National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for niger pvc m1

  1. Electrospinning of PVC with natural rubber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Othman, Muhammad Hariz; Abdullah, Ibrahim; Mohamed, Mahathir

    2013-11-27

    Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was mixed with natural rubbers which are liquid natural rubber (LNR), liquid epoxidised natural rubber (LENR) and liquid epoxidised natural rubber acrylate (LENRA) for a preparation of a fine non-woven fiber’s mat. PVC and each natural rubbers(PVC:LENR, PVC:LNR and PVC:LENRA) were mixed based on ratio of 70:30. Electrospinning method was used to prepare the fiber. The results show that the spinnable concentration of PVC/ natural rubber/THF solution is 16 wt%. The morphology, diameter, structure and degradation temperature of electrospun fibers were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). SEM photos showed that the morphology and diameter of the fibers were mainly affected by the addition of natural rubber. TGA results suggested that PVC electrospun fiber has higher degradation temperature than those electrospun fibers that contain natural rubber.

  2. Technical Note Puncture protection of PVC geomembranes______________________________________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PVC geomembranes and used to estimate the required mass per unit area of cushion geotextile required) to develop a design procedure for determining the mass per unit area of a cushion geotextile for 0.75 mm

  3. Superhydrophobic Materials Technology-PVC Bonding Techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunter, Scott R.; Efird, Marty

    2013-05-03

    The purpose of the technology maturation project was to develop an enhanced application technique for applying diatomaceous earth with pinned polysiloxane oil to PVC pipes and materials. The oil infiltration technique is applied as a spray of diluted oil in a solvent onto the superhydrophobic diatomaceous earth substrate. This makes the surface take on the following characteristics: • wet?cleanable • anti?biofouling • waterproof • anti?corrosion. The project involved obtaining input and supplies from VeloxFlow and the development of successful techniques that would quickly result in a commercial license agreement with VeloxFlow and other companies that use PVC materials in a variety of other fields of use.

  4. 1 INTRODUCTION In Spain, Plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    to rapid deterioration. Towards the end of that dec- ade, the former Spanish official standardization body ozone resistance tests on PVC-P geomembranes. In the Spanish Peninsula, the use of PVC-P geomembranes

  5. PLASTICIZER RETENTION IN PVC GEOMEMBRANES T. D. Stark1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 PLASTICIZER RETENTION IN PVC GEOMEMBRANES T. D. Stark1 , H. Choi2 , and P. W. Diebel3 1, Ontario, Canada, N1R 5T6; PH (519)623-1630; email: PDiebel@cgtower.com ABSTRACT: Plasticizers are used to make PVC flexible so it can be used as a geomembrane for containment purposes. Plasticizers can migrate

  6. Heavy metals emission from controlled combustion of PVC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Ayyoubi, Mohammed A.

    1989-01-01

    such as direct heating and uv radiation exposure e (IZ). The PVC polymer chain contains weak sites that represent the initiating sites of chemical deter ioration. These sites are formed during polymerization of the vinyl chloride monomer. Thus attempts...HEAVY METALS EMISSION FROM CONTROLLED COMBUSTION OF PVC A Thesis by MOHAMMED A. EL-AYYOUBI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas Ag M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degas ee of' MASTER OF SCIENCE...

  7. M1 Year -Regular Curriculum ^

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Simon

    M1 Year - Regular Curriculum ^ Satisfactorily complete all requirements Pass at least 67% of weighted curriculum Take make-up exam(s) or approved summer course Satisfactorily complete all requirements ¹ Fail any requirement ² If No Previous Repeat Year Pass 40% to 66% of weighted curriculum * Students who

  8. Influence of plasticizer molecular weight on plasticizer retention in PVC geomembranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROOFS Influence of plasticizer molecular weight on plasticizer retention in PVC geomembranes T. D, accepted 31 October 2004 ABSTRACT: Plasticizers are used to make PVC flexible so it can be used as a geomembrane. Plasticizers can migrate from PVC geomembranes over time because of contact with air, liquid, and

  9. An Investigation Into the Potential for PVC Reduction in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the people surrounding it at various stages of its life cycle. One possible alternative is another plastic into the liquid it is transporting, and the release of chlorine toxins into the atmosphere during recycling Consumption Rates 9 Table 4. Alternatives to PVC 10 iii #12;Glossary Plasticizer: Solvent added to a synthetic

  10. Niger: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire: Energy Resources JumpNgawhablog/2671Niger: Energy

  11. Niger: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire: Energy Resources JumpNgawhablog/2671Niger:

  12. Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Robertkiri field, onshore Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magbagbeola, Olusola Akintayo

    2007-04-25

    -1 SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY OF NIGER DELTA, ROBERTKIRI FIELD, ONSHORE NIGERIA A Thesis by OLUSOLA AKINTAYO MAGBAGBEOLA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2005 Major Subject: Geology SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY OF NIGER DELTA, ROBERTKIRI FIELD, ONSHORE NIGERIA A Thesis by OLUSOLA AKINTAYO MAGBAGBEOLA Submitted to the Office of Graduate...

  13. Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Delta field, offshore Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owoyemi, Ajibola Olaoluwa

    2005-11-01

    -1 THE SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY OF NIGER DELTA, DELTA FIELD, OFFSHORE NIGERIA A Thesis by AJIBOLA OLAOLUWA DAVID OWOYEMI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2004 Major Subject: Geology SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY OF NIGER DELTA, DELTA FIELD, OFFSHORE NIGERIA A Thesis by AJIBOLA OLAOLUWA DAVID OWOYEMI Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  14. Copyright (to be inserted by Humphrey) Thermal and Dynamic-mechanical Properties of Wood-PVC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Citation & Copyright (to be inserted by Humphrey) Thermal and Dynamic-mechanical Properties of Wood properties, maleation, thermal analysis, wood veneer, wood-PVC composites ABSTRACT The influence of maleation on thermal and dynamic-mechanical properties of wood-PVC composites was investigated in this study

  15. Geosynthetics International, 2003, 10, No. 2 Air channel testing of thermally bonded PVC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and recommend that destructive testing of PVC geomembranes be reduced and possibly discontinued length used in destructive tests. KEYWORDS: Geosynthetics, Peel strength, PVC geomembrane, Quality to long curing times. This can delay peel and shear testing of seams up to 24 h and also delay non

  16. The potential for environmental management to contribute to malaria vector control in western Niger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gianotti, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Louise)

    2008-01-01

    This thesis investigated the potential for environmental management techniques to contribute to malaria vector control in Niger, with a case study on Banizoumbou village in western Niger. Numerical modeling was used to ...

  17. Surficial sediments of the continental rise and slope, Niger Delta, West Africa: properties and geology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobilka, David William

    1999-01-01

    The submarine portions of the Niger Delta, West Africa are undergoing active gravity tectonic deformation due to thick deposits of ductile shale overlain by paralic sands. Because the region is rich in hydrocarbon reserves, the subdermal Niger Delta...

  18. Lasius niger ants discriminate aphids based on their cuticular hydrocarbons Corsin Langa,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Lasius niger ants discriminate aphids based on their cuticular hydrocarbons Corsin Langa,1 chemical communication cuticular hydrocarbon interspecific communication Lasius niger mutualism species covered with aphid cuticular hydrocarbons. Neutral control objects were antennated, but the ants quickly

  19. Gruppindelning fr alla M1-studenter VT2015 Gller i samtliga M1-kurser och erstter hstens gruppindelning.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .11 Knutar, Felix M1.17 Hogman, Oskar M1.04 Tagaeus, Vilhelm M1.11 Lundström, Alexander M1.17 Huber, Daniel M.12 Nilsson, Amanda M1.18 Lönnbratt, Rebecka M1.05 Barsne, Hugo M1.12 Nordgren, Pascal M1.18 Molin, Hanna M1

  20. Production of extremophilic bacterial cellulase enzymes in aspergillus niger.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gladden, John Michael

    2013-09-01

    Enzymes can be used to catalyze a myriad of chemical reactions and are a cornerstone in the biotechnology industry. Enzymes have a wide range of uses, ranging from medicine with the production of pharmaceuticals to energy were they are applied to biofuel production. However, it is difficult to produce large quantities of enzymes, especially if they are non-native to the production host. Fortunately, filamentous fungi, such as Aspergillus niger, are broadly used in industry and show great potential for use a heterologous enzyme production hosts. Here, we present work outlining an effort to engineer A. niger to produce thermophilic bacterial cellulases relevant to lignocellulosic biofuel production.

  1. Investigation of PVC Pipe Failure at Terrell State Hospital – Final Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, G.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.

    2000-01-01

    At the request of Terrell State Hospital and MHMR, the Energy Systems Laboratory at Texas A&M University investigated the failure of the PVC pipes serving the chilled water loop at Terrell State Hospital. There were two ...

  2. Tertiary recycling of PVC-containing plastic waste by copyrolysis with cattle manure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duangchan, Apinya [Department of Chemical Engineering, Kasetsart University, 50 Paholyotin Road, Ladyao Jatujak, Bangkok 10900 (Thailand)], E-mail: fengapd@ku.ac.th; Samart, Chanatip [Department of Chemical Engineering, Kasetsart University, 50 Paholyotin Road, Ladyao Jatujak, Bangkok 10900 (Thailand)

    2008-11-15

    The corrosion from pyrolysis of PVC in plastic waste was reduced by copyrolysis of PVC with cattle manure. The optimization of pyrolysis conditions between PVC and cattle manure was studied via a statistical method, the Box-Behnken model. The pyrolysis reaction was operated in a tubular reactor. Heating rate, reaction temperature and the PVC:cattle manure ratio were optimized in the range of 1-5 deg. C/min, 250-450 deg. C and the ratio of 1:1-1:5, respectively. The suitable conditions which provided the highest HCl reduction efficiency were the lowest heating rate of 1 deg. C/min, the highest reaction temperature of 450 deg. C, and the PVC:cattle manure ratio of 1:5, with reliability of more than 90%. The copyrolysis of the mixture of PVC-containing plastic and cattle manure was operated at optimized conditions and the synergistic effect was studied on product yields. The presence of manure decreased the oil yield by about 17%. The distillation fractions of oil at various boiling points from both the presence and absence of manure were comparable. The BTX concentration decreased rapidly when manure was present and the chlorinated hydrocarbon was reduced by 45%. However, the octane number of the gasoline fraction was not affected by manure and was in the range of 99-100.

  3. Artifacts as Social Conflict Resolution Mechanism in Traditional Urhobo Society of Nigeria's Niger Delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diakparomre, Abel Mac

    2009-01-01

    State University in Abraka, Nigeria. He has a Master of FineNiger Delta region of Nigeria. Bibliography Aweto, Albertand Socialization Processes in Nigeria. ” Ethiope Research:

  4. M1 Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona:Oregon:Lowell Point,Massachusetts:Kansas:M1 Energy Jump to:

  5. The Classification of M1-78

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. T. Gussie

    1994-09-15

    The published properties of M1-78 are discussed with the purpose to resolve the object's classification as either a planetary nebula or an ultracompact HII region. A classification as a planetary nebula is rejected primarily because of the high luminosity of the object, but because of the chemical composition and expansion velocity of the nebula, a novel classification is proposed instead: that of an ultracompact HII region with a post-main sequence central star (possibly a WN star). It must therefore follow that observable ultracompact HII regions persist beyond the main sequence lifetimes of at least some massive stars, and so cannot be transient phenomena that are seen only during pre-main sequence or early main sequence evolution.

  6. Niger Delta basin oil and gas prospects evaluated

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-09-28

    This paper reports that an ambitious project to map African oil and gas prospects has produced its first findings in a report on the Niger Delta basin. In Nigeria, 73% of discoveries are smaller than 50 million bbl, with a 42% success rate for wildcats. There are 'out of round prospects off Nigeria, too, with a number of companies currently in discussions. Petroconsultants the there are further opportunities for exploration in the Northern Onshore Fringe Belt, which has an estimated potential of 500 million bbl of reserves. Three OPLs are open.

  7. Click grafting of seaweed bioactive polysaccharides onto PVC surfaces using ionic liquid as green solvent and catalyst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Click grafting of seaweed bioactive polysaccharides onto PVC surfaces using ionic liquid as green solvent and catalyst Sandra Bigota , Guy Louarnb , Nasreddine Kébir*a and Fabrice Burela a Normandie

  8. Part I--Mechanics J02M.1--Flapping Toy J02M.1--Flapping Toy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    /B of the electric and magnetic fields, and the impedance Z = V (z, t)/I(z, t) of the transmission line where I(z, t, (ii) m = 0, and (iii) m/M 1? #12;Part II--E & M J02E.1--Coaxial Transmission Line J02E.1--Coaxial Transmission Line Problem An infinitely long coaxial transmission line made from perfect conductors lies along

  9. Niger, with new oil legislation, offers little drilled acreage for exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruneton, A. (Beicip, Rueil-Malmaison (FR))

    1991-09-16

    This paper reports on the Ministry of Mines and Energy of Niger has released acreage in East Niger to the international oil industry. Four blocks will be opened in a first step with no fixed time schedule for offers. The blocks are largely underexplored and are near significant oil indications. Niger, between Algeria and Nigeria, represents a transitional link between North Africa and Central Africa. The Republic of Niger, with the exception of its capital Niamey, is sparsely populated with 7 million people on a 1.3 million sq mile territory. Easy communications exist with neighboring Nigeria, Mali, and Chad. The arid climate allows for year round working conditions and easy access to opened areas.

  10. Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 versus enzyme-producing CBS 513.88

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriev, Igor V.

    2011-01-01

    expression  profiles.   Mol.   Genet.   Genomics  279: Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus2006.  Aspergillus niger genomics: past, present and into 

  11. A geospatial analysis of market integration: the case of the 2004/5 food crisis in Niger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Michael

    2010-01-01

    2008; Eilerts 2007; Sanchez-Montero 2007). What is apparentAm J Agric Econ Sanchez-Montero M (2007) The 2005 Niger food

  12. Effect of application of molybdenum in maize-niger cropping System grown on acid soils of high altitude zone of Andhra Pradesh in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhupal, G Raj; Patnaik, M C; Singh, M V; Khadke, K M; Jagannadham, G

    2009-01-01

    cauliflower to molybdenum,lime and their residue on an acidto maize and niger,75% lime Requirement + soil Applicationha -1 to maize and niger,75% lime requirement + foliar Spray

  13. Relationships among oils and water compositions in Niger delta

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dickey, P.A.; George, G.O.; Barker, C.

    1987-10-01

    In some fields of the Tertiary Niger delta of Nigeria, heavy, asphaltic oil is found in shallow reservoirs and light, waxy oil is found in deeper reservoirs in the same field. Both oils appears to have had the same source. The change with depth from heavy to light oil is usually abrupt and occurs at a reservoir temperature between 150/sup 0/ and 180/sup 0/F (66/sup 0/ and 82/sup 0/C). In other areas similar degradation of oil has been ascribed to bacteria brought into the oil reservoir by invading meteoric water. In Nigeria, meteoric water is low in dissolved solids and high in bicarbonate, whereas connate water is saltier and contains more chloride. Samples of both types of oil and associated water from six fields were analyzed and compared with previously acquired analyses from these fields. No clear relationship between meteoric water and degraded oil was found. Degraded oil may occur with either meteoric or connate water, and undegraded oil is sometimes found with meteoric water. This suggests extensive secondary migration of oil from one structure to another as well as deep penetration of meteoric water. 14 figures, 1 table.

  14. Control technology of vinyl chloride in EDC-VCM and PVC plants at main source points and fugitive emissions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parra, Dario Antonio

    1983-01-01

    of the great quantities of dilute gas in EDC-VCN and PVC plants, the combustion system cannot be self-supported and therefore additional fuel is necessary, resulting in a waste of combustibles and heat. 3. Due to the flame, flares need to be located away...CONTROL TECHNOLOGY OF VINYL CHLORIDE IN EDC-VCM AND PVC PLANTS AT MAIN SOURCE POINTS AND FUGITIVE EMISSIONS A Thesis by DARIO ANTONIO PARRA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A6M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  15. Community participation and environmental decision-making in the Niger Delta

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adomokai, Rosemary; Sheate, William R

    2004-07-01

    The participation of communities in the process of environmental decision-making in Nigeria and the Niger Delta region in particular is a relatively new process. There are many practical problems ranging from financial support, methods used and the willingness of identified stakeholders to participate. This paper seeks to highlight recent developments in community participation and environmental decision-making in the Niger Delta, using the EIA Decree of 1992 as a reference point. The EIA Decree of 1992 is the only legislation that refers to participation of the communities when environmental decisions are being made. The study reported here aimed to examine differences and similarities between the identified stakeholders interviewed in the research, in order to highlight areas of improvement that will encourage positive changes to the process and foster better relations between the stakeholders. The paper provides a brief background to community participation in the Niger Delta region and reports on the research approach adopted. Interviews with stakeholders in the EIA process were undertaken to provide a better understanding of public participation in practice under the EIA Decree. While participation was found to be now firmly on the agenda, there is still much to do to engender greater awareness of EIA and the potential benefits participation can hold.

  16. Part I -Mechanics M05M.1 -Vibration Damping With a Piston M05M.1 -Vibration Damping With a Piston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    Part I - Mechanics M05M.1 - Vibration Damping With a Piston M05M.1 - Vibration Damping With a Piston Problem Sometimes it is required to reduce the influence of vertical floor vibration larger than atmospheric pressure. The pistons are typically equipped with a mechanism to dampen

  17. Dynamic leakage of faults during differential depletion: Theory, models, and examples from the Niger delta

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watts, N.L.; Kaars Sijpestein, C.H.; Osai, L.N.; Okoli, O.C. (Shell Petroleum Development Co. of Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria))

    1991-08-01

    Previous studies of fault sealing have addressed possible fault leakage during secondary migration due to the effects of increased hydrocarbon-water capillary pressure, fracturing, or small-scale incremental fault movements. Of equal importance to production geologists is the failure and leakage of faults during field development due to differential depletion of adjacent fault blocks. This paper examines the unique problems associated with this dynamic leakage of faults. It is theoretically shown that the fault sealing mechanism, and the extent of the seal, directly influences the failure process which in turn results in a variety of favorable and unfavorable effects on field development. The qualitative models give considerable insight into such aspects as oil-column expansion and resaturation losses, interfault block aquifer support (with important implications to material balance calculations), possible leakage or spillage of oil across faults, and potential fault failure during (re)injection projects. Examples of dynamic fault leakage are presented from selected fields of the Niger delta.

  18. High resolution sequence stratigraphic and reservoir characterization studies of D-07, D-08 and E-01 sands, Block 2 Meren field, offshore Niger Delta 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esan, Adegbenga Oluwafemi

    2004-09-30

    was analyzed by Weber (1971). Stacher (1995), using a sequence stratigraphic approach, developed a hydrocarbon habitat model for the Niger Delta. The model, constructed from data in the central part of the Niger Delta related the deposition of the Akata... formations to relative sea- level changes. Pre-Miocene Akata shale was deposited in deep water during lowstands and is overlain by progradational Miocene Agbada strata. The Agbada Formation in the central portion of the delta was deposited on a shallow ramp...

  19. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Niamey, Niger for the Radiative Atmospheric Divergence using AMF, GERB and AMMA Stations (RADAGAST)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is the largest global change research program supported by the U.S. Department of Energy. The primary goal of the ARM Program is to improve the treatment of cloud and radiation physics in global climate models in order to improve the climate simulation capabilities of these models. To achieve this goal, ARM scientists and researchers around the world use continuous data obtained through the ARM Climate Research Facility. The ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) operates at non-permanent sites selected by the ARM Program. Sometimes these sites can become permanent ARM sites, as was the case with Graciosa Island in the Azores. It is now known as the Eastern North Atlantic permanent site. In January 2006 the AMF deployed to Niamey, Niger, West Africa, at the Niger Meteorological Office at Niamey International Airport. This deployment was timed to coincide with the field phases and Special Observing Periods of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA). The ARM Program participated in this international effort as a field campaign called "Radiative Divergence using AMF, GERB and AMMA Stations (RADAGAST).The primary purpose of the Niger deployment was to combine an extended series of measurements from the AMF with those from the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) Instrument on the Meteosat operational geostationary satellite in order to provide the first well-sampled, direct estimates of the divergence of solar and thermal radiation across the atmosphere. A large collection of data plots based on data streams from specific instruments used at Niamey are available via a link from ARM's Niamey, Niger site information page. Other data can be found at the related websites mentioned above and in the ARM Archive. Users will be requested to create a password, but the plots and data files are free for viewing and downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  20. Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 versus enzyme-producing CBS 513.88

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grigoriev, Igor V.; Baker, Scott E.; Andersen, Mikael R.; Salazar, Margarita P.; Schaap, Peter J.; Vondervoot, Peter J.I. van de; Culley, David; Thykaer, Jette; Frisvad, Jens C.; Nielsen, Kristen F.; Albang, Richard; Albermann, Kaj; Berka, Randy M.; Braus, Gerhard H.; Braus-Stromeyer, Susanna A.; Corrochano, Luis M.; Dai, Ziyu; Dijck, Piet W.M. van; Hofmann, Gerald; Lasure, Linda L.; Magnusson, Jon K.; Meijer, Susan L.; Nielsen, Jakob B.; Nielsen, Michael L.; Ooyen, Albert J.J. van; Panther, Kathyrn S.; Pel, Herman J.; Poulsen, Lars; Samson, Rob A.; Stam, Hen; Tsang, Adrian; Brink, Johannes M. van den; Atkins, Alex; Aerts, Andrea; Shapiro, Harris; Pangilinan, Jasmyn; Salamov, Asaf; Lou, Yigong; Lindquist, Erika; Lucas, Susan; Grimwood, Jane; Kubicek, Christian P.; Martinez, Diego; Peij, Noel N.M.E. van; Roubos, Johannes A.; Nielsen, Jens

    2011-04-28

    The filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger exhibits great diversity in its phenotype. It is found globally, both as marine and terrestrial strains, produces both organic acids and hydrolytic enzymes in high amounts, and some isolates exhibit pathogenicity. Although the genome of an industrial enzyme-producing A. niger strain (CBS 513.88) has already been sequenced, the versatility and diversity of this species compels additional exploration. We therefore undertook whole genome sequencing of the acidogenic A. niger wild type strain (ATCC 1015), and produced a genome sequence of very high quality. Only 15 gaps are present in the sequence and half the telomeric regions have been elucidated. Moreover, sequence information from ATCC 1015 was utilized to improve the genome sequence of CBS 513.88. Chromosome-level comparisons uncovered several genome rearrangements, deletions, a clear case of strain-specific horizontal gene transfer, and identification of 0.8 megabase of novel sequence. Single nucleotide polymorphisms per kilobase (SNPs/kb) between the two strains were found to be exceptionally high (average: 7.8, maximum: 160 SNPs/kb). High variation within the species was confirmed with exo-metabolite profiling and phylogenetics. Detailed lists of alleles were generated, and genotypic differences were observed to accumulate in metabolic pathways essential to acid production and protein synthesis. A transcriptome analysis revealed up-regulation of the electron transport chain, specifically the alternative oxidative pathway in ATCC 1015, while CBS 513.88 showed significant up-regulation of genes relevant to glucoamylase A production, such as tRNA-synthases and protein transporters. Our results and datasets from this integrative systems biology analysis resulted in a snapshot of fungal evolution and will support further optimization of cell factories based on filamentous fungi.[Supplemental materials (10 figures, three text documents and 16 tables) have been made available. The whole genome sequence for A. niger ATCC 1015 is available from NBCI under acc. no ACJE00000000. The up-dated sequence for A. niger CBS 513.88 is available from EMBL under acc. no AM269948-AM270415. The sequence data from the phylogeny study has been submitted to NCBI (GU296686-296739). Microarray data from this study is submitted to GEO as series GSE10983. Accession for reviewers is possible through: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi token GSE10983] The dsmM_ANIGERa_coll511030F library and platform information is deposited at GEO under number GPL6758

  1. 15.02.99.M1 Export Controls Page 1 of 8 UNIVERSITY RULE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    15.02.99.M1 Export Controls Page 1 of 8 UNIVERSITY RULE 15.02.99.M1 Export Controls Approved May 20 to comply with United States export control laws and regulations including, without limitation, those implemented by the Department of Commerce through its Export Administration Regulations (EAR

  2. Involvement of the transcription factor FoxM1 in contact inhibition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faust, Dagmar; Al-Butmeh, Firas; Linz, Berenike [Institute of Toxicology, Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University, Obere Zahlbacherstr. 67, 55131 Mainz (Germany)] [Institute of Toxicology, Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University, Obere Zahlbacherstr. 67, 55131 Mainz (Germany); Dietrich, Cornelia, E-mail: cdietric@uni-mainz.de [Institute of Toxicology, Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University, Obere Zahlbacherstr. 67, 55131 Mainz (Germany)] [Institute of Toxicology, Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University, Obere Zahlbacherstr. 67, 55131 Mainz (Germany)

    2012-10-05

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The transcription factor FoxM1 is downregulated upon contact inhibition. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The decrease in FoxM1 levels occurs very likely due to inhibition of ERK activity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The decrease in FoxM1 is not sufficient, but required for contact inhibition. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We propose a new model of contact inhibition involving pRB/E2F and FoxM1. -- Abstract: Contact inhibition is a crucial mechanism regulating proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Although it is generally accepted that contact inhibition plays a pivotal role in maintaining tissue homeostasis, the molecular mechanisms of contact inhibition are still not fully understood. FoxM1 is known as a proliferation-associated transcription factor and is upregulated in many cancer types. Vice versa, anti-proliferative signals, such as TGF-{beta} and differentiation signals decrease FoxM1 expression. Here we investigated the role of FoxM1 in contact inhibition in fibroblasts. We show that protein expression of FoxM1 is severely and rapidly downregulated upon contact inhibition, probably by inhibition of ERK activity, which then leads to decreased expression of cyclin A and polo-like kinase 1. Vice versa, ectopic expression of FoxM1 prevents the decrease in cyclin A and polo-like kinase 1 and causes a two-fold increase in saturation density indicating loss of contact inhibition. Hence, we show that downregulation of FoxM1 is required for contact inhibition by regulating expression of cyclin A and polo-like kinase 1.

  3. 15.99.01.M1 Human Subjects in Research Page 1 of 9 UNIVERSITY RULE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    15.99.01.M1 Human Subjects in Research Page 1 of 9 UNIVERSITY RULE 15.99.01.M1 Human Subjects relating to human subjects research including 45 C.F.R., Part 46 and 21 C.F.R., Parts 50 and 56. Texas A&M University assures that all of its research involving human subjects will comply with the terms of its

  4. Mission hazard assessment for STARS Mission 1 (M1) in the Marshall Islands area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Outka, D.E.; LaFarge, R.A.

    1993-07-01

    A mission hazard assessment has been performed for the Strategic Target System Mission 1 (known as STARS M1) for hazards due to potential debris impact in the Marshall Islands area. The work was performed at Sandia National Laboratories as a result of discussion with Kwajalein Missile Range (KMR) safety officers. The STARS M1 rocket will be launched from the Kauai Test Facility (KTF), Hawaii, and deliver two payloads to within the viewing range of sensors located on the Kwajalein Atoll. The purpose of this work has been to estimate upper bounds for expected casualty rates and impact probability or the Marshall Islands areas which adjoin the STARS M1 instantaneous impact point (IIP) trace. This report documents the methodology and results of the analysis.

  5. The structure of the Offshore Niger Delta C. D. CONNORS1*, B. RADOVICH2, A. DANFORTH3 AND S. VENKATRAMAN4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Christopher D.

    of the structure and stratigraphy of the offshore Niger Delta from an interpretation of the new regional 2D seismic of the delta. The seismic data have optimal characteristics (long offset, long recording time, prestack depth imaging of the prodelta stratigraphy, and detachment levels. We interpreted several sequence boundaries

  6. Mapping N-linked Glycosylation Sites in the Secretome and Whole Cells of Aspergillus niger Using Hydrazide Chemistry and Mass Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Lu; Aryal, Uma K.; Dai, Ziyu; Mason, Alisa C.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Tian, Zhixin; Zhou, Jianying; Su, Dian; Weitz, Karl K.; Liu, Tao; Camp, David G.; Smith, Richard D.; Baker, Scott E.; Qian, Weijun

    2012-01-01

    Protein glycosylation is known to play an essential role in both cellular functions and the secretory pathways; however, little information is available on the dynamics of glycosylated N-linked glycosites of fungi. Herein we present the first extensive mapping of glycosylated N-linked glycosites in industrial strain Aspergillus niger by applying an optimized solid phase enrichment of glycopeptide protocol using hydrazide modified magnetic beads. The enrichment protocol was initially optimized using mouse plasma and A. niger secretome samples, which was then applied to profile N-linked glycosites from both the secretome and whole cell lysates of A. niger. A total of 847 unique N-linked glycosites and 330 N-linked glycoproteins were confidently identified by LC-MS/MS. Based on gene ontology analysis, the identified N-linked glycoproteins in the whole cell lysate were primarily localized in the plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, lysosome, and storage vacuoles. The identified N-linked glycoproteins are involved in a wide range of biological processes including gene regulation and signal transduction, protein folding and assembly, protein modification and carbohydrate metabolism. The extensive coverage of glycosylated N-linked glycosites along with identification of partial N-linked glycosylation in those enzymes involving in different biochemical pathways provide useful information for functional studies of N-linked glycosylation and their biotechnological applications in A. niger.

  7. M1 Master Mathematiques de Metz Mod`eles probabilistes en finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thalmaier, Anton

    M1 ­ Master Math´ematiques de Metz Mod`eles probabilistes en finance 2007/2008 R. Lamberton, B. Lapeyre: Introduction au calcul stochastique appliqu´e `a la finance. Ellipses, 1997 (b) S. E. Shreve: Stochastic calculus for finance. I: The binomial asset pricing model. Springer Finance, 2004 (c

  8. 29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources Security Surveillance Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources ­ Security Surveillance Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources ­ Security Surveillance Approved April 13, 2010 Revised by the University Police Department #12;29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources ­ Security Surveillance Page 2 of 4

  9. New probe of M1 and E1 strengths in GDR regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayakawa, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency and National Astronomical Observatory in Japan (Japan); Ogata, K. [RCNP, Osaka University (Japan); Miyamoto, S.; Mochizuki, T.; Horikawa, K.; Amano, S. [University of Hyogo (Japan); Imazaki, K.; Li, D.; Izawa, Y. [Institute for Laser Technology (Japan); Chiba, S. [Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)

    2014-05-02

    The M1 strengths (or level density of 1{sup +} states) are of importance for estimation of interaction strengths between neutrinos and nuclei for the study of the supernova neutrino-process. In 1957, Agodi predicted theoretically angular distribution of neutrons emitted from states excited via dipole transitions with linearly polarized gamma-ray beam at the polar angle of ?=90° should be followed by a simple function, a + b cos(2?), where ?, is azimuthal angel. However, this theoretical prediction has not been verified over the wide mass region except for light nuclei as deuteron. We have measured neutron angular distributions with (polarized gamma, n) reactions on Au, Nal, and Cu. We have verified the Agodi's prediction for the first time over the wide mass region. This suggests that (polarized gamma, n) reactions may be useful tools to study M1 strengths in giant resonance regions.

  10. IUP SID M1, 2005 T.P. SAS numero 01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lagnoux, Agnès

    IUP SID M1, 2005 T.P. SAS num´ero 01 Apr`es quelques g´en´eralit´es sur le logiciel SAS, l'objet de place l'environnement UNIX n´ecessaire `a l'utilisation de SAS dans des conditions commodes. G´en´eralit´es sur le logiciel SAS Le logiciel SAS est de conception am´ericaine : il est developp´e et commercialis

  11. Surface Termination of M1 Phase and Rational Design of Propane Ammoxidation Catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guliants, Vadim

    2015-02-16

    This final report describes major accomplishments in this research project which has demonstrated that the M1 phase is the only crystalline phase required for propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile and that a surface monolayer terminating the ab planes of the M1 phase is responsible for their activity and selectivity in this reaction. Fundamental studies of the topmost surface chemistry and mechanism of propane ammoxidation over the Mo-V-(Te,Sb)-(Nb,Ta)-O M1 and M2 phases resulted in the development of quantitative understanding of the surface molecular structure – reactivity relationships for this unique catalytic system. These oxides possess unique catalytic properties among mixed metal oxides, because they selectively catalyze three alkane transformation reactions, namely propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile, propane oxidation to acrylic acid and ethane oxidative dehydrogenation, all of considerable economic significance. Therefore, the larger goal of this research was to expand this catalysis to other alkanes of commercial interest, and more broadly, demonstrate successful approaches to rational design of improved catalysts that can be applied to other selective (amm)oxidation processes.

  12. 29.01.03.M1.07 Information Resources Change Management Page 1 of 6 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.07 Information Resources ­ Change Management Page 1 of 6 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.07 Information Resources ­ Change Management Approved July 18, 2005 Revised February management of changes to information resources. Definitions Confidential - Information that must be protected

  13. 29.01.03.M1.15 Information Resources Physical Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.15 Information Resources ­ Physical Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.15 Information Resources ­ Physical Security Approved July 18, 2005 Revised February to information resource facilities is extremely important to an overall security program. Therefore, the purpose

  14. 29.01.03.M1.03 Information Resources-Account Management Page 1 of 5 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.03 Information Resources- Account Management Page 1 of 5 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.03 Information Resources ­ Account Management Approved July 18, 2005 Revised February of establishing confidence in the identity of users or information systems. There are many ways to authenticate

  15. 29.01.03.M1.12 Information Resources Network Access Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.12 Information Resources ­ Network Access Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.12 Information Resources ­ Network Access Approved July 28, 2005 Revised May 28, 2010 Administrative Procedure Statement The information resources network infrastructure in Bryan/College Station

  16. 29.01.03.M1.06 Information Resources Backup and Recovery Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.06 Information Resources ­ Backup and Recovery Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.06 Information Resources ­ Backup and Recovery Approved July 18, 2005 Revised February for mission critical information, and associated information resources, that are stored in an electronic

  17. 29.01.03.M1.22 Information Resources Vendor Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.22 Information Resources ­ Vendor Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.22 Information Resources ­ Vendor Access Approved July 18, 2005 Revised December 4, 2009 that will mitigate information security risks associated with vendor access. Reason for SAP Vendors play an important

  18. 29.01.03.M1.13 Information Resources Network Configuration Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.13 Information Resources ­ Network Configuration Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.13 Information Resources ­Network Configuration Approved July 18, 2005 Revised for change of the network infrastructure. Definitions Information Resources (IR) - the procedures, equipment

  19. 29.01.03. M1.11 Information Resources Intrusion Detection Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03. M1.11 Information Resources ­ Intrusion Detection Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.11 Information Resources ­ Intrusion Detection Approved July 18, 2005 Revised April 27 security policy. As information systems grow in complexity, effective security systems must evolve

  20. 29.01.03.M1.32 Information Resources Disaster Recovery Planning Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.32 Information Resources ­ Disaster Recovery Planning Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES 29.01.03.M1.32 Information Resources ­ Disaster Recovery Planning Revised November 5 and predictable manner. Definitions Information Resources (IR) - the procedures, equipment, and software

  1. 29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE 29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Approved May 27, 2002 Revised May 28, 2009 Revised October 15&M) electronic information resources are vital academic and administrative assets which require appropriate

  2. 29.01.03.M1.08 Information Resources Email Use Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.08 Information Resources ­ Email Use Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.08 Information Resources ­ E-mail Use Approved July 18, 2005 Revised April 27, 2010 Revised University information resources are strategic assets and as such must be managed as valuable state resources

  3. 29.01.03. M1.18 Information Resources Security Monitoring Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03. M1.18 Information Resources ­ Security Monitoring Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.18 Information Resources ­ Security Monitoring Approved July 18, 2005 Revised April 27, etc. Reason for SAP The purpose of the security monitoring policy is to ensure that information

  4. 29.01.03.M1.17 Information Resources Privacy Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for university information resources. Reason The University has the right to examine information on information29.01.03.M1.17 Information Resources ­ Privacy Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.17 Information Resources ­ Privacy Approved July 18, 2005 Revised December 4, 2009 Revised August

  5. Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transition of Fe-57...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transition of Fe-57 with CUORE crystals Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transition of...

  6. 29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology & Chief Information Officer. 2. RESPONSIBILITIES 2.1 The Associate Vice President for Information Technology & Chief Information Officer, or designee, is responsible for administering the provisions29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE 29.01.03.M1

  7. 29.01.03.M1.20 Information Resources Platform Management Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , phones, and other information technology devices) are relied upon to deliver data in a secure, reliable29.01.03.M1.20 Information Resources ­ Platform Management Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.20 Information Resources ­ Platform Management Approved July 18, 2005 Revised February

  8. 15.01.01.M1 Treatment of Costs for Sponsored Agreements Page 1 of 2 UNIVERSITY RULE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    15.01.01.M1 Treatment of Costs for Sponsored Agreements Page 1 of 2 UNIVERSITY RULE 15.01.01.M1 Treatment of Costs for Sponsored Agreements Approved October 13, 1997 Revised June 6, 2001 Revised January by Texas A&M UniversityResearch Services (TAMU-RS). In compliance with Title 2 CFR Part 220, Cost

  9. The development and evaluation of a sensitive minicolumn assay for the detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cathey, Carol Grmela

    1993-01-01

    The aflatoxins comprise a subgroup of mycotoxins usually produced by Aspergillus parasiticus or Aspergillus flavus. Dairy cattle which ingest aflatoxin-contaminated feed will excrete aflatoxin M1 into the milk. The presence of this metabolite...

  10. Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transition of Fe-57 with CUORE crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandria, F.

    2014-01-01

    to JCAP Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transitionfor useful discussion about solar core 57 Fe content.excitation of 57 Fe in the solar core. The isotope 57 Fe is

  11. 29.01.04.M1.01 Web Accessibility and Usability Procedures Page 1 of 5 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermúdez, José Luis

    29.01.04.M1.01 Web Accessibility and Usability Procedures Page 1 of 5 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE or redesigned Web pages/content is that they are designed and created to be accessible to, and usable by, all and maintain Texas A&M University Web pages, deans, and division heads. Definitions 508 validation tool

  12. 29.01.03.M1.12 Information Resources Network Access Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by University Information Technology services, and which backhaul data from a location to a central site thus Technology Risk Management #12;29.01.03.M1.12 Information Resources ­ Network Access Page 3 of 3 OFFICE OF RESPONSIBILITY: Associate Vice President for Information Technology & Chief Information Officer #12;

  13. GG 711 FALL 2015 M 1:30-4:20 pm, POST 702 "Cosmogenic Nuclides in Earth and Planetary Science"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 GG 711 FALL 2015 M 1:30-4:20 pm, POST 702 "Cosmogenic Nuclides in Earth and Planetary Science a foundational understanding of the principles of cosmogenic nuclide research. ***have developed an ability to make sound assessments of applications of the presented cosmogenic nuclide measurement modalities

  14. The $E1$ & $M1$ Spontaneous Decay Rates for an Emitter Inside a Cavity Within a Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaideep

    2015-01-01

    We discuss the $E1$ and $M1$ spontaneous decay rates of the an emitter residing inside of a real cavity carved out of a vast, uniform, homogenous, isotropic, linear, lossless, dispersionless, and continuous medium. The ratio of the medium rate to vacuum rate is given by $\\Gamma_m/\\Gamma_0 = [G(u)]^2 n^3 / u$, where $G(u) = 3u/(2u+1)$ is the local field correction factor, $n = \\sqrt{\\epsilon\\mu/(\\epsilon_0\\mu_0)}$ is the index of refraction of the medium, $\\epsilon(\\epsilon_0)$ is the electric permitivity of the medium (vacuum), $\\mu(\\mu_0)$ is the magnetic permeability of the medium (vacuum), and $u = \\epsilon/\\epsilon_0$ for $E1$ transitions or $u = \\mu_0/\\mu$ for $M1$ transitions.

  15. 29.01.03.M1.26 Information Resources Security Risks Assessment Reviews Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.26 Information Resources ­ Security Risks Assessment Reviews Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.26 Information Resources ­ Information Security Risk Assessment Reviews with assurance that the information on which risk assessment assertions are made is correct. The goal

  16. 29.01.03.M1.04 Information Resources System Administrator and Special Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.04 Information Resources ­ System Administrator and Special Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.04 Information Resources ­ System Administrator and Special Access Approved and skills. Descriptive Data (e.g., logs) - information created by a computer system or other information

  17. 29.01.03.M1.24 Information Resources Notification of Unauthorized Access, Use or Disclosure of Sensitive Personal Information Page 1 of 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.24 Information Resources ­ Notification of Unauthorized Access, Use or Disclosure of Sensitive Personal Information Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.24 Information Resources ­ Notification of Unauthorized Access, Use, or Disclosure of Sensitive Personal Information

  18. 29.01.03.M1.14 Information Resources Password-based Authentication Page 1 of 7 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    29.01.03.M1.14 Information Resources ­ Password-based Authentication Page 1 of 7 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.14 Information Resources ­ Password-based Authentication Approved July 18 authentication is a means to control who has access to an information resource system. Controlling the access

  19. 29.01.03.M1.21 Information Resources -System Development and Acquisition Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.21 Information Resources - System Development and Acquisition Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.21 Information Resources ­ System Development and Acquisition Approved July Confidential Information - Information that must be protected from unauthorized disclosure or public release

  20. 29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources-Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources- Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources ­ Portable Devices: Information Security Approved on the responsibilities of information resource owners to adequately protect data residing on portable devices

  1. Ejercicios de Teoria de Numeros para las Navidades 2009 Problema 1. a) (facil) Demostrar que log m.c.m.{1, . . . , n} n.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cilleruelo, Javier

    Ejercicios de Teor´ia de N´umeros para las Navidades 2009 Problema 1. a) (f´acil) Demostrar que log m.c.m.{1, . . . , n} n. b) (dif´icil) Hallar el comportamiento asint´otico de log m.c.m.{1, 6

  2. Better Catalysts through Microscopy: Nanometer Scale M1/M2 Intergrown Heterostructure in Mo-V-M Complex Oxides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Qian [ORNL; Woo, Jungwon [University of Cincinnati; Belianinov, Alex [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati; Borisevich, Albina Y [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    In recent decades, catalysis research has transformed from the predominantly empirical field to one where it is possible to control the catalytic properties via characterization and modification of the atomic-scale active centers. Many phenomena in catalysis, such as synergistic effect, however, transcend the atomic scale and also require the knowledge and control of the mesoscale structure of the specimen to harness. In this paper, we use our discovery of atomic-scale epitaxial interfaces in molybdenum vanadium based complex oxide catalysts systems (i.e., MoVMO, M = Ta, Te, Sb, Nb, etc.) to achieve control of the mesoscale structure of this complex mixture of very different active phases. We can now achieve true epitaxial intergrowth between the catalytically critical M1 and M2 phases in the system that are hypothesized to have synergistic interactions, and demonstrate that the resulting catalyst has improved selectivity in the initial studies. Finally, we highlight the crucial role atomic scale characterization and mesoscale structure control play in uncovering the complex underpinnings of the synergistic effect in catalysis.

  3. Mathematical Model for the Optimal Utilization Percentile in M/M/1 Systems: A Contribution about Knees in Performance Curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez-Horta, Francisco A; Ramirez-Cortes, Juan M; Martinez-Carballido, Jorge; Buenfil-Alpuche, Eldamira

    2011-01-01

    Performance curves of queueing systems can be analyzed by separating them into three regions: the flat region, the knee region, and the exponential region. Practical considerations, usually locate the knee region between 70-90% of the theoretical maximum utilization. However, there is not a clear agreement about where the boundaries between regions are, and where exactly the utilization knee is located. An open debate about knees in performance curves was undertaken at least 20 years ago. This historical debate is mainly divided between those who claim that a knee in the curve is not a well defined term in mathematics, or it is a subjective and not really meaningful concept, and those who define knees mathematically and consider their relevance and application. In this paper, we present a mathematical model and analysis for identifying the three mentioned regions on performance curves for M/M/1 systems; specifically, we found the knees, or optimal utilization percentiles, at the vertices of the hyperbolas tha...

  4. 155:208 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics I Spring 2015 Lectures: Tue. & Fri., 12:00 p.m.1:20 p.m., Hill-116

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muzzio, Fernando J.

    155:208 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics I Spring 2015 Lectures: Tue. & Fri., 12:00 p.m1:20 p and solve physical and chemical problems encountered in chemical and biochemical engineering. The course to apply these to the solution of chemical and biochemical engineering problems. Students will be provided

  5. Propane ammoxidation over the Mo-V-Te-Nb-O M1 phase: Reactivity of surface cations in hydrogen abstraction steps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muthukumar, Kaliappan; Yu, Junjun; Xu, Ye; Guliants, Vadim V.

    2011-01-01

    Density functional theory calculations (GGA-PBE) have been performed to investigate the adsorption of C3 (propane, isopropyl, propene, and allyl) and H species on the proposed active center present in the surface ab planes of the bulk Mo-V-Te-Nb-O M1 phase in order to better understand the roles of the different surface cations in propane ammoxidation. Modified cluster models were employed to isolate the closely spaced V=O and Te=O from each other and to vary the oxidation state of the V cation. While propane and propene adsorb with nearly zero adsorption energy, the isopropyl and allyl radicals bind strongly to V=O and Te=O with adsorption energies, {Delta}E, being {le} -1.75 eV, but appreciably more weakly on other sites, such as Mo=O, bridging oxygen (Mo-O-V and Mo-O-Mo), and empty metal apical sites ({Delta}E > -1 eV). Atomic H binds more strongly to Te = O ({Delta}E {le} -3 eV) than to all the other sites, including V = O ({Delta}E = -2.59 eV). The reduction of surface oxo groups by dissociated H and their removal as water are thermodynamically favorable except when both H atoms are bonded to the same Te=O. Consistent with the strong binding of H, Te=O is markedly more active at abstracting the methylene H from propane (E{sub a} {le} 1.01 eV) than V = O (E{sub a} = 1.70 eV on V{sup 5+} = O and 2.13 eV on V{sup 4+} = O). The higher-than-observed activity and the loose binding of Te = O moieties to the mixed metal oxide lattice of M1 raise the question of whether active Te = O groups are in fact present in the surface ab planes of the M1 phase under propane ammoxidation conditions.

  6. Search for 14.4 keV solar axions emitted in the M1-transition of 57Fe nuclei with CAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAST Collaboration; S. Andriamonje; S. Aune; D. Autiero; K. Barth; A. Belov; B. Beltrán; H. Bräuninger; J. M. Carmona; S. Cebrián; J. I. Collar; T. Dafni; M. Davenport; L. Di Lella; C. Eleftheriadis; J. Englhauser; G. Fanourakis; E. Ferrer-Ribas; H. Fischer; J. Franz; P. Friedrich; T. Geralis; I. Giomataris; S. Gninenko; H. Gómez; M. Hasinoff; F. H. Heinsius; D. H. H. Hoffmann; I. G. Irastorza; J. Jacoby; K. Jakov?i?; D. Kang; K. Königsmann; R. Kotthaus; M. Kr?mar; K. Kousouris; M. Kuster; B. Laki?; C. Lasseur; A. Liolios; A. Ljubi?i?; G. Lutz; G. Luzón; D. Miller; J. Morales; A. Ortiz; T. Papaevangelou; A. Placci; G. Raffelt; H. Riege; A. Rodríguez; J. Ruz; I. Savvidis; Y. Semertzidis; P. Serpico; L. Stewart; J. Vieira; J. Villar; J. Vogel; L. Walckiers; K. Zioutas

    2009-12-04

    We have searched for 14.4 keV solar axions or more general axion-like particles (ALPs), that may be emitted in the M1 nuclear transition of 57Fe, by using the axion-to-photon conversion in the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) with evacuated magnet bores (Phase I). From the absence of excess of the monoenergetic X-rays when the magnet was pointing to the Sun, we set model-independent constraints on the coupling constants of pseudoscalar particles that couple to two photons and to a nucleon g_{a\\gamma} |-1.19 g_{aN}^{0}+g_{aN}^{3}|<1.36\\times 10^{-16} GeV^{-1} for m_{a}<0.03 eV at the 95% confidence level.

  7. STEM HAADF Image Simulation of the Orthorhombic M1 Phase in the Mo-V-Nb-Te-O Propane Oxidation Catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D Blom; X Li; S Mitra; T Vogt; D Buttrey

    2011-12-31

    A full frozen phonon multislice simulation of high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF STEM) images from the M1 phase of the Mo-V-Nb-Te-O propane oxidation catalyst has been performed by using the latest structural model obtained using the Rietveld method. Simulated contrast results are compared with experimental HAADF images. Good agreement is observed at ring sites, however significant thickness dependence is noticed at the linking sites. The remaining discrepancies between the model based on Rietveld refinement and image simulations indicate that the sampling of a small volume element in HAADF STEM and averaging elemental contributions of a disordered site in a crystal slab by using the virtual crystal approximation might be problematic, especially if there is preferential Mo/V ordering near the (001) surface.

  8. Adsorption of propane, isopropyl, and hydrogen on cluster models of the M1 phase of Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Govindasamy, Agalya; Muthukumar, Kaliappan; Yu, Junjun; Xu, Ye; Guliants, Vadim V.

    2010-01-01

    The Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst possessing the M1 phase structure is uniquely capable of directly converting propane into acrylonitrile. However, the mechanism of this complex eight-electron transformation, which includes a series of oxidative H-abstraction and N-insertion steps, remains poorly understood. We have conducted a density functional theory study of cluster models of the proposed active and selective site for propane ammoxidation, including the adsorption of propane, isopropyl (CH{sub 3}CHCH{sub 3}), and H which are involved in the first step of this transformation, that is, the methylene C-H bond scission in propane, on these active site models. Among the surface oxygen species, the telluryl oxo (Te=O) is found to be the most nucleophilic. Whereas the adsorption of propane is weak regardless of the MO{sub x} species involved, isopropyl and H adsorption exhibits strong preference in the order of Te=O > V=O > bridging oxygens > empty Mo apical site, suggesting the importance of TeO{sub x} species for H abstraction. The adsorption energies of isopropyl and H and consequently the reaction energy of the initial dehydrogenation of propane are strongly dependent on the number of ab planes included in the cluster, which points to the need to employ multilayer cluster models to correctly capture the energetics of surface chemistry on this mixed metal oxide catalyst.

  9. Defining Niger Delta Soils – Are They Laterites?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alayaki, Funmilayo; Al-Tabbaa, Abir; Ayotamuno, Josiah

    2015-01-01

    by rainwater and groundwater caused detrimental effect on soil structure. He noted that the rigidity of the soils matrix may become deflocculated when there is leaching out of salt which makes the soil particles to lose their inter-particle attractive forces... ://www.iiste.org/conference/upcoming-conferences-call-for-paper/ IISTE Knowledge Sharing Partners EBSCO, Index Copernicus, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, JournalTOCS, PKP Open Archives Harvester, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine, Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek EZB, Open J-Gate, OCLC WorldCat, Universe...

  10. AMF Deployment, Niamey, Niger, West Africa

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.TheoryTuesday, August 10, 20102016 NewsUsers' Executive Azores Azores AntarcticaWest

  11. Niger-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to:Inc Jump to:ofIAEA

  12. Departement Informatique M1 Informatique, UE 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richer, Jean-Michel

    (string& s) qui ´elimine les espaces, tabulations et re- tour `a la ligne en partie gauche de la cha`ere de la cha^ine qui n'est pas un espace, puis la fonction erase pour supprimer les caract`eres ind´esirables. Exercice 2 - Ecrire une fonction trim right(string& s) qui ´elimine les espaces, tabulations et retour `a

  13. M 1 Partners | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lyon-Lincoln Electric Coop IncPartners Jump

  14. Impact of Codes on Potential PVC Duct System Solution

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 26, 2012, and addressed the question "Do codes and standards get in the way of high performance?"

  15. Service Proveider's Optimal Pricing for PVC and SVC Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    at which the provider's net income is maximized is strongly influenced by the relationship between the service provider's net income, taking into account both revenue derived from customers and the costs with an example based on a web browsing application, using realistic cost and pricing information. 1.Introduction

  16. Building the Basic PVC Wind Turbine | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l DeInsulation at the Edge ofEnergy Program PeerAStudy -This

  17. Water, Cities, and Bodies: A Relational Understanding of Niamey, Niger.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hungerford, Hilary B.

    2012-05-31

    of the city, bodies are intimately implicated in struggles over natural resource governance, and power over water infrastructure is also about power over bodies. These relational understandings of cities and bodies are brought together to imagine new...

  18. Maa-Bara : catalyzing change in Nigeria's Niger delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okiomah, Ogheneruno E. (Ogheneruno Elo)

    2011-01-01

    Can architecture catalyze economic growth? This thesis serves as a design contribution to the war against poverty by proving that small-scale architectural interventions can propagate large-scale economic growth. It ...

  19. Water balance of sandy soils of Niger, West Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, William Albert

    1987-01-01

    of Dr. Naraine Persaud. viii TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Page vi TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES INTRODUCTION HYPOTHESES AND OBJECTIVES LITERATURE REVIEW vii i xiv 12 De Wit's Analysis... over the last 35 years (Brown and Wolf, 1986) (Fig. 2). Trends for the Sahel are very similar (Penning de Vries and Djiteye, 1982). The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recently summarized current food production...

  20. Inhibition of extracellular protease secretion by Aspergillus niger using cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Tingyue

    , Forma Scientific Inc.) The spores were harvested by adding 20 mL of sterilized distilled water composition (g/L): 3 yeast extract, 3 malt extract, 5 peptone, and 10 dex- trose. Culture conditions Shake

  1. Markets slow to develop for Niger delta gas reserves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. [Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom)

    1995-11-27

    Nigeria produces a very high quality, light, sweet crude oil but with a large percentage of associated gas derived from a high gas-to-oil ratio. Official proved gas reserves, both associated and nonassociated, are 120 tcf. Proved and probable reserves are estimated as high as 300 tcf. The internal market for gas has only begun to develop since the 1980s, and as a result approximately 77% of associated gas production is flared. Domestic gas consumption is currently approximately 700 MMcfd and is projected to have a medium term potential of 1.450 bcfd. The article discusses resource development, gas markets, gas flaring, gas use programs, the Bonny LNG scheme, the gas reserve base, LNG project status, competition, and energy opportunities.

  2. LANDSCAPE SCALE CORRELATES OF FOX SQUIRREL (Sciurus niger) PRESENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jodice, Patrick

    . #12;DEDICATION This work is dedicated to the memory of two people who are not here to see it. My ABSTRACT .................................................................................... ii DEDICATION

  3. Mobile Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMission Mission Missionof EnergyJennings= a n iof

  4. Sustainable Initiative in Niger, August 2013: SO-LOGASustainable Initiative in Niger, August 2013: SO-LOGA Presented by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, R. Jacob

    ) Water Cycle (Followed by Water Resources' Manager Talk) Global Warming Green House EffectGreen House Effect Solar System Conventional Sources of Power Types of Renewable Energies Solar Energy Passive

  5. Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1 M1 Geometrie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frabetti, Alessandra

    , N, B) le rep`ere de Fr´enet de en chaque point et (t, n) de celui de C en chaque point ´egalement

  6. Molecular analysis of Streptococcus pyogenes M1 protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNamara, Case W.

    2006-01-01

    III) chloride holmium (III) chloride lutetium (III)acetate lutetium (III)chloride gadolinium (III) chloride

  7. CULHAM LOCAL LIAISON COMMITTEE Meeting Reference CLLC(12)M1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones (CCFE) Ms Catherine Soltane (EFDA-JET) Mr Mike Hurp (CCFE) Cllr David Turner (OCC) Cllr T De Vere Engines) Mr Robin Holcombe (European School) Ms Kerry Broom (HPA) Apologies Dr Karl Littlewood with the NDA activities. 4. General developments Steve Cowley reported that: · At some point in the future JET

  8. ARM - VAP Product - visstpx04m1rv1minnis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeAProductsarsclmplcmask1clothProductssondecalcsondewndcalcrv4minnisv4minnis Documentation

  9. ARM - VAP Product - visstpx04m1rv3minnis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeAProductsarsclmplcmask1clothProductssondecalcsondewndcalcrv4minnisv4minnis Documentationrv3minnis

  10. ARM - VAP Product - visstpx04m1rv4minnis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeAProductsarsclmplcmask1clothProductssondecalcsondewndcalcrv4minnisv4minnis

  11. ARM - VAP Product - visstpx08m1rv4minnis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeAProductsarsclmplcmask1clothProductssondecalcsondewndcalcrv4minnisv4minnism2rv4minnis

  12. Part I--Mechanics J01M.1--Particle on a Torus J01M.1--Particle on a Torus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    frame acceleration is 2 times that in the lab frame. #12;Part II--E & M J01E.3--Electromagnetic Wave on a Slab of Dielectric J01E.3--Electromagnetic Wave on a Slab of Dielectric Problem A plane electromagnetic pulse E(z, t) = f(z/c - t) is incident from vacuum at z

  13. Part I--Mechanics M04M.1--Particles on a Line M04M.1--Particles on a Line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    for this estimate? #12;Part II--E & M M04E.3--Penny Thrown into a Solenoid M04E.3--Penny Thrown into a Solenoid Problem A penny is thrown towards a large solenoid magnet. The penny moves along the axis of the solenoid with a frictionless constraint which keeps the plane of the penny perpendicular to the solenoid axis. As the penny

  14. EDA501 Programmering --vningstider VT2 2015 version 24/3 Grupp M1.01-04 Grupp M1.05-08 Grupp M1.09-12 Grupp M1.13-16 Grupp M1.17-20 Grupp BK,MD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Markus Huber, Daniel Karlsson, Jonas Härder, Linnéa Göransson, Johan Heffler, Niklas Evander, Alex, Kristoffer Nilsson, Amanda Miraljemovic, Denis Runesson, Julia Möller, Jesper Nordgren, Pascal Nylin, Malin

  15. EDA501 Programmering --vningstider VT1 2015 version 27/1 Grupp M1.01-04 Grupp M1.05-08 Grupp M1.09-12 Grupp M1.13-16 Grupp M1.17-20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Jacob Hogman, Oskar Deniz, Johan Egelberg, Linn Ericsson, Felix Davidsson, Matilda Huber, Daniel Magnusson, Sofia Nilsson, Amanda Minnhagen, Philip Runesson, Julia Månsson, Pontus Markhed Maxe, Fabian

  16. Part I--Mechanics M98M.1--Mass on a Rope and Cylinder M98M.1--Mass on a Rope and Cylinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    with diameter d = 1 cm in the vertical side of a container. The center of the hole is h = 1 m below the top cm-2 = 1 × 105 N m-2 , and density of water = 1 g cm-3 . a) Water is flowing out of a hole of the water. The diameter of the container is D = 10 m. Compute the speed of the water as it passes through

  17. UV degradation of hdpe and pvc geomembranes in laboratory exposure So Paulo State University (UNESP) -Ilha Solteira (Brazil)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    University (UNESP) - Ilha Solteira (Brazil) Bueno, B.S. University of State of São Paulo (USP) at São Carlos (Brazil) Zornberg, J.G. University of Texas (UT) at Austin (USA) Keywords: UV degradation, weathering International Conference on Geosynthetics, Brazil, 2010 821 3 #12;were used like a guide: ASTM D638 (Standard

  18. Prey capture in the chain pickerel, Esox niger: correlations between feeding and locomotor behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauder, George V.

    shorter distances from the prey, had higher acceleration rates, and the velocity of mouth opening between midwater and comer strikes in the amplitude of mouth opening and hyoid depression: both were celle de I'abduction des muscles suspenseurs sont Cgalement supCrieures.L'amplitude des mouvements de la

  19. The Impact of Launching Surgery at the District Level in Niger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    in resource-poor countries. ANZ J Surg 76:871–872 5. Krukmodel for rural surgery. ANZ J Surg 68:764–768 11. Humber N,

  20. Artifacts as Social Conflict Resolution Mechanism in Traditional Urhobo Society of Nigeria's Niger Delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diakparomre, Abel Mac

    2009-01-01

    Agbarha, which traces primary migration from Benin and aBenin territory as the primary source of migration, with Ijo

  1. Cloning and characterization of a type III polyketide synthase from Aspergillus niger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    of Illinois, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received synthases (PKSs) are the condensing enzymes that catalyze the formation of a myriad of aromatic polyketides

  2. Techniques for analyzing the effects of translocation on fox squirrels (Sciurus niger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ten Brink, Craig Eric

    1996-01-01

    . This study took place on the Noble Foundation's Red River Demonstration and Research Farm (RRDRF) in Love County, Oklahoma, from May to October 1995, and was designed to develop a methodology to test the effect of translocation on fox squirrel populations...

  3. On farm yield and water use response of pearl millet to different management practices in Niger 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manyame, Comfort

    2009-05-15

    school, and for his consistent guidance and help with my research and dissertation write up. His advice and support were invaluable throughout the course of this study. Many thanks also go to Drs. Bruno Gerard and Dougbedji Fatondji from... from ICRISAT field technician, Tahirou Saley. Mr. Ilyassou Oumarou assisted with soil analyses at the ICRISAT Sahelian Center Soil Physics lab. Dr Steve J. Twomlow of ICRISAT Zimbabwe introduced me to the ICRISAT family and later on strategically...

  4. Reuse of Drill Cutting Ash as a Stabilizing Agent for Niger Delta Soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alayaki, F. M.; Al-Tabbaa, A.; Ayotamuno, M. J.

    2015-01-01

    operations. The waste product is a mixture of drilling mud (type depends on the crude oil company), base fluid (water, oil, or synthetic-oil), and crude oil. The waste product is stock-piled according to source/company and treated accordingly... . This was followed by clean-up and separation into aliphatic and aromatic fractions in a 10mm chromatographic column. The aromatic fraction was then concentrated to 1ml, transferred into the vials and analysed using Agilent 6890N/5975C GC/MS previously calibrated...

  5. Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to:Inc Jump to:ofIAEAPilot

  6. Niger-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd congressionalNearshore WindparkNexusNickL's

  7. Water/Wastewater Engineering Report (Storm Sewer/Infiltration Sanitary Sewage Separation-M1 Model) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Brumbelow, K.; Haberl, J. S.

    2006-10-30

    In some cities, the municipal sewer system collects both storm water and sanitary sewage in the same pipes. During dry weather these sewers carry all the sanitary sewage to the wastewater treatment plant for treatment. However, when rainstorms...

  8. Crust formation and its role during bread baking1 Vanin, F.M.1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    according to a distinct local heat-moisture treatment. As soon as the dough is placed in the oven, water in the literature are discussed. Keywords crust, bread, baking, water loss, temperature, heating rate, heat and mass 48 21 15. 1 E-mail address: tiphaine.lucas@cemagref.fr Author-produced version of the article

  9. M1G / M2G Rotation Summaries Thursday, August 15th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelhardt, John F.

    and ATF4 Mediate Distinct and Additive Pathways to Disuse Skeletal Muscle Atrophy" Krishna Iyer, M5G "Dual Energy CT method to assess heterogeneity of perfused blood volume in smokers susceptible to emphysema" 3

  10. Compass-M1 Broadcast Codes and Their Application to Acquisition and Tracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Grace Xingxin

    . David has worked previously for Lockheed Martin and for the Intel Corporation. Todd Walter is a Senior MIT in 2001. His current research interests involves UXOs, sensor fusion, autonomous helicopters

  11. A. E. K. Ris Ris-M-[ 1U07 Title and author(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -+- 7 illustrations Date Department or group Reactor Physics Department Group's own registration numbers) Abstract A method for treating heterogeneities in diffusion calculations for a reactor is de- scribed.2. Principles of the Monte Carlo Calculation ... 5 2.3. The Monte Carlo Program MOVAX 8 2.3.1. Data Input 8 2

  12. M1 GEOMETRIE -COURBES GAUCHES octobre 2011 Exercice 1 Considerons la courbe de R3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frabetti, Alessandra

    , param´etr´ee par l'abscisse curviligne s. On note t(s), n(s), b(s) le tri`edre de Fr´enet, k(s) la

  13. Proposition de stage (M1) de Segret Boris Nom : Segret Boris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aulanier, Guillaume

    pour BIRDY, un CubeSat interplanétaire de survol de Mars et retour. Ces outils sont sous OCTAVE/MATLAB

  14. Universite Paris 7-Denis Diderot Alg`ebre Annee 2007-08 M1 mathematiques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merel, Loïc - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    ¦§i ¡¥ ¼ E¸ °5° ¾¤Eh°Q«E%ªEºV¦§¤E¥6 m¥¥b¤h%ªE¦§h¾« o¢¤h °y m¦®T¦ m¦§h ¡ib5 ¡r¤h³¥ Ãæf¾° Ë 5°¹ m¥«h º

  15. Lima de Azevedo, Ins M. 1 Ins M. Lima de Azevedo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Improvements and Challenges Presented by Small Modular Reactors, Progress in Nuclear Energy 80, 102-109. [4.L.*, Jaramillo, P., (2014). Regional energy and GHG savings from building codes across the United States) Economics analysis on the profitability of wind in Portugal between 1992 and 2010, Energy Economics, 45: 353

  16. C:\MYDOCS\FBSS-M~1\HATTIE\LAYOUT94.TXT

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948 2,724per ThousandLease0 0 20 0Cubic L1993 Federal

  17. SECTION M EVALUATION FACTORS FOR AWARD TABLE OF CONTENTS M-1 EVALUATION OF PROPOSALS .....................................................................................2

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal Register / Vol. 76,EXAMPLERevision* S HN,

  18. SECTION M EVALUATION FACTORS FOR AWARD TABLE OF CONTENTS M-1 EVALUATION OF PROPOSALS .....................................................................................2

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal Register / Vol. 76,EXAMPLERevision* S HN,M

  19. Microsoft Word - Sandia-VT M-1 Summary Report_FINAL.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7 Assessment ofLana Cox (803) TO:1NUCLEAR DYNAMICSRigorA

  20. Effect of glucose and pH on the microbial flora and sensory characteristics of normal and dark, firm, dry beef steaks displayed in polyvinyl chloride film and in vacuum packages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chesser, Linda Kay

    1982-01-01

    either in PVC film or in high-oxygen barr1er f1lm and stored 1n reta11 display cases at 2 + 1 C for 0-6 days and 0-21 days, respectively. Modification of the meat surface had no s1gnificant effect on pH, numbers and types of m1croorganisms, lean color..., odor, or f di i tio. o do aa oo. d s. ~th h cta dom1nant and/or made up a cons1derable part of the microflora of normal and DFD beef steaks, with and without added glucose or acid, stored for 0-6 days in PVC film. Lactic aci d bacteria constituted a...

  1. Effect of Scale on the Modeling of Hydrologic Effects of Climate Change on the Niger River Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    infrastructural investments for irrigation and hydroelectricity development. Climate change is a potential threat

  2. Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 versus enzyme-producing CBS 513.88

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriev, Igor V.

    2011-01-01

    and Applied Biochemistry, Institute of Chemical Engineering,Biochemistry,  Institute  of  Chemical  Engineering, 

  3. Laboratory life-fertility table assessment and field biology of millet head miner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Niger 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou Kadi Kadi, Hame

    1999-01-01

    and developmental rate. More millet head miners survived better when fed Bio-Serv® than any of the millet-based diets. Fed Bio-Serv® diet, survival from eggs to adults was greatest (5.4%) at 30C?. Developmental times from eggs to adults were longest (51.1-55.4 d...

  4. Comparative Analysis of Cement and Lateralite on the Engineering Properties of Niger Delta Soils for Pavement Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alayaki, F. M.; Al-Tabbaa, A.; Meshida, E. A.; Ayotamuno, M. J.

    2015-05-13

    , Nigeria. 3 Faculty of Engineering, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria. Authors’ contributions This work was carried out in collaboration between all authors. Author FMA designed the study, performed the laboratory analyses... for the standard curve was 0.990. Then about 5 g of the milled sample (~ 5 µm grain size) was used for the analysis. The test was done at the laboratory of FUGRO Nigeria Limited, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. 3.2 Analysis of Soil Properties Bulk samples were...

  5. Comparative Analysis of Cement and Lateralite on the Engineering Properties of Niger Delta Soils for Pavement Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alayaki, F. M.; Al-Tabbaa, A.; Meshida, E. A.; Ayotamuno, M. J.

    2015-05-13

    not have the cementing capability of Portland cement, it however compared well to cement in affecting the engineering properties of the soils that will make them applicable as sub-base and base soils for pavement construction. Lateralite also... of test for Soils for Civil Engineering Purpose. British Standards Institution, London; 1990. 15. AASHTO T 131-06: Standard Method of Test for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle. American Association of State Highway...

  6. OPEN 4:30p.m. 1:00a.m. daily (except University holidays)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    $ 1.85 Cran-Grape. Strawberry- Kiwi, Apple, Grapefruit Ice Tea $ 1.59 Lemon, Peach, Raspberry, Green Tea, Unsweetened, Citrus, Diet Box of Joe $15.59 FLAVORS: Chocolate Fudge Brownie, Chocolate Chip

  7. 29.01.03.M1.09 Information Resources Crisis Management Page 1 of 7 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    which uses Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) terminology, this SAP utilizes the term

  8. 29.01.03.M1.30 Information Resources Wireless Access Page 1 of 5 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wireless bridge, switch or router connected to the Texas A&M network that is not installed, supported) and smart phones. Official Procedures 1. GENERAL The main objective of the wireless network is to provide

  9. R-Process Nucleosynthesis In Neutrino-Driven Winds From A Typical Neutron Star With M = 1.4 Msun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Terasawa; K. Sumiyoshi; S. Yamada; H. Suzuki; T. Kajino

    2002-06-18

    We study the effects of the outer boundary conditions in neutrino-driven winds on the r-process nucleosynthesis. We perform numerical simulations of hydrodynamics of neutrino-driven winds and nuclear reaction network calculations of the r-process. As an outer boundary condition of hydrodynamic calculations, we set a pressure upon the outermost layer of the wind, which is approaching toward the shock wall. Varying the boundary pressure, we obtain various asymptotic thermal temperature of expanding material in the neutrino-driven winds for resulting nucleosynthesis. We find that the asymptotic temperature slightly lower than those used in the previous studies of the neutrino-driven winds can lead to a successful r-process abundance pattern, which is in a reasonable agreement with the solar system r-process abundance pattern even for the typical proto-neutron star mass Mns ~ 1.4 Msun. A slightly lower asymptotic temperature reduces the charged particle reaction rates and the resulting amount of seed elements and lead to a high neutron-to-seed ratio for successful r-process. This is a new idea which is different from the previous models of neutrino-driven winds from very massive (Mns ~ 2.0 Msun) and compact (Rns ~ 10 km) neutron star to get a short expansion time and a high entropy for a successful r-process abundance pattern. Although such a large mass is sometimes criticized from observational facts on a neutron star mass, we dissolve this criticism by reconsidering the boundary condition of the wind. We also explore the relation between the boundary condition and neutron star mass, which is related to the progenitor mass, for successful r-process.

  10. 51.06.99.M1 Naming of Buildings & Other Entities Page 1 of 2 UNIVERSITY RULE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy 51.06, System Policy 21.05, System Regulation 21.05.01, and University SAP 21.05.01.M0.01 Contact In conjunction with System Policy, Texas A&M University will seek to honor or memorialize individuals into the DSC approved philanthropy plan for renovation projects. o Demolition/Organizational Elimination

  11. A.E. K.Ris Ris -M -1 i34b Title and author(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    + tables + illustrations Date Department or group Chemistry Group's own registration number(s) Abstract computer at Ris«. In its present form it c m handle up to six hundred rhannels and fit up to eight lines

  12. 29.01.03. M1.19 Information Resources Security Awareness Training Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and require acknowledgement as determined by the department. 2.3 Departmental information technology personnel For interpretation or clarification, contact Information Technology Risk Management. OFFICE OF RESPONSIBILITY: Associate Vice President for Information Technology & Chief Information Officer #12;

  13. 29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources Security Surveillance Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the Associate Vice President for Information Technology & Chief Information Officer to review AVST installations for Information Technology & Chief Information Officer, Networking and Information Security, University P ol i ce is to provide recommendations to the Associate Vice President for Information Technology & Chief Information

  14. 32.01.99.M1, Complaint Procedures for Electronic Information Resources Page 1 of 2 UNIVERSITY RULE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    / Responsibilities/ Process 1. REPORTING 1.1 The Office of the Associate Vice President for Information Technology for Information Technology & Chief Information Officer office through email message to complaint@tamu.edu. Reports for Information Technology & Chief Information Officer is responsible for a determination as to whether

  15. Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transition of Fe-57 with CUORE

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference) | SciTechsaturated

  16. Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transition of Fe-57 with CUORE

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference) | SciTechsaturatedcrystals (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect

  17. Educational Inequalities in the midst of widespread poverty; Diversity across Africa in primary school completion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lloyd, Cynthia

    2007-01-01

    Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mali Mozambique Niger Nigeriab Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mali Mozambique Niger NigeriaBoys Girls Gender gap a Mali Mozambique Madagascar Burkina

  18. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Pakistan Paraguay Indonesia Turkey Mali Ghana Cote d IvoireKyrgyzstan Bangladesh Niger Mali Ethiopia PhilippinesBangladesh Nigeria Niger Mali Uganda Philippines Turkey

  19. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Tianyu, Arash Ahmadi, Jacob Sternig, Nicholas Beattie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation into Alternatives to PVC Drainage Pipelines APSC 261: Technology and Society I Instructor: Dr of plastics show HDPE, ABS, and recycled PVC are improvements to original PVC drain pipes in stormwater alternative to PVC for general applications; HDPE scores the best among the evaluated plastics in social

  20. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 39 (2015) 5664 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guichard, Francoise

    2015-01-01

    , confronted to vegetation data collected in rangeland and cropland sites in the Sahel (Senegal, Niger, Mali

  1. 1995U.s. EPA Symposi1m1on GreenhouseGasEmissionsandMitigation ResearchWashington.DC, 27-29June1995 . COSTVERSUSSCALE FORADVANCED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -competitivenesswith fossil fuel systems,while substantiallyreducingemissionsof Co,. to theatmosphere[Hall, et aI., 1991. This paperexaminesthe effectsof scaleon theprospectivecostsof producingelectricity and alcohol fuels from plantationUion/yearto keeperodiblelandsout of productionundertheConservationReserveProgram (CRP). In addition,price

  2. Decontamination of hot cells K-1, K-3, M-1, M-3, and A-1, M-Wing, Building 200: Project final report Argonne National Laboratory-East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheever, C.L.; Rose, R.W.

    1996-09-01

    The purpose of this project was to remove radioactively contaminated materials and equipment from the hot cells, to decontaminate the hot cells, and to dispose of the radioactive waste. The goal was to reduce stack releases of Rn-220 and to place the hot cells in an emptied, decontaminated condition with less than 10 {micro}Sv/h (1 mrem/h) general radiation background. The following actions were needed: organize and mobilize a decontamination team; prepare decontamination plans and procedures; perform safety analyses to ensure protection of the workers, public, and environment; remotely size-reduce, package, and remove radioactive materials and equipment for waste disposal; remotely decontaminate surfaces to reduce hot cell radiation background levels to allow personnel entries using supplied air and full protective suits; disassemble and package the remaining radioactive materials and equipment using hands-on techniques; decontaminate hot cell surfaces to remove loose radioactive contaminants and to attain a less than 10 {micro}Sv/h (1 mrem/h) general background level; document and dispose of the radioactive and mixed waste; and conduct a final radiological survey.

  3. A Naturally Occurring Mutation in ropB Suppresses SpeB Expression and Reduces M1T1 Group A Streptococcal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    University, Cairo, Egypt, 3 The VA Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America, 4 The Department Epidemiological studies of group A streptococcus (GAS) have noted an inverse relationship between SpeB expression show that an intact RopB and efficient SpeB production are necessary for systemic infection with GAS

  4. Ultra-Deep Hubble Space Telescope Imaging of the Small Magellanic Cloud: The Initial Mass Function of Stars with M <~ 1 Msun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalirai, Jason S; Dotter, Aaron; Richer, Harvey B; Fahlman, Gregory G; Hansen, Brad M S; Hurley, Jarrod; Reid, I Neill; Rich, R Michael; Shara, Michael M

    2012-01-01

    We present a new measurement of the stellar initial mass function (IMF) based on ultra-deep, high-resolution photometry of >5,000 stars in the outskirts of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) galaxy. The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) observations reveal this rich, co-spatial population behind the foreground globular cluster 47 Tuc, which we targeted for 121 HST orbits. The stellar main sequence of the SMC is measured in the F606W, F814W color-magnitude diagram (CMD) down to ~30th magnitude, and is cleanly separated from the foreground star cluster population using proper motions. We simulate the SMC population by extracting stellar masses (single and unresolved binaries) from specific IMFs, and converting those masses to luminosities in our bandpasses. The corresponding photometry for these simulated stars is drawn directly from a rich cloud of 4 million artificial stars, thereby accounting for the real photometric scatter and completeness of the data. Over a continuous and well ...

  5. 29.01.03.M1.27 Exclusions from Required Risk Mitigation Measures Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Administrative Procedure Statement All owners and custodians of information technology resources are expected of a requested exclusion to an information technology rules or SAP. Definitions Information Resource Owner or department, or by the Associate Vice President for Information Technology & Chief Information Officer

  6. The effect of cigarette smoke and arsenic exposure on urothelial carcinoma risk is modified by glutathione S-transferase M1 gene null genotype

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Chi-Jung [Department of Health Risk Management, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China) [Department of Health Risk Management, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Huang, Chao-Yuan; Pu, Yeong-Shiau [Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Shiue, Horng-Sheng [Department of Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Su, Chien-Tien [Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Hsueh, Yu-Mei, E-mail: ymhsueh@tmu.edu.tw [Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); School of Public Health, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2013-01-15

    Inter-individual variation in the metabolism of xenobiotics, caused by factors such as cigarette smoking or inorganic arsenic exposure, is hypothesized to be a susceptibility factor for urothelial carcinoma (UC). Therefore, our study aimed to evaluate the role of gene–environment interaction in the carcinogenesis of UC. A hospital-based case–control study was conducted. Urinary arsenic profiles were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography–hydride generator-atomic absorption spectrometry. Genotyping was performed using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Information about cigarette smoking exposure was acquired from a lifestyle questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to estimate the UC risk associated with certain risk factors. We found that UC patients had higher urinary levels of total arsenic, higher percentages of inorganic arsenic (InAs%) and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA%) and lower percentages of dimethylarsinic acid (DMA%) compared to controls. Subjects carrying the GSTM1 null genotype had significantly increased UC risk. However, no association was observed between gene polymorphisms of CYP1A1, EPHX1, SULT1A1 and GSTT1 and UC risk after adjustment for age and sex. Significant gene–environment interactions among urinary arsenic profile, cigarette smoking, and GSTM1 wild/null polymorphism and UC risk were observed after adjustment for potential risk factors. Overall, gene–environment interactions simultaneously played an important role in UC carcinogenesis. In the future, large-scale studies should be conducted using tag-SNPs of xenobiotic-metabolism-related enzymes for gene determination. -- Highlights: ? Subjects with GSTM1 null genotype had significantly increased UC risk. ? UC patients had poor arsenic metabolic ability compared to controls. ? GSTM1 null genotype may modify arsenic related UC risk.

  7. Vice-Chancellor Provost & Vice-Principal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Engineering Chemistry Computer Science Civil Engineering Mathematics Mechanical Engineering Metallurgy PVC (Research & Knowledge Transfer) PVC (Education) College of Arts & Law College of Engineering & Materials Electronic, Electrical & Computer Engineering Physics & Astronomy SCHOOLS Biosciences Geography

  8. Anchored in Tradition Soaring with Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sniadecki, Nathan J.

    Hopper Calibrator Microcellular PVC Foam Puller SystemBarrel Polymer Pellets Pre- saturated with CO2 CO2 PVC Foam Puller SystemBarrel Polymer Pellets Pre- saturated with CO2 CO2 PRESSURE VESSEL Stage I

  9. Waste Management & Research172 Waste Manage Res 2003: 21: 172177

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    there is a growing trend to PVC. For example, 54% of window frames in Germany are made of PVC. In 1997 the production of PVC in Germany increased by 9%, the fastest growth rate of all plastics. The waste stream in Germany Menke Hiltrud Fiedler Heiner Zwahr MVR Müllverwertung Rugenberger Damm GmbH & Co. KG, Hamburg, Germany

  10. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    Greece Tunisia Togo Thailand Liberia Morocco Niger Cote d’Madagascar Rwanda Tunisia Liberia Cameroon Sri Lanka Tunisia

  11. TIMBER INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT DIVISION REPORT ON EXPORT OF WOOD PRODUCTS, MAY 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghana. The ECOWAS market (mainly Nigeria, Senegal, Niger, Gambia, Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso and Togo,115 14,315,949 310 Niger 17,555 1,944,223 111 Niger 10,581 1,290,526 122 Mali 817 105,438 129 Mali 607

  12. Characterization of poly(vinyl chloride) aged in a bromine containing electrolyte

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnold, C. Jr.; Leo, A.; Tarjani, M.

    1988-01-01

    Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) is being considered for use as a flow frame material in a developmental zinc/bromine battery. The choice of PVC was based on its low cost and the ease with which it can be molded into complex parts. The electrolyte used in this battery is a highly corrosive mixture of bromine, zinc bromide, zinc chloride, potassium bromide, potassium chloride and a quaternary amine salt. The quaternary salt serves to reduce the concentration of free bromine in the electrolyte by virtue of its complexing capability. It is well known that aqueous bromine is capable of oxidizing organic compounds. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of a bromine electrolyte on two PVC formulations, PVC-1 and PVC-4. PVC-1 is the designation given to one of B.F. Goodrich's commercial formulations and is the present baseline material for the flow frame. PVC-4 is an experimental B.F. Goodrich formulation that was developed especially for battery applications. We sought answers to such questions as (1) does oxidation and/or bromination take place. (2) does bromine penetrate into the sample and, if so, how far. (3) how are the mechanical and morphological properties affected. and (4) are there differences in stability between PVC-1 and PVC-4. To accelerate the aging processes we aged the PVC samples at an elevated temperature in an electrolyte which did not contain any complexing agent. 5 refs., 6 figs.

  13. Vitrification of Polyvinyl Chloride Waste from Korean Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheng, Jiawei [Kyoto University (Japan); Choi, Kwansik [Nuclear Environment Technology Institute (Korea, Republic of); Yang, Kyung-Hwa [Nuclear Environment Technology Institute (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Myung-Chan [Nuclear Environment Technology Institute (Korea, Republic of); Song, Myung-Jae [Nuclear Environment Technology Institute (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-02-15

    Vitrification is considered as an economical and safe treatment technology for low-level radioactive waste (LLW) generated from nuclear power plants (NPPs). Korea is in the process of preparing for its first ever vitrification plant to handle LLW from its NPPs. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has the largest volume of dry active wastes and is the main waste stream to treat. Glass formulation development for PVC waste is the focus of study. The minimum additive waste stabilization approach has been utilized in vitrification. It was found that glasses can incorporate a high content of PVC ash (up to 50 wt%), which results in a large volume reduction. A glass frit, KEP-A, was developed to vitrify PVC waste after the optimization of waste loading, melt viscosity, melting temperature, and chemical durability. The KEP-A could satisfactorily vitrify PVC with a waste loading of 30 to 50 wt%. The PVC-frit was tolerant of variations in waste composition.

  14. The breakthrough time and permeation rate of three organic chemicals for selected glove combinations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binion, Pete Edwin

    1992-01-01

    rates and breakthrough times were determined for the five different glove combinations versus three test chemicals using the Miran-lA infrared analyzer in a closed loop system. The polymers tested were natural rubber (NR), polyvinyl chloride (PVC... time and permeation rate when tested against three different challenge chemicals. PVC gloves with nitrile liners appeared to provide the most protection time against breakthrough for all three chemicals. The PVC gloves showed excellent resistance...

  15. Common Indoor Sources of volatile organic compounds: emission rates and techniques for reducing consumer exposures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodgson, A.T.

    2011-01-01

    categories. Latex paints contain organic solvents such assemivolatile organic compounds from waterborne paint - Theorganic compounds from PVC flooring, carpet and paint.

  16. The Visceral Beauty of Obsession: Ennio Morricone, Dario Argento, and Their Modern Vision of Mystery and Terror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bissett, John Sterling

    2012-01-01

    sporting the iconic giallo fedora and trench coat. “AnyonePVC) trenchcoats and fedora hats, have became intrinsicallyin the iconic gloves, fedora and trench coat associated with

  17. Sustaining Sherman Island: A Water Management and Agricultural Diversification System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Richard

    2011-01-01

    B S J constructed from PVC encapsulated Styrofoam, which maybe recycled from Styrofoam used in packaging or other priorbuoyant force per volume of Styrofoam raft is approximately

  18. JID:YJCTB AID:2706 /FLA [m1G; v 1.58; Prn:28/07/2011; 13:35] P.1 (1-22) Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series B ()

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigussie, Yared

    @kam.mff.cuni.cz (J. Nesetril), nigussie@etsu.edu (Y. Nigussie). 1 Supported by a Grant 1M002160808 of Czech Ministry

  19. Interactive Investor Trading Limited, trading as "Interactive Investor", is authorised and regulated by the Financial Services Authority. Registered Office: Dashwood House, 69 Old Broad Street, London EC2M 1QS, telephone . Registered in England with Compa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at a joint news conference with EU leaders including EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana. The 25-member EU wants the ITER to be built in France, and has threatened to go it alone unless Japan drops its rival bid, inexhaustible energy, emulating the sun's nuclear fusion. It is not expected to generate electricity before 2050

  20. “Nodal Gap” Induced by the Incommensurate Diagonal Spin Density Modulation in Underdoped High- Tc Superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Tao [Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China; Gao, Yi [Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China; Zhu, Jian-Xin [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA

    2015-01-01

    Recently it was revealed that the whole Fermi surface is fully gapped for several families of underdoped cuprates. The existence of the finite energy gap along thed-wave nodal lines (nodal gap) contrasts the common understanding of thed-wave pairing symmetry, which challenges the present theories for the high-Tcsuperconductors. Here we propose that the incommensurate diagonal spin-density-wave order can account for the above experimental observation. The Fermi surface and the local density of states are also studied. Our results are in good agreement with many important experiments in high-Tcsuperconductors.

  1. 0.1 nm0.1 nm1 nm1 nm10 nm10 nm100 nm100 nm11 mm1010 mm100100 mm1 mm1 mm1 cm1 cm10 cm10 cm1 m1 m10 m10 m100 m100 m1 km1 kmWWAVELENGTHAVELENGTHWAVELENGTHWWAVELENGTHW 0.01K (-273C) 100K 5000K5000K5000K5000K5000K 30,000K 30,000,000K

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    visible and invisible light from across the Cosmos SKA (Square Kilometre Array) SKA will be the world nuclear power ALMA E-ELT GAIAJWST XMM SKA sea level 690km 384,400km ALMA (Atacama Large Millimetre Array) ALMA is a giant array of 66 antennas observing at millimetre/submillimetre wavelengths. Location

  2. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Lithuania LuxembourgEritrea Brunei Darussalam Liberia Fiji South AfricaEthiopia Niger Somalia Eritrea Liberia Pakistan Timor-Leste

  3. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  4. Women's Autonomy and Fertility: A Comparison of Sociocultural Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Botswana Cameroon Cape Verde Comoros Cote d'Ivoire AlgeriaChad Niger Nigeria Oman Comoros Cote d'Ivoire Djibouti Egypt

  5. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; United Kingdom; United States of America Convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary; Mauritania; Mexico; Morocco; Namibia; Nepal; Netherlands; New Zealand; Niger; Norway; Pakistan; Panama; Papua

  6. THE GEOMETRY OF DISORDER: THEORETICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF QUASICRYSTALS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    scitechservletspurl1015270 http:www.osti.govscitechbiblio1015270 Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 versus enzyme-producing CBS...

  7. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    servletspurl1015270","http:www.osti.govscitechbiblio1015270", "Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 versus enzyme-producing CBS...

  8. The francophone Africa blood transfusion research network: A five-year report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tagny, CT; Murphy, EL; Lefrère, JJ

    2013-01-01

    M. Razafimahefa), Mali (A. Ba, K. Bouréma, M. Cissé, A.among blood donations in Mali: lower rates among volunteerGabon, Guinée, Madagascar, Mali, Maroc, Mauritanie, Niger,

  9. Experimental studies on remanence acquisition processes and regional geomagnetic field variability from archeointensity studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitra, Ritayan

    2012-01-01

    Senegal and Mali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Latitudinalin the Region of Jenn´e, Mali. , volume 2 of Camb. Mono.Inland Niger Delta, Mali), the 1981 Season. University of

  10. DRAFT Version 0.1 April 11, 2006 A Strawman Design for the Long Wavelength Array Stations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    The strawman antenna is the "big blade" design mounted on a pyramidal PVC structure as shown in Figure 1. Each.-- Strawman big blade antenna on a PVC pyramidal mount. The big blade antenna design appears to be usableDRAFT Version 0.1 ­ April 11, 2006 A Strawman Design for the Long Wavelength Array Stations Paul S

  11. Polyvinyl chloride film local isometric heat treatment for hidden 3D printing on polymer packaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volinsky, Alex A.

    on rigid polyvinyl chlo- ride (PVC) shrink films without any consumables, such as paints, primers reading. The results quantify the rate of internal stress relaxation in PVC shrink films at various stages without thermoplastic consumables by cold or hot stamping using vacuum or blow molding blanks from any

  12. 2010 Sap Production Season Northern New England/New YorkNorthern New England/New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Systems S Fl ithi I di id l T­ Sap Flow within Individual Trees ­ Efficiency Study (Plate Heat Exchanger.3% 92.3% 80 apYield(% 81.6% 60 70 Sa 60 New PE Used PE New PVC Used PVC Tubing Type NEW t bing is better

  13. Wood and Fiber Science, 37(1), 2005, pp. 95111 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood and Fiber Science, 37(1), 2005, pp. 95­111 © 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology SURFACE AND INTERFACIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF WOOD-PVC COMPOSITE: IMAGING MORPHOLOGY AND WETTING wetting behavior of wood-PVC composites in this study. Two-dimensional and time-dependent profiles

  14. 1 Copyright 2003 by ASME 17th International Conference on Fluidised Bed Combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    1 Copyright © 2003 by ASME 17th FBC 17th International Conference on Fluidised Bed Combustion May COMBUSTION OF HIGH-PVC SOLID WASTE WITH HCl RECOVERY Loay Saeed, Antti Tohka, Ron Zevenhoven* Helsinki.zevenhoven@hut.fi * Corresponding author ABSTRACT A process for two-stage combustion of high-PVC solid waste with HCl recovery

  15. SPROVERSPROVER Surf Profiling Remotely OperatedSurf Profiling Remotely Operated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Stephen L.

    "", 2 ft section of PVC piping as shell, 2 ft section of PVC piping as shell Optimal diameter and lengthWaterproof connectors #12;FLANGE DRAWINGSFLANGE DRAWINGS #12;INSTRUMENTATION HOUSINGINSTRUMENTATION HOUSING #12;HOUSING SUPPORT CAGEHOUSING SUPPORT CAGE Constructed out of two 3Constructed out of two 3"" x 72x 72"" xx

  16. Received: 25 August 1997/Accepted: 22 September 1997 Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Liwei

    as the mold insert. Fine replication by using Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) has been achieved. The commercial process uses electroplated nickel as the mold insert. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), which has a lower glass square (r.m.s.) roughness of PMMA is about 4 nm and that of PVC is about 10--15 nm. Defects including

  17. 57ime CONGRS CANADIEN DE GOTECHNIQUE 57TH CANADIAN GEOTECHNICAL CONFERENCE 5ime CONGRS CONJOINT SCG/AIH-CNN 5TH JOINT CGS/IAH-CNC CONFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TO SYNTHETIC MSW LEACHATE Timothy D. Stark, Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engrg., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana of flexible PVC geomembranes to leachate chemicals is an important factor when PVC geomembranes are being exposed to a synthetic municipal solid waste (MSW) leachate using ASTM D 5322. Changes in dimensional

  18. Montpellier 8 March 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    sample 835 Public works/construction 46% Arms and defence 38% Oil and gas 21% Banking and finance 15 Deforested areas (90-00, FAO) Nigeria Indonesia Camerun Madagascar Rep. Dem. Congo Niger Costa d 200 Sommatoria indici Nigeria Indonesia Camerun Madagascar Rep.Dem.Congo Niger Costad'Avorio Zimbabwe

  19. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering 2014; 3(6): 308-322

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, R. Jacob

    International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering 2014; 3(6): 308-322 Published online January-957X (Print); ISSN: 2326-960X (Online) A system dynamics model for energy planning in Niger Yacouba Model for Energy Planning in Niger. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 6

  20. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Apr. 2004, p. 24742485 Vol. 70, No. 4 0099-2240/04/$08.00 0 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.70.4.24742485.2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of citric acid production strains of Aspergillus niger is sensitive to a variety of factors, in- cluding in citric acid production. The molecular mechanisms through which Mn2 exerts effects on mor- phology and citric acid production in A. niger cultures have not been well defined, but our use of suppression

  1. S.BERETANIASTREET UNIVERSITY AVENUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University Health Services Ma¯noa Bilger Addition Art Building Kuykendall Hall Campus Center CORREA RO A D Engineering Institute St. John Plant Sci. Lab Pop Labora M c FREEWAY M1 M1 M1 M1 M1 M1 M1 M1 M1 M1 M1 BA DC E

  2. The effect of marbling and subcutaneous fat on the microbiological and sensory characteristics of beef strip loin steaks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correale, Karen Kross

    1986-01-01

    in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and high-oxygen barrier (HOB) film and stored at 4+ice in the dark for up to 6 or 28 days, respectively. In a second experiment, beef strip loins of U. S. Choice were fabricated into steaks with subcutaneous fat present... characteristics of beef strip loin steaks packaged and stored in pVC or HOB film. Microbial distributions were dominated by Pseudomonas spp. on PVC-wrapped samples and by Lactobacillus spp. on samples packaged in HOB film by the end of the storage periods. Nean...

  3. Preliminary Notice of Violation, Pacific Underground Construction, Inc.- WEA-2009-02

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Issued to Pacific Underground Construction, Inc. related to a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe explosion that occurred in Sector 30 of the linear accelerator facility at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC).

  4. Quantitative analysis of heavy metals emission during the combustion and baling of polyvinyl chloride insulated copper wire 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickard, David Paul

    1996-01-01

    was conducted and compared to the airborne dust samples collected during the baling process. From these results, occupational exposures to heavy metals during the reclamation of PVC insulated copper wire were assessed. Bulk ash and dust samples were ?aken...

  5. 17 March 2005 Harold G. Kirk Summary of nTOF11 Safety Meetings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    insulation Avoid flammable hydraulic oil No PVC's Radiation-Thomas Otto, Marco Silari Activated LN2 should be monitored (Vacuum ?) Estimate needed for entry lag time into TT2a after proton beam #12;

  6. Hybrid Publicly Verifiable Computation James Alderman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Hybrid Publicly Verifiable Computation James Alderman , Christian Janson, Carlos Cid , and Jason introduce Hybrid PVC (HPVC) which, with a single setup stage, provides a flexible solution to outsourced for such systems. Keywords-- Hybrid Publicly Verifiable Computation, Verifiable Delegable Computation, Dual

  7. Nutritional profile, carcass composition, and shelf-life of fresh ostrich meat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollok, Kevin Duane

    1998-01-01

    unaffected by diet. Steaks stored in vacuum-packages had higher positive odor and flavor aromatics and lower negative odor and flavor aromatics when compared to PVC over-wrap film....

  8. Preliminary Notice of Violation,Western Allied Mechanical, Inc.- WEA-2009-03

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Issued to Western Allied Mechanical, Inc. related to a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe explosion that occurred in Sector 30 of the linear accelerator facility at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC).

  9. Investigations of Rhizobium biofilm formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujishige, Nancy A; Kapadia, Neel N; De Hoff, Peter L; Hirsch, Ann M

    2006-01-01

    on a glass slide buried in compost soil. Fluorescent image.on a glass slide buried in compost soil. Fluorescent image.organic matter, found in the compost. Bare spots on the PVC

  10. Current Empirical Premises of the Disclosure of the Secrets of Property Law: A Foundation and a Guideline for Future Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stenseth, Geir

    2009-01-01

    and PVC pipes filled  with peanut butter, ibid. , 1966.  zees initially  preferred peanut  butter  to juice.  When they got the  peanut  butter  in  possession, 

  11. Hingeless flow control over delta wing planforms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Edward Brian

    1999-01-01

    was evaluated as a possible replacement to conventional moving or hinged control surfaces. Testing was conducted with a 60-degree delta wing model incorporating Pneumatic Vortex Control (PVC) actuators. These actuators delivered high pressure jets of varying...

