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  1. Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

    2012-01-01

    2000). Fifty years of Pakistan ’s economy: Traditionalconcerns. Karachi, Pakistan: Oxford University Press.Languages of Pakistan. (2012). Ethnologue: Languages of the

  2. Acid Violence in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zia, Taiba

    2013-01-01

    women’s rights advocate in Pakistan believe that a woman canViolence Legislation in Pakistan,” Huffington Post, Octoberagainst Women in Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press,

  3. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Shiraz Jamal; Muneeb, Syed

    2005-01-01

    from various regions of Pakistan. J Coll Physicians SurgR. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Pakistan. Int J Dermatol. 2001cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan: a 6-year study. Int J

  4. Acid Violence in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zia, Taiba

    2013-01-01

    Jordan. “Acid Attacks: Bangladesh’s Efforts to Stop thesubcontinent, especially in Bangladesh and Pakistan, and inon acid crimes in Bangladesh, for instance). Reliable data

  5. The Dynamics of Moonlighting in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyder, Asma; Ahmed, Ather Maqsood

    2011-01-01

    of Sciences and Technology, Pakistan January 2011 10945 LeDynamics of Moonlighting in Pakistan Asma Hyder and Ather18 March, 2010 Islamabad, Pakistan Institute of Development

  6. Strong genetic structure among coral populations within a conservation priority region, the Bird's Head Seascape (Papua, Indonesia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starger, Craig John; Erdmann, Mark van Nydeck; Toha, Abdul Hamid A.; Baker, Andrew Charles; Barber, Paul Henry

    2015-01-01

    Papua prov- ince, Indonesia. Conservation International,Head Seascape (Papua, Indonesia) Craig J. Starger 1,2,3 Mark4 Conservation International, Indonesia Marine Program, Jl.

  7. Review: "We Are Here to Stay": Pashtun Migrants in the Northern Areas of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Elena

    2012-01-01

    the vegetative resources of Pakistan’s Hindukush-Himalaya.groups in Swat, North Pakistan. American Anthropologistof Pashto-speakers in Pakistan’s Northern Areas: Different

  8. Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    tuberculosis patients in Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc 2008, 58(of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. BMC Research Notestuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan Muhammad AN Saqib 1 ,

  9. Clinical spectrum of cutaneous leishmaniasis: An overview from Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bari, Arfan ul

    2012-01-01

    cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan: a 6-year study. Int Jof cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan. J Pak Assoc DermatolS. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan. Dermatol Online J .

  10. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE MODELING. This sediment flows from the Ok Tedi to the Fly River, eventually reaching the Gulf of Papua. This document River. The second author of this report has been served as the sediment transport consultant for Ok Tedi

  11. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  12. Pakistan's Beveridge Curve- an Exploration of Structural Unemployment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waqas, Muhammad; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01

    Raza, B. (1991).Duality of female employment in Pakistan.The Pakistan Development Review, 30(4): 733-743 Sentitio43-57. Government of Pakistan, Federal Bureau of Statistics.

  13. Islamabad: The Struggle for Pakistan's Identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Eman

    2012-04-01

    Islamabad: The Struggle for Pakistan's Identity Eman Siddiqui ABSTRACT "The capital of a country is the focus and the center of the people's ambitions and desires, and it is wrong to put them in an existing city," Pakistan's President General... Ayub Khan declared the need for a new capital for a young Pakistan in 1958. General Ayub's desire required bringing about greater national unity by rejecting a cultural baggage of the past for a new national identity. This premise disqualified...

  14. Afghanistan Pakistan High Resolution Wind Resource - Datasets...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pakistan High Resolution Wind Resource This shapefile containing 50 meter height data has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the data is...

  15. Choreographing [in] Pakistan: Indu Mitha, Dancing Occluded histories in "The Land of the Pure"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslam, Feriyal Amal

    2012-01-01

    Bloch, N. A. “Land of Pakistan: Perspectives, Historical andCrisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan. New Delhi: Routledge, 2010.University Press, —. Pakistan: A Modern History. Palgrave

  16. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01

    BDPA, and Halcrow Pakistan (2003). Asian Development Bank TAof Statistics. (2004). Pakistan statistical year book 2004.Islamabad, Pakistan: Statistics Division, Government of

  17. Girls' Education in Rural Pakistan: An Assessment of the Nonprofit Organization, Developments in Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Sarah A.

    2007-01-01

    of Women that helped her conduct her research in Pakistan.Crisis Group. “Pakistan: Reforming the Education Sector”.sector.pdf. Accessed February Pakistan Social and Living

  18. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01

    India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh Ben Crow andIndia, tensions over water with Pakistan and Bangladesh mayso that both India and Pakistan could use the water, within

  19. A look at the Spatial Inequality in Pakistan:Case study of District Sargodha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali Asjad Naqvi, Syed

    2007-01-01

    Organization, Government of Pakistan. National EducationBureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan. PopulationOrganization, Government of Pakistan. Appendix A: Official

  20. The Gendered and Sexual Politics of Excess in Nationalist Narrations of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minai, Naveen Zehra

    2014-01-01

    Beyond Crisis: Reevaluating Pakistan edited by Naveeda Khan.Beyond Crisis: Reevaluating Pakistan edited by Naveeda Khan.Crisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan edited by Naveeda Khan.

  1. . 16 (9. ).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malta, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua

  2. -TOEFL ITP -(S-TOPIK, TOEFL, IELTS, TEPS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malta, Ma uritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua

  3. The More Things Stay the Same the More They Change : : Measuring Changing Levels of Human Rights Using Computational Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fariss, Christopher J.

    ANGOLA EQUATORIAL GUINEA COMOROS BHUTAN ZIMBABWE MALDIVESINDONESIA FIJI SAMOA PAKISTAN COMOROS PAPUA NEW GUINEA OMAN

  4. Sources and management of hazardous waste in Papua New Guinea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, K.

    1996-12-31

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has considerable mineral wealth, especially in gold and copper. Large-scale mining takes place, and these activities are the source of most of PNG`s hazardous waste. Most people live in small farming communities throughout the region. Those living adjacent to mining areas have experienced some negative impacts from river ecosystem damage and erosion of their lands. Industry is centered mainly in urban areas and Generates waste composed of various products. Agricultural products, pesticide residues, and chemicals used for preserving timber and other forestry products also produce hazardous waste. Most municipal waste comes from domestic and commercial premises; it consists mainly of combustibles, noncombustibles, and other wastes. Hospitals generate pathogenic organisms, radioactive materials, and chemical and pharmaceutical laboratory waste. Little is known about the actual treatment of waste before disposal in PNG. Traditional low-cost waste disposal methods are usually practiced, such as use of landfills; storage in surface impoundments; and disposal in public sewers, rivers, and the sea. Indiscriminate burning of domestic waste in backyards is also commonly practiced in urban and rural areas. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

  5. Tactical cities : negotiating violence in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yusuf, Huma

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines the relationship between violence and urbanity. Using Karachi, Pakistan, as a case study, it asks how violent cities are imagined and experienced by their residents. The thesis draws on a variety of ...

  6. Professional Travel in Pakistan Pakistan is located in the South Asia and is bordered by China to the north, Afghanistan and Iran on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    1 Professional Travel in Pakistan Pakistan is located in the South Asia and is bordered by China important aspect of life in Pakistan and about 97% of Pakistanis are Muslim. The people of Pakistan shake hands with other females right away. Pakistani women may not interact with strangers. · Pakistan

  7. Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynett, Patrick

    Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami PATRICK J (PNG) tsunami of 1998 is re-examined through a detailed review of the field survey as well as numerous of frequency dispersion on the landslide-generated tsunami. The numerical comparisons indicate that the NLSW

  8. Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1 V. E. Toma,1 and H.M. Kim1 Received 30 July 2010, a series of monsoonal deluges over northern Pakistan resulted in catastrophic flooding, loss, especially in North Pakistan was exceptionally rare as deduced from limited data. The location of the deluges

  9. Enabling Syndromic Surveillance in Pakistan Ross Maciejewski1*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Ross

    Enabling Syndromic Surveillance in Pakistan Ross Maciejewski1* , Shehzad Afzal2 , Adam J. Fairfield/exercise planning capabilities for Lahore, Pakistan. The objective of this work is to address the infectious disease surveillance challenges (specific to developing countries such as Pakistan) and develop a collaborative

  10. Employment Patterns among Women: A Comparative Study of Rural Malawi and Rural Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan, Amira; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01

    Shahnaz, L. (2002). How do women decide to work in Pakistan?The Pakistan Development Review,41(4), Part II:495-513.is 8 and 14 in rural Pakistan and rural Malawi respectively

  11. Genetic structure of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum in the Bannu district of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khatoon, Lubna; Baliraine, Frederick N; Bonizzoni, Mariangela; Malik, Salman A; Yan, Guiyun

    2010-01-01

    adjoining with NWFP, Pakistan: district Zhob. Pak J Biol Sciof malaria in Pakistan [http:// 202.83.164.26/wps/portal/a malaria-endemic area of Pakistan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 9.

  12. HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and correlates of injection drug use among drug users in Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01

    transfusion risks in Karachi, Pakistan. Int J Infect Dis.dis- orders in Pakistan. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1988;4:threat: HIV/AIDS policy in Pakistan. Health Policy Plann.

  13. The Sustainable Use and Conservation of Natural Resources: A Case Study of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Sohail; Mirza, Umar Karim

    2002-01-01

    University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51- 2230834,>, Ph.D. Scholar, Pakistan Institute of Engineering andNilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51-2207381. FAX:

  14. Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mian, Zia

    2014-05-09

    India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

  15. Pakistan foreign policy formulation, 1947-65: an analysis of institutional interaction between American policy making bodies and the Pakistan Army 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soherwordi, Syed Hussain Shaheed

    2010-01-01

    This thesis examines through the use of archives and oral evidence the role of the Pakistan Army in the context of Pakistan’s domestic politics and foreign policy. Its main purpose is to explore the autonomy of the Pakistan Army in shaping national...

  16. PASSPORTS TO PRIVILEGE: THE ENGLISH-MEDIUM SCHOOLS IN PAKISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Tariq

    2005-01-01

    IN PAKISTAN TARIQ RAHMAN _____________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT Based on two recent surveys of some selected urban areas of Pakistan, the author draws interesting conclusions in this article about the English... -medium schools in Pakistan. The elites of the country have long realized the power of the English language and have even institutionalized the process of acquiring the same. As seen elsewhere in South Asia, the English-speaking elites of the country profess...

  17. Contending Identities of Pakistan and The Issue of Democratic Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Ijaz

    2006-01-01

    , Numbers 1 & 2, 2006. CONTENDING IDENTITIES OF PAKISTAN AND THE ISSUE OF DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE IJAZ KHAN ABSTRACT A democratic progressive Pakistan is tied with a Pakistani identity based on the facts of plurality of its being... . And conversely, a centrist militarist Pakistan as it must always rely on the religious argument will continue to give in to the rise of religious extremism in society and state. The main argument of the present article is that there is a direct connection...

  18. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    uctuations in the Hindu Raj, Pakistan, Int. J. Rem. Sens. ,Karakoram Range, Northern Pakistan, J. Hydrol. , 409(1–2),Karakoram Range, Northern Pakistan, Hydrol. Earth Syst.

  19. Diapiric exhumation of Earth's youngest (UHP) eclogites in the gneiss domes of the D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea T.A. Little a, , B.R. Hacker b , S.M. Gordon b,c , S.L. Baldwin d , P, is a remarkable modern discovery (Andersen et al., 1991; Ernst, 2001; Hacker, 2007). Understanding how rocks from

  20. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2015-04-01

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largely dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.

  1. Pakistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages Recent Changes AllPailasPakistan: Energy

  2. Energy conservation and thermal comfort in buildings in northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Gregory Patrick

    1995-01-01

    The Hunza Valley, a remote area of mountainous northern Pakistan, is undergoing rapid change culturally, socially, and architecturally. Many of these changes are linked to the exchange of information and commerce facilitated ...

  3. Structural engineering for northern Pakistan : indigenous architecture and earthquake resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Jimmy Chi-yi

    1995-01-01

    In the Fall of 1993, a joint project began between architectural designers and engineers, for the design of houses in Karimabad, located in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. This thesis records the author's involvement as ...

  4. Marketing problems of farmers in Punjab, Pakistan : a case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, Qamar-ul

    1987-01-01

    The incentives which encouraged the author to undertake this research work stem from the need for such work. First of all, comparatively little information is available within or outside Pakistan concerning the origins and evolution of planning...

  5. Beggarization: Beggary as an Organized Crime in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azam, Nadia

    2011-12-12

    Abstract This research analyzes beggary as an organized crime, or beggarization, in Pakistan, focusing on economic, religious, and political trends enabling the growth of this lucrative industry. Economic factors include the economic viability...

  6. Integrated reservoir characterization for the Mazari oil field, Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashraf, Ejaz

    1994-01-01

    This thesis describes a field study performed on the Mazari oil field located in Sind province, Pakistan. We used an integrated reservoir characterization technique to incorporate the geological, petrophysical, and reservoir performance data...

  7. Daughters of Eve : violence against women in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noor, Muhammad Jehanzeb, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to conduct extensive research on domestic violence against women in Pakistan and to present the results in a comprehensive document. Some of the issues investigated through fieldwork and covered ...

  8. A contemporary architectural quest and synthesis : Kamil Khan Mumtaz in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Zarminae

    1997-01-01

    This thesis looks at an important Pakistani architect's work and philosophy as a possible direction or approach for contemporary architecture in Pakistan. Although there are more prolific builders in Pakistan, Kamil Khan ...

  9. Local Conceptions of Food Security in Northern Pakistan: Issues of Scale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamidi, Sarah

    2014-08-13

    In 1980s, the Chinese-Pakistan all-weather friendship materialised with the creation of a modern highway that links Kashgar, in China, to Rawalpindi, in Pakistan. The highway has also enabled intense food goods exchanges ...

  10. Faunal responses to oxygen gradients on the Pakistan margin: A comparison of foraminiferans, macrofauna and megafauna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    Faunal responses to oxygen gradients on the Pakistan margin: A comparison of foraminiferans Oxygen minimum zone Benthos Arabian Sea Biodiversity Deep sea a b s t r a c t The Pakistan Margin where oxygen levels were lowest. The rarity of larger animals between 300 and 700 m on the Pakistan

  11. Louvain-la-Neuve, le 27 janvier 2011 Hunza ! : images du Pakistan, par Benoit Sneessens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesterov, Yurii

    Louvain-la-Neuve, le 27 janvier 2011 « Hunza ! » : images du Pakistan, par Benoit Sneessens Du 1er trois ans, l'artiste a parcouru à pieds les sentiers escarpés de la vallée de Hunza, au Nord du Pakistan reportages à l'étranger, s'envole pour le Pakistan. Le but de son expédition : confronter l'image du pays

  12. mise jour: 09/12/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 mise à jour: 09/12/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan École de recherche CIMPA du 22 au 28://www.lums.edu.pk/> pour y donner une conférence dans le cadre de French Science Tour in Pakistan Science Tour in Pakistan. · Samedi 28 février, 8 exposés organisés par Juergen Herzog permettant à des

  13. A reinterpretation of the Balakot Formation: Implications for the tectonics of the NW Himalaya, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    , Pakistan Yani Najman,1,2 Malcolm Pringle,3 Laurent Godin,4 and Grahame Oliver5 Received 2 April 2001 of the Himalayan foreland basin in Pakistan was originally described as a >8 km thick clastic red bed succession; 9320 Information Related to Geographic Region: Asia; KEYWORDS: Himalaya, Pakistan, Balakot Formation

  14. Irfan Ullah Chaudhary Address: 47-D New Muslim Town, Lahore 54600, Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irfan Ullah Chaudhary Address: 47-D New Muslim Town, Lahore 54600, Pakistan. Phone: (9242) 586-Present Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering University of Engineering & Technology Lahore, Pakistan Visiting Faculty 2008-Present Dept. of Physics Lahore University of Management Sciences Lahore, Pakistan

  15. Business Intelligence Modeling: A Case Study of Disaster Management Organization in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

    Business Intelligence Modeling: A Case Study of Disaster Management Organization in Pakistan Sohail Asghar Department of Computer Science Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, Pakistan e-mail: sohail@umac.mo Touqeer Hussain Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan e

  16. mise jour: 30/03/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 mise à jour: 30/03/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan École de recherche CIMPA du 22 au 28://www.lums.edu.pk/> pour y donner une conférence dans le cadre de French Science Tour in Pakistan Science Tour in Pakistan. · Samedi 28 février, 8 exposés organisés par Juergen Herzog permettant à des

  17. This article was downloaded by: [INASP -Pakistan (PERI)] On: 20 November 2014, At: 22:26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This article was downloaded by: [INASP - Pakistan (PERI)] On: 20 November 2014, At: 22:26 Publisher Genetics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e- Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan b Department of Biology of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan Published online: 19 Nov 2014. To cite this article

  18. A Comparison of Wireless Local Loop Technologies with Reference to their Application in Rural Areas of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radha, Hayder

    Areas of Pakistan Muhammad Usman Ilyas Department of Computer Science, School of Arts & Sciences, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. muilyas@lums.edu.pk Abstract: In this paper LMDS in rural areas of Pakistan. The low population density and great distances in Pakistan's rural areas make

  19. journals, especially in mathematics and engineering, as well as boosting the impact of their research outside Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Juhn-Jong

    of their research outside Pakistan. Second, human capital matters. One concern raised by the report published in this issue is that the 3,500 candidates for Pakistan's new domestic PhD programmes have had lower as Pakistan's schools improve. For the time being, the more important point is that Pakistan has opened up

  20. The Politics of Space and the Creation of the Third: A Study of the Women’s Parliamentary Caucus in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalhoro, Sanam A

    2014-01-01

    Rape, Class, and Gender in Pakistan. Lahore: ASR. Kalhoro 16women and the state of Pakistan. Women, Islam and the State,of Feminist Discourses in Pakistan. Meridians Vol. 5, Iss 2;

  1. High-risk sexual behaviours among drug users in Pakistan: implications for prevention of STDs and HlV/AlDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haque, N; Zafar, T; Brahmbhatt, H; Imam, G; ul Hassan, S; Strathdee, Steffanie A

    2004-01-01

    associated disorders in Pakistan. AIDS Res Hum RetrovirusesHIV/AIDS policy in Pakistan. Health Policy Plan 2001;16;AA, Khan OA. HIV/AIDS in Pakistan: the context and magnitude

  2. Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-04-08

    This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

  3. Benthic biological and biogeochemical patterns and processes across an oxygen minimum zone (Pakistan margin, NE Arabian Sea)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    (Pakistan margin, NE Arabian Sea) Gregory L. Cowie a,Ã, Lisa A. Levin b a The Sir John Murray Laboratories), and organic matter (OM) availability on benthic communities and processes across the Pakistan Margin

  4. Pakistan creates national centre for physics/Symmetry violation in a new setting/CERN: Circular solution to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01

    Pakistan creates national centre for physics/Symmetry violation in a new setting/CERN: Circular solution to

  5. Council Resolution concerning the admission of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan as Associate Member State at CERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    Council Resolution concerning the admission of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan as Associate Member State at CERN

  6. Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen minimum zone (7001100 m)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen) on the bathyal Pakistan margin, where sediments grade from fully laminated sediment at 700 m (0.12 mL LÀ1 O2 [5 m matter to generate abrupt faunal transitions on the Pakistan margin. & 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights

  7. India and Pakistan`s nuclear arms race: Out of the closet but not in the street

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, D.

    1993-06-01

    CIA Director James Woolsey testified before the Senate on February 24, 1993, {open_quotes}The arms race between India and Pakistan poses perhaps the most probable prospect for future use of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons.{close_quotes} Currently, both countries are dependent on relatively crude nuclear bombs that do not appear to have been deployed. According to US officials, because of fears of accidental nuclear detonation, both sides would only assemble their nuclear weapons when absolutely necessary. Nevertheless, according to Woolsey, both nations {open_quotes}could, on short notice, assemble nuclear weapons.{close_quotes} Each has combat aircraft that could deliver these bombs in a crisis. India and Pakistan continue to improve their nuclear weapons. Unless their programs are stopped, they might succeed in moving from large, cumbersome bombs to miniaturized, easily armed and fuzed weapons able to be permanently deployed on attack aircraft or ballistic missiles, which are being developed or sought by both countries.

  8. Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    /2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

  9. NEW WINE IN OLD BOTTLES: An Analysis of Pakistan's Conflict in the Pashtun Tribal Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Huma

    2008-08-25

    The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan have regained prominence in recent years because of the U.S.' "war on terror" against Al-Qaeda. The Government of Pakistan, backed by the U.S. and NATO, is involved in a bloody conflict...

  10. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; United Kingdom; United States of America Convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary; Mauritania; Mexico; Morocco; Namibia; Nepal; Netherlands; New Zealand; Niger; Norway; Pakistan; Panama; Papua

  11. Incentive and coordination issues in the mobile banking industry of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Tughral Turab

    2014-01-01

    With the introduction of Branch less Banking regulations in 2008 by the State Bank of Pakistan a new opportunity for banks and telecoms was created to service the needs of the 85% of Pakistanis who lacked any formal or ...

  12. Stratigraphic boundary problems: Permian and Triassic of West Pakistan. Edited by Bernhard Kummel and Curt Teichert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1970-01-01

    . Rowell reviewed the chapter "Stratigraphy of Permian and Triassic Rocks." Teichert wishes to thank K. N. Kravchenko and I. A. Voskresensky, former advisers to the Oil and Gas De- velopment Corporation of Pakistan, for many helpful discussions and for a...

  13. "Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

    1999-01-01

    This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

  14. Biostratigraphy and microfacies of the cretaceous sediments in the Indus Basin, Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Suleman

    2013-11-28

    In this thesis I document the biostratigraphy of two Cretaceous sections in Pakistan, the Chichali Nala Section and the Moghal Kot Section. Furthermore, I document the stratigraphy of the so-called Oceanic Anoxic Events ...

  15. The burden of stroke and transient ischemic attacks in Pakistan: a community-based prevalence study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Ayeesha Kamran; Itrat, Ahmed; Murtaza, Muhammed; Khan, Maria; Rasheed, Asif; Ali, Amin; Akber, Amna; Akber, Zainab; Iqbal, Navaid; Shoukat, Sana; Majeed, Farzin; Saleheen, Danish

    2009-12-01

    Abstract Background The burden of cerebrovascular disease in developing countries is rising sharply. The prevalence of established risk factors of stroke is exceptionally high in Pakistan. However, there is limited data on the burden of stroke...

  16. Seismological Research Letters Volume 78, Number 6 November/December 2007 601 The city of Karachi, Pakistan (population 14 million), sits close

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    , Pakistan (population 14 million), sits close to a plate boundary and within reach of earthquakes on numer of Pakistan's four provinces), is indistinguishable from that of many fishing villages on the northern shores fromavillagetoatownwithapopulationoffewerthan140,000 people. The population grew to 500,000 by the time Pakistan became an independent nation

  17. Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

  18. Emerging nuclear programs in Asia: The Phillipines, Thailand, Indonesia, and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, M.L.

    1993-12-01

    This article is a review of the potential for nuclear energy development in the developing nations of Pakistan, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines. In each country, there is a substantial need for new generating capacity, and each is exploring the idea of having nuclear energy supply a meaningful portion of this new capacity. Of the four countries, only Pakistan is currently a nuclear operator, and one vintage CANDU plant in operation and the Chashma unit under construction. Thailand and Indonesia have ambitious plans to have 12 reactors in service by the year 2015.

  19. How Ethno-Religious Identity Influences the Living Conditions of Hazara and Pashtun Refugees in Peshawar, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Punjani, Shahid

    This paper examines how living conditions and settlement patterns differ between two ethnic groups belonging to the Afghan refugee population residing in Peshawar, Pakistan. Evidence from Peshawar suggests that the Pashtun, ...

  20. Study of the evolution of legislation on offences relating to religion in British India and their implications in contemporary Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazir, Farhana Anthony

    2014-07-04

    The offence of blasphemy and its implications is one of the critical issues in Pakistan today. This research examines the historical setting and gradual amendment of blasphemy laws and their impact on religious communities ...

  1. Application for Associate Membership at CERN by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Report by the fact-finding Task Force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    Application for Associate Membership at CERN by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Report by the fact-finding Task Force

  2. PKI Implementation Issues: A Comparative Study of Pakistan with some Asian Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Nasir Mahmood; Khalid, Samina; Malik, Faisal Munir

    2009-01-01

    The paper includes Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), its need and requirements and introduction of some renowned PKI products. However, the major thrust of this work is that how PKI can enhance security of various systems. The paper is intended to serve as a guide on how to adequately prepare for some of the challenges that may be encountered especially in developing countries like Pakistan. The detail of PKI implementation issues is also included in the paper along with future challenges regarding implementation of PKI. Furthermore, paper includes technical issues hindering the implementation of PKI through comparison of PKI issues in Pakistan and some of Asian countries mainly Taiwan, Japan and Singapore. The paper also highlights the PKI issues and learnt lessons regarding PKI implementation and can act as a comprehensive guide for successful future PKI deployments.

  3. Teaching Quality Assurance and Project Management to Undergraduate Computing Students in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehmood, Zaigham

    2009-01-01

    Software Project Management (SPM) and Software Quality Assurance (SQA) are key components of undergraduate Computing programmes at educational establishments in Pakistan. Because of the nature of these subjects, there are a number of issues that need to be discussed and resolved so that the teaching becomes more effective, students learning experience is more enjoyable and their ability to be actively involved in SPM and SQA, after the completion of their studies, becomes further improved. In this paper, we discuss experience of teaching SPM and SQA at one particular institution in Islamabad Pakistan. Using this as a case study, we underline the students perspective, highlight the inherent issues and suggest ways to improve the delivery of these subjects. Since, the issues are mainly generic, the aim is to provide discussion and recommendations to benefit a wider computing community in academia.

  4. Confidence building measures at sea:opportunities for India and Pakistan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vohra, Ravi Bhushan Rear Admiral; Ansari, Hasan Masood Rear Admiral

    2003-12-01

    The sea presents unique possibilities for implementing confidence building measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan that are currently not available along the contentious land borders surrounding Jammu and Kashmir. This is due to the nature of maritime issues, the common military culture of naval forces, and a less contentious history of maritime interaction between the two nations. Maritime issues of mutual concern provide a strong foundation for more far-reaching future CBMs on land, while addressing pressing security, economic, and humanitarian needs at sea in the near-term. Although Indian and Pakistani maritime forces currently have stronger opportunities to cooperate with one another than their counterparts on land, reliable mechanisms to alleviate tension or promote operational coordination remain non-existent. Therefore, possible maritime CBMs, as well as pragmatic mechanisms to initiate and sustain cooperation, require serious examination. This report reflects the unique joint research undertaking of two retired Senior Naval Officers from both India and Pakistan, sponsored by the Cooperative Monitoring Center of the International Security Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Research focuses on technology as a valuable tool to facilitate confidence building between states having a low level of initial trust. Technical CBMs not only increase transparency, but also provide standardized, scientific means of interacting on politically difficult problems. Admirals Vohra and Ansari introduce technology as a mechanism to facilitate consistent forms of cooperation and initiate discussion in the maritime realm. They present technical CBMs capable of being acted upon as well as high-level political recommendations regarding the following issues: (1) Delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Pakistan and its relationship to the Sir Creek dispute; (2) Restoration of full shipping links and the security of ports and cargos; (3) Fishing within disputed areas and resolution of issues relating to arrest and repatriation of fishermen from both sides; and (4) Naval and maritime agency interaction and possibilities for cooperation.

  5. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  6. Developing information-space Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamin, Tughral

    2014-06-01

    The Internet has changed the world in ways hitherto unknown. The international financial system, air, land and maritime transport systems are all digitally linked. Similarly most militaries are fully or partially networked. This has not only sped up the decision making processes at all levels, it has also rendered these systems vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Cyber-warfare is now recognized as the most potent form of non-kinetic war fighting. In order to prevent large scale network-attacks, cyber-powers are simultaneously spending a lot of time, money and effort to erect redundant cyber-defenses and enhancing their offensive cyber capabilities. Difficulties in creating a stable environment in information-space stem from differing national perceptions regarding the freedom of the Internet, application of international law and problems associated with attribution. This paper discusses a range of Confidence Building Measures that can be created between India and Pakistan in information-space to control malicious cyber behavior and avert an inadvertent war.

  7. A Proposed Decision Support System/Expert System for Guiding Fresh Students in Selecting a Faculty in Gomal University, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslam, Muhammad Zaheer; Khan, Abdur Rashid

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the design and development of a proposed rule based Decision Support System that will help students in selecting the best suitable faculty/major decision while taking admission in Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. The basic idea of our approach is to design a model for testing and measuring the student capabilities like intelligence, understanding, comprehension, mathematical concepts plus his/her past academic record plus his/her intelligence level, and applying the module results to a rule-based decision support system to determine the compatibility of those capabilities with the available faculties/majors in Gomal University. The result is shown as a list of suggested faculties/majors with the student capabilities and abilities.

  8. A restoration plan for the Fly River, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Kathleen

    2003-01-01

    Design and Evaluation of tailings dams. EPA530-R-94- 038.Kehdingen, 2001). Figure 7. Tailings dam construction overand multiple hillside tailings dam configurations (EPA

  9. Characterization of Roabiba Sandstones Reservoir in Bintuni Field, Papua, Indonesia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vera, Riene

    2011-02-22

    ................................................................................... 12 1.6.2. Stratigraphic zonation ................................................................ 12 1.7 Petrography and mineralogy ................................................................ 14 1.8 Petroleum system... to LR4. Wells B1, B8, and B7 (located in the northern part of the field) lack Upper Roabiba section. 1.7. PETROGRAPHY AND MINERALOGY The Upper and Lower Roabiba Sandstones are very similar in terms of their detrital mineralogy. They can...

  10. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east districtCo

  11. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation FederatedInformationTITLE: AUTHOR(S)

  12. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation FederatedInformationTITLE: AUTHOR(S)Patterns, and Ecological

  13. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation FederatedInformationTITLE: AUTHOR(S)Patterns, and

  14. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy

  15. DOE Olk Office of Inspections -- Pakistan DRAi,

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    650.00 .Pwr prchse agremnt-gas projct Spectrum Power 245.00 250.00 F De mo.project gasification Ajinkyatara Sugar Fctry . T hemoChem - 460.00 ' * Devlop technology ...

  16. Visual Memes in Social Media Tracking real-world news on YouTube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Lexing

    80 100 0 100 200 300 400 500 Swine Flu Earthquake Iran Pakistan text processing ... query definiGon pakistan military pakistan india tension pakistan taliban pakistan bhuEo pakistan ppp pakistan terrorist #12;7 Who

  17. Austronesians in Papua: Diversification and Change in South-Halmahera-West New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamholz, David

    2014-01-01

    lightning’ (R) RA: Biga ba?ni ‘fly (insect)’ (R); Fiawat benyuw ‘fly (insect)’ (R) CB: Umar bar ‘ball’ (

  18. Predicted velocity and density structure of the exhuming Papua New Guinea ultrahighpressure terrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Sarah J. Brownlee,1 Bradley R. Hacker,1 Matthew Salisbury,2 Gareth Seward,3 Timothy A. Little,4 Suzanne: Brownlee, S. J., B. R. Hacker, M. Salisbury, G. Seward, T. A. Little, S. L. Baldwin, and G. A. Abers (2011 ultrahighpressure (UHP) terranes are exhumed [Hacker and Peacock, 1995] has been a principal scientific goal ever

  19. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east

  20. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,eastInformation

  1. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpenRural ElInformation

  2. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)FeedbackProperties of Graphene (Journal(TechnicalXCL-2Article Cell

  3. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy Information

  4. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy InformationEnergy

  5. Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer by Helen Caldicott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2007-01-01

    by Umar Karim Mirza Pakistan Institute of Engineeringand Applied Sciences, Pakistan. Helen Caldicott. Nuclear, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and

  6. Evaluation of Fitness and Genetic Variation in Aphytis melinus DeBach, an Important Biological Control Agent of Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell) in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Casandra Jean

    2010-01-01

    colony – original from 1957 Pakistan colony – from Taxila –County Riverside County San Bernardino County Pakistan fieldsites Peshawar, Pakistan Bhalwal, Pakistan Islamasbad,

  7. Spirits of Capitalism: Explaining Industrial Variation in South Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naseemullah, Adnan

    2010-01-01

    1966). “Indian Automotive Industry: Opportunities andin Pakistan’s Automotive Industry. ” Journal of Asia Pacificin Pakistan’s Automotive Industry”, Journal of Asia Pacific

  8. Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

    2007-01-01

    Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo YubaS. Cruz Kern, Kings, Tulare Fresno, Madera Merced, S.S. Cruz Kern, Kings, Tulare Fresno, Madera Merced, S.

  9. Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

    2007-01-01

    Planning Support provided by the California Resource Agency and the California Energy Commission Institute of Urban

  10. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating...

  11. Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    associated with age, cough and fever. More than 50% of theTB diagnosis. Conclusion: Cough and fever are being ignoredtreatment. The duration of cough was used to find out total

  12. Pakistan Council for Renewable Energy Technologies PCRET | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of Mason CountyEnergy JumpInformation

  13. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of Mason CountyEnergyCompatibility

  14. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of Mason

  15. Green Biotech Solution Co, Pakistan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric Co PGrayson Logo:Company

  16. Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyInc the formerPahrump,II

  17. U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory AuthorityTrack A|Injury at46:EnergyIssuesU.S. - China-

  18. Integrated Performance and Visualization Enhancements of OLAP Using Growing Self

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

    , Pakistan Email: usmanspak@yahoo.com Sohail Asghar Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, Pakistan Email

  19. Universitetsavisen 9 . 2005 21 KBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nygård, Jesper

    til Pakistan NØDHJÆLP ­ Der er mere hjælpeudstyr på vej til ofrene for jordskælvet der ramte Pakistan

  20. DMFA Logo AMC Logo Also available at http://amc.imfm.si

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Jonathan L.

    , Lahore 54000, Pakistan. Imran F. Khan PUCIT, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54000, Pakistan. Jonathan L

  1. A Comparative Analysis on Adaptive Modelling of Induced Feelings Zulfiqar A. Memon1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treur, Jan

    , Pakistan 3 COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Department of Computer Science, Lahore, Pakistan

  2. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Maldives Papua New Guinea Swaziland Anguilla Colombia Guyana Mali Paraguay Tajikistan Argentina Comoros

  3. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Malawi Papua New Guinea Swaziland Argentina Colombia Guyana Malaysia Paraguay Tajikistan Armenia Comoros

  4. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  5. Why Do Terrorists Betray Their Own Religious Cause?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearlson, Michael A

    2011-01-01

    Print. Stern, Jessica. “Pakistan’s Jihad Culture. ” ForeignIslamist Militancy in Pakistan. ” Subcommittee on the Middlecreated to provide Pakistan’s military with a proxy force of

  6. Beeran ki kai jaat ...? : the figure of the woman in Partition discourse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limki, Rashné Marzban

    2009-01-01

    Khushwant. Train to Pakistan. New York: Grove Weidenfeld,of partitioning India (and Pakistan) was assigned by theof Ibid. , 65-66. While Pakistan and India achieved ‘

  7. India’s Grand Strategy: Some Preliminary Thoughts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HOYT, Timothy D.

    2012-01-01

    security relationship with Pakistan. As China’s reliance onmilitary crises with Pakistan and avoided a majorlikely source is, sadly, Pakistan, which maintains a robust

  8. From Resource Scarcity to Ecological Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2006-01-01

    by Umar Karim Mirza Pakistan Institute of Engineeringand Applied Sciences, Pakistan Dennis Pirages and KenUmar Karim Mirza, Ph.D. , Pakistan Institute of Engineering

  9. Spirits of Capitalism: Explaining Industrial Variation in South Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naseemullah, Adnan

    2010-01-01

    of Industrial Policy in Pakistan, 1947-1971. ” Workingand the Development of Pakistan, 1913-1948. ” Journal of2008). Crossed Swords: Pakistan, its Army and the Wars

  10. The Modern Face of Honor Killing: Factors, Legal Issues, and Policy Recommendations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitoshka, Diana Y

    2010-01-01

    Amnesty International, Pakistan. September 1999. Web. 15Contextual Analysis of Pakistan's Honor Crimes Legislation."Civil Code. 2005. Web. Pakistan Penal Code. 6 October 1860.

  11. Navigating between the Religious and the Secular: Responding to the Muslim `Woman Question' in Diasporic Britain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Sabah Firoz

    2013-01-01

    her parents migrated from Pakistan in 1965. She participatedthe independence of India and Pakistan, she is the focus ofdocumentary “Saira Khan’s Pakistan Adventure. ” 113 The two-

  12. Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2006-01-01

    P.O. Nilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51-2207381.by Umar Karim Mirza Pakistan Institute of Engineeringand Applied Sciences, Pakistan Jefferson W. Tester,

  13. Lines of Inquiry: Partition, Historiography and the Art of Zarina Hashmi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Aparna Megan

    2012-01-01

    International, 2003. Train to Pakistan. Dir. Pamela Rooks.Partition in India/Pakistan and Israel/Palestine. ’to the Islamic state of Pakistan. An abstracted rendering of

  14. Cost and Efficacy of Collective Action Clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Chenbo

    2015-01-01

    Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistan Russia Jul-00 external bondsGreece Grenada Moldova Pakistan Ecuador Country ArgentinaGreece Grenada Moldova Pakistan Russia Jul-00 external bonds

  15. Ironic Mirroring: Sufis, Hijras, Artists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussaini, Sara Haq

    2012-01-01

    Bilchik, Nadia. "Pakistan's Dual Gender Tax Collectors."Sufi Shrine in Central Pakistan. ” The Long War Journal. 3of South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh). The term hijra

  16. Traces of mirativity in Shina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Elena

    2010-01-01

    Survey of Northern Pakistan 2]. Bailey, T. Grahame. 1924.National Institute of Pakistan Studies and Summer InstituteSurvey of Northern Pakistan 1]. Degener, Almuth. 1998. Die

  17. Debt Sentences: The Poetics and Politics of Credit Culture in India, Italy, and the Inland Empire, 1930-Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rawal, Tanya

    2015-01-01

    Zaara (2004): Producing Pakistan and the Bad Conscience inActorhood, and the India -Pakistan Conflict." Diss. AmericanSociety: Bollywood in Pakistan." The London Film and Media

  18. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    tran- sitions countries, Pakistan. The Dark grey representintroduction of democracy in Pakistan is always associatedIndia, Nigeria, China, Pakistan, Congo and Ethiopia). Common

  19. Review: Sonoran Desert Life: Understanding, Insight and Enjoyment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javed, Muhammad Tayyeb

    2010-01-01

    and Materials Engineering, Pakistan Institute of EngineeringP.O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51-2207381-3 xby Muhammed Tayyeb Javed Pakistan Institute of Engineering

  20. Domestic Violence Lawmaking in Asia: Some Innovative Trends in Feminist Lawmaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Silva de Alwis, Rangita

    2012-01-01

    Confer- ence in Islamabad, Pakistan (May 3, 2005). 31. SeeId. 103. Khurram Shahzad, Pakistan moves to outlaw domesticdomestic violence"). 173. Pakistan Act, supra note 65, § 2.

  1. For permission to copy, contact editing@geosociety.org 2003 Geological Society of America 1265

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    . Early-Middle Miocene paleodrainage and tectonics in the Pakistan Himalaya Yani Najman Department Imran Khan Sedimentary Geology Division, Geological Survey of Pakistan, Sariab Road, Quetta, Pakistan region, Potwar Pla- teau, Pakistan, are characterized by: (1) lithofacies indicative of deposition

  2. States and Terrorist Groups that Collaborate: Strong Bonds, Sensitive Transfers and the Issue of Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Robyn W.

    2011-01-01

    s waning influence in Pakistan and that country’s close tiesin its attempt to employ Pakistan’s spy networks to achieveSectarian Militancy in Pakistan,” in Christophe Jaffrelot,

  3. Parallels with the Past How the Soviets Lost in Afghanistan, How the Americans are Losing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Pakistan or Iran. Pakistan also became the base for most of the fledgling mujahideen, Muslim guerrilla

  4. Gemstones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrell, James

    2012-01-01

    also neighboring areas in Pakistan. Ancient names: xsbd [also adjacent areas in Pakistan. Certainly in the 18 th

  5. 23/03/2009 13:16Bees and ants are true team players | Sindh Today Page 1 of 3http://www.sindhtoday.net/world/77976.htm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reece, Sarah

    the queen carries and passes on their genes," he added. (ANI) Flights to Pakistan For Cheap flights To Pakistan Call Us Now 08703805040 (24/7) www.southalltravel.co.uk Over 3,000 Pakistan Rugs & Carpets Movie Free Movie India Pakistan Kashmir Info Pakistan Pakistan Chat with Meetic Chat with European

  6. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01

    by climate change and glacial melting. Several of theseassumptions have changed. Glacial melting and climate changeof these changes. Glacial melting and climate change The

  7. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01

    relating to hydroelectricity generation, irrigation water,resources to generate hydroelectricity Managing watershedsFor example, micro-hydroelectricity generation may be an

  8. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01

    Center. (2004). Solid waste management study, Multan.and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan,problems related to solid waste management in Multan City.

  9. A proposed college level teacher-training program in agricultural education for East Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Moslehuddin

    1959-01-01

    PQRKQBTURR, "%- THi? UNXYED BMTMs At the time ef' the~ssage cf the Fedeiei Act~ 13Nle instrugMen on college level teacher-training was given th M~iroes whereas it' was ~ff&5~-with xdxita=tauw~s? Nor Megr45sx- ~M= thQ W@4?QLCiQQ. -~ fus po. "gt~~:pgQ@k g... extension soak en the sub-division arid higher. 2-- Agxicultxxxal xeseaech woxk in the dUfszent linies ef epeeisl- search and education branch of the Mx'actor'ats of Agxieultuxe? 'a'gx4eultv'gsl;sduosti~ , though . the agxiqu3, tm'al q~en'-sesylce. ie...

  10. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01

    Bones Metals Textile Wood Composting Community Developmentestablished a solid waste composting plant as a theme ofwaste sorting and composting plant, which was manufactured

  11. Department of State Advancing Democracy, Human Rights and Rule of Law in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    of Energy U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center: Energy and Water URL: https · Application deadline: May 4, 2015 Department of Justice The Sexual Assault Kit Initiative: National Training

  12. Learning from the Past, Looking to the Future: Modeling Social Unrest in Karachi, Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olson, Jarrod; Kurzrok, Andrew J.; Hund, Gretchen; Fagley, Erik M.

    2014-01-01

    Social unrest represents a major challenge for policy makers around the globe, as it can quickly escalate from small scale disturbances to highly public protests, riots and even civil war. This research was motivated by a need to understand social instability and to unpack the comments made during a spring 2013 conference hosted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Center for Global Security and the U.S. Institute for Peace, where policymakers noted that models considering social instability are often not suitable for decision-making. This analysis shows that existing state level models of instability could be improved in spatial scale to the city level, even without significantly improved data access. Better data would make this analysis more complete and likely improve the quality of the model. Another challenge with incorporating modeling into decision-making is the need to understand uncertainty in a model. Policy makers are frequently tasked with making decisions without a clear outcome, so characterization of uncertainty is critical. This report describes the work and findings of the project. It took place in three phases: a literature review of social stability research, a “hindsight scan” that looked at historical data, and a “foresight scan” looking at future scenarios.

  13. Picking up the pieces : transitional shelters for disaster relief in the northern mountainous regions of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Weifeng Victoria

    2006-01-01

    This thesis seeks to tackle a complex problem - disaster housing relief - from the angle of architecture design discipline and attempts to find a logical approach to solve such a problem via an in depth examination of a ...

  14. Formation evaluation using wavelet analysis on logs of the Chinji and Nagri Formations, northern Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanyel, Emre Doruk

    2006-10-30

    The relatively new method of using wavelets in well log analysis is a powerful tool for defining multiple superimposed scales of lithic trends and contacts. Interpreting depositional processes associated with different scales of vertical variation...

  15. Taxonomic study on Capparidaceae and Cruciferae of W. Pakistan, Afghanistan, and N.W. Himalaya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafri, S. M. H.

    1954-01-01

    The present work was taken up by me at the suggestion of Professor Sir William Wright Smith and has been done under the guidance and supervision of himself and Dr. P.H.Davis. Taxonomic studies have undergone considerable ...

  16. In search of appropriate architecture : a jamat khana in Hunza, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pirani, Khalil Karim

    1989-01-01

    In today's world of technological advancement, communication has become easier than ever before. This, along with its benefits, has inflicted severe blows to architecture in developing nations. Concepts have been imitated ...

  17. Ethnicity and habitat : a comparison of indigenous and Afghan migrant settlements in Quetta, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rab, Samia

    1990-01-01

    This thesis is a brief study of factors influencing the domestic built form in the context of ethnicity and migration. At the beginning of the research it was assumed that the theme of built form is a clear manner of ...

  18. Mineralogical and Thermal Analyses of a Bangle Shard from Harrappa, an Indus Valley Settlement in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kayani, Saheeb Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    In this research study we present initial results of a recent project in which mineralogical and thermal analysis were carried out on a terracotta bangle shard from Harrappa. We were surprised to find bentonite clay as the major constituent of the bangle shard. Also we have used knowledge of the mineralogical structure determined through X-ray diffraction and results of thermal analysis to predict value of firing temperature of the bangle shard.

  19. Mineralogical and Thermal Analyses of a Bangle Shard from Harrappa, an Indus Valley Settlement in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saheeb Ahmed Kayani; Rehan ul Haq Siddiqui

    2012-02-15

    In this research study we present initial results of a recent project in which mineralogical and thermal analysis were carried out on a terracotta bangle shard from Harrappa. We were surprised to find bentonite clay as the major constituent of the bangle shard. Also we have used knowledge of the mineralogical structure determined through X-ray diffraction and results of thermal analysis to predict value of firing temperature of the bangle shard.

  20. Empathizing with France and Pakistan on Agricultural Subsidy Issues in the Doha Round

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2007-01-01

    HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 949 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 950 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 951 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 952 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 953 2007 Hein...Online -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 954 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 955 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 956 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 957 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 958 2007 HeinOnline -- 40...

  1. Evolution and dynamics of a fold-thrust belt: the Sulaiman Range of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Kirsty; Copley, Alex; Hussain, Ekbal

    2015-03-09

    (Treloar & Izatt 1993) and is topped by younger Himalayan molasse. The Sulaiman Range is therefore the uplifted and deformed passive margin sequence of the northwestern edge of the Indian Plate, now accreted to eastern edge of the Afghan Block and being... been significant uplift in the Sulaiman Range— Auden (1974) notes that Jurassic limestones have been uplifted over 6 km above the regional level—it is not clear how much shortening has occurred. Jadoon (1991), Humayon et al. (1991) and Banks & Warburton...

  2. An economic appraisal of the small and cottage industries in East Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zoha, Syed Shamsuz

    1964-01-01

    ~ I ~ I dfetal UQV3K ~ 1 ~ 44 ~ oewIwtttee ~ 4414114 ~ s ~ 11 ~ ~ I ~ I ~ I ~ ~ ~ I ~ ~ ~ I ~ I e 4 ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 ~ ' 23 I ~ . I ~ 23 I ~ I I ~ It It ~ ~ ~ 44 IW1 I 27 wacko 2$ ~ a ' ~ I 2 XVI PBC~ QP U?ILXDXI A?3 QOLQLGXI' IXNSUSTPWXZLILW...'. :. . '-"-', '? . ;. '': ? , ". ' . . . -':-':. ;-sjkar'e, '. ij@les 1s admin1strat1ve2j 'cfv44s6, '1+to-;. , foils, 35we4ons;". ' : . ", . :. Eajshahi, Khulna&. -'Daooa and. . Chiliagon@. ' Zaoh 3)ivksion iie headed bg a Commissioner, who-has administrative~ magisterial; - ae well. as revenue...

  3. Settlements of Afghan refugees in Pakistan : an evaluation of conditions and identification of problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azadzoi, Mahammad Najim

    1984-01-01

    This thesis deals with the physical design of urban public housing projects. To meet the objectives stated in the preface, the following issues were addressed: The social hierarchy of the community; the administration of ...

  4. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01

    hydro. International Hydro Power and Dam Construction.suggested) Supply of hydro-electric power * Supply of waterrights ? Supply of hydro-electric power ? Supply of water

  5. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01

    Center. (2004). Solid waste management study, Multan.seminar on hospital waste management, March 4, 2003. Lahore,and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan,

  6. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01

    Ganges-Brahmaputra Region: Bangladesh Perspective. ” NaturalBrahmaputra-Barak Basins, Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad,Development Studies; Dhaka: Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad.

  7. The summertime ``heat'' low over Pakistan/northwestern India: evolution and origin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigam, Sumant

    -level north- erlies over the Elburz­Zagros­Hindu Kush mountains contribute to the strengthening of the Pak

  8. Design of a mechanized paddy harvester for inundated areas of East Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Md. Abdul Karim

    1971-01-01

    'TS OF 'I'lit. 1 cOAT li' RVvSTI'R. 22 I'oss ihl e Dc. a i e-ns. Dc'si El'! Sel ? . tl on, Desi"n Considerations 27 25 27 V DESIGii A?ID At?IALYSIS 01' THE BOAT RIIAPEB. 37 General De; riot it n?!I ilo, !t R?'aper. I oad Carr? ing Cat:. c: i ty ot.... The sickle bar is reciprocated , it 300 to 600 cpm through a pitman mechanism. Tlie pitsian is connected to the main shaft through roller chain, sprue'kets and bevel pear arrangers nts. The scvereil stalks arc iioved to the middle of the pontoons by a 9...

  9. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01

    2009 T ABLE 1: L ARGER HYDROELECTRIC AND DIVERSION PROJECTSin the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from the

  10. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01

    paper) 2.4 Rags Glass Food waste Animal waste Leaves, grass,bottle lids, food cans, computer waste, cosmetics residues,

  11. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01

    is the practice that the construction waste and the debrisWood Bones Stones (construction waste)27.51 Unclassified

  12. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01

    in the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from theirrigation and hydroelectric power generation schemes better

  13. Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of Mason CountyEnergy

  14. Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProjectData DashboardSolar » SearchCompleted;EffortsDepartment of Energy

  15. Analysis of the ecology of Anchialine Caves using carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohlman, John William

    1995-01-01

    are coastal and defined, in part, by the halocline that bisects the passages. Objects appearing in the figure are not drawn to scale. Page 2 Map of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico showing the locations of cave systems where samples were collected. The n... (Holthius 1973). The second anchialine habitat described by Illife (1992a) is coastal tectonic faults penetrating below sea level. These fissures are common to the Galapagos Islands, have been identified on the island of Niue in the Central Pacific...

  16. Imputing unobserved values with the EM algorithm under left and right-truncation, and interval censoring for estimating the size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boehning, Dankmar

    by Mosley et al., which focussed on a cholera outbreak in East Pakistan. To demonstrate the wider range of a cholera outbreak in East Pakistan (East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between developments, we will keep the name East Pakistan for the context of this publication since it refers

  17. Proceedings of the IJCNLP-08 Workshop on NLP for Less Privileged Languages, pages 8190, Hyderabad, India, January 2008. c 2008 Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamir Khan Depart Science, University of Peshawar, NWFP, Pakistan bitvox@yahoo.com An Optimal Order artment of Computer shawar, NWFP, Pakistan Pe Khan rtment of Computer ar, NWFP, Pakistan ment of Computer

  18. Cost and Sustainability Spread and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Based Services www.cs.cmu.edu/~Polly Farhan ul Haq, Zain Tariq, Umar Saif, LUMS, Lahore, Pakistan Agha Ali Raza, the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and the United States Educational Foundation in Pakistan

  19. The Hype About Hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2006-01-01

    >, Ph.D. Scholar, Pakistan Institute of Engineering andP.O. Nilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51-2207381.by Umar Karim Mirza Pakistan Institute of Engineering and

  20. From the Ground Up: UCSC Professor Gary Griggs as Researcher, Teacher, and Institution Builder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griggs, Gary; Rabkin, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    program that took you to Pakistan? Griggs: We each had toSo they decided to do Pakistan. They had done one trip theover politics and India and Pakistan and Muslims and Hindus

  1. An empirical analysis on the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles:The case of natural gas vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, Sonia

    2007-01-01

    Argentina China Italy Pakistan Brazil India New Zealand U.S.India Italy New Zealand Pakistan U.S. U.S. conventional B Arefueling station indices for Pakistan were 1.09 and 1.08 in

  2. Hijacked Identities: Silicon Valley Pakistanis and Tactics of Belonging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stover, Tamera Lee

    2011-01-01

    The Jihadist Threat to Pakistan. ” The Washington Quarterly,Pakistanis “there” (in Pakistan or the space of the Middle5 to 480,000 or more [Pakistan Embassy]). They are a young

  3. Review: Solar Revolution: The Economic Transformation of the Global Energy Industry by Travis Bradford

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2007-01-01

    >, Ph.D. Scholar, Pakistan Institute of Engineering andNilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51-2207381, FAX:by Umar Karim Mirza Pakistan Institute of Engineering and

  4. Finding Osama Bin Laden: An Application of Biogeographic Theories and Satellite Imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    in the Kurram region of Pakistan, (2) located in the city ofTribal Areas of Northwest Pakistan based on distance-decaymore secular parts of Pakistan or into India, the greater

  5. Deported for Life: For Helping a Friend to Get an Apartment and a Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shiekh, Irum

    2007-01-01

    to the northern part of Pakistan? How many times do youhis home in Gujarat, Pakistan and witnessed the importancedeported for life back to Pakistan in April 2005. After his

  6. The Solar Economy: Renewable Energy for a Sustainable Global Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2003-01-01

    Pakistan Hermann Scheer. The Solar Economy: Renewable EnergyRenewable Energy for a Sustainable Global Future By Hermann Scheer Reviewed by Umar Karim Mirza Pakistan

  7. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  8. FMBl Nr. 1/20152 nderungder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Panama 28 101 Papua-Neuguinea 30 90 Paraguay 30 61 Peru 25 93 Philippinen 25 107 Polen - Breslau 27 92

  9. A comparative study of the systems of marketing eggs in the United States and in East Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Khurshid

    1966-01-01

    of Chain Stores & Supermarkets Decentralized System of Marketing of Eggs & Poultry Decentralized Egg Market Reduction in Retailing Cost & Saving in Marketing Cost Process of Decentralization Perfected Modern Channels of Distribution Movement oi...' Eggs into, Retail & Other Outlets Producer 's Share of the Consumer's Dollar Efficiency oi the System PRODUCTION AND MARKETING PRACTICES OF SOME SELECTED EGG FARMS 60 60 61 61 63 64 64 65 68 70 VII . TRENDS IN PRODUCTION OF EGGS...

  10. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 15 JANUARY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1373 Stickslip advance of the Kohat Plateau in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    , the Jura Fold Belt in Europe and the Zagros in Iran. The mobile rock sheets above these salt décollements

  11. University of New Orleans Office of Research and Sponsored Programs Weekly Funding Opportunities June 15, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    States, Islamabad, Pakistan Department of State (State) , U.S. Mission to Pakistan Notice seeking applications to support public diplomacy efforts in Pakistan. Funds support three categories of grants: Public and entrepreneurship, foster regional stability, or support public sector institutions in any area of Pakistan); Public

  12. Vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 1-14 December 15, 2008 NEW PRIMATES (MAMMALIA) FROM THE EARLY AND MIDDLE EOCENE OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licciardi, Joseph M.

    OF PAKISTAN AND THEIR PALEOBIOGEOGRAPHICAL IMPLICATIONS bY GREGG F. GUNNELL1 , PHILIP D. GINGERICH1 , MUNIR UL and Kuldana formations of northwestern Pakistan. These are among the oldest primates known from the Indo-Pakistan- cene) primates from Pakistan and Europe suggesting that a distinct lineage representing the family

  13. Internet for the Developing World: Offline Internet Access at Modem-speed Dialup Connections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saif, Umar

    Saif LUMS, Computer Science Department, Pakistan umar@lums.edu.pk Ahsan Latif Chudhary LUMS, Computer Science Department, Pakistan alatif@lums.edu.pk Shakeel Butt LUMS, Computer Science Department, Pakistan shakeel@lums.edu.pk Nabeel Farooq Butt LUMS, Computer Science Department, Pakistan nabeelbutt

  14. Fast Iterative Methods The Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuik, Kees

    , Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan geboren te Kohat, Pakistan. #12;Dit proefschrift is goedgekeurd door de promotor: Prof.dr.ir. C. Vuik Commission (HEC) Pakistan. I thank them sincerely for their support. Fast Iterative Methods

  15. 2003 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; December 2003; v. 31; no. 12; p. 10971100; 4 figures; Data Repository item 2003163. 1097

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licciardi, Joseph M.

    : Evidence from the Ghazij Formation, Balochistan, Pakistan William C. Clyde Department of Earth Sciences, and Geological Survey of Pakistan, Sariab Road, Box 15, Quetta, Pakistan Philip D. Gingerich Department of western Pakistan records continental sedimentation and mammalian dispersal associated with initial India

  16. Muhammad Faisal Iqbal mfiqbal@mail.utexas.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Lizy Kurian

    , Electronic Engineering(Honors) May 2003 GIK Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Pakistan. GPA: 3, Pakistan. Awards & Activities · Fellowship awarded by Higher Education Commision of Pakistan,2007. · Talent Scholarship awarded by Ministry of Science and Technology of Pakistan, 2000. · Scholarship awarded by Ministry

  17. Toxic element composition of multani mitti clay for nutritional safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    ´, Budapest, Hungary 2012 Abstract Geophagy of multani mitti (MM) clay is very common in central Pakistan of Science, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), P.O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan-012-1876-x #12;In Pakistan geophagy of multani mitti (MM) clay is very common especially amongst the women

  18. Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 6th A Pragmatic Long Distance and International Operational Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tappert, Charles

    components of contemporary designs for the Long Distance & International (LDI) License in Pakistan and identifies critical aspects needed to implement a commercial LDI network in Pakistan. An extensive study in Pakistan and which require redress by the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) are highlighted

  19. Journal of Himalayan Earth Sciences 41 (2008), 71-87 Preliminary geodetic constraints on plate boundary deformation on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    2008-01-01

    National Centre of Excellence in Geology, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. 2 Department of Geosciences of Geology, University of Baluchistan, Quetta, Pakistan. 6 Department of Civil Engineering, NED University, Karachi, Pakistan. Abstract Shortly after the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, scientists from three Pakistan

  20. Corresponding author: Pierre Bouilhol, Earth Sciences, Science Site, Durham University, Durham DH13LE, United Kingdom, Tel: +44 (0) 191 33 42356, e-mail pierre.bouilhol@durham.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    PRECIPITATED FROM SUBDUCTION-DERIVED FLUIDS IN THE KOHISTAN ARC-MANTLE (PAKISTAN) Pierre BOUiLHOL§,* and JeanWOOd Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Garden Avenue-Shakarparian, 44 000 Islamabad, Pakistan a-olivine-bearing veins in the mantle rocks of the Kohistan Paleo-Island Arc (North Pakistan) contain some of the best gem

  1. Mis `a jour le 5 decembre 2009 Rapport sur ma mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Mis `a jour le 5 d´ecembre 2009 Rapport sur ma mission French Science Tour in Pakistan du 25 au Pakistan, `a effectuer une mission French Science Tour in Pakistan du 25 novembre au 2 d'agissait de ma deuxi`eme mission au Pakistan, la premi`ere ayant eu lieu en f´evrier 2009, quand j'avais pass

  2. Current Perspectives on the Physical and Biological Processes of Humboldt Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlosser, S. C.; Rasmussen, R.

    2007-01-01

    to northwestern Pacific from Sakhalin Islands to Pakistan.Northwestern Pacific from Sakhalin Island to southern

  3. Urdu Localization Project: Lexicon, MT and TTS (ULP) Sarmad HUSSAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Pakistan sarmad.hussain@nu.edu.pk Abstract Pakistan has a population of 140 million speaking more than 56, also the national language of Pakistan. Being a developing population, Pakistani people need access-10% of these people are familiar with English. Therefore, Government of Pakistan has embarked on a project which

  4. Partisanship and Economic Policies in Developing Countries during Dismal Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Julia Hyeyong

    2012-01-01

    nuclear development and conflict between neighboring Pakistan. Surprisingly, from 2002 to 2006, spending on subsidies

  5. GT Human Resources PERSONAL DATA FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, Vietnam

  6. NEAL EDWARD BLAIR Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    60208 ph: (847) 491-8790 fax: (847) 491-4011 e-mail: n-blair@northwestern.edu Publications Terrestrial isotopic composition of monosodium glutamate: Biochemical pathways and product source identification. J in the Gulf of Papua deltaic complex (Papua New Guinea): net loss of terrestrial C and diagenetic

  7. Syntactic Features and Word Similarity for Supervised Metonymy Malvina Nissim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markert, Katja

    ).2 In (2), "Pakistan", the name of a location, refers to one of its national sports teams.3 (2) Pakistan://info.ox.ac.uk/bnc). #12;Scotland subj-of subj-of win lose context reduction Pakistan Scotland-subj-of-losePakistan-subj-of-win similarity semantic class head similarity role similarity Pakistan had won the World Cup lost in the semi

  8. SME Annual Meeting Feb. 27-Mar. 02, 2011, Denver, CO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , VA Z. Ali, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA M. Akram, UET, Lahore, Pakistan E. Westman, Virginia Tech south of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. It is the second largest salt mine in the world

  9. Letter-to-Sound Conversion for Urdu Text-to-Speech System Sarmad HUSSAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahore, Pakistan sarmad.hussain@nu.edu.pk Abstract Urdu is spoken by more than 100 million people across a score countries and is the national language of Pakistan (http://www. ethnologue.com). There is a great

  10. MartinLutherUniversitat HalleWittenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salahuddin University of Peshawar Department of Statistics 25120 Peshawar Pakistan Email: sadaf505@yahoo or recording. 1 Department of Statistics, University of Peshawar, 25120 Peshawar, Pakistan. 1 #12;The

  11. Rameez Rahman Peer-to-Peer System Design: A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Science, University of Essex geboren te Karachi, Pakistan #12;Dit proefschrift is goedgekeurd door de by: W¨ohrmann Print Service. This work was supported by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan

  12. Grothendieck's inequality and applications O. I. Reinov #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ equalities and Applications", March 07 -- March 12, 2010. Lahore, Pakistan. # The research was supported by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan. 1 #12; C # (0, #) such that for all finite families (x i ) n i=1

  13. Volume 131, Number 41 tech.mit.edu Friday, September 30, 2011 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESS IN SAUdI ARAbIA? Believe it or not, there is a precedent for it OPINION, p. 4 AbANdON PAkISTAN Pakistan

  14. U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    climate in Kazakhstan. Secretary Bodman arrived in Kazakhstan after visiting Pakistan where he took part in high-level meeting to discuss ways that the U.S. and Pakistan...

  15. Cost and Efficacy of Collective Action Clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Chenbo

    2015-01-01

    Sep-05 Aug-02 Nov-99 Ecuador Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistanbonds Panama Ecuador Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistan EcuadorSep-05 Aug-02 Nov-99 Ecuador Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistan

  16. Systematic Parasitology An International Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    tree skinks, Lamprolepis smar- agdina (Lesson) are described from specimens col- lected in Papua New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA S. E. Bush Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City

  17. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Romania Russia Chapter 7, Imports and Exports Exports Coke2] (t) Exports Imports Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda St.Exports Imports Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia

  18. PROC. ENTOMOL. SOC. WASH. 108(4), 2006, pp. 1002-1004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    m. All ticks been deposited in the USNTC as acces- were shipped in 70% ethanol to RGR, sion RML Australia: Queensland, Archbold Expedition, Iron Range AMNH Casuarius Papua New Guinea: F. Klekham casuarius

  19. Carving the spirits of the wood: an enquiry into Trobriand materialisations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarillo de la Torre, Sergio

    2013-10-08

    , Papua New Guinea. The dissertation analyses previously overlooked material expressions in the form of woodcarvings for sale (tokwalu) to outsiders. Throughout the thesis, I demonstrate how Trobrianders conceive tokwalu as symbolic and material...

  20. Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Siyi

    2012-07-16

    , New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu 17 RCAM Antigua Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras...

  1. The influence of ENSO on global terrestrial water storage using GRACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, T.; Nerem, R. S; Fox-Kemper, Baylor; Famiglietti, J. S; Rajagopalan, B.

    2012-01-01

    variability (equation (6)). Venezuela and Papua New Guineacorrelation with the MEI (Venezuela/Colombia (À0.62), Costashows a decrease in correlation. Venezuela/Columbia (À0.78),

  2. CENTRE OF SOUTH ASIAN STUDIES ANNUAL REPORT, 2013-2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Sophie

    politics. Early in 2014, Ms Jemima Khan introduced a film on the consequences of drone attacks in Pakistan

  3. Megacities and Megatraffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutzbach, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Egypt Nigeria Chile Thailand Mongolia Oman Turkey Jordan Mexico Colombia China Philippines Pakistan INCOME PER-CAPITA (PURCHASING-POWER

  4. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Algeria 109 India 348 Brasile 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasile 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egitto 66 Cina 137 Colombia 71 Sud Africa 63 Pakistan 85

  5. This work is supported by higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    expenditure (CAPEX) and operating expenditure (OPEX)[1]. The reference signal sequences in LTE (which

  6. Improved confidence in (U-Th)/He thermochronology using the laser microprobe: An example from a Pleistocene leucogranite, Nanga Parbat, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, J. W.

    The newly developed laser microprobe (U-Th)/He thermochronometer permits, for the first time, the ability to generate precise (U-Th)/He cooling ages for even very young (<1 Ma) samples with a spatial resolution on the order ...

  7. From medical relief to community health care: A case study of a Non-Governmental Organisation (Frontier Primary Health Care) in North West Frontier Province, Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Margaret Madeline

    This case study is designed to answer the question whether refugees can make a positive contribution to host countries, not simply as individual participants in economic activity, but by contributing to welfare. The ...

  8. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    basin, Nepal Himalaya, in Snow and Glacier Hydrology, vol.274, 198–210. INTEGRATED SNOW AND GLACIERMELT MODEL Journalon water availability in snow-dominated regions, Nature,

  9. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    will affect the Asian water towers, Science, 328(5984),hydrologic modelling, J. Water Resour. Plann. Manag. , 119(impact of climate change on the water resource of Hindukush-

  10. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    in the surface energy balance of Haut Glacier d’Arolla,2008), Distributed energy balance modeling of South CascadeA distributed energy balance model for complex topography

  11. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    variations in the surface energy balance of Haut Glacier d’2005), A distributed energy balance model for complexat Fraser using a energy balance based snowmelt model (WEB-

  12. Paleogene Larger Benthic Foraminiferal Stratigraphy and Facies distribution: implications for tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Kohat Basin, Potwar Basin and the Trans Indus Ranges (TIR) northwest Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    2011-11-24

    Thick Paleogene sequences occur in the southern deformed fold and thrust belt of the Himalayas. In this thesis I describe detailed litho- and biostratigraphy from ten key stratigraphic sections in the Kohat Basin, the ...

  13. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    variations in the surface energy balance of Haut Glacier d’Clark (2008), Distributed energy balance modeling of South2005), A distributed energy balance model for complex

  14. Integrated simulation of snow and glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed hydrological modeling framework at Hunza River Basin of Pakistan Karakoram region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    model of land surface water and energy ?uxes for GSMs, J.glacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributedglacier melt in water and energy balance-based, distributed

  15. Distribution and dynamics of mangrove forests of South Asiaq Chandra Giri a,*, Jordan Long b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    57198, USA c World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Pakistan d The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. These forests provide important ecosystem goods and services to the region's dense three case studies in Indus Delta (Pakistan), Goa (India), and Sundarbans (Bangladesh and India

  16. E-NEWSLETTER FOR THE ITC ALUMNI COMMUNITY ITC UPDATE -ISSUE 2012-01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Induced Ground Shaking and Associated Secondary Hazards for Earthquake Vulnerability Reduction (Pakistan FOR ALUMNUS MEDANI BHANDARI How do India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan engage in addressing environmental: A Case Study of India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Read more VACANCIES PhD Research position

  17. Tykk 0 Tweet 0 0 0ShareShare password to this address.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lummaa, Virpi

    : UK | International News Related News Cautious Pakistan to take special measure during England tour and Wildlife Research in Germany, said. Read more on: UK | International News Read More Cautious Pakistan to take special measure during England tour Pakistan will take special measures during its forthcoming

  18. spe471-03 page29 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    seismic risk, Sindh, Pakistan Roger Bilham Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science Department of Civil Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi 75270, Pakistan ABSTRACT Mansurah, the eighth-century Arabic capital of Sindh province, Pakistan, flour- ished for a mere

  19. Spread and Sustainability: The Geography and Economics of Speech-Based Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    School of Science and Engineering Lahore University of Management Sciences Lahore, Pakistan {farhan been in continuous operation in Pakistan since May 2012. In this poster, we show the geographical In 2011 Raza et al. [1] launched a telephone-based speech service, called Polly, in Pakistan. Designed

  20. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jochem, Frank J.

    , the oligotrophiccentral Arabian Sea and the shelf edge off Pakistan)in the Arabian Sea during the inter-monsoonperiod 1987 Sea and the shelf edge off Pakistan. Material and methods. Sampling comprised a 14 d drift study off the central Arabian Sea at 18' N, 65' E and a drift study (May 22 to June 2) at the shelf edge off Pakistan

  1. MOLECULAR SUPPORT FOR THE TAXONOMIC CONCLUSIONS OF McCORD AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engstrom, Tag N.

    from Pakistan to Bangladesh. Here we present DNA sequence data from mitochondrial ND4 gene, which broad range from Pakistan to Bangladesh. This apparent genetic uniformity is an interesting from across the known range of the genus from Pakistan to the islands of Sumatra and Java

  2. Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, ACL-IJCNLP 2009, pages 2431, Suntec, Singapore, 6-7 August 2009. c 2009 ACL and AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muaz Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing NUCES, Pakistan ahmed.muaz@nu.edu.pk Aasim Ali Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing, NUCES, Pakistan aasim.ali@nu.edu.pk Sarmad Hussain Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing NUCES, Pakistan sarmad.hussain@nu.edu.pk Abstract

  3. Undergraduate Handbook School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    PAKISTAN languages BORN IN NETBALL BASKETBALL countries AUCKLAND GREW UP IN Favorite book By Hillary Clinton Hard Choices One entire room WALK IN WARDROBE PAKISTAN languages BORN IN NETBALL BASKETBALL PAKISTAN REZ RICARDO UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND SAM STEVEN UNIVERSITYOF CANTERBURY SMILER NICKNAME GREW UP

  4. 200 Plant Disease / Vol. 87 No. 2200 Disease Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappu, Hanu R.

    Leaf Curl Begomoviruses from Pakistan. S. L. Shih, W. S. Tsai, and S. K. Green, The Asian Vegetable Disease Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan; M. A. Rezaian in Pakistan. One chili sample with leaf curl symptoms was collected in 1998 in Multan (Punjab Province

  5. The Density-Enthalpy Method Applied to Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuik, Kees

    30 May 2012 om 10.00 uur door IBRAHIM, Master of Science (M.Sc.) Systems Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan geboren te Haripur, Pakistan. #12;Dit proefschrift is goedgekeurd door de promotor: Prof.dr.ir. C. Vuik Toegevoegd

  6. Dr. Munawar Saleem Ahmad Passport number: TP1158651

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurat-Fuentes, Juan Luis

    : October 28, 1979 Marital Status: Married NIC No.: 33202-4576865-1 Domicile: Jhang (Punjab, Pakistan University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan. Research & Teaching (Life Sciences) Permanent Address Village and Post office LangShumali, Tehsile and District Jhang, Punjab, Pakistan. Experience Working as postdoc fellow

  7. Using NFC-enabled Mobile Phones for Public Health in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , USA, Interactive Research and Development, Karachi, Pakistan marcua@csail.mit.edu, gdavidzon-resource environment. While our system design has been inspired by the needs of an ongoing project in Karachi, Pakistan (IRD) is a non-profit organization based in Karachi, Pakistan working to implement a real

  8. Job Opportunities through Entertainment: Virally Spread Speech-Based Services for Low-Literate Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahore Uni. of Mgmt. Sciences Lahore, Pakistan {farhan.haq, zain.tariq, umar}@lums.edu.pk ABSTRACT We in 2011, we report on its first large-scale sustained deployment. In 24/7 operation in Pakistan since May among low- skilled office workers in Lahore, Pakistan, in 3 weeks Polly spread to 2,000 users and logged

  9. Comparative Study of Goal-Oriented Requirements Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

    in Data Engineering (CORD) Mohammad Ali Jinnah University (MAJU), Islamabad, Pakistan Sarfraz Bibi Department of Computer Sciences, SZABIST, Islamabad, Pakistan Sohail Asghar Center of Research in Data Engineering (CORD) Mohammad Ali Jinnah University (MAJU), Islamabad, Pakistan Simon Fong Faculty of Science

  10. Agha Ali Raza Email: agha.ali.raza@gmail.com, araza@cs.cmu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sciences - FAST, Lahore, Pakistan Master of Science in Computer Science (MS CS) CGPA:3.96 Aug 2006 ­ Jul 2009 National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences - FAST, Lahore, Pakistan Bachelor of Science the general population in the use of such services. In 2012 the use of Polly spread virally in Pakistan from

  11. Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2008), pages 537544 Manchester, August 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    million native speakers. Urdu is the National and one of the state languages of Pakistan and India but not the written expressions. HUMT is an effort to bridge this scriptural divide between India and Pakistan. Hindi at the border between India and Pakistan: Kashmiri, Punjabi and Sindhi. All of them are mainly written in two

  12. Professor Brian Toon Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    weapons, such as currently possessed by India and Pakistan and 6 other nations, threaten more fatalities bombs, such as India and Pakistan, could produce climate change unprecedented in recorded human history, but the entire planet. Global climate change following a war between India and Pakistan, using less than 0

  13. Resources for Urdu Language Processing Sarmad Hussain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Processing National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences B Block, Faisal Town, Lahore, Pakistan the cor- pus and lexical resources being developed for Urdu by the CRULP, in Pakistan. 1 Introduction Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and one of the state languages of India and has more than 60 million first

  14. Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, ACL-IJCNLP 2009, pages 4047, Suntec, Singapore, 6-7 August 2009. c 2009 ACL and AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qurat-ul-Ain Akram Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing NUCES, Pakistan ainie.akram@nu.edu.pk Asma Naseer Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing NUCES, Pakistan asma.naseer@nu.edu.pk Sarmad Hussain Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing NUCES, Pakistan sarmad

  15. Fungal Diversity Ceratocystis manginecans sp. nov., causal agent of a destructive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    disease in Oman and Pakistan Marelize van Wyk1* , Ali O. Al Adawi2 , Iqrar A. Khan3 , Michael L. Deadman4 and Biology (NIAB), P.O. Box 128, Jhang Road, Faisalabad, Pakistan 4 Department of Crop Sciences, P.O. Box 34). Ceratocystis manginecans sp. nov., causal agent of a destructive mango wilt disease in Oman and Pakistan

  16. 74 Scientific AmericAn January 2010 Key conceptS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    areas in a fight between India and Pakistan would start firestorms that would put massive amounts Worry has focused on the U.S. versus Russia, but a regional nuclear war between India and Pakistan could catastro- phe. New analyses reveal that a conflict be- tween India and Pakistan, for example, in which 74

  17. Australasian Plant Pathology Journal of the Australasian Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    populations from mango wilt disease in Oman and Pakistan A. O. Al Adawi, I. Barnes, I. A. Khan, M. L. Deadman of Ceratocystis manginecans populations from mango wilt disease in Oman and Pakistan A. O. Al Adawi & I. Barnes has recently been de- scribed from Oman and Pakistan where the fungus causes a serious wilt disease

  18. X-RAY SPECTROMETRY X-Ray Spectrom. 2000; 29: 267278

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    of concentrations of only three chromophoric elements, Cr, Fe and V, allowed us to attribute Pakistan emeralds of a reduced set of six elements, Cr, Fe, V, Mn, Ti and Cl, allowed us to attribute Pakistan emeralds, Taiwan, Cr, Fe and V, allowed us to attribute Colombian and Pakistan emeralds and all synthetic emeralds

  19. WINTER 2002 19 2001 INDUCTION CEREMONY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    by Peter Fritsch, entitled "Lesson Plan: Religious Schools in Pakistan Fill Void--and Spawn Warriors of Save the Children for Pakistan and Afghanistan, observed that relatively uneducated hard-line groups. On CNN at the end of September, Fritsch reported, Pakistan's military dictator, General Pervez Musharraf

  20. Phytologia (August 2008) 90(2)208 TAXONOMIC STUDY OF JUNIPERUS EXCELSA AND J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    of J. polycarpos K. Koch. from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan has been examined using and Pakistan (J. p. var. seravschanica). Several compounds distinguish J. excelsa: decadienal #12;Phytologia groups, each well resolved. The J. p. var. seravschanica populations are resolved into the Pakistan

  1. Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Caprinae Specialist Group October 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Festa-Bianchet, Marco

    Urial in Pakistan ....... 1 Wild Goat and Armenian Mouflon in Armenia .............. 3 Taxonomic News records of Ladakh urial (Ovis orientalis vignei) in northern Pakistan Introduction The Ladakh urial (Ovis orientalis vignei) was once a common member of the fauna of northern Pakistan. Its range encompassed most

  2. COLING 2014 The 25th International Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Southeast Asia, on the other hand, consists of Brunei, Burma Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan WSSANLP Invited Speaker Vincent Berment, INa, France (Director) Program Committee Sadaf Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan Nave

  3. M. Faisal Nadeem Evaluation Framework for Task

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Information Technology Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad geboren te Kohat, Pakistan #12;Dit proefschrift is goedgekeurd door de promotor: Prof.dr. K.L.M. Bertels Copromotor. Delft University of Technology, (2) HEC Pakistan. Published and distributed by: M. Faisal Nadeem, Email

  4. doi: 10.1130/G31087.1 2010;38;807-810Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    and Pakistan Katawaz Locating earliest records of orogenesis in western Himalaya: Evidence from Email alerting. (1996) first proposed that the deltaic and turbiditic sedimentary rocks in the Katawaz basin in Pakistan and Bugti Hills of central Pakistan, a small branch of the Katawaz basin, likely record this transition

  5. Mariya Absar Oak Ridge National Lab Phone: (865) 576-8583

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperation, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2007 ­ 2008 Masters Project with Professor Robert O. Mendelsohn, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT. 2008 Intern, Pakistan Mission to the United Nations, New, National Commission for Human Development, Islamabad, Pakistan RESEARCH INTERESTS Climate Change Impacts

  6. The Importance of Asia Economic and Geopolitical Considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    million · #1 China: 1,368 million · #2 India: 1,268 million · #4 Indonesia: 255 million · #6 Pakistan: 189: 7.5% · China: 7.3% · Egypt: 6.8% · Malaysia: 5.8% · Pakistan: 5.4% · Indonesia 5.0% · Source Sea #12;Territorial Disputes: South Asia · China-India dispute · Large areas under dispute · Pakistan

  7. Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on South and Southeast Asian Natural Language Processing (SANLP), pages 114, COLING 2012, Mumbai, December 2012.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Urdu that of Pakistan, though neither is the native language of a majority in its country. `Hindi as the native language of 51 million in India by (Census-India, 2001), and as that of 10 million in Pakistan by (Census- Pakistan, 1998). Urdu has always drawn its advanced vocabulary only from Perso-Arabic, and does

  8. Original article Predicting impacts of climate change on medicinal asclepiads of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    Original article Predicting impacts of climate change on medicinal asclepiads of Pakistan using 44000, Pakistan b Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 from herbarium specimens held in major herbaria of Pakistan and two years (2010 and 2011) of field

  9. Institut de Mathematiques de Jussieu U.M.R. 7586 du C. N. R. S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    a ´et´e pr´ec´ed´ee par une mission au Pakistan, dans le cadre du programme The French Science Tour in Pakistan (FSTP) du 25 novembre au 2 d´ecembre 2009 1 . Elle a ´et´e suivie de visites `a plusieurs instituts (`a Bhubaneswar et Allahabad en Inde, `a Lahore au Pakistan et `a Kathmandu au N´epal). Je vais d

  10. FEBRUARY 14 MARCH 29 ICC CRICKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Richard

    Hamilton noon SUN, FEB 15 India Pakistan Adelaide 2.30pm MON, FEB 16 West Indies Ireland Nelson 9am THURS, FEB 19 Zimbabwe UAE Nelson 9am SAT, FEB 21 Pakistan West Indies Christchurch 9am SUN, FEB 22 South, MAR 1 Pakistan Zimbabwe Brisbane 2.30pm TUES, MAR 3 South Africa Ireland Canberra 2.30pm WED, MAR 4

  11. Generating Bracelets with Fixed Content S. M. Husnine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawada, Joe

    University FAST-NU, Pakistan. E-mail: saira.karim@nu.edu.pk School of Computer Science, University of Guelph, National University FAST-NU, Pakistan. E-mail: zareen.lamgir@nu.edu.pk § Department of Mathematics, National University FAST-NU, Pakistan. E-mail: s.m.husnine@nu.edu.pk 1 #12;2 0 2 1 3 0 Figure 1

  12. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Lithuania LuxembourgEritrea Brunei Darussalam Liberia Fiji South AfricaEthiopia Niger Somalia Eritrea Liberia Pakistan Timor-Leste

  13. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and the United States...

  14. Medical tourism? A case study of African patients in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Allyson M

    2013-01-01

    resistance  mechanism  in  India,  Pakistan,  and  the  infectious   diseases  in  India."   The  Lancet,  2011.  Sequence  Type  14  from  India."   Antimicrobial  Agents  

  15. Center for Research in Wireless Communications Clemson Home > Home > People > Staff > James H. Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    -5903 Professional preparation: B.S., Electrical Engineering, with honors, Clemson University President's Class Bureau of Standards. Foreign Governments: Greece, Egypt, Iran, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka

  16. Bugs, Drugs & Smoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2012-01-01

    therapy of cholera among Bangladesh refugees. The Johnscentimetres long Photo 1.6. Bangladesh, 1975. A volunteercould defeat it anywhere – in Bangladesh, in Pakistan and in

  17. Nutrient and Residue Management for Improving Productivity and N Use Efficiency of Rice-Wheat-Mungbean Systems in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, Md. Ilias

    2009-01-01

    proper management in Bangladesh. Further on farm adaptivewarranted. References BARC (Bangladesh Agricultural ResearchPakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh (Timsina and Connor 2001).

  18. South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.usaid.govourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

  19. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Pakistan Paraguay Indonesia Turkey Mali Ghana Cote d IvoireKyrgyzstan Bangladesh Niger Mali Ethiopia PhilippinesBangladesh Nigeria Niger Mali Uganda Philippines Turkey

  20. Biological controls investigated to aid management of olive fruit fly in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    of Madagascar), the Canary Islands, Morocco, Pakistan, Indiain Morocco and the Canary Islands, parasitism rates wereand Gilstrap 1983) Canary Islands and, given the diversity

  1. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    goals. At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Philippines Romania Russian Federation Senegal

  2. Joint Statement by President Barack Obama of the United States...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    on a number of shared foreign policy priorities, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Middle East Peace, and the Americas. In particular, they reiterated their shared...

  3. FINAL (PNNL-20432) Nuclear Nonproliferation and Arms Control Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .g., North Korea, Pakistan). Fissile materials, nuclear reactors, reprocessing and enrichment technology the export of "plants for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel elements, and equipment especially designed

  4. DECIPHERING THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF THE MONTANE NEW GUINEA AVIFAUNA: COMPARATIVE PHYLOGEOGRAPHY AND INSIGHTS FROM PALEODISTRIBUTIONAL MODELING IN A DYNAMIC LANDSCAPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benz, Brett W.

    2011-12-31

    at various sites across the highlands of Papua New Guinea, and I look forward to further collaboration in the future. I thank Tim Laman for providing the opportunity to work in West Papua, Indonesia, in 2008, as well as helping to collect behavioral data... obscure for most taxonomic groups. Owing to its relatively complete alpha taxonomy, New Guinea’s avifauna has played a prominent role in the development of biogeographic hypotheses and speciation theory throughout the Papuan sub-region (Mayr, 1953; Schodde...

  5. Abdus Salam: A Reappraisal. Part II Salam's Part in the Pakistani Nuclear Weapon Programme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dombey, Norman

    2011-01-01

    Salam's biographies claim that he was opposed to Pakistan's nuclear weapon programme. This is somewhat strange given that he was the senior Science Advisor to the Pakistan government for at least some of the period between 1972 when the programme was initiated and 1998 when a successful nuclear weapon test was carried out. I look at the evidence for his participation in the programme.

  6. Abdus Salam: A Reappraisal. Part II Salam's Part in the Pakistani Nuclear Weapon Programme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norman Dombey

    2011-12-10

    Salam's biographies claim that he was opposed to Pakistan's nuclear weapon programme. This is somewhat strange given that he was the senior Science Advisor to the Pakistan government for at least some of the period between 1972 when the programme was initiated and 1998 when a successful nuclear weapon test was carried out. I look at the evidence for his participation in the programme.

  7. Mitigating floods : reconstructing Lives : rehabilitating Thatta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gul, Marium

    2011-01-01

    Pakistan was struck by floods in July 2010, the effects of which left 20.36 million people affected and 1.9 million homes damaged or destroyed'. In the province of Sindh in Pakistan, most of the affected population of the ...

  8. RIMS K^oky^uroku Bessatsu B12 (2009), 209221

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    , the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.] e-mail: toru.nakahara@nu.edu.pk, nakahara@ms.saga-u.ac.jp Department.W.F.P., the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.] e-mail: inayat.shah@nu.edu.pk Faculty of Science and Engineering, Saga

  9. Collaborative Provision Register 28 May 2014 Programme Title Partner Nature of partnershipFaculty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molinari, Marc

    And Survey) or (Conversion And Repair) or (Defence) or (Offshore Marine Renewable Energy) UniversityBusiness and Law PhD Institute of Business, Karachi, Pakistan Split-site PhD programme.Business and Law Ph with staff at DPU. Business and Law PhD Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan (AWKUM), Pakistan Split-site Ph

  10. Academic Success Centre Room 10-2584

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    , Pakistan, and Israel are nuclear powers; Iran is almost there; and Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt, among, by going through the Red Sea to the Arabian Sea, or by firing missiles from submarines from the latter" (Blouet, 2009, 11). Writing example C ­ India, Pakistan, and Israel are nuclear powers and Iran is almost

  11. Updated: September 23, 2014 Majed Akhter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robeson, Scott M.

    , Pakistan). #12;2 Updated: September 23, 2014 RESEARCH PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES Published/In press, M. Infrastructure nation: Hydraulic regionalism and fractured state space in Pakistan. Under review and resubmitted, June 2014] In preparation Akhter, M. The long hydraulic partition of British India: Territory

  12. letters to nature 930 NATURE |VOL 411 |21 JUNE 2001 |www.nature.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Brian

    and ¯exural rotation of initially high-angle normal faults4 . The D'Entrecasteaux islands of Papua New Guinea rate (,25 mmyr-1 )5 . Here we present evidenceÐbased on isostatic modelling, geological data and heat of the palaeo-Papuan peninsula west of 1538 209 E including the D'Entrecasteaux islands and the Goodenough basin

  13. Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New Guinea Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New The Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt in West Papua (Indonesia) has all the characteristics of a young orogen buttress. The construction of these two wedges is younger than 11 Myr. The structures of the Lengguru belt

  14. Mallomonas kalinae (Synurophyceae), a new species of alga from northern Bohemia, Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recorded as M. cf. rasilis from Malaysia, Australia and Papua New Guinea (Dürrschmidt & Croome 1985, Vyverman & Cronberg 1993), and as M. rasilis from Australia and Central Europe (Croome & Tyler 1988 with distilled water and the cells on the fil- ter were dehydrated through a graded ethanol series. The filter

  15. Field observations and theoretical studies relevant to enhanced in situ carbonation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    similar in size are in Papua New Guinea (~ 10,000 km 2 in outcrop), New Caledonia (~ 6000 km 2 ) and along the east coast of the Adriatic Sea (several ~ 4000 km 2 massifs). Proposed exothermic self of chemical potential energy. Fyfe (1974) proposed that exothermic hydration of olivine to form the hydrous

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of Boelen's python (Morelia boeleni)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Christopher C.

    individual. All 16 wild-caught M. boeleni from Indonesia and all captive M. boeleni are genetically uniform diversity of M. boeleni used captive breeding programs in zoological parks. Keywords Indonesia Á MC1R Á mt above 1000 m and below the tree line (Brongersma 1953; O'Shea 1996). In Papua New Guinea, an independent

  17. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 243266, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8/243/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    ) can cause devastating local tsunamis that strike without warning. There is a comprehensive data set/243/2008/ © Author(s) 2008. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences The Papua New Guinea tsunami of 17 July 1998: anatomy of a catastrophic event D. R. Tappin1, P

  18. Food Stories Exhibition Trail Leader's Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    Food Stories Exhibition Trail Leader's Notes 1. Take a look at the stone fragment. Where do you a story about a celebration involving food? (No answer required) 3. This is a food hook from Papua New of grass, palm leaves and bamboo. The food hook would hang from the ceiling of the hut. Why do you think

  19. Scientific paper A List of Eucalyptus Leaf Fungi and their Potential Importance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scientific paper A List of Eucalyptus Leaf Fungi and their Potential Importance to South African is made of the status of the fungi, and also of recent trends in Eucalyptus leaf pathology. INTRODUCTION Most of the approximately 600 Eucalyptus spp. and varieties are endemic to Australia and Papua New

  20. Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Biological Control and Management of Chromolaena odorata and Mikania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Gadi VP

    Pre-release research on biocontrol agents for chromolaena in South Africa 68 Costas Zachariades, Lorraine Strathie, Oona Delgado and Estianne Retief Establishment of two biocontrol agents on Chromolaena and G.V.P. Reddy Biocontrol of Chromolaena odorata in Papua New Guinea 53 Michael Day and Ingu Bofeng

  1. Sediment Problems and Sediment Management in Asian River Basins (Proceedings of the Workshop held at Hyderabad, India, September 2009) (IAHS Publ. 349, 2011).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    Sediment Problems and Sediment Management in Asian River Basins (Proceedings of the Workshop held and change characterisation: a new management tool for the Ramu River Communities in Papua New Guinea NICK A within the dry season. With evidence of an increase in fine sediment load, the Ramu Communities would

  2. I n f o r m a t i o n e n H a u s d r u c k e r e i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    (Islas Malvinas) (adm. by UK, claimed by Argentina) Kuwait Canary Islands (Sp.) Sao Tome & Principe) Bang. Andaman Islands (India) Thailand Indonesia Malaysia Brunei Philippines Taiwan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Australia Papua New Guinea New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia Solomon Islands Kiribati Marshall

  3. Research Statement Kurtis Heimerl (kheimerl@cs.berkeley.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    kiosks, rather than from the Internet. Utilizing offline communities allowed for higher quality results, more than double that of the Internet. These networks empower people to connect with family and friends networks, ours in Papua and another in Oaxaca, Mexico. One of the core design choices for community

  4. Part II of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part II of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 deltas is adapted to describe the response of the Fly-Strickland River system, Papua of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Pleistocene-Holocene eustatic sea level rise of some 120 m

  5. Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

  6. For Release: 9:20 a.m. PST, January 9, 2007 CHANDRA X-RAY TELESCOPE DISCOVERS COMPANION TO BRIGHT STAR IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    : Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The companion star was discovered accidentally miles away from the car. Although this angular separation is very small, it is well within that of the Sun, is very luminous (giving off about 34,000 times as much energy as our Sun every second

  7. Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Shrimp Import

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,990 Liberia 611 330 320 270 212 181 122 Pakistan 2,305 2,951 3,892 3,889 3,675 4,179 3,575 Guyana 762 939 900

  8. Updated: March 13, 2015 Majed Akhter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy Chowdhury, Rinku

    infrastructure and public works Transboundary waters and water security Drone warfare Marxist theory Critical.G.R., and Akhter, M. (2012). The unbearable humanness of drone warfare in FATA, Pakistan. Antipode 44(4): 1490

  9. Desalination Basics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Faso 20 1690 808 773 745 Ethiopia 110 1749 1020 970 932 Somalia 16 1789 778 741 714 Pakistan 255 1805 1063 1016 973 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 129 1827 1400 1293 1206 India 1908...

  10. Reassessing the role of tradition in architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arshad, Shahn?z

    1988-01-01

    This study stems from a deep dissatisfaction with contemporary architectural trends in Pakistan today, coupled with an acute awareness that the long-established traditions the society is endowed with remain ignored. It ...

  11. We Left Our Keys with Our Neighbours: Memory and the Search for Meaning in Post-Partitioned India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Neeti

    In mainstream Indian and Pakistani nationalist master-narratives, Partition is a contested terrain. For India, it signifies independence and the end-note of a non-violent anti-colonial movement; for Pakistan, it embodies ...

  12. Beitler Jane (2011) Repatterning the world. In: Sensing Our Planet: NASA Earth Science Research Features 2011. pp 14-17, Washington,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Erle C.

    2011-01-01

    by renewable energy certificates. iv Made in U. S. A. #12;Sensing Our Planet NASA Earth Science Research Features 2011 Waiting for Gojal 2 Scientists and satellites hold vigil on a newborn lake in Pakistan

  13. Summer School on Molecular Mechanics and Enabling Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Rashid

    , biochemistry, and physical chemistry. They represented countries such as Pakistan, Japan, Singapore, Spain to lubricating oils. I also performed Neutrophil chemotaxis and cell capture in biochips, this all provided me

  14. Sensitivity and Scenario Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Winston

    Presents the results of various scenarios using models used to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin, and discusses the policy and investment implications. The water allocations per ...

  15. M.C.Acreman,J.Fisher,C.J.Stratford,D.J.Mould and J.O.Mountford Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(1), 158169, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    (OECD, 1996) but, through their biodiversity (Dugan, 1993), natural resources and buffering), the Indus delta in Pakistan (Meynell and Qureshi, 1995), the peat swamps of Indonesia (Maltby et al., 1996

  16. NAJAM UL QADIR najamq@kfupm.edu.sa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    -Bachelors experience in procurement of raw materials and management of manufacturing process for production of polymer Engineering Research Organization, Hasan Abdal, Pakistan (Dec 2002 ­ Aug 2003) Procurement of raw materials in Materials Science Bachelors of Science in Metallurgy

  17. Design and evaluation of a wireless electronic health records system for field care in mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirsh, David

    in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan; the coordinated bombings in Madrid1 and London;2 the Tsunami disaster prepares for: a dirty bomb (an explosive-dispersed radiation device) or nuclear-bomb detonation,6

  18. Tropical cyclone preparedness and response : opportunities for operations research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Maurice D

    2008-01-01

    This thesis explores how operations research methods can be applied in the emergency response community by looking at two recent tropical storm disasters; tropical cyclone Yemyin in Pakistan, June 2007 and super typhoon ...

  19. The people in the city of the nation : re-viewing Islamabad's fifth function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohr, Robert Allen

    2009-01-01

    This thesis is about Islamabad's center. Islamabad is a city built from scratch. It was the "dream" of Ayub Khan-Pakistan's gregarious and globe-trotting general-cum-president-and the product of its chief master planner, ...

  20. Impact assessment of hydroclimatic change on water stress in the Indus Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasheed, Bilhuda

    2013-01-01

    Ninety percent of Pakistan's agricultural output is produced in fields irrigated by the Indus basin irrigation system, the world's largest network of canals, dams, barrages and tubewells. River flows, primarily fed by snow ...

  1. "Informal" architecture : an examination of some adaptive processes in architectural traditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Masood A

    1983-01-01

    A greater part of urban built environment in Pakistan and similar countries may be termed "informal," as not being the result of architects' work. This study seeks to understand the historical nature of this architecture ...

  2. Two Years in the Life of the Indus River Basin [book chapter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Winston

    Reviews the major challenges and current water and agriculture context, plans, and policies following difficult years of drought and catastrophic monsoon flooding in Pakistan's Indus Basin. The years from 2009 through 2011 ...

  3. Guide to subjects African American Studies 55, 90

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    American History 11, 24, 27, 48- 49, 52, 78, 80, 87, 89 Anthropology 62-65, 101, 119, 140 Architecture 2 East, Africa, India, and Pakistan The University of Chicago Press c/o John Wiley & Sons Ltd

  4. Batwara : partition and the city of Amritsar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahni, Pitamber P. (Pitamber Prakash), 1976-

    2003-01-01

    The Partition of British India into the two dominions of India and Pakistan on August 15th 1947 left In its wake the largest human migration of the twentieth century with the transfer of twelve million people across two ...

  5. Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer by Helen Caldicott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2007-01-01

    Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer By Helen CaldicottPakistan. Helen Caldicott. Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer.about the true costs of nuclear power, the health effects of

  6. THE YOUNG ACADEMY MOVEMENT CTHB MEMBER PLAYS A LEADING ROLE IN THE GLOBAL YOUNG ACADEMY AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda, all nations where the tolerance and rationality inherent than their older peers in interactions with society and with politicians. They also bring new energy

  7. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    . At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm of Malaysia Mexico Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Poland Portugal Romania Singapore South

  8. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [February 25, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-02-25

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Nigeria, China, Japan, Argentina, Brazil, Jamaica, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan, Ireland, France, Turkey, United Kingdom, and Federal Republic of Germany.

  9. Anti-inflammatory and Cytotoxic Activities of Mango (Mangifera indica L. var Keitt) Polyphenols in Cancer and Non-cancer Breast Fibroblasts in Vitro 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arbizu Berrocal, Shirley

    2013-08-12

    , Gedong, Golek, Madu, Manalagi Israel Haden, Tommy Atkins, Keitt, Maya, Nimrod, Kent, Palmer Malaysia Apple Rumani, Arumanis, Golek, Kuala Selangor 2, Malgoa Myanmar Aug Din, Ma Chit Su, Sein Ta Lone, Shwe Hin Tha Pakistan Anwar Ratol...

  10. Policy Paper 37: Energy and Security in Northeast Asia: Proposals for Nuclear Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaneko, Kumao; Suzuki, Atsuyuki; Choi, Jor-Shan; Fei, Edward

    1998-01-01

    magnets for uranium enrichment by centrifuge to Pakistan;uranium (HEU), and the expanded use of new enrichment technologies (i.e. , centrifugecentrifuges, that reduce power consumption and production costs will be very influential to the future uranium

  11. PUBLICLECTURE Thursday 6 December 2012 5.30 6.30pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    , and the impact of agricultural research on poverty. She has conducted field work in Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka publications, including Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: Insights from Africa

  12. Worldwide Status of Energy Standards for Buildings - Appendices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janda, K.B.

    2008-01-01

    of pakistan" Energy and Buildings 15-16 (199019] )'533 535in the IT S S R" Energy and Buildings (1990) 14· 401-409 "the IT 5 5 R " Energy and Buildings (1992) 3. Yu Matrosov "

  13. Nuclear World Order and Nonproliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joeck, N

    2007-02-05

    The decision by India and Pakistan in May 1998 to conduct nuclear weapon tests and declare themselves as nuclear weapon states challenged South Asian regional stability calculations, US nonproliferation policy, and prevailing assumptions about international security. A decade later, the effects of those tests are still being felt and policies are still adjusting to the changed global conditions. This paper will consider non- and counter-proliferation policy options for the United States and Pakistan as they work as partners to prevent the transfer of nuclear technology and further nuclear proliferation.

  14. Supplement 19, Part 2, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Parasites: Protozoa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Crawley, Lila R.; Shaw, Judith H.; Hood, Martha W.

    1975-01-01

    argentina Callow, L. L., 1968 a homologous strain immunity Babesia argentina Callow, L. L.; and McGregor, immunity, vaccination, W., 1969 a cattle Babesia argentina imidocarb, cattle Callow, L. L.; and McGregor, W., 1970 a Babesia argentina Callow..., L. L?.; and Mellors, new vaccine, splenecto- L. T., 1966 a mized calves Babesia argentina Callow, L. L.; and Parker, cortisone-induced relap- R. J., 1969 a ses, cattle Babesia argentina Conroy, W. L., 1969 a annual report, 1966-1967 Papua...

  15. Options for developing countries in mining development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walrond, G.W.; Kumar, R.

    1985-01-01

    This book is a study of the issues that developing countries face in planning and implementing mineral development, taking as case studies Botswana, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Tanzania, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and the developed states of Quebec and Western Australia. The authors consider the major aspects of the matter including organization and administration; regulation; taxation and surplus distribution; the dynamics of such instruments as royalty, rent resource tax and capital allowances under various cost/price scenarios; and selected mining agreements and their key provisions. They stress throughout the need for foreign investment while maximizing the economic benefits reaped from exhaustible resources.

  16. Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the genus Cetiocyon and its discovery in the Neotropical region (Insecta: Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiká ?ek, Martin; Short, Andrew E. Z.

    2010-03-11

    (ZMUC); 1 P, 1 spc., same locality and collector, i.1981 (ZMUC). Oro: 1 P, Kokoda, 1300 ft [400 m], ix.1933, lgt. L.E. Cheesman (BMNH); 2 OO, same local- ity and collector, 1200 ft [370 m], vii.1933 (BMNH). South- ern Highlands: 1 P, 1 O, 6 spc., Papua... For- est Camp’ [= near the upper reaches of Baliem riv., ca. 4°15?S 139°00?E, cf. TOXOPEUS (1940) and HANSEN (1999a)]. Type material. Holotype, 1 O, ‘[female symbol] !’, ‘Neth. Ind. Amer. New | Guinea Exped. 2500 – | 2800 m. Moss For- est | Camp. 9...

  17. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  18. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    of Iran Aghajari Oil & Gas Production Company (AOGPC) B,C,N 20 Islamic Republic of Iran Aluminat Places The World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders Usama Bin Laden Network Usama Bin of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ummah Tameer E-Nau (UTN) N 4 United Arab Emirates Energy Global

  19. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Oil & Gas Production Company (AOGPC) B,C,N 20 Islamic Republic of Iran Aluminat Aluminat Production Places The World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders Usama Bin Laden Network Usama Bin of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ummah Tameer E-Nau (UTN) N 4 United Arab Emirates Energy Global

  20. Sir --Young Brazilian scientists not only have to pay high prices for equipment, as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunsch, Carl

    that Pakistan never signed the nuclear non- proliferation treaty, and therefore the International Atomic Energy Sir -- Your Editorial about science reform and alleged sales of nuclear technology to Iran chief nuclear scientist. It beggars belief that a solo scientist would be capable of exchanging nuclear

  1. Provisional January 08, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    #12;#12;National Provisional January 08, 2015 Annual Status of Education Report 2014 2014 #12 Pakistan 2014 Report: Dimension of Information About the Survey Findings National (Rural) National (Urban for Professional Learning (IPL) · National Commission for Human Development (NCHD) · National Rural Support Program

  2. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    for Economic Cooperation and Development about anchor countries is divided in four major parts: The first part: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina of global challenges and worldwide problems because of its economic relevance, political influence in its

  3. Newsfront 31 December 2007 - 6 January 2008, Issue 47

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    of the murder shows it is aware of such an implication. While it is Pakistan government’s responsibility to bring those involved in the murder to justice, world community’s responsibility lies in defeating ‘terrorism’ in any form and manifestation any where...

  4. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  5. Genome Sequence of "Candidatus Frankia datiscae" Dg1, the Uncultured Microsymbiont from Nitrogen-Fixing Root Nodules of the Dicot Datisca glomerata

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Persson, Thomas [Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Benson, David R [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Normand, Philippe [Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; Vanden Heuvel, Brian [Colorado State University, Pueblo CO; Pujic, Petar [Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; Chertkov, Olga [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Teshima, Hazuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pennacchio, Len [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Pawlowski, Katharina [Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Berry, Alison M [California Institute of Technology, University of California, Davis

    2011-01-01

    Members of the noncultured clade of Frankia enter into root nodule symbioses with actinorhizal species from the orders Cucurbitales and Rosales. We report the genome sequence of a member of this clade originally from Pakistan but obtained from root nodules of the American plant Datisca glomerata without isolation in culture.

  6. UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HOUSE PERMANENT SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    of the Department of Energy in the Carter Administration my responsibilities included our nuclear weapons program Soviet Union; · the nuclear weapons programs of India and Pakistan; · transfer of military and dual in chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons. All component agencies of the Intelligence Community understood

  7. A FLASH-FLOODING STORM AT THE STEEP EDGE OF HIGH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houze Jr., Robert A.

    A FLASH-FLOODING STORM AT THE STEEP EDGE OF HIGH TERRAIN Disaster in the Himalayas by Kristen L. rasmussen and robert a. Houze Jr. A lethal flash flood inundated a town when moist airflow from the lowlands the catastrophic slow-rise flooding of the Indus River in Pakistan in late July 2010 (Houze et al. 2011), flooding

  8. A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

  9. A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01

    A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams? TransAsia Pipeline System (TAPS): A Shared Natural Gas Pipeline situations where there are eager purchasers of natural gas (India and Pakistan), willing suppliers of natural

  10. Europe

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    7,900 Mongolia 3 - 3,400 Thailand 152 453 0 South Asia 396 5,802 12,900 8,211 26,913 India 361 5,476 3,800 Pakistan 23 248 9,100 Middle East and North Africa 10,986 867,463...

  11. Europe

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    124 1,115 Indonesia 3 108 46 Mongolia - - 4 Thailand 1 10 5 South Asia 4 86 201 183 470 India 2 44 96 Pakistan 1 24 105 Middle East and North Africa 26 3,117 1,003 1,651 5,772...

  12. IMPACT REPORT 2013 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ZEALAND OMAN PERU POLAND QATAR RUSSIA SERBIA SLOVAK SLOVENIA MAURITIUS SAUDI ARABIA PAKISTAN PALESTINE as a global movement: collaboration. The extraordinary power of groups has been known and harnessed since time " " 720 STAFFDRIVINGOURNETWORK 32,000 VOLUNTEERS POWERING THIS GLOBAL MOVEMENT MORE THAN PEOPLE EDUCATED

  13. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142 South Africa 69 Iran 201 Mexico 126 Nigeria 65 Pakistan 140 Brazil 120 Egypt in LDCs in Africa Algeria 50 Korea Rep. 34 Costa Rica 44 16 from rest of Africa Ghana 37

  14. Challenges of International Distance Learning Language and Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    Schedules Technical Challenges Ensuring Adequate Bandwidth Classroom Audio/Video Supporting Classroom of Management Science (Lahore, Pakistan) Goals: Real-time interaction between sites High quality audio since 1997 Classroom Presenter 3 Tablet PC based classroom interaction system Developed at University

  15. A BETRAYED PROMISE? THE POLITICS OF THE EVERYDAY STATE AND THE RESETTLING OF REFUGEES IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    OF REFUGEES IN PAKISTANI PUNJAB, 1947 -1962 ELISABETTA IOB A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the Degree, mid-1950s. A distinguished-looking refugee is standing in front of a petition writer in the hope refugee, camped in a school, is drafting a letter to the editor of the Pakistan Times. He will hide his

  16. Community health programs in many developing countries are very similar: most involve semi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Roni

    communities in a large hierarchically managed sys- tem across the country. In Pakistan, recent evalua- tions to current information access mechanisms such as handbooks and manuals. We will be designing, developing to such populations, in a way that is both sustainable and appropri- ate [Mansell, 1998 & Tongia, 2005

  17. HealthLine: Towards Speech-based Access to Health Information by Semi-literate Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Roni

    hierarchically managed system across the country. In Pakistan, recent evaluations of the government's flagship of health workers, are a viable alternative to current information access mechanisms such as handbooks (ICTs) can provide real value to such populations, in a way that is both sustainable and appropriate [12

  18. Meta-Simulation of Large WSN on Multi-core Computers Adnan Iqbal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    Meta-Simulation of Large WSN on Multi-core Computers Adnan Iqbal NUST/SEECS Islamabad, Pakistan With the advances in wireless communications large scale Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are emerging with many such networks. The WSN design problem is of high complexity, and requires robust methodologies, includ- ing

  19. Nuclear proliferation after the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reiss, M.; Litwak, R.S.

    1994-01-01

    Today, former Soviet republics threaten to gain control over nuclear weapons sited on their territories, and reports on North Korea, Pakistan, India, and Iraq reveal current or recent weapon development programs. This document offers a timely assessment of the prospects for nuclear nonproliferation.

  20. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  1. Conference Salam/Musset

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le DG L.Van Hove introduit le Prof. A.Salam né en 1926 dans l'ouest du Pakistan, un des gagnants du prix nobel de physique de cette année. Célébration de ses contributions théoriques mondialement connues. Après chaque discours, un petit historique est présenté par Paul Musset. Mention honorable aussi pour l'expérience Gargamelle et ses collaborateurs.

  2. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 97139729, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/9713/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    India and Pakistan, each applying 50 warheads with an individual blasting power of 15 kt ("Hiroshima to the cal- culation of likely soot emissions, particularly concerning as- sumptions of target fuel loading. In addition, there is a substantial reduction of pre- cipitation lasting 5 to 10 yr after the conflict

  3. S U P P L E M E N T A R T I C L E Determinants of Household Costs Associated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rheingans, Richard

    S U P P L E M E N T A R T I C L E Determinants of Household Costs Associated With Childhood households. We used survey data from sites in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan to estimate the costs borne by households due to childhood diarrhea, including direct medical costs, direct nonmedical costs

  4. SURNAME NAME CITIZENSHIP MARK Lima Luiz Brazil 94

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mironova, Irina A.

    Turkey 88 Sinn Fann Singapore 88 Vezvaei Shima Mohammadreza Iran 88 Kopyciok Denise Germany 88 Gadhvi Fleischer Jenny Germany 90 Haider Sarah Pakistan 90 Macalintal Aileen Philippines 90 Muhammad Baloch Jan Italy 89 Ziemann Kathleen Germany 89 Kishon Yael Israel 88,5 Rimmele Till Germany 88,5 Al Kousaa Riham

  5. Earth'sFuture Decadal reduction of Chinese agriculture after a regional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    produce a global food crisis and put a billion people at risk of famine. 1. Introduction The potential nuclear war between India and Pakistan could decrease global surface temper- ature by 1C­2C for 5­10 years and have major impacts on precipitation and solar radiation reaching Earth's surface. Using a crop

  6. Earth'sFuture Measurements and analysis of air quality in Islamabad,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aneja, Viney P.

    of rapid economic growth due to industrial- ization. Motor vehicles, industrial activities, and coal [International Monetary Fund, 2010]. Reliance on diesel fuel by transport sector is another factor-Asia & Pakistan Clean Air Network, 2006]. These environmental damages cost the country an annual loss of about Rs

  7. The Nonproliferation Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.

    2000-07-28

    The aim of this paper is to understand the numerous nuclear-related agreements that involve India and Pakistan, and in so doing identify starting points for future confidence-creating and confidence-building projects. Existing nuclear-related agreements provide a framework under which various projects can be proposed that foster greater nuclear transparency and cooperation in South Asia. The basic assumptions and arguments underlying this paper can be summarized as follows: (1) Increased nuclear transparency between India and Pakistan is a worthwhile objective, as it will lead to the irreversibility of extant nuclear agreements, the prospects of future agreements; and the balance of opacity and transparency required for stability in times of crises; (2) Given the current state of Indian and Pakistani relations, incremental progress in increased nuclear transparency is the most likely future outcome; and (3) Incremental progress can be achieved by enhancing the information exchange required by existing nuclear-related agreements.

  8. Gas in developing countries: Volume 2, Country studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    This volume contains detailed case-studies of the history and prospects for natural gas utilization in eight developing countries: Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand and Tunisia. All of these countries have been visited by members of the research team, with the exception of Pakistan. Running through all the case-histories is the importance of defining a clear market for the gas. In some cases this can prove remarkably difficult, especially when the oil price is relatively low. In other cases a market does exist, but is very limited in relation to the size of available reserves. The other theme which recurs over and over again is the importance of the relationship between the government and its agencies, and the foreign oil companies which are involved in exploration and development of gas reserves. These two issues are addressed in detail in each case study. But it is also the case that each country highlights specific aspects of the gas story.

  9. Household energy use in non-OPEC developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, J.C.

    1980-05-01

    Energy use in the residential sector in India, Brazil, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, the Sudan, Pakistan, Malaysia, and Guatemala is presented. Whenever possible, information is included on the commercial fuels (oil, gas, coal, and electricity) and on what are termed noncommercial fuels (firewood, animal dung, and crop residues). Of special interest are the differences in the consumption patterns of urban and rural areas, and of households at different income levels. Where the data allow, the effect of household size on energy consumption is discussed. Section II is an overview of the data for all eight countries. Section III examines those areas (India, Brazil, Mexico City) for which data exist on the actual quantity of energy consumed by households. Korea, the Sudan, and Pakistan, which collect data on household expenditures on fuels, are discussed in Section IV. The patterns of ownership of energy-using durables in Malaysia and Guatemala are discussed in Section V. (MCW)

  10. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/4: Missile Control in South Asia and the Role of Cooperative Monitoring Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamal, N.; Sawhney, P.

    1998-10-01

    The succession of nuclear tests by India and Pakistan in May 1998 has changed the nature of their missile rivalry, which is only one of numerous manifestations of their relationship as hardened adversaries, deeply sensitive to each other's existing and evolving defense capabilities. The political context surrounding this costly rivalry remains unmediated by arms control measures or by any nascent prospect of detente. As a parallel development, sensible voices in both countries will continue to talk of building mutual confidence through openness to avert accidents, misjudgments, and misinterpretations. To facilitate a future peace process, this paper offers possible suggestions for stabilization that could be applied to India's and Pakistan's missile situation. Appendices include descriptions of existing missile agreements that have contributed to better relations for other countries as well as a list of the cooperative monitoring technologies available to provide information useful in implementing subcontinent missile regimes.

  11. C-Band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (C-SAPR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N

    2012-11-13

    The C-band scanning ARM precipitation radar (C-SAPR) is a scanning polarimetric Doppler radar transmitting simultaneously in both H and V polarizations. With a 350-kW magnetron transmitter, this puts 125 kW of transmitted power for each polarization. The receiver for the C-SAPR is a National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) -developed Hi-Q system operating in a coherent-on-receive mode. The ARM Climate Research Facility operates two C-SAPRs; one of them is deployed near the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility near the triangular array of X-SAPRs, and the second C-SAPR is deployed at ARM’s Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea.

  12. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 5, Issue 7 (Special Issue), 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science

    2008-01-01

    22 White Sandstone in Subathu Sub-Basin: an example of tectonically driven forced regressive wedge MK Bera, A Sarkar and PP Chakraborty, Page 24 Evolution of the Lesser Himalaya ON Bhargava and W.Frank, Page 26 Bursting of glacial lakes—a consequence... : textural evidence for partial melting and phase equilibria modeling Carl Guilmette, Indares Aphrodite, Hébert Réjean and CS Wang. Page 56 New occurrence of eclogitic continental rocks in NW Himalaya: The Stak massif in northern Pakistan Stéphane Guillot...

  13. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 5, Issue 7 (Special Issue), 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science

    2008-01-01

    zircon ages of eclogites in the Stak massif, northern Pakistan Nicolas Riel, Kéiko Hattori, Stéphane Guillot, Nicole Rayner, Bill Davis, Mohamad Latif and Allah B. Kausar, Page 119 Structural, paleogeographic and topographic evolution of the northern... Hallet, Page Chamberlain, William Kidd and Peter Koons, Page 176 Paleomagnetic and Geochronologic Results From Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Rocks of the Central Tibet: Implications for the Paleogeography of the Qiangtang Terrane Xixi Zhao, Pete Lippert...

  14. Trailblazing IPPs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burr, M.T.; Anderson, J.L.; Hennagir, T.

    1996-04-01

    Financing of new power plants during the period of 1995 through 1996 is discussed in this article. Developers and financial executives were interviewed and major financial details are summarized for six international private power projects. The projects outlined are: Birecik hydropower project, Turkey; Mindanao I geothermal project, Philippines; Nejapa power project, El Salvador; Lalpir power project, Pakistan; Hainan Island power project, People`s Republic of China; Gardanne-Provence circulating fluidized bed boiler retrofit, France.

  15. Policy issues facing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and prospects for the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, J.

    1999-04-01

    This report is divided into the following 5 sections: (1) Background; (2) Major Issues Facing Ratification of CTBT; (3) Current Status on CTBT Ratification; (4) Status of CTBT Signatories and Ratifiers; and (5) CTBT Activities Not Prohibited. The major issues facing ratification of CTBT discussed here are: impact on CTBT of START II and ABM ratification; impact of India and Pakistan nuclear tests; CTBT entry into force; and establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization.

  16. Casualties and smoke emissions from regional and global nuclear conflict.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    generated (Tg) By Russia France 200 6.5 Germany 200 7.3 India 200 21.4 Japan 200 11.9 Pakistan 200 11.0 U,neutrons Thermal radiation, fires ignited 2 km from ground zero at Hiroshima Blast wave, destroys brick buildings 2, fires ignited 2 km from ground zero at Hiroshima Bombs cause 3 types of damage Blast wave, destroys

  17. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  18. Diversity within Unity: Import Laws of Islamic Countries on Haram (Forbidden) Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj; Keating, Shannon

    2014-05-15

    Not surprisingly, different Islamic Members of the WTO have staked out different positions; Indonesia and Malaysia take a liberal view, permitting importation, while Brunei and Pakistan bar it.44 Brunei has a tiny exception for small amounts of beer or wine... Global Alcohol Policy: Current Directions, in ALCOHOL: SCIENCE, POLICY, AND PUBLIC HEALTH 395, 396 (Peter Boyle et al. eds., 2013); see Tables. 45. See Brunei Darussalam: Alcohol Advisory, TRIP ADVISOR (Sept. 16, 2010), http://www.tripadvisor.com/ Travel...

  19. Palatine, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages Recent Changes AllPailasPakistan:

  20. Nuclear deterrence in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hagerty, D.T.

    1995-12-31

    Did India and Pakistan nearly fight a nuclear war in 1990? In a provocative 1993 article, Seymour M. Hersh claims that they did. During a crisis with India over the rapidly escalating insurgency in Kashmir, Pakistan openly deployed its main armored tank units along the Indian border and, in secret, placed its nuclear-weapons arsenal on alert. As a result, the Bush Administration became convinced that the world was on the edge of a nuclear exchange between Pakistan and India. Universe of cases is admittedly small, but my argument is supported by recent research indicating that preemptive attacks of any kind have been historically rarer than conventionally believed. The nuclear era has seen two instances of preventive attacks against nuclear facilities-the 1981 Israeli bombing of Iraq`s Osirak nuclear facility and the allied coalition`s 1991 air war against Iraq-but both of these actions were taken without fear of nuclear reprisal. In situations where nuclear retaliation has been a possibility, no leader of nuclear weapon state has chosen to launch a preemptive first strike. 97 refs.

  1. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/6: Pakistani Perceptions and Prospects of Reducing the Nuclear Danger in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamal, N.

    1999-01-01

    The Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests in May 1998 triggered a full-blown nuclear debate. For the first time, hard-liners, moderates, and pacifists engaged in an extensive public discussion that helped to make the people of Pakistan more sensitive to the dangers of nuclear competition. Pakistan's concerns about its conventional military inferiority, both in the present and future, and the belief that nuclear capability would deter India from exerting its superior military strength, constituted the bedrock of its perception on the nuclear issue. Ofilcial Pakistani statements, both immediately after the nuclear tests and later, have advocated restraint on the issue of nuclearization, indicating cognizance of the importance of avoiding a regional nuclear arms competition, both for security and economic reasons. This paper suggests a variety of nonweaponization and nondeployment options that would serve the security interests of India and Pakistan. Besides preventing a hair-trigger situation, these options could reduce the financial and logistical burden of ensuring the safety and security of nuclear weapons as well as lower strategic threat-perceptions.

  2. Blood and hair lead in children with different extents of iron deficiency in Karachi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ataur Rahman, Muhammad; Rahman, Bushra [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan)] [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan); Saeed Ahmad, Muhammad [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom); Blann, Andrew [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom)] [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom); Ahmed, Nessar, E-mail: N.Ahmed@mmu.ac.uk [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)

    2012-10-15

    Childhood iron deficiency has a high incidence in Pakistan. Some but not all studies have shown that dietary iron deficiency may cause increased absorption of lead as both compete for the same transporters in the small intestine. Therefore, children in Pakistan, residing in heavily polluted cities like Karachi may be prone to lead poisoning. This hypothesis was tested by investigating blood and hair lead concentrations in children from Karachi who were divided into four groups of iron status; normal, borderline iron deficiency, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia. A prospective observational study was conducted where 269 children were categorized into four groups of iron status using the World Health Organization criteria and one based on soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood iron status was determined using a full blood count, serum iron, ferritin, transferrin saturation and soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood lead was determined by graphite atomic absorption spectroscopy, whereas hair lead was assessed using an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy technique. Blood lead concentrations were significantly higher in children with iron deficiency anaemia (mean [95% confidence intervals] were 24.9 [22.6-27.2] {mu}g/dL) compared to those with normal iron status (19.1 [16.8-21.4] {mu}g/dL) using WHO criteria. In contrast, hair lead content was not significantly different in children of different iron status. Our findings reinforce the importance of not only reducing environmental lead pollution but also the development of national health strategies to reduce childhood iron deficiency in Pakistan.

  3. The role of opacity and transparency in achieving strategic stability in South Asia.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajain, Arpit (New Delhi, India); Ashraf, Tariq Mahmud (Islamabad, Pakistan)

    2005-08-01

    According to international relations theory, deterrence can be used as a tool to achieve stability between potentially hostile nations. India and Pakistan's long history of periodic crises raises the question of how they can achieve deterrence stability. 'Transparency' describes the flow of information between parties and plays a key role in establishing a deterrence relationship. This paper studies the balance needed between opacity and transparency in nuclear topics for the maintenance of deterrence stability between India and Pakistan. States with nuclear weapons are postulated to implement transparency in four categories: potential, capability, intent, and resolve. The study applies these categories to the nuclear components of the ongoing India-Pakistan Composite Dialogue Working Group for Peace and Security including CBMs. To focus our efforts, we defined four scenarios to characterize representative strategic/military/political conditions. The scenarios are combinations of these two sets of opposite poles: competition - cooperation; extremism - moderation (to be understood primarily in a religious/nationalistic sense). We describe each scenario in terms of select focal areas (nuclear doctrine, nuclear command and control, nuclear stockpile, nuclear delivery/defensive systems, and conventional force posture). The scenarios help frame the realm of possibilities, and have been described in terms of expected conditions for the focal areas. We then use the conditions in each scenario to prescribe a range of information-sharing actions that the two countries could take to increase stability. We also highlight the information that should not be shared. These actions can be political (e.g., declarations), procedural (e.g., advance notice of certain military activities), or technologically based (e.g., seismic monitoring of the nuclear test moratorium).

  4. Party Politics and Revolution: Stabilization and Insurrection 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halbert, Cameron Milton

    2014-09-24

    SLA 1 0 1 Argentina 1974-1977 PRT/ERP 0 1 1 Bolivia 1967 ELN 0 1 1 Cameroon 1961 UPC 0 1 1 Myanmar 1948-1988 CPB 0 1 1 Nepal 1960-1962 NC 0 1 1 Pakistan 1990, 1995-1996 MQM 0 1 1 Peru 1963-1965 MIR 0 1 1 Cambodia 1967-1969 KR 0 0 0 Central... support from the US and Argentina and was able to turn around from certain defeat to certain victory. This leads me to the point that external states may tend to sympathize with one side or the other, leading to different strategies for the insurrection...

  5. Spectral narrowing via quantum coherence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikhailov, Eugeniy E.; Sautenkov, Vladimir A.; Rostovtsev, Yuri V.; Zhang, Aihua; Zubairy, M. Suhail; Scully, Marlan O.; Welch, George R.

    2006-01-01

    narrowing via quantum coherence Eugeniy E. Mikhailov,1 Vladimir A. Sautenkov,1,2 Yuri V. Rostovtsev,1 Aihua Zhang,1 M. Suhail Zubairy,1,3 Marlan O. Scully,1,4 and George R. Welch1 1Department of Physics and Institute of Quantum Studies, Texas A...&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242, USA 2P. N. Lebedev Institute of Physics, 119991 Moscow, Russia 3Department of Electronics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan 4Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey...

  6. Manipulation of the Raman process via incoherent pump, tunable intensity, and phase control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Li-Gang; Qamar, Sajid; Zhu, Shi-Yao; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2008-01-01

    of the Raman process via incoherent pump, tunable intensity, and phase control Li-Gang Wang,1,2,3 Sajid Qamar,1 Shi-Yao Zhu,1,2,3 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,4,5 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2...Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China 3Department of Physics, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China 4Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77845, USA 5...

  7. Interview of Haroon Ahmed - 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Haroon

    2009-01-01

    , the first being before I was a student; I was then not committed to electronics as such but to electrical engineering because in Pakistan there wasn't much in electronics; I was going to go back and set up power systems which my father wanted me to do; when... of informal groups and she goes to the Endellion concerts as a regular subscriber; I went once or twice but found I was not enjoying myself 28:29:24 I went to a school where the quality of teaching was very poor, despite its reputation; I was aware that I wasn...

  8. Energy conservation in typical Asian countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M.; Rumsey, P.

    1997-06-01

    Various policies and programs have been created to promote energy conservation in Asia. Energy conservation centers, energy conservation standards and labeling, commercial building codes, industrial energy use regulations, and utility demand-side management (DSM) are but a few of them. This article attempts to analyze the roles of these different policies and programs in seven typical Asian countries: China, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand. The conclusions show that the two most important features behind the success policies and programs are (1) government policy support and (2) long-run self-sustainability of financial support to the programs.

  9. The many faces of methylmercury poisoning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elhassani, S.B.

    1982-10-01

    Methylmercury (MM) is a very potent neurotoxic agent. Its role in polluting the environment is well documented. A vast amount of study over the past several decades has finally provided insight into many aspects of its effect. Exposure to MM may be through ingestion of poisoned fish or inadvertent misuse of grain treated with the poison as a fungicide. Major epidemics have occurred in Japan (Fetal Minamata disease), Iraq, Pakistan, Guatemala, and Ghana. Sporadic incidences have occurred in the United States and Canada. There is no effective antidote to counteract the effect of MM on the central nervous system, although the information documented should provide hope for more effective therapy in acute cases.

  10. Influence of pump-phase fluctuations on entanglement generation using a correlated spontaneous-emission laser 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qamar, Shahid; Xiong, Han; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2007-01-01

    Influence of pump-phase fluctuations on entanglement generation using a correlated spontaneous-emission laser Shahid Qamar,1,* Han Xiong,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,2,3,? 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology..., Islamabad, Pakistan 2Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A& M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 3Texas A&M University at Qatar, Education City, P.O. Box 23874, Doha, Qatar #1;Received 12 July 2006; published 6 June...

  11. Batch polymerization of styrene and isoprene by n-butyl lithium initiator 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasan, Sayeed

    1970-01-01

    BATCN ?OLYMERIZATION OF STYRENE AND ISO?RENE BY n-BUTYL LITHIUM INITIATOR A Thesis SAYEED IIASAV Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the d pre of IJASTER OF SCIFNCE... ler) CP3 MV gse P . January 1970 9&ZS&8 ABSTRACT Batch Polymerization of Styrene and Isoprene By n-Butyl Lithium Initiator. (January 1970) Sayeed 1Iasan, B. Sc. , East Pakistan University of Engineering and Technology, Dacca Directed by: Dr...

  12. Laboratory studies of imbibition flooding using carbonated brine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharif, Qamar Javaid

    1991-01-01

    & Technology, Pakistan. Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Steven W. Poston The objective of this research was to blend both, COq injection and water imbibition methods and develop a technique best suitable for enhancing oil recovery from low permeability... drive, was induced at the end of 48 hours. Studies have shown that increase in carbonated brine concentration increased total oil recovery at 70 F. With 5. 5 % carbonated brine, 62. 2 % of OOIP was recovered at 150 F as compared to 73. 7 % of OOIP...

  13. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20

    , Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam in the top 25. Outside of Eurasia, Mexico ranked in the top ten and Brazil and Columbia in the top twenty-five. Figure 1. Map of Number of Toponymic Homonyms. Page 6 Rank Country Count Rank Country Count 1 Russia 35392... 14 Poland 5930 2 China 19363 15 South Korea 5559 3 Iran 17386 16 Thailand 5405 4 Indonesia 16504 17 Burma 4844 5 Afghanistan 10461 18 Brazil 4614 6 Pakistan 9221 19 Ukraine 4358 7 Germany 8454 20 Belgium 4181 8 Mexico 8193 21 Peru 3978 9...

  14. US, Russian intelligence agencies offer proliferation assessments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfsthal, J.B.

    1993-03-01

    The CIA outlined for the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee (February 24, 1993) the prospects for the spread of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and ballistic missiles in the aftermath of the Cold War. The testimony came less than one month after the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service released an 118-page report that also stressed the importance of preventing proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. CIA testimony and the FIS report both provided details on several states of proliferation concern, including North Korea, Iran, India, and Pakistan.

  15. Southasian Econmic Integration and the role of Indian Punjab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maini, Tridivesh Singh

    2005-01-01

    the SADC expanded to other areas like food security, energy, industry and trade. Some of the moves, which could be broadly described as steps towards functional integration in the case of the two Punjabs, are the following: First, the West Punjab... reasons: One, Punjab located on the Northwestern border of India, is the only Indian state, which has the strategic benefit of being a link to both Pakistan and the former CIS countries and Iran. Two, the two Punjabs via their peace initiatives, mostly...

  16. Palatka, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages Recent Changes AllPailasPakistan:Palatka,

  17. U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Laclede GasEfficiency| DepartmentSecurity |Know |1,|ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN -

  18. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation for

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Laclede GasEfficiency| DepartmentSecurity |Know |1,|ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN

  19. Cooperative measures to support the Indo-Pak Agreement Reducing Risk from Accidents Relating to Nuclear Weapons.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishra, Sitakanta; Ahmed, Mansoor

    2014-04-01

    In 2012, India and Pakistan reaffirmed the Agreement on Reducing the Risk from Accidents Relating to Nuclear Weapons. Despite a history of mutual animosity and persistent conflict between the two countries, this agreement derives strength from a few successful nuclear confidence building measures that have stood the test of time. It also rests on the hope that the region would be spared a nuclear holocaust from an accidental nuclear weapon detonation that might be misconstrued as a deliberate use of a weapon by the other side. This study brings together two emerging strategic analysts from South Asia to explore measures to support the Agreement and further develop cooperation around this critical issue. This study briefly dwells upon the strategic landscape of nuclear South Asia with the respective nuclear force management structures, doctrines, and postures of India and Pakistan. It outlines the measures in place for the physical protection and safety of nuclear warheads, nuclear materials, and command and control mechanisms in the two countries, and it goes on to identify the prominent, emerging challenges posed by the introduction of new weapon technologies and modernization of the respective strategic forces. This is followed by an analysis of the agreement itself leading up to a proposed framework for cooperative measures that might enhance the spirit and implementation of the agreement.

  20. Gas Centrifuges and Nuclear Proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David

    2004-09-15

    Gas centrifuges have been an ideal enrichment method for a wide variety of countries. Many countries have built gas centrifuges to make enriched uranium for peaceful nuclear purposes. Other countries have secretly sought centrifuges to make highly enriched uranium for nuclear weapons. In more recent times, several countries have secretly sought or built gas centrifuges in regions of tension. The main countries that have been of interest in the last two decades have been Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. Currently, most attention is focused on Iran, Pakistan, and North Korea. These states did not have the indigenous abilities to make gas centrifuges, focusing instead on illicit and questionable foreign procurement. The presentation covered the following main sections: Spread of centrifuges through illicit procurement; Role of export controls in stopping proliferation; Increasing the transparency of gas centrifuge programs in non-nuclear weapon states; and, Verified dismantlement of gas centrifuge programs. Gas centrifuges are important providers of low enriched uranium for civil nuclear power reactors. They also pose special nuclear proliferation risks. We all have special responsibilities to prevent the spread of gas centrifuges into regions of tension and to mitigate the consequences of their spread into the Middle East, South Asia, and North Asia.

  1. Cooperative Mmonitoring Center Occasional Paper/5: Propspects of Conventional Arms Control in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Amit; Kamal, Nazir

    1998-11-01

    The intensely adversarial relationship between India and Pakistan is marked by military rivalry, mutual distrust, and suspicion. The most dividing disagreement has been over the Kashmir region. An inability to discuss the Kashmir issue has prevented discussion on other important issues. Since there is little prospect of detente, at least in the near-term, the question is whether this rivalry can be contained by other means, such as arms control approaches. Conventional arms control has been applied flexibly and successfully in some regions to reduce threat-perceptions and achieve reassuring military stability. Some lessons from other international models might be applied to the India/Pakistan context. This paper discusses the status of conventional arms control in South Asia, the dominant Indian and Pakistani perceptions about arms control, the benefits that could be derived from arms control, as well as the problems and prospects of arms control. It also discusses existing conventional arms control agreements at the regional and global levels as well as the potential role of cooperative monitoring technology.

  2. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  3. Mineral industries of Australia, Canada, and Oceania (including a discussion of Antarctica's mineral resources). Mineral perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimbell, C.L.; Lyday, T.Q.; Newman, H.H.

    1985-12-01

    The Bureau of Mines report gives the mineral industry highlights of two of the world's major mineral producing countries, Australia and Canada, and seven Pacific island nations or territories--Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Nauru, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The mineral resources of Antarctica are also discussed. Because of the size of the Australian and Canadian mineral industries, summary reviews are presented for each of the States, Provinces, or Territories. The most current information available from all nations is given on major minerals or mineral-commodity production, share of world production, and reserves. Reported also are significant mining companies, locations and capacities of their main facilities, and their share of domestic production. Other information is provided on mineral-related trade with the United States, government mineral policy, energy production-consumption and trade, the mining industry labor force, and prospects for the mineral industry. Maps show the locations of selected mineral deposits, oilfields and gasfields, mines, and processing facilities including iron and steel plants, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants, as well as infrastructure pertinent to the mineral industry.

  4. A survey of nuclear-related agreements and possibilities for nuclear cooperation in South Asia: Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/15

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV

    2000-04-01

    Several existing nuclear-related agreements already require India and Pakistan, as members, to share information. The agreements are bilateral, regional, and international. Greater nuclear transparency between India and Pakistan could be promoted by first understanding the information flows required by existing agreements. This understanding is an essential step for developing projects that can incrementally advance the sensitivity of the information being shared. This paper provides a survey of existing nuclear-related agreements involving India and Pakistan, and suggests future confidence-building projects using the frameworks provided by these agreements. The Bilateral Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear Reactors and Nuclear Facilities is discussed as a basis for creating further agreements on restricting the use and deployment of nuclear weapons. The author suggests options for enhancing the value of the list of nuclear facilities exchanged annually as a part of this agreement. The International Atomic Energy Agency's regional cooperation agreement among countries in the Asia-Pacific region is an opportunity for greater subregional nuclear cooperation in South Asia. Linking the regional agreement with South Asian environmental cooperation and marine pollution protection efforts could provide a framework for projects involving Indian and Pakistani coastal nuclear facilities. Programs of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations that use nuclear techniques to increase food and crop production and optimize water management in arid areas also provide similar opportunities for nuclear cooperation. Other frameworks for nuclear cooperation originate from international conventions related to nuclear safety, transportation of nuclear wastes, worker protection against ionizing radiation, and the nondeployment of nuclear weapons in certain areas. The information shared by existing frameworks includes: laws and regulations (including internal inspection procedures that enforce compliance); lists of nuclear facilities; emergency response procedures and available resources; information related to the transportation of nuclear wastes (particularly via shipping); understanding and notification of accidental releases; and radionuclide release data from select coastal facilities. Incremental increases in the sensitivity of the information being shared could strengthen norms for Indian and Pakistani nuclear transparency. This paper suggests seven technology-based Indian and Pakistani nuclear transparency projects for consideration. Existing nuclear-related agreements provide an information-sharing framework within which the projects could occur. Eventually, as confidence increases and new agreements are negotiated, future projects could begin to deal with the accounting of fissile materials and nuclear weapons disposition and control.

  5. Marginal cost of natural gas in developing countries: concepts and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mashayekhi, A.

    1983-01-01

    Many developing nations are facing complex questions regarding the best strategy for developing their domestic gas reserves. The World Bank has addressed these questions in studies on the cost and prices of gas and its optimal allocation among different markets. Based on the average incremental method, an estimate of the marginal cost of natural gas in 10 developing countries proved to be $0.61-1.79/1000 CF or $3.59-10.54/bbl of oil equivalent, far below the border prices of competing fuels in these nations. Moreover, the cost of gas is not expected to rise in these countries within the next 20 years while the reserves/production ratios remain high. The sample involves a variety of gas compositions and production conditions among the countries of Bangladesh, Cameroon, Egypt, India, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand, and Tunisia.

  6. Natural gas: Governments and oil companies in the Third World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, A.; Hurst, C.; Mabro, R.

    1988-01-01

    It is asserted that oil companies claim to be generally receptive to gas development proposals; however, the lack of potential markets for gas, problems of foreign exchange convertibility, and lack of a legal framework often hinders their engagement. Governments, on the other hand, need to secure domestic energy supply and, if possible, gain some export earnings or royalties. An extensive discussion on the principles of pricing and fiscal regimes, potential points of disagreement is provided. A course of action is outlined from the managerial point of view to circumvent the most common pitfalls in planning and financing a gas project. Eight very detailed case studies are presented for Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Tunisia and Thailand.

  7. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M.

    1997-04-01

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  8. Campus Views - Galveston A&M - 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2005-08-24

    One-atom correlated-emission laser Ho-Joon Kim,1,2 Ashfaq H. Khosa,1 Hai-Woong Lee,1,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Department of Physics, Korea Advanced... + p1*#1;p2 + p1*#2;#5;#6;1#5;2 + p2#1;p2 + p1*#2;#5;#6;2#5;2. #1;A13#2; #3;1#4; Y. Mu and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5944 #1;1992#2;. #3;2#4; C. Ginzel, H. J. Briegel, U. Martini, B. G. Englert, and A. Schenzle, Phys. Rev. A 48, 732 #1;1993#2...

  9. Demilitarization of the Siachen conflict zone : concepts for implementation and monitoring.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanwal, Gurmeet (Indian Army); Hakeem, Asad (Pakistan Army); Vannoni, Michael Geoffrey; Rajen, Gaurav

    2007-09-01

    Pakistani and Indian militaries have been occupying the Siachen Glacier and surrounding regions for decades. Although a cease-fire is in place, continued occupation carries the risk of an inadvertent conflict, which could escalate into a full-fledged nuclear-backed confrontation. Political and military analysts in Pakistan and India now question the strategic significance of the Siachen Glacier and agree that under the right circumstances, military withdrawal from the Siachen Glacier region would not adversely affect either state. The difficulty lies in conducting the withdrawal in such a way that neither side feels vulnerable, and in maintaining the demilitarization in a way that can be verified. In this paper, the authors who have both held command responsibilities in the Siachen Glacier region present a process for conducting and verifying the demilitarization of the Siachen Glacier region. The authors discuss the role of monitoring and verification tools and their relevance to this border zone of conflict.

  10. Deterrence versus Preemption: Assessing U.S. Nuclear Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, Stephen (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists) [Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

    2003-03-19

    Since coming into office in 2001, the Bush administration has enacted a series of controversial policies designed to create a more robust and more usable nuclear arsenal. From requiring new nuclear strike capabilities (including against non-nuclear countries), to threatening preemptive attacks, to investing billions of dollars in rebuilding the nuclear weapons production complex, the administration is systematically strengthening the role nuclear weapons play in defending the United States and its interests around the world. This presentation examines those policies and the thinking that underlies them. It questions the effectiveness of the administration's approach and explores some of the unintended consequences vis-a-vis U.S. policy toward North Korea, Iraq, Pakistan, and others. Finally, it takes a detailed look at current efforts to develop a new low-yield earth-penetrating nuclear weapon to destroy hardened underground facilities, assessing the feasibility of such a device and the potential effects of its use.

  11. Spatial Variability of Surface Irradiance Measurements at the Manus ARM Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riihimaki, Laura D.; Long, Charles N.

    2014-05-16

    The location of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site on Manus island in Papua New Guinea was chosen because it is very close the coast, in a geographically at, near-sea level area of the island, minimizing the impact of local island effects on the meteorology of the measurements [Ackerman et al., 1999]. In this study, we confirm that the Manus site is in deed less impacted by the island meteorology than slightly inland by comparing over a year of broadband surface irradiance and ceilometer measurements and derived quantities at the standard Manus site and a second location 7 km away as part of the AMIE-Manus campaign. The two sites show statistically similar distributions of irradiance and other derived quantities for all wind directions except easterly winds, when the inland site is down wind from the standard Manus site. Under easterly wind conditions, which occur 17% of the time, there is a higher occurrence of cloudiness at the down wind site likely do to land heating and orographic effects. This increased cloudiness is caused by shallow, broken clouds often with bases around 700 m in altitude. While the central Manus site consistently measures a frequency of occurrence of low clouds (cloud base height less than 1200 m) about 25+4% regardless of wind direction, the AMIE site has higher frequencies of low clouds (38%) when winds are from the east. This increase in low, locally produced clouds causes an additional -20 W/m2 shortwave surface cloud radiative effect at the AMIE site in easterly conditions than in other meteorological conditions that exhibit better agreement between the two sites.

  12. Radiative Heating of the ISCCP Upper Level Cloud Regimes and its Impact on the Large-scale Tropical Circulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei; Schumacher, Courtney; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2013-01-31

    Radiative heating profiles of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud regimes (or weather states) were estimated by matching ISCCP observations with radiative properties derived from cloud radar and lidar measurements from the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites at Manus, Papua New Guinea, and Darwin, Australia. Focus was placed on the ISCCP cloud regimes containing the majority of upper level clouds in the tropics, i.e., mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), deep cumulonimbus with cirrus, mixed shallow and deep convection, and thin cirrus. At upper levels, these regimes have average maximum cloud occurrences ranging from 30% to 55% near 12 km with variations depending on the location and cloud regime. The resulting radiative heating profiles have maxima of approximately 1 K/day near 12 km, with equal heating contributions from the longwave and shortwave components. Upper level minima occur near 15 km, with the MCS regime showing the strongest cooling of 0.2 K/day and the thin cirrus showing no cooling. The gradient of upper level heating ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 K/(day?km), with the most convectively active regimes (i.e., MCSs and deep cumulonimbus with cirrus) having the largest gradient. When the above heating profiles were applied to the 25-year ISCCP data set, the tropics-wide average profile has a radiative heating maximum of 0.45Kday-1 near 250 hPa. Column-integrated radiative heating of upper level cloud accounts for about 20% of the latent heating estimated by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR). The ISCCP radiative heating of tropical upper level cloud only slightly modifies the response of an idealized primitive equation model forced with the tropics-wide TRMM PR latent heating, which suggests that the impact of upper level cloud is more important to large-scale tropical circulation variations because of convective feedbacks rather than direct forcing by the cloud radiative heating profiles. However, the height of the radiative heating maxima and gradient of the heating profiles are important to determine the sign and patterns of the horizontal circulation anomaly driven by radiative heating at upper levels.

  13. International perceptions of US nuclear policy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanley, Elizabeth A.

    2006-02-01

    The report presents a summary of international perceptions and beliefs about US nuclear policy, focusing on four countries--China, Iran, Pakistan and Germany--chosen because they span the spectrum of states with which the United States has relationships. A paradox is pointed out: that although the goal of US nuclear policy is to make the United States and its allies safer through a policy of deterrence, international perceptions of US nuclear policy may actually be making the US less safe by eroding its soft power and global leadership position. Broadly held perceptions include a pattern of US hypocrisy and double standards--one set for the US and its allies, and another set for all others. Importantly, the US nuclear posture is not seen in a vacuum, but as one piece of the United States behavior on the world stage. Because of this, the potential direct side effects of any negative international perceptions of US nuclear policy can be somewhat mitigated, dependent on other US policies and actions. The more indirect and long term relation of US nuclear policy to US international reputation and soft power, however, matters immensely to successful multilateral and proactive engagement on other pressing global issues.

  14. South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

    2000-04-01

    To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

  15. Tectonic and deposition model of late Precambrian-Cambrian Arabian and adjoining plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Husseini, M.I. (Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1989-09-01

    During the late Precambrian, the terranes of the Arabian and adjoining plates were fused along the northeastern flank of the African plate in Gondwanaland. This phase, which ended approximately 640 to 620 Ma, was followed by continental failure (620 to 580 Ma) and intracontinental extension (600 to approximately 550 Ma). During the Infracambrian extensional phase, a triple junction may have evolved near the Sinai Peninsula and may have consisted of the (1) Jordan Valley and Dead Sea rift branch, (2) Sinai and North Egypt rift branch, and (3) the Najd wrench-rift branch. The Najd, Hawasina, and Zagros fault systems may have been transverse faults that accompanied rifting in the Arabian Gulf and Zagros Mountains, southern Oman, Pakistan, and Kerman in central Iran. While the area was extending and subsiding, the Tethys Ocean flooded the eastern side of the Arabian plate and Iran and deposited calcareous clastics, carbonates, and evaporites (including the Hormuz and Ara halites). This transgression extended into the western part of the Arabian plate via the Najd rift system. The termination of the extensional phase during the late Early Cambrian was accompanied by a major regression and terrestrial conditions on the Arabian Peninsula. However, by the Early Ordovician, as sea level peaked to a highstand, the Arabian plate was blanketed with marginal marine sediments. 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. Prospects for coal briquettes as a substitute fuel for wood and charcoal in US Agency for International Development Assisted countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.; Stevenson, G.G.; Shelton, R.B.

    1986-02-01

    Fuelwood shortages and potential shortages are widespread throughout the developing world, and are becoming increasingly more prevalent because of the clearing of land for subsistence and plantation agriculture, excessive and inefficient commercial timber harvesting for domestic and export construction, and charcoal production to meet rising urban demands. Further, the environmental and socioeconomic consequences of the resulting deforestation are both pervasive and complex. This report focuses on the substitution of coal briquettes for fuelwood. Although substantial adverse health effects could be expected from burning non-anthracite coal or coal briquettes, a well-developed technique, carbonization, exists to convert coal to a safer form for combustion. The costs associated with briquetting and carbonizing coal indicate that ''smokeless'' coal briquettes can be produced at costs competitive with fuelwood and charcoal. The US Agency for International Development (USAID) is working on implementing this energy option in Haiti and Pakistan by (1) evaluating resources, (2) assessing markets, (3) analyzing technologies, (4) studying government policy and planning, and (5) packaging the idea for the private sector to implement. 26 refs., 2 figs., 12 tabs.

  17. Energy resources and technologies for rural third world countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parate, N.S.

    1983-12-01

    This paper examines the various energy sources, renewable and nonrenewable, in the context of developing and industrialised countries. Particular experiences and technical data are mentioned regarding the United States' experience in this area and the Public Utilities Commissions of various states. The author has gathered various technical information on energy generation and public policies on energy issues while associated with the Public Utility Commission as a staff member and having testified as expert witness in a number of electric energy rate cases in Pennsylvania, North Carolina and West Virginia. This paper surveys the available alternate energy technologies to meet the energe needs at the village level, with particular reference to their application in Pakistan. This paper concludes after analysing the various energy choices as to the resources, policies and energy education development. The author has proposed small workshops at the high school level for students and teachers, based on the same concepts developed by the Department of Energy. Development of advanced research and cooperation in ''renewable energy resources'' through A.I.D. programs is recommended.

  18. Nuclear Naval Propulsion: A Feasible Proliferation Pathway?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swift, Alicia L.

    2014-01-31

    There is no better time than now to close the loophole in Article IV of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) that excludes military uses of fissile material from nuclear safeguards. Several countries have declared their intention to pursue and develop naval reactor technology, including Argentina, Brazil, Iran, and Pakistan, while other countries such as China, India, Russia, and the United States are expanding their capabilities. With only a minority of countries using low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel in their naval reactors, it is possible that a state could produce highly enriched uranium (HEU) under the guise of a nuclear navy while actually stockpiling the material for a nuclear weapon program. This paper examines the likelihood that non-nuclear weapon states exploit the loophole to break out from the NPT and also the regional ramifications of deterrence and regional stability of expanding naval forces. Possible solutions to close the loophole are discussed, including expanding the scope of the Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty, employing LEU fuel instead of HEU fuel in naval reactors, amending the NPT, creating an export control regime for naval nuclear reactors, and forming individual naval reactor safeguards agreements.

  19. Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-12-01

    Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

  20. Sentence based semantic similarity measure for blog-posts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aziz, Mehwish

    2012-01-01

    Blogs-Online digital diary like application on web 2.0 has opened new and easy way to voice opinion, thoughts, and like-dislike of every Internet user to the World. Blogosphere has no doubt the largest user-generated content repository full of knowledge. The potential of this knowledge is still to be explored. Knowledge discovery from this new genre is quite difficult and challenging as it is totally different from other popular genre of web-applications like World Wide Web (WWW). Blog-posts unlike web documents are small in size, thus lack in context and contain relaxed grammatical structures. Hence, standard text similarity measure fails to provide good results. In this paper, specialized requirements for comparing a pair of blog-posts is thoroughly investigated. Based on this we proposed a novel algorithm for sentence oriented semantic similarity measure of a pair of blog-posts. We applied this algorithm on a subset of political blogosphere of Pakistan, to cluster the blogs on different issues of political...

  1. Southern Asia future plans feature long-distance lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01

    This paper reports that although pipe line mileage working, planned and under study has dipped slightly from 47,346 km (29,420 mi) to 44,853 km (27,871 mi), Southern Asia continues to hold a strong position for future projects with some of the most interesting programs in the international market. Two dramatic, long-distance natural gas transmission, gathering and lateral networks continue to hold the future pipe line construction spotlight in Southern Asia. The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) continues to study a 7,830 km (4,865 mi) gas transmission system. With an estimated cost of $10 billion, the system includes some 6,276 km (3,900 mi) of transmission lines, with 1,094 km (680 mi) offshore. Group members include Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The second project, the Trans-Asian Pipeline System, involves 3,380 km (2,100 mi) of transmission lines from the Iran's Bandar Abbas gas field across Pakistan to a terminal at Calcutta, India.

  2. Siachen Science Center: A concept for cooperation at the top of the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biringer, K.L.

    1998-03-01

    India and Pakistan have engaged in a long-running military dispute in the Siachen Glacier region of the northern Kashmir since 1984. In recent years, several unsuccessful attempts have been made to end the conflict. Despite continuing hostilities, there remains a strong interest in resolving the dispute and eliminating the human and financial costs associated with maintaining troops on the highest battlefield in the world. One resolution to the problem could be the establishment of a scientific research center in the region. The military forces in the region would be replaced with scientists and engineers from both countries who would advance knowledge in science and engineering by operating a high-altitude research station for the study of basic sciences, engineering, and human physiology. The high altitude, remote location, and unique geology would provide an unprecedented opportunity for ground-breaking research. The paper discusses options for such research and precedents, such as the Antarctic Treaty, for research in other hostile environments. 7 figs.

  3. North Korea: The next nuclear nightmare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.; Smith, J.R.

    1991-03-01

    The crisis in the Persian Gulf has reawakened concerns over the spread of nuclear arms. Even before its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq's history of aggression and support for international terrorism triggered fears in Washington that its acquisition of nuclear weapons might damage international stability and US interests far more than the emergence of India, Israel, Pakistan, and South Africa as de facto nuclear powers. Thus, when the Gulf War began on January 16, Iraq's nuclear sites were among the first attacked by allied air strikes. Unfortunately, Iraq has not been the only hostile proliferator looming on the horizon. North Korea, which has been no less dedicated than Iraq to the use of violence to advance its expansionist goals, has also tenaciously pursued a nuclear-weapons capability. Moreover, the North Korean program is considerably closer to bearing fruit than the Iraqi effort. And although North Korea, like Iraq, has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, unlike Iraq it has refused to conclude the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency that the treaty requires.

  4. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM 2.5 and PM 10 mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regionalmore »sources are characterized by pollution transport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the Ångström exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the Ångström exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing. « less

  5. Improvements to Regional Explosion Identification using Attenuation Models of the Lithosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M E; Walter, W R

    2009-03-30

    Regional P/S amplitudes have been recognized as an effective discriminant between earthquakes and explosions. While closely spaced earthquake and explosions generally discriminate easily, the application of this technique to broad regions has been hampered by large variations in the amplitude of regional phases due to the attenuation structure of the crust and upper mantle. Making use of a recent P-wave and S-wave attenuation model of the lithosphere, we have found that correcting the events using our amplitude methodology significantly reduces the scattering in the earthquake population. We demonstrate an application of this technique to station NIL (Nilore, Pakistan) using broad area earthquakes and the 1998 Indian nuclear explosion recorded at the station using the Pn/Lg discriminant in the 1-2 Hz passband. We find that the explosion, which is lost in the scatter of the earthquakes in the uncorrected discriminant, clearly separates by correcting for the attenuation structure. We see a similar reduction in scatter and separation for the Pn/Sn and Pg/Lg discriminants in the same passband.

  6. Comparative analyses for selected clean coal technologies in the international marketplace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1990-07-01

    Clean coal technologies (CCTs) are being demonstrated in research and development programs under public and private sponsorship. Many of these technologies could be marketed internationally. To explore the scope of these international opportunities and to match particular technologies with markets appearing to have high potential, a study was undertaken that focused on seven representative countries: Italy, Japan, Morocco, Turkey, Pakistan, the Peoples' Republic of China, and Poland. The results suggest that there are international markets for CCTs and that these technologies can be cost competitive with more conventional alternatives. The identified markets include construction of new plants and refurbishment of existing ones, especially when decision makers want to decrease dependence on imported oil. This report describes potential international market niches for U.S. CCTs and discusses the status and implications of ongoing CCT demonstration activities. Twelve technologies were selected as representative of technologies under development for use in new or refurbished industrial or electric utility applications. Included are the following: Two generic precombustion technologies: two-stage froth-flotation coal beneficiation and coal-water mixtures (CWMs); Four combustion technologies: slagging combustors, integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) systems, atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors (AFBCs), and pressurized fluidized-bed combustors (PFBCs); and Six postcombustion technologies: limestone-injection multistage burner (LIMB) systems, gas-reburning sorbent-injection (GRSI) systems, dual-alkali flue-gas desulfurization (FGD), spray-dryer FGD, the NOXSO process, and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. Major chapters of this report have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  7. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

  8. New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01

    The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

  9. Directory of financing sources for foreign energy projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Ferla, L.

    1995-09-01

    The Office of National Security Policy has produced this Directory of Financing Sources for Foreign Energy Projects. The Directory reviews programs that offer financing from US government agencies, multilateral organizations, public, private, and quasi-private investment funds, and local commercial and state development banks. The main US government agencies covered are the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the Export-Import Bank of the US (EXIM Bank), Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, and the US Trade and Development Agency (TDA). Other US Government Sources includes market funds that have been in part capitalized using US government agency funds. Multilateral organizations include the World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and various organizations of the United Nations. The Directory lists available public, private, and quasi-private sources of financing in key emerging markets in the Newly Independent States and other developing countries of strategic interest to the US Department of Energy. The sources of financing listed in this directory should be considered indicative rather than inclusive of all potential sources of financing. Initial focus is on the Russian Federation, Ukraine, india, China, and Pakistan. Separate self-contained sections have been developed for each of the countries to enable the user to readily access market-specific information and to support country-specific Departmental initiatives. For each country, the directory is organized to follow the project life cycle--from prefeasibility, feasibility, project finance, cofinancing, and trade finance, through to technical assistance and training. Programs on investment and export insurance are excluded.

  10. Illicit Trafficking of Natural Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Steinhaeusler; Lyudmila, Zaitseva

    2008-08-07

    Natural radionuclides have been subject to trafficking worldwide, involving natural uranium ore (U 238), processed uranium (yellow cake), low enriched uranium (<20% U 235) or highly enriched uranium (>20% U 235), radium (Ra 226), polonium (Po 210), and natural thorium ore (Th 232). An important prerequisite to successful illicit trafficking activities is access to a suitable logistical infrastructure enabling an undercover shipment of radioactive materials and, in case of trafficking natural uranium or thorium ore, capable of transporting large volumes of material. Covert en route diversion of an authorised uranium transport, together with covert diversion of uranium concentrate from an operating or closed uranium mines or mills, are subject of case studies. Such cases, involving Israel, Iran, Pakistan and Libya, have been analyzed in terms of international actors involved and methods deployed. Using international incident data contained in the Database on Nuclear Smuggling, Theft and Orphan Radiation Sources (DSTO) and international experience gained from the fight against drug trafficking, a generic Trafficking Pathway Model (TPM) is developed for trafficking of natural radionuclides. The TPM covers the complete trafficking cycle, ranging from material diversion, covert material transport, material concealment, and all associated operational procedures. The model subdivides the trafficking cycle into five phases: (1) Material diversion by insider(s) or initiation by outsider(s); (2) Covert transport; (3) Material brokerage; (4) Material sale; (5) Material delivery. An Action Plan is recommended, addressing the strengthening of the national infrastructure for material protection and accounting, development of higher standards of good governance, and needs for improving the control system deployed by customs, border guards and security forces.

  11. South Asia transboundary water quality monitoring workshop summary report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betsill, Jeffrey David; Littlefield, Adriane C.; Luetters, Frederick O.; Rajen, Gaurav

    2003-04-01

    The Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in several regions as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group made up of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and the United States convened in Kathmandu, Nepal, from February 17-23,2002. The workshop was held to further develop the South Asia Transboundary Water Quality Monitoring (SATWQM) project. The project is sponsored in part by the CMC located at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico through funding provided by the US. Department of State, Regional Environmental Affairs Office, American Embassy, Kathmandu, Nepal, and the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. This report summarizes the SATWQM project, the workshop objectives, process and results. The long-term interests of the participants are to develop systems for sharing regional environmental information as a means of building confidence and improving relations among South Asian countries. The more immediate interests of the group are focused on activities that foster regional sharing of water quality data in the Ganges and Indus River basins. Issues of concern to the SATWQM network participants include studying the impacts from untreated sewage and industrial effluents, agricultural run-off, salinity increases in fresh waters, the siltation and shifting of river channels, and the environmental degradation of critical habitats such as wetlands, protected forests, and endangered aquatic species conservation areas. The workshop focused on five objectives: (1) a deepened understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of additional regional and national government and non-government organizations in South Asia involved in river water quality monitoring; (3) identification of sites within the region at which water quality data are to be collected; (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process; and, (5) training of partners in the use of water quality monitoring equipment.

  12. Nuclear Emergency and the Atmospheric Dispersion of Nuclear Aerosols: Discussion of the Shared Nuclear Future - 13163

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rana, Mukhtar A. [Science-Admin Coherence Cell (SACC), PINSTECH Admin Blk, PAEC, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Science-Admin Coherence Cell (SACC), PINSTECH Admin Blk, PAEC, Islamabad (Pakistan); Ali, Nawab [Physics Division, Directorate of Science, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Physics Division, Directorate of Science, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Akhter, Parveen [Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad (Pakistan); Khan, E.U. [Department of Physics, International Islamic University (IIU), Kettle Fields, Kashmir Highways, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Department of Physics, International Islamic University (IIU), Kettle Fields, Kashmir Highways, Islamabad (Pakistan); Mathieson, John [International Relations, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), Building 587, Curie Avenue, Harwell, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0RH (United Kingdom)] [International Relations, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), Building 587, Curie Avenue, Harwell, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0RH (United Kingdom)

    2013-07-01

    This paper has a twofold objective. One is to analyze the current status of high-level nuclear waste disposal along with presentation of practical perspectives about the environmental issues involved. Present disposal designs and concepts are analyzed on a scientific basis and modifications to existing designs are proposed from the perspective of environmental safety. Other is to understand the aerosol formation in the atmosphere for the case of the leakage from the nuclear waste containers or a nuclear accident. Radio-nuclides released from the waste will attach themselves to the existing aerosols in the atmosphere along with formation of new aerosols. Anticipating the nuclear accident when a variety of radioactive aerosols will form and exist in the atmosphere, as a simple example, measurement of naturally existing radioactive aerosols are made in the atmosphere of Islamabad and Murree. A comparison with similar measurements in 3 cities of France is provided. Measurement of radionuclides in the atmosphere, their attachment to aerosols and follow up transport mechanisms are key issues in the nuclear safety. It is studied here how {sup 7}Be concentration in the atmospheric air varies in the capital city of Islamabad and a Himalaya foothill city of Murree (Pakistan). Present results are compared with recent related published results to produce a {sup 7}Be concentration versus altitude plot up to an altitude of 4000 m (a.s.l.). Origin and variance of {sup 7}Be concentration at different altitudes is discussed in detail. The relevance of results presented here with the evaluation of implications of Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear disasters has been discussed in a conclusive manner. It is the first international report of a joint collaboration/project. The project is being generalized to investigate and formulate a smooth waste storage and disposal policy. The project will address the fission and fusion waste reduction, its storage, its recycling, air, water and soil quality monitoring, and the final disposal with the major foci of dealing with related chemical, biogical, physical, geophysical, engineering, management and administration aspects. (authors)

  13. War, peace, and international politics. Fourth edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziegler, D.W. )

    1987-01-01

    We must conclude that war remains a major problem in the last quarter of the twentieth century. My intention in this book is to introduce you to international relations by focusing on this problem. War is not the only problem of international relations, and so this book does not exhaust the field. But war is a central problem, and the possibility of resort to war affects other aspects of international relations. Whatever else we may look at, we cannot avoid looking at war. In fact, in looking at war, we will touch on most of the other subjects important in international relations. War is conflict among states carried on by their armed forces. To distinguish war from border skirmishes and other minor incidents we usually say it must reach a certain magnitude (for example, at least 1,000 soldiers killed in battle over a year). It would be ideal if we could systematically study all the wars in the last hundred years, but such an exhaustive study would be out of place here. At the same time we cannot discuss such subjects as the cause of war or proposals for preventing it without some knowledge about actual wars. We must test theories against historical facts. What follows in Part I is a somewhat detailed history of seven wars (or groups of wars) fought in the last hundred years. These include the most destructive of the wars World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), and the Korean War (1950-1953). By way of background to World War I, we will look at the wars of German unification (1864-1871), which preceded and in some ways prepared the way for it. To balance our account, we will also look at several recent wars India and Pakistan (1971), Uganda and Tanzania (1978-1979), and Cambodia, Vietnam, and China (1978-1980). After looking at some of the major wars of the last hundred years, we will look at what people have the about the causes of war in general.

  14. Improving Earthquake-Explosion Discrimination using Attenuation Models of the Crust and Upper Mantle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M E; Walter, W R; Matzel, E M; Rodgers, A J; Ford, S R; Gok, R; Sweeney, J J

    2009-07-06

    In the past year, we have made significant progress on developing and calibrating methodologies to improve earthquake-explosion discrimination using high-frequency regional P/S amplitude ratios. Closely-spaced earthquakes and explosions generally discriminate easily using this method, as demonstrated by recordings of explosions from test sites around the world. In relatively simple geophysical regions such as the continental parts of the Yellow Sea and Korean Peninsula (YSKP) we have successfully used a 1-D Magnitude and Distance Amplitude Correction methodology (1-D MDAC) to extend the regional P/S technique over large areas. However in tectonically complex regions such as the Middle East, or the mixed oceanic-continental paths for the YSKP the lateral variations in amplitudes are not well predicted by 1-D corrections and 1-D MDAC P/S discrimination over broad areas can perform poorly. We have developed a new technique to map 2-D attenuation structure in the crust and upper mantle. We retain the MDAC source model and geometrical spreading formulation and use the amplitudes of the four primary regional phases (Pn, Pg, Sn, Lg), to develop a simultaneous multi-phase approach to determine the P-wave and S-wave attenuation of the lithosphere. The methodology allows solving for attenuation structure in different depth layers. Here we show results for the P and S-wave attenuation in crust and upper mantle layers. When applied to the Middle East, we find variations in the attenuation quality factor Q that are consistent with the complex tectonics of the region. For example, provinces along the tectonically-active Tethys collision zone (e.g. Turkish Plateau, Zagros) have high attenuation in both the crust and upper mantle, while the stable outlying regions like the Indian Shield generally have low attenuation. In the Arabian Shield, however, we find that the low attenuation in this Precambrian crust is underlain by a high-attenuation upper mantle similar to the nearby Red Sea Rift. Applying this 2-D MDAC methodology with the new attenuation models can significantly improve earthquake-explosion discrimination using regional P/S amplitude ratios. We demonstrate applications of this technique, including a study at station NIL (Nilore, Pakistan) using broad area earthquakes and the 1998 Indian nuclear explosion using a number of regional amplitude ratio discriminants. We are currently applying the technique in the YSKP region as well.

  15. REGIONAL SEISMIC AMPLITUDE MODELING AND TOMOGRAPHY FOR EARTHQUAKE-EXPLOSION DISCRIMINATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter, W R; Pasyanos, M E; Matzel, E; Gok, R; Sweeney, J; Ford, S R; Rodgers, A J

    2008-07-08

    We continue exploring methodologies to improve earthquake-explosion discrimination using regional amplitude ratios such as P/S in a variety of frequency bands. Empirically we demonstrate that such ratios separate explosions from earthquakes using closely located pairs of earthquakes and explosions recorded on common, publicly available stations at test sites around the world (e.g. Nevada, Novaya Zemlya, Semipalatinsk, Lop Nor, India, Pakistan, and North Korea). We are also examining if there is any relationship between the observed P/S and the point source variability revealed by longer period full waveform modeling (e. g. Ford et al 2008). For example, regional waveform modeling shows strong tectonic release from the May 1998 India test, in contrast with very little tectonic release in the October 2006 North Korea test, but the P/S discrimination behavior appears similar in both events using the limited regional data available. While regional amplitude ratios such as P/S can separate events in close proximity, it is also empirically well known that path effects can greatly distort observed amplitudes and make earthquakes appear very explosion-like. Previously we have shown that the MDAC (Magnitude Distance Amplitude Correction, Walter and Taylor, 2001) technique can account for simple 1-D attenuation and geometrical spreading corrections, as well as magnitude and site effects. However in some regions 1-D path corrections are a poor approximation and we need to develop 2-D path corrections. Here we demonstrate a new 2-D attenuation tomography technique using the MDAC earthquake source model applied to a set of events and stations in both the Middle East and the Yellow Sea Korean Peninsula regions. We believe this new 2-D MDAC tomography has the potential to greatly improve earthquake-explosion discrimination, particularly in tectonically complex regions such as the Middle East. Monitoring the world for potential nuclear explosions requires characterizing seismic events and discriminating between natural and man-made seismic events, such as earthquakes and mining activities, and nuclear weapons testing. We continue developing, testing, and refining size-, distance-, and location-based regional seismic amplitude corrections to facilitate the comparison of all events that are recorded at a particular seismic station. These corrections, calibrated for each station, reduce amplitude measurement scatter and improve discrimination performance. We test the methods on well-known (ground truth) datasets in the U.S. and then apply them to the uncalibrated stations in Eurasia, Africa, and other regions of interest to improve underground nuclear test monitoring capability.

  16. Remote Sensing and Sea-Truth Measurements of Methane Flux to the Atmosphere (HYFLUX project)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian MacDonald

    2011-05-31

    A multi-disciplinary investigation of distribution and magnitude of methane fluxes from seafloor gas hydrate deposits in the Gulf of Mexico was conducted based on results obtained from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing and from sampling conducted during a research expedition to three sites where gas hydrate occurs (MC118, GC600, and GC185). Samples of sediments, water, and air were collected from the ship and from an ROV submersible using sediments cores, niskin bottles attached to the ROV and to a rosette, and an automated sea-air interface collector. The SAR images were used to quantify the magnitude and distribution of natural oil and gas seeps that produced perennial oil slicks on the ocean surface. A total of 176 SAR images were processed using a texture classifying neural network algorithm, which segmented the ocean surface into oil-free and oil-covered water. Geostatistical analysis indicates that there are a total of 1081 seep formations distributed over the entire Gulf of Mexico basin. Oil-covered water comprised an average of 780.0 sq. km (sd 86.03) distributed with an area of 147,370 sq. km. Persistent oil and gas seeps were also detected with SAR sampling on other ocean margins located in the Black Sea, western coast of Africa, and offshore Pakistan. Analysis of sediment cores from all three sites show profiles of sulfate, sulfide, calcium and alkalinity that indicated anaerobic oxidation of methane with precipitation of authigenic carbonates. Difference among the three sampling sites may reflect the relative magnitude of methane flux. Methane concentrations in water column samples collected by ROV and rosette deployments from MC118 ranged from {approx}33,000 nM at the seafloor to {approx}12 nM in the mixed layer with isolated peaks up to {approx}13,670 nM coincident with the top of the gas hydrate stability field. Average plume methane, ethane, and propane concentrations in the mixed layer are 7, 630, and 9,540 times saturation, respectively. Based on the contemporaneous wind speeds at this site, contemporary estimates of the diffusive fluxes from the mixed layer to the atmosphere for methane, ethane, and propane are 26.5, 2.10, and 2.78 {micro}mol/m{sup 2}d, respectively. Continuous measurements of air and sea surface concentrations of methane were made to obtain high spatial and temporal resolution of the diffusive net sea-to-air fluxes. The atmospheric methane fluctuated between 1.70 ppm and 2.40 ppm during the entire cruise except for high concentrations (up to 4.01 ppm) sampled during the end of the occupation of GC600 and the transit between GC600 and GC185. Results from interpolations within the survey areas show the daily methane fluxes to the atmosphere at the three sites range from 0.744 to 300 mol d-1. Considering that the majority of seeps in the GOM are deep (>500 m), elevated CH{sub 4} concentrations in near-surface waters resulting from bubble-mediated CH4 transport in the water column are expected to be widespread in the Gulf of Mexico.

  17. Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec