Sample records for niue pakistan papua

  1. Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000). Fifty years of Pakistan ’s economy: Traditionalconcerns. Karachi, Pakistan: Oxford University Press.Languages of Pakistan. (2012). Ethnologue: Languages of the

  2. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland...

  3. Acid Violence in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zia, Taiba

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    women’s rights advocate in Pakistan believe that a woman canViolence Legislation in Pakistan,” Huffington Post, Octoberagainst Women in Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press,

  4. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Shiraz Jamal; Muneeb, Syed

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from various regions of Pakistan. J Coll Physicians SurgR. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Pakistan. Int J Dermatol. 2001cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan: a 6-year study. Int J

  5. Drowned carbonate platforms in the Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Gary; Silver, Eli; Day, Simon; Driscoll, Neal; Appelgate, Bruce

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subsidence caused by G. Hoffmann (&) Á E. Silver UniversitySea, Papua New Guinea Gary Hoffmann • Eli Silver • Simon Day

  6. Papua New Guinea: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on oil exploration which is booming in Papua New Guinea (PNG) following a rash of license applications and farm-ins. Most activity is onshore, but success is beginning to drift offshore. Currently, 40 petroleum prospecting licenses (PPL) and one producing license are active, and eight more PPL applications are being considered. PNG is expected to become an oil exporter by September 1992 when initial production is expected from Iagifu, Hedina and Agogo fields.

  7. The Dynamics of Moonlighting in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyder, Asma; Ahmed, Ather Maqsood

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Sciences and Technology, Pakistan January 2011 10945 LeDynamics of Moonlighting in Pakistan Asma Hyder and Ather18 March, 2010 Islamabad, Pakistan Institute of Development

  8. US-PAKISTAN STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US-PAKISTAN STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP A Track-Two Dialogue for Long-Term Security Cooperation FIFTH WORKSHOP REPORT #12;#12;US-Pakistan Strategic Partnership A Track-Two Dialogue for Long-Term Security-6201 ASCOinfo@dtra.mil #12;US-Pakistan Strategic Dialogue, Fifth Iteration 5 Table of Contents Table of Contents

  9. Review: "We Are Here to Stay": Pashtun Migrants in the Northern Areas of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Elena

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the vegetative resources of Pakistan’s Hindukush-Himalaya.groups in Swat, North Pakistan. American Anthropologistof Pashto-speakers in Pakistan’s Northern Areas: Different

  10. Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tuberculosis patients in Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc 2008, 58(of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. BMC Research Notestuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan Muhammad AN Saqib 1 ,

  11. Clinical spectrum of cutaneous leishmaniasis: An overview from Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bari, Arfan ul

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan: a 6-year study. Int Jof cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan. J Pak Assoc DermatolS. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan. Dermatol Online J .

  12. SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 02 Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest Digest ii Vol. 1, No. 2, July ­ September 2010 Quarterly Pakistan Board Dr. Urs Geiser Zurich University, Switzerland Dr. Mamoona Wali Muhammad Pakistan Forest Institute

  13. SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 01 Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest Digest iii Vol. 1, No. 1, April ­ June 2010 Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 01 ISBN: 2218-8045 April ­ June 2010 Contents P. No Introductions: Pakistan

  14. Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua's thesis dissertation ("Community structure of Au- chenorrhyncha (Hemiptera: Insecta) along an altitudinal

  15. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  16. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  17. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

  18. Pakistan's National Emigration Policy Maqsood Ahmad Jan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Pakistan's National Emigration Policy A Review! Maqsood Ahmad Jan Policy Paper Series # 35 December, Islamabad, Pakistan. Telephone + (92-51) 278134, 278136, 277146, 270674-76 Fax + (92-51) 278135, URL: www

  19. SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 03 Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest Digest ii Vol. 1, No. 3, October - December 2010 Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 03 ISSN: 2218-8045 October - December 2010 Editor-in-Chief Dr. Abid

  20. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergyPapua

  1. Cabbage : a new host of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum for Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    NOTE Cabbage : a new host of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum for Pakistan M. Siddique MIRZA Yasmin AHMAD National Agricultural Research Centre PARC, Islamabad, Pakistan. SUMMARY Sclerotinia rot of cabbage, Sclerotinia, identification, pathogenicity, Pakistan. RÉSUMÉ Le chou, un nouvel hôte de Sclerotinia

  2. Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan. Survey of populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan. Survey of populations Sulaiman HAMID Sind Sugar Industry Research Institute, 14-A, Latifabad III, Hyderabad Sind, Pakistan SUMMARY Aphids attacking gramineous crops were studied in seven climatically and ecologically different regions of Pakistan

  3. Pakistan's Beveridge Curve- an Exploration of Structural Unemployment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waqas, Muhammad; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Raza, B. (1991).Duality of female employment in Pakistan.The Pakistan Development Review, 30(4): 733-743 Sentitio43-57. Government of Pakistan, Federal Bureau of Statistics.

  4. Choreographing [in] Pakistan: Indu Mitha, Dancing Occluded histories in "The Land of the Pure"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslam, Feriyal Amal

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bloch, N. A. “Land of Pakistan: Perspectives, Historical andCrisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan. New Delhi: Routledge, 2010.University Press, —. Pakistan: A Modern History. Palgrave

  5. The Gendered and Sexual Politics of Excess in Nationalist Narrations of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minai, Naveen Zehra

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beyond Crisis: Reevaluating Pakistan edited by Naveeda Khan.Beyond Crisis: Reevaluating Pakistan edited by Naveeda Khan.Crisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan edited by Naveeda Khan.

  6. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh Ben Crow andIndia, tensions over water with Pakistan and Bangladesh mayso that both India and Pakistan could use the water, within

  7. A look at the Spatial Inequality in Pakistan:Case study of District Sargodha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali Asjad Naqvi, Syed

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organization, Government of Pakistan. National EducationBureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan. PopulationOrganization, Government of Pakistan. Appendix A: Official

  8. Girls' Education in Rural Pakistan: An Assessment of the Nonprofit Organization, Developments in Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Sarah A.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Women that helped her conduct her research in Pakistan.Crisis Group. “Pakistan: Reforming the Education Sector”.sector.pdf. Accessed February Pakistan Social and Living

  9. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BDPA, and Halcrow Pakistan (2003). Asian Development Bank TAof Statistics. (2004). Pakistan statistical year book 2004.Islamabad, Pakistan: Statistics Division, Government of

  10. US-Pakistan Strategic Partnership: A Track II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US-Pakistan Strategic Partnership: A Track II Dialogue By Feroz H. Khan and Nick M. Masellis #12;1U.S. Pakistan Strategic Dialogue (track II), Sixth Iteration US-Pakistan Strategic Partnership,974 PASCC Report 2012 002 #12;2U.S. Pakistan Strategic Dialogue (track II), Sixth Iteration The Naval

  11. Undergraduate Applicants from Pakistan These notes are intended for applicants from Pakistan who are considering applying to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talbot, James P.

    Undergraduate Applicants from Pakistan These notes are intended for applicants from Pakistan who are on the website) or email: pakistan@cao.cam.ac.uk Information on entry for postgraduate courses may be obtained Scholarship or would like to be considered for interview in Pakistan in November, your completed COPA and UCAS

  12. Indo-Pakistan Trade Cooperation and Saarc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghuman, Ranjit Singh; Madaan, Da Vinder Kumar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of India’s exports to Pakistan, Soyabean, p-xylene, iron ores, sugar, polypropylene, norfloxin, tyres, bidi leaves, and reactive coloured chemicals were the major items during 1985-2005. Their total share in India’s exports to Pakistan was 11.5 per cent... , etc. Pakistan has excess capacity of 3000 MW electricity which can be easily given to northern Indian states if the required arrangements are done. Prices of mutual trade items between the two countries are also competitive. It is estimated...

  13. Tactical cities : negotiating violence in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yusuf, Huma

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the relationship between violence and urbanity. Using Karachi, Pakistan, as a case study, it asks how violent cities are imagined and experienced by their residents. The thesis draws on a variety of ...

  14. Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    areas, nineteen protected wetlands, and a number of other protected grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and natural

  15. Enabling Syndromic Surveillance in Pakistan Ross Maciejewski1*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Ross

    Enabling Syndromic Surveillance in Pakistan Ross Maciejewski1* , Shehzad Afzal2 , Adam J. Fairfield/exercise planning capabilities for Lahore, Pakistan. The objective of this work is to address the infectious disease surveillance challenges (specific to developing countries such as Pakistan) and develop a collaborative

  16. Livelihood Assets Atlas Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Livelihood Assets Atlas Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan) April 2009 SDPISustainable Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan) Abid Qaiyum Suleri, Babar Shahbaz, Sahab Haq Rana Nazir Mehmood and Gulbaz Ali Khan Sustainable Development Policy Institute 20 Hill Road, F-6/3, Islamabad - Pakistan www

  17. Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1 V. E. Toma,1 and H.M. Kim1 Received 30 July 2010, a series of monsoonal deluges over northern Pakistan resulted in catastrophic flooding, loss, especially in North Pakistan was exceptionally rare as deduced from limited data. The location of the deluges

  18. octobre 2005 : le nord du Pakistan subit un violent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Editoria octobre 2005 : le nord du Pakistan subit un violent séisme suivi de cen- taines de'une vingtaine de ces hélico- ptères indispensables pour sauver les populations civiles. Mais le Pakistan, par Turquie ou au Pakistan1 . > Dans d'autres pays, l'importance donnée aux « canons » est davantage à usage

  19. Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan Mobile pastoralism According-West Frontier Province), in northern Pakistan. But the provision of these goods and services is at risk payments for ecosystem services. Case studies featured here were conducted in: Pakistan, Tanzania

  20. Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan II. — Aphids populations on maize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan II. — Aphids populations on maize Sulaiman HAMID Sind Sugar Industry Research Institute, 14/A, Latifabad III, Hyderabad Sind, Pakistan SUMMARY Maize in Pakistan is attacked by Myzus obtusirostris David, Narayanan & Rajasingh, Rhopalosiphum

  1. HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and correlates of injection drug use among drug users in Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    transfusion risks in Karachi, Pakistan. Int J Infect Dis.dis- orders in Pakistan. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1988;4:threat: HIV/AIDS policy in Pakistan. Health Policy Plann.

  2. Genetic structure of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum in the Bannu district of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khatoon, Lubna; Baliraine, Frederick N; Bonizzoni, Mariangela; Malik, Salman A; Yan, Guiyun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    adjoining with NWFP, Pakistan: district Zhob. Pak J Biol Sciof malaria in Pakistan [http:// 202.83.164.26/wps/portal/a malaria-endemic area of Pakistan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 9.

  3. The Sustainable Use and Conservation of Natural Resources: A Case Study of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Sohail; Mirza, Umar Karim

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51- 2230834,>, Ph.D. Scholar, Pakistan Institute of Engineering andNilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51-2207381. FAX:

  4. Employment Patterns among Women: A Comparative Study of Rural Malawi and Rural Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan, Amira; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shahnaz, L. (2002). How do women decide to work in Pakistan?The Pakistan Development Review,41(4), Part II:495-513.is 8 and 14 in rural Pakistan and rural Malawi respectively

  5. Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mian, Zia [Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

  6. Pakistan foreign policy formulation, 1947-65: an analysis of institutional interaction between American policy making bodies and the Pakistan Army 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soherwordi, Syed Hussain Shaheed

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines through the use of archives and oral evidence the role of the Pakistan Army in the context of Pakistan’s domestic politics and foreign policy. Its main purpose is to explore the autonomy of the Pakistan Army in shaping national...

  7. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission...

  8. Islamabad: The Struggle for Pakistan's Identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Eman

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ayub Khan declared the need for a new capital for a young Pakistan in 1958. General Ayub's desire required bringing about greater national unity by rejecting a cultural baggage of the past for a new national identity. This premise disqualified... an organic unity of form, structure, function, and materials. The building also makes use of barrel vaults as lightweight sun protection in the form of a ventilated double roof, though barrel vaults are not a common form of traditional construction...

  9. Asia Research Centre public lecture Pakistan and the challenges of a new decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asia Research Centre public lecture Pakistan and the challenges of a new decade Douglas Alexander of Economics and Political Science Wednesday 26 October 2011 Check against delivery http://www.labour.org.uk/pakistan that Pakistan will be high up in the in tray of whoever becomes Foreign Secretary in 2015. Pakistan is today

  10. Muhamad Tayyab Analysis of forest related development interventions in highland district of NWFP, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    , Pakistan Analysis of forest related development interventions in highland district of NWFP, Pakistan Summary Forests and rangelands in Pakistan provide important economic resources for the country as well as for the people living in the adjacent areas. Most of the natural forests of Pakistan are located

  11. Simon Thoma Implementation and Impact of the Millennium Development Goals on Development Policies in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    in Pakistan Implementation and Impact of the Millennium Development Goals on Development Policies in Pakistan are asked to make special efforts to move towards the Goals. Pakistan as a developing country faces many in Pakistan. The first research hypothesis states that the Goals do not have a direct impact on development

  12. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largelymore »dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.« less

  13. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largely dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.

  14. Pakistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, New York:Ozark,PacificPainesville, Ohio:Pakistan: Energy

  15. Marketing problems of farmers in Punjab, Pakistan : a case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, Qamar-ul

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The incentives which encouraged the author to undertake this research work stem from the need for such work. First of all, comparatively little information is available within or outside Pakistan concerning the origins and evolution of planning...

  16. Energy conservation and thermal comfort in buildings in northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Gregory Patrick

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hunza Valley, a remote area of mountainous northern Pakistan, is undergoing rapid change culturally, socially, and architecturally. Many of these changes are linked to the exchange of information and commerce facilitated ...

  17. Daughters of Eve : violence against women in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noor, Muhammad Jehanzeb, 1982-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to conduct extensive research on domestic violence against women in Pakistan and to present the results in a comprehensive document. Some of the issues investigated through fieldwork and covered ...

  18. Structural engineering for northern Pakistan : indigenous architecture and earthquake resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Jimmy Chi-yi

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Fall of 1993, a joint project began between architectural designers and engineers, for the design of houses in Karimabad, located in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. This thesis records the author's involvement as ...

  19. 118 Recent & Best-Selling Titles * Not for sale in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    118 Recent & Best-Selling Titles * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States PA: 978-0-691-09561-5 #12;Recent & Best-Selling Titles 119 * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale

  20. Pakistan Vt. J., 22(4): 2002 STRESS MANAGEMENT FOLLOWING VACCINATION AGAINST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pakistan Vêt. J., 22(4): 2002 STRESS MANAGEMENT FOLLOWING VACCINATION AGAINST COCCIDIOSISPathology, 'Department ofParasitology University ofVeterinary and Animal sciences, Lahore, Pakistan ABSTRACT The présent

  1. A contemporary architectural quest and synthesis : Kamil Khan Mumtaz in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Zarminae

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis looks at an important Pakistani architect's work and philosophy as a possible direction or approach for contemporary architecture in Pakistan. Although there are more prolific builders in Pakistan, Kamil Khan ...

  2. Together We Will: Evidence from a Field Experiment on Female Voter Turnout in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Together We Will: Evidence from a Field Experiment on Female Voter Turnout in Pakistan Xavier Giné Akbar at the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Program (PPAF) in Islamabad for their support

  3. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Argentina2 UM Guinea-Bissau L Niue UM Bolivia LM Kenya L Palau UM Brazil2 ** LM Lesotho LM Papua New L Chile of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). 4 Until the country becomes Associated to FP7 5 As defined by UNSC

  4. Using meteorological data to forecast seasonal runoff on the River Jhelum, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Hayley

    Using meteorological data to forecast seasonal runoff on the River Jhelum, Pakistan D.R. Archer a of Pakistan. Seasonal forecasts of spring and summer flow provide the opportunity for planning and would of Control between In- dia and Pakistan. The Jhelum then flows through the plains of the Punjab, where

  5. Multiscale analysis of three consecutive years of anomalous flooding in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houze Jr., Robert A.

    Multiscale analysis of three consecutive years of anomalous flooding in Pakistan By K. L. Rasmussen investigation into three years of anomalous floods in Pakistan provides insight into their formation, unifying for the formation of anomalous easterly midlevel flow across central India into Pakistan that advected deep

  6. Perspectives on types of schools from Ghana and Pakistan: revisiting the relationship between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiner, Ullrich

    Perspectives on types of schools from Ghana and Pakistan: revisiting the relationship between in both Ghana and Pakistan. While parents focus more on the economic opportunities that are becoming providers in the field of education in both Ghana and Pakistan. This has created a discernable rise

  7. Business Intelligence Modeling: A Case Study of Disaster Management Organization in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

    Business Intelligence Modeling: A Case Study of Disaster Management Organization in Pakistan Sohail Asghar Department of Computer Science Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, Pakistan e-mail: sohail@umac.mo Touqeer Hussain Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan e

  8. This article was downloaded by: [INASP -Pakistan (PERI)] On: 20 November 2014, At: 22:26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This article was downloaded by: [INASP - Pakistan (PERI)] On: 20 November 2014, At: 22:26 Publisher Genetics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e- Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan b Department of Biology of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan Published online: 19 Nov 2014. To cite this article

  9. Louvain-la-Neuve, le 27 janvier 2011 Hunza ! : images du Pakistan, par Benoit Sneessens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesterov, Yurii

    Louvain-la-Neuve, le 27 janvier 2011 « Hunza ! » : images du Pakistan, par Benoit Sneessens Du 1er trois ans, l'artiste a parcouru à pieds les sentiers escarpés de la vallée de Hunza, au Nord du Pakistan reportages à l'étranger, s'envole pour le Pakistan. Le but de son expédition : confronter l'image du pays

  10. School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST), Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huisman, Johannes

    (NUST), Pakistan Copyright © Syed Ali Khayam Intelligent Multimedia Coding over Oblivious Networking Universities of the World 6 No. 20 in ASIA NUST Declared as No. 1 in PAKISTAN (Source: Asia Week, Issue June 30-Asia-France, Korean Research Foundation, Pakistan National ICT R&D Fund 8 #12;Copyright © Syed Ali Khayam About

  11. University of Cambridge scholarships awarded to learners in Pakistan and India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travis, Adrian

    University of Cambridge scholarships awarded to learners in Pakistan and India 24 April 2012 We in India and Pakistan who have received an offer of a place at the University. The scholarships were to afford to go to Cambridge. University of Cambridge 800th Anniversary Scholarship for students in Pakistan

  12. ICTs, AN ALTERNATIVE SPHERE FOR SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN PAKISTAN-A RESEARCH FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ICTs, AN ALTERNATIVE SPHERE FOR SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN PAKISTAN-A RESEARCH FRAMEWORK Saqib Saeed of Pakistani civil society. We have studied a recent movement in Pakistan and found that people have started of an alternative sphere for information dissemination and mobilization in Pakistani civil society. In Pakistan

  13. New records of scyphomedusae from Pakistan coast: Catostylus perezi and Pelagia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morandini, Andre C.

    New records of scyphomedusae from Pakistan coast: Catostylus perezi and Pelagia cf. noctiluca Government Degree College, Malir, Karachi, Pakistan, 2 Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biocie-090, Brazil The present paper reports two scyphozoan species for the coast of Pakistan: the semaeostome

  14. Organizational Barriers to Technology Adoption: Evidence from Soccer-Ball Producers in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    Organizational Barriers to Technology Adoption: Evidence from Soccer-Ball Producers in Pakistan of soccer-ball producers in Sialkot, Pakistan. Our research team invented a new cutting technology Hamid, who first suggested we study the soccer ball sector in Sialkot, Pakistan. All errors are ours

  15. Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL YOLK SAC INFECTION WITH ESCHERICHIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 125 EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL YOLK SAC INFECTION WITH ESCHERICHIA COLI Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. ABSTRACT In this study, 100 day-old broiler chicks were divided into two groups is the major cause of early chick mortality in Pakistan (Anjum, 1997). Major cause of omphalitis is E. coli

  16. mise jour: 30/03/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 mise à jour: 30/03/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan École de recherche CIMPA du 22 au 28://www.lums.edu.pk/> pour y donner une conférence dans le cadre de French Science Tour in Pakistan Science Tour in Pakistan. · Samedi 28 février, 8 exposés organisés par Juergen Herzog permettant à des

  17. Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 EFFECTS OF ASCORBIC ACID AND ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 109 EFFECTS OF ASCORBIC ACID AND ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID SUPPLEMENTATION Sciences, Lahore-54000, Pakistan ABSTRACT A total of 100, day-old broiler chicks were randomly divided production in the tropics. In Pakistan, temperature remains well beyond the higher side of thermoneutral zone

  18. * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada *** Not for sale & Best-Selling Titles * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada-Selling Titles 115 * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada *** Not for sale

  19. An assessment of recent extreme weather in Pakistan and Russia Mike Blackburn1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dacre, Helen

    - 1 - An assessment of recent extreme weather in Pakistan and Russia Mike Blackburn1 , Andy Turner1 crossed the mountains over northern Pakistan, intensifying the monsoon rains there. This trough into northern Pakistan, beneath the trough(Fig.3) . It appears to be this conjunction of events that led

  20. Recent & Best-Selling Titles 121 * Not for sale in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    Recent & Best-Selling Titles 121 * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States $16.95T PA: 978-0-691-14592-1 #12;122 Recent & Best-Selling Titles * Not for sale in Pakistan 123 * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada *** Not for sale

  1. A reinterpretation of the Balakot Formation: Implications for the tectonics of the NW Himalaya, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    , Pakistan Yani Najman,1,2 Malcolm Pringle,3 Laurent Godin,4 and Grahame Oliver5 Received 2 April 2001 of the Himalayan foreland basin in Pakistan was originally described as a >8 km thick clastic red bed succession; 9320 Information Related to Geographic Region: Asia; KEYWORDS: Himalaya, Pakistan, Balakot Formation

  2. Drainage, sediment transport, and denudation rates on the Nanga Parbat Himalaya, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marston, Richard A.

    Drainage, sediment transport, and denudation rates on the Nanga Parbat Himalaya, Pakistan Kevin: Sediment transport; Pakistan; Mountain denudation 1. Introduction The Nanga Parbat massif is one of the largest topographic features in the western Himalaya of northern Pakistan with its main summit rising

  3. Multistage evolution of the Jijal ultramaficmafic complex (Kohistan, N Pakistan): Implications for building the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Multistage evolution of the Jijal ultramafic­mafic complex (Kohistan, N Pakistan): Implications, Cc 57, 34095 Montpellier cedex 05, France d Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Garden Avenue, Shakarparian, 44000 Islamabad, Pakistan Received 12 February 2007; received in revised form 15 June 2007

  4. International Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (ICEES 2011), NUST, Islamabad, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Pakistan April 25-26, 2011 Post-Event Reconstruction in Asia since 1999: An Overview Focusing on the Social, Lahore, Pakistan (siddiq.akbar@uet.edu.pk ) Abstract The concentration of human population in Asia, Islamabad, Pakistan April 25-26, 2011 Considering that seismology and earthquake engineering had taken roots

  5. REVIEW ARTICLE Pakistan Vet. J., 24(1): 2004 FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO YOLK RETENTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    REVIEW ARTICLE Pakistan Vet. J., 24(1): 2004 46 FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO YOLK RETENTION IN POULTRY Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan ABSTRACT Yolk) stated that it was the commonest cause of early chick mortality in Pakistan. Jordan (1990) and Singh et

  6. Floods in Pakistan: Socio-political and 'techno-nature' challenges a first glance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Floods in Pakistan: Socio-political and 'techno-nature' challenges ­ a first glance Urs Geiser 1. Over the coming days, rains continued not only in Northwest Pakistan, but in Baluchistan as well quarter of Pakistan's land area is inundated. The spatial spread of the disaster is well known

  7. mise jour: 09/12/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 mise à jour: 09/12/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan École de recherche CIMPA du 22 au 28://www.lums.edu.pk/> pour y donner une conférence dans le cadre de French Science Tour in Pakistan Science Tour in Pakistan. · Samedi 28 février, 8 exposés organisés par Juergen Herzog permettant à des

  8. Complex flow in lowest crustal, anastomosing mylonites: Strain gradients in a Kohistan gabbro, northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , northern Pakistan L. Arbaret1 and J.-P. Burg Geologisches Institut, ETH-Zentrum, Zurich, Switzerland localization in near paleo-Moho metagabbros of the Kohistan Arc, northern Pakistan, produced anastomosing shear: Strain gradients in a Kohistan gabbro, northern Pakistan, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B10), 2467, doi:10

  9. Faunal responses to oxygen gradients on the Pakistan margin: A comparison of foraminiferans, macrofauna and megafauna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    Faunal responses to oxygen gradients on the Pakistan margin: A comparison of foraminiferans Oxygen minimum zone Benthos Arabian Sea Biodiversity Deep sea a b s t r a c t The Pakistan Margin where oxygen levels were lowest. The rarity of larger animals between 300 and 700 m on the Pakistan

  10. Mangla Dam Raising Project (Pakistan): General Review and Socio-Spatial Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Mangla Dam Raising Project (Pakistan): General Review and Socio-Spatial Impact Assessment Saheeb, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad-44000, Pakistan saheebk@ceme.nust.edu.pk Abstract. INTRODUCTION Pakistan has recently successfully completed the raising of Mangla dam, a major water works system

  11. journals, especially in mathematics and engineering, as well as boosting the impact of their research outside Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Juhn-Jong

    of their research outside Pakistan. Second, human capital matters. One concern raised by the report published in this issue is that the 3,500 candidates for Pakistan's new domestic PhD programmes have had lower as Pakistan's schools improve. For the time being, the more important point is that Pakistan has opened up

  12. A Comparison of Wireless Local Loop Technologies with Reference to their Application in Rural Areas of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radha, Hayder

    Areas of Pakistan Muhammad Usman Ilyas Department of Computer Science, School of Arts & Sciences, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. muilyas@lums.edu.pk Abstract: In this paper LMDS in rural areas of Pakistan. The low population density and great distances in Pakistan's rural areas make

  13. The Politics of Space and the Creation of the Third: A Study of the Women’s Parliamentary Caucus in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalhoro, Sanam A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rape, Class, and Gender in Pakistan. Lahore: ASR. Kalhoro 16women and the state of Pakistan. Women, Islam and the State,of Feminist Discourses in Pakistan. Meridians Vol. 5, Iss 2;

  14. High-risk sexual behaviours among drug users in Pakistan: implications for prevention of STDs and HlV/AlDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haque, N; Zafar, T; Brahmbhatt, H; Imam, G; ul Hassan, S; Strathdee, Steffanie A

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    associated disorders in Pakistan. AIDS Res Hum RetrovirusesHIV/AIDS policy in Pakistan. Health Policy Plan 2001;16;AA, Khan OA. HIV/AIDS in Pakistan: the context and magnitude

  15. Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

  16. Benthic biological and biogeochemical patterns and processes across an oxygen minimum zone (Pakistan margin, NE Arabian Sea)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    (Pakistan margin, NE Arabian Sea) Gregory L. Cowie a,Ã, Lisa A. Levin b a The Sir John Murray Laboratories), and organic matter (OM) availability on benthic communities and processes across the Pakistan Margin

  17. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 15 JANUARY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1373 Stickslip advance of the Kohat Plateau in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    Plateau in Pakistan S. P. Satyabala1 , Zhaohui Yang2 and Roger Bilham2 * Throughout most of the Himalaya of rock to slide aseismically on a décollement, as has clearly occurred in the Potwar Plateau of Pakistan

  18. Council Resolution concerning the admission of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan as Associate Member State at CERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Council Resolution concerning the admission of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan as Associate Member State at CERN

  19. Pakistan creates national centre for physics/Symmetry violation in a new setting/CERN: Circular solution to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan creates national centre for physics/Symmetry violation in a new setting/CERN: Circular solution to

  20. U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|IndustrialCenterMarchC. BERKELEY: NEGAWATT THE SERRANO- Pakistan

  1. Evaluation of environmental impact assessment system in Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nadeem, Obaidullah [Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (Pakistan)], E-mail: obaidnadeem@yahoo.com; Hameed, Rizwan [Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (Pakistan)], E-mail: d_rizwan@hotmail.com

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental impact assessment (EIA) was first introduced in Pakistan based on the Environmental Protection Ordinance 1983. The EIA process was further strengthened under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997, which became operational under EIA Regulations 2000. Despite a sound legal basis and comprehensive guidelines, evidence suggests that EIA has not yet evolved satisfactorily in Pakistan. An evaluation of the EIA system against systematic evaluation criteria, based on interviews with EIA approval authorities, consulting firms and experts, reveals various shortcomings of the EIA system. These mainly include; inadequate capacity of EIA approval authorities, deficiencies in screening and scoping, poor EIA quality, inadequate public participation and weak monitoring. Overall, EIA is used presently as a project justification tool rather than as a project planning tool to contribute to achieving sustainable development. Whilst shortcomings are challenging, central government has recently shown a high degree of commitment to the environmental protection by making EIA compulsory for all the public sector projects likely to have adverse environmental impacts. The paper identifies opportunities for taking advantage of the current environment for strengthening the EIA process.

  2. Development projects in Pakistan are hiring increasing numbers of Pakistani female professionals to work on rural projects that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Development projects in Pakistan are hiring increasing numbers of Pakistani female professionals. Policy message n Pakistan is a highly gender-segregated society, and more well-qualified female field for well-educat- ed Pakistani women Pakistan has one of the lowest female labour force

  3. GEOLOGY | February 2013 | www.gsapubs.org 111 The Stak massif, northern Pakistan, is a newly recognized occur-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GEOLOGY | February 2013 | www.gsapubs.org 111 ABSTRACT The Stak massif, northern Pakistan in northern Pakistan (Fig. 1) is a retro- gressed eclogitic massif, but the pervasive retrogression made northwest of Skardu, Pakistan (Fig. 1). High-pressure rocks are exposed on the northern edge of the Indian

  4. Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable?2 P. J. Webster*, V.E. Toma and H-M Kim5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    1 1 Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable?2 3 4 P. J. Webster*, V.E. Toma and H-M Kim5 School During July 2010, a series of monsoonal deluges over northern Pakistan resulted in25 catastrophic31 July deluges, especially in North Pakistan was exceptionally rare as deduced from limited32 data

  5. Pakistan Vt. ./., 22(4): 2002 A STUDY ON THE PATHOGENESIS OF YOLK RETENTION IN BROILER CHICKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pakistan Vêt. ./., 22(4): 2002 A STUDY ON THE PATHOGENESIS OF YOLK RETENTION IN BROILER CHICKS Laboratories Complex. Lahore, Pakistan ABSTRACT The présent project was designed to identify thé factors commonest cause of early chick mortality in Pakistan (Anjum, 1997). Whcn thé chick émerges from it's shell

  6. Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    /2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

  7. NEW WINE IN OLD BOTTLES: An Analysis of Pakistan's Conflict in the Pashtun Tribal Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Huma

    2008-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan have regained prominence in recent years because of the U.S.' "war on terror" against Al-Qaeda. The Government of Pakistan, backed by the U.S. and NATO, is involved in a bloody conflict...

  8. 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30 COLLEGES (STUDENTS) ACADEMIC LEVELS France 10 57 Oman 1 TOTAL 1283 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 25 Ghana 5 59 Palestine 1 26 Greece 2 60 Panama

  9. Solar and Wind Resource Assessments for Afghanistan and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renne, D. S.; Kelly, M.; Elliott, D.; George, R.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.; Cowlin, S.; Gilman, P.; Perez, R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently completed the production of high-resolution wind and solar energy resource maps and related data products for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The resource data have been incorporated into a geospatial toolkit (GsT), which allows the user to manipulate the resource information along with country-specific geospatial information such as highway networks, power facilities, transmission corridors, protected land areas, etc. The toolkit allows users to then transfer resource data for specific locations into NREL's micropower optimization model known as HOMER.

  10. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary IcelandGuinea Papua New Guinea Haiti Mozambique Pakistan AppendixSierra Leone Bhutan Chad Haiti Ethiopia Niger Somalia

  11. Biostratigraphy and microfacies of the cretaceous sediments in the Indus Basin, Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Suleman

    2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis I document the biostratigraphy of two Cretaceous sections in Pakistan, the Chichali Nala Section and the Moghal Kot Section. Furthermore, I document the stratigraphy of the so-called Oceanic Anoxic Events ...

  12. Incentive and coordination issues in the mobile banking industry of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Tughral Turab

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the introduction of Branch less Banking regulations in 2008 by the State Bank of Pakistan a new opportunity for banks and telecoms was created to service the needs of the 85% of Pakistanis who lacked any formal or ...

  13. "Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

  14. Mohajir subnationalism and the Mohajir Qaumi Movement in Sindh Province, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Julian James

    1994-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    P k3) I sqgý'7 XOIIAJI1R SUBNATIONALMN AIM THE XOHAJIR QAuxr XOVENEXT IN S13DH PROVINCE, PAKISTAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY CAM Julian Richards SIDNEY SUSSEX COLLEGE A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy... in the University of Cambridge. September 1993 ILME: Mr. Julian James Richards Department of Geography PhD DISSERTATION TITLE: SUNKARY: Mohajir Subnationalism and the Mohajir Qaumi Movement in Sindh Province, Pakistan This dissertation examines the rise...

  15. Energy Management by Recycling of Vehicle Waste Oil in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan Ali Durrani

    Abstract: Pakistan has been suffering from an energy crisis for about half a decade now. The power crisis is proving to be unbearable, so importing huge amount of hydrocarbons from abroad to meet its energy needs. This study therefore focuses on the analysis of energy and environmental benefits for vehicle waste lubricant oil pertaining to its reuse by means of: (i) regain the heating value of used oils in a combustion process and (ii) recycling of waste oil to make fresh oil products. The waste oil samples were tested by ICP method and the test results were compared with standard requirements. It was found that the matter could effectively be solved by means of waste oil management practices together with collection centers, transports and processors by encouraging and financial help for the recycling industry. The importance and worth of this work concludes minor levels of hazardous elements when regained the heating value from the waste lubricating oil.

  16. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Coal &

  17. The Main Mantle Thrust (MMT) is the regional contact between collider India and the overthrust Kohistan-Ladakh series in the Pakistan Himalaya. Early Himalayan-age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    and the overthrust Kohistan-Ladakh series in the Pakistan Himalaya. Early Himalayan-age thrusting and some later (~20

  18. Chaddars and Pink Collars in Pakistan: Gender, Work and the Global Economy A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Department of Sociology and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    Chaddars and Pink Collars in Pakistan: Gender, Work and the Global Economy A Dissertation Presented in Pakistan, employed in a global workplace i.e. international call centers, manage the dialectical with their local cultural imperatives. This question is of special significance in deeply patriarchal Pakistan

  19. Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses that were the focus of her studies, but it was the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses like Introduction to Art History and The Near East from Alexander to Muhammad," she said. "In Pakistan at an orphanage in Mexico. Looking ahead, Ayesha intends to earn her medical degree and work in rural Pakistan. "I

  20. Overseas Training Event for IEEE participating Universities of Pakistan Institution of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) has been offering its topoftheline product, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqi, Sajjad Ahmed

    Overseas Training Event for IEEE participating Universities of Pakistan Institution institution of Pakistan in the fields of engineering and computer sciences got the access to premier of Pakistan are subscribing to IEEE Xplore. IEEE has keenly observed this trend among the Pakistani

  1. Seismological Research Letters Volume 78, Number 6 November/December 2007 601 The city of Karachi, Pakistan (population 14 million), sits close

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    , Pakistan (population 14 million), sits close to a plate boundary and within reach of earthquakes on numer of Pakistan's four provinces), is indistinguishable from that of many fishing villages on the northern shores fromavillagetoatownwithapopulationoffewerthan140,000 people. The population grew to 500,000 by the time Pakistan became an independent nation

  2. Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan and all sales enquiries should be directed to our United Kingdom distributor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan Kingdom Tel: +44 207 515 1011 peter@jjacques.demon.co.uk Pakistan-- Saleem A. Malik World Press 27-1 Al Firdous Avenue Faiz Road, Muslim Town Lahore 54600 Punjab, Pakistan Tel: +92 042 3588 1617 worldpress

  3. Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

  4. Design of a mechanized paddy harvester for inundated areas of East Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Md. Abdul Karim

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (&f t roc!is fr?cia & he cont oiir of this region. This ri giun is hei& i& I y Foccsccl and Ihc. river Kar& ~@holi I loi:s, &cross &he & orest. Clia&i& e of g st I'. &kistan llcavy rainfa!I generally occur& in Fast Pakistan. The aver. ige ai...

  5. Application for Associate Membership at CERN by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Report by the fact-finding Task Force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Application for Associate Membership at CERN by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Report by the fact-finding Task Force

  6. PKI Implementation Issues: A Comparative Study of Pakistan with some Asian Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Nasir Mahmood; Khalid, Samina; Malik, Faisal Munir

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper includes Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), its need and requirements and introduction of some renowned PKI products. However, the major thrust of this work is that how PKI can enhance security of various systems. The paper is intended to serve as a guide on how to adequately prepare for some of the challenges that may be encountered especially in developing countries like Pakistan. The detail of PKI implementation issues is also included in the paper along with future challenges regarding implementation of PKI. Furthermore, paper includes technical issues hindering the implementation of PKI through comparison of PKI issues in Pakistan and some of Asian countries mainly Taiwan, Japan and Singapore. The paper also highlights the PKI issues and learnt lessons regarding PKI implementation and can act as a comprehensive guide for successful future PKI deployments.

  7. Teaching Quality Assurance and Project Management to Undergraduate Computing Students in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehmood, Zaigham

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Software Project Management (SPM) and Software Quality Assurance (SQA) are key components of undergraduate Computing programmes at educational establishments in Pakistan. Because of the nature of these subjects, there are a number of issues that need to be discussed and resolved so that the teaching becomes more effective, students learning experience is more enjoyable and their ability to be actively involved in SPM and SQA, after the completion of their studies, becomes further improved. In this paper, we discuss experience of teaching SPM and SQA at one particular institution in Islamabad Pakistan. Using this as a case study, we underline the students perspective, highlight the inherent issues and suggest ways to improve the delivery of these subjects. Since, the issues are mainly generic, the aim is to provide discussion and recommendations to benefit a wider computing community in academia.

  8. Beyond Kargil: The technology of peace in India-Pakistan border relations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tahir-Kheli, S.; Biringer, K.L.

    2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential for cooperation between India and Pakistan is substantial. Topics as widely varying as national security, the environment and trade hold the potential for improved bilateral relations. This paper looks at a few areas in which monitoring technology could contribute to enhancing cooperative border agreements between the two nations. The goal of the paper is not to provide prescriptive solutions to regional problems, but to expand the number of options being considered for improving Indian-Pakistan relations. Many of the impediments to bilateral progress are a result of a history of conflict and mistrust. By utilizing technical monitoring and inspections, each side can begin to replace suspicion and doubt with knowledge and information useful in making informed political, economic and military decisions. At the same time, technical monitoring and inspections can build confidence through common interactions. India and Pakistan have pledged to resolve their disputes, including Kashmir, through dialogue. Implementation of that pledge is influenced by a number of factors, including changes in the political systems and the fortunes of the leadership. Events of the past year and a half have severely tested these two governments' ability to move forward along a constructive and positive path. Testing of new missile systems both preceded and followed testing of nuclear weapons in May 1998. Both countries disregarded subsequent international displeasure as they proceeded to openly declare their respective nuclear capability. Their brief engagement with each other in February 1999 and movement toward a rapprochement diluted international condemnation of their nuclear activity. Within a recent period of nine months however, progress in the dialogue has been stalled first by the Pakistani move in Kashmir in May 1999, then by the Indian election in the summer of 1999 and most recently by the military coup in Pakistan.

  9. An evaluation framework for effective public participation in EIA in Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nadeem, Obaidullah, E-mail: obaidnadeem@yahoo.co [Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (Pakistan); Fischer, Thomas B., E-mail: fischer@liverpool.ac.u [Department of Civic Design, the University of Liverpool, Liverpool (United Kingdom)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluating the effectiveness of public participation in EIA related decisions is of crucial importance for developing a better understanding of overall EIA effectiveness. This paper aims to contribute to the professional debate by establishing a country specific evaluation framework for Pakistan, which, it is suggested, could also potentially be used in other developing countries. The framework is used to evaluate performance of public participation in EIA in terms of 40 attributes for four selected projects from the province of Punjab. The evaluation is based on interviews with stakeholders, review of EIA reports as well as public hearing proceedings and environmental approval conditions. The evaluation of the selected projects revealed an overall weak influence of public participation on substantive quality of EIA and on the final decision. Overall, EIA public participation has succeeded in providing a more egalitarian environment. Furthermore, it appears fair to say that sufficient time for submitting written comments on EIA reports as well as for raising concerns during public hearings had been given. Also, public consultation was significantly contributing to educating participants. Despite some impediments, it is argued that public participation in EIA is gradually gaining ground in Pakistan. Recommendations to enhance EIA public participation effectiveness in Pakistan include applying a more proactive approach which should take place before EIA is conducted and before site selection for development projects is happening.

  10. Confidence building measures at sea:opportunities for India and Pakistan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vohra, Ravi Bhushan Rear Admiral (; ); Ansari, Hasan Masood Rear Admiral (; )

    2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sea presents unique possibilities for implementing confidence building measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan that are currently not available along the contentious land borders surrounding Jammu and Kashmir. This is due to the nature of maritime issues, the common military culture of naval forces, and a less contentious history of maritime interaction between the two nations. Maritime issues of mutual concern provide a strong foundation for more far-reaching future CBMs on land, while addressing pressing security, economic, and humanitarian needs at sea in the near-term. Although Indian and Pakistani maritime forces currently have stronger opportunities to cooperate with one another than their counterparts on land, reliable mechanisms to alleviate tension or promote operational coordination remain non-existent. Therefore, possible maritime CBMs, as well as pragmatic mechanisms to initiate and sustain cooperation, require serious examination. This report reflects the unique joint research undertaking of two retired Senior Naval Officers from both India and Pakistan, sponsored by the Cooperative Monitoring Center of the International Security Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Research focuses on technology as a valuable tool to facilitate confidence building between states having a low level of initial trust. Technical CBMs not only increase transparency, but also provide standardized, scientific means of interacting on politically difficult problems. Admirals Vohra and Ansari introduce technology as a mechanism to facilitate consistent forms of cooperation and initiate discussion in the maritime realm. They present technical CBMs capable of being acted upon as well as high-level political recommendations regarding the following issues: (1) Delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Pakistan and its relationship to the Sir Creek dispute; (2) Restoration of full shipping links and the security of ports and cargos; (3) Fishing within disputed areas and resolution of issues relating to arrest and repatriation of fishermen from both sides; and (4) Naval and maritime agency interaction and possibilities for cooperation.

  11. Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen minimum zone (7001100 m)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen increased animal activity associated with increasing bottom-water oxygen concentration. We examined faunal community responses to oxygen and organic matter gradients across the lower oxygen minimum zone (OMZ

  12. Application of smokeless briquettes in developing countries: the cases of Haiti and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabadell, A.; Shelton, R.B.; Stevenson, G.G.; Willson, T.G.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional energy sources are a significant fraction of energy demand in developing countries. These sources have become increasingly scarce because of clearing of land for agriculture, charcoal production, and excessive timber harvesting. One option for mitigating one aspect of this multidimensional problem is the use of smokeless coal briquettes. Resource and market conditions are excellent in some developing countries for the substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood (which includes firewood and charcoal). US Agency for International Development (USAID) has developed a five-step procedure for determining the potential substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood: resource evaluation, market assessment, technological assessment, government policy and institutional assessment (including environmental and health assessments), and business and market assessment. Through recent assessment activities in Haiti, we have gained knowledge and understanding of the market mechanisms for fuelwood substitution which we intend to apply in Pakistan. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  14. The impact of municipal solid waste treatment methods on greenhouse gas emissions in Lahore, Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batool, Syeda Adila [Department of Space Science, Punjab University, Lahore 54600 (Pakistan)], E-mail: aadila_batool@yahoo.com; Chuadhry, Muhammad Nawaz [College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore (Pakistan)], E-mail: muhammadnawazchaudhry@yahoo.com

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The contribution of existing municipal solid waste management to emission of greenhouse gases and the alternative scenarios to reduce emissions were analyzed for Data Ganj Bukhsh Town (DGBT) in Lahore, Pakistan using the life cycle assessment methodology. DGBT has a population of 1,624,169 people living in 232,024 dwellings. Total waste generated is 500,000 tons per year with an average per capita rate of 0.84 kg per day. Alternative scenarios were developed and evaluated according to the environmental, economic, and social atmosphere of the study area. Solid waste management options considered include the collection and transportation of waste, collection of recyclables with single and mixed material bank container systems (SMBCS, MMBCS), material recovery facilities (MRF), composting, biogasification and landfilling. A life cycle inventory (LCI) of the six scenarios along with the baseline scenario was completed; this helped to quantify the CO{sub 2} equivalents, emitted and avoided, for energy consumption, production, fuel consumption, and methane (CH{sub 4}) emissions. LCI results showed that the contribution of the baseline scenario to the global warming potential as CO{sub 2} equivalents was a maximum of 838,116 tons. The sixth scenario had a maximum reduction of GHG emissions in terms of CO{sub 2} equivalents of -33,773 tons, but the most workable scenario for the current situation in the study area is scenario 5. It saves 25% in CO{sub 2} equivalents compared to the baseline scenario.

  15. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/18: Maritime Cooperation Between India and Pakistan: Building Confidence at Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SIDDIQA-AGHA,AYESHA

    2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses ways in which the navies of both India and Pakistan can cooperate on issues of maritime and naval significance. Although the militaries and navies of the two countries have traditionally seen each other as rivals, international economic developments make cooperation imperative. South Asia requires an approach that can alter the existing hostile images and perceptions. This can be achieved through developing an incremental approach towards confidence building that would allow consistency and help build confidence gradually. The aim is to make confidence building a sustainable activity that would help transform hostile images and build cooperative and nonhostile relationships. This paper proposes a five-step model to suggest what the two navies can do jointly to build confidence, with the ultimate goal of naval arms control. The steps include (1) the Signaling Stage to initiate communication between the two navies, (2) the Warming-Up Stage to build confidence through nonmilitary joint ventures, (3) the Handshake Stage to build confidence between the two navies through military joint ventures, (4) the Problem-Solving Stage to resolve outstanding disputes, and (5) the Final Nod Stage to initiate naval arms control. This model would employ communication, navigation, and remote sensing technologies to achieve success.

  16. Health burden of skin lesions at low arsenic exposure through groundwater in Pakistan. Is river the source?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fatmi, Zafar, E-mail: zafar.fatmi@aku.edu [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)] [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan); Azam, Iqbal; Ahmed, Faiza; Kazi, Ambreen; Gill, Albert Bruce; Kadir, Muhmmad Masood; Ahmed, Mubashir; Ara, Naseem; Janjua, Naveed Zafar [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)] [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A significant proportion of groundwater in south Asia is contaminated with arsenic. Pakistan has low levels of arsenic in groundwater compared with China, Bangladesh and India. A representative multi-stage cluster survey conducted among 3874 persons {>=}15 years of age to determine the prevalence of arsenic skin lesions, its relation with arsenic levels and cumulative arsenic dose in drinking water in a rural district (population: 1.82 million) in Pakistan. Spot-urine arsenic levels were compared among individuals with and without arsenic skin lesions. In addition, the relation of age, body mass index, smoking status with arsenic skin lesions was determined. The geographical distribution of the skin lesions and arsenic-contaminated wells in the district were ascertained using global positioning system. The total arsenic, inorganic and organic forms, in water and spot-urine samples were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The prevalence of skin lesions of arsenic was estimated for complex survey design, using surveyfreq and surveylogistic options of SAS 9.1 software.The prevalence of definitive cases i.e. hyperkeratosis of both palms and soles, was 3.4 per 1000 and suspected cases i.e. any sign of arsenic skin lesions (melanosis and/or keratosis), were 13.0 per 1000 among {>=}15-year-old persons in the district. Cumulative arsenic exposure (dose) was calculated from levels of arsenic in water and duration of use of current drinking water source. Prevalence of skin lesions increases with cumulative arsenic exposure (dose) in drinking water and arsenic levels in urine. Skin lesions were 2.5-fold among individuals with BMI <18.5 kg/m{sup 2}. Geographically, more arsenic-contaminated wells and skin lesions were alongside Indus River, suggests a strong link between arsenic contamination of groundwater with proximity to river.This is the first reported epidemiological and clinical evidence of arsenic skin lesions due to groundwater in Pakistan. Further investigations and focal mitigation measures for arsenic may be carried out alongside Indus River.

  17. A Proposed Decision Support System/Expert System for Guiding Fresh Students in Selecting a Faculty in Gomal University, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslam, Muhammad Zaheer; Khan, Abdur Rashid

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the design and development of a proposed rule based Decision Support System that will help students in selecting the best suitable faculty/major decision while taking admission in Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. The basic idea of our approach is to design a model for testing and measuring the student capabilities like intelligence, understanding, comprehension, mathematical concepts plus his/her past academic record plus his/her intelligence level, and applying the module results to a rule-based decision support system to determine the compatibility of those capabilities with the available faculties/majors in Gomal University. The result is shown as a list of suggested faculties/majors with the student capabilities and abilities.

  18. Characterization of Roabiba Sandstones Reservoir in Bintuni Field, Papua, Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vera, Riene

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    and correspond closely with the lithofacies. When grouped according to the dominant pore throat dimension, distinct collections or grouping of rocks and their associated lithofacies were observed. Winland plot was engaged to do clustering of rock types since...

  19. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville, Georgia:Paper

  20. WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, New Zealand, Papua Newonly Gambia Ghana Kenya Kyrgyzstan Malawi Nepal Papua New

  1. DOE Olk Office of Inspections -- Pakistan DRAi,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJulyD&DDepartmentContaminatedEnforcementDepartmentNumber 1

  2. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    incidence rates of > 20 cases per 100,000 population. University Health Center review Date Page 2 Republic Republic of Korea Nigeria Suriname Armenia Ecuador Kuwait Niue Swaziland Azerbaijan Egypt

  3. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapalote

  4. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergy

  5. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,

  6. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,Information

  7. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s

  8. Visual Memes in Social Media Tracking real-world news on YouTube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Lexing

    80 100 0 100 200 300 400 500 Swine Flu Earthquake Iran Pakistan text processing ... query definiGon pakistan military pakistan india tension pakistan taliban pakistan bhuEo pakistan ppp pakistan terrorist #12;7 Who

  9. Spirits of Capitalism: Explaining Industrial Variation in South Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naseemullah, Adnan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1966). “Indian Automotive Industry: Opportunities andin Pakistan’s Automotive Industry. ” Journal of Asia Pacificin Pakistan’s Automotive Industry”, Journal of Asia Pacific

  10. Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Biochemistry, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Aridby Ethics Committee of Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculturedetails Department of Biochemistry, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid

  11. Integrated reservoir characterization for the Mazari oil field, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashraf, Ejaz

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evaluated reservoir performance potential using the production history, well tests and cased-hole well log surveys. Suggestions for reservoir management activities in conjunction with the evaluation of the reservoir performance are discussed in detail...

  12. Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    associated with age, cough and fever. More than 50% of theTB diagnosis. Conclusion: Cough and fever are being ignoredtreatment. The duration of cough was used to find out total

  13. PASSPORTS TO PRIVILEGE: THE ENGLISH-MEDIUM SCHOOLS IN PAKISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Tariq

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    public demands for English education. English is still the key for a good future - a future with human dignity if not public deference; a future with material comfort if not prosperity; a future with that modicum of security, human rights... , Passports to Privilege 39 Mandela, Nelson. 1994. Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. Mangan, J.A. 1986. The Games Ethic and Imperialism. New York: Viking, Penguin. Nabi, Mohammad. 1998...

  14. Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Valuation can be undertaken through an analysis of market and non- market transactions, or through the use of survey research methods.

  15. Beggarization: Beggary as an Organized Crime in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azam, Nadia

    2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    , as are drug trafficking, political and financial corruption, offshore banking, and various other kinds of work that avoid state regulation, taxes, and penalties. K Hart, “The Informal Economy,” in New Palgrave Dictionary of Economic Theory and Doctrine... Frank E. Hagan, “‘Organized crime’ and ‘organized crime’: Indeterminate problems of definition,” Trends in Organized Crime 9 (June 2006): 136. 9 Ibid., 129; Silke Meyer, “Trafficking in Human Organs in Europe,” European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law...

  16. Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COCO COCO MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR SCL SMTSMTSMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT Hercules

  17. Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba CALIFORNIASan Diego Los Angeles, Ventura Riverside, San BernardinoSan Diego Los Angeles, Ventura Riverside, San Bernardino

  18. Afghanistan Pakistan High Resolution Wind Resource - Datasets - OpenEI

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE JumpAeroWind Inc. Place:AerospatialeAffton,Datasets

  19. Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump to:PPLPacific

  20. U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident at RatonU.S. - China Energy Cooperation U.S. --

  1. Pakistan Council for Renewable Energy Technologies PCRET | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) Jump to:PUD NoPageInformation

  2. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) Jump to:PUDCompatibility

  3. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) Jump to:PUDCompatibilityCompatibility

  4. Green Biotech Solution Co, Pakistan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/Exploration <GlacialGoldenarticle is aGreat LakesGreenGreen

  5. Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

  6. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  7. Making migration safer Policy Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    : India, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan #12;.......................... Remittance economies in Asia Migration

  8. Stratigraphic boundary problems: Permian and Triassic of West Pakistan. Edited by Bernhard Kummel and Curt Teichert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I. Gregory Sohn U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Walter C. Sweet Department of Geology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Curt Teichert Department of Geology, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas Contents Preface Stratigraphy...

  9. Research Output from Pakistan This analysis takes into account the Publications from Pakistani Universities,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqi, Sajjad Ahmed

    . Nuclear Institute of Agriculture & Biology, Faisalabad 41 60 6. National Institute of Biotechnology. University of Karachi 276 419 3. Aga Khan University 186 311 4. University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 252 310 & Technology 48 92 13. University of Arid Agriculture 49 87 14. University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore

  10. Settlements of Afghan refugees in Pakistan : an evaluation of conditions and identification of problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azadzoi, Mahammad Najim

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis deals with the physical design of urban public housing projects. To meet the objectives stated in the preface, the following issues were addressed: The social hierarchy of the community; the administration of ...

  11. Taxonomic study on Capparidaceae and Cruciferae of W. Pakistan, Afghanistan, and N.W. Himalaya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafri, S. M. H.

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work was taken up by me at the suggestion of Professor Sir William Wright Smith and has been done under the guidance and supervision of himself and Dr. P.H.Davis. Taxonomic studies have undergone considerable ...

  12. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    point, here we focus on India's policy of bilateralism, andRose, L. (1987). India's regional policy: nonmilitarypolicy interests by improving cooperation between India and

  13. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from theirrigation and hydroelectric power generation schemes better

  14. Formation evaluation using wavelet analysis on logs of the Chinji and Nagri Formations, northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanyel, Emre Doruk

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    with sand proportion curves. Although changes in the wavelet energy profile were much more distinct with respect to grain size, lithic boundaries' locations were not detected based solely on the total of the wavelet energies. The data were also analyzed...

  15. Mineralogical and Thermal Analyses of a Bangle Shard from Harrappa, an Indus Valley Settlement in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kayani, Saheeb Ahmed

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this research study we present initial results of a recent project in which mineralogical and thermal analysis were carried out on a terracotta bangle shard from Harrappa. We were surprised to find bentonite clay as the major constituent of the bangle shard. Also we have used knowledge of the mineralogical structure determined through X-ray diffraction and results of thermal analysis to predict value of firing temperature of the bangle shard.

  16. Mineralogical and Thermal Analyses of a Bangle Shard from Harrappa, an Indus Valley Settlement in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saheeb Ahmed Kayani; Rehan ul Haq Siddiqui

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this research study we present initial results of a recent project in which mineralogical and thermal analysis were carried out on a terracotta bangle shard from Harrappa. We were surprised to find bentonite clay as the major constituent of the bangle shard. Also we have used knowledge of the mineralogical structure determined through X-ray diffraction and results of thermal analysis to predict value of firing temperature of the bangle shard.

  17. Local Conceptions of Food Security in Northern Pakistan: Issues of Scale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamidi, Sarah

    2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    and the South of the country. As part of the national development trends of the Pakistani government, these economic exchanges of food, combined with modernisation, should contribute to food security. Yet according to official surveys, food security is declining...

  18. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    waste is also transported to landfill site near Shah Rukn-e-transportation of waste to landfill sites. For direct hauldispose off the waste at landfill site. Trolleys and dumpers

  19. Irfan Ullah Chaudhary Address: 47-D New Muslim Town, Lahore 54600, Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deuterides"(with P. L. Hagelstein, M. C. H. McKubre and F. Tanzalla) Current Trends in International Fusion (2008). 9. "Progress on phonon exchange models for excess heat in metal deuterides" Proceedings of ICCF

  20. An economic appraisal of the small and cottage industries in East Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zoha, Syed Shamsuz

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'cqm--Zcx, ". ;. ~ aors; 'cottage M@se't~'e'e-'~:om'. , s@ciearak IUK4, 8, e . . . . e . ~ pw 2 3;s '3. 5- ' $8' ~, "8?64I$8$48":, 'g~@89$8, " QC' glOpQ484168', "CQ "XCM'q". -', , '34%68. "~ @Mes'Sate: aeat1eh. . of. ebs yajiv~a4ijm;. '9, s absigbe4 Le hmj12. - SG8X8...Lee@. :, Nx@. aje. ga gao6; 4e~:: bg-;- . ';, -' . -', ~j. -ste, '1. :, . . . , "?'?%@5k ~6" Xvoxj'' WN]c=. ?. ~e'. -~. 'ya04aa~a ' af-. -'&~Xe'-" '. =, -, =:=, eat4. o1ee fog, @oaaat$o . awe to, the . aoeatTgotiey: og 3'~e;-g5vem. . beats. '- Sect:. I...

  1. Conceptual problems of national income accounting in underdeveloped countries with emphasis on Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Abdur Rashid

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of changes in output, income and expenditures of the major sectors. Pinally, one is enabled by these means to study the responses of various economic groups to different conditions over a given time period. National income estimates are, therefore... followed Petty in the late seventeenth century, was considered to be the first scientific estimator of national income. His estimates included national income, national expenditure, and national savings, as well as the distributi. on of these aggregates...

  2. A proposed college level teacher-training program in agricultural education for East Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Moslehuddin

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PQRKQBTURR, "%- THi? UNXYED BMTMs At the time ef' the~ssage cf the Fedeiei Act~ 13Nle instrugMen on college level teacher-training was given th M~iroes whereas it' was ~ff&5~-with xdxita=tauw~s? Nor Megr45sx- ~M= thQ W@4?QLCiQQ. -~ fus po. "gt~~:pgQ@k g... extension soak en the sub-division arid higher. 2-- Agxicultxxxal xeseaech woxk in the dUfszent linies ef epeeisl- search and education branch of the Mx'actor'ats of Agxieultuxe? 'a'gx4eultv'gsl;sduosti~ , though . the agxiqu3, tm'al q~en'-sesylce. ie...

  3. Learning from the Past, Looking to the Future: Modeling Social Unrest in Karachi, Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olson, Jarrod; Kurzrok, Andrew J.; Hund, Gretchen; Fagley, Erik M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Social unrest represents a major challenge for policy makers around the globe, as it can quickly escalate from small scale disturbances to highly public protests, riots and even civil war. This research was motivated by a need to understand social instability and to unpack the comments made during a spring 2013 conference hosted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Center for Global Security and the U.S. Institute for Peace, where policymakers noted that models considering social instability are often not suitable for decision-making. This analysis shows that existing state level models of instability could be improved in spatial scale to the city level, even without significantly improved data access. Better data would make this analysis more complete and likely improve the quality of the model. Another challenge with incorporating modeling into decision-making is the need to understand uncertainty in a model. Policy makers are frequently tasked with making decisions without a clear outcome, so characterization of uncertainty is critical. This report describes the work and findings of the project. It took place in three phases: a literature review of social stability research, a “hindsight scan” that looked at historical data, and a “foresight scan” looking at future scenarios.

  4. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bones Metals Textile Wood Composting Community Developmentestablished a solid waste composting plant as a theme ofwaste sorting and composting plant, which was manufactured

  5. Ethnicity and habitat : a comparison of indigenous and Afghan migrant settlements in Quetta, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rab, Samia

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a brief study of factors influencing the domestic built form in the context of ethnicity and migration. At the beginning of the research it was assumed that the theme of built form is a clear manner of ...

  6. Picking up the pieces : transitional shelters for disaster relief in the northern mountainous regions of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Weifeng Victoria

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis seeks to tackle a complex problem - disaster housing relief - from the angle of architecture design discipline and attempts to find a logical approach to solve such a problem via an in depth examination of a ...

  7. In search of appropriate architecture : a jamat khana in Hunza, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pirani, Khalil Karim

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In today's world of technological advancement, communication has become easier than ever before. This, along with its benefits, has inflicted severe blows to architecture in developing nations. Concepts have been imitated ...

  8. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resource Center. (2004). Solid waste management study,in management of liquid and solid waste, Multan City, JuneReview and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in

  9. Evolution and dynamics of a fold-thrust belt: the Sulaiman Range of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Kirsty; Copley, Alex; Hussain, Ekbal

    2015-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    earthquakes (Szeliga et al. 2009) (solid yellow circles on Fig. 3a). The mechanism of the 1931 Sharigh event is not known (Quittmeyer & Jacob 1979). Remeasurement of a levelling line, together with structural interpretation of seismic reflection data suggests... that the seismic deformation in the range is concentrated in the thick pile of sediments overlying the underthrusting lithosphere of the Indian subcontinent. The slip vectors of the earthquakes vary in strike around the margin of the range, in tandem with the shape...

  10. Irrigation-suitability land classification of the Rechna Doab in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehman, Gauhar

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . So the practice of providing only additional water f?r reclamati&m is wasting precious irrigation resources. Low salinity level requires very little water for h aching and the soil vrould improve by application of gypsum. Reclamation Programs...&&n in irrigation and soil water (as propos&. d by Ifhoades, (19i2)), has b&. en included in the models constraint set. The use of this model facilitates planning deci- sions like quantities and locations of all resource inputs, mixing ratios bet&veen different...

  11. The burden of stroke and transient ischemic attacks in Pakistan: a community-based prevalence study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Ayeesha Kamran; Itrat, Ahmed; Murtaza, Muhammed; Khan, Maria; Rasheed, Asif; Ali, Amin; Akber, Amna; Akber, Zainab; Iqbal, Navaid; Shoukat, Sana; Majeed, Farzin; Saleheen, Danish

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /she admitted? 7.18 Was the deceased hypertensive? 7.19 Was his/her blood pressure under control ( cough...

  12. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in management of liquid and solid waste, Multan City, JuneResource Center. (2004). Solid waste management study,The secondary data on solid waste and its management aspects

  13. A proposed college level teacher-training program in agricultural education for East Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Moslehuddin

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PQRKQBTURR, "%- THi? UNXYED BMTMs At the time ef' the~ssage cf the Fedeiei Act~ 13Nle instrugMen on college level teacher-training was given th M~iroes whereas it' was ~ff&5~-with xdxita=tauw~s? Nor Megr45sx- ~M= thQ W@4?QLCiQQ. -~ fus po. "gt~~:pgQ@k g... extension soak en the sub-division arid higher. 2-- Agxicultxxxal xeseaech woxk in the dUfszent linies ef epeeisl- search and education branch of the Mx'actor'ats of Agxieultuxe? 'a'gx4eultv'gsl;sduosti~ , though . the agxiqu3, tm'al q~en'-sesylce. ie...

  14. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    special issue of Water Nepal, 4, 1, September. Haddad,and its subsequent impacts in Nepal, India and China.Katmandu: WWF Nepal Country Program. Kathmandu Post (2005).

  15. Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCO OverviewRepository |Complex" at Los AlamosNeed for a

  16. Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) Jump to:PUD

  17. 81921Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 249 / Wednesday, December 29, 2010 / Rules and Regulations 252.2257044 Balance of Payments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, or Uzbekistan. ``SC/CASA state construction material'' means, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, or Uzbekistan. SC/CASA state construction

  18. The political economy of labor market liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with domestic production. Kyrgyzstan (1998), Taiwan (1999),Korea Croatia Tunisia Greece Kyrgyzstan Netherlands PakistanKorea Croatia Tunisia Greece Kyrgyzstan Netherlands Pakistan

  19. asian populations levels: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  20. asian population predictors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  1. asian population modified: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  2. asian population lessons: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  3. asian populations identifies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi... elsewhere) Jordan Mauritania Niger North Korea Papua New Guinea Peru Qatar...

  5. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia*, Mauritius, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand,Rica, Ecuador, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New GuineaMalta, Marshall Islands, Mongolia*, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal*,

  6. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Maldives San Marino Bahamas Malta Sao Tome & PrincipePapua New Guinea, Bahamas*, Malta* Bolivia, Cyprus, Jamaica,Slovenia, Cape Verde*, Malta* Poland, Slovenia, Mongolia,

  7. A comparative study of the systems of marketing eggs in the United States and in East Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Khurshid

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Chain Stores & Supermarkets Decentralized System of Marketing of Eggs & Poultry Decentralized Egg Market Reduction in Retailing Cost & Saving in Marketing Cost Process of Decentralization Perfected Modern Channels of Distribution Movement oi... price bulletins 17 are circulated in a limited fashion. The price bulletins are issued in English which limits their distribution. Wholesalers and commission agents keep themselves comparatively well informed about prices by telephone and telegraph...

  8. A limited survey of electrical distribution practices in the U.S.A. with possibilities of adaptability in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, Nazrul

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluations VI ~ ECONONIC TRENDS IN THE USE OF ALIMINDN BS eo Conductors 80 covered snd Insulated conductors Connectors Conductor Entertain es Copper Cadaiua Copper steel-Cored Aluninua 67 47 VII, VOLTAOE CONL'ROL, POSER FACTOR CORREC1'IONS... costs, and various other expenses necessary in delivering the material to the gob. American practice has shown that material savings may be made by using bare conductor of high tensile strength. By omitting the weatherproof covering commonly used...

  9. Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    of Hindus. Pakistan had two parts, East and West, which were separated by about 1,000 miles. East Pakistan cyclone hit East Pakistan in 1970. It was called the Bhola Cyclone. It killed about 500,000 people wrought by the cyclone. This caused enormous misery in East Pakistan. The War The Awami League, led

  10. CAPACITIES 2012 annexes 1 -3 WORK PROGRAMME 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Cindio, Fiorella

    * · Cuba LM · Pakistan L WESTERN · Dominica UM · Philippines LM BALKAN - AFRICAN · Dominican Rep. LM · Sri

  11. Muslim Women at a Crossroads: Gender and Development in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Cindy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    8    Yr 2000  Yr 2008  Kyrgyzstan  Uzbekistan  Pakistan China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, the

  12. Leviathan in the Tropics? : environment, state capacity, and civil conflict in the developing world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrix, Cullen Stevenson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan)Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania,

  13. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &

  14. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  15. abidjan cote divoire: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    768 OMAN 2 COLOMBIA 78 PAKISTAN 95 COSTA RICA 16 PANAMA 23 COTE D'IVOIRE Y3 PARAGUA 1 CROATIA 5 PAKISTAN 5 COLOMBIA 5 162 PANAMA COSTA RICA 10 PARAGUAY 1 COTE D'IVOIRE 12 PERU 0...

  16. Beyond the traditional : a new paradigm for Pakistani schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quadri, Mahjabeen, 1977-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan's greatest resource is its children, but only a small percentage of them make it through primary school. Pakistan needs to improve its literacy rate if it hopes to transition from a developing to a developed ...

  17. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United...

  18. Paleogene Larger Benthic Foraminiferal Stratigraphy and Facies distribution: implications for tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Kohat Basin, Potwar Basin and the Trans Indus Ranges (TIR) northwest Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Thick Paleogene sequences occur in the southern deformed fold and thrust belt of the Himalayas. In this thesis I describe detailed litho- and biostratigraphy from ten key stratigraphic sections in the Kohat Basin, the ...

  19. From medical relief to community health care: A case study of a Non-Governmental Organisation (Frontier Primary Health Care) in North West Frontier Province, Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Margaret Madeline

    This case study is designed to answer the question whether refugees can make a positive contribution to host countries, not simply as individual participants in economic activity, but by contributing to welfare. The ...

  20. The world is established through the work of existence : the performance of Gham-Khadi among Pukhtun Bibiane in Northern Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Amineh A

    2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    , Saira Humayun, and Abida Khan, Mrs Marium Faridullah Khan, Mrs Qadir Khan Hod, Pinny Hod, Afshan Toru, Nadia Toru, and Dr. Shahin Habibullah. I am grateful to all the other people whose names I am unable to mention here but who allowed me to lift... bungalow, "raydoo" from radio, and TV). I have tried to capture this linguistic diversity in people's everyday conversations throughout this thesis. Figure 3- Pukhto-speaking regions are indicated by the light-, grey shade xii GLOSSARY abay...

  1. Search aaj.tv WebAaj TV Online -Pakistan Ki Awaz Home News Programme Schedule Corporate Distribution Downloads Archive Contact Us

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    into electricity, according to the latest research. University of Massachusetts researchers isolated bacteria of Geobacter sulfurreducens which they called KN400 that grew prolifically on the graphite anodes of fuel cells. The bacteria formed a thick bio-film on the anode surface, which conducted electricity. The researchers found

  2. Improved confidence in (U-Th)/He thermochronology using the laser microprobe: An example from a Pleistocene leucogranite, Nanga Parbat, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, J. W.

    The newly developed laser microprobe (U-Th)/He thermochronometer permits, for the first time, the ability to generate precise (U-Th)/He cooling ages for even very young (<1 Ma) samples with a spatial resolution on the order ...

  3. area groups 1-7: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Chapter Seven The Foi Incorporated Land Group: Group Definition and Collective Action in the Kutubu Oil Project Area, Papua CiteSeer Summary: In this paper I examine the...

  4. For permission to copy, contact editing@geosociety.org 2003 Geological Society of America 1265

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Bernard

    . Early-Middle Miocene paleodrainage and tectonics in the Pakistan Himalaya Yani Najman Department Imran Khan Sedimentary Geology Division, Geological Survey of Pakistan, Sariab Road, Quetta, Pakistan ABSTRACT The 18­14 Ma Kamlial Formation Hi- malayan foreland basin sedimentary rocks in the Chinji Village

  5. Influence of pump-phase fluctuations on entanglement generation using a correlated spontaneous-emission laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qamar, Shahid; Xiong, Han; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Islamabad, Pakistan 2Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A& M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 3Texas A&M University at Qatar, Education City, P.O. Box 23874, Doha, Qatar #1;Received 12 July 2006; published 6 June... as shown in Fig. 1 in which atoms interact with the two modes of the *Permanent address: Department of Physics and Applied Math- ematics, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan. Electronic address: shahid...

  6. Atom localization and center-of-mass wave-function determination via multiple simultaneous quadrature measurements RID A-5077-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evers, Joerg; Qamar, Shahid; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology, G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Max-Planck-Institut f?r Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany 3Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 4Texas A&M University...: Department of Physics and Applied Math- ematics, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. Electronic address: shahid#1;qamar@pieas.edu.pk ?Electronic address: zubairy@physics.tamu.edu PHYSICAL REVIEW A 75...

  7. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

  8. Towards an Intellectual Property Bargaining Theory: The Post-WTO Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benoliel, Daniel; Salama, Bruno

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    since January 29, 1996, Kazakhstan has been unsuccessful inId. Id. Id. Id, NTE – Kazakhstan. TOWARDS AN INTELLECTUALthe matter. 328 Argentina, Kazakhstan, and Pakistan, three

  9. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 14, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Libya, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Austria, Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland.

  10. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    republic of croatia armenia kyrgyzstan republic of moldovapakistan egypt peru kyrgyzstan macedonia, republic of vietspain romania pakistan kyrgyzstan ireland bulgaria chile

  11. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [February 29, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Yugoslavia, Argentina, Brazil, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Federal Republic of Germany, Hong Kong, and Japan.

  12. Biological controls investigated to aid management of olive fruit fly in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Madagascar), the Canary Islands, Morocco, Pakistan, Indiain Morocco and the Canary Islands, parasitism rates wereand Gilstrap 1983) Canary Islands and, given the diversity

  13. INSAG-15 Key Practical Issues

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA...

  14. DEVELOPING SAFETY CULTURE IN NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Practical Suggestions

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA...

  15. SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR ROMANIA SAUDI ARABIA...

  16. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Republic Latvia Belgium Uruguay Netherlands Australia CanadaAustria Canada Ireland Uruguay Portugal Singapore HungaryMexico Pakistan France Uruguay Ukraine Spain Italy Poland

  17. afghanistan war coverage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  18. afghanistan introducing population: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  19. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Resistance in Inner Mongolia, China. Asian Ethnicity 12(Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia,in Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia (Fravel, 2010; Dreyer,

  20. Terrestrial Water Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, Jay

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from Pakistan northeastward to Mongolia and parts of easterntal Monitoring, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Parinussa, Robert M. ,eastern Siberia flowed into Mongolia and Kazakhstan along

  1. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mauritania Mauritius Moldova Mongolia Niger Nigeria PakistanMali Mauritania Moldova Mongolia Mozambique Myanmar NepalMauritius Mexico Moldova Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Namibia

  2. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  3. The Delaware Lahore Delhi Partnership for Peace Invites you to a luncheon featuring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cakoni, Fioralba

    .S. foreign policy. He entered the Foreign Service of the United States in 1985 and since then has served: United States business opportunities in India and Pakistan. United States-India and United States and India and Pakistan. The luncheon program will provide ample time for questions from the audience. #12

  4. Mitigating floods : reconstructing Lives : rehabilitating Thatta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gul, Marium

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan was struck by floods in July 2010, the effects of which left 20.36 million people affected and 1.9 million homes damaged or destroyed'. In the province of Sindh in Pakistan, most of the affected population of the ...

  5. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  6. Age, geochemical and SrNdPb isotopic constraints for mantle source characteristics and petrogenesis of Teru Volcanics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    Age, geochemical and Sr­Nd­Pb isotopic constraints for mantle source characteristics and petrogenesis of Teru Volcanics, Northern Kohistan Terrane, Pakistan S.D. Khana,*, R.J. Sternb , M.I. Mantonb, University of Peshawar, Pakistan Accepted 21 April 2004 Available online 23 September 2004 Abstract

  7. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 154, 1997, pp. 935946, 8 figs, 3 tables. Printed in Great Britain Geochemical and isotopic constraints on subduction polarity, magma sources, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    in Great Britain Geochemical and isotopic constraints on subduction polarity, magma sources, and palaeogeography of the Kohistan intra-oceanic arc, northern Pakistan Himalaya M. ASIF KHAN1 , ROBERT J. STERN2, Pakistan 2 Center for Lithospheric Studies, University of Texas at Dallas, Box 830688, Richardson, TX 75083

  8. Middle-late Miocene ( 10 Ma) formation of the Main Boundary thrust in the western Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    Ma in well-dated stratigraphic sections from Pakistan to Nepal across the Indo-Gangetic foreland derived from the hanging wall of the Main Boundary thrust indicates that source-area uplift and denudation thrust in the Kohat region of northwest Pakistan indicate that rapid cooling below 105 C between 8 and 10

  9. doi: 10.1130/G31087.1 2010;38;807-810Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    . (1996) first proposed that the deltaic and turbiditic sedimentary rocks in the Katawaz basin in Pakistan and Pakistan Katawaz Locating earliest records of orogenesis in western Himalaya: Evidence from Email alerting are increasingly being directed at Paleogene sedimentary rock located around the collision zone (e.g., Najman et al

  10. Updated: September 23, 2014 Majed Akhter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robeson, Scott M.

    , Pakistan). #12;2 Updated: September 23, 2014 RESEARCH PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES Published/In press, M. Infrastructure nation: Hydraulic regionalism and fractured state space in Pakistan. Under review and resubmitted, June 2014] In preparation Akhter, M. The long hydraulic partition of British India: Territory

  11. BIOLOGICAL AND MICROBIAL CONTROL Host Range Testing of Tamarixia radiata (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoddle, Mark S.

    ) Sourced From the Punjab of Pakistan for Classical Biological Control of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), sourced from the Punjab of Pakistan 2008, Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), was detected for the Þrst

  12. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1101711096, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11017/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and Papua New Guinea, is one of the most heavily populated regions of the world. Biofuel and biomass burning hydrological cycle, in particular the mountain cryospheric reservoirs and the fresh water supply, which in turn hundred scientists from around the world gathered in the Maldives, located in the northern Indian Ocean

  13. RESEARCH Open Access Application of satellite precipitation data to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, Beth

    and epizootic in other parts of Australia. Activity of MVEV in Western Australia (WA) is monitored by detection, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia Full list of author virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus. MVEV is enzootic in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea

  14. For Release: 9:20 a.m. PST, January 9, 2007 CHANDRA X-RAY TELESCOPE DISCOVERS COMPANION TO BRIGHT STAR IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    : Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The companion star was discovered accidentally the highly supersonic stellar winds of hot, luminous stars produce x-rays, and we were surprised to see two that of the Sun, is very luminous (giving off about 34,000 times as much energy as our Sun every second

  15. 2012 Graduate Destination Report for ANU Joint College of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arab Emirates 1 1 United Kingdom, nfd 1 1 United States of America 3 3 Total 133 35 43 211 31 193 Canada 2 2 England 1 1 Germany 5 5 New Zealand 1 1 Papua New Guinea 1 1 Philippines 1 1 United

  16. Crawford School Dialogue Australia's Role In Reducing Regional Deforestation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    Crawford School Dialogue Australia's Role In Reducing Regional Deforestation For more information of deforestation and forest degradation in neighbouring `rainforest nations' - especially Indonesia and Papua New deforestation at the Copenhagen (2009) and Cancun (2010) climate change conferences; and (b) the recent

  17. Farmer on a farm in the Moamba district. the jatropha trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland: basic facts and uses 10 1.2 agriculture and mozambique's lack of food and energy sovereignty 10 1.1 energem renewable energy 19 4.2 esv bio africa 21 4.3 sun biofuels and moçamgalp 22 thejatrophatrap

  18. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT ACTIVE CONTINENTAL EXTENSION IN THE WESTERN WOODLARK BASIN, PAPUA NEW GUINEA Dr. Philippe Huchon CNRS, Laboratoire de Géologie �cole Normale Supérieure and Technology University of Hawaii at Manoa 2525 Correa Road Honolulu, HI 96822-2285 U.S.A. Dr. Adam Klaus Ocean

  19. Part II of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part II of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 deltas is adapted to describe the response of the Fly-Strickland River system, Papua of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Pleistocene-Holocene eustatic sea level rise of some 120 m

  20. Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

  1. Reconstruction of an entangled state in a cavity via Autler-Townes spectroscopy RID A-4660-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikram, M.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan. Reconstruction of an entangled state in Manzoor Ikram1,* an 1Department of Electronics, Quaid-i-Aza 2Department of Physics, Texas A&M U...-2947/2002/65~4!/044305~4!/$20.00 65 044305- cavity via Autler-Townes spectroscopy M. Suhail Zubairy1,2 m University, Islamabad, Pakistan y, College Station, Texas 77843 d 31 October 2001; published 4 April 2002! d state in a high-Q cavity from the spontaneous e two modes...

  2. Modeling Water, Climate, Agriculture, and the Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Winston

    Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...

  3. Favre- and Reynolds-averaged velocity measurements: interpreting PIV and LDA measurements in combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, M. Mustafa; Balusamy, Saravanan; Zhou, Ruigang; Hochgreb, Simone

    2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    apply in the particular situation. The present data can be made available by contacting the authors. Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar (Pakistan) and the University of Cambridge...

  4. The Royal Commonwealth Society Essay Competition archive: a treasure-trove for historians and teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Rachel

    2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    or poems on the theme of 'Women as agents of change' – and prizes were won by children in Hong Kong, India, Kenya, Pakistan and Singapore. (Picture credit: Heather Balfour, submitted as covers for a tourist brochure in 1959) The competition...

  5. Homage to Frank von Hippel Remarks at the dinner culminating the WWS-Bulletin Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    key country where nuclear weapons policy is alive: Russia, India, Pakistan, China, Japan, Brazil a country has a total of one person; India and Russia are large enough that there is more than one. The IPFM

  6. India’s Grand Strategy: Some Preliminary Thoughts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HOYT, Timothy D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    twenty-first century. India’s policies, however, appear toPakistan’s policies, which treats India as an imminent andchanging Indian policy, in general India is not yet willing

  7. Worldwide Status of Energy Standards for Buildings - Appendices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janda, K.B.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of pakistan" Energy and Buildings 15-16 (199019] )'533 535in the IT S S R" Energy and Buildings (1990) 14· 401-409 "the IT 5 5 R " Energy and Buildings (1992) 3. Yu Matrosov "

  8. Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer by Helen Caldicott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer By Helen CaldicottPakistan. Helen Caldicott. Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer.about the true costs of nuclear power, the health effects of

  9. Two Years in the Life of the Indus River Basin [book chapter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Winston

    Reviews the major challenges and current water and agriculture context, plans, and policies following difficult years of drought and catastrophic monsoon flooding in Pakistan's Indus Basin. The years from 2009 through 2011 ...

  10. M.C.Acreman,J.Fisher,C.J.Stratford,D.J.Mould and J.O.Mountford Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(1), 158169, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    (OECD, 1996) but, through their biodiversity (Dugan, 1993), natural resources and buffering), the Indus delta in Pakistan (Meynell and Qureshi, 1995), the peat swamps of Indonesia (Maltby et al., 1996

  11. Phytologia (August 2008) 90(2)208 TAXONOMIC STUDY OF JUNIPERUS EXCELSA AND J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    of J. polycarpos K. Koch. from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan has been examined using from Armenia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Myrcene is a large component in the oils from Kazakhstan and Kazakhstan sites. Should thes

  12. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 21, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Argentina, Brazil, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Belgium, France, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.

  13. JPRS report, nuclear developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains articles concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China; (2) Japan, North Korea, South Korea; (3) Bulgaria; (4) Argentina, Brazil, Honduras; (5) India, Iran, Pakistan, Syria; (6) Soviet Union; and (7) France, Germany, Turkey.

  14. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 23, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Brazil, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, and United Kingdom.

  15. 9/18/09 2:30 PMYour Newz -LifeCoach: alternative activities for Labradors -Similar news Page 1 of 4http://www.yournewz.com/similar/12592136/2009/08/25/category=0/source=0/0/LifeCoach:+alternative+activities+for+Labradors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    ] Categories Arts and Culture (803) Movies (829) Television (749) Music (513) More categories... Automobiles as a potential alternative to its prison camps in Cuba. Pakistan Lifts Longtime Ban on Political Activities

  16. RECENT ADVANCES in HEAT and MASS TRANSFER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Bashir Suleiman ,UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dagmar Janacova, CZECH REPUBLIC Jonas Gylys, LITHUANIA Jurij Krope Ali Elghalban, PAKISTAN Andrejs Reinfelds, LATVIA Andris Buikis, LATVIA Asad Salem, UNITED STATES, UNITED STATES Milivoje Kostic, UNITED STATES Mohammadmasoud Azhdari moghaddam, IRAN Nenad Kazic

  17. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [February 25, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Nigeria, China, Japan, Argentina, Brazil, Jamaica, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan, Ireland, France, Turkey, United Kingdom, and Federal Republic of Germany.

  18. The people in the city of the nation : re-viewing Islamabad's fifth function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohr, Robert Allen

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is about Islamabad's center. Islamabad is a city built from scratch. It was the "dream" of Ayub Khan-Pakistan's gregarious and globe-trotting general-cum-president-and the product of its chief master planner, ...

  19. Punjabi families in transition: an intergenerational study of fertility and family change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatti, Feyza

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan, a late starter in fertility transition, has been experiencing a rapid fertility decline since 1990. Although existing research often presents patriarchal family systems as a major reason for the delay of the ...

  20. Impact assessment of hydroclimatic change on water stress in the Indus Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasheed, Bilhuda

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ninety percent of Pakistan's agricultural output is produced in fields irrigated by the Indus basin irrigation system, the world's largest network of canals, dams, barrages and tubewells. River flows, primarily fed by snow ...

  1. Modeling Gene Regulatory Networks from Time Series Data using Particle Filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noor, Amina

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    the National University of Sciences & Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, in 2006 and 2008, respectively. Her research interests include genomic signal processing, pattern recognition, and algorithm design. Ms. Noor may be reached at Department of Electrical...

  2. Sensitivity and Scenario Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Winston

    Presents the results of various scenarios using models used to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin, and discusses the policy and investment implications. The water allocations per ...

  3. THE YOUNG ACADEMY MOVEMENT CTHB MEMBER PLAYS A LEADING ROLE IN THE GLOBAL YOUNG ACADEMY AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda, all nations where the tolerance and rationality inherent than their older peers in interactions with society and with politicians. They also bring new energy

  4. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    . At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm of Malaysia Mexico Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Poland Portugal Romania Singapore South

  5. Lessons Learned from Nonproliferation Successes and Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    , Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, Libya, Syria) and fail- ures (USSR, France, China, India, Pakistan-off Treaty) is not verifiable without very intrusive inspections directed by accurate intel- ligence. Libya

  6. PUBLICLECTURE Thursday 6 December 2012 5.30 6.30pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    , and the impact of agricultural research on poverty. She has conducted field work in Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka publications, including Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: Insights from Africa

  7. Fixing Failed States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Islands 15. Timor-Leste 16. Haiti 17. Sao Tome and PrincipePakistan 11. Ivory Coast 12. Haiti 13. Burma 14. Kenya 15.In Somalia, Rwanda, Haiti, and the former Yugoslavia, failed

  8. Trees (2007) 21:141150 DOI 10.1007/s00468-006-0104-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    behavior in central Asian juniper trees has been forced by solar radiation variations controlled via cloud), Tibet (Br¨auning 1994; Br¨auning and Mantwill 2004), Nepal (Cook et al. 2003), Pakistan (Esper et al

  9. Opportunities exist for the diversion of weapons-usable material at the front end of the fuel cycle, during which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    , North Korea, Pakistan, and South Africa. (South Africa abandoned its nuclear weapons in 1991. Libya of setting up its own enrichment or spent-fuel treat- ment facilities is enormous. Countries with a new

  10. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Uruguay 1 Argentine 5 Chile 4 Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal

  11. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 128 - - 18 22 Asian and African Area Studies Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal 11 Bangladesh 15 Sri Lanka 4

  12. Processes and Forms of Alluvial Fans Terence C. Blair and John G. McPherson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -central Africa, the Middle East, Iran, Pakistan, India, China, and Mon- golia. The growth of fan research has increased in other arid and semi-arid regions, including in Peru, Argentina, Chile, southern Europe, east

  13. Debt-repayment capacity and projected adjustments for irrigated farms with a declining water level in an area of the Texas High Plains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Waliul Islam

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 382 131 '2, 251 1 Source: Unpublished data developed by personnel of the Economi" Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, for National Project FE9 ? 19, "Analysis of Agricultural Produc- tion Response. " Eight hours per day for December... . and lira. Eugene Lena and to other American and Pakistani friends and well wishcrs fo" their encouragement. The author is indebted to U. S. AID and Government of Pakistan, especially the Departmen of Agricul. ure, Gov znment of East Pakistan...

  14. Fundamental deterrence and START III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, K.D.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The public`s brief respite from the specter of nuclear holocaust abruptly ended in May 1998 when India, 24 years after its only successful nuclear weapon test, detonated five more just sixty miles from its border with Pakistan. Pakistan quickly declared itself a nuclear power and threatened tests of its own. Various capitals issued condemnations and an assortment of largely symbolic political and economic sanctions. India then proclaimed a moratorium on further testing and announced its willingness to accede to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty as a declared nuclear power. Inevitably, India`s tests will prompt Pakistan and China to accelerate their own nuclear programs, to the detriment of regional stability in South Asia.

  15. Nuclear World Order and Nonproliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joeck, N

    2007-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The decision by India and Pakistan in May 1998 to conduct nuclear weapon tests and declare themselves as nuclear weapon states challenged South Asian regional stability calculations, US nonproliferation policy, and prevailing assumptions about international security. A decade later, the effects of those tests are still being felt and policies are still adjusting to the changed global conditions. This paper will consider non- and counter-proliferation policy options for the United States and Pakistan as they work as partners to prevent the transfer of nuclear technology and further nuclear proliferation.

  16. Theorizing September 11: Social Theory, History, and Globalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellner, Douglas

    2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .) The Department of Social Thought & Research 18 Energy also estimates that the Caspian Sea region houses some 665 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, representing one-eight of the world’s gas reserves” (Klare 2001: 2). Moreover, “the untapped oil of the Caspian... to overthrow the Soviet- backed government in Afghanistan. Egypt’s Anwar Sadat was an early ally of the support for the Islamists against the Soviets and was repaid with assassination by fanatic Islamics in 1981. Pakistan’s president, Zia al-Haq, whose secret...

  17. Entangled radiation via a Raman-driven quantum-beat laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qamar, Sajid; Al-Amri, M.; Qamar, Shahid; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entangled radiation via a Raman-driven quantum-beat laser Sajid Qamar,1 M. Al-Amri,2 Shahid Qamar,1,* and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan 2The National... and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 80, 033818 #1;2009#2; 1050-2947/2009/80#1;3#2;/033818#1;8#2; ?2009 The American Physical Society033818-1 states, these are the sufficient conditions; however, for two- mode continuous...

  18. Disentanglement in a two-qubit system subjected to dissipation environments RID A-4660-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikram, Manzoor; Li, Fu-li; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disentanglement in a two-qubit system subjected to dissipation environments Manzoor Ikram,1 Fu-li Li,1,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Department of Applied...; of Pakistan for supporting his visit to the Centre for Quantum Physics, Islamabad. The research of F.L.L. is also supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China with Grant No. 10674106. The research of M.S.Z. is supported by U.S. Air Force Office...

  19. Open space system study for the Dacca metropolitan area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rab, Wajeda Jafar

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and aspirations of 70 million of East Pakistan and 120 zillion people of Pakistan. A propor- tio 'ate distribution of the national capital building is desirable. So far Karachi and Islamabad have been successively developed as the admiristrative seats... of the national government at an estimated cost of Rs. 8, 000, 000, 000 end Rs. 4, 000, 000, 000 respectively. The capital building activity of Islamabad has just begun. Dacce. es the legislative seat of the nation has as its share only R . . 20, 000, 000...

  20. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  1. S U P P L E M E N T A R T I C L E Determinants of Household Costs Associated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rheingans, Richard

    S U P P L E M E N T A R T I C L E Determinants of Household Costs Associated With Childhood households. We used survey data from sites in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan to estimate the costs borne by households due to childhood diarrhea, including direct medical costs, direct nonmedical costs

  2. GOVERNMENT RESPONSE TO SELF-DETERMINATION MOVEMENTS: A CASE STUDY COMPARISON IN INDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hariharan, Pritha

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ; as the largest and fastest growing economy in the subcontinent, the stability of India as a federal republic is crucial to the overall strength of the region. While the dispute between India and Pakistan in the state of Kashmir gets international attention, other...

  3. GEOG 5: PEOPLE AND EARTH'S ECOSYSTEMS LAB 2: POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are a delegate to the United Nations for one of the following countries, Pakistan, China, India, USA, Japan your future? Part 3. Presentation and Policy One student will present the country's population policy based on the different approaches explained by the TA. Write down the main points of your policy. Part 4

  4. Vulture restaurants and their role in reducing diclofenac exposure in Asian vultures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jeff A.

    vultures in Pakistan found that acute renal failure, manifested as visceral gout, was the proximate cause) field cases of visceral gout tested, whereas vultures dying from other causes were all negative for the drug (n 5 13). Subsequently, tissues collected from 14 vultures with visceral gout in India and Nepal

  5. Continuing mortality of vultures in India associated with illegal veterinary use of diclofenac and a potential threat from nimesulide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuthbert, Richard J.; Taggart, Mark A.; Saini, Mohini; Sharma, Anil; Das, Asit; Kulkarni, Mandar D.; Deori, Parag; Ranade, Sachin; Shringarpure, Rohan N.; Galligan, Toby H.; Green, Rhys E.

    2015-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    of India, Nepal and Pakistan banned the veterinary use of diclofenac in 2006. We analysed results of 62 necropsies and 48 NSAID assays of liver and/or kidney for vultures of five species found dead in India between 2000 and 2012. Visceral gout...

  6. A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

  7. the academy of sciences for the developing world tenable in developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    , China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan and Thailand for scientists from developing countries year Age limit: 30 TWAS-icipe Fellowships for Postgraduate Research in Kenya The International Centre (other than Kenya) who wish to obtain a PhD in the natural sciences, especially focusing on integrated

  8. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [November 6, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) East Asia; Japan, South Korea, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Cuba, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, (5) Soviet Union, and (6) West Europe; Canada, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Sweden, Turkey.

  9. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [December 26, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2)Japan, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Sweden, Austria, and (6) Soviet Union.

  10. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 1, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Japan, (3) East Europe; Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic, Poland, Hungary, (5) Brazil, (6) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany.

  11. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [May 23, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) Japan, (2) China, (3) South Korea, (4) Czechoslovakia, Poland, (5) Argentina, Brazil, (6) Bangladesh, India, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Pakistan, (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany, Canada, United Kingdom, France.

  12. Agreements --Asia 51 52 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    .02 Kyrgyzstan 111,700 9.07 Afghanistan 104,900 8.52 Turkmenistan 70,000 5.68 China 1,900 0.15 Pakistan 200 0 of the region March 26, 1993 Amu Darya, Aral Sea, Syr Darya Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikstan; Turkmenistan

  13. Nuclear proliferation after the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reiss, M.; Litwak, R.S.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, former Soviet republics threaten to gain control over nuclear weapons sited on their territories, and reports on North Korea, Pakistan, India, and Iraq reveal current or recent weapon development programs. This document offers a timely assessment of the prospects for nuclear nonproliferation.

  14. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [January 25, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (3) Near East and South Asia; India, Pakistan, (4) Soviet Union, and (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, Netherlands, Turkey.

  15. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [August 18, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1987-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) Australia, (2) China, (3) Canada, (4) Hong Kong, (5) Japan, (6) Yugoslavia, (7) Argentina, (8) Brazil, (9) Egypt, (10) India, (11) Pakistan, (12) Soviet Union, (13) Belgium, (14) Finland, (15) France, and (16) Turkey.

  16. 4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC 2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Zealand, Pakistan, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. After peer-reviewing all the submissions, the Program, and United States. The three invited speakers are: Professor Manish Parashar (Rutgers: The State University

  17. Ira Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    Ira Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Physicians for Social Responsibility NUCLEAR FAMINE: A BILLION PEOPLE AT RISK Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture of studies have shown that a limited, regional nuclear war between India and Pakistan would cause significant

  18. Fracture model for cemented aggregates Aleksander Zubelewicz, Darla G. Thompson, Martin Ostoja-Starzewski, Axinte Ionita, Devin Shunk et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

    of pedestrian evacuation from an area J. Appl. Phys. 113, 034904 (2013) Severe energy crises and solar thermal, 013103 (2013) Monitoring of railway embankment settlement with fiber-optic pulsed time-of-flight radar energy as a viable option for Pakistan J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 5, 013104 (2013) Bio

  19. Muhammad Zeeshan Zia Institute for Geodesy and Photogrammetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    , GPA: 1.4/1.0 `Passed with Distinction' B.E., Electronic Engineering, N.E.D. University of Engineering Lecturer (full-time) Electronic Engineering Department NED University of Engineering & Technology, Pakistan for Siemens Gold Medal for best performing undergraduate student in Electronic Engineering. 6 Represented

  20. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 16691680, 2010 www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/14/1669/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Hayley

    Laboratory, School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University, UK 2JBA Consulting Engineers Resources Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, G. T. Road, 54890, Lahore, Pakistan, a glacial regime, and a rainfall regime dependent on concurrent rainfall. On the basis of historic trends

  1. Volume 130, Number 53 tech.mit.edu Friday, November 12, 2010 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishii, Hiroshi

    forever OPN, p. 5 INdIa & pakIStaN: a balaNCING aCt Obama is extending a hand toward India, but he needs in all five dining halls (which Arab and Muslim students will enjoy), and breakfast (which many stu

  2. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 34: 3648 (2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 34: 36­48 (2014) Published online 11 February 2013 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/joc.3664 Remote influence Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan ABSTRACT: The remote impact of South Asian black carbon (SABC) aerosol

  3. A reprint from American Scientistthe magazine of Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    ranges have provided native Kashmiri people an inexhaustible source of water to irrigate naturally the Pakistan Kashmir, reducing houses, even entire moun- tainsides, to rubble. The Kashmir Valley itself has been rocked by many moderate and large earthquakes in historic times. Tradi- tional architecture

  4. The kinematic evolution of the Nepalese Himalaya interpreted from Nd isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garzione, Carmala N.

    Himalayan zone rock. The less negative ONd(0) values of the Greater Himalayan rocks support the idea(T) values in the synorogenic rocks in western and central Nepal generally show an up-section shift toward km from northern Pakistan to the Namche Barwa syntaxis [1]. These are, from north to south

  5. Bilham, R., (2006) Moving Mountains, 132-137, in Himalaya, R.C. Blum, E. Stone and B. Coburn, ed., pp 255. National Geographic Society. ISBN-10: 0-7922-6192-5.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    will cause minor damage, and every several decades an M7 killer quake like the October 2004 Pakistan of southern Tibet, squeezing and contorting the intervening rocks upwards into what became the Himalaya. India cause the rocks to flow sluggishly away from India's advance, curling around India's eastern corner near

  6. Textural, chemical and isotopic insights into the nature and behaviour of metamorphic monazite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Dan

    thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (ID-TIMS) U­Pb age data commonly recorded from a single rock sample from the Himalaya of Pakistan are examined. Each sample exhibits an age dispersion of between 1; Zoning; Metamorphism; Laser ablation; Plasma-source mass spectrometry 1. Introductio

  7. Detrital geochronology and geochemistry of CretaceousEarly Miocene strata of Nepal: implications for timing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    rocks has traditionally relied upon petrographic data sets from sandstones [1]. In regions where source of northern Pakistan and India as Early to Middle Eocene (~52 Ma). Eocene strata in the Tethyan portion of the central part of the Himalayan orogenic belt consist of shallow marine carbonate rocks that lack evidence

  8. Current Biology Vol 23 No 8 recurved beak of the Scandaroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Mike

    by this widespread hybridization and introgression. Rock pigeons are native to Europe, North Africa, the Middle East points to human use of pigeons as a food source as early as the Pleistocene (~10,000 years ago and Pakistan). Moreover, birds were exchanged between these two regions in the 16th Century (and probably

  9. This article was downloaded by: [Universitaire De Lausanne] On: 05 November 2013, At: 00:41

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawecki, Tadeusz J.

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shall; final version received 26 April 2013) The Zarudny's rock shrew, Crocidura zarudnyi Ognev, 1928, is found in very few localities in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. Therefore, a record of the occurrence

  10. The tectonic setting of Bamiyan and seismicity in and near Afghanistan for the past 12 centuries.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    -western Pakistan (Ambraseys and Bilham, 2003). Written records of historical earthquakes in Afghanistan are sparse ofBamiyan we find no information in Arabic and Persian sources regarding earthquakes in its vicinity sculptured every species of bird. Outside the chamber entrance were two enormous statues in rock of the hill

  11. Spatial and Temporal Variations of Groundwater Arsenic in South and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    in rural areas throughout the major river basins draining the Himalayas have become the main source. Arsenic enters groundwater naturally from rocks and sediment by coupled biogeochemical and hydrologic population exposed to unsafe As levels by drinking untreated groundwater in India, China, Myanmar, Pakistan

  12. REQUEST FOR REENROLLMENT GRADUATE SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    that the WSU Standards of Conduct for Students applies from the time of my application for admission of the enrolled or principal tribe: Eskimo (935) Aleut (941) Asian or Pacific Islander (API) Chinese (605) Asian) Japanese (611) Other API. Please print the name of the other API group: (For example, Hmong, Thai, Pakistan

  13. Research Administration Forum October 6, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Don't sign Power of Attorneys on behalf of Caltech ·All brokers should be vetted to ensure Shipping, small freight forwarder was fined $70,000 for 3 exports to a company, Allied Trading Co. on the Entity List. ·Allied Trading Co. ­ buyer of technologically sensitive goods which were found in Pakistan

  14. Art Hobson, ahobson@uark.edu NWA Times, 31 August 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Art

    War II heavy bombers. People still debate the effect of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs weapons, but without intercontinental range. Today, these weapons are humankind's greatest threat is Israel, with some 100 nuclear weapons. Pakistan is a nuclear power, but it's not in the Middle East

  15. Conference Salam/Musset

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Le DG L.Van Hove introduit le Prof. A.Salam né en 1926 dans l'ouest du Pakistan, un des gagnants du prix nobel de physique de cette année. Célébration de ses contributions théoriques mondialement connues. Après chaque discours, un petit historique est présenté par Paul Musset. Mention honorable aussi pour l'expérience Gargamelle et ses collaborateurs.

  16. Dr. Everett V. Richardson Dr. E.V. Richardson was born on January 5, 1924, in Scottsbluff, Nebraska to Tom and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on projects in Pakistan, Venezuela, Egypt, India, and Bangladesh. His career included 17 years with the Water. One especially notable project was when the National Academy of Science asked him to go to Egypt with a team of other scientists to show the United State's sincerity to Egypt after presidents Carter

  17. FINAL (PNNL-20432) Nuclear Nonproliferation and Arms Control Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .g., North Korea, Pakistan). Fissile materials, nuclear reactors, reprocessing and enrichment technology the export is subject to IAEA safeguards....The Zangger Committee helps to prevent the diversion of exported the export of "plants for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel elements, and equipment especially designed

  18. Quenching of spontaneous emission through interference of incoherent pump processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapale, KT; Scully, Marlan O.; Zhu, S. Y.; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1,4 s A & M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 , D-85748 Garching, Germany t University, Hong Kong, China m University, Islamabad, Pakistan d 14 October 2002; published 7 February 2003! n of a V-type three-level atom...

  19. Quantum theory of a micromaser operating on the atomic scattering from a resonant standing wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saif, F.; Le Kien, F.; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - 1050-2947/2001/64~4!/043812~9!/$20.00 64 043812- g on the atomic scattering standing wave 2 and M. S. Zubairy1,3 University, 54320 Islamabad, Pakistan , Chofushi, Tokyo, Japan y, College Station, Texas 77843 d 18 September 2001! e light field...

  20. Quantum search protocol for an atomic array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scully, Marlan O.; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    without inversion @6#, 1050-2947/2001/64~2!/022304~5!/$20.00 64 022304- l for an atomic array M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 y, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 , 85748 Garching, Germany m University, Islamabad, Pakistan published 5 July 2001! d of ordinary...

  1. Entanglement generation in a two-mode quantum beat laser RID A-4660-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikram, Manzoor; Li, Gao-xiang; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entanglement generation in a two-mode quantum beat laser Manzoor Ikram,1 Gao-xiang Li,1,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3,4 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Department of Physics, Huazhong...

  2. Improving engine efficiency by extracting laser energy from hot exhaust gas RID A-1272-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rostovtsev, Y. V.; Matsko, A. B.; Nayak, N.; Zubairy, M. Suhail; Scully, Marlan O.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1050-2947/2003/67~5!/053811~8!/$20.00 67 0538 g laser energy from hot exhaust gas ,1 M. S. Zubairy,1,2 and M. O. Scully 1,3,4 , Texas A&M University, Texas 77843-4242, USA m University, Islamabad, Pakistan s A&M University, Texas 77843, USA , D...

  3. Two-time intensity correlation in a driven three-level system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, H.; Zhu, S. Y.; Zubairy, M. Suhail; Scully, Marlan O.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &, ~1! *Permanent address: Department of Electronics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. PHYSICAL REVIEW A MARCH 1996VOLUME 53, NUMBER 3 531050-2947/96/53~3!/1834~5!/$10.00 1834 ? 1996 The American Physical Society where i , j51...

  4. One-atom correlated-emission laser RID C-6638-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ho-Joon; Khosa, Ashfaq H.; Lee, Hai-Woong; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One-atom correlated-emission laser Ho-Joon Kim,1,2 Ashfaq H. Khosa,1 Hai-Woong Lee,1,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Department of Physics, Korea Advanced...

  5. National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis Prepared by: Muhammad Iqbal Sial PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .5. Black liquor 2 2. TRENDS IN CONSUMPTION 2 2.1. Consumption by geographical location 3 2.2. Consumption. Province/territory wise distribution of wild lands. 13 10. National energy consumption by source. 20 112nd Draft Desk Study on National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis PAKISTAN Prepared

  6. A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams? TransAsia Pipeline System (TAPS): A Shared Natural Gas Pipeline situations where there are eager purchasers of natural gas (India and Pakistan), willing suppliers of natural

  7. 2 MARCH 2007 VOL 315 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org1224 he world may no longer face a serious

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stenchikov, Georgiy L.

    (4). India and Pakistan, for instance, have previously tested nuclear weapons and are now thought of global nuclear warfare, but regional conflicts continue. Within this milieu, acquiring nuclear weapons). Eight nations are known to have nuclear weapons. In addition, North Korea may have a small, but growing

  8. 178 Seismological Research Letters Volume 79, Number 2 March/April 2008 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koper, Keith D.

    2006 North Korea announced that it had con- ducted a nuclear weapons test, its first, at the Chik nuclear test, carried out by Pakistan on 30 May 1998 (Wallace 1998). The North Korean event was small (4 seismometers. Therefore, it provides a nice test of the nuclear explosion monitoring capability of the open

  9. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LePoer, B.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  10. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.R.

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  11. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  12. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  13. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 3). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  14. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  15. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent; Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  16. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 4). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  17. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/4: Missile Control in South Asia and the Role of Cooperative Monitoring Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamal, N.; Sawhney, P.

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The succession of nuclear tests by India and Pakistan in May 1998 has changed the nature of their missile rivalry, which is only one of numerous manifestations of their relationship as hardened adversaries, deeply sensitive to each other's existing and evolving defense capabilities. The political context surrounding this costly rivalry remains unmediated by arms control measures or by any nascent prospect of detente. As a parallel development, sensible voices in both countries will continue to talk of building mutual confidence through openness to avert accidents, misjudgments, and misinterpretations. To facilitate a future peace process, this paper offers possible suggestions for stabilization that could be applied to India's and Pakistan's missile situation. Appendices include descriptions of existing missile agreements that have contributed to better relations for other countries as well as a list of the cooperative monitoring technologies available to provide information useful in implementing subcontinent missile regimes.

  18. The Nonproliferation Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.

    2000-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this paper is to understand the numerous nuclear-related agreements that involve India and Pakistan, and in so doing identify starting points for future confidence-creating and confidence-building projects. Existing nuclear-related agreements provide a framework under which various projects can be proposed that foster greater nuclear transparency and cooperation in South Asia. The basic assumptions and arguments underlying this paper can be summarized as follows: (1) Increased nuclear transparency between India and Pakistan is a worthwhile objective, as it will lead to the irreversibility of extant nuclear agreements, the prospects of future agreements; and the balance of opacity and transparency required for stability in times of crises; (2) Given the current state of Indian and Pakistani relations, incremental progress in increased nuclear transparency is the most likely future outcome; and (3) Incremental progress can be achieved by enhancing the information exchange required by existing nuclear-related agreements.

  19. Study of the effect of seasonal desiccation and wetting on the strength of highway subgrade soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswas, Bhupati Ranjan

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for possible deteriora- tion of soil strength due to cyolic drying and wetting. Likewise the test procedure (28) used by the Kansas State Highway Commission provides for saturation ranging from a few minutes to two weeks, depending on the density... (il, ). East Pakistan can be divided into three broad geological divisions: (a) the deltaic coastal areas; (b) the broad alluvial valleys of the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers through the central, western and northern portion of the country; and (c...

  20. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    India 69 India 22 Saudi Arabia 27 Canada 13 Taiwan 24 Israel 12 Israel 18 Vietnam 10 Nigeria 16 Turkey 8/Kenya/Spain/Thailand/Venezuela 4 Pakistan 11 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13/Television/Interactive Media 1 1 Finance 64 23 87 Genetic Counseling 3 3 General Studies/Undeclared 282 1 283 Health Policy

  1. Coping with Change: Understanding Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N A F G H A N I S TA N PAKISTAN I R A N C H I N A T U R K M E N I S T A N R U S S I A UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN AZERBAIJAN KUWAIT, if not millennia, large parts of contemporary Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were home

  2. Newsfront 5-18 November 2007, Issue 40

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    during the Holi festival. They used both which made everybody laugh. (Photo 5 on front page) Next it was time for the palanquin procession. Grandsons and others lifted the elders for a procession around the garden. Fear turned to exhilaration... to two years," she said. Bhutto asked the international community to put pressure on Musharraf to reverse his decision so that free and fair elections could be held. Reports from Pakistan suggested that private TV channels have been taken off air...

  3. Supplement 23, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , ?. I., 1972, Para-zitologiia, Leningrad, v. 6 (6), 555-557 Pellucidhaptor pricei sp. ?.: river Volga at Moshkov Abramis brama "bream" Halvorsen, 0., 1969, Norwegian J. Zool., v. 17 (1), 93-103 Diplozoon paradoxum: river Glomma, Norway Abramis... [n. comb.]: Villefranche-sur-Mer (Alpes-Maritimes) Acanthopagrus berda (intestine) Rasheed, S., 1968, An. Escuela Nac. Cien. Biol., Mexico, v. 15 (1-4), 1966, 23-59 Cucullanus hians: Karachi, West Pakistan Acanthopagrus butcheri (digestive tract...

  4. 11/3/08 2:46 PMTorture by Worms -New York Times Page 1 of 2http://select.nytimes.com/2007/02/18/opinion/18kristof.html?pagewanted=print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Richard E.

    11/3/08 2:46 PMTorture by Worms - New York Times Page 1 of 2http://select.nytimes.com/2007 the issue on the agenda, Pakistan worked energetically with the Carter Center to eliminate the parasite in that country. #12;11/3/08 2:46 PMTorture by Worms - New York Times Page 2 of 2http://select.nytimes.com/2007

  5. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  6. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa, Namibia; (2) China; (3) South Korea, Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines; (4) Yugoslavia; (5) Brazil, Argentina, Cuba; (6) India, Libya, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) France, Germany, Netherlands.

  7. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

  8. Chirac Said “Non” – Or Did He? Revisiting U.S. - UN Diplomacy on the 2003 Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rrecchia, Stefano

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could for the most part be financed through sales of Iraqi oil.29 The belief that a protracted stabilization mission would be unnecessary in Iraq further reduced any incentive to secure UN approval as a means of legitimating the war and facilitating... Washington significant leverage over its foreign policy. Germany and Syria, by contrast, were firmly opposed. That put all the weight on the other six nonpermanent members, who remained uncommitted: Mexico, Chile, Pakistan, Angola, Cameroon, and Guinea...

  9. Policy issues facing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and prospects for the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, J.

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is divided into the following 5 sections: (1) Background; (2) Major Issues Facing Ratification of CTBT; (3) Current Status on CTBT Ratification; (4) Status of CTBT Signatories and Ratifiers; and (5) CTBT Activities Not Prohibited. The major issues facing ratification of CTBT discussed here are: impact on CTBT of START II and ABM ratification; impact of India and Pakistan nuclear tests; CTBT entry into force; and establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization.

  10. U.S. Air Force (USAF) Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|IndustrialCenterMarchC. BERKELEY: NEGAWATT THE SERRANO- Pakistan

  11. C-Band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (C-SAPR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N

    2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The C-band scanning ARM precipitation radar (C-SAPR) is a scanning polarimetric Doppler radar transmitting simultaneously in both H and V polarizations. With a 350-kW magnetron transmitter, this puts 125 kW of transmitted power for each polarization. The receiver for the C-SAPR is a National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) -developed Hi-Q system operating in a coherent-on-receive mode. The ARM Climate Research Facility operates two C-SAPRs; one of them is deployed near the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility near the triangular array of X-SAPRs, and the second C-SAPR is deployed at ARM’s Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea.

  12. Darwin : The Third DOE ARM TWP ARCS Site /

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clements, William E.; Jones, L. A. (Larry A.); Baldwin, T. (Tony); Nitschke, K. (Kim)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy's (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program began operations in its Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) locale in October 1996 when the first Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS) began collecting data on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Two years later, in November 1998, a second ARCS began operations on the island of Nauru in the Central Pacific. Now a third ARCS has begun collecting data in Darwin, Australia. The Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites are operated through collaborative agreements with the PNG National Weather Service, The Nauru Department of Industry and Economic Development (IED), and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's (BOM) Special Services Unit (SSU) respectively. All ARM TWP activities in the region are coordinated with the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) based in Apia, Samoa. The Darwin ARM site and its role in the ARM TWP Program are discussed.

  13. Freezing the fighting: Military disengagement on the Siachen Glacier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmed, S. [Asia Foundation, Islamabad (Pakistan); Sahni, V. [Jawaharlal Nehru Univ., New Delhi (India)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1984, India and Pakistan have confronted each other militarily for control over the Siachen Glacier and its approaches in the eastern Karakoram mountain range, adjacent to the borders of India, Pakistan, and China. The longest-running armed conflict between two regular armies in the twentieth century, the conflict in Siachen has resulted in hundreds of casualties, mainly because of adverse climatic conditions and harsh terrain. The economic cost of sustaining a conflict in that geographically remote and climatically inhospitable region has also been extremely high for both countries. Past efforts by India and Pakistan to find a mutually acceptable solution have failed, mainly because of mutual distrust and suspicion. This paper examines Indian and Pakistani perceptions, preference, and policies, and identifies options for resolving the conflict. This paper also identifies the most appropriate verification and monitoring technologies to assist policy-makers in ensuring agreement stability and compliance. While a future agreement on resolving the dispute will depend, above all, on the political will of the Indian and Pakistani leaderships, adequate, appropriate verification and monitoring mechanism will enhance their ability to reach a sustainable and durable accord of the Siachen conflict. 1 fig.

  14. Blood and hair lead in children with different extents of iron deficiency in Karachi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ataur Rahman, Muhammad; Rahman, Bushra [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan)] [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan); Saeed Ahmad, Muhammad [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom); Blann, Andrew [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom)] [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom); Ahmed, Nessar, E-mail: N.Ahmed@mmu.ac.uk [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Childhood iron deficiency has a high incidence in Pakistan. Some but not all studies have shown that dietary iron deficiency may cause increased absorption of lead as both compete for the same transporters in the small intestine. Therefore, children in Pakistan, residing in heavily polluted cities like Karachi may be prone to lead poisoning. This hypothesis was tested by investigating blood and hair lead concentrations in children from Karachi who were divided into four groups of iron status; normal, borderline iron deficiency, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia. A prospective observational study was conducted where 269 children were categorized into four groups of iron status using the World Health Organization criteria and one based on soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood iron status was determined using a full blood count, serum iron, ferritin, transferrin saturation and soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood lead was determined by graphite atomic absorption spectroscopy, whereas hair lead was assessed using an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy technique. Blood lead concentrations were significantly higher in children with iron deficiency anaemia (mean [95% confidence intervals] were 24.9 [22.6-27.2] {mu}g/dL) compared to those with normal iron status (19.1 [16.8-21.4] {mu}g/dL) using WHO criteria. In contrast, hair lead content was not significantly different in children of different iron status. Our findings reinforce the importance of not only reducing environmental lead pollution but also the development of national health strategies to reduce childhood iron deficiency in Pakistan.

  15. Popular Television and Visual Culture: Intentions and Perceptions of Aliens in America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sourdot, Ludovic A.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    . The Tolchuks anticipate that their teenage son Justin will become more popular at school by associating with an international student. In the first episode, their plan takes an unexpected turn when the family expecting to host a blond-haired, blue...-eyed Scandinavian high school student, instead meets Raja, a Muslim teenager from Pakistan. The title of the show, Aliens in America, is a play on words in that the lead characters, Justin an American student and Raja a Pakistani exchange 12 student, are both...

  16. Special Publication No. 6, Subject: Nematoda and Nematode Diseases, Part 2: Supergenera, Genera, Species, and Subspecies: C-E.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Hanfman, Deborah T.

    , amphibia, and reptiles? East Pakistan Camallanidae Radili et and Henry, I915 Olsen, L. S., 1952 a, 194-195 Camallanidae Rauther, M., I930 a, 375 Camallanidae Schuurmans Stekhoven, J. H., 1935 f. V.c 22, V.c 23 Spiruroidea Camallanidae Raill...?nndarm) all from Nagpur, India Camallanides prashadi Baylis ? Daubney Walton, ?. C., 1932 c, 151 Rana tigrina Camallanides prashadi Baylis and Daubney, 1922 Walton, A. C., 1935 a, 34, 36 Rana tigerina(sie]1 India NEMATODA AND NEMATODE DISEASES...

  17. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 5, Issue 7 (Special Issue), 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    elemental and zircon Hf isotopic geochemistry of mafic and ultramafic rocks from the Early Cretaceous Comei large igneous province in SE Tibet: constraints on mantle source characteristics and petrogenesis Di-Cheng Zhu, Xuan-Xue Mo, Zhi-Dan Zhao, Yaoling... , and deposition of trench sediments. All this is followed sequentially by emplacement and intrusion of calc-alkaline and Andean-type Trans-Himalayan batholiths from Pakistan to the easternmost parts of the Himalaya in Arunachal Pradesh. Once the Tethyan Ocean...

  18. Investigating the Current Terrorist Threat to the U.S. Homeland - Determining al-Qa'ida's Targeting Strategy: Who's in the Crosshairs?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacon-Ward, Ashley; Bell, Kevin; Brandt, Gretchen; Brown, Nathan; Figuerola, Andy; Foix, Marissa; Formanek, Mary; Holden, David; Vrdoljak, Denis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to comprehend what makes soft targets particularly attractive to terrorists, such as al-Qa?ida, and why hardening a target increases the cost of an attack. For example, one source defines a hard target as ?[a] site, normally constructed under rock or concrete..., al-Qa?ida‘s central leadership helped plan terrorist operations for others to conduct, such as the 2004 Madrid train bombings, and now that it has reconstituted a safe haven in Pakistan, al-Qa?ida has regained more of its strength and relevance.4 Al...

  19. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 3, Issue 5, January - June 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mainali, Kumar P

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the forest at Everest’s base is 75 percent destroyed, replaced by a jumble of rocks interspersed with lonesome trees. All the Khumbu’s junipers have fallen to axes . . . The degradation of the Himalayas is not confined to the tall peaks. In Pakistan, India... material. “Tut-tut,” you say. “A purloined phrase... an undocumented source? Where’s the harm? Everybody does it!” Purloined phrase? Not quite. One of the sources cited for apparently minor points was in fact looted: page after page was lifted...

  20. The Role of the Horse in Mughal Miniature Paintings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Emily

    2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    ) ....................................................... 32 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The Mughal Empire In 1526, a Timurid prince named Zahir ad-Din Muhammad Babur conquered the land called Hindustan (present-day Northern India and Pakistan) and established the Mughal Empire. The word... for himself by bringing in the arts and cultures from his homeland2. _______________ This thesis follows the style of Muqarnas. 2 Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun, Babur?s eldest son, was unable to hold together the newly formed Kingdom and in 1540, he...

  1. Palatine, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, New York:Ozark,PacificPainesville, Ohio:Pakistan:

  2. Cooperative measures to support the Indo-Pak Agreement Reducing Risk from Accidents Relating to Nuclear Weapons.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishra, Sitakanta; Ahmed, Mansoor

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2012, India and Pakistan reaffirmed the Agreement on Reducing the Risk from Accidents Relating to Nuclear Weapons. Despite a history of mutual animosity and persistent conflict between the two countries, this agreement derives strength from a few successful nuclear confidence building measures that have stood the test of time. It also rests on the hope that the region would be spared a nuclear holocaust from an accidental nuclear weapon detonation that might be misconstrued as a deliberate use of a weapon by the other side. This study brings together two emerging strategic analysts from South Asia to explore measures to support the Agreement and further develop cooperation around this critical issue. This study briefly dwells upon the strategic landscape of nuclear South Asia with the respective nuclear force management structures, doctrines, and postures of India and Pakistan. It outlines the measures in place for the physical protection and safety of nuclear warheads, nuclear materials, and command and control mechanisms in the two countries, and it goes on to identify the prominent, emerging challenges posed by the introduction of new weapon technologies and modernization of the respective strategic forces. This is followed by an analysis of the agreement itself leading up to a proposed framework for cooperative measures that might enhance the spirit and implementation of the agreement.

  3. Cooperative Mmonitoring Center Occasional Paper/5: Propspects of Conventional Arms Control in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Amit; Kamal, Nazir

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The intensely adversarial relationship between India and Pakistan is marked by military rivalry, mutual distrust, and suspicion. The most dividing disagreement has been over the Kashmir region. An inability to discuss the Kashmir issue has prevented discussion on other important issues. Since there is little prospect of detente, at least in the near-term, the question is whether this rivalry can be contained by other means, such as arms control approaches. Conventional arms control has been applied flexibly and successfully in some regions to reduce threat-perceptions and achieve reassuring military stability. Some lessons from other international models might be applied to the India/Pakistan context. This paper discusses the status of conventional arms control in South Asia, the dominant Indian and Pakistani perceptions about arms control, the benefits that could be derived from arms control, as well as the problems and prospects of arms control. It also discusses existing conventional arms control agreements at the regional and global levels as well as the potential role of cooperative monitoring technology.

  4. Gas Centrifuges and Nuclear Proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David

    2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas centrifuges have been an ideal enrichment method for a wide variety of countries. Many countries have built gas centrifuges to make enriched uranium for peaceful nuclear purposes. Other countries have secretly sought centrifuges to make highly enriched uranium for nuclear weapons. In more recent times, several countries have secretly sought or built gas centrifuges in regions of tension. The main countries that have been of interest in the last two decades have been Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. Currently, most attention is focused on Iran, Pakistan, and North Korea. These states did not have the indigenous abilities to make gas centrifuges, focusing instead on illicit and questionable foreign procurement. The presentation covered the following main sections: Spread of centrifuges through illicit procurement; Role of export controls in stopping proliferation; Increasing the transparency of gas centrifuge programs in non-nuclear weapon states; and, Verified dismantlement of gas centrifuge programs. Gas centrifuges are important providers of low enriched uranium for civil nuclear power reactors. They also pose special nuclear proliferation risks. We all have special responsibilities to prevent the spread of gas centrifuges into regions of tension and to mitigate the consequences of their spread into the Middle East, South Asia, and North Asia.

  5. The tectonic development of south-central Asia and the paleogeographic setting of its hydrocarbon resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scotese, C.R. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Tyrell, W.W. Jr. (Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Maher, K.A. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of south-central Asia (Afghanistan to Thailand) are made up of fragments of Gondwana that collided with the southern margin of Eurasia during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The Cimmerian terranes (Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Qiang Tang, and Burma-Malaya) rifted away from Gondwana beginning in the Late Carboniferous and were accreted to Asia during the Late Triassic-Jurassic. The Lhasa terrane, presumably also derived from Gondwana, was accreted during the Late Jurassic. By the Early Cretaceous, India-Madagascar had separated from Africa and from Australia-Antarctica. In the middle Cretaceous, India rapidly rifted away from Madagascar, and during the early Eocene collided with Asia giving rise to the Tibetam Plateau and the mountain belts from Afghanistan through Burma. The sedimentary basins and petroleum provinces adjacent to and south of these collision zones are best understood when viewed in the context of their tectonic history and paleogeographic setting. About 7 billion bbl of oil and 50 tcf of gas have been discovered in south-central Asia, mostly in Cenozoic deltaic sandstones or marine carbonate reservoirs in rift (Cambay), passive margin (Bombay shelf), and foreland basins (Assam, Indux, Potwar, Bengal) in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and in a fore-arc setting in Burma. Source rocks are mostly Paleogene shale, but some Paleozoic and Mesozoic sources be present in Pakistan. New exploration is underway or will begin soon in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Burma.

  6. Observations of tropical cirrus properties in the pilot radiation observation experiment using lidar and the CSIRO ARM filter radiometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.; Young, S.A.; Manson, P.J.; Patterson, G.R. [CSIRO, Victoria (Australia)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A narrow beam fast filter radiometer has been developed for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The radiometer is intended to operate alongside a lidar at ARM sites in a lidar/radiometer (LIRAD) configuration. The radiometer detects in three narrow bands at 8.62-, 10.86-, and 12.04-m central wavelengths in the atmospheric window. In addition, it has a variable field aperture that varies the radiance incident on the detector and also allows the field of view to be tailored to that of a lidar used in the LIRAD technique. The radiometer was deployed in the ARM Pilot Radiation Observation Experiment (PROBE) at Kavieng, Papua New Guinea in January-February 1993. The radiometer worked satisfactorily and appeared to be very stable. The radiometer was compared with a previous CSIRO radiometer and the improved performance of the ARM instrument was very evident. The ARM radiometer was also compared with a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Environmental Technology Laboratories (ETL) interferometer and gave closely equivalent radiances. The LIRAD method was used at Kavieng to obtain the optical properties of cirrus clouds. Continuous observations of water vapor path obtained by the NOAA ETL microwave radiometer were employed to allow for the strong tropical water vapor absorption and emission. Cirrus cells that developed on one morning, independent of other clouds, had measured infrared emittances varying from <0.1 to 1.0.

  7. A precise passive narrow-beam filter infrared radiometer and its use with LIDAR in the ARM program. Progress report, 1 June 1992--31 May 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The work done divides conveniently into two parts. First, the completion of the design and manufacture of the new narrow-beam radiometer, which occupied the period of July to December, 1992. The second part of the report concerns participation of the CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research (DAR) Lidar/radiometer team in the ARM PROBE experiment at Kavieng, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea as part of the international TOGA COARE experiment. The DAR team participated for about one month from mid-January. The PROBE experiment allowed the new radiometer to be tested under field conditions, a test which was very successful, with very few teething problems. It is proposed during the rest of 1993 and during 1994 to make further tests with the radiometer and particularly to look at using a stirling cycle liquid nitrogen detector to obviate the need for supplies of liquid nitrogen. It is proposed further during 1994 to carry out a thorough analysis of the PROBE data and collaborate with other US PROBE participants in studying and interpreting the observations as a whole. Some further work with the new ARM radiometer will be done during the CSIRO SOCEX experiment.

  8. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  9. ARM Research in the Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade and Counting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, Charles N.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Minnis, Patrick; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Mather, James H.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Mace, Gerald G.; Jensen, Michael; Jakob, Christian

    2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The tropical western Pacific (TWP) is an important climatic region. Strong solar heating, warm sea surface temperatures and the annual progression of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) across this region generate abundant convective systems, which through their effects on the heat and water budgets have a profound impact on global climate and precipitation. To accurately represent tropical cloud systems in models, measurements of tropical clouds, the environment in which they reside, and their impact on the radiation and water budgets are needed. Because of the remote location, ground-based datasets of cloud, atmosphere, and radiation properties from the TWP region have traditionally come primarily from short-term field experiments. While providing extremely useful information on physical processes, these datasets are limited in statistical and climatological information because of their short duration. To provide long-term measurements of the surface radiation budget in the tropics, and the atmospheric properties that affect it, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program established a measurement site on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea in 1996 and on the island republic of Nauru in late 1998. These sites provide unique datasets available from more than 10 years of operation in the equatorial western Pacific on Manus and Nauru. We present examples of the scientific use of these datasets including characterization of cloud properties, analysis of cloud radiative forcing, model studies of tropical clouds and processes, and validation of satellite algorithms. We also note new instrumentation recently installed at the Manus site that will expand opportunities for tropical atmospheric science.

  10. A survey of nuclear-related agreements and possibilities for nuclear cooperation in South Asia: Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/15

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several existing nuclear-related agreements already require India and Pakistan, as members, to share information. The agreements are bilateral, regional, and international. Greater nuclear transparency between India and Pakistan could be promoted by first understanding the information flows required by existing agreements. This understanding is an essential step for developing projects that can incrementally advance the sensitivity of the information being shared. This paper provides a survey of existing nuclear-related agreements involving India and Pakistan, and suggests future confidence-building projects using the frameworks provided by these agreements. The Bilateral Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear Reactors and Nuclear Facilities is discussed as a basis for creating further agreements on restricting the use and deployment of nuclear weapons. The author suggests options for enhancing the value of the list of nuclear facilities exchanged annually as a part of this agreement. The International Atomic Energy Agency's regional cooperation agreement among countries in the Asia-Pacific region is an opportunity for greater subregional nuclear cooperation in South Asia. Linking the regional agreement with South Asian environmental cooperation and marine pollution protection efforts could provide a framework for projects involving Indian and Pakistani coastal nuclear facilities. Programs of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations that use nuclear techniques to increase food and crop production and optimize water management in arid areas also provide similar opportunities for nuclear cooperation. Other frameworks for nuclear cooperation originate from international conventions related to nuclear safety, transportation of nuclear wastes, worker protection against ionizing radiation, and the nondeployment of nuclear weapons in certain areas. The information shared by existing frameworks includes: laws and regulations (including internal inspection procedures that enforce compliance); lists of nuclear facilities; emergency response procedures and available resources; information related to the transportation of nuclear wastes (particularly via shipping); understanding and notification of accidental releases; and radionuclide release data from select coastal facilities. Incremental increases in the sensitivity of the information being shared could strengthen norms for Indian and Pakistani nuclear transparency. This paper suggests seven technology-based Indian and Pakistani nuclear transparency projects for consideration. Existing nuclear-related agreements provide an information-sharing framework within which the projects could occur. Eventually, as confidence increases and new agreements are negotiated, future projects could begin to deal with the accounting of fissile materials and nuclear weapons disposition and control.

  11. Energy and growth, a comparison of 13 industrial and developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, G.; Jarass, L.; Obermair, G.M.; Hoffmann, L.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The traditional approach to national energy issues and planning has been strongly supply oriented-planning has focused on aggregate quantities like fuel production, imports and exports, and how to meet growing demand by adding to supplies. The most serious flaw in this approach is that it dehumanizes energy planning by ignoring the major determinants and opportunities for change which lie at the level of individual people and their needs. This book demonstrates that sound energy planning must be rooted in a detailed understanding of energy demand and the social and economic activities which not only consume energy but also make up the pattern of life in a country. Its approach combines analysis of energy use with coverage of a wide sample of countries. The countries studied are UK, France, West Germany, USA, Japan, Philippines, Brazil, Portugal, Chile, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Kenya.

  12. Natural gas: Governments and oil companies in the Third World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, A.; Hurst, C.; Mabro, R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is asserted that oil companies claim to be generally receptive to gas development proposals; however, the lack of potential markets for gas, problems of foreign exchange convertibility, and lack of a legal framework often hinders their engagement. Governments, on the other hand, need to secure domestic energy supply and, if possible, gain some export earnings or royalties. An extensive discussion on the principles of pricing and fiscal regimes, potential points of disagreement is provided. A course of action is outlined from the managerial point of view to circumvent the most common pitfalls in planning and financing a gas project. Eight very detailed case studies are presented for Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Tunisia and Thailand.

  13. Oil and gas developments in the Far East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Courteney, S.; Soeparjadi, R.A.; Ahmad, S.M.S.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the stabilization of oil prices in 1987 following their collapse in 1986, the rate of slowdown in Far East exploration activities began to ease. Seismic acquisition increased slightly, and the fall in exploratory drilling was less dramatic in 1987 than in 1986. No major discoveries were reported during 1987, although small-to-medium-size oil and gas discoveries added to the potential reserves of Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Japan, People's Republic of China, Pakistan, Republic of China, and Thailand. Development drilling continued to rise by a modest amount. Far East oil and condensate production decreased in 1987 by just over 1% to 5.37 million b/d, whereas gas output rose to 11.7 bcf/day. New acreage awards were significantly higher in 1987 than in 1986, particularly in some of the region's key producing countries. 16 figs., 11 tabs.

  14. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makeig, D.; Ross, R.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to countries of the Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research in the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned. The bibliography is divided into country sections preceded initially by a general interest and reference section. This first issue covers material published or copyrighted in 1981. Wherever the hard copy of the material being cited could be obtained, a brief abstract, review or summary is presented with the citation. Where existence of a work was reported or verified (e.g., through publishers` notices, review articles, etc.) but a hard copy could not be obtained, the article/book is merely cited without further description. All listings are by author, last name first, except where the author is unknown. In such cases, the work is listed by title.

  15. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  16. The evolution and hydrocarbon habitat of the Papuan fold belt, PNG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalton, D.G.; Smith, R.I.; Cawley, S.J. (BP Australia Ltd., Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After over 70 years of hydrocarbon exploration in the Papuan fold belt of PNG (Papua New Guinea) there have been a number of hydrocarbon discoveries over recent years that have confirmed its potential as a significant producing province. The Papuan basin developed during the early Mesozoic as part of the northeast corner of the Australian passive margin. The basin's tertiary evolution and the development of the Papuan fold belt within the Papuan basin has evolved in response to oblique convergence between the northerly moving Australian plate and westerly moving Pacific plate. Restacking of the Mesozoic passive margin sequence within the Papuan Basin was initiated in the early miocene by southward abduction of the Solomon Sea plate and the subsequent collision, in the late Miocene, of the Melanesian Island arc along the northeastern margin of PNG. This later collision provided the driving mechanism for the development of the papuan thrust belt. To date, all the significant hydrocarbon discoveries made within the Papuan fold belt have been located within the frontal zone of the fold belt, which is characterized by relatively simple ramp anticlines and thick-skinned inversion structures. The primary proven reservoir fairway is the Jurassic Toro formation, which is a sequence of stacked submarine bars prograding out across a shallow-marine low-gradient shelf. Geochemical analysis of produced hydrocarbons and samples collected from the many surface seeps found in the fold belt indicate two main families of oil. A model explains the distribution of hydrocarbons discovered to date, which involves Jurassic and Cretaceous source intervals and a complex history of secondary migration and entrapment. The unique technical problems associated with exploration of the Papuan fold belt leave many elements of the proven play systems uncertain, but in so doing, they present many challenges and opportunities for the future.

  17. The formation and maintenance of single-thread tie channels entering floodplain lakes: observations from three diverse river systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowland, Joel C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dietrich, William E [UC BERKELEY; Day, Geoff [NEWCREST MINING; Parker, Gary [UNIV OF ILLINOIS

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tie channels connect rivers to floodplain lakes on many lowland rivers and thereby play a central role in floodplain sedimentology and ecology, yet they are generally unrecognized and little studied. here we report the results of field studies focused on tie channel origin and morphodynamics in three contrasting systems: the Middle Fly River, Papua New Guinea, the Lower Mississippi River, and Birch Creek in Alaska. Across these river systems, tie channels vary by an order of magnitude in size but exhibit the same characteristic morphology and appear to develop and evolve by a similar set of processes. In all three systems, the channels are characterized by a narrow, leveed single-thread morphology with maximum width approximately one tenth the width of the mainstem river. The channels typically have a V shaped cross-section, unlike most fluvial channels. These channels develop as lakes become isolated from the river by sedimentation. Narrowing of the connection between river and lake causes a sediment-laden jet to develop. Levees develop along the margins of the jet leading to channel emergence and eventual levee aggradation to the height of the mainstem levees. Bi-directional flow in these channels is common. Outflows from the lake scour sediment and prevent channel blockage. We propose that channel geometry and size are then controlled by a dynamic balance between channel narrowing by suspended sediment deposition and incision and widening by mass failure of banks during outflows. Tie channels are laterally stable and may convey flow for hundreds to a few thousand of years.

  18. Radiative Heating of the ISCCP Upper Level Cloud Regimes and its Impact on the Large-scale Tropical Circulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei; Schumacher, Courtney; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiative heating profiles of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud regimes (or weather states) were estimated by matching ISCCP observations with radiative properties derived from cloud radar and lidar measurements from the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites at Manus, Papua New Guinea, and Darwin, Australia. Focus was placed on the ISCCP cloud regimes containing the majority of upper level clouds in the tropics, i.e., mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), deep cumulonimbus with cirrus, mixed shallow and deep convection, and thin cirrus. At upper levels, these regimes have average maximum cloud occurrences ranging from 30% to 55% near 12 km with variations depending on the location and cloud regime. The resulting radiative heating profiles have maxima of approximately 1 K/day near 12 km, with equal heating contributions from the longwave and shortwave components. Upper level minima occur near 15 km, with the MCS regime showing the strongest cooling of 0.2 K/day and the thin cirrus showing no cooling. The gradient of upper level heating ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 K/(day?km), with the most convectively active regimes (i.e., MCSs and deep cumulonimbus with cirrus) having the largest gradient. When the above heating profiles were applied to the 25-year ISCCP data set, the tropics-wide average profile has a radiative heating maximum of 0.45Kday-1 near 250 hPa. Column-integrated radiative heating of upper level cloud accounts for about 20% of the latent heating estimated by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR). The ISCCP radiative heating of tropical upper level cloud only slightly modifies the response of an idealized primitive equation model forced with the tropics-wide TRMM PR latent heating, which suggests that the impact of upper level cloud is more important to large-scale tropical circulation variations because of convective feedbacks rather than direct forcing by the cloud radiative heating profiles. However, the height of the radiative heating maxima and gradient of the heating profiles are important to determine the sign and patterns of the horizontal circulation anomaly driven by radiative heating at upper levels.

  19. Electron beam irradiation of gemstone for color enhancement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Idris, Sarada; Ghazali, Zulkafli; Hashim, Siti A'iasah; Ahmad, Shamshad; Jusoh, Mohd Suhaimi [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); School of Chemicals and Material Engineering, NUST Islamabad (Pakistan); Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerous treatment of gemstones has been going on for hundreds of years for enhancing color and clarity of gems devoid of these attributes. Whereas previous practices included fraudulent or otherwise processes to achieve the color enhancement, the ionizing radiation has proven to be a reliable and reproducible technique. Three types of irradiation processes include exposure to gamma radiation, electron beam irradiation and the nuclear power plants. Electron Beam Irradiation of Gemstone is a technique in which a gemstone is exposed to highly ionizing radiation electron beam to knock off electrons to generate color centers culminating in introduction of deeper colors. The color centers may be stable or unstable. Below 9MeV, normally no radioactivity is introduced in the exposed gems. A study was conducted at Electron Beam Irradiation Centre (Alurtron) for gemstone color enhancement by using different kind of precious gemstones obtained from Pakistan. The study shows that EB irradiation not only enhances the color but can also improves the clarity of some type of gemstones. The treated stones included kunzite, tourmaline, topaz, quartz, aquamarine and cultured pearls. Doses ranging from 25 kGy to 200 KGy were employed to assess the influence of doses on color and clarity and to select the optimum doses. The samples used included both the natural and the faceted gemstones. It is concluded that significant revenue generation is associated with the enhancement of the color in clarity of gemstones which are available at very cheap price in the world market.

  20. Tectonic and deposition model of late Precambrian-Cambrian Arabian and adjoining plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Husseini, M.I. (Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the late Precambrian, the terranes of the Arabian and adjoining plates were fused along the northeastern flank of the African plate in Gondwanaland. This phase, which ended approximately 640 to 620 Ma, was followed by continental failure (620 to 580 Ma) and intracontinental extension (600 to approximately 550 Ma). During the Infracambrian extensional phase, a triple junction may have evolved near the Sinai Peninsula and may have consisted of the (1) Jordan Valley and Dead Sea rift branch, (2) Sinai and North Egypt rift branch, and (3) the Najd wrench-rift branch. The Najd, Hawasina, and Zagros fault systems may have been transverse faults that accompanied rifting in the Arabian Gulf and Zagros Mountains, southern Oman, Pakistan, and Kerman in central Iran. While the area was extending and subsiding, the Tethys Ocean flooded the eastern side of the Arabian plate and Iran and deposited calcareous clastics, carbonates, and evaporites (including the Hormuz and Ara halites). This transgression extended into the western part of the Arabian plate via the Najd rift system. The termination of the extensional phase during the late Early Cambrian was accompanied by a major regression and terrestrial conditions on the Arabian Peninsula. However, by the Early Ordovician, as sea level peaked to a highstand, the Arabian plate was blanketed with marginal marine sediments. 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. Nuclear Naval Propulsion: A Feasible Proliferation Pathway?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swift, Alicia L.

    2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    There is no better time than now to close the loophole in Article IV of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) that excludes military uses of fissile material from nuclear safeguards. Several countries have declared their intention to pursue and develop naval reactor technology, including Argentina, Brazil, Iran, and Pakistan, while other countries such as China, India, Russia, and the United States are expanding their capabilities. With only a minority of countries using low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel in their naval reactors, it is possible that a state could produce highly enriched uranium (HEU) under the guise of a nuclear navy while actually stockpiling the material for a nuclear weapon program. This paper examines the likelihood that non-nuclear weapon states exploit the loophole to break out from the NPT and also the regional ramifications of deterrence and regional stability of expanding naval forces. Possible solutions to close the loophole are discussed, including expanding the scope of the Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty, employing LEU fuel instead of HEU fuel in naval reactors, amending the NPT, creating an export control regime for naval nuclear reactors, and forming individual naval reactor safeguards agreements.

  2. Siachen Science Center: A concept for cooperation at the top of the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biringer, K.L.

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India and Pakistan have engaged in a long-running military dispute in the Siachen Glacier region of the northern Kashmir since 1984. In recent years, several unsuccessful attempts have been made to end the conflict. Despite continuing hostilities, there remains a strong interest in resolving the dispute and eliminating the human and financial costs associated with maintaining troops on the highest battlefield in the world. One resolution to the problem could be the establishment of a scientific research center in the region. The military forces in the region would be replaced with scientists and engineers from both countries who would advance knowledge in science and engineering by operating a high-altitude research station for the study of basic sciences, engineering, and human physiology. The high altitude, remote location, and unique geology would provide an unprecedented opportunity for ground-breaking research. The paper discusses options for such research and precedents, such as the Antarctic Treaty, for research in other hostile environments. 7 figs.

  3. Electrical energy conservation and its application to a sheet glass industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, A.Z. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical energy is the most common and widely used type of energy in the world. The subject of energy conservation is a concern for most energy users particularly industry. Energy Conservation (ECON) becomes even more important for the third world, developing countries, where the rising energy costs and the use of efficient energy apparatus are of significant concern to both the industry and the utility. In this paper, the application of the ECON techniques by which electrical energy can be saved and made cost efficient from the industrial perspective are presented for a sheet-glass industry in a developing country (Pakistan-Asia). The selection, in particular, of a sheet-glass industry was done because electrical energy constitutes only a small amount of the overall energy used. A complete energy conservation guideline is recommended. The load profile and its overall improvement in light of these recommendations is also illustrated along with the proposed utilization of the techniques and their applications. Electrical energy management (EEM) approach for motors, pf, and tariff control is outlined and the emphasis on energy conservation technology has been elaborated. More findings of the application of energy conservation techniques of high significance are presented in the paper.

  4. International perceptions of US nuclear policy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanley, Elizabeth A. (Georgetown Universtiy, Washington, DC)

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report presents a summary of international perceptions and beliefs about US nuclear policy, focusing on four countries--China, Iran, Pakistan and Germany--chosen because they span the spectrum of states with which the United States has relationships. A paradox is pointed out: that although the goal of US nuclear policy is to make the United States and its allies safer through a policy of deterrence, international perceptions of US nuclear policy may actually be making the US less safe by eroding its soft power and global leadership position. Broadly held perceptions include a pattern of US hypocrisy and double standards--one set for the US and its allies, and another set for all others. Importantly, the US nuclear posture is not seen in a vacuum, but as one piece of the United States behavior on the world stage. Because of this, the potential direct side effects of any negative international perceptions of US nuclear policy can be somewhat mitigated, dependent on other US policies and actions. The more indirect and long term relation of US nuclear policy to US international reputation and soft power, however, matters immensely to successful multilateral and proactive engagement on other pressing global issues.

  5. Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhammad Sohail; Abdur Rashid Khan

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as a knowledge learning tool. This tool may be used as a standard document for selection and promotion of employees.

  6. Deterring regional threats from nuclear proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.

    1992-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The most prominent shift in the National Military Strategy is from the global Soviet threat to a new focus on regional contingencies. No threat looms larger in these contingencies than the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. This study examines proliferation trends and proposes a predominately diplomatic strategy for containing the problem. Dr. Spector identifies three waves of proliferation: the first is the five states with declared weapons and doctrine-the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China; the second includes a less visible group that developed a covert capability, without testing weapons or declaring a doctrine of deterrence-for example, Israel, India, and probably Pakistan; and, a third wave of would-be proliferators includes radical states like Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. Spector's political approach is based on the common interest of wave one and two states to prevent further proliferation. Political-economic incentives have already worked in the cases of Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, and South Africa-states which appear to have abandoned their nuclear weapons programs. Spector does not rule out the option of military force. Force, especially under international sanctions, can be a powerful tool to back diplomatic efforts. Use of force, however, remains a last resort.

  7. Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

  8. Prospects for coal briquettes as a substitute fuel for wood and charcoal in US Agency for International Development Assisted countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.; Stevenson, G.G.; Shelton, R.B.

    1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fuelwood shortages and potential shortages are widespread throughout the developing world, and are becoming increasingly more prevalent because of the clearing of land for subsistence and plantation agriculture, excessive and inefficient commercial timber harvesting for domestic and export construction, and charcoal production to meet rising urban demands. Further, the environmental and socioeconomic consequences of the resulting deforestation are both pervasive and complex. This report focuses on the substitution of coal briquettes for fuelwood. Although substantial adverse health effects could be expected from burning non-anthracite coal or coal briquettes, a well-developed technique, carbonization, exists to convert coal to a safer form for combustion. The costs associated with briquetting and carbonizing coal indicate that ''smokeless'' coal briquettes can be produced at costs competitive with fuelwood and charcoal. The US Agency for International Development (USAID) is working on implementing this energy option in Haiti and Pakistan by (1) evaluating resources, (2) assessing markets, (3) analyzing technologies, (4) studying government policy and planning, and (5) packaging the idea for the private sector to implement. 26 refs., 2 figs., 12 tabs.

  9. South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

  10. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM2.5and PM10mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regional sources are characterized by pollutionmore »transport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the Ångström exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the Ångström exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing.« less

  11. Comparative analyses for selected clean coal technologies in the international marketplace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clean coal technologies (CCTs) are being demonstrated in research and development programs under public and private sponsorship. Many of these technologies could be marketed internationally. To explore the scope of these international opportunities and to match particular technologies with markets appearing to have high potential, a study was undertaken that focused on seven representative countries: Italy, Japan, Morocco, Turkey, Pakistan, the Peoples' Republic of China, and Poland. The results suggest that there are international markets for CCTs and that these technologies can be cost competitive with more conventional alternatives. The identified markets include construction of new plants and refurbishment of existing ones, especially when decision makers want to decrease dependence on imported oil. This report describes potential international market niches for U.S. CCTs and discusses the status and implications of ongoing CCT demonstration activities. Twelve technologies were selected as representative of technologies under development for use in new or refurbished industrial or electric utility applications. Included are the following: Two generic precombustion technologies: two-stage froth-flotation coal beneficiation and coal-water mixtures (CWMs); Four combustion technologies: slagging combustors, integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) systems, atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors (AFBCs), and pressurized fluidized-bed combustors (PFBCs); and Six postcombustion technologies: limestone-injection multistage burner (LIMB) systems, gas-reburning sorbent-injection (GRSI) systems, dual-alkali flue-gas desulfurization (FGD), spray-dryer FGD, the NOXSO process, and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. Major chapters of this report have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  12. Calibrating the MKAR array using transfer functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renwald, M. D. (Marie D.); Taylor, S. R. (Steven R.); Wallace, Terry C.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing regional discriminants (RDs) at any given seismic station requires a ground-truth database of waveforms from both earthquakes and explosions. Recently installed stations used for seismic monitoring have no single charge explosions on which to base discriminants. We have developed a procedure to map information from surrogate stations, having a long recording history, to newly installed operational stations. We investigated a method to compute transfer functions using known effective 13Ds for a database of earthquakes and explosions located near the Lop Nor nuclear test site and recorded at the KNET array in Kyrgyzstan. For specific source-station paths, transfer functions work well. However, preliminary analysis of India and Pakistan nuclear tests indicate strong azimuthal dependence in the construction of reliable transfer functions. The success of the preliminary work suggests we can apply the same technique to calibrate the recently installed MKAR array using the Global Seismic Network station MAKZ as a surrogate. Both MKAR, an 11-element array operational since 2000, and MAKZ (including its earlier counterpart MAK), operating very broadband instruments since 1994, are located in Eastern Kazakhstan and separated by 25 km. To perform the calibration requires additional considerations not taken into account during the initial investigation: (1) utilizing amplitude spectra, rather than using RDs, to calculate transfer functions; (2) computing transfer functions for a range of azimuths, as we believe the transfer function are azimuthally dependent; and (3) determining whether working with each array element separately or developing a single-input/multiple-output model will provide more stable results and better error estimates.

  13. India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

  14. Directory of financing sources for foreign energy projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Ferla, L. [La Ferla Associates, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of National Security Policy has produced this Directory of Financing Sources for Foreign Energy Projects. The Directory reviews programs that offer financing from US government agencies, multilateral organizations, public, private, and quasi-private investment funds, and local commercial and state development banks. The main US government agencies covered are the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the Export-Import Bank of the US (EXIM Bank), Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, and the US Trade and Development Agency (TDA). Other US Government Sources includes market funds that have been in part capitalized using US government agency funds. Multilateral organizations include the World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and various organizations of the United Nations. The Directory lists available public, private, and quasi-private sources of financing in key emerging markets in the Newly Independent States and other developing countries of strategic interest to the US Department of Energy. The sources of financing listed in this directory should be considered indicative rather than inclusive of all potential sources of financing. Initial focus is on the Russian Federation, Ukraine, india, China, and Pakistan. Separate self-contained sections have been developed for each of the countries to enable the user to readily access market-specific information and to support country-specific Departmental initiatives. For each country, the directory is organized to follow the project life cycle--from prefeasibility, feasibility, project finance, cofinancing, and trade finance, through to technical assistance and training. Programs on investment and export insurance are excluded.

  15. Illicit Trafficking of Natural Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Steinhaeusler; Lyudmila, Zaitseva [Div. of Physics and Biophysics, University of Salzburg Hellbrunnerstr. 34, A 5020 Salzburg (Austria)

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural radionuclides have been subject to trafficking worldwide, involving natural uranium ore (U 238), processed uranium (yellow cake), low enriched uranium (<20% U 235) or highly enriched uranium (>20% U 235), radium (Ra 226), polonium (Po 210), and natural thorium ore (Th 232). An important prerequisite to successful illicit trafficking activities is access to a suitable logistical infrastructure enabling an undercover shipment of radioactive materials and, in case of trafficking natural uranium or thorium ore, capable of transporting large volumes of material. Covert en route diversion of an authorised uranium transport, together with covert diversion of uranium concentrate from an operating or closed uranium mines or mills, are subject of case studies. Such cases, involving Israel, Iran, Pakistan and Libya, have been analyzed in terms of international actors involved and methods deployed. Using international incident data contained in the Database on Nuclear Smuggling, Theft and Orphan Radiation Sources (DSTO) and international experience gained from the fight against drug trafficking, a generic Trafficking Pathway Model (TPM) is developed for trafficking of natural radionuclides. The TPM covers the complete trafficking cycle, ranging from material diversion, covert material transport, material concealment, and all associated operational procedures. The model subdivides the trafficking cycle into five phases: (1) Material diversion by insider(s) or initiation by outsider(s); (2) Covert transport; (3) Material brokerage; (4) Material sale; (5) Material delivery. An Action Plan is recommended, addressing the strengthening of the national infrastructure for material protection and accounting, development of higher standards of good governance, and needs for improving the control system deployed by customs, border guards and security forces.

  16. New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

  17. South Asia transboundary water quality monitoring workshop summary report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betsill, Jeffrey David; Littlefield, Adriane C.; Luetters, Frederick O.; Rajen, Gaurav

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in several regions as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group made up of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and the United States convened in Kathmandu, Nepal, from February 17-23,2002. The workshop was held to further develop the South Asia Transboundary Water Quality Monitoring (SATWQM) project. The project is sponsored in part by the CMC located at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico through funding provided by the US. Department of State, Regional Environmental Affairs Office, American Embassy, Kathmandu, Nepal, and the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. This report summarizes the SATWQM project, the workshop objectives, process and results. The long-term interests of the participants are to develop systems for sharing regional environmental information as a means of building confidence and improving relations among South Asian countries. The more immediate interests of the group are focused on activities that foster regional sharing of water quality data in the Ganges and Indus River basins. Issues of concern to the SATWQM network participants include studying the impacts from untreated sewage and industrial effluents, agricultural run-off, salinity increases in fresh waters, the siltation and shifting of river channels, and the environmental degradation of critical habitats such as wetlands, protected forests, and endangered aquatic species conservation areas. The workshop focused on five objectives: (1) a deepened understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of additional regional and national government and non-government organizations in South Asia involved in river water quality monitoring; (3) identification of sites within the region at which water quality data are to be collected; (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process; and, (5) training of partners in the use of water quality monitoring equipment.

  18. Nuclear Emergency and the Atmospheric Dispersion of Nuclear Aerosols: Discussion of the Shared Nuclear Future - 13163

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rana, Mukhtar A. [Science-Admin Coherence Cell (SACC), PINSTECH Admin Blk, PAEC, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Science-Admin Coherence Cell (SACC), PINSTECH Admin Blk, PAEC, Islamabad (Pakistan); Ali, Nawab [Physics Division, Directorate of Science, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Physics Division, Directorate of Science, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Akhter, Parveen [Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad (Pakistan); Khan, E.U. [Department of Physics, International Islamic University (IIU), Kettle Fields, Kashmir Highways, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Department of Physics, International Islamic University (IIU), Kettle Fields, Kashmir Highways, Islamabad (Pakistan); Mathieson, John [International Relations, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), Building 587, Curie Avenue, Harwell, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0RH (United Kingdom)] [International Relations, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), Building 587, Curie Avenue, Harwell, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0RH (United Kingdom)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper has a twofold objective. One is to analyze the current status of high-level nuclear waste disposal along with presentation of practical perspectives about the environmental issues involved. Present disposal designs and concepts are analyzed on a scientific basis and modifications to existing designs are proposed from the perspective of environmental safety. Other is to understand the aerosol formation in the atmosphere for the case of the leakage from the nuclear waste containers or a nuclear accident. Radio-nuclides released from the waste will attach themselves to the existing aerosols in the atmosphere along with formation of new aerosols. Anticipating the nuclear accident when a variety of radioactive aerosols will form and exist in the atmosphere, as a simple example, measurement of naturally existing radioactive aerosols are made in the atmosphere of Islamabad and Murree. A comparison with similar measurements in 3 cities of France is provided. Measurement of radionuclides in the atmosphere, their attachment to aerosols and follow up transport mechanisms are key issues in the nuclear safety. It is studied here how {sup 7}Be concentration in the atmospheric air varies in the capital city of Islamabad and a Himalaya foothill city of Murree (Pakistan). Present results are compared with recent related published results to produce a {sup 7}Be concentration versus altitude plot up to an altitude of 4000 m (a.s.l.). Origin and variance of {sup 7}Be concentration at different altitudes is discussed in detail. The relevance of results presented here with the evaluation of implications of Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear disasters has been discussed in a conclusive manner. It is the first international report of a joint collaboration/project. The project is being generalized to investigate and formulate a smooth waste storage and disposal policy. The project will address the fission and fusion waste reduction, its storage, its recycling, air, water and soil quality monitoring, and the final disposal with the major foci of dealing with related chemical, biogical, physical, geophysical, engineering, management and administration aspects. (authors)

  19. Remote Sensing and Sea-Truth Measurements of Methane Flux to the Atmosphere (HYFLUX project)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian MacDonald

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-disciplinary investigation of distribution and magnitude of methane fluxes from seafloor gas hydrate deposits in the Gulf of Mexico was conducted based on results obtained from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing and from sampling conducted during a research expedition to three sites where gas hydrate occurs (MC118, GC600, and GC185). Samples of sediments, water, and air were collected from the ship and from an ROV submersible using sediments cores, niskin bottles attached to the ROV and to a rosette, and an automated sea-air interface collector. The SAR images were used to quantify the magnitude and distribution of natural oil and gas seeps that produced perennial oil slicks on the ocean surface. A total of 176 SAR images were processed using a texture classifying neural network algorithm, which segmented the ocean surface into oil-free and oil-covered water. Geostatistical analysis indicates that there are a total of 1081 seep formations distributed over the entire Gulf of Mexico basin. Oil-covered water comprised an average of 780.0 sq. km (sd 86.03) distributed with an area of 147,370 sq. km. Persistent oil and gas seeps were also detected with SAR sampling on other ocean margins located in the Black Sea, western coast of Africa, and offshore Pakistan. Analysis of sediment cores from all three sites show profiles of sulfate, sulfide, calcium and alkalinity that indicated anaerobic oxidation of methane with precipitation of authigenic carbonates. Difference among the three sampling sites may reflect the relative magnitude of methane flux. Methane concentrations in water column samples collected by ROV and rosette deployments from MC118 ranged from {approx}33,000 nM at the seafloor to {approx}12 nM in the mixed layer with isolated peaks up to {approx}13,670 nM coincident with the top of the gas hydrate stability field. Average plume methane, ethane, and propane concentrations in the mixed layer are 7, 630, and 9,540 times saturation, respectively. Based on the contemporaneous wind speeds at this site, contemporary estimates of the diffusive fluxes from the mixed layer to the atmosphere for methane, ethane, and propane are 26.5, 2.10, and 2.78 {micro}mol/m{sup 2}d, respectively. Continuous measurements of air and sea surface concentrations of methane were made to obtain high spatial and temporal resolution of the diffusive net sea-to-air fluxes. The atmospheric methane fluctuated between 1.70 ppm and 2.40 ppm during the entire cruise except for high concentrations (up to 4.01 ppm) sampled during the end of the occupation of GC600 and the transit between GC600 and GC185. Results from interpolations within the survey areas show the daily methane fluxes to the atmosphere at the three sites range from 0.744 to 300 mol d-1. Considering that the majority of seeps in the GOM are deep (>500 m), elevated CH{sub 4} concentrations in near-surface waters resulting from bubble-mediated CH4 transport in the water column are expected to be widespread in the Gulf of Mexico.

  20. Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec