Sample records for nissan leaf chevrolet

  1. How many electric miles do Nissan Leafs and Chevrolet Volts in The EV Project travel?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents travel statistics and metrics describing the driving behavior of Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt drivers in the EV Project. It specifically quantifies the distance each group of vehicles drives each month. This paper will be published to INL's external website and will be accessible by the general public.

  2. AVTA: 2011 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on an all-electric 2011 Nissan Leaf. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  3. AVTA: 2013 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe early results of testing done on an all-electric 2013 Nissan Leaf. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  4. Driving and Charging Behavior of Nissan Leafs in The EV Project with Access to Workplace Charging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Scoffield; Shawn Salisbury; John Smart

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper documents findings from analysis of data collected from Nissan Leafs enrolled in The EV Project who parked and charged at workplaces with EV charging equipment. It will be published as a white paper on INL's website, accessible by the general public.

  5. Workplace Charging Behavior of Nissan Leafs in The EV Project at Six Work Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Rohrbaugh; John Smart

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper documents findings from analysis of data collected from Nissan Leafs enrolled in The EV Project who parked and charged at six workplaces with EV charging equipment. It will be published as a white paper on INL's website, accessible by the general public.

  6. What kind of charging infrastructure do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project use?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shawn Salisbury

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document will describe the charging behavior of Nissan Leaf battery electric vehicles that were enrolled in the EV Project. It will include aggregated data from several thousand vehicles regarding time-of-day, power level, and location of charging and driving events. This document is a white paper that will be published on the INL AVTA website.

  7. Where do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Don Scoffield

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper invesigates where Nissan Leaf drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at work, home, or some other location?

  8. Nissan North America, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    facility in Decherd, Tennessee. Innovation The Nissan LEAF vehicle has a zero-emission, all-electric powertrain, which improves fuel economy over internal combustion engine...

  9. Superior Energy Performance at Nissan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, B.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2014 Industrial Energy Technology Conference Brett Rasmussen, PE, CEM, CEAM Senior Energy Engineer Nissan North America May 21, 2014 Superior Energy Performance at Nissan ESL-IE-14-05-14 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology... Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 ? ? ? Smyrna, TN Decherd, TN Canton, MS NISSAN’S U.S. PLANTS 2 ESL-IE-14-05-14 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Canton Plant ESL-IE-14-05-14...

  10. AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

  11. CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATION...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATION & SOLUTIONS | GREENER VEHICLES Home There are currently no posts in this category. Syndicate content...

  12. NISSAN | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 attheMohammed Khan - TechnologyJanuary 29,guidance onEnergyNISSAN

  13. Advanced Vehicle Testing & Evaluation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Volt PHEV (MY11) 2 Nissan Leaf BEV (MY11) 4 Honda Civic CNG 4 VW Jetta Turbo Diesel 4 Chevrolet Volt PHEV (MY13) 4 Chevrolet Malibu ECO 4 Honda Civic...

  14. New Nissan Paint Plant Achieves 30% Energy Savings | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    New Nissan Paint Plant Achieves 30% Energy Savings New Nissan Paint Plant Achieves 30% Energy Savings May 6, 2013 - 5:55pm Addthis New Nissan Paint Plant Achieves 30% Energy...

  15. General Dynamics and Nissan Case Studies Highlight Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    General Dynamics and Nissan Case Studies Highlight Benefits of Superior Energy Performance General Dynamics and Nissan Case Studies Highlight Benefits of Superior Energy...

  16. AVTA: Chevrolet Malibu HEV 2013 Testing Results | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu hybrid electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison...

  17. AVTA: 2011 Chevrolet Volt Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chevrolet Volt 2011. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  18. AVTA: 2013 Chevrolet Volt Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Chevrolet Volt. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). The reports for download here are based on research done at Idaho National Laboratory. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  19. EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    days 2013 ECOtality 7302013 8:20:32 AM INLMIS-10-19479 4 of 116 Vehicles Charged Car sharing fleet Nissan Leaf Chevrolet Volt Unknown Percent of charging events 53% 6%...

  20. EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    all days 2012 ECOtality 212013 9:44:51 AM INLMIS-10-19479 4 of 89 Vehicles Charged Car sharing fleet Nissan Leaf Chevrolet Volt Unknown Percent of charging events 22% 20%...

  1. Fact #755: November 26, 2012 Chargepoint, Blink and Nissan Take...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Legrand EV Charging Station. Nissan EV stations are made by AeroVironment. Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Alternative Fuels Data Center, Station Locator, accessed October 2012...

  2. AVTA: Chevrolet Volt ARRA Vehicle Demonstration Project Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports summarize data collected from a project General Motors conducted to deploy 150 2011 Chevrolet Volts around the country. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  3. AVTA: 2012 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

  4. Geothermal, Energy Efficiency, and Solar PV Opportunities at Nissan USE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, R.; Ong, J.; Reeder, J.; Sridar, V.; Zhang, R.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Carbon Goal is Driving Innovation ESL-IE-14-05-04 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Research Areas Geothermal Solar Photovoltaics EE Verification ESL...-IE-14-05-04 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Solar PV Research Question Given forecasted solar prices, will an on-site solar project meet Nissan’s investment criteria? ESL-IE-14...

  5. 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN 0815 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2-29678 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN 0815 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Jeffrey Wishart Matthew Shirk July 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S....

  6. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Benchmark Testing of the Chevrolet Volt Onboard Charger

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard Carlson

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report for public consumption, for the AVTA website, detailing the testing and analysis of the benchmark testing conducted on the Chevrolet Volt on-board charger.

  7. Nissan Hypermini Urban Electric Vehicle Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James Francfort; Robert Brayer

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), which is part of DOE’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, in partnership with the California cities of Vacaville and Palm Springs, collected mileage and maintenance and repairs data for a fleet of eleven Nissan Hypermini urban electric vehicles (UEVs). The eleven Hyperminis were deployed for various periods between January 2001 and June 2005. During the combined total of 439 months of use, the eleven Hyperminis were driven a total of 41,220 miles by staff from both cities. This equates to an average use of about 22 miles per week per vehicle. There were some early problems with the vehicles, including a charging problem and a need to upgrade the electrical system. In addition, six vehicles required drive system repairs. However, the repairs were all made under warranty. The Hyperminis were generally well-liked and provided drivers with the ability to travel any of the local roads. Full charging of the Hypermini’s lithiumion battery pack required up to 4 hours, with about 8–10 miles of range available for each hour of battery charging. With its right-side steering wheel, some accommodation of the drivers’ customary driving methods was required to adapt for different blind spots and vehicle manipulation. For that reason, the drivers received orientation and training before using the vehicle. The Hypermini is instrumented in kilometers rather than in miles, which required an adjustment for the drivers to calculate speed and range. As the drivers gained familiarity with the vehicles, there was increased acceptance and a preference for using it over traditional city vehicles. In all cases, the Hyperminis attracted a great amount of attention and interest from the general public.

  8. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Chevrolet Volt Data Summary Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports provide summary overviews of the 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts deployed through the EV Project. It also deployed about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  9. What kind of charging infrastructure do Chevrolet Volts Drivers in The EV Project use?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes key conclusions from analysis of data collected from Chevrolet Volts participating in The EV Project. Topics include how much Volt drivers charge at level 1 vs. level 2 rates and how much they charge at home vs. away from home.

  10. How much are Chevrolet Volts in The EV Project driven in EV Mode?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes key conclusions from analysis of data collected from Chevrolet Volts participating in The EV Project. Topics include how many miles are driven in EV mode, how far vehicles are driven between charging events, and how much energy is charged from the electric grid per charging event.

  11. Geothermal, Energy Efficiency, and Solar PV Opportunities at Nissan USE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, R.; Ong, J.; Reeder, J.; Sridar, V.; Zhang, R.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal, Energy Efficiency, and Solar PV Opportunities at Nissan USA May 21st, 2014 Robinson Ford Justin Ong Jake Reeder Vikram Sridar Rica Zhang ESL-IE-14-05-04 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New... Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Carbon Goal is Driving Innovation ESL-IE-14-05-04 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Research Areas Geothermal Solar Photovoltaics EE Verification ESL...

  12. 2007 Nissan Altima-7982 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Grey; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number 1N4CL21E27C177982). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  13. 2007 Nissan Altima-2351 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and the battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima HEV, number 2351 (VIN 1N4CL21E87C172351). The battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec). The Idaho National Laboratory and eTec conduct the AVTA for DOE’s Vehicle Technologies Program.

  14. Connectivity-Enhanced Route Selection and Adaptive Control for the Chevrolet Volt: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Wood, E.; Rajagopalan, S.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and General Motors evaluated connectivity-enabled efficiency enhancements for the Chevrolet Volt. A high-level model was developed to predict vehicle fuel and electricity consumption based on driving characteristics and vehicle state inputs. These techniques were leveraged to optimize energy efficiency via green routing and intelligent control mode scheduling, which were evaluated using prospective driving routes between tens of thousands of real-world origin/destination pairs. The overall energy savings potential of green routing and intelligent mode scheduling was estimated at 5% and 3% respectively. These represent substantial opportunities considering that they only require software adjustments to implement.

  15. What Kind of Charging Infrastructure Do Chevrolet Volt Drivers in The EV Project Use and When Do They Use It?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shawn Salisbury

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document will present information describing the charging behavior of Chevrolet Volts that were enrolled in the EV Project. It will included aggregated data from more than 1,800 vehicles regarding locations, power levels, and time-of-day of charging events performed by those vehicles. This document will be published to the INL AVTA website.

  16. Some Geometric Optimization Problems in Wireless Networks Nissan LevTov #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barash, Danny

    Some Geometric Optimization Problems in Wireless Networks Nissan Lev­Tov # I will present some new aspects of ad­hoc and sensor networks, where the set of chosen piercing points can be used coloring of unit disks in the plane, and talk about its applications to frequency assignment in wireless

  17. 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN 0815 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), including testing the PHEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 12,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Chevrolet Volt PHEV (VIN 1G1RD6E48BU100815). The battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec) dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

  18. Fact #737: July 23, 2012 Upstream Emissions for Nissan Leaf | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofof Energy 1:Petroleum

  19. Actual Versus Estimated Utility Factor of a Large Set of Privately Owned Chevrolet Volts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Thomas Bradley; Stephen Schey

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to determine the overall fuel economy of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), the amount of operation in charge depleting (CD) versus charge sustaining modes must be determined. Mode of operation is predominantly dependent on customer usage of the vehicle and is therefore highly variable. The utility factor (UF) concept was developed to quantify the distance a group of vehicles has traveled or may travel in CD mode. SAE J2841 presents a UF calculation method based on data collected from travel surveys of conventional vehicles. UF estimates have been used in a variety of areas, including the calculation of window sticker fuel economy, policy decisions, and vehicle design determination. The EV Project, a plug-in electric vehicle charging infrastructure demonstration being conducted across the United States, provides the opportunity to determine the real-world UF of a large group of privately owned Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicles. Using data collected from Volts enrolled in The EV Project, this paper compares the real-world UF of two groups of Chevrolet Volts to estimated UF's based on J2841. The actual observed fleet utility factors (FUF) for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups studied were observed to be 72% and 74%, respectively. Using the EPA CD ranges, the method prescribed by J2841 estimates a FUF of 65% and 68% for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups, respectively. Volt drivers achieved higher percentages of distance traveled in EV mode for two reasons. First, they had fewer long-distance travel days than drivers in the national travel survey referenced by J2841. Second, they charged more frequently than the J2841 assumption of once per day - drivers of Volts in this study averaged over 1.4 charging events per day. Although actual CD range varied widely as driving conditions varied, the average CD ranges for the two Volt groups studied matched the EPA CD range estimates, so CD range variation did not affect FUF results.

  20. Elm Leaf Beetle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, Carl D.

    2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Elm leaf beetles damage all varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of insecticides effective against...

  1. 2013 Chevrolet Malibu ECO Hybrid

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle...

  2. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Electric Grid Impact Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following report describes lessons learned about the impact on the electrical grid from the EV Project. The EV Project partnered with city, regional and state governments, utilities, and other organizations in 16 cities to deploy about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  3. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following document describes the context of the EV Project, which partnered with city, regional and state governments, utilities, and other organizations in 16 cities to deploy about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  4. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Charging Infrastructure Data Summary Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports summarize data collected from the 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers deployed by the EV Project. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  5. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Vehicle Placement Maps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following maps describe where the EV Project deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  6. Effects of environmental parameters, leaf physiological properties and leaf water relations on leaf water d18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Kevin

    properties and leaf water relations as drivers of the isotopic enrichment of leaf water across 17 Eucalyptus that the enrichment of the heavier oxygen isotope (18 O) in the leaf water and the subsequent photoassimilates formed and ecosystem bio- geochemistry. Isotopic leaf water enrichment can, for example, be related to a plant's water

  7. Leaf-to-leaf distances in Catalan tree graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew M. Goldsborough; Jonathan M. Fellows; Matthew Bates; S. Alex Rautu; George Rowlands; Rudolf A. Römer

    2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the average leaf-to-leaf path lengths on ordered Catalan tree graphs with $n$ nodes and show that these are equivalent to the average length of paths starting from the root node. We give an explicit analytic formula for the average leaf-to-leaf path length as a function of separation of the leaves and study its asymptotic properties. At the heart of our method is a strategy based on an abstract graph representation of generating functions which we hope can be useful also in other contexts.

  8. Nissan EV Workplace Charging Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEngines |NewStateDepartmentNick Sinai About Us

  9. Leaf Modeling and Constrained Leaf Morphing in Leaf Space Saurabh Garg1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leow, Wee Kheng

    , and structure of the leaves among different species of plants. The main draw- back of existing methods. In this paper, we present a novel parametric leaf model based on botanical considerations for generating is generated by fitting quadratic B-spline curves to the landmark points and tangents. The proposed leaf model

  10. Leaf-wax n-alkanes record the plantwater environment at leaf ush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Leaf-wax n-alkanes record the plant­water environment at leaf ush Brett J. Tipple1 , Melissa A, UT, and approved December 26, 2012 (received for review August 13, 2012) Leaf-wax n-alkanes 2 H/1 H the 2 H values of leaf-wax n-alkanes and of stem, leaf, stream, and atmospheric waters throughout

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- All-Electric Vehicle (Car) Performance Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Downloadable performance and testing data on the all-electric versions of the following vehicles is available: 2014 Smart Electric Drive Coupe, 2013 Ford Focus, 2013 Nissan Leaf, 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV, 2012 Nissan Leaf, 2011 Nissan Leaf, 2010 USPS eLLV Conversions, and 2009 BMW Mini-E.

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- All-Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Downloadable data on the all-electric versions of the following vehicles is available: 2014 Smart Electric Drive Coupe, 2013 Ford Focus, 2013 Nissan Leaf, 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV, 2012 Nissan Leaf, 2011 Nissan Leaf, 2010 USPS eLLV Conversions, and 2009 BMW Mini-E.

  13. ChargePoint America

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    BMW ActiveE * Fisker Karma * Ford Focus BEV and Transit Connect * GM Volt * Nissan LEAF * Smart fortwo EV * Home installations will be coordinated through OEM's * GMVolt installed...

  14. Deputy Secretary Poneman Attends Ground Breaking at Tennessee...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    vehicle, the LEAF, at its existing Smyrna, Tennessee plant. Nissan will offer electric vehicles to fleet and retail customers, and plans to ramp up production capacity...

  15. AVTA: 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AVTA: 2013 Ford Focus All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports AVTA: 2013 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports AVTA: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi PHEV Testing Results...

  16. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    about the new generation of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) like the Chevy Volt and Nissan Leaf. You. Gasoline- and diesel-powered ICE vehicles ended

  17. AVTA: 2013 Chevrolet Malibu HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Chevy Malibu HEV (a hybrid electric vehicle).

  18. Short communication Leaf optical properties and photosynthetic leaf absorptances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durako, Michael J.

    (PAR) values ranged from 45 Æ 3% for H. ovalis from a shallow (1 m) open coastal site in Western Australia of Australia. Leaf spectral transmittance [TL(l)], reflectance [RL(l)], and non-photosynthetic absorptance [AL species and sites. P. coriacea, a seagrass characteristic of high energy environments with the most

  19. Leaf endophyte load influences fungal garden development in leaf-cutting ants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Leaf endophyte load influences fungal garden development in leaf-cutting ants Van Bael et al. Van Open Access Leaf endophyte load influences fungal garden development in leaf-cutting ants Sunshine with relatively low fungal endophyte content. This preference suggests that fungal endophytes exact a cost

  20. Original article Photosynthesis, leaf area and productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Photosynthesis, leaf area and productivity of 5 poplar clones during; The stem volume and biomass (stem + branches) production, net photosynthesis of mature leaves and leaf area found in volume production, woody biomass production, total leaf area and net photosynthesis. Above

  1. ORIGINAL PAPER Leaf wax d2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briner, Jason P.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Leaf wax d2 H and varve-thickness climate proxies from proglacial lake sediments Science+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract We present a multiproxy paleoclimate record using leaf wax Á Leaf wax Á Proglacial lake Á Varve Introduction Arctic proglacial lake sediments are excellent

  2. Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushing, Ronald Wayne

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...

  3. Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushing, Ronald Wayne

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...

  4. A First Look at the Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging on the Electric Grid in the EV Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen L. Schey; John G. Smart; Don R. Scoffield

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ECOtality was awarded a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to lead a large-scale electric vehicle charging infrastructure demonstration, called The EV Project. ECOtality has partnered with Nissan North America, General Motors, the Idaho National Laboratory, and others to deploy and collect data from over 5,000 Nissan LEAFsTM and Chevrolet Volts and over 10,000 charging systems in 18 regions across the United States. This paper summarizes usage of residential charging units in The EV Project, based on data collected through the end of 2011. This information is provided to help analysts assess the impact on the electric grid of early adopter charging of grid-connected electric drive vehicles. A method of data aggregation was developed to summarize charging unit usage by the means of two metrics: charging availability and charging demand. Charging availability is plotted to show the percentage of charging units connected to a vehicle over time. Charging demand is plotted to show charging demand on the electric gird over time. Charging availability for residential charging units is similar in each EV Project region. It is low during the day, steadily increases in evening, and remains high at night. Charging demand, however, varies by region. Two EV Project regions were examined to identify regional differences. In Nashville, where EV Project participants do not have time-of-use electricity rates, demand increases each evening as charging availability increases, starting at about 16:00. Demand peaks in the 20:00 hour on weekdays. In San Francisco, where the majority of EV Project participants have the option of choosing a time-of-use rate plan from their electric utility, demand spikes at 00:00. This coincides with the beginning of the off-peak electricity rate period. Demand peaks at 01:00.

  5. MIT Hillel Update 24 Nissan 5771

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Daniel

    Heywood '12 3. Jews on Ice "flashback" from February: Abby Klein '14, Eliana Schleifer '12, Jason Strauss '12 take a break from the skating rink. Executive Director's Update I hope everyone had a meaningful

  6. Nissan Sumitomo JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri: Energy Resources Jump to:Nigeria: EnergyNinilchik,Yusen KK NYKNissan

  7. Leaf-to-leaf distances and their moments in finite and infinite m-ary tree graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew M. Goldsborough; S. Alex Rautu; Rudolf A. Römer

    2015-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the leaf-to-leaf distances on full and complete m-ary graphs using a recursive approach. In our formulation, leaves are ordered along a line. We find explicit analytical formulae for the sum of all paths for arbitrary leaf-to-leaf distance r as well as the average path lengths and the moments thereof. We show that the resulting explicit expressions can be recast in terms of Hurwitz-Lerch transcendants. Results for periodic trees are also given. For incomplete random binary trees, we provide first results by numerical techniques; we find a rapid drop of leaf-to-leaf distances for large r.

  8. affects leaf surface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Derived Leaf Area Index over the High-Latitude Northern Hemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models CiteSeer Summary: Abstract: Leaf Area Index (LAI) is a key parameter in the...

  9. arietinum leaf surfaces: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Derived Leaf Area Index over the High-Latitude Northern Hemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models CiteSeer Summary: Abstract: Leaf Area Index (LAI) is a key parameter in the...

  10. Breakthrough Technologies Leaf Extraction and Analysis Framework Graphical User

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitz, Joshua S.

    : Segmenting and Analyzing the Structure of Leaf Veins and Areoles1[W][OA] Charles A. Price*, Olga Symonova and Analysis Framework Graphical User Interface (LEAF GUI), a user-assisted software tool that facilitates software promises to facilitate improved understanding of the adaptive and ecological significance of leaf

  11. Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale #12;About Red Leaf Resources 2006 Company commercial development field activities #12;Highlights Proven, Revolutionary Oil Shale Extraction Process Technology Significant Owned Oil Shale Resource #12;· The executive management team of Red Leaf Resources

  12. Community Partners A New Leaf Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    Community Partners A New Leaf Program A+ Nursery A+ Preschool ABCD Early Head Start Addiction Treatment Center of New England African Apostolate of Manchester Diocese AIDS Action Committee Allston at Home Program Home for Little Wanderers - Therapeutic Foster Care Program Horace Mann School

  13. Use of NAP gene to manipulate leaf senescence in plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gan, Susheng; Guo, Yongfeng

    2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention discloses transgenic plants having an altered level of NAP protein compared to that of a non-transgenic plant, where the transgenic plants display an altered leaf senescence phenotype relative to a non-transgenic plant, as well as mutant plants comprising an inactivated NAP gene, where mutant plants display a delayed leaf senescence phenotype compared to that of a non-mutant plant. The present invention also discloses methods for delaying leaf senescence in a plant, as well as methods of making a mutant plant having a decreased level of NAP protein compared to that of a non-mutant plant, where the mutant plant displays a delayed leaf senescence phenotype relative to a non-mutant plant. Methods for causing precocious leaf senescence or promoting leaf senescence in a plant are also disclosed. Also disclosed are methods of identifying a candidate plant suitable for breeding that displays a delayed leaf senescence and/or enhanced yield phenotype.

  14. Impact of Direct Financial Incentives in the Emerging Battery...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2013 Percent of Registered BEVs Through 2013 Nissan Leaf December 2010 38,841 56 Tesla Model S June 2012 19,275 28 Source: R.L. Polk data 4 Project Scope Incentives offered...

  15. WBG Converters and Chargers

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to typically 100 kHz - Soft ferrite magnetic materials based inductors and transformers further limit power density and efficiency 2012 Nissan LEAF 6.6 kW OBC: 0.41kW...

  16. WBG Converters and Chargers

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to typically 100 kHz - Soft ferrite magnetic materials based inductors and transformers further limit power density and efficiency 2012 Nissan LEAF 6.6 kW OBC: 0.41 kWkg,...

  17. Sample Employee Survey for Workplace Charging Planning

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    vehicle (ex. Chevy Volt, Ford C-MAX, etc.) b. Electric vehicle (ex. Nissan Leaf, BMW Active-E, etc.) 5. Do you or would you have the ability to install a charging station...

  18. AVTA: 2014 Chevrolet Cruze Diesel Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

  19. 2013 Chevrolet Volt - VIN 3929 - Advanced Vehicle Testing - Beginning...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Voltage 3 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Liquid cooled BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 4,007 mi Date of...

  20. 2013 Chevrolet Malibu ECO Hybrid ? VIN 6605, Advanced Vehicle...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle...

  1. 2013 Chevrolet Malibu ECO Advanced Vehicle Testing - Baseline...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the ESS or other conversion materials. (11) The vehicle may utilize a single-speed, multi-speed automatic, manual transmission, or a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT), and...

  2. AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

  3. The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt | Department

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy Solar Decathlon2001 Powerof Energy Energy's Innovation

  4. OpenEI Community - CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY.

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff the GridHome All0 en How

  5. The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic| DepartmentDepartmentThe DoD SitingDepartmentTheof Energy The

  6. CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATION &

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen Energy Information BurkinaButylCERTEL Jump to:CESCEZ

  7. arabidopsis delays leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mediated by delayed responses Katul, Gabriel 4 Chloroplast protein degradation during natural leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana. Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  8. Journal of Insect Physiology 52 (2006) 194201 Leaf miner-induced changes in leaf transmittance cause

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giron, David - Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Université François Rabelais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    within plant tissues. The amount of CO2 released by larvae below feeding windows at high radiation levels an herbivore feeds on host plant. Modifications of leaf transmittance properties induced by feeding activity on the herbivore's body temperature and respiration rate have been determined under controlled conditions

  9. Observations on resistance to sorghum leaf blight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuleen, Darlene Mae

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and 9, pp. 43-44) reflect genetic segrega- tion, they should be viewed as individual plant phenomena rather than as an intermediate-type susceptibility to toxin. Further genetic study of the host may clarify the role of this toxin in the intermediate..., they are uniformly susceptible to attack by parasites. Hybrid grain sorghums are built on a dangerously narrow genetic base (16) susceptible to leaf blight, Resistant cultivars have, however, been recently discovered (2, 11). The purpose of this thesis is (a...

  10. Leaf Clean Energy Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow TankOpen Energy Information PageLeaf

  11. New Leaf Biofuel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR)NevisInformation 4thInformationNew Leaf

  12. PATTERNS OF LEAF WETTABILITY ALONG AN EXTREME MOISTURE GRADIENT IN WESTERN PATAGONIA, ARGENTINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Carol

    PATTERNS OF LEAF WETTABILITY ALONG AN EXTREME MOISTURE GRADIENT IN WESTERN PATAGONIA, ARGENTINA Patagonia, Argentina. Morphological and structural characteristics of leaves significantly affected leaf surfaces. Keywords: leaf wetness, morphology, water droplet, Patagonia, gradient. Introduction A large

  13. The fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiologica...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiological transition during biomass degradation. The fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiological...

  14. Oak Leaf Roller and Springtime Defoliation of Live Oak Trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.

    2004-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication explains how to minimize damage to live oak trees by the oak leaf roller and an associated caterpillar species, which occur throughout Texas but are most damaging in the Hill Country and South Texas....

  15. andongensis leaf juice: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  16. arborescens leaf juice: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  17. activated spinach leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  18. aloe arborescens leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  19. aloe andongensis leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  20. aloe ferox leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  1. aloe barbadensis leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  2. Biochemical and photochemical control of leaf disk expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Ralph A.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    promotive effect with kin ins .............. ................ k9 f. Relation of kinetin added to its analogs... .. 51 (1) Effect of kinin-KEN combinations on the relative amount of leaf expansion with red light versus darkness....... .. 53 (2) Effect...-naphthalene acetic acid,..... ,,??? 87 (4) Effect of X-irradiation on leaf disk expansion with kin ins, IAA, and low intensity light.................... 9^ b. Response of X-irradiated intact plants to kinins, IAA, and low intensity light... ?????? 101 LIST...

  3. Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection Vermont

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    . MAKE OUT a check or money order payable to UVM, and enclose check, information sheets, and leaf sample, available at most drugstores, for washing and rinsing the samples. Change the water as it becomes dirty

  4. Understanding and predicting global leaf phenology using satellite observations of vegetation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldararu, Silvia

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf phenology refers to the timing of leaf life cycle events and is essential to our understanding of the earth system as it impacts the terrestrial carbon and water cycles and indirectly global climate through changes ...

  5. Cotton Leaf Grade as Influenced by Harvest Aid Regimes and Cultivar Characteristics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eder, Zachary Phillip

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., leaf grade values can significantly increase with remnants of leaf and bract materials, and can result in increased ginning costs and discounts to the producer. Cotton classed through the ...

  6. Linkages between leaf traits and productivity in two resource-limited ecosystems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinchilla Soto, Isabel

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf traits have long been used to classify and characterise species in natural ecosystems. In addition, leaf traits provide important information about plants’ strategies for the use of resources and can be used to improve ...

  7. Energy Reduction Projects to Help Nissan Reach BBBP Goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, B.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Started 9:00 PM 10/26/2012 ESL-IE-13-05-38 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 Total Savings FY12 Free Cooling At CUP FY12 88 398.6 511.3 435.5 340.4 422.8 $5,632.00 $25,510.40 $32...-05-38 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 26 Bench Marking ESL-IE-13-05-38 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 Canton Plant...

  8. WEDNESDAY: Deputy Secretary Poneman to Speak at Nissan Advanced Battery

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell Director of Transmission Planning - WECC

  9. EA-1678: Nissan North America, Inc., Advanced Technology Electric Vehicle

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S.ContaminationJuly 2011D APPENDIX D9Construction andBerkeleyImpact

  10. WEDNESDAY: Deputy Secretary Poneman to Speak at Nissan Advanced...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    America, Inc. to retool their Smyrna, Tennessee factory to build advanced electric automobiles and an advanced battery manufacturing facility. The two projects are expected to...

  11. General Dynamics and Nissan Case Studies Highlight Benefits of Superior

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy0.pdfTechnologiesNATIONAL003 IntellectualSECCSDepartment

  12. General Dynamics and Nissan Case Studies Highlight Benefits of Superior

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: FinalOffers3.pdf0-45.pdf0 Budget Fossil EnergyFullGOof Energy General Assembly

  13. Nissan Video 1 (Text Version) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEngines |NewStateDepartmentNick SinaiDepartment of1

  14. Nissan Video 2 (Text Version) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEngines |NewStateDepartmentNick SinaiDepartment of12

  15. Nissan: ISO 50001 - What Counts! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEngines |NewStateDepartmentNick SinaiDepartment

  16. Nissan: ISO 50001 - What Counts! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREofNewsletter Newsletter BetterEnergyDepartment

  17. Acciona Renault Nissan Alliance JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE Jump to: navigation,Barriers to Scale-up

  18. Nissan Case Study for Superior Energy Performance | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative JC3 RSS September 9, 2013News Archive News Archive RSS March 3,ResearchLive

  19. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Nissan North America, Inc. |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: SinceDevelopment | DepartmentDepartment of Energy Lewis & ClarkNetApp Workplace

  20. LEAF Outreach Team Members Needed! Description: The Office of Sustainability seeks an intern to support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    LEAF Outreach Team Members Needed! Description: The Office of Sustainability seeks an intern to support the implementation of the LEAF Outreach Team at the University of Maryland. LEAF is an acronym Outreach Team. You'll be working with a dedicated and knowledgeable team working to effect positive change

  1. Human impacts on leaf economics in heterogeneous landscapes: the effect of harvesting non-timber forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Human impacts on leaf economics in heterogeneous landscapes: the effect of harvesting non tested the effect of foliage harvest by indigenous Fulani people on leaf stoichiometry and eco- nomics with world-wide trends in leaf economics. The effect of foliage harvest on foliar nutrient concentrations

  2. Major Evolutionary Trends in Hydrogen Isotope Fractionation of Vascular Plant Leaf Waxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Erika J.

    Major Evolutionary Trends in Hydrogen Isotope Fractionation of Vascular Plant Leaf Waxes Li Gao1 States of America Abstract Hydrogen isotopic ratios of terrestrial plant leaf waxes (dD) have been widely in leaf wax dD values in different terrestrial vascular plants are still poorly understood, hampering

  3. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios the degree to which an individual plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem and surface waters were analyzed and compared against high

  4. Hydrogen isotopic variability in leaf waxes among terrestrial and aquatic plants around Blood Pond, Massachusetts (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Hydrogen isotopic variability in leaf waxes among terrestrial and aquatic plants around Blood Pond interpretation of the hydrogen isotope ratios of plant leaf waxes extracted from sediments requires a thor- ough at a single site to determine how leaf wax hydro- gen isotope (D/H) ratios differ in different plant types

  5. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains in question. Understanding Coast of the US, from Florida to Maine. Hydrogen isotopic compo- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem

  6. Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum Dana L. Royer1 plasticity and genetic determination can be important for understanding how plants respond to environmental change. However, little is known about the plastic response of leaf teeth and leaf dissection

  7. Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf evapotranspiration in a mixed deciduous radiometer, which seems to be a good method. The often neglected photosynthetic heat storage may heat storage are a re- sult of complex changes of several climatic parameters. Due to the high degree

  8. Evaluation of two methods of predicting MLC leaf positions using EPID measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parent, Laure; Seco, Joao; Evans, Phil M.; Dance, David R.; Fielding, Andrew [Joint Department of Physics, Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Downs Road, Sutton, SM2 5PT (United Kingdom); Joint Department of Physics, Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Fulham Road, London, SW3 6JJ (United Kingdom); School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Q337 Gardens Point Campus, Brisbane, Queensland 4001 (Australia)

    2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In intensity modulated radiation treatments (IMRT), the position of the field edges and the modulation within the beam are often achieved with a multileaf collimator (MLC). During the MLC calibration process, due to the finite accuracy of leaf position measurements, a systematic error may be introduced to leaf positions. Thereafter leaf positions of the MLC depend on the systematic error introduced on each leaf during MLC calibration and on the accuracy of the leaf position control system (random errors). This study presents and evaluates two methods to predict the systematic errors on the leaf positions introduced during the MLC calibration. The two presented methods are based on a series of electronic portal imaging device (EPID) measurements. A comparison with film measurements showed that the EPID could be used to measure leaf positions without introducing any bias. The first method, referred to as the 'central leaf method', is based on the method currently used at this center for MLC leaf calibration. It mimics the manner in which leaf calibration parameters are specified in the MLC control system and consequently is also used by other centers. The second method, a new method proposed by the authors and referred to as the ''individual leaf method,'' involves the measurement of two positions for each leaf (-5 and +15 cm) and the interpolation and extrapolation from these two points to any other given position. The central leaf method and the individual leaf method predicted leaf positions at prescribed positions of -11, 0, 5, and 10 cm within 2.3 and 1.0 mm, respectively, with a standard deviation (SD) of 0.3 and 0.2 mm, respectively. The individual leaf method provided a better prediction of the leaf positions than the central leaf method. Reproducibility tests for leaf positions of -5 and +15 cm were performed. The reproducibility was within 0.4 mm on the same day and 0.4 mm six weeks later (1 SD). Measurements at gantry angles of 0 deg., 90 deg., and 270 deg. for leaf positions of -5 and +15 cm showed no significant effect of gravity. The individual leaf method could be used in various applications to improve the accuracy of radiotherapy treatment from planning to delivery. Three cases are discussed: IMRT beam verification, MLC calibration and dose calcula0010ti.

  9. Host-specific strain of Stemphylium causes leaf spot disease of California spinach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koike, Steven T.; Henderson, Diana M.; Butler, Edward E.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    spinach culti- vars developed leaf spots within 2 weeks, while the wateras onto spinach lines used in downy mildew research. A water

  10. A Tomato Detached Leaf Assay for Chemical Genomics of an HLB Model System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patne, S.; Eulgem, T.; Roose, M. L.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf Assay for Chemical Genomics of an HLB Model Systemapproach known as chemical genomics with Tomato “Psyllida model of HLB. Chemical genomics involves three key stages

  11. PROSPECT-4 and 5: Advances in the leaf optical properties model separating photosynthetic pigments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA d Center reserved. Keywords: Leaf optical properties Radiative transfer model PROSPECT Hyperspectral data Pigments 1

  12. Leaf seal for transition duct in turbine system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flanagan, James Scott; LeBegue, Jeffrey Scott; McMahan, Kevin Weston; Dillard, Daniel Jackson; Pentecost, Ronnie Ray

    2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine system is disclosed. In one embodiment, the turbine system includes a transition duct. The transition duct includes an inlet, an outlet, and a passage extending between the inlet and the outlet and defining a longitudinal axis, a radial axis, and a tangential axis. The outlet of the transition duct is offset from the inlet along the longitudinal axis and the tangential axis. The transition duct further includes an interface member for interfacing with a turbine section. The turbine system further includes a leaf seal contacting the interface member to provide a seal between the interface member and the turbine section.

  13. LEAF Gender Mainstreaming Strategy & Checklist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:KumagaiLABORSTALoading...LEAF

  14. Vietnam-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt ManagementVeraInformation LEAF[1] "Lowering

  15. ELSEVIER Aquatic Botany 58 (1997) 99-112 Leaf dynamics and production of a Zostera marina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the species (30°N) in Baja California, Mexico. Shoots had an average of 4.0 leaves, and 1.0 new leaf appeared the average number of leaves present pet shoot peaked during the September-December period. A maximum leaf

  16. Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia By Alemu, Forestry Research Sector, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2 Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Tree spp. are among the most widely planted exotic trees in Ethiopia. Several damaging leaf pathogens

  17. The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Weraduwage, Sarathi M.; Chen, Jin; Anozie, Fransisca C.; Morales, Alejandro; Weise, Sean E.; Sharkey, Thomas D.

    2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf area growth determines the light interception capacity of a crop and is often used as a surrogate for plant growth in high-throughput phenotyping systems. The relationship between leaf area growth and growth in terms of mass will depend on how carbon is partitioned among new leaf area, leaf mass, root mass, reproduction, and respiration. A model of leaf area growth in terms of photosynthetic rate and carbon partitioning to different plant organs was developed and tested with Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. ecotype Columbia (Col-0) and a mutant line, gigantea-2 (gi-2), which develops very large rosettes. Data obtained from growthmore »analysis and gas exchange measurements was used to train a genetic programming algorithm to parameterize and test the above model. The relationship between leaf area and plant biomass was found to be non-linear and variable depending on carbon partitioning. The model output was sensitive to the rate of photosynthesis but more sensitive to the amount of carbon partitioned to growing thicker leaves. The large rosette size of gi-2 relative to that of Col-0 resulted from relatively small differences in partitioning to new leaf area vs. leaf thickness.« less

  18. Long-term impact of a leaf miner outbreak on the performance of quaking aspen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ickert-Bond, Steffi

    ARTICLE Long-term impact of a leaf miner outbreak on the performance of quaking aspen Diane Wagner and Patricia Doak Abstract: The aspen leaf miner, Phyllocnistis populiella Cham., has caused widespread and severe damage to aspen in the boreal forests of western North America for over a decade. We suppressed P

  19. Effects of tree height on branch hydraulics, leaf structure and gas exchange in California redwoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sillett, Stephen Charles

    with height in both species. Despite hydraulic adjustments, leaf mass per unit area (LMA) and leaf carbon sempervirens; Sequoiadendron gigan- teum; carbon isotopes; hydraulic conductivity; photosyn- thesis; stomatal becomes too great (Zimmermann 1983; Tyree & Sperry 1989). Air seeding occurs when an air bubble is pulled

  20. Two fungal symbioses collide: endophytic fungi are not welcome in leaf-cutting ant gardens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Two fungal symbioses collide: endophytic fungi are not welcome in leaf-cutting ant gardens Sunshine, while the leaf material they provide to their garden is usually filled with endophytic fungi. The ants and their cultivar may interact with hundreds of endophytic fungal species, yet little is known about

  1. Two fungal symbioses collide: endophytic fungi are not welcome in leaf-cutting ant gardens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Two fungal symbioses collide: endophytic fungi are not welcome in leaf-cutting ant gardens Sunshine with their fungal garden, while the leaf material they provide to their garden is usually filled with endophytic fungi. The ants and their cultivar may interact with hundreds of endophytic fungal species, yet little

  2. Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF TAXODIUM DISTICHUM Robert_Adams@baylor.edu ABSTRACT The leaf essential oil of Taxodium distichum is dominated by -pinene (63-69%) with moderate amounts of limonene, - phellandrene, myrcene and -pinene. Oil yield increased from April (3.45 mg

  3. The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Weraduwage, Sarathi M. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Chen, Jin [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Energy Plant Research Lab., Dept. of Computer Science; Anozie, Fransisca C. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Morales, Alejandro [Wageningen Univ., Wageningen (Netherlands). Center for Crop Systems Analysis; Weise, Sean E. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Sharkey, Thomas D. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

    2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf area growth determines the light interception capacity of a crop and is often used as a surrogate for plant growth in high-throughput phenotyping systems. The relationship between leaf area growth and growth in terms of mass will depend on how carbon is partitioned among new leaf area, leaf mass, root mass, reproduction, and respiration. A model of leaf area growth in terms of photosynthetic rate and carbon partitioning to different plant organs was developed and tested with Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. ecotype Columbia (Col-0) and a mutant line, gigantea-2 (gi-2), which develops very large rosettes. Data obtained from growth analysis and gas exchange measurements was used to train a genetic programming algorithm to parameterize and test the above model. The relationship between leaf area and plant biomass was found to be non-linear and variable depending on carbon partitioning. The model output was sensitive to the rate of photosynthesis but more sensitive to the amount of carbon partitioned to growing thicker leaves. The large rosette size of gi-2 relative to that of Col-0 resulted from relatively small differences in partitioning to new leaf area vs. leaf thickness.

  4. Leaf Area Distribution of Tomato Plants as Influenced by Polyethylene Mulch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decoteau, Dennis R.

    of polyethylene (plastic) mulch surface color (white versus black) on leaf area distribution of tomato and appearance. In commercial tomato production, polyethylene (plastic) mulches are often used to increase yieldsLeaf Area Distribution of Tomato Plants as Influenced by Polyethylene Mulch Surface Color Dennis R

  5. Spatial variation of dosimetric leaf gap and its impact on dose delivery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumaraswamy, Lalith K., E-mail: Lalith.Kumaraswamy@roswellpark.org [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Cell Stress Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Schmitt, Jonathan D. [Department of Radiation Medicine, RadAmerica, LLC-MedStar Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21237 (United States); Bailey, Daniel W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia 30342 (United States); Xu, Zheng Zheng [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Podgorsak, Matthew B. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Cell Stress Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: During dose calculation, the Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) retracts the multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf positions by half of the dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) value (measured at central axis) for all leaf positions in a dynamic MLC plan to accurately model the rounded leaf ends. The aim of this study is to map the variation of DLG along the travel path of each MLC leaf pair and quantify how this variation impacts delivered dose. Methods: 6 MV DLG values were measured for all MLC leaf pairs in increments of 1.0 cm (from the line intersecting the CAX and perpendicular to MLC motion) to 13.0 cm off axis distance at dmax. The measurements were performed on two Varian linear accelerators, both employing the Millennium 120-leaf MLCs. The measurements were performed at several locations in the beam with both a Sun Nuclear MapCHECK device and a PTW pinpoint ion chamber. Results: The measured DLGs for the middle 40 MLC leaf pairs (each 0.5 cm width) at positions along a line through the CAX and perpendicular to MLC leaf travel direction were very similar, varying maximally by only 0.2 mm. The outer 20 MLC leaf pairs (each 1.0 cm width) have much lower DLG values, about 0.3–0.5 mm lower than the central MLC leaf pair, at their respective central line position. Overall, the mean and the maximum variation between the 0.5 cm width leaves and the 1.0 cm width leaf pairs are 0.32 and 0.65 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The spatial variation in DLG is caused by the variation of intraleaf transmission through MLC leaves. Fluences centered on the CAX would not be affected since DLG does not vary; but any fluences residing significantly off axis with narrow sweeping leaves may exhibit significant dose differences. This is due to the fact that there are differences in DLG between the true DLG exhibited by the 1.0 cm width outer leaves and the constant DLG value utilized by the TPS for dose calculation. Since there are large differences in DLG between the 0.5 cm width leaf pairs and 1.0 cm width leaf pairs, there is a need to correct the TPS plans, especially those with high modulation (narrow dynamic MLC gap), with 2D variation of DLG.

  6. Abstract Leaf-cutting ants exhibit an aggressive alarm response. Yet in most alarm reactions, not all of the ants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that harvest dicotyledonous plants. Leaf-cutting ants form colonies of up to 7 million workers (Jonkman 1980

  7. The influence of clover and fertilizer on yield and leaf percentage of four warm-season grasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Billy Ervin

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of calculation is used. gtl (ly)fdpl f tdg tg(~A'tt cut in the early leaf, late leaf, and flowering stages to sheep. The per- centage of total digestible nutrients was found to be similar in the two leaf stages but much lower in the flowering stage...

  8. Ecological differentiation in xylem cavitation resistance is associated with stem and leaf structural traitspce_2231 137..148

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Ecological differentiation in xylem cavitation resistance is associated with stem and leaf ABSTRACT Cavitation resistance is a critical determinant of drought tolerance in tropical tree species how vulnerability to cavitation (P50) related to dry season leaf water poten- tials and stem and leaf

  9. Leaf dynamics of little bluestem and brownseed paspalum in response to herbivory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joel Raymond

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and nongrazed periods in a short- duration grazing system stocked at four levels. LITERATURE REVIEW Otqt f Id' ir i L Leaf growth in grasses originates at the apical meri stem or growing point. In the vegetative stage of plant growth the apical meristem...- dividual leaves may be determined by their position on the ti11er. Leaf primordia and axillary bud structures are produced in a continual se- quence at the apical meri stem. Initiation of leaf primordi a is commonly thought to occur in response...

  10. Who Is Buying PEVS in California? Exploring Household and Usage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Additional vehicle "Vehicle Change" Replaced Will Replace Additional vehicle #12;8/3/2012 8 Hybrid Ownership (Hybrid) General pop have Hybrid Vehicle Usage and Charging #12;8/3/2012 9 Driver Characteristics ·Average 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sample M h #12;8/3/2012 2 Respondents Locations 3 Nissan LEAFs Vehicle

  11. Save-the Date: September 17th and 18th Charge Across Town's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Dyche

    electric and plug-in hybrid cars. Highlights include: Toyota will be launching its new all electric RAV4 EV. Nissan will be demonstrating its popular Leaf electric car. DriveNow will be debuting its ActiveE premium and City Car Share electric vehicles; and finally the luxury cars Fisker Karma and the Tesla Model S! Learn

  12. Backyard Leaf Composting Franklin Flower, Extension Specialist Emeritus in Environmental Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    Backyard Leaf Composting Franklin Flower, Extension Specialist Emeritus in Environmental Science. Thisprocessinvolves primarily the microbial decomposition of organic matter. Compost - the end result - is a dark. The Composting Process Compostingspeedsnaturaldecompositionundersemi- controlled conditions. Raw organic

  13. Williams et al. Chapter 6 : CO2 capture from the leaf to the landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    area (m2 ), P is atmospheric pressure (Pa), R the gas constant, TK absolute temperature and d stomatal conductance from that of an individual stoma to the whole leaf using theoretical considerations

  14. Data Analysis and Reporting of the 150 Chevrolet Volt ARRA Demonstration Fleet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard "Barney" Carlson

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for the GM Vehicle Demo analysis and reporting. I'd like it to be posted to the AVTA website. It contains no new information than what is in Quarterly reports that were previously approved by GM.

  15. Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Ethanol Variable-Fuel Vehicle Chevrolet Luminas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. CategoryFebruaryFebruary 17, 2015 -Products &FederalTest

  16. Optimum fertilization rate for intermediate leaf cucumber grown for once-over mechanical harvest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konderla, Timothy Michael

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OPTIMUM FERTILIZATION RATE FOR INTERMEDIATE LEAF CUCUMBER GROWN FOR ONCE-OVER MECHANICAL HARVEST A Thesis by TIMOTHY MICHAEL KONDERLA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A& M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Horticulture OPTIMUM FERTILIZATION RATE FOR INTERMEDIATE LEAF CUCUMBER GROWN FOR ONCE-OVER MECHANICAL HARVEST A Thesis by TIMOTHY MICHAEL KONDERLA Approved as to style...

  17. Distribution of soil and leaf water potentials of mature grapefruit trees under three soil moisture regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prathapar, Sanmugam Ahembaranathan

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DISTRIBUTION OF SOIL AND LEAF WATER POTENTIALS OF MATURE GRAPEFRUIT TREES UNDER THREE SOIL MOISTURE REGIMES A Thesis by SANMUGAM AHEMBARANATHAN PRATHAPAP, Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1982 Major Subject; Agricultural Engineering DISTRIBUTION OF SOIL AND LEAF WATER POTENTIALS OF MATURE GRAPEFRUIT TREES UNDER THREE SOIL MOISTURE REGIMES A Thesis by SANMUGAM AHEMBARANATHAN PRATHAPAR...

  18. The interaction of chemicals and red light on growth of etiolated bean leaf disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, John Lee

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with the basal solution. From the second flask 5 mls. (0. 15 microgram of ade- nine per ml. ) were removed and placed i. n Petri dishes containing two Whatman No. 1 filter papers. The dishes were then removed to the dark- room where the bean plants ware... were then separated and opened. The leaf disk was removed from the basal area of the leaf with a sharpened, sterilised cork borer, 5 mm in diameter. The disk was placed in the Petri dish with the lower epidermis upward and with the main lateral vein...

  19. Characterization of leaf resistance to water loss in two clones of eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr.) with respect to light intensity, leaf water potential, and drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougherty, Phillip Merle

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and S7C1) (aj ove- cycles 1 and 2 where PAR is & 115nE m s and (b) for cycles 3 and 4 when PAR was & 115 nE m s 39 40 FIGURE PAGE Relationship of average tree leaf resistance with time since sunup at high SW (& 30%) for clones S708 and S7015 (a...) in cycles 3 and 4 and (b) cyles 1 and 2, when PAR was & 115 nE m 2 s 1 . . 42 Relationship of average tree leaf resistance with time since sunup at low SW (& 20%) for clone S7C8 and S7015 (a) in cycles 3 and 4 and (b) cycles 1 and 2 when PAR was & 115 n...

  20. Diurnal and seasonal variation in the carbon isotope composition of leaf dark-respired CO2 in velvet mesquite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, David G.

    Diurnal and seasonal variation in the carbon isotope composition of leaf dark-respired CO2 82071, USA ABSTRACT We evaluated diurnal and seasonal patterns of carbon isotope composition of leaf- ing that progressive 13 C enrichment of the CO2 evolved by darkened leaves during the daytime mainly

  1. Leaf Pick Up Guide Lines This program is for those who have no other means by which to dispose of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Leaf Pick Up Guide Lines This program is for those who have no other means by which to dispose of the leaves that will be gathered on the day of the Fall Clean Up program. This is for leaves only and restrictions apply. Please review the following list to see if leaf pick up is appropriate for you. No less

  2. Turning over a new `leaf': multiple functional significances of leaves versus phyllodes in Hawaiian Acacia koapce_2207 2084..2100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    gas exchange, structure and composition, hydraulic con- ductance, and responses to varying light including stomatal pore area per leaf area, leaf area-based gas exchange rates and cuticular conductance & Zeiger 2006). We assessed the functional conse- quences of heteroblasty in Acacia koa (koa; Fig. 1

  3. Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and trichome presence on Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia) resistant and susceptible leaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and trichome presence on Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia wax ultrastructure and leaf trichomes were examined on two Russian wheat aphid-susceptible wheat. Comparison of the scanning electron micrographs showed that the epicuticular wax structure was similar

  4. Evidence for water use efficiency as an important factor in determining the dD values of tree leaf waxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    leaf waxes Juzhi Hou, William J. D'Andrea, Dana MacDonald, Yongsong Huang * Department of Geological waxes can provide useful information about past climate change. However, factors con- trolling dD values of higher plant leaf waxes (dDwax) are poorly understood. Here we show that dDwax values are negatively

  5. Optimal photosynthetic use of light by tropical tree crowns achieved by adjustment of individual leaf angles and nitrogen content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lechowicz, Martin J.

    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Roosevelt Avenue, Tupper Building ­ 401, Balboa, Anco´n, Panama´, Republic of Panama´ Received: 8 September 2008 Returned for revision: 8 October 2008 Accepted: 25 November per area, tropical trees, radiation use efficiency, scaling, leaf angle, canopy architecture, big leaf

  6. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  7. 752 MRS BULLETIN VOLUME 33 AUGUST 2008 www.mrs.org/bulletin Recent experiments have revealed that the wax on the lotus leaf surface, by itself,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    texture" (that is, a multivalued surface topography) on the surface of the lotus leaf. We exploit revealed that the wax on the lotus leaf surface, by itself, is weakly hydrophilic, even though the lotus leaf is known to be superhydrophobic. Conventional understanding suggests that a surface of such waxy

  8. Effects of ontogeny and soil nutrient supply on production, allocation, and leaf area efficiency in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Timothy

    and soil nutrient supply on aboveground biomass accumulation, allocation, and stemwood growth efficiencyEffects of ontogeny and soil nutrient supply on production, allocation, and leaf area efficiency control). Aboveground biomass growth responses to the combined fertilizer and weed control treatments (FW

  9. Reactive uptake of ozone at simulated leaf surfaces: implications for "non-stomatal" ozone flux 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cape, J Neil; Hamilton, Richard P; Heal, Mathew R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The reaction of ozone (O3) with ?-pinene has been studied as a function of temperature and relative humidity and in the presence of wax surfaces that simulate a leaf surface. The objective was to determine whether the presence of a wax surface...

  10. Ontogenetic changes in leaf development and photosyn-thesis of Prunus serotina seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    serotina Ehrh.) is an important commercial hardwood species in the northeastern United States. The species physiological pro- cesses in trees, especially those with indeterminate growth. Net photosynthetic rate is a process that influences survival or death of young seedlings. Relationships between plant age, leaf age

  11. Leaf-litter breakdown in pasture and deciduous woodland streams: a comparison among three European

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiegs, Scott

    , Wodonga, Victoria, 3689, Australia. 2 Present address: Department of Biological Sciences, OaklandLeaf-litter breakdown in pasture and deciduous woodland streams: a comparison among three European regions SALLY HLADYZ*, 1 , SCOTT D. TIEGS, , 2 , MARK O. GESSNER, , PAUL S. GILLER*, GETA RI^S¸ NOVEANU

  12. A direct and rapid leaf water extraction method for isotopic analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakir, Dan

    Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel for isotopic analysis via pyrolysis gas chromatography isotope ratio mass spectrometry (PYR/GC/IRMS). The new-scale studies that require high-throughput leaf water isotopic analysis. Copyright # 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

  13. Noise Localization via Acoustic Emission Monitoring on a Rolling Leaf Bascule Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - ing and closing of a large, double-leaf rolling-lift bascule bridge. The data were analyzed using paint was not removed. Our testing method was consistent with that described in the project proposal eddy- current displacement sensors and two Schaevitz Accustar II electronic clinometers were affixed

  14. The evolution and functional signi cance of leaf shape in the angiosperms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, C. Kevin

    . These include: thermoregulation of leaves especially in arid and hot environments, hydraulic constraints that generate the diversity in extant systems, and consider the evidence for each the above hypotheses we provide an overview of the evolutionary history of leaf shape and then examine genetic

  15. Modelling CO2 diffusion and assimilation in a leaf with axisymmetric finite volumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbin, Raphaèle

    Modelling CO2 diffusion and assimilation in a leaf with axisymmetric finite volumes Emily Gallouët. This paper deals with the numerical simulation of the diffusion and assimilation by photosynthesis of CO2 medium, from experimental measurements of the pointwise value of internal CO2 concentration, giving some

  16. by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 manner conceptually similar to adding a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 in a manner conceptually similar to adding a CCM photo- synthetic CO2 fixation. CCMs have evolved independently in cyanobacteria, microalgae and some a series of membrane- based pumps for CO2 and bicarbonate (HCO3 - ), and special microcompartments called

  17. Leaf scorch is commonly seen on a variety of trees in Indiana during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of unfavorable weather conditions such as drought, high temperature, and hot, dry winds. Newly planted trees evaporates from the leaf surface because of sun and wind during hot, dry weather. If the water supply, especially on the sunward and windward sides of the tree. Where hot drying winds occur for several days

  18. Phytologia (April 2010) 92(1) 31 GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OILS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    CEDRUS WEBB. & BERTHOL. FROM MADEIRA AND THE CANARY ISLANDS. Robert P. Adams Biology Department, Baylor and Evolution Research Group (IPNA-CSIC), 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain Susana S. Fontinha, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain ABSTRACT The volatile leaf oils of J. cedrus from Madeira, Gran Canaria, La

  19. LEAF ANATOMY OF ORCUTTIEAE (POACEAE: CHLORIDOIDEAE): MORE EVIDENCE OF C4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS WITHOUT KRANZ ANATOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pockman, William T.

    LEAF ANATOMY OF ORCUTTIEAE (POACEAE: CHLORIDOIDEAE): MORE EVIDENCE OF C4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS WITHOUT, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 ABSTRACT C4 photosynthesis without Kranz anatomy (single-cell C4 photosynthesis) occurs in only 0.003% of known species of C4 flowering plants. To add insight

  20. Aortic Valve Turning Over a New Leaf(let) in Endothelial Phenotypic Heterogeneity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Craig A.

    Aortic Valve Turning Over a New Leaf(let) in Endothelial Phenotypic Heterogeneity Peter F. Davies, Anthony G. Passerini, Craig A. Simmons A ortic valve diseases are debilitating cardiovascular disorders the longevity of replacement valves and to improve tissue engineered substitutes,1 the underlying mech- anisms

  1. Elm leaf beetle performance on ozone-fumigated elm. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barger, J.H.; Hall, R.W.; Townsend, A.M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaves (1986) from elm hybrids ('Pioneer', 'Homestead', '970') previously fumigated in open-top chambers with ozone or with charcoal-filtered air (CFA) were evaluated for water and nitrogen content or were fed to adult elm leaf beetles (ELB), Xanthogaleruca = (Pyrrhalta) luteola (Muller), to determine host suitability for beetle fecundity and survivorship. ELB females fed ozone-fumigated leaves laid significantly fewer eggs than females fed CFA-fumigated leaves. Leaf nitrogen or water content was unaffected. Hybrid '970' (1988) was fumigated with CFA or with ozone concentrations to determine effects on ELB fecundity, leaf consumption, and survivorship. Significantly fewer eggs were laid at the higher concentration of ozone. Because higher levels of ozone are found in urban areas and because municipalities often replace American elms, Ulmus americana L., with Dutch elm disease-resistant elm hybrids that are susceptible to ELB defoliation, it is important to explore the relationships between ozone sensitivity of elm and susceptibility to ELB herbivory before recommending replacement use of these elms to municipal arborists. The study was conducted to determine whether ozone pollution influences host quality of elm for ELB and how ELB fecundity, leaf consumption rate, and survivorship are affected.

  2. Effects of water deficit on leaf growth and initiation in fast-growing tree species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to be particularly sensi- tive to water shortage (Pereira et al., 1986). These researchers have shown that biomass. In the longer term, a decline in biomass production under water shortage will result from reduced assimilation attributed the decreased foliage area observed with water shortage to de- creased leaf number. Our

  3. Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus leaf diseases and stem cankers in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    in Uruguay By C. A. Pe´rez1,2,5 , M. J. Wingfield3 , N. A. Altier4 and R. A. Blanchette1 1 Department´, Uruguay; 3 Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Uruguay; 5 E-mail: caperez@fagro.edu.uy (for correspondence) Summary Mycosphaerella leaf diseases

  4. Using Leaf Compost Roy L. Flannery, Specialist in Soils, Emeritus and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    Using Leaf Compost Roy L. Flannery, Specialist in Soils, Emeritus and Franklin Flower, Specialist in Environmental Science, Emeritus Composting involves primarily the microbial decomposition of organic matter. Compost - the end product - is a dark, friable, partially decomposed substance similar to natural organic

  5. How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost heaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost the deposition of pest-infested litter on private compost heaps was dissuaded because of the risk of leafminer emergence in the following spring. Thus, the aim of this study was to test safe ways to compost pest

  6. Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative transfer modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative for Sciences, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA d Center for Advanced Land Management Information squares regression We used synthetic reflectance spectra generated by a radiative transfer model, PROSPECT

  7. Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative transfer modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative for Sciences, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA d Center for Advanced Land Management Information regression We used synthetic reflectance spectra generated by a radiative transfer model, PROSPECT-5

  8. Effect of snails (Elimia clavaeformis) on phosphorus cycling in stream periphyton and leaf detritus communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jay, E.A. [North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, the author examined the effect of grazing on phosphorus cycling in stream periphyton and leaf detritus communities using the snail Elimia clavaeformis. Phosphorus cycling fluxes and turnover rates were measured in a laboratory and in a natural stream, respectively, using radioactive tracer techniques.

  9. The Role of Leaf Epicuticular Wax an Improved Adaptation to Moisture Deficit Environments in Wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Suheb

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    regions for cooler canopies, heat susceptible index, and grain yield components in winter wheat. This project aims to define the role that leaf epicuticular wax (EW) plays as a drought adaptive trait in terms of yield stability. A spring wheat Len...

  10. Leaf isoprene emission rate as a function of atmospheric CO2 concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Robert B.

    Leaf isoprene emission rate as a function of atmospheric CO2 concentration M I C H A E L J . W I L not show an increase in isoprene emission at the lowest CO2 concentration. However, isoprene emission rates exhibited a 30­40% reduction in isoprene emission rate when grown at 800 ppmv CO2, compared with 400 ppmv CO

  11. Satellite-derived estimates of forest leaf area index in southwest Western Australia are not tightly coupled to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    Satellite-derived estimates of forest leaf area index in southwest Western Australia Engineering, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia, Department of Forest Ecosystems and Environment, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia, §Numerical Terradynamics

  12. Deviation Between ?13C and Leaf Intercellular Co2 in Salix Interior Cuttings Developing Under Low Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roux-Swarthout, Debbie J.; Terwilliger, Valery J.; Martin, Craig E.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf ?13C values of perennial species are sometimes less negative than model?predicted ?13C values derived from instantaneous measures of pi/pa. It has been hypothesized that the less negative ?13C values could be caused ...

  13. Cummins Improving Pick-Up Truck Engine Efficiency with DOE and Nissan |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1.SpaceFluorControlsEnergyRev. 1)CrystalDepartment of

  14. Secretary Chu Announces Closing of $1.4 Billion Loan to Nissan | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle School (6-8)Need forNextDepartmentof Energy .4

  15. Nissan North America: How Sub-Metering Changed the Way a Plant Does

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEngines |NewStateDepartmentNick Sinai About UsBusiness

  16. Nissan North America: How Sub-Metering Changed the Way a Plant Does Business - Case Study

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEngines |NewStateDepartmentNick Sinai About

  17. Nissan Showcases the Results of an Energy-Wise Corporate Culture

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEngines |NewStateDepartmentNick Sinai

  18. Nissan Showcases the Results of an Energy-Wise Corporate Culture |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEngines |NewStateDepartmentNick SinaiDepartment of

  19. Nissan North America: How Sub-Metering Changed the Way a Plant Does

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREofNewsletter Newsletter BetterEnergy

  20. Nissan Showcases the Results of an Energy-Wise Corporate Culture |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREofNewsletter Newsletter BetterEnergyDepartment of

  1. Fact #755: November 26, 2012 Chargepoint, Blink and Nissan Take the Lead in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyNewto Western

  2. Secretary Chu Announces Closing of $1.4 Billion Loan to Nissan | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »Usage »DownloadSolarSequestration | Department

  3. Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with Nissan and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015 <Department of ii iii2014 Update |Energy Rights andRita

  4. The photosynthesis - leaf nitrogen relationship at ambient and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide: a meta-analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrew G. Peterson; J. Timothy Ball; Yiqi Luo; Christopher B. Field; Peter B. Reich; Peter S. Curtis; Kevin L. Griffin; Carla S Gunderson; Richard J. Norby; David T. Tissue; Manfred Forstreuter; Ana Rey; Christoph S. Vogel; CMEAL collaboration

    1998-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Estimation of leaf photosynthetic rate (A) from leaf nitrogen content (N) is both conceptually and numerically important in models of plant, ecosystem and biosphere responses to global change. The relationship between A and N has been studied extensively at ambient CO{sub 2} but much less at elevated CO{sub 2}. This study was designed to (1) assess whether the A-N relationship was more similar for species within than between community and vegetation types, and (2) examine how growth at elevated CO{sub 2} affects the A-N relationship. Data were obtained for 39 C{sub 3} species grown at ambient CO{sub 2} and 10 C{sub 3} species grown at ambient and elevated CO{sub 2}. A regression model was applied to each species as well as to species pooled within different community and vegetation types. Cluster analysis of the regression coefficients indicated that species measured at ambient CO{sub 2} did not separate into distinct groups matching community or vegetation type. Instead, most community and vegetation types shared the same general parameter space for regression coefficients. Growth at elevated CO{sub 2} increased photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency for pines and deciduous trees. When species were pooled by vegetation type, the A-N relationship for deciduous trees expressed on a leaf-mass bask was not altered by elevated CO{sub 2}, while the intercept increased for pines. When regression coefficients were averaged to give mean responses for different vegetation types, elevated CO{sub 2} increased the intercept and the slope for deciduous trees but increased only the intercept for pines. There were no statistical differences between the pines and deciduous trees for the effect of CO{sub 2}. Generalizations about the effect of elevated CO{sub 2} on the A-N relationship, and differences between pines and deciduous trees will be enhanced as more data become available.

  5. Cotton Leaf Grade as Influenced by Harvest Aid Regimes and Cultivar Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eder, Zachary Phillip

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Chair of Committee, G.M. Morgan Committee Members, J.T. Cothren J.A. Thomasson C.W. Smith Head of Department, D.D. Baltensperger August 2013 Major Subject: Agronomy Copyright 2013... in this trial (P = 0.05). zDeltapine (DP), Fibermax (FM), Phytogen (PHY), Stoneville (ST) .......................................... 48 Figure 6. Leaf grade as impacted by the density of trichomes on different cultivarsz grown in San Patricio County in 2012...

  6. Leaf water potential in Pinus taeda L. as related to fluctuating soil water and atmospheric conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellison, Stanley Lee

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    growing on Bienville loamy fine sand near Rusk, Texas. The average available water storage capacity was 9. 50 inches in the 8-foot profile. Siruiltaneous measurements of leaf water potential and environmental variables were made weekly at two hour... pressure 2 deficit, temperature, and wind (R 0. 78). A regression equation relating total daily water stress to only vapor pressure deficit and soil water content in the 0- to 4-foot soil layer was also signifi- 2= cant (R = 0. 76). The total daily...

  7. Estimation of the leaf area index of rice by spectral reflectance analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Robert David

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of these varieties. Spectral radiance data in the visible, near-infrared (near- IR), and middle-infrared (middle-IR) wavelengths were collected from seven varieties of rice with a portable, eight-band radiometer. Mea- surements of leaf area index, dry biomass... and increases in the near-IR wavebands as the proportion of soil exposed to the sensor decreases. Kriebel ( l978) reported that changes in the solar zenith angle by one degree could change the radiance from a scene an average of +1. 5%, depending...

  8. Molecular and cytological analysis of a novel leaf rust resistance gene in wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franks, Cleve Douglas

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , but that was likely due to genetic background as the recurrent parent of X93D246-R (TAN-300) was resistant to that race while the recurrent parent of TA4186 (TAN-107) was susceptible. Though they were not included in the same inoculation event, X93D246-R and TA... to providing a useful measure of yearly trends in the disease's distribution. Region-wide annual estimates of the losses due to leaf rust in North America usually range between 1 and 15% when susceptible cultivars are widely grown (Roelfs, 1978; Samborski...

  9. Secretary Chu Speaks at the 2010 Washington Auto Show

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Secretary Chu

    2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Secretary Chu lays out a roadmap for how the U.S. can lead the world in making the clean vehicles we need at the 2010 Washington Auto Show. He also announced that the Department of Energy had closed on a $1.4 billion loan to Nissan to build the all-electric LEAF in Tennessee and create up to 1,300 American jobs.

  10. BEV Charging Behavior Observed in The EV Project for 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brion D. Bennett

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet will be issued quarterly to report on the number of Nissan Leafs vehicle usage, charging locations, and charging completeness as part of the EV Project. It will be posted on the INL/AVTA and ECOtality websites and will be accessible by the general public. The raw data that is used to create the report is considered proprietary/OUO and NDA protected, but the information in this report is NOT proprietary nor NDA protected.

  11. Secretary Chu Speaks at the 2010 Washington Auto Show

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Secretary Chu

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Secretary Chu lays out a roadmap for how the U.S. can lead the world in making the clean vehicles we need at the 2010 Washington Auto Show. He also announced that the Department of Energy had closed on a $1.4 billion loan to Nissan to build the all-electric LEAF in Tennessee and create up to 1,300 American jobs.

  12. Where do Chevrolet Volt drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Don Scoffield

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates where Chevy Volt drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at home, work, or some other location.

  13. The fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiological transition during biomass degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Eric L.; Aylward, Frank O.; Kim, Young-Mo; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Hu, Zeping; Metz, Thomas O.; Lipton, Mary S.; Smith, Richard D.; Currie, Cameron R.; Burnum-Johnson, Kristin E.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf-cutter ants are dominant herbivores in ecosystems throughout the Neotropics. Rather than directly consuming the fresh foliar biomass they harvest, these ants use it to cultivate specialized fungus gardens. Although recent investigations have shed light on how plant biomass is degraded in fungus gardens, the cycling of nutrients that takes place in these specialized microbial ecosystems is still not well understood. Here, using metametabolomics and metaproteomics techniques, we examine the dynamics of nutrient turnover and biosynthesis in these gardens. Our results reveal that numerous free amino acids and sugars are depleted throughout the process of biomass degradation, indicating that easily accessible nutrients from plant material are readily consumed by microbes in these ecosystems. Accumulation of cellobiose and lignin derivatives near the end of the degradation process is consistent with previous findings of cellulases and laccases produced by Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the fungus cultivated by leaf-cutter ants. Our results also suggest that ureides may be an important source of nitrogen in fungus gardens, especially during nitrogen-limiting conditions. No free arginine was detected in our metametabolomics experiments despite evidence that the host ants cannot produce this amino acid, suggesting that biosynthesis of this metabolite may be tightly regulated in the fungus garden. These results provide new insights into the dynamics of nutrient cycling that underlie this important ant-fungus symbiosis.

  14. Impacts of elevated CO2 and/or O3 on leaf ultrastructure of aspen (Populus tremuloides) and birch (Betula papyrifera) in the Aspen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impacts of elevated CO2 and/or O3 on leaf ultrastructure of aspen (Populus tremuloides) and birch (Betula papyrifera) in the Aspen FACE experiment E. Oksanena, *, J. Soberb , D.F. Karnoskyb a University ozone and CO2 concentrations had varying effects on leaf ultrastructure of aspen and birch. Abstract

  15. Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature Leaf hydraulic properties are strongly linked with transpiration and photosynthesis in many species. However, it is not known if gas exchange and hydraulics will have co-ordinated responsesto climate change

  16. Characterization of a gene from breeding line WX93D180 conferring resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) in wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Hsiao-Yi

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell, 2n=6x=42, AABBDD) is subjected to significant yield losses by the endemic leaf rust pathogen, Puccinia triticina (Roberge ex Desmaz. F. sp. tritici). Breeding for resistance to this disease is a more...

  17. Characterization of a gene from breeding line WX93D180 conferring resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) in wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Hsiao-Yi

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell, 2n=6x=42, AABBDD) is subjected to significant yield losses by the endemic leaf rust pathogen, Puccinia triticina (Roberge ex Desmaz. F. sp. tritici). Breeding for resistance to this disease is a more...

  18. In tobacco leaf epidermal cells, the integrity of protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum and of ER export sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In tobacco leaf epidermal cells, the integrity of protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum and of ER export sites depends on active COPI machinery Giovanni Stefano1, , Luciana Renna1, , Laurent between COPI and COPII for the maintenance of ER protein export, the mechanisms by which COPI influences

  19. A model for materials scientists: Water runs off the surface of a lotus leaf without a trace. Researchers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the water, not only dry but, most importantly, clean. As the water runs off, it rinses away the dirt, whichA model for materials scientists: Water runs off the surface of a lotus leaf without a trace. Researchers in Mainz use this concept to develop coatings that repel both water and oil. #12;TEXT ROLAND

  20. Defining the Molecular and Physiological Role of Leaf Cuticular Waxes in Reproductive Stage Heat Tolerane in Wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mondal, Suchismita

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    high temperature stress. At maturity the percent reduction in yield components in each cultivar was calculated. The wheat cultivars 'Kauz' and 'Halberd' had significantly high leaf cuticular wax content of 2.91mg/dm^-2 and 2.36mg/dm^-2 respectively...

  1. The influence of species and growing conditions on the 18-O enrichment of leaf water and its impact on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldsmith, Greg

    The influence of species and growing conditions on the 18-O enrichment of leaf water and its impact. Dawson1 1 Center for Stable Isotope Biogeochemistry, Department of Integrative Biology, University, oxygen, relative humidity, stable isotopes, transpiration, water. Summary · The stable oxygen isotope

  2. Global estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Timothy

    using Advanced Very High Res- olution Radiometer Lai data, Climate Research Unit climate dataGlobal estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water-relative-humidity-based two-source (ARTS) E model that simulates the surface energy balance, soil water balance

  3. Leucoagaricus gongylophorus Produces Diverse Enzymes for the Degradation of Recalcitrant Plant Polymers in Leaf-Cutter Ant Fungus Gardens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aylward, Frank O.; Burnum-Johnson, Kristin E.; Tringe, Susannah G.; Teiling, Clotilde; Tremmel, Daniel; Moeller, Joseph; Scott, Jarrod J.; Barry, Kerrie W.; Piehowski, Paul D.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Malfatti, Stephanie; Monroe, Matthew E.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Goodwin, Lynne A.; Smith, Richard D.; Weinstock, George; Gerardo, Nicole; Suen, Garret; Lipton, Mary S.; Currie, Cameron R.

    2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Plants represent a large reservoir of organic carbon comprised largely of recalcitrant polymers that most metazoans are unable to deconstruct. Many herbivores gain access to nutrients in this material indirectly by associating with microbial symbionts, and leaf-cutter ants are a paradigmatic example. These ants use fresh foliar biomass as manure to cultivate fungus gardens composed primarily of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, a basidiomycetous symbiont that produces specialized hyphal swellings that serve as a food source for the host ant colony. Although leaf-cutter ants are conspicuous herbivores that contribute substantially to carbon turnover in Neotropical ecosystems, the process through which plant biomass is degraded in their fungus gardens is not well understood. Here we present the first draft genome of L. gongylophorus, and using genomic, metaproteomic, and phylogenetic tools we investigate its role in lignocellulose degradation in the fungus gardens of both Atta cephalotes and Acromyrmex echinatior leaf-cutter ants. We show that L. gongylophorus produces a diversity of lignocellulases in fungus gardens, and is likely the primary driver of plant biomass degradation in these ecosystems. We also show that this fungus produces distinct sets of lignocellulases throughout the different stages of biomass degradation, including numerous cellulases and laccases that may be playing an important but previously uncharacterized role in lignocellulose degradation. Our study provides a comprehensive analysis of plant biomass degradation in leaf-cutter ant fungus gardens and provides insight into the molecular dynamics underlying the symbiosis between these dominant herbivores and their obligate fungal cultivar.

  4. Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation hypothesis Alexandria L. Pivovaroff1 , Lawren Sack2 and Louis S. Santiago1 1 2014 New Phytologist (2014) 203: 842­850 doi: 10.1111/nph.12850 Key words: chaparral, hydraulic

  5. Air Potato Leaf Feeding Beetle (Lilioceris cheni) Request Form/ Air Potato Vine (Dioscorea bulbifera) Infestation Site Record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Air Potato Leaf Feeding Beetle (Lilioceris cheni) Request Form/ Air Potato Vine: Longitude: Size/Density Approximate total size of the air potato vine infestation: Percent of the total area (above) covered by air potato vines (0100%): Other remarks: Please send data sheets to

  6. The Genome Sequence of the Leaf-Cutter Ant Atta cephalotes Reveals Insights into Its Obligate Symbiotic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graur, Dan

    of Wisconsin-Rock County, Janesville, Wisconsin, United States of America, 11 Department of Mathematics's primary food source. This obligate ant-fungus mutualism is one of the few occurrences of farming by non-humans and likely facilitated the formation of their massive colonies. Mature leaf-cutter ant colonies contain

  7. Summary Leaf reflectance at visible and near-infrared wavelengths (4001000 nm) is related primarily to pigmenta-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Andrew D.

    Summary Leaf reflectance at visible and near-infrared wavelengths (400­1000 nm) is related physiology and relationships between plants and their growth environment. We studied reflectance of two co collected from 24 sites and white spruce from 30 sites. Overall, reflectance spectra of the two species were

  8. American Journal of Botany 96(4): 738750. 2009. The sensitivity of leaf teeth to climate is well known and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    , soil depth, slope, elevation, fire return frequency, disturbance; see Table 1), growth form (liana). The primary goal of this study is to examine how ecological attributes related to disturbance, water to resprout after disturbance, and leaf size, lobing, and compounding; see Table 2). Our specific hypotheses

  9. Biomass, Leaf Area, and Resource Availability of Kudzu Dominated Plant Communities Following Herbicide Treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L.T. Rader

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kudzu is an exotic vine that threatens the forests of the southern U.S. Five herbicides were tested with regard to their efficacy in controlling kudzu, community recover was monitored, and interactions with planted pines were studied. The sites selected were old farm sites dominated by kudzu.These were burned following herbicide treatment. The herbicides included triclopyr, clopyralid, metsulfuron, tebuthiuron, and picloram plus 2,4-D. Pine seedlings were planted the following year. Regression equations were developed for predicting biomass and leaf area. Four distinct plant communities resulted from the treatments. The untreated check continued to be kudzu dominated. Blackberry dominated the clopyradid treatment. Metsulfron, trychlopyr and picloram treated sites resulted in herbaceous dominated communities. The tebuthiuron treatment maintained all vegetation low.

  10. Moderate forest disturbance as a stringent test for gap and big-leaf models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Fisk, Justin P.; Holm, Jennifer; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Bohrer, Gil; Gough, Christopher

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disturbance-induced tree mortality is a key factor regulating the carbon balance of a forest, but tree mortality and its subsequent effects are poorly represented processes in terrestrial ecosystem models. It is thus unclear whether models can robustly simulate moderate (non-catastrophic) disturbances, which tend to increase biological and structural complexity and are increasingly common in aging US forests. We tested whether three forest ecosystem models – Biome-BGC (BioGeochemical Cycles), a classic big-leaf model, and the ZELIG and ED (Ecosystem Demography) gap-oriented models – could reproduce the resilience to moderate disturbance observed in an experimentally manipulated forest (the Forest Accelerated Succession Experimentmore »in northern Michigan, USA, in which 38% of canopy dominants were stem girdled and compared to control plots). Each model was parameterized, spun up, and disturbed following similar protocols and run for 5 years post-disturbance. The models replicated observed declines in aboveground biomass well. Biome-BGC captured the timing and rebound of observed leaf area index (LAI), while ZELIG and ED correctly estimated the magnitude of LAI decline. None of the models fully captured the observed post-disturbance C fluxes, in particular gross primary production or net primary production (NPP). Biome-BGC NPP was correctly resilient but for the wrong reasons, and could not match the absolute observational values. ZELIG and ED, in contrast, exhibited large, unobserved drops in NPP and net ecosystem production. The biological mechanisms proposed to explain the observed rapid resilience of the C cycle are typically not incorporated by these or other models. It is thus an open question whether most ecosystem models will simulate correctly the gradual and less extensive tree mortality characteristic of moderate disturbances.« less

  11. Alfalfa leaf meal in finishing steer diets. Quarterly report, July 1, 1997--September 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zehnder, C.M.; DiCostanzo, A.; Smith, L.B.; Brown, D.B.; Hall, J.M.

    1997-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Ninety-six medium frame, Angus and Angus cross steer calves (average initial weight 540 lb.) were allotted to a heavy or light weight block and then randomly assigned to one of four dietary treatments for a 167 or 189-day finishing phase, respectively. Treatments were control (supplemental soybean meal), alfalfa leaf meal (ALM) providing 33%, 66%, 100% of supplemental protein. Finishing diets were formulated to contain .61 Mcal NE{sub g}/lb dry matter, 12.5% crude protein, .6 % Ca and .3 % P. There were no significant (P >.05) effects of dietary treatments on daily gain or dry matter required /lb of gain. Steers fed 100 % ALM consumed more (P <.05) dry matter than steers fed either of the other three treatments. Dry matter consumption increased linearly (P >.05) with increasing ALM. There was no significant (P >.05) dietary treatment effect on marbling, KPH %, yield grade, quality grade, or liver abscesses. There was an apparent trend in reduced liver abscess incidence in steers fed 100 % ALM. Steers fed 66 % ALM had significantly (P <.05) greater backfat measurements, backfat also had a cubic effect (P <.05). Hot carcass weight had a quadratic relation (P <.05) with level of ALM. Substituting alfalfa leaf meal for soybean meal in diets of finishing steers increased DM intake, but this increase was accompanied by an increase in gain which resulted in similar feed efficiency. There may be an advantage in blending ALM and soybean meal as feed efficiency was improved when cattle were fed the blend. Also, feeding ALM may result in lower incidence of liver abscess.

  12. An evaluation of the relationship of the leaf area index of forage grasses to the survival of Haemonchus contortus third stage larvae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewell, Roxanne Elizabeth

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Percentage larval recovery versus time of collection . . 21 Percentage larval recovery versus number of days after seeding on 10-20 cm flats. Percentage larval recovery versus number of days after seeding on 20-30 cm flats. Percentage larval recovery... versus number of days after seeding on 30-40 cm flats. 22 23 24 Leaf area index versus number of days after seeding on 10-20 cm flats. 26 Leaf area index versus number of days after seeding on 20-30 cm flats. 27 Leaf area index versus number...

  13. Summary Leaf area index (LAI) is a key biophysical vari-able in most process-based forest-ecosystem models. How-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    the Ad- vanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) satel- lite-borne sensor of surface greenness). Because of the strong influence of leaf area on rates of canopy gas ex- change and energy balance, efforts

  14. Warming and Intensified Summer Drought Influence Leaf Dark Respiration and Related Plant Traits in Three Dominant Species of the Southern Oak Savanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindgren, Kourtnee Marr

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The short-term temperature-response of dark respiration may be altered by climate warming through temperature acclimation; however the role of drought in influencing thermal acclimation is not known. We hypothesized that leaf dark respiration...

  15. The determination of the stresses in single and multi-leaf simply supported beams due to impact loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machac, Paul Edward

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was transferred to the test beams. Lubricants. Black powdered graphite and SAE 30 weight oil were used as lubricants in this experiment. 6 Volt batter . A 6 volt GZX-1 Exide automotive battery energised the electromagnet, Carbon tetrachloride. This solvent... these effects. A design procedure was determined for the dynamic stresses of lubricated and unlubricated multi-leaf beams by the best equation which represented the dynamic stresses of a single beam, Since adding beams to the single beam reduced...

  16. The determination of the stresses in single and multi-leaf simply supported beams due to impact loading 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machac, Paul Edward

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The lubricants used for the tests were black powdered graphite and SAE 30 weight motor oil. The stresses obtained from these lubricated beams were measured and compared to the unlubricated multi-leaf beams' The stresses were measured with strain gauges... was transferred to the test beams. Lubricants. Black powdered graphite and SAE 30 weight oil were used as lubricants in this experiment. 6 Volt batter . A 6 volt GZX-1 Exide automotive battery energised the electromagnet, Carbon tetrachloride. This solvent...

  17. Mycorrhizae and phosphorus fertilization effects on survival, growth, total biomass and leaf nutrient levels of two-year old Leucaena leucocephala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbugua, David Kahuria

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MYCORRHIZAE AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION EFFECTS ON SURVIVAL, GRONTH& TOTAL BIOMASS AND LEAF NUTRIENT LEVELS OF TWO-YEAR CLD LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA A Thesis by DAVID KAHURIA MBUGUA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1985 Major Subject: Forestry MYCORRHIZAE AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION EFFECTS ON SURVIVAL, GROWTH& TOTAL BIOMASS AND LEAF NUTRIENT LEVELS OF TWO-YEAR OLD LEUCAENA...

  18. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grills, David C.; Farrington, Jaime A.; Layne, Bobby H.; Preses, Jack M.; Bernstein, Herbert J.; Wishart, James F.

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of amore »unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ?40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ?100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. This new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.« less

  19. Analysis of Leaf and Root Transcriptome of Soil Grown Avena barbata Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swarbreck, Sté; phanie; Lindquist, Erika; Ackerly, David; Andersen, Gary

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Slender wild oat (Avena barbata) is an annual grass dominant in many grassland ecosystems in Mediterranean climate. This species has been the subject of ecological studies that aim at understanding the effect of global climate change on grassland ecosystems and the genetic basis for adaptation under varying environmental conditions. We present the sequencing and analysis of cDNA libraries constructed from leaf and root samples collected from A. barbata grown on natural soil and under varying rainfall patterns. More than one million expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were generated using both GS 454-FLX pyrosequencing and Sanger sequencing, and these tags were assembled into consensus sequences. We identified numerous candidate polymorphic markers in the dataset, providing possibilities for linking the genomic and the existing genetic information for A. barbata. Using the digital northern method, we showed that genes involved in photosynthesis were down regulated under high rainfall while stress- related genes were up regulated. We also identified a number of genes unique to the root library with unknown function. Real-time RT-PCR was used to confirm the root specificity of some of these transcripts such as two genes encoding O-methyl transferase. Also we showed differential expression under three water levels. Through a combination of Sanger and 454-based sequencing technologies, we were able to generate a large set of transcribed sequences for A. barbata. This dataset provides a platform for further studies of this important wild grass species

  20. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grills, David C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Farrington, Jaime A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Layne, Bobby H. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Preses, Jack M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Bernstein, Herbert J. [Dowling College, Shirley, NY (United States); Wishart, James F. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of a unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ?40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ?100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. This new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.

  1. 2012 U.S. Vehicle Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Ho Yeung Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DODGE FIAT FISKER FORD GMC HONDA HYUNDAI INFINITI JAGUARSUBARU MAZDA SCION NISSAN HONDA TOYOTA Domestic Figure 3.1:VOLKSWAGEN FIAT SUZUKI HONDA NISSAN SCION SUBARU TOYOTA

  2. Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with Nissan and Cummins Collaboration Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with Nissan and Cummins...

  3. Effects of leaf rust and powdery mildew on yield, yield components, and quality characters of winter wheats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafer, Brian Andrew

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    becomes heavy (Shaw, 1963; Venkateswar1u and Sirohi, 1974). When rusts begin to develop on the leaves of plants, they com- pete for and begin to mobilize nutr i ents in the host, turning in- fected areas into nutrient sinks . Dry weight of leaves... increases, due both to growth of the pathogen and to an increase in leaf weight per se (Shaw, 1963) . An increase in dry weight in infected areas and a high level of accumulated starch in pustular areas was noted by Yenkateswarlu and Sirohi ( 1974...

  4. Growth regulator reversal of simulated high temperature shipping effects on flower senescence and leaf abscission in miniature potted rose plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Lisa Lisu

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sunblaze (OS) and Red Sunblaze (RS). Growth regulator experiments were conducted to study the effect of silver thiosulfate (STS) and benzyladenine (BA) on delayed flower senescence and leaf abscission of OS and RS. To evaluate temperature, 3 selected... flower stages were designated and plants were stored at 4, 16, or 28C for 2, 4, or 6 days. To evaluate STS and BA, the plants were sprayed with different concentrations of STS and BA in a factorial combination. For the winter experiment, the STS...

  5. Nissan: Automaker improves energy performance 7.2% with a four-month payback using Superior Energy Performance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREofNewsletter Newsletter BetterEnergyDepartment of USA,

  6. Nissan: Automaker improves energy performance 7.2% with a four-month payback using Superior Energy Performance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREofNewsletter Newsletter BetterEnergyDepartment of

  7. Effectiveness of three different Zn fertilizers and two methods of application for the control of 'little-leaf' in peach trees in south Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arce, Juan Pablo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTIVENESS OF THREE DIFFERENT ZN FERTILIZERS AND TWO METHODS OF APPLICATION FOR THE CONTROL OF 'LITTLE-LEAF' IN PEACH TREES IN SOUTH TEXAS A Thesis by Juan Pablo Arce Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Horticulture EFFECTIVENESS OF THREE DIFFERENT ZN FERTILIZERS AND TWO METHODS OF APPLICATION FOR THE CONTROL OF 'LITTLE-LEAF' IN PEACH TREES IN SOUTH...

  8. The effect of leaf rust (Puccinia recondita) Rob. on grain yield, yield components and quality in two pairs of closely related strains of wheat under Texas conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcala de Stefano, Maximino A

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of s ikes er lot -- 'Ihe number of spikes per plot, averages for each locatior. and for all locations a"e given in Table 1 and analysis of the data, are given in Appendix Table 1. No data for this character were obtained a. t Benton. Tne Iowa Park tea... 63. o 64. 5 64. o 64. o 63. o 63. o 64. o 63. 9 63. 4 63. 5 6. 5 21 Table 6. Percentages of leaf rust at Beeville, Temple and College Station recorded in the spring of 1963. Percent e of leaf rust Beeville Strain number 21 Tem le 2...

  9. Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects on photosynthesis to a complex canopy architecture§ M.J. Martina, *, G.E. Hosta; accepted 17 July 2001 ``Capsule'': A process model is described that predicts the relative effects of ozone

  10. Phytologia (April 1, 2014) 96(2) 71 Taxonomy of Hesperocyparis montana, H. revealiana and H. stephensonii: Evidence from leaf essential oils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    . stephensonii: Evidence from leaf essential oils analyses and DNA sequences Robert P. Adams Biology Department oils were analyzed from Hesperocyparis montana H. revealiana and H. stephensonii. The cpDNA sequences the clade for H. montana and H. revealiana. The generally considered close relationship between H. montana

  11. Effect of MLC leaf position, collimator rotation angle, and gantry rotation angle errors on intensity-modulated radiotherapy plans for nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bai, Sen; Li, Guangjun; Wang, Maojie; Jiang, Qinfeng; Zhang, Yingjie [State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan (China); Wei, Yuquan, E-mail: yuquawei@vip.sina.com [State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan (China)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf position, collimator rotation angle, and accelerator gantry rotation angle errors on intensity-modulated radiotherapy plans for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. To compare dosimetric differences between the simulating plans and the clinical plans with evaluation parameters, 6 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were selected for simulation of systematic and random MLC leaf position errors, collimator rotation angle errors, and accelerator gantry rotation angle errors. There was a high sensitivity to dose distribution for systematic MLC leaf position errors in response to field size. When the systematic MLC position errors were 0.5, 1, and 2 mm, respectively, the maximum values of the mean dose deviation, observed in parotid glands, were 4.63%, 8.69%, and 18.32%, respectively. The dosimetric effect was comparatively small for systematic MLC shift errors. For random MLC errors up to 2 mm and collimator and gantry rotation angle errors up to 0.5°, the dosimetric effect was negligible. We suggest that quality control be regularly conducted for MLC leaves, so as to ensure that systematic MLC leaf position errors are within 0.5 mm. Because the dosimetric effect of 0.5° collimator and gantry rotation angle errors is negligible, it can be concluded that setting a proper threshold for allowed errors of collimator and gantry rotation angle may increase treatment efficacy and reduce treatment time.

  12. Spring leaf flush in aspen (Populus tremuloides) clones is altered by long-term growth at elevated carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spring leaf flush in aspen (Populus tremuloides) clones is altered by long-term growth at elevated2] and suppressed by elevated [O3] in aspen (Populus tremuloides). a r t i c l e i n f o Article Populus tremuloides (aspen) canopy. This work was done at the Aspen FACE experiment where aspen clones

  13. Abstract The nutrient base of aquatic tree-hole commu-nities is derived from leaf litter, benthic detritus, and wa-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradshaw, William E.

    - mine how these substrates affect mass at metamorphosis, biomass yield, and fitness (cohort replacement, these resources are either exploited by mosquitoes when they first become available, or they deteriorate and be and for its univoltine life cycle from Mexico to Canada. Key words Aedes sierrensis · Tree hole · Leaf litter

  14. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103, NO. D24, PAGES 32,257-32,276, JANUARY 27, 1998 Synergistic algorithm for estimating vegetation canopy leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103, NO. D24, PAGES 32,257-32,276, JANUARY 27, 1998 32257 communities across the globe in response to climate changes. Leaf area index (LAI) is a state parameter in all models describing the exchange of fluxes of energy, mass (e.g., water and CO2), and momentum between

  15. Supporting Information available online1 Van Bael et al., Endophytic fungi increase the processing rate of leavesby leaf-cutting ants2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    1 Supporting Information available online1 Van Bael et al., Endophytic fungi increase7 Gamboa (Van Bael, personal observation). In Gamboa, foliar endophyte communities of M.8 umbellata to select a species for leaf inoculation12 experiments and manipulation of endophyte densities within plants

  16. Effect of basic slag addition on soil properties, growth and leaf mineral composition of beans in a Cu-contaminated soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Effect of basic slag addition on soil properties, growth and leaf mineral composition of beans in contaminated soils. The BS effects on soil pH, soil conductivity, growth and chemical composition of beans were Contamination 19, 2 (2010) 174 - 187" #12;2 the Cu-contaminated soil promoted bean growth with the lowest foliar

  17. Engineering. Graduate gets job in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    at Nissan Birthplace? Banja Luka, former Yugoslavia, now Bosnia. What is your position in the Department

  18. An inheritance and cytological study of angular leaf spot resistance in the F? generation of a gossypium three-species hybrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradford, Willis Warren

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conditions of natural and artificial infection. Resistance has been transmitted to selections from hybrids of Stoneville 20 with susceptible varieties and to their backcrosses. The results of genetic studies by Blank (1949) and Bird and Blank (1951) suggest..................... ...................... .. 19 2. Distribution of F2 progeny of ZJ?1 x Deltapine among angular leaf spot grades for number of days from inocula? tion to infection ........................... ? ? ? ? ? 20 3* Distribution of the disease grades of individual plants in F2...

  19. Influence on Grain Yields and Yield Components of Leaf Rust of Wheat and Crown Rust of Oats as Measured by Isogenic Resistant and Susceptible Lines.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkins, I. M.; Alcala de Stephano, Maximino; Merkle, O. G.; Kilpatrick, R. A.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ., and Allard, R. W. 1965. Genetic variability in highly inbred isogenic lines of the lima bean. Crop Sci. 5 1203-206. Hilu, H. M. 1965. Host-pathogen relationship of Pllrccinia ~orghi in nearly isogenic resistant and susceptible seedling corn...IIVFLUENm ON GRAIN Y_LEI;DS AND YZZXD COMPONENTS OF LEAF RUST OF l+%?EAT AND CROWN RUST OF OATS m fl2kmured by ISOGENIC RESISTANT AND SUSCEPTIBLE LINES Contents SUMMARY...

  20. AVTA: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 Ford Fusion Energi2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet2013 Ford C-Max Energi2012 Chevrolet Volt2012 Toyota Prius2013 Toyota Prius2013 Chevrolet Volt2011 Chrysler Town & Country2010 Quantum...

  1. Elm Leaf Beetle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, Carl D.

    2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    -cyhalothrin Scimitar® 1 Demand® 1 permethrin Dragnet® 1,3 phosmet Imidan® 1 spinosad Conserve® tralomethrin Saga® 1 For commercial use only. 2 Dursban products are no longer being sold. Use existing stocks as directed on the product label or learn how to dispose...

  2. A bug's leaf | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    metaproteomic techniques at EMSL. Investigating metabolic transitions and biomass degradation in the ants' cultivated fungus gardens yielded important information about how...

  3. Key to Juniperus of Mexico and Guatemala rev. 2/2011 1a.Whip-and scale-leaf margins entire (20 X) or with irregular teeth (40 X) and then with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    . mucronata 4b. Seed cones globose, rarely bi-lobed, twigs (6-15 mm diam.) with bark exfoliating in plates-leaf margins denticulate (20 X) 6a. Seed cones (1) 2 - 11 seeded, if 1 seeded, then bark exfoliating/cone), fibrous to obscurely woody; trunk bark exfoliating in quadrangular plates or if trunk exfoliating

  4. The future of electric two-wheelers and electric vehicles in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Ogden, Joan M.; Sperling, Dan; Burke, Andy

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SAE Hybrid Vehicle Symposium, San Diego CA, 13–14 February.emissions from a plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) in China has2008. Nissan’s Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Program.

  5. Equilibria and Dynamics of Supply Chain Network Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Toyota and Nissan, recalled 3.4 million vehicles sold around the globe, because the airbags were at risk

  6. Solar-Assisted Electric Vehicle Charging Station Interim Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL; Durfee, Norman [ORNL; Maxey, L Curt [ORNL; Overbey, Randall M [ORNL

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been awarded $6.8 million in the Department of Energy (DOE) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds as part of an overall $114.8 million ECOtality grant with matching funds from regional partners to install 125 solar-assisted Electric Vehicle (EV) charging stations across Knoxville, Nashville, Chattanooga, and Memphis. Significant progress has been made toward completing the scope with the installation of 25 solar-assisted charging stations at ORNL; six stations at Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); and 27 stations at Nissan's Smyrna and Franklin sites, with three more stations under construction at Nissan's new lithium-ion battery plant. Additionally, the procurement process for contracting the installation of 34 stations at Knoxville, the University of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK), and Nashville sites is underway with completion of installation scheduled for early 2012. Progress is also being made on finalizing sites and beginning installations of 30 stations in Nashville, Chattanooga, and Memphis by EPRI and Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The solar-assisted EV charging station project has made great strides in fiscal year 2011. A total of 58 solar-assisted EV parking spaces have been commissioned in East and Middle Tennessee, and progress on installing the remaining 67 spaces is well underway. The contract for the 34 stations planned for Knoxville, UTK, and Nashville should be underway in October with completion scheduled for the end of March 2012; the remaining three Nissan stations are under construction and scheduled to be complete in November; and the EPRI/TVA stations for Chattanooga, Vanderbilt, and Memphis are underway and should be complete by the end of March 2012. As additional Nissan LEAFs are being delivered, usage of the charging stations has increased substantially. The project is on course to complete all 125 solar-assisted EV charging stations in time to collect meaningful data by the end of government fiscal year 2012. Lessons learned from the sites completed thus far are being incorporated and are proving to be invaluable in completion of the remaining sites.

  7. The bacterial leaf spot disease of castorbeans. I.A study of the inheritance of resistance. II. Some elemental components associated with physiological resistance. III. A histological evaluation of resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, D. Donald

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of material, basic knowledge and understanding of the genetical and of the physiological mechanism of resistance and susceptibility to bacterial leaf spot would be of considerable help in developing resistant lines. This knowledge would be particularly... examination might also lead to an adequate explanation of physiological phenomena associated with resistance. The purpose of this paper is to report the results of genetic studies made with resistant and susceptible lines, of physiological studies...

  8. The use of stored carbon reserves in growth of temperate tree roots and leaf buds: Analyses using radiocarbon measurements and modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaudinski, J.B.; Torn, M.S.; Riley, W.J.; Swanston, C.; Trumbore, S.E.; Joslin, J.D.; Majdi, H.; Dawson, T.E.; Hanson, P.J.

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Characterizing the use of carbon (C) reserves in trees is important for understanding regional and global C cycles, stress responses, asynchrony between photosynthetic activity and growth demand, and isotopic exchanges in studies of tree physiology and ecosystem C cycling. Using an inadvertent, whole-ecosystem radiocarbon ({sup 14}C) release in a temperate deciduous oak forest and numerical modeling, we estimated that the mean age of stored C used to grow both leaf buds and new roots is 0.7 years and about 55% of new-root growth annually comes from stored C. Therefore, the calculated mean age of C used to grow new-root tissue is {approx}0.4 years. In short, new roots contain a lot of stored C but it is young in age. Additionally, the type of structure used to model stored C input is important. Model structures that did not include storage, or that assumed stored and new C mixed well (within root or shoot tissues) before being used for root growth, did not fit the data nearly as well as when a distinct storage pool was used. Consistent with these whole-ecosystem labeling results, the mean age of C in new-root tissues determined using 'bomb-{sup 14}C' in three additional forest sites in North America and Europe (one deciduous, two coniferous) was less than 1-2 years. The effect of stored reserves on estimated ages of fine roots is unlikely to be large in most natural abundance isotope studies. However, models of root C dynamics should take stored reserves into account, particularly for pulse-labeling studies and fast-cycling roots (<1 years).

  9. Rick Nichols 80.737 89.205 77.116 77.767Chevrolet Corvette 77.116 60583 1 2 64.469 Class Average : 77.116

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    75.543 73.255 76.140 75.993Honda Prelude 73.255 29471 1 56.846 Ray Laffoon 74.167 77.107 73.437 73.501 Gary Kitagawa 67.852 67.445 68.776 69.562Honda Prelude 67.445 36191 1 57.598 Jon Matsushige 74.628 71.403 65.735Honda S2000 64.935 3752 1 3 2 58.052 Joseph Riveira 67.980 68.061 69.283 69.965Honda S20

  10. Advanced Propulsion Technology Strategy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Alternative Sources) Hydrogen Time ADVANCED PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY DOWNSIZED TURBO GAS ENGINE CHEVROLET CRUZE 1.4L TURBO ECOTEC Downsized SIDI Turbo Boosting HCCI -...

  11. On the contribution of leaf surface wetness, leaf size and leaf longevity to variation in leaf water and carbon balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonin, Kevin Allen

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFM), High-pressure method (HPM) and Vacuum pump method (al. (2002) EFM Sack et al. (2002) HPM Nardini et al. (2005)petiolata Annona glabra HPM HPM Nardini et al. (2005) Sack

  12. Artificial leaf jumps developmental hurdle

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumni AlumniFederal FacilityAprilAreAroundArthur P.ISeptember

  13. North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-515-3480 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu | 1/14 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .cleantransportation.org Greenest Vehicles of 2014 by Size Class and Fuel Technology Hybrid Petroleum Alternative Fuel Compact Car) 32 city/45 hwy, Bin 4 Chevrolet Spark EV Electric 128/109 MPGe, 82-mile range, Bin 1 Volkswagen Jetta city/39 hwy, Bin 4 Chevrolet Volt 1.4L, Auto, Electricity/Gasoline (91) 101/93 MPGe, electric-only 38

  14. Cummins Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    equivalent US Tier 2, Bin 2 emissions levels Commercially Viable Solutions - High quality, Great Performance, Low Total Cost of Ownership Program Targets 2010 Nissan Titan...

  15. Whither the Keiretsu, Japan's Business Networks? How Were They Structured? What Did They Do? Why Are They Gone?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lincoln, James R.; Shimotani, Masahiro

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    such as Mitsubishi Heavy Industries provided the thirdKakoki Sumitomo Heavy Industries Electric machinery ToshibaNissan Motor Kawasaki Heavy Hitachi Zosen ShinMeiwa Industry

  16. White House Meeting Honors New Superior Energy Performance Members...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    New Superior Energy Performance (SEP) members 3M Company, Cummins Inc., General Dynamics OTS, Nissan, Schneider Electric, and Volvo Group North America from industry, and the...

  17. Solutia: Utilizing Sub-Metering to Drive Energy Project Approvals...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    plant. Solutia: Utilizing Sub-Metering to Drive Energy Project Approvals Through Data (July 2011) More Documents & Publications Nissan North America: How Sub-Metering...

  18. Tennessee: U.S. Automaker Improves Plant's Performance, Saves...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    periods of one to three years, which is the general standard across the automobile industry. By carefully ranking and selecting potential measures and projects, Nissan was...

  19. Sandia National Laboratories: Infrastructure Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CRADA) and work for others (WFO) programs with industry and government agencies to study battery safety and reliability. Our past and current partners include: NASA Nissan Motors...

  20. Synthesis and Characterization of Polymer-Coated Layered SiOx...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    component compatibility Partners * Jason Zhang (PNNL) * Gao Liu and Vince Battaglia (LBNL) * Nissan R&D Center (USA) 2 Overview Achieve high performance Si anode materials...

  1. Innovation and Coordination at the Callifornia Fuel Cell Partnership

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    a sustainable energy future, increasing energy efficiency and reducing or eliminating air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Nissan VTA Audi UTCAC Transit Toyota Ford GM...

  2. Test plan for composting studies involving weight and volume reduction of leaf and stalk biomass: DOE/OTD TTP{number_sign} SR17SS53 {ampersand} TTP{number_sign} SR18SS41

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilde, E.W.; Kastner, J.; Murphy, C.; Santo Domingo, J.

    1997-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    SRTC and a panel of experts from off-site previously determined that composting was the most attractive alternative for reducing the volume and weight of biomass that was slightly radioactive. The SRTC proposed scope of work for Subtask 2 of TTP{number_sign} SR17SS53 and TTP{number_sign} SR18SS41 involves bench scale studies to assess the rates and efficiencies of various composting schemes for volume and weight reduction of leaf and stalk biomass (SB). Ultimately, the data will be used to design a composting process for biomass proposed by MSE for phytoremediation studies at SRS. This could drastically reduce costs for transporting and disposing of contaminated biomass resulting from a future major phytoremediation effort for soil clean-up at the site. The composting studies at SRTC includes collaboration with personnel from the University of Georgia, who will conduct chemical analyses of the plant material after harvest, pre-treatment, and composting for specific time periods. Parameters to be measured will include: lignin, hemicellulose, cellulose, carbon and nitrogen. The overall objective of this project is to identify or develop: (1) an inexpensive source of inoculum (consisting of nutrients and/or microorganisms) capable of significantly enhancing biomass degradation, (2) an optimum range of operating parameters for the composting process, and (3) a process design for the solid state degradation of lignocellulosic biomass contaminated with radionuclides that is superior to existing alternatives for dealing with such waste.

  3. HYDROCARBON CONSTITUENTS OF ICELAND LEAF FOSSIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jerry; Calvin, Melvin.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    L.S. (1962) Isoprenoid hydrocarbons in petroleum. Anal.and EVANS E. D. (1965) Hydrocarbons in non-reservo; r-rockVI. Distribution of wax hydrocarbons in plants at different

  4. Leaf Coppin Optical Analysis of Surfacesby Second-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrucci, Lorenzo

    principle of those oil additives, commonly used in the lubri- cant industry, whose effect derives from are described. Keywords optical second-harmonic generation, molecular,adsorption, surface, additives, lubricants to the study of lubrication, and more specifically to the subject of boundary lubrication, where monolayers

  5. Scott Roseman: Owner, New Leaf Community Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    worked for the Alternative Energy Co-op, an organizationdoing an internship in alternative energy systems. After theat what was called the Alternative Energy Co-op, which was a

  6. Virtual Plants and Leaf surface modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loch, Birgit

    needs 12 pieces of information #12;· The linear triangle (PLM) and the CT triangle (CTM) #12;I had% PLM 55 pts 5% CTM 62 pts 1% CTM 327 pts1% PLM 323 pts #12;5% PLM 55 pts 5% CTM 62 pts 1% PLM 323 pts 1% CTM 327 #12;#12;1% CTM 327 pts1% PLM 323 pts 5% PLM 55 pts 5% CTM 62 pts All 10473 pts #12;5% PLM 127

  7. Scott Roseman: Owner, New Leaf Community Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an organization devoted to renewable energy technologies. Itwas dedicated to the renewable energy movement. But during

  8. Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Improved hinge system for coupe doors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    prototype and install on 2013 Chevrolet Camaro Approach Gathered customer needs from General Motors ReviewPENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Improved hinge system for coupe doors

  9. Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low-Emitting Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J N

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Make Model Odometer Chevrolet Malibu Honda Accord LX DodgeNeon Ford Focus Honda Accord LX Mazda Protégé Volkswagen3.2TL Buick Regal Ford Mustang Honda Civic Mitsubishi Galant

  10. London & Paris - Depart on April 12, 2007 for an

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pricing not available to the general public on most new vehicles (Cadillac, Chevrolet, Honda, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Subaru and Toyota) Visit us online at www.billmccurley.com....

  11. Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low Emitting Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J M

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Make Model Odometer Chevrolet Malibu Honda Accord LX DodgeNeon Ford Focus Honda Accord LX Mazda Protégé Volkswagen3.2TL Buick Regal Ford Mustang Honda Civic Mitsubishi Galant

  12. A study in hybrid vehicle architectures : comparing efficiency and performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotter, Gavin M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a comparison of performance and efficiencies for four vehicle power architectures; the internal combustion engine (ICE), the parallel hybrid (i.e. Toyota Prius), the serial hybrid (i.e. Chevrolet Volt), ...

  13. Fact #762: January 14, 2013 Sales from Introduction: Hybrid Vehicles...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Toyota Prius hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) was first released in the U.S. market in January 2000 and 324 were sold in the first month. The Chevrolet Volt, a hybrid-electric...

  14. AVTA: 2010 Honda CR-Z Hybrid Downloadable Dynamometer Database...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    at Argonne National Laboratory under the funding and guidance of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Honda CR-Z Hybrid (2010) More Documents & Publications AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet...

  15. The Ohio State University Wins Year One of North American EcoCAR...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    gives students the chance to design, build, and demonstrate cutting-edge, eco-friendly automotive technologies in the all-new 2016 Chevrolet Camaro. The Ohio State has shown...

  16. The effect of carburetor refurbishing on emissions, performance, and fuel economy in a classic pickup tested using real-world tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, Jacklyn (Jacklyn A.)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project investigated how refurbishing the carburetor of a 1952 Chevrolet Pickup would affect emissions, performance, and fuel economy. The test used were real-world tests that anyone, with or without access to a ...

  17. AVTA: Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013-2014 Volkswagen Jetta2013 Ford C-Max2013 Chevrolet Malibu2013 Honda Civic2011 Hyundai Sonata2011 Honda CRZ2010 Honda Civic with Advanced Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery2010 Mercedes...

  18. Automobility in India: A Study of Car Acquisition and Ownership Trends in the City of Surat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Ipsita

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2009). Concurrently, Audi, BMW, Chevrolet, Fiat, Mercedes,5-series, and 7-series in BMW, and the C-class, E-class, andexample, the price of the BMW 3-series or the Mercedes Benz

  19. Modeling consumer preferences for status-signaling brands: branding, pricing, and product-line decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becerril Arreola, Rafael

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    or conspicuous reputation (a BMW sedan) (Miller, 2009). ToAcura Aston Martin Audi Bentley BMW Buick Cadillac ChevroletCadillac M-Benz Infiniti BMW Lincoln Lincoln Lexus Lexus

  20. Drive Cycle Powertrain Efficiencies and Trends Derived From EPA Vehicle Dynamometer Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, John F [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vehicle manufacturers among others are putting great emphasis on improving fuel economy (FE) of light-duty vehicles in the U.S. market, with significant FE gains being realized in recent years. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) data indicates that the aggregate FE of vehicles produced for the U.S. market has improved by over 20% from model year (MY) 2005 to 2013. This steep climb in FE includes changes in vehicle choice, improvements in engine and transmission technology, and reducing aerodynamic drag, rolling resistance, and parasitic losses. The powertrain related improvements focus on optimizing in-use efficiency of the transmission and engine as a system, and may make use of what is termed downsizing and/or downspeeding. This study explores quantifying recent improvements in powertrain efficiency, viewed separately from other vehicle alterations and attributes (noting that most vehicle changes are not completely independent). A methodology is outlined to estimate powertrain efficiency for the U.S city and highway cycle tests using data from the EPA vehicle database. Comparisons of common conventional gasoline powertrains for similar MY 2005 and 2013 vehicles are presented, along with results for late-model hybrid electric vehicles, the Nissan Leaf, Chevy Volt and other selected vehicles.

  1. New Vehicle Choices, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and Gasoline Tax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Elliot William

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a specific vehicle model (e.g, Honda Civic). The higher thethe compact sedans such as the Honda Civic are unlikely toToyota Camry Toyota Prius Honda Accord Nissan Altima Period

  2. Fact #723: April 16, 2012 Japan's Earthquake and Tsunami Resulted...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Information Company Lost Output Quake Costs (Million Dollars) Toyota 980,000 3,260 Honda 446,000 889 Subaru 109,000 733 Mazda 80,000 433 Suzuki* 59,000 177 Nissan** 55,000...

  3. New Vehicle Choice, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Elliott William

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a specific vehicle model (e.g, Honda Civic). The higher thethe compact sedans such as the Honda Civic are unlikely toToyota Camry Toyota Prius Honda Accord Nissan Altima Oct-05

  4. Reliable GPS Integer Ambiguity Resolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Anning

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a specific vehicle model (e.g, Honda Civic). The higher thethe compact sedans such as the Honda Civic are unlikely toToyota Camry Toyota Prius Honda Accord Nissan Altima Period

  5. An Optimal Dynamic Pricing and Schedule Approach in V2G

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    -based schemes have been proposed to leverage the energy-storage capability of electric vehicles (EVs such as Cooper, Nissan, Tesla, etc.. Moreover, the first generation of PHEVs have emerged into the market in 2011

  6. Multi-Mode RCCI Has Great Potential to Improve Fuel Economy in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nissan Multi-Mode RCCI Has Great Potential to Improve Fuel Economy in Light-Duty Diesel Engines DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks...

  7. Breakout Group 1: Catalysts and Supports

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Gordon Rice Cabot Fuel Cells Hiroyaki Kanesaka Nissan Motor Corp. S. R.Narayanan Jet Propulsion Laboratory Radoslav Atanasoski 3M Thomas Wood 3M Guido Bender University of...

  8. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stella, General Motors e-Spark, BMW Mini-E, Daimler Electriclike Buick, Volkswagen and BMW, and not with the brands ofMotors (50%) Dongfeng Nissan BMW (50%) Brilliance (50%) BMW

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Controls over leaf and litter calcium concentrations among

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    only 10% as much biomass and height at low relative to high Ca supply, whereas the other species to variation in soil pH, exchangeable Ca, soil base saturation, forest floor turnover rates, and earthworm of varying Ca supply. We also investigated whether trees species with high Ca concentrations in green leaves

  10. aqueous crude leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Experiments Eduardo Buenrostro.interscience.wiley.com). The precipitation of asphaltenes in two Mexican crude oils was measured using a combination of high- and tank-oil...

  11. Davide Pettenella LEAF Dept. -Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    for the concentration and storage of wood for energy ·Energy services companies (ESCO): from selling the wood standing for different plots (instead of the traditional small annual sales) Auctions of timber organization · Large

  12. aqueous ethanolic leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Polymeric Assembly of Gluten Proteins in an Aqueous Ethanol Solvent Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary: The supramolecular organization of wheat...

  13. availability leaf life: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Category: Life Sciences, Materials License Status: Available for licensing Texas Industry Cluster: Biotechnology and Life Sciences Engineering Websites Summary: Jason B....

  14. Davide Pettenella LEAF Dept. -Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    , Biodiversity, Carbon sequestration, water supply, ... loc.reg. localregiona localereg. loc.reg. localregionali

  15. anthracnose leaf blight: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    disease of papaya Babak Madani a,*, Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed a,**, Alan R. Biggs c , Jugah Kadir October 2013 Keywords: Papaya Anthracnose Calcium Disease incidence...

  16. LEAFing Through New Vehicle Technology | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    data "I think the data collection and information developed will help inform battery and car manufacturers, cities, states and private companies relative to the appropriate...

  17. alfalfa leaf protein: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    periods. Digestibility and rate of passage of experimental diets were also measured using rare earth markers. The perennial ryegrass contained 3.0 percentage units more neutral...

  18. The Culture of Cigar Leaf Tobacco in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Otto

    1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for cotton in the fall of 1910, is responsible for the fact thnt only 30 acres mere porn in tobacco in -1911. The growers received 17 cents per pound for "primed" tobacco in81911, and the average yield per acre was 1100 pounds. It should be stated... depends on the fertility anal condition of the soil, though it must be borne in mind that the to- bacco plant is a heavy feeder and requires an especially strong ra- tion of potash because of the great influence of the latter on the 4 1 burning...

  19. asteraceae leaf extract: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    known as the Crofton weed; other common names are eupatory, sticky snakeroot, cat weed, hemp agrimony, sticky agrimony, Mexican Reddy, Gadi VP 17 THE EFFECTS OF A NIGERIAN SPECIE...

  20. american leaf blight: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    between cultivars can also be established. It appears from the study that when taro cultivation was introduced to a new area, only a small fraction of genetic variability in...

  1. Environmental Control of Isoprene Emission: from Leaf to Canopy Scale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pegoraro, Emiliano

    methane, concern about the response of isoprene emissions to the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration and global climate change has been increasing over the last few years. The consequences of predicted climate change will have complex repercussions...

  2. Cambodia-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL GasPermits Manual Jump to:(RECP) in Developing and

  3. EERE: VTO - Red Leaf PNG Image | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of98-F, Western22,EERE Solar SunShot IncubatorofHybrid Bus PNGRed

  4. Malaysia-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group Jump to:MacquarieInformation Malaysia

  5. Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-LaInformation(CTI

  6. RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+18, 2012Energy ReliabilityNews Flashes Recovery(Engineering)

  7. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the plug-in hybrid electric version of the following vehicles is available: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi, 2012 Chevrolet Volt, 2012 Toyota Prius, 2013 Toyota Prius, 2013 Chevrolet Volt, 2011 Chrysler Town & Country, 2010 Quantum Escape, and 2010 Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle.

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Performance and Testing Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the plug-in hybrid electric version of the following vehicles is available: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi, 2012 Chevrolet Volt, 2012 Toyota Prius, 2013 Toyota Prius, 2013 Chevrolet Volt, 2011 Chrysler Town & Country, 2010 Quantum Escape, and 2010 Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle.

  9. How cellulose-based leaf toughness and lamina density contribute to long leaf lifespan of shade tolerant species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitajima, Kaoru

    for the work needed to overcome inter-blade friction, which was measured prior to each sharing test. Analysis Stefanescu, Marta Vargas Timchenko, Peter W. Lucas, S. Joseph Wright Supporting levels, but the fundamental patterns reported in Fig. 3 remain the same. Details of cutting test

  10. Battery Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging Behavior Observed Early in The EV Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Stephen Schey

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As concern about society's dependence on petroleum-based transportation fuels increases, many see plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) as enablers to diversifying transportation energy sources. These vehicles, which include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), range-extended electric vehicles (EREV), and battery electric vehicles (BEV), draw some or all of their power from electricity stored in batteries, which are charged by the electric grid. In order for PEVs to be accepted by the mass market, electric charging infrastructure must also be deployed. Charging infrastructure must be safe, convenient, and financially sustainable. Additionally, electric utilities must be able to manage PEV charging demand on the electric grid. In the Fall of 2009, a large scale PEV infrastructure demonstration was launched to deploy an unprecedented number of PEVs and charging infrastructure. This demonstration, called The EV Project, is led by Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec) and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. eTec is partnering with Nissan North America to deploy up to 4,700 Nissan Leaf BEVs and 11,210 charging units in five market areas in Arizona, California, Oregon, Tennessee, and Washington. With the assistance of the Idaho National Laboratory, eTec will collect and analyze data to characterize vehicle consumer driving and charging behavior, evaluate the effectiveness of charging infrastructure, and understand the impact of PEV charging on the electric grid. Trials of various revenue systems for commercial and public charging infrastructure will also be conducted. The ultimate goal of The EV Project is to capture lessons learned to enable the mass deployment of PEVs. This paper is the first in a series of papers documenting the progress and findings of The EV Project. This paper describes key research objectives of The EV Project and establishes the project background, including lessons learned from previous infrastructure deployment and PEV demonstrations. One such previous study was a PHEV demonstration conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), led by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). AVTA's PHEV demonstration involved over 250 vehicles in the United States, Canada, and Finland. This paper summarizes driving and charging behavior observed in that demonstration, including the distribution of distance driven between charging events, charging frequency, and resulting proportion of operation charge depleting mode. Charging demand relative to time of day and day of the week will also be shown. Conclusions from the PHEV demonstration will be given which highlight the need for expanded analysis in The EV Project. For example, the AVTA PHEV demonstration showed that in the absence of controlled charging by the vehicle owner or electric utility, the majority of vehicles were charged in the evening hours, coincident with typical utility peak demand. Given this baseline, The EV Project will demonstrate the effects of consumer charge control and grid-side charge management on electricity demand. This paper will outline further analyses which will be performed by eTec and INL to documenting driving and charging behavior of vehicles operated in a infrastructure-rich environment.

  11. Quantifying Grade Crossing Condition as an Input to Modeling Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    /day · WBAPS 0.042 crashes/year · projected highway traffic 14,000 veh/day in 2040 12 Field Test #12;Field Data: · 2009 Chevrolet Impala sedan · a real time acceleration sensor records and stores 3 axis (XYZ

  12. Notes for STA 250, Radford M. Neal, 2000 Organizing Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neal, Radford M.

    : Protection for dummies (eg, airbag) weight: Weight of the vehicle in pounds `Make', `model', `side protection weight Buick Elect.â??Parkâ??Ave 88 1467 54 Drvr manualâ??belts 3360 Chevrolet Camaro 91 585 39 Drvr dâ??airbag manualâ??belts 3757 Isuzu Stylus 91 580 57 Drvr dâ??airbag 2333 Mercury Tracer 89 940 48 Drvr manual

  13. Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter Juan for an Electric Vehicle has been simulated. The purpose of this device is to allow higher accelerations, similar in shape and size to a Chevrolet S-10. This vehicle was already converted to an electric car

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Diesel Internal Combusion Engine Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Downloadable data on the following vehicles is available: 2014 Chevrolet Cruze Diesel, 2013 Volkswagen Jetta TDI, and 2009 Volkswagen Jetta TDI.

  15. 2015 Vehicle Buyer's Guide (Brochure), Clean Cities, Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Year) Driving Range (Miles) GHG Score** Fuel Economy (MPGe) CityHwy Starting MSRP BMW i3 125 kW21 kWh 0.2 81 10 137114 41,350 Chevrolet Spark 104 kW20 kWh 0.2 82 10 128...

  16. Sec. Chu Announces the First Auto Loans for Advanced Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Secretary Chu

    2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced $8 billion in conditional loan commitments for the development of innovative, advanced vehicle technologies that will create thousands of green jobs while helping reduce the nation’s dangerous dependence on foreign oil. The first three auto loans for advanced technologies were awarded to Ford Motor Company, Nissan Motors and Tesla Motors.

  17. DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record Record #: 13008 Date: 10/04/2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walmart EARP Distribution Nestle Waters Wegmans East Penn Manufacturing Nissan North America WinCo Foods of initial DOE funding (Market Transformation and ARRA projects). The manufacturers providing the fuel cells: FedEx Freight East; GENCO with deployments at Coca Cola, Kimberly Clark, Sysco Philadelphia, Wegmans

  18. Sec. Chu Announces the First Auto Loans for Advanced Technologies

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Secretary Chu

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced $8 billion in conditional loan commitments for the development of innovative, advanced vehicle technologies that will create thousands of green jobs while helping reduce the nation?s dangerous dependence on foreign oil. The first three auto loans for advanced technologies were awarded to Ford Motor Company, Nissan Motors and Tesla Motors.

  19. Research Training 22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahashi, Ryo

    of CAE Activity in the Vehicle Development) CAE NV(Noise and vibration) CFD(Computational fluid / Denso / Nissan / Mitsubishi Motors / Mitsubishi Electronics / Toyota Central Research Lab. Group project (Fuel cell Lab., Crash Dummy Lab.) 2.Toyota Motors Co. (Car Production Line, Exhibition Hall ) 3

  20. A microbial fuel cell built by the researchers produces electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    discussed Penn State's progress with direct methanol fuel cells for portable applications and fuel cell cold Yoshizawa and Hideyuki Tamura discussed Nissan Motor Co. Ltd.'s strides in fuel cell vehicle development, this hybrid electric EV1 is being converted to a fuel cell vehicle. top ^ A graduate student explains her

  1. Clean Cities 2012 Vehicle Buyer's Guide (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The expanding availability of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles makes it easier than ever to reduce petroleum use, cut emissions, and save on fuel costs. The Clean Cities 2012 Vehicle Buyer's Guide features a comprehensive list of model year 2012 vehicles that can run on ethanol, biodiesel, electricity, propane or natural gas. Drivers and fleet managers across the country are looking for ways to reduce petroleum use, fuel costs, and vehicle emissions. As you'll find in this guide, these goals are easier to achieve than ever before, with an expanding selection of vehicles that use gasoline or diesel more efficiently, or forego them altogether. Plug-in electric vehicles made a grand entrance onto U.S. roadways in model year (MY) 2011, and their momentum in the market is poised for continued growth in 2012. Sales of the all-electric Nissan Leaf surpassed 8,000 in the fall of 2011, and the plug-in hybrid Chevy Volt is now available nationwide. Several new models from major automakers will become available throughout MY 2012, and drivers are benefiting from a rapidly growing network of charging stations, thanks to infrastructure development initiatives in many states. Hybrid electric vehicles, which first entered the market just a decade ago, are ubiquitous today. Hybrid technology now allows drivers of all vehicle classes, from SUVs to luxury sedans to subcompacts, to slash fuel use and emissions. Alternative fueling infrastructure is expanding in many regions, making natural gas, propane, ethanol, and biodiesel attractive and convenient choices for many consumers and fleets. And because fuel availability is the most important factor in choosing an alternative fuel vehicle, this growth opens up new possibilities for vehicle ownership. This guide features model-specific information about vehicle specs, manufacturer suggested retail price (MSRP), fuel economy, and emissions. You can use this information to compare vehicles and help inform your buying decisions. This guide includes city and highway fuel economy estimates from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The estimates are based on laboratory tests conducted by manufacturers in accordance with federal regulations. EPA retests about 10% of vehicle models to confirm manufacturer results. Fuel economy estimates are also available on FuelEconomy.gov. For some newer vehicle models, EPA data was not available at the time of this guide's publication; in these cases, manufacturer estimates are provided, if available.

  2. De novoDe novo biosyntheses versus sequestration in leaf beetlesbiosyntheses versus sequestration in leaf beetles a mechanistic approach by stable isotopesa mechanistic approach by stable isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    reservoir #12;Pyruvate Acetyl-CoA Terpene biosynthesis IPP (C5) DMAPP (C5) GPP (C10) 8-Hydroxygeraniol acid MVA-pathway (in cytosol) Insect de novo IPP (C5) ( ) MEP-pathway (in plastids) Methylerythritol-4 biosynthesis by jasmonic acid (JA) 3. Allow larvae to feed 4. Collect defensive secretion and volatiles 5

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. This page provides data on the hybrid electric versions of the Volkswagen Jetta, Ford C-Max, Chevrolet Malibu, Honda Civic, Hyundai Sonata, Honda CRZ, Honda Civic with Advanced Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery, Mercedes Benz, Toyota Prius Gen III, Ford Fusion, Honda Insight and Honda CR-Z.

  4. Demonstration of the fuel economy potential associated with M85-fueled vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, J.W.; Huff, S.P. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)] [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gasoline-fueled 1988 Chevrolet Corsica was converted to operate on M85 to demonstrate that the characteristics of methanol fuels can be exploited to emphasize vehicle fuel economy rather than vehicle performance. The results of the tests performed indicated fuel economy improvements of up to 21% at steady highway speeds, and almost 20% on the US Environmental Protection Agency`s federal test procedure city and highway cycles.

  5. Recovery – Strategy to Accelerate U.S. Transition to Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, Richard; LoGrasso, Joseph; Monterosso, Sandra

    2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to develop Extended Range Electric Vehicle (EREV) advanced propulsion technology and demonstrate a fleet of 146 Volt EREVs to gather data on vehicle performance and infrastructure to understand the impacts on commercialization while also creating or retaining a significant number of jobs in the United States. This objective was achieved by developing and demonstrating EREVs in real world conditions with customers in several diverse locations across the United States and installing, demonstration and testing charging infrastructure while also continuing development on second generation EREV technology. The project completed the development of the Chevrolet Volt and placed the vehicle in the hands of consumers in diverse locations across the United States. This demonstration leveraged the unique telematics platform of OnStar, standard on all Chevrolet Volts, to capture the operating experience that lead to better understanding of customer usage. The project team included utility partners that installed, demonstrated and tested charging infrastructure located in home, workplace and public locations to understand installation issues, customer usage and interaction with the electric grid. Development and demonstration of advanced technologies such as smart charging, fast charging and battery to grid interface were completed. The recipient collected, analyzed and reported the data generated by the demonstration. The recipient also continued to advance the technology of the Chevrolet Volt technology by developing energy storage system enhancements for the next-generation vehicle. Information gathered from the first generation vehicle will be utilized to refine the technology to reduce cost and mass while also increasing energy storage capacity to enhance adoption of the second generation technology into the marketplace. The launch of the first generation Chevrolet Volt will provide additional opportunities to further enhance the RESS (Rechargeable Energy Storage System) with each additional generation. Lessons learned from the launch of the first generation RESS will be demonstrated in the second generation to enhance adoption into the marketplace.

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Hybrid Electric Vehicles Performance and Testing Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. This page provides data on the hybrid electric versions of the Volkswagen Jetta, Ford C-Max, Chevrolet Malibu, Honda Civic, Hyundai Sonata, Honda CRZ, Honda Civic with Advanced Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery, Mercedes Benz, Toyota Prius Gen III, Ford Fusion, Honda Insight and Honda CR-Z.

  7. Evaluating Ascorbate Oxidase as a Plant Defense Against Leaf-Chewing Insects Using Transgenic Poplar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constabel, Peter

    Received: 10 June 2008 /Revised: 31 July 2008 /Accepted: 12 August 2008 /Published online: 5 September 2008. Constabel Centre for Forest Biology and Department of Biology, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3020, Stn CSC, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3N5, Canada A. K. Kanellis Group of Biotechnology

  8. A message-size optimal routing in faulty leaf-ringed binary trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullah, Muhammed Zafar

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , but not the least, I thank my wife, Sultana Begum, for her constant encouragement, concern and love. ABSTRACT . DEDICATION . . TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1V ACKNOWLEDGEMENT. TABLE OF CONTENTS . . LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF TABLES . CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION . A...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - almond leaf scorch Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology 98 Resource Assessment of Three Candidate Biomass Feedstocks for Hydrogen Production Summary: ......

  10. Author's personal copy Defense gene expression induced by a coffee-leaf extract formulation in tomato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paré, Paul W.

    vesicatoria [40]. Bacterial spot control requires the use of both agrochemicals and plant resistance. Although the main agrochemicals strepto- mycin sulfate and copper-based products have proven to be efficacious, due

  11. Anatomy of chewed leaf blade particles of Cenchrus ciliaris and Lolium perenne in relation to digestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    to digestion D Wilman P Rezvani Moghaddam Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Wales, Aberystwyth on the rate and extent of digestion of forage by ruminants (Wilson, 1993, Chapter 1 of Forage Cell Wall Structure and Digestibility, eds HG Jung et al, American Society of Agronomy). There are large differences

  12. Leaf dynamics of little bluestem and brownseed paspalum in response to herbivory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joel Raymond

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of differences in parameters of interest be- tween treatments, locations, and replications were tested using the General Linear Model proceduce of :. ati sti cal Analysis System (He)wig and Council 1979). Duncans's New Multiple Range Test (Snedecor...

  13. Determining Genetic Overlap between Staygreen, Leaf Wax and Canopy Temperature Depression in Sorghum RILs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awika, Henry

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    -CTD wl-EWL w-lFT cx-CTD cx-EWL cx-FT gh-CTD 1.00 0.86* -0.09 0.30* 0.58* 0.22* 0.04 0.80* -0.12 0.28* 0.40* -0.10 gh-EWL 1.00 -0.04 0.38* 0.65* 0.12 0.19 0.87* -0.02 0.24* 0.49* -0.07 gh-FT 1.00 -0.10 -0.06 0.07 -0.24* -0.01 0.39* 0.25* 0.06 0...-EWL 1.00 -0.07 0.35* 0.62* -0.16 wl-FT 1.00 0.38* -0.21* 0.60* cx-CTD 1.00 0.57* 0.56* cx-EWL 1.00 0.29* cxFT 1.00 ? 3 phenotypic values are represented in columns...

  14. Leaf traits and foliar CO2 exchange in a Peruvian tropical montane cloud forest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van de Weg, Marjan

    2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF) are one of the most fascinating, but least understood ecosystems in the world, and the interest in the carbon (C) cycle of TMCFs with regard to carbon sequestration and storage ...

  15. Establishing a grassland signature in veins: 18 leaf water of C3 and C4 grasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehleringer, Jim

    of terrestrial carbon fluxes. The evaporative isotopic enrichment of 18 O in surface waters (such as lakes undergo an isotopic enrichment during transpiration (2­5). Application of the Craig­Gordon model to leaves. Helliker* and James R. Ehleringer Stable Isotope Ratio Facility for Environmental Research, 257 S. 1400 E

  16. Leaf dynamics, stemflow and throughfall water and nutrient inputs in a subtropical savanna parkland, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angerer, Jay Peter

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for K, followed by Mg, P, N and Ca. Annual throughfall and stemflow inputs (both nutrients and water) differed among clusters as a result of differing shrub cluster size, total canopy area, and species composition. Throughfall generally made up 97... of Shrub Clusters Plant abundance and size Biomass above BTF collectors Potential Leachability Calcium Magnesium Potassium Nitrogen Phosphorus Bulk Precipitation and Bulk Throughfall Chemistry Nutrient concentrations Regression relationships...

  17. A major gene for leaf cadmium accumulation in maize (Zea mays L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soric, Roberta; Loncaric, Zdenko; Kovacevic, Vlado; Brkic, Ivan; Simic, Domagoj

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    programs to select low Cd accumulators in maize. This can beselection for high Cd (hyper)accumulators in maize can be of

  18. The effects of transplanting stress on photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and leaf water potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and Natural Resources, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141 004 India Introduction Artificial forest in polyethylene bags (16 x 60 cm) containing sphagnum peat and were maintained well-watered. One yr later

  19. Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Yongkang

    source (i.e., Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer measurements) on a general circulation model: 10.1175/JCLI4054.1 © 2007 American Meteorological Society #12;Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR radiative energy into latent and sensible heat fluxes, which results in discernable warming and decrease

  20. Leaf gas exchange and carbohydrate concentrations in Pinus pinaster plants subjected to elevated CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to elevated CO2 and a soil drying cycle Catherine Picon-Cochard Jean-Marc Guehl Unité de recherches en.) were acclimated for 2 years under ambient (350 ?mol mol-1)and elevated (700 ?mol mol-1) CO2 concentrations ([CO2]). In the summer of the second growing season, the plants were subjected to a soil drying

  1. Identification and correction of spectral contamination in 2 O measured in leaf, stem, and soil water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). Deionized water was spiked with methanol and ethanol to create IRIS method were 0.18% for d18 O, and Ã?3.39% for d2 H. The inability to create an ethanol correction curve for d2 H probably caused the larger discrepancies. We conclude that ethanol and methanol

  2. Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1)40 VARIATION IN LEAF ESSENTIAL OILS, DNA SEQUENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    . 20 de Noviembre II, Durango, Dgo., 34220 Mexico and Thomas A. Zanoni New York Botanical Garden, 200th-52 (April 2, 2012). KEY WORDS: Juniperus durangensis, J. durangensis var. topiensis, terpenes, nrDNA, pet rocky volcanic substrate, in Sierra Madre Occidental, a mountain range of western Mexico from Sonora

  3. Dematiocladium celtidis gen. sp. nov. (Nectriaceae, Hypocreales), a new genus from Celtis leaf litter in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    litter in Argentina Pedro W. CROUS2 *, Natalia ALLEGRUCCI1 , Ange´ lica Margarita ARAMBARRI1 , Mari Plata, Argentina. 2 Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD, Utrecht of Celtis tala in Argentina had rDNA sequence data (ITS and LSU) that showed it resides in the Hypocreales

  4. Discussing the Leaf of Allah: Linguistic Aspects of Qat Culture in Harar, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmichael, Tim

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Qat Culture in Harlir, Ethiopia· Tim Carmichael ''"H· ar "i.and its use in Hariir, Ethiopia, historically the premierleaf-based on research in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Yemen

  5. PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Effects of travertine and flow on leaf retention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Jane

    retention. Travertine, or calcium carbonate (CaCO3), is a mineral precipitate deposited when turbulence- induced CO2 out-gassing shifts the bicarbonate equilibrium, causing CaCO3 to deposit in the stream channel-fed, karst streams with supersaturated levels of CaCO3 (frequently 5­10 times saturation with respect

  6. A leaf isn't just beautiful-it is also a powerhouse. With only...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    prototype solar-fuels generator made of Earth-abundant elements. Along the way, JCAP must advance highly promising scientific research to the point at which a new manufacturable...

  7. Response of in situ leaf psychrometer to cuticle removal by abrasion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Colin S

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Cristine Smith, and Russ Gesch, for their help and advice on the project I thank my friends, David "Stilts" Wilson, Brett "Fat" Mumford, and Gordon "Go Cougs" Gates for their advice and support I also thank Cecily Dixon and lqatalie Gates for help...

  8. Biochemistry of ethylene in plants and other problems related to leaf abscission 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrero, Fay Alberto

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    L IBRARY * & M COLLEGE OF TEXAS *&MCOLE&GFTX MA LFOXSLwL &w eSrwFG rwa MFOLT eTM*SLEG TLSrFLa FM SLrA r*GC&GG&Mw co ArX rS*LTFM OLTTLTM r adiing,t,dmh Gscld,,nv ,m ,?n ?gtvst,n G??mm? m? ,?n r?gd?s?,sgt? thv En??thd?t? Cm??n?n m? Fn?ti dh... ?tg,dt? ?s??d??lnh, m? ,?n gn?sdgnlnh,i ?mg ,?n vn?gnn m? aMCFMT MA eO&SMGMeOX ?thstgo ???? Et?mg Gsc?n?,? e?th, e?oidm?m?o *&MCOLE&GFTX MA LFOXSLwL &w eSrwFG rwa MFOLT eTM*SLEG TLSrFLa FM SLrA r*GC&GG&Mw r adiing,t,dmh co ArX rS*LTFM OLTTLTM...

  9. Biochemistry of ethylene in plants and other problems related to leaf abscission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrero, Fay Alberto

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?s?t,dh? ?gm?ng,dni m? ,?n n ? , g t ? , i?????????????????????? ?? L??ngdlnh,i ?d,? is?gmin thv &rr ? ?? Cmh?nh,gt,dmh n??ngdlnh,i ?d,? &rr ?? L??ngdlnh,i ?d,? w r r????????????? ?? L??ngdlnh,i ?d,? aCe thv wrr ? ? ? ?? L??ngdlnh,i ?d,? F & * r... and responses in plants (3). This is not surprising when it is considered that both are capable of influencing a number of basic enzyme systems, among which ,?min dh?m??nv dh ,?n gni?dgt,mgo t?,d?d,dni tgn ?gn?nldhnh,? r, ,?n ?gninh, ,dln? ,?n gn?t,dmhi?d? cn...

  10. Get Ready for Fall: Leaf Peeping, Staying Warm, and Saving Money...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    save money. The site provides a list of simple no-cost and low-cost things you can do to save energy in cool weather. In addition, you can learn about conducting energy audits and...

  11. Tropical forests are both evolutionary cradles and museums of leaf beetle diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Brian D.

    in the genus Cephaloleia, we present evidence for (i) comparatively ancient Paleocene­Eocene adaptive radiation-specific diversification coincident with the Oligocene adaptive radiation of Cephaloleia host plants in the genus Heliconia, and (iii) relatively recent Miocene­Pliocene diver- sification coincident with the collision of the Panama

  12. Thermal acclimation of leaf respiration of tropical trees and lianas: response to experimental canopy warming,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lichstein, Jeremy W.

    vegetation models (DGVMs) and Earth system models (Friedlingstein et al., 2006; Ahlstrom et al., 2012

  13. Leaf damage has weak effects on growth and fecundity of common ragweed (Ambrosia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    artemisiifolia L.), which is known to have lost insect herbivores while invading Europe. We clipped leaves, and measured the consequences for growth and reproduction. Stem biomass was only reduced by defoliation far damaged plants maintained seed production by allocating relatively more aboveground biomass

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER Is the ranking of poplar genotypes for leaf carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    can play an important role for sustainable production of woody biomass to cover renewable energy needs and Populus deltoides × Populus trichocarpa) were grown at two sites in Europe, i.e. northern Italy According to the European Energy Directive, biomass will be the major renewable fuel resource by 2020 (COM

  15. Inheritance of flower, stem, leaf, and disease traits in three diploid interspecific rose populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shupert, David Andrew

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Station and Overton, Texas. Reported modes of inheritance for flower color (pink co-dominant to white), flower form (double dominant to single), and stem prickles (prickles dominant to no prickles) agree with the results in this study. The segregation...

  16. Determining Genetic Overlap between Staygreen, Leaf Wax and Canopy Temperature Depression in Sorghum RILs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awika, Henry

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in this project. The support from the department colleagues, faculty and staff has been an integral part of my wholesome experience at Texas A&M University. Special thanks also go to the Institute of Plant Genomics and Biotechnology, the Texas A&M Agri... length polymorphism SS Sum of squares SSR Single sequence repeats Stg Staygreen TD Temperature depression vii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT?????????????????????????????????????? iii DEDICATION...

  17. Growth, spore germination and infection studies on a peanut leaf-spot fungus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Gopinath

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , iooording to tho other Lncestlgators different noxphoiLogLoal faxcxe of this foe+Re bAwe been ro~ Soseverc after oxeainatilgl of tho oxganbw g. sFecd~dL~~ cchioh nas orlginaoy deeoribod in 1917 by Hoxi in depone it cess suggested that this fonyu ie also...

  18. Molecular Characterization of Durable Yellow and Leaf Rust Resistance in Two Wheat Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basnet, Bhoja

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    , characterize and utilize Adult Plant Resistance (APR), a.k.a. slow rusting resistance, in wheat germplasm to promote durability of resistance against rust. The objectives of this study were to 1) understand the genetics of APR to YR and/or LR present in two...

  19. Specific Changes in Leaf Characteristics of Two Bean Genotypes as Affected by Zn Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacisalihoglu, Gokhan; Lampley, Aja

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INTRODUCTION Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. ) is grown1995). However, certain bean genotypes evolved survival andlocalized mechanisms in common beans (Hacisalihoglu et al. ,

  20. Leaf physiological responses to extreme droughts in Mediterranean Quercus ilex forestpce_2193 1898..1910

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letts, Matthew

    , Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, T1K 3M4 ABSTRACT Global climate change is expected to result in more fre- quent parameterizations for modelling applications. Key-words: climate change; maximum carboxylation rate; mesophyll of the Mediterranean region (Gao, Pal & Giorgi 2006; Giorgi & Lionello 2008; Somot et al. 2008). These changes would

  1. In vitro propagation and chimeral traits of Cryptanthus 'Marian Oppenheimer' (wide leaf clone)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koh, Yong Cheong

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can be a big problem, especially for woody plants. In his review of plant tissue culture contamination, Cassells (1991) hsted 32 bacteria and 6 moHicute genera which are associated with plants. Microorganisms may be present on the surface of a plant... for every plant. Saintpaulia and tomatoe plantlets can be transplanted ex vitro directly from stage 2 (Read and Debergh, 1991) and thus enabling the plant producer to save expense in the operation. Preece and Sutter (1991) reported that in vitro rooting...

  2. Sympodial Construction of Fibonacci-type Leaf Rosettes in Pinguicula moranensis (Lentibulariaceae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    ) VALENTIN GROB, EVELIN PFEIFER and ROLF RUTISHAUSER* Institute of Systematic Botany, Uiversity of Zu

  3. Impact of Simulated Changes in Water Table Depth on Ex Situ Decomposition of Leaf Litter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Received: 12 July 2012 /Accepted: 18 December 2012 /Published online: 18 January 2013 # Society of Wetland peatland. The non-flooded treatment reduced the mass remaining after 14 months from 84 to 81 % for Raphia. The non- flooded treatment substantially reduced the quantity of C remaining in the residue fraction

  4. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s

  5. Laos-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor Batteries Ltd Jump to:Developing

  6. Overcoming Conservative Payback Rules for Energy Efficiency Projects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Fontaine, A.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    other organizations to emulate or replicate Challenge Partners’ successful energy-savings strategies. Showcase projects and implementation models also enable DOE to better understand the challenges faced by companies in the market and how... strategies that enable them to fund more energy efficiency projects internally. These strategies can serve as models for other companies seeking to work around conservative payback thresholds and other financing barriers. Nissan: Payback Period...

  7. Foliar water uptake: a common water acquisition strategy for plants of the redwood forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limm, Emily Burns; Simonin, Kevin A.; Bothman, Aron G.; Dawson, Todd E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To measure whether residual water on the leaf surfaceand drying quanti?ed residual water on the leaf surface. Wesubmergence including residual water on the leaf surface. We

  8. Dehydrated alfalfa leaf meal as a source of vitamin K and unidentified factors for the mature fowl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Richard Lewis

    1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    live weIght at the end of the experiment. Morris (1946) fed meshes contaIning 17, 21, and 32 percent protein In the pellsted and unpelleted forms under different feeding systems. He found little difference in egg productIon but uniformly heavier... wera removed on candl1ng were broken and the age of dead embryos was ast1msted. All abnormal1ties were recorded An egg from each hen was collected monthly for microb1ological assay determinat1ons of folic ac1d, panto- thenic acid, v1tamin BI2 end...

  9. Solution structure and functional analysis of a frameshift-stimulating RNA pseudoknot from sugarcane yellow leaf virus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornish, Peter Verle

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Plant luteoviral RNA viruses employ -1 frameshifting for the production of P1 and P1-P2 fusion proteins important for viral replication. Luteoviral pseudoknots are characterized by three adenosines in the 3' side of loop L2 known to be important...

  10. A comparison of empirical and neural network approaches for estimating corn and soybean leaf area index from Landsat ETM+ imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shunlin

    for applications such as global climate change predictions. Accurate estimates of LAI can also be used to compen , Hongliang Fangc , Shunlin Liangc a USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, Building 007, BARC) empirical methods employing the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and a new SVI that uses green

  11. Alfalfa leaf meal for market and breeder hen turkeys. Quarterly progress report, July 1, 1997--September 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A sample of ALM became available for testing in October, 1996. The sample was in pelleted form and contained 24.2% crude protein and a gross energy content of 4102 kcal/kg (as fed basis). To determine available energy, the true metabolizable energy assay as developed by Sibbald. The T.M.E. system of feed evaluation, A.R.C. No. 83-1, Research Branch, Ottawa, Canada, was used with some modifications as described below. As the ALM was in pellets too large to feed, the ALM pellets were crumbled or finely reground for the test. Young turkeys (6 wks of age, Nicholas females) were placed in individual cages and allowed to acclimate for 5 days. The turkeys weighed 2.4 kg. The turkeys were fasted for 40 hrs and precision fed 36 g of either crumbled (C) or finely (F) reground ALM. Due to the larger volume of the fine ground ALM, a smaller portion was fed and averaged 28 g. The control turkeys received an equivalent amount of glucose. There were 6 replicates for each ALM source and control turkeys. Excreta was collected for 60 hrs after feeding, consistent with recommendations for a longer collection period for fibrous materials. After the collection period ended, the excreta was quantitatively collected and all material was freeze dried. Each sample was allowed to reach equilibrium with atmospheric conditions and then weighed. The excreta was finely ground and analyzed for moisture, protein and gross energy. Samples of the fed ALM were treated in a similar manner. The true metabolizable energy content (nitrogen corrected) of the C and F ALM was 10 12 (SE 50) and 1578 (SE 159) kcal/kg, respectively. Form of ALM significantly affected TME value (P<.01). The difference in TMEn due to form was most likely due to the difference in amount fed. The crumbled form of ALM allowed the full amount to be fed and could have changed passage rate of the ALM through the digestive tract. When the TMEn of the F ALM is adjusted for dry matter content, the value is 1679 kcal/kg dry matter.

  12. Summary. Microclimatic conditions in the giant nests of the leaf-cutting ant Atta vollenweideri were experimentally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzel, Randolf - Institut für Biologie

    established, a nest reaches an average age of about 10 years (Jonkman, 1978; Jonkman, 1980a). Without nest

  13. Hydraulic constraints on photosynthesis in subtropical evergreen broad leaf forest and pine woodland trees of the Florida Everglades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Tim J.; Luton, Corene D.; Santiago, Louis S.; Goldstein, Guillermo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PAPER Hydraulic constraints on photosynthesis in subtropicalwater transport and photosynthesis represents the trade-offwater transport and photosynthesis to evaluate hydraulic

  14. Photosynthesis of a temperate fallow C3 herbaceous ecosystem: measurements and model simulations at the leaf and canopy levels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    - 1 - Photosynthesis of a temperate fallow C3 herbaceous ecosystem: measurements and model, 31057 Toulouse Cedex 1, France Abstract The objectives of the study were to characterize photosynthesis of temperate fallow C3 herbaceous species and examine the performance of a simple photosynthesis model (based

  15. absorption properties of leaf with minimum scattering contribu-tion. In order to minimize the scattering contribution due to air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bass, Hank W.

    , FLORIDA Florida State University Tom Thumb, a useful popcorn --Bass, HW, Kang, LC, Eyzaguirre, A We have mother cells and found them to be suitable for FISH and immunocytochemical analysis of meiotic prophase. Figure 2 shows that telomeres and several knobs can be detected by 3D FISH carried out as previously

  16. vol. 152, no. 6 the american naturalist december 1998 Leaf Size, Sapling Allometry, and Corner's Rules: Phylogeny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donoghue, Michael

    constellations thatcovary in forest spacer (ITS) sequences. Bivariate correlations and multivariate trees. First similar in magnitude for ahistorical and independent the allometry of sapling crown dimensions in relation; and canopy dimensions emphasize the need for integrated theories King 1981, 1990, 1991; Givnish 1986, 1988

  17. TWO COEXISTING, PERMINERALIZED ALETHOPTERIS MORPHOLOGIES FROM IOWA AND A NEW METHOD FOR DIFFERENTIATING THEM BASED ON LEAF GEOMETRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehner, Matthew

    2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    -fern tree, based on a series of orthogonal cross-sections of the leaflets, which are preserved in coal balls. The coal balls, which are chunks of coal saturated in calcium carbonate, were recovered from the Williamson No. 3 Mine in Lucas County, Iowa................................................................13 Background on coal-balls from Williamson #3 mine...................13 Methods........................................................................................14 III RESULTS...

  18. Phytologia (Oct. 1, 2014) 96(4)252 Comparison of volatile leaf terpenoids from Lippia dulcis (Verbenaceae) obtained by steam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    (Verbenaceae) obtained by steam distillation and pentane liquid extraction Robert P. Adams Biology Department, Prairie View, TX 77446 ABSTRACT Comparison of pentane extraction and steam distillation of intact leaves to be due to the different effects of pentane solvent on intact leaves (vs. steam volatilization

  19. Data:B9c50607-9a89-4b97-9a63-78b0867802f9 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to determine the monthly bill: Leaf No. 60 Fuel Cost Adjustment Rider, Leaf No. 62 Energy Efficiency Rider, Leaf No. 64 Existing DSM Program Costs Adjustment Rider, Leaf No. 77...

  20. Data:A90232b6-a6ab-4c0d-bf2d-dbaa5e34a449 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to determine the monthly bill: Leaf No. 60 Fuel Cost Adjustment Rider, Leaf No. 62 Energy Efficiency Rider, Leaf No. 64 Existing DSM Program Costs Adjustment Rider, Leaf No. 77...

  1. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Cars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The General Motors and DOE cooperative agreement program DE-EE0003379 is completed. The program has integrated and demonstrated a lean-stratified gasoline engine, a lean aftertreatment system, a 12V Stop/Start system and an Active Thermal Management system along with the necessary controls that significantly improves fuel efficiency for small cars. The fuel economy objective of an increase of 25% over a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu and the emission objective of EPA T2B2 compliance have been accomplished. A brief review of the program, summarized from the narrative is: The program accelerates development and synergistic integration of four cost competitive technologies to improve fuel economy of a light-duty vehicle by at least 25% while meeting Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions standards. These technologies can be broadly implemented across the U.S. light-duty vehicle product line between 2015 and 2025 and are compatible with future and renewable biofuels. The technologies in this program are: lean combustion, innovative passive selective catalyst reduction lean aftertreatment, 12V stop/start and active thermal management. The technologies will be calibrated in a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu mid-size sedan for final fuel economy demonstration.

  2. Mark Pacpaco 62.518 62.877 60.241 73.220Subaru Impreza 60.241 9111 10 49.880 Mike Singleton DNF 61.271 DNF 61.391Honda S2000 61.271 1718 50.732

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    61.271 DNF 61.391Honda S2000 61.271 1718 50.732 Wendel Penetrante DNF DNF 72.530 71.703Honda S2000 71.682 63.535 63.296Honda Prelude 63.296 3032 51.839 Jaren Takamatsu 73.903 67.854 70.129 67.450Nissan 240SX.246 66.415 63.285 62.423Honda Accord 62.423 18241 50.750 Woody Williams 67.135 65.948 63.045 65.328BMW

  3. Overview of the Duke University Bass Connections Program in Industrial Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, G.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -05-03 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Project Titles ? “Managing Carbon with Renewable Energy and Efficiency in Nissan North American Assembly Plant” • Robinson Ford, Justin Ong, Jake Reeder...Overview of the Duke University Bass Connections Program in Industrial Energy Efficiency Gale Boyd, Duke University Presented to the IETC May 21st, 2014 New Orleans, LA ESL-IE-14-05-03 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology...

  4. Classification of plant leaf images with complicated background Xiao-Feng Wang a,b,c,*, De-Shuang Huang a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hefei Institute of Intelligent Machines

    today, such as coal, natural gas and gasoline, were made from plants that lived millions of years ago of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1130, Hefei, Anhui 230031, China b Department of Automation, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China c Department of Computer

  5. Aridity and vegetation composition are important determinants of leaf-wax dD values in southeastern Mexico and Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mexico and Central America Peter M.J. Douglas a, , Mark Pagani a , Mark Brenner b , David A. Hodell c a marked aridity gradient in southeastern Mexico and northern Central America to investigate the importance to mean annual potential evapotranspi- ration (MAP/PET), explains much of the variability in the hydrogen

  6. BIOTROPICA *(*): ****** **** 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2008.00476.x Effects of Foliar Endophytic Fungi on the Preference and Performance of the Leaf Beetle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    BIOTROPICA *(*): ***­*** **** 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2008.00476.x Effects of Foliar Endophytic Fungi endophytic fungi live inside healthy plant leaves, and in some cases they confer herbivore resistance to the host. All previous studies of endophyte­herbivore interactions have occurred in temperate areas

  7. Summary We tested the hypothesis that the leaf area/sap-wood area ratio in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) is influenced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    - Monteith equation (to describe the transpiration rate of a coniferous canopy) and the Darcy equation (to and this information included in models of plant growth (Grace 1992). Whitehead and Jarvis (1981) proposed an equation

  8. conditions' resulted, at least partly, from the increase in tempera-ture. The observation of lower leaf conductance due to mild water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barron-Gafford, Greg

    . Significant changes in calo- rific values of total biomass were only observed in V. faba (decrease). Moderate, J. L. & Ayerbe, L. (1998) Field Crops Res. 59(3): 225­235. Stirling, C. M., Davey, P. A., Williams

  9. Determination of leaf area index of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and its relationship to site water balance across a large precipitation gradient in East Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebert, Mark Thomas

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    zones and the four soil groups. 4 Relationship between PCA LAI (summer 1994 and 1995) and allometric LAI Page . 12 . 18 . 19 5 Relationship between LAI (littertrap) and PCA LAI (summer 1994 and 1995) and allornetric LAI . . 20 6 Relationship... increase of only 2' C for the months of June through September significantly reduced canopy biomass production. This was attributed to increased potential evapotraspiration (PET, from the higher temperature) and decreased soil water storage which together...

  10. The effect of maleic hydrazide and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on the carbohydrate content and leaf and stem rust response of wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyles, William Earl

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and susceptible isogenic wheat lines at the seedling stage of growth. 34 LIST OF TABLES Table Page A summary of the individual fractions and total carbohydrates as percentage of dry weight of treated and untreated expressed as an average of the four... carbohydrates than the susceptible line. The differ- ence was primarily due to the starch fraction. Determina- tions for carbohydrate and soluble nitrogen of individual plants of F2 generations segregating for resistance suggested that resistance...

  11. Safety Assessment of PowerBeam Flywheel Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starbuck, J Michael [ORNL; Hansen, James Gerald [ORNL

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The greatest technical challenge facing the developer of vehicular flywheel systems is the issue of safety. The PowerBeam flywheel system concept, developed by HyKinesys Inc., employs a pair of high aspect ratio, counter-rotating flywheels to provide surge power for hybrid vehicle applications. The PowerBeam approach to safety is to design flywheels conservatively so as to avoid full rotor burst failure modes. A conservative point design was sized for use in a mid-size sedan such as a Chevrolet Malibu. The PowerBeam rotor rims were designed with a steel tube covered by a carbon fiber reinforced composite tube. ORNL conducted rotor design analyses using both nested ring and finite element analysis design codes. The safety factor of the composite material was 7, while that of the steel was greater than 3. The design exceeded the PNGV recommendation for a safety factor of at least 4 for composite material to prevent flywheel burst.

  12. Evaluation of aftermarket LPG conversion kits in light-duty vehicle applications. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bass, E.A. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (US)] [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (US)

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SwRI was contracted by NREL to evaluate three LPG conversion kits on a Chevrolet Lumina. The objective of the project was to measure the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions and fuel economy of these kits, and compare their performance to gasoline-fueled operation and to each other. Varying LPG fuel blends allowed a preliminary look at the potential for fuel system disturbance. The project required kit installation and adjustment according to manufacturer`s instructions. A limited amount of trouble diagnosis was also performed on the fuel systems. A simultaneous contract from the Texas Railroad Commission, in cooperation with NREL, provided funds for additional testing with market fuels (HD5 propane and industry average gasoline) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions speciation to determine the ozone-forming potential of LPG HC emissions. This report documents the procurement, installation, and testing of these LPG conversion kits.

  13. U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCar & Vehicle Technologies Program CARB Executive Order Exemption Process for a Hydrogen-fueled Internal Combustion engine Vehicle -- Status Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CARB Executive Order Exemption Process for a Hydrogen-fueled Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle was undertaken to define the requirements to achieve a California Air Resource Board Executive Order for a hydrogenfueled vehicle retrofit kit. A 2005 to 2006 General Motors Company Sierra/Chevrolet Silverado 1500HD pickup was assumed to be the build-from vehicle for the retrofit kit. The emissions demonstration was determined not to pose a significant hurdle due to the non-hydrocarbon-based fuel and lean-burn operation. However, significant work was determined to be necessary for Onboard Diagnostics Level II compliance. Therefore, it is recommended that an Experimental Permit be obtained from the California Air Resource Board to license and operate the vehicles for the durability of the demonstration in support of preparing a fully compliant and certifiable package that can be submitted.

  14. TexasAgriculturalExtensionService The Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    ; leaf discoloration Milk 28 F (-2 C) White awns or white heads; damage to lower stems; leaf Moderate their water content andtheseverityoffreezeinjury.Amplesoilmoisture,cool temperatures

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - aux red oils Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology 22 Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale Summary: Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale 12;About Red...

  16. Copyright 2008, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) 0883-1351/08/0023-0421/$3.00 PALAIOS, 2008, v. 23, p. 421423

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    or C-S-R triangle (Grime, 1977). Importantly, the interrelation- ships among leaf economic traits fossil leaf eco- nomics. The fir

  17. Hinge assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vandergriff, D.H.

    1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A hinge assembly is disclosed having a first leaf, a second leaf and linking member. The first leaf has a contact surface. The second leaf has a first contact surface and a second contact surface. The linking member pivotally connects to the first leaf and to the second leaf. The hinge assembly is capable of moving from a closed position to an open position. In the closed position, the contact surface of the first leaf merges with the first contact surface of the second leaf. In the open position, the contact surface of the first leaf merges with the second contact surface of the second leaf. The hinge assembly can include a seal on the contact surface of the first leaf. 8 figs.

  18. Fundamentals ofFundamentals of Tree NutritionTree Nutrition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storage Nutrients Foliar Efficiency Available Water Leaf Area Productivity Above Ground Below Ground

  19. COMPUTER ANIMATION AND VIRTUAL WORLDS Comp. Anim. Virtual Worlds 2004; 15: 237244 (DOI: 10.1002/cav.26)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Justin Wing Lok

    ) * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Physically-based simulation of plant leaf growth By Iris R. Wang*, Justin W. L. Wan and Gladimir V. G * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * A mathematical model is presented to simulate the growth of a plant leaf. The tissue in the leaf has been # 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEY WORDS: plant; leaf; growth model; physically-based simulation; natural

  20. PROPERTIES OF HDPE/CLAY/WOOD NANOCOMPOSITES , C. M. Clemons 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from wood, kenaf, flax, hemp, cotton, Kraft pulp, coconut husk, areca fruit, pineapple leaf, oil palm

  1. Studies of yield and quality of grain, yield components, effect of leaf rust, and forage production of mixed varietal populations, and pure stands of varieties in wheat and oats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Da Gama Rose, Renaud Wilfred

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    determined (. z analysis of variance as outlined ty Dtee' and Torrie (29), Tr e analys?. of variar;c fo? i m- of wheat grown at College Statior, . ' given in Appendix T. =hie ' ?(eplications were highly sign?fi?an? at Gi 'cv. 1? indic ~ ti:?= thai soil...

  2. BIOTROPICA 41(2): 221225 2009 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2008.00476.x Effects of Foliar Endophytic Fungi on the Preference and Performance of the Leaf Beetle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    BIOTROPICA 41(2): 221­225 2009 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2008.00476.x Effects of Foliar Endophytic Fungi endophytic fungi live inside healthy plant leaves, and in some cases they confer herbivore resistance to the host. All previous studies of endophyte­herbivore interactions have occurred in temperate areas

  3. Entomosporium Leafspot of Photinia and Indian Hawthorn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Kevin

    2003-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Entomosporium Leaf Spot Photinia and Indian Hawthorn Kevin Ong, Assistant Professor and Extension Plant Pathologist Symptoms The first signs of Entomosporium leaf spot disease are tiny, circular, often bright red spots on both surfaces...

  4. Vegetable & Herb Disease Control Products for Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Mark; Hess, Jesus F.

    1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    vulgare var. azoricum) 6 - Parsley, curly and flat leaf (Petroselinum crispum, P. crispum var. neapolitanum) 7 - Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa ssp. sativa) n - Alternaria leaf spot o - Anthracnose (Marssonina panattoiana, etc.) p - Bacterial...

  5. Structural Learning for Visual Inferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Quannan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of codebook ERC-Forest Leaf-Kmeans RFSC-Cvx-1tree RFSC-Cvxof codebook ERC-Forest Leaf-Kmeans RFSC-Cvx-1tree RFSC-Cvx

  6. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diluting and using emulsions Dormant spraying Dry lime-sulphur Dusting D N Oils Dormant oils European red Insects on plums Introduction ..- [ron-sulphate-lime mixture I .ead arsenate Leaf-curl I ,eaf hoppers Leaf

  7. The germination and development of seedlings from seeds treated with growth regulators: (2-chloroethyl) trimethylammonium chloride, succinic acid 2,2 dimethylhydrazide and 2,3-dihydro-5-6-diphenyl-1,4 oxathiin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamp, Marihelen

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    intensity, demonstrate any significant reduction in leaf width (Table II). Leaf length was not significantly affected by these treatments under either light level (Table III). Because the influence of growth retarding chemicals is in the subapical meris...

  8. Interplay of oxygen-evolution kinetics and photovoltaic power curves on the construction of artificial leaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surendranath, Yogesh

    An artificial leaf can perform direct solar-to-fuels conversion. The construction of an efficient artificial leaf or other photovoltaic (PV)-photoelectrochemical device requires that the power curve of the PV material and ...

  9. ANNUAL SYMBIOSIS WORKSHOP ---MAY 19-20TH , 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sachs, Joel

    :20-1:40 Sharon Lafferty Doty Nitrogen-Fixing Endophytes of Poplar and Willow:10 ­ 2:30 Carolin Frank Bacterial Endophytes of Forest Conifers: Specificity Interacting symbioses: leaf endophyte load and fungal garden development in leaf

  10. ANNUAL SYMBIOSIS WORKSHOP ---MAY 19-20TH , 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sachs, Joel

    :20-1:40 Sharon Lafferty Doty Nitrogen-Fixing Endophytes of Poplar and Willow Frank Bacterial Endophytes of Forest Conifers: Specificity and Adaptive symbioses: leaf endophyte load and fungal garden development in leaf-cutting ants · 2

  11. Report to the New Jersey State Board of Agriculture September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    over bare ground and black plastic production. It was found shredded leaf mulch application yields agriculture for a changing climate." Shredded leaf mulch application is a worthwhile cultural practice

  12. area index lai: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Derived Leaf Area Index over the High-Latitude Northern Hemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models CiteSeer Summary: Abstract: Leaf Area Index (LAI) is a key parameter in the...

  13. area part ii: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Derived Leaf Area Index over the High-Latitude Northern Hemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models CiteSeer Summary: Abstract: Leaf Area Index (LAI) is a key parameter in the...

  14. Optical and Range Flow to Measure 3D Plant Growth and Motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barron, John

    of a castor oil bean plant. Our method gives the local 3D velocity of leaf surface elements in a local total seedling at the primary leaf stage was inserted into a glass bottle containing water and coils from water

  15. Chinese Painting in 3D: An Artistic Study of the Use of the Traditional Chinese Painting Aesthetic in Three-Dimensional Computer Graphics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strickland, Stephanie Ann

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Visual representation of the UV unwrapping process [2] ???????? 13 Exported image as a result of the UV unwrapping process applied to the lotus leaf model ???????????????????????? 14 Scanned digital image of hand-painted lotus leaf brushstrokes... created with ink on rice paper ???????????????????????. 15 Lotus leaf color map created using scanned images. Texture map with UV coordinates overlaid as a guide (left). Color map mapped onto lotus leaf model (right...

  16. Original article Measurement and modelling of radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (Diawara, 1990) that the trunks have almost no effect on heat and mass exchange. The leaf area index (LAI

  17. Effect of transpiration rate on internal plant resistance to water flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hailey, James Lester

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    models for liquid water flow in plants. because it enables one to estimate leaf water potential from known or estimated transpiration rates. The predicted leaf water potential can be used for scheduling irrigation ~ The leaf diffusion resistance... OF LITERATURE Soil Resistance Internal Plant Resistance Ohm's Law Analogy Mathematical Models of Water Transport in the Soil-Plant- Atmosphere System . ~ Poiseuille's Law . ~ ~ ~ ~ Leaf Diffusion and Aerodynamic Resistances ~ Conclusions of Literature...

  18. The Plant Cell,Vol. 3, 801-807, August 1991O 1991American Society of Plant Physiologists Sectors of /gu/e/ess-1Tissue lnterrupt an lnductive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becraft, Philip W.

    of /ígu/e/ess-1Tissue lnterrupt an lnductive Signal during Maize Leaf Development Philip W. Becraft

  19. Investigation of North American vegetation variability under recent climate: A study using the SSiB4/TRIFFID biophysical/dynamic vegetation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluation of CMIP5 Earth System Models in Reproducing LeafHemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models. Remote Sensing, 5,

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLES A Conserved Mechanism of Bract Suppression in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, David

    ORGANS (UFO) (Hepworth et al., 2006). In addition, several genes with a general role in promoting leaf

  1. Inclusions and non-inclusions of Archimedean and Laves lattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wierman, John C.

    , 122 ) is the "asa no ha" [5] lattice, Japanese for "hemp leaf." Let A B denote that A is isomorphic

  2. Ovipositional preferences of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Fabricius)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutsch, Randall Gary

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    linea of cotton were selected according to the degree of epidermal hairs (trichomes) on the leaf surface. The hirsute line (genotype H2H2) contained simple and stellate hairs on the leaf veins and on the leaf surface between the veins. The normal line...

  3. ESAIM: COCV ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations Vol. 13, No 2, 2007, pp. 359377 www.edpsciences.org/cocv

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Qinglan

    , absorb solar energy at Keywords and phrases. Formation of a tree leaf, optimal transport system, leaf shape, leaf venation pattern. This work was supported by an NSF grant DMS-0306686. The author wants the surface area as large as possible to maximize metabolic capacity, because metabolism produces the energy

  4. Seasonal development of ozone-induced foliar injury on tall milkweed (Asclepias exaltata) in Great Smoky Mountains National Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neufeld, Howard S.

    Seasonal development of ozone-induced foliar injury on tall milkweed (Asclepias exaltata) in Great by symptoms of foliar ozone injury. Abstract The goals of this study were to document the development of ozone-induced foliar injury, on a leaf-by-leaf basis, and to develop ozone exposure relationships for leaf cohorts

  5. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 93, pp. 4600-4603, May 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chew, Frances Sze-Ling

    the leaf surface. Leaf surface topography directly affects microhabitat availability for colonizing interactions have demonstrated the importance of plant surface topography or roughness in determining the topography-i.e., the three- dimensional structure-of such leaf surfaces or to record precise changes

  6. Analysis and modeling of gas exchange processes in Scaevola aemula Soo-Hyung Kim a,*, Paul R. Fisher b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieth, J. Heinrich

    concentration, and leaf temperature. Net CO2 assimilation rate (A) was responsive to CO2, exhibiting = 1500 mmol mÀ2 sÀ1 . Net CO2 assimilation rates were similar at leaf temperatures between 20 and 30 8C then compared with observations at different leaf temperatures. The model predicted the rates of net CO2

  7. Summary Weusedthreemethodstomeasureboundarylayer conductance to heat transfer (gbH) and water vapor transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Timothy

    Summary Weusedthreemethodstomeasureboundarylayer conductance to heat transfer (gbH) and water vapor of transpiration). The boundary layer conductance to heat transfer is small enough that leaf temperature can become diffusion, the boundary layer around a leaf also provides resistance to the transfer of heat between a leaf

  8. U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation Fifth Quarterly Report October - December 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Zirker; James Francfort

    2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation quarterly report (October-December 2003) details the ongoing fleet evaluation of an oil bypass filter technology by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Eight four-cycle diesel-engine buses used to transport INEEL employees on various routes have been equipped with oil bypass filter systems from the puraDYN Corporation. The bypass filters are reported to have engine oil filtering capability of <1 micron and a built-in additive package to facilitate extended oil-drain intervals. To date, the eight buses have accumulated 324,091 test miles. This represents an avoidance of 27 oil changes, which equate to 952 quarts (238 gallons) of new oil not conserved and therefore, 952 quarts of waste oil not generated. To validate the extended oil-drain intervals, an oil-analysis regime is used to evaluate the fitness of the oil for continued service by monitoring the presence of necessary additives, undesirable contaminants, and engine-wear metals. The test fleet has been expanded to include six Chevrolet Tahoe sport utility vehicles with gasoline engines.

  9. Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation, Fourth Quarterly Report, July--September 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James E. Francfort; Larry Zirker

    2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fourth Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation report details the ongoing fleet evaluation of an oil bypass filter technology by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Eight four-cycle diesel-engine buses used to transport INEEL employees on various routes have been equipped with oil bypass filter systems from the puraDYN Corporation. The bypass filters are reported to have engine oil filtering capability of <1 micron and a built-in additive package to facilitate extended oil-drain intervals. To date, the eight buses have accumulated 259,398 test miles. This represents an avoidance of 21 oil changes, which equates to 740 quarts (185 gallons) of oil not used or disposed of. To validate the extended oil-drain intervals, an oil-analysis regime evaluates the fitness of the oil for continued service by monitoring the presence of necessary additives, undesirable contaminants, and engine-wear metals. For bus 73450, higher values of iron have been reported, but the wear rate ratio (parts per million of iron per thousand miles driven) has remained consistent. In anticipation of also evaluating oil bypass systems on six Chevrolet Tahoe sport utility vehicles, the oil is being sampled on each of the Tahoes to develop a characterization history or baseline for each engine.

  10. U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. R. Zirker; J. E. Francfort; J. J. Fielding

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation final report documents the feasibility of using oil bypass filters on 17 vehicles in the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) fleet during a 3-year test period. Almost 1.3 million test miles were accumulated, with eleven 4-cycle diesel engine buses accumulating 982,548 test miles and six gasoline-engine Chevrolet Tahoes accumulating 303,172 test miles. Two hundred and forty oil samples, taken at each 12,000-mile bus servicing event and at 3,000 miles for the Tahoes, documented the condition of the engine oils for continued service. Twenty-eight variables were normally tested, including the presence of desired additives and undesired wear metals such as iron and chrome, as well as soot, water, glycol, and fuel. Depending on the assumptions employed, the INL found that oil bypass filter systems for diesel engine buses have a positive payback between 72,000 and 144,000 miles. For the Tahoes, the positive payback was between 66,000 and 69,000 miles.

  11. Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation - Third Quarterly Report, April--June 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laurence R. Zirker; James E. Francfort

    2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Third Quarterly report details the ongoing fleet evaluation of an oil bypass filter technology by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Eight full-size, four-cycle diesel-engine buses used to transport INEEL employees on various routes have been equipped with oil bypass filter systems from the PuraDYN Corporation. The reported engine lubricating oil-filtering capability (down to 0.1 microns) and additive package of the bypass filter system is intended to extend oil-drain intervals. To validate the extended oil-drain intervals, an oil-analysis regime monitors the presence of necessary additives in the oil, detects undesirable contaminants and engine wear metals, and evaluates the fitness of the oil for continued service. The eight buses have accumulated 185,000 miles to date without any oil changes. The preliminary economic analysis suggests that the per bus payback point for the oil bypass filter technology should be between 108,000 miles when 74 gallons of oil use is avoided and 168,000 miles when 118 gallons of oil use is avoided. As discussed in the report, the variation in the payback point is dependant on the assumed cost of oil. In anticipation of also evaluating oil bypass systems on six Chevrolet Tahoe sport utility vehicles, the oil is being sampled on the six Tahoes to develop an oil characterization history for each engine.

  12. Global Assessment of Hydrogen Technologies - Task 2 Report Comparison of Performance and Emissions from Near-Term Hydrogen Fueled Light Duty Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fouad, Fouad H.; Peters, Robert W.; Sisiopiku, Virginia P.; Sullivan Andrew J.; Ng, Henry K.; Waller, Thomas

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An investigation was conducted on the emissions and efficiency from hydrogen blended compressed natural gas (CNG) in light duty vehicles. The different blends used in this investigation were 0%, 15%, 30%, 50%, 80%, 95%, and ~100% hydrogen, the remainder being compressed natural gas. The blends were tested using a Ford F-150 and a Chevrolet Silverado truck supplied by Arizona Public Services. Tests on emissions were performed using four different driving condition tests. Previous investigation by Don Karner and James Frankfort on a similar Ford F-150 using a 30% hydrogen blend showed that there was substantial reduction when compared to gasoline in carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxide (NOx), and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions while the reduction in hydrocarbon (HC) emissions was minimal. This investigation was performed using different blends of CNG and hydrogen to evaluate the emissions reducing capabilities associated with the use of the different fuel blends. The results were then tested statistically to confirm or reject the hypotheses on the emission reduction capabilities. Statistically analysis was performed on the test results to determine whether hydrogen concentration in the HCNG had any effect on the emissions and the fuel efficiency. It was found that emissions from hydrogen blended compressed natural gas were a function of driving condition employed. Emissions were found to be dependent on the concentration of hydrogen in the compressed natural gas fuel blend.

  13. Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fleet and Baseline Performance Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Francfort; D. Karner

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts baseline performance and fleet testing of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). To date, the AVTA has completed baseline performance testing on seven HEV models and accumulated 1.4 million fleet testing miles on 26 HEVs. The HEV models tested or in testing include: Toyota Gen I and Gen II Prius, and Highlander; Honda Insight, Civic and Accord; Chevrolet Silverado; Ford Escape; and Lexus RX 400h. The baseline performance testing includes dynamometer and closed track testing to document the HEV’s fuel economy (SAE J1634) and performance in a controlled environment. During fleet testing, two of each HEV model are driven to 160,000 miles per vehicle within 36 months, during which maintenance and repair events, and fuel use is recorded and used to compile life-cycle costs. At the conclusion of the 160,000 miles of fleet testing, the SAE J1634 tests are rerun and each HEV battery pack is tested. These AVTA testing activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory, Electric Transportation Applications, and Exponent Failure Analysis Associates. This paper discusses the testing methods and results.

  14. The Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge `92: Exhaust emissions testing and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rimkus, W.A.; Larsen, R.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Zammit, M.G. [Johnson Matthey, Wayne, PA (United States); Davies, J.G.; Salmon, G.S. [General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada); Bruetsch, R.I. [US Environmental Protection Agency (United States)

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge `92, was organized by Argonne National Laboratory. The main sponsors were the US Department of Energy the Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada, and the Society of Automotive Engineers. It resulted in 20 varied approaches to the conversion of a gasoline-fueled, spark-ignited, internal combustion engine to dedicated natural gas use. Starting with a GMC Sierra 2500 pickup truck donated by General Motors, teams of college and university student engineers worked to optimize Chevrolet V-8 engines operating on natural gas for improved emissions, fuel economy, performance, and advanced design features. This paper focuses on the results of the emission event, and compares engine mechanical configurations, engine management systems, catalyst configurations and locations, and approaches to fuel control and the relationship of these parameters to engine. out and tailpipe emissions of regulated exhaust constituents. Nine of the student modified trucks passed the current levels of exhaust emission standards, and some exceeded the strictest future emissions standards envisioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Factors contributing to good emissions control using natural gas are summarized, and observations concerning necessary components of a successful emissions control strategy are presented.

  15. Near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Phase I. Appendices C and D. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The derivation of and actual preliminary design of the Near Term Hybrid Vehicle (NTHV) are presented. The NTHV uses a modified GM Citation body, a VW Rabbit turbocharged diesel engine, a 24KW compound dc electric motor, a modified GM automatic transmission, and an on-board computer for transmission control. The following NTHV information is presented: the results of the trade-off studies are summarized; the overall vehicle design; the selection of the design concept and the base vehicle (the Chevrolet Citation), the battery pack configuration, structural modifications, occupant protection, vehicle dynamics, and aerodynamics; the powertrain design, including the transmission, coupling devices, engine, motor, accessory drive, and powertrain integration; the motor controller; the battery type, duty cycle, charger, and thermal requirements; the control system (electronics); the identification of requirements, software algorithm requirements, processor selection and system design, sensor and actuator characteristics, displays, diagnostics, and other topics; environmental system including heating, air conditioning, and compressor drive; the specifications, weight breakdown, and energy consumption measures; advanced technology components, and the data sources and assumptions used. (LCL)

  16. Penumbra evaluation of the varian millennium and BrainLAB M3 multileaf collimators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, Brenda G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada)]. E-mail: brenda.clark@bccancer.bc.ca; Teke, Tony [Department of Radiation Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Otto, Karl [Department of Radiation Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: This study compares the width of the penumbra obtained from two small-leaf multileaf collimators (MLCs) recommended for use in small field shaping for such techniques as stereotactic radiosurgery. Methods and Materials: High-resolution film dosimetry measurements were taken to characterize two MLCs with 3-mm and 5-mm leaf width at isocenter. The differences observed between leaf tip and leaf edge penumbra measured between 80% and 20% of maximum were explained using a simple model calculating transmission through the leaf tip geometry. Results: Substantial differences were found between the 80% to 20% penumbra for the two MLCs. The 3-mm MLC designed for a maximum field size of 9.8 cm x 9.8 cm showed 80% to 20% penumbra values of 2.4 {+-} 0.1 mm in both the directions perpendicular and parallel to the leaf motion. The 5-mm MLC designed for field sizes up to 40 cm x 40 cm showed comparable 80% to 20% penumbra in the direction perpendicular to leaf motion and 3.2 {+-} 0.1 mm in the direction parallel to leaf motion. The transmission modeling illustrated that this difference is largely due to the curvature of the leaf tip. It was found that to accommodate larger field sizes the leaf tip must have greater curvature, resulting in a larger penumbra. Conclusions: The results of this study show a difference in the leaf penumbra parallel to the direction of leaf motion between two MLCs designed for precision radiation therapy. This difference may be attributed to the leaf tip design and is determined by the maximum field size of the MLC. This difference is currently not modeled by all treatment planning systems and should be taken into account as part of any procurement assessment of a system for precision radiation therapy in the same way that the width of the leaf at isocenter would be considered.

  17. Technology and Cost of the MY 2007 toyota Camry HEV -- A Subcontract Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marlino, Laura D [ORNL

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.

  18. Technology and Cost of the Model Year (MY) 2007 Toyota Camry HEV Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.

  19. Usage of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Along the Corridors between the EV Project Major Cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mindy Kirkpatrick

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report explains how the EVSE are being used along the corridors between the EV Project cities. The EV Project consists of a nationwide collaboration between Idaho National Laboratory (INL), ECOtality North America, Nissan, General Motors, and more than 40 other city, regional and state governments, and electric utilities. The purpose of the EV Project is to demonstrate the deployment and use of approximately 14,000 Level II (208-240V) electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and 300 fast chargers in 16 major cities. This research investigates the usage of all currently installed EV Project commercial EVSE along major interstate corridors. ESRI ArcMap software products are utilized to create geographic EVSE data layers for analysis and visualization of commercial EVSE usage. This research locates the crucial interstate corridors lacking sufficient commercial EVSE and targets locations for future commercial EVSE placement. The results and methods introduced in this research will be used by INL for the duration of the EV Project.

  20. Recovery Act – Transportation Electrification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gogineni, Kumar

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ChargePoint America demonstrated the viability, economic and environmental benefits of an electric vehicle-charging infrastructure. Electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in electric vehicles (PHEVs) arrived in late 2010, there was a substantial lack of infrastructure to support these vehicles. ChargePoint America deployed charging infrastructure in ten (10) metropolitan regions in coordination with vehicle deliveries targeting those same regions by our OEM partners: General Motors, Nissan, Fisker Automotive, Ford, smart USA, and BMW. The metropolitan regions include Central Texas (Austin/San Antonio), Bellevue/Redmond (WA), Southern Michigan, Los Angeles area (CA), New York Metro (NY), Central Florida (Orlando/Tampa), Sacramento (CA), San Francisco/San Jose (CA), Washington DC and Boston (MA). ChargePoint America installed more than 4,600 Level 2 (220v) SAE J1772™ UL listed networked charging ports in home, public and commercial locations to support approximately 2000 program vehicles. ChargePoint collected data to analyze how individuals, businesses and local governments used their vehicles. Understanding driver charging behavior patterns will provide the DoE with critical information as EV adoption increases in the United States.

  1. Evaluation of naturally occurring parasitic Hymenoptera attacking silverleaf whitefly, Bemisia argentifolii in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moomaw, Charles Philip

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be considered, should such be necessary. Texas parasitoid complex Faunistic surveys (C. Moomaw, M. Rose and J, B. Woolley, TAMU, College Station TX. , 1991-1994) suggest that five species of parasitic Hymenoptera attack the whitefly on cultivated crops...; Yokomi et al. 1990a). Geminivirus of tomato and cabbage appeared in 1989 (Brown A Costa 1992). The SWF is also a vector of cotton leaf crumple, cotton leaf curl, infectious yellows and squash leaf curl affecting a wide range of cultivated vegetable...

  2. Age analysis and dispersion patterns of the biotype-C greenbug on sorghum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summy, Kenneth Rodney

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this period never consisted of more than 2. 1+ alatae. This apparent discrepency was attributed to slate emi- I gration. Greenbug leaf population levels and incidence of leaf infestation I were highest in middle and lower leaf strata prior... in nonmummified slate and apterous greenbug adults and late instar progeny 22 Distribution of' parasite larvae in nonmummified slate greenbug adults and late instar progeny and recovery of slate Lvsinhlebus testaceines and Anhelinus nisritis 22 Summary...

  3. Exploration of Ion-Exchanged Glass for Seals Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghanbari, Roushan

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    ........................................................................................................ 34 Figure 15. Semitransparent overlay of two images created using the MATLAB ........... 35 Figure 16. Binary, composite image of samples 5 and 7 ............................................... 37 Figure 17. Histogram of „3 leaf? composite images... with normal fit overlay .................. 41 Figure 18. Probability plot of „3 leaf? composite images with normal fit ...................... 42 Figure 19. Histogram of „4 leaf? composite images with normal fit overlay .................. 43 x Page Figure...

  4. Plant responses of drip irrigated trees to climate and water stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Punthakey, Jehangir Framroze

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    under four drip irrigation regimes at Stephenville, Texas. Treatments selected were instrumented with 1-, 2-, 3- and 4-emitters per tree, and single trees from each treatment were instrumented with ground covers. Plant responses were measured hourly... Comparisons of Mean Hourly Leaf Water Potential for Diurnal Differences . . . . . . . . . 93 Comparisons of Mean Hourly Leaf Water Potential for Treatment Differences . . . . . . . . 97 Analysis of Leaf Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Comparisons of Mean...

  5. Response of peanuts to irrigation management at different crop growth stages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahmen, Pieter George

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FOR TREATMENT 5. . . 11. CUMULATIVE ET OVER TIME FOR TREATMENT 6. . 12. CUMULATIVE ET OVER TIME FOR TPEATMENT 7. . 13 CUMULATIVE ET OVER TIME FOR TREATMENT 8 14. LEAF AREA INDEX OVER TIME FOR TREATMENTS 1-4 15. LEAF AREA INDEX OVER TIME FOR TREATMENTS 5... Seasonal Evapotranspiration Hater Use Efficiency Relative Yield Versus Relative Evapotranspiration Cumulative ET Versus Time Evapotranspiration During Each Crop Growth Stage Leaf Area Index Dry Matter Accumulation SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS...

  6. Alkalinity tolerance of peach rootstocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Yan

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1992 ABSTRACT Alkalinity Tolerance of Peach Rootstocks. (May 1992) Yan Shi, B. S. , Fujian Agricultural College Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. David H. Byrne Peaches suffer from Fe chlorosis when grown in alkaline soils. A range of alkalinity... could be assessed by leaf visual-chlorosis rating and Sped-502 reading instead of extractable leaf-chlorophyll concentration or leaf Fe concentration. Some modifications were suggested for the future evaluation. Bicarbonate was a major factor which...

  7. A Garlic Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Orin

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the environment both in storage and in the ground. Any soft,to rot in the ground or early in storage. Each green leaf on

  8. apple aphid dysaphis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    such as Soybean mosaic virus and Alfalfa mosaic virus. The soybean aphid has a complex life cycle that involves Jurenka, Russell A. 113 Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and...

  9. alder alnus glutinosa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of leaf acclimation for whole plant growth. functional-structural growth Boyer, Edmond 15 Multivariate analysis of allozymic and quantitative trait variation in Alnus rubra...

  10. Morphological and physiological indicators of water stress in Rosa multiflora and its effect on T-bud grafting procedure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palacios Gilliland, Miguel Angel

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and loaded into the psychrometer within 10 seconds when measuring leaf water potential. For measurements of leaf water potential using the pressure chamber, the xylem sap that recedes away from the cut surface into the cells when the leaf or ZO twig... in a plastic bag before excising and should be placed immediately in the chamber to avoid errors in measurements. When a leaf is placed in a pressure chamber and increasing gas pressure is applied on the blade inside the chamber cell sap water...

  11. Wide Hybridization, Genomic, and Overwintering Characterization of High-Biomass Sorghum Spp. Feedstocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitmire, David Kyle

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    ). The leaf 19 tissue used for DNA extraction was harvested from the youngest exposed leaf and was kept on ice until being stored in a -80°C freezer. At the time of extraction, the leaf material was removed from the -80°C freezer and 50-100 mg of leaf... chromosome regions and genes associated with disease resistance. Regions and/or genes relating to freezing tolerance in Medicago sativa L., alfalfa, and apomixis in Pennisetum cilare (L.) Link, bufflegrass, have been successfully identified using...

  12. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    are limited. less December 2015 The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana Weraduwage, Sarathi M. ; Chen, Jin ; Anozie,...

  13. Foliar water uptake: a common water acquisition strategy for plants of the redwood forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limm, Emily Burns; Simonin, Kevin A.; Bothman, Aron G.; Dawson, Todd E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at -20°C until leaf water extraction and stable hydrogenEhleringer JR (2006) Water extraction times for plant andthe extraction line, we extracted one known standard water

  14. Leucoagaricus gongylophorus Produces Diverse Enzymes for the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plant Polymers in Leaf-Cutter Ant Abstract: Plants represent a large reservoir of organic carbon comprised largely of recalcitrant polymers that most metazoans are unable...

  15. area northern territory: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LOGAN, C.A. 1987. Fluctuations in fall and winter territory Lougheed, Stephen 52 Evaluation of Land Surface Models in Reproducing Satellite Derived Leaf Area Index over the...

  16. area northern sweden: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Examiner Ericsson Research Royal Institute of Technology Maguire Jr., Gerald Q. 53 Evaluation of Land Surface Models in Reproducing Satellite Derived Leaf Area Index over the...

  17. Plant-Water Relations in Seasonally Dry Tropical Montane Cloud Forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldsmith, Gregory Rubin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    treatment. Figure 3. Leaf water potential measured over timeecosystems, including soil water use generally between 20 cmboth deep roots and deep water use by plants have also been

  18. Solid Waste Regulation No. 8- Solid Waste Composting Facilities (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Facilities which compost putrescible waste and/or leaf and yard waste are subject to these regulations. The regulations establish permitting, registration, and operational requirements for...

  19. Analysis of the raw data of sample plots in NFIMAP Cycle IV ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Available Website: www.leafasia.orglibraryusaid-leaf-analysis-raw-date-sample-plots-nfi Cost: Free Language: English Logo: Analysis of the raw data of sample plots in NFIMAP...

  20. Page 1 of 5 APPROVED AND CORRECTED MINUTES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    Cordell, Gregg Dieckmann, Lev Gelb, Kamran Kiasaleh, Murray Leaf, R. Natarajan, Stanimir Markov, Neeraj Salter, Richard Scotch, Lakshman Tamil, Lucien Thompson VISITORS: Andrew Blanchard, Austin Cunningham

  1. austrocedrus chilensis cupressaceae: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Patagonian conifer Austrocedrus chilensis (D. Don) Pic resistance, vulnerability to cavitation and leaf water relations, and (2) to compare these characteristics to survive...

  2. Red rice (Oryza sativa L.) control in herbicide tolerant rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steele, Gregory Lee

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .29, 0.45, or 0.60 kg/ha provided similar levels of red rice control, whether applied at the 1 to 2-leaf stage, or the 4-leaf, 2-tiller stage. However, the following year early postemergence applications were more efficacious than single late...

  3. Comparative study of nitrogen assimilation in woodland J. Pearson, E.C.M. Clough J.L. Kershaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to acid rain a particular tree spe- cies might be. A low capacity for leaf nitro- gen assimilation may, Such pools might repre- sent an important buffering capacity in relation to acid rain inputs (Raven, 1988). #12;Certainly, of the broad leaf trees, it seems that recent reports for acid rain damage are becoming

  4. HortTips NewsletterVol. 2, No. 3 Welcome to our new newsletter for current issues in the landscape and garden. This newsletter is aimed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    from larval feeding Adult locust leafminer and feeding damage Chrysanthemum lace bugs on goldenrod. Who knew lace bugs got on perennials Upper leaf surface showing feeding damage Lower leaf surface with lace it to report emerald ash borer (and many more invasives). It can be downloaded at: http

  5. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 91, pp. 12278-12282, December 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Don R.

    T~e~artmentof Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 of additional insect herbivory. More- over, the group represented in this study, the leaf-mining Lepidoptera of leaf-mining taxa, posit originations of host- specific insect herbivory during the Late Cenozoic (3

  6. Exploration of Ion-Exchanged Glass for Seals Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghanbari, Roushan

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    to the same point load, the fracture patterns produced can be compared and used as a verification measure. This technology has the potential to be used in passive seal applications. Each image was categorized depending on its fracture as a "3 leaf" or "4 leaf...

  7. BEHAVIOR, CHEMICAL ECOLOGY Role of Bacteria in Mediating the Oviposition Responses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    these substrates and from an organic infusion made with oak leaves. Through fatty acid-methyl ester analyses, six isolates from oak leaf infusion were identiÃ?ed to species. The response of gravid (from soil-contaminated cotton towels), and an undetermined Bacillus species (from oak leaf infusion

  8. Influence of biofuel crops on mosquito production and oviposition site selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Brian

    were reared at varying conspecific and heterospecific densities in senescent leaf infusions prepared. The effects of the three leaf infusions on water chemistry and oviposition site selection by the two mosquito in corn infusion while Ae. aegypti females deposited significantly fewer eggs in Miscanthus than in both

  9. PII S0016-7037(99)00195-7 A mechanistic model for interpretation of hydrogen and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehleringer, Jim

    with leaf water enrichment; (2) incorporation of leaf water isotope ratio values into photosyntheticPII S0016-7037(99)00195-7 A mechanistic model for interpretation of hydrogen and oxygen isotope Isotope Ratio Facility for Environmental Research, Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake

  10. Gray Snow Mold Pink Snow Mold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    affected plants reveals decaying leaf blades with purple/brown lesions (Figure 2). These diseases can growing on leaf surfaces. Instead, the disease is spread by wind-blown and rain-splashed spores. Both, disability or status as a veteran. Purdue University is an Affirmative Action institution. This material may

  11. 240 www.newphytologist.org Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maherali, Hafiz

    for leaf blade hydraulic conductivity (KW), photosynthetic rate (A), stomatal conductance (gs), and time supported by empirical observations showing that xylem hydraulic conductivity is positively correlated and leaf gas exchange (Sperry, 2004). However, micro- evolutionary studies are required to test predictions

  12. Higher level phylogenetic relationships within the bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) based on five plastid markers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelchner, Scot A.

    is often poorly supported, and in more than one study herbaceous bamboos form a clade within the woody bam with respect to Olyreae but SH tests cannot reject monophyly of woody species (Arundinarieae + Bambuseae leaf epidermis, and a broad leaf blade with a basal constriction called a pseudopetiole (GPWG, 2001

  13. Impact of folivory on photosynthesis is greater than the sum of its holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    Impact of folivory on photosynthesis is greater than the sum of its holes A. R. Zangerl*, J. G), pp. 135­151.]. An impediment to understanding the effects of leaf damage on photosynthesis has been chlorophyll fluo- rescence and used it to map the effects of caterpillar feeding on whole-leaf photosynthesis

  14. Original article Photosynthesis and shoot water status of seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Photosynthesis and shoot water status of seedlings from different oak species — Stress effects induced on shoot photosynthesis and leaf water status by root hypoxia due. Predawn leaf water potential remained high in all cases, in- dicating that reductions in photosynthesis

  15. Antaphid interactions on Asclepias syriaca are mediated by plant genotype and caterpillar damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mooney, Kailen A.

    1 Ant­aphid interactions on Asclepias syriaca are mediated by plant genotype and caterpillar damage in induced responses to herbivory. Here we test whether induced responses to leaf damage and genotypic-way factorial field experiment manipulating plant genotype, leaf damage by specialist monarch caterpillars

  16. Interacting elevated CO2 and tropospheric O3 predisposes aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) to infection by rust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noormets, Asko

    Interacting elevated CO2 and tropospheric O3 predisposes aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx on the occurrence and severity of aspen leaf rust (Melampsora medusae Thuem. f. sp. tremuloidae) on trembling aspen with either O3 alone or CO2 O3 depending on aspen clone. Examination of leaf surface properties (wax ap

  17. Agricultural and Forest Entomology (2010), 12, 267276 DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-9563.2010.00475.x Effects of genotype, elevated CO2 and elevated O3 on aspen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effects of genotype, elevated CO2 and elevated O3 on aspen phytochemistry and aspen leaf beetle Chrysomela of Wisconsin-Madison, 839 Russell Labs, 1630 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, U.S.A. Abstract 1 Trembling aspen influence phytochemistry and thereby alter the performance of insect herbivores such as the aspen leaf

  18. Summary We investigated hydraulic conductance charac-teristics and associated dry matter production and distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeJong, Theodore

    Summary We investigated hydraulic conductance charac- teristics and associated dry matter') vigor rootstock. `K146-43' and `Hiawatha' rootstocks had 27 and 52% lower mean leaf-specific hydraulic and rootstock, which may be a compensatory response to the differences in leaf specific hydraulic conduc- tance

  19. Hydraulic Properties of Rice and the Response of Gas Exchange to Water Stress1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiller, Volker

    Hydraulic Properties of Rice and the Response of Gas Exchange to Water Stress1 Volker Stiller*, H.R.L.) We investigated the role of xylem cavitation, plant hydraulic conductance, and root pressure-specific photosynthetic rate, leaf diffusive conductance, and soil-leaf hydraulic conductance that were associated

  20. Final Scientific/Technical Report Grant title: Use of ARM Measurements of Spectral Zenith Radiance for Better Understanding of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes and Aerosol-Cloud Interaction This is a collaborative project with the NASA GSFC project of Dr. A. Marshak and W. Wiscombe (PIs). This report covers BU activities from February 2011 to June 2011 and BU "Â?no-cost extension" activities from June 2011 to June 2012. This report summarizes results that complement a final technical report submitted by the PIs in 2011.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knyazikhin, Y

    2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Main results are summarized for work in these areas: spectrally-invariant approximation within atmospheric radiative transfer; spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths; seasonal changes in leaf area of Amazon forests from leaf flushing and abscission; and Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements.