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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestinian Territories Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion...

2

Environment and Development http://journals.cambridge.org/EDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mauritius, Montser- rat, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Puerto

3

The 1996 U.S. Purse Seine Fishery for Tropical Tunas in the Central-Western Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tonga

4

THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF TOURISM IN SPTO MEMBER COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

......................................................................................................................... 4 2. Methodology Caledonia, Kiribati, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. The economic

5

NPP Tropical Forest: Marafunga, Papua New Guinea  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Marafunga, Papua New Guinea, 1970-1971 Marafunga, Papua New Guinea, 1970-1971 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Profile of tropical forest at Marafunga (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site) Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Edwards, P. J., and P. J. Grubb. 1999. NPP Tropical Forest: Marafunga, Papua New Guinea, 1970-1971. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Biomass and nutrient content of different vegetation components and soil for a lower montane secondary rain forest were determined in 1970-71 at Marafunga in the highlands of Papua New Guinea. The only component of net primary production (NPP) determined at Marafunga was litterfall, although

6

4.3. Insects ofPapua SCOTT E. MILLER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.3. Insects ofPapua SCOTT E. MILLER INSECTS AND OTHER terrestrial invertebrates are tremendously. J., and Beehler, B. M. (eds.)- 2006. The Ecology ofPapua. Singapore: Periplus Editions. 515 .16157$ CH36 02-08-07 10:39:31 PS #12;516 /SCOTT E. MILLER seum, Honolulu (BPBM); Museum Zoologense

Mathis, Wayne N.

7

pakistan | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pakistan pakistan Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This web site contains high-resolution wind and solar resource maps and data for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). Source NREL Date Released December 26th, 2007 (6 years ago) Date Updated December 26th, 2007 (6 years ago) Keywords NREL pakistan solar SUNY SWERA USAID wind Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2007 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

8

Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-6,"lon":147,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

9

SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE MODELING. This sediment flows from the Ok Tedi to the Fly River, eventually reaching the Gulf of Papua. This document River. The second author of this report has been served as the sediment transport consultant for Ok Tedi

Parker, Gary

10

Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities Location of project Papua New Guinea Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Cooling, Information and communications, Earning a living Year initiated 2012 Organization Asian Development Bank Website http://www.adb.org/news/briefs Coordinates -6.314993°, 143.95555° References Asian Development Bank[1] In Papua New Guinea, approximately 10% of the population has access to

11

Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Agency/Company /Organization ICF International, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Partner USFS, EPA, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.LowEmissionsAsia.or Country Papua New Guinea Melanesia References USAID LEAD Program[1] The Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) program is a regional US Agency for International Development (USAID) activity that supports developing countries in Asia to achieve long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing the

12

Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Papua New Guinea-Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Agency/Company /Organization ClimateWorks, Project Catalyst, McKinsey and Company Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Country Papua New Guinea Melanesia References LCGP support[1] Low Carbon Growth Plans Advancing Good Practice, August 2009[2] Overview "Achieving development goals depends on enabling poorer countries to accelerate or maintain robust economic growth despite the disproportionate impacts of climate change which they face. The central challenge is to enable all countries to strengthen delivery of their own development

13

NOAAlNMFS Developments U.S. and South Pacific Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Is lands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu Marianas .. Philippines G\\ '; . uam . ~.~ ..·F·il·~;~~~';;::;:;' ....c;:. ;M'''h'''','''''' . : . Palau

14

U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Pakistan Joint Press Statement - Pakistan Joint Press Statement U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement March 13, 2006 - 11:50am Addthis ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN - As agreed during President Bush's visit to Pakistan on 3-4 March 2006, U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman visited Islamabad today to discuss a wide range of issues related to Pakistan's growing energy needs. Secretary Bodman's visit symbolizes the strengthened and expanded relationship between the United States and Pakistan over the last five years. Closer U.S.-Pakistan ties and cooperation have helped to bolster Pakistan's economy, which registered the second fastest growth in Asia last year. To continue this solid economic growth, Pakistan must have sufficient energy through a broad range of energy sources to ensure its energy security.

15

Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Papau New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Biomass, Forestry Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type Training materials Website http://www.snvworld.org/en/sec Country Papua New Guinea Melanesia References LEAF[1] "Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF), supported by USAID/RDMA, aims to strengthen the capacity of target countries to achieve meaningful and sustained reductions in GHG emissions from the forestry-land use sector while assisting them in benefitting from the emerging international REDD+

16

Solar energy potential in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In view of the growing needs of energy in Pakistan the efficient use and development of renewable energy sources has become a major issue in the country. This has brought the intention of several national and multinational companies to design and implement a major work plan for energy conservation and construction of renewable energy sources like wind mills and solar panels. Fortunately Pakistan is among those countries in which sun warms the surface throughout the year and therefore has a strong potential for solar power generation. This study was conducted to explore those areas which are most suitable for solar energy potential using fifty eight meteorological stations covering the whole country. Angstrom equation and Hargreaves formula was used to calculate monthly solar energy potential by utilizing monthly climatical data of bright sunshine hours mean maximum and minimum temperatures. The lowest solar radiation intensity 76.49?W/m2 observed at Cherat during December and highest 339.25?W/m2 at Gilgit. The average monthly solar radiation intensity remains 136.05 to 287.36?W/m2 in the country. The results indicate that the values of solar radiation intensity greater than 200?W/m2 were observed in the months: February to October in Sindh March to October in almost all regions of Balochistan April to September in NWFP Northern Areas and Kashmir regions while March to October in Punjab. For 10?h a day average solar radiation intensity ranges from 1500?W/m2/day to 2750?W/m2/day in Pakistan especially in southern Punjab Sindh and Balochistan regions throughout the year. In an area of 100 m2 45?MW to 83?MW power per month may be generated in the above mentioned regions.

Shahzada Adnan; Azmat Hayat Khan; Sajjad Haider; Rashed Mahmood

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

3. (2) ---(TOEFL ITP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico

18

Solar Swimming Pool Heating in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hotels and swimming clubs in Pakistan pay huge gas bills for heating Swimming pools in winter. Winter days in most parts ... solar collectors may be used to extend the swimming season. Installing the pool in a wi...

Irshad Ahmad; Nasim A Khan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

20

Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intelligence Agency (US CIA). (2012). Th e world factbook:Indonesia, and Brazil (US CIA 2012). Initially consisting of

Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Papau New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Papau New Guinea UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa

22

Export.gov - Index_Page_Welcome_to_Pakistan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pakistani Importers Pakistani Importers Register | Manage Account Search Our Site Click to Search Our Site Export.gov Home Opportunities By Industry By Country Market Research Trade Events Trade Leads Free Trade Agreements Solutions International Sales & Marketing International Financing International Logistics Licenses & Regulations Trade Data & Analysis Trade Problems Locations Domestic Offices International Offices FAQ Blog Connect Home > Pakistan Local Time: Print | E-mail Page Pakistan Pakistan Home Doing Business in Pakistan Market Research on Pakistan Services for Pakistani Companies Services for U.S. Companies Trade Events Useful Links Contact Us Our Worldwide Network About Us Press Room Other Worldwide Markets Welcome to the U.S. Commercial Service Pakistan kistan_banner The U.S. Commercial Service in Pakistan is responsible for U.S. export

23

Pakistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan: Energy Resources Pakistan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30,"lon":70,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

24

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics...

25

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

26

Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting March 13, 2006 - 11:48am Addthis Discuss Pakistan's energy opportunities; Follows United States-Pakistan Strategic Partnership launched by President Bush earlier this month WASHINGTON, DC - Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today visited Pakistan, the first stop in his four-nation swing where he will discuss ways that the U.S. and Pakistan can increase cooperation on energy-related issues. The Secretary's visit follows President Bush's pledge earlier this month to hold a high-level meeting between U.S. and Pakistani officials to collaborate on solutions to Pakistan's energy sources. "The U.S. and Pakistan are strong allies and America supports the people of

27

DOE Olk Office of Inspections -- Pakistan DRAi,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Olk Office of Inspections -- Pakistan DRAi, DOE Olk Office of Inspections -- Pakistan DRAi, 6/12/96 7:53 AM ... ..... ........ ..... f M ain T ri........... . Trip Per Name Aff Phase Offici Bus ______Company/ Trip # # Last, First Code Pre Main Advan Deleg Deleg Other Travel Dates Org Code Function 8 4f l..__.__ C-1 _ Y _ ______BC _09/19-25/94 Lawrence Berkeley Lab. 7Bus Deleg 8 _1 __ F-1i BC __ __ 09/11-25/94 HR-77 4Substance 8 2 F-f- Y 08/17-27/94 PO-72 4Substance 8 2 F-1 - Y _BC 09/19-25/94 PO-72 4Substance 8 231 F-1. 8 = B 0911-28/94 HR-432.3 2Commo 8 4 F-2 t Y BC 09/19-25194 S-1 4Substance 8 166 F-1' i Y - BC 09/19-25/94 TSD/PCS I Security 8 13 F-1 ' C ~ 09/10.25/94 HR-853 3Admin 8 18 F-1 I A _A 09/13-23/94 TSD/SCS 1 Security 8 19 F-i1 BC 09/11-26/94 FE-30 4Substance 8 21 __F-1 ." B 09/13-22/94 HR-851 3Admin

28

Daughters of Eve : violence against women in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to conduct extensive research on domestic violence against women in Pakistan and to present the results in a comprehensive document. Some of the issues investigated through fieldwork and covered ...

Noor, Muhammad Jehanzeb, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Boron Deficiency in Cotton Grown on Calcareous Soils of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Pakistan is grown in irrigated cotton-wheat system on ~3 Mha alkaline-calcareous, alluvial soils. Despite enhanced use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilisers, however, cotton pro...

E. Rafique; A. Rashid; A. U. Bhatti; G. Rasool

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Solar-hydrogen energy system for Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A solar-hydrogen energy system has been proposed for Pakistan as the best replacement for the present fossil fuel based energy system. It has been suggested to produce hydrogen via photovoltaic-electrolysis, utilizing the available non-agricultural sunny terrain in Baluchistan region. There will be a desalination plant for sea water desalination. The area under the photovoltaic panels with the availability of water would provide suitable environment for growing some cash crops. This would change the cast useless desert land into green productive farms. In order to show the quantitative benefits of the proposed system, future trends of important energy and economical parameters have been studied with and without hydrogen introduction. The following parameters have been included: population, energy demand (fossil + hydrogen), energy production (fossil + hydrogen), gross national product, fossil energy imports, world energy prices, air pollution, quality of life, environmental savings due to hydrogen introduction, savings due to the higher utilization efficiency of hydrogen, by-product credit, agricultural income, income from hydrogen sale, photovoltaic cell area, total land area, water desalination plant capacity, capital investment, operating and maintenance cost, and total income from the system. The results indicate that adopting the solar-hydrogen energy system would eliminate the import dependency of fossil fuels, increase gross product per capita, reduce pollution, improve quality of life and establish a permanent and clean energy system. The total annual expenditure on the proposed system is less than the total income from the proposed system. The availability of water, the cash crop production, electricity and hydrogen would result in rapid development of Baluchistan, the largest province of Pakistan.

Lutfi, N.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Mapping vulnerability to climate change and its repercussions on human health in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The classification of Agro Ecological Zones is based upon an Asian Development Bank study on agricultural growth and rural poverty in Pakistan [5] that divides Pakistan into nine agro-ecological zones. The corres...

Sadia Mariam Malik; Haroon Awan; Niazullah Khan

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

To cite this article: Borsa P., Nugroho D.A. 2010. Spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris) and other cetaceans in Raja Ampat waters, West Papua. Marine Biodiversity Records 3, e49  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and other cetaceans in Raja Ampat waters, West Papua. Marine Biodiversity Records 3, e49 Spinner dolphin,version1-5Jul2011 Author manuscript, published in "marine biodiversity Records 3 (2010) e49" #12;stranding-Malay-Papua archipelago lies within the "Coral Triangle", a biogeographic region where the marine life is highly diverse

Boyer, Edmond

33

Status of biodiesel research and development in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance of biodiesel in engines is well established and biodiesel is currently adjudged as a low carbon fuel with the most potential of replacing fossil fuels. The fossil fuel sources are dwindling in Pakistan resulting in importation of about 8.1 million tonnes at approximately US$ 9.4 billion per annum. In the ambit of this justification, augmenting the energy scarce resources in Pakistan through intense harnessing of the varied biodiesel sources can adequately address the deficiency and can ensure energy security. Towards this end, the progress attained in biodiesel related researches in Pakistan are evaluated and presented with the view of highlighting ways of achieving the target set by the Government. A feedstock that drew less attention is spent triglycerides, and the little work reported by some organizations appeared promising. Now the onus is upon organizations such as the Alternative Energy Development Board and Pakistan State Oil to harness the research results from several indigenous Universities and develop a full-scale biodiesel economy in Pakistan.

Mohammed Harun Chakrabarti; Mehmood Ali; Jafar Nazir Usmani; Nasim Ahmed Khan; Diya'uddeen Basheer Hasan; Md. Sakinul Islam; Abdul Aziz Abdul Raman; Rozita Yusoff; Muhammad Faisal Irfan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan Mobile pastoralism According' average prolificacy and mortality rates (89% and 30% respec- tively), the landless mobile pastoral- ists do not own land, so mobile pastoralism is central to their livelihoods. They move their animals

Richner, Heinz

35

Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Kerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

37

Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Name Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Partner German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Ministry of Water and Power, Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) Sector Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2005 Program End 2011 Country Pakistan Southern Asia References GTZ projects [1] GTZ is working with Pakistan on improvement of energy service supply to households and enterprises through RE use and EE.

38

Reputation von Franchising-Systemen anhand von McDonald's in der Ukraine und Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Diese Diplomarbeit behandelt Franchising allgemein und geht dann auf die Situation in der Ukraine und Pakistan ein, auerdem werden die Eigenschaften und Mglichkeiten der Messbarkeit (more)

Poszvek, Edith

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

PET Recycling Behavior of consumers in Lahore, Pakistan, Available knowledge and general attitudes, Impact on recycling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Abstract Lahore, Pakistan is one of the most populated and hottest regions of the world. Due to long summers beverages consumption is generally high leading (more)

, ;

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Prospects of renewables penetration in the energy mix of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Pakistan is the sixth most populous country of the world comprising 2.56% of the total global population. However, it ranks 37th in the energy consumption, at 0.37% of the world total. The per capita energy availability is only 43W, which is 1/7th of the world average. The greatest reason for such a huge energy deficiency is its heavy dependence on imported oil for power generation. The country is however, rich in renewable energy sources and has vast potential for their exploitation. In this article, a survey of the availability of various renewable energy sources, including hydel, solar, wind and biomass, and their current and future penetration prospects in the total energy mix have been carried out, with some recommendations. It is estimated that Pakistan has the feasible potential of 30GW of installed power capacity from hydel and 50GW of installed capacity from wind by 2030.

Suhail Zaki Farooqui

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Beggarization: Beggary as an Organized Crime in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on these connections inhibited their inclusion in this analysis, although some news evidence exists, such as in the case of Bangalore, where there are increasing reports of a large racket involving the illegal extraction and sale of organs from dead beggars... sources, documentaries, and other online publications due to the lack of existing information on beggary as an organized crime in Pakistan. Research on this topic is still in its early stages, which is complicated by the illegal nature of the topic...

Azam, Nadia

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

42

Terrorism and tourism: A conjunction and ramification in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the impact of terrorism activities on tourism in Pakistan by using the annual time series data from the period of 1980 to 2010. Johansen and Jeuuselius and ARDL bound testing cointegration approach confirms the valid long run relationship between terrorism and tourism. Results indicate the significant negative impact of terrorism on tourism in the long run as well as in the short run. Results of rolling window estimation method indicate that terrorism having negative coefficients throughout the sample period. Results of dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) suggest that the results will remain the same in the future up to lead 2. Results of Granger causality test, Toda and Yamamoto Modified Wald causality test and variance decomposition test confirm the unidirectional causal relationship between terrorism and tourism, causality runs from terrorism to tourism. Hye and Khan (2012) confirm tourism led growth hypothesis for Pakistan. It is suggested that the government should play a significant role to reduce terrorism activities that should be decreased in the country to boost tourism activities that lead to increase in income from tourism in Pakistan.

Syed Ali Raza; Syed Tehseen Jawaid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

Adams, Robert P.

44

Solar and Wind Resource Assessments for Afghanistan and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently completed the production of high-resolution wind and solar energy resource maps and related data products for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The resource data have been incorporated into a geospatial toolkit (GsT), which allows the user to manipulate the resource information along with country-specific geospatial information such as highway networks, power facilities, transmission corridors, protected land areas, etc. The toolkit allows users to then transfer resource data for specific locations into NREL's micropower optimization model known as HOMER.

Renne, D. S.; Kelly, M.; Elliott, D.; George, R.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.; Cowlin, S.; Gilman, P.; Perez, R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Natural and Human Threats to Biodiversity in the Marine Ecosystem of Coastal Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There exist several natural and made-made threats to biodiversity along the coast of Pakistan. Natural stresses include high wave action, high temperatures and salinity, and seasonal spread of oxygen-poor wate...

Muzammil Ahmad

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Stratigraphic boundary problems: Permian and Triassic of West Pakistan. Edited by Bernhard Kummel and Curt Teichert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

suggestions. A. J. Rowell reviewed the chapter "Stratigraphy of Permian and Triassic Rocks." Teichert wishes to thank K. N. Kravchenko and I. A. Voskresensky, former advisers to the Oil and Gas De- velopment Corporation of Pakistan, for many helpful...

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Development of natural gas as a vehicular fuel in Pakistan: Issues and prospects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In a step towards adopting environment friendly fuel and to save foreign exchange, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) was introduced by the Government of Pakistan in the country in 1992. Due to available price differential between CNG and gasoline/diesel and investor friendly policy and regulatory framework, CNG sector has shown tremendous growth over the last ten year in the country. This growing demand of natural gas by CNG sector, results in gas shortages in the country. This paper describes the key steps in the development of CNG as transportation fuel in Pakistan. The present scenario of the CNG industry including the natural gas vehicles (NGVs) population growth and the expansion of CNG refilling stations are discussed. Various aspects of the CNG program in Pakistan, for example environmental benefits, economic benefits and problems associated with CNG industry of Pakistan are illustrated.

Muhammad Imran Khan; Tabassum Yasmin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Assessment of Pesticide Exposure in Female Population Living in Cotton Growing Areas of Punjab, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Present study was conducted in the southern Punjab i.e. Multan and Bahawalpur Divisions, the major cotton growing areas of Pakistan. The field study was limited to a manageable geographical area where female cott...

Seema Tahir; Tahir Anwar

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

RAPD analysis of Fusarium Isolates Causing Mango Malformation Disease in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mango Malformation (MM) disease is a major constraint to mango production. A total of 20 Fusarium isolates from MM-affected mango plants were collected from 14 locations in Pakistan and assessed for genetic diver...

Zafar Iqbal; Mehboob-ur-Rahman

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Genetic diversity in mustard (Brassica juncea L.) germplasm from Pakistan as determined by RAPDs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The genetic diversity and the relationships among a collection of mustard (B. juncea) germplasm, including 41 accessions collected from Pakistan, 6 oilseed cultivars/ lines and 5 Japanese vegetable cultivars, ...

Malik Ashiq Rabbani; Aki Iwabuchi; Yoshie Murakami; Tohru Suzuki

51

Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Bacterial Flora of Integrated Fish Farming Environments of Pakistan and Tanzania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Bacterial Flora of Integrated Fish Farming Environments of Pakistan and Tanzania ... Percentages of single and multiple antimicrobial resistances among the Pakistani and Tanzanian isolates (S, susceptible; A, antimicrobial/s; PK, Pakistan; TNZ, Tanzania). ... Screening of the 14 dfr positive isolates from Pakistan and 12 from Tanzania for the occurrence of the int2 gene yielded int2 among eight Pakistani isolates and two Tanzanian isolates. ...

Syed Q. A. Shah; Duncan J. Colquhoun; Hamisi L. Nikuli; Henning Srum

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

52

Technology transfer effectiveness through international joint ventures (IJVs) to their component suppliers: a study of the automotive industry of Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis investigates the important topic of technology transfer effectiveness from international joint ventures (IJVs) established in the automotive industry of Pakistan to their local (more)

Khan, Sardar Zaheer Ahmad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

First report of field evolved resistance to agrochemicals in dengue mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae), from Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agrochemicals have been widely used in Pakistan for ... study was to investigate the toxicity of representative agrochemicals against various populations of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) collected from three different...

Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan; Waseem Akram; Khurram Shehzad; Essam A Shaalan

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Pakistan Geospatial Toolkit - Data Lite | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Lite Data Lite Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This Geospatial Toolkit contains the lite (with lower resolution data) version of the GsT interfaced to HOMER for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). (Supplemental Information): The GsT allows the user to examine the resource data in a geospatial context along with other key information relevant to renewable energy development, such as transportation networks, transmission corridors, existing power facilities, load centers, terrain conditions, and land use. Working within the GsT, the user can also incorporate location-specific data directly into NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, HOMER, to design least-cost hybrid renewable power systems to meet electric-load requirements at the village level.

55

Pakistan Geospatial Toolkit - Full Data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Full Data Full Data Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This Geospatial Toolkit contains the full (with high resolution data) version of the GsT interfaced to HOMER for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). (Supplemental Information): The GsT allows the user to examine the resource data in a geospatial context along with other key information relevant to renewable energy development, such as transportation networks, transmission corridors, existing power facilities, load centers, terrain conditions, and land use. Working within the GsT, the user can also incorporate location-specific data directly into NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, HOMER, to design least-cost hybrid renewable power systems to meet electric-load requirements at the village level.

56

How political risks and events have influenced Pakistan's stock markets from 1947 to the present  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we analyse Pakistan's political risks and events that have affected the country's stock markets since 1947. We collected data in the form of questionnaires from historians, economists, politicians, government officials, bankers and stock market analysts in Pakistan and make forecasts using Bayesian hierarchical modelling and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques. Findings show that the probability of an event in any year is relatively high with an average arrival rate of 1.5 events per year with no time trend. In addition, forecasts suggest that the level of political risk should be remaining unchanged for the foreseeable future. Finally, we find that Pakistan's political risk carries a risk premium of between 7.5% and 12%.

Omar Masood; Bruno S. Sergi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Short- and long-run relationships between natural gas consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the dynamic relationship between natural gas consumption and economic growth in Pakistan using a multivariate model by including capital and labor as control variables for the period between 1972QI and 2011QIV. The results of the ARDL bound testing indicate the presence of cointegration relationships among the variables. The estimated long-run impact of gas consumption on economic growth is greater than other factor inputs suggesting that energy is a critical driver of production and growth in Pakistan. Furthermore, the results of causality test suggest that natural gas consumption and economic growth are complements. Given that natural gas constitutes to the primary source of energy in Pakistan, the implication of this study is that natural gas conservation policies could harm growth and, therefore, requires the policy makers to improve the energy supply efficiency as well as formulate appropriate policies to attract investment and establish publicprivate partnership initiatives.

Muhammad Shahbaz; Mohamed Arouri; Frdric Teulon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan II. Aphids populations on maize  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,800 m) in the Swat valley, and Bhurban (2,000 m) in the Murree hills, in the north west of Pakistan higher popula- tions in the Kaghan valley (1,800-2,100 m) than in the Murree hills (2,000 m) but is short in the Swat valley were also attacked by Oenopia sauzeti Muls., Scymnus sp., the anthocorid Orius sp

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

Soil radioactivity levels and radiological risk assessment in the highlands of Hunza, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......background radiation is 2.42 mSv, including radon inhalation, cosmic radiations and terrestrial...cosmic radiation, E air is the dose from radon in air and the radionuclides deposited...Bangladesh 34 - 350 - UNSCEAR(4) Kazakhstan 35 60 300 - UNSCEAR(4) Punjab, Pakistan......

Manzoor Ali; Sajid Iqbal; Mohammad Wasim; Mohammad Arif; Farhan Saif

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Petrogenetic implications of the mineral-chemical characteristics of scheelite and associated phases from Miniki Gol (Chitral), NW Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stratabound tungsten mineralization in Chitral, northern Pakistan, lies within the Hindu Kush terrane and is located to the north-west of the Main Karakoram Thrust (MKT) that represents the suture zone bet...

Mohammad Zahid; Mohammad Arif; Charlie J. Moon

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Heavy-Metal Levels in Feathers of Cattle Egret and Their Surrounding Environment: A Case of the Punjab Province, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Pakistan, Punjab Province is highly populated and is known for industrial and agricultural activities. During the last two decades, industrial and agricultural activities have caused serious environmental t...

Kaleem Ullah; Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Both malvaceous and non-malvaceous betasatellites are associated with two wild cotton species grown under field conditions in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The presence and viral load of begomoviruses was investigated in wild species of the genus Gossypium available at CCRI, Multan, Pakistan. This is the worlds largest herbarium of wild species of genus Gossypium.....

Muhammad Tehseen Azhar; Imran Amin; Zahid Iqbal Anjum; Muhammad Arshad

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Trace metals in Ganges soft-shell turtle (Aspideretes gangeticus) from two barrage: Baloki and Rasul, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concentration of nine metals was measured in liver, kidney, heart, muscle, plastron, and carapace of Aspideretes gangeticu...s from Rasul and Baloki barrages, Pakistan. The results indicated that metal concen...

Riffat Naseem Malik; Bushra Ghaffar

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Numerical Simulation of 2010 Pakistan Flood in the Kabul River Basin by Using Lagged Ensemble Rainfall Forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lagged ensemble forecasting of rainfall and rainfallrunoffinundation (RRI) forecasting were applied to the devastating flood in the Kabul River basin, the first strike of the 2010 Pakistan flood. The forecasts were performed using the Global ...

Tomoki Ushiyama; Takahiro Sayama; Yuya Tatebe; Susumu Fujioka; Kazuhiko Fukami

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Socio-economic prospects of solar technology utilization in Abbottabad, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Social evaluation is placed at low levels of the technical architecture, for this reason the findings of this study would be useful. This study evaluates the socio-economic prospects of solar technology utilization (STU) in Abbottabad, Pakistan. The objective of the study is to underline the variables of existing and inclined trends for alternate technology that come into consideration to assess the potential for STU by the consumers. The study finds out the type of need of the consumers have that solar technology could address to enhance the quality of life. On the bases of income, comparative user friendliness and comparative cost analysis, the study suggests the STU is the best market competitive technologies available. The potential for STU exists at 65% as frequency distribution of the survey showed. This study is a contribution to practical knowledge of solar technology to mitigate the energy crisis in Pakistan.

Musarrat Jabeen; Muhammad Umar; Muhammad Zahid; Masood Ur Rehaman; Rubeena Batool; Khalid Zaman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Cognitive radio sensor networks: Smart communication for smart gridsA case study of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A smart grid has recently gained significant attention as it is an important direction of power system advancement. The integration of renewable energy (RE) resources to the power system and the reduction of energy losses need an efficient and low-cost communication infrastructure. Cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSN) can be integrated in a smart grid to meet these challenges. CRSN is a new paradigm of research where the best of wireless sensor networks (WSN) and cognitive radios (CR) is combined. The sensor networks monitor a physical parameter and the measures value is transmitted using the cognitive radio. Thus, CRSN can be used for realizing the sensing and communication part in a smart grid network. In this paper, a smart grid network is proposed using CRSN for implementing it in the remote areas of Pakistan. The service coverage map is taken from the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) website that regulates the spectrum band in Pakistan. This can be used in developing countries to realize a cost effective smart grid for integrating the renewable resources and for reducing energy losses.

Zeeshan Ali Khan; Yasir Faheem

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Confidence building measures at sea:opportunities for India and Pakistan.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sea presents unique possibilities for implementing confidence building measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan that are currently not available along the contentious land borders surrounding Jammu and Kashmir. This is due to the nature of maritime issues, the common military culture of naval forces, and a less contentious history of maritime interaction between the two nations. Maritime issues of mutual concern provide a strong foundation for more far-reaching future CBMs on land, while addressing pressing security, economic, and humanitarian needs at sea in the near-term. Although Indian and Pakistani maritime forces currently have stronger opportunities to cooperate with one another than their counterparts on land, reliable mechanisms to alleviate tension or promote operational coordination remain non-existent. Therefore, possible maritime CBMs, as well as pragmatic mechanisms to initiate and sustain cooperation, require serious examination. This report reflects the unique joint research undertaking of two retired Senior Naval Officers from both India and Pakistan, sponsored by the Cooperative Monitoring Center of the International Security Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Research focuses on technology as a valuable tool to facilitate confidence building between states having a low level of initial trust. Technical CBMs not only increase transparency, but also provide standardized, scientific means of interacting on politically difficult problems. Admirals Vohra and Ansari introduce technology as a mechanism to facilitate consistent forms of cooperation and initiate discussion in the maritime realm. They present technical CBMs capable of being acted upon as well as high-level political recommendations regarding the following issues: (1) Delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Pakistan and its relationship to the Sir Creek dispute; (2) Restoration of full shipping links and the security of ports and cargos; (3) Fishing within disputed areas and resolution of issues relating to arrest and repatriation of fishermen from both sides; and (4) Naval and maritime agency interaction and possibilities for cooperation.

Vohra, Ravi Bhushan Rear Admiral (; ); Ansari, Hasan Masood Rear Admiral (; )

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Coal consumption: An alternate energy resource to fuel economic growth in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study is an attempt to revisit the causal relationship between coal consumption and economic growth in case of Pakistan. The present study covers the period of 19742010. The direction of causality between the variables is investigated by applying the VECM Granger causality approach. Our findings have exposed that there exists bidirectional Granger causality between economic growth and coal consumption. The Cumulative Sum (CUSUM) and Cumulative Sum of Square (CUSUMSQ) diagrams have not found any structural instability over the period of 19742010.

Saqlain Latif Satti; Muhammad Shahid Hassan; Haider Mahmood; Muhammad Shahbaz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

A Life Cycle Analysis on a Bio-DME production system considering the species of biomass feedstock in Japan and Papua New Guinea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the performance and/or CO2 intensities of a Bio-DME (Biomass Di-methyl Ether) production system, considering the differences of biomass feedstock. In the past LCA studies on an energy chain model, there is little knowledge on the differences of biomass feedstock and/or available condition. Thus, in this paper, we selected Papua New Guinea (PNG) which has good potential for supply of an energy crop (a short rotation forestry), and Japan where wood remnants are available, as model areas. Also, we referred to 9 species of biomass feedstock of PNG, and to 8 species in Japan. The system boundary on our LCA consists of (1) the pre-treatment process, (2) the energy conversion process, and (3) the fuel transportation process. Especially, since the pre-treatment process has uncertainties related to the moisture content of biomass feedstock, as well as the distance from the cultivation site to the energy plant, we considered them by the Monte Carlo simulation. Next, we executed the process design of the Bio-DME production system based on the basic experimental results of pyrolysis and char gasification reactions. Due to these experiments, the gas components of pyrolysis and the gasification rate under H2O (steam) and CO2 were obtained. Also, we designed the pressurized fluid-bed gasification process. In a liquefaction process, that is, a synthesis process of DME, the result based on an equilibrium constant was used. In the proposed system, a steam turbine for an auxiliary power was assumed to be equipped, too. The energy efficiencies are 39.056.8 LHV-%, depending upon the biomass species. Consequently, CO2 intensities in the whole system were 16.347.2g-CO2/MJ-DME in the Japan case, and 12.236.7g-CO2/MJ-DME in the PNG one, respectively. Finally, using the results of CO2 intensities and energy efficiencies, we obtained the regression equations as parameters of hydrogen content and heating value of a feedstock. These equations will be extremely significant when we install the BTL (biomass-to-liquid, ex. Bio-DME) energy system in the near future, in order to mitigate CO2 emissions effectively, and to estimate the energys efficiency.

Masashi Higo; Kiyoshi Dowaki

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen minimum zone (7001100 m)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen increased animal activity associated with increasing bottom-water oxygen concentration. We examined faunal community responses to oxygen and organic matter gradients across the lower oxygen minimum zone (OMZ

Levin, Lisa

72

Estimation of radiation doses associated with natural radioactivity in sand samples of the north western areas of Pakistan using Monte Carlo simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides, i.e., 226Ra, 232Th and 40K, were measured in sand samples of north western areas of Pakistan using gamma-spectrometry. The measured ranges of activity...

Khalid Khan; P. Akhter; S. D. Orfi

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A study on the prevalence of a tick-transmitted pathogen, Theileria annulata, and hematological profile of cattle from Southern Punjab (Pakistan)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Theileria annulata...in large ruminants in Southern Punjab (Pakistan). Blood samples were collected from 144 large ruminants, consisting of 105 cat...

S. Shahnawaz; M. Ali; M. A. Aslam; R. Fatima; Z. I. Chaudhry

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Legal and institutional perplexities hampering the implementation of urban development plans in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effective implementation of development plans requires functioning institutions with well defined legal support and good plans. This article explains how legal and regulatory frameworks as well as the institutional capacities of local planning agencies (LPAs), including Cantonment Boards (CBs), City District Governments (CDGs), Town Municipal Administration (TMAs) and Development Authorities (DA), in Pakistan confound and affect the implementation of development plans. A comparative review of existing Acts, Ordinances and urban planning frameworks in place at various levels was conducted, and inconsistencies and gaps that impart perplexities amongst the aforementioned institutions and regulatory frameworks were identified. The overlapping powers and functions of the institutions which have legal backing must be eliminated to ensure effective implementation of urban development plans.

Niaz Ahmad; Ghulam Abbas Anjum

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Competitiveness of Wind Power with the Conventional Thermal Power Plants Using Oil and Natural Gas as Fuel in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fossil fuels mainly imported oil and natural gas are major sources of electricity generation in Pakistan. The combustion of fossil fuels in thermal power plants has greater environmental impacts like air pollution and global warming. Additionally, the import of oil is a heavy burden on the poor economy of the country. Pakistan is a country with huge renewable sources; wind energy being the major one. This paper elucidate the cost-competitiveness of wind power with the conventional thermal power plants. In this regard, Levelized estimated cost of a 15MW wind power plant is compared with three types of conventional thermal power plants, namely (i) Oil-fired thermal power plant (ii) Natural gas-fire combine cycle power plant (iii) Diesel oil- fired gas turbine cycle 100MW each. The results show that the cost of wind energy is lowest with Rs. 3/kWh. It is concluded that the wind power is cost-competitive to the conventional thermal power plants in Pakistan. The cost estimation for wind energy is lowest of all others with Rs. 3/kWh.

A. Mengal; M.A. Uqaili; K. Harijan; Abdul Ghafoor Memon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

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Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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77

Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/18: Maritime Cooperation Between India and Pakistan: Building Confidence at Sea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses ways in which the navies of both India and Pakistan can cooperate on issues of maritime and naval significance. Although the militaries and navies of the two countries have traditionally seen each other as rivals, international economic developments make cooperation imperative. South Asia requires an approach that can alter the existing hostile images and perceptions. This can be achieved through developing an incremental approach towards confidence building that would allow consistency and help build confidence gradually. The aim is to make confidence building a sustainable activity that would help transform hostile images and build cooperative and nonhostile relationships. This paper proposes a five-step model to suggest what the two navies can do jointly to build confidence, with the ultimate goal of naval arms control. The steps include (1) the Signaling Stage to initiate communication between the two navies, (2) the Warming-Up Stage to build confidence through nonmilitary joint ventures, (3) the Handshake Stage to build confidence between the two navies through military joint ventures, (4) the Problem-Solving Stage to resolve outstanding disputes, and (5) the Final Nod Stage to initiate naval arms control. This model would employ communication, navigation, and remote sensing technologies to achieve success.

SIDDIQA-AGHA,AYESHA

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Pesticide use and risk perceptions among farmers in the cotton belt of Punjab, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The need to evaluate pesticide use in rural populations, particularly in developing countries, is urgent. Pesticide use and related risk perceptions were studied among 318 randomly selected farmers from two areas of the cotton belt of Punjab, Pakistan. A total amount of 4875kg of pesticide active ingredients was reported to be applied by the farmers per annum and most of these active ingredients were classified as moderately hazardous (55%) or highly hazardous (23%) according to WHO classification. The number of pesticide applications per growing season ranged from 6 to 16, with an average of 10 or 11 applications, depending on district. Better-educated farmers were found to spray less. Most farmers (52%) considered the risk from pesticide use to be low, whereas a solid fraction (12%) considered there was no risk at all. To model farmers' behavior on pesticide overuse, a binary probit regression model was used expressing behavior as a function of age, education, level of risk perception, health effects, pesticide toxicity class, and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) training. Irrespective of age, there was a clear tendency towards pesticide overuse, but the probability decreased with IPM training, a high level of education, and use of highly toxic pesticides. Awareness of the high toxicity of a pesticide product tended to discourage overuse. On the contrary, neither the experience of health effects nor the levels of risk perception affected overuse. Farmers were not well informed about correct application practices and safe handling of pesticides. Overall, findings affirm an urgent need for training programs on pesticide use in the study area with the aim of conveying more specific information on health hazards from pesticides that will avert hazardous behaviors of farmers derived from misleading beliefs about pesticide use.

Muhammad Khan; Hafiz Zahid Mahmood; Christos A. Damalas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Mould incidence and mycotoxin contamination in maize kernels from Swat Valley, North West Frontier Province of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mould incidence and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination as well as proximate composition and minerals content of maize kernels from Swat Valley, North West Frontier Province of Pakistan was studied during the year, 2007. Results indicated that the mean moisture content of the kernels was within the recommended safe storage levels of ?15%. Across the whole valley, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium and Rhizopus were the most predominant fungal genera identified and amongst the mycotoxigenic species, Aspergillus flavus had the highest incidence. AFB1 content ranged from none to 30.92?g/kg with the average values of 14.94 and 16.22?g/kg for Upper and Lower Swat regions, respectively. Similar trend was observed for OTA with the contamination level ranged from Valley may be exposed to the danger of aflatoxins and ochratoxins poisoning. Thus, there is a need for policy makers to establish and enforce maize quality standards and regulations related to moulds and mycotoxins across the area.

Hamid Ullah Shah; Thomas J. Simpson; Sahib Alam; Khanzadi Fatima Khattak; Sajida Perveen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Resistance in the mealybugPhenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley(Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) in Pakistan to selected organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis is a destructive pest of cotton with the potential to develop resistance to most chemical classes of insecticides. Six populations of P.solenopsis from cotton crops at six different locations in Pakistan were evaluated for resistance to selected organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides. Resistance ratios (RRs) at LC50 were in the range of 2.713.3 fold for chlorpyrifos, 11.630.2 fold for profenofos and for the three pyrethroids tested were 10.646.4 for bifenthrin, 5.825.2 for deltamethrin and 4.125.0 for lambda-cyhalothrin. This is the first report of resistance to organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides in Pakistani populations of P.solenopsis. Regular insecticide resistance monitoring programs are needed to prevent field control failures. Moreover, integrated approaches including the judicious use of insecticides and rotation of insecticides with different modes of action are needed to delay the development of insecticide resistance in P.solenopsis.

Bushra Saddiq; Sarfraz Ali Shad; Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan; Muhammad Aslam; Masood Ejaz; Muhammad Babar Shahzad Afzal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Heavy metals in eggshells of cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) and little egret (Egretta garzetta) from the Punjab province, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concentrations of nine trace metals were determined to assess site-specific and species-specific differences using Fast Sequential Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (Varian FAAS-240) in eggshells of Bubulcus ibis and Egretta garzetta from seven heronries in the Punjab province, Pakistan. Pattern of metal concentration followed the order: Fe>Zn>Pb>Mn>Cd>Cr>Li>Cu>Ni. Greater mean concentrations of Mn(1.17?g/g), Ni(0.11?g/g), Pb(1.49?g/g), Cd(0.88?g/g), Cr(0.7?g/g), Cu(0.20?g/g) and Li(0.27?g/g) were recorded in little egret. Mean concentrations of Mn, Pb, and Cr, (3.98, 5.4, 0.8?g/g) were significantly higher in eggshells collected from Shorkot; Cu, Zn and Ni (0.19, 13.0, 0.12?g/g) from the Trimu Headwork; Cd (1.23?g/g) from Jhang Faisalabad Road and Fe (67.98?g/g) from Mailsi. Multivariate analyses indicated that Mn, Pb, Cd, Ni, Cu, Cr and Zn were associated with anthropogenic activities and Fe and Li with natural origin. This study provides the baseline data for a monitoring program and revealed that egg-shells can serve as a bio-monitor of local metal contamination.

Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi; Riffat Naseem Malik; Muhammad Shahbaz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Impact of essential surgical skills with an emphasis on emergency maternal, neonatal and child health training on the practice of doctors: A cluster randomised controlled trial in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction Majority of studies on evaluation of emergency management courses have focused on outcomes such as knowledge and skills demonstrated in non-clinical or traditional testing manner. Such surrogate outcomes may not necessarily reflect vital changes in practice. The aim of this study was to determine if and to what extent, specific training in the management of life threatening emergencies resulted in an increased in compliance with established care guidelines of doctors working in the emergency departments of public sector hospitals in Pakistan. Methods A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in three districts hospitals in three cities (Khairpur, Vehari and Peshawar) of Pakistan. Thirty-six doctors, 18 in intervention (trained in ESS-EMNCH training) and 18 in control (untrained), were enrolled and 248 life threatening emergency events, 124 in each group, were observed for the correct use of the Airway, Breathing, Circulation (ABC) structured approach. The outcome measure was structured approach defined a priori. Data was analysed by using STATA software. Results At individual level, 79 (63.7%) life threatening episodes were managed according to the structured approach in the intervention group and 46 (37.1%) were managed according to the structured approach in controls (OR 2.98, 95%CI 1.784.99, p-value=0.0001). At cluster level, the mean percentage (95% CI) of the structured approach used by doctors in the intervention group [62.9% (50.475.3%)], was significantly higher than those in the control group, [36.3% (26.346.4)] (p-value=0.001). Conclusions 5-day training of ESS-EMNCH significantly increased the compliance with established care guidelines of doctors during their management of life threatening emergency episodes in the public sector hospitals in Pakistan.

Yasir Bin Nisar; Assad Hafeez; Shamsa Zafar; David P. Southall

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Characterization of Roabiba Sandstones Reservoir in Bintuni Field, Papua, Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

42 10 10 5 B-5 GR/Res/ Den/Neu Yes #15: 10501-10515 #16: 10515-10519 #17: 10519-10530 #18: 10530-10559 #19: 10559-10584 #20: 10615-10637 #21: 10751-10753 parts of UR 28 10 8 - B-6 GR/Res/ Den/Neu - #9: 9240-9330 most of UR, MR 12 4 3... .......................................................................................... 3 1.4 Regional geology .................................................................................. 4 1.5 Stratigraphic setting .............................................................................. 7 1.5.1. Sequence...

Vera, Riene

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

84

Flood control in East Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Lavees IV. LEVERS AND THEIR DESIGN 20 22 23 24 A. Height of Levee B. Location of Levee 28 31 Soil Exploration Deltaic Deposits Spacing of Borings Depth of Borings 37 38 40 40 Selection and Tasting of Materials to Evaluate...) either by increasing tha cross-sectional area of che rivers' or (2) by increasing the velocity - as described in paragraph C, or by che combi- nation of the two, Rgafa, che cross-sectional area can be increased either by widening or by deepening...

Eusufzai, Mohammad Hossain Sekandar Hayat Khan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

85

More natural gas for Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... country in the East that seems likely to cushion the energy crisis by exploiting its natural ...naturalgas ...

Azim Kidwai

1977-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

86

US-PAKISTAN STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. For further information on this project, or on ASCO`s broader research program, please contact: Defense Threat, radiological, nuclear, and high explosives) by providing capabilities to reduce, eliminate, and counter

87

Evaluation of solar energy resources by establishing empirical models for diffuse solar radiation on tilted surface and analysis for optimum tilt angle for a prospective location in southern region of Sindh, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Diffuse solar radiation data is very important and is required for solar energy system implementations. The main purpose of the present study is to evaluate solar energy resources by establishing diffuse solar radiation models and obtaining optimum tilt angle fora prospective location is southern region of Sindh, Pakistan. Due to the unavailability of measured diffuse solar radiation data, nine new models, based on available data from local agency and values obtain from existing models, to predict diffuse solar radiation on tilted surface has been established. The best model was chosen based on test results from statistical indicators. The optimum tilt angle for monthly, seasonally, half-yearly and yearly adjustment was determined. The optimum tilt angle varies from 0 in May, June and July to 49 in December. The yearly optimum tilt angle was found as 23, which is close to latitude of investigated location (2507?N). The monthly average total, beam and diffuse solar radiations were calculated for optimum and vertical tilted surfaces and were compared with those obtain for horizontal surfaces. The half-yearly adjustment of optimum tilt angle is recommended for the investigated location because very small difference in annual solar energy gains in comparison with monthly or seasonal adjustment. The total annual energy for completer year and for four seasons of the year was calculated and found that maximum total annual energy is obtained at optimum tilt angle.

Shahnawaz Farhan Khahro; Kavita Tabbassum; Shahnawaz Talpur; Mohammad Bux Alvi; Xiaozhong Liao; Lei Dong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

89

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Slide23 Slide23 Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste Congo Marshall Islands Togo Congo, The Democratic Republic of Mauritania Tonga

90

Asian Development Outlook 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asian Development Outlook 2010 Asian Development Outlook 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Asian Development Outlook 2010: Macroeconomic Management Beyond the Crisis Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.adb.org/Documents/Books/ADO/2010/ado2010.pdf Country: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia (country), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, South Korea, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, Myanmar, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

91

Development of public tubewell designs in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...International) Ltd, Demeter House, Station Road, Cambridge...Groundwater and Man, Sydney, Australia. Sir M...International) Ltd, Demeter House, Station Road, Cambridge...remarkably trouble-free well opera- tion. Moreover, the...Groundwater and Man, Sydney, Australia. Sir M...

W. Bakiewicz; D. M. Milne; A. D. Pattle

92

Update: 25/01/2014 Papua New Guinea PNG University of Technology,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system near a fixed point depends on a Diophantine con- dition, already introduced by Joseph Liouville. Acknowledgments I was invited in January 2010 by Ashok Agrawal to participate to the 97th Indian Science Congress the identity. The orbit of a point x X is the set {x, f(x), f2 (x), . . . } X. A fixed point is an element x

Waldschmidt, Michel

93

Geographic structure of masked stingray in the Indo-Malay-Papua archipelago  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the origin of the high marine biodiversity in the Indo-Malay-Papuan archipelago at the core of the Coral Triangle, which is the global epicentre for marine biodiversity (P.H. Barber, J. Biogeogr. 2009). DoesAssociationforTropicalBiologyandConservation,"Tropical biodiversity:survivingthefood,energyandclimatecrisis",19-23July2010,Denpasar The blue-spotted or masked

94

Biodiversity inventories and conservation of the marine fishes of Bootless Bay, Papua New Guinea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effective management and conservation of biodiversity is predicated on clearly defined conservation targets. ... experiences the highest human population density of any marine area in the country. Our checkli...

Joshua A Drew; Charlene L Buxman; Darcae D Holmes; Joanna L Mandecki

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Emergence of FY*Anull in a Plasmodium vivax-endemic region of Papua New Guinea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...panel (Research Genetics) and the Stanford Human Genome Center Radiation Hybrid Mapping E-mail Server (http://www-shgc.stanford.edu/RH/rhserverformnew.html). D1S2635 maps to within 0.30.6 cM of FY. ns, not significant. Conclusion...

Peter A. Zimmerman; Ian Woolley; Godfred L. Masinde; Stephanie M. Miller; David T. McNamara; Fred Hazlett; Charles S. Mgone; Michael P. Alpers; Blaise Genton; B. A. Boatin; James W. Kazura

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Revelations of the world: Transnationalism and the politics of perception in Papua New Guinea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transmissiona speech chain (Agha 2003)that followed gendered and genealogical lines. Whether routes

Slotta, James

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

98

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

99

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Reply to comment Slide23 Submitted by gibsone on Fri, 2013-08-30 06:22 FY2011-hitson Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste

100

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

102

An agent-based approach to HIV/AIDS epidemic modeling : a case study of Papua New Guinea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since AIDS was first discovered, mathematical models of the transmission dynamics of HIV have been developed to determine the drivers of the epidemic. It has become apparent that the most profound factor in the proliferation ...

Rhee, Alisa Joy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A clinical study of kuru patients with long incubation periods at the end of the epidemic in Papua New Guinea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...endocannibalism was suppressed. There were reports of surreptitious eating of the dead in remote hamlets for some years afterwards...Were there any remaining source of infection, whether from surreptitious cannibalism or possible ground contamination (Brown Gajdusek...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with age, cough and fever. More than 50% of theTB diagnosis. Conclusion: Cough and fever are being ignoredtreatment. The duration of cough was used to find out total

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Study on Natural Radioactivity in Khewra Salt Mines, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......The excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR) was calculated...salt mines (Excluding Uranium) of some other countries...and Excess Life Time Cancer Risk (%) in the Khewra...than the other non-uranium mines.5) The average...and Excess Life Time Cancer Risk (100%) are calculated......

Muzahir Ali Baloch; Aziz Ahmed Qureshi; Abdul Waheed; Muhammad Ali; Nawab Ali; Muhammad Tufail; Saima Batool; Muhammad Akram; Poonam Iftikhar; Hamza Qayyum; Shahid Manzoor; Hameed Ahmed Khan

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

PASSPORTS TO PRIVILEGE: THE ENGLISH-MEDIUM SCHOOLS IN PAKISTAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10,000 Middle class = 10,001-20,000 Upper middle class = 20,001 50,000 Lower upper class = 50,001 100,000 Middle upper class = Above 100,000 The income is for the whole family and not of the individuals earning it. In most cases... . Tariq Rahman, Passports to Privilege 40 Income of the Families of Elitist English School Faculty N = 65 (Percentages in brackets) Not written Upto 5,000 5,001- 10,000 10,001 20,000 20,001 50,000 50,000 100,000 Above 100,000 Pay...

Rahman, Tariq

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

County Madera County Kings County Tulare County Kern Countywill be urbanized. Madera and Kings counties will also seeMadera, Merced, Kings, and Tulare counties. The results of

David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Electricity consumption and economic growth empirical evidence from Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present article uses the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing procedure to identify the long run equilibrium relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth. Toda Yamamoto and...

Muhammad Shahbaz; Mete Feridun

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Measurement of natural radioactivity from soil samples of Sind, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Gnbold G., Ganhimeg G. Natural Radioactivity of Some Mongolian Building Materials (2000) National University of Mongolia. INIS Electronic Form No. E16-20002-46. 14 Baeza A. , Del-Rio M., Miro C. Natural radioactivity in soils of the Province......

S. A. Mujahid; S. Hussain

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Natural radioactivity in soil in the Baluchistan province of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Gnbold G., Ganhimeg G. Natural radioactivity of some Mongolian building materials. (2000) National University of Mongolia, INIS Electronic Form No. E16-20002-46. 17 Baeza A. , Del-Rio M., Miro C. Natural radioactivity in soils of the Province......

S. A. Mujahid; S. Hussain

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

NREL: International Activities - Pakistan Resource Maps and Toolkit  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The high-resolution (10-km) annual and seasonal solar resource maps were developed using weather satellite data incorporated into a site-time specific solar mapping approach...

112

Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba CALIFORNIA PopulationNapa, Solano, Sonoma Sutter, Yolo, Yuba El Dorado, Placer,Napa, Solano, Sonoma Sutter, Yolo, Yuba El Dorado, Placer,

David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

UNEP scheme to bring power to Pakistan's villages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Natural Resources, Energy and Transport in New York, the scheme is designed to harness solar energy, wind power and village bio-mass to generate electrical power on a suitable ... will be dependent on local geography and the local potential of renewable energy sources, especially solar, wind and water power and bio-mass. Bio-mass will be fermented to produce ...

Azim Kidwai

1978-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

114

. 16 (9. ).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa

115

The Transmission of Federal Reserve Tapering News to Emerging Financial Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India Indonesia Pakistan Ukraine Czech R. Latvia LithuaniaIndia, Indonesia, Pakistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Latvia,India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Latvia,

Aizenman, Joshua; Binici, Mahir; Hutchison, Michael M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

THE ROLES OF PRIOR RESIDENCE AND RELATIVE SIZE IN COMPETITION FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Papua, New Guinea, and Palau (Johnson 1960; McVey 1975). Usually it is found in fresh and brackish

117

A Review of the South Pacific Tuna Baitfisheries: Small Pelagic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Palau in the Western Caroline Islands (Muller, 1976;Wilson, 1977)and in Papua New Guinea (PNG) (Lewis et

118

SpatialSpatialSpatial Spatial Characteristics of Characteristics of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islands 160W 20N 170W 150W 10N Johnston I Palau Papua New Guinea Federated States of Micronesia Gilbert CNMI 160E 180170E Marshall Islands 160W 20N 170W 150W 10N Johnston I Palau Papua New Guinea Federated Northern Marianas Guam Federated States of Micronesia Marshall Islands Johnston Palmyra 10N Palau Papua New

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

119

Opportunities for climate change adaptation in developing countries - a case of local governments in Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis is one of the first attempts in the context of urban Pakistani local governments that starts with a comprehensive inventory of what is (more)

Janjua, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Intermediate-scale architectural features of the fluvial Chinji Formation (Miocene), Siwalik Group, northern Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from mudstone- to sandstone-domination at the top of the Chinji Formation...their reversal stratigraphy by locating the reversal surfaces in the...sandstone deposits: strata, sets dune-scale bed-forms...from mudstone- to sandstone-domination at the top of the Chinji Formation...

PETER F. FRIEND; S. MAHMOOD RAZA; GREG GEEHAN; KHALID A. SHEIKH

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A proposed college level teacher-training program in agricultural education for East Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PQRKQBTURR, "%- THi? UNXYED BMTMs At the time ef' the~ssage cf the Fedeiei Act~ 13Nle instrugMen on college level teacher-training was given th M~iroes whereas it' was ~ff&5~-with xdxita=tauw~s? Nor Megr45sx- ~M= thQ W@4?QLCiQQ. -~ fus po. "gt~~:pgQ@k g... extension soak en the sub-division arid higher. 2-- Agxicultxxxal xeseaech woxk in the dUfszent linies ef epeeisl- search and education branch of the Mx'actor'ats of Agxieultuxe? 'a'gx4eultv'gsl;sduosti~ , though . the agxiqu3, tm'al q~en'-sesylce. ie...

Ahmad, Moslehuddin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

122

Measurements of natural radioactivity and radon exhalation rates from different brands of cement used in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......these radionuclides in large amounts of waste products used in the cement manufacturing, like phosphogypsum, coal fly ash, shale ash, some rare minerals and so on. Fly ash is obtained from coal-fired power plants and certainly contains......

S. A. Mujahid; A. Rahim; S. Hussain; M. Farooq

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Petroleum geochemistry of Lower Indus Basin, Pakistan: I. Geochemical interpretation and origin of crude oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The study focused on the petroleum geochemistry of crude oils produced from Cretaceous reservoirs. Geochemical portrayal of crude oils has been carried out by means of diagnostic biomarker parameters like relative distribution of steranes (C27C28C29 ???-20R steranes), C19 and C23 tricyclic terpanes (TT), C24 tetracyclic terpanes (TeT) and hopanes. These parameters suggest that the crude oils contain terrigenous organic matter (OM) mixed with small input of marine OM. The OM of the source rocks was deposited in oxic depositional environment. Maturity parameters, C32 22S/(22S+22R) homohopanes and sterane isomerization ratios [20S/(20S+20R), ???/(???+???) for C29 steranes] indicate that these crude oil are produced from the source rocks at early mature stage to mature stage.

Arif Nazir; Tahira Fazeelat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Climate change awareness and adaptation by local planning in Punjab, Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Climate change is a serious threat to the security and prosperity of the world in the twenty first century. Although it is inherently a global (more)

Shahid, Zareen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Soil radioactivity levels and radiological risk assessment in the highlands of Hunza, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......90Sr=1.5(4). Depleted uranium is another anthropogenic...related to the occurrence of cancer and other hereditary disorders...the thorium-bearing and uranium-bearing minerals in the soil because both uranium and thorium activities......

Manzoor Ali; Sajid Iqbal; Mohammad Wasim; Mohammad Arif; Farhan Saif

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possible new water and environmental management initiativesminimize the environmental costs) of water management, andenvironmental issues, the focus of the proposed body would be specifically on water management,

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

minimize the environmental costs) of water management, andspecifically on water management, with environmental issuespossible new water and environmental management initiatives

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of throwing waste in water bodies, burning it as annearby residents. Burning of the waste at landfills and in

Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Kadanwari Gas Field, Pakistan: a disappointment turns into an attractive development opportunity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...orientated, 2 km spaced seismic grid, with a shot point interval...consistent set of results to use in estimating volumetric gas-in-place...this paper reality. Jerry Smart, Simon Beswetherick and Richard...1998. Kadanwari field: The benefits of asset management. Proceedings...

Nasir Ahmad; Siddique Chaudhry

130

Occupational exposure from external radiation used in medical practices in Pakistan by film badge dosimetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......R. J. Manual on Radiation Dosimetry (1970...An Introduction of Radiation Protection (1986...Agency (IAEA). Safety series calibration of radiation protection instruments...Orfi S. D. Software RaDLab Ver. 1......

A. Jabeen; M. Munir; A. Khalil; M. Masood; P. Akhter

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Assessment of the occupational radiation exposure doses to workers at INMOL Pakistan (200711)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......measures and safety of workers during...been sent to the Radiation Dosimetry Laboratory...fabricated computer software . The calibration...PNRA and IAEA radiation protection and safety guidelines...radiation and for the safety of radiation sources. (1994......

Khalid Masood; Junaid Zafar; Tasneem Zafar; Haroon Zafar

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 T ABLE 1: L ARGER HYDROELECTRIC AND DIVERSION PROJECTSin the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from the

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Formation evaluation using wavelet analysis on logs of the Chinji and Nagri Formations, northern Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relatively new method of using wavelets in well log analysis is a powerful tool for defining multiple superimposed scales of lithic trends and contacts. Interpreting depositional processes associated with different scales of vertical variation...

Tanyel, Emre Doruk

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

134

Tectonics of the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, and Southern Pakistan Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf has major economic importance because of oil ... , the two geological provinces which border the Persian Gulf (Fig. 1). Bordering the Gulf of Oman on the east are the...

Kees A. De Jong

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Soil radioactivity levels and radiological risk assessment in the highlands of Hunza, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......will require some additional remediation of the soil. Similar to external...dose rate in air at 1 m above ground level. It is calculated as...gamma-dose at 1 m height above the ground level due to the presence of...gamma-ray spectrometry. Water Air Soil Pollut. (2010......

Manzoor Ali; Sajid Iqbal; Mohammad Wasim; Mohammad Arif; Farhan Saif

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Empathizing with France and Pakistan on Agricultural Subsidy Issues in the Doha Round  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 949 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 950 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 951 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 952 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 953 2007 Hein...Online -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 954 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 955 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 956 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 957 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 958 2007 HeinOnline -- 40...

Bhala, Raj

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Irrigation-suitability land classification of the Rechna Doab in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND GROUNDWATER SALINITY AND ALKALINITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Kinds of Salt Affected Soils Experience in the Study Area Use of Satellite Imagery Waterlogging, Salinity, and Crop Yield Crop Salt ? Tolerance Quality of Irrigation Water Water... of the Saturated Extract Relationship between Yield of Cotton and Soil Salinity Effect of Increasing Salinity in Irrigation Water upon Soil Saturation Extract EH'ect of Different Leaching Fraction (LF) Values on Soil Water Salinity Variance in Salt...

Rehman, Gauhar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

138

Natural gas hydrates on the continental slope off Pakistan: constraints from seismic techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......2000 research-article Articles Natural gas hydrates on the continental slope...J. Int. (2000) 140, 295310 Natural gas hydrates on the continental slope...adequate gas supplies for hydrate Natural gas hydrates (clathrates) are a crystalline......

Ingo Grevemeyer; Andreas Rosenberger; Heinrich Villinger

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

special issue of Water Nepal, 4, 1, September. Haddad,and its subsequent impacts in Nepal, India and China.Katmandu: WWF Nepal Country Program. Kathmandu Post (2005).

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Design of a mechanized paddy harvester for inundated areas of East Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contamination from the rice cr'op . 37 CliA1'TRR V DI. 'SZCi1 AiiD A11Abkgiii DF Tiii: 1'LTAT 1, '1:, APL1R C'coral Oe. i rgiition of Diiat Rii ipler The boat reaper design, wliic1i iia select. d from the possible configiir, iLinns di cus cd in Cli. iptcr...:iil Sc (eiiou Ii: (P. )-t 1) I', 1!ru, iry 197il. 17. Ki i, ei e, p. ai?1 ('ac?i, . ii, C. K. Rii e. 8 it(eh!ic nt. (world Crripn (7) 293-29), . Tu1y 1950. 18. Thdiene, '(. 1(iee Ci lture in Ju(san. Yokeiido !. td. , Jap. in 1955. 19. ('h, Fefnir Ba...

Chowdhury, Md. Abdul Karim

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relating to hydroelectricity generation, irrigation water,resources to generate hydroelectricity Managing watershedsFor example, micro-hydroelectricity generation may be an

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

De bevordering van empowerment in onderwijsprojecten voor meisjes in Pakistan, Somali en Afghanistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Meisjes hebben een grote kans op uitsluiting van onderwijs. Onderwijs heeft positieve effecten op de gezondheid en economische status van vrouwen en hun kinderen. Onderwijs (more)

Rademakers, A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Assessment of radiological hazards of clay bricks fabricated in the Punjab province of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......saddar, Shujabad, Jalalpur Pirwala 3.117 Pakpatan Pakpatan, Arifwala 1.287 Sahiwal Sahiwal, Chichawatni 1.843 Vihari Vehari, Burewala, Mailsi 2.090 Rawalpindi Attack Attock, Hassanabdal, Fateh Jang, Pindi Gheb, Jand, Hazro 1.275 Chakwal......

M. Asghar; M. Tufail; K. Khan; A. Mahmood

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

An Indian Ocean tsunami triggered remotely by an onshore earthquake in Balochistan, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...s11069-011-9854-0. Okal, E.A. , Fritz, H.M., Raad, P.E., Synolakis, C., Al-Shijbi, Y., and Al-Saifi, M., 2006, Oman field survey of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Earthquake Spectra, v. 22, S3, p. 203-218, doi...

Gsta Hoffmann; Sultan Al-Yahyai; Ghazala Naeem; Mareike Kociok; Christoph Grtzner

145

An economic appraisal of the small and cottage industries in East Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~, . ;::-, . ' ';-, ;: ' 'tte'5s' gn': Ches j 4@p8n j '. '71%$1e8'), ' X'Salg 'an4. 'X~~PBJcketan ' j , . ', ::. :-:::: t8ie; i j~g:gkagde'od-:the. @@XI'e~ -, eiXh':. -eo~-. seej'e4e' -tao . ' colorless. ; XtqM4s. whke4 md te' ou; isis~ 1~m. the:@lan@a' to Xska@4es Shah...~, . ;::-, . ' ';-, ;: ' 'tte'5s' gn': Ches j 4@p8n j '. '71%$1e8'), ' X'Salg 'an4. 'X~~PBJcketan ' j , . ', ::. :-:::: t8ie; i j~g:gkagde'od-:the. @@XI'e~ -, eiXh':. -eo~-. seej'e4e' -tao . ' colorless. ; XtqM4s. whke4 md te' ou; isis~ 1~m. the:@lan@a' to Xska@4es Shah...

Zoha, Syed Shamsuz

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

146

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from theirrigation and hydroelectric power generation schemes better

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

waste is also transported to landfill site near Shah Rukn-e-transportation of waste to landfill sites. For direct hauldispose off the waste at landfill site. Trolleys and dumpers

Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Irfan Ullah Chaudhary Address: 47-D New Muslim Town, Lahore 54600, Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Technology Thesis Supervisor: Prof. Peter Hagelstein Thesis Title: Applications of group theory to few-body to excess heat production in Fleischmann-Pons experiments" (with P. L. Hagelstein) Low Energy Nuclear physics M.Sc. (Electrical Engineering) 1994-1995 Massachusetts Institute of Technology B.Sc. (Electrical

149

A Twenty Year Perspective on Energy Demand and Supply Situation of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy is a prerequisite for economic development and ... fact that the per capita consumption of commercial energy in the industrialised countries is about a ... of both per capita GDP and per capita energy cons...

A. M. Khan; S. B. Khan

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

India, Ceylon and Pakistan: New Age Data and Comparisons with Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... some charnockites1,300\tBiotite age, S. Maharashtra\tKimberlites\tMajhgawan kimberlite Pegmatites Base of Upper Vind-hyan 1,200 1,300

A. R. CRAWFORD

1969-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

151

NOAA Fisheries Observers An Integral Part of Observing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collection, tag recapture · Fisheries management, resource assessments, and bycatch reduction methodology, Papua New Guinea, Fed. States of Micronesia, Solomon Islands, Kiribati, and Vietnam) #12;11 Northeast

152

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, United States, Vietnam Australia and New Zealand,...

153

RICHARD H. GRANT, Professor of Agro-micrometeorology, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University B.S. 1977 Duke University (Distinction) 1974-1977  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management Association International Solar Energy Society Gamma Sigma Delta honorary agriculture research, Hungary, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mauritania, Mexico, Morroco, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Peoples Republic

Jackson, Scott A.

154

Albania 00-800-0010 American Samoa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-800-01-001 Palau SS Panama 800-0109 {Spanish} 800-2288 Papua New Guinea SS Paraguay Asuncion City 008-11-800 Peru

Fisher, Kathleen

155

A unified model of island biogeography sheds light on the zone of radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

890 50 1 46 43 3 0 Tonga Australia 699 3000 11 15 13 2 0 Palau Papua New Guinea 494 585 4 26 14 12 0

156

India-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in up to 11 partner countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. References "USAID LEAD...

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - agroforest sulawesi indonesia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Aceh, Papua, Central Sulawesi, Maluku Kenya Kuwait Liberia Myanmar (former Burma) Nepal Nigeria... Former USSR - Azerbaijan Kyrgystan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Guatemala Guyana...

158

Fast Out of the Gate: How Developing Asian Countries can Prepare...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development (LEAD) program: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, and Vietnam. LEDSGP green logo.png This...

159

Cambodia-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in up to 11 partner countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. USAID LEAD Factsheet LEAD Fact...

160

Secure or seclude : U.S. nuclear policy and nuclear states, a comparison of India and Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The U.S. has implemented a two-track nuclear policy since the Cold War. The first track is non-proliferation and the second track involves securing all nuclear (more)

Chaney, Brent Buie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Effects of Tight Budgetary Control on Employee Behavior in the Public Sector of Jordan, Pakistan and Sweden.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis aims to explore the effects of tight budgetary control on employee behavior focusing on employee loyalty, employee satisfaction, job related tension and (more)

Al-Shaibie, Mahmoud

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A comparative study of the systems of marketing eggs in the United States and in East Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gratitude is expressed to Dr. I. O. Linger for helpful suggestions snd comments. I am indebted to Doctors Car1 E. Shafer and Ray Billingsley for their suggestions and encouragement. I sm immensely thankful to the managers and owners of the egg farms... the practical aspects of marketing of farm products and the importance of public administration in agricul . ural development. Sincere thanks are due Mrs. Linda Fowler and Mrs. Judy Hewi. tt for typing the thesis during their off-duty time in the evenings...

Alam, Khurshid

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Measurement of natural radioactivity and dose rate assessment of terrestrial gamma radiation in the soil of southern Punjab, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......terrestrial background radiation mainly due to these...assess the population radiation doses(4-9). However...data are available on naturally occuring and artificial radionulides...order to assess the radiation doses for the general......

I. Fatima; J. H. Zaidi; M. Arif; M. Daud; S. A. Ahmad; S. N. A. Tahir

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Beyond the traditional : a new paradigm for Pakistani schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pakistan's greatest resource is its children, but only a small percentage of them make it through primary school. Pakistan needs to improve its literacy rate if it hopes to transition from a developing to a developed ...

Quadri, Mahjabeen, 1977-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1101711096, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11017/2010/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Papua New Guinea, is one of the most heavily populated regions of the world. Biofuel and biomass burning easterly jet. Part of the pollution can reach the tropical tropopause layer, the gate- way

Meskhidze, Nicholas

166

Microsoft PowerPoint - Session2_Rogers.pptx  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

2008 - 2015 1,400 ACTUAL FORECAST search Program 1,200 Yemen USA - Kenai Trinidad Russia ACTUAL FORECAST atural Gas Res 1,000 Qatar Peru Papua New Guinea Oman Nameplate...

167

The first fossil leptofoenine wasp (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae): A new species of Leptofoenus in Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) northeastern Australia Doddifoenus rex Bou?ek Papua New Guinea Genus Leptofoenus Smith Leptofoenus howardi (Ashmead) Paraguay, Brazil, Surinam Leptofoenus peleciniformis Smith Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Costa Rica Leptofoenus pittfi eldae Engel sp. n. Dominican...

Engel, Michael S.

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

168

Cold Water Flow and Upper-Ocean Currents in the Bismarck Sea from December 2001 to January 2002  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors investigated the upper-ocean currents in the Bismarck Sea and related oceanic thermal changes in the western equatorial South Pacific for December 2001January 2002; during this period, coastal upwelling occurred along the Papua New ...

Takuya Hasegawa; Kentaro Ando; Hideharu Sasaki

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Phylogeny of tropical marine oscillatoria and correlation with biologically active secondary metabolites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

governments of Curacao, Panama, and Papua New Guinea, forHowever, a strain from Panama that was closely related to1999) and Bocas del Toro, Panama, which are geographically

Chan, Tracy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Institution of Civil Engineers : Officers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... S. Cameron, J. Chambers (India), H. F. Cronin, E. L. Everatt (Pakistan), A. Gray (Canada), A. C. Hartley, Prof. Douglas ...

1948-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

171

Part VII: Section J: List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

People's Republic of) - Terrorist Kyrgyzstan Libya - Terrorist Moldavia Pakistan Russia Sudan - Terrorist Syria - Terrorist Taiwan (Republic of China) Tajikistan Turkmenistan...

172

Characterizing Internet Performance to Support Wide-area Application Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-of-the-way places, like Islamabad (Pakistan) or Paramaribo (Suriname), not just the Internet covering the USA

Tanenbaum, Andrew S.

173

This is an author-deposited version published in: http://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/ Eprints ID: 6554  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Information Technology, Vehari 61100, Pakistan e-mail: shahidzeeshan@gmail.com E. Ferrand Laboratoire d

Mailhes, Corinne

174

This work is supported by higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, networks are well planned and managed by operators using manual methods, but it incurs high cost of capital expenditure (CAPEX) and operating expenditure (OPEX)[1]. The reference signal sequences in LTE (which

Bahk, Saewoong

175

Seismic data, geometry, evolution, and shortening in the active Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt of Pakistan, southwest of the Himalayas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite its long history of exploration, the Sulaiman fold and thrust belt is a poorly known structure and detailed structural and geochemical investigations are vital for the successful exploration, evaluation and exploitation of any hydrocarbons. Recent nappe and duplex structural models provide a framework for exploration. Surface and subsurface data from the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt are integrated to analyze the deep structure, tectonic, shortening, and kinematics of the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt at the western margin of the Indian subcontinent. Seismic reflection data show that nearly all the 10-km-thick sequence of dominantly platform (>7 km) and molasse strata is detached at the deformation front. The strata thicken tectonically to about 20 km in the hinterland without significant thrust faults in the foreland. A balanced structural cross-section suggests that structural uplift in the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt is a result of a thin-skinned, passive-roof duplex style of deformation. Sequential restoration of the balanced section reveals a series of structural and geometrical features including: (1) development of low-amplitude, broad concentric folds at the tip of the decollement; (2) increase in amplitude of a detachment fold to a critical level for development of ramp and duplex structures; and (3) out-of-sequence thrusting to create required critical taper for an outward translation of the foreland fold-and-thrust belt. A balanced structural cross-section 349 km long from the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt restores to an original length of 727 km, suggesting a maximum of 378 km of shortening since 21 Ma in the cover strata of the Indian subcontinent. Calculation of displacement rates over the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt (18 mm/yr) added to the resolved rate of the Chaman fault vector for the component parallel to the plate convergence direction (15 mm/yr) are close to the current India-Asia plate convergence rate (37 mm/yr). 68 refs., 13 figs.

Jadoon, I.A.K. (Quaid-i-Azam Univ., Islamabad (Panama)); Lawrence, R.D.; Lillie, R.J. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Measurements of activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides in soil samples from Punjab province of Pakistan and assessment of radiological hazards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......G. Natural radioactivity of some Mongolian building materials. Nuclear Research Center, National University of Mongolia, INIS Electronic form No. E16-20002-46 (2000). 13. Sam, A. K., Ahmed, M. M. O., El-Khangi, F. A., El-nigumi......

S. N. A. Tahir; K. Jamil; J. H. Zaidi; M. Arif; Nasir Ahmed; Syed Arif Ahmad

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The multistage exhumation history of the Kaghan Valley UHP series, NW Himalaya, Pakistan from U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar ages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...irradiated for 96 h in position 6 of the ICI (In Core Irradiation) system in the Geesthacht Neutron Facility (GeNF) at FRG-1, GKSS research centre at Geesthacht (Germany). The neutron flux variation over the length of the sample capsule...

Franziska D.H. Wilke; Patrick J. OBrien; Axel Gerdes; Martin J. Timmerman; Masafumi Sudo; M. Ahmed Khan

178

Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman 9th Grade, Metro High School, Columbus, Ohio The Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971 was for independence from Pakistan. India and Pakistan got Pakistan. Having control over the provinces, the West used up more resources than the East. Between 1948

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

179

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Obtaining Entry...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova Pakistan Russia Taiwan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan click to view 10-15 work days NOTE: Due to DOE requirements, requests from...

180

Corruption in India Andrew Sanchez  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

citizens to access resources and preferential state treatment to which they are not entitled. Second much worse, including regional neighbours Pakistan and Bangladesh. However, the real significance

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

especially for net oil importers. In Bangladesh, Brazil, Brunei, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Malaysia, Burma (Myanmar), Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, and Thailand,...

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria libya morocco Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya... , Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi...

183

Reports and other Publications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Vol. 134, Article 2: A Contribution to the Herpetology of West Pakistan. By Sherman A. Minton, Jr. Pp. 27-184 +plates 9-36. $5. ( ...

1967-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

184

COLLOQUIUM: Nuclear Famine: The Threat to Humanity from Nuclear...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Nuclear Famine: The Threat to Humanity from Nuclear Weapons Dr. Alan Robock Rutgers University A nuclear war between India and Pakistan, with...

185

E-Print Network 3.0 - area northeast china Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Vietnam (Figure 1). China's western areas include... in the north of China. An area dubbed the ... Source: Wisconsin at...

186

Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Network (MAIN) Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Peru-The Mitigation Action...

187

Colony Mills Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limited Place: Lahore, Pakistan Sector: Solar Product: Yarn manufacturer, plans to set up solar thermal plant. References: Colony Mills Limited1 This article is a stub. You can...

188

South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

189

The Way Forward  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Draws together findings from the chain of analyses on Pakistan's Indus Basin, distinguishing between the relative significance of different scenarios, impacts, and adaptations, and highlighting recommendations for research, ...

Yu, Winston

190

Alternative Energy Development Board | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Board Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alternative Energy Development Board Place: Islamabad, Pakistan Product: Islamabad-based autonomous body under the Ministry of Water and...

191

This is an author-deposited version published in: http://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/ Eprints ID: 6554  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Vehari 61100, Pakistan e-mail: shahidzeeshan@gmail.com E. Ferrand Laboratoire d'Etude Radioécologique en

Boyer, Edmond

192

Sandia's Cooperative Monitoring Center celebrates 20 years |...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the photo: In this 1998 photo, Kent Biringer, manager of International Nuclear Threat Reduction, meets with visiting scholars from Pakistan and India at the Cooperative Monitoring...

193

The valley of Shimshal a geographical portrait of a remote high mountain settlement and its pastures with reference to environmental habitat conditions in the North-West Karakorum (Pakistan)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents observations on the natural hazard potential for permanent and seasonal mountain settlements and infrastructure such as routeways and irrigation canals in the North-West Karakorum. The remot...

Iturrizaga Lasafam

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Abdus Salam: A Reappraisal. Part II Salam's Part in the Pakistani Nuclear Weapon Programme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Salam's biographies claim that he was opposed to Pakistan's nuclear weapon programme. This is somewhat strange given that he was the senior Science Advisor to the Pakistan government for at least some of the period between 1972 when the programme was initiated and 1998 when a successful nuclear weapon test was carried out. I look at the evidence for his participation in the programme.

Dombey, Norman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Abdus Salam: A Reappraisal. Part II Salam's Part in the Pakistani Nuclear Weapon Programme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Salam's biographies claim that he was opposed to Pakistan's nuclear weapon programme. This is somewhat strange given that he was the senior Science Advisor to the Pakistan government for at least some of the period between 1972 when the programme was initiated and 1998 when a successful nuclear weapon test was carried out. I look at the evidence for his participation in the programme.

Norman Dombey

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

196

Volume 131, Number 41 tech.mit.edu Friday, September 30, 2011 Oldest and Largest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WEATHER, p. 2 SECTIONS World & Nation 2 Opinion 4 Arts 12 Fun Pages 13 SportsRESS IN SAUdI ARAbIA? Believe it or not, there is a precedent for it OPINION, p. 4 AbANdON PAkISTAN Pakistan

197

Nitrosamines: Scientists on the Trail of Prime Suspect in Urban Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...energy R & D. That plan seemed to treat solar energy and fusion on a par with the breeder...well in hand, but we've never built a solar generating station or a fusion reactor...and has three heads of state (those of Tanzania, Zambia, and Papua New Guinea) among...

DEBORAH SHAPLEY

1976-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

198

Z .Marine Chemistry 64 1999 229252 The chemical composition of shallow-water hydrothermal fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; accepted 1 September 1998 Abstract Z .Submarine, hydrothermal venting occurs at Tutum Bay in shallow 5­10 m in Tutum Bay, Ambitle Island, Papua New Guinea and their effect on ambient seawater Thomas Pichler a,) , Jan Veizer a,b , Gwendy E.M. Hall c a Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience Centre, Uni?ersity of Ottawa, Ottawa

Pichler, Thomas

199

2004 01 12 2004 11 26  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Liu, T. K., Y. G. Chen, W. S. Chen, and S. H. Jiang 2000 "Rates of CoolingandDenudationofthe Early-Glacial Sea-Level Rise from a Coral Recordat HounPeninsula,Papua New Guinea." Nature 349: 147-149. Chen, W. S 1 2 3 #12; 41 () (regression) (transgression) 1 0.5 (Liu et al., 2000, 2001

Chen, Wen-Shan

200

The shape and tempo of language evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chain ran for 10 million generations, and burn-in was set to 5 million generations after...chain, leaving a total of 1000 post-burn-in trees. By constraining the tree topology...Alamblak (from Papua New Guinea), Awa Pit (from Colombia), Quechua (from Ecuador...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ELSEVIER Earth and Planetary Science Letters 136 (1995) 575-590 Recent changes in climate in the far western equatorial Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Madang, Papua New Guinea Scottish Uniaersities Research and Reactor Centre, East Kilbride, Glasgow G74 are presented on changes in the climate of this region over the past 70 yr, based on analysis of the stable and inter-annual changes in temperature means that the coral skeletal 6 "0 record may be reliably

202

Capacity Building in Wind Energy for PICs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Capacity Building in Wind Energy for PICs Presentation of the project Regional Workshop Suva hydropower is relatively important (Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Samoa · The traditional use of wind energy has indicates that significant wind energy potential exists. · A monitoring project showed that in Rarotonga

203

An Experiment in Reducing Cellular Base Station Power Draw With Virtual Coverage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

providers offer "low-power" GSM Base Stations (BTS) for use with renewable energy sources, these have cellular network during a six-month deployment in rural Papua, Indonesia. We demonstrate that the systemAn Experiment in Reducing Cellular Base Station Power Draw With Virtual Coverage Kurtis Heimerl UC

Parikh, Tapan S.

204

Local, Sustainable, Small-Scale Cellular Networks Kurtis Heimerl, Shaddi Hasan, Kashif Ali, Eric Brewer, Tapan Parikh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investment required to run cellular systems; base stations can cost upwards of US$100,000 and require of this concept by conducting an ongoing six-month long field deployment in rural Papua, Indonesia, in partnership Africa currently without network coverage are in rural areas without grid power [21]. Galperin et al. [13

Parikh, Tapan S.

205

Nuclear nonproliferation strategies for South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continued expansion of the nuclear weapons capabilities of India and Pakistan, coupled with ongoing conflict between them, raises the probability of nuclear war in South Asia. A nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan could also harm efforts to discourage other nations from acquiring nuclear weapons. United States policy opposes the spread of nuclear weapons because proliferation increases threats to U.S. national security and to world peace and stability. However, there is debate on the dangers of an escalating arms race in South Asia. Steps taken by the United States and other countries to persuade India and Pakistan to end their nuclear weapons programs have had limited success, at most slowing down their pace. A complicating factor is that India maintains a nuclear capability in part to deter China, whereas Pakistan`s nuclear weapons capability is aimed at deterring India`s superior conventional and nuclear capabilities. Analysts and policy officials are divided on how to avoid an arms race in South Asia. The Clinton Administration has renewed efforts to break the deadlock over nonproliferation, but longstanding obstacles have blocked progress. Pakistan favors a regional approach to nonproliferation, while India insists on a global approach that treats the nuclear powers on an equal basis with non nuclear weapon countries. This report analyzes the nuclear capabilities of India and Pakistan and reviews several options for U.S. nonproliferation policy in South Asia.

Davis, Z.S.

1994-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

206

Fracture model for cemented aggregates Aleksander Zubelewicz, Darla G. Thompson, Martin Ostoja-Starzewski, Axinte Ionita, Devin Shunk et al.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy as a viable option for Pakistan J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 5, 013104 (2013) Bio-oil production by fast pyrolysis from agriculture residue in northeastern China J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 5

Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

207

Impact assessment of hydroclimatic change on water stress in the Indus Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ninety percent of Pakistan's agricultural output is produced in fields irrigated by the Indus basin irrigation system, the world's largest network of canals, dams, barrages and tubewells. River flows, primarily fed by snow ...

Rasheed, Bilhuda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

The people in the city of the nation : re-viewing Islamabad's fifth function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is about Islamabad's center. Islamabad is a city built from scratch. It was the "dream" of Ayub Khan-Pakistan's gregarious and globe-trotting general-cum-president-and the product of its chief master planner, ...

Mohr, Robert Allen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

160W 156W 160W 140W  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germany Pakistan Puerto Rico (USA) #12;PRIVATE · Accenture (Consultant) · Advanced Environmental Associate) · Environmental Consulting & Technology, Inc (Environmental Scientist) · GardenBleu Landscape) · Clean Energy Coalition (Project Associate) · Detroiters Working for Environmental Justice (Climate

Awtar, Shorya

210

Dr. Everett V. Richardson Dr. E.V. Richardson was born on January 5, 1924, in Scottsbluff, Nebraska to Tom and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on projects in Pakistan, Venezuela, Egypt, India, and Bangladesh. His career included 17 years with the Water was a Fellow ASCE, Honorary Diplomat Engineering Water Resources and received the Hans Albert Einstein Award

211

Army Veteran Gains Experience at EM Site | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Infantry Division (Duke Brigade) out of Fort Knox, Ky. "Our mission was to mentor and train the Afghan Border Police to better secure and defend the Pakistan border against...

212

Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer by Helen Caldicott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer By Helen CaldicottPakistan. Helen Caldicott. Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer.about the true costs of nuclear power, the health effects of

Mirza, Umar Karim

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The world of geography: Visualizing a knowledge domain with cartographic means  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...distribution recreation geography oil and gas industry historical geography...soil-vegetation modeling greenhouse gas emissions environmental...baseball delaunay pakistan missouri computer honolulu oklahoma...development cultural heritage missouri politics land use planning...

Andr Skupin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, March 7, 2012-Former New York Times reporter...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New York Times reporter Philip Taubman talks about the current state of nuclear threats, including Pakistan, North Korea, Iran, and the possibility of a nuclear 9-11 at a...

215

IBMR Updating to IBMR 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The last version of Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR) is based on data from 2000 (primarily the Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan and water-related data from the Water and Power Development Authority [WAPDA]) and earlier ...

Yu, Winston

216

Utilizing Solar Thermal Energy in Textile Processing Units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents the prospects of solar thermal energy utilization in the textile processing units in Pakistan. Various solar thermal technologies suitable for thermal energy production and their application...

Asad Mahmood; Khanji Harijan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

An Unending Mission to Contain the Stuff of Nuclear Nightmares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the Pelindaba attack showed, even...still leave nuclear sites vulnerable...threat of nuclear terrorism, he says...the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant in Pakistan...poses a high risk of nuclear terrorism. Terrorists...

Yudhijit Bhattacharjee

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

218

Crops for a Salinized World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...including Pakistan, India, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco...tolerate salinity require energy and therefore might...for animals, but also renewable energy (biofuel and biodiesel...traditional raw materials for energy productionoil...

Jelte Rozema; Timothy Flowers

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

219

Agricultural sustainability: concepts, principles and evidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Tanzania...Climate Change established an international policy context for the reduction...Burkina Faso's land policy and Sri Lanka and the Philippines...agricultural development. Access to international markets is clearly important...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Two Years in the Life of the Indus River Basin [book chapter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reviews the major challenges and current water and agriculture context, plans, and policies following difficult years of drought and catastrophic monsoon flooding in Pakistan's Indus Basin. The years from 2009 through 2011 ...

Yu, Winston

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Catalytic Effect of BL and BL+Ca Mixed Catalyst on Sulfur-Containing Gasses of Pakistani Lignite Chars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pakistan is abundant in natural coal reserves, has vast resources in all four provinces...1...], and has emerged as one of the leading country seventh in the list of top 20 countries of the world, after the dis...

G. R. Jaffri; J.-Y. Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

U.S. Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Imports  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Costa Rica 2004-2013 El Salvador 2004-2013 Guatemala 2012-2014 Jamaica 2004-2013 Netherlands 2006-2014 Nicaragua 2012-2014 Pakistan 2006-2006 Singapore 24 2014-2014 Trinidad...

223

Catalogue of Minor Planet Names and Discovery Circumstances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Smiley not only worked on the field of minor planet dynamics. He led 14 solar eclipse expeditions, in Peru, Canada, Brazil, Thailand, Pakistan, and the ... published in J.R. Astron. Soc. Canada, Vol. 72, p. 4647...

Lutz D. Schmadel

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Modeling Water, Climate, Agriculture, and the Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...

Yu, Winston

225

Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resilience (PPCR) Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Bangladesh, Bolivia, Cambodia, Dominica, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Papua New Guinea, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Yemen, Zambia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea

226

Paleotopography of glacial-age ice sheets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is technical comment and response to the subject of paleotophography of glacial age ice sheets. The model presented by Peltier reconstructing the paleotopography of glacial age ice sheets has implications for atmospheric general circulation models of ice age climate. In addition, the model suggests that the glacial-age Antarctic Ice Sheet was significantly larger than today`s. The commentor, Edwards, suggests there is a discrepancy between data from Papua New Guinea and the model results.

Edwards, R.L. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

1995-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

227

Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

xico, Veracruz 95701, Mexico. 13Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA. 14Nordic Foundation for Development and Ecology, DK-1159 Copenhagen, Denmark. 15Bart De Dijn Environmental Consultancy, Paramaribo, Suriname. 16Florida International University...Republic. 126University ofWashington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA. 127PNG Institute of Biological Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea. 128University of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname. 129113-3885 Richet Rd, Prince George, British Columbia V2K 2J2, Canada. 130...

Laurence, William F.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

News From the D.C. Office: Presidential Mission on Energy Investment in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. 3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. News From the D.C. Office Presidential Mission on Energy Investment in Pakistan Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary led a presidential mission on energy investment in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan September 19-25, 1994. Stephen Wiel, who heads the Energy and Environment Division's Washington D.C. Project Office, participated in the mission. It was the first visit to Pakistan by a U.S. cabinet member for a nonmilitary purpose: to build economic bridges and an enhanced business relationship between the two countries. Members of the mission were assigned to work on oil and natural gas, coal, rural development and renewables, energy efficiency and environment, and electricity (including generation, transmission, and distribution). Stephen

229

9 - Afghanistan Border Fixing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The international borders of Afghanistan were defined in late nineteenth century when the British Empire, in collaboration with the Russian and Persian empires, forced the present-day borders onto the greater Afghanistan region. Prior to border demarcation through foreign border commissions (British, Russian, Persian, Chinese), almost no Afghans were involved. Parts of the existing borders have remained highly contentious to this day, with the Durand-Line border between Afghanistan and Pakistan that was drawn to deliberately split the Pashtun tribes, being the most heated argument of the present time. Basically Afghanistan has opposed this border, whereas official Pakistan, wants to keep the border as is. This is precisely because the border does effectively divide the fractious Pashtuns and better enable the Punjabi-dominated government in Pakistan to keep control of its portion of the tribes. Partition of Afghanistan has been discussed repeatedly, particularly when conditions and politics have become extreme and violent.

John F. Shroder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Teleportation of an atomic momentum state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

axis, then it changes into 2p0 if there is a one-photon state inside the cavity, and remains p0 if the cavity field is in a vacuum state. Teleportation of an atomi Shahid Qamar,1,2 Shi-Yao Zhu 1Institute for Quantum Studies and Department.... Suhail Zubairy1,4 exas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 n Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, , Pakistan t University, Hong Kong, China m University, Islamabad, Pakistan ; published 22 April 2003! a superposition...

Qamar, S.; Zhu, S. Y.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Tenure in REDD | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in REDD in REDD Jump to: navigation, search Name Tenure in REDD Agency/Company /Organization International Institute for Environment and Development Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Presentation Website http://www.cbd.int/doc/meeting Country Brazil, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guyana, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea South America, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, South America, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Melanesia References Tenure in REDD[1] Tenure in REDD Screenshot Background "This report aims to take the debate forward by identifying: a typology of tenure regimes in rainforest countries and some of the challenges they

232

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Name Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials Website http://www.forestcarbonpartner Country Argentina, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Laos, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of the Congo, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam

233

ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Agency/Company /Organization ClimateWorks, Project Catalyst, McKinsey and Company Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Country Brazil, China, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea South America, Eastern Asia, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, South America, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, South-Eastern Asia, Central America, Melanesia References LCGP support[1] Low Carbon Growth Plans Advancing Good Practice, August 2009[2] Overview "Achieving development goals depends on enabling poorer countries to

234

Apidologie 40 (2009) 296312 Available online at: c INRA/DIB-AGIB/EDP Sciences, 2009 www.apidologie.org  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

years between 1880 and 1980 the South and Southeast Asian nations of In- dia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka population density, and in some countries such as Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh, rapid population growth con for nesting, and often involve reduction in food resources and the use of pesticides. In some cases, direct in

Boyer, Edmond

235

Visiting Researchers in FY2011 EuropeOceaniaMiddle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Decision Science and Technology Chemical Resources Laboratory Materials and Structures Bangladesh Mongolia Nepal Laos Pakistan 26 13 12 8 6 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Affiliation North America of Information Science and Engineering Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology Chemical Resources

236

Coping with changing water resources: The case of the Syr Darya river basin in Central Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coping with changing water resources: The case of the Syr Darya river basin in Central Asia A. Sorg adaptation measures will be needed to cope with changing water resources. In view of the geo, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan make up an area that is larger in size than India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Stoffel, Markus

237

International development projects, supporting education, health, business, children and more...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. We want to be sure that what we do makes a genuine difference in people. We will continue to invest our time, our resources, our passion and our commitment, building on our and management. Freely accessible learning resources The rise of Open Educational Resources (OERs) has created

Bandara, Arosha

238

Summary for Policymakers Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy,Yale University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control and natural resource management challenges. With budgetary constraints an issue around the world Pollution (effects on human health) · Air Pollution (ecosystem effects) · Water Resources (ecosystem effects Viet Nam 17 17 Mongolia 13 18 Bangladesh 5 19 China 20 20 Pakistan 16 21 India 19 East Europe & Central

Columbia University

239

Contact Us! The Center for South Asian Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emerging in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ne- pal, Bhutan, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka. Sponsored by the Duke Center for South Asian Studies, the Certificate will provide you with resources countries like India and Bangladesh have become key locations for international businesses looking to export

Zhou, Pei

240

JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [December 26, 1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2)Japan, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Sweden, Austria, and (6) Soviet Union.

NONE

1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Opportunities exist for the diversion of weapons-usable material at the front end of the fuel cycle, during which  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opportunities exist for the diversion of weapons-usable material at the front end of the fuel cycle of proliferation: The more places in which this work is done, the harder it is to monitor. Weapons have been, North Korea, Pakistan, and South Africa. (South Africa abandoned its nuclear weapons in 1991. Libya

Laughlin, Robert B.

242

A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams? TransAsia Pipeline System (TAPS): A Shared Natural Gas Pipeline situations where there are eager purchasers of natural gas (India and Pakistan), willing suppliers of natural

243

Vulture restaurants and their role in reducing diclofenac exposure in Asian vultures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vultures in Pakistan found that acute renal failure, manifested as visceral gout, was the proximate cause) field cases of visceral gout tested, whereas vultures dying from other causes were all negative for the drug (n 5 13). Subsequently, tissues collected from 14 vultures with visceral gout in India and Nepal

Johnson, Jeff A.

244

Genome Sequence of "Candidatus Frankia datiscae" Dg1, the Uncultured Microsymbiont from Nitrogen-Fixing Root Nodules of the Dicot Datisca glomerata  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Members of the noncultured clade of Frankia enter into root nodule symbioses with actinorhizal species from the orders Cucurbitales and Rosales. We report the genome sequence of a member of this clade originally from Pakistan but obtained from root nodules of the American plant Datisca glomerata without isolation in culture.

Persson, Thomas [Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Benson, David R [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Normand, Philippe [Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; Vanden Heuvel, Brian [Colorado State University, Pueblo CO; Pujic, Petar [Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; Chertkov, Olga [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Teshima, Hazuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pennacchio, Len [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Pawlowski, Katharina [Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Berry, Alison M [California Institute of Technology, University of California, Davis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

FEATURENEWS 6 5 4 | N A T U R E | V O L 4 9 1 | 2 9 N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Singapore Vietnam Pakistan Malaysia Philippines Thailand Taiwan Australia Indonesia SouthKorea Japan India. Coal reserves have not increased in size, but the supply will last for at least a cen- tury at current abundant supplies of fossil fuels. AFTERKYOTO The legacy of a climate treaty nature.com/kyoto Coal Oil

Toohey, Darin W.

246

A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

New Hampshire, University of

247

Agron. Sustain. Dev. 28 (2008) 299305 c INRA, EDP Sciences, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of compost enriched with N and L-tryptophan on soil and maize Rizwan Ahmad1 , Azeem Khalid1 , Muhammad Arshad, Pakistan (Accepted 3 December 2007) Abstract ­ Composting provides an excellent way to manage the huge volume of organic waste and convert it into a useful soil amendment. The effectiveness of composted

Boyer, Edmond

248

Project Management and Analysis Project Conception and Execution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TD 608 Project Management and Analysis Part I Project Conception and Execution Milind Sohoni of the paper? How does the author compare India and Pakistan? Do you agree with the cost-benefit analysis? What are your criticisms? Compare the CBA with our 6-goat system. Comment on the viability of the project

Sohoni, Milind

249

Summer 2014 BOSTONIA 11 In April The new  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the improvement of the human condi- tion around the globe, will open in the fall. Najam, a College of Arts numerous books and more than 100 scholarly articles exploring sustainable development, Muslim and South in Pakistan. "Mr. Pardee's generosity allows us to build something truly unique and meaningful," Najam says

250

Gamma-emitting radionuclides in the shallow marine sediments off the Sindh coast, Arabian Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Pakistan), the Bay of Bengal(18) and...absorbed gamma radiation outdoor dose rates (D...Norwegian Radiation Protection...estuary and the Bay of Bengal. Health...evaluation of the radiation hazard...Assessment of dose rate and...G. E. Estimation of radiation......

M. Akram; Riffat M. Qureshi; Nasir Ahmad; Tariq Jamal Solaija

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

JPRS report, nuclear developments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains articles concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China; (2) Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan; (3) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia; (4) Argentina, Brazil, Panama; (5) India, Iran, Pakistan, Israel, Afghanistan; (6) Soviet Union; (7) France, Germany, Turkey, Belgium, Canada, Netherlands, Switzerland, United Kingdom; and (8) South Africa.

NONE

1991-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

252

Assimilation of Heterogeneous Resources by Utilizing a Unified Format of XML for Constructing OLAP Cubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cubes Sohail Asghar Faculty of Engineering and Applied Sciences Mohammad Ali Jinnah University Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology Islamabad, Pakistan e-mail: rukhsanahunzai@hotmail.com Simon Fong Faculty of Science and Technology University of Macau Macau SAR e-mail: ccfong@umac.mo Abstract

Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

253

An Unending Mission to Contain the Stuff of Nuclear Nightmares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pelindaba attack showed...still leave nuclear sites vulnerable...levels of security than Pelindaba...of nuclear terrorism, he says...developing tighter security systems...the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant in Pakistan...poses a high risk of nuclear terrorism. Terrorists...achieve nuclear security, she says...

Yudhijit Bhattacharjee

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

254

Index of Books Reviewed in Science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...C. S. Hyneman (Univ. of Illinois Press), 13 Nov. 1959, 1333...in West Pakistan, 1955, H. Field (Peabody Museum), 10 July...s, J. IR. Calsd-xell (Illinois State NILIseCmL), 1 9 JtIne...1959, 787 S! 1i/)Opsi)ii oil SSociologiial/Theory, L...

1960-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

255

Nuclear proliferation after the Cold War  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today, former Soviet republics threaten to gain control over nuclear weapons sited on their territories, and reports on North Korea, Pakistan, India, and Iraq reveal current or recent weapon development programs. This document offers a timely assessment of the prospects for nuclear nonproliferation.

Reiss, M.; Litwak, R.S.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

NONE

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

A Look at the Consequences of Internet Censorship Through an ISP Lens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Internet censorship artificially changes the dynamics of resource production and consumption, affecting a range of stakeholders that include end users, service providers, and content providers. We analyze two large-scale censorship events in Pakistan: ... Keywords: censorship, content blocking, isp traffic, porn, video streaming

Sheharbano Khattak, Mobin Javed, Syed Ali Khayam, Zartash Afzal Uzmi, Vern Paxson

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Homage to Frank von Hippel Remarks at the dinner culminating the WWS-Bulletin Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that there should be zero nuclear testing below ground ­ zero, not even itty bitty nuclear tests below some low that could allow Americans to think of Russians as different enough that exterminating them in a nuclear war key country where nuclear weapons policy is alive: Russia, India, Pakistan, China, Japan, Brazil

259

Free-Space Optical High-Speed Link in the Urban Area of Southern Rome: Preliminary Experimental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free-Space Optical High-Speed Link in the Urban Area of Southern Rome: Preliminary Experimental Set is placed on water particle effects (fog and rain). A semi-empirical model evaluation of these atmospheric, Piazza Pakistan, height 50 m), and the headquarters of the Department of Foreign Trade (point C, Viale

Marzano, Frank Silvio

260

Population Processes Demographic Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicator is the best? A) Crude Birth Rate B) General Fertility Rate C) Age Specific Fertility Rate D) Total Fertility Rate E) Replacement Fertility 5 6 Measuring Fertility Crude Birth Rate General of Sudan (north) Nigeria Pakistan Kenya Philippines India Bangladesh Egypt Indonesia Mexico Russia Vietnam

Huang, Youqin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

arXiv:submit/0451583[physics.gen-ph]8Apr2012 Including Nuclear Degrees of Freedom in a Lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of condensed matter physics. In the Fleischmann­Pons excess heat effect [4, 5], a great deal of energy Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA E-mail: plh@mit.edu 2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology. Lahore, Pakistan Abstract. Motivated by many

Williams, Brian C.

262

Evidences of Evolution 1. African Elephants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Population density ·One tribe went bersek, as though more glucose was added at the 33k gen? ·Analyze ·Plate cultures vs Shake flask ·Ara+ = white colonies; Ara- = red colonies ·Founding population, 12 from Eocene beds of Africa and Pakistan (Drawing by Carl Buell) #12;OTHER EVOLUTION THEORIES

Mittal, Aditya

263

New constraints on upper-mantle S-velocity structure and crustal thickness of the Iranian plateau using partitioned waveform inversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......To evaluate the resolving power of the data set, various checkerboard...is more concerned than the restoration of the amplitude of anomalies...1900-1999, International Handbook of Earthquakes and Engineering...and Pakistan as an active arc system, Geology, 5, 664-668......

Navid Shad Manaman; Hossein Shomali; Hemin Koyi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Marine Fisheries On the cover: The queen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Pakistan Fish Rules, Caribbean Pollution, and Japan: Billfish, Surimi, and 1980 Imports 27 Pacific Salmonid. or to this publication furnished by NMFS, in any advertising or sales promotion which would indicate or imply that NMFS, or which has as its purpose an intent to cause directly or indirectly the advertised product to be used

265

USAID | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID USAID Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This web site contains high-resolution wind and solar resource maps and data for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). Source NREL Date Released December 26th, 2007 (6 years ago) Date Updated December 26th, 2007 (6 years ago) Keywords NREL pakistan solar SUNY SWERA USAID wind Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2007 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

266

Akhter Solar Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Akhter Solar Limited Akhter Solar Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Akhter Solar Limited Place Islamabad, Pakistan Product Owns a 3MW module assembly line in Pakistan, which uses Q-Cells cells. Coordinates 33.709839°, 73.075912° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.709839,"lon":73.075912,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

267

SUNY | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SUNY SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This web site contains high-resolution wind and solar resource maps and data for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). Source NREL Date Released December 26th, 2007 (7 years ago) Date Updated December 26th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords NREL pakistan solar SUNY SWERA USAID wind Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2007 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

268

Geospatial Data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Data Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This Geospatial Toolkit contains the lite (with lower resolution data) version of the GsT interfaced to HOMER for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). Source NREL Date Released December 31st, 2007 (7 years ago) Date Updated March 09th, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords Geospatial Data GIS NREL pakistan SUNY SWERA UNEP USAID Data application/zip icon Download Executable Toolkit & Documentation (zip, 16.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2007 - 2010

269

Visual representation of gender in flood coverage of Pakistani print media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies gender representation in the visual coverage of the 2010 floods in Pakistan. The data were collected from flood visuals published in the most circulated mainstream English newspapers in Pakistan, Dawn and The News. This study analyses how gender has been framed in the flood visuals. It is argued that visual representation of gender reinforces the gender stereotypes and cultural norms of Pakistani society. The gender-oriented flood coverage in both newspapers frequently seemed to take a reductionist approach while confining the representation of women to gender, and gender-specific roles. Though the gender-sensitive coverage displayed has been typical, showing women as helpless victims of flood, it has aroused sentiments of sympathy among readers and donors, inspiring them to give immediate moral and material help to the affected people. This agenda set by media might be to exploit the politics of sympathy but it has the effect of endorsing gender stereotypes.

Zarqa S. Ali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Hamdard University | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hamdard University Hamdard University Jump to: navigation, search Name Hamdard University Place Karachi, Pakistan Zip 74600 Sector Solar Product University setting up Pakistan's first solar lab. Coordinates 24.88978°, 67.028511° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.88978,"lon":67.028511,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

271

Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.responsibleasia.org Country Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam UN Region Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program[1] "The Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade (RAFT) is a five-year program funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development Regional Development Mission for Asia (USAID RDMA) in Bangkok. RAFT is managed by

272

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Saint Vincent and the Grenadines UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan

273

Copenhagen Accord NAMA Submissions Implications for the Transport Sector |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Copenhagen Accord NAMA Submissions Implications for the Transport Sector Copenhagen Accord NAMA Submissions Implications for the Transport Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Bridging the Gap: Copenhagen Accord NAMA Submissions Agency/Company /Organization: GTZ, Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP), Transport Research Laboratory(TRL), International Association for Public Transport (UITP), Veolia Transport Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Case studies/examples Website: www.transport2012.org/bridging/ressources/files/1/586,NAMA-submissions Country: Armenia, Botswana, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Jordan, Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Papua New Guinea, Sierra Leone, Singapore

274

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Western Pacific 2000 Western Pacific 2000 W. E. Clements, F. J. Barnes, L. Jones, and A. Haruta University of California Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico M. Ivey Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico P. Lefale South Pacific Regional Environment Programme Apia, Samoa Introduction The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Program is currently operating two Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Stations (ARCS) in the TWP locale. The first ARCS site was installed on Los Negros Island in Manus Province, Papua New Guinea (PNG), in October 1996. The Tropical Western Pacific Program Office (TWPPO) and the PNG National Weather Service (NWS) have collaborated in operating the Manus site since its installation. Located on Nauru

275

Property:EnergyAccessYearInitiated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnergyAccessYearInitiated EnergyAccessYearInitiated Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EnergyAccessYearInitiated Property Type Date Description Year Initiated Pages using the property "EnergyAccessYearInitiated" Showing 10 pages using this property. B Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project + 2009 + Burkina Faso Energy Access Project + 2007 + E Ethiopia Energy Access Project + 2005 + G Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) + 2007 + M Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project + 2006 + P Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities + 2012 + R Republic of Yemen Energy Access Project + 2006 + S Sri Lanka Credit to Connect + 2011 + T Tanzania Energy Development and Access Expansion Project + 2007 + V Viet Nam Rural Electrification + 2009 +

276

Darwin: The Third DOE ARM TWP ARCS Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Darwin: The Third DOE ARM TWP ARCS Site Darwin: The Third DOE ARM TWP ARCS Site W. E. Clements and L. Jones Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico T. Baldwin Special Services Unit Australian Bureau of Meteorology Melbourne, Australia K. Nitschke South Pacific Regional Environment Programme Apia, Samoa Introduction The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program began operations in its Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) locale in October 1996 when the first Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS) began collecting data on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Two years later, in November 1998 a second ARCS began operations on the island of Nauru in the Central Pacific. Now a third ARCS has begun collecting data in Darwin, Australia. See Figure 1 for

277

Section 50  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data from the First Tropical Western Pacific Data from the First Tropical Western Pacific Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station J. H. Mather and T. P. Ackerman Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania W. E. Clements and F. J. Barnes Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico M. D. Ivey Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico L. D. Hatfield Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington R. M. Reynolds Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction The first Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS) was installed during September 1996 in Manus Province, Papua New Guinea. The site is located at 2.06 south, 147.42 east in the heart of the Western Pacific warm pool region. This region is characterized by strong solar heating, high water vapor concentrations, and active convection. The sea

278

ARM - TWP Nauru Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nauru Site Nauru Site TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts TWP Nauru Site Location: 0° 31' 15.6" S, 166° 54' 57.60" E Altitude: 7.1 meters The Nauru facility was established in November 1998 as the second TWP climate research station. It is situated in the Denigomodu district on Nauru Island, the Republic of Nauru, which is located in the western South Pacific, approximately 1,200 miles northeast of Papua New Guinea. The ARM Program selected this location because it is on the eastern edge of the Pacific warm pool under La Niña conditions, which affect weather patterns

279

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities in APEC  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessments and Assessment Capabilities in APEC Assessments and Assessment Capabilities in APEC Economies Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities in APEC Economies Name Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities in APEC Economies Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Biomass Topics Resource assessment Website http://www.nrel.gov/internatio Country Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, United States, Vietnam Australia and New Zealand, South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Central America, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, , South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South-Eastern Asia

280

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.usaid.gov/rdma/documents/RDMA_Asia-Pacific_Climate_Change_Adaptati Country: China, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Laos, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Vanuatu UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References: Asia-Pacific Adaptation Assessment[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Biomass, Forestry Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type Training materials Website http://www.snvworld.org/en/sec Country Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Melanesia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References LEAF[1] "Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF), supported by USAID/RDMA, aims to strengthen the capacity of target countries to achieve meaningful and sustained reductions in GHG emissions from the forestry-land use sector

282

ARM - Visiting the TWP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PacificVisiting the TWP PacificVisiting the TWP TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Visiting the TWP Nauru Island from the air. Nauru Island from the air. The Tropical Western Pacific site consists of three diverse climate research facilities in Papua New Guinea, the Republic of Nauru, and Australia. Each facility has its own operating procedures and health and safety issues. Safety First! Before visiting any of the three TWP facilities, you must do the following: Submit a Site and Computer Access Request Form Read the Safety Plan for the facility you plan to visit: TWP Site Visit Safety Procedure

283

ARM - Blog Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4, 2013 [Blog] 4, 2013 [Blog] Recycling: A Lesson from Manus Island Bookmark and Share Guest post and photos by Chad Baldi, Project Engineer, ProSensing Inc. Three of us from ProSensing recently made a trip to Manus Island in Papua New Guinea to perform some upgrades to two ARM radars. We made a few interesting discoveries. In 2011, the ARM zenith cloud radar Ka-band antenna was replaced, and the old antenna was scrapped. As seen in the picture, the local villagers salvaged the scrapped antenna and are now using it to collect rain water for the community. The rain water drains off the roof of the house into the antenna, serving as a catch basin. When we told the property owner what a brand new antenna costs, he had a good laugh. The other photo is a picture of wood-crafted shed. This is an office/study

284

Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Name Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Biomass Topics Resource assessment Resource Type Dataset, Maps, Publications Website http://www.biofuels.apec.org/p Country Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, United States, Vietnam Australia and New Zealand, South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Central America, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, , South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South-Eastern Asia

285

TWP Nauru Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nauru Site Nauru Site TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts TWP Nauru Site Location: 0° 31' 15.6" S, 166° 54' 57.60" E Altitude: 7.1 meters The Nauru facility was established in November 1998 as the second TWP climate research station. It is situated in the Denigomodu district on Nauru Island, the Republic of Nauru, which is located in the western South Pacific, approximately 1,200 miles northeast of Papua New Guinea. The ARM Program selected this location because it is on the eastern edge of the Pacific warm pool under La Niña conditions, which affect weather patterns

286

C-Band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (C-SAPR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The C-band scanning ARM precipitation radar (C-SAPR) is a scanning polarimetric Doppler radar transmitting simultaneously in both H and V polarizations. With a 350-kW magnetron transmitter, this puts 125 kW of transmitted power for each polarization. The receiver for the C-SAPR is a National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) -developed Hi-Q system operating in a coherent-on-receive mode. The ARM Climate Research Facility operates two C-SAPRs; one of them is deployed near the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility near the triangular array of X-SAPRs, and the second C-SAPR is deployed at ARMs Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea.

Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

287

Complete genome sequence of Hippea maritima type strain (MH2T)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hippea maritima (Miroshnichenko et al. 1999) is the type species of the genus Hippea, which belongs to the family Desulfurellaceae within the class Deltaproteobacteria. The anaerobic, moderately thermophilic marine sulfur-reducer was first isolated from shallow-water hot vents in Matipur Harbor, Papua New Guinea. H. maritima was of interest for genome se- quencing because of its isolated phylogenetic location, as a distant next neighbor of the ge- nus Desulfurella. Strain MH2T is the first type strain from the order Desulfurellales with a com- pletely sequenced genome. The 1,694,430 bp long linear genome with its 1,723 protein- coding and 57 RNA genes consists of one circular chromosome and is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

Huntemann, Marcel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lu, Megan [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Hammon, Nancy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Deshpande, Shweta [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Cheng, Jan-Fang [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Liolios, Konstantinos [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pagani, Ioanna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ovchinnikova, Galina [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Chen, Amy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Palaniappan, Krishna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Jeffries, Cynthia [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Brambilla, Evelyne-Marie [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Rohde, Manfred [HZI - Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany; Spring, Stefan [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Goker, Markus [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bristow, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Eisen, Jonathan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Hugenholtz, Philip [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Klenk, Hans-Peter [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Hazardous waste management in the Pacific basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hazardous waste control activities in Asia and the Pacific have been reviewed. The review includes China (mainland, Hong Kong, and Taiwan), Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. It covers the sources of hazardous waste, the government structure for dealing with hazardous waste, and current hazardous waste control activities in each country. In addition, the hazardous waste program activities of US government agencies, US private-sector organizations, and international organizations are reviewed. The objective of these reviews is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current hazardous waste problems and the waste management approaches being used to address them so that new program activities can be designed more efficiently.

Cirillo, R.R.; Chiu, S.; Chun, K.C.; Conzelmann, G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carpenter, R.A.; Indriyanto, S.H. [East-West Center, Honolulu, HI (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: unfccc.int/home/items/5265.php Country: Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Armenia, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Democratic Republic of Congo, Costa Rica, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Gabon, Georgia (country), Ghana, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Madagascar, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Papua New Guinea, Peru, South Korea, Moldova, San Marino, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tunisia

290

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

, 2011 [Feature Stories and Releases] , 2011 [Feature Stories and Releases] AMIE, What You Wanna Do? Bookmark and Share Data spanning the Maldives to Papua New Guinea will help scientists analyze far-reaching tropical weather cycle This view shows a subset of the ARM Mobile Facility instruments operating at the Gan Island airport for the AMIE campaign. To see the complete collection, see the image set in Flickr. This view shows a subset of the ARM Mobile Facility instruments operating at the Gan Island airport for the AMIE campaign. To see the complete collection, see the image set in Flickr. Like the lyrics in the song from the 1970s, the ARM Mobile Facility is going to stay in the Maldives "for a while, maybe longer"-about six months, actually-in support of the ARM Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO)

291

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Island-Induced Cloud Plumes Influence Tropical Atmospheric Measurements, Island-Induced Cloud Plumes Influence Tropical Atmospheric Measurements, Surface Radiation Submitter: McFarlane, S. A., U.S. Department of Energy Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: McFarlane, S.A., Long, C.N., and Flynn, D., Nauru Island Effect Study, Fourteenth ARM Science Team Meeting, March 22 to 26, 2004, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Nauru Island, about 1,200 miles northeast of Papua New Guinea in the western South Pacific, is one of three instrumented island sites that comprise ARM's Tropical Western Pacific locale. A key objective of the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is to identify interactions between the processes that determine the radiative properties of an atmospheric column, including

292

Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development (LEAD) Program Development (LEAD) Program (Redirected from Low Emission Asian Development (LEAD) Program) Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Agency/Company /Organization ICF International, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Partner USFS, EPA, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.LowEmissionsAsia.or Country Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Melanesia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

293

Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Agency/Company /Organization ICF International, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Partner USFS, EPA, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.LowEmissionsAsia.or Country Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Melanesia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References LEAD Program[1]

294

Open space system study for the Dacca metropolitan area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department; ) (Iiember) (Eemb e r; ABSTRACT Open Space System Study for the Dacca Metropolitan Area (January 1/70) Wajeda J. Rab, B. Arch. , East Pakistan University of Engineering and Technology, Dacca; Directed by... compensation to the disappointment of the Moslems, Dacca University was established in 1ci12. This univer- sity became the nucleus of a new intellectual awareness in Eastern Bengal and inspired. the profuse publication of literary and political magazines...

Rab, Wajeda Jafar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

295

Global Chemical Composition of Ambient Fine Particulate Matter for Exposure Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This is in line with previous findings of high ambient PM2.5 exposure from biofuel burning(47, 48) and in addition to PM2.5 exposure from household air pollution. ... Cao, J.; Xu, H.; Xu, Q.; Chen, B.; Kan, H.Fine particulate matter constituents and cardiopulmonary mortality in a heavily polluted Chinese city Environ. ... Lahore, Pakistan is an emerging megacity that is heavily polluted with high levels of particle air pollution. ...

Sajeev Philip; Randall V. Martin; Aaron van Donkelaar; Jason Wai-Ho Lo; Yuxuan Wang; Dan Chen; Lin Zhang; Prasad S. Kasibhatla; Siwen Wang; Qiang Zhang; Zifeng Lu; David G. Streets; Shabtai Bittman; Douglas J. Macdonald

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

296

Global energy in transition: environmental aspects of new and renewable sources for development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Technical, development, and environmental aspects of the following alternative sources are assessed: solar energy, wind energy, energy from the oceans, hydropower, geothermal energy, biomass, fuelwood and charcoal, peat, oil shale and tar sands, and draft animal power. Policy issues for energy planning and development are presented for: rural energy, industry and transport, and financing new and renewable sources of energy. Summaries of the following national reports are included: China, Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, Jamaica, Korea, Pakistan, Peru, Sudan, and United States. (MHR)

Bassan, E.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Water and Nonwater-related Challenges of Achieving Global Sanitation Coverage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Long-term average annual runoff (Q) was used to represent renewable water resources(11). ... Twelve countries have both poor water quality and stressed populations of more than 1 million and have significant numbers of fishers: Morocco, Egypt, Niger, Sudan, Pakistan, Libya, India, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Kazakhstan, and China. ... Energy requirements for domestic water use associated with collection, storage, treatment, and transport, as well as providing water in sufficient quantities to transport human waste, also need to be considered. ...

Lauren M. Fry; James R. Mihelcic; David W. Watkins

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Standard costs for labor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STANDARD COSTS FOR LABOR A Thesis By MD. NURUL ABSAR KHAN Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texms in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... Administration and the government of East Pakistan. CONTENTS Chapter Page I. Introduction and Prelisd. nary Discussion II. Installation and Accounting Aspects of Standard Costs for Labor III, Recording~ Analysing and Reporting of Labor Vaxlances . 45 IV...

Khan, Mohammed Nurul Absar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

299

Salt Management for Sustainable Degraded Water Land Application under Changing Climatic Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The percentages of the soils with salinity problem on irrigated lands in different countries are 27% for India, 28% for Pakistan, 13% for Israel, 20% for Australia, 15% for China, 50% for Iraq, and 30% for Egypt. ... Currently, under changing climatic conditions, the trend is for surface waters to dramatically increase in salinity due to higher evaporations rates coinciding with increased average daily temperatures. ... Global warming leads to higher water demand for crop production. ...

Runbin Duan; Clifford B. Fedler

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

300

Freezing the fighting: Military disengagement on the Siachen Glacier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1984, India and Pakistan have confronted each other militarily for control over the Siachen Glacier and its approaches in the eastern Karakoram mountain range, adjacent to the borders of India, Pakistan, and China. The longest-running armed conflict between two regular armies in the twentieth century, the conflict in Siachen has resulted in hundreds of casualties, mainly because of adverse climatic conditions and harsh terrain. The economic cost of sustaining a conflict in that geographically remote and climatically inhospitable region has also been extremely high for both countries. Past efforts by India and Pakistan to find a mutually acceptable solution have failed, mainly because of mutual distrust and suspicion. This paper examines Indian and Pakistani perceptions, preference, and policies, and identifies options for resolving the conflict. This paper also identifies the most appropriate verification and monitoring technologies to assist policy-makers in ensuring agreement stability and compliance. While a future agreement on resolving the dispute will depend, above all, on the political will of the Indian and Pakistani leaderships, adequate, appropriate verification and monitoring mechanism will enhance their ability to reach a sustainable and durable accord of the Siachen conflict. 1 fig.

Ahmed, S. [Asia Foundation, Islamabad (Pakistan); Sahni, V. [Jawaharlal Nehru Univ., New Delhi (India)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Nuclear deterrence in South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Did India and Pakistan nearly fight a nuclear war in 1990? In a provocative 1993 article, Seymour M. Hersh claims that they did. During a crisis with India over the rapidly escalating insurgency in Kashmir, Pakistan openly deployed its main armored tank units along the Indian border and, in secret, placed its nuclear-weapons arsenal on alert. As a result, the Bush Administration became convinced that the world was on the edge of a nuclear exchange between Pakistan and India. Universe of cases is admittedly small, but my argument is supported by recent research indicating that preemptive attacks of any kind have been historically rarer than conventionally believed. The nuclear era has seen two instances of preventive attacks against nuclear facilities-the 1981 Israeli bombing of Iraq`s Osirak nuclear facility and the allied coalition`s 1991 air war against Iraq-but both of these actions were taken without fear of nuclear reprisal. In situations where nuclear retaliation has been a possibility, no leader of nuclear weapon state has chosen to launch a preemptive first strike. 97 refs.

Hagerty, D.T. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

302

Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

303

Uruguay-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uruguay-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Uruguay-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Uruguay-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

304

Dominican Republic-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominican Republic-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Dominican Republic-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominican Republic-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

305

Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

306

Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

307

Mexico-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Mexico-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

308

Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

309

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Jump to: navigation, search Name International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Agency/Company /Organization International Centre for International Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Resource Type Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.icimod.org/ Country Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan UN Region Southern Asia, Western Asia References ICIMOD[1] International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Screenshot "The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, ICIMOD, is a regional knowledge development and learning centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas - Afghanistan,

310

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix D - Sensitive Foreign Nations Control  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

D, Page 1 D, Page 1 SECTION J APPENDIX D SENSITIVE FOREIGN NATIONS CONTROL 1. Pursuant to the Contract Section I Clause entitled "Sensitive Foreign Nations Controls," "sensitive foreign nations" is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) Pakistan Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan 2. Due to the dynamic nature of world events, other countries may, at any time, become sensitive. Therefore, caution should be exercised with citizens of countries not listed above to

311

Philippines-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philippines-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Philippines-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Philippines-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

312

China-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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China-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) China-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name China-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

313

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

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Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

314

Energy Efficient Cities Initiative Project Database | Open Energy  

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Energy Efficient Cities Initiative Project Database Energy Efficient Cities Initiative Project Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Efficient Cities Initiative Project Database Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, Industry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: esmap.org/esmap/node/231 Country: India, South Africa, Colombia, China, United States, Mexico, Pakistan, Egypt, Brazil, New Zealand, Singapore, Japan, Australia UN Region: Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, South America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Australia and New Zealand

315

The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

316

Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

317

Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

318

Peru-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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Peru-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Peru-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

319

Quantum beat laser as a source of entangled radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum beat laser as a source of entangled radiation Shahid Qamar,1,* Fazal Ghafoor,1 Mark Hillery,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3,4,? 1Center for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Hunter College... of CUNY, 65 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10065, USA 3Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 4Texas A & M University at Qatar, Education City, P. O. Box 23874, Doha, Qatar #1...

Qamar, Shahid; Ghafoor, Fazal; Hillery, Mark; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

China's Energy Management System Program for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 | iipnetwork.org Waste Heat Recovery in Cement Market Status 4 5 7 15 24 9 12 24 26 739 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Rest of World Americas Europe Mid East Other Asia Pakistan Thailand Japan India China...MS Implementation guidance for Thermal Power EnMS Implementation guidance for Coke EnMS Implementation guidance Plate Coal Industry M&V guidance on energy performance 2015 EnMS Implementation guidance for Paper EnMS Implementation guidance...

Hedman, B.; Yu, Y.; Friedman, Z.; Taylor, R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Terrorism and Islamism: differences, dynamics and dilemmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper points out the increasing and erroneous conflation of Islamism with terrorism in mass media and policy-oriented conversations. It argues for a nuanced understanding of the differences between the different groups that are broadly categorised as 'Muslim fundamentalists' and suggests instead a finer reading of the context in which the various and vastly different groups operate. Focusing on the Islamists (amongst the various other kinds of Muslim groups) and building upon 13 months of intensive fieldwork in urban Lahore, the paper then attempts to point out the context, potential and limitations of a particular group, the Jama'at-e-Islami Pakistan.

Humeira Iqtidar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Global energy in transition. Environmental aspects of new and renewable sources for development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Sierra Club's compendium summarizes many of the documents presented at the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy, Nairobi, Kenya, August 1981. The summaries give special attention to the environmental benefits of many energy sources - solar, wind, ocean thermal, hydroelectric, geothermal, biomass, wood, peat, oil shale, tar sands, and draft animal. The Sierra Club also discusses the policy issues involved in energy planning and development and includes summaries of selected national reports on energy in China, Hungary, Jamaica, Korea, Pakistan, Peru, Sudan, the US and West Germany.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Atom localization and center-of-mass wave-function determination via multiple simultaneous quadrature measurements RID A-5077-2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology, G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Max-Planck-Institut f?r Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany 3Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 4Texas A&M University... at Qatar, Education City, P.O. Box 23874, Doha, Qatar #1;Received 5 December 2006; published 8 May 2007#2; We discuss localization and center-of-mass wave-function measurement of a quantum particle using multiple simultaneous dispersive interactions...

Evers, Joerg; Qamar, Shahid; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Entanglement of Gaussian states using a beam splitter RID A-4660-2010 RID B-8901-2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;2002#2;. #3;8#4; W. P. Schleich, Quantum Optics in Phase Space #1;Wiley, New York, 2001#2;. #3;9#4; S. M. Tan, D. F. Walls, and M. J. Collett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 252 #1;1991#2;. #3;10#4; B. C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6811 #1;1992#2;; B. C. Sanders, K...Entanglement of Gaussian states using a beam splitter Rabia Tahira,1 Manzoor Ikram,1 Hyunchul Nha,2,* and M. Suhail Zubairy1,2,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Texas A&M University...

Tahira, Rabia; Ikram, Manzoor; Nha, Hyunchul; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Russia`s Great Game in a nuclear South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lost in the noise of Pakistan`s nuclear weapon tests in the western Baluchistan desert on 28 and 30 May was a surprising diplomatic move by Russia. On 23 May, Russia became the first state to express its willingness to recognize India as a nuclear-weapon state, provided that India commits itself to the international nonproliferation regime. Russia`s Ambassador to India, Albert Chernyshev, stated in the days after the Indian but before the Pakistani nuclear tests that ``India proclaimed itself a nuclear weapons power. One now hopes that India will behave as a nuclear weapons power by acting responsibly. Every nuclear weapons state has some rights. But for getting recognition it must have some obligations. Once it is ready to show these obligations by joining the nonproliferation regime, its recognition as a nuclear weapons power will follow.`` Russia`s Great Game in South Asia in pursuit of short-term economic and other interests appears to be a serious obstacle on the path to dealing effectively with the South Asian nuclear crisis. Grave damage to security, stability and nonproliferation has already resulted from India`s and Pakistan`s actions, but the situation does not have to spiral out of control. It is imperative that the international community respond appropriately to this challenge. The international community is at a crossroads and Russia`s actions will be critical. Will it be willing to go beyond the narrow economic and political calculations reflected in its diplomatic posturing, and take actions that will serve its long-term interests by bridging differences with other great powers in order to demonstrate to India that it has not chosen the right path. If Russia decides it can gain from India`s current, perilous path and blocks or otherwise frustrates appropriate responses, the nuclear danger on the subcontinent will escalate and the global regimes to promote nonproliferation and to ban testing will be seriously, perhaps fatally, weakened with unpredictable regional and global effects.

Pilat, J.F.; Taylor, T.T. [International Inst. for Strategic Studies, London (United Kingdom)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

326

Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

327

Brazil-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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Brazil-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Brazil-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

328

Chile-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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Chile-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Chile-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Chile-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

329

India-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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India-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) India-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name India-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

330

Indonesia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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Indonesia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Indonesia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

331

Investigating possible wind energy potential to meet the power shortage in Karachi  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electricity is always considered as an important ingredient for development of a country. Energy deficit affects the growth rate of the country and causes discomfort to the consumer. The power shortage in Karachi, the largest city and economical hub of Pakistan, is highly hampering the progress of the city. Presently the energy deficit in the city is around 328MW. This paper presents an analytical analysis of incorporation of small residential windmills to reduce the power shortage in Karachi. To estimate the wind energy potential in the city, four years wind data is collected from Pakistan Metrological Department (PMD) at various heights (10m, 30m, 50m, 75m and 100m). The statistical calculations on wind data using SPSS software show that the city has an enormous wind potential available. A case study is also carried to show the effect of incorporation of small residential wind mills in power system. The results shows 1678MWh of energy could be saved if 50% of residential consumers are equipped with small windmills. The paper also discusses the possible resistance in the introduction of small residential windmills in domestic sector. The potential benefits to the utility and consumers are also presented in this paper.

M.M. Aman; G.B. Jasmon; A. Ghufran; A.H.A. Bakar; H. Mokhlis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Wind pumps for irrigating greenhouse crops: Comparison in different socio-economical frameworks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple methodology was used to compare the economic feasibility of wind pump technology, solar photovoltaic pumping, diesel generators, and connection to the electrical grid to provide energy for pumping irrigation water in commercial greenhouses in Spain, Cuba and Pakistan (countries with different developmental backgrounds). The analysis took into account wind resources, distance to the grid, water storage tank volume requirements, and planting dates. Comparisons were made in terms of the levelised cost of energy associated with each system. For all three countries, if a grid connection was already in place, installing wind pumps would be economically unwise. Where no grid connection exists, the distance to the grid and the wind resource available are key factors to be taken into consideration when deciding between options: a 10% increase in the average wind speed is equivalent to a 20% reduction in the distance to the grid in terms of costs return. Finally, the water elevation has a major influence on the economic feasibility of wind pump technology, much more than, for example, on solar photovoltaic pumping technology. The results reveal that, generally, the critical factors to consider when making energy management decisions differ depending between countries. In Spain, the proximity of the electrical grid makes the connection to it the best option. In Pakistan, scarce wind resources are a serious limiting factor. Cuba, however, has good wind resources; water elevation, distance to the grid and water storage needed are the critical factors when determining the economic feasibility of wind pumping there.

Rodrigo Daz-Mndez; Adnan Rasheed; Manuel Peilln; Alicia Perdigones; Ral Snchez; Ana M. Tarquis; Jos L. Garca-Fernndez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Cooperative Mmonitoring Center Occasional Paper/5: Propspects of Conventional Arms Control in South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intensely adversarial relationship between India and Pakistan is marked by military rivalry, mutual distrust, and suspicion. The most dividing disagreement has been over the Kashmir region. An inability to discuss the Kashmir issue has prevented discussion on other important issues. Since there is little prospect of detente, at least in the near-term, the question is whether this rivalry can be contained by other means, such as arms control approaches. Conventional arms control has been applied flexibly and successfully in some regions to reduce threat-perceptions and achieve reassuring military stability. Some lessons from other international models might be applied to the India/Pakistan context. This paper discusses the status of conventional arms control in South Asia, the dominant Indian and Pakistani perceptions about arms control, the benefits that could be derived from arms control, as well as the problems and prospects of arms control. It also discusses existing conventional arms control agreements at the regional and global levels as well as the potential role of cooperative monitoring technology.

Gupta, Amit; Kamal, Nazir

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

335

Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Zambia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

336

Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Jamaica UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

337

Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Haiti UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

338

Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Saint Lucia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

339

Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Grenada UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

340

Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Mozambique UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

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341

Poverty and Forests Linkages | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poverty and Forests Linkages Poverty and Forests Linkages Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Poverty and Forests Linkages Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Partner: Program on Forests Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.profor.info/profor/Documents/pdf/livelihoods/PovertyForestsLinkage Country: India, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Guinea, Laos, Tanzania Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Melanesia, Western Africa, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa Coordinates: 28.86°, 81.56° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":28.86,"lon":81.56,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

342

Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Dominica UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

343

Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Yemen UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

344

Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Samoa UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

345

Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

346

Experimental study of boninite genesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seven boninitic compositions from 4 localities, i.e., Troodos (arakapas and Margi), Cyprus (2), Setouchi volcano belt, Japan (2), Bonin Island (1) and Cape Vogel, Papua New Guinea (2), ranging from high-CaO, low-SiO/sub 2/ to low-CaO, high SiO/sub 2/ and showing characteristics of primitive magmas, have been studied in gas-mixing furnaces at 1 atm. and in IHPV experiments between 1 and 10 kbar. Experimental starting materials were 9-element gels with major element compositions equivalent to the natural rocks. At 1 atm. Troodos (Arakapas) and the two Japan samples show opx/clino-en. with olivine in a near liquidus temperature interval (1210-1275 C), whereas the Troodos (Margi), the Bonin and the two Cape Vogel samples only give opx/clino-en. with liquidus temperatures between 1250 and 1380. Two kinds of IHPV experiments were done; firstly a study of near liquidus phase relations and secondly, reequilibration of starting compositions with natural harzburgite capsule linings, both at variable P, T and X/sub water/ conditions. Magma compositions can be explained in terms of P, T, X/sub water/ conditions and extend of melting of a variably refractory mantle source.

Van Der Laan, S.R.; Flower, M.F.J.; Koster Van Groos, A.F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

A P2 and P3 substrate specificity comparison between the Murray Valley encephalitis and West Nile virus NS2B/NS3 protease using C-terminal agmatine dipeptides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) and the West Nile virus (WNV) are mosquito-borne single-stranded RNA Flaviviruses responsible for many cases of viral encephalitis and deaths worldwide. The former is endemic in north Australia and Papua New Guinea while the latter has spread to different parts of the world and was responsible for a recent North American outbreak in 2012, resulting in 243 fatalities. There is currently no approved vaccines or drugs against MVEV and WNV viral infections. A plausible drug target is the viral non-structural NS2B/NS3 protease due to its role in viral replication. This trypsin-like serine protease recognizes and cleaves viral polyproteins at the C-terminal end of an arginine residue, opening an avenue for the development of peptide-based antivirals. This communication compares the P2 and P3 residue preferences of the MVEV and WNV NS2B/NS3 proteases using a series of C-terminal agmatine dipeptides. Our results revealed that both viral enzymes were highly specific toward lysines at the P2 and P3 positions, suggesting that a peptidomimetic viral protease inhibitor developed against one virus should also be active against the other.

Melgious Jin Yan Ang; Zhitao Li; Huichang Annie Lim; Fui Mee Ng; Siew Wen Then; John Liang Kuan Wee; Joma Joy; Jeffrey Hill; C.S. Brian Chia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Tajikistan UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

349

Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Bolivia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

350

Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Niger UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

351

ESMAP-Energy Efficiency Case Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ESMAP-Energy Efficiency Case Studies ESMAP-Energy Efficiency Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: ESMAP-Energy Efficiency Case Studies Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy, Water Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, Transportation Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: www.esmap.org/esmap/node/1222 Country: United States, Ukraine, India, Germany, China, Pakistan, Japan, Sweden, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Colombia, Brazil, Egypt, Armenia, South Africa, Mexico Cost: Free Northern America, Eastern Europe, Southern Asia, Western Europe, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, Northern Europe, South-Eastern Asia, Australia and New Zealand, Australia and New Zealand, South America, South America, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Southern Africa, Central America

352

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit (Redirected from Geospatial Toolkits) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

353

Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asian Cities Asian Cities Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank, World Bank, United States Agency for International Development Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health Website http://www.cleanairnet.org/cai Program Start 2001 Country Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam UN Region Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, "Pacific" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

354

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit (Redirected from GsT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

355

Seventeenth-century Islamic brassmakers were far ahead of European peers,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seventeenth-Century Islamic Brassmakers Were Far Ahead of European Peers, Seventeenth-Century Islamic Brassmakers Were Far Ahead of European Peers, Engineers Say Archaeometallurgists announce findings after four-year study of astrolabes Public release date: 25-May-2005 Contact: Kurt Pfitzer kap4@lehigh.edu 610-758-3017 Lehigh University Manufacturers of brass astrolabes in 17th-century India were two centuries more advanced than their European peers, says a doctoral student at Lehigh University who just completed a four-year study of astrolabes. Photo: A hanging astrolabe at the Jantar Mantar Brian Newbury, who earned a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering in May, said the high zinc content in astrolabes fabricated in Lahore (now in Pakistan) proves that brass made there in the early 1600s was produced by a co-melting technique

356

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

357

Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) -  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Full report (64.9 mb) Full report (64.9 mb) Overview (2.14 mb) Chapter breakdowns by country: I-III - Canada, Mexico, Australia (15.0 mb) IV-VII - N. South America, Argentina, Brazil, Other S. South America (8.33 mb) VIII-XIII - Poland, Russia, Eastern Europe, United Kingdom, Spain, Northern and Western Europe (13.5 mb) XIV-XIX - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, South Africa (14.3 mb) XX-XXVI - China, Mongolia, Thailand, Indonesia, India/Pakistan, Jordan, Turkey (13.0 mb) Previous Report April 5, 2011 (16.8 mb) Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources: An Assessment of 137 Shale Formations in 41 Countries Outside the United States Release date: June 10, 2013 Updated: June 13, 2013 Table 5 corrected Executive summary This report provides an initial assessment of shale oil resources and

358

Demilitarization of the Siachen conflict zone : concepts for implementation and monitoring.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pakistani and Indian militaries have been occupying the Siachen Glacier and surrounding regions for decades. Although a cease-fire is in place, continued occupation carries the risk of an inadvertent conflict, which could escalate into a full-fledged nuclear-backed confrontation. Political and military analysts in Pakistan and India now question the strategic significance of the Siachen Glacier and agree that under the right circumstances, military withdrawal from the Siachen Glacier region would not adversely affect either state. The difficulty lies in conducting the withdrawal in such a way that neither side feels vulnerable, and in maintaining the demilitarization in a way that can be verified. In this paper, the authors who have both held command responsibilities in the Siachen Glacier region present a process for conducting and verifying the demilitarization of the Siachen Glacier region. The authors discuss the role of monitoring and verification tools and their relevance to this border zone of conflict.

Kanwal, Gurmeet (Indian Army); Hakeem, Asad (Pakistan Army); Vannoni, Michael Geoffrey; Rajen, Gaurav

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Cockpit learning in power distant cockpits: The interaction effect of pilot's interdependence and inclination to teamwork in airline industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cockpit learning is an essential feature of flying profession, but it may be hampered by power distance in the cockpit due to captain/co-pilot subordination. Speaking-up to the captain may be difficult for some co-pilots but not speaking-up resulted in numerous aircraft accidents. This research examines cockpit learning among airline pilots and assumes that power distance reduces cockpit learning whereas pilot's interdependence and pilot's inclination towards teamwork can counter balance it. The study develops a short cockpit-learning-scale and validates it through a stratified sample of 231 pilots chosen from British Airways, Pakistan International Airline and Saudi Arabian Airline. Data analysis indicated a strong negative influence of power distance on cockpit learning, and significant interaction effect of pilot's interdependence and pilot's inclination towards teamwork. Together, the findings suggest that pilot's interdependence and inclination towards teamwork significantly minimize the negative influence of power distance on cockpit learning.

Muhammad Aftab Alam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Deterrence versus Preemption: Assessing U.S. Nuclear Policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since coming into office in 2001, the Bush administration has enacted a series of controversial policies designed to create a more robust and more usable nuclear arsenal. From requiring new nuclear strike capabilities (including against non-nuclear countries), to threatening preemptive attacks, to investing billions of dollars in rebuilding the nuclear weapons production complex, the administration is systematically strengthening the role nuclear weapons play in defending the United States and its interests around the world. This presentation examines those policies and the thinking that underlies them. It questions the effectiveness of the administration's approach and explores some of the unintended consequences vis-a-vis U.S. policy toward North Korea, Iraq, Pakistan, and others. Finally, it takes a detailed look at current efforts to develop a new low-yield earth-penetrating nuclear weapon to destroy hardened underground facilities, assessing the feasibility of such a device and the potential effects of its use.

Schwartz, Stephen (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists) [Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

2003-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Sustainable Development Strategy for South Asia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Sustainable Development Strategy for South Asia Agency/Company /Organization AIT-UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Sector Energy, Land Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.rrcap.unep.org/nsds Country Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka UN Region South-Eastern Asia References AIT-UNEP RRC.AP[1] Purpose "This document is expected to provide the strategic direction for the pursuit of sustainable development in the SAS. It is important to note that this document addresses the issues at the sub-regional level, building upon national level issues and policies but particularly addressing those transcending and common to the countries in the SAS. It is expected that

362

South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development (SARI/Energy) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development (SARI/Energy) Name South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development (SARI/Energy) Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1] Abstract SARI/Energy is at the center of efforts to strengthen public-private sector partnerships and regional economic cooperation. By promoting rational use of regional energy supplies, SARI/Energy contributes to energy security, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and overall improvements in environmental quality and human health in the region.

363

The formation and maintenance of single-thread tie channels entering floodplain lakes: observations from three diverse river systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tie channels connect rivers to floodplain lakes on many lowland rivers and thereby play a central role in floodplain sedimentology and ecology, yet they are generally unrecognized and little studied. here we report the results of field studies focused on tie channel origin and morphodynamics in three contrasting systems: the Middle Fly River, Papua New Guinea, the Lower Mississippi River, and Birch Creek in Alaska. Across these river systems, tie channels vary by an order of magnitude in size but exhibit the same characteristic morphology and appear to develop and evolve by a similar set of processes. In all three systems, the channels are characterized by a narrow, leveed single-thread morphology with maximum width approximately one tenth the width of the mainstem river. The channels typically have a V shaped cross-section, unlike most fluvial channels. These channels develop as lakes become isolated from the river by sedimentation. Narrowing of the connection between river and lake causes a sediment-laden jet to develop. Levees develop along the margins of the jet leading to channel emergence and eventual levee aggradation to the height of the mainstem levees. Bi-directional flow in these channels is common. Outflows from the lake scour sediment and prevent channel blockage. We propose that channel geometry and size are then controlled by a dynamic balance between channel narrowing by suspended sediment deposition and incision and widening by mass failure of banks during outflows. Tie channels are laterally stable and may convey flow for hundreds to a few thousand of years.

Rowland, Joel C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dietrich, William E [UC BERKELEY; Day, Geoff [NEWCREST MINING; Parker, Gary [UNIV OF ILLINOIS

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Radiative Heating of the ISCCP Upper Level Cloud Regimes and its Impact on the Large-scale Tropical Circulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiative heating profiles of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud regimes (or weather states) were estimated by matching ISCCP observations with radiative properties derived from cloud radar and lidar measurements from the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites at Manus, Papua New Guinea, and Darwin, Australia. Focus was placed on the ISCCP cloud regimes containing the majority of upper level clouds in the tropics, i.e., mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), deep cumulonimbus with cirrus, mixed shallow and deep convection, and thin cirrus. At upper levels, these regimes have average maximum cloud occurrences ranging from 30% to 55% near 12 km with variations depending on the location and cloud regime. The resulting radiative heating profiles have maxima of approximately 1 K/day near 12 km, with equal heating contributions from the longwave and shortwave components. Upper level minima occur near 15 km, with the MCS regime showing the strongest cooling of 0.2 K/day and the thin cirrus showing no cooling. The gradient of upper level heating ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 K/(day?km), with the most convectively active regimes (i.e., MCSs and deep cumulonimbus with cirrus) having the largest gradient. When the above heating profiles were applied to the 25-year ISCCP data set, the tropics-wide average profile has a radiative heating maximum of 0.45Kday-1 near 250 hPa. Column-integrated radiative heating of upper level cloud accounts for about 20% of the latent heating estimated by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR). The ISCCP radiative heating of tropical upper level cloud only slightly modifies the response of an idealized primitive equation model forced with the tropics-wide TRMM PR latent heating, which suggests that the impact of upper level cloud is more important to large-scale tropical circulation variations because of convective feedbacks rather than direct forcing by the cloud radiative heating profiles. However, the height of the radiative heating maxima and gradient of the heating profiles are important to determine the sign and patterns of the horizontal circulation anomaly driven by radiative heating at upper levels.

Li, Wei; Schumacher, Courtney; McFarlane, Sally A.

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capacitor and Current Capacitor and Current Name: Hadia Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Pakistan Date: Spring 2012 Question: How exactly can current pass through a capacitor? Be it A.C or D.C. Even if we consider the general logic that current 'flows through' a capacitor as it charges and discharges via A.C, then in what does the discharged current flow. If it flows through, shouldn't power be dissipated. And if it flows back and what is the use of a capacitor? Even if you say, it flows through, how would you explain it in terms of individual charges? Replies: Hadia, Your question is a natural one because it appears that current flows "through" a capacitor. Indeed, we treat capacitors as though they are resistors in which individual electrons enter on one terminal and exit through the other. A capacitor operates differently. The word "capacitor" implies a device that has "capacity," or a device that has the capability to store a certain amount of charge, somewhat like a "charge bucket." In fact, the formula for capacitance, Q=CV, implies just this storage: The charge stored by a capacitor (Q measured in Coulombs) is given by its capacitance (C measured in Farads) multiplied by the voltage applied to the capacitor (V measured in Volts). Current does not flow through the capacitor as much as into the plates of the capacitor, i.e., into its "charge bucket."

366

General Category  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Body Buffer Action Body Buffer Action Name: Sitwat Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: Pakistan Date: Spring 2012 Question: If we eat or drink something that is acidic in nature,then to neutralize its effect can we eat or drink that is basic in nature? what will be its effect on humans and animals? I know it is a thing for which an experiment is necessary only then we can conclude some idea but what does your mind say about this? In this case, will base and acid react to form salt and water in an organism's body? this rises one more question that if this reaction occurs, the salt concentration may also increase in the body, will it be suitable for that organism... Replies: Hi Sitwat, What you propose does in fact happen. When temporary acidic buildup occurs in the stomach, the person feels "heartburn". They remedy that by taking antacids, usually a calcium containing weak base. The result is formation of a salt and water. Heartburn goes away, humans tolerate this very well.

367

Evaluation of energy system analysis techniques for identifying underground facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of a study to determine the feasibility and potential usefulness of applying energy system analysis techniques to help detect and characterize underground facilities that could be used for clandestine activities. Four off-the-shelf energy system modeling tools were considered: (1) ENPEP (Energy and Power Evaluation Program) - a total energy system supply/demand model, (2) ICARUS (Investigation of Costs and Reliability in Utility Systems) - an electric utility system dispatching (or production cost and reliability) model, (3) SMN (Spot Market Network) - an aggregate electric power transmission network model, and (4) PECO/LF (Philadelphia Electric Company/Load Flow) - a detailed electricity load flow model. For the purposes of most of this work, underground facilities were assumed to consume about 500 kW to 3 MW of electricity. For some of the work, facilities as large as 10-20 MW were considered. The analysis of each model was conducted in three stages: data evaluation, base-case analysis, and comparative case analysis. For ENPEP and ICARUS, open source data from Pakistan were used for the evaluations. For SMN and PECO/LF, the country data were not readily available, so data for the state of Arizona were used to test the general concept.

VanKuiken, J.C.; Kavicky, J.A.; Portante, E.C. [and others

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A practical profile of integrated safety assessment of near-surface disposal of radwaste at  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Near-surface or shallow land disposal of radioactive waste has been the primary practice at the Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH). The adopted choice of this mode of disposal has been based on a study of the site and the quality and quantity of waste generated at the 5MW reactor with HEU fuel. Specific measures regarding the radiation safety of the workers and environmental protection have been adopted. The waste disposal operations are conducted to meet local regulatory requirements, IAEA recommendations and internationally endorsed principles such as ALARA (as low as reasonably achievableeconomic, social and other relevant factors being considered). The data obtained through the years of operational and management experience have manifested the robustness of the disposal system and reliability of the disposal criterion, and have also served to further refine the latter. Consequently, confidence in the current shallow-land-burial practices has increased. Radiological safety of these practices has been assessed by addressing different aspects of the safety and disposal system. These parameters, as indices of a non-exclusive and operational safety model, are presented.

F Jan; S S Ahmad; S M Hasany; M Aslam

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Tecno-economic assessment of an off-grid PV-powered community kitchen for developing regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, around 1.44 billion people have still no access to electricity, most of them living in rural areas in South and Southeast Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The major residential energy consumption in these regions is for cooking. This energy demand is covered by firewood, agricultural residues and/or animal dung, implying often exhausting work for the collection and causing deforestation. Solar thermal cooking systems have been developed and promoted, although their success has been limited. This paper follows another solar cooking approach by evaluating the option of combining an off-grid PV system (PV generator+battery) with very low demand electric cooking appliances. The PV-battery system to supply the load demand for the electric cooking appliances for communities of 50 persons has been calculated. Thereby, the five countries with the highest population without access to electricity have been taken into account: India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nigeria. The levelized energy cost is around 3 c per meal or less and the life cycle emissions of the PV-battery system (manufacturing, transport and decommissioning) are around 7 gCO2 per meal.

Rodolfo Dufo-Lpez; Ghassan Zubi; Gian Vincenzo Fracastoro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Markets for coal and coal technologies in Asian and Pacific Basin countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a new market analysis available from the Utility Data Institute (UDI), Viking Systems International (VSI) of Pittsburgh, PA, argues that the nations in the Pacific Basin and South Asia provide an exciting market opportunity for vendors and suppliers of coal power technology, services, and fuel. Critical market factors for increased coal use include: (1) availability of domestic coal resources; (2) price of competing fuels; (3) infrastructure for mining and transportation; (4) environmental regulations concerning coal use; and (5) the development and application of new coal technologies. An overview is presented of the current energy situation and future development options in thirteen different countries: Afghanistan, Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, Philippines, Republic of China (Taiwan), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Thailand. More than 150 detailed tables, charts, and maps present analyses of existing coal reserves, coal characteristics, domestic energy production by fuel mix, energy consumption, electric power generation, and regulatory practices in each country. The report was developed by VSI from two computerized data bases---one on coal characteristics and reserves, the other on electric utilities and power plants in Asian countries. A chapter in the report describes the data bases in more detail.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Little study sees large growth in Asian natural gas market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power capacity additions in Asia will at least triple by 2010, and Arthur D. Little Inc. predicts natural gas can pick up a good 15 percent of that market. The study predicts Asia potentially will need 720 gigawatts of new power generation by 2010, of which 15 percent may be gas-based. This represents a market three times the size of the US market in the same period, and would require more than $1 trillion in investment to finance the power generation projects alone. Six forces are driving new market opportunities for natural gas in Asia, and have set the stage for major investments in Asian gas-based power generation. They are: New technologies; growing environmental pressures; privatization; alternative energy pricing; gas availability; and continued economic growth. Japan, South Korea and Taiwan already have large, well-established markets for both gas and power that provide minimal opportunities for foreign investment. But the rest of Asia - specifically, India, Pakistan, the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, the People's Republic of China, Thailand, Bangladesh and Myanmar - is still relatively undeveloped, the study said, and gas is emerging as an energy import substitute or export earner. The study found those countries will turn increased environmental awareness and concern into legislation as their economic prosperity grows, leading to a higher future value for natural gas relative to other fuels. Stricter emissions standards will favor gas over diesel, fuel oil and coal.

O'Driscoll, M.

1993-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

373

Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Quarterly report, January-March 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data on coal characteristics, resources and environmental aspects were gathered previously for India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Afghanistan and Colombia. The relevant data from the information obtained on these countries was retrieved, summarized and transmitted for inclusion in the PETC coal database. Coal deposits and their locations on national maps were also provided. The data on coal characteristics was stored in a computerized database. Data has now been gathered for the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Australia, and People's Republic of China (China). Data for 104 developing countries was obtained from the World Bank on energy inputs to electric utilities. This data was entered into a computerized database prepared at Viking. The data includes types of fuel input for electricity generation, power plant capacities, total electricity generation, system frequencies, etc. The user can extract information of his/her choice from the database in a spreadsheet format, which can then be interfaced with a graphics software package to obtain a pictorial representation of the data.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as a knowledge learning tool. This tool may be used as a standard document for selection and promotion of employees.

Muhammad Sohail; Abdur Rashid Khan

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

Not Available

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

International energy outlook. Volume 1. Mideast, Far East, and Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The developing nations of the Mideast, Far East, and Africa face a bleaker - and more-complicated - energy picture than that of the West. Rapid industrial and agricultural expansion in the region severely drains already-inadequate energy systems. Energy-importing countries find they must diversify and develop indigenous resources, but often lack the technical known-how to do so. Volume 1 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the way 22 countries in the Mideast, Far East, and Africa are responding to the energy problems. The countries covered are: Algeria, Australia, Burma, China, Egypt, Gabon, India, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Mozambique, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sudan, Taiwan, Tunisia and Turkey. The range and detail of country reports vary, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations, its main emphasis is on the future, including estimates of future production and consumption, and descriptions of energy development plans. Some of the countries in this region are fortunate to have petrochemical resources, while electric energy expansion is crucial to national development in all. Coal will be filling the gap left by diminishing oil supplies. 61 tables.

Jablonski, D.M. (ed.)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Avian feathers as a non-destructive bio-monitoring tool of trace metals signatures: A case study from severely contaminated areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The concentrations of trace metals were assessed using feathers of cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis), collected within two industrial areas of Pakistan, Lahore and Sialkot. We found, in order of descending concentration: Zinc (Zn), Iron (Fe), Nickel (Ni), Copper (Cu), Cadmium (Cd), and Manganese (Mn), Chromium (Cr), Arsenic (As), and Lithium (Li), without any significant difference (except Fe, Zn, and Ni) between the two areas. The concentrations of trace metals, we recorded were among the highest ever reported in the feathers of avian species worldwide. The concentrations of Cr, Pb, Cd were above the threshold that affects bird reproductive success. The high contamination by heavy metals in the two areas is due to anthropogenic activities as well to natural ones (for As and Fe). The bioaccumulation ratios in eggs and feathers of the cattle egret, their prey, and the sediments from their foraging habitats, confirmed that avian feathers are a convenient and non-destructive sampling tool for the metal contamination. The results of this study will contribute to the environmental management of the Lahore and Sialkot industrial areas.

Muhammad Abdullah; Mauro Fasola; Ashiq Muhammad; Salman Ahmad Malik; Nazish Bostan; Habib Bokhari; Muhammad Aqeel Kamran; Mustafa Nawaz Shafqat; Ambreen Alamdar; Mudassar Khan; Nadeem Ali; Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

North Korea: The next nuclear nightmare  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crisis in the Persian Gulf has reawakened concerns over the spread of nuclear arms. Even before its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq's history of aggression and support for international terrorism triggered fears in Washington that its acquisition of nuclear weapons might damage international stability and US interests far more than the emergence of India, Israel, Pakistan, and South Africa as de facto nuclear powers. Thus, when the Gulf War began on January 16, Iraq's nuclear sites were among the first attacked by allied air strikes. Unfortunately, Iraq has not been the only hostile proliferator looming on the horizon. North Korea, which has been no less dedicated than Iraq to the use of violence to advance its expansionist goals, has also tenaciously pursued a nuclear-weapons capability. Moreover, the North Korean program is considerably closer to bearing fruit than the Iraqi effort. And although North Korea, like Iraq, has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, unlike Iraq it has refused to conclude the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency that the treaty requires.

Spector, L.S.; Smith, J.R.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever infections reported by ProMED  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SummaryObjective There are limited sources describing the global burden of emerging diseases. We reviewed the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) infections reported by ProMED and assessed the reliability of the data retrieved compared to published reports. We evaluated the effectiveness of ProMED as a source of epidemiological data by focusing on CCHFV infections. Methods Using the keywords Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever and Crimean Congo in the ProMED search engine, we reviewed all the information about the news and harvested data using a structured form, including year, country, gender, occupation, the number of infected individuals, and the number of fatal cases. Results We identified 383 entries reported between January 1998 and October 2013. A total 3426 infected cases were reported, with 451 fatal cases, giving an overall case fatality rate (CFR) of 13%. Out of 144 cases for which the gender was reported, 97 (67%) were male. Most of the cases were reported from Turkey, followed by Russia, Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Conclusions Case reporting systems such as ProMED are useful to gather information and synthesize knowledge on the emerging infections. Although certain areas need to be improved, ProMED provided good information about Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.

Yavuz Ince; Cagla Yasa; Mert Metin; Melda Sonmez; Ece Meram; Barlas Benkli; Onder Ergonul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Genetic diversity of Pakistani guava (Psidium guajava L.) germplasm and its implications for conservation and breeding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cultivated guava (Psidium guajava L.) is an important commercial fruit crop. One hundred and thirty two accessions were collected from 12 regions in Pakistan for study of genetic diversity. A total of 33 traits (18 qualitative and 15 quantitative) enabled an assessment of the genetic variability and structure of this guava germplasm. The measured traits of fruit acidity, fruit diameter, seed weight, non-reducing sugars, thickness of outer flesh, number of seeds, fruit sweetness, longitudinal grooves, leaf twisting, fruit skin color, fruit shape at the stalk, longitudinal ridges, and flesh color were found highly variable. Many of these traits are of significant economic importance and could be used as breeding targets to increase fruit yield and fruit quality. There were strong positive correlations detected among the 15 quantitative traits related to fruit yield and fruit quality. These included fruit length and diameter, fruit weight and diameter, length and width of the leaf blade, number of seeds and seed weight, fruit weight and diameter of the fruit cavity, and seed weight and fruit weight. On the other hand, there were some negative correlations among the 18 qualitative traits studied. The 2D PCA plot successfully grouped the samples according to their phenotypic resemblance and morphological characteristics. The morphological dendrogram generated from agglomeration hierarchical clustering (AHC) grouped the 132 accessions into 3 major clusters.

Asim Mehmood; Muhammad Jafar Jaskani; Iqrar A. Khan; Saeed Ahmad; Rashid Ahmad; Shuming Luo; Nabil M. Ahmad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Nuclear relations in South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The strategic landscape of South Asia changed dramatically in 1998. With the reciprocal testing of nuclear weapons, India and Pakistan emerged from the world of threshold status to an overt posture which has yet to be fully defined. Each claims the status of a nuclear weapon state, yet the contours of that status are unclear. A number of important strategic issues have been raised by these dramatic events. This paper will attempt to examine the implications of this new posture for each country and for the region. First and foremost, the decisions to test nuclear weapons are a product of each individual state making a sovereign decision about its national security needs. Both have made clear for a number of years that their attitudes toward nuclear weapons-and by default, toward nuclear nonproliferation-will not be directed by outsiders. They have rejected the global norms that oppose the further proliferation of nuclear weapons, embodied in the Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), and that embrace the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons, captured in Article VI of that treaty. The decisions reached in New Delhi and lslamabad have been questioned by many, but the tests cannot be undone and it now falls on both countries to make further decisions about what strategies will best serve them, and what obligations they must now assume. Issues such as strategic planning, weaponization, deployment, and command and control, which heretofore were relegated to the back burner, may no longer be deferred.

Joeck, N.

1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

382

Nuclear proliferation: The diplomatic role of non-weaponized programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The end of the Cold War has not seen the end of reliance on nuclear weapons for deterrence or diplomacy purposes. The use of nuclear weapons for such purposes is as evident in the threshold states as in the nuclear powers. The nuclear weapon states used their nuclear weapons for deterrence, bargaining, and blackmail, even during the early years of the Cold War when the US was essentially non-Weaponized. In the nuclear non-Weaponized states in Asia a non-Weaponized deterrent relationship is developing between India and Pakistan and North Korea has used its nuclear program to restore diplomatic relations with the international community. The role of nuclear weapons in the post Cold War world is determined by the role of non-Weaponized programs in proliferating states. This paper describes examples in South Asia and the Korean peninsula and show that while an increased reliance on nuclear weapons programs may be a threat to the current non-proliferation regime, the focus on non-Weaponized programs rather than on weapons themselves actually improves international security by reducing the threat of nuclear war.

Reynolds, R.R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Chapter 12 - Global Food and Nutrition: World Food, Health and the Environment: Practical Applications for Nutrition, Food Science and Culinary Professionals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter examines global cuisines that influence foods and beverages, nutrition, and health, including African-American, Asian, Hispanic and Mediterranean, and other influential cuisines like Cajun, Caribbean, Eastern Indian European and Native American. It includes African-American foods, celebrations, nutrition and health disparities, soul food, Cajun and Creole cuisines, diet planning, recipe modifications, and the African Diet Pyramid. Then there is the Mediterranean diet history, nutrition and health, covering Mediterranean cuisine, diet planning, recipe adjustments, and the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid; Hispanic nutrition and health; traditional Cuban, Mexican-American and Puerto Rican diets and cuisines; recipe and meal modifications; and the Latin American Diet Pyramid. Next it examines traditional Asian diets, nutrition and health, including East Asian (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Taiwanese), South Asian (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), and Southeast Asian (Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam) cuisines; micronutrient deficiencies; diet modernization, and the Asian Diet Pyramid. The chapter also discusses ethnic cooking and baking equipment, fusion cooking (Pan-Asian, Tex-Mex and California cuisines), the China Project, and food security and insecurity. Keywords bamboo steamer; cast-iron cookware; Chinese tea culture; crock pot; food deserts, food security, fusion cooking; globalization; Mediterranean diet; retro-acculturation; rice cooker; scratch cooking; slow cooker; tagine; Tex-Mex cuisine

Jacqueline B. Marcus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Evaluation of cloud fraction and its radiative effect simulated by IPCC AR4 global models against ARM surface observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cloud Fraction (CF) is the dominant modulator of radiative fluxes. In this study, we evaluate CF simulations in the IPCC AR4 GCMs against ARM ground measurements, with a focus on the vertical structure, total amount of cloud and its effect on cloud shortwave transmissivity, for both inter-model deviation and model-measurement discrepancy. Our intercomparisons of three CF or sky-cover related dataset reveal that the relative differences are usually less than 10% (5%) for multi-year monthly (annual) mean values, while daily differences are quite significant. The results also show that the model-observation and the inter-model deviations have a similar magnitude for the total CF (TCF) and the normalized cloud effect, and they are twice as large as the surface downward solar radiation and cloud transmissivity. This implies that the other cloud properties, such as cloud optical depth and height, have a similar magnitude of disparity to TCF among the GCMs, and suggests that a better agreement among the GCMs in solar radiative fluxes could be the result of compensating errors in either cloud vertical structure, cloud optical depth or cloud fraction. Similar deviation pattern between inter-model and model-measurement suggests that the climate models tend to generate larger bias against observations for those variables with larger inter-model deviation. The simulated TCF from IPCC AR4 GCMs are very scattered through all seasons over three ARM sites: Southern Great Plains (SGP), Manus, Papua New Guinea and North Slope of Alaska (NSA). The GCMs perform better at SGP than at Manus and NSA in simulating the seasonal variation and probability distribution of TCF; however, the TCF in these models is remarkably underpredicted and cloud transmissivity is less susceptible to the change of TCF than the observed at SGP. Much larger inter-model deviation and model bias are found over NSA than the other sites in estimating the TCF, cloud transmissivity and cloud-radiation interaction, suggesting that the Arctic region continues to challenge cloud simulations in climate models. Most of the GCMs tend to underpredict CF and fail to capture the seasonal variation of CF at middle and low levels in the tropics. The high altitude CF is much larger in the GCMs than the observation and the inter-model variability of CF also reaches maximum at high levels in the tropics. Most of the GCMs tend to underpredict CF by 50-150% relative to the measurement average at low and middle levels over SGP. While the GCMs generally capture the maximum CF in the boundary layer and vertical variability, the inter-model deviation is largest near surface over the Arctic. The internal variability of CF simulated in ensemble runs with the same model is very minimal.

Qian, Yun; Long, Charles N.; Wang, Hailong; Comstock, Jennifer M.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Xie, Shaocheng

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

385

India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Comparative analyses for selected clean coal technologies in the international marketplace  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clean coal technologies (CCTs) are being demonstrated in research and development programs under public and private sponsorship. Many of these technologies could be marketed internationally. To explore the scope of these international opportunities and to match particular technologies with markets appearing to have high potential, a study was undertaken that focused on seven representative countries: Italy, Japan, Morocco, Turkey, Pakistan, the Peoples' Republic of China, and Poland. The results suggest that there are international markets for CCTs and that these technologies can be cost competitive with more conventional alternatives. The identified markets include construction of new plants and refurbishment of existing ones, especially when decision makers want to decrease dependence on imported oil. This report describes potential international market niches for U.S. CCTs and discusses the status and implications of ongoing CCT demonstration activities. Twelve technologies were selected as representative of technologies under development for use in new or refurbished industrial or electric utility applications. Included are the following: Two generic precombustion technologies: two-stage froth-flotation coal beneficiation and coal-water mixtures (CWMs); Four combustion technologies: slagging combustors, integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) systems, atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors (AFBCs), and pressurized fluidized-bed combustors (PFBCs); and Six postcombustion technologies: limestone-injection multistage burner (LIMB) systems, gas-reburning sorbent-injection (GRSI) systems, dual-alkali flue-gas desulfurization (FGD), spray-dryer FGD, the NOXSO process, and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. Major chapters of this report have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Comparative study of energy saving light sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Techno-economic performance comparison of compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) with light emitting diodes (LED), electrode less fluorescent lamps (EEFL), fluorescent tubes, incandescent bulbs, photovoltaic (PV) and fiber optic lighting systems was carried out in view of worsening power and energy crisis in Pakistan. Literature survey showed 23W CFL, 21W EEFL, 18W fluorescent tube or 15W LED lamps emit almost same quantity of luminous flux (lumens) as a standard 100W incandescent lamp. All inclusive, operational costs of LED lamps were found 1.21, 1.62. 1.69, 6.46, 19.90 and 21.04 times lesser than fluorescent tubes, CFL, EEFL, incandescent bulbs, fiber optic solar lighting and PV systems, respectively. However, tubes, LED, CFL and EEFL lamps worsen electric power quality of low voltage networks due to high current harmonic distortions (THD) and poor power factors (PF). Fluorescent lamps emit UV and pollute environment by mercury and phosphors when broken or at end of their life cycle. Energy consumption, bio-effects, and environmental concerns prefer LED lamps over phosphor based lamps but power quality considerations prefer EEFL. CFL and EEFL manufacturers claim operating temperatures in range of ?20CLED lamps may be five to ten times higher that high THD and low PF lamps. Choice of a lamp depends upon its current THD, PF, life span, energy consumption, efficiency, efficacy, color rendering index (CRI) and associated physical effects. This work proposes manufacturing and user level innovations to get rid of low PF problems. Keeping in view downside of phosphor based lamps our research concludes widespread adoption of LED lamps. Government and commercial buildings may consider full spectrum hybrid thermal photovoltaic and solar fiber optic illumination systems.

N. Khan; N. Abas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Does financial development contribute to SAARC?S energy demand? From energy crisis to energy reforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract SAARC members urgently need to secure sustainable energy supplies at affordable prices. Alarmingly high oil prices in the face of ever increasing energy demand have resulted in severe pressure on resources of SAARC members. The objective of this study examine the relationship among energy consumption, economic growth, relative prices of energy, FDI and different financial development indicators (i.e., broad money supply, liquid liabilities, domestic credit provided by banking sector and domestic credit to private sector) in the panel of selected SAARC countries namely Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka over a period of 19752011. Panel cointegration test suggest that the variables are cointegrated and have a long-run relationship between them. In addition, three different panel data methods i.e. pooled least square, fixed effects and random effects have been used to test the validity of the energy-growth nexus via financial development in the SAARC region. Specification tests (i.e., F-test and Hausman test) indicate that the fixed effect model considered as the best model to examine the relationship between energy and growth determinants, this implies that variables are apparently influenced by country effects only. The fixed effect model shows that there is a significant relationship among energy consumption, economic growth, FDI and financial development (FD) proxies, however, FD indicators has a larger impact on increasing energy demand, followed by GDP per capita and FDI. Therefore, it is concluded that there is a trade-off between the energy and growth variables in SAARC region, collective efforts is required to transform SAARC region from an energy-starved to an energy efficient region.

Arif Alam; Ihtisham Abdul Malik; Alias Bin Abdullah; Asmadi Hassan; Faridullah; Usama Awan; Ghulam Ali; Khalid Zaman; Imran Naseem

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Middle East fuel supply & gas exports for power generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Middle East countries that border on, or are near, the Persian Gulf hold over 65% of the world`s estimated proven crude oil reserves and 32% of the world`s estimated proven natural gas reserves. In fact, approximately 5% of the world`s total proven gas reserves are located in Qatar`s offshore North Field. This large natural gas/condensate field is currently under development to supply three LNG export projects, as well as a sub-sea pipeline proposal to export gas to Pakistan. The Middle East will continue to be a major source of crude oil and oil products to world petroleum markets, including fuel for existing and future base load, intermediate cycling and peaking electric generation plants. In addition, as the Persian Gulf countries turn their attention to exploiting their natural gas resources, the fast-growing need for electricity in the Asia-Pacific and east Africa areas offers a potential market for both pipeline and LNG export opportunities to fuel high efficiency, gas-fired combustion turbine power plants. Mr. Mitchell`s portion of this paper will discuss the background, status and timing of several Middle Eastern gas export projects that have been proposed. These large gas export projects are difficult and costly to develop and finance. Consequently, any IPP developers that are considering gas-fired projects which require Mid-East LNG as a fuel source, should understand the numerous sources and timing to securing project debt, loan terms and conditions, and, restrictions/credit rating issues associated with securing financing for these gas export projects. Mr. Newendorp`s section of the paper will cover the financing aspects of these projects, providing IPP developers with additional considerations in selecting the primary fuel supply for an Asian-Pacific or east African electric generation project.

Mitchell, G.K. [Merrimack Energy Co., LTD, Lowell, MA (United States); Newendorp, T. [Taylor-DeJongh, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

391

Investigating phenotypic structures and allelochemical compounds of the fruits of Momordica charantia L. genotypes as sources of resistance against Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plant resistance is an important component of integrated management of the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) owing to difficulties associated with its chemical control. Various biophysical traits including fruit length, fruit diameter, fruit toughness, number of the longitudinal ribs, height of the longitudinal ribs, number of small ridges, depth of small ridges and pericarp thickness, and biochemical traits including total chlorophyll, pH, tannin, flavanol, phenol, ash and silica contents of fruit were studied on six genotypes of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) in relation to resistance against B. cucurbitae under field conditions in Pakistan. Faisalabad-long and Col-II were the most resistant whereas Chaman and Col-Vehari were the most susceptible among the tested genotypes. Fruit length, fruit diameter, number of the longitudinal ribs and number of small ridges had significant positive correlations whereas fruit toughness, depth of small ridges, height of the longitudinal ribs and pericarp thickness had significant negative correlations with the percent fruit infestation and larval density. Maximum variation in fruit infestation and larval density was explained by fruit toughness (63.4 and 49.2% respectively) followed by fruit diameter (23.2 and 22.4% respectively) and number of the longitudinal ribs (8.2 and 11.6% respectively) whereas the remainder of the physical traits explained <2.0% variation in fruit infestation. Total chlorophyll and pH were lowest in resistant and highest in susceptible genotypes whereas tannin, flavanol, phenol, ash and silica contents were highest in resistant and lowest in susceptible genotypes. Tannin and flavanol contents explained 96.5% of the total variation in fruit infestation and 97.7% of the total variation in larval density whereas rest of the biochemical traits explained <0.2% variation in fruit infestation.

M.D. Gogi; M. Ashfaq; M.J. Arif; R.M. Sarfraz; N.N. Nawab

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Performance of late sown wheat crop under different planting geometries and irrigation regimes in arid climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proper orientation of plants in the field and management of soil moisture for appropriate utilization of land, water and environmental resources plays a significant role in the optimum development and functioning of vital plant organs. A two factor field experiment was conducted for two consecutive crop growth seasons viz. 200607 and 200708 at Research and Demonstration Farm, Regional Agricultural Economic Development Centre (RAEDC), Vehari, Pakistan to make a comparison of four different planting geometries viz. planting in 22cm apart rows under conventional, minimum and zero tillage, respectively and planting in 11cm apart rows under conventional tillage system. Wheat cultivar, Inqlab-91 was planted late in December. Crop was subjected to five irrigation levels in which irrigation was applied equivalent to 120%, 100%, 80%, 60% or 40% of ETo. Lower soil bulk density and penetration resistances at 1020cm soil depth were recorded with conventional tillage with either narrow or wider row spacing as compared to other planting geometries. The maximum values for LAI, LAD, TDM, productive tillers (m?2), 1000-grain weight and grain yield were recorded with planting geometry having 11cm apart rows under conventional tillage system along with irrigation level of 120% \\{ETo\\} that remained statistically at par with the same planting geometry subjected to the irrigation regime of 100% ETo. This planting geometry also resulted in minimum weed fresh biomass. It is concluded that late planted wheat crop planted in 11cm wide rows under conventional tillage irrigated @ 100% \\{ETo\\} may serve as an appropriate technology for enhancing the wheat productivity of late sown wheat crop under limited water supplies.

Hakoomat Ali; Nadeem Iqbal; Shakeel Ahmad; Ahmad Naeem Shahzad; Naeem Sarwar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Predicting the impact of climate change on regional and seasonal abundance of the mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) using temperature-driven phenology model linked to GIS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is a highly invasive and polyphagous pest of global incidence. The fundamental hypothesis of the present study was that the temperature variations due to global climate change may affect seriously the future distribution and abundance of P. solenopsis, which might further aggravate the crop yield losses. We employed a temperature-based phenology model of P. solenopsis in a geographic information system for mapping population growth potentials of P. solenopsis. The three risk indices viz., establishment risk index, generation index and activity index were computed using interpolated temperature data from worldclim database for current (2000) and future (2050) climatic conditions. The daily minimum and maximum temperature data from four selected weather stations in India were used for analysing within-year variation of pest population. A linear relationship was established between the activity indices and yield losses at various locations reported in literatures for predicting the future trend of yield loss due to climate change. The results revealed that, under current temperature conditions P. solenopsis can complete >4.0 generations per year on ?80% of the global cotton production areas. Economic losses are likely to occur in areas where at least 8.0 generations can develop in a year; under current climate ?40% areas fall under this category. The increased geographical suitability at higher latitudes in cotton production areas, additional 2.0 generations per year, and 4.0 fold increase of population abundance of P. solenopsis are expected in tropical and sub-tropical cotton areas of Brazil, South Africa, Pakistan and India due to predicted climate change. Analysis of within year population increase at various selected locations in India revealed that, P. solenopsis attained maximum potential population increase during the major cotton growing season (MayJune to OctoberNovember). On the other hand, the innate ability of P. solenopsis population to increase reduced considerably during off season and cooler winter months. The increased pest activity of P. solenopsis due to climate change may intensify the losses in cotton yield, with forecasted losses in India to increase from existing losses of million US$ 1217.10 to future losses of million US$ 1764.85 by the year 2050. Here, we illustrate the possible impact of climate change on future P. solenopsis exacerbation based on temperature-driven population studies, which will help in undertaking agro-ecoregion specific management strategies.

Babasaheb B. Fand; Henri E.Z. Tonnang; Mahesh Kumar; Santanu K. Bal; Naveen P. Singh; D.V.K.N. Rao; Ankush L. Kamble; Dhananjay D. Nangare; Paramjit S. Minhas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Selection, mechanism, cross resistance and stability of spinosad resistance in Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Spodoptera litura is one of the most destructive pests in Pakistan and in many other regions of the world. A field collected population of S.litura was selected with spinosad for eleven generations under controlled laboratory conditions to study the cross resistance, mechanism and stability of spinosad resistance in S.litura. The resistance to spinosad in S.litura increased 3921-fold (after eleven generations of selection with spinosad) as compared to a susceptible population of S.litura. No cross resistance between spinosad and emamectin benzoate, methoxyfenozide, fipronil, indoxacarb, profenofos, lufenuron or deltamethrin was found in the spinosad-selected population of S.litura. To find the possible mechanism of spinosad resistance in S.litura two synergists, Piperonyl butoxide (PBO), S, S, S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate (DEF) were tested on the susceptible and resistant strains and on the un-selected field population. The values of the synergism ratios of PBO and DEF were 2.33 and 1.06 for the spinosad-selected strain, 1.36 and 1.06 for the un-selected field population and 1.14 and 1.00 for the susceptible strain, respectively. As high PBO ratio indicates the role of microsomal O-demethylase in causing spinosad resistance in S.litura. The spinosad-resistant and field populations of S.litura were reared without any selection pressure from the 12th to the 16th generation (G12G16). The spinosad resistance decreased from 3921 to 678-fold in the spinosad-resistant population and from 31.1 to 15.1-fold in the un-selected population of S.litura as compared to the susceptible strain. Spinosad resistance in S.litura has a high reversion rate (?0.15) which indicates that spinosad resistance in S.litura is unstable and can be easily managed by switching off the selection pressure for a few generations or alternating with insecticides having different modes of action.

Adeel Rehan; Shoaib Freed

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Remote Sensing and Sea-Truth Measurements of Methane Flux to the Atmosphere (HYFLUX project)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multi-disciplinary investigation of distribution and magnitude of methane fluxes from seafloor gas hydrate deposits in the Gulf of Mexico was conducted based on results obtained from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing and from sampling conducted during a research expedition to three sites where gas hydrate occurs (MC118, GC600, and GC185). Samples of sediments, water, and air were collected from the ship and from an ROV submersible using sediments cores, niskin bottles attached to the ROV and to a rosette, and an automated sea-air interface collector. The SAR images were used to quantify the magnitude and distribution of natural oil and gas seeps that produced perennial oil slicks on the ocean surface. A total of 176 SAR images were processed using a texture classifying neural network algorithm, which segmented the ocean surface into oil-free and oil-covered water. Geostatistical analysis indicates that there are a total of 1081 seep formations distributed over the entire Gulf of Mexico basin. Oil-covered water comprised an average of 780.0 sq. km (sd 86.03) distributed with an area of 147,370 sq. km. Persistent oil and gas seeps were also detected with SAR sampling on other ocean margins located in the Black Sea, western coast of Africa, and offshore Pakistan. Analysis of sediment cores from all three sites show profiles of sulfate, sulfide, calcium and alkalinity that indicated anaerobic oxidation of methane with precipitation of authigenic carbonates. Difference among the three sampling sites may reflect the relative magnitude of methane flux. Methane concentrations in water column samples collected by ROV and rosette deployments from MC118 ranged from {approx}33,000 nM at the seafloor to {approx}12 nM in the mixed layer with isolated peaks up to {approx}13,670 nM coincident with the top of the gas hydrate stability field. Average plume methane, ethane, and propane concentrations in the mixed layer are 7, 630, and 9,540 times saturation, respectively. Based on the contemporaneous wind speeds at this site, contemporary estimates of the diffusive fluxes from the mixed layer to the atmosphere for methane, ethane, and propane are 26.5, 2.10, and 2.78 {micro}mol/m{sup 2}d, respectively. Continuous measurements of air and sea surface concentrations of methane were made to obtain high spatial and temporal resolution of the diffusive net sea-to-air fluxes. The atmospheric methane fluctuated between 1.70 ppm and 2.40 ppm during the entire cruise except for high concentrations (up to 4.01 ppm) sampled during the end of the occupation of GC600 and the transit between GC600 and GC185. Results from interpolations within the survey areas show the daily methane fluxes to the atmosphere at the three sites range from 0.744 to 300 mol d-1. Considering that the majority of seeps in the GOM are deep (>500 m), elevated CH{sub 4} concentrations in near-surface waters resulting from bubble-mediated CH4 transport in the water column are expected to be widespread in the Gulf of Mexico.

Ian MacDonald

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

396

Model-Based Calculations of the Probability of a Country's Nuclear Proliferation Decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first nuclear weapon was detonated in August 1945 over Japan to end World War II. During the past six decades, the majority of the world's countries have abstained from acquiring nuclear weapons. However, a number of countries have explored the nuclear weapons option, 23 in all. Among them, 14 countries have dropped their interest in nuclear weapons after initiating some efforts. And nine of them today possess nuclear weapons. These countries include the five nuclear weapons states - U.S., Russia, U.K., France, and China - and the four non- NPT member states - Israel, India, Pakistan, and North Korea. Many of these countries initially used civilian nuclear power technology development as a basis or cover for their military program. Recent proliferation incidents in Iraq, Iran, and North Korea brought the world together to pay much attention to nuclear nonproliferation. With the expected surge in the use of nuclear energy for power generation by developing countries, the world's nuclear nonproliferation regime needs to be better prepared for potential future challenges. For the world's nuclear nonproliferation regime to effectively cope with any future proliferation attempts, early detection of potentially proliferation-related activities is highly desirable. Early detection allows the international community to respond and take necessary actions - ideally using political and diplomatic influences without resorting to harsh measures such as sanctions or military actions. In this regard, a capability to quantitatively predict the chance of a country's nuclear proliferation intent or activities is of significant interest. There have been various efforts in the research community to understand the determinants of nuclear proliferation and develop quantitative tools to predict nuclear proliferation events. These efforts have shown that information about the political issues surrounding a country's security along with economic development data can be useful to explain the occurrences of proliferation decisions. However, predicting major historical proliferation events using model-based predictions has been unreliable. Nuclear proliferation decisions by a country is affected by three main factors: (1) technology; (2) finance; and (3) political motivation [1]. Technological capability is important as nuclear weapons development needs special materials, detonation mechanism, delivery capability, and the supporting human resources and knowledge base. Financial capability is likewise important as the development of the technological capabilities requires a serious financial commitment. It would be difficult for any state with a gross national product (GNP) significantly less than that of about $100 billion to devote enough annual governmental funding to a nuclear weapon program to actually achieve positive results within a reasonable time frame (i.e., 10 years). At the same time, nuclear proliferation is not a matter determined by a mastery of technical details or overcoming financial constraints. Technology or finance is a necessary condition but not a sufficient condition for nuclear proliferation. At the most fundamental level, the proliferation decision by a state is controlled by its political motivation. To effectively address the issue of predicting proliferation events, all three of the factors must be included in the model. To the knowledge of the authors, none of the exiting models considered the 'technology' variable as part of the modeling. This paper presents an attempt to develop a methodology for statistical modeling and predicting a country's nuclear proliferation decisions. The approach is based on the combined use of data on a country's nuclear technical capability profiles economic development status, security environment factors and internal political and cultural factors. All of the information utilized in the study was from open source literature. (authors)

Li, Jun; Yim, Man-Sung; McNelis, David N. [Department of Nuclear Engineering North Carolina State University (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z