-54. [Figure 1: Classi... factions for political power. And we know that institutions determine the autonomy of the legislature and court system. What we don?t understand fully is how the di¤erent design of these political institutions impact economic and social outcomes. Crucial...

  1. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  2. Instrucci󮠎?ica (1587) by Diego Garc?de Palacio: an early nautical handbook from Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laanela, Erika Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    for coasting, to the galleons and massive naos used on the trans-Atlantic routes. By the end of the 16th century, the Spanish colonial administration had established shipyards in Cuba, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and Peru to meet the growing demand... of Nicaragua to oversee the construction of two Manila galleons.39 El Realejo was an entrep?t for trade with Peru and had an established shipyard assembling vessels for local and trans-Pacific routes. In 1560, the town was reported as having a population...

  3. The Paris Motor Show | Department of Energy

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  4. The Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  5. The Pennsylvania State University APPLIED RESEARCH LABORATORY

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  6. The RECS relies on the respondents to provide the energy related details of their homes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  7. The following organizations recognize that the Commercial Buildings Energy Consu

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  15. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  19. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  20. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  1. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  2. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  3. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  4. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  5. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  6. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  7. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  8. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  9. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  10. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  11. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  12. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  13. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  14. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  16. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  17. Central America and Cuba in the new world order

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, W.; Gilbert, L.

    1994-03-01

    In Central America and the Caribbean, as in many other parts of the world, military institutions are being forced to define new roles for themselves in the post-Cold War era. In recent times, developments throughout the region, including the dismantling of Panama`s military, the downsizing of the armed forces in El Salvador and Nicaragua, a call by the new Honduran president for military reform and renewed peace talks in Guatemala, suggest that the time may be ripe to reinvigorate earlier regional political organizations and to press for a new round of talks to achieve regional arms control. During the 1980s, the ideological struggle between East and West, reignited by the Nicaraguan revolution in 1979, dragged the entire region into conflicts that devastated the isthmus in terms of human lives and economic infrastructure. Indigenous struggles that had developed during the 1970s were suddenly thrust upon the international stage, becoming part of a larger drama between the superpowers. Conflicts in El Salvador, Nicaragua and Guatemala provided impetus for larger armed forces throughout the region. This growth was justified as necessary to defend the state from external intervention and the established order from internal subversion, goals which were seen as complementary.

  18. Central America and the Caribbean: No place for the unwary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodwin, L.M.

    1994-11-15

    Central America and the Caribbean have not enjoyed the same high profile as more prominent independent power markets like India and China. Indeed, only one country in the region appeared in a recent survey of the 20 most promising markets: Panama, with a projected demand for 2,040 megawatts (MW) of new capacity, was ranked twentieth. Nevertheless, taken as a whole, Central America and the Caribbean offer significant opportunities for new development. Projected incremental capacity needs in some of the larger markets in the region include: Costa Rica (700-1,000 MW), Dominican Republic (1,100 MW), Guatemala (450 MW), Honduras (225 MW), Jamaica (729 MW), Panama (2,040 MW), and Trinidad & Tobago (200 MW). These markets represent an aggregate potential demand of 5,750 MW - more than the projected demand in Colombia, one of South America`s most active markets. Yet although its need for capacity is significant, the region presents developers with unique challenges because it comprises so many relatively small countries, each with its own special needs and characteristics.

  19. Feasibility studies of a power interconnection system for Central American countries: SIEPAC project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez, T.; Enamorado, J.C. (Univ. Pontificia Comillas, Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Investigacion Tecnologica); Vela, A. (Empresa Nacional de Electricidad, Madrid (Spain))

    1994-06-01

    The electrical systems of the Central American countries are linked by 230 kV ac weak border interconnections forming two separated subsystems. The first one includes Guatemala and El Salvador, and the other one comprises the systems of Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. As a consequence, unrestricted energy exchanges among all countries are not possible. This article describes the SIEPAC project which consists of a 1,678 km long 500 kV ac power transmission line that would link the six electrical systems of the region through seven power substations (one for each country and two in Panama), installed close to the highest demand national centers and six control centers of energy (one for each country) to allow coordinated operation of the interconnection.This project also considers a set of complementary assets (230 ac power transmission lines into some countries and the border transmission line between El Salvador and Honduras, and various other equipment). The power transmission line will greatly reinforce the actual border interconnections, which have a reduced capacity of exchange and technical problems associated with the stability of a weak longitudinal system. On the other hand, economic savings for the region would be achieved, coming from a higher coordination level in the operation and planning of their systems.

  20. Energy Vulnerability Assessment for the US Pacific Islands. Technical Appendix 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fesharaki, F.; Rizer, J.P.; Greer, L.S.

    1994-05-01

    The study, Energy Vulnerability Assessment of the US Pacific Islands, was mandated by the Congress of the United States as stated in House Resolution 776-220 of 1992, Section 1406. The resolution states that the US Secretary of Energy shall conduct a study of the implications of the unique vulnerabilities of the insular areas to an oil supply disruption. Such study shall outline how the insular areas shall gain access to vital oil supplies during times of national emergency. The resolution defines insular areas as the US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau. The US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico are not included in this report. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) has broadened the scope of the study contained in the House Resolution to include emergency preparedness and response strategies which would reduce vulnerability to an oil supply disruption as well as steps to ameliorate adverse economic consequences. This includes a review of alternative energy technologies with respect to their potential for reducing dependence on imported petroleum. USDOE has outlined the four tasks of the energy vulnerability assessment as the following: (1) for each island, determine crude oil and refined product demand/supply, and characterize energy and economic infrastructure; (2) forecast global and regional oil trade flow patterns, energy demand/supply, and economic activities; (3) formulate oil supply disruption scenarios and ascertain the general and unique vulnerabilities of these islands to oil supply disruptions; and (4) outline emergency preparedness and response options to secure oil supplies in the short run, and reduce dependence on imported oil in the longer term.

  1. The energy situation in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

    1987-06-01

    This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

  2. Optical SETI Observations of the Anomalous Star KIC 8462852

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuetz, Marlin; Shostak, Seth; Richards, Jon

    2015-01-01

    To explore the hypothesis that KIC 8462852's aperiodic dimming is caused by artificial megastructures in orbit (Wright et al. 2015), rather than a natural cause such as cometary fragments in a highly elliptical orbit (Marengo et al. 2015), we searched for electromagnetic signals from KIC 8462852 indicative of extraterrestrial intelligence. The primary observations were in the visible optical regime using the Boquete Optical SETI Observatory in Panama. In addition, as a preparatory exercise for the possible future detection of a candidate signal (Heidmann 1991), three of six observing runs simultaneously searched radio frequencies at the Allen Telescope Array in California. No periodic optical signals greater than 67 photons/m2 within a time frame of 25 ns were seen. This limit corresponds to isotropic optical pulses of 8E22 joules. If, however, any inhabitants of KIC 8462852 were targeting our solar system (Shostak & Villard 2004), the required energy would be reduced greatly. The limits on narrowband rad...

  3. San Jose Accord: energy aid or petroleum-marketing strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-30

    The San Jose Accord was signed in San Jose, Costa Rica on August 3, 1980 by the Presidents of Venezuela and Mexico, whereby the two countries mutually committed to supply the net imported domestic oil consumption of several Central American and Caribbean countries. Countries initially participating in the program are: Barbados, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Seven eastern Caribbean countries were to meet on October 7 to petition for inclusion in the Accord, namely: Antigua, St. Kitt/Nevis, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada. The official language of the Accord is presented, and the operative status of the Accord two years after signing is discussed. Specific briefs about some of the individual countries in the Accord are included. The fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries is updated.

  4. International energy outlook. Volume 3. North and South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    Petroleum, coal, and hydropower resources are found, in varying degrees, throughout the Americas. Struggling to maintain or achieve energy self-sufficiency, many North and South American countries are undertaking major projects to develop these, and other, energy sources. This volume, Volume 3 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the development projects and energy trends in 12 countries of North and South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States and Venezuela. The range and detail of country coverage varies, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations and provides some historical background, its main emphasis is on estimates of future consumption and production, and descriptions of energy programs and plans. Plans in the Americas call for exploiting oil and gas where possible, and making major efforts to develop sources such as coal and hydropower that can be alternatives to imported petroleum. 33 references, 1 figure, 73 tables.

  5. (Power sector integrated efficiency program): Foreign trip report, August 1--11, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1989-08-18

    I traveled to Guatemala City to discuss host country and US Agency for International Development (USAID) Mission interest in an AID/Washington sponsored integrated utility efficiency initiative and to participate in a cogeneration conference. Discussions were held with USAID/Regional Office for Central America Panama (ROCAP), USAID/Guatemala City, the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM), the Empresa Electrica de Guatemala, and several members of the private sector regarding interest and the appropriateness of the proposed efficiency initiative. I then traveled to San Jose, Costa Rica to participate in a small scale hydro assessment study with a National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) engineer for a newly formed generation and transmission consortium. Data were gathered both on member cooperative annual, seasonal and diurnal energy demand, as well as engineering data for the site analyses. Meetings were held with the cooperative members; USAID/San Jose; and the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mines to inform them of our progress.

  6. Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT): 180 MW demonstration of advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO sub x ) emissions from coal-fired boilers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-03

    This quarterly report discusses the technical progress of a US Department of Energy (DOE) Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT) Project demonstrating advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from a coal-fired boiler. The project is being conducted at Gulf Power Company's Plant Lansing Smith Unit 2 located near Panama City, Florida. The primary objective of this demonstration is to determine the long-term effects of commercially available tangentially-fired low NO{sub x} combustion technologies on NO{sub x} emissions and boiler performance. A target of achieving fifty percent NO{sub x} reduction using combustion modifications has been established for the project.

  7. Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT): 180 MW demonstration of advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from coal-fired boilers. Technical progress report, third quarter 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-03

    This quarterly report discusses the technical progress of a US Department of Energy (DOE) Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT) Project demonstrating advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from a coal-fired boiler. The project is being conducted at Gulf Power Company`s Plant Lansing Smith Unit 2 located near Panama City, Florida. The primary objective of this demonstration is to determine the long-term effects of commercially available tangentially-fired low NO{sub x} combustion technologies on NO{sub x} emissions and boiler performance. A target of achieving fifty percent NO{sub x} reduction using combustion modifications has been established for the project.

  8. An energy atlas of five Central American countries. Un atlas energetico de cinco paises Centroamericanos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Newman, C.K.; Gurule, F.; Aragon, P.C.; Peck, C.

    1988-08-01

    In a series of maps and figures, this atlas summarizes what is known about the energy resources and how these resources and oil imports supply the energy needs of five Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. The main exploited energy resources are firewood, hydroelectric energy, bagasse from sugar cane residues, and geothermal energy. Limited oil exploration in the region has uncovered modest oil resources only in Guatemala. Peat and small coal deposits are also known to exist but are not presently being exploited. After the description of energy resources, this atlas describes energy supply and demand patterns in each country. It concludes with a description of socioeconomic data that strongly affect energy demand. 4 refs.

  9. Petroleum geology of Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America, from Guatemala to Ecuador

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scrutton, M.E.; Escalante, G.F.

    1986-07-01

    Exploration for hydrocarbons along the Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America has been limited and spasmodic. Less than 100 exploration wells have been drilled, with nearly 50 of these being in the Santa Elena, Progreso, and Guayas basins in Ecuador. Shows have been reported in some wells, and a few oil seeps are known. The only commercial production established to date has been from the Santa Elena Peninsula in Ecuador in the extreme south of the study area. Understanding of the geology in this part of the continental margin is incomplete at best. This paper reviews present-day knowledge in an attempt to define the sedimentary basins better, to characterize their structure and stratigraphy, and to assess their petroleum prospects. The area of continental margin reviewed is to the north, located northwest of the trench system where oceanic crust of the Cocos plate subducts under the Caribbean plate, and to the south, where the northern part of the Nazca plate collides with the South American plate. This plate tectonic setting forms the framework on which local structural and sedimentary events have created a series of relatively small trench-slope and forearc basins in what is now the coastal plain and adjacent offshore area of Central and South America, south or west of a line of mountain ranges with active volcanism. Sedimentary fill is generally of Tertiary age. The basins and subbasins recognized and described include: in Ecuador - Guayas, Santa Elena, Progreso, Valdivia, Bajo Grande, Manta, Muisne-Esmeraldas, and Borbon; in Colombia - Choco-Pacific; in Panama - Gulf of Panama basin complex (Santiago, Tonosi, Sambu), and Burica-Chiriqui; in Costa Rica - Terraba and Coronado/Tempisque; in Nicaragua - San Juan del Sur; and in the Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala - the Pacific coastal basin.

  10. A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulstrom, R.L.

    1988-02-01

    The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

  11. Tidal constituent database. West Coast of the United States and Eastern North pacific ocean. Technical note

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01

    This technical note describes a database of tidal elevation boundary condition information generated in support of the `Long-Term Fate of Dredged Material Disposed in Open Water` research of the Dredging Research Program (DRP), being conducted at the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. The database, described in detail by Hench and others (1994), allows the user to manually generate time series of tidal elevations or to use a program to access the full database to generate time series of both tidal elevations and currents for any location along the West Coast of the United States and Eastern North Pacific Ocean, extending from Seal Cape on Unimak Island, Alaska, in the North to Punta Parada, Peru, in the South. The land boundary includes the Pacific shorelines of Alaska, Canada, mainland United States, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, and Northern Peru. Although the capability to generate these time series was developed to provide input to the Long-Term Fate and Stability Model (LTFATE), the generated time series can be used for any application requiring tidal forcing data.

  12. Geothermal initiatives in Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanold, R.J.; Loose, V.W.; Laughlin, A.W.; Wade, P.E.

    1986-01-01

    The US Agency for International Development is supporting a new project in energy and resources exploitation for Central America. One of the largest components of the project involves exploration and reservoir development investigations directed at enhancing the production of electricity from the region's geothermal resources. An assessment of the geothermal resources of Honduras is in progress, and interesting geothermal regions in the Guanacaste Province of Costa Rica are being explored. Well-logging activities are in progress in the production wells at the Miravalles geothermal field in Costa Rica, and preparations are being made for logging critical wells at Ahuachapan in El Salvador. A self-contained logging truck, complete with high-temperature logging cable and logging tools designed for geothermal service, is being fabricated and will be made available for dedicated use throughout Central America. Geochemical and isotopic analyses of water samples collected in Panama are being evaluated to select a high-priority geothermal site in that country. Application of low- and medium-enthalpy geothermal fluids for industrial and agricultural processes is being investigated in Guatemala.

  13. Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-12-01

    Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

  14. FOSTERING MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF MEXICO, COLOMBIA, AND THE UNITED STATES TO ENHANCE THE PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, Nicholas; Watson, Erica E.; Wright, Kyle A.

    2009-10-07

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide from sabotage, theft or diversion. The GTRI program has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials including high-activity sources used in medical, commercial, and research applications. There are many barriers to successful bilateral cooperation that must be overcome including language, preconceived perceptions, long distances, and different views on the threat and protection requirements. Successful cooperation is often based on relationships and building trusting relationships takes time. In the case of Mexico, GTRI first made contact in 2005. The project then lost momentum and stalled. At the same time, GTRI’s cooperation with the Republic of Colombia was a resounding success resulting in the securing of forty sites; the consolidation of numerous disused/orphan sources at a secure national storage facility; and, the development of a comprehensive approach to security including, inter alia, training and sustainability. The government of Colombia also showcased this comprehensive approach to thirteen Central American and Caribbean countries at a GTRI regional security conference held in Panama in October 2004. Representatives from the Colombian government were aware of GTRI’s interest in initiating cooperation with the Government of Mexico and to facilitate this cooperation, they offered to invite their Mexican counterparts to Colombia to observe its successful cooperation with GTRI. Shortly after that visit, the Government of Mexico agreed to move forward and requested that the cooperative efforts in Mexico be performed in a tripartite manner, leveraging the skills, experience, and resources of the Colombians. As a result, 22 of Mexico’s largest radioactive sites have had security upgrades in place within 18 months of cooperation.

  15. Central American geologic map project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dengo, G.

    1986-07-01

    During the Northeast Quadrant Panel meeting of the Circum-Pacific Map Project held in Mexico City, February 1985, Central American panel members proposed and adopted plans for compiling a geologic map of Central America, probably at a scale of 1:500,000. A local group with participants from each country was organized and coordinated by Rolando Castillo, director, Central American School of Geology, University of Costa Rica, for the geologic aspects, and Fernando Rudin, director, Geographic Institute of Costa Rica, for the topographic base. In 1956, the US Geological Survey published a geologic map of the region at a scale of 1:1 million. Subsequent topographic and geologic mapping projects have provided a large amount of new data. The entire area is now covered by topographic maps at a scale of 1:50,000, and these maps have been used in several countries as a base for geologic mapping. Another regional map, the Metallogenic Map of Central America (scale = 1:2 million), was published in 1969 by the Central American Research Institute for Industry (ICAITI) with a generalized but updated geologic base map. Between 1969 and 1980, maps for each country were published by local institutions: Guatemala-Belize at 1:500,000, Honduras at 1:500,000, El Salvador at 1:100,000, Nicaragua at 1:1 million, Costa Rica at 1:200,000, and Panama at 1:1 million. This information, in addition to that of newly mapped areas, served as the base for the Central American part of the Geologic-Tectonic Map of the Caribbean Region (scale = 1:2.5 million), published by the US Geological Survey in 1980, and also fro the Northeast Quadrant Maps of the Circum-Pacific Region. The new project also involves bathymetric and geologic mapping of the Pacific and Caribbean margins of the Central American Isthmus. A substantial amount of new information of the Middle America Trench has been acquired through DSDP Legs 67 and 84.

  16. FOSTERING MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, COLOMBIA, AND THE UNITED STATES TO ENHANCE THE PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, Nicholas; McCaw, Erica E.; Wright, Kyle A.; Medina, Maximo

    2009-10-06

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide from sabotage, theft or diversion. The GTRI has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials including high-activity sources used in medical, commercial, and research applications. There are many barriers to successful bilateral cooperation that must be overcome including language, preconceived perceptions, long distances, and different views on the threat and protection requirements. Successful cooperation is often based on relationships and building trusting relationships takes time. In the case of Dominican Republic, the GTRI first received contact in 2008 from the Government of Dominican Republic. They requested cooperation that was similar to the tri-partite cooperation between Colombia, Mexico and the United States. Throughout the region it was widely known that the GTRI’s cooperation with the Government of Colombia was a resounding success resulting in the securing of forty sites; the consolidation of numerous disused/orphan sources at a secure national storage facility; and, the development of a comprehensive approach to security including, inter alia, training and sustainability. The Government of Colombia also showcased this comprehensive approach to thirteen Central American and Caribbean countries at a GTRI regional security conference held in Panama in October 2004. In 2007, Colombia was an integral component of GTRI multi-lateral cooperation initiation in Mexico. As a result, twenty two of Mexico’s largest radioactive sites have been upgraded in the past eighteen months. These two endeavors served as catalysts for cooperation opportunities in the Dominican Republic. Representatives from the Colombian government were aware of GTRI’s interest in initiating cooperation with the Government of Dominican Republic and to facilitate this cooperation, they traveled to the Dominican Republic and provided briefings and presentations which demonstrated its successful cooperation with the GTRI. Shortly after that visit, the Government of Dominican Republic agreed to move forward and requested that the cooperative efforts in Dominican Republic be performed in a tripartite manner, leveraging the skills, experience, and resources of the Colombians, and the financial and technical support of the United States. As a result, two of Dominican Republic’s largest radioactive sites had security upgrades in place within 90 days of the cooperation visit in December 2008.