  12. Systems for optimizing the condition of beef carcasses for distribution over extended time periods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Ronald Douglas

    1974-01-01

    of simulated nitrogen gas atmospheres in comparison to normal air atmospheres for beef storage. Eighty beef sides were divided into quarters and subjected to one of eight treatments 48 hr postmortem. Two kinds of surface protection (unprotected vs. PVC film... wrapping), two rinsing treat- ments (200 ppm chlorine vs. no chlorine rinse), two types of atmos- phere (air vs. nitrogen gas) and two storage intervals (14 vs. 21 days) were compared. Analysis of variance revealed that wrapping in PVC film, rinsing...

  13. Comparative functionality of plasma protein isolate in meat food products 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinblatt, Philip Jeffrey

    1978-01-01

    /sa "an/polyethylene) and displayed under simulated retail light conditions (883 lux, 5'C, 8 hr per day) . Slice number six of each shoulder was placed on a flat styrofoam board and packaged in a polyvinyl chloride film (PVC) . These slices were... are reported as ppm. C= Control; STP = Sodium Tripoly Phosphate; PP = Plasma Protein. b Retail display (883 lux, 5'C, 8 hr per day). c PEP = polyethylene-coated kraft paper; PVC = polyvinyl chloride film; VP = impermeable laminated nylon...

  14. Comparison of systems for the distribution of lamb carcasses and wholesale cuts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tatum, Joseph Daryl

    1976-01-01

    treatments -- vacuum pack- aging (VPI), heat seal closure; vacuum packaging (VPII) clip seal closure; carbon dioxide (C02) chilling, poly- ethylene bag; polyvinyl chlor1de (PVC) film wrapping- and stored for 7, 14, 21 or 28 days; while intact carcasses..., Wholesale cuts were randomly assigned to one of four treatments ? vacuum pack- aging (VPI), heat seal closure; vacuum packaging (VPII) clip seal closure; carbon dioxide (C02) chilling, poly- ethylene bag; polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film wrapping...

  15. Transoceanic shipment of variety meats as affected by chilling system and packaging method 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gawlik, Mary F.

    1986-01-01

    to extended fresh-chilled storage was more effective in maintaining product quality than packaging in either polyethylene (PE) bags or overwrap- ping with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film. In general, vacuum packaging resulted in less weight loss, less... the product (primal cuts and hindquarters) was protected with PVC film while the beef which was unpro- tected sustained greater degradation of muscle color after 7-11 days of transit. Marriott et al. (1977c) suggested that vacuum packaging increases color...

  16. Protesting the contest : election boycotts around the world, 1990-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaulieu, Emily Ann

    2006-01-01

    Faso Cambodia Cameroon Chad Comoros Congo (dropped) Cote d’violence Azerbaijan Cameroon Comoros Cote d’Ivoire GhanaPeru, Niger, Mali, Yemen, Ghana, Comoros, and Cameroon while

  17. Why is it so difficult to grow fuelwood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noronha, R.

    1981-01-01

    Examples of successful and unsuccessful woodlot programmes are cited from China, Korea, India, Tanzania and Niger and the role of social factors examined. Effective village forestry involves social, cultural, economic and local political factors. (Refs. 15).

  18. Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic 104 (2014) 4855 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Jianjun

    2014-01-01

    Aspergillus niger as a key enzyme in catalytic hydrolysis of inulin and production of high fructose syrup (HFS to hydrolyze inulin to produce primarily fructose with Corresponding author at: School of Biology, College

  19. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Rev AC05 RL01830 TRN US201111 http www osti gov scitech servlets purl Comparative genomics of citric acid producing Aspergillus niger ATCC versus enzyme producing CBS working...

  20. Crude oil, conflict and Christian witness in Nigeria: Baptist and Pentecostal perspectives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osuigwe, Nkem Emerald

    2010-01-01

    : to investigate, describe and analyse Christian theological and socio-political consciousness within the context of oil and conflict in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria from Baptist and Pentecostal perspectives; and to use the data to test the veracity...

  1. Water Rig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sloan

    2009-01-01

    Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br.] production under subsistence farmer management on the sandy soils of southwestern Niger is faced with many challenges, including declining soil fertility, highly variable and ...

  2. Pronominal System and Reference in Pulaar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ba, Ibrahima

    2015-12-20

    This paper examines pronominal reference and the long-distance anaphor in Pulaar, a West African language spoken from Senegal to Niger and Cameroon. I am focusing on Toore, a dialect of Pulaar spoken in southern Senegal. ...

  3. The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Investigation of the Settler Mortality Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albouy, David

    2006-01-01

    Sudan Egypt Madagascar Mali Niger Angola, Burkina Faso,French campaigns in western Mali, for which Curtin (1998)map on p. 77) – AJR assigned Mali a rate of 2940 from 1874,

  4. RMZ-M&G, Vol. 56, No. 3 pp. 254388 (2009) Ljubljana, September 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    PVDcoatedsteelsused for die-casting using various process parameters and techniques 254 Pojavi pri laserskem navarjanju and depositional environment of sand bodies within tomboy field, offshore western Niger Delta, Nigeria 284

  5. MFST A 424302 Halfway exam 5.4.2012 ANSWERS 423. p = 50 kPa = xBpB+ xMpM xB = x, xM = 1x 50 kPa = x100 kPa+ (1x)10 kPa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    426. a. Re1 = n1d1 2 / = 1300(700/60)(0,05)2 / 0,0015 = 25278 Re2 = n2d2 2 / = Re1 = Re n2 = Re /( d2 2 ) = 122 rpm b. Re = 25278 Diagram Po = 5 P = Pon3 d5 . P1/V1 = P2/V2 P2 = P1 (V2/V1) = P1 (D2/D1)3 = Po1n1 3 d1 5 (D2/D1)3 d2 = 0,12 m, D2/D1 = 60

  6. Quality of vacuum packaged lamb retail cuts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wanstedt, Kristen Gae

    1982-01-01

    packaged wholesale cuts prior to cutting and packaging them 1n HOB f1lm did not affect muscle color. Chops and steaks packaged in PVC film became darker 1n color with increas1ng display time. Surface discoloration was not affected by the use... of previously vacuum packaged (PVP) cuts when packaged in HOB film but 1ncreased when packaged in PVC f1lm. The use of PVP cuts did not affect the overall appearance of rib or loin chops but HOB f1lm-pack- aged leg chops from PVP cuts had lower overall...

  7. Cutability, bacterial control and packaging effects on the merchandising of lamb 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varnadore, William Lee

    1972-01-01

    and increasing storage life, yet had no effect on the ultimate palat- abilityy of cooked lamb. Polyvinyl chloride film (PVC) effectively reduced carcass weight loss as shrinkage and improved the appearance of the subcutaneous fat cover. However, the use... in 7, 6 and 7 comparisons, 18 Table 4. Comparison of Bacterial Counts (log&0/ 1 in. Z) from Lamb Cuts in Experiment 2. Treatmenta Period of Day of Storageb retail dis la c (da s) 0 5 Chamber type, high vacuum, barrier bag Soft film wrap, PVC...

  8. A comparison of vacuum packaging systems for the distribution and storage of primal beef cuts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowling, Rodney Ames

    1974-01-01

    after two weeks, 3. 39X and 2. 37X after three weeks, and 4. 16X and 2. 59X after four weeks, respectively. Rape (1973) compared the use of PVC fi. lm, PVC film plus C02 chilling, loin parchment paper and vacuum packaging for extending the storage... package leakers than did those from the chamber-heat seal packaging system. Moreover, the differences 34 in package leaker rate and vacuum retention may be due to inherent differences in the films used rather than to the other aspects of the packaging...

  9. The effect of intramuscular and subcutaneous fat on the microbiological and sensory characteristics of pork loin chops 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boxer, Mara Kaye

    1988-01-01

    and low intramuscular fat were trimmed free of subcutaneous fat and then packaged and stored in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film for 0-6 days or in high oxygen barrier (HOB) film for 0-28 days at 4t1oC. In general, degr ee of marbling had no significant... effect (P)0. 05) on the aerobic plate count (APC) and did not result in major differences in the distribution of types in the microflora of pork loin chops. During storage of chops in PVC film, spp. became dominant in the microflora of chops; spp...

  10. Effect of acid decontamination on the microbiological and sensory characteristics of beef strip loin steaks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Zisca

    1987-01-01

    ) a mixture of 1g L-lactic acid, 2$ acetic acid, 0. 25$ citric acid and 0. 1$ ascorbic acid on the microbiological and sensory properties of beef steaks was investigated. Steaks were displayed either in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film for 0-6 d... treatments. ~LULQII~ s p p ~ g ~M~~~ s p p . , Coryneform bacteria and spp. were a dominant or major part of the microbial flora of acid-treated and control steaks that were displayed in PVC film. For beef steaks packaged and stored in HOB film, ~~ spp...

  11. Retail appearance and microbiological characteristics of vacuum packaged pork loin chops 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vrana, Julie Ann

    1982-01-01

    -permeable (PVC) film or a h1 gh oxygen-barrier film to be displayed 4 days or 2, 6, and 1 0 days, 0 + respectively, at 2 C - 2. At the end of the storage treatments, all loin sect1ons were fabr1cated into chops and d1splayed as described for the remaining... third of the loin sections . No consistently s1gnif1cant differences were observed 1n lean color among chops packaged w1th oxygen-permeable (PVC) film from the var1ous storage treatments except for day 0 when lean color scores were h1gher (P&. 05...

  12. Hot water decontamination of beef carcasses to increase microbiological safety and shelf-life 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barakate, Michelle Lee

    1991-01-01

    then fabricated into 36 steaks (6 from each loin). Three pairs of steaks from each loin were placed in 12. 5 x 21-mm foam display trays and overwrapped (UL Heat Sealing Equip. Co. , Model 104A, OH) with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film (Prime Wrap II, Goodyear... displayed in PVC film at 4+ I'C were evaluated by a trained 4- member panel. Mean sensory scores of treated and control loins, rounds and steaks did not differ (P ) 0. 05). In trial I the carcass surfaces were sprayed with hot water which measured 82'C...

  13. Essays on International Finance and Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Li

    2009-01-01

    1973M 1-20 09M7 Real oil prices TOT 1973M 1-20 09M7 1973M 1-1973M 1-20 09M7 REER Real oil prices 1973M 1-20 09M7 1973M1975M 1-20 09M7 Real oil prices TOT 1975M 1-20 09M7 1975M 1-

  14. High-flexibility, noncollapsing lightweight hose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, D.A.

    1993-04-20

    A high-flexibility, noncollapsing, lightweight, large-bore, wire-reinforced hose is inside fiber-reinforced PVC tubing that is flexible, lightweight, and abrasion resistant. It provides a strong, kink- and collapse-free conduit for moving large quantities of dangerous fluids, e.g., removing radioactive waste water or processing chemicals.

  15. Efficiency of perforated breakwater and associated energy dissipation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ariyarathne, Hanchapola Appuhamilage

    2008-10-10

    generator is a Sea Sim Rolling Seal absorbing Wave maker (RSW 90- 85), a dry back, aluminium space frame, and PVC cased, modular, hinged flap wave maker. The flap is sealed by a low friction rolling seal and is driven by a precision, electronically...

  16. Efficiency of perforated breakwater and associated energy dissipation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ariyarathne, Hanchapola Appuhamilage

    2009-05-15

    generator is a Sea Sim Rolling Seal absorbing Wave maker (RSW 90- 85), a dry back, aluminium space frame, and PVC cased, modular, hinged flap wave maker. The flap is sealed by a low friction rolling seal and is driven by a precision, electronically...

  17. North American Journal of Aquaculture 64:228231, 2002 Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonar, Scott A.

    supplies and a centrifugal pump to create a swim tunnel capable of producing ve- locities from 1 to 66 cm and trans- portation. We used a 0.13-hp (1 hp 746 W) centrifugal pump (Sweetwater, model SHE 1 polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe to attach the head and tail reservoirs to the centrifugal pump (Figure 1). We

  18. Van der Waals equation, Maxwell construction, and Legendre transforms Markus Deserno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deserno, Markus

    in units of kBTc, and specific volume in units of the critical specific volume vc: T ~T = T/Tc , (3a) f with respect to volume, we can set c 1 without any effects. The scaled pressure ~p := p/pc := 8pvc/3k

  19. Volume4,Issue2 the infinite Photo courtesy: Scot Frank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    better jobs. LABOR MARKETS SOLSOURCE PROJECT A lightweight solar cooker and heater made from reflective ARSENIC FILTER A water-purification system made from iron nails, sand, gravel, plastic buckets, and PVC pipes. CLEAN WATER MEDICAL DEVICES ROBOPSY A low-cost tele-robotic biopsy device that uses imaging data

  20. Technical Note Methane gas migration through geomembranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROOFS Technical Note Methane gas migration through geomembranes T. D. Stark1 and H. Choi2 1 flexible geomembranes, and to measure the methane gas transmission rate, permeance, and permeability). The measured methane gas permeability coefficient through a PVC geomembrane is 7.55 3 104 ml(STP).mil/m2.day

  1. Hot Pin Welding of Thin Poly(vinyl chloride) Sheet James D. Van de Ven, Arthur G. Erdman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van de Ven, James D.

    Hot Pin Welding of Thin Poly(vinyl chloride) Sheet James D. Van de Ven, Arthur G. Erdman Mechanical of welding two thin sheets of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) with a heated pin, thus allowing construction of a relationship between the weld temperature and weld strength. Constructing a relationship between weld strength

  2. Particle Size Analysis, ITC, GeoScience Lab. 1 PARTICLE-SIZE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & covering watch glasses, 11. Suction pump 12. 13 one liter PVC bottles, 13. Two splash bottles, 14. Rubber.0 g NaC03 in water in a 1 I volumetric flask and make to volume. Both chemicals should be dried

  3. Helsinki University of Technology Department of Mechanical Engineering Energy Engineering and Environmental Protection Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Helsinki University of Technology Department of Mechanical Engineering Energy Engineering for study funded by Ekokem Oy Ab support funding (apurahoitus) 2002 Helsinki University of Technology Energy processes were mentioned. One problem is the complex composition of ASR, containing plastics such as PVC

  4. Groundwater Consumption by Phreatophytes in Mid-Continent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    content in vadose zone monitored biweekly during growing season using neutron probe · Data collected at 6Groundwater Consumption by Phreatophytes in Mid-Continent Stream-Aquifer Systems Gerard Kluitenberg measurements Water Level Monitoring #12;· PVC access tubes with sealed bottoms installed near wells · Water

  5. Efficient use of irrigation water on turf-grasses is becoming more crucial in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of multiple turfgrass culti- vars in the stressful climate of the transi- tion zone. By shielding rainfall of turfgrasses were transplanted into clear polyethylene root tubes that were filled with fritted clay. Polyethylene tubes were then inserted into opaque PVC pipe (sleeves). Root growth is being monitored

  6. 1100 CommScope Place Hickory, NC 28603

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lü, James Jian-Qiang

    EXPANDED POLYETHYLENE NOMINAL DIAMETER OVER DIELECTRIC: 0.180" (4.57 mm) SHIELD: 1 ST SHIELD: ALUMINUM Conductor Dielectric Aluminum Braided Shield PVC Jacket Bonded Aluminum Foil Shield Additional Aluminum Foil Shield CENTER CONDUCTOR: 18 AWG COPPER-CLAD STEEL NOMINAL DIAMETER: 0.040" (1.02 mm) DIELECTRIC: GAS

  7. Zevenhoven & Kilpinen List of Abbreviations 13.4.2002 Abb.-1 List of abbreviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Packaging-derived fuel #12;Zevenhoven & Kilpinen List of Abbreviations 13.4.2002 Abb.-3 PFBC Pressurised parts per million ppmv parts per million by volume PVC Poly vinyl chloride RDF Refuse-derived fuel RE bar) TBBPA Tetrabromo bisphenol A TDF Tyre-derived fuel (i.e. car tyre scrap) TEF Toxicity equivalence

  8. A performance vs. cost framework for evaluating DHT design tradeoffs under churn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jinyang

    A performance vs. cost framework for evaluating DHT design tradeoffs under churn Jinyang Li, Jeremy tables (DHTs) incor- porate features to achieve low latency for lookup requests in the face of churn to understand which features are more important under churn. PVC analysis shows that the key to efficiently

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Natural Fiber Reinforced Poly(vinyl chloride) Composites: Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Natural Fiber Reinforced Poly(vinyl chloride) Composites: Effect of Fiber Type of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA e Science+Business Media, LLC 2008 Abstract Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) and natural fiber composites were

  10. Biomedical Engineering Research March. 2013, Vol. 2 Iss. 1, PP. 16-19 A Rapid, Quantitative Method to Characterize The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, David Jonathan

    Radiation Biodosimetry, we have developed a Rapid Automated Biodosimetry Tool (RABiT) that is designed is to isolate mononuclear lymphocytes from whole blood samples in heparin-coated PVC capillary tubes using, the capillary tube is laser-cut below the band and the lymphocytes are released into filter-bottomed multi

  11. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE CoZZoque C5, suppl6ment au nOIO, Tome 42, octobre 1981

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    by creep recovery of plasticized poly lvinyl chloride) (PVC)was tested in relation to applied stress- es the samples with a dose of 16.4 Mrad prior to creep testing. 3. Measurement of creep recovery and relaxation to study the strain recovery of a test sample, after the steady creep rate was attained, the load

  12. High-flexibility, noncollapsing lightweight hose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, David A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1993-01-01

    A high-flexibility, noncollapsing, lightweight, large-bore, wire-reinforced hose is inside fiber-reinforced PVC tubing that is flexible, lightweight, and abrasion resistant. It provides a strong, kink- and collapse-free conduit for moving large quantities of dangerous fluids, e.g., removing radioactive waste water or processing chemicals.

  13. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackburn, Alan

    a c t The influence of human related actives such as oil and gas exploration, intensified logging- ment policies and the influence of the oil and gas industry on the economies of the states. High rates and ecolog- ically diverse forest system of the Niger Delta region in Nigeria. Relevant information

  14. Illegal logging e conflict timber: Strategie per l'Italia e per l'Europa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    Total sample 835 Public works/construction 46% Arms and defence 38% Oil and gas 21% Banking and finance Brasile -2.309 1 Niger -3,7 1 Nigeria 1,5* 1 Madagascar 99,30 1 Indonesia 724.237 2 Indonesia -1.312 2

  15. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  16. Niamey Aerosol Optical Depths

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Flynn, Connor

    2008-10-01

    MFRSR irradiance data collected during the ACRF AMF deployment in Niamey, Niger have been used to derive AOD for five wavelength channels of the MFRSR. These data have been corrected to adjust for filter drift over the course of the campaign and contamination due to forward scattering as a result of large dust particles in the atmosphere around Niamey.

  17. Stored Grain Department of Entomology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    of plastic produced annually by Nigeria alone (Ogunniyi, 1990). Given the growing interest in the technology, Base de Maradi, Niger The Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS) bag is a simple and effective technology for reducing grain losses to insects during postharvest storage. The technology was initially developed

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014WR016577

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi

    and energy fluxes, which maintains a stable hydrologic, geomorphologic, and ecological state of a river delta is applied to the Wax Lake delta in the Louisiana coast of the U.S. and the Niger delta in West Africa the balance between subsidence due to compaction and new land formation due to sediment deposition from

  19. Forschung an Lepton Collidern Abbildung38: PhotographiedesHochfeld-MagnetteststandesamDESY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beschleu- nigers getroffen worden ist. Gleichzeitig wurde der X-FEL, der bisher ein Teil des TESLA Projekts Herbst des Jahres die Arbeit aufnahm. Der Linearbeschleuniger TESLA Im Jahr 2003 nahmen in der Gruppe FLC Konstruktion einer ers- ten Generation von Prototypen. Die Arbeiten um- fassten die Entwicklung und den Bau

  20. Urban fox squirrel ecology and management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCleery, Robert Alan

    2007-09-17

    I studied the habitat selection, survival, and anti-predator behaviors of the fox squirrel (Siurus niger) across the urban-rural gradient in College Station, Texas. From two years of tracking the radio locations of 82 fox squirrels, my data...

  1. Dying for oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sachs, A.

    1996-05-01

    This article discusses the fight and execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa, the Ogoni leader who defended his people`s land on the Niger delta against oil development encouraged by the government and persued by the Royal/Dutch Shell Co. Political reprocussions and heightened vigilance of environmental activists are discussed at length.

  2. Agreements --Africa 27 28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    Agreements -- Africa 27 AFRICA #12;28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements Congo of the Niger; and 6) rules for future occupation of the coast of the African continent #12;Agreements -- Africa Great Britain and France #12;Agreements -- Africa 31 Gash Total area: 40,000 km2 Area of Basin

  3. SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience) By Asapo, E. S. (PhD) 20th Development. The Nigeria Experience. Conclusion. #12;Development that meets the needs of present generations, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda projected to increase

  4. The optimal thermo-optical properties and energy saving potential of adaptive glazing technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Favoino, Fabio; Overend, Mauro; Jin, Qian

    2015-06-17

    system can be self-powered. An evolution of PEC is represented by photo-volta-chromic (PVC), which differs from PEC in that the photovoltaic and electrochromic functions can be separated, thereby facilitating its integration with building management sys... of adaptive or Responsive Building Elements and systems, which passively or actively adjust their thermo-optical properties or operation in a reversible way in order to adapt to changing outdoor/indoor environmental conditions (i.e. solar radiation, air...

  5. NH Agricultural Experiment Station -COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES & AGRICULTURE http://extension.unh.edu/Agric3 3 3 3 3 http://www.colsa.unh.edu/aes/3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    !on!raised!beds! covered!with!embossed!black!plastic!mulch.!!Low!tunnels!made!of!10'!PVC!bows!were!installed!over! the!additional!layer!of!greenhouse!poly!(6mil)!added!on!Dec!16.!The!plastic!was!removed!on!March!14! and!rowcover!was!removed!on!April!5+Tunnel+Environment.!The!low!tunnel!covered!with!1.25!oz/yd2 !rowcover!and!6!mil!plastic! provided

  6. Continuum particle-vibration coupling method in coordinate-space representation for finite nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazuhito Mizuyama; Gianluca Colò; Enrico Vigezzi

    2012-05-04

    In this paper we present a new formalism to implement the nuclear particle-vibration coupling (PVC) model. The key issue is the proper treatment of the continuum, that is allowed by the coordinate space representation. Our formalism, based on the use of zero-range interactions like the Skyrme forces, is microscopic and fully self-consistent. We apply it to the case of neutron single-particle states in $^{40}$Ca, $^{208}$Pb and $^{24}$O. The first two cases are meant to illustrate the comparison with the usual (i.e., discrete) PVC model. However, we stress that the present approach allows to calculate properly the effect of PVC on resonant states. We compare our results with those from experiments in which the particle transfer in the continuum region has been attempted. The latter case, namely $^{24}$O, is chosen as an example of a weakly-bound system. Such a nucleus, being double-magic and not displaying collective low-lying vibrational excitations, is characterized by quite pure neutron single-particle states around the Fermi surface.

  7. Towards Eco-friendly Database Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Willis

    2009-01-01

    Database management systems (DBMSs) have largely ignored the task of managing the energy consumed during query processing. Both economical and environmental factors now require that DBMSs pay close attention to energy consumption. In this paper we approach this issue by considering energy consumption as a first-class performance goal for query processing in a DBMS. We present two concrete techniques that can be used by a DBMS to directly manage the energy consumption. Both techniques trade energy consumption for performance. The first technique, called PVC, leverages the ability of modern processors to execute at lower processor voltage and frequency. The second technique, called QED, uses query aggregation to leverage common components of queries in a workload. Using experiments run on a commercial DBMS and MySQL, we show that PVC can reduce the processor energy consumption by 49% of the original consumption while increasing the response time by only 3%. On MySQL, PVC can reduce energy consumption by 20% wit...

  8. Atmospheric Properties from the 2006 Niamey Deployment and Climate Simulation with a Geodesic Grid Coupled Climate Model - First Quarter 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JH Mather; D Randall

    2007-12-30

    In 2008, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program and the Climate Change Prediction Program (CCPP) have been asked to produce joint science metrics. For CCPP, the metrics will deal with a decade-long control simulation using geodesic grid-coupled climate model. For ARM, the metrics will deal with observations associated with the 2006 deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to Niamey, Niger. Specifically, ARM has been asked to deliver data products for Niamey that describe cloud, aerosol, and dust properties. The first quarter milestone is ‘initial formulation of the algorithm to produce and make available, new continuous time series of retrieved cloud , aerosol and dust properties, based on results from the ARM Mobile Facility deployment in Niger, Africa. The first quarter milestone has been achieved.

  9. Coaxial pellets for metallic impurity injection on the large...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ; Zhang, H. M. 1 ; Morita, S. ; Oishi, T. ; Goto, M. 1 ; National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu 2 + Show Author Affiliations Department of Fusion...

  10. Griffith 3/2002 Specialty plates for Cryptococcus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doering, Tamara

    base (6.67g in 100ml water) 1g 5-FOA 6ml 100X Uracil (2mg/ml) Add water up to 500ml, mix, filter Bacto Agar 870mg URA dropout mix 100µl 10N NaOH (or 1 NaOH pellet) 500ml distilled water Mix solution) 1. Grind 70g Niger seeds (Thistle seeds; e.g. from Petco) in a blender 2. Add distilled water to 350

  11. People and Forests: a case study from Benin, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Erika Beth

    2012-05-31

    bring the Harmattan winds, which are the dry, dust-filled air from the Sahara. These winds, when in full presence, block the sun and drastically reduce the humidity and air temperature of Bénin, effectively creating winter. (Personal communication..., Burkina Faso, Niger, and 8 Nigeria. The Atlantic Ocean is the southernmost border of this nation. The southwest trade winds are nearly parallel with the coast at this point in the Bight of Benin (Booth, 1958, p. 60) (this “bight” is a further retracted...

  12. Ogmios 19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2002-01-01

    the Community, edited by Barbara Burnaby and Jon Reyhner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1 Vanishing Footprints: Nomadic People Speak, Ann Perry, Anthony Swift ......... 2 1 Independent Cornish Language Study.. . . . 2... ) Marshall Lewis of the USA receives $800 to compile dictionary materials, a grammar outline, texts, videos O F performance foor the A n y i m e r e language of Niger-Congo, with some 60-70 speakers. (3) Suzanne Cook of Canada receives $800...

  13. Atmospheric Properties from the 2006 Niamey Deployment and Climate Simulation with a Geodesic Grid Coupled Climate Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, M; Johnson, K; Mather, J; Randall, D

    2008-03-01

    In 2008, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Climate Change Prediction Program (CCPP) have been asked to produce joint science metrics. For CCPP, the metrics will deal with a decade-long control simulation using geodesic grid-coupled climate model. For ARM, the metrics will deal with observations associated with the 2006 deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to Niamey, Niger. Specifically, ARM has been asked to deliver data products for Niamey that describe cloud, aerosol, and dust properties.

  14. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  15. Trans-Sahara pipe line would deliver Nigeria gas to Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muenzler, M.H.

    1983-11-01

    Bechtel has made an in-house study of a natural gas transmission line extending from Nigeria to the Mediterranean and then on into Europe. Based upon the analysis, the pipeline project appears sufficiently viable to warrant further study. Perhaps the single most important element in design of pipelines crossing international borders is the political aspects involved in constructing, owning, and operating the line. These considerations not only effect the location of the pipeline, the manner of financing and ownership, but also whether the line will be constructed. The line crosses several international boundaries, depending upon the route selected. Each route crosses Niger. Case A crosses Algeria and into Tunisia where it ultimately would cross the Strait of Sicily into Italy. Case B crosses the Niger- Algerian border and then traverses Algeria to the Mediterranean where it is planned to connect to the Segamo pipeline and to link with the pipeline network in Spain. Case C crosses the countries of Niger, Mali, Mauritania, and into Morocco, and ultimately crosses the Mediterranean Sea close to the Strait of Gibraltar. Nigeria has proven natural gas reserves estimated to range from 2.5 to 4 trillion cu m (38 to 140 tcf).

  16. Chandra HETG Spectra of SN 1987A at 20 Years D. Dewey1, S.A. Zhekov2,3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dewey, Daniel

    .A., et al. 2006, ApJ, 645, 293. HEG m=-1 isis-3d model 2T model with point-source response MEG m=-1 isis-3d model HEG m=+1 isis-3d model MEG m=+1 isis-3d model Global Spectral Modeling: Evolving Shock Temp

  17. Installation of the Monitoring Site at the Los Alamos Canyon Low-Head Weir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W.J.Stone; D.L.Newell

    2002-08-01

    The Cerro Grande fire of 2000 had an enormously adverse impact on and around Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Immediately there were concerns about the potential for enhanced runoff/offsite transport of contaminant-laden sediments because of watershed damage. In response to this concern, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers installed a low-head weir in Los Alamos Canyon near the White Rock ''Y.'' However, the occurrence of fractured basalt at the surface and ponding of runoff behind the weir enhance the possibility of downward migration of contaminants. Therefore, three boreholes were drilled on the south bank of the channel by LANL to provide a means of monitoring the impact of the Cerro Grande fire and of the weir on water quality beneath the canyon. The boreholes and associated instrumentation are referred to as the Los Alamos Weir Site (LAWS). The three boreholes include a vertical hole and two angled holes (one at approximately 45{sup o} and one at approximately 30{sup o}). Since the basalt is highly fractured, the holes would not stay open. Plans called for inserting flexible liners into all holes. However, using liners in such unstable ground was problematic and, in the angled holes, required deployment through scalloped or perforated polyvinyl chloride (PVC) shield. The vertical hole (LAWS-01), drilled to a total depth of 281.5 ft below ground surface (bgs), was completed as a 278-ft deep monitoring well with four screens: one targeting shallow perched water encountered at 80 ft, two in what may correspond to the upper perched zone at regional groundwater characterization well R-9i (1/4 mi. to the west), and one in what may correspond to the lower perched zone at R-9i. A Water FLUTe{trademark} system deployed in the well isolates the screened intervals; associated transducers and sampling ports permit monitoring head and water quality in the screened intervals. The second hole (LAWS-02), drilled at an angle of 43{sup o} from horizontal, is 156 ft long and bottoms at a depth of 106 ft bgs. The shallow perched water seen at LAWS-01 (at 80 ft) was not encountered. A scalloped PVC shield was installed to keep the hole open while permitting flexible liners to contact the borehole wall. It was initially instrumented with a color-reactive liner to locate water-producing fractures. That was later replaced by an absorbent liner to collect water from the vadose zone. The third hole (LAWS-03), drilled at an angle of 34{sup o} from horizontal, initially had a length of 136 ft and bottomed at a depth of 76 ft bgs. However, the PVC shield rotated during installation such that scallops were at the top and rock debris repeatedly fell in, preventing liner insertion. While pulling the scalloped PVC to replace it with a perforated PVC shield that did not require orientation, the scalloped PVC broke and only 85 ft was recovered. The hole was blocked at that position and could not be drilled out with the equipment available. Thus, LAWS-03 was completed at a length of 85 ft and a depth of 40 ft bgs. An absorbent liner was installed at the outset in preparation for the 2002 summer monsoon season. The entire monitoring site is enclosed inside a locked, 8-ft-high chainlink fence for security. The liners used in the angled boreholes carry electrical wire pairs to detect soil-moisture changes. Surface-water data are provided by stream gages above and below the weir site. Depth of ponding behind the weir is provided by a gage installed just behind the structure.

  18. Polishing compound for plastic surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stowell, M.S.

    1995-08-22

    A polishing compound for plastic surfaces is disclosed. The compound contains by weight approximately 4 to 17 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, 1 to 6 parts mineral spirits, 2.5 to 15 parts abrasive particles, and 2.5 to 10 parts water. The abrasive is tripoli or a similar material that contains fine particles silica. Preferably, most of the abrasive particles are less than approximately 10 microns, more preferably less than approximately 5 microns in size. The compound is used on PLEXIGLAS{trademark}, LEXAN{trademark}, LUCITE{trademark}, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and similar plastic materials whenever a smooth, clear polished surface is desired. 5 figs.

  19. Polishing compound for plastic surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael S. (New Ellenton, SC)

    1995-01-01

    A polishing compound for plastic surfaces. The compound contains by weight approximately 4 to 17 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, 1 to 6 parts mineral spirits, 2.5 to 15 parts abrasive particles, and 2.5 to 10 parts water. The abrasive is tripoli or a similar material that contains fine particles silica. Preferably, most of the abrasive particles are less than approximately 10 microns, more preferably less than approximately 5 microns in size. The compound is used on PLEXIGLAS.TM., LEXAN.TM., LUCITE.TM., polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and similar plastic materials whenever a smooth, clear polished surface is desired.

  20. The effects of thermal and hygroscopic loads on unsymmetric composite laminates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, George Ray

    1991-01-01

    in aging chambers. A schematic of these chambers is shown in Figure 18. The chamber consists of a PVC pipe 12. 75 inches in diameter and twenty-four inches in height. The pipe contains a stainless steel liner around which is wrapped a heater... as possible. Basically, the same argument holds for the torsion tests. The machine is set 32 to maintain a 0 lb axial load and adjusts the axial displacement accordingly. The torque of largest magnitude encountered during the tensile tests is around 3. 0...

  1. Polishing compound for plastic surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stowell, M.S.

    1993-01-01

    A polishing compound for plastic surfaces is disclosed. The compound contains by weight approximately 4 to 17 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, 1 to 6 parts mineral spirits, 2.5 to 15 parts abrasive particles, and 2.5 to 10 parts water. The abrasive is tripoli or a similar material that contains colloidal silica. Preferably, most of the abrasive particles are less than approximately 10 microns, more preferably less than approximately 5 microns in size. The compound is used on PLEXIGLAS{sup TM}, LEXAN{sup TM}, LUCITE{sup TM}, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and similar plastic materials whenever a smooth, clear polished surface is desired.

  2. An investigation of the burning rates of thin films of some selected composite propellants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawyer, Miles Lee

    1970-01-01

    at Atmospheric Pressure. 81 X11 LIST OF SYMI30LS p, s. l. a. p. s. i. g. I-unctions of heating rate and diffusional mixing rate for Fenn pyrolisis rate quation. Propellant film thickness (FIG 11) Unknown parameter in Fenn pyrolisis rate equation... and 510, 164 PETN PVC RDX ST Pen taerythri tol Tetrani trate Polyvinyl Chloride Cycl otrinethyl enetrini trari~ine Steel powder INTRODUCTION General The primary purpose of this study is to investigate ti? burning properties of a thin film...

  3. Combustion characterization of coal/refuse derived fuels using thermogravimetric-fourier transform infrared-mass spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan, Wei-Ping; Lu, Huagang; Hyatt, J.

    1995-12-31

    The fundamental thermal behavior of five materials (Illinois coal No. 6, Kentucky coal No. 9, polyvinyl chloride, cellulose, newspaper) has been investigated using the TGA/FTIR/MS system under the condition of combustion. The system was used to identify molecular chlorine, along with HCI, CO, CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O and various hydrocarbons in the gaseous products of the combustion of PVC resin in air. This is a significant finding that will lead us to examine this combustion step further to look for the formation of chlorinated organic compounds during co-firing of coal with refuse derived fuels.

  4. Process to recycle shredder residue

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jody, Bassam J. (Chicago, IL); Daniels, Edward J. (Oak Lawn, IL); Bonsignore, Patrick V. (Channahon, IL)

    2001-01-01

    A system and process for recycling shredder residue, in which separating any polyurethane foam materials are first separated. Then separate a fines fraction of less than about 1/4 inch leaving a plastics-rich fraction. Thereafter, the plastics rich fraction is sequentially contacted with a series of solvents beginning with one or more of hexane or an alcohol to remove automotive fluids; acetone to remove ABS; one or more of EDC, THF or a ketone having a boiling point of not greater than about 125.degree. C. to remove PVC; and one or more of xylene or toluene to remove polypropylene and polyethylene. The solvents are recovered and recycled.

  5. After the Conservation Reserve Program: Economic Decisions with Farming and Grazing in Mind 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cearley, Kenneth A.; Amosson, Stephen H.; Warminski , Patrick; Jones, DeDe; Kenny, Nicholas

    2009-04-07

    windmill or electric submersible pump is necessary. The well costs at various depths and the windmill costs at various heights are pre- sented in Table 4. Estimated cost is based on 5-inch PVC casing and includes drilling, casing, capping, applying... gravel, packing, and digging a slush pit. The estimated costs include mill, tower, sucker rod, pipe removal and replacement, and cylinder pump. Annual repair costs of $50 to $75 per year include the changing of oil in the windmill twice a year along...

  6. Two phase mixing comparison, oil contamination comparison and manufacturing accuracy effect on calibration of slotted orifice meters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Sara A.

    2004-11-15

    the plates. The water is added in the PVC portion of the pipe that is connected just upstream of the acrylic test section. Figure 6 shows a diagram of the water flow. The water is supplied from a 0.756 m3 (26.7 ft3) tank. A pump draws the water.... iv DEDICATION This work is dedicated to Gregory E. and Theresa J. Sparks. Thank you for making arrangements so that I can always focus on schoolwork comfortably. Without your love, support, and encouragement it would have been really...

  7. Toxic species emissions from controlled combustion of selected rubber and plastic consumer products 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caraballo, Simon A.

    1992-01-01

    . . RECOMMENDATIONS. REFERENCES. APPENDIXES . . 1 2 4 4 6 8 8 12 12 15 18 19 19 25 27 28 30 30 31 49 59 60 79 85 87 88 90 TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTINUED) APPENDIX A Rotameter Calibration Data and Curve.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . APPENDIX B Effects of Humidity on Ashes of U-S3 Rubber vs. PVC. APPENDIX C SAS Program for ANOVA. APPENDIX D Comparison of the Burning Rates for Materials V-S I, C-S2, U-S3 and RT-S5. VITA. PAGE 91 93 102 103 LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1. Comparison...

  8. The Origin and Early Cultivation of Sorghums in Africa. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, J.A.; Kimber, C.T.; Miller, F.R.

    1983-01-01

    climatic change may have been desertification caused by over gra~ing. As the expansion and contraction of the savanna and semi-desert steppe regions north of the equator took place, the most advantageous habitats would have also moved north and south...-Bantu) from the area of eastern Nigeria and northern Cameroon through the forests to Katanga, and later on to East Africa. The proto-Bantu were a Negroid stock closely related to the Niger-Congo peopl (if not actually of that stock). While originally...

  9. On the simulation of enzymatic digest patterns: the fragmentation of oligomeric and polymeric galacturonides by endo-polygalacturonase II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, J J; Williams, M A K; Hunt, Jonathan J; Cameron, Randall G; Williams, Martin A.K.

    2006-01-01

    A simulation methodology for predicting the time-course of enzymatic digestions is described. The model is based solely on the enzyme's subsite architecture and concomitant binding energies. This allows subsite binding energies to be used to predict the evolution of the relative amounts of different products during the digestion of arbitrary mixtures of oligomeric or polymeric substrates. The methodology has been specifically demonstrated by studying the fragmentation of a population of oligogalacturonides of varying degrees of polymerization, when digested by endo-polygalacturonase II (endo-PG II) from Aspergillus niger.

  10. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  11. Examining causes of poverty in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Garnett Murphy, II

    2009-06-02

    staggering: Niger (85.3 percent), Rwanda (84.6 percent), the Central African Republic (84.0 percent), Mali (90.6 percent), and Zambia (87.4 percent) (see World Bank Development Report, 2000/2001, Box 1.2, p. 17 and Table 4, pp. 280 - 281). Recently, a new... in the region have become net importers of food commodities? (Ehui and Pender 2005, p. 225). Other possible causes include factors such as low population density, which possibly leads to higher costs of transport, poor market integration, high natural...

  12. Institutions and the Volatility Curse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leong, Weishu; Mohaddes, Kamiar

    2011-07-10

    and 12 can be found in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Our sample also includes 32 out of the 34 OECD countries and 8 out of the 12 of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Thus our sample is very comprehensive... -Bissau Netherlands Tanzania Cameroon Guyana New Zealand Thailand Canada Haiti Nicaragua Togo Central African Rep. Honduras Niger Trinidad and Tobago Chad Hungary Nigeria Tunisia Chile India Norway Turkey China, People?s Rep. of Indonesia Oman Uganda Colombia Iran, I...

  13. Enhanced citric acid production in aspergillus with inactivated asparagine-linked glycosylation protein 3 (ALG3), and/or increased laeA expression

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dai, Ziyu; Baker, Scott E.

    2015-12-08

    Provided herein are fungi, such as Aspergillus niger, having a dolichyl-P-Man:Man(5)GlcNAc(2)-PP-dolichyl mannosyltransferase (Alg3) gene genetic inactivation, increased expression of a loss of aflR expression A (Lae), or both. In some examples, such mutants have several phenotypes, including an increased production of citric acid relative to the parental strain. Methods of using the disclosed fungi to make citric acid are also provided, as are compositions and kits including the disclosed fungi.

  14. Atmospheric Properties from the 2006 Niamey Deployment and Climate Simulation with a Geodesic Grid Coupled Climate Model Third Quarter 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JH Mather; DA Randall; CJ Flynn

    2008-06-30

    In 2008, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Climate Change Prediction Program (CCPP) have been asked to produce joint science metrics. For CCPP, the metrics will deal with a decade-long control simulation using geodesic grid-coupled climate model. For ARM, the metrics will deal with observations associated with the 2006 deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to Niamey, Niger. Specifically, ARM has been asked to deliver data products for Niamey that describe cloud, aerosol, and dust properties. This report describes the aerosol optical depth (AOD) product.

  15. Now Nigeria looked at fiscal terms, prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ofurhie, M.A.; Amaechi, M.C.; Idowu, A.O. (Nigerian National Petroleum Corp., Lagos (NG))

    1991-11-25

    The allocation of funds among investment possibilities must of necessity include evaluation and ranking of alternatives. An essential prerequisite is a geophysical/geological evaluation followed by a reservoir/production analysis resulting in the prediction of recoverable reserves, reservoir performance, optimum method of development, and initial offtake return. An economic model of a typical Niger delta medium cost field with reserves of about 100 million bbl of oil under the royalty/tax system reveals that it is difficult to develop such a field when located offshore. This paper examines case histories involving smaller and larger field developments.

  16. Nigeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNew Hampshire: Energy Resources JumpNgawhablog/2671Niger:Nigeria:

  17. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger, West AfricaInstruments

  18. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger, West

  19. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger, WestGanges Valley,

  20. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger, WestGanges

  1. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger, WestGangesPoint Reyes

  2. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger, WestGangesPoint

  3. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger,

  4. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger,govSitesNorth Slope of

  5. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger,govSitesNorth Slope

  6. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger,govSitesNorth

  7. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better AnodeThe Influence of Clouds,convection defined by theNiamey, Niger,govSitesNorthExtended

  8. On the distributional divergence of vector fields vanishing at infinity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Wainwright (T&T, UK) 2367 2001 Feb 22 07:16:13

    2011-02-02

    Aug 31, 2009 ... vanishing at infinity if and only if F acts linearly on BVm/(m?1)(Rm) (the space of functions in Lm/(m?1)(Rm) whose distributional gradient is a ...

  9. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Gerrard, Sonja R. (1) Kobilka, Brian K. (1) Kobilka, Tong Sun (1) Kruse, Andrew C. (1) Lyon, Angeline M. (1) Lyons, Joseph A. (1) Mathiesen, Jesper M. (1) Pardon, Els (1) Piper,...

  10. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Shawn M. (1) Rosa, Guilherme J.M. (1) Spalding, Edgar P (1) Save Results Excel (limit 2000) CSV (limit 5000) XML (limit 5000) Have feedback or suggestions for a way to improve...

  11. Engineering two-dimensional nonlinear photonic quasi-crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arie, Ady

    ] 0.3012 m-1 , whereas those of the frequency fan were 0.3093, 0.3052, 0.3012, 0.2973, and 0.2935 m-1

  12. PHOTONIC TEXTILES: OVERVIEW OF THE TECHNOLOGY, APPLICATIONS AND COMMERCIALISATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skorobogatiy, Maksim

    . Distributed sensing (T, P, ...) over 1m-1km X 1m-1km areas without any point sensors 2. Electrically passive structures such as bridges, houses, etc. for long term structural integrity monitoring with minimal servicing

  13. Packaging laws motivate industry to draw up global recycling pacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiesche, E.S.

    1992-11-25

    Spurred by criticism that plastics contribute to the solid waste problem, some plastics industry associations are joining forces to find global solutions. For one, manufacturers of expanded polystyrene (EPS) protective foam packaging from the US, Germany, Austria, and Japan have entered an agreement to encourage the collection and recycling of postconsumer material. Meanwhile, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) makers from Japan, Europe, and North and South America met in September and agreed to develop systems and technology for PVC recycling as well as incineration. The EPS agreement was motivated by fears that packaging material made outside of Germany would not meet the country's new Packaging Ordinance, says a spokesman for the Association of Foam Packaging Recyclers (AFPR; Washington). AFPR chairman John O'Leary Jr., who is also president and CEO of Tuscarora Inc. (New Brighton, PA), says [open quotes]Some consumer product manufacturers in the US incorrectly believe that EPS protective foam packaging may not be acceptable in Germany.[close quotes] The agreement was signed by EPSY-Germany, EPSY-Austria, AFPR, and the Japan EPS Recycling Association. The AFPR is affiliated with the Society of the Plastics Industry (Washington).

  14. Co-firing high sulfur coal with refuse derived fuels. Progress report No. 3, [April--June 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan, Wei-Ping; Riley, J.T.; Lloyd, W.G.

    1995-05-31

    The Thermogravimetric Analyzer-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer-Mass Spectrometer (TG-FTIR-MS) system was used to identify molecular chlorine, along with HCl, CO, CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, and various hydrocarbons in the gaseous products of the combustion of PVC resin in air. This is a significant finding that will lead us to examine this combustion step further to look for the formation of chlorinated organic compounds. The combination of TG-FTIR and TG-MS offers complementary techniques for the detection and identification of combustion products from coals PVC, cellulose, shredded newspaper, and various blends of these materials. The pilot atmospheric fluidized bed combustor (AFBC) at Western Kentucky University has been tested. The main purpose of these preliminary AFBC runs were to determine the compatibility of coal and pelletized wood in blends and to explore the effects of flue/air ratio. Our objective is to conduct AFBC burns with 90 percent sulfur capture and more then 96% combustion efficiency.

  15. Building Stones (C002638) Valid in the academic year 2013-2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    from several different research domains (petrography, microscopy, engineering ,...) (M. 1.1; M 1.3; M 1 and petrography Recognizing the most important natural building stones used in Belgium based on microscopical reason can lead to a failure practicals: Petrography of natural stones used in Belgium ( hand specimens

  16. Learning Unbiased Features Yujia Li, Kevin Swersky, Richard Zemel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    that are invariant to certain task irrelevant biases in the data. Multi-Distribution MMD 1 N NX n=1 (Xn) 1 M MX m=1 (Ym) 2 = 1 N2 NX n=1 NX n0=1 (Xn)> (Xn0 ) + 1 M2 MX m=1 MX m0=1 (Ym)> (Ym0 ) 2 NM NX n=1 MX m=1 (Xn)> (Ym) = 1 N2 NX n=1 NX n0=1 k(Xn, Xn0 ) + 1 M2 MX m=1 MX m0=1 k(Ym, Ym0 ) 2 MN NX n=1 NX m=1 k(Xn, Ym

  17. Pendulum detector testing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gonsalves, J.M.

    1997-09-30

    A detector testing device is described which provides consistent, cost-effective, repeatable results. The testing device is primarily constructed of PVC plastic and other non-metallic materials. Sensitivity of a walk-through detector system can be checked by: (1) providing a standard test object simulating the mass, size and material content of a weapon or other contraband, (2) suspending the test object in successive positions, such as head, waist and ankle levels, simulating where the contraband might be concealed on a person walking through the detector system; and (3) swinging the suspended object through each of the positions, while operating the detector system and observing its response. The test object is retained in a holder in which the orientation of the test device or target can be readily changed, to properly complete the testing requirements. 5 figs.

  18. Treatment of waste by the Molten Salt Oxidation process at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crosley, S.M.; Lorenzo, D.K.; Van Cleve, J.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Gay, R.L.; Barclay, K.M.; Newcomb, J.C.; Yosim, S.J. [Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States)

    1993-03-01

    The Molten Salt Oxidation (MSO) process has been under development by the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) to treat hazardous, radioactive, and mixed waste. Testing of the system was done on a number of wastes to demonstrate the technical feasibility of the process. This testing included simulated intermediate level waste (ILW) from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The intermediate level waste stream consisted of a slurry of concentrated aqueous solutions of sodium hydroxide and sodium nitrate, with a small amount of miscellaneous combustible components (PVC, TBP, kerosene, and ion exchange resins). The purpose of these tests was to evaluate the destruction of the organics, evaporation of the water, and conversion of the hazardous salts (hydroxide and nitrate) to non-hazardous sodium carbonate. Results of the tests are discussed and analyzed, and the possibilities of applying the MSO process to different waste streams at ORNL in the future are explored.

  19. The hypergeometric functions and their confluent forms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Jack Ellsworth

    1964-01-01

    of an Ordinary Point Z. I'he, latur&: of the Solution in t&uo . leighborhoou of a Singularity l:uci&s' Conditions 4. The Solution for l. urge Values of S. Totally pvc&hs& nn &:, quot io?s 6. The Analytic Continuation of &F'1(a, b;c;z) 7. The Confluent... ~ P zn ) na zn-1 + ) q zn ( anzn n n n n (1. 4) gquating co&&f ficients, we find 2 1P + 3 2pp I 1 lqp o ll (1. 53 (1. I&) and in general that -(n-1) na (n-1) a lp + (n-2) a -Zpl +' ' '+ alpn-2 + + a 2q + a &ql +. ~ . + alrl &+ a rr (1 ~ 7...

  20. Examining properties of multiple product production technologies and profit functions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nash, Elizabeth Kultgen

    1981-01-01

    . 3)), (2. 6) (2. 7) P VC p Y 1 + $ ( a Y h / 3 P I ) ( P h + P 1 F y h ) h=Z m + g (a Xj/aRj) (-Rj + P1FX ) j=l X3 = Yi by first order conditions ((2. 2) and (2. 3)), n PVC ~ = -Xj + g (aY1/aRj ) (Pi + P1Fy ' ) Rj . Yi m + g (a XA... /3 P 1 ) 0 -l 0 (axm/ar i) where HPVC is the Hessian of the primal problem. The solutions to these equations may be found as follows: (3. 6) 3Yh/3Pi = -HPVCPhp /det HPVC, 1 and h = 2, . . . , n, (3. 7) 3Xj/3Pi = -HPVC . . /det HPVC, 1 = 2...

  1. Apparatus for inspecting piping

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zollingger, W.T.; Appel, D.K.; Park, L.R.

    1995-03-21

    An inspection rabbit is described for inspecting piping systems having severe bends therein. The rabbit consists of a flexible, modular body containing a miniaturized eddy current inspection probe, a self-contained power supply for proper operation of the rabbit, an outer surface that allows ease of movement through piping systems and means for transmitting data generated by the inspection device. The body is preferably made of flexible polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tubing or, alternatively, silicone rubber with a shrink wrapping of polytetrafluoroethylene (TEFLON{trademark}). The body is formed to contain the power supply, preferably a plurality of batteries, and a spool of communication wire that connects to a data processing computer external to the piping system. 6 figures.

  2. Triaxial thermopile array geo-heat-flow sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carrigan, C.R.; Hardee, H.C.; Reynolds, G.D.; Steinfort, T.D.

    1990-01-01

    A triaxial thermopile array geothermal heat flow sensor is designed to measure heat flow in three dimensions in a reconstituted or unperturbed subsurface regime. Heat flow can be measured in conductive or permeable convective media. The sensor may be encased in protective pvc tubing and includes a plurality of thermistors and an array of heat flow transducers produce voltage proportional to heat flux along the subsurface regime and permit direct measurement of heat flow in the subsurface regime. The presence of the thermistor array permits a comparison to be made between the heat flow estimates obtained from the transducers and heat flow calculated using temperature differences and Fourier's Law. The device is extremely sensitive with an accuracy of less than 0.1 Heat Flow Units (HFU) and may be used for long term readings. 6 figs.

  3. Triaxial thermopile array geo-heat-flow sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carrigan, Charles R. (Tracy, CA); Hardee, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Reynolds, Gerald D. (Tijeras, NM); Steinfort, Terry D. (Tijeras, NM)

    1992-01-01

    A triaxial thermopile array geothermal heat flow sensor is designed to measure heat flow in three dimensions in a reconstituted or unperturbed subsurface regime. Heat flow can be measured in conductive or permeable convective media. The sensor may be encased in protective pvc tubing and includes a plurality of thermistors and an array of heat flow transducers arranged in a vertical string. The transducers produce voltage proportional to heat flux along the subsurface regime and permit direct measurement of heat flow in the subsurface regime. The presence of the thermistor array permits a comparison to be made between the heat flow estimates obtained from the transducers and heat flow calculated using temperature differences and Fourier's Law. The device is extremely sensitive with an accuracy of less than 0.1 Heat Flow Units (HFU) and may be used for long term readings.

  4. Laser-Driven Mini-Thrusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sterling, Enrique; Lin Jun; Sinko, John; Kodgis, Lisa; Porter, Simon; Pakhomov, Andrew V. [Department of Physics, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States); Larson, C. William; Mead, Franklin B. Jr. [Propulsion Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Edwards AFB, CA 93524-7680 (United States)

    2006-05-02

    Laser-driven mini-thrusters were studied using Delrin registered and PVC (Delrin registered is a registered trademark of DuPont) as propellants. TEA CO2 laser ({lambda} = 10.6 {mu}m) was used as a driving laser. Coupling coefficients were deduced from two independent techniques: force-time curves measured with a piezoelectric sensor and ballistic pendulum. Time-resolved ICCD images of the expanding plasma and combustion products were analyzed in order to determine the main process that generates the thrust. The measurements were also performed in a nitrogen atmosphere in order to test the combustion effects on thrust. A pinhole transmission experiment was performed for the study of the cut-off time when the ablation/air breakdown plasma becomes opaque to the incoming laser pulse.

  5. Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grant Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jack Mallinger

    2004-08-27

    Project Description: Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants The Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants was established to demonstrate the benefits of new propane equipment. The US Department of Energy, the Propane Education & Research Council (PERC) and the Propane Vehicle Council (PVC) partnered in this program. The project impacted ten different states, 179 vehicles, and 15 new propane fueling facilities. Based on estimates provided, this project generated a minimum of 1,441,000 new gallons of propane sold for the vehicle market annually. Additionally, two new off-road engines were brought to the market. Projects originally funded under this project were the City of Portland, Colorado, Kansas City, Impco Technologies, Jasper Engines, Maricopa County, New Jersey State, Port of Houston, Salt Lake City Newspaper, Suburban Propane, Mutual Liquid Propane and Ted Johnson.

  6. Polishing compound for plastic surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stowell, M.S.

    1991-01-01

    This invention is comprised of a polishing compound for plastic materials. The compound includes approximately by approximately by weight 25 to 80 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, 1 to 12 parts mineral spirits, 50 to 155 parts abrasive paste, and 15 to 60 parts water. Preferably, the compound includes approximately 37 to 42 parts at least one petroleum distillate lubricant, up to 8 parts mineral spirits, 95 to 110 parts abrasive paste, and 50 to 55 parts water. The proportions of the ingredients are varied in accordance with the particular application. The compound is used on PLEXIGLAS{trademark}, LEXAN{trademark}, LUCITE{trademark}, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and similar plastic materials whenever a smooth, clear polished surface is desired.

  7. Weld Repair of a Stamped Pressure Vessel in a Radiologically Controlled Zone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cannell, Gary L.; Huth, Ralph J.; Hallum, Randall T.

    2013-08-26

    In September 2012 an ASME B&PVC Section VIII stamped pressure vessel located at the DOE Hanford Site Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) developed a through-wall leak. The vessel, a steam/brine heat exchanger, operated in a radiologically controlled zone (by the CH2MHill PRC or CHPRC), had been in service for approximately 17 years. The heat exchanger is part of a single train evaporator process and its failure caused the entire system to be shut down, significantly impacting facility operations. This paper describes the activities associated with failure characterization, technical decision making/planning for repair by welding, logistical challenges associated with performing work in a radiologically controlled zone, performing the repair, and administrative considerations related to ASME code requirements.

  8. System and method for floating-substrate passive voltage contrast

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jenkins, Mark W. (Albuquerque, NM); Cole, Jr., Edward I. (Albuquerque, NM); Tangyunyong, Paiboon (Albuquerque, NM); Soden, Jerry M. (Placitas, NM); Walraven, Jeremy A. (Albuquerque, NM); Pimentel, Alejandro A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-04-28

    A passive voltage contrast (PVC) system and method are disclosed for analyzing ICs to locate defects and failure mechanisms. During analysis a device side of a semiconductor die containing the IC is maintained in an electrically-floating condition without any ground electrical connection while a charged particle beam is scanned over the device side. Secondary particle emission from the device side of the IC is detected to form an image of device features, including electrical vias connected to transistor gates or to other structures in the IC. A difference in image contrast allows the defects or failure mechanisms be pinpointed. Varying the scan rate can, in some instances, produce an image reversal to facilitate precisely locating the defects or failure mechanisms in the IC. The system and method are useful for failure analysis of ICs formed on substrates (e.g. bulk semiconductor substrates and SOI substrates) and other types of structures.

  9. Nanomaterial modifications on conductivity of coal conveyer belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, J.C.; Zhang, Y.G.; Wang, T.T.; Yang, L.F.; Liu, S.M.; Yang, D.H.; Zhang, M.; Gao, X. [Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou (China)

    2008-08-15

    By analyzing the macro electrical properties and the microscopic structure from SEM of nanomaterials modified mine transmission belt samples. The influences of the filling process of inorganic nano particle-filled rubber and PVC polymer on the physical properties of coal transmission belt is reviewed, as well as PTC and NTC effect on the stability of the physical properties and stability of materials. Influence of nano-materials and polymer materials for rubber and temperature changes in the plastic filled refining process. Crosslinker and major filler changes in the amount and filled plastic chain time on the conductivity of coal conveyer belt is studied. Influence of cure temperature. Cure time on the mechanical performance is studied. The microscopic mechanism of macro conductivity change of conveyer belt is discussed.

  10. Apparatus for inspecting piping

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zollingger, W. Thor (Martinez, GA); Appel, D. Keith (Aiken, SC); Park, Larry R. (Raleigh, NC)

    1995-01-01

    An inspection rabbit for inspecting piping systems having severe bends therein. The rabbit consists of a flexible, modular body containing a miniaturized eddy current inspection probe, a self-contained power supply for proper operation of the rabbit, an outer surface that allows ease of movement through piping systems and means for transmitting data generated by the inspection device. The body is preferably made of flexible polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tubing or, alternatively, silicone rubber with a shrink wrapping of polytetrafluoroethylene (TEFLON.RTM.). The body is formed to contain the power supply, preferably a plurality of batteries, and a spool of communication wire that connects to a data processing computer external to the piping system.

  11. On the rate of approximation in finite-alphabet longest increasing subsequence problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houdre, Christian; Talata, Zsolt

    2012-09-05

    =1 ?rB˜r (jr n ) ,(4.4) APPROXIMATION RATE IN LIS PROBLEMS 11 we have for any ? > 0 P(|Ln/ ?pmax ? Jk|> 2?) (4.5) ? P(|Ln ? H˜n,k|> ? ?pmax) + P(|H˜n,k ? ?pmaxJk|> ? ?pmax). Using Lemmas 4.4 and 4.5 below, (4.5) can be upper bounded by 1 + (m? 1)2?2...max 2 ? ?pmax + exp ( ??? ?npmax 16(m? 1) )m?1? r=1 ( 1 + ?r ?n 1? |µr| ) (4.6) + 4(m? 1)n exp ( ??2npmax 8?2max(m? 1)2 ) . Now, from Proposition 3.1, |P(Ln/ ?pmax ? x)? P(Jk ? x)| ? P(|Ln/ ?pmax ? Jk| ? 2?) + P(x? 2?? Jk ? x+2?) ? 1 + (m? 1) 2?2max 2...

  12. On the Comparison of Different Number Systems in the Implementation of Complex FIR Filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nannarelli, Alberto

    A Residue Number System (RNS) is defined by a set of P relatively prime integers {m1, m2, . . . , mP } which identify the RNS base. Its dynamic range is given by the product M = m1 · m2 · . . . · mP . Any integer X {0, 1, 2, . . .M - 1} has a unique RNS rep- resentation given by: X RNS ( Xm1 , Xm2 , . . . , Xm

  13. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  14. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Annual Report 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LR Roeder

    2005-11-30

    This annual report describes the purpose and structure of the ARM Climate Research Facility and ARM Science programs and presents key accomplishments in 2006. Noteworthy scientific and infrastructure accomplishments in 2006 include: • Collaborating with the Australian Bureau of Meteorology to lead the Tropical Warm Pool-International Cloud Experiment, a major international field campaign held in Darwin, Australia • Successfully deploying the ARM Mobile Facility in Niger, Africa • Developing the new ARM Aerial Vehicles Program (AVP) to provide airborne measurements • Publishing a new finding on the impacts of aerosols on surface energy budget in polar latitudes • Mitigating a long-standing double-Intertropical Convergence Zone problem in climate models using ARM data and a new cumulus parameterization scheme.

  15. Management of oil pollution of natural resources in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikporukpo, C.O.

    1985-04-01

    Oil spillages are prominent features of petroleum exploitation in Nigeria. For instance, within the decade 1970-1980, the country experienced 18 major spills. Oil pollution adversely affects the water and soil resources of the petroleum-producing Niger Delta. There have been attempts to manage the increasing menace of oil spills, and two strategies may be identified. These are the legislative and the project implementation approaches. The first approach relies on preventative laws, while the second, more or less curative, depends on the implementation of projects for the monitoring, control, and clearance of spilled oil. There are various problems in the effective operation of both strategies, and the persistence of spills, many of them avoidable, tends to indicate lapses in the management attempts. 12 references, 4 tables.

  16. Oyo-first field Deepwater Nigeria?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lilletveit, R.; Nelson, L. [The Statoil and BP Alliance, Stavanger (Norway); Osahon, G. [Allied Energy Resources (Nig) Ltd., Lagos (Nigeria)

    1996-08-01

    The Oyo-1 well was drilled in 3Q95 in OPL 210. The partners in the block are Allied Energy (Operator) and the Statoil and BP Alliance. This well was the first well drilled in Deepwater Nigeria and is a reported hydrocarbon discovery. Although the well was within the Niger Delta depositional system, the deepwater play types drilled were quite different than anything previously tested on the Nigerian shelf or onshore. One year on, some of the questions to be asked are: (1) What did Oyo-1 discover? (2) What has been done to establish the commerciality, or otherwise, of the hydrocarbon pools encountered? (3) What impact does this discovery have on other prospects identified in the deepwater area? The answer to these questions will help to identify whether a new hydrocarbon province in the deepwater Nigeria area can be developed, or not.

  17. i1j1K011 CiiHTAKT1'!!iI1 11 CEMAl!Tlt'H Ul Bi'D.3KI1 ME:tllY CY!JEPfiHTYI1W1OHI1C1"KYl1'E H MHor03HAlJmHE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goranko, Valentin

    rules o f infe Te~ (see [6JJ ': Ax i ont5 : (J) ') (.1J") (]J;) ( R ) (C,) CUr) for i,ti=:l, ...· m- 1

  18. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    conditioning, series compensation, phase shifting, voltage balancing, fuel cell and photovoltaic utility systems interfacing, etc. The new M-level inverter consists of (M-1)2...

  19. A multilevel voltage-source inverter with separate dc sources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    conditioning, series compensation, phase shifting, voltage balancing, fuel cell and photovoltaic utility systems interfacing, etc. The new M-level inverter consists of (M-1)2...

  20. Deriving Atmospheric Density Estimates Using Satellite Precision Orbit Ephemerides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiatt, Andrew Timothy

    2009-01-01

    due to atmospheric drag m/s2 ap geomagnetic 3-hourly planetary equivalent amplitude index gamma, Telsa, or kg s m-1 A satellite cross-sectional area m2 Ap geomagnetic daily planetary amplitude index gamma, Telsa, or kg s m-1 B B? estimated... due to atmospheric drag m/s2 ap geomagnetic 3-hourly planetary equivalent amplitude index gamma, Telsa, or kg s m-1 A satellite cross-sectional area m2 Ap geomagnetic daily planetary amplitude index gamma, Telsa, or kg s m-1 B B? estimated...

  1. Nanoscale coherent intergrowths in a crystal ofLa?.?Ca?...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    1 ; Tranquada, John M. 1 ; Billinge, Simon J. L. 2 + Show Author Affiliations Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States) Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL),...

  2. Investigation into Utrafast Dynamics of Organometallic Compounds with Transient Resonance Infrared Spectroscopy and Growing String

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, Jacob Peter

    2012-01-01

    see Section 2.1.4), and periscope before arriving at theeffective FL=10.16 cm Periscope assembly with M1 C-axis cut

  3. Supplementary Information Retargeting pre-existing human antibodies to a bacterial pathogen with an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    strain carrying the M1 protein gene in trans on a plasmid [3] was grown in THB, 2 µg/mL erythromycin (Erm

  4. Building Noetherian and non-Noetherian integral domains using ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... the National Science Foundation and the National Security Agency for sup- .... the definition and information on excellent rings see [M1, Chapter 13], [M2, ...

  5. Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding and Subset Entropy Inequalities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jinjing

    2013-05-29

    )L c?(U)H(XU |Sn1 , . . . , Snm)+ n m? ?=1 f?(?)H(S?)? n m? ?=1 f?(?)?(n)? (2.40) for any m = 1, . . . , L. In particular, let m = L, and note that for ? = 1 the optimal 16 solution to the linear program (2.19) is unique and is given by c... perfectly reconstruct the sources S1, . . . , S|U | no matter what the realization of U is. 7 Formally, an (n, (M1, . . . ,ML)) code is defined by a collection of L encoding functions: el : L? ?=1 Sn? ? {1, . . . ,Ml}, ?l = 1, . . . , L (2.1) and 2L...

  6. COMPARISON OF QUENCHED AND ANNEALED INVARIANCE PRINCIPLES FOR RANDOM CONDUCTANCE MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barlow, Martin T.

    of percolation see [BeB, MP, SS], and for the Random Conductance Model with µe i.i.d see [BP, M1, BD, ABDH

  7. The Unified Approach for Model Evaluation in Structural Equation Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pornprasertmanit, Sunthud

    2014-08-31

    hypothesized model M. The discrepancy (FM) between the two means and covariance matrices can be computed using Equation 1.1 (Kenny & McCoach, 2003): FM = tr { ? [?M] ?1 } ? log ? ? ?? [?M] ?1 ? ? ??N +[µ ?µM]? [?M]?1 [µ ?µM] , (1.1) where N is sample size. FM...- crepancy function is defined by Equation 1.2 (Browne & Cudeck, 1992; Satorra & Saris, 1985; Saris & Satorra, 1993): ?M = (N?1)FM. (1.2) That is, the discrepancy value can be calculated by dividing the chi-square value by sample size minus 1. Most fit...

  8. Poster Presentations -188 Poster III-43

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    , Daniel M. *1 , Conroy, John M. 2 , O'Leary, Timothy J. 3 , O'Leary, Dianne P. 1 1 University of Maryland

  9. Shifting Power in Sacramento: The Effects of Term Limits on Legislative Staff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Katerina L

    2011-01-01

    and Implications. Sacramento: California Senate Office ofRobinson: Shifting Power in Sacramento Price, Charles M.1 Shifting Power in Sacramento: The Effects of Term Limits

  10. Nanoscale characterization of the biomechanical properties of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    behavior of the sclera. We propose that PFQNM has significant potential in ocular biomechanics and biophysics research. Authors: Papi, M. 1 ; Paoletti, P. 2 ; Geraghty, B. ;...

  11. Using the Antenna Effect as a Spectroscopic Tool; Photophysics and Solution Thermodynamics of the Model Luminescent Hydroxypyridonate Complex [EuIII(3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO))]-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abergel, Rebecca J.

    2010-01-01

    the data for the reference quinine sulphate, the pink linereference quantum yield ?r. Quinine sulfate in 0.5 M (1.0 N)

  12. A [Cyclentetrakis(methylene)]tetrakis[2-hydroxybenzamide] Ligand That Complexes and Sensitizes Lanthanide(III) Ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Aleo, Anthony

    2010-01-01

    reference quantum yield ?r. Quinine sulfate in 0.5 M (1.0 N)were determined using quinine bisulfate in 1N sulphuric acid

  13. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (United States) (1) Lindenberg, Aaron M. (1) Luo, Liang (1) Patz, Aaron (1) Philip Wong, H.-S. Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California...

  14. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States) (1) Lindenberg, Aaron M. (1) Philip Wong, H.-S. Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California...

  15. Conference on Physics with Large Gamma-Ray Detector Arrays, Volume II Proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawler editor, G.

    2010-01-01

    Ray Detector Arrays, Chalk River 1992, AECL-10613, p.403 [7]California 95616, USA; Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories,4M1, Canada $AECL Research, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk

  16. : Problem Set 1 Useful Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronis, David M.

    Avogadro´s Number = 6. 022169 × 1023 1atm = 1. 01325 × 105 J/m3 Geometric Series: M i=0 xi = (1 - xM+1

  17. Chemistry 365: Quiz I Useful Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronis, David M.

    Avogadro´s Number = 6. 022169 × 1023 1atm = 1. 01325 × 105 J/m3 Geometric Series: M i=0 xi = (1 - xM+1

  18. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude oil imports costs -- See "Sources" from Table 24. Refiner acquisition costs -- Energy Information Administration, Form FEA-P110-M-1, "Refiners' Monthly Cost Allocation...

  19. Erratum: "Sensitivity of the interpretation of the experimental...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    abstract prepared. Authors: Stacey, W. M. 1 + Show Author Affiliations Georgia Tech Fusion Research Center, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States) Georgia Tech Fusion Research...

  20. 2.1E Supplement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkelmann, F.C.

    2010-01-01

    ECONOMICS LITCHG = = ELECTRICTY = M2 MONTH—CHGS ENERGY—CHGElectric rate (not lights) ELECTRICTY M1 $ Default meter E N

  1. Spectroscopy of charmed baryons from lattice QCD (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    well as spin-orbit coupling, are considered and those are also compared against similar energy splittings at other quark masses. Authors: Padmanath, M. 1 ; Edwards, Robert G....

  2. A variant of Wiener's attack on RSA Andrej Dujella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    the form p q = rpm+1 ± spm rqm+1 ± sqm (3) for some m -1 and nonnegative integers r and s such that rs

  3. Oberwolfach Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach gGmbH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if there is a contac- tomorphism (M1, 1) (M2, 2) carrying L1 to L2. Here the contact structures are understood

  4. Using the Noninteracting Cluster Theory to Predict the Properties of Real Vapor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

    in equilibrium: z j m 1 . The equation of state of a vapor in equilibrium is given by Dalton's law for an ideal

  5. Bulk metallic glasses and their composites : composition optimization, thermal stability, and microstructural tunability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khalifa, Hesham Ezzat

    2009-01-01

    fracture toughness because preferential nucleation of the ductilefracture toughness values of less than 2 MPa*m 1/2 . Outlook for ductile

  6. Targeted polypeptide degradation (Patent) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    localization andor polypeptide degradation. The invention also provides research tools for the study of protein function. Authors: Church, George M. 1 ; Janse, Daniel M....

  7. 03-049(e) M002A06010004 rock check dam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .21 0.529 Acres 03-049(e) SIGMA ENIWETOK STORAX CRAY MANIAC Mortandad Canyon MAP: M002A-13-0006-12-M1

  8. Challenges in Whole-Genome Annotation of Pyrosequenced Eukaryotic Genomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuo, Alan; Grigoriev, Igor

    2009-04-17

    Pyrosequencing technologies such as 454/Roche and Solexa/Illumina vastly lower the cost of nucleotide sequencing compared to the traditional Sanger method, and thus promise to greatly expand the number of sequenced eukaryotic genomes. However, the new technologies also bring new challenges such as shorter reads and new kinds and higher rates of sequencing errors, which complicate genome assembly and gene prediction. At JGI we are deploying 454 technology for the sequencing and assembly of ever-larger eukaryotic genomes. Here we describe our first whole-genome annotation of a purely 454-sequenced fungal genome that is larger than a yeast (>30 Mbp). The pezizomycotine (filamentous ascomycote) Aspergillus carbonarius belongs to the Aspergillus section Nigri species complex, members of which are significant as platforms for bioenergy and bioindustrial technology, as members of soil microbial communities and players in the global carbon cycle, and as agricultural toxigens. Application of a modified version of the standard JGI Annotation Pipeline has so far predicted ~;;10k genes. ~;;12percent of these preliminary annotations suffer a potential frameshift error, which is somewhat higher than the ~;;9percent rate in the Sanger-sequenced and conventionally assembled and annotated genome of fellow Aspergillus section Nigri member A. niger. Also,>90percent of A. niger genes have potential homologs in the A. carbonarius preliminary annotation. Weconclude, and with further annotation and comparative analysis expect to confirm, that 454 sequencing strategies provide a promising substrate for annotation of modestly sized eukaryotic genomes. We will also present results of annotation of a number of other pyrosequenced fungal genomes of bioenergy interest.

  9. Campus de Chtenay-Malabry Grande Voie des Vignes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paragios, Nikos

    of the Teacher responsible for the specific Master and on agreement of the examining board, and lastly depending Académique 2015-16 INSCRIPTION en MASTER REGISTRATION in MASTER 1 ­ Conditions 1 ­ Terms and Conditions ·1ère année de Master (M1) · 1st year Master (M1) Les élèves Ingénieurs préparant leur 1ère année d

  10. Mina de Malfois and the Charitable Impulse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-08-16

    for the function of the neurotransmitter-binding ECD in nAChRs. The features of M1 that are essential for ECD function, however, are not fully known. M1 sequences from ionotropic serotonin (5HT3A) and from ?4, ?2, and ?7 nAChR subunits are similar but behave...

  11. Constant Temperature Constrained Molecular Dynamics: The Newton-Euler Inverse Mass Operator Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    the calculation of M -1 in (2) involves a computational cost scaling as N 3. Since the other parts of the calculation generally scale linearly in N, calculation of M -1 can become the dominant cost in the dynamics also examined the optimum mass, Q, determining the time scale (s) for exchange of energy with the heat

  12. Internal Tides and Turbulence along the 3000-m Isobath of the Hawaiian Ridge CRAIG M. LEE,* ERIC KUNZE, THOMAS B. SANFORD,* JONATHAN D. NASH,# MARK A. MERRIFIELD,@

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasubramanian, Ravi

    of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii &School of Geography and Oceanography, Australian Defence Force Academy, 17 2.5 kW m 1 from Kauai Channel west of Oahu, and 13 3.5 kW m 1 from west of Nihoa Island. Weaker

  13. Chem 3322 test #3 formula sheet I want complete, detailed answers to the questions. Show all your work to get full credit.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Steven O.

    Name: Chem 3322 test #3 formula sheet I want complete, detailed answers to the questions. Show all is the reduced mass. reduced mass formula: µ = m1m2/(m1 + m2) energy levels of the harmonic oscillator: En = (n

  14. Google:[Leonid Zakharov] http://w3.pppl.gov/~zakharov How far is magnetic fusion from being

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    .2) Monetary value of electricity Cel kg = 6.29 3 Ccost of electricity 0.04 CDT electricity 0.33 · 106 [$ ] $2M, (1.3) and the cost of tritium (2003) CT kg $30M. (1.4) Consumption of 1 kg of T per m2

  15. APPLIED ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY Appl. Organometal. Chem. 2004; 18: 676683 Main Group Metal Compounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, William J.

    APPLIED ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY Appl. Organometal. Chem. 2004; 18: 676­683 Main Group MetalMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1, Canada Received 8 February 2004; Revised 19Master University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1, Canada. E-mail: leigh@mcmaster.ca Based on work

  16. About the extensional collapse of Rel Thomas Ehrhard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehrhard, Thomas - Laboratoire Preuves, Programmes et Systèmes, Université Paris 7

    of coherence in the qualitative setting as well and to replace finite cliques by finite sets) pE = {(m1 + · · · + mn, [m1, . . . , mn]) | n N and i mi Mfin(E)} (digging) wE = {([], )} Rel

  17. The FASEB Journal Research Communication Tracing the evolutionary history of the pandemic group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    , USA; ¶ Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt A Streptococcus (GAS) M1T1 clone, first detected in the mid-1980s in the United States, has since dissem- inated Organization strain collection of serotype M1 GAS and reconstructed its phylogeny based on the analysis of core

  18. Carte des Masters CentraleSuplec / Universit Paris-Saclay From 2015, CentraleSuplec will propose a new Master program in the framework of the new University Paris Saclay.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paragios, Nikos

    hichem.dammak@ecp.fr Nuclear Energy · M1NuclearEnergy · M2Operation · M2Decommissioning&Waste Management lines of research, in keeping with the changing needs of its academic and industrial partners. Economics.legall@ecp.fr Industrial Engineering · M1IndustrialEngineering · M2DesignEngineering · M2OptimizationofIndustrial &Logistic

  19. Homo-and Cross-[2+2]-Cycloaddition of 1,1-Diphenylsilene and 1,1-Diphenylgermene. Absolute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, William J.

    , McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4M1 Canada Received June 10, 1999 always rela- tively facile and occurs at rates in excess of ca. 107 M-1 s-1 in derivatives bearing simple.1,2 The head-to-head regiochemistry is common with derivatives bearing sterically bulky substituents

  20. Review article Induced seismicity and hydraulic fracturing for the recovery of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    Review article Induced seismicity and hydraulic fracturing for the recovery of hydrocarbons Richard mining (M 1.0e5.2); (h) geothermal operations (M 1.0e4.6) and (i) hydraulic fracturing for recovery seismicity occurs due to a reduction in effective stress on fault planes. Hydraulic fracturing operations can

  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    to observe the heating/CD effectiveness in sustaining the plasma current. Starting with 250 kA at tflattop = 40 ms. A k|| = 14 m-1 heating phasing will be used first, and then k|| = 10 m-1 co-CD, heating, and cntr-CD. Advantage will be taken of the RF voltage-power control to reduce the injected power

  2. Subsonic wing design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruiz, Hildebrando Argeo

    1986-01-01

    for the reference section. Thus, j (m-I)/2 F = 0, and Ot 0 = ~ (a ? - 2a ? sin f?) Gng (20) n= Substituting this equation into Equation (19) yields a set of (m-1)/2 simultaneous equations which are solved for the (m-1)/2 unknown basic loads. These equations are...

  3. The Sun as a Star Internal Structure and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Sun as a Star Internal Structure and Evolution Simon Jeffery, Armagh Observatory Monday, 17 Models · Equations of Stellar Evolution · Future of the Sun Monday, 17 September 12 #12;1. Properties, He and other elements t age The Sun M = 1 M = 1.99 1030 kg R = 1 R = 6.96 108 m L = 1 L = 3.86 1026 W

  4. MT3522 Knot Theory Solutions 4 1. (i) The closure of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Grant

    molecule. O 1 :unknot O 2 :split unlink or opposite matched M 1 :pos trefoil M 2 :pos Hopf link or 3 #12; or opposite O 1 O 2 :pos trefoil :pos Hopf link :unknot or matched M 2 :split unlink M 1 opposite 2 or O 1 O

  5. Paper Presented at International Instrumentation Symposium PNNL-SA-35920 Embedded Health Monitoring Workshop, May 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the gas turbine engine used on the M1 Abrams tank. Research was performed on methods for real time Monitoring (PHM) system for the gas turbine engine used on the M1 Abrams tank. The purpose of this paper Scientist Senior Research Engineer Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Pacific Northwest National

  6. LINGUISTIC ISSUES developed for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demurjian, Steven A.

    Shaw & Garland, Chap. 7 ffl Problem: S/W Architectures described informally 3 Typically, informalSensor Tolerance Sample 0,m 1 1 1 0,m 0,m 1 0,m Source: Object­Oriented Design, Coad/Yourdon, 1991. + 4 #12: An analogy ffl VHSIC Hardware Design Language (VHDL) is a computer language used to model very high speed

  7. Central limit theorem for a Stratonovich integral with Malliavin calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harnett, Daniel M.; Nualart, David

    2013-01-01

    (un) = ( ?q(u1n), . . . , ? q(udn) ) , for a sequence of Rd?valued symmetric functions un in D2q,2q(H?q). Suppose that the sequence Fn is bounded in L1(?,H) and that: (a) ? ujn, ?m `=1(D a`F j`n )? h ? H?q converges to zero in L 1(?) for all integers 1 ? j, j... assume t1 = 0 with t2 ? T . For each b we can write E [( ?Dbga? 2 H?2+b ) p 2 ] = E ? ? ? ? ? ? ? bnt22 c? `,m=1 f (a+b)(W 2`?1 n )f (a+b)(W 2m?1 n ) ? ??b2`?1 n , ??b2m?1 n ? H?b ? ??22`?1 n ? ??22`?2 n , ??22m?1 n ? ??22m?2 n ? H?2 ? ? ? p 2 ? ? ? ? ? E...

  8. Methods and energy storage devices utilizing electrolytes having surface-smoothing additives

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xu, Wu; Zhang, Jiguang; Graff, Gordon L; Chen, Xilin; Ding, Fei

    2015-11-12

    Electrodeposition and energy storage devices utilizing an electrolyte having a surface-smoothing additive can result in self-healing, instead of self-amplification, of initial protuberant tips that give rise to roughness and/or dendrite formation on the substrate and anode surface. For electrodeposition of a first metal (M1) on a substrate or anode from one or more cations of M1 in an electrolyte solution, the electrolyte solution is characterized by a surface-smoothing additive containing cations of a second metal (M2), wherein cations of M2 have an effective electrochemical reduction potential in the solution lower than that of the cations of M1.

  9. COMPUTATION OF COVARIANCE MATRICES FOR CONSTRAINED PARAMETER ESTIMATION PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    f1(x) 2 2 s.t. f2(x) = 0, (1.1) where f1(x) is a vector of weighted residuals for a model of the form i = M(xtrue, ti) + i, i = 1, . . . , m1. (1.2) Thus, f1(x) = (1 - M(x, t1))/ ... (m1 - M(x, tm1 ))/ , f1(x) 2 2 := m1 i=1 (i - M(x, ti))2 2 . (1.3) The model M(x, t) R that describes the parameter

  10. Notes on Kernel Fisher Discriminant 23rd October 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangarajan, Anand

    dimensional space, x i becomes #8;(x i ). We now consider solutions for w of the form w = P N r=1 #11; r #8;(x r ). After using this expression for w; w T m 1 = N X r=1 #11; r #8;(x r ) #1; 1 N 1 X i2C 1 #8;(x i . Using this definition, we may write w T SBw = #11; T (M 2 M 1 )(M 2 M 1 ) T #11;: (2) Now w T #8;(x) = N

  11. Carcinogen induced inflammation and pancreatic cancer INTRODUCT ION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korhonen, Anna

    Da Figure 5. Calcineurin was activated by Trichloropropane(TCP), Chlorendic acid (CA) and Benzyl acetate (BA acetate 500 M + KN62 100 nM ATP 200 M 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 0.0 Benzyl acetate 200 M ATP 200 M 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 ATP 500 M Trichloropropane 250 M 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 0.0 Chlorendic acid 100 M ATP 200 M 0.0 1.0 2.0 3

  12. BoseEinstein Condensation in the Large Deviations Regime with Applications to Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merhav, Neri

    Bose­Einstein Condensation in the Large Deviations Regime with Applications to Information System(U) = lim M " - 1 M log Pr ( X i ni MU )# may exhibit phase transitions ­ Bose­Einstein condensation (BEC

  13. Learning an Efficient Model of Hand Shape Variation from Depth Images Supplementary Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    ) 2 = K k=2 M m=1 nN (m) (vn - vm) 2 + B b=1 mCb (vm - lb) - R b(vm - lb) 2 + K k=2 B b=1 mCb (vm - lb

  14. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Gibbons, Sean M. (1) Gilbert, Jack A. (1) Hampton-Marcell, Jarrad T. (1) Lax, Simon (1) Smith, Daniel (1) Save Results Excel (limit 2000) CSV (limit 5000) XML (limit 5000) Have...

  15. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Shawn M (1) Spalding, Edgar P (1) de Leon, Natalia (1) Save Results Excel (limit 2000) CSV (limit 5000) XML (limit 5000) Have feedback or suggestions for a way to improve...

  16. Cryptographie et algorithmique pour la Clement PERNET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pernet, Clément

    ;Modes de chiffrement CFB: Cipher Feedback m1 IV=c0 c 1 K E K E K E c 2 c r mr m2 ... ... ci = mi EK (ci

  17. Mechanisms and Scales of Langmuir Circula5ons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, William R.

    .2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Growth Rate of Unstable Modes Cross-wind Wavenumer (l) GrowthRate() m=1 m=2 Conclusion

  18. Atomic-Scale Observations Aid Mesoscale Catalyst Design | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Characterization Atomic-Scale Observations Aid Mesoscale Catalyst Design April 08, 2015 Fig.1. Z-contrast STEM image shows the Mo-V-Te-Ta oxide catalyst. (a) "M1-like"...

  19. The Landscape of Klamath Basin Rock Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Robert James

    2012-01-01

    Figure 22. Main rock art panel at QzM-1………………………………………………….31. Special Use Area rock art sites (map)………………………………………….Figure 32. Mod-17 rock art site within Modoc territory (

  20. Retooling Michigan: Tanks to Turbines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A company that has manufactured geared systems for the M1 Abrams tank for more than 20 years is now part of the forces working toward energy security and independence.

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SAND2015-0545 M (1)Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count The First Cost-Effective Solution for CO2 Capture (47...

  2. A SHARP STABILITY ESTIMATE IN TENSOR TOMOGRAPHY 1 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-03-26

    Mar 26, 2008 ... ?p(N)ijkl(x, ?)=2?. ?. SxM1 ?i?j?k?l?(? · ?)d?x(?), where ? · ? = ?i?i. This formula generalizes in an obvious way to tensors of any order. It.

  3. ARM - Instrument - mplcmask

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 retired TMP M1 Browse Data U. of Helsinki Research Station (SMEAR II), Hyytiala, Finland; AMF2 retired Originating instrument has been retired at this location...

  4. Jul Aug Sep Nov Dec Apr May Jun Begin Residency Training as M.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yan

    Jul Aug Sep Nov Dec Apr May Jun First Year Second Year Third Year Fourth Year Begin Residency Longitudinal Scholars Program - Longitudinal(M1-M4 year, beginning with the Class of 2016) Senior Clerkship JI

  5. Greg Hammett Imperial College, London & Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Greg

    Corona & Wind Gyrokinetic Simulations Needed & In Progress #12;MHD Turbulence in Astrophysical Plasmas Medium Power Spectrum Of Electron Density Fluctuations Wavenumber (m-1) Power law over ~ 12 orders more & more nonlinear Hypothesize "critical balance": linear time ~ nonlinear time Anisotropic

  6. Applying a global optimisation algorithm to Fund of Hedge Funds ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rthapar

    2009-09-01

    Aug 1, 2009 ... The search space is sampled using a probability distribution ... temperature to decrease defects, thus minimising the system energy [M1]. By ..... [MSRY] L Mitra, X Sun, D Roman, G Mitra & K Yu, Mixture distribution scenarios.

  7. CX-012096: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    M1 a and b Habitat Enhancement Project, Site 300 CX(s) Applied: B1.20 Date: 06/19/2013 Location(s): California Offices(s): Lawrence Livermore Site Office

  8. Phylogeny and adaptive evolution of the brain-development gene microcephalin (MCPH1) in cetaceans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGowen, Michael R; Montgomery, Stephen H; Clark, Clay; Gatesy, John

    2011-01-01

    positive selection (p > 0.95, BEB) M1a v. M2a: df = 2, -A Bayes Empirical Bayes (BEB) analysis was implemented tohigh probabilities (?0.95 in BEB analysis) of belonging to

  9. , 2004, 30, . 21 12 E-mail: http://www.pnpi.spb.ru/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titov, Anatoly

    , 2004, 30, . 21 12 02 © .. , .. , .. , .. , .. .- . .. E-mail: http://www.pnpi.spb.ru/ 22 2004 . P- . , P- - . , P- , , 1% 1-. (400 ÷ 4000) Gs , P- . , M1-1 . 1 . . , 2004, 30, . 21 #12

  10. E cient Approximation of General Product Distributions Guy Eveny Oded Goldreichz Michael Lubyx Noam Nisan{ Boban Velickovic k

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    by a n-by-m probability matrix Pn;m = fpi;v : i 2 f1;:::;ng;v 2 f0;:::;m 1gg, which is a matrix of non

  11. E cient Approximation of Product Distributions Guy Eveny Oded Goldreichz Michael Lubyx Noam Nisan{ Boban Velickovic k

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    by a n-by-m probability matrix Pn;m = fpi;v : i 2 f1;:::;ng;v 2 f0;:::;m 1gg, which is a matrix of non

  12. Master Program `Software Engineering for Embedded Systems'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Karsten

    Modules Master Program `Software Engineering for Embedded Systems' November 2014 #12;1 Table............................................................................................................................ 4 B-M.1 ­ SOFTWARE ENGINEERING INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 15 E-M.3 - SOFTWARE PRODUCT LINE ENGINEERING

  13. How to Reduce Power in 3D IC Designs: A Case Study with OpenSPARC T2 Core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sung Kyu

    pad (M1) TSV landing pad (M9) lsu tlu ifu_ibu pmu pku ifu_ftu lsu fgu exu0 pmu pku ifu_ibu exu1 exu0

  14. Microsoft Word - Armenian Cookbook.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    January 24, 2013 Chez Leon 10:30 a.m - 1 p.m. Pauline Berberian, organizer and recipe source, assisted by Susan Kayser, Rose Moore and Mady Newfield 1 Appetizers and Salads...

  15. DOE Wind Program Presentations and Posters at AWEA Offshore WINDPOWER...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Dessert Reception Featuring Posters 12:45 p.m.-1:30 p.m. Location: Ballroom III Aaron Smith, Technical Analyst, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), 2015 Offshore Wind...

  16. Roswell International Air Center Airport (ROW) Pavement Condition and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cal, Mark P.

    Roswell International Air Center Airport (ROW) Pavement Condition and Analysis Submitted to: Jane M ................................................1. Conditions at Roswell International Air Center (ROW) 4 .................................Figure 1. Geographic Location of Roswell International Air Center (ROW) 4 ..............................Table 1

  17. Jefferson Lab Activities Group Invites Young and Not-So-Young...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Holiday Events Holiday Party on Dec. 12 for Jefferson Lab Children and the Young at Heart The JAG Holiday Party is scheduled for Saturday, Dec. 12, 10 a.m.-1 p.m. in the CEBAF...

  18. RIS-M-2235 LIMIT CYCLE BEHAVIOUR OF THE BUMP-ON-TAIL AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .E.M. Janssenx Department of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven and final steady state, e.g. a) the m - 1 kink modes in a sharp boundary plasma pinch , and b) the g * B

  19. An extended abstract of this paper appears in Moni Naor, editor, Advances in Cryptology --EURO CRYPT 2007, volume 4515 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 573--590, SpringerVerlag,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cedex 05 4 University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia Abstract We study an adaptive variantâ??epeau and Robert [BCR87] is deceptively simple: there is a sender S with messages M 1 , . . . , MN and a receiver R

  20. Lateral Mixing Experiment CruiseLog-v2.doc (6/27/11) 1-21 June 2011 on R/V Cape Hatteras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Stephen

    ) (it appears that this file was overwritten later so used .m1 file to show Jim and Eric) Do cast to 200 hammer and screwdrivers. Could not remove bolts holding the clutch plate. Ended up just scrapping off

  1. Framework for Assessing Viability of Threatened and Endangered Chinook Salmon and Steelhead in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    Administration Robert S. Schick, National Oceanic andFishery Bulletin Lindley ST, Schick RS, Agrawal A, Goslin M,1, Article 2. Lindley ST, Schick RS, May B, Anderson JJ,

  2. Remote monitoring of a model levee constructed on soft peaty organic soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reinert, Edward T; Lemke, John; Stewart, Jonathan P; Brandenberg, Scott J

    2013-01-01

    of the model levee. MEMS sensor readings were recorded at 10is not measured by the MEMS sensors, but could conceivablySystems (MEMS) accelerometer sensors spaced 0.30m (1 ft)

  3. An indoorâ??outdoor building energy simulator to study urban modification effects on building energy use â?? Model description and validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda; Kleissl, Jan

    2012-01-01

    and  Applications of Radiation Heat Transfer, HTD?Vol.  72, heat transfer due to convection, longwave and shortwave radiationheat transfer coefficient effective thermal conductivity (W m -1 K -1 ) L longwave radiation (

  4. LWR NUCLEAR FUEL BUNDLE DATA FOR USE IN FUEL BUNDLE HANDLING

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    LWR NUCLEAR FUEL BUNDLE DATA FOR USE IN FUEL BUNDLE HANDLING TOPICAL REPORT W. 8. Weihermilfer C. S. Allison Septem bet 1979 Work Performed, Under Contract EY-76-C- M - 1 8 3 0...

  5. Section J

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    M-1 Section J Appendix M Key Design, Licensing and Site Management M&O Milestone Chart Activity Planned Date Develop and Submit CD-2 (25%-30%) 082009 Submission of Construction...

  6. Raw Cotton Requirements of Textile Mills: Implications for Southwestern Cotton. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, James W. (James Wilson)

    1967-01-01

    ,Ar,NTO,WT,ST WTO ETO WT Ar, WT WT,Ga Ar,SE ETO ETO WT WT CS,R,CN CN CN CN W&F CS CS CS P CS. CN CB~ETO WT CS-CN Any WTO E,WT SLM-s SGO EM+ SGO+ SLM+ M-s SLM M-1s M-IS BG SLM-IS M-1s M-1s M-1s SLM SLM-IS SLM-1s SLM+ SLM...,300 32 Knitting yarn SLM+ 9,000 3 0 Knitting and weaving yarn LM M SLM 1,500 34 33 : I 1 Tufting yarn SLM SMls MIS 90,000 29 30 Weaving yam LM M LM+ 6,000 29 31 30 6.0 ' Rope and cordage M SMs 5,250 3 0 >.? 1 Denim and ticking LM+ 83,200 3 2 8...

  7. Software for Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (multigrid-data) smoother-maker smoother-name r m1 m2 p) .... a; abbr; acronym; address; applet; area; b; base; basefont; bdo; big; blockquote; body; br; button ...

  8. THE 2D BOUSSINESQ-NAVIER-STOKES EQUATIONS WITH LOGARITHMICALLY SUPERCRITICAL DISSIPATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jiahong

    such that r m(r) is non-increasing. This type of dissipation operator was introduced by Dabkowski, Kiselev. REGMI, L. TAO AND J. WU for P(||) = m( 1 || ) when P() satisfies the following conditions: (1) P

  9. The Standards Forum, September 2001

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7%0&("6* 93%255<342*<," ,5 YTV Y P.&(?(LLC; r H8 &F) &''(. YTVY CP.P?(LLB 9Q&''(;) ,01%"* (M"* 1%)&6* f* B'F* 76()6* 86'L)* "'&"'%* .("*...

  10. Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystal Supercrystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Enrico

    2010-01-01

    A. ; Weller, H. , Colloidal Crystals of Monodisperse FePtThe nucleation of 3D colloidal crystals occurred mostly at~ 39±3 KPa/m 1/2 gives colloidal crystal clay-like behavior.

  11. R-groups and Elliptic Representations for SL David Goldberg To ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-30-31

    We use this explicit description of the elements of R, and a theorem of Arthur [1], ..... Theorem 3.4. Suppose m1 = m2 = ... = mr. Let ? ? E2(M), and choose ?? ?.

  12. Single-step preparation and consolidation of reduced early-transition-metal oxide/metal n-type thermoelectric composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaultois, Michael W; Douglas, Jason E; Sparks, Taylor D; Seshadri, Ram

    2015-01-01

    oxide/metal n-type thermoelectric composites Michael W.here as interesting thermoelectric materials. Numerous2.5 W m ?1 K ?1 . Thermoelectric properties of these n-type

  13. A Double-Balanced Injection-Locked Frequency Divider for Tunable Dual-Phase Signal Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Hui

    with a single- balanced mixer and an LC tank filter (Fig. 1-b,c) . At large oscillation amplitude, assuming-in mixer and filter [5], [11], [12]. For example, a M1 M2 2@iv ddV @ov Mtail + - (a) )(Z M1 M2 tII injbias 2cos+ + -ov 1i 2i 21 iii -= (b) tII injbias 2cos+ )cos( += tVv oo )(Z- Nonlinearity LC tank ov i i

  14. 53-960606-CLN-01 TO: DISTRIBUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    = M0 + M1*x + ... M8*x 8 + M9*x 9 0.44985M0 0.00063316M1 -1.4558e-07M2 1.873e-11M3 -8.4803e-16M4 0.99847R An electrical analog model of the thermal behavior of the device was constructed as follows: #12;P for the device. Semi-log and linear curves showing a comparison between the response of the model

  15. Graphene quantum dots formed by a spatial modulation of the Dirac gap G. Giavaras1,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nori, Franco

    /2 f1 r exp i m -1 ,if2 r exp im , where m=0, 1,... is the angular momentum quantum number. The radial functions f1 and f2 satisfy V - E + f1 + U + d dr f2 = 0, 2 U - d dr f1 + V - E - f2 = 0, 3 with U= 2m-1 /2r to con- fined states.4,5 It is experimentally possible to engineer an energy gap in graphene's band

  16. Supplemental Proofs for the ICML 2010 paper: The Elastic Embedding algorithm for dimensionality reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreira-Perpiñán, Miguel Á.

    have the following. Corollary 1.2. If W- = 11T then: · n(L) [+ n - N, + n ], so corresponding = 1 2 N n,m=1 (w+ nm - ~w- nm)(xn - xm)(xn - xm)T = 0 and in particular tr (X(L+ - ~L- )XT ) = 1 2 N n,m=1 (w+ nm - ~w- nm) xn - xm 2 = 0. (4) Consider > 0 and assume that all points Y are distinct

  17. The N-body Problem I. Vectors and Basic Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Quidong

    of these two particles. -- Three major elements: (i) (The Law of Gravitation) The force from m1 acting on m2 major elements: (i) (The Law of Gravitation) The force from mj acting on mi is Fij = Gmimj(rj - ri + 0 = 2 u1 Ã? u2 = (6, -3, 6). II. The Two-body Problem Let m1, m2 be two gravitational particles lo

  18. CATEGORICAL GROTHENDIECK RINGS AND PICARD 1. The ring K(R) and the group Pic(R) 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    Pic(R) 1 2. Symmetric monoidal categories, K(C ), and Pic(C ) 2 3. The unit endomorphism ring R(C ) 5 4. Some examples of Grothendieck rings 6 1. The ring K(R) and the group Pic(R) We assume familiarity to be invertible if there is an R-module M-1 such that M R M-1 is isomorphic to R. Define the Picard group Pic

  19. Cortical Plasticity and Behavioral Recovery Following Focal Lesion to Primary Motor Cortex in Adult Rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishibe, Mariko

    2012-05-31

    ………………………………..…………42 Fig 10 Anatomical substrate for cortical motor map competition: convergence of corticospinal projections of M1………………………………………………………………………….……..43 Fig 11 Single-pellet reach and retrieval task………………………………………….………….44 CHAPTER TWO Fig 1... in inhibiting the inaccurate placing response (Barth et al., 1990). The M1/S1 rough mirror-image connectivity particularly plays a crucial role in the movements presumably necessary for single-pellet reach and retrieval task. Rats first locate a singly...

  20. Task 3 -- Pyrolysis of plastic waste. Semi-annual report, April 1--September 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ness, R.O.; Aulich, T.R.

    1997-09-01

    The Energy and Environmental Research Center is developing a technology for the thermal decomposition of high-organic-content, radionuclide-contaminated mixed wastes and spent (radioactive) ion-exchange resins from the nuclear power industry that will enable the separation and concentration of radionuclides as dry particulate solids and the generation of nonradioactive condensable and noncondensable gas products. Successful application of the technology will enable a significant volume reduction of radioactive waste and the production of an inexpensively disposable nonradioactive organic product. The project objective is to develop and demonstrate the commercial viability of a continuous thermal decomposition process that can fulfill the following requirements: separate radionuclides from radioactive waste streams containing a variety of types and levels of polymers, chlorinated species, and other organics, including rubber, oils, resins, and cellulosic-based materials; concentrate radionuclides in a homogeneous, dry particulate product that can be recovered, handled, and disposed of efficiently and safely; separate and recover any chlorine present (as PVC, chlorinated solvents, or inorganic chlorine) in the contaminated mixed-waste stream; and yield a nonradioactive, low-chlorine-content, condensable organic product that can be economically disposed. Progress is described.

  1. Precision Measurement of the Decay Rate of 7Be in Host Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Nir-El; G. Haquin; Z. Yungreiss; M. Hass; G. Goldring; S. K. Chamoli; B. S. Nara Singh; S. Lakshmi; U. Koester; N. Champault; A. Dorsival; G. Georgiev; V. N. Fedoseyev; B. A. Marsh; D. Schumann; G. Heidenreich; S. Teichmann

    2006-12-03

    A controlled and precise determination of the cross-sections of the fusion reactions 7Be(p,gamma)8B and 3He(4He,gamma)7Be, which play an important role in determining the solar neutrino flux, necessitates the knowledge of a precise value of the electron-capture half-life of 7Be. This half-life may depend on the material hosting the 7Be atoms via small modifications of the electron density around the 7Be nucleus. In this brief communication we report on the measurement of 7Be implanted in four materials: copper, aluminum, sapphire and PVC. The four results are consistent with a null host dependence within two standard deviations and their weighted average of 53.236(39)d agrees very well with the adopted value in the literature, 53.22(6)d. The present results may exhibit a slight (0.22%) increase of the half-life at room temperature for metals compared to insulators that requires further studies.

  2. ALARA plan for the Old Hydrofracture Facility tanks contents removal project at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Amendment 1 for Appendix B: Install flex-pipe on tank riser spools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-05-13

    This amendment to Appendix B contains the specific ALARA evaluations for installing flex-pipe on riser spools to accommodate ventilation duct connections to the north risers of each tank. The work will be a routine task that is part of the Equipment Installation and Mobilization phase of the project. The dose rates were estimated using the recent Radiological Surveillance Section radiological survey: SAAS-97-063S. Task B-6 has been added to the OHF Project ALARA review process to address a field decision to modify an approach to installing the tank ventilation system. The revised approach will incorporate 12-in. diameter, 36-in. long, stainless steel flex-pipe connected to each north riser spool to address the problem of pipe fitting multiple bends and turns expected with the 12-in. PVC duct. This improved approach will reduce the time necessary to install the duct system between the tanks and the ventilation skid. However, the task includes opening the 12-in. riser spool connections to replace the currently installed blind gaskets. Since a riser spool for each tank will be opened, there is a potential for significant personnel exposure and spread of contamination that will addressed through this ALARA review process.

  3. Intial performance from the NOvA surface prototype detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muether, M.; /Fermilab; ,

    2011-09-01

    NOvA, the NuMI Off-Axis {nu}{sub e} Appearance experiment, will study {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations characterized by the mixing angle {Theta}{sub 13}. Provided {Theta}{sub 13} is large enough, NOvA may ultimately determine the ordering of the neutrino masses and measure CP violation in neutrino oscillations. A complementary pair of detectors will be constructed {approx}14 mrad off beam axis to optimize the energy profile of the neutrinos. This system consists of a surface based 14 kTon liquid scintillator tracking volume located 810 km from the main injector source (NuMI) in Ash River, Minnesota and a smaller underground 222 Ton near detector at the Fermilab. The first neutrino signals at the Ash River Site are expected prior to the 2012 accelerator shutdown. In the meantime, a near detector surface prototype has been completed and neutrinos from two Fermilab sources have been observed using the same highly segmented PVC and liquid scintillator detector system that will be deployed in the full scale experiment. Design and initial performance characteristics of this prototype system are being fed back into the design for the full NOvA program.

  4. Particle-vibration coupling within covariant density functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Litvinova; P. Ring; V. Tselyaev

    2007-05-08

    Covariant density functional theory, which has so far been applied only within the framework of static and time dependent mean field theory is extended to include Particle-Vibration Coupling (PVC) in a consistent way. Starting from a conventional energy functional we calculate the low-lying collective vibrations in Relativistic Random Phase Approximation (RRPA) and construct an energy dependent self-energy for the Dyson equation. The resulting Bethe-Salpeter equation in the particle-hole ($ph$) channel is solved in the Time Blocking Approximation (TBA). No additional parameters are used and double counting is avoided by a proper subtraction method. The same energy functional, i.e. the same set of coupling constants, generates the Dirac-Hartree single-particle spectrum, the static part of the residual $ph$-interaction and the particle-phonon coupling vertices. Therefore a fully consistent description of nuclear excited states is developed. This method is applied for an investigation of damping phenomena in the spherical nuclei with closed shells $^{208}$Pb and $^{132}$Sn. Since the phonon coupling terms enrich the RRPA spectrum with a multitude of $ph\\otimes$phonon components a noticeable fragmentation of the giant resonances is found, which is in full agreement with experimental data and with results of the semi-phenomenological non-relativistic approach.

  5. Cleareye In-Ground and In-Concrete DIV Inspections: FY11 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braatz, Brett G.; Tedeschi, Jonathan R.; Denslow, Kayte M.; Morra, Marino; Knopik, Clint D.; Severtsen, Ronald H.; Jones, Anthony M.; Lechelt, Wayne M.; McMakin, Douglas L.; Good, Morris S.; Sorensen, Jerry B.; Hall, Thomas E.

    2012-01-23

    This report summarizes the results of a series of feasibility testing studies for in-ground and in-concrete imaging/detection technologies including radar imaging and acoustic time-of flight method. The objectives of this project are: (1) Design Information Verification (DIV) Tools for In-Concrete Inspections - To determine the feasibility of using holographic radar imaging (HRI), radar imaging, and acoustic time-of-flight (TOF) non-destructive evaluation technologies to detect, locate and identify pipes and voids embedded in standard-density and high-density concrete walls that typify those the IAEA will need to verify during field inspections; (2) DIV Tools for In-Ground Inspections - To determine the feasibility of using HRI and radar imaging non-destructive evaluation technologies to detect, locate, and identify objects buried at various depths made of various materials (metal, plastic, wood, and concrete) and representing geometries that typify those the IAEA will need to verify during field inspections; and (3) Based on the results of the studies, recommend the next steps needed to realize fieldable tools for in-concrete and in-ground inspections (including detection of deeply buried polyvinyl chloride [PVC] pipes) that employ the technologies shown to be feasible.

  6. Factors affecting degradation of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) during pre-flotation conditioning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caparanga, Alvin R. Basilia, Blessie A.; Dagbay, Kevin B.; Salvacion, Jonathan W.L.

    2009-09-15

    In general, plastics are exposed to different degrading agents in every procedure involved in their recovery from waste mixture and from subsequent recycling. In this study, two methods of pre-flotation conditioning were used to determine how these methods affect the general properties of the pre-conditioned PET particles to be recovered from the PET-PVC mixture. The first method comprised the conditioning of PET samples using an alkaline solution of nonionic surfactant (Triton X-100) based on the patent by the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company. The second method, developed in this study, was a conditioning process which used an alkali-less solution of the same nonionic surfactant (Triton X-100) used in the first method. The following analytical methods were used to characterize properties of the pre-conditioned PET samples that were correlated to relative degradation of the samples: differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), for thermal behavior of the samples; FT-IR spectroscopy, for functional groups present in the samples; and, Pohl's method, for carboxyl end-group concentration count. Results show that in addition to water the presence of NaOH in the conditioning solution contributes to the further degradation of the polymer.

  7. Studying the Internal Ballistics of a Combustion Driven Potato Cannon using High-speed Video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courtney, E D S

    2013-01-01

    A potato cannon was designed to accommodate several different experimental propellants and have a transparent barrel so the movement of the projectile could be recorded on high-speed video (at 2000 frames per second). Both combustion chamber and barrel were made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Five experimental propellants were tested: propane (C3H8), acetylene (C2H2), ethanol (C2H6O), methanol (CH4O), and butane (C4H10). The amount of each experimental propellant was calculated to approximate a stoichometric mixture and considering the Upper Flammability Limit (UFL) and the Lower Flammability Limit (LFL), which in turn were affected by the volume of the combustion chamber. Cylindrical projectiles were cut from raw potatoes so that there was an airtight fit, and each weighed 50 (+/- 0.5) grams. For each trial, position as a function of time was determined via frame by frame analysis. Five trials were taken for each experimental propellant and the results analyzed to compute velocity and acceleration as functions...

  8. Elemental characterization of LL-MA radioactive waste packages with the associated particle technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perot, B.; Carasco, C.; Toure, M.; El Kanawati, W.; Eleon, C.

    2011-07-01

    The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) are conducting an R and D program to improve the characterization of long-lived and medium activity (LL-MA) radioactive waste packages with analytical methods and with non-destructive nuclear measurements. This paper concerns fast neutron interrogation with the associated particle technique (APT), which brings 3D information about the waste material composition. The characterization of volume elements filled with iron, water, aluminium, and PVC in bituminized and fibre concrete LL-MA waste packages has been investigated with MCNP [1] and MODAR data analysis software [2]. APT provides usable information about major elements presents in the volumes of interest. However, neutron scattering on hydrogen nuclei spreads the tagged neutron beam out of the targeted volume towards surrounding materials, reducing spatial selectivity. Simulation shows that small less than 1 L targets can be characterised up to the half-radius of a 225 L bituminized drum, the matrix of which is very rich in hydrogen. Deeper characterization in concrete is possible but limited by counting statistics due to photon attenuation in this dense matrix and, unless large inspection volumes are considered, by the lack of spatial selectivity of the tagged neutron beam due to neutron scattering. (authors)

  9. Portable containment sleever apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rea, Michael J. (North Augusta, SC); Brown, Roger A. (North Augusta, SC)

    2000-01-01

    A sleever apparatus includes an inner member with a central passage through which an item to be sleeved is passed. An outer member surrounds the inner member and defines a space between the members for holding a supply of containment material, which is preferably plastic sleeving. The apparatus has a handle which allows a user to hold the apparatus and walk the apparatus along the length of the item to be sleeved. As the user passes the item through the sleever apparatus, the containment material exits through a slit at one end of the apparatus in order to contain the item. The sleever apparatus may be formed of disposable materials, such as cardboard, and may be intended for a single use application. Alternatively, the sleever apparatus may be comprised of more permanent materials such as PVC or fiberglass. The sleever apparatus may include a serrated end for cutting the containment material and may include appropriate tubing and valves for either directing an inert gas into the containment material around the item or for withdrawing air from within the containment material in order to create a vacuum. In one embodiment, the sleever apparatus has a cartridge that can be replaced with another cartridge once the supply of the containment material has been depleted.

  10. Task 3 - Pyrolysis of Plastic Waste. Semiannual report, November 1, 1996--March 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ness, Robert O.; Aulich, Ted R.

    1997-12-31

    Over the last 50 years, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has produced a wide variety of radioactive wastes from activities associated with nuclear defense and nuclear power generation. These wastes include low-level radioactive solid wastes, mixed wastes, and transuranic (TRU) wastes. A portion of these wastes consists of high- organic-content materials, such as resins, plastics, and other polymers; synthetic and natural rubbers; cellulosic-based materials; and oils, organic solvents, and chlorinated organic solvents. Many of these wastes contain hazardous and/or pyrophoric materials in addition to radioactive species. Physical forms of the waste include ion-exchange resins used to remove radioactive elements from nuclear reactor cooling water, lab equipment and tools (e.g., measurement and containment vessels, hoses, wrappings, equipment coverings and components, and countertops), oil products (e.g., vacuum pump and lubrication oils), bags and other storage containers (for liquids, solids, and gases), solvents, gloves, lab coats and anti-contamination clothing, and other items. Major polymer and chemical groups found in high-organic-content radioactive wastes include polyvinyl chloride (PVC), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polypropylene (PP), Teflon(TM), polystyrene (PS), nylon, latex, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), vinyl, high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polycarbonate, nitriles, Tygon(R), butyl, and Tyvec(R).

  11. Rapid estimate of solid volume in large tuff cores using a gas pycnometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thies, C.; Geddis, A.M.; Guzman, A.G.

    1996-09-01

    A thermally insulated, rigid-volume gas pycnometer system has been developed. The pycnometer chambers have been machined from solid PVC cylinders. Two chambers confine dry high-purity helium at different pressures. A thick-walled design ensures minimal heat exchange with the surrounding environment and a constant volume system, while expansion takes place between the chambers. The internal energy of the gas is assumed constant over the expansion. The ideal gas law is used to estimate the volume of solid material sealed in one of the chambers. Temperature is monitored continuously and incorporated into the calculation of solid volume. Temperature variation between measurements is less than 0.1{degrees}C. The data are used to compute grain density for oven-dried Apache Leap tuff core samples. The measured volume of solid and the sample bulk volume are used to estimate porosity and bulk density. Intrinsic permeability was estimated from the porosity and measured pore surface area and is compared to in-situ measurements by the air permeability method. The gas pycnometer accommodates large core samples (0.25 m length x 0.11 m diameter) and can measure solid volume greater than 2.20 cm{sup 3} with less than 1% error.

  12. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  13. Comparison of Simulated and Observed Continental Tropical Anvil Clouds and Their Radiative Heating Profiles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powell, Scott W.; Houze, R.; Kumar, Anil; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2012-09-06

    Vertically pointing millimeter-wavelength radar observations of anvil clouds extending from mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that pass over an Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) field site in Niamey, Niger, are compared to anvil structures generated by the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) mesoscale model using six different microphysical schemes. The radar data provide the statistical distribution of the radar reflectivity values as a function of height and anvil thickness. These statistics are compared to the statistics of the modeled anvil cloud reflectivity at all altitudes. Requiring the model to be statistically accurate at all altitudes is a stringent test of the model performance. The typical vertical profile of radiative heating in the anvil clouds is computed from the radar observations. Variability of anvil structures from the different microphysical schemes provides an estimate of the inherent uncertainty in anvil radiative heating profiles. All schemes underestimate the optical thickness of thin anvils and cirrus, resulting in a bias of excessive net anvil heating in all of the simulations.

  14. Atmospheric Properties from the 2006 Niamey Deployment and Climate Simulation with a Geodesic Grid Coupled Climate Model Fourth Quarter 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JH Mather; DA Randall; CJ Flynn

    2008-09-30

    In 2008, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Climate Change Prediction Program (CCPP) have been asked to produce joint science metrics. For CCPP, the metrics will deal with a decade-long control simulation using geodesic grid-coupled climate model. For ARM, the metrics will deal with observations associated with the 2006 deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to Niamey, Niger. Specifically, ARM has been asked to deliver data products for Niamey that describe cloud, aerosol, and dust properties. The first quarter milestone was the initial formulation of the algorithm for retrieval of these properties. The second quarter milestone included the time series of ARM-retrieved cloud properties and a year-long CCPP control simulation. The third quarter milestone included the time series of ARM-retrieved aerosol optical depth and a three-year CCPP control simulation. This final fourth quarter milestone includes the time-series of aerosol and dust properties and a decade-long CCPP control simulation.

  15. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Annual Report 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LR Roeder

    2007-12-01

    This annual report describes the purpose and structure of the program, and presents key accomplishments in 2007. Notable achievements include: • Successful review of the ACRF as a user facility by the DOE Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee. The subcommittee reinforced the importance of the scientific impacts of this facility, and its value for the international research community. • Leadership of the Cloud Land Surface Interaction Campaign. This multi-agency, interdisciplinary field campaign involved enhanced surface instrumentation at the ACRF Southern Great Plains site and, in concert with the Cumulus Humilis Aerosol Processing Study sponsored by the DOE Atmospheric Science Program, coordination of nine aircraft through the ARM Aerial Vehicles Program. • Successful deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility in Germany, including hosting nearly a dozen guest instruments and drawing almost 5000 visitors to the site. • Key advancements in the representation of radiative transfer in weather forecast models from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. • Development of several new enhanced data sets, ranging from best estimate surface radiation measurements from multiple sensors at all ACRF sites to the extension of time-height cloud occurrence profiles to Niamey, Niger, Africa. • Publication of three research papers in a single issue (February 2007) of the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

  16. Determination of the specific growth of molds on semi-solid cultures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrizalez, V.; Rodriguez, H.; Sardina, I.

    1981-02-01

    The determination of growth constants of Aspergillus niger were obtained for semisolid cultures on cassava flour, Manihot esculenta, as a sole carbon source. As a consequence, a technique was developed that consisted of the use of a packed-bed microfermentor with a working volume of 16 cubic centimetres. The bed consisted of gelatinized and granulated cassava flour containing material nutrients and mold spores. The carbon dioxide produced during the respiration was drawn off with a current of air and then absorbed in a solution of sodium hydroxide. The absorption of CO/sub 2/, P, was correlated with the specific growth rate mu by means of the equation P equals Kemut, where t is time and K is a constant. Ammonium nitrogen was used as a limiting substrate and its concentration was varied from 0.039 to 2.5% in dry base. The maximum growth rate, mu maximum, and the saturation constant, Ks, were 0.31/hour and 0.065 mmol (N/sub 4/)/sub 2/SO/sub 4//g total dry solids. The proposed method is highly recommended for the evaluation of the semisolid fermentation of molds and for strictly aerobic bacteria and yeasts. It can be used especially in the evaluation of the growth of microorganisms on peanut shells, coffee residues, sugar cane bagasse, and other agricultural wastes.

  17. Characterization of Vertical Velocity and Drop Size Distribution Parameters in Widespread Precipitation at ARM Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giangrande S. E.; Luke, E. P.; Kollias, P.

    2012-02-01

    Extended, high-resolution measurements of vertical air motion and median volume drop diameter D0 in widespread precipitation from three diverse Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) locations [Lamont, Oklahoma, Southern Great Plains site (SGP); Niamey, Niger; and Black Forest, Germany] are presented. The analysis indicates a weak (0-10 cm{sup -1}) downward air motion beneath the melting layer for all three regions, a magnitude that is to within the typical uncertainty of the retrieval methods. On average, the hourly estimated standard deviation of the vertical air motion is 0.25 m s{sup -1} with no pronounced vertical structure. Profiles of D0 vary according to region and rainfall rate. The standard deviation of 1-min-averaged D0 profiles for isolated rainfall rate intervals is 0.3-0.4 mm. Additional insights into the form of the raindrop size distribution are provided using available dual-frequency Doppler velocity observations at SGP. The analysis suggests that gamma functions better explain paired velocity observations and radar retrievals for the Oklahoma dataset. This study will be useful in assessing uncertainties introduced in the measurement of precipitation parameters from ground-based and spaceborne remote sensors that are due to small-scale variability.

  18. Ethnicity, petroeconomy, and national integration in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeri-Obidake, E.Z.

    1985-01-01

    Among several related phenomena, this study presents as its focal points the examination of some of the variables that influence and shape the structure of sociopolitical, cultural and socioeconomic relations in the course of national integration in Nigeria. The exploitation of petroleum resources since 1958 in the Niger Delta has largely influenced the course of the political as well as the socioeconomic development of Nigeria. Due to its rich petroleum resources, the Rivers territory ranked high in the political calculus of both the Federal Government and secessionist Biafra. The central thesis of this study is that oil is the single glue that has held the Federation of Nigeria together in the last two decades, and prevented it from being balkanized. This study attempts to put into perspective the various eruptions and episodes of secessionist tendencies and agitations in Nigeria. The ebb and flow of separatist agitations seem to reflect the changing geoeconomic, socioeconomic, and sociopolitical environment of the country. Should the petroeconomy collapse, and/or oil losses its significance in the international economy, what will happen to Nigeria as a nation. The present study points up the need to develop other sources of economic interdependence via the proper utilization of the enormous oil revenues before it is written off as a lost opportunity.

  19. The application of seismic stratigraphic methods on exploration 3D seismic data to define a reservoir model in OPL 210, Deepwater Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ragnhild, L.; Ventris, P. [Statoil and BP Alliance, Stavanger (Norway); Osahon, G. [Allied Energy Resources (Nig) Ltd., Lagos (Nigeria)

    1995-08-01

    OPL 210 lies in deepwater on the northwestern flank of the Niger Delta. The partners in this block are Allied Energy and The Statoil and BP Alliance. The license has a 5 year initial exploration phase and carries a 2 well commitment. At present the database comprises a 1 x 1 km grid of 2D seismic across the block, and 450 sq. km of 3D in an area of special interest. A larger 3D survey is planned for 1995. Little is known about the reservoir in the deep water, but we expect our main target to be ponded slope and basin turbidites. As such the bulk of the shelf well data available has little or no relevance to the play type likely to be encountered. Prior to drilling, seismic stratigraphy has been one of several methods used to generate a consistent predictive reservoir model. The excellent quality and high resolution of the 3D data have allowed identification and detailed description of several distinctive seismic facies. These facies are described in terms of their internal geometries and stacking patterns. The geometries are then interpreted based on a knowledge of depositional processes from analog slope settings. This enables a predictive model to be constructed for the distribution of reservoir within the observed facies. These predictions will be tested by one of the first wells drilled in the Nigerian deepwater in mid 1995.

  20. High-potential geothermal energy resource areas of Nigeria and their geologic and geophysical assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babalola, O.O.

    1984-04-01

    The widespread occurrence of geothermal manifestations in Nigeria is significant because the wide applicability and relative ease of exploitation of geothermal energy is of vital importance to an industrializing nation like Nigeria. There are two known geothermal resource areas (KGRAs) in Nigeria: the Ikogosi Warm Springs of Ondo State and the Wikki Warm Springs of Bauchi State. These surficial effusions result from the circulation of water to great depths through faults in the basement complex rocks of the area. Within sedimentary areas, high geothermal gradient trends are identified in the Lagos subbasin, the Okitipupa ridge, the Auchi-Agbede are of the Benin flank/hinge line, and the Abakaliki anticlinorium. The deeper Cretaceous and Tertiary sequences of the Niger delta are geopressured geothermal horizons. In the Benue foldbelt, extending from the Abalaliki anticlinorium to the Keana anticline and the Zambuk ridge, several magmatic intrusions emplaced during the Late Cretaceous line the axis of the Benue trough. Positive Bouguer gravity anomalies also parallel this trough and are interpreted to indicate shallow mantle. Parts of this belt and the Ikom, the Jos plateau, Bauchi plateau, and the Adamawa areas, experienced Cenozoic volcanism and magmatism.

  1. Enigmatic compressional structures in an extensional province: Eku field, OML 67, offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinones, M.; Evans, R. (Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States)); Alofe, K.; Onyeise, B. (Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria))

    1996-01-01

    Acquisition of 3-D seismic data over OML 67-70 and a detailed reservoir description study done on the Eku field, have allowed identification of previously unrecognized compressional features. Situated within a depocenter between arcuate normal growth faults, the Eku structure consists of a shale-cored anticlinal fold and fold-and-thrust separated by a zone of lateral displacement. The crests of the folds have been eroded at a major unconformity at the base of the Qua Iboe shale (Early Pliocene). In the absence of definitive biostratigraphic data, correlations among the various fault-blocks are based on the character of sedimentary packages and sequences on wireline logs. Combined with analysis of the geometry of faults and folds, the correlations support a description of pulsatory movement of folding and faulting, that ultimately culminated in extensional reactivation of earlier regional extension and the not coincident. The effect of the anticipated reservoir sections, and deformation, both compressional, was gravity-driven and on shale detachments. A working hypothesis to explain the disparity in direction of earlier extension and subsequent compression is that thermal expansion that accompanied formation of the Cameroon volcanic line to the east of the Niger Delta in Miocene time, caused a change in the direction of structuring, allowing downslope gravity-driven compression to be superimposed on pre-existing extensional features.

  2. Kinetic investigation of catalytic disproportionation of superoxide ions in the non-aqueous electrolyte used in Li-air batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Qiang [Univ. of Massachusetts at Boston, Boston, MA (United States); Yang, Xiao -Qing [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Zheng, Doug [Univ. of Massachusetts at Boston, Boston, MA (United States); McKinnon, Meaghan E. [Univ. of Massachusetts at Boston, Boston, MA (United States); Qu, Deyang [Univ. of Massachusetts at Boston, Boston, MA (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Superoxide reacts with carbonate solvents in Li–air batteries. Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane is found to catalyze a more rapid superoxide (O2-) disproportionation reaction than the reaction between superoxide and propylene carbonate (PC). With this catalysis, the negative impact of the reaction between the electrolyte and O2-produced by the O2 reduction can be minimized. A simple kinetic study using ESR spectroscopy was reported to determine reaction orders and rate constants for the reaction between PC and superoxide, and the disproportionation of superoxide catalyzed by Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane and Li ions. The reactions are found to be first order and the rate constants are 0.033 s-1 M-1, 0.020 s-1 M-1and 0.67 s-1M-1 for reactions with PC, Li ion and Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane, respectively.

  3. Interaction of influenza virus proteins with nucleosomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia-Robles, Inmaculada [EMBL Grenoble Outstation, BP 181, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Akarsu, Hatice [EMBL Grenoble Outstation, BP 181, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Laboratoire de Virologie Moleculaire et Structurale, EA 2939, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France); Mueller, Christoph W. [EMBL Grenoble Outstation, BP 181, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Ruigrok, Rob W.H. [EMBL Grenoble Outstation, BP 181, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Laboratoire de Virologie Moleculaire et Structurale, EA 2939, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France); Baudin, Florence [EMBL Grenoble Outstation, BP 181, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France) and Laboratoire de Virologie Moleculaire et Structurale, EA 2939, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France) and Institut de Biologie Structurale, UMR 5075 CEA-CNRS-UJF, 41 rue Jules Horowitz, 38027 Grenoble Cedex 1 (France)]. E-mail: baudin@embl-grenoble.fr

    2005-02-05

    During influenza virus infection, transcription and replication of the viral RNA take place in the cell nucleus. Directly after entry in the nucleus the viral ribonucleoproteins (RNPs, the viral subunits containing vRNA, nucleoprotein and the viral polymerase) are tightly associated with the nuclear matrix. Here, we have analysed the binding of RNPs, M1 and NS2/NEP proteins to purified nucleosomes, reconstituted histone octamers and purified single histones. RNPs and M1 both bind to the chromatin components but at two different sites, RNP to the histone tails and M1 to the globular domain of the histone octamer. NS2/NEP did not bind to nucleosomes at all. The possible consequences of these findings for nuclear release of newly made RNPs and for other processes during the infection cycle are discussed.

  4. A methodology of mathematical models with an application 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Richard Brian

    1972-01-01

    of one more occurrence of state S . Therefore SP33 qlP33 (3. 13) Now I m E q a q m ~ 0 + E q m~l 21 bgl + E q m 1 qi ~P33 ' 19 since Z q is a geometric series by (3. 13). From (3. i4) we have m 1 ql = ( - P33) ( - 21) Hence, m-1 33 24...~O From (2. 1) we see that ? n P R' (2. 2) A basic result of finite absorbing Markov chain theory is; THEOREN 2. 4. Suppose P is any transitional probability matrix for an absorbing Narkov chain. Then lim Q ~ 0. n n~~ PROOF. Case l. Q irreducible...

  5. Kinetic investigation of catalytic disproportionation of superoxide ions in the non-aqueous electrolyte used in Li-air batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Qiang; Yang, Xiao -Qing; Zheng, Doug; McKinnon, Meaghan E.; Qu, Deyang

    2014-10-28

    Superoxide reacts with carbonate solvents in Li–air batteries. Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane is found to catalyze a more rapid superoxide (O2-) disproportionation reaction than the reaction between superoxide and propylene carbonate (PC). With this catalysis, the negative impact of the reaction between the electrolyte and O2-produced by the O2 reduction can be minimized. A simple kinetic study using ESR spectroscopy was reported to determine reaction orders and rate constants for the reaction between PC and superoxide, and the disproportionation of superoxide catalyzed by Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane and Li ions. The reactions are found to be first order and the rate constants are 0.033 s-1 M-1,more »0.020 s-1 M-1and 0.67 s-1M-1 for reactions with PC, Li ion and Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane, respectively.« less

  6. On Parametric and Nonparametric Methods for Dependent Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Soutir

    2011-10-21

    parameter vector . Note that the function M( ) Mn( ) can be represented as M( ) = E ~ n( ) 2 + 2E h f ^n ~ n( )gf~ n( ) g i + E ^n ~ n( ) 2 M1( ) +M2( ) +M3( ); say. (II.1.4) The rst term M1( ) M1n( ) is the MSPE of the ideal... the true value of the parameter and let 0 = f 2 : k 0k 0g for some 0 2 (0;1). Suppose that ~ n 0 = op(1) as n!1 and that the following conditions hold: (A.1) There exists 2 (0; 1] such that (i) supfE 2 : 2 0g < 1, and (ii) < f (!) 1...

  7. $Q^2$ Dependence of Quadrupole Strength in the $?^*p\\to?^+(1232)\\to p ?^0$ Transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLAS Collaboration; K. Joo; L. C. Smith

    2002-02-11

    Models of baryon structure predict a small quadrupole deformation of the nucleon due to residual tensor forces between quarks or distortions from the pion cloud. Sensitivity to quark versus pion degrees of freedom occurs through the $Q^2$ dependence of the magnetic ($M_{1+}$), electric ($E_{1+}$), and scalar ($S_{1+}$) multipoles in the $\\gamma^* p \\to \\Delta^+ \\to p \\pi^0$ transition. We report new experimental values for the ratios $E_{1+}/M_{1+}$ and $S_{1+}/M_{1+}$ over the range $Q^2$= 0.4-1.8 GeV$^2$, extracted from precision $p(e,e 'p)\\pi^{\\circ}$ data using a truncated multipole expansion. Results are best described by recent unitary models in which the pion cloud plays a dominant role.

  8. Transition Rates between Mixed Symmetry States: First Measurement in 94Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Pietralla; C. Fransen; D. Belic; P. von Brentano; C. Friessner; U. Kneissl; A. Linnemann; A. Nord; H. H. Pitz; T. Otsuka; I. Schneider; V. Werner; I. Wiedenhover

    1999-07-21

    The nucleus 94Mo was investigated using a powerful combination of gamma-singles photon scattering experiments and gamma-gamma-coincidence studies following the beta-decay of 94mTc. The data survey short-lived J^pi=1+,2+ states and include branching ratios, E2/M1 mixing ratios, lifetimes, and transition strengths. The mixed-symmetry (MS) 1+ scissors mode and the 2+ MS state are identified from M1 strengths. A gamma transition between MS states was observed and its rate was measured. Nine M1 and E2 strengths involving MS states agree with the O(6) limit of the interacting boson model-2 using the proton boson E2 charge as the only free parameter.

  9. Scissors mode of Gd nuclei studied from resonance neutron capture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kroll, J.; Baramsai, B.; Becker, J. A.; and others

    2012-10-20

    Spectra of {gamma} rays following the neutron capture at isolated resonances of stable Gd nuclei were measured. The objectives were to get new information on photon strength of {sup 153,155-159}Gd with emphasis on the role of the M1 scissors-mode vibration. An analysis of the data obtained clearly indicates that the scissors mode is coupled not only to the ground state, but also to all excited levels of the nuclei studied. The specificity of our approach ensures unbiasedness in estimating the sumed scissors-mode strength {Sigma}B(M1){up_arrow}, even for odd product nuclei, for which conventional nuclear resonance fluorescence measurements yield only limited information. Our analysis indicates that for these nuclei the sum {Sigma}B(M1){up_arrow} increases with A and for {sup 157,159}Gd it is significantly higher compared to {sup 156,158}Gd.

  10. QRPA treatment of the transverse wobbling mode reconsidered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frauendorf, S

    2015-01-01

    The quasiparticle random phase approximation is used to study the properties of the wobbling bands in $^{163}$Lu. Assuming that the wobbling mode represents pure isoscalar orientation oscillations results in too low wobbling frequencies and too strong M1 transitions between the one- and zero-phonon wobbling bands. The inclusion of an LL interaction, which couples the wobbling mode to the scissors mode, generates the right upshift of the wobbling frequencies and the right suppression of the B(M1)$_{out}$ values toward the experimental values. In analogy to the quenching of low-energy E1 transition by coupling to the Isovector Giant Dipole Resonance, a general reduction of the M1 transitions between quasiparticle configurations caused by coupling to the scissors mode is suggested.

  11. QRPA treatment of the transverse wobbling mode reconsidered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Frauendorf; F. Doenau

    2015-09-27

    The quasiparticle random phase approximation is used to study the properties of the wobbling bands in $^{163}$Lu. Assuming that the wobbling mode represents pure isoscalar orientation oscillations results in too low wobbling frequencies and too strong M1 transitions between the one- and zero-phonon wobbling bands. The inclusion of an LL interaction, which couples the wobbling mode to the scissors mode, generates the right upshift of the wobbling frequencies and the right suppression of the B(M1)$_{out}$ values toward the experimental values. In analogy to the quenching of low-energy E1 transition by coupling to the Isovector Giant Dipole Resonance, a general reduction of the M1 transitions between quasiparticle configurations caused by coupling to the scissors mode is suggested.

  12. Kinetic investigation of catalytic disproportionation of superoxide ions in the non-aqueous electrolyte used in Li–air batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Qiang; Zheng, Dong; McKinnon, Meaghan E.; Yang, Xiao -Qing; Qu, Deyang

    2014-10-28

    Superoxide reacts with carbonate solvents in Li–air batteries. Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane is found to catalyze a more rapid superoxide (O2-) disproportionation reaction than the reaction between superoxide and propylene carbonate (PC). With this catalysis, the negative impact of the reaction between the electrolyte and O2-produced by the O2 reduction can be minimized. A simple kinetic study using ESR spectroscopy was reported to determine reaction orders and rate constants for the reaction between PC and superoxide, and the disproportionation of superoxide catalyzed by Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane and Li ions. As a result, the reactions are found to be first order and the rate constants aremore »0.033 s-1 M-1, 0.020 s-1 M-1and 0.67 s-1M-1 for reactions with PC, Li ion and Tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane, respectively.« less

  13. Potentiometric Response Characteristics of Membrane-BasedCs+-Selective Electrodes Containing Ionophore-Functionalized Polymeric Microspheres

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Peper, Shane; Gonczy, Chad

    2011-01-01

    Cs+-selective solvent polymeric membrane-based ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) were developed by doping ethylene glycol-functionalized cross-linked polystyrene microspheres (P-EG) into a plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) matrix containing sodium tetrakis-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) borate (TFPB) as the ion exchanger. A systematic study examining the effects of the membrane plasticizers bis(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate (DOS), 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether (NPOE), and 2-fluorophenyl nitrophenyl ether (FPNPE) on the potentiometric response and selectivity of the corresponding electrodes was performed. Under certain conditions, P-EG-based ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) containing TFPB and plasticized with NPOE exhibited a super-Nernstian response between1×10?3and1×10?4?M Cs+, a response characteristic not observed in analogous membranes plasticized with either DOS or FPNPE.more »Additionally, the performance of P-EG-based ISEs was compared to electrodes based on two mobile ionophores, a neutral lipophilic ethylene glycol derivative (ethylene glycol monooctadecyl ether (U-EG)) and a charged metallacarborane ionophore, sodium bis(dicarbollyl)cobaltate(III) (CC). In general, P-EG-based electrodes plasticized with FPNPE yielded the best performance, with a linear range from 10-1–10-5?M Cs+, a conventional lower detection limit of8.1×10?6?M Cs+, and a response slope of 57.7?mV/decade. The pH response of P-EG ISEs containing TFPB was evaluated for membranes plasticized with either NPOE or FPNPE. In both cases, the electrodes remained stable throughout the pH range 3–12, with only slight proton interference observed below pH 3.« less

  14. Biochemical, raw, and cooked color characteristics of individual bovine muscles in oxygen permeable and modified atmosphere packages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mies, Patrick Daniel

    2004-09-30

    .07c 0.04d 0.20e 0.17fg 2 0.10d 0.19c 0.10cd 0.06e 0.21fg 3 0.06d 0.04c 0.09cd 0.10e 0.23fg 4 0.12d 0.09c 0.02d 0.23e 0.25fg 5 0.13d 0.05c 0.11cd 0.28de 0.24fg PVC a 0 0.04d 0.02c 0.03d 0.05e 0.02g 1 0.08d 0.03c 0.05d 0.10e 0....53def 1 0.55c 0.03c 0.29bcd 0.31de 1.59ab 2 1.01b 0.28bc 0.60b 0.19e 1.27bc 3 1.07b 0.67ab 0.64b 0.32de 2.00a 4 1.07b 1.05a 0.44bc 1.45a 1.65ab 5 1.67a 0.33bc 1.39a 1.68a 1.79a LOXDK a 0 0.08d 0.24c 0.06d 0.15e 0.22fg 1 0.11d 0...

  15. Evaluation of emplacement sensors for detecting radiation and volatile organic compounds and for long-term monitoring access tubes for the BWCS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lord, D.L.; Averill, R.H.

    1997-10-01

    This document evaluates sensors for detecting contaminants in the excavated waste generated by the Buried Waste Containment System (BWCS). The Barrier Placement Machine (BPM) removes spoils from under a landfill or plume and places it on a conveyor belt on the left and right sides of the BPM. The spoils will travel down the conveyor belts past assay monitors and be deposited on top of the site being worked. The belts are 5 ft wide and transport approximately 15 ft3 /minute of spoils. This corresponds to a 10 ft per hour BPM advance rate. With a 2 in. spoils height the belt speed would be 3.6 in. per second. The spoils being removed are expected to be {open_quotes}clean{close_quotes} (no radiation or volatile organics above background levels). To ensure that the equipment is not digging through a contaminated area, assay equipment will monitor the spoils for mg radiation and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The radiation monitors will check for gross radiation indication. Upon detection of radiation levels above a predetermined setpoint, further evaluation will be performed to determine the isotopes present and their quantity. This will require hand held monitors and a remote monitoring station. Simultaneously, VOC monitors will monitor for predetermined volatile/semi-volatile organic compounds. A Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) monitor is recommended for this operation. Specific site requirements and regulations will determine setpoints and operation scenarios. If VOCs are detected, the data will be collected and recorded. A flat panel display will be mounted in the BPM operator`s cab showing the radio nuclide and VOC monitoring data. As the BPM advances, a 3-in. diameter PVC tube will be placed on the bottom of the barrier slot in front of the 12 to 16-in. containment barrier being emplaced.

  16. Robustness analysis of an air heating plant and control law by using polynomial chaos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colón, Diego; Ferreira, Murillo A. S.; Bueno, Átila M.; Balthazar, José M.; Rosa, Suélia S. R. F. de

    2014-12-10

    This paper presents a robustness analysis of an air heating plant with a multivariable closed-loop control law by using the polynomial chaos methodology (MPC). The plant consists of a PVC tube with a fan in the air input (that forces the air through the tube) and a mass flux sensor in the output. A heating resistance warms the air as it flows inside the tube, and a thermo-couple sensor measures the air temperature. The plant has thus two inputs (the fan's rotation intensity and heat generated by the resistance, both measured in percent of the maximum value) and two outputs (air temperature and air mass flux, also in percent of the maximal value). The mathematical model is obtained by System Identification techniques. The mass flux sensor, which is nonlinear, is linearized and the delays in the transfer functions are properly approximated by non-minimum phase transfer functions. The resulting model is transformed to a state-space model, which is used for control design purposes. The multivariable robust control design techniques used is the LQG/LTR, and the controllers are validated in simulation software and in the real plant. Finally, the MPC is applied by considering some of the system's parameters as random variables (one at a time, and the system's stochastic differential equations are solved by expanding the solution (a stochastic process) in an orthogonal basis of polynomial functions of the basic random variables. This method transforms the stochastic equations in a set of deterministic differential equations, which can be solved by traditional numerical methods (That is the MPC). Statistical data for the system (like expected values and variances) are then calculated. The effects of randomness in the parameters are evaluated in the open-loop and closed-loop pole's positions.

  17. PEROXIDE DESTRUCTION TESTING FOR THE 200 AREA EFFLUENT TREATMENT FACILITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HALGREN DL

    2010-03-12

    The hydrogen peroxide decomposer columns at the 200 Area Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) have been taken out of service due to ongoing problems with particulate fines and poor destruction performance from the granular activated carbon (GAC) used in the columns. An alternative search was initiated and led to bench scale testing and then pilot scale testing. Based on the bench scale testing three manganese dioxide based catalysts were evaluated in the peroxide destruction pilot column installed at the 300 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility. The ten inch diameter, nine foot tall, clear polyvinyl chloride (PVC) column allowed for the same six foot catalyst bed depth as is in the existing ETF system. The flow rate to the column was controlled to evaluate the performance at the same superficial velocity (gpm/ft{sup 2}) as the full scale design flow and normal process flow. Each catalyst was evaluated on peroxide destruction performance and particulate fines capacity and carryover. Peroxide destruction was measured by hydrogen peroxide concentration analysis of samples taken before and after the column. The presence of fines in the column headspace and the discharge from carryover was generally assessed by visual observation. All three catalysts met the peroxide destruction criteria by achieving hydrogen peroxide discharge concentrations of less than 0.5 mg/L at the design flow with inlet peroxide concentrations greater than 100 mg/L. The Sud-Chemie T-2525 catalyst was markedly better in the minimization of fines and particle carryover. It is anticipated the T-2525 can be installed as a direct replacement for the GAC in the peroxide decomposer columns. Based on the results of the peroxide method development work the recommendation is to purchase the T-2525 catalyst and initially load one of the ETF decomposer columns for full scale testing.

  18. Potentiometric Response Characteristics of Membrane-Based Cs + -Selective Electrodes Containing Ionophore-Functionalized Polymeric Microspheres

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Peper, Shane; Gonczy, Chad

    2011-01-01

    Cs + -selective solvent polymeric membrane-based ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) were developed by doping ethylene glycol-functionalized cross-linked polystyrene microspheres (P-EG) into a plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) matrix containing sodium tetrakis-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) borate (TFPB) as the ion exchanger. A systematic study examining the effects of the membrane plasticizers bis(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate (DOS), 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether (NPOE), and 2-fluorophenyl nitrophenyl ether (FPNPE) on the potentiometric response and selectivity of the corresponding electrodes was performed. Under certain conditions, P-EG-based ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) containing TFPB and plasticized with NPOE exhibited a super-Nernstian response between 1 × 10 ? 3 andmore » 1 × 10 ? 4 ?M Cs + , a response characteristic not observed in analogous membranes plasticized with either DOS or FPNPE. Additionally, the performance of P-EG-based ISEs was compared to electrodes based on two mobile ionophores, a neutral lipophilic ethylene glycol derivative (ethylene glycol monooctadecyl ether (U-EG)) and a charged metallacarborane ionophore, sodium bis(dicarbollyl)cobaltate(III) (CC). In general, P-EG-based electrodes plasticized with FPNPE yielded the best performance, with a linear range from 10 -1 –10 -5 ?M Cs + , a conventional lower detection limit of 8.1 × 10 ? 6 ?M Cs + , and a response slope of 57.7?mV/decade. The pH response of P-EG ISEs containing TFPB was evaluated for membranes plasticized with either NPOE or FPNPE. In both cases, the electrodes remained stable throughout the pH range 3–12, with only slight proton interference observed below pH 3. « less

  19. Neutron counting and gamma spectroscopy with PVT detectors.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, Dean James; Brusseau, Charles A.

    2011-06-01

    Radiation portals normally incorporate a dedicated neutron counter and a gamma-ray detector with at least some spectroscopic capability. This paper describes the design and presents characterization data for a detection system called PVT-NG, which uses large polyvinyl toluene (PVT) detectors to monitor both types of radiation. The detector material is surrounded by polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which emits high-energy gamma rays following neutron capture reactions. Assessments based on high-energy gamma rays are well suited for the detection of neutron sources, particularly in border security applications, because few isotopes in the normal stream of commerce have significant gamma ray yields above 3 MeV. Therefore, an increased count rate for high-energy gamma rays is a strong indicator for the presence of a neutron source. The sensitivity of the PVT-NG sensor to bare {sup 252}Cf is 1.9 counts per second per nanogram (cps/ng) and the sensitivity for {sup 252}Cf surrounded by 2.5 cm of polyethylene is 2.3 cps/ng. The PVT-NG sensor is a proof-of-principal sensor that was not fully optimized. The neutron detector sensitivity could be improved, for instance, by using additional moderator. The PVT-NG detectors and associated electronics are designed to provide improved resolution, gain stability, and performance at high-count rates relative to PVT detectors in typical radiation portals. As well as addressing the needs for neutron detection, these characteristics are also desirable for analysis of the gamma-ray spectra. Accurate isotope identification results were obtained despite the common impression that the absence of photopeaks makes data collected by PVT detectors unsuitable for spectroscopic analysis. The PVT detectors in the PVT-NG unit are used for both gamma-ray and neutron detection, so the sensitive volume exceeds the volume of the detection elements in portals that use dedicated components to detect each type of radiation.

  20. Development of taste sensor system for differentiation of Indonesian herbal medicines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaltsum, U., E-mail: um-mik@yahoo.co.id [Physics Education Department, IKIP PGRI Semarang (Indonesia); Triyana, K., E-mail: triyana@ugm.ac.id; Siswanta, D., E-mail: triyana@ugm.ac.id [Physics Department, Gadjah Mada University (Indonesia)

    2014-09-25

    In Indonesia, herbal medicines are usually produced by small and medium enterprises which are relatively low in quality control. The purpose of this paper is to report that we have developed a taste sensor system with global selectivity, i.e., electronic tongue (e-tongue) for differentiation of Indonesian herbal medicines. The e-tongue was composed of five kinds of ion selective electrodes as working electrodes, data acquisition system, and pattern recognition system. Each ion selective electrode (ISE) was built by attaching lipid/polymer membrane. For this purpose, the five kinds of membranes were built by mixing lipid, plasticizer (nitrophenyl octyl ether/NPOE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and tetrahydrofuran (THF). In this study, we employed five kinds of lipid, namely oleic acid (OA), dioctyl phosphate (DOP), decyl alcohol (DA), dodecylamine (DDC), and trioctyl methyl ammonium chloride (TOMA). In this case, the membranes transform information of taste substances into electric signal. The five kinds of Indonesian herbal medicine were purchased from local supermarket in Yogyakarta, i.e., kunyit asam (made from turmeric and tamarind), beras kencur (made from rice and kencur), jahe wangi (made from ginger and fragrance), sirih wangi (made from betel leaf), and temulawak (made from Javanese ginger). Prior to detecting the taste from the Indonesian herbal medicine samples, each ion selective electrode was tested with five basic taste samples, i.e., for saltiness, sweetness, umami, bitterness, and sourness. All ISEs showed global selectivity to all samples. Furthermore, the array of ISEs showed specific response pattern to each Indonesian herbal medicine. For pattern recognition system, we employed principle component analysis (PCA). As a result, the e-tongue was able to differentiate five kinds of Indonesian herbal medicines, proven by the total variance of first and second principle components is about 93%. For the future, the e-tongue may be developed for quality control application in herbal medicine industries.

  1. Development of a magnetostrictive borehole seismic source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cutler, R.P.; Sleefe, G.E.; Keefe, R.G.

    1997-04-01

    A magnetostrictive borehole seismic source was developed for use in high resolution crosswell surveys in environmental applications. The source is a clamped, vertical-shear, swept frequency, reaction-mass shaker design consisting of a spring pre-loaded magnetostrictive rod with permanent magnet bias, drive coils to induce an alternating magnetic field, and an integral tungsten reaction mass. The actuator was tested extensively in the laboratory. It was then incorporated into an easily deployable clamped downhole tool capable of operating on a standard 7 conductor wireline in borehole environments to 10,000{degrees} deep and 100{degrees}C. It can be used in either PVC or steel cased wells and the wells can be dry or fluid filled. It has a usable frequency spectrum of {approx} 150 to 2000 Hz. The finished tool was successfully demonstrated in a crosswell test at a shallow environmental site at Hanford, Washington. The source transmitted signals with a S/N ratio of 10-15 dB from 150-720 Hz between wells spaced 239 feet apart in unconsolidated gravel. The source was also tested successfully in rock at an oil field test site, transmitting signals with a S/N ratio of 5-15 dB over the full sweep spectrum from 150-2000 Hz between wells spaced 282 feet apart. And it was used successfully on an 11,000{degrees} wireline at a depth of 4550{degrees}. Recommendations for follow-on work include improvements to the clamp, incorporation of a higher sample rate force feedback controller, and increases in the force output of the tool.

  2. Technical specifications for mechanical recycling of agricultural plastic waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briassoulis, D. Hiskakis, M.; Babou, E.

    2013-06-15

    Highlights: • Technical specifications for agricultural plastic wastes (APWs) recycling proposed. • Specifications are the base for best economical and environmental APW valorisation. • Analysis of APW reveals inherent characteristics and constraints of APW streams. • Thorough survey on mechanical recycling processes and industry as it applies to APW. • Specifications for APW recycling tested, adjusted and verified through pilot trials. - Abstract: Technical specifications appropriate for the recycling of agricultural plastic wastes (APWs), widely accepted by the recycling industry were developed. The specifications establish quality standards to be met by the agricultural plastics producers, users and the agricultural plastic waste management chain. They constitute the base for the best economical and environmental valorisation of the APW. The analysis of the APW streams conducted across Europe in the framework of the European project “LabelAgriWaste” revealed the inherent characteristics of the APW streams and the inherent constraints (technical or economical) of the APW. The APW stream properties related to its recycling potential and measured during pilot trials are presented and a subsequent universally accepted simplified and expanded list of APW recycling technical specifications is proposed and justified. The list includes two sets of specifications, applied to two different quality categories of recyclable APW: one for pellet production process (“Quality I”) and another one for plastic profile production process (“Quality II”). Parameters that are taken into consideration in the specifications include the APW physical characteristics, contamination, composition and degradation. The proposed specifications are focused on polyethylene based APW that represents the vast majority of the APW stream. However, the specifications can be adjusted to cover also APW of different materials (e.g. PP or PVC) that are found in very small quantities in protected cultivations in Europe. The adoption of the proposed specifications could transform this waste stream into a labelled commodity traded freely in the market and will constitute the base for the best economical and environmental valorisation of the APW.

  3. Doctor of Nursing Practice Program DNP INTENSIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Donaldson, DNP, ACNP-BC DNP Program Co-Director 10:00 a.m.-12noon 1st Year: 140FH 2nd Year: 144FH N442 early for your appointment** 3:00-5:00 p.m. 1st Year: 140FH 2nd Year: 144FH N422: Evidence/Session Event/Session 8:00-10:00 a.m. 1st Year: 140FH 2nd Year: 144FH N422: Evidence-Based Practice II

  4. Comparison of Precision Orbit Derived Density Estimates for CHAMP and GRACE Satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fattig, Eric

    2011-04-21

    NOMENCLATURE Symbol Definition Units draga acceleration vector due to atmospheric drag m/s 2 ap geomagnetic 3-hourly planetary equivalent amplitude index gamma, Telsa, or kg s m-1 A satellite cross-sectional area m2 Ap geomagnetic daily planetary... amplitude index gamma, Telsa, or kg s m-1 BB estimated ballistic coefficient correction ~ BC ballistic coefficient m2/kg Dc satellite drag coefficient ~ d cross correlation delay F10.7 daily solar radio flux measured at 10.7 cm wavelength SFU 10.7F...

  5. LabCont1: Laboratorio di Controlli 1 II Trim. 2007 Lezione 14 1 Marzo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    ) = N(z-1 ) D(z-1) = b0 + b1z-1 + · · · + bmz-m 1 + a1z-1 + · · · + anz-n 3. Spazio di stato xk+1 = Axk) + · · · + b0u(k) Ricordando le regole della trasformata zeta, Y (z) = - anz-n Y (z) - · · · - a1z-1 Y (z) + cn (z) = b0 + · · · + bmz-m 1 + a1z-1 + · · · + anz-n funzione di trasferimento U(z) + N0(z-1 ) 1 + a1z

  6. A Fully-Integrated 5GHz CMOS Wireless-LAN Receiver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Thomas H.

    ( ) ------------------ fmin fmax #12;Parasitic capacitance Cx degrades the noise performance. Noise Rejection In M3 M1 X Cx Lx;Equivalent Noise Circuit for the LNA M1 X Cx Zin Ls Lg M3 Iout + - + - V s 2 V g1 2 I g1 2 I d3 2 Rs Rin1 Cx drain noise modeled) #12;Filter Noise Model I d5 2 I L5 2 C3 C1Cx L5 1 gm5 ----------­ I d5 2 I L5 2

  7. DEGAS 2 Neutral Transport Modeling of High Density, Low Temperature Plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the resulting fluid neutral momentum balance in a slab geometry is d dx ³ mnv 2 + nT ´ = # T n dT dx - m# cx nv.24, and the charge exchange frequency, # cx = 2.93# cx n(T/m) 1/2 . With a neutral source on one end of the slab (x density # # n(x)/n(L), d# dx = - 2 4 (1-# T ) T (L) dT (x) dx # + ##cx [T (L)/m] 1/2 T (x) T (L) - # 2 # 2

  8. PHC Dining Room Closes at 2 p.m.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    PHC Dining Room August 2- Closes at 2 p.m. August 4 ­ August 20 Breakfast 7 a.m.- 8:30 a.m. Lunch 11 a.m.- 1:30 p.m. Dinner 5 p.m. - 6:30 p.m. Saturday & Sunday Brunch 11 a.m. - 1 p.m. Dinner 5:30 p.m. - 6:30 p.m. Crimson Corner August 2- Closes at 2 p.m. August 4 ­ August 20 8 a.m.- 3 p.m. Saturday

  9. A theoretical temperature distribution model for asymmetric and isotropic hollow-fiber bioreactors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nam, Ki Yun

    1986-01-01

    nmnbering method will be used as the second order differential terms of equations (lg)-(18) have variable coefficients which are dependent on r (fig. 2). (ml+m2+m3+1 ) (n+1)+1 (m1+m2+m3+1 ) (n+1 ) re 'on re ion 2 re ion 1 a+2 1 2 . 1 g ~ 2 Numbering... of nodes and elements N-1 N 2n+2 n m+1 19 Although a basis function defined in space and time coordinates can be used to parabolic PDE with one time and two space coordinates, the approach is seldom employed in practice. It is generally found...

  10. Algoritmos y Estructuras de Datos II Ejercicios Tema 1. Anlisis de algoritmos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giménez, Domingo

    Algoritmos y Estructuras de Datos II Ejercicios Tema 1. Análisis de algoritmos 1 1.1. Obtener el tiempo de ejecución t(n), O(t(n)), (t(n)) y o(t(n)) para el siguiente algoritmo de multiplicación de algoritmo de búsqueda binaria. i= 1 j= n repeat m= (i+j) div 2 if a[m] > x j= m-1 else i= m+1 endif until i

  11. Synthesis of perylene-porphyrin building blocks and polymers thereof for the production of light-harvesting arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Loewe, Robert S.; Tomizaki, Kin-ya; Lindsey, Jonathan S.

    2005-07-12

    The present invention provides methods, compounds, and compositions for the synthesis of light harvesting arrays, such arrays comprising: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to said first electrode, each of said light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: wherein m is at least 1; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group, and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores. At least one of X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 has at least one perylene group coupled thereto.

  12. Secondary ion emission from “super-efficient” events: prospects for surface mass spectrometry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rickman, Richard Dale

    2004-09-30

    -1 Total secondary ion yields for the Ph molecular ion (M-H)- on a per atom basis as a function of the energy per atom of the Aunm+ projectiles, n = 1 to 4, m=1,2?????? 53 5-2 Secondary ion multiplicity report for 23 keV Au4+ bombardment of a... phenylalanine target??????... 54 xii FIGURE age 5-3 Secondary ion yields for the Ph molecular ion (M-H)- on a per atom basis as a function of the energy per atom of the Aunm+ projectiles, n = 1 to 4, m=1,2 from one-ion detection events...

  13. HOPM1 mediated disease resistance to Pseudomonas syringae in Arabidopsis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    He, Sheng Yang (Okemos, MI); Nomura, Kinya (East Lansing, MI)

    2011-11-15

    The present invention relates to compositions and methods for enhancing plant defenses against pathogens. More particularly, the invention relates to enhancing plant immunity against bacterial pathogens, wherein HopM1.sub.1-300 mediated protection is enhanced, such as increased protection to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 HopM1 and/or there is an increase in activity of an ATMIN associated plant protection protein, such as ATMIN7. Reagents of the present invention further provide a means of studying cellular trafficking while formulations of the present inventions provide increased pathogen resistance in plants.

  14. Sigma-models having supermanifolds as target spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albert Schwarz

    1995-06-10

    We study a topological sigma-model ($A$-model) in the case when the target space is an ($m_0|m_1$)-dimensional supermanifold. We prove under certain conditions that such a model is equivalent to an $A$-model having an ($m_0-m_1$)-dimensional manifold as a target space. We use this result to prove that in the case when the target space of $A$-model is a complete intersection in a toric manifold, this $A$-model is equivalent to an $A$-model having a toric supermanifold as a target space.

  15. Linear Algebra Meets Lie Algebra The Kostant-Wallach Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higham, Nicholas J.

    Dual Coordinates B M(n) M(n). (G1m) Bm = Gmm(Gm)-1, Gm GL(m). Gm unique if last row is ones, by (G2m). Definition bm and cm Cm, given by Bm+1 = Gm 0 0T 1 m cm bm T m+1 Gm -1 0 0T 1 = Bm Gmcm bm T Gm -1 m+1 . #12;The Dual Coordinates B M(n) M(n). (G1m) Bm = Gmm(Gm)-1, Gm GL(m). Gm unique if last

  16. Development of an environmental relative moldiness index for US homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vesper, Sephen J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Haugland, Richard A.; Wymer, Larry; Bradham, Karen; Ashley, Peter; Cox, David J.; DeWalt, Gary; Friedman, Warren

    2007-08-01

    As part of the HUD American Healthy Survey, dust samples were collected by vacuuming 2 m2 in the bedroom plus 2 m2 in the living room of a nationally representative 1096 homes in the USA using the Mitest™ sampler. Five mg of sieved (300 µ pore, nylon mesh) dust was analyzed by mold specific quantitative PCR for the 36 EPA Mold Panel Species. On this basis, an “environmental relative moldiness index” (ERMI) was created with values ranging from about -10 to 20 (lowest to highest). In order to try to reduce the cost of this analysis, the number of test species was reduced by selecting only those species with a national average concentration of 30 cell equivalents (CE) per mg dust or greater. Only 19 of 36 species met this criterion. (In 40% of the homes, an additional 46 species were quantified from the same dust sample. All of these species had average concentrations less than 30 CE per mg dust.) These 19 species were then categorized into two groups based on their coefficient of variation (CV). If the CV was > 9, the mold was placed in Category 1 (10/19) and the other molds were placed in Category 2 (9/19). Using these Categories, the sum of the log-transformed concentrations of three Category 2 molds (C. herbarum, A. alternata and C. cladosporioides Type 1) was subtracted from the sum of the log-transformed concentrations of the ten Category 1 molds (Aspergillus niger, A. ochraceus, A. penicillioides, A. restrictus, A. sydowii, Chaetomium globosum, Eurotium amsteldoami, Paecilomyces variotii, Penicillium chrysogenum and Wallemia sebi). Assembling these values for the 1096 AHHS homes from lowest to highest produced the “American relative moldiness index” (ARMI). The correlation between the ERMI and ARMI values was 0.88. The ERMI or ARMI scales may be useful as a standard for mold exposure estimates in epidemiological studies.

  17. Harmonic analysis of the Ha velocity field of NGC 4254

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurent Chemin; Olivier Hernandez; Chantal Balkowski; Claude Carignan; Philippe Amram

    2005-12-20

    The ionized gas kinematics of the Virgo Cluster galaxy NGC 4254 (Messier 99) is analyzed by an harmonic decomposition of the velocity field into Fourier coefficients. The aims of this study are to measure the kinematical asymmetries of Virgo cluster galaxies and to connect them to the environment. The analysis reveals significant $m=1,2,4$ terms which origins are discussed.

  18. INTERACTIONS OF POINT DEFECTS WITH BORON AND ARSENIC PRECIPITATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunham, Scott

    ]. The price for this re­ duction in the number of variables is that two nonlinear equations have to be solved tables are computed for the quantities which depend on the distribution, in terms of m 1 =m 0 and m 2 =m 0 , and the tables used for interpolation during a simulation. The model was successfully applied

  19. Acute Embryonic or Juvenile Exposure to Deepwater Horizon Crude Oil Impairs the Swimming Performance of Mahi-Mahi (Coryphaena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosell, Martin

    Acute Embryonic or Juvenile Exposure to Deepwater Horizon Crude Oil Impairs the Swimming and ecologically important fish species to crude oil during the sensitive early life stages. We show that brief approximately 4 million barrels (6 × 108 L) of crude oil into the northern Gulf of Mexico (GoM).1-3 The DWH

  20. GALAXY CLUSTERS IN HUBBLE VOLUME SIMULATIONS: COSMOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS FROM SKY SURVEY POPULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Peter

    Consortium) Received 2001 October 26; accepted 2002 March 7 ABSTRACT We use gigaparticle N-body simulations to study galaxy cluster populations in Hubble volumes of ÃCDM (m ¼ 0:3, Ã ¼ 0:7) and CDM (m ¼ 1) world; of specific thermal energies in dark matter and intracluster gas. We derive a scaling with power spectrum