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1

Environment and Development http://journals.cambridge.org/EDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mauritius, Montser- rat, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Puerto

2

The 1996 U.S. Purse Seine Fishery for Tropical Tunas in the Central-Western Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tonga

3

THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF TOURISM IN SPTO MEMBER COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

......................................................................................................................... 4 2. Methodology Caledonia, Kiribati, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. The economic

4

Drowned carbonate platforms in the Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subsidence caused by G. Hoffmann (&) Á E. Silver UniversitySea, Papua New Guinea Gary Hoffmann • Eli Silver • Simon Day

Hoffmann, Gary; Silver, Eli; Day, Simon; Driscoll, Neal; Appelgate, Bruce

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Papua New Guinea: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on oil exploration which is booming in Papua New Guinea (PNG) following a rash of license applications and farm-ins. Most activity is onshore, but success is beginning to drift offshore. Currently, 40 petroleum prospecting licenses (PPL) and one producing license are active, and eight more PPL applications are being considered. PNG is expected to become an oil exporter by September 1992 when initial production is expected from Iagifu, Hedina and Agogo fields.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

4.3. Insects ofPapua SCOTT E. MILLER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.3. Insects ofPapua SCOTT E. MILLER INSECTS AND OTHER terrestrial invertebrates are tremendously. J., and Beehler, B. M. (eds.)- 2006. The Ecology ofPapua. Singapore: Periplus Editions. 515 .16157$ CH36 02-08-07 10:39:31 PS #12;516 /SCOTT E. MILLER seum, Honolulu (BPBM); Museum Zoologense

Mathis, Wayne N.

7

Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission David Itano Pelagic Fisheries Research Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Chinese. · Observers IGOs NGOs #12;Palau Minami Tori Shima Northern Marianas Guam Papua New Guinea Federated States, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

8

SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE MODELING. This sediment flows from the Ok Tedi to the Fly River, eventually reaching the Gulf of Papua. This document River. The second author of this report has been served as the sediment transport consultant for Ok Tedi

Parker, Gary

9

AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

Royal Holloway, University of London

11

NOAAlNMFS Developments U.S. and South Pacific Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Is lands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu Marianas .. Philippines G\\ '; . uam . ~.~ ..·F·il·~;~~~';;::;:;' ....c;:. ;M'''h'''','''''' . : . Palau

12

3. (2) ---(TOEFL ITP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico

13

Indo-Pakistan Trade Cooperation and Saarc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of India’s exports to Pakistan, Soyabean, p-xylene, iron ores, sugar, polypropylene, norfloxin, tyres, bidi leaves, and reactive coloured chemicals were the major items during 1985-2005. Their total share in India’s exports to Pakistan was 11.5 per cent... , etc. Pakistan has excess capacity of 3000 MW electricity which can be easily given to northern Indian states if the required arrangements are done. Prices of mutual trade items between the two countries are also competitive. It is estimated...

Ghuman, Ranjit Singh; Madaan, Da Vinder Kumar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Tactical cities : negotiating violence in Karachi, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the relationship between violence and urbanity. Using Karachi, Pakistan, as a case study, it asks how violent cities are imagined and experienced by their residents. The thesis draws on a variety of ...

Yusuf, Huma

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intelligence Agency (US CIA). (2012). Th e world factbook:Indonesia, and Brazil (US CIA 2012). Initially consisting of

Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

areas, nineteen protected wetlands, and a number of other protected grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and natural

Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

Mian, Zia [Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

18

Pakistan foreign policy formulation, 1947-65: an analysis of institutional interaction between American policy making bodies and the Pakistan Army   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines through the use of archives and oral evidence the role of the Pakistan Army in the context of Pakistan’s domestic politics and foreign policy. Its main purpose is to explore the autonomy of the Pakistan Army in shaping national...

Soherwordi, Syed Hussain Shaheed

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission...

20

Mjliga samarbetslnder inom Minor Field Studies Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nordkorea, Dem. Rep. Pakistan Palau Palestinska självstyret Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Rwanda

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Pakistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County,PPP EquipmentPartners LLC5657° LoadingPakistan:

22

Energy conservation and thermal comfort in buildings in northern Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hunza Valley, a remote area of mountainous northern Pakistan, is undergoing rapid change culturally, socially, and architecturally. Many of these changes are linked to the exchange of information and commerce facilitated ...

Sullivan, Gregory Patrick

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Daughters of Eve : violence against women in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to conduct extensive research on domestic violence against women in Pakistan and to present the results in a comprehensive document. Some of the issues investigated through fieldwork and covered ...

Noor, Muhammad Jehanzeb, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Structural engineering for northern Pakistan : indigenous architecture and earthquake resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the Fall of 1993, a joint project began between architectural designers and engineers, for the design of houses in Karimabad, located in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. This thesis records the author's involvement as ...

Su, Jimmy Chi-yi

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan Mobile pastoralism According' average prolificacy and mortality rates (89% and 30% respec- tively), the landless mobile pastoral- ists do not own land, so mobile pastoralism is central to their livelihoods. They move their animals

Richner, Heinz

26

Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Kerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Do crude oil price changes affect economic growth of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This paper analyzes empirically the effect of crude oil price change on the economic growth of Indian-Subcontinent (India, Pakistan and Bangladesh). We use a… (more)

Akram, Muhammad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Beggarization: Beggary as an Organized Crime in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on these connections inhibited their inclusion in this analysis, although some news evidence exists, such as in the case of Bangalore, where there are increasing reports of “a large racket” involving the “illegal extraction and sale of organs from dead beggars... sources, documentaries, and other online publications due to the lack of existing information on beggary as an organized crime in Pakistan. Research on this topic is still in its early stages, which is complicated by the illegal nature of the topic...

Azam, Nadia

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

29

India and Pakistan`s nuclear arms race: Out of the closet but not in the street  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CIA Director James Woolsey testified before the Senate on February 24, 1993, {open_quotes}The arms race between India and Pakistan poses perhaps the most probable prospect for future use of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons.{close_quotes} Currently, both countries are dependent on relatively crude nuclear bombs that do not appear to have been deployed. According to US officials, because of fears of accidental nuclear detonation, both sides would only assemble their nuclear weapons when absolutely necessary. Nevertheless, according to Woolsey, both nations {open_quotes}could, on short notice, assemble nuclear weapons.{close_quotes} Each has combat aircraft that could deliver these bombs in a crisis. India and Pakistan continue to improve their nuclear weapons. Unless their programs are stopped, they might succeed in moving from large, cumbersome bombs to miniaturized, easily armed and fuzed weapons able to be permanently deployed on attack aircraft or ballistic missiles, which are being developed or sought by both countries.

Albright, D.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

Adams, Robert P.

31

Solar and Wind Resource Assessments for Afghanistan and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently completed the production of high-resolution wind and solar energy resource maps and related data products for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The resource data have been incorporated into a geospatial toolkit (GsT), which allows the user to manipulate the resource information along with country-specific geospatial information such as highway networks, power facilities, transmission corridors, protected land areas, etc. The toolkit allows users to then transfer resource data for specific locations into NREL's micropower optimization model known as HOMER.

Renne, D. S.; Kelly, M.; Elliott, D.; George, R.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.; Cowlin, S.; Gilman, P.; Perez, R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

"Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Stratigraphic boundary problems: Permian and Triassic of West Pakistan. Edited by Bernhard Kummel and Curt Teichert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

suggestions. A. J. Rowell reviewed the chapter "Stratigraphy of Permian and Triassic Rocks." Teichert wishes to thank K. N. Kravchenko and I. A. Voskresensky, former advisers to the Oil and Gas De- velopment Corporation of Pakistan, for many helpful...

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Technology transfer effectiveness through international joint ventures (IJVs) to their component suppliers: a study of the automotive industry of Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis investigates the important topic of technology transfer effectiveness from international joint ventures (IJVs) established in the automotive industry of Pakistan to their local… (more)

Khan, Sardar Zaheer Ahmad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Energy Management by Recycling of Vehicle Waste Oil in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: Pakistan has been suffering from an energy crisis for about half a decade now. The power crisis is proving to be unbearable, so importing huge amount of hydrocarbons from abroad to meet its energy needs. This study therefore focuses on the analysis of energy and environmental benefits for vehicle waste lubricant oil pertaining to its reuse by means of: (i) regain the heating value of used oils in a combustion process and (ii) recycling of waste oil to make fresh oil products. The waste oil samples were tested by ICP method and the test results were compared with standard requirements. It was found that the matter could effectively be solved by means of waste oil management practices together with collection centers, transports and processors by encouraging and financial help for the recycling industry. The importance and worth of this work concludes minor levels of hazardous elements when regained the heating value from the waste lubricating oil.

Hassan Ali Durrani

36

Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Beyond Kargil: The technology of peace in India-Pakistan border relations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for cooperation between India and Pakistan is substantial. Topics as widely varying as national security, the environment and trade hold the potential for improved bilateral relations. This paper looks at a few areas in which monitoring technology could contribute to enhancing cooperative border agreements between the two nations. The goal of the paper is not to provide prescriptive solutions to regional problems, but to expand the number of options being considered for improving Indian-Pakistan relations. Many of the impediments to bilateral progress are a result of a history of conflict and mistrust. By utilizing technical monitoring and inspections, each side can begin to replace suspicion and doubt with knowledge and information useful in making informed political, economic and military decisions. At the same time, technical monitoring and inspections can build confidence through common interactions. India and Pakistan have pledged to resolve their disputes, including Kashmir, through dialogue. Implementation of that pledge is influenced by a number of factors, including changes in the political systems and the fortunes of the leadership. Events of the past year and a half have severely tested these two governments' ability to move forward along a constructive and positive path. Testing of new missile systems both preceded and followed testing of nuclear weapons in May 1998. Both countries disregarded subsequent international displeasure as they proceeded to openly declare their respective nuclear capability. Their brief engagement with each other in February 1999 and movement toward a rapprochement diluted international condemnation of their nuclear activity. Within a recent period of nine months however, progress in the dialogue has been stalled first by the Pakistani move in Kashmir in May 1999, then by the Indian election in the summer of 1999 and most recently by the military coup in Pakistan.

Tahir-Kheli, S.; Biringer, K.L.

2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

38

Confidence building measures at sea:opportunities for India and Pakistan.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sea presents unique possibilities for implementing confidence building measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan that are currently not available along the contentious land borders surrounding Jammu and Kashmir. This is due to the nature of maritime issues, the common military culture of naval forces, and a less contentious history of maritime interaction between the two nations. Maritime issues of mutual concern provide a strong foundation for more far-reaching future CBMs on land, while addressing pressing security, economic, and humanitarian needs at sea in the near-term. Although Indian and Pakistani maritime forces currently have stronger opportunities to cooperate with one another than their counterparts on land, reliable mechanisms to alleviate tension or promote operational coordination remain non-existent. Therefore, possible maritime CBMs, as well as pragmatic mechanisms to initiate and sustain cooperation, require serious examination. This report reflects the unique joint research undertaking of two retired Senior Naval Officers from both India and Pakistan, sponsored by the Cooperative Monitoring Center of the International Security Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Research focuses on technology as a valuable tool to facilitate confidence building between states having a low level of initial trust. Technical CBMs not only increase transparency, but also provide standardized, scientific means of interacting on politically difficult problems. Admirals Vohra and Ansari introduce technology as a mechanism to facilitate consistent forms of cooperation and initiate discussion in the maritime realm. They present technical CBMs capable of being acted upon as well as high-level political recommendations regarding the following issues: (1) Delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Pakistan and its relationship to the Sir Creek dispute; (2) Restoration of full shipping links and the security of ports and cargos; (3) Fishing within disputed areas and resolution of issues relating to arrest and repatriation of fishermen from both sides; and (4) Naval and maritime agency interaction and possibilities for cooperation.

Vohra, Ravi Bhushan Rear Admiral (; ); Ansari, Hasan Masood Rear Admiral (; )

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen minimum zone (7001100 m)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen increased animal activity associated with increasing bottom-water oxygen concentration. We examined faunal community responses to oxygen and organic matter gradients across the lower oxygen minimum zone (OMZ

Levin, Lisa

40

The impact of municipal solid waste treatment methods on greenhouse gas emissions in Lahore, Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contribution of existing municipal solid waste management to emission of greenhouse gases and the alternative scenarios to reduce emissions were analyzed for Data Ganj Bukhsh Town (DGBT) in Lahore, Pakistan using the life cycle assessment methodology. DGBT has a population of 1,624,169 people living in 232,024 dwellings. Total waste generated is 500,000 tons per year with an average per capita rate of 0.84 kg per day. Alternative scenarios were developed and evaluated according to the environmental, economic, and social atmosphere of the study area. Solid waste management options considered include the collection and transportation of waste, collection of recyclables with single and mixed material bank container systems (SMBCS, MMBCS), material recovery facilities (MRF), composting, biogasification and landfilling. A life cycle inventory (LCI) of the six scenarios along with the baseline scenario was completed; this helped to quantify the CO{sub 2} equivalents, emitted and avoided, for energy consumption, production, fuel consumption, and methane (CH{sub 4}) emissions. LCI results showed that the contribution of the baseline scenario to the global warming potential as CO{sub 2} equivalents was a maximum of 838,116 tons. The sixth scenario had a maximum reduction of GHG emissions in terms of CO{sub 2} equivalents of -33,773 tons, but the most workable scenario for the current situation in the study area is scenario 5. It saves 25% in CO{sub 2} equivalents compared to the baseline scenario.

Batool, Syeda Adila [Department of Space Science, Punjab University, Lahore 54600 (Pakistan)], E-mail: aadila_batool@yahoo.com; Chuadhry, Muhammad Nawaz [College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore (Pakistan)], E-mail: muhammadnawazchaudhry@yahoo.com

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/18: Maritime Cooperation Between India and Pakistan: Building Confidence at Sea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses ways in which the navies of both India and Pakistan can cooperate on issues of maritime and naval significance. Although the militaries and navies of the two countries have traditionally seen each other as rivals, international economic developments make cooperation imperative. South Asia requires an approach that can alter the existing hostile images and perceptions. This can be achieved through developing an incremental approach towards confidence building that would allow consistency and help build confidence gradually. The aim is to make confidence building a sustainable activity that would help transform hostile images and build cooperative and nonhostile relationships. This paper proposes a five-step model to suggest what the two navies can do jointly to build confidence, with the ultimate goal of naval arms control. The steps include (1) the Signaling Stage to initiate communication between the two navies, (2) the Warming-Up Stage to build confidence through nonmilitary joint ventures, (3) the Handshake Stage to build confidence between the two navies through military joint ventures, (4) the Problem-Solving Stage to resolve outstanding disputes, and (5) the Final Nod Stage to initiate naval arms control. This model would employ communication, navigation, and remote sensing technologies to achieve success.

SIDDIQA-AGHA,AYESHA

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Characterization of Roabiba Sandstones Reservoir in Bintuni Field, Papua, Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

42 10 10 5 B-5 GR/Res/ Den/Neu Yes #15: 10501-10515 #16: 10515-10519 #17: 10519-10530 #18: 10530-10559 #19: 10559-10584 #20: 10615-10637 #21: 10751-10753 parts of UR 28 10 8 - B-6 GR/Res/ Den/Neu - #9: 9240-9330 most of UR, MR 12 4 3... .......................................................................................... 3 1.4 Regional geology .................................................................................. 4 1.5 Stratigraphic setting .............................................................................. 7 1.5.1. Sequence...

Vera, Riene

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

43

Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesaPPTActPapillion-LaVista

44

Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County,PPPSolar Jump to:PamukorenPanolaPanton,Paper

45

Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOski Energy LLC Place:FerrySprings,Panda

46

Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesaPPTActPapillion-LaVista South

47

Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesaPPTActPapillion-LaVista SouthEnergy

48

Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County,PPPSolar Jump

49

Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County,PPPSolar JumpInformation Pilot Program for

50

University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

incidence rates of > 20 cases per 100,000 population. University Health Center review Date Page 2 Republic Republic of Korea Nigeria Suriname Armenia Ecuador Kuwait Niue Swaziland Azerbaijan Egypt

Kissinger, Jessica

51

An agent-based approach to HIV/AIDS epidemic modeling : a case study of Papua New Guinea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since AIDS was first discovered, mathematical models of the transmission dynamics of HIV have been developed to determine the drivers of the epidemic. It has become apparent that the most profound factor in the proliferation ...

Rhee, Alisa Joy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Valuation can be undertaken through an analysis of market and non- market transactions, or through the use of survey research methods.

David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

County Madera County Kings County Tulare County Kern Countywill be urbanized. Madera and Kings counties will also seeMadera, Merced, Kings, and Tulare counties. The results of

David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Biochemistry, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Aridby Ethics Committee of Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculturedetails Department of Biochemistry, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with age, cough and fever. More than 50% of theTB diagnosis. Conclusion: Cough and fever are being ignoredtreatment. The duration of cough was used to find out total

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOski Energy LLC Place:Ferry CountyElectric

57

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOski Energy LLC Place:Ferry CountyElectricCompatibility

58

Integrated reservoir characterization for the Mazari oil field, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evaluated reservoir performance potential using the production history, well tests and cased-hole well log surveys. Suggestions for reservoir management activities in conjunction with the evaluation of the reservoir performance are discussed in detail...

Ashraf, Ejaz

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesaPPT ResearchPacificPakini Nui

60

U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of EnergyTheDepartment of1: Oracle JavaSoftware

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba CALIFORNIA PopulationNapa, Solano, Sonoma Sutter, Yolo, Yuba El Dorado, Placer,Napa, Solano, Sonoma Sutter, Yolo, Yuba El Dorado, Placer,

David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Subscribe to daily environment news  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

McGraw, Kevin J.

63

Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

Schubart, Christoph

64

. 16 (9. ).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa

65

THE ROLES OF PRIOR RESIDENCE AND RELATIVE SIZE IN COMPETITION FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Papua, New Guinea, and Palau (Johnson 1960; McVey 1975). Usually it is found in fresh and brackish

66

A Review of the South Pacific Tuna Baitfisheries: Small Pelagic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Palau in the Western Caroline Islands (Muller, 1976;Wilson, 1977)and in Papua New Guinea (PNG) (Lewis et

67

SpatialSpatialSpatial Spatial Characteristics of Characteristics of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islands 160W 20N 170W 150W 10N Johnston I Palau Papua New Guinea Federated States of Micronesia Gilbert CNMI 160E 180170E Marshall Islands 160W 20N 170W 150W 10N Johnston I Palau Papua New Guinea Federated Northern Marianas Guam Federated States of Micronesia Marshall Islands Johnston Palmyra 10N Palau Papua New

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

68

Conceptual problems of national income accounting in underdeveloped countries with emphasis on Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of changes in output, income and expenditures of the major sectors. Pinally, one is enabled by these means to study the responses of various economic groups to different conditions over a given time period. National income estimates are, therefore... followed Petty in the late seventeenth century, was considered to be the first scientific estimator of national income. His estimates included national income, national expenditure, and national savings, as well as the distributi. on of these aggregates...

Chowdhury, Abdur Rashid

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Learning from the Past, Looking to the Future: Modeling Social Unrest in Karachi, Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Social unrest represents a major challenge for policy makers around the globe, as it can quickly escalate from small scale disturbances to highly public protests, riots and even civil war. This research was motivated by a need to understand social instability and to unpack the comments made during a spring 2013 conference hosted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Center for Global Security and the U.S. Institute for Peace, where policymakers noted that models considering social instability are often not suitable for decision-making. This analysis shows that existing state level models of instability could be improved in spatial scale to the city level, even without significantly improved data access. Better data would make this analysis more complete and likely improve the quality of the model. Another challenge with incorporating modeling into decision-making is the need to understand uncertainty in a model. Policy makers are frequently tasked with making decisions without a clear outcome, so characterization of uncertainty is critical. This report describes the work and findings of the project. It took place in three phases: a literature review of social stability research, a “hindsight scan” that looked at historical data, and a “foresight scan” looking at future scenarios.

Olson, Jarrod; Kurzrok, Andrew J.; Hund, Gretchen; Fagley, Erik M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bones Metals Textile Wood Composting Community Developmentestablished a solid waste composting plant as a theme ofwaste sorting and composting plant, which was manufactured

Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 T ABLE 1: L ARGER HYDROELECTRIC AND DIVERSION PROJECTSin the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from the

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Asia Research Centre public lecture Pakistan and the challenges of a new decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Arab Spring isnt frustrated in countries like Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, and of course the ongoing

73

In search of appropriate architecture : a jamat khana in Hunza, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In today's world of technological advancement, communication has become easier than ever before. This, along with its benefits, has inflicted severe blows to architecture in developing nations. Concepts have been imitated ...

Pirani, Khalil Karim

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Picking up the pieces : transitional shelters for disaster relief in the northern mountainous regions of Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis seeks to tackle a complex problem - disaster housing relief - from the angle of architecture design discipline and attempts to find a logical approach to solve such a problem via an in depth examination of a ...

Lee, Weifeng Victoria

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Settlements of Afghan refugees in Pakistan : an evaluation of conditions and identification of problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis deals with the physical design of urban public housing projects. To meet the objectives stated in the preface, the following issues were addressed: The social hierarchy of the community; the administration of ...

Azadzoi, Mahammad Najim

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Climate change awareness and adaptation by local planning in Punjab, Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Climate change is a serious threat to the security and prosperity of the world in the twenty first century. Although it is inherently a global… (more)

Shahid, Zareen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possible new water and environmental management initiativesminimize the environmental costs) of water management, andenvironmental issues, the focus of the proposed body would be specifically on water management,

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

minimize the environmental costs) of water management, andspecifically on water management, with environmental issuespossible new water and environmental management initiatives

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

An economic appraisal of the small and cottage industries in East Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I tl I a 4 I It 4 4 ~ I t I 4 I I 1, 4 Il I I I 39 Xn4LLstxiIBX Reseaxoh Bnh XIevekoymsnt CexLtex"'. 41 . - 88~88 CantQXQ I ~ lft' I I I I O'I I I I 4 4 I I 4 I' I 4 ~ 4 4 I 4 4 4 41 Pi3Alt Px'ow'|sots I ~ I:, I 4 I y I ~ I I e I a I 4 4 I 4 L I I...Vilim. 1SheX. :. fnX0e . 6@X'in@ the 1eet -488SX1e' Xn. 1951 e Pikieten h84 hsg81y-: sng induetxiee, 'e0x'th jaeintionizrge hei e , xeeIQt 0f:"the;. 88vs10PILent . 44x'Axe the 1sst fest. geex'8''eni'inly' ! : txis1'. stwctum, ;w' the:e'0nnl~ ie, ' nee...

Zoha, Syed Shamsuz

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

80

E-Print Network 3.0 - antimalarial drugs pakistan Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to set logical priorities in anti-malarial drug discovery initiatives Ian C Boulton1, Solomon Nwaka2, Ian... A Ward*9 Abstract Despite increasing efforts and support for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in management of liquid and solid waste, Multan City, JuneResource Center. (2004). Solid waste management study,The secondary data on solid waste and its management aspects

Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Empathizing with France and Pakistan on Agricultural Subsidy Issues in the Doha Round  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 949 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 950 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 951 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 952 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 953 2007 Hein...Online -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 954 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 955 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 956 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 957 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 958 2007 HeinOnline -- 40...

Bhala, Raj

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

point, here we focus on India's policy of bilateralism, andRose, L. (1987). India's regional policy: nonmilitarypolicy interests by improving cooperation between India and

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

special issue of Water Nepal, 4, 1, September. Haddad,and its subsequent impacts in Nepal, India and China.Katmandu: WWF Nepal Country Program. Kathmandu Post (2005).

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relating to hydroelectricity generation, irrigation water,resources to generate hydroelectricity Managing watershedsFor example, micro-hydroelectricity generation may be an

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

E-Print Network 3.0 - au pakistan bien Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 72 1 Argentina Australia & New Zealand Education Argentina Buenos Aires Paraguay 647 piso 4 Of. 17 & 18 C1057AAG...

87

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from theirrigation and hydroelectric power generation schemes better

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Irfan Ullah Chaudhary Address: 47-D New Muslim Town, Lahore 54600, Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Technology Thesis Supervisor: Prof. Peter Hagelstein Thesis Title: Applications of group theory to few-body to excess heat production in Fleischmann-Pons experiments" (with P. L. Hagelstein) Low Energy Nuclear physics M.Sc. (Electrical Engineering) 1994-1995 Massachusetts Institute of Technology B.Sc. (Electrical

89

Opportunities for climate change adaptation in developing countries - a case of local governments in Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis is one of the first attempts in the context of urban Pakistani local governments that starts with a comprehensive inventory of what is… (more)

Janjua, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

A proposed college level teacher-training program in agricultural education for East Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PQRKQBTURR, "%- THi? UNXYED BMTMs At the time ef' the~ssage cf the Fedeiei Act~ 13Nle instrugMen on college level teacher-training was given th M~iroes whereas it' was ~ff&5~-with xdxita=tauw~s? Nor Megr45sx- ~M= thQ W@4?QLCiQQ. -~ fus po. "gt~~:pgQ@k g... extension soak en the sub-division arid higher. 2-- Agxicultxxxal xeseaech woxk in the dUfszent linies ef epeeisl- search and education branch of the Mx'actor'ats of Agxieultuxe? 'a'gx4eultv'gsl;sduosti~ , though . the agxiqu3, tm'al q~en'-sesylce. ie...

Ahmad, Moslehuddin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

91

Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOski Energy LLC Place:Ferry CountyElectric Utility

92

Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September2-SCORECARD-01-24-13 Page 1to Launch

93

Formation evaluation using wavelet analysis on logs of the Chinji and Nagri Formations, northern Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with sand proportion curves. Although changes in the wavelet energy profile were much more distinct with respect to grain size, lithic boundaries' locations were not detected based solely on the total of the wavelet energies. The data were also analyzed...

Tanyel, Emre Doruk

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

94

Mineralogical and Thermal Analyses of a Bangle Shard from Harrappa, an Indus Valley Settlement in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this research study we present initial results of a recent project in which mineralogical and thermal analysis were carried out on a terracotta bangle shard from Harrappa. We were surprised to find bentonite clay as the major constituent of the bangle shard. Also we have used knowledge of the mineralogical structure determined through X-ray diffraction and results of thermal analysis to predict value of firing temperature of the bangle shard.

Kayani, Saheeb Ahmed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Mineralogical and Thermal Analyses of a Bangle Shard from Harrappa, an Indus Valley Settlement in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this research study we present initial results of a recent project in which mineralogical and thermal analysis were carried out on a terracotta bangle shard from Harrappa. We were surprised to find bentonite clay as the major constituent of the bangle shard. Also we have used knowledge of the mineralogical structure determined through X-ray diffraction and results of thermal analysis to predict value of firing temperature of the bangle shard.

Saheeb Ahmed Kayani; Rehan ul Haq Siddiqui

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, United States, Vietnam Australia and New Zealand,...

97

NOAA Fisheries Observers An Integral Part of Observing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collection, tag recapture · Fisheries management, resource assessments, and bycatch reduction methodology, Papua New Guinea, Fed. States of Micronesia, Solomon Islands, Kiribati, and Vietnam) #12;11 Northeast

98

RICHARD H. GRANT, Professor of Agro-micrometeorology, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University B.S. 1977 Duke University (Distinction) 1974-1977  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management Association International Solar Energy Society Gamma Sigma Delta honorary agriculture research, Hungary, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mauritania, Mexico, Morroco, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Peoples Republic

Jackson, Scott A.

99

Albania 00-800-0010 American Samoa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-800-01-001 Palau SS Panama 800-0109 {Spanish} 800-2288 Papua New Guinea SS Paraguay Asuncion City 008-11-800 Peru

Fisher, Kathleen

100

A unified model of island biogeography sheds light on the zone of radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

890 50 1 46 43 3 0 Tonga Australia 699 3000 11 15 13 2 0 Palau Papua New Guinea 494 585 4 26 14 12 0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - agroforest sulawesi indonesia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Aceh, Papua, Central Sulawesi, Maluku Kenya Kuwait Liberia Myanmar (former Burma) Nepal Nigeria... Former USSR - Azerbaijan Kyrgystan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Guatemala Guyana...

102

Fast Out of the Gate: How Developing Asian Countries can Prepare...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development (LEAD) program: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, and Vietnam. LEDSGP green logo.png This...

103

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, and Vietnam. 7 Includes liquids produced from energy crops,...

104

journals, especially in mathematics and engineering, as well as boosting the impact of their research outside Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the chance of a research degree to many more people than in the past -- including those who do not have hasanopportunitytobuildontheirsuccessesandcorrecttheirshort- comings -- starting with an independent review of the commission's performance. USvisanightmares for no apparent reason. It is true that waiting times are improving. In late May, in response to mounting protests

Lin, Juhn-Jong

105

A comparative study of the systems of marketing eggs in the United States and in East Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gratitude is expressed to Dr. I. O. Linger for helpful suggestions snd comments. I am indebted to Doctors Car1 E. Shafer and Ray Billingsley for their suggestions and encouragement. I sm immensely thankful to the managers and owners of the egg farms... the practical aspects of marketing of farm products and the importance of public administration in agricul . ural development. Sincere thanks are due Mrs. Linda Fowler and Mrs. Judy Hewi. tt for typing the thesis during their off-duty time in the evenings...

Alam, Khurshid

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A limited survey of electrical distribution practices in the U.S.A. with possibilities of adaptability in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In towns densely populated areas, overhead lines are 10 clearly impossible. The use of curvilinear streets and irregular property lines, inherent in many new sub-division developments, have been influential in increasing the preference for under... supplied at 2. 4/4. 1B kv ?1th multi-grounded neutrals. Underground distribution is normally confined to small areas such as a single sub-division and is usually provided by single phase branches from three phase circuits used for general service...

Islam, Nazrul

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Secure or seclude : U.S. nuclear policy and nuclear states, a comparison of India and Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The U.S. has implemented a two-track nuclear policy since the Cold War. The first track is non-proliferation and the second track involves securing all nuclear… (more)

Chaney, Brent Buie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 15 JANUARY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1373 Stickslip advance of the Kohat Plateau in Pakistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are unable to sustain large earthquakes1 . Potwar, the widest of these plateaux is underlain by viscous salt2 average6,7 . This deceleration has been attributed to recently increased friction through the loss of salt of slip of the plateaux from steady creep towards increasingly widespread seismic rupture. A well

Bilham, Roger

109

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Pool Party TheELIWeekly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

111

The first fossil leptofoenine wasp (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae): A new species of Leptofoenus in Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) northeastern Australia Doddifoenus rex Bou?ek Papua New Guinea Genus Leptofoenus Smith Leptofoenus howardi (Ashmead) Paraguay, Brazil, Surinam Leptofoenus peleciniformis Smith Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Costa Rica Leptofoenus pittfi eldae Engel sp. n. Dominican...

Engel, Michael S.

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

112

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1101711096, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11017/2010/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Papua New Guinea, is one of the most heavily populated regions of the world. Biofuel and biomass burning easterly jet. Part of the pollution can reach the tropical tropopause layer, the gate- way

Meskhidze, Nicholas

113

Beyond the traditional : a new paradigm for Pakistani schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pakistan's greatest resource is its children, but only a small percentage of them make it through primary school. Pakistan needs to improve its literacy rate if it hopes to transition from a developing to a developed ...

Quadri, Mahjabeen, 1977-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Characterizing Internet Performance to Support Wide-area Application Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-of-the-way places, like Islamabad (Pakistan) or Paramaribo (Suriname), not just the Internet covering the USA

Tanenbaum, Andrew S.

115

Growing Social Structure: An Empirical Multiagent Excursion into Kinship in Rural North-West Frontier Province  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Rural North-West Frontier Province Armando Geller, Josephthe rural North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan. 2

Geller, Armando; Harrison, Joseph F.; Revelle, Matthew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

The world is established through the work of existence : the performance of Gham-Khadi among Pukhtun Bibiane in Northern Pakistan.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Saira Humayun, and Abida Khan, Mrs Marium Faridullah Khan, Mrs Qadir Khan Hod, Pinny Hod, Afshan Toru, Nadia Toru, and Dr. Shahin Habibullah. I am grateful to all the other people whose names I am unable to mention here but who allowed me to lift... bungalow, "raydoo" from radio, and TV). I have tried to capture this linguistic diversity in people's everyday conversations throughout this thesis. Figure 3- Pukhto-speaking regions are indicated by the light-, grey shade xii GLOSSARY abay...

Ahmed, Amineh A

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

117

From medical relief to community health care: A case study of a Non-Governmental Organisation (Frontier Primary Health Care) in North West Frontier Province, Pakistan   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This case study is designed to answer the question whether refugees can make a positive contribution to host countries, not simply as individual participants in economic activity, but by contributing to welfare. The ...

Patterson, Margaret Madeline

118

Search aaj.tv WebAaj TV Online -Pakistan Ki Awaz Home News Programme Schedule Corporate Distribution Downloads Archive Contact Us  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into electricity, according to the latest research. University of Massachusetts researchers isolated bacteria of Geobacter sulfurreducens which they called KN400 that grew prolifically on the graphite anodes of fuel cells. The bacteria formed a thick bio-film on the anode surface, which conducted electricity. The researchers found

Lovley, Derek

119

Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman 9th Grade, Metro High School, Columbus, Ohio The Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971 was for independence from Pakistan. India and Pakistan got Pakistan. Having control over the provinces, the West used up more resources than the East. Between 1948

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

120

Haneberg, W.C., Creighton, A.L., Medley, E.W., and Jonas, D.A., 2005, Use of LiDAR to assess slope haz-ards at the Lihir gold mine, Papua New Guinea, in O. Hungr, R. Fell, R. Couture, and E. Eberhardt, edi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The epithermal sulfide gold deposit was dis- covered in 1983 and mining commenced in 1997. Mining is scheduled of residual topography within a moving window, was especially useful for distinguishing colluvium landslides representation of topography around the mine and an invaluable tool for hazard assessment. #12;The three deposits

Haneberg, William C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic Latvia Belgium Uruguay Netherlands Australia CanadaAustria Canada Ireland Uruguay Portugal Singapore HungaryMexico Pakistan France Uruguay Ukraine Spain Italy Poland

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 14, 1988  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Libya, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Austria, Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland.

NONE

1988-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

123

E-Print Network 3.0 - amniotic sac extrusion Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2004 EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL YOLK SAC INFECTION WITH ESCHERICHIA Summary: Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 125 EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL YOLK SAC INFECTION WITH ESCHERICHIA COLI......

124

Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

Castro, Pedro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

81921Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 249 / Wednesday, December 29, 2010 / Rules and Regulations 252.2257044 Balance of Payments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.'' ``South Caucasus/Central and South Asian (SC/CASA) state'' means Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, or Uzbekistan. SC/CASA state construction

126

Towards an Intellectual Property Bargaining Theory: The Post-WTO Era  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

since January 29, 1996, Kazakhstan has been unsuccessful inId. Id. Id. Id, NTE – Kazakhstan. TOWARDS AN INTELLECTUALthe matter. 328 Argentina, Kazakhstan, and Pakistan, three

Benoliel, Daniel; Salama, Bruno

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

128

The Way Forward  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Draws together findings from the chain of analyses on Pakistan's Indus Basin, distinguishing between the relative significance of different scenarios, impacts, and adaptations, and highlighting recommendations for research, ...

Yu, Winston

129

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghan refugee camps Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 2 AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA Summary: Pakistan was keen to confine Afghan refugees to camps...

130

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates evaluation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emirates evaluation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab...

131

Corruption in India Andrew Sanchez  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

citizens to access resources and preferential state treatment to which they are not entitled. Second much worse, including regional neighbours Pakistan and Bangladesh. However, the real significance

132

Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

Franz, Sven Oliver

133

2004 01 12 2004 11 26  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Liu, T. K., Y. G. Chen, W. S. Chen, and S. H. Jiang 2000 "Rates of CoolingandDenudationofthe Early-Glacial Sea-Level Rise from a Coral Recordat HounPeninsula,Papua New Guinea." Nature 349: 147-149. Chen, W. S 1 2 3 #12; 41 () (regression) (transgression) 1 0.5 (Liu et al., 2000, 2001

Chen, Wen-Shan

134

2012 Graduate Destination Report for ANU Joint College of Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arab Emirates 1 1 United Kingdom, nfd 1 1 United States of America 3 3 Total 133 35 43 211 31 193 Canada 2 2 England 1 1 Germany 5 5 New Zealand 1 1 Papua New Guinea 1 1 Philippines 1 1 United

135

Crawford School Dialogue Australia's Role In Reducing Regional Deforestation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crawford School Dialogue Australia's Role In Reducing Regional Deforestation For more information of deforestation and forest degradation in neighbouring `rainforest nations' - especially Indonesia and Papua New deforestation at the Copenhagen (2009) and Cancun (2010) climate change conferences; and (b) the recent

Botea, Adi

136

Part II of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part II of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 deltas is adapted to describe the response of the Fly-Strickland River system, Papua of manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Pleistocene-Holocene eustatic sea level rise of some 120 m

Parker, Gary

137

Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

Parker, Gary

138

RESEARCH Open Access Application of satellite precipitation data to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and epizootic in other parts of Australia. Activity of MVEV in Western Australia (WA) is monitored by detection, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia Full list of author virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus. MVEV is enzootic in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea

Ebert, Beth

139

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT ACTIVE CONTINENTAL EXTENSION IN THE WESTERN WOODLARK BASIN, PAPUA NEW GUINEA Dr. Philippe Huchon CNRS, Laboratoire de Géologie �cole Normale Supérieure and Technology University of Hawaii at Manoa 2525 Correa Road Honolulu, HI 96822-2285 U.S.A. Dr. Adam Klaus Ocean

140

Z .Marine Chemistry 64 1999 229252 The chemical composition of shallow-water hydrothermal fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; accepted 1 September 1998 Abstract Z .Submarine, hydrothermal venting occurs at Tutum Bay in shallow 5­10 m in Tutum Bay, Ambitle Island, Papua New Guinea and their effect on ambient seawater Thomas Pichler a,) , Jan Veizer a,b , Gwendy E.M. Hall c a Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience Centre, Uni�ersity of Ottawa, Ottawa

Pichler, Thomas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Updated: September 23, 2014 Majed Akhter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Pakistan). #12;2 Updated: September 23, 2014 RESEARCH PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES Published/In press, M. Infrastructure nation: Hydraulic regionalism and fractured state space in Pakistan. Under review and resubmitted, June 2014] In preparation Akhter, M. The long hydraulic partition of British India: Territory

Robeson, Scott M.

142

Volume 131, Number 41 tech.mit.edu Friday, September 30, 2011 Oldest and Largest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WEATHER, p. 2 SECTIONS World & Nation 2 Opinion 4 Arts 12 Fun Pages 13 SportsRESS IN SAUdI ARAbIA? Believe it or not, there is a precedent for it OPINION, p. 4 AbANdON PAkISTAN Pakistan

143

Saudi Arabia Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

Russell, Lynn

144

Mitigating floods : reconstructing Lives : rehabilitating Thatta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pakistan was struck by floods in July 2010, the effects of which left 20.36 million people affected and 1.9 million homes damaged or destroyed'. In the province of Sindh in Pakistan, most of the affected population of the ...

Gul, Marium

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

The Delaware Lahore Delhi Partnership for Peace Invites you to a luncheon featuring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. foreign policy. He entered the Foreign Service of the United States in 1985 and since then has served: United States business opportunities in India and Pakistan. United States-India and United States and India and Pakistan. The luncheon program will provide ample time for questions from the audience. #12

Cakoni, Fioralba

146

The people in the city of the nation : re-viewing Islamabad's fifth function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is about Islamabad's center. Islamabad is a city built from scratch. It was the "dream" of Ayub Khan-Pakistan's gregarious and globe-trotting general-cum-president-and the product of its chief master planner, ...

Mohr, Robert Allen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Lessons Learned from Nonproliferation Successes and Failures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, Libya, Syria) and fail- ures (USSR, France, China, India, Pakistan-off Treaty) is not verifiable without very intrusive inspections directed by accurate intel- ligence. Libya

Katz, Jonathan I.

148

Phytologia (August 2008) 90(2)208 TAXONOMIC STUDY OF JUNIPERUS EXCELSA AND J.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of J. polycarpos K. Koch. from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan has been examined using from Armenia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Myrcene is a large component in the oils from Kazakhstan and Kazakhstan sites. Should thes

Adams, Robert P.

149

2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Vietnam 1 23 Algeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Uzbekistan 1 43

Auckland, University of

150

9/18/09 2:30 PMYour Newz -LifeCoach: alternative activities for Labradors -Similar news Page 1 of 4http://www.yournewz.com/similar/12592136/2009/08/25/category=0/source=0/0/LifeCoach:+alternative+activities+for+Labradors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] Categories Arts and Culture (803) Movies (829) Television (749) Music (513) More categories... Automobiles as a potential alternative to its prison camps in Cuba. Pakistan Lifts Longtime Ban on Political Activities

Temple, Blake

151

RECENT ADVANCES in HEAT and MASS TRANSFER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bashir Suleiman ,UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dagmar Janacova, CZECH REPUBLIC Jonas Gylys, LITHUANIA Jurij Krope Ali Elghalban, PAKISTAN Andrejs Reinfelds, LATVIA Andris Buikis, LATVIA Asad Salem, UNITED STATES, UNITED STATES Milivoje Kostic, UNITED STATES Mohammadmasoud Azhdari moghaddam, IRAN Nenad Kazic

Kostic, Milivoje M.

152

Aid and Peace A Critique of Foreign Assistance, Conflict and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..................................................... 63 3.11 Comparison of Lebanon and UMIC Nations .............................................. 64 3.12 Comparison Between Per Capita aid of LMICs and Pakistan .................... 66 3.13 Comparison Between Per Capita Aid of Iraq...

Kibriya, Shahriar

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

153

India’s Grand Strategy: Some Preliminary Thoughts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

twenty-first century. India’s policies, however, appear toPakistan’s policies, which treats India as an imminent andchanging Indian policy, in general India is not yet willing

HOYT, Timothy D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Two Years in the Life of the Indus River Basin [book chapter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reviews the major challenges and current water and agriculture context, plans, and policies following difficult years of drought and catastrophic monsoon flooding in Pakistan's Indus Basin. The years from 2009 through 2011 ...

Yu, Winston

155

Modeling Water, Climate, Agriculture, and the Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...

Yu, Winston

156

Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer by Helen Caldicott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer By Helen CaldicottPakistan. Helen Caldicott. Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer.about the true costs of nuclear power, the health effects of

Mirza, Umar Karim

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Fracture model for cemented aggregates Aleksander Zubelewicz, Darla G. Thompson, Martin Ostoja-Starzewski, Axinte Ionita, Devin Shunk et al.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy as a viable option for Pakistan J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 5, 013104 (2013) Bio-oil production by fast pyrolysis from agriculture residue in northeastern China J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 5

Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

158

Impact assessment of hydroclimatic change on water stress in the Indus Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ninety percent of Pakistan's agricultural output is produced in fields irrigated by the Indus basin irrigation system, the world's largest network of canals, dams, barrages and tubewells. River flows, primarily fed by snow ...

Rasheed, Bilhuda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

160W 156W 160W 140W  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germany Pakistan Puerto Rico (USA) #12;PRIVATE · Accenture (Consultant) · Advanced Environmental Associate) · Environmental Consulting & Technology, Inc (Environmental Scientist) · GardenBleu Landscape) · Clean Energy Coalition (Project Associate) · Detroiters Working for Environmental Justice (Climate

Awtar, Shorya

160

Dr. Everett V. Richardson Dr. E.V. Richardson was born on January 5, 1924, in Scottsbluff, Nebraska to Tom and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on projects in Pakistan, Venezuela, Egypt, India, and Bangladesh. His career included 17 years with the Water was a Fellow ASCE, Honorary Diplomat Engineering Water Resources and received the Hans Albert Einstein Award

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Trees (2007) 21:141150 DOI 10.1007/s00468-006-0104-0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

behavior in central Asian juniper trees has been forced by solar radiation variations controlled via cloud), Tibet (Br¨auning 1994; Br¨auning and Mantwill 2004), Nepal (Cook et al. 2003), Pakistan (Esper et al

162

Opportunities exist for the diversion of weapons-usable material at the front end of the fuel cycle, during which  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, North Korea, Pakistan, and South Africa. (South Africa abandoned its nuclear weapons in 1991. Libya of setting up its own enrichment or spent-fuel treat- ment facilities is enormous. Countries with a new

Laughlin, Robert B.

163

10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Uruguay 1 Argentine 5 Chile 4 Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal

Takada, Shoji

164

10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 128 - - 18 22 Asian and African Area Studies Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal 11 Bangladesh 15 Sri Lanka 4

Takada, Shoji

165

Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

´xico, Veracruz 95701, Mexico. 13Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA. 14Nordic Foundation for Development and Ecology, DK-1159 Copenhagen, Denmark. 15Bart De Dijn Environmental Consultancy, Paramaribo, Suriname. 16Florida International University...Republic. 126University ofWashington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA. 127PNG Institute of Biological Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea. 128University of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname. 129113-3885 Richet Rd, Prince George, British Columbia V2K 2J2, Canada. 130...

Laurence, William F.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

167

Spectroscopic measurement of an atomic wave function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Islamabad, Pakistan m University, Islamabad, Pakistan d 10 February 2003! Autler-Townes spectroscopy to determine the center- y emitted photons from a three-level atom, in g light, yields information about the position and W. P. Schleich, and M. S...!G , the function F(x ,dk) is sharply peaked at those values of x that satisfy sin~kx !56dk /G , ~11! and is zero everywhere else. The most general solutions of this equation are given by xn 1 51 1 k sin21~dk /G !1 pn k , ~12! xn 2 52 1 k sin21~dk...

Kapale, KT; Qamar, S.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Nuclear World Order and Nonproliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decision by India and Pakistan in May 1998 to conduct nuclear weapon tests and declare themselves as nuclear weapon states challenged South Asian regional stability calculations, US nonproliferation policy, and prevailing assumptions about international security. A decade later, the effects of those tests are still being felt and policies are still adjusting to the changed global conditions. This paper will consider non- and counter-proliferation policy options for the United States and Pakistan as they work as partners to prevent the transfer of nuclear technology and further nuclear proliferation.

Joeck, N

2007-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

169

Volume 130, Number 53 tech.mit.edu Friday, November 12, 2010 Oldest and Largest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forever OPN, p. 5 INdIa & pakIStaN: a balaNCING aCt Obama is extending a hand toward India, but he needs in all five dining halls (which Arab and Muslim students will enjoy), and breakfast (which many stu

Ishii, Hiroshi

170

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 34: 3648 (2014)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 34: 36­48 (2014) Published online 11 February 2013 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/joc.3664 Remote influence Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan ABSTRACT: The remote impact of South Asian black carbon (SABC) aerosol

171

Art Hobson, ahobson@uark.edu NWA Times, 31 August 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

War II heavy bombers. People still debate the effect of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs weapons, but without intercontinental range. Today, these weapons are humankind's greatest threat is Israel, with some 100 nuclear weapons. Pakistan is a nuclear power, but it's not in the Middle East

Hobson, Art

172

Conference Salam/Musset  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Le DG L.Van Hove introduit le Prof. A.Salam né en 1926 dans l'ouest du Pakistan, un des gagnants du prix nobel de physique de cette année. Célébration de ses contributions théoriques mondialement connues. Aprčs chaque discours, un petit historique est présenté par Paul Musset. Mention honorable aussi pour l'expérience Gargamelle et ses collaborateurs.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

173

Open space system study for the Dacca metropolitan area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the construction of the second canital. t Pakistan Rs. 5. 00:= US 8 1. 00 CHAPTER TV DESIGN OF THE STUDY An Ecological Approach for Landscape Architecture and Planning Most planning practices in the world have follcwed the uniform pattern of zoning...

Rab, Wajeda Jafar

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Project Management and Analysis Project Conception and Execution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TD 608 Project Management and Analysis Part I Project Conception and Execution Milind Sohoni of the paper? How does the author compare India and Pakistan? Do you agree with the cost-benefit analysis? What are your criticisms? Compare the CBA with our 6-goat system. Comment on the viability of the project

Sohoni, Milind

175

Facing Our Reality David Ostermeier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria,Yemen Asia: China, India, South Korea Africa: Morocco; Scientists suggest 35 M tons is a safe level Corral reefs & Marine ecosystems Increases in severe weather Changing global weather patterns Early springtime snow melt & snowmelt decline (18%/decade vs 11 percent

Gray, Matthew

176

Summer 2014 BOSTONIA 11 In April The new  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the improvement of the human condi- tion around the globe, will open in the fall. Najam, a College of Arts numerous books and more than 100 scholarly articles exploring sustainable development, Muslim and South in Pakistan. "Mr. Pardee's generosity allows us to build something truly unique and meaningful," Najam says

177

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ummah Tameer E-Nau (UTN) N 4 United Arab Emirates Energy Global International FZE B,C,M,N 5 United Arab Emirates International General Resourcing FZE M 6 United Arab Emirates Modern Technologies FZC (MTFZC) N 7 United Arab Emirates Petroiran Development Company (PEDCO

Takada, Shoji

178

4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC 2011)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zealand, Pakistan, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. After peer-reviewing all the submissions, the Program, and United States. The three invited speakers are: Professor Manish Parashar (Rutgers: The State University

Buyya, Rajkumar

179

Ira Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ira Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Physicians for Social Responsibility NUCLEAR FAMINE: A BILLION PEOPLE AT RISK Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture of studies have shown that a limited, regional nuclear war between India and Pakistan would cause significant

Robock, Alan

180

A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

New Hampshire, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams? TransAsia Pipeline System (TAPS): A Shared Natural Gas Pipeline situations where there are eager purchasers of natural gas (India and Pakistan), willing suppliers of natural

182

GEOG 5: PEOPLE AND EARTH'S ECOSYSTEMS LAB 2: POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are a delegate to the United Nations for one of the following countries, Pakistan, China, India, USA, Japan your future? Part 3. Presentation and Policy One student will present the country's population policy based on the different approaches explained by the TA. Write down the main points of your policy. Part 4

183

Homage to Frank von Hippel Remarks at the dinner culminating the WWS-Bulletin Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that there should be zero nuclear testing below ground ­ zero, not even itty bitty nuclear tests below some low that could allow Americans to think of Russians as different enough that exterminating them in a nuclear war key country where nuclear weapons policy is alive: Russia, India, Pakistan, China, Japan, Brazil

184

Vulture restaurants and their role in reducing diclofenac exposure in Asian vultures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vultures in Pakistan found that acute renal failure, manifested as visceral gout, was the proximate cause) field cases of visceral gout tested, whereas vultures dying from other causes were all negative for the drug (n 5 13). Subsequently, tissues collected from 14 vultures with visceral gout in India and Nepal

Johnson, Jeff A.

185

Free-Space Optical High-Speed Link in the Urban Area of Southern Rome: Preliminary Experimental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free-Space Optical High-Speed Link in the Urban Area of Southern Rome: Preliminary Experimental Set is placed on water particle effects (fog and rain). A semi-empirical model evaluation of these atmospheric, Piazza Pakistan, height 50 m), and the headquarters of the Department of Foreign Trade (point C, Viale

Marzano, Frank Silvio

186

2 MARCH 2007 VOL 315 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org1224 he world may no longer face a serious  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(4). India and Pakistan, for instance, have previously tested nuclear weapons and are now thought of global nuclear warfare, but regional conflicts continue. Within this milieu, acquiring nuclear weapons). Eight nations are known to have nuclear weapons. In addition, North Korea may have a small, but growing

Stenchikov, Georgiy L.

187

178 Seismological Research Letters Volume 79, Number 2 March/April 2008 INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006 North Korea announced that it had con- ducted a nuclear weapons test, its first, at the Chik nuclear test, carried out by Pakistan on 30 May 1998 (Wallace 1998). The North Korean event was small (4 seismometers. Therefore, it provides a nice test of the nuclear explosion monitoring capability of the open

Koper, Keith D.

188

Population Processes Demographic Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicator is the best? A) Crude Birth Rate B) General Fertility Rate C) Age Specific Fertility Rate D) Total Fertility Rate E) Replacement Fertility 5 6 Measuring Fertility Crude Birth Rate General of Sudan (north) Nigeria Pakistan Kenya Philippines India Bangladesh Egypt Indonesia Mexico Russia Vietnam

Huang, Youqin

189

arXiv:submit/0451583[physics.gen-ph]8Apr2012 Including Nuclear Degrees of Freedom in a Lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of condensed matter physics. In the Fleischmann­Pons excess heat effect [4, 5], a great deal of energy Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA E-mail: plh@mit.edu 2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology. Lahore, Pakistan Abstract. Motivated by many

Williams, Brian C.

190

Evidences of Evolution 1. African Elephants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Population density ·One tribe went bersek, as though more glucose was added at the 33k gen? ·Analyze ·Plate cultures vs Shake flask ·Ara+ = white colonies; Ara- = red colonies ·Founding population, 12 from Eocene beds of Africa and Pakistan (Drawing by Carl Buell) #12;OTHER EVOLUTION THEORIES

Mittal, Aditya

191

National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis Prepared by: Muhammad Iqbal Sial PhD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2nd Draft Desk Study on National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis PAKISTAN Prepared ENERGY SUPPLY MIX. 19 6. IMPROVED STOVE PROGRAMME 20 7. SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF WOODFUEL PRODUCTION, UTILIZATION AND TRADE 22 7.1. Contribution in agricultural production 22 7.2. Impact on rural income

192

FEATURENEWS 6 5 4 | N A T U R E | V O L 4 9 1 | 2 9 N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Singapore Vietnam Pakistan Malaysia Philippines Thailand Taiwan Australia Indonesia SouthKorea Japan India. Coal reserves have not increased in size, but the supply will last for at least a cen- tury at current abundant supplies of fossil fuels. AFTERKYOTO The legacy of a climate treaty nature.com/kyoto Coal Oil

Toohey, Darin W.

193

Workshop on sardine and anchovy fluctuations By Shin-ichi Ito, Michio J. Kishi, Bernard A. Megrey, Kenneth A. Rose and Francisco E. Werner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capacity Building/ Enhancement for Sustainable Development in Developing Countries Program (CAPaBLE, http, Mexico, Pakistan, the Philippines, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America of climate change effects up the marine food-web; Quantify its effects on energy cycling and fish growth

194

Apidologie 40 (2009) 296312 Available online at: c INRA/DIB-AGIB/EDP Sciences, 2009 www.apidologie.org  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

years between 1880 and 1980 the South and Southeast Asian nations of In- dia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka population density, and in some countries such as Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh, rapid population growth con for nesting, and often involve reduction in food resources and the use of pesticides. In some cases, direct in

Boyer, Edmond

195

Visiting Researchers in FY2011 EuropeOceaniaMiddle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Decision Science and Technology Chemical Resources Laboratory Materials and Structures Bangladesh Mongolia Nepal Laos Pakistan 26 13 12 8 6 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Affiliation North America of Information Science and Engineering Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology Chemical Resources

196

Coping with changing water resources: The case of the Syr Darya river basin in Central Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coping with changing water resources: The case of the Syr Darya river basin in Central Asia A. Sorg adaptation measures will be needed to cope with changing water resources. In view of the geo, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan make up an area that is larger in size than India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Stoffel, Markus

197

International development projects, supporting education, health, business, children and more...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. We want to be sure that what we do makes a genuine difference in people. We will continue to invest our time, our resources, our passion and our commitment, building on our and management. Freely accessible learning resources The rise of Open Educational Resources (OERs) has created

Bandara, Arosha

198

Summary for Policymakers Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy,Yale University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control and natural resource management challenges. With budgetary constraints an issue around the world Pollution (effects on human health) · Air Pollution (ecosystem effects) · Water Resources (ecosystem effects Viet Nam 17 17 Mongolia 13 18 Bangladesh 5 19 China 20 20 Pakistan 16 21 India 19 East Europe & Central

Columbia University

199

Contact Us! The Center for South Asian Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emerging in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ne- pal, Bhutan, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka. Sponsored by the Duke Center for South Asian Studies, the Certificate will provide you with resources countries like India and Bangladesh have become key locations for international businesses looking to export

Zhou, Pei

200

the academy of sciences for the developing world tenable in developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan and Thailand for scientists from developing countries year Age limit: 30 TWAS-icipe Fellowships for Postgraduate Research in Kenya The International Centre (other than Kenya) who wish to obtain a PhD in the natural sciences, especially focusing on integrated

Wagner, Stephan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Marine Fisheries On the cover: The queen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Pakistan Fish Rules, Caribbean Pollution, and Japan: Billfish, Surimi, and 1980 Imports 27 Pacific Salmonid. or to this publication furnished by NMFS, in any advertising or sales promotion which would indicate or imply that NMFS, or which has as its purpose an intent to cause directly or indirectly the advertised product to be used

202

Hazardous waste management in the Pacific basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hazardous waste control activities in Asia and the Pacific have been reviewed. The review includes China (mainland, Hong Kong, and Taiwan), Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. It covers the sources of hazardous waste, the government structure for dealing with hazardous waste, and current hazardous waste control activities in each country. In addition, the hazardous waste program activities of US government agencies, US private-sector organizations, and international organizations are reviewed. The objective of these reviews is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current hazardous waste problems and the waste management approaches being used to address them so that new program activities can be designed more efficiently.

Cirillo, R.R.; Chiu, S.; Chun, K.C.; Conzelmann, G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carpenter, R.A.; Indriyanto, S.H. [East-West Center, Honolulu, HI (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/4: Missile Control in South Asia and the Role of Cooperative Monitoring Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The succession of nuclear tests by India and Pakistan in May 1998 has changed the nature of their missile rivalry, which is only one of numerous manifestations of their relationship as hardened adversaries, deeply sensitive to each other's existing and evolving defense capabilities. The political context surrounding this costly rivalry remains unmediated by arms control measures or by any nascent prospect of detente. As a parallel development, sensible voices in both countries will continue to talk of building mutual confidence through openness to avert accidents, misjudgments, and misinterpretations. To facilitate a future peace process, this paper offers possible suggestions for stabilization that could be applied to India's and Pakistan's missile situation. Appendices include descriptions of existing missile agreements that have contributed to better relations for other countries as well as a list of the cooperative monitoring technologies available to provide information useful in implementing subcontinent missile regimes.

Kamal, N.; Sawhney, P.

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

JPRS report proliferation issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa, Namibia; (2) China; (3) South Korea, Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines; (4) Yugoslavia; (5) Brazil, Argentina, Cuba; (6) India, Libya, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) France, Germany, Netherlands.

NONE

1991-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

205

JPRS report proliferation issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

NONE

1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

206

Newsfront 5-18 November 2007, Issue 40  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

during the Holi festival. They used both which made everybody laugh. (Photo 5 on front page) Next it was time for the palanquin procession. Grandsons and others lifted the elders for a procession around the garden. Fear turned to exhilaration... to two years," she said. Bhutto asked the international community to put pressure on Musharraf to reverse his decision so that free and fair elections could be held. Reports from Pakistan suggested that private TV channels have been taken off air...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

207

Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 3, Issue 5, January - June 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

material. “Tut-tut,” you say. “A purloined phrase... an undocumented source? Where’s the harm? Everybody does it!” Purloined phrase? Not quite. One of the sources cited for apparently minor points was in fact looted: page after page was lifted... , Pakistan, and China. The coverage extended to leading periodic magazines, such as Newsweek and Atlantic Monthly and the conservationist literature. Television coverage was also extensive world-wide. Examples are restricted to the more recent period...

Mainali, Kumar P

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Policy issues facing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and prospects for the future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is divided into the following 5 sections: (1) Background; (2) Major Issues Facing Ratification of CTBT; (3) Current Status on CTBT Ratification; (4) Status of CTBT Signatories and Ratifiers; and (5) CTBT Activities Not Prohibited. The major issues facing ratification of CTBT discussed here are: impact on CTBT of START II and ABM ratification; impact of India and Pakistan nuclear tests; CTBT entry into force; and establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization.

Sweeney, J.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Study of the effect of seasonal desiccation and wetting on the strength of highway subgrade soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for possible deteriora- tion of soil strength due to cyolic drying and wetting. Likewise the test procedure (28) used by the Kansas State Highway Commission provides for saturation ranging from a few minutes to two weeks, depending on the density... (il, ). East Pakistan can be divided into three broad geological divisions: (a) the deltaic coastal areas; (b) the broad alluvial valleys of the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers through the central, western and northern portion of the country; and (c...

Biswas, Bhupati Ranjan

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

11/3/08 2:46 PMTorture by Worms -New York Times Page 1 of 2http://select.nytimes.com/2007/02/18/opinion/18kristof.html?pagewanted=print  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11/3/08 2:46 PMTorture by Worms - New York Times Page 1 of 2http://select.nytimes.com/2007 the issue on the agenda, Pakistan worked energetically with the Carter Center to eliminate the parasite in that country. #12;11/3/08 2:46 PMTorture by Worms - New York Times Page 2 of 2http://select.nytimes.com/2007

Davis, Richard E.

211

Brandeis University International Student & Scholar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India 69 India 22 Saudi Arabia 27 Canada 13 Taiwan 24 Israel 12 Israel 18 Vietnam 10 Nigeria 16 Turkey 8/Kenya/Spain/Thailand/Venezuela 4 Pakistan 11 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13/Television/Interactive Media 1 1 Finance 64 23 87 Genetic Counseling 3 3 General Studies/Undeclared 282 1 283 Health Policy

Fraden, Seth

212

Freezing the fighting: Military disengagement on the Siachen Glacier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1984, India and Pakistan have confronted each other militarily for control over the Siachen Glacier and its approaches in the eastern Karakoram mountain range, adjacent to the borders of India, Pakistan, and China. The longest-running armed conflict between two regular armies in the twentieth century, the conflict in Siachen has resulted in hundreds of casualties, mainly because of adverse climatic conditions and harsh terrain. The economic cost of sustaining a conflict in that geographically remote and climatically inhospitable region has also been extremely high for both countries. Past efforts by India and Pakistan to find a mutually acceptable solution have failed, mainly because of mutual distrust and suspicion. This paper examines Indian and Pakistani perceptions, preference, and policies, and identifies options for resolving the conflict. This paper also identifies the most appropriate verification and monitoring technologies to assist policy-makers in ensuring agreement stability and compliance. While a future agreement on resolving the dispute will depend, above all, on the political will of the Indian and Pakistani leaderships, adequate, appropriate verification and monitoring mechanism will enhance their ability to reach a sustainable and durable accord of the Siachen conflict. 1 fig.

Ahmed, S. [Asia Foundation, Islamabad (Pakistan); Sahni, V. [Jawaharlal Nehru Univ., New Delhi (India)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Blood and hair lead in children with different extents of iron deficiency in Karachi  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Childhood iron deficiency has a high incidence in Pakistan. Some but not all studies have shown that dietary iron deficiency may cause increased absorption of lead as both compete for the same transporters in the small intestine. Therefore, children in Pakistan, residing in heavily polluted cities like Karachi may be prone to lead poisoning. This hypothesis was tested by investigating blood and hair lead concentrations in children from Karachi who were divided into four groups of iron status; normal, borderline iron deficiency, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia. A prospective observational study was conducted where 269 children were categorized into four groups of iron status using the World Health Organization criteria and one based on soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood iron status was determined using a full blood count, serum iron, ferritin, transferrin saturation and soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood lead was determined by graphite atomic absorption spectroscopy, whereas hair lead was assessed using an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy technique. Blood lead concentrations were significantly higher in children with iron deficiency anaemia (mean [95% confidence intervals] were 24.9 [22.6-27.2] {mu}g/dL) compared to those with normal iron status (19.1 [16.8-21.4] {mu}g/dL) using WHO criteria. In contrast, hair lead content was not significantly different in children of different iron status. Our findings reinforce the importance of not only reducing environmental lead pollution but also the development of national health strategies to reduce childhood iron deficiency in Pakistan.

Ataur Rahman, Muhammad; Rahman, Bushra [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan)] [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan); Saeed Ahmad, Muhammad [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom); Blann, Andrew [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom)] [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom); Ahmed, Nessar, E-mail: N.Ahmed@mmu.ac.uk [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

US, Russian intelligence agencies offer proliferation assessments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CIA outlined for the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee (February 24, 1993) the prospects for the spread of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and ballistic missiles in the aftermath of the Cold War. The testimony came less than one month after the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service released an 118-page report that also stressed the importance of preventing proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. CIA testimony and the FIS report both provided details on several states of proliferation concern, including North Korea, Iran, India, and Pakistan.

Wolfsthal, J.B.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Popular Television and Visual Culture: Intentions and Perceptions of Aliens in America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Tolchuks anticipate that their teenage son Justin will become more popular at school by associating with an international student. In the first episode, their plan takes an unexpected turn when the family expecting to host a blond-haired, blue...-eyed Scandinavian high school student, instead meets Raja, a Muslim teenager from Pakistan. The title of the show, Aliens in America, is a play on words in that the lead characters, Justin an American student and Raja a Pakistani exchange 12 student, are both...

Sourdot, Ludovic A.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

216

Atom localization and center-of-mass wave-function determination via multiple simultaneous quadrature measurements RID A-5077-2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology, G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Max-Planck-Institut f?r Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany 3Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 4Texas A&M University... at Qatar, Education City, P.O. Box 23874, Doha, Qatar #1;Received 5 December 2006; published 8 May 2007#2; We discuss localization and center-of-mass wave-function measurement of a quantum particle using multiple simultaneous dispersive interactions...

Evers, Joerg; Qamar, Shahid; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Entanglement of Gaussian states using a beam splitter RID A-4660-2010 RID B-8901-2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;2002#2;. #3;8#4; W. P. Schleich, Quantum Optics in Phase Space #1;Wiley, New York, 2001#2;. #3;9#4; S. M. Tan, D. F. Walls, and M. J. Collett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 252 #1;1991#2;. #3;10#4; B. C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6811 #1;1992#2;; B. C. Sanders, K...Entanglement of Gaussian states using a beam splitter Rabia Tahira,1 Manzoor Ikram,1 Hyunchul Nha,2,* and M. Suhail Zubairy1,2,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Texas A&M University...

Tahira, Rabia; Ikram, Manzoor; Nha, Hyunchul; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

China's Energy Management System Program for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 | iipnetwork.org Waste Heat Recovery in Cement – Market Status 4 5 7 15 24 9 12 24 26 739 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Rest of World Americas Europe Mid East Other Asia Pakistan Thailand Japan India China...MS Implementation guidance for Thermal Power – EnMS Implementation guidance for Coke – EnMS Implementation guidance Plate Coal Industry – M&V guidance on energy performance • 2015 – EnMS Implementation guidance for Paper – EnMS Implementation guidance...

Hedman, B.; Yu, Y.; Friedman, Z.; Taylor, R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Buddist Architecture in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sites like S"nchi and Taxila (Pakistan) have Euch fine Buddhist monuments, even though they were not visited by Buddha. The earliest Buddhist monuments in India are attributable to Asoka (273-32 B.C.) who exerted his eneigies and the resources of his... of Paharpur in Bangladesh and Borobudur in Java, both dating from circa A.D. 800. V3is3li (Di~trict Muzaffarpur), which was a favourite resort of Buddha and one of the eight holy places of Buddhism has an uninscribed Mauryan pillar, besides extensive...

Deva, Krishna

220

ARM Research in the Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade and Counting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tropical western Pacific (TWP) is an important climatic region. Strong solar heating, warm sea surface temperatures and the annual progression of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) across this region generate abundant convective systems, which through their effects on the heat and water budgets have a profound impact on global climate and precipitation. To accurately represent tropical cloud systems in models, measurements of tropical clouds, the environment in which they reside, and their impact on the radiation and water budgets are needed. Because of the remote location, ground-based datasets of cloud, atmosphere, and radiation properties from the TWP region have traditionally come primarily from short-term field experiments. While providing extremely useful information on physical processes, these datasets are limited in statistical and climatological information because of their short duration. To provide long-term measurements of the surface radiation budget in the tropics, and the atmospheric properties that affect it, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program established a measurement site on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea in 1996 and on the island republic of Nauru in late 1998. These sites provide unique datasets available from more than 10 years of operation in the equatorial western Pacific on Manus and Nauru. We present examples of the scientific use of these datasets including characterization of cloud properties, analysis of cloud radiative forcing, model studies of tropical clouds and processes, and validation of satellite algorithms. We also note new instrumentation recently installed at the Manus site that will expand opportunities for tropical atmospheric science.

Long, Charles N.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Minnis, Patrick; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Mather, James H.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Mace, Gerald G.; Jensen, Michael; Jakob, Christian

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "niue pakistan papua" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

222

Gas Centrifuges and Nuclear Proliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas centrifuges have been an ideal enrichment method for a wide variety of countries. Many countries have built gas centrifuges to make enriched uranium for peaceful nuclear purposes. Other countries have secretly sought centrifuges to make highly enriched uranium for nuclear weapons. In more recent times, several countries have secretly sought or built gas centrifuges in regions of tension. The main countries that have been of interest in the last two decades have been Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. Currently, most attention is focused on Iran, Pakistan, and North Korea. These states did not have the indigenous abilities to make gas centrifuges, focusing instead on illicit and questionable foreign procurement. The presentation covered the following main sections: Spread of centrifuges through illicit procurement; Role of export controls in stopping proliferation; Increasing the transparency of gas centrifuge programs in non-nuclear weapon states; and, Verified dismantlement of gas centrifuge programs. Gas centrifuges are important providers of low enriched uranium for civil nuclear power reactors. They also pose special nuclear proliferation risks. We all have special responsibilities to prevent the spread of gas centrifuges into regions of tension and to mitigate the consequences of their spread into the Middle East, South Asia, and North Asia.

Albright, David

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Cooperative measures to support the Indo-Pak Agreement Reducing Risk from Accidents Relating to Nuclear Weapons.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2012, India and Pakistan reaffirmed the Agreement on Reducing the Risk from Accidents Relating to Nuclear Weapons. Despite a history of mutual animosity and persistent conflict between the two countries, this agreement derives strength from a few successful nuclear confidence building measures that have stood the test of time. It also rests on the hope that the region would be spared a nuclear holocaust from an accidental nuclear weapon detonation that might be misconstrued as a deliberate use of a weapon by the other side. This study brings together two emerging strategic analysts from South Asia to explore measures to support the Agreement and further develop cooperation around this critical issue. This study briefly dwells upon the strategic landscape of nuclear South Asia with the respective nuclear force management structures, doctrines, and postures of India and Pakistan. It outlines the measures in place for the physical protection and safety of nuclear warheads, nuclear materials, and command and control mechanisms in the two countries, and it goes on to identify the prominent, emerging challenges posed by the introduction of new weapon technologies and modernization of the respective strategic forces. This is followed by an analysis of the agreement itself leading up to a proposed framework for cooperative measures that might enhance the spirit and implementation of the agreement.

Mishra, Sitakanta; Ahmed, Mansoor

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Cooperative Mmonitoring Center Occasional Paper/5: Propspects of Conventional Arms Control in South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intensely adversarial relationship between India and Pakistan is marked by military rivalry, mutual distrust, and suspicion. The most dividing disagreement has been over the Kashmir region. An inability to discuss the Kashmir issue has prevented discussion on other important issues. Since there is little prospect of detente, at least in the near-term, the question is whether this rivalry can be contained by other means, such as arms control approaches. Conventional arms control has been applied flexibly and successfully in some regions to reduce threat-perceptions and achieve reassuring military stability. Some lessons from other international models might be applied to the India/Pakistan context. This paper discusses the status of conventional arms control in South Asia, the dominant Indian and Pakistani perceptions about arms control, the benefits that could be derived from arms control, as well as the problems and prospects of arms control. It also discusses existing conventional arms control agreements at the regional and global levels as well as the potential role of cooperative monitoring technology.

Gupta, Amit; Kamal, Nazir

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Energy and growth, a comparison of 13 industrial and developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The traditional approach to national energy issues and planning has been strongly supply oriented-planning has focused on aggregate quantities like fuel production, imports and exports, and how to meet growing demand by adding to supplies. The most serious flaw in this approach is that it dehumanizes energy planning by ignoring the major determinants and opportunities for change which lie at the level of individual people and their needs. This book demonstrates that sound energy planning must be rooted in a detailed understanding of energy demand and the social and economic activities which not only consume energy but also make up the pattern of life in a country. Its approach combines analysis of energy use with coverage of a wide sample of countries. The countries studied are UK, France, West Germany, USA, Japan, Philippines, Brazil, Portugal, Chile, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Kenya.

Leach, G.; Jarass, L.; Obermair, G.M.; Hoffmann, L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

The formation and maintenance of single-thread tie channels entering floodplain lakes: observations from three diverse river systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tie channels connect rivers to floodplain lakes on many lowland rivers and thereby play a central role in floodplain sedimentology and ecology, yet they are generally unrecognized and little studied. here we report the results of field studies focused on tie channel origin and morphodynamics in three contrasting systems: the Middle Fly River, Papua New Guinea, the Lower Mississippi River, and Birch Creek in Alaska. Across these river systems, tie channels vary by an order of magnitude in size but exhibit the same characteristic morphology and appear to develop and evolve by a similar set of processes. In all three systems, the channels are characterized by a narrow, leveed single-thread morphology with maximum width approximately one tenth the width of the mainstem river. The channels typically have a V shaped cross-section, unlike most fluvial channels. These channels develop as lakes become isolated from the river by sedimentation. Narrowing of the connection between river and lake causes a sediment-laden jet to develop. Levees develop along the margins of the jet leading to channel emergence and eventual levee aggradation to the height of the mainstem levees. Bi-directional flow in these channels is common. Outflows from the lake scour sediment and prevent channel blockage. We propose that channel geometry and size are then controlled by a dynamic balance between channel narrowing by suspended sediment deposition and incision and widening by mass failure of banks during outflows. Tie channels are laterally stable and may convey flow for hundreds to a few thousand of years.

Rowland, Joel C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dietrich, William E [UC BERKELEY; Day, Geoff [NEWCREST MINING; Parker, Gary [UNIV OF ILLINOIS

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The evolution and hydrocarbon habitat of the Papuan fold belt, PNG  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After over 70 years of hydrocarbon exploration in the Papuan fold belt of PNG (Papua New Guinea) there have been a number of hydrocarbon discoveries over recent years that have confirmed its potential as a significant producing province. The Papuan basin developed during the early Mesozoic as part of the northeast corner of the Australian passive margin. The basin's tertiary evolution and the development of the Papuan fold belt within the Papuan basin has evolved in response to oblique convergence between the northerly moving Australian plate and westerly moving Pacific plate. Restacking of the Mesozoic passive margin sequence within the Papuan Basin was initiated in the early miocene by southward abduction of the Solomon Sea plate and the subsequent collision, in the late Miocene, of the Melanesian Island arc along the northeastern margin of PNG. This later collision provided the driving mechanism for the development of the papuan thrust belt. To date, all the significant hydrocarbon discoveries made within the Papuan fold belt have been located within the frontal zone of the fold belt, which is characterized by relatively simple ramp anticlines and thick-skinned inversion structures. The primary proven reservoir fairway is the Jurassic Toro formation, which is a sequence of stacked submarine bars prograding out across a shallow-marine low-gradient shelf. Geochemical analysis of produced hydrocarbons and samples collected from the many surface seeps found in the fold belt indicate two main families of oil. A model explains the distribution of hydrocarbons discovered to date, which involves Jurassic and Cretaceous source intervals and a complex history of secondary migration and entrapment. The unique technical problems associated with exploration of the Papuan fold belt leave many elements of the proven play systems uncertain, but in so doing, they present many challenges and opportunities for the future.

Dalton, D.G.; Smith, R.I.; Cawley, S.J. (BP Australia Ltd., Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Radiative Heating of the ISCCP Upper Level Cloud Regimes and its Impact on the Large-scale Tropical Circulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiative heating profiles of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud regimes (or weather states) were estimated by matching ISCCP observations with radiative properties derived from cloud radar and lidar measurements from the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites at Manus, Papua New Guinea, and Darwin, Australia. Focus was placed on the ISCCP cloud regimes containing the majority of upper level clouds in the tropics, i.e., mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), deep cumulonimbus with cirrus, mixed shallow and deep convection, and thin cirrus. At upper levels, these regimes have average maximum cloud occurrences ranging from 30% to 55% near 12 km with variations depending on the location and cloud regime. The resulting radiative heating profiles have maxima of approximately 1 K/day near 12 km, with equal heating contributions from the longwave and shortwave components. Upper level minima occur near 15 km, with the MCS regime showing the strongest cooling of 0.2 K/day and the thin cirrus showing no cooling. The gradient of upper level heating ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 K/(day?km), with the most convectively active regimes (i.e., MCSs and deep cumulonimbus with cirrus) having the largest gradient. When the above heating profiles were applied to the 25-year ISCCP data set, the tropics-wide average profile has a radiative heating maximum of 0.45Kday-1 near 250 hPa. Column-integrated radiative heating of upper level cloud accounts for about 20% of the latent heating estimated by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR). The ISCCP radiative heating of tropical upper level cloud only slightly modifies the response of an idealized primitive equation model forced with the tropics-wide TRMM PR latent heating, which suggests that the impact of upper level cloud is more important to large-scale tropical circulation variations because of convective feedbacks rather than direct forcing by the cloud radiative heating profiles. However, the height of the radiative heating maxima and gradient of the heating profiles are important to determine the sign and patterns of the horizontal circulation anomaly driven by radiative heating at upper levels.

Li, Wei; Schumacher, Courtney; McFarlane, Sally A.

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

229

Parameterization and analysis of 3-D radiative transfer in clouds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a summary of major accomplishments from the project. The project examines the impact of radiative interactions between neighboring atmospheric columns, for example clouds scattering extra sunlight toward nearby clear areas. While most current cloud models don�t consider these interactions and instead treat sunlight in each atmospheric column separately, the resulting uncertainties have remained unknown. This project has provided the first estimates on the way average solar heating is affected by interactions between nearby columns. These estimates have been obtained by combining several years of cloud observations at three DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility sites (in Alaska, Oklahoma, and Papua New Guinea) with simulations of solar radiation around the observed clouds. The importance of radiative interactions between atmospheric columns was evaluated by contrasting simulations that included the interactions with those that did not. This study provides lower-bound estimates for radiative interactions: It cannot consider interactions in cross-wind direction, because it uses two-dimensional vertical cross-sections through clouds that were observed by instruments looking straight up as clouds drifted aloft. Data from new DOE scanning radars will allow future radiative studies to consider the full three-dimensional nature of radiative processes. The results reveal that two-dimensional radiative interactions increase overall day-and-night average solar heating by about 0.3, 1.2, and 4.1 Watts per meter square at the three sites, respectively. This increase grows further if one considers that most large-domain cloud simulations have resolutions that cannot specify small-scale cloud variability. For example, the increases in solar heating mentioned above roughly double for a fairly typical model resolution of 1 km. The study also examined the factors that shape radiative interactions between atmospheric columns and found that local effects were often much larger than the overall values mentioned above, and were especially large for high sun and near convective clouds such as cumulus. The study also found that statistical methods such as neural networks appear promising for enabling cloud models to consider radiative interactions between nearby atmospheric columns. Finally, through collaboration with German scientists, the project found that new methods (especially one called �stepwise kriging�) show great promise in filling gaps between cloud radar scans. If applied to data from the new DOE scanning cloud radars, these methods can yield large, continuous three-dimensional cloud structures for future radiative simulations.

Varnai, Tamas

2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

230

Deterring regional threats from nuclear proliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most prominent shift in the National Military Strategy is from the global Soviet threat to a new focus on regional contingencies. No threat looms larger in these contingencies than the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. This study examines proliferation trends and proposes a predominately diplomatic strategy for containing the problem. Dr. Spector identifies three waves of proliferation: the first is the five states with declared weapons and doctrine-the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China; the second includes a less visible group that developed a covert capability, without testing weapons or declaring a doctrine of deterrence-for example, Israel, India, and probably Pakistan; and, a third wave of would-be proliferators includes radical states like Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. Spector's political approach is based on the common interest of wave one and two states to prevent further proliferation. Political-economic incentives have already worked in the cases of Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, and South Africa-states which appear to have abandoned their nuclear weapons programs. Spector does not rule out the option of military force. Force, especially under international sanctions, can be a powerful tool to back diplomatic efforts. Use of force, however, remains a last resort.

Spector, L.S.

1992-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

231

Siachen Science Center: A concept for cooperation at the top of the world  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India and Pakistan have engaged in a long-running military dispute in the Siachen Glacier region of the northern Kashmir since 1984. In recent years, several unsuccessful attempts have been made to end the conflict. Despite continuing hostilities, there remains a strong interest in resolving the dispute and eliminating the human and financial costs associated with maintaining troops on the highest battlefield in the world. One resolution to the problem could be the establishment of a scientific research center in the region. The military forces in the region would be replaced with scientists and engineers from both countries who would advance knowledge in science and engineering by operating a high-altitude research station for the study of basic sciences, engineering, and human physiology. The high altitude, remote location, and unique geology would provide an unprecedented opportunity for ground-breaking research. The paper discusses options for such research and precedents, such as the Antarctic Treaty, for research in other hostile environments. 7 figs.

Biringer, K.L.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as a knowledge learning tool. This tool may be used as a standard document for selection and promotion of employees.

Muhammad Sohail; Abdur Rashid Khan

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

233

International perceptions of US nuclear policy.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report presents a summary of international perceptions and beliefs about US nuclear policy, focusing on four countries--China, Iran, Pakistan and Germany--chosen because they span the spectrum of states with which the United States has relationships. A paradox is pointed out: that although the goal of US nuclear policy is to make the United States and its allies safer through a policy of deterrence, international perceptions of US nuclear policy may actually be making the US less safe by eroding its soft power and global leadership position. Broadly held perceptions include a pattern of US hypocrisy and double standards--one set for the US and its allies, and another set for all others. Importantly, the US nuclear posture is not seen in a vacuum, but as one piece of the United States behavior on the world stage. Because of this, the potential direct side effects of any negative international perceptions of US nuclear policy can be somewhat mitigated, dependent on other US policies and actions. The more indirect and long term relation of US nuclear policy to US international reputation and soft power, however, matters immensely to successful multilateral and proactive engagement on other pressing global issues.

Stanley, Elizabeth A. (Georgetown Universtiy, Washington, DC)

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Markets for coal and coal technologies in Asian and Pacific Basin countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a new market analysis available from the Utility Data Institute (UDI), Viking Systems International (VSI) of Pittsburgh, PA, argues that the nations in the Pacific Basin and South Asia provide an exciting market opportunity for vendors and suppliers of coal power technology, services, and fuel. Critical market factors for increased coal use include: (1) availability of domestic coal resources; (2) price of competing fuels; (3) infrastructure for mining and transportation; (4) environmental regulations concerning coal use; and (5) the development and application of new coal technologies. An overview is presented of the current energy situation and future development options in thirteen different countries: Afghanistan, Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, Philippines, Republic of China (Taiwan), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Thailand. More than 150 detailed tables, charts, and maps present analyses of existing coal reserves, coal characteristics, domestic energy production by fuel mix, energy consumption, electric power generation, and regulatory practices in each country. The report was developed by VSI from two computerized data bases---one on coal characteristics and reserves, the other on electric utilities and power plants in Asian countries. A chapter in the report describes the data bases in more detail.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Little study sees large growth in Asian natural gas market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power capacity additions in Asia will at least triple by 2010, and Arthur D. Little Inc. predicts natural gas can pick up a good 15 percent of that market. The study predicts Asia potentially will need 720 gigawatts of new power generation by 2010, of which 15 percent may be gas-based. This represents a market three times the size of the US market in the same period, and would require more than $1 trillion in investment to finance the power generation projects alone. Six forces are driving new market opportunities for natural gas in Asia, and have set the stage for major investments in Asian gas-based power generation. They are: New technologies; growing environmental pressures; privatization; alternative energy pricing; gas availability; and continued economic growth. Japan, South Korea and Taiwan already have large, well-established markets for both gas and power that provide minimal opportunities for foreign investment. But the rest of Asia - specifically, India, Pakistan, the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, the People's Republic of China, Thailand, Bangladesh and Myanmar - is still relatively undeveloped, the study said, and gas is emerging as an energy import substitute or export earner. The study found those countries will turn increased environmental awareness and concern into legislation as their economic prosperity grows, leading to a higher future value for natural gas relative to other fuels. Stricter emissions standards will favor gas over diesel, fuel oil and coal.

O'Driscoll, M.

1993-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

238

Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Quarterly report, January-March 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data on coal characteristics, resources and environmental aspects were gathered previously for India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Afghanistan and Colombia. The relevant data from the information obtained on these countries was retrieved, summarized and transmitted for inclusion in the PETC coal database. Coal deposits and their locations on national maps were also provided. The data on coal characteristics was stored in a computerized database. Data has now been gathered for the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Australia, and People's Republic of China (China). Data for 104 developing countries was obtained from the World Bank on energy inputs to electric utilities. This data was entered into a computerized database prepared at Viking. The data includes types of fuel input for electricity generation, power plant capacities, total electricity generation, system frequencies, etc. The user can extract information of his/her choice from the database in a spreadsheet format, which can then be interfaced with a graphics software package to obtain a pictorial representation of the data.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Evaluation of energy system analysis techniques for identifying underground facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of a study to determine the feasibility and potential usefulness of applying energy system analysis techniques to help detect and characterize underground facilities that could be used for clandestine activities. Four off-the-shelf energy system modeling tools were considered: (1) ENPEP (Energy and Power Evaluation Program) - a total energy system supply/demand model, (2) ICARUS (Investigation of Costs and Reliability in Utility Systems) - an electric utility system dispatching (or production cost and reliability) model, (3) SMN (Spot Market Network) - an aggregate electric power transmission network model, and (4) PECO/LF (Philadelphia Electric Company/Load Flow) - a detailed electricity load flow model. For the purposes of most of this work, underground facilities were assumed to consume about 500 kW to 3 MW of electricity. For some of the work, facilities as large as 10-20 MW were considered. The analysis of each model was conducted in three stages: data evaluation, base-case analysis, and comparative case analysis. For ENPEP and ICARUS, open source data from Pakistan were used for the evaluations. For SMN and PECO/LF, the country data were not readily available, so data for the state of Arizona were used to test the general concept.

VanKuiken, J.C.; Kavicky, J.A.; Portante, E.C. [and others

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Evaluation of cloud fraction and its radiative effect simulated by IPCC AR4 global models against ARM surface observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cloud Fraction (CF) is the dominant modulator of radiative fluxes. In this study, we evaluate CF simulations in the IPCC AR4 GCMs against ARM ground measurements, with a focus on the vertical structure, total amount of cloud and its effect on cloud shortwave transmissivity, for both inter-model deviation and model-measurement discrepancy. Our intercomparisons of three CF or sky-cover related dataset reveal that the relative differences are usually less than 10% (5%) for multi-year monthly (annual) mean values, while daily differences are quite significant. The results also show that the model-observation and the inter-model deviations have a similar magnitude for the total CF (TCF) and the normalized cloud effect, and they are twice as large as the surface downward solar radiation and cloud transmissivity. This implies that the other cloud properties, such as cloud optical depth and height, have a similar magnitude of disparity to TCF among the GCMs, and suggests that a better agreement among the GCMs in solar radiative fluxes could be the result of compensating errors in either cloud vertical structure, cloud optical depth or cloud fraction. Similar deviation pattern between inter-model and model-measurement suggests that the climate models tend to generate larger bias against observations for those variables with larger inter-model deviation. The simulated TCF from IPCC AR4 GCMs are very scattered through all seasons over three ARM sites: Southern Great Plains (SGP), Manus, Papua New Guinea and North Slope of Alaska (NSA). The GCMs perform better at SGP than at Manus and NSA in simulating the seasonal variation and probability distribution of TCF; however, the TCF in these models is remarkably underpredicted and cloud transmissivity is less susceptible to the change of TCF than the observed at SGP. Much larger inter-model deviation and model bias are found over NSA than the other sites in estimating the TCF, cloud transmissivity and cloud-radiation interaction, suggesting that the Arctic region continues to challenge cloud simulations in climate models. Most of the GCMs tend to underpredict CF and fail to capture the seasonal variation of CF at middle and low levels in the tropics. The high altitude CF is much larger in the GCMs than the observation and the inter-model variability of CF also reaches maximum at high levels in the tropics. Most of the GCMs tend to underpredict CF by 50-150% relative to the measurement average at low and middle levels over SGP. While the GCMs generally capture the maximum CF in the boundary layer and vertical variability, the inter-model deviation is largest near surface over the Arctic. The internal variability of CF simulated in ensemble runs with the same model is very minimal.

Qian, Yun; Long, Charles N.; Wang, Hailong; Comstock, Jennifer M.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Xie, Shaocheng

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Illicit Trafficking of Natural Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural radionuclides have been subject to trafficking worldwide, involving natural uranium ore (U 238), processed uranium (yellow cake), low enriched uranium (<20% U 235) or highly enriched uranium (>20% U 235), radium (Ra 226), polonium (Po 210), and natural thorium ore (Th 232). An important prerequisite to successful illicit trafficking activities is access to a suitable logistical infrastructure enabling an undercover shipment of radioactive materials and, in case of trafficking natural uranium or thorium ore, capable of transporting large volumes of material. Covert en route diversion of an authorised uranium transport, together with covert diversion of uranium concentrate from an operating or closed uranium mines or mills, are subject of case studies. Such cases, involving Israel, Iran, Pakistan and Libya, have been analyzed in terms of international actors involved and methods deployed. Using international incident data contained in the Database on Nuclear Smuggling, Theft and Orphan Radiation Sources (DSTO) and international experience gained from the fight against drug trafficking, a generic Trafficking Pathway Model (TPM) is developed for trafficking of natural radionuclides. The TPM covers the complete trafficking cycle, ranging from material diversion, covert material transport, material concealment, and all associated operational procedures. The model subdivides the trafficking cycle into five phases: (1) Material diversion by insider(s) or initiation by outsider(s); (2) Covert transport; (3) Material brokerage; (4) Material sale; (5) Material delivery. An Action Plan is recommended, addressing the strengthening of the national infrastructure for material protection and accounting, development of higher standards of good governance, and needs for improving the control system deployed by customs, border guards and security forces.

Friedrich, Steinhaeusler; Lyudmila, Zaitseva [Div. of Physics and Biophysics, University of Salzburg Hellbrunnerstr. 34, A 5020 Salzburg (Austria)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

242

South Asia transboundary water quality monitoring workshop summary report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in several regions as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group made up of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and the United States convened in Kathmandu, Nepal, from February 17-23,2002. The workshop was held to further develop the South Asia Transboundary Water Quality Monitoring (SATWQM) project. The project is sponsored in part by the CMC located at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico through funding provided by the US. Department of State, Regional Environmental Affairs Office, American Embassy, Kathmandu, Nepal, and the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. This report summarizes the SATWQM project, the workshop objectives, process and results. The long-term interests of the participants are to develop systems for sharing regional environmental information as a means of building confidence and improving relations among South Asian countries. The more immediate interests of the group are focused on activities that foster regional sharing of water quality data in the Ganges and Indus River basins. Issues of concern to the SATWQM network participants include studying the impacts from untreated sewage and industrial effluents, agricultural run-off, salinity increases in fresh waters, the siltation and shifting of river channels, and the environmental degradation of critical habitats such as wetlands, protected forests, and endangered aquatic species conservation areas. The workshop focused on five objectives: (1) a deepened understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of additional regional and national government and non-government organizations in South Asia involved in river water quality monitoring; (3) identification of sites within the region at which water quality data are to be collected; (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process; and, (5) training of partners in the use of water quality monitoring equipment.

Betsill, Jeffrey David; Littlefield, Adriane C.; Luetters, Frederick O.; Rajen, Gaurav

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Calibrating the MKAR array using transfer functions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developing regional discriminants (RDs) at any given seismic station requires a ground-truth database of waveforms from both earthquakes and explosions. Recently installed stations used for seismic monitoring have no single charge explosions on which to base discriminants. We have developed a procedure to map information from surrogate stations, having a long recording history, to newly installed operational stations. We investigated a method to compute transfer functions using known effective 13Ds for a database of earthquakes and explosions located near the Lop Nor nuclear test site and recorded at the KNET array in Kyrgyzstan. For specific source-station paths, transfer functions work well. However, preliminary analysis of India and Pakistan nuclear tests indicate strong azimuthal dependence in the construction of reliable transfer functions. The success of the preliminary work suggests we can apply the same technique to calibrate the recently installed MKAR array using the Global Seismic Network station MAKZ as a surrogate. Both MKAR, an 11-element array operational since 2000, and MAKZ (including its earlier counterpart MAK), operating very broadband instruments since 1994, are located in Eastern Kazakhstan and separated by 25 km. To perform the calibration requires additional considerations not taken into account during the initial investigation: (1) utilizing amplitude spectra, rather than using RDs, to calculate transfer functions; (2) computing transfer functions for a range of azimuths, as we believe the transfer function are azimuthally dependent; and (3) determining whether working with each array element separately or developing a single-input/multiple-output model will provide more stable results and better error estimates.

Renwald, M. D. (Marie D.); Taylor, S. R. (Steven R.); Wallace, Terry C.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Comparative analyses for selected clean coal technologies in the international marketplace  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clean coal technologies (CCTs) are being demonstrated in research and development programs under public and private sponsorship. Many of these technologies could be marketed internationally. To explore the scope of these international opportunities and to match particular technologies with markets appearing to have high potential, a study was undertaken that focused on seven representative countries: Italy, Japan, Morocco, Turkey, Pakistan, the Peoples' Republic of China, and Poland. The results suggest that there are international markets for CCTs and that these technologies can be cost competitive with more conventional alternatives. The identified markets include construction of new plants and refurbishment of existing ones, especially when decision makers want to decrease dependence on imported oil. This report describes potential international market niches for U.S. CCTs and discusses the status and implications of ongoing CCT demonstration activities. Twelve technologies were selected as representative of technologies under development for use in new or refurbished industrial or electric utility applications. Included are the following: Two generic precombustion technologies: two-stage froth-flotation coal beneficiation and coal-water mixtures (CWMs); Four combustion technologies: slagging combustors, integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) systems, atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors (AFBCs), and pressurized fluidized-bed combustors (PFBCs); and Six postcombustion technologies: limestone-injection multistage burner (LIMB) systems, gas-reburning sorbent-injection (GRSI) systems, dual-alkali flue-gas desulfurization (FGD), spray-dryer FGD, the NOXSO process, and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. Major chapters of this report have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Directory of financing sources for foreign energy projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of National Security Policy has produced this Directory of Financing Sources for Foreign Energy Projects. The Directory reviews programs that offer financing from US government agencies, multilateral organizations, public, private, and quasi-private investment funds, and local commercial and state development banks. The main US government agencies covered are the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the Export-Import Bank of the US (EXIM Bank), Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, and the US Trade and Development Agency (TDA). Other US Government Sources includes market funds that have been in part capitalized using US government agency funds. Multilateral organizations include the World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and various organizations of the United Nations. The Directory lists available public, private, and quasi-private sources of financing in key emerging markets in the Newly Independent States and other developing countries of strategic interest to the US Department of Energy. The sources of financing listed in this directory should be considered indicative rather than inclusive of all potential sources of financing. Initial focus is on the Russian Federation, Ukraine, india, China, and Pakistan. Separate self-contained sections have been developed for each of the countries to enable the user to readily access market-specific information and to support country-specific Departmental initiatives. For each country, the directory is organized to follow the project life cycle--from prefeasibility, feasibility, project finance, cofinancing, and trade finance, through to technical assistance and training. Programs on investment and export insurance are excluded.

La Ferla, L. [La Ferla Associates, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

Brzoska, M.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Nuclear Emergency and the Atmospheric Dispersion of Nuclear Aerosols: Discussion of the Shared Nuclear Future - 13163  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper has a twofold objective. One is to analyze the current status of high-level nuclear waste disposal along with presentation of practical perspectives about the environmental issues involved. Present disposal designs and concepts are analyzed on a scientific basis and modifications to existing designs are proposed from the perspective of environmental safety. Other is to understand the aerosol formation in the atmosphere for the case of the leakage from the nuclear waste containers or a nuclear accident. Radio-nuclides released from the waste will attach themselves to the existing aerosols in the atmosphere along with formation of new aerosols. Anticipating the nuclear accident when a variety of radioactive aerosols will form and exist in the atmosphere, as a simple example, measurement of naturally existing radioactive aerosols are made in the atmosphere of Islamabad and Murree. A comparison with similar measurements in 3 cities of France is provided. Measurement of radionuclides in the atmosphere, their attachment to aerosols and follow up transport mechanisms are key issues in the nuclear safety. It is studied here how {sup 7}Be concentration in the atmospheric air varies in the capital city of Islamabad and a Himalaya foothill city of Murree (Pakistan). Present results are compared with recent related published results to produce a {sup 7}Be concentration versus altitude plot up to an altitude of 4000 m (a.s.l.). Origin and variance of {sup 7}Be concentration at different altitudes is discussed in detail. The relevance of results presented here with the evaluation of implications of Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear disasters has been discussed in a conclusive manner. It is the first international report of a joint collaboration/project. The project is being generalized to investigate and formulate a smooth waste storage and disposal policy. The project will address the fission and fusion waste reduction, its storage, its recycling, air, water and soil quality monitoring, and the final disposal with the major foci of dealing with related chemical, biogical, physical, geophysical, engineering, management and administration aspects. (authors)

Rana, Mukhtar A. [Science-Admin Coherence Cell (SACC), PINSTECH Admin Blk, PAEC, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Science-Admin Coherence Cell (SACC), PINSTECH Admin Blk, PAEC, Islamabad (Pakistan); Ali, Nawab [Physics Division, Directorate of Science, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Physics Division, Directorate of Science, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Akhter, Parveen [Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad (Pakistan); Khan, E.U. [Department of Physics, International Islamic University (IIU), Kettle Fields, Kashmir Highways, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [Department of Physics, International Islamic University (IIU), Kettle Fields, Kashmir Highways, Islamabad (Pakistan); Mathieson, John [International Relations, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), Building 587, Curie Avenue, Harwell, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0RH (United Kingdom)] [International Relations, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), Building 587, Curie Avenue, Harwell, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0RH (United Kingdom)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Remote Sensing and Sea-Truth Measurements of Methane Flux to the Atmosphere (HYFLUX project)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multi-disciplinary investigation of distribution and magnitude of methane fluxes from seafloor gas hydrate deposits in the Gulf of Mexico was conducted based on results obtained from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing and from sampling conducted during a research expedition to three sites where gas hydrate occurs (MC118, GC600, and GC185). Samples of sediments, water, and air were collected from the ship and from an ROV submersible using sediments cores, niskin bottles attached to the ROV and to a rosette, and an automated sea-air interface collector. The SAR images were used to quantify the magnitude and distribution of natural oil and gas seeps that produced perennial oil slicks on the ocean surface. A total of 176 SAR images were processed using a texture classifying neural network algorithm, which segmented the ocean surface into oil-free and oil-covered water. Geostatistical analysis indicates that there are a total of 1081 seep formations distributed over the entire Gulf of Mexico basin. Oil-covered water comprised an average of 780.0 sq. km (sd 86.03) distributed with an area of 147,370 sq. km. Persistent oil and gas seeps were also detected with SAR sampling on other ocean margins located in the Black Sea, western coast of Africa, and offshore Pakistan. Analysis of sediment cores from all three sites show profiles of sulfate, sulfide, calcium and alkalinity that indicated anaerobic oxidation of methane with precipitation of authigenic carbonates. Difference among the three sampling sites may reflect the relative magnitude of methane flux. Methane concentrations in water column samples collected by ROV and rosette deployments from MC118 ranged from {approx}33,000 nM at the seafloor to {approx}12 nM in the mixed layer with isolated peaks up to {approx}13,670 nM coincident with the top of the gas hydrate stability field. Average plume methane, ethane, and propane concentrations in the mixed layer are 7, 630, and 9,540 times saturation, respectively. Based on the contemporaneous wind speeds at this site, contemporary estimates of the diffusive fluxes from the mixed layer to the atmosphere for methane, ethane, and propane are 26.5, 2.10, and 2.78 {micro}mol/m{sup 2}d, respectively. Continuous measurements of air and sea surface concentrations of methane were made to obtain high spatial and temporal resolution of the diffusive net sea-to-air fluxes. The atmospheric methane fluctuated between 1.70 ppm and 2.40 ppm during the entire cruise except for high concentrations (up to 4.01 ppm) sampled during the end of the occupation of GC600 and the transit between GC600 and GC185. Results from interpolations within the survey areas show the daily methane fluxes to the atmosphere at the three sites range from 0.744 to 300 mol d-1. Considering that the majority of seeps in the GOM are deep (>500 m), elevated CH{sub 4} concentrations in near-surface waters resulting from bubble-mediated CH4 transport in the water column are expected to be widespread in the Gulf of Mexico.

Ian MacDonald

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec

Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z